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Full text of "The British Apollo: containing two thousand answers to curious questions in most arts and sciences, serious, comical, and humorous, approved of by many of the most learned and ingenious of both universities, and of the Royal-Society"

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Spixwohth F^^KK.] j 






T H E 



/ 



Britifli Apollo : 

ContainJng Two Thouland 

ANSWERS 

TO cu R laus 

QUESTIONS 

1 N MOST 

ARTS and SCIENCES^ 

Scriousy Comical, and Humorous, 

Approved oiF 

By many of the Moft Ldtraed and Inge- 
nious o£ hoihUniverfitieSy and of ihc 
RoyahSasiety. 

PerfwrnCd hy a Society of Gentlemen. 

V O L. III. 

The Third Epition- 



L N D N: 

Prftitcd for Theodore Sanders, at 
the Bell in Little Britain , and Sold by 

A R T H U R Be T T E » W O R T H, at thc Red, 

Lyon ia Pater'-noftcr iRow. M,pcc,xxyAs 



Ik 











-^^ ;^ 


^*V-- 













^.z" 



\ j 



•] 



4 • 



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^u«^ 



A;»<> --^2^ r 6p7 ] » 



THE 



British APOLLO- 



V O L. III. 



(i.'lT TH51HER th. Mdvki if Gamaliel (Ads iil) 

i W ''^ reUtm to ih9 Aptfiiet^ mi the rtUgion thty 

iMuiht^ ife not a good ^rptment in bthMf if tho Mahu- 

^ ipecan rpligioft, whkh has maJe/o groAt « frogftfu ^d 

' bad fi long a dm0tm in the vitld i 

A» Gdfftaliel&w, that the cbriflian religion was 
|>ropagace4 by fuch unequal agents, fuch weak, Cacb 

(3 feeble mftruments C^bo had uabeard of diiadvan- 
stages to ilruggle with, both with regard to the na- 
.ture of tbf do^bine taught, and the powerful adver- 
iarics that oppqaM it) that he prudently concluded, 
that a religion fb ftrangely circumilantiated,. cou'd 
jkt^en ^aki^ Credit is' the worlds ualefs oiiracuIoDfly 
Supported .by a. power divine. But this bears no tnatf» 
jier of. analogy* to the U»homxt«n imppfture \ frhiah 
ipread fo far by tire power of the prevailing fword. 
and was of a nature politickly tccoffiOBodaCcd tofiejh 
md Moody ' - . 

Q^ WhfitH tho.reafoH and uft of the cohmmof figmoo 
in iho calenders of Common* Prayer* Bootks^- S^si^ tho 
iisyi.rf tiff mofithi f ' . . . 

«^v Tbe cehifM fpecified is composed out o^ thie 
goLdeU; |>ua)b^, ,or cydc of t^e mooa» which i& a 
rfvolutton of niiieieen years: .And therefore ycxiin^j 
^hCcMve,, that .there is no number in the ^column ex> 
y9U IIU H b cev'ding 



6sfS The British Apollo. 

ceeding nineteen. As often as that revolution is per- 
Ibrm'd, the new mocftis, the full moons, and all the 
other configurations of the moon return to the (ame 
folar day. It therefore you obfcrve, what day of any 
month the moon changes, you may conclude, that 
upon the expiration of nineteen years» the moon will 
change on the very fame day of the month. And 
therefore by the column you may know, on what 
day in any month the moon changes. For when you 
have got the golden number for the year, look for 
that number in the column of the month, you dc- 
(ign i and the day of the month the faid golden num- 
ber is affix'd to, is the time oi the moon's changing. 
And therefore, if any refcrve this paper, they may 
knoVir the changes of the moon, not only prefent» 
hot for an hundred, or any number of years to come. 
For if you know the golden number ( whvh. every 
almanaek will tell you ) you may eafiiy find out the 
faid number for any year to come by proceeding to 
nineteen, and from thence back to an Unite, ind fo 
on till you come to the year yoadefign. And when 
you have got the golden number for the year intend* 
cd you muft app^y it by the foremention'd rule. 

Q^ I obftrveyou art 9f opinmt $hat ibe earth has « 
Jou^ motion^ viz. Om rem J its own axis m 24 hettrs^ 
and thi ether, through the- twelve figns m %6f dtyst or 
thereabmtt. '''•-, 

Thefirfi I can et^fy eoiiteh/e; best th4 'tnttui f^fHtxts 
fne : Fer I canmt undirftand hew the et^th in its knrmal 
eneeim flmdd make fueh a ce*i(uUfaHe incliaMtm^'te ^he 
fm^ and (none that can he ferceix/d) te the fixed Jlar^ 

A. The objedlotf will readily vaniih, \^ you coitiiider, 
the fixM (hrs are fo vaftly diftant from the earth, 
that they cannot exert ib attra6^ive an influence, as 
to determine the Motion ^i the e^rth from that di^ 
jt€t motion, which the great Creator mny at fb-f^ be 
'itippos'd ro have imparted to it. Fovtho^ inhiial wo- 
tion of the earth is a miit*c^ motion, <comp<js'd of 4 
right, line motion, -and a tendency towards' the fan« 
jl^ere \x not for the forma*, the earth wou'd move 

' '^ . airedly 



TJ&^British Apollo. 699 

dlrcaiy to the fun. and wc (hoa'd be burnt up wfth 
heat. Were it not for the latter, k wou'd be conti. 
nuaO/ moving to a greater diAance froin the fun. 
and wc (houd be frozen up with cold. But thefe 
two different motJons fo determine each other, that 
wc hipptlj enjoy a delightful medium. MmM^ w 
#^ w*/. O Urdi m wifdom baft thm m^ thm bU. 
Q^ re fins of the Bntifh Apollo,, 
ffhtmfi manjf wife mm dofQU§9, 
Tray teil m the nafm, 
Why agumft a wh fiafim, 
S^ lav d^hJi^th$f»^9 i 
U. The ma, which the fwallows derour 
Dcfcend, when in clouda hangs a fliower. 
And that is the rcafon. 
Why near a wet fcaibn. 
The fWallow direfts her flight lower. 
Qt W€fimy\a UttiT /' other day. 
As 90 wtro motftening ostr eUy, 
Sot touching matttr fh/io/ofhic. 
Or any other foarmg. topic j 
Btst an odd faying, that's fo very 
Cttmnt 'fnongfi sfs when we're merty j 
Highly conceiting there woteld follow 
Solsaion, by tho^uxt Apollo i 
Btti difafffomted ef that fUafs^e, 
Wheth&r thro' left, or warn of Uifiiro^ 
We ftiU addrrfs, in f anguine hofo 
To will not Ut the, ^Jflm drop j 
But compliment us hmeft fellows, ^ 

Jind the original meaning tell us. L 

Of finging old rofe and burning the bellows. \ 

-A Your ditty, merry fellews, know. 
Came to our hands ten days ago : 
But then our brains ilpod mathematic. 
And all our flightis were moft extatic. 
Till now, like you, our elay we moifien. 
And fi> by chanpc, your qucftioi) hoiftin. 
An anfwer then, wc*ll gi?e you> very 
True an't plcafe yc. Sirs, aiid mrry» 

H h a' jiigh^ 



> yoo The British Apollo* 

Bighfy conurting ihtxt V9i\\ foWow 

Thanks lo your faithlu^friend APOLLO. 

In good King S$ifhin"$ dd^ys; the RAM, 

An umiemAnn at WOTTINGHAM, 

Was kept as our wife father knolV5» 

By a hriskfemAle caiJ'd OLD ROSE j 

Mai>y like you, who hated thmkinj; 

On any other thefne but drmkingt 

Met there, d' ye fees ra fimguine hope» 

To kifs their landlady, and /^^^ ; 

But one crofs night, 'mongft twenty ^ther » . . 

The fire burnt not, without great fotkttM 

Till ROSE, at laft, began toy^«f. 

And the mU bUtdes^ to dft^ue and fffing 3 

So, by their exercifk and kiffes^ 

They grew as warm^9& i^rt theff l^fhes s 

When [coming fire, the JOLLY FELLOWS 

CryU SiNG OLD ROSE, AND ^roRN tHE 

BELLOWS. 
This is our attfwer to your- letter. ^ 

Which if yoB like not, find a k?tfer^ 

Q. Vardm, bright opfmg of i^ fire fti^Omt^ 
Pardon young Th<k)dorV unwary erime^ 
My folly has with lively grief vffreft 
Idf tender foul* and Irft no f^ce for r^ 
I fight Vve offended him I lovt, • - 

let my flowing tears your ftty mote i'- ' 
Mxcufe the fault, 'twas virgin modtfiy, . 
Jhat forced the fuit^ th' unhttffy fuit for mt, 

1 hope your love admits of no delay , '- -^ 
Milfi miners too vigorous grown to fear decays 

IZXttf rather adds unto my chttft defiresp 
Xtfis rather adds unto my purer fires : 
Smile on your captive with a fkafing ray, . 
And then III name the place and hafpy day, 

Theodera, 
A, Whilft Iheodora thus in vaik «<!onceals 
Htr felf in vam her paffion 0ie reveaJs ; 
Apollo now his brightcftriysj^rs on, • « .^ ^ 

^d Jmiles all da/, lijut mull at nigbt be gone, 

' No 



75&f BattisH Apollo. 701 

■ » 

No fiioftal infiaeocc can his preftnce ftay^ 
Each may caii this, but none the next, their dty* 
No more frocNtfimtum then,*^but fhew 
The mffitty, or bid the God, w<^>«. 

X&0 EptMfh of His BjyAl Highnefs, the hte Princb 
George of Denmark. 

Hire IJiSf 

WHO, Ihall I fay ? No namt can fuit his praiie s 
May tliey the kfmnl give who claim the ^j/s. 
Ta' mdalgeat i99J(/?«r bw-e lb mr/^ a (Way, 
His firvanfi thought it empirt to «^«jr. 
The hmhand rulM fb ttfi^/ of ooify Ari^f* 
ThefifVtreign cou'd not overlook the «//f. 
Nor did /;^ huskand overlook tht ^^uem: 
A Utrzxigtij wingUd, y tt z tmnefal iccwt, 
Wat wifdam greeted ineffettfivi l9ve ; 
The firptat tempcr'd by the galiefs dovt, 
Stptttnefs and gfoadeur with fuch luib-e (hone, 
Vsk'htm the bttnded couple made but ONE. 
To6^4M;'» with wondrous fteadtnefs inclia'd. 
He drew the pt£hirQ of his c9npn\ mind* 
To firti thr r::rr;;r;, Woithcr muit we roam ? 
Ill ir»r a LYON, but a LAMB at imnt. 
When bravely he the Svtdtjh troops difoiay'd. 
The hrother and thefubjeSi he difpiay'd, ^ 
When TUimJk v»lour did with BELGICk join. 
We view*d SCAMANDER in the fr^hrcd BOYN. . 
'the Boyn that RtyifH with heliconiaa ^-eams* 
And iavilhty tafpires poecick themes. 
JSknMitrk h\$yemi^9A dofSi the beefier part 
Ow happy rfie ^but BOTH enjoy 'd his HEART. 
In Bf4iam'% \6nt he had fo la^ge a (hare 
A% tho' htfirfl had br«afth'd Arir^mirii; ah*. 
Each hsA hk love, the gretu «^/, and the fmaU, 
And yet to ANNA he bequcath'd his tUL 
Does chilly fpice the teeth of time controul f 
WpV'pcfcioufly eiisbilm*d in ANN A's /ml. 
Doe j mdrtie blazon the fipsdchrttl womb f 
F^fhe is HIS tnem(m»f> t^ht world HIS temi* 

H h 3 Qi »«!• 



yoz !the British Apollo. 

Q. HMving an aequMntanfe with a l^dy^ who ftfpfi^ 
in m rtfotution of aSjiMining from things ftfMgUdt okeymg 
the command in « Istiml fmfi, NotwithJUnding fome 
arguments ufedt tho* not in her opinion fnficisnt to prove 
her zeal [uperjiitious j therefore would defire you to lend 
( I would fay, hut that I fljali never be aUe to repay) 
fame of your cogent reafons, which no doubt but will con" 
vince her^ and bo of fubUck ufo^ her difiemfer being to0 
epidemical, 

A. Hiving another qucftion by us concerning ab* 
Ainence from blood (as in the ufe of black pudding.% 
and the like) .as well as from things ftrangled, we 
fhall take this occafion to give a folueion of them 
both, iince an objcdion may be Parted to the one». 
.which is no ways applicable to the other. 

But we mud obferve, that the Lady very properly 
underfiands the injun^lion in a literal ienik, tho' 
yet (he is under no obligation of obeying it. For if 
fo plain and eafie a paffage ( for the command is gvrttit 
in the method of a flatare law» where figures are 
never us'd) may be evaded by a metaphor* we mtf 
'drpouJld away the whole volume, of the Scriptnret,. 
and give a looie to the molt ezcrava^tffu Optnionr,. 
But we beg leave to propo(e the (ireis of the ob« 
jedion, that a folution may be given with the grea* 
ter clearnefs. 

The prohibition ii a Chriftiao, not a Jewiih Law i 
rna^ed by the great apo0olical council at ytmfaUm^ 
under the direSion of the Holy Ghoft : It fetmeth 
good, faith St. j^atnes the prefideot of the council, /# 
thi Hofy Ghofi and to m i and fo on : The probibitioa 
vras impos'd, not upon Jewiflu but Gentile Con- 
verts i impos'd upon men, who were usder no ob- 
ligation to the Jewifli Ceremonies. 

But ia anfwer to thil plaufible obje^ion, we (hou*d 
diftinguifli between a temporary and a perpetual lawi 
between a law that has a peculiar regard to prefent 
circum(lances» and a law that is always obligatory. 
To apply the didiodion to the preient cafe» wc may 
remember ( for St. Paitl has taught it us^ that the. 

Judai- 



7%e British Apollo. 70J 

Judaiziug Chriftians wooU fidn have impos'd tbo 
whole yoke of ordinances upon the Gentile Con-' 
▼errs. But tho' it Termed good to the Holy Gheft 
tb admit the Gentljes 2$feilcw tiiizms with sht Smnttt 
without to burdenfotne an ob(ervance, yec be mighe 
think fir, to gi?e as little ofFeoce as poifible to the 
Jewifli Converts, that the Genti'es fhou'd srt)(hin 
from Ibroe few particulars, to which the Jews might 
have a more than ordinary aver Hon. But what re- 
fpe^ can this bear to ms^ whole cir cam (lances are Co 
widely dififerent ? 

It may perhaps be at ibme coi^idcratton too, that 
tliis law was ena^ed before the dc(lrii£^ion of the 
temple, which wa» to compjeat the abolition of 
Jewifh Ceremonies. 

But to an abftinenee from blood it may be faid* 
that the prohibition was enjoinM to No*h and his 
^»* Srcrr whom we all defccnd, before the z^^i^xi^ 
gation of the Moiaick InJtituiion* 

But here alio we ihou'd have a regard to a tempo* 
rary, a cir^umftantial law. For we mav consider, 

X. That as Mam and his children before the flood 
were fufler'd to cat no other food, than what the 
fruits of the earth afRorded them, £o to NoJih and hi| 
children after theur defcent from the ark, this charter 
was enlar^'d, and living creatures were included in it. 
But left the novel uiage of killing thoie living crea- 
tures, from which they had. before religiouAy ab- 
ftain'd, (hou'd infpire them with crifelry to one ano- 
ther* God might think fit to reflrain fuck auelty hf 
a proper fytnhol, by an abftinence from blood. But^ 

2.. This abftinence frooa. blood might have been en* 
joynM as a Jhad^w if better thmgs to ccmi^ as a tjpe 
of infinitely precious blood i the blood of the cove* 
oant i that blood, which Was to take away the fins 
of the world. But what have we to do with /hs- 
4kws, who enjoy the fiUtfisaa f What have we to 
do with typest who can look back upon the great- 
Mrehitfpe as happy Chriftians ! who are gracioufly al- 
low'd to iay i Old things sn dom jhha^, all things ar§ 

H h 4 kiC9m9 



704 7S^ British Apollo. 

biccme nev. But if we are pleas 'd with fymbolicil' 
re^efen rations, with emblematical rf femt^ances, we 
• m^ behold ( and O J that we wo«|'d but frequently 
behold t^ycm ) more Hgnificant fymbols, more Jivelf 
emblems i oamciy the bread and wiae in the blefled 
Sacrament. 

Q^ Uky any infant that fucks a vomMn that is mth 
child, fhcuU have an anttpatiy to chcefe, as thty artainlf 
havtt ^ 

A. Such is the frame and conftitation of our na- 
ture, that when any thing has been very oflFennve to 
ir, we retain an a?eriion for it^ But the milk of a 
woman that is with child, turning fouriih, eaiily curds 
as it were into cbeefe in the llomach of an infant 
lucking \u and thereby becomes fo very hurtful to 
him, that it often endangers bis life. 'Tis no won- 
der then, if thofe who efcape the danger, have a 

ftrong antij;;:!;;- :^?Jnft "^^^^^i wWcI: i;, ^ucn Tc. 
fembies that milk, which was more like to prove a 
poyfbn to them, than nouriflimenr. 

Q. I have fent ye a nut to cracky yvhiek I kelievt 
wilireak your teeth, However, fiwe ys an admiraify 
skilVd in tranflations, as appears fy your excellent ver* 
fim of Mr, Drydcn'i Latin Diftich, fray tranflme the 
following Epitaph, "mhieh is very ancient, and made by u 
Monk, on the death of an ingenious Organiftj / don*f 
queflion hut you hum the meaning of it. WhM I mean 
6y tranfiating it, is to make it EngHfli and lofe nothing 
of the flampy •which antiquity put ufofo it ^ do that f 
you can^ Sir, 

Mufiius (^ Mcdicus Lancton jacn hUco Joamni5> 
Organa namque loquifeceraf Hce c^afi. 

A. Right vmflnpful querifl 5 Anfwer a fool accord* 
in^ to his foWjt is a maxim of an admirable aotho- 
rjty, but not applicable {you know) to you, who have 
dotibtlffs more guts in your brains, than to think that '- 
, a Monk cou'd puzzle Apollo ; therefore have at you, 
worthy rea?^, in m Bngtifh JBfitaph, every whit as 
moffkijh as that orfginal, 

* Mui' 



7%# B KIT I SH A P O L L O. 705* 

MfifieiMt aad Vhyfician eke, 
' John'lAnHw Ifeth here. 
Who ttiade the orgamj^ (offtMlt, 
Behold even us it were, 

Q^ I0f4t'u if thitt dies as i$ wen beH 0U of fir» 
whm burning f 

u4. It is a reiinous liqaor, not mach differing' in 
its nature from turpentine. 

Ql // is tht frjiSice of mU chkurgkal assthrs, tfhen 
tumour Appekrsy to difcufs it if they tan, Nom T defirs 
to know, why it is not bitter to fupf urate ahd difchargo 
the offending humour, ahdifnot, whm does become oftho- 
offending humour vhen difcufs' d i 

A. Tumours are of various kinds, as they arife 
from various caules, and fbme are mod properly diA 
cufs'd, and others moft properly fuppurated : But dif* 
cuflion is performed by fuch applications, as by thcff 
hearing and tenacious parts diifoive gvomous and co- 
agulated niatficr, and render it fluxible, whether it b^ 
blood, ierum, lympha^ cholcrick, ch* phlegmatick hu- 
mours i whence by pcripiration or excretion thty 
may be difcharged: And where fuch a method i» 
fufficicnt to procure rcjiefi none furcly will undergo* 
the pain' and trouble attending fuppurations. 

Q^ / have had the hard fate and misfortune to enter- 
into the lift of old maids, and cenfiquently to be Jlighted 
and dtfptfed by alL They fay our very looks and quMs^ 
ties dtffkr from the reft of womankind i fray. Gentlemen, 
mfarm me what is the cAufe of this change, and whether 
marriage now J am grown fo ftale, would have any effeSk 
upon me f But alas ! I need not talk of that, for I am 
aim oft in defpair cfa husband. Therefore good Mr, A-. 
polio, yoH that know all things, fray fut me in a way^ 
for in jhort, I weu*d do any things to.be rid ef tie fcdndoL 
of an old maid. 

A. It is no wonder if croilcs/ vexations, tcaiing*^ 
and difappointmentSy (houM alter ^e.looks and qualities 
of a pcrfon : The only remedy wc can propofe tO' 
your forlorn condition, is that you immediately take 
* )nAo\tin at Wafping^ and wait the arrival of a ri^y^oc 



J^6 The British Apot^Lo. 

Jf^fl-JndtM fleet i aod if there be any compaflioD leTc 
in humane nature for the rood ob(blete of your (ex* 
jou are moft likely to Had it amongA the tars, after 
their long lent. ' 

Q. Ingimms ymths (or fy what title flM 
^ humble jnufe addrefi your gUr'tous Jhrine ) 

H^ eafe fe many grieved breafis m thrall, 
Aod hofve fitch Urge fojfijpon too of tnme. 

To you the douhtful Celia novo does fend, 
To tafe th^ ambiguous burthen of her mind $ 

And hopes as yoH*ve commm^d our feo^s frimd. 
That thefe may too your hv'd acceptance find, 

DsU MS horofar we may perfeiftion trace, 
Hvwfur with her to heaven a rifmg know,. 

Before the rays of her iUufirious face 
Are lo/if to gmde ourfootfteps as "we gOm 

Or can we here her fpotUfs wings Sf^^ 
Affd black contagion from our breafts removO'^ 

Or not {as clog* d, as vehicles of cUy) 
Vntil wa moun$ thofe hspfy realms above, 

A, So mvay fraikiof humane life attend. 
Such ftrong temptations our weak minds aflli1« 

That tbo' to gain perfeSm here, we bend 
Our utmoft force, we of our ends muft fail. 

The utraoft fiep^ that we have pow'r to tread. 
Is, by SLfiri^y religious life below. 

To gain ifuU ajfurance^ when we're dead, ^ 
Infutsare life we (hall ptrfeSion know. 

Q. Oppreft with griping poverty and want-, 
Xoungp and tmskill'd in M the arts if gain^ 

Fterce hunger and melanchofy kasmt 
Over nyfiul with falvage rigour reign, 

I cannot foot h the vices ef the age, 
2ior flutter 9 and on great mensfieps attend, 

Thefe are the corjiant ftibjeHs ef my rage, 
Nff" ever can my haughty fpirtt bend, 

• 2>#- 



The British Apollo, tojt 

Vefimffhe tteBfuns m my fml imia. 
Tkufares^ vthich gemlt youth mn fcMrce farh$mrt 

And bid me tread the ettpe faihs ef v'tce^ 
Baf fiiU my vertM does fecme me there. 

Tet fain Vd live, and like 9tty felf appear p. 
Bui fcern to rife iy flattery, or deceit ^ 

Let others tofalfe cheating, arts adhere^ 
By honefy, mtfratsd, I wottd be ffreat. 

Jkach me,, ah ! teach mo then» ye h^rds / tofhtm- 
The dong'rms fhehes on whkh mfiaken yotttlh 

(For warn of guides mifiid)i do often run. 
And raife my finking ftate^ yet fttU preferve rery tnt$b4 

A, Since honottr rules the di^tes of ^oar iiiiad» 
Averfe to vulgar and ignoble arts. 

To flattery, or fordid, fervile kind» 
Whlltt knave and /m/ play their alternate parts: 

Wacrc but in camps, wou'd you expe^ tor«y>,. 
And give a luftre to your lowering fate, 

XJifitlfy'd glofy there will be the prize. 
And there you may be innocently great t 

Qi^ I have keen a prentice noeo five yearss 
And trtsfy I may tell it you in tears i 
hhave tmdergone many a cruel kang» 
Jnfometch that I think it is better far tohang^ 
J- urn now incMd to the wars, 
Since a fword'^rves mere honourakle fears. 
Than a tough cttdgel\ pray inform me how 
I: fhall proceed, and your praifes IwiUavow /' 

A'. What piry Yis fuch a bud of honour 
Sbou'd be croft by fortune! Oh! 6t upon her!' 
Since you no more generous find her. 
Well to your cudgcll'd carcafs be kinder. 
And give our beft advice, and (hew the wavs ' 
R-oper your courage to great deeds to raifcfr 
On training days go to th' artillery ground;. 
Olr Tttttle-Fiildst in both equally is found 
Undaunted prowefs. Mark how they face - 
WithilcrD looks,, then (hoot, and file ofiF:wltb graere; 

U*h tf- TJ5c«; 



fo^ the British AiPotLo: 

Then altogether ( which a ftorm you'd'ihrnk ) 
Rattle their pikes and drunv and Lwuni and ftiak. 
And after mark, what far, exceeds all thefe, 
' With what fury they fall on ducks and fatted geeie« 
What valour^ in their ftomachlies, ' 
When they affault huge appie pies. 
Defy red fiery tongues and potent muftard, 
And fcalc the lofty v<^lls Of truftard ; 
Yet haVe like generous ibtih^ n^we grace. 
Than to cut and mangjis human race. 
Such brave ejcploits as thele mu(l fl«ed$ 
Raife you to. the attempt of gioriott« <iec(i»» 
Ma^ tough already by found banging 
And make you give o'er all thoughts of haogmg. 

Q^ What is the meaning of thfe vtorM m thi fievnd 
chapter of the Coloffia&s and the i^th verfe : Let 970* 
man ke^uile you of your reward in a voluntary humiUfy, 
and Tvorjhipping of angels, intruding into thofe things which 
' be hath not feen, ^vainly puft up by .his flejhly mind f 

A. As this whole epiftlc in general, lo this palHgo 
in particular, is levell'd agafnfl thofc heretical teachers, 
who endeavpur'd to iniimiat^ iht unwarrantable doc- 
trine of worfliipping, of adofing angels* > 

But we muft oblcrvc, tfeat what is tranflated t;»- 
luntary, and. is corniced ^VhhHmiliiyy liais a different 
acceptance in the Greek original, ami is a nominatifc 
participle joined in appofition to the penfon, irttm 
whole fly inlinuarions the CbloJJians were to beware. 
The original therefore may fc traoilated thus : Let - 
no man beguile you of your reward, delighting ( for 
fuch an acceptation of the word ©«A»i» is warranted 
by the Seventy^ in humility, ^c. 

Here then we are forbid fo to dci?ican, fo to dc- 
balc our fel^es (under the plaufible appearance of 
modcfty and humility) fo to overlook thecfignity of 
our nature, to forget, that we are made but a little . 
lower than the angels, as to be induc'd to^ pay our 
homage to thofe our fellow- creatures, our adoration* 
to thofc our fcllow-fervants* 



The British Apoleo; 70^' 

Tbe foremetidon'd yoocbers of lb unwarrants^Ie a 
do^trior, are therefore iaid to intrude into thrfe thmis\ 
which they hsd not /ten, and to U vainlf fuft u^ «» 
their Jhjbfy minds, becaafe they made prttcncc Co what * 
the/ knew nothing of, and gave this 2fk6tcd but falfe 
plea for the woHhipping of angels* becaufe fas they \ 
ignorantly, but proudly laid) God Is inacccflibly glo-' 
rious, and therefore not to be approach'd to, by puny. 
mortals. But rbants b( to Gdd, that (ai this apo*' 
file dfewhere teaches usj we have thro' CAriJiactefsmt»' 
tho father. 

Q: Hov do the furts efnuuter cohere f 

Ji. As there has not hitherto been 6;iveh by the! 
mod able philofbphers any fatis^dbory folution of fa 
obfcure a matter, fo that it may perhaps be doubted^ 
whether human reafon be caplble of foivine it. A.n4 
indeed how can the queftion be otherwile ihar\ dif- * 
ficult, when orie of tne very terms of'* which it' is 
compos'd^ is it felf of a very puzzlipg 4iature> For as 
the parts of matter, conternittg \Vhlch the'qucfy i«. 
propos'd, how they cohere, 'mUft be diviiible into o- 
ther parts, fo you may dan tbe queflion afrclh, how 
the parts into which they are divifible, do them- 
selves cohere. And fo you may proceed in iafinittim,. 
inafmuch as matter is divifible in infiaitfim. 

Some attribute the coheiion of parts to the preA 
fure of the air or {«btl6 matter. But here we hfay 
enquire, what it is that makes the parts of that fub- 
tle matter to cohere. And if it be anfwer'd, tbe ftill 
more fmall, or fubtle matter j- we may reduce them, 
to a confcflion of what they wou'd be loth to own 5. 
namely, that matter is not only infinitely diviiible, 
but adhially £0 divided. And as ,they wou'd confirn^ 
their iblution by the experiment of two hemifphcrcs, 
fd the very experiment they propofe returns upon 
them, for it plainly flicws,. that if the prefTure oi the ' 
air or fubtle matter were the cau(e of th^ coheiion of 
parts, it wou'd follow, that upon our diflradiion of 
the parts in any other lines than right oppofices, there 
wou'd confcquently be no coheiion. 

1 Other* 



jfa fBe British Apoclo; 

Others pretend to folve fo difficult a point bf no 
other caufe than that of reft« Bat as reft is nothing 
but a privation only* how can we imagine* that a.; 
privative (hou'd caufe a pofitive ? But as reft inuft.4 
give way to the fmalleft degree of motion,. it thence, 
siaturally follows*, that we may as eafily feparate tho ^ 
coherent parts of a continuous |^dy, as any two 
contiguous ones. And this wou'd entirely overthrow 
the eflential di£Ference. between continuity and cbnti- 

There are not wanting tho(e, who afcribe the phae- 
nomenon before us to the nature of the particles, of 
which matter fs compos'd. For thofe particles (iay 
they ) are fo configurated^, as to twine within one . 
another in fb particular a manner* as to be. the caufe 
of a cohefion. But then*, as before* it may be retort- 
ed with- enquiry, wl^at makes the particles of thoft.' 
▼cry twining particles to cohere them&lvea* 

Or (hi that ktifs hmfi^ 

Oft by argument** dint.' 

{BtathilJevilish^t) 
Ciuld nevir^ come to emhfim ;, 

Jho* tften we tiy^ 

jind in pajpms dofyf 
*2iil at length we are ^l,Q'er in cvnffipen :. 

The reafi/he will rule. 

And calls me a f pelf \ 

And te firve her own fiead 

Ibis maxim dees plead. 
That a vertmm woman's a crtrwn 

3> the fuffy her confirt^ 

And thus we oft try for*t^ . 
TUI the words ef. the wifi knocks me drmt* 

Alt laft we*ve agreed 

To fnd with all fpeed ' 

To him, that is willing^^ 

WthoHt a round fhiUing^. 



92f Bit'itiS'H Apollo, jit 

Such Mdvice thai k iM^m» U ifit^. 
So J hig ym'U fako fmm* 
Tb fittU her brmu 
JindJ3m§tfif hnfm'mm fccgti^ 
A.. We*]] gnat then this crown^ ' 
(As a maxioi let down). 
Does the monarch adorn^ 
By whom it n worn^ 
But as crowns to their kings are inferior^,. 
So are joih tbo' a fb<N«. 
Tho' iniipid and dal^ 
To your vapouring madam iiiperior. 
Q. Apollo, lifim^- Vfny lend ( liih) ym» Mrr». 
^«r# « weefing msid tf thirty yurt. 

Nine difappotntfttentj mmneyBeen J*v$ httd ;, 
litf 9h ! this Ufftf .this Ufi:de$$ tftakt m§ tmuL 
fvt JUghtid goidn$fa^ wifdwe^ yntth 4f»/ wealth, i 
One fatid fir rm temm% foviag hetdtk t 
And nei» fmuft.O madwfi I O hemtrh'd i 
Wkdd J hnd dfdt er been m$ tybi^rn tttitcb% 
When I thtfp frot/d, thtfe fitrnfnl werds Ut fy^ 
Be gene, be ffm, ne mere U metenei nigh 
jyettr Phoebus nid me m thit fttUm hettr^ 
J knete yeu enn, ifyet^U exert yettr fewer* 
A hemtetifh ijl te yettr tUtnr hrtng, 
Aftd thnnifitl fengs ferfetttnlfy w'dlfing, -^ 

Stark ftttrmg Margery; 
A, A weeping maid you fty of thirty years. 
By this fiire all your rooi/lure's run in tcafsi 
Tet ftill you are alhe, rejoice in that, 
NfM deaths, Tou know enough to kill a cat. 
Nine years of penance for your fault en joy n^ 
And after that, add hut the other nine s 
And then with this comfort well abiblve at fail, 
Tb them the ettd ef aU the coftrtjhifs faft: 
XovteU the world, how many in your May, 
Yon fcorn'd, whilfinem believe a werdyeufiy* 
(Xl ^^"^ ^^^ Ormond-ftreet«. 
Old Apollo J petti 



JP?r« riddle 7/t/«^i6toppe^ ' ..;-. o r^^ '-. -^ 
Of the fcx they jail feir, ' ■"■ 

Tray, let him find htrptit ^ kettm^-Sil^^ '. .^..^w 
Her beam fs 4uf fwudl, ' . / iv 

jindher wit ww nf ail, ' ] 

Oft /he's fick, when th$rt*s mthmgdms ail h»V 
Her hthcT and mmbet, .- 

^ftf skilPdin the art^irf a TAVioili-^ «' ■ ^' 
She's a widow ef\lat€, ■ ■ :i i: < 
^nd hen vriutt^fieal^poi^;^ /• • r-r/ • - .-t 

Has ampmh that Uiipk^ttf-maH wa«f, /> l.' 

Butjhefwears^ihir^'^k,: ^ ' ^ • .... 3 
jnb# « lord^ eirl, 0^«4uloe ^ 

And no 4tkef man JhaU twM at k»^ 

N^ tkeyfty,<^that herwoitk. '^ 

Makes amende fir. jfetn^TdU''^^^- ^= *. ' 

Ffirfulltvinmxf-dioii£kki>Jhe^t^,.ysif', v • • 

Ihen Jkce Vm bta }p^t^ ' - I '\ . 

Shou'd Iof^4$v^4s/tr^' ■'\ ,. .. 1 . , . • 

Pr^, 4^>« thi^ Jht ftttf^fiiU ff my4oti sit r 

A. Since i^rance yWvc gc^t^. 
Tho* but poor is ypiic lot, 
You can hardly. jfiaJl ftiort in vqut n/ea/ftre^\ . \ 
For- tho\e^j'. Will carp, ' . - ' 

Ten to oae bjut .youUl /?//<^ «i vi«r treafun^. . \ - 

When, you aini at Jbcr ^ai/, * ' . 

Sure the. pridt; of old Sa/fmi^uR, ail bcr, ' ' 

For 'tis ftrange if tbe Joot, 

Wight qot flpop.tp. J9p^' r^ J, ., . ^ 

As foon as.ay«%^,yyrqj.4 <^/(^^ .^^ V. .> . 4 - . '\ 

Q. Z^ /V ltn^ii\fak k^ piirfini Ufi^ the fifception if a 
vow of hdy ceHi^\y/ to' fhariy/^dVfiled'he'ibephi^ 
an uttdefiled virgin l^- • '* . ^ *. i • < . /. • 



SIvBritish ApOLi-a 713? 

jl. As ceUhiCy figoiecs (for fo the Gretk origwiiJ 
imports) afioglc or unmarried life, do wc fuppofc tim 
p^ibo. who makes a yow of celibacy, to iutmi it 
la that fe&fe. 

There are fevcral particulars, (as the judiciouf 
SMmderfiu oWttves) which tho* exjweflivfljr iocluded 
ia a tow or oath, ©ay yet, upon intervening circum* 
llances hi reasonably difpcnsd with, <m the qcceflary 
provifo, that the principal inteoiian be no ways co- 
croachM upon. For inibincej tho' a pious clergy OJa» 
ftould make a fokann vow, that he wUl take a voy- ^ 
age to one of f^oxAmmctm plantations, the inoft dcl- 
titutc of 4)reacbcrs, in order to propagate the true^ 
religion i yet, on fuppofiiion, that bctore he entred 
on his voyage, it fliould fo happen, that all our Ame- 
rkm pJantatkMis fti«uld be difpcopled. the obligation 
of his vow would immediately expire. But that 
iucn a ofc IS no ways paratici to your »j w... -• — -^ 
appear, if we confidcr the reafon why the forefaid 
obligation is entirely candel'd, upon the intermediate 

revoititioo. 

And tfaereafen is» becaufe as the propagation of re* 
Itgion was the primary intention of tli truly zealoiit 
clergyman, and the voyage to Anurictk no otherwifc 
intended, than as barely fubfcrvient to that defign 5 fo 
the exception fpccified was tacitly included in the 
vow itfelf. For had he been reminded of it before 
he nS3K!c the vow,hc iVcw would have midc it With- 
out refcrve. Tho* yet he might not have cxprcft d 
the condition, btft would perhaps have anfwcr'd. Chat 
his vow would be founded on the neccflkry wp|Pj; 
fitiori. that the pliMltation wonki continue to be wM 
inhabited. But he who makes a vow of cddacy, 
ddiga^, iHK only to prefervc his virgin chaftity, tut 
alTo to fceep unmarried. And had any one meotiMi'd 
td hita 4o pecWliir a rrferrej heWoi*J nit, '(proteWyi j 
we *nean> feive tft in regattfed ir. ' ' .. ' '' '^ 

But weJ (hall endcavofif to give ftjrthor pfoof^ tW i 
an abftincncc from marriage, as well as from the ufc 



714 y^^ British ApoLto. 

of the nuptial bed, is an edential ingredient of tfee 
fbremention'd vow. 

I. He who engages in fuch a vow, defigns (as ^k^c 
are apt to think^ to retain (as far as humanity will 
permit) fb heavenly, fo angelical a chkCthj (tor the 
angels neither nrnrrji nor 0f$ given in mMrmgt) as to 
amiain from ail the embraces of a woman. But it 
is a queftion, whether he, who marries on fappo&Ir 
that he does not infringe his Vow» will cn)oiQ bim- 
felf £6 fevere an abAinence. But, 

Ziify, We may iuppofc, that he may have it tranii^ 
ently in his thoughts, to devote himfelf more entire-^ 
]f to his Maker's fervice, while difencurabfir'd' fron* 
a marriage ftate. For when Sr, Paul encourages bat- 
chelors to continue fo, he- proposes this as a motive- 
to Co pious a felf-denial: He, thai is unmarried, caretB* 
for the things that belong to the Lord^ hw h^ f»ay fkafr 
the Lord, f-* iw. *A-f •; rr.T.Trifd^ ctrretkfo^ the thinip 
that are of the vorld^ how he may pleafe his wife. 

But we may confider too, that a cohabitation witb 
a wife may prove a fnare to the perfbo ;^»ecifiedr 
a«d at laft unhap[»ly prevail upon him to violate his 
vow. And £nce he petitipas to his God»^ in his daily 
prayer, to deliver him from temptation, it is fiire an a& 
of vcrj high prefumption* to ru(h headlong into that 
temptation, which he earneftly implores to be deli- 
vered from. 

Q. Why an infant^ hem in tbefeventh menAigemrrilf 
Uvett whin em bom in the eighth fre^mtfy dies f 

jL Becaufe the infant is ever moving towards the 
birth in the feventb month, at which time, if it be 
Arong enoughs it comes to the birth i but if not* it 
remains in the womb commonly two months longer, 
itt order to get ftrengtbi but if after the motion, at 
ftven months end, it be not born, the fituation is 
iqov'd, and the infant io debilitated thereby, th|a^ 
Ibould it come forth in the eighth month, it could; 
fotfcely li?e» by redibn of the hurt recei?'d>. thereby. 






ne Baitisii Apollo, yif 

hear tobaccoy mihmt ffijndimi iht btakbf 

A, It may, and is commonly uied in that manned 
inftead of tobacco^ with a great deal ef beaefif* in 
peroral and cephalick cafes. 

Q. Whyt whtn a cold or an agui Unvot my does itgi^ 
neraUy bndk out mbout the tmttth t 

A. That eruption is not common in agues* but it 
is generally accounted, and found a £dubrious fymp- 
torn after the taking of cold. For when nature dif« 
charges her felf of thofe ferout acidities thro' thofe 
parts, others more fubje£l to catarrhs remain fafci 
and the ofiending m|(tter being thus ej^pell'd, the dif^ 
order ceaies* 

Q^ / hwe often expermctdp that fmmg in * eottehr 
with my net Jhta, the coach feems to^ movO' the contrary, 
way to vhat it reaUy does t 

A, While our bodies are mo?'d in a coach, the > 
nimal fpirits floating in the brain rcceiTC a contrary 
tendency, as it isufual for the conteni- to receiVe from 
the moviog contimnt. Since therefore when our eyet 
are (hut we cannot judge of the tendency of the coach's 
motion, any othcrwife than by the motion of the 
fdrefaid fpirits, our imagination confequently fuppo- 
ies. that t4ie coach mo¥es eontrtfy to the reality of 
its genuine motion. 

Q. Which way flfM T (/weH yotttht) fiek t^$httm^ 
Not tfMxfitnt jojfs, hit fieeh as will retmm. . '. 
Oft-times imidfi aftmu ef heightm^djeyu^ 
When wine inc&en etnd comfnny decoysp 
A/ecret nnxUtis thottght my mirth difireys* 
ThenfMUly i refihe, Sttt ail in vain» 
Soon n^thofimro it laid, fm esugbt again. 
Teach me hno to refolvey (and Sreak the chain) 
Rofo^ thofe fidUet, and thofe Ms difdain. 
Who iavijb of their geldm hoetrt and days, 
JJve to themfelves, not- to thfik. Maket^s fraifei y 

A. Consider the effe^s,- the fordid ftaina - - a-'^ 
Attend the yice^ with all the griefs and paias: 

That 



} 



ji6 S^f. British Afon-o. 

Tto r$(fjm, ih^X bright fiamp^ by winch weVc gracTd, 

To differ u» hem imfu, is ^ti^ defao'di 

Tiut they're jg^oxt blfft ia fenfual detigbt» 

By quicker f«li(b> Aronger ap;>cttte, 

Free from remorfe, which mankiad mufl endure^ 

Rendered by ,G(io&k>iu rea&n Mmone impuf e* 

Confider, on the wife^ whtc (bameful rapes 

It makes, reducing thtm to.fwine and apes. 

And how tbofi wsmtmany jtys obtain, 

l0fig y^ara of penance in diieaie and pain. 

How* when the brainf are in confuiion hurl'dy 

^U thoughts are ftifled of wiethtt vmld \ 

'Whilft by fach npjHous, dull daMght as this. 

We relifh hen no f erf eci joy, and forfeit /»rarr Uifif 

Tiny Imvf tmghi me u make a fmgy 
Mjtch I wiio my miftrefs guvti 7 

On nohich Jhe cdl'd me -mitty knave -y >- 

^d think ym w*. I fiM her have f ,^^ J. 

■ K7:b G^ti^mn^ fcmt jMoje^ tiii-tfte^ • \ 

Of m^nert tending tethe 6eiiy* 

Jbfdym fljddifetf how I tnttfirmt \ ^ 

7b fmg k in kerdsk vem i 

'Ferfinee 'nms yim made me a foes, ' i ^• 

^d taught mi mt, e*er J cefi'd knew tr, V 

It isyoHr right nev te befiem it, J 

^ Our. inodpfty will never own, 
T9 teach fachtwr as yon Jbavc vflitwn ^ • •. " ^ ' 
\l^hoftJines are of' more force, end^ loader f • '^ 

^an ftrongettmeftard, tM'gttii-^wderi- 

•Twill ne'er be rcaeh'd by naortal eyes >• ^ ^ - ^ 

So foft and fwert yoor mifsbers rmoi 

Sure treade was your hdieon i > 

Nor cou'd their-fiiwoehiieft £> pi^cvsilj 

"Were that not mix'd wvth dOfibi9-ale;> '^ 

Vet fince you oofidofixad ih ask, . '^ 

That we wou'd fet your muft a task. 

On which ypu mighty .in ike^ he$M / 

H6a^i(h and gild, like any (hicki 

And 



And thsititht{<sime\kB)hfrfittt€r; • i 

Suppofc ihciti hogf^cirthen pktid-, S - -* 

Your miftrcfs cit it'tatiBg'iprtw, 

And feeding tWJtb tfcc tatfs to aff.- ^ 

A fpacious field ttrrs to «nrkrge do. 

To fee her broil, and torn, and eWge oa; 

And all her brighter air» cfiicoyer, 

Perfpicuous to the dflllcft lorer : 

How eagerly, wBilH hot, fhe fnatftr,' 

Then firatcheis oil t from' Ibalded cbapf i 

Whilft tears bcdctor het fiming fkcf^ - 

Chang'd by ibrprize into grioiacei ' 

To hear her after, fyh in WHfbi 

(Which iU-bred dowYia will call j('B*h)' \^* . 

Then aB jiiw<»^ ^dti ihayf41I, - .^ - 

In fpice and gums, tsreathes is tite fittelL ; '. 

This often Mth been dbne fn meifter^- r , ^, 

On fucjh wh6fi breathi; wwer Hbt twdifriwiet^., '* 

But thefe Wc ofchr ttiiitfi fp fhtW^ ;* ' * , , * 
What one of fancy bright; Irfee^ou, :^ ; '^ _ 
May on fech lofty fuBjcawftfc,V^- \"' ;-^ ^' ^ ^ 
Whim ale inibfrci, «i*:/to»rt fWit<;'- \ "* • ; •' 

Jin Ode, ocfafin^J hy thtlaH'^Mofii vHf^, 



A 



S in a dark recefs, ^ 
With fblcron (ilence crovi^'d. 
The fad URANIA- i&t. 
And nwttrnfd the cfvi^\ /M^iff^^ 
Which in one inau(piciOus d^, • ' • - ■ 

Snatch'd tfN ^hr coitifoirtl of imf YiU i^mf. ' 
The »7m/^j who fill.h«r trmnt ^ 

Seek to rcdrcfs 
UtT forrowsy but, ak^J In Win, ' ' ' 
They at the avful vifim g»ik)W, - f ' ^' 
With hpr into one PIECE df W<M»' 

AW fymfatbiioiiig in ^ ^«f pr^fid^ ' 
At length thu» kin4, pi^pi(io'i&9 hlM% 



1 1 



enough 



7C^8 Tke British Apgll<>. 

Enough weVe try'di^e ^bjiH ^ mt tm)€^ 
Aadfr^'d her, by affli^lion^ to the higb<^ 
To make her (hew more M^ia, 
And judlj claim ,her tltU from a^ivt, 
^yfffffrages, none but z/MJivme, 
Like hers, cou'd bear, aad meefyffed (hine: 
Bat now we'll change the fane again) 
Since wondroufiy ihc'as bom her griefs 
By wondroas ways we'll give reluf, 
Crown'd with.atrain of j^^/, in number more* 
Than e'er of yWTtfv/ (be has feJt before. 
And be as ready to indf^ge, 2sjhe is to imfhn. 
The lofs Jhe\zs luftain'd of late* 
Of hfr i^i^ifal'd frincely mate^ 
Shall be made up, by nuoi'Tous ^Jkig (hewo» 
To chUdrei^ ecp$alfy her Qwn^ 
Whom we will daily blefs, . 
^Vitjb fucb fuiprizing tame of wenderfnl fiucffs^ 
Thiktfirrens never more (hall find ^ ffaee^ 

Her comforts to deface* 
But fie in them, and r% 10 ^ delight. 
And i0/i& in iearch ot ptuttud h^pimefs unites 
With mfdemfrom above we^U ivfp mipire» 
Ani tbmwith pious duty fire. 
f tf their triumphant Swords we'll bind* 
Sure vidlory, which fhall ^ 
As oft befall* ' ' J. 
As enemies they find : 
Heavens faidn mi n and roaring thtmders round, coofirm'd 
it all for fate. 
Hark! harki tbcf //e«[^« of heav'n is come. 
Loud peals of joy prepare* 
Its paffage thro' the air. 
Whim the divifiing ato[ms aU» 
With violence rccal, 
To gjli^i^ hafiy room. 
Great MarlS'rough, and invinciUe Eugene, 
Have wide difplay'd the glorious fcene. 
And giv'n a^/ow hath pierc'd the heart of Trance, 
And lill on their retiring tvoops advance. 

Rejoice^ 



Jie British Apollo. ytp 

Rejoice, je Brintmt, thtgHMw^l^s m^ dtm^ 
Which Ihtll vilthgkijind. ^ *hHu with fmij k^pm. ' 

Q. /• the Ufi ihrnfie^ tf the fumd Mt §f Stmudt «^ 
is fmdy the Lord was wrath with ZXrwi for nombBr- 
sng the people, wherefore he- fent a pcftiknce amoagft 
then)> fo that there died of the peopb 70000. Wlm» 
therycH think they were nvt hmffif^ fina tktjf SUmtfm 
their enm pu^ hutf» Dvtii^simfm^knai 

A. The deftru^ion of thole 70000, -was a pmnfli^' 
inent to Demnd^ but no other than « mislbirtttiie to 
tho/e unfortui^ate per^c. ' 81K wtohcr they were 
ij3pp7 or onhapp^ after their -deceile^ the deteriniiia- 
tion depends upon tbe< nature of' tbsir adioos: For 
tliey who died in a Hate, of smpeaifesc'e : wers un- 
doubtedly unhappy, noc ^or IMvid^i Bo, but their 
own trao/greffions. For both parts of the preceding 
aflertiooy namely, that the impenitent were unhappy^ 
end that theimnhappincfs proceeded sfiosB their own 
proper fins, they stfc both included in that (mgjk §6tk» 
tence 5 the fettl tha$ fimetht that fhdU Jm. 

Q^ Since ys mre fuck inkers nt tmnfiniimt I wmdd 
define yeu to gkfe 4 jkeke to the etmdttwrintm J^icht «MI^ 
'Sn accmnt ef its ONgimU: 

Vttitt cum puero> puer alter, iponfi* maritus^* 

CuheNo, ly mpha, i^ne> dolore, oidit. 

A. Soiinev think; that the compendious difticb waa 
compcf(^driby'a{flh(H>Ibc»y of'the OkifMMir-i^ But 
we are apt to tiiinlc this -to be a miibke occafioncd 
by that famous monofti<b,*l7i»//'« IfiuMica^ Sec. whirli 
ia iaid toaowe its* original to one of fohat ieiool/v 

The vul^r aoeoont 'ist^tbartbe Davii^ imdnthe 
appearand of an human (hape, upon a eomrad iii(itli 
one of £M0e Ichool, composed the 'diftichr IbriHim.. 
But tho* we cannot rdy upon the relation, yet as 
-feme troth mtjhe dftea ffnind amol)g.«iag|cd^fi9i> 
gerier, (6 this may. lead usito a no'imfrbb&ie cqik 
jedure. that an^ iaton Lad wascthe ancbot of the ta> 
t£tt, The'.tcat\j&adoii you may ha?e as fblk>ws; ' ^ 
Wenther with Soy, t'other hy, fp^fit ^ UMh 
T3t knifr^ wttter^ rofe^ grief ^ reftgn their fnte. 



^«o Sf3&^ British Apollo. 

Q« B I Smn. KXi. . ly MmelfA piys u DaviJ^ frhj 

tftthou akme^ aad. ao oian with thee ? M -vtrfi th 

^j^hy wf fB^ }f.%oimg VH^ thai were vtth David. Fry» 

jL D0%fid WZ$ a giaadee of the firil rank in |he 

-court i^ SMdC And therefore we may fuppofe, that 

rie iie?£r trayelM to aaj difiaoce from.the court wit)i- 

^ut a iplendid traio, a immerous retiaue j well thcr^o 

-ibr€ migiit Mfmluih fahitq him v^ith, the quedion, 

*^i^ itrtjihmaintei^ svd n9 mm -m^h t^t, i no; i^aa.iQ 

•iCoaipfffifbaj1'9^th what I J)»ve tt^i^fn. to fxped. 

• . -Q.. Mir^h^u^U ff, a MMh-M riefem^DM^ whetf>er M 

iiffaccettiMtmike/^p.cfiSadi i. - 

' .-^jfi Th(r'.ft'jdiaith'bedVepcntaiKe:Weive(Plways «viil- 

lablc to faUatioft^ yct'no wt& mao would yeature an 

:^ctdniit7'on €q hazardous 4 dyti. Who of us can aflure 

.c^ &iycr» that fbme acute diftempcr ihaU jaot hurry 

.n« away; aad.;give.us no warnkigt to nitijce up: our 

-ac^Qimti* b^Mwt g4 hence^ md h no mm fief^f W)^6 

of us can a^^e our Mves^ that, ao .iu\ti<kie^ death 

'(&on fiotaw^t tts> that fome One.of the teathoofand 

.acci^tf^ that may .be61 us, fl^aU not^ iusHnoa .\is 

from hence in a melancholy momcat* and ,aot pet- 

m^ us farimueb as to iiaake our exit with timdhavi 

fmrcy ufon my, mfernhU /ml f Who Cif us Cafli aHure 

soar &M(ih that \S a kiiufdy diicafe (hali allow us an 

xy^o^iiiiity.of.r«peqHo9e» we:ihilB:}riet<!n!ite (be 

roppdrtuBity albw'd u»; and otdel^yolir ^o ap|>ea£b oar 

icfiaded Godi But to the^pteddiont. . ^. j -^ 

Ai^nricr a £nirere repentance* 4kt whatdticneivfc^iwr 
!V^e ftt abooit iU ia iyaikble ;ito ial'Viatton i ujion tlieifub- 
dcqiieat account. . ^ .» : .r. - ; • 

.' -Na itiad^dUi truly ^^^mt him of^-^bit'fiffi. wJthoat 
l£an>-Qperadoa of thorblefled S^nriti^ ;Nb>M«» cjfo 
-thus .idmBtmtf. Chrifl, jml^ft the \Bal&et9 drnT» him^ Bac 
'Wr roliy ld^>eDd upon the Igoodad^ of. the Fatlugr* 
•that he will not taiKalhse bay of^hi? creatures* th^t 
he wiUnot draw any man tovbta -Sody'a&d yti defig^ 
his ey«rlafiing ruin. m C.k 



>>.!•. . .'» 



o ^ But 



7^^ British Apollo, yit 

Bat with what confidence can we hope, that the 
Father will bring us to repentance, will draw u< to 
his Son, when we have & long flighted his promi&s, 
defpis'd his threatnsngs, trampled upon his mcicfp 
defied his juftice, wottld turn if hU r^prf, andfiughi 
mr fhe Lord, while he mght be found t With what con- 
fidence can we expe^ to reap, where we have mtfewnn 
to gather, where we have net Jhew'dt tto enjoy the 
pri2e> before we begin our ceitrfe»jio pofifefi a crown^ 
before vit fight the good fight f 

But here it may be perhaps objeded, that many 
iadually repent, when the time of their diflblutioa 
draweth nigh > that many bewail their (ins, bitterly 
bewail their pafl mifcarriages. But alas I may they 
not bewail, bitterly bewail their fins, without a fin- 
cere repentance, without a rightly troubled fpirit* 
without a truly broken and contrite heart, without 
that fturifice, which thou, O God, wilt not de/fi/e f 
Xure the natural man, without any divine afTjftance; 
may. bid adieu to fin, when fin has bid adieu to him i 
may renounce his once darling vices, when they have 
loft their imaginary charms, when they are become 
tafilefs and ungrateful to him } become fo, not as the 
coniequence of his.goodnefs but of his weaknefs^ not 
as the produd^ ot his piety, but of his infirmity. 
Sure the merely natural man may be able to lament 
his evil pra^ices, when the punifiiment of fin is (b 
very near, is even at the doori when death, when 
the King of terrors fiares him in the face, when eter- 
nity is in view, and the very fairts of hell have in a 
manner taken hold nfon him* And th^t a death-bed re- 
peotance is at Icail very often no other than fuch a 
prefent forrow, fuch a temporary concern, fuch a 
circumfiantiated bewailing, we are unhappily inform- 
ed by the examples of the many, who upon their 
recovery return with the dog to the zomit. Antiquum te- 
nent (as the poet exprcfTcs it) go on in their former 
courfes without an awful dread, /(/? a worfe thing Jhould 
tome upon them rand run with their old companions 
so the fame excefi of riot. 

Vol. III. I i At 



yzi ^e British Apollo. 

As therefore we nsuft leave the death-bed penitent 
«to that God, who is a fiareher rf the heart, fo we 
Ihouid do well to fufped the very worft of fo ftdlar 
dous, fo treacherous a repentance. We fhould do 
well to be afraid (for we have reafon enough to be 
£o) left our injur'd naafter, when in our laft hour he 
'fhall behold the aAguifh of our fouls, fhould upbraid 
tis in thefe bitter, butdefervM, expredionsj Becttufi I 
4>avi called, and ye refnfed, I have ftrttehed out tny hand^ 
tmd ye regarded not', it is reafon good, that I (hould 
hugh at your calamity, and tmck, now your fear eatneth^ 
Tho* ye call upon tne, yet / wiU not anfwer; fince ye 
feek me £o LATE, ye Jhall not find me. 

Q. Under/landing by me tf your anfwers, tbutyou hold 

»ith modem aftronomert, that the [un remaint fixi, and 

thiU the difftrent feafcns ef the year are prodacod By the 

ernnual motion ef the earth, I defire you to give a br'uf 

J defiiition if its pefformance. Tor to wte, the opinion ef tha 

» i metre ancient aftronemers, that aferibe etdy a diurnal mo^ 

, tim to the earth, and the zodiacal to the fun, appears 

\ ftnuh mere plain and demenfirable. For if we allive the 

* I firmer, how cemes it to pap, that we fee feme northern 

Jtairs at their fitting (as we commenh call it) always hu 

juft touch the horizen, and that the earth is not either 

fometimes fo deprejfed as to reprefent thofe fiars at their 

leveeft defcent higher than the horizon, or fometimes fo ela* 

vated as to ehfiure them. Or, to explain mi meaning 

better, why do thefe people that live tender the poles always 

fee the fame fiars in their zenith : and thofe tender the e- 

^uino&ial line, ftillfind themfdves precifily tender that eir^ 

cle, as well whim the fun is in Cancer or Capricorn, su 

in Aries or Libra, which feemeth to evince, that the earth 

bath no other motion than that upon its axisT 

A. Sir, we wonder, that you fhould think the 
new Copcroican fyflem of the earth's annual motion 
lefs intelligible than the old Ptolemaick fyftem, which 
contains fuch manifold unimaginable chimera's: name- 
ly, thofe of fblid fpheres, epicycles, ftations and re- 
trogradations of the planets. As for the feafbns of the 
.jrear, we owo> that they would be incon£ilcot witk 

' the 



\ 



fhe British Apollo* 71} 

the annuri motion- of the eaitii, were it not fog the 
third motioQt or motion of inclinitioD or dccliaad- 
<m, tho' Indeed the' matioii of iodiiiatioii 19 not (o 
properly a third or di^in^ motioa from the Acond 
or amiual one, as a peculiar modifiottoa of it* But at 
that peculiar modification contiaoattj ddic£la the aiia 
of the earth from a parallefifin with the axis of the 
equator, it occafioof the iame variety of ft^^onst aa 
the annual motion of the fun would do. f 

As for what yoo alledge of thoft who always fte 
the lame ftars at their aestth, wc may confidcr, that 
the whole pfao»e of the circle, which the earth anau* 
ally defcribe$> is £a iocoAfid<i^s4»k in sc^ed to tho 
iraftly diftafit fphere of the fixt fiars» that if it be 
fapposU continued thither, it witt appear, no other 
than a point. And if So^ it can .make no lenfiUe 
dfArence with regard to tSte feemini; ^ea^th or other 
pofition of the ftarj. And the Ame notion accounts 
for your other Jaftances, whkh are of the fame na- 
ture widi the preoediag one* 

Q. Jtrof f^vom fn$ wkh tki tmuu tf /»Aiere : /e 
vhat cwfiitHtvm ,k is bmuficud, mtd u wbsi mju* 
tiousi 

A. Tobacco is by natuse hot and dry \ it difiniOeiy 
refolves and cleao&s» is purging, emctick, anodyne 
and vulnerary., and is chiefty boaeficial in cold and 
moid conflitutions, and hurtful in the contrary. 

Q. Whap mMhs Thames i»«/«r flinh, mhJ thm firrn 
fwitt upou a vofagB^ tmm 4lMn my uhtr wueri 

ji. If your ol^vation be true, it may pirobdbly he 
caufed by a greater plenty of fiilphur and (alt in lhat» 
than in other waters. , • 

Q Te fatreJ friends vf jtift 49d vkiuom hv»t 
TtiTi desiring wretch^ k$w t$ remcvs- 
His nnx'tous cttresy opprtji with double w$e^ 
Farfiok ^ Julia, Mndii¥ Strephon to^ 
The fair I thought ftm^in fveiy ftfrl, 
Had long mdulg'd fhy fond tptmj^ed heart : 
The yettih aU virtuet in his brtap ctnfin^d^ 
WasficHtf wim^ gmmmh jufi and kind. 

I i 2 In 



7i4 ST^ British ApoIwLo. 

In their kv*d convirfi years I did empkft, 

JBlefl 4/ / thmght with more them nrnttd jy : 

But fee the effe& cf fMimmy 6lifi, 

XkUuiing Juiia rei'd me of my reft. 

The dear ttnkind, ttmniudftd of my love, 

Slafted my hopes and did tmeonftaat freve; 

JBut ftill my Serepbon confiant did remain. 

Sis iaUnjf frimdjhip did ajfuage my pain, 

Jb Ungfh the dowtms of an engaging maid, 

(Bane to ttyjeys) his nobU heart enga^d^ 

WithfiUmn vows Jbe has the youth ingroft. 

Urns lave, and happy friendjhip both Tve loft ', 

If ekmunce has tmtms to footh to reft^ 

jtnd fitch it has as well your works expreft, 

O PhoebuSt o*er a wretch refleByoter rays, 

Di/pel the difntal gloom, that clouds his youthful days^. 

A. Unhappy (Wain, your trouble's great, 'tis true, 
To Jofe your deareii: friend* and miftrcfs too. 
Nought nu)re than fcorn can make a lover grieve. 
And who, alas ! can lofe his friend, and live ? 
But fince (thro* providential means) you grants 
That all fliblunar joys duration vant> 
A preparation for this change declare. 
And let your breaft ferene, and calm appear. 
So ihall your wond'ring fair her flames return, 
So ihalJ th' enamour'd youth with former friendfhip 
bum* 

Q^ Hail bright Apollo ef our Britiih Ifle, 
Whofe charming Lyre does aU our hours beguile. 
With hesmble rev'renoe at your (hrine / kned^ 
T impiore your Godfliip wou'd the caufe reveal, 
ff^f arrsongft'oU the tnvm'rM^/^feather'd throng, 
Jhe cocks haveftdl the moft harmoniousy^^/ 

ji. The feather'd choir, who firetch thchr warbUag 
throats. 
And fill the i90ods with fweet harmonious notes. 
Have by ftrong heat their mellow'd voice rcfin'd. 
Which onfy warms the cocks of all the kind ; 
Crarop'd by chill cold, each hen attends her mate, 
Andy unlike London wives, 1$ feUom known to prate. 



TlbeBKiTiSH Apollo, jy^ 

Q. I dejke so know, if the reium from tbo cafthay 
mentioned in the ivtb cbap. rf Judith and the 3d verfct 
was that cf Mandlcs* if not, to wh^t time mafi »e of- 
fign thataBion cf bersy or is it vheilffaMoas t 

Jl. The captiiFity mentioned in the pa0age you a(- 
iedge, was that under Amiochus MpiphantSt rcprefented 
at Japge in the firft chapter of the firft book of the 
idaccaSees. 

Q> /- have taken ottt a dog's ffleen^ and he is alive, 
and I perceive no alteration in the ieaji in him: prapwhao 
is the ufe of the fpUeni 

A. Authors disagree very much in this point. The 
ancients held it to be the receptacle of the melaacbo- 
lick humour : fome of the moderns will have ic to 
he, either a blood-making or a blood- perfe^ing bow- 
el : others look upon it as the elaboratory of the ner- 
vous juice: others again, that ic only promotes the 
\€i\OTi of the liver, by farthering the feparation of 
the bile, ncu' is the true ufe of it as yet fully diice-^ 
ycred. 

Q. What is the eaufe (f fnmng m tmesfleeff 

A* Snoring we take to be nothing elfe, but a noi^ 
and troublefome kind of breathing thro' the noie, oc- 
cafion'dby fome impediment, cither within or with- 
out the noflrils. 

Q. I vmld defire to knovt why the tea is fal$, and thr' 
Thames /r#/2r, and where it it that the vater goes at kw 
tide i 

A. The ra}tne(fi of the Tea, moft probably deriveir 
its original from the fait rocks (of which there ar^ 
many inland about the iea} and the great abundance 
of ialc contained in the earthy thro' which the waters 
of the fea pafs in fubterraneous caverns* 

The Thames h ialt, till mingled with fo great 8 
quantity of frelh water, as to make £0 proportiona- 
bly diminutive a quantity of fait to be impercep- 
tible. 

The water at ebbing flows down to that part of 
the fea, which lies between the tropick of Cancer and 
the Eqi^tor. 



yi6 fbe British Apollo. 

On the tMng rf the fi$aJel ^ L ISL E, tSc. 

TRiumphant heroes, MARLBOROUGH Mffd EU- 
GENE. 
"When will you terminate tbe glorious feentt 
Not mnter with its inau^icious forms. 
Dark, fullen brows, cold damps and threatntngftorms^. 
Your thnfi of glory can allay. vfhWikyeH 
Thro* all obftru^ions, your great end purfue : 
In vain tbe galikk fvm'rs your fine withAand» 
3Vben over nattire you extend eemmmd, 

Juftly tbat people's term*d a dmcmg nutien^ 
'And luckily tbey brougbt the knack in falhion. 
Since now their heels Sand them in far morcJieMd, 
Than Lewis bis, or Mumi^nens grezttr head* 
In vain tbey toih in vain tbey fart'^* 
In vain intrench , (re(blv*d before to^.) 
Cou'd prevocations, threat s^ ox fccm prevail* 
Or ar^ thing, pre%'ent their turning taii, 
E'er this, by one decifive blow you'd laid 
The^rant flat, and all his Jhame difplsy*4, 
Kowe'er at lafl yOu have him in tbe teyis 
Now force him to difgorgc his ill got fpeiif 
' Whflft the propitious heav'ns on your brave tf^dly/' 
fmi c. 

Q. P0jtther that flace ef Scripture that fi^st If thy 
right hand offend thee, (^c, does not irJtmate that fee 
JImU enter ossr eternal fiate^ with the imferfeBions we m^ 
have had in out hodies, whilfi living in this world, thd I 
am not ignorant of the meaning cf the former pare rf the 
rcerdi \ but it is this fart I eonfider, where ot& Savicsa^ 
fi^s, ?ot it is better to enter into heaven halt or maim* 
ed, than having, ^c. 

A. Your concluiion would be true, if our Saviour 
intended thefe exprcflions in a literal fenfe. But tbe 
figurative meaning of the paflage is, that if any pre- 
dominant lufl, any prevailing padion be as dear, be as 
ufcfbl to us, as a right eye, a right hand, f^* We 
inuft bid adieu to fo dear a luft, to fo ufeRil a pafli- 
on,fince it is more proHtable for us to enter itiat the 

ftrait 



77fe British Afol-lo. 717- 

ftrait gate, that leadeth unto life, under the no fmall- 
uneafinefs of firugglirg with our brutal part, of 
wcedling with flcfh and blood, than to walk in the- 
broad road that leadeth to deflrudlion, with all the 
pleafure and eafinefs that may accrue to the fenfual 
man, from gratifying his inclinations, from fwimming 
\vich the fiream, t^nd felkmng the dev'uts and defio 0/" 
ifis own heart, 

Q^ 1 have heard feveral relate Jimes »ith dlverfi' 
•Mths in them: and fupfofe Irehearfi the fame fimes wttk 
ihi oaths : 

H^ethir fmh rehear fal isJmfuU and whethtr I menr 
the fmalties the lavs enjoin for /wearing f 

A. Tbo' the Jaw of the land has 00 regard to the 
repetition of another's oaths, yet a tender conibience 
Tfould be rery caratious of fuch a repetitioni for the 
following reafon ; when an oath (from ib provoking 
a trao(gre(1i(in, good Lord deliver usj when an oath? 
is profanely utter 'd, the |;pod, the pious man, im- 
mediately cries out, thjt it grates- his o&nded ears. 
Whenever therefore we rchearfe any oath that we 
have been fo unhappy as to hear, we bring the iln* 
as it were, upon the flage again; we make the com- 
pany auditors of difobFiging words », renew our owo 
unhappinefs, tho' overpafi i and give thofe about us 
an ungrateful fellow-feeling of fi> unfortunate afcene. 
That fentence therefore of St. P^nfs, with an incoa- 
fiderable variation, is very applicable here ; It is even 
a fharne to fpeak if thofe tinnis, which an dom tf then^ 
in fteret. 

Q. A young man, an ttpfnntici^ tnanied a young w$^ 
man 9 6sa never bedded. He hasfince got another woman 
with chiH and went oWm with hor, fo that he has noi- 
kern heard 0/ for almofi thefe three years faft. The law^ 
yers tell us, that bed and board is the fttndamental a^ ef 
tnaniage. The. query is, whether tins ywng woman may 
not lawfully many another man, her ffrmer being btst 
half it vMrriage, according to the 4mw rf England ? 

1 4. . ,rf.Wlut^ 



72.8 ^e British Apollo. 

A. Whatever the cafe, you propofe, may be with 
refpc^ to an earthly judicatWe, it is a compleat mar- 
riage with regard to an higher court, the court of 
confcience. The perfons mentioned Were undoubt- 
edly man and wife in the fight of God. And whM 
Cod has joined toiether* no nmnflmU put nfmder. But 
tho* the marriage were compleat yet if the unwar- 
rantable z€t0 which the husband was guilty of, were 
committed afterwards, that adulterous o£ftnce, in the 
judgment of our bleiled Lord himfelf, cut afunder 
the gordian knot. The woman therefore upon thh 
fuppoial is at liberty to marry, if ihe has the adrice 
of a very able lawyer, that by fo doing fhe (hall 
make no encroachment upon the laws of the land. 
For otbcrwife (he cannot overlook that apoftolical in- 
jun^ion ; fubm\t your ftlvts to evety ordinance of man 
for the Lord*sfake, 

Q^ / once courted a lady, who telling me I was not in 
•ajmefli I wijhed a mofl dreadful mifchance might befeX 
me^ if I ever married any other \ but fince that^ fhe haV' 
ing proved a bafe woman, I am going to marry ano" 
ther. 

An You (hould have let us know, whether, when 
you fay, that the perfbn you had once a better opi- 
nion of, has proved a bafe woman, by bafenefs you 
mean the lofs of her virgin modefty. For fince a 
married woman, if fhe defile her husband's bed, is no 
more a wife, and might lawfully be put away, would 
th<^ law of the laod permit it, as may implicitly be 
colle^ed from our Saviour's words i HiTofoever futteth 
av^ay his "wife, excepting in the cafe of fornication j fo 
much more does fo inexcufable a bafenefs cancel an 
obligation inferior to that of a marriage- folemnity. 

But we would advife you for the future religiouf- 
Jy to avoid all manner of imprecations, and not rafh- 
]y venture to entangle your felf in fuch enfnaring-as 
well as unwarrantable circum fiances. 

Q^ // hath pleafed God, that hitherto we have bad no 
children, nor probably may^ $ en winch my husband for 
fome time hath grown a little melancholy. I entreat you 

Ifould 



The British Apollot. jzy 

wmU 6efi kind, as t0 find Um what cwnforts jf§H urn 
undir fiuh ctreumftaoces, 

A* Madatn, we never ezpofe any thing l)ut the vi«- 

ces and follies of the age. As to the qiKry, it may 

be obferved, that providence is fo indulgent to man* 

kind, as to afford comforts in all conditions of life* 

bow Cfcemingfy) unhappy foe?er they may be> if man 

takes the pains to fearch them out, and ftthmits to 

the convid^ion of them. As to the cafb before us« 

moft fure it is, that children «r# cmain trmUes* hnt 

tmcertam comfim, in their minority,, their inicnfibl- 

lity of our kindneifs to them, renders us little fkiP 

fadion from the gratitude of their returns. As they 

encreaie \n years* we but more and more part with * 

them, to fcboo!5, then to uni?erfitits. Inns of court, 

trades, <^c. during which time, the diftance prudence 

commands us to keep prevents all pleafure of con- 

▼erfation. And when they come to years of difore- 

tion, too often the return for all -our cares, pains an4 

expences onh their education, ^^ is fray Father Se- 

fUaj'd to die I The consideration whereof (hocks even 

nature. If they happen to be fools or vicious, they 

admioiftcr only difgrace and aiSi(^ion , if they excal 

on the other hand, they edipfe and defpifeus. If we 

are deprefs'd in our own circomftances, they add the 

extremity of afili<^ion,in the coniiderationwe ihould 

bring them into the world to be miierablet i^ w^ 

enjoy the afHuepceof ail things, it generally debauches 

their natures j be/ides, as afHidlions ftick fafter to us 

than comforts, the infelicity of deprav'd children is 

more infiipportable, than the enjoyment oTthe good 

is fatisfadiory. On the other hand, he who has no 

children, is not only freed thereby from infinite cares 

and troubles, whiph afT^ult thofe who have, but alfo 

enjoys even tranfports in miiery iri«:lf, when he con- 

fiders he has not made others miierable with him as 

be finds many of his neighbours^ around him have 

done: and if he enjoys great plenty, he has opportu-^ 

nity to adopt for children, pious ads of charity. 

which will be ib far from upbraiding their Father, 

W $ or 



730 Tlbe British Apollo. 

or wifhiog his life (horMed, tbtt tfaev will aflift faim 
In obtaining eternal life, in the bcatinck ▼ilioa, 

Q^Yi Ukruid fms cf itrt^ by hwvm difyn'd 
'7b Slifs, imfrwif mid ctdtivau mmkindi 
ffh9 mighty tbh^s in Ufiyfirsim Mrf^tfi, 
jtHd m Mwib fimiftg ^ tii Qtd ^onfifs; 
Hff tQ the wmcM alm^s yM rtltrf, * 
Bind itp theif wwndu fmd imdif fwik thnt gritfi 
Xh this $»ei mir§ 9Xtndycwr gen'rous did 
'3^ an n^gh&edp bfi, ahmdtfi^d mm d, 
"Hvm had tbf glemnt mt$t cf the dty^ 
Vnm mmsl view wiihdNtmn bis ssU eidtiming ray, 
Aftd mm the fakfa^d eWffmfs ef the nighty 
Thre* gletmy dmsds dk^*d a fiddy light : 
Mem he the /hcU& efa verdant greve, 
Seteh as the Geds admired* {when Geds made leve} 
I met the Itvefy ebjeB efrwy fiame^ 
3!lf charming Strephonn ■ ■ ^ehttnhapfy ntmet 
Qm fikmnrvews we msunaUy remwd^ 
And with delight the facred theme fmfis*di 
Till he^ ngardlefs ef wy peace andfame^ 
Trtffd me tojojs, which I want werds te name^ 
Wuh grief and anger fiU'd, long time Ifireve^ 
Agtunfi the terrene ef invading love \ 
"But he with frefh attacks my heart ajfikiVd^ 
Till fftr my faming virtue he at length prevailed, 
Te all love's diiiutes lehedience paidy 
But new (tee late) I find I am betray\d^ 
The Swsun ■■ . ■ l 

PTith baft ingratitttde myfiame reqnsteSf 
Laughs at my anger, and my paffion jlighte^t 
Where /hall I Jfy, eh ! whither jhall 2 run. 
My /home, dijhmur, and my (elf tojhun f 
Miere Jhall J ftisftd me front tins dire dijgrace^ 
And in what comer hide my guilty face t 
How /hall I to my foul lefi peace re/lore. 
That peace, which / tooiappdy enjoy' d before f 

A, As fair (^oeinda'i charms our fex upbraid* 
To be fo cruel to fo kind x maid> 

Whofc 



7^^ British Apollo^ 7jr 

1V[hoIe numhrt^fah^gi nnfuni might recIaiiQi 
And make iaybmfansXQit their horrid oamej 
So (he reftorcs our digniryr agaia» 
By yUHmg ttp to our deffotUk reign* 
CinceiS our plot of tyranny, when /^ 
Her lArtM fUys with greater cruelty. 

When fuch (Irong folid fenie and poinant wit^. 
To grois Macfous arguments fubmit» / 

Yield jewels of ineftfmabie price^ 
The purchafe of the fordid rags of Vice : 
Who can prefume, he (hally^vwrf^ ftand. 
Except opbeld by £ome fnferkrlmdi 
Implore that unfeen pow'r with flowing eyeii 
There your ridrefi, CioriMda, only lies : 
Implore his aid, your virtue to rcflore. 
With refolutioij to relapfe no more. 
Your vh-tue thus recovered, may be flronger than C 
before. JP 

Q^ Apollo's Tons, 6i cMUhus howji gmd9 
FAME'S CHARIOT. Ut mt Phaetonian^iV^ 
Tpfftfs yomr hearts, m high your thoughts mte, 
Andym tmimely mut pur bvothcfs fate. 
For nme revolving manths your gUty bright % 
Has fliorst cir Britain viti rtffUndent light % • 
But now your flagging m u ie fufinoly roves 
In traSs inglorious, fatgiag nought but loves, 
¥ar /home you Bri tains roufi^your flrains preparel. 
To welcome home our heroes from the war. 
The labours of the dufly field relate^ 
Wtth all the toil and anions of the great* 
Or elfe let flinging City r foint your lines, 
Jo U/h the follies of thefe vicious times. 
Dare to be bold, in vtrttse't caufe engage, 
Jlnd cru(h the growing crimes of this degenerate agir- 

A. Miilaken bard, is love lo low a field. 
To whom the Gods ibcir awful fcefters yield. 
Who triumphs o'er the attributes of heaven. 
And with coeleAial Hames, infpires the beH of meof 
Who is all harmony, to whom the fpheres^ 
Tune all the meafures of fucceeding vcars ? - 

IJ6> YetT 



f^z ^be British Ai^OLLa 

Yet Ftmts not fo abfolufdjr reigns, 

Within the empire of our glowing veins. 

But Man (hall have his due, whene'er we meet* 

Aa hero worth j of our mufe to greet. 

We'll alfb laih with juft foetick rage> 

By an alternate ftroke, the vias of the age. 

Q^'I/ is M revivid axkm^ that when thtm is placed 
in the finer fnedium, and the objeH in the gro^r* that will 
apfear digger than it really is I but contrarywife, when the 
eye is in the groffer meditttn, and the objtS in the finer, I 
dejke to know, hew it will appear then i As far example^ 
if a man was to Sve to the bottom efa clear river, and 
book up to an objeB placed above him in the air, whether 
the obji£l wetddjetm to him Ufs than it ist - 

A. As every received truth is not an arionr, fo, if 
what you alledge were a received truth, yet it could 
not pais under the denomination^ of an axiom. 

Some eminent philofbphers have been fo far from 
acknowledging what you fay to be a recefv'd truth, 
that they have on the contrary maintained the fame 
phaenomenon to proceed from a reverted fituatio]}^ 
For when askt, why the fun and moon appeaV big>- 
ger to the fight when near the horizon, than when^ 
in their meridian, they have accounted for the matter 
from 4ht denlity of the air between the eye and the 
horizontal luminaries : for as the air does more con* 
denfate near the furface of the earth (as is evident 
from the noted experiment of bhidder, containing a 
certain portion of air, which continually rarifics and 
gradually extends the bladder, as it is carried from 
the foot to thefummit of a mountain) fo there are a 
greater quantity of vapours between the eye and the 
toreiaid horizontal objed^s. n 

But tho' do^or WMs confutes this hypothefis, and 
gives another and truer fblution of the matter, fo 
neither does he eftabliib, what you call a receiv'd 
axiom $ but on the contrary afferts, that refrad^ion in the 
cafe before us can do no other than elevate the ob- 
je6t. For a ray of light falling obliquely upon a 
grofier medium defiedis to a greater diftance from a 

perpea^ 



■^ — 



/ 7%r British Apollo. 755; 

perpendicular. Whence it is, that we behold the fuo 
•ad moofit when below oar horizon, and defcend 
from a pofTibility of a ftratt line's being drawn be« 
tween us and them. And hence alio it ii» that by- 
the help of glafl&s we can view diftind iflandi, when 
otherwife bv reafon of the coovexitj of the eartfa»- 
they woa'd be in?ittble. 

But left yott mav be apt to think* that G^nee, as w 
ray falling obliquely upon a groiSer medium defle^s 
from a perpendicular, ib a ray falling in the fame 
manner upon a finer defie6^s nearer to a perpendicu* 
lar, therefore iu the former pofition the objed^ may 
be lefs, fo in the latter it may be bigger thin it re^ 
ally is. But in anfwer to this, as the one i»>cootrary 
to what we have oUerv'd from do^r ffkitit, £o wo 
beg leave to ofler two particulars, 

1, If the matter were true, this cou'd atfe£^ no o« 
ther objeds than thole, from which the rays fall ob- 
liquely ,upon the grofler or finer medium.' And there- 
fore, where the rays fall perpendicular, the obje^ 
wou'd be neither bigger nor lets than it really is. But 
you propofe the matter in an irreftridive manner*. 
But, 

2. If the rays falling obliquely upon a grofler me- 
dium, and therefore defle^iog from a perpendicular 
Were a^ually to leiTen the obje^, as to its appearance, 
it woa'd not therefore follow, that the rays falling 
in the foremention'd manner upon a finer medium, 
and therefore defle^ng nearer ta » perpendicular, 
wou'd magnify the objed. For if the firft caie were 
granted true, the reafon of it wou'd be infer'd from 
the rerufion of the rays by the forefaid rcfledion. 
And yet in the latter cafe there is a retufion alfo, tbo' 
proportionably lefs, and thereibre in both cafes the 
obje6b woa'd be lefs, with this only difference, that 
in the one caie it wou'd not be fo much leis as in 
the other. 

Q. Hov mujl I mitffiund thife wtfnky they may re- 
ceive you into cverlafting habitations, wm(# they //' 

there tneant f the wordi aft m Luke xvi. 9. 

2 .A The 



7J4 ^^ British Apollo. 

A, The aatccedent, to which cbe relative T/tey re« 
fers, 15 the mammon of UQrtgbteourner& But then it 
may be askc, why the relative be ooc in the £ime 
Mimber with the aoteocdent ? To which we anfweri 
that the mammoa of unrighteoBfteTs is a periphraiis 
for riches, a plural word. And ft is a for: of figura 
to make adjed^tves, verbs and relatives* to agree with 
the word coucht under the periphrafis, 

Tbi fitreft ktme^ mid antidot$ tf law \ 

JRr ih I tif» rtmidyf wbtu H fhm'd tMfi^ 

Staves m$n okmximi tbm the dkt dijeaft. 

Is there we ether mere expedient way^ y ' 

Ne ether memts^ thtu tmt hv^s fttMtrt alb^ i C 

J^jeetr ikhke lU grt^teftd tribute fmy, y 

A. In marriage, leve is made naore itrm and ftroog» 
By joys, which to no other ftate belong ; 
Free from remorfe and fcandal, which but fow'r 
The fweeted {aWics of a loofe amour : 
But you. propbaoe the iacred name of love> 
'Tis luft you mean» wliich we fcom to improve, 
Loflth'd by the good, and punifh'd from above. 

Q. YoH mil ebligi me with the trmJUtien of the twe 
foUowng verfes eomfos*d by Pirgil : 

Noiie pluit totd ; redeunt fpe^acula m^ne : 
Divifum imferium cum JOVE CifiSAR habtt.. 

A* All night it r*m y dae {hev$ the morninj^-^i/^: 
Ci£SAR and jOVB, a /flitted: fccpier wield. 

Of thus, 

All night it rains } fihc/^ffwi hdecit the morn : 
CiESAFl with Jove divided rule adorn. 

Qlf0>y the Traufi, a feofle near the Thracians, wht9^^ 
an infant is newly born^ they fit dewn and cry over it, 
and carry, a dead num out with finging and dancing i. 

A. The caftom might proceed from the opinion 
they might entertain of this troublefome world $ and^ 
therefore might CJadu^e it more eligible to ^ye than. 
to be born. 



Th$ British Apollo, yjj* 

Q. Im Enxj. xxi. 32. vt rttU amfimkg the fUgm 
rf ktuH i tku the i»i^ 10m fittiam^ fir it wss in the 
^«r^ Avr the vhetu mU the tye were wet frntteth fir^ 
thy were net gretem uf. JXt» fitee the hitrUy-hmveft n. 
the Uaefi with us^ I d^ to knew the eliffmnt feajbns fit^ 
thefe Mftrem ferts ef eem, 

jl. TJk barley iurveft in tiffft wtf • month fijoner 
tfaa^ tint of vthax and rye. timy ( the grcit Ronrnm 
naturtlift, wtio flowrifli'd wbik ^yft wts « Roimfl 
province ) ioforms iis» that birley in xhak comtricik 
began to ripm in Mm^^ and wfar^ in AfrU, 

Q^ fmjf^ tenmed A{k>Uo» 4livet^ thefim hmek, 
'Js*t fremjeet or from fnuUl-ceMl we have eter Umf-SUek f 
1^'li end n d^nte if venchfafing gn imfaWt 
Jbtd highly ebbge years te cemmnnd. Sir. 

A. From iboc oF a lamp oa a canopy placed 
At a diftance, which foon with chat tin^^ere is fac*d. 

Q^ In the xiciii. chafier {f Deuc. the 18 verfe, TboOv 
ihalt not bring the hire ot' a whore» or the price of 
a dog into the boule of God. for any ?ow ; for even 
both thefe are abomination tuito the Lord thy God*. 
N»w / d^e the expUnatien tf this vtrfet smd why the 
deg it stn nimmnmm te the Lerdt 

A, The former pare of the vcrie implies, that if 
an immodeft woman proftitured her body for fikhy 
lucre, (he muft not expe^ that he^ whe is effstrer 
eyes thnn te behold imtpsity^ wou'd accept of an offer- 
ing C ^of *>t wia uAia) to vow an omring unto the 
Lord, and therefore it i^ fiid, fir *wy 'vem ) wou'd 
accept of an o^ing from^ fa unwarrantable a gain. 

And fo gceat an abomination was a dog repntrd^ 
by the kviticai inftitution, that if any man fold a 
dog (as the latter part of the ver(e acquainta us) he^ 
Was not permitted to purchafe any facrificc with thft 
money, in order to make an oblation to the God of 
JJraeL 

To the queftion* why a dog was in fo diftinguifh- 
ing a manner abominable to God, we anfwer, that 
(aa the great Bechartm very pertinently obfcrves) the 
ancient Bgyptisint paid their homage to their great God 



7}6 7%e British Apollo. 

jbi$ibi$t as iiierc^Ijphic&lly reprelented with a bead 
like a dog's. Ai^ cho' we caanot be informed front 
hi&otyt whether .thrs particular part of their fupcr- 
fttcious worihip obtained io early as the days of hAofot^ 
jet it caoDot be difallow'd, that this paflage in the 
Moiaiclc Law makes it not improbable* 

Q. Dots thifod marmfi mth theifodyy or is k breathed 
ma the infaof m full perfe^tvn i if the fertnert and tht 
ififtmt die, what Ufs if immertsUtf can the feml have t 
Jf the iatter, vhy is net a child cafaHe <f reafianih 
things ae the minnte ef its birth f ^ce the body femes 
enly as a fefofiieryfw the fonl, and it isa&tated by. that 
ahne. 

A, Which fide ^ver of the queftion be true, tfie 
Goniequences you £>em to draw are eafily to be a- 
voided. For, \£ infants are bora with but fmall capa- 
cities* but capable of impro?ement by fenfation and 
reflexion* it no way follows, that the foul of a dying 
infant periflies-with the body, fince as it will resuia 
after its ieparatioo from the body, with the fame 
fmsdl capacities it enjoy'd while in the body ; £n 
God, no doubt, will raife tRoie capacities to fo ad- 
Tanc'd a meafure of perfe^ion,. as may^ ik it for the 
€ternal enjoyment of himlelf. But if an infant is 
born with the fame perfedion, with reference to his 
foul, as it can afterwards enjoy, t^hen arrived at 
manhood, then it naturally follows, that the faculties 
of tbe foul lie dormant and unexerted, 'rill the or- 
gans of the body by advances and degrees be fp par- 
ticularly conformed, as^ no longer to reflrain thofe 
manicled,. as we may call them faculties. And this 
cannot feem (Irange to any one* who-confiders that 
tbe fumes of wine can fo alter the difpolition of tbe . 
body, as to reduce the moft enlarged, faculties of tbe 
moll ingenious pcrfbn to their primitive una^ivc 
dormitance, 

' Q. H^fen Hoah's fitod »as, nether aU the world »4s 
then covered with water /. 

A, DHcalion*s flood indeed was a partial one, - and 
confin'd to the territories of Qretce. And tbo' tbe de- 

icription 



T^^British Apollo. 757 

rcription of that flood (as accurately repreiented in 
Ovid's Metamorfhops) very nearly comports with Mtftt 
his defcription of Noah^s flood* yet this is no more 
than an addition of circumdances, taken notice of by 
Mifes of an univerfal flood, to that partial flood unda 
King Deucalm. 

Some indeed have thought Kotth's flood to ha?e 
been alfo a partial one. Bur fucb a groundlefs con^ 
ceit is entirely overthrown by two paflaees in Scrip- 
ture. We read in Gen. vii. 19. That tSe wum frt- 
vaiVd excteJingfy upon the tarfh, and till the ingh Mis 
under the whole heavens were eever'd. At rerCc the ft ifl. 
we are told, that altfi/h died that was tspen the earth. 
And the following relation is fnli of pregnant notes 
of nniverfillty. 

If therefore fo plain, fo exprcflxve a defcriptron 
may be figuratively confin*d, there can be no fuch 
thing as wrtfting the /cripttsres to oter own dtflmSiets. 

(X In our coal pits about New>CaflIe, when they have 
intMy dug otet a vein, they flop it up with all tmaginte- 
hie diligence, that the leaft air tnay not po0fy enter ^ lefl 
it fire the remaining dufi of the coals, and irritate it with 
the ifre(^i&U rage of gm-fowder, to hhw up all above 
it i as was lately unhappily experienced, iy the Irfs of th$ 
kves of above 40 perfons. 

A. There may be a very good reafbn for that can*- 
tion of not letting in the air into thoft pits 5 but we 
do not think the greater danger lieth in that the re- 
maining duft of the coals might be fired by it. For 
fuppofe it fhottld, no fucb dreadful blowing up as 
happen'd lately, would follow -, 'tis rather to be feared 
led the nitrous particles, with which the air abounds, 
mixing with tlM loofe (ulphurous matter of the coal 
mine, (hould make a compound not unlike to gun- 
powder, and apt to be fired accidentally feveral ways* 
as by lighting a candle, a pipe, or the flriking of 
fome flint-flone, but not by the air alone. 

Q^ J defireyou would give the befi account you can ef 
cocbineie whence it comes ^ and the origin ef the fame. 

Ai The 



73^ 7i&^ British Apollo. 

jL The drugg, which we diftinguiib by the name 
of tochmUt is commonly reported by the Spamturds, 
( who in their dominions in the Wejl'Indies are the 
matters of Sufficient opportunities to know it throughly 
by the qiiandties prpduc'd) we iay, it is by them 
reported to be nothing but the carcafes of little Rics^ 
not nHu:k unlike the infed call'd a lady^M^ which 
breed upon the leaves of the prickly Indian fig^tree^ and 
when they have attained to full maturity, are fmo<* 
thcred by the fumes of herbs or ftraw burnt under 
then), and Ming down on canras (beets, are dry'd 
by virtue of a conftant fun-ihinei and the wings 
rub'd off in gathering, leave the body round and flui* 
vei'd* in the form and buik vi'c have our codnmk in. 

The merchants tell us, there are four fcrts thereof, 
As id* TUihalkbe, which is of a black dull colour, 
but the longett grain. 2^\y, M$ifiek$y which is a 
grey fort, and the meaneft oiF all the kinds, gdly. Gd- 
lUcMt in colour between both, of the fame Hze but 
much excelling in goodneis. 4thly. lUxcaU or Ufifets^^ 
which h tht reddeit in fhew, and the richefl of ail in 
uiie i but all tbeie forts make up one commodity, for 
the merchants mingle them together, and fell them 
promifcuoudy for the hbft kind. 

It i$ called Coch'mtU by the Spaniards, as a diminu- 
tive from the Coccms of the antients, Coechus Baphicus, 
or h^tQm^mt which we now coMKirmtSt from whence 
that precious juice Alktrmes is taken. 

But not to enter upon the merits of the cauie, re- 
lating to its being a By or not, wc ihati inform jou« 
that though common credit fpeaks the dragg a pro- 
du^ of no other part than thofe above-named, yet s 
Gentleman of our fociety difcover'4l on an ilknd, 
ibuth of Tpudast in the JEgeanfia, a certain kind of 
buHi or (hrub, the talleft not exceeding two yards in 
bei|;fat, and of breadth proportionable j they bear a 
leaf- thick, long and narrow, and a certain cod hke 
thoie of vetches, which contained 4, 6, or 8, more 
or kfs fmall peas, ct fometbing like 'em, cover'd o- 
ver with a hoary kind of downynefs and juicy like 
the h^y of a red wall ipider. Looking 



f 



7%^ British Apollo. 735 

Looking on the ground be fmud it cover'd with 
the faHkn prodttd or a former year, the cods were 
open, and on taking up the Ittde fruit they bore» he 
found, them both in tafte» fornii bigacTf, coioar and 
cfie^, no other than tbeCMbi»ip/f you-fpcakof. Hence 
the querift may diredl his judgment on the fubje^ 
as he thinks mofl: reafonable. 

Q. Dover mtn, mU /peMkers^ tmd n§ lumnt. iVhmm 
ih§ mgkal tf the frovtrb f 

Am A learned man propofes t rery probable opf^ 
nion, namely, that the proverb took tu riie from 
ibme tumultuous court kept at IViw* where was t 
confluence of many nocfy and boifteroua&amen, who 
. are generally too ready to enchroach upon the wo« 
mens prerogative, and are ufualiy io fuU of talk as to 
leave no room for attention. 

Q. Apollo, [tiy from vheneo 4rifi 
Thofe fallacies which blind our fye/, 
H^ch give us hopo^ otuh duff fur imri 
Wo fh^li enjoy, thtm o*er iofcro i 
Tet tho* wo find it (idl $0trm, 
OfiT hopes we fodijhfy fffifotit 
Bv'n to M age, and them Seiievo 
In joys, whiU»yoH$h eou^d never ghfo, 

A, We hofOt nor are our hoifeo in vaia» 
Altho' our wifli we don't obtain i 
Since theie a reUxmum grant 
To life's vexations i cares and want \ 
And in the mid ft of famt give enfe^ 
Aid in the midli of troubles pleafi^ 

Nor is it varin, to hope for more 
Sttcceedhg jofs^ than paft before. 
Since knowledge with experience joyn'd. 
Yield brighter 4rAiffforts to the mind, 
Than giddy youth, fenfi there's the fourcc. 
Alloy 'd by feandal and remorfe. 

Hipe^ by baljaneick pow*r controul 
The griefs and anguijh of the foul, 
IV(^»ote tta energy divine. 

And make it e'en in dtsrkneft fhine^ 

Sufltiiik 



740 ne British Apollo. 

Siifimn our pilffi$m$g^ below. 

Support againft the fatal Slow, 

U^tthilrMiw the curtains of our mghty 

And-givc us hero a gUmpfk o^ future fidds rf lights 

Q. / caugift sfifl, {others amongl 
Whofe head was full five foot long. 
And his tail was ( truly ) 
Aj long as his head and half his bede^r 
And his body ( without fad ) 
Wks jufi as hng as his head and tad. 
This is my quefiion, 

' Uefdve if you can, , 

Bm Img was the body . , 

And fifPs tail then i 
A. Wife Sir, a fiftccn-footcd difli 
Exaa:]y nicks the tail o'th' filb. 
Oi twenty feet another - 
Contains the body without any pother. 
Qi To fms ef ApoIJo, / <ften have heard, 

rL ^^*^/^^^'' y^ ^^ <^'«^, l^ad never a beards 
If he had, pray inform me how this fotUkfh fiwy 

Was invented at firfi,fince it fuUiesksgfwyf 
J^ who amongft men, but is counted as no mtuf. 
If bear dU ft he is, and is hifs'd by the. women : 
If not, how cou*d he, who was counted fo wife, be 
Of futh^ a crime guilty, and be fuch a nixjy f 

A, 'Tis a wonder more ftrange, how the queri^ 
can dare. 
The phjz o^ bright Phoebus with man's to compare : 
Or fuch praiie to that troubieibme part can impute,, 
which makes its flern bearer rcfcmble a bnit«. 
Were a beard by the God of all fcienccs worn. 
It mfgbt then the philofopher juftly adorn 5 
But as>/ is without it, nor Mercury has it, 
^ It argues philojophum barba non facit. 

Q^ Why does a mifl often precede an hot dt^ t 

" •^' Heat and cold owe their original, not only ^0 

the vicinity or diftance of the fun. but alfo to the 

various difpofitions of the atmofpherc. And ti^ is 

evident from common experience^ fiace in the bcgin-r 

nipg. 



^ 



^£ British Apollo. 741 

wag of fammer we have ibinetimes hotter weather, 
than when the fua approaches the northern tropick 
of Ouutr. 

In a mornin| therefore preceding an hot daj, the 
atmoiphere is io difpos'd as to receive from the iiia 
fach a proportionable degree of heat, as is fufficienc 
to exhale fuch a quantity of moifture, as enough to 
compofe a m\£t* 

But this obicrvation is n^ore generally taken, when 
a Eiltry day fucceeds to preceding cooler ones. For 
in cooler weather there is a greater portion of moi- 
fture, near the furface of the earth* for the fun to 
exhale andetevatc. 

Q^ Th$ Brazil- fleet brings loooo ar^hs rfgM{i4cb 
Mraiwiighs thirty two fomd) andagrtat qitAntity of ditt* 
mmdj, 6efidts their other ufaal merchandizM : Thefieei 
is valued at fify' millions ef cru/adesi each cru/ade is worth 
three Jhillmgs and four fence : 2 defire te know what tha 
vhole fleet comes toi 

A. Tho' the queflion be of vulgar operation, and 
may be folv'd by a very fmall proficient in arithme- 
ticki yet iince the Braxjl-fleet is the greateft that ever 
arriv'd at fortngal (by reafon that the fortuguefe have 
lately iprang a new mine in thofe parts) and therefore 
' many, who underftand not fo much as multiplication 
and divifion, may be curious to know the value of fo 
remarkable a fleet, we think fit to accjuaint the querift, 
that the value amounts to eight millions, three hun- 
dred and thirty thrpe thoufands, three hundred and 
thirty three pounds. Ax (hillings and eight pence. 

q2 ^^ where the rofemary grofWi^ it is /aid there tho 
voman reigns t 

A. Roifemary is held an extraordinary thing to for- 
tify the brain, flrengthen the nerves, and recover lod 
ipeecb, which lad virtue renders it highly valuable 
amongft the female iex : and floce . the woman go- 
verns thro' the power of her tongue; it is no wonder 
fhe takes care to cherifh that herb, that mav afford 
ha fuch a fovereign afllflancc, in cafe of a failure. 

QJiliat 



} 



742^ The British Apollo. 

Q. HUfAt fartimlar mark may he fowU itfcn AJlk&t'^ 
$n, t9 know rohithir the pirtf dHtmi*4 ifd by efhrn f 

A. A fymptom of that kind we believe is ftarce- 
ly difcernible upwi diflcdion, becaufe tbe operatkni 
of opium is chiefly upon the anima] ipirjts^ out it is 
poffible, that a qqaotity of \x. crude taken into tbe 
Homach, may inflame and diibrdcf it in a very great 
nieafure : an inflance whereof^ Dr; lAtud in bis "b^ 
on Opium, gives us in a fisiaFl dog» into whole fto- 
anach he fbrc'd about two drams of it« which firfl 
dozM him, then t^rew him into convollioos, and 
kill'd him. Being open\), the infide of bis flomach 
was as clean as if fcrap'd* and waih*d from all ilinlc 
of the glands, with ibme rednefs here and there, as 
is an incipient inflammation. 

Q. Toymfcf aid, all o'er in deef de/pairt 
Thi womded foul with tnmbUng dots affear^ 
Overwhelmed in thou^t diffih/dJn anxious foinfm 
^utfoon thofe fears, thofo very fears an gone, 
90?en at your feet fhe makes her piteous moan^ 
7%e daring Atheift trembles, when he reads 
tour cogent arguments, and with reluSianee pleads ^ 
That bright Apollo, does his thoughts contrml, 
And checks th*^ impetttosss faUies rf his foul. 
To you the iitjur'd virgin does complain. 
To you fhe fues, nor does fhe fste in vam» 
Thus your extenpve bounty's not cenfin'd. 
To all obliging, and to tdl yot^re kind. 
^Encourag^d thus, I trouble your recefs. 
From you, from you, it is, Iftek redrefs, 
Vfifold the myf^ry of thisfacred text, 
Waich has of late, my troubled foul perplexti 
To wit: the Tea fhall ^ then give up her dead. 
On whom innumerable creatures fed, 
There in ten thoufanJ, thoufand pieces torn. 
To various parts by different creatures bom. 
Who foon perhaps to th* greater kind become 
A prey, and in their bellies find a tomb. 



mmt 



AUud'tDg CO the refuiredton. 



Whdft 



7%i British Apollo. 743 

f0Hlfl thy fhtmfihes v^hm 4 UttU fptM^ 
Suifirvignt mfw food H httmMfi foetk 
Oteii me then horn can the Jeep rtfign^ 
frtmt Jhe wiihm htfftlf does me cenmm f 

JU WficniMSveo'sabnnfcgtrainp (hall dreadful fiNmcFs 
T&e trembltog rocks fhall into atoms bound. 
All nature ifaall a deep attention lend; 
Earth, air, and fca tbeir Maker's voice conmend. 
Each dement tbeir captrres (hall re(lere. 
And death (grim monarch^ (ball prerail no morr. 
Th' earth (hall obey with emulating (Irife, 
And mouldring afhes quicken into life. 
The willing & diigorge the mangled prey. 
It (hall enfold, on t£at portentous day. 

Q^ No mere delays^ dear yo§ab» mj fi^ md cimrms, 
J yield MM eajf viShn to yom arms i 
And m» htvUo you Md^ to that wart 
90jire onfyfft endearments, weafem are. 
Idyfaancy does my exfe^atim move, 
Wtih hopes if moroy than bare platontck lore; 
'ExpeB me then, bright darling of mfonl, 
Wtfi ef that phci, where /porting biueios rowU 
Within the park, thofe flea/km reyal groves , 
Shall be the witnefs of our tender leaves ; 
Jaft at that tmoy vhmftars ef Ufir lights 
Vamjh, ajhan^d at yotsr great TMthe^s fight % 
The morning that Juuetds yonr next reply. 
Thither withjov will Theodora jfy, 

A. Myfterious fex, form'd to amuie mankind* 
Who can the depth of all your riddles find? 
Fair THEODORA owns her fclf z lover. 
But (bill declines the obje^ to difcover. 
Oneof .a^'s fons, Ihe grants the grace. 
But names not which, of all ^pi^^^'s race* 
In (acred bands of amity they're t^'d. 
Nor wou'd infringe the*w/, e'en for a bride» 
In mutual courtefies dwells their delight. 
Each cautious to invade another's right j 
Till Theodora then her fwain reveals, 

WIa\^ (tiz dtclmts obfcurtly, ^t conceals," 

QJ0fether 



744 TbeBKiTisn Apollo. 

Q. Hither hU lawful ta flay oi eanlj •cr n$t ; and 
^ n ist hvw mufl wt flay vUh9H$ a. breach tf a/r^ €f th% 
commandfnenuf 

A. To play at cards is undoubtedly an innocent 
diverfion, fo it be confined within ics proper bounda- 
ries* And therefore cards fhould not claim too great 
a portion of your time, ihould not get the afcendant 
of your heart, ihduld not make you greedy of filthy 
lucre, ihou]d not tempt you, either to deceit, or 
paffion. 

Q^Mayfemd crnpm mamy t 

A, Since fecond couiins are not within the pro- 
hibition fpecified in the i8th chapter of Liviticus,nos 
in the canon of the Church, which is a tranfcript of 
tl^e faid chapter > and fince withal they are a fecond 
remove from the prohibited degrees, ^we fee no fba- 
dow of a fcruple, why they may not be joined $agith(r 
m holy matrmvuy* 

Q. li^DOUi is the word parUament deriv'df 

A» The word is of French original, and is deriv'd 
from the word farkmnu, which iignifies difcour/^ 
ing, conferring, or cpnverfiog with* And this h a- 
gain deriv'd it farler la mente, to ipeak ones mindj 
becaufe in conferences we declare our &ntiments« 

Q» I am very often troubled (whea I am, as me may 
fay, between fltep and awakes vhich may praperly Se 
called JlumSering) with a grievous weight , by reafin 4f 
which I am not able to ftir neither hand nor foot ^ and 
have, not the power ef /peaking ,* which when it firft trou' 
bledme^ I was very much furprix,*d i but being oftm uftd 
to itt it is not/ajrightful, 

^. ...This diforder of your's is that which is called 
Incubus, or the Night Mare^ and it h cayied, as fome 
will have it, by thick, melancbolick bloods but we 
rather inOpute it to malignant vapours afcending to 
the brain, and fo af&dbing, the nerves, as to hinder 
the influx of the animal fpirits to the h^art, and or- 
gans of refpiration j fo that .the motion of the heart, 
and pneumomck veiTels, being hardly performed, th& 
Uood is in a manner flagnated, and occaiions that 

fcnfc 



7^^ British Apollo. 74^ 

fcnfe of weighty and other fymptomu abore mcar 
tioned. 

Q;^ PThat is if th^t engenders lice, and why fime folks 
i$ Ifrad them, and ethers are emirefy free fretn them f 

A, As to the ordinary generation of lice, it ii 
commonly imputed to filth and naftinefs, and a cor- 
rupt motft humour, which is animated by the heat of 
the body. But there is another fort of loufinefs, which 
is purely a difeafe, fo that notwithftanding the pati« 
ent ihould bath !nd (hift every hour in the day« yet; 
will thefe vermine abound: and this is fuppofedto 
proceed from excrementitious and preternatural ha- 
moursy communicated from the blood to the ctttis^ 
Where breaking out into fmall puftules, the lice af9 
engendered, and thence extruded. 

