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LONDON: December 15, 192.. "»» T ™»EJ}» : 



for the Bookbinding, Printing and Allied Trades. 


Tf&lil O INfeE R 


These Folders will handle a great variety of regular folds with the highest 
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Telephone: Holborn 2215. Telegrams: " Smythorne, London." 

9^Sai WTFR/A <TATir»M^4^lk 

December 15, 1921. 







6, 8 & 8a, Palace Square, and 7, Pool Street, MANCHESTER; 

30-31, St. Swlthin's Lane, LONDON, E.C. 

Manchester Telephone No. : City, 4164. Telegrams: Swiftness, Manchester 


Registered Office: 12, NEWTON STREET, MANCHESTER. 

London Office: 60, WILSON STREET, F1NSBURY, E.C.2. 

Manufacturers of . . 


Telegraphic Addresses " I'i.ovai.. Manchester, " — " Floval, Finsoiark, London' 

Get in Touch with Home & Colonial Buyers 



The British and Colonial Printer and Stationer, 

Office.: R* SHOR LANE. LONDON. B.C.4 


ts#LBr^^s^rV TO THE FRONT. 

IlVl W\. ^^ SHACKELL, EDWARDS & Co., Ltd. 
I V ^ta^ Red Lion Passage, -Fleet Street, E.C. 

December 15, 1921 



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ro THE 


Fire Loss Assessor. Newspaper Valuer. 

Sales by Auction conducted, in Town or Country, of Printers' Plant and Machinery 

Valuations for Fire Insurance, Probate, Company Promotion and Partnership. 

SPECIALITY : Detailed Inventories with Every Individual Item Priced. 

Th« Valuations and Sales of Printing Plant executed by me during the twelve monthi 

ending December 31st, 1920, amounted to £1,235,513 Is. 9d, 



& 101, Worship St, London, E.C.2. 

and Alscot Kd Berroondsey, S.E.I. 
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December 15, 1921 




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Head Office 



: ■:. •' 3 

T I.O Niarai 






LONDON : December 15 192 


Printing in America. 

Mr. George Eaton Hart Continues Impressions of his 
Recent Tour of Investigation in the United States. 

After dealing with the subject of compos- 
ing-room efficiency and indicating points of 
American superiority (as reported in last 
week's issue), Mr. Hart turned to technical 

In regard to the training of apprentices, he 
said, the boys are usually bound for five years 
on conditions and wages agreed upon by the 
unions, and are scaled on a percentage basis 
of the men's rates. They are registered on the 
books of the unions, and are at all times under 
the direction of the foreman, and supervision 
of the chairman of the union, in regard to 
discipline and the course of instruction given. 
They are compelled to attend the school one 
half-day per week, in the master's time, and 
to attend night school at least one night per 
week. At the end of the first year boys are 
tested, and if proved unsuitable by examina- 
tion within the year, the trade union refuses 
to give them an apprentice's card, and Mr. 
Hart found that during the previous year, 66 
per cent, of the students had been declined by 
the union as unsuitable for the trade. The 
most important feature of this combined con- 
trol is that the right boy is obtained, dis- 
cipline is maintained, a practical technical 
education is given, and, more important still, 
the apprentice is not entitled to the member- 
ship of the trade union until he has passed the 
final examination of the technical school. 

Except for these latter conditions he did not 
consider we in England and London have 
anything to be ashamed of in regard to our 
technical school training. He visited two 
schools on the recommendation of the New 
York Typothetae secretary : the Co-operative 

School at 42nd-street, New York, and the cele- 
brated school of Messrs. Donnelly at Lakeside 
Press, Chicago. In the former, the Employers' 
Associations, the trade unions, and the Guild, 
called the Hudson Guild, contribute $10,000 
each annually, whilst the Lakeside School, 
Chicago, is used entirely for the employees of 
Messrs. Donnelly, and is of a most extensive 
and practical character, under the control of 
that enthusiastic educationist, Mr. E. Sheldon. 
The variousStates, too, havediffering methods 
of Secondary Education, with a course of in- 
struction embracing the elements of any 
particular trade, but the somewhat meagre 
information obtained rather gave the impres- 
sion that, although considerable activity was 
being displayed, so far, bearing in mind the 
large area of thecountry, the actual centres for 
practical training are few and far between, 
and quite in the initial stage of development. 
The teaching in New York was thoroughly 
practical, with a department in charge of a 
lady, for giving advanced general education. 
There are, however, several important tech- 
nical colleges — one of the finest being the 
Carnegie Institute at Pittsburg, which is most 
complete in its equipment and organisation,, 
offering every grade of instruction, including 
scholarships for a four years' systematic train- 
ing, such as would delight the heart of Mr. 
Howard Hazell, although Mr. Hart gathered 
that scholarships were not eagerly sought 
after by the rank and file, owing to the high 
wages paid to apprentices. One of the largest 
colleges is in Indianapolis, and is equipped on 
a very extensive scale with Linotypes, Inter- 
types and Mono, machines. Large numbers 


December 15, 1921 

of operators graduate through this school, 
who, on leaving, pass a test of ens per 

Prodigious Machine Departments. 

Coming to the machine department, said 
Mr. Hart, one is amazed at the prodigious 
equipments of the great houses of America, 
the enormous open floor space (with windows 
all around) measuring 200 by 300 feet and 20 
to 25 or more floors, and the floors connected 
by large passenger and goods lifts of surpris- 
g :apacity. The machines form a square 
around the floor, the delivery end of the ma- 
chine facing the windows, with benches all 
around the windows, whereon sheets are 
examined, and overlay work is done; the 
centre of the room being left vacant for the 
storage of reels or flat paper and finished pro- 
duct from the presses. In several of the large 
houses visited, the machine rooms would ex- 
tend over three to four floors, grouped accord- 
ing to size and style of work produced. It 
was not unusual to find such machines on the 
twelfth or eve.11 top floor. In houses like the 
rial Prsss, Pictorial Review, Butterick's, 
Curtis of Philadelphia, Roebucks of Chicago, 
and many others, one was struck with the 
number of rotary machines specially built for 
particular work. For rotanes you have art 
machines running 5,000 to 7,000; two-colour 
machines at 6,500; four-colour rotaries, de- 
livering either flat or folded, with slip sheet 
inserted, and in other cases printed covers 
automatically fed, and the whole product 
folded and wire stitched at 2,500, although 
a:tuallv the latter machines run much faster ; 
but the output is reduced by the frequent 
stoppages to wash up, and the putting on and 
taking off of the rollers For two or four- 
colour work the sheet is often delivered in the 
flat in order to distribute the colour work 
through the text pages. The quality of this 
colour work is wonderfully good, but ob- 
viously, it cannot equal the slower output of 
the two colour Miehle. In fact, only the 
special conditions of huge numbers could 
justify the use of the rotary principle. The 
most striking use of the rotary, however, was 
in the production of the huge store catalogues 
and telephone registers, consisting of 1,000 to 
1,500 pages. In houses like Donnelly's and 
Hall's of Chicago, thirty to fifty rotaries are 
employed on this work, printing 192 quarto 
pages, and delivering in six 32pp. at 6,000 to 
8,000 of each section per hour, the run amount- 
ing to millions, working day and night, and 
Sundays during the busy season. 

The principal rotary machines used for the 
highest class of colour work are the Cotterell, 
Hoe and Goss, as well also for the highest 
production on half-tone work. For sheet-fed 
rotaries the best was the double-sheet fed 
rotary of the United Printing Machine Co. 
Perfecting machines are little used, but the 
American Miehle, single and two-colour, are 
in universal use, although the Premier ma- 
chine, manufactured by the Potter Company, 
is becoming popular. For small machines 
the Kelly Press in a great favourite. The 
machines generally are of the latest type, and 

old patterns, such as are found in most Eng- 
lish offices, do not exist. 

Make-Ready Methods. 

Make-ready is done in the usual way by the 
overseer marking the sheet, both cut overlay 
and chalk process for half-tones being used. 
In making register for black, and particularly 
for colour, the lining-up machine is in com- 
mon use. The Galvani process of electros is 
used, and blocks and plates are carefully pre- 
pared by what is commonly known here as 
"bumping" in the foundry, but which in the 
States is claimed as a patent under their 
Patent Laws, and called the " McKie Process." 
The bumping process, as is well known, is 
considerably practised in London and Eng- 
land, but is employed in a very clever manner 
in the States, where Mr. Hart found that in 
the making ready on a four-colour rotary a 
saving of time of 25 per cent, was effected. In 
the large rotary shops the plates are made 
ready on a miniature cylinder, identical with 
the press, which takes three plates, where 
both under and overlays are put up, thus ma- 
terially expediting the starting up of the 
machine. By far the largest number of 
rotary machines use the continuous set-off, 
the "slip tympan " and the Nelson system is 
but little favoured. On flat machines the 
output generally exceeds ours, and may be 
taken at an average of 1,200 auto fed, and 
1,100 hand fed, for large-sized sheets, with 
comparatively short runs of 10, 20, or 50,000. 
Almost invariably, however, flat machines are 
fitted with automatic feeding apparatus — the 
pile feeder for very long runs, and the Gross 
principle for smaller runs. As is well known, 
the machine assistant, besides his ordinary 
duties as feeder, assists the minder in the 
actual make-ready on all machines, thus 
materially expediting the starting, and there- 
by effecting economy. 

Remarkable Warehouse Organisation. 

It is, however, in the warehouse department 
that one finds the perfection of organisation, 
with the use of every conceivable labour- 
saving appliance; the absence of any but 
actual machine operatives is remarkable, so 
much is hand labour displaced by machinery. 
The area of the floors is amazing. The work 
passes through in a sequence of concurrent 
motion, the transference from one process to 
another being, where possible, by hand 
carriers, or the large three-sided trolley, with 
the product so stacked in it that it is ready 
for the following process. Thus, flat sheets 
come into the room on trolleys, which deliver 
to folding machines, and then to the gather- 
ing and wiring or complete binder, and from 
here to the trimming, and hence to the 
despatch on band ca r riers. All shavings from 
the cutting machines, the binding, and in- 
deed all waste, are sucked away from the 
machines, and conveyed to a chamber at the 
bottom of the building, where the dust is ex- 
tracted, and the waste paper fed into the 
baling machine and delivered to the vans 

Time did not permit Mr. Hart to mention 

December 15, 1921. 


more than general particulars, although he 
remarked that quite an interesting evening 
might be spent in describing the well-known 
great American house of the Curtis Company 
of Philadelphia, in connection with which 
the mode of receiving and handling of paper 
alone, this firm must save a fortune compared 
to many of the large firms in England. At 
Curtis's all the paper is received in reels only, 
and cut up for flat when necessary, in a 
special department, to the exact sizes re- 
quired. The paper is received by motor, and 
rolled on to a platform of uniform height to 
the motor, and is then rolled to the powerful 
lift into a receptacle in the shape of a cradle, 
making it easy to roll into, and also to roll 
out by a sloping platform to the floor. Here 
the end of the reel, carrying particulars of 
number and weight, is cut off and filed, the 
wrapper slit down and the paper rolled out of 
its cover down to the floor level, where it is 
stacked by means of the Electric Revolutor 

Costing in America. 

