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Full text of "British Columbia from the earliest times to the present"

BRITISH 
COLUMBIA 

FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES 
TO THE PRESENT 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



VOLUME III 



THE S. J. CLARKE PUBLISHING COMPANY 

VANCOUVER PORTLAND SAN FRANCISCO CHICAGO 
1914 




F 

5820 



V.3 




GEORGE R. GORDON 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



GEORGE ROBERTSON GORDON. 

George Robertson Gordon, financial agent at Vancouver, devoting his time 
largely to his duties as executor of several estates and also to the handling of 
private interests, was born at Goderich, Ontario, September i, 1861. His par- 
ents, James and Mary Ann (Gordon) Gordon, were both natives of Ireland, the 
former born in County Fermanagh and the latter in County Armagh. The 
father learned the carpenter's trade there and in 1855 crossed the Atlantic to the 
new world, becoming a resident of Goderich, Ontario, where for thirty-five 
years he conducted business as a contractor. He filled the offices of town 
assessor and building inspector for a number of years and passed away in Gode- 
rich in 1892, at the age of sixty-seven years. His wife arrived in Canada in early 
womanhood and they were married in Hamilton. She passed away a number of 
years before her husband, dying in 1875, at tne age of forty-two. 

At the usual age George R. Gordon began his education as a public-school 
student in his native city and passed through consecutive grades to the high 
school, from which he was graduated before entering mercantile circles in 1876, 
at the age of fifteen. He was first employed as a clerk in a general store in his 
home town, spending his time in that way until 1881, when he removed west- 
ward to Manitoba. Owing to ill health while in that province, he soon returned 
to the east and remained in Ontario until 1884, when he located at Spences 
Bridge, British Columbia, remaining there for a year. In 1885 he embarked 
in merchandising at North Bend, British Columbia, in partnership with E. 
Johnston, but in the spring of 1886 sold out to his partner and came to Van- 
couver, which was then a small and unimportant town, known as Granville. 
Here he has resided continuously since and with the growth of the city has been 
closely associated, watching its development from early days and taking active 
part in its progress. He began merchandising here in March, 1886, but was 
burned out by the fire which occurred on the I3th of June of that year. Nothing 
daunted by this calamity, however, he secured another stock of goods and was 
soon again engaged in business, in which he continued until 1900, winning a sub- 
stantial measure of success through all the intervening years, for his trade 
increased with the growth of the city, his straightforward and honorable busi- 
ness methods securing him a gratifying patronage. With the opening year of the 
century he closed out his business and turned his attention to other pursuits 
becoming secretary of the Terminal City Building Society, the City of Vancouver 
Building Society and the Burrard Building Society, the last named being the only 
one of the three now in existence. He resigned his position as secretary in 1911 
and at the present time is executor of several estates, while his private interests also 
make large claim upon his attention and energies. He is the holder of much 
valuable business and residential property in Vancouver and is the owner of a 
fine farm of one hundred and twelve acres at Langley, British Columbia, which 
is devoted to the production of fruit, the raising of stock and poultry and to 
dairy interests, each branch of the business bringing to him a substantial return. 
His has been a life of unfaltering energy and close application, in which there 

5 \ 



6 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

have been few leisure hours, and his wise utilization of his time and talents has 
brought him to a most creditable and gratifying position among the leading busi- 
ness men of the city. 

Mr. Gordon was married, in Clinton, on Cariboo road, British Columbia, 
October 18, 1887, to Miss Susan E. Mclntyre, a daughter of John and Anna 
(Kilpatrick) Mclntyre, both of whom were natives of Stewartstown, Ireland. 
The father died in Vancouver in June, 1900, at the age of eighty-three years, and 
Mrs. Mclntyre is still a resident of this city. Although now in her eightieth 
year, she is still hale and hearty, retains her faculties unimpaired and is as alert 
and active as a person many years her junior. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Gordon have 
been born two children: Irmgarde, who is a graduate of the Vancouver high 
school and the Ontario Ladies College of Whitby; and Alva Mclntyre, who is 
a student at McGill University. 

Mr. Gordon is a conservative in politics and has been an active and stalwart 
advocate of party principles. He has voted in every municipal election ever 
held in Vancouver and for nine years he was a member of the school board of 
this city. He became one of the founders of the Pioneer Society of Vancouver, 
of which he is now serving as treasurer, and no man is more familiar with the 
history of development, progress and improvement here than he. He holds mem- 
bership in Pacific Lodge, No. 26, I. O. O. F., in which he has passed through all 
the chairs, and was grand representative to the sovereign grand lodge in 1902-03. 
He is prominent and popular in the club circles of the city, connected through 
membership with the Canadian and Progress Clubs. Both he and his wife are 
active and prominent members of Wesley Methodist church and take helpful 
interest in various lines of church and charitable work. Mr. Gordon is now serv- 
ing as a member of the board of trustees of the Ferris Road, Trinity and Dundee 
Street .Methodist churches. His wife is active in the Ladies Aid Socety of the 
Wesley Methodist church, has been a member of the directorate of the Children's 
Aid Society for six years and is active in the home work of that organization. In 
fact, both Mr. and Mrs. Gordon are possessors in large measure of that broad 
humanitarian spirit which reaches out in helpfulness and kindliness to all, and 
their labors have done much toward making the world better and brighter for the 
unfortunate ones. 



JOHN ANDREW LEE. 

Foremost along any line of activity to which he gave his attention, John 
Andrew Lee has become one of the substantial men and leading merchants of 
New Westminster, conducting one of the largest department stores in this city 
and being at the head of numerous other important commercial and financial 
institutions. An indication of the position he holds in regard to business develop- 
ment is given in the fact that he serves at present as president of the Board of 
Trade and, moreover, has held for three terms the office of mayor during a most 
momentous period in the history of the city, promoting and bringing to realiza- 
tion such important measures as the new harbor plan and the survey of the city. 
He was born in Mount Forest, Ontario, on February 11, 1868, a son of Samuel 
and Marjory (Donogh) Lee, the former a native of Londonderry, Ireland, and 
the latter of County Sligo, that country. They were brought to Canada by their 
respective parents as boy and girl and attained their majority in Ontario, where 
they subsequently married and located in York county, that province, the father 
engaging in farming. He subsequently turned his attention to merchandising, 
with which line he was identified in later life. He died in 1883, highly esteemed 
and respected in his community, his wife surviving him until 1897. Both were 
devout members of the Methodist church. 

John Andrew Lee received his education in the Toronto public schools, his 
course, however, being cut short, as he had to leave school at the age of thirtee- 




JOHN A. LEE 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 9 

in order to earn his own support. At that early age he secured a position in the 
dry-goods store of Robert Simpson in Toronto, a relationship which continued for 
some years. During that time he rose through the various departments in 
the store to an important position, having at last charge as manager of a branch of 
the business. In 1890 he resigned his position in order to come westward and 
test out the stories he had heard about the greater opportunities of that region. Go- 
ing to San Francisco, California, he there remained a little less than a year before 
removing to Virginia City, Nevada, where for nine months he was employed 
in a store, when he was tendered a position by Haley & Sutton, the predeces- 
sors of Gordon Drysdale & Company. Haley & Sutton were organizing their 
business at that time and Mr. Lee took charge of the store for them, this 
being in 1891. In 1893 the nrm sold out to Gordon Drysdale & Company and 
Mr. Lee then engaged in the real-estate and insurance business, remaining in that 
line for one year. In the summer of 1894 he proceeded into the Lillooet coun- 
try, where he engaged in mining. As he expected to gain rapid success, he did 
not shun the hardest of work and day by day set out with pick and shovel to seek 
his fortune. However, the reverse of success was to be his, this venture proving 
only a means of losing his savings. With the coming of the snow he came to 
New Westminster to recuperate his fortunes and accepted a position with Alex- 
ander Godfrey, a hardware merchant, as bookkeeper, remaining in this connec- 
tion until 1896, when he returned to San Francisco to accept a position in a dry- 
goods house, which he retained until 1900. That year marks his return to New 
Westminster and subsequently, in September, 1903, Mr. Lee bought out the 
business of the Standard Furniture Company, devoting his attention to its devel- 
opment and upbuilding. In the following December, however, he sustained a 
heavy loss, his store being completely destroyed by fire, but with his character- 
istic spirit of energy he immediately set up again in business, his new place being 
opened in May, 1904. In the following four years his establishment expanded 
rapidly under his able management and in 1908 he was forced to provide larger 
quarters, buying at that time his present commodious business block. During 
the years 1911 and 1912 he added dry goods and various other departments 
and has now one of the most modern and up-to-date department stores in New 
Westminster. In 1912 the growth of the business made it imperative to add 
another story to his building and he at the same time renovated his place through- 
out, instituting numerous conveniences for his customers and making his depart- 
ment store one which rivals any metropolitan establishment. An indication of 
the extensive business done is given in the fact that his pay roll runs from eight 
hundred to eleven hundred dollars weekly. His rapid success along this line is 
entirely attributable to his innate ability, his ready understanding of business 
conditions and the needs of the public, his sound judgment and the honorable 
methods which prevail in the store. Moreover, he has trained a force of em- 
ployes with whom it is a pleasure to deal. It is but a master mind which in so 
short a time can create and can successfully conduct so large an institution, and 
Mr. Lee's ability for organization is readily recognized in business circles, his 
services having been enlisted by numerous other enterprises which have largely 
benefited thereby. He serves at present as president of the Modern Office Supply 
Company of Vancouver and holds the same position in relation to the National 
Printing & Publishing Company, which publishes the New Westminster Daily 
News this journal having largely benefited and increased in prestige by his wise 
counsel and direction. He is also president and manager of the Dominion Match 
Company of New Westminster. He is connected with other corporations, too 
numerous to mention, holding a number of directorships on various boards. _ 

In 1897 Mr Lee was united in marriage to Miss Mildred Major, a daughter 
of C. G. Major, of New Westminster, and to them have been born two chile 
Dorothy Mildred and John Ormsby. 

That a man of the ability and characteristics such as Mr. Lee possessess 
should become closely connected with the public life of his community is but 
natural, and it may be said of him that along official lines he has done work ot at 



10 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

least equal importance. For three terms, beginning in 1910, he served as mayor 
of New Westminster, promoting during that time some of the most important 
measures undertaken in the interests of the city. He may be called the father 
of the ordinance which provided for the resurveying of the city and it was he 
who initiated and fostered the new harbor plan which will give to New West- 
minster one of the finest and most capacious harbors on the Pacific coast. His 
political affiliation is with the conservative party and his interest and standing in 
the organization is evident by the fact that he serves at present as president of 
the Conservative Association of British Columbia. He is also president of the 
Union of Municipalities of British Columbia and holds the same important posi- 
tion in relation to the Board of Trade, in which he always can be found in the 
front ranks of those who leave no stone unturned to promote industrial and com- 
mercial expansion. He is a member of the Westminster Club, of the Burnaby 
Lake Country Club and the British Columbia Golf and Country Club at Coquit- 
lam, the two latter connections giving an indication of his means of recreation 
and relaxation. He is prominent in the Masonic order, being a member of King 
Solomon Lodge, No. 17, A. F. & A. M. ; Westminster Chapter, R. A. M. ; West- 
minster Preceptory; and Gizeh Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., of Victoria. To 
estimate the value of the labors of Mr. Lee in their effect upon the advancement 
and development of New Westminster is practically impossible, but that he has 
been among the foremost forces to bring about the present prosperous conditions 
is readily conceded by all. He is highly respected and honored in his community, 
as he is a man who has not only striven for individual success but has given as 
much time and thought to promote general measures which have proven of the 
utmost benefit to the general public. 



THOMAS FRANK PATERSON. 

One of the successful and prominent men in Vancouver at the pres- 
ent time and one whose personality, executive ability and sound judgment have 
been felt as forces in the development and upbuilding of the city's commercial 
interests is Thomas Frank Paterson, president and manager of the Paterson Tim- 
ber Company, Ltd. He was born in Thamesford, Ontario, on the i9th of No- 
vember, 1867, and is a son of Alexander and Agnes Paterson, pioneers in Mid- 
dlesex county, Ontario, and also early settlers in Bruce county, in the same prov- 
ince. They have now for a number of years made their home m Vancouver. 

Thomas Frank Paterson acquired his education in the public schools of Bruce 
county and in the high schools at Goderich and Clinton, Ontario, and after lay-' 
ing aside his books taught in the schools of Bruce county from 1888 to 1892. He 
later attended Guelph Agricultural College and from that institution went to 
Toronto University, graduating in 1896, with the degree of B. S. A. and receiv- 
ing the highest honors in his class, acting as valedictorian. In the fall of 1896 
he lectured for the British Columbia government on agriculture and upon the 
formation and maintenance of a series of farmers' institutes throughout the 
province, similar to those then in profitable existence in Ontario. He was after- 
ward on the editorial staff of the Vancouver World, serving from 1897 to 1898, 
and in the fall of the latter year purchased a one-third interest in the Canadian 
Pacific Lumber Company, Ltd., of Port Moody. In 1962 he and his brother, 
W. Innes Paterson, formed the Paterson Timber Company, Ltd., of Vancouver. 
Of this firm Thomas F. Paterson is now president and managing director. In 
association with his brother, W. I. Paterson, he also purchased in 1907 the plant 
of the Cascade Mills, Ltd., and he is also president of this concern. In addition 
to this he is president and managing director of the Terminal Lumber & Shingle 
Company, Ltd., of Vancouver. He is vice president of the Burrard Publishing 
Company, Ltd., publishers of the Vancouver Sun, and a director in the Forest 
Mills, Ltd., of British Columbia, and in the Colonial Pulp & Paper Company, 




THOMAS F. PATERSON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 13 

Ltd., these connections indicating something of the scope and extent of his 
interests and of his high standing in business circles of the community. 

On the ist of October, 1902, Mr. Paterson married, in New Westminster, 
British Columbia, Miss Mary Olive Tait, a daughter of the late T. B. and Eva 
Tait, the former at one time a prominent lumberman in Burks Falls, Ontario, 
where he controlled the business operated by the T. B. Tait Lumber Company. 
Mr. and Mrs. Paterson have four children, Evelyn, Gladys, Ethelwyn and Phyllis. 

Mr. Paterson is a member of the Presbyterian church and fraternally is affili- 
ated with the Masonic order and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He 
is a liberal in his political beliefs and is affiliated with the Vancouver Commer- 
cial Club, being ready at all times to cooperate in any movement for the promo- 
tion of the commercial growth of the city. He has resided in British Columbia 
for the past sixteen years and has been during most of that time one of the great 
individual forces in the business development of Vancouver, for the influence 
of his personality and his unusual ability have been felt as a community asset 
as well as a factor in his individual prosperity. He holds the respect of his 
business associates, the warm regard of his friends and the confidence and esteem 
of all who are in any way associated with him. 



JAMES FORD GARDEN. 

James Ford Garden, a widely known representative of the profession of civil 
engineering, practicing in Vancouver, where he has also other interests of a 
varied nature has made his home in this province since 1886. He is a native 
of Woodstock, New Brunswick, born February 19, 1847, an d is a son of H. M. 
G. and E. Jane (Gale) Garden, representatives of old United Empire Loyalist 
families. In 1894 he was elected a member of the Canadian Society of Civil 
Engineers. Mr. Garden, who was a lieutenant in the Intelligence Corps in the 
Northwest rebellion in 1875 was wounded at Batoche, and received a medal. He 
is likewise much interested in the political situation of the country and with 
local interests and in 1898 was elected mayor of Vancouver for a three years' 
term. In his political affiliation he is a conservative and sat for Vancouver City 
in the local legislature from 1900 until 1909. In the former year he unsuccess- 
fully contested Vancouver for a seat in the house of commons at the general 
election. His religious belief is that of the Anglican church. 






GEORGE EDWARD TROREY. 

George Edward Trorey, who has been engaged in the jewelry business at 
Vancouver for a period covering two decades, now conducts the third largest 
jewelry establishment in Canada as managing director of the Vancouver branch 
of the' firm of Henry Birks & Sons. His birth occurred at Niagara Falls, On- 
tario, Canada, on the 22d of March, 1861, and in the public schools of that place 
he acquired his education. After putting aside his text-books he was apprenticed 
to John England, of Niagara Falls, to learn the trade of watchmaker and jeweler 
and remained with that gentleman for about six years. On the expiration of 
that period he went to Meaford, Ontario, and there followed the trade of 
watchmaker for two years. Making his way to Toronto, he there worked at his 
trade in charge of the watch repairing department of the firm of C. & J. Allen. 
In 1886 he embarked in business on his own account as a retail jeweler of To- 
ronto, remaining in that city until February, 1893, when he came to Vancouver. 
Here he successfully continued in business until 1907, when he amalgamated his 
interests with those of Henry Birks & Sons of Montreal, becoming managing di- 



14 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

rector of the Vancouver branch, which office he has held to the present time. 
When he began business at Vancouver in February, 1893, he had a very small 
store on Cordova street and one assistant. The success which attended his efforts 
is indicated in the fact that when he joined forces with Henry Birks & Sons he 
was already established in his present location and had about thirty-five em- 
ployes. He now conducts the third largest jewelry business in Canada and the 
largest west of Toronto, furnishing employment to more than one hundred people. 
The business of Henry Birks was founded in Montreal in March, 1879, and con- 
ducted in a very small store at No. 224 St. James street. In 1893 Mr. Birks 
admitted his three sons to a partnership and the enterprise has since been known 
as Henry Birks & Sons, under which style stores are conducted at Montreal, 
Toronto, Ottawa, Winnipeg and Vancouver. As managing director of the Van- 
couver branch Mr. Trorey has demonstrated his executive ability and sound busi- 
ness sense, and the success which has come to him is indeed well merited. 



ROBERT KERR HOULGATE. 

In financial and industrial circles the name of Robert Kerr Houlgate, of Van- 
couver, is well known and his business is of an extensive and important character. 
He was born at Whitehaven, England, September n, 1868, and is a son of William 
and Jessie <M. (Kerr) Houlgate. The father was a banker of Whitehaven, re- 
maining for about half a century as manager of the Cumberland Union Bank of 
that place, his labors in that connection being terminated by his death in 1903. He 
was for many years a captain in the volunteer artillery and held many positions 
of trust and honor of a public or semi-public character. In fact, he was one of the 
leading and influential residents of his community, his worth and ability being 
widely acknowledged. 

Robert K. Houlgate was educated at Ghyll Bank College, at Whitehaven, Eng- 
land, and throughout his entire life has been more or less closely connected with 
financial interests. When his text-books were laid aside he entered the employ of 
the Cumberland Union Bank at Whitehaven in the capacity of clerk and was ad- 
vanced through various grades in that bank and other financial institutions until 
1894, when he became manager of the London City and Midland Bank, Limited, 
at Morley, Yorkshire, England. He continued there until 1898, when he came to 
Vancouver, British Columbia, to accept the position of assistant . manager for 
British Columbia of the Yorkshire Guarantee and Securities Corporation, Lim- 
ited, of Huddersfield, England. Within the year he became manager and so con- 
tinues to the present time, controlling and directing the important interests of that 
company in this province. This corporation which is capitalized for two million, 
five hundred thousand dollars, established its branch in Vancouver in 1890. They 
are a mortgage company and do a general financial and investment business, buy 
and sell municipal bonds, manage estates and act as trustees and executors. They 
also buy and sell for clients vacant and improved properties in Vancouver. Vic- 
toria and New Westminster. In 1908 Mr. Houlgate as manager of the Yorkshire 
Guarantee and Securities Corporation, Limited, became general agent for British 
Columbia for the Yorkshire Insurance Company, Limited, of York, England, rep- 
resenting fire, employers' liability, accident, plate glass and live-stock insurance and 
so continues to date. Mr. Houlgate is also general investment agent for the com- 
pany in the province and in this connection he is conducting a large and rapidly 
growing business. They have extensive, safe and conservative investments in the 
province which Mr. Houlgate has placed for them. He is also agent for the Home 
Insurance Company of New York, representing fire and automobile insurance; 
agent for the Vancouver Land and Improvement Company, Limited; the Van- 
couver Land and Securities Corporation, Limited; the estate of Isaac Robinson; 
the estate of Town and Robinson, and also has other financial interests. He is 
likewise president of the Mainland Transfer Company of Vancouver and of the 




ROBERT K. HOULGATE 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 17 

Pacific May-Oatway Fire Alarms, Limited, of Vancouver. He is also an officer 
of a number of corporations subsidiary to the Yorkshire Guarantee and Securi- 
ties Corporation, Limited, and he has valuable real-estate holdings. What he has 
undertaken and successfully accomplished places him among the foremost 
financiers and business men of the province and his efforts have been of a 
character which have promoted public prosperity as well as individual success. 

Mr. Houlgate has taken an active part in all matters pertaining to the growth 
and development of Vancouver and British Columbia since coming to the new 
world. He is interested in everything pertaining to civic welfare and his efforts 
have been resultant factors along many lines of benefit to his adopted city. He 
was a director of the old Tourist's Association, which was absorbed into the 
Progress Club and which did much for Vancouver, exploiting its resources and 
advantages and making known its opportunities and its possibilities. His pub- 
licity work has been resultant and Vancouver has every reason to number him 
among her builders and promoters. 

On the 3 ist of January, 1906, Mr. Houlgate was married in Vancouver to 
Miss Mabel G. Willox, a native of Herne Bay, England, and a daughter of Thomas 
and Mary Willox. In politics Mr. Houlgate is a conservative but not an active 
party worker. He belongs to the Vancouver and Vancouver Royal Yacht Clubs of 
Vancouver, the Westminster Club at New Westminster, the Union Club of Vic- 
toria and the United Empire Club of London, England. It is an acknowledged 
fact that he occupies a central place on the stage of business activity and all con- 
cede that merit has won him the laurels which he has gained. 



HENRY ALFRED EASTMAN. 

Not only has Henry Alfred Eastman played an important part in the de- 
velopment of New Westminster as director of the F. J. Hart Company, Ltd., 
and of the Western Home & Improvement Company, Ltd., but was a dominant 
factor in the development of the Fraser river valley in the early days when he 
drove many farmers from the east through this section, demonstrating the feasi- 
bility of its agricultural riches and giving proof of the suitability of the land for 
cultivation. Most of the men who first came to this region labored under the 
impression that for nine months or more of the year continuous rains effectively 
prevented successful agriculture and it was he who drove these doubters through 
the countryside, convincing them of the advantages which could be gained here. 
Many a day while thus engaged he drove from twenty-five to forty miles per 
day and it may be said of him that there has been no man who has done more 
in bringing settlers to the Fraser river valley than Mr. Eastman. 

Born in Stormont county, Ontario, on December 15, 1856, Henry Alfred 
Eastman is a son of Alva Schofield and Sarah (Johnstone) Eastman, the father 
having been born in the same house as his son Henry A. The grandfather, 
Benjamin Eastman, crossed the border from Connecticut to the Dominion as a 
refugee on account of the breaking out of the War for Independence, and the 
mother was born on the farm adjoining the Eastman homestead in Ontario. 
Both father and mother passed their entire lives in that province. 

Henry Alfred Eastman was reared at home amid influences conducive to the 
development of the highest qualities of manhood, early haying instilled into his 
youthful consciousness lessons concerning the value of thrift, diligence, honesty 
and modesty. In the acquirement of his education he attended the common 
schools of the neighborhood and Belleville College at Belleville City, Ontario, work- 
ing, however, previous to his college course, in a general store at Mille Roches, 
that province, and accepting, after completing his studies, a position in a retail 
grocery house in Toronto. Four years later he was offered and accepted a posi- 
tion as foreman and wholesale salesman in the wholesale grocery house of 
Kinnear & Lang, with whom he remained for two years, at the end of which 



18 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

time he engaged independently in the retail grocery business under the firm 
name of H. A. Eastman & Company, in Toronto, and was for thirteen years 
prominently and successfully identified with the grocery business in that city. 
Disposing of his interests he sought the opportunities of the west and on April 
3, 1891, arrived in Vancouver, but two months later he came to New Westminster 
where he engaged in the brokerage business with others under the firm style of 
E. H. Port & Company, remaining in that connection until three years later, 
when the association was dissolved. In 1896 he identified himself with F. J. 
Hart & Company, Ltd., with which concern he has since been connected. He is 
director of this important organization and holds a similar office in connection 
with the Western Home & Improvement Company, Ltd. His executive ability 
and business capacity have found a wide scope in these important connections 
and the thriving conditions which both firms enjoy are in no small way due to 
the effective work of Mr. Eastman. 

In the city of Toronto, in 1880, Mr. Eastman was united in marriage to Miss 
Fannie Russell, by whom he has six children: Bessie Gray, the wife of Henry 
J. Byrnes, a farmer of Langley Prairie ; William Russell, residing in San Diego, 
California; Emma Gertrude, who married Thomas D. Curtis, a building con- 
tractor of New Westminster ; Grace Irene, the wife of Rupert Haggan, Dominion 
and provincial land surveyor at Quesnel, British Columbia ; Edwin Fraser, senior 
member of the firm of Eastman & Wahnsley, brokers ; and Edna Sarah, still 
at home. 

Mr. Eastman and his family are devoted members of the Church of England. 
As a member of the New Westminster Board of Trade he associates with those 
men who have at heart the real progress of the city and are ever ready to give 
their support to enterprises which give promise of permanent value. He is also 
a member of the Westminster Club and the Westminster Progressive Association. 
Fraternally he is connected with St. George's Lodge of the Grand Registry of 
Canada, and belongs also to Lewis Lodge, No. 57, A. F. & A. M. While he has 
never cared for public position he has in a private capacity done much toward 
material growth and is ever ready to uphold such measures as will promote in- 
tellectual and moral progress. He is highly respected and esteemed in the city 
not only for the substantial position he has attained among its citizens but as 
much for those qualities of his character which have made possible his success 
a success which lies as much in civic righteousness as in financial independence. 



WILLIAM CHARLES. 

William Charles, Pacific coast pioneer, Hudson's Bay Company factor, scholar, 
artist, prominent figure in the early history of British Columbia and one of the 
"trail blazers" who marked the way for later civilization and development, was 
a native of Scotland, born at Inverleith Row, Edinburgh, March 5, 1831, the son 
of John Charles, one of the early factors of the Hudson's Bay Company. 

William Charles was educated at Hill Street School and Edinburgh University, 
having there laid the foundation of a later broad education and a culture which 
was characteristic of the man throughout his subsequent career. 

He came to the Pacific coast from Edinburgh by way of Panama in 1852, and 
was for a time in the employ of Breck & Ogden of Portland, Oregon, and two 
years later, or in 1854, entered the service of the Hudson's Bay Company. He 
was stationed at different times at old Fort Vancouver on the Columbia River, 
Fort Hall, Utah, and at Fort Boise. He was transferred to Victoria in 1858 and 
was subsequently in charge of Fort Hope, Fort Yale and Fort Kamloops. 

In 1874 he was promoted to the grade of chief factor and placed in charge 
of the Victoria establishment. He is mentioned very kindly by Bancroft, the 
historian of the Pacific coast, for having contributed much valuable data respect- 
ing Oregon and British Columbia, and his name also appears frequently in the 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 21 

old Hudson's Bay correspondence, which has been collected and preserved in 
the British Columbia Provincial Library. 

Later, in 1874, he was made inspecting chief factor of the western department, 
an important post, including in its jurisdiction all the Hudson's Bay establish- 
ments in and west of the Rocky mountains, retaining this position up to the 
time of his retirement in 1885, thereafter residing permanently in Victoria to 
the time of his death, which occurred May 21, 1903, in his seventy-third year. 
He was of the old stock of the Hudson's Bay Company, dating far back in 
the history of that remarkable and powerful organization. As before mentioned, 
his father was a chief factor, having been identified with the company's opera- 
tions in Rupert's Land. His name appears among the members of the Hudson's 
Bay councils, which may properly be regarded as "fur trading parliaments," at 
Red River in 1835 and 1839, and again at Norway House in 1840, at the first 
of which the late Duncan Finlayson presided, and at the latter two of which 
Sir George Simpson was the presiding officer. It is also affirmed that his mother 
and William Charles' grandmother, was the daughter of one of the high offi- 
cials at Fort York or Churchill on Hudson's Bay at the time of the French 
invasion, at which time she was taken a prisoner to France but subsequently 
released. 

Although William Charles did not participate prominently in public affairs 
and was comparatively unknown to the younger generation, to those who knew 
him well in early days and who had business or social intercourse with him, he 
appealed most strongly, and the warm ties of friendship were never broken. 

His name was a synonym for honor and personal integrity. In his official 
capacity, his duties were performed with that competency and conscientious- 
ness which constituted the character of the man, bringing to both his business 
and social activities acute intelligence and wide knowledge. 

He was a man of fine artistic taste, and many of his sketches portrayed, not 
only the promise of high accomplishment as an artist, but illustrate in an origin- 
ally clever way the many phases of fur trading life of the frontier wilds. He 
was a close student and wide reader, with a fondness for natural science, with 
a particular liking for natural history, and owned one of the most carefully 
selected libraries in the province. Had he been so disposed he could have left 
very interesting historical and literary reminiscences, but like so many of his 
contemporaries who were so splendidly equipped by mentality, education and 
experience, owing to the more practical turn which trading life gave, he was 
indifferent to the opportunities which lay before him in that direction, and on 
account of which all students of western pioneer life must deeply regret. As 
a man, however, he preferred a life of quiet retirement, whose allegiance was 
to his old friends, endeared to them as he was by sterling qualities of heart and 
mind. 

Physically, he was in his prime, vigorous, powerful, capable, of great endur- 
ance and wonderful feats of travel which seem almost unbelievable in this day of 
modern facilities. In talking of the hardships of reaching the Yukon, he used 
to laugh at the stories of some of the "tenderfeet" of later days. On one 
occasion while at Fort Vancouver upon the arrival of a ship he was ordered to 
report to Fort York, and on four days' notice undertook the journey going up 
the Columbia river, past the present site of Revelstoke, thence up the Canoe 
river and through Yellowhead Pass, out to the plains, whence he took the Sas- 
katchewan, and so on to his journey's end. These were the common, and not 
the uncommon experiences of the rugged life led by Hudson's Bay men, which 
few men would undertake or undergo at the present day with improved modes 
of travel. 

On October 3, 1859, Mr - Charles married Mary Ann Birnie, a native of 
Astoria, Oregon, and a daughter of James Birnie, at one time identified with the 
Hudson's Bay Company, but subsequently severed his connection and took up 
government land on the Columbia river at Cathlamet, Oregon, where he de- 
voted the remainder of his life, and died on the farm thus established. 



22 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

Mr. Charles was survived by Mrs. Charles, two daughters and a son: Mrs. 
Eberts, wife of the Hon. David M. Eberts, K. C., former attorney general of 
British Columbia; Mrs. Worsfold, wife of C. Worsfold, superintendent of the 
Dominion public works department at New Westminster ; and William B. Charles, 
of Kamloops, British Columbia. 

Mrs. Charles possesses to a remarkable degree those charming traits of mind 
and character with which her husband was so liberally endowed and which 
endeared them both to their hosts of friends. Her social life, while most 
unostentatious, is a pleasure and a joy to both her friends and to herself. Mr. 
Charles' death marked the parting of another link in the chain of hardy pioneers 
whose lives and work unite the past with the present and whose sterling integrity, 
industry and faith in the future, contributed so much to the present well-being 
and prosperity of the province of British Columbia and added so much of credit 
to its history. 