Q. IfSe are eemmc^d that Qod is good% 
"Far be dah give tss daily feed: 
We knefv his pUafure is tefavei 
Buaufe be made his Sen a Jlave. 
Jbsd we heftevet that trtte delight 
Hits in a world that's ota tf fight. 
That if m faith we emit ettr Jreath, 
ffkgain immortal lift ky death. 
We knew Uktwife this worlds a cheats 
We find its joy fo foon retreat. 
Naf, at the hefi we do bitt fisaro 
Ostr good, with a vexatiotis care* 
Then why fi flow, Jo loth to leave 
This earth, that we may heaven receive. 
Ibis faradox, Apollo, fray exfUin,_ 
How in »ii foul thefe s^erent fajpons reign f 

A. Uofrimds on earth fb dofe are join'd« 
As human bpdy^^ to the mind. 
Which fympatluze in ev'ry thing. 
Together laugh, grieve, figb, or £ng j 
Of equal joys is all- partake. 
And ibftr for each other's fake. 
And is it Grange, when thefe inufl part* 
That naiiire ihockt> ihould give a fiart? 

yoL.IIL Kk Am) 



1 



^^^6 The British Apollo. 

And when thefe antient, deareft friends 
Muft part, for fucb vaft dr£R:rent ends* 
Whilft one afcends yon azure skie. 
The other'n earth, muft mouldring lye; 
And yct^a firm and vig'rous faith 
A pow'rfo wondrous ftrengthning^hath; 
That ev'n in this fad parting, 'twould relieve* 
Since always 'tis dcfcdive, when we grieve. 

Q^ Tell me, why hunffmen, when laid dewn $o Jleefi 
Ctmm their aBive minds in Jhrnber keep; 
Buf to the woods and caves will take their way, 
jSnd httnt by night, what they had caught ty day, 

A* When we to (pedal things our thoughts re(lraiil» 
Tfaofe thoughts leave obvious traces in the brain. 
No wonder then, the fubtle fpirits greet 
Thofe parts, where they «n open paflage meet. 
And when they thro' the fame apertures dancet 
The iame ideas in our fouls advance. 
\ > Q^Behdd! behold! Apollo, y^f. 
'A fufpUMnt here with bonded knee. 
And hands extended to your Deity, 
Offering ttp facrifices to your Jhrme, 
And raifing tnfhies to you moft divine^ 
Jn hopes you will not now my caufe reje&. 
And on my firmer troubles once fefieS: 
But fatiify my poor deje^od n^ind. 
If in your recipe's you can but find 
A cure, fir one with pox and gout affiled. 
And by mefi wife phyficians now reje^ed. 
lAft to defpair obtaining of a cure. 
And fired with patience cruel pains t* endure^ 
Baging in every hmb and every part, 
'From head tofiot,frem hand to heart, 
Twice have I undergone a powdering courfe. 
But yet ne'er better t fir I flillgrow worfe. 
Now if you don't extend manum (ariantem, 
Vll hang wy [elf. Tours , Henry. Rogantem . 

A, Since pcfwd'ringCourfes cannot move your ills* 
)9^t thefe your ailings fail the dodor's skills* 

Your 



} 



^e British Apollo. 747 

T oar own prefcription ipt^GdCt then, the rope 
It cures deibair, and cancels flatt'ring hope. 
Hemp IS a ibvereign balm for ev'ry wQie* 
And what you ought t'have tailed long ago* 
And tho 'tis late, yet bettir Utt than rnvgr. 
One dofe thereof prevents returns for even 

Qi Aether a fxtus that diet at thi ixfiratim rf ii^bi 
months is finfikle tf a futttn fistt* 

ui. Since a foetus is before that time inform'd with 
an human foul j that immediate to its expiration it is 
ienfible of a future ftate is what cannot be denied hj 
any, but fuch as difallow of (oh ! that there were 
none, who either by miftake, or prejudice, would 
maintain ib dangerous a do^ine} tiie natural imrnori^ 
tality of the foul. 

Q; Does it not fetm frdaMe^ that Ovid had fime m^ 
tion of the. Scriftttre, when he /peaks ef Deucalion'/ jte/. 
which fiems to aUude to the flood in NoabV titno: and 
AgamemnonV going te facr/fico his daughter, had not 
Diana intervened, feem to aUido to Ahrz^m's facrificing 
his fin Ifaac, iutd not the angel hafpily prevontid itt 

uf • That the heathens in and before Ovid's time^ 
borrowed many things from thofe oracles of truths 
their writings and ufages manifedly declare* As God 
in Detaeroneny is call'd a confuting fire, fo Hteetiut 
is of opinion, that this memorable pailage gave ocar«« 
fion to the terfian idolatry of adoring fire. The law* 
givers of the gentile world evidenced their admirati- 
on of Mofes's inflitutioo, by a transcription of ieveral 
of hts^ laws; as may be plainly gathered from the old 
attick law$, and the twelve tables of Borne. 

As for the heathen mythology, which owed ittt 
fettlement to the antient Greek poet, a late learned 
prelate is of opinion, that it was not borrowed from 
the Scriptures, but derived from the traditionary ac- 
counts of thoie occurrences, of which <Af(i^j gives us 
an hiilorical relation* 

But if it be enquiredl, a» ft pertinently may, how 
came their mythological accounts, if deriv'd from the 
fi)ttntain«heady to dificr in fo peat a variety of cir- 

K k a cumftance s 



74^ ^e British Apollo. 

ctiinftaQoes from the biliory of Mcfet, to the eoquiry 
wc fubjoin the fubfeqaent particulars, which are moro 
largely handled by the foremen tioned author. 

1. We cannot but be feniibleof the very great un« 
certainty confequent to tradition, fince we often ex- 
perience, that even a modern tradition does frcouent- 
Ij reprefent occurrences under a ftrange diveruty of 
material circumftances. 

2. The confufion of tongues at the tower of BM' 
M made tradition to become more uncertain and pe< 
carious. 

3. The equivocal words, fo famiHar to the oriental 
knguages, might ftill add to the unartainty of their 
di^nant accounts. 

4. Upon the increafe of idolatry in the world they 
might accommodate their accounts to their fuperftiti- 
otis obiervances. 

f. What new traditions tb^y might meet with in 
their travels into other countries* tney might bknd 
and mingle with the old. 

6. The Greek poets might purpofely make confi- 
dcrable alterations, to difguife and co?er the traditi* 
en, tfiat they might witl^ut difcovery of the cheat 
accommodate the ftory to their own country. 

7 . As for the diverfity of names ; in that (as B0' 
thartfts observes) they applied the method of the ori« 
clital tongues to the idiom of the Greeks \ whence their 
proper names, as deriv'd fr«m appellatives, have the 
fame iignifiation in the Gntkt as have the Saipture- 
sames in other languages. 

The learned prelate, taken notice of above, thinks, 
that }Xeah*% flood, and that of DeueiUien^s are the verf 
> Ibme: and that fince Detudhn was the moft ancient 
ICio^ of Theffiilft the Tbeffalimns therefore appropriated 
to mm the antient tradition of HMb*$ flood. But 
£nce Deaealhn's flood is fo remarkable an 4r« in an- 
tient hiftory } fince both profane authors and the chri* 
Aian fathers are fo particular in the flory, we think' 
oarftlve^ cxcuftble, tho* we diflent from fo great a 
fttaa* 

Whpcr^r 



• * 



^e British Apollcj: 74j> 

whoever reads Afollod§rus\ at well as Ovut% de« 
foipHon of BweMlMs flood» he cannot choofe bat 
fee various applications from tbe general to the par- 
tial deluge. Which latter, according to an antient 
author, was eight hundred and eighty four years after 
the fbriner. But as fome carry tbe epocha lower 
down, fo others remove it higher. 

What you fay of IphigemA may perhaps be a no 
improbable conjedhire. But fince Agmmmtim and 
Jt^h^ are fuppos'd contemporaries, ibme learned 
men are of opinion, that the ftory is derif'd from 

thence. 

Q. Whtnce was the oriimal faying Jeriv'd,thAt 4 r^ii- 
tented cuckold gees to heaven f 

A. Probably from this fuppofidon, that he who 
can be contented in that condition, can be contented 
in any date of life. 

Q.Ti&ff' net aChriftwh Jit mj durken'd hetfi 
Cmtmns afiul, to tenerms tbougktt mclin'dt 

And far th* a0mg frvmr fm'vt exfre/f. 
Accept the triSute rf a grateful mind. 

The fucred Scriptures, yen defke. Id rendt 
And there csmfuU thofe oracles divine i 

But as a juft okieHion, firfl I pleads 
ffbat grounds t mtat knowledge have you, that each Bm* 

ffks by th*Alt»ightf pen'dt 'tis this Vd know 9 
^ts this will fix wy mfmt faith fecure} 

Tour efforts ufe, convince me, this isfo 
tjy folid reafmt that a God allfure, 

Hiaofo throno on yonder azure roof it placed, 
should from yon vaulted palaces depend 

(There with refulgent light in gkry grac*d) 
TinfhuH mankind, that he fhou'd cendefeend 

To me*s myfterious ■ ■ 

A. What } ihall God condefcend a world tp makr^ 
Yet difregard the very world he made ? 

Shall the Creator his own works forfike. 
And chtldren by ihtxr father be betray'd ? 

K k } If 



7/0 fhe British Apollo. 

IF dazling grandeur does our thoughts furprize»' 
As tho' below his frovidential fate. 

Yet this will clear our whimiical furmizc* 
He's ioBnitely good, as .well as great. 

Such flagrant miracles the Scriptures prove 
To owe their rife to the celelliai fpheres, 

That (hort refledlions will our doubts remove* 
^Increafe our wonder, and allay our fears. 

Such awful mjderles themfelves unveil, 
Difclofe their beauty to th* admiring eye. 

Thus to exclaim the reader cannot fail. 
Him, him I view, who dwells in yonder skic. 

The certainty of figns recorded there 
Attefting myriads zealoufly proclaim j 

Nor will contemporary oppofers dare 
To call in qutftion fo renown*d a fame. 

Begin, ingenuous Indimy to enjoy 
The raptures, from thofe facrfd truths accrue y 

Trace blooming honours, joys, that never cloy | 
And biifsiui pachs of Qiotlefs fame purfu*. 

Q. In youthful Uoom fine from domeftkk c»r$ 
Or -want penurious, coy DaphneVy^oroi 
My hours in rural fforts rovohing faft* 
O^tr- hill and daU on Sorrel> no&U ftoed, 
{Pleas' d with the grateful dm of weU-mouth'd bounds) 
The rapid chafe undaunted Ifurjuii 
Sometimes at 6reak of dawn, o*er ity crufi^ 
With engine fatal to the volant kind, 
Whofe blaft fulfhureous, mounts the towering lead» 
Cheeking their flight, precipitant with death. 
And vhm your fire does fuUry rays difpence^ 
Then unto cooling fir earns with luring halt; ^ 
I do retire the finney herd to tdke» 
At hour 'cf dusk, then with companions hoon, 
BUthfome and jocund, o*er the fparkUng glafs. 
Still mindful of the GoLDiK Mean J paft 
My time in harmlefs chat and repartee i 
Or el/e with virtuous ^tymfhst in ruftick dance 



By 



7!&^ British Apollo. jfi 

By tharming fiunds ihJpirU, the mgbt I wafii. 
Sagacious bards, diSiatt your facred rules 
7> fny HnJUbU fid\ which may refiram 
My thoughts, too much to fenfusl joys mclm'd, 
jtfid pUu/uro to enjoy, us not to taint my miud. 

A. Hail happy bard, who in a ftate retfr'd/ 
From all the ooxious vices of the town. 
And anxious cares, which prey on human Wfc^ 
Pafs fmoothly on jour bliisful days in peace, 
(A ftate which monarchs wou'd afpire to taftej 

So {oft the hUmdiJhnmts, your hours beguile. 
And with fo fweet a face of innocence. 
The iharpeft fight they challenge to explore 
The hidden trades, which may infe6l the foul.' 
Be vigilant then, on your guard, to know. 
How they deprcfs your virtue, or exalt. 
If they refrefh or more ^fk6t your mind; 
If they're your end, or but fubordinate 
To purpofe more fublime; if at the creature 
Tou flop not, but thro' all the various turna 
Occur, you make your ultimate fole end 
The great Creator's dignity and praife, 
Then in an heav'n on earth youll pais your happy 
days. 

Q. Hm iot^ mttft Theodora /w lo vsiitt 
l^er fljo her hvefy cimrmtr am obtain f 
How leng her hitter plaints undfyhs reheuffi^ 
Tell o*er and o*er her wcunds m humble verfef 
Amdfi the glmius youths that dazling flune, 
InyoHT Sright fynod, in four toyzX line, i 

My iim*rous tfuill does wUlmgly imfartp 
Which has my love, vhieh has my abfent heait. 
'lis he who with fweet numbers long huth chairm'd^ 
And new of all its force my foul dtferfi^d* 
*Jis he, who writes fo heav*fdy,fo divine. 
Conveying feeret wounds by ev*ry line, 
Whefe nervous verfe, and lofty vig'reus fyhtt^ 
"Bjevijh eafb lij'ning maid with pure delights: 

* 

It k4 m» 



7fi ^e British Apollo. 

f0fo. willing frh'ners makes the beauteeus nine, 
Hisilft others arms thcyfeornfuUy 4/eclme. 
Tofet m clenreft light the doubt, Uis be, 
Hlnfe province it has been, to treat with me, ' 

^. So fbf t, fo fweet, 7our charming nunobers floWj 
So bright a/bu!» their tuneful Muther Siewi 
Whilft theoJora by tbcfc powerful arts, 
AflaultSa overcomes and captivates our h^rartsi 
Enough to (hake our undivided fbte* 
Were not our amity conHrm'd by fate. 
The glorious prize each claiming to belonj^ 
To fccrct merits of his happy fbngj 
Whilft we alternately our force rejoin» 
Ambitious in your favours All to ihine. 
Since, each then to that province hath afpir'd. 
And each with hopes of fair fuccefs is fir'd i 
Which is the happy fwain» we all fubroiti 
To the unerring umpire of y<Fv wit. 

Q. In the xxth chapter rf St, John and the xyth 
▼erfe, Jefus faith unto her^ viz. Mary Magdalen, totuh 
me notify 1 am notyeit afcended t9 my Father, 8cc. And 
yet in the zSth of St, Matthew and 9tb verfe, it'sfaidt 
And they .came and held him by the feet and wor« 
ihipped him i and in the 24th chapter ef St, Luke it's 
to the fame peerpofe, viz. And the fame dty» at evenings 
Jefus flood in the midfl ef them, and fays, Behold my 
hands and my feet, for it U I my ielf s handle roe and 
fee, CSTr. N^ J d^e yem^ ^hmn whether Chrift did a* 
fiend, er noi before he made Ins publick afienfm f 

ji. That Chrift did not after his refurredion a- 
fcend into heaven before his publick aicenfioiiy h 
what all expositors are agreed in i and therefore the 
difficulty lies in the ezpofition of tboie memorable 
wordsj Tottehme not, for I am npt yet afemdid to my Fa- 
jher. And as this paflage has tortur'd expofitors, and 
therefore put them upon variety of interpretations, fo 
we beg leave to propofe, what (eems to us to bid the 
faireft for the genuine fenie« But we would firft ob- 
ferve, that what we tranflate, touch, fignifies al(b to 
detain or hold faft* ' And therefore our Saviour does 

not 



r. 



cc 
<< 

«C 
•< 



The British Apollo. 7fj 

not forbid iier to touch him for the proof of his real 
humanity, but as fhe roaybefuppos'dout of her ardent 
love (for our Lord himfelf auures us, that /he hved 
much) to have detained him longer than he thought 
convenient* fo he alfo may be naturally fuppofed to 
liave reftrain'd her unfeafonable love in the foremen- 
tioned words, which we would thus paraphraftically 
expound. " Detain me nor, M^t from the bulincfs 
** vhich my Father fint me t9 do, J» I mm vet yet nf* 
^* tended t$ my Father, 1 have not yet difchargcd my; 
'* mediatorial office, an office neceflarily confcquenC 
** to that expiatory facrifice I ofFer'd upon the crofs. 
.** Since therefore I have fo great, ib important an 
** employment upon my hands, interrupt me not with 
your mw impertinent embraces, but fuller me to 
make needful preparationa for fo vaft, £o moment- 
ous an affair. Sufier me to confirm my melancho- 
ly difciples, my defponding brethren in the grand 
article of my refurrefiion from the dead. Suffer me 
*' to /hew my /elf alive tmto them, by mtmj nrfiiMiSle 
*' proofs to be pen ef them forty days, to/^ak of tho 
*' things pertaining to the kingdom ef Ced, Suffer me 
•* to difcharge this weighty bufincfs upon earth, that 
" I may be ready to afeend up m high^ to load captm* 
*< ty captive t to fit domn on tho right hand ef God, to 
'* make interce/pon for tho Jms of the peoplo, to receivo 

'* S'fi^ /^^ '^'*> ^^^ ^* ^^^ ^^ '^ ^^^^ among 
** them. And when I have performed all this, vhm 
** I am a/ctnded to my Father, then I (hall be ready to 
" receive you at your difTolution : you and every o- 
" thcr depaf tiog faint, into my everlafting embnicer» 
** my eternal arms. Then I ihall no longer £iy. Do* 
<* tain me not. 

Q. Is there any charm, incantation, or medicino in m- 
turo fo powerful, as to bo able to forco the appearanco 
tf any fpirit^ datnon, or apparition of a doceafed por-* 
font 

A. We cannot think^ it, for two realbns* 

5kf i.We 



7f4 3%^ British Apollo. 

X. We cannot c6nceive, that matter without 'the 
mediation of a vital union, can operate upon an im* 
material fubfhnce^ unlefs by the intervention of an 
almighty agency. 

2. If matter, while within moderate degrees of 
vicinity, could influence a fpiritual fubftanccj yet tbe 
unknown diflance of feparate fouls would natural!/ 
prevent the application. 

,Q. In thi fern juar Thorney in Northampton (hire, 
J hav^ fttn cah trees of a black coUw, that have been 
taken out tf the ground about two foot deep, and twelzfe 
itr fourteen foot in length. I define your opinion, whether 
they were there buried, or of natural growth, by reafem aU 
the winter the ground is cwrred with water, nor aire there 
a,ny trees growing within three miles of the place, I have 
heard alfiofthe hke in Chefhire. 

A, It is thought by fome, that thofe trees which 
are found laid down fo deep in tbe earth, have been 
there ever fince the flood, and that having at that 
time been rooted up and carried to and fro, by the 
violence of the water they were left in feveral places 
vrhere no trees grow, and remained covered by the looft 
earth or mud, which by degrees fettled from the 
waters, as they did either evaporate or retire inta 
their channels. That is the moft probable account that 
can be given of thofe who lie pretty deep, and are of 
a conflderable bignefs: but as for thofe you mention, 
perhaps it may not be neccflary to have recourfe to 
that general inundation of the earth, but only to fome 
particular one. 

Q. How do you prove that there are antipodes f 

uf, Oa fuppofition that the earth is globular, if a 
ilrait line be drawn from ary part of the fuperficies, 
and extended quite thro' the globe, Co as to pene- 
trate the centre, they, who inhabit the two extremi- 
ties of the forefaid line, arc call'd Antipodes : and 
therefore the folution of the queflion depends upon 
the proof, that the earth is globular, and this is prov'd 
by the following arguments. 

I. The 



Tbif iSiC itifti Apollo. 7f f 

r. The fan ri&s fooner to the eaftern, than to xh^ 
weftera iDbabitants of the earth. And pilots, who- 
iail fouchward, view fuch (brs above their horizon » 
as were before below it, and obferve the £ime Aars to ap* 
proacb nearer to the zenith, in proportion to the dif- 
ferent degrees of ktitude they advance .to. But nei- 
ther of thefe two phaenomena's, deducible {from the 
longitude and latitude of places, could be admitted aa- 
matter of fad, unlefs the figure of the earth wae 
fpherical. 

X. When the earth comes between the fun and anjr 
part of the moon» it cads upon the moon a conic 
ihadow: and opticks afTure us, that if any {olid bod/ 
caft a conic (hadow upon a ipherical body, that folid 
body is alfb fpherical. 

9. Our Europeans have feveral times fet fail from 
J^urope, aud gone direflly wefl fouth to the MagtUnmc 
fea, and thence weft-north, till they have returned in* 
to Europe from the Eaft, and have obferv'd all the 
fame plixnomeoa, which naturally refuk from the 
property of a fpherc. 

4* When we travel a diftance from a mountaio» 
where our profpedl is no ways bounded, firft' the 
lower, and then gradually the upper parts of the 
mountain vanifli from our fight. And when we ap» 
proach the mountain again, we may obferve a re* 
verted fcenf. And this appearance or difappearance 
of the feveral parts of the mountain holds an accu«- 
fatc proportion to the fpherical tumour of the earth. 

And indeed there are^ great number of appearan-* 
ces obferv'd by both geographers and aftrononers, 
that cannot be otherwife accounted for> thaa by the 
Ipherical figure of the earth. '* 

'(^H^en in a dumpijh humour ^ as Ifatt 
The time unto my fmcy adiquati i 
My mindi my thoughtful mind was whclfy bent 
On you, and on the queftion I havefent, 
Tofolve the which, I tim'rous crave jour aid, 
Xet to imphrefi much I am afraid^ 

Kk6 ' Xtfi 



JS6 The British Apoll^. 

tifty^u frgvdkt, diffUyyoar dreadftd $re» 

1^ finding fmh your rod, and mt your lyro : 
' JKe thtrefore pUat'd to know^ I'll wait vith fUafitrip 

^or yoMfJolutian M four gtoMefi Uifitrg, 

For what I vory fain wou*d underfiand 

Is, whin 6f the divine, almighty hand 

Wkro angels m'adef ■ ■■ 

A. D' you ask, when angels into being ro{e ? 

'Tis what an anecl can alone diiclofe. 

*rbofe elder brothers made a tuneful choir. 

E'er jidatfo was inform'd with heav'nijr iire. 

But whether they were in their infant dace. 
When the Creator did the world create i 
Or whether crown'd with a maturer age, 
Vfhen devils vented their infernal rage » 

' ,The facred penmen no difclofures make : 
And if th cfrefilentf who (hall dare to /peak f 

Q^ Is it a fin, to f»ear by the name of God in a trtee 
thing, for methinks the commandment only forbids tofwear 
in vain t 

A. God's name is taken in vain by a twofold per- 

foni by the falfi, and by the ^^mm^n fwearer. The 

one klafphemts his Maker's honour, the othe^ fPorts 

with it. And therefore both unhappily forget that 

' holy and reverend is his name. 

fiut what, tho' the commandment had not forbid 
cuftomary fwearing ? Is it not fufficlent, that your 
Saviour has forbid it> forbid it in a ful)» ita an exprcf« 
live manner ? Swear not at all ; but kt your commum^ 
cation be yea, yea ; nay, ney :' Far whatfoever is mor0 
than thefe cometh of evil. v 

Q. My we can from Greenwich at high watery 
jjlainly d'lfcem the cattle feeding in the Tde of dogs, 
and not at low water, altho* we and they are in the famo 
flace f 

A, Becaufe at that time the water is high enough 
to receive the light, refledlcd from the cattle in fuch 
a^anner, as that the iame light entring a grcder 
medium, and therefore deiledifng farther from a per- 
pendicular, may by fuch a defldllioa elevate the ob- 



!7%^ British Apollo. 7^7 

jc6ks to fuch an height, as to make them become vi« 
fibie to thofe at Gretnwtch, 

Q. H^v long this kiniJom hath retain* J thi name if 
England i vhtn and by whom it rteeiv'd that title f 

A. Bgbtft (fon of Alcmand) one of the Kings of 
the Saxon Heptarchy, and 18*** King of the mftSaxoiu^ 
by his warlike atcbievennents ( for he was one of the 
famous heroes of the age } conquered the other fix 
Kings, and reduc'd their dominions under his obedi- 
ence. Whereupon in the year 819. he was crown'd 
at ffiacbeftir fole monarch of Sottth-Brttain, under the 
new title ef England, which he eftabliiht by royal 
prochimatioo» as deriv'd from his anceftors, the Angles^ 
who afTifted the Saxons in the conqued of this coun- 
try. 

Q^ 7 defre your opinion^ why ftghied coals are red, and 
the flames of a different colour ? 

Ji. As according to the incomparable S\i Ifaac Sew* 
ton, all colours have their exiilence in the rays oF 
light, £0 objedlsare of different colours, according as / 
their particles are dilpos'd to fwallow up Tome, and 
reficd^ other of the difForm rays. As therefore the 
particles of the flame are differently modified from 
the particles of the fiery coals, fo the particular mo* 
dification of the latter renders them capable of reficdt- 
iog principally thofe rays, that are endued with t 
red colour, whereas the modification of the former 
difpofcs them to the refiedkion of all, or almofl all 
forts of rays, from which variety of mixture tbe co- 
lour of the flime ariies. 

Q^ / have of tin taken uf a fire flick in my hand, and 
turned it f»iftk about ^ fo that there fiems a cirtU of 
flre^ tho* the pr^ is but in one place at a time, 

^. The, phtenomcnon proceeds from no other caufc 
than the fuccefTive motion .of the fiery particles, which 
by its difproportion'd fwiftnefs fo dudes tbe optick 
nerves, as that they are not able to reprcfcot the in- 
tervals. 

Q^Ot0 



7f8 7^^ British Apollo. 

Q^Ow yQti$hful /parks, anifuch are termed the wku 
Na^t and nne GeDcletn^o, ( ^ut hew this fas 

Their genius, mje Apollo mufi advifi, 
Whofe fame fo great all others we deffife ) 
Jn their briik (allies, fatyrixje, lampoon^ 
The fairer fex, and as a grofs buffoon. 
A marry'd man exfofe, nor will believe. 
That matrimony any joys can give } 
Yokes, halters, pillories are their frequent jejt^ 
"By which their parts are wond'roujly exfrefi : 
Now tell us whether this true gentry Jhews, 
Or wit fublimc, or whence the crroi flows f 

A, Far is't from gentry, fincc the befi bred mm 
Efteem the fex the nobie^ gift of hcav'n j 
The neareft to the glorious forms above, 
FramM to exalt the extacy of love > 
To crown with utmoft blifs our wishes while 
They raife our joys to raptures with ^ finile. , 

Much lefs is wit m thofe poor thoughts mala* *l 

tain'd. 
It rather (hews, that to the dregs *ris drain*d i 
Since all they prate, is only what before, 
A thoufand times has been repeated o'er j 
They fanfie that t\ieir fovereigns they arc. 
And have prerogative t* infult the fair j 
Bafe, abjedi thoughts, which nobler brutes rcjeft. 
Ought they nor, if thty'd govern to preteB T 
Much lefs with hateful cowardice pretend. 
To triumph over thofe, unarmed to contend. 

Their fenfelcfs palate, through % vicious life. 
Gives them no taft i*th* bleflings of a wife % 
AVhilft ( as it i$ the cuflom of a fool ) 
What they cao'c comprehend, they ridicule, 

J>*ye hear ApoUo'/ font /. 

, Qj^ K'tne taylorsjja to make a man, 

uij you did fiem to prove, 
J^ faying that a Utjfy maid. 

Who met eight near a grove } 



The British Apollo« 7fp» 

And Jhew'n^ them a black fudding 

I>id fright them dn^dftdly. 
Who thinking that k vas a gun 

Did lofe their coin threby. 

JUJoro /, who am a taylor fireng^ 

And -Ktll defend the caufe^ 
Will fight with any two of you 

At either fword or paws. 

*Caufe yoH ftich fcandals raife on Hs^ 

Methinks, 'tis very hardm-mO ; 
JfyoH will meet betweert both f*rkf 

The valiant Jon'than Pardoe. 

A. Thou threatening ninth, of temper odi 

Whofe manhood none believe > 
Who laugh fiy when all the nation moums^ 

And when that's o'er wilt gritve. 
Jlujh*d on our griefs, like crows on corfsp 

Thou woud'll extend thy fpan. 
And fancy twelve' pence more a day, 

Will build thee up to man. 
March to the parks, a dwarf black guard, 

(Thy match) fhall meet thee nimble. 
Thrafh thy lank hide, although thou'rt arm'd 

With needle, yard and thimble. 

To a young Lady complaining that the Spin net /he ply» 
ufm and [ung to, was out of Tune* 

STill you complain, and ftill oiy fiuly 
Is fwcetly beckoned to your found, 
About my lifted f^ty phantoms roll, 

My thoughts in fairy circles dance around. 

Each piercing ftroke your nimble fingers give, 
Not only pleafes but dilates my mind, 

Ifwell methinks, bfyond my felf Md leave 
The tajle of frail mortality behind. 

My beating heart of heavnly force pojpjl, 

Knocks loudly at my eitrthly breafi. 

Fain 



7^0 7!&^ British Apollo. 

Faia wou'd bi gmty but knows not where % 

For when iUud into air. 

The fititf J is left which fummon'd it away, 

Tijen all impatient of delay 

The raptur'd fugitivi is dowwmtirds fungp ^ 

Clings to your inflrummt tho' loofcly ftrung, L 

And hangs upon the mufak cfyeur tongue : j 

Still you complain, dill love infpire. 
Like men, who live in an infixed air* 
I gape for breathy but Arait admit dtfpatr. 
Each tHneful accent, arm'd with pointed |>3in» 
Raifes the boundlefs fwy cf depre. 
Which your harmonious ehatms can never lay again* 
Ah cruel fair, too late alas ! I fee, 
, The needltfi firatagem of your difJain, 
You might with open force have conquered tne^ 
For all repftance had been varn. 

But 4^.' you a6^ like Tome delufrve foe^ 

Who docs a fieming ignorance difplay, 
A while with aukvard geflwes waits each blow* 

And with a tufty fvmd difputes the day. 

Till his tmrnary enemy amaz'd 

To find a fndden change in his alarms. 
So htigftirprix/d has on the wonder gaz% 

That wanting skill to ftght he throws away his 

arms. 

Q^ Could ourftrft parents Adam and Eve ha^epmitJt 
had not the devil tempted them I 

A> Our fird parents perhaps mighi never have traof- 
grefs'd, had they not been tempted : But that tjiey 
coH*d have (inn'd^ or that it was /^/r for . them to 
have finn'di may be readily colleif^ed, in that thcf 
were created with a freedom of de£lion ( for other- 
wife they cou'd not have been tempted to fin) and 
in that he, who tempted them, was once a Seraph, 
and yet ventur'd upon fin without a tempter. 

(^ We food in Rom* ▼•14. That death reigned 
from Admn to Uofes^ even over them that had not 

finny 



Tie British Apollo. 761 

finaM after the fimilitude o£ AJam'i tranigrelTioo. ^ 
I^cm fiM thofi Ante-Mofricks cond noi vioUtie the t^tr* 
law if Mofes, -rnhkch dmnmc'd dtath U its tranfgrejfiiru 
imrytt weregmilty rffimmg tifier the fimilitude ef Adam'i 
tranfgrejtm, hew came denth to reign ever them f 

A. The very fame Apoftle in the immediately fuc- 
ceeding ?er{e intimates the reafon in an hypothetical 
fentence, if thro' the egettee of one many be dead^ Adam 
by bis difobedience to a pofitfve law (and therefore 
to difobey a pofitive law is to fie after the fimiHtudo 
^ AdaroV tranfffreffign) intail'd the heritage of death 
upon his whole pofterity. 

Q. *JUfkid m the 27th Terfe, ef thefirft chapter rf 
Geneiis» that God created man in his own image, io 
the image of God created he him. And in the latter 
fart ef the ffud waCe^ 'tis faid again, male and female 
created he them. 

A. The word man in the paiTage alledg'd, coaches 
a fpedes under an individual, and therefore imports 
mankind. For at that time Adam and Eve composed 
the whole fpecies. And therefore him agrees with 
enan, the word couching i them with mankind, the 
word coucht. 

Q. Whether thofe that fhdll be extant ait the d»f ef 

judgmem, Jhall fufir death, or ennj change in their bo^ 

dies, bttt receive their blifs or w^e withoia any alteration i 

Und wlkther thofe that /hall be rais'd, fiail be in aU 

things Uke unto them t 

A, To both the queftions we reply- from no lets a 
J^lbn than St. Paesli Behold I Jhewyou a tmfkry, wo 
(hall not alljleep, bnt we /hall all be chatted in a mo* 
menf, in the twinkling of an eye, at the lafi trttmf (for 
the trumfet /hall /osmd, and the dead /hall be raised in* 
corruptible, and we /haU be chang'd) For this corruftiMo 
mufi ffst on sncorrstption, and this mortal muft fut on im* 
mortality, i Cor. xv. yi, yi, f 5. From which me- 
morable pailage it evidently appears, that the dead 
Ihall be rais'd, and the living chang'd into the very 
{ame nmilitudc* into an incorruptible, an immortal 
fiacc. For Chri/i /hall change our vile bodf ( whether 

dead 



I 

761 The British Apollo. 

dead or living) iJi?at it may he like unto his gUmus 60^^, 
accerding to the working whereby he is nble to fubdue nil 
things unto himfelf. But if we enquire into the more 
particular (imilitude of Chrift's glorious body* and 
confequently of our own future Ix>dies> St. J^a^v gives 
us a fulJ» tbo' a negative reply to fuch an enquiry ; 
It doth not yet appear what we Jhall be j but wt know, 
that when he (hall appear, we JhaU be like him > for we 
Jhall fee him as he is. And O ! that our praflice were 
agreeable to our curiofityi that we were willing to 
obferve the inference deduced from hence by this di* 
vine Apoflle > Every man that hath this hope in him 
(the joyful hope, the ravifhing expe6iation of being 
like the bleiled jefus at his great appearance^ purifieth 
iimfelf even as he is pure. 

Q^ Why the trade-wind in the Weft-Indies always 
Uows within one quarter of the compafs^ and at all times 
.rf the year f 

A. As winds are dldinguiiht into conftant and in* 
conftant, general and particular, fo the wind you (peak 
of is both conflant and general. And because it is 
general, that is, blows in many places from the Ame 
point over a large quantity of the globe, it is there* 
fore called a trade-wind. It is an eaft-wind» and blows 
in the atlantick* ethiopick and pacifick feas. It \i 
lead variable in the latter, iince.fea-men can fail from 
AauapuUo in new Spain to the Philippine ijlands (a voyage 
or 1 6f o leagues ) in 60 days» without . any occafion 
to ihift their fails. This wind is obfervable, not only 
.within the tropicks. bat even to the 30th degree ot 
latitude on each fide of the equater. 
^ Some have attributed this wind to the daily rota- 
tion of the earth, which as it moves eaftward, ib it 
Jeaves the air, which is a fluid behind it, whence it 
blows weftward with refped: to the iuperficies of the 
earth. And this folution receives fome countenance 
from that other phaenomenon of theeaft-wind, namely, 
that it is conversant near the equator, and under fuch 
parallels, where the circks defcrib'd are the largeft, 
and confequently the rotation of the earth the grtateft. 

£ut 



TZ^^British ApolLo. 7^5 

' But the CfipernicMts, in defence of their modern fy- 
ilem of aftronomy, have clearly overthrown this plau- 
sible folution. For ( as they well obferve ) lince the 
air gravitates towards the eartb» and adheres ro it» it 
is naturally carried round with the fame motion. 

Csrfejms draws the pbsenomenon from the influ- 
ence of the moon. But iince his folution depends 
upon feveral phyfical hypotheies> and is withal re- 
jcded by Vtirmms, it is enough to have barely mcn- 
tion'd it. 

But the beft and indeed true folution h taken from 
the fun. For as the courfe of the fun is weflward, 
and as the air is mod rariHed under the fun^s mcrt- 
diauj £0 it follows from the neccfTary laws of fta* 
ticks, that the air which is more condenfe, readily 
flows to that which is more rarified, in order to 
preserve an equal balance. Whence the air, which is 
not at a greater diftance than is mention'd aboTe» from 
s vertical fun, naturally follows the courfe of the fun* 
But fince the fun, asitpailestheecliptick, goes north* 
ward and Southward, it foiiowsr that to thofe who 
Jive under the line, the foreiaid wind is fometlmes 
full eaA, fometimes eaft>north« and fometimes eaft- 
ibuth 9 and that to thoie, who live in the temperate 
2rones, it is fometimes full eaft, namely, when the 
dedenfion of the fun iz too fmall to make a difie- 
rence ; at other times, to the northern iailors it it 
cail-ibutb, (o the foutherii eaft-nortb. 

Q^ Tray exfiaia the metming of the Eaton MflUh t , 

ji. The ftory is reported of a butcher^ who with 
the fame knife he kill'd a wether, accidentally flew 
one of his (bns, who was unhappily too near the 
wether. An immoderate concern for fb unlucky a 
mifchance tempted the father to hasg himfelf* The 
other fon was unfortunately drown'd, and the mother 
was £0 ien/ibly aflt^ed with the tragical miifortude* 
of her family, as to expire with gridf. 

Q. fl4y a candle, theJkfM being put Mt, ftmU fend 
forth ftteh an odmtsfmtU^ whereas fiar/mg^ it is net in 
the leaji offeree f 

A* That 



7^4 ^^ British Apollo. 

JL That ofFenfif e fmcll proceeds from a faetid /tzU 
phur; wbofe particlesi wbiift the candle flames fwifti/ 
fly awaj, -ccnjojn'd together as it were in a torrenr, 
whereby the ill favor is prevented : Bat when the 
flame is pat out» thofe (ulphureous particles are Sepa- 
rated and retarded, and through their fluggifh flight 
we become more fenflble of that ungratefui fmell. 

Q. 7}) vhfit C(mfi$H$kn is tis Seneficial, and to what 
injurious f 

A. By tea, we underfhnd you, green tea, which 
moderately heats and dtits, opens, refolves, and at- 
tennates, is diuretick and anodyne : Takes away pains 
of the head, is good in di Realties of breathing, and 
eafes griping In the bowels : Contemperates the blood 
and humors* and is fuppos'd to expcll fleep, by re- 
prefling or reiblving the vapors that afcend to the 
head : And fb corroborates the brain as to enable it 
to be without fleep whole nights without injury: And 
is chiefly beneficial to cold and moid conftimtions. 

Q. To fiurod fai$s» vho wth h^s divine^ 
To folvo our doubts and fUafi the town comhtne^ 
Who 6f your wondrous fwV of verfi can heal 
Our blitding wounds, sth i condefcend to teil. 
How a moft wretched woman may regain ' 
That peace, which now alas ! Jhe feeks in vam i 
I lov*d a youth 6f nature farm'd to pleafe, 
Adom'd with every art to gain accefs 
To a find woman's heart, who thought her filf undono 
TiUJhe eou'dfix the wondrous youth her own, 
Venus frofitious to my wijhes proved. 
And whilfl I figWdfor him, he own*d he Icv'd. 
Spring-tides af pUafure did my breafi invade, 
When he in moving founds his flame betruyd, 
For he was all n^ joysy and I his chamber-maid $ 
But oh ! what words, what accents /hall I chufe, ^ 
What God (hall I invoke, what facred mufe,. 
3> pam tfie reft fit for Apollo*/ eye, J 

Whilft cwfcious hlufhis of the deepeft dye i- 

Inflame my cheeks, und damp my rifing joy i j 

T0t 



} 



} 



Tie British Apollo. j6j; 

Mb ! the tUehft fftiU wy fenc'tl gwdes, 
utnd fwt w deity o*er hoken vems frefijes. 
This desr» this levefy yenth J have bettafi^ 
uSndfMtaUji Mmtber man my hushand made. 
JDrvme Apollo, ifyottr art can Jhne^ 
%0Ma recemfenee te injur' d leve I ewe, 
L/tt deffatrmg wreteh the ftcret kneml 

A* Can fuch delioauents ask an aid divioe ? 
Can fuch unhallow'd bands approach our ihrioe ? 
Can thence fuch criminals a pardon gain. 
Where juftice flows, and wifdom's didates reign ? 
Kot HelUn't crime a deeper tinware gave, 
Whofe faithUfs fight procurM old TVey a grave« 
Scarce Vanaus ottfprings a^ed greater iil. 
When each her Lord did at the nuptials kill. 
Nor could vindidi?e heaven x\Si guHt forgive. 
Or let (uch finners unrewarded live^ 
lUUgm's hypocrites, and thofe of Uw, 
Could never merit favours from above ; 
Go then, perfidious wretch, remain diftreft^ 
And fed the tortures of a perjur'd breaft. 
Let youthful phantoms ever plague thy flgh^ 
And loft enjoyments rack thee day and night. 
Let former biUedeux frefli woes prepare. 
And every line a dread indi^ment bear ; 
Let.paft defaults thy fiiture Uifs deftroy. 
And long regret prevent all accidental joy. 

Q* S^ns ef the Deliao God, I fray allpt, 
The caufe why Jhayfefi wit freves greatejlfit f 

A. Such think their wit wiU never let tbemwant* 
And thence th* ingenious prove extravagant, 

Q^ Apollo, Tm pietmf and a jelfy ircwn wench 
Leve mirth, whm en Uwdmfs it dees mt intreaeh $ 
Pm ceetrtedfy cneiffi Unnyem weu'd/meart 
That withjujh and Sloed he at enmity were | 
A mire hag ef bones frem his feet to his erewn* ' 
And his sinn fits mpen 'em like a locfe meminf gfnm i 
New fay. H what nfi can I put this feat creature, 
fxfepting to teak 90^ tmd Is^gh my felf fatter f 

Af He 



j66 Sl&^ British Apollo. 

A, He may be for moral inftru6lion and u&, 
Which on both accounts may your liking induce » 
If the andents a skull plac'd each day on the table. 
To mind them of death, and that life was unftable, 
A ikeletm is more txpreffivi, your fighf 
It not only takes, but you feel it all night. 
Of ufc in your gardens, he like wife may be. 
For his ckittering bones, when they're hang'd on a 

tree, 
May frighten the birds beyond maukin or fnapper. 
This caution alone you mud take, that your clapper 
Inform him no fecret, for fear he's fb tkn 
^hat people may read it quite through his skin* 

Q. 2> vtfi and fnofi Mghtful too i 

TU/pmd tfns voice in crigs, 
^ in tears 1% waft theft qfes, 
Vnlefs lam relieved iy ym, 

J love ; but dare n*t let it be knr»n^ 

Who can like me complain ^ 

lb love and love in vain ! 
My Jove s kind of dream is grown. 

Fear, anger, hope, give all your aid. 

This tyrant drive from me \ 

If your fociBty 
Cm do*t, for you my prayers are made t 

A, Obferve well all the fwains, you fee. 

Perhaps you foon will find. 

For (hape, for face, for mind, 
A nobler fWain, by far than he. 

Thus you your flame may fmother. 

If cv'ry grart and air, 
i You *mpartially compare. 
And by em heat, drrue out another. 

Q. In the bible we meet with this expreffton, wine 
that cheareth the heart of God and men : Tray, how 
can wine cheat the heart of God f 

A, Princes and magiflrates are ftiledGods in Scrip- 
ture, agreeable to that pafiage in the Pfalmift* I /aid 

J* 




r 



7%e British Apollo. 757 

ye Mfi Gods, mUyt mr% all the chiUrm rflhi mtfi Wgjbi 
And to this verjr paflage our Saviour has recouriei b 
H net written myour law, I find ye ttre God* i 

Q^ The frephet Ezekiel, chap. i. ^hes hi tm se* 
ctntMt ef a vijien rf fettr Uvmg creatttres, Thejr had the 
likenefs of a man, ver, 5*. As for the likenefs of their 
faces, they ibur had the face of a man, and the face 
of a lioa on the right fidt, and they fcmr had the face 
of an ox on the left fide j they four had alft tb» 
face of an eagle, ver. 10. There were alio four 
^if heels of one likenefs, and their appearance and their 
virork was as it were a wheel in the middle of a 
^^heel, ver. 1 6. This vifien is aeknemUd^d te he et fyf§ 
ef the EvangeUfis, and thtfubjeBs they write upen agree^ 
mSle hereunto. The mm*s fact i$ afflied to St, Matthew* 
she lien to St, Mark, the ox to St. Luke, and the eagle 
t& St, John. And the reafiH is obvious, that the fymbelt 
mre aaaftedte them, net only from the beginning, bnt alfo 
fireae the whole tenour of their Goffels. Thus St. Matthev 
Segins with his manhood ^ deriving his pedigree from A bra-* 
ham. St, Mark acknowledges him a king, tyfiffd by 
the lion of ]ud^. Gen. xlix. ver. 9, 10. fuda is a lion's 
whelp, c^f . The fceptre (hall not depart from j^ttda, 
nor a lawgiver from between his feet until ShUeh 
come > and unto htm ihall the gathering of the peo- 
ple be. And accordingly he begins with this glerioas \an£t 
harbinger, his m^ or ecyftX^-^ who lion^like cries out 
'j^«(|bu»V«]i rijy ohp, 6cc. and tkfo* the whole does inform 
us, that that man ,whe eon do fo great miracles mufi be 
more than a mere mate, ( Lord of all) andfo concludes 
bis .Gofpel with Chrifl^s afeenfm. St. Luke begins with 
his friefthoed, and therefore is typified by an ox or calf, 
the principal of their, faerifices. But abirve aU, St. John 
fours high, and with an eaglets fight piercing the clouds, 
not enfy reaches bis fotd, but even his divinity* Wor the* 
the other have given us an account of his body and car* 
nal genealogy^ none bat St, Jo^n has told us A«f&^ 
erd^ i'y'tnTo, The word was made fiefh i which is the 
reafm, as you may well obftrve^ that he was fo much 
admired by the Heathens, Agrnable to this interpretation 
a « 



7<sS ne British Apollo. 

it vlmt Ljrra fiys^ m Glofs. ord. fup. i. P. Joan. In 
aomioe bumanitas, in leonc regnum. in vitulo facer* 
dotfum, in aquila divioitatis iacramcntum. And Lu*. 
dolphus ySi)fi» de vita Cbriilf» Marcus in Evangeiio 
ibo intendit bominem* fcil. Jefum» cile & fuifle vir- 
tutum dominum & imperatorcm & regcxn oconium. 
jind vkMt it fit §ifirvM6ii, »» tlmt tb»* thije differ in 
their writings aSota tin pffict, yet Ukt th§ fmr whukp 
they mU ttgm m tkt ftrfimt Jefus Chrifi. 

A. Sir» as we tbink the objedion you are pleas'd 
to make to our explication of tbe four fymbols* a 
fjpecimcn of jour ingenuity and learnings to we pre- 
sume upon your candor, tbat you will not refent our 
endeavours to refute it. We therefore beg leave to 
propose the fubfequent particulars. 

I. The pafTage in 'EzjtM is introduc'd with the 
repr/efentation of a whirlwind frtm tbe imthi tbe ufual 
laoguage of the prophets, when they ipeak of tbe 
p)ini(hment of tbe Jews by the King of Bsiyhn. But 
this is incompatible to the four Evangelifts, who be- 
gan in ^Mdes to preach tbat Gofpel which went forth 
as lightning from the £aft. And this is agreeable to 
tbo£ ancient prophecies concerning the Mefljah,men- 
tion'd by Jofephm and Tmsus^ tbat fome great per* 
ipn (hould come out of the Eaft and rule the world ; 
which tbe former as well as the latter (to curry fa- 
vour, we may fuppofe) imptoufly applied to Vtffafi^ 
mtt created Smperor in yHdea- 

a. The various circumfiances of tbe four living 
creatures are circumftanccs of terror » and therefore 
very proper to decypher tbe dcftrudlion of tbe Jews 
by the northern monarch. But this is di/agreeable 
to the nature of the four Evangelifts, who were fent 
upon a pleafing errand, were embark'd in an arnica- 
Ue defign, were employed in an alluring embafly, 
and difcover'd the grateful engaging news of a fricnd- 
\j reconciliation with an ofiended God. Well there- 
fore does ^f(mt propbefy, hew heatitiftd upon the 
mo^mus Mre the feet ef htm (a iynecbdoche of one 
luiiibpr for another^ ^t kingetb geed tydinp* thmt 

ftMiJhetb 



fhe Bmi'isH Apox>lo.' y^^ 

tfMUhiih fetutf fhMt hk^tth goU pfdrngt §f g%^d, timt 
ftMJhiih fidvatm^ thtufimh unig Sion» tiy Gpd reign* 

J. As there are feveral iuterpretations of the four 
lifing creatures, £o that feems the beft, which fup* 
pofes them fyrobols- o£ four principal angels, com- 
miffion'd from above to aflift the King of Bi^lm m 
the deftru6Hon of fnfufrkm, and to c^ftife the fiws 
wherever they (hould flee. And the number fmt tmy 
n6t improbably allude, either to the four divi/ions of 
the camp of Ifrttfl ta. reprdcnt their intire de/bue^' 
tion r or to the four corners of the world, to fignt* 
fy that no diflant refuge ihould.be able to protdSI 
them from Almighty vengeance. 

And the fbur^ living creatures Ipecified point out' 
the angels qualifications to difcharge their office. For 
as a man is endowed with wifdom, a lion with coa*. 
r^e, an ox witb patience, an «agle with fwiftnefs^ 
ib theie didowmems are iodifpenfibly oecefiary to 
thofe mefTcngers of deftru^ion. 

4. Your expoiitton fuppo&s the fir ft i/mbo] to 
be a man, ours an angel. 

f. St. tuki is io tar from beginning with his 
priefthood, that he begins with his regal office : for 
the aogel fays tp Mwy* H* flM S0 uWd g^iat» and 
(hall be called the Sea tf the higheft, and the Lord Cod 
fiaU give Httt9 him the thnme iof his fatffer David; and 
heJhaU reign over the houfe ef David for ever^ and of 
his kingdom there Jhtli be no end. And indeed we canr 
not ice how the. Evaogelift could begin with hit 
prieftfaood in an hiftorical manner, fince our Lord 
diicharged his prieftly office on the crbfs. But if you 
refo to the prophecy of Zacharias, the father of tht 
Baptift, yet the prieftly office is fiiUequent to the rer 
gal in the order of the narrative. . 

And whereas you iay, that the miracles recordeili ^ 
by St. idark ipeak our bleHcd Lord to be more than. 
mao, this no way diftiogui(h/es Sr. idofk from St., 
Mauhete, iincc the form^ is aljowed to be an epito- 
mi&r of the latter. 

L! QjCfi- 



J 

770 ffe British A^ax^Le. 

<^ Gentlemen, I {Me noe iufiyou karveekbep^jlm 0^ 
hmxdeftm eU^km^ wke earner frv^d ma^romfi^f^ 
4tu*$ in/pirUst vhich he e»fops te fi^ht for a fmali fM^ . 
ter^ Md not fi^fy affirmt,^ ^u» ffoinMt a eniSft0$$^fyK^d 
by tnany ferfim^ that thefrid fwnfiers veea vemked em$ 
4>f his ifody Mt feetmd di0ani times.- He father fiffimu 
that he has em now in his Bodf^ vhith gnamtt him fff(* 
t'muaV^s stnd cmfes him t$ ettt sks wfftch m moMfiiSk* 
ibree er^fesir geed fiem4uheA 

jt. Without feeing t^c old fitllow jom fposk «€ 9V 
his moAftFOus fostus^s, whi(^h we toppo^ to be h%n 
man, we may be podtive* that notwithftanding kin 
afipinatioDk and ^cf cificaces, be is a cheat aod an ifn* 
podor, and that be is not like to find any credit, fant 
with the noofi credqlous and ^norant part of man- 
kind: for as it is certain tbat no fuchnEumftroq^prer! 
dudiions can happen but- Where natural ones do» it:i« 
no Mt certain, that no hunyaki io^tuis can bcgesc-* 
rated in a man's fto«\acb> where neither the OEiateri^ 
^nor the efficient caufe can be found. Somte ocbev 
fmaH liviiig creaftuFC& indeed niay perbqps be faatc])C<2 
there, when we happen to fwallow their eggs i* <iMf 
meat or drink ; but we fuppofe no rfafonaj^le body 
wHl think, that the eggs out of which die botnaa 
foetus's su« produced, are liable to be fo fwaUow** 
td up, 

Q. Gentlemen, n. friend ef' mine een/kntlt.frM^ifitJii 
eh CHtting down tk/h trees of » ceptmii \enfy'\^'er<itic9i.m'»T 
nmte in the year, (which junShtre he had fipmi x^ lat0 
famous Van Hel^Miont) that he alfr esses one into, finadt 
focket'tieees^ and gives grutis feme thoufinuls yearly fir thn ^ 
general good, that indiJfsstaSfy harve wressght great cknu 
and are deemed to fympathiae with nature in all her deir 
ficiendesi as the fief ping of idceding eitbet at nefe or' 
wounds, are repercujjrve anddifOstient in tneft fweilingtt. 
aches, lamenefs, and fains^apmereign balficmto fire^^h^ 
en the fight, and differfi rheums fiem the eyes .* snwnrdiy. 
are reputed carminative smd' Mettifhafpskk, Inflmt^ th^c 
have aSfidutefy been beneficial in mofi diftemfeN ind^nti. 
to body J both internal and external, 

w£. We 



tT" 



We are not altc^her ^orant of the repatcd 
virtues of the afhen-Hick:, ot o( the mlghtjr oirioGtf 
in^udng a proper time to cut this wood $ fiveral 
agreeing that Midfummtrdfy i$ tbe time* either be- 
fore iiia- Tiling,, or precifely at noons others fzjmg^ 
between ii and 12 at Nighty ^nd others, that it la 
moll ef&^huUy gathet'd when Sol and Lum are ia 
-conjundion ijx Aries. But we have not as yet had 
any eye witaefles' of the famous exploits hereof: fo 
that we ihall beff leave to be better fatisfied in h$ 
performaoces, before we pretend to account for ft. 

Q. GentUmw^ I hsve obferv'd that this year 170&,' 
-#i^ Eajgliih Church eelehated the Eafter ht^ dyi on tht 
4tk fAptUf O. S. which is the iph N. S. and th§ 
Roman Chttnb on April 8, N. S. the Jew» on the fth 
•l^* S. fi tbttt there it but fevtn days difference- hotwten 
th0 two ChtiTcheSf wtd ten dtys differmcep'om the Jewf 
^0 the Chtereb ^England. Now n» the ytnrfoUemmg^ 
1709, I find that the Eogliih Chttch cekhraies en the 
±4$h of ApriJ. O. S. which is the ph cf May, N. S. 
the Roman enthe iifi ef March, N. S. the Jews am 
the ±6th of March, N. S. fo that the EugYida Chwcb 
'd^trsfive whole weeks from the Roman, ttnd thi Jews 
twy near fix weeks, I have a hook in Italian, entitled 
Pa(cha2ogia» which expUins the reafon of this difference : 
■htt T, not underftmding Italian, would defire of you to tit 
f»e knew the reafon of this difference f 

A. That you lie undet a niidake, as to the difler^ 
ence-you mention concerning the obfervatioo of 
l&afier folemnity, will apg^ evident by thelubfixjoent 
' account. 

In the early times of ChriSianity, the eaftern and 
weilern churches differ'd about tbe time of celebrat- 
ing £i^. The former followed tbe method of the 
^ewifh PafTovcr, and kept their ^afler on the 14th 
day fubiequent to the appearance of the moont 
whence the^ fampus controverfy that eniued concero«- 
ing ir, was call'd qdartodecimaa. The latter deferr'd 
the fblemniry to \}a&^Hniay following, that our Lord*iB 

L 1 2 re&r- 



77^ ^^ British Apollo. 

refurredlion might be commemorated on the fame 
4iay of the week; on which he rofe. As therefore 
jfhc eaftcrn churches jbin'd ifTue with the Jevfs, fb 
Cbe difference obfery'd hy the weflern Churches could 
not exceed fix days : for when the 14th day after 
the appearance o( the moon fell upon a Sunday^ the 
ytns and both the eaUern and weftcrn Churches^ they 
all three concur'd. 

But as there was a difference, tho' an incon(idera« 
ble one, between the eaftern and wef^ern Churche?, 
£0 they both vindicated their refpe^ivc cuf^oms from 
apoflolical tradition^ and we fee no reafon why they 
both might not appeal to the genuine, tho* a diftf- ' 
ing tramtion ; for St. Vhlllp ztd St: John i^jght Very 
rcafbnably, in {o indifferent a matter, condescend to 
4 compliance with the jcwifh converts, who abound- 
ed in the LefferAfia, where the rule of keeping £«/?«• 
on the jtwiih paflbver .was principally oblcrv'd.- 
Whereas St,P^«/ and Stt. Pf/^-' might command it to 
be celebrated on the firfl day of the, week, in fuch 
places where the number of jcwifh converts were left 
confiderable. 

In ;the year ly;, Fofycarfus (Bifliop of Smyrna) 
took a journey to Bjome^ in order to debate the mat- 
ter with ^«/<:f/«;(Bifhop of Rome) and the chief pre- 
la'tcs of the wcflcrn church. But tho' each party re- 
tain*d thcJC diftinft cuftoms, yet Polycarp and Anketuf- 
fcceived'thc facramcnt together, as a token of their 
chriftiaft charity, and parted from each othfer in a ve- 
ry aniicable manner. 

In the year 196, the controver fy was re viv'd with 
greater heat hy ViHor fthen Bifhopof Kome^ a man of 
z different temper from his prcdeceffor Ankttus: for 
fee excommunicated all the Afiatick Churches for their 
non compliance with the 'Rcmm cudom. A prelude, 
5s it were, to the after-encroachments of that impe- 
rious fee. But as the Ajiaticks maintain*d their ufaji^c 
under the dire£lion of Pofycrates (Biiliop of Ephefuf) €0 it 
^ is to be fcar'd a difunion had enfu'd, had not t he fy nodical 
letter, writ by Inmus (Bilhop of Lyons in Gaul) pre- 
vented 



TTbe British Apoll-o. 775 

▼cnted (sts we may reafonabl^ fuppofe) the melaadio- 
]y confequence. 

In the year ^zf* when the famous Nicem Councii 
(which was the ftrfl general council) was converi'd 
by Conftam'me the Great i a council confiding oF ^ift 
biHiops* and many confeiIbrs> under Ho^hs oi Cofrdnb^ 
their preiident : this comroverfy was finally adjuded, 
and the obfervance of the Roman ufage prefcrib^d to* 
all the churches of the world. And it was fure the 
moft reafbnable that this uTage (hould obtain, fince 
the Afiaiick cuflom was probably (as is obierv'd a- 
bovej no other than a compliance with the peculiar 
circurodaoces of time and place. 

And now you may eaiily obferve, that the various 
drcumftances of this relation make it highly impro- 
bable, that modern Rome Ihould in this particular re- 
cede from the ufage of ancient Rome, 

Q. Tour reafon for the following proverb, viz. Ram/ey 
the Rich. . 

A. This proverb takes its derivation from an abb^y 
called Ramfiy, which was accounted the Crcefiis of all 
our EngTtJh ones; for the revenues thence ariling, ac- 
cording to the (landard of thofe times, did amount to 
7000 7. per anrwmt out of which there wad a main- 
tenance for iixty monks and their abbot j each monk 
receiving a hundred* and their abbot a thoufand pounds 
a year. But after the difTolution of monafteries, the 
yearly revenue of this abbey was reduced to 1985 /, 
which difcovers a very great difference in tbcfc eiVt«> 
znations. 

Q^ Gentlemen, from country fillouvs, 
Wha iing old rofe and burn the bellows^ 
A queftion comet 
Strephon /■» lufifiil blood alt o^er 
Lay with a damr^d kfeB'tous whore^ 
As he himfelf hat fince made knovpn 
To friends and quacks about the torvn; 
!Por to his Jljame^ tpiih burning pains 
Hi is l^erplex'dm^s Sack and reins^ 

LI 1 ' mih 



774 ^^ British Afol l.o* 

Wtth itching great to that degree. 

Be cannot reft or eafybe^ 

jind fears th* e^di, M dry infeBion 

Should prove his rtiin in ferfeBion, 

Nov prajf rejblve us, wet or dry. 

Can the French fox be cur'd, we cry f 

A. Strephon*s alarm'd with groundlefs feafsw 

The pox no fuch diftindion bears ; 

Thofe difF'ring terms which you rep^« 

To conflitutioas do relate j 

And therefore if 'tis thus you incan» 

Whether in habits dry and lean 

A pridine vigour e'er obtaiQ'd^ 

It is with dimculty gain'd. 

Q. Whilft flagu'd with torments of a l^vi»Jkk mmd^ 

No eafe from fair Orindi*s fride I find. 
To your leam*d oracle, fam*d Sirs, Iffy, 
Tofohe the riddle rf Wf defimy, 
ffhenfaft we met, tho* then without depgrt, 
"My eyes on hers were fixt, and hers m mine. 
The darts theufitwfoon kindled fiamos efhvii. 
^dto improve 'em, ev*ry motion Srevey 
Thus totuht we farted, but rm evilftar 
l^ire^ed me to tread the faths of war: 
When I was abfent, Jhe her thoughts confefi^ 
,4nd to my friend fer me efteem exfreft: 
Soon I retunfd {for Mars was not tny trnde^ 
\jtfter I hoji the Britifli ctmf furvey*d,y 
0dnd thus encoura^d did the nymfh adiee^ 
Jind fityfrom her tender heart tmflerei 
She us*d all arts my faj^n to beguile, 
.dndfeem'd en every word I faid to fmile { 
/ thought my felf on future joysfecure, 
Jtndfor her fake did m^hty fains enieere : 
Sttt on a fseddenfhe grew cm andjhy^ 
And did withfsem her former vows denyi 
Surfrix,*d Jhe left me in a furious huf. 
And faid myfortt^e was not large enough, 
Thm tell me. Sons of Phoebus, ought the fair i 
On this fretence to tftLve me in de/^ie ( 

A/ut 



^Gmnftfirdid imeftjl fP tfmke her $mm t 

A. L6vers In tfieit owiv cftuft tdo ptrtial art. 
And oft «n^)«dge ttK aottons of the /Sirs 
Wrt^ft tvVy look^ and xsw*vj ftnilc believt 
]>efigii*d> fi«(h hoipBi trf «Wta7 to girc: 
Bttt tf the nymfh hu bid the fwtm self 
On ^mkiU ^> more tliaii /^ kt^gm^i e/the eft^ 
Or in fatficHUty ber faroars fliewo» 
Which ought to be to none but lorers known ^ 
And he ne'er fbriciitcd bis property, 
Bf frnHfereeioo or iaoonftancy : 
e^eitme engages faer, to f*wnif$ pailr 
And ^to#M: Will oUsge her in the i«/ft 
Q. Offity «AmAv wfkinfight, 

S$mds if inf Mifynigh^t 
Jiymi^ hdyfi tharmmg m ntafnn^ 

All §he G9ds did f§mim9 

ntfp ffudie b» tkmfim^ 

H^Mi yei& frmmiif ftjt 
jM hm I mt^ /^^ *»*^ ^i 

A^ k$tm thejufi wmfmy 

-)^ my Imiii ont tfje^^ 
j^ tmti kerftumi n tm difimmf^ 
A Since all day and night. 

She Hanii in your li|^, 
A fttftoe fhe furdy luoft be v 

G^ PigmMim*^ pray'r 

To fofben the fiur. 
And your fortune you'll fuddeoiy fee. 

Q. I m>M viUmgfy nmh ehme tf « firfii^ tp mf 
Hfife, vhth whm I migjbt rMti(f»^ txpH to f^s mw^y» 
n^ time tnth tmteh fmi^a^m Mnd emfe : I have two 
ftffm eferedm&, eijml m age, fwttme, and hemmyi tha^ 
me is 'mhae we eM geed'htm<nir*dj amd every wayfafet 
mmm9Cidsf4ini.the ether very rtUffms, hu efm^pms 



' '. 



77^ ^^ Bbitish Afollo^ 

fifr mofiagifig dfmeftiek affiuri, Nom 2 difin u kmm 
jfihich Imny ventun to make my vift f 

A. As we gather from the AntithcHs, that the 
good faumour'd Lady has no great relifh of RtKgt- 
tm, fo we would advifeyou tomarry neither of tbena. 
Oeconomical difcrction is one of the oeceflary ingre- 
dients that go to the compofure of a female conibrt ; 
and be a woman never fo piouQy addidled, (b religi- 
oufty inclio'd i yet without a due mixture of prudential 
cotKiud. flie cannot tell how efiPe^uaDy to inilil tbe 
iame commendable principles into her tender children* 
to form their pra^ice agreeable to her own, to or- 
der their converfation aright, and train ^heni upin the 
nurture and admonition of the Lord And as-their civil 
as well as religious behaviour claims a juft> regard, as 
their temporal as well as ipiritual proviHon demands a 
ihare* tho' not an equal one, fo here the pious, but 
imprudent, mother is utterly at a lofs \ flie often ex- 
poies her family to the derifion of the worlds and 
fometimes fo manages the things ^ this preient X\i^^ 
as to have a fatal influence on better thiqgs to cooie. 

And yet who would chufe a confort who will not 
be a (harer in his devotions as well as in his goods \ 
with whom he cannot go hand in hand in the fir* 
vice of his Maker j who will forbid him to cry out 
with a pious Jofhua^ at for mo and my hou/e, m will 
fervo the X^rd ? Who will chufe a conibrt who wiUboC 
allow him to allude to the joyful Pia!mi(l, / was gkd 
T»hm fm [aid unto me, ve mil go into the hwfe tho Lordf 
"Whofe negligence in her duty may not fuflFc|r hipijto 
depend with fo well-grounded an aHlirance, that he 
iball at leaft have a comfortable competence, the' riches 
and flenteotifnefs may not he in his houfe, 

Ufc therefore a cautious indudry ( fo^ fo weighty 
a concern delerves it) in the choice of fuch a wi£e, 
in whom piety and prudence meet together, in whom 
religion and diferetton kifs.each other. 

But fiace a wife, as well as children is a bJeflujg 
that- cometh of the Lord, addrefs your felf to heaven 
in fo ipomentous. an /^Sniri petition the Maker, the 

uniter 



^be Britis^h Apollo. 777^ 

u niter of hearts; and eipc£b a con fort endow'd whh 
fuch lovely qualities, expe6i her from that generoDS 
Bencfa6tor who is the givtr tf evtry good and ftrfra^ 
gift. Say with Biiezer, with Abraham's fervant on- 
thc likeoccafion, namely, when he fought a wife for 
his mafter's fpn, Lord, fend mo good ffnd this day. 

But be fure to qualify yourfelf for fo defirable a^ 
blcffing, to become a fubjc6fc worthy {o extraordinary, 
a favour. For to have a prudent, a Religious wife,, 
and in conicqucncc of that, to have dutiful, to have 
hopeful children j.to expeft £0 unrival'd a felicity. Is- 
fure prefumptuous in any one but him whofe piety- 
has rhade him a favourite of Heaven \ for thus fhail 
. the roan be bleft that feareth the Lord. 

Q^ Why is a mjinfiid, when he ffeaki at random, la 
tM like an apothecary, 

A. We tarke the original thereof to be a common • 
error among the vulgarj who, when aa- apothecary 
endeavours to exprcfs hi mfelf properly, andufesibme 
terms of art, are generally at £( lofs to underftand - 
Ifim i and then to hide the dcfe6ls of their own ca- 
pacities, immediately declare his difcour/e to be rao- 
dom, and altogether foreiga to the purpoft, wheu> 
prchaps only foreign to their appreheniion?^. 
Q. H^as there ever any fstch thing ar giants f '■ 
A, Some indeed very ft renuou fly contend, that the 
notion of giants is a mere chimera, and fie oiily to be . 
iR*d as a bugbear to frighten chiMrett : But' we beg 
thofc Gentlemcns pardon^Jf we arc -willing^to be 1» 
credulous as to entertain fo chimerical a notion. Our 
own age has protiuc*d Come perfonsofa very un- 
common fi^cj and pray where- is the abfurdity of- 
fbppofing a race of men of even a more gigantick- 
frature? The very learned Huettm, m-hx9 qftoftions At** 
getanky has furnifh'd us with giants from e very coun«- 
try in the world. The ancient Poets flourift upon - 
the unufiSal flature of fomc portentous men.* Anti* 
Homer tells us, That the cor^ of Tityon lay ftfctcbc~ 
upon nine acres of Jand. But tho* the Pbns muft' 
not be taken for- HfftArians,- (nice where they -do' not : 
ibcgg, they yet hyperbolize j we are yet ready; to per*- 



778 



fuade our fclves, that they found their poetical de» 
fcriptions concerning this» as it is evident they do 
concerning many other fubje^ls, upon traditionary^ 
accounts of former giants. And as AntAus was a 
mighty fubjedii with the Poets, fo fhaarch ( a judi- 
cTouSf a.grave Hiflorian^ acquaints us, that when 5>r»- 
tifrictts (that politick lUfman, who fo often put Pompey^ 
to the nonplus^ was in Spain, the corps of that pro- 
digious giant were found, and prov'd to be of a Ma- 
ture not unequal to the poetical deicriptions of hiro». 
Andtho' that it was Anu/^ Ihould be fuppos'd to be* 
a roiftaken point, it yet equally proves the notion. 
,we are upon. 

As it is the wiiHom of prudeace to u^ variety of 
methods to accootiplifh its dcfigns, fo why might it 
lK>t> in thofe early times, rai£b up a progeny of gi- 
ants to chaftife their wicked neighbours, to infult a 
puniihable people, to be a terrible fcourge in the haads> 
«f the Almighty ? 

But they who believe the Scriptures (and O that 
aooe of our countrymen were chargeable with infi^ 
iielity^ can't chufi but yield a full afTent to fo uncon- 
trovertible a truth;) In Gen. \L 4. we read that fifire 
j»tn9 giants in the earth in thofe dap. But tho' the ori»> 
ginal primarily imports a giant, and we are therefore 
of opinion that their extravagant ftaiure is included' 
ia the word, yxt iince it is of equivocal importancCr 
and therefore is by fome tr an dated Men rf violence, 
vtt (hall not urge the paflage to Jthofe who ar« of a^ 
4i^erent pjcrfualiOQ^. Jn Deut. iii. i}. we read Bafhan 
VMS called fk land cf giants : But Jkce what we tranf- 
hte giants may be no other than a proper name, and' 
therefore may be tranilated Rephaims, we (hall not in- 
iift upon this neither j tho' yet we muft obfervcthat 
as many proper names derive their original from ap- 
jpellatives, fo the inhabitants of Bajhan might hav« 
taken their name from their gigantick fiature. la 
I>eHt,n» 1 1, we are told that the Emims were count- 
ed giants : Now (mce a diilindl:* proper name is added,> 
fome would be ready with affurance to conclude, that 
the word giants maft of aeccfTity be an appellative. 

Bttt 



Biie we fhall not di&mble the propo^ of a leiniedi 
msoh who i^ys tbac the Bmims migbt ba^e bcoi aUb 
Mfphmms, but calkd Amwi/ by the Mm^s, to difiin^ 
guilh tbem from ocber RephMims. 

But to pafs from probable cobdofioaa and corrobo- 
rating circamftMicet» to abfblute, to uodoobted ccr— > 
tainty, we need no more than appeal to Nimh. mt 
5i« 33. A»d mU tife fe9fii tififkh wfrmm it (Canaan). 
mr$ cf ffua JUtiiir^ ; mU thin wt ftm tin gmnts» tbt 
fim tf Anaki vhkk fftmaftbt gitrnts i mdwewinmmtt^- 
ttm fight 4# grufilf>ff$fii andfi vt 9fra m their fyjbt.. 
And indeed it was the affirighnng ftatore of the (|i- 
gantick CunoMtitet, that fo difcourag'd the fainting; 
IffMelitfii that tfacy bok'd upon tbem as an unooi^- 
^erable people, as-tooftrong for even heaven to eopls' 
with, as too formidable for the a^ighty condador- 
of their armies, as an over-matchfor cl»Lordof boftt.. 

Q^(0mtisthefiuit 

A. A created (to difitnguiih it from God).imawh 
ferial (to diftingui(h it from cbe bodyj.tbfiiking fnhk- 
llaace* 

We might have added, imbodted, to dilHogmfli it- 
from Angels, had not this been an exdufion of the- 
foul, while in a date of reparation. But if it be en« 
paired, how then^afeparare foul is diftingtiilhabk- 
from an Aogel, weanfwer, that, for ought weknow>. 
there may Im 00 diftindton. 

* Q^ HUfat froofhsvt vti tf thi find's? imtttmaS^t i^- 
therfnfm rmfini or the nature of. the thing f. 

A, Cicero, tho* an heathen, pledged theantiquitf/ 
and uofiverAlity of his own perfuaiioo, namdy, thacc 
the (bu) is an immortal principle. Whence sc may be- 
fairly: argu'd, that4t mud have a foundation in natu^- 
ral a^ well as revealed rdigion. To proceed thero* 
fore to the arguments deducibie from reafbn. 

1. We msy gather the immortality of- the foul* 
firom oor very defire of an immortal -kttt^ For tho' 
we mod acknowledge, that the very ]^rinctplcs of 
felfrprefervation, which we Jbare in common witb« 
the beafts tUt ferififj while implanted in creatores ca- 
pable, of teafoaing, cannot be feparated from a defire ofr 



780 The British Apollo.' 

immortality, ycc wc may con^der, that if we (tell 
not enjoy that imtnortality we fo earneftly pant after, 
we, tho' the nobleft workmaofhip-of the Almighty 
Artificer, areo/all ctczturtsthnnofimifiraHt, Forif the 
fcul pcrifheth with tjie body, what has our Creator 
done, but tortur'd us with dcGres that (haii never be 
fatisfy'd 9 rack'd us with wiCbes that have no £oua- 
datioo, and tantahz'd reafoa with fruitlefs longings* 

3. Can we think, that God would raife us abotre 
other creatures, conftitute ns lords of the whole crea- 
tion, put ail things in fubje£lion under our. feet,, en* 
cJow us -with. exalted faculties, render us a tranfcript 
of his own perfe£lioos, aud yet ihake oar lives but, 
9$ it were, a fpan long, Qutftript» Woiiderfuliy out- 
fiript by our (lives and vaflals ? 

3. It no ways agrees with the moral attributes of 
Cod, that virtue ihould not be rewarded, that wick- 
cdnefs fhou'd go unpunifh*d. We ma(l«tlierefore re- 
cur to a Future ftate.'if we wou'd juftify the good- 
Befs of our. tender 'Father, wou'd clear tjie jufbce df 
our righteous Mailer, wou'd vindicate the providence 
of an almighty Governor. 

* 4* The foul is of an imnnateria] £ubftance« aod 
therefore voiJ of. parts. But we have no other idea 
of perifhing, than as it h a diffolution or feparatioa 
of parts. 

But tho' fuch arguments as theie adminidred wotk* 
^rful deitgfat to the wifer heathen, -yet that they 
are not fufficicnt for impotent,. for feeble nature, Wf 
liave a melancholy inflance fro ma doubting Socrates, 
And therefore happy we, if we a;e but (enable of 
our bappineis, that wc enjoy the clear difcoveries.of 
that ever- to- bo- valued Gofpel, which hingt lift and im^ 
mortality to light. 

Q: The Ufi chapter of Malachi, ver, plf Ofid 6th^ 
Behold^ I mil fend you Elijah the profhet^ Srforethe 
^^in^ of the great and dxeadful day if tho Lord. 

And* he /hall ttarn the heart of the fathers, to tho ckiir 
drefiy and the heart of the ^children to their fathers, lefi t 
come and fmitt the earth with a cierfe* 

I drfreyou to acquaint toe who this Elijah roas^, th^ 
frcphet ffeaki ofi A. FroRi 



^tf British A;POLL0. -jSi 

jL From this pafTage in the prophet, the fms were 
of opinion, that ZUjah was ^ppoiac^d to ^excendfrom 
heaven, and uQier ii^ as a glorious harbfnger*. the 
triumphant advent of thegrcat, the auguft Melliah: 
from hence alfo fome of the primitive fatbert were 
perfuaded, that JE/r/o^r would precede the fecood ad- 
vent. Butfince you are dedroiis of being inf6rm'd 
who it is that is co^ich'd under the perfon of Elijuk^ 
read froni vtrff the nth to verfi the iSih of the 
firft chapter of St. Lhkt.y and there an angerfirom 
heaven will both'acquajat jsyi^ with^ the per/on, and 
explain the name.. Fjoc'as be defcribes ,the office 
of a fore-riinner In 'a' palpable allufibh to fhH'pro- 
pbefy of Malachi, fo he. plainly intimates, that he was 
therefore prophetically fliVd Elijah, bacaufc he (hou'd: 
come in the fpirit And powit cf Elijah. And if (net to* 
take notice of Icfs remarkabie rcfcmblanccs) we com- 
pare the behaviour oi John the Baftifl (for he is the- 
perfon mentio»'*d by* the apgel) to H^nd the fynnt 
king, with the parallel behaviour of Eifj^h' to a no^ 
lefs tyrannick jiha^, we may &y of John, he was an. 
EUjsihi we may lay of ZUjakt hq. was a John, 

Hear alio what the bltiTed Jcfus, what xhc very 
Meifiah, whofe way he was to prepare before him i 
hear what evet> he. voucbfafes to fay concerning £o - 
renown'd a perfonage. For when his difciples faid». 
f0y fay the ^cri^es (fhoCc expounders of the law.^and 
prophets, who ^eriv'd their notion from this place 
in Malachi) that 'ElitiCmufl*firfi cotnf'^ He made them 
this reply 5 Elias is come alre^dy^ (John the Eaptift^y/ho 
vfi^z fecond^/w, has already gone before my face) 
wd theyftntw. him nofy bu$ have done tinto him what- 
foever thiy lified : For Berod had beheaded John in prf- 
lon. And fp plain were thefe our Saviour's words, 
that the difciplej, who were generally tut flow of 
Ui?derflanding,,.^rere not at a Jof? to. know Ws mean- 
ing i For it is immediately fi^bjpin'd ; then the dtfci* 
Jies underfioodthat hi ffah unto ibm of John thti Ba^; 



yfZ ?5>e B H I T IS H A PO B noi ^ 

Q. tm afiUt mtifi #im», 

2>f i»i*t tAl M the town^ 

7bi ff Uttff S'a^t Piigarlick is pmrrfi t. 

Ttir ftun^ an one 

tike f>fe's hen mime 

tPhen th^intintiori like mine hks mpmfii 

^fys that (he's yotmg, 

But I'm fiite hf e$trs*d tmgWt 

tike Xantipt>eV> Jeeh dmik a run hsrgak it 

Ser imfmre Jhe is eld^ 

Jni A damnMe fields 

Wbntdftue fpt foer tmecem etp^rC^ 

She*$ ai gry as a< eats- 

T^th As Hack as ^fmr hatf 

Her legs crocked ar$ like a biUet : 

Her month is fi v^ide, 

2*j#, the* rve tft trfdi 

A three fenny loaf wiU [cum fill ih ' 

Now, Sir, if you can^ 

Tityme/fooUJhman^ 

jtnd extend your cemfajjkn if aaeyt 

tor having a treatwte^ 

T0SO in every featteret 

In air and in Jhafe*s fo like grtnnf,'. 

A. Ah ! poor flavc, as now ty^d 

To a BiUingr^ate bride. 

Take ibme comfort as well a^ compafljoo : . 

Since adt^antage to you* 

From this croft may enfue. 

By- promoting your mortification. 

Q. Gentlemen, it is well kne»n to yete^ thai at the 

crucifixion of our blejfed Lord and SavieiHty there was at- 

the fame time ttoo malefa&ors, loho re'ceh^d the like fU'^ 

mflment. PPhereas the one revitd him, fi^ng^ Luke 

xxiii. 2^. If thou be the Chrift, fave thy fclf, and* 

ui i the other conttary-tpjfe re6tik*dhis felkf» fufierer, 

faying, in the .40/A verfe, Doeft not thou fear God, 

feeing thou art in the fame condem nation f««i^ like* 

vife faid to Jefus in the ^id verfe. Lord, remember 

^e whea tlK>u comeft into thy kiog4om« H^btr 

...... ^^ 



fpr Ins fahh, hi ntmiii htm ^s an/mer, ver. 4;. Ve- 
rily I fzy unto tbee» to day (halt tiiou be with the 
in paradife. W^mtu wt are very evidmih tnugift fy 
the My Scrifturey that he was Sttsy'd two /ays kefen bis^ 
tffmrre&kn : As it appears Luke xir. 7. 

u£^ As wehaveelft where obferv'd» that thofe wordr- 
ef our blelfiKl Lord majr .prehaps be iotended of fai». 
I>iTinity» fo we have obferv'd withaL that his Ibnl,- 
immediate to its ieparation from the body, might 
take its flight to heaven (If heaven be dd^n'd b/ 
Paradife) and return the third day from thofe blefsfal: 
nanfions, in order to be re-united to its foriaken in« 
timate. 

Q^Tray inform me, tfit*^s fofft^fur a fesdmee hfe^ 
faradiCd m heaven, to fesum again to its body, andJmeUi 
again en this earth f 

ji. We muft allow it poffible* becauie it implies 
not a contradidion. But we cannot think it proba- 
ble, that a gracious, a munificent Creator, who had 1 
admitted any of his creatures to the beatifick vifion,. 
to the blefsiul enjovment of himfelf, to the raptures 
that mufl neceilarily accrue to thoie who fee God and. 
Uve, ihoald find it in his heart (unkfs for ibme ez» 
traordinary purpofes infcrotable to man) to banifl) him • 
fo perfcd a fruition, to remove him from fo ravillk- 
ing a prefence, to remand him back to a valley of tears*, 
and oblige him ta cry out in his melancholy complaint,. 
If^oe is me, that I am forced to dwell with hhfs^^ and 
have my habitation among the tents of Kedar. 

Q^ / was lately reading in the 2th chapter of S9. Mftrk, 
where at the loth, nth, and nth verfis, I read tho 
Harlfees demanded ajignof Chrift, wfnch was demed 
them. The (juery therefore is, what was tho reafon of 
their requeft and his denial f 

A, In anfwcr to the qucftion, it is proper to ob- 
ierve, that the demand of the prefumptuous Pbariiees 
was not (imply a fign, but afignfrom heaven. And: 
this (ign from heaven was more perhaps than, proba- 
bly, the fign o^ the Son of man cming in the clouds of 
Heaven, reprefentcd in Danid's prophefy, chap, vii* 

ver^ i^ 



1 



y84 ^M B'M T. I s H A po L ft^ o.' 

, viar, 13, 14. iat tjiat tjhe ancient ^/ir/ gathered ibme 
parciculars concerning the MelTiah from that great 
. Pr-ophet (.hpwcver the modern yews, out of preju- 
dice to ChriHianity, place him in no higlier a clafs 
than that of their «V«»*, their holy, not infpired wri- 
ters} is evident from. a double inilance^ namely in 
that froln^him they borrow'd the very word Mefliah, 
(a name fo cuftomary with them at the time of our 
\ - Lordy appearanice in the flcfh) and in that one. of 
, their C9untryn>cn (Nehemiah by naraeX ^o years 
before pur Saviour's incarnation^, ventured to afiiirm 
jEcom Daniel's weeks, that the advent of th^ MefHiJi 
cou'd not be defer*d beyond fo years. And that this 
,was the iign demanded, may be further concluded, ia 
that our bieiled Lord, a little before his death, pro- 
mis'd the very fign required, promis'd to come ia the 
doudi of heaven^ but in fuch a terrible, fuch an af- 
frighting manner, as they fbould tremble to behold 
jhin} in» And this promifche punftually perform'd, 
before tl^ gemration vms paft avay, when he commifll- 
on'd the dcftroying Angel to level Jirufalem, Cthat 
,ciLy of tise great Kj^g) to level her with the ground., 
and Uy her honour in the <itifi : When he ufher'd in 
the fad cataflrophe with fuch adoni/liing appearances* 
.^d ^cQt forth fuch alarming prefages of impending 
ruin, prcftges particularly enumerated hy jefephuit 
jheir o^n hiflorian. 

{ But as rDamH^s prophecy was the ground of the 
iRharifecs requeft. So their unworthinefs. to be coni- 
ply *tt with* was one of the reafons of our Lord's, re- 
fufal. ..For they hadfeen many of his miracles, had 
been witneffes to his mighty works, hatd been autheq- 
tically informed of fuch flupendious figns, as (lartled 
the gazing world, ind yet believed noi. Nay, infidelity, 
.tici^ infidelity,, was Lbcfavalleftiof their crimes : They 
hlackcn'd /potlcfs Ji^nQcencc 5 they traduc'd even him 
»/:v did no fm^ .and blafphcmoufly accus'd him of dia- 
bolical delufion. And did they deferve the grant of *a 
particular fign, who bad fo ill reported of his marr 
\gllom xorh i Did they de&rvc to view him conning 

iflu 



The British Apa^LO. jRf 

if» the clouds of heMvtn^ who had accus'd him as cofl* 
federate with bill f Did they de(erve any ^vour from 
the Son of God, who caipe oo purpofe to mock him* 
to tfl£ilt him ? F^r/^tbe text aulires us, that they b^ 
gan /# quefiion with himtfieking tf him sfignfr^m hen-' 
vm, tepffimg him* Signs and wonders are fit to be 
indulg'd to none, but iuch modeil, fuch humUe meo, 
who are billing to believe, where reafba will war- 
rant their belief, who are open to convi^ion $ who 
are ready to give up their affcnt to a well atte/led 
truth : And therefore it is, that we read of a certain 
people* that hi cmld d^ tn nugla^ virk Mmm£ them, 
Secf^Hfe rf tffeif tn^tUef. » 

X^4 11^. the Seating of s drum in m Mmfe Jhoutd 
ttitn their drink fmre i 

A, By railing a great commotion in the air, which 
being communicated to the liquor, caufeth in it a 
new fermentation, and by that au exaltation of its 
tartarous paics»«Aa4.a |)epreilk>a or diilijpatipi^ of the 
^irituons. . ,.. | .' , 

Q. f^ d9 fd«am% fnmt.dmtb Hke ssketatnT 

A. Since dmb <9I^. be no otherwi£ than li(erbglvJ 
pbically dccypiiie(ki,.)io.w.can an. inyifible eaufe be 
jnoce .property r^prcfcgted, than by a viiible e^e£l? 
And fince it is the prerogative of death to change the 
beautiful, the comely body, into the grim deformity 
of an affirighting skeleton, what more iSgnificant to 
imprefs upon oar minds a CeuiMc idea of the King of 
terrors^ {o reftrain the wafuonn^fs of our de&es.with 
a fecUng appreheoiion ojf our, mortality i .to wean our 
^SeStiQns i: to take off our foadneis from fo frail, .|b 
{wrifbifig^an enjoyment > to center our provident con- 
cern in the indu^rious culture of our immortal parr, 
ior the daily, in the conAant improvement of our 
£o\xh ? 

Q^ // is eften feen that men receive gttaX vmnds^ 

cofUufions^ r^^. and yet live i when on the of her. hand% 4 

{jcfouh. tf,a,*fkf prkk of a thorn, or fud). like tr'^> 

' rnany t^ei.pi^es rneriaL ^raj^t give yowr optnioflt m» 

f^u ^tli fnfonjideraifle accidents are. fa d^gerous in the 

^fe^uence,^ "' ' ^. Such, 






78^ f^ Bftff istt Apot.t.d. 

JL doch ttrftfiqueoces sore tnofHy dvn^og te aa ilT 
habft of body, wbcreiti the bloo^ afid bufnours are 
fe ejttreani})r Tftrated^ t^e tuOeid of beiag balft&iick» 
they prdVe cohbUr^, whedoe a trivial malady oft<ftb 
degeneracea into a fatal evil 

Q^ Wh) h thi Mfhis ^ Smeb €$d bum iMHr fkrni 
thjh tftrnfcMLt 

A. Btcatife the Stmh coal is dadoed v^th fDOf« 
folpbur, aiid lefaeartby and Watery particles dian yotfip 
otoer coid* 

Q. I J^ to hum thi f^fin, vbf tll» time si fak f 

Jl. Urwertceifes Its fiifiiit quality from tke &^c 
particles of food eaten, which, thro' the natvval beat*. 
)and coflcoi^n of the b6#ela> ut exalted e^n to 9. 
Tolatility. 

Q^ Tt v^iu Mh^a]f$ tnj. ophim^ tbm the greONf/i hap^ 
fine/T human ^ •»»$ MfatU tf^ i»ms wbt^i ### vmmms 
ferfins €0itra&ed fitch u fritnifiif ms thtH thy. i»^ 
<n^ h MtotMid two Mhs tiStmod Sy omfittL 2k- 
^mrge Mn the thi^rMBer^ or cmvtmmdu tffin^ M Jtimd 
fliip^ h hm-iktikfi to jfou, 0fdfimg$ n m p^pofi $. 

Mtf t difitt yottt JHJjfffMfUSy mHnItt At. ib f^fioio fit Mi 

difiinffms ^ fiferioHtf, etc. commmd m <p^, to ^ 
comfatiHt witlifiieh m fiiend/hip i w iti^hor H €m 6$ 
mmtMd with mm than tm ferfin m 4 iIapi r 

jL The diief purport of your qoeftioii (by thofi 
terms tmmtmnd and ohty,) appears to be, wfatdicv z-. 
real fHendibfp can be maintain^ in t tMiriage-ftate^ 
to which we ^Arer, with the learaod Dr. Tkjfbn 
that marria^ is the queen of friendflitpa^ and the 
tneafore of^al! others, there being a OD|iinMMiaiiOQ> 
^.all which can be comniinkated by^eifdlhlp. It 
is liiade ficred by tows ahd lore, by bodks and fottU, 
by rdigiott, by nwt, by eontmon oounfila and com- 
mon fortunes. As for the terms of ceanmrnd ttid 
aApF, they being fhitsMe to the nature and di^ofitions- 
of^the two lexet, they are & iir fromdoogitiiig 
firom friem^p, that tfaey rather gite many oppottu- 
n\dts to exprefs love and tendmefi to each other. 
In. the man». by a itlasatiott of bia ancfaority s and la 

.the 



fbe Btftf TisH AFOt.E.0. 787 

the womaa, by t ready BAanMom beyood iut Iojubcm 
tions : And wiMreaf iboie objed, tint the fair Sol 
are not capable fyf ftorecy and ooaAaacyi Uftory af* 
ibrds as noble exiinpkf of the hu in bad^ at w« 
can boaft ofi What noUeoefi was it in tint Lady* 
wbo fiick'd tbe poifonous pumtonc natter* from tho 
wound of our brave Prinoe in the Mf Lndk friKa 
an Mjfcffim had pierc'd faim widi a venoniVJ arrow ^ 
What a glorious ejcampie of retainiag counlei wu 
PorcM, wbo being fiear^ of the weaknefs of her Ssx^ 
ilab'd her firlf into the tfatgfa* to try how ihe cOold 
hear pain s and then gently dM her BmtMs^ for not 
daring to trvft her, when (he cou'd bear ki nrach ? 
We cou'd inftancc in many xame* As to that part of 
your queftion, whether a frieodlhip can be maintain'd 
wkh more thannone at a time^ we anfwer» a friend- 
ihip in the fnoft abAradcd fenie, can be maintain'd 
hut with-one. For as ibon as I hare made fiich % 
iricndi he commands all I have in the world ; §9 I 
have nothing left to be at the di^pofitioa of a third, 
perfon, 
C^JI^ IS X«U^| k fnftrfy utfd ii hmfkt 
A. Yes dottbtk&y as properly as an eanii^ mxf 
be call'd a man. 

(^ / hmm ktft et mpm iif vM syomtg wvmm this Mf 
yiHTp d^gmng to m^e her my w^ mi (he hnth p^m 

tMmft ibin J mm in timfmy, with hwt Md m mm r«t«- 

tkmff birst which kmmithi JMt fiwt thi Mmnii^, Jh§ 

fimufirmi^ 1 mid iflkifs hir% immidimdf flm wifu hwt 

6f$^ kaismtwdUng l/hmU/h heti fltukhttm^i 

wmmtgVNUntnmf, flntt tdwi^ftm # 

A* Ala5« poor Gentleman ! Let not the abnndance 

of yoor love be the ocaikm of fuch fiirmtfeSk Mo* 

dxStj t% tfae peculiar ittributc of tbe female fcx» and 

if any be dtvefted of it, flie may then properly be ftid- 

to drgenerate ^om the fime: -foA this we take to. 

be the ffronndf of your inttmatlons, aad the invalid 

caufe of your rafli complaint. Blame not then your 

£ur oACk if ftc gjrd^you {wot tokou of J^r ntrau: 

cndowiacnta^. 



^ 



788 



JTbe British Afqll^. 

endowments, or if (he receive your favours- wkb a 
willing indJfFerence, like that of clie poet ; 
Dhmfr»irantm detvrqtat' ad* ofmU 
Cervtctm^ ma frcili ftvitid negate 
^UA pd/cttm mugis gMudeat erifk, 
Imerdftm rafen occnpet. 
When flit's to balmy IcifTcs prone. 
Or with a fidHous frown denie$> 
Or fbmetimes joys to fhatch the prire ' 
Which flie thro' force would have her own*- 
Q. Ofifring pf Phoebus, in wbofe iv*ry Im 
Tmimrtai mt, andfiliJ learning flnne^ 
Him /hall I (as J ought) Xour fame dif^^ 
And in what firms mf grateful tribute pay f 
Accept my. thanks (for they alone are left) 
Wretch that I am i ef all things elfe kfreft^ 
B'er I've difcharg*d tht debt I <md before^ 
I once again feek to augment the fiertt 
And bankrupt-like am come to borrow more. 
'• '-A' •mhik ymr.pUafing numbers charms my foult 
And aU her pajpms all her cares controuli 
JBut,^ i /t t.the fnurth'rery fight, my pains returtt^ 
. And' oh I again m hopelefs fires I bum -y, 
Love's fecret peyjhn glides tiro ev*ry vein^ 
And reafon faintly does her [way maintain ^ 
jMy paffkm mutinous and headjirong grow». 
And loudly threatm to, admit the foe, , 
Jhen facred hardst X 1 
If my repefe or happinefsyou prizif 
Hafie^ qtsick^ hafte, and four in fr^ fupfUes^ 
*''Teet once agatn e9cert yoter pow'rf til artt 
And by ftrong reafin*s rules reclaim my wavYt^g hearti 
f ity my frdiltksti and my faults forget. 
Aid break the dangerous fnares with which J am befet^ 

A. Shall creature;,, deditute of rcafbn ihun 
Thdfe accidents by which they've been uodone^ 
And (ball Clorind0j 'fraught with wondrx>us fcnie^ . 
Ji^tbk'the fiance,: by doubling the offence • .^ .. j ^ 
-- To fall ia buoiap, ^d rcjcnting heav'a ^ , . ^^ . ^ 
impior'd, lo^mnpcence niay rciaflatc again is , 

- . - But 



-. ' 



r^ 



n€ British Apollo. 789 

Bat to repe^ a •crime, Jegratles our khid^ 

Sullies tbe body, and dethrones the ihifid. 

Such who from feofual thoughts their meaiurei takCi 

And only dreamM'tn when they're moft 0wah$ s 

Black fpots in their Jark lives c» ta^tr furprjze. 

Nor can they fkB, who oe'er had pow'r to rr/^A 

But it ChrinJ^ from her tvw^rmg fight » 

In v\t and fmfty from her prodigtons b^iglH $ 

If ihe ihall fink from her mbgktm'dx^mit 

A {ccotkd fatt of. A«gik we inay^fiear ; : .-< 

A fpot upon £6 bright a foal .'vill-Abap - . 

Cmffic$tous to the gazidgvtold tiekxw.; < ^ ; 

Oh ! Dpead SL'fu^mdfrU, led n^'ef again . . c 

Your luftre be reftor'd, nor recbnci^'d to heav'a* 

Q;^ Divifie Apollo, tiU vu, rfhy / > 

Jin crimes, when o*er the fea theyfy^ 
Within their throats do Mtry fimit 
jbsd not lohen on the earth the^ fti^it . . / 

jtndwkyy vhen fleef^ does them^foffefii. J 

They in their claws aJknAxofofs / -» ?., ./. 

A, Would you a true iblutfoa gam»\ V /> v 

Or reafons for theft rhimes obtain, 
Vouchers produce, and good ones too^ 
For this your ipfe dixit will not do. . ' 

Q. TeU me, dear crml youths O ! ttU me^ vthf 
Tou ftrovo to wottsid me by your late npfjf t 
With kteneft htyt fought u piercti my btart,' 
Methinksy you rathtr cordials Jhoidd itt^art, 
Is*t not enotigh to foe my too find armtt 
Now you have gained a eonqmfi. fy fottr chmms f 
Js't mt enough to captivate fnyfotsl. 
Wherein thofo jkong tssmuktems pajpans rotd» 
Of Love, rf hope, of far} Unhappy tiuud, 

Whofe powerful Jeve her weaknefi has Setray'd i ^ . 

JOon^t pierce a virgin's . beastly who does admo - , 

Tostr grateful name more than flse did before. i 

No more thus peffecttte a vanqmfls^d fatr^ 

By Urns that ettt too deep for' her to ieetr* 

If Theodora writes refined laySi 

*Jis by the influence <f your brighter raiji : 

^Ht the reverfu , i Ti^l 



- U] 



2?&»/ / might f^'Htjty tbmp pmu$ t!lM*tfiid% 

^i^tU name wf ming wid» mrMiy wHl^ 

A. WiU rhfim^s cnisltj eUaA, 
So many .flaves be kc^ upon riK* fad^ 
Whilft Ihe takes pkaftro^ inhidr to its kiseficfi dirtMb. 
To ftrike de^ wounds ra tbctr rotentive hcarta ^ 
The moft tymokk of jronr fix a^re. 
One conqueft only et one tine tS^ctfiitt : 
Sat you, by your myfterioas wit and ieiiie» 
Keep federal at ovoe ia datk.fo^ieBQe... 
DifTolve the cb»o^ nd point one by your c^' 
^Which mift the ibij^ be, and udkich. mnfi lAr* 

Q;^ Ijmd Britijh hwrds rtfAv9 mt skb* 
Why feur dHs fwfU tmtfB to fifi f 

A. Ic is becaufe tfao nervce thfot^h. fiear» 
A kind of refolution bear: . . 

The fphin6ler henor invaKd grows. 
And from the bladder urjoe ilows. 

Q;. With mU fiimigm 1 acitft four fimtt^ 
Wh$ are fi dtef and karmdif dhmo^ 
in your kmd freetps dartmg m taeh Um : 
Mxttnd yottr wMted kindmfs to a fmahh 
And ^he him eafi tf his tmnmtmg fam,. 
Z9ve*s the dife^e^ ^ dnfnfi Sylvia^ Ok I 
Tho mare I low -her alder fit^ deih pom. 
H^hen I advance etnio ker fak^ felfy 
She frefently tterm taUt and aUU me.idf^ 
And fmdfy other namet, too moan.. to, tolk 
<:a9ne out of Sylvia'i momh to one thao Uvii fo. W^ 
'S imfo0U to $hink fwv vain I ftnve, 
!rb gmn one word cf love to lee hm live. 
i fight I mimn^ look fale^ nay- almeft dio^ 
IBut ftili her Ifeart no f^ deth dkfcfy^ 
TeH me then dire fortentors ho» so gain 
My deareft Sylvia, and remove my fam f 

A* If you mik^ doat, ebufe Some deienrtng (tie; 
^ho knows to value your fincerity ; 

Wbofc 



} 



WkA «Vidcr brfi9i tt^ an .^l^j^ prove 
T« ^11 jour c^rc^n aod jrcn^pc love for Iqvc* • ^ 

Not 4Si^«M(-ti)[^ to %iMi^ jm- wiUi dir<}«Hi# . 
But wkb £pp4 tnafwors ijootb your am;roi^ paiaJ 
T0 ndk pf 4yuig for fo vile a f^ir^ 
t Shewrs tMt y^'re Iqft C9 r«afoai^ ab I bcworcj 
Haur you foriakf tbat glorioMs^ g^it dim^ 
9[^ offer iw^eii A at ^ (eimle (brioq. 
Bin if yoft uplift % ^wc0 ^^w ttfinii^ 
Di%)iife your ^icf» nor l«fi hci {jsc Jom mpmi ; 
«(wr if yoii <MQi to ito0fs fte*ll trcait y^ ftiU wftli 

W09ifA >ii art afi4 aa^re botb arc fly 
WJicA we a(l(ire($« but foUaw when we fly« 

Q. I<9 //&« xx^ virfi nf th* ?. ch«fiix §f $r. Mattheixr; 
W mtd thm : Bat I &y unto ycm* dbat whomever it 
iingfy with, his brother with<Mit a cauir* .ihall be in 
daoger of ih(6i ju4gpi«i^ s and whoipcvci: ihajl Ay to ; 
his hrocber H^iMXf,. flifU ^ in dagger of. tim coupfe] ; ' 
but wJio£»e«<». A^aji (ay* Tho» fooL flbU be in daa* ; 
ger of hell*fife« I^r^y e:^f^m this virfiL 

A. It is ob^vU tbat tbe ]cvn bad tbvee dilllndl 
ceorts of jufticc^ Tbe lowcft <;oQfifted of tfafce men> 
and rcftmUed a bench of jufticca with ua. Tbe next 
was con)|iQs Vi of twenty tbree» and might be com- 
|)ar'd tot our QjiecnVbencb. Tbe \Ag^ calFd t|)e 
^reat Sanbedrm. was xnafie up of £ev^ni;y, and bOro 
analogy to our Parliament. Several leariied men are 
of opinioot that ibi4 threefold. gf;»iatioa of our blef-* 
fed L49rd'i» refers to tboie three d\Skm&, courts of Jur 
iVicei But we cannot fte how the Sanhedrim could 
be xqsreftnted nnder the exprefljoa of hdl-fire. 

timhtk is a wovd of iif^n^ originaU and iignifics a. 
vM% idle» pittAil woithleia fellow. But as-j^fiif in tbe 
Scciptiire notion of the word imports, a. pro^ b^ne 
wicted wretch^ fo it. is a iiiN»4 of ^mtn co^umdj; 
than Rixr^4. 

Ks he who is* only inwardly angry with hisbrotbei: 

without a cauft) cannotcooic under the corredikiofi of the 

Magiftftate, who ia fioc privy to tbe^ conxrcptioas o£ 

I bis 



7J>1 SrSfe British Apollo. 

hisoiiod; {obyjmlgment weunderftand thej'udgincnt 
onnger of that God who U ^fMrchercftki hetm. Bat 
if a sian proteed from angry thoughts to Teproa^fa* 
fu] iariguage, fuch as the calling of his brother ( of 
.what is all one.'^j of his fellow creatures, for wc 
are all brethren } BAfht^, he (hall be in danger of the 
couniel i Aat is, fuch contumelious ufage ( to alledge 
to .y^) is tin heimHs crime j jH it it an iniqitity t» U 
fttn^/M hy the judges. But if he advance (out of ma- 
iiee and reveiige, as we mud; fuppofe alfo in the pre- 
ceding cafe) to the higheft degree of oentutnelyi to 
that flanderous reproach of. /^,/M i the penalty lOr 
flidled by the counfel will be the fmallifeft of hf s pu- 
Diflimenti for he will be more particularly fubjed to 
the vengeance of eternal fire. 

How different is this paflage (as is obferv'd by Dr. 
Hammond) from Homer's morals in the caf^ before 
us ? who introduces the goddefs MinervM forbidding 
indeed Achilla to draw his iWord to fight his antago* 
nift Agamemwn, but giving him permiffion to raiyadd 
ilandcr as he pleas'd. But our Lord (fb pure; To re- 
finM is his IVitem of morality) commands Us*not only 
to forbear all manner of contumelious language, but 
alfo to rellrain the very motions of the heart, out of 
the abundance of, which the mouth ipeaketh. 

Q. P0Hther the reeeiv'mg the Lord's ^ttf per if tUfoltt/e" 
If necefftay to fdlvation, to thofe who tire of i<^ tig€ r« 
ftirtake of it f ^ •' 

A. The Apoftle fiiys, we mud biliig ttery thought 
into captivity to the obedience of Ch#id. Howomch 
more mud our a6tTons be confdrftiable to bis holy 
]aws» to his divine commandments? And yet our at- 
tendance on^ the ho}y Eucbarid, is What he propoies 
to us un^er the authority of-apei^itoptory.commaDd, 
do this in rememhttttee tfiHe, ''- WWltf^thctt we Hand 
indiaable of a noncomplia&ie^^^ith- £b indifplenfible 
an injun^ioQ, we unhappily come under that (arcaf> 
iScii rcprehenfidn, why^caU-'ye me- ISofd, Lord, and d9 
not the thing that I commmd yoH-f If we negled); the 
^xfTembling our fdves together, (as the baaiuier of too 

many 



Sr^^ British Apollo* 795. 

iDaoy is) at the Lord's Tabic, wiutever formal con« 
feflions we may pretend to make, we do in t&O: 
diiown oi^ mader, deny the Lord thai bought ms» and 
impioufljr cry out with the mifaeants io the Goipek 
ve mil not have this man to reign over us. 

Is not ingratitude a heinous, a damning fin ? and 
' confequcntly gratitude neceflary to lalvation ? And yet 
' by negled^ing the blefled facrament, we add bafcnefs 
to di^bedience, and ingratitude to rebeliion. For is 
it not an unheard of indance of ingratitude to refuie 
to remember him, who in fo wonderful a manner re-, 
membred us > to refuie to do fo fmall a thing^for him» 
who haj done fetch great things f(nr us, whereof we rejoyca 
to refuie to banquet with him, who faded forty days 
for us ; to refufe to eat bread and drink wine for his 
fake, who for our fakes hzd gall to eat and vinegar /s 
Jj^k f From fuch a complication of difobedience and 
ingratitude, good Lordy ddiver us» 

In I Cor. X. 16. we read. The cup of blejfifg, which 
we Slefs^ is it not the communion of the blood of Chrife t 
The bread which we break, is it not the communion of tho 
bo/fy. of Chriji f From which paflTage it naturally fol- 
lows, that the blcflcd confequences of our Saviour's 
fuderings, to wit, the overtures of grace, the remif^ 
(ion of our fins, the opportunities of repentance, the 
affiilance of the Holy Spirit ; that they are all con- 
fin'd to the inllitution of fo heavenly a repaft. And 
if Chrifl has enadted a peculiar ordinance to bcfiow 
his favours by, can wcexpcdi to partake of them, tho* 
thus appropriated, while we neglcd the proper con- 
duits of conveyance? As well m\^t Kaaman, the5y- 
rian leper, have been cur'd of his Teprofy by wafliing 
in Abana or Pharpar, which he boaded to be better 
than all the rivers of Ifrael. He therefore did well at 
laft to. comply with the entreaties of his fcrvants, 
and follow the diredlipns of Eli/I?a. For no {boner 
did he wa(h in the river Jordan, the river appointed 
by the prophet, but he was immediately clean. Come 
then to the blclfcd facrament, frequently partake of 
that heavenly banquet, if yc would be cur*d of the 

Vol. Ill, Mm Icprofy 



7P4 ^^ BurTisM Apollo. 

leprofy of fin, wouk) be nmd9 wM$, would rfo/h'^anJ 
k9 clean, 

Q. tfffither M bird dies s nnfmul dmh t thave for 
fevetMl years oiferved, thaf I never found' in mf pUco » 
kvtd df^dt miefs ftarvedi or flm^ or by fome antimefy 

A. All IJTing creatares, conyerfint in this lower 
world, are fabjeft to a natnra! diflplutioo \ and there* 
fore bhrds are not exempt from the comtx>on lot. As 
their cotnpofure contains the principles of comip* 
tion. fo what you feem willing to believei raxutot 
poflibhr be true upon any other foun(Jatioo» than the 
prepotterous fuppofition, that in all birds* an untimely 
death prevents a natural. In fuch cafes, the experi- 
ence of one man ii not (bfficient to found a truth 
upon* For tho' you io the courfe of many years 
might never have found one Qicb, yet it does not 
follow but that others might have found many, for 
a flight obfervation will nirniOf yoU with many in- 
ilances of a reftmbling nature. But £n<:e you fpeak 
of fome birds you met with tfiat were Harved. how 
do you know but that it might he a natural diftem- 
per, that fo pall'd their appetite and weakned their 
ilomach, that they could not eat, and therefore were 
reduc'd to {o lean a condition before their expiration } 
You may condder too, that the birds which are kill'd 
are more ready to be met with than thofe which die 
a natural death, before which they may retire to ob- 
fcure, and fbmetimes to impervious places. It's well 
know/1 alfo to all chat deal in birds, that many die 
of the pip, the rank, ^c, thp* every way provided , 
for with the greateft care. 

