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From MS. Aubrey 6, fol. tt v 

r f~ J ~"^>- ~ >e ^ r " 


^ Brief Lives,' chiefly of Con 

temporaries, set down by 

John Aubrey, between 

the Years 1669 & 1696 












. . . Ingelbert. 

* MR. INGELBERT was the first inventer or projector of 
bringing the water from Ware to London l called Middle ton 3 
water. He was a poore-man, but Sir Hugh Middleton a , 
alderman of London, moneyed the businesse ; undertooke 
it ; and gott the profit and also the credit of that most 
usefull invention, for which there b ought to have been 
erected a statue for the memory of this poore-man from 
the city of London. From my honoured and learned 
friend Mr. Fabian Philips, filiser of London, etc, who 
was in commission about this water. 


1 In MS. Aubr. 6, fol. i v , Aubrey has this note : ' In Pond's Almanack, 
1647, thus " Since the river from Ware to London began by Edward Pond, 
Jan. 2, 35 yeares. 'Twas finished, Sept. 20, 34 yeares " .' 

John Innocent (14 -1545). 

** At Doctors Commons is * argent on gules a mayd 
stark naked with a chaplet in her hand dexter.' The 
name I could never learn, till by chance, in Hampshire, 
by a courtier. It is the coate of Dr. Innocent, deane of 
Paule's and master of St. Crosses, tempore Henrici VII. 
Borne at Barkehamsted, Hertfordshire; where he built 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 42'. due for the.' 

a See infra, sub nomine. ** Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 

b Subst. for 'there was a statue 135: 6 Aug. 1671. 
II. B 

Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

a free-schole, where this coat is in severall places. 'Tis 
endowed with .500/3*. per annum for 120 scholars from 
any part of England. The Visitor is the Warden of 
All Soules, Oxon. 

Henry Isaacson (1581-1654). 

* Mr. Henry Isaacson was secretary to Lancelot 

Andrews, lord bishop of Winton. Was borne in this 

parish (of St. Katharine Coleman) anno Domini 

t St. Catherine , ~ . ,, 

Coieman, 1581 1581 ; christned ex registrof Septemb. 17 th ; 
in&iion y and buried in this church. He died about the 

baptised. 1 n 1 M i 

jvis.Aubr.8, yth of December, 1 654. Hehad severall children: 
four sonnes still living, one is a minister at 
Stoke neer Ipswych in Suffolk. 

In the chancell here a I find this inscription, on a marble 
grave-stone, viz. : 

' Here lyeth the body of Richard Isaacson, esq., Eastland 
merchant, and free of the Paynters Stayners of this citie of London, 
t Scil. Henricus w ^ having lived in this parish 58 yeares, slept in the 
praedictus. Lord 19 January, Anno Domini 1620. t Henricus films 

et haeres hoc memorabile posuit pietatis ergo.' 

** Memorandum : (Thomas) Bourman, Dr. of Divinity, 
of Kingston upon Thames, did know Mr. Isaacson, and 
told me that he was a learned man, which I easily believed 
when I heard he was secretary to that learned prelate, who 
made use of none but for merit. The Dr. told me that 
Twas re when he presented his Chronologic to his 
hower in An m ma j estie King Charles the first, 'twas in the 
w S ou?d |Te matted gallery at White-hall J. The (king) 
presently discerned the purpose of the treatise, 
and turned to his owne birth ; sayd the King, 
election. < Here's one lye to begin with' It seemes that 

Mr. Isaacson had taken it out of ... (a foreigner), who 
used the other account. Poor Mr. Isaacson was so ashamed 
at this unlucky rencounter, that he immediately sneak't 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 90. Aubrey a i. e. in St. Katharine Coleman 's. 

gives the coat, 'or, a pile azure between ** MS. Anbr. 8, fol. 9Q V . 

2 escallops . . .' 

Henry Isaacson 

away and stayd not for prayse or reward, both which perhaps 
he might have had, for his majestic was well pleased with 
it. He wrote severall little bookes, besides his Chrono- 
logie : quaere of the minister's wife (his niece) their titles. 
He was of Pembroke-hall, in Cambridge. He was there 
about Master of Arts standing. 

~. * Concerning Henry Isaacson a . 

I find that my grandfather dyed in St.Cathrin Coleman's 
parish London, the 19 January, 1620, and to my best 
rememberance upon his gravestone in the chancell it was 
ingraven that hee had lived in the said parrish 58 yeares. 
He (was) fined for not serving the office of shereif of 
London, being chosen in the yeare 1618. 

My father died in St. Cathrin Coleman's parrish above- 
said about the 7 e of December, 1654, which is neare 
34 years after my grandfather's death. I calculate from 
the tyme of his birth to my grandfather's death to bee 
39 yeares : ad b the 34 yeares after my grandfather's death 
to the 39 before : 39 + 34 makes 73 yeares his age which 
all the familie agree that hee was seaventy three yeares 
of age when hee died, soe that hee was borne in anno 1581. 
Borne in anno 1581, dyed aged 73, makes 1654 the yeare 
when he dyed. And in all probability hee was borne 
in St. Kathrin Coleman's parrish, my grandfather having 
lived soe long tyme there : the church booke, if extant, 
will soone resolve yow I never heard any thing to the 

My brother William Isaacson could more exactly give 
you an account of the degrees he tooke, if any, but the 
University was Cambriegeand the College Pembrooke-Hall. 
I thinke I have heard hee was Mr. of Arts standing, but 

am somthing uncertayne of this. 


the 2i e Aprill 1681. 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 89. of Anthony Wood : the letter is the 

a This title is in the handwriting original. b i. e. ad* 3 . 

B 2 

Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

* In the table of benefactors in the Church of St. Catherine 
Colman, viz. 

{ 1620: Mr. Richard Isaacson' the 
chronologer a ' ill. i2s. per annum to the poor.' 

James I (1566-1625). 

(A life of * James R.' is entered in the index to MS. 
Aubrey 6 (see vol. i. p. 8), as contemplated by Aubrey. If 
written, the life was hostile in tone, as may be seen from 
the following query towards it (Aubrey, in MS. Wood 
F. 39, fol. 347 : 8 Sept 1680) : 

4 Pray search that booke b , and see if you can find the 
ballad, or verses, on the coronation of king James 

And at the erse of them marched the Scotish peeres 
With lowzie shirts, and mangie wrists, went pricking-up 
their eares.'} 

. . . Jaquinto. 

** Dr. Jaquinto : physitian to pope . . . , then to king 
James c . He went into the marshes of Essex, where they 
putt their sheep to cure them of the rott, where he lived 
sometime purposely to observe what plants the sheep did 
eat, of which herbs he made his medicine for the con- 
sumption, which Mr. E. W. d haz. 

David Jenkins (1586-1663). 

*** Judge Jenkins, prisoner in the Tower of London, 
Windsor, etc., (eleven) yeares, for his loyalty. He would 
have taken it kindly to have been made one of the judges 
in Westminster Hall, but would give no money for it, [so e 
the Lord Chancellor Hyde never preferred him]. 

He was of very good courage. Rode in the lord Gerard's 

* MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 9. c Subst. for ' physician to queen 
a A slip : the ' chronologer ' was Anne or prince Henry : quaere E. W. : 

his son. vide <,' a MS. not yet identified. 

b The ballad-book at Ralph Shel- d Probably Edmund Wyld. 

don's. *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 27. 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. u. e These words are scored through. 

David Jenkins 

army in Pembrokeshire, in the forlorne-hope, with his long 
rapier drawne holding it on-end. 

Obiit Dec. 3, anno Domini 1663 ; sepult. at Cowbridge 
church in the south aisle in Glamorganshire. No remem- 
brance yet (1682) set up for him. 

[Quaere a Sir Robert Thomas whereabout in the church 
or chancell.] 

* David Jenkins hath writt a learned treatise of the 
lawe, in folio, of cases twice judged (quaere nomen) ; and 
an ' opusculum' (Lex terrae, etc.) in i6mo. 

Borne at ... in Glamorganshire. He was of Edmund 
Hall. Afterwards of Graye's inne. One of the judges b 
in South Wales. Imprisoned a long time in the Tower, 
Newgate, and Windsore. Was the only man that never 
complied. Dyed about 1665, at Cowbridge in Glamorgan- 

He marryed Sir John Aubrey's sister. 

** David Jenkins, judge, was borne at Hensol, the place 
where he lived, in the parish of Pendeylwyn in com. 
Glamorgan. He was reciting this verse out of Ausonius, 
not long before he dyed, to Sir Llewellin Jenkins : 

Et baculo innitens, in qua reptabat arena. 

Scripsit Opuscula, contayning severall little treatises, viz. 
Lex terrae, etc. ; Rerum judicatarum censurae octo, in 
folio ; praeter alias ejusdem naturae ineditas. 

He was one of the judges of the Carmarthen, Cardigan, 
and Pembrokeshire circuit before the wars. In the warres 
he was taken prisoner at Hereford. Long time prisoner 
in the Tower, Newgate, Wallingford, and Windsore. Never 
submitted to the usurping power (I thinke, the only man). 
All his estate was confiscated ; and was always excepted 
by the parliament in the first ranke of delinquents. 

In his circuit in Wales at the beginning of the warres, 
he caused to be indicted severall men of those parts (that 

a These words are scored out. Orig. Jurid? 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, ** Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, 

fol. 128: Nov. 17, 1670. fol. 160: Jan. 16, 167!. 
b Wood notes 'vide Dugdale's 

Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

were parliament, etc. engaged against the king) for highe 
treason ; and the grand jury indicted them. Afterwards, 
when he was prisoner in Newgate, some of these grandees 
came to him to triumph over him, and told him that if 
they had been thus in his power, he would have hanged 
them. * God forbid els ! ' replied he which undaunted 
returne they much admired. 

The parliament intended to have hanged him ; and he 
expected no lesse, but resolved to be hangd with the 
Bible under one arme and Magna Charta under the other. 
And hangd he had been, had not Harry Martyn told them 
in the house that 

Sanguis martyrum est semen ecclesiae, 

and that that way would doe them more mischiefe. So 
his life was saved, and they removed him out of the way 
to Wallingford Castle. 

He dyed upwards (something a ) of fowrscore yeares of 
age at Cowbridge in the county of Glamorgan,* on 
St. Nicholas day, November b the sixth, 1663 ; and in that 
church lyes buried, yet without a monument, but I thinke 
my cosen intends one. 

"Tis pitty he was not made one of the judges of 
Westminster-hall for his long sufferings ; and he might 
have been, he told me, if he would have given money 
to the Chancellor but he scornd it. He needed it not, 
for he had his estate againe (1500/2. per annum), and 
being old and carceribus confractus. Mr. T. H., Malmes- 
buriensis, told him one day at dinner that 'that hereafter 
would not shew well for somebodie's honour in history.' 

** Sir Llewellin Jenkins remembers himself kindly 
to you. He hath made a very fine inscription (which is 
an abstract of his life) in laxe lambiques for judge David 
Jenkins. I would have him send it to you, but he is too 

a Dupl. with ' few yeares.' b Wood corrects to ' December.' 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. ** Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, 

i6o v . fol. 183: Aug. 19, 1672. 

Sir Leoline Jenkins 

Sir Leoline Jenkins (1623-1685). 

* Sir Lleuellin Jenkins, knight, was borne at Llantrithid 
in the countie of Glamorgan, anno domini . . . 

His father (whom I knew) was a good plaine countrey- 
man, a coppyholder of Sir John Aubrey, knight and baronet 
(eldest son of Sir Thomas), whose mannour it is. 

He went to schoole at Cowbridge, not far off. 

David Jenkins, that was prisoner in the Tower (maried 
a sister of Sir John Aubrey), was some remote kin to him ; 
and, looking on him as a boy towardly, diligent, and good, 
he contributed something towards his education. 

Anno Domini 164(1), he was matriculated of Jesus 
College in Oxford, where he stayed till (I thinke) he tooke 
his degree of Bac. Artium. 

About that time Sir John Aubrey sent for him home to 
enforme his eldest sonne Lewis Aubrey (since deceased, 
1659) in grammar; and that he might take his learning 
the better, he was taught in the church-house where 
severall boyes came to schoole, and there were 6 or 7 
gentlemen's sonnes (Sir Francis Maunsell, bart. ; Mr. 

Edmund Thomas ; Mr ) boarded in the towne. 

The young gentlemen were all neer of an age, and ripe for 
the University together ; and to Oxford they all went 
under Mr. Jenkins' care about anno 1649 or 50, but by 
reason of the disturbances of those times, Sir John would 
not have his sonne of any college. But they all studyed 
at Mr. (now Sir) Sampson White's house, a grocer, opposite 
to University College. Here he stayed with my cosen 
about 3 yeares or better, and then, in anno 165- (vide 
Mr. Hobbes' de Corpore, 'twas that yeare), he travelled 
with my cosen and two or 3 of the other gentlemen into 
France, where they stayd about 3 yeares and made them- 
selves masters of that language. 

He first began a the Civill lawe, viz., bought (Arnold) 
Vinnius on Justinian, 1653 b . 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 25. Aubrey gives in trick the coat: '(argent), 
a chevron, between 3 (cocks gules}.' 

a Dupl. with 'studied.' b Subst. for Mate.' 

8 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

When he brought home Mr. Lewis Aubrey 3 he returned 
to Jesus College (quaere, if he was of the foundation). 

After his majestie's restauration Dr. (Francis) Maunsell 
was restored to his principallship of that house, but being 
very old and wearie of worldly cares, he kept it not long, 
before he resigned it to Mr. Jenkins. 

Gilbert Sheldon, archbishop of Canterbury, and Sir John 
Aubrey were co-etanei, and contracted a great friendship 
at Oxon in their youth, which continued to their deaths. 
In the troublesome times after Dr. Sheldon was expelled, 
he was a yeare (I thinke) or two with Sir John at Llantrithid, 
where he tooke notice of the vertue and assiduity of the 
young man Mr. Jenkins. After the king's restauration 
Sir John Aubrey recommended Mr. Jenkins to him ; made 
him. Anno (1668) he was archbishop of Canterbury: 
Sir (William) Meyric, LL.D. and Judge of (the Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury), dyed, and the archbishop conferred 
that place on Mr. Jenkins. 

Anno ... he had the honour of knighthood. 

Anno 1673, (he) was sent with Sir Joseph William- 
son, plenipotentiaries, to Nemeghen : I remember that 
very time they went away was opposition of Saturn and 
Mars. I sayd then to the earl of Th(anet) that if that 
ambassade came to any good I would never trust to 
astrologie again. 

Anno 167- sent embassador to . . . , from whence he 
returned anno i6f. 

March 25, 1680, he was made Principall Secretary of 
Estate. When I came to wayte on him to congratulate 
for the honour his majestic had been pleased to bestowe 
on him, he recieved me with his usuall courtesie, and sayd 
that ' it had pleased God to rayse-up a poore worme to 
doe his majestic humble service.' 

He haz a strong body for study, indefatigable, temperate 
and vertuous. God blesse him. 

When Mary the queen-mother dyed at Paris, the king of 
Fraunce caused her Jewells and treasures to be locked up 
and sealed. His majestic of Great Britaine sent Sir 

George Johnson 

Llewellin (which is Leoline in Latin) to Paris concerning 
the administration [1668 a ]. 

George Johnson (1621-1683). 

* It pleased God at Whitsuntide last to bereave me 
of a deare, usefull, and faithfull friend Mr. Johnson who 
had the reversion of the place of Master of the Rolles ; 
who generously, for friendship and neighbourhood sake (we 
were borne the same weeke and within 4 miles and educated 
together), gave me the graunt to be one of his secretaries 
which place is worth 500 //. per annum. He was a strong 
lustie man and died of a malignant fever, infected by the 
earl of Abington's brother, making of his will. It was 
such an opportunity that I shall never have the like again. 

** George Johnson, esq., borne at Bowdon parke. March 
the sixth i62f-; respondet that he remembers his mother 
sayed 'twas just at noone. His mother was three dayes in 
labour with him. 

Fever at Bowdon about 1669 ; quaere R. Wiseman. 

Fever, most dangerous, at London Nov. and Dec, 1677. 

Burghesse of Devises, 166- ; made one of the judges of 
Ludlow, . . . ; maried about 1660; reader of the Middle 
Temple, . . . 

Mr. Vere Bertie b was his chamber- fellowe in anno 1655, 
the wintertime, which was his rise. 

My honoured and kind friend George Johnson, esq., died 
at his house at Bowdon-lodge, of an ague and feaver on 
the 28th of May 1 at io h A.M., being Whit-munday, 

cujus animae propitietur Deus. 

His death is an extraordinary losse to me, for that 
had he lived to have been Master of the Rolles I had been 
one of his secretarys, worth 600 li. + : sed fiat voluntas 

* Added by Anthony Wood. ** MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 38*. 

* MS. Ballard 14, fol. 137 ; a letter b Baron of the Exchequer 1675, 
from Aubrey to Anthony Wood, dated Justice of the Common Pleas 1678- 
June 26, 1683. J 679. 

io Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

He went from London the Monday before ; came home 
Tuesday ; ill that night. Thursday pretty well. Fell ill 
again of an intermitting fever and died. 


1 Anthony Wood notes : ' you do not set downe the yeare that Mr. Johnson 
died.' In 1683 Whitmonday fell on May 28. The reversion of the Master- 
ship of the Rolls was granted to Johnson Aug. 15, 1667, but Sir Harbottle 
Grimston, appointed Nov. 3, 1660, did not die till Jan. 2, i68|. 

Inigo Jones (1573-1652). 

* Inigo Jones' monument l this tombe is on the north 
side of the church, but his bodie lies in the chancell 
about the middle. The inscription mentions that he built 
the banquetting howse and the portico at St. Paule's. Mr. 
Marshall in Fetter lane tooke away the bust, etc. here to 
his howse, which see. Quaere Mr. Oliver + de hoc. 

** Inigo Jones : vide epitaph at Mr. Marshall's. 

Mr. (John) Oliver, the city surveyor, hath all his papers 
and designes, not only of St. Paul's Cathedral etc. and the 
Banquetting-house, but his designe of all Whitehall, suite- 
able to the Banquetting house ; a rare thing, which see. 

Memorandum : Mr. Emanuel Decretz (serjeant painter 
to King Charles ist) told me in 1649, that the catafalco of 
King James at his funerall (which is a kind of bed of state 
erected in Westminster abbey, as Robert, earl of Essex, 
had, Oliver Cromwell, and general Monke) was very 
ingeniosely designed by Mr. Inigo Jones, and that he 
made the 4 heades of the Cariatides (which bore up the 
canopie) of playster of Paris, and made the drapery of 
them of white callico, which was very handsome and very 
cheap, and shewed as well as if they had been cutt out of 

white marble. 


1 Aubrey gives a drawing of the monument. It is a rectangular stone, 
having the inscription on the front; at one end 'the banquetting-howse at 
Whitehall in bas relieve,' at the other ' west end of St. Paule's in bas relieve.' 
On the top, his bust, in the middle, and at each end a pinnacle. In MS. 
Wood F. 39, fol. 163, on Jan. 27, 167^, Aubrey notes that the inscription is 
' yet legible, notwithstanding the fire.' 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 19. ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 20. 

Thomas Jones. Ben Jon son n 

Thomas Jones (16 1682). 

* ... Jones, B.D., obiit at the house of (Francis) Charl- 
ton, esq. ; buried the 8th of October, Sunday, 1682, at 
East Barnet in Middlesex : [student a sometime of Ch. Ch. ; 
master . . . ]. 

Ben Jonson (1574-1637). 

** Mr. Benjamin Johnson l , Poet Laureat ; I remember 

when I was a scholar at Trin. Coll. Oxon. 1646, I heard 

Dr. Ralph Bathurst 2 (now deane of Wells) say that Ben 

Johnson was a Warwyckshire man sed quaere. J Tis 

agreed that his father was a minister ; and by 

t In his dedica- B J 

his e P istle dedicat.f of 'Every Man . . .' to 
Mr> William Camden that he was a West- 

ciarencaS'-- m i nster scholar and that Mr. W. Camden was 

^oAhTse his school-master. 

Seb c enefi s t u s ffer [Anthony b Wood in his Hist, (et Antiq. 
Univ. Oxon.}, lib. 2, p. 273, sayes he was 
borne in Westminster: that (at riper yeares) 
after he had studied at Cambridge he came 
of his owne accord to Oxon and there entred 

Aubr.8, himselfe j n Ch Ch< and tooke his Master's 

degree in Oxon (or conferred on him) anno 1619.] 

His mother, after his father's death, maried a brick- 
layer ; and 'tis generally sayd that he wrought sometime 
with his father-in-lawe c (and particularly on the garden- 
wall of Lincoln's Inne next to Chancery-lane from old 
parson (Richard) Hill, of Stretton, Hereff., 1646), and 

that , a knight, a bencher, walking thro' and hearing 

him repeat some Greeke verses out of Homer, discoursing 
with him, and finding him to have a witt extraordinary, 
gave him some exhibition to maintaine him at Trinity 
college in Cambridge, where he was (quaere). 

* MS. Aubr. 23, a slip at fol. IO3 V . M.A. Feb. 20, 165^. He was not B.D. 
a The words in square brackets are ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 108. 

scored out, being in error. The b The note in square brackets is 

reference is to Thomas Jones, in- a later, marginal addition, 
truded Fellow of Univ. Coll. 1649, c i. e. step-father. 

12 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives* 

Then he went into the Lowe-countreys, and spent some 
time (not very long) in the armie a , not to the disgrace 
of . . ., as you may find in his Epigrammes. 

Then he came over into England, and acted and wrote, 
but both ill, at the Green Curtaine, a kind of nursery or 
obscure playhouse, somewhere in the suburbes (I thinke 
towards Shoreditch or darken well) from J. Greenhill. 

Then he undertooke againe to write a playe, and did 
hitt it admirably well, viz. ' Every man . . .' which 
was his first good one. 

Serjeant John Hoskins, of Herefordshire, was his father. 
I remember his sonne (Sir Bennet Hoskins, baronet, who 
was something poeticall in his youth) told me, that when 
he desired to be adopted his son : ' No/ sayd he, ' 'tis 
honour enough for me to be your brother; I am your 
father's son, 'twas he that polished me, I doe acknow- 
ledge it.' 

He was (or rather had been) of a clear and faire skin ; 
his habit was very plaine. I have heard Mr. Lacy, the 
player, say that he was wont to weare a coate like a coach- 
man's coate, with slitts under the arme-pitts. He would 
many times exceed in drinke (Canarie was his beloved 
liquour) : then he would tumble home to bed, and, when 
he had thoroughly perspired, then to studie. I have seen 
his studyeing chaire, which was of strawe, such as old 
woemen used, and as Aulus Gellius is drawen in. 

When I was in Oxon, bishop Skinner (of Oxford), who 
lay at our College, was wont to say that he understood 
an author as well as any man in England. 

He mentions in his Epigrammes a sonne that he had, 
and his epitaph. 

Long since, in King James' time, I have heard my 
uncle Danvers say (who knew him), that he lived with- 
out Temple Barre, at a combe- maker's shop, about the 
Elephant and Castle. In his later time he lived in West- 
minster, in the house under which you passe as you goe 
out of the churchyard into the old palace ; where he dyed. 

a Subst. for ' war.' 

Ben Jonson 13 

He lies buryed f in the north aisle in the path of square 
t Ben Johnson stone (the rest is lozenge), opposite to the 
scutcheon a of Robertas de Ros, with this in- 
scription only on him, in a pavement square, of 
scutcheonof he blew marble, about 14 inches square, 
Ros, e un u d s er e the Q RARE BENST IOHNSON 

middle walke or 

which was donne at the chardge of Jack 
o RARE^BEN Young (afterwards knighted) who, walking there 
w ^ en t ^ ie g rave was covering, * gave the fellow 
eighteen pence to cutt it. 
f His motto before his (bought) bookes was, 

Tanquam Explorator. I remember 'tis in Seneca's Epistles. 

He was a favourite of the Lord Chancellor Egerton, 
as appeares by severall verses to him. In one he begges 
his lordship to doe a friend of his a favour. 

'Twas an ingeniose remarque of my lady Hoskins, that 
B. J. never writes of love, or if he does, does it not 

He killed Mr. . . . Marlow, the poet, on Bunhill, comeing 
from the Green-Curtain play-house. From Sir Edward 

** Ben Johnson : Ben Jonson had 50 It. per annum 
for ... yeares together to keepe off Sir W. Wiseman of 
Essex from being sheriff. At last king James prickt him, 
and Ben came to his majestic and told him he ' had prickt 
him to the heart' and then explaynd himselfe (innuendo 
Sir W. W. being prickt sheriff) and got him struck off. 

Vide his Execration against Vulcan. Vide None-such- 
Charles. When B. J. was dyeing king Charles sent him 
but X //. Quaere T. Shadwell pro notes of B. J. from the 
duke of Newcastle ; and also quaere Thomas Henshawe 
(as also de saxis in Hibernia). Quaere my lord Clifford 
of the gentleman that cutt the grasse under Ben J onsen's 

a Aubrey tricks it in the margin, b Aubrey generally spells the name 

'argent, 3 water bougets gules.' In Johnson. Here the H is scored out, as 

MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 5 V , is the note: also are the words in square brackets. 

' Ben Johnson is just opposite Rober- * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. io8 v . 

tus de Ros.' ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol 15. 

14 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

feet, of whom he sayd ' Ungratefull man ! I showed him 

* B. Jonson ; one eye a lower then t'other and bigger. 
He tooke a catalogue from Mr. Lacy of the Yorkshire 
words b his hint to Tale of a Tub for the clownery. 

** Ben Johnson had one eie lower than t'other, and 
bigger, like Clun, the player : perhaps he begott Clun. He 
tooke a catalogue from Mr. Lacy (the player) of the York- 
shire dialect c . 'Twas his hint for clownery to his comoedy 
called T/ie Tale of a Tub. This I had from Mr. Lacy. 

*** King James made him write against the Puritans, 
who began to be troublesome in his time. 

A Grace by Ben Johnson, extempore, before King 

Our King and Queen, the Lord-God blesse, 

The Paltzgrave, and the Lady Besse, 

And God blesse every living thing 

That lives, and breath's, and loves the King. 

God bless the Councell of Estate, 

And Buckingham, the fortunate. 

God blesse them all, and keepe them safe, 

And God blesse me, and God blesse Raph. 

The king was mighty enquisitive to know who this 
Raph was. Ben told him 'twas the drawer at the 
Swanne tavernne, by Charing-crosse, who drew him 
good Canarie. For this drollery his majestic gave him 
an hundred poundes. 

**** This account 3 1 received from Mr. Isaac Walton (who 
wrote Dr. John Donne's &*c. Life], Decemb. 2, 1680, he 
being then eighty-seaven years of age. This is his owne 
hand writing. 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 45*. to Aubrey by John Lacy. 

a This note comes after the note b Subst. for dialect.' 

about W. Beeston (vol. i. p. 97), ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 54. 

which ended ' Quaere etiam for Ben c Dupl. with c words.' 

Jonson.' This note about Jonson's *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 55. 

eyes may therefore come from that **** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. io; v . 
' chronicle of the stage,' as reported 

Ben Jonson 15 

* Ffor yo r ffriend's que. this : 

I only knew Ben Johnson : but my lord of Winton 
knew him very well, and says he was in the 6, that is the 
vpermost fforme in Westminster scole. At which time 
his father dyed, and his mother marryed a brickelayer, 
who made him (much against his will) to help him in his 
trade. But in a short time, his scole maister, Mr. Camden, 
got him a better imployment, which was to atend or 
accompany a son of Sir Walter Rauleyes in his travills. 
Within a short time after their returne, they parted (I 
think not in cole bloud) and with a loue sutable to what 
they had in their travills (not to be comended) ; and then, 
Ben began to set up for himselfe in the trade by which 
he got his subsistance and fame. Of which I nede not 
giue any account. He got in time to haue a 100 li. a yeare 
from the king, also a pention from the Cittie, and the 
like from many of the nobilitie, and some of the gentry, 
w h was well payd for loue or fere of his raling in verse 
or prose, or boeth. My lord of Winton told me, he told 
him he was (in his long retyrement, and sicknes, when he 
saw him, which was often) much aflickted that hee had 
profain'd the scripture, in his playes ; and lamented it with 
horror ; yet, that at that time of his long retyrement, his 
pentions (so much as came yn) was giuen to a woman that 
gouern'd him, with whome he Hud and dyed nere the Abie 
in West minister ; and that nether he nor she tooke much 
care for next weike, and wood be sure not to want wine ; 
of which he vsually tooke too much before he went to bed, 
if not oftner and soner. My lord tells me, he knowes not, 
but thinks he was borne in Westminster. The question 
may be put to Mr. Wood very easily vpon what grownds 
he is positiue as to his being borne their ? he is a friendly 
man and will resolue it. So much for brave Ben. You 
will not think the rest so tedyus, as I doe this. 

Ffor yo r 2 and 3 que. of Mr. Hill and Bilingsley, I doe 
nether know, nor can learn any thing worth teling you. 

** For y r two remaining que. of Mr. Warner and Mr. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 107. ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 107 \ 

1 6 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Harriott, this : Mr. Warner did long and constantly lodg 
nere the water-stares or market in Woolstable (Woolstable 
is a place or lane not far from Charing Crosse, and nerer 
to Northumberland howse). My lord of Winchester tells 
me he knew him, and that he saide he first fownd out the 
cerculation of the blood, and discover' d it (to) Do r Haruie 
(who said that 'twas he (himselfe) that found it), for which 
he is so memorably famose. Warner had a pention of 
40 li. a yeare from that earle of Northumberland that lay 
so long a prisner in the Towre, and som alowance from Sir 
Tho. Alesbery with whome he vsually spent his sumer in 
Windesor park, and was welcom, for he was harmless and 
quet. His winter was spent at the Wolstable, where he 
dyed in the time of the Parliament of 1640, of w ch , or 
whome, he was no louer. 

Mr. Harriott ; my lord tells me, he knew him also : that 
he was a more gentile man, then Warner. That he had 
120/2. a yeare pention from the said earle (who was a louer 
of ther studyes) and his lodging in Syon howse, where he 
thinks, or beliues, he dyed. 

This is all I know or can learne for yo r friend ; which 
I wish may be worth the time and treble of reading it. 

J. W. 

Nou er . 22, 80. 

I forgot to tell, that I heard the sermon preacht for the 
lady Danuers, and have it : but thanke y r ffriend. 


1 An anecdote of Ben Jonson (possibly from some Book of Jests) is commu- 
nicated to me by Professor York Powell as still current in Oxford in oral 
tradition : 

' One day as Ben Jonson was working at his first trade a fine lady passed 
and greeted him 

'' A line and a trowel 
Guide many a fool: 

Good morning, Ben ! " 
"In silk and scarlet 
Walks many a harlot : 

Good morning, Madam ! " 
answered the poet.' 

2 Aubrey, writing Aug. 7, 1680, in Wood MS. F. 39, fol. 343, says : ' Pray 
ask the deane of Welles what countreyman Ben Johnson was. To my best 

John Kersey. Ralph Kettell 17 

remembrance I heard him say (1648) Warwickshire ; and I have heard some 
say that he was of Trinity College Cambridge.' 

3 This is an autograph letter by Izaak Walton, with a heading (here in 
italic) added by Aubrey. 

John Kersey (1616-167-?). 

* John Kersey, borne at Bodicot in Oxfordshire neer 
Banbury, anno domini 1616. Scripsit ; Arithmetique, 
8vo ; and two volumes of Algebra, folio. 

Obiit in Shandos street, London, neer St. Martin's lane, 
anno domini 167-. He died of a consumption. 

He did survey. 

Ralph Kettell (1563-1643). 

** Ralph Kettle, D.D., praeses Coll. Trin. Oxon., was 
borne at (King's Langley) in Hertfordshire. 

The lady Elizabeth Pope brought him in to be a 
scholar of the house at eleaven yeares of age 1 (as I have 
heard Dr. Ralph Bathurst say). 

I have heard Dr. Whistler a say that he wrote good Latin, 
and Dr. Ralph Bathurst (whose grandmother, . . . Villers, 
he maried), that he scolded the best in Latin of any one 
that ever he knew. He was of an admirable healthy 

He dyed a yeare + after I came to the Colledge, and 
he was then a good deale above 80 (quaere aetatem), and he 
had then a fresh ruddy complexion. He was a very tall 
well growne man. His gowne and surplice and hood being 
on, he had a terrible gigantique aspect, with his sharp 
gray eies. The ordinary gowne he wore was a russet 
cloath gowne. 

He was, they say, white b very soon ; he had a very 
venerable presence, and was an excellent governour. One 
of his maximes of governing was to keepe-downe the 
t Tis Seneca's juveuilis impetus f. Hewas chosen President 
expression. anno D om mi <i59f> the second after the 
foundation of the College. 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. i4 v . a See sub nomine, Daniel Whistler. 

** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 57. b Subst. for 'gray.' 

II. C 

1 8 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

He was a right Church of England man, and every 
Tuesday, in terme time, in the morning, the undergraduates 
(I have forgott if baccalaurs) were to come into the chapell 
and heare him expound on the 36 Articles a of the Church 
of England. I remember he was wont to talke much 
of the rood-loft, and of the wafers : he remembred those 
times. On these dayes, if any one had committed a fault, 
he should be sure to heare of it in the chapell before 
his fellow collegiates. 

(On b these days, he would be sure to) have at him 
that had a white cap on ; for he concluded him to have 
been drunke, and his head to ake. Sir c John Denham 
had borrowed money of Mr. Whistler, the recorder d , and, 
after a great while, the recorder askt him for it again. 
Mr. Denham laught at it, and told him he never 
intended that. The recorder acquainted the President, 
who, at a lecture in the chapell, rattled him, and told him, 
'Thy father/ (judge 6 ) ' haz hanged many an honester man.' 
In my time, Mr. Anthony Ettrick and some others frighted 
a poor young freshman of Magd. Hall with conjuring, 
which when the old Dr. heard of : on the next Tuesday, sayd 
he, 'Mr. Ettrick 1 who is a very little man 'will conjure 
up a jackanapes to be his great-grand-father/ 

He sawe how the factious in religion in those dayes 
drew, and he kept himselfe unconcerned. W. Laud, 
archbishop of Canterbury, sent him one time a servant 
of his with venison, which the old Dr. with much earnestnes 
refused, and sayd that he was an old man, and his stomach 
weake, and he had not eaten of such meate in a long time, 
and by no meanes would accept of it ; but the servant 
was as much pressing it on him on the other side, and 
told the President that he durst not carry it back f againe. 
Well, seing there was no avoyding it, the President asked the 

* '36* in MS., with 'quaere' in c Dupl. with ' Mr.' 

the margin; Aubrey having forgot d John Whistler, recorder of Oxford 

the number. City. 

b The remainder of the paragraph e Sir John Denham, Chief Justice 

is in the margin of the MS., an of the King's Bench in Ireland, 1612. 

amplification of the preceding sentence. f Subst. for ' returne it.' 

Ralph Kettell 19 

servant seriously, if the archbishop of Canterbury intended 
to putt in any scholars or fellowes a into his College ? 

Mr one of the fellowes (in Mr. Francis 

Potter's time) was wont to say, that Dr. Kettel's braine 
was like a hasty -pudding, ivhere there was memorie, judge- 
ment, and phancy all stirred together. He had all these 
faculties in great measure, but they were all just so 
jumbled together. If you had to doe with him, taking 
him for a foole, you would have found in him great 
subtilty and reach : ^ contra, if you treated with him as 
a wise man, you would have mistaken him for a foole. A 
neighbour of mine (Mr. La(urence) St. Low 2 ) told me 
he heard him preach once in St. Marie's Church, at Oxon. 
He began thus : ' being my turne to preach in this place, 
I went into my study to prepare my selfe for my sermon, 
and I tooke downe a booke that had blew strings, and 
look't in it, * and 'twas sweet Saint Bernard. I chanced to 
read such a part of it, on such a subject, which haz made 

me to choose this text .' I know not whether this was 

the only time or no that he used this following way 
of conclusion : ' But now I see it is time for me to shutt 
up my booke, for I see the doctors' men come-in wiping 
of their beardes from the ale-house.' (He could from the 
pulpit plainly see them, and 'twas their custome in sermon 
to go there, and about the end of sermon to returne to 
wayte on their masters). 

He had two wives, if not three, but no child (quaere). 
His second wife was a Villiers, or rather (I thinke) the 
widowe of ... Villers, esq., who had two beautifull daugh- 
ters, co-heires. The eldest, whom severall of good estate '' 
would gladly have wedded, he would needs dispose of 
himselfe, and he thought nobody so fitt a husband for 
this angelique creature as one Mr. Bathurst, of the 
College, a second brother, and of about 300 li. per annum, 
but an indifferent scholar, red fac'd, not at all handsome. 

a Laud had done this at All Souls, b Subst. for ' severall good gentle- 

where he was Visitor. men.' 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 57*. 

C 1 

20 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

But the Doctor's fashion was to goe up and down the 
college, and peepe in at the key-holes to see whether 
the boyes did follow their books or no. He seldome 
found Bathurst minding of his booke, but mending of 
his old doublet or breeches. He was very thrifty and 
penurious, and upon this reason he caried away this 
curious creature. But she was very happy in her issue; 
all her children were ingeniose and prosperous* in the 
world, and most of them beautifull. 

About (neer 70 yeares since, I suppose,) one 

Mr. Isham (elder brother to Sir Justinian Isham), a gentle- 
man-commoner of this howse, dyed of the small pox. 
He was a very fine gentleman, and very well beloved by all 
the colledge, and several 1 of the fellowes would have 
preacht his funerall sermon, but Dr. Kettle would not 
permitt it, but would doe it himselfe ; which the fellowes 
were sorry for, for they knew he would make a ridiculous 
piece of worke of it. But preach the Dr. did : takes a 
text and preaches on it a little while ; and then takes 
another text, for the satisfaction of the young gentleman's 
mother ; and anon he takes another text, for the satis- 
faction of the young gentleman's grandmother. When 
he came to the panegyrique, sayd he, ' He was the finest, 
swet b young gentleman ; it did doe my heart good to see 
him walke along the quadrangle. Wee have an old pro- 
verbe that Hungry dogges will eate dirty puddings ; but 
t They were I must needes say for this young gentleman, 

wont to mock , 

me with this*, that he always loved j sweet he spake it with 
a squeaking voice ' things,' and there was an end. 

He observed that the howses that had the smallest 
beer had most drunkards, for it forced them to goe into 
the town to comfort their stomachs ; wherfore Dr. Kettle 
alwayes had in his College excellent beer, not better to be 
had in Oxon ; so that we could not goe to any other 
place but for the worse, and we had the fewest drunkards 
of any howse in Oxford. 

* Subst. for ' happy.' c ? to jibe Aubrey in College for 

b i. e. sweet. having ' a sweet tooth.' 

Ralph Kettell 


He was constantly at lectures and exercises in the 
hall to observe them, and brought along with him his 
hower-glasse ; and one time, being offended at the 
boyes. he threatned them, that if they would not doe 
their exercise better he 'would bring an hower-glass two 
howers long.' 

He was irreconcileable to long haire ; called them hairy 
scalpes, and as for periwigges (which were then very 
rarely worne) he beleeved* them to be the scalpes of men 
cutt off after they were hang'd, and so tanned and dressed 
for use. When he observed the scolars' haire longer then 
ordinary (especially if they were scholars of the howse), 
he would bring a paire of cizers in his muffe (which he 
commonly wore), and woe be to them that sate on the 
outside of the table 3 . I remember he cutt Mr. Radford's a 
haire with the knife that chipps the bread on the buttery- 
hatch, and then he sang (this is in the old play Henry 
VII I {'s time) of Grammar* Gurtorts needle] 

'And was not Grim the collier finely trimm'd? 

Tonedi, Tonedi.' 

' Mr. 4 Lydall,' sayd he, ' how doe you decline tondeo ? 
Tondeo, tondes, tonedi ? ' 

One time walking by the table where the Logick lecture 
was read, where the reader was telling the boyes that a 
syllogisme might be true quoad formam^ but not quoad 
materiam ; said the President (who would putt-in some- 
times), ' There was a fox had spyed a crowe upon a tree, 
and he had a great mind to have him c , and so getts under 
the tree in a hope, and layes out his tayle crooked like 
a home, thinking the crowe might come and peck at it, 
and then he would seise him. Now come we ' (this d 
was his word), ' I say the foxe's tayle is a home : is this 
a true proposition or no ? ' (to one of the boyes). ' Yes/ 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 58. * grandmother.' 

a See sub nomine, William Rad- c Subst. for ' this crowe.' 

ford. d i. e. he had a trick of using the 

b Aubrey always writes the word expression ' now come we.' 

so, probably as a contraction for 

22 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

sayd he (the Dr. expected he should have sayd No ; for 
it putt him out of his designe) ; * Why then,' said he, ' take 
him and toot him ' ; and away he went. 

He dragg'd with one (i. e. right a ) foot a little, by which 
he gave warning (like the rattlesnake) of his comeing. 
Will. Egerton (Major-Generall Egerton's younger brother), 
a good witt and mimick. would goe so like him, that some- 
time he would make the whole chapell rise up, imagining 
he had been entring in. 

As they were reading of inscribing and circumscribing 
figures, sayd he, ' I will shew you how to inscribe a triangle 
in a quadrangle. Bring a pig into the quadrangle, and 
I will sett the colledge dog at him, and he will take the 
pig by the eare ; then come I and take the dog by the 
tayle, and the hog by the tayle, and so there you have 
a triangle in a quadrangle ; quod er at faciendum! 

He preach't every Sunday at his parsonage at Garsington 
(about 5 miles off). He rode on his bay gelding, with 
his boy Ralph before him, with a leg of mutton (commonly) 
and some colledge bread. He did not care for the countrey 
revells, because they tended to debauchery. Sayd he, at 
Garsington revell, ' Here is Hey for Garsington 1 and 
Hey for Cuddesdon! and HeyHockly ! but here's nobody 
cries, Hey for God Almighty ! ' 

Upon Trinity Sunday (our festival day) he would 
commonly preach at the Colledge, whither a number of 
the scholars of other howses would come, to laugh at 
him. In his prayer (where he was of course to remember 
Sir Thomas Pope, our founder, and the lady Elizabeth 
his wife, deceasd), he would many times make a willfull 
mistake, and say, ' Sir Thomas Pope our Confounder b ,' 
but then presently recall himselfe. 

He was a person of great charity. In his college, where 
he observed diligent boyes that he ghessed had but a 
slender exhibition from their friends, he would many times 
putt money in at their windowes ; that his right hand 

a Scored out, Aubrey apparently doubting whether it was, or was not, the 
right foot. i> for ' co-fouuder.' 

Ralph Kettell 23 

did not know what his left did. * Servitors that wrote 
good hands he would sett on worke to transcribe for him 
and reward them generosely, and give them good advise. 
Mris. Howe, of Grendon, sent him a present of hippocris, 
and some fine cheese-cakes, by a plain countrey fellow, 
her servant. The Dr. tastes the wine : ' What,' sayd 
he, ' didst thou take this drinke a out of a ditch ? ' and 
when he saw the cheese-cakes : ' What have we here, 
crinkum, crankum ? ' The poor fellow stared on him, and 
wondered at such a rough reception of such a handsome 
present ; but he shortly made him amends with a good 
dinner and halfe-a-crowne. The parsonage of Garsington 

(which belongs to the college) is worth per 

annum, and this good old Doctor, when one of his parish b , 
that was an honest industrious man, happened by any 
accident to be in decay and lowe in the world, would 
let his parsonage to him for a yeare, two, or three, fourty 
pounds a yeare under value. 

In his younger yeares he had been chaplain to (Thomas) 
Bilson, bishop of Winton. 

In August, 1 642, -the lord viscount Say and Scale came 
(by order of the Parliament) to visit the colleges, to see 
what of new Popery they could discover in the chapells. 
In our chapell, on the backside of the skreen, had been 
two altars (of painting well enough for those times, and 
the colours were admirably fresh and lively). That on 
the right hand as you enter the chapell was dedicated 
to St. Katharine, that on the left was of the taking our 
Saviour off from the crosse. My lord Say sawe that this 
was donne of old time, and Dr. Kettle told his lordship 
' Truly, my Lord, we regard them no more then a dirty 
dish-clout ' ; so they remained untoucht, till Harris's time c , 
and then were coloured over with green. The windowes 
of the chapell were good Gothique painting, in every 
columne a figure; e.g. St. Cuthbert, St. Leonard, St. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 58*. c Robert Harris, intruded President 

a Subst. for ' bring this liqueur.' of Trinity, 1648-1658. 

b Subst. for ' when a neighbour.' 

24 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Oswald. I have forgott the rest. 'Tis pitty they should 
be lost. I have a note of all the scutcheons in glasse 
about the house. 'Twas pitty Dr. Bathurst tooke the 
old painted glasse out of the library. Anciently, in the 
chapell, was a little organ over the dore of the skreen. 
The pipes were, in my time, in the bursery. 

* Memorandum : till Oxford was surrendred we sang 
the reading psalmes on Sundayes, holy-dayes, and holy-day 
eves ; and one of the scholars of the house sang the ghospell 
for the day in the hall, at the latter end of dinner, and con- 
cluded, Sic desinit Evangelism secundum beatum Johannem 
(or etc.) : tn autem^ Domine^ miserere nostri. 

He (Kettle) sang a shrill high treble ; but there was 
one (J. Hoskyns 5 ) who had a higher, and would play the 
wag with the Dr. to make him straine his voice up to his. 

** Memorandum : there was in my time a rich pall a 
to lay on a coffin, of crimson velvet, with a large plaine 
crosse on it of white silke or sattin. 

*** 'Tis probable this venerable Dr. might have lived 
some yeares longer, and finisht his century, had not those 
civill warres come on : which much grieved him, that was 
wont to be absolute in the colledge, to be affronted and 
disrespected by rude soldiers. I remember, being at the 
Rhetorique lecture in the hall, a foot-soldier came in and 
**** brake his hower-glasse. The Dr. indeed was just stept 
out, but Jack Dowch 6 pointed at it. Our grove was the 
Daphne for the ladies and their gallants to walke in, and 
\ < she> lay at many times my lady Isabella Thynne t would 
Baiiioi college. make her entrey with a theorbo or lute played 

before her. I have heard her play on it in the grove 
myselfe, which she did rarely ; for which Mr. Edmund 
Waller hath in his Poems for ever made her famous. 
One may say of her as Tacitus sayd of Agrippina, 
Cuncta alia illi adfuere, praeter animum hones turn. She 
was most beautifull, most humble, charitable, etc. but she 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 57. chapel. 

** MS. Aubr. 6. fol. 59*. *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 58*. 

a i. e. belonging to the College **** MS. Aubr. 6, fol* 59. 

Ralph Kettell 25 

could not subdue one thing. I remember one time this 
lady and fine Mris. Fenshawe t (her great and 

t She was wont, . _ . , , t 

and my lady intimate friend, who lay at our college), would 

Thynne, to come . . 

to our chapeii, have a frolick to make a visitt to the President. 

mornings, halfe 

drewdBke The old Dr. quickly perceived that they came 
to abuse him; he addresses his discourse to 
Mris. Fenshawe, saying, ' Madam, your husband 7 and father 
I bred up here, and I knew your grandfather ; I know 
you to be a gentlewoman, I will not say you are a whore ; 
but gett you gonne for a very woman.' The dissolute- 
nesse of the times, as I have sayd, grieving the good 
old Doctor, his dayes were shortned, and dyed (July) 
anno Domini 1643, an d was buried at Garsington : quaere 
his epitaph. 

Seneca's scholar Nero found fault with his style, saying 
'twas arena sine cake : now Dr. Kettle was wont to say that 
' Seneca writes, as a boare does pisse,' scilicet, by jirkes. 

I cannot forget a story that Robert Skinner, lord bishop 
of Oxford, haz told us : one Slymaker 8 , a fellow of this 
College long since, a fellow of great impudence, and little 
learning the fashion was in those dayes to goe, every 
Satterday night (I thinke), to Joseph Barnes' shop, the 
bookeseller (opposite to the west end of St. Mary's), where 
the newes was brought from London, etc. this impudent 
clowne would alwayes be hearkning to people's whisperings 
and overlooking their letters, that he was much taken 
notice of. Sir Isaac Wake, who was a very witty man, 
was resolved he would putt a trick upon him, and under- 
stood that such a Sunday Slymaker was to preach at 
St. Mary's. So Sir Isaac, the Saterday before, reades 
a very formall lettre to some person of quality, that 
cardinal Baronius was turned Protestant, and was marching 
with an army of 40,000 men against the Pope. Slymaker 
hearkned with greedy eares, and the next day in his prayer 
before his sermon 9 , beseeched God * * of his infinite 
mercy and goodnesse to give a blessing to the army of 
cardinall Baronius, who was turnd Protestant, and now 
* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 59*. 

26 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

marching with an army of forty thousand men,' and so 
runnes on : he had a Stentorian voice, and thunderd it 
out. The auditors all stared and were amazed : . . . 
Abbot (afterwards bishop of Sarurn a ) was then Vice- 
cancellor, and when Slymaker came out of the pulpit, 
sends for him, and asked his name : ' Slymaker,' sayd 
he ; ' No,' sayd the Vice-cane., ' 'tis Lyemaker' 

Dr. Kettle, when he scolded at the idle young boies 
of his colledge, he used these names, viz. Turds, Tarrarags 
(these were the worst sort, rude rakells), Rascal-Jacks^ 
Blindcinques, Scobberlotchers (these did no hurt, were sober, 
but went idleing about the grove with their hands in their 
pocketts, and telling the number of the trees there, or so). 

* To make you merry I'le tell you a story that Dr. 
Henry Birket b told us tother day at his cosen (Thomas) 
Mariet's, scilicet that about 1638 or 1640 when he was 
of Trinity College, Dr. Kettle, preaching as he was wont 
to doe on Trinity Sunday, told 'em that they should keepe 
their bodies chast and holy : ' but,' said he, ' you fellows 
of the College here eate good commons and drinke good 
double-beer . . . and that will gett-out.' How would the 
good old Dr. have raunted and beat-up his kettle-drum, 
if he should have seen such luxury iri the College as there 
is now ! Tempora mutantur. 


1 It is difficult to decide whether these personal traditions are accurate or 
not. By the College records it appears that ' Ralph Kettell, Hertfordshire, 
aged sixteen, was elected scholar of Trinity 16 June 1579.' But he may have 
been in residence earlier. He was elected fellow May 30, 1583 ; and admitted 
third president Feb. 12, 159!. He died in July, 1643. 

2 Laurence Saintloe was B.A. from Exeter College Nov. 14, 1623 : probably 
of the Saintlowes of Wiltshire. 

3 In College halls, till modern increase of numbers brought in more tables to 
block the floor, there were only the high table on the da'is, and side-tables along 
the walls of the body of the hall. The inner seats for these were often part of the 
wainscotting, and in any case there would be no passage behind them. 

a An error. Robert Abbot was * Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 

never Vice-Chancellor. His brother 400 : March 31, 1690. 

George Abbot, afterwards archbishop b Henry Birkhead, matric. at Trin. 

of Canterbury, was Vice-Chancellor 1634, act. 16 ; died 1696. 
three times, in 1600, 1603, 1605. 

Ludolph van Keulen. Richard Kit son 27 

4 John Lydall, scholar of Trinity College, June 4, 1640 : Aubrey's particular 
friend, died Oct. 12, 1657 (Clark's Wood's Life and Times, i. 229). Aubrey 
often refers to him in his letters, generally with some expression of deep sorrow. 

5 John Hoskins of Rampisham, Dorset, elected Scholar of Trinity, May 28, 
1635, aged 1 6 ; Fellow June 4, 1640. 

6 John Douch, matric. at Trin. July 5, 1639, aged 16: afterwards rector 
of Stalbridge, Dorset. 

7 John Fanshawe of Dagenham, Essex, matric. at Trin. Coll. Feb. 9, 163!, 
aged i 8. 

8 Henry Slymaker, of Oxford city, aged 18, elected Scholar of Trin. May 26, 
1592; Fellow June 13, 1598. 

9 It would be interesting to know when the 'bidding prayer' became a form, 
as it now is, and ceased to be composed for the occasion. See a notice of this 
prayer being habitually used to express personal opinions in 1637, in Clark's 
Wood's Life and Times, ii. 238. 

Ludolph van Keulen (i554?-i6io). 

* Ludolphus van Ceulin was first, by profession, a fencing- 
master ; but becomeing deafe, he betooke himselfe to the 
studie of the mathematiques wherin he became famous. 

He wrote a learned booke, printed at ... in 4to of 
the proportion of the diameter of a circle to the peripherie : 
before which is his picture, and round about it in the com- 
partiment are swords and bucklers and holberts, etc., 
weapons : the reason wherof I understood not till D r . John 
Pell gave the aforesaid account, who had it from Sir Francis 
Godolphin, who had been his scholar as to fencing and 
boarded in his house. 

He dyed at Leyden anno , . . , aetat. 56, as I remember 
(vide) ; and on his monument, according to his last will, is 
engraved the proportion abovesayd, which is ... 

Richard Kitson. 

** My lodging is at the George Inne in Little Drury 
lane, very early or late, or at other times at Mr. Samuell Eyres 
his chamber at Lincolne's Inne or at Mr. John Hancock's 
chamber in the Middle Temple Ric. Kitson. 

Direct your letter in the country to me at my house 
in Amesbury neere Salisbury, Wiltes. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 5. 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 6i T a note from Kitson himself. 

28 Aubreys 'Brief Lives 9 

I use to be at Salisbury Tuesdayes and Saturdayes 
weekely R. K. 

Richard Knolles (154 1610). 

* (The) author of the battaile of Lepanto a (was) 
hangd at Tyburne ; he was reduced to such necessity. 

The lord Burleigh, when he read (Richard) Knolls' 
Turkish history was particularly extremely pleased at the 
discription of the battail of Lepanto ; sent for Knolles, 
who told him an ingeniose young man came to him, 
hearing what he was about, and desired that he might 
write that, having been in that action. I thinke he has 
taught schoole about Sandwych. 

My lord hunted after him, and traced him from place 
to place, and at last to Newgate. He was hanged but 
a 14 night before. He unluckily lost a good opportunity 
of being preferred (from) Mr. Smyth, Magd. Coll. 

John Lacy (16 1681). 

** John Lacy, player, of the King's house, borne at ... 
neer Doncaster in Yorkshire. Came to London to the 
. . . playhouse, 1631. His master was .... Apprentice 
(as were also . . . and Isaac) to Mr. John Ogilby. 

B. Jonson tooke a note of his Yorkshire words and 
proverbes for his Tale of a Tub, several ' Gad kettlepinns ! ' 

1642 vel 3, lievetenant and quartermaster to the lord 
Gerard b . Vide Dr. Earles' Character of a Player. 

He was of an elegant shape, and fine c complexion. 

His majestic (Charles II d ) haz severall pictures of this 
famous comoedian at Windsore and Hampton Court in the 
postures of severall parts that he acted, e. g., Teag, Lord 
Vaux, the Puritan. 

He dyed of .... He made his exit on Saturday 
September i7th 1681, and was buryed in the farther 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 12. b Charles Gerard, in 1645 baron 
a Anthony Wood notes, ' The poem Gerard of Brandon, in 1679 earl of 

cal'd Lepanto was written by King Macclesfield. 
James.' Dupl. with 'good.' 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 20*. 

Edward Lane 29 

churchyard of St. Martyn's in the fields on the Monday 
following, aged . . . 

Scripsit these comoedies : that is to say, 

Edward Lane (1605-1685). 

* Edward Lane, who wrote against . . . Du Moulin l : 
the title of his booke is . . . , London, printed for W. Crooke, 
A.D. . . . 

In a letter from him to Mr. Crooke, thus, viz. : 

c As to the postscript of your letter, wherein I am desired 
to give an account of my academicall education, etc., know 
that in the yeare 1622, after I had been brought up to 
some learning in Paule's Schoole, London, I was admitted 
into St. John's Colledge, in Cambridge, where the president 
was my tutor ; and after I had duely performed all that 
was required of me both in College and Schooles, I tooke 
my degree there of Master in Arts in the yeare 1629. 
And ten yeares after that, viz. in the yeare 1639, I was 
admitted ad eundem gradum in the university of Oxford. 
In the yeare 1630, my Lord Keeper Coventrey gave (me) 
a little vicarage in Essex, called North Strobury ; and 
in the yeare 1635 his good Lordship removed me to the 
place where I now am. This I concieve is all that is 
now enquired of me by you. The Lord give me grace 
so to number my dayes that I may apply my heart better 
then I have yet donne to Spiritual Wisdome. 
Good sir, 

I am your true friend and servant, 

Sparsholt, Hants. 

Novemb. 16, 1681. 


1 In 1680 Lewis du Moulin published a pamphlet, ' Moral reflections upon 
the number of the elect, proving . . . that . . . probably not one in a million 
from Adam down to our time shall be saved.' Lane's answer appeared in the 
same year : ' Mercy triumphant : the kingdom of Christ enlarged beyond the 
narrow bounds which have been put to it by Dr. L. du Moulin . . .' 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fbl. 27*. 

30 Aubreys 'Brief Lives' 

Sir Henry Lee (1530-16 if). 

Sir Henry Lee (15 1631). 

* Sir Henry Lee of Ditchley in com. Oxon was a gentle- 
man of a good estate, and a strong and valiant person. 

He was raunger of Woodstocke parke, and (I have heard 
my old cosen Whitney say) would many times in his younger 
yeares walke at nights in the parke with his keepers. 

Sir Gerard Fleetwood succeeded him in this 
heroican n ep isties place t '> as his nephew Sir William Fleetwood 

of Michael ,. , , . , , . . , r -r. i 

nrayton-'in did him, and him the earl of Rochester. 

Rosamund's T-I r>- TT T > i , i 

time, on e< This Sir Henry Lees nephew and heire 

(whom I remember very well ; he often came 
to Sir John Danvers') was called Whip-and-aivay. The 
occasion of it was thus : this old hero declining in his 
strength by age and so not being able to be a righter 
of his owne wronges as heretofore 

Labitur occiduae per iter declive senectae. 
Subruit haec aevi demoliturque prioris 
Robora. Fletque Milo senior cum spectat inanes 
Illos, qui fuerant solidorum more tororum 
Herculeis similes, fluidos pendere lacertos. 

OVID. Metamorp. lib. xv, fab. 3 (1. 227) 
some person of quality had affronted him. So he spake 
to Sir Henry Lee his heire to lie in wayte for him about 
the Bell Inne in the Strand with halfe a dozen or more 
lustie fellowes at his back and as the partie passed along 
to give him a good blow with his cane and whip and away, 
the tall fellowes should finish the revenge. Whether 'twere 
nicety of conscience or cowardice, but Sir Henry the 
younger absolutely refused it. For which he was dis- 
inherited, and (Sir Henry the elder) setled his whole 
estate upon a keeper's sonne of Whitchwood-forest of his 
owne name, a one-eied young man, no kinne to him, from 
whom the earle of Lichfield a now is descended, as also 
the lady Norris and lady Wharton. 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 9i v . Aubrey a Sir Ed ward Henry Lee, 5th baronet 

gives the arms in trick, viz., argent, created earl of Litchfield in 1674. 
a fess between 3 crescents sable.' 

Sir Henry Lee 

He was never maried, but kept woemen to reade to him 
when he was a bed. One of his readers was parson Jones a 
his wife of Wotton. I have heard her daughter (who had 
no more witt) glory what a brave reader her mother was 
and how Sir Harry's worship much delighted to heare her. 
But his dearest deare was Mris. Anne Vavasour. He 
erected a noble altar monument of marble ({[^ see it) 
wheron his effigies in armour lay ; at the feet was the effigies 
of his mistresse Mris. Anne Vavasour. Which occasioned 
these verses : 

Here lies good old knight Sir Harry, 

Who loved well, but would not marry b . . . 

Memorandum : some bishop did threaten to have this 
monument defaced (at least to remove Mris. A. Vavasour's 

(Pedigree of the Lees of Ditchley) 

* (i) Old Sir Henry Lee c of Ditchley, com. Oxon. 

(2) Sir Henry Lee, whom they called Whip -and- aw ay, 
was cosen-german to the other Sir Henry; he dyed a 
batchelor, sine prole. 

(3) Sir Henry Lee d , m. Elenor Wortley, whose 
with one eie, a keep- mother was countesse 

er's son, adopted by of Dover, 

old Sir Henry. 

Harry 6 Lee m. (Anne) St. John, . . . daughter 
of Sir John St. John, of Lydiard 
Tregoze, Wilts; now countess 
of Rochester. 

Harry Lee f m. Anne Danvers, second daughter of 
Sir John Danvers, brother and 
heire of Henry, earl of Danby. 

(Eleanor) Lee m. James, lord Norris 
of Ricot, since earl 
of Abingdon. 

(Anne) Lee m. (Thomas) eldest son 
of the lord Wharton. 

i. Montagu, now 
lord Norris. 

2. James. 

* Thomas Johnes, instituted to 
Wootton, Dec. 8, 1609. 

b Four lines are suppressed. 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 92 : found also 
in a fragmentary jotting, in MS. Aubr. 
8, fol. 8 V . 

c K.G.; obiit 

d Obiit 1631. 

6 Sir Francis Henry Lee, obiit circ. 
1640. Henry, his elder brother, died 
in infancy. 

1 Obiit 1659. 

32 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Old Sir Henry Lee, knight of the Garter, and was 
supposed brother of queen Elizabeth. He ordered that 
all his family should be christned Harry's. 

This account I take from my lady Elizabeth viscountesse 
Purbec, the eldest daughter of Sir John Danvers, sister 
to the lady Anne Lee. 

* One-eied Lee a in. (Anne) St. John m. ( Henry >, lord Wilmot. 

<John), earl of Rochester. 
... m. { Sir Henry ) Lee nt. Anne Danvers 

earl of Litchfield b. j j 

Lady Norris. Lady Wharton. 

William Lee (15 1610). 

** Mr. William Lee, A.M., was of Oxon c (I thinke, 
Magdalen Hall l ). He was the first inventor of the weaving 
of stockings by an engine of his contrivance. He was a 
Sussex man borne, or els lived there. He was a poor 
curate, and, observing how much paines his wife tooke in 
knitting a payre of stockings, he bought a stocking and a 
halfe, and observed the contrivance of the stitch, which he 
designed in his loome, which (though some of the appendent 
instruments of the engine be altered) keepes the same to 
this day. He went into France, and there dyed before his 
loome was made there. So the art was, not long since, in 
no part of the world but England. Oliver Protector made 
an act that it should be felonie to transport this engin$. 
Vide Stowe's Chronicle and Baker's Chronicle, if any 
mention of L. This information I tooke from a weaver 
(by this engine) in Pear-poole lane, 1656. Sir John 
Hoskyns, Mr. Stafford Tyndale, and I, went purposely 

to see it. 


1 In MS. Aubr. 8. fol. 4, Anthony Wood notes:' 11 Nov. 1681 : "John 
Lee, Surrey, son of Thomas Lee, of London, gent., act. 17, 1624" (matriculated 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 93. (m. Elizabeth Pope), younger brother 

a A step is missing here : cp. the of Sir Henry Lee (m. Anne Danvers). 

preceding pedigree. ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 32. 

b This is an error. Sir Edward c An error. William Lee was of 

Henry Lee, created earl of Litchfield, Christ's College, Cambridge. 

was son of Sir Francis Henry Lee 

William Lilly 33 

at) " Aul. Magd." this I set here because one Lee is mentioned in this book, 
see page 18,' i.e. fol. 32 as above. 

William Lilly (1601-1681). 

* W. Lilly (life) donne by himselfe penes Mr. Elias 

** Mr. W. Lilly obiit at his house in Hersham, Thursday, 
June 9, and is to be buried at Walton chancel* this day, 
scil. June 10, 1681. He was borne on May day 1601 b : 
had he lived till next May he had been full fourscore. He 
setled his estate at Hersham, 200 li. per annum, on ... 
Whitlock, esqre, sonne of the Lord Commissioner Whitlock c 
(who was his great patrone). 

*** Mr. William Lilly, astrologer : he wrote his owne 
life very largely, which Elias Ashmole, esq., hath. Memo- 
randum he predicted the great comete which appeared in 
anno Domini d 168(0), in his almanack 1677, which was 
the last that he wrote himselfe with his owne hands ; for 
afterwards he fell blind. Memorandum, to bind up the 
almanack aforesayd with other 8vo pamphlets, for 'tis 
exceeding considerable. 

**** Ne oblivione contereretur urna 

Gulielmi Lillii 
astrologi peritissimi 

qui fatis cessit 
V to Idus Junii anno Christ! Juliano 


Hoc illi posuit amoris monumentum 

Elias Ashmole, 


On a black marble (good marble ; 7 li. e ) gravestone in 
the middle towards the north wall of Walton-on-Thames 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 86. *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 45*. 

** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. io\ d Nov. 1680 Jan. i68f : see Clark's 

a Subst. for ' Hersham Church.' Wood's Life and Times, ii. 503, 504. 

b '1601' is inserted by Anthony **** MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 122. 

Wood. e Aubrey's estimate of its probable 

c Bulstrode Whitelocke. cost. 
II. D 

34 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

Quaere he wrote his own life which Mr. Ashmole hath 
and is dedicated to him. 

Franciscus Linus. 

* Father Franciscus Linus, i.e. Hall, was borne in London 
which captain Robert Pugh, e Societate Jesus, assured 
me, who was his great acquaintance. 

He was of the Societie of Jesus and lived most at Liege, 
where he dyed . . . 

He writt a learned discourse, de coloribtis^ which Sir 
Kenelm Digby quotes with much praise in his philosophic. 

He printed a discourse of dialling in 4to, Latin, and 
made the Jesuits College there the finest dialls in the 
world, which are described in that booke. The like dialls 
he made (which resemble something a ... of candlesticks) 
in the garden at Whitehall, which were one night, anno 
Dni. 167- (4% as I take it), broken all to pieces (for they 
were of glasse spheres) by the earl of Rochester, lord 
Buckhurst, Fleetwood Shephard, etc., comeing in from 
their revells. ' What ! ' said the earl of Rochester, ' doest 
thou stand here to ... time ? ' Dash they fell to worke. 
Ther was a watchman alwayes stood there to secure it. 

He wrote a piece of philosophy in Latin in 8 vo, called . . . 

He had great skill in the optiques, and was an excellent 
philosopher and mathematician, and a person of exceeding 
suavity, goodnes, and piety, insomuch that I have heard 
father Manners, e Soc. Jes., say that he deserved 

Memorandum he writ a little tract, about halfe a sheet 
or not much more, of Transubstantiation, proveing it meta- 
physically and by naturall reason which I have seen. 

** Franciscus Linus (Hall), Jesuite, at Leige. He told 
me he was born in London ; see more in my memorandums 
of him to Mr. Anthony Wood. 

Sir Kenelme Digby, in his booke of bodies, in the chapter 
of colours, speakes with a very great respect of Mr. . . . Hall. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 49*. a i.e. 1674. ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 83. 

Sir Matthew Lister. Evans Lloyd 35 

He writ and published a prety little booke in 8vo (or 
lesse) of natural philosophy quaere nomen. 

Sir Matthew Lister (1564-1656). 

* Sir Matthew Lister was born at Thornton in Craven 
in Yorkshire. His nephew Martin Lister, M.D., R.S.S. a , 
from whose mouth I have this information, tells me he was 
of Oriel College in Oxon ; he thinkes he was a fellowe. 

He built that stately house at Ampthill in Bedfordshire 
(now the earle of Alesbury's). He sent for the architects 
from Italic. 

He died at Burwell neer Lowth in Lincolnshire about 
1656 or 1657, aged 92 yeares. 

He was physitian to queen Anne (queen of king James). 
See the list of the names of the physitians before the 
London dispematorie \ as I remember, he was then president 
of the Physitians' College at London. 

He printed nothing that Dr. Martin Lister knowes of 
(Sir Matthew Lister bred him up). 

** Mr. {Edmund} Wyld sayes Sir Matthew Lister built 
the house for Mary, countesse of Pembroke. He was her 
surveyour, and managed her estate b . The seat at Ampthill 
is now in the possession of the earl of Alesbury, whose 
grandfather (the earl of Elgin) bought it of the countesse 
of Pembroke. That he was president of the Physitians 
College appeares by the dedication of the London dispen- 
satory to him, being then president. 

Evans Lloyd. 

*** 1582 : Almanack, supputated specially for the eleva- 
tion and meridian of London but may generally serve for 
all England by Evans Lloyd, student in Astronomie. 

'Tis dedicated 'To the right honourable Sir Thomas 
Bromley, Lord Chancellour of England, and one of her 
majestie's most honourable privy councehV He concludes 

* MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 9 V . fol. 390: July 15, 1689. 

a i. e. F.R.S. b Dupl. with ' businesse.' 

** Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 8i T . 

D 2 

36 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

thus : ' Your honour's most humble and dutifull, Evans 
Lloyd, late student in Oriall Colledge in Oxford.' 

Martin Lluelyn (i6i6-i68i). 

* Martin Lluellyn was borne on Thursday the 12 of 
December 1616, a quarter befor n of clock in the night, 
the moon newly entred into Capricorn and near the full in 
Gemini. He was the seventh son, without any daughter 
between. He was christned on the 22 day of December 
at Litle St. Bartholomews church near Smithfeild, London: 
buried in the left chancel of Wicombe church near the wall. 

Our faith and duty, pure without allay, 

As our Apollo we our kings obey, 

To both implicit homag allways pay. 

When the God moves we seldom reasoning stand, 

But feareless march wherere he does command. 

And thus we treat all mortall majesty 

And never put the saucy question, Why? 

** He lies interred in the middle of the north aisle of 
the chancell, towards the step or elevation, of Chipping 
Wickham in the county of Bucks, under a fair black marble 

Sir James Long (1613-165!). 

*** Sir James Long, baronet : I should now be both 
orator and soldier to give this honoured friend of mine, 
' a gentleman absolute a in all numbers,' his due character. 

Only son of Sir W. L. ; borne at South Wraxhall in 
Wilts. Westminster scholar ; of Magd. coll. Oxon ; Fisher 
there. Went to France. Maried anno . . . D. b Leech, a 
most elegant beautie and witt, daughter of Sir E. L., 

* Wood MS. F. 39, fol. 381 : a Oxon.), and the coat of arms, . . . , 

communication 'from (George) a lion rampant crowned . . .; inv 

Llewellin, commoner of Merton paling, . . ., a lion rampant . . ., 

College, son of Dr. Martin Llewellin, a hand in the lyon's mouth, within 

1 8 Mar. i68.' a bordure ermine.' 

** Aubrey in Wood MS. F. 39, fol. *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 21. 

379 V : Sept.25,i686. Aubrey gives the a Ben Jonson's phrase, supra, i. p. 

inscription (printed in Wood's Ath. 232. b Dorothy. 

Richard Lovelace 37 

25 aetat. In the civill warres, colonel of horse in Sir 
Fr. Dodington's brigade. Good sword-man ; horseman ; 
admirable extempore orator pro harangue ; great memorie ; 
great historian and romanceer ; great falkoner and for horse- 
manship ; for insects ; exceeding curious and searching 
long since, in naturall things. 

Oliver, Protector, hawldng at Hownselowe heath, dis- 
coursing with him, fell in love with his company, and 
commanded him to weare his sword, and to meete him 
a hawkeing, which made the strict cavaliers look on him 
with an evill eye. 

Scripsit 'History and Causes of the Civill Warre,' or 
' Reflections ' (quaere) ; * Examination of witches at 



MS. Aubr. 3, fol. 187, is a coloured sketch by Aubrey of Sir James Long of 
Draycot and himself hawking ; fol. 189 is Aubrey's pencil drawing for it. 

Richard Lovelace (1618-1658). 
* Richard Lovelace I , esq. : he was a most beautifull 


Geminum, seu lumina, sydus, 
Et dignos Baccho digitos, et Apolline crines, 
Impubesque genas, et eburnea colla, decusque 
Oris, et in niveo mistum candore ruborem. 

OviD.Metamorph.* fab. 5 (Echo), lib. III. 

Obiit in a cellar in Long Acre, a little before the 
restauration of his majestic. Mr. Edmund Wyld, etc.. 
have made collections for him, and given him money. 

One of the handsomst men of England. He was of ... 
in Kent, 500 li. per annum and + (quaere E. W.). 
t Lucasta, He was an extraordinary handsome man, but 

Posthumous ITT 11 i r jo 

Poems of prowd. He wrote a poem called Lucasta j, ovo, 

Lovelace, esq., printed London by Thomas Harper to be sold 

with verses of 

severaiiofhis at the Gun in Ivy lane, i64Q b . 

friends on him : 

8vo. He was of Glocester hall c , as I have been told. 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 9. c Matric. June 27, 1634, aged 16: 

a Ovid. Metam. iii. 420-423 : eldest son of William, ' armiger/ of 

fabula VI Narcissus. Woolwich, Kent. 
b In error for 1659. 

38 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

He had two younger brothers, viz. colonel Francis 
Lovelace, and another brother (William) that died at 
Carmarthen (prout per poema). 

George Petty, haberdasher, in Fleet Street, carried xxj. 
to him every Monday morning from Sir . . . Many and 
Charles Cotton, esq., for ... (quaere quot) moneths, but 
was never repayd 2 . 


1 In MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 5, is the note : ' Let me see colonel Lovelace's life 
to insert some verses ; ' i. e. Aubrey asks back from Anthony Wood MS. Aubr. 
8, to insert ' some verses.' This seems not to have been done, unless they be 
those quoted from Ovid. 

' 2 The meaning seems to be that these two commissioned Petty to pay 
Lovelace a weekly allowance, but never re-paid him. Is ' Sir . . . Many ' 
Sir John Mennis ? George Petty was a distant connexion of Anthony Wood : 
Clark's Wood's Life and Times, i. 35. 

Cyprian Lucar. 

* Mr. Cyprian Lucar l published a very profitable 
treatise in 4to for young beginners in the Mathematicks, 

' Lucar solace, divided into fower bookes, which in part 
are collected out of diverse authors in diverse languages, 
and in part devised by Cyprian Lucar, gentleman. Im- 
printed at London by Richard Field anno Domini 1590.' 

It is dedicated ' to the right worshipfull his brother-in-law 
Maister William Roe, esquier, and alderman of the 
honorable citie of London.' This dedicatory epistle is 
a well writ and close stile. He expresseth himselfe short 
and cleare and to have been a publick-spirited and a good 
man as well as learned and ingenious. He dates it ' From 
my house in London the i day of May in the yeare of 
the creation of the world 5552, and in the yeare of our 
redemption 1590.* 

The contents of the four bookes of Lucar Solace : 

'The first book containeth definitions of divers words 
and terms, names and lengthes of divers English measures, 
the true difference between an acar of land measured 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 77. 

Cyprian Lucar 39 

with a pearch of 12 foot, 18 foot, 20 foote, or 24 foote 
in length, and an acar of land measured with a pearch 
of 16 foot and an halfe foote in length, names and 
types of divers geometrical instruments, names and 
dwelling places of workmen which can make and doe 
sell such instruments, meanes to discerne whether or no 
the edge of a ruler is right, and infallible instructions by 
which an ingenious reader may readily measure upon any 
smooth table, drummes head, stoole or other superficies 
measurable lengths, bredthes, heights, and depthes, apply 
known lengthes, bredthes, heights, and depthes to many 
good purposes, know recorded heighthes, lengthes, and 
bredthes of some famous monuments in Sarum, in West- 
minster and in the honorable citie of London, know the 
antiquitie of the sayd citie of London, draw the true plat 
of any place, make a fit scale for any platt or mappe, 
reduce many plats into one fair mappe, reduce a mappe 
from a bigge forme to a lesse forme, and from a lesse 
forme to a bigge forme, and learne to know the commodities 
and discommodities of places. 

* ' The second book sheweth how an ingenuous person 
may measure a right-lined distance between any two 
places described in a mappe, how he may measure the 
circuite and superficiall content of any described peece of 
land, how he may find the centre of any polygonon 
equiangle figure, how he may find the center of any circle, 
how he may make by a part of the circumference the 
whole circumference agreeing unto that part, how he may 
bring any right lined figure into triangles and how he may 
know what number of angles in a right-lined figure are 
equall to any certain number of right angles. 

' The third book instructeth the reader to make any 
triangle, square, or long-square, to erect a plumbe line 
upon any part or point of a line, to divide any circle into 
divers numbers of equall parts, to make any polygonon 
equiangle figure, to make an egge-forme figure, to know 
when a figure is inscribed within another figure or circum- 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 84. 

40 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

scribed about another figure, to inscribe certain rightlined 
figures within certain other rightlined figures, to circum- 
scribe certain rightlined figures about certain other right- 
lined figures, to divide a right line into so many equall parts 
as he will, to tell whether a thing seen afar off doth stand 
still, goe from him, or come towards him, to draw a line 
equall to any assigned arch-line or to the whole circum- 
ference of any assigned circle or to any assigned part of 
a circle, to draw a circular line equall to any assigned right 
line, to separate, lay out, and inclose within a long square, 
one, two or three acars of land by diverse waies from any 
peece of ground adjoyning, to change a figure of one forme 
into an equall figure of another appointed forme, to make 
a right line angle equall to a right line angle given, to 
draw a parallel to a right line given, and to cube any 
assigned sphere. 

' The fourth booke teacheth the reader to know fruitfull 
barren and minerall grounds, grovvthes ages and solid 
contents of trees, and where a good air is. It doth also 
teach the reader to build for the preservation of health, to 
make a tunnell of a chimney so as no smoak shall annoy 
him in his house, to fell timber and make sound boords 
for buildings, to sink a well in due time and in a place 
where water may be found, and to know whether a new 
found spring of water will drie up in a hot and dry 
summer ; also it sheweth how water in a shallow well is 
more wholesome than water in a deep well, how every 
well ought to be uncovered * and often times drawn drie, 
how the use of water is necessary, how divers sorts of 
water have divers qualities, how there are divers meanes 
to trie among many sorts of water which water is best, 
how great store of water may be thrown out of a new- 
devised squerte upon any fired house or other thing, how 
water may be brought in pipes or in gutters within the 
ground to any appointed sesterne, how the depth of any 
sea may be found, how the force of running waters which 
weare away land may be broken ; how wet grounds and 
* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 84*. 

Henry Lyte 41 

bogges may be drained, and how by the art taught in 
these 4 bookes the ingenuous reader may devise new 
workes, strange engins and instruments not only for private 
pleasure but also for sundry purposes in the common- 

Memorandum : in the XXIII chapter of the third 
booke of Lucar Solace, in the beginning of the chapter, 
he quotes the 67 chapter of his booke jj^ 31 intituled Lucar 
appendix, which I never saw. 


1 Aubrey gives in trick the coat, ' . . . , a chevron between 3 trefoils slipped 
. . . , a crescent for difference,' and then scores it out, adding ' this is Roe's 
coate.' Then he has given as Lucar's coat : ' . . ., a chevron between 3 
nags' heads erased bridled . . .; quartering, ... a fess nebule, in chief a 
lion's head erased between 2 mascles, in base a mascle.' He adds that the 
motto is ' In spe,' and ' the crest is a lure for a hawke held in one's hand.' 
Cyprian Lucar, of London, adm. probationer of New College, Dec. 20, 1561, 
and adm. Fellow July 25, 1563, vacated his fellowship in 1565. Mark 
Lucar, probably his brother, of St. Botolph's parish, London, was admitted 
prob. of New Coll., Aug. 16, 1570; Fellow March 30, 1572, resigned 1575; 
and took B.A. on May 24, 1574. 

Henry Lyte (i529(?)-i6o;). 

* I will enquire at Lyte's-Cary when Henry Lyte a , esq., 
dyed. He translated Dodantus' Herball^ and writt a little 
pamphlet, which I have, called * The light of Britaine, 
being a short summary of the old English history,' 
dedicated to queen Elizabeth. 

He began the genealogy of king James, derived from 
Brute ; which his eldest son Thomas Lyte, of Lyte's-Cary 
aforesaid, finished, and presented to king James. It is 
most rarely donne and exquisitly limmed by a limmer 
all the kings' pictures, etc. King James, after it had hung 
some time at Whitehal, ordered him to have it ** again 
and to gett (it) ingraved, which was donne. Mr. Humble 
of Pope's-head alley had the plates before the fire : I hope 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. Times, iv. 281. 

141^ : Oct. 27, 1671. ** Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 

a See Clark's Wood's Life^ and 142. 

42 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

they are not lost it is most curiously donne, by Hole. 

It is as big as the greatest map of England that ever 

I sawe. Mr. Camden much admired, and at the foot writt 

6 or 8 verses with his owne hand : 

Artificemne manum laudem celebremne labores, 
Lyte, tuos : hi namque decent delectat at ilia, 

etc. which I have forgott. 

T. Lyte writt the best print hand that ever I yet sawe. 
The original^ which is now in the parlour at Lyte's-Cary, 
was writt with his hand, and limmed by a famous artist. 

* They a both lye buried in a burying place belonging 
to them in the church at Charlton Makerell in Somerset- 

** Henry Lyte lived to the age of 78, and was buried 
in the north aisle of the church of Charlton Makarell in 
Somersetshire anno 1607 which aisle belongs to Lyte's- 

Isaac Lyte (i57r- l6 )- 

*** Mr. Isaac Lyte, of Easton-Piers, my honoured grand- 
father, was born there March XIX, 1576 ; hora ignoratur. 
Baptizatus March XIX, 1576 ex registro. 

Obiit Febr. 21, 1659, die Martis b , circiter horam quartam 

Mris Israel Lyte, my honoured grandmother, died Febr. 
24, i66|, inter horas 3 et 4 P.M. 

Sir John Mandeville. 

**** 83" Captain Robert Pugh c assures me that Sir 
John Mandeville, the famous traveller, lyes buryed at Liege 
in Germany, with which note amend lib B d , where I thought 
he had been buryed at St. Alban's abbey church as 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. **** MS. Aubr. 3, fol. 217. 

i4i v - c A slip at fol. 47 of MS. Aubr. 23, 

" i. e. Henry and Thomas (obiit has the first draft of this note : 

1639?) Lyte, father and son. 'Captain Pugh assures me that Sir 

* Ibid., fol. 210: May 24, 1673. John Mandeville lies buryed at Liege 
*** MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 82. quod N. B.' 

b Tuesday. d gee vol. i. p. 65. 

Gervase Markham. Sir Henry Martin 43 

Mr. Thomas Gore told me. But I thinke I remember 
something writt of him there in a table on a pillar or wall : 
but he was there borne (as in his life). 

Gervase Markham (1568-1637). 

* Mr. . . . Markham : he wrote of husbandry and 
huswifry, 4to ; of horsemanship, 4to ; of the art of shooting 
with the long bow, 8vo ; etc. quaere. 

He was a Nottinghamshire gentleman. His brother Sir 
Gryffin Markham was servant to the emperor . . ., and 
did deserve well of him. 

This . . . Markham, the writer, dyed poor. Old Jack 
Markham (late gentleman-usher to the queen) from whom 
I have these informations told me he hath given (him) 
many a crowne. 

William Marshall (1606-16 ). 

** William Marshall, sculptor, natus Oct. 7, hora o 
min. 23 P.M., 1606. Conjunction of Mercury and Leo made 
him stammer. 

Sir Henry Martin (1562-1641). 

*** Sir Henry Martin, LL.D., was borne at Stoke-Poges 
in the countie of Bucks ; his father a copy-holder there 
of about 60/2'. per annum. He was formerly a fellow of 
New Colledg, Oxon. He left his sonrie 3000 li. per annum. 

**** H. Martyn. his father (Sir Henry) has a hand- 
some monument at Becket in Berks which he purchased of 
Sir ... Essex. 


Henry Martyn, of the parish of ' S. Michael in Basingeshall,' London, was 
adm. probationer of New College, Aug. 19, 1580, and Fellow July 6, 1582; 
vacated his fellowship in 1595. He was Judge of the Admiralty, Dean of the 
Arches, and Judge of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. Aubrey (MS. Aubr. 
8, fol. 1 2 T ) gives for his coat, 'argent, 2 bars gules, each charged with 3 besants.' 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. IO2 V . from Dr. Richard Napier's papers. 
** MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 59 : given also *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 103. 

on fol. 121 of MS. Aubr. 23, as taken **** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. I2 V . 

44 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Henry Martin (1602-1680). 

* Henry Martin, esq., son and heir of Sir Henry Martin, 
knight, Judge of the Arches, was borne at (Oxford). 

Henry, the son, was of the university of { Oxford a ); 
travelled France, but never Italic. His father found out 
a rich wife for him, whom he married something un- 
willingly. He was a great lover of pretty girles, to whom 
he was so liberall that he spent the greatest part of his 

When he had found out a maried woman b that he 
liked (and he had his emissaries, male and female, to 
looke out) he would contrive such or such a good 
bargain, 20 or 30 li. per annum under rent, to have her neer 
him. He lived from his wife a long time. If I am not 
mistaken shee was sometime distempered by his unkind- 
nesse to her. 

King Charles I had complaint against him for his 
wenching. It happened that Henry was in Hyde-parke 
one time when his majestic was there, goeing to see a race. 
The king espied him, and sayd aloud, ' Let that ugly rascall 
be gonne out of the parke, that whore-master, or els I will 
not see the sport.' So Henry went away patiently, sed 
manebat alia mente repostum. That sarcasm e raysed the 
whole countie of Berks against him c : he d was as far 
from a Puritane as light from darknesse. Shortly after 6 , 
(1641) he was chosen knight of the shire of that county, 
nemine contradicente, and proved a deadly enemy to the 

He was a great and faithfull lover of his countrey, and 
never gott a farthing by the Parliament. He was of an 
incomparable witt for reparte's ; not at all covetous ; 
humble, not at all arrogant, as most of them were ; a great 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 103. Aubrey c The king. 

gives in trick the coat, ' argent, 2 bars d Martin. The preceding clause 

gules, each charged with 3 besants.' explains why, having this character, 

a Matric. at Univ. Coll. Oct. 31, Martin took the side of the Parlia- 

1617, aged 15; took B.A. Jan. 24, ment. 
i6f . e Dupl. with ' About a year after.' 

b Subst. for ' a pretty wench.' 

Henry Martin 45 

cultor of justice, and did always in the house take the part 
of the oppressed. 

Anno 1660 he was obnoxious for having been one of the 
late king's judges, and he was in very great danger to 
have suffred as the others did (he pleaded only the king's 
Act or Proclamation at Breda, which he shewd in his 
hand), but (as he was a witt himselfe) so the lord Falkland 
saved his life by witt, saying, ' Gentlemen, yee talke here 
of makeing a sacrifice ; it was the old lawe a , all sacrifices 
were to be without spott or blemish ; and now you are 
going to make an old rotten rascall a sacrifice/ This witt 
tooke in the house, and saved his life. 

He was first a prisoner at the Tower ; then at Windsore 
(removed from thence because he was an eie-sore to his 
majestic etc.) ; from thence to Chepstowe, where he is now 
(1680). During his imprisonment his wife relieved him 
out of her joincture, but she dyed. . . . 

His stature was but midling ; his habit moderate ; his 
face not good. Sir Edward Baynton was wont to say that 
his company was incomparable, but that he would be 
drunke too soon. 

His speeches in the house were not long, but wondrous 
poynant, pertinent, and witty. He was exceeding happy 
in apt instances. He alone haz sometimes turned the 
whole house. Makeing an invective speech one time 
against old Sir Henry Vane, when he had don with him. 

(he) said, But for young Sir Harry Vane and so sate 

him downe. Severall cryed out ' What have you to say 
to young Sir Harry ? ' He rises up : Why ! if young Sir 
Harry lives to be old ; he will be old Sir Harry ! and so 
sate downe, and set b the house a laughing, as he oftentimes 
did. Oliver Cromwell once in the house called him, 
jestingly or scoffingly, * Sir Harry Martin.' H. M. rises 
and bowes, ' I thanke your majestie, I alwayes thought 
when you were king> that I should be knighted.' A 
godly member made a motion to have all profane and 
unsanctified persons expelled the Houses. H. M. stood 

B Subst. for c custome.' b ' Sate/ by a slip, in the MS. 

46 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

up and moved that all the fooles might be putt out like- 
wise, and then there would be a thin house. He was wont 
to sleep much in the house (at least dog-sleepe) : alderman 
Atkins made a motion that such scandalous members as 
slept and minded not the businesse of the house, should be 
putt-out. H. M. starts up * Mr. Speaker, a motion has 
been to turne out the Nodders ; I desire the Noddees may 
also be turnd out. 1 H. M. sayd that he had ' seen the 
Scripture fulfilld Thou hast exalted the humble and 
meeke ; thou hast filled the emptie with . . . things, and 
the rich hast thou sent emptie away.' See a pretty speech 
of his in print about the comeing in of the Scotts to assist 
and direct us. 

* Henry Martyn made the motion in the house to call 
the addressers to account (viz. those that addressed to 
Richard Cromwell, Protector, to stand by him with their 
lives and fortunes), and that all the addressers that were 
of it (of the house) might be turnd a out as enemies to the 
commonwealth of England and betrayers of their trust to 
bring in government by a single person. Had not Dick 
Cromwell sneak't away, then it is certaine that the Rump 
would have cutt-ofT his head, as I am well assurd from 
a deare friend b of mine. 

Memorandum that Dr. (John) Wilkins (who c maried 
his d aunt) was very instrumentall in perswading persons 
of quality and corporations to addresse : but what did it 

Henry Martin, esq. ; ' you e have already made your 
little less/ 

His short lettre to his cosen Stonehouse of [Radley f ] 
by Abingdon that ' if his majestic should take advice of 
his gunsmiths and powder-men he would never have 
peace ' from Sir John Lenthall : as also of his draweing 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. I2 V . recall a story about Martin. There 
a Dupl. with 'spued.' is similarly a memorandum to recall 
b Probably Edmund Wyld. an indecent story, at the foot of fol. 
c Dupl. with 'his aunt's husband.' 103 of MS. Aubr. 6. 

d i. e. Richard Cromwell's. ' Inserted by Anthony Wood. 

e Apparently a memorandum to 

Richard Martin 47 

the remonstrance of the Parliament when 'twas formed 
a commonwealth within five or six lines of the beginning 
he sayes ' restored to it's auncient goverment a of a common- 
ivealth! When 'twas read Sir Henry Vane stood up and 
repremanded and ' wondred at his impudence to affirme 
such a notorious lye.' H. M , standing up. meekely 
replied that ' there was a text had much troubled his spirit 
for severall dayes and nights of the man that was blind 
from his mother's womb b whose sight was restored c at 
last/ i. e. was restored to the sight which he should 
have had. 

* Insert the song of 

' Oliver came to the House like a spright ' etc. 

Obiit at Chepstowe, a prisoner, September . . . (about 
the middle) anno Domini 1680. 

He was very hospitable and exceeding popular in Berks, 

the whole 

t H. Martin, 

Memorandum when his study was searcht 
tne 7 found lettres t to his concubine, which was 
printed 4to. There is witt and good nature in 

evidence of reall 
natural! witt 

naturei n -MS. Becket in the parish of Shrineham, his 

Aubr. 8 fol i i. i r ^i TT i r tun -x i 

chiefe seate : in the Vale of White-horse : now 
major Wildman's. 

Richard Martin (1570-1618). 

** Richard Martin 1 was borne .... 

Insert here his picture 2 which I sent to Mr. A. 
Wood 3 . 

He was of the ancient familie of the Martins of Athel- 
minston in the countie of Dorset, a very faire seate. The 

a So Aubrey often spells it. is a figment of Martin's own, to give 

b ' Blind from his birth,' S. John point to his jest. 

ix. 2 ; ' born blind,' S. John ix. 19, * Scattered notes on fol. 103 of 

etc. Martin remembered ' lame from MS. Aubr. 6. 

his mother's womb* of Acts iii. 2. d Edited by Edmund Gayton. 

c S. John ix. 1 8, 'He had bet n blind ** Aubrey in MS. Rawl. D. 727, 

and received his sight,' seems the fol. 96. 
nearest expression. The 'restored' 

48 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

name was lost about 50 yeares since by a daughter and 
heire, who was marled to ... Bruen, who had a daughter 
and heire maried to Sir Ralph Banks, who sold it to Sir 
Robert Long (1668). In the church are severall noble 
monuments. Their crest is an ape; men use to say 
+ He was 'a Martin ape.' 

hanged for it. /r ,. . . , c 

He was kin to (In queen Elizabeth s time, one Penry of 

my great-grand- - TT . , , n i -n/r -n /r 

father. Wales wrote a bookef called Martin Mar- 

prelate ', on which there was this epigram : 

Martin the ape, the drunke, and the mad, 
The three Martins are whose workes we have had. 
If a fourth Martin comes after Martins so evill, 
He can be no man, he must be a devill.) 

He was a very handsome man, a gracefull speaker, 
facetious, and well-beloved. I thinke he dyed of a merry 

He was recorder but a moneth before his death a . 

These verses were written on his Bible : 

Ad has reliquias illustrissimi amicissimique 

Richardi Martini, Recordatoris 

Londinens., qui fato concessit 

ult Octob. 1618. 
Tu liber aeternae complectens verba salutis, 

Pignus amicitiae moestitiaeque liber, 
Fac me Martini memorem dum vivo sepulti, 
Fac memorem mortis, fac memoremque Dei. 


He is buried in the north side of the Temple church, 
where is a faire monument of him kneeling, with this 
inscription, made by his friend serjeant Hoskyns : 


Martinus jacet hie ; si nescis, caetera quaere. 
Interea tumuli sis memor ipse tui. 


Accedat totum precibus, quodcumque recedit 
Litibus, aeternum sic tibi tempus eriu 

ft Appointed in Sept. 1618, died Oct. 31, 1618. 

Richard Martin 49 

* Richard Martin a , recorder of London. 

Ben Johnson dedicates his comoedie called the Poetaster 
to him : 

' A thankefull man owes a courtesie ever, the unthanke- 
full but when he needes. For whose innocence, as for the 
author's, you were once a noble and timely undertaker to 
the greatest justice of this kingdome.' 

Died of a symposiaque excesse with his fellow- witts 4 . 
Was not recorder above a quarter of a yeare : quaere Sir 
(John) Hoskins. 


1 Aubrey gives in trick his coat : ' . . . , two bars gules ; ' and adds ' the 
crest -is an ape.' 

2 This engraved portrait is now found in MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 17. Anthony 
Wood has written at the top, ' Richard Martin, recorder of London, 1618.' 
On the back is a note by Aubrey : ' This picture Mr. John Hoskyns (now Sir 
John Hoskins, knight and baronet) gave me; grandsonne to John Hoskyns, 
Martyn's friend.' 

At the top of the picture is engraved 'Anno Dni 1620'; and round the 
picture, 'Richardus Martinus, oraculum Londinense.' There are also the 
following dedication and verses : 

' Viro illustri Lionello Cranfeildio, equiti aurato, Apothecae augustae (Guar- 
darobam magnam vulgus vocat) et pupillorum magistro majestatique, Britannicae 
e sanctioribus consiliis, Richardum (heu fata) Martinum, Chr. Brocus, Jo. 
Hoskinnius, et Hugo (heu iterum !) Hollandus, obsequii et amoris triumviratu 
nexi, Amico Amicum Amici, junctis manubus votisque sacrant. 

Princeps amorum, principum necnon amor, 

Legumque lingua, Lexque dicendi magis, 

Anglorum alumnus, praeco Virginiae ac parens, 

Generosus ortu, moribus nee degener, 

Invictus animi, corporis forma decens, 

Oriens cadente sole sol, ortu cadens, 

Magnae urbis Os, Orbis minoris corculum, 

Bono suorum natus, extinctus suo, 

Cunctisque cognitus, nee ignotus sibi, 

Hollandi amicus, nemini hostis, ni malis, 

Virtutis (heu) Martinus hie compendium. 

Hugo Hollandus Simon Passaeus sculpsit. 

flevit aureumque 
acre os exprimi 

3 Anthony Wood has written at the top of fol. 96 of the MS., ' see in 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 18. and added a note of its fulfilment, 

a Aubrey here put down a memo- ' 'tis donne,' sell, when he inserted 
randum, 'Paste on his picture here '; fol. 17 (see note 2). 
II. E 


Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Trin. Coll.'; i.e. in his own Hist, et Antiq. Univ. Oxon. (1674), lib. II. pag. 
296. Also, on a slip attached here, Wood notes : 

' Mr. Isaac of Exeter hath told me that Richard Martin, recorder of London, 
was son of Richard Martin, merchant, of Exeter: see G. i. So this last 
Richard Martin, borne in Somerset, cannot be he ; and he that was borne in 

(lib. matric. P, p. 496 (Broadgates Hall); Dec. 10, 1585, Rich. Martin, 
Devon., generosae conditionis films, act. 15) 

is too soone.' 

For the reference ' G. i.' see Clark's Wood's Life and Times, iv. 232, 233; 
and for ' lib. Matric. P,' see ibid., 136. 

4 An echo of a symposium in which this Richard Martin and other 'jolly 
companions ' took part lingers in a copy of Macaronic verses by John Hoskyns 
(see i. 416). I give them here from the copy on fol. i85 v of an old common- 
place book in Lincoln College Library. Falconer Madan, Esq., Fellow of 
Brasenose, has another old copy, with an English version, which by his 
kindness I am able to add. The title of it in the Lincoln MS. is 

' Convivium philosophicum : tentum in clauso Termini S* 1 . Michaelis in 
crastino a festi S*' Egidii in campis, authore Rodolpho Calsabro, Aeneacensi.' 

But in Mr. Madan's MS. it is headed, 

'Mr. Hoskins, his Convivium Philosophicum',' 

and this attribution of authorship is repeated at the end of the piece. 

The Convivium itself must have taken place between 1608 (Tom Coryat's 
European tour) and 1612 (Henry, Prince of Wales, died November 6). 

Quilibet si sit contentus 
Ut statutus stet conventus 

Sicut nos promisimus ; 
Signum Mitrae erit locus, 
Erit cibus, erit jocus, 


Veniet, sed lente currens, 
Christoferus vocatus Torrens b 

Et Johannes Factus c , 
Gruicampus^ et Arthurus, 
Ante coenam non pransurus, 

Veniet primo exactus. 

Robertus Equorum amicus*, 
Ne vile aestimet 1 Henricus 

Dignabitur adesse, 
Cum'cuhtsque quercianus *, 
Caligula^ occurret Janus 

Si modo sit necesse. 