GEORGE JOHN HAMMOND. 

George John Hammond is president of the Natural Resources Security Com- 
pany, Ltd., and as such is active among those who have been exploiting the 
interests and opportunities of this great and growing western country. His 
efforts have been resultant in the upbuilding of various districts in British Colum- 
bia and he brings to his task the most enterprising business methods, guided by 
sound judgment and keen discernment. He was born January 15, 1866, at Port 
Dover, Ontario, his parents being Edward and Priscilla (Long) Hammond. The 
father came of English ancestry while the mother's people were of United 
Empire Loyalist stock from Virginia. In the public schools of his native city 
the son pursued his education and crossed the threshold of the business world as 
a drug clerk at Port Dover, Ontario, while later he was employed in a similar 
capacity at Hagersville, Ontario. He next became station agent at different 
points along the Canadian Southern Railway and from 1882 until 1884 was 
train dispatcher for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Company at 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin. On leaving that service he entered the employ of the 
Western Union Telegraph and Postal Telegraph Cable Companies which he rep- 
resented from 1884 until 1890. Through the succeeding decade he was a mem- 
ber of the St. Louis (Mo.) Board of Trade and of the Merchants Exchange and 
following his removal to Minneapolis in 1900 he engaged in the brokerage busi- 
ness in Minneapolis and St. Paul for six years. 

Mr. Hammond arrived in British Columbia in 1906 and has since been iden- 
tified with projects and business enterprises which have had much to do with 
the development and upbuilding of the northwest. From 1907 until 1909 he 
was the vice president of the Kootenai Orchard Association at Nelson, British 
Columbia, and is still one of its stockholders. The latter year the Natural Re- 
sources Security Company was organized and Mr. Hammond was appointed 
president and managing director, which offices he still holds. The name indi- 
cates something of the nature and scope of his business and in this connection 
Mr. Hammond is indeed proving a factor in the development of this section of 
the country. In 1909 he became the founder of the city of Fort George, British 
Columbia, which he believes is destined to become one of the largest cities in the 
west because of its favorable location and the many natural resources of that 
part of the country. He is now serving as a member of the Fort George Board 
of Trade and is also a member of the Fort George Club. He is likewise a mem- 
ber of the Vancouver Board of Trade and cooperates in all of its projects and 
plans for the promotion of municipal interests. 

On the 1 3th of March, 1906, at Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Mr. Hammond 
was united in marriage to Miss Margaret Cameron, a daughter of James T. and 
Mary F. Cameron, Scotch Highlanders from Prince Edward Island. Mr. and 




GEORGE J. HAMMOND 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 25 

Mrs. Hammond have one child, Robert Cameron Howard. The political faith 
of Mr. Hammond is that of the conservative party and his religious belief is that 
of the Presbyterian church. He belongs to the Progress Club of Vancouver 
and enjoys its social features as well as its carefully planned efforts to promote 
the city's interests. His life has ever been actuated by the spirit of advancement 
and with a nature that could not be content with mediocrity he has steadily worked 
his way upward, utilizing the means at hand and carving out a road for him- 
self to success even if the path of opportunity seemed closed at times. 



ROBERT GEORGE MACPHERSON. 

As public servant, as legislator and as merchant, Vancouver knows Robert 
George Macpherson, who at present serves in the office of postmaster, and in 
this trifold capacity is one whose ambition and ability have carried him beyond 
the ranks of mediocrity and placed him in a position of leadership. Well known 
in Vancouver on account of his active and resultant efforts along political lines 
and a prominent representative of the city's commercial interests, he was born 
in Erin, Wellington county, Ontario, January 28, 1866. The grandfather, Hugh 
Macpherson, was a native of the island of Islay off the west coast of Scotland, 
who in 1858 decided to emigrate to Canada and grow up with the virgin 
country in the enjoyment of the opportunities to be opened up, and crossed 
the Atlantic, coming to Waterloo county. His son, Archibald Macpherson, 
was born on the native isle which saw his father's birth and accompanied 
his parents to the new world. Many members of the family rendered distin- 
guished service as teachers of the young and Archibald Macpherson made that 
profession his life work. His wife before her marriage was Jeannette Hall, a 
native of Wellington county, where their marriage was celebrated and where 
our subject was afterward born. Archibald Macpherson was a devoted champion 
to the cause of education and the development of the school system of the dis- 
trict in which he taught was largely promoted by him and his labors were a 
valuable factor in its intellectual progress. In 1891 he passed away in his fifty- 
fourth year, being survived by his widow. Two of their children subsequentlv 
came to British Columbia, namely: Robert George, of this review; and Mrs. 
F. R. McD. Russell, who is mentioned on another page of this work in con- 
nection with the sketch of her husband. 

Robert George Macpherson was reared amid the refining influence of a 
well-to-do home and under the able guidance of his father and mother. He at- 
tended in the acquirement of his education the Arthur public school and com- 
plemented his education by a course at Gait Collegiate Institute. Early in life 
he became connected with the drug business, gaining a comprehensive knowl- 
edge of that trade and being connected therewith at New Westminster from 
1888 to 1895. He was president of the British Columbia Pharmaceutical Asso- 
ciation. Since 1909 he has been postmaster of Vancouver and has displayed re- 
markable ability as an organizer and executive in this position as he has had to 
meet the tremendously fast growing business his office has had to handle in con- 
nection with the fast extending trade interests of the city. His work in this 
capacity has been exemplary and all the departments of the institution have 
been so thoroughly organized by him that there has never been a hitch in 
handling the enormous volume of mail expeditiously. 

In 1890 Mr. Macpherson was married to Susan Van Aken, who was born at 
Coldwater, Michigan, and they have three children, Brita, Bessie and Archie, 
all of whom were born in British Columbia. Mr. and Mrs. Macpherson are de- 
voted members of St. John's Presbyterian church, to which organization they 
give their moral and material support. 

Mr. Macpherson is a stanch liberal in his political affiliations, was honorary 
president of Vancouver Liberal Club, and has always deeply concerned himself 



26 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

with questions of public importance touching the interests of the political life 
of the Dominion, his province or his city and also social aspects. On the 4th 
of February, 1903, he found recognition of his public spirit by election to the 
parliament of the Dominion as representative of the city of Vancouver and was 
active on the floor of the house and connected with much constructive legislation. 
He served on a number of important committees and took part in all matters 
that came before the house during those sessions, doing all in his power to 
promote the interests of his province and secure legislation favorable to the dis- 
trict which had honored him with election. His labors in that direction resulted 
materially and his services found recognition in his reelection on the 4th of 
November, 1904, by a large majority for a term of five years, in which period 
of time he has labored assiduously and painstakingly to bring about such measures 
as would be of the greatest benefit to the greatest number. He was strongly 
anti-Asiatic and a free trader in the house of commons. In view of the fact that 
he is now postmaster he has no longer any party affiliations. His fraternal re- 
lations are with Mount Herman Lodge, No. 7, A. F. & A. M., of the Masonic 
fraternity, and he also belongs to the Knights of Pythias. He is honorary presi- 
dent of the Vancouver Lacrosse Club; one of the founders of the Vancouver 
Canadian Club and is a frequent contributor to Canadian magazines. His recre- 
ation consists of reading, walking, shooting and fishing. 

Being attracted to British Columbia by its wonderful business opportunities, 
he has attained a distinguished place in its commercial circles and has gained 
distinct commendation in connection with the discharge of the duties of his 
office, in which he has won the most favorable criticism. Active and aggressive, 
he is yet sufficiently conservative to weigh carefully any new idea or any new 
system before putting it in operation and he has seldom made a step in a false 
direction along any line of endeavor. Privately he is a man kindly, pleasant of 
manner, jovial and approachable. He is ever ready to receive just complaints 
and tries to alleviate difficulties where they arise promptly. Although his office 
naturally makes every moment of his time costly, he is ever ready to listen to 
even the least of the many employes who work under him, should they have a 
personal grievance or should they desire to place before him a new idea for the 
betterment of the service. He takes a deep interest in the history of the Pacific 
coast and in particular of that of British Columbia and is justly proud of the 
valuable collection of books which he has gathered here and there wherever the 
opportunity offered, in relation to this subject. His collection on the North 
Pacific is most complete including old histories, such as Cook's discoveries, Van- 
couver's discoveries and Simpson's discoveries. A capable public servant, he is 
naturally widely known and there is none who has ever come in contact with 
him who does not readily give him unqualified and high regard. 



HENRY S. ROWLING. 

Henry S. Rowling, president and managing director of the Vancouver Real 
Estate Company, has been successfully engaged in the real-estate business at Van- 
couver for the past decade. He is a worthy native son of British Columbia, his 
birth having occurred at New Westminster on the 3d of February, 1864. His 
parents were William Henry and Mary (Russell) Rowling, the former born in 
Truro, Cornwall, England, on February 9, 1826, and the latter in Dorsetshire, 
England, on November 19, 1832. In that country their marriage was celebrated. 
William H. Rowling came to British Columbia, in 1858, as a corporal in charge 
of the commissary of the Royal Engineers who were engaged on the boundary 
survey. He was for a time at New Westminster and subsequently settled on the 
north arm of the Fraser river, at a place now called Rowlings, which was named 
for him. He took up a military grant of one hundred and sixty acres where now 
is South Vancouver and there spent the remainder of his life. He had also bought 




HENRY S. ROWLING 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 29 

up a number of other military grants. The date of his settlement in South 
Vancouver was the 2d of September, 1868. Mrs. Rowling, who came to Canada 
two or three years after her husband, died not many years later. By her 
marriage she became the mother of seven children, of whom two are deceased: 
Rose, born August 8, 1858, who married William Copeland and died July 
12, 1891 ; and Thomas G., born April 14, 1869, who died September 23, 1893. 
Those, living are: James W., born October 14, 1862, who is a resident of 
South Vancouver; Henry S., of this review; Priscilla A., born February 24, 
1866, the wife of Peter Byrne, who is the Indian agent at New Westminster; 
William Henry, whose birth occurred September 2, 1867, and who makes his 
home in California; and Elizabeth J., born August 24, 1874, who resides with 
her sister, Mrs. Peter Byrne, at New Westminster. 

Henry S. Rowling attended the public schools of New Westminster in the 
acquirement of an education and subsequently embarked in the log contracting 
and lumber business, being engaged in logging along the Fraser river and the 
coast, and in many parts of the province. About 1890 he opened for transporta- 
tion, mostly tugging and logging, the Burnett river, the outlet of Burnaby lake, 
which empties into the Fraser river at Burnett Mills. This feat was by many 
considered impossible, but that waterway has now been in continuous use for 
more than twenty years. Mr. Rowling continued his operations in that field of 
activity until about 1903 and then embarked in the real-estate business, in which 
he has been engaged to the present time, being now president and managing 
director of the Vancouver Real Estate Company. He deals in all kinds of city 
and suburban property and is the owner of two business blocks and much busi- 
ness and residence property. He has a six-story reinforced concrete building on 
Hastings street, East, which comprises stores and a rooming house, and is now 
erecting a five-story apartment house at the corner of Vernon and Albert streets. 

On the I4th of February, 1910, at Vancouver, Mr. Rowling was joined in 
wedlock to Miss Mary Houston, of San Francisco, by whom he has two children, 
William Norman and Mayo Mary. Fraternally he is identified with Lodge No. 
8 of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and also belongs to the Loyal Order 
of Moose. He is likewise a member of the Press Club and the Exhibition Asso- 
ciation. During his entire life, or for almost a half century, he has remained a 
resident of British Columbia and his labors have been a potent factor in the 
growth and development of this region. 



DAVID ANGUS McINTOSH. 

David Angus Mclntosh is managing director of Letson & Burpee, Ltd., and in 
this connection is well known as a representative of the important productive in- 
dustries of Vancouver. Diligence and determination have ever been salient char- 
acteristics of his life and have constituted the measure of his advancement in 
the business world. He was born January 21, 1870, in Kent county, New Bruns- 
wick, a son of Angus and Christina Mclntosh, who were farming people in the 
east. In the public schools of Chatham, New Brunswick, the son began his 
education and afterward attended the Provincial Normal School at Fredericton. 
He afterward took up the profession of teaching, which he followed for a time 
in his native province and then resumed his own education as a student in the 
University of New Brunswick, from which he was graduated in 1894 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Science. He continued a resident of the east until 1902, 
when he came to British Columbia and entered into association with Letson & 
Burpee, Ltd., in which connection he has gradually worked his way upward as 
his ability and perseverance have indicated his fitness for promotion. In 1907 
he was made managing director, which office he still fills. Letson & Burpee, 
Ltd., are machinists and die-makers, pattern-makers and founders, and are pat- 
entees and manufacturers of modern canning machinery, gasoline engines, etc. 



30 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

The output of their plant is noted for its high standard of excellence in work- 
manship and durability and the trade of the house is constantly growing. As 
managing director Mr. Mclntosh largely controls interests and the business has 
now reached a volume which makes it one of the important industrial concerns 
of Vancouver. 

Mr. Mclntosh has an interesting military chapter in his life record, having 
for several years been a lieutenant in the Seventy-third Regiment of Volunteers, 
known as the Northumberland Regiment. He is an enthusiastic rifleman, having 
been a member of the Vancouver Rifle Association since 1905. In politics he is 
a conservative, with firm belief in the principles of the party, but he has never 
sought nor desired office. 

On the i9th of October, 1911, in Vancouver, Mr. Mclntosh was married to 
Miss Katherine Menzies, a representative of an old Toronto family, her father 
being Charles Menzies, a contractor of Toronto, Ontario. Mr. and Mrs. Mc- 
lntosh attend the Presbyterian church and they have gained many friends during 
the period of their residence in Vancouver, warm regard being entertained for 
them by reason of their many sterling traits of character. 



HENRY TRACY CEPERLEY. 

While practically living retired, Henry Tracy Ceperley still retains the presi- 
dency of Ceperley, Roimsefell & Company, Limited, insurance, loaning and finan- 
cial agents. His attention, however, is largely now given to his private interests. 
His activities in former years, however, have proven factors in the city's upbuilding 
and he belongs to that class of representative western men who have recognized the 
eternal truth that industry wins and have made industry the beacon light of their 
lives. Centuries ago a Greek philosopher said: "Earn thy reward; the gods 
give naught to sloth;" and this admonition has been verified in all the ages which 
have since run their course. 

Mr. Ceperley was born in Oneonta, New York, January 10, 1851, a son of 
Martin and Desiah (Winnie) Ceperley, the family coming of Dutch ancestry. 
Henry T. Ceperley was the youngest of sixteen children, of whom but four are 
now living, and is the only one of the family in British Columbia. The parents 
both passed away in the state of New York, the father at the age of eighty-two 
years and the mother when sixty-five years of age. 

In the public schools of his native city Henry T. Ceperley pursued his early 
education and afterward attended Whitestown Seminary, but at an early age was 
thrown upon his own resources and whatever success he has achieved and enjoyed 
is attributable entirely to his enterprise, capable management and diligence. In 
early manhood he began teaching in the country schools of Otsego county, New 
York, where he was thus engaged until 1871, when he went to Winona, Minne- 
sota, where he became connected with the produce and commission business. 
After five years spent in that city he went south to New Mexico, entering the 
employ as cashier and bookkeeper of a large construction company engaged in 
building that portion of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad between Las 
Vegas and Santa Fe. He spent three years in the southwest and in 1883 went to 
Montana, where he formed a company for handling cattle. In addition he also 
established an insurance business in Livingston and thus made his initial step 
in the insurance field, in which he has steadily advanced until his firm now con- 
trols a business of large proportions, exceeding all others in British Columbia. 

Mr. Ceperley came to this province in 1886 and soon thereafter formed a 
partnership with A. W. Ross for the conduct of a general real-estate and insurance 
business. This partnership was continued until 1891, when Mr. Ross sold his 
interest to Mr. Ceperley and returned to Winnipeg. The latter continued the 
business, which has grown to be the largest in British Columbia. While the pres- 
ent firm of Ceperley, Rounsefell & Company, Limited, carries on a general real- 




HENRY T. CEPERLEY 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 33 

estate, financial and mining brokerage business, their principal strength lies in the 
insurance work, which has become very extensive all over the province. They 
are the general agents for the Phoenix of London and for the Liverpool & London 
& Globe. The success of the company has been due in large measure to the efforts 
and the administrative direction of the president, who has constantly sought out 
opportunities to extend the connections of the firm, his practical ideas and plans 
bringing about tangible results. In 1910 Mr. Ceperley retired from active par- 
ticipation in the business, although he retains the presidency of the company. 
He has other large personal business interests that require his time. He is the 
president of the Vancouver Milling & Grain Company, of which he is one of the 
organizers and incorporators. This concern was established to conduct the ex- 
portation of grain and flour and is the only business of the kind in the province 
and is doing a large and rapidly increasing business. Mr. Ceperley is also man- 
aging director of the British America Development Company and was one of the 
provisional directors of the Bank of Vancouver during its incorporation. He has 
recognized and utilized opportunities which others have passed heedlessly by and 
in the promotion of his business interests has advanced public prosperity and 
progress as well as individual success. 

Mr. Ceperley has been married twice. In 1882, at Winona, Minnesota, he 
wedded Miss Jennie Foster, of that place, who died in Winona in 1892, leaving 
two children : Ethelwyn, the wife of J. E. Hall, managing director of the Van- 
couver Milling & Grain Company; and Arthur T., who is connected with the 
Jobes Milling Company of Portland, Oregon. For his second wife Mr. Ceperley 
chose Miss Grace Dixon, of Mount Clemens, Michigan. The family home is at 
Burnaby Lake, a superb of Vancouver. Mr. Ceperley is cast in heroic mold, 
being six feet and three inches in height and weighing two hundred and forty 
pounds. He is a most genial, companionable gentleman and has gained a host of 
warm friends during his residence in the northwest. He is a member of the 
Vancouver Board of Trade and was for a number of years a member of its coun- 
cil. In his earlier years he was an active member of the Masonic and Knights 
of Pythias fraternities. He is now identified with several of the leading clubs, for 
two years was president of the Terminal City Club, is a member of the Jericho 
Country Club and of the Vancouver Golf Club. The spirit of American activity 
and enterprise has led him out of humble surroundings into most important busi- 
ness and financial relations, and British Columbia has profited by his efforts and 
his public spirit. 



EDWARD BLAKE GRANT. 

Edward Blake Grant, mechanical engineer of Vancouver, was born at 
Moncton, New Brunswick, on the ist of May, 1885, a son of His Honor, David 
Grant and Jane (Kinnear) Grant, both now residents of Vancouver, the former 
being judge of the county court. 

Edward Blake Grant was educated in the public schools of his native city and 
later attended the Aberdeen high school, from which he was graduated with 
the class of 1900. He started in the business world in connection with the engi- 
neering department of the Intercolonial Railroad, and a year afterward came 
to Vancouver, arriving in 1901. His parents had preceded him and their favor- 
able reports concerning the western country led him to seek the opportunities 
here offered. Following his arrival he was employed in the engineering depart- 
ment of the Vancouver Engineering Works and subsequently entered the iron 
works oi Ross & Howard, having charge of the drawing department for six 
years. He engaged in business on his own account, and at the end of that time 
opened his office as a mechanical engineer. He is making a specialty of boiler 
designing in accordance with the British Columbia and marine rules. He pre- 
pared general machinery designs and made the machinery installation plans for 
v..i in 2 



34 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

the North Vanconver city ferries Nos. 3 and 4, and has done other equally 
important work. He has organized the mechanical engineering class in connec- 
tion with the night school conducted by the board of education of Vancouver. 
He now has three classes under his supervision and acts as a teacher of one. 
Mr. Grant was married on the 25th of September, 1907, to Miss Greta Jones, 
of Moncton, New Brunswick, a daughter of Charles and Mary Jones. His 
political belief is that of the liberal party, and his religious faith that of the 
Presbyterian church. 



JOHN B. BRIGHT, C. E. 

Among the engineers and railway contractors of the Canadian northwest 
there is no name that has a higher sound than that of John B. Bright, who as 
member of the firm of Bright, McDonald & Company, of Vancouver, has been 
connected with some of the most important construction work in the Dominion. 
While he has attained a remarkable personal success, much of the work which he 
has accomplished has had a far-reaching effect in the general development and the 
opening up of new regions and territories. He was born in Woolsthorpe, Lin- 
colnshire, England, June 27, 1860, a son of James and Harriet Annie Bright, and 
educated in country and private schools. Showing early in life an inclination for 
engineering work, he then was articled with S. & W. Pattison, of Sleaford, rail- 
way contractors, devoting his time to studying engineering feats and problems 
and making himself acquainted with the details and business routine of the pro- 
fession. The year 1882 marked his arrival in Canada and upon his coming here he 
joined the engineering staff of the Canadian Pacific at Winnipeg, going in the 
same year to the mountains, where he engaged in the location and construction of 
the mountain division, being so employed until 1887. In that year he left the 
services of the Canadian Pacific Railroad, becoming connected with construction 
work of the Oregon Pacific in the Cascade mountains. In 1888 he was locating 
for the Oregon Railroad & Navigation Company in Oregon and Idaho and also 
was employed in construction work of the old Seattle, Lake Shore & Eastern Rail- 
way. Returning to Canada, he was then appointed by the department of public 
works of the Dominion government as engineer of roads' and bridges for the 
Northwest Territories, receiving his commission in 1889 and so continuing until 
his resignation in 1897, when he joined the engineering staff on the Crows Nest 
branch of the Canadian Pacific. After completing this line he became connected 
with the Great Falls & Canada Railway and also did important work on St. Mary's 
irrigation canal. In 1900 he had charge of building the bridges on the Ontario & 
Rainy River Railway between Port Arthur and Fort Francis, and after the com- 
pletion of this work in 1903 began contracting on irrigation work in southern 
Alberta and railroad work in Crows Nest Pass for the International Coal & Coke 
Company. In 1904 the Canadian Northern Railroad Company entrusted him with 
contracts to be executed between Battleford and Edmonton and in 1905 and 1906 
he devoted most of his time to contract work on the Nicola valley branch of the 
Canadian Pacific. In 1907 he was awarded the contract on the Great Northern 
cut-off from Westminster to Blaine, and he also built in that year the Eburne 
Westminster branch for the Canadian Pacific. In 1908 he began work on the 
Esquimalt & Nanaimo extension from Wellington, Vancouver island, and in 1910 
handled the contract for the Cameron Lake section on the Alberni extension of the 
Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway. In 1912 he built the scenic road from Laggan to 
Lake Louise and is at present double tracking the Canadian Pacific Railroad. 

In 1907 Mr. Bright was united in marriage to Miss Mabel Amelia Hardiman 
and they have one son, Richard Aubrey, and two daughters, Muriel Aubrey and 
Phylis Mary. He is a Mason, belonging to Mountain Lodge No. 9, a member of 
the Terminal City Club and finds recreation in fishing and shooting. The family 
residence is located at No. 1943 Comox street and there Mr. and Mrs. Bright 




JOHN B. BEIGHT 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 37 

extend a warm-hearted hospitality to their many friends. A public-spirited man 
thoroughly aware of the obligations of citizenship, Mr. Bright takes a deep inter- 
est in all questions of public welfare and supports many worthy enterprises under- 
taken in the interest of the public. He has done important work in bringing about 
the advancement and development of vast sections of the Dominion and his life's 
labors cannot be too highly estimated in the effect which they have upon prevailing 
conditions. 



ALBERT J. HILL. 

Albert J. Hill enjoys a well earned rest at his beautiful home at the corner 
of Fourth street and Fifth avenue in New Westminster. He won a position of 
distinction in civil engineering circles and for many years was connected with 
railway building and with the development of the rich coal deposits of the 
west. His efforts constituted an element in the substantial development and 
progress of the sections in which he labored. He was born at Sydney, Cape 
Breton, Nova Scotia, April 7, 1836, his parents being John Lewis and Margaret 
(Whyte) Hill, the latter a daughter of Dr. Joseph Whyte, R. N., of Banff, Scot- 
land. In the paternal line Albert J. Hill represents one of the old United Em- 
pire Loyalist families, the ancestry being traced back to William Hill, who at 
the time of the outbreak of the Revolutionary war forfeited his right to a con- 
siderable amount of property in New England and made his way to Nova Scotia, 
accompanied by his household of sixteen persons. He continued loyal to the 
crown, nor would he renounce his faith in the divine right of his sovereign. He 
cast in his lot with the pioneer residents of Nova Scotia and was appointed comp- 
troller of His Majesty's customs in the crown colony of the island of Cape Breton, 
where he remained until his death, which occurred at Sydney in 1802. The 
history of the maternal ancestry of Albert J. Hill includes the names of Burns, 
Shand and Whyte-Melville, prominent Scotch families. 

The early education of A. J. Hill was acquired at home and he afterward 
spent several years in shipbuilding, being associated with his brothers in the 
building and launching of two schooners. Later he went to Boston as supercargo 
of the schooner Marian, carrying the first load of coal from the island after 
the purchase of the rights of the Duke of York in 1860. He entered the Horton 
Collegiate Academy in August, 1866, and there completed his education. On 
July 19, 1866, he married Agnes Lawrence, the youngest daughter of Alexander 
Lawrence, of St. John, New Brunswick, and a sister of J. W. Lawrence, for 
many years a prominent factor in political circles of the province. Unto this 
marriage were born two sons and two daughters : Elizabeth Carrick, the wife of 
F. J. Coulthard ; Grace Irene, who passed away March 30, 1881 ; Egerton Boyd 
Lawrence; and Frederic Tremaine. 

Following his graduation Mr. Hill spent two years as a member of the faculty 
of Horton Academy and in May, 1868, accepted an appointment on the Euro- 
pean & North American Railroad, assisting in locating the line to Winn on the 
Penobscot river. In May, 1869, he received an appointment on the government 
staff of the Intercolonial Railway in Miramichi, New Brunswick, on the surveys 
and location of sections 20, 21 and 22 in New Brunswick. On the ist of Janu- 
ary, 1870, he was transferred to aid in the construction of section 12 at Truro, 
Nova Scotia, and continued his work on sections 12 and 7 until January i, 1872. 
In the meantime he located the Acadia mines branch and the present Springhill 
branch lines. In February, 1872, he accepted a position on the staff of the Louis- 
burg Mineral Railway and carried on the exploration work of that line, con- 
tinuing the work of locating the line and acting as chief engineer for the Lon- 
don contractors until the work of construction was completed in 1874. 

Mr. Hill turned from railway building to the development of the coal re- 
sources of the country. He was appointed manager of the Lorway and Emory 



38 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

collieries and opened and operated the latter in 1872 and 1873. He carried out 
a geological survey of the eastern Cape Breton coal fields, afterward embodied 
with the plans of the Dominion geological survey and published by order of 
the government. He prepared and published a map of the island of Cape Breton 
in 1875. In the employ of the local government of Nova Scotia he conducted 
the surveys of the Thompson and Pugwash and of the Springhill and Pugwash 
railway lines. In 1876 he was appointed manager of the Cumberland colliery 
and continued that work until the amalgamation of the company with the Coal 
Mining Association in 1877. He made surveys for the Maccan and Joggins branch 
railway and in 1877 was engaged on the geological survey staff in examination of 
the southern portion of Cumberland county, Nova Scotia. He surveyed the Ox- 
ford & Pugwash Railway for the Dominion government and in 1878 was com- 
missioned provincial crown land surveyor for Cumberland and executed topo- 
graphical surveys for the local government. In 1879 he went to Algoma for 
the Dominion government in connection with the contracts from Sunshine creek 
to English river and prepared an interesting suite of geological specimens, which 
were presented to McGill University. 

On the ist of January, 1880, Mr. Hill was ordered to British Columbia on 
the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railroad, on the contract from Yale to 
Savonas. He continued in that work until October, 1882, when he was removed 
to Port Moody, closing his connection with the government service in December, 
1884. Since that time he has engaged in the private practice of his profession 
in New Westminster, although he is now practically living retired. He has en- 
joyed an extensive general practice in all parts of the Dominion and has been 
engineer for the municipality of Surrey. 

Mr. Hill was one of the first members of the Canadian Society of Civil 
Engineers, was one of the incorporators of the Coquitlan Water Works Com- 
pany, is a member of the Institute of Mining Engineers of England, a member of 
the Historical Society of Nova Scotia, a member of the American Association 
for the Advancement of Science and a member of the National Geographic 
Society and the Sullivant Moss Society, both of the United States. He is corre- 
sponding member of the Ottawa Field Naturalists Club. He is also connected 
with the British Columbia Land Surveyors Corporation, is provincial crown land 
surveyor of Nova Scotia and is agent in British Columbia for the government 
of Nova Scotia. He has the A. B. and A. M. degrees of Acadia University of 
Nova Scotia and addendums of the Halifax and British Columbia Universities. 
He is also a member of the United Empire Loyalist Association of Canada. 

Mr. Hill was chief engineer of the New Westminster Southern Railway from 
its inception until August i, 1889, an d carried out the local surveys for the line. 
He resigned his position at the latter date in order to devote his whole attention 
to his increasing private practice. He has rendered efficient service both in 
public and private capacities to geological research in his native province and in 
British Columbia. In politics he has always been a consistent conservative yet 
holds principle as higher than party. His life work has been a valuable contribu- 
tion to those labors which figure as factors in civilization and general improve- 
ment and he has a wide acquaintance among those who are prominent in scientific 
and professional circles throughout the country. 



ALEXANDER ROBERT MANN. 

Vancouver has numbered Alexander Robert Mann among its citizens but lit- 
tle more than a year. His name, however, is a familiar one throughout the prov- 
ince of British Columbia, the entire west, and also through the province of Ontario, 
for as a railroad builder his work has drawn to him the attention of the people 
of many sections which his labors have opened up to development and improve- 
ment. There is no single agency as important in the upbuilding of a country 




ALEXANDER R. MANN 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 41 

as the introduction of railroads, which annihilate time and space and bring the 
residents of a new country into close contact with older sections, thus providing 
them with a market. Since he started out in life as a young man still in his 
teens Mr. Mann has been connected with railway building operations. 