Q. I defire yon would teach me the etymd^y ef your 

ftile in your paper of Friday the i yth of DecemKr, m the 

lafi fide^ firfi coluwrn, under the article of Leghorn, you 

Jay Cinter alia) where there was a garifbn,. e^r. ^ay 

does not the particle there redound, where being immeS- 

0tely prefixed ? It is the opinion of feveral as well as my 

felf that the whole daufe is nonfenfeby reafin of that word : 

f d^Jire at ymr leifure yon would either convince tne, at 

veil 



r 



fhe Br iTisH Apo^llo. 7Pf 

»eU MS others, ^ f¥t ^tfr^t ^ c$t^m^ tmm ny tfmm 
tfyotirs. 

jl. If the word there in the pkico atyedg'd, were m 
adverb of place, we would atSow «1k cridcilin Ko be 
good. But m cdac article it is no more ^bao wbat 
grammarians ^1 an espletmi and rAeforicians a pl»- 
onafm. Both wbicb rerma (mporc a rcikmdaot or 
infignificant word* And tbis expletive is u^oaUy at- 
tendant on the verb (ubftantlve cbra' al] the teniei. 
And tbeproprietj of tbe Bn^Jh toogae baa lb far a- 
dopted tbfs piecHiallical word, tbat in ma«7 inihMiees 
it cannot be omkted. So that it ia at once (a ftem* 
ing paradox >boti> redundant and seetflary toe< We 
hope yon wiH aliow tbe following ieneenct to be.no 
ways improper, There W4s st thne, wben^ 8cc« Now 
you cannot but perceive, tbat tbe word 4her§ is no 
adverb of place, fince the ientence ^p^s only of 
time, which is dflHn^ from place. 

Q^Jn a memmgp when I rife eest rf tnj Mf as fieit 
m I am get ttfert rny feet» f hsne st violent fmrn m mf 
head» tmd a ittle giddinefs, vhieh dees net Ja/I #^av* s 
nrnute or two i I d^e to know the cAmfef 

A, The caufe of this your p^n^and giddfoefs, we 
take to be a great weaknefs of the brain ind nervous 
ftocky whence the inotion of rtfingmay eaufe a per* 
turbation of the animal fpirats, or quicken tbe mo- 
tion of the blood' for €o fmall a tijne, in fucb a- man* 
ner as to produce this diforder. 

Q.'I have freqnmly ebfert/d^ sand have heard ip ssf- 
firm*d by feveral, fia^, eytn grave-diggers, That the esrrfh 
•Mch is dug otft if a grstvemU netfiU it 0fter the esffie 
is in, which, withoHt difpute, adds to the repietiett efie. 

ji, Notwithftanding this carious obftrvatioa of 
yours and the gravo-dfggers, give us kaye W dOubt 
of the matter of h6t, fince it is fo common to ka 
the graves in eviery cfaurch-^yard raisM in proportion 
to tlu; coffin within it. 

Q. There is a coHteft ketween the fen and thefin-m* 
law of a deceas'd Gentlewoman, which Jhsdldefr^ the charges 
of her fmeral* They are ef e^al drcHmJiances, 6cc. 

M m 2 A^ Their 



79^ ^e British Apollo. 

^. Their ciccumftaoces being ^qaa], the Con ftands 
much moreengag'd than the Ton- in-law, both by duty 
4U]d natural alfe^lion, 

Q. Ts Mifif youths^ '»h9 dU things undertake^ 
And iM ptffirm in love's punndrmg faths^ 
ytmebfofe fny t^t^um anfwer, fuch ns mtiy 
Ijift's fntd rngtng fin qme exmgmjfhp 
Tet gtntly fan the flnmes^tf chtsfi defite, 

Whence is% the perfeB libertini in whom 
The bendfirwg p»ffi9ns and wild afpetiies 
Mali with dUermUifray i teafin dethron% 
Jind cenfcienee ntm no more t Whence is% I faji 
2his man thus tibtrndtx^dt Ins end obttundt 
Mis bififid heat in ChloeV arms Mjjwag'd, 
JCSo call the froftitute ) inftead rffenfo 
CjfobUgntitn and eftehn he looks 
iVith hutre^mul contemft upon the fool. 
The find dJmded partner ef his crime f 
Whilfi he who aSs by reafin*s fteady laws^ 
And makes religion's clearer light his gstide, 
Uos panting on the hreefi of his chaftfatr. 
Love and refpeB increafing in his find. 

JL The USertino^ with kstt/Ufinfe alone* \ 
A&^s the mercenary pro(|itute i 
Which iatiated, finks into remorfe, 
.Sowr'd by reflexion on polluted joy : 
But chafter flames envigorate delight. 
And give a Uofiy uncheck'd by confcioas guilt ; 
Whiilft mioghng fouls abforb the flowing joys. 
Dilating to unlimited extent. 
- The beauties of the mind thefe captivate, 
Vfhidtk firetcb like their expanded origin» 
In future worlds, afliiriog endlefs blifs : 
The other's limited to fi-ail decay. 
Sicken and die, with the deficient caufe. 

Q:, TeUmit bright God^ (for thou, or none can*ft tell. 
The myfiick powers, that in Slefl numbers dvfeU^ 
Thou thufr groat nature kmw*fi^ nor is it fit 
Tins noblsft gem rf thm own crown t'omit.) 



TtH 



J 



7)&^ British Apollo. 7*7 

TeU me, from wkinci theft htMvoffy charms mfir 
Teach the duU world ^admire, what the^ de/j>ifi f 

A* Since thus fubmiflively you fpcak io rhimr,' 
Know that great power confifts in tmefie^Uma 
By words well choie, and a jnft t$tm of thought. 
The wond'rotis charm^ the mighty mag^^t wrought : 
tVhich, as it seeds no ornaments to fhine, 
Commands re/feB, and fpeaks it felf DIVIN£. 

Q;^ TeU me, Apoiio, ^yo^ durfi. Sir, 
Why. fame love crumht and others cruft. Sir f 
Tbt reafin why J fend this query. 
It is, beasufrt^ can ajjitre ye. 
There is a familf in this town. Sir, 
That crufl wM not with them go down, Sir, 
Send me, Apollo, if you can, Sir^ 
A ctvUy or a crufly anfwer,^ 

Toitrs, a fuhfcriherw 
A, Why crud ofFeniive proves to fome, Six, 
Or why fuch moft delight in crumb, Sir, 
We hold the procatardlick caufe. Sir, 
Is deficience in their jaws, Sir ", 
Or elfe their teeth are like to break. Sir, 
Or eife their ftomachs 4re but weak, Sir« 
Or d£t they covet better fare. Sir, 
Or elfe they do*t to' make you ftare» Sir: 
Q, Wo finer d§ intend. 
With frovifo you'll lend 
Vs a few of Sright Pho^us'i 6rainsi 
Tb be tmdtrtakors. 
As we aire cttckoUl-mukers, 
Or elfe wo.mufi drop ottr high flroiftt* . 
We four, when wo tm^ 
Our ktams m .a cUtftort 
I>o feem fo wondorftd Jhalkw, . 
ThM we fhould be willing 
To ventttro t^ JUUing, 
2lt pttrchafii fome more ef Apollo. 
UaMakirs ttre as fiUow : 

T« P. M. M« M. T. P. K. 

M m 3 A. 'Til 



7p8 72v Brii'ish Ap^Xlo. 

A^ 'Tis a ffga 79a what brains, 
( If your aim is at gains) 
Tihaa to &ek to improve them ilo moff « 
Wken 'tis known* what m^-mans 
^t up UBikyidkirfi 
Tho* REMARKABLE biocklwads before. 
You've hcar^ m«« tbanonee. 
Of a notable dunce. 
Who three timet iet up for an 4Mr^» 
Your puric too he'lJ qucflch» 
When heated with pence. 
And your goods with a whi/nfa^ waur, 

Q. Oh t tell me, (for 'tis j$u the dmk mtifi ^tUmr) ^ » 
Jfhve IMS mtoM a Slifs, ifikjf frmt*d 6^ foMTr > 

Or damn'd to dotshts wa hnow not tthf^ vimt \ 3 
'But if a cutfe on human^rKce defign^d. 
Why is not man Ufsf(md% or heaven moro kindf 

A. No joys are in thcmffthcs fall and coiifp!car,^ 
But need their contraries, to make them grtat^ V 

And muft be chcck'd, to make them more dilate: J 
^hus doubts and fears the future blifs refine. 
As dars unveil'd, with greater luflre (hine. 

(i WhM Jhotdd be the reafon, tbm vhen I am 4# 
ehurch, Iflmldbefo fleefy mm thmi a$ amtker tima% 
and when I am at fraym, Ktfiy I flmdd hmfi'fi'HMi^ 
firange notions at that thne, mere than 0t another T 1 00 
what I can to prevent thefe things ^ hut €tm*t* 

A. As you propofe two queftioos, ib to the ft'ft 
we anfwer, that the caufe of fa uHfealbnahk a drow- 
fioefs may not improb*ly proee»d from your not 
being fo fenfibly' «miai^ with piiky and dcvotion>as 
with either fecular tMni m maitefs of diveriion; 
And tho* from your cnddwottrs 'tir fnviml^ lethar- 
gical a temper, you may bereaidy towjc^i*, thai ^oa 
dciire nothing more than to ftciftfe the important 
concernment of eternity, yet we btgleavc to tell you, 
that to defire a thin^, and t(y be ftrltMy afftaed «ch 
it, are not terms cquiVrfeiit. S«ti«V biw pklus per- 
A»s^Wft<fly^*o«lpffin/that they are confcious of no 
laviihing delight, in what i$ to others the rapturous 
" ■ s ♦ • : 0>nteai« 



2is BitiTiaH A^OLi^cf. 799 

conteinpkitkMi of ^fter things m ««m. Ncm^ tlwe 
they are defirmts of iach a ravtflmig ddigbi, u m* 
dent from tbq complaiat itfetf i thit ti«7 e»j«y ttoc 
the ol()eA of tbctr defire, ^ippoirf from tkD mltter of 
the cotii)>lMiit. 

Tht wlk Wff tbcreforc to merwomo the drgirfi^ 
nefs you oompliin of, » tccooteoipiate the^Muri^ tf 
holimffi to reflet opoa tiwt GocL who ii/mm tinUt 
tkitkildNn tfmm} to cooider that Son of Ood» who 
nfmU^grmi and tfmth; to taedttate^ fraqoeatly to 
meditate, on the Beatifick Vifioa, oa that fkk^ 9f 
fjf wliich is in the fnfiim of oiit hcapenly Fttlnv 
»o thijk rkvtrt $f fkaptn^ wkitb am m hit right htmdfkf 



tet if you are of a mehmcfaoly tcmpw, that nuif 
pfobably render yodr tindoavouri inefiPel^ual. And in 
-aSt tbey d<% yon maft look upon yoar fuccefskA 
enterprize, not as youv fin, but naisfortuacfy and con- 
icqueiuly make it the otije^, not of yonr concern 
hot rcfif^ation. 

The reaibn of your fteond qu^y, is the.prodoft. 
df yoor firft. For if yon aretiot fdnfibly afiPeaed 
with your devotional eroployn^cnc, no wonder that 
evriry trnpertinenn ereiy ramUing thought fliould in- 
trude itfidf. Bnt if yoQ ihaii hatii uled your lUmoft 
endeavours to prcrent it, witUoot tfUk, yea muft 
reft contented uod^ it, and depend upon the goodoefs 
of a gracious Mafter^ that he wiS not impute it as a 
Sin* will not evpdd to mtp when he hut mt Jhmt. 

Q^ I ffeMfiin knew if it be ft fin te die/er Uve ef 
*mtt '^ mthtkim kmmit f 

A. To cbiBoft ratifer ro Maiit to the King of xm^ 
rOrs. than fufier the objcdi; of our love to be ac^lnt- 
«d With 6«r WMknefs, it it not on^y a iks bat no 
1^ tba* thMtotling^Aieof felf^nuirdcr* The gresic 
fke neeefiWy law of felf^prefdrvaeion^ ifidf^niiUy 
obliges us to guard, to fbcure obr lives, by all inno« 
eibt, aU Ht^fllnfal^e Methods. At tbef^ore to fyffer 
mit fehtu 16 be deftroyed, when capable of prevcnt- 
iilg itk or at Mt *f end^ai^ourliig to preterit it* ta 

M m 4 virtivilly 



Soo The British Apollo. 

virtually to dedroy our felves, fo we Should ftraggltf 
to dived our felves of thole three general fatal caufes 
of £o unfortunate an event^baflifuInefsCfor it dcferves 
not the name of modefty) pride, and obdinacy. 

But iince another queftion, which you ^t with 
this, difcdvers you to be a woman, you may be rea- 
dy to reply, that iuch a difcovery of your love (for 
^y that other queftion» we perceive the cafe to be 
^our own) is derogatory to the cuftom of the world, 
to the decorum obierv'd by the female iex. To which 
we reply, That when fuch a particuliar decorum is in- 
. coniiftent with the principles of religion, and inter- 
feres with a neceflary duty, there is no indecorum ia 
the violation of it. For if any tbir^g be Icvefy, any 

thing rf goad report ^Yt^^^^ ^V fraife, any decorum 
to allure us, it is fure a Arid obedience to the laws 
of God. If therefore aa unfeafbnable, a guilty bafli- 
fulnefs, ihall prevail upon you to conceal your love, 
to the hazard of your life, as we have already pre- 
xK)unc'd you guilty of laying, in a manner, violent 
J»ads upon your felf, fo you incur alio the additiona- 
ry guilt oif disregarding that apoflolical iit|un6tio0. Be 
not corformsSli to thisvorldp . 

Not but that we wodd advtie you to be prudent 
too (tho', indeed, love and prudence are not infcpara- 
ble companions) and endeavour fuch a method of 
difcovery (and love, as well as necefTity, is the mo- 
uther of invention) as that the perfon, who has 
gain'd fo unrival'd a pofleilion of your heart, may 
not be leniible (tho* no part of the tranfa^ion muft 
tranigrefs the iacred boundaries of truth) that yojt 
-were willing to let him know what a conqueft he 
lias made. 

Q. Frim vheneo arife, or what mayoicafimthofe migih' 
ty pillars of water, comffimfy termed by the fadors, va* 
ter-fpouts, which ajcettdfrom the ocean, andfpread them^ 
felves into the clouds i 

A. Thofe pillars of water, not unfitly called hy the 
Tailors, water-fpouts, are occafion'^d by a great quaiv- 
tity of vapours arifiog fuddenly.ftom the bottom of 

the 



7i&^ British Apol*lo.' 8or 

the fea, thro' which thcj pafs with that violeRce» that 
thej often carry the water before them to a great 
height in the air» from whence afterwards it baa beea 
obferv'd to fall again»a5 if it had been pour'd out of a buc* 
ket,e7en when the sky has been ?ery clear. But how 
I (will you faj) can thefe vapours be produc*d from 
' the bottom of the fea, and be forc'd thro' fuch a 
depth of water? to that we anfwer, that this moft 
needs be^,tbe cSc€t of fome internal heat or fire con* 
tain'd in the bowels of the earth, on which the iea 
liethi and that there is fuch a fire, none can doubt, 
if he does but read that curious and wonderful rela- 
tion of a new ifland lately form'd, not far from that 
of Ctrndia, 

Q, fray tell me the meMmg ef an old proTerb, I m^ 
mth in latin authors, they fay, when it man has badluck* 
he has rid SEJAN's HORSE. 

A. The fame ungovernable fiiry, which provok'd 
the foftdace of Borne to tear in pieces the great SEJA-' 
NUS, urg'd them ro ftdl denpn and break a fiatue of 
Ins, which flood en heirfebatk in the city : but the herfk 
continuing entire, a certain whtmjkal fcer fellow got 
afiride, by way of RhoJomffntadOy which the MOB in- 
terpreting as a contempt of their proceedings, beat his 
brains out with the broken pieces of the ftattie, .And 
from that unlucky accident, the proverb, you have men- 
tioned, took its origin. 

Q. I defire to know the reafon, why, when a man hath 
been in love with a woman, and hath married another, 
he is more in love with the former than he wss before f 

A' The' you fuppofe the cafe to be general, yet it 
is not without exception. For fometimes the confi** 
deration, that we cannot poffibly poflefs the objcdt 
of our wishes, draws off our minds from what it 
is in vain to wifh for, refirains our thoughts from 
' what is without our reach, and forbids them to make 
excurfi^ns, where there is no magnctick center of 
our hopes. But where a difappointmcnt (as indeed 
it often doesj rathef cncreafes than.diminifbes our de- 

Mm/' fire. 



9qz Tibe BRirhu ApoLta- 

fire, the phishomcnon proccfeds from o'tir mtuM iiH 
Aitaxions td iriritatc otir mother £w, and long for 
tfirfbrbiddicn fruit. So woftWtfs, fo empty are ^H 
fublunary enjoyment*, tfeat the WMmmon obfcrvatioa 
IS « nUt 85 cortjmoft. That the poflcffion of a cfc- 
fir^d objea hWi fhort of the expcaation. As there* 
fere tKe liopes of whatever we would obtain, cortic 
nearer to Aeetijoymcnt of it, thaa the impoffiMlity of 
obtaining it, which is tht hrthdt remove from it^ 
tlienee it may not imfrob^Jy proceed, that tht l«Wf 
inflames us wltB greater inten&nefs of defire. 

Q^Iioas Idtety tHhtH mth a violent bleeding at my 
mfe, to that Jegfee, that all perfins, who then fav> me, 
iudged tne to be a dead man, byreafin of the great quan- 
tiiy of blood J hfii bti^ (fter thoir openif^ a vem, itj^ft^ 
J d^e to knovf the reafm^ ^hy that blood which came 
from my nefoy Jhould be as good • colettr as it is pcjtble 
for blood to bei and that which came from my arm, on the 
tontrary^ as bad^ thotigh both came away at the farn$ 
iimei . 

«er. Becattfe the blood flowing from your Role,was 
emitted from &me capiUary. vein or artery, who£b 
capaekics are itcted only for the flneft of the blood^: 
whilfl: the greater vefTtls, as tbofe of the arm, jugiH 
]ar5» 0»e, are capable of containing, the grofler as well 
as the parer»and always a^tbrd a tnixcure of the whole 
mats. 

a W^ are WeliKmea etdfd HtBts.andfo often w- 
poaehed with ridicstk And contempts when ifs wtU kneme^ 
that tomtry- ^ff^ds many- learned and eminent mon^ mnd 
theft is no country but affords * great many fools mnd 
blockheads f 

A. H^lfhmen are call'd Taffies from the corruption 
of the word David, being the name of the tutelar 
faint of that country. And as the generality of the 
world is £o delighted with norelties, arid confequenN 
]y avvrfe to any thing of ancient date $ fo are thef 
people of that county fo eommonly {but infipidly) 
ridtcol'dy hecaufo they loyally perf^vere in the ufe of 

their 



The BuiTjrsH AvoimI^o. 8o$ 

their priftioe cuftomi and language^ iMch is deobt^ 
Icis of very great aati^ty. 

Q^ fPhat U m»t$admpp^ ^ha» m mghf $ldmmdt 
ji» It is podible for ^n iMuadfotne 7«iMg mtid (#- 
be more unbaji^if tfian an «g^ <iM ode. Fot hippU 
nefs confifts in our own eaic and Atisfiidioa, and not 
in the opiniena of otberi^ Thoefera an ugly oUI 
maid, who tbinks fhe neifhtr iDoka dd nor u^y» 
(and there be fuch) in more happy than aft haiidm^ 
yom^ ibaid, who^ not coHtttUtd witA the beauty 
nature hath given her» is continually trying- to im* 
prove it by art (and tbflre' be fddiP jdfo.) But theit 
if by happincis, y«tt mdan whit^i the mod real and 
perfe£b happinefs^ (^k^ a tlm^ imfiimi' vM- if ^ 
ftmt tvwwdi Goi'tmi fMm) ^ ugly old maid ha* 
much the advantage af- aA handlbm yimivg a««r ^ 
being free from thofe €emptlti<MM ebe oth« la aU 
ways liablor.te* 

Hull, and Haltfay, goodLOfd deltvo'u^? 

A. The.pvuteHi ia •f ifMidem drigrn, iikT dW64 
its introds^ofl. t^ an Ordvr mife by the magillratea 
of HULL and HAiiLlfAX, %^ 9hip a)] beggars out 
of the towiH who came «ear thifn. This provnk'd 
the ibfeping^ morttfls^ to <dd HfiLL, to make the 
:third to two alike drteiled ptecet . 

Ikfy capthMitd hmtt t9h lmi% ^ttrtvfdi 

Then mfcient tf my fn, fm ufitfs nit^s 

Bfricm I fmfit afll0$i/hidsnd 0mmx,'d, 

jSU hope iff utnrekMffitiffs'i^i'^it • ' 

jis yet I kn0» not whi (hi »Mt, n^ »heti 

Thi ctnttr tf my iremkimg ihmghfs was fix*4^ 

jit length lf«m\ ^km elhl fhi n/iiy thoaghi 

Sinks frightid natufi to tmehitta U»^ 

3y mortal to Si^ horn) Mght 4f the^^ 

But ccenmon at ks light j ken^^ cht&mt flu yieldi 

Jb mortals hafi^fotlafl hefhm. mi ibom 

Jho bUfs, thi Mghtift ef owtfix ^mtfd^urpi 

J4l»^ 0hm 



9q4 The British Apollo. 

T0MU flmll I,dat I to your alisr 6am 

Jin. himbU jfuppltani, infiruH me tbm^ 

iiffw^frwk my wixms mind, 1 may rem$vt 

Theft fains ineffable i fir I as fet 

Camot bMd her charmis mthota delight, 

B(U$ when I think a mind depraved beneath 

2he charming Fiom'r dees lurk, hate does enfue^ 

Tbo^ notfo potent 4o eradicate 

Firm rooted love, and to reft^remy peace. 

' A, When hcav«n enrich'd our bodies witli f mck 

fcnie, 
'And appetite, to tafte the. joys of life; 
It more earicb'd our.brigbc capacious minds 
With iteafon to dila^ or check tfcofe joys» 
In their own nature turbulent ixn^ wild^ 
Tending io felf-defiruSieiih if not rul'dt 
Dirodedt and in limitations held : 
Let reafon (as fhe ought) then bear the fwaj^ 
She will inform you, that tihe profiitote, 
Tho' fair toiight* likp gilded fepulchres. 
Contains within /i loath^m fcene of ruin j 
Which with contagion foul* your body £K>n 
Will ieize, and with remorfe perplex your foul i 
Deftroying thoie fantaftick joys* with which - 
You now indulge your thoughts, and in their room 
Will introduce grirf, horror^ and defpair: 
Unhappj choice ! but if in time you ilrive 
Againft temptation^ heav'n with fre(h fupplies 
,WiIl aid you to a perfeiQ; vidory. 

Q. "iSs done ! at length the mighty conflt^^s o*er» 
7hel(i;uefy trmtorJhaU prevail no more. 
No more with treacherous arts invade my breaft, . 
Nor with negleSed vows difiterb my reft. 
His perjur*d accents I no rrwe will hear^ 
Nor to his fuff*rings lend a favoring ear : 
Ar from the falfe^ deluding fwain Til go, 
JFar from this difmalfcene of fate and woe $ 
In fame obfcure recefs fU Jhroud my fhmue, 
jSnd to the lifi'mng wjaJs. f«y wrongs proclaim. 



Tie British Apollq. 8of 

PPhere httmhkfwiunt in pescifid tats rtfid$9 ^ , 

StTMngers t0 avarki, t> iufi, and friJi, C 

To any, malfdf evety vice bifidt % j^ 

Wh€fi harmkfs /ports their haffy hours imph^f 

And no diftri^Smg cares their fMco nmeyi 

Where no inconftant^ with enfnaring arts, 

'Edfe oaths and votost betrttp imguarded hmrtti . 

H^e innocence is not 0pfrefi*d by mght^ 

Whore pleafitre cromns tie day, and love tho night. 

Thither VUJfy^ and there my crimes confefs. 

To heaven's exalted cottrt "my prafrt addrefsi 

With penitential tears my gudt deplore^ 

jind never t never think if Strq>bon more* 

A. Not any hero of a former age» 
Nor grcator now» which treads the modern flage, 
Cou'd ever boaft a vi^ory like thine* 
Nor trophies (hew with equal luftre (hino. 
Thev who have conquer'd nations wild and rude^ 
Still by /«^i0r LOVE have been fubdu'd: 
The great, the wife, have truckled to his powV* 
Their grandeur yielding to a ibft amour. 
In a triumphant (hining chariot ridc» 
Thm who haft conqtter'd him, who conquers all hefsdi. 
Tis wiiely .done, now thou'rt fecurely great* 
From frefh aflaults, to make a fafe retreat. 
In rural joys, there let thy reqmems flow. 
Congratulated from above* and wooder'd it below. 

(^ Harmonious youths^ whtfe matchUfs numbers fldno^ 
With charming eloquence it^ evlry Ime, 
Tell me (for you, and none Ukeyou can tell) 
Where the myfierious f^mgs of nature dwell: 
What fecret force doth oft my tyes confine. 
On bright ClarindaV* tho* with^t defign, . . 
Whilfifymfathix.mg glance returns from her*s to mine, 

ji. Nature like nUo, conceals her mydick head. 
From fecret fpriogs, confbiqious channels, fpreadj . 
The latent caufes Sill we feek in vain, 
While vifiUe the firange effieds remaiQ i 
Her unveil'd modefty. we often prpve, 
S€illiind torfooicwbat darkxbttt^jte Qbjfcure in love. 

Q^Ahooi 



.1 



So6 The BitiTisH ApdLLa 

Q. Ahoo! m/h9i» P9ihm, 
^r<m (ill ntrnflmi d$ foikvfi 
Jdi^ dy hraavegrMt Wiflktums 4^ndj^JhnH 

Shame tHumtnf ufind^ 
Tor de damnahU pkgne in frif ^rmhesi 

Ddrtmyt Owen Mar. Swkifff » 

That e&nfhtttedfmid tdmf4 
hid uld' mt, fhm iJhoM tMh gUt^ ^ 

But a'$0f if my /kofti. 

If didi ma9^9 me tp hmfj 
Iho* my tootx.es I cmdd Imdy md^i 

Den doftwhofe "Vff n^effnUsy ^ ^ 

To thefe podic* inqumaiis 
Tut ^jto/r f^m dey grm tsofMflffn^i « 

Leajht by fodtntiffrujhonj 

Bey fkgm df idMo mflfMi 

And dm bo cmkmn'd m/k imfoflmr, 

Dy ihtfUrow'stFcr great; 

And hy geud (haitft Batfhk's (hoe-bdchte 

wdfcar it viiqti9f(h 

Dy jfit M^ccntriihy 
And mauke dy tali nitomock to trucle* 

But tAukt drs ardvifh, 

(T^iU cure m a triih) 
Vid gan- powder n»b dy ftiire o'er, 

Dat's if dou hvflit ooe# 

Den fiftf it, d^y'JI rmi* 
And ne'r mauke aAfntiltft airy moftr.' 

Q^ // 1 freely b^ow af^fimbU kmdnofi mwiypwnd 
in his dtftrejsy but afterwM'di bfi reduced t4 A far lower 
conditio than he u Mt frefim in : ^jtotyt lohothor it U^ 
lawful fir kim, in cafe bo be -m dett^ ti deliver mo, hy 
m aB ef ohurityt from tko f<dfi»blo dm^ tf fiwrm- 
ingf ' [ 

A. In anfwier to tk» quefiioOf we tna^ conSder^^ 
I ft. That common eqaSty makes, it kwHil fbr any 
debtor to ddlivei a mrer ftrtnger from ib tttrrible 4i4 
' . ' " evU 



fbi BRITISH Ap6llo< 807 

etil as thit of ^«rrkig, prorMe^ it be no confidera- 
We dfftdtaDtage to his crcdhtn : and i^ff)', That • 
return of grjtftvde is litdc othct thatt the p9jmtiit 
of a debt J and that, tho' the kindncft reecrt ed were 
avditftfMMy dtfnat^n, yet in {btf\e rcfpe^^, the gene- 
rofity of ttic giver cnhiftces the obifgation. Whence 
it iaaturaUy folto^rs, that tho* we are invol^'d in debt, 
We itiay pr6ceed farther in tftit kindnefs to a friend 
th^ has oblig'd us, than to a firanger, or a cotximon 
acquiikitafiee onfy. 

Q. H#9 Jo ym reimcih 3t, Paoi'i tHomtfMfitifim tf 
p tf f tt m d wginity to that cotnmmd if God to Noah anJk 
hh ftntsy eocreafe and mdlriply ? 

A, We iDoft ftceJy own, that bbth Jew* zttA Gcn-» 
tiles look'd upon themfeives a» under afr oblfgit^on td 
encreafe srtid iWtfltJply then* fpec?es. The former firoiri 
the tefy precept ^ prop^ilc, thought ir unhwfui td 
coRtkftie in a virgin ftife beyond the age of twenty. 
Nay, they proceeded fo far a* to decJafr^, that to re- 
njti» tttfinarried longei* tfhsiii the fc^remenrfened tirtw,^ 
virtdally implied the^^ri of homidde. tycmgus (that 
famous lMctit0mMn lawgiver ) made it one of 1h# 
]aws, that batchelo^s afref- fuch an ^ fh6uM be fbr^ 
bid to be rpe£^at«r» of thepuMick games. fUto (tHaif 
divine philofopher) pronounces the foremen tioned per-' 
ions unworthy of any honour at all, the' St. Vnnl in 
effedt ^tfX'Xtt^ them to be worthy of double honour.* 
We learn from one of Hdarthl's epigrams, thit in hi» 
time the father of three children was honour'd withr 
a peculiai* privilege, which was theiVfdre tfall'd yttf 
ifium iJbnornm. But aot^'lhfhrftdiflg fuch authority, 
Ivhich we have been fb free to own tho(e words to 
}i(oah and his A)ns, are fairly recoAcileable with St. ?««/'9 
advice. And this we fliall evince by the fublcquent 
particulars. 

I. All words imperatively utfer'd do not include 
the obligation of a command. As when a (crvant 
asks leave of his maf!er to go abroad, and the ma- 
fter replies go ,•' the word go^ tho* tn the imperative 
tnood^ does not imply a command, but a permi(riorf 
to go. a. Thofe 



SoS Tl^e British Apollo. 

2. Thofe words, mcruife and mtdtipfy, might* if 
abfolatdy taken, be no other than a form of ble(fing« 
And therefore their meaning might be no other than 
this, I will fo proiper your endeavours to propagate 
your kind» as that ye ihall encrea(e and: multiply. 
What therefore determines the words to (be obh'ga- 
tion of a command, is the fpeciality of the time in 
which they were pronounc'd, namely, when there 
were but eight perfons in the world, and God de- 
£gn'd to people the earth by fo inconiiderable a num« 
ber. And this dire^ls'us to the meaning of St. Paul's 
tdvice, and ihews us that it u temporary, and bears 
refpe^ to the circumfiances of time and place, to 
tbe then prefent condition of the Roman provinces* 
which were fo plentifully inhabited, as to fufier no 
manner of inconvenience from the virginity of £o 
vqry few. comparatively fpeaking, as he foreknew 
would be willing to follow his advice. If therefore 
we live in a country were the inhabitants are too 
fcanty to make it flouriih, or obferve, that fuch num- 
bers engage in a virgin-date, as in all probability will 
depopulate our country, we are undor an obligation 
not to follow that counfel of St. Faults, which» un- 
der fucb circum (lances, has no manner of regard to 
us. 

Some will have it, that St, P^aTs recommendation 
of virginity reipe^s only thoie times of perfecutioo» 
agreeable to thofe words of pur bleifed Lord, con* 
cerning the deftru^bion of Jirufakmt when the Chri- 
fiians were to flee to ?ella^ Wo unn them that are 
with child, and to them that givo fuck in thofi dayu 
But tho' in fotnt places he pro^fledly alludes to thofe 
perilous times, yet clfewhere he has a plain regard to 
Something elfe, when he fays, He that is unmarried 
eares fir the things that belong to the Lord^ how ho nmy 
pleafe the Lord, And indeed the Chriftian ioditution 
recommends fuch indances of piety and devotion, o£ 
mortification and felfdenial, as both Jews and Gen- 
tiles were generally unacquainted with \ infbnces of 
tn unufual dedication of our felves to heaveo^ tbp' ki 

the 



r -.^^ 



Sie British Apollo. 809 

tbe cafe before us not iHitter of precept, but adTice i 
not indifpoiGbAy oeceiTaryi but bigbly commendable^ 
when under the reftri^iont fpecified above. 
, Q^Jnihkeytp the tMi of EmjUb^ m thi Hiarg^ W9 
mat mth the werd Prime : f0mt is tbe meturnig tfitt 
. A, \t fignifies tbe qpad of the moon, or the revo* 
lotion of 19 years i which for its excdieacy is cali'd 
the prime or gdden number. For 19 years contain 
^11 the various revolutions and coofigurationi of the 
jnoon $ and therefore wlien the number of years it 
expired, the revolutions and configurations of the 
moon return in the fame order as before. 

Q^l am mm, mnmgfi tnmi^ etberst heceme tin btttiehU 
fftitcr t0 ym, en hehalf §f m Gentlemmh vhtfe motkffy 
weM net fennit him te Jrttm hit emt fiBttre^ Wisdi" 
fcendid rf tm muimt tmd netiefiumi/, and is ttmverfalif 
efleemed te hUfve m very gre^u jUre of ntutftUfmt, geed 
learning, n Uberd edttcntien, tmd m gHM detdtf htmtt^ 
iiity, and other tneral virtttes. His perjfon mtiyfnfi^ when 
there are not n jwy of eritieks $ and hefidts, he is in s 
fair WM if making a fOf^tderaSk fignre in the world. Mttt 
of all bUffmgs, there is none -he Sfiingm/hes himfelf ttfom 
more, than fy hemg fi^fflsmtttdyUhvo with a Ijtdy^s 
ftoeet temper, very\agreeatU»mod»fit.^d virtttms.i an4, 
in a word,a Lady oMd with all thegra^rfa ,weman. 
But, Gentlemen, the bterdon of the Jong liet heroi M 
God has hlefs*d her with all theft excelknt endowments, 
hoih of body and mind, fo has he likewife heftow'd m her 
it very fkntifnl fortune, far /uperiour to that bf her ad'* 
mirer, who is very little indebted to that gifj^ : And, pm 
the whole matters this one tpteftion wjU arife, 

neither the Gentleman, notwithftanding his inetftalhiy^ 
may not, without the kafi etnfure tf the mtfi malignant 
fpirst, snake. Ins humble court, or at leaft his com^int, 
to this fair Lady } andeffteialfy, when 'tis mfsder^d, that 
nothing in the world was ever more difinterefied andfu^ 
rer than his ttffeHionfor her t 

A. If the Lady's fortune be fufficient to maintain 
them both in a credible manner, fo that there be not 
a profped of brkiging her under unhappy circumftan*; 

CCSil 






cesi ifnA If the Geattenmi cMgO^fts not his own cir- 
cuBdUHMes to her, we think his ottenvpt £6 far fronii 
givtng juflf 6»ife of Ctfufuffe^ tiat h will »ot only be « 
7^e£«»ii cm bfs dfAsretion, bcit |Neriiaps aM<>a Kadr» 
to oliiifitakifig boy of «i opporttiilityy f«4iicb pfovU 
dence fifems to oHkr Iiiid, ^ the reftoring tht gFan- 
deor of tH^ ftmitf i 

vmioii of Urn f 

A. The true definition of oold m tb«t >it n « ^tnrati- 
on of a pMtfeitlar nootiom Pon a»beat h oothin^ 
elfe than tnotloo parricolirif modtf^'d, ib Oftid 4i eonfo- 
qotffit^ 'spiftMi^a- o# tfaK pfti^i^tef' \A^ of iftotioB. 

Q. IPki Wat f^ fiiffi ifnmi$»r tfp^iri 

As Tbere'gvoW^ a kind of md'in i^l^fii^s of 
ECrYPT) Qd^'d f0ffm$ JRJktieu, of ^• ftyiiiK)r,^fHtfinen<> 
tat (uMhiftee; Hila the gwit ^/r/»f MditfrdlF'PHlA 
LADELPHUS,^ foft contriv'd m a<:ert«tn ^mniiij wa« 
ter, dryM 'erff in the fun, Whieb tffmwarda divided 
Into fhvets, wete then €»tt'd ?ir)»frv^ frdifi tlie teed 
MiNcK th^e 'em^ iod ^ "th^Jk th« famous library xA 
PHfLACrELPHU^ «Hs eompos'd MvjfWi^ 

^^fhm wMs Mf c^igmS4ftt$ft9V0rMfifhgf Ai 

^. WheO die aum^ faiiii Was im treFfaHy r««eH'd 
bHSngUnJi GldtK^^kin was»fi}of« than aHthe otlier 
eotttrtri^, fiUM with convents, nuiNierics, and facfr 
Viit botrfes^ dedicated to God's iertke$ wbo,becaufe 
bis influenfee (hOne moN bHgbtly there than dfe* 
ifihMfts Was Iftilghi'di by the cortiimoji people^ more 
immediately coivre^ilftit Witbtbo meti6i Qkaeifhrfhif 
tbM (^ber ]»!C^, 

Q^ OHtymgii/e mS'nitf§» U Mt^ pi rM'cmi-^ 
mu yom mikrtii^nx mtil H fi$dh h the Mkrf tbr 
Atbenisft orade ? 

' A. By ftttiitg fOrth to the World a faf greatct ifa- 

rietv than they did : By contitHiaHy minf^fnl the fN^ 

piih with the Mghfift: By carefuiry avoidinfg fedi 

gtofs tfr^ors tbey wtr* ibiiitftimes gtrflty of, in point 

Of ilhmkf.^nd abfUI'dtties (ftow* o^pldd^j in point 

of 



Thi BRITISH Apollo. 8i^ 

of fbtkfifhf : By enodmittois on virHut and AtyrkA 
refle6fcions on via «nd filif : By at ofdtog fmydif' 
fittest aad nicking tfas ktemttrs^ %ho tmnsp \Ss. wc 
doabt not of fwelKng our unlerMikcii^ ta t far 
greater bulk tbaa ibeirs* mcbout danger of bsttfg . 
lapprefs'd by Churth or Suub^ 

Q^ The feafon ff the j9af fMts mt in imnd ef mkimf 
ywt whence fptme the et^em tf new^yeiffs g&flif Mni^i ef 
ehtt/mg king and ^een en Twellth-^y. 

A* It caitM origioally from a oaflo2n of ihe frkni" 
five ehrijhanst introduc'd in imitatiofi of tbc Emfinie 
KINGS, who on tbat ^y pfeieilied iiM»y tcftfyg^i 
to our Siwieier Chhfi* Hcaoe 'tis» tfart tbofc wh6 
faappeh to be king and ^»#m on twdfth^j^i fonntrly 
were us'd to make coa^derabie pieioKs-to etch otteft 
and to entertain tbe com^ily. 

Q. Meft reUnnd fagei, isie fe indeed^ 
Thne they who are ingag'd m matfiage^kiMdSf 
Shotdd ne abftraaed friend/hip hddbefidet I 
Te this J crave an an/wer, and yet mere. 
Hew I have diffHig*d ym in my lines i 
Tor when my af plications I repeat^ 
Te friends fi geid, and Je genteri ns yetri 
If no ripfy .cnmi in yoter chanemgfeng^ 
I mttfi conclude Hey felf is in tho wrongs \ 

A* In firiendly officet of dmrs kiodb^ 
A number may thehr iereral parts Mgage,' 
Firm and ilncere : Some by iaftnidiiofM apt. 
By counftl and adWoe, ablbl?e and ea(e 
The doubts and fetrs attend precivioos Wt i 
( In thefe #« friend!y> (hal^ with our beft skill, 
Aflift all, which addrefs oop wiilfng aid) 
Some by tbair weakh may foocoar/fontt t^ flrMgt& 
And courage rc£^ar thtrr friend's deaMr iift^ s 
Bttt Wfaert tfie friettdfiiip's firm, fat), and Cotnpleat, 
All thefe coMsmer; and all kcs GoTttfO«iU 
Making, of two, but one etfhirged fool. 

Q^Some fa^ fbm A-paMer was hea^mly wife,- 

jfiul rljghtly firetM thinp t9 tcme: 
Some faf.H wmt cniy pH^^ii^ di/^/ifr^ 

that cttnningfy play'd in bis room. Som^ 



^iz The British ApolLtO. 

<S9me /4jf h i»as mt^xraft, and dm by the Devil i 

So theft kind tf whims they tnaintain : 
tmefwf it 'mssfofM frephetick Sybil, 

f^fik ethers cfy, Leger-de-xnain. 
Oraculum I>clphi if is where 1 mean, 

Where Apollo, the^ fay, did give anfwers^ 
H^en he wittilf cuWd (as I have feen) / 

Net afim ef ettr ancient great grandfirt, 
Jis Crxfusftr one, who to his own cejl,^ 
' Wth the Ddphick Mnigm^'s was caught: 
When all his 6ra/ve army he lofi, 

Wtth affttrance of viBory fraught. 
Mfieh, if it Se true, J fhaU wiUmgly doubt, 

H§w you can your fonfhips gather : ' 
idnd frem that you can fcarce make it out, 

2)&«/ e'er you came by fu^ a father. 
'Then yrnr readers will wonder to fee you fucb foeisy 

To he impes'd on iyfiech a falfe name, 
^ndyoH will befiyVd a parcel of fools. 

To play fftch an odd kind of game. 
I advifeyeu, in order yotir credits to fave^ 

In your next your excmfes to fhow, 
And to let tis fie what good title you have, 

IhM fer fuit^re yowt wmh wo may know : 
J/yeu can difprove what I to you fend, 

Af^ in tbife crofs rhimings have wr'tt ; 
Then every one your choice wiU commend, 
And dfplaudyour Delphian wit. 

A. W«re the Ihl^ick Ap<dlo a Sflnl dcfin'4 
Or did pricfts m his temple reply, . 
Were ;hjs notions of merd diabolical kind. 

Or did lie oa fome wizard rely : 
Were he all thefe, or none, it does aothiflg relate. 

Or can tend to the prefcnt occafioo : 
W^e your judgment but found, for a farther debafte^ 

You had never made this preparation. 
. Tis the Brstifh ApeUo, whofe arts we profefi. 

Far flirpaOing the Delphick pretenfions ;. 
And why him as our father we may not exprcfi* 
Don't appear from your weak reprehenfioos* 

\ : But 



m 

TTjc British Apollo. 8i} 

I Bat tlio' you in £\x<h matters fagacious appear» 
And your knowicdgc lucfai wifdora dilpays. 
Yet vj'i piomifc, it you to your father will fwcarj 
Tba .*''5 .i tri'^riily vote you the Baj/s» 
Q. Wjfl IS Apolio ? Wfiire li'Wit? 
jind what have you to fay to it i 

A, His bting all cne B«ri/i rehearfc. 
And wu inhabus your fmerjo 

Q^ I always thought it a Ramamick tali, } 

That t'er Apollo would again reveal 
h hfyfterlomficntsy hid in the dark womB 
Of futwe ttme, and tell what is to come, 
' But now I find it true^ and you his faeft, 
Ordam'd to give the wretched fun relief. 
Tor you foretold dear Julia would obfirve^ 
My fatimt fufferings, and mv grief regard, 
jM that in time the r^mfh tny faj/m would neiMrd i 
That faithful StTcj>hon would again return, 
Jbid frimdfhip would with greater Lttfiri bum. 
For the fond youth, and his beloved fair. 
In friend/hip, love, and joy, have mutual fharo. 
So that infiead of lofing of my friend, 
I have another by his marriage ga'md. 
Oh ! that theft pleafures might for ever lafi, 
\ Which now revAv'mg time has brought to fafs. 
I My grateful thanks for your profhetick lays ^ 

I I give y and would, if able, fpnad deferving pratfe, 
\ A. The force of gratitude is great, 'tis true. 

At once it praties and rewards us too. 
Go on then, generous youth, enjoy thofe charps. 
That ever fpring from beauteous 7«/w's arms. 
May faithful Strephon ever call thee friend, 
And this augmented friendfhip have no eni. 
So fhall-thyjuft affc^ions merit gain. 
And fa thy gen'rous patience happinefs obtain. 

Q- Xbur reply, leam*d PhoebcanSj, 7 look for e*er this. 
To my query, concerting the doxies of Greece. 
Jf by /pells they can play fuch an ill-naturU prank, 
Ai f eni^ate the fiouteft if men quoad banc » 

IwohIJ^ 



tf4 SR&^British Apollo. 

I wmUwf Mfpeur with mferfimnce mJe, 
But when mere fi$bftantifd dtmands iim^t mtruJi, 
I then beg your gcd/hip v^ lander wiUfauher, 
But Mgt vith an arjfivir, your Jlt^ve 

Cbellea Knackctory. ]tmpkj S^cr. 

A. All the Pfjinks which are praflifc^ bj tjiofe 
crudjiltcrs, ^ ' 

Arc neitber perfgrxncd bjlpejis, nOr by philters/ 
But by drugs of more force, to obtain tbdr curil ^n4^ 
Than e'er was conceived by the fiibtle old fiend. 
And therefore HJemfr^ be in their fad cafe, 
( Tho* we wou'd believe that his f|>oaft has more 

grace; 
Ne*cr ask of th«^ de'el to releafe frpm tho^ harms^ 
Since there be counter-dru^s, which wiD prove cou|i- 

ter^charins. 

Qi Genefis chap, i ft. v^rfe jth. And Gcd called th$ 
Ught day, and the d^knefs he called night: And the 
evening and the e^mi^g were the firft day, Npw^ pray 
Gentlemen infirm me, ' at what hour in th^ evening does 
the day begm I 

A. From the pature of the JewiAi day, wh|cb 
was probably indituted h^ Mofes, and frpm the regu- 
larity of that hour above any other tiour, we may 
rcafonably fuppofe, that the firft day beg9n in the 
place vvberp Paradiie afterwards flood ; ( for under 
diilerent meridians, it muft have ^een' different psorts 
of the day) at fix m the evening. 

Q^ IVM ym be fleas'd ta exhibit the nature of our 
Judges earning -y and whether he will appear with bh 
crofsf as he did to animate Con dan tine the Great ? 

A. Since nothing has a fbonger influence on the 
pradices of men (fo deprav'd, fo degenerate are, they 
that /f«r, tha' a more ungenerous., a 'more ignoble 
pafTion, wijh greater efficacy prevails,, than the ten:- 
dernefs of love ; ) fince nothing more powerftilly re- 
trains our adtions, than the augufl, than the awful 
manner of the fecond advent, the Scriptures are net 
wanting to defcribe the coming of our Lord, as the 
Judge of 1& the earth : To deicribe it in many of its 

vsbriou$ 



ibe BtitT I su Apollo. Sif 

yarious cifQiiiiftMart ^ draimStmpn fo tenriUjr far** 
priftingt tfaac tJx>ie exwtffions maj be pertiflcntly 
applied, tho' int^nM o} hii mmikBition in t]befleflu 
wA$ imy aMi^4hday if kii^ tommgt mtd wkofimU-fitrndf 
wbm h$ affearHk f 

In that aiBftxing day, all natufff (hall be alannM* 
lb§ heaviin JhaU pi^fi m^ with a grmu nM, muLthi 
iUmmts flM melt vfitk ftnumt isetii \ chat chofe wordi 
BKiy, in a maaocr be Wim^^if foHU'd, A9f y%f/l^ e$mi 
Uk$ a refiur*sfre. In that amazing daf , tin fim flM 
k$ dftrMd^ tht^mom Jhdi ntt jgivi bir Highi i and a 
worfe than Egyptian dturkocfi w^d pverfpread the 
dfflbhring uniyerfe, but that the fiafttcf of fo dreadftd 
a -cooflagretioo, (hall fiipplj the roo«i of tboft csttn* 
guifli'd lumiaaries* In tbat a<naxiqg .dajr, we fliall 
Sebold our crucify'd Redaemer, emtfrngm tbt dmds uf 
ktwvm^ attended uHttbly to. the majN^y of an oniver* 
&I Judge i fir ih0 thmrkts cf\ tk^ Imd mti 6$ tmntf 
thoHfundp ivtn thmfands if Aagek\ add God tbc Son 
will be nmong them mote- awfulijr ' rcfplf odcnt, than 
was God the Father in eht My flaa of Smb. Then 
the trumpet ihallibund, and Gcd^ evem^th$ mtfi mgl/Oy 
Qod JhiUfpeak^ eind cM tin world frrnn tb$ tifing up if 
thi fun smto the going dovm tfthefitmo* Ho fhUl omU 
the heaven from ttberve^ find the oafth^ that he may judge 
his people. Then the very dead (hall .hear hia voices 
and mouldriitg duft obey the funvmons. Then fhaH 
be pundudly fulfilled thofe memorable worda, nil 
kings Jhnllfatt down befm him i nil nations /hnlldo hittf 
fervtce, Tho' jbme (hail do it with UDeairnefs and r^ 
ludance, with horror and de/pafr, yet alt (hall wor- 
fiiip him. Then probably the croTs will be exhibited 
in the moft confpicuous manner i exhibited as an enm 
fign of the greated honour; that as under Cmftautm 
the Roman 'eagle iubmltted to the crofi of Chri^, fo' 
now, aB the regal,' alfAe imperial ilandarda of the 
wprii},, mayxmAfcie their fubmifTion to, that unrii^'d 
tone. • TfaenP/iit/f will ^hrtle to fee the fccnc rcver/1, 
to view his prilbiier his judge j but may yet cgtpcA 
a more upright fentence, than he faini(elf proaouocM; 
z for 



8i5 7%^:British ApoLLuO; 

for ChnSt (hall jitJjgf "the vM in rigkiOMfnrfu Then 
that unjuft judge will fharply upbraid himfelf for 
ibewiog fuch regard to that, reprebeofioo of the Jews, 
Jfthou lit this man go^ th^n art mt Cati2x*s friind i 
ancc thofe very Jews will now be ready to exclaim* 
Midd^ a greater than Caefir .is hen. When we fliall 
faave all appear'd Before the jtidgment-feat if Chrifi ^ 
when the adlions of .our lives, the words of our, 
cDoutbs, and the meditations of our hearts (hall have 
been laid open before Inm^ with wham we have t4 do i 
when the great, the univerfal fcrutioy ihall be over, 
then the Judge (ball fay te the Jheep on his right-hand, 
Comoyo bkffedefwy Father ^ inherit the kingdom prepared 
for yon from the fomdation if the world i but to the goats 
§n the left. Depart from me ye cstrfed into everlafting fre^ 
prepared for the devil and his^ angels. And when thus 
God. (ball have pia all things m£r the fept of his Son,, 
Han flsall the Son himfelf befi4bje& to him, who put all 
things tender him* that God may he all in all. 

Q. Xour fpeedy anfwer is difir*d fy a fnbfcriber^ Whe^- 
ther the fea be not the alone occafan of the ebbing and 
fowing of our Tjiaines ; or has the moon any infisence 
on the Thames, fo as to caufe it to fbb andfiw, w'uh* 
out the muadation ef the fea t 

A. The ebbing and flowing of the Thames^ pro- 
ceed immediately from the inundation of the iea, but 
mediately from the influence of the moon upon that 
part of the ocean under the ecliptick, which is per* 
pendicular under the meridian moon. And therefore 
rhe moon can have no immenie influence upon the 
Jhamet, which is fituate fo many degrees from tfie 
northern tropick of Cancer^ which the moon never 
pafles. 

Qi^ The two following improbabilities are told, me by per^ 
font of very good credit, asm-witrnfftsih/Breto^ which mahs 
me defirous to give you jbe trotsble of enqttiriig therein, 
and to give a folution, or fome probable^ reafom fpr i$. , . 

Jhefirflis^ A woman of abont eighty yearue^i, ihot 

bred fever al new teeth, and her old grty havrs falling cf^ 

a now brown head of hair g^m m the place of it i the 

5 othtr 



?3&^BiiiTisH Apollo. 817 

wthgri$ tfiimther woman, that after half an hottr*s ptating 
an cUan linens there appeared upm eviry part ef it blew 
anffes, that rtmam'd upm it until wajh'd out j tmd this 
always happened^ noswithftanding jhe fmet'tmes wore other 
fdks Unen as well as her own. 

Id. Of tbefe two ilrange relatioai, the firft fcemt 
to be the I^^improbable, or rather Is the moll pro* 
hblc, partfcularly as to the breedfog of new tectb» 
iince we have ^ like actefted by federal ancient and 
modern writers j^ut we will onlj mention a yerr 
remarkable inftance of it, related in the'^Ephemeria. 
German, of the year 1684. ^^^ ^^^ ^ hundred and 
twenty years old, living at C^es in 1666, who two 
years before had bred new teeth, not without great 
pains i and the fame man faid, that about that time, 
being at the Hague^ he had feen there an Englifhmaa 
two years older than him, who bad told him, that 
being in bis 118th year, he had likewife got a new 
let of tecfth. This might induce one to tnink, that 
men are born with the £teds^ or buds of more than 
two rows of teeth* but that few are of So flrong a 
. conftitutioiis or live long enough to bring them to 
maturity, or perfe^lion. We do not meet with (o 
many inftances of old grey hairs falling, and of brdva 
growti^ in .their dead, tho* faraeelfus boafled of a 
quinte^QCe of bawm, by which he pretended not 
' only to wor^i: that happy change^ but wholly to make 
old people young again. 

As to the febond relation, it looks indeed very tm^ 
probable, and much like a Popiih legend ; but fup- 
poling it matter of fa£^, we may reafonably fuipeft 
it to nave been only a trick of the woman, who per- 
baps might ib paint her skin, that the linen being 
applied to it, would take and retain the fame marks. 

Q^ Whence tomes the proverb. As drunk as David^t 
fow ? 

ui, Vavid JJoyd, a Wel/htpan, kept an alehoufe ia 
tbe town of Hereford, and had a kind of monflrona 
fow, with fix legs, which he ihew'd to cufiomers, 
as a valuable rarity. 

Vol. III. N n Thit 



Ii8 The British Apollo. 

This David'i wife Would often ^ife to make her fdf 
quite drunk, and then lie down to fleep an botir ot 
two, that the might qualify her felf for the pcrfbr- 
inance of her bunnefs. But one day the houfe was 
full, and (he could find no other place to fleep in 
but the hogfty, where her husband kept the fow a- 
boye nam'd on clean flraw, fo (he very orderly went 
in and fell afleep by fa6r harmonious compantod. But 
the fow no fooner found the door uj^on the jar, but 
out (he dipt, and rambled to a condderable diftance 
'from the vard, ih joy for her deliverance. 

David had that day totoe relations come to fee 
bim, who, bad been agafnft bis marrying ^ and 'to give 
them an opinion of his prudent choice, he took oc- 
cafion to inform 'em, he was forry that his wife vrn 
then abroad, becaufe he wou*d have had 'em feen her. 
For ( {2j$X>avid ) furely never man was better match'd, 
or met with a more honell, fober wife than I am 
bleft in. 

They congratulated his good fortune, and were af- 
ter a (hort time defircdby DaW, togofcethegreatcft 
wonder of a fow, that ever had been heard of in the 
world. He led them to the hogfly-door, and open- 
ing it to Its full widenefs, the firA thing tliey faw 
was his good wife in Tucb k poUure and cofiditioo, 
as upon her (larting up, and calling Dat/iV HUSBAND, 
gave occafion for a hearty fit of laughter, and the 
frwirb you have meotipn'd. ' 

Q: ^^^ ^' ^ certain pmg Z^dy, who in beauty and 
tpifdom, &c. is inferior to none {But I rover had aiy 
cower/ation with her, only I hear others fay, that fie it 
extreamlj witty, 6cc. ) This Lady and I go to the fame 
churchy I fit as it were behind Mr; but fie, as I eftm 
' perceivOi turns her eyes ufon me, which fixis a fancy in 
' njy mind, that fie kVes me very well,' which I am im- 
fortunate to know by you^ whin convenience gives leave I 

A, Be not too ha'hy to cntehain fiich fancies \ fbr 

by the purport of your letter, we hive niuch teafon 

' to believe you are 'mfftaken. A beautiful young La3y 

• and miArefs of fo great wifHom, wou*d be caution'd 

thereby 



J 



. Tie British Apoli^o. , 819 

tbercby ( bad (he really conceived a paoioA for 70a ) 
to conceal iu till addreft* aad act profti(uCe it hj 
glances. Her casing her eyes upon you» nuHr be 
from another intent^ ]perhaps only to feed this nxtcy 
in you for her own diveriioo* when axsoagft her aT- 
ibciates. Of this we may be pofiti?e» tMt either 
you are miftaken in your alculauon* or mifinform'4 
in the chara^ler of her wit and wifdom. 

Q^ Why ur$ frnm mm nwt btun thm €thrt f 

jt. The difference of men in that refped> proceeds 
from the ditference of conftituti0Bs» the hot and moift 
tempers always affording- more hair than mj otha* 

(X j£ thmfimd racks md d$4ubi I ftii^ 
P0^ art or dangir can't caaceaL 
But that which nnfl auimms my pahh 
Jhtne! 

I lovej alas !mmmhut kvimmm vam% 
Jtnd mort Ti tt&^mm^hm grUfsfo tuar iff tneml 
jUvanc*d to tha^ht* ^t maki *nn hUid a-new* 

Oh then ! dear hfsffy yosuhstyour candiMr fiam^ 
Let Umfidfireams of tender fUyfino : 
Nor let me that {wgkBed hy your fyre) 
In tortttre live, and in de/pair expire : 
Bftt te4ch a wretched fair one how t* obtain 
Content, and dear lovM iiappinefs agma, 

A. Thofe racks and deaths wou'd (Irive m vm^ 
To give your temdtf h^m pain. 
Did reafin coce your live Controul : 
But oh ! 

Your cheico firft ptided tortures to your fiul: 
We might have helfd you, had you ask'd btforot 
But fuccours come too latOt the war once ^V. 

Oh ! Lovely^ lofi, mthinkmgt ciptrve FAIR» 
Not only pity fhall fucc^ tliy pray'r» 
But fuch advice as may /i^ peaco rcftore. 
And never give the £cofe to languifli more 1 
On barren ground, the fun wou'd vainly fhioev 
The fruitful foil alone ftiou*d feel fucb rays as thine; , 
Q. To qnackt of the age^ 
' mn apfnar on theflagot 

N n a Twiu 



1 



Sto Tfie British Apoi^lo. 

Twice week wuhyosir faektU 

T^r thofi who da tack it^ 
WM fhr*d with sdviee fir Mfrftm i 

I0nch packet contains 

Th* efi^s efyom ktuns^ 
MxcelUng fills, fwders, or flaifitrs. 

So VUteUyou tm grwf^ 

And beg your rekrf. 

Like the croaking of frogs. 

And the grunting of hogs ; 

Then like daps of thrndtf, 

PFiich furprize tno with wondtrl 
Tm affrighted wHh ncifis-fo various : 

Ah ! then^ now or never^ 

Tour opmm dtHrOtr, 
For wy health tm afraid is precarious : 

Thus rfUto I am feiz'd. 

And Utterly teax,*d, 
Wub rumUmgs all o'er tuy Abdomen, : 

00»ch ptakis fuch a clatter. 

And this is 4,ho matter, 
Nov give your advice, oryo*ro no meal 
A, Some will fay, that *tis wind* 
Id your bowels confined i 

Others think and aver 

Noxious hubours lodge there* 
"Which theft nolfy diibrders engender : 

More may judge you thro' fluking 

Id this your fad taking» 
French frophit, or fome fuch pretender : 

Bur, if laftly we may* 

Our opinion diiplay s 

•Tis thtflux of yp^r wt. 

That oecafions this fit » 

'Tis the volatile fke^vas 

Of your exquifite brains. 
Thus aiSeds your whoU mps thro' redundance : 

So a SibyUmo breaft, \ 

When with wondtrt oppral^, 
f eims diftraded, and raves tbro^abundance* 

2 Qi^Wht» 



3%i British Apoi^lo. 8ii 

j^ l0Mt jcfSi exfstick jojfs fofe/s wy himtt^ 
X¥bM raftwu w Jtffm'd throttih rv'ry ptirt f 
TliMfures refin% myfprightlyfml Hvw nmfi» 
T^ hear my hw ituhanar nm Ins lov$ : 
'BtMviJhing viit^s h gtv%s my mind^ whm I, 
Wkh fleafrnt fiauri fcems tf 6iifs tffy. 
Love nvm mtb fran/pert ruUs mthm my krwfit 
Beftre with mighty weights rf grief fiffffjl. 
Fitrewel all anxteus cares^ new J addrefs 
My cooquer'd conqaVor with affw^d b^etb* 
Jb^i all Apollo'i ghrims effspring mine f 
Art theft bUfi youths deveted to my fhrine ? 
A blifs teo gx^at^ a Aluflnng maid te crvwnt 
When thai reward frem eni$ tea high remwni 
And mufi young Theodora new dire^ 
Herfelf to ene, and the bright reft rejoBi 
Jairden her crime, who thinks /he has engrefid 
Men numerous charms than sil the choir can boaft ^ . 
'Til then o*ercome^ wmgd with defire^ I fy 
2b his fair arms^ »ho writ the lafl reply* 

TheodorSr 
A. Fiird with tumultuous jojs» the youth we left^ 
Almoft of life, by too nrneh life bereft ; 
Who& mounting foul, iair Iheodora rais'd* 
BjT lines more eafily stdmir'd than prais'd* 
Since the kind fair refolvM to eafe the pain, 
(How e'er't might hap) o*th' next replying Twain ^ 
Since equalfy each for the charmer bums. 
We've hopei, we now Jhall all be lev'd by turns. 
Chance threw the longing Twain upon her brcafl* 
Chance equalfy may favour all the reft i 
If ib propitious to our wijhes fhe^ 
Next Theodora (hall our Goddefs be. 
Then a new fyftem to the world well (how, 
Of love, e'er this, none e*er were bleft to know \ 
That he intire, in a divided heart > 

May reign, and like the foul himielf exert, C 

Se all in all, and all in ev'ry fart. y 

Q. Apollo, fray anfwer^ 
2Mtt I/, if you cant ^tr, 

N n 3 The 



8it 7*^ British Apollo: 

The quefthn I'm abont to frofofe : 
If y 014 fleafe yo» may hanttr^ 
If ym cann$t aufwer^ 

Why dy hiking ftrong Uqmrs Jhould eaufB a nd mfe f 
A, *Tis the fiimcs of your wine. 
Make your MJfrit thus fliftie. 

Which afcendJng the top of your mmnufh 
Nature healthfully throws* 
On your prominent aofe, 

And proclaims you a jolly compmion. 

Qj^ ify Sirs t you can mform me quicks 
I03y the devil's called old-nick? 
It being a fad affront, alas i 
To my neighbour. Seignior Nicholas. ^ 

A, This for a proverb came to pafi. 
From an old fubtlc Nkholast 
The politician Matchiavei, 
As cunning as the de*el <f heU, 
But if your neighbour can forbear,^ 
To chri((en thus his fon and heir^ 
He may ( if he's Co politick ) 
Efcape diftin6Uon*of old-niek, 

Q^ Our bleffed Urd it freaumly [aid to h Me ffhfl 
md facrifite, I defke f her fere to be informed iit^w^ 
refpeh he may be cattd a pteji, fitce he fitm not h'm^ 
felf as. does a friefi the fadr'tfice^ but vtas vkkmly fut /» 
death by his inhumane crucijiers t 

A, That our Lord was at once lK>tb prieft add fi* 
crifice. we learn from St. Taul himfelf, who tells uf» 
. that he offa^dup himft^. And this he may irery pro- 
perly be faid to do in that his death, with re^e^ is- 
deed to the perfecutiog lews, was fufficiently ?ioJenr, 
but with regard to hinuelf intirely volantary. Hear 
what he fays himfelf > Therefore doth my leather iove 
f»e, beedufe I lay dvtsn my life, that I might take it a^ 
ge^in : No man taketh it from me i but I lay it down if 
my (elf : I have power to lay it down, and I have paver 
to take it again ; If with dejke, he had not defired to 
die for dinners, could he not have hedj chofen, whe* 
thcr he wou'd have been madeflefhf. and dvtelt among 

us i 



7^e British Apollo. 8i^ 

MS f ButySif t^is caufi was he km^ t» this md came h$ 

ifU» the -mrldi He fore-koew the V'arious circumftancef 

of bis apprehenfioQ in the garden, and therefore coul4 

have deliver'd himfelf from the ffmre $f the hunter % 

but the cuf which his Father gave Mm, he was willing 

exceeding willing to drink it. When he was aftualiy 

apprebendedi and in the hands of his raging adverfi* 

nes, thinkeji thou, that he cou*J net have frayed te hie 

Jatheu f^^^ ^ wotdd freferuly have given him more 

than twelve legions rf Angels ? hut hew then flmU the 

Serif tures befulfiUedi that THUS it Jljould bet THUS, 

becaufc be himfelf had voluntarily determined fo« 

When bis enemies revil'd him on the crofs, If he h 

the King ^Ifraelj let him now come down from the crofsp 

he could have immediately come down to the con- 

fuGon.pf thofe infulting wretches. But fuch was his 

love, to us, that he thought it expedient, that one man 

fhokli die for the feofle, and that the whole world perijh 

net, And now, who /hall lay any thing of conflraint* 

any thing of compulfion to the charge of him, who 

made fo voluntary an oblation of himfelFj and there-* 

fore was a9 properly a prjefi, as he was a facrifice, m 

^i^fir eyfr after the order ^ 'Mclchifcd^ck ? 

Qj^ ?r^ iftfym me to thehefi of yottr inowled^e, hf 
jpkfit extfwl. 0nd viji6le figa, Ood under the patriarchal 
ififpenfutim, i^iffd his acceptance, gr tefufal of their ob^ 
iatien f For th^t he did give fome intelligible fignature, 
}»hereiy they v^e, afcertAmed ^ifher of his favour towards^ 
w diffles^fure ag^ft them, is evident by Cain'/ being fmr 
fiifUj 4hdt God had reffeSi unto Abel'j facrtfice, and no^ 
unto his( r .' 

^, The Uv^sCifi tb;|t,Gpd tcftificd his appffoba-* 
tiop of ^hffs offering, by fire from heaven i but the 
ht^ bi/hop of J£ly more probably, by a flr^am of lighi^ 
or fimi from th^ SHECHINAH, or glorious frepnc^ 
of (3od^ to whom it was offered* phieh burt^ uf hb fa* 
crifUe. And as he obferves, that what we tranflatc» 
.*Ae LordJpad refpeii unto Abel and his offerings Th^od(>- 
tip3f*ya^flatcd thus, 'ATi/SAivJ'fir |jt5 t«« £hyo-/«$ *A^i^, 
.;i; M&ino-i, bo lookd upon AieVsfacrifUu^ and fep thern 
•\ >:. ■ Nn'4 ^ ^ 



824 3^^ British Apollo. 

fin fire. So he takes notice withal, that fbme ancient 
Fathers with St. yerbm, approved that tranflation. 
AQ(i he confirms this very probable opinion from ie- 
veral inftances in after times ; as you may find in 
Ltv, iz. 24. fuJ£es vu 11. 1 Kings xviii. 38. ^c. 
I Chron, xxi. 26, 2 Chron. vii. 13. and it is obftrva- 
ble, that tht Hthiw word ^^y^ fignificsboth to aceefu 
and t$ reduce to ajhesj as acceptations of equivdent 
importance. Whence that pafTage in ?film xx, ^, Re- 
member all thy offer'mgs, and ACCEPT (or confume to 
aOies) thy burnt famfice, 

\ And as it was anciently obferv'd, that the deril 
ever lov'd to be an ape, and to mimick his Maker y 
So the fore- mention 'd prelate brings remarkable in- 
fiances of diabolical delufions, in imitation of this aa« 
cient u£ige, from Homer and VtrgiU thofe princes^ 
the one of the Greek, the other of the Lat'm poets. 

But wc muft o^fcrve, that God witnefs'd his ac- 
ceptance of the facrifices, and of the other acceptable 
actions of the pious Patriarchs, by a fbmewhat dif- 
ferent procedure i the former ( as is obfcrv'd above ) 
by a flream of Jight» or a flame from the SHECHI* 
J^TAHi thelattor by the SHECHINAH itfelf; the 
SHECHINAH, which was very probably a glori- 
ous, a refulgent light 5 a light perhaps not unlike to 
that, which made its appearance to St. taut ; a light 
eibwe the brlgbtneft tf the fern. But this light which 
in part composed the SHECHINAH is fuppos'd to 
Jiave been accompanied with a numerous retinue of 
attending Angels. .> 

Q. f0fat is fw» t 

A. Snow \s vapors congeaPd by the cold in the 
upper regions of the air. Hence therefore is the rca- 
fon, why fnow \% of fo loofe a contexture s namdy, 
becauie it proceeds from thin and rarified vapors. 

Q. V<hat is the memng ef the fhrafe. To break 
lh'ffcian*s head ; and whence camrthe exfreffim f 

A* Trifcian was a learned Grammarian, who fioo- 
rifli'd at Confiantinople in the year j;zf, he ^^n^^^'^' 
curate in Grammar, that 'to fpeak falfe Lati ' % 



52r^ British Apollo. Sif 

companyt was as vngrateful to him as to l^reak his 
head. And indeed it is even now cuilomary with 
roan/s when very much offended at any poceedings 
of another^ to cry out, I had rather you had broke 
my head. 

0^/419 iiiga^d t$ a vety btiua^idymng tsufy, and 
havt bitit thefi i Mtmihs, I havi tftm mj^i her t§ 
gram $ni that bufi. vhkh A twjitgd flaf affirJs ; but 
fie denies met the* fie omm we tare as Uwfnlfy mtm nnd 
mfe as ever »# can be in the fight ef Qed, She eannee 
My wf^i difimft tny receding from ny fremifi, ner dees 
fie^ Jmce her jemtwe is fittUd^ and every thing c0ifum^ 
mated with Soth friends cenfent, Mf arguments have 
frevail'd fe far with her, t&u fie has fremiti me the 
gratifying ej my reqnefi^ ^f y^ faveur me with an affirm' 
matrve anfwer^ I beg of yen tp fay yea or nay, asfeen 
as feJpbUt fmce 7, as well as fhe^ am refdv'd to ob^your 
sbSatet in the mojl JiriB fenfi. 

jt As fure as you think your felves, conlider, ma' 
ny things happen between thelif and the cttp. But fhould 
no prevention happen, and your requeft (as it is not} 
were lawful, what man that has any regard to his 
honour, would cuckold hirofelf, and leave any pcr- 
ibn at liberty, without bein^ able to bring any to 
account for it, to call his Lady i n Since the 

Lady fobmits to our decifion of the nutter, we 
wouM believe, ihe does it in a full aiTurance, that rre 
wou'd by no means allow it. 

Q. I defie yet$*llinp)rm me, why people's b^s are more 
aft to break infrofiy weather, and left aft to cure t 

A, Becaufe in fuch weather, the drinefsof the am* 
bient air exficcates the bones, and renders them more 
brittle- than at other times; and the difficulty of cure 
proceeds from their want of due moiflure to pro- 
mote agglutination. 

Q. 1. 90fether felenites changes their celettr as the moem 
does her phrafes t 

zd> Phfether afierius kindle themftheSf being exposed 
to the rays ^ the fun t 

^d. Whether gagates kindle in [waten tmd extingusfh 
tjf^feiyes meylf N a j; 4flS». Whether 



iz6 The British Ai^ollo. 

^h. Whither anthracites kindk $heir flames m wster, 
and deaden them in the fire f 

A, Thcfe are the notions of VVny^ and Iffdenrus^ an^ 
ftre look upon them to be altogether groundlefs and 

whimiical. 
Q. fray favour me with the ftverai ^poms attending 

i» confumftion, 

jS. The chief figns then of a confirmed confampti* 
on, are, a very tronblefom coughs ^ plentifiil, thick* 
and fometimes difcolour'd fpfttle, languishing and pin* 
ing of the whdlc bodf, lofs of appetite, difficulty of 
breathing, thirft and fervent heat of the Wood, noc- 
turnal fweats, and an utter decay of the fkfh^ almofl 
to the drinefs of a skeleton. 

Q; I have for fever ai years dfirv^d^ n^, I have hem 
an e^e-witnefs, to Jimn young fe^le (tho* 14 or tf years 
ef age) to eat f and ^ gfavel, and cl^, and feveral more 
fuch like thingSy yet cotdd never apprehend what could ^9 
the inducement rf it, they having neither a grateful fhtell 
n9r tafte. 

A, This kjnd of appetite proceeds from a didem* 
per of the ftomach, for the vitiation of the acid there- 
in, cau^ng a deiire of fuch natural food, and that toa 
iirange degree of longing, £0 xis not to be fattafy'd 
without eating plentifully of the fame. 

Q^^Thanks to my faithful friends, the Britifli Bards, 
Whofe prudence, charity and kindnefs weigh. 
Not all her wifhes only, but our words. 
And find them back adapted and refined, 
WoWd all -who ready conpder well the wottth, 
And by your genius cultivate their own, - 
The erring world might nicefy be reclaimed. 
And vicious f thoughtlefs morals grow both good and wrfe. 

Something myfterious in your anfwer's couch* d. 
Or elfe my judgment cannot reach your fenfe i 
Wis my complaint indulged or condemn'^d f 
However it be^ incouragd by the frank 
And gm*rous promptnefs, to refolve our dotsbtsl • ^^^ 

I fhall approach your fhrine, for fecond thoughts ^ 
If too much fondntfs for my friend fnaybo'^^ 
Or mmmal^ or indifcreeir ^ vain. -A/At'^ 



The British Apollo. Sty 

ji. As friendfliip is the moft exalted Ui&, 
Which human luiture caaafpi^ri^to taftej 
And therefore inoft allures, and charms our fouIs» 
And fwalloWs up' our yieldiag facultlcf» 
Gilded withTpecioiis.^Wt of iaapcence» 
Of vertue, honour* >tod of gMtitade i . . 
We therefore <Kigbt (6 be i^n our guard. 
Left the t^mptatidn ihould confederate 
With nature (of it felf, too much indiA'd) 
To yield the fort^of i'ealbn» ttnadviied, ' - * 

On articles pre^rious* W^ chkttt 
Thefe precepts, -aiki no dMg« ihaU attend^ . 

When mlogiiflg ibafo aUgdiMt the flowing jojfi* 
And your indearments grown reciprocal* . . . 

With extacy conftfs the bottiidleis>b(ifs i . 
Rev'olve then on the' Author of thetn all» 
Who fbrm'd your foul capacious to retain. 
And tafte immenfe delights i that he's the {cource* 
To wbofe indulgence all thoft dreams you owe ^ 
Your praife and thai^s firft ofier at his duroar». 
And rajft your love iuUer Went lo that end 5 
A true p^tooick paiTjon t;heo .you've ggin'd, 
.With, AOthipg noxious, or injurious ipixt. 

Q. Ntm, kt Apollo's feet I hnmbly lay 
A CMufit which wiH dmm^ bis keemfi r^« 
*Tts hi, who kindif fuctoHts tht dtprefs% 
Idufi heal the ragmg mimijb rf my krti0^ 
7ofs*d m the waves ef in^JUeJs love^ * ' 

Tet ne'er the pert ef hafpinefs csm frove^ 
Ttx'd en no fin^e fair-ioit nor ewk.find 
A nytnfh with charms fufime 40 her^kind^i 
All aret methinkh ^fte fi^mnly Mghi, 
The fair ^ the Mack,- the Siiwn, give ei^aUy detf^* 
Nifw if, fir one ordai^d, I feel this pain. 
Too long, aUs ! Vve fought the nymph in vain. 
Let great Apollo then» produce the Jhe» 
To n^hom this tthfix'd heart mufi eonfiant h. 
Shottld his own Ihpline$e/ir jhe powerful charms, > 
Like Srave 'Evis^t'f unlimited alarms^ . >- 

I'd Jhrm thojort; and meU her m mf tlrmt^ ' i 

H n 6 4. What 



8z8 fbe British Apollo: 

^. What wou'd this erraat-knigbt» whofe loftj 
. ' ' drain, 

'Afpires to rival Dt La MancMs vein ? . • ^ ^ 
Whofe rambling genius nothing can $ontent^ ^ .^ 
But the inverting nature's goveramotr 
To change the fpecies of tbie beauteous race, ... 
And raife fome form with more than human gratfc. 
Since nothing yet has foch perfedlion fhown, 
.To merit him i The fair> the blacl^,. the brow9y 
Give equal joy, yet unc0iicirn'<j..he yicvfs^ 
His mind fo vain, it knpw.s not v.hese to cbuie i 
Bdt roond the comnaf>Q Gratters hk ddire^, ^ ^ 
And cools his filthy ftr^ms in: viler fires : . . \ 
But if divine Afilk*$ care you'd }M:ove» , 
Let honour's rules inilru^k you l)our,.to love .* • ^. 
Beftow your generous warmth on .one dear Oie, 
As ^tis ordain'd by a divine decree. 
Thns when you've learnt t'obey right reafon'^ voice, 
,Then flmhts will diredi ypu in your choice. -, ^ 

Q. Gentlemen, thtfi verfes are made ufm tBee LAdiis, 
great friends i thy defire yeur ophuw, "vhieh ef shemtiH 
amhor liked beft^ the matter being ef e$nfeeptehee to thein 

May Cxih's Bhom fir e^^hfl, 

jind Cloe's wit increafe, 
• Mtiy Daphne ftlll cmmm chaft, 
Jbid wonder will net peafi^ 

A. Fair CMs wit he thinks fQ great 

It cannot be mcnas^i 
The hfi hed0i$Sts^thcfaft to fato 

Yields : Thofe he praifiss leaft. 

Q. Apollo, your Jlavet 
Are a parcel if knaves. 

Or elfe you y»Hr felves are to btame 'i 

Sor your papers, which u/e^/ . \ 
2b he ettr morning mufe; .' * ' " 

Ti0 night nom we caf(t kf^ve tJk fami. 



• « \ 



lhi9 



TAe Brftish Apollo. 82^ 

/ hfpeym wHl try 
Kr ta re^ 
Th§ fiwtt^ eiih& m you^ §r .tht hoy. 
Thta HH mayu^tftuy uikome^ 
SxfiUmg him to. come. 
For ottr time «« em Seiter empkm. 
ui. The fwifc fljin^ God . 
Stiil keeps bis own road ; 
Then yott maft ha?c aJter'd your ifation : 
So at the iamc timer 
You canitoc his frimo 
Imagine, with his dotlmtm. 
An advantage/in this, 
(If you tikeft not anifi) 
7ou wiH find, iiace yon hare it at laft ^ 
Expe^atkfrhc&ies, 
Which often betides 
More pUofiire^ than ptfent or fafl^ 
Q^ A GmtUwum of my aeeputintmiee' was hiefy drin/t* 
mi s Softie, tindjpeakmg ^ a eertsm Jjufy, curfi hot in 
ibenamerfGodihHtsddedvrithdy let /he' is n dear gkU 
I defke to kuom^ whether hafronotmeing the ottrfe is a fin 
'Mfid if it hot whether his faUiming words, Xet /ho is t^ doMr 
girU do nor leffin the/k t • 

A, His proDunciation of the eurfe tho' it were at* 

tended with no injurioua defign, yet as taken in the 

moft inoffenfive &nfe, it is undoubtedly a iiQ> in that 

it is a dallying with religion, a playing with thcraoft 

important nacter, a fporting with no Icfs a being than 

bis Maker, a tranfgrefling the tlurd comn^andmenr, 

m takhig the nseme tf Cod in vstin. But as the fin of 

•curing Is* highly aggravated, by the propenfenefs of 

the inaUce that too frequently attends ,it» To. tboic 

mollifying words, which the Gentleman anaex'd to the 

curfe he utter'd, leflcn the propenfenefs of his malice* 

and con/equeotly fubtrad, not from the intrinfick 

•iSufulnefs of the curfe, but from the aggravating 

ctrcttitiftadces o^tt. Subtrad, we fty» froop them, 

not 'totaHy rtoiove them, iioce; the Gemkman, not- 

that foft crprefl]on» Ccptns chargeable 

with 



830 7!&^ British Apollq; 

with fbme degree of malice towards ey«n the rcrj 
obje^b of his love : For from fo odd Vtnixture, this 
feems to be the tenor of hu tsbcn pre&nt . t(Mghu.i If9 
re/imtfmecfherfrMeidii^SrthAt'lcMfvififtegr tocmfe 
her, andy^ tit thefime tmB/ystb^mi^rfs rfwyheMrt. 
As therefore we cunoo^poffiUy. acqmc iheQicptlciDaii 
of (in, fo we are afraid ( tbo* he's the ht^ jvdge of 
his own thoagbts,' and therefore theonly proper ^cr- 
fon pofitmly to determine that) that he. miift j^ead 
guilty to fome kind of aggrafraeioA too. Well there- 
n>re were it for us, if we wonfd pay % ibr^ obedi- 
ence to that truly cbriiliaa.kw» to. that Jorcly, that 
endearing precept j a precept worthy that Soo of God, 
who came onpurpoft to bkis the world ; no^ to curfe 
us, but to.be made a. eorfe for uai Biifii tifid etftfinot, 

Q^ Gentlemen, fnfpofe it cmdd ke dnntinftrMedt fhdt 
liberty in mtm was incenfifiint with fnfiience in God, 
which were it mere fiffefer me to day f 

A, The quellion is oft nice importance, Gocethe 
•denial of either of the things propos'd) dcireAi the G€4- 
•hiead'of an indifputabk property, .oc ^n «fleotial attri- 
bute. To Ay, that God ^ora not forefee all hoakin ac- 
tto/)Si tho' as yet in fiiifure, ia to difown our Maker, 
to af&rt either the eternity of the WQr]d»iQr the for- 
tuitous concouritf of jambting atoms, and impipuf- 
)y to deny, in derogation .to St. VunL thm ike k^fifi- 
hie things tf the creatieOfare cUitrly feen iyiho ibmgs that 
ure made. For if Cod be our Creator, the Author 
of all the faculties of pur fouls, he muft jconiequcot- 
]y (bre-know the leyera}refoks,theTariDua:ifliA$, tbfi 
mofi contingent determinations of thde BftcuttiesA hc 
himfelf h t& author of.. To deny iY^t$ in «E)aQ, 
«nd yet fuppofit him not only a puniihabk aieitu«9, 
but undoubtedly to be puntih'd, and that, too wilii 
very great feverity, if he does amiis^ What i» this but 
to deny the tendernefs of our Father, the goodneAr 
of our Maker, and pronounce God jio be tter tb^n ^ 
stialtcioufl Being, than an Oomipoteitt cfih l^o^Alr 
nighty eraelty? But tho' the dental of thn £»rincr 
makd God and man perfcft. Anuigeui to ^ooniiiott^Cf* 

and 



I 

I 



STse British Apollo. 851 

and gives us the iibertjr to fay, with » {vofiigtte 
Tharaoh^ 1030 is tb$ Lml / yet tiie dcoial of t^ i«tter» 
if it i«ein to allow God the relation o£ a Creator^yet 
K dedroys the fweetnefs, the cxcelleacy of that re- 
lation. And as to be tv\l u a worle deficiency thaii 
not to b% at ali I ib to be an ^ti creator^ is iofcriolr 
to a M creator. Add to tbis^Xhat goodnefs is God's 
darling attribute* tlie pcrfediion lie mo/l of all glories 
^in : For when Mof^i de&res a profpc^^ .of iiis glorjr» 
this is the anfwer he receives, / toM maki nyf GOOD- 
NESS to pa/s before thee, hy which remarkable reply 
Ihe very oUarJy focimatcsy that Vu goodneit and his 
glory are equivalent exprefTions. And therefore Wf 
cannot put a greater indignity upon God> than^y lay- 
ing, in contradidiion to the Scriptures, that iie n not 
merciful, nor ^raciouu nor nbundam in geednefi^ 

But tho' the denial of the laft be the molt pernici- 
ous, with regard to the capacities of men, who often 
very fteadily believe a God, and yet in confequence 
deny him, while they entertain mihaken notions, and 
rgnoraatly • aflert fome particular opinions contrary to 
his eflence » jct if we canvafs the matter in aii ab- 
ibiute, in an irreftrsdlive fenie, we may trace things 
to their fir A princtpies, we ii»ll find, that to deny 
either of your two propofiils, is equally pernicious. 
For as to fay, That God made not the world, is as 
nucb as td'^y. That there // w God ; fo inafnaucb 
as God is of an indivilible nature» and all hd% attri« 
hots make up but one iimple cilence, to deny any one 
of them, is to Ataj them all % and confcquently to 
uogod him, to turn him out of being. Let ua 
therefore- part with neither our own liberty, tHor. 
God's preicience, while ^enfibick while conicious of 
the fatal confequence. 

Q^Isk feJJihU to freeze mul fiw» together t , 
' A. As the two phsenomtoons, which you queftioa 
whether they be compatible, itfe matcer of £a&, . an^ 
obvious to common* notice, (of 'Whtch your own 
obl^rvafkm niight lately bate cohviSK'd you) fo we 
know of oa oonfidcrttUc ol^joAiQntQk. ilf theieforcf 

yog 









S^z ^e British Apollo. 

you will be pleas'd to propoie any, we (hall ende»- 
Tour to oblige you with a folution. 

Qj^ J have lately fmoisk*d tobacco, more mt of a fro" 
'lick than any tJmg elfe. Whenever I fmoak, it makes me 
/pit a froiigtotis quantttj of an Aqueous Saliva, y^r^flw/ 

to the quantity of fmr ounces, in the fmoakmg one fife. 

1 am natwaiy leany but, t thank Qod I have my health 

very well : Nov^ Gentlemen, I heg the favour of you to 
'laform me^ whether it be whoUfome for me to ftnoak f I 

Jhall either froceed or dejift aecording to yottr ingetuom' 

advice, 
A. We advife you theo to defift, fioce in fiicii 

quantities of fpittle it is poiTible that fome portion of 

the nutritious juices may be evacuated, and your 

health thereby impaired. 

Qj IPhat is hail i 

A, Hail is the thicker clouds congeal'd in the 
lower regions, as fnow rs the thinner vapours con* 
gealM in the higher regions^of the atmofphere. 

Qi I defire to knew who brought furgery uf firftp. and 
bow it came to be found out i 

A. The art of chirurgery was doubtlefs imparted 
to mankind af his firft formation by the. all-wife 
Creator, and by the fame providential means it was- 
communicated to others* for the neceflary afliftancc 
of the afRi£fced, according to Jefus the fon of ^aeh, 
who faith, Of the Lord eometh healing. Nor was the 
knowledge hereof only confined to mankind, but evea 
the brutes were endu'd with a (hare, as appears in the 
Bifpotamust or fe^horie, an inhabitant of the rivev 
Hikf who upon his. discovery of a plethory, or ful-« 
tit£s of blood, opens a vein, by rubbing bts thigh a- 
gainft the (harp fands on the bauk-fide : Nor is the 
pra6^ice of the goat \e£s remarkable, wha upon the 
diminution of his iight h^ films, catara6(s, c^. firlkea 
his head againft the thorny bufhes,. whereby the caufe- 
is removed, and his fight recovered. 

But Vliny tells us, t&t fodaliritts and Maebaen, the 
two foni of JBfwk^t purfuiog their Father's ftu« 

dies* 



\, . - ~ 

Sr&^ British Apollo. R55 

dies, were the firft and chief regulators of that art» 
and were thence accounted the inventors thereof. 
Q^ Smci matters jocofi, with ferims y$H jumbU^ 
Tray aafinr this trtfing demand fmn your hmUt. 
' Q^ I am hy trade a cffffee-matt, a pimch-maker, m 
barber^ a tooth-drawer, a pdUr, a gimcrack-celUBorf m 
gMme-keefer, and as yen may ferce'rve^ a Grub-ftreet- 
dahhr, Npv, as there was once an aceumtiUthe trMyter, 
fi I fancy my felfan aecttmulative Vertttofi, and am in* 
tUn'd t$ addrefs Dr. S— --n, in order to 6e admitted a 
brother of that mofi ingenious focietvi bttt fianding niceJf 
tepoa reftftation, IJhould be damnatfy houlk*d at a refisfaL 
Iheriforo intreat yoar learrted janch, 
T* advife me as a man of funHoi 
2^0 matter what thotsght now frevaih 
*If syott. Gallants, muft tttm the fealet, 
f0fether your moft obedient fo, (o. 
Be coxcomb, or a Vertuofb. 
ji. Since matters ferioas .will not always pais 
With th' grave^ we divert 'em fometimes with $n 

afs. 
An accumulative Vertuofi i Why you are an aecu« 
mulative one in the moft fuperior fuperlative degree. 
Never any digniFy'd by that title, was tnafter of To 
many acqaifitions, to qvalify bimfelf for one. Firft« 
Your dealing in contemplative coffee, wboft aduft pro^ 
pcrty reduces the body to a pbilofbphical confiftcncy. 
Then speculative pttnch, which after fiat mixtiOf leads 
you into the Jtfcana of fympathtef, and their won- 
derful ef!eds. By ' barbing, you bring rude matters 
into form, and ob^ioiis to ped^Aion. Your drttw^ 
"mg teeth gives demonftrtitibn of that axiom. That 
pain whicb is great muft be fliort $ by twitcliing 
them out. Ytatfiiffing (hcw^ the harn^ony of icience. 
A gimcrack tolkHor is a Vertttofo's true badge. Your 
gamt'keefing inftru^s you in the locomotive faculty ; 
And a Qrtdflreet'dablor, is often the conclufion of the 
matter. Therefore, I4>0n the whole/ if Dr. ^ i ■■ iti 
rt?\iits youf we ihali fu^ft he is not versed in all 
the& qualifications hittifclf. 

The 



834 ^e British Apollo; 

The learned Vcrtuofo's teU us, . . • 
And they* you know, ^are fubtil fellows) 
Exfreams point at the ianie by turps ; 
Thus ice^ they fay> in Greenland burx^f : 
And thus a modern Vertt^ofp, ^ 

And a notorious coxcomb^ fo'^fo, i . \ 

May both be really the fame, 
And only di f&r in the name. 
Q^ Tell me^ ye -wmhy fins of fuch <» fit, 
103Q was the man thM$ firft he di4 tf/ptftf 
la charaSiTi ohfcure to vent his mind* 
And by wyfivrtQHs firokes did words define i 
Who firft did JhukUd words m verfe controuk 
And with hartnonious numbers charm'd the foul : 
And l^ftiyftng;^ Apollo'i darling fan, 
Pfho has wjt^ n^ofi refp^mdent ghry Jhonef 

A. From what/ orig'nal metre lirft arofiv 
None but tbe/^rr^^'^;'^^/^ difclofe. 
For e'er the infancy of time begua» 
Unnapafur'd y^t by. the created fun. 
The forms of entities from Cbios iprang 
A(l4iaMMr ^irth^'OQcloftia] feri^>hs fang, 
Tb* QRBiT Cbeatoh'js ajrti%e and pr^ij^. . ., ,, 
Perhaps in. pipd^s pf jrai^ortal Ib^m : 
Mf IWicc. 0mc4 nyar^ref 4ad pic^rtiw'ij ict^' . 

Firft Ificrcd iywm o^^d^ ^^^br ^nd (w^-^ j 

Then ancient Patria;c>ti^ harps and org^n^ forQe)*4«y 
Which devotees vitith^z^ 9nd ardqur warm'dt 
Thus iings the m99 o(Uicin lefty powers* 
Th' Almighty rod ; yet o'en th^t rod a^re^ 

Anudft ftfli^^ions of uncommpa |(yeig|itr .i 
Obdurate patiencb fil^ncing F^et.i ; , ;:. j _; . 

Nor ran, I lefi ib^ ngble ili^ins zimJvcA - - 

Rais'id by the touch 0i the Jfffian iyr^y^ 

W'hether his hy$ enchant bewilder'd kingsi»* 

Or to the King of h^ven tjbc prophet iiags : 

Whofc fon, with fupernatur^l wifdom fraughtt 

Ballad of ^balMs t* mipiratipn tfught ;. . . 

Tho* with, a. (iecmSqg vairtoiinefi ofOilei 

Enough to make an am'roua reader fmi{^i , 

And 



*l 



The British Apollo. 8jj: 

And e'en old age to cloie endearments move. 
With a vivacious energ^ of love. 
So foft his fpoufe's hreails, her eyes To bright* 
I^qr' cheeks Co fair» hei downy neck (b white. 
Her lips fo fweet, with fucb a graceful air. 
Wave the curl'd ringlets of her golden hair. 

Hence Heathen poets, to abufe mankind, 
A fort of a coUegme fatn*l^ hign'i ; 
Where a wing'd horic, fpringing's aerial flight, 
Spurn*d up a fountain on ^amajfia height. 
Then a young Cod o'er nine t^r Ladies plac'd, 
(Who a too wanton regency embraced) 
Call'd Cod of nwfick, f^trff and iave» 
The flrongeft cfaaroifi that can our paflions move '$ 
Who learn'd ^hefe nymp^ to fing poetick fongs. 
And to his harp conform their warbling tongues* 

Hence other poets t' imitation taught. 
Of fair Euridlct and Chryfeis wrote i 
And of th' Qrphnm lyre vaft wonders tell. 
How it ftruck dumb whole colonies o( hell« 
How rapid rivers that had long ohey'd, 
Frogrei&ve n^otipos of their fountains head, 
Queftion'd that ppwer, which drove the curreot oOf 
And would fiaad fiUl ro lift^n to his fong. 
How he made bniMis of ftoqes, ^d ftonea pf bnitef» 
At leafl both leem'4 rfcjprOQtlly mute i 
For whilil he pby'd, the bratcs like ftones appeir'dt 
And ftones, bVxcbai>0i of airs attentive heard. * 

This was jgfril0*9 &tA and elded iipn. 
Who (hackled word^ in tuneful n^eafures fung. 
Then Grmm generals, fwolo with pop'kr fame^ 
Ow'd to blind Htmur an innmortal name^ 
Which el& had bsoi. induffarioufly forgot, ^ 

As deftin'd with their carcafles to rot. 

Next theie the MMtwn^ barii^ and vsnufiu, 
Demondrate their originals divine, . . 
Since they not only unoorrupt furvive. 

But immortsdity to otbera give* 

• - 

• ffklier's 



S^6 Tbe British Apollo*. 

H^/tUif^s by them jadiciouily po]itc» 

Tho' Onv/ev feefns an aboriginal wit. 

And thougntful Dryden, by laborious toil, 

LearnM facets to breed, or glean from foreiga fbiL 

Wbilft fublime Miifm on aerial wings. 

Fluttering fufpence* melodious numbers itngs. 

Befides fome poets of the prefent age, 

'Whofe charming mufes ftoicks would enga^. 

Bards of found wit, and folid fenfe approv'd, 

Who, when extin6t, will be admir'd and lov'd. ' 

Therefore^ kind Sir, your inquifition ipare, 
jif^ has his darling every-where. 
All nations under him fome favourites praife. 
To whom they give dcfcrvedly the bays : 
Some for one end, (bme on another fcore. 
Apt as the charader each writer bore. 

Q: Apollo, tell me, fiwe ym are Jh/im, 
T0?ether or m in heaven J JhaU Jhme f 
Re/olve mo this, and then Vd quickly know, 
]B^ your noxt anfwer, if you're fi or no, 

jf. If in your life no vertue brighter (hineii 
Than the dim fancy in your clouded Ums^ 
There's little, very little hopes, alas ! 
To thofe iUttfirious realms you'll ever pafs. 
' Q. Apollo, lay down this your trading in vtrfo^ 
' l^or by that the mofi wifdom you^Uflmo^ 
4^d fiich paltry queftiont no longer rehearfe, 

tvithyour anfwefs as infolent too,' 
JRw four papers degrade the bright name they affutini 

By their mean and impertinent flrantt 
And your notions are perched on the totoVmg pUtme, 

Wh»e a/prightUer genius Jhould reign* 
Jrom mdifferwt at frfi, they dwindled to duU, 

And now to infipid are grown, 
Jbey exaiily delineate the depth of your skull. 
Therefore deem'd as the drug of the town. 
And the proverb's invalid ns plainly you fhvw» 

C Tho* in impudence ftiU you're the Mder ) 
That the longer they live, ftill the wifir they grow, 
Jdr Apollo 'grows older and oUler* 

A, Whcft 



?^f British Apollo. 837 

^. When blockheads rail oo> witboat one jcctcnce 

At what, nor ofeferve any rules. 
All that can.be gneft hj their delicate fenfe 

la, that they are but iU-natiir'd fools. 
Did ever yet niicj, in any difpute, 

^Gainft notions, in numbers lay down j 
E*a hope his poor flock of duH brains wou'd confute," 

When fie never durii touch upon one. 
The wife, the weli-bred, and the karn^d (not a fiew^ 

Approach with their praifes our (hrine i 
Wc want but fuch clouds to oppofe us as you. 

To make us the brighter to fliine. 
But you have been bit hy a former reply. 

On which, with thcfe fliarp lines you've tilted 5 
The ebrious revenge, to whi^h always fly 

Bilkt whores, and their'bullies, when jilted. 

Qg^HHy thi wfird Selah is put 0$ th$ tnd tf ftvtrid 
V^rfu m the ffalms f 

jf, SeUh is either a mufical note, and according to 
Xmchs imports the elevation of the voice, as though 
it were irregularly deriv'd from Ssiah to elevate i or 
it fignifies a common panic. 

C^ The uuMfimfs thMi m Ute ill ncddint htu brtnght 
m mtf if the ataber ef this MJJre/s to yeu. The accideni 
VMS this : 

Swim months fiaa; through the exeefs ef drinking^ I 

wtssfetz^d with 4 very high fiver ^ and in the deUrium, I 

gofve my vift a Uaw upon her left hrenftt ( as fhe was of' 

firiug mefimething to ib'iiA) which ( in the judgment rf 

her plyficiMs ) ftodtt^d a earner^ ef which fhe Uttfy dy*d. 

Now, I defnre 19 knew whether I am accountable fer 
tuny a^ttn committed without confdoufne/s, altho' it's th§ 
cmfeqtuttt ef a crime eemmitted with. 

A*, Where there is a melancholy confc<]uence of 
any crime, we have been 'guilty of, which is intirely 
accidental, and coyld not poiTibly be forefeen, we are 
chargeable with no other guilt, than that of the 
crime it ielf. But drvnk^neis is attended with many 
jterrible confcquences, which ftrangely aggravate ita 
fiqfttlncAy and render it the more txceediog fitful. A 



n 



838 7^^ Bbitish Apollo. 

fcYcr frcqachtly proccedsr from drlnlifng to etccb i a 
coniequent delirium from fuch cxcd[s>- and unac- 
countable adlions from fach ddirium. . Wben^e we 
become the more ftridly bound religfoufly to abAain 
from tbofe offences, of wbtch we know not what 
may be the difmal ifiiie. And tbcrefbre you' do wdl 
to DC uneafy, fo you be but careful, that your uneafi- 
ticfB advance not to any, the leaft degree of unwar- 
rantable de/peration. For you mtift not look upon 
your felf as a mnrderer, but as a kind of inadver- 
tent dcccilbry. And indeed all drunkards are equafly 
guilty with .your fcif ; fincc, however thi^ might 
have been niore happy than to have met ib /aftu a' 
cficumllance enfuing from their drunkennefs, yet they 
could no more than you, warrant to themi^ves to 
undeferved an happinefr. Not but that you are yet 
obligVI more feVCrcly to bewail your drunkeoncis, 
$nce the tragedy that enfued* muft have given y<m 
a more lively fenfe of (b dang^ous a fin. And upon 
the fame Account yoti are under a AriAer obligation 
neV€r to repeat the crime, never more to be drufik 
mih wine, wherein is excefs, 

(ysirsy I Am a comtry breiymni creature., notkne/m" 
^ingihe' ways of that wieked fffWUy ^as fitn drawn imo 
the fnares (f live bj a ymn^ man, after a little wbili 
[ keeping company, whofwore iy alt that wasfacredand divim, ' 
^ would marrv me, if I wottid djfttfe him, T i&^'d eio 
man in the world fo ipill as hirfs^, which I Sotmd "witb 
'm fervent oaths, and fijcero frotejlkthms as this wicked 
wretch did to me* The nfght Before the marriage we 
met at a tavern, where he Jhew*d me a ring and hcenfe, 
and that we were already man and wife in the fight of 
Cod i and bv that time a pint had gone round, mthmg 
, wonld keep his hafe hoHds from under my pitticoatfi of" 
fering fuch things as rny modefiy will no^ allow tni iofo^ 
I peat i upon which 1 fieti out of Hfis arms, alnd fnadt m 
refolsaion never to fpeak toffim a£afn. Now the qtufikn 
is, whether I commit a fin in not marrying thfs man, w 
whether h'ts infufferable tudinefs U m$ fufficicmfUffm 
$0 part for evert 

A. Madam* 



r 



-" Jf.'MiWafte, tlki'rodencft tvhfeh 'ybtir Lover was 

fb uidiitt^dfbTnf^Ijr, as wdl as finfiiflj guikj of, diftn* 

^ages you frptn your former obligation, fioce it gives 

^oti ttt'feafta jaftTufpEdoA, that he dcfigo'd only to 

Atisfy fais brutal luft, Md^tlien to have bafely left yoa 

in the lurch. Arid tho* from the tenor of your que- 

#h>R, we may probably colleift, that he is ftill wil- 

linrg* to (engage in a naptHII fhiie, ret you may con» 

fidcr, that th^rearetoo*rt any itf the world, who arc 

Yo tnflatn''Vi with love ive dareiot fiy, but with a 

bafer paSon towards xht obje^s of their Inft^ 9s to 

be ivnling tofobmit to^rtiatritnomy, .if the^ caiinoc 

obtain t&if fatisfadidh in the Way of libertmes. As 

therefbre Ms willingnefs to 'marry, cannot apquit hhn 

of fo ungenerous a deiign, io it fuggeds too, what 

'fart of a husband you have reaibn to expe£t. 

But after all, id fb tender, in ib nice a point, we 
are of opinion, that yoiu wott*d aft 'the prt.of a diF- 
crect, of a prudent Lady, not to Be too hafly in yoor 
final dctctitfiriitioh, it^ ycttt^ Jaftrefolve; biit to ^ait 
patiently a WMI^, to eitamhie the conduft of his life, 
to niiikfc t narirow icrutitiy into hfs future deport- 
ment, and at lafl to determine your refolation, igrceMy 
to the naturis 6f the obi^vatton you fhail have nrade. 
Q^ In the ijknd of Borneo, thrrt is M rivfr cxWd 
BaojarmafTeen, ifheri the En^lijh fiiUhrjf waifehUdi md 
h*s w frejh initttf fiver; knd ^Be ■ Wafer'' v^ pbd' and 
vMefime id drtnk excepirtg i)^^ fno>ifhs 'in ike year (viz.) 
Auguft 0nd September, dtsrmi^hith tb»e, there is m 
dal^i itM^ in the itdter; and then the t^aters are 
umphoUfim t$ drink, and yet Jotni^Ut ^i er fix miles 
farther Uf it iigoed : Ninr-l tkjtre yeti^U grve me the 
reafm, why /4i waters make fitch a delUftd ran fit and 
its Being fi ffejudicial to drink i fir the natives differ in 
their opinions mc&n'mg it f " ' ,^ 

A. iTbe uiwholefbmnefi of thefe Wat^s, does !n 

. all probability proceed from foiiie hdxious af/d poyfb- 

nous vipotirt arifing at th^t time from the V^rth. 

Ufidcr that place of the river j and thteMbl^fUlgri^h- 

iog that is heard, is nothlt>g elfe btit the- noMe thcfe 

• -^ vapours 



*r 



840 ^e Br; 7 i€H A po L l>; 

vapours occafioa, as they break qi^t of ibme-fiibter'^ 
Ttoeous cells, and are cnakiog their way through the 
-water. 

Q^ A Gentleman 9as faymg, that be had read ef it 
certain place m Italy, where there is a cave^ and « li^ 
near adjcymng^ which are of fi very different a nattire^ 
.that if a dog he fut in the- cave, he is n$ foomr in^ Bta 
^aUs dawn dead; hut if he he immediate^ taken oia, and 
fnt in the ftfare/aid lake, h0 ^rtaes, toffe, again f . 

Query, Whether the dog . be really deafl, (foot, what 
wayie the caufe of his feemmg to be fit . : * , 

«4. If the dog was really. dead, you may be fure he 
would never come to life again, but he may be fb in 
all appearance, the motion of the blood and fpirits be« 
ing at that time very inconsiderable and impercepti- 
ble, tho' not quite ceafed i as has been oftentimes ob* 
ierved in ibmc flrong hyftcrick, or ap^opleiSlick fits, 
which have been^hft cauJfe 9f,fomc people being mi- 
ferably burie^ alive. . 

Qj . the reafm, why fime people, when^ mmfd far 
^ twfnty three, or more years ( when young and healthful) 
. have no children^ and after that time expired, thy (per- 
.haps) breed apace t . 

A. The cauife of that we take chiefly to \jt in 
the Ovarium, Muliebre, the eggs of which it is made 
^V> M'Jg •t firft unfit to b© impregnated by the ipi- 
rituous parts of the Semen VirUe^ but in proccfs of 
time they may grow* ripc^ and Well diij>ofcd to be 
. fecundated by thcw.[ 

Q. Gentlemen, fray tell me the meaning if that vtjgar 
axprefpm, viz. a Canterbury ftory ? 

A. The frequent pilgrimages, which in ^opifh 

times were made to Canterbury, gave this aricicnt fay- 

Jng birth, by'reafon of tht tedious ftories, which 

were told by pilgrims, with dcfign to divert each o* 

, thcr as they walk'd along, and thereby JeiTcn the fa- 

. tigues of the journey. 