Whosoever is contented 
That a number be convented 

Enough but not too many ; 
The Miter is the place decreed, 
For witty jests and cleanly feed, 

The betterest of any. 

There will come, though scarcely 

Christopherus surnamed Torrent b , 

And John ycleped Made c , 
And Arthur Meadow-pigmies' -foe A , 
To sup, his dinner will foregoe, 

Will come as soon as bade. 

Sir Robert Horse-lover the while 
Ne let Sir Henry count it vile 1 

Will come with gentle speed ; 
And Rabbit- tree-where- acorn-grows 8 
And John surnamed Little-hose^ 

Will come if there be need. 

a i. e. Sept. 2. 
b Brooke. 
d Cranefield. 

f Nevile, alluding to the family 

Donne. motto ' Ne vile velis.' g Conyoke. 

e Phillips. h John Hoskins, quasi ' hose-kin.' 

Richard Martin 

Et Richardus Guasta-stannum 
Et Ilenricus Bonum-annum b 

Et Johannes Occident* 
Et si quis desideretur 
Protinus amercietur 

Pro defaulto fourty-pence. 

Hugo Inferior- Germanus d , 
Nee indoctns nee profanus 

Ignatius arckitectus*. 
Sed jocus, nisi invitatus 
Veniet illuc Coriatus f , 

Erit imperfectus. 

Nam facete super ilium, 
Sicut malleus in anvillum, 

Unusquisque ludet. 
Coriatus cum potavit, 
Lingua peragrabit 

Nee ilium quicquam pudet. 

Puer fuit expers artis 

Et cum fabis et cum fartis 


Vir cum Scotis et cum Anglis 
Et cum scarfis et cum spanglis 

Est accommodatus. 

Si Londinum, 
Si Latinum, 

Amas, te amabit. 
Sive Graecum, 
Ille tecum 

Sir Edward Ratcliffabit, 

Hie orator aratores, 
Studens meliorare mores, 

Ubi congregavit, 
Rusticos et Corydones, 
Fatuos et moriones, 

Dis- coxcombiavit. 

Ultra littus, ultra mare, 
Per Europam Fleetstreetare, 

Res periculosa. 
Idem calceus hunc revexit, 
Eadem camisia texit, 

Res pediculosa. 

* Martin ; supra, p. 47. 

d Holland ; supra, i. p. 406. 

And Richard Pewter-waster " best 
And Henry Tivelve-month-good* at 

And John Hesperian* true. 
If any be desiderated 
He shal bee amerciated 

Forty-pence in issue. 

Hugh the Inferior -Germayne*-, 
Nor yet unlearned nor prophane 

Inego lonicke-piller e . 
But yet the number is not ri(gh)ted ; 
If Coriate 1 bee not invited, 

The jeast will want a tiller. 

For wittily on him, they say, 
As hammers on an anvil play, 

Each man his jeast may breake. 
When Coriate is fudled well, 
His tongue begins to talke pel-mel, 

He shameth nought to speake. 

A boy he was devoid of skill 
With white-pots and oaten-cakes at 


And is a man with Scots and Angles 
With silken scarfes and with spangles 

Fitly accommodated. 

Are you in love with London citty? 
Or else with Venice ? he will fitt ye ; 

You have his heart to prize it. 
Or love you Greeke of tongues (the) 

Or love you Latin? hee'le in briefe 

Sir Edward Ratcliffize itt. 

This orator of Odcombe towne 
Meaning to civilize the clowne, 

To parle 'gan to call 
The rusticks and the Coridons, 
The naturalls and morions, 

And dis-coxcombde them alL 

To pass the sea, to pass the shore, 
And Fleet-street it all Europe o're, 

A thing periculous. 
And yet one paire of shoes, they say, 
And shirt did serve him all the way, 

A thing pediculous. 

b Goodyear. 
Inigo Jones. 

c West. 
f Tom Coryat, i. 188. 

Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Quisquis hunc ecavilat, 
Garretando squabberizat, 

Et pro hac injuria 
Disrespectus ambulabit, 
Cum bonis sociis non coenabit 

In urbe vel in curia. 

Hie in stolidum elatus, 

Ut mountebankus hie effatus, 

Haranguizans bene. 
Quisquis hie vult esse prudens, 
Adsit, nihil aliud studens, 

Quam potare plene. 

Quicquid agis, quicquid dicis, 
Jocundando cum amicis, 

Eris fortunatus. 

Hunc secundum rectum stampum, 
Qui non vivit rampum scrampum 

Nemo est beatus. 

Rex religionem curat, 
Populus legianciam jurat, 

Gives foenerantur; 
Miles et mercator clamant, 
Puer(i) et puellae amant, 

Foeminae moechantur. 

Princeps nescit otiari, 
Cupiens materiam dari 

Propriae virtuti. 
Carolus, imago patris, 
Imitatur acta fratris, 

Praelucens juventuti. 

Cancellarius a juvat multos, 
Prudentes juvat, juvat stultos, 

Humillime supplicantes. 
Thesaurarius b juvat summos ; 
Sed quoniam non habet nummos, 

Invident mendicantes. 

Northamptonius , nunquam satis 
Literis et literatis 

Juvandis, delectatur. 
Et Suffolcius d , severe 
Regis familiam coercere 

Quaerens, defatigatur. 

a Thomas Egerton, lord Ellesmere, 
Lord Chancellor 1603-1617. 

b Robert Cecil, earl of Salisbury, 
Lord Treasurer 1609-1612. 

c Henry Howard, earl of North- 

Whoso him exouthenizth, 
Garretating swaberizeth, 

And for this injurie 
He shall walk as disrespected, 
Of good fellows still neglected, 

In city and in curie. 

To a fool thus elevated, 
Mountebanke-like thus hee prated, 

Harringuizing rowndly. 
Whosoe will be counted prudent, 
Let him be no other student 

But to drinke profoundly. 

Whatsoever you speak or doe 
With your friends, in jocund row, 

It cannot be misdeemed. 
For he that lives not ramp and scramp, 
According to the swaggering stampe, 

Can never be esteemed. 

The king religion doth out-bear, 
The people doe allegiance sweare, 

Citizens usurize it. 
The soldiers and the merchants feare, 
The boyes and girles do love their paire, 

And women cuculize it. 

Prince Henry cannot idly liven, 
Desiring matter to be given 

To prove his valour good. 
And Charles, the image of his father, 
Doth imitate his eldest brother, 

And leades the noble blood. 

The Chancellour* relieveth many, 
As well the wyse as fooles, or any 

In humble-wise complayninge. 
The Treasurer b doth help the rich, 
And cannot satisfy the stitch 

Of mendicants disdayninge. 

Northampton , seeking many wayes 
Learning and learned men to rayse, 

Is still negotiated. 

And Suffolke d , seeking, in good sorte, 
The king his household to supporte, 

Is still defatigated. 

ampton, Lord Privy Seal 1608- 

d Thomas Howard, earl of Suffolk, 
Lord Chamberlain of the Household 

Andrew Marvel 


Proceres aedificant, 
Episcopi sanctificant, 

Clems coucionatur ; 
Generosi terras vendunt, 
Et, dum rustic! contendunt, 

Juridicus hicratur. 

Unusquisque sic facessit, 
Cor nullius conquiescit, 

Nemo habet satis. 
Solus Coriatus sapit, 
Nihil perdit quicquid capit, 

Nee stultescit gratis. 

-per Johannem Hoskins n , London. 

The noblemen do edifye, 
The bishops they do sanctifie, 

The cleargie preach and pray : 
And gentlemen their lands doe sell, 
And, while the clownes strive for 
the shell, 

The fish is lawyers' prey. 

Thus every man is busy still, 
Each one practising his skill, 

None hath enough of gayne. 
But Coriate liveth by his witts, 
He looseth nothinge that he getts, 

Nor playes the fool in vayne. 

per Johannem Reinolds b , Socium 
Coll. Novi, Oxon. 

Andrew Marvel (1620-1678). 

* Mr. Andrew Marvell : his father was minister of ... 
(I thinke, Hull : quaere). . . ., he was borne. 

He had good grammar-education : and was after sent to 
. . . , in Cambridge. 

In the time of Oliver the Protector he was Latin 
Secretarie. He was a great master of the Latin tongue ; 
an excellent poet in Latin or English : for Latin verses 
there was no man could come into competition with him. 
The verses called The Advice to the Painter were of his 

His native towne of Hull loved him so well that they 
elected him for their representative in Parliament, and gave 
him an honourable pension to maintaine him. 

He was of a middling stature, pretty strong 
sett, roundish faced, cherry cheek't, hazell eie, 
browne haire. He was in his conversation very 
modest, and of very few words c : and though 
he loved wine he would never drinke hard in 
company, and wasf wont to say that, he would not play the 

t He was wont 
to say that he 
would not 
drinke high or 
freely with any 
man with whom 
he would not 
intrust his life. 

a This attribution of the piece to 
Hoskyns is from Mr. Madan's MS.; 
see supra, p. 50. 

b John Reynolds, Fellow of New 
College 1600, died 1614. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 104. Aubrey, 
in the margin, draws a wreath of 
laurel, for a poet. 

c This sentence is subst. for He 
was a man of very few words.' 

54 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

good-fellow in any man's company in whose hands he would 
not triist his life. . 

He kept bottles of wine at his lodgeing, and many times 
he would drinke liberally by himselfe to refresh his spirits, 
and exalt his muse. I remember I have been told (Mr. 
Haake and Dr. Pell) that the learned ... (an High- 
German) was wont to keep bottells of good Rhenish-wine 
in his studie, and when he had spent his spirits he would 
drinke a good rummer of it. 

James Harrington, esq. (autor Oceanae\ was his intimate 
friend. John Pell, D.D., was one of his acquaintance. He 
had not a generall acquaintance. 

He wrote The Rehersall transprosed, against Samuel 
Parker, D.D. ; Mr. Smirke, (stich't, 4to, about 8 sheets) ; 
The naked Trueth. 

Obiit Londini, Aug. 18. 1678 ; and is buried in St. Giles 
church in-the-fields about the middle (quaere iterum) of 
the south aisle. Some suspect that he was poysoned by 
the Jesuites, but I cannot be positive. 

I remember I heard him say that the earle of Rochester* 
was the only man in England that had the true veine of 

He b lies interred under the pewes in the south side of 
Saint Giles' church in-the-fields, under the window wherein 
is painted in glasse a red lyon, (it was given by the 
inneholder of the Red Lyon Inne in Holborne) and is the 
. . . window from the east. This account I had from the 
sexton that made his grave. 

Philip Massinger (1584 ? 

* My brother Tom searcht the register of Wilton 
from the beginning and talk't with old men. Philip 
Massinger was not buried there ; but his wife dyed at 

a Anthony Wood notes in the b This paragraph was added some 

margin ' E. of Roff.', a reminder to time after the above notice was 

himself to incorporate this criticism written. 

in the life of Rochester in the * Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, 

Athenae. fol. 171 ; May, 1672. 

Thomas May 55 

Cardiffe in Wales, to whom the earl of Pembroke payd 
an annuity. 

* This day I searched the register of St. Saviour's, 
Southvvark, by the playhouse then there, vulgo St. Mary's 
Overy's ; and find Philip Massinger buryed March i8th, 
1639. I am enformed at the place where he dyed, which 
was by the Bankes side neer the then playhouse, that he 
was buryed about the middle of the Bullhead-churchyard 
i. e. that churchyard (for there are four) which is next the 
Bullhead taverne, from whence it has its denomination. 
He dyed about the 66th yeare of his age : went to bed 
well, and dyed suddenly but not of the plague. 

Thomas May (1595-1650). 

** He stood candidate for* the laurell after B. Jonson. ; 
but Sir William Davenant caried it 

manet alta mente repostum, 

A great acquaintance of Tom Chaloner. Would, when 
inter pocula, speake slightingly of the Trinity. 

Shammed b . 

Amicus: Sir Richard Fanshawe. Mr. (Emanuel) 
Decretz heard (was present at) the debate at their parting 
before Sir Richard went to the king, where both camps 
were most rigorously banded c . 

Clap. Came of his death after drinking with his chin 
tyed with his cap (being fatt) ; suffocated. 

Quaere Anthony Wood pro epitaph d , etc. 

Lord Chief Justice (John) Vaughan, amicus verses. 

The Heire. 

Quaere Mr. (John) Dreyden, if not another (play.) 
Lucan, and Siipplementtnn. 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. c See i. p. 289. 

252 : Jan. 31, 167! . d A mock-epitaph on May is found 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 27. among Anthony Wood's papers in 

a Subst. for ' to be Poet Laureate.' Wood MS. F. 39, fol. 154. 
b See i. p. no. 

56 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Translation of Georgiques, 16 mo. 
Historie of Civill War and Epitome. 

His translation of Lucan's excellent poeme made him in 
love with the republique, which tang a stuck by him. 
In the Session of Poets by Sir John Suckling: 

' There was Lucan's translator too.' 

* Thomas May, esq., a handsome man, debaucht ad 
omnia ; lodged in the little b by Canon-rowe, as you goe 
through the alley. Translated Virgil's Georgiques. Writt: 
Breviary of the historic of the Parliament of England 
(London, 1650; reprinted 3680, 8vo.); History of the 
victorious Edward Hid., in English verse, by Charles I's 
speciall command (8vo, 1639); and also Henry Hd., in 
English verse, both in 8vo. 

** As to Tom May, Mr. Edmund Wyld told me that 
he was acquainted with him when he was young, and then 
he was as other young men of this towne are, scil. he said 
he was debaucht ad omnia: but doe not by any meanes 
take notice of it for we have all been young. But 
Mr. Marvel in his poems upon Tom May's death falls very 
severe upon him. 

He was choaked by tyeing his cap. 

That of Lucan is true, scil., that it made him incline c to 
a republic. 

He was of the Sussex Mayes, as appeares by his coate of 
armes : but where borne or of what university I know not, 
and cannot enquire. 

Dr. (Thomas) Triplet's monument is set up d where his 
stood. Thomas May's inscription was, after it was pulled 
downe, in St. Bennet's chapell, i.e. where the earl of 
Middlesex's monument is : but perhaps now converted 
to some use. 

" Dupl. with ' odorem.' fol. 414 : Febr. I, 169^. 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 42". e Subst. for < for a.' 

b ? court. d i n Westminster Abbey. 

** Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, 

Thomas May 57 

* By a Camden : 

Ouem Anglicana respublica 

habuit vindicem, 

ornamentum literaria, 

secli sui vatum celeberrimus, 

deliciae futuri, 
Lucanus alter plus-quam Romanus, 

historicus fidus, 

equitis aurati filius primogenitus, 
Thomas Maius 

H. S. E. 

Qui paternis titulis claritatis suae 

specimen usque adeo superaddidit 

ut a supremo Anglorum senatu 

ad annales suos conscribendos 

fuerit accitus. 

Tandem, fide intemerata Parlamento 

praestita, morte inopina 

noctu correptus, diem 

suum obiit 

Id. Nov. 

. ( humanae ) ( MDCL. 

Anno b libertatis i A ,. I restitutae ) 

( Angliae > II. 

Aetatis suae LV. 
Hoc in honorem servi tarn 

bene meriti 

Parlamentum Reipublicae Angl. 
P. P. 

Dr. Triplet's monument now stands in the place where 
this did. 

This was a very fine monument of white marble. This 
inscription I had much adoe to find out, after severall 
enquiries severall yeares. It is putt upside downe in the 
chapell where the earle of Middlesex tombe is. 

His coate is ' gules, a fess inter six billets or/ 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. was ' made by Marchmount Needam.' 
155* : Dec. 30, 1671. b This latter part of the inscription 

* i.e. beside Camden's monument, is found also in MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 
supra, i. p. 145. Anthony Wood notes 103'. 

here that this inscription for May 

58 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Nicholas Mercator (1640-168!). 

* Mr. Nicholas Mercator ' : his father was 

Philip Melancthon was his great-grandmother's brother. 

He is of little stature, perfect ; black haire, of a delicate 
moyst curie ; darke a eie, but of great vivacity of spirit. 
He is of a soft temper, of great temperance (amat Venerem 
aliquantum) : of a prodigious invention, and will be 
acquainted (familiarly) with nobody. His true German 
name is Nicolas Kauffman, i. e. chapman, i. e. Mercator. 

The first booke he printed was his Cosmographia, at . . ., 
where he uses his German name, 'qua sternitur funda- 
mentum Trigonometriae sphericorum, Logarithmicae, Astro- 
nomiae sphaericae,Geographiae, Histiodromiae gnomonicae ; 
a Nicola KaufTman, Holsato-Dantisc., Anno MDCLI.' 

Nicolai Mercatoris in Geometriam introductio brevis qua 
magnitudinum ortus ex genuinis principiis et ortarum 
affectiones ex ipsa genesi derivantur. printed at London 
1678, before a little booke of Euclid's Elements demon- 
strated after a new method. 

Astronomia*) printed at London, 167-. 

Logarithmotechnia; the first part printed with ... of 
Slusius, anno Domini, 166- : the second part of it, being 
8 sheets 4*, lyes in the hands of Mr. Moyses Pitts and is 
a most admirable piece. 

Astrologia : imprinted : in 4to, altogether after a new 
manner and on other principles. 

A treatise of musique 3 , in 4to, inch + thick b , unprinted. 

Memorandum : Mr. Nicholas Mercator made and pre- 
sented to King Charles the 2 d a clock ('twas of a fo.ote 
diameter) which shewed the inequality of the sunn's motion 
from the apparent motion, which the king did understand 
by his informations, and did commend it, but he never had 
a penny of him for it. 

Well ! This curious clock was neglected, and somebody 
of the court happened to become master of it, who under- 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 59. a ' darke ' written over ' grey,' as a correction. 

b i. e. more than an inch thick. 

Christopher Merret. Thomas Merry 59 

stood it not ; he sold it to Mr. Knib, a watch-maker, who 
did not understand it neither, who sold it to Mr. Fromantle 
(that made it) for 5 li. who askes now (1683) for it 200 li. 

Anno 1682, mense Febr., Mr. N. Mercator left London ; 
went with his family to Paris, being invited thither by 
Monseigneur Colbert. 

Nicholas Mercator, Holsatus, mathematicus, obiit Parisiis, 
4to Januarii i68f : he went to Paris (being invited thither 
by Monseigneur Colbert) the 3oth of November, 1682: 
from his son, David Mercator. 


1 Aubrey gives, incompletely, a scheme of the nativity ' clarissimi viri 
N. Mercatoris, Holsati'; adding that in it ' Mars is in proximity to Mercury, 
but he has forgot on which side.' 

2 On May 17, 1673, Aubrey had written to Anthony Wood (MS. Wood 
F. 39, fol. 208) : 

' The learned (yet poore) Mr. Nicholas Mercator has a most elaborate piece, 
' Astronomiae compendium sphaerice et theorice, et hypotheses Ptolemaei, 
Tychonis, Copernici, Kepleri, Bullialdi, et Mercatoris." 

It vi ill be in 4to, two ringers thick; pret. los. Cambridge has subscribed 
for 50 ; London, as many more. If he could gett, at Oxon, 50 subscriptions 
more the printer would print it .... There are 70 schemes.' 

3 A copy of this treatise is found as MS. Aubr. 25. It is in two parts : 
(i) 55 pages, ' Musica, autore N. Mercatore, Holsato, 1673,' on which Aubrey 
notes, 'the original copie was lost at Paris, Jo. Aubrey'; (ii) 19 pages, 
' Musica, autore N. Mercatore, Holsato, 1672,' with the note, 'sum Jo. Aubrii, 
R. S. S.' 

Christopher Merret (1614-1695). 

* Christopher Merret, M.D., of the College of Physicians, 
London, was borne in Winchcumbe in Gloucestershire, 
1614, Feb. XVI about XI at night. 

** Scripsit against the apothecaries, etc. 

Thomas Merry (16 1682). 

t Thomas *** Thomas Merry f, esq., was born at ... 

fb)?^** 9 ' in Leicestershire. His father or grandfather 

kinsman : vide . . 

Surrey papers", was one of the clarkes of the green-cloth. 
He was disciple to Sir Jonas Moore ; became an excellent 

* MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 96*. *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 82. 

** Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. a i. e. MS. Aubr. 4. 

178': July 6, 1672. 

60 Aubrey s 'Brief Lives' 

legist. He had donne all Euclid in a shorter and clearer 
manner than ever was yet donne, and particularly the 
tenth booke : I have seen it. But he never stitch't it up ; 
and, after his death, when I came to enquire for it, it was 
disparted like Sibyllae folia, and severall of the papers lost. 
I got what I could find and brought them to the Royal 
Society, where they were committed to Mr. Paget to 
peruse, but they were so imperfect (he said) they were 
not fit to be printed. What is become of them now God 

* Thomas Merry, esq., a great algebrist and a great 
Whig, dyed at Westminster Octob. . . . 1682, and lies 
in the vault of his grandfather at Waltham-Stowe in 

Sir Hugh Middleton (1555-1631). 

** From Dr. Hugh Chamberlayn, M.D. that King 
James took a moiety of the profitts of the New River 
from Sir Hugh Middelton. Some say 'twas in considera- 
tion of money advanced by the king ; but this is not 
certain. He did indeed reconvey this back to him and 
his heires, etc., for a rent of 500/2. per annum, which is 
duly payd, but I think graunted him from his majestic. 

*** This Sir Hugh Middleton had his picture in Gold- 
smyths' hall with a waterpott by him, as if he had been 
the sole inventor. Mr. Fabian Philips sawe Ingolbert a 
afterwards, in a poore rug-gowne like an almesman, sitting 
by an applewoman at the Parliament stayres. 

**** Memorandum that now (i68J) London is growne 
so populous and big that the New River of Middleton can 
serve the pipes to private houses but twice a weeke. 
quod N. B. 

John Milton (1608-1674). 

(This life is found in MS. Aubr. 8, foil. 63-68 v . Aubrey's notes for 
it were at first very slight, but were increased by information after- 

* MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 6. See supra, p. i. 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 43. **** MS. Aubr. 6, fol 6o v . 

*** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 4 2 V . 

John Milton 


wards obtained from Milton's widow, from his brother Christopher, 
and from his nephew Edward Phillips. In the life as now printed 
these later notes, brought in very disjointedly into the MS., have been 
set in their proper places. 

When he first began writing his ' Lives,' Aubrey set aside fol. IO3 V 
of MS. Aubr. 6 (opposite the life of Andrew Marvell) for Milton, 
writing the heading { Mr. John Milton ' and in the margin drawing a 
wreath of laurel, for a poet. Afterwards he scored the heading out, 
and added the reference, 'vide part iii d .' i.e. MS. Aubr. 8. Again, in 
MS. Aubr. 8, he at first set aside fol. 93 for the life of ' Mr. John 
Milton,' but afterwards scored the heading out, and wrote there the 
life of Dr. John Overall. 

In MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 63, Aubrey gives in trick the coat for Milton : 
' argent, a double-headed eagle displayed gules legged and beaked 
sable : crest, an arme dexter holding an eagle's head and neck erased 
gules.' And, for Bradshaw, he gives the coat, * argent, 2 bendlets 
sable,' noting ' his mother was a Bradshaw.' 

On fol. 68 V , in the pedigree, he gives the coats : 'Jeffrey), azure, a 
fret or, on a chief or a lion passant gardant sable : impaling [Haughton], 
sable, 3 bars argent ' : Bradshaw, as above ; Powell of Foresthill and 
Webber, left blank ; and Minshull, ' . . ., an estoyle over a crescent . . . 
a canton . . .') 

(His parentage.) 

* Quaere Christopher Milton, his brother, of 
the Inner Temple, bencher a . 

t John, he *> 
t Mr. Milton 
lived next towne 
to Fosthill 
within half a 
mile like 
[Holton], and 
they 1 were 
raungers of 
the forest e . 

t Milton J m. ... Jeffrey. 

i. John Milton 

m. Sarah 

2. ... Milton (quaere 
ubi vivit. If not at 

Mary m. John m. (and wife) 
Milton Elizabeth 

(poeta). Minshull, 

of Cheshire. 


Powell of 

sans issue. 

2. Christopher m. Thorn azine 

Milton. Webber, 


Mr. Richard Milton, 

Paper buildings, 

Inner Temple. 

Anne m. Edward 

i ! 
A son John f , i. Anne n 
that dyed at 
two yeares old. 

?...., a mecha- 

2. Mary, 3. Deb< 

a . . . in 

sine prole. 

MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 63. 
Subst. for ' barister.' 
* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 68' 
Christopher Milton. 
i.e. Foresthill. 

d The Milton family. 

Shotover forest. 

f Inserted later in answer to the 
following question : ' quaere, if he 
has not a son.' 

62 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

* Mr. John Milton was of an Oxfordshire familie. 

His grandfather, . . . , (a Roman Catholic), of Holton, 
in Oxfordshire, neer Shotover a . 

His father was brought-up in the University of Oxon, 

at Christ Church, and his grandfather disinherited him 

t Quaere- he because he kept not to the Catholique religion f. 

Engi1 s h>his n So therupon he came to London, and became 

a scrivener (brought up by a friend of his ; 

was not an apprentice), and gott a plentifull estate by it, 

and left it off many yeares before he dyed. He was an 

ingeniose man ; delighted in musique ; com- 

J Quaere Mr. J. & 

piavford pro posed many songs now in print, especially 
that of Oriaiia J. 

** I have been told that the father com- 
posed a song of fourscore parts for the Lantgrave of 
Hess, for which (his) highnesse sent a meddall of gold, 
or a noble present. He dyed about i64; b ; buried in 
Cripplegate church, from his house in the Barbican. 

{His birth.) 

*** His son John was borne in Bread Street, in London, 
at c the Spread Eagle, which was his house [he had also in 
that street another house, the Rose ; and other houses 
in other places]. 

He was borne anno Domini . . . the . . . day of . . . , 
about ... a clock, in the . . . 

**** $3T Quaere Mr. Christopher Milton to see the date 
of his brother's birth. 

***** [John Milton d was born the 9th of December, 1608, 
die Veneris e , half an hour after 6 in the morning.] 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 63. **** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 64. 

* Subst. for < Whateley,' i. e. ***** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 65. 
\Vheatley. d This paragraph is not in Aubrey's 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 64. hand ; ? Christopher Milton's. An- 

b Subst. for ' in that yeare that the thony Wood grumbles here : ' Why do 

aimy marched thorough the city.' you not set downe where John Milton 

*** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 63. was borne?' forgetting fol. 63. 

c Subst. for ' at the Rose : he had e i. e. Friday. 
also there another house.' 

John Milton 63 

(His precocity.) 

* Anno Domini 1619, he was ten yeares old, as by his 
picture ; and was then a poet. 

(School, college, and travel.) 

His school-master then was a Puritan, in Essex, who 
cutt his haire short. 

He went to schoole to old Mr. a Gill, at Paule's schoole. 
Went, at his owne chardge b only, to Christ's College in 
Cambridge at c fifteen, where he stayed eight yeares at 
least d . Then he travelled into France and Italic ((he) 
had Sir H. Wotton's commendatory letters). At Geneva 
he contracted a great friendship with 6 the learned Dr. 
Deodati of Geneva : vide his poems. He was acquainted f 
with Sir Henry Wotton, ambassador at Venice, who de- 
lighted in his company. He was severall t yeares 

t Quaere, how fc J . 

many? Resp., beyond sea, and returned 8 to England just 

two yeares. . 

upon the breaking-out of the civill warres. 
** From his brother, Christopher Milton : when he 
went to schoole, when he was very young, he studied 
very hard, and sate-up very late, commonly till 12 or 
one a clock at night, and his father ordered the mayde 
to sitt-up for him, and in those yeares (10) composed many 
copies of verses which might well become a riper age. 
And was a very hard student in the University, and per- 
formed all his exercises there with very good applause. 

His first tutor there was Mr. Chapell ; from 

jWhip'thim. ' 

whom receiving some unkindnesse J, he was 
afterwards (though it seemed contrary to the rules of the 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 63. Christ's College. He was never of 
R Subst. for ' Dr.' Oxford ' : Wood MS. F. 39, fol. s86 v . 
b i. e. as a ' pensioner,' and not e Subst. for * with Carolo Diodati, 

holding any exhibition or scholarship. . . . son of the learned Dr. Deodati of 

c Subst. for ' very young (scilicet, Geneva.' 

about thirteen was the most).' f 'beyond sea' followed: scored 

d Aubrey, writing on June 29, out. 

1689, says: 'Mr. Edward Philips * Subst. for 'returned a very little 

tells me his uncle, John Milton, was before the civill warres brake-out.' 

Master of Arts of Cambridge, of ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 64. 

64 Aubrey's l Brief Lives' 

college) transferred to the tuition of one Mr. Tovell, who 
dyed parson of Lutterworth. 

* He went to travell about the year 1638 and was 
abroad about a year's space, cheifly in Italy. 

(Ret^lrn to England.} 

Immediately after his return he tooke a lodging at 
Mr. Russell's, a taylour, in St. Bride's churchyard, and 
took into his tuition his sister's two sons, Edward and 
John Philips, the first 10, the other 9 years of age ; and 
in a year's time made them capable of interpreting a Latin 
authour at sight, etc. And within three years they went 
through the best of Latin and Greec poetts a Lucretius 
t and with him an< ^ Manilius f, of the Latins ; Hesiod, Aratus, 
an? 6 Dionysius Afer, Oppian, Apollonii Argonautica, 
and Quintus Calaber. Cato, Varro, and Colu- 
and geometry. mella Dg ^ rus tica were the very first authors 
they learn't. As he was severe on one hand, so he was 
most familiar and free in his conversation to those to whome 
most sowre in his way of education. N.B. he made his 
nephews songsters, and sing, from the time they were 
with him. 

(First wife and children.) 

** He maried his first wife J (Mary) Powell, of Fosthill, 
* slew sa a ^ Shotover, m Oxonshire, anno Domini . . .; 
in a d wln r t oyalistl by whom he had 4 children. (He) hath two 
daughters living : Deborah was his amanuensis 
( he taught her Latin, and to read Greeke b 

to him when he had loSt m ' S eie-sight, which 
Domini . . 

(Separation from his first wife.) 

[She c went from him to her mother's at ... in the 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 64*. c Mary Powell. The words in 

a This is not in Aubrey's hand ; brackets have been substituted for 

perhaps in Edward Phillips' writing. 'He parted from her'; the second 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 63. half of the sentence has been left 

b ' and Hebrew ' followed : scored unchanged. 

John Milton 65 

king's quarters, neer Oxford], anno Domini . . . ; and 
wrote the Triplechord about divorce. 

* Two opinions a doe not well on the same boulster. 
She was a . . . b royalist, and went to her mother to the 
king's quarters, neer Oxford. I have perhaps so much 
chanty to her that she might not wrong his bed : but 
what man, especially contemplative, would like to have 
a young wife environ'd and storm'd by the sons of Mars, 
and those of the enemi partie? 

** His first wife (Mrs. Powell, a royalist) was brought 
up and lived where there was a great deale of company 
and merriment . And when she came to live with her 
husband, at Mr. Russell's, in St. Bride's churchyard, she 
found it very solitary ; no company came to her ; often- 
times heard his nephews beaten and cry. This life was 
irkesome to her, and so she went to her parents at Fost-hill. 
He sent for her, after some time ; and I thinke his servant 
was evilly entreated : but as for matter of wronging his 
bed, I never heard the least suspicions ; nor had he, of that, 

any jealousie. 

(Second wife.) 

*** He had a middle wife, whose name was (he d thinkes, 
Katharin) Woodcock. No child living by her. 

{Third wife.) 

**** He maried his second e wife, Elizabeth Minshull, 
anno . . . (the year before the sicknesse) : a gent, person, 
a peacefull and agreable humour. 

(His public employment.) 
He was Latin secretary to the Parliament ". 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 68. *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 68 V . 

* Subst. for ' Different religions.' d Probably Edward Phillips. 
b Space left for an adjective, **** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 63. 

like ' zealous.' e 'Second' underlined for correction 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 66. This to 'third.' For the same reason the 

paragraph was added later by Aubrey, note on fol. 68 is erased : ' He maried 

perhaps from information supplied by Elizabeth . . ., second wife, anno 

E. Phillips. Domini 16 .' 

c ' Dancing, etc./ is written over, in f Subst. for ' to Oliver Cromwell.' 


II. F 

66 Aubrey's l Brief Lives' 

{His blindness.) 

* His sight began to faile him at first upon his writing 
against Salmasius, and before 'twas fully compleated one 
eie absolutely faild. Upon the writing of other bookes, 
after that, his other eie decayed. 

** His eie-sight was decaying about 20 yeares before 
his death : quaere, when starke a blind ? His father read 
without spectacles at 84. His mother had very weake 
eies, and used spectacles presently after she was thirty 
yeares old. 

( Writings after his blindness.) 

*** After he was blind he wrote these following bookes, 
viz. Paradise Lost, Paradise Regained \ Grammar \Dictionarie 
(imperfect) quaere + . 

**** I heard that after he was blind that he was writing 
a Latin Dictionary (in the hands of Moyses Pitt b ). Vidua 
affirmat she gave all his papers (among which this dictionary, 
imperfect) to his nephew, a sister's son, that he brought 
up, . . . Philips, who lives neer the Maypole in the Strand 
(quaere). She has a great many letters by her from learned 
men, his acquaintance, both of England and beyond sea. 

{His later residences.) 

He lived in several places, e.g. Holborne neer King's- 
gate. He died in Bunhill, opposite to the Artillery-garden 

{His death and burial.) 

He died of the gowt c struck in, the 9th or loth of 
November, 1674, as appeares by his apothecarye's booke. 

He lies buried in St. Giles's Cripplegate, upper end of 
chancell at the right hand, vide his gravestone d . Memo- 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 66 V . when Aubrey found that the MS. had 
** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 68. passed from E. Phillips to Pitt. 

a Dupl. with ' quite.' c Subst. for ' He died of a feaver, 

*** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 63. at his house in Quin Street, about the 

**** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 68. 64th yeare of his age.' 

b The London bookseller. The d Dupl. with < stone.' 

words in brackets were added later, 

John Milton 67 

randum his stone is now removed ; for, about two yeares 
since (now, 1681), the two steppes to the communion 
table were raysed. I ghesse John Speed and he lie 

{ Personal characteristics. } 

His harmonicall and ingeniose soul did lodge a in a 
beautifull and well-proportioned body : 

In toto nusquam corpore menda fuit. 

Ovid. <i Amor. 5, 18.) 

* He was a spare man. He was scarce so tall as 
I am quaere, quot feet I am high : resp., of middle 

He had abroun b hayre. His complexion exceeding 
faire he was so faire that they called him the lady of 
Christ's College. Ovall face. His eie a darke gray. 

** He had a delicate tuneable voice, and had good d 
skill. His father instructed him. He had an organ in his 
howse : he played on that most. 

*** Of a very cheerfull humour. He would be chear- 
full even in his gowte-fitts, and sing. 

He was very healthy and free from all diseases : seldome 
tooke any physique (only sometimes he tooke manna): 
only towards his latter end he was visited with the gowte, 
spring and fall. 

He had a very good e memorie ; but I beleeve that his 
excellent method of thinking and disposing did much to 
helpe his memorie. 

**** He pronounced the letter R (littera canina) very 
hard ***** a certaine signe of a satyricall witt from 
John Dreyden. 

* Dupl. with ' dwelt.' e Subst. for c an extraordinary.' 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 63. **** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 63*. 

b 'Abroun' = auburn. Subst. for ***** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 68. The 

' a light browne.' note was written in pencil, from 

c Subst. for ' very.' Dryden's information, over the verso 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 63'. of one leaf and the recto of the next ; 

d Subst. for ' great.' and then inked over. Foil. 64-67 were 

*** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 68. inserted later. 

F 2 

68 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 1 

{Portraits of him.} 

* Write his name in red letters on his pictures, with 
his widowe, to preserve. 

** His widowe haz his picture, drawne very well and 
like, when a Cambridge schollar. 

She has his picture when a Cambridge schollar, which 
ought to be engraven ; for the pictures before his bookes 
are not at all like him. 

'{His habits.) 

*** His exercise was chiefly walking. 

He was an early riser (scil. at 4 a clock mane) ; yea, after 
he lost his sight. He had a man read to him. The first 
thing he read was the Hebrew Bible, and that was* at 
4 h. mane \ h. + . Then he contemplated b . 

At 7 his man came to him again, and then read to him 
again, and wrote till dinner : the writing was as much as 
the reading. His (2) daughter, Deborah, could read to 
him Latin, Italian and French, and Greeke. (She) maried 
in Dublin to one Mr. Clarke (sells c silke, etc.); very like 
her father. The other sister is (i) Mary, more like her 

After dinner he used to walke 3 or four houres at a time 
(he alwayes had a garden where he lived) ; went to bed 
about 9. 

Temperate man, rarely dranke between meales. 

Extreme pleasant in his conversation, and d at dinner, 
supper, etc. ; but satyricall. 

{Notes about some of his works.) 
**** From 6 Mr. E. Philips : All the time of writing his 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 66 V . Subst. for: 'From Mr. E. 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 63. Philips: his invention was much 

*** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 63*. more free and easie in the aequinoxes 
a i.e. at 4 A.M., for more than half than at the solstices, as he more 

an hour. particularly found in writing his 

'' Subst. for ' thought.' Paradise Lost. Mr. Edward Philipps 

c Subst. for ' a mercer.' his nephew and then amanuensis, 

d ' and at ' is subst. for ' e. g.' hath . . .' 
**** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 65. 

John Milton 69 

Paradise Lost, his veine began at the autumnall aequinoc- 
tiall, and ceased at the vernall (or thereabouts : I believe 
about May) : and this was 4 or 5 yeares of his doeing it. 
He began about 2 yeares before the king came-in, and 
finished about three yeares after the king's restauracion. 

In the 4th a booke of Paradise Lost there are about six 
verses of Satan's exclamation to the sun, which Mr. E. 
Philips remembers about 15 or 16 yeares before ever his 
poem was thought of. Which verses were intended for 
the beginning of a tragoedie which he had designed, but 
was diverted from it by other businesse. 

* [Whatever b he wrote against monarchic was out of 
no animosity to the king's person, or owt of any faction 
or interest, but out of a pure zeale to the liberty of 
mankind, which he thought would be greater under 
a fre state than under a monarchiall goverment. His 
being so conversant in Livy and the Roman authors, 
and the greatness he saw donne by the Roman common- 
wealth, and the vertue of their great commanders induc't 
him to.] 

** From Mr. Abraham Hill : Memorandum : his 
sharp writing against Alexander More, of Holland, upon 
t Quaere the a mistake, notwithstanding he had given him 

ambassador's . . . . . .. . r , 

name of Mr. by the ambassador f all satisfaction to the 
NewportftCe contrary : viz. that the booke called ' Clamor d ' 
ambassador. was writt by Peter du Moulin. Well, that was 
all one ; he having writt it, it should goe into the world ; 
one of them was as bad as the other. 

*** Memorandum : Mr. Theodore Haak, Regiae 
Societatis Socius, hath translated halfe his Paradise Lost 
into High Dutch in such blank verse, which is very 
well liked of by Germanus Fabricius, Professor at Hei- 
delberg, who sent to Mr. Haak a letter upon this trans- 
lation : 'incredibile est quantum nos omnes affecerit 

a Subst. for ' 2 d or 3.' c Dupl. with ' captaines.' 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 65^ ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 66\ 

b This paragraph is not in Aubrey's d ' Coeli ' followed : scored out. 
hand. *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 68. 

yo Aubrey s 'Brief Lives 9 

gravitas styli, et copia lectissimorum verborum,' etc. vide 
the letter. 

* Mr. John Milton made two admirable panegyricks, 
as to sublimitie of witt, one on Oliver Cromwel, and the 
other on Thomas, lord Fairfax, both which his nephew 
Mr. Philip hath. But he hath hung back these two yeares, 
as to imparting copies to me for the collection of mine with 
you a . Wherfore I desire you in your next to intimate 
your desire of having these two copies of verses aforesayd. 
Were they made in commendation of the devill, 'twere all 
one to me : 'tis the v\l/os that I looke after. I have been 
told 'tis beyond Waller's or anything in that kind. 

(Catalogue of his writings.) 

** Quaere his nephew, Mr. Edward Philips, for a perfect 
catalogue of his writings. Memorandum, he wrote a little 
tract of education. 

*** i. Of Reformation. ) Qu. whether two 

Against prelatical Episcopacy. I books ? 

2. The reason of Church Goverment. 

3. A defence of Smectymnuus. 

4. The Doctrin and Disciplim 

of Divorce. 

5. Colasterion. 

6. The Judgement of Martin 

All these in prosecution 
of the same subject. 


7. Tetrachordon (of divorce).; 
Areopagitica, viz. for the libertie of the presse. 
Of Education. 

Tenure of Kings and Magistrates. 
Defensio populi Anglicani. 
Defensio 3 d * contra Morum. 
Defensio 3 tia . 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 68. 

fol. 372 : May, 1684. *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 64. I am 

a i.e. MS. Aubr. 8, then in An- doubtful whether this list is in Aubrey's 

thony Wood's hands. hand. 

John Milton 71 

His Logick. 

Of the powr of the civil magistrate in ecclesiastical affairs. 

Against Hirelings (against Tythes). 

Of a Commonwealth. 

Against Dr. Griffith. 

Of Toleration, Heresie, and Schisme. 

* Catalogue Librorum f. 

dow^accSrdin I * P emS 3 ^ VO > P rmte d . Twice printed, 

to order of time. Some WHtt but at I 8. 

Of Reformation. 

2. ElKovoK\cKTTris, printed at ... 

3. pro populo Anglicano defensio, contra Salmasium. 

4. Tetrachordon, 4to : of divorce. 

5. Paradise ( Lost, 4to. i Edward Philips his cheif 

6. ( Regained, 4to. ) amanuensis. 

7. Latine epistles, 8vo. / Familiar - 

1 Politique. 

8. Latin grammar in English, 8vo. 

9. The history of Britain from the first tradicionall 
beginning continued to the Norman Conquest, 4to, London, 
MDCLXX, for James Alesly, Rose and Crowne, Paul's 
Churchyard. Scripsit prout per effigiem [sed falsam] 1670, 
aetat. 62. 

10. A letter of education to Mr. S. Hartlib (with his 

11. A brief history of Muscovia and other less knowne 
countries lyeing eastward. Advertisement: 'writt by the 
author's owne hand before he lost his sight and intended 
to have printed it before his death.' 

12. His logick. 

13. Idea Theologiae in MS. in the handes of Mr. Skinner, 
a merchant's sonne, in Marke-lane. Memorandum there 
was one Mr. Skinner of the Jerkers office up 2 paire of 
stayres at the Custome-house. 

14. He wrote a dictionary called Idioma linguae Latinae 
(from Mr. Packer who was his scholar). 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 6S V . 

72 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

(An almost contemporary life of Milton.} 
* Quaere Mr. (Andrew) Allam, of Edmund-hall, Oxon, 
of John Milton's life writt by himselfe a : vide pagg. . . . 

(His acquaintance.) 

** He was visited much by learned (men) ; more then 
he did desire. 

He was mightily importuned to goe into France and 
Italic. Foraigners came much to see him, and much 
admired him, and offer'd to him great preferments to come 
over to them : and the only inducement of severall 
foreigners that came over into England, was chiefly to 
see Oliver Protector, and Mr. John Milton ; and would 
see the house and chamber wher he was borne. He was 
much more admired abrode then at home. 

His familiar learned acquaintance were Mr. Andrew 
Marvell, Mr. Skinner, Dr. Pagett, M.D. 

Mr. (Cyriack) Skinner, who was his disciple. 

John Dreyden, esq., Poet Laureate, who very much 
admires him, and went to him to have leave to putt his 
Paradise Lost into a drama in rhymne. Mr. Milton 
recieved him civilly, and told him he would give him 
leave to tagge his verses. 

His widowe assures me that Mr. T. Hobbs was not one 
of his acquaintance, that her husband did not like him at 
all, but he would acknowledge a him to be a man of 
great parts, and a learned man. Their interests and 
tenets did b run counter to each other; vide in Hobbes' 

George Monk (1608-1670). 

*** G. M c . was borne at ... in Devon (vide Devon 
in Heralds' Office), a second son of . . ., an ancient 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 66'. a Dupl. with ' grant.' 

a i.e. by Allam. This was Anthony b Dupl. with 'were diametrically 

Wood's friend (obiit 1685), who opposed.' 

helped with notices of contemporary *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 17. 

writers: Clark's Wood's Life and c Anthony Wood expands to 

Times, iv. 90. ' Monke.' 
** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 63'. 

George Monk 73 

familie. and which had about Henry 8's time 10,000/2. per 
t From Mr.. annum (as he himselfe sayd). 

kiSoman a ^6 WaS a stron g> lusty, Well-Sett yOling 

whose" nTnTwas fellow ; and in his youth happened to slay 
Monke. a man ^ w hich was the occasion of his flying 

into the Low-countries, where he learned to be a soldier. 

At the beginning of the late civil! warres, he came over 
to the king's side, where he had command (quaere in what 
part of England). 

Anno ... he was prisoner in the Tower, where his 

semstres, Nan Cl(arges) (a blacksmith's % 

still of s that 1S daughter), was kind to him ; in a double 

comer shop, the capacity. It must be remembred that he then 

first turning on . .... 

the right hand was in want $, and she assisted him. Here she 

as you come out 

of the strand was gott with child. She was not at all hand- 

into Drury-lane ; 

the howse is now some, nor cleanly. Her mother was one of the 

built of brick. J 

He was taken fi ve woemen barbers. 

prisoner by the A , _ s \ i 

Parliament Anno . . . (as I remember, 1035) there was 

forces, and kept . . 

in the Tower; a maned woman m Drury-lane that had clapt 

and the trueth ' 

was, he was (i. e. given the pox to) a woman s husband, 

forgotten and * . . . 

neglected at a neighbor of hers. She complained of this 

Court, that they 

did not thinke of to her neighbour gossips. So they concluded 

exchanging him, 

^ h e was in O n this revenge, viz. to gett her and whippe 
her and . . . ; which severities were executed 
and put into a ballad. Twas the first ballad I ever cared 
for the reading of: the burden of it was thus: 

Did yee ever heare the like 

Or ever heard the same 
Of five woemen-barbers 

That lived in Drewry lane? 

Vide the Ballad-booke a . 

Anno . . . her brother, T(homas) Cl(arges), came a 
ship-board to G. M. and told him his sister was brought to 
bed. ' Of what ? ' sayd he. ' Of a son.' ' Why then, 5 sayd 
he, ' she is my wife.' He had only this child. 

* Very probably the (MS. ?) collection at Ralph Sheldon's : supra, p. 4. 

74 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Anno . ., (I have forgott by what meanes) he gott his 
libertie, and an employment under Oliver (I thinke) at sea, 
against the Dutch, where he did good service ; he had 
courage enough. But I remember the sea-men would 
laugh, that in stead of crying Tack about, he would say 
Wheele to the right (or left). 

Anno 16 . . . he had command in Scotland (vide his 
life), where he was well beloved by his soldiers, and, I 
thinke, that country (for an enemie). Oliver, Protector, had 
a great mind to have him home, and sent him a fine comple- 
t onaSaterday. mentall letter, that he desired (him) to come 
into England to advise with him. He sent 
his highnesse word, that if he pleased he 
would come and waite upon him at the 

with him, and t i r r- .1 1 i 

after dinner told head OI IO,OOO men. OO that QCSlgne WaS 

him that God 1 

had putt a good Spoy led . 

opportunity into , , . , 

his handes, Anno 1 6|-, Febr. icth (as I remember), being 

restoring the then sent for by the Parliament to disband 

king; to which , . . 

he gave an Lambert s armie. he came into JLondon with 


answer, and his army about one a clock P.M. t He then 

sayd he hoped 

he should doe sent to the Parliament this letter, which a , 

like an honest ' 

man. We that printed, I annex here. Shortly after he was 

were Sir Ralph's r ' 

acquaintance sen t for to the Parliament house ; where, in the 

were longing 

howse, a chaire was sett for him, but he would 
not ( in modestie) sitt downe in it. The Parlia- 
ment (Rumpe J) made him odious to the citie, 
purposely, by pulling down and burning their 
iBeTo d f ehim gates (which I myselfe sawe). The Rumpe 
charte-howse. i nv i te d him to a great dinner, Febr. . . . 

t the Rumpe 

( snort ty after) ; from whence it was never in- 

tended that he should haVC returned (of thl*S 

j am assure d by one of that Parliament). 
The members stayd till I, 2, 3, 4 a clock, but at last 

a It is fol. 1 8 of MS. Aubr. 6. them:' printed by John Macock, 

' A | letter j from his | excellencie | 1660, 8 leaves, small 4to. It begins : 

the | lord general Monck | and the ' Mr. Speaker, We cannot but with 

officers under his command | to thankfulness acknowledge the wonder- 

the | Parliament ; | in the name of ful goodness . . .,' and is dated from 

themselves, and the souldiers | under ' White-hal, Feb. n, 1659.' 

George Monk 75 

his excellency sent them word he could not come : I 
beleeve he suspected some treacherie. 

You must now know that long before these dayes, colonel 
(Edward) Massey, and Thomas Mariett, of Whitchurch 
in Warwickshire, esqre, held correspondence with his 
majestic, who wrote them letters with his owne hand, 
which I have seen. Both these were now in London 
privately. Tom Mariett laye with me (I was then of the 
Middle Temple) ; G. M. lay at Draper's hall * in Throck- 
morton-street. Col. Massey (Sir Edward afterwards), and 
T. Mariett every day were tampering with G. M., as also 
col. (John) Robinson (afterward Liewtenant of the Tower : 
whom I remember they counted not so wise as King 
Salomon) ; and they could not find any inclination or 
propensity in G. M. for their purpose, scil. to be instru- 
mentall to bring in the king. Every night late, I had an 
account of all these transactions abed, which like a sott 
t Quaere T. M. as ^ was ^ did not, while fresh in memorie, 
iterumdehis. CO mmitt to writing, as neither has T. M.f : 
but I remember in the maine, that they were satisfied he 
no more intended or designed the king's restauration, when 
he came into England, or first came to London, then his 
horse did. But shortly after finding himselfe at a losse; 
and that he was (purposely) made odious to the citie, as 
aforesayd and that he was a lost man by the Parliament ; 
and that the generality of the citie and country were for the 
restoring the king, having long groaned under the tyranny 
of other governments ; he had no way to save himselfe but 
to close with the citie, etc., again. Memorandum that 
Thredneedle-street was all day long, and late at night, 
crammed with multitudes, crying out A free Parliament, 
a free Parliament^ that the aire rang with their clamours a . 
One evening, viz. Feb. . . . (quaere diem) he comeing out 
on horseback b , they were so violent that he was almost 
afrayd of himselfe, and so, to satisfie them (as they use to 
doe to importunate children), Pray be quiet, yee shall have 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. I7 V . b ' On horseback' subst. for 'of 

a Dupl. with ' noises.' dores.' 

76 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

a free Parliament. This about 7, or rather 8 as I remember 
at night. Immediately a loud holla and shout was given, 
all the bells in (the) city ringing, and the whole citie looked 
as if it had been in a flame by the bonfires, which were 
prodigiously great and frequent and ran like a traine over 
the citie, and I sawe some balcone's that began to be 
kindled. They made little gibbetts, and roasted a rumpes 
of mutton ; nay, I sawe some very good rumpes of beefe b . 
Healths to the king, Charles II, were dranke in the streets 
by the bonfires, even on their knees ; and this humor ran 
by the next night to Salisbury, where was the like joy ; so 
to Chalke, where they made a great bonfire on the top of 
the hill ; from hence to Bland ford and Shaftesbury, and so 
to the Land's-end : and perhaps it was so over all England, 
t A Domino ^ ^ at t ^ ie re turn of his most gracious majestic 
was bv the hand of GODf; but as by this 
person meerly accidental!, whatever the pom- 
P ou s History in 8vo. sayes (printed at ... 
h! u ea.-p a sm! mur opposite to St. Dunstan's church: quaere if 
cxviii. 23 , 24. not writt by Sir Thomas Clargies, brother to 

her Grace, formerly an apothecary ; and was physician to 
his army, and 1660 was created M. Dr., who commonly 
at Coffee-houses uses to pretend strange things, of his con- 
trivances, and bringing-on of his brother-in-lawe to . . .). 

Well ! A free Parliament was chosen, and mett the ... 
of .... Sir Harbottle Grimston, knight and baronet, was 
chosen Speaker. The first thing he putt to the question 
was, ' Whether CHARLES STEWARD should be sent for, or 
no ? ' ' Yea, yea,' nemine contradicente. Sir John Greenvill 
(now earle of Bathe) was then in towne, and posted away 
to Bruxells ; found the king at dinner, little dreaming 
of so good newes, rises presently from dinner, had his 
t This i have coach immediately made readie, and that night 

heard bishop " i 

John Earies and gott out of the king of Spame s dominions 

his wife Bridget, \ 

then at Bruxeiis, mto the prince of Orange s country, I thinke, 

say, severall -r, , . 

times. Breda J. 

a Subst. for ' burned.' b Many there were' followed : scored out. 

c Haec ' in the Vulgate. 

George Monk 77 

Now, as the morne growes lighter and lighter, and more 
glorious, till it is perfect day, so * it was with the joy of the 
people. Maypoles, which in the hypocriticall times, 'twas 
... to sett-up, now were sett up in every crosse-way : 
and at the Strand, neer Drury-lane, was sett-up the most 
prodigious one for height, that (perhaps) was ever seen ; 
they were faine (I remember) to have the assistance of the 
sea-men's art to elevate it ; that which remaines (being 
broken with a high wind anno .... I thinke about 1672) is 
but two parts of three of the whole height from the grownd, 
besides what is in the earth. The juvenile and rustique 
folkes at that time had so much their fullnesse of desires 
in this kind, that I thinke there have been very few sett-up 
since. The honours conferred on G. M. every one knowes. 

His sence might be good enough, but he was slow, and 
heavie. He dyed anno . . . and had a magnificent funerall, 
suitable to his greatnesse. His figure in his robes was very 
artificially donne, which lay in a catafalco under a canopie, 
in or neer the east end of Westminster abby, a moneth 
or 6 weekes. Seth Ward, lord bishop of Sarum (his great 
acquaintance), preached his funerall sermon, which is 
printed for ... His eldest brother dyed sine prole, about 
the time of the King's returne. His other brother, 
(Nicholas Monk a ) was made bishop of Hereford. G. M. 
and his duchess dyed within a day or two of each other. 
The bishop of Sarum told me that he did the last office of 
a confessor to his grace ; and closed his eies, as his lordship 
told me himselfe. 

Some moneths before G. M/s comeing into England, the 
king sent Sir Richard Grenvill (since earl of Bath) to him 
to negotiate with him that he would doe him service, and 
to correspond with him. Said he, ' If opportunity be, I will 
doe him service ; but I will not by any meanes have any 
correspondence b with him ' ; and he did like a wise man 
in it ; for if he had he would certainly have been betrayed. 

'Twas shrewd advice which (William) Wyld, then 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 19. a Died Dec. 17, 1661. 

b Dupl. with ' hold a correspondence.' 

78 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Recorder of London, gave to the citizens, i. e. to keep their 
purse-strings fast ; els, the Parliament would have payed 
the army and kept out the king. 

He was first an ensigne, and after a captain, in the Lowe- 
countreys, and for making false musters was like to have 
been ... which he afterward did not forget : from 
major Cosh. 

This underneath was writt on the dore of the House 

of Commons. 

Till it be understood 

What is under Monke's hood, 

The citizens putt in their homes. 
Untill the ten dayes are out, 
t Lenthail. The Speaker t haz the gowt, 

And the Rump, they sitt upon thornes. 

Memorandum : Mr. Baron Brampton hath invited me 
to his chamber to give me a farther account of generall 
Monk. I a let slip the opportunity, and my honoured 
friend is dead. 

Sir Jonas Moore (1617-1679). 

* Sir Jonas More: vide b 4>, p. 128. Sciatica he cured 
it, by boyling his buttock. The D. c Y. said that ' Mathe- 
maticians and physicians had no religion ' : which being 
told to Sir Jonas More, he presented his duty to the D. Y. d 
and wished 'with all his heart that his highnesse were 
a mathematician too ' : this was since he was supposed to 
be a Roman Catholic. 

** He was a clarke under Dr. Burghill, Chancellor of 
Durham. Parson Milbourne, in the Bishoprick, putt him 
upon the Mathematiques, and instructed him in it. Then 
he came to the Middle Temple, London, where he published 
his Arithmetique, and taught it in Stanhop-street. After 
this, gott-in with the lord Gorges, earle of Bedford, and 

a Added later. And then Aubrey c i. e. Duke of York, 

struck out ' hath ' in the preceding d Subst. for ' to his highnesse.' 

memo. ** Notes on fol. 96 of MS. Aubr. 6, 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. I2 V . perhaps added later than the body of 

* See supra, p. 4. the notice. 

Sir Jonas Moore 79 

Sir Thomas Chichiley, for the surveying of the fennes : 
from captain Sherbourne. 

Mr. . . . Gascoigne (of the North, I thinke Yorkeshire), 
a person of good estate, a most learned gentleman, who 
was killed in the civill warres in the king's cause, a great 
mathematician, and bred by the Jesuites at Rome, gave 
him good information in mathematicali knowledge. Pray 
inquire of our friend, Mr. Ralph Sheldon, for as many 
memorialls of him l as you can : he was one of the most 
accomplisht gentlemen of his time. 

* Sir Jonas Moore 2 was borne at Whitelee in Lanca- 
shire, towards the bishoprick of Durham. He was inclined 
to mathematiques when a boy, which some kind friends* 
of his (whom he mentions in the preface of his first edition 
of his Arithmetique, dedicated to ... about 1647, an d 
Edmund Wyld, esq.), and afterwards Mr. Oughtred. more 
fully enformed him ; and then he taught gentlemen in 
London, which was his livelyhood. 

When the great levell of the fennes was to be surveyed, 
Mr. Wyld aforesaid who was his scholar and a member of 
Parliament was very instrumentall in helping him to the 
employment of surveying it, which was his rise, which I 
have heard him acknowledge with much gratitude before 
severall persons of quality, since he was a knight, and 
which evidenced an excellent good nature in him. 

ftjr" Memorandum: when he surveyed the fennes, he 
observed the line that the sea made on the beach, which is 
not a streight line (quaere what line ?), by which meanes he 
gott great credit in keeping-out the sea in Norfolke ; so b 
he made his bankes against the sea of the same line that 
the sea makes on the beach ; and no other could doe it, 
but that the sea would still breake-in upon it. 

Memorandum : he made a modell of (a) citadell for 
Oliver Cromwell, to bridle the city of London, which 
Mr. Wyld has ; and this citadell was to have been the 
crosse building of St. Paule's church. 

* MS. Aubr: 6, fol. 96. a William Milbourne. 

b c so ' subst. for ' for.' 

8o Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

Upon the restauration of his majestic he was made 
Master Surveyor of his majestie's ordinance and armories. 

A. D. 167- he received the honour of knighthood. He 
was a good mathematician, and a good fellowe. 

He dyed at Godalmyng, comeing from Portsmouth to 
London . . ., and was buried Septemb. 2 d 1679, at the 
Tower Chapell, with sixtie peices of ordinance (equal to 
the number of his yeares). He was tall and very fat, thin 
skin, faire, cleare grey eie. 

He alwayes intended to have left his library of mathema- 
ticall bookes to the Royall Societie, of which he was 
a member ; but he happened to dye without making a will, 
wherby the Royal Societie have a great losse. 

His only sonne, Jonas, had the honour of knighthood 
conferred upon him, August 9, 1680, at Windsor; 'his 
majestic being pleased to give him this marke of his favour 
as well in consideration of his owne abilities, as of the 
faithfull service of his father deceased ' (London Gazette, no. 
1537) but young Sir Jonas, when he is old, will never be 
old Sir Jonas, for all the Gazette's elogie. 

Memorandum : speake to Sir Christopher Wren to gett 
the wooden sphaere that was made for Prince Henry by 
Mr. (Edward) Wright, out of young Sir Jonas Moore's 
handes, into the king's again. 

I remember Sir Jonas told us that a Jesuite (I think 
'twas Grenbergerus, of the Roman College) found out 
a way of flying, and that he made a youth a performe it. 
Mr. Gascoigne taught an Irish boy the way, and he flew 
over a river in Lancashire (or therabout), but when he was 
up in the ay re, the people gave a shoute, wherat the boy 
being frighted, he fell downe on the other side of the river, 
and broke his legges, and when he came to himselfe, he 
sayd that he thought the people had seen some strange 
apparition, which fancy amazed him. This was anno 
1635, and he spake it in the Royall Societie, upon the 
account of the flyeing at Paris, two yeares since. Vide 
the Transactions. 

a ' a youth ' subst. for ' one.' 

Sir Robert Moray 81 

I remember I have heard Sir Jonas say that when he 
began mathematiques, he wonderfully profited by reading 
Billingesley's Euclid, and that 'twas his excellent, cleare, 
and plaine exposition of the 4 th proposition of the first 
booke of the Elements, did first open and cleare his under- 

standing : quod N.B. 


1 i. e. William Gascoigne : vol. i. p. 260. Ralph Sheldon of Beoly was a 
Catholic ; and at his house Anthony Wood received much information about 
Catholic writers : Clark's Wood's Life and Times, iii. 98. 

2 Aubrey gives in trick the coat : ' azure, a swan within a bordure engrailed 

Sir Robert Moray (16 -- 

* Sir Robert Moray, knight : he was of the ancient 
family of the Morays in Scotland. He was borne ... (as 
I take it, in the Highlands), anno domini . , . The High- 
landers (like the Swedes) can make their owne cloathes ; 
and I have heard Sir Robert say that he could doe it. 

He spent most of his time in France. After his juvenile 
education at schoole and the University he betooke himselfe 
to military employment in the service of Lewis the I3th. 
He was at last Lieuetenant- Colonel to . . . He was a great 
master of the Latin tongue and was very well read. They 
say he was an excellent soldier. 

He was far from the rough humour of the camp breeding, 
for he was a person the most obliging about the court and 
the only man that would doe a kindnesse gratis upon an 
account of friendship. A lacquey could not have been 
more obsequious and diligent. What I doe now averre 
I know to be true upon my owne score as well as others. 
He was a most humble and good man, and as free from 
covetousness as a Carthusian. He was abstemious and 
abhorred woemen. His majesty was wont to teaze at him. 
'Twas pitty he was a Presbyterian. 

He was the chiefe appuy of his countreymen and their 
good angel. There had been formerly a great friendship 
between him and the duke of Lauderdale, till, about a yeare 
or two before his death, he went to the duke on his returne 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 53. 
II. G 

82 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

from Scotland and told him plainly that he had betrayed 
his countrey. 

He was one of the first contrivers and institutors of the 
Royall Societie and was our first president, and performed 
his charge in the chaire very well. 

He was my most honoured and obligeing friend, and 
I was more obliged to him then to all the courtiers besides. 
I had a great losse in his death, for, had he lived, he would 
have got some employment or other for me before this 
time. He had the king's eare as much as any one, and 
was indefatigable in his undertakings. I was often with him. 
I was with him three houres the morning he dyed ; he seemed 
to be well enough a . I remember he dranke at least \ pint 
of faire water, according to his usuall custome. 

His lodgeing where he dyed was the leaded pavillion in 
the garden at Whitehall. He dyed suddenly July 4 th 
about 8 hours P.M. A. D. 1673. Had but one shilling in 
his pocket, i. e. in all. The king buryed him. He lyes by 
Sir William Davenant in Westminster abbey. 

He was a good chymist and assisted his majestic in his 
chymicall operations. 

Sir Thomas More (1480-1535). 

* Sir Thomas More 1 , Lord Chancellour : his countrey- 
howsewas at Chelsey : in Middlesex, where Sir John Danvers 
built his house. The chimney-piece of marble in Sir John's 
chamber, was the chimney-piece of Sir Thomas More's 
chamber, as Sir John himselfe told me. Where the gate is 
mow, adorned with two noble pyramids, there stood anciently 
;a gate- house, which was flatt on the top, leaded, from 
whence is a most pleasant prospect of the Thames and the 
fields beyond. On this place the Lord Chancellour More 
was wont to recreate himselfe and contemplate. It happened 
one time that a Tom of Bedlam came-up to him, and had 
a mind to have throwne him from the battlements, saying 

* A note of Aubrey's conversation under Henry and Thomas Vaughan. 
with him that morning is found in * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 96*. 

a letter dated July 5, 1673, cited 

Sir Thomas More 83 

' Leap, Tom, leap.' The Chancellour was in his gowne, and 
besides ancient, and not able to struggle with such a strong 
fellowe. My lord had a little dog with (him) ; sayd he 
' Let us first throwe the dog downe, and see what sport 
that will be ' ; so the dog was throwne over. ' This is very 
fine sport,' sayd my lord, ( let us fetch him up, and try once 
more.' While the madman was goeing downe, my lord 
fastned the dore, and called for help, but ever after kept 
the dore shutt. 

Memorandum that in his Utopia his lawe a is f that 
t vide Utopia *-ke voun g people are to see each other stark- 
naked before marriage. Sir (William) Roper, 
of . . . in b Eltham in Kent, came one morning, 
Aubr. s, foi. 42. p re tty early, to my lord, with a proposall to 
marry one of (his) daughters. My lord's daughters were 
then both together a bed in a truckle-bed in their father's 
chamber asleep. He carries Sir (William) into the 
chamber and takes the sheet by the corner and suddenly 
whippes it off. . . . c Here was all the trouble of the 
wooeing. This account I had from my honoured friend 
old Mris. Tyndale, whose grandfather Sir William Stafford 
was an intimate acquaintance of this Sir . . . Roper, who 
told him the story. 

This Sir (William) Roper (from whom d is descended 
the lord Tenham) had in one piece, drawne by Hans 
Holbeine, the pictures of Sir Thomas More, his lady, and 
all his children, which hung at his house aforesaid in 
Kent : but about 1675 'twas presented as a raritie to King 
Charles II and hangs in Whitehall. 

His discourse was extraordinary facetious. Riding one 
night, upon the suddaine, he crossed himself major i cruce, 
\ videErasmi crying out J ' Jesu Maria! doe not you see 
1 Spec q tra^nT' that prodigious dragon in the sky ? ' They all 
lookt-up, and one did not see it, nor the tother did not 

a Dupl. with ' fashion.' d Rectius from whose younger 

b Dupl. with ' by.' brother Christopher Roper ; Chris- 

c Five lines of text are here sup- topher's son, Sir John Roper, being 

pressed. created baron Teynham in 1616. 

G 2 

84 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

see it. At length one had spyed it, and at last all had 
spied. Wheras there was no such phantdme ; only he 
imposed on their phantasies. 

After he was beheaded, his trunke was interred in Chelsey 
+ sir Thomas cnurc h> neer the middle of the south wall, 
tK?i4"the p ' W ^ ere was some slight monument f erected, 
chan h ce s /uin fthe wm ' en being wome by time, about 1644 Sir ... 
-sir joht urch> Laurence, of Chelsey (no kinne to him), at his 

OWn P r P ef COSt *"<* chardgCS, erected tO his 

rnemorie a handsome faire inscription of marble. 
Hi s head was upon London bridge: there 
g oes this story in the family, viz. that one 
day as one of his daughters was passing under 
the bridge, looking on her father's head a , 
sayd she, ' That head haz layn b many a time in my lapp, 
would to God it would fall into my lap as I passe under.' 
She had her wish, and it did fall into her lappe. and is now 
preserved in a vault in the cathedrall church at Canterbury. 
The descendant of Sir Thomas, is Mr. More, of Chilston, 
in Herefordshire, where, among a great many things of 
value plundered by the soldiers, was his chap, which they 
kept for a relique. Methinks 'tis strange that all this time 
he is not canonized, for he merited highly of the church. 

Memorandum : in the hall of Sir John Lenthall, at 
Bessils-Lye in Berks, is an original of Sir Thomas and his 
father, mother, wife, and children, donne by Hans Holbein. 
There is an inscription in golden letters of about 60 lines, 
which I spake to Mr. Thomas Pigot, of Wadham College, 
to transcribe, and he has donne it very carefully. Aske 
him for it. Vide Mr. Thomas Pigot, in part d iii. 

Memorandum : about the later end of Erasmus's 
Epistolae, Antverp edition, pag. 503, 504, 505, is an epitaph 
for Sir Thomas More, and another for his lady. 

* Dupl. with 'when she looked on Wood, Jan. 16, 167! : MS - Wood F. 

his head.' 39, fol. i6o v . 

b Dupl. with 'been.' <* j >e . MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 97 V ; see 

c In the Civil War. This story is in the life of Thomas Pigot, infra. 

told by Aubrey in a letter to Anthony 

Sir Thomas More 85 

Memorandum : Sir Thomas More's father had a countrey 
house at Gubbins in Hertfordshire, which is in the familie 
still, who are still Catholiques ; whether he was borne there 
or no, non constat : (from) Seth Ward, episcopus 

* Educatus in aula cardinalis Morton, prout in Utopia 

pag- 49, 5- 

Sir John Lenthall at Besilslye haz a rare and large 
picture of Hans Holbein's painting in his hall there, where 
are the figures, as big as the life, of Sir Thomas (More) 
and his father (a judge) and mother, wife and children, and 
a long inscription, which gett Mr. Pigot to transcribe, for it 
begins to be defaced. 

Sir Thomas More, knight: Quaestiones duae: 

An chimaera bombinans in vacuo possit comedere se- 

cundas intentiones ? 
An averia capta in Withernamio sint replegiabilia ? 

Memorandum : his folio, English. 

Epigrammata, i6mo. 

Utopia. Vide in Utopia his titles of civis Londiniensis 
and vicecomes Londiniensis. 

His behaviour on the scaffold. 

** CC7" See about the later end of Erasmus' Epistolae 
(in the Antverp edition, 8vo, 'tis in pagg. 503, 504, 505) 
an epitaph made for Sir Thomas More, and another for 
his wife (as I thinke, never set up). But be sure to 
obtaine a copie of the inscription under his picture and of 
his family at Basilleigh, which Mr. Thomas Pigot hath, 
and he only can help you to it. Therin are remarques 
of that family nowhere els to be had. 


1 Aubrey gives the coat: ' . . ., a chevron between 3 heath-cocks . . .' 
wreathed with laurel. He adds : ' This coate of armes is in the hall at New 
Inne, of which house I presume Sir Thomas was, according to the education 
of former times.' 

He adds the references 'see part iii, p. 45 b ' (i.e. MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 97* in the 
life of Thomas Pigot), and ' vide A. Wood's Awtiq. Oxon' 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 42. ** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 5. 

86 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Lancelot Morehouse (16 1672). 

* Mr. Launcelot Moorhouse, minister of Pertwood 
(40 li. per annum), about 6 miles from Kilmanton, a very 
learned man, and a solid and profound mathematician, 
wrote against Mr. Francis Potter's booke of 666, and falls 
upon him, for that 25 is not the true roote, but the pro- 
pinque root ; to which Mr. Potter replied with some 
sharpnes, and that it ought not to be the true roote, for 
this agrees better with his purpose. The manuscript pro 
and con Mr. Morehouse gave to Seth Ward, bishop of 
Sarum, 1668 ; together with a MS. in folio (in French) 
of legues between . . . king of England and . . . king of 
France, and a prophecy concerning England, curiously 
written in Latin verse, one sheet in 4to, which he rescued 
from the tayler's sheeres. 

Mr. Moorhouse (of Cambridge) is dead and left his 
many excellent mathematicall notes to his ingeniose friend, 
John Graunt, of Hindon. 

He writt in 4to de Quadratura Circuli ; wherin is a great 
deale of witt and learning ; but at last Dr. Davenant (his 
neighbour) evinced him of his paralogisme. I would have 
it printed (for it is learnedly a donne) to show where and 
how great witts may erre and be decieved. 

He was a man of a very searching witt, and indefatigable 
at solving a question, as I have heard Dr. Edward Davenant 
oftentimes say. 

He was either of Clare-hall or King's Colledge. West- 
moreland by birth. Curate at Chalke to Mr. Waller. He 
was preferred by bishop (Humphrey) Hinchman to Little 
Langford, where he dyed about 1672. 

Sir Thomas Morgan (16 1679). 

** The life of Sir Thomas Morgan will be printed in 
about three weekes time by ... 
From Mr. Howe : 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 60*. ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 14 : the part in 

a Subst for 'well.' square brackets is Howe's autograph. 

Sir Thomas Morgan 87 

\Clarissimo fortissimoque Thomae Morgana, equiti aurato, impera- 
torum hujus aetatis facile principi. 

Quae non in terris sensit gens bellica quantus 

Dux sit Morganus, compede, strage, fuga? 
Ashleus, Austriacus, Condaeus, Monkus et ipse, 

Lesleiusque aquilas erubuere tuas. 
Fairfaxus, Glencarnus, famaque Middletoni, 

Hopton jure prior sed tibi Marte minor. 
Victrices culpas delemus, vidimus ex quo 

Erecta auspiciis sceptra Britanna tuis, 
Et Carolum regnis reducem et Monkum modo fultum 

Auxiliis fusum Lamberitumque tuis. 
Inclytus Arthurus tibi conterranneus olim, 

Heroe Arthuro credimus esse satum. 
(by) . . . Jones a , B.D.] 

* Sir Thomas Morgan : Sir John Lenthall told me 
that at the taking of Dunkyrke, Marshall Turenne, and, 
I thinke, Cardinall Mezarine too, had a great mind to see 
this famous warrior. They gave him a visitt, and wheras 
they thought to have found an Achillean or gigantique 
person, they sawe a little man, not many degrees b above a 
dwarfe c , sitting in a hutt of turves with his fellowe soldiers, 
smoaking a pipe about 3 inches (or neer so) long, with 
a green hatt-case on. He spake with a very exile tone, 
and did cry-out to the soldiers, when angry with them, 
' Sirrah, Tie cleave your skull ! ' as if the wordes had been 
prolated by an eunuch. 

He was of meane parentage in Monmouthshire. He went 
over to the Lowe-Countrie warres about 16, being recom- 
mended by some friend of his to some commander there, who, 
when he read the letter, sayd, ' What ! has my cosen . . . 
recommended a rattoon to me ? ' at which he tooke pett, 
and seek't his fortune (as a soldier) in Saxon Weymar. 

He spake Welch, English, French, High Dutch, and 
Lowe Dutch, but never a one well. He seated himself at 
Cheuston, in Herefordshire. 

a Probably Thomas Jones ; supra, c In the index to MS. Aubr. 6, he 

p. ii. is referred to as 'little Sir Thomas 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 15. Morgan, the great soldier.' 
b Subst. for ' not much above.' 

88 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

* Sir Thomas Morgan : quaere Dr. a Jones. Quaere 
Mr. Howe at Peter Griffiths', in Yorke buildings, neer the 
staires : he was his secretary and haz his memoires. 
Quaere Mr. Jones for a copie of Sir Thomas Morgan's 
epitaph. He lies buried in St. Martyn's church (in-the)- 
fields, London: quaere if his tombe is erected. Obiit 
about 1679. 

** Thomas Morgan : vide Mr. Howe at Mr. Griffyn's 
howse in York buildings, below Mi. Kent, next house but 
one or two to the water : he was his secretary and has his 
memoires. Quaere Mr. Jones for the copie of his epitaph. 
He lies interred in St. Martin's church : quaere if his tombe 
is erected. Obiit about 1679. 

William Morgan (1622-16 ) 

*** Mariana Morgan, . . . daughter of major Morgan of 
Wells, was borne there, New Yeare's Eve's eve, XX yeares 
since next New Yeare's Eve, about 5 or 6 a clock P.M. 
She is a swidging lustie woman. 

**** William Morgan, first son of captain William 
Morgan, was borne at Wells, the 6th of November, Saterday 
morning, something before day. When he dyed he was 
22 and as much as from the time of his birth. He dyed 
last Xtmas, viz. 1674, the Fryday after XII day b . 
Memorandum in 1670 he was very like to dye of a feaver. 
Anno . . . , he maried (I think not much above a yeare 
before his death). Anno ... he dyed. 

***** Thomas Morgan, second sonne, natus ibidem, 
September 14, 1657 (about midnight, his mother thinkes). 
He was idle and unfortunate, and dyed 167-. Seemed 
to have Saturne much his enemie. 


These Morgans of Wells were ' cousins ' of Aubrey : see in the life of Sir 
Edmundbury Godfrey. The William Morgan who is there mentioned I take 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 15. **** MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 49. 

* A slip for Mr./ as infra. b i. e. Twelfth-day. 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 18. ***** MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 49*. 

*** MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 48*. 

John Morton. Thomas Mouffet 89 

to be William Morgan (son of John Morgan, gent., of Wor minster, co. Som.) 
who matriculated at Christ Church on Dec. 13, 1639, a g e d J 7> an d to De the 
Captain (or Major) William Morgan of this notice. William Morgan, the son, 
of this notice, is probably William Morgan (son of William Morgan of Wells, 
co. Som., gent.) who matriculated at Trinity College, May 27, 1669, aged 16. 

John Morton (1410-1500). 

* Cardinal Morton : lettre from A. Ettrick, esq., 9 July 
1681: 'The grant of Morton's coate was not to the 
cardinal, but I beleeve he like other great new clergie-men 
tooke the libertie to use what coate he pleased ; but 
about the 7th of Henry VIII (1515), the coate is granted 
by three heralds to one of the same family with a gratis 
dictum recital in the grant of a descent of a pretty many 
auncestors ingrafting him into the family of Bawtry (vide 
P]J a of Bawtry) in Yorkshire. This Sir Edward Bysh 
shewed me in the Heralds' Office.' Quod vide. 

Vide Utopia, pp. 49, 50, an immortall elogie ; Sir Thomas 
More in aula ejus educatus. 

** In my last I gave you some memoirs of cardinall 
Morton, and that the tradicion of the countrey people in 
Dorset, when I was a schooleboy there at Blandford, was 
that he was a shoe-maker's son of Bere in com. praedict. : 
but Sir William Dugdale . . . sayes 'by no meanes I 
must putt in writing hear-sayes.' 

His coate is this b , * quarterly, gules and ermine, in the 
first quarter a goat's head erased . . .' : which something 
resembles the shoemakers' armes, who give ' three goates' 
heades,' as you may see in the signe without Bocardo. 

This coate of Moreton is in the west chamber of the 
Katherine-wheele Inne at Great Wiccomb in Bucks, with 
(as I remember) the cardinall's cappe. 

Thomas Mouffet (1553-1604). 

***... Muffett, M.Dr., lived in his later time at 
Bulbridge (at the west end of Wilton it belongs to the 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 18'. fol. 397: Aug. 4, 1687. 
a i. e. the shield, the coat of arms. b Given in trick. 

** Aubrey in MS. Wood, F. 39, *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 83*. 

90 Aubrey s 'Brief Lives' 

earle of Pembroke) at the mannor-house there, which is 
a faire old-built house. This Bulbridge is adjoyning to 
Wilton ; the river a only parts it. 

At this place he dyed and lyes JJ^ 31 buryed at Wilton, 
but no memoriall of him vide the Register. 

The earl of Pembroke's steward told me that he findes 
by the old bookes and accounts that a pension of ... 
was payd him yearly. He was one of the learnedest 
physitians of that age. He writt a booke in Latin in 
folio de insectis which Dr. John Pell told me (quaere) here- 
tofore was first begun by a friar .... There was 
printed, long since his death, his booke Of Meates (in 
quarto, English), about 1649. Vide; I have it. 

* ... Mouffet : quaere brother 5 Tom ; vide the register 
at Wilton ; write to Mr. Gwyn c de hoc. Thomae Moufeti, 
Londinatis, Opera sumptibus Theodori de Mayerne edita, 

. . . Munday (16 -- 166-). 

** Mr. . . . Munday, a merchant, was a great traveller, 
and travelled from Archangel to the East Indies by land. 
He wrote Memoir 3 of all his journeys, a large folio, wherein 
he had draughts of their cities, habits d , customs, etc. 

He had a great collection of natural rarities, coynes, 
prints, etc. 

Mr. Baker e knew him. 

He died at Penrhyn in Cornwall about 20 yeares since. 
Quaere for them f . 

Robert Murray (1633-1725). 

*** Mr. Robert Murray is a citizen of London, a milliner, 
of the company of cloathworkers. His father, a Scotch- 

a Subst. for ' water.' d i.e. dress. 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 9. * i.e. ' printseller by the Royal 

b Aubrey's brother, see supra, p. 54. Exchange,' this note following that 

c Philip Gwyn, rector of Wilton given under Silas Taylor. 

St. Mary, Wilts, 1664. f i.e. these memoirs and collections. 

** MS. Aubr. 21, fol. 77. *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 28-. 

Richard Napier 91 

man ; mother, English. Borne in the Strand, Anno Dni. 
1633, December; christened (Dec.) 12 th . 

The penny-post was sett up anno Domini 1680, Our 
Lady day, being Fryday a , a most ingeniose and usefull 
project. Invented by Mr. . . . Murray 1 ' first, and then 
Mr. Dockery c joyned with him. It was set up Feb. i6|^. 

Mr. Murray d was formerly clarke to the generall 
company for the revenue of Ireland, and afterwards dark 
to the committee of the grand excise of England ; and was 
the first that invented and introduced into this city the club 
of commerce consisting of one of each trade, whereof there 
were after very many erected and are still continued in 
this city. And also continued 6 and sett-up the office or 
banke of credit at Devonshire house in Bishopsgate Street 
without, where men depositing their goods and merchan- 
dize were furnished with bills of current credit on or f of 
the value of the said goods answering to the intrinsique 
value of money, whereby the deficiency of coin might be 
fully subplyed : and for rendring the same current, a 
certaine or competent number of traders (viz. 10 or 20 of 
each trade, wherof there be 500 severall trades within the 
citty) were to be associated or formed into such a society 
or company of traders as might amongst them compleat 
the whole body of commerce, whereby any possest of the 
said current credit might be furnisht amongst themselves 
with any kind of goods or merchandise as effectually as 
for money could do elsewhere. 

Richard Napier (1559-1634). 

* Dr. Richard Napier l : he was no Doctor, but a divine 
(rector Lindfordiensis) and practised physick natus Maii 
4> I 559> IJ h. 4' P - M - in urbe Exoniae. 

ft March 25, 1680, was a Thursday. Life and 7'imes, iii. 31, 310. 

b Subst. for ' Dockery.' An inter- d This paragraph is not in Aubrey's 

linear note, ' He was heretofore clarke hand. Perhaps written for Aubrey by 

of the Committee of Indempnity/ is Murray himself, 

also scored out. e . ? contrived. 

c William Dockwra;Clark's\Vood's * MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 121. 

92 Aubrey s 'Brief Lives' 

* Dr. Napier was uncle and godfather to Sir Richard 


1 He is found at Exeter College (' Richard Napper'), aet. 17, Dec. 20, 1577. 
Aubrey intended to include his life in his collection, and has mentioned it in 
the index to MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 9 V : ' . . . Nepier, M.D. : (his life is) donne 
by Mr. Ashmole.' Ashmole's, and Aubrey's, interest in him arose from his 
astrological practice : ' nativities had (Dec. 1681) from Elias Ashmole, esq., 
out of Dr. Napier's papers,' are found in MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 121, iai v , and on 
a slip there. 

Sir Richard Napier (1608-167!). 

** Yesterday I was with Mr. Elias Ashmole, who tells 
me that Sir Richard Napier 1 was of Allsoules, and about 

I writt to you from Mr. Ashmole in a former letter 2 
that Sir Richard Napier is buryed at Lindford, but died 
at Besels-leigh ; but before he came thither, he lay at an 
inne at . . ., where, when the chamberlain brought him 
up to his chamber, and the Dr. look't on the bed and saw 
a dead man lye in or on the bed ' What ! ' sayd he, 
* do you lodge me where a dead man lies ? ' Sayd the 
chamberlain, ' Sir, here is no dead man.' The Dr. look't 
at it again, and saw it 'Was him selfe. And from thence he 
went (ill) to Besil's-leigh and died. 

*** On Sunday last I dined with Mr. Ashmole, who 
bids me answer you 3 positively that Sir Richard Napier 
never did write anything, and sayes he haz acquainted you 
thus much before by letter. 


1 He was nephew of the preceding. He matriculated at Wadham in 1624; 
was fellow of All Souls in 1628 ; and created M.D. in Nov. 1642. 

2 On June 29, 1689: now in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. s86 v : 'Sir Richard 
Napier was buried at Lynford, in Buckinghamshire : it was his manour, which 
his sonne sold for 19,500/2'.' 

3 This note is a postscript torn from a letter addressed, no doubt to Anthony 
Wood, by ' your faithful friend, J. Aubrey.' 

* Aubrey in MS. W T ood F. 39, ** Ibid., fol. 390 : July 15, 1689. 

fol. 386'. *** MS. Aubr. 21, fol. 90. 

Sir William Neale. Richard Neile 93 

Sir William Neale (1610-169?). 

* Sir William Neale, knight, skowt-master generall to 
king Charles the first, died on the 24th of March last 
i69y, in Grayes Inne lane, being 81 yeares old. He was 
buried, according to his desire, in Convent-garden church, 
and lies at the west dore, first by the christning pew. 
When he died, he was the oldest field-officer of king Charles 
the first. 

He was not lesse than 6 foot high: very beautifull in 
youth I remember him : and of great courage, but a 
great plunderer and eruell. 

He lived in towne ever since the Plott, and that worthy 
generous gentleman Edmund Wyld, esq., was much 
supporting to him. His mother and Sir William were 
cosens german. But for these 5 yeares last past his 
gowtes etc. emaciated him extremely ; so that he did often 
put me in mind of that of Ovid. Metamorph. (xv. 229), 

Fletque Milo senior cum spectat inanes 
Illos, qui fuerant solidorum more tororum 
Herculeis similes, fluidos pendere lacertos. 

He died poenitent. 

He was the grandsonne of ... Neale, esq., of Wollaston 
near Northampton, who maried one of Sir Edmund 
Conquest's sisters, of Houghton-Conquest, Bedfordshire. 
Sir Francis Clarke of Houghton-Conquest aforesaid (father 
of Mr. Edmund Wyld's mother, a daughter and heir) 
maried another sister of Sir Edmund Conquest. 

Sir William maried major- generall Egerton's sister, by 
whom he had issue William, a lusty stout fellow, of the 
guards, who died about the abdication, and two daughters. 

Richard Neile (1562-1640). 

** The father of ... Neile, archbishop of Yorke, was 
a tallow-chandler in Westminster from old major Cosh. 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 422 : March 26, 1691. 
** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 6. 

94 Aubrey s 'Brief Lives' 

William Neile (1637-1670). 

* I have sent now to Sir Paul Neile, whose father was 
archbishop of Yorke, for his sonne. Memorandum : a 
better-natured man a never lived: for his worth Dr. (John) 
Wallis can better characterise him than I can. 

** William Neile, esq., gentleman of the privy chamber 
in ordinary to king Charles the 2nd, eldest son to Sir 
Paul Neile, eldest son to the archbishop of Yorke, was 
borne at Bishops-thorpe (a house belonging to the arch- 
bishops of Yorke) neer Yorke, December the seventh, 
1637 ; and dyed at his father's howse in White Waltham 
in Berkshire, August 24th, 1670, and is buried in White 
Waltham church. Enquire of Dr. Wallis of his rare 
invention, which he has printed in one of his bookes : 
never before found out by man. 

John Newton (1622-1678). 

*## Dr. Newton, now parson of Rosse in Herefordshire, 
told me that he was of Edmund hall : yet living ; and 
lives-like, for when his stomach is out of order, he cures 
himselfe by eating a piece of hott roast beefe off the spitt. 
**** Dr. J. Newton : he told me he was borne in Bedford- 
shire, but would not tell me where. 

***** . . . Newton, D.D., minister of Ross, dyed there on 
Christmas day 1678, and buried in the chancell at Rosse 
neer the middle of the south wall. He was against learn- 
ing of Latin in a mathematicall school. 

John Norden (1548-1625). 

****** John Norden from Mr. Bagford, a good anti- 
quary, Mr. Crump's acquaintance. 

He lived at Fulham, and (perhaps) died there. 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. letter from Aubrey to Anthony Wood 

I35 V : Aug. 9, 1671. dated Nov. 17, 1670. 

a Than William Neile, the mathe- **** Ibid., fol. 129. 
matician. ***** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 2. 

** Ibid., a little later in the volume. ****** Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 49, 

*** MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 128, a fol. 67. 

Roger North 95 

He made mappes of Middlesex, Hartfortshire, Surrey, 
and Hampshire, and also Cornwall ; and he did not only 
make the mappes aforesaid but hath writt a descriptions of 
them, which Mr. Bagford hath, in quarto. The description 
of Cornwall (I thinke) was not printed; but Dr. Gale of 
Paule's schoole hath it in manuscript, quod N.B. 

He printed a booke called a Preparative to Speculum 
Britanniae, in 8vo ; item, his Travellers Guide, in 4to. 

Mr. Morgan, the herald painter, gives us an account 
in his Armorie, that he had, in his custodie, Kent, Essex, 
Isle of Man, Isle of Wight, and Hants. 

In the end of Mr. Gregorie's posthumous workes, he 
gives us an account of the excellency of Mr. Norden's 
mappes, and Saxton's too. 

His dialogues I have, in 4to, printed first, 1610 ; 
dedicated to (Robert) Cecil, earle of Salisbury, whose 
servant he was, (I suppose) steward or surveyor. 

Sometime or other I will looke into the church at 
Fulham : he died ('tis thought) in King James the first 

Mr. Wood ! pray add this to the rest of the lives. 

Roger North 

* Captain Roger North was brother to (Dudley, 3rd) 
lord North. He was a great acquaintance of Sir Walter 
Ralegh's and accompanied him in his voyages. He was 
with him at Guiana, and never heard that word b but he 
would fall into a passion for the miscariage of that action. 

He was a great algebrist, which was rare in those dayes ; 
but he had the acquaintance of his fellow-traveller 
Mr. Hariot. 

He and his voyages are much cited in ... Voyages in 
Latin in folio (quaere nomen libri a domino J. Vaughan c ). 

He was a most accomplished gentleman. 

8 Dupl. with ' printed.' c John Vaughan, son of Richard, 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 32 V . second earl of Car berry ; succeeded as 
b i. e. the name ' Guiana.' 3rd earl in 1687 ; governor of Jamaica. 

96 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

He died in Fleet Street about anno Domini 1656 or 57, 
and buryed . . . 

He had excellent collections and remarques of his 
voyages, which were all unfortunately burnt in Fleet 
Street at the great conflagration of the city. From my 
(friend) Sir Francis North, Lord Chiefe Justice of the 
Common Pleas, his nephew, and Edmund Wyld, esq., 
who knew him very well. 

He dyed about the time of the fire (?) ; quaere iterum. 

This family speakes not well of Sir Walter Raleigh, that 
Sir Walter designed to breake with the Spanyard, and to 
make himselfe popular in England. When he came to 
. . . , he could not show them where the mines of gold 
were. He would have then gonne to the king of France 
(Lewis XIII), but his owne men brought him back. 

* Capt. North quaere if of Oxon a : I thinke of 
University College. 

Thomas North (1535-1601). 

** Mr. Thomas North, that translated Plutarch's Lives 
(my lord chief justice b tells me) was great-uncle to his 

Richard Norwood (r59o?-i675). 

*** Mr. Richard Norwood : where he was born I can- 
not yet learn. 

Norwood is an ancient family: about 300 yeares since 
St. Low maried with a daughter and heire of them and 
quarters the coate in the margent c . They flourish still in 
Gloucestershire, the mannour of Lakhampton belonging 
to them. 'Tis probable that this learned Norwood was 
that countreyman. 

In his Epistle to the Reader before his Trigonometric : 

' but I am already sensible of the unfriendly dealings of some, even 
of our own countreymen, who, when these tables were printing and 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 6. b Sir Francis North, Chief Justice 

a He is not found in the matricu- of the Common Pleas, 1675. 

lations. *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 79*. 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 32*. c ' Ermine, a cross engrailed gules.' 

Richard Norwood 97 

almost finished, came to the printing house and not onely tooke a 
sufficient view of them there, but carried away a president without the 
printer's leave, and have caused them to be printed beyond sea, the 
impression or a great part of it being already come over. 
Tower-hill, anno 1631, November i.' 

My edition is the third, 1656 ; and there hath been one 

The Seaman's practice, containing a fundamental 
probleme in navigation experimentally verified, namely, 
touching the compasse of the earth and sea, and the 
quantity of a degree, in our English measure ; also an exact 
method or form of keeping a reckoning at sea in any kind 
or manner of sayling, with certain tables and other rules 
usefull in navigation ; as also the plotting and surveying 
of places, the latitude of the principal places in England, 
the finding of the currents at sea and what allowance is to 
be given in respect of them, by Richard Norwood, reader 
of the Mathematicks, London, 1655, 4to dedicated to 
Robert, earle of Warwick. 

He, at his owne chardge, measured with a chaine from 
Barwick to Christ Church (he sayes he came up in ten or 
eleven dayes) in order to the finding the quantitie of 
a degree, and so the circumference of the earth and sea, in 
our known measures July i, 1636. 

He also published a treatise of the modern way of 
fortification, 163-, in 4to. 

By a letter from Nicholas, earle of Thanet, to me, 
concerning his purchase in the Bermudas, not dated, but 
writ about 1674 or 5 thus : ' as to old Mr. Norwood, to 
whom the Royal Society would send some quaeres, is 
lately dead, as his sonne informes me, who lately went 
captaine in that ship wherein I sent my gardiner and 
vines to the Bermudas. He was aged above 90.' 

* Trigonometrie, both plain and sphaerical, by Richard 
Norwood, reader of the Mathematicks. ' This seaventh 
edition being diligently corrected ; in divers difficult places 
explained ; new table of the starres' right ascentions and 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 80. 
IT. H 

98 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

declinations added ; and the whole worke very much 
enlarged by the author himselfe.' Printed for William 
Fisher at the Postern gate neer the Tower, etc., 1678. 

' To the Reader. If any man thinke it should be 
a hinderance to them who have been at the chardge to print 
that which Mr. Briggs hath begun upon that subject,, he may 
be pleased to take notice that though we both handle the 
same thing, yet it is in a different manner, and there is 
scarce any one proposition handled by us both ; besides 
his is in Latine, mine in English. Towerhill, anno 1631, 
November i.' 

William Noy (1577-1634). 

* From Fabian Philips, esq. : 

Mr. attorney-generall Noy was a great lawyer and 
a great humorist. There is a world of merry stories 
of him. 

A countrey-fellow of Cumberland a . . . 

He would play at spanne-counter with the taverne- 

A countrey clowne asked for a good inne, and he bids 
him ride into Lincoln's Inne, and asked if his horse went 
to hay or to grasse. 

He caused the breeches of a bencher of Lincolne's Inne 
to be taken-in by a tayler and made him beleeve that he 
had the dropsie. 

One time he mett accidentally with Butler b , the famous 
physitian of Cambridge, at the earle of Suffolke's (Lord 
Treasurer 6 ). They were strangers to each other, and both 
walking in the gallerie. Noy was wearied, and would 
be gonne. Butler would know his name. Noy had him to 
the Peacock Taverne in Thames Street, and fudled all 
that day. 

Another time Noy and Pine of Lincolne's Inne went 
afoot to Barnet with clubbes in their hands, like countrey- 

* MS. Anbr. 8, fol. 26. Referred b Vol. i. p. 138. 

to in MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 6 : ' see con- c Thomas Howard, created Earl of 

earning attorney Noy, in part the 3 d .' Suffolk 1603 ; Lord High Treasurer 

* Story left untold. 1614-1618; died 1626. 

John Ogilby 99 

fellowes. They went to the Red Lyon inne ; the people 
of the house were afrayd to trust them, fearing they might 
not pay. 

* Ex registro Brandford, thus : ' William Noy, the 
king's attorney, buried August the nth day, 1634.' Buried 
under the communion table, not alter-waies, in the chancell 
at New Brentford in the county of Middlesex, under 
a stone broken ; brasse lost and inscription. 

John Ogilby (1600-1676). 

** Mr. John Ogilby 1 natus a November 17, 5 h 15' mane, 

*** John Ogilby, esq., was borne at ... (quaere 
Mr. John Gadbury 2 ) in Scotland, November . . ., 1600, 
Scorpione ascendente. He was of a gentleman's family, 
and bred to his grammar. 

**** (He) would not tell where in Scotland he was 
borne : quaere. He sayd drollingly that he would have 
as great contests hereafter for the place of his birth as of 
Homer's : but he made this rythme : 
At ... cleare 
ther did I well fere 
where b . . . man 

***** Mr. Gadbury sayes that Mr. Ogilby told him (he 
was very sure) that he was borne either in or neer Edin- 
burgh. Sed tamen quaere de hoc of Mr. Morgan his 

****** Mr. John Ogilby, borne , . . in Scotland, of a 
gentleman's family; bred a scholar. In c his youth bred 
to dancing at London : which he afterwards professed. His 
father spent his estate and fell to decay ; and J. O. by his 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, J. Gadbury) in Scotland, November 
fol. 181 ; Aug. 12, 1672. . . ., anno Domini 1600.' 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 46. **** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 45. 

a Aubrey gives there the horoscope b The writing is partly illegible, 

on this scheme. from blots. 

*** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 44. In MS. ***** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 46. 

Aubr. 7, fol. i9 v , the draft is 'John ****** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 20. 

Ogilby, esq., was borne at ... (quaere c This sentence is scored out. 

H 2, 

ioo Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

owne industry f at or about the age of 1 2 or 13, he relieved 
t spangles, hi s parents. 

* His father 3 had spent his estate, and fell 
to decay, and was a prisoner in the King's Bench, whom, 
together with his mother, his son relieved by his owne 
industry, being then but about the age of 12 or 13 yeares. 
By the advantage of his sonne's industry, he raysed a small 
summe of money, which he adventured in the lottery for 
the advancement of the plantation in Virginia, anno . . . 
and he gott out of prison by this meanes. His motto (of 
his lott) was, 

' I am a poor prisoner, God wott, 
God send me a good lott, 
Tie come out of prison, and pay all my debt.' 

It so happened that he had a very good lott, that did 
pay his debts. 

** John (the son) bound himselfe apprentice to one 
Mr. Draper*, who kept a dancing-schoole in Grayes-Inne- 
Lane, and in short time arrived to so great excellency in that 
art, that he found meanes to purchase his time of his 
master and sett up for himselfe. 