A native of Ontario, Mr. Mann was born at Acton, on the 2ist of July, 1861, 
a son of Hugh and Ellen (Macdonnell) Mann, both of whom were natives of 
the highlands of Scotland. The father came to Canada in 1836, settling in Halton 
county, Ontario, where he engaged in farming until his death. The son pursued 
his education in the public schools of Acton and afterward worked on the home 
farm until 1879, when at the age of eighteen years he removed to Winnipeg, where 
began his association with railroad construction work, in which he has remained 
continuously to the present time. In 1884-5 he was employed on the construc- 
tion of the Canadian Pacific Railway through the Rocky mountains. In 1886 
he built a part of the Manitoba & Northwestern Railway for the Canadian North- 
ern Railway. In all the years which have since come and gone his duties and activ- 
ities have increased in volume and importance until his work has made him one 
of the empire builders of the west. In 1887-8 he was engaged on railway con- 
struction work for the Canadian Pacific in the state of Maine, and in 1889 he 
built a part of the Northern Pacific from Morris, Manitoba, westward. About 
that time he also engaged in the lumber business at Fort Francis, Ontario, and 
in 1890 he was awarded the contract for the building of a part of the Long Lake 
and Regina branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway. In the succeeding year he 
built a part of the Calgary Edmonton Railway from Fort McLeod to Edmon- 
ton, Alberta, and in 1892 his work included the construction of a part of the 
Soo line of the Canadian Pacific from Estevan into Regina. In 1893-4 his activ- 
ity in railway building in British Columbia began, when was awarded him the 
contract for a part of the Canadian Pacific Railway branch from Nakusk to New 
Denver in the Kootenay. In 1894 he engaged in handling ore in the Slocan dis- 
trict and so continued until 1897, when he again engaged in railway construc- 
tion work, building a portion of that part of the Columbia & Western Railway 
between Robinson and Midway in 1898. After the completion of this contract 
he returned to Port Arthur, Ontario, where he was engaged on the building of 
the Rainy River branch of the Canadian Northern Railway until 1901. He also 
became extensively interested in the lumber business at Rainy Lake and on the 
Turtle river. In 1902 he built the line of the Canadian Northern Railway from 
Neepawa and McCreary and in 1903 built the Greenway branch of eighty miles 
for the Canadian Northern Railway. 

Mr. Mann had operated under his own name up to that time, but in 1904 he 
formed the Northern Construction Company, Ltd., of which he became president 
and so continues. The first contract awarded him under the organization of the 
present company was for the building of the James Bay road from Toronto to 
Sudbury, Ontario, which contract was completed in 1906. In the same year he 
again took up construction work for the Canadian Northern Railway in British 
Columbia and built the Goose Lake branch of that road. Since that time he 
has been continuously engaged in construction work for the Canadian Northern 
in this province, having now some seventeen hundred miles under construction 
for that road. The importance of his work cannot be overestimated. As a rail- 
road builder he has opened up new districts to settlement and to civilization; 
he has solved difficult engineering problems, has worked out the answer to impor- 
tant questions involving broad and thorough scientific knowledge as well as prac- 
tical skill, and has achieved notable success in the tasks that he has undertaken. 
Aside from his railway building operations he has various financial interests. He 
is still extensively connected with the lumber business and is the owner of farm 
lands all over western Canada, among his farm holdings being a tract of fifteen 
hundred acres in Milford, Saskatchewan. Since 1912 he has made his home in 
Vancouver. 

It was on the I7th of June, 1907, that Mr. Mann was united in marriage 
at Owen Sound, Ontario, to Miss Jennie Malcolm, a daughter of Robert Mai- 



42 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

colm of that city. They now have one daughter, Alix, born August 28, 1910. 
Mr. Mann is a member of the Carleton Club of Winnipeg, the Albany Club of 
Toronto, and the Commercial Club of Vancouver, and he also holds membership 
in the Presbyterian church. The nature and importance of his work as railway 
builder has made him known throughout the greater part of Canada, and his name 
figures prominently in the field of labor which he chose as a life work. His power 
has grown through the exercise of effort; his ability has developed as he has 
called forth his latent energies, and in all he has manifested those qualities of 
leadership which have not only enabled him to direct the labors of those under 
him but have also been manifest in the initiative spirit 'that has recognized and 
improved opportunities that others have passed heedlessly by. 



JOSEPH WALTER McFARLAND. 

Joseph Walter McFarland is a pioneer of Vancouver to whose credit may 
be attributed the establishment and development of many of the more impor- 
tant features in the upbuilding of the city and province. He has figured promi- 
nently as a railroad builder, was the promoter of the waterworks and the elec- 
tric lighting projects of Vancouver and the builder of the first large private 
dock. All these and many more tangible evidences of his public spirit and his 
business ability can be given and indicate how closely he has been identified 
with the history of the northwest. A native of Niagara, Ontario, his parents 
were John and Amelia McFarland, both representatives of old United Empire 
Loyalist families who were pioneer settlers on the Niagara peninsula. Mrs. 
McFarland was a daughter of George Keefer, one of the original builders of 
the Welland canal. 

In primary and grammar schools of Welland county, Ontario, Joseph W. 
McFarland pursued his education and after putting aside his text-books went 
to Massachusetts, where he was employed in connection with the construction 
of the Hoosac Tunnel by F. Shanley & Company, builders, the project being 
financed by "Boss" Tweed of New York. This was his initial experience in 
the business world. He left Massachusetts in 1878 and returned to Ontario, 
settling at Hamilton. He became associated with the Great Western Railroad 
there and also in London, Ontario, remaining with that corporation until 1880, 
when he resigned to enter the service of the Northern Transit Company of 
Port Huron, Michigan. Following their failure in 1881 he returned to the 
Great Western Railway Company at Detroit, Michigan, where he continued 
until 1884, when he came to British Columbia. In the intervening period, cover- 
ing almost three decades, he has been a most prominent factor in promoting 
public improvement and progress. He had charge of railway construction as 
manager for H. F. Keefer and built forty miles of the Canadian Pacific Rail- 
road from Kamloops to Shuswap lake. In 1885 he returned to Victoria and 
had charge of the construction of the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway at Shaw- 
nigan Lake. In the latter part of 1885 and the early part of 1886 he built, 
under the same management, the line of the Canadian Pacific from Port Moody 
to Coal Harbor and English Bay. After his work was finished in 1886 he 
joined the late George A. Keefer in organizing the Vancouver Water Works 
Company, of which he was elected secretary and manager, thus actively con- 
trolling the business until it was acquired by the city in 1892. It was also in 
1886 that in connection with the late David Oppenheimer, the second mayor of 
Vancouver, he organized the Vancouver Electric Illuminating Company, Limited, 
of which he was elected secretary. This became the nucleus of the present British 
Columbia Electric Company and was the initial movement for the electric lighting 
of the city. He also with other old-timers organized the Vancouver Wharfage 
& Storage Company, Limited, of which he was made the secretary. This company 
built a wharf at the foot of Carroll street, being the first large private dock to 




JOSEPH W. McFARLAND 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 45 

be used for public purposes in the city. The Canadian Pacific Railroad disputed 
their rights to this dock and after an accident which destroyed it the property 
was abandoned to the railroad company. In 1886 Mr. McFarland organized 
the North Vancouver Electric Company, Limited, and was elected secretary. 
This company proposed to generate electricity from the Capilano river for 
power purposes for the city of Vancouver. Closely associated with various 
projects looking to the development and utilization of the resources of this sec- 
tion of the country and in large measure foreseeing and meeting the needs of 
the growing city, Mr. McFarland became recognized as one of the foremost 
factors in Vancouver's improvement and upbuilding. In 1892 he established 
a real-estate, insurance and loan business which in 1894 was organized under 
a joint stock company known as Mahon, McFarland & Mahon, Limited, of 
which he was president, so continuing until 1911, when he retired from active 
business, the company having been absorbed by the London & British North 
America Company, Limited, one of the largest and strongest financial institu- 
tions in Canada. Mr. McFarland is now giving his attention to his invested 
interests only, managing his private affairs, which have grown in extent and 
volume. In addition to the other interests previously mentioned he was in early 
days secretary of the Nicola Valley Railway Company, of the Chilliwack Rail- 
way Company and of the Shuswap & Okanagan Railway Company. 

On the 1 5th of November, 1888, at Detroit, Michigan, Mr. McFarland was 
united in marriage to Miss Margaret T. Day, a daughter of the late David 
and Jane Day of Ogdensburg, New York. In religious faith they are Anglicans, 
holding membership in Christ church. Mr. McFarland is a conservative in 
politics but has never been an active worker in party ranks. He is a charter 
member of the Board of Trade of Vancouver and in that connection has been 
interested in many movements of progressive citizenship. He is also a charter 
member of Cascade Lodge, A. F. & A. M., of Vancouver and he belongs to the 
Vancouver Club, the Vancouver Lawn Tennis Club, the Shaughnessy Heights 
Golf Club and is president of the Jericho Country Club, all of Vancouver. He 
is likewise a member of the Union Club of Victoria. During the twenty-nine 
years of his residence on the coast he has witnessed remarkable changes as the 
work of development and civilization has been carried forward. His labors 
have constituted an important element in the improvement of transportation 
conditions by rail and he has also seen a marked change in marine transporta- 
tion, for in 1885, when he made his way by water from Victoria to Vancouver, 
he left the former city at seven o'clock in the morning and arrived at Sunny- 
side Slip at nine in the evening a trip that is now made in four hours. Along 
all lines of improvement the changes have been just as great, and Mr. McFar- 
land's name stands high on the roll of those who have contributed much to 
Vancouver's upbuilding. 



JOHN WALLACE DE BEQUE FARRIS. 

John Wallace de Beque Farris, a barrister of Vancouver, was born at 
Whites Cove, New Brunswick, a son of Lochlan P. and Louise (Hay) Farris, 
both of whom were natives of New Brunswick, in which country the father was 
formerly minister of agriculture, but is now living retired. His grandfather was 
the Hon. John Farris, Dominion member for Queen's county, New Brunswick, 
for at least twenty years. 

In the acquirement of his education J. W. de B. Farris attended successively 
the public schools of Whites Cove, St. Martin's Seminary, Acadia College, from 
which he won the Bachelor of Arts degree ; and the University of Pennsylvania 
at Philadelphia. In the last named he was pursuing the law course in prepara- 
tion for practice at the bar, and was graduated LL. B. in 1902. In his school 
days he displayed notable native oratorical ability. At Acadia he took part in the 



46 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

annual debate of 1898 against Kings College, and in 1899 against Dalhousie 
University, on both of which occasions Acadia carried off the honors. Mr. 
Farris headed the big annual intercollegiate debate of 1902 between the Penn- 
sylvania and Michigan State Universities, in which Pennsylvania was victorious. 
Nor was he unknown on the athletic field, for while at Acadia he was captain 
of the football team. 

Returning to his native province following his graduation from Pennsylvania 
University, Mr. Farris at once entered upon the active practice of law at St. 
John, New Brunswick, where he remained for six months, when, thinking the 
growing western country offered still better opportunities, he came to Vancouver 
in the spring of 1903 and entered upon active practice here. He was prosecuting 
attorney for the city of Vancouver for two years, or from 1903 until 1905, and 
was a candidate for the provincial legislature on the liberal ticket in 1906 for the 
city of Vancouver. He was also a candidate for the provincial house in the fall 
of 1909 for the Richmond district. He has always been a stanch liberal and is 
president of the Vancouver City and District Liberal Associations. His party is 
now in the minority, rendering it difficult to win an election, yet Mr. Farris, 
true to his convictions, stands loyally by his principles and is a recognized leader 
in party ranks. 

In Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Mr. Farris was married on August 16, 1905, to 
Miss Evelyn Kierstad, a daughter of Professor Kierstad of McMaster University, 
Toronto. Their four children are Katherine Hay, Donald Fenwick, Ralph Kier- 
stad and John Lochlan. Mr. Farris is president of the Vancouver Acadia Alumni 
Association and belongs to the Terminal City and Press Clubs. He is steadily 
working his way upward in his profession, and his oratorical ability, clothing the 
sound logic of fact, is an element in his advancement. 



JOSEPH A. RUSSELL, LL. B. 

Joseph A. Russell is the nestor of the Vancouver bar and ranks second to no 
representative of the legal profession in this city. Honor and respect are accorded 
him and have been worthily won, and there is none whose practice more fully 
embodies the high ideals of the profession in its purpose to conserve and protect 
human rights and liberties. 

Mr. Russell was born at Newcastle, New Brunswick, on the nth of Sep- 
tember, 1866. He is a son of Mathew and Sarah Ann Russell, of whom more 
extended mention is made in connection with the sketch of F. R. McD. Russell 
on another page of this work. He supplemented a course of study in Harkins' 
Academy at Newcastle by a course in Dalhousie University, in Halifax, Nova 
Scotia, which conferred upon him the LL. B. degree in 1887. He was a law 
student of the late Hon. A. G. Blair, Q. C, and was called to the bar of New 
Brunswick in October, 1887. For a few months he practiced in his native city 
and then came to British Columbia in the spring of 1888, making his way direct 
to Vancouver. The same year he was called to the bar of this province and 
entered upon the active practice of his profession in the city which is still his 
home. He associated himself with the firm of Yates & Jay, of Victoria, open- 
ing a Vancouver office which was conducted under the name of Yates, Jay & 
Russell. A year later he purchased the interest of his two partners and con- 
tinued alone in practice for several years. He was then joined in a partnership 
by the late J. J. Godfrey, brother of William Godfrey, manager of the Bank 
of British Columbia, under the name of Russell & Godfrey. In 1896 he formed 
a partnership with his brother, F. R. McD. Russell, under the style of Russell 
& Russell, and on the admission of a third partner the firm name was changed 
to Russell, Russell & Hannington, so continuing until 1911, when Mr. Hanning- 
ton's health compelled him to limit his practice to his former field at Nelson, 
British Columbia. At that time G. E. Hancox was taken into the firm. At the 




JOSEPH A. RUSSELL 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 49 

beginning of the present year (1913) Joseph A. Russell retired from practice 
for at least a year's rest, and the firm is now Russell, MacDonald & Hancox and 
Russell, Mowat, Hancox & Farris. His comprehensive knowledge of the law 
placed J. A. Russell among the men of eminent learning in the legal profession, 
while his ability to accurately apply its principles gave him power as a bar- 
rister and counselor that placed him among the foremost representatives of 
the profession in the province, particularly in matters pertaining to marine, 
insurance, shipping and criminal law. 

For nine years Mr. Russell filled the position of police magistrate of the 
growing city of Vancouver, and aside from duties thus directly connected with 
law practice, he has had other business interests, being heavily interested in 
the salmon canning industry for several years. For a long time he has been 
interested in timber, holding substantial interests in two large lumber com- 
panies, and he is now interested in other industries, including the Vancouver 
Ship Yard, Ltd., and the Burton-Shaw Manufacturing Company, Ltd. He 
owns claims and is very active in coast mining for gold and copper, and the 
keen analytical power and ready discernment of the lawyer are also effective 
forces in recognizing the possibilities of a business situation and the utilization 
of these possibilities in the attainment of success. Mr. Russell was one of 
those who conceived the idea of establishing the Vancouver Horse Show and 
became one of the founders and active promoters of the association, of which 
he has been a director and an exhibitor from its inception. 

In the field of sports Mr. Russell is well known, and for many years was 
president and captain of the Vancouver Rowing Club. He stroked the crew 
for four years without a single loss. He is a member of the Vancouver Tennis 
Club, Vancouver Athletic Club, and was for some time president of the Pacific 
Northwest Amateur Athletic Association. He likewise belongs to the Brockton 
Point Athletic Club, has been master of the Vancouver Hunt Club since its in- 
ception in 1886, and is a member of the Canadian, Vancouver, Jericho Country 
and Minoru Clubs. He is a recognized leader in political circles and deeply 
interested in civic affairs of the city and province, but owing to his extensive 
practice and many private interests he has not found time to become openly 
identified with these. He is, however, a close student of the signs of the times 
and of the vital and significant questions of the day, and his opinions upon any 
such point elicit interest and consideration. 

In Vancouver, in 1892, Mr. Russell was married to Miss Jessie Millar, a 
daughter of James Millar, a prominent merchant of Halifax, Nova Scotia, and 
they have one child, Flora McDonald Russell, who has been an exhibitor at the 
horse show for the past six years. Such, in brief, is the life history of Joseph 
A. Russell, whose prominence as a man and as a citizen is unquestioned, while 
public opinion places him in the front rank among the barristers of Vancouver 
and the province. 



WILLIAM J. MATHERS. 

William J. Mathers is local manager for the Brachman-Ker Milling Company 
at New Westminster and by virtue of his position and the force of his ability and 
personality one of the important elements in the industrial growth of the city. A 
spirit of enterprise and progress actuates him in all that he does, and his success 
is the natural reward of his energy, progressiveness and business discrimination. 
He was born at St. Helen's, Ontario, in Huron county, in 1862, and is a son of 
Henry and Mary Mathers. 

William J. Mathers acquired his education in the public schools of his native 
community and remained in Ontario until he was fourteen years of age, at which 
time he came to British Columbia, settling in New Westminster, where he has 
since made his home. He is numbered among the early settlers and has always 



50 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

thoroughly identified his interests with those of the city. He began his business 
career as clerk in a general store, and from that position rose through successive 
stages of progress and advancement, and through the force of his ability, energy 
and enterprise, to be local manager of the Brachman-Ker Milling Company, one 
of the most important enterprises of its kind in the city. He has proved capable, 
far-sighted and reliable in the discharge of his responsible duties, and the great 
growth of the concern in the past few years is largely due to him. Always a 
public-spirited and progressive citizen, Mr. Mathers has taken a deep and intelli- 
gent interest in general business growth and did much to promote it while presi- 
dent of the New Westminster Board of Trade in 1905. 

Mr. Mathers married Miss Mary E. Whelen of New Westminster and they 
have three children, one son and two daughters. The family are well known in 
social circles of the city and have an extensive and representative circle of 
friends. 



HENRY DAVIS. 

In pioneer times Henry Davis settled near Langley, on the Eraser river, and 
during the many years which elapsed from that period until the time of his death 
he remained an active and honored citizen of this locality. To him the section 
owes the development of one of the finest farms in this part of British Columbia 
and many other valuable contributions to its growth and progress and thus it 
was that in his passing it lost a valued, useful and representative citizen. In the 
course of years his business interests became extensive and yet he did not allow 
the accumulation of wealth to mar his kindly nature, his courtesy and his geniality 
and he was never known to take advantage of the necessities of others in any 
business transaction. 

Mr. Davis was born in Ireland, March 15, 1848, and is a son of James and 
Susannah Davis, the former a substantial farmer of Derrylane, County Cavan. 
In that section of the Emerald isle Henry Davis spent his childhood but when 
he was eleven years of age he crossed the Atlantic to America, settling in Well- 
ington county, Ontario. There he grew to manhood, gaining during this time a 
knowledge of the best and most effective agricultural methods, and about a 
quarter of a century before his death moved to British Columbia, where he long 
remained an honored and respected citizen. For a number of years he engaged 
in contracting on some of the roads which were built early in the history of the 
settlement of the section around Langley but he afterward turned his attention 
to farming near Langley, developing an extensive and productive ranch which 
for over twenty years he continued to improve and cultivate, a substantial fortune 
accruing from his well directed labors. He became one of the most extensive 
landowners and prosperous ranchers in this locality, owning besides his home 
farm another tract in the Surrey municipality, and he made his name honored 
and respected as a synonym not only for successful accomplishment but for 
high standards of business and personal honor. 

On the 6th of January, 1892, at Hollen, Ontario, Mr. Davis was united in 
marriage to Miss Lizzie Henderson, a daughter of George and Harriet Hender- 
son, the former a mill owner and farmer in that vicinity. Mr. and Mrs. Davis 
became the parents of three children, Margaret, Leslie and Roy, who live with 
their mother at New Westminster. 

Mr. Davis was a devout member of the Methodist church and he gave his 
political allegiance to the conservative party, being stanch in his support of its 
principles and policies although never active as an office seeker. He died upon 
his ranch, January 13, 1901, and his passing was widely and deeply regretted 
in a community where he had made his home for over a quarter of a century 
and where his many excellent qualities had endeared him to all who came within 
the close circle of his friendship. If success means a long and useful life, a 




HENRY DAVIS 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 53 

peaceful and contented fireside, steadily increasing prosperity in business and 
growing esteem among neighbors and associates, then Mr. Davis has been a 
successful man, as he was a worthy, honorable and useful citizen. 



HENRY MCDOWELL. 

Henry McDowell has for a number of years been prominently identified with 
various important commercial lines in Vancouver and the Canadian northwest, 
having been for a long time associated with the wholesale drug business, but at 
present he gives his whole time to his important duties as president of the 
McDowell-Mouat Coal Company. There is no better evidence of the position 
which he occupies relative to his importance in the commercial life of the city 
than the fact that he served in the position of president of the Board of Trade, 
in which office he had decided influence upon the growth and commercial expan- 
sion of the city. He has distinct claim upon the title of pioneer of the city, and 
by his own efforts has become one of its most successful business men who has 
let no opportunity pass which would lead to the advancement and phenomenal 
prosperity that it has been the fortune of Vancouver to enjoy. His life record 
and that of the city are closely intertwined and it may be said of him that each 
has contributed to the other's benefit. 

Henry McDowell was born in Milton, Halton county, Ontario, on the 3d of 
March, 1862, a son of Robert McDowell, a native of Ireland, whose ambitious 
spirit would not let him be content with the easy-going, Irish country life, and 
decided him to emigrate to Canada in 1849, to grow up with the development 
of a new country and here he followed successfully agricultural pursuits until 
his death in 1864, when only in his thirty-sixth year. He married, in the isle 
of Erin, Mary Ann Doherty, who first saw the light of day near the birthplace 
where her future husband had been born. Her death occurred in 1891, when she 
was sixty-three years old. Both were devout adherents of the Episcopal church 
and were pious and God-fearing people, greatly respected in the community 
where they lived for their high qualities of mind and character. Their son, 
Henry, and his sister, Mrs. Charles H. Mouat, were the only ones of the family 
to come to Vancouver, and both are still residents of this city. 

Henry McDowell received a public-school education and after laying aside his 
text-books began to learn the drug trade in his native town. In 1884, however, he 
left Milton and removed to Port Arthur, where for two years he was connected 
as clerk with the office force of O'Connor & Company. In 1886, not long after the 
fatal conflagration, Mr. McDowell came to Vancouver, and for that reason he 
must be accounted one of its real pioneers, as all that had been here in the way 
of a town had been destroyed by the fire demon and the rebirth of the city may 
truly be called the beginning of the Vancouver of today. Upon his arrival he 
opened a drug store, and success attended him from the beginning, as his busi- 
ness interests reached out and grew with the rapid advancement of the city. 
His drug store was the first one to open after the fire, and he continued it until 
1891 alone, when he was joined in partnership by H. H. Watson, which was 
productive of many excellent results, and continued until 1895, when the firm 
was merged with that of Atkins & Atkins and became the McDowell-Atkins- 
Watson Company. They largely widened the scope of their activities by opening 
as many as eleven different stores on such corners of the city that offered the 
best inducements. They also maintained a wholesale business, which in 1902 
was merged with that of Henderson Brothers of Victoria, and the wholesale 
branch continued under the name of Henderson Brothers, Ltd., one of the 
largest and foremost firms of its kind in the Dominion, the business being later 
taken over by the National Drug Company of Canada and discontinued at 
Vancouver. In his later years the interests of Mr. McDowell have extended to 
other important commercial enterprises of the town, among which one of the 



54 

most important is the McDowell-Motiat Coal Company, Ltd., located at 724 
Hastings street, West, Vancouver, of which he is the chief executive officer, 
and to which he now devotes his whole attention. 

In 1890 Mr. McDowell was united in marriage to Miss Dell Clarke, a 
daughter of Edward Clarke, of Pembroke, Ontario, and of Irish descent. In 
their family are three children: Mary Emily, Robert Clarke and Dell McLaren. 
One of the most attractive residences of the city is the home of the family and 
its elegant rooms often see the company of their many friends, who delight to 
partake of the warm hospitality Mr. and Mrs. McDowell dispense. Their 
religious affiliations are with the Church of England, to which they give their 
moral and material support in unstinted measure. As a member of the Board 
of Trade Mr. McDowell has often raised his voice in indorsement of important 
measures which have greatly contributed toward the commercial expansion of the 
city, and other interests of his life are such that they have materially contributed 
toward betterment and improvement along various lines. He is conceded to be 
one of the foremost and substantial men of the community and all those who 
have the pleasure of his acquaintance delight to do him honor as a pioneer and as 
a man who has attained his goal without ever having to endanger his principles 
of uprightness and one who has attained financial independence in conformity 
with the tenets of the Golden Rule. 



WALFORD DOUGLAS SOMERLED RORISON. 

Walford Douglas Somerled Rorison is well and prominently known in busi- 
ness life of Vancouver as vice president of R. D. Rorison & Son, Ltd., and in 
military circles of British Columbia as one of the most distinguished, efficient 
and able officers in the Canadian Army Service Corps, also being commissioner 
of the Boy Scouts for the mainland of the province. The basis of his success 
has been the same in both lines natural talents and powers well developed along 
constructive and modern lines, a keen, incisive and liberal mind, sound and prac- 
tical judgment, and these qualities, dominating his character, have made him 
one of the best known and most representative men in the city of Vancouver at 
the present time. He was born in Renfrew, Ontario, on the I5th of October, 
1877, and is a son of Robert Douglas and Charlotte (Walford) Rorison, 
extended mention of whom will be found on another page in this volume. 

Walford D. S. Rorison acquired his education in the public schools of Ren- 
frew, Ontario, and Winnipeg, Manitoba, and at Manitoba College in Winnipeg. 
He came to Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1899 DUt > having determined to 
follow the profession of a mining engineer, went to Longboro Inlet, where for a 
year he was associated with the Cuba Silver Mining Company as assistant to 
the engineer in charge. At the end of that time he returned to Vancouver and 
took up the study of law, in which he continued for one year. However, his 
father's business had in the meantime grown to a point where it required more 
time and attention than Robert D. Rorison could give it personally and he accord- 
ingly persuaded his son to give up the idea of a professional life and to cast his 
lot along business lines. The association between father and son which was 
then formed continues to the present time and has been productive of excellent 
results. The business was first conducted under the name of R. D. Rorison & 
Son and was later incorporated as R. D. Rorison & Son, Ltd., with Mr. Rorison 
of this review as vice president. The various projects promoted and operated 
by this company are given extended mention in the biography of Robert Douglas 
Rorison in this work. The son has been a helpful factor in the building up 
of the concern, in the establishment of the policies which have made it great, 
and he has shown conclusively that his choice of a life work was a fortunate 
one, his business ability being of an unusual order. Situations calling for execu- 
tive power, for quickness of action, for comprehensive grasp of detail are handled 




WALFORD D. S. RORISON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 57 

by him in a systematic and able way and his developing powers have aided 
greatly in the building up of the great concern with which he is connected and 
also in the promotion of general business activity in Vancouver. 

It is not alone along business lines, however, that Mr. Rorison has done 
splendid work, for from an early date in his career he has been interested in 
military affairs and is today one of the most distinguished and able army officers 
in western Canada. As a boy he was captain and drill master of his schoolmates 
and while at college he kept up his interest in military affairs and in athletics as 
a means of military supremacy. After coming to Vancouver he became actively 
associated with the militia and enlisted as a private in D Company, Sixth Regi- 
ment, Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles. He rapidly passed the various examina- 
tions and went through all the ranks of non-commissioned officers and in 1907 
took at the same time the examinations for the ranks of lieutenant and captain, 
being granted his certificates on the 4th of July of the same year. His warrant 
was signed by Earl Grey, September 26, 1907, and he received his equitation 
certificate January 10, of the following year, taking active command of D Com- 
pany, Sixth Regiment, in which he had originally enlisted as a private. This 
command he resigned in 1911 and was put on the Corps of Reserve of D Com- 
pany, later taking command of H Company of the same regiment. Again he 
went on the Corps of Reserve and in January, 1913, attended the school of 
instruction for the Canadian Army Service Corps, passing the lieutenant's and 
captain's examinations and being granted his equitation certificate on the loth 
of May, 1913. After the camp, which was concluded June 14, 1913, he was 
transferred to D Squadron, Thirty-first British Columbia Horse, with instruc- 
tions from Lieutenant Colonel Charles Flick to organize the first troop of cav- 
alry on the lower mainland at Eburn, British Columbia. 

As an officer Mr. Rorison has been very efficient and capable, for he possesses 
the necessary executive and administrative ability and power of control, combined 
with the personal characteristics which make for popularity among his men 
and with his superior officers as well. These latter respect and admire his 
undoubted ability and he has received many marks of honor and distinction in 
recognition of his constructive and able military service. Though a junior 
officer, he was appointed to command a company at the military maneuvers held 
in connection with the tercentenary celebration at Quebec in 1908, being the 
only officer appointed from the mainland of British Columbia to represent the 
infantry at that celebration. This was a high tribute to Mr. Rorison's efficiency 
as an officer and was accorded to him in recognition of definite work which he 
had accomplished along organizing lines. 

In 1910 Mr. Rorison became interested in the Boy Scout movement and 
active in the work of that organization in Vancouver. In the following year he 
had the pleasure of entertaining in his home Lieutenant General Sir Robert 
Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, who in 1908, on his first visit to British 
Columbia, organized the Boy Scouts in this province. From him Mr. Rorison 
obtained at first hand complete information on the objects and ideals of the 
organization and this greatly stimulated his interest and activity, so that in the 
fall of 1911, upon the resignation of Major Tite as commissioner of the Boy 
Scouts for the mainland of British Columbia, he succeeded the latter in that 
office and so continues to the present time, having a record for constructive and 
systematic work along this line which cannot be surpassed in the Dominion. 
When he took charge in 1911 there were only seventy-five boys who were active 
members of the Scouts, while at the present time there are three hundred on the 
active list in the cities of Vancouver and North Vancouver alone. On Lieutenant 
General Sir Robert Baden-Powell's last visit to the province he praised highly 
Mr. Rorison's work and recommended its continuance along the lines on which 
it had been begun, for he recognized the organizing ability of Major Tite's 
successor and his thorough efficiency in the work. 

On the 8th of July, 1908, Mr. Rorison was united in marriage to Miss Lucy 
Wyman Wright, of Renfrew, Ontario, a daughter of Orange Wright, a native 



58 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

of that city, where he is serving as a customs official. The Wright family came 
from England to America in colonial times, settling at Boston, where they 
resided for a number of years. They, however, were United Empire Loyalists 
and during the American revolution moved to Canada, settling as pioneers in 
Ottawa valley, Ontario. Mr. and Mrs. Rorison have two children: Charlotte 
Amy Wright, who was born May 19, 1909; and Robert Douglas, born April 
28, 1911. 

Mr. Rorison is a member of St. John's Presbyterian church and is connected 
fraternally with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, belonging to the Ren- 
frew, Ontario, lodge, of which his father is a charter member. A man of forceful 
personality, varied interests, keen and well developed qualities of mind, he is 
recognized as one of Vancouver's representative citizens, the value of whose 
work along military and business lines it is almost impossible to estimate. By 
reason of the mature judgment which characterizes all of his efforts he stands 
today as a splendid type of the prominent capitalist and man of affairs to whom 
business is but one phase of life and does not exclude active participation in 
the many other vital interests which go to make up the sum of human existence. 



DAVID E. BROWN. 