Although he had left costing to the last, Mr. 
Hart said heshould have dealt with thisat the 
outset, for the American Costing System is not 
only the inspiration and barometer of organi- 
sation and equipment, but it is the sheet 
anchor of the whole business, be it great or 
small. Any printer, he declared, who neglects 
this important department is not only un- 
faithful to his customer, and a fool to himself, 
but oftentimes proves himself dishonest to his 
creditors. Nothing convinced him more of 
this than the fact, that in America the printer 
who uses the Federation Costing System, can 
obtain from his banker much better terms of 
credit than those unassociated. So highly do 
the keen business printers of America esteem 
the Costing System, that they refuse member- 
ship of the Typothetae to those who will not 
adopt it. 

Just as their businesses are planned on the 
most scientific and progressive methods 
mechanically, in the same way their costing 
methods are most thorough and practical. 
Our English price lists are puny compared to 
those issued by the Typothetae, whose lists 
embrace almost every conceivable description 
of printing, making provision for every detail 
of possible variation of an estimate or 
charge, and giving printed samples of the 
actual job itself. This is contained in a 
handsome loose-leaf handbook in leather, con- 
sistingof 2ooormore pages with cut-in indices. 

Every month the leading printers in Boston 
send in an elaborate form, filled up showing 
the business done-, and the cost in each de- 
partment, and these are compared and dis- 
cussed by the executives, and the hour rates 
are corrected according to the ascertained 
costs. The result is that there is a market 
rate of cost which is given as a guide to each 
member of the Typothetae. To show the con- 
fidence which consumers of printing have in 
the system in America, one very large printing 
house visited had contracts for printing a 
large number of periodicals, when the costs, 
as shown by the system, plus an agreed profit, 
were accepted as a settlement of the charges. 

Further emphasising the importance of an 
adequate costing system for every printer, Mr. 
Hart claimed that the printer with the cost- 
ing system is better able, and consequently 
more likely, to treat his customer fairly and 
honourably, than the man whose haphazard 
methods only enable him to guess at the cost. 
His American trip amply confirmed Mr. Hart's 
point of view. 

General Conclusions. 

After referring briefly to the immense estab- 
lishment of the Government Printing Works 
at Washington, Mr. Hart tried in a few sen- 
tences to draw some conclusions as to the 
strong points of American printers. In the 
first place, both the directors and the man- 
agers are highly skilled, technically, and are 
chosen for ability only. Much larger capital 
is employed. The bulk of the output is infi- 
nitely greater. The organisation and equip- 
ment is better, even in modest offices like 
Benjamin Franklin's offices at Philadelphia, 
which were visited. The American's wider 
vision is only exceeded by his enthusiasm, 
whilst his enterprise transcends the whole, 
and is an eye-opener to the phlegmatic 
Britisher. He organises on the grand scale, 
both as to buildings, floor space, and equip- 
ment, and draws every cent's value out of his 
investment. The director of one huge firm 
told Mr. Hart that for twenty years the whole 
of their surpluses had been applied to exten- 
sions ; the business as seen was simply 
colossal. This enterprise, too, was further 
exemplified in New York, where a syndicate 
of printers and allied trades owned and occu- 
pied a large building of twenty-one floors — 
called the Printing Crafts Building — with a 
total floor space of fifteen acres. The pro- 
prietor of a large section was Mr. Charles 
Francis, who had been a member of the L.S.C. 
and had worked at Straker's in Camomile- 
street in the '6o's. 

In conclusion, Mr. Hart added that every- 
where he and his companions were received 
with extreme kindness and courtesy. 

On the conclusion of Mr. Hart's lecture the 
meeting was thrown open for questions and 
discussion, Mr. W. Howard Hazell, from the 
chair, making a start by some interesting 
references to his own American tours, which 
enabled him to corroborate some of the points 
made by Mr. Hart. 

Mr. J. R. Riddell had some comments to 
make on technical education in America, and 
emphasised especially the stress laid in the 
States on care in the selection of boys for 
training. He remarked, too, upon the effi- 
ciency of the foundry in America, maintain- 
ing that the thoroughness of foundry work in 
producing plates requiring a minimum of 
make-ready was the strongest point in Ameri- 
can printing trade organisation. 

In answer to Mr. J. VV. Carley, Mr. Hart 
said that the ratio of managerial work to 
directly productive labour was greater in 
America than here. He was struck with the 
number of departments over there, each with 
separate management. 

62 4 


ECEMBER 15, 1921. 

After a number of other questions had been 
asked and answered. Mr. T. W. MoAra and 
Mr. H. \V. Howes, who were both on the 
platform, moved and seconded respectively a 
cordial vote of thanks to the lecturer and the 
chairman. This was carried with acclama- 
tion, and the meeting ended with a brief 
response from Mr. Hart. 


The plant and machinery of the Clerken- 
well Folding Box Co., Ltd., 12, Clerkenwell- 
green. came under the hammer last week, Mr. 
Edwin YV. Evans, 150, Fleet-street, being the 
auctioneer. There was a fair attendance of 
buyers, but prices were rather low. A 40-inch 
lever millboard cutter, by Leber, brought 
£12 ; a 3g-inch rotary cutter, by Furnival. 
£14 ; and a nearly new 29^ inch rotary cutter, 
by J. Grieg and Sons, £25. A nearly new, 
Size II.. No. 29 folding box wire stitching ma- 
chine, by Hampson, Bettridge and Co., was 
knocked down for £"17 10s. ; a 16 -inch 
" Prakma " folding box glueing machine for 
£13 ; a similar machine brought the same 
price, and a third went for £12 10s., a 12 inch 
" Prakma " going for £8 10s. A " Universal " 
cutting and creasing press, by the National Ma- 
chine Co., ci| by 2'i\ inches inside chase, sold 
for £17 10s ; a demy folio Colt's heavy platen 
press brought £18, and a crown "Caxton" 
platen £40 ; a royal folio " Caxton " went for 
£35. A nearly new 38-inch diagonal guillo- 
tine paper cutting machine, by Crossland, 
went cheap at £60. A skellet folding, glue- 
ing, and rolling machine, by M. C. Ritchie, 
sold for £"105, a demy folio "Britannia'' 
platen, by Furnival, for £60; and a demy 
folio " Mitre " platen, by Dawson, for £10. A 
39^-inch rotary cutting and scoring machine, 
by Friedheim, went for £75, and a " Universal " 
steel rule bender for £6 15s. 

Mr. R. H. Ruddock, of 71, Fleet-street, E.C., 
conducted a sale last week of surplus machi- 
nery and plant, disposed of at 27, Camomile- 
street, E C , by order of the proprietor, who 
had removed to more commodious premises. 
Among the prices got were the following:— 
A crown "Imperial Albion" proof press, by 
Matthews, £q ; a " Universal " stereotyping 
machine, fitted for power, with saw and drill- 
ing attachments, etc., £5 5s.; a demy folio 
" Bremner " platen, £"io 10s. ; a demy folio 
"Bremne r " Wharfedale, £"60; a quad demy 
Wharfedale, by Furnival, £"12 10s. ; a double 
crown " Bremner " cylinder printing machine, 
£"19 ; a 32-inch self-clamp guillotine, by Fur- 
nival. £26 ; a double demy " Bremner " cylin- 
der press, £"65 ; an 8 h p. " National " gas 
engine, £5 ; a double crown sectional folding 
machine, £"40 ; a 32-inch " Express " guillotine, 
by Furnival, £25; a quarto "Monarch" 
platen, by Hampson, Bettridge and Co , £16 
10s. ; a " Cropperette " platen, £"16 ; a double 
royal Wharfedale, by Payne and Sons, £52 
10s. ; a crown folio platen, by Cropper, £10 ; 
a demy folio, by Cropper, £"14 ; a royal self- 

inking "Lightning" proof press, by Soldon, 
£"32 10s. ; and a double demy Wharfedale, by 
Payne and Sons, for £"i 15. 



Important Business at Annual fleeting. 

There was a good rally of members at the 
annual general meeting of the P. M. and O. A. 
held at the "Old Bell," Holborn, on Tuesday 
of last week, when the agenda included 
several important items of business. 

The minutes of the November meeting 
having been read and approved, the secretary 
mentioned that apologies for unavoidable 
absence had been received from Mr. E. H. 
Berryman (detained by illness), also from Mr. 
G. Phillips and Mr. W. H. Mann. 

Mr. W. F. Hill (C. F. Roworth, 88, Fetter- 
lane : (overseer— machine), was elected a mem- 
ber, and Mr. A. E. Jarvis, in the chair, gave 
him a personal welcome into the Association. 
Report and Balance-Sheet. 

The next business was the consideration of 
the twenty-eighth annual report and balance- 
sheet (previously circulated to members). 

The balance-sheet was taken first and Mr. 
Jarvis read the report of the senior auditor, 
Mr. Mann, who expressed entire satisfaction 
with the accounts and stated that every 
assistance had been given for the thorough 
scrutiny of books and vouchers. He con- 
gratulated the secretaries and the Association 
as a whole upon the very business-like way in 
which the accounts are kept. The junior 
auditor, Mr. H. W. Jackson, was present and 
corroborated what Mr. Mann had written. 
The adoption of the balance-sheet was 
unanimously approved. 

The annual report was then considered. 
When the president invited members to find 
something to say about it, Mr. S. A. Dawson 
proved willing to oblige, and, by a few words 
of rather slashing criticism, succeeded in 
evoking some lively discussion. His principal 
point was a suggestion that the revision-of- 
rules committee had not proved efficient. He 
also inquired as to the times of committee 
meetings and number of evenings occupied 

Mr. A. W. Hart reverted to the question of 
attendances and wanted to know how much 
time a committee member must put in at a 
meeting before being allowed to sign the 

In the course of discussion personal criti- 
cisms were exchanged between several mem- 
bers, but the subject was not deemed worthy 
of further time being spent upon it, the 
president, secretary and others having assured 
the meeting that attendances were in general 
satisfactory and that members were doing 
their best for the Association. 

The report was passed unanimously. 

The question of the prizes provided by the 

December 15, 192 1 


Association for technical students was nex 
considered. On the motion of Mr. G.H.T. was agreed to leave this matter 
to be decided by the Council. 

New Council and Officers. 

Four scrutineers were next selected and 
voting papers distributed for the election of 
ten members to fill vacancies on the Council. 