When the duke of Buckingham's great masque b was 
represented at court (vide Ben Jonson), anno . . . (quaere), 
he was chosen (among the rest) to performe some extra- 
ordinary part in it, and high-danceing, i.e. vaulting and 
cutting capers, being then in fashion, he, endeavouring to 
doe something extraordinary, by misfortune of a false step 
when he came to the ground, did spraine a veine on the 
inside of his leg, of which he was lame ever after, which gave 
an occasion to say that 'he was an excellent dancing 
master, and never a good leg.' 

He taught 2 of the lord Hopton's (then Sir Ralph) sisters 
to dance, then at Witham in Somersetshire ; and Sir Ralph 

* MS. Aubr. , fol. 44. Aubr. 8, fol. 45. 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 44. The first b < quaere the D(uke of>B<ucking- 

draft is in MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 20. ham')s maske ' MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 45. 

a ' He was apprentice to John ' Quaere nomen and time vide 

Draper, a dancing-master.' MS. B. Jonscn.' MS. Aubr. 7. fol. 20. 

John Ogilby 101 

taught a him to handle the pike and musket, scil. all the 

* Anno h . . . (the yeare before lord Strafford went to 
Ireland c , Deputie) he kept a dancing school in the Blarck- 
Spread-Eagle Court (then an inne) in Grayes Inne lane. 
Mr. John Lacy, the player, from whom I take this informa- 
tion, was his apprentice. 

** In the yeare . . ., he went over into Ireland to 
Thomas, earle of Strafford, Lord Liuetenant there, and 
was there enterteined to teach in that family. And here 
it was that first he gave proofe of his inclination to poetry, 
by paraphrasing upon some of ^Esop's fables. (He writt 
a fine hand.) He had d a warrant from the Lord Livetenant 
to be Master of the Ceremonies for that kingdome ; and 
built a little 6 theatre in St. Warburgh street, in Dublin. 
It was a short time before the rebellion brake out, by 
which he lost all, and ran thorough many hazards, and 
particularly being like to have been blow'n-up at the castle 
of Refarnum neer Dublin. 

*** Anno 1 6 he went into Ireland with the lord 
Strafford (Deputy) and rode in his troupe of guards, as 
one of my lord's gentlemen, which gave occasion of his 
writing an excellent copie of verses called The description 
of a trouper, which gett f . 

Mr. J. O. was g in the Lord Lieutenant's troope of 
guards, and taught his lady and children to dance; that 
was his place. And he there made those excellent verses 
of the Trouper (quaere). 'Twas there he ... 

knees 'gainst knees 
(umbonibus umbo). 

a ' taught him his use of pike and pretty little ' in MS. Aubr. 7, 

musket.' MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 20. fol. 20. 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 45. *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 45. 

b 'i 62 7 'was written but scored out. f 'Quaere his Description of a 

c This was in 1633. trooper in English verse ; very good. 

** MS. Aubr. 8. fol. 44. MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 45 V . 

d 'had a' subst. for 'was by.' g Subst. for 'was of the Lieutenant's 

'Master of the Revells' in MS. Aubr. troupes.' 
7, fol. 20. 

102 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Upon this Mr. Chantrel f putt him upon learning the 
t Mr. chantrei-, Latin tongue (in the 40 aetat. + ), and taught 
him himself and tooke a great deale of paines 

favourite. with him. This was the first time he began 

Ratcifffe g was his Latin. He stayed in Ireland a good while 

afterwards the , , 

duke of York's after the warres broke-out. 
France. 11 * After John Ogilby had built the theatre 

at Dublin, he was undon at the Irish rebellion. He was 
wreckt at sea, and came to London very poor, and went 
on foot to Cambridge. 

** Mr. J. Ogilby wrote at Dublin (being then of the 
gaurdes of the earle of StrafTord) the character of a trooper, 
in English verse, which is very witty : Mr. Morgan hath 
promised to gett it for me. He built the theatre at Dublin. 
He was undon at the Irish rebellion ; returning to England, 
was wreckt at sea, and came to London very poor and 
went on foot to Cambridge. 

*** He wrote a play at Dublin, call'd The Merchant of 
Dublin, never printed. 

**** He came into England about the yeare 1648 (vide 
j virgii, 8vo; tne date ^ n * s Virgil, 8vo). He printed t 
nS-Msf' Virgill, translated by himselfe into English 
Aubr. 7, foi.*>. versej 8vo, 164-, dedicated to the right honour- 
able William, lord marquesse of Hertford, who loved him 
very well. 

After he had translated Virgil, he learned Greeke of 
Mr. Ogilby Mr. Whitfield h , a Scotch bishop's son, and 

learnt Greeke in 

i653.-Ms. grew so great a proficient in it that he fell-to 

Aubr. 23, fol. 

121*. to translate Homer's Iliads, 1660. 

Next, as if by a prophetique spirit, foreseeing the 
restauration of King Charles II a , and also the want there 
might be of Church Bibles, he ***** printed the fairest 

a Subst. for < Mr. Chantrel, of **** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 44. 

Grayes Inne, was his (i. e. the Lord b David Whitford, son of Walter 

Lieutenant's) secretary.' Whitford, bishop of Brechin (1634- 

* MS. Aubr, 8, fol. 45 V . 1638). 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 44*. ***** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 44*. 

*** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 47*. 

John Ogilby 103 

impression, and the most correct of English Bibles, in royall 
and imperiall paper, that ever was yet donne. 

He printed and published his majestie's entertainment at 
his coronation, in folio with cutts, 1662. 

The same yeare (1662) he went into Ireland again, being 
then, by patent (before, but by warrant) master of the 
revells, having disputed his right with Sir William 
Davenant, who had gott a graunt, and built a noble theatre 
at Dublin, which cost 2000 //., the former being ruined a in 
the troubles. 

His Odysses came out in 1665. People did then suspect, 
or would not beleeve that 'twas he was the author of the 
paraphrase upon ^Esop, and to convince them he published 
a 2 d volume, which he calles his ^Esopiques, which b he did 
during the sicknesse, in his retirement at Kingston upon 
Thames, after he had published Homer's Iliads and 

His History of China, in fol., anno . . . (before the fire) ; 
then his History of Japan. 

The generall and dreadfull conflagration burn't all that 
he had, that he was faine to begin the world again, being 
then at best worth 5 //'. 

He had such an excellent inventive and prudentiall witt, 
and master of so good addresse, that when he was undon 
he could not only shift handsomely (which is a great 
mastery c ), but he would make such rationall proposalls 
that would be embraced by rich and great men, that in 
a short time he could gaine a good estate again, and never 
failed in any thing he ever undertooke but allwayes went 
through with profits and honour d . 

Being thus utterly undon again by the fire, he made his 
proposalls for the printing of a faire English Atlas*, of 
which he lived to finish the Historys of Africa, America, 

a ' being ruind and spoyled and a Aubr. 7, fol.- 2O V . 
cowhouse made of the stage.' MS. c Dupl. with ' ingenie.' 

Aubr. 7, fol. ao v . d Dupl. with ' glorie.' 

b 'which he did after the fire e Anthony Wood notes: ' cosmo- 

(part of it) at Kingston upon Thames grapher.' 
at Mr. le Wright's house.' MS. 

104 Aubreys 'Brief Lives' 

and part of Asia. And then, being encouraged by the 
king and the nobility to make* an actuall survey of 
England and Wales 4 , he proceeded in it so far as to 
an actuall survey of the roads both in England and 
Wales, which composed his . . . volume of his Britannia, 
published . . . 

* Mr. John Ogilby died Sept. 4, 1676; and was buried 
in the vault at St. Bride's. 

** Vide his obiit in Almanack b 1675 : quaere Mr. Lacy. 

*** Anno . . . John Ogilby maried . . ., the daughter 
t servant to of . . . Fox f, of Netherhampton, neer Wilton 
m com - Wilts, who was borne as he was wont 
lo say c Jn the first Olympiad/ scil. when the 
first race was ran at Sarum in Henry c , earle of Pembroke's 
time. She had only one daughter by him, maried to ... 
Morgan, who left a son who now suceeds his grandfather 
as his majestie's cosmographer. She dyed in London . . . 
being aged . . . (neer 90 d ). 

**** His wife dyed 3 or 4 dayes before Xtmas 1677, 
aetatis circiter e 112. 


1 This life of Ogilby is found confusedly in two drafts in MS. Aubr. 7, foil. 
I9 v -2o v , and MS. Aubr. 8, foil. 44-47*. 

In MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 19% and in MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 44, Aubrey gives the 
coat :'..., a lion passant gardant crowned . . ., a mullet for difference ' ; and 
notes that ' the crest is a \ virgin in an carle's coronet holding a castle.' 

2 Gadbury, Aubrey thought, must have been told the place of Ogilby's birth 
with a view to constructing his horoscope. 

3 The first draft, in MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 20, runs: 

' His father was then a prisoner at the King's bench ; by the advantage of 
his son's industry, raysed a small some of money, which he adventured in the 
lottery (in such a yeare . . . since 1600 quaere annum) for the advancement 
of the plantation in Virginia: but he gott out of prison by this meanes. His 
motto was 

a The draft in MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 2o v , Morgan/ who has added the note, 

gives the date ' 1672.' ' from my worthy friend Mr. Aubrey, 

* MS. Aubr. 7, fol. i 9 \ for Mr. Ogilby's life.' 

: * MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 8. c Henry Herbert succeeded as second 

b i. e. Aubrey's pocket Almanac, earl, 1569; died 1 60 1. 

with his diary notes. <* Subst. for ' 100.' 

*** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 47, The leaf **** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 45. 

is endorsed : ' for my worthy friend Mr. '112' is scored out. 

Thomas Osborne. William Ought-red 105 

I am a poor prisoner, God wott : 
God send me a good lott a 
I'le come out of prison and pay all my debt. 

It so happened that he had a very good lott, that pay(d) all his debt.' 

* Aubrey came near being employed on this survey. Writing on Aug. 12, 
1672, MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 181, he says : 

' I had gone sooner into Kent, but Dr. Wren, my deare friend, without my 
knowledge contrived an employment for me, which he referred to me to 
consider of it. So I shall till Michaelmas terme. 

'Tis this. Mr. Ogilby is writing the history of all England : the map is 
mending already. Now the Dr. told him if that were all, it would be no very 
great matter. He was pleased to tell him that he could not meet with a fitter 
man for that turne then J. A. Now it's true it suites well enough with my 
genius ; but he is a cunning Scott, and I must deale warily with him, with the 
advice of my friends. It will be February next before I begin, and then 
between that and November followeing I must (s)curry over all England and 
Wales. . . . The king will give me protection and letters to make any inquiries, 
or etc.' 

Thomas Osborne, Earl of Danby (1631-1712). 

* Lord Treasurer, Thomas, earle of Danby, natus .A.D. 
1631, Febr. 19, hor. 15 min. 53 P.M. latit. 54. 

** ' 20 Febr., 1634, fower a clock in the morn. 5 I take 
this to be the Lord Treasurer's (nativity), scil. Thomas, 
earle of Danby. Respondet 'tis so. 

William Oughtred (1574-1660). 

*** Gulielmus Oughtred J natus 5 Martii 1574, 5 h P.M. 

**** Mr. Oughtred : Mr. (John) Sloper tells me that 
his father was butler of Eaton Colledge : he remembers 
him, a very old man. 

***** William Oughtred : vide Henry Coley's Astrologie. 
A note from my honoured and learned friend Thomas 
Flud, esq., who had been High Sheriff of Kent, scilicet, he 
was Mr. Oughtred's acquaintance. He told me that 
Mr. Oughtred confessed to him that he was not satisfied 
how it came about that one might foretell by the starres, 
but so it was that it fell out true as he did often by his 
experience find. Mr. T. Flud obiit . . . 

a Subst. for ' luck.' *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 39. 

* MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 115. **** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 10. 
** MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 93. ***** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 8. 

io6 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

* This* from Mr. Uniades, who ivas his scholar. 

[Mr. Oughtred's children : 

1. William. 

2. Henrey : haz a son (of the Custom-house). 

3. Benjamin : a bachelor : yet living. 

4. Simon. 

5. Edward. 

6. George. 

7. John. 

Judeth : married a glazier. 


One of them {married} to Christopher Brookes of 
Oxford, a mathematical-instrument-maker.] 

** Mr. William Oughtred, B.D., Cambr., was borne at 
Eaton, in Buckinghamshire, neer Windsor, Anno Domini 
1574, March the fifth, 5 hours P.M. 

His father taught to write at Eaton, and was a scrivener ; 
and understood common arithmetique, and 'twas no small 
helpe and furtherance to his son to be instructed in it when 
a schoole-boy. His grandfather came from the north for 
killing a man. The last knight of the family was one 
Sir Jeffrey Oughtred. I thinke a Northumberland family 

Anno Domini ... he was chosen to be one of the 
King's scholars at Eaton Colledge (vide register). A.D. . . . 
he went to King's Colledge, in Cambridge. 

Anno aetatis 23, he writt there his Horologiographia 
Geometrica, as appeares by the title. 

Anno Domini ... he was instituted and inducted into 
the rectory or parsonage of Albury, in com. Surrey, lett 
for b a hundred pounds per annum : he was pastor of this 
place fifty yeares. 

He maried . . . Caryl (an ancient family in those parts), 

* MS. Aubr. 7, a slip at fol. 8 V . Uniades' hand. 

a This heading is added by Aubrey ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 39. 

in red ink: the rest of the note, here b Dupl. with 'woith.' 

enclosed in square brackets, is in 

William Oughtred 107 

by whom he had nine sonnes (most lived to be men) and 
four daughters. None of his sonnes he could make a 

He was a little man, had black haire, and blacke eies 
(with a great deal of spirit). His head b was always 
working. He would drawe lines and diagrams on the 

His oldest son Benjamin, who lives in the house with 
my cosen Boothby (who gives him his dyet) and now an 
old man, he bound apprentice to a watchmaker ; who did 
vvorke pretty well, but his sight now failes for that fine 
worke. He told me that his father did use to lye a bed 
till eleaven or twelve a clock, with his doublet on, ever 
since he can remember. Studyed late at night ; went not 
to bed till i J a clock ; had his tinder box by him ; and on 
the top of his bed-stafife, he had his inke-horne fix't. He 
slept but little. Sometimes he went not to bed in two or 
three nights, and would not come downe to meales till he 
had found out the qttaesitum. 

He was more famous abroad for his learning, and more 
esteemed, then at home. Severall great mathematicians 
came over into England on purpose to converse with him. 
His countrey neighbours (though they understood not his 
worth) knew that there must be extraordinary worth in 
him, that he was so visited by foreigners. 

When Mr. Seth Ward, M.A. and Mr. Charles Scar- 
borough, D.M., came (as in pilgrimage, to see him and 
admire him) they lay at the inne at Sheeres (the next 
parish) Mr. Oughtred had against their comeing prepared 
a good dinner, and also he had dressed himselfe, thus, an 
old red d russet cloath- cassock that had been black in dayes 
of yore, girt with a old leather girdle, an old fashion russet 
hatt, that had been a bever, tempore reginae Elizabethae. 
When learned foreigners came and sawe how privately he 
lived, they did admire and blesse themselves, that a person 

a Subst. for ' make any great c Dupl. with be acquainted.' 

scholars.' d 'red russet' subst. for ' red.' 

b Dupl. with ' witt.' 

io8 Aubreys 'Brief Lives 9 

of so much worth and learning should not be better 
provided for. 

Seth Ward, M.A., a fellow of Sydney Colledge in 
Cambridge (now bishop of Sarum), came to him, and 
lived with him halfe a yeare (and he would not take 
a farthing for his diet), and learned all his mathematiques 
of him. Sir Jonas More was with him a good while, and 
learn't ; he was but an ordinary logist before. Sir Charles 
Scarborough was his scholar; so Dr. John Wallis was his 
scholar ; so was Christopher Wren his scholar ; so was 
Mr. . . . Smethwyck, Regiae Societatis Socius. One Mr. 
Austin (a most ingeniose man) was his scholar, and studyed 
so much that he became mad, fell a laughing, and so dyed, 
to the great griefe of the old gentleman. Mr. . . . Stokes, 
another scholar, fell mad a , and dream't that the good old 
gentleman came to him, and gave * him good advice, and 
so he recovered, and is still well. Mr. Thomas Henshawe, 
Regiae Societatis Socius, was his scholar (then a young 
gentleman). But he did not so much like any as those 
that tugged fjd^ and tooke paines to worke out questions. 
He taught all free. 

He could not endure to see a scholar write an ill 
hand ; he taught them all presently to mend their hands. 
Amongst others Mr. T. H. b who when he came to him 
wrote a lamentable hand, he taught to write very well. 
He wrote a very elegant hand, and drew his schemes most 
neatly, as they had been cut in copper. His father (no 
doubt) was an ingeniose artist at the pen and taught him 
to write so well. 

He was an astrologer, and very lucky in giving his 
judgements on nativities ; he would say, that he did not 
understand the reason why it should be so, but so it would 
happen ; he did beleeve that some genius or spirit did help. 
3^ He has asserted the rational way of dividing the XII 
houses according to the old way, which (the originall) 
Elias Ashmole, esq., haz of his owne handwriting ; which 

a 'and laughing' followed : scored * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 39*. 
out. b Probably Thomas Henshawe. supra. 

IV tlli am Oughtred 109 

transcribe. Captaine George Wharton hath inserted it in 
his Almanack, 1658 or 1659. 

The countrey people did beleeve that he could conjure, 
and 'tis like enough that he might be well enough con- 
tented to have them thinke so. I have seen some notes of 
his owne handwriting on Cattan's Geomantie. 

He has told bishop Ward, and Mr. Elias Ashmole (who 
was his neighbour), that * on this spott of ground/ (or 
( leaning against this oake,' or ' that ashe,') ' the solution of 
such or such a probleme came into my head, as if infused 
by a divine genius, after I had thought on it without 
successe for a yeare, two, or three.' 

Ben Oughtred told me that he had heard his father say 
to Mr. Allen (the famous mathematicall instrument-maker), 
in his shop, that he had found out the Longitude ; sed 
irix credo. 

Nicolaus Mercator, Holsatus (whose mathematicall 
writings . . . ), went to see him few yeares before he 
dyed. 'Twas about midsommer, and the weather was very 
hott, and the old gentleman had a good fire, and used 
Mr. Mercator with much humanity (being exceedingly taken 
with his excellent mathematicall witt), and one piece a of 
his courtesie was, to be mighty importunate with him to 
sett on his upper hand next the fire ; he being cold (with 
age) thought he b had been so too. 

He c was a great lover of chymistry, which he studyed 
before his son Ben can remember, and continued it ; 
and told John Evelyn, of Detford, esq., R.S.S., not 
above a yeare before he dyed, that if he were but 
five yeares (or three yeares) younger, he doubted not 
to find out the philosopher's stone. He used to talke 
t Quaere for much of the mayden-earth f for the philo- 
sopher's stone. It was made of the harshest 

cleare water that he could gett, which he lett stand to 
putrify, and evaporated by cimmering d . Ben tended his 

ft Subst. for ' part.' writing ' A chymist ' in the margin. 

b Dupl. with < they.' 

c Aubrey draws attention to this by 

no Aubrey s 'Brief Lives' 

furnaces. He has told me that his father would some- 
times say that he could make the stone. Quicksilver 
t This line is refin 'd and strain'd, and gold as it came naturall 

imperfect. It ~ w ~- 4- _ 
is blurred in my Ovel T" 

^ g entleman WaS a great lover of 

nera ^ry , and was well knowne a with the heralds 
drawin Wne He at their office, who approved his descent J. 
-ji^IuS; Memorandum : he struck-out above halfe 
foL 8> of the accedence, and wrote new instead. He 

taught a gentleman in halfe a yeare to understand Latin, 
at Mr. Duncombe's his parishioner. Quaere his daughter 
Brookes at Oxford for it b . 

* His wife was a penurious woman, and would not 
allow him to burne candle after supper, by which meanes 
many a good notion is lost, and many a probleme 
unsolved ; so that Mr. (Thomas) Henshawe, when he was 
there, bought candle, which was a great comfort to the 
old man. 

The right hon ble Thomas c Howard, earle of Arundel and 
Surrey, Lord High Marshall of England, was his great 
patron d , and loved him intirely. One time they were like 
to have been killed together by the fall at Albury of a grott, 
which fell downe but just as they were come out. {J^ My 
lord had many grotts about his house, cutt in the sandy 
sides of hills, wherin he delighted to sitt and discourse. 

In the time of the civill warres the duke of Florence 
invited him over, and offered him 500 //. per annum ; but 
he would not accept of it, because of his religion. 

Notwithstanding all that has been sayd of this excellent 
man, he was in danger to have been sequestred, and . . . 
Onslowe that was a great stickler against the royalists and 
a member of the House of Commons and living not far 
from him he translated his Clavis into English and 
dedicated it to him to clawe with him, and it did soe his 
businesse and saved him from sequestration. Now this 

* Dupl. with 'acquainted.' * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 42. 

b i. e. the Latin grammar, with c ' Thomas' subst. for ' William.' 

Oughtred's modifications. d Dupl. with 'friend.' 

William Ought red 


Onslowe was no scholar and hated by the country a for 
bringing his countrymen of Surry into the trap of slaughter 
when so many petitioners were killed at Westminster and 
on the roads in pursuite, anno Domini 16 . 

I have heard his neighbour ministers say that he was 
a pittiful preacher ; the reason was because he never 
studyed it, but bent all his thoughts on the mathematiques ; 
but when he was in danger of being sequestred for a 
royalist, he fell to the study of divinity, and preacht (they 
sayd) admirably well, even in his old age. 

He was a good Latinist and Graecian. as appears in 
a little treatise of his against one Delamaine, a joyner, 
who was so sawcy to write against him (I thinke about 
his circles of proportion) : upon which occasion I remember 
I have seen, many yeares since, twenty or more good verses 
made b , which begin to this purpose : 

Thus may some mason or rude carpenter 
Putt into the ballance his rule and compasses 
'Gainst learned Euclid's pen, etc. 

Enquire for them and insert them. 

Before he dyed he burned a world of papers, and sayd 
that the world was not worthy of them ; he was so superb. 
He burned also severall printed bookes, and would not 
stirre, till they were consumed. His son Ben was confident 
he understood magique. Mr. Oughtred, at the Custom 
House, (his grandson) has some of his papers ; I myselfe 
have his Pitiscus, imbelished with his excellent marginall 
notes, which I esteeme as a great rarity. I wish I could 
also have got his Bilingsley's Euclid, which John Collins 
sayes was full of his annotations. 

He dyed the 13 th day of June, 1660, in the yeare of his 
age eighty-eight + odde dayes. Ralph Greatrex, his great 
friend, the mathematicall instrument-maker, sayed he 
conceived he dyed with joy for the comeing-in of the king, 
which was the 29 th of May before. ' And are yee sure he 

a ' country ' in Aubrey is generally = ' county.' b Subst. for ' writt.' 

c Subst. for ' Thus may a joyner or bold carpenter.' 

ii2 A ubrey's 'Brief L ives ' 

is restored ? ' ' Then give me a glasse of sack to * drinke 
his sacred majestie's health.' His spirits were then quite 
upon the wing to fly away. The 15 th of June he was 
buried in the chancell at Albury, on the north side neer 
the cancelli. I had much adoe to find the very place 
where the bones of this learned and good man lay (and 
'twas but 1 6 yeares after his death). When I first ask't 
his son Ben, he told me that truly the griefe for his father's 
death was so great, that he did not remember the place 
now I should have thought it would have made him 
remember it the better but when he had putt on his 
considering cap (which was never like his father's), he told 
as aforesaid, with which others did agree. There is not 
to this day any manner of memorial for him there, which 
is a great pitty. I have desired Mr. John Evelyn, etc., 
to speake to our patrone, the duke of Norfolk, to bestowe 
a decent inscription of marble on him, which will also 
perpetuate his grace's fame. I asked Ben concerning the 
report a of his father's dyeing a Roman Catholique : he told 
me that 'twas indeed true that when he was sick some 
priests came from my lord duke's (then Mr. Henry Howard, 
of Norfolk) to him to have discoursed with him, in order 
to his conversion to their church, but his father was then 
past understanding. Ben was then by, he told me. 

His Clavis Mathematica was first dedicated to the lord 
(Thomas b ) Howard, earle of Arundel and Surrey, and 
Lord Marshall of England, anno Domini MDCXXXI, 
London, apud Thomam Harperum. 

His Clams Mathematica, denuo limata sive potius fabricata 
was printed by the said Thomas Harper, 1 648. 

Editio tertia auctior et emendatior was at Oxford, 1652 ; 
where Dr. John Wallis, the Savillian professor, corrected 
the presse. The old gentleman in his Preface to the 
Reader mentioned with much respect Seth Ward (Savillian 
professor of Astronomy), Dr. Charles Scarborough, John 
Wallis, Mr. Christopher Wren, and Mr. Robert Wood. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 42*. a Subst. for ' trueth.' 

b ' William ' in MS., scored out. 

William Oughtred 113 

He writt a stitch't pamphlet about 163(1 4) against . . . 

His first edition of his Circles of Proportion was in 4to, 
and dedicated to Sir Kenelm Digby, printed . . . The 
second edition was at Oxford, 165-. 

He writt a little pamphlett in 8vo, viz. The new arti- 
ficiall gauging-rod, with the use therof, London, printed 
by Augustin Matthewes, 1633. Ben, (his son), gave me 
a copie of it ; but this art is since much improved. 

He wrote a little treatise of watchmaking for the use 
of his son Benjamin, who told me that Mr. Horton of 
Whitehall, of the Woodyard, haz the true copie of it. 

Memorandum : about 1678 were printed at Oxon at 
the Theatre some opuscula of his ... 

I have heard Mr. Hobbes say, and very truely, that with 
all his great skill in Algebra, he did never adde one pro- 
position to Geometric : he could bind up a bundle well. 

Mr. John Sloper, vicar of Broad Chalke (which is in 
the gift of King's College, Cambridge) tells me that 
Mr. Oughtred's father was the pantler of Eaton College. 

Memorandum : there is a booke of lives in folio, by . . , 
Lloyd, and among others this Mr. Oughtred : which see. 

Memorandum : Richard Blackbourne, of London, M.D., 
hath Mr. W. Oughtred's genealogie of his owne draweing ; 
gett it for Mr. Elias Ashmole. 

* Worthy Sir, 

I made bold lately when I sent my book in a leter 
to Mr. Wood a to nominate you and Mr. Wallis together 
with him, to whose judgment and discretion I commit 
all my right and interest for the printing therof at Oxford. 
I no we have sent the Epistle, which, though written long 
since, yett was soe mislayed and mingled with many other 
papers, that I thought it lost, and light but lately upon 
it. Therin I make noe unloving mention of your self 
and Dr. Scarbrough, whose surname I remember not, 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 40. The letter a Robert Wood, Fellow of Lincoln : 
is in Oughtred's beautiful hand : the see supra, i. p. 295. 
address is on fol. 41 v . 

II. I 

ii4 Aubrey s 'Brief Lives 9 

I hope neyther of you will take my officiousnesse in evell 
part. Yett yf anything shall displease, you are intreated 
of me to alter it or raze it with a blott ; but yf in and 
by your suffrage it maye passe, I would intreat you to 
supplie the Doctor's surname. 

I have another suit, and that is in behalf of Mr. Brookes, 
late chosen manciple of Wadham Colledg, that you would 
be pleased to commend him and give him what countenance 
you can with the Warden of the house. He is a very 
honest man, well travelled and experienced in the world, 
and is also an exact workman in his trade of making 
mathematical instruments in metall. 

Sir, you will be pleased to remember my best respects 
to Mr. Wallis and favourably to pardon this troublesome 
interruption of him who am, 

Your truly loving freind to my power, 


April 19, 1651. 

To my very worthy and loving freind, Mr. Seth Ward, 
at Wadham Colledg in Oxford, present. 


1 Aubrey gives in colours the coat : ' gules, a cross moline or (vide the 
Heralds' office if any charge on the cross) ' ; and notes that the ' crest ' is ' a 
head like a hare's head.' He adds also the references : (a) { vide his life writt 
by . . ., in 8vo'; () 'quaere Mr. Elias Ashmole for his nativity.' He has 
drawn the figure for the insertion of the planetary signs, and left it blank. 

William Outram (1625-1679). 

In Westminster Abby south aisle, white marble 


Prope jacet 

Gulielmus Outram, S.T.P. 

ex agro Derbiensi, collegiorum apud Cantabrigienses 

S. et individuae Trinitatis et Christi socius, hujus 

ecclesiae canonicus et Leycestr. archidiaconus, 

Theologus consummatus et omnibus 
numeris absolutus, Scriptor nervosus et accuratus, 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 51. Anthony Wood notes: * vide Westminster monu- 

John Overall 115 

Concionator egregius et assiduus primo in agro Lincoln. 

postea Londini et tandem apud S. Margaretam West- 

mon. ubi confecit postremum vitae suae cursum magna 

cum laude nee minore fructu. Sed in tantis laboribus 

et animi contentione dum sacrarum literarum et 

sanctorum patrum studio ardebat ut in renum dolores 

incident, quibus diu afflictus et tandem fractus 

aequissimo animo e vita discessit 

Aug. xxm anno Dni MDCLXXIX 

postquam impleverat annum 

quinquagesimum quartum. 

His grave-stone (a faire black marble) is not far off from 
the above-mentioned inscription. There is written on it 
thus, viz. : 

He was a tall spare leane pale consumptive man ; wasted 
himself much, I presume, by frequent preaching. 
Scripsit . . . 

John Overall (1560-1619). 

* Dr. Overall and his wife : 

Dr. (John) Overall was deane of St. Paules, London. 

I see his picture in a the rationale writt by (Anthony) 
Sparrow, bishop of Exon, in the beginning wherof are the 
effigies b of L(ancelot) Andrews, bishop of Winton, Mr. 
(Richard) Hooker, and John Overall, bishop of Norwich 
before which is writt Ecclesiae et Liturgiae Anglicanae 
vindices. Quaere if this deane was that bishop. 

I know not what he wrote or whether he was any more 
than a common-prayer Doctor ; but most remarqueable by 
his wife, who was the greatest beautie in her time in 
England. That she was so I have it attested from the 
famous limmer Mr. (John) Hoskins d and other old 
painters, besides old courtiers. She was not more beautifull 
than she was obligeing and kind, and was so tender-hearted 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 93. c i. e. limner. 

* Subst. for 'in some of our common- d Samuel Cooper, Aubrey's friend, 
prayer bookes.' was Hoskins' nephew. 

b Subst. for ' pictures.' 

I 2 

n6 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

that (truly) she could scarce denie any one. She had (they 
told me) the loveliest eies that ever were seen, but wondrous 
wanton. When she came to court or to the playhouse, 
the gallants would so flock round her. Richard, the earle 
of Dorset, and his brother Edward, since earle, both did 
mightily adore her. And by their report he must have 
had a hard heart that did not admire her. Bishop Hall 
sayeth in his Meditations that ' there is none so old that 
a beautifull person loves not ; nor so young whom a lovely 
feature moves not/ 

The good old deane, notwithstanding he knew well 
enough that he was horned, loved her infinitely : in so 
much that he was willing she should enjoy what she had 
a mind to. 

Among others who were charmed by her was Sir John 
Selby of Yorkshire. 1656, old Mris Tyndale (of the 
Priory near Easton-piers), who knew her, remembres 
a song made of her and Sir John, part whereof was this, 
vizt. : 

The deane of Paule's did search for his wife, 

And where d'ee thinke he found her? . . , a 

On these two lovers was made this following copie of 
pastorall verses (vide the ballad-booke in Museo Shel- 
doniano b ), e. g. 

* Downe lay the shepherd swaine 

So sober and demure, 
Wishing for his wench againe 

So bonny and so pure, 
With his head on hillock lowe 

And his armes akimboe, 
And all was for the losse of his 

Hye nonny nonny noe. 

* Two lines are suppressed. * MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 93'. 

b i.e. in the library of Ralph Sheldon e Snbst. for 'sighing for his love 

at Weston: see Clark's Wood's Life in vaine.' 
and Times, iii. 102, 103, iv. 292. 

John Overall 117 

His teares fell as thinne 

As water from the still, 
His haire upon his chinne 

Grew like thyme upon a hill, 
His cherry cheekes* pale as snowe 

Did testifye his mickle woe, 
And all was for the losse of his 

Hye nonny nonny noe. 

Sweet she was, as kind a love 

As ever fetter'd swayne ; 
Never such a daynty one 

Shall man enjoy again. 
Sett a thousand on a rowe 

I forbid that any showe 
Ever the like of her 

Hey nonny nonny noe. 

Face she had of filberd hue, 

And bosom'd b like a swan ; 
Back she had of bended ewe, 

And wasted by a span. 
Haire she had as black as crowe 

From the head unto the toe 
Downe, downe, all over her 

Hye nonny nonny noe. 

With her mantle tuck't-up high 

She foddered her flock 
So bucksome and alluringly, 

Her knee upheld her smock. 
So nimbly did she use to goe, 

So smooth she danc't on tip-toe, 
That all men were fond of her 

Hye nonny nonny noe. 

8 Here followed ' were ' : scored out. b Dupl. with ' breasted. 

n8 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

* She smiled like a Holy-day 

And simpred like the Spring, 
She pranck't it like a popingaie 

And like a swallow sing, 
She trip't it like a barren doe, 

She strutted like a gor-crowe, 
Which made the men so fond of her 

Hye nonny nonny noe. 

To sport it on the merry downe 

To daunce the lively Haye 
To wrastle for a green gowne 

In heate of all the daye 
Never would she say me no 

Yet me thought I had tho 
Never enough of her 

Hye nonny nonny noe. 

But gonne she is, the prettiest a lasse 

That ever trod on plaine. 
What ever hath betide of her 

Blame not the shepherd swayne 
For why? she was her owne foe 

And gave her selfe the overthrowe 
By being so franke of her 

Hye nonny nonny noe. 


Sir Thomas Overbury (1581-1613). 

** Sir Thomas Overbury, knight : ex registro capellae 
Turris Lond., scilicet. 'Anno Domini 1613, Sir Thomas 
Overbury, poysoned, buryed September 15 th .' 

His father was one of the judges of South Wales, viz. 
Caermarthen, Cardigan, and Pembroke circuites. He 
lived in his later time at Burghton on the hill in Glocester- 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 94. gives in trick the coat : ' sable, 3 

* Dupl. with ' lightest.' mullets between two bendlets argent 
** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 90*. Aubrey [Overbury].' 

John Partridge 119 

shire. Sir Giles Over bury was his eldest brother, who dyed 
in London in St. Clements Danes parish about 1651 or 2. 

Scripsit: Characters, Of education of youth, a stitch't 
8vo. Translated Ovid de remedio amoris which I have 
('twas one of old Dr. Kettle's bookes). 

Sir Nicholas Overbury, m. ... Palmer, 

i. Sir Giles. 2. Sir Thomas, (sine prole). 3. Walter, of Barton. 

Sir Thomas (orbus). i j 

Charles Pamphlin (1649-1678). 

* This is the copie of his mother's owne handwriting : 
' Charles Pamphlin was borne the last day of August 
before day, the howre I did justly know but I guesse it 
might be about 3 or 4 a clock in the morning, being Fryday 
the August after the king was beheaded ; which I thinke 
was 29 yeares since, last August.' 

He was hanged in Convent Garden on a gibbet, for 
stealing his Majestie's chapell-plate, May 22, 1678. 

John Partridge (1641-1715). 

** John Partridge, astrologue, the son of ... Partridge 
(yet living, 1680, an honest waterman at Putney* in 

He was borne, as by his scheme b appeares, January the 
1 8 th , 164!, lat. London. 

He was taught to read, and a little to write. He 
learn'd no farther then As in praesenti. 

He was bound apprentice to a shoe-maker in . . ., anno 
aetat. . . . ; where he was kept hard to his trade. 

At 1 8 he gott him a Lillie's grammar, and Goldman's 
dictionary, and a Latin bible, and Ovid's Metamorphoses. 

He is of an excellent healthy constitution and great 

* MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 77. the planets, etc.; also in MS. Aubr. 
** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 98. 23, fol. 88. 

* Subst. for ' Fulham.' c Subst. for ' bred.' 
b Given here, with the positions of 

120 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

temperance, of indefatigable Industrie, and sleepes but 
. . . houres. 

In ... yeeres he made himselfe a competent master of 
the Latin tongue, well enough to reade any astrologicall 
booke, and quickly became a master of that science. He 
then studyed the Greek tongue, and also the Hebrew, to 
neither of which he is a stranger. He then studyed good 
authors in physique, and intends to make that his profession 
and practyse ; but is yet (1680) a shoemaker in Convent 

Scripsit, viz. : 

first, The Hebrew Kalendar, 1678. 

Ecclesilogia (almanack), 1679. 

The same againe, 1680. 

Vade Mecum, 8vo. 

The King of France his nativity. 

A discourse of two moones. 

Mercurius Coelestis (almanack), 1681. 

Prodromus, a discourse of the conjunction of Saturn and 
Mars, anno 1680. 

James Peele. 

* Maister James Peele 'tis a folio, 1569 : 

If The pathewaye to perfectnes in th' accomptes of 
debitour and creditour, in manner of a dialogue very 
pleasant and profitable for merchauntes and all other that 
minde to frequent the same, once again set forth and very 
much enlarged by James Peele, citizen and salter of London, 
Clercke of Christes Hospitall, practiser and teacher of the 
same, imprinted at London in Paule's church-yard by 
Thomas Purfoote, dwelling at the signe of the Lucrece, 
Aug. 1 6. 

He is drawne before his booke in his gowne and a cap 
(scilicet, like the cappes the undergraduates weare), short 
haire and long beard. 

It is dedicated to the right worshipful master John 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 72. Aubrey given in trick the coat: '. . . , a bend 
between 2 mullets pierced sable.' 

John Pell 121 

Mershe, esq., governour, the assistants, and companie of the 
Merchaunte Adventurers of England. 

In the dialogue between the merchant and the schoole- 
master, the merchant thanks him and sayes ' It is now street 
time, wherfore I must begonne.' In those times, before the 
Royal Exchange was built by Sir Thomas Gresham, the 
merchants did meet in the street as now a dayes at 
the Exchange. The place was what we now call the old 
Change ; but I believe the street was then broader than 
it is now. 

In those dayes a they did alwaies upon the top of the 
first clean leafe in the inventorie booke write thus : 

' In the name of God, Amen. 

December the xxxi daye.' 

John Pell (164-1685). 

(When Aubrey had finished the first sketch of this life he submitted 
it for revision to Dr. Pell, who made several corrections. To these 
Aubrey draws attention by a note :- * This is Dr. Pell's owne hand- 
writing : ' it is a neat print-like hand. These corrections in the text 
here are enclosed in square brackets.) 

* John Pell J , S.T.Dr., was the son of John, who was 
the son of John. 

John Pell, D.D., was the son of John Pell, . . . b of 
Southwyck in Sussex, in which parish he was borne, at 
. . ., on St. David's day (ist of March) 1610 c , hora . . . 
(his youngest uncle guessed about noon). 

His father was [a divine] but a kind of Non-conformist ; 
of the Pells of Lincolneshire, an ancient familie ; his mother 
[of the Hollands of Kent]. His father dyed when his son 
John was but 5 yeares old and six weekes, and left him an 
excellent library. 

(He) went to schoole at the free-schoole at Stenning, 

a Subst. for In those dayes they * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 39. 

did alwayes, before the inventorie of b A word is blotted out. 

employments for trafique in merchan- c Changed by Pell to 1610 from 

disc, write in above thus : ' Aubrey's 161 1. 

122 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

a burrough towne in Sussex, at the first founding of the 
schoole ; an excellent schoolmaster, John Jeffreys. At 
13 yeares and a quarter old he went as good a scholar to 
Cambridge, to Trinity Colledge, as most Masters of Arts 
in the University (he understood Latin, Greek, and 
Hebrew), so that he played not much (one a must imagine) 
with his schoolfellowes, for, when they had play-dayes, 
or after schoole-time, he spent his time in the library 

He [never b stood at any election of] fellow[s] or scholar[s 
of the House at] Trinity College. 

Of person he was very handsome, and of a very strong 
and excellent habit of body, melancholic, sanguine, darke 
browne haire with an excellent moist curie. 

[Before c he went first out of England,] he understood d 
these languages (besides his mother-tongue), viz. Latin, 
Greek, Hebrue, Arabique, Italian, French, Spanish, High- 
Dutch, and Low-Dutch. 

Anno Domini 1633 he maried [Ithamara Reginalds, 
second daughter to Mr. Henry Reginalds of London. He 
had by her 4 sonnes and 4 daughters borne in this order 8 
S., D., D., S., D, S, D., S.]. 

Dr. Pell haz sayd to me that he did believe that he 
solved some questions non sine divino auxilio. 

Anno Domini 1643 ne went to Amsterdam, in December ; 
was there Professor of Mathematiques, next after Martinus 
Hortensius, about 2 yeares. 

1646, the prince of Orange called for him to be pub- 
lique professor of Philosophy and Mathematiques at the 
Schola Illustris at Breda, that was founded that yeare 
by his Highnesse; vide the Doctor's inaugurall oration f 
there, printed the first thing printed that his name 
was to. 

a Subst. for ' you.' d Subst for understands,' to make 

b Subst. by Pell for ' He was never the sentence agree with Pell's insertion. 

fellow or scholar at Trin. Coll.' e i. e. Son, Daughter, etc. 

Aubrey notes : This is Dr. Pell's f Subst. for ' speech.' 

owne hand-writing.' 

John Pell 123 

He returned into England, 1652. 

In 1654 Oliver, Lord Protector, sent him envoye to the 
Protestant cantons of Switzerland ; resided chiefly at 
Zurich. He was sent out with the title of ablegatus^ but 
afterwards he had order to continue there with the title of 

In 1658 he returned into England and so little before the 
death of Oliver Cromwell that he never sawe him since he 
was Protector. 

Memorandum when he tooke his leave from Zurich, 
June 23, 1658, he made a Latin speech, which I have seen. 

Memorandum that in his negociation he did no disservice 
to King Charles II d , nor to the church, as may appeare by 
his letters which are in the Secretarie's Office. 

* Richard Cromwell, Protector, did not fully pay him 
for his business in Piedmont, wherby he was in some want ; 
and so when King Charles II was restored*, Dr. Sanderson, 
bishop of Lincoln, perswaded him to take Holy Orders. 
He was not adroit for preaching. 

** When King Charles II had been at home ten months, 
Mr. John Pell first tooke Orders. He was made deacon 
upon the last of March, ]66i, by bishop Sanderson of 
Lincoln, by whom he was made priest in June following. 

Gilbert Sheldon, bishop of Lundon, [procured b for] him 
the parsonage of Fobbing 2 in Essex, 1661, and two yeares 
after (1663) [gave him] the parsonage of Laindon cum 
annexa capella de Bartelsdon in eodem comitatu, which 
benefices are in the infamous and unhealthy (aguesh c ) 
hundreds of Essex. 

Mr. Edward Waller on the death of the countesse of 
Warwick : 

Curst be alreadie those Essexian plaines 
Where . . . Death and Horrour reignes. 


* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 53*. b Subst. by Pell for 'gave him.' 

* Subst. for ' returned, in . . .,' c i. e. ague-ish. 
** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 52*. 

124 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

[At Fobbing, seven curates dyed within the first ten 
yeares] ; in sixteen yeares, six: of those that had been his 
curates at Laindon are dead ; besides those that went 
away from both places ; and the death of his wife [servants, 
and grandchildren]. 

Gilbert Sheldon being made archbishop of Canterbury, 
t Quaere, l & a > Jh n Pell f was made one of his Cam- 

bridge I chapleines ; and complaining one day 

Oxford chap- j- o hj s Grace at Lambith of the unhealthinesse 

lames and 2 

Cambridge. o f hj s benefice as abovesayd, sayd my Lord, 
' I doe not intend that you shall live there.' ' No/ sayd 
[Doctor] Pell, ( f but c your grace does intend that) I shall 
die there.' 

Now by this time (1680), you doubt not but this great, 
learned man, famous both at home and abroad, haz 
obtained some considerable dignity in d the church. You 
ought not in modestie to ghesse at lesse then a deanery. 
Why, truly, he is stak't to this poor preferment still ! For 
though the parishes are large, yet (curates, etc., discharged) 
he cleares not above 3-score pound per annum (hardly 
utsaepe fourscore), and lives in an obscure lodging, 

magna ingenia , ..... T ^ 

in occuito latent, three stones high, in Jermyn Street, next to 
. the signe of the Ship, wanting not only 

bookes but his proper MSS. which are many, as by and 
by will appeare. Many of them are at Brereton at my 
lord Brereton's in Cheshire. 

Memorandum : ... lord Brereton e was sent to 
Breda to recieve the instruction of this worthy person, by 
his grandfather (George Goring, the earle of Norwich) 
anno 1647, where he stayed . . . f , where he became 
a good proficient, especially in algebra to which his genius 
most inclined him and which he used to his dyeing day, 

a Sheldon was * confirmed ' arch- c The words in brackets are scored 

bishop Aug. 31, 1663; but Aubrey out. 
perhaps meant the date to be that d Subst. for ' of.' 

of Pell's appointment as chap- e William, (third) lord Brereton. 
lain. f Blank in MS., for the number of 

b D.D. (Lambeth), Oct. 7, 1663. years. 

John Pell 125 

which was 17 March, i6||- : lies* buried in . . . b St. 
Martin's church in-the-fields. I cannot but mention this 
noble lord but with a great deale of passion, for a more 
vertuous person (besides his great learning) I never knew. 
I have had the honour of his acquaintance since his comeing 
from Breda into England. Never was there greater love 
between master and scholar then between Dr. Pell and this 
scholar of his c , whose death March 17,1 6f * hath deprived 
this worthy doctor of an ingeniose companion and a usefull 

Scripsit d . 

His 6 table of squares, printed at London, 1672 ; 8 sheetes 

Rhonius's Algebra, in High-Dutch, was (indeed) Dr. 
Pell's ; is translated into English, halfe. Rhonius was 
Dr. Pell's scholar at Zurich and came to him every Friday 
night after he (J. Pell) had writt his post-lettres. 

Controversia de veracirculi mensura inter Longomontanum 
et Pellium, Amstel.(?) Blaeu, i6.5|. 

J. Pellii Idea of f Mathematicks printed in English and 
in Latin at the same time, i6mo. 

Inaugural oration, p. 33 g . 

I ^a/x/xinj?, a quarter of a sheet of paper one 

Both MSS.<j side ; and also 

' Euclid's h X th Element(orum liber) (vide 
infra) which is in Cheshire at my lord Brereton's. 

He hath written on the tenth booke of Euclid, which is 
in Cheshire at the lord Brereton's, and he hath also done * 

* i. e. lord Brereton. e This entry is scored out, perhaps 
b Blank in MS. ; Aubrey generally only as out of chronological order. 

says whether chancel, aisle, etc., and r The words ' of Mathematicks ' 

did not know in this case. are added by Anthony Wood. 

c ' buried at St. Martin's-in-the- B i.e. fol. 52 ; see page 122, supra. 

fields,' interlinear note. The note is added by Wood. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 55. h Wood notes : 'demonstrated the 
d In MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 8, Aubrey io th book of Euclid.' 

thinks of further inquiry under this J Wood scores out the word and 

head: 'J. Pell quaere Catalogum substitutes ' demonstrated.' 

i26 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

the greatest part of Diophantus *, which is there b both 
unprinted c . 

Also he hath donne d the second booke of Euclid in one 
side of a large sheet of paper most clearly and ingeniously. 

He hath clonne most succinctly and clearly Archimedis 
^ajUjuuTTjj in one side of an 8vo paper. 

Also he hath demonstrated the proportion of the 
diameter to the circumference, and shewes what was the 
reason why Archimedes did use these two numbers he 
did it at the instance of Sir Charles Scarborough one 

ft5" I n tne booke called Branker's Algebra that which 
is purely Dr. Pell's beginnes at p. 79 and so continues to 
FINIS this I had from his owne mouth. Desire Mr. A. 
Wood to take some paines to enquire for Mr. Turner, 
M.A. at Oxon (I thinke of Exon. Coll.), who tooke 
some paines about Branker's Algebra. 

Dr. Pell haz often sayd to me that when he solves 
a question he straines every nerve 6 about him, and that 
now in his old age it brings him to a loosenesse. 

* Dr. J. Pell was the first inventor of that excellent way 
or method of the marginall working in algebra. 

I have heard him say several times that the Regula falsi 
was falsly demonstrated by Mr. William Oughtred (quod 
N.B.) and that Petiscus hath donne it right. 

See Dr. Pell's letter, printed by Joachim Jungius in 
his Doxo ... in 4to at Hamborough Mr. Cluverus haz it. 

He could not cringe and sneake for preferment though 
otherwise no man more humble nor more communicative. 
He was cast into King's Bench prison f for debt Sept. g 7, 

* Wood adds : ' his Arithmetic, more c Wood writes ' MS.' over, as an 
than was done before by . . ., a improvement. 

Frenchman.' This was perhaps a bit d Wood writes 'demonstrated' over, 

of information made orally to Wood, e Dupl. with ' veine.' 

whose deafness prevented his catching * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 52*. 

the name. In the Fasti he says, ' a f Subst. for * Newgate prison.' 

certain Frenchman.' Subst. for ' August the last.' 
b Wood adds: ' in Cheshire.' 

John Pell 127 

* In March 1682 he was very kindly invited by Daniel 
Whistler, M.D., to live with him at the Physitians College 
in London, where he was very kindly entertained. About 
the middle of June he fell extreme sick of a cold and 
removed to a grandchild of his maried to one Mr. 
Hastings in St. Margaret's Churchyard, Westminster, neer 
the tower, who now (1684) lives in Brownlow Street in 
Drury Lane, where he was like to have been burnt in his 
bed by a candle. Nov. 26, fell into convulsion fitts which 
had almost killed him. 

** Gilbert Sheldon, Lord Bishop of London, gave Dr. 
Pell the parsonage of Lanedonf cum Basseldon in the 
t vide the booke Hundreds of Essex (they call it kill-priest ' a , 
sarcastically) ; and king Charles the Second 

gave him the parsonage of Fobing f, 4 miles distant. Both 
are of the value of two hundred pounds per annum (or 
so accounted); but the Doctor was a most shiftless man 
as to worldly affaires, and his tenants and relations cousin'd 
him of the profits and kept him so indigent that he 
wanted necessarys, even paper and inke, and he had not 
6d. in his purse when he dyed, and was buried by the 
charity of Dr. Richard Busby and Dr. (John) Sharp, 
Rector of St. Giles-in-the-fields and Dean of Norwich, 
who ordered b his body to lye in a vault " belonging to 
the Rector (the price d is x/z.). 

I could not persuade him to make a will ; so his books 
and MSS. fell by administratorship to Capt. . . . Raven, 
his son-in-law. 

His son (John) is a Justice of Peace in New Yorke 6 , 
and lives well. He thought to have gonne over to him. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 55. to Chester; Clark's Wood's Life and 

** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 5i v . The Times, ii. 253. 

following notes were writ ten by Aubrey b Subst. for ' layd his body.' 

after Pell's death, and are therefore c i. e,. in St. Giles-in-the-fields 

(like the quotation from Horace, infra, Church. 

p. 131, added at the same time) d Subst. for ' value.' The fee 

franker than the pages which were charged for a burial in this vault was 

written to be submitted to Pell's ;io. 

revision. c 'or Jersey' followed, but was 

a Cp. the word 'kill-bishop 'applied scored out. 

128 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

This learned person dyed in St. Giles' parish aforesaid 
at the house of Mr. Cothorne the reader in Dyot Street 
on Saterday December the twelfth 1685, between 4 and 5 
P.M. Dr. Busby, schoolmaster of Westminster, bought all 
his bookes and papers of Captain Raven, among which is 
the last thing he wrote (which he did at my earnest 
request) viz. THE TABLES, which are according to his 
promise in the last line of his printed tables of squares and 
cubes (if desired) and which Sir Cyrillus Wych (then 
president of the Royall Society) did license for the press. 
There only wants a leafe or two for the explanation of 
the use of them, which his death hath prevented. Sir 
Cyril Wych, only, knowes the use of them. I doe 
(imperfectly) remember something of his discourse of 
them, viz. whereas some questions are capable of severall 
answers, by the help of these tables it might be discovered 
exactly how many, and no more, solutions, or answers, 
might be given. 

I desired Mr. Theodore Haake, his old acquaintance, 
to make some additions to this a short collection of 
memoires of him, but he haz donne nothing b . 

He dyed of a broaken heart. 

* Dr. Whistler c invited Dr. Pell to his house in anno 
. . ., which the Dr. likt and accepted of, loving good cheer 
and good liquour, which the other did also ; where eating 
and drinking too much, was the cause of shortning his 

Dr. Pell had a brother a chirurgian and practitioner 
in physick, who purchased an estate of the natives of 
New- York and when he died he left it to his nephew 
John Pell, only son of the Doctor. It is a great estate 
8 miles broad and . . . miles long (quaere Capt. . . . 

He had 3 or 4 daughters. 

a Subst. for ' my.' * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 54. 

b Haake's paper came afterwards, c See Clark's Wood's Life and 

and is now fol. 53 of MS. Aubr. 6. Times, iii. 95. 
It is printed infra. 

John Pell 129 

* This (is) writt by Mr. Theodore Haake. 

In the year 1638 I came first to be acquainted with 
Mr. Pell by Mr. S. Hartlib's meanes, who having heard of 
his extraordinarie parts in all kinde of learning, especially 
the mathematics, perswaded that the same might be farre 
more usefully employed and improoved for the publick 
advancement of learning, he never left soliciting and engag- 
ing frends heer to perswade Mr. Pell instead of keeping 
scool, as he then did at ... in Sussex, to come up to 
London, where he soon got into great esteem among the 
most learned, both natives and forreigners, with whom he 
conversed. But he so minded and followed still the 
cultivating of his more abstracting studies, and naturally 
averse from suing or stooping much for what he was 
worthy of, it was a good while before he obtained any 
suteable place or settlement. 

I recommended him once to my Lord Bishop of Lincoln a 
(quondam Lord Keeper of England), who became very 
desirous to see the man, inviting us of purpose to dine once 
with his lordship for the freer discourse of all sorts of 
literature and experiments, to get a touch and taste that 
satisfaction Mr. Pell could give him. Which proved so 
pertinent and abundant that my lord put the question to 
him whether he would accept of a benefice which he was 
ready, glad, and willing to bestow on him for his encour- 
agement. Mr. Pell thankd his lordship, saying he was 
not capacitate for that, as being no divine and having 
made the mathematics his main studie, for the great 
publick need and usefullnesse therof, which he had in 
a manner devoted himself to improve and advance to the 
uttmost of his reach and abilities. Which answer pleased 
my lord so well that he replyed, c Alasse ! what a sad 
case it is that in this great and opulent kingdome there 
is no publick encouragement for the excelling in any pro- 
fession but that of the law and divinity. ** Were I in place 

* MS. Aubr.6, fol. 53. The heading a John Williams, Lord Keeper 

is by Aubrey; what follows is Haak's 1621-1625. 

writing. ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 53 V . 
II. K 

130 Aubreys 'Brief Lives' 

as once I was, I would never give over praying and pressing 
his majesty till a noble stock and fund might be raised for 
so fundamentall, universally usefull, and eminent science 
as mathematicks.' And therupon his lordship requested 
Mr. Pell to befriend him with his visits as often as he could 
spare time, promising him always a very hearty welcome. 
Yet Mr. Pell who was no courtier came there no more. 

In the mean time he communicated to his friends his 
excellent Idea Matheseos in half a sheet of paper, which 
got him a great deal of repute, both at home and abroad, 
but no other special advantage, till Mr. John Morian, 
a very learned and expert gentleman, gave me notice that 
Hortensius, mathematical professor at Amsterdam, was 
deceased, wishing that our friend Mr. Pell might succeed. 
Sir William Boswell, his majestie's ambassador in Holland, 
being here then, I conferred with him about it, who pro- 
mised all his assistance ; and between them, and by these 
two, a call was procured from Amsterdam for Mr. Pell, 
in 1643 : and in May 1644 I met him settled there on my 
return out of Denmarke. Where he was, among others, 
dearly welcome to Gerardus Joannes Vossius. And soon 
after his fame was much augmented by his refuting a large 
book of Longomontanus Quadratura, which caused the 
Prince of Orange (Henry Frederick) being about to erect 
an Academic at Breda, borrowed* Mr. Pell from the 
magistrate of Amsterdam, to grace his new Academy with 
a man of that fame for a few years. And there being 
comfortably stayed, the most learned of the then parliament 
Jieer, jealous that others should enjoy a countryman of 
their own, they never left offers and promises till they got 
him hither to be they gave out Professor Honorarius 
heer. But the sucesse prov'd soon deficient, and reduced 
him to much inconvenience, as having now a charge of 
a pretty large family, viz. his wife with 4 or 5 children. 
And this continued till T. H. b was offerd by Th. c to be 

a The change of construction is as c Aubrey notes : ' Mr. secretary 

in the MS. Thurlo.' John Thurloe, Secretary of 

b Aubrey notes : 'Mr.TheodorHaak.' State 1653-60. 

William Penn 131 

employed in Swisse and about the E. a collection for 
Pyemont ; who excused himself it and recommended 
Mr. Pell. 

This b account of Dr. John Pell I had from my worthy 
friend Mr. Theodore Haak, whose handwriting it is. 

* John Pell, D.D., was borne at Southwick in Sussex 
on St. David's day, anno Domini 1611; his youngest 
uncle ghesses about noon. 

Anno 1632 he maried. 

1643, went to Amsterdam and was there professor of 

1646, the Prince of Orange called for him to be publique 
professor at Breda. 

1654, Oliver, Protector, sent him envoy e to the cantons 
of Switzerland. 

1661, Gilbert Sheldon, bishop of London, gave him 
a scurvy parsonage in Essex (' kill-priest '). 

1680, August last, he was arrested and layd in prison. 


1 Aubrey quotes, as applicable to Pell : 

' Ingenium ingens 
Inculto latet hoc sub corpore. 

Horat. Sat. I. iii. 34.' 

He gives a derivation of the name 'Pell, i. e. a poole Sussex.' He givts 
also the coat : ' Ermine, on a canton ... a pellicane (but not feeding her 
young ones) . . . [Pell].' 

2 Fobbing was a Crown living net annual value, in 1893, .534 : Laindon- 
cum-Basildon was in the gift of the see of London net annual value, in 1893, 
^"491. The figures suggest that Pell had a good appetite for preferment, to ask 
for more. 

William Penn (1644-1718). 

** William Penn natus Oct. 14, 1644, hora 7 mane, 

*** William Penn 1 , the eldest son of Sir William Penn, 
knight, [admirall c both of the English navy before the 

* Aubrey notes : ' English.' *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 34. 

b Note added by Aubrey at the end c The words in square brackets 

of Haak's letter. are a note in the top margin, re- 

* MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 20. placing *. . . admiral and . . .,' in 
** MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 9O V . the text. 

K 2 

132 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

restauration of the king, and commanded as captain- 
generall under the D. Y. a in 1665 against the Dutch fleet 1 ], 
was borne in London, at Tower hill, the 14 day of 
October 1644. 'Twas upon a Monday he thinkes ; but 
'twas about 7 a clock in the morning. 

(His father was a very good man, but no Quaker ; was 
very much against his sonne.) 

Went to schoole in London, a private schole on that 
hill, and his father kept a tutor in the house : but first he 
went to school at Chigwell in Essex. 

(He was) mighty lively, but with innocence; and d 
extremely tender under rebuke ; and very early delighted 
in retirement ; much given to reading and meditating e 
of the scriptures, and at 14 had marked over the Bible. 
Oftentimes at 13 and 14 in his meditations ravisht with 
joy, and dissolved into teares. ' 

The first sense he had of God was when he was 
1 1 yeares old at Chigwell, being retired in a chamber alone. 
He was so suddenly surprized with an inward comfort and 
(as he thought) an externall glory in the roome that he 
has many times sayd that from thence he had the scale of 
divinity and immortality, that there was a God and that 
the soule of man was capable of enjoying his divine com- 
munications. His schoolmaster was not of his perswasion. 

To Christ's Church in Oxon anno 1660, anno aetatis 16 ; 
stayed there about two yeares. 

Anno 1662, went into France ; stayd there two yeares. 

Returnd and was entred of Lincoln's Inne. 

About the plague, grov/ing entirely solitary, was again 
diverted. Was employed by his father in a journey into 
Ireland to the duke of Ormond's court : the diversions of 
which not being able to keepe downe the stronger motions 
of his soule to a more religious and retired life, upon the 

a D. Y. in a monogram: i.e. Duke d Dupl.with ' sensible under tender 

of York. rebukes.' 

b ' Commanded by Opdam ' fol- e < (Wept much) ' followed : scored 

lowed : scored out. out, and expanded in the next sen- 

c ' Or 17' followed : scored out. tence. 
Oct. 14, 1644, was a Monday. 

William Penn 133 

hearing of one Th{omas) Lowe, a tradesman, of Oxon, 
at Cork, 1667, was so thoroughly convinced of the simplicity 
and selfe-deniall of the way of the people called Quakers 
that from thence he heartily espoused that judgment a and 

Since which time he haz passed a life of great variety 

of circumstances b , both with respect to good and evill 

report, divers controversies orall and written f, 

t Ben Clark the r 

bookseller severall imprisonments t (one in Ireland, one 

will give me a * v - 

catalogue of all i n the Tower, (a) 3 rd in Newgate). 

his writings. 

t Quaere annum Travelled into Germany, Upper and Lower, 

et diem of his . f 

imprisonments annis io7i and 10^7, where severall were 

and his sick- . 

nesses and affected With hlS Way 0. 

dangers. MS. 7 , * 

Aubr. s, foi. 34*. Notwithstanding those many odd adventures 
anytohmHn 6 of his life, he hath severall times 6 found 

France ? Neg. d r r , . .. . , , ,. 

-MS. Aubr. s, favour from his majestic and also the D. Y. , 
with divers of the nobilitye g , and men of quality 
and learning in this kingdom. 

His majestic owing to his father 10,000 #., 16 , (which, 
with the interest of it, came not to lesse than 20,000/2'.,) 
did, in consideration therof, grant to him and his heirs 
a province in America which his majesty was pleased to 
name Pensylvania 2 , the 4th day of March i68f, to which 
he is now goeing this next September 1681. 

*** His patent for Transylvania h is from the beginning 
of the 4oth degree to 43 degrees in latitude, and 5 degrees 
in longitude from Chisapeak-bay. 

E.W. i (says k that there are) 2 or 3 things, e.g. 
military, mighty necessary (for the colony) quaere some 

He speaks well ! the Latin and the French tongues, and 

a Subst. for ' society.' of York. 

b ', of reproach ' followed: scored e 'Sometimes' followed: scored out. 

out. * MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 34'. 

c In MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 6 y , Aubrey h Pennsylvania, 

notes : ' Call on B. Clarke, Quaker, Edmund Wyld. 

for a catalogue of Mr. Penn's writings.' k The note requires expansion in 

d i. e. Negative ; the answer is ' no.' this way. It is preceded by ' Caro- 

6 Subst. for ' sometimes/ lina,' scored out. 

f D. Y. in a monogram : i.e. Duke * Subst. for ' perfectly.' 

134 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

his owne with great mastership. He often declares* 
in the assemblies of his Friends, and that with much 
eloquence b and fervency of spirit by which, and his per- 
petuall attendances on K(ing) and P(rince) for the reliefe 
of his Friends, he often exposes his health to hazard. 

He was chosen (ballotted) November 9th, nemine con- 
tradicente, admitted Fellow of the Royal Societie, London , 
with much respecte. 

* August 26, 1682, Saturday. This day about 
4 a clock P.M. W. Penne, esq., went towards Deale to 
launch for Pensylvania. God send him a prosperous and 
safe voyage. 

Last Wednesday in August (scil. Aug. 30, 1682) about 
noon he tooke shippe at Deale. 

He returned into England, October (about the middle d ) 
1684 quaere diem. 

** W. Penn, esq., married Gulielma Maria Springet, 
daughter of Sir William Springet, of the Springets of the 
Broyles in Sussex. 

She was a posthuma of her father, a young gent, of 
religion and courage who dyed at the siege of Arundel. 
His daughter was his image in person and qualities, 
virtuous, generous, wise, humble e ; generally beloved for 
those good qualities and one more f the great cures she 
does, having great skill in physic and surgery, which she 
freely bestows. 

She early espoused the same way g , about anno 1657. 
She was a great fortune to her husband, being worth de claro 
above 10,000 li. Her fortune, quality, and good humour 
gave her the importunity of many suitors of extraordinary 
condition, e.g. lord Brookes and lord J(ohn) (Vaughan), 
etc. ; but valueing the unity of beliefe and the selfe denial 1 

* i. e. declaims. I say,' i. e. in the Athenae Oxoni- 
b Dupl. with ' with fluent copie of enses. 

words.' Copie ' is copia Englished. ** MS. Anbr. 8, fol. 35". 

c * November 1681 ' followed : <> Subst. for 'plaine.' 

scored out. f < which are ' followed : scored 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 35. out. 

d Anthony Wood notes: 'beginning: e ' of being ' followed : scored out. 

William Penn 135 

of her profession above the glories of the world, resisted 
their motions till Providence brought a man of equall 
condicion and )8^ a to herself to the syncere embracing of 
the same fayth, whose mariage haz been crowned with 
a continued affection. 

[Sir William Penn, knight b ,j his father, was a man of 
excellent naturall abilities, not equalled in his time for the 
knowledge of navall affayres and instrumentall to the 
raysing of many families. Bred his son religiously ; and, as 
the times grew loose, would have had his sonne of the 
fashion, and was therfore extreme bitter at his sonne's 
retirement. But this lasted not alwayes ; for, in the con- 
clusion of his life, he grew not only kind, but fonde ; made 
him the judge and ruler of his family; was sorry he had 
no more to leave him (and yet, in England and Ireland, 
he left him 1500 li. per annum). But, which is most 
remarkeable, he that opposed his sonne's way because of 
the crosse that was in it to the world's latitude, did himselfe 
embrace this faith, recommending to his son the plainesse 
and selfe deniall of it, sayeing * Keep to the plainesse of 
your way, and you will make an end of the priests to the 
ends of the earth.' And so he deceased, desiring that 
none but his son William should close his eies (which he 
did). Obiit anno aetatis 49, 4 months. 

* Pen m. . . . 

. . . Penn, of Mynety com. m. Joane Gilbert 
Wilts (Hale-house in (of the Gilberts 

Minety). He lies buried 

in Myntie chancell, vide 

the inscription. 

of Yorkshire). 

Sir William Penn, m. Margaret Jasper, 

knight. daughter of John 
Jaspar, merchant, 
of Roterdam. 

W. Penn, 1 

n. Gulielma 

2. Richard, 3. Margaret, * 
obiit sine 

t. Anthony Lowder 
land in Yorkshire. 

Springet Pen, 2. William. 

I I ! ! I 
3. Laetitia. 1234 

eldest son 

* This is Aubrey's symbol for * This pedigree is in MS. Aubr. 8, 

fortune.' fol. 35 V . Aubrey notes in the margin : 

'' Added by Anthony Wood. ' Pen's-lodge in Bradon forest.' On 

136 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

* A Catalogue of William Penns writings. 


8. i. The guide mistaken, being an answer to J. Clap- 

ham, 1668, 4to. 
6. 2. The sandy foundation shaken, or an answer to 

Vincent, etc., 1668, 4to. 

2. 3. An apology for the sandy foundation, 1669, 8vo. 

3. 4. Truth exalted, or a testimony to rulers, preists, 

and bishops, 1669, 4to ; addit. (16)71. 

24. 5. No cross, no crowne a , 1669, 4to. Reprinting. 

36. 6. A serious apology for (the) people cal'd 
Quakers ; answer to Taylor and Tyms of 
Ireland ; \\ written by G. Whithead, 1669, 4to. 

1. 7. A letter of love to the young convinc'd, 1669, 


8. 8. A seasonable caveat against popery, 1669, 4to. 
8. 9. The b ancient liberties of the people asserted in 

W. P. tryal, 1670, 4to. 
6. 10. Truth rescued from imposture, being an answer 

to S. Sterling , 1670, 4to. 
6. n. The great case of liberty of conscience asserted. 

1670, 4to. 
4. 12. New wittnesses proved old hereticks, being an 

answer to Mugleton, 1672, 4to. 
10. 13. The spirit of truth vindicated, being an answer 

to a Socinian, 1672, 4to. 

2. 14. Plaine dealing with a traducing Baptist; answer 

to Morse, 1672, 4to. 

fol. 34* Aubrey has in trick the coat : seller (suflra, p. 133). Anthony Wood 

' argent, on a less sable, three besants, notes (scored out) : ' This is but a very 

a crescent for difference; impaling imperfect catalogue,' and 'quaere 

. . .' with the note 'Sir ... Pen of Silas Norton the quaker.' For Silas 

Pen in Bucks, tempore Edw. Ill or Norton, see Clark's Wood's Life and 

Hen. Ill, quaere.' He adds: 'vide Times, iii. 279. 

lib. A ' (his own Wiltshire collections): a Wood notes: 'Catalogue 2. 16, i ' : 

see Clark's Wood's Life and Times, see Wood's Life and Times, iv. 235. 
iv. 192. b Wood notes 'habeo'; he had 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 36 ; not in this book in his library. 
Aubrey's hand, and perhaps supplied c Wood notes: ' Sam. Starling, Lord 

him by Benjamin Clark the book- Mayor' (of London, 1670). 

William Penn 137 


1 larg sheet. 15. A winding-sheet for controversy 
ended ; answer to Morse, 1672, 4to large. 

1. 1 6. Propos'd comprehension seriously to be con- 

sidered, 1672, broadside. 

18. 17. Quakerisme, a new nickname for old Christi- 
anity, answer to Faldo, 1672, 8vo large. 

32. 1 8. The invalidity of J. Faldo, being a rejoynder 
in answer to him, 1673, 8vo large. 

12. 19. Wisdom justified of her children, or an answer 
to Hallywell, 1673, 8vo large. 

16. 20. Reason against ray ling, or an answer to Hicks 
Dialogues, 1673, 8vo large. 

12. 21. The counterfitt Christian detected, answer to 
Hicks 3d. Dialogue, 1674, 8vo large. 

2. 22. A briefe returne to J. Faldo's curbe, 1674, 8vo 

169. 23. The Christian Quaker and his divine testimony 

vindicated, 1674, folio. 
2. 24. Vrim and Thummim or light and righteousness 

vindicated, 1674, 4to. 
4. 25. A just rebuke a to 21 divines that vindicated 

J. Faldo's book, 1674, 4to. 
1. 26. Christian liberty desired, in a letter to the 

States at Emden, 1674, 4to. 
1. 27. A solemn offer to the Baptist to vindicate 

truth, 1674, broadside. 
1. 28. Naked truth needs no shift, being an answer to 

The last shift, 1674, broadside. 
1. 29. Libels no prooffs, 1674, broadside. 
1. 30. A returne to Jer. Jues sober request, 1674, 

4. 31. A treatise of oathes or not-swearing vindicated. 

1675, 4 to. 
6. 32. England's present interest, with honour to the 

prince, and safty to the people, 1675, 4to. 

a Wood notes 'Cat. 2. 270.' 

138 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 


2. 33. Saul smitten to the ground, or Mathew Hide's 
remorse, 1675, 4to. 

5. 34. The continued cry of the oppressed, or Friends' 

sufferings presented, 1675, 4to. 

1. 35. Epistola consulibus Emdeni, 1675, 4to. 

6. 36. The skirmisher defeated or an answer to ... 

1676, 4to. 

2. 37. An epistle to the churches of Jesus, 1677, 4to. 
4. 38. A briefe answer to a foolish libell, 1678, 4to. 

1. 39. To the children of light in this generation, 

1678, 4to. 

3. 40. One project more for the good of England, 

1679, folio. 

3. 41. An account of the province of Pensilvania 2 , 1681, 

1. 42. An abstract of the province of Pennsilvania, 

1 68 1, folio. 


1 The face of the leaf is frayed, and two notes in the top margin have become 
illegible : one said something about ' navy ' ; the other ended ' anno in Sept. 

On fol. 34 V of MS. Aubr. 8 Anthony Wood notes 'Will. Pen, the coryphaeus 
and pride of the Quakers.' A comparison of this life with the notice of Penn 
in the Athenae Oxonienses, and of the life of John Pell with the notice in the 
Fasti, shows how large is Wood's debt to Aubrey in that work. 

2 At MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 37, is found this pamphlet, 'A brief account of the 
province of Pennsylvania, lately granted by the king ... to William Penn/ 
folio, 8 pages, ' London, printed for Benjamin Clark in George Yard in 
Lombard Street, 1681.' 

Sir Thomas Penruddock. 

* (It was a) capital (offence) for a native Irishman to 
come to Dublin without a passe. 

Sir . . . espying . . . went into the corne . . . found 
him and hung him up immediately Mr. Anderson 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 1 2 : a fragmen- as an informant on Irish matters in the 
tary jotting about the severity of the life of Richard Boyle, earl of Cork, 
penal laws. 'Mr. Anderson' occurs vol. i. pp. 115, 116. 

Sir William Petty 139 

Sir William Petty (1632-1687). 
{His coat of arms*: MS. Aubr. 6, fol. I2 V .> 

Ermine, on a bend gules f,a (magnetic) needle, pointing 
t i have given to the Polar Star, or, for Petty : impaling, sable 

this bend of Sir , . , . .. 

William Petty's three walnut leaves, between 2 bendlets, or, 

coateofarmes _ TT . 

a false colouring, tor Walter c . 

scilicet red (but -11 

it was my lady's The crest is a beehive, or, with bees about it : 

mistake*); for I 

find in his the motto is 

scutchm at 

his house at his jjf a p es Geometria. 

death it is azure. * 

{His horoscope*: MS. Aubr. 6, fol. I2 V >. 

Monday, Maii 26to, 1623: n h 42' 56" P.M., natus 
Gulielmus Petty, miles, sub latitudine 51 10' (tempus 
verum), at Rumsey in Hants. 

This was donne, and a judgement 6 upon it, by Charles 
Snell, esq., of Alderholt neer Fordingbrid'ge in Hampshire 
'Jupiter in Cancer makes him fatt at heart.' John 
Gadbury also sayes that vomitts would be excellent good 
for him. 

* Sir William Petty, knight, was the [eldest f , or only,] son 
of ... Petty, of Rumsey in Hampshire, by ... his wife. 

His father was borne on the Ashwednsday, before Mr. 
Hobbes, scil. 1587 ; and dyed and was buryed at Rumsey 
1644, where Sir William intends to sett up a monument 
for him. He was by profession a clothier, and also did 
dye his owne cloathes : he left little or no estate to Sir 

Hes was borne at his father's house aforesaid, which 
is . . ., on Monday, the twenty-sixth of May 1623, eleven 
houres 42' $6" afternoone (vide Scheme h ) : Xt ned on 
Trinity Sunday. 

Rumsey is a little haven towne, but hath most kinds 

Given in colours by Aubrey. nativity made by Charles Snell, July 

i. e. Aubrey had been misinformed 10, 1676. 

by Lady Petty. * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 13. 

He married Elizabeth Waller. f The words in square brackets are 

I omit the technical figure. a pencil note in the margin. 

In MS. Aubr. 23, fol. n v , is an Subst. for 'Sir William.' 

'astrological judgment' on Petty's h i. e. of his nativity : supra. 

140 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

of artificers in it. When he was a boy his greatest delight 
was to be looking on the artificers, e. g. smyths, the watch- 
maker, carpenters, joyners, etc. and at twelve years old 
could have worked at any of these trades. Here he went 
to schoole, and learn't by 12 yeares a competent smattering 
of Latin, and was entred into the Greek. He haz had 
few sicknesses. About 8, in April very sick and so con- 
tinued till towards Michaelmas, fc^ 3 About 12 (or 13), i.e. 
before 15, he haz told me, happened to him the most 
remarkable accident of life (which he did not tell me), and 
which was the foundation of all the rest of his greatnes 
and acquiring riches. 

He a enformed me that, about 15, in March, he went over 
into Normandy b , to Caen, in a vessell that went hence, with 
a little stock, and began to merchandize c , and had so good 
successe that he maintained himselfe, and also educated 
himselfe ; this I guessed was that most remarkable accident 
that he meant. Here he learn't the French tongue, and 
perfected himselfe in the Latin, and had Greeke enough 
to serve his turne. Here (at Caen) he study ed the arts. 
Memorandum : he was sometime at La Flesshe in the 
college of Jesuites. At 18, he was (I have heard him say) 
a better mathematician then he is now : but when occasion 
is, he knows how to recurre to more mathematical know- 
ledge. At Paris he studyed anatomic, and read Versalius 
with Mr. Thomas Hobbes (vide Mr. Hobbs' life), who 
loved his company. Mr. H. then wrot his Optiques ; Sir 
W. P. then had a fine hand in drawing and limning, and 
drew Mr. Hobbes's opticall schemes for him, which he was 
pleased to like. At Paris, one time, it happened that 
he was driven to a great streight for money, and I have 
heard him say, that he lived a weeke on two peniworth (or 
3, I have forgott which, but I thinke the former) of walnutts. 
Quaere whether he was not sometimes a prisoner there ? 

!l Subst. for ' I have been enformed of this word 

that about this time.' 'To begin to play the mer- 

b Subst. for ' France.' chant.' 
c Aubrey adds the interpretation d ' I guesse ' subst. for ' no doubt.' 

Sir William Petty 141 

Anno Domini 164- he came to Oxon, and entred him- 
selfe of Brasen-nose college. Here he taught a anatomy 
to the young scholars. Anatomy was then but little 
understood by the university, and I remember * he kept 
a body that he brought by water from Reding a good 
while to read on, some way preserv'd or pickled b . 

Anno Domini (1650) happened that memorable accident 
and experiment of the reviving Nan Green c , which is to be 
ascribed and attributed to Dr. William Petty, as the 
first discoverer of life in her, and author of saving her. 
Vide and insert the materiall passages in the tryal, and 
anatomicall experiment of Nan Green at Oxon : vide the 

Here he lived and was beloved by all the ingeniose 
scholars d , particularly Ralph Bathurst of Trin. Coll. (then 
Dr. of Physique) ; Dr. John Wilkins (Warden of Wadham 
Coll.); Seth Ward, D.D., Astronom. Professor; Dr. 
(Robert) Wood ; Thomas Willis. M.D., &c. Memoran- 
dum : about these times experimentall philosophy first 
budded here and was first cultivated by these vertuosi in 
that darke time. 

Anno Domini . . . (quaere) he was chosen musique 
professor at Grcsham Colledge, London, v. pag. e 2. 

Anno Domini . . . (quaere Edmund Wyld, esq., when) the 
Parliament sent surveyors to survey Ireland ; vide pag. e 2. 

** Dr. Petty was resident in Oxon 1648, 1649, an d 
left it (if Anthony Wood f is not mistaken) in 1652. He 
tooke his degree of Dr. of Physique anno Domini ... at 
. . . (quaere). 

He was about 1650 (quaere) elected Professor of 
Musique at Gresham Colledge, by, and by the interest of, 
his friend captaine John Graunt (who wrote the Observa- 
tions on the Bills of Mortality), and at that time was worth 
but fourtie pounds in all the world. 

a 'taught' subst. for 'read and i. 165. 
taught.' a Subst. for ' gent.' 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 13*. e i. e. fol. 14. 

b Dupl. with 'sowsed.' ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 14. 

c Clark's Wood's Life and Times , f See vol. i. p. 367, note (e). 

142 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

Shortly after (scil. anno Domini 1652 in August, he had 
t Quaere ^e P atent ^ or Ireland) he was recommended 

""""ISjiSfc?' to tne Parliament t to be one of the surveyors 
circiter 1651.' o f Ireland, to which employment capt. John 

{ Severall made / J 

offers to the Graunt s interest did also helpe to give him 

Parliament to t r 

survey it (when a lift an d Edmund Wvld. csq., also, then 

the Parliament * 

a member f Parliament, and a great fautor 
^ m g em ' ose an d good men, for meer meritt 
sa ^ e t ( not being formerly acquainted with him) 
did him great service, which perhaps he knowes 

Sir Jonas More t r 

contemnd it as 11UL Ui * 

To be short, he is a person of so great 
' worth and learning, and haz such a prodigious 

From Edmmid working witt, that he is both fitt for, and an 
pag. 2.- c fcs^' de honour to, the highest preferment. 

Aubr. 6, fol. 13". -,-) . . , . 

Joy this surveying employment he gott an 
estate in Ireland (before the restauration of King Charles II) 
of 1 8000 /f. per annum, the greatest part wherof he was 
forced afterwards to refund b , the former owners being then 
declared innocents. He hath yet there 7 or 8000 It. per 
annum and can, from the Mount Mangorton in the com. 
of Kerry, behold 50000 acres of his owne land. He hath 
an estate in every province of Ireland. 

The kingdome of Ireland he hath surveyed, and that 
with that exactnesse (quaere Sir J. H. de modo), that there 
is no estate the(re) to the value of threscore pounds per 
annum but he can shew, to the value, and those that he 
employed for the geometricall part were ordinary fellowes, 
some (perhaps) foot-soldiers, that circumambulated with 
their box and needles, not knowing what they did, which 
Sir William knew right well how to make use of. 

Anno Domini 1667 (vide his Scheme ), he maried on 
Trinity Sunday . . . the relict of Sir (Maurice) Fen ton, of 
Ireland, knight, daughter of Sir Hasdras Waller of Ireland 
by . . ., a very beautifull and ingeniose lady, browne, with 

a i. e. fol. 14. 

b Subst. for ' to restore to the former owners, being then. 
c Supra, p. 139. 

Sir William Petty 143 

glorious eies, by whom he hath . . . sonnes, and . . . 
daughters, very lovely children, but all like the mother. 
He has a naturall daughter that much resembles him, 
no legitimate child so much, that acts at the Duke's play- 
house, who hath had a child by ... about 1679. She is 
(1680) about 21. 

* I remember about 1660 there was a great difference 

between him and Sir , one of Oliver's knights, 

about . . . They printed one against the other : this 
knight was wont to preach at Dublin. The knight had 
been a soldier, and challenged Sir William to fight with 
him. Sir William is extremely short sighted, and being 
the challengee it belonged to him to nominate a place and 
weapon. He nominates, for the place, a darke cellar, and 
the weapon to be a great carpenter's axe. This turned 
the knight's challenge into ridicule, and so it came to 

He can be an excellent droll (if he haz a mind to 
it) and will preach extempore incomparably, either the 
Presbyterian way, Independent, Cappucin frier, or Jesuite. 

** He recieved the honour of knighthood Anno Domini 

He had his patent for earle of Kilmore and baron of ... 
1 66- which he stifles during his life to avoyd 

T Xpuo-ct CTHJ 

Pythagorae: nv | ^ut ^j g sonne w jn have the benefitt 

Ile<pvAafo ye J \ 

JMS, f the precedency.-[I expected b that his 
"*" sonne would have broken-out a lord or earle : 

ft^ but it seemes that he had enemies at the court at 
Dublin, which out of envy obstructed the passing of his 

Anno 1660 he came into England, and was presently 
recieved into good grace with his majestic, who was 
mightily pleased with his discourse. 

Anno Domini 1663 he made his double-bottom'd vessell 
(launched about new-yeere's tide), of which he gave a 
modell to the Royall Societie made with his owne hands, 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 14*. ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 13*. 

a Subst. for ' appoint.' b This sentence is a later addition. 

144 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

and it is kept in the repository at Gresham College. It did 
doe very good service, but anno 16 happned to be 
lost in an extraordinary storme in the Irish sea. (Memor- 
andum : there is yet a double bottomd vessell in the 

Isle 'of Wight, made by one Mr which, they say, 

sailes well : quaere capt. Lee.) 

* Anno Domini 167^ (vide the yeare of T. Deer's 
lettres), March 18, he was correpted by the Lord Chan- 
cellor Finch, when the patent for the farming of Ireland 
was sealed, to which Sir William would not scale. 
Monday. 2Oth March, he was affronted by Mr. Vernon : 
Tuesday following Sir William and his ladie's brother (Mr. 
Waller) Hectored Mr. Vernon and caned him. 

** He went towards* Ireland in order to be a member 
of that Parliament, March 22, i6f~g- God send him a 
prosperous journey. 

1680 b . . ., he went to Rumsey to see his native country, 
and to erect a monument to his father. 

He is a person of an admirable inventive head, and 
practicall parts. He hath told me that he hath read but 
little, that is to say, not since 25 aetat., and is of Mr. 
Hobbes his mind, that had he read much, as some men have, 
he had not known so much as he does, nor should have 
made such discoveries and improvements. 

I remember one St. Andrewe's day (which is the day 
of the generall meeting of the Royall Society for annuall 
elections), I sayd, ' methought 'twas not so well that we 
should pitch upon the Patron of Scotland's day, we should 
rather have taken St. George or St. Isidore ' (a philosopher 
canonized). ' No,' said Sir William, * I would rather have 
had it c on St. Thomas day, for he would not beleeve till 
he had seen d and putt his fingers into the holes,' according 
to the motto Nullius in verb a. 

He haz told me that he never gott by legacies in his 
life, but only x It. which was not payd. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 14. b This sentence has been scored out. 

** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. I4 V . c been ' followed : scored out. 

a Subst. for ' into.' d Dupl. with ' felt.' 

Sir William Petty 145 

* He has told me, that wheras some men have 
accidentally come into the way of preferment, by lying at 
t E.pmycosen an inne, and there contracting an acquaint- 
P!atte a s n thom ance ; on the roade ; or as some others f have 
cott?ngton donne ; he never had any such like opportunity, 

but hewed out his fortune himselfe quod N.B. 
He is a proper handsome man, measured six 
gentleman of the foot high, good head of browne haire, moder- 

horse when he -TA r 

went his ately turning up : vide his picture as Dr. of 

embassy into . - 

Spaine*. This Physique. His eies are a kind of goose-grey, 

was on ship- J n 

board. but very short sighted, and, as to aspect, 

beautifull, and promise sweetnes of nature, and they doe 
not decieve, for he is a marveillous good-natured person, 
and e#a-7rAayx*'oj. Eie-browes thick, darke, and straight 
(horizontall). His head is very lardge, fxaKpo/ce^aAo?. He 
was in his youth very slender, but since these twenty 
yeares and more past he grew very plump, so that now 
(1680) he is abdomine tardus. This last March, i6JJ, 
I perswaded him to sitt for his picture to Mr. Loggan, 
the graver, whom I forthwith went for myselfe, and he 
drewe it just before his goeing into Ireland, and 'tis very like 
him. But about 1659, ne nac * a picture in miniture drawne 
by his friend and mine, Mr. Samuel Cowper (prince of 
limners of his age), one of the likest that ever he drew. 

Scripsit : 

1. W. P.'s Advice concerning the Education of Youth b , 
sticht, 4 to , printed. 

2. [A c contest and controversie between him and Sir . . . : 
about which Sir William printed a little discourse in 8vo : 
quaere nomen libri.] 

3. Historic or Discourse of Taxes, 4to. 

4. Duplicate Proportion, 8vo., printed. [G. d 28, p. 5.] 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 15. c Written at first '. . . with Sir 
a In 1631. ... in 8vo': and then a line drawn 
b Anthony Wood notes : { See to bring in this fuller title from the 

another title in B. 19 ; G. 28, p. 5,' opposite page. 

collections of Wood's own : Clark's d Note by Anthony Wood : erased. 

Wood's Life and Times, iv. 232. 

II. L 

146 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

5. Politique Arithmetique, MS. [vide a part 3, p. 2a: G. 
28, 6.] 

6. Politique Anatomic of Ireland, MS. 

7. A treatise of building shippes, which he presented 
to the Royall Societie about 1661 ; which the lord 
Brounker was pleased to keepe to himselfe, and never 
returned it ; a MS.- 

Observations on the Bills of Mortality^ were really his. 

Translation of Psalme in Latin hexameter, 

stitch't, folio, printed, London, 1677 (quaere ). 

Since his death I have seen, in his closet, a great 
many tractatiuncli in MS. e. g. Religio Christiana Puerilis ; 
Via brevis ad Medicinam ; An Essay to know or judge 
the Value of Landes ; His owne life in Latin verse ; De 
Connubiis ; Severall Epigrammes and Verses by him ; 
Of Mills ; An Engine very usefull for raysing of water ; 
cum multis aliis that have slipt out of my memorie. 
Memorandum : his 2 last printed tracts were comparisons 
or paralleling of London and Paris, stitcht, 8vo. 

* I have heard Sir William say more than once, that 
t He was first ^ e knew not that he was purblind till his 
tice n tot ppren " master t (a master of a shippe) bade him 
sea-captame. climbe-up the rope ladder, and give notice when 
he espied such a steeple (somewhere upon the coast of 
England or France, I have forgot where), which was 
a land-marke for the avoyding of a shelfe ; at last the 
master sawe it on the deck, and they fathom'd and found 
they were but . . . foot water, wherupon (as I remember) 
his master drubb't him with a cord. 

Before he went into Ireland, he sollicited, and no doubt 
he was an admirable good sollicitor. I have heard him 
say that in solliciting (with the same paines) he could 
dispatch severall businesses, nay, better than one alone, 
for by conversing with severall he should gaine the more 
knowledge, and the greater interest. 

ft Note by Anthony Wood : erased. b Supra, vol. i. p. 272. 

c Anthony Wood adds the reference < G. 28, p. 6.' 
* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 15*. 

Sir William Petty 147 

In the time of the warre with the Dutch, they concluded 
at the councell-board at London, to have so many 
sea men out of Irland (I thinke 1500). Away to Irland 
came one with a commission, and acquaints Sir William 
with it ; sayes Sir William, ' you will never rayse this 
number here.' ' Oh/ sayd the other, * I warrant you, I 
will not abate you a man.' Now Sir William knew 'twas 
impossible, for he knew how many tunne of shipping 

belongd to Ireland, and the rule is, to tunnes 

so many men. Of these shipps halfe were abroad, and 
of those at home so many men unfit. In fine, the com- 
missioner with all his diligence could not possibly rayse 
above 200 seamen there. So we may see how statesmen 
may mistake for want of this Politique Arithmetique. 

Another time the councell at Dublin were all in a great 
racket for the prohibition of coale from England and 
Wales, considering that all about Dublin is such a vast 
quantity of turfe ; so they would improve their rents, sett 
poor men on worke, and the city should be served with 
fuell cheaper. Sir William prima facie knew that this 
project could not succeed. Sayd he, ' If you will make 
an order to hinder the bringing-in of coales by foreigne 
vessells, and bring it in vessells of your owne, I approve 
of it very well : but for your supposition of the cheapnesse 
of the turfe, 'tis true 'tis cheape on the place, but consider 
carriage, consider the yards that must contayn such a 
quantity for respective houses, these yards must be rented ; 
what will be the chardge?' The(y) supputated, and 
found that (every thing considered) 'twas much dearer then 
to fetch coale from Wales, or etc. 

Memorandum: about 1665 he presented to the Royall 
Societie a discourse of his (in manuscript, of about a quire 
of paper) of building of shippes, which the lord Brounker 
(then president) tooke away, and still keepes, saying, ' 'Twas 
too great an arcanum of state to be commonly perused ' ; 
but Sir William told me that Dr. Robert Wood, M.D., 
aforesayd, has a copie of it, which he himselfe haz not : 
quaere Dr. Wood for it. 

L z 

148 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

Sir William Petty died at his house in Peccadilly-street 
(almost opposite to St. James church a , on Fryday, i6th day 
of December, 1687, of a gangrene in his foot, occasioned 
by the swelling of the gowt, and is buried with his father 
and mother in the church at Rumsey in Hampshire. J^"See 
his will. 

My lady Petty was created baronnesse of Shelburn in 
Ireland, and her eldest sonne baron of the same, a little 
before the comeing-in of the Prince of Orange. 

* Sir William Petty had a brother . . ., like him, who 
dyed sine prole : he has his picture. Quaere if I have 
mentioned Nan Green b out of the printed narrative ? 

** His picture by Fuller in his Dr. of M{edicine) gowne, 
a skull in his hand ; then a spare man ; (with a) little 
band ; Veslingius' Anatomic by him. 'Twas he (Sir 
William) that putt Fuller to drawe the muscles as at Oxon 
gallery c . 

*** Quaere nomen of the knight his antagonist, Sir 

? Resp. 'Twas Sir Hierome Sanchy that was his 

antagonist : against whom he wrote the 8vo booke, about 
1662. He was one of Oliver's knights, a commander and 
preacher and no conjuror. He challenged Sir William 
to fight with him. Sir William being the challengee named 
the place, a darke cellar, the weapon, carpenter's great 
axe ; so by this expedient Sir William (who is short- 
sighted) would be at an equall tourney with this douty 

**** Sir W. Petty was a Rota man, and troubled 
Mr. James Harrington with his arithmeticall proportions, 
reducing politic to numbers. 

***** Sir W. P. 1 8 March (1671) correpted by the Lord 
Chancellor when the patent was to be sealed, which he 

a Written at first ' to the church' ; ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 12. 

Anthony Wood queried in the margin c i. e. the Picture Gallery at the 

'what church'; and then Aubrey Bodleian, 

inserted the name. *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. II T . 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 1 i. **** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 12. 

b Clark's Wood's Life and Times, ***** MS. Aubr. 23, a slip at fol. 

i- 165. ii*. 

Sir William Petty 149 

would not scale. Monday, 2Oth, he was affronted by Mr. 
Vernon ; Tuesday, he hectored him. 

* Sir William Petty scripsit A Politicall Anatomic of 
Ireland. He assured me by letter from Dublyn, July 12, 
1 68 1 : ' I am not forward to print this Politicall Arith- 
metique but doe wish that what goeth abroad were 
compared with the copie in Sir Robert Southwell's hand, 
which I corrected in March 1679.' He told me some 
yeares since, before the copie was dedicated to the Royal 
Societie, that ' the doeing of it would cost 50,000 #., but 
Ireland will be donne.' 

(In MS. Aubr. 22 is a printed tract, 26 pages (besides 
prefatory matter), ' The advice of W. P. to Mr. Samuel 
Hartlib for the advancement of some particular parts of 
learning,' Lond. 1648 : the preface signed 'W. P., London, 
8 Jan. 1 64!,' i.e. W. Petty.) 

(In MS. Aubr. 26, at p. 24, are 'Directions from Sir 
William Petty to me heretofore, scil. 1671,' for collecting 
national statistics.) 

(In MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 62, are 4 folio printed pages con- 
taining the evidence of Sir William Petty, as sole surviving 
trustee for 900 soldiers commonly called the three Regiments, 
given on 25 July, 1681, before Henry Hen, Lord Chief 
Baron of Ireland, about lands in the baronies of Iveragh, 
Dunkeron, and Glanoroght in county Kerry.) 

** Sir William Pety his eldest sonne is baron of 
Shelbrooke in Ireland; and his lady (widow) is baroness 
by patent from king James the 2 d , anno 1688. 

*** In the Paris Gazette about January, i68J, 'Mon- 
sieur Coussin travaille pour faire eloge de Sir W. Petty 
which will be inserted in the Journal de Scavans '- 
which see. 

#*## Sir William Petty had a boy that whistled in- 
comparably well. He after wayted on a lady, a 
widowe, of good fortune. Every night this boy was to 
whistle his lady asleepe. At last shee . . . marries 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 8. *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 12*. 

** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 8. **** MS. Aubr. 21, p. n. 

150 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

him .... This is certeyn true ; from himselfe and 
Mrs. Grant a . 

Fabian Philips (1601-1690). 

* Fabian Philips l from himselfe, 1682 borne hard by 
Prestbury in Gloucestershire, anno Domini 1601, in 
September, on Michelmas-Eve. His mother's name was 
Bagehott (an heire to a younger brother) ; his father was 
Andrew Philips, of an ancient familie in Herefordshire, 
seaven descents, who sold 600 //. per annum in Hereford- 
shire, in Leominster ; some of it his sonne Fabian (of whom 
I write) bought again. He was of the Middle Temple, 
London ; a filizer of London, Middlesex, Cambridgeshire, 
and Huntingdonshire. Of great assiduity, and reading, 
and a great lover of antiquities. He haz a great memorie, 
which holds still well now in his 8oth yeare. He told me 
St. Austin wrote at 90 ; judge Coke at 84 ; and bishop 
Hall, of Norwych, at 8-. His house is over against the 
middle of Lincoln's Inne garden, in Chancery Lane. Two 
dayes before king Charles ist was beheaded, he wrote 
a * protestation against the intended murther of the king,' 
and printed it, and caused it to be putt upon the posts. 
When all the courts in Westminster-hall were voted-downe 
by Barebones Parliament, he wrote a booke to justifie the 
right use of them, and Lenthall (the speaker) and the 
Keepers of the Libertie did send him thanks for saveing 

of the courts. c . , 

Scrip sit : 

f * M.S. Fabiani Philipps, armigeri, Medii Templi socii, qui quosdam 
perfidos et ingratos nimium amando seipsum non (uti potuit) amavit, 
curis librisque consenuit, aliorum totus vix suus, tandem per varies 
vitae vortices et aerumnarum anfractus ad amoris et lucis aeternitates 
coeli sedesque beatissimas transmigravit . . . die . . . aerae Christianae 
millessimo sexcentessimo . . . cum . . . soles vixisset. 
Qui vero fidus veri Fabianus amator 

Decumbens requiem morte Philippus agit. 

a Perhapswifeof Major John Grnunt. ** Aubrey, in MS. Wood F. 49, fol. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 103*. 127. 

Fabian Philips 151 

(Catalogue of his writings.) 

* I. King Charles the First no man of blood, but a martyr for 
his people. 

2. The antient legall fundamentall and necessary rights of courts of 
justice in their writs of capias arrests and proces of outlawry against 
peremptory summons and citations: printed 1676. 

3. The reforming registry, against publick registries ; printed 1678. 

4. Reasons for the continuance of the writs of capias and proces of 
arrest against peremptory summons, etc. : printed 1675. 