Q. Some dtildrm are torn with cautsXpot unlike vfiil 
€auls) over their faces, which are accounted very fortto* 
natt to them. And 'tis faid^ that maftm of fiif^ will 

giva 



I 



Tii British Apollo. 841 

\. t9 fea with them. I »ouU hig the J^"^*^ 4 ^^ ^ ^ 

fign the retfm^ whffmH children oM^'are 60n with thofi 

umlss Mid the occ^m thertcf I IVmher ym think tbef 

drag 0Uiy fairticidkr firtrnm to fitch as are hm with 

4hmt and whjf tkgfjboifid^fi defrtd h tbtfiomm f 

JL The ancients were verj fuperftitious in tlvtr 
opinion of fuch being fortunate* who were bora' 
with caub about their opids i opt only A, but tbac 
^ioo'd fuch j«r£>ns loie them* the good fortune 
would attend the finder* and great iums were gi^Q> 
to midwifes for tbeo). Bdfumtn^ affirms^ that ?r4tMs^ 
a dergyman,, bought fuch ao one» through ,cxpe6ta« 
tioB of being fortuo^e thereby, ^dvoa^us purchasM 
. them at great rat^ expedmg fuccefs and applauie la 
' their plfi^iigs bj mtue of theip i nay« fome faiU 
' cy'd, that fuch who polTefi'd thern» were not fubjeft 
to the miferks an^ uifelidties of bun^ape life. We 
fuppofe this fuperdiUQO ^ofe from ao pbicrvation of 
the fticceA of tsuffi^l who happeii'd to tq come ipto 
the world, as *tis leUted pf Jpiim/iis^ 7|ip arriv'd to 
the fbrereiga dignitjf of the (empire, 19 the manage^ 
mentof which* all t(ua^$^cccQJcd:,f^coirding^ 
deiire. But jfiooe fuoD e^teds wou'd pifke a cpnfufioii 
in lift iptttod ch^iq pi[ oati^fil cai^ij, W9 look upop 
pthem a^ idle fanc^> ^ud grofmdleU ,CQPcei(s, 

flrong cotifii^iffn, m^^ ^^ w» */W *^ %«. '^^V*. W» 
this dMy is n ypm 4 W ^W ^^-fi f^J^^^ tf^ 
hath mot'Ht$/un fgrt <f£utchtrs ipt^t f&r (tiffort, Mo' 
dreji 4tft^ tjuffj maopiTf vh. V^ef-Jl^ies, mmtfi-cutt* 
lets, vidi, &c. kit he certainly ajoaked ah^ut thr^of tho 
deck m the mormng^ and cmtiattes fo two hofd^s, whtlfi no 
fort efji/h or poulay. (^ that efftU ufm^ hkn, s^ftheugh 
the former is liked as well, Xostr fnlt ftn/w'er is d^ed 
as to the reafin of the cafe t 

A, This difturbapce of a0i£i:ipg the queri/l, jkrifes 
from indigeftioQ : Beef, mutton, veal. 0*^. being 
more grofs, and *cbn{e(}(|encly more (ti$c^lcIy cop- 
coded than filh, poultry, &c: 

Vol. Ill, O o Q^n 



t 



I 

€41 the British Afollo. 

0^ n/m ^DcHus nU, why fifing fame, 
jlddtdthe Great, t9 Alexander'* nmi j 
2hat title mfy to a prince belmgs, 
mo by juft war, fights to revenge his wrongs 5 
Whofe iimard virtue teaches him to ufe 
Mith heavenly reafon, what the heavens frodtM. ' 
Jfho, whm viBorious, weighs the comnm good, 1 

Jieftrains th wanton wafie of humane bkod, > 

j^egleSts the firpent, and infli0s the rod. J 

Such was not he, for majacre and flame, 
Enjk'd hit conquefts wherefoe*er*he came, 
Jill on the pinnacles of pride he trod, 
Jbid caWd his mother whore to be a Cod. 
Nor was his luft inferior to his pride. 
Sis Godjhip nothing to his tafie denfd. 
,Wi7cs, whores, aind eunuchs waa on his d^M^p 
JSo hot the God, fi vigorous his fire-. 
So wmderfid profufe, that for a ki/s. 
Me fir'd the palace of Pcrfcpohs j 
2dtirder*d his nearefl friends, who kd the way. 
And brought him fife to unrverfal fway. 
Confider wife Phoebcans, then reUte . 
mother 'twas vice or virtue nmfifdhim Great. 

A. Were he the God, he vainly wifli'd to be. 
He might have liv'd from hunbnc frailties free. 
But tho* the height of glory's fpire he knew, i 

E*en in that height he was but man like yoH. \ 

E'^cr then you blame his vices, Jearn to ht 
Lord of as many virtues, as was he 5 
Then will you own thofc monarch^ to ex«el. 
In whom rt ore virtues ihine, than frailties dwell. 
Q^Jftlafthe is found, 
Ihebovl have bound, 
And fend him to you for correBion j 
tray b^ not fevei^, \' 

to my poor little dear. 
As you value his mother^ s affeSiion: 
Twice the ehUd has been ftrifd, 
Ww in dogrel equifd, 



tve 






^e BuiTistt Apollo, 841 

Jho' 1 emum hit tkuk. 

Now ccoutcs man chcr » 
ttki i^afe nM^Sm mMckmg Mies; 

^anitfium 'm ntfi$mkrMiis 
if CoVs tut n fimdh 

MerkogX nHfi/»$i$h wiSw^k) 
^•'U then m^ifitfi, 

-^^ ^/e ts nfifi pUm, 
^d hisfrnfoitr ehmn^ 
Bm if, ^er all, trt^mt Me ^^ 
^^^ MaJbeiirm&:iiie^. 

^f^'d iikethe peer Mfsm the fiiik ■ .- 
BftfT»hileMitiisfme, 

Hke M ceqfte$ I pTMie, 
^ ^^^m 0»ay firm the text - 
^^hencepeif (ew'mf^aimy . 

^iTaio Jbe p^^igean have amtexi.^ ' t 
-rf. We giFejonmueb J07, 

On the fiodiag' jdurboj f - , 
And fince Ijc'i mit'd to our arms.. 

We'll be kind net^feort-^ •' * 

To your pooi; little W^, . . . , . 
For the fake of his mother's brijgiit chat m* : 

We re glad he'sOiecQ ilript.- • .; ^ ,u 

Since he's better cqwpr^ .- « . 
«is w/«, and his aiir^ and id$ drefi, f 

A dignif/d birth, 4, \ 

From parents of ifronli* . 
And a frank education confdi* 

P 9 * Cemmm 



* t 



• « 



* 
f 



^^ 



«44 The h^iTnnAfP^^^^ 

Will5%v«fniiicat.f0a! :. » 
The honour yoB'te UWjeif rfo^giW 

That he williQHcb.iadiec 

ildiere him&lf FaUwr, 
And that the boy ijpfaogjfrom hi»J»^« 

Already /tf/'s hiBUEtt 

Is toucht by yottc att^ 

His D^^^ no mose^ : . . 

He'D court as before,. 
But to yott his offieriogs tetflg* 

And can you impottaac* 

IVhat as his bed: ^fatuat, 
«With eageroefi he wauVH eoiteao^ 

3iiA Bmhmr t That he. 

Thus faveurM (hOttM be» 
y hen yvve niig1|t be pwud of his place. 

But now we cpflae aezt* 

ToJthe point of your tezti 
The friefis for their>ir«i IMW «linir*d» 

And which they you know. 

Have advantage to Aow, 
And by ^hat can the fair.mcre he firVI? 
a Pr*y <«ffiw* ir^ PhoBbans, afcs* ii ^ymem,y 
^taeaJhmU cmt women, ^ wtmm «* men ? 1 

And Women have onjy « jwgaof e voice. 
Q;. Priy. »*iM*'* i»^. ' Ap#>. 

Xm, /it ycttr vMm ^11^ f^f i 

Wkj m^bsr m /<*>»• 

Is, ym'd wkUm thuwj^w 

In wbkh I fi^ifi^f 
Tm^U ever n^gf* 



fb^ BitrTisH' AFoxLOr Z{f 

A. From their genuine flame, 

lidar giFct tbem the namer 
Whidi C/f/«r4 the latinifl renders : 
^Aa4 iimppies that heat» 

l>oe$ thoie £ymj>tom$ cre|te» 
Whach niake tbem iuch paihfid olfoderi; 

But 'tis plain to the view. 

As all Microicopes (hew. 
That with prickles three pointed thej ?«r nts 

Which occaiion that pain. 

We bf touching them gain^ 
And the tumors wherewith tkej perplex at. 
Q^ Th ytmifi I^Sim fiyi tJktvhm ]b&ph mmfiH 
fiaac WM ytt Ihmg. ^my, H#v em h bit fi^a »r 
find in Geneiisr tbi daah ^ I&ac smarm #» tb$ fnk 
^Jofcph? 

A, The realbn which yoa allodgB, is not fuffici««' 
eat to confute the Jewiih Riabbins, fioee all hiftorianr 
take the allow'd liberty to inveit the order of timca 
and relate fubfequent occurrences before their antece- 
dent ones. But what irrefragabJy confute them, ul- 
that at the fir/l ?erie of the Chapter, whore the fell* 
ipg of J'o[f^ into IB^ft is related, Ifru is mention-- 
cd as already dead. Beddes, we might conclude % 
probability againft them another way. JpMcvfzt three* 
Ibore years old when jMcob was born, and died at aa 
knndred and iburicore. Whence Jtuob muft have 
been but an hundred and tea. at his father^s deaths 
Whereas he wu an hundred and tburty at his deicentr 
into Effft. Whence it follows, that Jofrpb muft ha?r 
been, according to the IJibbmst at kaft twenty yeart 
in £^/# before his fiither. But the two years of ft^ 
mine, which were already pafti the ioren years o£ 
plenty, and the two years after the pardon of the 
chief butler, to TImtao^s dreams, added together make 
but eleven. Which being fubftra^fced from twentr* 
nine remain* As therefore he was but two years ui 
pri£>n after the delivery of the chief butler, & the 
time of his imprifonment, and of his being in M^i 
ifair's houie, muft have been confequently eleven years. 

O 3 BuS^ 



946 The British Apollo.* 

Bat this is what, fh)m the teniMr of the bi&orj, we 
think to be improbable at ieaft. 

Q. Pray txflmn the Ufi v§rfi rf fhi Uft Chafter tf 
. 5/. John : And there are alfb many other things which 
Je&s did, the which if thej ihould be written ever/ 
onct I fuppofe that the world it felf could not con- 
tain the hooks that fhould be written. 

Ji, Origin interprets the word x^wrm, not to fig- 
nify amiMh as does our tranfiation, but to import 
receive pT admit ef. And therefore according to that 
great man, the filnfe is, theftufendums greatnefs ef thi 
»orks to be^ recerded in the books that Jhould be written^ 
wmld make tbemfeem to the world AS IDLE TALES. 
But as Origm was full of error9> fo we beg leave to 
add this to the number, for the following reafonsi 

»• According to- this interpretation, the greateft of 
our Saviour's miracles are buried in obfcuriry, and 
thofe only of a lefs magnitude recorded in the four 
£vangelifts : But to remark occurrences of a fmaller 
import, and overlook thofe of a greater j this is £0 
contrary to the method of hiftory, that we dare hoe 
lay it to the charge of thofe divine Hiftorians. 

2c We cannot think, that the Son of God, who ne- 
▼er did a miaacle but for great, for important ends, 
would ever have performed his greateft miracles, 
would ever have fuperf^ed the fiated laws of nature, 
have inverted the fettled order of the Creation in the 
mofi furprifiog manner, unlefs he defign'd it to be 
of ufe to the generations that were yet unborn, 

3. The Scriptures very plainly acquaint us, that our 
Lord'^ reiurredion was the greateft of all his miracles. 
Aqd.can we think, that he would have a greater mi- 
racle publiih'd to the world, as the main pillar of his 
religion, and yet defign to have lefs miracles fiip- 
preis*d, left they ihould be lookt upon a^romantiek 
and fabulous ? But the publication, of thofe other mi- 
racles, which were neareft in dbgree to that of his re- 
furre^ion, could probably have had no other cffoGt 
than the advancing the credibility of his rifing fronv 
the dead. 

4. They, 



^e British ApoLi^a 847 

4^Th97» wfio'be]je?ed the miracles, that are ac' 
taaily recorcted', would have believed greater miradec** 
had any fuch been done. For fince the miracles al* 
readj written, cannot otherwife be accounted £ost 
than by a neceflary recourie to a fupematural agency, 
lb, fiich an agency muft have confequently filenc'd all 
our fcrut>les concerning the moft dupendious miracles^ 
fince we cannot but confefs with our blejQcd Lord* 
that with God nU things MnfcffihU. 

5*. The very expreiTions in this memorable pailage 
dired us to number, and not to magniti^de. Aifir/I^ 
There are alfo MANY other things, which Jefm Md, xJ^ 
If they JhoM ^ written EVERY ONE. And ^My,! 
/uppcfe, that even the world it felfwotUd mt contain THE 
BOOKS that JhouU he written. The books,, not the 
works i which plainly intimates, that the books whicli 
fhould be written wouM' be many in number. Whea 
therefore we behold fo many chandlers of number, 
and not £o much as one of magnitude, reafbn fur« 
will bear us out« if we expound the pailage of the 
ibrracr. 

But to leave Origent tod give you the ienl^ in 
which moft interpreters are agreed, the cxpreffion is ^ 
accounted fbr by a rhetorical Hgure, call'd Hyferhle» 
which by fbmethisg literally iomdible couches fi>me« 
thing elfe very wonderful and evtraordinavy. And 
this is a figure frequently made uie of by all (orts of 
writers, whether lacred or profane. The meaning, 
therefore of the pailage, as hyperbolically reprefented, 
is, that if all otsr Saviottr's anient were to he committed' 
to writings very many wotdd he the hooks, that of necejp"^ 
ty muft he written. 

But if any are better pleafid With Origen*$ inter* 

pretation of the word x'^^^t^^Y may yet apply to 

' number inilead of Magnitude^ And then thefenfe wou'd 

bcrthat, if all our Saviour's miracles were reccrdedt thy 

wou*d hefo numerous J as tofeem incredihle to the world. 

But we would propoie another expofition as mat' 
ter of conje^ure, and leave it to the reader to choo^ 
it> or r^e^ it. The hooks that JhouU he writtm^vtould 

O o 4 he 



S48 STi^^ British Apollo. 

htfo mmy tlmf they W9§dd frighm ntmiAiUtr$m ttU^ 
Pig than^ md ht the caufe vf their repakn wjtb the warlJ, 
w&# an gmmMf battr fhd$*d with fim nfrrntms, thmt 

Q. Smte timi ngp I had an i^i^m fir k^ymng Ladjh. 
land /he, I am very veil ajftsr*d, had the fimifir tnei 
hat wyfrUnd fmmtig very much agamfi it, w had a 
frivate C9irrejfw4tnai but fty frmd hapfenmg m^e /# 
ptffe^ if$ ^ charging me with it, 1 9wmd it, hut fay^ 
eng in a paffien, J wjh 2 might never fro^, if iwr I 
had her, mt confidering what I faid} which at fim as 
mtir*d, was a great treuUi hath t0 me and my friend. 
Kcw, /ma that, there is 4 vety great frebahUUy if all ear 
friends agjtemg to it. And that I have ai/e,f9r theft^ 
•Uvm pears, Iroed in the hm/e with a young Lady who it 
9tow adeut fiventeen years ef age. Since I/kft knew h&, 
I always fancied her for a fret^ tempered child, and for 
that rMfon, Wf dlwayr coiled one another husband and 
joife. She always feemed tmeafy^ though ft veryyoungp 
when I was abfent, and I harve always, fince I hiew her, 
tarried it very kind to her, and have told her that I 
would not haveatjy bodf but her, ffithin tins little time, 
feme body has tobl her, that I am gwng to be married, 
which as fim as fhe hoard, /he burfi into tears, and ever 
fibte hits feMd very difconfrlate. I muji needs own I 
reaHy reffe& her, /he is very handfime, ahd^^fortstne every 
wag mfwtrable to mine, and both her, and my friends, I 
know, wndd be ^ery weU fatis/y*d^ nay, extreansly plea/d, 
ffkwttsd match, Mtw, Gentlemen, in the i ft place, I 
iegy<^ opinion, jiAfctber I p^ht expeB -a cserfe tofillew 
me, if I had thefirfi, according to my rafb wi/h. And, 
iiiy, whetb^l -btin iedvo thofecond Lady, and if I mOr- 
iy her, thefifi telb me, I /Ml make her tmferabk, 

A. Yba krveomltt^ ksmt particular circumftaaces^ 
which are aMUutd^ necei&ry to the dcterintnatsoii 
of the cafe. Bat we ifaall propoie the folatioQs^ that 
ntfturally relblt ^om thofe fuppos'd circumftances ; 
whcQce you may readily feled thoie particolar ones, 
which' yoor eob&ibufaefs of the ieveral circumftaoces 
will eoaSle you to chiile as the moft pertiaent. 

If 



The British Apollo. 849 

If you made a promift of marriage to the fiirft 
Lad/, ackher jour rafli wiih» nor any promifi to the 
ftcood, can fuperiede jrour former promiie. For the 
natore o^ the thing evident!/ (hews* that prior obli- 
^gatiops muft neoemril/csMiccl all fucceedingones. Bst: 
* wewou'd entreat /ou to obferve, that 70a might have' 
eimgfd jour felf to her without a direft^ ycrbal pro- 
miie^ For marriage ma/ be aduall/ condnded with- 
out the Tulgtur expreffion of the affirmative Tm. Aod 
injced. fince words are no other than the indications* 
of the mia(l whatever v^ords are & Chow direfi ib- 
,cver^ the/ are equally bifidiog with the moft pofitive ' 
t€iau» Nay* m o&igatioa may become vahd by m* 
-Bicrt tacit compliance or con&it. 

If /oil were Aot e^||g^ to the firil' Lady, but are' 
at perfc^ liberty, /oufliou'd, then coniidcr, whether' 
you made any promife to tlfe iecQndr'^whether>tha 
esprdfions, which you us'd, were defign*d ferioufh^- 
fotr. jocularly only. For in cafe you promis*(f the &» 
Gond, and not the firfl» then your rafh wifli, and the 
promift which you made, both of them concur tp 
oblige you to a compliance with her reajboable de« 
&c» But here aMb ydu muft ob&rve, that tho' your 
eqrreiTiona were intended onljr as jocoie, yet if ihe 
took them in a ftrious acceptation, and you, notwith- 
Ifauakdtng you were feaiiUe that (he did Co, proceeded 
to repesit thcnw comoK^n, eq^ttv will enforce thoft 
^q^mpns with the ohlfgat|on of a promife. 

If you are at. libcarj^ with reipea ^o both,, yet,'' 
fince the firft Laffy, io cafe fi£ your refiiial^ may, ac«- 
cording to what you fay, poffi% en>ire with the o«' 
t^ciliearing concern of ib fatal a nrisK>rtune« but pro* 
hahty be for ever miimUet your ra(h wi(h can no 
wa/i hindtf the performance of' fo charitiaUe an ac- 
tion, as that of refcniog a L^y from either death or ' 
ini6l/» N^» fiqce your addrciles to the Lady are 
^ ttnhapii/ caiife oif whatever Ihe txatf undergo, Jt 
is abfelureiy your duty to. prevtot the cpnie()uence« 
And iure a rafh wifli can never be aliow'dto interfere; 
With an iodilpenfiblf* a neceiTairy duty, 

P o y But ' 



I 

8fo "pji British Apoi.lo. 

Bat th^nt in cafe (as is f^A before) you are at per^^ 
feSt libehy with reipedl to both, you mull yet take 
it ioto your further confideration> whether your rc- 
fufal may not prove as fatal to the fecbnd as to the firfl. 
For, on condition that it will, your rafli wHh will . 
entirely turn |he balance in her favour. 

As foji^^h^conient of friends* you &f that ther^ Is 
a probability of their approbation of the firft Lady. 
Bat if that probabih'ty ihould fail» you muft apply it 
to thofe of the foregoing circamibnces» whith you 
know to be your own cafe. For it is too te4foa$ 
for US, who are ignorant of the true circumftances^ 
to. apply it to alh But we mud remind you to con- 
iider. Whether they be fuch friends as have an autho- 
rity over you jT and that* tho'theybe fuch, they have 
only a negative, not a pofitive vote; 

But if you find your fdf at a lofs to make a proper 
application of the afore^iid point to your real circum- 
ilances, acauaint us with thoft rol circumftaaces; 
and we (hall endeavour a fblutton. 

But if by virtue of the preniifes you fhall deter* 
mine in favour of the firft Lady, we muft advi& you 
ftncerdy to repent of the rafhnefs of your wi(h, hear- 
tily to bewail £6 indifcreet a procedure, and implore 
yoar of&nded Maker with an humble fervency, that 
he would be graciouHy pleas'd to avert the con&quencc; 
Kay, tho* you fhould never marry her, and therefore 
not become oboojtious to the import of your wi(h» 
yet you muft not omit* to entreat a pardon for £o 
rafli, fo unwarrantable vt iraproaitioB, for /jfe^kittg fi 
ftnadvifrslfy imth yimr lips} 

Q^Gemkment where 'JhomU unpimded hmctnce eifffy 
fw direStimt ^ui to ApoWs /hme f Hen thenfeH I 
addrefs, imd hegyen tofavom me with a /ptedy emfww. 
1 am WW almiji eighteen i s QentUmm htts hem in icv§ 
mth me {as he petends) aheue a year, 1 ewn t hawe^ ufed 
him iU, nay (/ may fay) mdefy. Bui he nctwhhfiamding 
ftill fterfues me with hif addreffes* I can't fiw I have any 
■Ofverfim to his ferfen or cireHmfiances, ha having fi long 
ferJ0ed in my eafrieieus hftmmr^ I am rtnify afraid ta 

eniertm 



2he British ApoLbo. 9fi 

muertam Wf /park's ff^ffkn, fmrmg, he fmfiuf pte m this 
maxim ( vlieh I am told is general amrn^ the/ex) tf 
gaining me, if Sue t§ 6e revei^Jfpr Wf fanner carriage^- 
Jffi, and I emfent to entertain his kve, the' hmmtriMit 
I mufi U miferahle, 

A. Forbear, rafli Lady, to entertain this your im- 
cbaritable opiaion of a Gentkfnan, who, by your 
own confcmon, hath been a captive to your charms^ 
lb confiderable a icaibn, and AilJ rejoycesr in the fiic- 
cefTion of his flarery. Love, Madam, cannot admit 
of that fallacious maxim, and it is beneath its de-^ 
votees, to ftoop to the pra&iac of fuch an uogene*! 
rous revenge ; Nor can your capricious humour fig** 
nify any other than a Gfa$a tretervitas, which is« 
general promoter of the growth of admiration, and 
coniequenrly proves the fhongeft attradlive. Our ad^ 
vice is therefore, that you would yield to the purfuit^ 
and compenfate the author of fuch a generous allec^ 
tion, with the pofTeifion of your pcribn ; fo may 
you both become partaker& of. that extatick unioa 
mention'xl by the Poet,. 

jFeiiees ter ^ amplius 
^aes irrtsfta tenet ceftOa 
Thrice happy they> wix>(e nuptial yoke 
Can ne'er by any means be broke.. 
Q^ Apollo, / knev 
Wtfk reajtrn do Jheim 
ISf problems JuSime and' reclufe'r, 
And therefore 2 ftaad» 
IVah ny cap in my hanjt 
^or an anfwer to. come from ymr mufel 
Tray» whf^ts it that 
Triof brandy kills cat, . 
Since men take the fame as phyfick t 
I'm fure it is true^ 
Vray anfwer me fo^ 
A fpoenftd er lefs .does the trick : 
Iferiouffy ask. 
And fit no hard task, 
Sabe mt-^fevere nerfatyrick, 

O o 6 A: Since . 



^ 



Iji Sra^^KkiTisM Apollo. 

ji.tinct yoa fiem fii ezad, 
In the matter of fii^» 
Aiid fb faithful appbff in yoih* query i 
Sbme repl? wt (haK Aiew, 
Be't a £ilfc one or true, 
Ndr ihall reafons Qtynal fdSre you.' 
Then ^{b i^eftmes, 
Tis the volatile fumes 
p{ that liquor, which cauft fnfibations : 
/ ' Whole extravagant heat 
Does the fbitits deicat, 
^Atkd engender fuch ftrange alteraHonf. 
Qg^U is4 idmmm rtcMd 9^mm^ tlmtufivmb Jk 
tf trn V9in4i$t l^ithmi Am dt^Hghftrs bHwun^ btu tkf 
fmr tf biO^fevirMt dijutfes. Nhf, Gtmletheit, I tm 
mfwvfith&n^ S:c. hut mverthUfit the ii*A n difeAfi 
^^n I btaK niifi frimb Ms thetootb-ncbi wbkb is s grid^ 
miMfinefs u im, tb^t I abw, amcng M tbe mbirlkvm 
fins, fliidd he fo wffmwm** IJmM h ixtnmmjf ^ 
U£4ujok, ifyM -^Mdfini 9Ut fme tti^fins fir k. 

A* We not difcourag'd that ^ou can cure lio diftaib* 
for 700 are much more happy than thoie ieventh ions, 
who believe they 'tm. JSince they, in reality, are fo 
far from being able to cure others, that they are not 
able to relede themfdves from the complicatkm of 
diftempers both of body and mind, thqr labour un- 
der, as the Hiff0, VftftmSt Vmtf, ApB^skn^ &c. 
.which are the ingredients that compound their fidtb. 
Q. God Cupid Us dart 
IiMsfie*d dipt in n^ beart^ 
Thro* the ^es if%t hmocmt fitr^ 
Whofi charms 0n As Mgbt 
As tbefim's dMKxJImg light. 
And of gco^tifs bas t» equal flfMrji 
J bavettmfttd, Vve tj% 
And as rft kmadinfip • - \^ 

Uiwiivtr my kpdmp I nrmi^n : Vv 

She re/ohmg t§ die, 
Katber tb^te eempfy, 
tk.ffve eafetepy kfifnl intemlenl 



fTfe British AfOLiiO. 8f j 

Fc^ fif uSU mi m kntf, 

ThtU thin is m rdkf 
7b ii irmnid, ixapi tm tUmmfy\ 

Tor tiUU ffla is far^ 

And r«» fkhit mft^n^ 
2^ M hMeft ofie kffg&Jhdtt uny*^ 

Krt^ iim tnind i^ dij^ib^ 

SkuU I p»Mki up tbi matib, 
' Wit bettir fir wmfip SBd fo fidn bir f 

SiM Jb^s m^u VikMd^ 

A. Qm yott tbink fh« k pMr« 
Tiio' of wedtli Ifae'i no Itart^ 
Who (bch a bright jafrd poficlRM» 
' A« ebMfii^, which 
You cannot bewitdi» 
Bj cither yoargiid or tUdnffist 
Since you ha?e in vain^ 
Endeavoor^d to gnn. 
The fkvittt wott'd be her iMKiM/, 
Your wmtb tnoft be gr«t» 
And large jonr ijkti. 
To atoae ytfor attoopt on her mtn; 
Then fairhr importme 
The wifiMi ai a ji9i$0i 
' Much greater than jon have d^?*d: 
Fdt tiftue diit^lfaiaes ' 
Tlw pdodoA of niiotfe# 
And tneritt a noMttr regald. , 
Q. QiUAo 4»i^ Belinda m tmMf m m^ ibm^h^ 
i»g tym^ifibitig^, smdfiOfilbMfrifikrd H^fi ^^ 
fiurmi mfmmrkiM, tbm thy tm'tfi nmb Mi m- 
dmitbixmuiFfkim if^ ^*^ mMfaiSm gindir. lOw, 
Gnnlimith if bos ban m b^lkfsftti fi ^ ¥^ (^ Calif- 
lov ii^mrkr/, md I dlfsrt ti A»»» M^ *f m$dti bit 
and amfbici bit if bir sbfittd Jh^s^ i 
ipidity ! oh no. It i< rather a foTtof policj; 
the fair fex fitqnentljr puta ifl pinaice to ac- 
ift that defildi, Chcar uS tbeo» dl&oi&fokt* 
- ; * -'- • fwain. 







Sf4 ^ BRiTts^u Apollo. 

fwaia« rally up frefli fot ces, and reCokt with tber 
Poet, 

Nil fm^vftfn^ sua humHi tmi^t 

Nil mm^U lo^MMT, . 

I'll fcorn a mean, a vulgar liac, . 

I'll nothipg ivksk but what's (ii?ioe« 
The force of eloquence U very great, and there if 
no doubt but that the energy of yours will reduce toe 
exorbitant power of CaUfio's charm. It is the plea* 
ibre and pride of that ieic,. to tyrannize orer their 
admirers, and bring them to the fubjeftion of the 
meaneft yai&ls : But if, after all theft repeated onftts^ 
the confequence proves nnfiiccefiful, we muft at laft 
recommend youitothe old rennedy, vk* Patience, ^ 
not forgetting Htr0c§*$ petition to' Kimu. on tbe^like 
occafion. 

Bfigm^ fiMmi pigilk 

Tangi ebUm 0fil arwgmtwfg 

Goddeis that dops o'er love prefide,. 

Let ChUi for her Iaii2t»^ be try'd, . 

Scourge her, and make ^er ^xafe her pride. 
Q^ I r§Md in P|:overbs ib$ %^h. Jinn is thatfctUm^ 
tirewl tmdy$t mcnafith. 

A. The pcrfon thmfuutirtAt rnti ye$ mcrMfttlh is 
the liberal, the charitable man» Such the promifes 
annex t to the duty of charity i £ich the bleiungsthac 
frequently attend (tj that wmlt we give away^ a por- 
tion of our fubflance, fb we do it with prudence and 
difcretioo, we enlarge our (lore.. And tlxrefore (tho* 
a ieeming paradox) diyifion Js,eqttira)eo€ ta multi- 
^icatfon here, and fubftra^ioo in cpntriuri^y to its 
nature, beopmes addition. If we devour bread ta 
the hungry, .and^ in inaitation of our cb^itable Lord, 
be(h>wr»^ ^ 'tHTifivi lo4ve{ upon the needy, thefaint'- 
ing multitude, our poviiionsu will eifcrMfi iy ditrnm^ 
tm, ^tkd^\^ffM$mimf that OM\\/mim ^o us, will be* 
tjoeliii iftukitsfyiU. W$ need ;ip Ipng^r fo wend^ a^ 
the widowV'Crufe, at her ti^iraculous iupply. For the 
riches of the tender-hearted man, whafe bowels of 
compaiiion will notfuffcr him. toforg^ tkf fm^ ^tnd 



\ 



m€$dfypHOt only not diminHh* bat mukiply^ bjbis g&< 
serous donations. And therefore the corecouf, the 
icraping wretch is not more covecoas than inipoli- 
tick, while his very fmwmfnifs u 4ittle ^tter thaa 
frtfufiiufsyvad reduces him to that beggary be fo mncb 
dreads. For timi h (as the wife man imqaediatdy 
fabjoyns) timt imtbMith men ^tm^is mm, bta iitnkL' 

But if SoUmtm^t oUenratton be not always h'teraHy 
tme^ while fome of us fimtrt and yet not mweafei 
wo ihaU yet be iiire to experience the truth of it in 
a figurative, in a better fenfe. For the fwe^t> the 
comfortable, the raviihing reflexions, upon what we 
give toperibns in diftrefs, will afJR>rd us a more i^eai^ 
ing oooteot; a more delightful fatisfiidiaii in what 
we have, than if our com, and wim, tmd cjfl were to 
increafe. And indeed, he only enjoys his weakby-who 
views himielf under the notion of a fteward, and is 
therefore careful to make provifioo for his mafter'a 
houAiokL to^ive them thw 6n$d m imfinfm^ 

Q. I hirv$ htm^ngn^d to ^ yotmg Jau/j^ fimivmttp 
and vhm I cjum cutrfmythm,^ lacfUMmiid mjf/nmds 
with it, and ufid my utmifi mdtavmrs to gain mf di» 
fin, httt in vain ; herfrimis bmg mmh ag^^ it, modi 
mine tf the fame mnd. H^. neither rf tts hatmg anf, 
thing bta tehat ear friends fieefe to give tts, and tisey 
feenMtg en, beth fides to have an anmfian agak^ it; we 
Mb agrnd together to affeint a time in erder to r^fi 
each ether ; and when we met, ntf thne /he /aid eencem^ 
ing my J&fdeatgjt^.wat, thtkt flm weu^d never h my Mv- 
drance iflenre te marry anether, mtd that if fitefie me. 
go inte the ehso'ch fheweidd net ftit one hit te forbid it.^ 
;^tery, whether erna I may take this^ as a Jifeltarge frem 
her, and marry anether with afefe confeienee f 

A, Thole etpreilioQS of your miftreis are no man- 
ner of diichargCj jbut rather a demonftration of her. 
refentment. For though ihe feems unwilling tOi dil» 
charge you, yet we bq>e you entertain not io mesa 
an opinion of one, whom you thought worthy to 
be the objeft of your affedionsi as toimsgiDe, that: 

upon 



^^ 



«poii Y^r mmwa^ with «notbcr» (be woidd kqop 
ib far bdow htr SsMt u to forbid, tbe btaiUt at to 
tike fo mii«b aodoe of one* who wts ib vogeaerotts 
lis to forAke bdrr«iid fbrce ydu to mirry bar, i^lic- 
tber you would or no^ And iberefbre b)^ber refinr'd 
nfijp (be pbiiily iatimatesitbat your premt procteed-^ 
ioff are wbit (he no wtys eip€6M tt ybur bMds, 
lliat ber former ftntiments of you were ^uite of an- 
otber ttmn i tbit (bcf dwayt Mk'd upon you, aa ooc 
of fo eonAio^ (b merous a temper* as Wou*d ne- 
ver Se&tt to be di&gpfpdi but woaUfatbiBr. wait 
witb patienoe, till proftdciioe migbt puiE It in your 
power to diftfaarge your oUigatioas, to perform your 
pTomiieff*- 

Q*^ An MmumUmct ^nrnt^ vfo i$ i^fHmiUe to m- 
Jkrgem : Apmdtflm md $h$ tnk/knm§ ifm C p, 

tvgnMmik km fir d fria, tmd is mrA. litfitt ytm 
ifinm, wketbtr it h bnifid. fif tk$ .4iffHiitk$^ t§ keef 
tkt mmtfi^fir bis mm wfi^ m whttim hi ought mt to-givt 
klmms^f Tls9^fmfi»i[^kttd tkomi^smmn^tdd 
mtb^vi gtm tothi mifitr ifhisfimdlmdlttt hm bit 

Mf^0tm* ^ ' 

A As tbe wbole ttnie of an appirentiee ia hirma« 
Iter's pn^arty j fo wbateyer be earna dttnte his ap- 
preiitice(b]p» it bis maAfer*s gain. But to end tbe dU^ 
pnte at onoei in iueb ca(es» wby do not apprcoticeft 
aik tbeir maftei^s leave ? For if tb^ n»ly» "Fbat tl^ 
ane under apprebtttfi<iins» left tbeir maiers (bonld jre* 
Mk tbem ; it maf be readily retorted, wbatber tbi^ 
^ not loolc upon tbemfihwa aa under fiich obedience 
to tbeir mafter'a wBl, at not to o(&r at aiiy tbing^ 
wbich tbey imi^o tboo' ma(la*a wouki ooc tikm 
tbem id ? 

Q^ ^^ mm wkb tufi tntdfitttt nctfu 
With fiffiS psu9 msd isffimfii 
Ms rttrtuJmts smd ktufy fUks^ » 

Wbtft tf$n (tatisst bt trbtusfh fs^jpxf) 
jMfritfitm gttdf bad 90 dtfenti^ 
9Ht tbo JUigbt gmrd of mmomt i 

Vo 



No eUfimg iifctiti ibm cmUfle, 

Bsa Mnjkk m Md hmmfij : 

JUfm^i h amfirt to conffhot 

Tho growA ifJ)mfathotiek firo. 

Thai $ttUOi^dt Jul oafy'roid 

1^0* sUfhe 4)mmU ifwjpuA: 

Winch fitm*dfH$iro from evny pmrf. 

And mmih tho world bnumb her emtl 

B$a t0 eomfrlxjo in tm tho tefi i 

jb much AS mortal o^or wm kkfii ^ 

tVhkh Capid, that tn/Mng hoy. 

With omyfim, and grftd^d tbo joy : 

Hofic'd his aim, thm drtm his mw» 

letjfy 4 dart, andjhot mo ^hrf i 

U ^c*d my vtitis in o*ry fart, 

Andfent tho ttfoBm to rny heart. ': 

Jjtvain Ifirive to wremh it thentf^ 

In vain tofroidom claim fretoneo: 

In vain I vijh ■ ^tftill dej^^ 

Ifjfkks and clings^ and rankks theros 

J^d nam imfiohod o*ir in fire, 

I httm and langui/h with defiro : 

Grief, hope, andfiar pojfefs my mind, 

And difcontent in all I find, 

A, When roan lies all in?olT*d w!tb tktt^ 

Aod each acciflion ftrtves to plcafe i 

When pains, nor want, nor grief controul*. 

Thcvfoft reccflcs of his foul j 

Indulgent heav'n, left he forgets. 

The fource of all his benefits, 

And lazioefs fupine deftroy, 

(Rc/ign'd thereto) at laft his joy, 

Diflurbs the oulet of his breaft. 

The falfe delufion of his reft. 

To make him better thoughts attend; 

Of joys more folid in the end : 

Some he'n with pains, and fome chaftite 

With lofs of friends, and flowing tyesi 

With difappointments Ibme, find want. 

Tin their fal& notions they recant j 

mi' 



fifS ne British. ApoLLOk 

And fome he £uSct$ to defpair* 
Seduc'd b' allorcments.of the fair. 
Rouze then your foul with thoughs fublime;^ 
Aod (hake oIF each y which (hews a aime 
Beneath its glorious fc\(, let nought. 
Be into cogitation brought ; 
So all attacks you'll (bon defpife, y 

-^X^ether from, cares or grief they ri(e, >. 

7fv»f ^frfpmtmtnfjt 9r pur Sylvia'i ^f/. J 

Q. "Brtiyt what is the difftrfnce bttwun the firangwy 
wdftrMlgtdkih they being both meritica'd in the biUi of 
Adertnlity 9 

A. Both the(e words bear the (ame (ignification ; 
but the old women, the fearcbers, u(e them in a dif- 
ferent fen(ei underfbindine firangulion to be' a fuffb- 
cation of the lungs« which is altogether ridiculous- 

Q^ I mn sbeta twenty yews ' ffage^ and was never 
bleedid (ha vety ttft to Heed at the mfey. and have a 
icng time fmnd mi felf a little fcorbutick. I defire yowt 
opinion, whether I Jhotdd get any benefit by. bleeding, or 
whether J had beft to let it alone f 

A, It is our opinion, that bleeding will be of great 
benefit to you, fince it appears fo plainly that a -foil- 
nefs of blood attends you : Nor will it be lefs health- 
ful in rqgard to. your fcorbutick habit, the blood in 
fuch caies being ^nerally very corrupt. 

Q^WhatJart ^ fludy a young Gentleman that Is very 
filid, and hath wherewithal to profecute k, ought chiefy 
to afpfy Umfelf unto ; and whether the matherMticks is 
not the properefl fiudy f 

A. As z young Gentleman, plentifully provided 
hr, (hould endeavour after a competent knowledge in 
all the fciences, (b to what in a more particular man- 
ner to apply himfelf, he (hould ferioudy coniider, to 
what fort of dudy his geAius more particularly leads 
him. For wBatever be the dudy, which his genius 
cnclines him to, he may be fure of labouring with 
more fuccefs, and of making more confiderablc ad- 
vances in that than any other fiudy;. 



ne British Apollo*^ 8|9 

0:^1/1 dg thing, winch I thMs/m -, if his mm 
fin^ dom I emmit a fin, in a^iog thutt ^Mch Ithm^ht 

A. As to dp a floful a^ioa, while we think it in* 
xiocent, is a fin of ienorance, fe to do an innocent 
a^on, while we think it finfiil, is a m^nlfin. For 
confdence is the- immediato ftandard of good and 
eWi with, reiped to man ; and therefore a^ deWaiioii 
from that tmnaediate ftandard moft be confiquentif 
finfal. And of this you may make tt proper jndg* 
ment from one man's behaviour to another. For if 
your friend do any thing that proves ofienfive to you, 
but at the time of doing it is intircly ignorant that 
it won'd do fo, you never call his friendihlp into 
qweftion, never accuft him of infincerity, never Jay 
the damage you receive to his guiltlefi charge. Yoa 
never o£&r to do this, if under the guidance of rea- 
ion, under the condu^ of ^iicretion. But if your 
friend do any thing, that prbves inofienfive to yott» 
but at the time of doing it, is of opinion that it 
will prove ofFenfive, ydu immediately take it unc 
kindly at his hands, immediately refent hi* uofriendlf 
ofage, and expoflulate the caie for Co unezpeded n 
deportment. And in this, prudence will vindicate 
your behaviour, fince it is too flagrant to be denied, 
that however the iifue be of harmlefs coniequence, 
yet your friend who is ignorant of that harmlefs con- 
fequence, gives an evident demonilration that he is 
under no concern for your welfare, has no regard to 
your fecnrity, but refolvcs to gratify himlelf, to con- 
fult his own intereft, tbo' to the detriment, to the 
diiad vantage oPhis friend. It is eafy< therefore to de- 
termioe the cafe before us, finco men of reafon cdn^ 
flantly take their eftimate, of either a kind or injuri* 
ous treatment, from the witf, and* sot the tlitd. 

Not but that we may be fometimes guilty of a 
wilful fin, even while ignorant, that it is a fin : For 
perhaps our ignorance it an affefted ignorance. Per- 
haps we indoArioufly avoid the knowledge of our 
duty, becaufis unw^ing to perform. Perhaps we en^ 

deavoujp 



dttavome NOT u Imm our pMjbt's will, left we £hoJ^ 
be beiecn with many ftripes: NOT to- kaim Ms vHk 
that we may be beaten with few (tl;iat b» with iio> 

But tbp' our igoonnce be not aflededr jet it maf 
be the ]MroditA oTaguiity cafeleflnefi. Pcrbafw we are 
Hot fo diligent as we ought* to exaimine theaature o£ 
the aftions we are ready to perform \ to bring them^ 
to the toachAoae of impartial realbn i to ^y either 
the JMiMw^ or ibt fimt^ulmfi of tUUnl. Fb>bap» 
we do not ulc oar fiocere endeavours to know how 
to refiofe $b% tvil$ md tkuffi the goed^ to acquaint our 
iehres with our Ma|ter's p leaTure* to learn vhM$ $hr 
mil «f ih iMi iu And theKfore though whatever 
"be not of faith» is fia» yet the terms are not conver- 
tible'; yet it no way^ foUows,. that whatever is of 
fiiith, is not fio.^ Whence we are indi^nfiUy oUig'd 
to make aa induftrions u& of rea(bn> that candle of 
the Lord I to ftudy^ in proportion to the opportuni- 
ties we enjoy, the left obvious diftin^ons between 
vtktoe and vice » to read, to ponder,, to digeft the 
]kble» t\At dMy ^ii»i^frtm m bilff't frequently to per- 
nio thoiie inftru&ive writings, m which we are fure 
iM kaff§ iinml lifo. This we are indifpenfibly oblig'd 
to do, that we may bfs tho& blefled, thoi(e ever blef- 
&d fervtfntv ^ho both ko$m tim UriTs mill, md d^ 

k t99^ 

Q* $irh Xm m$ d$Jhd fy a- wetMJber u wwr £»» 
TmMTiMi ficinyi to wt^int ymr fukfcri&ir, vho ms a do* 
firt to mm tho m ^ drMviag and Ummg, vfloMt Sook is^ 
mo/I oonvmmtfor ayoimg ktgitmer t 

^. All we can gather from moft bopk» we have 
met with on that iiibjeft, '^ that the authors knew 
little of the Oitti themleives, i^or can the colouring part 
be deroOnfb'ated, but by OMSmflo as wall as fro^. 
Therefore, if you WQU'd be » proficient in that moft 
ingenious art* we adviie you tO' tmflr to no books- 
(by which you may gdn ofil)r ill habits» hard to be 
rdioquidi'd) but obtain the indruAiens and directi- 
ons of fiMiie Me m,i&^ If therci be any particulars 

Jon. 



Tie BnirisR A pox.1.0. ^1 

jfm wpold be refbfvM in, either rdatiiig to ifrvMg^^ 
frifirim ctlwtmg'f p/r^akiit ardtmumci^ fcc. perhaps 
me/xizj p7c you more &fisi9ift1on thcreio* thaii jom 
ynH meet with in any sitfthors. 

Q^Prtfmm, md hii^fartbt fiUm $nttf Ufdd to k 
MOmt Mul fimvhi$ ciutfis diib lajt^dmdmik melmh 

jg. The ufin^^f the ^leen remains as ret dilputiUQ; 
'but it is aeroed'on by noft, that it icnres in fome 
miik or PtberA to, the perj^ion of the Uoods ft 
that acconiing to its degrees of obfiniaioD» or i6abi- 
]lity of performing its office, it may be Hid to be de- 
fedife. And thoogh the learned .Dr. ^^lMm$ hadi 
derived the hypochondriack paifion from the vitious 
€0iiftitiiti<» of the ftomach, yet it is ipiputcd bj 
.moft phyfidanSf to t)ie vices of this boweL whence 
the blood becomiiig degenerate, and, tainted with me- 
Janchbllck fieadencilds^'is contfmia^ oommimicating 
,i$$ jdvJi rcq^em^ts to th^ brdA and nerves^, caufinf^ 
.that variiety of fancies* andiynptdms wl^ichqc^r i« 
this malady. 

Xi-HUm WA$ London-Aone fitfi mSiJ, knd whn 
WMtStf dtfy^ ^ its eri&iion i 

A* Jjondm-fitm was iirft ereded in the year 1414* 
and was theii ^efigfd to mark the eaftern boumh of 
tbis^eat city, ^ere.ace other Jittte niceties rdat- 
fsog to this luttory of this fion^, slf which yoii*Il fad 
in v5»sv, and ftveral.lat^' aothors. 

Q. / 4W ii pfrtimh mUhd'vt cw^ft HtHi^* lOo 

ferfitu M0M'wltS the vnmeal iifMfe^ fit fhtly Mnnn 

kdgtt I m not H€^iMmted with the tnti mgnud taup 

^ that difia^, I hmf$^ ttad ntw^f numrs m that 

fukjeB wkh9ta nitif fittisfawm : It not bmg p^mi im 

my ofimm, t^/ay, that th cauh is malign bmnomSi fcf 

fmms f9ks% &C. vhich bmg if heat ftst in mtimti ^^ 

ffifedt (kc. fit€9 that itti "wt ofCMtit fir its nal fitfi 

frinc^, it Jhe» hom gmfrMUit^c, witch is what I 

wam t4 kn9w ; \Thirefiri if ym can iafwm fkt^ sr fv- 

xommmd m%. to anj rational tnatifi that wiU» I JhaU 

^em it as a vtty gnat favour f 

mm* Sw 



fUmkym a tfitfm A^'t avili 

Wb9 wMs tht fiffi flMi^> 
tnbir gm/t jMmeto fb$ itiftmu tild de?il I 

Who §a.9k$ilfjier^, 
iAnd i»7^ 'tis a quefttco oioft chrS^ 

To make ^Mmi fij 

¥^001 bis liiroae ia tbe skjF* 
And fetch 700 up nevrs from thesUvtt* 

We'll make you to kno«r» 

That with eafi we c^n Itnw 
Both e^fe^iHid their pdmitive cau&Si 

Wbidi wc do to knpiove 

The good fwfk we love* 
Without itoiiog at mttd tiffhui^ 
) Kaow then that if «Ui 

A>Awi/>U^»didMd 
11ie*r#t«ffi next 4(4r </ the ilm^f 
« H)B was bl<ft «s iamc goes, 

Wfiho j^liy^rediiiiofer 
And his name it was J»mf Km^. 

. He was m/LfdUi togetho' 
With a difiM, caH'4 Oix^h JCdbr^ 

Afld tndSs two a& tis fiidi «. 

Gtoirfe they wanted a bed, ...^ ^ 
Made ufe of a butt ia thie cellar. 

Mean while it M\ out* • 

In the Areet was a rout; 
The ^Mfi&e/ could iearoe get along* 

And a pared of Iheq^ v 

Driving by ehanc^ to creep 
Clofe op to the wall iVom the throng; 

Fob wide 'were the grates. 

WUth made the Sua gates. 



Te 



^e British Apollo. 8(ff 

To let his light into the ggllar, 

Apd down fellji.rain. 

As black as old Ckanh 
While Kem^ ^a^ toying with. Jato. 

You may judge the Airprise, 

Made the pjay^fellow^ riie, 
IJiiuck this di%race h^d defigo'd 'ens* 

Uphalf n^ked they ran* 

Both woman and iQtn^ 
And fwore they'd .the deviJ behind 'em* 

Now the wag«. Sir, d' ye fce» 

As wags there will be» 
Bdog p}ea$*d with this pleafiat aJvtBtMn^ 

Gave the tavern the name» 

To poor ynnni^% fliame. 
By which you at preicot muft ealerJ 
Q. Tv9 thofm m fMkf% . 

Of marriagt^ vhwb U fmhieUglf^^i 
But tluu wbkhJc$h ^wxv 

htf mtudmbead JliU I retam^ 

l^ -w^t Jfiij njkgmity d^wt^ 
That tJus fiory my cmragi dots c^clt 

Th*t when maidenheads mnu 

Aod each ahtr grett^ , 

The firft ek'dd is sdmap nfeoU 

So Apollo, / fray^ym 

To fof^ if^Hs trste^ 
if not, I dtvtfifw. to^ njemure 

With A vtrgmthat^t chafte^ 

Who is not in hafle^ 
Ttii I ifavefu^Wd mysindenttsre, 
A, Whether idoocs we owe 

To fuch contract or no» 
To live (ingie we warn you the rather. 

Since your brood may take ftain 

From default of your brain* 
And re&mble their iniipid father. 
Vol. III. P p Q. 'Us 



I 



t66 l*be British Apollo. 

Q. "Us fit the lovely H-»i— ih that I hum, 
Tts fir the fweet, the vertMus Bi ■ me I mcum : 
jiml wofdil you, Sirst advife me thus to dje^ 
And never tell the nymph the reafon vhy t 

*Iis true, her merit fir exeeedeth mine^ 

And that*s the reafin why I do decU^e, 

To let her kntm to what degrees I pine. 
Say, JhaU I go, andftammer out my f^itft 
Or in fofi numbers find to teg reliefs 
Or JhaU I ftill indulge my humble fiars, 
And^ Hke a hermit ffond my days in tears t 

A. Since ihe excels in merit, 'twill not be 
An equal match, or jaft attempt in thee } 
To ftammer out thjr grief will never do» 
For they delight in paflions fmoothly £ow : 
Thy numbers pronmiie Icfi, thy tears but provc« 
Thy head is full of rheum, but not of love. 
The fureft jpfoof of paffion thou canft give. 
Is firft to fend the caufe, then ceafe to live. 

Q^ If lam a fiunder by trade, and take an affe^en^ 
tice, his indenture obliges me to teadf him the my fiery 
af my trade » NoWb Gentlemen, fifpofe I fpend a great 
deal if money in the inventing any thing mw in my 
trade, am I injuftice and duty bound to cammttmcate the 
inventim to my fervam, jmce, when I took him, I mdy 
fromii'd to make him amafier of hit bufnefs i which I 
can do, without communicating this to him, fmce no man 
pf the bufinefs can teach him more than I have taught 
him, without my teaching him this, fince, if he fhews it 
to one, and another to another, that whidf I might have 
got by^ by being common, becomes ufelefi to mo i 

A. As indentures fpecify, that a mafter muH teach 
his apprentice the myftcry of his trade, fo the word 
tnyftery Ognifies no more than what other mafters are 
generally acquainted with. And therefore no inden- 
tures, as ufualiy drawn up, can lay t mafter under an 
obligation of making to his apprentice any further dii^ 
covery.^ But maugre this, it may be ftiU objedcd, 
That i£ a mafter be ingenious at his bufinefs, this 
gnav bp the reason why the parents chofc to pat out 

their 



• ^ ■* 

Tfje British Ap6llo. 867' 

their child, rather to him thaa to^aoothcr* in expedbi- 
tion that he wou'd teach him to be more expert aod 
skilful in his' trade. ' And therefore the mafter by a 
concealment of a iecrer» does confequently of&nd, not 
againft any exprcG bargain, or the open tenures o£ 
the indentures, but againft a tacit kind of agreement 
cd^ertly implj'd* And for any one to offoid, even 
againft a tacit or imply'd agreement, this is fucb aa 
inftance of infincerity, as the refinU the fublimated 
precepts of the GofpeL will no ways juftify. But ia 
anfwer to this obje^ion, we wou'd obferve, that fuch 
cxpe^ations of the parents from the mafter, can, ia 
equity, reach no further than the common refults, the 
general ifTues of his extraordinary capacity and skil* 
, Falnefs in his occupation. For otherwife what en* 
couragemcnt can mafters have to be at the expence 
both of uncommon charge and uncompnon induftry 
in feme fiogular, improvements, if their apprentices* 
as ibon as from under their tuition, muft be co-part« 
ners in the profits ? It is abundantly fufficient, that 
tbey who are capable of making fuch Angular im- 
provements, are alio generally capable of inftru'^in^ 
their apprentices better than con(imon maAers, .in all 
the other particulars of their trade. But to prevent 
contentions and unreafonable expe£^ations, fuch raaders 
wou'd a£!: wifely and difcreetly, ihould tbey exprcfly, 
mention fuch equitable exceptions. 

Q^ In 1 Tim, iv. 14. we rtady Alexander the cop''' 
pci-fmith did me much evil, ^uery^ Who was that 
Alexander, and what harm had he done St, Paul ? It 
follows, the Lord reward him according to his works : 
Now is that imfrecation ef the jipofiU confifient with out 
Saviour's golden rule of blefTing them that curfe us, 
and praying for them that defpitefully ufe us and per- 
fccutc us ? 

ji. There is no other certainty coficerning this 

Alexander roention'd by the Apoftlc, than that he was 

> by occupation a coppcrfmlth, by inclination an e- 

1 ncmy to St. Paul, If he were the fame (as it is 

probable he was ) with that Jkxandtr brahded with 

P p 2 . BymeniHs 

L 



"^ 



S6S The Britis;h Apollo. 

HymenAus in Ta,\, 2,p. it foilows, that he was once 
ii member of the church' Catholick« but iifterwards 
excommunicated by this Apofblc. For of thoie two 
it is expcfly faid, whom I huve deliyt^d to Satan, a 
peripbrafis for whom I have excommunicated: And 
if this be the perfofl) from St. TauVs joinfng him 
with Hymenitust we may not improbably conclude, 
that they were' both chargeable with tbe fame crime. 
AntJ in i Him, if. i8. we thus read con cerriirig B^- 
men^us and Fhiktuit 'a>ho concerning the truth hive 'err'd^ 
faying^ the refurreiiion is faft already y and overthrow the 
faith offome. Whence it follows, that St, Paul there- 
fore look'd upon Alexander as his adveriary, as ono 
that had done him much evil> becaufe a broacher of 
herede ; a teacher of falfi doctrine ; a idenyer of that 
fundamental article, the rerurre6^ion of the dead ; a 
deluder of the weak and ignorant ; an enemy to tbe 
form if found wprds i and an oppofer of hiibrelf in 
that noble work, which he undertook upon no other 
principle than the glory of God, the honour of his 
Saviour, the benefit of his fellow creatures, the falva- 
tion of their immortal fouls. And therefore, fuppo- 
Ung that that cxpreflion, the Lord reward him accord" 
ing 10 his works, was intended as an imprqcatioD, it 
muft be allowed,, that this at leafl very nluch abates 
the feverity, the'hardincfs of it, fince he means it not 
as a perfonal revenge, but out of a fervent zeal for 
the^ progrcfs of fuch a faith as h pure and undefil'd, 
and therefore doth as much as fay in that expreflion 
' of the Pfalmift, Lord, revinge thou thiffe own caufe. 
But what, tho' the injury St. Taul received, be en- 
tirely perfonal, (ince the "ancient fathers unanimoufly 
agree, and that very rationally too, that the paiTage 
before us is not a curfe, but a predi6bioo ; is not an 
imprecation, but a prophefie, that the Lord SHOU'D 
reward him according to his works. And it is agreeable 
to the prophetical ftile, to uic the prcfent optative 
for the future indicative. And it h very obfcrvable, 
that the royal raanufcript reads it not dyrMn, but 
ffTfpf'u^ii 9 not the Lord reward him, but the Lord 

^ (hiiU 



The British Apollo. 8^5^ 

Jhj/dl or vill reward him, f^c. Here therefore the 
ApoAle no ways derogates in his prance from that 
engaging, that alloriog charader he elfewhere gives 
as of hioifelFi and others bis brethren In the faith, ^- 
mg revil'dy we kUfi i being ferfetuted, tH fitger. it t U- 
ing defam'dt w^ inireat. Who then (hall lay. any thing 
. of malicer aay thing of revenge to the charge of him» 
^whp could blefs his revilers, intreat his defamers, ami 
meekly fuffer the Ccvcrities of perfecution ? 

Q. r defire to know the meaning tf the grgttnSlhtg of 
jbe gMts» which, feme fer/ms hmte ttbm/i cmtimuiily^ mU 
■yet feel no ftm i , . . 

A*. This noiie in the Inteftines proceeds from • 
collc^ion of wind therein, thro' fafting and empti« 
ne(s \ which gradually {eekiog a paffige* and meet- 
ing with little or no obftrtt£tiou» Is at length diC> 
cfaarg'd without pain. 

Q^Supfo/e a fime was drop*d down from nfteefk^ or 
any high freeipice, whether ft falls fafier when it comet 
nearer the hottomx than when It was firfi drop*d I 

A* As the earth fs the eenter of gravitation tcf 
.all things within t;he region of this atmo^here, fo all 
fuUunary bodies ^avitate mo^e or lefs in proportioo 
to their vicinity to, or diftance from the earth* Whence 
it naturaUy follows,. that the motion of afione drop'd 
jfirom a fteeple is continually accelerated aa ic draw» 
.nearer to the ground. 

Q^ Where is Camphire founds and if T, that stm t^ 
emteh addiHed ta the pUafstres ef Venus, fltotttd take m 
Uttkef itf whether ar no it woted tteti ha prejeulieial to wf 
health I 

. A. Campbtre it Isroogbt to iit irom Chimt^ Japanir 
yav^i Borneo, and other parts of the E^Indies^ hciag, 
the gum or rofin of a tsill tree» not unlike a wdnut* 
tree. And tho' iRhafis, Zacatus, Lufitmtus^ and fome 
other authors of note, hold it to be an ej&tingaiflier 
of luft i jret (ince it is agreed on by the geiierality of 
writers^ that htmp is an eminent fpedifick in this cafr,. 
aotliiii^ ieems to fuit with your confiitu^tido. fo well 
Hi a Bridewell adminiflration. 

Fpj Qi^ 



870 The British Apollo. 

Q^ 7 havi A kng while itfr^d to know the mginal tf 
this f!;over&, viz,. Like Httm*s dog, neither go to church 
nor ilay at home ; and cculd think vf nm% fitter to re* 
folve this queftion than $h§ Brivish Apollo ? 

A, One HUNT a labouring maD» at a fmall town 
in Shropjhire kept a maftifF, who was very fond of 
following bis mafter up and down : I<tow HUNT 
wais a rdigiou$ man, and every Sunday in the after- 
noon went to church with all his family, and lock'd 
his maftifiFior the hoaie till he came back again. 

The dog it (eems unwilling to be left alone, com- 
plained in melancholy notes of fuch a difmai ibund, 
that all the village was didurb'd by his inceilant bowl- 
ings : This made HUNT refblve to take his dog to 
church next Sunday. 

The dog however, who perhaps bad formerly been 
beaten by the fexton for difturbing the congregation, 
cou'd be brought no further than the church door, 

^for there he^hung behind, and tug'd the firing by 
which hismafler held him. HUNT grew angry at 
the obftinacy of his inaftifF, and after having beat him 

'fbundly, and let him go, and with up-lifted hands and 
zealous accent, cry'd half- weeping \ Ob ! what viU 

> this world come tot my very dogs hate learn* d to frac^ 

' ti/e wickednefst and are neither contented to go to chterth, 
or to fiof at home. Good Lord deliver us. The people 
pleas'd to fee a man (b ferious upon fuch an occaHon, 
laug^^d poor HUNT and his dog into a commoa 

'proverb* 

CL l^f^ftf^^ tiomes Borax, and what are its epedHties f 

' jl. Borax it imported to us from Artnenia^ Maeo^ 
donia and Cyprsss, and is two- fold, either native or 

,fa£Htious: The native is a kind of mineral fait found 
in Silver, bra&, and copper mines ; 4nd fcarcely knowh 
to us: The fadlitious^ which is commonly ibid in 

•ihops, fs a compo/ition of faline bodies, and is dia- 
retick, healing, and aperitive. 

Q. MeJStfirs, me te do Franfli Troteftam^ me come 

, ^er for de religion^ and finco me httve eat do goode 
AogUfi) henf and de momm me have no tmidfer to go 

sum 



72»^ British ApoLLa. 871 

Mny mwe in Noxaaapdie, fif eet de garlix^ di grsnou* 
iUes, de chamfignoih nor vmt d» vo^den JJm, Me be^ 
pardon for dis trouble, and fray you for to give oncer t§ 
dij qHefiione, Sufpofe dot dere was peee^ and de Franlfi 
Zing make frockmatme for ail his fubjeB$ to return inSQ 
dare awn countre, and fromis'd liberie de confcience : Now 
de queftiono be, weder or no dey be obli£d to ob^t and 
leave do land de Canan for £gypc ? 

-rf. Dou callfl: dy felf dcFranJh Protcffant, but Jo'ft 
feem rader to proteft againft de ?oodeo fhooe, and de 
garlix, den againll de Popery s and we have great 
reafon to believe, dat de Anglijh beuf and de muttoa 
bold yoa vader by de tooths, den the Frotefiaat re- 
]i(hion by. de art. Derevore we hope de jQueeii: o€ 
Britain, vil fend you to 6j own land of ^gyfOt with« 
oat (laying vor de pece y and den dere wUl be ao ac- 
caHon to anAr de queftione. 

Q^ From Albion'j Uft^ towers^ where notfe confw% 
Terpetnal din, and reJUtfs clamottrs feign : 
To rural filitude I did retire. 
Where aU my hours revolv*d in balmy peace ; 
From toil, from care, and human amferfe free^ 
^cipt my faithful Corydoo» a friend 
iregnant with virtue, whofo capacious foul^ 
Sciential knowledge, eloquence fuHime, 
i>id coMprehend with i^fculapian arts, 
C Support to Wortals who're by^ nature fiaU) 
Our grief was mtttual, mutual were our joys,^ 
jtndjlri&eft harthony our fouls did join, 
€3ne beauteous fair did both mr hearts inffirey 
With equal ardour, and with equal flame. 
But I miSgnaiit, coofcious of his worthy 
Stifled my growing love, to him refign'd 
(What 09^ he defervd) the charming maid ^ 
And rivalfhip ( caufe of inteftine jars ) 
X>id knit the facred knot with firmer bands, 
jU length (Oh! dire reverfe to all my blifs i} 
The generous vouth, by irreji/llefs fate. 
And by ffis Konour*d parent's dread commands. 
Was foT^d to Utkve the darling of his breafl, 

Pp 4 jM 



^-71 The British Apollo. 

And thefe Mghtful)grovts^fir lands remott : 

ret, tW remw'd, ftillypur Mfamick lays 

M^ cmfm his mi our deji^ed fouls, 

And heal the fmart'mg fangs which abfence gtvtjt] 

AJfa/aghg every ^nxkus thought and care, > ' 

Chearing the ffkits of the drooping fair, >. 

And peace reftore to three, bpprefs'd with black defpair. } 

A. Where love ftupeodious, and fuch (hocking 

proofs 
Of friendnijp more fubh'ine, fo mix their ties. 
And bind afFe£):ion in a triple^knor, 
^ith firmnefs indifToluble and ftrong, 
Great is the happinefs which muft attend 
Your joys inceflant j But Oh! Greater far 
"Mud prbvc the grief, produc'd by abfence forc*d, 
"Where fbuJs united are by intcrcft's call, 
And gain attradlive, fuddenly disjoin'd. 
But Oh ! that mighty proof of love fupremc. 
Which to your rival friend your miftrefs gave> 
Will furc incline you to confider well 
That duty to his parent's will and fcarch 
.Of fure advantage fir ft his 'abfence wrought. 
Then will you eafily your peace regain. 
For friendfhip, on'ce iincere will fo remain, 
His joys are joys to you, his grief to you is pain 

Q^Whm^e is't that widows muji 6e won, 
IBy vfgorouffy pufhhg ont 
When maids that ne*er did tafie the fin, 
A man by fbw degrees muft win i 

A. The 'hiaid a profpedl hath of days. 
May give her thoice, and thence delays > 
But widows having pafs'd their prime. 
The value know of precious time. 

Q. / lorve, Apollo, and VU tell you why. 
It is not beauty that atlraSs my 'eye f 
No, that inflaming y that puijfant dart. 
Could never wound my faniy^ Ufs my heart s 
Nor is it riches, no^ that courted bait, ^ % 

Too mean 9» motive is t' a foul fo grfas. 

Nor 



i 



} 



Ithe &R i r i-s^iir A i> o l l o. 87 5 

Kar h it thcfe phantajiick jtySf whi^h bftver 
About iht wahtffn, unreclifimt^ lovtr ; 
Alas ! 'Fruition will the (hiii difcover. 
But Vis tm a£hv9f humbU^ vintitflus mind y 
J^fe (tre frm hantifs in thifimnU land: 
7?/ thefi t lave, from thefe tU pruer ftart ; 
And e're fU change" w^ love, TU change my hearti 
2hen, lights of natttre, I affeal tcjfm. 
If this afi^on te intire ma true ; 
^ this mil Uft. vhen crazy time's duO fUugh 
}VUl paint hit fUrrofWiM the (igfd hrow f 
.^'A* Virtue is ficauty always iii its fpnng^ 
Which every day wil| frcfli en; o^ merit bringi^ 
Beyond the reach of malices or the pow'r 
Of time, with teeth of iron to devoun 
Increafe of joys with that of diys it gives,* 
And when all other beauties diet it lives* 
The noble thought then cheriib, happy Twaiiii' 
A blifs you'll tafte which others feek in vain* , 
Q. Tqh*h a blockhead, Apollo, and if ever I meit ptti 
J^ George, ^ I can, lU heartily beat ym : . . ^ , ,. 
Xou're ti dc^ ^/a doublet ,^nd your /mjf aye no manner St 
fy their toughnefs, J judge they were' dli got bv'f^nnQtSi 
Wah a world of ill'bree^ingt.alndfafyr.Mfbmted^ 
Xou the widow af Ormond-flreet oaf^y affrmed s 
Had I then beta in town, as I'm now come among yel 
I had beat upyour tp^ters , and thrafh*djm to mummy y^ 
Tor as Vm a fotdter, J believe on mv word, 
There^s not one ofyqu all that, c'ar^ handle a fwwd. ; 
Why, ye foots, tm hex husband a taylor was known, 
She has. now twenty ihoufand goods pottnds of her Own-:. 
And were fht a fow, fince fhe's worth fo much money, 
Xm^d wade thro* her dirt to come at her honeys 
Know then Tm her lover, andjmce you're awarO on*t, 
Xau had bejf hold your tongues., and [ay more, if you darej 

,on*t. . 

- A. You callyourfclf fold icr, indeed„by Jour tluilcr, 
Tpu. may be (oroe faggot to pals at a mufter, 
If your midrefs, a$ taylor, is but a ninth parr. 
To make up the reft, fure appointed thou art ; 

P p ^^ And 



874 



fltfe British Apole.o. 

_ ~ • 

And between yon, one body compleat will be founi, 
Since fhe has the fubHance, and thou haft the (bund; 
Bur« methinks> grenadier, youVe inarching too hard 

on. 
Since, if fhe is injur'd, we muft not beg pardon. . 
That innocent maids love foft things; is no wonder. 
But no widow's plea^'d with a man who knocks 
under. 

Q. ji cmty is a thing, I real^ think» 
Wks mvar yet, by tmy^fim to 4rink, 
Jf thtre's 4t reafin for*t» AipcMo, Jhevf if. 
Why fo much ur'mt always runneth thro* U T 

A. Prom greens they fuck large quantities of jQi^r 
,Whick do the fame eSe^ as drinks produce. 

Q^I am a widow in great difirefst and have Been eb- 
hged to contraB many debts tofupport me and myfam^, 
which I am never tile to fay, 

I have an offer to be a houfe^keefer toanoldGentleman^ 
and hffromifes to fay all my debts, provide for myfamSy, 
^d provide fir me after his death ^ bttt I muft cofnfljf 
with him to be his bedfellow, I defireyoar advice^ whf' 
ther it be better to comply with him, or live ftill in tISis 
depiorable condition, and never be able ti fay my jafi 
debts f 

A, Tho* you Tswy defke to do jufticc to your 
creditors, and difcharge your debts, yet you cannot 
over look that golden, tho* too much negledled, rul^, 
J^t to do evif that good may come. But iince fbrnicatr- 
^n is fo palpable a fin, that you cannot but be* fcDfible, 
that no caufe, how great foever, can juftify your 
compliance^ you give us reafon to fufped^ at leall, 
that your fear of your creditors is more prevalent 
with you, than your juftice towards them. But 
what, will you (land in awe of men, of puny nior- 
t«l5, and yet not dread to oflfend your Maker > Td 
deliver your fclf from thbfe who cm confine your 
body, and after that have no more that they can do^ will 
"you venture to provoke the great A^cngtxiwha ca^ 
deflroy both foul and body in hell i To difcharge o^e debt 
cf «» hundred pence, dare you to contrafl another of ten 
t ■ . " C thcufind 



c 



The British Apollo. Sjf 

thou/and takntj f Are you intirelf fcukfs of your 
greateft Creditor* who» unlefs^oM agm with him quick' 
fy, while you are in the way with him, will infallibly 
eaft you into fri/oa f verily ( £iy's your tender Saviourr 
fays even he, who came down on purpofe to pay all 
your debts^ thou Jhtlt by no means come out thence till 
thou haft paid the uttermofi farthing. 

But you iay, that hence you (hall be able to make 

provifion for your felf and family, fiut, alas! to have 

recourfe to fo unwarraii(able a method for the fup-> 

port of your felf and family^ what is this but to di£» 

claim a providence* to withdraw your confidence fron» 

God« to truft in the arms tffltjhy and difcard that great 

Froveditor, on whom the eyes of all wait, that he may 

give them their meat in dsse feafin. Dare therefore to be 

innocent in fpite of poverty i be courageous to withw 

fiand the fin, tha$ does fo eaftbf hefet yoH i commit yeuf 

way unto the Lord, and repoi^ your depeodance upoa 

him, who is a Father to the fatherkis* and an hnf« 

band to the widow ; repofe it upon him, who has 

proa)is'd> and will perform it, dweU in the land, and 

be deling good (and therefore to be iiire be doing no 

evil, commit no fornication^ and verily thouJhaU be 

fed, 

Q^ Divines tell fss, that the fosd comes from God. Neve 
J defsre to know how we can be faid to be bom in fin, when 
our fouls der'rvefrom God i for nothing comes from him that 
is impure ? 

ji. From that pailage in the Ffalms, Behold I wae 
fijafen in iniquity, and mfm did my mother conceive me, 
fome ancient hereticks took occai^on to pafs fentence 
of , condemnation upon marriage, and impioufly to 
aHcrt, That the knowledge of a woman is an impure 
defilement, and an adl of fin $ as tbo' the meaning 
of the paflagc were, My father in begeu'mg mer and my 
mother in conceiving roe, wen chargeable with the com- 
mifjkn of fin> And to fuch hereticks does S. P^ia/ allude 
in. 1 2im* iv. z\ ^ where he calls the prohibition of 
marriage the dodvlrine of devils. But the true import 
of the wo£ds> at once takes away, one of the chief 

P p 6 .. founda^ 



*<f* 



Sj6, 7"^^ British Apollo. 

foundations of that heretical optnioo, and evidently 
ihews, that thdy contain a dodtrine no ways incon- 
Ment with that afTcttion, Thaf the Jml umes out of 
the hands cf its Creator, untainted with any manner of 
inapuritf . For here the FftUmifi elegantly difplays the 
original dcprtvity, the printiigeniar corruption of our 
nature, which we futfceflircly dcrivt from our lips'J 
from t)ttr ftnfcl parents. For as every thing bdgets its 
Hke> lb ft is natural tor corruption tb beget c6rru[$- 
t!on» jfs is the earthy, fueh mud be /% alfo vho have 
hm the image of the earthy. But fince the foul is not 
derif'd ex traduce, from tradition, but from immedi- 
ate creation, it follows, that original corruption de- 
fcends from ^dam to us, his poSerity, by thtJ medi- 
ation of the body, in which only we are capable of 
partaking of our parents fubf^ance. And radeed fuch 
iias been the conftitution of the body tvcv fintc xht 
fall, as ilrangeiy to fwiiy the fokl, that its bofom in- 
timate, as to create ayet'fenefs m the will to thfe t)tir- 
fuit of good i as to indine the afIe£lioiis to every 
evil work j as to caufe the pafHon^ to rebel againft 
the government of reafbn, and traitereroutly dethrone 
their Sovereign* Hence it is, that our inclinations to 
fin are flird, by the fchoolmen, ^•ptjf^et r^^wo^, the 
concupifceoce ef the flcfti. And therefore We may 
very properly be faid to be coneeiv'd irs fin, flnce^ at 
our very conception, we receive from our parents 
that material fubdance which contains thofe £tt^s, 
thofe principles of corruption, which are ready per- 
-haps to exert themfelves in fome meafnre and degree, 
as foon as the foul is united to the body. And there- 
fore fays the Vfalmift, The ungodly are froward even 
from their mother* stdinnh, 

Q* Mtm did the method of computing time from the 
year of our Lordfirfi begm ? 

A, Till the year of otir Lord 284, the ChriJIians 
univerfally made ofc of the heathen -computation^ as 
the ^RotMm Ab Ur6e Gondtta, froth the building of the 
city J the Grecian from the inftirution of the Olympic 
Came j the Antiochian from the rccover'd liberty of 
a the 



TTje British Afollo. 87^ 

the city of Aniwh, But iaafp;iach a^ T>i0dtfiMn {C9* 

partner with MaxMan ia the Empire of ttMut) to* 

wards the latter end of his reign rais'd a terrible per* 

fecucion againft the G&r^/4»i (whi^h js oall'd the tenth 

general perfecution) and no where difplay'd his Ibry 

with ihbre ieveritj tfaait in ^£ypt, theoce the ^gyfu* 

mn Chrifiians took occaiion to compute their time 

from 2>i0ti(/^'s advancement to the throne* which hap> 

pen'd the 284th year of Chrifl. And this computa- 

tioo> with fome dififerencp* the SihhpiMu ereo ftili 

make nCs of in their EcdeHaftical . accounts, tho' in 

civil matters they make uie of the common JEra, In 

the year f 32, while J^j^xmw was £m|>eror> Diamfms 

"Bscigtius inilituted the method of dating time ^om 

oor Saviour's Nativiiy, But as he computed it from 

the fir£l year of the Cy^Uof the Mc(m, and the 47 1 3th 

year of the Julian Period : fo Bede has fince coropu- 

tAS it from the fecond of the one» and the '47 14th 

of the other. Which con)put9tioa> as thus alter 'd 

by Bede, is the &me with that fve. now vulgarly make 

ttfe of. 

Q^ Histther or noy when m M, if ecvtring the fac$ 
vith the cionths will make ene pale, andif fo, what fheuld 
Se the reafm, and whether- wMefom » trnwhek fount 

A. The covering of the face cauies it to fweat, 
which, thro' the difcharge.of fpirits. aud bumoors* 
renders it pale i and it may be term'd wholefbm or 
unwholefom, according to the necefTiiry or unnecef^ 
fary pra6i:lce thereof. . ^ 

Q^ There being a young Lady that woi-nuatrf.^ fome 
time ago, to a man that was mafier of aU perfeHiau but 
having the misfortune of being fo dtif that he tan re- 
eeive no intelligence but. thro* a horn 3 hut when he it in 
bedy he can hear as well as any body can^ withotit his 
horn J Fray, tell me the reafon of his hearing fo well ih bed, 
when he cannot hear fo well when he is up i . .\ 

. A* Horns are really very troubfefotn furniture, and 
*th. we muft confcfs, the Gentleman's great misfor- 
tilne to be troubled with. them : Yet hath he fuch 
an advantage, as to make a virtue of ncccflly, and to 

make 




87S ^^^ British Apollo. 

make that ufeful to him, which proves no fmall a£- 
fiidiion to ochdrs. But^it may be thro' the clofenefi 
and ffilloefs of the place, and the vicinity of his lov^ 
ing l?ed-fel!ow, that the voice is there more readily 
coDvey'd to ^e ear, than in other places. 

Q^ Why dgih faliy be'mg thrown into the fire, frojttce 
Judf a 6lew'tjh flame ? 

A. That biewifh flame proceeds from fome few 
particles of fulphur, v^hich are intermixed with it. 

Q^ Th^e wtt$ a time when fair Panthaea*^ eyes 
TiWd tt^ry heart with wonder andfurprize j 
XA* MJmirm^ crot^d ^th pride her laws obe^y 
Ten thoufandcaftrves own her dazUng fwayt ' 

And at her feet their filemn homage fay. 
Her fraife alone engroff'd the voice of fame, 
Whlfi Mling ectho doe$ her worth proclaim, 
WoodSi hiUs, and dalet, refoand with fair PanthseaV 

name* 
Among fi the number of her kve-fick fwams, 
1 hv*d the charmeri told het all my pains : 
Long time Jftrove her flinty heart to move. 
Long time, alas ! mj labours frwttefs prove. 
Until at length ( Hefl found t ) fhe whifpering fsgh'd, 

I Uve. 
Who eon deferibe the tranfports fiWd my fouh 
7h* extatkk pleafures thre' my fenfef roU f 
Jnfautt'rmg accents I my 'thanks expreft, 
Whilft k(df'6reath*dfighs and vows imperfeSl fpohe the refl: 
With fokfim itows fhe fwere fhe wotdd be rmne. 
Nor to another e'er her charms refign, 
Mut oh ! ■ • • I 

Who ever rightfy knew the charming race ? 
U^ can the ftdfe feducing fair ones trace, 
Thfro* all the wild Maanders where they Jiray, 
And lead us blind-fold in a pathlefs way f 
Wh^fth eneeurag'd bf her flattering fmiles, 
Hofd for the blefl reward of all my toils \ 
The fair, regardUfs of her vows and fame, y. 

Wholly regardlefs of my facred flame, L 

"Bjafljly^ inftead of me, ejfpous'd dt/grace and flam f» i 

A mii^i 



T^^Britisu Apollo." 87^ 

A, ntlgWnng fwaln fedtud the kvly maid, y 

By whoft enticing treach'rom nnfs bettnifd, S. 

She's new to luft and t'^^ ^ Jhameful viStim made, j 

Nowt now Jhe fiohfhm her ence envy' d height. 

Like falling angels cloath^d in fiU^'d robes of light. 

Tet mighty Bards i ■ 

TotiT foweyful lays "vhich check each bsftftslflamet 

Ihofe might e'en yet the fugitive reclaim: 

Then tune, ye Deiians, tune your warbling lyre. 

Tour matchlefs ftrains the charmer Jhall in/pire. 

Free J^ from vice, and quench each loofe defire. 

ji, Conlider fair Famhea, e'er too lace. 
E'er {hame and fbrrow arc confirtif d your fate > 
Tbat blots impre({ upon a ground Co bright. 
Look blacker than the fllades of fable night. 
Tbat falling angclfr more confpicuous fliow^ 
In uglinefs, than word of forms below. 
Conlider your (hort plcafures (purchas'd dear^ 
li4ake you the fcorn of all the virtuous fair, 
Tbat banifh'd their converfe, you'll (lalk alone. 
Or worfe, be orjy to loach'd* wretcbci kuown» 
Confider ]a(^, the horrors of that dooro> 
Which mud:, alas ! inevitably come. 

Return then, whilft there is a glympfe of hope> 
Return, whilft yet the gate of mercy's ope $ 
Let flouds of tears wafh all your ftains away. 
And'let a Magdalene the path difplay: 
So (hall you bereftor'd to peace again, 
From prcfent (hame relcas'd, and future pain. 
Q^ Good Mr. Phoebus, 
in otnmbus rebus. 

So wife andfo wondrous witty. 
In defence of the town, 
Whicn you think to run downl 

Sttindfair, for I mean now to hit yotc* 
Tou no longer Jhall reign. 
Like ?hi\tp in Spain, 

WithQHt ay right or frttenfon : 



V 



S8o The BRiTisH ApoLt^o* 

If I ckny Jorhethjnj^ frovi, 

That wU make ym remoye, ., » 
7!hen fay^ fm not good at hvu^m*. 

'Tist that you're a chefU^ ^^ 

Not Apoiio the gr'eait . 
Whofo kindly at Delphos did/mde-y. 

For he, as mofi knew. 

Run away long agOf 
And left the difconfolate ijlel 

Nor areyeu his f my . ^ 

For he ne*er had but one, 
^nd he teas thrown headlong by Jove : 

Ipor medling like you, 

(And as moji ajfes do} 
With that which they know nothing of* 

Nor have you pretence. 

For his fortion cf fonfe. 
Like him to be called Apollo i 

For your packets Jo full, 
. Of Pro and Con dull. 
Trove vour crown to be wretchedly /halloWi- ~ 

Jf this you confute, 
And in.your next do^t. 
Til be fo fubmijfively civil i 

That J'U puliickty own 

To all in the town^ i 

Tou^re a match even fit for the D ■ /. 
A, Pretending to hit as. 

You fooliflbly twit us, 
With notions affronting the town^ 

WhiJft in its defence. 

You bring the weak fcnfc 
Which, languifhiog, -lies in your crown : 

Your omnibus rebus 

For rhimibg to Phoebus, 
Which hundreds have fcnt us before^ 

Shews how noucfa pretenfion 

You have to invention,' 
And how your great learning runs o'er, 



V N 



Don 



. 71&^ British* Apollo. 88i 

Don Philip of Sfain, 

Will iafcly remain, 

/nd cas'Iy fccure cv'ry pafs, - 

1£ they who attack, . 

Should brains as much Tack, j/' 

As this our bold hectoring afs. 
That the God did remove 
Long (ince, you wouVJ prove. 
When 'cwasi but from fuch Barren ground. 
In the fertfler foil, 
Of this happy ille, 
He's as eafy as e'er to be found. 
'Tis ien'rantly done, 
To talk of one fbn. 
Since of all whom the God Soes inQ)irc» 
Thofe notions which (hine. 
Shews their birth arc divine. 
And thence 'tis they call him their fire. 
His Haeion's fall 

Did caution us all, :r 

A judgriicnt more ballanc*J to (liow. 
Nor doubt we to fly> 
Till we fcafcely fhall fpy 
Thee, a poor crawling ihtcQ, below. 
Q. ^ certain ferfm tpho wU not 6e herfnaiedcf tii 
ntcejpty efbaptifmt would not fitffir hts children to btbttp^ 
tiz/d, one of them being at age, perjftjij in his f4ther*s opi' 
nion. Now query, whether he can be Jav'd without faith 
and repentance in bapttfm j and whether he may be call*d 
'aChriJian! 

A, The prqmi/cs of the Gofpcl arc made to none 
l)ut thofe who arc admitted members oT the'cTiurcli 
'by the facraraent of baptffm. Whofiever, fays our 
bleflcd Lord, believeth, and h baptized, Jhall bo faved* 
Not whofoever believcth only, but whofoevdr both 
believeth and is baptized withal. But where any one's 
refufal of that facred ordinance proceeds, not from ati 
afFcfted, or a carelcfs, *bqt from a blamelcfs, an in- 
vincible ignorance, inflcad of rafhly judgioe, of im- 
prudently condemning "hitn. We ihould do octtcr to 

lcav.e 



1 

I 

I 

^88z The British Apollo. ♦ 

leave him to the mercy of that God, who may. p^ 
don, where he has not promis'd, may vouchfafe re<* 
mKTion, whete he has not oblig'd himfelf to do it. 
But happy thofe, whom ba^tifm enables to challenge 
the performance of a promife, to lay claim to the af- 
furance confequent to an^ obligation. But what.ihall ^ 
we fay of thofe, whom obilinacy blinds, wboie coo- ' 
tempt of that heavenly inilitution owes its unhappy 
rife to a perverfe, to a refraftory temper ? Such men 
would go to heaven on their own ferms, exped the \ 
beatiHck vifion on their own conditions, and will I 
not allow the author of their future happinefs to pro- | 
pofe the method of obtaining it. 

Perfbns as yet unbaptizM may be mifcali'd indeed, 
but not call'd Chridians, iince, as a Chriflian and a 
member of the Church Catholick are equivalent ex- 
prcflions, fb the Gofpel acquaints us with no other 
way of becoming fucb a member, than by the ne- 
cciTary, the indifpenfible neccflary rite of baptifm. ' 

Q^I am (U frefent CaMahigian, an J fo 1 have bm i 
fhtfe two years^ hut hefon 1 vas admitted^ I cafi mjf af- '. 
fthmt Hpm U young Lady<, a ckr^man*s daughter, fr \ 
Seauty and education not dej^fable, hut a ftrfm whom I 
Uve intirefy, I have made my addrejfes to her, and am 
^ received $ i»e have kept up a friendly eerrej^aulence /9- 
gether feme cmfiderahle timty by Utters, though prhatelii} 
hut as iU-luck l^otdd have it ute have had letters mttf* 
' cepted, which has caused a great deal cf unhapfinefi ih 
twetn Us, efpeeialfy to me, who have mcur*d thi*difpUA' 
fure if my parents and f articular friends thereby, Tar ym 
mu/i know, that this Lady has but little or no fortune, 
and in Jhort^ money has been the caufe of aU this diflrMC' 
tion» ^uty on one fide forbids me, love on the ither e^s 
on my wiUing mind, to perfifi in my undertaking $ it 
what to do I know not. Here therefore your judgment {<» 
which i mightily depend) is to take place, ' Let me there^ 
fore horeat you (urging that *twill be a great piece <f 
charity) to haften the fiUttion of this my demand. 

uf . Your afFcftions fugged to you, that your pre- 
&ni happioeis depends upon tiie accompllihment of 

your 



^7^ British Apollo, 885 

your ^eiire i and your education teacSes you« that 
your future welfare will be confequent to the per- 
tormance of your duty. But where the one unfor- 
tunately interferes with the other, we need not re- 
jnind a member of the Uniyerfity, that the fitffermgt 
nf this fh/ent time nn not worthy to bo eomfa/d with 
the gmj winch pM be reveaVd in us. But the beft» 
nay% the only method to reconcile fucb inconfiftent 
intereftsy and make them amicably unite together, is, 
firft .to coniider, that your parents have no more than 
a negative voice, and in confequence of this, to wafc 
with patience and fubmifTion, till the fcene be chang* 
cd, till the proipe^ be inverted, and providence (hall 
^gracioufly vouchfafe to crown your wiihes wi^h 
their deiir'd fuccefs. But the mean while you muft 
be careful to take rcfage in that godlinefs which is fro* 
ftubk unto mU things, having the fromife ef the life that 
now ist an J of that which is to come, 'But if the Lady 
be impatient of delay, and not willing to prefer her 
love for you to any intermediate opportunity, that 
(hall prefent itfelf, you may comfort your ielf under 
your misfortunes, with the pertinent reflexion, that 
yon were not in fo abfolutc poffeffion of her heart, 
as you might fondly imagine, and that (he is palpably 
deficient in one of the principal accompli(hments> that 
^ouid {o recommend her to a prudent lover, as to 
engrofs his intire affc^ions, namely, that of con* 
llancy. 

Q. Ifbence proceeA a fudden ft or ting in one^s fteef f 

Ji. It proceeds from divers, caufes, as irightful 
Creates, malignant vapours offending the brain; con- 
vuliions of the nerves, and other d\£oxdtTi incident to 
iickly con(litiitions« 

Q^ ffhether or no (according to our modem method of 
JpeWng) you make IcsiA ft and both for a note of prohibition^ 
and the fup^Utive degree in quantity f 

ji. The word, which you are pleaied to call a not< 
of prohibition, is not a note, but a particle of pro- 
iiibitioif. For the wprd Utote, does not belong to the 
parts of fpeech, but to what we call Stofs, as a note 

of 



884 ^^ British Apollo^ 

of interrogation, or admiration. BcBdes, the word 
Zeji is a particle or adverb, not only of prohibition, 
but alio of debortation, and therefore your definition 
is but a partial one. The word ,as thus, Lmft, or 
thus Left Jpelt, is too frequently promifcuoufly writ- 
ten for both the particular and the fuperiative decree: 
butfopromifcuousa ufage of the word, af ponipos'd 
of the fame letters, is not fo agreeable to the modern 
Yules of Orthoefek, And therefore Left is the parti- 
cle, and Lenfi the fuperlative degree. 

Q. P0iy red hair, formerly fo much Admhr*d» vaa 
Mf of fajhlon, alias famy, tmd whj bUck came fo much 
in f 

A. It IS a niiftake, it was a bright yellow, not reiJ 
hair, allow 'd of for a perfedion among thp poets. Tho' 
we believe the fame colours are equally admir'd now 
as then, according to the various fancies of people, 
and the different humours of fcvcral countries : Wh^t 
might probably give occaCon to the ppcts to diftin- 
guiHi that colom*, might be from obferving that the 
greateii beauties have been, Iby the moil famous Jrtiils, 
painted with fuch hair \ but that was only to ^iye a 
warmth to it (a principal beauty in painting) and let 
any ftridty examine the works of oi^r befl modem 
mailers, they will finda.great many yellowiih, ^glov^ 
ing firokes, in the hair of fuch perfbns, who natu* 
rally have t!he paled, afh-colour'd hair ; nor would 
the pidlure look well, if nature were exadly copy'd 
thereia. . . 

(^ Z have madi choice of, i^^vfortfy Jriendt < whofi werA 
and [mcfrity I dm very iofell ajur'd^of^ Sho tn^itoi to'm 
after the moft affeSiionaie, tender,^ endearw^foofmer imor 
ginaSli, But when we are in cwnpanf t^ttbir^ fho it 
a perfe^ contradjBion to her lettors. She likes the liberties 
X tdko with her, but ftill continues refirv*d t^ mo, 
. Bffw fhall I frtvad with her to.ft^w me 4f wtich 
kkdnefs when prefentp as when diftant f or-tntfftj.cmteni 
wyf elf with thi benefit (f her fritndjh'f, withut the flesh 
fitreefit i 



fie British Ap^QiLLa 88f 

A. Madam, we ice no reason whj you fhould the 
Icaft doubt tbc (incci:ity of tbc Lady's fricndihipj ilncc 
what is writ, is a furer demonflration of the difpo- 
ficioQ of the miad, being the e£Pcdl of deliberation and 
iecond thoughts, than what U ipoken only : ^nd ail^ 
are more cautious of what they give under their hands, 
Jeft it becpme an'evidedce againd them. The reafoa 
of that feeming refervednefs fn her in converfatioo,^ 
mayarifc from an unhappy temper ( that epithet mgy 
motr jQlHy be apply'd in point of rricndfliipj whfch 
allows not that prefence of mind, which fome are for- 
tunate in i and this feems the rather {b> becaufe (he 
is plea$*d with the liWrtics you take. 

Q. W% Jhotdd Crocus, or Saffron^ •which is rf a red 
colour whtn Soiled^ or Jleefed in any liquor, make it yel" 
lovf - 

^ We beg leave fo far to objedl again ft your rf. 
fertion, in relation to the C9lour,"as to fay, that it 
more naturally difplays a golden colour, "than a red . 
one, and then it is nd wonder why its infuHons are 
of the like hue. ' . ' \ . 

Q. Learned Apollo, tell mo why. 
The larh which foar fi very high. 
On their return are always fossnd. 
To take their lodging on the ground : 
Why on high trees don't they fepofe. 
Or in the hedge, as others does i. 
As feoms fnofi properly incUn'd, ^ . 

To fuit their l^ty to^foYmg tmnd f]',. 

A. To ihun the harfti. dilcordant note« 
Of fy Ivan, and promifcuous throats. 
The lark afcends an higher fphere, - 
And joys to (ing her anthems there. 
Till with an humble flight ppfTeft, 
She fceks the lowcft place for reft : 
As wifely judging on the ground 
The fafeft feat is always found. 
A moft pathetick emblem this. 
To digit out the furcft blifs j 
Teaching that grandeur's moft refin'd. 
When 'tis with condcfccnfion joyn'd. Q^B#4r 



88(5 The British Apollo. 

Q. Dear aU-knowifig Sol, fin of Laton an J Jovc,^ 

S^, whence this oU freverb took bearings 
That fiitten-conH-flnte's the beginning rfhve, 

And 4 t I d in your teeth is no fwearingm 
Tho^ the query be coarfe, 'don*t think that I finttyo/t, 

JSy thy thwuTring dad in the ify, 
I [hould not have ask*d, could I tell it mthout you, 

' Nor wofdd I provoke you not L 
Cb y Kn y, . Vcrtuofo Smmmmmri 

A* Joan P/tffX: being catch'd at a time by heripark» 

To coQCeal ft, (he yielded with fpeeds 
Quoth hti Jhitten-come-Jhite^s the beginning ofkve^ 

And io they moft fwcetly agreed. 
One BuUock was fet in the flocks for an oath. 

And finding the (liame above bearing, 
Cry*d out to the conftable, in a great wrath, ^ 

WeU, a ti .d in your teeth is no fwearing. 

Q. As late in Morpheus leaden arms I lay. 
To my recefs, an envoy fnatch*d his vay ^ 
Fraught with the news of dear Piofa'/ death. 
Who fuddenki it feems, refy^d hfr breath : 
Wakingy and fear d, did I with horror cry. 
Oh fate ! had I butfeen Piofa dye -, 
The haffy Jhe^ that gave Melofii birth. 
Bad I behold her fudden flight from earth. 
Then fatisfa^ion had o^enefme my griefs 
But I, alas ! mourn 'thout 'the leafi relief 
Thus reafon nor religion can expel, 
the grirfthat does my tmur*d bofom fpeU : 
7hatjhe*s fecure in btefs'd Elifium j plains 
Alas ! no Jhadaw ef a doubt remains 
Then, dearefi youths ^ feme pity now exirf* 
And beams of comfort to my mind impart » 
Teil me from whence the boding vifion came^ ' 
That did Piofa'j fudden Heath proclaim i 
And why I thus lament the happy dufi, 
Of her, that dy*d fi welt, and Itv'dfo jufi i 
Speak, facred oracle, my tears regard, 
jkor longer let your gracious ears be bar*d , 

Pfhat 



T^e British Apollo. 887 

T07at the* my mufe is frd and nnfolite^ 

Htr Icve's fincere, and all her thoughts an white* 

A, 'Twas mighty love that forc*d the dreaful veol^ 
Love* that's immortal fure, the meiTage feat. 
For 'tis not fate, with all her pow'r controuU, 
Or bars the blifs of fy mpathizipg ibuls \ 
And as your better halPs entomb'd and gone^ 
We need not ftudy to derive your moan« 
Your mu{e then lummon to prepare her flight« 
Lethertranfport you through the realms of light 5 
Still foar aloft, through liquid skies repair, 
And Afdy wfng you to Elifian air ; 
If there with refidence Vio[a*% \i\t{%*^^ 
Then fhall MiUfa be with recent joy9 poflefs'd. 

Q; Oft havt I read your lines, admir'd yem wii, 
^m ftiU I find Vm the reverfe to it. 
And though yeu bddly teurjt to the shy, 
Hwitd^ym firfi your tender fimons try t 
Say, 6y what means the art J may acquire, 
Toftpfmyboundkfs wifli, and. quench m' inflamed defire ? 

A. To find your wants, in one fure way to rife 
To fenfe, for none but fach are counted wife. 
Boldly attempt ! if nature be unkind. 
Denying aid to your afpiring mind ; 
Decline (contented with your humble fate) 
For art, tho' it may mend, it never can create. 

<^ f^fether it be mt uncharitable to curfe mr neigh- 
bout, as the office ^ cemmination enjoyns us f 

A. The curfes repeated in the commination office 
are taken out of the Mofaick Law, and therefore 
were pronodnc'd by God himfelf. And when to 
thefe we fubjoin Amen, we do no more than fay, the 
will of the Lord be done, who has entail'd a curfc 
upon each of theie wicked pra6lices. And as it is our 
duty to ceiign our feires intirely to the pleafure of 
the Almighty, to acquiefce in all the^ proceedings of 
our Maker, ihall we refufe to acknowledge the ju- 
(lice of the great avenger, tp fay, Righteous art thou, 
O Lard, who in the Gofpel as well as in the Law» 
hath made fin and puniibment to go hand in hand, to 

go 



858 7^^ Britisi^ Apoll.©. 

go alwftys band in handy unleis repentaace lotervctA 
and ward o£F the blow? 

Q^ Wha$ reafin hud Cain to 6e afrmd rf Uf^ fl^m 
Gen. iv. x j. ivhereas tot do not read that there vus_ m^ 
more than two befides hhn thm in being ? 
ppho was Cain'/ wifef far the reafin aforefaid t 
A* Tho* the Scriptures don't take notice of anj o^' 
ther perfons before that time, yet neither do th^j iayy 
that there were no other : And fure Scripture fileace 
can never be admitted for an argument without par- 
ticular reafons to enforce it. And therefore we may 
reafbnably fuppofe» that fbme at leaft of thofe ions 
and daughters mentioned in Qm, ▼. to be born to 
Adam^ were in being before that time. And this is 
^ alio a /olutjon of your fecond quedion. 

0^/0 the flory ^Soloroon'i ^uignHni I Kings xxvL 
27. 09 reading the words mcel^, to which woman. do tb&f. 
appoint the living chiUt actor ding to thejlricl rtdfs of 
Grammar t 

A. Since Solomon (kys, give her the child ^ the ftri£b 
rules of .-Gran^jnar,' were there nothing t\£t to deter- 
mine it^ wou'd refer the words to the laft ipeaker, 
who was the woman that wou'd have the child di- 
vided. But here we may reafonably fuppoic, that So* 
i(7»M0 pointed to the womgn, who out of tendernefs 
for her child, choie rath(|r to. part with \t iq her 
competitor tiian have it> flain > by fo inhuman a dtvi- 
iion. And then tbf fir id: rules of. prammiir. will reftsr 
' the .words to the perfon h? pointed to,. 

Q. Gentlemen f 'Tis a hard fiafon^ and J do^bt not a 

time wherein charity may be very fiafinabU, It hath 

pleafid God to give ,me fime fidflance in jhe world more 

than fupports my filf and family j and from divers other 

confiderations C^'^') ^^ children^ no focffr relations^ very 

great, and an interrupted ftate, andfourfe of health* &c. 

From the whole. I cannot , but from the providence of God^ 

judge, but he does in an effential mariner call to me to do . 

good. Now I am much at a lofi with refpeS to the ob^ 

je^s of charity i for loath would I that, a real objeB 

dhofidp awy mrelieved., I pray, what methfid fl^^ ^ 

taktf 



I'Ae^ British Apollo. 88p 

fake, feeing hoth the deferv'mg and undeferving prefent 
themfeheSf what fruderft meafures /hall I take, to kncv 
9ne from another, that fo the real poor may he helped^ and 
the iax.y idle poor dtffourag*d I 

ui, Excellent the conciufion which you dravtr from 
your flowing circumftanccs, from your profperous 
eUatc, namdy, that the kind, the bountiful bcflower 
of the fabllance you enjoy, has appointed you a ftew-* 
ard of his houfhold, to fiU the hungry with good things, 
to make provifion £ot the poor and needy, to give 
them their meat in due feafon. And we cainot but 
think you worthy of double honour in that you are de- 
iirous, not only to be a Reward, but a wife (Reward* 
dcfirotts to make choice of the moft deferving obje^s 
td relieve the undifguis*d ncccflitous, but yi»i pretend- 
ing counterfeits empty away. You acquit your felf a 
very faithful difpenfor of your maftcr's bounty, while 
you neither retain too large a portion to your felf, 
nor yet arc willing to take the childrens bread and eafl 
it to the dogs, Tho* yet, not wit branding your moft 
cautious induftry, the dogs will fbmctimes ent of thi 
meat which falls from the childrms fable. We perceive, 
that you have icarn'd a very ufeful leflbn from the 
inclemency of the weather { hare learn'd from what 
of courfe you muft have felt of it your felf, t;o pity 
thofc m ferable pcrfons, who muft feel it more j ac- 
cording to the compafHonate Bido in the poet > 

Haud tgnara malt mferis fuccurrere difco. 

But as for the worthinefs of objcds, it is an ob- 
fervation not more common than deferving o^r ic- 
gard, that there are none more worthy than decay 'd 
diftrefs'd houfe- keepers, and thofe unhappy peribns 
who cannot dtg, and yet to beg they are ajljam d. And 
as fome tradefmcn have fijffcr'd more partic^ularly 
from the Severity of the feafon, and their families been 
reduc'd to very great extremities, fo you wou*d do 
wtll to ufe an induftrious application in thefearching 
out fuch as thefe ; You ^ouM do well to enquire of 
your acquaintance, whom they can reccm=rr.end, ei- 
ther upon their own knowledge, cr the W^^l atteflcd 

Vol. III. Q^q " afTurancc 



8po The British Apollo. 

aflarancc of their creditable friends. But if your tno^ ^ 
iJcfty will not fuffcr you to be known rf men Ctho* 
to be known of them with fo excellent an intention 
is no violation of the rule of fccrecy ) you may em- 
ploy your mod intimate companions, your bofom 
confidents in ib commendable a fear cb. 

But amid ft the various objeds that unfortunately 
•bound, we cannot, wc muft not overlook the new 
crt6ked fcboola of charity, thofc feminaries of p cty, 
tbofe nurfcrics of reh'gion. Here, flnce you fay, chat 
you have no children, you may yet have chHdren tu 
your defiut in that you may enable your fclf to fay 
of fome of thefe in allufion to a charitable, to a ten- 
der Job, they vere ^ou^ uf with me as with a Father, 
Here you may behold ( fmcc the difcovery of real 
jclb}t6ks is your principalinquifition) here you may 
take a view of unfeign'd want, of undiflembled ne- 
ccfTities, of unafFcded poverty. Here you may be- 
come at once, both a father to the fathcrlefs, and aa 
husband to the widow. Happy the n>an who thus 
fcMiereth abroad^ who giveth to fuch foor as thcfc j his 
fightewfnffi rema'meth for ever^ 

Q. MfOi is the wind f 

A, The wind is a more than ordinary commotion 
of the air, and of the vapours which it carries with it. 

Q^ / WM much furfrtz.'d when 1 faw your anfwer te 
the word inauguration, applying it to the ^th of March, ^ 
wi^n the vord in the DtBionary gives it to c$nfecratien 
and inJIaUat/on, and dedication. The medal ftruck fm 
the coronation^ calls the z^d of April inauguration day. 
Do^or Hcylin in his Cefmografky^ page x^^i fpeaking ^ 
Weftminfter- Abby, fays it is famous for the inauguro' 
fion and fipnlture of the Kings ^ and page iSy fays that 
Scone in Scotland is the ufual place for the inaeigwa' 
tron of the Scott i/fj Kings, Frankfort ri&e place for the in' 
auguration of the Emperors^ with a multitude more of 
witneffes I find in that ieamed author, and many others, 
nay, even all that 1 have read on that fubje^. New 
how inauguration d.iy can be the %th of Mzrch^ and not 
the %id of April I fee net the Uajl glimpfe of reafon, 

fray 



The British Apollo. S^t 

fray givt m% ywf opinion why it it tbt %th of Marcfa» Mi 
tdfo the derivstion of the woi^d f 

A. Our former folution being too precipitatfy wo 
beg leave to prefent you with a full difcuffion of tlic 
matter. , But that this may be done with^ the greatcft 
perfpicuity, we fliali iirft comply with jour ]aft de« 
fire, and give you the derivation of \\\t word tMugmr' 
rmm. It n a compound of the particle i», and the 
fimple auguration, which fimpJe word is deriv'd from 
the Latin jiugfsratio, which figniHes divination or 
foothfaying. For as the Roman Authors or South- 
iayers perform'd their fuperflitious ceremonies of au- 
guration, when magidrates were iblemnJy inveAed 
with publick authority, fb it is metaphorically tran* 
Hated to th6 Chridian ceremonies made ufe of at thtt 
coronation of our Kings and Queens. 

If therefore the quefhon be proposM, whether the 
8th of March may be call'd tnafj^uration-day, we an- 
{wcr in the affirmative, that it liiay be fo call'd in a 
figurative fcnfcr, namely, with regard to that known 
maxim in the law, Rtx AngltA nwi^tifn mmtitr^ the 
King of 'England never dies. For no fboner does thfc 
predeccflbr go off the ftage, than the fuccelTor is in" 
veiled with as compleat an authority, as tho' the ce- 
remonies of inauguration were aftually perform'd. 
With relpeft therefore to fo compleat an authority 
the 8tb of March may by way of-metaphor be not 
abiurdly denominated inaHguration-dof, 

But the literal intention o^ the word applies it to 
the 23d of Affili (ince on that day the f>Jcmnity of 
inauguration is pompoufly perform'd. And therefore 
that day is generally ftil'd inauguration day^ 

Q. It Being maintained in argument, that a place may 
he fiU'd with nothing, is not fuch em offer tion contradk* 
tofy tath to reafm and fen fe ? 

jL If the word may, be put to fignify a polTibility," 
as the tenor of the queftion fcems to import it is. 
then it muft be granted to be a plain abfurdity, unlefs 
we will allow, that fullnefs and cmptinefs arc terms 
equivalent : But if the place be a de^terminatc one, 

Q^q 2 * and 



1 



Jji Tloe British Apollo. 

ted the word mny import a prohibition, then there 
is no contradidtion in the cafe. For to fay, that fjch 
d determinate p/lace may be fill'd with nothing, is the 
¥cry fame as to aflcrt, that it may not be fili'd with 
any thing. In which cafe an affirmative propofition 
couches a negative one. For the rules of logick will 
allow that in a pjopoHtion, where the copulative is 
affirmative, and the predicate negative, or vice vtffa, 
tbofe two oppoiire terms are io convertible, as to 
make both the affirmative and negative propoiition to 
be fynonymous in fcnfe. 