Since starting in the business world David E. Brown has advanced step by 
step, overcoming all difficulties and obstacles and achieving success through 
merit and ability. He is now president of D. E. Brown, Hope & Macaulay, Lim- 
ited, in which connection he has won for the company a creditable and enviable 
reputation in the insurance, loan, investment and real-estate field. His knowledge 
of matters essential along those lines is comprehensive and exact, and with added 
executive force he has gained a large and desirable clientage. The place of his 
nativity was Owen Sound, Ontario, and the date, March 20, 1855, his parents 
being George and Margaret Brown. After attending public school at Owen 
Sound and Fergus, Ontario, Mr. Brown sought and obtained employment with 
the Great Western Railway in Canada, being connected with that corporation for 
five or six years. He continued in railway work with the Hamilton & Northwest- 
ern until that corporation was absorbed by the Northern Railway of Canada, and 
the system was called the Northern & Northwestern Railway of Canada, for 
whom he continued as agent, traveling auditor, cashier and accountant at the lake 
ports, thus serving until 1883. In the latter year he accepted the position of local 
freight agent for the Canadian Pacific at Winnipeg, continuing so until 1886, when 
he was transferred to Vancouver, British Columbia, as district freight and passen- 
ger agent. He subsequently became assistant general freight and passenger agent 
of western lines, his jurisdiction extending east as far as Port Arthur and Fort 
William. In 1892 he became general agent for the Canadian Pacific in the Orient, 
and for fourteen years did important work for the company in that section of the 
globe as general manager for Asia, with headquarters at Hong Kong. Returning 
to Vancouver in 1906, he became general superintendent of the company's Pacific 
steamers, holding that office for one year. Upon his retirement on a pension from 
the Canadian Pacific in 1907, following twenty-four years in the service of that 
corporation, he established himself as an insurance and financial broker in Van- 
couver, also doing a general railroad and steamship business, organizing the firm 
of D. E. Brown & Company. For a year the business was conducted under that 
style and was then incorporated as D. E. Brown & Macaulay, Ltd., and reorganized 
in 1913, under the style of D. E. Brown, Hope & Macaulay, Limited. Mr. Brown 
was elected president of the company and he is still filling that position. As its 
chief executive officer he controls and directs the policy of the firm which has 
gained a substantial position in connection with insurance, loans and investments, 
and also has operated in the real-estate field. They handle for the Canadian 
Pacific Irrigation Colonization Company, farm lands in British Columbia, Alberta, 




DAVID E. BROWN 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 61 

Manitoba and Saskatchewan. They are passenger agents also for the Canadian 
Pacific Company's railway and steamship lines, doing a general railway and steam- 
ship passenger business as agents for all trans-Atlantic and Pacific lines. They 
are also passenger agents for the Southern and Union Pacific, the Oregon Short 
Line, and the Oregon- Washington Railroad & Navigation Company, better known 
under the name of the "Harriman system." They maintain a branch office in 
London, England, and their business along these lines is so large that the 
firm is conceded to be one of the foremost in the province. Aside from the activi- 
ties of the company, Mr. Brown owns individually considerable real estate in 
British Columbia. 

The political indorsement of Mr. Brown is given to the conservative party. 
He has for a considerable period been identified with the Masonic fraternity, in 
which he has taken the degrees of the Scottish Rite. He is an Anglican in relig- 
ious faith. Mr. Brown is a prominent club man, being a member of the Terminal 
City, Vancouver, Shaughnessy Heights Golf and Vancouver Country Clubs of 
Vancouver; the St. James Club, of Montreal; and the Thatched House Club, 
of London. Mr. Brown resides at Shaughnessy Heights. 



WILLIAM ARTHUR DASHWOOD-JONES. 

William Arthur Dashwood- Jones, for twenty-one years a representative of 
the provincial government in various official positions, has since the ist of August, 
1908, served as deputy provincial assessor. In every connection his record has 
been marked by a patriotic devotion to the general good and in the discharge 
of his duties he has ever placed the public welfare before personal aggrandize- 
ment. He was born March 25, 1858, at Kinson, Dorset, England, a son of 
Captain Dashwood- Jones, R. A., and Annie Selina (Waters) Dash wood- Jones, 
both of whom passed away many years ago. The paternal grandfather was 
General W. D. Jones, R. A., a veteran of the Crimean and Peninsular wars and 
related to several of the oldest families in England. The elder branch of the 
family lives at Craner Hall, Fakenham, Norfolk, England. 

William A. Dashwood- Jones pursued his education in the Wimborne grammar 
school and in the University College School of London, preparing for Cam- 
bridge. He did not graduate, however, but left that institution at the age of 
seventeen years on account of the loss of his income. On the 3d of March, 1876, 
he left his native land, then a youth of eighteen years, and on the 2ist of April, 
following, arrived in Nanaimo, British Columbia, where he remained for some 
time with an uncle, the late Archdeacon Mason, and his family. For a short 
time he engaged in farming in Cowichan and later traveled about. He put in a 
season on the Skeena at Turner Beeton's cannery, also at a cannery on the Fraser 
at Canoe Pass, previous to taking up the work of railway construction in the 
beginning of 1880. He joined the Dominion government staff of engineers on 
Canadian Pacific Railway construction as rodman and subsequently was made 
secretary to H. A. F. MacLeod, resident engineer near Spences Bridge in 
December., 1880, and left there in 1885 to join the British Columbia Express 
Company. When the Dominion Express Company took over their railway work 
he was in their employ for a year. In 1887 he embarked in business on his 
own account as a dealer in produce in New Westminster, and so continued until 
1892, when the hard times compelled him to withdraw from that field of com- 
merce. He shipped the first fresh salmon across the Rocky mountains over the 
Canadian Pacific soon after through trains were put upon that line. 

In 1893 Mr- Dashwood-Jones entered the service of the provincial govern- 
ment and is still in that employ. On the ist of May, 1893, ne was appointed 
clerk in the land registry office for the provincial government. On the ist of 
May, 1905, he was made revenue tax collector and clerk in the provincial 
assessor's office, and on the ist of August, 1908, was promoted to the position 



62 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

of deputy provincial assessor. He was also school trustee of the city of New 
Westminster in 1903 and 1904, and the cause of education found in him a stal- 
wart champion, ready to promote any activity or adopt any project that would 
advance the best interests of the schools of the city. In all of his official 
positions he has been prompt, faithful and capable in the discharge of his duties, 
and the excellent record he has made is attested by the fact that he has been 
retained in the employ of the provincial government through two decades. 

On the 1 6th of March, 1886, at Spences Bridge, Mr. Dashwood-Jones was 
married to Miss Jennie Anne Clemes, a daughter of the late William Clemes, a 
farmer of Manitoba and a representative of a Cornish family that was estab- 
lished in Canada about a half century ago. Mr. and Mrs. Dashwood-Jones are the 
parents of five children: Edith Mary, now the wife of Maitland Shore, 
Canadian Pacific Railway agent at Merritt, British Columbia ; Grace Constance ; 
Stewart Lawrence, a law student with Milton Price, barrister of Vancouver; 
Ellen Kathleen; and Victor Neville. Mr. and Mrs. Dashwood-Jones hold mem- 
bership in the English church, being identified with the congregation of St. 
Alban's at Burnaby. In politics he has always been a conservative. He belongs 
to the New Westminster Club and he is a past master of King Solomon Lodge, 
No. 17, A. F. & A. M., and a member of Rose of Columbia Lodge of the Sons 
of England. For a number of years he has been a director in the Royal Agri- 
cultural and Industrial Society of New Westminster and is extremely active in 
horticultural circles. He has ever taken the deepest interest in horticulture and 
its promotion. About five years ago he met with a severe accident through a 
cut with a pane of glass in his greenhouse, which almost totally disabled his 
right hand. Within two months, however, he learned to write with his left hand, 
and has continued to work in his official connection to the present time. His 
interest in horticulture has been a salient feature in his life for many years, 
and he is today well known at most of the floral shows as a successful exhibitor 
and frequently acts in the capacity of judge when not exhibiting. He thoroughly 
understands the scientific as well as the practical phases of horticulture and his 
efforts along that line constitute an even balance to his activity in his official 
connections. 



ALEXANDER PEERS. 

Among the men who were active in inaugurating and shaping the agricultural 
development of the section around New Westminster was numbered Alexander 
Peers, one of the first to preempt land in this locality and who for many years 
was known as a successful and able farmer. His death, therefore, on the I2th 
of November, 1899, deprived the region of one of its real pioneers and, although 
the later years of his life were spent in retirement, his contributions to general de- 
velopment and growth were important and substantial. 

Mr. Peers was born in Woodstock, Ontario, in 1837, and was a son of William 
and Hulda Peers, the former a prosperous and substantial farmer in that prov- 
ince. In the acquirement of an education Alexander Peers attended public school 
in Woodstock and later entered Victoria College at Cobourg. He afterwards ob- 
tained his teachers' certificate and for some time engaged in teaching in eastern 
Canada, coming west about 1869 with the determination to seek his fortune in the 
newly developed province of British Columbia. After his arrival he preempted 
land at Chilliwack and remained in that vicinity for about thirteen years, turning 
his attention to agricultural pursuits. He engaged in general farming and stock- 
raising and success steadily attended his well directed and practical labors until he 
became finally one of the representative, substantial and prosperous agriculturists 
in that vicinity. Eventually, however, he sold his ranch and came to New West- 
minster when it was a mere village, buying property and engaging in poultry 
raising and gardening. He followed this occupation not so much in order to gain 




ALEXANDEE PEEKS 




MARGARET PEERS 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 67 

a livelihood as that he might be active, as idleness was irksome to him and after 
he had abandoned it, he lived retired in New Westminster, where he became 
widely and favorably known as a man of genuine personal worth, effective public 
spirit and high standards of business and personal integrity. 

On the 3ist of May, 1874, Mr. Peers married Miss Margaret Wells, a daughter 
of Allen and Martha Wells. Mrs. Peers survives her husband and makes her 
home in New Westminster. She is a descendant of old United Empire Loyalist 
stock and as a young woman came to British Columbia, watching through the 
years the great change which has practically transformed this region and revolu- 
tionized its business conditions. She is interested in questions of general im- 
portance and in everything relating to the welfare and growth of the city where 
her excellent qualities of character have gained her a wide and representative 
circle of friends. 

Mr. Peers gave his political allegiance to the liberal party and was a devout 
member of the Methodist church, guiding his upright and honorable life by the 
principles in which he believed. He was a strong advocate of temperance and did 
a great deal to promote this cause throughout the province. Throughout the 
period of his residence here he witnessed practically the entire growth and de- 
velopment of New Westminster and the surrounding country and his public- 
spirited work in the general interests of the community made him widely and 
favorably known. His death therefore removed from the city one whom it could 
ill afford to lose, a man whose strength of purpose and undaunted energy found 
expression in earnest and well directed work in the promotion of civic develop- 
ment and in the support of projects and measures for advancement and growth. 



HENRY A. STONE. 

Henry A. Stone as managing director of Gault Brothers' dry-goods estab- 
lishment at Vancouver occupies a prominent position in the commercial circles 
of the city and is equally widely known because of his public spirit and his 
active and helpful connection with the Board of Trade. Indomitable energy and 
perseverance carry him forward to success in whatever line he engages, and his 
efforts are at all times guided by sound judgment, productive of splendid results. 
A native of London, England, Mr. Stone was born in 1863, his parents being 
William and Susan M. (Bluck) Stone, the former a native of Scotland and the 
latter of England. The father was a merchant of London and many times vis- 
ited Canada but never became a permanent resident of the Dominion. In 
Masonic circles in England he was very prominent, being identified with the order 
for more than a half century. Both he and his wife have now passed away. 
They were parents of six children, but only two came to the new world, Henry 
A. and Charles E., the latter a resident of Toronto. 

After acquiring his education in a private college of London, Henry A. Stone 
was apprenticed to the dry-goods business in that city, and in 1882 came to 
Canada, settling in Toronto, where he was in the employ of others for a time, 
but later engaged in the dry-goods business on his own account. He remained 
an active factor in trade circles there until 1902, when he made arrangements 
with Gault Brothers to come to Vancouver as managing director of their branch 
house in this city. The firm of The Gault Brothers Company, Ltd., wholesale dry- 
goods merchants, was founded in Montreal more than sixty years ago. In 1898, 
when the population of Vancouver was twenty-three thousand, Andrew F. Gault, 
the organizer of the firm, accompanied by James Rodger, visited this city and, rec- 
ognizing something of what the future had in store for it, decided to esablish a 
branch house here, which was done the following year. Since that time it has 
been necessary on two or three different occasions to secure enlarged quarters, 
and the business in Vancouver was organized as a separate company under the 

name of Gault Brothers, Ltd. Their wholesale dry-goods establishment occupies 
Vf i. in 3 



68 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

a modern seven-story building at No. 361 Water street, containing forty thousand 
feet of floor space. The employes number thirty-five, including seven traveling 
salesmen, and the business extends largely over British Columbia and the Yukon 
district. As managing director Mr. Stone bends his energies to administrative 
direction and executive control and his well formulated and carefully executed 
plans are productive of splendid success. 

Since coming to Vancouver, Mr. Stone has become a most active factor in the 
work of the Board of Trade, of which he has been a member of the council 
for ten years, while in 1908 he occupied the presidential chair. For six years 
he was chairman of the land settlement committee of the board and throughout 
the entire period of his connection with the board he has persistently placed 
before the merchants and citizens of the city the necessity of land settlement in 
the furtherance of trade increase and provincial development. For three years 
he was chairman of the freight rates committee of the Board of Trade and gave 
liberally of his time and energy to secure the revision of freight rates on goods 
coming into this province, his efforts being crowned with a large measure of suc- 
cess. He has carefully studied all of the important questions coming before the 
board, and his public spirit, combined with the recognition of the needs, the oppor- 
tunities and the resources of the city, has enabled him to so direct public thought 
and action through the board as to secure the adoption of various plans and 
projects that have been of material benefit to the city. Mr. Stone was also a 
director of the First International Apple Show, held in Vancouver, which did as 
much and probably more in the way of advertising the resources of British Colum- 
bia than any exhibit ever shown in the province. 

In 1888, in Old Barnes church, in Putney, England, Mr. Stone was united in 
marriage to Miss Beatrice H. Philps, a native of that country. The three 
children of this marriage are: Frances M., the wife of W. R. Mathews, of 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Horace G., now attending McGill University at 
Montreal; and Elsie V., at home. Mr. Stone is a conservative, but never active 
in party ranks. He served in the Queen's Own Rifles of Toronto and held a 
sergeant's certificate. He is a member of the Church of England and belongs 
to the Terminal City, Progress and Canadian Clubs, enjoying their social features 
and taking an active and helpful part in their efforts to advance the interests and 
promote the welfare of the city. He is a public-spirited man and one whose 
efforts have been of far-reaching influence. 



LIEUTENANT COLONEL THE HON. E. G. PRIOR. 

The life history of Colonel E. G. Prior is inseparably interwoven with the 
history of Victoria, British Columbia, and of Canada. He has been a cabinet 
officer, a member of parliament, member of the provincial parliament and premier 
of British Columbia, and, moreover, is one of the foremost business men of 
Vancouver island. His position socially, politically and commercially is a most 
prominent one. He has been identified with all the progressive movements that 
have tended to better social and civic conditions in the community for an extended 
period, and at all times, while working toward high ideals, he has employed 
practical methods that have proved effective in attaining the result desired. 

He was born May 21, 1853, at Dallaghgill, near Ripon, in Yorkshire, England, 
the second son of the Rev. Henry Prior, vicar of that place, and Hannah Prior. 
Both parents are now deceased. The son was educated at Leeds grammar school 
and afterward served his articles as mining engineer in Wakefield. In November, 
1873, he engaged with the Vancouver Coal Mining & Land Company, Ltd., and 
came to Vancouver island as engineer for that company, with which he remained 
until 1878. When the Mine Inspection Act was passed the miners of the country 
petitioned the government to make Mr. Prior government inspector of mines, 
which request was accordingly complied with. 




HON. E. G. PRIOR 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 71 

In 1880, however, having found that a government position offered little 
opportunity for advancement, Mr. Prior purchased half the business of Alfred 
Fellows, a hardware merchant, who had opened a store in 1859. The firm 
then became Fellows & Prior and continued as such until 1883, when Mr. Prior 
purchased his partner's interest. When he entered the business in 1880 there 
was only one employe and the store was located on Yates street. When Mr. 
Prior took over the entire business he began making plans for its expansion, 
resolving that he would increase the sales if it could be done by honorable, 
progressive methods. The result of the enterprising spirit and contagious enthu- 
siasm which he introduced as a factor in the business had immediate results 
and his growing trade led to his admitting G. F. Mathews to a partnership in 
the business in 1886. In 1891 they were joined by G. W. Wynne, who had 
commenced with Mr. Fellows, and in 1905 by C. P. W. Schwengers. These four 
gentlemen own the entire stock of E. G. Prior & Company, Ltd., under which 
name the business was incorporated in 1891. The head offices and warehouses 
are situated in Victoria, with branch houses in Vancouver and Kamloops. The reg- 
ular staff today consists of over ninety-five people and ninety-four thousand square 
feet of floor space is utilized. The firm has offices in both London, England, 
and New York, and their business covers the whole of British Columbia. They 
have an extensive trade in iron and hardware as well as in machinery, and are 
the sole agents in this province for many of the largest firms in the world. 
They issue a hardware catalogue of over eight hundred pages and a smaller 
machinery catalogue. Their regular customers include nearly all of the owners 
of the largest mills, mines and railways and the foremost contractors and farmers 
in the province. Theirs has been a steadily growing business that owes its 
success in major part to the man whose name it bears. 

Mr. Prior is essentially a typical, energetic business man of the present 
age methodical, systematic, aggressive, affable and always approachable. .The 
same qualities, too, indicate his fitness for activity in politics, and his fellow 
townsmen, desiring his services in that connection, elected him a member of the 
British Columbia legislature, in which he served from 1886 until 1888, when 
he resigned to become a candidate for the house of commons, to which he was 
returned by acclamation. He was reelected in 1891, 1896 and 1900, a fact indica- 
tive of his fidelity and capability in office. He has ever subordinated self- 
aggrandizement to the public good, and he stands loyally in support of every 
principle in which he believes. During the Sir Mackenzie-Bowell's ministry in 
1895 Mr. Prior was controller of inland revenue, with a seat in the cabinet, and 
was also with Sir Charles Tupper's ministry until its resignation in 1896. In 
November, 1902, he was made premier of British Columbia and so continued 
until June, 1903. 

Mr. Prior was elected a life member of the North of England Institute of 
Mining and Mechanical Engineers in 1875. He * s also vice president of the 
Victoria Board of Trade. His military serivce has also brought him prominently 
into public notice. For several years he was lieutenant colonel of the Fifth 
Regiment Garrison Artillery of British Columbia, continuing in that position 
from 1888 until 1896. He holds a certificate of qualification from the Royal 
School of Artillery, and he was twice president of the Dominion Artillery Asso- 
ciation. He was appointed extra aid-de-camp of two of the governor generals of 
Canada, Lord Stanley and Lord Aberdeen, being first called to the position in 
1889, and he commanded the Canadian Rifle Team at Bisley, England, in 1890. 

In 1878 Mr. Prior married Suzette Work, of Victoria, and by this marriage 
a son and three daughters were born : Helen Kendell Mouncey, the eldest, is now 
the wife of Captain, the Hon. F. G. Hood, R. E., stationed in Ireland; Cecelia 
Maud is the wife of Judge Lampman, of Victoria ; Basil Gawler is engaged in 
the real-estate business in Victoria ; Jessie Burton is at home. The mother passed 
away in 1897 and in 1899 Mr. Prior was again married, his second union being 
with Genevieve B. Wright, a daughter of Captain Thomas Wright, of San 



72 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

Francisco. In addition to his city residence in Victoria Colonel Prior has a 
beautiful country home on the shores of Shawnigan lake on Vancouver island. 

Colonel Prior is a member of the Union Club of Victoria, of which he is 
now the president. He also belongs to the Vancouver Club of Vancouver, British 
Columbia, and the United Empire Club of London, England. Politically he is 
a conservative. He is fond of motoring and fishing and much of his recreation 
comes to him along those lines. His ability to meet all men affably and tact- 
fully, his thorough business methods and his faculty for careful organization, 
together with other cardinal virtues of the successful business man industry, 
honesty, system and one price for all are the secrets of his commercial pros- 
perity. Always pleasant and courteous, calm and serene at all times and under 
any circumstances, he wins friends wherever he goes. Under a quiet exterior, 
however, there is an underlying force of will and reserve. He is a man who 
has fought battles in the political and business arena for the mere love of winning 
the victory, and the greater the difficulties the more determined and persistent 
his purpose. He commands and holds the respect and loyalty of his associates 
and his employes. He has with him men who have been in his service for the 
past twenty or thirty years, and no higher testimonial of his character could 
be given than this. 



HENRY VALENTINE EDMONDS. 

The prestige of the Edmonds name has been so long established in the prov- 
ince of British Columbia, and especially in the city of New Westminster, that 
no introduction is necessary to recall one of the foremost personalities that 
shap.ed the early history and development of the institutions and business affairs 
of this city. The late Henry Valentine Edmonds, whose place and influence in 
the history of British Columbia deserve especial prominence, was born in Dublin, 
Ireland, February 14, 1837, and died in Vancouver, this province, on the I4th 
day of June, 1897. He was the second son of William and Matilda E. (Hum- 
phries) Edmonds, both natives of Dublin. On the paternal side the descent is 
traced from an old English family that settled in Ireland during the early days, 
and on the maternal side the ancestry in French Huguenot, the forbears escap- 
ing from France at the time of the St. Bartholomew massacre and the subse- 
quent persecution of the Huguenots. 

Until his twelfth year the late Mr. Edmonds was educated in the schools of 
his native city, Dublin, and then the family removed to Liverpool, England, 
where he attended the High School Mechanics Institute. He later went abroad 
on the continent and was a student in the famous Moravian Institute at Neuwied 
on the Rhine, finishing his education in Dresden, Saxony. His early business 
career was spent in Liverpool, and later in London. While in the latter city he 
joined the First Surrey Volunteers, the first of the new corps established in that 
city, but upon the formation of the London Irish Volunteers he joined his national 
corps. Passing rapidly through the non-commissioned ranks, he was selected by 
the Marquis of Donegal, the colonel commanding, as ensign of a new company, 
especially formed for the marquis' son-in-law, Lord Ashley. On receiving 
this appointment, July 5, 1860, Mr. Edmonds was attached to the Third Batta- 
lion Grenadier Guards for drill instruction, and passed with a first-class certifi- 
cate. On April 13, 1861, he was promoted to a lieutenancy, and held this rank 
until he resigned in April, 1862, in order to come to British Columbia. At that 
time he stood second on the list for succession to the captaincy. Lieutenant Ed- 
monds took part in the celebrated revie\vs held in 1860 in Hyde Park, in i86[ 
at Wimbleton, and in 1862 at Brighton, under the late Lord Clyde. One day, 
after he had taken part in a parade, he was with part of his company when the 
London Bridge fire occurred, and he and his men rendered material service in 
keeping the grounds clear so that the firemen could work freely. 




HENRY VALENTINE EDMONDS 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 75 

9 

In May, 1862, Mr. Edmonds sailed from England, and on the following 4th 
of July arrived in San Francisco. He was there during the great rejoicing 
occasioned by the passage through congress of the Pacific Railway bill. In the 
same year he came on to Victoria and thence to New Westminster, where his 
career of usefulness was to henceforth be so conspicuously wrought out. For 
twenty-five years he was one of the foremost real-estate and insurance men of 
New Westminster, doing business with nearly all of the property holders of the 
city. At the same time he gave his efforts gratuitously to the advancement of all 
the best interests of the city. He was active in the organization of the Royal 
Columbian Hospital and the Mechanics Institute, and his services as secretary, 
treasurer or president were always in demand. On the formation of the Board 
of Trade in New Westminster he served as its secretary for the first year, and 
had much to do with carrying out the details of the board's organization, later 
being its vice president and for many years continuing as a factor in its work. 
He gave freely of both means and time for the proper celebration of such annual 
events as the Queen's anniversary, and also for the reception of distinguished 
visitors that came to the city. He worked hard in committee and in private to 
make these occasions a credit to the city. He is honored as the originator of the 
May Day festival throughout the province and the first celebration of that day 
was held in his city. 

He helped to organize the Howe Sound Silver Mining Companv and the 
Fraser River Beet Sugar Company. In 1873 he and other public-spirited citi- 
zens organized the Fraser Valley Railway Company, of which he was made 
secretary. Later this became the New Westminster Southern Railway Com- 
pany, in which he continued his interests. In December, 1867, he was appointed 
clerk of the municipal council and during the seven years of his incumbency 
of that office all the city's business was performed without any legal costs to the 
community. He himself drew up all the by-laws and did all the work necessi- 
tated by the incorporation of the city. 

In December, 1872, .Mr. Edmonds was selected as the agent of the govern- 
ment under the Walkem government. In addition to the exaction of his private 
affairs, he performed all the duties of this office for the district of New West- 
minster until January, 1876, when, on the advent into power of the Elliott minis- 
try, it was decided to apportion the duties of agent to several officers. Mr. 
Edmonds, thenceforth, until July, 1880, retained the office of sheriff and gave a 
most creditable performance of its work. He enjoyed the confidence of the 
entire legal profession and no suits were ever brought against him nor did he 
bring any, except such as were entirely justified and eventuated in his favor. 

In 18*70, on the organization of the New Westminster Rifle Volunteers under 
the late Captain Bushby, Mr. Edmonds was appointed adjutant, which position 
he held until 1874 when, on the formation of the No. i Rifle Company, he was 
gazetted as captain, the following memorandum being a part of his record: 
"Formerly lieutenant London Irish Volunteers, holding A-i certificate for effi- 
ciency, and remained in command until May, 1875, when he retired retaining 
rank of lieutenant." 

Mr. Edmonds served his city both in council and as its honorable mayor and 
also stood for the provincial legislature, as an independent candidate, but was 
defeated. In 1883 he received the appointment of justice of the peace for New 
Westminster city and district. Throughout his career in this city his confidence 
in the future and the boundless resources and possibilities of New Westminster, 
city and district, and the entire Fraser River valley, was unshaken, and he gave 
evidence of this confidence by his extensive investments in both the city and dis- 
trict and especially at Port Moody and what has since developed into the phe- 
nomenal city of Vancouver. He had large sawmill interests and timber tracts 
and mines in the province. He was a large shareholder in the New Westminster 
Street Railway, and the Vancouver Electric Railway & Light Company. His 
benefactions were large, and of material value. He gave Vancouver the site for 
its most pleasantly situated public school and the beautiful site for the Episcopal 



76 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

% 

church and parsonage, and to New Westminster he donated a public-school site. 
His activity and philanthropy were always manifest in the work of the Epis- 
copal diocese of New Westminster and the "Churchman's Gazette" records his 
repeated benevolences. 

In November, 1867, Mr. Edmonds was very happily married to Miss Jane 
Fortune Kemp. She was born in Cork, Ireland, the eldest daughter of Thomas 
P. Kemp, of that city. They became the parents of the following children : Wil- 
liam Humphries ; Henry Lovekin ; Beatrice Elvina, who married W. A. Monro ; 
Walter Freth; and Mary Gifford, who married C. M. Marpole, of Vancouver. 



ROBERT STEVENSON. 

The life history of Robert Stevenson if written in detail would present some 
interesting features of mining experience in the northwest. As a mine owner he 
is well known, having made extensive investments in mining property. His home 
is now at Sardis, British Columbia, and Williamstown, Glengarry, numbers him 
among its native citizens, his birth having there occurred on the 28th of July, 
1838. He is a son of Samuel and Susan Stevenson, both of whom are deceased. 
They were farming people and under the parental roof their son Robert spent 
his boyhood days, his education being acquired at the convent and grammar schools 
of Vankleek Hill, in Prescott county, Ontario. When his younger days were over 
he came, in early manhood, to British Columbia, arriving here in the month of 
May, 1859, during the time of the gold excitement in the northwest. He found, 
however, that reports had been much exaggerated and feeling that he could not 
obtain a fortune in the mines he proceeded to what was in those days called Wash- 
ington territory, now the state of Washington, in which he remained until he joined 
the celebrated Collins expedition bound for the Similkameen country and led by 
Captain Collins, a noted Indian fighter. The western country in those days was 
one vast, trackless forest, hence the difficulties to be encountered can in a measure 
be understood. The party had to make trails through unknown woods, had to 
cross rivers and climb mountains. This was the first white party to pass from the 
salt water to the interior, going in by way of the famous Snocolomie Pass. They 
crossed the pass on the 2d of June, at which time there was ten feet of snow, our 
subject trying to touch bottom with a ten-foot pole, but failing. That the party 
of thirty-four might proceed it was necessary to dig a ditch two and a half feet 
wide and two and a half feet deep and fill it in with brush to form a footing. The 
party proceeded down the Yakima river and crossed where the town of Parker is 
now located. During all the journey they were harrassed by unfriendly Indians 
who objected to the white men's intrusion into their possessions or hunting 
grounds. As Mr. Stevenson recalled this trip and in retrospect saw the country 
of those days he marvelled at the progress made. At that time between the Cas- 
cades and the present town of Midway, a distance of two hundred and fifty miles, 
there was not a white settler. The party reached Fort Okanagan, the fort of the 
Hudson's Bay Company, on the i6th of June, 1860. Two days later this fort was 
abandoned and Mr. Stevenson is today the only living man who was present at 
its abandonment. The Indians were on the warpath and had Mr. Stevenson and 
his party rounded up for five hours, but they fought their way out without losing 
a man. They reached Rock Creek mines on the 22d of June, 1860, and there 
Captain Collins made a speech and left the party. 

Mr. Stevenson engaged in prospecting for some time and then occurred the 
Rock Creek war, the miners refusing to comply with the law by taking out a license 
or recording claims. Governor Douglas went to the locality to settle the trouble 
and in recognition of the part which Mr. Stevenson had taken all through the 
difficulty Governor Douglas appointed him customs officer at a salary of two hun- 
dred and fifty dollars a month. Then came the great Cariboo gold excitement. 
Mr. Stevenson sent in his resignation as customs officer and started at once for the 




ROBERT STEVENSON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 79 

Cariboo. He had received information that horses were in great demand there, so 
he bought a large number, drove them into the country and disposed of them at a 
handsome profit. He was one of ten men who took any money into the Cariboo. He 
bought into the Jordan claim in the fall of 1861 and on the 3d of November of 
that year left for Victoria, traveling with the party of the later Governor Dewd- 
ney, now a resident of Victoria, reaching Yale on the 5th of December, and Vic- 
toria on the 1 5th of that month. While in Victoria Mr. Stevenson met the famous 
"Cariboo Cameron," who had just landed in Victoria with his family. This was 
on the 2d of March, 1862. Mr. Stevenson intrpduced Cameron to Mr. Wark, the 
chief factor of the Hudson's Bay Company, and was instrumental in his getting 
credit for goods to the amount of two thousand dollars. Mr. Stevenson went back 
to the Cariboo on the 23d of April, 1862, Cameron following in July. The former 
had heard of unclaimed ground and was forced almost to drive Cameron to assist 
in staking this. However, on the 22d of August, 1862, the Cameron mine, one of 
the richest mines of the Cariboo, was staked by Mr. Cameron and Mr. Stevenson. 
Mr. Cameron wished to name it for Mr. Stevenson but the latter had his way 
and it was called the Cameron claim. On the 2d of December, 1862, there were 
seven shareholders in the mine: John A. and Sophia Cameron, Robert Steven- 
son, Richard Rivers, Allan McDonald and Charles and James Clendening, all now 
deceased except Mr. Stevenson. Mrs. Cameron died on the 23d of October and her 
body was placed in a cabin outside of Richfield to await a chance to take her home 
for burial. On January 3ist, at a temperature of fifty degrees below zero, Mr. 
Cameron had the body removed to Victoria, where a provisional burial was made 
until later in the year when the remains were taken to Cornwall, New Brunswick, 
Mr. Cameron almost spending a fortune in accomplishing his end. He was 
notably successful as a miner for a considerable period but eventually lost all 
he had, and drifted back to Cariboo, where he died poor and was buried in the 
old mining camp. It was on the 2d of December, 1862, that the rich gold strike 
was made on the Cameron claim, Mr. Stevenson rocking out one hundred and 
fifty-five dollars from thirty-five gallons of gravel. It was after this that Mr. 
Cameron took his wife's remains to Victoria, Mr. Stevenson accompanying him, 
and the burial there took place on the 8th of March. Mr. Cameron offered twelve 
dollars a day in addition to a sum of two thousand dollars to any of the men who 
would accompany him but all were afraid of smallpox. Mr. Stevenson, however, 
went and paid his own expenses. When they were on their way out of the country 
the -cold was intense and everywhere along the road they found many dying of 
smallpox. While en route they lost their food supplies and their matches and 
suffered untold hardships but at length reached Victoria on the 7th of March. 
On November 7th, the body of Mrs. Cameron was started for the east via Panama 
for final burial. 