5. A view of the chancery. 

6. The pretended perspective glasse. 

7. Tuenda non tollenda. 

8. Ligeancia lugens. 

9. The antiquity of fines and amerciaments. 

10. The mistaken recompence. 

11. Restauranda. 

12. Monenda. 

13. Ursa major et minor. 

14. Investigatio jurium et antiquorum et rationalium regni etc. : 
printed 1687. 

15. Legale necessarium : about estreateing and leavying fines and 
amercements and other profits of the king's casuall revenues. 

Tristia diffugiunt, paupertas, cura, labores, 

Ouae tulit ingratis gratior urna tulit. 
O miseris miserans, Jesus, miserere Philippo ; 

Defesso Fabian sanguine parta tuo, 
Sanguine parta tuo, da gaudia luce perenni, 

Gaudia coelicolis morte parata tua. 

Oh ens entium, deus misericordiarum, amator animarum, spes 
viventium et mortuorum, miserere mei et posterorum. 

He dyed the iyth of November 1690, and lies buried by 
his wife at Twyford, a little church neer Acton in Middlesex, 
in the southwest part of the church at the lower end of the 

His sonne will not be at the chardge to sett this up for 
his father. But I have spoken to his good daughter to 
sett his name and obiit. His workes will praise him in 
the gates a . 

* Aubrey, in MS. Wood F. 49, fol. 33, 34: March II, 169?. 
a Prov. xxxi. 31. 

152 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

From his eldest sonne, who succeeds him in his place 
of filazer. 

* Old Fabian Philips has told me severall times 
that it hath cost him 800 It. in taking paines searching and 
writing to assert the king's prerogative and never gott 
a groate. Only, when the regulation of the lawe was, he 
was made one of the commissioners, which was worth 200 li. 
per annum I thinke it lasted two yeares. 


1 Aubrey gives in trick the coat : ' azure, a fess between 3 falcons argent.' 
This life is later than the others in MS. Aubr. 6, being written on a page 
originally set aside for ' Mr. John Milton.' Letters of F. Philips to A. Wood 
are found in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 64, 65. 

John Philips (1631-1706). 

** Mr. Philips, author of Montelion * and Don Juan 
L amber to*> is very happy at jiggish poetrey. 

Montelion is happy for a jiggish phancy and gypsies and 

Katherine Philips (1634-1664). 

*** Orinda From Mr. J. Oxenbridge, her uncle (now 
prisoner in the Fleet on her account for a dept of her 
husband, scil. bound for him 28 yeares since), and lady 

Mris c Katharine Fowler was the daughter of John 
Fowler of London, merchant (an eminent merchant in 
Bucklersbury), and Katherine Oxenbridge, daughter of ... 
Oxenbridg, M.D., President of the Physicians' College 
quaere de hoc in (the London) Dispens(atory). 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. b 1661 : a satire on major-general 
4I4 V : Feb. i, 169$. John Lambert (? by Flatman). 

** MS. Aubr. 21, p. 3, and p. 23*. *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 38. 

Thomas Flatman is said by Anthony c MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 40, is a fair 

Wood to have had the chief hand in copy of part of this paragraph in 

these books. Dr. Philip Bliss' hand, probably as a 

* Montelion's Almanac, 1660 (by guide to his copyist. 
Philips), 1 66 1, 1662 (both by Flatman). 

John Philips. Katherine Philips 153 

She was . . . christned in Woollchurch. If alive now 
(July 1681), she might be 48 or 49 ; vide register*. 

* Katharine, the daughter of John Fowler and Katharine 
his wife, was baptized January 11, 1631, as per the register 
booke of St. Mary Woole-church appeareth. 

I say, 

Robert Watkins, churchwarden. 

** She went to schoole at Hackney to Mris Salmon, 
a famous schoolmistris, Presbyterian, (John) Ball's cate- 
chism b . Amici c > Mris Mary Aubrey and Mris . . . 
Harvey since, lady (Sir . * . ) Deering. Loved poetrey at 
schoole, and made verses there. She takes after her 
grandmother Oxenbridge, her grandmother, who was an 
acquaintance of Mr. Francis Quarles, being much inclined 
to poetrie herselfe. 

Maried to James Philips of the Priorie at Cardigan, esq., 
about 1647 (scil. the yeare after the army was at Putney), 
by whom she had one sonne, dead (in her booke), and one 
daughter married to Mr. Wgari of . . . , in some degree 
like her mother. 

She was very religiously devoted when she was young d ; 
prayed by herself an hower together, and tooke sermons 
verbatim when she was but 10 yeares old. 

She died of the small pox in Fleet Street. Shee lies buried 
at St. Benet-Sherehog at the end of Syth's lane in London. 

Ex registro istius ecclesiae : * Mris Katherine Philippes, 
the wife of James Philippes, was buried the 23 of June 1664 
in the north ayle under the great stone with the brasen 
monyment ' the brasse is now lost. 

She was when a child much against the bishops, and 
prayd to God to take them to him, but afterwards was 
reconciled to them. Prayed aloud, as the hypocriticall 
fashion then was, and was overheared vide a of T(homas) 
H(obbes) Civill Warres and Satyre against Hypocrites. 

The paragraph following is the ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 38. 

certificate from the parish register of b In 1632, in its isth edition, 

baptisms. c Sic. = ' Her school-friends were/ 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 38*. d Dupl. with ' little.' 

154 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

My cozen Montague (told me that she had a) read 
pumpled face ; wrote out verses in innes, or mottos in 
windowes, in her table-booke. 

* Memorandum : La Solitude de St. Amant was 
englished by Mris Katherine Philips. 'Tis 20 stanzas 
I thinke not yet printed I had them from Elizabeth, the 
countesse of Thanet, 1672. 

Quaere what shee wrote? 


Pompey tragedy. 

She went into Ireland (after her manage) with the lady 
Dungannon (whom she calles Lucatia) ; and at Dublin she 
wrote Pompey. 

Her husband had a good estate, but bought Crowne 
landes ; he mortgaged, etc. His brother Hector tooke ofT 
the mortgages and haz the lands. 

From her cosen Blacket, who lived with her from her 
swadling cloutes to eight, and taught her to read : She 
informes me viz. when a child she was mighty apt to 
learne, and she assures me that she had read the Bible 
thorough before she was full four yeares old ; she could 
have sayd I know not how many places of Scripture and 
chapters. She was a frequent hearer of sermons ; had an 
excellent memory and could have brought away a sermon 
in her memory. Very good-natured ; not at all high- 
minded ; pretty fatt ; not tall ; reddish faced. 

Quaere my cosen Montagu a when she began to make 
verses. Quaere how many children she had Quaere her 
coat of arms, and her husband's. 

Major-Generall Skippen b was her mother's third husband. 

' She c lies interred under a gravestone with her father 
and grandfather and grandmother, just opposite to the 
dore of the new churchyard, about 3 yards distant ' 
quaere if from the doore or the opposite wal ; and quaere 
if any inscription on her relations on the said stone. 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 38 V . c Information given by some one 

" Sister of Sir John Aubrey. to Aubrey, who notes an ambiguity 

b Philip Skippon. in it. 

Thomas Pigot. Thomas Pittis 155 

She had only one daughter . . . who is marled to ... 
Wgan esq. of Pembrokeshire or Caermarthenshire quaere 
iterum her uncle Oxenbridge. 

Thomas Pigot (1657-1686). 

* Mr. Thomas Pigot was borne at Brindle, in Lancashire, 
about eleven a clock at night (sed quaere his brother Henry 
+ de hoc) from Mr. Pond. 

** I have got Mr. Pigot's birth, as to the month and 
howre from his kinswoman who was at his mother's labour 
and recieved him in her lapp. If you are acquainted with 
his brother, desire him to give you the anno Domini. 

*** Mr. Thomas Pigot, M.A. Coll. Wadh., my worthy 
friend, obiit August 14, A.D. 1686, of a feaver, about one 
a clock in the afternoon. 

He was fellow of Wadham College and chaplain in 
ordinary to the earle of Ossory. at whose house in St. James' 
Square he deceased. He was buried in St. James's church 
by St. James's fields, Sunday the i5th, in the middle aisle 
between the pulpit and the railes of the communion-table 
of the north side of this aisle, in the grave of Mr. Rigby, 
the first rector 3 here, upon whose coffin he lies. His head 
lies under 14. 

His brother haz a MS. of musick written by him, a 
little 410. 

Quaere for his decyphering the inscription on Sir Thomas 
More's family-picture at Bessills-Leigh. Memorandum 
this decyphering gives great light to the antiquitie of the 
family which els would be lost utterly. 

He haz some pieces of opus tessellatmn found at or near 
Badmanton (the duke of Beauford's) not long before his 

Thomas Pittis (1636-1687). 

**** Dr. Thomas Pittis, rector of St. Botolph's Bishops- 
gate, died Wednesday in Christmas weeke in December 

* MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 92*. *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 97*. 

** Aubrey, in MS. Wood F. 39, a Dupl. with minister.' 

fol. 380 : Sept. 25, 1686. **** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 9 \ 

156 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

1687. He was buryed in the Isle of Wight at the west 

He haz a sonne of the same College a in Oxford that he 
was of. 

Sir William Platers. 

* Sir William Plater b , knight, was a Cambridgeshire 
gentleman at .... He had a good estate (about 3000 li. 
per annum]. He was a very well bred gentleman, as most 
was of those times ; had travelled France, Italic, etc., and 
understood well those languages. He was one of the Long 
Parliament in the time of the late warres. 

He was a great admirer and lover of handsome woemen, 
and kept severall. Henry Martyn and he were great 
cronies, but one time (about 1644) there was some difference 
between them Sir William had gott away one of Henry's 
girles, and Sir John Berkinhead inserted in his Mercurius 
Aulicus how the saintes fell out. He' was temperate and 
thriftie as to all other things. 

He had onely one sonne, who was handsome and 
ingeniose, and whome he cultivated with all imaginable 
care and education 6 . . . He allowed his son liberally 
but enjoyned him still temperance, and to sett downe his 
expences d . . . 

The father was a good linguist and a good antiquary. 
This beloved sonne of his dyeing . . . , shortned his father's 
dayes. He built the triumphall-like arch wheron the 
king's armes is in the partition between church and chancell 
at St. Margaret's Westminster, under which he lies buried. 
The following inscription is on the arch 1 , viz. . . . 

** Sir William Platers 2 , knight and baronet ; about 
5000 li, per annum. His sonne very ingeniose, and made 
a very good returne of his education. He was a colonel 
in the king's army and was killed in his service, which his 

" Trinity College, Oxford. c Two lines of text are here sup- 

* MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 15. pressed. 

b In MS. Aubr. 8, fol. I2 V , Aubrey d A line of text is suppressed, 

has a note : ' Sir William Playters ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 16. 

was of Suffolke.' 

Sir Thomas Pope 157 

father tooke so to heart that he enjoyed not himselfe 

Henry Martyn, his crony, invited him to a treat, where 
Sir William fell in love with one of his misses and slockst 
her away which Sir J(ohn) B(irkenhead) putt in the 
Mercurius Attlicus. 

In St. Margaret's Westminster he erected a monument 
against the south wall for Mr. James Palmer 3 , B.D., 
sequestred minister of St. Bride's London. He (Mi- 
Palmer) was a very pious good man, and a benefactor 
to his native parish here, where he built an almes-howse ; 
obiit 1659; and this monument was erected at the sole 
chardge of Sir William Platers, knight and baronet sett 
downe so there. 


1 Aubrey notes the inscription in MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 29 : ' St. Margaret's 



Erected at the charge of Sir William 
Platers, Knight and Baronet, anno 1662.' 
To which he adds the note : 

' Hee departed this life the I9th of Aprill anno 1668 idem a , east side.' 
Here Anthony Wood makes the query : 

'Who doe you meane by this person that died 1668?' And Aubrey 
answers : 

'Sir William Platers, I doe not enter him here as a worthie, but he does 
inipkre locum. He was a merry man in the raigne of the Saints. Mercurius 
Atilicus made a good sport with him and Henry Martin.' 

2 Aubrey gives in trick the coat : ' bendy wavy of six argent and azure ' ; but 
leaves blank the coat it impales. 

3 James Palmer, B.A., of Magd. Coll., Cambr., i6o| ; B.D. 1613; vicar of 
St. Bride's, Fleet Street, 1616-45. 

Sir Thomas Pope (1508-1559). 

* Sir Thomas Pope, founder of Trinity College, Oxon, 
bought church-lands without money. His way was this. 
He contracted, and then presently sold long leases, for 
which he had great fines and but a small rent. These 
leases were out in the reigne of King James the first, and 

* Meaning, I suppose, that this the same monument, 
date is carved on the east side of * MS. Aubr. 26, fol. 23. 

158 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

then the estate was worth 8000 pounds per annum. He 
could have rode in his owne lands from Cogges (by Witney) 
to Banbury, about 18 miles. 

* I have a curious MSS. manuall of Sir Thomas Pope, 
which if I thought would be chained in Trinity College 
library, I would dedicate it there, but I know not how 
magistracy, etc., have altered somebody*. 

Sir John Popham (1531-1607). 

** Sir John Popham 1 , Lord Chiefe Justice of the King's 
Bench, was the . . . son of .... Popham, of .... in 
the countie of Somerset. 

He was of the Societie of ... and for severall (years) 
addicted himselfe but little to the studie of the lawes, but 
profligate company, and was wont to tak a purse with them. 
His wife considered her and his condition, and at last 
prevailed with him to lead another life, and to stick to the 
studie of the lawe : which, upon her importunity, he did, 
being then about thirtie yeares old. (He) spake to his 
wife to provide a very good entertainment for his camerades 
to take his leave of them ; and after that day fell extremely 
hard to his studie, and profited exceedingly. He was 
t The picture of a stron g' stout man, and could endure to sit 
r" He at ft day an d night f ; became eminent in his 
calling, had good practise; called to be a 

braz^fac^and Serjeant ^o^ & j udge ^593). yide 

Origines Juridiciales. 

Sir . . . (John, I think) Dayrell, of Littlecote, in com. 
Wilts, having gott his ladie's waiting woman with child, 
when her travell came, sent a servant with a horse for 
a midwife, whom he was to bring hood-winked. She was 
brought, and layd the woman, but as soon as the child was 
borne, she sawe the knight take the child and murther it, 

* MS. Ballard 14, fol. 108, a letter 1670, and was now Vice-Chancellor 

from Aubrey to Anthony Wood, dated of Oxford. Wood had accused him 

Aug. 18, 1674. of growing arrogant in his office. 

ft Ralph Bathurst, President of ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 89*. 
Trinity, had become dean of Wells in 

Sir John Popham 159 

and burnt it in the fire in the chamber. She having donne 
her businesse was extraordinarily rewarded for her paines, 
and sent blinfold away. This horrid action did much run 
in her mind, and she had a desire to discover it, but knew not 
where 'twas. She considerd with herselfe the time that she 
was riding, and how many miles might be rode at that rate 
in that time, and that it must be some great person's house, 
for the roome was 1 2 foot high ; and she could know the 
chamber if she sawe it. She went to a Justice of Peace, 
and search was made. The very chamber found. The 
knight was brought to his tryall ; and to be short, this 
t sir John judge had this noble howse, parke, and man- 
senten 2 * nor, and (I thinke) more, for a bribe to save 

according to , . .._ , 

lawe; but being hlS lllC J. 

a great person. ... . . 

and a favourite, 1 nave seen his picture ; he was a huge, 

he a procured a 

noli prosequi. heavie, ugly man. He left a vast estate to his 
son, Sir Francis (I thinke ten thousand pounds, per annum) ; 
he lived b like a hog, but his sonne John was a great 
waster, and dyed in his father's time. 

He u was the greatest howse-keeper in England ; would 
have at Littlecote 4 or 5 or more lords at a time. His 
wife (Harvey) was worth to him, I thinke, 60000 //., and 
she was as vaine as he, and she sayd that she had brought 
such an estate, and she scorned but she would live as high 
as he did ; and in her husband's absence would have all 
the woemen of the countrey thither, and feast them, and 
make them drunke, as she would be herselfe. They both 
dyed by excesse ; and by luxury and cosonage by their 
servants, when he dyed, there was, I thinke, a hundred 
thousand pound debt. 

Old Sir Francis, he lived like a hog, at Hownstret in 
Somerset, all this while with a moderate pittance. 

Mr. John would say that his wive's estate was ill gott 
and that was the reason they prospered no better ; she would 
say that the old judge gott the estate unjustly, and thus they 
would twitt one another, and that with matter of trueth. 

a Sir ... Dayrell. b ' lived' subst. for was.' 

c John Popham, son of Sir Francis. 

160 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

I remember this epitaph was made on Mr. John 
Popham : 

Here lies he, who, not long since, 
Kept a table like a prince, 
Till Death came, and tooke away. 
Then ask't the old man, What's to pay? 

* Memorandum : at the hall in Wellington 2 in the 
countie of Somerset (the ancient seate of the Pophams), 
and which was this Sir John's, Lord Chiefe Justice, (but 
quaere if he did not buy it ?) did hang iron shackells, of 
which the tradicion of the countrey is that, long agoe, one 
of the Pophams (lord of this place) was taken and kept 
a slave by the Turkes for a good while, and that by his 
ladie's great pietie, and continuall prayers, he was brought 
to this place by an invisible power, with these shackells on 
his legges, which were here hung up as a memoriall, and 
continued till the house (being a garrison) was burn't. All 
the countrey people steadfastly beleeve the truelh hereof. 

** Lord Chief Justice Popham first brought in (i. e. 
revived) brick building in London (scil. after Lincolne's 
Inne and St. James's); and first sett-afoote the Planta- 
tions, e.g. Virginia (from Fabian Philips) which he 
stockt or planted out of all the gaoles of England. 


1 Aubrey gives in trick the coat : ' argent, on a chief gules 2 bucks' heads 
caboshed or, a crescent for difference.' 

2 MS. Wood F. 49, fol. 139, has a note which Wood describes to be by 
' Francis Snow, of Merton College,' viz. ' " Sir John Popham, Lord Chiefe Justice 
of England, Privy Councellor of Queen Elizabeth and King James, aged 76, 
died 10 of June 1607 ": at Wellington in Somerset, this cost me a shilling.' 
Wood notes that the words are ' on his monument : which is all written thereon, 
and therefore print it.' 

Samuel Pordage (1633-1691 ?). 

*** Samuel Pordage I knew very well. He was head- 
steward of the lands to the right honourable Philip, earl 
of Pembroke. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 90. ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 10. 

*** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 9 V . 

Francis Potter 161 

His father was called Dr. Pordage, a physitian and astro- 
loger ; I know not whether he was rector. His picture was 
graved three or four yeares since, I thinke 'tis before a book. 

The son (Samuel), a civil courteous person, and a hand- 
some man ; gave me (1660) his translation of Seneca's Troas 
in English ; and I think he hath printed something since. 

Francis Potter (1594-1678). 

* Mr. Francis Potter's father a was one of the benefactors 
to the organ at the cathedrall church at Worcester, and 
there amongst others is this coate { . . . , a chevron between 
3 flower-vases . . .' [Potter], 

** Francis Potter, B.D., borne at Mere, a little market- 
towne in Wilts, ' upon Trinity-Sunday-eve 1594, in the 
evening.' 'Anno Domini 1625, December io th , hora decima, 
inventum est mysterium Bestiae ' as he went up the staire 
to his chamber (which was at his brother's, scil. the great 
roome that nowe is added to the President's lodgeing). 

*** ' A.D. 1625, December io th , hora decima inventum 
est Mysterium Bestise' these words I found wrote in 
his Greeke Testament. He told me the notion came into 
his mind as he was goeing up staires into his chamber at 
Trin. Coll. which was the senior fellowe's chamber then 
(he lay with his brother, Dr. Hannibal Potter) : this 
chamber is now united to the President's lodgeings. 

**** F ranc i s Potter, B.D. : Anthony Ettrick adviseth 
me to write 

' To the worthy successor of Mr. Potter at Kilmington,' 
and it will oblige the said rector to speed an answer, and 
also an account of the picture of Sir Thomas Pope No 
answer ! Quaere my brother Tom who is successor ; and 
quaere and vide register and place of buriall. 

***** Mr. Francis Potter, B.D., was borne at the 
[vicaridge b ] house at Mere in the county of Wiltes, 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 60. **** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 8*. 

a Richard Potter, Scholar of Trin. ***** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 60. 

Coll. Oxon., B.D. 1587, prebendary b The words in square brackets are 
of Worcester 1598-1628. added by another hand, possibly 

** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 5. Potter's own. 

*** MS. Aubr. 6 fol. 63. 
II. M 

1 62 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

anno Domini [1594, upon Trinity Sunday eve, in the 

His father was minister there, and also of Kilmanton 
in com. Somerset about 3 miles distant, and was also 
a prebendary of the Cathedrall Church of Worcester. 

He had three sonnes, Hannibal, Francis, and 

His wife's name was Horsey, of the worshipfull and 
ancient family of the Horseys of Clifton in com. Dorset. 

He was taught his grammar learnings by Mr. (Henry) 
Bright (the famous school master of those times) of the 
schoole at Worcester. 

Anno setatis (15) (vide A. Wood's Antiq. Oxon.) he 
went to Trinity Colledge in Oxon, where his father (who 
was an Oxfordshire man borne) had been a fellowe. His 
brother Hannibal was his tutor. Here he was a commoner 
twenty-seaven yeares, and was senior to all the house but 
Dr. Kettle and his brother. 

His genius lay most of all to the mechanicks ; he had 
an admirable mechanicall invention, but in that darke time 
wanted encouragement, and when his father dyed (which 
was about 1637) he succeeded him in the parsonage of 
Kilmanton, worth, per annum, about 140 //. He was from 
a boy given to draweing and painting. The founder's 
(Sir Thomas Pope's) picture in Trinity Colledge hall is of 
his copying. He had excellent notions for the raysing of 
water ; I have heard him say, that he could rayse the 

water at Worcester with lesse trouble, i. e. fewer , 

then there are ; and that he had never seen a water-house 
engine, but that he could invent a a better. Kilmanton is 
on a high hill, and the parsonage-well is extraordinary 
deepe. There is the most ingeniose and usefull buckett- 
well, that ever I sawe. Now, whereas some deepe wells have 
wheeles for men or doggs to go within them, here is 

a wheele of foot diameter, with steps (like stayres) 

to walke on as if you were goeing up staires, and an 
ordinary bodye's b weight drawes-up a great bucket, which 

a Dupl. with 'find-out.' b Dup 1 . with ' person's.' 

Francis Potter 163 

holdes a barrell, and the two bucketts are contrived so 
that their ropes alwaies are perpendicular and consequently 
parallell, and so never interfere with one another. Now, 
this vast buckett would be to combersome to overturne 
to power out the water ; and therefore he contrived a board 
with lifts about the sides, like a trough, to slide under the 
bucket, when 'tis drawne up ; and at the bottom of the 
buckett is a plug, the weight of the water jogging upon 
the sliding trough, the water powres out into the trough, 
and from thence runnes into your paile, or other vessell. 
"Pis extremely well worth the seeing. I have* taken hereto- 
fore a draught of it. I have heard him say that he would 
have undertaken to have brought up the water from the 
springs at the bottom of the hill to the towne of Shaftes- 
bury, which is on a waterles hill. 

Anno Domini 16(25} (see a part ii) goeing into his 
chamber, the notion of 25, the roote of 666, for the roote 
of the number of the Beast in the Revelation, came into his 
head ; so he opposed 25 to 12, the roote of 144. 

When he tooke his degree of Batchelaur in Divinity, 
his question was, An Papa sit Anti-Christus ? Aff. 
In his younger yeares he was very apt to fall into a swoune, 
and so he did when he was disputing in the Divinity- 
schoole upon that question. I remember he told me that 
one time reading Aristotle de Natura Animalium, where 
he describes how that the lionesses, when great with 
young, and neer their time of parturition, doe goe between 
two trees that growe neer together, and squeeze out 
their young ones out of their bellies ; he had such 
a strong idea of this, and of the paine that the lionesse was 
in, that he fell into a swoune. 

He was of a very tender constitution, and sickly most 

of his younger yeares. His manner was, when he was 

beginning to be sick, to breath strongly a good while 

together, which he sayed did emitt the noxious vapours. 

He was alwayes much contemplative, and had an 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 6o v . a i.e. MS. Aubr. 7 ; see p. 161. 

M 2 

164 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

excellent philosophicall head. He was no great read man ; 
he had a competent knowledge in the Latin, Greeke, and 
Hebrue tongues, but not a critique. Greeke he learn'd by 
.... Montanus's Interlineary Testament a , after he was 
a man, without a grammar, and then he read Homer. He 
understood only common Arithmetique, and never went 
farther in Geometric then the first six bookes of Euclid ; 
but he had such an inventive head, that with this foundation 
he was able to doe great matters in the mechaniques, and 
to solve phaenomena in naturall philosophy. He had but 
few bookes, which when he dyed were sold for fifty-six 
shillings, and surely no great bargaine. He published b 
nothing but his Interpretation of the number 666, in 4to, 
printed at Oxford, 1642, which haz been twice translated 
into Latin, into French, and other languages l . He made 
the fine dfall with its furniture, on the north wall of the 
quadrangle at Trinity Colledge, which he did by Samminiti- 
atus's booke of Dialling (it haz been gonne about 1670, and 
another is there putt). He lived and dyed* a batchelour. 
He was hospitable, vertuous, and temperate; and, as 
I sayd before, very contemplative. He lookt the most 
like a monk, or one of the pastours of the old time, that 
I ever sawe one. He was pretty long visagd and pale 
cleare skin, gray eie. His discourse was admirable, and 
all new and unvulgar. His house was as undeckt c as 
a monke's cell ; yet he had there so many ingeniose 
inventions that it was very delightfull. He had a pretty 
contrived garden there, where are the finest box hedges 
of his planting that ever I sawe. 
1 The garden is a good large square ; 
**\' * n ^ e m iddle is a good high 
/& mount, all fortified (as you may 
sa y) and adorned with these 
hedges, which at the interstices 
of ..... foot have a high pillar (square cutt) of box, 

a Subst. for ' Bible.' b Subst. for ' printed.' 

* Explicit MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 60*; incipit fol. 63. 

c Dupl. with ' vmf(urnished).' 

Francis Potter 165 

that shewes very stately and lovely both summer and 

On the buttery-dore in his parlour he drew his father's 
picture at length, with his booke (fore-shortned), and on 
the spectacles in his hand is the reflection of the Gothique 
south windowe. I mention this picture the rather, because 
in processe of time it may be mistaken by tradition for his 
son Francis's picture, author of the booke aforesayd. 

I never have enjoyed so much pleasure, nor ever so 
much pleased with such philosophicall and heartie enter- 
tainment as from him. His booke was in the presse at 
Oxford, and he there, when I was admitted of the College, 
but I had not the honour and happinesse to be acquainted 
with him till 1649 (Epiphanie), since which time I had 
a conjunct friendship with him to his death, and corre- 
sponded frequently with him. I have all his letters by me, 
which are very good, and I beleeve neer 20,0, and most 
of them philosophicall. 

I have many excellent good notes from him as to 
mechaniques, etc., and I never was with him but I learn 't, 
and alwayes tooke notes ; but now indeed the Royall 
Societie haz out-donne most of his things, as having a 
better apparatus, and more spare money. I have a curious 
designe of his to drawe a landskip or perspective (1656), 
but Sir Christopher Wren hath fallen on the same principle, 
and the engine is better work't. He was smyth and 
joyner enough to serve his turne, but he did not pretend 
to curiosity in each. He gave me a quadrant in copper, 
and made me another in silver, of his owne projection, 
which serves for all latitudes. He shewed me, 1649, the 
best way of making an arch was a parabola with a chaine ; 
so he tooke of his girdle from his cassock, and applyed it 
to the wall, thus : 

1 66 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

He invented and made with his owne handes a paire 
of beame a compasses, which will divide an inch into 
a hundred or a thousand parts. At one end of the beame a 
is a roundle, which is divided into 100 equall parts, with 
a sagitta to turne about it with a handle : this handle 
turnes a skrew of a very fine thread, and on the back of the 
saile or beame is a graduation. With these compasses he 
made the quadrants aforesayd. He gave me a paire of 
these compasses, which I shewed to the * Royall Societie 
at their first institution, which they well liked, and 
I presented them as a rarity to my honoured friend, Edmund 
Wyld, esqre. There are but b two of them in the world. 

8^" Memorandum that at the Epiphanie, 1649, when 

I was at his house, he then told me his notion of curing 

diseases, etc. by transfusion of bloud t out of 

t Memorandum: 

- Mr - Meredith O ne man into another, and that the hint came 

Lloyd tells me 

* nto ^ s nea d reflecting on Ovid's story of Medea 

r f a bfo f Sd i0 which and J ason > anc * that this was a matter of ten 
Mr a p StS y ear es before that time. About a yeare after, 
hfsTfe Sawein he and * went to tr y e the experiment, but 
'twas on a hen, and the creature to little and 
our tooles not good : I then sent him a surgeon's lancet. 
Anno .... I recieved a letter from him concerning this 
subject, which many yeares since I shewed, and was read 
and entred in the bookes of the Royall Societie, for 
Dr. Lower would have arrogated the invention to him- 
selfe, and now one [R. c Griffith,] Dr. of Physique, of 
Richmond, is publishing a booke of the transfusion of 
bloud, and desires to insert Mr. Potter's letter: which I 
here annex in perpetuam rei memoriam. 

** ' Worthy Sir, 

' I am sorrie that I can as yet give you no better 
account of that experiment of which you desire to heare. 

a ' beame ' written over ' saile ' as Anthony Wood supplies the name. 

a correction. ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 61. The 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 63*. letter is Potter's autograph. On this 

b Subst. for ' but his '. page is written by another hand (not 

Francis Potter 167 

I am as yet frustrated in ipso limine (but it is by my owne 
unexpertnes, who never attempted any such thing upon 
any creature before) ; for I cannot, although I have tried 
divers times, strike the veine so as to make him bleed in 
any considerable quantity. 

' I have prepared a little cleare transparent vessel (like 
unto a bladder), made of the a craw of a pullet ; and I have 
fastened an ivory pipe to one of the neckes of it, and 
I have put it into a veine which is most conspicuous about 
the lowest joint of the hinder legges ; and yet I cannot 
procure above 2 or 3 drops of blood to come into the pipe 
or the bladder. 

' I would have sent this bladder 
and pipe in my letter unto you but 
that I feare it might be an occasion 
that my letter might not come into 
your hands. This is the rude figure 
of it which I do here set down 
because I thinke it the most con- 
venient for this purpose : 

f a the necke of the craw which goeth to the mouth. 

' b = the other necke which goeth from the craw to the 
gissar. Another pipe may be tied to this end 
and put into the veine of another living creature 
at the same time. 

' d= a little crooked ivory pipe, fastened (as a clister pipe 
is) to a bladder. 

'*?=the capacity of the craw or bladder.' 


1 1 received that oyle in a little glasse which you had 
from Mr. Decreet and a receipt in another letter, and 
I desire you not to impute it to my unthankefulnes that 
I did not thanke you for it in my last letter. I have most 

Potter's) ' Hanc designationem Dr. quaere. Consult Dr. Glisson ' : 

Harveus frivolam et impossibilem a propos of what ? 

omnino esse asseruit : sed tamen a Subst. for ' an hen's craw.' 

168 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

times such sorrow and discontents in my breast which 
make me forget my selfe and my best friends and such 
things as I most delight in. 

' If I should have occasion to write anything unto you in 
characters you may be pleased to remember this key, that 
the three first letters and every other three letters doe 
quiescere and that a comma is placed at the end of every 
word. As for example this writing : 

* Sed csessat ar, otracci elusus, subest : 

' that is, 

' caesar occisus est, 

* You need but cancell or make a line under every other 
three letters, and then you may easily and speedily read 
it, as this example : 

' Sed cszssat ar, otracci elusus, su&est. 
' Sed- caessat ar, ofe=acci eteus, swfeest. 


* I humbly present my service and best wishes unto 
you and shall still be 

( Yours, in all true affection, to be commanded 

1 Kilmanton, 

Decemb. 7, 1652.' 

(The address (on fol. 62 V ) is : 

* To the right worshipful], his 

' much honoured friend, Mr. John 

1 Aubrey, at the signe of the 

'Rainebowe, a stationer's shop 

' In Fleetstreet by Temple 

'gate, give these. 

' Post-payd. 

The letter has been sealed with numerous seals : e. g. (i) a rose ; 

(2) ' on a cross, 5 pheons ; impaling, 2 lions rampant combattant ' ; 

(3) Aesculapius, with his staff, a vase in front of him ; (4) a male 
head, in profile, with long hair and moustaches ; (5) an antique head, 
with basket-work cap having a circle of spikes round it.) 

* Anno Domini 166- he was chosen fellowe of the 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 63*. 

Francis Potter 169 

Royall Societie, and was there admitted and recieved with 
much respect. 

As he was never a strong man, so in his later times he 
had his health best, only about four or five yeares before 
his death his eie-sight was bad, and before he dyed quite 
lost. He dyed . . . and is buryed in ... of the 
chancell at Kilmanton. 

Memorandum : he played at chesse as well as most men. 
Col. Bishop, his contemporary at Trinity Coll., is accounted 
the best of England. I have heard Mr. Potter say that 
they two have played at Trin. Coll. (I thinke 2 daies 
together) and neither gott the maistery. Memorandum : 
he would say that he look't upon the play at chesse (as) 
very fitt to be learn't and practised by young men, because 
it would make them to have a foresight and be of use to 
them (by consequence) in their ordering of humane affaires. 
Quod N.B. 

He haz told me that he had oftentimes dream't that he 
was at Rome, and being in fright that he should be seised 
t Pope on anc * brought before the pope, did wake with 

(against whom fVi<= ft*ctrf* H* 
Robert Grotest, tiie tearej 

wrote) 'Twas pitty that such a delicate inventive 
witt should be staked to a private preferment 
' in an obscure corner (where he wanted ingeniose 
conversation), from whence men rarely emerge 

staffeTv h ide S to higher preferment, but contract a mosse 
on them like an old pale in an orchard for 
want of ingeniose conversation, which is a great want even 
to the deepest thinking men (as Mr. Hobbes haz often sayd 
to me). 

The last time I sawe this honoured friend of mine, 
Octob. 1674. I had not seen him in 3 yeares before, and 
his lippitude then was come even to blindnesse, which did 
much grieve me to behold. He had let his beard be 
uncutt, which was wont to be but little. I asked him why 
he did not get some kinswoman a or kinsman of his to live 

a Dupl. with ' coasin.' 

170 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

with him, and looke to him now in his great age? He 
answer' d me that he had tryed that way, and found it not 
so well ; for they did begrudge what he spent that 'twas 
too much and went from them, whereas his servants 
(strangers) were kind to him and tooke care of him. 

In the troublesome times 'twas his happinesse never to 
bee sequestred. He was once maliciously informed against 
to the Committee at Wells (a thing very common in those 
times). When he came before them, one of them (I have 
forgot his name) gave him a pint of wine, and gave him 
great prayse, and bade him goe home, and feare nothing. 

Q . * Kilmington, November 8 th , 1671. 


I recieved your letter but yesterday. I was borne 
upon Trinitie Sunday eave ; baptized May the 22, 1594, 
but what day of the moneth Trinity Sunday was that 

year a I know not. 

\j / i*_ 


I heare that bis(hop) Ironsid is lately dead, but where 
hee was borne or when he was buried I know not. 

I will see those bookes you mention if I can get them. 

I have vvritte no booke called The Key of Knowledg, 
but there is a booke called The Key of the Scripture written 
by a London divine, who is something large upon the 
Revelation, and preferreth my interpretation of 666 before 
all others. 

I shalbe very glad to see you here at Kilmington ; and 

Your humble servant 



1 Aubrey, in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 199, writing on April 7, 1673, says : ' Mr. 
Francis Potter's " 666 " was translated into Latin by an Almaigne or a'Swisse, 
whose name I have forgott, and printed, as I remember, at Basil. Dr. John 
Pell told me it is in French, and one of the Dutch languages (but which 
I have forgott).' 

* MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 118. birth must be, Sat. May 18, Whit- 

* It was May 26 ; so the date of Sunday eve. 

Hannibal Potter. Vavasor Powell 171 

Hannibal Potter (1592-1664). 

* At Oxford (and I doe believe the like at Cambridge) 
the rod was frequently used by the tutors and deanes on 
his pupills, till bachelaurs of Arts ; even gentlemen- 
commoners. One Dr. I knew (Dr. Hannibal Potter, Trin. 
Coll. Oxon) right well that whipt his scholar with his 
sword by his side when he came to take his leave of him 
to goe to the Innes of Court. 

Vavasor Powell (1618-1670). 

** Life arid death of Vavasour Powell, 1671, p. 106: 
Mr. Vavasour Powell ' was borne of honest and honourable 
parentage. His father, Mr. Richard Powell, of a very 
ancient family in Wales, living in the burough of Knocklas 
in Radnorshire, where his ancestors had lived some 100 
yeares before ; his mother of the Vavasors, a family of 
great antiquity, that came out of Yorkshire into Wales : 
and so by both allyed to most of the best families in North 
Wales. He was brought up a scholar, and taken by his 
uncle Mr. Erasmus Powell to be curate at Clun, where he 
also kept a schoole/ 

Concerning his severall imprisonments, vide pag. 126, etc. 

Mrs. Bagshawe haz heard him say that he was at Jesus 
College, Oxon ; and Mr. Oliver, a minister, did remember 
it. Vavasor Powell told Mris Bagshaw of a sermon that 
he preached when he was of Jesus College. 

Vide his Life* concerning his imprisonments etc. 'Sir 
J. A.' there is Sir John Aubrey ; and * Dr. B.' is Dr. Basset, 
LL.D. ; ' C.' is Caerdif in Glamorganshire. 

*** Vavasour Powell Mr. Edward Bagshawe, his friend 
and fellow-prisoner, edidit b scil. : 

' Israel's Salvation, or a collection of the prophecies 
which concern the calling of the Jewes and the glory that 

* MS. Aubr. 3, fol. i8 v . b i.e. completed and published V. 
** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. ii. Powell's 'collection of prophecies,' 
a See the reference, supra. at the end of the Concordance. 

*** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 91*. 

172 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

shall be in the later dayes,' by E. B. : London, printed for 
Francis Smith of the Elephant and Castle without Temple 
barre, [671. 

He wrote a very good concordance, printed (1671). 

Sir Robert Poyntz (1589-1665). 

* Sir Robert Pointz of Iron-acton in com. Gloc., knight 
of the Bath, is the same family with Clifford (as may be 
seen by the pedegree), Clifford being called de Pom till he 
was lord of Clifford Castle in com. Hereff. adjoyning to 

In Henry III they marled with a daughter and heire 
of Acton, by whom they had the manner aforesayd and 
perhaps other lands. 

(Sir Robert was of) Line. Coll. a Vide the rest in 
torn. b iii. 

** When I was sick of the smallpox at Trinity College c , 
Mr. Saul, who was an old servant of his, told me I thinke 
that he was of Lincoln (or, perhaps, that he lay there in 
the warres). 

*** Sir Robert Poynts, knight of the Bath; his seate 
was Iron Acton, in com. Gloc., which came to that family 
by match of daughter and heire, tempore Hen. III. 
Mr. Player, Mr. Anthony Ettrick's son-in-lawe, who 
bought this estate, June, 1684, haz all the old evidences, 
and can farther enforme me. 

But this family and Clifford are the very same, as may 
be seen by the pedegre of Clifford, who was de Pons till 
he gott Clifford-castle, in com. Hereff. juxta com. Brecon. 

This family have had a great estate, and were men of 
note at Court. 

Sir Robert, son of Sir John, Poyntz of whom I now write, 
and with whom I had some small acquaintance, was a loyall, 

* MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 5*. ** Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, 

* Of B. N. C., where he matricu- fol. 398 : Aug. 4, 1687. 
lated in i6o|. c In 1643. 

b i. e. MS. Aubr. 8, ut infra. *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 96'. 

William Prynne 173 

sober, and a learned person. His study, law ; chiefly towards 
the Civill Lawe. Since a the king's restauration he published 
in print, a pamphlet, about the bignesse of a good play- 
booke, entitled, The Right of Kings (or to that purpose b ; 
but to my best remembrance, that is the very title). 

As I remember he told me when I was of Trin. Coll. Oxon, 
1643, that he was of Lincoln college. He maried first, 
Gresill, one of the daughters and co-heires of ... Gibbons, 
of ... Kent, by whom he had only two daughters. 

After her decease he had a naturall sonne by Cicely 
Smyth, who had been his lady's chamber-mayd, whose 
name was John, as I remember, who maried . . . daughter 
of ... Cesar, in com. Hertf. He dyed without issue about 
4 or 5 years since (1684), or lesse. So there is an end of 
this ancient family. 

Memorandum : Newark (now the seate of Sir Gabriel 
Lowe) was built by Sir Robert's grandfather to keep his 
whores in. Sir Robert dyed at ... anno Domini 16 
and buryed .... 

William Prynne (1600-1669). 

* Memorandum Sir John B(irkenhead) and Mr. Prinne 
were allwayes antagonists in the Parliament howse. 

William Prinne 1 , esq., was borne (as his nephew George 
Clarke assures me c : quaere plus de hoc) at Aust in 
Glocestershire, where his father had an estate. I find by 
the Heralds' bookes that he is descended of an ancient 
family (vide Bibliothecam Sheldonianam 2 , no. 115). His 
father, and also he, lived at ... wyck d , a pleasant seate 
in Somerset, about 3 miles from Bathe, where his grand- 
father, . . . Sherston, his mother's father, lived, and had 
been mayer, and a very wise magistrate ; here e he learn't 
his grammar-learning. He was of Oriall College in Oxon 3 , 
where, I thinke, he tooke the degree of M.A. From hence, 

a Subst. for 'about the time of.' c Subst. for ' thinkes.' 

b 'A vindication of the mon- d Changed by Anthony Wood to 

archy . . .' Lond. 1661. * Swanswyck.' 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 85*. e At Bath. 

i74 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

anno . . . was admitted of Lincoln's-Inne. He was alwayes 
temperate and a very hard student, and he had a prodigious 

Anno (1637) he was stigmatiz'df in the pillorie, and 
t His eares were t ^ ien banished to Cornet-castle in (Guem)sey a , 
where he was very civilly treated by the gover- 
nour Carteret, a very ancient familie in that 
island. Anno 164(0) he was, with Burton and 
Bastwyck, called home by the Parliament, 
and hundreds mett him and them, out of 
London, some miles. 

He was a learned man, of immense reading, 
but is much blamed for his unfaithfull quotations. 

His manner of studie was thus : he wore a long quilt 
cap, which came, 2 or 3, at least, inches, over his eies, which 
served him as an umbrella to defend his eies from the 
light. About every 3 houres his man was to bring him 
a roll and a pott of alej to refocillate his 
professor at. 1 ., wasted spirits. So he studied and dranke, and 

m Germany did , . . . 

better ; he kept munched some bread: and this maintained 

bottles of good '< 

Rhenish wine in him till night and then he made a good 

his studie, and, & 

when his spirits supper. Now he did well not to dine, which 

wasted, dranke 

a^good rummer breakes of one s fancy, which will not presently 
be regained : and 'tis with invention as a flux 
when once it is flowing, it runnes amaine ; if it is 
checked, flowes but ,*#*>#: and the like for perspiration 
check it, and 'tis spoyled. 

Thou that with ale, or viler liquors, 
Was one of Didst inspire Wythers, Prinne, and Vicars , 

the assembly J 

andtryers. And teach, though it were in despight 
Of nature and the starres, to write, 


Hndibras : part ist. 

He was burghesse of the citie of Bath, before and since 
the king's restauration. He was also Keeper of the 
Records in the Tower of London. 

a Reclius Mount Orgeuil in Jersey. b See p. 54. 

Robert Pugh 175 

He endured severall imprisonments for the king's cause, 
and was (really) very instrumentall in his restauracion. 

. . . , upon the opening of the Parliament, viz. letting in 
the secluded members, he girt on his old long rustic sword 
(longer then ordinary). Sir William Waller marching 
behind him (as he went to the Howse), W. Prynne's long 
sword ranne between Sir William's short legges, and threw 
him downe, which caused laughter. 

He was of a strange Saturnine complexion. Sir C. W. a 
sayd once, that he had the countenance of a witch. 

He dyed at his chamber in Lin- 
colne's-Inn, anno . . . and is interred 
at ... Quaere Ant. Wood (pro) 
catalogo librorum. 

* William Prynne, esq., was buryed 
under Lincolne's Inne chapell, ut 

o o o 



O O O 

apparet ex mscriptione et mscnpta 
tabula in capella suspensa, viz. 

' Gulielmus Prynne, armiger, de Banco hujus hospitii, 
obiit 24 die Octobris, anno Domini 1669, aetatis 69.' 


1 Aubrey gives in trick the coat: 'or, a fess engrailed azure, between 
3 escallop shells gules.' 

2 i.e. no. 115 of the MSS. in the library of Ralph Sheldon of Beoly : 
afterwards bequeathed by Sheldon to the Heralds' College : Clark's Wood's 
Life and Times, iii. 98, 115. 

3 Matric. April 24, 1618; B.A. Jan. 22, 

Robert Pugh (1609-1679). 

** Captain Pugh, my acquaintance, a writer and a poet. 
Bred up in Societate Jesu ; but turn'd out because he was 
a captaine, viz. in the late warres. 

He hath a Latin poem, printed, which will be augmented ; 

a ? Christopher Wren. 14, fol. 96, a letter to Wood of date 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 7. Oct. 28, 1673, Aubrey says : ' I melt 

** MS. Ballard 14, fol. 103 : a letter on Sunday was sennight at Mr. Ash- 

from Aubrey to Anthony Wood, of moll's one Captain Pugh, a rubro- 

date July 2, 1674. In MS. Ballard literate gent.' 

176 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

and printed a booke against Dr. (George) Bates' Elenchus 
motuum nuperorum. 

He was borne of a good family in ... North Wales 
(I thinke, Caernarvonshire). 

* The native place of captain R. Pugh is spelt thus 
Penrhyn. When you saw him at Bathe, he wrot this 
discourse in 8vo, viz. 

Bathonensium et Aquisgranensium therniarum com- 
paratio, variis adjunctis illustrata : R. P. : epistola ad illus- 
trissimum virum, Rogerum, Castlemaini comitem: Londini : 
Jo. Martyn, at the Bell in St. Paul's church-yard, 1676. 

He was educated at St. Omar's. 

When his studie was searcht, his orders were there found, 
and also a lettre from the Queen-mother, whose confessor 
he had sometimes been, to the king, that, if he should fall 
into any danger of the lawe, upon sight of that lettre he 
should obtaine his majestie's pardon. 

** My honoured friend, captain Robert Pugh, dyed in 
Newgate, on January 22 (167!), Wednesday night, 12 
a clock ; and lyes buryed in Christ Church churchyard on 
the north side, a yard or two from the wall, neer about the 
middle of the length. He writt a booke, which is almost 
finished, ' Of the severall states and goverments that have 
been here since the troubles,' in the earl of Castlemaine's 

All his bookes were seised on ; amongst others his 
almanac, wherin he entred omnia Caroli II deliramenta a , 
which was carryed to the councell boord : but, as I have 
sayd, the earl of Castlemain hath gott the former-mentioned 

Francis Quarles (1592-1644). 

*** Francis Quarles, lived at Bath at the Katherine- 
wheele inne (opposite to the market-house), and wrote 
there, a yeare or two. 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, ** Ibid., fol. 316 : April 9, 1679. 
fol. 321 : April 12, 1679. a Dupl. with 'vitia.' 

*** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. i$ y . 

William Radford. Sir Walter Raleigh 177 

William Radford (1623-1673). 

* William Radford, my good friend and old acquaintance 
and fellow coll(egiate), ended his dayes at Richmond, 
where he taught schoole, 14 dayes since. I was with him 
when he first tooke his bed. 

And when I was sick of the small-pox at Trinity College 
Oxon, he was so kind as to come to me every day and 
spend severall houres, or I thinke melancholy would have 
spoyled a scurvey antiquary. He was recounting not many 
dayes before he dyed your brother Ned's voyage* and 
Mr. (Thomas) Mariett's to London on foote. 

** Mris Anne Radford, the widowe of Mr. William 
Radford, schoolmaster of Richmond, is now (1673) 33 
yeares old. Was borne the 4th of June at 4 h P.M. She 
haz a solar face (yet the sun (in her horoscope) could not 
be in ascendente\ and thrives well, and has a good sound 


William Radford (of North Weston, Oxon, aged 17) was elected Scholar 
of Trinity June 4, 1640, and afterwards Fellow; took M.A. July 4, 1646; 
and was ejected from his fellowship by the Parliamentary Visitors in June, 

Sir Walter Raleigh (1552-1618). 

*** Sir Walter Ralegh, knight: vide Howe's continua- 
tion of Stowe's Chronicle. Vide Gerard Winstanley's 
Worthies of England, where he hath 5 or 6 leaves con- 
cerning Sir Walter Ralegh. 

(Coat* of arms.) 
**** Gules, four fusils conjoined in bend argent. 

* MS. Ballard 14, fol. 96; a letter ** MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 46*. 

from Aubrey to Anthony Wood, of *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 75. 

date Oct. 28, 1673. b Given by Aubrey in colours. 

a See i. p. 280, supra. **** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 74*. 

II. N 


Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 


. . . Ralegh m, (2nd wife) Katherine Champernon m. ... Gilbert. 

Adrian Gilbert, chymist, 
sine prole. 

Sir Carewe ; 
3tius films; 
obiit 1623, 
sepultus at 

;/ relict of 
Sir John 
Thynne, of 

Throck- m Sir Walter Ralegh m. (and) 

rnorton 4tus iilius. 

Walter R., killed Carew R., m. . . . 
in America, sine of ... in 
prole; vide His- Surrey. 

by SirW. Ralegh, j 
P a - . . .R. m. Sir John 

Gilbert R. t 

r Captain George Walter Ralegh, D.D., deane 
Ralegh, sine of Wells and rector of Ched- 
prole. zoy in Somerset: a millen- 
arie (his tract of that doctrine 

of) Sir Giles 

i. Gilbert, 

i. . . . Godard. 

is lost), but he was conform- 
2. Walter, 3. Thomas, able, and chaplaine to King 
sine prole sine prole. Charles ist: vide proxunam 
pag. . 

Erneley, of Whitehall. 

{His marriages and issue.} 

* He had two wives. His first was (Elizabeth) Throck- 

morton; second, , mother of Carew Ralegh, 

second b son. 

** Sir John Elwowys maried the daughter and heir of 
Sir Walter Ralegh, who was the sonn of Carew Ralegh 
of ... in Surrey, who was the second son of Sir Walter 
Ralegh, the hero.. Quaere Sir John Ellowys pro his skull c 
pro Oxon or Royal Societie. 

*** (I d cannot yet heare where Sir Edward Shirburne 
is.) About the beginning of April I shall satisfy you about 
Carew Ralegh's daughter I doe verily believe 'twas his 
only child. 

* i. e. fol. 75 of MS. Aubr. 6. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 75. 

b For the eldest son, see infra, p. 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 7. On the 
same page is another draft of this 
note : * Quaere his skull of Sir John 
Ellowys, who maried bis sonne Carew 

Ralegh's daughter and heire.' 

c See infra, p. 189. 

*** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 9'. 

d A note intended for Anthony 
Wood, in answer to two of his 
queries : see Clark's Wood's Life and 
Times, iii. 295. 

Sir Walter Raleigh 179 

(His brother s family.) 

* Sir Carew Ralegh, of Downton in com. Wilts, was his 
t They eldest f brother, who was gentleman of the 

Tom, his grand- horse to Sir John Thynne of Longleate, and 

children) say e J J & 

that sir Carew after his death maryed his lady : by whom he 

was the J J J 

eider knight. had children as in the pedigre. 

I have heard my grandfather say that Sir Carew had 
t 'Tisasbifjas a delicate cleare voice, and played singularly 
benyed b with att " wel1 on the olpharion t (which was the instru- 
wire strings. ment j n f as hi on in those dayes), to which 
he did sing. 

His grand-children, Walter and Tom (with whom 
** I went to schoole at Blandford in Dorset 4 yeares) had 
also excellent tuneable voices, and playd their parts well 
on the violl ; ingeniose, but all proud and quarrelsome. 

(At Oxford.} 

Sir Walter Ralegh was of ... in Oxford : vide de hoc 
Anthony Wood's Antiquities. 

(A 'poor ' scholar.) 

*** In his youth for severall yeares quaere Anthony 
Wood how long a he was under streights for want of 
money. I remember that Mr. Thomas Child of Worcester- 
shire told me that Sir Walter borrowed a gowne of him 
when he was at Oxford (they were both of the same 
College), which he never restored, nor money for it. 

**** Sir Walter Ralegh was of Oriel College. Mr. 
Child's father of Worcestershire was his chamber- fellow, 
and lent him a gowne, which he could never gett, nor 
satisfaction for it. from Mr. Child. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 75. Oxford, and so in straits. 
** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 75 v . **** MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 135, 

*** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 77. a letter from Aubrey to Wood, of 

a i.e. he was an undergraduate at date Aug. 9, 1671. 

N 2, 

180 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

(Raleigh in Elizabeth's reign.} 

* He went into Ireland, where he served in the warres, 
+ Quaere+Mr. and shewed much courage and conduct, but 
justice Ban. ' f he would be perpetually differing with ... (I 
thinke, Gray) then Lord Deputy; so that at last the 
hearing was to be at (the) councell table before the 
queen, which was that he desired ; where he told his tale 
so well and with so good a grace and presence that the 
queen tooke especiall notice of him and presently preferred 
him. (So that it must be before this that he served in 
the French warres.) 

** Queen Elizabeth loved to have all the servants of 
her Court proper men, and (as beforesaid Sir W. R.'s 
gracefull presence was no meane recommendation to him). 
I thinke his first preferment at Court was Captaine of her 
Majestie's guard. There came a countrey gentleman (or 
sufficient yeoman) up to towne, who had severall sonns, 
but one an extraordinary proper handsome fellowe, whom 
he did hope to have preferred to be a yeoman of the 
guard. The father (a goodly man himselfe) comes to Sir 
Walter Raleigh a stranger to him, and told him that he 
had brought up a boy that he would desire (having many 
children) should be one of her majestie's *** guard. 
Quod Sir Walter Raleigh * Had you spake for your selfe 
I should readily have graunted your desire, for your person 
deserves it, but I putt in no boyes.' Said the father, ' Boy, 
come in.' The son a enters, about 18 or 19, but such 
a goodly proper young fellow, as Sir Walter Raleigh had 
not seen the like he was the tallest of all the guard. Sir 
Walter Raleigh sweares him immediately ; and ordered 
t Like Saul, him to carry-up the first dish at dinner, where 
headfand & the Queen beheld him with admiration J, as 

shoulders then ... . r . ., 

other men. it a. beautiful! young giant had stalked in 
with the service b . 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 75*. *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 77. 

** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 76*. Subst. for ' boy.' 

b Subst. for 'dish/ 

Sir Walter Raleigh 181 

* Vide lord Bacon's apothegms and letters. As the 
queen (Elizabeth) was playing on the virginalls, . . . made 
this observation, that 'when Jack's went up, keys went 
downe,' reflecting on Ralegh. 

{ Tobacco.) 

** He was the first that brought tobacco into England, 
and into fashion. In our part of North Wilts, e.g. 
Malmesbury hundred, it came first into fashion by Sir 
Walter Long. 

I have heard my grandfather Lyte say that one pipe 
was handed from man to man round about the table. 
They had first silver pipes ; the ordinary sort made use 
of a walnutshell and a straw. 

It was sold then for it's wayte in silver. 

t Josias Tayler. " ' 

I have heard some f of our old yeomen neigh- 
bours say that when they went to Malmesbury or Chippen- 
ham market, they culled out their biggest shillings to lay 
in the scales against the tobacco. 

Sir W. R., standing in a stand at Sir Robert Poyntz' 
parke at Acton, tooke a pipe of tobacco, which made the 
ladies quitt it till he had donne. 

Within these 35 years 'twas scandalous for a divine to 
take tobacco. 

Now, the customes of it are the greatest his majestic 

Rider's Almanac (1682, scilicet) ' Since tobacco brought 
into England by Sir Walter Raleigh, 99 yeares, the custome 
whereof is now the greatest of all others and amounts to 
yearly . . .' 

*** Mr. Michael Weekes of the Royall Societie assures 
me, out of the custome-house bookes, that the custome of 
tobacco over all England is 400,000 li. per annum. 

*#** M r Weekes, register a of the Royal Society and an 
officer of the custome-house, does assure me that the 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 77 T . **** MS. Anbr.7,fol.8; notesdated 

** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 7s v . ' London, March 12, i68|.' 

*** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 77 V . a Subst. for 'clerk.' 

182 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

customes of tobacco over all England is four hundred 
thousand pounds per annum. 

(Personal characteristics.) 

* He was a tall, handsome, and bold man : but his 
naeve was that he was damnable proud. Old Sir Robert 
Harley of Brampton-Brian Castle, who knew him, would 
say 'twas a great question who was the proudest, Sir 
Walter, or Sir Thomas Overbury, but the difference that 
was, was judged on Sir Thomas' side. 

** His beard turnd up naturally. I have heard my 
grandmother say that when she was young, they were wont 
to talke of this rebus, viz., 

The enemie to the stomack a , and the word of disgrace b , 
Is the name c of the gentleman with a bold face. 

*** Old Sir Thomas Malett, one of the justices of the 
King's Bench tempore Caroli I et II, knew Sir Walter ; and 
I have heard him say that, notwithstanding his so great 
mastership in style and his conversation with the learnedst 
and politest persons, yet he spake broad Devonshire to his 
dyeing day. His voice was small, as likewise were my 
schoolfellowes', his grandnephewes d . 

**** Sir Walter Ralegh was a great chymist ; and amongst 
some MSS. reciepts, I have seen some secrets from him. 
He studyed most in his sea- voyages, where he carried 
always a trunke of bookes along with him, and had nothing 
to divert him. 

***** Memorandum : he made an excellent cordiall, 
good in feavers, etc. ; Mr. Robert Boyle haz the recipe, and 
makes it and does great cures by it. 

****** A person so much immerst in action all along and 
in fabrication of his owne fortunes, (till his confinement in 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 75. the name. 

** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 75*. *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 77*. 

* Raw. d Supra, p. 179. 

b Lie (in the then ordinary spelling, **** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 75'. 

'lye'). ***** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 75. 

c Rawlye, a common spelling of ****** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 76. 

Sir Walter Raleigh 183 

the Tower) could have but little time to study, but what he 
could spare in the morning. He was no slug ; without 
doubt, had a wonderfull waking spirit, and great judgment 
to guide it. 

(His residences.) 

Durham-house was a noble palace ; after he came to his 
greatnes he lived there, or in some apartment of it. I well 
remember his study, which was a little turret that looked 
into and over the Thames, and had the prospect which is 
pleasant perhaps as any in the world, and which not only 
refreshes the eie-sight but cheeres the spirits, and (to speake 
my mind) I beleeve enlarges an ingeniose man's thoughts. 

Shirburne castle, parke, mannor, etc., did belong (and 
still ought to belong) to the church of Sarum. 'Twas 
aliened in ... time (quaere bishop of Sarum) to . . . ; 
then . . . ; then Sir W. R. begged (it) as a bon from 
queen Elizabeth : where he built a delicate lodge in the 
park, of brick, not big, but very convenient for the bignes, 
a place to retire from the Court in summer time, and to 
contemplate, etc. Upon his attainder, 'twas begged by the 
favorite Carr, earl of Somerset, who forfeited it (I thinke) 
about the poysoning of Sir Thomas Overbury. Then 
John, earl of Bristowe, had it given him for his good 
service in the ambassade in Spaine, and added two wings 
to Sir Walter Ralegh's lodge. In short and indeed 'tis 
a most sweet and pleasant place and site as any in the 
West, perhaps none like it. 

< His acquain tance. ) 

In his youth his companions were boysterous blades, but 
generally those that had witt ; except otherwise uppon 
designe to gett them engaged for him, e. g. Sir Charles 
Snell, of Kington Saint Michael in North Wilts, my good 
neighbour, an honest young gentleman but kept a perpetuall 
sott, he engaged him to build a ship (the Angel Gabriel) 
for the designe for Guiana, which cost him the mannor of 
Yatton-Keynell, the farme at Easton-Piers, Thornhill, and 

184 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

the church-lease of Bishops Cannings ; which ship, upon 
Sir Walter Raleigh's attainder, was forfeited. No question 
he had other such young . . . 

From Dr. John Pell : In his youthfull time, was one 
Charles Chester, that often kept company with his 
acquaintance ; he was a bold impertenent fellowe, and they 
could never be at quiet for him ; a perpetuall talker, and 
made a noyse like a drumme in a roome. So one time at 
a taverne Sir W. R. beates him and scales up his mouth 
(i. e. his upper and neather beard) with hard wax. From 
him Ben Johnson takes his Carlo Buffono (i.e. 'jester') in 
Every Man out of his Humour. 

* He was a second to the earle of Oxford in a duell. 
Was acquainted and accepted with all the hero's of our 
nation in his time. 

Sir Walter Long, of Dracot (grandfather to this old Sir 
James Long) maried a daughter of Sir John Thynne, by 
which meanes, and their consimility of disposition, there 
was a very conjunct friendship between the two brothers 
(Sir Carew and Sir Walter) and him ; and old John Long, 
who then wayted on Sir W. Long, being one time in the 
Privy-Garden with his master, saw the earle of Notting- 
ham wipe the dust from Sir Walter R.'s shoes with his 
cloake, in compliment. 

(Portraits of him.) 

In the great parlour at Downton, at Mr. Ralegh's, is 
a good piece (an originall) of Sir W. in a white sattin 
doublet, all embrodered with rich pearles, and a mighty 
rich chaine of great pearles about his neck, and the old 
servants have told me that the pearles were neer as big as 
the painted ones. 

He had a most remarkeable aspect, an exceeding* high 
forehead, long-faced, and sour eie-lidded, a kind of pigge-eie. 

N.B. At ... an obscure taverne, in Drury-lane (a 
baylifFs), is a good picture of this worthy, and also of 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 75*. * Subst. for ' a mighty high/ 

Sir Walter Raleigh 185 

others of his time ; taken upon some execution (I suppose) 

{ Miscellaneous anecdo tes . } 

* I have heard old major Cosh say that Sir W. Raleigh 
did not care to goe on the Thames in a wherry boate : he 
would rather goe round about over London bridg. 

** My old friend James Harrington, esq. [Oceana] was 
well acquainted with Sir Benjamin Ruddyer, who was an 
acquaintance of Sir Walter Ralegh's. He told Mr. J. H. 
that Sir Walter Ralegh being invited to dinner to some 
great person where his son was to goe with him, he sayd 
to his son ' Thou art expected to-day at dinner to goe along 
with me, but thou art such a quarrelsome % affronting . . . b , 
that I am ashamed to have such a beare in my company.' 
Mr. Walter humbled himselfe to his father, and promised 
he would behave himselfe mighty mannerly. So away they 
went (and Sir Benjamin, I think, with them). He sate 
next to his father and was very demure at least halfe 
dinner time. Then sayd he, ' I, this morning, not having 
the feare of God before my eies but by the instigation of 
the devill, went c . . .' Sir Walter being strangely surprized 
and putt out of his countenance at so great a table, gives 
his son a damned blow over the face. His son, as rude as 
he was, would not strike his father, but strikes over the face 
the gentleman that sate next to him and sayd ' Box about : 
'twill come to my father anon.' 'Tis now a common-used 

*** He loved d . . . one of the mayds of honor f . . 

t Quaere She proved with child and I doubt not but this 

Twas'kSJst hero tooke care of them both, as also that 

the product was more then an ordinary 

mortall e . 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 7. *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 77. 

** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 74*. d Eight lines of text are here sup- 

a Dupl. with 'engaging in quarrells.' pressed. 

b Aubrey has forgotten the exact e In MS. Aubr. 6, fol. i v , Aubrey 

word Ruddyer used. cites for approval : ' " Poets and 

c Four lines of text are here sup- bravo's have punkes to their mothers" 

pressed. from D. Long.' ' Dol. Long (now 

1 86 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

* 'Twas Sir Walter Ralegh's epigram on Robert Cecil, 
earle of Salisbury, who died in a ditch 3 or 4 miles west 
from Marleborough, returning from Bathe to London, which 
was printed in an 8vo booke about 1656 (perhaps one of 
Mr. Osborne's) : 

Here lies Robert, our shepherd whilere, 
Who once in a quarter our fleeces did sheer: 
For his oblation to Pan his manner was thus, 
He first gave a trifle, then offred up us. 

In spight of the tarbox he dyed of the shabbo. 

This I had from old Sir Thomas Malett, one of the Judges 
of the King's Bench, who knew Sir Walter Ralegh, and did 
remember these passages. 

(Raleigh in James Ps reign.) 

** I have now forgott (vide History) whether Sir Walter 
was not for the putting of Mary, queen of Scotts, to death ; 
I thinke, yea. But, besides that, at a consultation at 
Whitehall, after queen Elizabeth's death, how matters a 
were to be ordered and what ought to be donne, Sir 
Walter Raleigh declared his opinion, 'twas the wisest way 
for them to keep the government b in their owne hands, 
and sett up a commonwealth, and not be subject to a needy 
beggerly nation. It seemes there were some of this caball 
*** who kept not this so secret but that it came to king 
James's eare ; who at ... (vide Chronicle] where the 
English noblesse mett and recieved him, being told upon 
their presentment to his majesty their names, when Sir 
Walter Raleigh's name was told (' Ralegh ') said the king 
' On my soule, mon, I have heard rawly of thee.' He 
was such a person (every way) that (as King Charles I 
sayes of the lord Stratford) a prince would rather be afrayd 
of then ashamed of. He had that awfulnes and ascendency 
in his aspect over other mortalls, that the king . . . 

lady Heron)' born July 3, 1643, is ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 76. 

mentioned MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 68. See * Subst. for 'things.' 

also Dorothy, la'dy Long, supra, p. 36. b Dupl. with ' staffe.' 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 78*. *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 76*. 

Sir Walter Raleigh 187 

It was a most stately sight, the glory of that reception 
of his majesty, where the nobility and gentry were in 
exceeding rich equippage, having enjoyed a long peace 
under the most excellent of queens; and the company* 
was so exceeding numerous that their obedience b carried 
a secret dread with it. King James did not inwardly like 
it, and with an inward envy sayd that, though so and so 
(as before), he doubted not but he should have been able on 
his owne strength (should the English have kept him out) 
been able to have dealt with them, and get his right. 

t From Dr. t Sayd Sir Walter Raleigh to him, ' Would to 
whistler. * God that had been put to the tfya n; why 

doe you wish that ? ' sayd the king. ' Because/ said Sir 
Walter, ' that then you would have knowne your friends 
from your foes.' But that reason of Sir Walter was never 
forgotten nor forgiven. 

* He was praefectus ( . . . c ) of Jarsey (Caesaria). 

** Old major t Stansby of . . ., Hants, a 

\ Quaere Sir R. . ' 

Henley, if not most intimate friend and neighbour and 
coetanean of the late earle of Southampton 
(Lord Treasurer), told me from his friend, the earle, 
that as to the plott and businesse (vide Chronicle] about 
the lord Cobham, etc., he being then governor of Jersey d , 
would not fully, or etc., doe things unles e they would 
goe to his island and there advise and resolve about it ; and 
that really and indeed Sir Walter's purpose was when he 
had them there, to have betrayed them and the plott, and 
to have then delivered-up to the king and made his peace. 
As for his noble design in Guiana, vide the printed 
bookes. Vide a Latin voyage which John, lord Vaughan, 
showed me, where is mention of captaine North (brother 
to the lord North) who went with Sir Walter, where is 
a large account of these matters. Mr. Edmund Wyld 

* Dupl. with traine.' Raleigh was Governor of Jersey, 1601. 
b Dupl. with < duty ' or ' respect.' ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 76*. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 79. d Subst. for ' of Garnesey (or 
c Aubrey seems to have doubted Jersey, I have forgot).' 

what was the official title : Sir Walte e Subst. for ' till.' 

1 88 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

knew him a and sayes he was a learned and sober gentleman 
and good mathematician, but if you happened to speake 
of Guiana he would be strangely passionate and say 'twas 
' the blessedst countrey under the sun/ etc., reflecting on 
the spoyling that brave designe. 

* Vide de illo in Capt. North, pag. b 18 b. 

** When he was attached by the officer about the 
businesse which cost him his head, he was carryed in 
a whery c , I thinke only with two men. King James was 
wont to say that he was a coward to be so taken and 
conveyed, for els he might easily have made his escape 
from so slight a guard. 

(His imprisonment, death, and burial.) 

He was prisoner in the Tower . . . (quaere) yeares ; 
quaere where his lodgeings were ? 

He there (besides his compiling his History of the 
World] studyed chymistry. The earle of Northumberland 
was prisoner at the same time, who was the patrone to 
Mr. . . . Harriot and Mr. Warner, two of the best mathe- 
maticians then in the world, as also Mr. Hues ((who wrote) 
de Globis). Serjeant Hoskins (the poet) was a prisoner 
there too. 

I heard my cosen Whitney say that he saw him in the 
Tower. He had a velvet cap laced, and a rich gowne, and 
trunke hose. 

*** He was scandalizd with atheisme ; but he was a bold 
man, and would venture at discourse which was unpleasant 
to the church-men. I remember (the) first lord d Scuda- 
mour sayd ' 'twas basely sayd of Sir W. R., to talke 
of the anagramme of Dog! In his speech on the scaffold, 
I heard my cosen Whitney say (and I thinke 'tis printed) 
that he spake not one word of Christ, but of the great and 

a i.e. Capt. Roger North. *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 77 V . 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 7. <* Subst. for my lord.' John 

b i. e. fol. 32' of MS. Aubr. 8, as Scudamore, created viscount Scuda- 

printed supra, p. 95. more in the peerage of Ireland 1628, 

** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 77. obiit 1671. 
c Dnpl. with ' boate.' 

Sir Walter Raleigh 189 

incomprehensible God, with much zeale and adoration, so 

that he concluded he was an a-christ, not an atheist. 

t (recorded He tooke f SL pipe of tobacco 3. little before 

by) J. Stowe, I 

thinke. he went to the scaffold, which some formall 

persons were scandalized at, but I thinke 'twas well and 
properly donne, to settle his spirits. 

I remember I heard old father . . . Symonds (e Societate 
Jesu) say, that . . ., a father, was at his execution a , and that 
to his knowledge he dyed with a lye in his mouth : I have 
now forgott what 'twas. The time of his execution was 
contrived to be on my Lord Mayer's day (viz. the day after 
St. Simon and Jude) 1618, that the pageants and fine 
shewes might drawe away b the people from beholding the 
tragoedie of one of the gallants worthies that ever England 
bred. Buryed privately under the high alter at St. 
Margaret's church, in Westminster, on ... (vide Register) ; 
in which grave (or neer) lies James Harrington, esq., author 
of Oceana. 

Mr. Elias Ashmole told me that his son Carew Ralegh 
told him he had his father's skull ; that some yeares since, 
upon digging-up the grave, his skull and neck-bone being 
viewed, they found the bone c of his neck lapped over so, that 
he could not have been hanged. Quaere Sir John Elowys for 
the skull, who married Mr. Carew Ralegh's daughter and 

** Sir W. Raleigh Baker's Chronicle, p. 441 'A scaffold 
was erected in the Old Palace Yard, upon which, after 
14 yeares reprivement, his head was cutt off. At which 
time such abundance of bloud issued from his veines that 
shewed he had stock of nature enough left to have continued 
him many yeares in life though now above 3-score yeares 
old, if it had not been taken away by the hand of violence. 
And this was the end of the great Sir Walter Raleigh, 
great sometimes in the favour of queen Elizabeth, and 
(next to Sir Francis Drake) the great scourge and hate of 
the Spaniard ; who had many things to be commended in 

ft Subst. for ' sawe him beheaded.' c Dupl. with ' vertebra.' 

b Dupl. with ' might avocate.' ** MS Aubr. 6, fol. 78. 

190 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

his life, but none more than his constancy at his death, 
which he tooke with so undaunted a resolution that one 
might percieve he had a certain expectation of a better 
life after it, so far he was from holding those atheist i call 
opinions, an aspersion whereof some had cast upon him.' 

* In the register of St. Margaret's, Westminster, in the 
moneth of October, Sir Walter Raleigh is entred, and is 
the last of that moneth, but no dayes of the moneth are 
sett downe, so that he being beheaded on the Lord Mayer's 
day, was buryed the . . . He was buryed as soon as you 
are removed from the top of the steps towards the altar, 
not under the altar. from Elias Ashmole, esq. 

On Sir Walter Rawleigh. 

Here lieth, hidden in this pitt, 

The wonder of the world for witt. 

It to small purpose did him serve ; 

His witt could not his life preserve. 

Hee living was belov'd of none, 
t Horat. ep. i, Yet in his death all did him moane f. 
ixtfnicms Heaven hath his soule, the world his fame, 

amabitur idem, ,, . . , . t 

The grave his corps, Stukley his shame. 

This I found among the papers of my honoured friend 
and neighbour Thomas Tyndale, esq., obiit . . . 167-, 
act. 85. This Stukely was . . . 

(His writings.) 

** At the end of the History of the World (vide last 
folio, Hist. World), he laments the death of the most noble 
and most hopefull prince Henry, *** whose great favourite 
he was, and who, had he survived his father, would quickly 
have enlarged him, with rewards of honour. So upon the 
prince's death ends his first part of his History of the World, 
with a gallant eulogie of him, and concludes a , Versa est in 
luctum cithara mea ; et cantus* meus in vocem flentium. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 79. Job xxx. 31. 

** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 77. b 'Cantus' subst. for 'vox.' The 

*** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 77*. Vulgate has 'organum meum.' 

Sir Walter Raleigh 191 

He had f an apparatus for the second part, which he, 
t From his m discontent, burn't, and sayd, ' If I am not 
m r yschoS ewes worthy of the world, the world is not worthy 


* His booke sold very slowly at first, and the bookeseller 
complayned of it, and told him that he should be a looser 
by it, which put Sir W. into a passion ; and sayd that since 
the world did not understand it, they should not have his 
second part, which he tooke and threw into the fire, and 
burnt before his face. 

Mr. Elias Ashmole saies that Degore Whear in his 
Praelectiones Hyemales gives him an admirable encomium., 
and preferres him before all other historians. 

** Verses W. R. before Spencer's F. Queen. 

*** He was somtimes a poet, not often a . Before 
Spencer's Faery Q. is a good copie of verses, which begins 
thus : 

Methinkes I see the grave wher Laura lay ; 
at the bottome W. R. : which, 36 yeares since, I was 
told were his. 

**** Scripsit. 

A dialogue between a Privy Councellor and a Justice of 

The father's advice to his son. 
Historic of the World. 
Maximes of State. 

History of William the Conqueror Thomas Gale hath it. 
Edmund Wyld, esq.,hath his b (a manuscript) {)^* 'A tryall 
$ 'Take a ^ oares an d indications of metalls and mines.' 
***** E<dmund > W<yld>, esq., hath his MSS. 
of mines and trialls of mineralls quod vide. 

Vide Mr. Coniers J, apothecary, for Sir Walter 
.$? Raleigh's examination (the originall). 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 79. **** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 79. 

** MS. Aubr. 9, fol. 7. b Subst. for his (I thinke a MS.) 

*** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 77 V . . . . of metalls and oare? 

a Subst. for 'much.' ***** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 7. 

192 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

(His friends.) 

* His intimate acquaintance and friends were : 
. . . a , earle of Oxford. 
Sir Francis Vere. 
Sir Horatio Vere. 
Sir Francis Drake. 
Nicholas Hill. 
(Thomas) Cavendish. 
Mr. Thomas Hariot. 
Sir Walter Long, of Dracot in Wilts. 
Cavaliero Surff, 

Ben: Johnson. 

When Serjeant Hoskyns was a prisoner in the Tower, 
he was Sir Walter's Aristarchus. 

(Copy of a letter by him.) 

t ithinkeisent ** A copie f of Sir W. Ralegh's letter, sent 
lo^nlhoTy 1 to Mr. Duke, in Devon, writt with his owne 
Wood - hand. 


I wrote to Mr. Prideaux to move you for the 
}& Haves is in purchase of Hayes J, a farme sometime in 
East Eiudteigh. my father's possession. I will most willingly 

He was not . 1 . . in 

buryedat give whatsoever in your conscience you shall 

Exeter by his , . . IT 

father and dccmc it worth, and if at any time you shall 

mother, nor at . . 111^1 

shirbumein have occasion to use me, you shall find me a 

Dorset ; at , t _ r . 

either of which thanketull mend to you and yours. I am 

places he desired 

his wife (in his resolved, if I cannot entreat you, to build 

letter the night 

before he dyed) at Colhton ; but for the naturall disposition 

to be interred. 

His father had I have to that place, being borne in that 

80 yeares in this 

farme of Hayes, house, I had rather seate myselfe there then 

and wrote 

esquier.' an y where els ; I take my leave, readie to 

countervaile all your courtesies to the utter of my power. 
Court, the xxvi Your very willing friend, 

of July, 1584. In all I shall be able, 


* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 77*. a Edward de Vere, ijth earl. 

** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 75. 

Sir Walter Raleigh 193 

{His last lines.) 

* Even such is tyme, which takes in trust 
Our youth, our joyes, and all we have, 
And payes us but with age and dust. 
Within the darke and silent grave, 
When we have wandered all our wayes, 
Shutts up the story of our dayes. 
But from which grave and earth and dust 
The Lord will rayse me up I trust. 

These lines Sir Walter Ralegh wrote in his Bible, the 
night before he was beheaded, and desir'd his relations with 
these words, viz. f Beg my dead body, which living is 
denyed you ; and bury it either in Sherburne or Exeter 

(His burial-place.) 

** The bishop of Sarum <Seth Ward) saieth that 
Sir Walter Raleigh lyes interred in St. Marie's church at 
Exon, not the cathedral : but knowes not if any inscription 
or monument be for him. 

*** (James Harrington) lyes buried in the chancell of 
St. Margarite's church at Westminster, the next grave to 
the illustrious Sir Walter Raleigh, under the south side 
of the altar where the priest stands. 

Sir Walter Raleigh hath neither stone nor inscription. 
Mr. Ashmole was the first told me of Sir Walter Raleigh. 
His son a was buryed since the king's restauration in his 
father's grave. 

(MS. account of his trial.) 
*#** i am promised the very originall examination of 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. a Carew Raleigh, on January i, 

223 T : Sept. 16,1673. i66f. 

** Ibid., fol. 166 : Feb. 1 2, i6;|. **** Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 

*** Ibid., fol. 308 : June 6, 1678. 354* : June 21, 1681. 
II. O 

194 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

Sir Walter Ralegh, in the Tower, by Lord Chancellor 
Bacon, George Abbot (archbishop of Canterbury), and 
Sir Edward Coke, under their owne hands, to insert in 
my booke. 

{His 'History of the World:) 

* An attorney's father (that did my businesse in 
Herefordshire, before I sold it a ) maryed Dr. (Robert) 
Burhill's widdowe. She sayd that he (Burhill) was a great 
favourite of Sir Walter Ralegh's (and, I thinke, had been 
his chaplayne) : but all or the greatest part of the drudgery 
of his booke, for criticismes, chronology, and reading of 
Greeke and Hebrew authors, was performed by him for 
Sir Walter Ralegh, whose picture my friend haz as part of 
the Doctor's goods. 

Walter Raleigh, son of Sir Walter (1593-1617). 

** Sir Walter Ralegh's eldest son. Walter, by his first 
wife, was killed in America, as you may find in the Historic 
of the World, which see. 

My cosen Whitney b was coetanean with this Walter 
Ralegh at Oxon. I have now forgot of what house he 
was of c : but I remember he told me that he was a hand- 
some lusty stout fellow, very bold, and apt to affront. 
Spake Latin very fluently ; and was a notable disputent 
and courser, and would never be out of countenance nor 
baffeled ; fight d lustily; and, one time of coursing, putt 
a turd in the box, and besmeared e it about his antagonist's 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, Raleigh, matric. at Corpus in 1607. 
fol. 2o6 v : May 14, 1673. d ' Coursing' in the Oxford Schools 

* i. e. Aubrey's estate, in that frequently ended in blows between 
county : sold circiter 1662. individuals, and fights between Col- 

** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 74 V . leges : see Clark's Wood's Life and 

b See supra i. p. 122. Times, ii. 75. 

c Walter, eldest son of Sir Walter e Subst. for ' wiped.' 

Walter Raleigh. . . Ralphson. T. Randolph 195 
Walter Raleigh, grandson of Sir Walter (16 1663). 

* Sir Walter Ralegh, m. . . . 

Carew Ralegh, m. . . . lady Ashley ; but he had a former wife : 
of ... in com. but by which wife he had the issue Mr. 

Surrey, esq. Thomas Mariet knowes not. 

Sir Walter Raleigh. 

i. . . ., m. ... Wilks. 2. ...,/. Sir John 3. . . ., m. John Knight of 

Elowys. Barwick Green 

in Warwick- 

He was knighted b by king Charles II at the same time 
when Sir Thomas Overbury was, and some wished that 
they might both have better fortunes than the other Sir 
Walter Ralegh and the other Sir Thomas Overbury. So 
you see Sir John Elowys married a daughter and co-heire 
of Sir Walter Raleigh. 

. . . Ralphson ( 168|). 

** Mr. . . . Ralphson, a nonconformist, was buried in 
London at . . ., March I4th, i68|; above a 1000 persons 
were at his funerall. 


This note is referred to by Anthony Wood in Clark's Wood's Life and 
Times, iii. pr. Wood gave Aubrey several commissions to make inquiries 
about non-conformists, as is seen in the following notes : MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 6 
' Nonconformists : vide Mr. Collins neer Grub Street and (Francis) Smyth the 
bookeseller.' MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 7 ' Vide Mr. Collins a nonconformist in an 
alley by Grub Street towards Finsberyat a sadler's; quaere de Anthony Wood's 
note of nonconformists which was sent to Thankfull Owen' : here Wood adds 
' I desire without any delay to get this paper.' 

Thomas Randolph (1605-163^). 

*** Thomas Randolph, the poet, Cambr. d : I have 
sent to A. a Wood his nativity 6 etc., which I had from 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 114. 

387: June 29, 1689. d Aubrey, in these notices, frequently 

a Philippa, widow of Sir Anthony marks the University of the man 

Ashley. whose life he is writing, in a promi- 

b On June 15, 1660. nent manner, for the benefit of Anthony 

** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 5. Wood, at whose instance they were 

In Jan. i68f : Clark's Wood's written. 

Life and Times, ii. 513. e Given on fol. U3 T of MS. Aubr. 6, 

O 2 

196 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives'' 

his brother John, an attorney (who lives at . . .), viz. 
Thomas Randolph was the eldest son of William Randolph 
by his wife Elizabeth Smyth ; he was borne at Newnham 
neer Daintre in Northamptonshire, June the fifteenth, 

At the age of nine yeares, he wrot the history of our 
Saviour's incarnation in English verse, which his brother 
John haz to shew under his owne handwriting never 
printed, kept as a rarity. 

From Mr. Needier : his haire was of a very light flaxen, 
almost white (like J. Scroope's). It was flaggy, as by his 
picture before his booke appeares. He was of a pale 
ill complexion and pock-pitten from Mr. Thomas Fludd, 
his scholefellow at Westminster, who sayes he was of 
about my stature or scarce so tall a . 

His father was steward to Sir George Goring in 
Sussex. He had been very wild in his youth ; and 
his father (i. e. grandfather to Thomas Randolph) left 
him but a groat or $d. in his will, which when he 
recieved he nailed to the post of the dore vide + A. W. 
lres b . His father was a surveyor of land, i.e. a land 

Anno Domini (1623) ne was elected to Trinity College in 

Anno ... he rencountred captain Stafford c (an ingeniose 
gent, and the chiefe of his family, and out of which the 
great duke of Bucks brancht) on the roade ... He gave 
him a pension of I thinke C li . per annum, and he was 
tutor to his son and heir. 

He was very praecocis ingenii, and had he lived but 
a little longer had been famae suae super stes. 

He writt (as before mentioned) the history of our 
Saviour's incarnation (at 9 yeers old). 

as on ' 15 Junii 1605, * ne moon past in the hands of Anthony Wood ; see 

the first quarter.' infra, p. 198. 

a Aubrey plumed himself on being c . . . Stafford, of Blatherwicke, 

fairly tall : for his height, see p. 67. Northants. 

b i. e. see more about this in a letter 

Thomas Randolph 197 

Aristippus, and the Joviall Pedler, 2 shewes, quarto, 
printed at London by . . . 

Cornelianum dolium, a comoedie in Latin, 8vo, avow^s*. 

The Jealous Lovers, a comedie : printed. 

His Poems, with The Muses Looking-glas, and Amyntas, 
printed at Oxon by Francis Bowman, 16 , in 4to ; after, 
1 6 , by him again in 8vo. 

The epitaph on William Laurence in Westminster 
cloysters b 

[Dr. Busby, schoolmaster of Westminster, was Tom 
Randolph's schoolfellow and coetanean, and sayth that 
he made these verses 'tis his vaine : 

With diligence and trust most exemplary 

Did William Laurence serve a prebendary d , 

And 6 for his paines, now past before, not lost, 

Gain'd this remembrance at his master's cost. 

O read those lines f againe : you seldome g find 

A servant faithfull and a master kind. 

Short-hand h he wrote ; his flowre in youth did fade : 

And hasty death short hand of him hath made. 

Well couth he numbers and well 1 measur'd land, 

Thus doth he now that ground wheron you stand 

Wherein he lies ; so geometricall 

Art maketh some, but thus will nature all. 

Obiit Dec. 28, 1621, 
aetatis suae 29.] 

He dyed in the twenty-eighth yeare of his age at 
Mr. (William) Stafford's, Blatherwyck, aforesayd ; was 

So Aubrey writes it. e Subst. for ' who.' 

b The passage in square brackets is f Subst. for ' words.' 

on fol. 113' of MS. Aubr. 6, being * Subst. for 'tis rare to find.' 

a note added later by Aubrey. Au- h These two lines stood at first : 

brey notes on fol. 114 'quaere Short-hand he wrote well and could 

Dr. Pell < for) the prebendary's name '; measure land 

and the same query is on fol. 7 of As now he doeth the ground whereon 

MS. Aubr. 9. you stand. 

c Subst. for ' care.' ! Subst. for ' could measure.' 

d See note b , supra. 

198 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

there buryed March 17, 1634, in the aisle of that church 
among that noble family. 

Sir Christopher, lord Hatton, erected to his memorie 
a monument of white marble quaere his epitaph ; I thinke 
A(nthony) W(ood> haz it. 

I sent to A. Wood his brother's letter to me from 
whence I had most of this, and also his epitaph which my 
lord Hatton gott Mr. H. a rector of Hadham in Essex b to 
make, but it is puerile. 

Eleanor Ratcliffe, Countess of Sussex (16 1666).; 

* Countesse of Sussex c : a great and sad example of 
the power of lust and slavery of it. She was as great 
a bea(u)tie as any in England and had a good witt. 
After her lord's death (he was jealous) she sends for ... 
(formerly) her footman, and makes him groom of the 
chamber. He had the pox and shee knew it ; a damnable 
sot. He waz not very handsom, but his body of an 
exquisit shape (kinc sagittae). His nostrills were stufft 
and borne out with corkes in which were quills to breath 
through. About 1666 this countess dyed of the pox. 

Robert Record (i5io?-i558). 

** Robert Record, M.D. his life is in lib. 2, p. 174 of d 
Historia et Antiquitates Universitatis Oxon., among the 
writers of All Soules College e . 

He was the first that wrote a good arithmetical treatise in 
English, which hath been printed a great many times, viz. his 

' Arithmetick, containing the ground of arts in which is 
taught the general parts rules and operations of the same 
in whole numbers and fractions after a more easie and 

ft Anthony Wood fills up this name, married (1634) Edward Ratcliffe, 6th 

as Peter Hausted.' earl of Sussex (who died 1643). 

b Wood notes < Hertfordshire, ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 7i T . 

quaere.' a Anthony W T ood's, 1674. 

* MS. Aubr. 21, p. ii. e Record was fellow of All Souls in 
Eleanor, widow of Sir Henry Lee, 1531. 

Robert Record 199 

exact methode then ever heretofore, first written by Robert 
Record, Dr. in Phisick/ printed . . . 

It was dedicated ' to the most mighty prince Edward the 
6th by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France 
and Ireland, etc.' In the end of which epistle : 

' how some of these statutes may be applied to use as 
well in our time as in any other time I have particularly 
declared in this book and some other I have omitted for 
just considerations till I may offer them first unto your 
majestie to weigh them as to your highness shall seem 
good. For many things in them are not to be published 
without your highness knowledge and approbation, namely 
because in them is declared all the rates of all oyles, for 
all standards from an ounce upwards, with other mysteries 
of mint-matters, and also most part of the varieties of 
coines that have been current in this realme by the space 
of 600 yeares last past, and many of them were currant in 
the time that the Romans ruled here. All which with the 
ancient description of England and Ireland, and my simple 
censure of the same, I have almost compleated to be 
exhibited to your highnesse.' 

Quaere if ever published ? 

' To the reader : It shall induce me to set forth those 
further instructions concerning geometrie and cosmography 
which I have already promised and am sure hath not 
hitherto in our English tongue been published.' 

Quaere of these. 

The Whetstone of Witt, which is the second part of 
Arithmetick, containing the extraction of rootes, the 
cossicke practice, with the rule of equation and the workes 
of surd nombers. Quarto ; dedicated ' to the right worship- 
full the governors, consulles, and the rest of the company 
of venturers into Muscovia.' Here he speakes : ' For your 
commodities I will shortly set forthe suche a book of 
navigation' quaere de hoc libro 'as I dare saie shall 
partly satisfy and contente not onely your expectation but 
also the desire of a great nomber beside. Wherein I will 
not forget specialy to touche bothe the old attempte for 

200 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

the northerly navigations and the late good adventure 
with the fortunate successe in discovering that voyage 
which no man before you durst attempt sith the time of 
king Alfred his reigne, I meane by the space of 700 yere, 
nother ever any before that time had passed that voiage 
except onely Ohthere that dwelt in Halgolande who 
reported that jorney to the noble king Alurede, as it 
doeth yet remain in auncient recorde of the old Saxon 
tongue. In that book also I will show certain meanes 
how without great difficultie you may saile to the North- 
east Indies and so to Camul Chinchital and Balor which 
be countries of great commodities ; as for Chatai lieth 
so far within the land toward the South Indian seas that 
the journey is not to be attempted untill you be better 
acquainted with those countries that you must first arrive 
at. At London the xii day of November 1557.' 

Preface : ' by occasion of trouble upon trouble I was 
hindered from accomplishing this work as I did intend.' 

In the last leafe of this booke he is frighted by the 
hasty knocking of a messenger at the dore and sayes 
' then is there no remedie but that I must neglect all 
studies and teaching for to withstand these dangers. My 
fortune is not so good to have quiet time to teache.' 

The Castle of Knowledge, printed at London, 1596, 
quarto *, and is dedicated * to the most mightie and most 
puissant princesse, Marie, by the grace of God, Queen 
of England, Spaine, both Sicilies, France, Jerusalem, and 
Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Archduchesse of Austria, 
Duchesse of Milaine, Burgundie, and Brabant, Countesse 
of Haspurge, Flanders, Tyroll, etc.' 

He was the first that ever writ of astronomic in the 
English tongue. 

In an admonition for orderly studying of the author's 
workes before this booke there is an intimation in verse 
that he wrote these five bookes, scilicet, (i) The Ground 
of Arts, (2) the Pathway to Knowledge, (3) the Gate of 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 72. 

John David Rhees. George Ripley. 201 

Knowledge, (4) the Castle of Knowledge, (5) the Treasury 
of Knowledge. 

All that I have seen of his are written in dialogues 
between the master and scholar. 

* Can you a enforme me where Dr. Record lies buried ? 
Me thinks Mr. Stow should mention him. 

John David Rhees (1534-1609). 

** Johannes David Rhesus, M.D. : he wrote a com- 
pendium of Aristotle's Metaphysiques in the British 
language, mentioned in his epistle to Sir (Edward) 
Stradling before his Welsh Grammar. 'Twas in Jesus 
College library, Oxon, and my cosen Henry Vaughan 
(Olor Iscanus) had it in his custody. Dr. Rhees averres h 
there that the British language is as copious in expressing 
congruous termes of art as the Greeke or any language 
whatsoever. I have sent to Henry Vaughan for it. 

*** I have not yet heard from my cosen Henry Vaughan 
(' Olor Iscanus ') concerning your queres c of Dr. David 
Rhese the physitian, which I wonder at. 

John Rider (1562-1632). 

#*## Memorandum Rider is a Berks family, portant 
' party per chevron argent and sable 3 crescents counter- 
chang'd.' Quaere if bishop (John) Rider, the author of the 
Dictionary, was a Berkshire man. 

George Ripley (14 1490?). 

***** George Ripley was a canon of Burlington, the 
greatest chymist of his time. Mr. Elias Ashmole has the 
draught of his monument there. 

Mr. Meredith Lloyd (an able chymist, and who informed 

* MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 8 V . b Dupl. with 'sayes.' 

& Aubrey jotted down queries in *** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 9 V . 

this way in his MS., to meet the eye c Clark's Wood's Life and Times, 

of Anthony Wood, to whom it was to iii. 252, 294, 295. 
be sent. **** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 6. 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. n. ***** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. io v . 

202 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

his majestic and Sir Robert Moray herin) hath a MS. 
in 8vo, 3 inches thick, transcribed by T. P. 1580, viz. : 
Medulla Philosophiae, in English ; item, Ripley's XII 
Gates, in English verse (more full then in Mr. Ashmole's 
TJieatruin Chymicwri) ' Geo. Ripley finivit opus, anno 
1471 ' with the astronomicall tables comprehending the 
secret of the booke. 

Item, Mr. Meredith Lloyd haz here in this collection 
another MSS. of Chymistry avovv[j.a>$. 

Item, another MS. of Birford, a monk of Ford. 

Item, The Mirror of Light a , another MS. 

Item, another of an di;oiw/uos b , on the same' subject. 

The Ordinall of Alchymy, by Norton, MS. 

Item, de Mercurio et lapide philosophorum, MS. 

In this volumne is also bound-up Ripley's Ars chymica 
quod sit licita recte exercentibus. 

Item, Mercurii Trismagisti 7 tractat. 

Item, ejusdem, Tabulae Smaragdinae. 

Studium concilii conjugii de massa Solis et Lunae, impress. 
Argentorati, 1566. 

I have not had leisure to peruse this rare treasure enough c ; 
but I remember Ripley trounces the monkes of Westminster 
for cheating the citizens of London, promising them making 
of gold. 

. . . Robartes. 

* Concerning Furzecutters. Brianston by Blandford in 
Dorset was, tempore Henr. 8, belonging to (Sir John, 
I thinke) Rocklington. He had a faire estate, and no 
child ; and there was a poor cottager whose name was 
Rogers that had a pretty wife whom this knight did visit 
and had a mind to have a child by her. As he did suppose, 
he afterwards had ; and in consideration of affection, etc., 
settled his whole estate on this young Rogers. William, 
lord marquesse Hartford (duke of Somerset), was son of 
the grand-daughter of this Rogers. 

Dupl. with ' Lyte/ c Dupl. with ' thoroughly.' 

b So Aubrey writes dvwvvpos. * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 55 V . 

. . . Robson. Henry Rolle. 203 

This present lord Roberts of Truro (now earl of Radnor) 
his grandfather (or great-grandfather) was a furze-cutter at 
... in Cornwall which I have heard old parson Wodenot 
of Linkenhorne in Cornwall say many times. 

. . . Robson. 

* Mr. (Fabian) Philips also a tells me that . . . Robson 
was the first that brought into England the art of making 
Venice glasses, but Sir Edward Zouche (a courtier and 
drolling favourite of King James) oppressed this poor man 
Robson, and forc't it from him, by these 4 verses to King 
James, which made his majestic laugh so that he was 
ready to bes his briggs. The verses are these : 

Severn, Humber, Trent, and Thames, 
And thy great Ocean and her streames 
Must putt downe Robson and his fires 
Or downe goes Zouche and his desires. 

The king granted this ingeniose manufacture to Zouch, 
being tickled as aforesayd with these rythmes ; and so poor 
Robson was oppressed and utterly undon, and came to 
that low degree of poverty that Mr. Philips told me that 
he swept the yard at Whitehall and that he himselfe sawe 
him doe it. 

Sir Robert Mansell had the glasse-worke afterwards, and 
employed Mr. James Howell (author of The Vocall Forest) 
at Venice as a factor to furnish him with materialls for 
his worke. 

Henry Rolle (1589-1656). 

** I remember, about 1646 (or 1647) that Mr. John 
Maynard (now Sir John, and serjeant), came into Middle 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 42*. Hales, though his name is not to it : 

a The note follows that about Ingle- but it is knowne to be his,' to ' Un 

bert, sttpra, p. i. abridgment de plusieurs cases . . . 

** Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 49, fol. per Henry Rolle/ London, 1668, 

42 v . On fol. 41 Aubrey gives long folio. 

extracts from the ' preface of Judge 

204 Aubrey's l Brief Lives' 

Temple hall, from Westminster-hall, weary with business, 
and hungry, when we had newly dined. He sate downe 
by Mr. Bennet Hoskyns (the only son of serjeant Hoskyns 
the poet), since baronet, and some others ; who having 
made an end of their commons, fell unto various discourse, 
and what was the meaning of the text (Rom. 5. 7) * For 
a just man one would dare to die ; but for a good man one 
would willingly die.' They askt Mr. Maynard what was 
the difference between a just man and a good man. He 
was beginning to eate, and cryd : c Hoh ! you have eaten 
your dinners, and now have leasure to discourse ; I have 
not.' He had eate but a bitt or two when he reply'd : 
* Tie tell you the difference presently : serjeant Rolle is 
a just man, and Matthew Hale is a good man'; and so fell 
to make an end of his dinner. And there could not be 
a better a interpretation of this text. For serjeant Rolle 
was just, but by nature penurious ; and his wife made him 
worse : Matthew Hale was not only just, but wonderfully 
charitable and open handed, and did not sound a trumpet 
neither, as the hypocrites doe. 

Laurence Rooke (1623-1662). 