Mr. Jarvis announced that as a result of the 
nominations at the November meeting, the 
following were elected unopposed .—Presi- 
dent, Mr. S. M. Bateman ; vice president, Mr. 
R. H. Berry; treasurer, Mr. C. Durston ; 
trustees, Messrs. J. C. Pugh and G.Phillips; 
general secretary, Mr. E. W. Whittle ; financial 
secretary, Mr. W. H. Gill ; hon. technical 
secretary, Mr. H. Blackwell. Mr. Jarvis men- 
tioned that this was his last appearance as 
president. He thanked members for the 
support given him during his term of office 
and bespoke the same consideration for his 
successor, Mr. S. VI. Bateman. He then shook 
hands with Mr. Bateman, welcoming him as 
the new president. 

Mr. Bateman, having been installed as 
chairman, thanked members for the honour 
done to him and assured them that he would 
do his best for the Association. 

Mr. R. H. Berry expressed himself in similar 
fashion. Referring to the third pension 
effort, entered upon under Mr. Jarvis's leader- 
ship, he suggested it would be a fine compli- 
ment to the retiring president and a relief to 
the incoming officers if the third pension 
were completed this year. 

Mr. Jarvis read a letter from Mr. Mortimer 
warmly thanking the Association for their 
cheque for £"200, the second contribution on 
the pension account. 

Brief speeches followed by others of the 
officers elected, including Mr. E. W. Whittle, 
Mr. C. Durston, Mr. J. C. Pugh and Mr. W. H. 

Presentation to Mr. Jarvis. 

A departure from the Association's past 
custom was made on this occasion, a presen- 
tation being made to the retiring president. 
Mr. Bateman, on behalf of the Council, handed 
Mr. Jarvis a gold medallion badge of the 
Association bearing Mr. Jarvis's name and 
years of office engraved on the back. He ex- 
pressed the Association's good wishes for the 
future, remarking that Mr. Jarvis had won 
everybody's respect by the way in which he 
had conducted the business of the Association 
during his two years as president. 

Mr. Jarvis responded, expressing his thanks 
and appreciation. Looking to the future he 
said he thought the Association was going to 
figure much more largely in the affairs of the 
trade than in the past. For that reason 
modification of their rules might have to be 
effected more frequently than at present. 
Membership Qualification. 

Consideration was next given to a recom- 
mendation by the Council : "That a special 
delegate meeting be held in February, 1922, 
to consider the proposed alteration to 
Rule 4." 

The secretary fully explained the position 

with regard to this alteration, the purport of 
which is to restrict membership in the Asso- 
ciation to actual managers or overseers as 
distinguished from working managers or 
overseers. He intimated that the Yorkshire 
Centre had strongly supported the Parent 
Association's proposal, but the other Centres 
had rejected it on the ground that the altera- 
tion would hinder their extending their mem- 
bership. He pointed out the urgency of the 
matter in view of their relations with the 
Typographical Association, and strongly 
opposed the suggestion that the matter be 
postponed to the next delegate meeting in 

Messrs. Bateman, Pugh, Dawson, Gill, 
Burton and Barker took part in a discussion 
on this point, all stressing the need for 
prompt action in safeguarding the status of 
the Association in the manner proposed. It 
was pointed out that the proposal was not 
retrospective ; present members would not be 

The Council's recommendation being put 
to the vote, it was adopted unanimously. 

Under "General Business" the secretary 
proposed a grant from the Benevolent Fund 
of £10 to Mrs J. M. Rignall, of Dublin, widow 
of a late much respected member. This was 

On the proposition of Mr. Dawson, the 
Association's best thanks were given to the 
retiring members of the Council. 

The meeting then resolved itself into a 
special general meeting to consider a recom- 
mendation by the Council: "To add to 
Article 9 of Regulations for Affiliated Centres: 
—'On acceptance of a member the nomina- 
tion form to be forwarded to the Parent 
Association.' " 

The advantages of the general secretary 
having a complete record of membership were 
pointed out, and after a short discussion the 
Council's recommendation was unanimously 

The meeting closed with the announcement 
of the results of the election for Council. The 
ten members elected, with votes obtained 
were : Messrs. F. W. Hume and A. E. Jarvis. 83 
each; R. Condliff,7o; W.H.Mann, 68; J. A. B. 
Reed, 65 ; A. W. Paul, 59 ; H. Roberts. 57 ; R 
B. Hardie, 57; H. J. Gallon, 56; and R 
Simpson, 55. 

Si. Bfifle Foundaiion_PrintinQ Scuool 

An examination in costing under the 
auspices of the Stationers' Company and 
Printing Industry Technical Board takes 
place at Stationers' Hall at 6.30 on Monday 
next, December 19th, when close on 100 can- 
didates are due to take the examination. 

Enrolments are now being made for the 
autumn term of instruction in costing, sales- 
manship, offset printing, collotype and print- 
ing ink. It is desirable that those wishing to 
take up any of these classes should make im- 
mediate application to the Principal. 







Latest Improvements on the "SLOGGER." 

Aluminium Stroker Arms avoiding all bending. 

More accessible Pile Raising Adjuster. Absolutely self-locking. No lock nuts to work loose. 

Automatic side lay giving perfect register. 

Fine tli read Caliper Adjustment which immediately stops machine and feeder if two or more sheets are stuck 

Starting and Trip Handles. All controls in one place. 
Bevel Drive instead of Chain. 

Fan for air draft mounted in one unit on Base of Feeder. 

Feather collapsible joint to allow air-box movement without the use ol perishable rubber. 
Air throttle control adjusted in a few seconds for any thickness of paper or board 

12. Pile Raising Handle for raisins pile to starting height at the commencement of each loading. 


Perfect Automatic Register. No continual re-loading. 

Can be attached to any make of sheet-fed press or folding machine. 

Manufactured and Supplied by 

The Slogger Engineering Co., Ltd., 

Head Office : - 

Telephone : Central 641. 


Telegrams : Cent. 641, London. 






Trade Notes. 

Employers confer with the Typographical 
Association representatives to-day (Thursday) 
regarding mono caster attendants. 

Mr. Frederick James Winkle y, of South- 
warkstreet, London Bridge, printer and 
stationer, who died on Oct. 17th, left property 
of the gross value of £11,366. 

A mass for the repose of the soul of the late 
Mr. A. Chris. Fowler will be said at 10 o'clock 
on Friday morning (Dec. 16th) at St. Marv's 
Church, Eldon-street, EC. 

We understand negotiations are proceed- 
ing between the London Master Printers' 
Association and the London Society of Com- 
positors in connection with the new lino 
piece scale. 

We hear that the London Master Printers 
Association has asked for a conference with 
the London Society of Compositors on the 
19th inst. to discuss the proposed reduction of 
half-a-crown in wages. 

Louis STERCK.aged 42. Belgian, described 
as a process operator, Old Compton-street, 
W.C.wasat Bow-street on Tuesday remanded 
on a provisional extradition warrant charg- 
ing him with forging banknotes. 
* Printing and bookbinding machinery im- 
ported into Canada during the five months 
ended August, 1921, was of the value of 
£m 2,000, as against £1,522 last year and 
£775,000 during the five months of 1919. 

Copyright of Designs.— The Federation of 
Master Printers is taking legal opinion as to 
the best way of protecting the interests of its 
members in this matter, which is of special 
importance to the lithographic section of the 

Our subscribers, Messrs. Laxmichand 
Dossabhai and Bros., of Rajkot, India, are 
compiling an illustrated volume " The Prince 
of Wales and Princes of India," and would be 
glad to get in touch with printers in this 
country with a view to having the production 
carried out here. 

A meeting of the committee of the Linotype 
Users' Association will be held at 24, Holborn, 
on January nth, when the business will be 
the winding-up of the affairs of the Linotype 
Users' Association with a view to the Asso- 
ciation being merged with the Newspaper 
Society, as empowered by resolution of the 
annual meeting of members on May nth. 192 1 

Mrs. Lilian Mary Thring was charged at 
Bow-street on Friday in relation to an article 
which had appeared in a paper called Out of 
Work, of which she was editress. Edward 
Froude, printer, Old Kent-road, was sum- 
moned in connection with the printing of the 
paper. It was alleged that the article was 
calculated to cause disaffection among the 
police and to induce them to withhold their 
services. Mr. Froude was bound over in £50. 
Mrs. Thring was fined £10, and given 21 days 
in which to pay. 

Messrs. Jas. Todd and Son are to build a 
new printing works in Sunderland. 

Mr. John W. Coghlan, journalist, of Man- 
chester, died on Thursday last, aged 52. 

Last week saw the appearance of No 1 of 
the Steering Wheel, a fortnightly journal for 
taxicab owners. 

The late Mr. William Henry Poole, of Stam- 
ford, editor of the Lincoln, Rutland and Stam- 
ford Mercury for 28 years, left £791. 

The Rochdale Branch of the Typographical 
Association are giving their superannuated 
members 10s. each as a Christmas Box. 

The death took place at his residence in 
Queen-street, Bridgend, on Sunday, of Mr. 
R. H. Dyer, printer, at the age of 73. 

Mr. W. M. Bamford, editor of the Co-opera- 
tive News and of other periodicals of the co- 
operative movement, died on Tuesday. 

The Spanish Carlist newspaper El Correo 
Espanol, which, during the war, was one of 
the most pronounced pro-German organs in 
Spain, has ceased publication. 

Alderman Lambert Fletcher, of Wal- 
mersley-road, Bury, letterpress printer, the 
oldest member of the Town Council, and for 
several years mayor, left £7,050. 

Fleet-street journalists and representa- 
tives of the printing trade attended a 
memorial service to the late Sir Arthur Pear- 
son at St. Clement Danes on Tuesday. 

The proprietorsof the publication Piccadilly, 
Messrs. Hogg and Knight, Ltd., 49, Strand, 
London, last week, successfully sued a Leam- 
ington firm of furnishers for £39 6s. being the 
cost of making and supplying seven printing 

Messrs. Hill, Siffken and Co., Ltd., in- 
form us that in the recent competitions at the 
Printing Exhibition held in April-May last, 
the judges have awarded them the Gold 
Medal for their exhibit of pictorial posters, 
this being the second occasion upon which 
they have gained the Gold Medal for posters 

Messrs. Langley and Sons, Ltd., of the 
Euston Press, N-.W.i. send us a copy of an in- 
teresting new booklet they have issued, 
giving reproductions of some of the posters 
they exhibited at the last Internationa) 
Printing Trades Exhibition. At the same 
time they inform us that they have just re- 
ceived an intimation that we have again 
been awarded the Gold Medal for this Exhi- 

Books for Latvia.— Writing from the Man- 
sion House, Sir John Baddeley appeals for 
standard works in our language— disused 
school books, scientific, engineering, and 
other professional works— for which their 
owners no longer have any use He thus 
hopes to be able to make a New Year gift to 
Latvia of at least 50,000 volumes. Gifts 
should be sent to Sir Alfred T. Davies, K.B.E., 
C.B., care of The Consul-General for Latvia, 
329, Holborn, London, W.C.i. 


f>Pioi mter & £tati on k¥% 

December 15. 1921 



Printed and Published EVERY THURSDAY 

at 5S, Shoe Lane, London, E.C.4. 