After the funeral services at Cornwall Mr. Stevenson returned to the Cariboo 
in 1864 and took active part in mining affairs. During the stirring days from 
1861 until 1864 and even up to 1877 he held interests in various famous claims 
including the Cameron, Prince of Wales, Moffat, the Bruce and many others, 
and is so thoroughly familiar with the history of mining development in that sec- 
tion of the country that Sir Mathew Bigbee said of him that he was the best posted 
man in the Cariboo country. 

Mr. Stevenson went to Chilliwack and there married Miss Caroline E. Wil- 
liams on the 26th of July, 1877, since which time he has been engaged in farming 
and mining. He is the largest individual mine owner in the Similkameen country 
and has large holdings at Leadville, two groups of claims at the Great Nickel 
Plate and is an extensive owner at Copper Mountain, his claims amounting alto- 
gether to more than forty. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Stevenson have been born four children : Clarinda Eliza- 
beth, a teacher of Chilliwack ; John Edison, living on a farm at Chilliwack ; Roberta 
E. L., the wife of James Watson, B. A., principal of a school at North Vancouver; 
and Robert Bryant. 



80 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

Mr. Stevenson is among the very few now living who are entitled to be num- 
bered among the real pioneers of British Columbia, for he has endured innumerable 
hardships and gathered wide experience when the resources of the province came 
to the attention of the world. There is nothing which characterizes him better 
than the way the Indians called him, the "Man Afraid of Nothing." He climbed 
the most rugged crags and would enter the wildest canyons. He swam horses 
across the Similkumeen river hundreds of times and also across the Thompson and 
the Okanagan when there were dangers on every hand. Mr. and Mrs. Stevenson 
now occupy a beautiful home on a farm of two hundred and fifty acres at Sardis, 
the large and commodious house being one of the landmarks of the region and 
the property- a show place famed as a model establishment of its kind. The history 
of both of them links the present with the pioneer days, and though both are 
advanced in age, they are still strong and robust, clear of brain and active bodily 
and mentally. Both are great workers in the Methodist Episcopal church. When 
a young man out among the hills, alone with his God and nature, Mr. Stevenson 
made a study of religious matters and has ever adhered to those deep-rooted con- 
clusions which resulted from his meditations. He has never dissipated, never 
used tobacco, and to these things and his life in the open air may be attributed 
his present splendid state of health. A man five feet seven or eight inches tall, 
he weighs over two hundred pounds and at the age of seventy-five has an energy 
and business acumen which many a successful man of half his age might well 
envy. In his political views he is a conservative. He belongs to Princess Lodge 
of Masons at Montreal and is a charter member of the Royal Order of Orangemen 
of Princeton. He also belongs to the Vancouver Mining Club. He is one of the 
few men remaining of the early days, a picturesque character because of his many 
and varied experiences in connection with the mining development of the north- 
west. He can relate most interesting incidents of the early days, of the life lived 
by the miners, and he is one of those who have prospered by labor and judicious 
investments, his mining and other properties being extensive and valuable. 



GEORGE STEVENSON HARRISON. 

While George Stevenson Harrison has been a resident of Vancouver only since 
1905 he has within that period won recognition as a strong and forceful element 
in that business activity upon which is based the present progress and prosperity 
of the city. He is today manager of the' Vancouver branch of the Merchants 
Bank, the first branch of that institution to be established in British Columbia. 
He was born at St. Mary's Ontario, June 25, 1875, and is a son of the Hon. David 
Howard and Kate (Stevenson) Harrison. The father, who was of English 
descent, was born in London township, Ontario, June I, 1843. He pursued his 
education in the University of Toronto and in McGill University at -Montreal, 
receiving from the latter institution the degree of M. D. Having thus qualified 
for the practice of medicine he followed his profession for some years at St. 
Mary's Ontario. He then removed to Winnipeg, Manitoba. He also became a 
recognized leader in politics and was first returned to the provincial legislature at 
the general election in 1883. In August, 1886, he was invited by Mr. Norquay, 
then premier of Manitoba, to join his administration, was sworn in as a member 
of the executive council and appointed minister of agriculture, statistics and health. 
He occupied that position with the government until December, 1887, when on the 
resignation of Mr. Norquay he was appointed premier by Governor Aikins and 
continued in that administrative position until January, 1888, when he resigned 
the premiership on the defeat at the polls of Joseph Burke, a member of his ad- 
ministration. He has done much to shape the public thought and action, and in 
guiding the destinies of the province wrought many noted reforms and improve- 
ments. 




GEORGE S. HARRISON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 83 

Liberal educational opportunities were accorded George Stevenson Harrison, 
who after pursuing a course of study in the Manitoba College entered the employ 
of the Merchants Bank of Canada at Winnipeg in 1893. He has since been con- 
tinuously connected with that bank and his twenty years' service as one of its 
representatives indicates his efficiency, his loyalty and his reliability. In 1905 
he came to Vancouver where he entered upon arrangements toward the establish- 
ment of a branch for the Merchants Bank which was here opened in February, 
1906. He became its manager and has since controlled the interests of the insti- 
tution which is one of the strong financial concerns of Vancouver. He also has 
individual connections, being a director of the Vancouver Financial Corporation, 
Limited. 

In 1906 Mr. Harrison was married to Miss Mary Ellen Davis, of Sarnia, 
Ontario, a daughter of Canon Davis, of the Anglican church. Their two children 
are Katherine Elizabeth and David George. Mr. Harrison is a member of tne 
Vancouver and Jericho Country Clubs and is prominent and popular in the social 
as well as the business circles of the city. His record is one which any man 
might be proud to possess for in his entire business career he has never made en- 
gagements that he has not kept nor incurred obligations that he has not met. He 
enjoys in full measure the confidence and high regard of colleagues and contem- 
poraries. 



JAMES EARL-McILREEVY. 

James Earl Mcllreevy, acting in an able and efficient manner as manager of 
the Vancouver branch of the important business operated by the Crane Company, 
was born in Belleville, Ontario, November 7, 1869, and is a son of John and 
Anna B. (Brennen) Mcllreevy, the former a native of London, England, who 
went to the United States with his parents when he was still a child. His father. 
William* Mcllreevy, was a soldier in the English army. He afterward engaged 
in the manufacturing and retail shoe business in Port Huron, Michigan, for a 
number of years and later went to New York state, where he engaged in the 
same occupation in various localities, and about 1875 went to Nebraska City, 
where he spent the remainder of his life, dying there in 1901, at the age of 
sixty-seven. His wife survives him and makes her home in Nebraska City. 

James E. Mcllreevy acquired his education in the public schools of Nebraska 
City, graduating from the high school in 1886, and he afterward supplemented 
this by a two years' business course. When he began his independent career he 
accepted a position on the construction of municipal waterworks and electric 
light plants in Nebraska City and smaller surrounding towns, spending three 
years at this work, after which, in 1890, he was made manager of the water- 
works and electric light plant in Nebraska City. This office he held until 1899, 
when he resigned in order to engage as an expert trap shooter, representing and 
introducing the clay targets and traps manufactured by the W. S. Dickey Clay 
Manufacturing Company of Kansas City, Missouri. He became the champion 
shooter on clay targets in the state of Nebraska, and in the interests of his 
concern traveled to the Pacific Coast, visiting Portland and Seattle. When he 
gave up this line of work in 1900 he became connected with the N. O. Nelson 
Manufacturing Company, wholesale plumbing supplies, with main office in St. 
Louis, Missouri, and with territory covering Illinois, Iowa and Indiana. Mr. 
Mcllreevy resigned in 1902 and moved to Seattle, entering the employ of the 
Crane Company, in which he has since continued. He did such able, far-sighted 
and capable work that in June, 1908, upon the opening of a branch store in Van- 
couver, he was transferred to this city and still remains as manager. In this 
position his excellent business and executive ability have been called forth 
and the successful operation of the local institution is largely due to him. He 
has managed its affairs in a discriminating way, developing the business along 



84 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

progressive and modern lines, ably coping with the conditions brought about by 
its rapid growth and making it what it is today, one of the largest and most 
important concerns of its kind in British Columbia. 

On June 17, 1890, Mr. Mcllreevy was united in marriage to Miss Emma 
Frances Curtis, of Troy, New York, and they have one daughter, Ruth Curtis, 
who is an accomplished pianist. Mrs. Mcllreevy is a member of the Methodist 
church in Vancouver and is well known as an active religious worker. Mr. 
Mcllreevy is identified with the Vancouver Club and the Vancouver Athletic 
Club and takes an active and helpful part in the work of the Vancouver Board 
of Trade. The sterling traits of his character are well known to his fellow 
townsmen, many of whom are glad to number him among their friends. 



GEORGE DOUGLAS BRYMNER. 

George Douglas Brymner, one of the honored and representative citizens of 
New Westminster, is a typical man of the age, alert and enterprising, a student 
of conditions and of significant problems, and a cooperant factor in all that 
makes for the development and substantial growth of city and province. He is 
now manager here for the Bank of Montreal and as such a leading figure in finan- 
cial circles. He was born at Melbourne, in the province of Quebec, on the 3d of 
December, 1857, and is a son of Douglas Brymner, LL. D., and Jean (Thomson) 
Brymner, both of whom were natives of Greenock, Scotland, where they were 
reared and married. Two children were born there and in 1857 the family 
came to Canada, settling on a farm near Melbourne, whence in 1867 they re- 
moved to Montreal, where the father became assistant editor of the Montreal 
Herald. In '1870 he was appointed Dominion archivist and removed to Ottawa 
to take up the duties of his office, filling that position to the time of his death, 
which occurred in 1902 at the home of his son George D., in New Westminster, 
while on a visit to this city. He was then a man of seventy-nine years, but 
remained active to the time of his death. During his service as archivist he 
was honored by the Queen's University with the degree of LL. D. He was a 
man widely known and universally esteemed and honored. His broad knowl- 
edge and his public spirit brought him into contact with intelligent men through- 
out the country and among that class his warm friendships were formed. 

George D. Brymner spent his youthful days under the parental roof and 
in the acquirement of his education attended successively the Melbourne public 
school, the Montreal and Ottawa high schools and St. Therese College, in 
which he became a student in order to master the French language. His initial 
step in the business world was made in 1874 in connection with the Bank of 
Montreal. He entered the Cornwall, Ontario, branch of that institution and 
subsequently was with the Bank of Montreal in Stratford and Almonte, Ontario, 
where he served as accountant. When the branch bank in Vancouver was 
established he was sent with Campbell Sweeny to open this Pacific coast depart- 
ment. Mr. Brymner continued as accountant at Vancouver until the opening 
of the New Westminster branch in April, 1888, when he was sent to this city 
as a sub-agent of the branch here and soon afterward his capabilities won 
him recognition in advancement to the position of manager, in which capacity 
he has served continuously for a quarter of a century. The upbuilding of the 
institution is attributable to his capability, enterprise and thorough understand- 
ing of the banking business. He recognizes the fact that the institution which 
most carefully safeguards the interests of its patrons is the most worthy of 
patronage, and in following that course he has won for the Bank of Montreal 
at New Westminster a liberal and growing patronage. He is today one of 
the best known men in this section of the province and is a recognized authority 
on all financial matters and problems. 




GEORGE D. BRYMNER 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 87 

In 1881, in Stratford, Ontario, Mr. Brymner was united in marriage to 
Miss Anna Elizabeth Harrison, a daughter of the late William Dyne Harrison, 
one of the well known pioneer farmers of that section, who married Miss Lucy 
Tye, a member of one of the oldest pioneer families of Ontario. Mr. and Mrs. 
Brymner have become the parents of three children, but only one is now living, 
Ethel Dyne, the wife of F. A. Macrae, manager of the Bank of Montreal of 
North Vancouver. Mr. Brymner is prominent and popular in club and social 
circles, holding membership in the Westminster Club, the Jericho Country 
Club, the Burnaby Lake Country Club and the British Columbia Golf Club at 
Coquitlam. Notwithstanding the extent and importance of his business affairs, 
he finds time to cooperate with many measures and activities which have bear- 
ing upon the material, intellectual and moral progress 1 of the community. He 
is a member of the New Westminster Board of Trade and for some years 
served as president of the organization. He is one of the public-spirited men 
of the city, and there has not been an industrial enterprise established or any 
movement for the good of the community inaugurated in which he has not been 
a forceful factor, contributing in large measure to the work of public progress 
and improvement. He and his wife are members of the Church of England and 
in other ways he has done much to stimulate the welfare of city and surround- 
ing country. He has served as treasurer of the Royal Agricultural & Industrial 
Society since its organization in 1889, and for the same length of time has been 
a member of its board of managers. His breadth of view has recognized not 
only possibilities for his own advancement, but for the city's development, and 
his lofty patriotism has prompted him to utilize the latter as quickly and as 
efficiently as the former. He has mastered the lessons of life day by day until 
his post-graduate work in the school of experience has placed him with the 
men of sound judgment and notable ability, giving him a place of leadership in 
public thought and action. 



CHARLES H. MACAULAY. 

In public activities aside from business Charles H. Macaulay has been an 
important factor, cooperating in many movements which have been directly bene- 
ficial to Vancouver in the line of progressive upbuilding and advancement. At 
the same time he is a prominent factor in real-estate, insurance and financial 
circles as senior partner in the firm of Macaulay & Nicolls. He was born in 
Nova Scotia in December, 1868, his parents being Donald and Maria J. (Hamil- 
ton) Macaulay. The father was engaged in educational work and was the first 
teacher in the Grafton Street grammar school in Halifax. Subsequently he 
became principal of the county academy at Amherst and was for more than 
twenty years actively and prominently connected with educational work in Nova 
Scotia, where he passed away in 1887. The mother died in Vancouver in October, 
1912, while visiting her son Charles. In tracing the ancestral history of the 
family it is found that the Macaulays were among the earliest Scotch settlers, 
who came from the land of hills and heather, to found homes in Nova Scotia, 
arriving there shortly before 1800. The Hamiltons, too, were among the first 
families of Nova Scotia, the Hamiltons of Kings county being there from the 
days of Cornwallis. In the maternal line Mrs. Maria J. Macaulay was connected 
with the Marshalls, who were United Empire Loyalists from Virginia. Colonel 
Marshall fought on the British side throughout the Revolutionary war and was 
given a large tract of land in Guysborough county, Nova Scotia, in recognition of 
his allegiance to the crown. John Marshall, an uncle of Mrs. Macaulay, was 
speaker of the house at Halifax. 

In the public schools of his native province Charles H. Macaulay pursued his 
education and in 1887 came west to the mountains. He was identified with the 
Canadian Pacific Railway in various capacities during the construction of the 



88 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

western portion of that system prior to 1898, in which year he formed a partner- 
ship with J. P. Nicolls under the firm name of Macaulay & Nicolls for the 
conduct of a real-estate, insurance and brokerage business, in which they have 
since continued. Their clientage is large and each branch of their business is 
proving a profitable investment, the interests of the firm being carefully and 
systematically managed and wisely directed so that excellent results are achieved. 
In June, 1898, in Vancouver, Mr. Macaulay was united in marriage to Miss 
Ethel Jean Maclaren, a daughter of W. H. .Maclaren, a mining man of British 
Columbia, whose father was one of the pioneers in the Cariboo, having gone there 
early in the '6os and taking active part in mining and development work in that 
country. Mr. and Mrs. Macaulay have become the parents of four children, 
Donald M., Douglas H., Margaret Jean and John Alexander. The parents hold 
membership in St. John's Presbyterian church. Mrs. Macaulay is an active and 
interested member of various social clubs and societies in the city and is vice 
president of the Woman's Canadian Club. Mr. Macaulay belongs to the Western 
Gate lodge of Masonry, in which he is a past master, and he also holds member- 
ship in the Terminal City, Shaughnessy Heights Golf, Jericho Country and 
Canadian Clubs. He is likewise a member of the Board of Trade and is inter- 
ested in all projects and measures for the public welfare. He was one of the 
organizers of the Tourist Association and served as its president and one of its 
directors until 1911, when it was merged into the Progress Club, of which Mr. 
Macaulay was president until a recent date. This club, as its name indicates, has 
been a factor in exploiting the resources of Vancouver and British Columbia, 
and its work has been an important element in general improvement and upbuild- 
ing, Mr. Macaulay as president largely guiding its efforts in that direction. In 
politics he is a conservative and, although interested in the questions and issues 
of the day, has never been an active worker in political ranks. His time and 
efforts are fully occupied by his business activities, in which he is meeting with 
substantial and gratifying success, and with his public service, whereby the 
general interests are greatly augmented. 



JAMES Z. HALL. 

Among the many enterprising business men who are interested in handling 
mining and timber properties and who also conduct a loan, insurance and general 
real-estate business, is numbered James Z. Hall, of Vancouver, who dates his 
residence here from 1885, at which time the city was a village known as Gran- 
ville. He has since been an interested witness of its development and growth 
and has at all times borne his part in the \vork of general progress and improve- 
ment. He was born near Toronto, Ontario, February 12, 1863, and is a son of 
John and Isabella Hall and a grandson of James Hall, of Leeds, England, who 
was one of the pioneer settlers of Ontario. 

In the acquirement of his early education James Z. Hall attended the public 
schools of Toronto and afterward continued his studies in the grammar school 
at Niagara, Ontario. He started in the business world in connection with the 
building industry, remaining for a few months in his father's employ in Ontario. 
In the meantime, in 1882, he secured an intermediate grade B certificate from the 
Niagara grammar school, entitling him to teach and later in the same year he 
came to British Columbia with the intention of following that profession. He 
made his way to New Westminster where he found that salaries paid to teachers 
were so small that he deemed it unwise to secure a school. He therefore worked 
in the building line for three or four months and subsequently entered the em- 
ploy of T. R. Pearson & Company, of New Westminster, in the stationery 
business, continuing in that employ for about four years. In 1885 he came to 
Vancouver and opened a branch store for T. R. Pearson & Company, conducting 
the business at the time of the great fire of 1886, which destroyed the store. The 




JAMES Z. HALL 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 91 

business was shortly afterward sold to the British Columbia Stationery & Print- 
ing Company, at which time Mr. Hall took over the management of the Van- 
couver branch of the real-estate business of Major & Pearson, of New West- 
minster, who established their branch in Vancouver after the fire. His four 
years' experience in that connection proved to Mr. Hall that he might win suc- 
cess if he operated independently along the same line and in 1890 he started in 
business on his own account, handling loans, insurance, real-estate, mines and 
timber. He is today one of the oldest representatives of this field of activity 
in Vancouver and in the twenty-three years of his connection with the business 
has made continuous progress and won substantial success. In 1910 the business 
was incorporated as J. Z. Hall & Company, Ltd.. with Mr. Hall as the presi- 
dent, which office he has since filled. He is familiar with all the various phases 
of the different departments of his business, knows thoroughly the natural 
resources of the country as to mining properties and timber and has a good 
clientage in his loan, insurance and real-estate departments. 

On the ist of November, 1893, in the Church of the Redeemer at Toronto, 
Ontario, Mr. Hall wedded Miss Jessie C. Greer, a daughter of Samuel Greer, 
one of the distinguished citizens of the province of British Columbia, who for 
ten years fought the Canadian Pacific Railway for possession of his preemption 
at Greer's Beach in the city of Vancouver, the estimated value of the property 
reaching several millions, the Canadian Pacific attempting to dispossess him. 
Mr. and Mrs. Hall have become parents of four children, Libbie C., Kathleen 
Alaida, Jessie Mildred and Winnifred Myrtle. In religious faith Mr. Hall is an 
Anglican and his position upon the temperance question is indicated by his mem- 
bership in the Good Templars and the Royal Templars. His political support is 
given to the conservative party and his military experience covers service with 
the Volunteer Artillery Corps of New Westminster for three years. After re- 
moving to Vancouver he often walked to New Westminster to drill. On one trip 
he left Vancouver at 4 o'clock in the afternon and should have arrived at his 
destination at 7 P. M., but it began snowing and eighteen inches had fallen by 
the time he reached there at 9 P. M. He drilled two hours and walked back to 
Vancouver, arriving home at 4 o'clock in the morning. There are few who 
would have shown such devotion to military duty. This spirit of fidelity has 
always been characteristic of Mr. Hall, whose friends know him to be a faith- 
ful, reliable man in every relation of life, so that the highest regard is entertained 
for him bv all who know him. 



THOMAS BURGESS BALKWILL. 

For twenty years Thomas Burgess Balkwill has been a resident of Vancouver 
and his position in the business circles of the city is that of a member of the 
Simson-Balkwill Company, Ltd., in which he entered in 1909. He was born 
in London, Ontario, January 18, 1869, his parents being John and Hannah Balk- 
will, while his grandfather was William Balkwill, one of the first settlers of 
London, Ontario. Reared in the city of his nativity, Thomas B. Balkwill there 
pursued his education in the public schools and made his initial step in the busi- 
ness world at London in connection with the hardware trade, in which he 
remained for five or six years. He afterward removed to Toronto, Ontario, 
where he continued in business for two or three years. In 1893 he came to Van- 
couver and was employed for about sixteen years by the firm of Boyd, Burns & 
Company, ship chandlers and wholesale dealers in engineering supplies. He 
thoroughly acquainted himself with every phase of the trade during that period 
and gained much valuable experience and knowledge, which has been of great 
assistance to him since he started in business on his own account. The Simson- 
Balkwill Company, Ltd., was incorporated in 1909, buying out a portion of the 
business of Boyd, Burns & Company, since which time they have operated sue- 



92 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

cessfully, building up a business which is now of gratifying proportions. In 
addition Mr. Balkwill has some real-estate investments, but he devotes most of 
his time to his business, Mr. Simson being the president and managing director. 

On the 22d of June, 1903, in Vancouver, Mr. Balkwill was united in marriage 
to Miss Jennie Florence, daughter of Albert E. Blackburn, the family coming 
from Smith's Falls, Ontario. Mr. Balkwill holds membership in the Anglican 
church and with the Knights of Pythias. His influence is always on the side of 
right and progress, of justice and improvement. His activities are largely con- 
centrated upon his business affairs, which are growing rapidly and therefore are 
making greater and greater demand upon his attention. 



JOSEPH HENRY BOWMAN. 

In the fall of 1888 Joseph Henry Bowman took up his residence in Vancouver 
and from that time to the present has been an important factor in the growth 
of the city, founding a notable work of public service upon energy, public spirit 
and the ability which commands opportunity. He is today one of the foremost 
architects in the city, controlling an extensive and representative patronage, 
and his individual success is well deserved, supplementing as it does valuable 
work along public lines. He was born in London, England, January 24, 1864, 
and is a son of William B. and Margaret (Pearson) Bowman, the former a 
master builder, w T ho followed that occupation in London until his death in 1895. 
He was a native of Cumberland county and descended from a long line of sea- 
faring people. He married Margaret Pearson, a daughter of William Pearson, 
a sea captain of Whitehaven, Cumberland county. 

Joseph H. Bowman acquired his early education at the Sir Walter Singen 
school, a religious institution on High street, Battersea, London. This was 
later supplemented by an architectural course in the department of science and 
art of the South Kensington Museum. His first employment was as draughts- 
man for William Rendell, designer, with whom he remained for two years 
thereafter, entering his father's employ at the end of that time. He remained 
active in the building construction business until the early part of the year 1888, 
when he removed to Canada, where for a short time he was in the employ of 
the Canadian Pacific Railway Company on construction work in the mountains. 
When he resigned this position he went to Donald, British Columbia, and was there 
active in general construction work until September, 1888, when he came to 
Vancouver. He found a little village on the site of the present flourishing city 
but he recognized a true opportunity and located permanently here, where he 
has since remained an honored and respected resident. At this time he had few 
assets beyond his ability in his profession and his unwavering determination, but 
with characteristic energy he applied himself to any work he could find to do, 
being variously employed until 1897, when he became connected with the British 
Columbia Mills, Timber & Trading Company as draughtsman. He remained 
with this concern for eleven years, rising to the position of head draughtsman 
and evidencing at this time an unusual ability in his profession and knowledge of 
its details, upon which his present success is founded. In 1908 he entered into 
business for himself and the years since that time have brought him substantial 
success and prominence in his chosen line of work, he being today recognized as 
one of the foremost architects in Vancouver. He makes a specialty of school 
architecture and has designed and superintended the construction of many of the 
larger schools in Vancouver and vicinity, notably those in South Vancouver. 
He controls a large and important patronage, for his ability is widely known and 
respected, his buildings being always adequate and convenient, while showing 
rare beauty of design and artistic workmanship. 

On the I4th of November, 1892, in Vancouver, Mr. Bowman was united in 
marriage to Miss Gertrude Mann, a daughter of J. W. Mann, and they have 




JOSEPH H. BOWMAN 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 95 

become the parents of seven children, Ethel, Dorothy, Phyllis, Evelyn, Sidney, 
Irene and Margery. Mr. Bowman is a member of the British Columbia Society 
of Architects and belongs to the Church of England, acting at present as warden 
of the St. John's church, Central Park. He has been for twenty-five years a 
resident of Vancouver and for the greater portion of this time he has lived in 
what is known as Central Park. When he located here on seven acres of land 
which he purchased from the government he found it a veritable wilderness 
and he has watched it grow into one of the most attractive suburbs of Vancouver, 
a worthy addition to that thriving and beautiful city. Mr. Bowman has always 
taken a prominent part in public affairs of South Vancouver, being a member 
of one of the first school boards soon after the formation of this municipality, 
and has been one of the greatest individual factors in its growth, the influence 
of his work and personality being felt as a strong force along many lines. His 
present position among the men of marked ability and substantial worth in this 
community has been achieved through earnest and well directed labor, for he 
has steadily worked his way upward to success and prominence, the structure of 
his life standing upon the firm foundation of honor, integrity and upright 
dealing. 



NINIAN H. BAIN. 

No man in the province of British Columbia is more justly entitled to the 
proud name of self-made man than Ninian H. Bain, who rose from a humble 
position to the important office of managing director of the Strathcona Packing 
Company, Limited, of Vancouver, and as such occupied not only a foremost 
place in his particular industry but was a leading representative of the commer- 
cial life of his city and province. He retired from his arduous duties in the fall 
of 1911, and is now enjoying a well earned rest after a life rich in achievements. 
Mr. Bain was born in Chatham, New Brunswick, on January 14, 1854, and is a 
son of Hugh and Ann Bain. His home training was admirable, and in his youth- 
ful consciousness were early instilled the old-fashioned virtues of industry and 
energy, which have ever been his standard and have guided him to success. In 
the acquirement of his education he attended the Presbyterian Academy at 
Chatham, and after working in his native city for several years along various 
lines he came in 1879 to British Columbia, beginning his career in the humble 
position of laboring man with the Ewen Company. Ambitious to rise in the 
world and to improve his condition, he employed most of his spare time in study- 
ing and had soon progressed to such an extent that he was enabled to accept the 
position of bookkeeper with the firm of Laidlaw & Company. In that connection 
he ably performed his duties and earned high commendation from his employers. 
His first connection with the packing industry was in the employ of the Pacific 
Coast Company, with whom he remained for a considerable time, gradually 
acquiring a stockholder's interest. Steadily advancing and climbing the ladder of 
success rung by rung, he became manager of the British Columbia Packers Asso- 
ciation when this company bought out the Pacific Coast Company, and remained 
in that office for four years. He then organized the Strathcona Packing Company 
on the north coast of British Columbia, and becoming its managing director, 
continued so until the fall of 1911, when he sold his entire interests to the Wallace 
Fisheries Company. In building up and extending the scope of the business of 
the Strathcona Packing Company he had been most instrumental, this concern 
being principally engaged in the canning of salmon, and in that connection he did 
much to promote this important industry. His successful management of his 
affairs enabled him to retire in the fall of 1911 and, looking back upon a life rich 
in labor but also rich in success, he occupies an- honored position among the sub- 
stantial men of his city. 



96 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

In 1888 Ninian H. Bain was united in marriage to Miss Ida Ladner, a 
daughter of William Ladner, and who has since passed away. In 1899 he married 
Mary Johnston Main, of New Brunswick. Mr. Bain is the father of two 
daughters: Rhona, born of his first marriage, who is the wife of George R. 
McQueen, a well known barrister of Vancouver ; and Jenette Bernette, who was 
born of his second union and makes her home with her parents. The family 
residence is at No. 1305 Barclay street and there Mr. and Mrs ; Bain frequently 
entertain a charming circle of friends. His recreation consists largely of travel- 
ing and shooting, along which lines he finds that needed diversion which main- 
tains a healthy mind in a healthy body. He is a member of the Terminal City 
Club, in which he is popular and highly esteemed. Mr. Bain has ever taken an 
active and helpful part in all worthy enterprises promoted to advance the public 
interests and can ever be found in the front ranks of those who willingly enlist 
their ability, time and money in order to further commercial expansion and the 
betterment of moral and intellectual life. 



CHARLES EDWIN CLIFF. 

Charles Edwin Cliff, one of the wealthy and leading citizens of New West- 
minster, has lived practically retired for more than a year, now giving his atten- 
tion almost wholly to the management of his financial interests. During a long 
and active business career he has overcome obstacles and adversity which would 
have discouraged many a man of less resolute purpose, and his energy and 
perseverance have won their just reward. He was the founder of the firm of 
Cliff & Sons, well known can manufacturers. His birth occurred in Kingston, 
Ontario, on the 28th of May, 1854, his parents being George and Charlotte 
(Pearson) Cliff, the former a native of Nottinghamshire and the latter of Sussex, 
England. They came to Canada with their respective parents in young man- 
hood and young womanhood. George Cliff, the paternal grandfather of our 
subject, settled in Montreal, while the maternal grandfather, Allen Pearson, 
took up his abode in Kingston, Ontario. The former was a surveyor as well 
as an architect, and he it was who surveyed the macadamized York road from 
Kingston to Toronto. The cut stone mileposts which he set along the boulevard 
are still standing and will probably remain for many more years. 