* Laurence Rooke, borne at ... in Kent, was of 
(King's) Colledge in Cambridge, a good mathematician 
and a very good man, an intimate friend of Dr. Seth Ward 
(now lord bishop of Sarum). 

I heard him reade at Gresham College on the sixth 
chapter of Clavis Mathematica, an excellent lecture : quaere 
for his papers which the bishop of Sarum haz. 

He was a temperate man and of strong constitution, but 
tooke his sicknesse of which he dyed by setting up often 
for astronomicall observations. He lyes buried in the 
church of St. Bennet Finke in London, neer the Old 

His deare friend the bishop (then of Exon) gave to the 

a Dupl. with 'a clearer elucidation.' * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 6 V . 

Laurence Rooke 205 

Royall Societie a very faire pendulum clock, dedicated to 
Mr. Rooke's memory, with this inscription a : 

Societati Regali ad scientiam naturalem 
promovendam institutae 

dono dedit 

Reverendus in Christo pater, Sethus, episcopus 
Exon, ejusdem societatis sodalis 

in memoriam 
Laurentii Rook 

viri omni literarum genere instructissimi 
in Collegio Greshamensi primum Astronomiae 

deinde Geometriae professoris 

dictaeque societatis nuper sodalis, 

qui obiit Jun. 26, 1662. 

Seth (Ward), now lord bishop of Salisbury, hath all 
Mr. Rooke's papers: quod N.B. 

* M.S. 

Hie subtus sive dormit sive contemplatur 
Qui jamdudum animo metitus est 
Quicquid aut vita aut mors habet 
V.C. Laurentius Rooke e Cantio oriundus 

In Collegio Greshamensi 
Astronomiae primo, dein Geometriae professor, 

Utriusque ornamentum et spes maxima, 
Quern altissima indoles, artesque omnifariae, 
Mores pellucidi, et ad amussim probi, 
Consuetudo facilis et accommoda, 
Bonis doctisque omnibus fecere commendatissimum : 

Vir totus teres et sui plenus 
Cui virtus et pietas et summa ratio 
Desideria metusque omnes sub pedibus dabant. 
Ne se penitus saeculo subducere mortuus possit 
Qui iniquissima modestia vixerat 
Sethus Ward episcopus Exon 
Sodalis et symmystae desideratissimi 
Longas suavesque amicitias 
Hoc saxo prosecutus est. 
Obiit Junii xxvn, A.D. MDCLXII, aetat. XL. 

ft Anthony Wood notes in the on the inserted slip (fol. 7), ' "Tis this 
margin, ' This is in Mr. Edward that is in Sherburne.' 
Sherburne's edition of Manilius ' ; and * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 7. 

206 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

This inscription was never set up; made, I thinke, by 
Ralph Bathurst ; quaere Mr. Abraham Hill. 


In MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 117, attached to the notice of William Camden, are 
pp. 17-24 of Lewis du Moulin's Latin orations, 1652. On p. 18 of this, Aubrey 
writes : ' I found this fragment amongst the papers of Mr. Laurence Rooke in 
bishop Seth Ward's study after his death.' Page 19 begins : ' Oratio in laudem 
. . . Cambdeni,' July 10, 1652, beginning: ' Cum muneris ratio postulet' 

Walter Kumsey (1584-1660). 

* Judge Rumsey : vide A. Wood's Antiq. Oxon. 
Walter Rumsey, of Lanover, in com. Monmouth, esquier 

(borne there), was of (Gloucester Hall) in Oxon ; afterwards 
of the society of Graye's Inne, where he was a bencher. 

He was one of the judges in South Wales, viz. Caer- 
marthen, Pembrokeshire, and Cardigan circuit. He was 
so excellent a lawyer, that he was called The Picklock of 
the Lawe. 

He was an ingeniose man, and had a philosophicall 
head ; he was most curious for graffing, inoculating, and 
planting, and ponds. If he had any old dead plumbe-tree, 
or apple-tree, he lett them stand, and planted vines at the 
bottome, and lett them climbe up, and they would beare 
very well. 

He was one of my councell in my law-suites in Brecon- 
shire about the entaile. He had a kindnesse for me and 
invited me to his house, and told me a great many fine 
things, both naturall and antiquarian. 

He was very facetious, and a good musitian, playd on 
the organ and lute. He could compose. 

He was much troubled with flegme, and being so one 
winter at the court at Ludlowe (where he was one of the 
councesellours), sitting by the fire, spitting and spawling, 
he tooke a fine tender sprig, and tied a a ragge at the end, 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 94*. Anthony MS. O.C. 8533, now in Wood MS. 
Wood has a note in pencil: 'Vide E. 2. 

latter end of Catalogue 4,' i.e. Wood * Dupl. with 'putt.' 

John Rushworth 207 

and conceited he might putt it downe his throate, and 
fetch-up the flegme, and he did so. Afterwards he made 
this instrument of whale-bone. I have oftentimes seen him 
use it. I could never make it goe downe my throat, but 
for those that can 'tis a most incomparable engine. If 
troubled with the wind it cures you immediately. It 
makes you vomit without any paine, and besides, the 
vomits of apothecaries have aliquid veneni in them. He 
wrote a little 8vo booke, of this way of medicine, called 
Organon Salutis : London, printed for Daniel Pakeman, at 
the Rainebowe, in Fleet-street, 1659, scil. the second edition, 
dedicated to Henry (Pierrepont), marquess of Dorchester. 
I had a young fellow (Marc Collins), that was my servant, 
that used it incomparably, more easily than the Judge ; he 
made of them. In Wilts, among my things, are some of 
his making still. The Judge sayd he never sawe any one 
use it so dextrously in his life. It is no paine, when downe 
your throate ; he would touch the bottome of his stomach 
with it. There is praefixt a letter from the Judge to Sir 
Henry Blount, knight ; to which is annexed Sir Henry 
Blount's ingeniose answer. 

John Rushworth (1607-1690). 

* I was borne in Northumberland a , but my parents were 
both born in the county of York. The title of the books 
I writ went by the name of Historicall Collections ; except 
The earle of Stroffords triall, which I toke with my owne 
pen in characters at the time of his triall, which I have 
impartially published in folio. And I gave the first 
president of my method in writing and declaring onely 
matter of fact in order of time, without observation or 
reflection : but Dr. Nalson, a learned man, finds fault with 
me, but I leave it to posterity to judg. 

I being neere of kin to Sir Thomas Fairfax, the parla- 

* MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 383: Aubrey to Anthony Wood, 
written by Rushworth's servant from a Wood notes: 'near Berwick, 

his dictation, to be transmitted by quaere.' 

208 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

merit's general!, he made choice of me to be his secretary 
in the wars *, by which means I am beter inabled to give 
account of military affairs, both in the first wars and in 
the second which hapened in the year 1648 all which 
I am now upon perfeting the same, but the times favors 
not the comeing of it forth. 

There is an other thing which inables me the better to 
proceed with the work I am now upon, my privity to all 
debates and passages in the house of Commons : for that 
house made choice of me to be assistant at the table to 
Mr. Ellsing, dark of that parlament to the house of 
Commons, by which means I was privey to all circum- 
stances in there procedings. 

I might perticularly remonstrate more concernements 
of my owne, as being with the king Charles the first at 
the camp at Barwick, at the great councill at York, at 
Newborne a nere Newcastle upon the Scots invading of 
England, et cetera. 

Both the houses of parlament had the confidence in me 
that they sent by me ther ** addresses to the king after 
he left the parlament and went to Yorke. And it so fell 
out that I rode severall times, with that expedition betwen 
London and Yorke (being one hundred and fivetey miles) 
in 24 hours at a time. 

Sir b , pardon my boye's ignorance in writeing : 


July 21, 1687. 

Mr. d Rushworth tells me he is superannuated. He hath 
forgott to putt downe the name of the place where borne : 
as also that he was secretary to Sir Orlando Bridgeman, 
when Lord Keeper of the great scale, which was a con- 
siderable place. 

* MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 383 V . in the king's bench in Southwarke, 

Wood wrongly suggests 'New- where he hath been at least 3 or 4 

bury.' yeares.' 

** MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 384. * Added by Aubrey July 28, 1687, 

b This is Rushworth's autograph. at the end of Rushworth's state - 

c Wood notes here : ' a prisoner ment. 

Richard Sackville 209 

* Yesterday I saw Mr. Rushworth : which was a 
great mortification. He hath quite lost his memory with 
drinking brandy. Remembred nothing of you, etc. His 
landlady wiped his nose like a child. 

** John Rushworth, of Lincoln's Inne, esq., historian, 
died in the Rules Court Alley in Southwarke, at the 
widow Bayley's house, a good woman and who was very 
carefull and tendfull of him, on Monday the twelfth day 
of May 1690*; and was buried the Wednesday following 
behind the pulpit in St. George's church in Southwarke. 
He was about 83, onwards to 84. He had no son, but 3 
or 4 daughters, virtuous woemen : one is maried to Sir 
Francis Vane of ... in the north. He had forgot his 
children before he died. 

Richard Sackville, third earl of Dorset (1589-1624). 

*** Richard, earle of Dorset (eldest son b and heire to the 
Lord Treasurer) : he lived in the greatest grandeur of any 
nobleman of his time in England. He had 30 gentlemen, 
and gave to each 50 li. per annum, besides keeping his 
horse. George Villiers (after, duke of Bucks) was a 
pe(ti)tioner to have had a gentleman's place under him, 
and miss't it, and within a 12 moneth was a greater man 
himselfe ; but the duke ever after bore a grudge to the 
earl of Dorset. from the countesse of Thanet c . 

Richard Sackville, fifth earl of Dorset (1622-1677). 

**** Richard Sackville 1 , earle of Dorset a, father of this 
earle (Richard) 'twas he that translated 2 the Cid, a French 
comoedie, into English, about 1640. 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. b A slip for grandson. Robert, son 
386 V : June 29, 1689. of Thomas, first earl, succeeded in 

** Ibid., fol. 405 : July 5, 1690. 1608 and died 1609. 

The same note is found also in MS. c Margaret Sackville, daughter of 

Aubr. 21, fol. 78. this Richard, 3rd earl of Dorset, 

a In MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 5, Aubrey married John Tufton, 2nd earl of 

had noted: 'Mr. . . . Rushworth obiit Thanet. 

London 1684, quaere.' **** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 2o v . 

*** MS. Aubr. 6, fol ioo v . d Subst.for 'Cecil, earle of Exeter.' 
II. P 

210 A ubrey's 'Brief L ives ' 

Obiit anno Domini 167(7) ; sepult. with his ancestors 
at Knoll in Kent. He was a fellow of the Royall Societie. 
He maried (Frances) Cranfield, daughter of the earle 
of Middlesex, by whome he had severall sonnes and 

His eldest sonne is Richard, earl of Dorset and Middlesex, 
a most noble lord and my most kind friend. 

Obiit 16(77). 


1 This note is in MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 2O V . Aubrey gives in trick the coat : 
' quarterly (or and gules) over all a bend vair [Sackville] ; impaling, (or), 
on a pale (azure), 3 fleur de lys (of the field) [Cranfield],' surmounted by 
a coronet. The note contains some confusions, which may be cleared up. 
(a) MS. Aubr. 8 was written in 1681, ' this earl ' is therefore Charles, 6th earl 
(succeeded 1677, died 1706) ; but Aubrey twice calls him Richard. (6} The 
translation of the Cid appeared, part i in 1637, and P art in l6 4- Jt was 
executed by Joseph Rutter (tutor to Richard, 5th earl) at the command of 
Edward, 4th earl ; and therefore the attribution of the translation should be to 
Edward, 4th earl, who died 1652. 

2 In MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 102 v , Anthony Wood has written this note : ' In 
pag. a 10, 'tis said that Richard, earl of Dorset, translated into English a 
French comedy called the Cid, whereas both the parts of it were done by 
Joseph Rutter.' To which Aubrey answers : ' It was Sam Butler told me 
that my lord of Dorset translated it.' In MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 9 V , Aubrey writes : 
' Sam. Butler (Hudebras) one time at the tavern sayd that 'twas this earl of 
Dorset's father that translated the comoedie called The Cid, writt by Corneille. 
Me thinks he should not be mistaken ; but the world is mighty apt to it, 
you see.' 

Thomas Sackville, first earl of Dorset (1536-1608). 

* Epigram on the earle of Dorset, who dyed suddenly 
at the council-boord. 

Uncivil death ! that would'st not once conferre, 
Dispute, or parle with our treasurer, 
Had he been thee, or of thy fatall tribe, 
He would have spar'd thy life, and ta'ne a bribe. 
He that so often had, with gold and witt, 
Injur'd strong lawe, and almost conquer'd it, 
At length, for want of evidence to shewe, 
Was forc't himselfe to take a deadly blowe. 

a i.e. fol. ao T of MS. Aubr. 8, as now foliated. * MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 32*. 

Robert Sanderson 211 

These verses I transcribed out of the collection of my 
honoured friend and neighbour, Thomas Tyndale, esq. 

Memorandum : the tryall was with this Sir Richard 
Temple's great grandfather a . The Lord Treasurer had in 
his bosome some writings, which as he was pulling-out to 
give in evidience, sayed 'Here is that will strike you dead!' 
and as soon as he had spoken these words, fell downe starke 
dead in the place. from Sir Richard Temple. (Memo- 
randum : an extraordinary perturbation of mind will bring 
an apoplexie : I know severall instances of it.) 

'Twas this lord that gott Salisbury house cum appur- 
tenantiis, juxta St. Bride's, in exchange for a piece of land, 
neer Cricklade in Wilts, I thinke called Marston, but the 
title was not good, nor did the value answer his promise. 
from Seth, (bishop of) Sarum, who sayes that all the 
parish of St. Bride's belonged to the bishop of Sarum, 
as also all Shoe-lane. 


In an old common-place book, of date circ. 161 2, in Lincoln College library, 
is found this version of the lines : 

Immodest death ! that never wouldst confer, 

Dispute, nor parle, with our Treasurer, 

Had he bene thou, or of thy fatall tribe, 

He would have saved thy life and ta'ne a bribe. 

He that so often, both with golde and witt, 

Had injurde law, and almost conquerde it ; 

He that could strengthen causes, and was able 

To starve a sutor at the Counsell-table ; 

At length, not having evidence to show, 

Was faine, good lord, to take his death: 'twas so. 

Robert Sanderson (1587-166!). 

* Dr. Robert Sanderson 1 , lord bishop of Lincoln, would 
confesse to his intimate friends, that 'he studied and 
t (Samuel) mastered only Tully's Offices t, Tho. Aquinas's 

Harsenet, arch- J J ' ^ 

bishop of Yorke, Secunda Secundae. and Aristotle s Rhetonque, 

alwayes earned 

it in his bosome. and that all other bookes he read but cur- 
sorily': but he had forgott, by his favour, to speake of 

a Sir Thomas Temple, of Stowe, Bart. * MS. Aubr. 6, fol 88 V . 

P 2 

2i2 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Aristot. Organon, etc. (Logique bookes), els he could never 
have compiled his owne excellent Logique. from Seth 
Ward, bishop of Sarum, and (John) Pierson, bishop of 
Chester, his great friends. And bishop Ward sayd that 
he a would doe the like were he to begin the world again. 

He was a lover of musique, and was wont to play on 
his base violl, and also to sing to it. He was a lover of 
heraldry, and gave it in chardge in his articles of enquiry ; 
but the clergie-men made him such a lamentable imperfect 
returne that it signified nothing. The very Parliamentarians 
reverenced him for his learning and his vertue, so that he 
alvvayes kept his living, quod N.B. (the information in the 
Oxon. Antiq. 2 was false). 

He had no great memorie, I am certaine not a sure one ; 
when I was a fresh-man and heard him read his first 
lecture, he was out in the Lord's Prayer. He alwayes 
read his sermons and lectures. Had his memorie been 
greater his judgement had been lesse : they are like two 

In his Logique, he recommends disputation to young 
men, as the best exercise for young witts. Under his 
picture, before his booke, is 'Aetat. 76, 1662.' 


1 Aubrey gives in trick the coat, as found under one of Sanderson's engraved 
portraits : ' See of Lincoln ; impaling, paly of six argent and azure, a bend of 
the first, quartering, ermine, on a canton . . ., a cross engrailed . . .' a crescent 
for difference. 

2 i. e. Anthony Wood's Hist, et Antiq. Univ. Oxon. lib. ii. pag. 167, where 
Wood says ' his omnibus ... a Parliamento privatus est,' including, i. e., his 
rectory of Boothby-Pagnall. In the Athenae Wood modified the statement, in 
accordance with what Aubrey says here. 

George Sandys (1578-164!). 

* In Boxley register thus : ' Georgius Sandys, poetarum 
Anglorum sui saeculi facile princeps, sepultus fuit Martii 7, 
stilo Anglicano, anno Domini 1643.' 

I happened to speake with his niece, my lady Wyat, at 

Subst. for ' that bishop,' i.e. San- * Aubrey in MS Wood F. 39, fol. 

derson. 185: Aug. 22, 1672. 

William Saunderson 213 

whose howse, viz. at Boxley abbey, he dyed. She sales 
he told her a little before he dyed that he was about 63. 

He lies buried in the chancel neer the dore on the south 
side, but without any remembrance or stone which is 
pitty so sweet a swan should lye so ingloriously. 

He had something in divinity ready for the presse, which 
my lady lost in the warres the title of it shee does not 

William Saunderson (15 1676). 

* (In) Westminster abby a north aisle, the very place 
where colonel . . . Matthews his statue was erected by the 
Parliament, to whom by his will he left all his estate. 
This monument is of alablaster, a bust, but no coate 

of armes. 


Guliel. Saundersoni, equit. aurati 
Regiaeque camerae generos. ordinar., 


a natalibus, ab eruditione, ab invicta sua erga principes 
fide, a scriptis, a candore, 


Scripsit inter alia inque lucem emisit vitarum Mariae 
Scotorum reginae, Jacobi, et Caroli I historias 

* idiomate Anglicano. 

Post varias clades sub nupera perduellium tyrannide 

acceptas, post diuturnos labores domi peregreque fortiter 

exantlatos, vitae hujus umbratilis satur, plus quam 

nonagenarius, animi tamen integer, transit 

ad meliorem, 
Julii 15 anno Christianorum MDCLXXVI. 

Conjugi optime de se merito quicum L annos 

concorditer vixerat Brigitta Edvardi Tyrelli 

eq. aurat. filia, virginumque nobilium sereniss. 

Catharinae reginae ancillantium (ut vocant) Mater 


** Sir W. Saunderson : he did read and write to his 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 50. 

a ' This is printed in Westminster Monuments ' marginal note by Anthony 
Wood. ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 9. 

214 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

dying day. Sir Christopher Wren said that as he wrote 
not well so he wrote not ill. He dyed at Whitehall (I was 
then there) : went out like a spent candle died before 
Dr. (William) Holder could come to him with the sacra- 
ment. Quaere his family and coat of arms. 

Sir Henry Savile (1549-162!). 

* Sir Henry Savill J , knight, was borne in Yorkshire 
(vide A. Wood's Antiq. Oxon.) . . . He was a younger 
(or (son) of a younger) brother, not borne to a foot of 
land. He came to Merton Coll. Oxon. {1565}; made 
Warden there (1585). 

He was a learned gentleman, as most was of his time. 
He would faine have been thought (I have heard Mr. Hobbes 
say) to have been as great a scholar as Joseph Scaliger. 
But as for mathematiques, I have heard Dr. Wallis say 
that he look't on him to be as able a mathematician as 
any of his time. He was an extraordinary handsome and 
beautifull man ; no lady had a finer complexion. 

Queen Elizabeth favoured him much ; he read (I think) 
Greeke and Politiques to her. He was also preferred to 
be Provost of Eaton colledge (1596). 

He was a very severe governour, the scholars hated him 
for his austerity. He could not abide witts : when a 
young scholar was recommended to him for a good witt, 
' Out upon him, Pie have nothing to doe with him ; give me 
the 'ploding student. If I would look for witts I would goe to 
t This i was Newgate, there be the witts f ; ' and John Earles 
skfnner^Sshop' (afterwards bishop of Sarum) was the only 
of Oxon, 1646. scholar that ever he tooke as recommended for 
a witt, which was from Dr. (William) Goodwyn, (dean) 
of Christ Church. 

He was not only a severe governor, but old Mr. Yates 3 
(who was fellow in his time) would make lamentable com- 
plaints of him to his dyeing day, that he did oppresse the 
fellows grievously, and he was so great and a favourite 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 84. 

Sir Henry Savile 215 

to the Queen, that there was no dealing with him ; his 
naeve was that he was too much inflated with his learning 
and riches. 

He was very munificent, as appeares by the two lectures 
he has given of Astronomy and Geometry. Bishop Seth 
Ward, of Sarum, has told me that he first sent for 
Mr. (Edmund) Gunter, from London, (being of Oxford 
university) to have been his a Professor of Geometric : so 
he came and brought with him his sector and quadrant, 
and fell to resolving of triangles and doeing a great many 
fine things. Said the grave knight, ' Doe you call this reading 
of Geometrie ? This is shelving of tricks, man ! ' and so 
dismisst him with scorne, and sent for {Henry} Briggs, 
from Cambridge. 

I have heard Dr. Wallis say, that Sir H. Savill has 
sufficiently confuted Joseph Scaliger de Quadratura Circuli, 
in the very margent of the booke: and that sometimes 
when J. Scaliger sayes ' A B = C D ex constructione,' Sir 
H. Savill writes sometimes in the margent, ' Et dominatio 
vestra est asinus ex constructione.' 

He left only one daughter, which was * maried to 
Sir ... Sedley, of ... in Kent, mother to this present 
Sir Charles Sedley, who well resembles his grandfather 
Savill in the face, but is not so proper a man. 

Sir H. Savill dyed at, and was buried at Eaton colledge, 
in the chapell, on the south east side of the chancell, under 
a faire black marble grave-stone, with this inscription : 

He had travelled very well, and had a generall ac- 
quaintance with the learned men abroad ; by which meanes 
he obtained from beyond sea, out of their libraries, severall 
rare Greeke MSS., which he had copied by an excellent 
amanuensis for the Greeke character. 

. . . putt a trick upon him, for he gott a friend to send 
him weekely over to ... in Flanders (I thinke), the 
sheetes of the curious Chrysostome that were printed at 

n Subst. for 'been one of his Professors.' * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 84*. 

216 Aubrey's ' Brief Lives 9 

Eaton, and translated them into Latin, and printed them 
Greeke and Latin together, which quite spoyled the sale 
of Sir Henry's. 

Memorandum : he gave his collection of mathematicall 
bookes to a peculiar little library belonging to the Savillian 

Professors 4 . 


1 Aubrey gives in trick the coat : ' argent, on a bend sable, 3 owls of the field 

2 Aubrey seems to have had a special interest in this story. He notes it 
twice in MS. Aubr. 21 (fol. 2, and fol. 4): 'Sir H. Savile If you'l have 
witts, goe to Newgate.' 

3 Leonard Yates, fellow of Merton in 1593, rector of Cuxham, co. Oxon., 1608, 
died 1662, aged fire. 92. His son, John Yates, was M.A. of Trinity in 1639, 
and probably Aubrey knew him there. 

* This Collection was incorporated with the Bodleian in 1884: Macray's 
Annals of the Bodleian, p. 329. Stephen Peter Rigaud (Savilian Professor of 
Geometry 1810-1827, and of Astronomy 1827-1839) had, in his time, thoroughly 
examined it, and found many books missing. 

Sylvanus Scory (15 1617). 

* Sylvanus Scory (quaere if he was not knighted ?) was 
the son and heire of (John) Scory, bishop of Hereford. 

His father, John Skory, in the raigne of King Edward 
the Sixt, was bishop of Rochester, and translated from 
thence to Chichester, and afterwards to Hereford; 'who 
departed this life, at his house, at Whitburn, in com. 
Hereff., 26 Junii, Anno Domini 1585' this out of an 
epitaph on his wife Elizabeth, who hath an inscription 
in St. Leonard's Shoreditch church. 

He was a very handsome gentleman, and had an excellent 
witt, and his father gave him the best education, both 
at home and beyond the seas, that that age would afford, 
and loved him so dearly that he fleeced the church of 
Hereford to leave him a good estate, and he did let such 
long, and so many, leases, that, as M ris Masters (daughter 
of Herbert Westphaling, esq., eldest son and heir to bishop 
Westphaling, of Hereford) told me, they were not out 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 104'. Aubrey Athenae Cantab., i. 514, gives a very 
gives in trick the coat : ' or, on a saltire different coat to bishop Scory. 

sable 5 roses of the field.' Cooper, 

Sylvanus Scory 217 

till about these 60 yeares. To my best remembrance, 
she told me the estate left him was 1500 li. per annum, 
which he reduced to nothing (alloweing himselfe the 
libertie to enjoy all the pleasures of this world), and 
left his sonne so poor, that when he came among gentle- 
men, they would fancy a crowne or ten shillings a for him. 

I have heard Sir John Denham say (at Chalke, 1652), 
that he haz been well enformed that he was the most 
accomplished gentleman of his time. "Pis a good testimoniall 
of his worth, that Mr. Benjamin Johnson (who ever scorned 
an unworthy patrone) dedicated his ... to him. I have 
heard Sir John Denham also say that he was the greatest 
confident and intimate favorite of Monsieur of France 
(brother to the French king), who was a suitor to queen 
Elizabeth, and whom her majestic entirely loved (and as 
a signall of it one time at St. Paule's church, London, 
openly kissed him in time of divine service) and would 
have had him for her husband, but only for reasons of 
state. When her majestic dismissed him, 'twas donne with 
all passion and respecte imaginable. She gave him royall 
presents ; he was attended to Dover by the flower of the 
court ; among others, by this sparke of whom I now 
write. When Monsieur tooke his leave of him he told him 
that though 'twas so that her majestic could not marie 
him (as aforesayd), yet he knew that she so much loved 
him that she would not deny him any request, wherby he 
might honour and benefit a friend ; and accordingly writes 
his love-letter to his mistresse, the queen of England, and 
in it only begges that single bon b , to looke upon Mr. Scorie 
(the bearer) with a particular and extraordinary grace, for 
his sake ; delivered c him the letter (and as I take it, gave 
him a Jewell). As Sylvanus returned to London, through 
Canterbury, the mayer there (a shoemaker), a pragmaticall 
fellow, examined him, who and whence, etc. and what 
his business was, and if he had a passe ? ' Yes,' quod he, 
' I have a passe,' and produces Monsieur's letter, super- 

a Dupl. with ' or an angell.' b Dupl. with 'favour.' 

c Subst, for ' gave.' 

2i8 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

scribed to her majestic, which, one would have thought, 
had been enough to have shewen. The mayor presently a 
breakes open the love-letter, and reades it. I know not 
how, this action happened to take wind, and 'twas 
brought to court, and became so ridicule that Sylvanus 
Scory was so laughed at and jeer'd that he never delivered 
the letter to the queen, which had been the easiest and most 
honourable step to preferment that mortall man could 
have desired. 

John Securis. 

* I have heard my old great-uncle, Mr. Thomas Browne, 
say that when he was a school boy there was one Dr. 
Securis a noted physitian at Salisbury (who was con- 
temporary with this Dr. Mouffett b ). He writt Almanacks 
I have only seen two, which Henry Coley haz, which 
were for the yeares of our Lord I5[8i c ]. 

1580, a prognostication for the yeare of our Lord 
God MDLXXX, made and written in Salisbury by John 
Securis, Maister of Artes and Physick. London, cum 
privilegio regiae majestatis. 

1581, eodem autore, wherunto is joynd a compendium or 
brief instruction how to keepe a moderate diet. London, 
etc. Vide his preface wherin he speakes {j^* of haile- 
stones neer Salisbury as big as a child's fist of three or 
fower yeeres old. 

Dorothy Selby. 

** From Mr. Marshall d :- 

to the pious memory 


Dame Dorothy Selby 

* Dupl. with ' very fairly.' Aubrey scored this out, on finding 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 83 V . that the Almanac for 1582 so dedicated 
b This notice of Securis is written at was by Evans Lloyd, supra, p. 35. 

the foot of the leaf which has the ** Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 

notice of Thomas Muffet, supra, p. 89. 208 : May 17, 1673. 

c Here followed ' and dedicated to d The stone-cutter ; often cited by 

. . . then Lord Chancellor of England.' Aubrey for inscriptions. 

John Selden 219 

She was a Dorcas 

Whose curious needle turn'd the abused stage 
Of this lewd world into a golden age : 
Whose pen of steele, and silken inke, enroll'd 
The acts of Jona in records of gold ; 
Whose art disclos'd that plott, which had it taken, 
Rome had triumph't and Britaine's walls had shaken. 

Shee was 

In heart a Lydia, and in tongue a Hanna, 
In zeale a Ruth, in wedlock a Susanna. 
Prudently simple, providently wary, 
To the world a Martha, and to heaven a Mary. 

John Selden (1584-1654). 

* Mr. John Selden when young did copie a records for 
Sir Robert Cotton from Fabian Philips. 

** John Selden, esq., was borne (as appeares by his 
epitaph, which he himselfe made, as I well remember 
archbishop Usher, Lord Primate, who did preach his 
funerall sermon, did then mention scil. as to spe certae 
resurrectionis) at Salvinton, a hamlet belonging to West 
Terring, in the com. of Sussex. 

His father was a yeomanly man, of about fourty pounds 
per annum, and played well on the violin, in which he 
tooke delight, and at Christmas time, to please him selfe 
and his neighbours, he would play to them as they 
danced. My old lady Cotton f (wife to Sir 
Robert Cotton, grandmother to this Sir (John) 
Cotton) was one time at Sir Thomas Alford's, 
- in Sussex, at dinner, in Christmas time, and 

Sir Vv illiam 

Se1ad le 'cottn Mr. J^ n Selden (then a young student) sate 
-Mr. Fabian at fa e i ower end of the table, who was lookt 

.Philips told 

"sSde^was u P on th 611 to be f P arts extraordinary, and 
Sp g record d s some body asking who he was, 'twas replyed, 
cot?on Robert his son that is playing on the violin <in> the 
hallj. I have heard Michael Malet (judge 1 
Malet's son) say, that he had heard that Mr. John Selden's 

* MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 5. Philip Bliss has added a reference to 
a Dupl. with ' write.' ' Part iii, p. I7b,' i.e. to MS. Aubr. 8, 
** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 120. Dr. fol. 8i v . 

220 Aubrey's l Brief Lives 9 

father taught on the lute. He had a pretty good estate by 
his wife. 

He (vide A. Wood's Antiq. Oxon.} was of Hart-hall in 
Oxon, and Sir Giles Mompesson told me that he was then 
of that house 2 , and that he was a long scabby-pold boy, 
but a good student. 

Thence he came to the Inner Temple. His chamber 
was in the paper buildings which looke towards the garden, 
. . . staire-case, uppermost story, where he had a little 
gallery to walke in. 

He was quickly taken notice of for his learning, and 
was sollicitor and steward to the earl of Kent 3 , whose 
countesse {was} an ingeniose woman . . . a After the carle's 
death he married her. He had a daughter b , if not two, by 
. . . ; one was maried to a tradesman in Bristowe . . . Mris. 
Williamson, one of my lady's woemen, a lusty, bouncing 
woman, . . . robbed him on his death-bed . . . 

His great friend heretofore was Mr. . . . Hay ward, 
to whom he dedicates his Titles of Honour ; also Ben 

His treatise that Tythes were not jure divino drew 6 a 
great deale of envy upon him from the clergie. W. Laud, 
archbishop of Canterbury, made him make his recantation 
before the High Commission Court, of which you may 
have an account in Dr. Peter Heylen's Historic. After, 
he would never forgive the bishops, but did still in his 
writings levell them with the presbyterie. He was also 
severe and bitter in his speeches against ship-money, 
which speeches see. 

He was one of the Assembly of Divines, and (Bulstrode) 
Whitlock, in his memoires, sayes that he was wont to 
mock the Assembly men about their little gilt Bibles, and 
would baffle them sadly : sayd he, * I doe consider the 

* (Richard) Montague, (bishop) of Norwich, was his 

a Four lines of text are suppressed as a correction, 
in this paragraph. c Subst. for ' brought.' 

b 'daughter' written over 'child,' * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 120*. 

John Selden 


great antagonist ; vide the bookes writt against each 

He never owned the manage with the countesse of 
Kent till after her death, upon some lawe account. He 
never kept any servant peculiar, but my ladie's were all 
at his command ; he lived with her in Aedibus Carmeliticis 
(White Fryers), which was, before the conflagration, a noble 

He kept a plentifull table, and was never without learned 
company. He rose at ... clock in the morning (quaere 
Sir J. C. 4 ) and went to bed at ... 

He was temperate in eating and drinking. He had a 
slight stuffe, or silke, kind of false carpet, to cast a over 
the table where he read and his papers lay b , when a 
stranger came- in, so that he needed not to displace his 
bookes or papers. 

He wrote . . . : vide A. Wood's Antiq. Oxon. for the 
catalogue of the bookes writt by him. 

He dyed of a dropsey ; he had his funerall scutcheons 
all ready . . . moneths before he dyed. 

When he was neer death, the minister (Mr. (Richard) 
Johnson) was comeing to him to assoile him : Mr. Hobbes 
happened then to be there ; sayd he, ' What, will you 
that have wrote like a man, now dye like a woman ? ' So 
the minister was not let in. 

He dyed in Aedibus Carmeliticis (aforesayd) the last 
day of November, Anno Domini 1654; and on Thursday, 
the 1 4th day of December, was magnificently buryed in the 
Temple church. His executors were Matthew Hales 
(since Lord Chiefe Justice of the King's Bench), John 
Vaughan (since Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas), 
and Rowland Jewkes, Esq.: quaere the fourth executor 5 . 
They invited all the Parliament men, all the benchers, and 
great officers. All the judges had d mourning, as also an 
abundance of persons of quality. The Lord Primate of 
Ireland, (James) Usher, preach't his funerall sermon. 

a Dupl. with throw.' c Subst. for ' alter.' 

b Subst. for ' were.' d Subst. for < were in.' 


A ubrey's 'Brief L ives ' 

His grave was about ten foot deepe or better, walled up 
a good way with bricks, of which also the bottome was 
paved, but the sides at the bottome for about two foot 
high were of black polished marble, wherein his coffin 
(covered with black bayes) lyeth, and upon that wall 
of marble was presently lett downe a huge black marble 
stone of great thicknesse, with this inscription : 

Heic jacet corpus Johannis Seldeni, qui 
obiit 30 die Novembris, 1654. 

Over this was turned an arch of brick (for the house 
would not loose their grownd), and upon that was throwne 
the earth, etc. and on the surface lieth another faire grave- 
stone of black marble, with this inscription : 

I. SELDENVS, I. C. heic situs est. 

This coate a (' . . .,3 roses on a fess, between 3 swans' 
necks, erased, collared ' [this is the coate of Baker]) is on 
the flatt marble ; but is, indeed, the coate of his mother, 
for he had none of his owne, though he so well deserved 
it. "Pis strange (me thinke) that he would not have one. 

On the side of the wall above, is a faire b inscription 
of white marble : the epitaph he made himselfe as is 
before sayd, and Marchamond Needham, making mention 
of it in his Mercurius Politicus, sayd 'twas well he did it, 
for no man els could doe it for him. He was buried by 
Mr. (Richard) Johnson, then Master of the Temple, the 
directory way, where Mr. Johnson tooke an occasion to 
say 6 , ' a learned man sayes that when a learned man dies 
a great deale of learning dies with him : then certainly in 

this/ etc. 


heic juxta situs, 
Natus est XVI Decembris, MDLXXXIV, 


Qui viculus est Terring occidentalis 

in Sussexiae maritimis, 

Parentibus honestis, 

* Given by Aubrey in trick. b Subst for * decent.' 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 121. 

John Selden 223 

Joanne Seldeno Thomae filio, 
e quinis secundo, 
Anno MDXLI nato, 


Margareta filia et haerede unica 

Thomae Bakeri de Rushington, 

ex equestri Bakerorum in Cantio familia, 

films e cunis superstitum unicus, 

aetatis fere LXX annorum. 

Denatus est ultimo die Novembris, 

Anno Salutis Reparatae MDCLIV, 

per quam expectat heic 



He would tell his intimate friends, Sir Bennet Hoskyns, 
etc., that he had nobody to make his heire, except it 
were a milke-mayd, and that such people did not know 
what to doe with a great estate. Memorandum : bishop 
Grostest, of Lincoln, told his brother, who asked him to 
make him a grate man ; ' Brother/ said he, ' if your plough 
is broken, Tie pay the mending of it ; or if an oxe is dead, 
I'le pay for another : but a plough-man I found you, and 
a plough-man Tie leave you ' Fuller's Holy State, p. ... 

He never used any artificiall help to strengthen his 
memorie : 'twas purely naturall. 

t He haz a ^ C WSS VetV ta ^' * g UCSSe about 6 foot high ', 

snar P ovall face ; head not very big ; long nose 
inclining to one side; full popping eie (gray). 

Ben r fonLnt re He was a P oet t, and Sir J onn Suckling brings 
workes; & c . him Jn the Session of the Poets.' 

The poets met, the other day, 

And Apollo was at the meeting, they say, 

'Twas strange to see how they flocked together: 
There was Selden, and he stood next to the chaire, 
And Wenman not far off, which was very faire, 

He was one of the assembly of divines in those 
dayes (as was also his highnesse . . . Prince Elector 

224 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

Palatine 7 ), and was like a thorne in their sides; for he 
did baffle and vexe a them ; for he was able to runne 
them all downe with his Greeke and antiquities. 

Sir Robert Cotton (the great antiquary, that collected 
the library) was his great friend, whose son, Sir Thomas 
t Memoran- Cotton, was obnoxious to the Parliament, and 
p'abian Philips skulked in the countrey : Mr. Selden had the 
SeHen bad r< key and command of the library, and pre- 

given his library . . , , -n i 

to Oxford at served it, being then a Parliament man. 

the l T n ?vers?ty He intended to have given his owne library 

had disobliged . _ *> * 

<hiin>by not to the University of Oxford t. but received dis- 

lending him a 

MS. or MSS. obligation from them, for that they would not 
lend him some MSS. ; wherfore by his will he left it to 
the disposall of his executors, who gave it to the Bodlean 
library, at Oxon. 

He understood . . . languages : Latin, Greeke, 
Hebrew, Arabique, besides the learned modern. 

In his writing of ... he used his learned friend, 
Mr. Henry Jacob, of Merton College, who did transcribe 
etc. for him, and as he was writing, would many times 
putt-in things of his owne head, which Mr. Selden did let 
stand, as he does, in his preface, acknowledge. 

In his younger yeares he affected obscurity of style, 
which, after, he quite left off, and wrote perspicuously. 
'Twill be granted that he was one of the greatest critiques 
of his time. 

I remember my sadler who wrought many yeares to 
that family b told me that Mr. Selden had got more 
by his marriage then he had done by his practise. He was 
no eminent practiser at barre ; not but that he was or 
might have been able enough ; but after he had got a 
dulce ocium he chiefly addicted himselfe to his more 
ingeniose studies and records. 

I have heard some divines say (I know not if maliciously) 
that 'twas true he was a man of great reading, but gave 
not his owne sentiment. 

He was wont to say * Tie keepe myselfe warme and 

a Dupl. with ' confute.' b The earl of Kent's or Shrewsbury's. 

William Shakespear 225 

moyst as long as I live, for I shall be cold and dry when 
I am dead. 5 

* John Selden, esq., would write sometimes, when 
notions came into his head, to preserve them, under his 
barber's hands. When he dyed his barber sayd he had 
a great mind to know his will, ' For/ sayd he, ' I never 
knew a wise man make a wise will.' He bequeathed his 
estate (40,000 li. value) to four executors, viz. Lord Chiefe 
Justice Hales, Lord Chief Justice Vaughan, Rowland Jukes, 
and . . . (his flatterer) from Fabian Philips, 


1 Sir Thomas Mallet, Justice of the King's Bench 1641-45, 1660-63. 

2 John Selden matric. at Hart Hall Oct. 24, 1600, aged 15. Giles 
Mompesson matric. at Hart Hall, same day, aged 16. 

3 Henry Grey succeeded as 7th earl of Kent in 1623, died 1639. His 
widow Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of Gilbert Talbot, 7th earl of Shrewsbury, 
died Dec. 7, 1651, bequeathing her estate to Selden. 

4 It is not clear whether this is Sir J. C.' or ' Sir J. H.' (in a monogram). If 
the former, perhaps ' Sir John Cotton ' ; if the latter, as is more probable, then 
perhaps Sir John Hoskyns, son of Sir Bennet, p. 223. 

5 Anthony Wood adds the note : ' Vide Collect, ex Convoc. 1653,' i. e. Wood's 
own Collections ex reg. Convoc. Oxon. (MS. Bodl. 594) : see Clark's Wood's 
Life and Times, i. 187, 209. 

6 Reported slightly more fully by Aubrey, writing April 7, 1673, in MS. 
Wood F. 39, fol. I99 V : ' Mr. Johnson, minister of the Temple, buryed him, 
secundum usum Directory, where, amongst other things, he quoted " the sayeing 
of a learned man " (he did not name him) " that when a learned man dies, there 
dyes a great deale of learning with him," and that " if learning could have kept 
a man alive our brother had not dyed." ' 

7 Charles Louis. ' He received permission from the House of Commons to 
sit and hear on Oct. 24, (1643), but does not seem to have actually made 
his appearance till the 28th: when an address of welcome was made by the 
Prolocutor, Dr. (William) Twisse, who had been at one time chaplain to the 
princess (his mother), and a reply was made by the prince. Somewhat frag- 
mentary notes of his speech are found in the first volume of the minutes of the 
Westminster Assembly, which has never been published ' a note kindly sent 
me by Dr. A. F. Mitchell, Emeritus Professor of Ecclesiastical History in 
St. Andrews. 

William Shakespear (1564-1616). 

** Mr. William Shakespear was borne at Stratford upon 
Avon in the county of Warwick. His father was a butcher, 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 81*. 

** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 109. Aubrey draws, in the margin, a wreath of laurel. 

II. Q 

226 Aubrey's l Brief Lives' 

and I have been told heretofore by some of the neighbours, 
that when he was a boy he exercised his father's trade, but 
when he kill'd a calfe he would doe it in a high style, and make 
a speech. There was at that time another butcher's son 
in this towne that was held not at all inferior to him for 
a naturall witt, his acquaintance and coetanean, but dyed 

This William being inclined naturally to poetry and 
acting, came to London, I guesse, about 18; and was an 
actor at one of the play-houses, and did act exceedingly 
well (now B. Johnson was never a good actor, but an 
excellent instructor). 

He began early to make essayes at dramatique poetry, 
which at that time was very lowe ; and his playes tooke well. 

He was a handsome, well shap't man : very good com- 
pany, and of a very readie and pleasant smooth witt. 

The humour of ... the constable, in Midsomernighf s 
Drcame, he happened to take at Grendon in Bucks 
I thinke it was Midsomer night that he happened to lye 
there which is the roade from London to Stratford, and 
there was living that constable about 1642, when I first 
came to Oxon : Mr. Josias Howe is of that parish, and 
knew him. Ben Johnson and he did gather humours of 
men dayly where ever they came. One time as he was at the 
tavern at Stratford super Avon, one Combes, an old rich 
usurer, was to be buryed, he makes there this extemporary 

Ten in the hundred the Devill allowes, 

But Combes will have twelve, he sweares and vowes : 

If any one askes who lies in this tombe, 

' Hoh ! ' quoth the Devill, ' 'Tis my John o Combe.' 

He was wont to goe to his native countrey once a yeare. 
I thinke I have been told that he left 2 or 300 li. per 
annum there and thereabout to a sister. Vide his epitaph 
in Dugdale's Warwickshire. 

I have heard Sir William Davenant and Mr. Thomas 
Shadwell (who is counted the best comoedian we have 

Ralph Sheldon. John Sherburne 227 

now) say that he had a most prodigious witt, and did 
admire his naturall parts beyond all other dramaticall 
writers. He was wont to say (B. Johnson's Underwoods) 
that he * never blotted out a line in his life ' ; sayd Ben: 
Johnson, ' I wish he had blotted-out a thousand.' 

His comoedies will remaine witt as long as the English 
tongue is understood, for that he handles mores hominum. 
Now our present writers reflect so much upon particular 
persons and coxcombeities, that twenty yeares hence they 
will not be understood. 

Though, as Ben: Johnson sayes of him, that he had but 
little Latine and lesse Greek, he understood Latine pretty 
well, for he had been in his younger yeares a schoolmaster 
in the countrey. from Mr. . . . Beeston a . 

Ralph Sheldon (1623-1684). 

* Ralph Sheldon, of Beoley, esq., natus at Weston, 
Warwickshire, Aug. 4, 1623, about 5 of the clock in the 

Memorandum the plott brake out in Oct. 1678. His 
house was search't ; he disarmed ; and afterwards a prisoner 
at Warwick. 

Anno . . ., very like to dye of a dropsey quaere 
Sir Thomas Millington de hoc. 

Faire Madam Frances Sheldon (one of the maydes of 
honour b ) was born 24 Febr. at 8 or 9 at night. She was 

23 last Febr. (167!). 


This Ralph Sheldon was Anthony Wood's friend : see Clark's Wood's Life 
and Times, ii. 227, iii. 98. 

John Sherburne (1616-1635). 

** Sir Edward Shirbourn, knight, natus 18 Sept. A.D. 
1616, hora 10 A.M. A little past halfe an hower after was 
born his twin brother John, who died anno aetatis 19. 

ft See vol. i. p. 97. b To Catherine, queen of Charles II. 

* MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 80. ** MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 73 V . 

Q 2 

228 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Both were borne before eleaven a clock ; both excellent 
scholars ; and excellent poets. 

John, before he dyed, translated Ovid's Epistles, and 
better (I am informed, by Sir Edward, and John Davys 
of Kidwelly) then any we have in print. 

James Shirley (1594-1666). 

* James Shirley: capt. (Edward) Shirburne, and 
Mr. (Thomas) Stanley ((author of) de vitis philosopher um, 
who was his scholar), say that he was of no University : 
bred a Paule's schole scholar. 

He taught in Shoe lane : quaere. 

Thomas Shirley (1638-1678). 

** Thomas Shirley 1 , M.D., of Weston-neston in Suffolk, 
edidit 2 ' A true and perfect account of the examination 
confession tryall and condemnation, and execution of Joan 
Perry and her two sonnes for the supposed murther of 
Mr. William Harrison, being one of the most remarkable 
occurrences that hath happened in the memory of man ' : 
Lond., for Rowland Reynolds next Arundel gate opposite 
to St. Clements Church, 1676, stitch't, 4to. 

Vide in (Sir Thomas) Herbert's travells, where are 
honourable remembrances of his relations in Persia. 


1 Aubrey gives in trick the coat : ' paly of 6, or and azure, a canton ermine.' 
* Anthony Wood notes here : ' This was written by Sir Thomas Overbury 

of Bourton on the hill to Dr. Thomas Shirley.' See Clark's Wood's Life and 

Times, i. 452. 

John Sloper. 

*** Mrs. Abigail Sloper [Grove] borne at Broad Chalke 
neer Salisbury, A.D. 1648 (the widowe Chalke sayeth 
'twas on a Thursday). She was baptized May 4th, 1648. 
Goodwife Smyth (then a servant there) sayeth she beleeves 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 9. ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 91*. 

*** MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 91. 

Jane Smyth 229 

she was borne 14 of Aprill. Pride ; lechery ; ungrate- 
full to her father ; maried, . . . ; runne distracted, . . . ; 
recovered, . . . 

John Sloper, my godson^ baptized Feb. 7, 1649. 


John Sloper, father of these two, was vicar of Broad Chalk, Wilts. ; see in the 
life of John Hales. 

Jane Smyth (1649-16). 

* Mris Jane Smyth borne at ... the i5th df April 
1649, between fower and 5 a clock in the morning. She 
was told on Venus's day, i. e. Fryday a : if not so, 'twas 
on a Tuesday. It was the April after the beheading King 
Charles the first. It thundered and lightened and the 
house was on fire then. 

My almanac, 1676, says the natalis was the I4th April b 
quod N.B. : but Mrs. J. S. tells me again 'twas the 

About 7 yeares old she lived in Sussex, Redhill, 
neer which Mr. Bradshaw, schoolmaster, lived uxores 

On her trunk is : 


She came the second time to London halfe a yeare 
before the great plague in 1665. 

She was sick of a feaver A.D. 1665 ; she sayd, not in 

She was like to dye of St. Anthonie's fire about 
Michaelmas 1675. Mris Smyth fell sick dangerously of 
a pleurisie about the first weeke of October 1675. About 
the latter end of March 167^ she had a terrible chronicall 
disease c , under which she laboured a 1 2 month or + . 
The first weeke in August 1683, in extreme danger of 
death by a suppression of urine, the ureters being stopped. 

* MS. Aubr. 23, notes on foil. b April 14, 1648, was a Friday. 
32 v -36. c Lues Venerea : fol. 31. 

* April 15, 1649, was a Sunday. 


Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

* Now I conclude with an earnest request that you 
would please to enquire for a colledge lease, as you did 
for Edward Shirbourne * (whom nobody can find b ). It is 
for that obliging body, Mris Smith, that lives with 
Mr. Wyld. They cohabite, as Mary, countess of Pembroke, 
with Sir Martin Lister. I owe most of Mr. Wyld's civility 
from her goodness. And herein you will doe me the 
greatest kindness that you could imagine, for I am more 
obliged to her than to anybody. I beseech you, for God's 
sake, to mind this humble request of mine. 

Charles Snell (1639-16 ). 

** Charles Snell, armiger, natus December 30, 1639, 
between 8 and 9 P.M. He maried September 1672. 


Charles Snell lived near Fordingbridge in Hampshire. He occurs in these 
' Brief Lives ' and other Aubrey MSS. as a frequent correspondent of Aubrey's 
on matters astrological. 

John Speed (1542-1629). 

*** He is in effigie, a faire monument, not much unlike 
Mr. Camden, in the south side of the chancell of St. Giles 
Cripplegate c . P< M . charissimorum 


Johannis Speed civis Londinensis, 
mercatorum scissorum fratris, servi fidelis- 

simi regiarum majestatum Elizabethae 
Jacob! et Caroli nunc superstitis, terrarum 

nostrarum geographi accurati et fidi, 

Antiquitatis Britannicae historiogiaphi, 

Geneologiae sacrae elegantissimi delineato- 

ris, qui postquam annos 77 superaverat 

non tarn morbo confectus quam mortali- 

tatis taedio lassatus, corpore se levavit 

July 28, 1629, et jucundissimo Red- 

emptoris sui desiderio sursum elatus, 

carnem hie in custodiam deposuit, de- 

nuo cam Christus venerit recepturus 

* Aubrey to Wood in MS. Wood F. 
39, fol. 387 : June 29, 1689. 

* In Feb. i68| : Clark's Wood's 
Life and Times, iii. 251. 

b See p. 178. 

** MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 42*. 

*** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 1 7. Aubrey 

et Susannae suae suavissimae (conjugis) 

quae postquam duodecim illi filios et 

sex filias pepererat, annos quin- 

quaginta septem junctis utriusque 

solatiis cum illo vixerat, liberos gravi 

et frequenti hortamine ad Dei 

cultum sollicitaverat, pietatis et 

charitatis opere quotidiano praelux- 

erat, emori demum erudiit suo 

exemplo quae septuagenaria placide 

ia Christo obdormivit, et fidei 

suae mercedem habuit Martit 

vicesimo octavo Anno Domini 


gives the arms: 'parted per fess or 
and gules, in chief 2 " pidgeons " ; im- 
paling, azure, a chevron ermine between 
3 mullets or.' 

c Anthony Wood notes in the 
margin : ' This is printed in Stowe's 
Survey, edit. 1633, fol. . . .' 

John Speidell. Sir Henry Spelman 231 

John Speidell. 

* Mr. . . . Spiedell : he taught mathematiques in 
London, and published a booke in quarto named Spiedel's 
Geometrical Extractions (London a , j 63-), which made 
young men have a love to geometric. 

Sir Henry Spelman (1562-1641). 

** Sir Henry Spelman, knight, borne at ... (quaere 
Henry Spelman, his grandson). 

From Mr. Justice Ball h at Windsore : when he was 
about 10 or 12 he went to schoole to a curs't school- 
master, to whom he had an antipathic. His master would 
discountenance him, and was very severe to him, and to 
a dull boy he would say as very a dunce as H. Spelman. 
He was a boy of great spirit, and would not learne there. 
He was (upon his importunity) sent (to) another school- 
master, and profited very well. I have heard his grandson 
say, that the Spelmans' witts open late. 

He was much perplexed with lawe-suites and worldly 
troubles, so that he was about 40 before he could settle 
himselfe to make any great progresse in learning, which 
when he did, we find what great monuments of antiquarian 
knowledge he has left to the world. W. Laud, archbishop 
of Canterbury, had a great esteeme for him, and made him 
one of the ... of the High Commission Court ; yet (he 
being one that was extreme rigid as to the licensing of 
bookes, and against any nouvelle] hindred the printing of 
the 2d part of his Glossary, which began at M, where there 
were three M's that scandalized the Archbishop, viz. 
Magna Charta ; Magnum Consilium Regis ; and . . . 

From George Lee : he was a handsome gentleman (as 
appeares by his picture in Bibliotheca Cottoniana), strong 
and valiant, and wore allwayes his sword, till he was about 
70' or +, when, finding his legges to faulter through 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 85. ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 89. 

a Lond. 1617. b ? Sir Peter Ball, recorder of Exeter. 

232 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

feeblenes as he was walking, ' Now/ said he, ' 'tis time to 
leave off my sword/ 

When his daughter-in-lawe (Sir John's wife) returned 
home from visitting her neighbours, he would alwaies aske 
her what of antiquity she had heard or observed, and if 
she brought home no such account, he would chide her 

He lies buried in the south crosse-aisle of Westminster 
abbey, at the foot of the pillar opposite to Mr. Camden's 
monument, but without any word of inscription or monu- 
ment hitherto (1680). * I very well remember his penon 
that hung-up there, but it was either taken downe or fell 
downe when the scaffolds were putt up at the coronation 
of his majestic king Charles 1 1. 

Sir William Dugdale knew Sir Henry Spelman, and 
sayes he was as tall as his grandson, Harry Spelman. He 
haz been told that Sir Henry did not understand Latin 
perfectly till he was fourty years old. He said to Sir 
William, * We are beholding to Mr. Speed and Stowe for 
stitching up for us our English History.' It seemes they 
were both taylers quod N.B. 


Aubrey notes that he was of ' Cambr.' ; and gives in trick the coat : ' sable, 
9 plates between two flaunches argent,' and adds, ' the crest is a wyld man.' 

Edmund Spenser (1553-159!). 

** Mr. Edmund Spencer was of Pembrooke-hall in 
Cambridge ; he misst the fellowship there which bishop 
Andrewes gott. He was an acquaintance and frequenter 
of Sir Erasmus Dreyden. His mistris, Rosalind, was 
a kinswoman of Sir Erasmus' lady's. The chamber there 
at Sir Erasmus* is still called Mr. Spencer's chamber. 
Lately, at the College takeing-downe the wainscot of his 
chamber, they found an abundance of cards, with stanzas 
of the ' Faerie Queen ' written on them. from John 
Dreyden, esq., Poet Laureate. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 89*. ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 41. 

William Stafford. Robert Stafford 233 

Mr. Beeston sayes he was a little man, wore short haire, 
little band and little cuffs. 

* Edmund Spenser : Mr. Samuel Woodford (the poet, 
who paraphras'd the Psalmes) lives in Hampshire neer 
Alton, and he told me that Mr. Spenser lived sometime 
in these parts, in this delicate sweet ayre ; where he 
enjoyed his muse, and writt good part of his verses. 
I have said before that Sir Philip Sydney and Sir Walter 
Ralegh were his acquaintance. He had lived some time 
in Ireland, and wrote a a description of it, which is printed 
with Morison's History, or Description, of Ireland. 

Sir John Denham told me, that archbishop Usher, Lord 
Primate of Armagh, was acquainted with him, by this 
token : when Sir William Davenant's Gondibert came forth, 
Sir John askt the Lord Primate if he had seen it. Said 
the Primate, ' Out upon him, with his vaunting preface, he 
speakes against my old friend, Edmund Spenser.' 

In the south crosse-aisle of Westminster abbey, next the 
dore, is this inscription : 

* Heare lies (expecting the second comeing of our Saviour 

Christ Jesus) the body of Edmund Spencer, the Prince 
of Poets of his tyme ; whose divine spirit needs no 
other witnesse then the workes which he left behind 
{j^f 3 him. He was borne in London, in the yeare 1510, 
and dyed in the yeare 1596.' 

William Stafford (1593-1684). 
Robert Stafford (1588-1644). 

** William Stafford, of Thornbury in com. Gloc., esq., 
descended of the family of the duke of Buckingham, was 
a student of Christ Church, Oxon. Old Dr. Fell b was his 
tutor. About 30 yeares + since 6 he printed a pamphlet, 
viz. The reasons of the warre. I thinke he was a parlia- 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 83. Anthony a Subst. for < made.' 

Wood adds the reference ' Edmund ** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 5'. 

Spencer, vide pag. 53 b,' i. e. fol. 82 V b i. e. Samuel Fell, dean of Ch. Ch. 

of MS. Aubr. 6, in the life of Sir 1638. 
Philip Sydney. c i. e. more than thirty. 

234 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

ment man but of that party he was. He dyed about 
May last, 1684, aged . . . (at) Thornbury. 

* Dorothy, sister to William Stafford aforesayd, married 
to her first husband, (Robert) Stafford, her kinsman, who 
was of Exeter Coll., and pupill to Dr. John Prideaulx. 
He wrote a thin 4to Geographic, which I have read. 
I remember he begins thus : 

' Indignation made Juvenal a poet and me a geographer.' 

Thomas Stanley (1625-1678). 

** Thomas Stanley, esqr., son to Sir Thomas Stanley, 
born at Cumberlow . . . 

His praeceptor, Mr. William Fairfax, in his father's howse. 

Was of Pembrooke hall in Cambridge, where he took 
the degree of Master of Arts. 

Was admitted ad eimdem gradum in Oxford. 

Writ his poems about the years 1646, 1647. 

His History of Philosophy, in the years 1655, 1656. 

His Aeschylus about the same time. 

Dy'd April 12, 1678. Buried at St. Martin's in the 
Fields, in the middle isle. 

His eldest sonne is Thomas Stanley, esq., of the Middle 
Temple, jurisconsultus a . He hath left two other sonnes, 
viz. 2. George, 3. Charles. 

Thomas Stanley, the sonne, aforesayd, translated Aelian's 
Variae Historiae at 14 yeares of age. He was also of 
Pembrooke-hall in Cambridge. 

Quaere his sonne pro nativitate patris and also of what 
age he was when he went to Cambridge. 

Richard Staper (15 1608). 

*** Richard Staper, alderman of London : On the south 
wall of St. Martin Outwich church, London, is a faire 
monument with this inscription, viz. 

Here resteth the bodie of the worshipfull Richard Staper, elected 
alderman of this citty anno 1594. He was the greatest merchant in 

* MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 6. a Subst. for ' barrister.' 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 97. *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 84*. 

Thomas Stapleton. Thomas Stephens 235 

his time, the chiefest actor in the discovery of the trades of Turkey 
and East India, a man humble in prosperity, painfull and ever ready 
in affaires publique, and discreetly carefull of his private, a liberall 
howsekeeper, bountifull to the poore, an upright dealer in the world, 
and a divout aspirer after the world to come, much blessed in his 
posterity, and happy in his and their allyaunces. He dyed the last 
June anno Domini 1608. 

Intravit ut exiret. 

Besides the figures of himselfe and wife are 5 sonnes and 
4 daughters. At the top of the monument is a shippe. 


Aubrey gives in trick three coats : (i) ' argent, a cross bet ween 4 estoyles sable ' ; 
(2) the same ; impaling, . . ., a cross . . . ; (3) the coat of the clothworkers' 
company, viz., (sable) a chevron ermine between (2 hauettes)in chief {argent) 
and in base (a teazel or). 

Thomas Stapleton (1535-1598). 

* Thomas Stapleton, D.D., e Societate Jesu (vide 
Anthony Wood's Antiq. Oxon.} was born at Henford a in 
Sussex, which is about the middle of the river that runnes 
to Shoreham. 

He was formerly of New Colledge in Oxon. S3 3 " Quaere 
of attorneys of that countrey if his familie continues b in 
those parts still : and if so, if his picture is there or 
elswhere ; and quaere for it at the Convent at Lovaine 
where he died. Dr. John c Lamphire, principall of Hart 
Hall, would present it to the Schooles d . 


Thomas Stapleton, of Henfield, Sussex, adm. probationer of New College 
Jan. 18, 155!; adm. Fellow Jan. 18, 155! : resigned his fellowship in 1559. 

Thomas Stephens (1620-16 ). 

** Mr. Steevens 6 , formerly of Pembrocke College, my 
old acquaintance there ; but formerly at Blandford schole 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 88 V . Bodleian. 

& Subst. for ' Henfold; ** Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 

b Subst. for < remaines.' 273' : May 30, 1674. 

c Written ' Henry ' : but corrected e Thomas Stephens matric. at 

by Anthony Wood. Pembroke in 1637, and took a de g ree 

*i.e. the Picture Gallery at the in Arts in 1642. 


Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

in Dorset, where he was usher about a yeare and by 
whom I reap't much information : since schoolemaster of 
Buckingham ; and last, of Worcester : a very good and 
ingeniose person. 

Richard Stokes (16 -1681). 

* (Richard) Stokes, M.D. his father was fellow of 
Eaton College (quaere if not prebend of Windsor*, and if not 
schoolmaster of Eaton ? quaere Christopher Wase de hiis). 

He was bred there and at King's College. Scholar to 
Mr. W. Oughtred for Mathematiques (Algebra). He made 
himselfe mad with it, but became sober again, but I feare 
like a crackt glasse : vide my Lives b , and Surrey notes c . 
Edidit Mr. Oughtred's ' Trigonometric/ Became a Roman 
Catholique ; maried unhappily at Liege, dog and catt, etc. 
Became a sott. Dyed in Newgate, prisoner for debt, . . . 
April, 1681 (quaere Mr. EveraTd diem). 

John Stowe (1525-1605). 

** He was of the company of the Merchant Taylors, as 
by the scutcheon of that company d doeth appeare 
quaere + e of that company. 

St. Andrewes Undershaft, London, i. e. under, or by, the 
Maypole, which was anciently called a shaft. It stood 
over against the west end of the church, where now 
Mr. (Michael) Weekes's howse is. 

His monument is in effige, sitting with a little table 
before him, with a booke. He was a handsome sanguine 
old man. 'Tis well carved (of wood) and painted. 

On the north side of the chancel at the upper end l : 

Memoriae Sacrum 

Resurrectionem in Christo hie expectat Johannes Stowe, Civis 
Londinensis, qui, in antiquis monumentis eruendis accuratissima 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 18. 

a Anthony Wood notes : ' Vide 
among Windsore epitaphs.' 

b i. e. in the life of W. Oughtred, 
su#ra, p. 1 08. 

c i. e. Aubrey's Perambulation of 
Surrey (MS. Aubr. 4). 
** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 90*. 
d i. e. in his monument. 
e i.e. farther ('plus')- 

Thomas Street 237 

diligentia usus, Angliae Annales et Civitatis Londini Synopsim, bene 
de sua, bene de postera aetate meritus, luculenter scripsit. Vitaeque 
stadio pie et probe decurso, obiit aetatis anno 80 

Die 5 Aprilis 1605. 
Elizabetha conjux, ut perpetuum sui amoris testimonium, dolens . . . 

* Sir William Dugdale told me that speakeing of ... 
Stowe to Sir Henry Spelman, Sir Henry told him that he 
had * stich't us up a historic.' He was a taylor. 


1 Aubrey gives a drawing of the monument. At the top are the arms of the 
Merchant Tailors' Company, viz. ' argent, a royal tent between two parliament 
robes gules lined ermine, on a chief azure a lion passant guardant or.' Under- 
neath is ' his effigies.' On the right side, the legend Attl scribenda agere over 
the figure of his * Annales of England'; on the left, the legend Aut legenda 
scribere over the figure of his ' Survey of London.' 

Thomas Street (1624-1689). 

** Mr. Thomas Streete f, astronomer, was borne T in 
Ireland, his widowe thinkes, at Castle Lyons, 

t His astro- 

nomical tables March the 5 , I 621. 

are the best that ". 

ever were yet Anno 1 66 1 he printed that excellent piece 


of Astronomia Carolina, which he dedicated to 
king Charles II, and also presented it well bound to prince 
Rupert and the duke of Monmouth, but never had a 
farthing of any of them. 

Afterwards he published an Appendix to his Astronomia 
Carolina, 4to, which makes it perfect printed for Francis 
Cossinet at the Anchor and Mariner in Tower Street, 

Before this appendix he writes thus, scilicet : 
' I doe here think it fitting for once publiquely to propose 
unto all the world that by the farther blessing of God on my 
astronomical studies since the publication of my Astronomia 
Carolina I can discover and demonstrate the never yet 
discovered art and science of finding ^5p" the true 
longitude, and can make it universally practicable at sea 
and land with the like ease and certainty as the latitude, 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. \\ ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 88. 

2 3 8 

Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

and though the failings of severall specious pretenders to 
this discovery have almost perswaded the world to believe 
the impossibility thereof, if those that are most concerned 
herein will accept of it, either upon the same termes which 
them selves have already offered or other the like just and 
proportionable considerations, this proposall shall be (God 
willing) on my part faithfully and according to the attest 
of competent judges performed ; otherwise I intend not to 
proceed any farther with it. 


* He had the true motion of the moon by which he 
could doe it (he hath finished the tables of the moon and 
also of Mercury, which was never made perfect before) but 
two of his familiar acquaintance tell me that he did not 
committ this discovery to paper : so it is dead with him. 
He made attempts to be introduced to king Charles II and 
also to king James II, but courtiers would not doe it 
without a good gratuitie. 

He was of a rough and cholerique humour. Discoursing 
with prince Rupert, his highnesse affirmed something that 
was not according to art ; sayd Mr. Street, ' whoever 
affirmes that is a no mathematician/ So they would point 
at him afterwards at court and say ' There's the man that 
huff't prince Rupert.' 

{Scrip sit: ) 

** Memorial verses relating to the Calendar, 4to. 

Some Almanacks, for about three yeares, dedicated to 
Elias Ashmole, esquire : but was not encouraged for his 
great paines. He was one of Mr. Ashmole's clarkes in the 
Excise office, which was his chiefest lively-hood. 

The Planetary Systeme, with a description of the house, 
(Mr. Morden haz of them) this was about 1670. 

*** He hath left with his widowe ((who) lives in Warwick 
lane at the signe of the . . . ) an absolute piece of 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 8S\ 
a Dupl. with ' can be.' 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 88. 
*** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 88' 

Sir Francis Stuart 239 

Trigonometric, plain and spherical, in MS., more perfect 
than ever was yet donne, and more cleare and demon- 

He dyed in Chanon-row (vulgarly Channel-rowe) at 
Westminster, the i;th of August 1689, and is buried in 
the church yard of the new chapell there towards the 
east window of the chancel, scilicet, within twenty or 
30 foot of the wall. 

Hee made this following epitaph himself : 

' Here lies the earth of one that thought some good, 
Although too few him rightly understood : 
Above the starres his heightned mind did flye, 
His hapier spirit into Eternity.' 

His acquaintance talke of clubbing towards an inscription. 
No man living haz deserved so well of astronomic. 


1 MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 87, is a lithographed chart for inserting a scheme of 
nativity, ' sold by George Parker at the Leopard in Newgate Street.' On it 
Aubrey has put the scheme for the subject of this biography, on the calcula- 
tion ' Mr. Thomas Street natus March 5 th , 1621, at 5 h 43' 12" P.M., latitude 
51 46'.' Some notes about astrological conjunctions at various times in his 
life follow ; and the note ' maried at 55*. 232 di 8 .' 

Sir Francis Stuart. 

* This Sir Francis Stuart a was uncle (or great uncle) to 
the present dutchesse of Richmond. 

He was a sea-captaine, and (I thinke) he was one 
summer a vice or rere-admirall. He was a learned gentle- 
man, and one of the club at the Mermayd, in Fryday street, 
with Sir Walter Ralegh, etc., of that sodalitie : heroes and 
witts of that time. Ben Jonson dedicates The Silent 
Woman to him. 

' To the truly noble by all titles Sir Francis Stuart. 

' This makes that I now number you not only in the 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 91. husband of Elizabeth, countess of 
a Second son to James Stuart, Moray ; K.B. June 2, 1610. 


Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 1 

names of favour but the names of justice to what I write, 
and doe presently call you to the exercise of the noblest 
and manliest vertue as coveting rather to be freed in my 
fame by the authority of a judge than the credit of an 

Henry Stubbe (163^-1676). 

* Dr. Henry Stubbs, physitian at Warwick, drowned 
July the middest 1676, riding between Bath and Bristol. 
Born 1631 Febr. 

Sir John Suckling (1601-1641). 

** Sir John Suckling 1 , knight, was the eldest son of 
(Sir John) Suckling, of the Green Cloath, tempore a . . . 
(I thinke, Car. I). His mother was the daughter of ... 
He was borne (Febr. i6o|). 

I have heard Mris Bond say, that Sir John's father was 
but a dull fellow (her husband, Mr. Thomas Bond, knew 
him) : the witt came by the mother. 

Quaere Dr. Busby if he was not of Westminster schoole ? 
he might be about his time. I have heard Sir William 
Davenant say that he went to the university of Cambridge 
at eleaven yeares of age, where he studied three or four 
yeares (I thinke, four). By 18 he had well travelled France 
and Italic, and part of Germany, and (I thinke also) of 

He returned into England an extraordinary accomplished 
gentleman, grew famous at court for his readie sparkling 
witt which was envyed. and he was (Sir William sayd) the 
bull that was bayted. He was incomparably readie at 
repartyng, and his witt most sparkling when most sett- 
upon and provoked. 

He was the greatest gallant of his time, and the greatest 

* MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 23. 

** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. no. 

a Controller of the Household to 

James I, 1621 ; Cofferer of the House- 
hold to Charles I, 1628. 

Sir John Suckling 241 

gamester, both for bowling f and cards,' so that no shop- 

t He was one of keeper would trust him for 6d., as to-day, for 
instance, he might, by winning, be worth aoo/*., 
the next ^7 he might not be worth half so 

d!d e ise W to H ' and much, or perhaps be sometimes minus nihilo. 

hTmseTfea y bed, Sir William (who was his intimate friend, and 
loved him intirely) would say that Sir John, 
when he was at his lowest ebbe in gameing, 

Hf s % c tere dbe ' I meane when unfortunate, then would make 

pe<Sdfiio th himselfe most glorious in apparell, and sayd 

cryin^fof'the that it exalted his spirits, and that he had 

loose a5< their) then best luck when he was most gallant, and 

portions. < . . . _ i 

his spirits were highest. 

Sir William would say that he did not much care for 
a lord's converse, for they were in those dayes damnably 
proud and arrogant, and the French would say that * My 
lord d'Angleterre . . . a comme un mastif-dog'; but now 
the age is more refined, and much by the example of his 
gracious majestic, who is the patterne of courtesie. 

Anno Domini 163- there happened, unluckily, a dif- 
ference between Sir John Suckling and Sir John Digby 
(brother to Sir Kenelme) about a mistresse or gameing, 
I have now forgott. Sir John was but a slight timberd 
man, and of midling stature ; Sir John Digby a proper 
person of great strength, and courage answerable, and 
yielded to be the best swordman of his time. Sir John, 
with some 2 or 3 of his party assaults Sir John Digby goeing 
into a play-house ; Sir J. D. had only his lacquey with 
him, but he b flew on them like a tigre, and made them run. 
'Twas pitty that this accident brought the blemish of 
cowardise to such an ingeniose young sparke. Sir J. D. 
was such a hero that there were very few but he would 
have served in the like manner. 

Anno Domini 163 when the expedition was into 
Scotland, Sir John Suckling, at his owne chardge, raysed 
a troope of 100 very handsome young proper men, whom 

a ' look't ' is written over ' . . . ,' which Aubrey had forgot. 
as the English for the French word b Substituted for ' Sir John Digby.' 

II. R 


Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

he clad in white doubletts and Scarlett breeches, and 
scarlet coates, hatts, and . . . feathers, well horsed, and 
armed. They say 'twas one of the finest sights in those 
dayes. But Sir John Menis made a lampoon 2 of it 
(vide the old collection of lampoons) : 

' The ladies opened the windows to see 
So fine and goodly a sight-a, J &c. 

I thinke the lampoon sayes he made an inglorious 
chardge against the Scotts. 

Quaere in what army he was in the Civill Warres. 

* Anno ... he went into France, where after some 
time being come to the bottome of his fund that was left, 
reflecting on the miserable and despicable condition he 
should be reduced to, having nothing left to maintaine 
him, he (having a convenience for that purpose, lyeing at 
an apothecarie's house, in Paris) tooke poyson, which killed 
him miserably with vomiting. He was buryed in the Pro- 
testants church-yard. This was (to the best of my remem- 
brance) 1646. 

His picture, which is like him, before his Poems, says 
that he was but 28 yeares old when he dyed. 

He was of middle stature and slight strength, brisque 
round eie, reddish fac't and red nose (ill liver), his head 
not very big, his hayre a kind of sand colour ; his beard 
turnd-up naturally, so that he had brisk and gracefull 
looke. He died a batchelour. 

Memorandum : he made a magnificent entertainment 
in London, at . . ., for a great number of ladies of 
quality, all beauties and young, which cost him . . . 
hundreds of poundes, where were all the rarities that this 
part of the world could afford, and the last service of all 
was silke stockings and garters, and I thinke also gloves. 

Anno Domini 1637 Sir John Suckling, William Davenant, 
poet laureat (not then knighted), and Jack Young came 
to the Bathe. Sir John came like a young prince for all 
manner of equipage and convenience, and Sir W. Davenant 

* MS. Aubr. 6,fol. uo v . 

Sir John Suckling 243 

told me that he had a cart-load of bookes carried downe, 
and 'twas there, at Bath, that he writt the little tract in his 
booke about Socinianism. 'Tvvas as pleasant a journey 
as ever men had ; in the heighth of a long peace and 
luxury, and in the venison season. The second night they 
lay at Marlborough, and walking on the delicate fine downes 
at the backside of the towne, whilest supper was making 
ready, the maydes were drying of cloathes on the bushes. 
Jack Young had espied a very pretty young girle, and had 
gott her consent for an assignation, which was about mid- 
night, which they happened to overheare on the other 
side of the hedge, and were resolved to frustrate his 
designe. They were wont every night to play at cards 
after supper a good while ; but Jack Young pretended 
wearinesse, etc. and must needes goe to bed, not to be 
perswaded by any meanes to the contrary. They had 
their landlady at supper with them ; said they to her, 
' Observe this poor gentleman how he yawnes, now is his 
mad fit comeing uppon him. We beseech you that you 
make fast his dores, and gett somebody to watch and looke 
to him, for about midnight he will fall to be most outragious : 
gett the hostler, or some strong fellow, to stay-up, and we 
will well content him, for he is our worthy friend, and a very 
honest gentleman, only, perhaps, twice in a yeare he falls 
into these fitts.' Jack Young slept not, but was ready 
to goe out as the clock struck to the houre of appointment, 
and then goeing to open the dore he was disappointed, 
knocks, bounces, stampes, calls, ' Tapster ! Chamberlayne ! 
Hostler ! ' sweares and curses dreadfully ; nobody would 
come to him. Sir John and W. Davenant were expectant 
all this time, and ready to dye with laughter. I know not 
how he happened to gett-open the dore, and was comeing 
downe stayres. The hostler, a huge lusty fellow, fell upon 
him, and held him, and cryed, * Good sir, take God in your 
mind, you shall not goe out to destroy your selfe.' J. Young 
struggled and strived, insomuch that at last he was quite 
spent and dispirited, and faine to goe to bed to rest 
himselfe. In the morning the landlady of the house 

R 2, 

244 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

came to see how he did, and brought him a cawdle. * Oh 
sir/ sayd she, ' you had a heavy fitt last night, pray, sir, 
be pleased to take some of this to comfort your heart.' 
Jack Young thought the woman had been mad, and being 
exceedingly vexed, flirted the porrenger of cawdle in her 
face. The next day his camerades told him all the plott, 
how they crosse-bitt him. That night they went to 
Bronham-house, Sir Edward Baynton's (then a noble seat, 
since burnt in the civill warres), where they were nobly 
entertained severall dayes. From thence, they went to West 
Kington, to parson . . . Davenant, Sir William's eldest 
brother, where they stayd a weeke mirth, witt, and good 
cheer flowing. From thence to Bath, six or seven miles. 

Memorandum : parson Robert Davenant haz told me 
that that tract about Socinianisme was writt on the table 
in the parlour of the parsonage at West Kington. 

* My lady Southcot, whose husband hanged himselfe, 
was Sir John Suckling's sister, to whom he writes a con- 
solatory letter, viz. the first. She afterwards maried 
. . . Corbet, D.D., of Merton Coll. Oxon 3 . At her house in 
Bishop's Gate- street, London, is an originall of her brother, 
Sir John, of Sir Anthony van-Dyke, all at length, leaning 
against a rock, with a play a -booke, contemplating. It is 
a piece of great value. There is also another rare picture, 
viz. of that pretty creature, Mris Jane Shore, an originall. 

When his Agtaurawas (acted), he bought all the cloathes 
himselfe, which we^e very rich ; no tinsill, all the lace pure 
gold and silver, which cost him ... I have now forgott. 
He had some scaenes to it, which in those dayes were only 
used at masques. 

Memorandum : Mr. Snowdon tells me, that after Sir 
John's unluckie rencounter, or quarrell, with Sir John 
Digby, wherin he was baffled : 'twas strange to see the 
envie and ill nature of people to trample, and scoffe at, 
and deject one in disgrace ; inhumane as well as un-christian. 
The lady . . . Moray (quaere) had made an entertainment 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 109 v . Aubrey heads the leaf: ' More of Sir John Suckling.' 

a Dupl. with ' paper.' 

Sir John Suckling 245 

for severall persons of quality at Ashley (in Surrey, near 
Chertsey), whereat Mr. Snowdon then was. There was 
the countesse of Middlesex, whom Sir John had highly 
courted, and had spent on her, and in treating her, some 
thousand of pounds. At this entertainment she could 
not forbeare, but was so severe and ingrate as to upbraid 
Sir John of his late recieved baffle ; and some other ladys 
had their flirts. The lady Moray (who invited them) 
seing Sir John out of countenance, for whose worth she 
alwaies had a respect : ' Well a ,' sayd shee, ' I am a merry 
wench, and will never forsake an old friend in disgrace, 
so (co)me sitt downe by me, Sir John ' (said she), and 
seated him on her right hand, and countenanced him. 
This raysed Sir John's dejected spirites that he threw 
his reparties about the table with so much sparklingness 
and gentilenes of witt, to the admiration of them all. 

* Sir John Suckling from Mr. William Beeston 
invented the game of cribbidge. He sent his cards to 
all gameing places in the country, which were marked 
with private markes of his : he gott 20,000 li. by this way. 
Sir Francis Cornwallis made Aglaura> except the end. 


1 Aubrey gives in trick the coat : 'parted per pale gules and argent, 3 bucks 
or ; a crescent for difference,' wreathing it in laurel. On this he notes : (a) 
' This coat was in his banner when he went into Scotland ' ; (b] ' Suckling of 
Wotton in Norfolke'; (f) ' vide Heralds' Office'; (d] 'Memorandum: this 
Sir John (Suckling) is not to be found in the (Heralds') Office: quaere Sir 
. . . Bourman of White Hall.' Dr. Philip Bliss has added also the reference : 
' vide part iii, pag. 4b,' i. e. MS. Aubr. 8, fol. io v , the passage given supra. 

2 In the letter in which Aubrey speaks of rriting this life (supra i. p. 2 : 
MS. Ballard 14, fol. 131) he says: * I want the scoffing ballad that Sir John 
Menis made against him, upon his fine troope and his running away. To 
which Sir John Suckling replyed in another ballad : 

"I prithee, foole, who ere thou bee, 
That madest this fine sing-song of mee 
... a sott 
... or els some rebell Scott." 

Pray, search Mr. (Ralph) Sheldon's ballad collections for them.' 

3 Anthony Wood objects here: 'Dr. Corbet married Sir Nathaniel Brent's 
daughter' : see Clark's Wood's Life and Times, i. 235- 

Subst. for ' come.' * MS. Aubr. 8, fol. io\ 

246 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Thomas Sutton (1532-1611). 

* ... Sutton, founder of the Hospitall a from old 
Thomas Tyndale, esq., the father was first a garrison- 
soldier at Barwick b . He was a lusty healthy handsome 
fellowe, and there was a very rich brewer who brewed 
to the navy, etc., who was ancient and he had maried 
a young buxome wife . . . The old brewer doted on his 
desirable wife and dies and left her all his estate which 
was great c . 

Sutton was a man of good understanding, and improved 
it d admirably well, but the particular wayes by which he 
did it I have now forgot ; but he was much upon mortgages, 
and fed severall with hopes of being his heire. 

'Twas from him that B. Johnson tooke his hint of the 
fox, and by Seigneur Volpone is meant Sutton. 

The later end of his dayes he lived in Fleetstreet at 
a wollendraper's shop opposite to Fetterlane, where he 
had so many great chests full of money that his chamber 
was ready to groane under it ; and Mr. Tyndale, who 
knew him and I thinke had money of him on mortgage 
during his lawe-suite (vide the lord Stafford's case in 
Coke's Reports), was afrayd the roome would fall. He 
lived to establish his hospitall, and was governor there 
himselfe. Obiit .... 

The earle of Dorset (I thinke, Richard) mightily courted 
him and presented e him, hoping to have been his heire ; 
and so did severall other great persons. 

Vide his life in 4to. 

William Sutton (1562-1632). 

** Mr. William Sutton came to Ch. Ch. Oxon at 
eleaven. He wrote much, but printed nothing but a little 
8vo against the Papists. 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 59 V . married this rich widow. 

* The Charterhouse. <* The estate. 

b Subst. for ' Newcastle.' e i. e. made presents to him. 

c Aubrey omits to say that Sutton ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 27. 

Sir Philip Sydney 247 


The Matric. Reg. does not bear out the statement as to his age : he appears 
there as matriculating Nov. 20, 1580, aged 18. He may have previously been 
chorister. He was elected Student of Ch. Ch. in 1579; took B.D. in 1592; 
and was Aubrey's schoolmaster at Blandford St. Mary's, Dorsetshire, where he 
was rector from 1592 till his death. 

Sir Philip Sydney (1554-1586). 

* Sir* Philip Sydney, natus 29 November, 1554, I9 h 
50' P.M., Cantiae, polo 51 52' ; ex MSS. Eliae Ashmole b , 

** Sir Philip Sydney \ knight, was the most accomplished 
cavalier of his time. He was the eldest son of the right 
honourable Sir Henry Sydney, knight of the noble order of 
the Garter, Lord President of Wales, and Lord Deputie of 
Ireland, 1570. I suppose he was borne at Penshurst in 
Kent (neer Tunbridge) ; vide. 

He had the best tutors provided for him by his father- 
that could then be had, as ... Vide my Grammar 2 

He travelled France, Italic, Germany; he was in the 
t This my Poland warres, and at that time he had to his 
panve?sl iz n a o b w th P a ge t (and as an excellent accomplishment) 
Henry Danvers (afterwards earle of Danby), 

niece, has told. then seCQnd gon of Sir J ohn Danvers O f 

Dantesey in Wilts, who accounted himselfe happy that his 
son was so bestowed. He makes mention, in his Art of 
Poesie, of his being in Hungarie (I remember). 

He was not only of an excellent witt, but extremely 
beautifull ; he much resembled his sister, but his haire was 
not red, but a little inclining, viz. a darke amber colour. If 
I were to find a fault in it, methinkes 'tis not masculine 
enough ; yett he was a person of great courage. He was 
much at Wilton with his sister, and at Ivy-church c (which 
adjoyns to the parke pale of Clarindon Parke), situated on 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 41 v . Napier's papers in Ashmole's hands. 

a The astrological details here given ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 82. 

are omitted. c The words ' anciently a pleasant 

b The same note is given in MS. monasterie ' followed : scored out, 

Aubr. 2 3, fol. 121, out of Dr. Richard because repeated below. 

248 Aubrey's l Brief Lives' 

a hill that overlookes all the country westwards, and north 
over Sarum and the plaines, and into that delicious parke 
(which was accounted the best of England) eastwards. 
It was heretofore a monastery (the cloysters remayne 
still) ; 'twas called coenobium Edrosium. My great uncle, 
Mr. Thomas Browne, remembred him ; and sayd that he was 
often wont, as he was hunting on our pleasant plaines, to 
take his table booke out of his pocket, and write downe his 
notions as they came into his head, when he was writing 
his Arcadia, (which was never finished by him). 

He was the reviver of poetry in those darke times, 
which was then at a very low ebbe, e. g. ' The Pleasant 
Comoedie of Jacob and Esau,' acted before King Henry 
VIII's grace (where, I remember, is this expression, that 
the pottage was so good, that God Almighty might have putt 
his finger in't}\ ' Grammar Gurton's Needle'; and in these 
playes there is not 3 lines but there is ' by God,' or ' by 
God's wounds.' 

He was of a very munificent spirit, and liberall to all 
lovers of learning, and to those that pretended to any 
acquaintance with Parnassus ; in so much that he was 
cloyd and surfeited with the poetasters of those dayes. 
Among others * Mr. Edmund Spencer a made his addresse 
to him, and brought his Faery Queen. Sir Philip was busy 
at his study, and his servant delivered b Mr. Spencer's booke 
to his master, who layd it by, thinking it might be such kind 
of stuffe as he was frequently troubled with. Mr. Spencer 
stayd so long that his patience was wearied, and went his 
way discontented, and never intended to come again. 
When Sir Philip perused it, he was so exceedingly delighted 
with it, that he was extremely sorry he was gonne, and 
where to send for him he knew not. After much enquiry 
he learned his lodgeing, and sent for him, mightily caressed 
{him}, and ordered his servant to give him . . . pounds in 
gold. His servant sayd that that was too much ; ' No/ 
said Sir Philip, 'he is . . . ,' and ordered an addition. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 8z T . Spenser; quaere whether this be true?' 

Anthony Wood notes: 'Edmund b Subst. for 'brought.' 

Sir Philip Sydney 249 

From this time there was a great friendship between them, 
to his dying day. 

I have heard Dr. Pell say, that he haz been told by 
ancient gentlemen of those dayes of Sir Philip, so famous 
for men at armes, that 'twas then held as great a disgrace 
for a young gentleman a to be seen riding in the street in 
a coach, as it would now for such a one to be seen in the 
streetes in a petticoate and wastcoate ; so much is the 
fashion of the times nowe altered. 

He maried the daughter of Sir Francis Walsingham, 
Principall Secretary of Estate (I thinke his only child- 
quaere), whom he loved very well. . . . 

Having recieved some shott or wound in the warres in 
the Lowe-countreys, where he had command of ... (the 
Ramikins, I thinke), he (acted) contrary to the injunction 
of his physitians and chirurgions, which cost him his life : 
upon which occasion there were some roguish verses made. 

His body was putt in a leaden coffin (which, after the 
firing of Paule's, I myselfe sawe), and with wonderfull 
greate state was carried from ... to St. Paule's church, 
where he was buried in our Ladie's Chapell : vide Sir 
William Dugdale's Pauls^ and epitaph. There solempnized 
this funerall all the nobility and great officers of Court ; all 
the Judges and Serjeants at Lawe ; all the soldiers, and 
commanders, and gentry that were in London ; the Lord 
Mayer, and Aldermen, and Livery-men. His body was 
borne on men's shoulders (perhaps 'twas a false coffin). 

When I was a boy 9 yeares old, I was with my father at 
one Mr. Singleton's, an alderman and wollen-draper in 
Glocester, who had in his parlour, over the chimney, the 
whole description of the funerall, engraved and printed on 
papers pasted * together, which, at length, was, I beleeve, 
the length of the room at least ; but he had contrived it to 
be turned upon two pinnes, that turning one of them made 
the figures march all in order. It did make such a strong 
impression on my young b phantasy, that I remember it as 

a ' young gentleman ' subst. for ' cavalier.' 
* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 83. b Dupl. with ' tender.' 

250 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

if it were but yesterday. I could never see it elswhere. 
The house is in the great long street, over against a the 
high steeple ; and 'tis likely it remaines there still. Tis 
pitty it is not re-donne. 

In St. Mary's church at Warwick is a sumptuose monu- 
ment of the lord Brooke, round a great altar of black marble 
is only this inscription : 

' Here lies the body of Sir Fulke Grevill, knight, servant 
to Q. Elizabeth, counsellor to K. James, and friend to Sir 
Philip Sydney.' 

On a little tablet of wood : 

' England, Netherlands, the Heavens and the Arts 
Of ... Sydney hath made . . . parts ; 
... for who could suppose, 
That one heape of stones could Sydney enclose.' 

Sir Henry Sydney, knight of 
the Garter, and President of 

Mary, daughter of John Dudley, 
duke of Northumberland, sister 
to Ambrose, earle of Warwick. 

i. Sir Philip m. . . . daughter and 

2. Robert, 

3. Thomas. 

Mat,. UJ 


... of secretary 
Walsingham : 
obiit 22 Sept. 1586. 


two sisters, 
married to 
2 Mansells 

of Glamor- 

Elizabeth, daughter m. 
and heir 

Roger Manners, earl 
of Rutland. 


sine prole. 

gj r ** Key of Pembroke s Arcadia 3 . 

All the good bodies thanke you for your remembrance, 
which I ought to have told you sooner if a paine in my 
head had not hinderd me. 

I wishe I could give you the key you desire, but all 
I know of it is not worth anything; though conversant 
amongst his relations, could learne noe more then Pamela's 
being my lady Northumberland b , Philo[clea] my lady 
Rich c , two sisters, the last beloved by him, upon whose 

a Subst. for ' neer upon.' married (2ndly) Henry Percy, ninth 

* This pedigree is in MS. Aubr. earl of Northumberland. 

6, fol. 83. Penelope, elder daughter of 

** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 81 B. Walter Devereux, earl of Essex, m. 

b Dorothy, younger daughter of Robert Rich, third baron Rich. 
Walter Devereux, earl of Essex, 

Sir Philip Sydney 251 

account he made his Astrophell and Stella ; Miso, lady 
Cox, Mopse, lady Lucy, persons altogether unknowne 
now ; Musid[orus] and Pericles, the two ladies' husbands. 
Lord Ri[ch] being then his friend, he perswaded her 
mother to the match, though he repented afterwards : she 
then very young and secretly in love with him but he no 
consern for her. Her beauty augmenting, he sayes in his 
Astrophel and Stella, he didnt think ' the morn would have 
proved soe faire a daye.' Their mother a was beautifull 
and gallant (whether he meant Ginesia by her or noe, 
I know not) ; but their father died, they being young. She 
remaried to Dudley, Leycester and Northumberland, and 
afterwards to her gentleman of the horse, Sir Cristopher 
Blunt, which was beheaded with lord Essex. It was 
thought he meant himself by Amphifalus] and his lady, 
Sir Francis Walsingham's daughter and heire, the queen 
of Corinth. If he did make his owne character high, they 
sayd Philisides was himself to, but it was all a guesse. He 
made it young, and diyng desired his folies might be 

Some others I have heard guessed at, but have forgot. 
Therfore canot satisfie the lady, which I would for your 

I give you thankes but shall not want my grandmother's 
epitaph (which was for a relation of ours heere, who 
desird it), having found it of your giving. 

I knew of my brother's place, but know nothing of his 
mariyng yett. 

My service to your brother. I am sorry all thinges 
should not answear both your desires. 

You have perfectly the good wishes of, 

Your humble servant, 


[Langton b in Lincolneshire] 
Feb. 1 8, i68f. 

Lettice, daughter of Sir Francis (2nd) Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester, 
Knolles, married (ist) Walter Deve- brother of Sir Philip Sydney's mother, 
reux, created earl of Essex in 1572 ; b The place is inserted by Aubrey. 

252 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Service to my lady Long. Whye doe you tell us no 
newes? Does not Mrs. Mason's mar a . . . 


1 Aubrey gives in trick the coat, ' or, a pheon vert [Sydney],' wreathed in 
laurel (as is his custom for a poet). Dr. Philip Bliss has added the reference 
' See part iii ante p. 24 for his birth,' i. e. the horoscope in MS. Aubr. 8, 
fol. 41 v ^lt supra p. 247. 

2 MS. Aubr. 22 : see vol. i. p. 123. 

3 This is the title given by Aubrey to D. Tyndale's letter. The letter is 
inserted between foil. 81, 82 of MS. Aubr. 6. It is addressed 'ffor Mr. John 
Aubry, to be left at Mr. Hooke's lodging in Gresham Coledge, p. postp d .' 

Sir Robert Talbot (1644-1681). 

* Sir Robert Talbot natus 164.4, Friday, January 21, 
I4 h o' 14" P.M. 

Sent by King Charles 2 d into France to cure Mada- 
mosille d'Orleans, May last, 1678. 

Oct. 1678, knighted. 

A second voyage into France, being sent for by that 
king, Dec r . 1678. 

Married February 167!. 

He dyed about September 1681. 

** Sir Robert Talbot, ague doctor, natus 21 Januarii 
1644, i4 h o' 14" P.M. 

John Tap. 

*** . . . Tappe : he writ a very good Arithmetique for 
those times, with an introduction to Algebra, in English, 
in 8vo. 

John Taylor (1580-1654). 

**** John Tayler, the water-poet : his Workes are a fair 
folio, printed, London, 1630. 

<He> was borne in thecitieof Glocester : . . . Tayler, 
a painter, was his brother b , who told me thus 23 yeares 

a Letter torn. **** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. H4 T . 

* MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 58. b ' his brother' underlined with 
** MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 121. pencil, as doubtful: Anthony Wood, 
*** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 82. in the Athenae, styles him nephew. 

John Taylor 253 

since (he lives yet at Oxon) : and his picture hung in the 
Schooles gallery. 

He came to London and bound himselfe to a water-man, 
in which capacity he wrote his poems. I have heard 
Josias Howe, M.A., say that he will choose out 6 verses 
(quaere) there as good as you will find in any other. 

He was very facetious and diverting company; and for 
stories and lively telling them, few could out-doe him. 

Anno 1643, at the Act time, I sawe him at Oxon. 
I guesse he was then neer 50. I remember he was of 
middle stature, had a good quick looke, a black velvet, 
a plush-gippe and silver shoulder-belt ; was much made of 
by the scholars, and was often with Josias Howe at 
Trinity College. 

He had heretofore in the long peace several 1 figgaries, 
e. g. he came from London to Salisbury in his skuller. 
He went so to Calais. He went to Scotland (I think 
round Great Britaine) littus legens in his skuller. 

Ever since the begining of the civill warres he lived in 
Turne-stile-alley in Long Acre, about * the middle on the 
east side over against the Goate (now a ), where he sold ale. 
His conversation was incomparable for three or four 
mornings' draughts. But afterwards you were entertained 
with crambe bis cocta. His signe was his owne head, and 
very like him, which about 22 yeares since was removed to 
the alehowse, the corner howse opposite to Clarendon 
howse. Under his picture are these verses ; on one side : 
There's many a head stands for a signe. 
Then, gentle reader, why not mine? 
On the other : 

Though I deserve not, I desire 
The laurell wreath, the poet's hire. 

This picture is now almost worne out. 

Obiit . . . (about 25 years since) : sepult. in the church- 
yard of St. Martin's- in-the-fields. 

* MS. Anbr. 8, fol. 116. 

a Over against the house which in 1680 was called the Goat. 

254 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

* John Taylor, water poet, quaere his obiit. Quaere 
his brother the paynter at Oxon. A(nthony) W(ood) 
respondet that he haz notes from the paynter who is dead. 

Silas Taylor (1624-1678). 

** Mr. Baker, the printseller, by the Royal Exchange, 
hath a MS., a thin folio, viz. the description of Harwich 
and all its appurtenances and antiquities by capt. Silas 

*** Captain Silas Tayler : vide A. Wood's Hist. etAntiq. 
Oxon. He was a captaine in the Parliament army, under 
col. (Edward) Massey. He was a sequestrator, in Here- 
fordshire, and had, in those times, great power, which 
power he used civilly and obligeingly, that he was beloved 
by all the King's party. 

He was very musicall, and hath composed many things, 
and I have heard anthemes of his sang before his majestic, 
in his chapell, and the king told him he liked them. He 
had a very fine chamber organ in those unmusicall dayes. 
There was a great friendship between Matthew Lock, since 
organist of the Queen's chapell, and him f. 
His father left him a pretty good estate, but 

da a ught n er, in he bought church lands and had the moeity of 
the bishop's palace, at Hereford, where he layd 
out much money in building and altering. Col. John 
Burch a had the other moeity. 

The times turning, he was faine to disgorge all he had 
gott, and was ruined, but Sir Paul Neile got for him the 
keeper of the King's stores at Harwich, worth about Cli. 
per annum. 

He was a great lover of antiquities, and ransackt the 
MSS. of the Church of Hereford (there were a great many 
that lay uncouth and unkiss). 

He also garbled the library of the church of Worcester, 
and evidences, where he had the originall grant of King 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 8. *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 7 V . 

** MS. Aubr. 21, fol. 77. a i.e. Birch. 

Silas Taylor 255 

Edgar (6a\ao-o-iap\ris) y whence the Kings of England derive 
their right to the soveraignty of the sea. 'Tis printed in 
Mr. Selden's Mare Clausum. I have seen it many times, 
and it is as legible as but lately written (Roman character). 
He offered it to the king for 1 20/2'. but his majesty would 
not give so much. Since his death, I acquainted the 
Secretary of Estate that he dyed in debt, and his creditors 
seised on his goods and papers. He told me that it did of 
right belong to Worcester Church. I told one of their 
prebends, and they cared not for such things. I beleeve it 
haz wrapt herings by this time. 

He had severall MSS. by him of great antiquity : one 
thin 4to. of the Philosopher's Stone, in Hieroglyphicks, 
with some few Latin verses underneath ; the most curiously 
limned that ever I sawe. His Majesty offered him 100/2'. 
for it, and he would not accept it. Tell Dr. Crowder a of 
the deed of king Edgar. 