Tel. : Stonhill. Fleet, London. Phone : 8407 City. 

SUBSCRIPTION: Per Annum, 8b. 3d. (POSTAGE 

Charges for Trade Advertisements: 

(Fall page 8 by 5\« ina.) 
Whole Page ... £4 10 1 ». d. 

Half Page ... 2 10 | One-eighth Page 17 6 
Third Page 1 17 6 One-third Colnmn 22 6 

Quarter Page ... 1 10 | One inch in Column 9 

An Extra Charge for Cover and Special Position!. 

Discounts according to Number of Insertions 
■Representatives throughout the United Kingdom and 
also in Australia, India. South Africa, United States 
Canada, etc. 

All communications for the "British and Colonial 
Pbiktsr and Stationkr" should be addressed and 
Cheques and Post Office Orders made payable to— 
8TONH1LL 4 GILLIS, 58, Shok-lank. London. E.C.4 

Cop iks may be purchased at the Offices, as above 
• r from Messrs. W. H Everett and Son, Ltd., newt- 
»tent8. 11. St. Bride-street, B.C.*. 


Current Topics. 

The Approach of Christmas. 

Although Christmas is so close upon us, 
it has to be reported, we fear, that the marked 
improvement of trade which the season should 
bring has not materialised to anything like 
the extent hoped for. Certain firms have 
experienced a rush of orders, and there has 
doubtless been some general improvement in 
the trade, but the old-style Christmas boom, 
in which all capacities of the industry were 
strained to the utmost and practically all the 
■unemployed absorbed, has failed to make its 

Christmas Holidays. 

With the holidays at hand, the employers' 
■associations and the trade unions are notify- 
ing theirmembersasto thearrangementsmade 
therefor by national agreement. Under the 
terms of the Hours and Holidays' Agreement, 
December 26th and 27th, which are to be 
observed as Bank Holidays, should be re- 
garded as recognised holidays for the printing 
trade. The following decision arrived at by 

the Hours and Holidays Committee on July 
22nd last, regarding payment for Bank Holi- 
days, is applicable to the Christmas holidays 
where short time is operative: "In the case 
of any employees who are working short time, 
payment for Bank Holidays shall be one-sixth 
of the weekly wages earned taking the aver- 
age of the four weeks immediately prior to 
the holiday. Payment shall be made at full 
rate if full time is resumed in the week in 
which the Bank Holiday occurs." Attention 
is also drawn to the clause in the agreement 
which states that "the closing down on the 
day preceding or following a recognised 
holiday shall be a matter for mutual agree- 
ment in each establishment," and any exten- 
sion of the holiday should be decided upon 
in accordance with this clause. The term 
" mutual agreement " means that the deci- 
sion to extend the holiday should be approved 
by a majority of the employees. 
* • . • 
Export Credits. 
From all accounts greater interest is being 
taken in the new export credits scheme by 
merchants and manufacturers and it is stated 
that applications for large amounts have 
been made to the Department of Overseas 
Trade. The interest displayed by manufac- 
turers has been marked, as hitherto the bulk 
of our export trade has been conducted 
through merchant houses. Negotiations are 
in progress which are expected to lead to a 
great deal of fresh business. 


Mr. Charles Higham, M.P., is one of those 
to whom a Knighthood has been granted on 
the termination of the post-war work of the 
Ministry of Transport, in recognition of ser- 
vices rendered. 

Mr. Higham, who is head of the well-known 
firm of advertising agents, Charles F. 
Higham, Ltd., entered Fleet-street 15 years 
ago as manager to Messrs. W. H. Smith and 
Sons' Advertising Agency, and two years later 
started in business for himself. 

Mr. R. B. Fishenden, M.Sc.Tech., has been 
lecturing to Cambridge printers on the sub- 
ject of " Simplicity and Progress in Commer- 
cial Printing." A report is unavoidably held 
over to next week. 

Mr. W. Warren, general secretary of the 
National Society of Electrotypers and 
Stereotypers delivered an address on the ap- 
prenticeship question at the monthly meeting 
of the Electrotypers and Stereotypers Mana- 
gers and Overseers Association on Tuesday 



Fourth Bohemian Concert. 

Success attended the bohemian concert 
with which the Association of Master 
Printers of the Central London Districts 
opened their winter session on Wednesday 
of last week. Mr. J. D. McAra, F.C.I.S., the 
president, was in the chair, supported by the 
vice-chairman, Mr. Oscar C. Griffith, and the 
committee, whilst the Association's energetic 
hon. secretary, Mr. W. H. Burchell, was very 
much to the fore supervising everything and 
helping to make the visitors feel at home. 
There was an excellent attendance, the audi- 
ence including a good proportion of ladies. 
Many well-known central London printers 
were present, and one noticed also visitors 
from other associations, and several repre- 
sentatives of 24 Holborn. 

The chairman opened the proceedings with 
a short speech, in the course of which he made 
the audience cordially welcome, and referred 
with satisfaction to the fact that the concert 
synchronised with the reaching of a settlement 
in Ireland which would result, it was hoped, 
in an increase in that security and stability 
now so much desired. 

L.M.P. A. President's Speech. 

Mr. R. A. Austen Leigh was present and 
during an interval of the concert programme 
was asked to address the gathering, which he 
accordingly did in a short humorous speech. 
Referring to the indeterminate nature of the 
"turn" required of him, he remarked that 
though his speech immediately followedsome 
imitations of cries heard in the Zoo, he was 
not going to provide imitations of master 
printers at a general meeting, or anything of 
that sort. (Laughter.) After expressing won- 
derment at the multiplicity of Mr. Burchell's 
activities, including his efforts toward the 
reduction of the postal rates, he went on to 
indicate some of the many calls made upon 
the time and energies of an L.M.P. A. presi- 
dent, and he intimated that it would be with 
some relief that he would shortly be handing 
over the presidency to his successor. 

Limitations of space forbid a detailed re- 
view of the concert programme, but the many 
items rendered by Mr. Claude Chandler's 
party provided an entertainment which was 
evidently enjoyed very thoroughly. Perhaps 
the item that evoked the loudest applause was 
one of Mr. Chandler's own contributions, a 
clever ventriloquial sketch, but the whole 
concert was a good one. It included songs 
by Miss Una Worth, and Miss Jennifer Gwyn; 
Mr. Noel Pherns showed himself a gifted 
comedian, and Mr. Lawrence Jackson proved 
an able pianist; whilst baritone songs by 
Mr. David Openshaw gained well-deserved 
applause. A very varied programme was 
brought to a bright conclusion by a burlesque 
of a Shakespearean scene in which Miss Gwyn 
and Messrs. Chandler, Pherns and Openshaw 
took part. 

"Natsopa" Ballot Invalid.— The ballot, 
which took place in May last, on the question 
of imposing a levj' of from bd. to 4s. on 
members of the National Society of Operative 
Printers and Assistants, was declared invalid 
in the Chancery Division on Wednesday of 
last week. The action was brought at the 
instance of certain members who declared 
that the ballot was not taken in accordance 
with the rules of the society. Mr. Justice 
Sargant said it was held by the plaintiffs 
that the executive council had no right to re- 
submit immediately a question that had 
already been decided. That objection, his 
lordship said, was unsustainable. The 
officials of the society were satisfied that the 
position of the society was critical, and it 
was their duty to call the attention anew to 
the position of affairs. One objection, how- 
ever, must prevail. It was quite clear that 
the rules were violated, because the scrutiny 
was made by a series of individuals who had 
no right to act in that capacity. As a result, 
plaintiffs were not bound to pay the levy 
authorised by that ballot as a condition of 
their retaining their membership or receiving 
the benefits of the society. Defendants must 
pay costs of the action. 

Whether the L.S.C. general secretary, Mr. 
T. E. Naylor is or is not, for the time being, to 
carry M.P. after his name is expected to be 
known by the time this issue is in the readers' 
hands. A manifesto in support of Mr. Naylor 
has been issued by the General Council of the 
Trade UnionCongress.the National Executive 
of the Labour Party, and the Parliamentary 
Labour Party. The manifesto says : " Mr. 
Naylor's whole public life proves him to be 
exactly what he declares himself to be— a 
Labour man who has at heart the best 
interests and welfare of all who work by hand 
or brain." 

The Association of Correctors of the Press 
having come to the conclusion that printers' 
readers are not eligible under the Unemploy- 
ment Insurance Act, is instructing its mem- 
bers to discontinue contributions. The 
Association proposes to establish a scheme of 
its own. 

We understand that no agreement has been 
reached after a conference in London between 
representatives of the Federation of Master 
Printers and the Typographical Association 
on the question of the enforcement of a fort- 
night's notice being given individually by 
employers before wages could be reduced in 
accordance with the national agreement. 

The London offices of the T.A. have 
been removed to 60, Doughty-street, W.C.i, 
the headquarters of the Printing and Kin- 
dred Trades Federation. Mr. F. Duckett has 
been elected secretarv in place of Mr. J. A. 

The North Wales and Border Counties 
Group of the T.A. is organising a Christmas 
Prize Draw in aid of the funds of the Group. 



member 15, 1921. 

gij: n:; - ? ■ ;.i!im ■ !i;:'i:. ::i- ■:::;■ :: -i: :. ,i; .!::: :: :in- n.: . :;:: 'm :::! ::i;i:; mm; 





Amalgamated Press, 5, : „, 5,',.., Pref., 15s. (jd. ; 
ted Newspapers. 6rd., 7 p.c. Cum.. 
id.. Pref.. 14s. 3d.; Jos. Byrom. us. 6d., 
12s. 3d.; Daily Mirror Newspapers, 8 p.c. 
Cum. Pref.. 18s. ; Thomas De la Rue, 8 p.c. 
Conv. 1st Mt. Deb. Stock (iss. at 98. £50 pd.), 
: II ford, 17s.: Lamson Paragon. 15s.. 
10 p.c. Cum. Pref.. f.p., 21s. o,d., 21s. 3d., (ditto 
paid up by instalments). 21s. 4§d. ; Lanston 
Monotype Corporation, 10s. 9d.. us.; Lino- 
type A Deb., 5ii B Deb., 52J; Edward Lloyd, 
Pref.. 16s. 6d. ; Chas. Morgan. 7s.; George 
Newnes, 13s. 3d., Pref., 12s. 3d.; Odham's Press, 
9s. 6d.. S p.c. Cum. Pref., 15s. 6d., 15s. 3d.; 
Sunday Pictorial Newspapers. Pref., 16s. 6d., 
16s. i^d. ; Raphael Tuck, 16s. 6d.. Pref., bos.; 
Wall-Paper Manufacturers. 10s. 6d., Def.. 4s., 
Pref.. 12s. ; Warrillows. 21s. 6d.. 21s. io|d. ; 
Waterlow and Sons Del., 14I, 14]^ Prefd.,8],' ; 
Weldon's, 33s. 3d.. Pref., 15s. 6d. ; Winter- 
bottom Book Cloth. 13. 13^. 