George Cliff, Jr., served a seven years' apprenticeship at architectural draw- 
ing and surveying under the direction of his father, and in association with 
him built the city hall and many of the most important buildings of Montreal 
and Kingston at that time. He subsequently removed to Napanee and became 
a prominent factor in building circles there, his demise occurring in that city 
in 1898, Avhen he had attained the ripe old age of eighty-four years. His wife 
passed away when about fifty years of age. George Cliff, Jr., cast the deciding 
vote which first put Sir John A. MacDonald into power. The vote was then 
an open one and could be counted at any time during the voting. A few minutes 
before the closing of the polls, one of MacDonald's friends rushed to the shop 
of Mr. Cliff, telling him that all the votes were in except those of himself and 
his workmen, and as MacDonald was one vote behind, he would be defeated 
unless Mr. Cliff and his workmen cast their votes for him. The messenger was 
told that the workman favored the opposition, but he urged Mr. Cliff to use his 
influence with him. and thus MacDonald won the election. 

Charles E. Cliff, whose name introduces this review, was reared under the 
parental roof and attended the public schools of Napanee in the acquirement of 
an education. In his seventeenth year he was bound out to a Napanee tinsmith 
for n fiv vears' apprenticeship, serving the first year for one hundred dollars, 
the second year for one hundred and ten dollars, the third year for one hundred 
and twenty dollars and the fourth and fifth years for one hundred qnd thirtv and 
one hundred and fifty dollars, respectively. The remuneration did not include 




CHARLES E. CLIFF 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 99 

board, and his father gave bond that he would not break the terms of the agree- 
ment. After completing his apprenticeship he drew a salary of one dollar and 
twenty-five cents for a ten-hour day, and in 1876 was married at St. Marys 
and established a home on this meager income. For about five years he worked 
as a journeyman at St. Marys and later embarked in business on his own account. 
Subsequently he spent about nine months in Chicago and thence went to Bath, 
Ontario, where he established himself in business. In 1888 he came to New West- 
minster, British Columbia, making his way to this province at the request of 
James Cunningham, the hardware merchant, in whose service he remained for a 
year. On the expiration of that period he went to Nanaimo, there working as a 
journeyman for one year and then returning to New Westminster. Here he 
embarked in business with two partners under the firm style of Corbett & Cliff. 
Being dissatisfied with the management of his partners, however, he signed away 
his interest for his release from the concern and was at that time two hundred 
dollars in debt. Mr. Cliff then started in business alone, but disposed of his inter- 
ests shortly prior to the Westminster fire of 1898, which wiped out his estab- 
lishment, and he never received a cent in payment therefor. Nevertheless, though 
disaster had now twice overtaken him, he started out anew with undaunted spirit, 
and, cleaning out his chicken house, began making butter cans for the New 
Westminster creamery. After the cans were made he would go to the factory 
and seal them when they were filled, receiving fifty cents an hour for this work. 
From this small beginning evolved the extensive can plant of Cliff & Sons in East 
Burnaby, which now has a capacity of from two hundred and fifty thousand 
to three hundred thousand cans daily. In February, 1912, Mr. Cliff retired from 
the active control of the concern, at that time turning the business over to his two 
sons, who have since disposed of the business to the American Can Company. 
He is a director of the Industrial Properties Company, Limited, and now devotes 
his attention almost exclusively to the management of his financial interests. 

In 1876 Mr. Cliff was joined in wedlock to Miss Mary Edgeley Bickell, of 
St. Marys, Ontario, her father being Thomas Bickell, who for many years was 
a merchant in Quebec and subsequently became a commercial salesman. In 
his political views Mr. Cliff is a conservative, and for about seven years he 
served as councilman in East Burnaby. His religious faith is indicated by his 
membership in Queens Avenue Methodist church, to which his wife also belongs. 
The period of his residence in British Columbia covers more than a quarter of 
a century, and by his own efforts he has gained a place among the leading and 
representative citizens of the province. His record should serve to encourage 
and inspire others, showing what may be accomplished when one has the will 
to dare and to do. 



ADAM SMITH JOHNSTON. 

Adam Smith Johnston, barrister and solicitor of New Westminster, has an 
extensive practice which makes continuous demands upon his time. He is one 
of the younger members of the bar, but has already gained a practice that many 
an older representative of the profession might well envy. He was born in 
Huron county, Ontario, on the 5th of April, 1888, and is a son of John and 
Margaret J. Johnston. His education was acquired in the schools of Toronto and 
New Westminster, for he came to British Columbia in 1902, when a youth of 
fourteen years. Determining to make the practice of law his life work, he began 
reading in the office and under the direction of Howay, Reid & Bowes, while 
later he was with Anson, Whealler, McBride & Kennedy. He afterward read 
with the Hon. W. Norman Boles, K. C., and was called to the British Columbia 
bar in 1910. He was admitted as a partner to the firm of Whiteside, Edmonds 
& Johnston in 1911, practicing in that connection until 1912, since which time he 
has followed his profession independently and has gained an extensive clientele, 

Vol. Ill 4 



100 

being today recognized as one of the leading barristers as well as one of the 
leading younger members of the Westminster bar. Along with those qualities 
indispensable to the successful practitioner, a keen, rapid, logical mind, plus the 
business sense, and a ready capacity for hard work, he brought to the starting 
point of his legal career certain rare gifts eloquence of language and a strong 
personality. An excellent presence, marked strength of character, a thorough 
grasp of the law and the ability to accurately apply its principles are factors in 
his effectiveness as an advocate. 

Mr. Johnston is a conservative in politics but not a prominent party worker. 
He belongs to the Anglican church and his recreations are exploring and shooting, 
in which he indulges when his professional duties afford him leisure. 



THOMAS JOHN TRAPP. 

The life record of Thomas John Trapp rivals in interest and romantic adven- 
ture any story from Jack London's pen, for he was closely connected with the 
pioneer history of the Canadian northwest, participating in struggles and hard- 
ships unknown to the present generation, passing through Indian outbreaks, and 
enduring privations and even hunger. He has become today one of the foremost 
merchants of New Westminster as the principal owner and the founder of the 
firm of T. J. Trapp & Company, Ltd., and a dominant factor in the business life 
of the city. His is, indeed, a remarkable record, for he took the step from day 
laborer to one of the most substantial men of a flourishing city, breasting all ob- 
stacles until he has reached the top. The man who became this dominant factor 
in the development of British Columbia was born in Waltham Abbey, in the county 
of Essex, England, on June 4, 1842, a son of Thomas Trapp, who was a forest 
ranger for Sir Heribwald Wake and surveyor for the town of Waltham Abbey. 
In his religious convictions the father was a Baptist. He died in his sixty-seventh 
year and subsequently his widow, Elizabeth (Guy) Trapp, came to British Co- 
lumbia, making New Westminster her home until the time of her demise, her 
death occurring at the age of seventy-seven years. 

Thomas J. Trapp was reared and educated in his native town and began his 
career as a clerk in a grocery store, becoming subsequently a commercial salesman 
for a wholesale manufacturing house in London. In 1872 he came to Canada, 
locating in St. Thomas, Ontario, beginning life in the new world at the bottom of 
the ladder. He began as day laborer, with pick and shovel, in the construction of 
the Canada Southern Railroad, and also worked in a general store in Buckston, 
Kent county, Ontario. His clear judgment, however, pointed to the west as the 
land of opportunities and on April 23, 1873, he arrived in Victoria and soon 
thereafter came to New Westminster. He packed his blankets over the trail to 
Burrard Inlet and then to Hastings Sawmill. After spending two weeks without 
securing employment he found a position at loading a ship with spars,- receiving 
three dollars per day and bunking with the sailors. After this task was com- 
pleted he again returned to New Westminster and later to Victoria. He was 
subsequently employed at Spring Ridge at digging a ditch and cutting cordwood 
at a dollar and twenty-five cents per cord for dry wood and one dollar for green 
wood. While there he walked to church and Sunday school every Sunday, the 
distance being nine miles, this little incident permitting a glimpse of the true 
Christian spirit that permeates his being. Later on he was employed in the dry- 
goods store of A. B. Gray, receiving as compensation forty dollars per month, 
which, however, soon was raised to seventy-five dollars. In the spring of 1874 
he joined the rush to the Cassiar gold fields, but not meeting the desired success, 
he returned and engaged in the stock business at Nicola and at Kamloops. While 
there he was employed to take charge of a pack train with supplies for the sur- 
veyors engaged in locating the route of the Canadian Pacific, who were then on 
Yellowhead Pass. Arriving at the Athabasca depot, he found that the surveying 




THOMAS J. TRAPP 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 103 

party had left for the east, letters of instructions being left on the eastern slopes. 
The Athabasca depot was established by the Moberly party. The supplies were 
then stored at this point and the cattle and horses taken on to the Bow river, 
where they were wintered. At the Hardesty river H. A. F. McLeod, who had 
charge of the eastern division, was met and made arrangements with Mr. Trapp 
to take charge of the Athabasca depot with the supplies. Mr. Trapp then re- 
turned with Michael O'Keefe to that point, where they remained until the follow- 
ing September or nearly a year. During the winter the Indians and half-breeds 
ran short of ammunition and starvation was threatened among them as a conse- 
quence, so Mr. Trapp volunteered to cross the mountains, one hundred miles to 
the nearest supply station, the Tete Juane Cache, and bring back the needed am- 
munition. He began his perilous journey on January 2, 1876, with two half-breeds 
and two dogs, the snow being six feet deep and the cold and hardships encountered 
almost beyond endurance of man. When within twenty miles of their destination 
the snow was softened by a thaw to such an extent that traveling became practi- 
cally impossible and they were forced to camp, death staring them in the face. 
They were in a most precarious position and for part of the day and during all 
the night the two half-breeds prayed for colder weather and set up as a pro- 
pitiatory sacrifice two rabbits fashioned out of the softening snow. Mr. Trapp 
does not claim that these rites had anything to do with the result, but colder 
weather returned the next morning and with it they traveled on the top of the 
frozen snow, finally arriving at the Tete Juane Cache at eight o'clock in the even- 
ing. There they secured their supply of ammunition, passing several days at the 
cache in order to recuperate and then began the return journey, which was suc- 
cessfully accomplished. Mr. Trapp remained at Athabasca depot until September, 
when Marcus Smith, a civil engineer, and party arrived and he returned to Kam- 
loops. In the winter of 1879. the Indian outbreaks occurred in which the sheriff, 
John Usher, and a sheep herder by the name oi Kelly were killed and John 
McLeod was wounded. The Indians tcirorized the entire countryside and also 
came to Mr. Trapp's place, but while they ransacked his cabin and took his fire- 
arms, they left him unharmed, although Kelly was killed but two and a half 
miles further along the road. The Indians were surrounded and captured at 
Douglas lake and subsequently four of them were hanged. Mr. Trapp being called 
as witness against them. During this winter he lost most of his live stock on 
account of the severity of the weather and this decided him to give up ranching 
and to engage in business in New Westminster. 

The style of the firm with which he became connected was R. W. Dean & Com- 
pany on its organization, Mr. Trapp and his brother Samuel constituting the com- 
pany. Later the Trapp brothers bought out the interests of the others and 
conducted successfully a general mercantile business for several years, which, how- 
ever, gradually developed into the present wholesale and retail hardware firm of 
T. J. Trapp & Company, one of the most important business corporations in New 
Westminster. In 1912-13 Mr. Trapp built one of the handsomest and most sub- 
stantial business structures in this city to house his extensive enterprise, which will 
stand for many years as a monument to his ability and his incessant efforts and 
energy. The influence of his activities upon the commercial expansion of New 
Westminster needs no further illustration, as it is evidenced by the foremost posi- 
tion his business occupies among the commercial institutions of British Columbia. 
He was one of twelve men who built the New Westminster Southern Railroad, of 
which he has been secretary since its inception. The corporation never received 
a dollar from the government and is the only road ever built in the Dominion 
without a subsidy. It is now a part of the Great Northern system. He has like- 
wise been president of the Westminster Trust since its organization, became sec- 
retary of the Board of Trade at its inception and for three years was its president. 
He was likewise one of the committee of three that established the city market at 
New Westminster. 

In 1886 Mr. Trapp was united in marriage to Miss Nellie K. Dockrill, a native 
of Canada and a daughter of Joseph Dockrill. To this union were born eight 



104 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

children : Edith Kathleen, Thomas Dockrill; Stanley Valentine, Ethelyn, Juanita, 
George, Donovan and Dorothy. The family are devoted members of the Presby- 
terian church, taking an active and helpful part in the work of that organization, 
to which Mr. Trapp gives his material and moral support. He is also interested 
in other activities looking to the uplifting of the community, is president of the 
Young Men's Christian Association and gave the lot on which the association 
building was erected. 

For the past twenty-three years Mr. Trapp has been an active member of the 
Royal Agricultural & Industrial Society of British Columbia, being president of 
the board for twenty years. On retiring from the presidency Mr. Trapp was 
presented with the following address : "We, the officers and executive of the 
Royal Agricultural Society cannot permit the occasion of your retirement from 
the presidency to pass without expressing our sincere regret that the burden of 
years together with the claims of other interests make you feel the necessity of 
retiring from that position. During the twenty years you have been president, 
there have been great changes in the agricultural, industrial and commercial life 
of the province. Our city has greatly increased its population and importance, 
and our society has thrown off its swaddling clothes of infancy and now occupies 
a place among the foremost of such institutions on this continent. In this de- 
velopment both in the society, the city and the province you have been a most 
important factor. The strong, firm hand with which you have guided its affairs, 
your executive gifts, your advocacy of progressive motive, your willingness to 
sacrifice personal interests for the general welfare, have placed the society in 
the enviable position it occupies today. Your business ability, integrity and zeal 
together with your public spirit and unselfish devotion to the best interests of the 
city have materially aided in its advancement and your constant advocacy and 
efforts to secure good roads, improved stock, better methods of land cultivation 
and good seeds have done much' in the development of the agricultural life of this 
province. Few have filled so commanding a position for so many years with so 
much credit to themselves and so much satisfaction to those associated with them. 
We have admired the sterling qualities of your manhood a sturdy sample of 
the men of the west your genial spirit and gentlemanly bearing that has made 
all of our work with you so pleasant and the perfect abandon with which you 
gave yourself to every enterprise with which you were connected. We congratu- 
late you on the splendid work well done, the large place it is still your good for- 
tune to fill in the industrial and commercial life of our city and the honorable 
place you hold in the esteem and affection of your fellow citizens. We ask you 
to accept this embossed address and combination traveling bag as a slight token of 
our appreciation and good-will coupled with the earnest hope that you and Mrs. 
Trapp, who has nobly assisted you in your work, may have every enjoyment 
that life affords and that, though retiring from the presidency, we may continue 
to have the benefit of your experience and counsel." In all the public offices 
which he has filled Mr. Trapp has never received a dollar for his services save as 
secretary of the New Westminster Southern Railroad. He is actuated in all that 
he does by a public-spirited devotion to the general good and his labors have been 
far-reaching and beneficial in effect. 

Fraternally Mr. Trapp is affiliated with the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men and the Woodmen of the World. A business man of the modern type, 
shrewd, able, progressive and straightforward, careful of his own interests and 
considerate of those of others, he has been influenced at all times by the thought 
of the broader effect which his work has upon the growth of his community and 
has always taken laudable interest in all worthy projects undertaken for the cause 
of advancement. The history of his career is a tale which in its struggles and its 
final accomplishments should serve as a spur and inspiration to those who follow 
him. The lesson does not lie in the fact that he has built up one of the most 
promising business enterprises in the city or that he has become wealthy, for it 
is not his tangible attainments which inspire, although they are important, but 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 105 

the fact that against obstacles and adversity he has struggled to success, develop- 
ing those qualities which have made that success possible and which excite the 
admiration of all who know him. 



JOHN ALEXANDER MONTGOMERY. 

John Alexander Montgomery, whose residence in New Westminster dates 
from 1887, is today one of the best known and most highly respected men of the 
city, each year having chronicled an increase in his prosperity and his additional 
security in the esteem and confidence of his fellow citizens. He was born in 
Drummond county, Quebec, and is a son of James and Jane (Bothwell) Mont- 
gomery, pioneers in that province, where the father engaged in farming. 

John A. Montgomery acquired his education in the country schools of his 
native community, and after laying aside his books was obliged on account of 
conditions at home to earn his own livelihood. In choosing an occupation he 
took up that for which he was best fitted by early training and environment, 
turning his attention to general farming. For a time he assisted his father with 
the work of the homestead, afterwards becoming connected with railroading 
and following this by a period of activity in the mines. Seeking broader scope 
for his labors and better opportunities, he came to British Columbia in 1887 and, 
recognizing immediately the splendid future of New Westminster, took up his 
residence here. He invested heavily in land, and during the twenty-six years of 
his residence here, has continually added to his holdings until he is today one of 
the most extensive owners of valuable real estate in the city. All of his business 
interests are carefully and progressively conducted and his success rewards many 
years of well directed and honorable labor. 

Mr. Montgomery married November 7, 1906, Mrs. Fannie Huff of New 
Westminster and they have two children: Jane Alexandra and Joyce Evelyn. 
The family residence is at 403 Third avenue, and is one of the most beautiful 
and attractive homes in the city. A life of straightforward and honorable 
activity, directed by sound intelligence and discriminating judgment, has gained 
for Mr. Montgomery a high place in the respect of his fellow citizens. He is a 
member of St. Stephen's Presbyterian church and politically is identified with the 
conservative party. He is interested in public affairs and has done much to 
promote the welfare of the community, especially by his able service as a member 
of the hospital board. No man is more justly honored in New Westminster, 
where for more than a quarter of a century his labors have been a force in 
development. 



EWING BUCHAN. 

Ewing Buchan is manager of the Bank of Hamilton at Vancouver, and as 
such is in touch with the multitudinous duties and details connected with banking. 
He has ever recognized the fact that the bank which most carefully safeguards 
the interests of its depositors is the one most worthy of trust, and in shaping 
the policy of the Vancouver branch he has tempered progressiveness with a 
wise conservatism. A native of Toronto, Mr. Buchan was born in August, 1852, 
a son of David and Jane (Griffith) Buchan. the former a native of Glasgow, 
Scotland, and the latter of Chester, England. For many years the father was 
bursar of Upper Canada College and, reared in an atmosphere where intellectual 
worth is duly appraised, Ewing Buchan was accorded liberal opportunities for 
attending school. He mastered the preliminary branches of learning in the 
grammar schools of Paris, Ontario, and then entered the Upper Canada Col- 
lege at Toronto. When his text-books were laid aside he accepted a clerical 



106 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

position in the Canadian Bank of Commerce, which institution he served as a 
clerk in various towns in Ontario for four years. He next engaged in the 
stock-brokerage business with his brother, the late General Lawrence Buchan, 
in Toronto under the firm name of Buchan Brothers, and continued in that busi- 
ness until 1880, when his brother went to Brandon, Manitoba, after which Ewing 
Buchan conducted the brokerage business in connection with C. S. Gzowski under 
the firm name of Gzowski & Buchan. This partnership was maintained until 
November, 1888, when the firm was dissolved and Mr. Buchan entered into 
business relations with the Bank of Hamilton at Toronto. During this time 
Mr. Buchan compiled and published Buchan's Sterling Exchange Conversion 
Tables, which are still largely in use in Canada and the United States. For ten 
years he was manager of the Bank of Hamilton at Owen Sound, Ontario. The 
spring of 1904 witnessed his arrival in Vancouver, whither he came to become 
manager of this branch, since which time he has held that office. In the present 
year he is chairman of the Vancouver Clearing House and is a promnient factor 
in financial circles, his ability, trustworthiness and enterprise winning for him 
the good-will and confidence of all. He was in 1910 chairman of Vancouver 
Board of Trade and in 1911 president of the Canadian Club. 

Mr. Buchan married, in Toronto, in 1880, Miss Emma M. King, daughter of 
the late Rev. Joseph D. King, of Toronto. They became the parents of four chil- 
dren, the eldest of whom is Percy Halcro, assistant engineer for the British Colum- 
bia Electric Railway Company of Vancouver. Mr. Buchan is a member of the 
Vancouver Club and the Terminal City Club. His military experience covers 
service as a private in the Queen's Own Rifles in Toronto during the period of his 
early manhood. He was one of the first captains of the Toronto Bicycle Club and 
one of the first officers in the Toronto Canoe Club, being always active in athletics 
and manly sports during his residence in the east. Mr. Buchan has also achieved re- 
nown as an author, having brought forth on different occasions valuable articles 
on various subjects. His sterling traits of character are many, his business ability 
is pronounced and the record which he has made throughout the entire period of 
his residence in Vancouver has endeared him to his fellow citizens, who regard 
him as one of the representative financiers of the northwest. 



JOHN WALTER MACFARLANE. 

John Walter Macfarlane, who has been successfully identified with the 
lumber business at Vancouver for the past eight years, has large timber holdings 
both on the mainland and the island and is engaged in buying, selling and sur- 
veying all kinds of timber land. His birth occurred in Renfrew, Ontario, in 
February, 1863, his parents being Duncan and Mary (McNabb) Macfarlane, 
the former a native of Scotland and the latter of Ontario. Both have passed 
away. Duncan Macfarlane came to Ontario from 'Scotland, settling in Renfrew 
county, in the spring of 1825, under the late Chief McNabb. There the remain- 
der of his life was spent. He was a prominent lumberman in Ontario for many 
years and manufactured the first lumber that was ever shipped from Canada to 
the Liverpool market. 

John W. Macfarlane obtained his education in the graded and high schools 
of his native town and subsequently learned the lumber business under the 
direction of his father, cruising and operating along that line in Ontario until 
1905. In that year he came to Vancouver, British Columbia, and embarked in 
the lumber business here, having since accumulated extensive timber holdings 
on both the mainland and the island. He is engaged in buying, selling and sur- 
veying all kinds of timber land and does much purchasing for investors, having 
many clients in the States, Eastern Canada and London. Mr. Macfarlane is 
likewise the president of the Western Steam & Oil Plant Company, Limited, a 
concern organized here in 1910 for the purpose of selling and installing oil 




JOHN W. MACFARLAXE 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 109 

burning plants for power and heating purposes. The company has been very 
successful, having placed plants in many new and modern office and apartment 
buildings. 

On the 3Oth of July, 1905, at North Bay, Ontario, Mr. Macfarlane was united 
in marriage to Miss Edith Macfarlane, of Niagara Falls, Ontario. They now 
have two children, Anna Lorna and Robert Walter. Fraternally Mr. Macfarlane 
has been identified with the Masons for more than twenty years, being now a 
member of Western Gate Lodge, A. F. & A. M. He was a charter member 
of Sturgeon Falls Lodge, No. 447. His religious faith is indicated by his mem- 
bership in St. John's Presbyterian church. Attractive social qualities render 
him popular and he has an extensive circle of warm friends in Vancouver. 



MURWIN RICHARD WORTH. 

Yet a young man, Murwin Richard Worth has already made his mark in 
commercial life, being the sole owner of the Western Oil & Supply Company, 
one of the important business enterprises of Vancouver. A native of Ontario, he 
was born at Hampton, in the township of Darlington, Durham county, June 9, 
1880, a son of Richard and Mary Jane Worth, the former of whom for many 
years engaged in the hardware business at Bowmanville, Ontario. 

Murwin Richard Worth acquired a public-school education in his native 
province, spending subsequently six years in the hardware establishment of his 
father. In the spring of 1900 he came to Vancouver, being for about a year and 
a half employed by McClellan, McFeely & Company, wholesale hardware mer- 
chants. The next two years were passed in the employ of the Cunningham 
Hardware Company as traveling salesman, distributing their goods throughout 
the entire province of British Columbia. Having gained valuable experience 
in the retail and wholesale end of the business and the manufacture as well as 
disposal of the goods, he felt assured of success, and in 1904 started out in a 
similar line under the name of the Western Oil & Supply Company, of which he is 
sole proprietor. Since its inception the business has flourished in a remarkable 
way, its trade expanding from year to year and its profits growing in proportion. 

Aside from his business interests Mr. Worth has some realty investments. 
Fraternally he is a member of King Solomon Lodge, A. F. & A. M., of New 
Westminster, and N. Clark Wallace Lodge,, Loyal Order of Orange, of Van- 
couver. His club relations are with the Terminal City and Rotary Clubs of this 
city. A young man of aggressive spirit, thoroughly modern in his ideas and, 
actuated by ambition to succeed, he has already established himself as an 
important member of the commercial fraternity of Vancouver, and there exists 
no speculation as to his future success. He is interested in all that concerns his 
adopted city and can ever be found in the ranks of those who have at heart the 
commercial expansion of the city and its moral and intellectual upbuilding. What 
he has achieved is commendable and his career is proof of the fact that close 
application and high ambition, supported by industry and energy, eventually reach 
the goal. 



WILLIAM HENRY LEMBKE. 

William Henry Lembke is the managing director of the Lembke Investment 
Company, Ltd. He has occupied this position since its inception in 1912, and in 
shaping the policy of the company has greatly furthered its interests. He was 
born March 22, 1869, in Grey county, Ontario, a son of William and Margaret 
Lembke. The family name indicates their German origin. In the public schools 
of his native place William Henry Lembke pursued his education and later 



110 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

devoted some time to farming, but turned from agricultural to industrial pursuits 
when twenty years of age, going into the building trade. After four years 
spent in the employ of others he embarked in the contracting and building 
business on his own account, but thinking to find broader and better opportunities 
on the Pacific coast he left the east in 1897 and made his way to British Columbia. 
After his arrival in this section of the country he followed the contracting and 
building business in Revelstoke and in Rossland for two years. In 1899 he 
arrived in Vancouver, where he again became connected with building interests 
as a contractor, thus contributing to the improvement and development of the 
city until 1905. His work has since been equally effective in promoting Van- 
couver's interests, for in the intervening period of eight years he has engaged in 
the real-estate, insurance and loan business. In 1912 the Lembke Investment 
Company, Ltd., was formed, of which he was the promoter. His long previous 
experience as a contractor and builder made him largely acquainted with property 
interests and values in Vancouver and served as the foundation upon which he 
has builded his later success as a real-estate dealer. He has now secured a good 
clientage in that department and in insurance and loan circles, and his business 
is reaching broadening and substantial proportions, bringing to him satisfactory 
financial returns. 

On the 3d of September, 1906, in Seattle, Washington, Mr. Lembke was 
married to Mrs. Mary Ellen Hurst, nee Senior, a daughter of John and Elizabeth 
Senior, representatives of an old family in Manchester, England. Mr. Lembke 
has a step-son, Ewart Macleod Hurst. Mr. Lembke's religious faith is that of the 
Lutheran church. His fraternal relations are with Vancouver Lodge, I. O. O. F. 
In politics he is a conservative and is now a councilor of the municipality of 
Point Grey, British Columbia. He takes an active interest in all measures and 
movements pertaining to the general welfare, and along business lines and in 
citizenship has contributed to the work of upbuilding and improvement. 



NELS NELSON. 

Nels Nelson, proprietor of the Westminster Brewery, of New Westminster, 
is justly ranked with the successful business men who owe their prosperity to 
enterprise, keen business discernment, determined effort and indefatigable industry. 
He was born in Denmark on the nth of August, 1863, and was reared in his 
native country, the common schools affording him his educational privileges. 
When fourteen years of age he went to sea and through the succeeding four 
years followed a seafaring life. In 1881 he had become an able seaman on board 
of a German vessel which sailed from Hamburg to Baltimore and thence around 
the Horn to the west coast of Mexico, and from that point on to Victoria, at 
which place Mr. Nelson left the ship, having determined to try his fortune in 
British Columbia. Through the succeeding four years he was employed in the 
old Victoria brewery, in which he learned the science of brewing beer, becoming 
familiar with every process and gaining notable skill in that connection. He 
afterward went to Nanaimo, where he spent a few months in a brewery, and in 
1886 came to New Westminster, where he entered the old City Brewery as 
brewmaster, in which capacity he served for nine years. In 1895 he purchased 
the Westminster Brewery and a year later bought the old City Brewery, in 
which he had spent almost a decade as brewmaster. After the purchase of the 
latter plant the two were merged into one under the name of the Westminster 
Brewery. Still extending his business, Mr. Nelson, in 1897, purchased his plant in 
Brunette and has since conducted business there. His interests are now extensive 
and of an important character. The product of his brewery is shipped widely over 
the northwest, the excellence of its product being acknowledged by all who are 
competent judges in that regard. His trade having assumed extensive proportions, 







NELS NELSON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 113 

the business is a very profitable ' one and Mr. Nelson well deserves the success 
which has come to him. 

In 1889 Mr. Nelson was united in marriage to Miss Annette Sorenson, a 
native of Denmark, and by this marriage six children have been born, of whom 
five are yet living: Lena C, at home; Lawry, an engineer, of New Westminster; 
Edna C., Violet A. and Frieda, all at home. 

In politics Mr. Nelson is a conservative and in political questions and activities 
takes a deep and helpful interest, being now president of the Conservative Asso- 
ciation of New Westminster. He is well informed on all questions and issues of 
the day and his position is that of a progressive citizen who has the welfare of 
city, province and country at heart. 

Mr. Nelson belongs to King Solomon Lodge, No. 17, A. F. & A. M., of which 
he is a past master. He is also a member of Westminster Chapter, No. 124, 
R. A. M., in which he is a past principal. He likewise belongs to Westminster 
Commandery, No. 56, K. T., to Gizeh Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., of Victoria. 
Aside from Masonry he has membership in Royal Lodge, No. 6, K. P., and was 
one of its founders in 1886. He is a member of the Westminster Progressive 
Association and of the Board of Trade, and heartily cooperates in all movements 
and measures put forth by those organizations for the benefit and upbuilding of 
the city in which he makes his home. He is public-spirited in all that he does 
and his labors have been an effective force for public progress. He is vice 
president of the Royal Agricultural and Industrial Society of New Westminster, 
and he takes a deep interest in agricultural affairs, owning a farm of three 
hundred acres on Lulu island, which he operated for five years himself, during 
which period he brought the place under a high state of productiveness. The 
Nelson family are members of the Church of England and Mr. Nelson is a 
most generous man. No good work done in the name of charity or religion seeks 
his aid in vain, and yet there is no man more unostentatious in his giving. The 
poor and needy ever find in him a friend, and there are many occasions on which 
not even the recipient knows the identity of his benefactor until he accidentally 
discovers it. Mr. Nelson finds his recreation largely in lacrosse and has served 
as president of the British Columbia Lacrosse Association and of the New 
Westminster Lacrosse Association while the teams were in the amateur class. 
He is now building one of the finest homes in New Westminster and is most 
devoted to his family, doing everything in his power to promote their welfare 
and happiness. He is unassuming and democratic in manner, but his intellectual 
force and personal worth are recognized by all with whom he comes in contact. 



S 



HENRY LOVEKIN EDMONDS. 