Q:. Bright beams of Apollo, vhofe right does extend, 
To anfwer all queries that any /hall fend t 
J humble my l^lf to your rays fo extenpve. 
And luftWing fir earners fo all cowfrehenfiit : 
Termit me a rtafon to comprehend quare, 
A cup to a ftool may be caus'd congelare ? 
Aqua, nive, faleque. hoc facile faSum : 
Nempe jujcta ignem, ego vidi ada(f^um. 
' A. Haii, Sir, with your glorious addreffes abounding, 
That fo learned appcar'ft, and fo nice in propounding; 
Tho* the fire in ibme mejfure relates to this matter* 
Yet your problem's fufficient to make our teeth chatten. 
Comprehend then that fnow> when commix'd with 

your falCf 
Becomes loofe from each cor^ufde call'd Glaciale. 
£t cum ilia zicinis in aquis mergantur, 
Statim illis particulis aqua ha congelantur, 

Q^ I. ;/ tears but provfi 

The head Si full of rheum ^ but not of lovf» 
Tour logtck does a weeping Jefusflain, 
A Paul, a Peter and a Magdalene j 
For each of them by their exarnple fhovo^ 
Where loxe is true, there tears in plenty Jiowi 
ApoIloV fcorn, his pride does rather proi'e, 
Jhan tears fhould flow without their fountaiftf lovc 

A .'Tis you prophane, 

Vhcn fcrious matters with a yV/f you (lain. 
Our fir ft aflertion, we with eafe can prove, 
Xean are not always the cffcft of love* 

Arc 



The British Apollo, 8pj 

Arc there not tears of angi/, umvs of wiUu 
More falfe m whrts, than weeping crocodiles t 
And are there not ( tho' overcharged with grief ^ 
Such as can vent ^o tuirs to give relief? 

A noble Roman, when he'd (lain his fin^ 
As fbon as he di (cover 'd what he'd done;^ 
Paternal love and grief fwell'd to that height. 
They preft him to the grave with their own weighty 
Yet not one tear efcap'd, and wou^i you prove, 
Becaufe he (hed no tears^ he had no love ? 
Or when C^s oft you may) you meet zfunk% 
Flowing with tears^ n%y^ ibmetimes when ^t'iJrunk, 
Will you conclude, the rheum advanced it's courie 
From lovot thsit /acred love mud be the fburce ? 

Q^ /» days that's pafl, free from aU worldly can 
Of things frecatioHS, bt$t in joys fMme, 
And fleafstres vaft, my bitfiful hours I fpent^ 
At Isift ((^fickle chance! Oh dire reverfel) 
A beauty fatal has d^Jlurh*d my rejl, 
My heert furprix^'d, and with deluding light. 
Through mazes endlefs led^ una^ive I, 
No more thofe, fkafures tafte with grateful gufl ; 
J^y former quiet, how /hall I rejlore, 
Hefolve me this your god-head III adore f 

A, By warm defires attacked by love inflam'd, 
Ko wonder former plcafures taftclcfs arc : 
The foul transfixed by more fublime ideas, 
Views with diidain ail objed):s but its love; 
So fcemingly divine arc all its joys. 
So great is beauty's force, it boldly triumphs* 
Over our ftrongeil reafon, and in vain 
Its boaded energy attempts our care. 
Enjoyment only can our peace reftore, 
That paft, love's trifling pains can vex no morev 

Q^ Dear Sol, Jtnce you re of race divine, 
J draw you for my Valentine; 
For know, my hey, Vm one o'th* nine 
V>u know TnaliaV fair and young. 
Can entertain you with a fong. 
Has witj I ■■gf Phoebus £t[f has none^ \ 



S5^4 ^^ British Apollo. 

lU* WW y(fti'r$ fy— — o« Eaftcr Jay, 

We'll dance and toy, and frisk t away ^ 

Then hey ! for Sol and Thalia \ 

ToH thin fhtkU fay off former fcorei, 

utud get a race of ions of whores, 

Shalt rival dad in his am9ur5. 

This Phoebus is the prefer time. 

To chttfe a lover in the prime, 

uindfo good morrow Vakntioe* 

JiHt yon can anfwer befi of all. 

Why Valentine my love I call. 

Since no man's thotight fo wife as Sol. 

A. Good morn Thalia, fair and young» 
To whom all epithets belong. 

May furnifii Seh immortal fongt 

In yoH weVe all the nine in one, 

"Whofc bright unrival'd numbers run, 

Like the fwifc chariot of ihcfim* 

The more Th^Ua to regaU, 

And (hew how much her charms prerail» 

Which like our influence nc*ct fhall fail. 

We'll double in the follow'og y^Wff^, 

The bloom, the fweets and cv'ry thing 

Shall fome new joys amafied bring. 

'Midft them Thalia we'll embrace. 

All nature's foftcft pleafurcs trace. 

And propagate a glorious race. 

Not in the extacy of love. 

On ihining all the Gods above, 

And might become the pride of fovo. 

Q. In Gen. v. i. we read of our firfi parenlt that 
Ctd called their name Adam. Now I thought that 
Adam was the name of the firfi man only f 

A. Adam in the-Hcbrew fignifies man, and there- 
fore by way of eminence is appropriated to the pro- 
toplaft, or firft roan. But it fometimes denotes the 
fpecies of human race, and therefore is inclufive of 
both £&yies. Whence the original words might have 
been properly tranflated, he called their name mankmL 
And therefore Adam^ or manhndf it a fpecifick dif- 
ference 



S?2^^ British Apollo.' 8pf 

ference to diftinguifh us from other fpecies of the 
^common genius, animal. 

Q^ The an/wer you gave to a qutflion conarmng thi 
ufe of remfm m matters of fatth, feems to me iy n» 
mtafis appojhe or pertinent. The dtfign of the ijteejlion 
is plainfy this, Whether a mem cou*d be oblig*d to believe 
imy propofitm t^s an article of fahh, which fhond be re- 
pugnant to the clear and felf evident dilates of his rea- 
fon ; fmce fuch a contradiSitm in any propofition to the 
clear and felf-evident principles of reafon r^oiid be a clear* 
er demonflratian of its faljhood, than any argument, 
that coud be brought in proof of its divine authority cou'd 
be of its truth f Now the dtftinciion rchich you lay dovf> 
betroeen things above, and contrary to reafon, does not at 
all affe^ this queftion j for the propofition here fpoken of 
is plainly fuppos'd to be contrary to nafn, * 

A, Tho* you arc plcaS'd to fay, that the folution 
of your queftion was by no means appofite or perti- 
nent, wc beg leave to tell you, that we do not think 
that we have reaibn to recant our notion of the mat- 
ter, fincc fomc things may iccm to be contrary to 
our reafon, when the reafon of their fecming to is 
no other, than becaufe they are above our reafon. 
And of this we may inftance in matters capable of 
Buman demon ftration. For learned men do very ©ftcn 
advance paradoxes which to others, who are unac* 
quainted with the folution of them, becaufe unslcilful 
in the fciences to which thofe paradoxes belong, fccm 
utterly repugnant to the dictates of their reafon. 
When therefore we meet with a doctrine fccmiogly 
incompatible to reafon, we ftiou'd confider, that if 
the nature of the do6!:rine be fuch as to be naturally 
incomprehcnfible to human intcllcdl, it yet may be 
true notwithftanding its fcemingly inconfiftericy wiib 
reafon 5 and that, if it be plainly and c.carly rcvcal*d 
in the word of truth, it advances from poflibility to 
certainty, and not only may be true, but atflualiy is 
fb. Since therefore men of ingenuity and reaf^in 
give up their afTent to the fore- men tion*d paradoJccs, 
where they may depend upon the kaowlcc^ge and 

Ci,q 4 integrity 



1 



8p5 The British Apollo]^ 

integrity of the perfons that advance them, Hiall we 
have a greater regard to man» who» how learned (o 
ever, is yet our fellow-creature, than to God our 
Maker ? Shall we demur to divine* infallibility, and 
yet pay a deference to human fallibility ? What isthiSf 
but to fet the creature above the Creator, who is God 
ever all blejfed fir ever. But as for thofe dodirines 
which are upon a level with our reafon. There, li 
they feem repugnant to our reafon, we are fo far 
from being oblig'd to believe them, that on the con- 
trary, we are oblig'd to fufpcnd our belief of them, 
till that feeming repugnancy be rationally removed* 
In fuch cafes to believe without reafon U no faitti, 
but weakcefs, but infirmity, but credulity. 

But as the myfterious do6lrines of Chr idian > ty ; 
tho' they (hou*d feem to any one to have as evident 
charaders of falfhood as the arguments produc'd for 
the authority of the Scriptures can have of truth, 
there i$ yet a iigna), a material difference between 
them, £nce the feeming felfhood of the one proceeds 
from the incomprehcnuble nature of the fubjed^, and 
therefore may be other wife, notwithflanding its feem- 
ing falfliood, and becaufe we are favoured with a 
clear revelation of the matter, undoubtedly is other- 
Wife i whereas the feeming certainty of the other is 
deduc'd from fuch particulars, as are the proper ob- 
je6):s of our reafon, as are equal to our capacities. 

Q. I have been born and bred well, and have lived 
tenderly and handfomely as mofi Gentlemen, hut by-feve* 
ral misfortunes, fome occafion^d by my own filly, and fome 
by the vtllanies of others, which together have been my 
ruin : And this cold weather I am flung into a fr'tfon, 
'where I find little but Jione walls » fcarce bread and water, 
befides the common basket, nor bed, nor fire, and wha$ is 
wor/i ill company, f0?en I complain, I am told by the 
jaylor, if I will pay for if, I may have a handfime room 
in another part of the prifon, a good bed, good fire* thufe 
my company, have my friends come to fee me, and my 
'Visuals as I pleafe. Now I have m money but what is 
vy creditors, I have offered them it all for my liberty* 

and 






7lbe British Apollo. 8py 

OfiJ aU the fuhmijpm an honeft man ought. But find 
thtm as inflexible AS the iron gratfs and Jione vails alfotit 
fntt fo deJtreyouT advice as fom as fcjjibtet fince they wfU 
net accept my offer, if I may not make ufe of their ef" 
feB$ in my power for my better and convtment [nhpfleucit 
or whether I ought, notr»ithfianding their inexorabler*efiy. 
give ail Hp to them, and content my felf with a languifh* 
ing deaths as fach a miferaSle condition in a Uttle tmo: 
tnuji produce f 

ji. Common equity allows U5 to have a /ubfiflenae 
in the world, to have a ncccfiary provifion, how 
deeply focver we may be involv'd in debt. And 
therefore tho' a court of judicature may permit him, 
the court of confcience will fofbid the creditor to 
rifle his unhappy debtor, when he enjoys no more 
than a common fubfiftence, than a ntccflary provi* 
fion. And we wou'd propofs this as one of the rea- 
ions of fuch an equitable allowance, namely, that 
whatever a debtor iparcs his creditor out of the ne* 
ceflaries of Wh, h far more valuable to fo necefiltoui 
a debtor, than the debt it Mf to the Icfs needy credi- 
tor. And therefore \f a creditor be rigorous in the 
ta£c before us j 'while he demands his own, he de* 
roands more than his own, and becomes an extor* 
tioner. And therefore without the leaft (hadow of 
injuftice you may make ufe of fuch a^ portion of 
what you have, as will deliver you from fo deplora- 
ble a condition, from the afflidling preflTure of to un- 
comfortable a (late. But we wou'd willingly remind 
you to be extreamly moderate in fo rational a redreft 
of fuch fmarting grievances. And we think this me* 
TTiCnto to be the more fcafbnabic, inaftwuch as you 
make mention of a greater comertiency, nay, proceed 
a ftep higher yet, and fpcak of the hand fomnefs of your 
room. Tho' yet we mufl allow, that the tendemcfs 
you take notice of, as to your former living, may 
make fome things to become necejfary to you, which 
to others are matters of a more comfortable convenience^ 

Q^ Hither worms in ones face ( that make one look 
m if gun^omder wereblewed in it') be natttralt or through- 



SpS The British ApoLto^ 

m gfofs hahit of brdijfy and th$ nwms to he rid if tiem t 
A, Worms in the face are generailjr caufedbya 
corruption of the blood and humours^ which ex- 
trudes putredinous matter to the skin, where being 
vivify 'd, it is converted into worms. 

Q. Why are not the planets frefaed to the days 0f 
the week according to their ceUffial order I 

A, The Heathens who denominated the days of 
the week from the names of the feveral planets^ fu*- 
perAitioa/ly. imagin'd, that each planet rul'd an hour, 
and was fucceeded in this imaginary empire by that 
planer, which was next in the cele^ial order. And 
liace they lookt upon the fun» not only a^ a plaoet 
( though the beft modern adronomers are of another 
opinion^ and that with reafon too) but alfb as the 
principal of the planets, they therefore fuppos'd ft io 
govern the firfl hour of the fird day, and thence de- 
nominated the flrO: day of the week, dies filis, Sunday. 
And fo proceeding according to the order of the pla* 
nets they nam'd each day from that planet, which 
was predominant, the fir& hour of each reipe<^fve 
day. If therefore you compute the matter, you will 
£nd ft agreeable to fuch fuccefTive governments of 
thefe hotirly monarchs. 

Q. Why are hath waters fo hot, and what is the ria* 
fon that tt turns filver, if dipt in it^ to fuch a golden w- 
Utir i 

, A. The heat of thofe waters proceeds from futphar 
with fome nitre and hitumeny from which lad we 
iuppofe iilver to receive that golden colour. 
. Q. An acquaintance of mine has a fon^ who is eX' 
eeedmgfy troubled with hleedcng at the nofe^ fometimcs in 
the night when afleep, and almofi Jirangles him e'er he's 
awaken'df other times without any agitation of My, or 
provocation, otherwife it runs a bUedi)ig^ and coKfinues 
fo a long timet that his ffiendi are afratd heUl bleed to 
death one tane or 4ither, Phlebotomy he Las found //y ex* 
penence will do no good. H'has (IjohU he the caufiy and 
what rtmedy will prevent the iffutng -of fo violent an 
effluviufJf f 



The British Afollo.^ 8pp 

A. If the party concerned hath been free from out- 
ward caufcs, as rails blows, wounds, (^c* we take 
this hemorrhage to proceed from a pletbory, or fiil- 
jQcfs of blood, whereby the veins may fuflfcr a forci- 
ble apertion : Or from its ill quality, namely, ii» 
^ bear, tenuity, or fliarpnefs, dilating the vcflcls, and 
rendring it fluxilc even through the coats thereof* 
And as maladies of this kind fp frcautntly admit of 
cure, fo we arc of opinion, that it is not out of cbe 
power of an able phyfician to perform the iamr. 

Q. To tnefier poUow Sur yo mun kno that I Irvf m 
Cbe(hflier when I 0m a jphcm, hut Icume to this towne 
Mbout fum bifms, and 1 hardo whot bravo fokojo wvng, 
fo I had a minde to ax you won queflion, and that is 
whidder a pawnd of good fat ckiJb/Mr chife, tr a p^vnd 
of beacon wood drop moft butter if they -mar to be rofitdp 
yau mim make hafle wit ha at^nfer or glf I JhalL bo 
£Won whom agane and fo I remane yore U^g frend 
Tummos. 

A, Rod a pawnd of gud cheflier AttVi for yowf 
breekfauf): an aufter run whom agen as faft as eef 
you had a balee at your breech ond zo you will knaw 
whith drops moft hog or chc<:2e. 

Q. Why there are more larks than torn tits, when torn 
tits frequently hatch 24. yoitng ones at a time, and larks 
never above ^ or f ^ 

A. As for the number of the torn tit's young bncy, 
we doubt yoq arc miftakcn, ilnce nine or ten are 
commonly found to be the number thereof. And 
whereas the torn tit breeds bur once a year, the laik 
breeds thrice, vix, in May, July, and Augujt. 

Q^ Te wife Britifti bards, if it is your dejign, 
lb be thought Phoebus fons, and friends to the nine^ 
Tbu (Ijould not rsegUB, but refolve very fomy Sirs, 
Thofe perfons that civilly ask you a boon. Sirs. 
Vm fnre I havefent you three quefiions or four. 
Since which J have read full thirty or more 
Of your excellent papers^ but never could find 
Any one of "em anfuoer'dy which I vow is tmkin^ 

Q.q 6 Jf 



1 

poo 73&^ British Apollo. 

Jf you'll giv$ a good reafon for this your negle^f ^ 

I fiall ever your goJJhifs adore and refpeS j 

N»y, yet Vll do more : For J folemnly /wear, 

JBy the Jhr'me of great Phoebus {whofe heirs you appear 

To be) That VUtoiUmgly fay my half crown 

Per qHorteTt for papers of Jo much renown ? 

A, Of fceming negled when any accufe us. 
They ought (or wc think it is but to amufc us ) 
To fend at the fame time their queflions kgain> 
Or elfe mud exped^ that their Tending's in vain. 
For tbcy might have mifcarry*d, for thcpublicku«fit> 
Be anfwer*d before, or defediive in wit : 
But fuppofe none of thefe, that they're fit for an air-^ 

fwer. 
No wonder if thirty before wc advance, Siip, 
Since rarely one comes, but an hundred before. 
Are plac'd on our files, which folution implore. 
Q^Iam faily diflurh'd. 
And 6y my Yfifc eurb*d, 
f0fich makes me jufi out of my wits, 
J took pen and ink, 
Endeav'ring to think, 
Being now in my frenfical fits : 
To write to you Apollo 
Pf^ho/e judgment VU follow. 
Which if to me yo/t'U fleafefor to grant- 
Thro* England and France, ] 
Vllfing and til dance, 
Andtncom\\in\s ev*ry where chant, 
A cup of good ale, 
Niither new nor too fiah 
J^/JC wife ioves, and is like a good feUowi 
She^s as ehafie as a dove, 
she fwears by above, *' 
£ut fixe loves to drmk, rant and to bellow. 
When fuddCd floe II come 
'From the diet to my home. 
She fits dovn and doth fi'efintly fcold, Sirs,, 

If I fqucez^e a word in, I 

Tho* as fmall as a pin, ' 

* 2^ Ijoufii is tco littU to hM heK 2X*« 



The British Apollo.^ po< 

The kmves with tht handles^ 

Nay the candltfiUh and candles 
Jb m/ head. Sir, Jhe f^ffintly fings^ 

Then Jhe laughs and fits down^ 

Whenjhe's crack' d my foft crown^ 
^nd recalls my love hack vhen Jhe fingf^ 

J frefently go. 

And fay how eoud'fi do fo 
lo thy husband, my dear eft dear wife t 

Then fhe flings, fcoCis again, 

And injIiSis me more pain 
That Tm truly quite weary of my life*. 

Nowfainwou*dlknofWt 
. That is what I fiiail da, 
For to live thus I cannot endure. Sir ? 

If you'U fhtw me the way 

To tame her that day 
'Reward you I will to be Jure, Sir, 
A* Alas ! thou poor wretch> 

It were better to fhetch. 
Than endure fuch a terrible life r 

Nor can we procure 

A remedy fure, 
A£ainft fuch a de'el <f a wife* 

Yet fbmetbiog we'll fell. 

We hope m^y do well, 
When fiird up with ale (he's grown mellow^. 

Strait put her to bed, 

Then thru ft in inftead 
Your fclF a large hog for ha fellow. 

Pcrh.ps the^ Turprizei 

When (he opens her eyes, 
May make her the fi>ul vice decline f 

Befides.the difgrace. 

Which will fly in her hc^ 
Whenever (he looks on a f»me. 
Q. Since every day fuch norfeufe you rehearfi, 
And anfvrtr trifling fo$ls in do^grtl verfe. 
Tell me, ye bards, (for 'tis an open fhame ) 
Why -^ou prefume to ufe Apollo'; m^mei. 



Vile fins ^Fleckno, {for hud Ykckno fien 
Tomr papers, fttre his heirs pu all had Seen,) 
O ! fay, whvjfM abnfe the Del f hick G^J, \ 

And ptiblijh in his name how werks abroad f I 

jf. Eternal dulnefs only to repeat, I 

The naufeous reliques of a former treat ; 
To rail in ^rcfs, but not one notion name* 
To which the blockhead can objeBion frame i 
No wonder you were never hit before, 
'Bovc notice of £\icki faarling curs we ibar. 

Q^ Apollo, thou^rt ftsre the mcfl lucJty at wruhgl 
As ever "mas bkfi with the aart of inditing: 
Tkm pleafeft all people, nay each oppofice. 
In thee (tho* they hate one another) delight. 

pjjy, the grave, the religiotfs^ mar^e^ n^, the fg»y, 
H^o're above all mankind do Acknowledge thy fow^r. 
And at the fame time boif^ the airy arid youngs 
Are charmed by yotvt numden, and pfeas'd vith yottf 
fing. I 

The church, the diffeiuer, and even the quaker. 

Do own thee an henefi and jufl undertaker ; ' 

Nayy thou pleafeft what ^never was heard tfinftory, ] 

The rigideft whig, and the furlieft tory : 

7 hear but four forts which objeB to thy rules, ! 

Tht/re the rakes and the atheifts, the knaves and the 
fools i 

Becatife often lafht, and nothing but Jhame 

£xpos*d to the world, can thefcoundrels reclaim % 

O ! fay by what myfleries thus you engage. 

The wifefl, moft Uarn*dy and bcji of the age, 

In which your fine notions fi brightly do ftme. 

They prove'thy great skill and confefi thee divine. 
^ Ai, The rttle for a principle firft we laid down. 

Was to feck to improve and not anger the town > 

AW faBions we (liun, and ail parties difown. 

To probity making our refuge alone ; 

As knowing inveSiives wi}l never reclaim. 

The authors of fuch always lofing their aim. 

And malice, tho* witty wi'l never engage. 

Much k£s ever tend to improving the age. 

i Thofe 



J 



. 7%^^ British ApoLi^oi s>oj 

Thofe fcuiriloiu blockheads, who think they provoke. 
When meeting a jufl and fityrical ilroke, 
Miftake us, alas 2 we deipife the abufe* 
Nor can own an (m^er fo poorly to hfo, 

Q. 'Br ty favour me with $bo true definitm of n ml* 
racle f 

A. Some define a miracle by the ab{blute difEcuity 
of the thing perform'd : But £nce ail things are npt 
only fcffbU with God^ but ea/y to a power omnipo- 
tent, the definition will no ways bear* 

Others define it by a performance, that exceeds the 
power of any aeated being : but fince we are unac- 
quainted with the natural powers and faculties of in-* 
Tifible agents, this definition alfo may be objected to* 

And therefore we think it the moft unexception- 
able defioition of a miracle, that it is an c^€t fuper- 
ieding the known fiated laws of nature. 

Q^ I Mm fy trade a butcher, and do kill a frttty 

fnanj (beep in the fear. Now (here is a fiaf upon the 

^reaft, heleng'tng to the skin whm fifed from the Jheep^ 

which I alyfays cut ef (^tho* no ways cuftomary for other 

butchers fo to do) whereof the wool h'mgs me in a&out 

fo /hillings or g pounds a year. The felmsngers who buy 

the skim, did they examine every individual skin, as they 

do net, weu*d either exfeSl that flap, or make an aUow- 

once for it. Upon this account there be fome perfons, who 

charge me with the crime of che/nting the felmcngers, wko^ 

fince they never make an ixaB fcrsetiny into the skins they 

buy^ which wou*d take up too much of their time, and 

then mixing them with other skins, never know that thie 

fiap is taken away, till they come to drefs them^ and then 

can never know whofe skins they were which waru this 

fiap. But face they have the liberty of^ examining the 

skins before they buy them, and have what they 6argain'd 

for, I cant think my felf chargeable with, the aimt of 

cheating the felmongfrs. 

A. It is an argument, how little you can vindi- 
cate your unchriftian pradlice» fince you take flicker 
in £b infignificant a plea as that ot a carelcfTucfs, in- 
afmuch as the fclmongers ^ufc not the liberty they 

enjoy. 



■'1 



po4 ^^^ British Apollo, 

enjoy; of examining your skins. We therefore bcf 
leave to confront fo frivolous a pretext with tbe 
fubfequent particular. 

I. Juftice is fo nice a point, fo tender a concern- 
ment, fo jealous of its facred privileges, that no cauie, 
how great foever, and therefore to be fure not fo 
flender a cauie as that of carelcfTncfs, can juftify any 
the leaft encroachment upon its inviolable rule?. Irrc- 
verfible that noted fentence, Fia$ jufiitia, ruat mufi' 
dus ; wi mufl rather fuffer the fabrick of the Univerfe te 
be diJfolv*di than ary ways hfringe the frerogati-Ve tf 
jfifiice* * 

2t You £ay, that you therefore defraud your chap- 
men, bccaufc thro* their neglc£l they defer ve the ufagc. 
But, who made you an avenger of demerit ? Whence 
Tdo you derive authority to encroach upon his prero- 
gative, wh^ has plainly told you, that vengeance h 
his, and he will repay it, 

J. But what, tho' vengeance were your's and you 
were commiflion'd to repay it ? yet, what pretence 
can ydu have to punifh that negle^, which you your &lf 
excufe ? For you iay, that the examination of the 
skins would take up to& large a portion of their time 
And therefore you are not only unju(l» but unchari- 
table too, in that you take advantage of other men's 
neceilitfes, and make them therefbre fu£Ferers, becaufe 
unable to prevent it. 

4. But tho' their negledi ^were not at all excufta^ 
ble, you might yet fuppofc, that they were therefore 
negligent, becaufe they took you for an honcft man, 
and repos'd a confidence in your dealings with them. 
And therefore on this fuppofal you would be charge- 
able with a complicated guilt, chargeable, not on- 
ly with injuftice, but alfo with that nvan, that un- 
generous, that ungrateful niifdemcanour, a breach of 
truft. 

f. Since the fclmongers, when they find, that they 
have been fraudulently impos'd upon, cannot poflibly 
be fenfible, who it is that has impos'd upon them, 
jou caufe the reputation of your fellow butchers to- 
be. 



7%e British Apollo, pcf 

he caird in qucftion s you! fully the good name of 
your innocent neighbours, and make upright dealers 
to be fufferers for your guilty pra^ice. 

6, The argument of careleiineisv if at all allowed 
of, will reach farther than you your felf would ha7C 
it. For it will equally permit your own fervants to 
triHe, to defraud you, at what time ibever you are 
carelefs of your cfFc^s. 

Unhappy Man ! yea, doubly unhappy Man ! firft 
In the commidion of fo inexcufable a crime, and thea 
in the allegation of fo unpromising a plea, as is a dif- 
tiiid): enormicy, an additional tranfgreilion. Let there- 
fore thefe words of Solomon be always in your view f 
A jufl weighf and balance are thi Lord'u Let thoft 
golden words, which are metaphorically applicable to 
every other method of difpoOng of our goods ; let 
them be your daily, your conflant motto; fo (hall 
yo${r rl^htioufmfs be as clear as the light, and your jufi 
dealing as the noors'day, 

Q. ?ray reJoLve me, if there are, 9f ever were, fucb 
creatures as pigmies f 

A Some skeletons, which a little re/emble a manV» 
of fmall monkeys, have been fliewn for fuch, which 
perhaps gave occaHon for this opinion. Many fmall 
dwarfs there be alfb in the Turktjh Seraglio, and for- 
merly in the courts of Zngland : but that there is, 
or ever was fuch a diilind^ nation of people, is as 
falfe as Pliny*s people, who had no Mot4$hs,^ but liv'd 
only by the fmell of flowers and fruits. 

Q^Is there any fuch thing as the Vhilofofher's fionf^ 
'^ there bt, what is it f 

A^ To anfwer your laft qucftioii firft, it \s a mere 
• chimerical notion : never any, who pretended to it> 
ofler'd a reafon for it» and what has no foundation 
In Vifiafon or Nature, is not worth a <;ontrover(y. 

Q. / have feen a bladder blown but about halffuU, 
yet being laid before a large fire, it hath fweWd till it 
burft. 

A. The air \s rarlfied by the heat of the fire, fo 
there not being that campreHure of the ambient ait 

to 



pOjS Ti&tf British Apoi^lo. 

.to reftrain tBe effort of the included^ the efiPed jou 
mention, follows. 

Q. P0mtis the reafm ihttt marbU fveati (as tbey iml- 
gftrly term-it) before ra^ny wemher t 

A* It is the nature of air, to t>enetrate and fill up 
Vacuities \ all bodies being porous, are by coafequence, 
receptive thereof. And as it is the nature of air to 
penetrate, fo it is alio to circulate, as water does, 
but fafler, being, of finer fubllance. Now in rainjr 
weather, the air being more thick than at other tinaes, 
with vapours and exhalations, it cannot penetrate the 
iharble, before it puts off its more grofs particles, 
which it leaves upon the marble, and is that thej call 
fweating. 

(ypfhat is a Mnceft and -whence is it tred^ and 
vlyJocaWdi 

A. A cancer is a bard tumour, (of a blue or black' 
i(h colour, full of (harp pain) befet with many veins, 
(big with a black humour) refembltng a crab's-daw, 
from whence it borrows its denomination, and ta- 
Iceth its original from blood, infe^ed with a malignant 
difpofition, and venenate nature. This humour con- 
creteth it felf in the beginning not exceeding thebig- 
nefs of a pea, and afterwards groweth greater in bulk ; 
efpecially, if it be enrag'd with (harp medicines, where- 
by it encreafeth in acute hot pains, foraewhat like 
the pricking of needles, derived from (harp vitriolick 
particles, and the poifonous quality of the blood, 
grievoufly torturing the nervous and ihcmbranous 
parts, the fubje6fc of pain in this difeafe. There are 
two kinds of cancers, the one not ulcerated, the o- 
,thcr ulcerated^ The firft proceedcth from a more 

fentle and lefs malignant mafs of Blood, ea/ily con- 
ning it felf within the empty fpaces pf the fleiby 
parts, without much pain. The laft is deriv'd ^om 
a moft hot mafs of blood, (full of fierce, faline, and 
malignant particles) which being fettled in the em- 
pty fpaces of the veilels, parteth them from each o- 
{^er, and raifeth a tumpur, arising from theie (harp 
vitriolick humours^ corroding tne fle(hy parts and 

skin, 



^i British Apollo. -^07 

skin, whence gulheth out a thin iharp gleer> very of- 
fenfive to the adjacent parts. 

Q^ ^ ferfin,whtn dift mm^ vent, took baif^ crown, 
that wanted three /hillings and fie pence of weight. How 
can half a crown make three fhitUng$ and fix fence of 
weight t 

A,, That is nothing llrange, for we have (een an 
half crown fo much dipt* as to want a crown of 
^veight. Several half crowns, before the dipt mo- 
ney was caird in, weigh'd but nine pence apiece. 
If three of fuch would not be the Handard weight 
of one, by confequence one of them wanted a crown 
(10 fuch mmtfi of weight. 

Q^ Who was the hefi author, thai ivor treated of 
fainting i 

A' Sfgnior TauUnuSy an Italian, writ the bell treatift 
on that art, which hath come to our knowledge, but 
'tis a very fcarce book. In Englt/hp a Gentleman of 
pur Society writ one ibme years fince. AU we Audi 
fay of it, is, that had he feen one before in MugH/h, which, 
difcover'd that the author fo well under/iood the art» 
he had not writ his. 

Q. Saf^ Britiih Bards, with parts furfrixJng Hefi^ 
Whofofterlmg wit is more refulgent far» 
'Xhan glorious Titan'i daaUng beams appear^ 
And of all nature's boicoteous gifts pojfeft : 
Jf filver fwans pref aging death is nigh, 
fVtth tunes melodious, o» a gliding Streamf 
Their parting life from death ftrivo to redeem,, 
Or fing in motcn^fd notes their elegy. 

A, The iilver fwans, no more than other fowi» 
With, tuneful notes prefage impending death. 
The notion of their dying, tuneful breathy 
Was meant an emblem of a pious fou]« 
Such, whofe fair life, white as xht\x fnoru^ down, 
* Not ftain'd with the onprobrious marks of vtfe» 

Arriving at the gates of paradife. 
Their end with joyful rofignatwn crown« 



po8 Tbe British Apoli-o. 

Q, Tb mi, Apollo, pity Jhow, 
Who tuny fhat motion-work^ /i BEAUj 
In rhknes I muft my cafe Jifclofe^ 
JFor, (flap my vitaU) I hate frofe. 

1 courted Caelia fir my vijfe. 
Kind fie agreed to change her life ; 
The day was fix* d, the ring was got ^ 
The par/on ask'd to tie thi knot ; 
But, curfe on it ! my courage fail* d^ 
And o*er my \oyt d in"d tear prevaiNi 
Yet, by next day I did recover, 
Addrefs her like repenting lover \ 
But fhe^ proud minks, with fcorn deny^d. 
And vow' d fin* d be no beggar*i bride. 

So tell if I, aim mente proba. 
May wed fome other bona roba j 
And t hen y good Sir, you will disburthen^ 
The haded mind, efb £ A U. 

-Jack N— •— rdca; 

A. Cum mente proba ("tho* infana) 
We think you may e'en go to any. 
For tho' you the aggrcflbr were. 
Yet having thus released the fair. 
And (he again hav'ng you difcbarg'd. 
And from his cage, the owl enlarged. 
Both are free from Marriage thence, 
A9 you, your fclf, are free from finfe. 

Q^ Say, Britifh Bards, when Foreign l^^ealmsfMhetr, 
The wDnder which began the infant year i 
That England'^ bands in twice t^m^ hours was known, 
tull Double in its bulk of riches grovm. 
How will they entertain the firange report ; 
And how much Great Britannia'/ friendHiip court ! 

A, When foreign Realms fird hear the wondrous 
news, 
They'll fwear 'tis forg'd, their judgments to abufcj 
But this wants Confirmation, 'twill be taught, 
And Confirmation, which will se'er be brought, 
That great Britannia can fuch fums engage. 
When Wars have laHed almoil half an asc : 

Tbfli 



^ British Apollo. 909 

Tlien to exert £\xch ftrange, furpri^ing pOw'rs> 
2^Ulhns to raiie, in twice ss many hours ! 
"But when it comes confirm' d^ how will X^ fimd^ 
l^fa' amax^ed world with umbrages confound I 
How will Britannia rear ber awful head^ 
And ftrike her enemies vt'xthfear and dread! 
"What cannot then, (the whole report will run) 
What cannot be, by great Britannia done f 

But when it reaches to the head of Vrmnce^ 
•Twill throw the frightned Monarch in a trance* 
To think that he hath try'd fo long in vain. 
And with the utmod eff{»^ts of his irain. 
The title of a trifiing bank to gain j 
Whilft all hhflatfemen did thcfcheme prepare* 
Vhich gave a little crack, and vanijh'd into airj 
The monarch charg'd it to hisfubjeSls crime, 
And gravely cr/d, THIS IS A WORK OF TIME. 
But, when he hears, this wondrous fpeech took more 
Of time, with his great thoughts thereon before* 
Than great Britannia took to raiie the whole. 
How will't afff^ his Mantenonian fouLf 

Hail mighty ANNE, to whofe g;reat AuJ^cet 
More blejjfngst as tinparallePd as thefif 
We owe : Hail SENATE, wife, auguft, ferene, 
For aidingi to your ^/<?jy, ^f^ a ^ueen. 

7b the British Apollo ..i 7 think my felf 

jbou7id to make you P Amende Honorable for my 
rudenefs, which I leave you* to make as fubUck as yoH 
fleafe, 

PArdon, bright Bard, fince Jhe with blufhes fucf,' 
The timVous iallies of a daring mufe. 
Who only aim'd, by her prefumptuous flight, 
To add new beams unto your dazzJing light. 
For v'trtue, when opprefs% appears more bright : 
Uone e'er cou'd hope, by fuch enervate rhymes, 
To make you lefs admired by the times * 
Since every SUN, frefti fcenes o£ wonder brings* 
And all are calm'd, when Heav'wly Fhoebus fings, 

1 Each 



} 



11 



jTio rSJ^ Bbitish Apollo.' 

Each tmuf*Jfitd dotb now with tranfport fec» >^ 

His Jouifs expeird, each text explained by thee, C. 

Emits to all its fscred enerff, j ^ 

Whild mture*s fecrets 70a with cafe explore. 

Find out new mines, and ^^rthe tmcimt ere ; 

Such thmghtt Oh Heaven I in fuch exprcilive terms. 

Shines through the whole, that every feofe alarms, 

To pay the homage due to your amazing charms^ 

Bur, who can paint the fbft, endearing «it/. 

You teach the fak to captivate our hearts ? 

Whilft dach fond yoiahp your Uys do £0 inipire» 

That all are Grangers to a loofe defire. 

And only burn with a ferafhickfre. 

None e'er prefumes to tread a path unknewn^ 

But adcs your leave before he ventures on. 

Who can exprefs, wlien you voucbfafe to iport. 

In fufii(k verfe, among the vulgar fort. 

The poignant wit, that breaks through every line, 

Unveils' the radiant God, and forces him to fhinc 1 

Then, Heavenly Sard, , ■ ■ 

Since confcious of your worth, no mortal dzre, 

Attenlpt to rival your exalted fphere. 

Forgive my mufe, and once more tune your Ljre, 

Lure dbwn your fofteft notes, your awfitl ire. 

Left overwhelmed with grief, my trembling mt/fe 

expire. 

Q^What is the Jsgnification rf water in baftifm f 

A* As water is of a "cleanling nature, fo that in- 
ward and fpiritual grace, of which water in bapttfni 
is an outward fign, ckanfeth t^from all fin, 

Q^ P0y is the foul called (he? 

ji. Becaufe the foul metaphorically conceives, and 
thence bears analogy to the female kind. Whence 
our thoughts are ftil'd the ifTues of the brain ; and 
the writings of learned men, fometimes call'd their 
children. Or this diftin£l:ion may have rcfpcft to the 
nature of the foul, in that it is originally pure, like a 
modcft and untainted virgin ; but by her compliance 
with the lufts of the flelh, with the vanities of the 
world, (he proAitutes her virgin honour to every 

- unlawful 



The British Apollo. pit 

milawful fuitor that addreffes her, and thence unfor- 
tunately becoms.a common harlot. ' 

Q^ Whithtr fmh are all equal in reffeB cf thofe femerj 
and aBilities vhieh they aB in thek/everal bodies i 9r elfi ara 
fimt of them (fmore noble^uidexOiUed qualities than others :' 
If we aUow the firmer^ every day*s experieme fiems t^ 
sergue againft, hy that vaft diffroportion that is clearly di/m 
covered betwixt the judgment, mnderjlandtng^ &c. cf/enf 
nsen^ and others, jf the latter be allowed, conjjdermg the 
circtemftances of/ome men^ vhu wsgovemabU bodies weak 
inferior fouls are jyn'd to, it feems to refUB on the gocd-i 
nefs of God, 

Jl, I. The ohje£^ion; if at all allowM of, is equal* 
]y forcible, which ftever -of the two portions be ad- 
mitted. For it equally tt^<e,6i% on the goodnefs of 
God to create a foul of vaft capacities, and then unite 
it to an ungovernable body, the organs of which he 
has £o diipos'd, as to caufe thefe vafl capacities to lie 
dormant, and unexerted, as to joyn a foul ,of origi- 
nally mean capacities to fuch an ungovernable body. 
But, 

a» The obje^lion is of no avail in either of the 
two pofitions. For he, who has fmall capacities, 
with an ungovernable body, is probably, at prefent* 
in a better flate of that of nonexidcnce; but, un- 
doubtedly, if we add another life co the life that now 
is i whence it follows* that God has been good and 
gracious to the very man we fyak of. And what« 
though we (hould allow, that God has not been 
equally good and gracious to him as to other highly 
favoured perfons, (tho* even this mzy be call'd in 
queftion too upon other confiderations ? } What the' 
we (hould allow of an unequal diftribution of his 
goodnefs, is it not enough that God is good to all 
though not equally good to all ? To allude to the 
Apoftle, may not God be allow'd to fay, / will be 
mote abundantly gracious, to whom I will be more 
abundantly gracious ? Shall our eye bo evil becaufe God 
is good f We Tt\zy as well complain, that we are not 
all unbodied fpirits, all of us Cberubims and Sera- 

phims I 



piz Tie British Apoli^'o. 

pbims ; we may as well complain, that we are msdi^ 
s Uttli Uwer than the jfngels, 

Q^ A certain Lady was [9 much aidtBtd f§ vtnaj^ 
that the repeated embraces pf her lovers gave her no [Of 
tufa^m. She conpjlted eminent fhyfic'tam in order te 
correSl it \ was eften let blood, - and took aU the cooling' 
thmgs that could be thought of, to endeavour to fu^due thet ' 
infatlable apfetite, but all in vain. It was her requefi 
to her parents, fome time before her deaths that /he emght 
be ofen*d, snd the phy(icians, in the diJfeSion of the ma- 
trix, found Jeveral curVd hairs, which they judg'd to be' 
the caufe of her conflant defires that way. Whether that 
unfortunate Isdy was guilty of fit, in thofi repeated aSs j 
tfvenety f 

jt SuppoHng all this to be true in matter of h^, 
it appears only that this Lady, from the almoft con- 
tinual irritation caufed by thofe curled hairs, bad 
an extraordinary drong propenfion to venery, but the 
queftion is, whether that propenfion was fuch as flie 
could by no means refift ? If fo, (lie was not guilty 
of fin, dn^cc no adion, but what is in fbme- maoccr 
voluntary, can be finful. But we can hardly be 
brought to think that God would ever put any man 
under fuch circumftances> as make it unavoidably ne- 
ccHary for him to commit an a£l:in itfelf unlawful* 
and abfolutely prohibited by him. We arc rather 
apt to believe, that if that Lady had ufed her ut- 
mod endeavours, and had not only had recourfc to 
the phyficians of the body, but alio to that great 
Phyfician of our fouls, fiie might have been able to 
fubdue that infatiable defire, which having not 
jdone, if it was in her power to do it, (he cannot at 
the bar of ftridl juftice be acquitted, th«* (be may 
jfboner find grace, or be beaten with fewer ftripcs, 
than any who never had fo very firong t<Jmptation. 

Q, In hovp many years doth the church of Rome leef 
a year of Jubilee i Whether it is not held once in fifty 
yean f 

jf. The regular, and therefore more fo^emn jubilee 
is once in an hundred years. But in this, modern 



JJfs British Apollo. 91^ 

has imitated herandent motlier. For the grand 
fecular games were regularly celebrated but once ia 
I century. But from the fbiemaity under Aitpiftmtt 
to tbac under CUudms, there were but 6^ years in- 
tcrvaL From tint under CUmSm to that un^er Di^ 
mhum but 41. From thence to that under jtnmMma 
Vtus f^. From thence to the next under Srvems 
fj. And from thence to tiiat under PMf^, (which 
wras the 9th and \a& time tboie games were celebra- 
ted at Bmih) 44« But prefent U/niH is ftiU more ftc^ 
ouenc in the celebration of her Jubilee, n^naclyi it 
toe expiration of every five and twenty years. 

Q. May the My^ frofery /^uikmg^ bifaidtpfittftdn^ 
m the fud mfy f 

JL. Pain is a preoeption or coniciouibeis of fome^ 
tiling ungrateful and diiagreeable. But perceptions' 
or conicionfneffrHs incompatible to a material fub« 
fiance, and confequeatly to the body. 

^, fir they not »tfy. diftrty mt$ Mother^ hut other fmM_ 
birds t why do tfutny actotmt it it frimo to hwrt Ht 

^ It \% a pretty familiar bird, dcliehts us witb 
its fweet notes* therefore \% in gratitude cherifh'd by 
us. What xpalice fixver \% i& its nature towards o« 
ther birds, \% nothing to us, nor a fault in its fd^ 
iiiice it but follows uie di^tes of its own nature. 
: Q: Wbethof # foetus ^hf cm fable if refikrathn ? To fuf^ 
pfe it is wot, is tojupfefe 4 life vithm bre^th^ to fup^ 
fefe it ist admits ef the fiUenoing objeBims^ That it eam^ 
not expire^ becattfe then is no vactmnh the Amwon in 
\which thefietus is contained being fnU of water. Thao 
\uton sn/firation, it muft at thejame time draw in tha 
water, n not to the ftrsmgUog^ yet to the great detrimeni 
tfthefxttss f . . 

jL We anfwer in the negative, visC. That the 
foetus n not capable of refpiration ^ and as to, the 
difficulty you take that bpinion to be liable to, wo^ 
find none in tlie fuppoiition of a life without breath i 
for Qncc the animal's life does merely confift in the 
motion o£ his blood, and other juices ieparated front 

Vol. III. R r it. 



it, 118. long as* tim motion can be performed witbotit 
Ih-catbitfg or refpiration, it cvicfently follows, that 
life toMf aJfo be wkboat it. But we~iUppofc yott 
▼cry well know, that in a foetus the blood not paf- 
fitjg from the right ventricle of the heart into^thc 
left, thro' the kings^ (as it does in a bom child) but 
ctrculatin^ iromedtately by £bme Mother peculiar paf* 
feges, refpiratioiH which ferves chiefty t6 tSihite the 
hings, is- net nedefllafy to maintain 'that nlotion, or 
circui»tion of the Blood, and confequently lift it felf. 

Q^ If her mofi ffimenfrMajfJly ^een Ane flmd 
tnak it fetce vid de tirnnte de la Trwu^ wedar yw 
mhJat dert vood retvme jnart nftfgtf into de Frmictt 
.like I define to da, or more flay here i 

A. Wen derc be de pecce yxd^ Frarice, de bcft Re- 
fngeevil prefer dere rdifhiontJ vid good mattonaocf 
good 'beef; and -de ledder (boo,- to dcre relffhione, vid 
de garlick, de onion, and de vooden ^xsio^ 

Q, Trk^ felt me, A|>GiIo, <« fioH ns ym*nt roonh 
Why feofle fufpofe^ thit a man* s in the'Tnoon^ 
jind which way he rtach\d io that lofty plantation^ 
Pflgtther ridingr or fwimming, or iy ambulation. 
Or whether your qutrp ihay not ^ he afraid^ 
lCh(ft madam yoierfifiir'f no longer a matdf 
tLefolve me, great Sirl for m T am a fiAHer, > 

She looks a little darkijfhfitce the man has been in her', 
' a:^ That no miaiffj in the moon^ wou'd be argu'd 

*oft vainly, ' "^ ^ 

Since terreftrial fpe^tors can fee him (b plainly : 
And how he got there nothing tends to the matter, 
5Vhether coaches he took, or went thither by water. 
But that Lt>Wa's a maiden we never pretended,- 
Since thatHar-gazing-fbtt.to. her maniions afccndcd: 
iVpd tha(. iflue.they had, is undoubtedly -true. 
Since her lunatick brood's manifeftc^ in you, 

Q. Ulaat was the name of the flaee of our Sa;tkvfi 
hafiifm ? 

• A^ The three firft Evangclffts acquaint us, that it 
was in the/tver for dan, B^t St. John is more par- 
ticular, and gfyes us two jiddittonat marks of diftinc- 
^ - - ^.^^^ 



tl0iO* ift.^Thac the |>]sce of our Saviour's baptiftn 
was ^Mi/ ygrdan, that is, on the other (ide.of J^^- 
4Um hem JuJda, idly. That it was in Btthahmrt^ i 
vvhich place was Situated in the SytbvfoUtan country, 
where the Jews were co-inhabitants with the Syn" 
phoefucians. The word Bethk^ara, originally impliea 
the place where .the IfrAelitts pafs'd the ri?er ^tfr-* 
dan ioto the land of Vromp. , And therefore what 
place more particular!/ prbper, more proper thaa 
BisiH^tmat ty:pi^a]ly to repre/enr, that as j^i'^^i'^*. that 
h^pick General^ „ led tbe Iffiulites. from^ thence into, 
the land of Coitaan, fo fefftft (which name imports 
the fame with Jofhua) Jtfus» that Captain rf cm ftil* 
'vaiiWy Was there baptiz'd, in order to preach that 
Word, which fliould diredl his proielyces to th% htik^ 
V0n^ Caman^ toahe new Jerufdem I , ,i i 

Q^ Mjf ptuffsm dfing^ I 'Sfas early uWffiUid ff^ th, c^rn 
af my guofdians ^nd rdatiout^ T»^gavtjp$ a very m^ 
gtnmt4i educatim, iVkehl-tpas judgid capaHe ihert^ 
I was adrnitted 'tnt9 tht umvtrjky, / hone pitied shl^ . 
kind ^ life, tofilhw what my iwlinaim mofl led me /#» 
viz. to fervt my ^aeen and country, I am now going 
abroad^ and the ehttfefl thing that detains me is^ in my 
father* s wiU I find thefe Words ^ Af for my fbn, 1. re- 
cpmmend him particularly to the fcrvi'c^. of.Ga^t^in. 
' the miniflry of the Church* and therefore dp Ja^ a 
fatherly charge upon hris> to 6t and preparcnhinife^fT 
for it, if no impediment of nature reii^r bia> iinca*, 
' pjbble thereof. Now^ do I difo^ey a deoeafid parem's (Am" 
mandsp {which I reckon as great a hr each of the fifth* 
Commandment as if living) tho' I take not orders f Wor 
X,ajfure you I have often ferioufiy cenfidered on tht dftty^, 
e^joynd, hut cannot ferfuade my fiif to undeH^lnoJar 
gre^t a charge as is inc^mSent on -a minifter^ atid ^re^x 
fore in confcienee Jhouldt, not attempt it, whtcb I hope yt>ili' 
hriftg me under my father*s lafi »ords, viz. If" nu i*jnm'- 
I pediment, of natuVc, f^c. and vhat greater can, there 
! he than^ man*s confcience f 

A. It is fuflicicnt, that our» heavenly Father ha» 
£.'cured the' authority oiltving parcntSi not only wir^ 

R r 2 the 



\- 



9x6 7%e BRirisii Apollo. 

cbe guarantee of a pofitive injondion, but ^tb the 
liliirement of a promife too» the promife annexM to 
the fifth Gommandxnent. But that a father fhouki 
extend his ^commands to fuch a diftant period after bis 
di^lation, and retain, a parental authority, wbeii re- 
tnrdM to his primogental duft, this (eems to be more 
than is enjojn'd by either natural or revealed religt- 
on. Not but that it is very commendable, and praile 
worthy to pay obedience to the dying words of an 
expiring prent ; and in many ^ticulars to decline 
it« is nusbecomins the relation of a ion. Nay, if a 
father leaves a cfatM an cllate of his own acquiring, 
on condition that he obey his will, there a noiH 
compliance can be juftified by nothing lefs than a vo- 
luntary furrender of that conditional eftate. 

But aa it is a cuftom* not more common than 
i0ipnidettt^ to difpoic of children in ways of Uw'mg 
not at all agreeabfe to their genius and indinations, 
(k compulfion is in nothing more imprudent* in no- 
thing more abfurd, than with regard to the iacred 
eoank>yment of the gown. And therefore the Or- 
«^muft be exceeding ffreat, and the Utcnrtrs as 
exceeding )te, where that command in the ftrideft 
ienfe can be apptied to thecal before uss comfdtbm 
i$ tmm m. Nay, indeed, we can no ways conceive* 
bow a peribn compelled to holy orders, can confcica- 
tkmfly make anfwer to ^mc particulars in the or-, 
dination-office. 

But, after all, we beg leave to propofe a queftion 
or two, which, we pmiime,^ will not be thought 
Impertinent. Why would you decline the gown ? 
Is your genius uofuitable to the fun^ion ? If fo, 
we have nothing more to (ay. Have you negleded 
the opportunities you enjoy'd, to qualifie, to prepaie 
your (elf ? You may redeem your time by your fo* 
tnre ioduftry $ it may not be, perhaps, too late. 
i>o you find an averfenefs in your will to that di- 
vine employment ? It would be noble, it would be 
generous, it would be fometfaing more than filial, 
jjf out of regard to that earneftnos of defire (b vifi* - 

" : bly 



The British At ovhtol ^vf 

biy apparent in jour depanlng. father, you would 
flnre-at leaft to cpnquer that arcrfenefs, to work up 
your indifferent, your reludlant thoughts, to work 
them up to an inclination, to a defire, to a chearfyl 
dcfire of being admitted a fellow- worker in the LordTa- 
▼ineyard, of becoming an embaflador of Obri/f . 

But if after a diligent application you (hall be (en« 
fible of fome deficiency (trio' a too diffident opinion 
of your felf muft not pervert your judgment in the 
xmtter) fenfible we fay of ibme defidency, which 
renders you unable to difcharge the office, you will - 
be fo far from* being any way? oblig'd to a compli* 
ance wi tit your father, that by fo unwarrantable a 
compliance, you will at once a^ repugnant to the 
didiates of your confcience, which is abiblutely and^ 
irreflri£3:ively a fin, and therefore not to be fuperied^l' 
by the injundions of a parent, and alfo be no betttr 
than a prefumptuous intruder, than a bold invader* 

Q^ A friend of mini had the mi f mum to keak his 
leg J vhich by the unskilftthiefs of the fitrgten, or fome •- 
ther eaufe, wmj forc'd to have it cttt fff jnfi bttm fh§ 
kpee,^ He had upon the Uaft toe of that foot a conoi tfihlch^ 
gave him te great deal of f/tin, efpemlly againft ba^^ 
weather. He is mw as fenfible of fain as every and fMs- 
eafe by rubbing or knocking againft the bottom of the wooden 
leg with his cane. What fhould be the reafon he is fo fn^ 
fible of the fain, when the caufe is taken away t 

jL Tho' this cafe may appear very flrange to many, 
jet there- isr nothing more common among thofewbo 
have had the fame misfortune to have any limb cut 
c£F. However, the reafon of that odd Fhanomenon it 
not obvious to every one's nnderftaadin^ dnCe to 
give any reafbnable account of it, it mufl fbft be ac- 
knowledged, that we are mifbken when we judge 
pain or pleafure to b; in the body, and that they arc 
a modification of the foul occafioned by fome motion 
made in any of the nervous parts of our body, and 
communicated to the brain, without which commu« 
sication we cannot be fenfible. of any pain or pleafure, 
a$^^)pears in dead palfies i but on the contrary, if 

FL r J. ti» 



S^i8 TI&VBritish Apollo. 

the filaments of the brain, which arc as it were the 
roots of air the nerves come to be /hakeQ> as they 
were when that motion was communicated from the 
limb^ it will occafion the faoae fenfation of pteafure 
or pain in our fouU as if the motion was really begun 
in that limb, and that onFy by yrrtue of God's wife 
inflitution, when he firft made and eftabli'fh'd that 
wonderful union of body and ipuJ, 

Q. In the wood cf BoJogne» in the neighbourbodd cf 
that city J fevtrd trees of the Utgefi growth were ff lit by 
the extreme Jharpnefs of the cold : 1 defite you to affign 
the reafon^ rohy ,the extreme frigidity of tho luir Jhodd 
^eanfe the folsd' trurdts of the large^ trees to ffUt afmderi 
A. The extreme coldnfsfi of ^hc air feeqas to be 
owing to fome ver^ (harp and piercing nitro.us falts 
difperfed in it, which iniinuaUng themlelves in great 
quantities into the wood of fome trees, like fo many 
junall wedges, may be able to iplit the biggeft of 'em, 
and efpeciaily thoic whofe pores are fo configurated 
as to admit tbem, but liot to give them a free and 
cafie paflage, 

Q^ How came the women to take theuffer-liand if 
the men in England, above all other countries , suid whe- 
ther the chronicle, or any other hifiory gives the reafom for it f 
jl. There is ao. chronicle, but will inform you of 
the mighty valour of Queen Boadicea^ 2nd the fervice 
• clone again il tl^c jCfanes by female courage* one of 
which occafians. ^yc ji>at fexAhc honour you take 
notice of. Tho';*tis iio. wonder that our piglifh Ladies 
are rcfpcded mbri; tban thofc of. other countries, fincc 

, fuferior worth rmy iUjftly claim^i^ei-wr dimity* 

Q. Aftronomexs affirm^ that the Sim takes a diitrnal 
cottrfe^ and pretend to know how many milts in it, it 
fetcheth, which, if it be true, fray inform mt how thefol* 

. loving happens ? . 

i ^Mtt^> ^ M ^^' ^f l^OQ^on for a pari of England, 

.flying direffly C9ntraay Xfi.the Sw^*s eourfe, (^as th^ affrn^ ) 
/ have .the Sun^o.my^ infaginat'm juft o,vtr nay head at 

, firfi ftttiii^ oidtr ^f^-'ff ^ide two or threo htms, 1 Jhall 
firceive the Sun jiiji imfof^g ov^r me. 

^ A. Irk 



S^^lBUlTISH At^LtrOr pip 

^. In aafwrei to y our ^Qeftibo, we wosM obfi»^e» 

1. Thit finoe'wv «re ii^UMd ftveril ddgvac* of la- 
titude frGRi cbe* iK^rcft vicinity of tbe Sun, namety, 
from <tW nOithatti tropi(rk of Cmifr i ■ v^t therefore 
l^g lesve to ml} ^ou, that m no 'part of t^t^nd, K 
•i6> time of tt^ fcar, ho> not on St. 9«riM4«f i^, 
aebd in the motl (butlierA part'^arnji^^/, you caik^ 
^rcdve ^he Sun to be juft overymip head. 

2. That in fo great a fpacc as the forementjon'd 
degrees of laritude, confidering iVitfral the vaft dfftancc 
of the Sun to that part of the earth, to which h» is 
at any time perpendicular,' fb AnaKa )iiMftsty as th^c 
-of & or 3 hoors riding ean make no ^fible difference 

to the eye of the traveller. But, 

X J. The beft modern alftr'dnbmidr^ ire fo far from 

allowing the diurnal courfe of the Stin, tlwt they 

^eny his -annual courfe, and m^inlaffi hira to be iiii- 

moveably fix'd hi a center, as we have more than 

once obfcrv*d in former papers. But the rcfuk of your 

queftioo (sthe fame, w^^cther the Earth or Sun iye 

the center of the world. And ^nce there are fo great 

a variety 4>f ^the very ikme Phdwmena*s, whfc4)ibever 

of the two be fuppos'd to move^ they wbo fub* 

fcribe to tbcCd^ernf^Ao-ryftein, may often intccom- 

fnodation to the vulgarly recciv*d opinion, (and in 

fcveral particulars they generally do fo ) exprefs them- 

felves in the Plolematck (lile. 

Qj Fray render into Englifh 'ver/e theft iw9 fdkwmi^ 
»hiw -arefmnd in Raphael the painter's kfi, 

lUe hie tfi. Rafhael, timteh, quo fifpite, ^inei 
Rerum magna parens, ^ mmentt mm, 
A, This he, whom nature f^ar'd ; loth to his art 
In's life to YIELD, and at his death DEPART. 
Q. The anfwerym gave to tlufe jectshtr fellows^ 
q^ old Rofe's (ingtog and burning the bcHows, 
Jfks fo very ingemus ^ gained you renown. 
In cottage, in palace, in comtry andtowt : 
Wherefore^ T, tho* a ruftick, have ^r^d to make ioU, 
The meaning to ask of a faying that's old. 
That the cfigin taufe of the wwds yon* d unfold* 

R r 4 " Which 



} 



} 



P2X> The BmtiSH Apollo. 

-fl^i/kh ^tw §n uid wkm we fit tittk mtU, 
Xftr a f»t tf goU mU, 0t$ the fign rf th$ hgitk i ^ 
Of tbtt h^ffy pur tkaf wert itsk'd m the thmtk^ 
JbU §f thM firkm maid th$t was irft m the Ugrcb, 
And Jkch like- dtfimrfe^ wkich mU the pUm knnfs^ 
Mm whm w$ with €M$m « fiertt d^defi^^ 
Wt oy, I^e it ipok€lD, $ir, unto the ro£; ? 
Ji, You ihall meet with aa anfwer ai true ai U 
ihoOt^ Sir, 
Of bufwng the heUowh 0ndfmgmg tU rofe» Sir. 
And £nce tbou ict'ft up for the joeukr trade. 
Be it known that we love fuch a jolly old blade, 
^You nouil kxiow> Sir, the Roie was an emUeoi of 

old, 
Jf/hoCt leaves by tbeir doftnefs taught (ecrets to hoUi 
And 'twas thence it was painted o'er tables {o oh 
As a warning, left when with a frankneis men icoft 
i^^tthitir neighbour, their Lord, their hi prteft, or 

their Hation»» 
Some amongft 'em, next day, (hou'd betray conTcrfr 
tion, 
Q. / have a Welch r fi/«/, geat fplattef a nail I 
^ mfirtfi doth nuike hts ehaps wMer^ 
TU* hiimddk fe gny^ his Uwdmfs d0n*t.fiul, 

jind eamtjily longs to h at her, 
ffhoever heholdeth her dtlUate Jhafe^ 

fVith tifffs and my ptsnch'anel keldtrs, 
IVillfwear from tss three was coffd the rape 
' * Of Sufan attacked Sy the elders. 
The damfei is verfms^ nseft prudimly fhy^ 

And of fuch a cummg ^haviottrt 
Sometimes I think he, then again he thinks I 

Am gotten mofi into her favour. 
Apoiio, rU ftick to thjf Jhr'me like a Sur, 

Umilyou do find tss feme rules. Sir, 
Hew we may dsfcoMr which (he does prefer^ 

Or if fije snakes both of us fools j Sir f 
tff; To make yon both nizeys, it never can be, 
. * iSince natstre hath made you fuch tools, 
llcl^or'd.you your childhoods, then certain^ 7k» 
Will never of children make fools. To 



The BiiiTisir.ApOLE.0. joi 

.*Fo telU in her faroor, wbicb of /m umA are>l 

Is bard, %ce bv cither harangu'd. 
We've reafon |o think that (he did not jBKicb care^ 
If both the k»d dders ware bm^d. 
Q* ^ t^ i$Qar tbm in. 
7jmr 4Uvkt ft«y mftm 
7^ $fte M poor mU'tMo enMOtn, 
ffho iy fo^^os mi cisftp 
And oiker mfltt^^ ^ 
Ij fodm*d to ikfcmnanm mfmwu 
Wormy wfio*$ tmt^t^Jirmu 
AM Vm « t(di maih 
My tyos »o fi$idrmto tny hUd% 
Wkh lof^ Uuatno^jtws^ 
Hiijgm liko to trrit oUm$l 
And « c^Uttr «/ fdo at ono dmd f 
A. Bj the image lure meant, 
Yiva almoftrepff^^llli^. 
; A juft inftance of heaiiglt #y[>kaftiiw$ . 
. Eor your- terrible ]^ii^ 
. Aa farce humane ititr 
Seems to favour oU ^huMnoKXM. 
Tho* his vices were grcat» 
Yet his woea were compleat* 
And whatever the quails may aflure ye, 
5ucb ft diet as \AStr 
Tho' .you jthink^ it amiiK 
Is the means that may probably core yotx;. 
Q* H^sat It tho itnport of thofi wrds mi dor. 
jLvu zt.-Jf Mf,mMtt loofo mt tho Lord Jefus Cbri/I> Ui 
him he Anathema Maranatha I 

A* AMthomit is a Grook word, and primasily^ fig* 
.mfie^ an execration, but metonymicaUy, a p^&n de- 
.voted or accqried. 

Maratuuha, is Sj^ruuk, and fi|;nifies thaLord comei, 

.that is, to the utter extirpation (^^ fo profii^te.a 

wretch^ or Jet him be rekvv^ to the dreadful com* 

ing of the Son of God, to the, terrible appearance «tf 

tbojtulgo of idl tho oarth* Sitke therefore Afyr^mtha 

Js;Of the like import with An^thomt the ApoilJc 

Kr f maker 



nia)ceS('Ule:«f^*botfa (be wtfrd» to reprcftnt, thatfo 
blafj|>bemous, fo exccf alxile a ptfribb is worthy of a 

Q^I defreytiki^ £iv$ sn ^x^0imi0m pf Gen, ly^ 16^ 

Then began men to call upon the name of the Lord? 

^. In the former part of the verfe we read that 

Seth bad a fon whom be call'd Eft^s. Now the word 

in Hebrew (ignifics a ma^i 9Xk&is defiv'd from a radix, 

which imports to htfickly 0nd wettkfy. And there* 

fore Sfth, by coatVeiting xh%t appeUative Into a propa 

name, and imposing <it on^bT#^on, iecms at 'that time 

to have more particularly confidef'd the weaknefs and 

imbecillity of human«Vace, of which every day's expe* 

rience prefented him with, more pregnant and lively 

inflances. And fironl 44ie^eonnderatHMi of fuch de- 

. plorable weaknefi/ ^h jameotable imbedllrty,- he 

might be naturally* luiftlcfd to perfuade his family to 

be more ferious^, niore Afemn rhah men litfd^generally 

been before,ihi the'^iitieS'Ofpkty/in'theexerrife of 

religion. And it h n6 UB^mntaion fixdde of ipeech, 

to couch the comparaHvcf degree under that of the 

pofitive. • I -^ 

Qj^ W&y was a fim'1»iirried *»wntm ammg the Ro-^ 
mans obUged to t$tuh.jm-tmd wm^^ 

A, The 'leu^m f^fied <anfidt Witfi ahy Arid 
propriety of fpccch be fa id taWldng^tit^ ileW married 
women, becaufe it ^iw part • tof ^Mft jiuptml fblem- 
»ity. Upon IHefeidif^ettttartcfe into the bridegroom's 
boufe' (afftejp '\^hfcb*tiiwr€? were Avi^al cercniu>nics 
periWnacd ) ttip keys of the houfe wa-e firil ddiverM 
to her. ( to denote that (he was the miftrefs of the 
•fiimily 5 tho\ indeed there are too many husbands a- 
ibo% ^(S'Chvi/lians; .who oie eveti their prudent and 
difcreet wives more like menial Servants than mi- 
tltrefle^ of Ae hoyj&.iii reidyire tbcy to 'forget that 
%iHirr^ge^promiitf, Hfk&'w^gbodt t fhee Maw) ^tH 
ititn th^ bridegroom preftnftd iier With li^a'veflels, 
the one of fire, and the other of water. Anti as thefc 
two ytff^As were mtended for emblematical reprcftn* 
tativesj ]fo one of tbefe two dtfieieat /ignifications it 
* • "" " ' ~ " ' - - alTignVJ 



^^. BRITISH Apollo, pzj 

«4flSgfi1) to thems •ittmen m'ftn U of a purifying^ 
and water of a cleandog nature, fb the coAonMurjr ule 
^f thfcBS wt arc fpcaktng of, Qi)ix.%ire b«t that un- 
^in^ jHirity, that uwiolabierClMtity, that becomes 
the wife of our bofom : Or thoie two elements iBiy 
be deflgn'd as a pledge of the bride and. bridegroom's 
adhering to on^ another in their greatefl neceffities ifi 
their utmoft needs. And therefore this pledge is cor- 
Yef^oti^hit to tboie tifotaa) attd becotoing pfOmiles ia 
our matrimonisrroffice tf hifirtg bse another in fick^ 
mfs mdiw^tetikh. ^A ftV»^nd"INttft' n^ay )*eprbfenc 
fuch a Arid adbcfetKe upMi <ai MDfi»14 iiecount i ei- 
ther* becafife as i\iej <«r6 ifodf^uliifuK €\st^ to^cdflTarf 
i^mcfits, fo they fhay %e tUtetiphofrkaUy fignifiesnt of 
all the nedeffirtea t^\Wt\ 0^ s§ VhSt comraoih %rng 
may expound it, I ifiUgb lM fk% md W4t&*t9fifU$ 

But as ei<!tier of theft t#0 r<Mbn»'f«>ri)igtt'd» (b 
we cannot fee, f^y%otb df theMa A ^MicfeviK^frthot 
^Ve been intocTM by the VUftolfr. . 

Q^ The meariin^ of that exfrl'jgfon, n6 ]pcnny, no. pa- 
tftr nofter ? 

ut. No penny refers to the P^/»r's pence, a tribute * 
with oqr anceddrvbefoxe the ref^r onacion paid to thf 
Pbpe of ItMM. .And .« fitter n^er ar^ the two .firft 
Words of the ltord\s Jr^^ir^ \vi LMtin^ to tteyaie ni^d 
for the title of the* whole. And therefore the ix^aa? 
ing of that expreifipn is^ tig nm^» no fra^srs^ 

Q^ll^ tt tkt fmmh fix xtrrA$it9d t^ » fhip.t 

A, Bccaufe a (btp carrfes burdens, and therefore re* " 
fcmblcs a pregnant woman. And this rtf^mblancc \i 
mpre remarkaHc with regard to rhft ftiodcfn drefil 
iSce the fails of ^ '/hip arc ftmewhat ^gftt^Ie tp a 
l*iom^n*s toppings. And j^crhaps th<^ iuthbr^ of thJs* 
denomination roig?it dcfign it s^ a fjityr upanHh^ fejc^ 
drthmfcitigthat a wa^ferilig (hip^tfi&t is refi'd up and I 

down by every wind, ^as no unfuitable emblem oi 
their reputed inconflanq^. 

R r ^ <ywhi X I 

^ J 



r9i4 yfc British Apollo. 

<^ why the $nM$0fi ndnmrs tf tm^ 4te gmerniOf 
great dev9t%t$ u hve f 

' A. Becaufe Iwe is the barnmf of the /M^ mi 
{therefore fympathixtfs with that which afife^b the 
finfi. " . 

<!^ ff%enc$ cMme the faying^ that London-bridge is 
built upon wool-packs ? 

A, An impoft laid on wool, maintain'd the charge 
when-iliat prodigious pile was raised. 

Q. re Britifli bards; <0vif^d with ^mmts bays^ 



Pfhife eUqttma foU$t^ Mf$d wit dhfti, ^ 

M'Drydeo, WalierV» andthemtfi fMhrn ^Y* ^^^^ 

Imfravithepnfintjm wiil Nrfs/acceedrngtimirj 

ytrmu ikywth wifh Mtximt cart epfreft^ 

2b vent^ the JMtPig paffims rfkis ireMft. 

I ioycy ha dare mt^mttfinoi Im/e'decUiti ^ 

Lejt t$ mffrknd I fimdd wijuft affear^ 

t0fe Seing fire'd to Imm his dar^ fttr, 

CemfeU'd me r> attend^ te foeth her eare^ 

Jl»d keep her tender Jetd frem fhmgmg m de/pdlr. 

J ffvn'dlUng hadtev'dthe dmrnung darne^ 

And that her ccnverfe vmU rrvive tm fiamet 



I 




Xft vmld I rather jufi and faithful pteve 
Unte myfriendi and firm tnvas&tg me, 
Bat 6h ! Her parfeS form ! Her mtkmg eyes! 
Jtnd tender accents de my fud fitrprixd* 
PPhatJhaU 1 ih,ye erodes divine, 
Din^ my wuth, guide my mftalii mkuU 
That lof^ has with alternate paj/kns jt^eve^ f] 

Se that I m«j eur friendfliip mere in^we, > 

Jind ^ it can be demy love with pktonick love \ J 
A. Moft gen'jrons youth, that would'ft at ona im» 
prove. 
The tics of friendihip, and the Uift of lo? c» 



If 



/X 



SJfiBKituu Apollo, sai" 

If Ibe poflHsM qpears wttb. tboughCA^refiQ'dy 
nefpile external rormSf tnfped^ the miad : 
Let food ahrms aa more your hre^ coocroul. 
But learn to pris^qr bright firsfif^ fi>u]». 
So (hall 70a iln/f znd^fiwidfUp too parfue* 
And ft ihaU both their iimn fix in you. 

Q. A'Jf , /«/? mf , G01/ Apollo, w^ 

Philander, whm Mimi, 
Tirmfy nfihis bis fiite u trjti 

JbU mtiki tus paMm kntmu 
" Tb$ whm hit9 bU Cbloe gm^ 

Sf fiemi wHb0$ti ^Ufkis, 
SMfs rmbmx to tbi furftfi, hm^ 

jAd deeenty fitiris f 

jL From diffrent caofo this may light. 
The fwmn may in his mind, 
' Tijitm an idt4 far more bright^ 
On v^ much dedinM. 
Or not vp to her pow'rfiil cbMrmi, 
So when he makes^bisyiM^, 
• The morgjf of brisk aisrms 
May ilrike the kver putii. 

Q. Ti fios rfdurk Pinto, smi mi tf Apollo, 
H^hcm none haTmwti ibv#, Mdmne 6§$t. fwAifilbmi 
I difk ym n till m$ the nnfm, ( d^tfiH) 
¥0y one dtg dub/mtU attnoiber do^'s tail f 

A. For th' reaibns aforeraid» yMi jUKov us tbus» 
With queHlons your felf the more fit to difcufs 1 
For iucb (hallow judgments they being moil fit. 
Since the foolifheft ptffy the reaifon may hit, 

(^ 'Bf»f. tdl nu, Apolk), 
9Pbf U is wbm I M2i«, 
I biiir tie fmnd wn Mgsm i 
If this ym d» mfwer, 
Tfu'U gnMtlf sdvmu$t Siri 
Th wi$ tf Si tgtittry /wain f 
A. The noi& mo? eth round. 
Till ibme vmttif is found, 

X ^hcnct 



"p2d5 STbi Br i t i s m ' A Jp di. l a 

Wheved it ^mity pfpfftMj^' dbt^. 
Much Mte to a^, 
When 'tit AnicktD a wnlf. 

It returns to the jWfc^r again. » 

Q. pf^ Mi Mielchffedeck ? 

jf. Meichifidtek Was King §f S^km, ^i prif/l tf the 
high God. And as he waiii prkft, fo be was a gttiter 
one than Aaront in thajt wbni mmtlm fritfi mtft^ even 
the Son of God himfIeK; Jie was cftliVI i^arr tke-efder 
pf Melchifedecit, and nar 4^ ajb ariir 4^ ^iMVilr He» 
who was ^i^ trightnefs tf hh BMthm*4 jfarf^ ^tmdtlk ex- 
frefe image of his fnfon % he» in whom <Mr fUnefs tf 
the Godhead dwek Soddf i evm ht Wias M ftief^fiif k/er^ 
after the order of Melchifedeelt, 

• Q. ffhethir the magm thM were tmd ctmt^lMil.tbe 
kteakmg of the great fwoji* werf net fae^tyt I v . . 

A* It is to bev fuppos'dj that ifuch wagcren as 
thefe look no further {yeix)!i i*ej{ard tQ .thaif freient 
thoughts^ than^loncceirary tS^Qns, tbao to nataral 
produdtons, than to leoonchcauiea^ For woiikl they 
but look up to the firft, to the direi^iag cau& j would 
they but conlidcr, that it n God ytho giveth Jh$m like 
voolt andfoattereth the hoar-frofl like ajhes ; that it is 
Gpd who cafieth forth his ice like morfeU, fo.that none 
are able to a&ide hit frojls ^ that it is he who fendeth 
forth his word and melteth them i who bhweth vith his 
mnd^ (md the waters flow j would they but coniidef 
this, thcj would out of modcfly forbear to play with 
an over- Filling providence, to fport with the deiigni 
of tBeir Almighty governour, and adl {q ludicrous a 
part in any thing, that concerns the proceedings ot 
their Maker. If therefore they wouW but ftatc their 
wagers/ as. they juftly might j were they but to fiy, 
7 will venture foy or fo,' that God willremcrtft the fiofl 
by fnch or fucha tone, they couid not chuft but blufli 
at €0 unwarrantable a pracHce. 

Q_ / had twenty founds left me by my uncU, which 
money was to be paid ttte when J ivas eighteen^ which I 
now am. The money was put in my father^s hands, who 
it a very fubftantial ffMn, and I have hit bond far it, but 



'Vhrnfr if ^ Uwfkl fir jjie n uihe th$^mcnej/ cmrary u 

Jl A»4t 4s your 'father tbtt detains^^our fight, to 

the leift you owe*' to- fo near, fodear a relative, fs to 

receive jour due by no other method, than ;hat of a 

dired, t( not a voiuotary paytncrit. And "therefore 

"•me 4nay«d<hters you in the vcfj words of an Apottle^ 

Wfy J$ym nU niher fiifftt wrong f Whf doym mt fa- 

iher pfir y^r^^ t9 ht- defrauiifd'r But Wh%t, tbo* 

t^ ftt^n thftt would injun; yon^ were a f!ranger to 

-you ? If jufticc'pertmt you tb fcjz* yourownl yet 

fo fraudttleot, fo clandefline a feizurc is no w^ysiuit- 

sble to the candour, to the finccrity ot a Chriftiao«, 

, And rtMfi-tffb^e, t^o' by ib crafty a proccifurt jrpa may 

<laim one p^rC of a true Chriflian'^ charad^r. may 

{retend to-be as wife ksaferfmt; -jit wtcatj^ot ft- 
urc'^ )Fou^ the other;: May the better part, cannot 
ecknowledge yoQ tpbe «/ harmk/i *aiA iouk. But coii- 
teder''«4oii ttiat yoo know not whsrt! unhappy d]Ar- 
ence6;'\4^t melaneholy dtflurbances, fo treacherous a 
jullite may unfortunately produce f • Where is then 
youf compliance with th^t admirable precept, f^lkw 
$fHr th thng$ ihta mfiktfffr pente, Btit. allowing, that 
lio coofider^Kle diffcrenfecf, no great drfturbances en* 
fue, yet- innocent perfbnl -may %^ tall'd inqiieftfon ^ 
yte may caufe a-blemiffito that gitffd mmt^ 'which h 
itli& -iBah' freiiokf difffMnt ; i6 ^that "^ftx'^ frvowi 
Which"// rdther toiti^fin thaipfivtr i^ntt gdd. And 
tfcereforie? wcperfoade'our felves From that tendernefa 
of confeiencr, whfch the intenrion of your qdeflioa 
fe«ms to manifeft, that you will not be fo ungenc- 
rOuifly warptljy st felfifh lore, as to be pryuft to 0- 
thersi io-ofdci* to db'jdilice to your Fcff, 
<■' Q^H^sytht'^fikl xf f^dn, at fmeiif^ affenri fi lhely\ 
vipn^Hi mt'd'^iiivfifh^afh fnd vpfrehenjtve, 'cApa6k rf 
ttJiiriihg iip fivefil fixities in their genuine order, and 
yet jhnU-in Ufi ififtant he reversed-, thut life that diffUytd 
ft felffr vigermjfy, finks to the lowefi eth of anxiety i and, 
that fregrwtief, tkaifaHtioHfmfi whkh before fc flentiful^ 



'9^9 STke B-iti T I s H A p'O l x.;o^ 

.^m% lies dffrmMfU 49J mixirtij. 2W^#i GmAmtkZ 
jffuruiifini, wlytbefmtkusifsbeJwl^fimUSifMiyi^ 
H fi fudJin n tranffefifm^. /me me eecafim^d iy e^ 
freoMt^ fear of danger, ^c w^mimi^l^ieeujiefprixjef 
A. That the foul of man in her. prc6at &tc of 
liiiion, does very much depend in her. opentioa8» 
from the difpoution of the body, hath been fercral 
times inculcated in ibme of our former papers. Hence 
'it evidently follows, that when any fudden dteratxoa 
B»>pens in the body, the fame may. and does often 
, anally happen in the foul. But t(^ be a littfe mors 
particular* we muift further ob&rv^ that no coofti- 
tuent part of the body may receive £0 ^uick su alte- 
cation, nor £b nearly a£(eds the ibul, as what we caU 
' the animal ipirits, that i^ that iiibtle li<)uor lc|Ntfated 
from the blood, in the cordical pai't of the braxq, and 
which aif^uates the fame, and the nerycs^ derived from 
'it. Now, when, that liqi^or is duly qu^ified, and 
confifts of fuch volatile and balfamick parts, as it is 
.naturalTy made of, and moves regularljv tl^en the ibol 
is chearful, vigorous^ and capable of exerting well aB 
its ieveral operations. But when on the contrary^ 
.tiiefe ipirits coniift of too gro(s and Huggifli parti- 
cles, or have contraded. ibme other ill quality, and 
£ill into diforderly caotions, then the Com. muft tike? 
wife grow dull, or anxious and uneatie. Whatever 
then may cauie fuch fudden alteration in tbefe animaT 
Jpirits> may or dotz likewiie produce one in the ibul. 
And there are ieveral things may do it 5 but we think 
there is none fo conimon and unive^fal, as the diffe- 
rent constitution of the atmoiphere, or circumamhi* 
lent air, which according, to the different vapours and 
. exhalations with which it is filled, or according to its 
greater or leiTer weight, hath a. very, differed infill? 
cnce on the fpirits, and the brain or nerves in which 
they are contained. Next to the. air, we believe no* 
riling is more apt to cauie that fudden change in the 
difpofition of the animal fpirits, than % troublefbaie 
weight upon the ftomach, from ibmething of hard 
^geftiott» or fome grofs humours gathered thore.. 



ne British Apollo, pjlj^ 

Q. fPbat is jUef't Whtn is thtfiini tf M mm whm 
h*s ajkef f Hm is it tmfky*i then t Smm MHtftbi^ 
fiman, tbof it goes from kisth vhich I tuiq bs^J^ endk i 

A. Not to take notice of that prepofteroos teoet» 
tbat the ibul takes its kave from the fleqping, bodyb 
we would obferre, that it is a cootrorerted poiaCi 
mn anima fimptr €9gitit^ whether the ibul always thinks. 
They who maintain .the affirmative^ aca>ant for our 
non-cpnicioufaeis of what we thought df, while wc 
were afleeps unlefi we were in a dream, by the pka 
of non-reminifceoes. . But we think the o^ative ap- 
parent, in that we may obibrve when we ml ^fleep, 
not all at once, but by advances and d^ees» that .even 
while we are confcious of our thoughts, thofi: thoughti 
approach continually nearer to inadvertency. We are 
therefore of opinion, that from the intimate union oi 
the foul and body, our faculty of thinking lies uncx^ 
erted in our deeping bodies, as being impeded bjr 
that particular dilpolition of the organs. 

qT, Whjf dns fiiow (tnd water nw^d togethtr with fa^^ 
msikeH fretzi f 

A. The fmall and inienfible particles of which wa« 
ter and other fluids aw compoied* are in a conftoual 
motion and flux, Aiding like fo many fmall eels one 
upon another, and when that motion comes any ways 
to be (lopt, the fluid muft lofe its fluidity, and he 
thickned or congealed It is then to be fuppofed, that 
. out of the mixture of fliow with fait, there arifelh 
fuch a compound, as is apt to ioflnuate it felf into 
the pores of the water, and fo entangle its panicles, 
that rhey can no more move as they did >i|/»rtf, nor 
.continue in the iame flux. 

Q. Why dvth fntm melt fomer upon fiene than ttfm 
mead f 

A* Snow melts fboner upon (lone than upon wood, 
becanfe the moifture of the air ftops and gathers more 
upon the Surface of the ftone> its pores being clofqr 
and fmallcr, than upon that of the wo04* whofe 
pores are bigger and loofcr. 

^ Pyhet^ et w 1/ freezes m the mt whm kfnewf ? 

A. SAOf» 



A, Stt^w being nothing Irat water orvspoors eoa^ 
f ealed, we intj coniidefitiy affirm, that it freezes in^ 
that place frmn whence it comes. Befides^ fince when 
<lrfflows it-isTilWays rcry tfAii here bckiw, and Ence 
«xp^rieiict» fts -weH as remn teaches, that it is ftill 
ccOlder in ' the' middle rejgion of the ak, Whe^e^e 
4ireteors M- f(M*(iied, we maj very rcafoolibly con- 
'4elirde, that in fnowy weather 4t is cold enough there 
to freeze. * 

Q^ h i$ t^^ M ^ tSmtleman t9 he in lovi mth * 
'LMdf, and na to^6t nneafie if he knems he hss a rrvnl f 

ji* Wc -believe ft is not only poffible for a Gentle- 
man to be eade when he has a rival, but that he may 
«H(b receive •iiidsBi^'ioA from thence 5 we' mean if he 
•Bas ah afcetfddnt over him ; but if hi^ rival be fa- 
"vour^d, it wiH try his< utmolfl philoibphy to retain a 
"ftrene mind. 

Q. I depre you to favour me roith the method of fcan* 
mtig the underwritten verfe in Lilly'/ Grammarm 

Pro ialro 'falfo falui« 6c amicio anaicui dot* 

HeJ kt t ifimu . Sfmdmphs ^nMrefis. 
A. Pro Sal to Sail o Sala i^eca mictami ciii dai. 

Qi ^ght ^i^Mckoftrttth, convinced ij'thte^ 
'' IhAt mm eommifflm*d hy Akmghtj fawW 
"Rteeiv'd the precepts pf divinity^ 

• Tranftnitted from an unexhaufted fbre. 

JBy heaven's omnrfcient wifdom thus inffir'Jt * 

In eharaSets rndellbU 4f9 ptn% 
( Thus vith celefiial ztal of brightntfs fir^d) 

The faered writ, and what therein's tmtav^d,^ 
Comjim*dofthis^ but more than this Vve readi 

• Horn that the Chr^ian*s Qod from realms ^6&vii 
3^ earth, from thpfe delightful masons fid. 

All el'er eompajfen, and all over love 
To fave mankind 
^ut heffe myfakh, my infant faith* s confused, 
' f09en I rtfiei on tl/ manner of his birth. 
When providence his mercies thus diffused. 

In fiifding (fhis darHrfi-Smmemh.' " 



If 



t *■ 



"The Hvitrtiit Apoi-lo. "p^i 

Jf frtm thofe regims pf eternal lights 

uilmighty fower did his oppring fend^ 
*Xis ftr/mgCt when from thofe orBs he took his figbt» 

Angels themfelvei did not, the godhead tend {. 
And thoufdnd ferafhi WiybUng forth his fraife%' -^ 

Rejmd that thef cohd inMs,freffnce waih ^ ♦ r 

ff^ft the cekfllal choir their voices rktfe, 

With himns ofj(^ his worth to celebrate. 
Since eaftem monarchs^ when theyVe [em abrond^ 

Thoufands to them a dread obedience fay, 
PTtth adorations treated as a Cod, 

IfifirMffo/'thHs, their vafals thus obey, 
Jf then to mmarchs here fuch fow'r is gh% 

Omnitofenfe may fure reijttire much more, 
lis this that {hocks my faith to think that heav% 

f0fom all tSe fotentates on earth ,a^ore» ' ' , 

Shou'd fmd his darling fo obfcur^ 
A, Whj Angels did attend the infant God, 

And hcav'nly choriftcrs proclaim *d hi^ praifir i 
OF pardon fang, (not judgment's drcadfbrrod) . -^ 

And ufhcr'd in hi* birth with tuncfiil lays* ' '. * " 
" Eternal fame to majcfty. above j ' ' . * 

" Melordious chardis of peace on earth l^ilbw : 
" Mercies declarative of bouridlcfs love, . 

" The tree of life to banifh'd mortals fliow. ' 
But wou'd you ask. why fo augufl a King.' 

Cbofe not to feize proud Rome*s imperial feat i 
Why (craphims zftabUd monarch fing, 

And tell poor (hcphef ds his gbfcurc. retreat ? 
God'i thoughts are not'as,man*s i our ^aicer'j; v/[^/, 

Ref^rain am\)itious nature's tow 'ring *wing : " 
Then fhepherds firft efpy heav'n's fhrouded rays» 

And firaphims a flabled monarch fing, ^ 

'Tis God's delight to raife the hwnble foul« 

And mount the lowly to jsl nobler iphere : 
He loves the vain afpircr tq controuU 

And make the comet's blaze to difappci^. 
This ! This ! Ah ! This the bumble virgin's themci 

Who> the' an uioknojvii nuud> cnclQs*4 ber fire » 

> But 



9}^ Tie British Apoii^l^o. 

But fcarce couM think it other than a dreanj» 

When queens wou'd gladly to her fame afplre* 
Mfims fearch, that chriftian pr<^het read j 

Atd there th^ unpitied man rffinws view : 
behold the monacicb pre-ordain'd to bleed. 
And King MfJJtah to his grave purfne. 
Had Chrifi appear'd with radiant fplendor dred. 

While cherubs thro* the worid his name re(band'» 
Tbt frmci rfpeaa had left mankind unbleft, 
And jS^s that rebel, no Mtootmem found* 
But to a mnk, ^ki»fy King vft owe, . , 

The King hy Zachaty defcrib'd of old; 
That we, bleft mortals ! ftall in raptures fibw. 

And in thpie f!arry orbs, the angelick choir enfdi 
Kow the forlorn refumes his fplendid beams* 

£ncirc]ed in his primogenial light > 
Afigels revere his emanating ftreams. 

And iaints adore the beatifick fight. 
Thus they, who this fuSmiJ^e G^d fhall tracc». 

Content to bear the poignancy of fliamer 
Shall fhine as fbremofi in their chriftian race^. 

And 'greater lights fuperior glory claim*. 
t . Q« To ymtr father Vm ioU, 
Sy the learned ^ eid^ 
Tie £p0d pilaws were wane to repair^ 
When their cattle were fira/d^ 
Ought was Ufi or mifiaid, 
Jbtd he'd tell when th^'d find *em, and vherfs 
. Now my mifirefs is fikd^ 

(Oh I. the thought ftrikes me deadt) 
Jtid has left a. fad lever tehind her i 
But your dud having made 
* Jill you heirs to Ms tradt^ 
fray tell «w, great Sirs, where to find her f- 
ji. Such cattle as yours. 
Are out of our pow-rs. 
They'll turn into £6 many (hapes, 
.^ They'll flip your hands h^re, . 
' "And you mifs of them therci. 
So fWiftly the phantom efcapei • 

May; 



He BtnTisH Apollo, pj^* 

Nay, did not our JaJ, 

Find his cafe full as bad. 
When on Dapkms he coa'd not prevail i 

Then pray foolifli Kalfb, 
Ke*er tbink your ftlf fife, 
Hhilfi ym hold « vtt itt iy th§ faih 

Q. i§i reiki m Gen. y« 28, 29. i^ fiOffmfijf wmit^ 
And Lamteh lived an hundred and eighty two yearsb 
asd begat a ion : And he called his name NM^ lay- 
ing, this fame (haD comfort us concerning the work 
and toyi of our hands, hecaulc of the sround which . 
tbe Lord hath curied. Tour expofim ^tbifinfe I 

ji. It fitas ufual with the patriarchs^ when tbey 
gave^ names to their children, to turn appellatives into 
proper names, and that agreeably to the circumftancea . 
of times and peribos. And therdfore thoie expreifions, ' 
the fitmi fiuM comfirt. m\ Sec. are a paraphraftical in*, 
terncetation of the word Kwh. For the Hi^m ap« 
pi^Iative nU %nifies refrtlhrntnt. 

But to ihew vou how l^oMh was a comfort Cor ' 
refreihment to the then preient generation, epnarnmg 
the wgrk and t<yl of their hmuh, ieciufe efthe grmnd 
iMch the Lvrd hfid e$trfed» we mud con6der, that af« 
ter a curie was p^ upon tbe earth, for the (in of 
OUT Bt& parents, (be who was before an mdulgienc 
mother, became a fevere ilep- mother, and in furniih- 
log her ions with neceflary food, (he verify'd thole 
words denounc'd to Adam, in the fweat ef thy face 
fluUt thou eM hrend. Then ceas'd that golden age, of 
which the poet fpeaks ; 

hi^ etism fruge$ telUts iosraia ferebat ; 
Ke§ rittev^ttm itger gravidis csneSat mfiis* 

,A plenteous crop arofe from unplow'd earth $ 
Andlfields nntill'd, cou'd boaft a num'rous birth.' 

But as we read in Gen, ix. 20. that l^o/Ut heg^n to 
be an husbsnJman, ( which laft word in tbe Hebrew 
original, is by way of periphrafis expreft, man ef 
the eartht and therefore gave birth to that poetical 
fiftion of Satwn aad BJna) fo Lamech kerns to pro- 

. phcfic. 



phefie, that Noiih and his pofterity fhouki make fach 
improfcmenc in the methods'" of agriqulture^ in the 
art of hjishaodij» (hoiild invent tifch proper' inftru* 
meots, and other ncceflajrie^ for that employ ipent, as 
that the fatigue, the drmlgery of husbandmen (hould 
be abundantly \e& than 'it had been oefore., 

Or the words may be a predi^ion, that Noah fliould 
ftknt a vmejrarJ, For fmct tp'me •maketh glaJ the htwa 
iffhUk, ^ fo What mdre proper than wm^ to cohifiit 
husbandmen in all the vcrk and wl of tbtir hands. 

'/f .'the' word rrfped^ the curfing of the gtotmd fty 
ah^i\iverfa! deluge, (thd* this con(!Tu6tiori fceoiF not 
to US' to be fb altogether natural) then it neceilarily 
follows, that Nm^ is therefore foretold to comfort 
or refrefh mankind, becaufe defign'd to be the refto* 
ref '6f the poft-diluvian world. 

' <5. /« the fhilofiphtcal tran/aSiioTU of June ii. i66^l 
th^ Iht a chronological account cf the fever at inctndmmi 
or *firis of' mount* i£tna, and afterwards proceed thus, 
Norn whether thefe^ eruptions are' caused by aSittul fuher>' 
raneous firei^ lighting upon a combUfiiHe matter^ or by 
fire ftruck out of falling and breaking flmesl whofe fparkt 
nieet with nitrofulphureous, or other inflammfibk fidftan- 
ces; heap\d together in the bowels of the eart^, mid hj the 
expanfive violence 4f the fire, .forc*d.;fo take maro room, 
ayd fo bur fling out wi}h the impetuojuj we fee, may net 
he. unworthy <?/ a 'phdofopher'sf peculation. ' 

ifOWy Gentlemen,' the query, H^ot in your judgment h 
tie taufe of theft eruptions f 

A, We thmk thcic eruptions . may be caufed not 
only tbcfc two ways, but alfb, that the oombuftible 
matter contained in thofe bowels of the earth with- 
out the help of any a€hial fiibterlraneous fire, or foi&e 
accideQt%. lighted by thefallibgaadfiriktag of ft^Ots, 
mayrtake fire of.it fclf, mperiy by the intcftine rao- 
tionof its/ particles, as we ice thatra heap of hay, or 
foroe other matter will fomctimes do. 

Q^ Tour opinion is defired, to inform how the word 
Doctor ought to bt fpelt accofding to the true orthogra^ 
phy thereof. Ont of the parties contending holds, that the. 

JyUablet 



j^Mailit JhoM M diyhlid skm, TU&. Ho^m^^ ih otktm 

timui^ vi&. i^^,: 0f9d hth frferriktmj^ts\to fmt dem» 

fim t :..••:".>..> 

. wf . It is a ^eral ruk in: irpfidmt thst wiiere twr 

cimfoBffUift ia> a- dcfivative ^rocoed froiii:.oBG jwly.ii> 

the prinmiTew there ortbograpby places iwtb the omm 

fimamsin the/£uaBe.'fylkbl«.. Since tJie»dof(i the nvoB 

<on£»nants B in the word Do^^r, are derived fvon^ 

the confonant c onljr ji»/tiM; i9^d I^oi' xbc S i^hft 

not be disjoyoU ' but iMvr nmft be. tkat^ wrk D^- 

Q. , / h»vi tftm heiHrdpeoph of v$rj^giod wxptrh/ici in 

CvUieriis ilifeiurfe, whetbir cr nti th§ e^.voe9 wrm^htp 

does not from tho pilUt4jb»$ mo Ufi to.kefpMp.dk earth, 

in timo*irow, and come t^ iti former ff^/ftmfijMUdoK^' 

^tont? • -V 

uf. If we do not miAake your m^awng^tyou icent 

to intimate, that^in a Coljery, .tbe>kit]0r jooociWties 

left after working the cpal^t.of it,\maf.in ttwatba. 

filled by the growth of tho& piRarf jMet are left to 

ktep up the earth, biit as we do not hear that it was 

ever found to be fo ,byexp(»i4a£ci io neviher do we* 

think it confonant to xeaiipQ that oiinerals flioiikl 

grow like« or rather much ^noreithto the organii'd 

bbdies of vqgctablet ^ animals. 

Q. / am one that commonly wt^erjz tr- 18 tk^fts in 

a dayp for I cannot jemt^nvxy nme Ung. .Now 1 defirm 

to knoio from whence fo large a quamity if urine fljould 

froceed, fmco I drink as feldom as any perfin whatevelf't 

and thei^ut little, I Ukemife fwat very mutb all tho 

ftffnmer, whether I /iir or not* night and day, and fonU". 

times in the winter, 1 am alfo very much fuhjeB to Idetd 

at nofe all the wiruet\ inhether I ftir or not^^ but, Mery feU 

dwh or never in the fummer, I fhould ho very glad t^ 

know from whence the caufe. proceeds, and whether aA 

thefe evacuations will ^ be prejudicial to my heOleh, if 

they fhould confinue fome reafmaJfU time^ and, whether it 

would be proper tb flop any of thefe evacuations i 

A. Tho* you mention frequent difcfaargcs of urine, 

yet you don't ^give us any account of the quantity^ 

which 



9j6 fbi British Apoli^o. 

which fenders the qucftion dobious} but iuppofing \t -. 
•H exoeft in quantity, W6 Ukc it to proosed from 
tlie loofe texture of the bJood» whence great quanti«. 
ticf of the fiTum become precipitated, which by their 
^ootinoal courie through the ureters into the bkiddcv 
promote thoft frequent evacuations. And fromfuch^ 
train of iymptoms, doubtleis the body fuficrs grq}^ 
ficjudice. 
<^ Apollo's ions, mb cm^rmftri^ 

hfyftmmu tbmis with i$^ 
Whofmnymr fmhn'i HBm fiu^ 

Whm mU the tnm ilns fUi^. 
JBxfmmdyi mtkk emj^rmg Sirs, 

(Jbtdmtff yt m^er mmt fide) 
Wbtu hieroglyphick don nfm 

Wr9m Oxon's almanack. 
Smmbmg tlm muhm fmtlf m$Mi 

Wat wondrous, wm n$ed dutkp 
A9d wbta mennfu hu cmam^ 

21^ tmm €9n*t find it out. 
Bwr y#,>^ wifdom's cudder «ir», 

UiifiU wbMt hi itncisUs with uru 
And fid the Britilh fphiox. 
Jt. In truth good querift, tho* we like ' 
The brisknefs or your wit. 
At fuch a mark we dare not ftrikc* 

For mhm£;s feldom hit. 
Whit tho' we wifdm»*s mddir were^ 

And cou'd ier ItfCons teach, 
So over-bold we feldom are. 
To aim aiavi her resch. 
Q^ IbU me whtnce the frevtrk J^tm^^ 
Happy as tho day is long ? 
H%ether 'fis s waiter's d^. 
Or whither 'tis m fiimmir*$^ fay ? 

jf. Both wmter days, eisAfttminir too, 
Will tnetsfhoriadfy do. 
For as the light which forms the day. 
Till er'oing comes, feels no decay. 

But' 



I TV Bait IS 9 Apollo, pj^ 

I But free from darkoefs brightly fliiaey, 
While Hc^us gallops thro' the fi^nSi 
So doth your fwvfrb wifli to man* 
(Whether his life be yard or fp^in) 
A conftant courie of gliding joy. 
Which intervening cares can ne'er dellfoy. 

Q. H0H, tftrnful 6arJs, whofi movmg ik^pttace. 
In ttttmkws fruti m/pirits tv*rs fmfi : 
I0>en^ir ym cmdtfiiid u t9ue» ycMr fyn^ y ^ 

H^h finis ttMn^erteJ^ v$ confifs our fire^ V 

Th9 nw$ w$ fid tin warmth^ the mtriWiJiittJifreij 

Such hiating virtm from your Imet difiiUs, 
10^ ivry thmght with rtant fUnfure fills'^ 
' Vmr fUi^g Jlrains refini wr intellect ^ 
OeMT uf m^MkiSt smd cmal 0U defr0s, 
Sjnct thus W9 tsfti, Mnd feel th$ fow'r dhmi, 
Jnd reap Jutb mtrture from $4ch nervous lino j 
Vnlifs we fitu^dyour anger f ond your rodj^,. 
Wt*drMe out Phoebus, and we*d ftilo you Godf. 

O! Wou*dyou like the old prof hetickjke^ 
€entfy knpofi your rodw and me mfpire^ 
With thoughts fublime my fiupid mind endue. 
So JhouU I think, and Q>eak» and write like you : 
A, Yourfiito propitious to your wijhes fecms. 
The God already vifits you in dreams^ 
FilPd with the facred numen, foon you*ll wakc» 
And wondrous things, and wondrous numbers fpeak. 
Such pregnant hopes, your flowing Unes inaport. 
You ne^ not court a mufe^ btjhe hnfilf wiQ tOHrt. 

Q. MyflatttroU tAtttt a yard and ha\f^ 
^^i^oody in bulk*s at big as a etdf 
\aa$U brought to town m a Rumfor^ waggon^ 
And my legs are as lof^ and as thick as a fl*ggeie : 
Then finee to jeur Godflnp comes nothing amkfs. 
\l\requeft you wUl give mo an anfxur to this : 
Adrnii en fh$ erofs efSt, PzmVs I was mountedf 
mneh all folk jfmce fimjh% for height httvo eueouated 
A firu^ure fiwUgious i 
Bitt Iwon't bi tedious, 

I VOL^JIL Sf *2V 



^ 



^38- Tjbe British Apollo. 

lis this I VMvV km9f 
Ofyom Godjhif, and fo 
Wtwa^ ttU you my ]ixjt tmd frfifwtm : 
2> ibofi who*u bekvft 
H9» li^ I may /how* 
Tmr ofmm*s defr'dt 
AlU ^puMy required. 
By tmibtu will call you by the nami of u whirfinf 
If thus you rifnfi an anfvier that's eivH^, 
nm he*llfi»d Mr, Phoebus and his works to tho domJ. 
id. Your csirfs at that htight^ wou*d mod certaiolf 
ihow, ' 
More fit'd to youryM and ywtfenfi^ than ttkwz 
Eut not to be long. 
(1^ hifi ^ your fing) 
In zfSweting ftramsf 
C Vile iiTue of brains ) 
Tbis feves foi an anfwer at leaft» 
The ««^ mounted there, 
A ^00^ 'would feem here. 
If not jufi to artf 
We care not a f«— »t. 
Vlifcfi has the advantage, the^o^, wthetiofi. 
Q^Fray, A^o, unfold,^ 
This frwerh of oUt 
And mw to my quefiion fray hark. 
How eamo it to bo /aid, 
Joan tbtjoUj cook-maid 
Iras good as my Lady in the dark ? 
wf. When the clouds of the night, 
Eclipfe from pur fiebt» 
Even Icnies that might How up defir^ 
-Four ienfcs of nve. 
Being ftill kept aliv^ 
We oi^oy what we cannot admko. 
Q^In I Cor. X7. 24. art ihefi words, (Then^cometfc 
ilie end, when he ihafi have deliver*d up the kingdom 
to God, even the Father.) Trsy, what cod is moaui 
iifro, aiad iUfo idfUf kingdom ? 



i i 



di. Ho 



r 



The Britisii Apollo. 91^ 

A. 7hi end^ is the time of the genera] refurredioa. 
or the day of jadgtneDt. Tht kingdom is that fpirituaL 
kinedom of (Arift^ whereby he rules tbofe which the 
Father hath put under his feet, and is the head the 
governour of the church. But when the church mi* 
litaot (hall be tranilated to the church triumphant, 
when the judge of all the earth (hall have difpatch'd 
the univer&l audit, when the kingdom of grace ftall 
be fwaUowed up in the kingdom of glory ; then will 
Cbr^s mediatorfliip, and confequently his kingdom 
ceaie i then will the Son himtelf be fubje^ to the 
Father* that God may be aU in all. 

Q:^ Hm/mg had s greMt di/puti wfh mi, (^fingh 
frfon ms J Mm) whnhgr dnmkmmjfp^ fitmcatinh ms 
fins rf mi etptal dtgree, I d^e jm tberefKri t$ infsfm 
mi, whkb is $bi gnatifl bifvn Gdd! 

A. They are both iins of £o deep a dye, as to be 
ftigmatiz'd in thq iacred oracles, with the fivereft 
cenfures. But tho' each of them is inchiive of fo 
peculiar a turpitude, that fornication m (bme refpe^^s* 
and drunkennefs in other, may fiem chargeable with 
the htgheft ^)iik,.^yet from that memorable paiTage 
in I Ok. «t. from \i^ i %tk vtrft, to the end of the 
chaftir, one wou'd be apt to conclude, that fomica^ 
tion, in the general, were the moft aggravated fis* 
And fiace the foreiaid paflage includes ?ery powerful 
and perfiiafi?e arguments againd Co enormous a tranf^ 
grei&on, you. wouM do well to perufe it with an at^ 
tentive fcrioufbcis. But if it he obje^ed, that by 
feme other ftnlawful adions. We fin alio agtinft our 
own bodies, we anfwer, that the ApoHle in the cited 
paiSige, intends not the argument as utterly excluiive 
of al), but raoft other fios, and perhaps with regard 
to drunkennefs, inclufive of a more eminent degree. 
I^mQft be confef!, that druakennefs is attended with 
a large train of very fatal coniequences, chat balance 
many arguments on the other fide. 

But after all, in fins of {o great a magnitude, and 
at Icaft very nearly equal in their guilt, you fhould 
not make it matter of concern, nicely to diftiogulfh 

S { % which 

( 



^o T^e British Apollo. 

which of them 15 the ^rcatclY, but rather with equa^ 
cju-e. with equal foUcitiiide to avoid them both. . 

Q: ^^^ *i meant £y Gen. i. 27. mhir» mmhmi^, 
mM9*s atMticn^ it fays, male and female 9Mde be:them^| 
wberetts vi i$ not rtsd of wom^ tiing mnjfi till 0ftm< 
jhi faJi/aSSatb r 

A' That man as well as woman was created afterr 
the iirft fabbath, fipce his creation too is related after 
it* namdy at vtr. 7. ^of chuf^ ii. But for clearing of. 
the whole, we would ob/erve, that the divine hifto- 
fian in the \fi chtkf. gives us a fhort aod general ac- 
count of the formation of our fird parents, and then, 
proceeds to the fan£);i6cation of the fe^enth day, bvt 
in^^hnf. ii. he refumes the relation>in a more particu- 
lar method. 

Q. Whether tt is na mere Muersfofg t» the fnfrutj ef 
i4# £nglini tongue, in com faring em tkmg with mtetmt 
$0 make ufe of thao» than then ? 

ji* Than \$ more agreeable to the Ortheepeia of mo- 
dern Engitjb. And it mufl be alfo allow'd to be moft 
agreeable to rcalbn, becaufe it diflinguifhes the eon- 
jun6lion of comparifon from the adverb of time. 

(^ ffhetHer hak^ when fowdered mth cemrnm.f&wJer^ 
m»y he tommorhf caUed ceUtered f 

A* The reafon we i^uppoie^ why you doubt of iu 
K, becaufe white h vulgarly reputed 00 colour. But 
the incomparable Sir Ifaae Newton has demooArably 
ihewn, that white is c^mpos'd of a doe proportkm'd 
mixture of rays of all forts of colours. 

Q. From whence, arofe, the cufiom of ^tUemtng the k^ 
mejit of the cler^ to fame cendemned criminali f 

A. When knowledge was reduc'd to So |bi^ an 
ebb, that he was accounted ap admirable fcholi^ who 
was able to read Latin^ the benefit *of the clergy was 
tUowM of, as a proper method for the encoutage- 
ment of learning. 