Argus Printing Co.— Accounts to October 
31st, 1921, show net profit, after providing 
for debenture interest, depreciation, etc., of 
£9,113, making available, with £"10,102 
brought forward, £19,215. Further divi- 
dend of 7 per cent., making 10 per cent., 
carrying £9,477 forward. 

Amalgamated Press. -Report of Amal- 
gamated Press for the year ended Oct. 31st, 
1921, shows profits, after writing off deprecia- 
tion of plant and buildings, etc., of £368,206. 
Directors recommend final dividend of 5s. a 
share on Ordinary, free of tax. In view of 
abnormal conditions and very high cost of 
buildings and plant directors have considered 
it necessary to write off a considerable 
amount of cost of new building and plant. 

"Times" Publishing Co.— Accounts of 
Publishing Co. for year ended June 
30th, 1921, show, after including credit for 
taxes recoverable and £23,890 brought for- 
ward, an available balance of £38,617; from 
this must be deducted preference dividend 
''paid in September last), leaving balance of 
£22,617 to be carried forward. 

Lady's Pictorial. — Accounts of Lady's 
Pictorial and Sporting and Dramatic Pub- 

lishing Co. to September 30th, 1921, show 
loss of £817. After providing for directors' 
fees, etc., and including £1,000 estimated sur- 
plus of reserve for doubtful debts, £1,428 
brought forward and £3,000 transferred from 
reserve, there is available £4,603. Directors 
propose dividend at rate of 5 per cent, per 
annum on preference shares for half-year to 
March 31st. Investments have been written 
down to approximate market value and de- 
preciation, £9,000, has been charged to reserve. 


R. L. Beall and Sons (Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne), Ltd.— Capital £2,000 in £1 shares. 
To take over the business of printers carried 
on at 42, Trafalgar-street, Newcastle on- 
Tyne, as " R. L. Beall and Sons," and to carry 
on the business of booksellers, stationers, 
account book manufacturers, paper manufac- 
turers, tag and label manufacturers, paper bag 
makers, etc. Private company. Directors: 
R. L. Beall, J. L. Beall and C. L. Beall. 
Registered office, 42, Trafalgar-street, New- 
castle-on Tyne. 

Lancaster Press, Ltd.— Capital £i,oco 
in £5 shares. To take over the business of 
printers, stationers, etc., carried on by S. J. M. 
Pratt and A. A. Applegate, at White Horse- 
street, Fakenham, Norfolk, as the " Lancaster 
Press." Privatecompany. Directors : S. J. M. 
Pratt, A. A. Applegate and Mrs. K. Pratt. 

Belman and Son, Ltd.— Capital £1,000 in 
£1 shares. General stationers, general mer- 
chants, etc. Private company. First direc- 
tors: Mrs. E. Belman, A. Belman S. Belman 
and H. S. Girvan. Registered office. 252, 
West George-street, Glasgow. 

A. C. Normington, Ltd.— Capital £1,000 
in £1 shares. To undertake and transact 
insurance and other agency business, to carry 
on business as printers, stationers, company 
promoters, financiers, etc. Private company. 
Directors: A. C. Normington and G. R. 
Fowler. Registered office, 17, Gracechurch- 
street, K.C. 

New Chromatic Programme Co., Ltd.— 
Capital £500 in £5 shares. To acquire the 
rights of publication and to print "The 
Chromatic Programme of London Amuse- 
ments." Private company. First directors: 
G. M. Williams, H. W. Hyde and W. K. 

December 15, 1921. 


ER^ 1 


Stretch. Registered office, 10S, Long acre, 
W. C.2. 

School Government Publishing Co., Ltd. 
(London). — Capital £1,000 in £1 shares. 
Newspaper proprietors, publishers, printers, 
etc. Private company. Subscribers: W. F. 
Cornish and A. Darby. First directors by sub- 

Theosophical Publishing House, Ltd.- 
Registered December 6th as a company 
limited by guarantee, without share capital. 
Proprietors and publishers of newspapers, 
journals, magazines, etc. The directors shall 
be the general secretaries of the Theosophical 
Society in England and Wales, in Scotland 
and in Ireland, the first being: Major D. G. 
Pole. Mrs. J. R. Bindley and P. L. Pielou. 
Registered office, 9, St. Martin-street, W.C.2. 

Fleet Advertising Co., Ltd. — Capital 
£1,000 in £1 shares. Private company. First 
directors: E. C. Wood. W. H. Skinner, W. E. 
Doluake, W. Stockwell, W. F. Skinner and S. 
Barnard. Registered office, 34. New Kent- 
road, S.E. 


Fresh Obligations registered pursuant to Section 93 of th e 
Companies' ( consolidation) Act, I 908, and Satisfactions re- 
gistered pursuant to Section «7 of the same Act. (The re- 
gistration of Satisfactions is not compulsory). 

Premier Printing Co. (Brighouse), Ltd.— 
Satisfaction in full on November 28th. 1921, 
of mortgage dated March 28th, 1916, securing 

Hewitt and Rudge, Ltd. (Printers).— Mort- 
gage dated November 24th, 1921, to secure 
£604 3s. 4d., charged on certain land and pre- 
mises in Whitley Bay. Holders: North 
ShieldsStandard Permanent Building Society. 

National Labour Press, Ltd. (Manchester). 
—Satisfaction in full on October 10th, 1919, of 
debenture and covenant dated September 13th, 
1918, securing £1,250. 

National Labour Press, Ltd. — Mortgage 
dated December 1st, 1921, to secure £1,500, 
charged on 17, Albion-street, Leicester. 
Holders : Leicester Co-operative Society. 

Copeland-Chatterson Co , Ltd. (Manu- 
facturers of perpetual ledgers, manifold billing 
systems, binders, etc.). — Deposit on November 
19th, 1921, of deeds of Dudbridge Lewers 
Mills, near Stroud, Glos., and freehold land 
adjoining, to secure all moneys due or to become 
due from company to Lloyds Bank not ex- 
ceeding £5,000. 

Fleet Journals. Ltd. (London).— Debenture 
dated October 27th, 1921, to secure £300, 
charged on the company's undertaking and 
property, present and future, including un- 
called capital. Holder: T. Malcolmson, 
" Powerscourt," Redhill, Surrey. 

Eburite Paper Co. (191Q), Ltd. (Padding- 
ton, W.).— Particulars of £20.000 debentures 
authorised November 9th, 1921 ; present issue 
£3,000; charged on the company's undertak- 
ing and property, present and future, includ- 
ing uncalled capital. 

Mr. Charles Bussey. 

Mr. Charles Bussey, the esteemed repre- 
sentative of the Grout Engraving Co., Ltd., 
whose death we announced last week, came 
of an old journalistic family, being the 
youngest son of the late Harry Findlater 
Bussey, "the father of Fleet-street," author 
of " Fifty Years of Journalism,'" etc., and one 
of the five famous brothers, whose work in 
the Reporters' Gallery of the House of 
Commons was so well known in the 
"eighties." Charles was apprenticed to a 
lithographic artist, and at the age of 21 
took charge of the art department in one of 
the largest printing firms in Manchester. He 
practised line engraving before photography 
was generally used, drawing his own illus- 
trations on paper, transferring them by a 
hand press to zinc, and often drawing direct 
on to the metal when working for the news- 
paper press. He contributed illustrations to 
the Manchester Guardian, the Manchester 
Evening News, and the Sunday Chronicle, 
and all tne journals of the Hulton group, 
also for most of the other Lancashire week- 
lies. He had been " on the road " for over 20 
years, and found his early training in art of 
immense value in preparing designs, "lay 
outs," and suggestions for his customers. His 
association with the Grout company had been 
most happy and great regret is expressed at 
his sudden demise. 

Mr, Henry Reeves. 

The town of Andover, Hampshire, was- 
poorer by the death, on December 5th, of 
Mr. Henry Reeves. The deceased gentleman, 
who had reached the age of 77 years, was 
apprenticed in 1858 to the Andover Standard 
Printing Co., Ltd., with which firm he was 
continuously identified for a period of 63. 
years, occupying the position of printer. Mr. 
Reeves was not only a keen craftsman during 
all those years of service, but built up for 
himself a reputation among his fellows for 
sterling ability and character. The funeral, 
which took place on Saturday at the Andover 
Cemetery, was attended by a large assembly 
of friends, and there were many floral tributes. 
fir. George Robb. 

Mr. George Robb, master printer and 
lithographer, of Aberdeen, died on Thursday 
last from heart failure, at the age of 76. Mr. 
Robb was formerly foreman in Messrs. Mac- 
niven and Cameron's lithographic establish- 
ment at Edinburgh. In 1867 he commenced 
business as a lithographer in Aberdeen, and 
gradually built upasubstantial business. On 
the occasion of the jubilee of his business in 
1917 he was entertained by the master printers 
of Aberdeen, and presented with handsome 
gifts. His son, Mr. A. B. Robb, solicitor, is the 
Town Clerk of Portsoy. 



ECEMBER 15, I921. 


::;;ii!iiiiiiiii!iiiiu:!i::;iii!i mi iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiii!!:::;::: ;:.imiiiii 

The Bookbinder. 

„... . 


Bindery Costing : A Call for Education. 

It will be remembered that the writer of our 
bookbinding " Notes and News " made further 
reference to the time docket last month, when 
the Federation of Master Printers came in for 
some criticism from his pen on account of the 
silence which has apparently been allowed to 
descend upon the subject of the bookbinders' 
docket. These strictures received further 
emphasis through our correspondence last 
week, Mr. H. Vick, of Manchester having 
written to register his protest against the 
alleged negligence of the Federation officials 
in allowing this urgent matter to be side- 

Some Healthy Impatience. 

As a rule, it is best for all concerned that 
anything in the nature of a trade grievance 
should be given frank and open expression, 
and certainly it is a healthy sign that we 
should have people of standing in the trade 
expressing themselves so strongly on the need 
for the general adoption of the binder's 
docket, and the harm that is done by delay in 
the introduction of this reform. The allega- 
tion of apathy on the part of the Federation 
officials is. however, another matter, and our 
own feeling is— though no word of protest 
has reached us on the subject— that the criti- 
cism put forward is hardly fair. We take it 
that the Federation of Master Printers, which 
has among those at its head several of our 
most eager exponents of scientific cost-find- 
ing, is very much alive to the need for accurate 
costs data from the binding department, as 
from every other section of a business. During 
the past few months, however, the air has 
been full of the wages dispute, and not only 
have the foremost advocates of bindery cost- 
ing been largely occupied therewith, but the 
atmosphere of a wages struggle is surely the 
least satisfactory one in which to attempt a 
forward movement in the direction of the 
overcoming of old-standing prejudices and 
the closer co operation of workpeople with 
employers. Moreover, is it wise to try to 
force this question in any way while there are 
large numbers of employees— and, we fear, a 
certain proportion of employers as well— who 
have not yet realised the present-day necessity 
for scientific cost finding ? 