Memorandum : Capt. Tayler search(ed) the Records 
in the Tower, etc., and retrived some privileges that the 
borough b had lost, for which the borough ought ever to 
have his remembrance in esteeme : and tho' he dyed above 
loo/z. in their debt, yet the towne lost not by him, for the 
reason aforesaid. 

The history or collection of this ancient borough he 
pawned a little before his death to Mr. Baker, the print- 
seller by the Old Exchange, for 4/2. i$s. I acquainted 
Sir Philip Parker, whom the borough uses to choose for 
their burghesse, to buy it for his borough. He would 
not lay out so much money, which would doe them 
more service then all his roast-beefe, wine, and ale at 
an election. 

Digitus Dei c . All that family came to unfortunate 
ends. His eldest sonne, wife, and children, were all burnt 

a i. e. Joseph Crowlher, Reg. Prof. judgements ' on the buyers of Church 

Greek, Oxon., a prebendary of Wor- land, as the Puritans before them had 

cester. looked out for judgements on Sabbath- 

b Of Harwich. breakers, play-actors, &c. (see Clark's 

c The Cavaliers and Churchmen Wood's Life ami Times, i. 49, 322). 
were now looking out for ' God's 

256 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

in their beds in ... near Lothbury ; another son, . . . ; 
another son (a dragoon a ), a churchyard wall fell on him 
and killed him. 

* He surveyed very ingeniously and carefully the 
antiquities of Herefordshire, scil. about f of the county, 
before the restauration of his majesty. He then left the 
country and went to his friend, Sir Edward Harley, then 
governour of Dunkirke, who gave him some command. 
These papers b are in the hands of Sir Edward Harley at 
Brampton-Bryan Castle. 

** Silas Domville alias Taylor, comitatus Salopiensis, 
xvi to die mensis Julii anno Domini MDCXX!V to in 
Harleya natus : in scholis Westmonasteriensi, Salopiensi 
(Scrobesbyriensi, si placeat), et aliis alumnatus : in tabulis 
publicis Aulae Novi Hospitii Oxoniensis circa annum 
MDCXLI conscriptus erat. Anno MDCLX apparatus bellici, 
armorum, et munimentorum rerum nauticarum Harvici 
in extrema maritima parte Essexiae pro serenissimo rege 
Carolo secundo usque adhuc ab anno MDCLXV custos et 

Inter alios libros scripsit de terrarum partitione inter 
liberos secundum tenuram Wallensium, Anglice the History 
of Gavel kind, et ad finem ejusdem historiolam quandam 
ducum Normannorum tempore Henrici primi Latine 
scriptam divulgavit, quae vocatur Brevis relatio .... In 
historia et descriptione comitatus Herefordiensis per quad- 
riennium, immo vero lustrum, enixe laboravit sed nee 
absolute aut ad plenum perfecit. 

*** For what other bookes, besides Gavel-kind, I have 
wrote, as my name for cogent reasons when first printed 
was not to them because of the nature of them, soe I shall 
not be soe vaine as now, after soe long a sleep, to awaken 
them with it. 

a Dupl. with ' a K .' ?a knave. 1673, sent to Aubrey for A. Wood : 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 8. MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 237. 

b i.e. Taylor's Herefordshire col- *** Taylor to Aubrey, < Harwich, 

lections. 18 Nov. 1673': ibid., fol. 236. 
** Taylor's autograph, Nov. 30, 

Herbert Thorndyke 257 

Herbert Thorndyke (16 1672). 

* Mr. Herbert Thorndyke was borne at ... in Lincoln- 
shire, went to schoole at ... (quaere if at Westminster) ; 
. . ., was fellow of Trinity College in Cambridge ; after- 
wards prebendary of Westminster*. 

He was a good poet. I have seen a poemation of his 
on the death of Gustavus Adolphus, king of Sweden, 
in Latin hexameters, about 100 verses or better. 

He was (as I am enformed by Seth Ward, Lord Bishop 
of Sarum, and other learned men) one of the best scholars 
and mathematicians of this age. 

He printed . . . but he does not write clearly (quaere 
Dr. Pell de hoc). 

Richard Busby, schoolmaster of Westminster, has his 
MSS. ; quaere what they are. 

He dyed b (July), 167(2); and lies interred in the 
north-east angle of Westminster cloysters, next to the 
grave-stone of (Thomas) Nurse, M.D., a piece of a blew 
marble stone on him but yet no inscription. 

He made his own inscription which is mentioned by 
Mr. Andrew Marvell in his Rehearsall Transprosd^ viz. : 

Hie jacet corpus Herbert! Thorndike 
praebendarii hujus ecclesiae, qui vivus 

veram Reformatae Ecclesiae 

rationem et modum precibus 

studiisque persequebatur. 
Tu, Lector, requiem et beatam 
in Christo resurrectionem precare. 

A parallel written by the bishop c and found under his 
owne hand and appointed for his epitaph, but I heare 
that Dr. (William) Lloyd his successor will have it altered 
to avoyd offence : 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. SO Y . c Isaac Barrow, bishop of St. Asaph; 

a Installed Sept. 5, 1661. see Clark's Wood's Life and Times, 

b Anthony Wood notes here : ii. 489. 
' quaere in Thomas Hariot.' 

II. S 

258 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Exuviae* Isaaci, Asaphensis episcopi, 
In manus Domini depositae, 
In spem laetae resurrectionis 

per sola Christi merita. 
O vos transeuntest domum a Domini, 

Domum orationis, 
Orate pro conserve vestro 
Ut inveniam misericordiam die Domini. 
June 30, 1680. 

John Tombes (1603-1676). 

** Mr. John Tombs, B.D. (quaere A. Wood's Antiq. Oxon.) 
was borne at Beaudley in Worcestershire; his father was a ... 

Anno Domini (i6ij) he was admitted at Magdalen-hall, 
in Oxon. Anno (1621), A.B.; Anno (1624), A.M. He 
read to pupills, and was tutor there to John Wilkins, after- 
wards bishop of Chester. He was a great master of the 
Greeke tongue, and the Hebrue he understood well. He 
alwaies carried a little Greeke Testament about with him ; 
he had (it) almost memoriter. He was an admirable dis- 
putant ; I remember he was wont to say, that to be a good 
disputant, 'tis requisite for one to be a good grammarian, 
as well as logician. I have forgott if he was pupill to the 
learned Mr. (William) Pemble ; but his favourite he was. 
He was soon taken notice of for his curious searching, 
piercing witt: he preached somewhere eastwards from 
Oxon, and had a company b followed him ; and 'twas 
predicted he would doe a great deale of mischiefe to 
the Church of England, reflecting upon what . . . sayes, 
that the greatest witts have donne the most mischiefe 
to the Church, introducing new opinions, etc. Anno 
. . . he was vicar of a market-towne c in Herefordshire, 
where he was very well beloved by his parish, and Sir 
. . . Croftes, eldest brother to the now bishop of Hereford, 
built a house in Leominster, to live there, to heare him 

15 ' Barrow ' : Aubrey's marginal marginal note, 

note. a Subst. for ' qui intratis domuin. 1 

f He is interred in the church- ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 79*. 

yard at the west end of the church b Dupl. with ' sect.' 

there: June 30, 1680': Aubrey's c Subst. for ' Leominster.' 

John Tombes 259 

preach. Anno ... he writt . . ., 8vo, dedicated to John 
Scudamore, viscount Slego, baron of ... drum a . Anno 
1645, 1646, he was master of the Temple at London, 
i. e. minister. In 1 647 he was supplanted there by parson 
Johnson. Then he went into his owne country, to Beaudley 
(a market-towne), at which time Mr. Baxter (his antagonist) 
preacht at Kitterminster, the next market-towne, two miles 
distant. They preacht against one another's doctrines, and 
printed against each other. Mr. Tombes was the Cory- 
phaeus of the Anabaptists : both had great b audience ; 
they went severall miles on foot to each doctor. Once 
(I thinke oftner), they disputed face to face, anno . . . ; 
and the followers were like two armies, about 1500 of 
a party ; and truly, at last they fell by the eares, hurt was 
donne, and the civill magistrate had much adoe to quiet 
them. About anno 1664 he came to the Act at Oxford 
(quaere), and did there in vesperiis sett up a challenge to 
maintaine contra omnes gentes the Anabaptisticall doctrine ; 
but not a man would grapple with him. Now, though 
prima facie this might seeme very bold to challenge a whole 
University, 'twas not so very strange neither, for he came 
throughly prepared, after 30 yeares' study and thoughts, 
and most of them surprised. 

Scripsit . . . 

Dr. (Robert) Sanderson, lord bishop of Lincolne, and 
he, had a greate esteeme for each other, so also had 
Dr. (Thomas) Barlowe (now bishop there). Putting aside his 
Anabaptisticall positions, he was comformable enough to the 
Church of England. About 1658 or 9, he maried the 
widowe of ... Dove, of Salisbury, and went to hear the 
Common Prayer there, and recieved the Sacraments ; and 
sometimes wayted on bishop Ward, who respected him for 
his learning. He was thought to be as great a divine as 
most we had after bishop Sanderson dyed. I remember he 
never, or seldome, was wont to say Our Saviour Christ, but 
My Lord Christ. He seemed to be a very pious and zealous 
Christian. I have heard him say (though he was much 

a i. e. Dromore. b Dupl. with ' frequent.' 

S 2 

260 Aubrey's { Brief Lives' 

opposite to the Romish religion) that truly, for his part, 
should he see a poor zealous friar goeing to preach, he should 
pay a him respect. He was but a little man, neat limbed, 
a little quick searching eie, sad, gray. He dyed at Salisbury, 
May 22, and was buried 25th, in St. Edmund's church- 
yard, anno Domini 1676, opposite to the steeple, a good 
distance on the north side. His daughter dyed 7 yeares 
before him, and haz a grave-stone on her, with an inscrip- 
tion. He lyes there, and in the same stone is since engraven 
an inscription to the purpose already written of Mr. John 

* Deare Sir 1 , 

According to your desire I have sent you (although 
long, for it), my cozen -Gore and my cozen Gastrell's 
nativityes ; also your brother William who is now in this 
countrey desired mee to send you up Mr. Francis Potter's 
place of interment in the church at Killmanton, and the 
inscriptions on Mr. Tombs' and and his daughter's tombston. 

I have enquired of Mr. Kent ; and hee sayth that 
Mr. Potter is buryed in Killmanton church, but in what 
part of the church hee knoweth not. 

The inscription on Mr. Tombes his tomb is first : 

' Here lyeth the body of Elizabeth the wife of Mr. Wolston 

and under itt this inscription on the same stone : 

' Here (lyeth) the body of Mr. John Tombes, Batchelour 
in Divinity, a constant preacher of God's word, who deceased 
the 22 d of May 1676, aged 73.' 

I will finish Mr. Penruduck's 2 genesis as soone as I can ; 
but I am somewhat bussy att present ; therefore must 
begge his pardon. 

I will write to H. Coley shortly, for lately I received 
a letter from him. 

Soe in hast I am, Sir, 

Your faythfull servant to bee commanded, 

Dtipl. with ' owe.' * MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 13. 

Ezreel Tonge 261 

Sarum; Yesterday the good lord bishop of 

R 2*o Aprilisi6i8 Sarum arrived att his pallace in the 


* To John Aubrey, esq., att Mr. Hooke's chamber in 
Gresham Colledge with dare these present. 



1 This letter from Charles Snell to Aubrey is sealed with the following 
coat : ' ... a cross pattee crossed ; quartering, ... 3 roses on a fess 
between 6 martlets.' 

Aubrey has on it a jotting ' Memorandum his life as to Dove,' and in MS. 
Aubr. 8, fol. 15, the note ' Mr. . . . Tombes : mend the mistake of . . .Dove's 
widdowe,' i.e. supra, p. 259, correct the statement that ' he maried the widowe 
of ... Dove.' He married the widow of Wolston Abbott of Salisbury : 
Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 360: July 14, 1681. 

2 George Penruddock, of Broad Chalk, born at Westminster. MS. Aubr. 23, 
fol. 61. 

Ezreel Tonge (1621-1680). 

** Ezreel Tong 1 , D.D., was borne at Tickell, in York- 
shire, between Bautre and Doncaster. 

Obiit . . . Decemb., sepultus 23 Decemb. (1680) in the 
vault of the church-yard of St. Mary Stayning, London; 
where, before the conflagration, was a church, of which he 
was the parson a ; but I have heard his brother, captain 
Tong (of the King's Guards) say 'twas worth but 18/2'. per 
annum, for he had gathered it. 

Mr. (Thomas) Jones (who preached his funerall sermon : 
printed) sayes that he haz left two tomes in folio of alchymie. 
His excellency lay there. 

About 1658, or 1659, the then-Power made an Academic 
of the Bishop's Pallace at Durham, for the benefit of the 
North. Dr. Tonge was the governour, or one of the pro- 
fessors. Ned Bagshawe was proposed to have been another. 
The Dr. had an excellent schoole there, and followed pre- 
cisely the Jesuites' method of teaching ; and boyes did profit 
wonderfully, as needes they must, by that method. 

He afterwards taught at Islington, at Sir Thomas Fisher's 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 13*. ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 49*. 

a Subst. for ' minister.' 

262 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

house 2 , where was a long gallery, and he had severall 
printed heads of Caesars, &c. ; verbes under such a head, 
governed a dative case ; under another, an ablative. The 
boyes had it as readie as could be. I have been there. 

* Ezerel Tong, D.D. : Mr. Cadnam, bookeseller, New 
Exchange, hath his papers, among which is a MS. (folio) 
of chymistrie : quaere title. Respondet quod non : Captain 
Tonge (his brother) gave all his papers to my lord Cul- 
pepper a , when he went to Virginia. I spake to Sir R. 
Reding to quaere (about them), and my lord heeded not 
such things. So there is a precious collection of other 
men's labours lost. 

** Ezerel Tong, D-D., invented (among other things) 
the way of teaching children to write a good hand in 
twenty dayes' time, by writing over, with black inke, copies 
printed from copper-plates in red inke : viz., the children 
(scilicet, about 8 or 9 aetatis) were to do it four howers in 
the day ; i. e. a howers or 2 halfe-howers in the morning 
at a time (as the boyes' temper could endure it, without 
tyring him) ; and then to play as long ; and then to it 
again, to keep up the idea in the child fresh. Since his 
death, Mr. Robert Moray (projector b of the Penney Post) 
haz engraven severall plates printed-ofF in red letters, by 
which meanes boyes learne (to admiration) as aforesayd 
quod N.B. 

His funerall sermon was preached in the church of 
St. Michael, Wood-street ; the church of St. Mary Stayning 
being burn't, and never to be re-edified, but both parishes 
putt together. 

A T otes. 

1 Aubrey gives in trick the coat, ' azure, a bend or cottised argent, between 
six martlets or,' and notes ' this is the same coat that is borne by Delabere.' 

2 MS. Aubr. 22 is a collection of short treatises, chiefly on Latin grammar. 
Of this Aubrey says : * Memorandum : this collection of grammatical learning 
(and another in 8vo) is in relation to my idea of the education of the noblesse,' 
i.e. is in preparation for MS. Aubr. 10 infra. In this volume is a treatise 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 8. returning in 1682. 

a Thomas Colepeper, 2nd baron, ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. io v . 

appointed governor of Virginia in b Subst. for ' inventor.' 

1675, but went not out till 1680, 

Nathaniel Torporley. Thomas Triplett 263 

'by Dr. Tonge, Brampton Castle, Dec. 23, 1672,' entitled 'Dr. Tonge de 
punctis] 3 pp., dealing with Wasmuth's rules for punctuation. 

Also, An epitome of Grammar, by Ezerel Tonge, D.D., being 18 memorial 
verses, beginning 

' Eight parts, two numbers, six cases, these.' 

Also, a prospectus of Tong's school, ' At Islington in or near Sir Richard 
Fisher's house, next the church, having a prospect into Canbury fields ' ; and 
on the back of it a scheme of the terminations in the declension of Latin 
nouns. Also, 4 pp. of memorial verses (Latin), and (in MS.) a scheme for 
the conjugation of verbs. 

MS. Aubr. 10 is Aubrey's ' The idea of education of a young gentleman.' 
In this, chapter 3 (i. e. foil. 13-20) is 'An introduction to the Latin tongue, by 
Ezerel Tong, D.D.' 

Nathaniel Torporley (1563-1632). 

* Mr. J. a Torporley Mr. {Robert) Hooke affirms to me 
that Mr. J. Torporley was amanuensis to Vieta b ; but from 
whom he had that information he haz now forgot, but he 
had good and credible authority for it, and bids me tell you 
that he was certainly so. 

He printed something against Vieta by the name of 
John Poulterey (a disguised name, the same letters a little 

** Memorandum : Mr. Nicholas Mercator (who taught 
the last earl of Northumberland , then lord Percy, at 
Petworth) assures me that the earle of Northumberland 
who was prisoner in the Tower gave also a pension to one 
Mr. . . . Torporley, Salopiensis, a learned man ; and that 
in the library of that family (I thinke) at Petworth, are 
some papers of his : quaere iterum. 

Ex catalogo librorum Bibliothecae Bodleianae : 

Nath. Torporlaeus, Diclides coelometricae, seu valvae 
astronomicae universales : Lond. 1602, 4to : C. 46 Art. 

Thomas Triplett (1603-1670). 

*** Next to Dr. Outram's inscription {in the south aisle 
of Westminster abbey) stands this of Dr. Triplett, in the 

* MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 8 T . c Joscelyne Percy, nth earl, died 

a sic in MS. 1670 : see Clark's Wood's Life and 

b Fran9ois Viet, mathematician, Times, ii. 193. 

1540-1603. *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 51*. 
** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 91. 

264 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

very place where Mr. Thomas Mays stood, of white 

Hie requiescit vir 
Reverend. Dr. Thomas Triplett, 

ex agro Oxoniensi, 
Praebendarius hujus ecclesiae, 
Qui postquam ad annum aetatis septuagesimum 

pietate et cultus assiduitate, Deo, 

Graecae linguae peritia non vulgari, doctis, 

largitate et continua beneficentia, egenis, 

morum innocua jucunditate, omnibus, 

carum se praebuisset, 

Ab hac vita ad meliorem commigravit, 

Anno Domini 1670 

Die Julii i& 

He went to schoole to Dr. Gill, as appeares by his 
ballad b , which will last longer then any sermon that ever 
he made. 

After his sequestration he kept a schoole at Dublyn 
(when the king was beheaded); afterwards at Hayes, 
Surrey, 12 miles from London. 'Twas here our d common 
friend George Ent went to schoole to him, who told me 
that he had forgot the smart of his old master, Gill ; he 
was very severe. 

I'le tell you a story of our old friend. His master 
Triplett was a great lover of honey, and one of his schoole- 
fellow's mother having sent a pott of honey to the doctor, 
G. Ent putt his schoolefellow to beg a little of his master, 
and he had gott a manchet and so they would have 
a regalio. The doctor was in his study; and the boy takes 
the confidence to approach, with his ' Quaeso, praeceptor, 
da mihi mel.' G. Ent was sneaking behind. Q d . the 
disturbed doctor, ' You audacious raskall/ and gave him 
a good cuffe on the ear, ' how dare you be thus impudent ? 
Sirrah, who putt you on ? ' The boy answered (whiningly) 

a Aubrey sketches, as on the top of b See in the life of Dr. Gill, siipra, 

the monument, a circle with the coat i. p. 263. 

of arms, ' a doe statant regardant, c Subst. for ' during the troubles/ 

transfixed at the neck by an arrow, d These lives being addressed by 

a chief indented.' Aubrey to Anthony Wood. 

Thomas Tusser. William Twisse 265 

* G. Ent.' The enraged doctor flies out of his study (he 
was a very strong man), gives poore George a kick in the 
breech, and made him fly downe a flight of 7 or 8 staires 
to the landing-place, where his head first came to. He 
was stunn'd, but 'twas well his neck was not broken. 
'Twas a most cruel and inhumane act to use a poore child 
so. It so happened that a day or two before G. E. had 
shaled a tooth. He writes a letter to his father (now Sir 
George Ent) and incloses the tooth in it ; relates the story 
and that he lost the tooth by that meanes *. The next 
day the grave and learned Dr. Ent comes to Hayes (the 
fame of whose learning and testimonie did give great credit 
and reputation to this schoole); expostulates with the 
doctor about his sonne. To be short, tooke him away, and 
placed him with Mr. William Radford at Richmond (an 
honest sequestred fellow of Trinity College, Oxon, and 
an excellent schoolmaster, having been bred at Thame 
under Dr. Birt a and afterwards sent to Winton.) This 
accident well-nigh did breake Dr. Triplett's schoole. But 
shortly after this time, happened the restauration of his 
majestic, and then he was also restored to his former 

Thomas Tusser (1527-1580). 

** Memorandum: Edward Bullock, of Fayburne-hall, 
in Essex, esq. assures me, that this Tusser was borne at 
Riven-hall in Essex. The howse wherein he was borne 
they doe yet shew. He rented the parsonage of Fairested. 
He speakes in his booke of the people's cosening him of 
his tythes. 

William Twisse (1574-1646). 

*** . . . Twisse, D.D., of Newbury : his sonne Dr. . . . 
Twisse, minister of the new church neer Tothil street, 
Westminster, told me that he had heard his father say that 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 52. and Times, i. 108. 

a William Hurt, Anthony Wood's ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 96*. 

schoolmaster; Clark's W T ood's Life *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 59*. 

266 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

when he was a schoole-boy at Winton Colledge that he 

was a rakell, and that one of his schoolefellowes and 
camerades (as wild as himselfe) dyed there ; and that his 
father goeing in the night to the house of office, the 
phantome or ghost of his dead schoolefollow appeared to 
him and told him ' I am damn'd ' ; and that this was the 
beginning of his conversion. 

Memorandum : the Dr. had a melancholique and hypo- 
condriaque temperament. 

John Twyne (15 1581). 

* Jo. Twini, Bolingdunesis, Angli, de rebus Albionicis, 
Britannicis, atque Anglicis commentariorum libri 2, ad 
Thomam Twinum. filium : Lond. 1599. 

The father was schoolmaster of St. Saviour's in Canter- 
bury. John Leland haz verses on him. 

Thomas TwyiLe (1543-1613). 

** 85" From Mr. Meredith Lloyd ' The Breviarie of 
Britaine of Humphrey Lloyd, dedicated to Ortelius, 
translated out of Latine by Mr. Twyne, wherein are the 
etymologies of the Welsh names, rivers, cities, etc.' He says 
that the Latin edition is altogether false writt, which names 
Mr. Twyne hath printed true in the English edition. 

Thomas Tyndale (1588-1674). 

{In MS. Aubr. 21, among the notes Aubrey has jotted down for his 
projected comedy The Country Revel, are a number under the initials 
of T. T., i.e. of Thomas Tyndale (see p. 190, supra\ whom Aubrey 
took for his model in depicting an old gentleman (' Sir Eubule Nestor ') 
of the heroic age. Some of these opinions of ' an old courtier of the 
Queen's ' are collected here.) 

In those days (Elizabetha regina) the great men had 
a gate (the yettes), and when a senator went to the 
Parliament-house a-foote, or a horse-back with his foot- 
cloath, he had at his heeles \ a dozen or i o tall fellowes with 
blew coates and badges and long basket-hilt swords. Now 
forsooth only a laquey and a little spitt-pig a . 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 3. ** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 6. 

a i. e. a sword fit only to stick a pig. 

Thomas Tyndale 267 

T. T. The advantage that king Charles I had : gentle- 
men tho a kept good horses, and many horses for a man- 
at-armes, and men that could ride them ; hunting horses. 
Now we are come all to our coaches forsooth ! (Sir Philip 
Sydney b ). Now young men are so farre from managing 
good horses, they know not how to ride a hunting nag nor 
handle their weapons. So God help the king if, etc. 

In Sir Philip Sydney's time 'twas as much disgrace for 
a cavalier to be seen in London rideing in a coach in the 
street as now 'twould be to be seen in a petticoate and 
wastcoate. They rode in the streets then with their rich 
footcloathes, and servants wayting on them with blewe 
coates and badge, 6 c , 8, 12 + . 

T. T., an old gentleman that remembers Queen Elizabeth's 
raigne and court, one of true gravity and prudence, not one 
that depends upon the grave cutt of his beard to be thought 
so. He hath seen much in his time both at home and 
abroade ; and with much choler inveighes against things 
now : * Alas ! O' God's will ! Now-a-dayes every one, 
forsooth ! must have coaches, forsooth ! In those dayes 
gentlemen kept horses for a rnan-at-armes, besides their 
hackney and hunting horses. This made the gentry robust 
and hardy and fitt for service ; were able to be their owne 
guides in case of a rout or so, when occasion should so 
required Our gentry forsooth in these dayes are so 
effeminated that they know not how to ride on horseback. 
Tho when the gentry mett, it was not at a poor blind 
sordid alehouse, to drinke up a barrell of drinke and lie 
drunke there two or three dayes together ; fall together by 
the eares. They mett tho in the fields, well-appointed, with 
their hounds or their hawkes ; kept up good hospitality ; 
and kept a good retinue, that -would venture that bloud 
and spirit that filled their vaines which their masters' tables 
nounsht e ; kept their tenants in due respect of them. We 
had no depopulacion in those dayes. 

a i.e. then. 'vide Macchiavelli's Princ e.' 
b See p. 249, supra. e Aubrey notes in the margin : 

c i. e. six, eight, twelve or more. ' vide Oceanam,' i. e. Harrington's. 
d Aubrey notes in the margin : 

268 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

1 You see in me the mines of time. The day is almost at 
end with me, and truly I am glad of it : I desire not to 
live in this corrupt age. I foresawe and foretold the late 
changes, and now easily foresee what will follow after. 
Alas ! O' God's will ! It was not so in Queen Elizabeth's 
time : then youth had a respect to old age. 

'Revels Tho the elders and better sort of the parish 
sate and beheld the pastimes of the young men, as wrastling, 
shooting at butts, bowling, and dancing. All this is now 
lost ; and pride, whoreing, wantonnesses, and drunkennesses. 
Tho the charity of the feast, St. Peter's box b , maintayned 
the old impotent poore.' 

James Usher (1585-165!-). 

* Memorandum: . . . Usher, Lord Primate (of Ireland), 
was at Llantrithed c for severall moneths, and divertised 
himselfe much to talke with the poore people to understand 
Welsh, for that ' it had,' he sayd, ' a great affinity with the 
Irish.' He sayd the Old Testament was translated by 
the Universities, but the New Testament was translated 
by the bishops ; but the Old is much better donne. 

Henry Vaughan (1621-1695). 
Thomas Vaughan (1621-166^). 

** There are two Vaughans, twinnes, both very ingeniose 
and writers. One writt a poemei called Olor Iscanus (Henry 
Vaughan, the first-borne), and another booke of Divine 
Meditations. His brother wrote severall treatises, whose 
names I have now fofgott, but names himself Eugenius 

They were borne at Llansanfraid in Brecknockshire, by 
the river Uske (Isca). Their grandmother was an Aubrey : 

a Dupl. with ' bare.' * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 25. 

b The revel Aubrey pictures in his c At Sir John Aubrey's, 

comedy took place on St. Peter's Day. ** Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 

A collection for the poor was made 169 : March 14, 167!. 
at the Wake. 

Henry Vaughan. Thomas Vaughan 269 

their father, a coxcombe and no honester then he should 
be he cosened me of $os. once. 

Eugenius Philalethes was of Jesus College. Whither 
Henry was I have forgotten ; but he was a clarke sometime 
to Judge Sir Marmaduke Lloyd a . 

* Henry Vaughan, ' Silurist ' : you know Silures con- 
tayned Breconockshire, Herefordshire, etc. 

** My brother and I were borne att Newton, in Breck- 
nockshire, in the parish of St. Briget's, in the year 

I stayed not att Oxford to take my degree, but was sent 
to London, beinge then designed by my father for the study 
of the law, which the sudden eruption of our late civil 
warres wholie frustrated. 

My brother continued there for 10 or 12 yeares, and 
I thinke he could be noe lesse than Master of Arts. He 
died upon an imployment for his majesty, within 5 or 6 
miles of Oxford, in the yeare that the last great plague 
visited London. He was buried by Sir Robert Murrey, 
his great friend (and then secretary of estate for the 
kingdome of Scotland) ; to whome he gave his bookes 
and MSS. 

*** My profession allso is physic, which I have practised 
now for many years with good successe (I thanke God) 
and a repute big enough for a person of greater parts than 
my selfe. 

**** My brother died in the seaven and fortieth year of 
his age, upon the 27th of Februarie in the yeare 1666, and 
was buried upon the first of March. 

***** Sir Robert Moray . . . told me he buryed {my 
cosen Thomas Vaughan) at Albery neer Ricot within three 
miles of Oxford. He dyed at Mr. [Sam. b ] Kern's howse, 
the minister. 

a Puisne Justice of Chester, 1622- *** Ibid., fol. 2i6 v . 

1636. **** Idem, ibid., fol. 227 : July 17, 

* Ibid., fol. i69 v . 1673. 

** Henry Vaughan's autograph to ***** Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, 

Aubrey, in Wood MS. F. 39, fol. 216 : 219: July 5, 1673. 
June 15, 1673. b Added by Anthony Wood. 

270 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Edward de Vere, I7th earl of Oxford (15 1604). 

* Mr. Thomas Henshawe, Regiae Societatis Socius, tells 
me that Nicholas Hill was secretary to . . ., the great 
earle of Oxford, who spent fourty thousand pounds per 
annum in seaven yeares travell. He lived at Florence in 
more grandeur than the duke of Tuscany a . 

This earle of Oxford, making of his low obeisance to 
queen Elizabeth, happened to . . . , at which he was 
so abashed b that he went to travell 7 yeares. On his 
returne the queen welcomed him home and sayd, ' My lord, 
I had forgot the . . .' 

A poor man askt of Mr. Hill one time to give him 6d. 
(or is. or such an almes). Sayd Mr. Hill ' What doest say, 
if I give thee ten pounds ? ' ' Oh ! ' sayd he, ' ten pounds 
would make me a man.' And he did put it downe in the 
account ' Item, x/z. for making a man ' which his lord- 
ship allowed and was well pleased at it. 

Villiers, duke of Buckingham. 

** George Villiers, ist duke of Buckingham, natus 28 
Aug. 1592, 4 h 40' A.M., at Brookesby, Leicestershire. 

George, films of the duke of Buckingham, natus 30 
Januarii, i62j ; obiit in Yorkshire, Saturday, 16 Apr. 1687. 

*** (a) George, duke of Buckingham, borne Aug. 28, 
Thursday, I5 h P.M. 1595. () George Villiers, duke of 
Buckingham, natus Tuesd. 28 Aug. 1592, i6 h 45' P.M. 
[Here (b} the yeare is 1592 ; but in the former (a) 1595.] 

The duke's sonne borne Wedn. 30 January 162^. i h P.M. 

The countesse of Bucks d died of a dropsi and phisick, 
14 Apr. 1632. 

**** Vide in Vaticinium Poeticum de obitu lord Francis 
Villers e . 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, d Mary Villiers, mother of George, 

fol. 389: July 15, 1689. first duke of Buckingham, created 

a Dupl. with 'Florence.' countess of Buckingham July I, 1618. 

b Dupl. with < ashamed.' **** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 5. 

c Subst. for ' a beggar.' e Second son of George, first duke : 

** MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 121. killed 1648. 
*** MS. Aubr. 23, a slip at fol. 1 2 i v . 

William de Visscher 271 

William de Visscher. 

* From Mr. Bovey: William de Visscher, merchant 
in London, borne at Emden in East Frisland in Germany, 
a Hans-towne now under the Dutch. At 2 yeares old 
was brought into England by his father, an eminent 
merchant ; lived 55 yeares in one house at St. Mary Hill, 
and dyed in the 74th yeare of his age. He lived there till 
the fire of London ; he dyed about 3 yeares after he did 
not enjoy himselfe afterwards. 

In the last great dearth of corne in England, which was 
t Quaere * n anno t > when there was a great com- 

lo year's sc ut P^ amt an ^ cry of the poore, he bade them bee 
I6 b 4 e 7, e or e i648- of g ood comfort for they should not starve, 
quaere. f or fa wo^d gj ve them his labour and the 

use of his estate for that yeare. He being a man of 
vast credit, gave his factors order that what corne they 
could buy at such and such rates beyond sea, to hire flye- 
boates and send them over to the port of London, of which 
he bought in one yeare two thousand five hundred sayle. 
The corne that cost him I2s. per bushell beyond sea, he 
sold here for 14^. ; and some of the places from whence he 
had corne (they selling it by reason of the greatnesse of 
the price) afterwards wanted it themselves and were faine 
to be supplied from hence, i.e. in some places, for which 
they were faine to pay halfe value more then the first cost, 
or els must have starved. 

Many disasters happened to many of the shippes that 
were bound for London (some that never arrived were 
destroyed by foule weather ; some wind-bound so long till 
their corne fired for want of ayering, and was faine to be 
throwne over-board) that in the whole matter, after all the 
adventures runne, he did not gaine five and twenty hundred 
pounds. The fly-boates caryed 800 tunne, and some more. 

He left two sonnes and (one) daughter behind him, 
named Isabella (who was maried to Mr. James Bovey, by 
which he haz one sonne and one daughter). 

* MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 14. 

272 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

He was a very eminent merchant, as most was of his 
time ; and was valued by common reputation (when he 
marled his daughter) to be worth sixscore thousand 

He stayed in London during the whole time of the 
plague, and had not all that time one sick in his family. 
He was a temperate man, and had his house very cleanly 

Isaac Vossius (1618-1688). 

* Isaac Vossius died at his lodgeings in Windsor Castle, 
February the tenth, anno i68f ; and hath left the best 
private library, they say, in the world. 'Tis sayd king 
William will buy it to send into Holland a . 

Johannes Gerhardus Vossius (1577-1649). 

** He alwayes wrote his Adversaria on one side only of 
a sheet of paper, so that as occasion required, he only tore 
his papers and fixt them together, and would so send them 
to the presse without any more transcribing. If his paper 
would beare ink of one side 'twas as much as he desired. 
This way did save him a great deale of paines quod N.B. : 
from Dr. John Pell. 

Vide Drexelii, e Soc. Jesu. de legendis auctoribus cum 

Sir Isaac Wake (1575-1632). 

*** Sir Isaac Wake : he had a fine seate at Hampsted 
in Middlesex, which lookes over London and Surrey, where 
he made those delicate walkes of pines and firres, also 
corme-trees, etc. The Lord Chiefe Baron Wyld b had it 
afterwards. His study was mighty pleasant. 

The lord de la Ware, who maried the daughter and heire 
of the chiefe baron, sold this seat about 1683 to a citizen of 
London, who pulled it downe to build a house (1686). 

* MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 8. ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 5. 

The University of Oxford offered *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 98. 

^3,000 for it, and was refused. It b John Wild, Chief Baron of the 

was soon afterwards sold for that sum Exchequer 1648-1655, 1660 (Jan.- 

to the University of Leyden. June). 

Clement Walker. Edmund Waller 273 

The Chief Baron told his cosen Edmund Wyld, esq., that 
Sir Isaac Wake was the first that planted pines and firres 
in England. E. W. might have had the study for 8 li. per 

Clement Walker (1595-1651). 

* Clement Walker, esq. (' Theodorus Verax '), author of 
the History of Independency, was of Christ Church, Oxon. 
Obiit . . ., in the Tower (about Worcester fight). 

** Clement Walker 1 , esq. vide registrum at All Hallows, 
Barking, about 1650, ubi sepultus, November: he asked 
about an hower before he dyed, how long it was to full-sea. 
They sayd, an hower. ' Then,' sayd he, ' at that time 
I shall depart ' ; and he did so, quietly from E. P ., esq., 
his fellow-prisoner there, who told me that he wrote a 
continuation of his Historic of the king's comeing to 
Worcester : 'tis pitty 'tis lost. 

His son 2 , W. W., now living, was a minor when his 
father dyed ; and . . ., an elder brother of his, was made 
executor, who is also dead. 


1 Aubrey adds also the references : (a) l vide A(nthony) W(ood's) lettre, 
about June 1681 ' ; () 'vide <t>, p. 88,' a MS. I have been unable to identify. 

2 Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39,fol. 360: July 14, 1681 : 'Mr. Clement 
Walker's son tells me that his father was buried in Allhallowes Barking church, 
November . . ., 1652 : wherabout he knowes not, being then but 9 aetatis.' 

Edmund Waller (160^-1687). 

*** Mr. Edmund Waller of Beconsfield, the poet, was 
t ' Edmundus Dorn e t at Colshill x in Hertfordshire neer 
Agmundesham A.D. 1606, Martii die 13, hora 
l8 > min - l6 P.M. scilicet March after the 
Gunpowder plot. 

Aubr. 6,fol. ,. 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. *** MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 79. The 

121 : Dec. 5, 1668. horoscope is given. 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. n. 

II. T 

274 Aubrey's l Brief Lives 9 

* Hie Mercurius in I2 a monstrat felix et sublime ingenium, sed ipsi 
autori noxium propter D cum Luna. Saturnus in Medio Coeli indicat 
multos inimicos, quibus tamen natus praevalebit propter A quern 
habet Saturnus cum Venere. Supervivet natus suae uxori ; caveat 
tamen sibi 1655, minantur enim tune astra morbum periculosum, quern 
si natus superat, potent (naturaliter loquendo) pervenire ad annum 
1669. Apparet tamen periculum ab aquis et a veneno. Videtur 
honorandus ab aliquo principe externo. Complexio est frigida et 
humida, unde bonum erit uti cibis calidis, sed facilis digestionis 
propter debilitatem stomachi.' 

Obiit Octob. 20, 1687 ; sepultus at Beconsfield in the 
churchyard with his father and grandfathers, where are 
two walnutt-trees sett at the head and foot of his grand- 
father's grave. 

* Edmund Waller 2 , esq., son and heire of (Robert 
Waller) by (Anne) Hamden. He was cosen-germane to 
Oliver Cromwell, Protector, whose mother was his mother's 

He was borne at Beconsfield, in Bucks, Anno Domini 
. . . (quaere) in the fair brick house, the farthest on the 
left hand, as you goe to Wickham. 

He had grammer learning from the information of 
Mr. (Gerard) Dobson 3 , minister of Market Wickham, 
who taught a private schoole there, and was (he told me) 
a good schoolmaster, and had been bred at Eaton College 
schoole. I have heard Mr. Thomas Bigge, of Wickham, 
say (who was his schoole-fellow, and of the same forme), 
that he little thought then he would have been so rare 
a poet ; he was wont to make his exercise for him. 

His paternall estate, and by his first wife, was 3000/2'. 
per annum. His first wife was . . . (vide Heralds' 
Office) of Worcestershire, by whom he had . . . per 
annum, and issue by her, son. His second wife (maried 
to her A. D. . . .) was . . . Brace ; a woman beautifull 
and very prudent, by whom he has severall children 
(I thinke 10 or 12). 

About a 23, or between that and thirty, he grew (upon 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. in. 

* Aubrey notes in the margin in pencil ' From Mr. T. B.,' i.e. Thomas Bigg. 

Edmund Waller 275 

I know not what occasion) mad ; but 'twas (I thinke) not 
long ere a he was cured : this from Mr. Thomas Bigg. 

Non tulit aether eos pectus mortale tumultus. 


Memorandum : he was proud : to such, a check often 
gives that distemper. 

He was passionately in love with Dorothea, the eldest 
daughter of the earle of Leicester 4 , whom he haz eternized 
in his poems: and the earle loved him, and would have 
been contented that he should have had one of the youngest 
+ Mr. Thomas daughters ; perhaps this might be the check f. 

Big of Wick ham ITT 11 /-r -.IT* \ 

haz been dead . . . Waller (I thinke, Walter) was his 

these 20 yeares, x~t ,, ^> 

who could have tutor at King s College, Cambridge, who was 

told me the 

cause, i beieeve a very learned man, and was afterwards vicar 
Yo a Lee'ho r w '' o f Broad Chalke, Wilts. 

things become 

antiquated. A burghesse in Parliament, for Beconsfield, 

in king James's b time, and has been of all the Parlia- 
ments since the restauration of king Charles II (1680, 
aetat. 74 +). 

One of the first refiners of our English language and 
poetrey. When he was a brisque young sparke, and first 
studyed poetry, ' Methought,' said he, ' I never sawe a good 
copie of English verses ; they want smoothnes ; then 
I began to essay.' I have severall times heard him say, 
that he cannot versify when he will ; but when the fitt 
comes upon him, he does it easily, i. e. in plaine termes, 
when his Mercurius and Venus are well aspected. 

He told me he was not acquainted with Ben. Johnson 
(who dyed about 1638), but familiarly with Lucius, lord 
Falkland ; Sydney Godolphin, Mr. Hobbes ; &c. 

He was very much admired at Court before the late 
civill warres. 164-, he being then a member of the House 
of Commons, he was committed prisoner to the Tower, for 
the plott, with (Nathaniel) Tomkins (his cosen-germane) 
*and (Richard) Chaloner, for firing the City of London, and 

a Subst. for ' before.' b Anthony Wood objects ' quaere.' 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. HI*. 

T 2, 

276 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

delivering the Parliament, etc. to the King's partie : vide 
Transactions of those times. He had much adoe then to 
save his life, and in order to it, sold his estate in Bedford- 
shire, about* 1300 li. per annum, to Dr. Wright, M.D. for 
10,000 /z'., (much under value) which was procured in 24 
hours' time, or els he had been hanged (quaere E. Wyld,esq.). 
With which money he bribed the whole House, which was 
the first time a House of Commons was ever bribed. His 
excellent rhetoricall speech to the House (vide his speech 
to save his life), as also his panegyrique to Oliver, Lord 
Protector, he would not suffer to be inserted in the edition 
of his Poems since the restauration of king Charles II. 

After he had obtayned his pardon of the Parliament, he 
went to France, where he stayed . . . yeares, and was 
there very kindly recieved, and esteemed. Anno Domini 
... he returned into England. 

When king Charles II returned, he recieved Mr. Waller 
very kindly, and no man's conversation is more esteemed 
at court now then his. The dutches of Yorke (daughter 
to the duke of Modena) very much delights (in) his 
company, and hath layed her commands on him to 
write, which he hath dedicated to her highnes. 

His intellectualls are very good yet b (1680), and makes 
verses ; but he growes feeble. He wrote verses of the 
Bermudas 5 yeares since, upon the information of one 
that had been there ; walking in his fine woods, the poetique 
spirit came upon him. 

He is of somewhat above a middle stature, thin body, 
not at all robust : fine thin skin, his face somewhat of an 
olivaster ; his hayre frizzd, of a brownish colour ; full eye, 
popping out and working : ovall faced, his forehead high 
and full of wrinckles. His head but small, braine very 
hott, and apt to be cholerique Qudnto doctior, eo ira- 
cundior. ClCERO. He is something magisteriall, and haz c 
a great mastership of the English language. He is of 
admirable and gracefull elocution, and exceeding ready. 

Subst. for 1,500 li: b Subst. for ' still.' 

c Subst. for ' is revered ' (as having). 

Edmund Waller 277 

He has spent most of his time in London, especially in 
winter ; but oftentimes in the summer he enjoyes his muse 
at Beconsfield, which is incomparable aire, and where are 
delicious walks in the woods. Now I speake of woods, I re- 
member he told us there, that he cutt downe and grubbed-up 
a beech wood of his, at Beconsfield in Bucks, and without 
soweing, but naturally, there grew up a a wood all of birch. 

A. D. ... he was admitted a fellow of the Royall 

He haz but a tender weake body,, but was alwayes very 
temperate. . . . (quaere Samuel Butler) made him damn- 
able drunke at Somerset-house, where, at the water- 
stayres, he fell downe, and had a cruell fall. 'Twas pitty 
to use such a sweet swan so inhumanely *. 

** He hath a great memory, and remembers a history, 
etc. etc. best when read to him : he uses to make his 
daughters read to him. Yet, notwithstanding his great 
witt and mastership in rhetorique, etc. he will oftentimes 
be guilty of mispelling in English. He writes a lamentably 
(bad) hand, as bad (as) the scratching of a hen. 

I have heard him say that he so much admired 
Mr. Thomas Hobbes' booke De Cive, when it came forth, 
that he was very desirous to have it donne into English, 
and Mr. Hobbes was most willing it should be done by 
Mr. Waller's hand, for that he was so great a master of 
our English language. Mr. Waller freely promised him 
to doe it, but first he would desire Mr. Hobbes to make 
an essaye ; he (T. H.) did the first booke, and did it so 
extremely well, that Mr. Waller would not meddle with 
it b , for that nobody els could doe it so well. Had he 
thought he coulcl have better performed it, he would have 
himselfe been the translator. 

Memorandum: his Speech against Ship-money which 
is in his booke of Poems : his Panegyrique to Oliver the 
Protector I have : and also to King Charles II. 

a Dupl. with ' sprang.' b Subst. for ' undertake it, for that 

* Explicit fol. m v . it could not be done better.' 

** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 113. 

278 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

He sayes that he was bred under severall ill, dull, 
ignorant schoolmasters, till he went to Mr. Dobson, at 
. . . Wickham, who was a good schoolmaster, and had 
been an Eaton scholar. 

Memorandum : later end of Aug. 1680, he wrote verses, 
called ' Divine Love,' at the instance and request of the 
lady viscountesse Ranulagh. 

He missed a the Provostship of Eaton Colledge, (Feb.) 
1680 (i. e. f ) ; (Zachary Cradock) haz it. 

* He lies buried in the church-yard (south east of the 
church), where his grandfather and father were buried. This 
burying-place (is) railed about like a pound, and about 
that bignesse. There is a walnut tree planted, that is, 
perhaps, 50 yeares old : (the walnut tree is their crest.) 
There are nine graves or cippi, no gravestone or inscription. 
They lye thus : 

** From Capt. Edmund Hamden, his cousin-german, 
1690: Edmund Waller, esq., was borne in the parish of 
Agmundesham, in Buckinghamshire, at a place called 
Winchmore-hill, which was sold by his father, and which 
he had a very great desire to have bought again, not long 
before his death, but the owner would not sell it : part of 
the house haz been new-built, but the roome wherein he 
was borne is yet standing. Said he, to his cousin Hamden, 
A stagge, when he is hunted, and neer spent, alwayes 
returnes home. He dyed at 83, and his witt was as florid 

* Dupl. with lost.' * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 112. 

** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 113. 

Edmund Waller 279 

then as at any time of his life. He derived his poetick a 
witt from the Hamdens ; severall of them have been poets. 

Whereas Rutt, that kept the . . . Inne (the Crowne, 
I thinke) at Beconsfield, told me, many yeares since, that 
he had been distempered ; captain Hamden affirmes it is 
false; but his brother was a foole, as to discourse or 
businesse, but was very learned. And whereas Dr. {Peter} 
Birch told me that he had a prodigiouse memorie ; his 
sonnes affirme that he had no good memorie, and was 
never good to learn e a thing by heart, but some things 
that pleased him he did strongly retaine. 

* Captain Hamden told me that the soldiers came 
to Beconsfield to search for money ; his mother told them 
if they would goe along with her, she would shew them 
where she had buried five thousands pounds, and had them 

t 4 or 6 verses to the hoUSC of office. 

** Edmund Waller, esq., poet : Mr. Chris- 
y inai topher Wase repeating to him the bitter saty- 
wood y > ny ricall verses f made on Sir Carre Scroop, viz. 

Thy brother murdred, and thy sister whor'd, 

Thy mother too and yet thy penne 's thy sword ; 

Mr. Waller replyed sur le champ 'that men write ill 
things well and good things ill ; that satyricall b writing 
was downehill, most easie and naturall ; that at Billingsgate 
one might hear great heights of such witt ; that the cursed 
earth naturally produces briars and thornes and weeds, but 
roses and fine flowers require cultivation.' 

All his writings are free from offence. 

His poems are reprinted now (1682) by his owne orders 
and his pictures (young and old) before it, and underneath 
Sed Carmina major imago. 

OviD. (Trist. I. vii. n.) 

[Edmund Waller c : ] he made some verses of his owne 
dyeing, but a fortnight, or little more, before his decease. 

a Subst. for ' poetique.' b Dupl. with ' scommaticall.' 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 112*. c Inserted by Anthony Wood. 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 9*. 

280 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 


1 In MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 112, not in Aubrey's handwriting, is the same Thema 
genethliacon, with the judgement upon it. There Aubrey notes : 

' This account I had from Dr. (Peter) Birch, minister of St. James's, who 
maried one of Mr- Waller's daughters.' 

The conclusion of the judgement there is : 

t 'Tis a mistake: ' Natus a P ud Colshi11 1 in agro Hartfordiensi juxta . . . 
vide next leafe Denatus Oct. 2O, 1687; sepultus Beconsfield in agro Bucking- 
<i.e. fol. 113). hamiensi. Pater, Robertus Waller; mater, Anne Hamden.' 

2 Aubrey notes that he was of Cambr.', and gives in colours the coat ' sable, 
3 walnut leaves in bend between two bendlets or.' Also, he notes (a) ' vide 
Heralds' Office ' ; () ' gett his natjvity ' see supra, p. 273. 

s Gerard Dobson, M.A., Magd. Coll., Oxon. 1613, Vicar of High Wycombe 

4 Dorothy, daughter of Robert Sydney, 2nd earl of Leicester, married Henry 
Spencer, 3rd baron Spencer of Wormleighton, created earl of Sunderland in 
June, 1643, and killed at Newbury Sept. 20, 1643. 

John Wallis (1616-1703). 

* John Wallis, D.D. I find at Lid in Kent that his 
father was Mr. John Wallis, minister of Ashford, in Kent. 

** John Wallis x , D.D., was borne at Ashford, in the 
county of Kent, Anno Domini (1616). His father was 
minister there. He went to schoole there. 

At ... yeares old he was admitted at Emanuel Colledge 
in Cambridge ; ' ubi fuit alumnus, deinde Collegii Reginalis 
ibidem socius ' (Mr. Oughtred's preface to his Clavis). Anno 
(163!) A.B. ; anno (1640) M.A. He was a good student, 
but fell not to the study of the mathematiques till he was 
above twenty. 

A 2 remarkable passage of his life, was, that he 
was a witnesse of W. Laud's (archbishop of Canterbury) 
tryall, for his introducing popish innovations into the 
University of Cambridge : see Canterbury's Doome, printed 
1646, pag. 73, and elswhere. The first remarqueable 
passage of his life wa's his decyphering the letters of King 
Charles I taken at the battle at Nasby, which booke is 
called The King's Cabinet Opened, printed at London, . . . 
Anno . . . was scolar to Mr. W. Oughtred. 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 6 T . ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 94^. 

John IVallis 281 

Anno 164(9) after the Visitation by the Parliament, he 
came to Oxon, and was made Savillian Professor of 
Geometric. . . ., (elected) Fellow of the Royall Societie. 
Great a contests between him and Mr. Thomas Hobbes, of 
Malmesbury: sure their Mercuries are in Q b or opposition. 
Anno Domini 1657, he gott himselfe to be chosen by 
t vide Henry unjust mcanes f to be Gustos Archivorum of the 
IXS ( University of Oxon, at which time Dr. (Richard) 
clse fe s s t s ated? Zouch had the majority of voyces, but because 
dehoc ' who haz Dr. Zouch was a malignant (as Dr. Wallis 
openly protested, and that he had talked 
against Oliver), he was putt aside. Now, for the Savillian 
Professor to hold another place besides, is so downeright 
against Sir Henry Savile's statutes, that nothing can be 
imagined more ; and if he does, he is downeright perjured. 
Yet the Dr. is allowed to keepe the other place still. 

Anno (1654) he tooke his degree of Doctor, at the Act, 
at Oxon, and went out grand-compounder (which costes 
2CO/Z.), only that he might take place of Dr. Seth Ward, 
who was about a yeare his senior. In 1661 Dr. Ward was 
made deane of Exon, and the next yeare bishop of the 
same place ; and so Dr. Wallis's 200 li. was meerly cast 
away. The bishop protested he was troubled for the losse 
of his brother Wallis's two hundred pounds. 

He hath writt severall treatises, and well ; and to give 
him his due prayse, hath exceedingly well deserved of the 
commonwealth of learning, perhaps no mathematicall 
writer so much. 

'Tis certaine that he is a person of reall worth, and may 
stand 3 with much glory upon his owne basis, needing not 
(to) be beholding to any man for fame, of which he is 
so extremely greedy, that he steales flowers from others 
to adorne his owne cap. e. g. he lies at watch, at 
Sir Christopher* Wren's discourse, Mr. Robert Hooke's, 
Dr. William Holder d , &c. ; putts downe their notions in 

& Dupl. with ' irreconcileable.' * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 95. 

b Dupl. with ' square.' d See vol. i. p. 404. 

c Dupl. with ' might precede.' 

282 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

his note booke, and then prints it, without owneing the 
authors. This frequently, of which they complaine. 

But though he does an injury to the inventors, he does 
good to learning, in publishing such curious notions, which 
the author (especially Sir Christopher Wren) might never 
have the leisure to write of himselfe. 

When Mr. Oughtred's Clavis Mathematica was printed at 
Oxford (editio tertia, with additions), Mr. W. O., a in his 
preface, gives worthy characters of severall young mathe- 
maticians that he enformed, and, amongst others, of John 
Wallis, who would be so kind to Mr. Oughtred, as to take 
the paines to correct the presse, which the old gentleman 
doth with respect there thus acknowledge, after he hath 
enumerated his titles and preferments ; viri ingemd, pii, 
industrii, in omni reconditiore literatura versatissimi, in 
rebus M athematicis admodum perspicacis, et in enodatione 
explicationeque scriptorum intricatissimis Zipherarum in- 
volucris occultatorum (quod ingenii subtilissimi argumentum 
est) ad miraciihtm foelicis. This last, of the cyphers, was 
added by Dr. Wallis himselfe ; which when, the booke 
being printed, the old gentleman sawe, he was much 
vexed at it ; and sayd, that he had thought he had given 
him sufficient prayse, with which he might have rested b 

He maried . . . and haz a good temporall estate in Kent. 
. . . He has only two daughters, handsome young gentle- 
woemen ; one maried to Mr. . . . Blencowe, of Middleton- 
Cheyney, in ... 

He lives at a well-built house, near New Colledge, in Oxon ; 
is a Justice of the Peace there, and has been 167-, 1679, 

Catalogus librorum ab illo scriptorum. 


1 Aubrey gives in colours the coat, 'gules, a bend ermine.' In MS. Aubr. 8, 
fol. 6 V , he gives in trick, for John Wallis, the coat, ' ermine, a bend argent.' 

a Dupl. with the author.' b Dupl. with ' been.' 

Lucy IV alters. Seth Ward 283 

2 This sentence stood at first : ' The first remarkable passage of his life was 
that he was an instrument of fetching Laud's (archbishop of Canterbury) head 
of, by being a witnesse at the tryall.' Then Aubrey noted in the margin : 
' Quaere which of these (i.e. Laud's trial, or the king's letters infra) was first 
in time ' ; and afterwards altered the sentence to what it now is. 

3 A duplicate draft of this sentence is ' and may stand very gloriously upon 
his owne basis, and need not be beholding to any man for fame, yet he is so 
extremely greedy of glorie, that he steales feathers from others to adorne 

Lucy Walters. 

* Memorandum : Mr. Freeman (who marled the lady 
Lake) has the duke of Monmouth's mother's Mrs. Lucy a 
Walters, who could deny nobody picture, very like her, at 
Stanmore neer Harrow-on-the-hill. 

Seth Ward (i6i7-i68f). 
(Birth and education.) 

** Seth Ward 1 , lord bishop of Sarum, was borne at 
Buntingford, a small market-towne in Hartfordshire, anno 
Domini i6i8 b , December the . . ., (when the great blazing 
starre appeared). His father was an attorney there, and of 
a very honest repute. 

At (16) yeares old he went to Sydney Colledge in Cam- 

bridge ; he was servitor f to Dr. (Samuel) Ward (Master of 

the Colledge, and Professor of Divinity), who, 

t Expunge ..... . 

servitour,' being much taken with his ingenuity and 

euphoniae . 

gratia. MS. industry, as also with his suavity of nature, 
quickly made him scholar of the howse, and 
after, fellowe. Though he was of his name, he was not 
at all akinne to him (which most men imagined because of 
the great kindnesse to him) ; but the consimility of their 
dispositions was a greater tye of friendship then that of 
blood, which signifies but little, as to that point. 

{ Mathematical studies. } 

His father taught him common arithmetique, and his 
genius lay much to the mathematiques, which being naturall 
to him, he quickly and easily attained. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 101. ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 86. 

a Subst. for ' Betty.' b See infra, p. 290. 

284 A ubrey's 'Brief L ives ' 

Sir Charles Scarborough, M.D. (then an ingeniose young 
student, and fellowe quaere of Caius Colledge in Cam- 
bridge), wag his great acquaintance ; both students in 
mathematiques ; which the better to perfect, they went to 
Mr. Willam Oughtred, at Albury in Surrey, to be enformed 
by him in his Clavis Mathematica, which was then a booke 
of aenigmata. Mr. Oughtred treated them with exceeding 
humanity, being pleased at his heart when an ingeniose 
young man came to him that would ply his Algebra hard. 
When they returned to Cambridge, they read the Clavis 
Mathematica to their pupills, which was the first time that 
that booke was ever read in a a university. Mr. Laurence 
Rooke, a good mathematician and algebrist, (and I thinke 
had also been Mr. Oughtred's disciple b ) was his great 
acquaintance. Jj^Mr. Rooke (I remember) did read (and 
that admirably well) on the sixth chapter of the Clavis 
Mathematica in Gresham Colledge. 

( Ejected from Cambridge. ) 

Anno Domini 164(4), at the breaking out of the civill 
warres, he was a prisoner, together with Dr. (Samuel) 
Ward, Dr. (Samuel) Collins, Sir Thomas Hatton, &c. for c 
the king's cause, in St. John's Colledge in Cambridge, and 
was d putt out of his fellowship at Sydney Colledge. Being 
gott out of prison, he was very civilly and kindly received 
by his friend and neighbour, Ralph Freeman, of Apsten, 
esq., a vertuous and hospitable gentleman, where he 
continued . . . 

(Professor in Oxford.) 

Anno Domini (1648) the Visitation of the Parliament was 
Oxford, and turned out a great many professors and 
fellowes. The Astronomy Reader (Dr. e (John) Greaves) 

a Dupl. with the.' c Subst. for ' upon.' 

b Dupl. with ' scholar.' The refer- d Dupl. with ' was sequestred.' 

ence is added ' vide pag. d.', i.e. fol. e ' Dr.' is erased : Greaves was 

6 T , the life of Laurence Rooke, q.v. M.A. only. 

Seth Ward 285 

being sure to be ejected, Seth Ward, A.M. (living 3 then with 
my lord Wenman, in Oxfordshire, and . . . Greaves was 
unwilling to be turned out of his place, but desired to resigne 
it rather to some worthy person, wherupon Dr. Charles 
Scarborough and William Holder, D.D. recommended to 
. . . Greaves, their common friend, Mr. Seth Ward) was 
invited to succeed him, and came from Mr. Freeman's to 
Oxford, had the Astronomy Professor's place, and lived at 
Wadham Colledge, where he conversed with the warden, 
Dr. John Wilkins. 

{First ecclesiastical dignity.) 

* Anno Domini 1 65- (quaere), he had from B(rownrigg) 
bishop of Exon, the grant of the chanter's place of Exon, 
which then signified nothing 

{President of Trinity College ', Oxford.) 

Anno Domini 165(9) William Hawes, . . . b , then pre- 
sident of Trinity Colledge in Oxford, having broken in his 
lunges a vein (which was not curable), Mr. Ward being very 
well acquainted and beloved in that colledge; by the consent 
of all the fellowes, William Hawes resigned up his president- 
ship to him, and dyed some few dayes after 2 . Anno 1660, 
upon the restauration of King Charles II, Dr. Hannibal 
Potter (the president sequestred by the Parliamentary 
Visitors) re-enjoyed the presidentship again. 

** Dr. Seth Ward, now bishop of Sarum, when he was 
president of Trinity College, Oxon, did draw his geometri- 
call schemes with black, red, yellow, green, and blew inke to 
avoid the perplexity of A, B, C, etc. 

{His doctorate,) 
*** I should have said that, anno 165(4), he c tooke his 

a The passage in brackets was b Space left for Hawes' degree, i. e. 

added by Aubrey in the margin. He M.A. 

ought then to have changed * Mr. ** MS. Aubr. 10, fol. 24 V . 

Freeman's' infra to 'lord Wen- *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 86*. 

man's.' c Anthony Wood writes over, for 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 86 V . clearness sake, * Dr. Ward.' 

286 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

degree of doctor in Divinity, at the Act, at Oxford, at the 
same time with Dr. John Wallis. 

{Church preferment.) 

He then enjoyed his chanter's place at Excester, and, 
I thinke, was certainly minister of St. Laurence {Jewry) 
church (quaere) in London. 

Anno Domini 166(1), the deane of Exondyed, and then 
it was his right to step-in next to the deanry. 

{Becomes bishop of Exeter.) 

Anno Domini 1663, the bishop of Exon dyed : Dr. Ward, 

the deane, was in Devonshire at that time, at ... (I thinke 

'twas Taverstoke), at a visitation at . . ., t where 

t Vide the r ' 

Mercuriusoi were a great number of the gentrey of the 
quaere H.' countrey. Deane Ward was very well knowne 

Broome for it. 11-1 

to the gentry, and his learning, prudence, and 
comity had wonne them b all to be his friends. The 
newes of the death of the bishop being brought to them, 
who were all very merry and rejoycing with good entertain- 
ment, with great alacrity the gentlemen cryed all, uno ?/;/<? c , 
' Wee will have Mr. Deane d to be our Bishop/ This was 
at that criticall time when the House of Commons were the 
king's darlings. The deane told them that for his part he 
had no interest or acquaintance at Court ; but intimated to 
them how much the king esteemed the members of parlia- 
ment (and a great many Parliament men were then there), 
and that his majestic would deny them nothing. ' If 'tis 
so, gentlemen ' (sayd Mr. Deane), * that you will needes 
have me to be your bishop, if some of you make your 
t sir Edward addresse to his majestic, 'twill be donne.' With 
..; ...''.'..'-, that theyf dranke the other glasse, a health 

to the king, and another to their wished-for 
bishop ; had their horses presently made ready, putt 

* Henry Broome, or Brome, a b Dupl. with ' wonne their love.' 

Lender bookseller : MS. Aubr. 26, c A slip for ' uno ore.' 

fol. 64. a < \Vard ' followed : scored out. 

Seth Ward 287 

foot in stirrup, and away they rode merrily to London ; 
went to the king, and he immediately graunted them 
their request. This is the first time that ever a bishop was 
made by the House of Commons. Now, though envy 
cannot deny, that this worthy person was very well worthy 
any preferment could be conferred on him, yet the old 
bishops (e. g. Humphrey (Henchman), bishop of London ; 
John Cosins, bishop of Durham ; etc.)* were exceedingly 
disgruntled at it, to see a briske young bishop that could 
see through all their formall gravity, but 40 yeares old, not 
come in at the right dore but leape over the pale. It went 
to their very hearts. Well, bishop of Excester he was, to 
the great joy of all the diocese a . Being bishop he had then 
free accesse to his majestic, who is a lover of ingenuity and 
a discerner of ingentose men, and quickly tooke a liking to 

** His great friend and patrone, Dr. (Samuel) Ward, 
. . .; quaere what preferment did Dr. (Seth) Ward give 
him in the Church? 

(Translated to Salisbury. ) 

*** Anno 1667, Alexander Hyde, the bishop of Sarum, 
dyed, and then he was made bishop of Sarum, mense (Sept.) 

(Personal characteristics.) 

He is (without all manner of flattery) so prudent, learned, 
and good a man, that he honours his preferment as much 
as the preferment does him ; and is such a one that cannot 
be advanced too high. My lord (Lucius) Falkland was 
wont to say that he never knew any one that a paire of 
lawne sleeves had not altered from himselfe, but only 
bishop Juxon ; had he knowne this excellent prelate, he 
would have sayd he had knowne one more. As he is the 
pattern of humility and courtesie, so he knowes when to 
be severe and austere ; and he is not one to be trampled 
or worked upon. He is a batchelour, and of a most 
magnificent and munificent mind. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 87. ** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 86 V . 

a Subst. for ' country.' *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 87. 

288 Aubrey's l Brief Lives 9 

He hath been a benefactor to the Royall Societie, (of 
t The beginning which he was one of the first members and 
Ex P perSts Ca11 institutors f), gave them, Anno Domini. . . . li. 

He also gave a noble pendulum clock to the 
wSRaiph 1 Royall Societie (which goes a weeke), to per- 
petuate a the memory of his deare and learned 
friend, Mr. Laurence Rooke. 

Quaere, was the bishop ever professor at Gresham 
College ? 

He gave anno 167-, . . . li. towards the making of the 
river at Salisbury navigable to Christ Church. Anno 1679 
he gave to Sydney Colledge a thousand pounds. 

He haz perused all the records of the Church of Sarum, 
which, with long lyeing, had been conglutinated together ; 
read them all over, and taken abridgements of them, which 
haz not been donne by any of his predecessors I beleeve 
for some hundreds of yeares. 

He had an admirable habit of body (athletique, which 
was a fault), a handsome man, pleasant and sanguine ; he 
did not desire to have his wisdome be judged by the 
gravity of his beard, but his prudence and ratiotination. 
This, methinkes, is strange to consider in him, that being 
a great student (and that of mathematiques and difficult 
knotty points, which does use to make men unfit for 
businesse), he is so cleare and ready, as no sollicitor is 
more adroit for looking after affaires. 

Sicknes b . 

* The black malice of the dean 3 of Sarum he printed 
sarcasticall pamphletts against him was the cause of his 
disturbd spirit, wherby at length he quite lost his memorie. 
For about a moneth before he dyed he tooke very little 
sustenance, but lived on the stock and died a skeleton. 
He deceased at his house at Knightsbridge neer London, 
on Sunday morning, January the sixth, i68| : the Gazetts 

a Dupl. with ' continue.' 

b A memo, to bring in here an account of the bishop's last illness. 

* MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 8. 

Seth Ward 289 

and Newsletters were severally mistaken as to the day 
of his death. This from Mr. Seth Ward, B.D. 

{His burial.) 

* Seth, episcopus Sarum, is buried at Sarum as neer as 
may be to John Davenant, episcopus. 

is papers.) 

** I searcht all Seth, episcopus Sarum's, papers that 
were at his house at Knightsbridge where he dyed : of 
which I will give and bring you an account when I come 
to Oxon about the latter end of this moneth. I have 
taken care with his nephew and heir a to looke over his 
papers in his study at Sarum. He tells me the ctistome 
is, when the bishop of Sarum dies, that * the deane and 
chapter lock-up his studie and put a scale on it.' It was 
not opened lately, but when it is he will give me an 
account for you. 

*** Scripsit : 

That there is a God i6mo : quaere nomen libri. 

Vindiciae, 4to, Oxon. 

. . . contra Thomam Hobbium, 8vo, Oxon. 

Trigonometria, 4to, Oxon. 

Astronomia geometrica, 4to, Oxon. 

Severall sermons, wherof one was at the ftmerall of 
the duke of Albemarle, who was his great friend, and 
whose eies he closed. 

**** Seth Ward, lord bishop of Salisbury, studied the 
common lawe, and I find this paper, which is his owne 
handwriting, amongst his scattered papers which I rescued 
from being used by the cooke since his death, which was 
destinated with other good papers and letters to be put 
under pies. 

***** He writ a reply to Bullialdus, which might be 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 87*. 
386 V : June 29, 1689. **** MS. Aubr. 10, fol. 65. 

** Ibid., fol. 387. ***** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 8. 

* Seth Ward, B.D. 

II. U 


Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

about the bigness of his Astronomia Geometrica, which 
he lent to somebody (forgot), and is lost. In the bishop's 
study are several letters between Bullialdus and him, and 
between Hevelius and him. 

(His foundation at Bunting ford.) 

* At Buntingford, Hertfordshire 4 : 


This hospitall was erected and endowed by Seth Ward, 
D.D., lord bishop of Salisbury and chancellor of the most 
noble order of the Garter, who was born in this towne 
within the parish of Aspden and educated in the free- 
schoole of Buntingford ] 

The bishop's will not observed : the people there say so : 
cosen Freeman* said (so). 

( Corrigendum.) 

** Seth Ward, episcopus Sarum: Whereas I put downe 
in my memorandums, from his owne mouth, viz. that he 
said, occasionally, that 'he was borne when the great 
comet appeared ' (that, I am sure, was in anno 1618); but 
his nephew, Seth Ward, treasurer of the church of Sarum 
and his executor, told me that the last sommer he searched 
in the register at Buntingford where he was born, and finds 
thus : 

* Seth Ward christned April 5, 1617.' 


1 Aubrey gives in trick the coat : ' See of Sarum ; impaling, azure a cross 
moline or/ Dr. Philip Bliss has added the references ' see parts ii and iii,' i. e. 
MSS. Aubr. 7 and 8, as cited supra. 

3 Hawes resigned Sept. 12, and died Sept. 14, 1659. Ward was elected on 
Sept. 14. 

3 Thomas Pierce, installed dean May 4, 1675, died March 28, 1691. Anthony 
Wood comments on Pierce's quarrelsome and tyrannical disposition ; Clark's 
Wood's Life and J^imes, i. 420. 

4 The paragraph in square brackets is a copy of the inscription on the 
building, sent to Aubrey by some correspondent. Over the date is the coat of 
arms, as above, ensigned with a mitre and encircled by the Garter buckle and 


* MS. Aubr. 6, a slip at fol. 86. * Supra, p. 284. 

** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 8. 

Walter Warner 291 

Walter Warner (15 1640). 

* From Dr. John Pell : Mr Walter Warner : his 
youngest brother was High Sheriff of Leicestershire, about 
1642. He and his brother dyed both batchelors. Dr. Pell 
haz seen him that was sheriff; but was well acquainted 
with Walter. The estate came to a middle brother, a 
lame man. 

Walter had but one hand (borne so), he thinks a right 
hand ; his mother was frighted, which caused this deformity, 
so that instead of a left hand, he had only a stump with 
five warts upon it, instead of a hand and fingers. He wore 
a cuffe on it like a pockett. The Doctor never sawe his 
stump, but Mr. Warner's man a has told him so. 

This Walter Warner was both mathematician and philo- 
sopher, and 'twas he that putt-out Thomas Hariot's Algebra, 
though he mentions it not. 

Mr. Warner did tell Dr. Pell, that when Dr. Harvey 
came out with his Circulation of the Blood, he did wonder 
whence Dr. Harvey had it : but comeing one day to the 
earle of Leicester, he found Dr. Harvey in the hall, talking 
very familiarly with Mr. Prothero (Wallick ap Roderic), 
to whom Mr. Warner had discoursed concerning this 
exercitation of his De Circulation* Sangninis, and made 
no question but Dr. Harvey had his hint from Prothero. 
Memorandum : Dr. Pell sayes that Mr. Warner rationated 
demonstratively by beates of the pulses that there must be 
a circulation of the blood. 

When Mr. Hariot dyed, he made Sir Thomas Alesbury 
and Mr. Prothero his executors, by which meanes his 
papers came to be divided into two hands. Those which 
fell to Sir Thomas Alesbury, fell, after his death, to 
his sonne-in-lawe, Edward, earle of Clarendon, Lord 
Chancellor, and in his sonne's hands (this present, 1680, 
earle of Clarendon) 'tis beleeved are those that are 
yet left ; none of them were printed, save that Artis 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 34. * Subst. for < servant.' 

292 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

Analyticae Praxis^ which was printed by Mr. Warner upon 
this occasion, viz. Sir Thomas Alesbury obtained of 
Algernon, earle of Northumberland (son to that earle, 
prisoner in the Tower), a continuation of the annuity, 
dureing Warner's life, upon condition that he should, 
out of Mr. Hariot's papers, drawe out some piece fitt 
to be published a , which he did, under the title aforesayd, 
in folio, 1631, London : but did not sett his name to 
it, and accordingly Warner had his money as long as he 
lived. The other part of Mr. Hariot's papers, which were 
in Mr. Prothero's keeping, came to the hands of the lord 
John Vaughan, eldest son to the earle of Carbery, lately 
governor of Jamaica, which vide. 

Mr. Warner's youngest brother was a good husband and 
an industrious man, and would say that had he so much 
money, he could improve it to very great advantage; 
wherupon his eldest brother (Walter) did lett him sell 
his land, by which meanes.he did so improve his estate 
by graseing, etc. that he became High Sheriff as aforesaid 
(quaere of the attorneys when). Dr. Pell has seen him, 
and spake with him. 

Mr. Walter Warner made an Inverted Logarithmicall 
Table, i. e. whereas Briggs's table fills his margin with 
numbers encreasing by unites, and over-against them setts 
their logarithms, which because of incommensurability must 
needs (be) either abundant or deficient; Mr. Warner (like 
a dictionary of the Latine before the English) fills the 
margin with logarithmes encreasing by unites, and * setts f 
t vide m to everv one f them so many continuall 

Mr ter Hoke's nieane proportionalls between i and io b , and 
response, 1690. ^gy f or ^ e same reason must also have the 
last figure incompleat. These, after the death of Mr. Warner, 
came to the hands of Mr. Herbert Thorndyke, prebendary 
of Westminster, and by him left in the hands of Dr. Richard 
Busby, schoolmaster and prebendary of Westminster, which, 
before Mr. John Pell grew acquainted with Mr. Warner, 

* Subst. for ' printed.' * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 34 V . 

b Anthony Wood marks ' quaere.' 

William Watson. George Webb 293 

were ten thousand, and at Mr. Warner's request were by 
Mr. Pell's hands, or direction, made a hundred thousand. 
The difference of the hands will shew the workman's 
in the originalls, which Dr. Busby haz. 

Memorandum : he wrote a Treatise of Coynes in relation 
to mint affaires, of which Mr. John Collins haz a copie : 
from Mr. Herbert Thorndyke. 

The sixth booke of Optiques in Mergennus is expressly 
his ; the 7th is Mr. Thomas Hobbs's. 

Mr. Tovey, of Leicestershire, was his kinsman : he could 
tell when and where he dyed : from Seth (Ward), bishop 
of Sarum. 

The bishop thinkes he was of Cambridge university, but 
is not certaine. Dr. Pell believes that he was of no 

Quaere Dr. Pell, what is the use of those Inverted 
Logarithmes ? for W. Warner would not doe such a thing 
in vaine. Mr. Tovey was fellowe of Christ College in 
Cambridge ; was beneficed in Leicestershire ; and maried 
a neice of Mr. Warner's ; and from Mr. Tovey they a came 
to Mr. Thorndyke. 

William Watson (15 1603). 

* ... Watson, who wrote the Quodlibets*, was taken 
in a field by the Hay in Herefordshire (or Brecknock- 
shirevide the mapp) by Mr. ... Vaughan, and was 
executed, at Brecknock (as I take it). 'Twas observed 
that Mr. Vaughan did never prosper afterwards. 

George Webb (1581-1641). 

** Dr. ... Webbe, one of king Charles I's chaplaines, 
afterwards bishop of Limrick in Ireland, hath some sermons, 
or divinity, in print ; and a translation of Terence, English 
and Latin. 

a The Tables of Logarithms. ** Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 

* MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 5. 135 : Aug. 9, 1671. 
b Dodd's Church History, ii. 380. 

294 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

He dyed and was buried in Limrick about two or three 
daies before the towne was taken by the Irish, who digged 
up the body again it was about 1642. 

He was of Corpus Christ! College, Oxon : borne at 
Brumhum in Wiltshire. 

* I confess I doe not like that super-zeale in the Canon 
Lawe, not to let alone there the bodys of heretiques. 
It is too inhumane. This, as to the bishop's body being 
digged up again, which I feare was so : for his nephew who 
was his archdeacon, was with him when he dyed and the 
towne taken, and I remember, being then a fresh man, 
I heard him tell the story. He was minister next parish 
to Mr. Hine. 

. . . Webb. 

** Dr. Webb: his way of teaching children, in Duck 
lane. It taught them also to make verses. He wrote 
severall bookes from Mr. Michael Weekes : quaere +. 

John Wells. 

*** John Wells *, esq. : he was borne at . . ., educated 
at ... He was a Roman Catholique. He published an 
excellent treatise of dialling, entituled a : 

Sciographia, or the art of shadowes, plainely demon- 
strating out of the sphaere how to project both great and 
small circles upon any plane whatsoever, with a new 
conceit of the reflecting of the sunne beames upon a 
diall contrived upon a plane which the direct beame can 
never shine upon, together with the manner of cutting the 
five regular Platonical bodies and two other the one of 12, 
the other of 30 rhombes never discovered heretofore, also 
the finding of their declinations and reclinations and 
adorning them with variety of dialls, all performed by 
the doctrine of triangles, and for ease and delight sake 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 144. bishop in Ireland? ' 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 42*. Anthony *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 80*. 

Wood queries: ' Which Dr. Webb do a 'A thick 8vo, printed anno 

you meane? whether him that was a Domini 1635' followed; scored out. 

Sir George Wharton 295 

by helpe of the late invented and worthily admired numbers 
called by the first inventor logorithmes ; by John Wells, 
esquire ; London, printed by Thomas Harper and are to 
be sold in Paul's churchyard at the s'gne of the Bell, 1635. 

Mr. Henry Gellibrand, professor of (Astronomy) at 
Gresham College, hath put a learned preface to it, wherein 
it is mencioned that Mr. Henry Brigges and Mr. Edmund 
Gunter did earnestly sollicite Mr. Wells to publish it. 

* <In> Deptford (church at the) east end (of the) 
south aisle (on a) white marble : 

Memoriae Sacrum. 

Hie sita est Catherina Welles, generosa, 
summae pietatis et virtutis, filia Thomae 
Wailinger armigeri et Benedictae Gonson 

primogenita, uxor charissima Johannis 

Welles armigeri pro regia classe pridem 

diribitoris ejusque navalium armamentorum 

per triginta plus annos totius Angliae generalis 

custodis, cui septem filios sexque filias 

feliciter enixa est, quarum duo nati 
tres natae hie una cum ilia contumulantur. 

Animam coelo pie reddidit 5 Julii 1634 

aetatis 47 felicem in Christo resurrectionem 

indubitanter expectans. 

Ad maritum superstitem. 

Pignora conjugii remanent tibi plurima nostri, 

Pluraque praemisit mors mihi dira rogo : 
Parte fruor tumulo, reliqua tibi prole relicta ; 
Festina charos lentus ad hos cineres. 


1 In MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 8o v , Aubrey drew the coat : ' argent, a chevron vert 
powdered with ermine spots of the first between 3 martletts sable,' but crossed 
it out with the note 'false.' On fol. 81 he gives a coat, as carved on the 
monument there described : ' or, a lion rampart within a bordure engrailed 
sable, a crescent for difference; impaling, gules, a fess verry between 3 
(pheasants, I thinke) or'; and adds 'the lord Wells tempore (Henr. VII) 
gave this coate.' 

Sir George Wharton (1617-1681). 

** Sir George Wharton, baronet, treasurer and paymaster 
to the office of his majestie's Ordinance, dyed at his howse 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 81. ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 97. 

296 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

at Enfield, I2th of August 1681, and lyes buryed in the 
Tower chapell, 25 of August following. 


At the end of this note Anthony Wood has added the reference 'see p. 39 b,' 
i.e. fol. 9O T of the MS., where is the note ' Sir George Wharton, baronet, obiit 
in Turri London, ubi sepultus est, Aug. loth 1681.' Wood has noted there ' in 
page 45,' i. e. fol. 97, ut supra, ' you say 1 2 August.' Aubrey there gives in 
trick the coat : ' (sable), a maunch (argent), on a canton . . ., a lion's gamb,' 
and adds ' sans bordure, quod N.B.' On fol. 9 V of the MS. is still another 
version : ' Sir George Wharton, knight, buryed at the Tower chapel (quaere), 
26 August, Friday, 1681 ' ; and Wood there objects ' in page 45, you say 
25 August: see page 39 b.' 

Diggory Wheare (1574-1647). 

* Mr. Gibbon, Blewmantle, showed me in an old 
collection in MSS., avowp&s, that in anno 1634 was the 
number of 92 students in Glocester Hall, Degory Whear 
then master there. 

Abraham Wheloc. 

** . . . Wheelock, (a) simple man (from Seth Ward) 
bishop of Sarum. 


Abraham Wheloc printed notes on Bede, Camb. 1643. How thoroughly 
Anthony Wood used up every scrap of opinion he received is shown by the 
fact that even this expression (of Wheloc's ' simplicity ') is taken up by him : 
see Clark's Wood's Life and Times, iv. 258. 

Daniel Whistler (1619-1684). 

*** Dr. Daniel Whistler borne at Walthamstowe a in 

**** Daniel Whistler, M.D., dyed (May IT, 1684), 
president of the Physitians' College. 

* MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 9 V . In the Trin. Coll. Oxon. register, 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 6 V . where he was adm. Scholar May 28, 

*** MS. Aubr. 9, a slip pasted on to 1635, act. 16, he is entered as of 

fol. 27*. Also noted by Aubrey in MS. * Elvington in Goringe parish, Oxon.' 

Ballard 14, fol. 113*; Nov. 7, 1674. **** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 6. 

James Whitney. John Whitson 297 

James Whitney (1593-166-). 

* Parson Whitney was a great nomenclator of Oxford 
men, being an old fellow there ; and were he alive now 
would be 81. 

** My old cosen, parson Whitney, told me that in the 
visitation of Oxon in Edward VI's time they burned 
mathematical bookes for conjuring bookes, and, if the 
Greeke professor had not accidentally come along, the 
Greeke testament had been thrown into the fire for a 
conjuring booke too. 

John Whitson (1557-1629). 

*** John Whitson, alderman of the city of Bristol. 
John Whitson was borne at Cover in the Forest of Deane 
in the countie of Glocester. He went to schoole at Bristow, 
where he made a good proficience in the Latin tongue. He 
was bound apprentice to alderman Vawr, a Spanish merchant 
of this city. He was a handsome young fellow ; and his 
old master the alderman being dead, his mistress one day 
called him into the wine-cellar and bad him broach the 
best butt in the cellar for her ... His mistresse after 
maried him. This story will last perhaps as long as 
Bristol is a city. 

He had a good naturall witt, and gaind by the Spanish 
trade a fair estate. 

His second wife was ... the daughter of ... Hine, 
alderman of London, a very beautifull dame, as by her 
picture, at length, in the dining rome, doeth appear. By 
her he had a daughter, his only child, who was counted the 
flower of Bristol, who was maried to Sir Thomas Trenchard 
of Dorsetshire, who dyeing (together with her child), the 
alderman gave him compensation for the mannour of 
Dunderhill a and had it again. 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, *** MS - Aubr - 8 > fol - IO 4- 

fol. 234 : Nov. 15, 1673. a Which he had given Trenchard as 

** Ibid., fol. 282* : Oct. 24, 1674. dowry with his daughter. 

298 Aubreys 'Brief Lives' 

His third wife was ... by whom he had no issue. His 
fourth and last wife was Rachel, daughter of Richard 
Danvers of Tokenham, Wilts, esq., relict of John Aubrey 
of Burleton in the county of Hereford, esq. (my father 
Richard Aubrey being then eleaven yeares of age). He had 
no issue by her. The alderman made him a a good 
falkoner, but did cutt downe his woods and never made him 
any satisfaction : but lett his good workes be sett in balance 
against it. 

He lived nobly ; kept a plentifull table ; and was the 
most popular magistrate b in the city, alwaies chosen 
a member of Parliament. He kept a noble house, and did 
entertain and treat the peers and great persons that came 
to the city. He kept his hawkes. 

I remember five that had been bred-up under him, but 
not one of them came to good, they lived so luxuriously, 
just as the servants of Sir John Robinson, governor of the 

He had a very good healthy constitution, and was an 
early riser ; wrote all his letters and dispatched his businesse 
betime in the morning. 

He was charitable in his life in breeding-up of poor 
scholars : particularly I remember William Haywood, D.D., 
whome he preferred to St. John's Colledge in Oxon, 
where are * certaine Bristowe fellowships. His father was 
a cowper in Ballance Street ; his mother, whom I well 
remember, was a midwife in the city. 

He had a fair house in St. Nicholas Street, where is the 
stateliest dining roome in the city. He had been thrice 
mayor of this city, as is to be seen in the table of mayors 
in St. Nicholas Street in golden letters. 

His beloved and only daughter dyeing, and so being 
or bus, Richard Wheeler his nephew, who was bred a mer- 
chant under him with others, was his heir ; but he proving 
a sott and a capricious coxcombe, he setled all his estate 
upon the city of Bristow for pious uses, and was, I doe 

* i. e. Richard Aubrey, his step-son. * MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 104'. 

b Dupl. with 'man.' c Subst. for 'stately.' 

Thomas Whyte. John Wilkins 299 

believe, the greatest benefactor that ever the city had. He 
gave the mannour of Durdery and the mannour of Burnet 
and divers houses in Bristowe. 

He dyed about the seaventy-sixth yeare of his age by 
a fall from his horse, his head pitching on a nail that stood 
on its head by a smyth's shop. He was buried very 
honourably a ; besides all his relations in mourning, he had 
as many poor old men (or men and woemen) as he was 
yeares old in mourning gownes and hoodes, the mayor and 
aldermen in mourning ; all the trained band (he was their 
colonel) attended the funerall and their pikes had black 
ribons and drummes were covered with black cloath. 

He lies interred in the west end of the ' Crowd ' (the 
name of the vault under all St. Nicholas Church, as St. 
Faith's was under St. Paule's), where he lies in effigie on an 
altar-monument of alabaster and marble. |$gf See his 

Thomas Whyte (1582-1676). 

* Memorandum : Mr. John Davys of Kyd welly tells 
me that Mr. Thomas Whyte (Blacklowe), author of De 
mundO) etc., dyed in Drury lane about 7 yeares since and is 
buried in St. Giles's Church in the fields. Quaere ubi : as 
also where his brother Richard is buried ? 

John Wilkins (1614-1672). 

** Bishop J. Wilkins : the little picture in 8vo (is) most 
like him. 

*** John Wilkins, Lord Bishop of Chester; his father 
was a goldsmith in Oxford. Mr. Francis Potter knew him 
very well, and was wont to say that he was a very ingeniose 
man, and had a very mechanicall head. He was much for 
trying of experiments, and his head ran much upon the 

a Dupl. with ' with a great deale of gives in trick the coat : See of 

state.' Chester ; impaling, argent, on a bend 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 2. engrailed cottised sable, 3 martlets 

** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 6 V . or, a crescent for difference.' 
*** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 92. Aubrey 

3oo Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

perpetuall motion. He maryed a daughter of Mr. John 
Dod (who wrote on the Commandments), at whose house, 
at (Fawlsley, near Daventry), Northamptonshire, she 
laye-in with her son John, of whome we are now to 

He had a brother (Timothy), squier-beadle of (Divinity) 
in Oxford, and a uterine brother, Walter Pope, M.D. 

He had his grammar learning in Oxford, (I thinke from 
Mr. Sylvester). He was admitted of Magdalen -hall in 
Oxford, (1627) (vide A. Wood's Antiq. Oxon.\ His tutor 
there was the learned Mr. John Tombs (Coryphaeus of the 
Anabaptists). Anno Domini (1631) A. B. ; Anno Domini 
(1634) M.A. He read to pupils here, (among others, 
Walter Charlton, M.D., was his pupill) : he continued 
here . . . yeares. 

He hassayd oftentimes that the first rise, or hint of his rising, 
was from goeing accidentally a courseing of a hare : where 
an ingeniose gentleman of good quality falling into discourse 
with him, and finding him to have a very good witt a , told 
him that he would never gett any considerable preferment 
by continuing in the university ; and that his best way was 
to betake himselfe to some lord's or great person's house b 
that had good benefices to conferre. Sayd Mr. J. Wilkins, 
* I am not knowne in the world ; I know not to whom to 
addresse myselfe upon such a designe.' The gentleman 
replied, ' I will recommend you myselfe,' and did so, to (as 
I thinke) lord viscount Say and Scale (quaere), where he 
stayed with very good likeing till the late civill warres, and 
then he was chaplain to his highnesse (Charles Louis) 
Prince Elector Palatine of the Rhine, with whom he went 
t Quaere (after the peace f concluded in Germany c ), 

and was well preferred there by his highnesse. 
He stayed there . . . (not above a yeare). 

After the Visitation at Oxon by the Parliament, he gott 
to be Warden of Wadham Colledge. Anno (1656) maried 
to (Robina) the relict of Dr. (Peter) French, canon of 

* Dupl. with ' partes.' b Dupl. with c family.' 

Subst. for * after the peace in Germany was made.' 

John Wilkins 301 

Christchurch, Oxon, and sister to Oliver, (then) Lord 
Protector, who a made him anno 165(1) Master of Trinity 
Colledge in Cambridge, (in which place he revived learning 
by strickt examinations at elections: he was much honoured 
there, and heartily loved by all ;) where he continued till 
1660, (the restauration of his majestic). Then he was 
minister of Saint Laurence (Jewry) church in London ; and 
anno . . . was deane of Rippon in Yorkeshire. His friend, 
Seth Ward, D.D., being made bishop of Excester, he was 
made there deane, and anno 166(8) by the favour of 
George, duke of Buckingham, was made bishop * of 
Chester ; and was extremely well beloved in his diocese. 
Anno Domini (1672) he dyed of (the stone). He left 
a legacy of four hundred pounds (quaere) to the Royall 
Society, and had he been able would have given more. 
He was no great read man ; but one of much and deepe 
thinking, and of a working head ; and a prudent man as 
well as ingeniose. He was one of Seth, lord bishop of 
Sarum's most intimate friends. He was a lustie, strong 
growne, well sett, broad shoulderd person, cheerfull, and 

He was the principall reviver of experimentall philosophy 
(secundum mentem domini Baconi) at Oxford, where he 
had weekely an experimentall philosophicall clubbe, which 
began 1649, and was the incunabula of the Royall Society. 
When he came to London, they mett at the Bull-head 
taverne in Cheapside, (e.g. 1658, 1659, and after), till it 
grew to big for a clubb, and so they came to Gresham 
colledge parlour. 

Scripsit (vide A. Wood's Antiq. Oxon.} : 
The World in the Moone, . . . (long since). 
Swift and Secret Messenger. 
Art of Praying and Preaching. 

Mathematicall Magique : dedicated to the Prince Elector; 
printed . . . 

Reall Character : London, printed . . . 

In error for Richard Cromwell. * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 92*. 

302 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

This last was his darling, and nothing troubled him so 
much when he dyed, as that he had not compleated it ; 
which will now in a yeare more be donne by the care and 
studies of Mr. Robert Hooke, of Gresham College ; Mr. 
Andrew Paschall, B.D. of Chedzoy, in com. Somerset ; 
Mr. Francis Lodwyck, of London, merchant ; Mr. John 
Ray, R.S.S., of Essex ; and Mr. Thomas Pigott, M.A. 
(Wadham College). He lyes buried in the north-east end of 
the chancell of St. Laurence . . . church, neer the wall, 
where will be an inscription sett up to his memorie. 

John Willis. 

* John Willis, B.D. author of the Art of Memorie, in 
Latin, ]6i8, i2mo. Dr. Davenant told me that when he 
was of Cambridge, that one preaching at St. Marie's ' and 
now,' said he (before he was aware) ' I am come to the lyon's 
taile'; this was (it seemes) his locus*: the people stared 
on him, 

Inventor of Short-hand, 'tis the best. Bishop Wilkins 
sayd, 'tis only used in England, or by the English ; and b 
'twas a good while before the logarithmes gott beyond sea. 
Mr. Wingate first brought it into France, and shewed it to 
them ; scil. when he went into France to teach the Queen- 
Mother English ; he dedicated it to Monsieur the duke of 

Thomas Willis (1624-1675). 

** Thomas Willis, M.D. from himselfe borne at Great 
Bedwyn in com. Wilts, January the 27th, anno Domini 
1621. His father was steward to Sir Walter Smyth there, 
and had been sometime a scholar at St. John's College in 

*** Thomas Willis, M.D. ; vide Westminster Abbey 
pro inscriptione. 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. i6 T . no argument against its excellence. 

* Dupl. with ' topique.' ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 4 V . 
b A plea that the failure of this *** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 6 T . 

shorthand to gain credit abroad is 

Thomas Willis 303 

* Thomas Willis, M.D., natus . . . ; (vide A. Wood's 
Antiq. Oxon.). 

1647 and 1648 (quaere, if not +), kept Abingdon- 
market a , and Dr. (Richard) Lydall and he had a horse 
between them : this was before a Doctor b . He grew 
more and more into good practise. 

He studied chymistry in Peckwater Inne chamber ". He 
was in those dayes very mathematicall, and I have 
heard him say his genius lay more to mathematics then 

His father was steward to Sir John (I thinke) Smyth d ; 
and had a little estate at Ivy Hinksey, where my lady 
Smyth (vidua) dyed. 

He went to schoole to Mr. (Edward) Sylvester in Oxon, 
over the meadowes, where he ayred his muse, and made 
good exercise : from William Hawes, his schoolefellow. 
Anno about 1657 (quaere there), riding towards Brackley 
to a patient, his way led him thorough Astrop, where he 
observed the stones in the little rill were discoloured of a kind 
of Crocus Martis colour ; thought he, this may be an indica- 
tion of iron ; he getts gaules, and putts some of the powder 
into the water, and immediately it turned blackish ; then 
sayd he, Tie not send my patients now so far as Tunbridge,' 
and so he in a short time e brought these waters into vogue, 
and hath inriched a poore obscure village. He was middle 
stature : darke red f haire (like a red pig) : stammered 

He was first servitor to Dr. (Thomas) lies, one of the 
canons of X*. Ch. whose wife was a knowing woman in 
physique and surgery, and did many cures. Tom Willis 
then wore a blew livery-cloak, and studied at the lower end 
of the hall, by the hall-dore ; was pretty handy, and his 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. i6 v . c Dupl. with 'in Canterbury Col- 

* i.e. he used to ride over to lege.' 

Abingdon on market-days, in hope of d Sir Walter Smith of Great Bed win, 

practice. Wilts. 

b i.e. before he took his Doctor's e Subst. for 'suddenly.' 

degree. f Dupl. with brindle.' 

304 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

mistresse would oftentimes have him to assist her in making 
of medicines. This did him no hurt, and allured him on. 

John Wilmot, earl of Rochester (1648-1680). 

* John, earl of Rochester l : he went to schoole at 
(Burford); was of Wadham College, Oxford; I suppose, 
had been in France. 

About 1 8, he stole his lady, (Elizabeth) Malet, a daughter 
and heir, a great fortune ; for which I remember I sawe 
him a prisoner in the Tower about 1662. 

His youthly spirit and oppulent fortune did sometimes 
make him doe extravagant actions, but in the country he 
was generally civill enough. He was wont to say that 
when he came to Brentford the devill entred into him and 
never left him till he came into the country again to 
Alderbury or Woodstock. 

He was raunger of Woodstock-parke and lived often at 
the lodge at the west end, a very delightfull place and 
noble prospect westwards. Here his lordship had severall 
lascivious pictures drawen. 

His lordship read all manner of bookes. Mr. Andrew 
Marvell, who was a good judge of witt, was wont to say 
that he was the best English satyrist and had the right veine. 
'Twas pitty death tooke him off so soon. 

In his last sicknesse he was exceedingly paenitent and 
wrote a lettre of his repentance to Dr. Burnet, which is 

He sent for all his servants, even the piggard-boy, to come 
and heare his palinode a . He dyed at Woodstock-parke, 
26 July, 1680 ; and buried at Spilsbury in the samecountie, 
Aug. 9 following. 

His immature death putts me in mind of these verses of 
Propertius : 

Vere novo primoque in aetatis flore juventae, 
Ceu rosa virgineo poll ice carpta, jaces. 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 55*. * Dupl. with nfravofiTf. 

Edmund Wingate 305 

* On the death of my lord Rochester : pastorall. 

As on his death-bed, gasping, Strephon lay, 
Strephon, the wonder of the plaines, 
The noblest of th' Arcadian swaines, 
Strephon, the bold, the witty, and the gay, 
With many a sigh, and many a teare, he said, 
' Remember me, ye shepheards, when I'me dead. 

* Ye triflying glories of this world, adieu ! 

And vain applauses of the age ! 

For when we quit this earthly stage, 
Beleeve me, shepheards, for I tell you true, 
Those pleasures which from vertuous deeds we have 
Procure the sweetest slumbers in the grave. 


( Then since your fatall houre must surely come, 
Surely your head ly low as mine, 
Your bright meridian soon decline, 
Beseech the mighty PAN to guard you home. 
If to Elysium you would happy fly, 
Live not like Strephon, but like Strephon die.' 



1 Aubrey gives in trick the coat : ' (argent, on a fesse gules between 3 eagles' 
heads, erased sable, 3 escallops or) [Wilmot] j impaling, azure, 3 escallops or 
[Malet],' surmounted by an earl's coronet, and wreathed in laurel (for a poet). 
The top of fol. 55 has been cut off, the writing on the recto side having pre- 
viously been scored out : I think the mutilation is due to Aubrey himself. 

Edmund Wingate (1593-1656). 

** Edmund Wingate, esq., was a Bedfordshire man, I 
thinke ; recorder of Bedford there you may learne, or at 
my lord Bruce's (now Alesbury). 

* MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 56. 

** Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 141' : Oct. 27, 1671. 

II. X 

306 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives* 

Scripsit Arithmetica ; 

Logarithmotechnia, with solution of triangles ; 
another little booke of working on a line of numbers ; 
Abridgment of the Statutes, . . . 

He was of Graye's Inne, and dyed . . . His yonger 
sonne was Mr. (Fabian) Stedman's fellow prentice ; since 
turned a musquetere. He can tell me everything. He did 
wayte at the Tower. 

* Edmund Wingate dyed at Mr. Bayles howse in Gray's 
Inne lane, and was buried at St. Andrewe's, Holborne, the 
13 Decemb. anno Domini 1656. 

George Withers (1588-1667). 

** Mr. George Withers (vide A. Wood's Antiq. Oxon.) 
was borne at Bentworth, near Alton, in Hantshire, on the 
eleaventh of June, 1588. 