Q. Apolio, Tray infefm ut^ why a man^ ( who immo' 
dffhf fhewt hts backfide throK^liHs ftfkt holts) is term'd 
it Heathen l^hilofipker i 

'a. Beeaofi^ 



I 

The BiviTiSH Apollo. j^t 

jf. Bccftufe the Piiiioibphcrs of old de(pi7ing wealthy 

ind all the vanity of gaudy habits contented them* 

iWcs with (lich poor dreiTes, as have given occftfioa 

the proverb you have raention'd, 
^Q*^ Whether th$ conjnnBm (or). ^ ccfuUthi w dif' 
Itve f Becaufi « Uarmd man, in 4 Use Mrgumenf 
fed the former f 

The coDJuo^ion (or) is » disjunflive. But 

there is a disjun^ion io all copulatives, and 

[ation in all disjundiives, (but with this difle- 

[hat a copulative, joins the words, but disjoint 

but a disjunctive disjoins the words, but 

fen it) thence we fuppofc;, the Qcntleman's 

have taken its rife. 

fame pecfU verf freqtitntly talk to themfeheo, 

flone, nay, even when they, valk m tboftretrs 

i 

^^ other than the- produdi of an ill habir, 

therl^ft is of the fame nature with tboie rarr- 

which diflerent perfons a^e di&rently 

if imp^h yfimg ferfm heMfh U lif mi& 

[advantage to the one, and a difadvan- 

'. And this it occafion'd by that at- 

prevalent in human bodies. 

what is the true intention of flayt f 

mankind by their moralitj^ and di« 

ir humetfr. At lead it ought to be 

fafitrot and fatiifaUm reeenjer what 
\ottbU has loft i 

can abiblutety recover the former 
refpe^s, becaufe they ma ft alfb re- 
has loft ; and rarely recover what 
loft, by reafon, (if riolent^ they of- 
lood, humours and juices of the body s' 
Ideratfon, all ought to fummon their 
to oppofe thoie fatal enemies* to an 
id not give way to them. 

STj \ Q: mm 



>94^ Tie British Apollo. 

90fm tbtjr ^ b$Mv*m 0n damTd t*%urtud w§i, 

Ssft whsi's ihi torturing rtiik thtf tmdtrg§ i 

I)§ thty the ragi tf liwd fimnis fuJUm^ 

Wttb mdkfi m^pfi mtd maffMUi ftun j 

Or 0rifrejb fMngs fit iVir tm ^gtm» 

Wiib cmfmm hamrsfir thtfi cnma tb^'v dtm f- 

A. The rebel bodjr, partner in the fin. 
Will (hare the woet which (hail in hell begin $ 
Twill fmart for guilt to dreadful tortures doom'<b 
Whilft always burning* and yet ne'er confum'd*. 
It durft not hope» its pains (hall e'er expire. 
Immortal fuel to immortal fire. 
Eat* O ! therackings of a confcioas mind ! 
Confinous of fins, in ho((ile clqb combinM ^ 
To plague the man, thej once with Judtis kifi* 
With artful fmiles, with ialfe delufive hUis» 
And t^peacliCroifs embraces (lily lurVI. 
To deathleis torments not to be ettdiir*d« 
The blazing glory of eternal light, 
Ezchang'd for difmal (hades otendleis night* 
With keener poignancy will pierce the heart* 
Enhance the pangs, and fublimate the fmart. 
£xcIufion from the rapt'rous fight of God* 
Will add freih tortiire to the g^ing rods 
To think that be no lefs than heay'n has loA^ 
lyhtle unmixt wm (p dear a Utffing coft $ 
That he, than Efau motti with folly fraught* 
His imhright fold, nor yet the fcitMg$ bought % 
'Twill urge his foul condenuv^d witn fiends to dweO i^ 
'Twill CTown his anguifh, and compleat his hd(. 

Q. Could I htlkve Philander rniltji mm;, 
JiMd tluu bU kve far mi wm*d mt» diclki, 
Utm fpm wo$dd Sylvia thm.bir y'Mi^g bmrt r^gn f 

Bh$ wbin I tbidt b$m tft tbi A^ mmdp 
^ Ijf mmtf diCiirfml mtm btuk bun bttr^'dt ~ 
^'h Jib ! then my hUod jhrmks btuk^ tbm Sylvia u aftmif 

7U9»wit's numfbtm$ viMors^ ym wbi fim 
Ji$s/msfar all fbmgj tbtu mn dam bAm, 

^fipJML I mg PhllsuiderV ft^ kinm f d? ^ 



^ 



r 



Ti&^BRTTISR ApOI^LO. P4^ 

ji. A ftrong aod vigorous defence comfficiids 
The hrave be&ger*8 gallantry and tends 
To prove that his attempts were all for gUnms mdu 

Oppofe then all tb'addrefl^s of your fwain. 
Give him no hcfis^ but give him no iifiUim% 
' Let him mjh 00, yet let him not t— wm$h cmmpUm, 

His cmfiwuy in tinM, hisfiutb may prove. 
And that ( with reafbn^ your compamoa mo?^ 
Aod then yiKLjigkm£ may cmfeppu Uv0» 
Q. Since ym're plimUfw U tmfm^^ 
Btyi, womm and men, Sir^ 
J fn/time t^ to find ym this ^er^ 
f0?ich is, I dmU dosth. 
In jMT f9m*r to mah ottt. 
Or dft I womld m V havt tome natr jff • 
/ am kiMitbful andfirongt 
Brisk, JoUy, and ymng^ 
Xft whomver my nofe I do blow^ 
rm ready to tumbltt 
f0fhh makes me to grumilo, 
Area/on rf't fam I woM knom i 
Ji. Two ways it may eome» 
By o'erpoizing your hum* 
tl^iiiU your brains with your flraining you jumbkf 
Or your nofe by lewd jilts* 
Miy be loofi In the hilts» 
So the pain may incline you to fumUe. 
Q; 2Sr Ddpbicks, '^ p were but tnn mm^ 
Tott'dm^er ajfume tho name (/Numen 1 
Whm Uk»Jly friefts, SebsndyoH he^ 
To premft the helMni dei^ : 
IBut ifyou*re ef immortal raeOt 
Wbf dye your pedigree difgrace^ 
90>on to fourfilves yem incenfi kindle, ^ 

HWfi oteer votaries do dmndle. 
Ihus in yottr kksndmng metre fyrtc. 
Ye ffread your fidfetne fanegrick, 
Pretending that your booth itfaUt 
HUfm nmi coma ith tbo fW'p ^^ 



P44 ^^^ British Apollo; 

Own then far /hmne ym hauls of Uggns^ 

Tm're pr'afts, and quacks, and fettfagiirs, 

yjbai M y^kr twn tradts fianmg wtre, 

Now bsMis f4lf» ^Ify fhter j 

Fiigning you've goi the leamed's ftfifiJ^ 

Selfpraijmg bards in petticoats, 

Wiilfi I to faxe abfierging Manus* 

Clap yptif performana to my Anus. 

A. 'TJs plain, jour trade has been to sobbUf 

By tender-laying lines which bobble i . 

But mark, what for a proverb, pail, 

Frefame not fitter 'yond your la(h 

Vnthought of thing tbou'rt in a inaze» 

To, hear that others merit praife i 

<And 'cauie thou art a ftranger to it* 

Dotl fon6\y think tbat we muft woe it. 

Wc plaudits ty'ty week decline, 

Vou'd rnake thee like a pageant ihine. 

Until the unregarded elf, 

Thus furbilh'd wou*d forget its fklf. 
Like JS,fop*s toad with poyfi>Q fraught^ 

To be an ox's rival thought, 
Thou fwell'ft with envy, but beware, 
Thou doft not his misfortune (hare» 
To burft, and fo infietd of fenie. 
Vent but negleded noiie and ftench. 

But mod we find thou doft engage. 
The blunted Atyr of thy rage. 
To fee a female's thoughts out-ihine. 
That glimro'ring, glow* worm light of thioe« 
Th V cold^ etUhatm^ ne'er alas ! 
WiU for zfetuaU vigour pafs i 
Vhat lines canft hope then to produce* 
Who has no flrength to farce a mufe? 

k is not ftrange fuch an infienus^ 
Shou'd ufe our papers at his aumsp 
Since in his head, his writings (bow. 
He has no more brains tbao btkw^ 
So there as proper^ may be iaid» 
Tq be apply'di as to his head. 

Q^ I. mi* 



The BRiTfSH Apollo. 94f 

Q\ I Whkk Uth$ mtfi muimt, thi church of Rome 
•r th§ church of £ogJand ? 

2. Haw hag gfier Chrtft^andwha wms it, PHftfrUMjr% 
that fiffi freachedthf Goffdinthis iJUndl 

3. lVer0 naf m§ Mi eftMflf'd ctmnh Img bt[tir$ th9 
Popes of Rome imd M^muthmty m $bit iflMndf 

4. WbM*s tin mtMung cf tb$ w»d e^tholick, Mnd vhf 
W(9^ church of Romdn^MRw that nanu t9 th§mfdvtsi 
mnd donotvi fum to tdi§m cf it, fy eMttgthtm Romaa* 
catholicks? 

f. ffifat0MthrtnMtsSt/l9Btbiignti^ig^ rfotttCk/reh f 
A ffetdy anjwtr woM it th$gr9Mtfi Ktidnfft inuginM^^ 
a dear frtmd kamg nbmt to afcJUtixjto that thurch, en 
mn 0pimon of its btmg thi Muient^ aahohck Church, tmdthar 
w» wtnjifi convmui iy hit. 

jis An anfwer being of [peedy coofeqaence, we Hiail 
fay fb much to tbeprelent cafe, as may be fufHcicnt to 
reftrain a reafooable perfon from«fo fatal an ap^acy, 
and give a more diftin^ repiy to the ieveral queries 
in tbeir proper couric. ' 

The firfl quedion is of the £ime nature with tlHtfr 
common query of the Romanifts, whtut vttsycuir nii* 
i^'M Seftrf^ iMiher f to which the general aniwcr is 
■p the BibJff. ^k we therefore fcparated from the- 
^Sburch (f Rfime, iRiure Shi had foriakcn the old reli- 
gion, the religion begun by Chriftv finifh'd by bis 
Apoftles, care^Uy preierv'd by the firft ages of the 
Church. Whence our reformation, however falfly ac-- 
cos'd of novelty, was yet no other than primitive Chrii- 
tianity reviv'dj whereas the Rimsn was an upAart, 
was a novel Church, novel with rcfped to the aoti* 
quity of ours. 

Whatever objet^ions may be ftarted in favour of the 
Church cf Rimt,th\$ one obfervable is fufficient 10 coiv* 
found them all; namdy, that we cannot poflibty com- 
ply with her propofals without incurring the guilt et 
lin. And fure pofitive inftitution mofi always allow 
the pre fcrcncc to moral re^itude, which ercrnaily and 
irrsverfibly obliges. And to inAance in that prei>9fterous 
doAiioe of'traafubftantiation. we oaoAot poffiblycom- 



P4S TBe BmiTtsn Afoll0; 

pljf tberev7itb» without at •Dce preteodiog to beliore 
what our reafon will not fuflier us to bielie?e» and 
committiog thateooriaous, that notorious fin, thcfio 
of Idolatry : the fin of provoking a J9»lms Qedy rf 
fhmg bis gtmy t§ tamtbir. And therefore, a permiifioa 
to go over to the Chmch tfVjmf is witmmt the li- 
mits of Omnipotence it felf, which cannot di&nnul 
the :verj loweft.pf moral precepts^ cannot repeal ^ 
iDDch umiiftifi bi^rfthefi Om nmm i i m mt s. 

Qj H9m do you rtcoadkjhoff two foomrngfy d^^n9^ 
rohmom ffvoBusofjiiii^t'sdiatbt m Mat. xxvii. f.smd 
A€ts i. . a 1. 1^ tbo/ormtr wo ruJ» he caft down the 
pieoes of filfcr in the Temple, and tieparted, and went 
and hanged hirafelf: mutmsbo Isttir, and falling head- 
long he burft afundcr in the inidi^, and all hiabowds 
gttfn'dottt? '/' 

^. Dr . Hmmnondtsiktz notice, that»r«)g^«f fignifica^ 
tojfr4W|^,as well as to iftmgi andv^m 7jN^fit^,fid* 
fing on onesfMCol as well as kendbng. And theref^ebf 
the former pailige he would, hare ns nnderfiwt that 
ymdm was fb overwhelmed with grief, as to^ in • 
vanner ftrangled with it. But he thinks it^nbtfiii* 
whether the latter pa|PS^ fliou'd be rendrcd jMnpssf , or 
ogfmifisfiui, finoe^wie know not wAhe»e «x]yiT'd 
smndediately after m was ib overwheK'dWth grief $ 
£>rfbme time afterwards^ when his n)|daiicboly waa^ 
ffTiv'd at a criiis, threw himiHf down'^ a precipicr^ 
IXpon which we wou*d ob&rve, that if' foch a in^ 
gulation be admitted, it is more probable that it Was 
sot immediately previous to his death, fince this will 
lurnifli us with a reafon why St, Mtnthtvo omits^&t 
jremarkable an occurrence, as that of Ji$dMs itirjhni m» 
frndirm tho midjt\ for if there were fome interval &• 
tween, the cvangelift soright think fit to relate only 
what immediately became of 'y«igf. 

A latter commcotator alledges many infiances to 
prove, that dnal^^xfi*^ figaifies to hmg i. but beauie it 
hss that figrificatioo, does it therefore follow that 
it has no other? may not U^ri^xi"* ^^ well as othef 
words» be e^ vocal in its import^ aad indeed, Ir^- 

mm 




ItBi Er r t ryir A rcrz e a. 947 

i|««#< ttict te ID the icaf^of {lifiFoadng or ftni^og,. 
And the pailagff cited bf Dr. Hammmid from St. Chf^^ 
fifitm^ m\x& be allow'd to fix tbi< figbificatioa upon* 
Ae word, ankfs a mio . may properI)r4^ Aid to be 
hang'd witb the terrora of oomcience. '« 

If we admit of our tranflation* tbe paflages maybe' 
reconciled thus, j^iuias might endea?our to bang him- 
fclf, but by the jerk of his body, when removed from 
what had before fupported him, break tbe halter, and 
fiyjing headlong on. the^cund, or upon his face, might 
burft his belly* And if any thiak either the break- 
ing of tbe baiter, or the burftiog of tbe belly, to be 
any ways in its felf improbable, we* may add the ju- 
dicial concurrence of a vindi^ive providence.. 

Q. fflmt is tbipamuBg tfth$ word faculty, vhm t^^ 
flseJ t0 Uamng f 

ui. iksthe word fseitlfy, fubjediYely. confider'd, im-^ 
ports the capacity or genius of a man; fo obje^ively. 
confider'd, it iignifies thefeveral arts and fdences: aa 
23&M^, £49, Fbyfokf fh^ofiply, &c. 

Q^ fPhithn there, it mg [uth thmg mfu&m f 

A,. Sudiion, if allow'd of, is no otho* than a /peciet^ 
of attractions £0 attra^on is acknowledged by the 
beft modem Philoibphers to be an obfcura term, and 
is call'd by Sir Jfoac Uewm, a tendency of one* body 
to another! which tendency, he fays, is in allbodiei, 
bat more intenie in iome bodies reipcftively to other 
particular bodies i wjieace he folves the ilowiiig of 
tlie tide by fuch a tendency, and not by preflore. Biit 
it is unimaginable that tber^Alould be fo powerful a 
tetfdeocy in the water to th$ fucker (*> word fram'd 
agreeable to the vulgar notion) of a poSBfj^MJ/^ ^ 
to Co great an heights bgt theinllances of what is vul-^ 
garly call'd fusion, are clearly folv'd by the preflure 
of the air: for when the fucker (:to uie tJie vulgar, the' 
improper word | when elevated in jthe pump, protrudor 
the air before it, and leaves the borebdow itinaman* 
mf deditute of airj the air that preiKs the furfaoe of 
^ water in the well round about the pump, maker 
^ water natar^lly flow t{> that part» wixre itmeetas 



k 



j>48 The Britisi^Apollo. 

not with in equivalent refiftaoq^ whence it cohfcquenf* 
]y fiCes in the pump. And of the nature and the pref- 
fure of the air« we may frame a very eafy conceptipo^ 
from theinfbnceof a barrel of bees i for the air in and 
. tbout the foifet prciling upon the beer reftrains its flow- 
ing, unlefs by a vent at the top the there circumam- 
bient air be a counterballance to.the aforefiiid prefTure* 

But to thif it may be perhaps objedled. that hov 
can the rifing of the fmoak of tobacco thro* a pipe 
he otherwiie accounted for, than by the prevalence of 
liidioa? to which we reply, that this Phimmmm alio 
Is prodnc'd by preilurei for what we call the draw* 
Ing of our breathy Ikadiflention of the lungs. Whence 
the air in the pipe, our mouths* and other intermediate 
parts, having immediately recourie to iucb vacuity l 
and therefore the air that prefleson the iurface of the 
bowl protrudes the fmoke upwards, where it finds not 
a proportionable refinance. And this (blution is equal- 
ly applicable to all other iuftances of a fimilar nature, 
as the blowing^ of a pair of bellows, fji^c, 

Q^ 'lis wtU kmwHi that when a ftrfin has any paint 
▼12. as fain in the fide, Jhmach, gripes, 8cc. whilt thy 
heldthiir Snath thi pain ceafes, 

A, We dp much queftion, whether what you afTcrt 
be tr«e of all pains in genera] \ but as to any pain in 
the fide, flomach* or guts, it is not improbable but 
that the holding of ones bieath may caufe fome altera- 
tibn In iu becaufe during that fhort interval of time, 
the rucceffive motion of contraction and' relaxa' 
tion, which is C9ntioualIy perfortned for expiration 
and infpiration, not only in the ped^oral and intercoftal 
SYufcles, but aifo k tho/e of the abdomin, is fu (bend- 
ed, and by confequence the pain that is moft feic in 
the time of the aforefaid contradHon is taken away, or 
at kaft fbmewhat alleviated. 

«(J. iPhmce is dttii/d the tpord-^irds, for TMs> 

A' The word W deiiv'd from the Bard't, the moft 
ancient order (and very reafonably belicv'd a religious 
order) of perfbns among the old Britains: they were 
toore.tho DmA, tho* aficswards tclifi'dhj them in 

- "• point 



point of authority and repatatioo. Thej are takes 
notice of hj ftveral ancient authors; as StttA$, Hi^ 
tkmst &c. thejr were wont to fing tbepraifisf ' in wo ' 
fct to muiiclr) of eminent and renowo'd perfc 
whence they are call'd by the fore-inention'd aath 
Poets, Songfters, Conpoiers of veries, and the ] ^ 
They were-employ'd in the apotheofis, or deifica # 
of diftingui(h'd heroes. They reoeivVi their mod 
the finging from the Mohmmmv, who Were the 
that by the neceifity of their affiiirs, and their e 
ordinary skiil in navigation, under their great I 
HtreuUh not the Qftdun Htnmkt^ but fOn to the 
of 2)Tf, traded with the inhabitants of J^m, but 
xfpedally with the more Southern parts of it, u 
there are ftiU feveral femarkable relicks of fhce^, 
nntiqaity/ Nor is it any objedion to this, that t. 
were caJi'd C0<J^ a Greek word for foitst as deri\ 
from «VJW, to fing > For the Qndfms themieJtres i^ 
ceiv'd the method from the Phcemtims $ from whom 
when they hfed Jearn'd to traifick Into theie parts, they 
impos'd the IWemention'd name, dthil upon the Bar* 
di, in order to dtceive poderity, and be reputed among 
the future firMm as authors of the method. Andthia' 
is but agreeibtf to their ufdai cuftom of arrogating ail 
inventions and antiquity to tbemielves \ of which, a- 
mong axhoufand more, DtucMMt flood is a memO'* 
rabfe in (lance. 

Q. / hi^ving Utefy Sem invhed' to tin tu^tnumn's bottfk^ 
U dttnce ccuntry'iUnces, one efiht company hogan iho new* 
fcgarics j / bring a ftrangtr fo moft ^ the eomfnnyfrr 
down, and de/ar'd to be txeusU for that dnneo, fo all tho- 
ttmpany faid it was very ill heeding to Uan/e ^fffo, 

A, We would believe you were (o well iatisfy'd in 
the conJu£l of your acquaintance, that they Would ad- 
mit none but civil contpany; if io, it wds not a very 
agreeable temper, to be the only perfon that excepted 
againd that dance, it bdngatacit rcfle^ononthe reft 
of the Ladies. 

Q^ Apollo, tell me, fei/ me what' is lovt, 
Love^ the grand ffring bji which the VMid dees ftwfo^ 

n tWi^. 



V 

PP The BtLirisn Av^i^im 

jpbai h ki tnmfivm, exferknci fhmu 
But v»{fai*s tin fd/ubfimia n$m0» km^s- 
is ^t^jh^Hfim wAf tf tin brmnt 
^Mttms Ifti em thm v*^ cmuft^ gmi 
Js it tk$ dmmir^p if Udiis tfsf 

T^dotttbitartif m-ftmUfAi gUtttfmg Sktis. 
Th^ Phoebus, htdtthy kiUk fat m thy ligbt^ 
jbd €vm M thmit with tin vtU ^mgla. 
Whiuthm ttrtfia, tbf mfmM tf9du0ft. 
Btu SiMtt^ iftruet Stiund nm* Upmg rMft: 
Ibifkrthert^. th$ grtsttrfmi it dmrts. 
Jit fitrtht/ifitm <m tfts, thtmat^ tamr btmt^ 
Mmebi^ttbia thUis^ttathmrUtmh 

Tbat ihou'rt k^oWo^wmtitfrf*^^^. , ^ . . y 
A.Lrv§, t\ntiMmmmsifmg$,oa whichwc^fctoM 

This GltSi firft mtfsm had, and finoothly rolTd } 
rh'Almighiy fiat ^utbtiM-lMdthamt^ 
Firftufhcr'd forth by ibft firtipiMckpamf, 
Which cfei fioce in tuoefiil order move 
Exprcflive, all of fcifwwwy and ^. , ^ 

And iw/# which ftrikcs us niortals here below, j^> 
From mtfiiu and mtts mearJMt flow j , r 

StJborditate to thtx Jkft mtving firing. 
Which tunes oui: fouls whilft we itspraifcs fiag. 

It is no fhtmtmn of an airy brain. 
Nor #rw ^^ A^*'- '^y''* ^ ^^ ^•^ to ff«w 5 
No» 'tis a pnfMlfttic mti we find 
In- others, tun'd exaOly to our mmJ, 
Which mutuj^y Mttrsa, and to I»c^|»V^ arc mchn d., 
(^. H^htn bififfil Apollo 
^MT BzphneJidfflitnv* 
Old Pcneus, /6f hgg'dtodtfiry htri 
jbid ki^ Ovid/iyi, 
Trtmsfwmrd htr to Ayi* 
MMthtr tim the het/park /heu^deitjty btiK 
Sime tk fo9r Gtd tfwMer 
Mtltmmthti*d his dmghtet^ 
j^ Sol tmifo eager fw rafe, . 
Why a Ged ef fiteh pemtt. 
The matd te depwer, ► ^ rrt^ 

ftdmtOatfgebtragmitHhetM^f' 4. ?W 



fbilkiitriin Apollo. p/r 

3. Tho' S^s pow'r is pbtcr, 

Thao the weak G»iPs of mutr. 
Yet virtMe G> ftrobg bound the thmfh 

That jif$lla, oot T'ot, • 

Did he equally mi» 
Coo'd have ofler'd the i^^mfb any hmni * 
Q^ THtM£ gmd mutJUr ?dU 

ToHUt fimber M ^volkm 
Xiffv hifmx wl^ti mmdm ». dm 

Vbr at wiio*j m xfwwr 

Jtofir kuU at damir 

tmr kvmfrimd Bumkin Glumftj. 
A. IDe am PoHo's hcrdfman 
Vdr beater rewards man 
Aid wot ere hfs feather dud voUow 
His zdh has more wit 
Vor gfeatur things vit 
Vor Jove was an afs to wile Polio. 
v/ <2^ ^ th' advice cfafrmd t9 Enf^d 1 wna, 
T0 /k Cloriana, aadgaif^d her am/ent $ 
9b$'d even cbann I eeu'd wijh te Mdd. 
Hat the emefef ail ebarms, that effka^ ^i^ » 
fP^fUh' when I iB/eever^ my hve gfew as dW 
'S if 4i.quotidia9 ague hadfiiz'd en ntf wOL 
Tim ^iUme» Apollo^ ^J^ canuU why 
f GeU^s fuch a jewel in aof, man's qw t 

A. *Tis a jewel to none of a genereasroaiea^f 
Compar'd to the werth of a eharming yeattg creature $ ^ 
And thole earth horn foals ^ who to prize it are faid» ^\ 
Tho* their y^ri& is for goUL yet their brams are of lead* ^' 
Q. Apollo, inform mo^ (;fcr*t feems fomethiag eddy' 
Bow chances^ or comes it to fa/s^ Sir, 
That fomethnes yow anfwers frofefiyea a God, 

And femetimes you're dull as an afs. Sir. 
Toter paper (hall fujfer, if you are not ctvil. 

For daihy to flames 111 allot it :. 
Mat if you rofohe, ^without playing the dmmjp 
^s trohaUe I mry promote it. 



1-' 



9^x fhe Baiti^h Apo};£(h 

jt, whok you hzrc the SpUm, then you tbiak 
we are duU, 

Or your duim/i which pallet £oT/fieen$ 
SuppQ&s us nv^jr, when we are mfAfitU, 

And iUrk^ when we're ^/jiSr/ and firmf. 
But we cnuft intreat you decline our frMMM«% 

Which we wouM not owe to fuch Sfi$ls i 
For fliou'd it be thought .that you have; a irsa mrim 

Of our writings t v^c Ihpu'd be thought /Mr* 

Q^GriM Oracle* a/upptisai 4U yfur fief 

T» iuft his Jiudfuf thoughis Mad HokkUd mind, 
WiMch iottg tht mffiwk fMfen*sf9tight to find. 
Wy tbi ladle 'hwe nU otiers is iftiem*d 
Ihe ftmft*s wiafen, and is Uwful detm'd* 

JL. Againft th^ cuftom little can be Aid^. 
Since vnfty winftns fuit an tmpy hind: 
For none but fuch the bcuqr weapon (hun» 
Accept the Indli, and decline the tn^ui, 

Q. / Uttli intpMdyet tmfn$ nnd^Mt, 
Myfiomnch fmttd To my fm^il iflnto $ 
X UttU hnvt, and yet n monjf^low^ 
lUi^i whta I nmjobtr too^ as wtU ns tneOom 
Say how fo much nrifa from fo Itulo^ 
Or elfi, I f^t Apolio*i but n wUtnlf 

A. You're me;ry, 'caufe your ildmaci) if lb fmall» 
And your expence on't next to non^ at all ; 
You're fat, bccaufe mirth nxakes digeflion goodj 
Extrading all the vhrttu of your fb^ \ ^ 
And '\£ one little were bi^t added more, 
A little brains, you'd known all this before. 

Q. What «i tht proper minmng ofth^ wordy Martyr? ^ 

JL. The word is of Gr^fifr original, and flgnifies a viiri- 
mfu But becaufethofe truly heroic perfqns, whorea*^ 
dily part with their- very Xvtt&t m fun Msd cortain h^ 
of the divine fuvour, which is betttr than lift itfe^, are 
the moil unexceptionable witnefles^o that faith, which 
was onci delivered to the famtt, thence the word by way 
ot eminence is particqiarly applied, to theoi. And 
therefore St. John^ tho' he died a natural death at 






TZ^tf BuifisH Apoll.0.' s>Ti 

Efhefiis, is yet not inpropetly M'd • mmjf, 8 mtr- 
f/r in hnmtign, ( which difHogaifhes his otherwiTe ufl* 
diftiogutfli'd bnvery from iMrtyrdotn in f»a) fince 
^ gave as uoconteAable an evidence to the Qof^d- 
truths, as eitfatfr of his two eompinions in that JUc^ 
triucnWrate > fo peculiarly fivoored by their gracious 
MskRer, inafmuch as he chcarfiiHy flibmittcd t6 th^ 
fiety tfytU of the boihng oil, however miracolottftf 
re&ttcd thence by the wonderful interpo/al of an an* 
ezpe^ed proridcncr. 

Q^ H^ read in Ifaiab, chap, xxxvlit. veric f. Be-' 
hold I wiU add unto thy days fifteen years. 

HAd rniy man fow9r t» mkrdir hm^ ^ bad mi h U 
€cmmit W filf^murdfr f If fi, ii is agMin/htk§ vmd ^ 
God : If nty Mgamft fit fra-wiU cf mm t 

*ui. God who foreknew all the fcveral icctdents of 
4ife» might therefore know, that oo nan wou'd at* 
tempt to murder him ; and that fo horrible a fin aa 
felf-raurder, wou*d not gain admittance in bis thoughts. 
Other particulars might be fuggeftedr but this is fuf* 
ficieot to (olvc (he do^ibt* 

Q^ P0f4t is the ntrft^ tf that Mffirtiw if Sofof^on'k 
in Ecclefiaftes the fth^ vfrfi the zd. It is better to 
go to the houfe of mourning, than to go to the bouie 
of feaftmg ? 

A, The preacher intimates the reaibn of it in the 
latter part of the verfcj Fsr that is theend efsU mfit^ 
md the living will U^ it to hem. We dluft all of oa 
go, fooner or later* to the houfe of tnonrning in a 
Uridler ien(e $ Fer it is apfeinted f^ mm om^ to di$^ 
and therefore it is uieful. It is neceiOry for us to be 
prefent at the melancholy ibiemnity of a funeral, finoe 
nothing more proper to read us a leAuie * of morta^ 
lity, to remind us of our difTolutiOn, ttod prefent ua 
with that famous Macedonian motto^ Mifjumre Jvdfet^ 
XH if. Remember that thou srt mortal. The houfe 
of. mourning corre^s the levft^ of our ipinds, checks 
our ambitious thoughts, retrains the 6inta(lick ialiiea 
of our fond imagtnations, and teaches us to knem tbtn 
wtLttro Ha tmit. The houfe of moarning» aa it fean 

fonsbiy 



S)f4 ?2^ British AroiLa* 

£miMj femembcrf at of our kncr esd* of tbat great 
d^ we tre all of us to pay s fo it coaiequeatly in- 
ftru^s u& fi u wttmber $m iUfh m /# mfply mtt huim 
mm$ wifdom v it ioftrudls^ us to mett the epicurcm 
fcene, to neitiier mi aor ^imkt to do neither to cr- 
cefi* becauie H wtimm w£: lU hmfi tf pmatmi^ 
it obliges us to refled upon thole nrifcarriages. whidi 
repreimt death in £i> terrible a form ; for tbiftrng if 
imh if Jm I It both prepares us and reminds us too» 
to bewail our finfulnefs, to lament $ht ivd of amr d^- 
mgh and thence entitle ouri^ves to an ineftimable 
bleffing } ikfid m tbe^ ilm$ m9wn% fir thf flM k 
ttmfmtd t Comfbned, as was LtkZMrm in AkrubMm't 

But the houlb of feafting is reverie to diis } it dif- 
lbl?es our mindfs, enervates our thoughts, e£R»ninatA 
our jbuls, and makes us to \Kdt9pSkm vauit^ ; yea,* 
to be ligbtir thtm vmii^ it filf. The houfi ot feiMtg^ 
k fias th$ at/U dmf fat frm m i it flatters tta as if 
were with a prefent immortality, as though we were 
fieaftii^ on the tree of life ; it &y$ in another fenA^ 
than the PfaMfi means it» it trcacherouily Ajs, T^sn 
G$ds9 mdj$ are Mtb$ Mdrmtftbe mofi Hgb: For 
fifiM not Me Ukomm^ yt (tM not fiUl iike eng ef the 
*frmis. Well therefore does the preacher %dd^ ^hesre 
ef^mfi U mehe imfi ef fBeiermng % bta ibe bemrt e/ 
fielf is in the hmfe ef mirth, 

Q^ Tmr ^imm is defr'd ef Apoflonius Tyanams; 
time freimsdid wender'Werkerf wiim fime-men Mr$ ^ 
wttmi kUf^bmmfif t0 e^e r# Htr Sieffid Lerdi 

A. Tiio' ibme perfens are ftrangely food of their 
msgh^ darling AfdMus^ they have yet been fuffid* 
cntly Mffied -by learned men : But for the iake of 
^hofi^ who have not the opportunities of books, we 
ftall endeavour a clear difcuffion of the matter. 

Since PMe/kittess is the man^ upon whoft authority 
the Aory is fo eagerly embrac\i, Jet us examine the 
charader of fo authentick a perfbn. Were FMefinh 
aisi a jttdicioiis, a grave hiAorian i were he t P/mMt- 
*m Mivnmfi M Jus life oS MOmm mmti^^ 

thefe 



thoie diiraden of fincerity £6 einiiMntl7 cooi^icDont 
in Fltamd^j kvu i M$ might have given fbmc cottn* 
teoance to his relations, tho* otberwHe both upon a 
fiender foundation : But when we meet with notfatns 
of all this; when inftead of an hiltoiao we meet wttfi 
■ rhetorician ; with a flourilher i with one who- 
Ibem'd to prefer pleafure to profit* elegance to trutbi. 
with one who feems to have chofin rather to have 
dtrerted the fancy, than informed the judgment of hi» 
readers. When we obienre that he compofed hia^ 
book of wonders at the command of ^^ttlis the lt#- 
mfsn empreis i a Ladf , wlw as he himielf confidSea,. 
took wonderful delight in rhetorick ^ a Lady, who 
feems to have been a ianch ^i&mi/!^ to have been 
pleaied with nothiflgmore than rt bmrfimemmtbugi. 
wlien we oonfider the peribn who wrote the book*, 
the Lady he wrote it for, and the age wherein he 
wrote it (for romances were then in vogue;}^ when 
we oonfider theie concurring circomSanees> we 
SEiaf weft look upon his reladons *s Ulitdit^ m^. 
kfs otherwife confirmed bf « dmd tf wkm£isi or if 
by ftwcr, yet osqoeftionable "evidences. But finoe 
FbHtfirlfMs was later than Aftttaums, by an iDtermedi« 
ate cenmry, he muft nccelEirily refer us to former 
teftimonies. And here b^ tells us, that a friend of 
one l>«f9H» who had wrote coromenfianes on the life 
of his companion :jpollmms, preiented thole commen* 
taries to. (he empreis JWb* But this is but the evi- 
dence <^ a fingle peribn, and that of a friend withal. 
Whio out of randneis for £> intimate an acquaintance* 
i»y, and for himielf too, that he might boifi of the 
huxiom of a iamiliarity with fo wonderfo) a perfoaage, 
anight be tempted to forge fuch blasKiag. wonders, aa 
are ibi tmds if neither trmth nor fiimup. Nay, tho*^ 
I>fimu were a credible peribn, yet we muft depend 
npon the bare word of bis acquaintance, that be gave 
111 m thofe commentaries afterwards made uie of. Nay* 
tho' his acquaintance were a credible peribn too, we 
mu&yet rely upon FUbfiNUm and JWiw, whether Ho 
macb as one rwtion taken notice of in the commen* 

tarici: 



9ftf Hi British Afollo. 

caries of Dtmis is inserted in FifU$firMiiu's romaooi, 
9uc may he doc appeal co a general eradiciOQ of woo- 
ders, buc a century before per form 'd ? Alas ! be Jos 
himlelf prevented Co nuich as cbe bare fufpicion of 
iuch antboricj* while he makes ic macter of melan- 
choly complaioc > that while Icfs deferving philofo* 
pbers were for £>. many ages in admiration, yet tiie 
memory of jlftlUniiu ihould £o foon expire. But tbsC 
the very memory of a man fo famous for furpriitog 
miracles* (bould in £o fmall an interval be intirdy 
eras'd out of the minds of mea» is a mtracle as great 
as any of chofcv which j^Momus is fabuloufly re* 
vorted to have wrought. And therefore wv canoot 
but acquieice in the condufion of. a learned man, that 
chere is almoft the fame certainty, that the miradea 
of AfoUtnius are fictitious, as that the mtndes of our 
bleiled Lord were a^ualiy performed. 

But the foregoing argument may be confideraUf 
jconfirmed by another coofideration of great impor« 
tance. Since the Chriftians made daily prolelytes to 
Chriftianity^ by the perfuafive argument of our Sa- 
▼iottff's miradea* the Heathens woi£i undoubtedly bava 
confronted .them with thoie of ^/«//iNMv/, h^ tbey 
been fenfible that any fuch were done. And therefore, 
as the Chriftians were continually infixing on this 
perfuafive argument $ Co this mu& have necellarily 
perpetuated among the Heathensi the daily rcviv*d 
memory of thdr great champion AfMnmu^ Upon 
which account we cannot chufe.but d)ink, that thoie 
learned men draw no precipitate condufion, who de« 
mur, not only to Afdbmm'^ miracles* but to bW very 
ezillence too. Reajfon therefore warrants us to lay, that 
if any give aedit co fuch incredible legends, they folkmi 
dtvi^d indeed, but not CUNNINGLY divis'd, fmiUs. 

Tho' what has been iaid, fuficiently deftroys the 
credibility of PifiUfirMtsis's relations, and we are tben^ 
fore unwilling to be any furtho* tedious s yet at the 
defire of any who (hall read this, we fliall be feady 
to offer Come furth^.p^ticulara* which may not per* 
baps be unworthy of ri^d. 



7T>e BritItsh Apol4lo. pfj 

Q. PPbttbn it ^ a^/h ^-^at Skek f^uUkgi, m Ler. 
crimp; vii. Tcr. 2;« if is fmi^ WJutibaFer foul it be - 
tkat eac^h auiT* nianQcr .0^ bloody eveo that Ibdl OaU 
be cut o^F ffpm liis people ? \ . 

^. The lAT^ttcd ipSuu(hvi war i^ reftri^hre oocw 
aod as ^ as not ipc)liAv#^of the. moi^ hw, whk^' 
is of ctq'oal aad .untver(ai oUigattoii» coocerned nona 
at the verj. tioie jgtf ^ica deUva;y» but fodi arwero . 
members oF the c9maK>n?wiBalcb of ^«dL . And tf i. 
the law bas bpea /ince repeai^. bj: the fitmejuthocief \ 
by which it was eoaiS^d^ ^Do^ ft- is notvajra obU-t. 
gatory to the J^f^^/ themrei?e9. But wbefeas a, mora > 
plaiifible arg;umept \% dcawn agaiiift fating. Uood fiom 
the jTolemn determination of m great apqApliealfiouii* r 
ctl at y^uftiUm^ you may fii^ a.cofifutauoaof k in 
a former paper, 

Q^ iV«X* hvm d$ y0H reemeiU tbefi'wtirdi in tbtCs*. 
Uehi/m^C The bodj aod blood of Cbrift, Iffticli la »&• 
rily.iind fodeed received bjtjt^ faitbiuitin' the^Iio^d'i; ') 
fupper) mfh a frtufttm^i MM rf tk^: riml tr^Htfftlfy'i 
amlimen^ I da nffurt^ ym^ A^ am frai^^i ff^ifi^t ■ 
4ind bofe I fiail dU fi : iut t^^ Q$tjti^ knng 49' * 
fyned kf tie Cimrehfir 4h§ iftfirtMmitf MUrtih Jffd 
fir pt§fU shMt^.gQ no fmher f§r tbiir ri^ion^ it fi^ 
> 49 fnt to ftnmir too. .much of trmpUfitmfiMim f 
I .^. It Were indeed . to i)e wi^'4» that this pafl^ 
of £0 excellent a CatecHtfhi were more catitiiMi(Ij(fj|«' ^ 
picfs'd» .iince inteaditd for the.isftni^lioQ'of ^^hiidreir* 
wj>a, mud bt allow;6d to bs^t^ksMMe^ of nicf diiino* t ^ 
tions. But our mother C^borjqh "Ins abundantly 4t'^ * 
mondrated in her canons, in her atticlcs^ in bBt.itp9k**K 
munion-ofHce, that ihe intendsi nqt by the words to 
inpilcate^. io prepofteroos a dodrine .aa^.tjliat of ;tran- 
" iufiftaotiatioD. , When therefore (he Afs^ that 1^ Sniff 
taid blood i(ci>r^ ^yofifyf tmd mdtod tnhiiii 0tHf tr. : 
ceivfd J^ i£i fiutifyif in tho UntdU Stt^ i She ija^tts no \ 
more, tWn that ^th^faithful by ^ partaking of .|h^COn?..Y 
iecrated elements of bread' aod wi^, do as poi% imd^ 
ind^od partake of 4I the<bcnefits and advantages of o«r 
Sa^ioutls paffioQ^as thoiigb they hatt) anally parfakefi 

of 



>\\\ 






PfS SSf British Apoli»o/ 

of Us mjr body whicb was broken, and ha rerj 
UBod wbioi was flied upim the crofi. 

wA s cmigb Hit fm^ftik wy ufml tim$ is Mt tm m 
^ wmmg tmd Jkm an iti §vemng, Tbt fUegm is 
'iUch^mU wbaijkt md inmif ttfittiUs Che/ike «&a^ 
tbm's fknfiiL Ifimakms Iwva fM be^d'^ieh, M ^Mfm 
wifi mn vmy Msly^ fi§if fnmd, mid $Mi beMrty^ ni 
momidifs mn wtm U 4 hm^ skdetm, I bma 6m 
ftmytms m LondoOf trnd/mtyiurs «/# mss fick tf 
Mfkir m dn mrvis, I famk i$t0ce9» smd 4m, mi 
mur wm vmi iWMCir«##r^M*» if my fiim'df pibjwk u 
tmifitmfnmi, l i^ ^m$ f^M mfirm me m jmr mxt 
fofm wk0tm0f ii the tecMpmi Md if I am m a erne- 
ftmtftim, wketk& the fmeMtg ef te^gcce, er Uvmg i» 
temn, ef either be fermmmt sad what tmif he tetn/mit' 
em te ersdhde mj mMladjff' 

-JL Tbe firft occafion of this jour indiipofition was 
^prdbabij) cold, wbich Uoding up the pores» tlirew 
bafcfc ifte ftrofitiesy wbich ftcwM hare perf}>ired into 
the imafi of UdodL aad were thence depdited into 
the ltuigs» where at lengtb pntrefyii^ this phlegma- 
tick mSm was bred : And if joa are not already 
coi^aiptive» we lave reaibn to think jott are vcrr 
near it» and would therefore have too to cohfult with 
£>me of the more learned in pbyfitk for jour further 
prefervatioiK 

Q« ^ GemMmtm ef"^^ tt affUMn ttmce bemg cmtttt&ed 
msyeiiujgtMdjft tmdfit tkmn : But feme tme sfter 
she eemt^sM Cfit^ ishm^-fesfm ts tmkmtm^ fem mm m 
ksdrn'-emd 'm m^s^t ^^^ ^^ fl^ trijhed bm m geed 
jeemtey, wfthft^ferk ether ttfrmts fhe fui ttfmJnm, tee 
hng te infirt% mtd vrithsU d^kes him te reUsife her. rf the 
mmrMS pnjp*d hetwem thm, as Jhe M iim far rver^ 
whMs itm mmimglfdmetin Mrfidfi: Same ttme mfter 
ehetmfy nfemmg whm Jhehad dmUt; ftqmfiedtb^ Geth 
tkmmt te ttmk$ geed the frem^ htt 'had ifsade het fir- 
meri^f whieh he refm/kd te dt. I dtpn te kmw whether 
$hi GmthmoB itmtta hhtrtj te pttAt the fame effers te 



^i BuiTtsH Afox^lo. ^C9 

A. \f tbe rdeafcs ii«re as faronHf aade is the 
«ontnft» be would hare been aUUntcif at iiberqrto 
addrefs aootlier» had^ no Tach affinmc been gifen | bat 
Ihookl lie accept her repentance, after lo rade^ ib 
grofi an affiront (if wtfnMHtd H u") we fear he wouki 
mvemoreoccafion for repentance UmiUf after, when 
it would be too late. . 

Q. 90y hut mm mify §f M tMng trtmmm his /ke§ 
Kf$i2 »f ttmtrds hiavmr 

jL As fuch- an ercdka of the coantcnance to hea* 
Ten* is more noUe and magnificent than a demilli^e 
iipe€ti £o it beft becomes that creature, whom the 
Ood of nature intended to be Lord of the Creation. • 
fflad therefore voucblafed to grace with a majeAick 
ibru&ure of body, as well u with fuch a capadqr of 
ibul, as flxHild be fit for empire. - And as man of aB 
lubhmary creatures is the onljr one eapible of rdi* 
gioo $ Co what more proper* than that the very po»> 
Sure of his body (houU remind him of his dutj i re»« 
jiiind him to €onmiiplate hearen, • to adore the m^ 
tbor of hk being, the fnfirvir if mm. And to tM» 
the poet may Item to hive an eye, wbeshedegantlj 
fiys I 
Oi umwh jiuSmi mdht ccutmMm tiui^t 
y»JSf» & ireB§s ndfidmt uOin vidttiu . 
A lofty afpcd God on man befiow'd, 
ftb U4ch hmh 9hMt hi to his Midtir tn^d} 
And bad him view the ftars, ir^^M sfhh tMel ' 
<y. thsf^UkpmMmmmitjhmiohmvirlfiihimB 
M fim m trmMn^y mid look m fide ns Jttuh. Jhi mere 
IJkivt MgmufiU^ thi watfi I mm I amnoi tmdgisn th$ 
mmmug efh, thenfire d(jko ymr tfmim f 
^ A. 'We cannotj Madam« entertain fiich an uncha- 
ritable opinion, as to think either malice or anttpe- 
thy can nod a feat in your breafi s and thoefore coo« 
«Iude, that this .mighty JyeUquismp mxid: be the effed 
of inch an irrefiftibfe power, iixch a foTcreigQ paffioiv 
as that mentioned by the poetAf«e^iM» : 
Ijtt^ mmr fin/us^ ocaks ferjhinght & Msftri 
ts^mmem mrimi^ fmrd ms fitfimt mte. 

Through 




p6o ?3&tf cB,H:iTi5H Apollo- 

i^Tlu^mghlow^.Ae Cc9&9>fA the fight's confinM, 
. : And io?e. like wopdrous magick fwtjrs themtnd. 

Or;99 it f< more pttbetiollj expreflfldby HipprfWif 
' 2^. necxmem imhi, mc cokr 

:: Cenk fiidt m^mi: imwkr c^ m ^tfiun 
, Mmtim Msm, jirjrtfem^ 

j^mm Utttis femtus maum ipuhts. 

My. ^ourags ltfls» my ^Ipur f$desp 
i , And through each trembling incniber. wades : 
. The <ifop& which down my temples roll, 

Pedtrt} the paflion pf my fool* 
:./Q.' wMer^i mm Im trnm tiht m mi$'pd%r thmt m 

A. The QUttbcr of the ribs on each fide arc nato- 
raijjf equal. 

Q, Apollo, Tfmf fdvt pu Tighu Sir, 
Jfmhig mmtffoiU tbefyUt £r» 
jtU'^ u dm, tire ntifm wfy. Sit, ; 
A$4 fl^ jfOHT ffrvMUTboih^ Hy!^» 

A. That- onionsk honeft T^Mmsu Hf^» 
When eat^ei^ indi^fe the eyes. Sir, 
Is true, becaufi they iend, 'tis plain, Sk^ 
Ofienfive vapours to the brain. Sir. 

Q. / bmf s rdMtim gtmfmfy ttfUQU whb th^mt, 
Mnd bus him fir JwtfU ysurs* Vrtiy mfirm mi fimn 
jihmci it frocads f 

JL, To pais by trntuAfm^t tartarous noixture widi 
the J^n«niiA% Helmm's acid infedion of the Areb^m, 
•nd many other cauies here too tedious to eoume- 
rate i we ihall think it fufficient only to offer, that 
the gout proceeds from a vicious difcrtnyof the bloody 
whofi; acid and fidine recrements, nature, in defence 
of the miQre princinal parts« protrudes to the mofl 
remote .ones> vix,. the joints of the hands, arms» l^s 
tad feet. 

iO^ AyMtn^ man if my jtupuMUMna if la yiars tf 
4i£if bss btm fvr thefr 4 letirs Ms fftj ufm thi hiod «/ 
mift mm o/fiur/an, Im having had no mkhana nfcn its 
mithtr W0S it ivir/»i wken bi wtt$ m child t 

A. Authors 




jTir^ British Apollo. s>Si 

^. Authors give us ieveral inftances of pcrConu 
whofe hair bath turned white and hoary in a night's 
tmie, nay, as it were in an inflant, through tome 
great fear or extream padion. which perhaps may be 
your friend's czCc... Scaliger fays, in Exercitation. 312; 
That GonzagM ha?ine impriibned a near kinfmau in 
.a ftrong calUe on fu^icion of treafon, that he mighc 
'receive the reward of his demerits, news was brougbt 
him next morning that he was become all white and 
hoary : And Schenkius, Ltmnius, Hadrianus, fumuft 
iMdovtCHs Vivex, Callus Khodoginus and others, give 
more examples of this kind. As to the reafon hereof, 
we take it to be. That whereas the blood and hu-' 
mours* which doubtleis nourifli the hair, h render'd 
chilly by fear 3 £0 thq, nutriment of the hair may per* 
haps be fo far vitiated, as to caufe this alteration i 
and they being of a diaphanous fubdance, and confe- 
quently fubjedi to bear a fudden change of colour* 
But for your further fatisfa6lion, fee DiemerSrceck's 
AnatQm, Corf. Human, p. jfp, f6o, 

Q^ If whti/i in bUfs, ypHf hapfv k$Hrs ym ffend^ 
.An ear y OH deign to humane fufferings lend, 
Bleji youths, vouchfafe t* ajp/i a wetched fmain^ 
IVtth your advice, and mitigate his pain. 
Love o'er my hearty an empire ne^er cou'd iojtjl: 
Nor havs I ever yet my freedom loft, 
* No nymph cou'd e'er fuch powerful charms imparU 
Jls coud prevail o'er my well-guarded heart, 
Urttil the poWrfui little God of love. 
To be reveng'di fir ft fhew'd me in a grove, 
Ihe charming Phillis, in whofe fparkling eyes 
His whole artillery in ambujh Ites, 
I0?en firji I faw the fair, a pUafing pain 
Vofftfs'd my heart, and ran thro' ev'ry vein ( 
/ never thought my h^art to love inclm'd. 
But beauteous PhiJUs fiill fo-is i^ my mind, 
fVaene'er I laid me down to take my reft^ 
Her lovely imjige flill was in my oreaft ; 
Rethought I held her melting in my arms, 
fofffs'd of all, and rev'lltng in her charms ; 

Vol,. III. T t ^ Wfit 



} 



^6i fhe British ApciLiLo. 

Bta when T ea^ wmi to grajp the fitir, 
Ifwni but emfty armi^ tundjkemg Mir. 
My Jying tea fan yet did faintly tfj, 
7b keep the field againft her enemy ^ 
Bttt love, triumphant^ get the viHery. 
jU la/I I let p^ charming PhiDis knen 
The pain, which I fer her did tmdergo. 
BHtJhet alas ! my bold addrtfs difowns. 
And I can nothing meet bnt /corn andfinomi 
Although 4ny birth and fortune equal aire^ 
And per/on not uncomely does appear. 
Tell tf^i ye fftges, how her love to gain. 
Or hov I may my liberty obtain f 

A, Tobe (hock'd at her frowns, becomes your fanhi 
The firt is pghtedt g^i^'d ^ em aJfauU i 
Renew attacks, nor give her any refi^ 
Till you have made impre£hn on her breaft s 
Nor hope a kind furrender to oblige, 
Till you hare gain'd it by a formal fiegc* 
Your conAant vigorous^ efforts, may be 
Means of that bH/j, you now deffair to fee. 
If after all ihe will relentkfs prove. 
And deaf to all th* addrejfes of your love s 
Then her ingratitude, perhaps may cstre. 
And you her fiorm may with negleSl endure, 
Convinc'd thii/he has not that^/, chat/vM# 
Engaging fotdy you coveted to meet. 

Q. Tell me, ah ! lell me, fins of art^ 
What is the caufe of found of fmmmt^ 
And why, as we have caufe to thinks 
Some do much more than others ftimmk. 
Jf this you anfwer, learned fwains. 
The next I lety take for your pains f 

A. Iiitcfline winds do f-^ts create* 
And thu5 infpire your rattle pate : 
The ft.— ks attending fuch defcents. 
Spring from the foetid continent?. 
The hogoes thus which guard your drains. 
Speak them the iiTue of your brains. 

Q^ Two 



fheBKiriSH Apollo. p5j 

Q^ TVtf Gimkwtmin in great difirtp dtfrt yem advict. 
Thetr fasber bmg duU tUfmt lo j9»i 0g», their mother 
married agiun, A mimfier ef the ehtirch of England, wh§ 
htfore his marriage with their mother^ told them both ft* 
veral times they might live with him^ and he woM havo 
ttothing of them for their diet ; which fromife he hath rei" 
ttraiedfince he hath been married, till both of them being 
tome to abottt ti years ^ ago, and having received from 
mo 0f their unkles a finaUfam of money fir their fortune, 
bo hath pitk'd a qttarrel with them^ and threatens to or'* 
refi them, if they don*t fay him forthwith fir their diet^ 
H^hen they dtfke him to remember Ins fromife^ he anfwers^ 
'tis a verbal eno that f^nifies nothing at sill' Some peofU 
advi/e them to fay him without any delay, otho^s would 
hetve them go to law, either of which advice will ruin 
4homy and fend them a begging i 

A* Though your cafe may appear hard at firft fight* 
yet it is not really £>, further than thus : IF you aiiy 
V9Vf pronooted your father- io-law's marriage with 
yqar mother* and the match anfwer'd the charge he 
took upon him ; or if he exa^ed more for your ix>ard 
than you could elfewhere be boarded for ; or \£ your 
d^pendance on his promiie prevented you frdm tak^ 
ing other methods for your fubfiflfcnce ; if either of 
thefe he has done unjuftly by you, and difhon'ourably. 
In infringing his word in any point. But however 
it may be, they are extreamly in the wrong, who 
fldvife you to go to lav^ivich him \ for tho' we wiU 
not fuppofi? your father-in-law will be forfworn, yet 
the Chancery will exa^fi: a valuable confideration ia 
fbme kind for the charge he hath been at. All the re-* 
]f«f we can propofe, is, to obtain of fome friends to 
perfiiade him in the bed manner they can, and to 
urge the fandion of his word, and your dependanccf 
thereof. 

Q^ / happening to be in fome perfons company one evening^ 
who refieded very much upon a certain young Lady, a 
weighbour ofhsim. Now Gentlemeny your opinion is defired* 
whether it was proper for me, as being a neighbour, to fpeak 
ftp in the Lad/s beiidf (he not being there to anfwer for 
Joerfelft T t a .<f. Not 



j<54 ^^ British Apollo. 

A, Not only a neighbour, bur (hould yru hear 
flrangcrs abus'd'by refleSions behind their backv, you 
are obliged by cbriftianity and humanity to vindicate 
them. 

Q. lather tht enjoymg ^of oufward things ^ or the cm- 
itmmng of them be the mojl dffireable f 

A, To evidence the preference of the latter to the 
former, we fhall not inlift upon the uncertainty of 
outward things, iince the (Irid^ purport of the quc^ion 
has a neccflary regard cither to the prcicnt enjoyment 
€f them, or to a permanent continuance in fuch an 
enjoyment. But yet we may confider thoic fbwr in- 
gredients, thofe allsying mixtures, which even the 
very lead allay 'd, the moft un mingled of all worldly 
happinefs is conflantly, is inseparably attended with. 
Though a man be not made rich, but be always foj 
though the glory of his houfe be fuch as not to need «o- 
creafe j though according to the meafure of humane 
felicity, he his all things at-his defire ; yet he will 
fomecimes meet with fudi^ bitter portions, yet gall 
and wormwood will £o intermingle with his Aiff 
and bis honey-comb, as to give abundant tedfmony to 
that divine Aphorifm, mun is bom to trouble as tht 
/far ks Jly upward. Though zn Haman be the happy 
man that is honourable, not only as was the Syrian ge- 
neral with his mafler, but with his fellow fubjcds 
tooi though able to lay in the words o^ Job, Whenl 
vent oat of the gate through the city, -when I frefared w) 
feet in the ftreet, the young men faw me^ and hid them- 
f elves, and the aged arafe and floe d up s though thus 
able to boa(l of the homage that is^aid him, yet a 
clownifh, an uncourtly Mcfdecai ihal] damp his joyi 
imbirter his delighrs, and baiiance the bended knees of 
many with the undiftinguijljing hth^viour of zfmgU^r 
fon. But a difpoiirion that heroically contemns the 
Toothing infinuations, the flatterfng addreiles of tem- 
poral enjoyments, it is liable to no allay, obnoxious 
to no dependences, fuperior to all contifigences, to 
all events. He who has learnt to defpife a defpicable, 
^hough gaudy fcene? of him we may be allowed to 

fay, 



The British Apollo. p^j 

£^yj thmgh a thoufrnd accidents befall him, md ten thn^ 
J^nd are at his* right handy )ec they can not come nigh 
htm. To him wc may fipply that cjtprcfTion of the 
poet's : 

Si fraBus illabatur orbis^ 
Jmfavidum ferient ruina. 
The very world's foundations tear. 
And fcarlcfs he the (hock will bear. ■ 
Ihefp'trit of a man, when it can thus fujiain hit itt' 
jirmity^ wlien it can laugh at the treacherous pageantry 
of iablQDary happfnefs, it h a never faih'ng baTiam» 
(hall we fay, againd the froarting evils that aflault us ? 
Yea« it is more than fo j it is as much preferable to 
the very balm of Gilead^ as it is better to prevent tbaa 
to heal a wound. And therefore fo excellent a fpirit, 
ft is not a cure,. but a prefervative, k is not a remedy, 
but an antidote. To moralize the fiction of an in- 
vulnerable AchdUSf here we may apply the (lory, with 
one additional redridlion only j namely, that the brave 
contemner of outward things has not fo much as an 
ung$Mrded heel. , 

Tranfitory plcafures are fo difproportionate to the 
vaft capacities^ to the bouiidlefs appetites of our cra- 
ving, our immortal fouls, as fufficiently to verify that 
general obfcrvation, ih^t fruition is unequal to' expeHa^ 
tion. And therefore, while wc expc(& a fubftancc. 
yrQ grafp a (hadbw ; while wc expeci a ynno, wt 
embrace a cloud. But he, who can contsmn the worlds 
and the things that are in the worlds centers his happi- 
nefs upon adequate, upon proper objects, the very 
contempt of that, which others with fo much eager* 
nek purfue, afford him an inexhauilible fpring of 
' Hooding joys i afiord him fuch fubllantial comforts^ 
as fafs all underflanding \ fuch ravifhing delights, ^ 
the world can neither give, nor take away. 

Thofe outward things which Icem fo havt the Ica8 
of cmptinefs, are yet, alas ! impair'd by a contrary 
extream. They no fooner regale than cloy j no fooner 
pleafe than fatiate ; no fooner fatisfy than furfeir* 
Cut he > who can overlook fuch vanities as thefc, 

T t 5 knows 



S>66 The British Apollo. 

knows how to be regal'd without being cloy'd i to be 
'^kt^h'd without fatiety j to be fatisficd without a furfeit» 
Q^^ether it be afitfiramMn, after ht bad frcmiftd 
to have a certain Lady^ and aftervftrds Jhotild have more 
mmd to another t to marry the latter , iecaufe he thmks if 
be had the formtr they fhould not live haffily together, 
tho' the former has the moft money f , 

A. As we fuppofc your k\i to be the pcrfbn conccm'd^ 
fo we are obliged to teii you, that you fliould have 
maturely examin'd the temper of the Lady, (houkl 
have nsade a ftrid^ fearch into the qualities of her 
mind, before you had proceeded to the inviolable fo- 
lemnity of a matrimonial promife, to that non regre* 
eliendum eft, that prohibited liberty of making a re- 
treat. For the promifc you made her, was for Setter 
or for vporfe, unlefs other particulars than that of barely 
thinking, that fhe will not make you happy, could 
juftify a di Engagement. Tho* yet a reafbnable fufpi- 
cion of your future unhappinefs will warrant you to 
make felicitous application to the Lady, that ihe 
would be pleafed to be fb kind, or rather £> cofl« 
iiderate, (for £nce a man and his wife are no longer 
two while one fkfh» their interefts cannot poffibly be 
divided) would be pleafed to be fo confiderate for her 
own fake» as well as yours* astogtveyouadifcharge. 
(i^Wby any man keeping himfelfin one pofiure, (in on 
Miry place) and awake, fhould not catch cold as fion os 
fUeping in the famt place, and pofture i 

A, Becaufe in the time of Heeping there is retrac- 
tion of the natural heat ; whereupon the circumam- 
bient air enters the pores, and coniequently the ex- 
ternal parts muft be rendered chilly. 

Q. / defire you to inform me iy whom the lEpiftk t0 
the Hebrews was wrefe f 

A. Some have attributed this admirable Epiftle to 
St. Luke j fome to Barnabas i and others to St. CU* 
mens. And the reafon that gave occaiion to fbme to 
rob St. Paul of this incomparable treatiie ("for a trea- 
tife it has been thought by fome, rather than aa 
cpiftle^ ]s« becaufe the name ofthisapofile is notpre- 

fixt 



The British Apollo. 9^7 

fixt to it. But St. ?Mul might pertioently omit his 
naixxe* becaufe he was the apollle, not of the ytws^ 
but of the Gentiles j and becaufe (afs Clemens AUxan" 
drmus excellently adds) he had fuch an awful reve- 
rence for his Lord and Mafter, who was the very great 
apoftle of the Hebrews ^ I am not fent (fays the UefTed 
Jefus) but to the loftflnep of the heuft d/Ifrael. 

Wc learn from St. Jerome ^ that all the Gredt fathers 
and eaflern Churches cntertain'd this celebrated com- 
pofure as St. ?(ml\ $ and in this they were followed 
oy the lAtim. But iince the argument, eafy to be 
deduced from i Vet. iii, /, i^. is fo forcible to any 
ordinary capacity, What need we wny fAtther ttfirnvny t 

Q. Since 'its the general ofinion ( and it may be clearly' 
frovei )^ thai our blejfed Saviour was in the grave^ or 
ftate of" the dead little more than one whole day and 
two nights j How are we to under/land thefe words in 
Mzt. xii. 40. which fiem to have been prophetical (ftk0 
time Chrtfi was to con tinue in the fefulchre f 

ji. Since our Saviour notwithAanding your afHrrcH 
Oft be acknowledged true, was part of three days in 
a ftate of death, it is no unufual figure to repreienc. 
fradions under the integers with the fubjedis they 
are firadions of. 

Q^. Xou give an ingenious foetick qtteriftyour ofinrm a* 
bout predejiinatian to eternal mifery i which does not fully 
fatisfy me, fray^ dtdfM God from all eternity foreknoi» 
that man would (!n, forfeit his favour thereby and be an 
pbjeB of his wrath t did he not likewifefareknow hefhould, 
and determine to fend his Son to dye for finners f did he no$ 
alfo foreknow thofe certain indrviMtal perfons, even by nmn$ 
{and thenttmber of *em) that would clofe with Chrjfi, and 
thereby become heirs of falvation upon his terms f Sd he not 
likewife forefee, that none of thefe would be able to comply 
with the Gofpel terms without his ajjtflancey and at the fam$ 
time (if I may fo fptak) determine to grant it ! granting 
thefe, pray, wha( did God do with refpeS to the refl of the 
world f I think, he pafs*d *emby, i.e. did notpurpofe to give 
'em that grace, without which they can*t perform the terms ^ 
thereby thy are left to final fm\ which God forefeeing alfo, 

T t 4 da 



j)68 The British Apollo. 

dTtd ^ not furfofe to funijh 'em vith eternal tUmnMftonf 
jfihich amounts to the fame thing as the other: fori yiar- 
: rel not ahut words > pardon the length, andgivea candtdaih 
fwer to a lover of the truth, 

A. The whole thread of the arguincntation cen- 
ters in this; that God didno^propoSro gfvctothoft, 
vvhom be predeflinated to damnation, that grace, with* 
^ut which they can't perform the terms of falvation. 
But that God did not thus unconditionally and rigo- 
roufly predeftinate any to damnation we appeal evea 
to him, who predeflinated thofe to falvation whom he 
foreknew; the Lord is not flack concerning hhfromife, buP 
is long fuflering to us-ward-, not. willing that ar.yfhouldf^ 
rifljy but that all (obfcrve the note of univcrfality) hi 
ihftt all fhould come to repentance, 

Q^ Vray, what is the meaning of the words ^Solomon, 
Ecclcf. X. and the latter part of the i ofh ver/e — for a 
Bird of the air fhall carry the zotce, and that which hath 
wings flmll tell the matter f 

A. The meaning is, that we (hould religioufly abftain 
from the mifdemcanorfpccified (as indeed from every 
other fin) and not truft to the fecrccy of the commif- 
^on, (ince there is nothing hid, but whftt fhall be made 
manifeji, nothing done in iecrct, but what fhall be 
frocWtm'd upon the houfetop. For the time will come, 
^Nhtnthe thoughts ^all (as well as of many^ hearts 
(hall be revealed, 

Q^ Mark xvj, i6. He that believes, and is baptiz% 
Jh^ll befav^dy but he that believes not y fhall be damn*d. 

If mm are faved but fuck as believe, haw can infants 
btinafiate of falvation, fince they are not in a capacity of be* 
iieving f or if, according to the received opinion of the ana- 
haptifls, they can*t be btjAtix^'d unlefs they believe ; hov 
mufi children free themfdves from original fin committed by 
their firfi parents, fince they are not of years to underfiana, 
Tphat a covenant of grace means t but if adults are enfy 
to deceive the benefit of this covenant, and chddr en exempted 
from baptifm and in u flate of falvation j then the evan» 
g^iffls muft be fnppofed to fay, he that believes, and he 
iiat biUnts net, yhaU befavd. 

N A. Some 



The British Apollo. p<Jp 

ji. Some general fcntcnces carry with them fuch 
neccflary and natural rcftridtions. that wc cannot for- 
bear to wonder, that any fhould overlook fuch obvious 
referves. And what encreafes our wonder is, that the 
moft illiterate in their common converfation do both 
imply and allow of iuch eafy limitations. Strange! 
that one manfhouldfo readily undcr(land^ another, and 
yet be £o very apt to miltake his Maker, though he . 
acconrmodate himlelf to his own modeof fpcech, and" 
condefcend to a level with his capacity. When our 
Saviour therefore fays. He that believeth not, fljall be 
4Umn*d, one would think that th© very infants you 
alledge, could almoft know, that the meaning of the 
pafTage is, he who is in a capacity of believing, and yec 
oelieveth »o/, fhall be damn*d. St. PaulCzys, if any man 
will not toorkt neither Jhall he eat^ And yet who of us 
will fuppofe, that fuch perfons, as through wcaknefff' 
and inability of body are incapable of working, are by 
thatapoiiolicalinjundfcion condemned toftarve? 

Q. IPhaifirt of fruit did the forbidden 'tree bear f 
Jl, To pry into/ a master which can be learnt na 
where but in theScrfptutes, and which yet the Scrip- 
tures give us no account of, is in a manner to imi- 
tate oar mother £^'e's curiodty, and, as it were». ta 
tad of the forbidden fruit. 

Q. Horn old was Adzmwken Eve wnsmadel 
Ji^ All that caft with certainty be coilcfted is, that 
he, was not a day old. But how much fooncr on. the 
fixth day he was created than Bi'f, the Scriptures ac- 
quaint us not, tho' indeed we read of ^me ioter- 
vening occurrences. 

Q. ToH hold the fun to be an immoveable center, and 
the earth to be elliptical', ivhifh opinions feem not to be coV'^ 
Jbnant to Script ure^ or reafon, 

'Tisfaidy that in the days of JoOitra the fUn T?as fiofd 
in its cottrfe for fome time 5 which I take to be an argw- 
ment to proze the fun no fix' d body ^ if it ts, all times of 
fheTcar wfifi'd be alike to us, if the foles of the earth ar^ 
Jix'df, as none doubts but they ape, 

T t J jfgain^ 



,-.—,- 



570 Tie British^ Apollo. 

jQam^ if tht fun bi fix^dt hiw was it fUted in tht 
firmament (as we rtad in Qtudis) for figns and ftafons^ 
fir days and years f ' " 

If the earth ke elUfticaU the city of London and aU o» 
ther places on the globe muft be fmttimes elevated^ md 
fomstimts defreffed^ to make good fear opinion, 

A, The Scriptures were never deligd'd to teach us 
a fyflem of aftronomj, and therefore accommodated 
theoifeives to the capacities of men, who inthofeearif 
times underftood nothing of the earth's motion.' And 
this is but a common modeof (peech, fince thofe great 
aftronomers» who defend the Copernican fyftem, do y«t 
commonly &y, that the fun is fet i which is yet no 
other than a compliance with the vulgarly received 
hypotheds, and this h as warrantable as cuftomary, un* 
lefs where we are profefiedly treating of the matter 
in an adronemical way, (ince tlie intention of the {en(e 
in common way is the very fame under both,expre(^ 
fions. 

As for your (econdohjed^ion, the CopemkanszKxm 
not, that the earth moves round the-equator, but round 
the eciiptick, which is all one as i£ the fizn moved 
ronndthefame elHptick figures the £ime with r^rd 
to the di&rent feafbns of the year ; but becaufe (as 
you intimate) fuch a motion of the earth round the 
ccliptick would change the fituation of its poles, the 
Ccpemicans havehaj^ily found outa third motion, which 
they call the motion of inclination, or declinatioD, 
which motion holds fo conftant an an^ogy with what 
they call the fecond motion, as continually to defied 
the sxis of the earth from a parallelifm with the axis 
of the ecliptick. 

^As for what you iay, if the earth ly cUtptical, (jpc» 
it concerns us not at prefent to fay any thing to it, 
iince v/e aiierted not that the earth was elliptical, but 
that it roov'd round the fun in an elliptical figure.* 

^Whether the fun or earth mpves, it is yet the heat 
•nd light of the fun that divides time into years, and 
thofe again into days and ftafons. 

Q.06! 



Tlhi BufTrsiv Afollo. 971 

Q^Oh! gresu Apollo, to thy /acred Jbrmu 
Iff our fiuiri adtrer^ intiy hem » n 

Jberi frtftrMi mmj knees with anximt tkotightt^ 
Wait the [eUitim ef tnyflnn rtquefi^ 

T$U me, great God cf wifdom, hofm IJhaU 
The way to ferfe^ haffmefi attain i 
laujg have I wattder'd in a fkomy fath» 
Hepmg at Uft forne famt and gfinmermg rof 
liigbt reach and lightm my offregtd feuli 
Bta oh ! thefim efaUtnjfhopet hfet, 
Jbtd I am lift m ever-durmg dark. 

uf. In vaia yoa'U travel round the fpacioui g|obr» 
In fearch of what this world can never give s 
Could you the height of cv'ry fenie enjoy* 
Expand in ea(e» a Granger to all pain i 
Dull repetition ibon would cloy your {bu]» 
And fudden, fure privation, damp the blifs: 

No. 'tis Vfithin» this trai^quil ftate is founds 

A canfdmce clear and void ef aU effme. 

With iurc fuccefs will crown your ardent wiHi ;, 

Smooth ev'ry rugged path, give peaceful days. 

And with foft downy reft indulge your nights f 

Nay, what exceeds by infinite degrees, 

It will in/kre a future endlefs ftate. 

In fields of light, where floods of pleafures flow; 

And one eternal Juhilee goes round. 

Q. What fort rfvoodwas it^ where»tth Etithz caus'd 
the iron iefwim f 

A. As we cannot poftlbly be inform'd what fort of 
wood it wa», (b neither does it concern us to kno^ 
the fort, fiocc not the wood, but a fupernatural power, 
was the efficient caufe of (b wonderful an tm€t* 

Q^ Who was the firfi King f where and when did he 
kegsn his rdgn f 

A. Nimrod, the mighty hunter was the firft mo* 
narch. In Gen. x. i o. we read, that the beginning 
ofhfs kingdom v/zs'BaSel, 8cc. and as DaM wasren- 
dred Baiylm by the Seftstagint, fo this comports with 
that probable opinion, that Nimrod i$ the fame witli 
^Itts, who (as propfaane hiftorians inform us) was 

T t 4 the 



/ 



^yz The British Apollo, 

the founder of the Affyrttm monarchy. 

Q^ Whin mm that are bom blind do dreanty they %e^ 
rally dream that they fee things^ ferfeSly \ and though they 
ffever had any advantage of the rejUSilon of the light ^ytt 
th^/haU^ivoyouavery lively account of what they dream, 
Mfiinguiflnng the colour between com-fulds, meadow and 
faflure- fields i andiftheydreaip of fire, they know whether 
it be fmother'mgt cloitr without fmoak, or jUmmg\ andwhm 
they awake, can give as lively an account of it as moft me» 
who have their fight can do, 

A, We muft beg the qucrifl's pardon, if we cannot 
\t perfuaded of the matter of fad^, for it has been the 
common obfervation of a)l thofe, who have been con- 
verfantvitb men born blind, that they cannot by their 
moft accurate defcriptiona imprefs upon their mind 
any manner of idea of light and colours i whereas if 
they were reprefcnted to them in their dreams* they 
would tn a manner have a per fe6^ conception of them: 
but we would under(Hnd colours with re/pe^ toop« 
ticksi for men born blind havebeen obfer v'd to di(lin«- 
guifh colours by the'di£(ereneeof the touch. ' 

Q. Sufpcfe 1 by a houfe, a flable, and a horfe^ as fol- 
lows. For the fiable J gave 6 times as much as for the 
horfsy and for thehoufe lo times as much us for the fiable ^ 
thefum I fay in all is u loool. Now 1 defire to know 
what each Jtands me in, and tht method of working it by 
vulgar Arithmetick I 

A' Since the liable coil 6 times as much as the horfH 
and yet the houfe i o times as m\}ch as the fiable \ it 
follows, that the houfe cofls t o rimes 6 times, thar \^ 6o 
tiines as much as the horfe; attottfng therefore i for the 
borfe, 6 for the ftable,.and6o for the houfe, the whole- 
amounts to 6j, and confequeritly the horfc muft cod 
■^V> the ftablc ^^ . and the houfe -J-t- oi i coo /. and this 
at once acquaints by way of aliquot parts with the price 
of each, and dirc£ls you to the method of the arithme- 
tical operation. 

Q, Some itars ago my body was 
So corpulent and fat t 
I might have faf^dforcne o^th rjmts ractp. 

s . ' ' e^i 



H(^d I been bhft with a frofprtidn'd height z 

But mw, tM kvi, that killing gtkf^ 
Trh grown foktm and thin, 

I4yfiijh'ftarv*d bones treSt their heads, as if 
Ihey fcorn'd to lie imfrifm^d in tnyflmsl 

Inform me then, ye fons offame^ 
jind with found reafons /how^ 

f0)ether nobody ftill remains thejkme, 
jind what's become of my fat coUops mwt 

A. You boaft your former corpulence^ 
But now bare bones declare ;^ 

The greateil reafons then arife frooEi heaec^ 
To make your alteration plain appear. 

But. howy through lovet you're thus oppre^ 
Is clear, fince ftrong defires 

Inflame the regions of your fickly bread* 
And kindle in your heart confuming fires^ 
Q^ I07ilfi two months or more 
fVith'your fiUnce I bore, 
J flattered myfelfwith an anfwer, !^ 

Believing your God 
Might be taking a nod, 
' Or fumpingfor wit to advance. Sir, 
But oh /• have a care 
How you anfwers frepire. 
With neither folution, or meaning-, 

For 'twill make the world laugh$ 
To be pds*d by a calf, 
' After two or three months nice defining % 
For if in thofe lines 
One ray of ivit fhines, 
Mere Apollo his anfwer in^ts, . 
J^y calves may as wen 

Put in for the bell, i^ 

Aid vie with his fms for bright farts. 
Then let your next tell 
Why mutton- and veal 
Fi^eive . their new ri^mei from t he f aught er y 
Since to both, when alive. 
We other names give, 
s,\dndjcu'll hearno more o'this matter , A> What \ 



P74 75&^ British Apolx^o^ 

A. What! the calf come agea 

With his iracund peD> 
To propofe us more bull- elocution i 

Tho* Ills radical drain 

Does iriforia him (b plaiOf 
That he'll ne'er yearn a better folutioii^ 

And fince in your tbonghr. 

Etymology's naught. 
For your viduali take this our condufioo i 

'Tis a notion of things 

Which from foreigners ipriogs* 
That occafions this verbal confufimi* 

whop whoU /Ml he equal to tho eontonts of « circUl 
jt. That is, youdefireus to iquare the circle. 

Q^ f0yis the fun tSj Jays mpajphgfrom tho tqumx 
1^ March to tho eijutnox ^September, and but ij^Jajfs 
in fa^gfrom tho equinox of September to the o^tmox 
of Marcbj tho difiofioe being equal f 

jt Tho* you proceed upon the old Ptolemaic fy^em, 
yet the diflerence is the fame with r^rd to the an- 
nual motion of the earth i and the reafon of that dif- 
ference arifes from the elliptical figure, which the eartlr 
dcfcribes round the fun j for that part of the eliipfis* 
which is intercepted between the equinox of Septomior 
and that of March, is not fo large as thai between the 
equinox of March and that of September i and hence ic 
is, that the fun in winter is nearer to the earth in g(e- 
•^neral) than it is in fummer. 

Q^ I havejomo tme fmce married a wife wkb a very 
eonfiderable portion^ I havitk very little Jo begin tho world 
withal before I married her : we lived for two year 9 and 
upwards as comfortably as man and wife c<mU Itvo $ but 
mw of late, whether orno tho Be* ■ ■ / is in her, I cannot 
telit for without tho leafi provocation in the world fko is por^ 
fetually a jarring orfcolding'y fometimes fhe t^lsme,thaO 
before fljo married me iJoaJfcarceaflfirt to my batk'y wkh 
this and a hundred more provocations fho it perpetually to 
plaguing me. I defire to know thofpeediefl andfafefl way 

ta 



Tke British Afoi^lo. sr/f 

t» curi this D^^^^^^l of a wft. 

Smtgood wives they are grown [o fearcf, 
A tnaii had Setter be 
Wtthmt a JUrt upon his A— 

Than Itvo a life like mo. 

A, Thou unreaibntble man, to enjoy four and twentf 
l^oney- mooas, when one is fufficient for others; and 
not be contented 1 but before you proceed in your in« 
▼edi?es againft your wife, confider whether you have 
made yet full retaliation for the fortune (he {nought you 
when joa had nothing of your own 9 if nor». it is the 
poorefi {atisfa£iion you can make her, to give Rer the li-^ 
berty of her tongue i nay, poilibly in return for her 
taking you without » (hirt, you are in a way to leave 
her without afmock, and then with gpod reafon,. 

This fermentation of her blood * 
Being very like to laft. 

E'en be content to ehom the e$id 
Of pleafures which are paft» 

Q. In this cold and uMendfy dknate^ whether T, /mt 
American, ^ the mdvmentj of the ftars^ am throfm (Lke 
a/moaking foot toafi into a pot (f hot ale ift Jtnuiry) frono 
the glorious beams of the mUvming fan, to thegnajhneg of 
teeth in Dorea'i dsssfy territories ; finding necej^y compels 
rm to array the outward man with thrice the common load if 
Viftmomst to prefirvo and defend it from the injurious in^ 
fuUs of the inclement veather, do hitmbfy intreat your un* 
err'mgfhipSy to advife whether it's beft to wear a flannel 
waftcoat next my skin, or not ; I having attempted ro wear 
om^ but finding it makes my parchment carcafe always in 
humid fisdorification, 1 have defied till 1 had eonfulted 
the oracle; who may likewife be very ferviceablo to your 
own nation* in Anfwering this quejtian to oblige a Jlrangtr, 

A. Sinqe your application of this &ttcy tegument 
to your buckram cuticula, hath been tbo procatarac* 
tick caufe of hydrotick evacuations, thereby occa- 
fioning a gradual reparation of your cadaverous parti- 
cles, we hold it more falubrious for you to trarfmo- 
grify the prcmis'd tunic, and contrive one which may 
be fuipended overyour chilly ilioulders> and furniih 

you 



yj6 ihe British Apollo. 

^ou with fufHcient (helter agaioft northern bla(^s, and 
eqdip you according to the diftinguifliing mode pso- 
per to fuch countrymen. 

Q^ ) I Apollo ! Ova the fiur 
Jn cautious charms their rnnard fitants declare i 
Jf yeu fdtow th^ can, then fraj reUte, 
Jicvt in their phiz to read mv future fate ? 

A. Their fpeaking tycs will tell. 

The hidden flaaaes within their boforas dwell i- 
AVhich a quick-iighted lover cannot mifs, 
But thence with eaie may learn his future blifs*. 
Q« In vain foor Strephon daify lies, 

A frofirate at my feet i 
When all his pleading looks Mndfi^hs 
But cold indifference taeet ;. 
Thf' gentle pity o/tferfuade my hreafi^ 
That pains Uke his Jhmld furely be ndrefCdi 
But fom all tendeme/s retires. 

And, as hy feme decree* 
Idy heart refifts allfoft defres,. 
The God*s no p9»'r an me } 
Thus I all lovers Jfy with equal fcem, 
And f mile fo fee the cringing idiots mourn. 
Till aoj», you Apollonian wits profound, 
What fecret powers my heart environed round ^ 
. A. No fecret pow'r, Semtronia guards 
Your yet unwounded neart. 
The God of love alone retards 
The million of his dart : 
As fure as death it fclf, he once (Irikes all. 
And makes them vidims at his altar fall. 
Then pity your imploring fwain. 

And fend him quick re!ief» 
With pleating fmiles return his paia> 
With b^my words Jiis grief ; 
Or elfe we prophefy, you may too late 
Repent the caufe of his untimely flue. 

Another fwain as deaf to you may rife, 
^ Who may revenger the con<^ucfl of your cycsl 



^ 



7%i British Apollo. 977 

Q^ JPrsy, how can bvi, /ma all allov he's b1md» 
The way fir fntting others eyt$ wt find f 

A, When mortals his tyrannick influence fiild» 
It is not tht»/^ bi)t ht in thrm is blind* 
Q. Vm tW'd of my hfi 

With a Jot of a vife. 
Who fi confltmtly drunk is as Apollo | 

That Vll ask your advice, 

^Caufi I know you are wife. 
And your counfil quodcunque tUfelkm-l 

Quaque no£te fie eft, 

Whether drtf$*d er undrefs'd^ 
JUay, up or « bed, S'tr^ i^s idem i 

1 would not fay fo, 

Wer't not certainly trtee, 
Proh Deum atque hominum fideoh 

What (hall I do f 

Scio nop, fed fcis to, 
Shall J fcourge her, and afterwards fait her\ 

For I think ilia merer. 

Nee whitewine, nee claret. 
But a hemp-necktloth (alias an holier,) 
A. Since a rice each night 

Is your madam's delight. 
Ne'er with beadle or hangman confront ber». 

But oomply with the punk. 

And each morn make her drunk» 
For Similia • fimiliis curantur, 
( * Our licentia poettca fro fltmlibus, ) 
Q: If a Gentleman ask 

Of Apollo a task, 
I hdpe his good manners and deeding 

Will clear uf the douht. 

And th' uneafinefs put out. 
If be thinks the caufe worth the heeding f 

The* the lines that I write. 

Are not worthy his fight. 
His pupil will take*t as a favour^ 

if the bad he cerreSs,^ 

And mends the defeSts 
Whh his mighty ?sixniJ3xL$*s JUvoter : ^^'hem 



578 ^^ British Apoli,o. 

l0Hm iMter I drmkf 

ffhkh moft pfpfli flunk 
It a iifiur as fiber and tpiiet 

As coiFee and tea, 

It nier will agree 
If ah my brains ^ tohich it fits in a rief* 

Some vt't then befitm^ 

Wtth which you fi fioiw^ 
Te infiruB me, and an/wer the tpteftim^ 

That in time I may gMt 

Tho* with fitsdy and faint 
Wffr yenr precepts a better digefiien } 

JBttt tf yoH fefi^fi 

7b encofsrage my mufi. 
With wine Vll enliven my wit^ 

And fray te the nine. 

Who will certainly join 
lAy revenge, to make yott fiibmit f 

A* That your brains fhould decline, 

F^the want of good wine, 
And your mufe that appeareth £0 wittj* 

Should furni(h her themes 

From fuch iniipid ftreams, 
Wc confefs is a rery great pity. 

Then from henceforth ne'er lack 

A full bumper of fack. 
Or of good red, or white^ 'tis no matter i 

For the learned have told. 

And the fame we all hold. 
That there's no dithyramWck in vMet. 

Q. Jfyve has wings,, why fiays hem tity bretfi^ 

Confined clofe fris'ner^ fitre he eannet fly f 
If he's all blifs, why am I thus diftrefs% 

Can I be iltfs'd, and yet each m^mwt dit f 
Sayy Uaming^s God, whefr beams ef wifihm /bine 
More bright than all yottr filar rays divine 1 
Teach me fime way to change to bUfi my [man» 
Or drive the con^u'ring aptiye fiim w^ heart f 



XHis 



flbe Br iTiSH Apollo. P79 

ji. His ivni/i they were convcy'dhioi to hit breaft. 

Not pris'a.er there, bat j^m he holds in chalin | 
He's not all Aitfs^ nor are his fubjeds ble(«*d 

Entirely, fince their joys are xnix'd with pains. 
In vain to us your fuilerings you tRi{>arty 
Since we cou'd not retrieve our captiv'd heart i 
Love is the pow'rfuIPft deity above* 
And often hath triumph'd cv'n over ycve, 

Q^ A young Lady <f my acquamtunct had given her 

h another Gentievoman, ahout a year ago as a prefent 

fowr flowers \ ihty are very like a camom'd flower^ but dt' 

ftitute'of any manner effmelly their ftalk is about twice 

the length ef one*s finger ; the root was not brought with 

them j the Lady has never put them in water fina they 

were given htty and yet they coni'muaUy bud and grow. 

Now I beg the favour of you, to ajpgn any reafon for thit 

growings fince they have no root, neither is it fcffibli for 

any moifiure to be now in their ftalk j they were brought 

pom Madera, and Jhe has now about lo full as long and 

as big as the firft four. If yostr fociety have not faith 

enough to believe it, I will, if you dejke it, appoint '« 

place to meet any of you, and fhew you them now with tboi 

buds onfeveralf 

A. if the matter of fa^ may be depended on, the 
^hanomenon may not unfairly be accounted for. For 
the flowers may be of fuch a nature, as to condensate 
the air they receive within the pores i and we iup- 
po(e you cannot be ignorant, that air may be conden- 
&ted into motdure i as the fweating pillars in PTe/l* 
minftir^Abby are a vulgar inftance. 

Q^ Whether the word fomethlng* without any word 
jm*d to it, hat any fignification f 

A, If the word has no fignification it is nothing ; 
but we hope you won't allow fimetking to be nothing^. 
and yet nothing it (elf has a fignification too, tho' by 
way of negation only } but the word fomething im«^ 
ports the firfl predicament of being; and when other 
words are join'd to ir, they may feem to determine 
its generical fignification to a fpecifical one j tho' in- 
deed^ 



S>S(y ^he British Apollo. 

deed» we rather think th^t they change its figoifica- 
tion» and make it an equivooal word. 

Q. I4^at cools f0oner than fealing-wax t 

A. Tiie afiledlions of die fickle. 

(X: If we divtdi the feopU*d world in halvesy 
And one fart iooh, the other fafs for knaves > 
Jf this be trsse, divine Apollo, tell 
Where the wife herd, and where the honefi dwell f 

A. Your dividend won't hold by modern rules. 
Since now one knave can make an hundred fods -y ^ 
AWovi'mg folly then but i^4^ fupplies, 
^There's room enough for th' honefi and the wife. 

Q^ Tour reafon why tnen^s beards do grew 
In fummcr fafi, in winter jJbw f 

A. *Tis moifture feeds the hairy ikorcsi 
>Vhich heat extrudes, and folves the pores. 

Q^ Therf was a certain doBor in Faris» who dfd about 
the year io6o. AP the interring of whom, when the priefl 
in the form then us*d^ came to the words , Refponje mi hi, 
that corps fat upright upon the bier^^and cry d out, Jufto 
Dei Judicio accufitus fum, lying prefentlj down again ; 
the attendance being afionifWd, deferred the funeral litl 
next day, which being come, they went again to officiate 
the duty for the dead, which at the fame words rofe 4- 
gaij^y and more hideous than before cry*d, Jufto Dei Ju- 
dicio judicatus fum. They then deprrd this ftrange bu' 
rial till the next day, and fiiU at the fame words the third 
tHne rofe up and cry*d, Jufto Dei Judicio condemna- 
tus fum. Whether this was the real man that ^ke, or 
feme infernal /pirit through his organs ( My opinion is, that 
it wat Satan, who thereby might think to drive others into 
deffatr ; for all knowing him to Uve a godly hfe, as Bruno 
faith, who was eye-witnef: to this, and feems by his wordsp 
as if he thought it to be the resd man that fpoke t 

A, You fay, that Bruno ( who was profeflbr of di- 
yinity at Taris, and founder of the Carthuiian order} 
was an eye-witne^ to the prodigy of the Parifim doc- 
tor, who has been iince call'd Raimond Diocree, Ante- 
ninus (arcbbiihop of Florence) does indeed affirm it ; 
but as he quotes no authority, Canus (a famous monk} 

afiures 



X^e British Apollo, p8i 

aiTures us, that be made no ftri6l fcrutin/ into mat- 
ters of tadi. Gerfin ( chancellor of the univerfity of 
Taris ) prcfencs us with the firll written account of 
this flrange ftory } but we have a wonderful deal of 
reafon to give acdit to an aftonidiing event* which 
the very 6rfi relator recommends no otherwiie^^baa 
by report y but tho' other authors have fince treated 
of .the matter, yet they foifter in /uch additionary 
circumHances as arc dei!ru6live of one another* and 
are flagrant forgeries. 

They who fay that Bruno was pre&nt at the dread- 
ful fped^acle; acquaint us withal, that this was the 
occafion of his retreat from Varis to CaUtrm in Jtttfy. 
But Bruno himfelf, in a letter to BtMd k Verd (provoH 
of the church of Btims) prefents us with a di£ferent 
teafon of his choofing -a monaftick life, without tak- 
ing the leaft notfce of fo wonderful an occurrence $ 
and Guibertf abbot of Nagent (an ancient and credita- 
ble author) in bis life of Bruno, fays nothing of the 
matter, even where it had been proper to have done 
it, had the thing. been true. And what is very ob- 
iervable, Feter (drfiam'd the vtntrtible) who was con- 
temporary with Brunoy is iilent in this affair, evea 
where be couM not)iave avoided the relation, had the 
account been agreeable to matter of hGt $ nor do we 
meet, (as is pertinently obferv*d) with this melancholy 
tale in any author for near 240 years after the infli- 
tution of the Carthufian order. . 

Thefe are the arguments fome eminent Bomamfts 
bring agatnft the Hory ,* and therefore, tho' it be mat- 
ter of debate among feveral of them, Et adhuc fub 
fudUe Us efi^ yet furely we Pro tenants cannot choofe 
but jojn ifTue with thofe who defend the negative, 
fince a faitfalefs, doubting and tranfubflantiating one, 
can never bear a compliance with fo groundlels a re- 
Jation. 

Q. 1 think 'its agreed m all hands, that extmicn is a 
fifi ; 6uf when one commits that crime, is not fi ( clearly 
defiled') as fome could wijfj j for to take even legal inte- 
reji ofapor man, {fimefay) is extortion. And I defire 

I you'd 



j)Bi ^e British Apollo. 

ym'd fUnfe to inform th» ffibUckt ff *tis my fit f§ tMke 
more than the Uw allows, when the forfcn that gives h^ 
not only profftrs it^ but is certain^ st gainer by it, and 
woH'd be a ^ofir without b t 

A^ If the man who ofi^rs you more tiiao ufual lo- 
tered for a loan of money be a poor man* \% U n# 
fuiEcient plea to fay,- that be will be a gainer by it» 
for din you take^ ad vantage of Che man's necefficies, 
and raife illegal profit to your felf from the fweat <^ 
another's brow, and what h this but in fcripture- 
language lo grind the poor f *Tis true, if you can make 
an equal proBt of your money in another way, and 
yet let it out to a poor man at a Iqgal interefl, you 
make hrm a free gift of the iotermi^te difference. 
If therefore your own fcanty circumfbnces will not 
allow you to be fo charitable, we can fee no reafba 
why .your more than ordinary demands, which wifl 
be yet advantageous to the voluntary borrower, fhon'd 
be included within the notion of extortion. 

Q^ H^ich hath fhe moft reality in it felfy the height of 
fleafure, or the height of pain / 

.^. The height of pain ; fince the height of pica- 
fure is generally onJy a releafe from pain, as in eating 
and drinking, after the pains of hunger and thirft ; 
reft after the pain of labour, (ji^c. Besides, pleafure 
fickens with continuation, and dies with habit ; whereas 
pain is rather increased thereby in rcndring the party 
inore infirm and unable to fupport agatnft rt. 

Q. How can death be /wy terror to perfins'not cenvinc'd 
of a future flat e^ and yet it is generally obferv'd to he fo, 
fven to profcfs*d Atheifts ! 

A. Bccaufe it is impoffible for any of them to be 
convinc'd of the contrary, and the mere doubt of be- 
inz ve know not what, we know not where, carries terror 
in it fdf. 

Q^ Being in company with fome Gentlemen, a diffutt 

arofe amongfi us about paintfp^ and carving, fome <»/-. 

firming, that thafi two arts wfr«. cffe^hially the [arm, 

which others de>y*d ,* but neither being com'mc^d by the o- 

tier's arguments, a wagtr was laid, and the tnmttr «- 

ferr'i 



9%e British Apollo. pSj 

ferr^d U Apolfo, mth tnmtMl ccnfm to aSiJe iy kisjtuf^^ 
fffem in the matter f . 

ut. It is a general rule* I0}»t Mgrte m • third, Mgrn 
^•ween themfiives i if it te obje£ted, that a hm»k and 
a hwnd are the ^unCf becaale both Kring atatttrefl 
it foiJows not 9 for tho" tbey agree m the generality 
of bcin^ Irving crcstnrw, yet they diller in the j^^^• 
Mty of Kind : And as there i$ no tffintmi diffmnct bei* 
ti^een twt> partfcalar mm, both being ratmMl nta^ 
tures i Co tliere is not between pmfim^ and emvmgf 
for both tend to Aefimt'end, by reprefenting indi- 
vidual fubflances ; and both mt»(l obfitre the lenae 
geometrieai fMmky in wfrat tliey rrprefcRt. 

Suppofe a painter znd'carvrr were to counterfeit the 

iame perfon, doubtleis both wou*d conceive the fame 

idea of him, proceed in their mmdii witir the iame 

difcourfe of reafm and nrr ^ and obfirve the fame geo* 

metrical quantity, endeavtmring to make it as Hke the 

perfbn they reprefcntcd as they could : and fo the 

draught cxpreiTmg the idea's a£ both worlcmen, wou'd 

agree in expreffing the true refimHance^ which \s the 

eflence of the art. *Tb tnie* one painteth and the 

other carveth j but this rs a material difirenct onIy» 

which argues no fpecifical difference in art or faence, ^ 

and 'tis the epnrial dfjfiretice alone that malceth a di- 

ftindtion of.fpecics, and diveriiry of fcience. If it 

be obje^ied, that the r/irvrr maketh more of thej%«r# 

than the painter, it is anfwcr'd, more or lefs makes 

BO fpecifical or proper difference ; therefore it is the 

defe^ of matter, and not of art, 

Q^ Why have mm hreafii, effecialfy nippUst fiia they 
never give fuck f 

A, As nature gave them to the women for ufe, fb 
did fhc beftpw them on men for ornament, 

Q. Why does the Horizon appear plainer in a dmdy dsy^ 
than in clear weather f 

A, To the qucftion. Why the StM, when near the 
Horizon, appears- bigger, than when, near its Meridian f 
The ufual folution was, bccaufe the Atmofphere i% 
more condenfc m its lower than its upper regions i 



9^4 Jl^ British Apot*fco. 

but Bncc Dr. ffallis has confuted the folutioa, (fie 
Brinjh AfcUo, numb.*—) jour ^ueftion is thence deda- 
ciblc in thie negative. 

Q. ^t I d$rt to kao» where the bird »e call fel- 
fare refides til the fummer } tind mlfo the bird caltd 
wheat-ear, (thtit are only feen and ctutght en the downs 
m SufTex m the rmmth ^ Auguft ) Irje the remainder 
ef theyeMr» and why they tare only feen about that timef 
. ji. It is our opinion, that the felfare ieeks colder,' 
and the wheat-ear hotter countries, as was before men- 
tioii'd, concerning the woodcock zad /wallow. 

Q^ At telling f As fwttmes fo famous yeu*re grown, 
And for fohmg of dmbts you've the vogue ef the town^ 

Jb your awful feat. 

The little, the great , 

The aiy, the ffrave. 

The coward, the brvue^ ' 
In cluJUrs do merrUy hover : 

Tho amorous maid. 

The toothlifs old jade. 

The lever that's crofl. 

And the lafs that hath loft 
What flfo no more can recover: 
Sineo to thefe and to others you give your advice, 
fray, tell me your thoughts of my works in a trice. 

From VztmGns juji fof*d, 

I can* t fay I've kop'd^ 

But willing to knew 

My fortune y and fo 
Trom the reft ef the bards Tm defcended. 

To come to Apollo, 

I0xfe advice I will follow. 

And do what he fays. 

So I merit ifse bay^^ 
And from him I hofe to be friended. 
Then without hums and haws fray fend me an mi freer, ^ 
whether thus,,ifftill in my tlyming advance^ Sir, C 
/ mayn't for the laurel in time have a chance. Sir f J 

A, The man that dcfircs to o'ercomc in a race, 
Muft exert all his forces to quicken his face : 

Bitt 



3%^ British Apollo. >8f 

But hop will not do 
From famajfus^ or (b s 
Nor the caU of our lyre 
/Wm a ftripling inipire. 
Nor diims of alliance with nlu&s t 
' It is merit alone 
Makes the genius well known* 
Without anjr regard 
To yoor rife from a bard. 
And 'tis flatt^7 the laurel ainiiM^* 
THI yovr labours encrea/e then, and diHgenee oMre v^i 
We (haA place you amongft the PJ^/» Mimns. 

Q. With Sird-BottU'dnofi, 

CMl'd/hoes and tomUfi, 
It Apollo, addrefs yow lea^tfd finnii 

Nor eoM J titpeSk 

Ought hut fight tmd ntgkOi 
Wtn mt ym as ^d 09 dhiw. 

tm t90 grtiU mth that Gtd ^ * BSKcbltir*' 

Thsa fHakts pottnta^et mdt 
Whm he has erHer*d tMr Oa Crlbrifhrtte : 

So, h here I come 

H^h heth trwnfet' mid drmtp 
. Jind wkh fitU nfiktimte Jhn^ ye^ 

2 have a ^racen'i fkett 

i0nch proves my dt^rtteoy 
And the boy Si Sir, of me make a game ; 

How (hall lit cure, 

Vor I cftmot endure 
Te he hifs*d^ and calCd Saracen Sam ? 

A. Since the famous diiguife 

Of a Saracen*^- phyz. 
Through Bacehut's indalgence thou wearc(i» 

At the gift ne'er repine, 

Eut ftill wor(hip that (hripey •, 
Wbiift his votary thus thou appearefL 

And as Bacchus could fight. 

And mftormi you delight. 



Vou III. U u Char 



^ 



p85 ?!&«? Brttish Apollo. 

Charge the French then, and battles declare 'em : 

Bat if courage fhould fail. 

Still your looks may prevail. 
And your bulk ( like Goliah*s may (care 'em. 

Q. H'heiher H is fcj^le to imvi the fmaUpox twke m 

ji. We are of opinion none have it twice, and 
liave given our reafbos thereof in a private anfwcr, 
they not being proper for publick view. 

'Q^'Sttfpcfi I fr^ure « eerttun dtmMge te hedemu m 
$Bm, snd efter thai I froeure an equal benefit tebe date 
trim i query. Whether I may ww accmnt this bemfa as 
m reftitiuien fir the injury, altho' it was net the duty ef 
rejiitfttieu that mev'd me to procure it ^ him i 

,A. Reftitution, i^ith refped to damage onlj, im- 
plies oo more than s^n equivalent ; if therefore the in- 
jured perfbn has received a benefit adequate to tbe.dar 
mage' (whatever migtit be the motive to the former) 
lie cannot be (aid to b^ the worfe for you % and this 
muft be allow'd fufiicient to denote a reftitution. But 
then yon muft conHder, that the cafe is otherwiie with 
xefpe^ to Qod, whom we injure as often as we in- 
jure mam : For then we make reditution to our in- 
jured neiehbour out of a godly motive, fb excellent a 
fruit of unccre repentances not only the confequence 
of the fin, but in a manner too the very fin it felf ; 
and therefore you have reafon to be afraid, led God 
Ibott'd not accept of your accidental refiitution, un« 
lefs you iha!] be ready to embrace the firft opportunity 
that ihall prefent it ielf, of procuring to the damag'd 
perfbn fome other benefit with purpoie and defign. 

You (hou'd confider too, that you injur'J your 
iaeiehboar, not only in the damage he receiv'd, but 
slfo in Exerting the very reverie of that good will, 
which was your neighbour's due ; if therefore you 
wou'd make an unexceptionable refiitution, yon maft 
reftore him both. 

Q^ ApoHo, Frtthee h^srm me^ »hf uny moftsd enem 
Jhmld b$ tidtd» My Lord. adly» Irom whence it is d^ 

fveirdi 



TTfe British Apollo. pSy 

^'d 'y aad jdly, If thm Jtfi mB$» rf thai thh^ why 
fitViid it not bt abovt Ear), Duke, «r Kin{( ? 

^« As words are arbitrary things, fo, before ws 
condemn any particular ufe of tbein, we muft confi- 
der the different acceptations under which they are 
recommended to as j and here it is obiervable*' That 
the word Lard, even when applied to, men, has ?ari« 
ous (ignifications with us, as Lords of the parliamenra 
Lord Chief Juftice, Lord of the manor, Landlord, c^r. 
If therefore we were to apply the title of Lard in 
the fame extenfive ienfe as we do to God» the uia|^ 
would be unwarrantable and idolatrous. 

The word Lord is deriv*d from the old Saxm HIm^ 
fitrdt from gtvmg bread i for as hU fignifies bread, 
§a/i>rd is the fame with afford 'y and therefore theti« 
^2c was given fuitable to the nature of the perlbni 
tbat enjoy 'd it, i^ce great men were anciently fi- 
saoiis for hofpitality and munificence. 

Your third queftion is anfwerM from what is {aid 
above, namely, that words are arbitrary things. 

Qj^ Pfity txflain thi ^th verfe of the 1 6th chapttr ef 
St. Luke. Audi fay unto youy make to vour felvtj frtends 
tf th$ mammon of unrighteoufiiffs ; tMt ^ when je fail^ 
they may receive you into everlaftmg ha^tatibns i 

uf. We beg leave to explain the pafiage by way of 
paraphraie. 

Make fb right an ufe (in a^s of charity and bene- 
6cence) of thofc earthly treafurcs, which the chiidren 
ef this world are fo eager to obtain, (tho' by unrigh- 
ieonihefs and faiihood ) that when your departure Oiall 
^proach ( for fo the Greek original fugge(>5 ) thofe 
■Very eart'ily treafures, while expended upon proper 

ejc6ks, may be the happy occation of your advance* 
ent to an heavenly residence, to everUfling hahttationst 
Q; H^en a couple are a>ked in the church, the' mini* 
fays, Ifary of you knovfiaufe. or juft impediment &c, 
ay i'form me what the impediment t< t 
A* Thei« arc frverai juft iniped mrnrs, ^vh?' h m.iy 
rbid tht bares} namely, fi.ch as foi ow It •^h'- 
arriage be intended .wirhout the ..j. . r .. vi:; 

U 1 . ' 



^S8 TT^e British Apollo. 

/)f guarxiians i if etthec of xhc perfoM a^kVl be prf* 
rflgaged to anotber ; if the couple to be married be 
within the forbidden degrees of. conhngoimty f if ei- 
ther of them have iUch natural infirnoitieay m unfit 
for marriage* When therefore a couple are ask'd for 
in the church» if any of the perfoos prefenc are co»- 
icious to aoy of theie impediments, tkcy ue under an 
iodtfpenfible obligation of declaring ir, 

Qg^ Pr^ pj/tgn sbi ru^my why nw^vs cbiUtm vf A 
ftrfHMpmu prove ^nferaliy wUJer than mtms^ fim$ tk^ 
nmf U faid t§ hmtt th9 grtaufi opfirtmu^^ a vkums 
^Jucation^ as weU ms sn txemfUay faittm m that ft* 
fm$ t 

A. The Cuh}c6t of the quefHon is. morp common 
^han true : And the principal reafon» why the pcrfiitna 
Reified are thought to be generally wilder than o- 
tfaerj, may be perhaps, hecaufe the wildnefs is more 
particularly remark'd. But if the h€t he true, (tho' ''■ 
yet we mu^ confine it within, narrow^ bounds than | 
is ufually let to it) we may attribute the misfortune ; 
to their enfnaring cfrcumllan^s* in that Co, many cf j 
them, after their father's deceafe are throwa upon tte j 
world, and ezpofed to the infults of the moft vioJeat 
temptations. 

Qi Pray favour hs with a fiamkar exfUcmfim of tho 
I ^th of the fSfh chaffer of Ifaiah, If thou titm mo»f 
fbjf footy &c. nith your ofinioVt tfbether from thai text 
fiii manner tf recreatiens on thi Lord'a da.y, after the 
fuhlick ferv'tce is over, as taking a vatk m tho fields^ er 
the like, be ahfolutely finful and forbidden^ ; and what it* 
h^ty a man may aUino h'tmfelf fi as to avoid thi two 
streams of fuperftition and prophaoeneis ? 

ji. In anfwer to the qneftion, with regard to tiK 
i:ited text, we beg leave to obferve the following par- 
ticulars. 

I. The very rigour of the fowjh law allowed its 
votaries to travel to a limited diftance, whence we 
Xead in Scripture of a fabtaoth day's joumiy i wUcii. 
Ay the Jews contain two thoufind cubits j that is,< 
pboj^ pighc f|irlongs» or a milc^ 

' ^ %dly.rh$ 



?2v British Apollo iSp 

l^y. The exflreinon in IfM^ of turning wr fe$i 
frmn tim /Msot^, or of Jm^ 9ur pUafure on that, hotj^ 
day* the/ imply qOt how Aridly the fabbaoth (hould 
be kept \ but enlf Torbid the Jevs to depart from 
the ordinances eojoyn*d concerning it. 