The life history of Henry Lovekin Edmonds stands in contradistinction to the 
Id adage that a prophet is never without honor save in his own country, for in 
e city of his nativity he has attained distinction and has won recognition for his 
ability as a member of the bar. He is now serving as police magistrate in New 
Westminster, to which office he was called in May, 1910. He was born in New 
estminster, November 2, 1870, a son of Henry Valentine and Jane Fortune 
Kemp) Edmonds, both of whom were natives of Ireland, the former born in 
Dublin and the latter in Cork. The son pursued his education in the public 
hools of New Westminster and of Victoria, and after completing his more 
;cifically literary education entered upon the study of law and prepared for 
e bar, to which he was called in 1894. His record as a practitioner has been 
aracterized by continuous progress as experience and further study have 
rought him power and developed his latent talents. He has been accorded a 
good law practice and is now making a creditable record as police magistrate, 
which office he has filled for more than three years. His standing among his 
rofessional brethren is indicated by the fact that he is honorary secretary of 



114 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

the New Westminster Bar Association, which position he has held for about 
twelve years. In addition to professional interests Mr. Edmonds is known in 
business circles as one of the directors and the secretary of the Quesnelle Lake 
Timber Company, Ltd., a director of the Fraser River Tannery, Ltd., and a 
director of the Edmonds Development Company, Ltd. All of these are factors 
in that general development and upbuilding of the country which has its root in 
business activity and the utilization of natural resources. 

Mr. Edmonds also figures prominently in political circles. Since age con- 
ferred upon him the right of franchise he has given stalwart support to the 
conservative party, and that he is one of the leaders in its ranks is indicated 
by the fact that he served as president of the New Westminster Conservative 
Association from 1910 until 1912, inclusive, and is now president of the New 
Westminster District Conservative Association and the third vice president of 
the British Columbia Conservative Association. 

On the 1 5th of July, 1908, in New Westminster Mr. Edmonds was united in 
marriage to Miss Ella Kate Pringle, a daughter of M. Pringle. They hold 
membership in the Church of England, and Mr. Edmonds is well known in 
fraternal and club circles, being identified with King Solomon Lodge, No. 17, 
A. F. & A. M., of New Westminster; the Canadian Order of Woodmen of the 
World; the Hoo Hoos; the native sons of British Columbia; the Westminster 
Club; the Burnaby Country Club, and the British Columbia Golf Club. His 
activities are varied, maintaining an even balance in his life and making him 
one of the forceful and honored factors in the community. 



WALTER R. GILLEY. 

Walter R. Gilley has become widely known as a leader in many public enter- 
prises. He has done much to shape general thought and action and his influence 
has ever been on the side of improvement in matters of citizenship as well as 
in the material development of New Westminster. He was born October 22, 
1859, at St. Andrews, New Brunswick, and of that province his parents, Walter 
and Sarah (Rogers) Gilley, were also natives. The father was a school teacher 
for many years. He came to British Columbia in 1888, remaining thereafter a 
resident of this province until his death, which occurred in 1903, when he had 
reached the advanced age of eighty-four years. 

Walter R. Gilley was educated in the country schools of New Brunswick, 
which he attended to the age of fifteen years. He then put aside his school books 
in order to start out in life on his own account and secured a clerkship in the 
postoffice at St. Stephens. In October, 1877, at the age of eighteen years, he 
arrived in British Columbia and for a considerable period was prominently 
identified with the lumber industry. He was first employed in the lumber 
woods bordering the Fraser river, spending a part of the time in driving a six- 
yoke team of oxen, for in those days such means were the only methods of 
getting the timber to high water where shipment could be made. After five 
years of logging Mr. Gilley formed a partnership with his brother James R. 
at Port Haney and began hauling sand and wood. This business was continued 
until 1886, when they engaged in logging on the Fraser river. In the following 
year they established a livery and transfer business at New Westminster which 
they conducted until 1893. The following year they resumed their logging inter- 
ests and during their operation in that field of business they cut some of the 
largest timber in British Columbia, some of the trees measuring three hundred feet 
in length, while one giant trunk which they took to tide water was ninety feet long, 
fifty-eight inches in diameter at the small end and seven feet at the butt. In 
1898, the year of the big fire in New Westminster, the Gilley brothers retired 
from the logging business and began dealing in coal, wood, cement and building 
supplies. The undertaking prospered from the beginning. They supplied the 




WALTEK R. GILLEY 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 117 

crushed rock for the northwest bridge spanning the Eraser river and known as 
one of the finest structures of its kind in Canada. They own and operate exten- 
sive quarries on the Pitt river and their annual business is now one of extensive 
proportions and returns to them a gratifying yearly income. 

It has been the privilege of Mr. Gilley to witness many changes and improve- 
ments in New Westminster and this part of the country, which was compara- 
tively a wilderness when he entered upon his business activities in this section 
of the country. His labors have been a factor in the work of general business 
development and he is widely recognized as a forceful and resourceful man, 
ready to meet any emergency with the consciousness that comes of a right 
conception of things and an habitual regard for what is best in the exercise of 
human activities. 

In 1888 Mr. Gilley was united in marriage to Miss Salina F. Hinch, a native 
of Ontario and a daughter of John Hinch, who was one of the old settlers of 
Port Haney, where he took up his abode in 1875. Eight children were born unto 
Mr. and Mrs. Gilley and in social circles of New Westminster the family has 
long been prominent. 

Fraternally Mr. Gilley is connected with the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, and he is an active member of the New Westminster Board of Trade, 
being president for one year. Public-spirited and progressive to an eminent 
degree, he has taken a very active interest in making the Fraser river easy of 
access both day and night, believing that the future prosperity of New West- 
minster depends to a great extent upon making this river sufficiently deep to 
accommodate the largest ocean-going vessels. He has been a member of the 
navigation committee and served as its chairman for several years. Through 
his efforts the Board of Trade secured the services of a harbor engineer of great 
experience, and the plans he submitted were later adopted by the government. 
Mr. Gilley believes that when all the work planned is finished New Westminster 
will have beyond doubt the finest harbor in British Columbia. In politics he is 
a conservative. In 1899 and 1900 he was city alderman and during that time 
was chairman of the board of public works. He stands for all that is best in 
citizenship as well as in business life, and while in public office his efforts were 
an effective force for the municipal welfare. He is a self-made man who by 
his own labors has risen from a comparatively obscure position in the business 
world to one of prominence. He never fails to accomplish what he undertakes 
if it can be done by persistent, earnest effort, and the laudable ambition that 
has actuated him through all the successive steps of his business career has 
brought him to an enviable position. 



WILLIAM LEWIS KEATE. 

One who studies the timber industry will note that activities along this line 
have gradually moved westward until one of the most important centers of the 
trade is to be found in British Columbia. Among those prominently representing 
business of this character is William Lewis Keate, of Vancouver, now actively 
and successfully engaged in dealing in timber lands. He was born in Grand 
Rapids, Michigan, March 20, 1876, a son of Edward Jefferson and Eliza Scott 
(Peoples) Keate, who were pioneer people of Michigan, while the father, English 
born, was a native of London. The son pursued his education in the public 
schools of his native city and being reared in the center of an important lumber 
district, acquired in a casual way not a little knowledge of the trade at that time, 
although on leaving school he did not become connected with that line of activity. 
He entered the employ of R. G. Dun & Company, with whom he remained for 
ten years as assistant manager in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and later at Detroit. 
In 1905 he accepted the management of the Kalamazoo (Mich.) branch of the 
firm and remained there for two years. On the expiration of that period he 



118 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

came to Vancouver, where he has since engaged in the timber business on his 
own account and also represents eastern capital in the placing of investments. 
He has been successful since coming to the coast and his energy and ability prom- 
ise well for the future. He has conducted important negotiations in timber lands 
and within the period of his residence here has gained comprehensive knowledge 
of values and knows thoroughly of the leading timber tracts of this section of 
the country. 

On the 3d of June, 1907, at Grand Rapids, Michigan, Mr. Keate was married 
to Miss Ethel M. Anderson, a daughter of Frederick Anderson, and their chil- 
dren are William Lewis and Robert Jefferson Keate. Mr. Keate took out citi- 
zenship papers in Canada in 1911, but is not active in political circles. He 
belongs to St. Mark's Episcopal church and is a member of the Terminal City, 
the British Columbia Golf and the Rotary Clubs. He has become popular in 
these organizations and has gained a circle of friends that is constantly broaden- 
ing as the circle of his acquaintance widens. 



FRANCIS BOWSER. 

In 1907 Francis Bowser moved from Vancouver into the suburb of Kerrisdale 
and, in the midst of what was then practically a virgin forest, built a magnificent 
home. It is surrounded by a wide and level lawn beautified with flowers and 
trees and the place constitutes one of the most attractive residences in the beauti- 
ful suburb which has grown up around it. All of these things represent the fruits 
of a long, active and honorable career, closely identified with business and public 
interests of Vancouver, where Mr. Bowser has resided since 1888 and where he 
has become known as a moving force in everything relating to the city's political, 
social and material advancement. Although he is living retired he is still active 
in community affairs and his wealth and influence are always used in behalf of 
public progress. 

Mr. Bowser was born in Kingston, now Rexton, New Brunswick, September 
13, 1858, and is a son of William and Margaret (Gordon) Bowser, the former 
a son of John Bowser, a native of England, who emigrated to New Brunswick 
and there became very prominent, serving as a judge for number of years. His 
son, William Bowser, was born in New Brunswick and after reaching manhood 
engaged in mercantile pursuits at Kingston. He married Miss Margaret Gordon, 
of Scotch lineage, and they became the parents of eight children, two of whom 
are now residents of British Columbia. These are: Francis, the subject of this 
review ; and William J., LL. B., K. C., who is serving as attorney general of the 
province. A more extended mention of his career will be found elsewhere in 
this work. 

Francis Bowser acquired his education in the public schools of his native prov- 
ince and as a boy of seventeen went to sea, sailing out of Liverpool, England, for 
about five years thereafter. Concluding, however, that a seafaring life offered 
him no opportunity for advancement, he went to the United States in 1880 and 
was variously employed in Bay City, Michigan, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and other 
cities until 1881, when he moved to Canada, settling in Brandon, Manitoba. After 
one year he moved to Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, and there turned his attention 
to the general merchandise business, Moose Jaw being at that time the western 
terminal of the Canadian Pacific Railroad. As the road pushed farther west 
business conditions there became less favorable and Mr. Bowser disposed of his 
mercantile enterprise and in the summer of 1883 came to British Columbia, 
settling in Victoria and becoming engaged on the construction work of the 
Canadian Pacific Railroad in the Yale district. -For some 'time afterward he 
held this position and then entered the freight department of construction, having 
his offices at Port Hammond, British Columbia. There he remained until 1885, 
when the work called for by the Onderdonk contracts was completed. This 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 121 

consisted of the laying of one hundred and twenty-eight miles of track on the 
main line from Emory's Bar to Savona and when it was finished Mr. Bowser 
returned to Victoria, where he was employed by the Canadian Pacific Navigation 
Company for some time. In 1888 he came to what is now Vancouver and is num- 
bered therefore among the early arrivals in the city. He entered the Dominion 
customs services as clerk in the office of the landing waiter and in 1889 became 
chief landing waiter, holding that position until 1908, a period of about twenty 
years, during which his capable, prompt and conscientious performance of his 
duties won him general recognition as a public-spirited official and a far-sighted and 
resourceful business man. During all of his time Mr. Bowser made various 
investments in Vancouver property and acquired extensive and valuable real- 
estate interests, winning a comfortable competency upon which he retired from 
active life in 1908. Some time before he had removed from Vancouver to Kerris- 
dale, Point Grey, and here acquired a large acreage upon which he built a home. 
At this time the region was practically virgin forest and the magnificence of his 
residence seemed out of place in these primitive surroundings but there gradually 
grew up around it other homes and Kerrisdale justified his faith in its future by 
becoming a most beautiful suburb. 

On the 8th of August, 1885, Mr. Bowser was united in marriage to Miss Julia 
Jessie Sinclair, a daughter of William Sinclair, a retired Hudson's Bay Company 
official, of whom further mention is made elsewhere in this work. Mr. and 
Mrs. Bowser have five children, Frances Maud, William James, Margaret Kitt- 
son, Janet Baxter and Frank Copely. 

In the quarter of a century during which Mr. Bowser has lived in Vancouver 
no movement of a progressive public nature has been formulated which has not 
eceived his hearty indorsement and enthusiastic support. Essentially public- 
.pirited and progressive, he is prominent in all matters pertaining to growth and 
advancement and was active in formation of the municipality of Point Grey in 
1908. serving as reeve from 1910 to 1911. He is at present a member of the Bur- 
rard Peninsular Sewerage Commission and chairman of the board. He is a thirty- 
second degree Mason, a member of Acacia Lodge, No. 22, A. F. & A. M., and 
has held all the chairs and is past grand master of the jurisdiction for British 
Columbia. He was a moving spirit in the building of the Masonic Temple in 
Vancouver and is now a director and treasurer of the Vancouver Masonic Temple 
Building Company. He attends the Presbyterian church of Kerrisdale, to which 
he gave two lots upon which the church edifice is built, and he is a regular 
attendant at divine service. He has seen Vancouver develop from a small town 
to its present prosperous condition and has been a factor in the work of its 
progress. A man of exemplary character, he holds the respect and confidence 
of all who know him and, having won for himself an honorable position in busi- 
ness, social and political circles, is now enjoying the rest and retirement which 
rewards earnest and well directed labor. 



I 



FREDERICK L. DAVIS. 

Frederick L. Davis, one of the recent acquisitions to the legal fraternity of 
Vancouver, having removed here from Neepawa, Manitoba, in 1913, is a native 
of Hastings county, Ontario, where his family have resided for four generations. 
He was born at Belleville on the 6th of August, 1867, his parents being James 
Ashley and Sarah (Way) Davis. They are natives of Ontario, the father 
having been born at Pictou and the mother at Ameliasburg. James A. Davis 
removed with his family to Manitoba in 1881, where he has ever since resided 
and is now living retired in Winnipeg at 54 Frances street. He has attained the 
advanced age of seventy-seven years, while the mother is seventy-six. They have 
been married fifty years and have been the parents of three sons, of whom our 
subject is the eldest and the only one living. Mrs. Davis is a daughter of John 



122 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

Way, who married a Miss Casey, of United Empire Loyalist stock, and they 
became the parents of a large family. 

Frederick L. Davis, whose name introduces this record, was reared at home 
and received his elementary education in the schools of Belleville, and there took 
his first year's work in collegiate institute. He accompanied his parents on their 
removal to Winnipeg in 1881, and there continued his education, being gradu- 
ated from collegiate institute in May, 1884. In 1887 he was awarded his degree 
in arts, following which he took a Normal course, in order to qualify himself 
for the profession of teaching. He followed this vocation for two years, at 
the expiration of which time he took up the study of law, being granted his 
enrollment in 1893. He went to Neepawa, where he followed his profession for 
about nineteen years until he came to Vancouver. In 1900 he was admitted to the 
bar, and at Neepawa succeeded in building up a large and in every way desirable 
clientage. He gave up his practice there in 1913 and came to Vancouver, where 
he has permanently located. 

In May, 1895, Mr. Davis was married to Miss Nellie Webster, who had been 
a resident of Winnipeg since 1881, and was for many years prominent in 
musical circles there. Of this marriage have been born three children, Marjory, 
Webster and Elizabeth, the latter dying at the age of six years in 1908. 

Mr. Davis is a strong supporter of the liberal party and takes an active 
interest in all political affairs, as did his father before him, although the latter 
never sought public office. In 1910 Mr. Davis was a nominee for the provincial 
legislature, but his name was cast out on a technicality, his agent having had the 
papers sworn to before a police magistrate instead of a justice of the peace, as 
the law requires. Fraternally he is a Mason and Odd Fellow. His residence in 
Vancouver has been of very brief duration, but he has made an excellent begin- 
ning and has every reason to feel gratified with the success which has thus far 
attended his efforts. 



REV. THOMAS DA VIES PEARSON. 

The Methodist ministry long numbered Rev. Thomas Davies Pearson among 
its able divines and his life was fruitful in good accomplished for the moral' 
uplift of the race. Ever kindly in spirit and charitable in his judgment, while 
never deviating in the slightest degree from what he believed to be right, he 
won the love and trust of his fellowmen and his death, even though it came 
when he had attained a venerable age, was deeply regretted by all who knew him. 

He was born on June 17, 1828, in the Forest of Dean, Gloucester, England, 
and passed away in New Westminster on the I3th of September, 1911, at the 
age of eighty-three years. His father was a minister of the Wesleyan Methodist 
church, and, reared in a Christian atmosphere, the son became a local preacher 
at the age of nineteen. He was a young man of twenty-three years when, in 
1851, he came to Canada with Egerton Ryerson. In 1852 he became a candidate 
for the ministry of the Wesleyan Methodist conference, was received on trial 
the following year and in 1856 was received into full connection and ordained. 
In accordance with the custom of the country the Rev. Pearson lived at various 
places, preaching the gospel and working untiringly for the moral uplift and 
progress of the community. He devoted thirty-one years of his life to Christian 
preaching and service and then was superannuated in 1883. 

The year 1891 witnessed the arrival of Mr. Pearson in British Columbia, 
at which time he took up his abode in New Westminster. He had been married 
on the 1 7th of June, 1856, to Miss Isabella Robson, a daughter of John and 
Euphemia Robson, the former a farmer and mill owner and the first jailer 
at Sarnia, Ontario. She is also a sister of the Rev. Ebenezer Robson, a pioneer 
Methodist minister of British Columbia, and also of David and John Robson, 
who likewise took an important part in the development of the far west. Mr. 




REV. THOMAS D. PEARSON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 125 

and Mrs. Pearson became the parents of two sons and three daughters. One 
son, Thomas R. Pearson, manager of the Dominion Trust Company, Ltd., of 
New Westminster, has been choir leader of the Methodist church for thirty 
years, and is one of the best known laymen in British Columbia. A daughter, 
Euphemia Isabella, is the wife of the Rev. D. R. McKenzie, of Japan. The 
others are : Mrs. Harvey Johnson, of New Westminster ; Sadie Amelia, the 
wife of George H. Grant, of Vancouver, and Frank Raymond, of New West- 
minster. 

While conditions forced Mr. Pearson's retirement from the active work of 
the ministry, he never ceased to feel deeply interested in the work of the 
church and cooperated therein as his health would permit. He was a well 
known figure at conference gatherings, although he took little active part in the 
proceedings. He was an interested observer of all good works and had a high 
sense of the sacredness of the office of the minister. He never failed to attend 
church services if it were possible to do so, and he was much loved and honored 
among the membership at Queen's Avenue church in New Westminster, his 
example serving as a source of encouragement and inspiration to others. He 
was, moreover, always a most sympathetic listener and was among the first to 
extend a helping hand to his pastor or to anyone who was seeking to climb 
the upward path. In 1902, on the occasion of his jubilee as a Methodist preacher, 
the British Columbia conference passed a suitable resolution recognizing his 
worth and work and requesting him to preach a sermon, but he was unable to 
do so. The venerable figure of the Rev. Pearson was well known on the 
streets of New Westminster, where he lived for twenty years, passing away on 
the I3th of September, 1911. His last illness was only of two days' duration 
and then the end came. He left to his family the priceless heritage of a noble 
name and the memory of a life fraught with good deeds and actuated by high 
purposes. His words of wisdom sank deep into many hearts and his counsel 
was often sought by young and old, rich and poor. 



JOSEPH EDWARD BIRD. 

Prominent in the legal profession of Vancouver stands the firm of MacNeill, 
Bird, MacDonald & Darling, general practitioners whose ability is attested by the 
extensive clientage accorded them. The second member of the firm, Joseph 
Edward Bird, was born July 16, 1868, at Barrie. Ontario, a son of Henry and 
Elizabeth Bird. The father was a prominent and influential citizen of his 
locality, serving for forty years as clerk and treasurer of the municipality of 
Barrie. 

Liberal educational opportunities were accorded the son, who attended the 
Barrie Collegiate Institute and also the Toronto University at Toronto. His 
choice of a profession falling upon the law, he was articled in Barrie, Ontario, 
to H. H. Strathy, K. C, and after thorough preparatory reading was called to the 
Ontario bar in 1893. The same year he commenced practice in Toronto asso- 
ciated with Edgar & Malone and later, in 1896, they opened a branch office at 
Rat Portage, Ontario. Mr. Bird continued a practitioner in the east until 1902, 
when he came to Vancouver and entered upon the active work of his profession 
in this city as a partner in the firm of Bird, Brydon Jack & McCrossan. That 
connection was continued until 1907, when the partnership was dissolved, after 
which Mr. Bird practiced until 1912 as junior partner in the firm of MacNeill 
& Bird. In the latter year they were joined by two others under the firm style of 
MacNeill, Bird, MacDonald & Darling. They continue in general practice but 
have considerable railway work, being solicitors for the Great Northern Railway 
Company. They are also legal representatives of the Bank of Nova Scotia and 
Bank of Toronto. Their practice is today extensive and of an important char- 
acter. Aside from his practice Mr. Bird has business interests, being a director 



126 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

of the Coast Quarries, Ltd., the British Columbia Dental Supply Company, Ltd., 
and the Alberta Lumber Company, Ltd. 

In political belief Mr. Bird tends to the socialistic party, and in 1908 was 
elected alderman of Vancouver, in which connection he exercises his official 
prerogatives in support of various beneficial public measures. He holds member- 
ship in the Terminal City Club and belongs also to the Masonic fraternity of Van- 
couver. 

On the ist of July, 1899, in Kenora, Ontario, Mr. Bird was married to Miss 
Caroline Mary Irwin, a daughter of James and Elizabeth (Boyd) Irwin, the 
former a lumberman of Peterboro, Ontario. The two children of this marriage 
are Henry and Edward Bird. In the decade or more of his residence in Van- 
couver, Mr. Bird has become widely and favorably known, not only professionally 
but in other connections, and as a man and citizen ranks high, while as a bar- 
rister his position is among the foremost. 



DAVID S. CURTIS. 

David S. Curtis, one of the foremost and most influential citizens of New 
Westminster, has been continuously and successfully engaged in business as a 
druggist of the city for more than three decades and is today the proprietor of 
the oldest drug store on the mainland in British Columbia. His birth occurred 
in Cleveland, Ohio, on the ist of January, 1856, his parents being Samuel and 
Jane (Goodhue) Curtis, both of whom were natives of England, the former 
born in Devonshire and the latter in Kent. They were married in that country 
and came to Canada about 1848, locating in the county of Elgin. Samuel Curtis 
was engaged in business as a merchant of St. Thomas and passed away in the 
county of Elgin about 1863, having resided there continuously since coming 
from England with the exception of a brief period spent in Cleveland, Ohio. 
His widow, who came to British Columbia in 1873, married a second time, be- 
coming the wife of Dr. L. R. Mclnnis. Her demise occurred in the spring 
of 1901. 

David S. Curtis was reared under the parental roof, acquiring his education 
in the public schools of Ontario. Subsequently he became connected with the 
drug business in Dresden, Ontario. In 1874 he came to British Columbia, lo- 
cating in New Westminster, and entered the service of James Cunningham, a 
general merchant. At the end of three years in that gentleman's employ he 
took up the study of medicine with his stepfather, who was at that time medical 
officer for the Vancouver Coal Company and stationed at Nanaimo. At the 
end of a year, however, he abandoned his reading and returned to the employ 
of James Cunningham, with whom he remained until 1882. In that year, in 
association with Dr. Sibree Clarke, he established himself in the drug business 
under the firm name of D. S. Curtis & Company, the partnership existing for 
two years. On the expiration of that period Dr. Clarke removed to Kamloops 
and Mr. Curtis became sole proprietor of the establishment, which he has con- 
ducted independently to the present time. It is today the oldest drug store on 
the mainland in British Columbia, and as its owner Mr. Curtis has won a 
gratifying and well merited measure of prosperity. His splendid executive 
ability and sound business judgment have been recognized to such an extent 
that his aid and cooperation have been sought in the control and management 
of various other interests. He is the president of the Surrey Nurseries, a 
shareholder in the Western Paper Mills, is a stockholder in the Pacific Coast 
Fire Insurance Company, and acts as chairman of the board of managers of 
Columbia College and a governor of Ryerson College of Vancouver. On the 
Board of Trade he has been a prominent figure, now serving as chairman of its 
imperial home reunion committee, chairman of its market and produce com- 
mittee, chairman of its legislative committee and as a member of its council. 




DAVID S. Cl'KTIS 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 129 

He has likewise held the important offices of president and secretary-treasurer 
of the Board of Trade, president of the British Columbia Pharmaceutical Asso- 
ciation, president of the Retail Merchants' Association and president of the 
Young Men's Christian Association. He is a director of the Tranquille Sana- 
torium for Consumptives and of the Royal Agricultural & Industrial Society. 

In 1886 Mr. Curtis was united in marriage to Miss Harriet Cunningham, her 
father being John Cunningham, a prominent contractor of Kingston, Ontario. 
Unto them have been born six children, three sons and three daughters, as 
follows: Alice Muriel, who is the wife of Dr. J. G. Davidson, of Vancouver; 
Arthur G., who is engaged in the lumber business in the state of Washington; 
Leslie W., who is engaged in the hardware business at New Westminster; 
Edith M., at home; Florence G., a student in the Columbian College, and 
George E., who attends the Westminster high school. 

In political circles and public life Mr. Curtis is also well known and active. 
He did able work as a member of the board of aldermen for ten years and 
then, in 1893, was chosen mayor, giving his city a progressive and businesslike 
administration. He has likewise served in the capacity of school trustee and the 
cause of education has ever found in him a stanch friend. He was formerly 
president of the New Westminster District and the New Westminster City 
Conservative Association and is ex-vice president of the Provincial Conservative 
Association. Every movement for the development and advancement of the 
city receives his active support and cooperation, and his public-spirited citizen- 
ship has often been manifested when he has sacrificed his own interests in 
order to aid and encourage projects instituted for the general welfare. He is 
the secretary, treasurer and trustee of the Methodist church at New Westminster, 
holds the office of vice president of the British Columbia branch of the Canadian 
Bible Society and acts as president of the local branch of the Canadian Bible 
Society. Fraternally he is identified with Royal City Lodge, No. 3, I. O. O. F., 
and the Woodmen of the World, being consul commander of the latter order. 
He likewise belongs to the Royal Templars. Mr. Curtis is always courteous, 
kindly and affable and those who know him personally have for him warm 
regard. In his life are the elements of greatness because of the use he has 
made of his talents and his opportunities, because his thoughts are not self- 
centered, but are given to the mastery of life problems and the fulfillment of 
his duty as a man in his relations to his fellowmen and as a citizen in his rela- 
tions to his city, province and country. 



WILLIAM ERNEST BURNS. 

William Ernest Burns, barrister, was born in Milton, Ontario, June 19, 1873, 
a son of Nelson and Eleanor (Tyler) Burns, both of whom were natives of 
Ontario. The father was a Methodist minister but is now deceased. 

William E. Burns attended the Jarvis Street College of Toronto and the 
Toronto University, from which he was graduated with the Bachelor of Arts 
degree in 1895. He afterward spent two years in journalism in connection with 
Toronto papers and then took up the study of law at Osgoode Hall, Toronto. 
He was called to the bar of Ontario in 1900 and in the same year came to Van- 
couver as resident attorney for the Vananda Mining Company. He soon after- 
ward entered upon general practice in which he still continues. In 1902 Mr. 
Burns admitted Harold M. Daly, a son of the late Hon. T. Mayne Daly, to a 
partnership, this connection continuing until 1905, when Mr. Daly withdrew to 
enter financial circles. He was succeeded by 'Knox Walkem and they are now 
practicing under the firm style of Burns & Walkem. While they engaged in 
general practice they have much mining litigation and Mr. Burns is counsel for 
a number of mining corporations. He has for several years been solicitor for 

the district of North Vancouver. He is commissioner, by royal appointment, to 
voi. m 5 



130 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

inspect and report on all matters pertaining to the coal industry in the "province 
of British Columbia and is counsel for the Burrard Inlet Tunnel & Bridge Com- 
pany and other corporations. 

In Peterboro, Ontario, on the 2d of June, 1903, Mr. Burns was united in 
marriage to Miss Catherine M. Hall, a daughter of Adam Hall, a prominent 
resident of that city and head of the Hall Foundry Company. The two children 
of this marriage are Elizabeth Tyler and William Ernest. Mr. Burns is a 
conservative in politics and is a member of the board of police commissioners 
for the city of Vancouver. He belongs to the Jericho Country Club, Shaughnessy 
Heights Golf Club and Victoria Golf and Country Clubs, associations which 
indicate something of his personal as well as professional prominence. 



JAMES ROGERS GILLEY. 

For many years connected with the firm of Gilley Brothers of New West- 
minster, James Rogers Gilley occupied an important position in the commercial 
life of his community, being highly regarded by all who knew him for his 
straightforward business methods and his honorable dealings. His death, on 
August n, 1906, removed from the city's activities one of its foremost citizens 
and a man who even in a short span of life had done much to promote the 
general welfare. 

James R. Gilley was born in St. Andrews, New Brunswick, June 12, 1863, a 
son of Walter and Sarah (Rogers) Gilley. There he was reared and educated 
but in 1886, when twenty-three years of age, came to British Columbia to join 
his brothers, Walter R. and H. Gilley, who had located here a few years previously. 
After his arrival here he engaged in the teaming and livery business in company 
with his brother Walter at Port Haney for a year. In 1887 they removed to New 
Westminster, establishing themselves in the same line, and here the three brothers 
were associated in business for about five years, at the end of which period the 
livery stable was disposed of, all their attention being given to their teaming. 
Gradually the present extensive business of Gilley Brothers developed and new 
lines were taken up, including handling of building materials, coal, crushed rock 
and sewer pipe, they also becoming in time owners of extensive quarries. The 
firm gradually built up a business which was second to few, if any, in their 
line in the province. , 

In 1890 James R. Gilley returned to New Brunswick for his bride and on 
the 2 ist of October of that year was united in marriage to Miss Sarah Adelma 
Dean, a daughter of Rufus P. and Mary (Smith) Dean, of St. David, New 
Brunswick. Mr. and Mrs. Gilley became the parents of eight children: Reita 
Sarah; Edgar Roland and James Royden, twins; Rufus Walter; Marjorie 
Evelyn ; Beatrice Adelma ; Verna Muriel ; and Jean Rogers Dean. 

Mr. Gilley always took an active interest in fraternal affairs and was a well 
known member of Union Lodge, No. 9, A. F. & A. M. Beside his connection 
with the firm of Gilley Brothers he was interested in other commercial enterprises, 
having made judicious investments as prosperity came to him. He stood ever 
ready to give his support to any worthy movement that he considered would 
benefit his adopted city and gave an example of public-spirited citizenship well 
worthy of emulation. Strictly temperate in his habits, he was upright and 
honorable in all his dealings and although entitled to prominence and recognition, 
was modest and unassuming in his demeanor. Frank, open-hearted and genial, 
he was easily approachable and personally popular, his generous nature making 
him a favorite among all who knew him. He was always willing to give his 
share of time and money to any measure that had for its object the good of the 
community, never taking into consideration if such measures would benefit him 
financially or not. Naturally his death therefore was a heavy loss to the city 
of New Westminster, where he died August n, 1906, the news of his demise 




JAMES K. G1LLEY 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 133 

bringing sorrow to many a home. Mrs. Gilley, who survives, makes her home 
in the beautiful residence which he erected on Eighth street shortly prior to his 
death. She is a woman of many charming qualities and is rarely accomplished 
and is socially popular among the best people of New Westminster. 