He maried Elizabeth, eldest daughter of H. Emerson, of 
South Lambeth, in com. Surrey, esqre, whose ancestors 
lye entombed in the choeur of St. Savior's, Southwark, 
neer the monument of bishop Andrewes, with a statue of 
white marble. She was a great witt, and would write in 
verse too. 

He was of (Magdalen College) in Oxford. He would 
make verses as fast as he could write them. And though 
he was an easie rymer, and no good poet, he was a good 
vates. He had a strange sagacity and foresight into 
mundane affaires. 

He was an early observator of Quicquid agunt homines ; 
his witt was satyricall. I thinke the first thing he wrote 
was 'Abuses whipt and stript,' for which he was committed 
prisoner to ... a (I beleeve, Newgate). I believe 'twas 
tempore Jacobi regis. He was a captain in the Parliament 
army, and the Parliament gave him for his service 
Mr. John Denham's estate at Egham, in Surrey. The 
motto of his colours was, Pro Rege^ Lege, Grege. 

* Aubrey in M.S. Wood F. 39, fol. ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 50*. 

173 : May 25, 1672. * Wood says the Marshalsca. 

Theophilus Wodenote 307 

After the restauration of his majestic he was imprisoned 
in the Tower about three quarters of a yeare. He died 
the 2d of May, 1667, and lieth interred within the east 
dore of the Savoy church, where he dyed. He was pupill 
to bishop (John) Warner, of Rochester. 

* George Wythers, poet : vide memorandum 1673 +ju 
de G. W. a 

Theophilus Wodenote (senior). 

** Theophilus Woodenoth \ B.D. his father 2 was a 
Cheshire gentleman of that ancient family ; was minister b 
of Lankenhorn in Cornwall, in which place his sonne 
succeeded him 

'In Cornwall at a parish Lankenhorn 
Neer Launceston six miles southwards was I born.' 

When I was a school-boy he c lived two yeares with his 
brother . . . Peyton, vicar of Chalke, being obnoxious to 
danger of arests. 

He did me much good in opening of my understanding ; 
advised me to read lord Bacon's Essayes and an olde booke 
of proverbs (English) ; answered me my questions of 
antiq(uities), etc. 

He was an Eaton scholar and fellow of King's College, 
Cambridge, contemporary with Dr. (Samuel) Colins. 

He wrote in his solitude at Chalke a little manuall called 
' Good thoughts in bad times/ as I take it. I remember 'tis 
dedicated to his cosen . . . Wodenoth of Cheshire, esq. 


1 Aubrey gives in trick the coat : ' (argent), a cross couped and voided 
(sable) [Wodenote].' Anthony Wood refers to his own 'Fasti 1619,' where 
he occurs among the Cambridge M.A.s incorporated at Oxford. 

Theophilus Wodenote was of Eton, and King's Coll. Camb., B.D. Oxford 
1623, and D.D. 1630 ; and rector of Linkinhorne, Cornwall, in 1615. 

a Thomas Wodenote, Fellow of King s Coll. Camb. ; rector of Linkinhorne, 

* MS. Aubr. 8, fol 8. ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. IO T . 

a i. e. look in Aubrey's diary for b Uupl. with ' rector.' 

1673 (or about that year, 'plus, c i. e. Theophilus. 

minus ') for a note concerning him. 

X 2 

308 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Theophilus Wodenote (junior) (1625-16 ). 

* Theophilus Wodenoth, pater, natus Lankenkorn neer 
Lanceston in com. Cornub., Oct. 6, 1625, 6 h A.M., he thinkes 
on a Thursday. Now rector of Bland ford St Mary's in com. 

Charles, filius Theophili, Wodenoth natus Blandfordiae, 
Dorset, Feb. 17, 1660, die Solis a , circa 6' 1 A.M. 


This Theophilus Wodenote is son of Theophilus (senior). He matric. at 
Exeter College, June 2, 1652. 

Thomas Wolsey (147 1530). 

** Cardinal Woolsey : Memorandum the Cardinal's hat 
on the scutcheon at Christ Church : and quaere quot pedes 
from the College to the Blew-boare ; colour with soote the 
water-table, and insert in the scutcheon the Cardinal's hat. 

*** Thomas Wolsey \ Cardinal, was a butcher's son, of 
Ipswych, in Suffolke ; vide his Life, writt by ... 

He was a fellowe of Magdalen Colledge in Oxford, where 
he was tutor to a young gentleman of Limmington, near 
Ilchester, in com. Somerset, in whose guift the presentation 
of that church is, worth the better part of 200 li. per annum, 
which he gave to his tutor, Wolsey. He had committed 
hereabout some debauchery (I thinke, drunke : no doubt he 
was of a high rough spirit), and spake derogatorily of 
Sir Amias Paulet (a Justice of Peace in the neighbourhood), 
t From m who putt him into the stockes f, which, when 
he came to be Cardinall, he did not forget ; he 
layed a fine upon Sir Amias to build the gate 
yeares 2nc. f tne Middle Temple ; the armes of Pawlet, 
was ieryfrSIh : with the quartrings, are in glasse there to this 
his a p v u e p m? ott day (1680). The Cardinall's armes were, as 
the storie sayes, on the outside in stone, but 
time haz long since defaced that, only you may still 
discerne the place ; it was carved in a very mouldring stone. 

Remaines of him shew that he was a great master of the 

* MS. Aubr. -23, fol. 75% 76. ** MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 9. 

* Sunday. *** MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 91. 

Thomas Wolsey 309 

Latin tongue ; Dr. John Pell tells me, that [he a finds in a 
preface to a Grammar of ... Haynes, schoolmaster, of 
Christ-church, London,] that 'twas he that made the 
Accedence before W. Lilly's Grammar in ... dayes. 

His rise (vide the History) was his quick and prudent 
dispatch of a message to Paris for Henry 8. 

He had a most magnificent spirit. Concerning his 
grandure, vide Stowe's Chronicle, &c. 

He was a great builder, as appeares by White-hall, 
Hampton Court. Eshur f, in Surrey, a noble 

t Vide my 

Surrey notes house, built of the best buHi't brick (perhaps) 

< MS. Aubr. 4 > v ' 

if William that ever I sawe ; stately gate-house and hall. 

Wanfleet did * & 

bCthThelr fc : This stately house (a fitt pallace for a prince b ) 
scutcheons are was bought about i666, by ... a vintner, of 


London, who is since broke, and the house 
is sold, and pulled downe to the ground, about 1678. 
I have the draught of the house among my Surrey 
papers. Quaere : he had a very stately cellar for his 
wines, about Fish-street, called Cardinall Wolsey's cellar. 
He built the stately tower at Magdalen Colledge in Oxford, 
and that stately palace at Winchester (where he was 
bishop), called Wolsey-house ; I remember it pretty well, 
standing 1647. Now, I thinke, it is most pulled downe. 
His noble foundation of his Colledge of Christ-Church, 
in Oxford, where the stately hall was only perfected by 
him. There were designed (as yet may appeare by the 
building)* most magnificent cloysters (the brave designe 
wherof Dr. John Fell hath deteriorated with his new 
device) to an extraordinary spacious quadrangle, to the 
entrance whereof was carrying up a tower (a gate-house) 
of extraordinary rich and noble Gothique building. Vide 
J. Oweni Epigraminata : 

Sit domus imperfecta licet, similisque ruinae, 
At patet in laudes area lata tuas. 

OWEN, Epigr. 

* The words in square brackets are b ' of ' (a slip for ' or ') ' Cardinall' 
substituted for ' haz been very well followed :*struck out. 
assured.' * MS. Aubr. 6, fol. 91*. 

310 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

When the present great-duke of Tuscany was at Oxford, 
he was more taken with that, then all the rest of the 
buildings he sawe there, and tooke a second viewe of it. 

It should not be forgotten what a noble foundation there 
was for the chapell, which did runne from the Colledge, 
along the street as far as the Blew-boare Inne ; which was 
about 7 foot or more high, and adorned with a very rich 
Gothique water-table 2 as in the margin*. 

It was pulled downe by Dr. John Fell (the Deane) about 
1670, to use the stones about the Colledge. 

Memorandum : about the buildings of this Colledge are 
frequent the pillars, and axes, and Cardinall's cappes. 

Concerning this great Cardinall's fall, see the histories 
of that time. 

Returning to London from Yorke, he died at Leicester, 
where he lies buried (to the shame of Christ-church men) 
yet without any monument. 

' And though, from his owne store, Wolsey might 


A palace or a col ledge for his grave, 
Yet here he lies interred, as if that all 
Of him to be remembred were his fall. 
Nothing but earth to earth, nor pompous weight 
Upon him but a pebble or a quayte. 
If thou art thus neglected, what shall wee 
Hope after death that are but shreds of thee?' 

Vide Dr. Corbet's Poems : his Iter Boreale. 

See his life writt by ... and also by Thomas Fuller, B.D., 
in his Holy State, where is a picture of his which resembles 
those in glasse in Christ-church He was a lusty man, 
thick neck, not much unlike Martyn Luther. I beleeve he 
had Taurus ascending with the Pleiades, which makes the 
native to be of a rough disposition. 

He was Baccalaur of Arts so young, that he was 
called the boy-bacchalaur. From Dr. John Pell (out of the 
aforesayd preface). 

a See the facsimile at the end of this volume. 

Anthony Wood. Sir Christopher Wren 311 

* One of Osney bells is at Winslowe in Bucks, which is 
the great bell there, but was the 3d at Osney ; but 
they have not long since cutt it something lesse, one 
Derby decieving them LX/z. of their metall. Cardinall 
Wolsey, being abbot of St. Alban's (to which Winslowe 
did belong), at the pulling downe of Osney abbey, gave 
this bell to Winslowe Mr. Steevens a was borne at 


1 Aubrey gives in trick the coat : ' sable, on a cross engrailed argent a 
lion passant gules between 4 leopards' faces or, on a chief or a rose gules 
between 2 Cornish choughs proper,' ensigned with Cardinal's hat and strings, 

2 Aubrey wrote ' a very rich Gothique . . .,' and added a note in the margin 
' quaere Sir Chr. W(ren) nomen? Wren told him ' water-table,' which he then 
inserted in the text, striking out the marginal note. 

In MS. Aubr. 3, fol. 4 V , is the note : ' Basis, or list, or I thinke they call it 
the wafer-table, of the parish church wall at St. Edmundsbury in Suffolke. 
Of which fashion was the foundation of that famous began chapell orcathedrall 
of Cardinal Wolsey 's which went towards the Blew-bore in Oxford, and pulled 
downe by deane Fell about 1671. Magdalen parish {-church) tower (Oxford) 
is also of this fashion, viz. of Henry VIII.' 

Anthony Wood (163 2-1695). 

** Mr. Anthony a Wood, M.A., antiquarius, in his lettre 
to me, Palm Sunday March 23, 1672, writes thus, viz. ' My 
nativity I cannot yet retrive ; but by talking with an ancient 
servant of my father's I find I was borne on the 17 of 
Decemb., but the year when I am not certain: 'twas 
possibly about 1647. John Selden was borne the 16 of 
December and Sir Symonds Dews the 17. But of these 
matters I shall tell you more when my trouble is over.' 

Sir Christopher Wren (1631-1723). 
*** Sir Christopher Wren \ surveyor of his majestie's 
buildings, borne at . . . Knahill b in the parsonage-howse in 
the county of Wiltes neer Shaftesbury, Thursday, October 

* Aubrey in MS. Wood F. 39, fol. tional story. 

273 V : May 30, 1674. ** MS> AuDn 2 3 fo ^ ^ 2 "' 

a Thomas Stephens (q.v.), from *** MS Aubr. 23, fol. 53. 

whom Aubrey received this tradi- b East Knoyle. 


Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

20, 1631 2 , 8 h p.M. the bell rang VIII as his mother fell 
in labour with him (from himselfe). 

He was knighted 3 at Whitehall on Friday, I4th Novem- 
ber 1673, at 5 h A - M - (fr m Mr. Robert Hooke, the next 
day). ' 

* Anno 1669, Dr. Christopher Wren was invited by the 
bishop of Sarum (Seth Ward), where he made a particular 
survey of the cathedrall church 4 . He was at least a weeke 
about it, and a curious discourse it was : it was not above 
two sheetes. Upon my writing The Natural History of 
Wilts, I had occasion to insert it there, and they told me 
that it was lent to somebody they could not tell to whom. 
But in Febr. last Mr. Cole thinks it not unlikely that 
Mr. Nash (the surveyor of the fabrick) of Sarum may have 
that paper. I desired him to enquire but have not yet 
received any answer. 

{Pedigree : in MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 28 V .) 

Wren, of Ipswych 
in Suffolke 

m, ... 

. . . Wren, a wealthy 
citizen in Cheapside 
(quaere if not a mil- 


Matthew Wren, m. 
Lord Bishop 
of Ely. 

Christopher Wren, 

second son, deane 

of Windsor. 

Matthew Wren, secretary 
to the Lord Chancellor 
Hyde, then to the duke 

. . Cox, of Funthill 
in com. Wilts. 

Faith, daughter m. Sir Christopher 1 
of Sir Thomas Wren. 
Coghill of Blech- 
ington in com. 
Oxon., first wife, 
A.D. . . . 

n. (Jane) Fitzwilliams, . . . v 
daughter of the lord 
Fitzwilliams in North- 
amptonshire, second 
wife, A.D. . . . 

. William 
v Holder, D.D.. 
sub-deane of 
the king's 


sine prole. 

1 Wren was one of the people from whose patronage Aubrey, in his evil 
days, hoped for some official post. On a slip pasted to fol. 27 V of MS. Aubr. 
9 is this note : 

4 Mr. Secretary Wren's indefinite (?) kindnesse is valuable if our lord P. 
<? William lord Brouncker, Pres. Roy. Soc. 1663-1677) know it, and Mr. 
(John) Collins, but cave. They might between them determine somewhat 

* MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 8*. 

Edward Wright 313 

certaine. There are peaceable places among souldiers; and now the navy 
offices thrive, and a man can nowhere so well hide himselfe in an office as there, 
'cause 'tis out of the way. 

' I cannot get Quillettus here, but would you could find Callus Veridicus, 
which you must enquire for privately. I never saw it, but Mr. Oldenburg may 
possibly have heard of it. 

4 The want of the Royal Society is the greatest defect of our parts a : possibly 
you may have some one that for money will informe mee as you doe for love. 
If you find any such, fix him for b J. )' 

2 Aubrey was anxious to obtain the exact date as an item towards his pet 
astrological collection.. But he fancied that Wren had played a trick on him, 
by taking the place of a brother of the same name, one year younger, who died 
in infancy. Aubrey might have reflected that, while it is possible that parents 
might give the name of a deceased child to their next, the other course is un- 
likely. The following excerpts from Aubrey's letters to Anthony Wood bear 
on the point : 

(a) Nov. 17, 1670: MS. Wood F. 39, fol. 128: 'Dr. Christopher Wren 
was borne at (East) Knoyle, baptized the loth day of November 1631. I have 
writt to him for the exact time, astrologiae ergo : T tis a poore-spirited thing, if 
he will not resolve me.' 

() Jan. 16, 167^ : MS. Wood F. 39, fol. i6o v : ' Dr. Christopher Wren . . . 
tells me he was borne at ... Knahill 20 October, 1631. He was a second 
Christopher : (the one) whome I sent to you was the first.' 

(c) Feb. i, 167! : MS - Wood F. 39, fol. 165 : ' Dr. Christopher Wren hath 
putt a trick on us, as it seemes; for he hath made him selfe a yeare younger 
then indeed he is, though he needs not be ashamed of his age, he hath made 
such admirable use of his time. I mett t'other day accidentally with the 
parson of Knahill, who justifies the register, and not only so but proves it by 
his neighbour that was his nurse and her son that suckled with him evidence 
notorious. 'Tis true, as the Doctor sayes, that there were two Christophers, 
but it was the latter, i.e. the Doctor that parson Hill justifies quod nota.' 

3 Aubrey several times notes this. MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 5 : ' Sir Xpfer Wren 
knighted, November 14, 1673.' MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 7 : 'Sir Christopher Wren 
received the honour of knighthood at Whitehall on Friday I4th November, 5h. 
A.M., 1673 from Mr. Robert Hooke, the next day.' 

* MS. Aubr. 21, fol. 69-74, is ' A survey of Our Lady Church at Salisbury, 
taken by Dr. Christopher Wren (since Sir Christopher) anno Domini 1669, 
being invited downe to doe it by Seth Ward, lord bishop of Sarum.' Another, 
less perfect, MS. copy of this report is in Wood MS. B. 14. 

Edward Wright (15 1615). 

* Mr. Edward c Wright : he was of Caius College in 
Cambridge (from Sir Charles Scarborough, who was of that 

a i.e. he misses most the meetings b i.e. Aubrey's initials, J. A., dis- 

of the Society, and would willingly guised. 
pay for a regular account of each * MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 82*. 

meeting. c * Edward ' subst. for Edmund.* 

Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

He published his book, 4to, intituled a : 

Certain errors in navigation detected and corrected by 
Edward Wright, with many additions that were not in the 
former edition as appeareth in the next pages, London, 1610. 

It is dedicated to the high and mighty Henry, prince of 
Wales, etc. In the Epistle dedicatory he makes mention 
of a goodlye and royall ship that his highnesse lately built, 
and that since his highnesse comeing into England that the 
'art of navigation hath been much advanced here as well 
in searching the North-east and North-west passages as 
also in discovering the sea-coastes and inland of Virginea, 
Newfoundland, Greenland, and of the North New-land as far 
as Hackluyt's headland, within 9 degrees of the pole, also 
of Guiana and divers parts and ilands of the East Indies, 
yea, and some parts also of the south continent discovered 
by Sir Richard Hawkins/ 

He read mathematicks to Prince Henry ; and Sir Jonas 
Moore had the wooden sphaere in the Tower, which was 
contrived by Mr. Wright for the more easy information of 
the prince. 

Amongst Mr. Laurence Rooke's papers (left with Seth 
(Ward), lord bishop of Sarum) I found : 
Hypothesis stellarum fixarum 

a Edm. b Wright, 

three sheetes, of his owne hand-writing, in folio. I deposited 
it in the Royal Society, but Mr. R. Hooke saieth that it is 
printed in a booke by it selfe, which see. 

In his preface to the reader he sayes that ' the errors 
I have in the following treatise laboured to reforme to the 
utmost (yea, rather beyond the utmost) of my poor abilitie, 
neglecting in the meane time other studies and courses that 
might have been more beneficial to me : which may argue 
my good will to have proceeded further to the amendment of 
such other faults and imperfections as yet remain besides 
those alreadie specified.' 

It appeares by his preface that his worth was attended 
by a great deal of envie. 

Snbst. for 'called.' Sic. 

Edward Wright 315 

Ibid. He was in the voyage of the right honourable 
the earle of Cumberland in the yeare 1589. He 'devised 
the seaman's rings for the present finding out both of the 
variation of the needle and time of the day at one instant 
without any farther trouble of using any other instrument, 
and hath farther shewed how by the sun's point of the com- 
passe (or magnetical azimuth) and altitude given by obser- 
vation the variation may be found either mechanically with 
ruler and compasse or mathematically by the doctrine of 
triangles and arithmeticall calculation.' 

John Collins {says that) he happened upon the loga- 
rithmes and did not know it, as maybe seen in his Errors: 
and Mr. Robert Norwood sayes to the reader in his Trigo- 
nometric ' neither is Mr. Edward Wright to be forgotten 
though his endeavours were soonest prevented,' speaking of 
the logarithmes. 

He published a booke of dialling in 4to, anno . . . 

* Mr. Edward Wright, ex Catalogo Bibl. Bodleianae. 

Description of the sphere in three parts, London 1613 
W. i. 7. 

Treatise of dialling, London 1614, 4to H. 30. Art. 

Correction of errors in navigation, 4to W. 16. Art., 

et London 1599, 4to W. 2. Art. BS. 

The earle of Cumberland's voyage to the Azores, ibid. 

Peruse the prefaces. ' The description of the sphaere ' 
hath no preface, and I believe they were his notes for Prince 

** Mr. Edmund a Wright was of Caius Colledge, in Cam- 
bridge. He was one of the best mathematicians of his time ; 
and the then new way of sayling, which yet goes by the 
name of ' sayling by Mr. Mercator's chart,' was purely his 
invention, as plainely doeth and may appeare in his learned 
booke called ' Wright's Errors in Navigation,' in 4to. printed 
A.D. . . . Mr. Mercator brought this invention in fashion 
beyond seas. 

He did read mathematiques to Prince Henry, and caused 
to be made, for his Highnesse more easie understanding of 
* MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 83. ** MS. Aubr. 8, fbl. 6o T . ft Sic. 

316 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

astronomic, a sphaere of wood, about three quarters of 
a yard diameter, which lay neglected and out of order in 
the Tower, at London, and Sir Jonas Moor begd it of his 
present majestic, who showed it to me. 

He wrote ' Hypothesis Stellarum Fixarum et Planetarum/ 
a MS. of three sheetes of paper, which I found among bishop 
Ward's papers, which I gave to the Museum a at Oxford. 

He made a table of Logarithm es (scil. in his Tangents) 
before Logarithmes were invented and printed, but did not 
know he had donne it. from John Collins. 

Edmund Wyld (1616-16 ). 

* Edmund Wyld b , esq., born at Houghton-Conquest in 
Bedfordshire, 3 h P.M. on a Saterday, Oct. loth, 1616. 

He had the misfortune to kill a man in London, upon 
a great provocation, about A.D. 1644. He had the plague 
in the Inner Temple, 1647, and had a grevous quartan ague 
in Sept. 1656. 

Memorandum, Mr. Wyld sayes that the doctors told him 
that in 1656 there dyed in London of the quartan ague 
fifteen hundred ; N.B. In 1657 Oliver Cromwell, Protector, 
dyed of a quartan ague. 

At Christmas, 1661, Mr. E. W. had a dangerous fever. 

. . . Yarrington. 

** Capt. Yarrington dyed at London about March last d . 
The cause of his death was a beating and throwne into 
a tub of water. 

Anne, duchess of York (16 1671). 

*** Colonel Popham's great tankard, the dutches Y : 
dranke it (almost) off at a draught. 

a i.e. the Ashmolean. d i.e. March i68|, probably. The 

* MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 31. leaf is dated 'January i68.' 

b This is Aubrey's patron, so often *** MS. Aubr. 21, p. 19. Anthony 

mentioned as giving him information. Wood also alludes to her prowess 

c Sept. 3, 1658. with the tankard (Clark's Wood's 

** MS. Aubr. 7, fol. 5. Life and 7'imes, ii. 219). 



(Here and there in the Lives Aubrey has jotted down notes on 
various matters of antiquarian interest. These are collected here, 
and a few other notes of the same type from other Aubrey volumes 
added to them. Aubrey attached to some of these notes the title of 
' Nouvelles,' e.g. MS. Aubr. 8, foil. 6, 28 V , 103.) 

ir' = dominus.) I remember, before the late warres, 
the ministers in Herefordshire, etc. (counties that way), had 
the title of 5 r *, as the bachalours of Art a have at Oxon, 
as * Sir Richard, of Stretford/ ' Sir William, of Monkland.' 
And so it was in Wilts, when my grandfather Lyte was 
a boy ; and anciently everywhere. The example of this 
appeares in the excellent comoedie of The Scornfull Ladle, 
where ' Sir Roger ' (the chaplain) has a great part. It was 
made by Mr. J. Fletcher about the beginning of King 
James' time ; but in all old wills before the reformation it 
is upon record. MS. Aubr. 3, fol. 30. 

ways of the gentry ', temper e Jacobi /.) In those 
dayes hunting and falconery were at the height: old 
Serjeant Latham then lived, and writt his falcon ry b . Good 
cheere was then much in use ; but to be wiser then one's 
neighbours, scandalous and to be envyed at. And the 
nobility and gentry were, in that soft peace, damnable 
prowd and insolent. MS. Aubr. 3, fol. 30. 

a See Clark's Reg. Univ. Oxon. books , Lond. 1614; Another new book 
II. i. 50. of Falconry, Lond. 1618. 

b Simon Latham : Falconry, in 2 

318 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

(Ghost-stories.) When I was a child, and so before the 
civill warres, the fashion was for old women and maydes to 
tell fabulous stories, night-(t)imes, and of sprights and 
walking of ghosts, etc. This was derived downe from 
mother to daughter, etc., from the monkish ballance, which 
upheld holy Church : for the divines say * Deny spirits, and 
you are an atheist.' When the warres came, and with 
them liberty of conscience and liberty of inquisition, the 
phantomes vanish. Now children feare no such things, 
having heard not of them, and are not checked a with such 
feares. MS. Aubr. 3, fol. 30. 

The first pointe-de-Venice band that was worne in 
England was by King Charles the first at his coronation. 
Now b , 'tis common. MS. Aubr. 6, fol. i v . 

Point-bands. The first point-band worne in England 
was that which King (Charles) II d wore when he was 
crowned : and presently after, the fashion was followed 
infinitely: from Mris Judith Dobson, vidua pictoris 6 . 
MS. Aubr. 6, fol. u v . 

Apothecaries. Sir Edward Coke, Lord Chief Justice of 
the King's Bench, saies, as I remember, in the College 
of Physicians case, that . . . Falconti d , an Italian, was the 
first apothecarie in London. But vide Sir Geofrey Chaucer, 
in his Prologue of the Doctor of Physick, [s(ae)c. e 
xiiii th , thus] : 

'Full readie had he his apothecaries 
To send him drugg and electuaries.' 

And Mr. Anthony a Wood shewes in his Oxon. Antiquities f 
that there was a place there, called Apothecaria^ 300 yeares 
ago. In queen Elizabeth's time the apothecaries did sell 

* i. e. when naughty are not threat- is said by Clement Reyner (Apostol. 

ened by their nurses with ' the bogy- Bened. in Anglia) to have been the 

man.' first apothecary in England, A.D. 1357. 

b i. e. subsequent to 1680, for this e The words in square brackets are 

MS. was begun in that year. scored out. 

William Dobson, i. 78. f Wood's Hist, et Antiq. Univ. 

d Clark's Wood's Life and Times, Oxon. (1674). 
i. 480 : Johannes Falcandus of Lucca 

Notes of Antiquities 319 

sack in their shoppes : my grandfather a and severall old 
men that I knew heretofore did remember it. MS. Aubr. 
6, fol. n v . 

Tabor and pipe. When I was a boy, before the late 
civill warres, the tabor and pipe were commonly used, 
especially Sundays and Holydayes, and at Christnings 
and Feasts, in the Marches of Wales, Hereford, Glocester- 
shire, and in all Wales. Now it is almost lost : the drumme 
and trumpet have putte that peaceable musique to silence. 
I believe 'tis derived from the Greek b sistrum, a brasen or 
iron timbrel ; cratahim c , a ring of brasse struck with an 
iron rod so we play with the key and tongs. MS. Aubr. 
6, fol. u v . 

Clocks-. Chaucer, Nonne's Priest's tale (Chanteclere). 

' Well sikerer was his crowing in his loge 
Then is a clock or in an Abbey an orloge.' 

Sir Geoffrey Chaucer obiit 1400, aetatis 72. MS. Aubr. 
6, fol. io v . 

(The) clock d at Paule's on the north crosse aisle west 
side (is) stately. That at Welles is like it. Vide Chaucer 
in aliqua vita 6 . MS. Aubr. 8, fol. io v . 

Spectacles f . Dr. Pell tells me the antiquity of spectacles 
is about two hundred yeares standing, and that they were 
sold, when first invented, for 3 or 5 li. a paire. The 
ancientest author wherin he finds them is cardinal Cusa 
vide Cusanum, quaere Sir John Hoskins, who (I thinke) 
knowes. [Tis . . . Redi, an Italian, about 400 yeares 
since.] The Germans call them Brill, from the beril-stone, 
i. e. chrystall, of which they were first made. KpvoraAA.0? 
is not properly * chrystall/ but ' ice/ Erasmus in Colloquio 


' Quid tibi vis cum vitreis oculis, fascinator ? ' 

ft See p. 42, supra. the quotation given supra from MS. 

b Subst. for ' Roman.' Aubr. 6. 

c i. e. crotalum. f The same matter is found in MS. 

d Uupl. with ' orloge.' Ballard 14, fol. 126, in a letter from 

6 i. e. in one of the lives written Aubrey to Anthony Wood, dated Feb. 

by Aubrey. The reference is to 17, i6|. 

320 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Vide Thomas Hobbes' Optiques in libro De Homine, 
where he interprets this piece of Plautus, in Cistellaria, act. 
i, seen, i : 

* Conspicillo consequutus 'st clanculum me usque ad fores,' 
where he proves that there ' conspicillo ' could not signify 
a paire of spectacles, as we now use it : for then he could 
not have kenned her at a distance. I remember he told 
me 'tis that which the French call vidette, a hole to peepe 
out at. Vide (Hier.) Sirturus de Perspicillis, a thin 4to : 
Mr. Edmund Wyld has it, scil. a rarity. MS. Aubr. 6, 
fol. ii. 

Gtmnes. The Almanack chronologic tells us (1680) 
' Since the invention of gunncs ' by . . ., a monke of . . ., 
in Germany '270 yeares,' scil. in the reigne of (Henry 
IV), anno 1410. Philip de Commines tells us that in his 
time, when Charles 8 went into Italy, the country-people 
flocked mightily to see the great gunnes shott off, which 
was the first time they came in use : but musquetts and 
fowling- peeces came not to perfection long after. Memo- 
randum : in the Princes' Chamber at the House of Lords*, 
scil. the roome where the king does retire, are very old 
hangings, viz. of Edward the Fourth's time, in which is 
described the invention and use of gunnes. The muskets 
there are only a long tube stop't at one end, with a touch- 
hole, and fitted to a long staff. This gun one holds on 
a rest and aimes ; and then another comes with a lighted 
match in a stick and gives fire, so that 'twas the worke of 
two men then to manage one piece. Till the late warres 
refined locksmiths' worke, I remember when I was boy 

the firelocks were very bungling to what they now are. 
And in queen Elizabeth's time they used calivers, of which 

a Subst. for ' Parliament-house.' 

Notes of Antiquities 321 

I remember many in gentlemen's halls before the civill 
wars (for then the soldiers converted them into carbines). 
The stock was like a wooden basting-ladle, and it had 
a match-lock, and was not much longer then a carbine. 

* Cualibre ' in French signifies the bore of a gun, or the 
size of the bore ; and (thence) also the size capacity or 
fashion of any such thing Cotgrave's Dictionary. MS. 
Aubr. 6, fol. ii. 

(Printing.) Memorandum, in the librarie of Francis 
Bernard, M.D., in London, behind Sepulcher's church, is 
Tulie's Offices ('tis printed Tulii) in 4to, printed at Mentz 
by (Johann) Fust, 1466. The sayd Dr. sayes that he 
hath seen Saint Hierome on the Creed, printed at Oxford, 
1467 a . Memorandum, Mr. . . . Morris of Llansilly in 
Denbighshire hath a manuscript Bible in Welsh 1500 b 
years old. It was found at the dissolution of the monas- 
teries in an old wall which parted the monastery from the 
Bishop's Palace at Hereford, lap't-up in lead, and the 
inscription on it doeth testifie the antiquitie of it. 'Tis 
thought 'twas hid and layd-up there when the great 
difference, and troubles, was between the Welsh monkes 
and those of Austin the morike : from Mr. Middleton, 
(of) Denbighshire, merchant in London. Quaere Mr. 
Meredith Lloyd de hoc : there may be something of trueth 
to be pickt out in this storie. MS. Aubr. 6. fol. 11. 

Catafalconi is the magnificent contrivance for kings' and 
princes' and generalls' effigies to lie in state in some 
eminent church for some weekes, e. g. King James I st ; 
Robert, earle of Essex; generall Monke, duke of Albemarle. 
It takes its name from ' Falconi,' which signifies in Italian 
* an eagle/ Memorandum at the solemne funeralls of the 
Roman emperors they had an eagle to fly away from the 
rogus when it tooke fire. MS. Aubr. 8, fol 3. 

a See Clark's Wood's City of Ox- Oxford Press, 
ford, i. 175; Doble's Hearne's Col- b Sic, in MS. 

lections, iii. 215; Madan's Early c Subst. for ' the cathedrall church.' 
II. Y 

322 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

{Stained glass in Oxford.) When I came to Oxford, 
crucifixes were common in the glasse windowes in the 
studies' windowes a ; and in the chamber windowes were 
canonized saints (e. g. in my chamber window, St. Gregorie 
the great, and another, broken), and scutcheons with b the 
pillar, the whip, the dice, and the cock. But after 1647 
they were all broken * downe went Dagon ! ' Now no 
vestigia to be found. MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 3. 

Mr. Fabian Philips sayes the winter 1625 before the 
plague was such a mild winter as this : quod N.B. MS. 
Aubr. 8, a slip at fol. 6. 

Quaere Dick Brocas, prisoner in King's Bench, pro legier 
booke of Bradstock abbey. MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 6 V . 

Quaere nomen ecclesiae unde deducebantur picturae 
Mri. Davys. MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 6 V . 

Oliver turned out the parliament, 20 Apr. 1653. MS. 
Aubr. 8, fol. 5. 

. . . Knox began his voyage to Tunquin, Aug. 18, 1681. 
MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 5 V . 

The first beginning of the Royal Society (where they putt 
discourse in paper and brought it to use) was in the 
chamber of William Ball, esqr., eldest son of Sir Peter 
Ball of Devon, in the Middle Temple. They had meetings 
at taverns before, but 'twas here where it formally and in 
good earnest sett up d . In Dr. Spratt's History you may 
see when the patent was granted. MS. Aubr. 8, a slip 
at fol. 6. 

( Wiltshire.) Quaere Mr. {Thomas) Mariet and Mr. 
Packer (pro Anthony Wood) if (there is) a camp neer 

& Some of the older sets of college warmth. See T. G. Jackson's Wadham 

rooms in Oxford still show the differ- College, p. 133. 

ence of rooms referred to here and b Heraldic memorials of the events 

several times in the Lives. There of our Saviour's passion, 

was a large room, the ' chamber ' or c The slip is perhaps of date Dec. 

living and sleeping room, with two 1681, or a little later: cp. Clark's 

or more beds ; off this, there were two Wood's Life and Times, ii. 558, iii. 

or more tiny rooms, the 'studies,' in 3. The index to the MS. is dated 

which the students did their work by July I, 1681 (MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 5). 

day, boxed up close in winter for d Dupl. with ' 'twas begun.' 

Notes of Antiquities 323 

Camden, and if another on Broadway. Memorandum . . . 
(to put) my brother's notes of ... Hyde, etc., into ' Liber a 
B ' before I send it to Anthony Wood. ' Liber b A ' (preface) 
the ' clerici ' (i. e. parish priests) did write the bayliffs' 
accounts and that in Latin, a specimen whereof I have 
with me of . . . MS. Aubr. 8, a slip at fol. 13. 

{Oxford.} Insert the shields in St. Ebbe's church at 
Oxon in ' Liber B.' MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 6 V . 

The paper mill at Bemmarton, Wilts, is 112 yeares 
standing (1681). 'Twas the second in England. MS. 
Aubr. 8, fol. 28 V . 

Jessamines came into England with Mary c , the queen- 
mother ; Laurell was first brought over by Alathea d , 
countesse of Arundell, grandmother to this duke of 
Norfolke 6 . MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 28 V . 

Rider's (Almanack), 1682 : ' Since tobacco* brought into 
England by Sir Walter Raleigh, 99 yeares ; the custome g 
wherof now is the greatest of all others and amounts yearly 
to . . . MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 103. 

Rider's Almanack, 1682 : ' Since Tobacco first used, 99 
yeares ; since the New River was brought to London, 79 ; 
since coaches were first used, 128.' MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 28 V . 

The first glasse-coach that came into England was the 
duke of Yorke's when the king was restored. In a very 
short time they grew common, and now (1681), at Waltham 
or Tottnam high crosse, is sett-up a mill for grinding of 
coach-glasses and looking glasses (much cheaper, viz.). 
MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 28 V . 

a See 1.65. These notes by Aubrey's married in 1606 Thomas Howard, 

brother perhaps account for the loan earl of Arundel. 

of the volume to him, which has e Henry Howard, 6th duke, obiit 

caused its loss. Jan. u, i68|. 

b i. e. MS. Aubr. 3. f Aubrey has a reference 'vide page 

c Henrietta Maria, consort of 16 b,' i.e. MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 28*, as 

Charles I, came to England 1625. given infra. See also supra, p. 181. 

d Alathea (died 1654), daughter of * i.e. the duty levied on it. 
Gilbert Talbot, 7th earl of Shrewsbury, 

Y 2 

324 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

Penny Post Office, vide vitam R. Morey a . Mr. Robert 
Murrey began it in May 1680, and the duke of York seized 
on it in 1682 b quaere about what time of the yeare? 
Let Mr. Murry goe to Dr. Chamberlayne at Suffolke house. 
-MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 30. 

(The penny post.) Doe right to Mr, Murrey in a Memo- 
randum as to the refelling of Dr. (Edward) Chamberlayne 
who ascribes that invention or project of the i d post to 
W. Dockwray, which is altogether false. MS. Aubr. 8, 
a slip at fol. 13. 

(Printing.) Mr. J. Gadbury assures me that the first 
printing in England was in Westminster Abbey. They yet 
retaine the name ' Treasurer of the chapell.' MS. Aubr. 8, 
fol. rt\ 

Mr. Theodore Haak saieth that the antiquity Q{ pinnes is 
not above 200 yeares. Before, they used a thorne, etc., 
more primitive. He saies moreover that he heard the 
Swedish ambassador asked two other ambassadors what 
they thought was the greatest waste of copper. One said 
bells, another said cannons. 'No,' sayd he, ''tis pinnes' 
quod N.B. MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 30. 

Shoes. I doe remember, in my native county of North 
Wilts, husbandmen did weare high shoes till 1633 common 
enough, scil. J bootes slitt and laced. The Benedictine 
monks wore bootes, I beleeve, like these at least i bootes. 
-MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 30. 

Gentilisme*. Memorandum in Yorkeshire the country 
woemen doe still hailst the new mewne, scil. they kneele 
with their bare knees on a grownd-fast stene and say all 
haile, etc. The moon hath a greater influence on woemen 
than on men. MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 69. 

* Supra, p. 91. c i. e. a note for Aubrey's ' Observa- 

b See Clark's Wood's Life and tions on Ovid's Fasti' (see 1.44), a 
Times, iii. 31, 310. Lansdovvne MS., since printed. 

Notes of Antiquities 325 

Gentilisme. Weddings out. Ovid's Fastorum lib. (iii. 
397, 398> : 

His etiam conjux apia sancta a dialis 
Lucibus impexas debet habere comas- 

see the two distiches preceding. 

This St. Andrewe's crosse we wore on our hatts, pinned 
on, till the Plott, and never since: MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 69. 

Avebury. Between pages i and 2 b insert the scheme of 
Avebury. . . . miles westwards from Maryborough (not 
far from Bristowe-roade) is a village called Avebury which 
stands within one of the most remarkeable monuments of 
its kind in England. It seemes strange to me that so little 
notice hath been taken of it by writers. Mr. Camden only 
touches on it and no more. MS. Aubr. 9, fol-. 5o v . 

{Palm Sunday.)' Antiquity the fashion hereabout c was 
before the warres that on Palme Sunday the young men 
and maydes received the communion, and in the afternoon 
walkt together under the hedges about the cornefields, 
which was held to be lucky. MS. Aubr. ai, fol'. 2 V . 

(Simples.) Some write that the water . . ., vervayn, 
....... or sprinkled about the hall or place where any 

feast or banket is kept maketh all the company both lusty 
and merry. Dodoens Herbatt. MS. Aubr. ai, a slip at 
fol. 9. 

Witches (maleficae). Twisting of trees, tearing and turning 
up oakes by the roots. Raysing tempests ; wracking ships ; 
throwing down- steeples ; blasting plantes ; dwindle away 
young children. To overlooke and binde the spirits and 
phantasy ; bewhattling and making men impotent, woemen 
miscarry (countesse of Carlisle}] Whirlewinds ; haracanes. 

a ' Apicati cincta.' ' Templa Druidum] ' or if Druidnm 

b I do not know what MS. of his Templa redivtva, 1 apparently suggested 

Aubrey is here thinking of inserting titles for a treatise by Aubrey. MS. 

Avebury in ; possibly the lost 'Liber Aubr. n is a treatise by Aubrey on 

B.' MS. Aubr. 9, fol. 55', is an Stonehenge. 

envelope addressed ' for Dr. Black- c In North Wilts. 

burne with care,' and has the notes 

326 Aubreys 'Brief Lives' 

Mr. Morehouse a : spirits in 'em. Bishop of Bahuse ; the 
devill's black mace of rammes homes ; the session, a la 
mode de Royal Society, with ballotting box. Memoran- 
dum ; Sir H. B. (said) wise men alwaies saw that as 
some malicious woemen increased in yeares, increased also 
in malice: set howses on fire, mischiefe (to) children, etc. 
Thought it better to have them underground then above 
ground and raise storms : the familiars could not hand- 
somely knock 'em in the head. MS. Aubr. 21, p. 1 1. 

(Provincial ignorance.) Sir Eglamour and Fitz-ale (two 
of the persons in Aubrey's Comedy The Country Revel) 
discourse of the gothique manner of living of these gentle- 
men, of their ignorance, and envy of civilized and ingeniouse 
men ; of the promising growth of civility and knowledge in 
the next generation b (in our grandfathers' or great-grand- 
fathers' dayes few gentlemen could write a letter : then ' the 
clarke made the justice ') ; that there is a sort of provinciall 
witt, or rather a humour that goes for witt, e. g. in the west, 
which if used in the north, or elsewhere, seemes strange and 
ridiculous. MS. Aubr. 21, p. u. 

Summer watch. Vide Sir Thomas Smyth's Common- 
wealth de hac. Cause is that the blood is then high : 
keepe downe \hejitvenilis impetus. The old men in those 
dayes were not so ignorant in philosophy as the virtuosi, 
forsooth, doe thinke they were. They knew, etc. MS. 
Aubr. 21, p. u. 

(Provincial manners.) Collect the gothicismes and 
clownrys of ... in Chester. Dick Pawlet, Secole Chivers, 
W. Ducket's clan of Clowne-hall. Their servants like 
clownes too, drunkards too : qualis herus, talis servus ; 
breeches of one sort, doublet of another, drabled with the 
teares of the tankard and greasie. He built an alehouse 
for his servants, without the gate, for convenience sake, 

a i. e., perhaps, Mr. Lancelot More- b Alt. to ' in the young men.' 

house ascribed witchcraft to demoniacal c To introduce them into Aubrey's 

possession. projected comedy The Countiy Revel. 

Notes of Antiquities 327 

because the servants should be within call. (Before they 
came hither above a mile for their ale.) Vide Osburne, of 
distinction of habitts. MS. Aubr. 21, p. 12. 

Country magique. Walking about the church Midsomer 
eve at night, one shall meet the party that shall marry. 
They must goe round the church nine times (or seven times), 
with a sword drawne, if a man ; if a woman, with a scabbard. 

To putt a smock on the hedge on Midsommer-eve night, 
the man that is to have her shall come and turne it. 

They take orpin and stick branches of it on the wall, 
and fancy such a branch for such a man, such a branch for 
such a woman, and divine their loves and marriage or not- 
marriage by the inclining or aversion of the branches. 
They tye magicall knotts with certayne grasses, which, 
putt in the bosome of the man or woman, if their love have 
not love for them, will untye. MS. Aubr. 21, fol. 24 V . 

(Sketches for designed inventions: MS. Aubr. 21, fol. 57 : 
illustrated in most cases by drawings. One (fol. 57) is 
for a cart with one wheel, imitated from 'the slids in the 
forrest of Deane, for their narrow wayes where carts cann't 

' A forrest cart ' 

Another (fol. 57 V ) is for a balloon: ' Fill or force in 
smoake into a bladder and try if the bladder will not be 
carryed up in the ayre. If it is so, severall bladders may 
drawe a man up into the ayre a certaine hight, as the 
holly-berrys arise to the middle of water in a glasse. 
Memorandum try to what hight they will ascend in a 
deep vessell, and also try other berryes if any will doe so.' 

328 Aubrey's l Brief Lives* 

Another (fol. 57) is for a flying machine and parachute : 
' Memorandum to propose that Mr. Packer sends to Norfolk 
or Suffolke to the gentleman that hath with much curiosity 
measured the feathers in the wings of severall birds and 
taken proportions of them and the weight of their bodies, 
and to send to Mr. Francis Potter for his notions of flying 
and of being safely delivered upon the ground from great 
heights with a sheet, etc.' 

Another (fol. 58) is for sailing a ship : ' Memorandum 
Dr. Wilkins his notion of an umbrella-like invention for 
retarding a ship when shee drives in a storm.' 

Another (fol. 59) is for a sowing-machine : ' Let a ginne 
be invented to shatter out corne by jogging in stead of 
soweing or setting, the one being too wastfull, the other 
taking up too much time ; and that the soweing and 
harrowing may bee but one and the same labour.'} 

Hertfordshire. All the earth red, as also all Wales from 
Severn to the sea. The twanging pronunciation more here 
then in South Wales ; in North Wales, not much. So 
about Newcastle they speak more of the Scotch twang 
than they doe at Berwick or Scotland. Get the song or 
speech of serjant Hoskyns of the earl of Northampton, 
the Lord President of Wales. At Mordeford, the serpent 
with 6 or 8 wings, every ... a paire. Vide the little 
bookes of the old earl of Worcester* in i2mo, where, 
amongst other things, he mentions a profecie by a bard 
of Ragland, that it should be burnd or destroyed and after- 
wards be rebuilt out of Redwood ; set forth (vide), I thinke, 
by Dr. (Thomas) Bayly his chaplain : where be many 
pretty romances of that earle, etc., his life and death, etc. 
The same Dr. also writt a booke in folio (thinne) called Parie- 
taria : which see. He (or his father b ) would shoe his horse. 
Was a great patron to the musicians, e. g. Caporavio, etc. 
This duke's father c had an excellent mechanicall head : 

a Henry, 5th earl, ist marquess. cester; his son Henry was created 

b Edward, 4 th earl. duke of Beaufort, Dec. 2, 1682. 

c Edward, 2nd marquess of Wor- 

Notes of Antiquities 329 

quaere what he writt : Mr. Wyld, I thinke, hath the booke 
printed in red. MS. Aubr. 21, p. 68. 

Monmouthshire. About the beginning of Queen Eliza- 
beth's time Welsh was spoken much in Hereford and 
I believe 100 years before that as far as the Severn. It 
weares out more and more in South Wales, especially since 
the Civill Warres (and so in Cornwall: Mr. Francis Potter 
did see one that spake of a woman towards the farther end 
of Cornwall that could speak no English) but they still 
retaine their ancient way of pronunciation, which is with a 
twang worse than the Welsh. MS. Aubr. 21, p. 68 V . 

(Dress.) Memorandum anciently no bandes worne 
about their neckes, but furre : as in old glasse pictures. 
Memorandum till queen Elizabeth's time, no hattes, but 
cappes, i. e. bonnetts. Trunke hose in fashion till the later 
end of King James the first. About 90 yeares ago a (1670) 
noblemen and gentlemen's coates were of the fashion of 
the bedells and yeomen of the guard, i. e. gathered at the 
girdle place ; and our benchers' gownes retayne yet that 
fashion of gathering. MS. A.ubr. 21, fol. 95 V . 

By reason of fasting dayes all gentlemen's howses had 
anciently fishponds^ and fish in the motes about the howse. 
-MS. Aubr. 21, fol. 95'. 

Heretofore glasse windowes were very rare, only used in 
churches and the best roomes of gentlemen's howses. Yea, 
in my remembrance, before the eivill warres, copyholders 
and ordinary poore people had none. Now the poorest 
people, that are upon almes, have it. In Herefordshire, 
Monmouth, Salop, etc., it is so still. But now this yeare 
(1671) are goeing up no lesse then 3 glasse-howses between 
Glocester and about Worcester, so that glasse will be 
common over all England. MS. Aubr. 21, fol. 95 V . 

Memorandum without doubt, before the Reformation 
there was no county in England but had severall glasse- 
painters. I only remember one poore one, an old man 

i. e. 90 years before 1670, the date of this note. 

330 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

(Harding) at Blandford, in that trade. MS. Aubr. 21, 
fol. 95^ 

Riding at the quintin at weddings is now left in these 
partes a but in the west of England is sometimes used yet. 
I remember when I learned to read English I saw one at 
Will Tanner's wedding sett up at the green by Bownet 
howse by the pounde. Vide the masque of Ben Johnson, 
wher is a perfect description of rideing at the quintin. 
Quaere the antiquity and rise of it. Memorandum I sawe 
somewhere that rideing at the quintin is a remayn of the 
Roman exercise ; vide Juvenal b , Satyr vi. 248 

Aut quis non vidit vulnera pali * 
Quern cavat assiduis sudibus, scutoque lacessit 
Atque omnes implet numeros? 

* Ad quern in terra defixum foeminae se exercent tanquam tyrones 
ut simulata pugna, feriendi, insiliendi, recedendi veram disciplinam 
ediscant (Vegetius.) 

A quintin c (' quintaine ' in French). 
(a) a leather satchell filled with sand. 

(b} a roller of corne d pitched on end in some crosse way 
or convenient place where the bride comes along home. 

(c) at this end the fellowes that bring home the bride 
give a lusty bang with their clubbes or truncheons which 
they have for the purpose, and if they are not cunning and 
nimble the sandbag takes them in the powle ready to hitt 
them off their horses. They ride a full career when they 
make their stroke. 

(a c) a piece of wood about a nell e long that turnes on 
the pinne of the rowler (e). MS. Aubr. 21, fol. 95. 

Chelsey Hospitall. On Thursday morning, February the 
sixteenth i68J, his majestie layed the foundation stone of 

a North Wilts. d The heavy wooden roller with 

b Aubrey no doubt cites text and which the ground is rolled after sowing, 

note from Thomas Farnaby's edition. or when the corn sprouts in April and 

c See facsimile at end of this May. 

volume. e sic in MS. 

Notes of Antiquities 331 

the college appointed for the reliefe of indigent officers at 
Chelsey College. MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 2O V . 

(Siamese twins*.} May 19, 1680, about sun rising were 
borne at Hillbrewers neer Ilminster in Somerset twinne 
sisters growne together at the belley : christned Aquila 
and Priscilla. Quaere the judgment by Dr. Bernard. 
MS. Aubr. 23, fol. 92. 

Rollright stones. Except T, 2, the rest +--4 foote '' ; 
about 4i ; quaere quot c . MS. Aubr. 23, a slip at fol. 92. 

(Apparition^.) 1679 : as he was a bed sick of an ague, 
(he awake daytime) came to him the vision of a Master 
of Arts with a white wand in his hand, and told him that 
if he lay on his back three howres, viz. 10 to i, that he 
should be rid of his ague. He was weary 6 and turned 
and immediately the ague came : after, he did not, etc., 
and was perfectly well. MS. Aubr. 23, a slip at fol. ioo v . 

(Soap.) A Bristow-man living in Castile in Spain 
learn't their art of making soape, which he did first set 
up in Bristowe about the yeare 1600. By this, alderman 
Rogers there gott a great estate, and Mr. . . . Broughton f 

ft For a similar birth at Middleton- c i.e. measure exactly their height. 

Stony, Oxfordshire, in 1552, see Clark's d There is no indication of the 

Wood's Life and Times, iv. 64. person who saw the apparition. 

b i.e. except the first and second Anthony Wood (Life and Times, ii. 

stones, they are more or less (plus, 4) reports an apparition which appeared 

minus) about 4 feet high. The dia- to Richard Lower in 1664. 

gram gives Aubrey's measurement of e Scil. of lying in that position, 

the circle: p. = paces. f See supra, i. p. 128. 

332 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

was the first that improved barren ground there with the 
soape-ashes, now not uncommon. MS. Aubr. 26, page 18. 
A Bristow-man living in Castile in Spaine learnt their 
art of makeing soape, which he first sett-up in Bristow, now 
(1681) 80 + yeares since. MS. Aubr. 8, fol. s8 v . 

(The Fishmongers Company, London.) To discover* 
and find out the lands concealed and embezilled by the 
Fishmongers' company, which was to maintain so many 
scholars in Oxford and for the ease of poor Catholiques in 
Lent. Mr. Fabian Philips tells me I may find out the 
donation in Stow's Survey of London : he can put me in a 
way to help me to a third or fourth part for the discoverie. 
J. Collins, who enformed me of this discovery, sayd the lands 
are worth some thousands per annum, scil. two or three 
thousand pounds per annum, which devout Catholiques 
in ancient times gave to^ this company for their pious 
and charitable use. My lord Hunsdon would be a good 
instrument herein. Memorandum in the records of the 
Tower are to be found many graunts, etc., to the Fish- 
mongers^ company. Edmund Wyld, esq., saith that the 
old Parliament did intend to have had an inspection into 
charitable uses. See Sir Richard Baker's Chronicle pag. 267 
G, anno 22 Henry VII (1507), scil. Thomas Knesworth, 
mayor of London, gave to the Fishmongers' company, 
certain tenements for which they are bound to allow fower 
scholars, that is to say, two at Oxon, and two at Cambridge, 
to each of them fower pounds per annum, as also to poor 
people prisoners in Ludgate something yeerely. Quaere 
Anthony Wood de hiis. MS. Aubr. 26, page i. 

* The MS. from which this para- taining a number of projects by which 

graph is taken was called by Aubrey he hoped to make money. This here 

Faber Fortunae, was written for his is the fourth. on the list, 
own private use (supra, i. p. 44), con- 



(While hiding from the bailiffs in 1671 at Broad Chalk, Aubrey (see 
i. 52) set himself to compose a comedy descriptive of country life as 
he had seen it, abating nothing of its grossness, and concealing 
nothing of its immorality. The rude draft of this comedy is found in 
MS. Aubrey 21, written in the blank spaces and between the lines of 
a long legal document. 

Although few of the scenes are sketched, and fewer completed, it is 
possible to form an idea of the scope and plot of the piece. 

The jumbling together of all classes of society in the rude merriment 
of a country wake was designed to bring out the follies and vices of 
them all. A few gentlemen and ladies of the old school, of courtly 
manners and decent carriage, were brought in to set out by contrast 
the boorishness, the insolence, and the mad drunken bouts of Aubrey's 
contemporaries. A mixed company of sow-gelders, carters, dairy- 
maids, gypsies, were to give evidence, in dialogue and song, of the 
coarse talk and the vile ideas of the vulgar. And a still more dis- 
reputable rout of squires who had left their wives and taken up with 
cook-maids, and of heiresses who had run away with grooms, was to 
exemplify the degradation of the gentry. In several cases, over the 
names of his Dramatis Personae, Aubrey has jotted the names or 
initials of the real persons he was copying. 

The plot was to have a double movement ; on the one hand, the 
innocent loves of a boy and girl of gentle birth, living in -disguise as 
shepherd and dairy-maid, the ' Lord and Lady of the Maypole,' and, 
on the other band, the fortunes of an adulteress, pursued by her 
husband, following her paramour in page's attire, jealous of his atten- 
tions to other women, ending in murder all round ' Raynes a comes 
and invades Sir Fastidious Overween, and is slayne by him ; and 

* Apparently the real name of the injured husband. 

334 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives J 

then Sir Fastidious neglects her ; she comes and stabbes him, and 
then herselfe.' 

The scene, on the title-page, is laid, for a blind, at 'Aldford in 
Cheshire, by the river Dee, St. Peters day, 1669' ; but in act i, scene 
I, Aubrey, laying pretence aside, places it on 'Christian Malford 
green ' in his own district in Wiltshire, near Kington St. Michael, 
Draycot Cerne, etc. 

Taken as a whole, both in what is written out and in the anecdotes 
collected to be worked into the plot, the comedy affords a terrible 
picture of the corruption of Aubrey's county and times. It may be 
compared with the society pictures in Anne Bronte's The Tenant of 
Wild/ ell Hall. 

Two scenes, of the less offensive ones, may serve to give a faint idea 
of this curious piece of seventeenth century realism.) 


Act II, scene iii. 

A faire roome. Enter Sir Eglamour, Lady Euphrasia, Lady 
Pamela : to them, Sir Eubule Nestor ; then, squire Fitz-ale. 

Sir y. Fitz-ale. Sir Eglamour, your most humble 

Sir Eglamour. Sir John Fitz-ale, the welcomest man 

Fitz-ale. Save you, ladies ! Pm come to wayte on you 
at the famous revell here, to help celebrate the festivall of 
St. Peter. 

Ladyes. Most kindly donne, Sir John ! We heard you 
strictly kept his virgil last night at Justice Wagstaff's. 

Fitz-ale. So strickt that none of us have been a-bed 
to-night, that's the trueth on't. I beleeve, since the 
Conquest, St. Peter had never a merrier eve observed. 

Ladyes. Pray, Sir John, favour us to let us heare some 
of the mirth. 

Fitz-ale. Why, ladies, yesterday we Cheshire gentlemen 
mett at a barrell of ale at the bull-ring where we sufficiently 
bayted both bull and barrell ; and having well dranke 
there, staved and tayled, till 5 a-clock i' th' afternoon, wee 

* MS. Aubr. 21, pp. 8 sqq. 

Aubrey's Comedy 335 

were invited to the Justice's ; where being come into the 
great hall wee mett for a good omen the servants labouring 
at heaving into the cellar a teirce of French wine, newly 
brought by the barge from Chester. Faith ! we had 
a frolique, and voted it (nemine contradicente] to have itt 
sett abroach in the midest of the hall. To worke we goe, 
and we four knights mount the tierce, bestride it, like the 
quarter files* d Amond upon one horse. Then we dranke 
his Majestie's health, the Queen's, and the royall family : 
then, faire ladies, (he bowes) your two healths ; then, our 
mistresses : then, God knows who till the cooke knockt for 
supper. So the tierce was reprieved till after supper, a 
guard sett over it. As wee were going to sitt downe to 
supper in the parlour a sudden quarrell arose between Sir 
Fastidious Overween and Captain Quarelsome about 
precedency. To cuffs they fell, all in confusion ; the 
ladies cryed out, Sir Fastidious' great periwig was throwne 
into the fire and made an abominable stinke. 

Sir Eubule b . Blesse me ! What unheard of rudenesse ! 
This to be donne at a gentleman's house and by gentlemen, 
senators, parliamentary justices of the peace ! 

Sir y. Fitz-ale. In this scuffle the chiape of Capt. 
Quarelsome's sword hitcht in the cubboard of glasses: 
downe came all the glasses of the butler with a most 
dreadfull esclate. But this is not all the cross-bar c of 
Sir Fastidious' sword hitchd in my old ladie's vaile and 
pluckt it off, together with her periwig, and showed her 
poor bald old death's head. 

Sir Eubule. Lord blesse me ! 

Sir J. Fitz-ale. The Justice and I struck in between 
'em and parted 'em, and, with something more trouble then 
staving and tayling dog and bull d , they were reconciled 
and sate down opposite to each other. To a noble supper 
we sate downe. 

After supper desert was brought. My country gentlemen 

n i. e. ; quatre fils d' Aymon ' of the old romance. 
b Aubrey notes that this speech is ' an eK<t>ojvr](ns.' 
c Dupl. with ' hilt.' d Dupl. with ' beare.' 

336 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives' 

catcht and snatchd like schoolboies and gobbt up the 
sweetmeats like ducks, and . . . And being very drunke, 
some putt even marmalade into their pocketts. A noble 
carpet in the parlour trayled on the ground, which with 
their dirty bootes they made the faire edge and bordure as 
dirty as a woman's saddlecloth. 

Supper being ended, faith ! the justice would have the 
tother bout at the butt for a confirmation of friendship a 
between the two antagonists. I could not refuse to help 
carry on such a good worke of charity. So we drank 
friendly on till 2 a-clock i' th' morning. By that time you 
may well thinke our braines were well warmd. We sung b , 
hooped, hallowd, jubilled set the cennell of hounds all in 
a larum. We had the wenches and all the servants of the 
house to participate in the great jubilee. 

Well, about daybrake 'twas the generall vote for the 
unhinging of the cellar dore and throwe it from the preci- 
pice of the clifFe into the Dee. The good old dore. that 
haz turnd on his hinges for these two centuries of yeares 
in the dayes of his hospitable ancestors, was taken downe, 
and by four tall fellowes borne to the cliffe. Hautboies c 
loud musique playd before ; the bearers followed ; and then 
came the chiefe mourners, the butler, brewer, and pantler, 
weeping with blubbered eies for the decease of that had 
turnd out and doubled in the dayes of his hospitable 
ancestors : ' it was an ill omen d of the fall of that ancient 

Sir Eubule. And they sayd well. I knew their Justice's 
grandfather and great grandfather too. (They) kept 12 
men in blew coates and badges. We had no such doings 
in their daies. They were sober, prudent ; kept good well- 
ordered hospitality. We are like to have a fine world 
when Parliament men and Justices shall give such lewd 
example. . . . 

* Dupl. with 'cup of reconcilia- the first line or burden of an appro- 

tion.' priate Baccharalian song. 

b Aubrey writes in the margin, c Subst. for ' the waytes.' 

' Looke, looke then, boy '. ' ; perhaps d Dupl. with ' boding.' 

Aubrey's Comedy 337 

Fitz-ale. Well ! after the mourners, we came with our 
levetts* and clarions. Then the rest. We had the sow- 
gelder there, who loud performes the thorow-base. The 
dogges tooke it in turne too along the river into Chester, 
and sett all the dogges there barkeing. 

Ladies. I warrant the country people thought you 

(Sir Eubule b : And well they might, by my troth !) 
or that there was an insurrection of the fanatiques. 

Fitz-ale. My tall lads c hand downe the dore, and 
committ it from the cliff to the deepe. Downe, downe, it 
falls ; but yet with severall bounds it made as with disdaine 
to be at last so servd for's long and faithfull service. Into 
the river Dee down dash it d fell and away towards Chester 
swimmes. but seemed to give a e mournefull/^ ri scay quoy 

and, as sighing, seemed to say 
Those that I trusted do my trust betray ! 

'Not Orpheus' harp did swimme more solempnely ! 
The Thracian dames that Orpheus did discoup, 
Whose head and harpe they into Hehrus flang, 
Were not with greater rage possest, then we!' 

Lady Euphrasia. I swear, Sir John, you have made 
a very poetical f description of it. 

Sir y. Fitz-ale. Ah ! I steepd g my muse last night in 

Sir Eiibule Nestor. Ah ! the Justice now may well be 
said to keepe an open howse. 

Sir y. Fitz-ale. Sir Eglamour, the Justice intends to 
wayte on any ladies come and dine with you. Sir Fastidious 
and the Captaine comes with him ; as also the bull-bayters, 
his old companions of the tappe ; neither witt nor learning; 
impudent swearers ; bestiall drinkers, a peck at a draught ; 

* Subst. for ' homes.' c Dupl. with ' men.' 

b By a slip Aubrey, instead of d ' he' in MS., by a slip, 
writing Sir Eubule here, writes T. T., e Subst. for flebile nescio quid.' 

i. e. the initials of Thomas Tyndale, 'Dupl. with 'pleasant' or <ro- 

whom he intended to copy in this mancy.' 
character. g Dupl. with ' dreucht.' 


338 Aubrey's 'Brief Lives 9 

hacking blades ; huge colosses, with long swords, horse-skin 
belts ; old reformados of Charles the first ; sad wretches ; 
old cinque-quaters ; bacon a -fac't fellowes ; centaures that 
looke as if they could not prove the Christian ; downe their 
beardes b . . . and dyed with mundungus c . Now, ladies, 
looke to yourselves, for every one will have a smack at 
your lipps with their unsanctified mustaches. 

Ladies. Bless us ! Fie not come neer 'em, if they be 

Fitz-ale. The Justice and's myrmidons are to drinke up 
loco of ale at mother Mackerell's. 

Sir Eubule drinke as in the dayes of Pantagruel. 

Fitz-ale. Plato saies perpetuall drunkennesse is the 
reward of virtue. 

Act III, scene iii. 

An alehouse bower. Enter Mris. Maquerell, Justice Wagstaffe, 
Sir John Fitz-ale, Captain Exceptious Quarrellsome, Sir Fastidious 
Overween, the sowgelder, and Sir Hugh the vicar, myrmidons. 

Justice Wagstaffe. Mother Margery, a merry revell to 
you ! I am come to see you according to custome. 

Margery. I thanke your worship. You are my old 
guest and acquaintance, and that does stand my friend with 
the excisemen. 

Sir Fastidious. Prithee, give us a cup of the best revell 
ale. We are come to drinke not less then 1000 of ale 
before we goe. 

Justice Wagstaffe (sings). 

Come, fill us a icoo jugges, etc. 

Margery (curtsies). Mr. Justice WagstafTe, a good 
health to your worship ! 

a Dupl. with ' bloated.' c Subst. for tobacco.' 

b i. e. drabbled with drink. * MS. Aubr. 21, pp. 14 sqq. 

Aubrey's Comedy 339 

Wagstaffe. I thanke thee, Margery. How doest doe 
Peg f ? First, I must have a kisse. Come, let's 

maydor fancy her \ 3. crowiie a piece. She's a good- 
daughter. * " . * 

natured girle. [They give.J 

Sir John Fitz-ale. Sir Hugh, drink to the king's health. 
[Sir Hugh takes off his glasse super naculum^\ 

Sir J. Fitz-ale. Bravely done, parson ! a true spunge 
of the Church of England, i' faith. 

Sir Htigh. I'm one of the old red-nosd clergy, orthodox 
and canonicall. 

Sir y. Fitz-ale. You helpe solemnize the revell. 

< In MS. Aubr. 21, p. 20, Aubrey jots down an anecdote for use here 
'All the parsons herabout/ in Wiltshire, 'are alehouse-hunters. 
J(ames) L(ong), esq., hunted Sir Hugh driefoote to the alehouse 
with his pack of hounds to the great griefe of the revered divine.') 

Z 2 


Abbot, abp. Geo., i. 24; ii. 26, 194. 

Bp. Rob., ii. 26. Wolston, ii. 

260, 261. 
Abingdon, Berks, i. 184, 185, 244; ii. 


Abingdon, (Bertie, lord Norreys), earl 

James, ist earl, i. 45, 53, 98, 192 ; 
ii. 9> 31- 

Eleanor (Lee), co. of, ii. 30-32. 

Montague, 2nd earl, ii. 31. 

Willoughby, 3rd earl, i. 98. 
Ailesbury, see Aylesbury. 

Aiton (Ayton), Sir John, i. 26. Sir 

Rob., i. 25, 332, 365. 
Albemarle, duke of, see Monk, Geo. 
Anne (Clarges), duchess of, ii. 

73, 76, 77- 

Albiis, Thos. de, see White. 
Alcorne, Rich., i. 8. 
Aldington, Kent, i. 248. 
Aldsworth, Mr., i. 15, 26. 
Alen9on, Fra^ois, due d', ii. 217. 
Alesbury, see Aylesbury. 
Alesly, Jas., ii. 71. 
Aleyn, see Alleyn. 
Alford, Sir Thos., ii. 219. 
Allam, Andr., ii. 72. Thos., i. 182. 
Allen, H., i. 310. Thos., i. 26-28, 84, 

225, 318. Mr., ii. 209. 
Alleyn (Aleyn), Chas., i. 29. 
Alsop, Dr., i. 296. 
America, i. 175, 177, 307, 310 ; ii. 103. 

alphabet for native language, i. 285. 

Barbadoes, i. 210. 

Bermudas, i. 41 ; ii. 97, 276. 

America, Davis strait, i. 210. 

Guiana, ii. 95, 183, 187, 188, 314. 

Jamaica, i. 50, 53 ; ii. 292. 

Maryland, i. 143. 

Mexico, i. 137. 

Newfoundland, ii. 314. 

New York, ii. 127, 128. 

Pennsylvania, i. 45; ii. 133, 134, 


Plantations, the, i. 53, 210 ; ii. 160. 

Tobago, i. 45, 53. 

Virginia, i. 207, 285, 287 ; ii. 49, 
100, 104, 160, 262, 314. 

Ampthill, Beds., i. 312 ; ii. 35. 
Amsterdam, i. 331, 364, 376, 421 ; ii. 

122, 130, 131. 
Anderson, Sir John, i. 116. Mr., i. 

115, 116; ii. 138. 
Andre wes, bp. Lane., i. 29 ; ii. 2, 115, 

232, 306. 
Anne, consort of Jas. I, i. 25, 251, 

254 ; ii. 14, 35. 
Anstey, Mr., i. 220. 
Anthony, Franc., i. 32. 
Apothecaries, ii. 59, 318. 
Aquapendente, H. Fabr. ab, i. 296, 


Arabic, i. 121 ; ii. 122, 224. 
Archangel, ii. 90. 
Archer, Thos., i. 32. 
Archimedes, ii. 126. 
Arderne, Jas., i. 290, 294. 
Aristotle, i. 300, 357, 359, 360; ii. 

201, 211, 212. 

Arundel Castle, Sussex, i. 172 ; ii. 

34 2 


Arundel, Thomas Howard, I4th earl, 

i- 75, 3i, 475 " 1IQ , II2 > 323- 
Aletheia (Talbot), co. of, ii. 


Arundell, Will. (?), i. 129. 
Arundell of Wardour, Thos., 2nd 

baron, i. 129. 

Ashindon (Escuidus), John, i. 16, 33. 
Ashmole, Elias, i. 33, 163, 285, 298, 

4 2 6; ii- 33,92, 109, 113, 114, 175, 

189-191, 193, 238. 

MSS. and books in his hands, i. 26, 
27, 33,44, 59, 211, 212, 224, 229, 
262, 318; ii. 33, 92, 108, 201, 247. 

His Theatr. Chem. Brit, cited, i. 
147, 162-170, 210; ii. 202. 

Ashton, John, i. 385. Sir Thos., i. 

Aspeden ( Apsten), Herts., ii. 284, 290. 

Aston, Sir Walt., i. 239. 

Astrop, Northts., ii. 303. 

Atkins, Sir Edw., i. 5 8, 60. Sir Rob., 
i. 1 06. Aid., ii. 46. 

Atwood, Rich., i. 195. 

Aubrey, John, i. 34-53, and passim. 

Aubrey, Deborah, mother of John, i. 
33, 39-5- Edw., i. 56, 57, 59, 60. 
John, grandfather, i. 49, 51, 56, 59, 
6o;ii. 298. Sir John, i. 315; ii. 5, 
7, 8, 154, 171, 268. Lewis, ii. 7, 8. 
Mary, ii. 1 54. Rachel, grandmother, 
i. 56; ii. 298. Rich., father, i. 37, 
38, 42, 46, 49-52; ii. 249, 298. 
Thos., i. 56, 57, 59, 60. Sir Thos., 
ii. 7. Thomas, brother, i. 49, 95 ; 
ii. 54, 90, 161. Wilgiford, great- 
grandmother, i. 55, 60, 6 1 . Sir Will., 
i. 59. Dr. Will., great-grandfather, 
i. 22, 49, 51, 53-66, 211; ii. 48. 
Dr. Will., of Ch. Ch., Oxon., i. 59. 
Will., brother, i. 49, 193, 304, 
323-328, 386, 389 ; ii. 260, 323. 

Augur, Mr., i. 112. 

Austin, Mr., ii. 108. 

Avebury, Wilts., ii. 325. 

Avon river, Som., i. 123. 

Aylesbury, Sir Thos., i. 187, 188, 286 ; 
ii. 16, 291, 292. 

Aylesbury, Rob. Bruce, 1st earl, ii. 
305. Thos., 2nd earl, ii. 35. 

Aylmer, Brabazon, i. 88, 92. 
Ayton, see Alton. 
Azores, ii. 315. 

Babel (Babylon) hill, Dors., i. 188. 
Babylon, i. 154. 
Backhouse, Sir Will., i. 318. 
Bacon, Francis, i. 22, 36, 66-84, 130, 
!3 2 , 177, 1 80, 196, 224, 288, 299, 

33 1 , 341, 34 8 , 37 1 , 375, 393, 394. 

395; ii. 181, 194, 301, 307. 
Bacon, Anne, i. 76. Anth., i. 76, 81. 

Eliz.,i.77. Sir Nich., i. 68, 69, 76, 

77, 81, 238. 
Bacon, Friar Rog., i. 84, 165, 184. 

187, 244. 

Badd, Sir Thos., i. 84. 
Badminton, Glouc., ii. 155. 
Bagford, Mr., ii. 94. 
Bagshawe, Edw., i. 85, 99, 187, 290 ; 

ii. 171, 261. 

Baker, Mr., ii. 90, 254, 255. 
Ball, John, ii. 153 : Sir Peter (Justice), 

ii. 180,. 185, 231, 322. Will., i. 

3555 ii- 322. 
Baltimore, Geo., and Cecil (Calvert), 

ist and 2nd baron, i. 143. 
Balzac, Jean L. G., i. 14, 66, 86, 158, 

282, 348. 

Bancroft, abp. Rich., i. 86. 
Bankes, Sir John, i. 269. Sir Ralph, 

ii. 48. 

Baramore, see Barrymore. 
Barclay, John, i. 22, 86. Rob., i. 86. 
Barker, Will., i. 385. 
Barlow, bp. Thos., i. 148, 212 ; ii. 259. 
Barnes, Jos., ii. 25. 
Barrow, Isaac, M.D., i. 93. Isaac, of 

Spinney Abbey, Cambr., i. 87, 93. 

Isaac, bp. of St. Asaph, i. 93 ; ii. 

2 57, 258. Isaac, Master of Trin. 

Coll., Cambr., i. 3, 87-94, 208, 372. 

Phil., i. 93. Thos., i. 87, 88, 89, 

93, 94. Dr. . . ., i. 94. 
Barrymore, David Barry, ist earl of, 

i. 118. 

Alice (Boyle), co. of, i. 118. 

Basket, Rev. . . ., i. 158. 
Basset, Will., ii. 171. 
Bastwick, John, ii. 174. 



Batchcroft, Thos. , i. 94. 

Bate (Bates), Geo., i. 95; ii. 176. 

John, i. 36, 51. 
Bath, Som., i. 40, 123, 169, 176, 251, 

2 79; ". i73>i 74> I 7 6 > l86 >24- 2 44. 
Bath, John Granville, ist earl of, ii. 

76, 77-. 
Bathurst, Geo., i. 28, 29, 300. Ralph, 

i. 52, 150,210,371, 377; ii. ii, 16, 

17, 24, 141, 158, 206, 288. Mr., 

ii. 19. 

Battering-ram, i. 98. 
Baxter, Rich., i. 86, 373; ii. 259. 
Bayes, Mr., i. 256. 
Bayly, Thos. (N. I. H.), i. 364. 

Thos., ii. 328. 

Baynton, Sir Edw., ii. 45, 244. 
Beach, Mr., i. 133-135. 
Beaconsfield, Bucks., ii. 274, 277, 279. 
Beaudley, Wore., ii. 259. 
Beaufort, Henry Somerset, istdukeof, 

ii. 155, 328. 

Beaumont, Francis, i. 22, 95. 
Becket, Berks., ii. 43, 47. 
Bedford, Jasper Tudor, duke of, i. 

Bedford (Russell), earl of 

Fran., 2nd earl, i. 175, 177. 

Fran., 4th earl, i. 275 ; ii. 78. 
Bedvvell, Will., i. 96. 

Bee, Corn., i. 279, 281. 

Beech, see Beach. 

Beeston, Will., i. 96; ii. 14, 227, 233, 


Belvoir, Leic., i. 230. 
Bemerton, W 7 ilts., i. 309 ; ii. 323. 
Bendish, Sir Thos., i. 90. 
Benese, Rich., i. 97. 
Bennet, bp. Rob., i. 418. 
Bere, Dors., ii. 89. 
Berkeley, Miss, i. 98. 
Berkhampstead, Herts., ii. I. 
Bermudas, ii. 341. 
Bernard, Chas., i. 356. Franc., i. 

356, 392^393; " 321, 330- 
Bertie, Henry, ii. 9. James, i. 98 ; 

ii. 31. Vere, i. 50, 153; ii. 9. 
Berwick, ii. 97, 246, 328. 

Besilsleigh, Berks., ii. 84, 85, 92, 155. 

Betenham, Jer., i. 67. 

Betridge, Col., i. 108. 

Bigge, Thos., i. 253; ii. 274, 275. 

Billingsley, Sir Henry, i. 16, 99-103, 

126, 212; ii. 15, 81, in. Sir 

Henry (son), i. 102. Henry 

(grandson), i. 102. Martin, i. 103. 

Rich. (Rob.), i. 101, 103. Sir 

Thos., i. 67, 100, 102, 103. Sir 

. . . , i. 100. 
Bilson, bp. Thos., ii. 23. 
Binnion, Rev. . . ., i. 387. 
Birch, John, ii. 254. Peter, ii. 279, 


Birford, . . . , ii. 202. 
Birkenhead, Sir John, i. 104-106, 290, 

360-362; ii. 157, 173. 
Birkhead, Henry, i. 106, 361, 362 ; ii. 


Bishe, see Bysshe. 
Bishop, Col., ii. 169. 
Bishops Canning, W r ilts., i. 251, 252 ; 

ii. 184. 
Blackburne, Rich., i. 15, 18-20, 107, 

333, 359-367, 372, 386, 393, 395 ; 

ii. 113. 

Blagrave, John, i. 107. 
Blake, Rob., i. 107. 
Blandford St. Mary's, Dors., i. 36; ii. 

i/9 2 35, 330- 
Blencowe, Mr., ii. 282. 
Bletchingdon, Oxon., i. 403. 
Blount, Sir Chas., i. 248. Dr. Chas., 

i. 109, 356 (?;. Sir Chr., ii. 251 . Sir 

Henry, i. 108-111, 356; ii. 207. 

Sir Thos. Pope, i. in. 
Blundeville, Thos., i. 15, 77. 
Blunt, see Blount. 
Boleyn, Anne, i. 193. 
Bolton, Rob., i. 85. 
Bond, Henry, i. 15. John, i. 311. 

Thos., ii. 240. 

Bonham, Thos., i. 108, in, 424. 
Bonner, Edm., i. in. 
Booker, John, i. 112, 318. 
Boothby, Mr., ii. 107. 
Boston, Mr., i. 311. 

Richard,' in error. 



Boswell, Sir Will., i. 73, 211, 212; 

ii. 130. 
Bourman, Thos., ii. 2. Sir . . ., ii. 


Bourne, Mr., i. 417, 424. 
Bovey, Jas., i. 112-115, 141, 305; 

ii. 271. 
Bowman, Franc., i. 371 ; ii. 197. Mr., 

i. no. 
Boyle, Lewis, i. 1 20. Robert, i. 1 1 8, 

120, 372, 411, 412 ; ii. 182. 
Bradon forest, Wilts., i. 343; ii. 135. 
Bradshaw, Sarah, ii. 61. Mr., ii. 229. 
Bradstock (Bradenstoke) abbey, Wilts., 

ii. 322. 

Bramhall, John, i. 363, 373. 
Brampton (Bramston), Sir Franc., 

ii. 78. 

Bramston, Sir Muddiford, i. 104. 
Branker, Thos., ii. 126. 
Brawne, Sir J., i. 239. 
Brecon (town), i. 54, 59 : (shire), i. 

46, 51, 59, 276, 313. 
Breda, i. 121; ii. 45, 76, 122, 124, 

130, !3i. 

Brent, Sir Nath., ii. 245. 
Brentford, Midd., ii. 99. 
Brereton, (Brereton), baron 
-Will., 3rd baron, i. 121; ii. 124, 

Rob., 4th baron, ii. 124, 125. 
Brereton, Sir Will., i. 122. 
Brerewood, Edw., i. 122. 
Brett, Arth., i. 123. 

Bridges, Gabr., i. 204. 

Bridgewater, John Egerton, 1st earl 

of, i. 245. 

Bridgman, Sir Orl., ii. 208. 
Briggs, Henry, i. 16, 123-125, 261; 

ii. 98, 215, 292, 295. 
Bright, Henry, ii. 162. 
Brightman, Thos., i. 125. 
Bristol, Glouc., i. 36, 123, 128, 147, 

I8 5> 2 77, 3H. 3i5 403, 404; " 

297-299> 331, 332. 
Bristol, (Digby) earl of 

John, ist earl, ii. 183. 

Geo., 2nd earl, i. 227. 

Broadway, Dors., ii. 323. 

Brocas, Rich., ii. 322. 

Broke, see Brooke. 

Brokenborough, Wilts., i. 322-324, 

Brome (Broome), Alex., i. 126, 356. 

Henry, i. 126, 156, 267 ; ii. 286. 
Bromley, Sir Thos., ii. 35. 
Bromham (Bronham), Wilts., ii. 244, 

Brooke, (Greville) baron 

Fulke, ist baron, i. 67, 205, 275 ; 
ii. 250. 

Robert, 2nd baron, i. 188, 275. 
Catherine (Russell), baroness, 

i. 275. 

Robert, 4th baron, ii. 134. 
Brooke (Broke, Brookes), Chr. (of 

Oxford),!. 126; ii. 106, no, 114. 

Chr. (of Lond.), ii. 49, 50. Marg., 

i. 219. N., i. 221. Rob., i. 87. 
Broome, see Brome. 
Broughton, Edw., i. 127, 128 ; ii. 331. 

Eliz., i. 127. 
Brouncker, (Brouncker), viscount 

Will., ist vise., i. 129. 

Winifred (Leigh), viscountess, 

i. 129. 

Will., 2nd vise., i. 128, 161, 269; 
ii. 146, 147, 312. 

Browne, Anth., i. 37, 316. Israel*, 

i. 49. Sir Thos., M.D., i. 37,210, 

211. Thos., ii. 218, 248. Will. 

(poet), i. 130, 312. Will. (Triii. 

Coll., Oxf.), i. 173, 174. Maj.- 

gen., ii. 74. Mr., i. 210. 
Brownrigg, bp. Ralph, ii. 285. 
Bruce of Kinloss, Edward, ist baron, 

i. 157. Rob., 4th baron, ii. 305. 
Bruen, Mr., ii. 48. 
Bryanstone, Dors., ii. 202. 
Buckhurst, Charles Sackville b , lord, 

ii. 34. 
Buckingham, (Villiers), duke of 

George, ist duke, i. 77, 202, 205 ; 
ii. 14, 100, 209, 270. 

George, 2nd duke, i. 137, 189, 
190, 207; ii. 270, 301. 

a Occurs as a woman's Christian name. b Afterwards 6th earl of Dorset. 



Buckingham, Mary Villiers, co. of, 

ii. 270. 

Buckinghamshire, i. 178. 
Budleigh, East, Devon, ii. 192. 
Bulbridge, Wilts., ii. 89. 
Bullen, Anne, i. 193. 
Bullialdus, Israel, ii. 59, 289, 290. 
Bullock, Edward, ii. 265. 
Buntingford, Herts., ii. 283, 290. 
Burched, H., ii. 124. 
Burges, Mr., i. 48. 
Burghill, Dr., ii. 78. 
Burghley, William Cecil, baron, i. 61, 

J 5 8 , 237; ii. 28. 
Burhill, Rob., ii. 194. 
Burlington, (Boyle), earl of 
Rich., ist earl, i. 116, 118, 175- 

Burnet, bp. Gilb., i. 166, 169; ii. 


Burt, Will., ii. 265. 
Burton, Hen., ii. 174. Rob., i. 130. 
Bury St. Edmunds, Suff., ii. 3*1 1. 
Busby, Rich., i. 146, 217, 285, 410; 

ii. 127, 128, 197, 240, 257, 292, 293. 
Bushell, Thos., i. 71, 72, 83, 130-135, 


Bussey, Rev. . . . , i. 184. 
Butler, Sam., (' Hndibras'), i. 135- 

138, 146, 175, 204, 342, 371, 381 ; 

ii. 210, 277. Will., i. 126, 138- 

144 ; ii. 98. 
Butts, John, i. 270. 
Bysshe (Bishe), Edw., i. 239, 355 ; 

ii. 89. 

Cadiz, i. 223. 

Cadnam, Mr., ii. 262. 

Caen, ii. 140. 

Caesar, Sir Julius, i. ,75. Mr., ii. 


Caliver, a, ii. 320. 

Calne, Wilts., ii. 202. 

Calvert, Cecil, Geo., Leon., i. 143, 

Cambridge (University), i. 76, 90, 93, 
137, 141, 142, 178, 269, 309 ; ii. 53, 
59, 102, 124, 171, 240, 280, 284, 
293, 33 2 - (Town), i. 90, 91, 92, 
103, 360. The play at, i. 180. 

Great St. Mary's, i. 30, 139, 140 ; 
ii. 302. 
Cambridge (colleges) 

Caius, i. 94, 268, 295, 296 ; ii. 

284, S^-SiS- 

Christ's, ii. 32, 63, 67, 68, 114, 


Clare Hall, i. 138, 139, 142, 180 ; 
ii. 86. 

Emmanuel, i. 29 ; ii. 280. 

St. John's, i. 123, 174, 175 ; ii. 29, 

King's, i, 139, 143; ii. 86, 106, 
113, 204, 236, 275, 307. 

Magdalene, ii. 157. 

Pembroke Hall, i. 29, 403 ; ii. 3, 
2 32, 234. 

Peterhouse, i. 88. 

Queens', i. 95, 200, 203, 247, 248. 

Sidney, i. 257; ii. 108, 283, 284, 

Trinity, i. 76, 88, 89, 93, 107, 414; 
ii. ii, 17, 114, 122, 196, 257, 301. 

Camden, Will., i. 42, 144-147, 267, 
322, 392; ii. .11, 15, 42, 57, 206, 


Camden (Came Down), Dors., ii. 323. 
Canons Ashby, Northts., i. 240. 
Canterbury, i. 206, 296; ii. 84, 217, 


Canterbury, abp. of, ii. 124. 
Canynges, Will., i. 147. 
Caporavio, . . . , ii. 328. 
Carberry, (Vaughan), earl of, ii. 95, 


Cardiff, Glam., i. 315 ; ii. 55, 171. 
Cardiganshire, i. 131. 
Carew, Thos., i. 34. 
Carey, Sir Edm., i. 193. 
Carisbrooke Castle, I. of W., i. 197, 

Carlisle, Anne Howard, co. of Charles, 

ist earl, ii. 325. 
Carlton, Sir Dudley, i. 279. 
Carnarvon, (Dormer), earl of, i. 130, 

Carnwarth, Rob. Dalzell, 2nd earl of, 

i. 191. 

Carteret, Phil., i. 290. . . . , ii. 174. 
Cartwright, Will., i. 148. 



Casaubon, Isaac, i. 96. 

Caspars, J. B., i. 354. 

Castlehaven, Mervyn Touchet, 2nd 

earl, i. 71, 121. 

Castlemaine, (Palmer), earl of 
Roger, ist earl, ii. 176. 
Barbara (Villiers), co. of, 

i. 128. 

Catafalque, ii. 10, 77, 321. 
Cavendish, Sir Chas., i. 153, 366, 

370, 386. Col. Chas., i. 154- 
157. Tho., ii. 192. 

Cavendish of Hardwick, Will., ist 

baron, i. 396. 
Chalk, Broad Chalk, Wilts., i. 40, 44, 

316; ii. 76, 113, 275, 307, 333. 
Chaloner, Jas., L 160. Rich., ii. 

275. Sir Thos., i. 69. Thos. 

(father), i. 159, 160. Thos. (son), 

i. 159; ii. 55. 
Chamberlayne,Edw.,ii. 324. Hugh, 

ii. 60. 
Champernowne, Kath., i. 262 ; iL 


Chandos, baron, i. 423. 
Chantrel, Mr., ii. 102. 
Chapell, Mr., ii. 63. 
Charles I, Prince Charles, i. 104, io8> 

118, 148, 151, 156, 159, 171, 196, 

206, 218, 288, 289, 297, 333; ii. 2, 

13, 44, 52, 56, 93, 150, 1 86j 208, 

267, 280, 3 i8(?). 
Charles II, Charles Prince of Wales, 

i. 86, 87, 124, 207, 218, 219, 239, 

283, 297, 335, 338-343, 354, 368, 

371, 381, 385, 394, 395,. 397, 402, 
403, 45 5 ii- 8, 28, 45, 58,. 74-78, 
80-83, 103-105, in, 1 19, 123, 127,. 
l tt> J 34> ^S, 143, !7 6 > i95i- 202, 
232, 237, 238, 241, 252, 255, 276, 
277, 286, 287, 318, .330. 

Charleton, Francis, ii. ii.. Walt., i. 

67, 161, 371 ; ii. 300. 
Charlton, Wilts., i. 32.3, 391. 
Charnock, Tho., i. 162-170. 
Chaucer, Geoffrey, i. 96, 170, 189, 

193, 219 ; ii. 318, 319. 
Chelsea, Middl., i. 70, 75, 131, 196, 

271, 284, 307, 313; ii. 82, 84, 


Cheshire, i. 267, 293, 427; ii. 307, 


Chester (city), i. 131. 
Chester, Chas., ii. 184. 
Cheynell, Fran., i. 172, 174. 
Chichester, Sussex, i. 172. 
Chichley, Sir Tho., ii. 79. 
Chigwell, Essex, ii. 132. 
Child, Tho., ii. 179. 
Chillingworth, Will., i. 151, 171, 370. 
Chippenham, Wilts., i. 242 ; ii. 181. 
Chivers, Secole, ii. 326. 
Christ Church, Hants., ii. 97, 288. 
Clarendon, (Hyde) earl of 

Edward, ist earl, i. 136, 373, 426 ; 
ii. 4, 6, 291. 

Henry, 2nd earl, i. 12, 426, 427 ; 
ii. 291. 

Clarendon park, Wilts., ii. 247. 
Clarges, Anne, ii. 73, 76, 77. Tho., 

ii- 73, 7 6 - 

Clark, Ben., ii. 133, 136, 138. 
Deborah, ii. 61, 68. Sir Francis, 
ii. 93. Geo., ii. 173. John, i. 


Clavell, John,.!. 174. 
Clavius, Chr., i. 94, 333. 
Cleonardus, Nic., i. 144. 
Cleveland, John, i. 174. 
Clifford of Lanesborough, Chas. Boyle, 

3rd baron, ii. 13. 
Clifford Castle, Heref., ii. 172. 
Clinton, Edw. Fiennes, baron, i. 235. 
Clinton, Gervase, i. 396. 
Clun,. . . . , ii. 14. 

Cluverus, Joh., i. 338. Mr., ii. 1 26. 
Coaches, i. 60, 340, 347 ; ii. 249, 267, 

3 2 3. 

Cobham, Henry Brooke, baron, ii. 187. 
Cockaine, Mr., i. 71. 
Codrington, Jane, i. 34. 
Coke, Sir Edw., i. 56, 57, 70, 178, 

197, 290; ii. 150, 194, 246, 318. 

Frances, i. 197. Roger, i. 178, 


Colbert, J.-B., i. 180; ii. 59. 
Coldwell, bp. John, i. 202. 
Cole, Dr., i. 137. Mr., ii. 312. 
Colepeper, John, ist baron, i. 218. 

Thos., 2nd baron, ii. 262. 



Colepeper (Culpeper), Nich., i. 318. 

Colet, John, i. 181. 

Coley, Henry, i. 48, 49, 52, 181, 393, 

425 ; ii. 105, 118, 260. 
Collins, John, i. 153, 159, 182 ; ii. 

in, 293, 312, 315, 316, 332. 

Mark, ii. 207. Sam., i. 8 ; ii. 284, 

307. Mr., ii. 195. 
Colyton, Devon, ii. 192. 
Combe, John, ii. 226. 
Compostella, i. 147. 
Conant, John, i. 210. 
Confucius, i. 115. 
Conquest, Sir Edm., ii. 93. 
Constable, Sir John, i. 77. 
Constantinople, i. 90, 91, 108. 
Conyers, Mr.,, ii, 191. 
Conyoke, Mr., ii. 50. 
Cooke, Anne, i. 76. Arnold, i. 309. 

Sir Rob., i. 309. 
Cooper (Cowper), Alex.,i. 222. Sam., 

i. 136, 150, 182, 222, 338, 340, 354, 

368, 394, 4 10 ; "* 115, 145- BP- 

Tho., i. 36, 120, 183. 
Coote, Dr., i. 309. 

Copernicus, Nic., L 238, 419 ; ii. 59. 
Corbet, Edw., ii. 244. Bp. Rich,, i. 

183-188, 270, 286 ; ii. 310. Vine. 

(sen.), i. 183, 184. Vine, (jun.), i. 


Cork, ii. 133. 
Cork, CBoyle), earl of 

Rich., ist earl, i. 8, 115-120. 

Cath. (Fenton), co. of, i. 116, 


Rich., 2nd earl, i. 116, 118, 175, 
176, 177. 

Eliz. (Clifford), co. of, i. 175, 


Cornbury, Oxon., i. 194. 

Cornwall, ii. 95, 329. 

Cornwalleys, Sir Franc., ii. 225. Mr., 

i. 228, 231. 

Coryat, Tho., i. 188; ii. 51-53. 
Cosens, bp. John, i. 353, 398; ii. 287. 
Cosh, major, i. 185 ; ii. 78, 93, 185. 
Cosham, Wilts., i. 193. 
Cossinet, Fran., ii. 237. 
Cothorne, Mr., ii. 128. 
Cottington, Fran., baron, ii. 145. 

Cotton, Chas., ii. 38. Sir John, ii. 
219, 225. Sir Rob., i. 74, 212; 
ii. 219, 224. Sir Tho., ii. 224. 

Coventry, Sir Tho., ii. 29. 

Coventry, Warw., i. 150, 256, 406. 

Cowbridge, Glam., ii. 5-7. 

Cowley, Abr., i. 76, 189, 219, 226, 
368, 377. . . .,i. 193. 

Cowper, see Cooper. 

Cox, lady, ii. 251. 

Cradock, Franc,, i. 290. Zach., ii. 
278. . . . , i. 191. 

Crane, John, i. 139. 

Cranfield, Arthur, ii. 50. 

Cressy, Hugh, i, 150, 427. 

Cribbage, ii. 245. 

Croft, bp. Herb., i. 39. Sir . . . , ii. 

Cromwell, Oliver, i. 90, 132, 155, 156, 
196, 268, 290, 328, 335 ; ii. 10, 32, 
37, 45, 47, 53, 65, 70, 72, 74, 79, 
123, 131, 274, 276, 281, 301, 316, 
322. Rich., ii. 46, 123, 301. 

Crooke, Andr., i. 359, 360, 364, 369. 
Will., i. 333-391 ; ii. 29. 

Croone, Will., i. 191, 290. 

Crowther, Jos., ii. 255. 

Croydon, Surrey, i. 200. 

Crump, Mr., ii. 94. 

Cruso, John, i. 58. 

Cuff, Henry, i. 179. 

Culpeper, see Colepeper. 

Cumberland, (Clifford), earl of Cum- 
berland, i. 175-177. 

George, 3rd earl, i. 175 ; ii. 315. 

Henry, 5th earl, i. 176. 
Curie, bp. Walt., i. 173. 
Cuitin, Sir Will., i. 191. 
Curwyn, Mr., i. 280. 
Cusa, Nich. di, ii. 319. 
Cutler, Sir John, ii. 411, 412. 

Dale, Val., i. 56, 58. 

Dalen, . . . , i. 221. 

Dan by, (Henry Danvers), earl of, i. 

192, 193, 195, 196, 258; ii. 31, 


Danby, Tho. Osborne, earl of, ii. 105. 
Daniel, Sam., i. 230. 
Dantesey, see Dauntesey. 



Danvers, Anne, i. 196 ; ii. 31, 32. 
Sir Chas., i. 192, 194. Chas., i. 
310. Eliz. (Nevill), i. 193. Eliz., 
see Purbec. Grace (Hughes), i. 
196. Henry, see Dan by. Mr. 
Henry, i. 196, 258. Jane, i. 310. 
Sir John (obiit 1594), i. 195; ii. 
247. Sir John (regicide), i. 70, 

75, 12 4> 13*, J 34> I7 8 l8 > 195, 
196, 230, 244, 245, 258, 307, 308, 
313; ii. 12, 30, 31, 32, 82. Mr. 
John, i. 195, 196, 248. Magdalen, 
i- *95> 37> 3*3; " 16. Rachel 
and Rich., i. 56; ii. 298. Sir 
Rob., i. 196. R., i. 194. Rob., 
see Purbec. Tho., i. 309, 310. 

Danvers-Villiers, family, i. 196. 

Dartmouth, Geo. Legge, baron, i. 194. 

Dary, Mich., i. 198. 

Dauntsey, Wilts., i. 124, 192-194, 196, 

Davenant, Chas., i. 137, 209. Edw., 
merchant, i. 198, 199, 200. Dr. 
Edw., i. 42, 183, 198-203, 257; ii. 
86, 302. Jas., i. 203. John, 
vintner, i. 204. Bp. John, i. 198- 
204,257; 11.289. John, barrister, 
i. 52, 198, 203. Nich., i. 204. 
Rev. Rob., i. 204, 206; ii. 244. 
Sir Will., i. 171, 204-209, 216, 275, 
360, 370; ii. 55, 82, 103, 226, 233, 

Davenport, John, i. 209. 

Davis (Davies, Davys), capt. John, i. 

210. Sir (Dr.) John, i. 2 1 2 . Dr. 
John (Welsh diet.), i. 324. John, 
of Kidwelly, i. 306, 352 ; ii. 228, 
299,322. Mr., 1.98. Mr.,.i. 308. 

Davison, Dr., i. 336. 

Davton, Tho., i. 168. 

Dawes, Jon., i. 91. 

Day, John, i. 100. 

Dayrell, Sir John, ii. 292, 295. 
Miss . . ., i. 292, 295. 

Dean, Forest of, ii. 327. 

Decretz, Emanuel, ii. 10, 55, 167. 

Dee, Arthur, i. 210-212. John, i. 
I 6 > 33, 59, 6i> 65, 100, 210, 215, 
237, 238, 262. Rowl. (sen.), i. 

211. Rowl. (jun.), i. 210. 

Deekes, Jon., i. 387. 

Deere, Tho., i. 215 ; ii. 144. 

Deering, Sir . . . , ii. 153. 

Delamaine, . . . , ii. in. 

Delaune, Gideon, i. 216. 

Delawarr, Chas. West, 5th baron, ii. 

Dell, Mary, i. 385. 