Progress Being Made. 

But though no very tangible advance can 
be announced at the moment, we believe the 
costing authorities are by no means trying to 

shelve the question of the binders' docket, but 
that they are relying rather upon educative 
than upon legislative action as promising a 
happy issue out of the present difficulty, 
Meanwhile continual, if gradual, progress is 
being made in the right direction. It is clear 
that the inevitability of exact costing is now 
being increasingly recognised on every hand. 
A notable feature of Mr. George Eaton Hart's 
review of American printing, reported on 
another page of this issue, is his emphasis 
upon the detailed cost-finding insisted upon 
in the States, and his assurance that more 
thorough costing goes hand in hand with in- 
creased efficiency. A most encouraging sign 
of progress on this side of the Atlantic is the 
recent action of our Joint Industrial Council 
in giving its sanction to the Federation Cost- 
ing System. Employers and trade unionists 
having both accepted the principle of exact 
cost-finding, its application to all depart- 
ments of production is surely only a matter 
of time. With a little more experience of its 
working, and education as to its necessity, the 
bindery docket will be freed from the preju- 
dice which in some minds suggests imprac- 
ticability in its use or detriment to work- 
people through its misapplication. 
Educate ! Educate! 
The great need of the moment in regard to 
scientific cost-finding is education, and parti- 
cularly education of the worker. Recent ex- 
periments in the direction of organising joint 
costing meetings for employers and employed 
have given most promising results. Much 
could be done, too, by individual employers 
if they would find means to inform their 
workpeople of the necessity— in justice to 
customers, employees, and employer alike — 
that exact data of the cost of every job should 
be obtainable. Let those who realise the 
value of accurate cost-finding lose no oppor- 
tunity of spreading the knowledge of the sub- 
ject throughout every section of the trade. 
Scientific costing fo. bookbinders as well as 
for printers is a cause that is assured of even- 
tual victory ; the achievement of that victory 
will be hastened by every effort put forward 
to assist the educative process. 

Mr. F. O. Roberts, M.P., the representa- 
tive of the T.A. in Parliament, is making an 
appeal throughout the trade for the poor of 
West Bromwich, his constituency. 

December 15, 1921 


Binding Notes and News. 

The Docket Situation. 

Mr. Vick need not apologise for pursuing 
the binders' docket subject to further lengths 
considering the service that he is rendering to 
an important branch of the industry. It is 
due to the efforts of such as he that progress 
is made possible. In this particular problem 
it is incredible that we should have reached 
an impasse such as we appear to have come 
up against. The whole position is so con- 
fusing and contradictory owing to the vagaries 
that exist. Yet there they are and it remains 
for Mr. Vick, Mr. Harraway and a tew others 
to press for a clearer and more cohesive policy 
in regard to this particular issue. 
Dullness of Trade. 

The binding industry is still in the throes 
of the slump, with small prospect of early im- 
provement. Normally at this season of the 
year an amount of overtime is being worked, 
but instead of that short time is now the rule. 
On every hand one hears of staffs growing 
smaller and smaller, and still the hours of 
work have to be curtailed. The large users 
of books appear to have no requirements at 
all, and the evidence all round points to stocks 
bought in more prosperous days, which still 
remain to be worked off. All hopes are 
centred on the coming of the New Year, and 
there is a feeling that conditions will then 
improve. Our own opinion is that though 
trade may turn a little in the right direction 
there can be no return to normal business 
until the international situation rights itself. 
The number of books used up and required 
depends entirely upon the volume of general 
trade in the country, and as our trade is 
mainly dependent upon exports it follows 
that our prosperity is bound up with that of 
the world generally. The demand for ledgers 
and account books will increase when our 
engineers are sending engines and machines 
to Russia and when our cotton goods are 
being despatched to India and the East. 
Meantime the need for goodwill and realisa- 
tion of each other's difficulties, between Union 
and Federation members is greater than ever. 
The burden of depression is weighted equally 
in each pannier, and the load will appear so 
much lighter by recognition of the fact. 
The Materials fTarket. 

The market for bookbinding materials has 
not undergone any drastic change of late. 
Leathers remain at the prices which have 
ruled for several months past, the following 
representing average figures : — Glazed skivers, 
5d. to yd. per square foot ; embossed skivers, 
6d. to 8d. per square foot ; glazed basils, 
iod. ; roller basils, 6£d. to 8d. ; fair basils, 8£d. 
to 1 id.; rough sheep, 8d. and Qd. per foot; 
fleshes, 7d. ; rough morocco, iod. to is.; rough 
calf, is. 2d. to is. 6d.; fair calf, is.6d. to is.od.; 
pigskins, is. 6d. to 2s. 3d.; anglo's, is. Qd. to 
2s. 3d. ; goats, 2s. to 2s. 6d. 

Leather Bargains. 

The tanners and leather merchants are 
making up special parcels of skins at clear- 
ance prices prior to stocktaking and some 
very useful bargains are to be picked up at 
the moment. Red glazed basils for quarter 
binding are on offer at 5d. per foot, and good, 
clear skins for best work at 8^d. per foot. 
Well selected roller basils are offered at 7^d. 
per square foot, and clearance skivers at 4^d. 
to 5^d. in a series of colours and designs. Un- 
doubtedly to the house which can afford it 
the present is a good time to buy leather 
against probable requirements. The improved 
demand in the boot trade is said to be exer- 
cising an influence on the price of hides for 
bookbinding purposes, particularly, of course, 
anglos and calfs. A steady demand would no 
doubt eventually harden the market but up to 
now that effect has not been felt. 

Long-Wearing Leathers. 

J. Hewitt and Sons, of Edinburgh, are 
demonstrating some office books and furni- 
ture, covered or upholstered in pigskin, 
morocco and calf leather which has seen 20 to 
40 years' service. We are told that despite 
the long record of continuous use, the material 
is very little the worse for wear. If all modern 
leathers could offer the same prospect the 
bookbinder would lose a lot of repair work in 
the next twenty years. That is one way of 
looking at it, though it doesn't reflect much 

Adheslves, Cloths, Qold and Boards. 

Glues, bookcloths, calicoes and fabrics 
generally remain unaltered in price. There 
has been a reduction in " Rex " diy paste and 
to the user who can place ton contracts there 
is a very considerable advantage to be gained. 
Gold leaf is a little easier and ample stocks 
are available in this country. A reduction in 
the price of book edge locks and fittings is 
announced, and makers are badly in need of 
orders. Millboards are down in price, but the 
best machine and hand-made boards are still 
three to four times their pre- u ar price. Dutch 
strawboards are quoted £8 10s. per ton, 8 to 
16 oz. basis, with usual extras. Supplies are 
gradually being reduced and a hardening 
movement would not be altogether un- 

The editor of the Allahabad Independent, 
who, with a number of other Nationalists, 
was recently arrested, has been sentenced to 
18 months' simple imprisonment, with a fine 
of 2,000 rupees, and an additional three 
months' in default, for publishing an article 
advocating recruiting for the Congress Vol- 
unteers ; and also to a further six months' 
simple imprisonment and 1,000 rupees, and 
three months' in default, for being a member 
of the Congress Volunteers. 

?W^£ot klTC P /JL «iT AT 3 r» kj tS^^iU 


December 15, 1921. 



There was a good muster of members at the 
monthly meeting of the Association held on 
the 6th inst.. at the headquarters, St. Bride 
institute, bride-lane. E.G. 4. the president (Mr. 
A. W. Hart) occupying the chair and the vice- 
president (Mr. H. Milton) supporting. Most 
of the evening's proceedings were occupied 
bv an interesting lantern lecture given by Mr. 
G. W. Riley (H.M. Stationery Office), on a 
• Swiss Tour." This was the second lecture 
given by Mr. Riley on this subject, and like the 
first, was greatly appreciated by the members. 

The minutes of the previous meeting were 
read and confirmed, and the correspondence 
submitted included a letter from Mr. E. A. 
Clifford, hon. solicitor of the Association, 
who wrote regretting his inability to address 
the members that night as promised owing to 
his having important provincial business in 

Mr. Boyce, of Henry Boyceand Co., printers' 
•engineers, was next elected to honorary mem- 

The two auditors elected for the ensuing 
year were Messrs. E. W. Tuff and W. T. 

Mr. Riley's lecture, illustrated mostly from 
photographs of his own taking, was listened 
to with very great attention. Staiting from 
Zermatt he threw on to thescreen some of the 
giant mountains of snow in the Bernese Ober- 
land, and in vivid language described the 
wonderful scenes witnessed on the summits at 
sunrise and sunset. Interesting, too, were 
views of the Valley of the Grindelwald and 
of the Wetterhorn from the top. The conquest 
of the Matterhorn by Edward Whymper and 
his party of intrepid Alpine climbers, and the 
fate which befel Lord Alfred Douglas were 
graphically described and depicted. Mr. 
Riley, in concluding, spoke of the principal 
characteristics of the Swiss people, of whom 
he had the very highest opinion. 

A vote of thanks to Mr. Riley, moved by the 
president and seconded by Mr. A. G. Aves, 
was heartily endorsed. 

Mr. Geo. A. Eden, the general secretary, 
took the opportunity of tendering seasonal 
greetings to the members, it being the last 
occasion in which he would be able to do so 
in his present capacity. 

The following matches were played on 
Saturday and resulted as shown : — 
Printers' Football League. 

Co-Operative Printing Society, 7 ; Oyez, 4. 
Amalgamated Press, 5 ; King's Printers, o. 
Armoury, 5 ; Falcon, 3. St. Clements Press, 
4 ; Britannia, o. 

Annuaire de L'Imprimerie. par Arnold 

Muller— 1921-1922. Paris: Arnold Muller, 

79, rue Dareau. Prix, 6 francs. 

We have received a copy of this well-known 
annual, now in its 32nd year, and can again 
commend it to all interested in the printing 
trade of France. The new edition has been 
revised up-to-date and will be found a most 
useful work of reference, containing as it does 
a mass of trade information, technical, legal 
and historic, with directories of trade firms in 
France, the French colonies, Luxembourg, 
Belgium and Switzerland. The volume runs 
to about 450 pages, 6| in. by 4! in., and is ser- 
viceably covered in cloth boards. 