'^Hy% If the 'ftmfh laMr bid forbid all manner of 
Ycfrefhment on the labbai>th day, this could be no. far'' 
ther obltgitory to Chriftians, than the nature of the 
thing requir'd : For )vt are cali^d^ not unto $ondag9^ 
but unto libtrty. Tho' yet we (bould hare always the 
Apoille's caution in our riewi mfy mfk net liitrty f$r 
mm 9Ufifidn to thefie/h. 

4thfyi The priaiicire Chri/luns, (and who are wc* 
-that we ibodd bkme a prance Co famiiiar to tbofii 
heroes of the ancient Church?) They were not fo 
brigorons in their obKcrvation of the fabbaoth. Wbencef 
Ibme have miAilkett the fathers in their argtunent* 
concerning it» and fancy they maintain that the Pa- 
triarchs before the law obfirrve not a day of red : 
Whereas they no noore than prove from the pra^ice 
of the Patriarchal that i j^hpifi rigotir was no way* 
•bl^atory. 

fthijf^ Moderate refrefliment (fuch as walking m 
the fidds after the publick duty of the day is over ) ii 
aiot only cottTcttienn but even neceffary to thofe, 
-whofe daily buftaefs will not ailow them the recrea* 
tion their very health remiires. And fure we cannot 
forget what the Lor J ef the frhiiMoth has vouchiafed to 
fay i tbo/MMtth^ wot msdi for mtm^ not num for th$ 
fMutb. 

But (ince onr gracious Mader has dadt fo lovingly 
with HSf Jet as fli^ Our gratitude, by making no cn« 
croachmdnts opoil the buiinefs of the day ^ by not 
iiegle6Hng the care of our families at home ; by oiur 
moderition in the refreihment we fhall take i by tak- 
ing occafion fronr the croMtures we (haU ffifev* to a- 
dore the great Crostoo ; by making reiigfjHbe prin- 
cipd obj&t if in company, of our difcoiub if »- 
lone, of our fiafenable meditations* -SV 

Uu 3 tit XA 



990 The British Apollo. 

Q^ I^ym tske $k§ tree ^lift, and the tree fif know- 
ledge ef good and evil, to he the fame tree ; if not teea* 
thinks Eve frtvamates before the falk for God's frobUi' 
4ion extends onfy to the tree ^ knowledge ^good and 
evil j whereas Eve tells the ferpent, it was the tree m 
the midJI rf the garden^ whieh was the tree of life f 

A Wc feevno reafbn, whj that expreiltoo, in the 
mdfi of the garden^ may not reftt to the iiibirquent as 
«veJl as the preceding icntence. And if fo, both the 
trees were in the midil of the garden. For we hope 
there is no neceHlity, that the word nudf ihould fig- 
nifi^ the very center of Eden, htid indeed, the reafoa 
of the thing may readily perfuade vls, that both the 
trees were fituate together j for this might be done 
^with a merciful deiign, that the preftnce of the one 
might guard from a temptation to the other j and 
thus God might, as it were without a metaphor, 
bave faid to our firft parents^ 7 had fet kifore you life 
and death, blefling and curfing ; therefore choofe life. 
' Q^ Do me the favottr to recondlk the latter fart ^ 
the 3 \d verfe of the i.fth chapter- rf Mark, with tie 
^^th and 40th verfes of St, Luke.^ The words rf the 
firjl being thus i Jind they that were cttiqfied with km 
reviled him $ and the latter being thsts, and one rf the moF 
hfaSiors which were hanged, rail'd on him \ ffying^ If 
thou be the Chrift, fave thy felf and us j ^ut the $• 
ther atjfwermg, rebuked him, f^ingt Doft not thou fear 
God, when thou art in the ume condemnation ? 

A, The paiTage in the former, is a figure (call'd 
^^cdoche )' which ufes the plural number for the fin- 
gular, and via versA. 

Qi ^ n^^^ lately in comfany with feme painters, where 
n dtj^tste happened about the true definition rf drfusght^ 
which occafioned feme wagers ; su Ufl 'twas agreed, thot 
each fhould write down his own fentiments, and thm refer 
themfetves to the mofi ingenious fims rf Apollo, and that 
rf their dtjmiiim fhould jump with either of the wagerers, 
that purfm with whrfe definition theirs agreed, fhidd be 
the wirnier i to whteh tkerrfon »o introat yottrfpeedy ««• 
fwer i 

* A* Ge&tkneOi 



?2»^ British Apollo. 99T 

' Jl. Gentlemeo, we' will gi?e you the truth of tbe 
zoatcer^ whether or not it may agree with the juifg- 
flAcnt of either of the wagerers. Driuigbt is a piyficil 
UwM or /mm/ JemMfirntm, and hath always fomedi- 
inenfions how flender foever : And fervcs to repiv* 
ient bodies according to their /orois; afpedls and fitut- 
tion ; limiting and detehBinihg the fixrhce of an q|>« 
jcd* and marking out the ieVeral parts therein i for 
no fifperficies can exift, without being terminated B/ 
iioej, freight, circaJar or mixt.^ 

Q^ / kavi lately fimethmg (^nfiderMi left mi kj wfi^ 
which the Admmifiratar rtfufit t» ^, Mitd I smH$i abk- 
tp go to l4Wt unUfs it be wodtur forma pauperis \ Ifhero* 
Jmro humhlff beg yottr- advito^ how to begpt^. fio I em mi 
mbio tofeo m council I 

A. If your cafe be as plain asyoureprefent It, get 
a copy of the -will out of TfoBori Cmnmons, and app|iy 
~ your felf to a clerk in Chaneery ; there will be feveral 
Gentlemen there of £o much honour, as they will 
readily imbrace a juft fuit tho' from a fumfof. Be- 
fides» their intercft will incline them, for tbo* thty 
kave not their fees, ($•#. on eommeneeoaent of fucli 
fuits, yet the law grants them on recovery. What 
has brougbr many reflexions upon thofe Gentlemm 
in matters of this kind is, that great numbers of Itti* 
gious people have troubl'd them with their cafes ( on 
the eafinefs of their profecmion } when there has beea'> 
no right really oa their fides. 

Q. Apollo's fonsf frdff tell mo why 
Is gMping CMtching t Tour's Tom Gye. 

ui. Gape Tom, on mtmb. olov'n you'll find*. 
How gaping does Si&£t the mind. 

Q. A chisrl for a muffer I hitt/e^ 
lll'rmtt$r*dt morofe, and a knave , % 

And one mho has bttfinefs goodfioro^ 
And efton heals mof^ bad fcore i 

Ho fmaggers and fmoaiHt 

Wl^ots, cttrjos tmdfiknst. 

Dtt 4 tM 



99Z ^e British Apollo^ 

Like m Betblem • man vho is modi 

Wbm bis mighbaur he's kifs*d. 

At Img 4s he lift, 
XBr femes home, and leeks ftnfive mnd fad : 
' Te iu trmtices fromifes fair, 
jiJtd tm them, he'll /hew them thtk [haf0 
Of bmfinefs \ Sat all ij in vain, 
Ter he t&nks ef mssght elfe ku bis gaem 

Me wearies me quite, 

9y day and bf wght. 
The fimtefy bujmfs to view % 

Tmr emmftl I erano, 

U^Mcb Ihefo I Jhall have, 
^ \thai is,- to huw what I /hatt dot 

A. WbatcYcr bis vices may be» • 
' They fignify nothing iq thec» 
£xcept (what may turn to good life) 
^To teach thee to fliuQ the 41^. 

I£ he fwa^crs and (Weari« 

Frtts. cud&, and ftanes* 
|k> odiiQ^is the tjoiaft ^pfiar& 1 

It BUV mck thm IQ 0Hiq» 

To ^ morfi ihun $0dof99f 
And ^ fhtrk wiU m:mikvfM% thjr fcai< 

Tbo' fltvery t»w. y(0« eadurf» 
.^wtll teach y«u the 4>ptter tp m'h 
Aad gfip. yooi^ exfcrifttco, wliich 
( Tbo' pains now } will «fcar faridk : 

But if any pai^t- , 

He denies of kls i^rt, 
k juft ftiit you thpn tf)^y, adyci^rc y 

The Taw will '^gf^ 

( Howe'er he may rage) 
^That he fliall perform his indenture. 
Monfieur ApoIIo> 

Q^Te fie to de vans, 
Vitt onar and fcarrs, 
1E» pleafe yeu Jo Long havi mendfd $ 
Bttt here's de cafe ftill, ' 
To git to de Brill, 
^jfijit moy ]i.tno's exftadtd, m 



Tie BuiTisii Apovvo. 991 

ViUym pUi to Und mo 
JOhe Miiog^ to c0m mo from l>(nm^ 
VUhjofoUmfyfsodro^ . 
Jb fHn*iyou'v duroi 
Tonmk bitck ms fm as I'm vuer. 

A. Dix shilling we'd lend ye^ i 

If dat voud befriend yti . . 
, But if yon chance dare to be Jkm$ 
Cefi « prcpos to know. 
Vare 'm your hexes grow* 
To return ua our Bino agaia. 
<^ Toot MuftHr to my qu^ioa, conarimg the ftgjNuSk 
fij/ingfrom Edinburgh to Lot^ont fiemsHficonliifiemwkk 
thi ruks (fftMfin:for how ctm wefrfpofe ihtro csn 6$ 
^ny Effluvia's or emtmatioiu of tho pigeons body m thetur^ 
VtheHjhe if esh'ied'perhafs in a pockety ^«j, or the Wti, A^d 
hofidest if there 9er#, the circw^tvoltitton pf tk^ aht wotdM 
^mekt) difperfe the track of fcent that Jhehd^ left bet^d her, 
e/pecinify when perhaps /he is ^ or lo dkysa goings And 
iy obfervatm, they don't retttm aecording to the courfi of 
UHroadt as a d^g does of a -hage^ but in a MreSi Ime: 

A. To what is here obje^ed* to (hew the incon^ 
fiftency of our account of this matter with reafon, it 
may be repli^> that tho' the pigeon (hould be carried 
Jn a pocket* bag, or the like, it would no ways hin^ 
der the cfHtitia's or emanations from his body to ex* 
hale «nd be di^>eried in the ahr i fcarce any thing bat 
a glais hermetically fealed could do that, and if it were 
poffible to make the cxperi meat by putting her in iuchr 
a gbfs, we durft almoin be pofitive, that fhe wouk^ 
neyer return to £o great a di^nce as Edinburgh is frbm 
London* We own» 'tis likely that the circumFolutiotip' 
or ^ny other agitation of the air may fcatter ibmeof 
theie effluvia's; but we may vdry well Ydppoie, tharT' 
they, were not fcattered fo far, or that there remain 
ftiii enough of tbem, to makeafenfible imprefflon up«' 
on th^ extreamly nice organ of the pigeon. As to 
what is ailedged, that they do not return according tiy 
the courle of the road, bur in adiredtlincy it does not! 

V u f ieeai 



jPP4 ^^ British Apolc^o. 

leeiD nccefiarj for tbem exadly to foUow every tum^ 
log and winding of tlie way, but only to deviace very 
snucb from it» fiaoe in all probability tbefe efflum's 
are not confined in tbe air' wttbin fuch narrow boundia 
faut are extended to fome latitadc. 

Q. f0uu is the miwung tf P. S. tmd N4 S. thMt w 
tftin fttkd ik thf Poft*nian / 

A* P. S. ^Mdsf OT fififcript, znd N. S. for nem-fliU. 

Q^ Hbw came mmVtjt and kaltomsfirft mte the world f 
fy thMt I /ball kw» the erigmal efyeur feeiety, Tettr ruff 
emd tugged fac'dferv^au D^i-Miio'd V— — .is. 

A. Juft as ^tufSt which our tufif and rugged-fiu^d 
ieri^nt may explicate* if he keeps by him the original 
of his genealogy : tho* this no more diA:overs tbe ori- 
ginal of our fociety, than bis wife queftion does his 
underftanding. 

Q. I09ether it be m crime to fing modefifings: and if k 
he, fray refilve me hew far it ts erimiaai ? 

A. If you fing fo much as to bring your Alf into^ 
a Confumption, it is a crimen and £btar fuch, accord- 
ing to the hafte you make thereunto. 

Q^ f0>y do mules and moyles never gtnerate $ and what 
teafon can you afcrikefor nature's flof ping there t 

A. Tho' it is generally reported and believed, that 
tbefe animals do not generate, yet fome have been of 
opinion, and among them Varro, that learned Bjunann 
who hath wrk, that in (bme parts of Africa it is as 
common for (he mules to generate, as it is for marea 
in Ettrope, But fuppoliog they never do, it muft be 
ascribed to fome defc€t in fome of tbe parts fubfervi* 
ent to generation in tbe male, or in the female, or ii» 
both i but 'tis more likely the iroperfe6):ion is in tbe 
Ovarium of tbe female, fince none can be difcovered 
in any other, and there may be fome fecret undifco- 
verable in that, which yet may be very material. - 

Q. ffhat is the reafon thatfometimes the $hf is full (f 
Stars, and ether times there is not one to be ftm f 

A. Where the cloud pz&shoin off your braia,yo<» 
will apprehend the reafon why a clear «ky difcovert 
the flars. 

3 Q:^ lam 



3lf€ British Apollo. 99S 

<^ I am acquahaid with agmkwmtm^ who hfit^ 
f*& {m my 9fmm) to « v«y ftrtmgo mtifmum^ ms filf 
Uvi: whtmver Jhe fm « dtt^d d^y or eat, $r any othtf 
hemfi, Jhe (as iftnchamed)cMMi go bj them withtit W- 
ifog eamtfi^ m them for four 9r fivo mmutts, and tbon 
/mils dvwn m a fwoaa, 

jL In all probability that muft proceed from ibnie 
fpreac fright or furprize, (he* or ber mother being big 
^Mrith bcr, has had formerly by fome fuch dead creature* m 
Which has left fuch a deep impreilion in her brain^ that 
upon any fuch light again, the motion of the animals 
fpirits is for tbefe few minutes almoft fufpended* .and 
that oF the heart being, alfo thereby interrupted,' or 
much leflcn'd, (he becomes incapable of altermg the 
pofture (he is in, till a greater fuipcniioa of the fore* 
iaid fpirits occaHons the fwoon» or fainting fpecified. 
(^ In an old mannfcrip of tin art offamtmg, I found 
thife three wordj, Anoptica, Optica, «»4(Catopticai|r#^» 
what may the ineaning ef them be t 

A, Anopttea is the real and upper line,, by the help 

of which weconfider all the parts of the obje^ above 

the HortKrn, and thereby bring^tb them to .the inter' 

^Bicn^ or line of /hrtnmgi whence, .according to the 

fituatioQ of the body, the hinder parts are made tojrun 

downwards, and the neareft parts to rife upwards ^ and 

from hence the declmings and artfingf, xhz- Jhortnmgs 

and mcreafijgt.o£ the parts of the body are caufed. This 

line hath its origjnal from the center, or thd beginning 

ef the diftance, which is the ^e, £o it returns to the 

fS&me thro' the midft. of tlie beams, which couple all 

the extream limits of the fiffi^ body^ 

Oftica is thcfeeond real fight, and direSi line, and if 
that which is neareft the object, fo that the upper parts 
of the tfi^V^ belong to the forerocntioned line, and the 
lower to catoftica ; this is that therefore which prin- 
eipally touches. ail parts of the objed^ both above 4ind'. 
below, and therefore is call'd the MreB tme» For the- 
beams parting themiclves flrongly at the eye, and fal* 
ling on theneareii.part of the c^>^>and there cauling 
the upper aad ^ower parts to be (horccn'd and diminish 'd, 

U. u4. a&ds 



and tbe emiaenccs to hide the concavities, oaf the 
larger parts to cover the narrower,, making the obje^ 
to fncreafe and diminifb, according to their refpeddn 1 
dii}anccs from the perpendicular. ] 

Cafdftktth the third fin offi^y wholb beams 6t)jBcS [; 
all the lower parts of the djeS^ conducting them to '^ 
the point ot interfe&mi fo tnat when the objedi t$ be* 
low the eyi, the fartheft part f^ms to r^c^ and the 
aeare/l to decline downwards. 

Q^ Good Sir, Uave off four news^ 
7b poft-boys tind reviews* 
Poft-men and quahn obfervators,* 
To flying polls, md remarksi 
jind fofiich kind of (parkst 
Xmv% thorn to trtinjlate foreign lettertr 
Givf MS more of yottr wit, 
• Jhtn onrftmeies yoM hit, 
21$ em word, you'U ^hte M the towti 
mh highofi ietigh, 
Vh read whatfoa wriPOr 
Toftr wifdom Mnd Uarn'mg M onon. 
O, eX4lt thtnyour voice. 
And make batteky4«r chtieo'y 
[ ^l» Sing J how groAt Marlbro' thmdtm 
In memoraile firams^ 
JProcUim Oudenard'^ plains^ 
Jtndhovo the told Britons did wooderSb 
That the Dauphin'i fins twain 
ffirr afraid ofhnngjlain, 
Jkmting their true Bourbon bloodf 
Thatfi hot was the fie. 
They' were glad to retire. 
And hid thenoieives both in a wood. 
Tell the world, how Vendome 
Shall re infcdta go home, 
jft acquaint the old B—Wy his majler^ 
That La Motte run away, 
Thaf brave Vf<kA> won the day. 
And that Lifle was taken fm after ^ 

JIkU i 



?S# BRiTrsM Apollo, psyr 

Thatjhm Boufflers tlve ptcr^ - 
iHom the monapcii h^s tlestp 
The citadel cannot fecupe: 

That the i^ave bri«ifll/«i^. 

Valiant fins tf their dihkt 
¥Ptll farce him, as onceatH^ittawtf. 

Inyourfing tea refeat. 

Hew Tallard was hat, 
j§t Blenheim, tmd hravefl wmttttn^tn:^ 

That, ViVroy-ami Bavftr» 

Tho'fi dreadfuh m »at^,' 
Were /winged fien aftt» ifh Fimiti^S 

Thaf young^ Pftslip^m Spate 

Mt^ return home agahh 
jtndUa've Charles tagevem fk^4attd^ 

That Marlbro* and E^ene 

H^tll march to the Sienc, 
i^er Paris their ^rms fljnU veitkftmMf^ 

That theaffiting Oatit ^ 

Shall like ?hztioxxfaU^ 
Tor tfos46ling the world's repofkf 

Shall hi> Empire refign * 

To a frineefs divhe. 
The avenger ofBr'min^sfo^. 

In melodious law, 

Refiund A N N AV htghpmfi, 
Set her deeds in eterai^ Hght > 

Mivlbro's hattki dedare* 
* Sts i0^i conchi^ and cai^. 
And that none can equal hm in figil^* 

Sir^ this fftdom^xciefif 

And hlame- not the rnvtCtt 
Wkd does to advife^s pretends: 

Tkke all m good fart, 

Sipceit "timts from the heart , 
Xifyottrfaithful\fk6fmi>erandfrio»dt^ 
A, Yoarhotf#n« *re jrigHf> 
" Aod wottM be our (^Hghr, 

Ji DM 



^9^ fie British. APOLL0I 

Did the towo but accord in the vokei. 
But we {Hit it to vote» 
And could eafily note* 
That tium6ers oppqs'd to the choit$^ 
They urge, they'll not take 
Other frims ,£qi Mir fakt >. 
If we*ll but a SnvMti ^tdaut 
Of news, whick fp (hort» 
None mtH can retort^ 
But for grMUude rafher admit. 
Yet when we (hall find 
, A bright flj^ttm to our mind, 
(Declining all thoughts of evafionJi> 
We will gladly exert. 
All our fire and our an. 
And catch at the neble occajm. 
Q. Apollo, ben't tmffj, 
Bmt reaJfenjtU why 
^h folks an femettmts cMd madams i 
Xfanfwer I have, ^ 

ieotent yen wtUgive, 
H fetsr humble fervant^ Jack Adamf» 
Jl. Madam, is my lady. 
And therefore tl^is may be» 
Becaufe in attire they appear*. 
As rich ai^ as fine 
As the ladies, who fhine 
In a nobler and loftier fphere, 
Q^ Hew many ingredients do ihere rtqitke t$ maki te 
knavi an henefi n;a»t 

A. One conHderation will do it without. other In- 
gredients, de as J9U vfeuld be dene bf. 

Q. Happening to mtj^ an ouhse effpirii of hartlhorn •mith 
$hi like quantity offpirit of Sal- Armoniack, altheugh they 
were as clear as rock water, and feemingly free from falts, 
yet immediately upei(s mixing, almoft aUfeon^d to be ebmiged 
to a [alt\ but after four or-fivo days fiandmg, tjimnd 
about three drams i»/^volatiIe fiU fettle to the bittern, and 
fbtjjpirif is as clear as it was before mixing, 

i. Idefii 



7%# British Afolxo. 999 

1 dtprt u kmm thi fufm nf ik% pdf*s fi$ifidmg^ «il/ 
[firom whUh of thefpiriis i^fefarMied f 

I ifMv$ tftm Bxftriencid, tbtu wMtit, «r mUkftnu^^^ 
'mill M a cmfid&^U tim$, mi pi the ma-fidi mkmmm 
9f thifimcefan, m which ii SiiU, Jhdl bardfy 6$ittknMrm 
till it has fttodscofifideraSii time if front the fire. Iwetdd 
defireyet^ to snfentt me hew $t is effi^d t 

A, 'Tis very well knowa>thac theie fpirf ts> thongli 

ieemingly free from all Alts> yet in reality are BOthitig 

but the volatile &kt ^i^oUe\ in more or ieii phlegm^ 

according to their different (Irengtii and goodnels. No 

great wonder then, that falts ihould be Separated from 

them, as well by precipitation, as by fuUimation. Now 

the caufe of that precipitation in the prefent cafe, b 

the coalition and union of the two (alts, by which, be* 

coming 'too bulky and ponderous to be born by the 

phlegmatic fc parts, they muft needs by their owo 

vreight fink to the bottom, and foconftitute compound 

^t ieparated from both fpirits. 

The reaibn is, becaule the igneous or fiery parttclet 
find a free and eafy pafijge through the bottom of the 
faucepan, but are ftop'd and entangled in the liquor 
contain^ in it, and raife it up in Tmall bubbles at the 
bottom as long as it ftands boiling over the fire $ but 
when it n taken off, the liquor being no longer fa 
raifed in bubbles, docs in vttf^ part cloiely touch the 
bottom of the firacepaOk and fo commufiiGice to it aiorc 
of its heat. 

Q. / «ffiy tyesmg man, tthehave engaged^ wiyfilfte a 
very pfettyfinfiUe weman, and castnet be eafy me mesiemt 
eist rf her fight, mirflse eut rfmmei if I tfiany her, ifeanh 
IfhiaU loft my bufinefs ; ssnd as I am, I eon no way enjoyi 
my felf Gentlemen, I beg ajfijiance from you m my laby^ 
rinth of misforiitnesj and T»ilL do nothing ttU J have your 
good advice. 

ji. We are often authors of our own unhappincfsr 
by making a wrong judgment of things, or taking< 
them by the wrong handle. If you enjoy not yottrfuU 
wifh,yose are the tmhaffiefi creatsere Uving. Pray con* 
fider, if your miftreis were falie, loft heC' icputation^ 

or 



lOOO 72re B R I Tt 8H. A F:d L 1*0. 

OJ^ hapf«ti*d under fiinie. misfortukiie, bjc if^bkb (he tuf- 
fered extremity of misery, aad to which aH mortals 
are daily liable wbecbcr (comparatively to iiicb cir- 
cum^aBces) you are opt now really iukppj. Thebeft 
advice yre can give> is* docc you are in dagger of 
lofing. yojiir bufinefs if you now HMrry her, to doi^k 
your induftry, tbac you may raife your Alfabove the 
dmger of fucb iDJuodion;» and to become Kbfolstcly 
mafter of your owo occafionsj the coiriiderationtbs^ 
aU yimr patni wiJI tend to tbe advaocenae»t of beryoii 
We fodearlyiwili mtdgateyottf fuHertogs in the meat 
ftfiie. 

^ Two frknds rf mine (vMck we mUname ?bi\9n^ 
mdAkidfm) ImJi » wagtr fime timeMge^ winch mis tbh^ 
viz. Philander kid thae Liile was taken 6y/mh a day^ 
Md Alckion Uud i$ was no$: new the next ftfl hee^be 
advice i shm the t&wn fsemadred hrfere the faid day, ha 
«r ngser^. Phihader did notfyeeify Town aeid CaSde^ha 
enfyffud LiQe 5 Alcldon hu^^sthai ha ha9 wmethewageti 
fmce liifv Citadel {wimh h part ef Lifle) wm net then 
eakem They have temfidstd fomefrefifs'dwt^eren, whegeva 
Hfir Akidom hte Philander (whe iifimethagMgiem) 
wiU net hearken fe their dHtfienu hue will have rHmrfe ta 
ebeUwytrs^ whe Jay he has wen. Hewfinae ExduiBge* AJiey 
and Weftminfier-Hall defi ela/hm thwfemimems, tkof 
have refdved te appeal te yen, en dernier reftirt, astddt* 
fin yetnr pennpeij deeifm in year next paper, wbethei^ 
tartly faying Lifle, implies both Town and Gaftki *• 
Town eMff lifete which ihefirtfsrfthewag^r Imt 

A. Sin«e the town of Jjpa wai Ufit before an^ 
Citadel was built, and fince that was only intended 
for the defence of Lijk» we think it may be properly 
faid> that JJjk was taken* though the Citadel hdd 
out. • . 

Q. f0y Owls and Batts are enly te he feenfytag a-, 
hettt in the evenings when all ether Mt ate takmg their 
re/if and yen will Mge a newfuifiriier f 

A* Becaufe their iight is not ftrong enough tobear 
the light of the day i ^and al£> becauft their |vey not 
tHI then cornea abroad* 



?i&^ BRITISH Apollo, lodi 

Q. lAity mt iwh he frtft^fmd /» ^ firimmtmal 
l^hm occajianed by lirnngi academs 9 

A, No death is alW»ys atturiK to ill, tbougb the 
caufes may be preternatural. 

Q. Ym tpould very much Mp ymt feitlmk^t ht tx* 

smd mptt did my mikir ammfi nu. I defiee ta^trnm 
' what Jm 4 v09mm is gnikj ^ m e^wivmg m Md f 
Jl, The psfiage does no 4rays imply that the mo- 
ther commits a fin ih the . conception of her cbiM % 
but that the child \% tainted in kt very conception 
with tradhionary guHt. 

QJ / M€e tmfedt^f^m^ £«^, w»d hmg wiry mm* 

' rmts^ the mor$. to engJ^ her tijfwffifnt, I^ifi*d m dmtd* 

ful mifihMtci jm^ ^^U-t^ei- if I n«r married My a- 

tfyr, Bnt now flu proving a ia/e wofrtun^ I mm going to 

fnarry another f ' ' ' 

A. We fuppoii! a provlfe to liaTe^ieeA ttidoded Jb 
the wiih yoa macfe $ and that you made it on a tacit 
' fuppaf]tk>n« t^ftt the perfb» ro whiMS yoa made it» 
•woqia pr6vc fafrhfW to yon. And therefore^yoQ bate 
'^ciopfmoa of 9hae j^i«Mf^ ca^fH, iNOibpSi^iMnAfrybv, 
that you are atliberry to marry, dut we caMilie t'clr- 
bear advifing you to ab(lain' ftr tk« liariret ii*t only 
from imprecations, whteH ire tki^ll bttt alfo from 
TOWS, which are often daagcfQHf. 

Q. A Gentloman '^tmd Lady kmg im oomfany, pro^ 
fofed jocofely to marry each othor, and aocotdingly ti.ey 
drew up a writing to thi jkmo paifofe^ and tkey both fet 
their hands to it, but 4» day tmfiji^A Qo^el^, Whether 
th'u will be any obttgOtkh r* mho^ df^hem i J^e infifting 
ttpm the note under my hmtdi\^tf^hw H ho any obUga^ 
tion^ it being but merely dondOntM tilt company f 

A. Madam, ("fof^yoli bai^ U^wmiDgiy difcovcr'd 
your {t\^ to be the Lady ) we think it not proper ^ 
to rob a lawyer of bis fee, - and themfbri beg your 
excufe, if we only acquaint you, that tn point of 
confcfence you are under no obligation to the Gen** 
tleman. But we wo4M ftM& yM for the future, to 
be more dlfaect in your jocofe behaviour \ for that 
' - comiio» 



1001 7be BuiTisH Apollo« 

common faymg is worth; of your pradical obfir- 
vance, Be merry and wife. 

' ^ ffh Ims wrote the pUineft jtfrmwufp and where 
fnay their works be had ( 

jL Ltiit*s J0remmiea Inflittttio^ ( which may moft 
probably be had in DftckLatte). is as eafy a treatiie of 
i^flronomy as you can well defire. ^ ' 

Q. How tnuft theft verfis he reconciled, viz. The loth 
ibapter ef Genefis, ^vetfe f • by thefe ( tiuamag the gene* 
rations of the fins if Noah) were the ifles ef tho Gentiles 
divided in their Umds i tvery one after his language, after 
their families in their nation, (it fetms to tne to imfh 
mare than em langttage} in thofoUowmg chapter* and tie 
fofi verfi i jM the whole earth was of one langttagff 
and of ono fpeech, before the cenfafim ef lanjgttages at 
BabelV building f 

A. When the divine hi(^brian acquaints us. That 
by thi^e were the ifles ef the Gentiles divided, it is not 
necefury he fliould mean that rhey were at that indi- 
▼idual time, but afterwards fo divided i namelyi after 
the confttfion of tongues. But we may obierve with- 
al, that Mofes mentions thoifi who lived after the dc; 
Uru^on ofBabek 

Q^J^ trmbks ofVfe^ 

^^ plagues ef a wife*. 

hfy brains confufed move^ 

jM are fnbjeB to remo t 

Sotnetimes to defhoy^ 

The dev'l would dec^ i 

Opprefi by a dark thought^ 

7b defpmr I atte. brought^ f 

jfnd no where can find 

jyete eafi for my mind^ 

f0fen from my houfe cemo^ 

I drend to go home $ 

Kot onif for fear, \ 

J furely /haU hear^ 

ut perpetual motion, 

(Which is nofalfe tteiien\ 

m 



^^ British Apollo. too^ 

But Skms rfthi Udlt^ 
Ani fytMlls tf the craJlif 
Wah bottle rf krimijf^ 
Ani whiti fitiMT'Cmulff 
She fiti mtb her ffwk 
Jn light i «r fth^ dark i 
Jtfer cares /be whe fiest 
Sojhe her felf flMfe I 
Ihets keeping ber fiMtm, 
NegleA refeitstm, 

Nam, Jedrefi Apolb, 
Teeir eet/tt/H ra feOem, 
ffkMtever ym fif, 
Tmr 0dvke then I frof i . 
£^m (ss 'tis my nim) 
I mmf her redatm t 
jL If yoar t^t is fb grievoust 

Thac yottVe grown mifciiieroiii^^ 
. And are tcu'd out of it&« 
Both hj devil aod wife' % 
It \% bard to adtninifter* 
But by methods finifter* 
Since J^OT/« with his thttnder 
( And fure that's more wonder) 
Can't ftill Jstt^h tengnet 
So immertilh hssng i 
What mertni can hope» 
With that memher to co^ } 

But as to her braod/» 
'Stead of iiigar- candy. 
Some jnlinp convey. 
Such airs (he*ii difplay. 
Will fcarce in the dark 
"Be born by her fpark. 

The UMe with eafe. 
You may auell when you plea£s i 
Tough eraitree WiU do it. 
And make her to rue it. 
If fill] worle you find her,. 
Then gagg her and bind ber* 



1004 72r^ BuiTisH Apoii^o. 

To Bedlam convey ber, 
Wi^i orders to (hy ber i 
Till cured by the fmarn- - 
Or tbat's broke. her bent. 
Q; Js the brtm ef est ftiftmas ^ 
A, Some authors ba^e giiren tiut» tbat tbe CMi^s 
brain is poifoiious, cai^ng madnefi* ilopidity, and 
jbfs of memory : But we can forccly giye credit ta 
it, iince the flefli of tbo& creatures hath been eaten 
with £0 much i^fttj^ and accoimtod a& czcdlcot diih 
too in fbme plentiful countFies.^ 

mth Mn^her msn's vi/i, which h w vmy flmt ttme grtw 
u fuch m miimM^, rW wd\Atery,fiihmJ, mni in thai 
mcktdntfs we ctntmutd fur Mk0$$t tw^ y%mt% \ l»heit grow- 
ing wiMty rf iseh other, we fmed 1 tver fiace Jhe btuk' 
livid heneflly with her hushMnd, Mnd fe eemmties. • AietU 
three years fine J cmiraSed m fecmd Mtqttmntanee with 
eimther tMin't wife tdfe, mnd hame lived m tbe feme wick' 
ednefs with her till her htedgied ditdy emd almofi t$ thee 
time. To each tf them^ in 9rdtr te the ehtmmttg my willt 
I hnvefalfify nod witkedlty ftmn ferpemsl emftmty, wijh- 
ing he the very f me ef hesven, d n t wrnt im^ te my ft^\ 
emd fartictikffy^ thm neekrng tlm ever I teck in hand 
might thrive with me, tf I ever frrbrrt Ihmg either tf 
them^ they ettch demg the like, I mve ekftmed^ that ever 
puce my frfl perjuiy I bme Seem fr^very einfertttnnte na 
every thing I hnve kmierteekf thne tteeerdlng te env wicked 
mjhes^ mthing hath (mce thrived wieh me, which Ifamly 
believe to proceed immediatdf from the Jtifi judgments ^ 
the j&mighty, whom I fmm^ and martiy fraife fer 
fiotirging tne in fo fecutiar a manner, aceefr^Rng to my 
wijhes, in that it hath JMt me im aof eem^tHtied wicked" 
nefs, and made me beg adrnee effete^ hem, and in what 
manner to behave nry fdf tender fieek emhaffy circtmh 
fiances, and partktdarlj hem far i am Mged to keep toy 
oaths to the ftcond wemrm, fise being nvm a fridow f 

A. The chaftiiement that God has been, pleafed fb 
fcvcrefy, but y«t fb ma-dfully to oSSvdt you with, 
proceeded not fsom tbe breach Of . jeqr oatl', for you 

were 



JU British A p^o l l o. roof 

^ere indi^nftbly pbli^d to bnA ir. Bat you mufl 
i:oa<;jude it to have proceeded, firf^, from your re- 
peated ads of fa bciaoui a traufgreffioa at that c^ a- 
duhery i (for v(wNfi«M|;erf mtd adukmN Gtd JhM 
JMjg^'y} and feeondly, from your brkgHig upon your 
fe^f- cbe abiolttce oeccAky of kecomifig a perjured per^ 

-Since the.ftcoad adulNreif is now a widow, an^l 
at Kberty to become j^our ft>ride, the oath of fidtlitjr 
you were farHwrJy fb wfek«d at- to make her» will' 
not difpenfe with your indi£ference in the matter. 
Bat your hardy marrying her will not fatisfy your 
confdence, unlei^ you endeavour alio to make her ftn* 
iiUe of her former bafenefsi and to excite in her oOQ- 
vattd mind fuch « gpdfy fon^w, ss wtrkHh nfemaiM' 
wt t$ in repented $/. And you muft endeavour alio to- 
make your other adulterous companion equaUy fenfi- 
ble ofi and ibrrowful for her deteflaUe procedure. 

Bvkt you muft not forget to do your feif, what you 
would prevail upon them to do> to exercife a very 
£evere repentance > a repentance' proportionable to* 
your horrible, your repeated crimes $ kfi vfhile you 
preach (as it were) u otkers^ (to the iharers in your 
guilt) you your felf become i» eaflawfiy, 

Q^ Whether s Proteftant mt^ aHew the tlifiinSm ef 
mortal tmd venial (in i Ated hew the querifb tmfwer ? 

A, Seeing all venial fin is venial not rn its nature, 
but through mercy \ and mi>rtal fin, through God'l 
mercy is pardoned » this <)Ueflioa n, what difference 
here may be found 'otit between the* one fin and the 
other, as will (erve for allowance of (uchadiftinf^ion. 
F(W dohg tfhith, the mercv cf God (we mufi knew) 
in pardmmgfit is diffenfid oy way of covenant, vhich 
requires ^repentance in order t^ pat dm* and we mufi dt" 
JHnguifh therefore of repentance, and of fins roqutring if. 

There is a general and particular repentance, and there 
are fome fins accordingly requiring the one only, and feme 
requiring both. There are fins rihich pafs us often -without 
fittr Wticti fan alfo of infirmity^ fins of daily incurfion^ 

which 



1C06 The British Apollo. 

vhkh MTi fardoaaUe M 9tir general refmtMtce^ when ther^ 
mrtoiher jins kmwn wilful grcfs /ifUy which «r« mt far* 
Jmed mihmt frntcnUr forr^w J» them, mi mmmdmmti. 

\ Jbid hereby now mmy the di^in&wn tf venial tkikd ixior- 
ti»l fm be made em and ailew'd : A venial ^in being 
futh for which a gemral refemance ( through God's go^^ 
nefs) may faffice i hut a inorcal, fuch for which a par" 
tiftUttr ftfomance, even by the ceiyenoM of grace, is ite- 
ceffary, as the amdicwn to the feegrvenefs tf it. The ono 
is, the other ii not pardon' d without id :>e€unduin kgem 
ordinariam / fpeak» 

To give £o judicious a querift the commcadatioD» 
wliich his merits fo judly ciaiin« we cannot bat al- 
loWf that he has ingeniouOy diftingu^fh'd betweea 
fins venial and mortal. But we hope he will not take 
it amifs it we make a particular relirid^ion. 

.As for what you iay of fuch fins as efcape oiir no* 
tice, it is unexceptionable. But jet fbmc may think 
it liable to a p]aufible obje^ion. For they may be 
ready to faj, that iince fuch £nful adioni, as fly our 
icrutiny, cannot poifibly be avoided by mere buma* 
nity, how can we magnify the grace of God in the 
eomprehenfion of them under the imputation of Te- 
nia! ^ns ? But to this objcdion^we reply. 

1 . Who of us can fay, that we are as cautious as 
we (hould be, in the obieri»nce of our anions i that 
we watch our goings as narrowly ^$ even humanity 
will permit 3 tjiat we fufRsr as few fins, as poifibleto 
efcape our difcerning notice? Happy therefore is it 
for us that we have to do with fo mild a law-giver, 
that is fo gracious in the cafe before us» as to admit 
of a general repentance, as an atonement of his wrath $ 
There tj mercy with thoe^ therefore /halt thou be feared, 

2, It perhaps is owing to our being formerly ha«> 
bited to z, iinful coui fe, that even now ( while re- 
pentance and amendment have- put us into a (late of 
grace) fo many kfler fins pafs without obfervance. 
If therefore God is pJeafcd £0 eafily ta pardon, of 
what we our {qIvc& were originally fuch guilty caufes, 

2 ihall 



«i 



Tie British ApaLLo. 1007 

IhmJl not we readily cry out, O ^ivt thanh mMo the 
Z,0rd, fir he ts gracious i btcanfe his mtrey endnreth fir 

3* The mortal fias that the very bcA o£ men too 
Frequenriy commit» may be the unhappy caufc> that 
fb many venial lins are overlooked by the very fiimt 
that an in the earth. We may therefore be aliu^^ed 
to iay. Sing ^aifei unto theHJirdy O ye faints tf his \ and 
£hve thanks unto htm for a remembrance^ not only of his 
hoknefs, but of his mercy loo. 

: As for fins of dA\\y incuriion, we (hould endeavour 
at^ our daily examinatioo, (for daiiy lliould we exa« 
mine the tenor of our anions ) to recol.'ed: as many 
of them as we can, and to the recollediion of each 
fubjoin a (hort petition i fucb as, Lordfirgive, And 
yet fuch (ins are diflinguifhabie from greater (ins $ are 
diAinguifliabk with refpe^ to the fbrms, mortal and 
'venialt in that we are not fo (fari^tiy obliged to a bur- 
thcnibme remembrance of them again ft the next exa- 
mination of our ieJves $ in that, while we are under 
ex^minatioo> it is not necedary we (hould be as nice 
11} the recolledion of tho^ as of other fins , in that, 
when we have clearly recolleded fome, thty require 
not £0 particular a repentance of them.. 

Q^ I am fstthirlefs and motherle/s, Uft to the ear$ of 

an old uncle, whom my father always found to bo ajufi 

man, therffnre confiituted bin* guardian ovtf what he lift 

mo, during my minority j but with this frorvifo. That if 1 

matched CMtrary to his mind, he had the power rfdtjpofitg 

of it to the next relation. Now coming home late ono night, 

C Bacchus being a Uttlt fredominant) I made the maid a 

ftria fromife that 1 would wed her, ( hoping to hinder her 

from perfuing her skanmmgton like difcourfe, which fljo 

had begun ) really mttnding no fuch thing -, and not coipm 

fidering what mifchiof would come after. Now my unkh 

often foliates me to flaet try affeHions on a young, rich, 

and handfome widow } which I could 'willingly do, but the 

cook ixciaims againfi too, and vows I carCt do it without 

* perjury towards her, fo I always put her off", with teltmg 

of hor whm titm aoid offortunity fermu» it [hall be done, 

for 



ioo8 Tbe Brttisr Apollo. 

fir feMT Jhi fiould nfm it to my mt^k : ifyr n^m reed^ 
itBing my feif, if I f^i her^ / Jh^ f^ ^ imur mf 
$tnkU*i dtfpUMfitrtt but alfi iavoht us buh in mi/try » iff 
iiing defrivid of my fathtr*s pitrimanjr, vhiek is uM I hsntt 
$0 dtftnd upm i if the other, I am afiwd efbteakimg lOf 
vefws. Now^ if your (peedy mifwer wU nmhe h mffemr^ 
what vay is befifor ridding ^J*V ^^^^^thls trttMtf 

A. Though it may be difputed, whether a nih pro- 
mife made by a drunken man, who is not mafter of 
iu reafoo^ he of any validity* yet this is of no coa^ 
cernment to your cafe, fince you frequently repeated 
the fame promife, while fbber* and capabie of com* 
manding your own proceedings. 

Nor will it at all avail, that yon Jiever reaDy in- 
tended the performance, fince the admittance of fa 
unaccountabie a plea would deftroy all mutual coofi* 
dence and dependance upoff one another. We hrg^ 
leave therefore to remind you, that fo deecttful a pro- 
cedure is an uncommon ftretcb^ even beyond the 
pradice of jefuiucal reftrvatidns. The validity of a 
promife confifts in the teaor of the verbal erpreffions, 
jualefs where the perfon that pronuTcs happens to m\» 
dake in the external /ignifications of his inward ftnti- 
ments* But that rule o£ equity, which will rdieve the 
mifiakco perfon in Co particular a cafe, will no^ways 
difengagc you from that gordian knot you have been 
fo unhappy as to tie fo faft; that no remedy can- be^ 
found, unlefs with Alexander's Avord, ( that is, with 
the juftly dctefted breach of promife)*youperfidionfly 
cut it afundcr. For you dcfigft*d, that the words 
you fpoke ihould be taken by the perfon yon {poke 
to, in their natural and obvious fehfc : For otherwiie 
you could not have accomplifbMyourdefigay oameiy, 
that of deceiving her for a time: /' 

You cannot plead the inconv^fences that may at- 
tend your fidelity, fince t be ^?^^ lias long ago pre- 
vented fo feeble an excufe, Whrle fpcaking Itterally of 
thofc who fhould be admitted toth^MIl of ^oUi-^ihe' 
place of publick worfhip) but figuratively of thofc 
who ihould be admitted into iieayen, be eredlently. 

iubjoins i 



i 



TZ^iBftifisH Apollo. loo^ 

OAjcins I F» tkafftmneb um» hi$ miUmr, and Sfkf^^ 
fomiuh hm mt^ though i$ he to his <wu hinJrsitfi. 

NQt.that y«u,arc' oblig'dinbm«diatelyfo marry licrj 
Mrhen.fach inexti^ic^k incarobratices Will uiiavoidibly 
cnfue. But you rouft wait witb piiticncc, tilJ provi- 
^icace (hall prcicnt you witfr an opportunity of per- 
forming the obligation^ you have drawn upon yotit 

V/e ho{>e, Sir, that you Wfll ferioufly fcBtA d^oi 
•tit lyi/wi/f » wor<te hm$tefiAtfH>^Mthftdnifsiui^ 
he thence pradetorty, as vftWiLs pioady pro^ok'dtoad 
equal hatred of fuchaborminabte crimen. 

Q^ my 4hty n$v» take the tffxts, mr the lej/ens fer $b$ 
mamiug sr evening fervieei mt iftketApocryphi. 

^. Youihould faairead(]ed on Sundays, to urhatyon 
4»y of the morning and evemug fervice, fioce the 
^j^ocryfba if read on the other days of the week. But 
the reaibn ««fhyadtber texts tiMlnnd/^ leflbnsare takett 
from the ^Aficrj/flm is, becaoft it is Apocyfha* The 
word %nifie» an hidden or Tecret thing. For we an^ 
not healTtiredof any one book ia the Vfh^\t Apocryfbai 
that it if tbff word .of God. 

• Q^ f0y can « Came} Mrve ail other creatures, tndura 
tsfena journ^ u go throe or foter days wthotif water Ho 
rSofi kop cotfotriesi ' . 

• jt. ^ may eith^ibppfbie a Cstmel ta>ha\rea greater 
ijoant ity of radical mdf(luretban other animals i or that 
«he doienc^ of hif pores prevents fo violent a per- 
ff»ratioQ| .or that both, the itafons may at oncf 
concur. 

Q. Apollinif fil% 

One qftery I will, ... 

T^ttnbofo tm a hm that Vm twifi m^ 

V '^ii^yoH'dfay, 

Whether yea, or nay, 
. SmQt^lAz^$wase'erag06d(^ifiiant ... 

' Ihavo always heliet/d the negative^ htt$ Vm day read* 
ing ^zntmfCs trmjoU tfthe Patriarchs, /. 1-14. f^kmg 
ef Philip, his words are the fe, at which time he convert- 
ed Simon Maf^ A& viii. 

. yoL.jii. yix ^. Thf 



/ 



loxo 72reBititisH Apollo. 

. ^ The piffi^p 7«a rcftr to so wa|:s impiiMi tha 
Sinm M^^Hf wu ever t good Cbrifltao. For to iof , 
fA#c 1^ WBs con«9frMd* mtjr iigoific so aorc, than 
^ he OMdc ao ^wo jpfofefiioA of Cbriftimtx* Aad 
yiou ctanoc kit be^ f«iiuhle thit tbrnre are too mamy in 
the world* wbo emfifs Chrifi muh $hir mm$hi» w m 
tfmf' wQfkt Mki^ km* 

Q. Wbtthvym thknk it Hfintt fw « ynmg Ltujf S$ 

4* Noe» ttcep t (he lus t better ftcority of tfec 
Q^leoMm.*! iKHMPr aod conflaocj thaa k J8 almoft 
pofTible to hav9. For flie miA oopUdcr (be Goaeiny 
gonw ia imour*^ boiv ofite* ebo laoft determined 
cngageqiemc btre been biiriageik nd Jo fiicb ofts 
%vS(it edvao^gec tbey maj give ^nxnft ber. Should 
bk piffion. turn to jm|ttdjce» moft tbiags bare two 
li9ii<iief« aod be will take tbam.bf tbe wotft^ oi^« 
fiflce cUfippoiotfod loveo often grow malicious* be 
m:^ fuby^t tbc bo& bf addition of*> or eipungiog 
a. vRordj 0H7 coiinietMt bar band to jcoBtriraocea.of 
^^ owA wbicb flie aevar thought ofi all which will 
be cat of bit power, wbilft he cannot fkf% be erer 
lactifcd a. letter (torn her* Naj^ ereo wbilft be keeps 
t^Jhmf^ he majT iiiiftottftrae wme worda. to her dt£- 
advantage, which a flip of her pen mi^ gfre-greattr 
oppoitumty. t0. On. which coofideratiottt tbe weli- 
if^ Ladici of tbia age have pmdentijr avoided fvfih 
ac€urQff».at were moTn cuHonMr 7 fiirmerlf, and think 
n/mOt ^fmm foiSciaPt jw/aw to all ^ptifnmtmkt 

cf their humble fervaoti. 

Q; H9W twm Elisabeth {tAm lAmj ^fi§d ktr) 
t0fry% hw €$m$s it u fMfst thdt tb$ malm ^ my Ltrd 
flmU ctmi f tm* wbmtnyit Marjr wm m tm. mo^ 
ther tf her mtd cur Lord, nor, b$JL Jb$ uld hn tf ber 
teing with Md t 

A. Mary had alfaidyi conoeiv^d of our blefled Lord, 
and^tbcremra migbc not impnt^icrly beeven then ftflcd 
hu mother. Aa tp your fecond quoy^. Elizabeth J^aAN 
0$ Jh$w0i tmud fy tbt Hofy Qbifi. 



.fieBwilrisH Apollo. loii 

(^ I Jifrt 4» kn9»t V Mfitrim TUkfrnMif tmrnmii 
^mjm wnm t$ J^ m artsm ihmg^ th thing in 'u fdf b§^ 
mg ntfinngmfi God^ whttber, t^m hh JMhtr is ^W, 
iw.ir 06i^gfd i» iUtfp /# ifim mv^ /# initk tkat ctmmmdi 

A,. If the command be a reaibnable one, and fud^ 
«• comes fi^itbta the jtttirdii&fon' of a patent, rfae ^a 
is muter %Vk obUgatipa- to fuftor IX% obedience to fur« 
^mipt^ lii's father* 

Q. / know a young man living in th§ ^ttauff, whti 
fUndti^ kji A feimi^ mMking €h€tfi, of fudM pitfh^d 
Us hmd into tho tttb of cuwds, mnd flood itftth bit hod» 
mffmtt^ ; his roUttion hmg ngrighttd nt this J^B^de^ 
mttioodintoijt fttn fir hoif, kttt inr tbo int^ritn, im Mnidi 
tmtting in, ptdlod kmt cttt, {fitpf<fing hitn dond) wirm 
Mf uatH^ thtf m dotnt f ottnd /* hM him^ ktt eotdd mt, 
t^sonitardt ftu him into tiNtrm htd, hitt percoivittg hat^ 
gfmm foldir, Udd him ottt, nnd ff^and ovoj thing fir 
his intirtttont $ ^ om 4hi third dttjtt tts they wtro fro* 
ending to Chttrth» tho kemnrs hottrd tvnpsfid mifi im 
the coffiag nni tnhmg it down md ofoning 1/, (to thoir 
mttoMiutnont) thtffimdhim nUvo^ no v^nys (portoivnSU^ 
nhmtg^d. Now I defro to knm the enm/o If this fitddm 
fit I its likewife the rtnpm of his iyinffi kng within tmf 
pnepeien of vitsl metien in him f 

jL This muft ha?e been a ibong afN>pIe£^ick fit; 
tfifiog from a llsddeQ and almo(t total mtcm^tibo of 
the influx ^f animal. i)>irits into all the parts of iJm 
llodf. and cMfflf into, the heart, bj which means hi< 
SMtion, #nd cenfeqaently that or the Uood became 
ifBperteptible, though aot utterly abolifli'd. For ^b 
k could 0e?er have been recovered without a mirade» 
whidi we need not fifppoie in this ca£r, fiace we arc 
•not without levcral ioftances oF the like nature, re* 
lated bf eminent authors of phy^ck, who therefore 
adviie not to be over-hafty 10 bury men feemingly 
dead of that didemperw 

Q^ ill « Im diffme^ between wf felf 4nd my friend^ 
U wns debated t H^ddt W4s the ffresttiftfin^ to turn mbsn^ 
if I ctumot get « ymng httsSand^ thM to mttrfy m dd 
mn»p mtd attIM him whm it is d^w i 

X X z U. The 



xoil y5&^ British Apollo. 

*' A, The qucftion rtturns to this, Whether adultery 
or fornication be the greater (in ? And there furd/' 
can be no room for doubt» (ioce the former is a com- 
plicated fin, and includes the latter in the fatal mix* 
Aire. 

» Q^ frst^ tell me the eaufe ef vitpourst whether h k 
m diftemfer ef the My, m^ tmnd- i'*^l-Mm Mft to h§lmie 
ef the mind 'y If of the body, vhy net curakU, ms well tu 
$th& difeafes f 

V A, The vapours cannot be /aid to be a diieale of 
the mind, though thcj are often caufcd by mental 
diforders ; but it is a diftemper of the nerves, occa- 
fioned by an infedion of the animal fpirits with vi- 
tiated and heterogeneons humoursi whence they be- 
come obftrii^ed in their wonted manner of mflueoce 
and* ai^on, and acquire a convulfive diipofition, yield- 
ing the variety of fymptoms commonly observed in 
fuch cafes. Nor can we allow with you, that they 
are incurable, fince they are frequently ieen to gifc 
place to proper methods. 

\ Ql Mcft wife Apollo j / meant if y^H ean give fMtit' 
fs^im /# my demand: Me it known te yw, 4hiU I Mm 
MSmt 4hreefcore and tgn years ef age : Btti that*s aU ene^, 
or fomething better^ for the older the wifeT. I am e^ 
^ery foor^ wAre^ u better ftill, fince fortune favours only 
fods 5 I am Mfo creekedy which is beft if aU^ fine it 
naturally dipAfies and J&fiingttifhes mi with a titlet mt 
to be eanieUed by a friHce*s frtfwn. How fitt ie, that I 
lam fallen in leve, mofi defperatdf in love, rum to tk 
danger \>f reducing my dry old tartafs to powder by tk 
flames therecf^ and with whom fhm^d this k, bm n 
kauttful yoitng Lady of avaft eftate, and who hath ok* 
filt^ely determin'd to entertain none for an humble ler* 
Vaat^ but un kandjime young fdbw 4f a fortune equal $0 
im own, I n»w demand pf Apollo to rnfrnm me, bf 
what methods I Jhall cc^fafs this Lady^ I will frem^ 
fatieme, both as to time fir managing the affiur^ md 
sn emdergomg any penante for eomphating thererf. Were 
t young, handfme^ and if an efiato^ every bloekked 
fot^d psa me im 4 way, md mj uppreadmg Apollo*; 

fhm 



r 



/irate in fuch cnfu tfou'J n^ dtimnfirMi / tbmght tim 
«ny thing Sitter i S^ if you cun m^«^ mt imder ikeft 
.difficuUiiSt ym wiU Jefirm Mthi-fiM tfiihtts thi iuimid 
0ud witty world giyo ym i 

^l, Alas ! Si^cb matters a« thefe are no difficulties^ 
but mere play for AfMo* We £ippo{e, if we an inr 
ftruA you how tot^ecqroe young, handibjoe^ aodricb, 
it will fatisfy all your doubta^ which we (hall the 
moreealily comp^fs, iince yoa ha?e promia'd patience* 
both in refpedi to time for the opcratioOa and for the 
.undergoing re^uilitc penance» c^. As to the firA* it 
ia but fUying a fewjeara longer, and hy courfe of 
nature you .will becoine a child again, and fo ha?e tb« 
advantage of her in >pqint of youth. As to recovcriipg 
youjr perfon to a propter Ihape, and regular featureai 
There is a certain Gentleman dill living, who fome 
time iince invented an art, whereby he cou'd reduce 
a» very a block as your felf to powder, and after, by 
the help of a cement, cad it in a mould of any form^ 
.And it (bou'd appear as perfe^ vW after* as before, 
l^ow a very liuJe of his afTiftance would ^q your bu*- 
fiaefsa fiace you are almofl reduced to powder already 
by the flames of your pailion \ and then, as to edate* 
it ia but (hewing your felf after this mttftmorphojh^ 
and you will foon be the richeft man in the kingdonu 
^ Whothir it u wt retUfy « lye, tofiy^ your hMmble 
iervant. Sir, your devoted fer van t. Madam, wbtrenQ 
firviu is fioUy dtftgr^i w ititettJed f . ^. . ' 

A. No» iinjse it is neither given or taken, acpprd^ 
ing to the ftri^ ica(e of the words, but. only u&'d aa 
ji. complii]3ent of civility. All civiliz'd nations u(e 
fome ccrenioniea as diffaeot from the Utter \ nay, wf 
ihall find many inftancea thereof in the Sitiftwre it 
felf. St. Vntd (aid, Ue^ nobU Vefius. Altraham waa 
caird Lord by a free people t over whom he had no au« 
thority. AiigMtl, to JMvid exceeded the compliment 
of ypur firvMU, in laying, a fervant of his fervsntt, 
Datml to Darm^{0 Xingi live for ever. And what la 
ftill more wide* both from the fpirit and Utter, you 
know who is caitv! the mofi Chrtjlian K^fjg. 

X X 3 Q; Tray 



I0I4 7Z>^ British Apollo. 

Q. Vrmf Ut me hm» tht tiymobjfj^ if tin W9rd hn- 
dif^ : Fi^ / Ukrit to ihe^n « Sfirent fktf of hmffmeft 
fr$m hem/en, rvt. Paradtfe t9- ht the ttiede ef glte Ji» 
farted fouls tf fmts befere tBe reJiirrtSteB i tmd hemtm 
iebetk cemfietien ef tiuttfelidty, ij the ttmn ef the heij 
Mi feuH \ '& net kmg fe f$dly cafMe tf iti remarJs ss 
jehen mited te the hedf. * Tertulliaii wtu efefinm, 
that Para4ife was a flate fer the remirdrf tbejmlm 
fmrtkulm^ fit the geed thmgi k did withet$t the cemtKh' 
rence tf the My ? 

A, Tfaey wlio jeri? e the wor J from the Greeks de- 
rive it from flfle^flf, JstxtM, near i and Aimw 1^$ to 
Water : For the pleafantnefs of a plaee is not a link 
owing to deKghtfitl ^iogs. The neareft radix io the 
Behrew is either one that fignifies to be fruitlbl fer ' 
the Taradifi of the protopiaft was a fruitftil garden, 
or one that Signifies to 'fi*parate 5 for pldifaot gardens 
are nerer without inclofures. But Xefi^hcn informs 
us, that it is a'P#fjf£; word, and imports a garden or 
orchard. Bat from the deh'ciojis plea&ntne(s it h ne- 
tiphoricallj put to Hgoifj an invifible place of happi« 
ineis. 

• As for the opinion of the fathers conoemiiig the 
determination of this place of happtnefi, we bavt hi 
a former paper dilhm'd the matter. Bat fince the 
Scn}>tures are filent in the ca(e, who. can pretend to 
certainty in fb doi^tfal an af&ir ? Tho' thia defitht- 
fiilnefi concerns onty the time antecedent to the AA 
ceniion of our Lord : For the Scriptures ( as we liave 
eifewhere (hcw'd) rcrj clearly intimate, that fioce 
the afceniion of our Lord, the Coal of the depart* 
lug faint advances immediately to heaven. 

But we cannot omit, what a learned man oftrs in 
proof, that Paradifc before the Goipel di/penfition 
was a place ieparate from heaven. For from thtt 
text, this deij then /halt h with mi in far0dtfi, - he ar* 
goes thus: Paradife, in the Jefwifh notion of the 
word* was di/lm^ from heaven. Ou^ Lord us'U the 

• r ■ 

? Pe Ktfixrr, Carn. Cap. 17. • ' 

worrf 



mr^rd to « J^, iRid tto^fbre nay he renfyMkiy lbp« 

]^M^4 td iiieend it in a Jewilh Amft. But frtth M* 

AniUkn wt beg leave to ofier this mly : At l^aAdiJA 

li^ni(i<ri a ^ace of hiippifiell, ib-^iir Lord ni%iic not 

thiAk fit to ebrred the ootkm of thie fimt, aad t(iere« 

ter« might accomtnodatt bimi^f to tbdr evpreffioih 

At»<r fucb an accommodati^ is of tbt lame fiatiM 

iprith tbat in J^flmn^ Sim ^tmd ihm fiiii. If tbcrM^M 

the argumeDt be allow'd, nt rauft ftodieat^ the M 

Prolemaick (yftem agarnft the modern Copemieiiit 

larhrch jet the beft aftronoifiera wou'd betmwilltng to 

do, 

Q. mm ih^ nwf^f #f Mf iftrar. ^ /fo 14th Pfilm; 
The fool hath faid in hia htart> there ta no God, m# 
Pb h eicflMmed, ihmiy ^ms mtd fMfifktn fntmding 
thin h mr ttm jtebeifis f 

A, So great is the corruption of human nature, (b 

ready to comply with the iboft ftrepoAeroua ahfiirdt* 

ties j and witbaJ, £> wtUmg are fbme men to break 

thro' ail the barriers that woo'd (lop their career in a 

Vicious couriit $ t^ refhove all the impcdihients to t 

free indulgence of their iinful hsAt* that pleafare ( tf 

^&i^tt)r itNlj delerfe tht natne) tikat pJeainre and 

imoannitjr saaT go hand in hand t So corrupt we Hxf 

n nature, aaa 10 willing are fome men to corrupt 

cren corrupted natufe, that we^ think it po(!)ble foir 

them fb to tamper with their reafon, as by admncea 

and degrees to warp and biafs it to fo moderate a 

tompliance with their impious attempts* aa to vindi- 

cate the ffiikmft% faying, Th$M hofhfM m hu htmi 

tfpsra h na gU. But iince he cannot look, either 

within him or without him, but he beholds a Godi 

fince, if he look upward, $h$ htfwns dnhn the gktf 

if Gfd, tmi th$ fimMmtttt /hewth hh h^ndf witk : if 

he kM>k downward, every ipire of grafs point out 

then* Maker i iince be Can no where ( unlefs he cdu'd 

return back to his primitive non-exiftence) no wberfc 

Withdraw himlelf f^om the vifiNe charadcrs of att 

invffible Creator (fir tht iitvi/^ things rfth§ OeMlm 

m elmfy fm by tkf things $im an tlMdi ) he there- 

X X 4 foro 



toi6 The BRitisH*ApoLL.ib. 

^ore caimoc maintaia an uoihgken fieadia^fs in bis fi» 
crilegious, in his bold invaifion 9 <io, the imprciliofiff 
of aa almighty Agent will frequently recoil, upon a 
doubting wretch, will interrupt his pleafurcs» will di'- 
ilurb his jollity, aQd imbitter his debauch with the 
S)elancholy view of an hand writing, not indeed iii/«0 
thi walk but as a more intimate tormentor upon h£f 
heart. The impreflion^ of an almighty Agent will be 
fure to mix with his more fober hours, will interfere 
with his neceiTary repofe, and force him againft bis 
jwili to imitate the P£dmift, and ttink ufw God m 
thi wght-feafm. And therefore, tho* the fool inay £0 
baniih from, his; thoughts the opinion of a .Deity, zs- 
t9 fay (tho' yet very often, if not always. with fe^iT 
and jealouiies) taJkymhU heart then is m God > yet 
fuch frequent recoiJings of fiartled reaibn miay war- 
rant us to fay, that there it no true» no. thorough 
Atheid in the world. 

Q. The rtafon why onr Saviour Chrifi is fiiUd tho fern 
of Davids it not appewini by tho Scripture-genealiiyt 
that the Virgin Mary was of tho Image of David> & 
mly Jofeph ? f 

A, III the £rft ^9»fter of %^. Lttko wc read, that 
while the Angel is acqu^ainting i4ary^ that (he (hpu'd 
conceive of the Holy Ghoft without the adiftanoe of 
ft man, and therefore cou'd have no refpe^l to Jojefbf 
he yet calls David the Father of the child, that fhou'd 
be born in £0 miraculous a manner : j^ ho JhaU ho 
great, and JhaU he called tho Son of tho Higheft, mtd 
God JhaU give him the throne of ins father David. 

Had not Af«ry, as well 2^^: Jofeph bfeo of tho hutfo 
omd lineago of David, the. ^ows, ^ho were whetted 
avith malice and revenge, wpu'd n^iver have been 
Wanting to oppofe Chrlftianity with fo formidable 
•n obje^ion. But that they never o£Rsr'd at any fuch 
obje^ion, we may fairly gather from the (ilence of 
the Scriptures $ for the objed^ions which they made 
HFC very ingenuouQy recorded there. And indeed, were 
any fuch obje^ion made, we muft have * found in 
ibme of the EpifUes, fiuse o&ts at a.cMfutatiofb or 

at 



If 



•t kiAibe apoftles wou'd ha?ebeen wholly fileot coa-* 
cerniog the pedigree of-oan bleiTed Lord. Butinftead 
of filence, they fpeak of it with afliirancf , with con- 
fidence, as atfaiog granted, as an undoubted truth, as 
an uncootroverted point. And indeed the very Tar^ 
gium (that jewifh oracle) a book, that bkfphemouQy 
jcraduces the. biefTed Je(as» acknowledgea ii^N;)ttobeot 
the £»ed ^il>mnd. 

t A learned man. ii of opinion, tb«t £jvi^# i. i.f • might 
be .rendfcd- thosi I* « ^iwim 4 th$ hM^: tf DaviJ, #^ 
fpoufid t9 a man wkeftaami wasj^rffpb, atti th$ virgrn'M 
n^im* mu Mmy. And to account for the fvnaploce 
(a figure that mifplaces words in an irregular ordev 
of conftru6^ioo) he bryigs many inftances hrom Scrip* 
ture. But we. (hall not iofift upon the paflage, fince ' 
the admittance of the conftrudioa fuppofea, and noe 
proves* the noattcr in debate. . 

Q: Bemgfmiwlm ftt^h^^ivm ti^^itrmgbttlfM 

inm comn^fktmt iftbingt mtfurMi M*mU ammd asv§» 

gt$Mi prodft^ms* AnmgthefirmiTf sf fiffi m rMnk% X 

Utck/fy tk§ugh$ upm tb4fmthmcMl fimBkn tf hum^n^ 

Miis$ 9her9 I find thefivval tmrnkru ^ otgank^ftuts 

ff divtrs bodies^ amy 4» i*4ii ntudoff midflriH uftmUtme* 

to auh Hhtr (txafmg 'mfixj$. «r ^xfrsordiimry iU tmd 

dijkmpir'd gtt/ks.) Unf J wotdd kwrnyhtm thi faces alMfp 

tht^ €$^ftmg rftUf0mi,€m^liHmff0^SpmnwfcUt,mim' 

Srami,. A|fffi» &9. eome ^(y^h fi dtfferM as they appet» 

u bt^ tlmf ^'mg/carcf ns^m the. tmiviffifo tUfily ctnt^^ 

fy^mi% j$st0 admit if no vasrmtm'm ftaisvt i 

< ji. This;niay benumbrcd with the aftoaifhtng won^ 

ders of that un&thomable providence* which created 

all ^ivmg^ in wiigbt and moafure^ And therefore this 

fingle inftaace vindicates both parts of th^ Iffdm/To pa- 

theticalexc]aniatiort» fmmfildantthfvorks^ Oljtrdi Jb 

wifdom haft ihiu modi ifhemaU, . 

Qj, H^tkir 'fha^finfsra frohfUsm woman tomarff 

m fapifi^ smdtt sMijtenns, viz. iftitey have mj dsildrmi 

to lit thfm Mf be Srongbt up m the fopifh reltghn, and 

half in the protefiant t 

^, Is it not a £o to have fo flccder a regard for 

X X / * our 



foiS J%i British Apoli.o. 

our owncliildreii,asBoc to ttke aHthecfrcfniafiiitbie 
fbftt tbev be cdnc»t(k) in tlie true religion; tkit thej he 
ourtur'd in the genuine dodrines of the Goipcl $ that 
£> important an afiair, at the eternal welfare of their 
immortal fouli* be the moft prudentlj proFided for ? 
But if a poteftant woman marry a papifton the con- 
ditiooa %ccrfied» at to one moiety of her chiktren, Ae 
sot only takes no care that their imnortalrry he thus 
f^garded/ but by tile very ceoditiott of her nurfiage 
care^y proWdea* that cbe my Mfcrfe to this mmy 
jinfortoaateiy eaiiie. 

ji^'d this Img tim9t ms kvhtg tk$ vt^ mind Ufr mtbe 
9^€^ldi Jkrmg hmtMjftmy wkmttkfMd Ua^ h ibmch% bm 

if, fit Mtf and afriwd^n ih$j^ ^fmffsmk^ kmltm 
p m^wtmMii Mi H mj§f mifkir m I w$M%, fw wbmtvtr 
fkufit m$ is emm, iks^ wtvirfiJMiit trifk. Jbsd 
HM^ QttHmffHh \fiwi yOH M^t ^ '^Kf'SP ^ ^ ^^ wtndt 
pv9 m$ « link tfytm stsMa^smdttUtmt wMk$r JfluM 
tbf^m fitffilfima tfk wttld, mtdfitk mjffif$sm$^ §t if I 
fiM kt itifir$t$k tm kmrt m my nm m n y '9 fitf it is isu' 
ft0U I em bmg/krvt9§ my hmd/kt$, Bti^ymwiUf0f» 
'tis imfoffibkfit^m Fkjfidtm H fMfimbt « iwn 'tiUh^iiMe- 
^rnsumed wiihtkedifrnfi: tkit tkmis mf tup 1 1 hmvt Itwd 
Ml thiftriBefl ^Mtna t$ Wf Ummt tf mm dtdd m tk 
TtMrUt ftsf fiiihir is fiixtftmmi gtmdf A^t i§ im$ f§uMi 
mU my tndttnfottrx with sht gnmft rttitm rfhve smdkind' 
mfs % bstt n^ mother y camrmy totkttindtnttfs tf m fmmt^ 
his sss*d m» with mil th§ fi^r Mtd tmlMtmfo imstgittMiy 
stnd ytt it hMs hem the gremeftfitijeB ef mf theigbts te 
fistdy hem te^pieafi smd oblige her^ htte aUtene fttrpfiifer 
J never did iusf thi^g thttt Jhe veuldfleMfe H fry wmswdl 
denei tmd had Inet been eiieettra^dby tmider fmeher^ I be* 
4ieve rmver kaddettem^tlmg welt. ' I thmdt God ihttve 
m gresu many kind friends ^ had I btit the' liberty to emfy 
them'y and veryfiw enemies that T knew efi thefrlhavif^ 
I wosdd not be fi fpiteful as to wijh them any ill, their own 
eenhaffy temper is fnnijhmem entntgjhfir tbtm^ Ibavohom 



5Fhe^ BairifH Apoll»o. 1019 

mUwffiifimpt Iwmffiif wiibmi vmti^twUk tki gtan* 
0fi fmtww9 MiAmfuimp m tbit^tdi bm 'ttffmf6fih 
I €tm hi^ J(ih» hitmft I sm tfthe ctmrtny [tM. and 
tl^nfvrtwy fmm€9 is 0kmft mm Htt, So fr/y, Cuttle 
tmn, pisy mt, find JM nn ymt J^df ttinkt^fw I ham 
m tbmfimd maggt$t mmjf hrms,which ifuif wUl dttmir 
thtm mU, hawing bm afim. ftaj^ ^ J^ €mm$ifitjm§t 
daift $M t9 wj gngfiy ihidkg mi, fit I have mm^h^ 

- jf . Do 7011 flf , Mad«nf , tJiit cofwkt jroiibirtf n#oe ? 
hapfj lA^\ wiMfeMcomoMftiiicrH (f6ry<Mf (teth 
anftreff ofa wMo erain of virtues) bu io H^mmM^ 
cri 700 CO an t\m know you, tine by the fame en** 
dtaf ing method you at oace enjoy the ^/pag pronointc'd 
hj the apoflle, a hlefling annexed to a blamelefs car^ 
rage, v!b9 is hi that Jhall harm ym, ifyi bi fiUimers if 
fhafj Tiahkb is pidf and yet avoid the emfs pronoanc'4 
by our deareft Lord, a cmrfe entail'd tipon a fitffql coim 
y^nce with^ the world, ire toy»t whin all minjfiak 
wiUofyin. Stfttdgef that your mother Ihou'd beiw^ 
kind r unfciad* weftji for we wou'd fpeak the mild* 
eft of a perioD^ who bcari £>ftear a relation tba Lady 
of fuch ttiitrfual virtue: as yoa are her daughter, you 
might demand the tendereft of her aKt£fcioiis$ as you 
are facb a daughter, yon an wmhf tf diubk hoHouf 
Ihall wefiy ? That indeed \$ not ftri^ty due from a 
toother to a daughter, but undoubtedly we may iay 
Of double love. But why fb eoncero'd at this ? it 
would be matter of rejoycing, matter oFtriumpb, did 
Hot jMiit duty oblige you to bewail fo unatoral, and 
therefore fo unfortunate a mother, in that you enjoy 
the opportuiirtv of forgiving the-in juries you receive; 
of displaying the daughter to £0 unmotherly a parent $ 
of being dutiful na inly to the gad and gentle, (for fuch 
you fay your father is^ hue aifbto thefroivard. We 
ftfay therefore add» in allaHen to our blefled Lord, 

• weep not for your ftlf, weep for your mother, for 

* fo unkind a mother. 

Sincethe uncomfortable condition you are in is likely 
fo b€ of ibcfa dangerous confequeacei wc think it not 

Xx6 onl| 



jozo STJfe British AF01.I4O. 

.e&ly adviJ&blc, but ofloeilary (i»r i«if-pt«ferTatioo'M 

'M incumbent ^uty) tbat'^a humbly intreat^your pa^ 

'rents, and codeavour with earnefthut niodeft impor* 

tunity, to prevail upon them, inforcafimablearequeft 

aa that of leave to try your fortune in the worJd, to 

•throw your £Ai on the gracious prote^ion of an all- 

difpoiing providences to place your depeodance oo tbc 

tendereft of fatjhers> your heavenly Fatber: fir »be» mr 

father mid mr mother firfiki us, the Lord tahtb ms mf. 

And iade6J« Madam, 'tt5athoufail(ipitiei,tbat'£bcoa<* 

fpicuouf a.virtueihou'dbe buried in oblcurity, iber« 

emplary a pattern cloiAerM in a nunnery/ £> bright^ 

eaiuUe hid undet/ « iujhelt Co illaftrious m tmUite^ Sttriedm 

m ftapkin, and £> ipkndid « iight conceal'dfroiiiixi«»,ib 

clofely concealed hommm^ that they eannoifiewurieed 

works ifuch engaging Tivrks as cou'd not cbooie out com* 

xnand their imitation* and tbeno; qblige them pradi* 

cally to glorify thotr Father which is in heaven, 

> Q. H^ an ^s has a crofsttfon his haekjmca Cbrift nutdt 
u/eofone, and not before^ as it is reported t 

A* Tbe report is no other than a vuigjur error. 
^HowcomesthecatfZXia&fHfs^tobeeaiVdhfrs. Evans? 
Jt*s likewife a common thing in ahherrencyy to fay ^ am ug^ 
fuft. Now it's the ofinicn, (at leafi of the generality) tha$ 
that animal is not what we commonfycali anugiy creatMN% 
ai^d certainly it cannot he in aUufion to the women of the 
ttame if Evans. For lean ajfure you. Gentlemen, that it 
has hen the oifervatton, (ev€nrfcrieu!lfsinjymmetry)thef 
there are more handfome womm of that namot thanefsa^f 
Pie name, (froportionaSfy in numheryin the kingdom i Icaa't 
hut add the ufual conclufion of our ffeedy anfwer^ ftverd 
difpHtes ending onyour determination, andthedotshtlefi mei^ 
i^uejiions at yottr Gedjhip's feet t yet have feme right offn* 
cedencH to a fclutien, as Seing the firfi trouHe given you iy 
one of the very firfi of your fidffsribers, , 

A.- We 6q not fuppo& that the ca& bears the name 
of Mrs. JEv^fn.sinrefpe^ to the^deforinicj of any wo- 
nien of that name, buf rather derive it from a fufpi'- 
^ious notion of one Mr&. £949/ being a witch, and 
often alTumiag (according to the vulgar notion) the 

form 



Ji&^BiiiTisH Apollo* lotx 

-form oFa cat: ib< chat in allufioti to this, we coscel?« 
tim creatcre hatli been ever fincc 7u^riy ib call'd^ 
L ,^ lam « ^wm^ nuti3, md bav9 M^am 5-0^ Immf 
vwnhmdii « Gen$kmmn tf sStut as mtub a ymrf t^ill 
ttidt iffxoQd cmfriag$t md a ehammg hummr^ htfn me 
49mfm^t bfU he fvfetirs he wiU never vuirry. No^ i €enfefs 
ie yoH, that J weuU net for aUthewerid, thM anffhetid 
jtnev, I love this man^ which is to thai degree, that i amh 
net reft n^ht or day^ I am grewnfi melanehefy.^ Jbfem I 
ii^ymt adfout vkichfm: eaghe Iiie» may fmm myUfe, 
..^jii,' Madam* \i tiui G^rieman makes lore ta yoa 
after fuch declaration, that he never will mart^j, yoi> 
ought Co ibiin hiscon'verfktioh with thegreatcftdii^o* 
as your moft mortal enemy, who ieeks the ruin of 
your eternal happtniefs hereafter : this alio is the moft. 
probable way to perfuade him to corrc£b his princi« 
pies, and to engage his a£Fedions in a lawful way, which, 
bath- often happtt'd to fucb as cou'd' nofeifoS): thetr 
wicked defigjHs. Befides, yoar virtoe and innocence 
4iereby . wiJ) add {o mach tcauty and Jodre to jm* as 
^iengagthis a£[e^Jons the ftronger : nor can yon teii' 
but :. his reibiutioof againfl roanri^ are only pre^^ 
tended, to cry your virtue j tf To, the lead umbrage o£ 
yeitdiRjg* to unlawful embraces utterly deftroys his good 
opinion of you/ but if it be not fo» con fidcr» that i£ 
yod yiekiiii!^ all probability, by partmg withyourricfaeft 
}ewd,fOu will only purchafe a bold indifferenccif not 
(corn after. If your paffion'hath got tbatalcendantonrer 
you, as not tobexeiifted bythefecoofiderations, your 
mo^ certain remedy will be to have recour& to reli«*' 
gion, a iericrusaodfedalous application to it, will draw, 
down from heaven that afliftanceto your ailaulted vir*. 
tue, as not only to fupport you againft all evilconie** 
^uencet, but alio will elevate your miiid by iLnldes of. 
^ heatififk vi/kn, to a contempt of all the empty. joys 
you vainly promife yom", felf trom any thing here be- 
iov. ... 

Q. fPhy Rofemary isgivenatfitmraU wt^tk-days^and' 
why ameng the akcients^ Ewe «»^ Cyprefs? 
A, Wehavcgivenarcaibnforthcareof^^irryt in* 
I fdfol^^ 



TI&^British Apollo, loit 

h$fd. N. 73* And fuppoie tb^ as Mwi and ^ 
frifi m always green, the ancients oaade uft of tfaea 
•c^ buriaii, as an enoblem of tix imaiortaKtf.of tiie 
dcceaied» through their virtveor good works. 

Q^ J ht^vi fomd exf^'mumaiify timi tb§ Afjff cf wmnn 
^a mH^ ffthaf pdiom via 9f unfm9ufn^$, U it t^h 
fiMtid i$ urifisfrcm/piraMl frukf «r « €muk$dfMmf$bM 
MMM «ra fr goad m tbtmfihis. Tmr 9fmm tmd r^&mt 
tifi dt^tdby tmwka fugm tmdtir $h9ilieffk^i§fa^b»vmg 
hMd nufi nmocent frndmnm imnmrfiiim mip^ fmfimtd md 
ita/ur^d fy me, who in otkor o»fis ifto^csomiom tomox- 
oroMm of fcruftljfiiy* • 

A* Bj condemning all, even the beft of tbefab'ier^ 
of that odious vice» becanfc fou have erperioieatalty 
found it in one, (hews yon are guilt/ intheliigbeftd^ 
gree, of that etil fpirtt yon condemn in them; and 
therefore your prejudic'd opinion can be of no force 
againft them. Tbe>be(l interpretation we can pat op* 
on £o genera] an abuie, isi that it fliews you never had 
the good fortune to conrerfe with the bed of the £a 2 
oUierwife you woud have been convinc'd, that many 
of them abhor the crime, even to the ihame of nua« 
tes (and not of the weakeft) of ours. 

Q. fti^ wherm fyo the diferom fr^ertks, prft^m 
tmd defects, ef gilding md lacquering. ' 

A, All gilding is perfbrm'd with leaf-gold, and Uc" 
ifm with leaf-Hiver, xxti^dL to a gold colour, byavar« 
ntfli composed of re&t^'d Spirits and gums. The . 
moil beautiful gMng is burnifli*d gold, but iubie^to 
an immediate injury by a wet finger, and in alrttletime 
lofes its chief Juftre by the moiftnefsof the air* Oyl 
gold holds its colour longer than Ucqear, but fboner 
grows dull, and cannot & refreih'd. Oyl Ueqrnr is 
and fubje& to crack and part in time, but not togro^ 
duller fo much as gold, the filver being defended from 
the injury of the air by the varniHi. Burnifh'di^^Mf 
holds its briskneis longer than any of thf foremention'A 
being performed on a harder body than thofein oy],a]fo 
defended from the injury of theair by the lat/pter, yctift 
timegrows paler $ but its colour may be rdlov'd by run- 
ning 



J0Z5 ^^ British Apollo. 

Sling i c over Bgain wltb^Mpv^Ti and ^fc nor as wrett ai at 
£rf!t,ltm2iyheohjc£teditlMttberchpUii^tqbe fcen in 
many aocittiticats» wbicb retains its beauW, tho*done 
many years ago. We an^er, that foroMrly your leaf- 
gold was far thicker tiian now; befide^ what hisap- 
pear'd to hold longed hath been done on ceilings, where 
no filth cou'd lye to contra^ a tamtflf. / 

Q» H^ Jhou'-d age h$ mtre h^mmtMi Am y oiidi!» wbkb 
Mrrits ^auty md^rfiBkn mitf 

A. Becauie wif(ion}andcr]»erJeDce (the companions 
of tigt) are the perfe^ions of abe ntnd, and of much 
greater <Hgairy than tbofe of the body. 

Query i . Wlfnu mUff m cmmry frrmtr {ihm hittha i oo U 
t$ fink M fart0 fuitAi^) UMfiiM^fy require with wife f 

a. Or a farmer' sfw ihtis hnrie- 1^\. ayeMrfreebold 
after his parents deceafe f 

I. Or a young man thm*s a hsfkkeraft, who iy his h^ 
duflry htak ptmld ijpo h Woir, h0tfiug vetking to heght mtk 
hit what he borrowed t < 

A. To the firfl we anfweff tliat 100/. with awife» 
is as much as he oaght to txpe€tp fioce fhe muft e- 
^ually (hare in pains and isdnftry in that ftate of life. 

a. To the fecond.^ib 100 /. if he has nothing of 
his own to ftock a farnn For tho' ly /. per arm, fet- 
tled in jointure requires aN>re, yet hi« father may fur* 
vive him n>any years, and all that time fte has no en- 
joyment of it. . 

3. To the laft we anfwcr, hqmaj cxpe^ more or 
lefSf according t« ^he tk&e he had i]>ent in getting 
the 100/. But no }ufl calculations can be made of thete 
makers, without a knowledge oftbeperfon'sindudry, 
principles, ftate of health; feSitions to eftacea, ^c* 
Q^ SheMCeuM Talhffd fend^ 
Btit toBouBcfshkfiienJ, 

A cag i>f^W Nottingham Afswf ; 
IhirSt ym not that his Hood, 
Tho* he drinks wine that's good^ 

Would circulate better and quidt^ I 
K Nay.foweU if he fought^ 

And maintained each redoubt ; 

^ Ktf9 beUnono of our r^rf Britiih %/y^i Wbh 



1014 ^^ British Apollo. 

ffith whai vigour hi w0Mld 
Havt iMdtd thtrmgb blood, 
Mtidh fmii and have ho»*d Uf dowf$ fhicktr* 
Btit thanks be to Jove, 
IPor his kindmfs and W, 
. That fane's vice vcrfa, no wonder 
Though Boufflcrs Jhouldfyt 
When brave Marlbro' draws mgh 
jinJ great Eugene attach himUke thteadtr* 
• For thefi two havebf odds 
Otu done dettii'g/odst • 
And thtir fraifes have reached Suimmiin Coeli l 
And who new eon (hum 
The great Scipio'i name^ • 

^ciftthefe ( duo fulfsina bellif) ; 
A, Hail, poet fublime. 

Who fo bravely doth ch>mc» 
Doubtlefs fraught with thy Uo$t'nham]i<^ot ; 
Be it faid to thy praife» - 
, Than thy. volatile ]ay5< 
Not the fpiric of harts-bom i$ quicker. 
But tho' this koappy ale 
Perhaps feldom does fail 
To enervate your fancy when writiogs 
Yet in Bouffiert it may 
A^ a quite different way» 
And deflroy ali his condudl in fighting. 
But whether or no» 
Botiffier*^, fpirits below. 
Or his vitals may watit reparation : 
We here plainly declare. 
Nay ve fately can Avear, 
That your clapper needs no provocation* 
Q. From a footman I'm rofe. 
In livery cloaths, 
, To a furgeon ns good as the beft s 
I am fHTgoon of St. Thoaui, 
GreM cures I do fromifot 
2 have judgment as weU as tke teft^ 



I 



•Om 



72^ British Apollo. loif 

2hmt0llme, I fraf» . 

H^ the company fa^p 
f 2b4$ I am an impudent ftlh0 i 

idn4 caU me Bully* Hacjk» 
. . And fay I am a tfHoekt 

And after me in the .ftrteu Mtnf* 
^ if in keeping fny coach^ . 

J m them encroach^ 
I wiU pillin^ly ky it down i 

And teU me my erime^ 

I will mend 1/ in time, . 
. And be eivflas my m town f 
^. ^ A, V ^jkip yoa were bred. 

How dare you thus plead» 
' Aadpreiume oa (he furgeon's petfc^kioH ? 

How on patients impofe. 

And your weakneis dtfclofe, 
Without any thought or refledlion? 

IF your crime you would knowt 
.^ » *Tis not chariots, or £0, 
^ Or ypur coaches that make the tr^igreffioo : 

. > ^ 'Tia pretending to know 
.; , . , ;Mprc by half than you do, . » 

^ Whi^h 6q^\\ fatf^w ^y profefliofib 

Q: It is a common extrejj^n of people, when they woul4 
Sfitngmfj), the valine 4f a piSlttret to fay^ It is a^fine 
paint, or coarf* pyint. JM^if it appears not roMfon^iioi 
|« met that then can headiferenee i» the p^^e of coloHrt 
in ar^ proportion^ 40 what if in the valuf ofpiSittres, Pray^ 
^0nfieme9, 40^ f9\e^, Tfthis jke a^ propir vay of e^^prefftig 
s^ 'uak[ekpfi^\pi^uir$J > '- * ... ' 

;. A. Thes^bfAtig two^xolours^ and only two oC 
^i;cat pricf?,! viZf.\ Ulframatine and CUnrmine \ the fisft 
ibiit the* Jafl-re^f we fuppofe from henc^ th^ 9itkHk 
came, that ti^ere .w^^ the }ike difference in the prica 
x>i other coloi^rs ; uid then the value of a pidure iay« 
in.tbe price (^ th^ (roIoursi'^b^Qk is all ^yr^mg % Foq 
the valine of a.pidure \vs^A% ^ fkiiful mtoagoQiienfr 
vof.the .colours, ^o^ °^ in .tl)ie.leall in t))e ccjflottrA 
themf^Iircs ; ipiv a $\&^^ ,m^. ha^^. ipii^i^^MffMv^ 
V . . ' " ■ ^ and 



toi* Tie Britisu Apollo* 

tx^VUrmnarhu^ andyetnotbeworthafiittfifog morei 
and on the other haod,* one may have none of tbofe 
colours in it» and yet be' of great'wortb. But tiHiea 
we fay, the value of a pidure coofifta in the ibm- 
fiMgemtnt cf the cdmrs^ we meia only in reference to 
the cokwing fart ^ for to render it a compkat pic- 
ture, many other properties tnuft concur, as dffywt 
. miinmict^ draught, frepdrtm, fnfieBruf, 8tc. 

Q^ What notici is tfi bt taken, when the back fart ef s 
ymag man's head is qtute grey, and the fare- fare tBferem i 

A, No other notice, than that hb hair is of two 
difierent colours, unlefs to icmtiaize the pbilofophi* 
cal account of it» nyhkh yet feems to us not to be 
the intention of rhe'queftion. 

Q.I am a ymmg man, juft gtOng to begin the werldt 
hut find I cannot bring my afiirs te beary tmlefs I am 
ajpfted with^fime menej, I am efftred vety latefymycbeiee 
<f two Gentlevemtn, / think nearfy eqmal in r^^ ef 
their fe/rtunes : The em has an affeBedinedeft Mh a lai* 
gnijhing and very grave air \ the ether 'a brisks iivefy 
and held leek i ar, aecv^ing te the eid fbrafe, is a boi^ny 
iafs. N(^ Gentlemen, my freflnt emergena/ wiU mt aUme 
ef me te fiay Ung, te fatisfie my felf ef tieir firmer an* 
duS ; bnt am reftlved ta be ditermmd by ymr 0dviee$ 
Mwfr r hefe wiU be veryj^eedy f 

A* Since you are m fudi baAe,^ we will not botl 
yoQ long. Take the latter, becauie the Lady grmve^am 
leema of too ferious and thoughtful • dtipofition tih 
agree with your predpitant re^ltitioflt. 

Q. I have been rr^mn*d, that a chariot wkh ehr^ 
wheels hath been made te' go by an engine, withmt tb^ 
TMf efany ereatttre ta'draw it, and that they cotdd ttsm 
and guide 'it with h$uch exaiheefs. New 1 can cencerik 
kern ^k a chariot mof be made te go, rfz. By placing 
m finaU wheel before, and the fixing two Utrge ems en an 
nxehtree ; which axel-tree f^Jfi^g emder the feae he the 
iharia, an engine may bi mnde t4 fb^ en it^ a$td aftc 
whedi being fix'd m the axd-tree, whin that k worked 
mmd, by ^fiqtnnce ike ieheeU tmfi he ^ too, and 
okereby f^eetero 4 fregr^e motkfL I dfio cm tommi 

hot^ 



7%e British Apollo. 1027 

ifcm tke finmtfi wht^t ^ windf the ckm^t kags Stfmti 
mfjf h piidid If tke fta : Bui fitce hi p^Uftti fmrningu 
mi ff the p^itt wheds mufi make a ^jmcknr dmtmferencw 
thm Hh 0^, or dft fh firfi wknl catmoi gmii ##, X 
€mm$$ emteerve htm that ctm ht ftfform*^^ finct ih$y mt 
If^h fixti to the axel'tm, if ym htuvo m^ mtm tf 
thefi thm^s, f^wf vnfotm mo i 

A. A GeotteflMrn of our ibcfet^, bath feen the m* 
ward operatiott of fucb an engine. You (eem to' haTC 
a right notion of the manner of the engine, and baog^ 
\tk% (^the cbarfoe. The motion you iniift on« is thus 
pcrfbrm'd. ^ The engine con6fts of a duplicate form 
dF fimilar works, which plays on both ends of the 
axel- tree, and the motion performed by the operation 
of both hands $ and the axei-tree is cut in two in tho 
middle, and jointed by an iron pin» let in at both ex* 
tremities next the diviiion, ib that in turning of the 
chariot, one end \% worli'd by one hand in propor* 
tion to the circulation, wbiift the other hand reftraios 
the motion of the other end of the axel-rree. 

Q:^ I h^tvo^hotn very much MddtBod to keepino eomfanf 
m^ hard drhdkmg, whkh mf m/Htmthn iPOHl/not imr i 
for it has eafi mo twice otto a co^sfumftion, of which I 
have both timet rectwred* 

Through the perfuafiens of mj friends and rektims l- 
fervor that ^ico^ and now remain in a perfkB ftate of 
healths But bfJfhunmPig me evilt 1 bring upon fnj filf a 
worfe^ viz. the hippo \ that infiead of being all life and 
jollity as bififre, I look like a flseep hwtg m a hedge, as if 
I had neither life noi^fml in moi 

Injiead of ctateffisg andfles^g the Ladies as before^ I 
have not a word tO' fay for my felf Therefore I eameftlf 
beg efyou with aH/peed to tell me^ whether J {hall return 
to^ n^ former *€ottrfe of drinking, or what eourfe I fhaU 
take to get rid of this my fmock- faced iftemper f 

A. Since your eloqtietlsee was wholly inipir'd by 
Sacchsesi you hare )o(l nothing by parting with tbae 
qualification, becau& it was none of your own. And 
we befief^i the Ladies will be better plealed yeklk 
your fiience> tlan with ftcb airs as wine were Mkely 

to 



lci8 7^ British Apoi^iTd.' 

to give you. Nor are we con?incM yoa Have loft 
TOur aiTurance by your conftraioed jbbrietys fince you 
Aave the confidence to ask, if you (hall return (ltk§ 
d»g to Ms vcmh ) to your former drunkeaoefi* cho' 
At the expence of your health here, and forfeiture of 
your happiaei$ hereafter. ^ . 

Q. The fiMd'mg tf a quefiim. in ymr fttmerfy f^» 
fnpMinded feym in Engiifh verftt without metrtt ««m- 
fi$n*d n cwtfovtrfy bttvetn twc» which wms the btfi firt 
of foefry, viz. shaf which is mttdo in rbymo^ or tho for» 
^?^> frPt^^ thi virfi to ho equal in sU other refpe^s t 
A oonfideraile wajer depending horemM tmd tho forties 
^ing agreed to fimid to yottr determination^ you are «8- 
trpued to give your anfwer in your next paper. 
; ^ If a poem of each kind (hj^ki li writ by two 
perfons . of equal judgment* doubtlefs the -SLnk will 
contain the ftronger lines, the author being freer from 
conflrainr. But the condition of the wager being on 
fupppfitioh, both are equal in all other refpe^s beiides 
rhyme > the rhynoer win$« £ace he gives an addition 
of art» which beii^g mftfictd, is by coniequeoce foettcai* 
. Q^ Tour wife doctfion d&es the Utfiro Jhom, 
With which Apollo lights tho Jhados bdo» i 
Ajffft ffiy humSle, yet afpiring fault 
Jind my defers with your dear fenfo coir»trotd, 
Thefe nice diJlinHims bard to bo exfreft, 
J once more offer to Apollo*i breajl. 
Ihofef who with vicious hvo alone do burnt 
PfiU euro by h^te, lovOt which meets no return t 
^ut if I were the wretch^ whops lozo negUBod Winl 
it wotld not turn to hatred, but defpair. 
Beeaufi I could not fix my love on ono, 
Cuidedify that blind pajjkn, love odmo \ 
^utfromfuch motives of a virtuous land,. ^ 

TerfeBionU in tho judgment, not tho mind, > 

itff charming foul to a fine figuH join*dn J 

fit fstsfl be aUfublimo that conquers mOf 
idl«4 ^*M^ ^merit's great, fi:fhall my lovo too be, 
That not returned, ah ! fieaven what fhouU X do t 
Lamntj defpt^ir, la^guijk» and lov$ Utp (00^ 

His 



Tie British Apollo. io&9| 

Jih fights fmemly Sur, mfb mtrial pMm, 

.jSnd f ifi ji0vi m ufit vomld gUry in his dmn, 

H$ 4hen an mfiMp9 rf my lave fi§uld fee. 

And iU my death ferhdfs wotdd vslae me z 

Shui ef foy fex wm* tver yet did preve, 

CgnfiMnt vithout m jjufl return to ipve, 

I avm my foul is wkh ftrfeHion j&y« 

Affd hath s trtse idea^ vihtuflseHld ife admir*d: 

hly paJlan^s fervent, and m merit plac% 

Qh ! Tell me thm, if J can err in loving to the lafit 
jL Madam, our utmoft veneration'a due. 

To one that writes» aad one tbat loves like you. 
furfuits like thefe» can ne'er be errors dccm'dp 
Where virtue fires, and merk's* moft elleem'd. 
Such wiiie remarks your generous pafTion ihow» 
And hence perfedion '\% your choice we know, 
Thofe fportOBs charms with common lovers prize* 
(Whofe judgment ferye alone to pleafe their eyes) 
Create fuch hazards of the great event* ' 
So ioxnc chttfc joys, and others diicontent* 
&ut here the catara^ of love's remov'd. 
And amorous blindneis is to light improv'd : 
Happy the nymph with fuch refolves poiTefs'd, 
But happy thrice is he, with fuch a confort blcfs'd. 
' Q:. i>0 ^Htes think t 

Ji. Tho' many ingenious philofophers have endea*. 
Tour'd to fblve the anions of brutes by the power "o^ 
snechattifm,ye)t. we think the enterprise of much the 
iame nature with that of folving the creation by ine* 
cbanical principles. Aftid tho' the abettors of them. 
both may be nr from deiigningly derogating from a 
fupernatural agency i yet we cannot but think, tbat 
their proceedings bear too near an analogy to the £^h 
fstrean or Iftgretian hypotbpfis. And tberefoce we per* 
fuade our (dvch that the.JPialmiit had another notiof^ 
of tba thing, than that, of only viating matter anil 
■ imparting motion to. it, when in a pious rapture ho 
elegantly exclaimed, Manifeld are tfy ih^^ O fjord > m 

wif4^ hafi thm madi them aUi ' 

Since 



102.9 7ii British Apollo* 

Since we ice tbe rwoos fignatora of reifbii In the- 
adions of brates to ieaj that thef art didowed with- 
reafon, is more irratioDal tfaaa if a phyfictm fhocdd 
behold tbe federal c o aoirr i ug fynptoms of a difcafc# 
aod yet unaccountably difown the confeqoeiiee. The 
late naturalift Mr. lUy acquaints us; that he has been 
bimfelf a witnefs to fticb contrivances of a dog, as 
are unaccountable by reafon, without tbe fuppolsd of 
their being rational creatures. And Sir 9§^ttm T)m* 
fli's account of a iiirprizing parrot (9nd they, who 
will allow birds to We reafbn, wtli not deny ft in 
brutes } intirely orerthrows the beft laid principles of 
mechanical operation. And we could give a relation 
of fttch a fucceffive ieries of management and fore- 
fight in a fox, as cannot be accounted for opoiii any 
other prindple than that of reafbn. 

Upon this account it is, that fbme logicians have 
rejeoed that common definition of a man mum^ m- 
ti»mU i and chofe rather to define him hj rnnhmA 
reHiirfum. For tho* brutes are ,not void of reafbn, 
yet they have not fuch a degree of reafon as^ to ren** 
der them capable of religion. And this it was (ss we 
are apt to think) that put Jtotf upon forming that 
fingular definition, Homo eft Mrnmal imfhtme, btpn : 
Man is mi unfeathered, two Ug*d mum»U Upon which 
we beg leave, by way cf digreffion, to prefent you 
with a comical relation. ^ 

Viogenesy that moroie cynic, who was no friend to 
Tlato, becaufe of his courtly compliance with the 
world* intending to ridicule tiie foremention'd defini- 
tion, intirely llrip'd a cock of his feathers, and throw* 
ing him before his ftrhol^rs, farcafifcaliy fiid, Hen^t 
FUfo*s man. 

Some will tell yon, that the fitmtngty rations] 
aftions of brutes proceeded from inftind. But if you 
ask them, what inftidif^ isii uniefs they allbw that it 
is reafon under another dtroomination, they carniot make 
you anyTational-Tcply. Inftinft therefore, as too ufu-'- 
ally taken, As more precarious, becaufe more abfiird 
than, the hypothefis of mknomt or Utm camfes r an 
^ hypotheixs 



STZv. British Apollo, iojo 

bypothefo fcain'd oQix to be a tkrem to ^ociiuice. 
But to tell jo\h wh0C we uadevflMd by in^in^, our 
opumn is, tiiaC it is mfotk iq geaoral, but in iboie 
Ci'Cttufe& itore particgubfjjr cktcrmiQcd to ptrticubr 
objc^. la woicii letter tefpeSk it is, wbac wc call 
in. mea a paiticukir gcoiai. Aad finoe w« may fre« 
( mcatly oMrve. tbat iafne.men of bat oommoa rca« 
too* cxcdl othcra of uacommoa parts io fome partica- 

\ brs i wocaaaoc wandir» chat.ioiiK of tlie. inferioar 
creataces fiivpais fnaakkid m their peculiar excelka* 
cies« and yet are fu beliMv ihcm ia tbeir geoeral ca« 
pacitj. 

But to tbet leemiof ii^>e8rtac»s of rcafiia ibmc aro 
readj to ceplft tbat aa Almightf power can fo mo- 
deJize matier aod aaotioo* as to malce tbeir eSc&s to 
rcicmble tbe confi^icofiei of Jvaftn* Bat we cannot 
djilcnible our opinion, tbat there ieeuM to us to be 
ao utter iacapacitjr ja tbe£tb>eA« .Aod if there be^ 
it cooftquentjjr cfmgfi tbe action with nothing 
lefs than, a plaio coattadiAion. But to &fi that God 
^n do wihat is cpntrtdidonj, isfoBa from aflcrtiog 
bis omnipotence, tbat it iiicu«l/ defirc^a ic» aod con* 
?erts it iato mere impoteoce. 

'Tis true, aa over-ruUug providence by a continual 
influenceaad diro^on* can undoubtedly- fo determine 
the organa of bnites» «» to make, thett. ,pf odtioe eon* 
ftqueDces no ways dJflbnant to the effinSspf rcaibn. 
But £]cb a coatinual inAucnceaod dtre6Hon^m what 
the defeodors of the mecbanifm of brates whU not infift 
upoui And yet if they didi tbirone thing were iuf* 
ficient to confute them j namely. That it is the pro- 
pertvof wi£iom to wSt by the niioft caTy and fimple 
aaetnods* 
X But the qucftion is ufuaUy ftarted^ What then be- 

/ comes of the ibuls of brutes, which gre confcquently 
of an immaterial fubftance,. after their feparation from 
their bodies ?. To which we return the cuftcmuny 
reply i What, if God aambtlate their ibu}s,.when thqr 
have ierved tbe ends of tbeir Cieation, when their 
Maice; hat ao farther aft for thcmi aod coafequeotly 

00 



no way diff«ff8g*s hw dWii worfcrtariflMpr by reducing 
thtem to thefr primkivc ngo-cxiftencc ? 
' Bat- what, the* he do not aonihiUte their Cauls, 
Cm'wc ptiriy mortals pret^d to fay, tbat God can. 
not difpofe of the ifouls of brutes in the boundlefs re. 
gions of infinite fpace ? That he niay not have ii(^ 
for them, tbo'lntirdy infcrutable to human intellca? 
To deny the poffibility of fomc unknown difpofal. 
What 18 it but to Gtj, Thzttjod^stbhiigbts are ms mir 
th&ughts, and hi$ vpofs as our woffi itkai cur Cnmcr is 
niecgetker fiah m ene as our fdoos f- 

Q^ iVe read in Genefis, chtff,\. ver. ]. Jifdt G$d 
€rea9id the heavens and the ea^th, "Brian this text, di* 
^mes colleS the ere^ien of the world ex nibilo. Nem th^ 
J dan*t in the lea^ douht, Sue^ that there are §ther texts 
of Scriptures from rohmce the otiotion of all thasgs ex ni« 
iiilo ^ Ood m/y Sefairfy am4uded i^et thero appears tt 
me, no neeieffUy ^ underfiarutiitg thif text m that fenfi. 
Wor fi^fpofifg God badfrtsn^d the vatrld out ■ ^ fra^iftent 
fMtter, the tpmd H'^Il> iMph is hrrerenifer'd create, 
ihmgfte^iemly applied in the lU^W -originMl, tofignifie 
atker a&ions and tffeBs than a predu&ientxnihilo) might 
have Seen properly us'd 6y the infi'tred writer to figmfie 
fuch an opertition, and is fi far from 4iuejfaril^ ins flying 
•a produffien ex. nihilo, that-a^ii ajfrm^d netfor to have 
-teen wtder/M^in /hat fenfe kythe Jewis thet»fel%'4s f 

A, 'It is confefaM, that the word' ^eato, does not 
"neeef&rlly import a produdibn^e;if)»t^i2».> 'And in cv> 
^^ncA of this, fotne may be- ready to alledge thofe 
words in the kmechspt&t and God armed trmn, &c. 
For man was created out of praeexident matter, namely, 
out of the dufi of the grounds But this paifa^ is no 
proof of the fignification of the word, (ince as man 
-is a compound ci'fitA itji iody/£or\\itttf[t&ofk may 
bear allufit)!) to the former, which wa« created out of 
fiothiffg. And this particular allufion Is confirmed by 
the fubiequent Word», in his oven image i which muft 
be aliowfti to ha^e dt ieaft a principal reference, not. 
to the body, but the foul. But tho' notwithfiandiog 
this, we agree with you,. that the MxtA create f » of 
X an 



9%^BiiiTisH Apollo, io)) 

equirdca} import » aod tiat, were there flothiog 
eiie to determine the matter, we could gather notbiog 
more with any tnanner of afliiraiice from that cxprei^ 

tban that the divine hiftory ifirft relates the creation of 
the world in general, and then deicends to the variouc 
particulars of that creatioo i jet the fubfequcot verfcv 
cietermiiies the preceding one to a more ftrid* a more 
particular acceptation. For when Mtfes in the drSt verfg 
makes mentioo of the creatioo of the earth, heiromc*. 
diatel/ iubjoyns, 4»d ibe earth was without firm, mi 
mmdt even after tAe creation fpectfied before. Whence 
he hiAorically informs us, that God firft created the 
matter of which the earth was formed* and then d[« 
gefied that rude» ill-fhapea matter, into fo delightful,* 
ib beautiful a fabrick. 

Q^ / btvtg in a arttiin plact^ heard two ferfins^ viz* 
K' and B. emtttndmg &ne with the other, concerning the fiuls 
i^ good men departed this life, A. fnid, That they went ta^ 
beMrtioif. B. defied to know where that place was, which 
wa call heaven i which was anfwered^ in the regions above z 
Bett B. affirmu that no mm can mfwer the' queftieni , 
therefore I being afuhfcriber, thought it not am'tfs to fend. 
t9 you to have your opinion where heaven is i 

ji, B, wjs i^ery much in the right, when he af^'. 
firmed, that the ^oelliOQ is unanfwerable $ for as the> 
Scriptures are filent in the matter concert) iog a local 
faearcA, fb reafbo cannot ib much as of!er at a guefs. 
AU tlierefore that en be iaid is, that heaven is there 
( wherefoever it be ) where God diiplays the bcatificic 
viiiofi to departed £iints. 

Q. j^bout> two nights ago 1 was in company with /hmi 
Gewttmen, and among other difcourfe, a difpute arofe lon^ 
eermng the P^pifta worjhipping the hofi. One faiJ, it waa 
Idolatry i and another: denied it : Now there was givem 
an both fides for the confirmation of what they faid, buA 
neither ef them being confuted, I apply xny fflftoyoyr oroi 
ciif to know which ^ them was in the right f 

A' Idolatry is to pay that homage to a creaturer 

which is dae only to the great Creator, whoU Gedover 

VwL. IIL Y y aUi 



Mp SieffeU fit ivtri-'tnd Cidh ^n tequige ii ufuzSf 
IBi'd dirihb homage. Af tbetcfate Cfarift'i body is iici 
otlrer tbaft 8 cfcatare, it necei^iiy fotl^ws, tfaae m 
1^7 ft the afbreftid holn«^ omhot po£y>iy dcape the 
cecfure of idolatry. 