Denham, Eleanor, i. 217. Sir John, 
judge, i. 216, 217, 219; ii. 18. 
Sir John, poet, i. 190, 206-208, 
216-221, 263; ii. 18, 217, 233, 
306. Margaret, i. 219. 

Deodati, Carlo, ii. 63. 

Deptford, Kent, ii. 295. 

Derby, (Stanley), earl of 

Edw., 3rd earl, i. 233. 

Will., 6th earl, i. 229. 
Derby, Mr., ii. 311. 

Des Cartes, Rene, i. 201, 221, 261, 

366, 367,411. 
de Valke, see Valke. 
Devonshire, i. 262, 306, 354 ; ii. 72, 

Devonshire, (Cavendish), earl of 

Will., ist earl, i. 331, 39- 

Will., 2nd earl, i. 154, 156, 330, 
33 1 * 347> 386, 393, 39 6 - 

Christian (Bruce), co. of, i. 

154, 156, 157, 396, 397- 

Will., 3rd earl, i. 154, 341, 346, 

35 1 . 354. 355, 357 3^ 3 8 3> 3 8 5> 
386, 395, 396, 397. 

Dewes, Sir Symond, ii. 311. 

Digby, Sir Everard, i. 213, 223, 224. 
Geo., i. 231. Sir John, i. 224, 
225 ; ii. 241, 244. Mr. John, 
i. 223, 228, 229, 231. Sir Ken., 
i- 28, 37, 131, 190, 224-233, 367; 
ii. 34, 113. Mr. Kenelm, i. 227, 
231. Venetia (Stanley), i. 127, 
226, 229-233. 

Digby of Geashill, Robert, ist baron, 
i. 118. 

Digges, Dudley, i. 233, 236. Leon., 
i. 16, 233-239. Tho., i. 16, 233, 
235, 236-239. 

Dighton, Mr., i. 422. 

Dinton, Wilts, i. 427. 

Dobson, Gerard, ii. 274, 278, 280. 



Judith, ii. 318. Will., i. 38, 5 1 , 
78; ii. 318. . ..,i. 78. 
Dockwra (Dockery), Will., ii. 91, 


Dod, John, ii. 300. 
Dodington, Sir Fran., ii. 37. 
Dodson, Rev. . . . , i. 101. 
Dolman, Sir Tho., i. 293. 
Domville, Silas, ii. 256. 
Donne, John, i. 59, 68, 307, 308, 313, 

418; ii. 14, 50. 

Donnington Castle, Berks., i. 170. 
Dorchester, Henry Pierrepoint, marq. 

of, i. 138; ii. 207. 
Dore Abbey, Heref., i. 423. 
Dorset, (Sackville), earl of 

Tho., ist earl, i. 229 ; ii. 209, 210. 

Rob., 2nd earl, i. 229 ; ii. 209. 

Rich., 3rd earl, i. 67, 100, 115, 
127, 175, 177, 226, 229, 230, 231 ; 
ii. 209, 246. 

Anne (Clifford), co. of, i. 175, 

*77> 2 39- 

Edw., 4th earl, i. 171; ii. 115, 


Rich., 5th earl, i. 104; ii. 209. 
Frances (Cranfield), ii. 210. 

Chas., 6th earl, i. 21; ii. 210. 
See Buckhurst. 

Dorsetshire, i. 84, 262. 

Douay, i. 171. 

Douch, John, ii. 24, 27. 

Dover, countess of, ii. 31. 

Downton, Wilts., ii. 178, 184. 

Drake, Arth., i. 194. Sir Franc., 

ii. 189, 192. 
Draper, John, ii. 100. 
Draycot, Draycot Cerne, Wilts., i. 

176, 388; ii. 184. 
Dray ton, Mich., i. 239 ; ii. 30. 
Drew, John, i. 251, 252. 
Droitwich, Wore., i. 230, 232, 285. 
Drury, Will., i. 58. 
Dryden, Erasmus, i. 240; ii. 232. 

John, i. 25, 97, 209, 240, 241, 257, 

37 2 5 " 55, 67, 72, 232, 279. 
Dublin, i. 149, 216; ii. 68, 101-103, 

138, 143, 147, 154, 264. 
Ducket, Will., ii. 327. 
Dudley, Henry, i. 28. 

Dugdale, Sir John, i. 209, 241. Sir 
Will.,i. 33, 51, 133, 146, 181, 233, 
241, 267, 275,312,317,355,418; 
ii. 89, 219, 226, 232, 237. 

Duke, Dr., i. 135. Mr., ii. 192. 

Dumoulin, Louis, ii. 29, 206. Peter, 
ii. 69. 

Dun, Sir Daniel, i. 53, 56, 65. 

Duncomb, Sir John, i. 263. Dr., i. 
149. Mr., ii. no. 

Dungannon, Anne Trevor, vise., ii. 


Dunkirk, i. 287 ; ii. 87, 256. 

Dunmore, John, i. 92. 

Dunning, Mr., i. 190. 

Dunstable, Sir John, i. 242. Mr., 

i. 178, 1 80. 
Dunstan, Saint, i. 242. 
Duport, Dr., i. 89. 
Duppa, Brian, i. 281. 
Durham, ii. 261. 
Dutch, the, see Holland. 

Earles, bp. John, i. 95, 96, 145, 151, 

152; ii. 28, 76, 214. 
Easton Piers, Wilts., i. 35, 36, 40, 44, 

49, 5i. 

Eastwell, Kent, i. 419. 
Eastwood, John, i. 33. 
Edgar, king, ii. 255. 
Edgehill, Warw., i. 108, 148, 297. 
Edinburgh, i. 422 ; ii. 99. 
Edmund, Saint, (Rich), i. 244. 
Edward the Confessor, i. 241. 
Edward I, i. 185. Edw. II, i. 260. 

Edw. Ill, ii. 56. Edw. VI, ii. 

Egeiton, Sir John and Sir Rich., i. 

244. Sir Thos., see Ellesmere. 

Maj-gen., ii. 22, 93. 
Egham, Surrey, i. 217, 219, 221 ; ii. 


Eglionby, Geo., i. 151, 370. 
Elector, the Prince, see Palatine. 
Elgin, Tho. Bruce, ist earl, i. 312 ; 

ii- 35- 

Elizabeth, queen, i. 28, 54, 55, 58, 59, 
61, 145, 193, 213, 214, 319, 420; 
ii. 32, 180, 181, 183, 186,214, 217, 
267, 270. 



Elizabeth, daughter of James I, i. 

295; ii. 14, 225. 
Ellesmere, Salop, i. 245. 
Ellesmere, Tho. Egerton, baron, i. 69, 

T22, 244; ii. 13, 52. 
Elowys, Sir John, ii. 178, 189, 195. 
Elsing, Henry, ii. 108. 
Elyot, Sir Tho., i. 69. 
Emerson, H., ii. 306. 
Enstone, Oxon.,i. 131-135, 229, 233. 
Ent, Sir Geo., i. 245, 247, 248, 299, 

301, 37> 379> 3 8 o, 382 ; ii. 265. 

Mr. Geo., i. 245, 380 ; ii. 264. 
Erasmus,!. 154,240, 241, 246-250; 

ii. 83-85, 319. 
Erigena, Joannes, i. 391. 
Esher, Surrey, ii. 309. 
Essex, ii. 4, 13,63, 95, 123, 124, 131. 
Essex, Sir . . . , ii. 43. 
Essex, (Devereux), earl of 
Walt., ist earl, ii. 250, 251. 
Lettice (Knolles), co. of, ii. 


Rob., 2nd earl, i. 69, 76, 179, 192, 
222; ii. 251. 

Rob., 3rd earl, ii. 10, 321. 
Estcott, Rich., i. 220. 
Estcourt, Geo., i. 160. 

Estrees, Cesar d', cardinal, and Jean d', 

admiral, i. 283. 
Etching, i. 407. 
Etherege, Geo., i. 15. 
Eton College, i. 120, 278-281, 418 ; 

ii. 105, 106, 113, 214-216, 236, 

274, 278, 307. 
Ettrick, Anth., i. 43, 47, 52, 116, 

119, 203, 250; ii. 18, 89, 161, 172. 

Will., i. 250. Mrs , i. 202. 
Evans, Rev . . . , i. 328, 393. 
Evelyn, John, i. 53, 250, 407, 408 ; 

ii. 109, 112. 
Everard, Mr., ii. 236. 
Exeter, ii. 193. 

Exeter, John Cecil, 4th earl of, i. 158. 
Ewyas Lacy, Heref., i. 423. 
Eynsham, Oxon., i. 233. 
Eyres, Sam., ii. 27. 

Fabricius, Germanus, ii. 69. 
Fairfax, Will., ii. 234. 

Fairfax of Cameron, Tho., 3rd baron, 

i. 250; ii. 70, 87, 207. 
Fairfax of Emley,Will., 3rd, and Tho., 

4th, vise., i. 88. 
Fairstead, Essex, ii. 265. 
Falcanti, Giovanni, ii. 318. 
Faldo, J., ii. 137. Mrs., i. 212-214. 
Fale, Tho.,i. 15. 
Falkland, (Gary), viscount 

Henry, 1st vise., i. 149. 

Lucius, 2nd vise., i. 149-153, 172- 
174, 365; 275, 287. 

Lettice (Morison), viscountess, 

i. 149, 150. 

Henry, 3rd vise., i. 208 ; ii. 45. 

Anth., 4th vise., i. 149. 
Fanshawe (Fenshawe), John, ii. 27. 

Sir Rich., ii. 55. Mrs., ii. 24, 25. 
Farnaby, Tho., i. 29, 72, 106. 
Farnham Castle, Surr., i. 218. 
Farr, Mr., i. no. 
Faucet, Mr., i. 67. 
Faulkner, Eliz., i. 231. Nich., i. 

Fell, John,i. 2, 19,343-346; ii. 309- 

311. Sam., i. 185; ii. 233. 
Felsted, Essex, i. 88, 116. 
Felton, John, i. 205. 
Fenshawe, see Fanshawe. 
Fenton, Sir Geoff., i. 116, 117, 120. 

Sir Maur., ii. 142. 
Feriby, Geo., i. 251. 
Field, John, i. 92. Rich., ii. 38. 
Fielding, Rob., i. 197. 
Fiennes, Sir Edw., i. 235. 
Filmore, Sir Rob., i. 145. 
Finch, Sir Moyle, 1.419. 
Fisher, Sir Rich. (Tho.), ii. 261, 263. 

Will., ii. 98. ...,ii. 36. 
Fiske, Nich., i. 252. 
Fitzgerald family, i. 118. 
Fitz-hamond, Sir Rob., i. 315. 
Fitz-hardinge, Chas. Berkeley, vise., 

i. 98. 

Fitz- william, Will., 2nd baron, ii. 312. 
Flamsted, Edm., i. 261. John, i. 8, 


Flatman, Tho., i. 252 ; ii. 152, 305. 
Fleetwood, Sir Gerard, ii. 30. Sir 

Will., i. 253. Sir Will., ii. 30. 


Flesher, J., i. 103. 

Fletcher, Giles, i. 213. John, i. 95, 

96, 254; ii. 317. 
Florence, i. 319, 366 ; ii. 270. 
Florio, John, i. 254. 
Fludd, Tho., i, 145, 308 ; ii. 105, 196. 
Fobbing, Essex, ii. 123, 124, 127, 131. 
Folkestone, Kent, i. 295. 
Ford, Sir Edw., i. 255. Henry, i. 

Foresthill (Fosthill), Oxon., ii. 61, 

64, 65. 

Fortescue, Sir John, i. 229. 
Foster, Sam., i. 256. 
Foughelston (Fugglestone), Wilts., i. 


Fountains Abbey, Yorks., i. 177. 
Fowler, John and Kath., ii. 152, 153. 
Foxe, John, i. 256, 268. Sam., i. 

257. Mr., ii. 104. 
France, i. 54, 61,63, 153, 181, 270, 

283, 315. 399, 4 2 5 32, 59> 7 2 
80, Si, 86, 133, 140, 180, 241, 242, 
252, 302. Enslavement of Pro- 
testants in, i. 45, 270. Refuge of 
Royalists, i. 105, 206, 207, 334, 
3 6 9> 37> 397 39 8 5 ii- 276. Sphere 
of educational travel, i. 39, 47, 90, 
94, 112, 154, 159. 288, 296, 396, 
397, 398; ii. 7, 36, 44, 63, 132, 
156, 240, 247, 304. French lan- 
guage, i. 113, 181, 254; ii. 68, 87, 
122, 133, 140, 156, 164, 170. 
Charles VIII, ii. 320. Francis I, 
i. 241, 249, 315. Henry III, ii. 
217. Henry IV, i. 81. Louis 
XIII, ii. 81, 96. Louis XIV, i. 
50, 106, 181, 207, 270, 353, 384; 
ii. 81, 120, 252. 

Freeman, Ralph, ii. 284, 285, 290. 
Mr.,ii. 283. 

French, Peter and Robina, ii. 300. 

Fromantle, Mr., ii. 59. 

Fromundz, Jane, i. 215. 

Fulham, Midd., i. 74,254; ii. 94, 119. 

Fuller, Nich., i. 31, 257. Tho , i. 
29, 60, 100, 1 1 8, 126, 144, 158, 
249, 2 = 7, 267 ; ii. 223, 310. Mr., 
ii. 148. 

Furbisher, Simon, i. 258. 

Gadbury, John, i. 215, 241, 252, 258, 

356, 392, 393 ; ii- 99. IO 4. J39. 

324. Will.,i. 258. 
Gainsborough, Lines., i. 155, 156. 
Gale, Peter, i. 47. Dr. Tho., i. 84, 

94, 139, 140, 143, 190, 259, 282; 

ii. 95, 191. Will., i. 388. 
Galileo, i. 366. 
Gardiner, bp. Steph., i. 69. Mr., i. 


Gargrave, lady, i. 196. 

Garnet, Anne, i. 310. 

Garnons, Mr., ii. 254. 

Garsington, Oxon., i. 29; ii. 22, 23, 
2 5. 

Garth, Rol., i. 265. 

Gascoigne, Will., i. 260; ii. 79-81. 

Gassendi, Pierre, i. 366, 367, 398. 

Gastrell, Mr., ii. 260. 

Gataker, Chas. and Tho., i. 151. 

Gawen, . . . , i. 316. 

Gay, Anne, i. 388, 389. 

Gayton,Edm., ii. 47. 

Gazaeus, Angelinus, i. 242. 

Gellibrand, Henry, i. 261, 366 ; ii. 

Geneva, ii. 63. 

George, Hugh, i. 59. 

Gerard, Gerard, i. 246. Mr., i. 

Gerard of Brandon, Chas., ist baron, 
ii. 4, 28. 

Germany, i. 100, 113, 159 ; ii. 54, 133. 
Sphere of educational travel, i. 90, 
112, 159; ii. 240, 247. Language, 
High Dutch, i. 113, 375 ; ii. 69, 87, 
122, 125, 170. Low Germany, see 
Holland. Emperor, (?) Rodolph II, 
ii. 43. Ferdinand III, i. 407. 
Leopold I, i. 412. 

Gibbon (Gibbons), Chr., i. 196. John, 
i. 241, 242, 268 ; ii. 296. Mr., ii. 


Gibson, Edw., i. 126. 
Gilbert, Adrian, i. 262, 311; ii. 178. 

Will., i. 73. 
Gill, Alex, (sen.), i. 171, 262-266. 

Alex, (jun.), i. 171, 174, 262-266. 

Thos., ii. 264. 
Gillingham, Dors., i. 200-203. 



Glanville, Jos., i. 266, 285. 
Glastonbury, Som., i. 243. 
Glendower, Owen, i. 267. 
Glisson, Fran., ii. 167. 
Gloucester (city), i. 147, 151, 3 J 5 

422; 11.249,252,329: (shire),!. 

278 ; 11. 319. 
Gloucester, Henry Stuart, duke of, 

i. 218. 

Glover, Rob., i. 267. 
Glyn, John, i. 137. 
Goclenius, . . . , ii. 54, 174. 
Godbid, A., i. 182. W., i. 255. 
Goddard, Jon., i. 268. 
Godfrey, Sir Edm. Bury, i. 269, 320. 

Mr., i. 141. 
Godolphin, Sir Fran.,ii. 27. Sidney, 

i. 9> 365, 37 1 ? 2 75- 

Goldman, Mr., ii. 119. 

Gondomar, i. 244. 

Goodall, Stephen, i. 133, 135. 

Goodman, Gabriel, dean of West- 
minster, i. 60. 

Goodwyn, Tho., i. 269. Will., i. 
185; ii. 214. 

Goodyear, Henry, ii. 51. Mr., i. 

I3 1 , 134- 

Gore, Tho., i. 270 ; ii. 43, 260. 
Goresuch, Mr., i. 270. 
Gorges, Arthur, sen. andjun., i. 270, 

271. Ferd., i. 192. 
Gorges of Dundalk, Edm., 1st baron, 

ii. 78. 
Gorhambury, Herts., i. 19, 71, 79, 

81, 84, 331, 393, 394. 
Goring, George, baron, see Norwich. 
Goring, gen. Geo., i. 118. 
Gotehurst, Bucks., i. 228, 232. 
Gower, John, i. 271. 
Grantham, Lines., i. 155, 156. 
Graunt, Henry, i. 271. Maj. John, 

i. 271-274; ii. 141, 142, 150. 

John, ii. 86. 
Gravelines, i. 287. 

Greatorex, Ralph, i. 181, 276 ; ii. in. 
Greaves, Edw., i. 274. John, ii. 

284, 285. 

Greece, i. 94, 154. 
Greek language, i. 144, 150, 154, 325, 

3 2 9> 349> 403, 46, 4 1 7 > " "> 64, 

68, 102, T22, 140, 164, 194, 214, 

215, 224, 258, 297. 

Green, Anne, 11. 141, 148. 

Greenhill, J., ii. 12. 

Green way, Mr., i. 58. 

Gregory, Sir Will., i. 2 74. . . . , 

i. 274. . . .,11.95. 
Grenbergerus, . . . , ii. 80. 
Grendon, Bucks., ii. 226. 
Grenville (Granville), John, ii. 76, 77 

(' Rich.' in error). 
Gresham, Sir Tho., i. 274; ii. 121. 
Grew, Nehem., i. 40. 
Grey, lady Kath., i. 66. 
Grey of Wilton, Arthur, baron, ii. 

1 80. 
Griffith (Griffyn), Peter, ii. 88. R., 

11. 166. . . . , ii. 71. 
Grimston, Sir Harb., i. 66, 76, 78, 

393 ; ii. 10, 76. 

Grostest, bp. Rob., ii. 169, 223. 
Grosvenor, Sir Tho., i. 293. 
Grove, Will., i. 200. 
Gubbins, Herts., ii. 85. 
Guernsey (Garnsey), i. 290; ii. 174. 
Guiana, see America. 
Guildford, Surrey, i. 24. 
Gunning, Peter, i. 276. 
Guns, ii. 320. 
Gunter, Edm., i. 276; ii. 215, 295. 

Capt., i. 196. 
Guy, John, i. 277. 
Gwynn, Matt., i. 32, 212. Phil., i. 

104; it 90. . . .,1. 277. 

H., Sir J. (quaere Sir John Hoskyns), 

i. 270; ii. 142, 225. 
Haak, Theod., i. 26, 375 ; ii. 54, 69, 

128-131, 324. 
Habington, Will., i. 277. 
Hacket, bp. John, i. 146. 
Haggar, Mr., i. 286. 
Haines, see Hayne. 
Hake, Mr., i. 212. 
Hale, Sir Matt., i. 278, 394; ii. 203, 

204, 221, 225. 
Hales, Sir Jas., i. 96. John, i. 

Hall, bp. Jos., i. 159, 281; ii. 115, 

150- .,(S. J.), 1.227; ii-34- 



Hallely, Mr., i. 363, 366, 381, 382, 


Halley, Edm., i. 8, 282. 
Hamey, Baldwin, i. 284. 
Hammond, Henry, i. 19. 
Hampden, Ann, ii. 274, 280. Edm., 

ii. 279, 280. 
Hampshire, ii. 95. 
Hampton Court, Midd., ii. 28, 309. 
Hancock, John, ii. 27. 
Harcourt, Will., i. 225, 284. 
Harding, Eleanor, i. 322, 384, 385, 

388. . . . , ii. 330. 
Hardwick, Derb., i. 383. 
Hardwick, Will., ist baron Cavendish 

of, i. 396. 

Harington, see Harrington. 
Hariot (Harriot, Herriot), Tho., i. 

16, 176, 187, 284-287; ii. 16, 95, 

1 88, 192, 257, 291, 292. 

Harley, Sir Edw., i. 53, 287 ; ii. 256. 

Sir Rob., sen., i. 287, 419 ; ii. 182. 

Sir Rob., jun., i. 157, 288. 
Harper, Tho., ii. 37, 112, 295. 
Harrington (Harington), Jas., i. 288- 

2 95> 3 6 6, 376; ii. 54, 148. 185, 

189, 193, 267. John, baron, i. 
288, 295. Sir Sapcote, i. 288, 294. 

Harriot, see Hariot. 

Harris, Rob., ii. 23. 

Harrison, Will., ii. 228. 

Harsnet, Sam., ii. 211. 

Hart, Mr., i. 292. 

Hartlib, Sam.,i. 295; ii. 71, 129, 149. 

Harvey, Eliab,i. 295-299, 302. Dr. 

Will., i. 72, 295-305, 337, 365, 

368 ; ii. 16, 167, 291. 
Harwich, Essex, ii. 254-256. 
Hastings, Mr., ii. 127. 
Hatton, Chas., i. 389, 391. Chr., 

ist baron, i. 389; ii. 198. Sir 

Tho., ii. 284. Sir . . . , i. 179. 
Hault Hucknall, Notts., i. 383. 
Hausted, Peter, ii. 198. 
Hawes, Will., i. 52, 149, 173 ; ii. 285, 

290, 303. 
Hawking (falconry),!. 51, 331 ; ii. 37, 

267, 298, 317. 
Hawles, John, i. 305. 
Hay, Breckn., ii. 293. 

Hayes, Devon, ii. 192. 

Hayes, Surrey, ii. 264. 

Haynes (Haines), Mr., i. 53 ; ii. 309. 

Hay ward, John, i. 57 ; Mr., ii. 220. 

Haywood, Will., ii. 298. 

Head, Rich., i. 305. 

Heath, Jas., i. 306. Sir . . . , i. 306. 

Hebrew, i. 420 ; ii. 68, 120, 122, 164, 
194, 224, 258. 

Hele, Elize, i. 306. 

Hempslead, Essex, i. 296. 

Hen, Henry, ii. 149. 

Henchman, Humph., ii. 86, 267. 

Henderson, . . . , i. 156. 

Henley, Sir Rob., i. 293, 306; ii. 187. 

Henrietta Maria, consort of Chas. I; 
the Queen Mother, i. 133, 134, 190, 
207, 216, 218, 225, 270; ii. 8, 176, 

Henry VIII, i. 193, 315 ; ii. 248, 309. 

Henry, Prince of Wales, i. 159, 194, 
254; ii. 50, 52, 80, 190, 314,315- 

Henshaw, Tho., i. 320, 321, 354, 
418; ii. 13, 108, no, 270. 

Herbert, bp. of Norwich, i. 187, 188. 

Herbert, Edw., i. 315. Geo., i. 68, 
76, 194-196, 37> 3<>9> 313- Jane, 
i. 310. Magdalen, i. 195, 307, 
313. Rich., i. 313. Sir Tho., 
i. 289 ; ii. 228. See also Pembroke, 
earl of. 

Herbert of Chirbury, Edward, baron, 
i. 68, 196, 307, 313, 370. 

Herbert, Will., lord (afterwards 6th 
earl of Pembroke), i. 48, 218. 

Herbert family, i. 313, 314. 

Hereford (city), i. 422; ii. 5, 254: 
(cathedral), i. 187, 419; ii. 254, 
321 : (shire), i. 39, 154, 267; ii. 

256, 3I9> 329- 
Heringman, H., i. 221. 
Hertfordshire, ii. 95. 
Hertford, (Seymour), earl and marq. 


Edw., ist earl, i. 57, 66. 

Will., 2nd earl, ist marq., i. 57, 
66; ii. 202. 

Hesketh, Mr., i. 38, 51. 
Hesse, landgrave of, ii. 62. 
Hevelius, Joannes, i. 283, 412 ; ii. 290. 


A a 



Heydon, John, i. 318. 

Heylyn, Peter, i. 275, 319 ; ii. 220. 

Highlands of Scotland, ii. 81. 

Hill, Abr., i. 101, 135; ii. 69, 206. 

Laur., i. 320. Nich., i. 319; ii. 

15, 192, 270. Oliver, i. 120. 

Rich., ii. ii. Tho., i. 89. Rev. 

. .,ii- 313. 

Hillbrewers, Som., ii. 330. 

Hine, see Hynd. 

Hobbes, Thomas, ' of Malmsbury,' i. 
3, 16-21, 25, 44, 50, 70, 74, 75, 83, 
105, 151, I5 2 , J 54 3 J 73, 207, 222, 
289, 299, 301, 320, 321-403; ii. 6, 

7, 7 3 , 1T 3> 139, H , !44> J 53, 169, 
214, 221, 275, 277, 281, 289, 293, 

Hobbes, pedigree of, i. 322, 388. 
Edmund, brother of Thomas, i. 322, 

324, 325, 327, 329, 384, 385, 388. 
Edmund, grand-nephew. i. 322, 325, 
389. Francis, uncle, i. 322, 324, 
388,391. Francis, nephew, 1.322, 

325, 337> 387, 388, 389. Thomas, 
father, i. 322, 323, 324, 327, 387, 
388, 391. Thomas, grand-nephew, 
i- 322, 325, 337, 385, 389. 

Hobbes, Dr. Will., i. 261. Mr. Will., 

i. 387. 

Hodges, Mr., i. no. 
Holbein, Hans, ii. 83-85. 
Holbitch, Mr., i. 87-89. 
Holder, Will., i. 31, 44, 378, 403-405, 

409; ii. 214, 281, 285, 312. 
Hole, Mr., ii. 42. 
Holland, the Dutch, the Netherlands, 

the Low Countries, i. 63, 73, 112, 

113,210,235,236,288,408; ii.i2, 

73, 74> 78, 87, 132, 147, 249, 271. 

The Dutch language, Low-Dutch, 

i. 113, 361; ii. 87, 122, 170. 

Lower Germany, i. 407 ; ii. 133. 
Holland, Hugh, i. 73, 406; ii. 49, 51. 

Philemon, i. 150, 248, 406. 
Holland, Henry Rich., ist earl of, 

i. 227. 

Hollar, Wenceslaus, i. 301, 407. 
Holies, Denzill, i. 227. - 
Holmby, Northts., i. 288. 
Holm-Lacy, Heref., i. 27. 

Holt, Mr., i. 213. 

Holybush, John, i. 408. 

Holyoke, Franc., i. 106. 

Holywood, John, i. 408. 

Hoode, Thos., i. 409. 

Hooke, Grace, i. 416. John, i. 409. 
Rob., i. 43, 120, 126, 130, 140, 
164, 166, 371, 381, 409-416; ii. 

252, 261, 263, 281, 292, 302, 
312-314. Mr., i. 395. 

Hooke, Hants., i. 409. 

Hooker, Rich., i. 69; ii. 115. 

Hooks and eyes, i. 205. 

Hopton, Arth., i. 16, 84, 242 ; ii. 223. 
Ralph, baron, ii. loo. 

Hopton family, i. 279. 

Home, Mr., i. 342, 381. 

Homer family, i. 279. 

Horsey, capt, i. 115. 

Hortensius, Martinus, ii. 122, 130. 

Horton, Mr., ii. 113. 

Hoskins, John, painter, i. 409 ; ii. 115. 
John, of Trin. Coll., Oxon., ii. 24, 

Hoskyns, Benedicta, i. 424. Sir 
Bennet, 1.416, 422, 423; ii. 12, 204, 
223. Anne, wife of Sir Bennet, 
ii. 13. Chas., i. 416. Jane, i. 
425. Rev. John, D.C.L., i. 416, 
420, 424. John, serj.-at-law, i. 3, 
319, 416-425; ii. 12, 48-50, 53, 
188, 192, 328. Sir John, i. 8, 43, 
50, 220, 290, 294, 319, 320, 367, 
418, 421, 425 ; ii. 32, 49, 225, 319. 
John, i. 425. See Hoskins. 

Hoste, Mr., i. 112, 113. 

Hotham, . . . , i. 155. . . . , i. 160. 

Houghton-Conqtiest, Beds., i. 32 ; ii. 
93, 3i6. 

Houghton Lodge, Beds., i. 312. 

Hounslow, Midd., i. 219; ii. 37. 

Howard, hon. Chas., &c., i. 425, 426. 
Sir Rob., i. 297. Hon. . . . , i. 360. 

Howe, Josias, i. 186, 217; ii. 226, 

253. Mr. . . . , ii. 86, 88. Mr. 
. . ., ii. 177. Mrs., ii. 23. 

Howel-Da, i. 211. 
Howell, Jas., i. 228, 348; ii. 203. 
Howland, lady, i. 302. 
Hucknall, Notts., i. 383. 



Hues, Rob., i. 15, 286, 287, 426 ; 

ii. 1 88. 

Hugo, magister, i. 244. 
Hull, Yorks., ii. 53. 
Humble, Mr., ii. 41. 
Hungary, ii. 247. 
Hungerford, lady, i. 48. 
Hunsdon, Rob. Carey, 6th baron, 

ii. 332. 

Hunt, Mr., i. 71. 
Hussey, Jas., i. 330, 393. 
Hyde, pedigree of, i. 427 ; ii. 323. 

Bp. Alex., i. 427; ii. 287. Sir 

Rob., i. 303, 427. 
Hynd (Hyne, Hine), Rich., i. 154, 

387; ii. 294, 297. 

Idney, Mr., i. 71. 

Ilchester, Som., i. 417 ; ii. 308. 

lies, Tho., ii. 303. 

India, i. 71, 157; ii. 90, 200, 235. 

Ingelbert, Mr., ii. i, 60. 

Tnglefield, lady, i. 284. 

Innocent, John, ii. I. 

Innocent X, pope, i. 225, 226. 

Ipswich, Suff., ii. 308, 312. 

Ireland, i. 41, 47, 59, 88, 116-121, 
149, 198, 199, 217, 256, 268, 422; 
ii. 13, 91, 101-103, 132-135, 138, 
141-149, 154, 180, 199, 233. 
Irish language, ii. 268. Irish 
nursing, i. 120. Irish stitch, i. 


Iron-acton, Glouc., ii. 172, 181. 

Ironside, bp. Gilb., ii. 170. 

Isaac, Rich., ii. 50. Mr., ii. 28. 

Isaacson, Henry, ii. 2. Rich., ii. 2, 
3, 4. Will, and Randall, ii. 3. 

Isharn, Sir Just., ii. 20. Mr., ii. 20. 

Islip, Adam, i. 93. 

Italy, i. 101, 153, 247, 254, 299, 312, 
408, 421 ; ii. 35, 72, 203, 275, 320. 
A sphere of educational travel, 
i. 39, 90, 94, 112, 120, 154, 159, 
288, 296, 300, 396, 397 ; ii. 63, 64, 
156, 240, 247. See also Rome. 
Italian language, i. 113, 193, 254; 
ii. 68, 122, 156. 

Ives, Sam., i. 135. 

Ivy church, Wilts., ii. 247. 

Jackson, Mr., i. 346. 
Jacobs, Henry, i. 348; ii. 224. 
Jakeman, Dan., i. 289. 
Jamaica, ii. 341. 

James I, i. 8, 25, 30, 31, 56, 66, 70, 
71, 82, 139, 146, 171, 178, 180, 185, 

202, 224, 251-254, 266, 421; ii. 4, 
10, 13-15, 28, 41, 52, 60, 186-188, 

203, 321. 

James II, i. 86; ii. 149, 238. See 


Jaquinto, . . . , ii. 4. 
Jaspar, John, ii. 135. 
Jeffreys, John, ii. 122. 
Jenkins, David, i. 13 ; ii. 4-6. Sir 

Leoline, i. 44 ; ii. 5-9. 
Jermyn, Henry, baron, i. 189, 205. 
Jersey, ii. 174, 187. 
Jessamine, ii. 323. 
Jessop, John, i. 202. 
Jesuits, i. 94, 137, 221, 225, 229, 260, 

367; ii. 34, 54, 79, 80, 140, 143, 

175, 189, 235, 261, 272. 
Jewkes (Jukes), Rowl., ii. 231, 235. 
Johnes, Tho., ii. 31. 
Johnson, Aubrey's spelling for Ben 

Jonson. See Jonson, Ben. 
Johnson, Geo., ii. 9. Rich., ii. 221, 

222, 225, 259. 

Jones, Henry, i. 58. Inigo, i. 161, 
219, 296; ii. 10,51. Tho., ii. n, 
88, 89. Tho., ii. 31. Tho., ii. 
261. . . . , i. 231. 

Jonson, Ben, i. 25, 68, 97, 128, 151, 
179, 184, 205, 208, 214, 224, 228, 
231, 232, 245, 319, 321, 332, 356, 
365, 37> 406, 418; ii. 11-17, 2 8, 
36, 49, 55, 100, 184, 192, 217, 220, 

223, 226, 239, 246, 275, 330. 
Joyner, Sir Andr., i. 61. 
Jukes, see Jewkes. 

Juxon, bp. Will., ii. 287. 

Katherine, consort of Chas. II, i. 250, 

3435 & 43 2I 3' 227. 
Kaufman, Nich., ii. 58. 
Kelly, Edw., i. 210. 
Kem, Sam., ii. 269. 
Kent (county), ii. 95. 
Kent, Mi., ii. 88. Mr., ii. 260. 

A a 



Kent, (Holland), earl of, i. 406. 
Kent, (Grey), earl of 
Henry, 8th earl, ii. 220, 224. 
Eliz. (Talbot), co. of, i. 135, 

137, 138 ; ii. 220, 221, 225. 
Kersey, John, ii. 1 7. 
Kettell, Ralph, i. 27, 95, 173, 174; 

ii. 17-27, 119, 162. 
Keulen, Ludolph van, ii. 27. 
Kidderminster, Wore., ii. 259. 
Kildare, (Fitz-gerald), earl of, i. 118. 
Killigrew, Tho., i. 190. 
Kilmanton (Kilmington), Wilts., ii. 

86, 161, 162, 168-170, 260. 
Kilmore, earl of, ii. 143. 
King, John, bp. of London, i. 74. 
Kingston-on-Thames, Surrey, i. 95, 

243; ii. 2, 103. 
Kington St. Michael, Wilts., i. 27, 34, 

35, 49, 5> 132, J 54> 36, 388, 

389; ii. 183. 
Kitson, Rich., ii. 27. 
Knib, Mr., ii. 59. 
Knight, John, i. 386. Rich., i. 310. 

Mrs., i. 1 06. 
Knolles, Sir Franc., ii. 251. Rich., 

ii. 28. 
Knowyll (East Knoyle), Wilts., i. 

403; ii. 311-313- 
Knox, Mr., ii. 322. 

Lacy, John, ii. 12, 14, 28, 101, 104. 
Laindon, Essex, ii. 123, 124, 127, 131. 
Lake, lady, ii. 283. 
Lambert, John, i. ii ; ii. 74, 87, 152. 
Lamphire, John, ii. 235. 
Lamplugh, bp. Tho., i. 201. 
Lane, Edw., ii. 29. 
Langbaine, Gerard, i. 84. 
Latham, Simon, ii. 317. 
Latimer, (Nevill), baron, i. 193. 
Latimer, Rob., i. 35, 50, 299, 326- 

332, 393- 
Latin, i. 35, 36, 181, 276, 301, 329, 

331, 396, 44> 4*7, 4 J 9; 64* 68, 

8l, 98, IO2, 122, 140, 224, 227, 

2 97 3 2 3- The medium of State 
correspondence, i. 417; ii. 53, 65, 
71. A spoken language, i. 113, 
120; ii. 17, 123, 133, 194. Latin 

grammars, Brett's, i. 123; Erasmus', 
i. 249 ; Hartlib's, i. 295 ; Lilly's, 
ii. 119; Milton's, ii. 66; Oughtred's, 
ii. no; Tong's, ii. 262, 263; 
Wolsey's, ii. 309. Latin diction- 
aries, Cooper's, i. 36, 120, 183; 
Goldman's, ii. 119; Milton's, ii. 
66, 71. 

Latrone, Meriton, i. 305. 

Laud, Will., i. 104, 171, 174 ; ii. 18, 
174, 220, 231, 280, 283. 

Lauderdale, John Maitland, duke of, 
ii. 81. 

Laurel, ii. 323. 

Laurence, Sir John, ii. 84. Philip, 
i- 3 2 3, 361. Will., ii. 197. 

Lavington, Wilts., i. 196, 258. 

Lawes, Henry, i. 352. 

Lee, pedigree of, ii. 31, 32. 

Lee, Geo., ii. 231. Sir Henry (obiit 
i6n),ii. 30-32. Sir Henry ('Whip 
and away'), ii. 30, 31. Sir Henry 
(obiit 1631), ii. 30, 31, 198. Sir 
Henry (obiit 1659), i. 196; ii. 31, 
32. Sam., i. 182. Will., ii. 32. 
Capt. . . . , i. 409 ; ii. 144. 

Leech, Abs., i. 98. Sir Edw., i. 43 ; 
ii. 36. 

Leeke, Mr., i. 101. 

Legge, Mr., i. 194. 

Leicester, ii. 310. 

Leicester, Robert Dudley, earl of, i. 
27, 183, 236; ii. 251. 

Leicester, Robert Sydney, 2nd earl of, 
ii. 275, 280, 291. 

Leigh-de-la-Mere, Wilts., i. 35, 50, 

Lely, Sir Peter, i. 410. 

Lenthall, Sir John, ii. 46, 84, 85, 
87. Will., i. 149; ii. 78, 150. 

Leominster, Heref., ii. 150, 258. 

Lepanto, ii. 28. 

L'estrange, Sir Hamond, i. 170. 
Rog., i. 170, 293. 

Levant, the, i. 108. 

Lewis, David, i. 58. 

Le Wright, Mr., ii. 103. 

Leyden, i. 107, 120; ii. 27, 272. 

Lhwyd, Edw., i. 21. 

Lichfield, Staff., i. 275. 



Lichfield, Edw. Henry Lee, ist earl 

of, ii. 30, 32. 
Lidyate, see Lydiat. 
Liege, i. 197, 227, 404; ii. 34, 42, 

Lilly, Will, (grammar), ii. 119, 309. 

Will, (astrologer), i. 33, 40, 182, 

318; ii. 33. Mr., i. 410. 
Limerick, ii. 294. 
Linden, Mrs., ii. 73. 
Lingua franca, i. 113. 
Linus, Franc., ii. 34. 
Lisle, Rob. Sydney, vise., ii. 250. 
Lismore, i. 116, 120. 
Lister, Mart., ii. 35. Sir Matt., i. 

312; ii. 35, 230. 
Littlebury, Mr., i. 32, 45. 
Littlecote, Wilts., ii. 159, 160. 
Littleton, Sir Tho., i. 180, 196. 
Llannelly, Breck., i. 59. 
Llantony, Monm., i. 416. 
Llantrithid, Glam., i. 39, 56, 315 ; 

ii. 7, 8, 268. 
Lloyd, David, i. 193, 307; ii. 113. 

Evans, ii. 35. Humph., ii. 266. 

Sir Marm., ii. 269. Meredith, i. 

66, 211, 212, 243,295,307; ii.i66, 

201, 202, 266. Bp. Will., ii. 257. 
Lluelyn, Geo., and Mart, ii. 36. 
Lock, Matt., ii. 254. 
Lodwick, Franc., i. 166 ; ii. 302. 
Loggan, David, i. 93, 283, 338, 354 ; 

ii. 145- 

Lollards, i. 178. 

London, passim. In the Lives Aubrey 
cites by name about 140 streets 
and quarters, over 50 churches, 20 
' houses,' 20 inns or taverns, and 
about 25 shop-signs. 

Long, Barbara, i. 270. Dorothy, 
ii. 36, 185, 1 86. Henry, i. 193- 
195. Sir James, i. 43, 176, 270, 
324, 388 ; ii. 36, 184. James, ii. 
339. John, ii. 184. Sir Rob., 
i. 194; ii. 48. Sir Walt., i. 270, 
312; ii. 36, 181,184, 192. . . ., 
i. 194. 

Long family, i. 316. 

Longomontanus, Christian Severin, 
i- 154>37<>; 125, 130. 

Lopez, Roger, i. 213. 

Louis XIV, see France. 

Lovelace, Franc., Rich., Will., ii. 37, 

Low Countries, the, Low Dutch, Low 

Germany, see Holland. 
Lowder, Anth., ii. 135. 
Lowe, Sir Gabr., ii. 172. Tho., ii. 


Lower, Rich., ii. 166. 
Lucar, Cyprian, ii. 38. Mark, ii. 


Lucas, Anth., i. 404. 
Luce (Lucy), Jacob, i. 100, 102. 
Lucy, bp. Will., i. 373. Lady, ii. 

Ludlow, Salop, i. 136, 270; ii. 9, 

Lully, Raymond, i. 164, 166, 168, 211, 


Lundy island, i. 131, 132. 
Lushington, Tho., i. 186-188. 
Lydall, John, i. 43, 52 ; ii. 21, 37. 

Rich., ii. 303. 
Lydiat, Tho., i. 15. 
Lyte, Deborah, i. 35, 49, 50. Edm., 

i. 154. Henry, ii. 41. Isaac, 

i- 35, 36, 49 5 r > J 33, 146, 252, 

299; ii. 42, 179, 181, 308, 317. 

Israel (a female Christian name), 

i. 49, 51 ; ii. 42. Tho., i. 387; 

ii. 41, 42. 

Macclesfield, Chas. Gerard, ist earl 

of, ii. 28. 

Maeock, John, ii. 74. 
Madock, John, i. 60. 
Mainwaring, bp. Rog., i. 334. 
Malay, i. i a i . 
Malet, Mich., i. 75, 290; ii. 219. 

Sir Tho., i. 354; ii. 182, 186, 219, 

Malmsbury, Wilts., i. 19, 20, 50, 

323-3 2 95 332, 342, 387-395 5 i- 37> 


Man, Isle of, i. 160 ; ii. 95. 
Manchester, Henry Montagu, ist earl 

of, i. 74. 

Mandeville, Sir John, ii. 42. 
Mangerton, Kerry, ii. 142. 



Manners, . . . (S.J.), ii. 34. 
Mansell, Anth., i. 56. Sir Fran., 

ii. 7. Dr. Fran., ii. 8. Sir 

Rob., ii. 203. . . . , ii. 250. 
Many, Sir . . . , ii. 38. 
Mapletoft, John, i. 94. 
Marlow, Chr., ii. 13. 
Mariet, Tho., i. 130, 151, 239, 280, 

290; ii. 59, 75, 177, 195, 322. 
Markham, Gervase, i. 53; ii. 43. 

John, i. 312 ; ii. 43. Griffin, ii. 

43. Col. . . ., i. 155. 
Marlborough, Wilts, ii. 186, 243. 
Marlborough, William Ley, 4th earl 

of, i. 388. 

Marriet, see Mariet. 
Marshall, Will., i. 239, 240, 295, 

296 ; ii. 10, 43, 218. 
Martin family, ii. 47, 48. 
Martin (Martyn), Sir Henry, ii. 43, 

44. Henry, i. 159, 208; ii. 6, 

43> 44-47, 156, i57- J hn > " 

176. Rich., i. 418 ; ii. 47-51. 
Martin Marprelate, ii. 48. 
Marvell, Andr., i. 91, 288, 293; ii. 

53> 56, 72, 257, 304. 
Mary Tudor, queen, i. 254, 256, 316 ; 

ii. 200. 
Mary, queen of Scots, i. 56, 57, 65 ; 

ii. 186, 213. 

Mary, consort of Chas. I, see Henrietta. 
Mason, Sir John, i. 53. Sir Rich., 

i. 104. 
Massey, Edw., i. 128, 151 ; ii. 75, 


Massinger, Phil., ii. 54. 
Masters, Tho., i. 309. Mr. . . . , ii. 

Matthews, Augustin, ii. 113. Col., 

ii. 213. Mr., i. 124. 
Matthews' pill, i. 91. 
Maunsell, see Mansel. 
Maurice, prince, i. 104. 
May, Tho., i. 209 ; ii. 55, 264. 
Mayerne, Sir Theod., i. 113 ; ii. 90. 
Maynard, Sir John, i. 137, 208, 306; 

ii. 203. 

Mayne, Jasper, i. 352, 370. 
Maypole, ii. 66, 77, 236. 
Mazarin, cardinal, i. 181 ; ii. 87. 

Meautys, Sir Tho., i. 71, 76. 
Mees, Nich., i. 134. 
Melanchthon,, Phil., ii. 58. 
Mellifont, Garret Moore, baron, i. 

Menis, Sir John, i. 206 ; ii. 38, 242, 


Mercator, Dav., ii. 59. Nich., i. 
94, 144; ii. 58, 109, 263. Gerard, 

ii. 3i5- 

Meriton Latrone, i. 305. 

Merret, Chr., ii. 59. 

Merry, Tho., ii. 59. 

Mersenne, Marin, i. 154, 366, 397, 
398 ; ii. 293. 

Mershe, John, ii. 121. 

Merton abbey, Surrey, i. 97. 

Meyrick, Sir Will., ii. 8. 

Middlesex, ii. 95. 

Middlesex, Lionel Cranfield, earl of, 
i. 96, 406; ii. 49, 56, 57, 210. 
Anne (Brett), co. of, ii. 245. 

Middlesex, Chas. Sackville, earl of, 
ii. 210. 

Middleton, Sir Hugh, i. 255; ii. i, 

Milburne, Will., ii. 78, 79. 

Miles, Mr., i. 213. Mr., i. 289, 

Millington, Sir Tho., ii. 227. 

Milton, John, i. 7, 213, 290; ii. 60- 
72, 152. 

Milton, Anne (sister of the poet), and 
Anne (daughter), ii. 61. Chr. 
(brother), ii. 61,62,63. Deborah 
(daughter), ii. 61, 64, 68. Eliza- 
beth Minshull (wife), ii. 6 1, 65, 66, 
72. John (?) (grandfather), ii. 61, 
62. John (father), ii. 61, 62, 66, 
67. John (son), ii. 61. Katherine 
Woodcock (wife), ii. 65. Mary 
Powell (wife), ii. 61 , 64, 65 . Mary 
(daughter), ii. 61, 68. Rich, 
(nephew), ii. 61. Sarah Brad- 
shaw(mother),ii.6i, 66. Thoma- 
zine (sister-in-law), ii. 61. 

Minshull, Eliz., ii. 61, 65. 

Mompesson, Sir Giles, ii. 220, 225. 

Monk, Geo., i. 94, 291, 294; ii. IQ, 
72-78,87,289,321. Nich., ii. 77. 



Monmouthshire, i. 51, 158, 314; ii. 

Montagu, bp. Rich., ii. 220. Sir 

Will.,1. 158. Lady (Mary Aubrey), 

i. 230, 300; ii. 152, 154. Mr., 

i. 32. 

'Montelion,' ii. 152. 
Montgomery castle, i. 307, 308, 313, 


Montgomery, Phil. Herbert, ist earl 
of, i. 175, 320. Susan (Vere), co. 
of, i. 320. Anne (Clifford), co. of, 

i- 175- 
Montjoy, Will. Blount, 4th, and Chas., 

5th, bavon, i. 248. 
Moore, Sir Garret, i. 217. Sir Jonas 

(sen.), i. 124, 260, 332, 369, 394; 

ii. 59, 78-81, 108, 142, 314, 316. 

Sir Jonas (jun.), ii. 80. See also 


Moorhampton, Heref., i. 419. 
Moray, Sir Rob., i. 208, 285 ; ii. 81, 

202, 269. Lady, ii. 244, 245. 

Miss . . . , i. 152. See also Murray. 
Morden, W., i. 103, 107. Mr., ii. 


Mordiford, Heref., ii. 328. 
More, Alex., ii. 69, 70. Henry, i. 

141, 142. Sir Tho., i. 69 ; ii. 82- 

85, 89, 155. Mr., ii. 84. Mrs., 

ii. 44, 382. See also Mooie. 
Morehouse, Lane., i. 20 ; ii. 86, 326. 
Morgan, SirTho.,ii. 86-88. William, 

i. 294 ; ii. 88. ... (of Oxford), 

i. 54. Mr., i. 136. Mr., ii. 95. 

Mr., ii. 99, 102, 104. 
Morian, John, ii. 130. 
Movison, Sir Rich., i. 149. 
Morley, bp. Geo., ii. 15, 16. 
Morris, Mr., ii. 321. 
Morton, card., ii. 85, 89. 
Mouffet (Muffet), Tho., i. 311 ; ii. 89, 


Moxon, Mr., i. 282. 
Mulcaster, Rich., i. 29, $\. 
Mummy, i. 133. 
Munday, Mr., ii. 90. 
Murray, Rob., ii. 90, 262, 324. See 

also Moray. . 

Mynne, Rich., i. 361. 

Nalson, John, ii. 207. 

Napier, John, of Merchiston, i. 125. 

Dr. Rich., i. 32, 33, 224, 229, 241, 

262511.43,91,92,247. SirRich., 

ii. 92. 

Naseby, Northts., ii. 280. 
Nash, Mr., ii. 312. 
Nayler, ?John, i. 174, 175. 
Naylour, Will., i. 156. 
Nealand, Will., i. 91. 
Neale, Sir Will., ii. 93. Will., ii. 


Needier, Mr., ii. 196. 
Neile, Sir Paul, i. 372 ; ii. 94, 254. 

Rich., ii. 93, 94. Will., ii. 94. 
Nevile, Eliz., i. 193. Henry, i. 109, 

289-293 ; ii. =o. 

Newark-on-Trent, Notts., i. 156, 174. 
Newbury, Berks., i. 152; ii. 265. 
Newcastle-on-Tyne, ii. 328. 
Newcastle-on-Tyne, William Caven- 
dish, earl, marq., duke of, i. 153, 

156, 206, 359, 366, 370, 386 ; ii. 13. 

Marg. (Lucas), duchess of, i. 105. 
Newcombe, Tho., i. 361. 
Newmarket, Cambr., i. 138, 139. 
Newmarsh, Sir Bern., i. 276. 
Newport, . . . , ii. 69. 
Newport, I. of W., i. 287, 409. 
Newton, Isaac, i. 15, 414, 415. 

John, ii. 94. 

Newton-tony, Wilts., i. 203. 
Niceron, Jean-Fran9ois, i. 367. 
Nicholas, Sir Edw., i. 151. 
Nicholson, James, i. 97. 
Nightingale, . . . , i. 24. 
Nimeguen, ii. 8. 
Norborne, Henry, i. 107. 
Norden, John, ii. 94. 
Norfolk, ii. 79. 
Norfolk, Tho. Howard, ist earl of, 

i. 408. See Arundel. 
Norfolk, Henry Howard, 6th duke 

(obiit 1684), i. 228; ii. 112, 323. 
Norreys, lord, see Abingdon. 
North, Sir Fran., ii. 96. Dudley, 

3rd baron, ii. 95, 187. Rog., ii. 

95, 187, 188. Tho., ii. 96. 
Northampton, Will. Parr, ist earl of 

3 6o 


Northampton, Henry Howard, 1st 

earl of, ii. 52. 
Northampton, (Compton), earl of 

Will., ist earl, ii. 328. 

Spencer, 2nd earl, i. 188. 

James, 3rd earl, i. 175. 

Isabella (Sackville), co. of, i. 


Northumberland, John Dudley, duke 

of, ii. 250. 
Northumberland, (Percy), earl of 

Henry, 8th earl, i. 192. 

Catherine (Nevile), co. of, i. 


Henry, 9th earl, i. 285, 287 ; ii. 16, 
188, 250, 292. 

Penelope (Sydney), co. of, ii. 

Algernon, loth earl, i. 218; ii. 

Joscelyne, nth earl, ii. 263. 
Norton, Silas, ii. 136. Tho., i. 147, 

168. Capt. . . . , i. 135. 

ii. 202. 

Norwich, i. 187, 188, 210. 
Norwich, Geo. Goring, earl of, i. 118, 

121 ; ii. 124, 196. 

Norwood, Rich., i. 124; ii. 96, 315. 
Nottingham, Chas. Howard, earl of, 

ii. 184. 
Nottingham, Heneage Finch, earl of, 

ii. 144. 

Noy, Will., i. 139, 244 ; ii. 98. 
Nurse, Tho., ii. 257. 

Gates, ? Titus, i. 367. 

Ogilby? John, i. 41 ; ii. 28, 99-105. 

Oldenburgh, Mr., i. 363 ; ii. 313. 

Oldam, Rev. . . . , i. 194. 

Oliver, John, i. 296, 411; ii. 10. 

Mr., ii. 171. 
Onslow, Mr., ii. no. 
Opdam de Wassenaer, ii. 132. 
Orange, prince of 

Frederick Henry, i. 121 ; ii. 122, 
13, 131- 

Will. II, ii. 76. 
- Will. Ill, ii. 148. 

Orleans, duke of, ii. 302. Duchess 
of, ii. 252. 

Ormond, Jas. Butler, duke of, ii. 132. 
Orrery, Roger Boyle, ist earl of, i. 1 18. 
Orwincle (i.e. Aldwinkle), Northts., 

1. 257. 

Osburne, Fran., i. 370; ii. 174, 186, 

Osney abbey, i. 38, 39, 51, 329; ii. 


Ossory, Tho. Butler, earl of, ii. 155. 
Oughtred, Ben., ii. 106-113. Will., 

1.42,124,127,298; ii. 79, 105-114, 

126, 236, 280, 282, 284. 
Outram, Will., ii. 114, 263. 
Overall, John, ii. 61, 115. 
Overbury, Sir Giles, ii. 119. Sir 

Tho. (sen.), i. 96, 194 ; ii. 118, 182, 

195. Sir Tho. (jun.), ii. 119, 195, 

Owen, John, epigrammatist, i. 194, 

417, 418, 425; ii. 309. John, 

divine, i. 85. Thankful, ii. 195. 
Oxenbridge, Dr. Dan., John, Kath., 

Mrs. . . . , ii. 152, 153. 
Oxford (Colleges) 

St. Alban Hall, i. 107. 

All Souls, i. 54, 104, 106, 236; ii. 

2, 19, 92, 198. 

Balliol, ii. 24. 

Brasenose, i. 85, 122, 274, 426; ii. 
141, 172. 

Broadgates Hall, i. in ; ii. 50. 

Christ Church, i. 85, 123, 130, 133, 
135, 148, 151, 177, 184, 185, 188, 
269, 276, 286, 306, 343-345. 4 IO > 
426; ii. 11,62, 89, 132, 214, 233, 
2 47 ? 273,301, 303, 308-311. 

Corpus Christi, i. 26, 204; ii. 194, 

St. Edmund Hall, ii. 5, 72, 94. 

Exeter, i. 122, 130, 159, 220; ii. 
26, 92, 126, 234, 308. 

Gloucester Hall, i. 26-28, 225 ; 
ii. 37, 206, 296. 

Hart Hall, ii. 220, 235. 

Jesus College, i. 52, 307, 309; ii. 
7, 8, 171, 201, 269. 

St. John's, i. 31, 204, 320; ii. 298, 

Lincoln, i. 295; ii. 50, 113, 172, 
173, 211. 


Oxford (Colleges) continued. 

Magdalen College, i. 183, 251 ; ii. 
28, 36, 280, 308, 309. Magd. 
Coll. School, i. 343. 

Magdalen Hall, i. 183, 268, 278, 
287, 324, 328-330, 377, 391, 393, 
427; ii. 18, 32, 33, 2 5 5 300. 

St. Mary Hall, i. 122, 426. 

Merton, i. 33, 123, 150, 151, 268, 
278, 279, 301 ; ii. 36, 160, 214, 
216, 224, 244. 

New College, i. 252, 253, 309, 416, 
419, 424, 425; ii. 235. New 
College School, i. 343. 

New Inn Hall, i. 364: ii. 256. 

Oriel, i. 104, 203, 287; ii. 35, 36, 

173, 179- 

Pembroke, i. 112, 188; ii. 235. 

Queen's, i. 282, 305. 

Trinity, i. i, 26-29, 38, 43, 46, 51, 
52, 106, 108, in, 143, 149, 151, 
171-174, 186, 217, 255, 261, 275, 
280, 288, 300, 377; ii. n, 12, 17- 
27, 50, 89, 141, 156-158, 161-165, 
169-173, 177, 216, 253, 265, 285, 
296, 322. 

- Univ., i. 244; ii. 7, n, 44, 96. 

Wadham, i. 103, 107, 126, 174, 
218, 266, 410; ii. 84, 92, 114, 141, 

i55> 285, 3o, 32, 304- 
Oxford (Buildings). 

Ashmolean, i. 21, (?) 106 ; ii. 

Friar Bacon's Study, i. 184. 

Bodleian Library, i. 77, 125, 212, 
225, 250; ii. 214, 216. 

Bodleian Picture Gallery, i. 249, 
258, 368 ('the archives'); ii. 148, 

235> 2 53- 

Botanic Garden, i. 194. 

Castle, i. 51. 

Crown Inn, i. 204. 

St. Ebbe's Church, ii. 323. 

St. Mary Virgin Church, ii. 19, 25. 

St. Mary Magd. Church, ii. 311. 

Osney abbey, ii. 360. 
Oxford, (Vere), earl of 

Edward, i7th earl, i. 192, 319, 322 ; 
ii. 184, 192, 270. 

Aubrey, 2oth earl, i. 277. 

P , E., ii. 273. 

Packer, Philip, i. 98, (?) 296 (< Parker ') ; 

ii. 71,322, 328. 

Paget, Dr., ii. 72. Mr., ii. 60. 
Pakeman, Dan., ii. 207. 
Palatine of the Rhine, Palsgrave, 

Frederick V, ii. 14. Chas. Louis, 

i. 101, 104; ii. 224, 225, 300, 301. 
Palmer, Jas., ii. 157. 
Pamphlin, Chas., ii. 119. 
Parker, Geo., ii. 239. Sam., ii. 54. 

Sir Phil., ii. 255. Mr. (? Packer), 

i. 296. 
Parr, Catherine, i. 193, 315. Sir 

Tho., i. 315. 
Parsons, Rob., i. 27. 
Partridge, John, i. 283 ; ii. 119. 
Pascall, Andr., i. 61, 162-170, 247, 

248, 256 ; ii. 302. 
Passaeus, Simon, ii. 49. 
Paulet, Amyas, ii. 308 ; Rich., ii. 326. 
Paynter, Jonathan, i. no. 
Pearson, bp. John, i. 203, 353; ii. 


Peele, James, ii. 120. 
Pell, Dr. John, i. 16, 86, 121, 124, 

T 54> 181, 234, 247-249, 284, 285, 

293. 370. 394, 48 ; ii. 27, 54, 90, 

121-131, 184, 197, 249, 257, 272, 

291-293, 309, 310, 319. Mr. 

John, ii. 127, 128. 
Pemble, Will., ii. 258. 
Pembridge castle, Heref., i. 59, 204. 
Pembroke, (Herbert), earl of 
Will., ist earl, i. 54, 60, 61, 310, 


Anne (Parr), co. of, i. 3 15, 31 7. 

Henry, 2nd earl, i. 310, 312, 315; 

ii. 90, 104. 
Mary (Sydney), co. of, i. 243, 

262, 310-313; ii. 35, 230, 247, 

- Will., 3rd earl, i. 312, 313, 317, 


Phil., 4th earl, i. 105, 175, 177, 
218, 309, 3 12 ; ii- 55, I0 4- 

Anne (Clifford), co. of, i. 175, 


Phil., 5th earl, i. 216, 225 ; ii. 160. 

Will., 6th eail,i. 48,49, 225 ; ii. 353. 

3 62 


Pembroke, Phil., 7th earl, i. 31 7, 225 ; 
ii. 90. 

Tho., 8th earl, i. 45. 

Penkelly, Breckn., i. 313. 

Penn, Sir Will., ii. 131, 132, 133, 135. 
Will., i. 13, 45, 53; ii. 131-138. 
Pedigree, ii. 135. 

Penny post, ii. 91, 324. 

Penruddock, Geo., ii. 260, 261. Sir 
John, i. 290, 406. Sir Tho., ii. 138. 

Penry, John, ii. 48. 

Perry, Joan, ii. 228. 

Persia, i. 272 ; ii. 228. 

Peters, capt., i. 196. 

Petrarca, Francesco, i. 421. 

Petty, Eliz., lady, i. 116; ii. 139, 148. 
Geo., ii. 38. Max., i. 290. Sir 
Will., i. 9, 43, 50, 53, 272, 274, 
336, 349> 365, 367, 368; ii. 139- 
i49> 2 73- 

Peyton, Rev. . . . , i. 180 ; ii. 307. 

Phale, see Fale. 

Philips, Andrew, ii. 150. Anne, ii. 
61, 64. Edw. (father), ii. 61. 
Edw. (son), ii. 61, 63-71. Fabian, 
i. 320; ii. i, 60, 98, 150, 160, 203, 
219, 224, 225, 322, 332. Hector, 
ii. 154. James, ii. 153. John, 
ii. 64, 152. Kath., i. 126; ii. 
152-155- Sir Rob., ii. 50. Vere, 
i. 143. 

Philpot, John, i. 233. 

Piedmont, ii. 123, 131. 

Pierce, Tho., ii. 290. 

Pierson, see Pearson. 

Pigott, Henry, ii. 155. Tho., i. 20, 
166; ii. 84, 85, 155, 302. 

Pins, ii. 324. 

Pisa, i. 247. 

Pitcher, Mr., i. 263. 

Pitiscus, Earth., i. 96; ii. in, 126. 

Pittis, Tho., ii. 155. 

Pitts, Moses, ii. 58, 66. 

Platers, Sir Will., ii. 156. 

Plattes, Rowl., ii. 145. 

Player, Mr., ii. 172. 

Playford, J., ii. 62. 

Pleydell, Jos., i. 267. 

Plot, Rob., i. 33, 134, 404. 

Poland, i. 150, 213, 214; ii. 247. 

Poncl, Ben. (almanac), i. 51; ii. i. 

Edw., ii. i. Mr., ii. 155. 
Pope, lady Eliz., ii. 17, 22. Sir 

Tho., i. in ; ii. 22, 157, 161, 162. 

Walt., ii. 300. 
Popham family, ii. 160. 
Popham, Sir Fran., ii. 159. Sir 

John, ii. 158-160. Mr. John, ii. 

159, 160. Admiral . . . , i. 404. 
Col. . . . , ii. 316. 

Pordage, Dr. John, ii. 161. Sam., 

1 60. 

Porter, Endymion, i. 205. 

Portland, Dors., i. 161, 219. 

Portsea Castle, Hants., i. 292. 

Portsmouth, Hants., i. 85, 194; ii. 

Portugal, i. 58. 

Post and pair, i. 329. 

Potluck, . . . , i. 327, 388. 

Pott, Geo., i. 395. 

Potter, Franc., i. 43, 108, 143, 223, 
224, 281, 304; ii. 19, 86, 161-170, 
260, 299, 328, 329. Hannibal, 
i. in, 173, 174, 261; ii. 161, 162, 
171, 285. Rich., ii. 161, 162. 

Potterne, Wilts., i. 202. 

Poulterey, John, ii. 263. 

Poultney (Pulteney), Sir Will., i. 290. 

Powell, Dav., i. 51. Mary, ii. 61, 
64, 65. Erasmus, Rich., Vavasor, 
ii. 171. 

Power, Jas., i. 387. John, i. 27, 29. 
Zachary, i. 29. Rev. . . . , i. 387. 

Powis, Will. Herbert, ist baron, i. 

277, 3i5- 

Powney, Mrs., i. 280, 281. 
Poynter, Tho., i. 32. Vincent, i. 

Poyntz, John, ii. 173. Sir Rob., ii. 

172,181. Capt., . . . , i. 45, 53. 
Prague, i. 210, 407. 
Price, Dan., i. 187. 
Prideaux, John, i. 343 ; ii. 234. Mr., 

ii. 192. 

Primige, Dr., i. 300. 
Printing, ii. 321, 324. 
Prisoner, a 'close,' i. 422. 
Prothero, Mr., ii. 291, 292. 
Prujean, Fran., i. 297. 



Prynne, Will., i. 261 ; ii. 173-175. 
Pufendorf, Sam., i. 376. 
Pugh, Rob., i. 60; ii. 34, 42, 175. 
Pullen, Josias, i. 183, 377. 
Pulteney, see Poultney. 
Purheck (Villiers), viscount 
John, 1st vise., i. 196, 197. 

Frances (Coke), viscountess, 

i. 197, 406. 

Robert a , and (self-styled) vise., i. 
196, 197. 

Eliz. (Danvers), viscountess, 

i. 179, 192, 193, 194 (Eliz. Villiers), 
196, 197, 222, 357; ii. 32, 84, 

Rob., 3rd (self-styled) vise., i. 197. 
Marg. (Burke), viscountess, i. 


Purchas, Sam., i. 175, 285. 
Purfoote, Tho., ii. 120. 
Pye, Sir Rob., i. 422. 

Quakers, i. 84, 133, 134, 209; ii. 132, 

133, 136, 137- 

Quarles, Fran., i. 240; ii. 153, 176. 
Queen Mother, see Henrietta. 
Quintin, riding at the, ii. 330. 

Radford, Will., i. 280; ii. 21, 177, 

Radnor, John Robartes, earl of, ii. 

Raglan, Monm., ii. 328. 

Rainsford, Sir Henry, i. 151. 

Raleigh, Sir Walter, i. 69, 115, 116, 
176, 179, 187, 192, 262, 285, 287, 
294, 311,354,418; ii. 15, 95, 96, 
177-195, 233, 239, 323. 

Raleigh, Carew (brother of Sir Waller), 
ii. 178, 179, 184. Carew (son), ii. 
178, 189, 193, 195. Geo.andGilb. 
(nephews), ii. 178. Tho. (grand- 
nephew), ii. 178, 179, 182, 191. 
Dr. Walt., ii. 178. Walt, (son), 
ii. 178, 194. Walt, (grandson), ii. 
195. Walt, (grandnephew), ii. 
178,179, 182, 191. 

Ralphson, Mr., ii. 195. 
Ramsbury Abbey, Wilts., i. 315. 
Ramus, Peter, i. 8, 100, 224. 
Randolph, John, ii. 195, 196. Tho., 
i. 76; ii. 195-198. Will.,ii. 196. 
Ranelagh, (Jones), viscount 

Arthur, 2nd vise., i. IT 8. 
Kath. (Boyle), viscountess, i. 

118, 121 ; ii. 278. 

Rich., 3rd vise., 1st earl, i. 118. 
Ranew, Nath., i. 116. 

Ratcliffe, Sir Edw., ii. 51. Sir Geo., 

ii. 102. 

Raven, capt., ii. 127, 128. 
Rawley, Will., i. 67, 74, 394. 
Ray, John, ii. 302. 
Reade, Alex., i. 286. 
Reading, Berks., i. 61, 107 ; ii. 141. 
Record, Rob., ii. 198-201. 
Redi, . . . , ii. 319. 
Reding, Sir R., ii. 262. 
Reynolds, Edm., i. 26, 27, 28. John 

(C. C. C.), i. 26. John (New 

Coll.), ii. 53. Rowl., ii. 228. 
Rhees, John David, i. 57, 214; ii. 


Rhonius, . . . , ii. 125. 
Rich, Robert, 3rd baron, and Penelope 

(Sydney), baroness, ii. 250, 251. 
Richardson, Sir Tho., i. 170. 
Richelieu, card., i. 66, 77. 
Richmond, Surrey, ii. 166, 177, 265. 
Richmond, (Stuart), duke of 

James, i st duke, and Mary (Villiers) , 
duchess, i. 205. 

Charles, 3rd duke, and Frances 
(Stuart), duchess, ii. 239. 

Rickmansworth, Herts, i. 255. 
Rider, Cardanus, ii. 181. John, ii. 

201. ...,ii. 3 2 3- 
Ridgely, see Rugeley. 
Rigby, Rev. . . . , ii. 155- 
Riolani, Jean, i. 301, 304. 
Ripley, Geo., i. 163, 168 ; ii. 201. 
Rivenhall, Essex, ii. 265. 
Robartes -of Truro, John, baron, ii. 


a Called, at several times, Robert Wright, Robert Danvers (taking his 
wife's name), Robert Villiers (by usurpation). 



Roberts, Geo. (D.D., Trin. Coll.,Oxf., 

1642), i. 173. 

Robinson, John, ii. 75, 298. 
Robson, Mr., ii. 203. 
Rochester, (Wilmot), earl of 

Henry, ist earl, ii. 32. 

Anne (St. John), co. of, ii. 


John, 2nd earl, i. 134, 211, 219; 
ii. 30, 32, 34, 54, 304. 

Eliz. (Malet), co of, i. 219; 

ii. 304. 

Rocklington, Sir John, ii. 202. 
Rogers family, i. 389. Mr., ii. 202. 
Rolle, Henry, ii. 203. 
Rollington (Rowlington) park, Wilts., 

i. 262, 311. 

Roll wright, Oxon., ii. 330. 
Rome, i. 39, 57, 120, 226, 247, 249; 

ii. 79, 169, 

Romsey, Hants., ii. 139, 144, 148. 
Rooke, Laur., i. 366; ii. 204, 284, 

288, 314. 

Roper, Chr., John, Sir Will., ii. 83. 
Ros, Robert de, ii. 13. 
Ros, John Manners (afterwards loth 

earl of Rutland), lord, i. 138. 
Rose, Mr., i. 230. 
Ross, John Lesley, bp. of, i. 58. 
Rotterdam, i. 246, 248; ii.. 135. 
Roundway Down, Wilts,, i. 151. 
Royal Society of London, i. 40, 115, 

129, 201, 228, 268, 269, 285, 336, 

354 362, 371, 372, 409-415 ; ii. 60, 

80, 82, 97, 134, 143, 144, 147, 149, 

165, 166, 169, 178, 205, 2.81, 288, 

3d, 3 T 3> 3 J 4> 322. 
Roy don, Mr., i. 284. 
Royston, Mr., i. 427. 
Ruddyer, Ben., i. 8, 318, 418; ii. 

Rugeley (Ridgely), Luke, i. 143, 195. 

Tho.,i. 143. 
Ruggle, Geo., i. 180. 
Rumsey, Walt., ii. 206. 
Runnymead, Surrey, i. 220. 
Rupert, prince, i. 104, 256 ; ii. 237, 


Rushworth, John, i. 107 ; ii. 207. 
Russell, Mr., ii. 64, 65. 

Russia (Muscovia), i. 213, 233; ii. 71, 

Rutland, (Manners), earl of 

Roger, 5th earl, ii. 250. 

Eliz. (Sydney), co. of, i. 96 ; 

ii. 250. 

John, loth earl, . 230; ii. 364. 
Rutt, Mr., ii. 279. 

Rutter, Jos., ii. 210. 
Rymer, Tho., i. 364. 
Ryves, Kath., i. 39, 47. 

Sacrobosco, Joannes de, i. 408. 

St. Albans, Herts, i. 66, 71, 78, 108, 

no; ii. 42, 311. 
St. Albans, Francis Bacon, vise., i. 67, 

69, 76. 
St. Albans, Henry Jermyn, earl of, i. 

189, 190, 205. 
St. Amant, . . . , ii. 154. 
St. George, Sir Henry, i. 53, 65, 146. 
St. Helena, i. 283. 
St. John, Anne, Sir John, ii. 31. 
Saintlowe, John, i. 31. Laur., ii. 19, 

26. . . . , ii. 96. 
Salisbury (New Sarum), Wilts., i. 48, 

95, 105, 169, 215, 244, 305, 311, 

316; ii. 28, 39, 76, 104, 218, 248, 

253, 260, 288. 
Salisbury cathedral, i. 172, 198, 199, 

200, 202, 309 > 312; ii. 288, 312, 

Salisbury, see of, ii. 183, 202, 211, 


Salisbury, (Cecil), earl of 
- Rob., ist earl, i. 93, 175-177, 311; 

ii. 52, 95, 186. 
Will., 2nd earl, i. 191. 
Salkeld, Will., i. 48. 
Salmasius, Claude, ii. 66, 71. 
Salmon, Dr., i. 31. Mrs., ii. 153. 
Salter, lady, i. 279, 281. 
Sambroke, Fran., i. 309. . . . , i. 

302, 303- 
Samwell (Samuel), Will., i. 288, 294. 

. . . , i. 293. 

Sanchy, Sir Jerome, ii. 148. 
Sanderson, bp. Rob., ii. 123, 211, 


Sandwich, Kent, ii. 28. 



Sandys, Sir Edwin, i. 69. Geo., i. 

36, 151 ; ii. 212. 
Sanford, Henry, i. 311. 
Sarney, . . . , i. 41. 
Saul, Mr., ii. 272. 
Saunders, Mr., i. 137. 
Saunder?on, Will., ii. 213. 
Savile, Sir Henry, i. 69, 118, 123, 212, 

222, 279 ; ii. 214, 281. 
Saxe-Weimar, ii. 87. 
Saxton, Mr., ii. 95. 
Saye and Sele, (Fiennes) , lord 

Edw., 5th baron, i. 235. 

Will., ist vise., i. 88, 89; ii. 23, 

Scaliger, Jos. Justus, i. 333; ii. 214, 
215. Jul. Caes., i. 106, 249. 

Scanderoon, i.e. Alexandria, i. 224, 

Scarborough, Sir Chas., i. 94, 299, 
303, 355, 3 6l > 3^9; " 107, 108, 
112-114, J 26, 284, 285, 313. 

Scargill, Dan., i. 360, 362. 

Scory, John, Sylvanus, ii. 216. 

Scotland and Scots, i. 31, 58, 65, 66, 

7, 73, 75> 86 > 94- I2 3> l8 o, 192, 

268, 365, 397, 421 ; ii. 4, 46, 74, 81, 

82, 90, 186, 187, 241, 245, 253, 269. 
Scotus, Joannes, i. 391. 
Scrope, Sir Adrian, i. 297. Sir Carr, 

ii. 279. John, ii. 196. 
Scudarnore, John, ist vise., i. 28 ; ii. 

188, 259. John, 2nd vise., i. 28. 
Securis, John, ii. 218. 
Sedley, Sir Chas., ii. 215. 
Seend, Wilts., i. 40. 
Seile, H., i. 275. 
Selby, Dorothy, ii. 218. Sir John, 

ii. 115. 
Selden, John, i. 16, 84, 137, 138, 180, 

2 39, 242, 337, 365, 369; ii. 219- 

225, 255, 311. 
Seymour, Sir Edw., ii. 286. 
Seymour of Trovvbridge, Chas., 2nd 

baron, i. 43. 

Shadwell, Tho., i. 52, 136; ii. 226. 
Shaftesbury, Dors., ii. 76, 163. 
Shaftesbury, Anth. A. Cooper, ist 

earl, i. 182, 303, 305. 
Shakespear, Will., i. 97, 204; ii. 225. 

Shannon, Fran. Boyle, ist vise., i. nS. 

Sharp, John, ii. 127. 

Shelburne, Eliz. Petty, viscountess, ii. 

148, 149. 

Shelburne, Chas. Petty, baron, ii. 149. 
Sheldon, Frances, ii. 227. Gilb., ii. 

8, 123, 124, 127, 131. Ralph, i. 

42; ii. 4 73, 79, 8i,H5, 173, 175, 

227, 245. 

Shepherd, Fleetwood, i. 2 1 ; ii. 34. 
Sherborne, Dors., i. 188, 227; ii. 183, 

192, 193. 
Sherburne, Edw., i. 8, 16, 103, 306 ; 

ii- 13, 79, *7 8 , 205, 227, 228, 230. 

John, ii, 227. Will., i. 204. 
Sherston, Mr., ii. 173. 
Shervill, Mr., i. 244. 
Shipey, Mr., i. 97. 
Shippon, L., i. 193. 
Shirburne, see Sherborne. 
Shirley, Jas., ii. 228. Thos., ii. 228. 
Shirman, Mr., i. 274, 275. 
Shore, Jane, ii. 244. 
Short-hand,!. 272, 273; ii. 197, 302. 
Shrewsbury, i. 145; ii. 256. 
Shrewsbury, Gilb. Talbot, 7th earl, 

i. 245; ii. 224, 225, 323. 
Shrivenham, Berks., ii. 47. 
Shropshire, ii. 329. 
Shuter, Mr., i. 57, 58. 
Sibthorpe, Rob., i. 334. 
Singleton, Mr., ii. 249. 
'Sir,' a clergyman's title, i. 97, 168, 

323, 391,422; ii. 317. 
Sitsilt family, i. 158. 
Skidmore of Kenchurch, i. 267. 
Skinner, Cyriac, i. 290 ; ii. 72. Matt., 

i. 86. Bp. Rob., ii. 12, 25, 214. 

Sir Tho., i. 102. . . . , ii. 71, 72. 
Sloper, John, i. 28, 278, 279; ii. 

105, 113, 228. 
Slusius, Ren. Fran., ii. 58. 
Slymaker, Henry, ii. 25, 27. 
Smethwick, Mr., ii. 108. 
Smyth, Cicely, ii. 173. Edm., i. 

297. Fran., ii. 172, 195. Henry 

(iSSQ-C^SyS), i- 308. Jane, i. 

191; ii. 229. Sir Tho., i. 69; 

ii. 326. Q} Tho., ii. 28. Sir Walt., 



Snell, Sir Chas., i. 132; ii. 183. 

Chas., i. 34, 50, 270; ii. 139, 230, 

260, 261. 

Snow, Fran., ii. 160. 
Snowdon, Wales, i. 134. 
Snowdon, Mr., ii. 244, 245. 
Soap-making, i. 128; ii. 331. 
Socinianism, i. 150, 272,279; ii. 136, 

243, 244. 

Somerford, Wilts., i. 195. 
Somerset, Rob. Carr, earl of, ii. 183. 
Somerset, (Seymour), duke of. 

W 7 ill., ist duke, ii. 202. 

Chas., 6th duke, i. 43. 
Somersetshire, i. 262; ii. 51. 
Sorbier, Sam., i. 367. 
Sound, Mr., i. 265. 
Southampton, Thos. Wriothesley, 4th 

earl of, ii. 187. 
Southcott, lady, ii. 244. 
Southwell, Sir Rob., ii. 149. 
Spain, i. 101, 113, 137, 175, 176, 217, 

275, 327> 39 5 9 6 I2 2, 145, 183, 

189, 240, 297, 331. Phil. Ill, i. 

82. Phil. IV, ii. 76. Spanish 

coin, i. 131. 

Sparrow, bp. Anth., ii. 115. 
Spectacles, ii. 319. 
Speed, John, i. 147, 326, 392 ; ii. 67, 

230, 232. 

Speidell, John, ii. 231. 
Spelman, Sir Henry, ii. 231, 237. 

Henry, ii. 231, 232. Sir John, 

ii. 232. 

Spelsbury, Oxon., ii. 304. 
Spenser, Edm., i. 240; ii. 191, 232, 

Spenser of W T ormleighton, Henry, 3rd 

baron, ii. 275, 280. 
Spinoza, Benedictus, i. 357. 
Spratt, Thos., i. 190; ii. 322. 
Springett, Sir Will., ii. 134. 
Stadius, Joannes, i. 144, 210. 
Stafford, Dorothy, ii. 234. Rob., ii. 

233. Sir Will., ii. 83. Will., 

ii. 197. Will., ii. 233. Capt. 

. . . , ii. 196. Mr., i. 290. 
Stafford, (Stafford), baron, ii. 247. 
Stalbridge, Dors., i. 121 ; ii. 27. 
Standish, Henry, i. 249. 

Stanhope of Harrington, John, ist 

baron, i. 308. 
Stanley, Sir Edw., i. 229, 233. Sir 

Tho., i. 233. Tho. (father), ii. 

228, 234. Tho. (son), ii. 234. 
Stanmore, Midd., ii. 283. 
Stansby, maj., ii. 187. 
Staper, Rich., ii. 234. 
Stapleton, Tho., ii. 235. 
Stawell, Sir John, i. 44. 
Stedman, Fran., ii. 306. 
Stephanus, . . . , i. 279. 
Stephens (Stevens), Edw., i. 278. 

Rich., i. 183. Rob., i. 372. 

Tho., i. 36, in; ii. 235, 311. 

.. .,i.6i. 

Sterling, Sam., ii. 136. 
Steyning, Sussex, ii. 121. 
Stillingfleet, Edw., i. 427. 
Stokes, John, i. 193, 386. Rich., ii. 

108, 236. 

Stonehouse, Sir Geo., ii. 46. 
Stourton, Chas., 7th baron, i. 316, 

Stow, John, i. 101, 192 ; ii. 189, 232, 


Stradling, Sir Edw., i. 228 ; ii. 201. 
Strafford, Tho. Wentworth, earl of, 

i. 115; ii. 101, 102, 186, 207. 
Stratford-on-Avon, Warw., i. 151; 

ii. 225, 226. 
Street, Thos., ii. 237. 
Stuart, Arabella, i. 57, 66. Sir Fran., 

i. 285 ; ii. 239. 
Stubbes, Henry, i. 366, 371; ii. 240, 


Stubbing, John, i. 186, 188. 
Stukely, Lewis, ii. 190. 
Stumpe, Tho., i. 8. Rev. . . ., 

i. 387. 
Suckling, Sir John, i. 204, 205, 279; 

ii. 56, 223, 240. 

Suffolk, Henry Grey, ist duke of, i. 66. 
Suffolk, Tho. Howard, earl of, ii. 52, 

Sumner, Joan, i. 39, 40, 47. John, 

ii. 40. 
Sunderland, Henry Spenser, earl of, 

ii. 275, 280. 
Surff, cavaliero, ii. 192. 



Surrey,!. 218, 220, 250; ii. 95, in, 


Surrey, Tho. Holland, duke of, i. 406. 
Surrey, (Howard), earl of 

Henry (the poet), i. 69. 

Tho., 4th earl, i. 407, 408 ; ii. 
no, 112. 

Sussex, Edw. Ratcliffe,earl of, Eleanor 

(Lee), co. of, ii. 198. 
Sutton, Tho., ii. 246. Will., i. 29, 

36 ; ii. 246. 

Sweden, i. 222, 376; ii. 81, 257, 324. 
Switzerland, i. 112; ii. 123, 131. 
Sydenham, John, i. 132-134. Sir 

Ralph, ii. 74. 
Sydney, Sir Henry, ii. 247, 250. 

Sir Philip, i. 67, 69, 177, 194, 243, 

2 75> 3 IO ~3i3; " 233, 247-252, 

267. Tho., ii. 250. 
Sylvester, Edw., i. 204; ii. 300, 303. 
Symonds, . . . (S.J.), i. 183; ii. 189. 

Tabor and pipe, ii. 319. 

Talbot , Sharington, 1.245. Sir Rob . , 

ii. 252. 

Tandy, Tho., i. 374. 
Tanfield, Laur., i. 149. 
Tanner, Tho., i. 21, 106. Will., 

ii. 33. 

Tap, John, ii. 252. 
Taverner, Rev. . . . , i. 51. 
Taylor, John, ii. 252-254. Jo<sias>, 

i. 387 ; ii. 181. 81133,11.254-256. 
Temple, Sir Rich., Sir Tho., ii. 211. 
Tew, Great, Oxon., i. 131, 149-152. 
Tewkesbury, Glouc., i. 315. 
Teynham, John Roper, baron, ii. 83. 
Thames river, i. 123. 
Thanet, (Tufton), earl of 

John, 2nd earl, i. 175 ; ii. 209. 

Marg. (Sackville^, co. of, i. 

104, 175; ii. 209. 
- Nich., 3 rd earl, i. 41, 52, 175, 177 ; 

ii. 8, 97. 

- Eliz. (Boyle), co. of, i. 116, 

120, 175-177, 191, 226; ii. 154. 

John, 4th earl, and Rich., 5th earl, 

i- 175- 
Thomas, Edm., ii. 7. Sir Rob., i. 

136; ii. 5- 

Thomson, Sam., i. 412. 

Thome, Rich., i. 337. 

Thorndyke, Herb., i. 146 ; ii. 257, 

292, 293. 

Throckmorton, Eliz., ii. 178. 
Thuanus (de Thou), Jacques Auguste, 

i- 57, 65, 145, 270. 
Thurloe, John, ii. 130. 
Thurlow, Suffolk, i. 103. 
Thynne family, i. 279. 
Thynne, Egremund, i. 424. Fran., 

i. 74. Isabella, ii. 24, 25. John, 

i. 219. Sir John, ii. 178, 179, 


Tillotson, John, i. 87, 93. 
Tirell, Mary, i. 322, 384, 385, 388. 
Tittinghanger, Herts., i. 108. 
Tobacco, i. 198, 351, 422; ii. 181, 

189, 323- 

Toman, Mrs , i. 197. 
Tombes, John, ii. 258-261, 300. 
Tomkins, Nath., ii. 275. 
Tong, Ezerel, i. 94; ii. 261. Capt. 

. . . , ii. 261, 262. 
Tonquin, ii. 322. 

Torporley, Nath., i. 287 ; ii. 263. 
Tottenham, Midd., i. 96 ; ii. 323. 
Tounson, Rob., i. 202, 203. 
Tovell, Mr., ii. 64. 
Tovy, Mr., ii. 293. 
Townley, Rich., i. 261. Mr., i. 


Trapps, lady, i 102. 
Trenshard, Sir Tho., ii. 297. 
Triplett, John, i. 151. Tho., i. 263 ; 

ii. 56, 57, 26 3 
Troutbeck, Dr., i. 211, 295. 
Tunbridge, Kent, ii. 303. 
Turenne, Henri de, ii. 87. 
Turkey, i. 41, 64, 90, 91, no, 154, 

172, 193, 299; ii. 160. 
Turner, Mr., ii. 126. 
Tuscany, i. 212; ii. 110, 270, 310. 
Tussell, John, i. 178. 
Tusser, Tho., ii. 265. 
Twisse, Will., i. 3435 "- 22 5> 265. 

Dr. . . ., ii. 265. 
Twyne, John, Tho., ii. 266. 
Tyndale, D., ii. 251, 252. Stafford, 

ii. 32. Tho., 1.312; ii. 190, 2 j i, 

3 68 


246, 266. Mrs., ii. 83, 1 1 5. Mr., 


Tyrconnel, Rich. Talbot. earl of, i. 

Underbill, Sir Tho., i. 71. 
Uniades, Mr., ii. 106. 
Usher, James, i. 307; ii. 219, 221, 233, 

Valke, Jacob de, i. 152. 

Vandyke, Anthony, i. 231, 232; ii. 

Vane, Sir Fran., ii. 209. Sir Henry, 

ii- 45> 47- 

Vanore, Sir Peter, i. 112. 
Vaughan, Henry, ii. 201, 268. Sir 

John, i. 337, 339, 342, 369, 382, 

394; ii. 55, 221, 225. Lord John, 

i. 50, 285; ii. 95, 134, 187, 292. 

Tho., ii. 268. Mr., ii. 293. . . . , 

ii. 30. 

Vaughan of Hergest, i. 267. 
Vavasour, Anne, ii. 31. 
Vawr, Mr., ii. 297. 
Venice, i. 90, 108; ii. 51, 63, 203. 
Venner, Tho., i. 290. 
Verdusius, . . . , i. 367. 
Vere family, i. 1 18. Sir Fran, and 

Sir Horace, i. 192 ; ii. 192. 
Vernon, Mr., ii. 144, 149. 
Verstegan, Rich., i. 158, 183. 
Verulam, Herts., i. 22, 66, 76-78, 81, 

Verulam, Francis Bacon, baron, i. 66, 

Vesalius, Andr., i. 304, 336, 368 ; ii. 


Veslingius, Joannes, ii. 148. 
Vicars, John, ii. 174. 
Vienna, i. 301, 407. 
Viet, Fran9ois, ii. 263. 
Villiers, Fran., ii. 270. . . . , ii. 

17, 19. 

Vinnius, Arnold, ii. 7. 
Virginia, see America. 
Visscher, Will, de, i. 112; ii. 270. 
Vossius, Ger. Jo., ii. 130, 272. Isaac, 

ii. 272. 

Wainfleet, bp. Will., ii. 309. 
Wake, Sir Isaac, ii. 25, 272. 
Wales, i. 51, 55, 56, 59, 60, 158, 211, 

307, 315; 5> Il8 > 147, 3i9> 329- 

Welsh language, i. 57, 62, 145, 314, 

324; ii. 87, 201, 266, 268, 321, 328, 

Walker, Anth., i. 116. Clem., ii. 

Waller, Edm., i. 136, 138, 139, isi, 

2I 7> 357, 35> 366, 367, 369, 372; 

ii. 24, 70, 123, 273-280. 
Waller, Eliz., ii. 139, 142. Sir 

Hasdras, ii. 142. Rob., ii. 274, 

280. Walter, i. 51 ; ii. 86, 275. 

Sir Will., i. 327, 392 ; ii. 175. 

Mr., ii. 144. 

Wallingford, Berks., ii. 56. 
Wallis, Cornelius, i. 264. John, i. 

119. 358, 360, 362, 37 I ~373> 377. 

378,404,405,415; ii. 94, 108,112- 

114, 214, 215, 280, 286. 
W T alpole, Mr., i. 89. 
Walsingham, Sir Fran.,i. 61 ; ii. 249- 

25 1. 

Walters, Lucy, ii. 283. 
Walton, Izaak, ii. 14, 16, 17. 
Wansdyke, Wilts., i. 251. 
Ward, Sam., ii. 283, 284, 287. Bp. 

Seth, i. 44, 50, 244, 286, 339, 359, 

373, 45 5 77, 85, 86, 107-109, 

112, 114, 141, 183, 193, 204-206, 

211, 212, 215, 257, 259, 26l, 

281, 283-290, 293, 296, 301, 312- 

314, 316. Seth, B.D., ii. 289, 

W 7 ardour, Arundell of, Tho., 2nd 

baron, i. 129. 
Ware, Herts., ii. i. 
Warner, bp. John, ii. 307. Walter, 

i. 16, 286, 287 ; ii. 15, 16, 188, 291- 


Warwick, ii. 227, 240, 250. 
Warwick, Ambrose Dudley, earl of, 

ii. 250. 
Warwick, (Rich), earl of 

Rob., 3rd earl, ii. 97. 

(?) Anne (Cavendish), co. of, 

ii. 123. 

Chas., 4th earl, i. 118. 



Warwick, Mary (Boyle), co. of, i. 1 15- 

Wase, Chr., i. 109, 218, 311, 312 ; ii. 


Watkins, Rob., ii. 153. 
Watson, Will., ii. 293. 
Watts, Will., i. 187. Mr., i. 133. 
Wayte, Mr., i. 329. 
Webbe, bp. Geo., ii. 293. J., i. 158. 

Dr., ii. 294. 
Weekes, Mich., i. 268; ii. 181, 236, 


Weldon, Sir Anth., i. 66, 67, 202. 
Welles, John, vise., ii. 295. 
Wellington, Som., ii. 160. 
Wells, Cath., ii. 295. John, ii. 294. 

Mr.,i. 107, 162, 163. 
Wells, Som., ii. 88, i ;o. Wells 

cathedral, i. 229; ii. 319. 
Welsh, see Wales. 
Welsted, Rob., i. 53. 
Wenman, Sir Fran., i. 151. Tho., 

2nd vise., ii. 285. Mr., ii. 223. 
West, John, ii. 51. 
Westbury, Som., i. 147. 
Weston, Warw., i. 42 ; ii. 227. 
Westphaling, bp. Herb., ii. 216. 
Westport, Wilts., i. 50,322-328, 387- 


Wgan, Mr., i. 313 ; ii. 153, 155. 
Wharton, Geo., i. 126, 213; ii. 295. 

Tho., i. 210. 
Wharton, Phil., 4th baron, ii. 31. 

Tho., 5th baron, ii. 31, and Anne 

(Lee), baroness, ii. 30-32. 
Wheare, Chas., i. 204. Degory, i. 

194, 204; ii. 191, 296. 
Wheeler, Rich., ii. 298. 
Wheldon, Jas., i. 349, 351, 355, 358, 

378-386, 395- 
Wheloc, Abr., ii. 296. 
Whipping undergraduates, ii. 65, 171. 
Whistler, Dan., ii. 17, 127, 128, 187, 

296. John, ii. 18. 
\Vhitby, Oliver, i. 172, 174. 
Whitchcot, Dr., i. 1 24. 
White, Rich., i. 8, 369 ; ii. 299. Sir 

Sampson, ii. 7. Tho. (' de Albiis '), 

i. 227,369; ii. 299. 
Whitefoot. Rev. . . , i. 210. 

Whitehead, friar, i. 203. Geo., ii. 


Whitelock, Bulstrode, ii. 33, 220. 
Whitford, David, ii. 102. 
Whitgift, John, i. 56. 
Whitney, James, i. 122, 184, 225, 314, 

426; ii. 30, 188, 194, 297. 
Whitson, John, i. 51, 299, 315 ; ii. 


Widdrington, Ralph, i. 90. 
Wight, Isle of, ii. 95, 144. 
Wilby, . . . , ii. 62. 
Wild, see Wylde. 
Wildman, John, i. 290. 
Wilkins, John, i. 218, 410 ; ii. 46, 141, 

258, 285, 288, 299, 302, 328. 

Tim., ii. 300. 

Wilkinson, John, i. 330, 393. 
Williams, bp. John, ii. 129. 
Williamson, Sir Jos., i. 58, 201 ; ii. 8. 

Mrs., ii. 220. 
Willis, John, ii. 302. Tho., i. 39, 

410; ii. 141, 302-304. 
Willoughby of Parham, Fran., baron, 

i. 156. 
Wilmot, Henry, baron, and Anne (St. 

John), baroness, ii. 32. 
Wilton, Wilts., i. 105; ii. 54, 90. 

Wilton abbey, i. 315, 316. Wilton 

house, i. 60, 218, 247, 311, 312, 

3i/> 320. 
Wiltshire, i. 52, 332; ii. 181, 317, 

324, 334. Pronunciation, i. 324, 

354. Drunkenness, i. 325 ; ii. 339. 

Aubrey's Wiltshire collections, i. 

42, 44. 

Winchester ^Winton), i. 221 ; ii. 309. 
Winchester College, i. 183, 203, 305, 

417, 425 ; ii. 265, 266. 
Winchilsea, Heneage Finch, 2nd earl 

of, i. 419. 
Windsor, Berks., i. 232, 279, 280; ii. 

4. 16, 28,45, 272. 
Wingate, Edmund, i. 15 ; ii. 302. 
Winslow, Bucks., ii. 311. 
Wiseman, Mary. i. 46, 50, 52. Rob., 

i. 47, 388; ii. 9. Sir W., ii. 13. 
Witherborne, Dr., i. 75. 
Withers, Geo., i. 221 ; ii. 174, 3 6 - 
Wodenote (Woodnoth), Theophilus 





(sen.), i- i39> 2gl 5 " 2O 3> 37- 

Theoph. (jun.), i. 245, 308. 
Wokey-hole, Som., i. 132. 
Wolsely, Chas., i. 290. 
Wolsey, Tho., ii. 308-311. 
Wood, Anthony, ii. 311, and passim. 

Edw.,i. 1,280; ii. 177. Dr. Rob., i. 

120, 290, 295; ii. 112, 113, 141. 


Woodcock, Kath., ii. 65. 
Woodford, Sam., ii. 233. 
Woodgate, Peter, i. 419. 
Woodstock, Oxon., i. 170, 185; ii. 

3> 304- 

Wootton Bassett, Wilts., i. 124. 

Worcester,!. 135, 281, 409; ii. 162, 
236, 329. Cathedral, ii. 161, 255. 

Worcester, (Somerset), earl of, i. 314 ; 
ii. 328. 

Wotton, Sir Henry, i. 76, 418, 419; 
ii. 63. 

W r otton, baron, i. 285, 287. 

Wren, pedigree of, ii. 312. 

Wren, Dr. Chr. (father), i. 31, 403; 
ii. 312. Sir Chr., i. 41, 200, 219, 
354, 371, 403, 405 ; ii. 80, 105, 108, 
112, 165, 166, 175, 214, 218, 282, 
311-313. Matt., ii. 312. 

Wright, Edward (Edmund), i. 176; 
ii. 80, 313-316. Rich., ii. 276. 

Wyatt, Sir Tho., i. 69. Lady. . . , ii. 


Wych, Sir Cyril, ii. 128. 
\Vychwood forest, Oxon., ii. 30. 

Wycomb (Wicamb, Wickham) , Bucks.? 

i. 253; ii. 36, 39, 274, 275, 278, 

Wylde (Wild), Sir P:dmund, i. 230, 

232. Edmund, i. 4, 41, 43, 109, 

134, 160, 181, 251, 255; ii. 4, 35, 

37> 4 6 > 56, 79> 93> 96, i33> Hi> H 2 > 
166, 187, 191, 230, 273, 276, 316, 
320, 329, 332. Geo., i. 178, 180, 
232. Sir John, i. 178, 180, 285; 
ii. 272, 273. Will., ii. 77. 
Wyndham, Sir Fran., i. 77- Sir 
Wadham, i. 217, 244, 316. 

Yarrington, capt, ii. 316. 

Yates, John. ii. 216. Leonard, ii. 214, 

Yatton-Keynell, Wilts., i. 33, 146 ; ii. 


York, i. 108, 206, 207 ; ii. 208. 
Yorkshire, i. 159, 261, 267 ; ii. 14, 28, 

3 2 4- 
York, James, duke of, i. 196, 208, 218, 

2I 9> 2 97> 3 6 9 5 78, 102, 132-134, 

323,324. See James II. 
York, Anne (Hyde\ duchess of, 

ii. 316. Maria, duchess of, ii. 

Young, John, ii. 13, 242-244. 

Zeigler, Caspar, i. 375, 376. 

Zouch, Sir Edw., ii. 203. Rich., i. 

57, 58, 65; ii. 281. 
Zurich, ii. 123, 125. 


'(See i. 51) 

(See ii. 330) 


(See i. 78) 



(See i. 328, 326) 



(See i. 326, 325) 


(See ii. 139) 





DA Aubrey, John 

447 Brief lives 



cop. 2