" Winter's Pie," the Christmas number of 
" Printers' Pie," makes an excellent show this 
year, the contributors including W. Pett 
Ridge, VVm. Le Queux, Keble Howard and 
Geo. R. Sims, while there are numerous 
black-and white and colour illustrations, re- 
producing pictures by H. M. Bateman, Starr 
Wood, W. Heath Robinson, Will Owen and 
other well-known artists. This publication 
is issued by the " Pie Publications, Ltd." The 
whole of the £"10,000 5 per cent, preference 
shares in the company are held by the trustees 
of the " Printers' Pie Trust," for the benefit 
of the Printers' Pension, Almshouse and Orphan 
Asylum Corporation ; the Newspaper Press 
Fund ; the Royal Literary Fund : the Book- 
sellers' Provident Institution ; the Newsven- 
dors' Benevolent and Provident Institution ; 
and the Artists' General Benevolent Insti- 

Printing Book Covers.— The question of 
printing versus blocking of book covers, to 
which we devoted an article recently, has 
again led to a dispute at the house of Burrup, 
Mathieson and Sprague, Ltd., and on Tuesday 
morning a conference was held on the firm's 
premises attended by representatives of the 
platen minders and bookbinders' unions and 
of the Federation of Master Printers and the 
firm. We understand that Mr. W. G. Little, 
for the Federation, stressed the view that a 
dispute between two unions as to a demarca- 
tion of work should not be allowed to penal- 
ise the employer, and in the end it was agreed 
that the woik of printing covers on platen 
machines should continue while the matter is 
considered by the London Printing and Kin- 
dred Trades Federation, whose conclusions 
will later be submitted to the Federation of 
Master Printers. 

Sir A. Pearson and the Blind.— The tragic 
death of Sir Arthur Pearsun last Friday, by 
slipping in his bath, removes one whose early 
journalistic successes in periodical publishing 
constitute one of the romances of the profes- 
sion, and whose later extensive activities as 
newspaper proprietor are well known. 

December 15, 1921. 


Replies to Box Nos. to be addressed to the Offices: 


SITUATIONS WANTED.— Special Rate for Operatives 
only 1 One Shilling and Sixpence for Twentv-One 
Words and One Penny per Word after. Minimum charge 
One Shilling and Sixpence. Cash to be sent with order 

ADVERTISERS, by paying an extra fee of Sixpence, can 
have replies addressed to the Office of this Journal 
under a number, and such replies will then be forwarded 
post free . 

Telephone 1 No. 8407 CITY. 

Machinery for Sale. 

DAWSON'S Quad Demy REVERSUS, with 
rotary slitter aud Klimsch counter, fitted with 
Slogger feeder, £"joo. 

with rotary slitter and Klimsch counter, fitted with 
Slogger feeder, ^"700. 

DAWSON'S Quad Crown WHARFE, balanced 
flyers, rotary slitter, geared inkers and Klimsch 
counter, ,£250. 

DAWSON'S Double Crown WHARFE, geared 
inkers aud Klimsch counter, £90. 

(Dawson), with rotary slitter and Klimsch counter, 

Quad Demy W HAK FE -'PINE A R'l " (Dawson) , 
with rotary slitter and Klimsch counter, ^"325. 

DISC RULER (Brissard), take sheet 24-in. by 
26i-in., two-side, two-colour, ,£180. 

DITTO, ditto, /"iSo. 

DISC RULER (Brissard), take sheet 26£-in. by 
33-in. . two-sider, two-colour, ,£200. 

DITTO, ^200. 

DITTO, witli perforator, £220. 

take sheet 30-in. by 49-in. (running at 2,000 per 
hour, hand-fed), ^200. 

DITTO, ^220. 

All the foregoing machines are in full working 
order, and may be seen running by appointment with 
the Factory Manager, Messrs. E. J. Arnold and 
Son, Ltd., Butterley-street, Hunslet-lane, Leeds. 

All offered subject to immediate sale, aud any 
reasonable offers will be considered. '3874 

MILL, by Dawson's, of Otley ; triple rolls ; 
medium size ; good condition ; no reasonable offer 
refused. —Box 13S75. 


TECHNICAL WR ITERS on Subjects of Interest 
to the Printing aud Allied Trades are invited 
to communicate with Box 13870. 

RE-MANUFACTURE. By Jas. Strachan. 
A Fund of Iu formation ; price 12s. 6d. — Stouhill and 
Gillis. Publishers. 58, Shoe-lane, London. E.C.4. 

CALCULATOR. A Time-saving Pocket 
Companion for Papermakers and Paper Users. 
Standard size (12-in. long), in boxwood; £2 2s. — 
Stonhill and Gillis, Publishers, 58, Shoe-lane, Lon- 
don, E. C.4. 

As we announced in advance some time 
ago, an exhibition is being held at the Public 
Library, Duke's-avenue, Chiswick High-road 
(a few minutes from Turnham Green Station), 
of printed books produced at the Chiswick 
Press, established on Chiswick Mall by Charles 
Whittingham in 1810, and continued there by 
his nephew, partner and namesake until 1852. 
The exhibition opened on Monday, and is of 
great interest. It includes books printed at 
the Chiswick Press of the elder Whittingham, 
lent by Mr. Charles T. Jacobi, formerly and 
for many years managing partner of the 
Chiswick Press. To these and to many other 
volumes have been added some of the beauti- 
ful books printed at the Chiswick Press in 
Took's-court. In addition to the books there 
are also many interesting portraits and auto- 
graph letters of the Whittinghams, views of 
the Coilege House at Chiswick, where the 
printing was done, and various other Whit- 
tingham relics, such as indentures, memorial 
cards, a passport to France (1820), and so 



After the slump the BEST QUALITY PRINTING will PAY. 
You will need the BEST INKS. 


The Old Established BRITISH FIRM make them at tt eir up-to-date Works— 


FINEST INKS for all PROCESSES kept in stock at 


'Phone— 1084 Holborn. Telegrams— Palmink, Fleet, London. 

s&p — S&P 



EK 15, 1921 

[to Pfinief ona ms p* 

Mr. E. A. Dawe Continues to Spread 

Mi. Edward A. Pa we, of H.M. Stationery 
Office, is doing good service alike to the 
printer and the papermaker in the addresses 
which he delivers from time to time hefore 
gatherings of master printers on the subject of 
paper. On the 6th inst.. at the Battersea 
Public Library, he attended a meeting of the 
South-West London Master Printers' Associa- 
tion, and spoke on "The Printer and His 

He began by observing that there were 
many things the printer had to learn about 
paper. Those who only dealt with paper 
forgot that the printer was going to handle 
it. and those who were only concerned with 
print forgot that the paper had to be made. 
Mr. Dawe proceeded to emphasise how essen- 
tial paper was. Whereas there were many 
ways of printing, there was, to all intents 
and purposes, only one material on which 
they could print, and that was paper. 

Fiom a century-old book, "Johnson's 
Typographia,'* the lecturer quoted a severe 
criticism of British paper. Why did the 
printer always complain about paper? The 
answer was simply because he did not know. 

Mr. Dawe then took his hearers for a short 
"canter" over the papermaking processes, 
both hand-made and machine, explaining 
also the meaning of the various finishes. 

Some of the troubles attributed to paper, 
he pointed out, were the fault of the printers 
themselves, and often arose from the condi- 
tions under which the paper was stored. Mr. 
Dawe mentioned the case of a large printing 
works in London where the stock room for 
the paper was open to the weather. When 
paper went to gd. a lb. for rubbish everyone 
took great care of it, but when it was cheap 
the printers seemed to think it did not require 
any attention. Mr. Dawe wished to empha- 
sise that when printers bought paper they 
should look after it properly. If it was care- 
fully stored it would remain unchanged for a 
very long time, but if they were careless with 
it, even the best of papers would suffer. 

Mr. Dawe showed how expensive it was to 
allow employees to get over their paper diffi- 
culties as best they could, whereas a great 
deal of valuable time might be saved if a 
specialist was consulted, and of these special- 
ists there were many who could provide cures 
for paper ailments. 

Mr. Dawe went on to deal with the various 
troubles which printers meet with in regard 
to register, cockling, electricity, and so on, 
and gave some useful hints on each phase of 
the subject. He particularly emphasised the 
necessity for maintaining an even tempera- 
ture and moisture conditions in the printing 
room. With a high temperature the moisture 
was driven out of the paper, and the paper 
contracted, and when the moisture content 
of the room was raised the paper absorbed it 

and expanded. From such variations register 
troubles occurred. 

Lithographic printing introduced another 
factor, because they printed on a damp stone, 
and the early impressions took up a certain 
amount of moisture, with resulting expansion 
and further trouble. Paper did not contract 
and expand always at the same rate, because, 
with every expansion, it would contract less, 
so that they would get register troubles con- 
tinuously unless the atmosphere of the print- 
ing works was controlled. Colour troubles 
in art paper were due to some extent to the 
papermaker, but it was difficult to get at the 
bottom of these, because they did not usually 
come to the notice of the printer until after 
the work was done. 

In three-colour work there was sometimes 
trouble with thecolour not coming down pro- 
perly, but that was the printers' job, the ink. 
requiring only a little modification in order 
to alter the colour value. Cockling was also 
another result of undue expansion. The 
paper being dried hard, only the outside edges 
had been able to take up moisture from the 
atmosphere. To check cockling, if the paper 
was new, the paper should be exposed to the 
air fairly well ; but if the cockling was fixed 
in the paper, Mr. Dawe was afraid there was- 
no cure. With regard to the electricity in 
paper, the speaker remarked that while it was- 
a real trouble, in time it would disappear ; it 
generally arose in new paper. 

Mr. Dawe mentioned some of the curious 
effects which had arisen from unsuitable store 
room conditions. In one instance, yellow 
paper which developed black edges was found 
to have been stored near a drain which had 
given off gases, thus changing the colour 
round the edges. In another case, boards 
which refused to register the second colour 
properly, were found to have been placed near 
a radiator in the stock room, which the 
specialist, on being called in, pointed out was- 
scarcely the way to treat boards. In another 
case the fault of the paper, which picked 
terribly, was due to a broken window expos- 
ing the paper to the damp atmosphere out- 

In the course of a discussion which followed 
Mr. Maynard referred to the practice of damp- 
ing paper before printing, and mentioned 
that he had seen excellent results arising, 

Mr. Spring said printers had been told that 
papermakers had overcome the necessity for 
damping. He did not think they found any 
pr inter to-day who damped the paper and the re- 
sults weresatisfactory. He wenton torefertothe 
different bulking qualities of paper, new paper 
not bulking to the same extent as that which 
had been in stock for some time. With regard 
to art paper, Mr. Spring said he should like to 
discover how they could get over the pin 
pricks which appeared under the blocks, and 
expressed the hope that some day they would 
overcome the defects arising from blue inks. 

Answering a question by the president (Mr. 
J. D. Wise) as to whether it was possible to 
get paper with the same finish on both sides, 
Mr. Dawe replied that the nearest approach 
to that would be a water finish imitation art, 

December 15, 1921 


in which the impression of the wire was very 
nearly removed. As to a test for esparto 
papers, Mr. Dawe said a 5 per cent, solution 
of aniline sulphate, if it failed to produce a 
pink effect upon the paper, showed there was 
no esparto in it. 

Mr. Simnett described how his firm had 
overcome their paper troubles by maintain- 
ing a steady temperature in the works all the 
week round. Since they had introduced cen- 
tral heating they never had to complain once 
of bad register or anything else if the paper 
had been in stock for some time. The only 
difficulty arose with a new parcel of paper 
direct from the mill which it was found neces- 
sary to put on the machine straight away. 
The speaker mentioned the advantage de- 
rived irom- opening out the paper and inter- 
leaving it with rough casement paper as soon 
as it was received. This overcame the troubles 
arising from stretching and so on, and in a 
couple of days the paper was fit to handle on 
the machine. 