Q;. May marrisge h reitfraud <fnm $ktm okc$p witk^ 
mtt offence t0 God t St, Paul'i txpreff^is, An thou hoM 
from a wife, feek is6c a wil^ iScc. 2^ m i Tim. ir. 
i» 2, ^, hejpenks, ihtt in the Jaeter tiipe^ ibme AaUr 
^epart from ihe ftith, gfirtng heed to fediiciog./pidts» 
, and dof^rkies of deirils. &c, fo^biddiDg to tmrn-y; 

Ho» (to me ft afftars)' tkey wbf fbt6id Hi» fim^ 
me »s is above ffecified, "Bray recent the fame byyettt 
ta^byafs'd judgments f 

A, Your firfl quotation hota St. Tatd is not a pre- 
cept or command (as may be plainly gathered from, 
the ocher wrhfngs of the lame Apoftle ) but barely the 
a i vice of a prudent coanfellor. And as this advice voxf 
l^ar reliation to Cbri^aAs of all ages* we beg leave to 
r^efent the fenfe of it in the fuceeeding parapbraie. 
" You, who have the< gift of contfflenee j you, tm 
*< whom it h given to forbear a repeal mafriage ; joa^ 
**- if you will be ruled by me» if you wiU follow the 
<^ dirc^ion> I would willingly prdferibe* yoa will noc 
'*^ again intangle your ielves in a date of matrtmooy, 
*' nor be willing to be a fecond time ifnmerfii'd in 
** temporal concerns^ but rather embrace a diienconi- 
'* bred life, that you may fludy how to pleafe, sot 
<< your wives, but the Lord, and more iotireJy dedi- 
;• cate your fdvcs to your Maker's fervice. 

^But^we may confider too, t^t this advice was more 
particularly feafbnable in thoie perilous, thole paie- 
cuting times, when the iingle man was by fiir the 
bappiefl i the fingle man who iiad n6 w^e (that en- 
dearing relative) no children, (thole engaging d^- 
ances) to tempt him to apoftacy for their iecurity: 
The Hngle man, who though he had enongb to do to 

frovide for his own fafety, yet rejoyc'd in this, that 
i$ foUjcitude was confined to fuch narrow boundaries. 

Your 



r 



7Tj$ British Apolc^o. lo^; 

Ycmr fecond ^otatioa refers not to iecond tnar^ 
riage5> but to a marriage flatp io general, wbicb wa^ 
utterly, condemned by feyeral herecicks. And Mpifha'* 
mm tells us» that this paflage in St. ^aul was verified 
in tbe Qu^^hj^ts^ an beredcal &6t, wfaofe principal 
promoters were Bht^gmm. Bat there were hereticka 
more early than tbeie Caf^fbiy£iJi (for rhey beam 
not to a^ear till the iecond Century) who forbad 
ittarriage ms an unlawful ilate. 

Q^ X 4kfir0 tkt dijkmm and difimBifm letWHU^ th^ 
ihrd$ populate, 4^ depopulate $ UcMfo mtfl Eng^ifli 
WHrnmries fam to ^hwMt th^umfenfi of the firfi word I 

A. As for the definition you dtkte^ we muft ex-^ 
<Q£e oar felves, finoe definitions belong not to words^ 
but things : And as for tiie diflin^ion between tbem^ 
.there Is none at all i for they, both fignifie to dffpeo^ 
pie, ravage, or lay wafle.: They derive their origins^^ 
fmAtMin wordsi^ and retain the £igoHicatiofls analon 
gobs thereunta To. populate* comes from pof0d»f(o^ 
ptff$d9r. And las .tho^ are derivied from fofttlatts, iim 
people, oob vould'be a|it>.itajjeedio.thiiib» that thejr 
ihoold figiifie to people, and not difpeople. Bdt ar« 
bierary ufage has jocifeaioiended them to ut. under a 
kind of antithefis % that is* has ftampM a 6gnificatloia 
upon the derivative dire^lf oppofitc to Jthat of the 
ptimttive. And Aha' vqrbsicmx^iiMioded of the pre* 
pilkton ^r» u£tdly are of a ^^ontAiy imp^ to their 
ftnpk origittabi yet tbttit is not abvays^foi is oW« 
iag to the foreAid arbitrary^ uii^er Whende it U, that 
f^Ur^nd dtf^f^tf figntSe the fatnel 

Q^ Whut ian he th€ mm^^ tbof i^^f9tmg Jjidjf JhM 
dubtifi biti^ Mt the ndtt^g («r fi^t) of one ptrticuhr 
CSmttUmMn i Naft, if if9 oomfMnj^ mi mver fe enerfy, if 
htr^^pfms n: seme in^ fin m^Mhm^Sately « ^hAgrm 
dm^i^mutnot 4mt\wm'd mut^ te^fiy, . J iutvt<:an mttr9\ 
fneiMnP viik \$ke Lddy^ md doeut m the leafi Miev^. 
her Mfntdm to^froind ftom l^evfoi^ rnyfiriBiff firtttiny^ 
gitfofmi tmt « d$^md^0elece is laertt^andant i! 

^A. The* reaibn of tke Ladv's miihrs at jSght, or 
^namfcig of that perfto, m^it be front (oicralcaufes, 

T7^ T^* 



lo^tf 73^^ British Apoi-i-o. 

fte Gentleman n^ight at Tome time have CM fomt* 
<!lfag which might ihoek her modefty, which the iigk 
. or name of him might recover to her memory : Or 
hj accident, he nhigbt have icen her in fomt manner 
Ihe never deigned he fhould. But we rather believe 
thoie blirihes might arife from lo?e. As to the fcf«« 
tiny you have made» many lovers have concealed their 
fiffi<m m defiance of the ftri^eft icruttny s an inftaooe 
whereof happened once tb the knowledge of a Gen- 
tleman of our fociery. Some Ladies ittfpe^ed another 
Lady, then in the houfe with them, to be in love with 
4 eertaiti -Gentleman, from thofe very tokens you have 
^iven, but (he denying it with a cold indifFereocy, 
they were refolved to try an experiment, Koowii^ 
the Gentleman on urgent bufinefs ^as to be away a 
fortnight, they contrived it ie, that two Gendemea 
^as by accident) fliould come to them with burial 
favours, who ( upon asking who(e funeral they were. 
%t) ihould fay, as before iaftruded, at that Gentle- 
man's who died fudd^nly. They did as inftrudled, 
opon which the Ladies tH cxAr then* eyes oa the fuf- 
pe^ed Lady, but (he appearing no more concerned 
than if the Gentleman iMid been whoHy- a Granger t9 
her, they di/mifTed all their fufpicions, and partedcom* 
^ny. At fbpper tkne, the Ladies being all called to- 
l^ther, this iJuly was mitfiug, on which th^ went 
<Dherchambcr«butltndfngthe key within, after mack 
linocking, without any anfwer, they brokt open the 
door, and fcmnd the Lady had hang'd her felf in hec 
garter ^ upon which, the Lady who contriv'd that 
unhappy thought, went diflrad^ed i which may be a 
^rning to ali, howthey try fuch dc/jjerate evperimentr* . 
' Q^ I Mm M ypungi^Mn'rf 27 yeMft if Mgi^ mod am 
wmh M^mt 300 1. Ihmtfi a/fHmg tbit^iit, Md bif$ 
me lime or other toheei'cmffukrM»mumy yet mt frefim 
I have notaher ziem-oj behg fo; kit fkat of tMrrymg « 
frodighp(> fortkne, I don't kke «r fildier*j Hfoy ttnd tbtrO' 
fore ril not 'venture.on H a Ar.d m to fttrmtitg^ M I. 
huve l:^'-> mcft 6red'to that of any thing, h is nq ttvtt' 
JwKi s^a I wtwa iiaereji tofut tneimonjttvU'mtlLym^^- 



?i&tf Britisw Ai'oLLo. rc}7 

' ' Kow upon th iMe mattir, I fki nv^'mg ^t mMtri" 

tmny likely to Miter my amhitm, and I jUttir my filf I 

jfljall gain my mis thtrtby, though I mufi w« / did ence 

mtumft it, by going to tSe frnme chmch in tho €U0ify, tba$ 

M Ltidy did ef * C9f(lidefAMo fortune, groat virtue, and 

charming beauty, I igled her there, as I did in all other 

fublick f laces I could jeHfer, without e-^er joking to her ^ 

^utjhe^too fom dtfcvoered 1 hadga/fC^d and taken mico of 

her, and prevented my doing fratr/ mere* by treating ma 

ttfter an unufual manner; but aU Ladks may mt be fo 

■crtteU Therefore, Gentlemen, fray give me ymr &finioen 

whether my ambition is ill grounded f whether ftranger things 

have not hafpened^than my making my fortune to. a great 

degree by marriage f and whether my- friends, beeaufe ImU 

not give them the caufi, have renfm te fay, I am whim- 

ficaly ignerantly proud, and ambitious t 

As you advife me, fo I will either decline or ccntinue my 
frefent opinion, of^foUofwfuchrtdesor dtreBiom that you Jhall 
think Jit to prefcribe i and I heartily dejire your thoughts con^ 
corning it* 

' A, Look upon this vanity of yours ( Ambition \% 
too noble a title for it) as an impulfe from your evil 
genius : for fince Momus rather than Mart is your af- 
cendant, tod youdurft not venture into the wars, you 
inuft never hope for acooqucftovcr a fair lady's hearts 
They aflFcift only the brave and bold, where there is 
neither birth nor fortune to plead. Do you think, 
hooping and hoUovwng after your landlord's dogs mu- 
fick to charm a lady's ears? or that your skill in fat- 
tening fvvinc, and caring rotten (heep, will perfuads 
her into an opinion of your addrefs and gallantry? of 
your knowledge in dunging land, render her kindnef« 
to you proUfick ? ov all your father's team's of oxen, 
draw her afic^ions after yoa? no, no, you are popt 
out of your element, from which, wbilft you wan* 
der, you muftexpe^ only fachdifappointmentsasyou 
Bave met with. Therefore wc advife you, to return 
to your farm, to lay out your 300/'. in (locking your 
groundfi and to difmifs all vnin thoughts of greatnefs. 



10^8 7i^ Brutish A?ollo« 

Q: I »0uU Mfire fp \fmmfnm vhmc$ the w^rj icot< 

fret is dfriv'df 

A* Suppofc your felf exempt from paying fc9t and 
In, aAd yo}irx>V9n good famuu viiWanfmtifypur qtiefim, 

Q, 1 don*$ doM^t butfome of yow ingtmom ficiey hav$ 
fiiutim curious wjiiteeaao^cird worki^Mr. George Pfai- 
ma&aizaar. jiffir 4ho beauty ofi^. Jam Me onough top$Jgt ; 
Stafirthigoodmeisandhudaets^ U, I fimid bo gUd t^ 
b^voApollo's opmiotf, 

A. We cao experimentally afTure you» that it is aoc 
only quite z&Sti$u$sfidl, but Cfery WMyasgood, and ^d^ 
as wbat it done in the jE^- Indies ; and in one point &i]l 
more exquiiite f for whereas the JMan Jafsin will break 
or peel away* if (Iruck with force againft a hard bo- 
dy» Mr. ^i^«MMX4Mrh«s contrived a way, whereby 
to lay his colours on with io much firmne& that they 
can ^ no ways liable to the above-nam'd inconveniencj. 
Q^ fif1M> isfbi beft way togeP tbo love rf « jioHn^ gmlh^ 
Mim/m who is fitnoU ing cay t 

A. By a0eding the fame humour. 
Q^l090tt JhmUam(^»rf hofmsrdo, tiunhbwdSyaU^ 
djh smd iovos Mofher i for if he fiews sm indijfereitce tober 
ih$t lovfsjum, i$*s mi of/lyiil-Sreedim, hut illnsuare, Ner 
tMn he remove his Mimtion from her he loves, /he being 
ess msschsis love with him* 

A. Sir» ifyou never addrefs'd the firftj it oanoolybe 
termed goodnature to requite herpaffion with yours: 
but your paf&on for thelail gives us ground to believe 
you have addrefs'd her, and (hat her affir^ionia theeSe^ 
thereof i if ib. your honour is there abfolul^ly engaged* 
the breach whereof alone caor^Hc^ m) your good br«d< 

Q. According umypromifij imM^ Md to troubUyen 
with thefe fewUnes. Tost knnf, thsst Ife^yoH 0whiie Mgo 
M queftiont to know whether thefhgke wm poifaioteeer no, vhuh 
WMssmfwer^ditt Britiih Apolb in k\. No. 7 7 . wherein Ifnd 
yostr opinion was hchningr that thofnnkewss 90$ foi[oneM9» 
by yoftr nosninnfing. the mew thni deals in themv andliktf 
wife I wa4. of the fame oij^man till now. Btsi to retstmto 
my^ofyi there wm a gentlemsn rfffjy acquaintance ufH 
^ :"• " . \ "•. to 



foketf tt/mh in n box for hkfmuf, atui €V9rf niom^f 
Mfid to give it milk > m» one tmrimg lot gavo it/ome tpilk 
as hi W4S VMtf t^ Jo, undthon btmg akttli kft, and hit 
JMtfitmdMghy^ ho fttt it dottu to hor, t^n the dmimgtf 
it, itnmediatefy/he Mtift4^, tmd ilied. 'JChis i u^ it^^fi^^ 
ufon dtfring in aw^ofyottir papers to kwnp the atahv oftcisUtttrm 

^. Suppo^gt^e loaucr of iiidi to be truCf stmxybe 
ofiRsr'd* that a rmall portion of the ialival juice of the 
ioake may be imermiJc'Jwirii the remainder of the roilki 
and thp' it iaoot commonly found ib hurtful* yet may 
it prove fo volatile, or caufe fuch a fermentation in the 
ftoroach of the car, as may produce inordinate motion* 
of thefpirits, turning to madnelsaod fufi^Dcationa. 

Q. pTMylit mo knom tht i»#4MM0f</ this proverb, An4 
bow it became one i viz,* kt us iet round and iquare, like 
a dog's elbowf 

A. The meaaiog of the frovtwb is to put a trick upon 
AfoUp, and it firft became one, from the whimjtcalfrodtte"^ 
$ton of ycnr imagiaatioft* 

Q. P0fy isthofo\irofc\vih% calUdWintwoH Witch f 

A From one yamtf Pfibiing, who in th« reign of king 
ymifos the firft grew rich by frivate gatning, and was com^ 
ptaoijf obftrved to have the card^ you mention, in kia 
liaqd, flud never iofbagam^ but when htmifi*dit. 

Q^ Havifig coHverjktim with a lady for y m* 8 Vtartf Srph 
apiece ofgoldpgiviag her the one btdfi as a pledge^ to be jtifi ta 
her at long at we both Jhotdd live, Jhe received it apon tha 
fame accmat; giving me her word to be the fame to X0«, if I 
wottid promije tobe true ^o her » and 90t keep any other womam 
iompany, I agreed to herdemaads^ and was ever ju/i $a 
hor. And J do pftbhekly dedare, my thoaghtt mver firof 
sd.from hoTf and the morel enjoyed her company, the better 
J hrued her, I was always kinit^ her^ and prefented Jter 
with very noble prefents^ and fitpported her in a great degroa 
when jhe was low in the world, Bnt a relation leaving her 
a legacy of ^oryoo' 1. Jhe began to flight me\ andl fmca 
falling under hmdrcttmfldnoet, eotddnotdo as formerly, jha 
hff^s iptite left andforfiken me, I ftrive all Icon to pat her 
90$ tffmy thot^hts^ butfhe has wreHgbtfach an mpreff/gnnpr 
ontnyhtaf9,tb^l9annittellha9ttooo9$mnnijl(e^ Whar 

Yy 4 /^M» 



1040 Tl^r British Apollo* 

I tmnMiAiJ ahmii think tf her ^ wlnntiJUtf^ /h SJMs 

. m this eaftt and tfhkh vty IJhnUJmdrtlitff 

A. You ought to look upon the misfortune you now 
labour under, as the chaftilement of your fin forib in* 
timate a converfe with a woman, without the previous', 
the necf ffiry foleninity of marriage. Tou mufl aJfo 
plead guilty to the charge of imprudence too, in leaf- 
ing the perfbn, for whom hehadfbvaluahkan eftcenr, 
to theeoiharing temptation, of a wavering, an incon- 
ilant mind. For as every lin is accompanied with a fpi- 
ritual, fb are many with a temporal imprudence. Had 
you :Bin€tified your converfation with the nuptial cere- 
monies, you had been even ftiH in the happy poflcffioa 
of that beloved objef^, which has got (b intirean afcend* 
ant of your heart. To make your fclf eafy thcreforeon- 
deryour afRi6tingcircum (lances, thebeft method is to 
turn the profped^ to behold thedifafler in another view; 
to behold it as the corref^ion of a father. theAlutary 
corredlion of that tender father, »^ff fwrtthftfytm^ And 
'would you but conlider, that wereitnot forthc fmart- 
Jrig dtfappointraent you fo much complain of, you fcad 
probably proceeded in that unwarrantable courfe, and 
might therefore have been undone, undone for ever. 
'Would you but confider, that a gracious God has kindly 
though violentIy,fnatch'd you from the devour ingflamcli 
turn'd you out of that fatal ro%d/thM Utideth fc dejkuS'mi 
that leadeth down to the chambers of detuh. * Would you 
but consider, that God, even in the midft tf judgment 
^hasfemembredmtrcy\ that in as much as you are^m^it 
-you are chttflenedtfthe Lord^ that you fhould notbecandemmd 
'mth the world. Would you but conHdcr, fcrioully and fire- 
quently confider this, your uAeadnefs woukS gradually 
wear away ; and that which is at prelenta bitter cup, a 
cup mingled with gall and wormwood, wouki inpro- 
grefsof time be converted into a delicionsdraught, and 
become fiveeterthan honey andthe hon^ ccmh. Then yoa 
'would change your melancholy note, and be ready to 
cry out with the joyful Pialmift; f/i/GOODy^riRif ^^ 
I have ^nmTRO UBL B, that I mt^ ieamtfyftafueet. 

Mefart 



The British A^pollo. 1041 

jBefiril i»Ms trwUid, I went wrtn^y btu wm hmut 1 ktf$ 
thy r»wJ, Then you would acknowledge with the fore* 
jBciuion'd Ffalmift, that your »ffli&ionwas a favour^ 
:was a iignalfavour^OiLtfri^, thm hafidtdi GBiAClOUSLX 
mththyfirvant, MceatdmgJa tby-wenL • 

But iince you were both fofolcninlyeogag*d« though 
forbid £o cuIpaUe a&incmiacy,till marriage (hould have 
made it lawful, youareboundinduty to endeavour to 
ufe the beft»che moil prevaiJing arguments you are mafior 
of, in order to perfuade her to a compliance withtho 
commendable purpose of unravelling^ as far aa poflibic» 
the iniquit}( of your former doingSi, byaneceflary, an 
indifpenfible oecefTary jnarriage. And though from the 
oiufe of your uneafinefs, namely, her flighctog of you». 
you may have little expe^tionoffuccefst yet you are 
under an obligation of a icdulous application, fince 
whatever be the iflue,. you will thcQ have dtkuir*dy9im 

. Q:, At ther$pmtBmt when aU tht Hodiet tf mtn 4md 
»Mfen tbtkt have ihi*d everfitce the beghmngef the wenid, 
whether er m thty wiU dimmi/h the/utfMce ef the earths 

JL Sinoe ail meaat thsredeoeale return tothatdu(l 
of which they were at fird created, it confequently'foN 
lows, that when ailtbeicattered atoms of mouldered 
carcailes (hall be taken out of tbeterreftrial gIobe<i9Qd 
re-united into the fame individualbodies they were be* 
fore, the globe, (from whes^ they are takeo).cannoft 
be otherwife than diminifliM by: foconfideral^ afub* 
tradiofi. 

Qfi. Vf«^ give me rmfin^ v^ a rtizar (m frofy vemhtry 
difpedht hot Wfiter, aas Jemtut eMfier^ than hefere dipping I 

A. The true reafbn is, that the hot water rendertr 
$he edge of the raxjBf AimewhaC more fupple, or \t& 
brittle, and confequently not fb spt to be broken by^ 
the hair it is to be.cuh 

Q^ Thomas Hadn4tk ef Breoktborp^ ^ tmlis fiem^ 
Gloucifter, hufiandman (romhis j/omh te h$s death^when 
he was at meat, vfktet^ erfitrnmen, withm^deon » with* 
ent. when he eat, dtdfrnatt m me fide ef bk jkee uU he 
drcltk tmimi^M^tht othirl jbfdwbeMtWifkrdidtUwye 

^1% btu^ 



104* 3^^ British Apollo. 

fmn^t m the fitter fide ef hisfkee and My, »nd mi m 
$ha$fide he hid when he eat. Me died, ofm Paliy or Apo- 
plexy, abom the Sotbyear of hit agg, mofi people Mieve 
tf nothing hut old age. His vidom is fiUl iivittg. Ihh 
can beattefied by fome hmtbeds of tho pairifkioners* Bo 
tlied about 6 years ago. 

An We being not wiliiog to qaeftion the trutli of 
your relation, (becaafe particular conftitutions, asap^ 
pears by the obfervations of many learned pbyfi- 
Cians, iKive particular fyinptoms of latent diieafea* oe* 
ver diicovered but by anatomical (t>iifi^ioB d^<^ ^^ 
pprioa is dead, as Bonettts, Sehenkms^Worefttu^ and others 
baye oh&r?ed) are of opinion, that tho,Httd»ackmvA 
in fbme time of his life have been fub}e& to whatphy* 
£cians call MetrnpUgftttOt Palfy,afie^ing one fide of the 
body onljr, or at haft fomeriolent cold, which crunp'd 
aad corrugated the tendons and^ nerves on that iide, £^ 
as to came a ftifihefs in them, though not iafficicai 
io caufe ^ perfcdi palfy, at ieaft not obfisved bj^- la- 
bouring men an the ftrengtfa of their years, but carried 
off by work, and thcdifcafe bf repeared laboatyMbii 
dying day, might be kept off fcom being fiual U>him» 
Kow if fo, it'« plain the cafe nuft be oervpus, 
and the cauieof fweating in different parts, muftarife 
from different motions of the animal ipirits affedliog 
the nerves. If the parts fweat by excretion of frrua^ 
in kboul', 'tis no wonder, becanfe beat arifing from 
motion annates the animSU fpirita fb, as-to drive cue 
the ferum to the outward parts of the body by expa- 
fion of the pore^. But if the. parts fi^eat where the 
nerves have any way been corrugated, ,or • otherwi^ 
violently hurt, that fweat arifes by contraction of the 
nerves, as fweatfoUowinggreat pain is very commoo; 
by which means the fersstn iffues through the skin, as 
accidental!/ relaz'd, caufing what v' we generally call 
£oU fvHiutt 5vhich wo takc^to be the' cafe of lAtotfias 
Hadkack, who had.an cfiUx of fersem, called madoK^ from 
his face, cauied by ao~ irregular motion of the nerves 
m the face, or tendons of the mufcles (erving ta mt* 
^ication, iormerJy by fome caufe or other uoobferv'd, 

affc^ing 



Th Bar tisti A p o^s. t o. 104; 

a&ftiag tbeaervfscbereuotabeloogingi from whenco- 
proceeded iiis fweat in eating, difierem, we are apt to* 
beliere* from wbac proceeded from kboar» though 
you gave us apt the critical obfcrvatioapf the oature 
of his fweat. 

(^ Th9 ixirMrdm^y frti^^'m I hmfi ftewuid fr§n> 
yMT papers, inJttces me U tmMi ytu wi$b the nffiurt tf 
em that w^M ke prettd tf m» ofifwir fremfe mgemwi 
ficutjf. 

I defeindedfr&m s fomilf that wen heth indf nMtl 
smd great, thaiiih mtpat prekat under bntrndigerma or- 
tfimfiimceh ya avert'd $0 the gemiftd /Inpiditjt cf t» m^ 
digerent Ufe: fer then he fetch /parks efoBivsty andemte^ 
iatm mtbm me, a> render^my thetights uniafy. Mf jv-< 
niut prompts me tethe faUi frr if I htt read anf viSe^ 
rietts news, efhattiesp trmmphs, &c. Vmtrmfpmtdb^ftifU 
^. fi^* atdfiem elevated heymd tbt fiMMM fitekefht^ 
tnamty, 

Mtthmh I W9t$id adwmci mg fdffo ett t$ he fanfkt' 
ahU t0 my ctmmry in gmurak^ antd ta retrieve thi btfirerf 
m^ antifterh to he henefdrim ^ capimlvirtet$,ehmty,. 
ondtQ lead an tttthlemifi'd i^hefersGidtmdmmt. 

Ji* We advife jrou hj all means to cheriih thofe i^% 
of Vktttg, till they ftourifh, fo as to retrieve the glory 
of your family, and reader you an ornament to yoi|r 
country. 

Q^ Semg ym do fiat aUtw angels ta he ef either fix, 
why then is the ma/cttline title given them en aU oeeafim, 
whenevtr they appeared in former times, either to men tr 
women i 

A* Becaufe we have no other way of diftinguiibtng 
perfohs, than by the mafctdine or fetninine gender, and 
are therefore necefiarily obliged to give them the titie 
of the fuperior fex. 

Q, Reading yesir Apollo ef the tgthinfiantaheutwatett^ 
ffOHts, was willing to give yon this relation, thinking your 
avfwer wide from the matter. On the ^ ef Auguft lafi^ 
heing on hoard cm tf her Majeflfs flkps ef war, in the 
Ut, of 40, about j^o leagues vftmngfrem the burlings* 
httwten ko-and 11 tttloek in the forenoon^ wefaw 4^ f 

Y y 6 wMtT'^ 



1044 ^^ Britis^h ApolloJ 

• 9mer'J^ts si a gttMt Jifliinei^ mt^f wirieh tfan exfn* 

mdifuny hi^fst at the fume time cairn weMher^ andJU 

fmoiib^f but what tittle air there was, was abotti E. and 

&. N. E. mr eeitrfe N. and N. by W. the jfeut affem- 

ed'm the W. and W. by S. the great fiaiu drew nearer 

' ms, thai m half an hotsr we eetdd hear the rearing, and 
fee the /earning efthefea at the bettem ef the fpmt er fil- 

> idr, wtieb was ef a en^iderable thuknefs, tmd not very 
^gh, fredigwHs clmds ^ water f^ading from it, refim^ 
MVf the fiafe rfa vafi tree* New perceiving it tedram 

- Or^fiy Hfen us, and having no wind te wear ntr finf, er 

make way shhead, this tmcemmen enemy fHtthefaikrssOh 

' ekr a dreadful cei^ematien, being efcfinieni if it fheedd 

> emm athwart fhip, as it direBly fw^td, the fiif intercept- 
■ ing its cemmunicatien with the fea, wetdd catrfe that jk 

ef water that was in the clmd tefaUttfenestrheads, which 
' m all Itkeliheed mufi have been mr defimSien. Oter officers 
teek all the frecasstien imaginable, as furling the/kils, tiMking 
t^e the hatches, ftcuring the ferts, and the likei then tu 
feen as it came witfm gun'fhot,fiHd a gun withan S found 
. baU at it, srfter which it came (as near us I could guefi, 
in lefs than 6 minutes) uf to us^ the rosring fiill leffniig 
afttr the firing the gsm^ it fleajed God, tt enfy brujh*d 
our larboard qtsarter, and did us no damage, Itfiunga 
tretty deal of water into- our cabin^gaUeries, and as itpafs% 
could difcern it as it were ajlreng whirlwind incemfafstf 
ihe fiUar, gathering up the water when paft, ftilllejenifig, 
till about the difiance cfgunfhn it wound up its bottom 
and went away in vaft clouds. Now it is certain,^ the water* 
fpouts, moved for feme leagues without any wind or current, 
and what was, was contrary i which if caufed by fire wtdxr 
the fea, one would thmk^fhiuld abide in one place, andcf- 
ten be fua. at tfjat place, andfemefimes in the night, whieb 
mariners tell me never was heard cf. Fray yf>ur further 
< opinion, as alfo of the firing the gun, it- being frequmt ftif 
fhips t4>fsre at them rs hen they fee any near; nay, when the) 
have no guns, to bUxt a rutlace in the stir. 

A. Suppoliag the trath of your relation in all ffs 
moil minute circumft?nces, it fcem^ rather to confirm 
than inraiidate our opinioo» conccrzung tbe cauTe of 

the 



TieBviitisn Apollo. ro4jr 

the water- fpouts. For fincethey liappen ia calm wea- 
ther, and the fea being fmooth, ic is a plain argument 
^that they are not occafioned by any violent agitation' 
from without, but by ibmetbing within the fea. Tou 
tell us alio, that as it pai&d by, you could difcern it 
as it were a ftrong whirlwind. But what is thir 
"whh-l wind but air or vapours, violently breaking out 
of the iea ? And what is more likely to be the caufe 
of thenrfb breaking out, but that internal heat or fire 
contained in fbmc concavity of the eai^th onder the 
iea ? Tou add, that the water-fpouts you fkw moved 
for fome leaguer without any wind or current. That 
fliews ftill, that itwa« fomething from within wbich> 
determined their motion this way or that way, and 
which we may very well fuppofe to be fbme fuher^ 
wanenn heat or fire not fix'd in one particular placc». 
but at difierent. times kindled in different places and 
concavities oi the earth, and following the different 
turnings and windings of -them. As for their' never 
being fees in the night,, that may be called in que- 
ftion : But fuppofe it were £o^ that does not argue- 
there was never any at that time, fioce they may pafs. 
by unfeen. We think the firing of a gun may be of 
fome ufe by the motion it caufes in the air, whicb^ 
ipay caufe fome alteration in the courfe of thefe wa- 
ter>fpouts : But the blazing of a cutlace fecms ta be 
very infignificAnt. 

Qj By crder Vm goings 

As my name is James Lowing, 
With full fpee^ for to curry h Holland, 

Such a pacquet of letters, 

Which come from my betters, 
' That fome I believe go to Noland.^ 

To France I've a pacquet, 

I believe they don*t lack it. 
Tor it's full of hard worJy to great Lcw.'s | 

*Tis to put him in mindl 

He's of Pharaoh'j hind; 
^d that he'll tn the fen mfike £0^/ brewis. 

J 1^ 



10^6 The British ApoLLOb 

JUfe are futh ha/rjh mrmQ9$% 
That kei'll maie grimiftfesj, 
j&^fendfwhU grandfon witbft^d^ Sir i 
' To Jhev htm thtfe l^nes. 
And that Britain defighs 
Jim another dark Uffon to read. Sit. 
To Rome Vve another^ 
Tor new there's a pother* 
'£out waging a way vtth. theif fm i # 
I beUeve^ and do think, 
Thire^s a damnMe fiink^ , 
And the hnferor woti't kifs hit fees ^ 
ffith all/peed novo 1 
To yotir god/hip do hie, 
Te kneip if yok've aty to fend : 
Jf not, would you dejke. 
Oh ! thou Uarned great fire, ^ 

That your chariot voh would to mi lfttd» 
A» Was not Phaeton's fall 
An example to all. 
Who WQpld meddle with things too &penof i 
^nd are you £o fub]ime» 
As our chariot to climb, 
When a cart won't appear too inferior ? 
But to you, as a friend, 
Theic io(lru6lions we Tend, 
That you'd forthwith dcCifk your legation ^ 
Left the letters you bring. 
Should procure you a fwing* 
Or at leaftwife a Bridewdl collation. 
Q^ Te glorious bards of raee divine^ 
Look down, and to my words incline > 
On yon ParnafTus hill I ftood^ 
And faw your wits, ^if, great, how good 
One I would be i but ah ! nrn*t, 
Tet ftill TUfJon't deny this grant, 
I labour under a difeafe, 
O quickfyy quickly lend me eafe ; 
And tell me which Vd beft to do^ 
To run to iCfcuIapius, w you ? 

A* Sinct 



7%^ British Apollo. X047 

JL Sioce your dtfoifk you thus dcciare. 
We grieve that you iq pirA/e are ^ 
You muft to JEfcuUfmi go. 
For l^hitbm will be much your foe \ 
Ihat curing God will mcod your ail, 
IVe cure the htaiy and i^ the T ■ 
Or if ^e will not mind yoiir letter. 
There's Mtrcwy can do it bttur. 
hioweveVr friend, one cautioa heed, 
'Rhitne rvener, if you ]«ope to ipeed $ 
For we w^tefliek'^ to lee the lines, dear farotfie^^ 
Speak /y^(i^ at one end. ^od the p^mmx at t'other. 

Q. Why is tho north wind coldtr tifan the fouth ? 

Jl, Becaufe we vC'KOTth of rhc ftm , and conic-' 
quently the north wind proceeds trom regions at a 
greater diflance from the fun. > 

Q^ // thert atjy ntctffwy ttfid$ vhifh providence ha$ 
placed a man w. that juftij renders fitch fer/on ridiculous f 
Is it net Beth uncl^rifimn and ttn^evermst to ridicule ^ man 
fir no other reafin, than orJjf hit 6ein^ fomo nectffar^ trade i 
Bttt a taylor aeing as neceffary a ioUing as aw other han* 
dicraft, pour can the ingenious ApoIJo Acquit himfelfofthe 
forementioned charge, for calling ( VBith the 'vulgar ) « 
rmylor, the ninth Part of a man, &c when for ought Jji 
ktiows^ hem^behathagoodmitUi andag/ood chrifiiantooi 

^. 'Tis £^ange you (hpuld charge a reBe^ioo upon 
our invention* which was mad(: before our grand* 
fartcr'i da w J \^Iiat v^C iai^ op tt, was only froni 
what occancn it firft became a jcft. If after we were 
tt^e with one. .who attacked us in the name of a 
tayfor. We ^xpedl to be cxcufed, iti taking the fame 
'liberty with others as they take with us. 

, Q^ What is the caufe ef halving a fimpU ttfon thti 
tongue y uind from whence dtd that frying come, 'Xlmt onet 
h^htold.a lye. And in anfioering it foon, yoto JuU oblig% 
your find, E. W ? 

j1, a pimple upon the tongue generally proceeds 
from fharpacfs or heat of the blood, floniach, or the 
like : Aud as lying U the common and unpardonable 

crime 



1048 ^^ British Apollo. 

crime of tbat member, fo is it moraily obWoM to 
impute any of its misfortanes to its dfences.. 
Q, Tm wits that ar$ fo gr^M^ 
I03ich tnttkes your papers takt^ 
I fray 9 refihe mi one qtufiton^ 
About a friend e[ min$^ 
Who informer time 
Did make great refdutiffu 
2> hii love be kmdy 
Ilare temfer'd, fweet mindt 
\Sid 0U thai could fleafe a fair mtUttt^i • 
But that lafitd Jhortt 
Wor h^s grvmn very fmart^ 
Jbfd abufes when^er he comes near henk. 
Tbereforet Apollo, 
¥er my brains areJhaUom. 
Refolve me, I fray, wh^t to do 'r 
Horff^ I may rule 
Ibis unmannerly fooU 
And I fhall ever be obliged to you f 
A, By alJ means, prithee write. 
And a fityr indite. 
Since there's rcaibn fufficient to blam« hior: 
Let it fotnt blank appear, 
As thy numbers are here. 
And 'tis twenty to one but thoii'lt (hame him^ 
Q, I am a mdom (and in Su/mefsy: 2!w firfons at 
this time court me for a wife ; One rfwUch is a T^raitf- 
man and in btt[mefs^ char of the worUl, and kvm me 1 
think in my heart. 

The other is a (Sentleman, at frefent out of hsfiiefi, as 
henefi charaHer, hue little or no eftate. This man Im 
Uve in my heart better than the other. I being a vndePi 
und hearing of your great fame in refihnng th^ queftiem, 
mofl huenblff requeft fouf advice^ which of theft ferfms t> 
make choice of ; they are both honefi toen, and I amrt'^ 
folved to change my condition t 

A. From the foregoing account,, two. mo tires ap- 
pear on the Tradefman's behalf : Fird, His prefenc 

proiperitj i and ficondl;* Ui^ n^ afie^oa towards 
. " ----- ^ 



7t>e British Afollo. 1049 

you. Dkenriffc, tliere art two mpre on the Gentlo* 
man's behalf: Firft* Hts good charader ; aod fecoodlj. 
Your hearty afiedioo tov^|ds him. Now the queftion 
is, whether or not thedcer hath any real kiadncfi 
for you, or whether his addrcfTes be not founded upoa 
fntereft ^ if fo, wte advife you to difcharge him> and 
cleave to the thriving and amorous Tradesman ; But 
if the Gentleman's pretentions be fincere. and your af- 
fection meets with fuitable returns* let kim by all 
means be the fubje^ of your choice, fince 'tis kve, 
and not riches, that ia apable of procuring the greatcfk 
liappinefs, 

Q. M. St, Evremont m hts wtrks uUs us, Thsu th% 
sifffirent nms of the kmgs of Rome> were frejiulicial t0 
the growth of the Roman y?4t#. Totsr of mm of the cafe I 
' A. With deference to {o great a man, we are hum<^ 
biy of opinion, that we may reyert his fentiments of . 
the matter, and not improbably conclude, that of ie* 
cond caufes there was none fo vifibly fubfervient to 
the enlargement of the liM9iNfjif/i/e, than thofe difie- 
rent aims and defigna he fpeaks of. BfimuUss (the 
founder of Rome) was one of the greateft heroes of 
the age i but his warlike temper fpurred him on to 
iueh bafky eoterpriies, as> were not tar froai proving 
the deftru^oo of bit new built city. In evidence of 
which, we appeal to hts famous cooteft with the 
SaMnest which oblig'd him to fubmit to very fevere 
conditions! For bis own feoirity put him under the 
neceflity of admitting the StUmes as fellow-inbahitants 
with his own fubjeds, and Tssms their King, as part* 
ner in the government. And as though all this were 
too inconftderable a di^ace, the Romam receiv'd the 
name of ^wrius ( a name very familiar to the ora- 
tors of fucceeding ages ) from Csshs, the metropolis 
of the SMnes. And tho' a^mttlHs ena^ed £omt good 
hiws, yet he left the Rgmsms but little better than a 
rade, uncivihVd, undiiciplin'd mob. And therefore, 
the prudent choice o£ N/ema PomfUitss, who was fon- 
in-law to the forcmention'd. r4f f«#, was llie fortunate 
oecaiion, that 4 fuoceilbr of the fime enterprising g;e-. 

niut 



fOfo 7 be British Apoxj^o. 

niut wth a aiarml R mmiut , 6id ai0t gra^ at the ter^ 
ritories of othrrs to the forfeiture ,of his owa* For 
HmfU, who was a inaii not of arnu. but Audy, asd 
endued wtsh aU the accontpliflimcats pf a peaceful 
priQce, reciaibsM the &Jirage difpofitiooof to fabje^4» 
fefifisd thdritopoHfli'd tetuper, ittftkutedfeliigiOQ, tliat 
principal bafii of alljgoreroaieot, and red^e^ the R^* 
tttsns to fb ezceUenr a conftfttttion^ as to leave them a 
robuA, tho' yet aa xoAnt ftate. But bad another Nums 
ittCceecVd tbi«» a* tedious fiicceifion of ona^ive peace 
might have tpo much ibften'd their uoexercia'd difpo- 
iicion, might hatre unbent their martial tea)per» and 
eiftthinated their Qtinds with Inxurianteale. But this 
Was happiiy prevented wi^en another RnmtlHs aroic, 
when JkUuiHt/Wuf wasieated ontithe throne. For as 
he could not but ohferve, that his people were now 
- ftrengthen'd and confirmed at home» and therefore bet^ 
ter prepared for acquifitions abroad; fo he refolv'd to 
ti:;in them up afrefh in the fchool of JkfAr/, and im- 
prove both their difc/pliae and courage by engaging in 
a war with a neighbour flace. And then he foon taught 
the inhabitants ofAlSa, byanintiredaftrndlfOQoft£eir 
city, that war and peace in an alternate, in aduefuc* 
ceflion,raay wonder/ully advaocemendergoverimicnr^ 
Tuiius left the Romsm to his Bicosflbr ^ams M^mmH 
in a very flouriihing condition, and able to make new 
additions to their envied conqueftt* Bnt Aaats^ as though 
he were confcious what advantages had acdued from 
the fore-mentioned alternations of war and peaee,ett-> 
deavoured to tranfcribe the pra<^ce of the pacifick? 
Uuma, ^nd notfuffier peace to ou&itiattrn. ^ But when- 
hh neighbours, fuppoifng hrm a coward, invaded 
his territdrics» he repaid the vifir \n an unwdcome 
manner, and made them deplore the raflmefs of their 
attempt. But tho' he encreafed the glory of the 2^ 
19940 arins, and obtain'd the chacader sif a great warr 
riour; yetwemaynotunreafbnaUyfuppofe^ that his de» 
lire of a "peaceful reign might fe far reftrain thefidlus 
of a martial flame, as happiiy to become the cauie» 
that he never made cxcurfiOiss bryoad liic length, ne« I 

vcr 



r 



7!&^ British Apollo* lojt 

ver ?«ntur'd furtiser than either prudence or t^ecedUf 
iPirould juRify his condu£b« Now Rome wa^ more 
than ever a terror to her neighboujrs, and able to bear 
jinotber iiyarr^oar PQ. the throne. Aqd there/bre Tar* * 
qumius Tnfcf4s uval'd his. ^redcccflbr, and conquer'd 
tweii^e difFfirent Corts of .people within the bouodarics 
of Jiufiay, Whence by the way we may obfcrv^e, 
what peccy conqucfts the R§man were in thoie eafjy 
days, though furpnzipg in proportion to the times 
^d' other circumhances. Rome by this time had made 
£o coniiderable a Bgjuxc among her jealous neighbour^, 
that (he wanted a king, who (hould be both of a mar- 
tial genius to maintain her conquefts, to chaftife r<- 
volters5 and withaU of a peaceful temper, to make re- 
gulations in the (late, to fettle her affairs at home* 
and not only make her equal to the acquifitions fbe 
was already mifirefs of, but prepare her alio for future, 
for greater ones. And that Servrus Tullus was fuch an 
one as this, was the very king fhe wanted i he gave 
{i^ificient demonfiration, \>y both his foreign and da^ 
^leftick enterprizes. Such was his fucccis in war, 
that he mtxittd the glory oF a threefold triui^ph: fuch 
was the model of his government ar home» that qo 
number of triumphs could equal his applaufe* For not* 
withftanding the battles whirb be fought, he To ad- 
mirably fettled .the civil conHitutioUi as to pave the way 
for Tarqumiui Suferlus to exert his a£livc, his afpiriqg 
genius, not only in def enlive, but oifendve wacs* 

But to confirm thep.remifles» we wou*djFeQHndyoi7» 
that the feverities the Romans afterwards underwent 
from Ftfrjinna king oi Clujuim, itx^ai l^^mitfji Jkiog of 
the GmIs^ from Vy'rrhm king pfJ^r^^raindtfrOtt) the C2iir* 
/^^^m/'tfo/, abundantly demon ftmte, th^ t^ey ow'd cot 
only th^ir fecurity^ but their gbry. to a cautioua ts 
well as a brave procedure » and that badxiot ibn!^e of their 
:!ngs beea ^.ki^pf C«f»j^r0r«i J^^//, tbey might have 
jn their ^k<^i^, not oi^ly as their paftetity dkiii^li- 
maMl at their ^ates, but within their waUa; . Aqd.%i 
further evidqi^ce -of tbU, v^e mi^ fiikftaoce tii> the 
'krave, bur j^ Jiibmmh wbo wtre&ch &eedy»rud» 

hafty 



lofi Tie British Apollot.' 

loAj conquerors, as to run themfelves out of breatfij^ 
as to outftrtp their own glory, and fatally out- conquer 

their own fccurity. 

Qi P^^^'ve me ymr of mm emarmng weaklywameif, 

hvmflr thi geoeraHty thtj have the firmg(^ children^ There 
was lateiy a gentlewoman of iny acMMmtance^ all ibetime 

' if her being mth child, was trottileJ every day, two, m 
three times a day, with ftruggUng hyjiericaifis, andfweeO' 
mg away much eftner ; yet now is deliver* d of m vnyjke 
hrf. All the time of her being with child, pto eat fo lit' 
tie vi&ttals as is incredible to believe, 
A. We wiH allow they often have ftrong children, 

' tbo' not generally the ftrongeft \ which may as often 

• proceed from the health and flrcngth of the father. 
And tho' a woman beofaweakconSitution, yet may 
ihe be healthy withal, bear healthy children, and bya 
regular courfe of life, fpin out more years than a ftrong- 
^r perfbn. But as to the gentlewoman here fpeciff'd, 
Ihc may be naturally very healthy, andhyftericalonly 
upon the account of childbearing, the expenccoffpi- 
rits towards the nutriment of tbe infant at that time 
io difordering her, and not the ill quality of the blood 
or juices. 

Q. Hwf, ffrtat Apollo? an whofrfowerfuljhrinft 
jinhttmble fuffliant begs your aid divine ; 
'Hhe yottth I love does every virtue boafl. 
And amemg others, that which charms me m(fi$ 
His coi^aticy : for he has hv'd before^ 
And the* the beauteous mmph is. now no more^ 
Xetftill he leves, and whatcaufisme new care^ 
Is; that he loves, and mufiUke me deffair^ 
Bta could Aurelia be recaWd again. 
That haffy fair, who o*er bis heart didreign^ 
Could jhe return in all her blooming charms, 
' And witfi an equal fafjm meet bis amts\ 
Even then, metlmks, I could beplea/dtofee» 
That be were bkft^d, wbat^er becomes of me% 
"Butfmce *tis vain to wifh what camm bo^ 
Ix^tuik tuo, bofw his gmf mAy be refi90fv% 
Oabow ntriovetbehfreftiat dem mmd b^htf^df 



\ 



Sic BuxTisja ApoLLdr lOfj 

Ji. No means can bwc the joath, 9r eafc hii puns* 
^Qt what ZMcinJa's healing weaft contaiof •* 
^one can the great affli^on fiir e remove^ . 
But fuch a gen'rous* fuch tnnfcendent love: 
Brij^ht nymph, proceed, the mighty curepurfuc^ { 
A.6t the phyfician» and the patient too. 
JLet virtue's lighc thy matchlefs worth betray,'* 
And wholefbme rules thy noble flames di^laj* 
So (hall the lover former (brrow ceafei 
And fo iMcinda too iniprove her eaie : 
So (hall the youth embraced recent fire^ 
And £o the oymph obtain her chail defireJ 

Q. T»o ymng gentUwQmtn tmd n^ ftlfbemgmemnpMif 

i»iih threi young Udies, Mbm$ twtnty yiars of age each, mui 

• difeourfing tf mMtrimotiy, tin Udies unanimoufy Mgrnd, tifMt 

4bey JhoM iifink themfehes huffier, iffnany'd, mf U h/% 

yoith their bui^ands, than ever to lye with them \ aUedg^ 

i»g$ that the chief motive to indtuo ier a one of them to 

ilker their JIato, Jhottid Ufor the corrverfrtim vhich s ORi- 

ftgalftmo am afford, iNinv, gentlemen» J begyotirofimmi 

whether fote really think they are to he faraUeltd inthott- 

ttiverfi, or vhethor thoyfpoko cordially t It is realma$ter 

4ffaStt $milhavee*ftef^dh m thomtfi modofitermo, 

. ji. Now perhapr, gentleman, you may think yoa 
have given us a happy opportunity of upbraiding the 
£iir fex, and rendering tfuit old verflde applicaue: 
Mitlieri no creddS, no tnorttea eptidem. 

But you are reaHy miftakeo. We have abetter o- 
ptnion of the ladies difpoiitions, and think them the 
produf^ of a (erious confideration, as judging (uch a 
Meeting pleafure altogether infatis£idory, inrefpe^to 
the icries or train of affli6lions> which attend itacoa* 
icquences. 

Q, From whence proceeds the heat of the liver i and who* 
ihirthis is the whole occafon if heat an^ fain in the head, 
and ttrntatural fiijhingt in thefofe, eJpuiaUf after ooiing 
and drinldog, or coming out of the cold to the fire ^ or mh^ 
tbor this dtfordir ar\fosfrgm afcorhttick taint, attd imfttsi 
rates -ef the Hood f 

^. Tha 



\ 



\ 



A. T&hfat of the lircr then proceeds frohi idiffro- 
derate cxcrcHH paflions of the tnitid, drftkinghotlt- 
qours: or itts caufed from chofcr generated or lodg'd 
therein, by* fonit c6ftf uftlon df the gail-bladcfcf, whence 
we m«7 fdrfJbnabfy fuppofe thtbteod flfficientl^f tamt- 
cd« and^paUe of creating the fymptoms aboretnen- 
cion*d, tbokigh other caufes may concur to. the fortlier 
produdiftff of them. 

Q; ^u the rich and the fo»r^ 
Lndi tMykKohdwhere^ 
Send qtufiiofis; rthich ii>eeklji you anf»efi 
I thought teo t might 
$me terfis tftditt^ 
fPhich is neither a lye nor romance^ Str, 
Lame VulcanV ffiy lire, 
Who trades in the firey 
And make Jove V invinfiBle thunder ; 
' £/4i Wot tbv'ingjdrs. 

He fell from the flars, * ' 
JRefufing Aright Lemnos to ptuifder^ 
Se*hg'»iUingto'rAife 
My firtune (me vfayt, 
A Udy of fortune I doat oh : 
Hoto fwy^ uticle Titan, 
Row I fhall gain f his bright onet 
iforf^'d like the wife men of Go tham. ^ 

A. And will notth^fcbrhs ' 

' ' •' Of thy 'father's kfgc horns,. 
^thj thoughw of ambition detain ? 
'"thy arm i> too high. 
To th* anvil apply, j 

'^ And forge not iucli ^hims in thy Brain. "* 
' Q. A Lady defies to know. why a Gentleman] a friat 
ef hers^ is always very cbijuettoherin his drinks and ntOet 
fo kt other times / * 

'-<f. Bccauft folly i« the common eff^flr'of dfun-' 

kennefs, and he or (he that pretends tb ad that part,' 

inay property be /aid to be either drunk, or dfcliribus. . 

Q; P0}y does a iold affeSi the voice fo as to make d' 

9san,Jmffe f 

wf. Bccaufc, 



.i4^.^Bc^)jre» as ar.cold ^i^Cc^.a rQughoQfs in^fbe 
tl9rjoiia^^][b,||]e;ii;.t^c pajQlis ^pin tfa^ lung^ tathe 
fbrmatioh of tlie vf>ice^ wfiifc rcwAqraltcd frgitT ihf' 
aipeutiies ,Qf tbe thrifvitc*. iXMlft . be. cooie^uentl)^' hfi^ml. 
|if prppoctipa tQ the. grcfiine^. of thoie alp^'^ittes; 

CL ^^^^^*^ ^nw th^ fi'Wito^ Rdfiie v^as not bulli 
ia ^Dfi da^ i Tourj, )• TrouHc/bmc. ^ . . 

Jl. Really. Mp, Trcmlifm^ .wq bdlc^ iiicfrtfwal of 
the fpoviri ypi^ meotioxu to^ a;cvor^;oolj; ilrcpgtbeacd 

there coul4 ^c^a^nly be lug^^ping; mpfc U«;ql^^ to excite 
a ^/r«i9/ perjevtrttnct andf elaborate afUpHcatloii to fV 
4/ii^7, tbaa ii reaiemb];ai;K;e of cbe fx^mfle givea uf 
in that pwerh. 

P*#//, Boileavii UpYiti^ cr La Fout^in/? ? ^, • ' , 

w^« Where fivtral fftrfau aw i£|. diiCerent* ways of 
writing, fevec'aily^ excelkat^ .'tisf patter >cry di^^^ 
cult to fay downrigHt wbi<^ is the,^^ F^ei^ ^ad you 
ask'd, which, was tha beft ^«r» l^rk, 6t drAtiMM 
foet, we had ca/ijy' ii^forrn'd y.ou- . ./ 

Q^ Hly Jhould pedfh fay when they, fie a loemm tl^if 
like, that Jhe makes their fnentis water; when Yu obftr-' 
mM^ thea vinegar, letfienst and other Jharp things ham^ \ 
^ that effeH t It it n^ av^ ill complimtnt td /^r teteii^ f 
l^jf. Not ac alls Madaai« fiqce 'tis not (har{\ things 
only, but. the moil temputious, the moft delicious 
eataoi^s which pi;o4uce..fucb fkniktiow in us^: But.thf 
faying is metaphorically deduced from the real cSott 
of that kind) caul^ by the fight of any dcfirodeatable. 

Q. Is /pitting frequent^ frejudicial to healthy and in 
what manner f 

A. Spitting is beneficial or injurious, according to 
the nature of the coQftltutioijj or ftate of the body. 
It is helpful in aftroatick, p^ritick^and corpulent 
bodies, and it is hurtful in thin, lean, heAick, or fe- 
britick bodies $ the retention of the faliva in tbefe 
laft being highly necefTary towards the diluting and 
rtfrigerating of the blood, 

a Q.f^ 



iof(S fbe British A-polloJ 

Q^Hiffdoes muttm ecolfitner thtin unj oibet fuiaif 

A. heam£s the fat of that meat is ot ajiafder coa« 
'fifience tinui the fat of any other meat. 

Q. Frsy uU mi th$ rmfm wkj^ wbtn mm s»b gn 
mt$ M em/kmfim, tb» Mr§ fo fst frmn king mad$ n 
Mrv tbtf tin fi M ms $bn nuMf m f 

A. The ffeafon is, beauu they are not Teally iea* 
fible of tibehr illaefs. For the hedick ixntt^ ^hich at^ 
tends confumptions, preys upon the body in foch a 
ddufive manner, as decays the patient with a (hew of 
liealth, hut certainly, tho' (lowly fends him to \a% 
grave, according to the ingenious Dr. Gmth. 
whilft meager ^Mpi gires a iilent blow, 
Her ftroaks are fiire, bat her advances flow : 
)^o loud alarms, nor fierce aflaults are fliown. 
She ftanres the fbrtrefs firft, then takes the town. 

Q2, H^rmmous hards^ whtft ih^ptenct imfnvis, 
Jffitf tnijf Albion'/ ranw, htt rurtU grcvfs i 
Tmr Urns, rvm mt {0 rujiiek) dotk in/jfire^ 
Th fing rfhawh/^ i$ve, ind fift difrf > 
Wih fawu reason md my b&omkfg years^ 
Jh tmqfm 4htf§ $tnmm^ mtdUfsfmrs^ 
Thm do inJUve my mind, my fnd difrefsi 
Whm wth thi lovely Dapfine / nm bUft. 
Ttu/irvili fajjkn to my fonfes bind, 
IPhm Jhi afpearsjhe over-awes my mind, 
AkW the virtttOHs nymfh is cmdefcending kind. 

A. Alas ! Fond Sir, how Arangely f ou proceed* 
Your odd requeft has fpoke yon young indeed i 
More like a novice than a bmJ yon move» 
y^hac! ask for renfin, yet pretend to iivel 



I 



THE END. 







« 


• r 










' '* <' 


1 , 








> • 




^ 




T 


• 

H E 


• - 



I N D E X 



1 , • ». 

' A PolloV MJJn/s to /^,/w^. * ^ paee i 

XxrAdam, Si. kvLlk\n*s4i9m.^Um 9 

^ps, w*y faow upom them {^ 

^^fAcks tn Apalk?. 4. 14, m.. ao, z^, .^8, rj-, «2» 
' J 14. «9> 130, idp, 178, 18*. i8^A*9, atj, 
^ #45-. af^J. ap4. W^i^Tllf. Hf^l^y^ Ji^S, a?^, 
'^^tTP.Jpo, 4oi* 4irM4«^i. 4^^/4/9, Hj9«» !-<»$, 

*^^hmtU0l quefllons. ai, ap, ^i, 77rt4|. ii£ 
ar^ i^7» i<54. 173, 18}, i]?4, i^, ,.3»^ ^I, 

M^ IS H withua pores . . Ati 

<^ ix. 7. an J xxii. ^.J/^^^umUFd ^ ^ 

y$^aniagttdsigenm(U,J9fHU,m^' \ " ^ 

<Ad^m, ^v htg cintinut in pttKihUfi , ^ 

xApril /w//. whence ^ ttifim ,^ 

iAfparagus, w(y affeajh mm . " ,p8 

T4nuriis, a quiftm on them ^ §^ 

jAnpcrica, who its firfi inhahiiffmt ii> 

^^3, why Jhmes it ,J| 

A^els if iikefl their Maker - , .' 'J?; 



^IT 



2 * Aficnpm 



\ 



INDEX. 

Ssrh, wfy h$t ' 898 



flUticul mmuit J^ 

^ Cnks, r^hy m Shrove- TodxIiTr ihmm 0$ . i^ 

Ci9&i/4f, why itki thifa^, th^"^ mdM . « iS 
Of«p«(^/, vi^ i» the Sanaamv SjU^tim^ ' . , |bi(k 

CNiif* »^4^ v«# r^ mark at him ^ 

dUekdds, why VHMr htms f 

fkUturtSf were all msJe atfirfk ^ ■ -9"^ 

^^prit, what mans ii • 5^ 

0^»' wiy ftmes its hair 09^ Mj^ ...... 3ft 

ChaUenge, hoiP anfwtr'kP 4* 

Oekfitetake, if preperh /M^ - . 54 

Chifi's temftatien, if real . jr/ 

Oi^tion, why heifs WW'^/» • x / 6£ 

Coniclian, why Jthaage edetsr 4f 

Ch^, why en cwms ferbid iellsng tlkmf^ * 8j^ 

Cnnk'dMh.ivfiff^emifiimlr ' 94 

Qa^iicles, why net read m thtenk^ pd 

Oa9J^ hew fee in the dark ^8 

CoiDcdian, // he the a0er er wi$0 loH 

Cfiv0eufnefs er freMgabty werfe i xf 

C^kMT, what is it 154 

CueMds^ when it rains sndflinh ^ i/t 

tJet^ehatien day, a feet^ 1/4 

€lttfi9 germam, may they mofff iff 

Chorea Sandli Vici, hew tiikf^ if 8 

» Corinth, i. 17. the memkag ef it \^K 
Gha^ity 4f St, Paul, the meaning x jiS} 

€(dtf*i w^, v^ daughter 179 

Gfeii/ m riu^am/ ^411^, 41 iptefilm 184 

Otmmen fraytry 4^ fl^^ x8d 

di^j^, where after his reftmefflae i8| 

Q^in, whence dmved * ip8 

<idehdar9'fii0pi^i^mt'li ^ 214 

Catbartifk 



I:NPE 

Cimfil them t0 e0mi in, tlnmtMXtmgrfk ^^9 
Cticks,e££Sp 0n tikn fitch . ^ ; xzf^ 
CbaQ)aeleon$» ktm f^Mjge cqUmt ^ . ,%zj 

Cmu» 9ky fur m ftroakmg 149 , 

C$U, wh0f ti/e caufi rfu ibid.. 

QtLiu^t fucrificiy vhy not fUafi 24 1 , 

C0xc^m^^ whyfo cMl*d <Z44: 

Ct4ck9Uhm, qttify ^ if ^ ^id^ 

Cftft^ 0n txtnurdmiay mf ,«^9' 
Qonjitringyii^thepftimfntortfig.. . . . %,^x 

Qfsfriff, whsu is ii .t9 b§jn him . zf^ 

Childy ham mtirkd ^ 26 1; 

dfmmiffitn, tffojf I k^ tm x6^f. 

I. Cor. XV > 29. the meaning lyS 

Chftflinge, a qtttftim m it. 28^ 
Clim^ericiUt yattr' tphuin .of it ... x8^ 

Ovtfott^fi^vcfim if. . . / . ^ 3P^ 

CMt\nim masle, ctm^it^ CMtPJ nn^ ^o^, 

Crttmp in young i'trdsy whnt 35*1'. 

Qi//» vfy 4jf»^f4^ with mwftm ^sS 

^[i tf C9nfiienc$ , j^-S 

ChamaBleoD, » thinfiuh a tbitig 375". 

CJ^ ^ canfriemo in tt^^k 3p5 

C0»iifn.^w» Rome, ^nU^Ci^ 404 
C4/i rtktmg to tfMffiek ^ . 41$ 

Co]». i* 2ow /Af mtmung 424. 

Cbolkk, 9hM$ the cnuft 42^ 

^. L 33. the meMning 43 » 

Chmthf if not heft te keep t$ ene 441; 

Csuuhmdesr whence their nitrnOim 44) 

Coftivtnifs, why i^^ the bet$d ibid.: 

Cem^ hm fentill n fterm ^4. 
Chr0, tttire trfjteti hie I2thjir4f^ . . 45-5^. 

Civet's trnnjfermMtieny if tme ). 459 

0r^'i ir/bii# l^i&etf» thttimmtig: . 46» 

Oitftail weeek vthett is it 474 

C4/^ vjby light thef m their ^ 475; 

Gffffvif ettr fihesy er ethers the gfeateg: ^$tf 48jt 



INDEX. 

Clvr-i[^/» why itirk Mi higMfs ' 4^9 

Crdais Metallorum, «i ^M^pr m'«i^ s^^« 

O^f/ Jifcent, why M afftek tffmth S^9 

Cuih^ wbf fim€ fick In it ff^ 

Ciuk$Us, why ftui t9 go t9 hwi/n f^f 

CMJhutimy tpaftkn on to iM> 

Oiuteomhs y a queftion on them fSS 

Ctochd, why tf crocked conditiom ^$4 

dhhs, why caWd veal^ f 4^ 

CXifkCs Accottnty a q$tijihn ihU fS^ 

IrCdr. i. 14,34. VhW.W. %. fom^ ff^ 

Ckrijt'i dtfient, a qiteftm thereon SSf 

Oeedy why cMd /ymhl f79 

€>frm pi^on, 4 query on one f^^ 

CbUd, tMM ho he 60m a ChrifiiMn j8^ 

(Shrfptning t^ childf a query mH f ^ 

T Cor. u If, i#. Mat, xxiii. .3^* J^ foum^ f9? 

(Uekneyt whence she bord' • - - 6to 

Confirmation, h it nneff«f * '' 6ja 

Cofie, whMt i$s virtue ^ 4^t 

Confirmntion, ifnecejfury ^3^ 

C^^, did the devil knno him Go4 ^39 

€knmfy what the eaufr ^ 641 

Cment, where found ; '* ' '. ^f9, 

Confirmation, is Jkfficient ' . -" '\ ' '<-• ^' ^y^ 

QtnM on infants, why lucly "* (?74 

&3r'tft, who bare his crofs ' '' '' • • W\ 

Charityy your definition of it ,\ c ' ' ^^' 

Chmf legion f anguine, why furthefi fkft ' 6%^ 

Cf^^ion, a quejiion rdafing to it " ' ^f 2 

Gmfi, why lik'd iy fonto 797 

C^aUndcf, what the ufe '--•'; - ^m 

B&ii ii. 18. the meaning \ . . * . ^^f 

OMa^yquofliens on it • '\ ■• * ' "T^u^bf 

OMiwhatisit '-'^ [ '"- = 8io^ 

Confitmpion, what the ^pffnt"-^' ' " '^t6' 

^dr^, your opinion en one * . < g2^ 

^ildren, w(y have feme fat9 840 

<SMvtburf Jfttiff whmtr iMii 

Oudt 



INDEX. 

Ou, wif ktU'd Sy hanA Bfi 

Okmdf ^Roroe §r England, thi nmkm^ 94f 

0(M^, 41 queffm en €H§ / ^yS * 

Cmfismftive feofh, wbji m fifffiUt of $Mr mdaJ^ i o jd 

GMfij why fing hfi 714 

€>tU fits^ qHifihm 7)7 

OehiMlt, whMf is i$ ibid. 

Cmds^ is it Uwfitl ft»f 744 

CmfiuftMisdi may thiy numy > ibi<l^ 

G^«miJt «rf thifijiich 8 1 ^ 

€3s9ffhire, wkenfitmd • • 9^^ 

I 0>r. xti. 11, $Jiff m^tmng ^%t 

t Or. zv, 24. mt/Zmo ^38 

JhflAicry em hi givt tiUiH' ^S- 

lyogs^ have th^ f tiling ^%^ 

Eticquibus ia Terr is, ii^^fkiom f7 

lK)fi> 9^ V4|^ /i&r/r /4f/i « 107 

DdOkoniacs, wirf /^ riMiMM)! s 1 o* 

JBHhtKi, v^tf is i$ ^s8^ 

AMm/, ipufiim ^ 14^^ 

Wiikpntfst when€$ ifo» 

DkMIionV jSM jiMf l^i^ff 167 

Jl^'i haiplmg, vkst cmiH zo6 

X^i^y ^ which fix ai^ 

D*4» Humphery /» dim wiih'^ ft) t 

BdAinica to AMs, why/a caltd 2/I 

ISM^ hew cMMi'd ijn/mfnfii^ %j%^ 

Death ef St. Jehn, what was it 27$ 

Drinking, qtsiflien ^ .^^T 

'BiviptiUty injkite, hew hh^ ^ia 

Degt why turns 3 t'&nts tomd 327 

IMvid'j eharaiitr, hew clear'd fSl 

IHim6 iy a fright, yetsr opinien ' ^S^ 
ihifUting, it it net felf-mttrder mbm tmrndtrtue 4^ ^ 

Dof 



INDEX. 

2kif feemdp why mr bUfi . P^ 4^7 

Hef^ir, how cwr^d * . ^ • 476 

Baysan^firs hid . . 480 

THvtfrom whenc9 is it ^ ^ 48;^ 

BrwikMrds, whyfii d^abU v 49^ 

D«5J/, vBy d9 th9j mtfwejtt ^%f 

I^un^ vbmci dertv*d y^^ 

I>ii, why da feofU at turn $f the trdt f^f 

Dartin^s in the bleed, whence ffz 

Dtvid, why fit to number the |«0^. ^64, 

"Ory eaugb^bew occaMd . - ..r7r 

1^, when begins it y^f 

Breams^ hew ecctipmCd ^99 

i^t prfi ef the week, why hft 64^ 

Diabetes, whence froceeds it €^4. 

J^patr, your advice iheree» ^6 f 

JDe:vfl, dees he knew our fhoughtt 673 

Drink, whufiwi^d by a drw0. ^ 781* 

iHMh, why fahned like a sktlesm • ibid 

t$etry, whence its frrce 79^ 

Drunk as DavidV fiv^ whenci . 2-1 j 

Devil, why eaWd old nick $1% 

Dritdting, a cafi thereon 837 

D^ifKing, a qsieflion en it t f^ 

Dreams rf blind men ., ■ . ^7^ 

Death why a terror to Atbeijit 9$ft/ 

I^amght, what the definition .... - 5^90^ 
Death-bed repentance, your th^i^hli em it .,.,; , 719' 

D^cnrcr-court, whence the frove^ft ^ • : 711^ 

Jirtmk, if net whoUfime . ^ , 8^1^ 

UcvA'twevHy why fp caWd S64 

IMitr* howjpelt . ^ ^34. 
Dri^ennefs orfornicaticn whifh the gjreatefi fit . fi^ 

VjdfabUs, wk fpttse raife ffmlti j 

; Enrich* d toiler |» 

^hoi what its nature ^^ 

Hiil,. who its firfl author 9$ 

•&»>!£» if.tUinbefofetheput, laa 



Egjptian darhitfs, hmfilt ^ page 134. 

Bngland, wifo Hf$ firft inhaBitiptts 1 47 

^fim^^ intHulid to it -^.. ... la 

itkiSt why mw*d iH 6mtet , 166^ 

3fff?tk,lm'/HtprteJ,' j#« 

Eccle. x)imfiiik:9. .»h4i mmus ^ %,i^ 

^Sgi w6y hard to break th^ iof^^^w/^- , . i^%j[ 

fif^iih, if/fokut at the ct^f^^^ ^H'^^f^ ^4r 
&ig)aQd, an nor its Mi» mm$diimrp^m^ . ^f 9" 

JtJtOti is its httmotsr of anj eoUitr ^.i^ 

M0ii>, moves it on its axis . '. }^. 
IBa^ifh tongue how attained , . ,\ ^] ^.}4x^. 
S«Q^ midvife^ who was^^ . " • . , ;.' 1 ,i.t^ 

K^aV letter^ haw carried i . ,. 3^^ 

^«^f »^ intoxicated after it . . ^|^ 

Jb(fr«^ w^ mwo in an tf^MfM Imo^. ^m 

Afv». a qtteflion onit ' 4^m 
jfytsi whyfome d^mgmjh tdomO' htm $bm 0fh^4 S<^4i 

Jfarvigs do thejfij . f 4|^ 

%^jffubjea to Adam .,» v . . 5$4i 

Ss^dcicl XX. 2f • ^Mir ^mm» ^ r , jrs^9( 

JfyeaJadj whence casts* d s- > ^ ». ^04^ 

J^ y i ^ gr fim go round . . 4ioi 

Jfyosi of different coiottrs» the camfi 6fji 

J^avold. xxxiil. 11, 0xfla'm ^%y 

^itkalia'i refentanco ^ * ^7 

^zekiel chap. i. the memung" 'j6f 

Rafter-day, a cfttifiion on it 77 ^ 

SoKth its motion <$$& 

Saod. ix. 31. explain J^f 

^iigiaad, how long call* d fo . . ,757 

ik^g ^d flowing whence &t<^ 

I^fCionSi what the casifi p|4>» 

Sccle. vii. 2. /Ae meaning gtfif^ 
Snjcfing outward things or contempt ofthoitOi ie(lx jK^ 

Eccte. x« s««^ tha^.mmmmg . j)^ 

lafstottton^ whai is it \ . 51S11 



» .^ 



INDEX. 

. F. ■ - 

r», whyjei thi Utth on Mf^ • ^ - |»gc » 

^ Trimdjbt, odionif — . . » . .^ . aa 
Vnntdflnf^ amftim on it, 41. 8j, irj, rto* 144, 
* 1^0, 168, 384, fjS, <f8i, 6j9» 78^ 884. 

Mmy> «'e lAwi fuch ^tUtmit ' ■ ' loi 

Hi^B ^ iriatfr pa on$ Ufs I'l 

¥evm mermhtmg^ 'mbiii tU ^9 ' 127 

jntMs, haw ntMrk'd «^^ 

W^irymgSt how mudo ^ ' ' '.' "! !'P^ 

rt^nnd Jpirkling^ tboteMfinofU a*^ 

Tirockkst tht CMHjft of them « - ', . a^jp 

^rttmipalini,Jefervefiihmfgmg^ • 34» 

IMtiestm , li /^ 4/2wV 37^ 

l^x, ^9 ?0}»^ withokt-mottths 3^^ 

Fortttne, is then fuch thing 40^ 

lS|/^v A03P <^#/irib f» thefeti ' . . . 443 

JRf4i64Ef» whence the found ^- . 4T5 

J^> ^ii» 41 pretender to it .... «. 478 

¥exe$f whence their fceni . . ^ "^TW* 

I^op, does it rnin any \ • 538 

JFifi^in fait water whjffrelh fJ9 

Forteme-tellers, f lawful to go to them 57* 

FreewiUy how juflifad 614 

Fat, how reduced - - 617 

tftSf whv people flronger in them > ^4^ 

Friend ^ to choofe t - . - '647 

FIriendt how know a true one C ^63 

l^i do thy fleep 67; 

Fhr^ what is the juice jof 

FeoTt why makes one topifs ' 790 

Foetus, a quefhn on it 747 
Firo, whence the Roman eujiomfif woetmiotatottch.it 911 

Facfdy, the meaning .v. v : . 947. 

Four of cMs, why cMd wiUing witch 1039 

Giddimfs, 



I N D E X 






^'^iJdmffs, vhv m high fUcti^. i\ . , ,: vpage | 

t '<japingi wfy catching Vj ^ , . 6% 

■XSapmg, how reftrMtn'd ' . ^S 

'.G/UUng, hew cur d iy elder ... x . ^l6 

-Gmeral, who the greateft . J49 

Go/peU whyftmd at it 1/6 

Gff^ to fraife, why not JIandhg i^l 

iaommg, your opinion of it . .'^T^ 

i^fs, wiy tranjharent . i<^ 

'k^lden hw, what viriue had it . . ^ 19B 

^Qax4ti whence derived - ao© 

Genefis i. a. reconcile a*? 

'jGunpowder, good or bad itevention aaii 

Gedcfo xvilTiyt^ftdf iw^i«»»ff ., »|4 

Geiic£^ vi. 2. /^ wMmff^ iotd. 
4Qtmpo»der, or frinting ef mojl ufe ,,.<.. %66 

iGnen,:f good fir \th^y^s { u -i. » ;\ >. ,. a$i 

(fSoti m Hebrew, why tli»>flm9dt tmmm .^1% 

60d i^i>b if^ afm4t0idU ' r : , . . 47^ 
Glafs,'J>^ break if itifilf .....' 497 

GpihetUy how cmm'd in btmamty fo i 

Gcncfis xxwiin lo, W«»r o^/www . ,, I'ao 

fhncfia i\u fi a»- mmamng . .^ . jj a 

Gifll yf/jm brok^ -ipf^d . ^4^ 

<^ A«f y2iW t9 ^ merciful . \, , . ,. ^, . , i 66 j 

.GpuHt* idtre there ever fuch * ' >77 
^Gelding, can it be caWd a heffe ... . :. ./. ^^^^ ^^^7 

^ddinefs, the canfi ef i$ ;, . . . 79f 
'<Wi ex^ence^ a query ;m its itermty ., . , ^ 68y 

^rafheffers^ whence their noi/i ,' " 090 

;<»r«/««i«fe * if«e)?/*» i»» it ., .... . ^^^ 

,Cod in QlouccttcT, the meamg 810 

Gen, i. 7. the moM^g . . . ^,*;^ 



IN D E X 

Girls, wh §0i fiifj, &c. page Sid. 

Cmty wfoenci fr9€etds it O 960 
^PH^ i$ youth, how caui^d^ T ' .\ ^•'Hl- 

Oen. i. I. ^^«r f^»i«i ^ « . xcrj* 

'Oen. iv. 26. #jff/«m ^^* 

<l^. V. 28, 29. r*f/^i» F?^ 

^G«a. ix. 20. #Ar//^/» ibuJ. 

? ' n. ■ . . •. 

^VAilt vhf m warm wesfher rf 

'^^ Hcfo^f^t^tm u ^ 

"H^-aditus, 9r Democrkuv «; lAt iY]fib# t , $9 

^agar <i»i Kcturah, if the fumo . d4 

Herrings, why ifytfofom ^ £7 

'.KfivTM^AW 1703, 4^M)0^^ ^ 5^5 

■®w>, qiaftiom on it, 93».ioi> iM, ifS, f75V*d^» 

... 5^40^ 102^. 

^HftmmroHs fooms y : . ^ - n< 

;£fi^ offtrwwi, ii it not 4 Uwf(iimthtii^iim<iif>^^iy 

iBogs, how do th^ fit \lit^fld' * ^ ^Hp 

)HmMttroM$ i^ftions, 114, 117V tlfr^t^i^y^g^yaff* 

146, lyi, ifj, 161, JrtlSj ' iyj,>2oi> 41 17, *«»}> 

ftjo, 238, 240, 244, iff,!^^, AS3, tpffjo)* 

30J, 3x1, 313, 317, jif, 3i«, 37^, 3f», 3^. 

393> 399» 400, 401,40^3 4i-4,^43'j'» 44f, 444, 

:* 45'3» 4r4» 4^i>.477>:47^/4^45^ft^#4^>49^f 

"^ yoi-, 5'o8, st^,si^ijrt%''f^4, f^)>94» f4*» 




fip5, 900- 5^0*. 9«9.5>^^> S^Jf^ S>i«v^5W3fV^«» 
' ^771984, 981-, 1002, loittj lO'k^i fi^iv *^. 

«rtif, cMn it k without Jhi' * - * ^ * /. . k jxS 
iJ!pii/^A, whert beft rtgam'd . '^' ^^ ^\"*^^ ^"^^ «• " 173 
Hotns, 4 gr«<5/?/<w ik their poWfh . *^ '^ - ^^\- ^ • f^4 
Sfahfmefs, how ohtain'd . ' ^ ^ t- • • ^i^ 

H«, two quefiums on it ' • «^ aiS 

Hafpinifs ^ frogreffivo '^ '* '• t •. ) .• . j^^ 



IN D EX. 

Hickney, /^# mtmungof tb9 word >. 37|; 

H^fiaefit what is it \ ' ^ '>'•''> •:• 4^9 

Handfmt^ cm an uglf kmun tbtiik,htr.fif, s- ' • 4^<^ 
Heurt'bum, what the caafi ». c \ , i , 49.2 

H0nmir or tongs firfi invented . . 49$ 

K4ffr % v^4/ the eaufief.it fiz 

Heat and cold, what are thp - . ffg 

Hearty why heat on the left fih. ; /8j 

UtrpMphrodites are there .. • . • > 1/ ' 61^ 

Healths to drink, whence came. the tt^m 619 

ifyifyt why fuije^ to petrtfa&ioit - > . ^ v44b 

liare^ why the /cent, demyt .. • ! . « * ^4?^ 

H^ews xi. 39, 40. ^)&f tnoemmg ^6iz 

HaHy what is it ,^f% 

Hebrews, iy whom writ , 966^ 

Hafpinefs, how attained ■< , • .971 

Hat^Jhorn^ a ^s^iothon, if ,'..;...;• <. >^99^ 

Heaven, where is it >.» •'•:.. ». */. v. ^*#)'J 

.3Fft5^, why do we ...•'> , U. 73^ 

•f^tf, wi?/W, the fnins v .. t \ % . ..^ .*: .<jk4£ 

JUIiao, why tkm fagan- . '.'\%% 

Jofcph'/ genealogy, why give9\. . * .. - Jit 
,pifiAif-dtd he fin, in owning him fdf^HA. ,! . . .^4 

/i^, »/b4/ is it . '. rii.' i c-r. 8j 

Jolepb, s^iEpx not hold intelligence Tfokb T]afi,A ixkfi^kfi^ 
c abfence * *;•*•.'•- - '^J^t 

Jumes V. iJ^yotir opinion thireetn i ( v ■ '- ,lop 
yealoufie, why a fign of love . .^ ;..';., _ top 
yack a-lanthorn, what is it (id:^ 

imitation of others, does it not hfe our watttrfil advati- 
\ tages i' .'■■•' r. r- - 1 15 

J^^i, wAy provoke hunter . ^ : ^154^ 

-Jmf^ence, why from eageme/t ..^ . i.^'i 

^It^hi^'wf^careh'd fyd touch' .. • i.. .• \ ^ j8t 
ijnt^inum CACum, of what ufe . ... . ; \ .. 1 84, 
Jo^n xxi. 25-. the meaning of it jii|5 

fjbtin yiii. 5-8. /^e meaning of 'et^ \. , %^j 

•^^n, tt'^ »&/» ^« not the Lord'tsfieffot i ^42 

jty and forrow, what their op^^^ "^ .» .•• : i* Sk^dT 
. ^ A a a * ' ' JtaloHly, 



INDEX. 

^ulwjfi'ymit opmm mi$ p%« Top^ 2^ 

*Jofan ix. /^ menmng 2jf8 

liaiah liii. 4. the memmg " , \ , s. %jg 

jMftkt, tf^i^ i»hm dfihatt'^ ' . ^ ^7^ 

fofisiph, if firft or tlevenfh fin ' ijl' 

'Jews in Cbina> 4 ^M^yfieb ffn thtm $06 

lUktrtue mtn, wly mt $9 frtuck -507 

Ideas, if alike in nU ^ ■ 31' 

Jews, whyfe centemftiUe » , 33^ 

yeMku^f, whence proceeds it ->•>•. s ^SS 

Jfle or Dogs,^M|ry «i#f> ' -^ « 3i'7 

Jf «w», 4 epeeftien en thofi me^ds 9<^|' 

Jefiiits hark, hew its divers eferatiem 3^^ 

Incuhsjfest do th^ gt»erme . S^^ 

Judges iv. 21. the meamg 4^7 

John xxvi. 2(5. /i&e mtaning 44' 

Jvfimts, wfy do they fmile 444 

'^Judffntnt day^ ^foreknown hy QU the Sen 4S7 

yeftdts hark, a epteftion on it 4^^ 

«Jacob'i rpds, hove affeU the cattle Ae^l 

Jja^ax. io. yomr ofinkn thereon \ .(. fiS 

Jacob, iffisfil to deceive ins father /14 

dfraelitcs, were they 450 yean in Igfpt S^^ 

-Ingratitude, a queftion on it S9i 

Jhfants, why wy> ba^ not nafin 60^ 

James ii. 24. Kom. iii. 2. reconcile ^<^9 

'^udffnmt day, 'a ^neftion en it 6x4 

John XX. It, yonr ofinien ^3^ 

^dea, why varioufiy affiB us 1 . . . ^4*> 

Jfiands, how firfi tnhabittd . ^4"^ 

Job xxxviii. 8. expiam ^f 

John w 4. I ft. how recmciN with other texts 6fi 

JohnTciv. 28. explain 66] 

Infants have they fin to anfwerfm, tfdiefo 67} 

yujimen, why ssnhaffy here - » 677 

Ii^ant 6orn in the yth month ttftta^f lives, in the Sti 

month dies, the reafon' *; . 714 

Judith iv. 3. explain •• .^ \ .-. . 71/ 

yfi^sfenjkal hew reftrM^ . 1f^ 

Jolin XX. i7.««gi£v»' v 7J'i 

fWa^mi^i <Ai^, jfaiyr i^mp^ 814 

J '\ Jofcpb, 



Jbfepb, «p auBfim on him page %±& 

Johh laft chaf. und vtf. the mumHg' 84,5 

Jht&ih; h9i»'iptktft . ».>.= ;. {'^ 

Ihdihn's qtieftm \ - ^^ "^If 

iraiab xxxviii. tht metming - * • V w*.i 

Ifaiih Iviii. 13^ ixfiicate • ^ r . >- •. ' . ^gg. 

' ' K. ■-'.•■'• '• 

X^/#, « ^««/?ip» 90 /^/ maim j^y 

' I Kings yii. 2y, the meMniifg tf h \ 181" 

» Kings i. 17. *^ me/mmg. ^Stf 

JBT//^ /I highwiw man, ifUvrftd' ^ij- 

ICftfwkdge, why d^U of tfSmgs i»iU vir its 604; 

Xijptg, what benefit thence ' • - » ■ '618^ 

^hg and qwen, why chofe vn twelfth day 81 1' 

J&'fff, who was the firfl ' ' ' 97 r 

Kings, if prejudicial tvthe Koxxk&kfiMo 1049; 

jTpve queftms, 5, 8, 12, 13. 21, atf, 17, 30; 33; 
'^ 37, 42, 45. 49, j^; 62, 7a, 75-, 87. 8p, 93,. 

' P4» io7» iij^ i2»» 159^ M^i i^-f, ida, 167, 

v'l^B, 18/, 186, 188, 190, tyti ^193, '194, 19J-, 

198, 201, 207, 20ft aao, a^17, ai8, 22^, '224, 

228, 232, 239, 240, 21-2, 21-4, 2tfo, 263i 267;' 

~ 272* 21^79, 280, 288, 504* 319,3^, 342, 344, 

5ro» If^y 3T^> 3^9^ 371. 377* 378. 382, 383, 
39o> 39^ 39S, 408, 409, 4i2> 413, 422i 429, 

430* 433» 434» 4J9' 444* 44^» 4/** 4rr5 4^r. 

468, 4^5>, 470, 484, 4.8/, 489, 49o> 499, joy, 

' cfo<5, fla, 1-27, 5-39, f49, f6i, ytfp, ^6, jy^ 

f^r> y9i* f97» <Joo. ^•ff ^^*> ^14, <^it, 628, 
i 631-, 635, 643, ^41'. 6>-i, 6fZi 6fBi 6^6, 66%,, 

^^3> ^7^» 700, 711, 715, 723, 728, 730, 74»i 

7T»» 7<J4» 7^« 77*.' 7yr. 7881 789, 790/ 798; 
• 799* 803, 8oy, 809, 819, 827, 8^8, 848, Sj-o. 
^ 85-2. %n,Sf6i 86tf, 871, 872, 878, 882, 89 ji 

^8, 920, 924, 942, 949, 961, 97,, p7^j P78; 

999* 1021. 1028, 105S, lojp, 1048^ 10/2/ 

^liiofwhatfteb/lanci i,» , . ,r i-, 

Iteks, why worn by weljhmm . » ' ' ' TJ 

XJi^ me im^ temftasion, the'^miHtbfg' ' ' '^ 

A a ^ 2-^ iw'i 



INDEX. 

1^9 tr fnimdjltif^ wbuk mtfi n^ page 1 1 j 

lM^t$ Md fi/bis^ 9m $h^ mcTM/id i» tfn mksde 1 04 

ifi e^WM, ^fiiful IS* 

l^mech, wb$m did he flMy ' 13S 

liffMr/, i^ar rif$ m Ml crane 13^ 

X/i^, ivj&«/ »«/ ir Miire tbe/un 147 

^i^iS^/ M women, wbence t6f 

Lucretia, j^^ fride er vkrfMe dfd 169 

iMngs wetmded, a queftien x8i 

Ufver, how JbaU J fttgei Jntn^ tSf 

Luke xxti* 56. yeftr epinion _ 119 

i^nitmge frnm$'m ^ffiich mt4 ^33 

LicurgusV kwi, if good 13/ 

lieptcrs ffiritums^ ifg^^d.in het iountrkf ^♦4 

^^fiigle, ifhtft 261 

jiviMtbiuh what is it %j6 

Utters^ why fimdfw ^it^mtert - 18^ 

L^^Uude, whi^h the he^ .. , . . "292 

teve and wine, a fftv^ , . 297 

Luke vi. ^3. ymr ffm^i ef' it . - 298 

Leo/huff, how cHt'd • - ' 221 

London- briJgfr ^ b^U ofh weol^ . ' 37$» 9^4 

tmgittide', . a oHtry ieUtrng te it • ^po 

Lpjc i xxu\ 3 8. >iE^ meami 431 

^^'w. jf ^t^ffr .( '. .-, u ,j. -..->• - < . ♦;; 

Ull>tnin$^lue^ jeh\ hm^hP^ v : ^ - " 4f ^ 

Ztf6irtine, a quefiien en ene^ s -. • ^ \ 79^ 

f^ife, whence engendered yj ^ . ^ *. .. gi4f 

tjidies verfes en l^ ytur efirm^: ^ .t - / v $28 

.lM>iMlon-ilone when -eftSied ,-y , : . ,. .8tft 



i N D E^ X. 

Lake xvi. 9i exfUit • ' ' ,733' 9°!r 

Irwr, tttoM **« *«* (J^ i • - •• ' ,. iWXl 

M. '■'■•■■• '7 

JJI^Oaf, ifuftim tnit, 36, 96, JJJ» 4t5';J't7»!^^ 
MuhematiaU qtf^Vm, 4t; iilj ^3>| f:^';I*73|^4 




Mmyrsy y9w ofmm m th^ Pf^ffimf , ''^ "' '' ' ' ?p' 

Michael'/ r««^<»/i»» wHh ^ dtvH, vhM i^ mjjm if 

• their dij^mi ' ' ;' '* " .ipr 

Manbcw mos^dH Luke* ' ^'J * Hf 




M^t^s, whime the uifim , ''^' ^ ' ' ' ' A9? 
Mijioii «• Waller, btfi wi/r^ ' • -^ ^ ' " ' " ' :^^% 



M^&gmmt ftrfitml^ cm it be fmd$ '^ ; • * . ' , , ^P^* 
Me^myt cMi it he mended , \' /^.,2!2j!; 



MiMSch %f, ihf begmsit theyekt"* ''^' *; : , /,' . ^V 
Itemtainsi vhat their eaufe ^^ \\ " \^; ^ V^^ 



M0Jebrane fericard, vhst ufe ' ^. " " ;; J^)^, 

ISetfen perfetHMl, is there ' ^'^^^ ,7 ;; ' ;^ ':' M, 

Matt vilu 22. w«r <y/>/«w» ofriT 'v -" •'? ; J- ijp; 
Mtteeeiy, hew frUvstes it -"^ -""; ''' ^;* ;>'i)i; 

fttor. V. 16, Matt. vi. i. recencite^ "'"" :i^9 
t'^'c.^'*"" A aa 3 i^«»' 



Mu|eQliluUn« yctp' tfinkn therecf , », j§»3 

Jiiuanehdjfy hvm cw^4 \ 330 

JUiMf».^i^i»tf . J . .. ^j^ 

Mitt. x?i;i. ; i,.if.pmfifmm { ... , HbkL 

Malacht ic i4, if. ^o^Um 43 4 

Matt, iivju >i, ^ figt^tfhJm . ^-po 

UapekfiringiywhyMp» toheik in wei vmhr tbmdj j 94 

> ^ « crim$ n ccnverfe mt^fi^ .. ^ 4»} 

^W«j ¥fj!Si mmM Mc ..>..> ^ ^ 

ilf^ifr %«w, »4)f not MgreesBle^r . ^yf 

M#«w7, »hy good in difiw^if»\. . ' ^84 

J^(n^9rs M mnn pretends ti carfx^^/riiU . 770 

Mark viii. ,0, ir. «//««|v^,,,, ^. , : ; .78, 
Xf^tter hov ndkere r j,,. n, v , •«. f^ 

mick. the dejkitien ^'^ \ : . ': |j; 

»Jclchif€dcck, whovnsbe s :" / / " :^|^<j 
Matt, xxvii..;'.^ f^ u^t,. nmq^\. V ,, «4^' 
Mftyr, i0bMi mesns it * .. ,., ,.^ ^.^5«Ji 

Matt. XII. 40. bewmemtt ., ^d*, 

l^arjc XVI. Id. /fc m#4»i»^ . n$i!i 

J^niSert children, wky werfi ' ' oU 

Marlxir 3i.j.««r^«^a ... • W 

h^i4t^» why not generm ^, . ... 004 

Mmtent why ceei/mef , . .* ,i»|i 



JK.DEX 

^^gms; why bUck • , p^ge^' 

T ; Noah, «*y thi %th fri^chtr ,8^ 

|9#bf tsijfkrs make mtm^ hm alj 

»» rf»#r w4/«r, 4 jwi^ 4» i# ^L 

'STi)^ bUtdmg is it omkmK ^i* 

Numbers xxii. ao, 2», fMmiii ^L 

ISlmnfs, vlmuiJeriv'd / . ,^ .^ij 

S*V/, *«i/ Adam «w . . .:, J J 

tfM « fi^i0O reUiing n it f ^z 

^«^> m th§ head what th§ mft f ^^ 

Nilf , v^tf»M i^i ov^fjbm . !^J 

-^-^j viUftrmg bar make it red T ,- 

N«»?uchadoczzar, yeetr v^im m hk ihmm i* , 

l^un^rs, what the caufo . J; 

iftfi^red, hem te nmedv . . jZ? 

m»ferM»i«««Wr ; .' i!| 

Wf; »*K red by fifMg iiqttef \ . .. Jif 

IW«, »^ ibnw 0i#ii ' ^ 

l^th-winl why cAdefi * . _*, ,2!l 

Qp^tm^ hew untMl in its bounds . , i , g.^ 
^.^J^dmaid, wm'dym advi/e hkt^o meim , ^ iig 

Q^if, why fame fi^ , , ' tf o« 

Qfktm^^^ epmim 0nit . . ^ 

QfM mve, is it holkw 2!^ 

9^H i^ mtft fitbjea to thmdir . ./ /. ^^ 

<wfc • ^«^f«i 09 we I- A, J , -. ^ J^^ 

^m^lwbm^worfe gj^£ 

QW«f/«w, v^/ d,y§j« tfaece^mtm \ \ — 81 «I 

QttiAs,Mquefimtherem' ^«* 

q(^, haw death thmby kimtt iL 

pw4 had he nniats ef tin Scr^tm ! . . 747 



IND fi.» 

9Mks fimdm the earth, ytm opmm m fhm page jf£ 

pjitches, if lawful J 7 

* .Petmy ftft-man^s cemptmt > • ^ 54 

lalfttaim rf the heart, the eimfe ^ it 48 

f^ffions, wiji flrengefl in wemm- ^ 4P 

IBerfitQm, is it attaiuaSh^ i^> 7<^^ 

ff^kt is it a dutyrte ufeit ^> ~ ' ^^ 

terjUcutiefh ifaliemed by ^/.*-I^- '^- ^^•^; - . 7^ 
I -Peter ill. ip» 10. your ofinion '^'- '..•.».»» f©^ 

I Peter iv. 6. your opinion' * ■ ♦ ioif 

Jlanets^ why not injbmie.brttt$t 10 f: 

F&Im Ixxxviii. 14. ^mt (»^iW0«^ 0iti$' ti^6 

flays, ifimwam to fee ' ifO; 

ItoXiwhf mtimrt iheeyet ly?^ 

IBlamtJtruck, what ij it * ***" 

Pfilm xviii. 10, the meaning -^ • **7* 

fmfiitimt hew attained .^ \ "^ MdL- 

Ifrifiners, may they ^keptfi^ ; V ^ ' if 8 

^aiming 9 who invented it 271 

l^t^, whence the worl ^7^ 

^ayer and preaching compared ' 330 

Inrvfrb, As the devil look'^d over UhcoId^ 57f 

Prbmbs xxvi. 4» y. yoicr weanii^ BPf 

fttrgato/y, why aJFgn*d ^ * . 412. 

rm and /mart, how ^k^ifiM*^ ' / ^' «' » • 4*0' 
J^fm Sentenced, miy he hang yiimfi^ "-V '^ V 45* 
Beriius A« ififatyr, your opinion '' ^ 474' 

J^ainiing or carving preferable " V ^^J 9^** 

Pibte* r^M^ he be accufed jTi^ 

taradife, where fituated '^'^' ♦^'^' ." » /itf' 

^oe$ry% how improve in it ■ . ^ ' /40 ' 

J^jsrgatory, a queftion on^it^-*^l ' ' "^ - . M* '^ 5'43>' 
Hffygamy, a quefiion thereon «■'> ^^ -'' .» i * iio' 

Bredeftination ^ y4y, 6otlii6f 

fieafures vain, how avoid". "^ • « ,. ' " fyi^ 
l^oceptt or example fmftprevident'*' ♦• ;^ '• • ^^z- 
Peter, ir^ i&« ever come to Eoglaod ' . 601 ' 

fropbeciest how compatible -wah freo will - ' 601 ^ 

ffilm cxli. 4. //&« rMMi^ . r ^^^ 



IN D E X. 

Jh^ptii», wbf nim inys SiM page (^34. 

Friwif his du$h^ s diaUgui 66^ 

tmce, bis Jesth, a fatm 678 
ti&itres, why tf tnm Jhiki $ke y9 wub pmn fvrU 

T$uiy, h9w JhM I $xcillm a 68j 

- frim^, bis eharaHtr 626 

Trmc9 his ifhuifh ^ 701 

Trwu^ th§ fn$iinmg $fit So^ 

FispeTy wh invimid it ^ 810 

Ih'iffi find fismfiei, htm is om tvrd caBid 81^ 

Priician'i head h SreMk, whfffce, ' 824 

FHtry^ who iitvmtid it x 834 

Proverbs xxiv. vostr oftmon 8^4 

FMJty vhyfivpt fy holding thi brmb 948 

lavh^ «r fUtsJwro mifi resU . p8i 

.Pialai li. f. ixj^in 1001 

Tofffiktit depofstktt, the menmng ^^if 

TimfU on tho tongut^ what thi OMufl 104^ 
parliament, wheme thtwwd , .. 744' 

rtimhs. are therojf^ • ^ ' \ \, 99$^^ 

^JH^, horn felt \ . , ; • ^ti 

^Uacks, a qneJUon on them 238 

tXEUgion, bom know the trsit .46 

. Roman ficnfices, ^.^fiion on them 104 

Ke^ even, wly the fyn if a fair ddjf [ j(iy 

^jfol totseh, whence the virtM ifi^. 

£utt, whence comes it ^ . A^o. 
^im^^ whf fo cokw'd '- ^24 

fye^on, how lo/i by ftetfrizjo , . x6w 

S^ffntanee finceroy what 3|k 

MsboWi ifSeforo the fhod ibM. 

KM, how infmall drops ^f^ 

Ri|tb iv. 4. 4»^ tf. reconcile 381 

Aitj(^i»0», why fubje^ to the gotU , ' 438' 

tlf$n^ 6j/ moonlight^ 4)e ca^e 474. 

y^/f|ijNi, w^ ffiMif i KT jim^ HI mitr'd . 48 i^ 

^i^fin, if iofi at diotb ^18' 



I N D EX. 

luihf Hn mnamig rftbi tmi page f%f 

Mftififnittti htrm emfky ' f^S 

MUnoc^osy^ TH^hMt is ti ffz 

Ademption if Cbrid; m mufiicn ihtrm ^ fff 

JMs, why thtft €4dl*d bilhop and bis clerks f6j 

Mfl^gisitkwfidtbofihaviwnng'dus' f9^ 

Wver by BriftoJ, ^ frtm nature vf aft 600^ 

Miffemiuyr why u^d Mt f$mirdU 640 

Rcy. yf'u 9, i9i II. exflam 6f^ 

Ramiej ths richr whence th$ fi^kg 77^ 

'Rfkaims two firangt wes. ii6t 

"BjuiX fttfgntUt M qutftm onh p'fy 

"BifiHuim^ a qwfikn thtrem ^36 

Ji0jurre&mj a q$teftm en it * 1041: 

Rqine was not built in a diy, whewe the/aymg 105-5^ 

IRig^h handy ifi$9§mdy whM the miomng - yi6 

"Bji^fi t9 Apollo 771 

^ COctvLttii's ddmmk ' ^ 32 

Szmflfon, gttilty if feif-nmrdtr • 39 

SelfimtJdirm, why deafd chnfiimhmat ^f 

Seulk, whyfettms only inftm fZ' * 

Sfnngme/ft »hat tho cau^ y^ 

^tn^ etighuU, what y^ 

Sngufm eftho tyo^ 4 Muftm on i^ 4o 

Shndofwsy how snvtrtid 66 

Shiif, why ikat ntjhemng 69 

SfotUamoHs frodUBions» a quofion 70 

Sobrkty^ what tho rttUi of it 73 

Skfi'whenoo its colotin v ^^ 

SavfOttr*s expiration, whyfofiddilt . < ,77 

Shorfnefs <f fight, whona 78* 

^coccocrof8> whoneo worn 80 

St^'tnurdir, if bravo ^y* 

Sacrament, a quejiion on it ^ • 9^ 

Storki, €ome tMy into menairdiot 109- 

StuU'what isit '^ * 11 1 

SitU; how to mond hor^ . ' ' ' u6 

spirits tf mon, whence do thtj^exetl '^' ^ • if8' 

^/iTftt, what the ufi (fit • ' • '\ ; - mo 
Stttp, bow excited by /orrom • • \ « ixy 

Swanr 



INDEX. 

^dlimvsy where m winter . , xijT 

tl^M^ defmed, where ^figa ,,^ / \ 14P 

pms imfmrtdhy, whm^ " \ ' ' 141 

S^knens, what do th^ feed en .14^ 

Svwd'bUde^ how melted by Ughttmg ibii 

£^ "'^ ^^^ ^^^« ^41^ i/^ 

$tvvi9Hr^ hem old when crut^^d if^ 

S^.<ff God^ hv» fr<miivfdtf< [179 

^•edtwhv produce, divers xoimn , / f^ * \iQz 

SfTftm, how evacmted ' ! " '' i8jr 

^^«</» if tre-exiftent i2$ 
falts, why Jhoot into f/tch fhapei..' . , .^ ' 1 99 

^e;^^j, , j^ bttre frier^fhif VMy be ibid. 

Sia againfi the Holy Ghofty what ip 7, 24^ 

Shem, v«i ^« i[;i»g ^ Salem ip5 

Sosils departed, jfo/er of inion^ \ .204 

Scrifturef, how the word of G^d ^ ^ loiS 

^jpir///, i6 ^^e^ generate ibid. 

■Strings, why xoldejl in ftimmer I '"'\ , 211 

Sabbath, when.^^mmem'd\st ^ - ibid. 

Swallows, why neji in a chithnty '^' ^ 2i5 

Stfiury influence, what is it . . ' ^ '220 

Sexes, if diflinguijh'd in heaven 234 

Stsn, when neareft to tis * " ^Ji* 

5/*f/, why foon foftned 235 

jSaHsbury-Breviary 4 ^wwy \ ; 24 j 

Son of God, why jhe judge- ^ \ . ^/J 

Stafffmering, how cured ^ * v ^^g 

Spermacaeti^^/f;i^ . ^ . ^ , 270 

Soldiers mercenary, your opinion of them ^ / 271 

Soid, where in a fwoon 287 

Straw, how does if frefirve ice ^ 293 

Snuff, your opinion of it 294, 341 

£9«/ ^r ^04/y, greatefi finner . 3 14 

Saoi.i. I J. explain . ^ ,V . . J^l^ 

.Sleep, can people fin in it' .{, T ! !, 31' 
iw??, i/(»i ir i/^we 0» Eatter day ^^ ., ; ' . jjr 

Solitude, a poem ^ 1 ^. '33,(S 

Sun, why darknid at the crucifixion " 3/2 

< Samudi f a perfonal aftearanco 3^3 



INDE3f. 

J?^, hw^mgiids it vMtr 5^ 

"Sp^dangh v% thrvrnn Mt vidJmgt y v - -Jt^ 

Stomst do they grow * 574 

^infi, which the noNeft Sf7 

iaeramefft, hew csU'd s fufper 5*7 

4r#< what cnufes the ehb fiindfim 4^7 

tedj whence ih fikmfs * ^ * . .. ^^^ 

torn. xxxi. 4. Uft chaf. wbai mdnmg 4*J 

Urkfant, fiuy he deteS inf-mafib^^cnm . 4J7 

Slpi>enthfin, can he ctere d^ea/et ^ ... 449 

"S^day, may ene waOt m thiJieUi '^ <' 44* 

"Saitmandeti is there «« ^ '• ._L_k!, * ^^* 

'hngUferfifu, can thtynotcwvrrfa^e^memnf 4/4 

.». <?tfofgc, v4« »<ii ^^ 4T» 

•5^w'i i*/4r/, iffv I unck teit '^ 474 

Stick, w^ creeked in the^watar : ' ' 4« 

'^if^flij. i»l^4# «&« caufe^(iif^ . - - iW. 

'f /&#^itfc i^/Kk'CT', wA«/ f^ Ubte .; ; • , ^fj 

SfeaaeUs, hew Img went ^ ^ 4«f 

Seut, deesitkwwitsftatejkfiafierdtm ftj 

ii>^s, do they fee *^ ' '' / ' ^ ' : J^f 

^», mm andfiofs, which higheji ' jf^T 

;iiM«, ii it digger than the earth i'74 

tacratMnt, a qutflien thereen • X^o 

Skiff why people walk init ' y ■ S^4 

'^Sneezing, what the cMife ' '. ^ ■ - v fp^ 

•Sii, can the fame kve the fame as well as the cootraty 

'^'Serpent, bewjs/ftto.pmjhitff'thtdevirsfaedt 605 

]sptdtr, hcfwfpinfrom treetdti^ee ' "y 6oj 

Sieip why iifi en the right-fide ^ ' ^ 

• SeUls m heaven, knew thty- their friendi en earth 6 fy 

'Sih, was^there any hefrre Mofc* ^^fo 

^ Sin ef uncleannefs, what ^''' v * - -^/f 

'^^iottrU ft^erings, hew fafficient. • ' '<^73 

Isokndti hew commHoicated. . '^74 

'^ snake, is it peifinem - *' '*' ' ^*' 

'Sfecifick C. P. »i&y mver given ie? r^#;* ^' • tWtf. 

Seidier, hew he ene iknocwtty ' iW» 

5y09^ efthe Mvangelifis, whence -^ • - ' 6^0 

Salt' 



INDEX. 

S^peifT, tmi feterfali j/^ttt $b$ difirma page 48 1 

Sc/dli immar$Mli^ b&w pfvtd Ibid. 

Snd, can it returm $9 $he b^dy ^83 

Sacramem^ if meeff^j H fklvMm 792 

^aeramttu, a quefitm m tf ^%^ 

S»o», what is a £24 

Stfrgery, who invented it Sjz 

Selab, the meaning «f H 32^ 

Sterets, your ofinun if tW0 y^M 

Sevtntb ftn, earn bt ctsf S/a 

Strangwy, JkangmHi^n htm diffw Zy% 

Stteikn, what is it ^^f 

Smn, a (ysefiitn on it . ^j* 

Something, has it Jigtujkation ^yg 

Strange relation ty a dead man 980 

Small fox comes it twice 98^ 

Scot-free,, the tmotmg rfit 1038 

Sweating, a firimgt cafe 1041 
Sfsttingy if injseriossstA healths 83 a, lOft 

1 Sam. xxi. i. explain ^ip 

Stsn, a qtsefion on it j%x 

settl, does rt mcreafo j^^ 

Sin, is it to fweat y^4 

S»Hf, whyftinksit j^^ 

Sin^ iffo becanfe I think it 7^4 

<Sotd, how horn in fit %yy 

Svtansyfmg they b!fore death 12^ 

Sin, a e^eftion on it 85*9 

Shkfs, why of the femimm gendir> 923 

SM, whf fimetmes SrightiP 927 

5;^^, what is it ^ ^ 929 

Snow, with fait, whj freexjt ibid. 

^T*Bmght,wh(ttisit ' it 

. . I^ars, the caufe what 16 

Terpentine, whyfcmss the wm 37 

Thought, whence frocetds it 47 

Turkey head, why red and Slua ft 

Bbb IS Ttdot^ 



Mafick/hw£s,vky after tolreak in wi vrnfur tfymM j j>4 
^^nmy^ hffwto fntnd ^,^. ' j^ 

W?* §^« «rw»# /« ccnverff vsk^m ., .. > tf«x 

Matt. I. 16. ixfUm^'-^-. ., \ ,, ,, ; . , 4^^ 

Wot m mM frettnds ti Mm, JrUl J19 

m»Ai Uft d>. V. f. ucffr- .III 

Uxrbk, why f^t *!| 

J^elchifcdeck, »fc »4, fe , ;*• '" ■ •• 2^ 
Matt, nrii,,^, ^ i. ,1^. n^^i. ■ ■ ' ^■^ 

Mart. xii. 40. A., w,4w :;.,!; 'Jg" 



««Vi. «i. 40. MWMM4W ,. -«x;,.. 

%lc xvi. 16. /A» wftMi,. . . ., iS' 

WiiihjOT «M«-m, «6y sw/} • Jog. 



mm, why cQ$l/mef ;• ,;JJ