Mr. Tacey mentioned that a complaint 
with regard to black spots appearing on 
exercise books which had been supplied to 
a school was traced to the satchels used by 
the scholars, small particles of the American 
cloth settling on the paper. The speaker men- 
tioned the importance of studying paper from 
the technical point of view. 

A cordial vote of thanks was passed to Mr. 
Dawe for his address, and in his response he 
called the attention of master printers to the 
new paper trade customs which would come 
into operation on January 1st. 

Norwegian Paper Market. 

The paper market in Norway, says Farmand, 
shows slight symptoms of a greater activity* 
but prices rule unchanged. It is, however, 
hoped that better conditions are slowly draw- 
ing near, or at least that the turnover is going 
to increase. All depends on the state of the 
exchange value. The last fluctuations have 
been very harmful to the producers, who, at 
best, only get their costs of production 
covered; at worst, they must sell with losses. 

waste Paiefjfliie. 

Re The British Waste Paper and Paper 
Stock Merchants. 

A sitting of the London Bankruptcy Court 
was held on December 7th, before Mr. Regis- 
trar Mellor, for the public examination of 
Mrs. Mary Maud Austin, who carried on busi- 
ness under the above style at 42 -4, Manchester- 
road, Notting-hill, W. The debtor filed her 
own petition on August 20th and has lodged 
accounts showing liabilities £992 against 
assets valued at £500, consisting of stock-in- 
trade, machinery fixtures and fittings. Reply- 
ing to Mr. W. P. Bowyer, senior official re- 
ceiver, the debtor stated that under the will of 
her late brother, she in July, 1920, received 
£"2,746, of which £"1,551 was used in the above 
business. In October, 1920, she became the 
tenant of 42 and 44, Manchester-road, and 
there commenced as a waste paper merchant, 
the business being managed by one of her 
sons, who had for twelve years previously 
been employed by a firm of waste paper mer- 
chants. Shortly after the business was opened 
a depression followed by a heavy fall in prices 
occurred in the trade, and in consequence the 
business was crippled, and sales could only be 
effected at a sacrifice. Owing to subsequent 
pressure by creditors and to an execution 
having been levied at the premises, witness 
filed her own petition. She attributed her in- 
solvency to loss in trading through the afore- 
said depression and heavy fall in prices, and 
to heavy expenses in connection with a motor 
lorry which was represented to be in good 
running order when bought, but proved to be 
defective, with the result that a considerable 
expense was incurred for cartage. The 
examination was concluded. 

Messrs. Thomas and Green, Ltd., in spite 
of trade depression, have produced striking 
new colours in various grades of papers— 
three in the 288 tinted s.c. series, two in card 
index board, and four in banks and bonds. 
The wide range of tints is unique, and this 
enterprise is reaping its reward, even in these 

f * 


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Bale Your Waste 


You Save your* Money 

Ask for Prospectus of our 


The Best and Cheapest on the Market. 



Offices : ' Avenue Chambers," 4, Vernon Place, London, W.C. 
Telephones i BRIXTON 1714.— CITY 1831. 


PRINTERS who have the facilities for folding, sewing and 
casing up, con be supplied with cases made in Leather, 
Rexine, Pluviusin, Imitation Leather, Cloth, or any other 
material. Mocked or embossed in Gold, Imitation Cold. White or 
Coloured Foil Leaf, ink in any colours. 

Our staff consists of more than 300 capable workers, provided 
with the most up-to-date machinery. 

ill bt pleased to submit samples for Trade Catalogues, etc. 


WiioDMW Man.v.i." 

St. Ann's Works, Heme Hill, London, S.E.24. 

.< ALIBUR, HERNE, LONDON " Telephone- BRIXTON !680 *L 

December 15, 1921. 








English Gold Leaf 

Bookbinders' Sundries, etc. 

Brown and White Blocking Powde^. 

Gold Skewings and Rubbers Bought. 





Corrugated Boards. 

Leather and Millboard. 

Photographic & Fine Art Papers. 


WINSCHOTEN (Holland). 

Press Gutting 


General Advertising Agency. 


12-14, Red Lion Court, LONDON, E.C. 

INFORMATION on a t n h y e ££? at 


possible tet 

All orders executed by a thorough practical 
Staff. Editors are specially invited to give 
this Agency a trial. Terms on application. 


Rates i £3 per annum (62 insertions) 
for each card of 2 lines or under : each 
additional line JE1 6s. per annum extra. 


W. and C. B. SHERIDAN CO.. Ltd., 63, Hatton- 
garden. E C.l. Sole Vendors of the Shendan 
Bookbinding and Leather Embossing Machines, 
including Perfect Binders, Wrappering Machines. 
Case Makers, Paper ('utters, Embossiug Presses, 
Rundling Presses, Gathering Machines, Die Tutting 
Presses, and all styles of Bookbinding Machines. 
Also the Burton Peerless Rotary Perforator, the 
Dexter Foldiug Machines and Automatic Feeders 
for all classes of work, the Doxter Combination 
Wire Stitcher and Feeder, the Jacques Shears and 
Paper-Box Machinery, the Kast Insetting, Cover- 
ing and Wire Stitching Machine, etc. 


SMYTH-HORNE, Ltd., 1-3, Baldwin's-place, Bald- 
wins-gardens, Gray's-inn-road, E.C.I. "Smyth" 
Book-Sewing Machines, built in 6 styles, 8 sizes, 
for Letterpress and Stationery Books. Over 3,000 
sold; Chambers' line of Book-Folding Machines, 
witli King Continuous Feeders; Seybold's New 
■■Davtou" Paper Cuttiug Machines; New Three- 
Knife Book and Pamphlet rriuimiugMachint-s, Em- 
bossers, etc.; Anderson's Rapid Folding Machines. 


Charles-street, Hatton-garden, London, E.C. 
Manager, E. L. Marler. 


BENTLEY & JACKSON, Ltd., Lodge Bank Works 
Bury, Lancashire. 


W. MORGAN & SON, Therparch Place, Wandsworth 
Road, S.W.8. 


LONDON PASTE CO., Arlington-street Works, New 
North-road, London, N. 


WILLIAMS, LEA & CO., Ltd., Clifton House, Wor- 
ship-street, E.C. French, Russian, Italian, 
Hebrew, and all foreign languages 


PERKINS. BACON & CO.. Ltd., Sonthwark- 
bridge-buildings, S.E.I. Plate Engraving and 
Printing, Die Press, Rotary Offset Machining, 
and all Company documents. 


MILES & CO., 44, Houndsgate, Nottingham 
Manufacturers of Typecasting Machines (latest 
improved models), Moulds and Matrices for un- 
rubbed work, all Tools and Gauges used in Type- 
fnnnding, Engravers and Cntters of Oriental 
Matrices, etc Manager Charles A. Wood. 



Photo Etchers Artists and 

inLine.Tonc^ Designers. 

Three Colour. Estabdi882. 
Pro cessjrvJ Phone io86gom»i 

>o,Farwngdon Sr London, EC. 

Send -for Specimens and Price 



(W. R. PERRY, LTD.), 

12, Coleman Street, London, E.C. 2. 

Status Inquiries made as to the position and standing of 
Traders and others. 


are Published weekly, and are invaluable to every one in 


Particular attention is called to the fact that this is the only 
TRADE PROTECTION SOCIETY that possess at its offices 
in London Registers containing full Bankruptcy and other 
Registered Information, together with Status Information 

TERMS from £1 Is. upwards, according to requirements. 
PROSPECTUS and further particulars on application to 
the above offices. 



Latest Improvements 


Cannock Chase Foundry, HEDNESFORD, Stall. 

December 15, 1921. 


One inch in column ; 52 insertions. £13 
lOs.: 26 insertions. £.7 5s.: 13 insertions. 
£3 17s. 6d. Proportionate rates for 2 ins 

T. J. HUNT, Ltd., The Factory, 



Mafkiat Holer, Account Book ManoUetorer 



MieKles for Colour Work 

Automatic Platens tor High-class Job Printing 

The Monotype for Fine Type-setting 



Monotype and Machining 
up to Quad Demy Miehle. 


LANGLEY & SONS, Ltd., Euston Press. 

6 & 8, Euston Buildings, N.W.I. 


If interested send for our New Catalogue 
with current retail prices, post free. 

Pneumatic Rubber Stamp Co., Ltd. 


18b,Qocenhithe, Upper Thames St.. London. E.C. 4 








than can usually be obtained. 

Litho'd Posters, 64 by 44 in one Sheet. 
Design made, drawn and proved, and printed 
complete or any part of it. 
Transparencies and Transfers. 

either for advertising or decoration. 

Showcards, Labels, Wrappers, &c. 

Publishers of Chromo Almanacs and Art 
Card Calendars.Date Blocks, and Monthly 
Leaflets— Large Variety, Choice Designs. 
Catalogues on application. 

Estimates or Information Freely Supplied. 

TAYLOR BR0S., T o h rou T r r p^nter S Leeds. 


dfds Books 


Picture Puzzles 




1?aphoe/TucktSonsA td , PapW. House lonoos 

rated Catalogue Post Free on Application 

For Best Quality Printing 

I N KS at Reasonable Prices 

Write to:— 

The London Printing Ink Co , Ltd., 

IO, Camomile St. Bishopsgate, E.C. 3. 

Telephoae: 193 AVENUE. 


Tha Handy and Sura Lays. 

Tor sasa Ibrri rr year Plataa MtikiMt U got 

th« eaaala all trat aad saoara asd in partial 

«au all tras RRd iRHRra asd ir pi 
vagiRtRr wit* tha fern, and 4t it futctli 

This is Megill's FLEX- 
PIN. Used as side 
gauge, gripper may come 
down upon both it and 
the Sheet. 

Fr»m fur Fnrnithtrt »r Htadqmarttri: 
EDWARD L. MILL, 80, DlRRoSt., ItwTork, M.S.*. 

The Orieinsl Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Many stylet. Hit Signature and Trade Mark on packet* 
denote genaineaeii . Established 1870. R«f — N annua- 
Park Ban*, of New York, haying Foreign Conretpon-ieDt. 


Fibrette and Clothette 


For Fancy Goods and Popular Novel Binding. 
Made to Match Any Colour or Grain. 


LONDON, E.C. 4. 



For Particulars and Prices Ring— 

City 9604. 

Tel. Address : Vindico (Cent.), London. 


ECEMBF.R 15, 1921. 


c S 
v a 

* £ 




2 2 

c o 


1 ° 


C "0 

- a 


Printed and Published by W. John Stonhill and Fredrrick Gilms, at 58, Shoe Lane, Charterhouse 
Street (near Hrlborn Viadoct), London, E.C.4.— December 15, 1921.