JAMES BUCKHAM KENNEDY. 

The history of any community resolves itself into the history of the lives 
of the men whose activities have been responsible for its upbuilding, and in the 
history of the province of British Columbia this fact is doubly true. Her 
remarkable growth of more recent years is largely due to the lumber industry, 
and no history of the province would be complete without prominent mention of 
those men, whose careers are inseparably a part of the history of that industry. 
Such a man is James Buckham Kennedy, who came to British Columbia in 

1877, and who, immediately upon his arrival in Granville, now the city of 
Vancouver, became connected with the lumber industry in this province and 
continued to be identified with that industry for more than thirty years. 

James Buckham Kennedy was born in Bytown, now the city of Ottawa, 
Ontario, on the 23d of February, 1844, the son of Donald and Janet (Buckham) 
Kennedy, the former of whom was a native of the highlands of Scotland, having 
first seen the light of day in Perthshire, while the latter was born in Dunblane, 
also in Perthshire, but in the lowlands of the heather. They both came to 
Canada with their parents, as young man and young woman, the latter making 
the voyage on a sailing ship, which was fourteen weeks on the sea. Their parents 
settled in Ontario in the vicinity of Ottawa, where the young people were reared 
and where they later married. Donald Kennedy, on attaining man's estate, found 
employment in the timber camps of the province, but later took up surveying, 
which he followed for a number of years, during which he laid out the original 
plan of part of the city of Ottawa. He later engaged in the contracting and 
building business there and constructed many of the then important buildings of 
the city. In 1855 he retired from active business life and located on a farm 
three miles outside of the city and adjoining the present government experimental 
station, where he resided until his death in 1887, at the age of eighty-six years. 
His wife died in 1856 at the age of fifty years. 

James Buckham Kennedy attended the public schools of Ottawa until he had 
attained the age of eleven years, when he removed to the farm with his father, 
after which he assisted in the farm work until the spring of 1868, when he went 
into Ottawa and secured employment in the lumberyards of A. H. Baldwin, thus 
beginning his career in the industry to which he has devoted his active business 
life. Beginning in the most humble position, that of shoveling bark, by industry 
and perseverance he worked his way up through the various positions, and at the 
end of three years became foreman of the yards, with which was combined 
the position of shipping clerk, entailing the full management of the yards. He 
continued in this capacity until the spring of 1877 when, imbued with the spirit 
of the west and believing that the new country on the shores of the Pacific offered 
better opportunities to the young man of spirit and determination, he came to 
British Columbia and found employment in the old Hasting's Mills in the village 
of Granville, which, in 1886, became the city of Vancouver. He remained there 
but three and one-half months when he removed to New Westminster, where 
he has continued to reside to the present time. On his arrival here he entered, 
in association with a chum who had come to British Columbia with him, into a 
contract with W. J. Armstrong, who owned a small sawmill, to run the mill and 
planer at a stated sum per thousand feet, and was so employed until August, 

1878, when he went to Yale and, purchasing a horse and saddle, rode into the 
interior through the virgin wilderness, spending some seven or eight weeks on the 
trip. He then returned to New Westminster and entered the employ of the 



134 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

De Beck Brothers in what is now the Brunette Saw Mills, in which he operated 
a planer. In 1880 he purchased the interest of G. Ward De Beck in the mills, and 
from that time forward was a dominant factor in their management. He was 
one of the active spirits in the incorporation of the mills in 1884 as the Brunette 
Saw Mill Company, Limited, and was president of the corporation for several 
years, being connected with the company until the year 1910, when he sold his 
interests and has since lived retired from active business, enjoying the well earned 
fruits of his labor. During the thirty years of his association with the Brunette 
Saw Mill Company, Limited, and its predecessor, the Brunette Saw Mills, Mr. 
Kennedy was a prime factor in building up the mills to their present size and 
prosperous condition, these mills today being conceded to be the best paying mills, 
in ratio to the capital invested, in the province of British Columbia. 

Though retired from the active pursuit of business Mr. Kennedy has made 
judicious investment of his competency, and is identified with a number of finan- 
cial and business institutions, being a shareholder of the Westminster Trust Com- 
pany and of the British Columbia Brass Company, Limited, of New Westminster. 

On the 3Oth day of November, 1880, Mr. Kennedy married Miss Josephine 
Eugenie De Beck of New Westminster, a sister of Captain C. H. De Beck, 
extended mention of whom will be found on other pages of this work. To 
them was born one son, Clarence George Kennedy, who died at Vernon, British 
Columbia, at the age of twenty-six years. Mrs. Kennedy was called to her 
Maker in 1882, and in June, 1890, Mr. Kennedy was again wedded, leading to 
the altar Mrs. Mary A. (Smith) Lloyd, the widow of Dr. D. Lloyd, and a native 
of Ontario. 

Mr. Kennedy has been a citizen of New Westminster and of the province of 
British Columbia in every sense that the word "citizen" implies. He has always 
been active in the support of measures pertaining to municipal welfare, and 
believing that it is the duty of a true citizen to give a measure of his time and 
energy to the duties of government, has done valuable service for his city in 
various capacities, including two years as a member of the city council and several 
years as a member of the school board, and has in many other ways given 
tangible evidence of his worth as a citizen. In 1904 he was appointed a member 
of the board of pilot commissioners for the pilotage district of New Westminster 
and has been continuously a member of the board to the present time. He is a 
liberal in politics and has been an important factor in the party and a tireless 
worker for its interests. In 1894 he was returned to the provincial parliament 
and represented New Westminster in the legislative assembly for four years. In 
1904 higher political honors were accorded him and he was returned to the 
Dominion parliament, and until 1908 represented the New Westminster district 
in that body. It is worthy of record, as a source of inspiration to others, to 
state that Mr. Kennedy, while sitting in parliament, was accorded the pleasure of 
telling his colleagues that he had worked as a common laborer on the parliament 
buildings in which he was then sitting as a member. 

Not only has Mr. Kennedy occupied an important place in the business and 
political life of his city, but he has, as well, borne his part in the social and moral 
uplift of the community. He is a member of the Royal Templars and the dean of 
Pythianism in New Westminster as a member of Royal Lodge, No. 6, Knights of 
Pythias, of New Westminster. He is a member of the Young Men's Christian 
Association, while Mrs. Kennedy is a member of the Young Women's Christian 
Association. They both hold membership in the Knox Presbyterian church of 
Sapperton, in which Mr. Kennedy is an elder and to which they are both liberal 
contributors to the various charitable and other funds, and in the general welfare 
of which they are earnest workers. 

Coming to the great west in the first blush of his manhood he has remained 
for nearly forty years an essential factor in its development along business, 
political, intellectual and moral lines. Choosing as his place of residence a land 
where history is making, a country whose natural resources have not yet been 
developed to a tenth part of their full extent, he has taken a part in shaping 






BRITISH COLUMBIA 135 

the destiny of the city with which he became identified and, as the years have 
passed, has reached a place of eminence in all walks of life. While his activities 
have been largely concentrated upon his business enterprises, his influence has 
ever been a steady, moving force for those interests which are vital to the best 
development of the individual and the country at large. No man in New West- 
minster is more highly respected or better deserves the honor and esteem in 
which he is held by his fellowmen than James Buckham Kennedy. 



JOHN REID. 

John Reid, proprietor of the Westminster Iron Works and one of the substan- 
tial and influential citizens of New Westminster, has for forty years been a 
resident of Canada and for thirty-six years of British Columbia. He was born 
at Carrickfergus, County Antrim, Ireland, March 28, 1852, and is a son of 
Ezekial and Mary (Neason) Reid, who were also natives of County Antrim, 
Ireland, where their entire lives were spent, the father passing away at the age of 
eighty-two years and the mother when seventy-six years of age. 

John Reid was reared upon the home farm and had but limited educational 
opportunities for, being the eldest of the children, his services were needed in 
the fields, leaving him little time to attend school. He remained under the 
parental roof until he had attained his majority and in 1873 he came to Canada 
to start upon an independent business career. Settling in Ottawa he there 
apprenticed himself to the blacksmith's trade and was employed in the building 
of the machinery house of the Ottawa Waterworks and on the building of the 
Kenzie block of the parliament building. He completed his apprenticeship at 
blacksmithing in that connection and on the 6th of May, 1877, arrived in Victoria, 
British Columbia, in order to profit by and share in the opportunities furnished 
in the far west. A few weeks later he came to New Westminster and on the 
6th of June he began work at his trade in the shop of W. R. Lewis. He was 
employed for two years by Mr. Lewis as a journeyman and then recognition of 
his ability won him the position of foreman, in which capacity he served for 
seven years. In 1886 he purchased the business from his employer and entered 
into a partnership with William Currie, conducting an enterprise under the name 
of the Reid & Currie Iron Works. This partnership continued until August, 
1893, when the widespread financial panic of that year caused them to discon- 
tinue. The following year Mr. Reid engaged in business independently, estab- 
lishing the Westminster Iron Works. At that time he was not only without 
capital but was in debt to the sum of several thousand dollars, and in the fire of 
1898 his establishment was destroyed without any insurance upon it. Even this 
condition did not discourage him. With renewed energy he set to wo'rk to 
retrieve his lost possessions and win that success which then seemed far from 
his grasp. He immediately rebuilt and on Tuesday morning following the fire 
had two forges in his new building which was open for business. He was the 
first to resume operations in his line and was the only man in New Westminster 
who would undertake certain kinds of work such as steel beams and other 
heavy building iron work. The first year following the fire was a very successful 
one for him and from that start he developed his present extensive manufactur- 
ing business. He is now planning the erection of a large and modern plant on 
Lulu island in the near future. The output of the Westminster Iron Works 
includes all kinds of machine work and all kinds of iron work, making a specialty 
of ornamental work for which he has one of the best equipped plants in the 
province. Gradually the business has grown, its trade increasing year by year, 
and today his is one of the largest and most prosperous productive industies of 
the city. Mr. Reid is also the president of the British Columbia Brass Com- 
pany at Sapperton, is a director of the British Pacific Coal Company, on Graham 
island, which has from eight to nine thousand acres of rich coal land, and valuable 



136 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

timber and good farming lands. His success is indicated by his various invest- 
ments, all of which have been judiciously placed. He resolved at the outset of 
his career that he would win success if industry and perseverance could accom- 
plish it and his achievement shows that this can be done. 

In 1883 Mr. Reid was united in marriage to Miss Jessie Irving, of Hammond, 
British Columbia, a daughter of Adam Irving, one of the pioneer farmers of this 
section. They have become parents of seven children : William Irving, who is 
now assistant manager of his father's business ; Mary Elizabeth, the wife of 
James A. Blair, superintendent of the ornamental department of the business; 
Genevieve May, at home ; Catherine, assistant bookkeeper in her father's office ; 
John, a machinist in his father's shop; and James Sidney and Robert Stanley, 
both in school. 

Mr. Reid belongs to Royal Lodge, K. P., and to the Woodmen of the World. 
In more strictly social lines he is connected with the Burnaby Country Club and 
the Westminster Progressive Club. He served for some years in the city council 
and on the school board and is a member of the Board of Trade. His military 
record is that of a member of the One Hundred and Fourth Regiment of the 
Canada Militia. He probably is the oldest service man in British Columbia, 
holding the long service medal, having for thirty-five years been an active member 
of that and other commands. He refused a commission on account of not having 
time to devote to the duties connected therewith, but is now serving as pay 
sergeant. In politics he is a liberal. He contributes to the support of the Meth- 
odist church, of which his wife is a member. Mr. Reid is one of the foremost 
business men and public-spirited citizens of New Westminster, being numbered 
among the leaders in the promotion of any enterprise and project looking to the 
welfare of his home city. For several years past he has held the appbintment 
of justice of the peace. What he has undertaken he has accomplished and 
though difficulties and obstacles have arisen, he has overcome these and today 
is one of the leading residents of New Westminster, capably controlling exten- 
sive and important business affairs. He deserves much credit for what he has 
done and his record should serve to inspire and encourage others, showing what 
can be accomplished by diligence and determination. 



ALFRED WILLIAMS. 

Alfred Williams, one of the foremost consulting engineers of the Pacific 
coast and a man who has left traces of his work in various parts of the Dominion, 
is considered one of the authorities on engineering in the Dominion. Of late 
he has made his home in Vancouver, where he has been connected with some 
of the most important building projects and has also done work of paramount 
importance in neighboring cities. His wide experience in all kinds of munic- 
ipal and private work and railway construction has prepared him especially for 
investigating work and for acting as arbitrator upon important cases, and he 
has become recognized so widely that his opinions and reports are in great de- 
mand and highly valued, his whole time of late being given to important investi- 
gations which often involve hundreds of thousands of dollars. Mr. Williams 
is a native of England, being born in Worcester on October 6, 1865, and is a 
son of John and Sarah Ann (Dudley) Williams, both natives of that city. The 
father was for many years inspector of public works in London and passed 
away in October, 1912. The mother now makes her home in Birmingham, 
England. 

Alfred- Williams was reared amid the refining influences of a well-to-do 
home and received his professional education at the Birmingham School of 
Arts and the London City Guilds, graduating from the latter in 1887 with the 
degree of C. E. When only nineteen years of age he was already supervising 
engineer for the erection of the municipal buildings and the Grand Theatre of 




ALFRED WILLIAMS 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 139 

Birmingham. Upon completing his course he became an assistant engineer fo* 
the city of Manchester and the borough of Sulford, holding this office for sev- 
eral years. He was chief engineer on the construction of the Manchester sewer 
system, doing important and original work along that line a system which is 
at present being practically duplicated in Vancouver. He then engaged with 
the Lancastershire & Yorkshire Railway as engineer in the department of 
bridges and stations and was engaged in the building of signal cabins. He put 
in the entire block system and signal service on that road, installing signal cabins 
with as many as three hundred levers. In June, 1903, Mr. Williams came to 
Toronto and engaged in private practice as consulting engineer, at that time 
having important contracts in Toronto, Ontario, and Montreal, spending seven 
years in the east. He built three of the largest exhibition buildings for Toronto, 
the nine-story reinforced concrete Darling building of that city, the first of 
this kind of construction to be built in Canada, and the Bell Telephone building 
at Toronto, beside many other important public and municipal structures in 
Ontario. He was also retained for the Canadian H. W. Johns-Manville Com- 
pany and while associated with this concern was engineer in the installation 
of the St. Thomas (Ont.) municipal heating plant, the St. Thomas Packing 
Company's cold storage plant, the William Davis Cold Storage Company's plant, 
the Toronto University heating plant and the heat distributing and power plant 
at McGill University, Montreal. He is a member of the Engineers Club of 
Toronto, which is connected with the faculty of the university of that city. 
He has since written and read many articles on engineering problems for the 
university and the public. 

In May, 1910, Mr. Williams came to Vancouver, his first work being the 
large Metropolitan building, which includes the beautiful Terminal City Club. 
It is one of Vancouver's largest and finest office buildings. He has had entire 
charge of the construction of this building from beginning to end, and since, 
has erected many other large office and apartment buildings in this city. He 
has now finished projects for two fine ten-story buildings which will probably 
be erected within the coming year and has just completed the Grauer block at 
Eburne, which is the largest and most modern building in that town. He is 
the owner for Canada of the Jester fireproof partitions, which are patented and, 
being only two inches thick, are a great space saver while strictly fire and sound 
proof. These partitions are now being installed in the new, beautiful apartment 
house, Grace Court, at the corner of Comox and Cardero streets, and several 
other large buildings in Vancouver. For the past year Mr. Williams' whole 
efforts have been given to his consulting practice and to supervising, investigat- 
ing and arbitrations. His wide experience makes him an authority upon all 
subjects that have to do with engineering and his opinions are accepted as definite 
by the profession. He has given decisions in most important cases where large 
sums of money have been involved, and his opinions have always satisfied both 
contending parties. Moreover, Mr. Williams is president of the Colonial Sash 
& Door Company at Huntington, British Columbia, a young and growing enter- 
prise. 

In Manchester, England, on March 29, 1885, Mr. Williams was married to 
Miss Elizabeth Sanders, a daughter of William Sanders, a prominent stone 
contractor of Manchester. Mr. and Mrs. Williams are the parents of two 
children : Annie, the wife of Shadrick Jones, of Vancouver, formerly of To- 
ronto; and Alfred Thomas Pearson, attending Langara private school. 

In his political affiliations Mr. Williams is a conservative, stanchly uphold- 
ing the principles of that organization, and a member of the Conservative Asso- 
ciation of Vancouver. As member of the Commercial Club of this city he often 
finds occasion to break a lance for progressive measures that will open new 
avenues of trade for the city. His religious faith is that of the Church of 
England. He is a member of the Sons of England Society of Vancouver, a 
member of the blue lodge of Masons and, along professional lines, of the En- 
gineers Club of Toronto. He has made most valuable contributions to the up- 



140 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

building of Vancouver and the surrounding district and his success is such 
that his methods are of interest to the profession. An analyzation of his life 
record shows that he has based his actions upon the rules which govern strict 
and unswerving integrity and unflagging industry. Besides being one of the 
foremost engineers, he is a business man of the modern type, shrewd, able, 
progressive and straightforward, careful of his own interests, considerate of 
those of others and influenced at all times by the thought of the broader effect 
which his work has upon the growth of his community. Vancouver has im- 
measurably grown under his stimulating activities and as his valuable work 
goes on, his loyalty and love for his adopted city grows in him, bearing rich 
fruit in realizing valuable public projects. 



THOMAS R. PEARSON. 

From the time when New Westminster was a mere village the well directed 
activities of Thomas R. Pearson have been factors in its upbuilding, and his 
initiative spirit, his energy and keen business discrimination are today counted 
among the most important of its municipal assets. He is local manager for the 
Dominion Trust Company, Ltd., and by virtue of this position and the force 
of his ability and personality a power in financial circles. He is, moreover, 
keenly interested in music, in literature and athletics, interests which have 
developed and expanded through the years, making him today a broad and 
liberally cultured man. He was born at Oshawa, Ontario, on the 2ist of May, 
1858, and is a son of Rev. Thomas D. and Isabella Pearson, the former a Metho- 
dist minister and a descendant through many generations of a line of 
prominent Methodist clergymen. The maternal branch of this family embraced 
some very prominent representatives, notably Hon. John Robson, at one time 
premier of British Columbia ; Rev. Ebenezer Robson, a pioneer missionary, and 
David Robson, editor of the British Columbian. 

Thomas R. Pearson acquired his education in the public schools of his native 
town and at Ontario College in Guelph, from which he was graduated at the 
age of eighteen. He was one of the early settlers in British Columbia, arriving 
in the province in 1877 and in Victoria in the 5th of May of that year. He 
obtained employment first in the paymaster's office of the Dominion government 
survey department and after about five months' service assumed the position 
of chief accountant, which office he retained until the department was abolished 
and the work taken over by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company. The head 
office of the department was removed from Victoria to New Westminster in 
August, 1879, at which time Mr. Pearson came to the latter city. Almost imme- 
diately after severing his connection with the Dominion service he turned his 
attention to mercantile pursuits, establishing a book and stationery business, 
which he conducted successfully for some time, later disposing of his interests 
in order to enter into partnership with Charles G. Major. Under the firm name 
of Major & Pearson the partners opened a real-estate business and gradually 
secured a large and representative patronage, handling a great deal of valuable 
property and becoming powerful factors in business circles. Shortly after the 
Dominion Trust Company was formed in 1906 the real-estate and insurance 
department of Major & Pearson's business became incorporated with it and 
Mr. Pearson was appointed to the directorate and was made local manager of the 
company's affairs at New Westminster. He is also a member of the advisory 
board of the same corporation. He has proved able and efficient in the con- 
duct of the important affairs under his charge and much of the rapid growth 
of the concern in this city is due to his resourceful business discrimination and 
enterprising spirit. In addition to his connection with the Dominion Trust Com- 
pany he is a director in the Pacific Loan Company ; in the Royal Agricultural 
and Industrial Society, of which he was for several years secretary ; in the Pretty 




THOMAS R. PEARSON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 143 

Timber Exchange and the Vancouver Harbor & Dock Company ; and is presi- 
dent of Pearson's Ltd. and of Western Canada City Properties, Ltd. He has 
invested extensively in local real estate and has also a three hundred and thirty 
acre farm at Port Hammond, whereon he raises prize stock such as thorough- 
bred Holsteins, Yorkshire and Shropshire pigs, and fancy poultry. He has 
exhibited in all portions of the province and has taken a great many prizes. All 
of his business interests are carefully and conservatively conducted and their 
extent and importance place him among the leaders in business circles of the 
city. 

Mr. Pearson married, in 1887, Miss Edith Eleanor Major, a daughter of 
Charles George and Mary E. Major, of New Westminster. Mr. and Mrs. Pear- 
son have three children: Thomas Roy, of Los Angeles, California; Charles 
Leslie, who lives upon a farm at Port Hammond ; and Jeoffrey Carmen, who 
is attending school. The family occupy an attractive and comfortable residence at 
No. 715 Royal avenue. 

Politically Mr. Pearson gives his allegiance to the conservative party but votes 
independently when he feels that the best interests of the community demand 
such action. Although not an office seeker, he has served as notary public and 
was for two years an alderman, discharging his official duties in an able and con- 
scientious way. In religion he is a devout Methodist and has always been active 
in church affairs, holding today many important church offices, such as trustee 
and leader of the choir. He is a musician of considerable ability and for many years 
has been well known in musical circles, where he today occupies a prominent and 
honored place. For the past thirty-three years he has been leader of the Metho- 
dist choir, which is recognized as one of the best in this locality. He became 
identified with its affairs when he was twenty years of age and has given a great 
deal of time to improving its work. For ten years he was also secretary of the 
old Choral Union, conducted by the late Rt. Rev. Bishop Silitoe, and he was the 
first honorary president of the choral society founded by Herbert D. Mackness. 
His wife also possesses great musical talent and for twenty years was organist 
of the Methodist church in New Westminster. Mr. Pearson counts his labors 
in raising the standards of musical appreciation in this vicinity and iji the pro- 
motion of a more general love of good music not the least of his many achieve- 
ments for New Westminster, which owes to him a great deal of its rapid advance- 
ment along many lines. 



FREDERICK GEORGE TANNER LUCAS. 

Frederick George Tanner Lucas, an active practitioner at the Vancouver bar, 
is specializing in corporation and marine law. He is senior partner in the firm 
of Lucas & Lucas, which during the six years of its existence has steadily pro- 
gressed and is now accorded a gratifying and distinctively representative clientage. 
F. G. T. Lucas was born in Alvinston, Ontario, September 29, 1878, a son of 
Alexander and Jane Frances Lucas, both of whom were representatives of 
pioneer families of Lambton county, Ontario. Following his removal to the 
west, the father figured prominently in the public life of Calgary, serving as first 
mayor of the city and the first president of its Board of Trade. 

Frederick G. T. Lucas pursued his education in the public schools of that 
city until he had mastered the branches of learning therein taught, while his more 
specifically literary course was pursued in the University of Toronto, in which 
he won the Bachelor of Arts degree upon graduation with the class of 1901. The 
same year he came to British Columbia and has since been identified with the 
northwest. He was articled for one year with J. A. Harvey, K. C., at Fort 
Steele, and in 1902 came to Vancouver, where he finished his articles with Harris 
& I lull and later with Joseph Martin, K. C., of Vancouver. Having been called 
to the bar, he began practice in 1905, remaining alone until 1907, when he was 



144 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

joined by his brother, E. A. Lucas, in the organization of the firm of Lucas & 
Lucas, which has now had an existence of six years. 

F. G. T. Lucas gives his political allegiance to the conservative party and is 
prominent as one of its local workers, having served as president of the Young 
Conservative Association for three years. He belongs to North Star Lodge, 
F. & A. M., of Fort Steele, British Columbia, and has also taken the degree of 
capitular Masonry 'in the Royal Arch Chapter. He belongs to the Terminal 
City Club, the Royal Vancouver Yacht Club and the Vancouver Athletic Club. 



JOHN JAMES JONES. 

A power in financial circles as managing director of the Westminster Trust 
Company and a man who stands for civic righteousness as do few of the 
most public-spirited citizens, John James Jones is one of the foremost and 
most useful of New Westminster's men. The more credit is due him as his 
success has been achieved unaided and entirely by his own efforts. He advanced 
from a humble position to the paramount place which he now holds among 
the bankers of this city. He is a native of north Wales, being born in Carnar- 
vonshire, November 9, 1854, and a son of John and Anna (Ellis) Jones, 
both natives of the same part of the rock-ribbed principality of Britain's west 
coast. There the mother passed away, having spent all her life among the 
story-haunted hills of her birthland, but the father still lives, enjoying fair 
health at the advanced age of eighty-eight years and spends the evening of his 
existence in contemplation and retirement. 

John James Jones was reared under the parental roof and was early taught 
modesty, industry and honesty by his worthy parents. He acquired his edu- 
cation in the schools of his native district and also in the Liverpool Institute, 
although he had worked in the slate quarries in north Wales before entering 
the latter institution. After completing his studies he was offered and accepted 
the position of assistant manager of one of the quarries, in which capacity he 
remained for about five years, thriftily providing for a rainy day and laying 
aside his earnings in order to embrace opportunities that the future might 
offer. During these years Mr. Jones married Miss Ellen Owen, a daughter 
of Captain Owen of Bangor, north Wales. In 1881 he undertook the most 
eventful step in his life by crossing the ocean to the Dominion, and upon his 
arrival in Canada was made slate inspector at New Rockland, Quebec. There 
.he subsequently engaged in slate roofing and contracting until in 1891 he 
followed the call of the west in order to profit by the opportunities waiting 
the courageous and enterprising. Coming to British Columbia, he located in 
New Westminster, to which place he had been called as manager of the slate 
quarries at Jarvis Inlet, and remained in that position for four years or until 
the time of the financial depression which affected all of the American conti- 
nent. Operations were then suspended and Mr. Jones was made by the courts 
liquidator of the firm's affairs, whose operations he had largely guided. After 
the closing of these transactions and settlements had been made Mr. Jones 
engaged in the timber business, along which line he was very successful. Five 
years ago, however, he disposed of his important lumber holdings and has 
since given his time to the management of his financial and property interests, 
which are very extensive. In 1911 he was made managing director of the 
Westminster Trust Company, in which capacity he is now serving. Earnest, 
able, conscientious, shrewd and progressive, he has done much toward pro- 
moting and extending the interests of this financial institution whose late 
growth has been largely due to his able direction. His long and extensive 
experience along various lines and his insight into human nature and the 
springs of human conduct enable him to judge conditions and situations correctly 
and there is practically no error which could be laid at his door as regards 




JOHN J. JONES 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 147 

the administration of the bank's affairs. Careful and conservative in directing 
the investments of the institution, he is ever watchful of the interests of his 
depositors, while on the other hand he shows a progressive tendency in extending 
credit to new worthy industrial enterprises which may contribute to the growth 
of the city. There is no detail of operation in his business which he does not 
consider worthy of his attention and he is ever ready to receive suggestions 
from even the humblest of his employes, while his office is as accessible to 
debtor as it is to creditor. 

As is but natural, the aid and assistance of Mr. Jones have been solicited 
along other lines and he has also made judicious investments in such directions, 
helping along new industries and extending public facilities to new or strug- 
gling municipalities. He is president and managing director of the Elk Creek 
Water Company at Chilliwack and holds the same positions in regard to the 
Okanagan Telephone Company. 

The home life of Mr. and Mrs. Jones is an ideal one and both of them are 
ever active in promoting worthy enterprises which will be of permanent value 
to their city. Both are members of the Church of England and for the past 
fourteen years Mr. Jones has been warden of the cathedral here. Mr. and 
Mrs. Jones have five children: Mary Elizabeth, the widow of the late W. H. 
Edmonds, formerly registrar of Kamloops; Elizabeth Catherine, at home; 
Jane Ann, who married Sydney C. Burton, manager of the Kamloops Trust 
Company of Kamloops ; Hugh L. ; and Frederick Edwin, who in connection 
with the Loyal Order of Moose holds the position of secretary. 

As member of the Westminster Club, Mr. Jones finds occasion to cooperate 
with those men who are ever considerate of the future of the city. Progress 
is his watchword and he does apply it not only to his private interests but 
as eagerly takes up any measure that may benefit the public welfare if it 
promises to be of permanent value. His success lies not so much in the powerful 
position which he has attained as one of the wealthy men of New Westmin- 
ster but in the beneficial effect his actions and his success have had and yet 
have upon the growth of the city. From that point of view his life proves 
of the greatest value and his actions highly merit the esteem, respect and confi- 
dence which are readily conceded to one whose loyalty to general interests may 
be said to be proverbial. 



JOSEPH EDWARD GAYNOR. 

It has often been said that death loves a shining mark, and the truth of xms 
adage found verification when Joseph Edward Gaynor was suddenly called 
away. The news of his demise was a shock to all New Westminster, where he 
engaged in the practice of law and later occupied the position of registrar. He 
was born in January, 1862, at Tullywood, near Moate, West Meath, Ireland, 
where his father was a large landowner. The father is now deceased but the 
mother still survives. The son was educated by private tutors and in Dublin 
University, and following the completion of his studies he sought the opportuni- 
ties of the new world, making his way direct to New Westminster, after crossing 
the Atlantic in 1888. Having qualified for the bar, he here entered upon the 
practice of law, becoming a member of the law firm of Armstrong, Extine & 
Gaynor. After following his profession for some time, however, he ceased to 
practice in order to accept the position of registrar at New Westminster, to 
which he had been appointed. He continued to serve in that office most accept- 
ably to the time of his death, which occurred while he was on his way home to 
his little family on the 5th of June, 1900. He was a man of excellent ability 
and great promise. He had been the gold medalist of his class and his native 
powers and talents were being developed along lines that promised to make his 
life one of great usefulness. 



148 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

It was on the 4th of May, 1891, that Mr. Gaynor had married Miss Florence 
Mary O'Connor, a daughter of Dr. Morris and Minnie O'Connor, of Ontario. 
They became the parents of four children : George Charles, who is studying for 
the medical profession in Dublin ; Maurice, who is at Bangie in the Malay states, 
in charge of a rubber plantation ; Gertrude in school at New Westminster ; and 
John, who died in infancy. Mr. Gaynor was a Catholic in religious belief and 
was a member of the New Westminster Club. His sudden death ended what 
promised to be a brilliant career. He was highly respected and died just as his 
worth was being recognized, for he was still a young man when called to his 
final rest. He was devoted to his family, was faithful in friendship and loyal 
in citizenship, and his many good qualities had gained for him the esteem, confi- 
dence and respect of all who knew him. 



DONALD MALCOLM STEWART. 

One of the foremost men of Vancouver, prominent in business as well as 
in the semi-public life of the city and deeply interested in a number of charitable 
institutions, one whose life has been of real value to his city, is Donald Mal- 
colm Stewart, proprietor of the Pioneer Steam Laundry, one of the most mod- 
ern and best equipped enterprises of this kind in the province. Mr. Stewart is 
a native of Glengarry county, Ontario, where he was born March i, 1862, a son 
of Norman and Annie (McKercher) Stewart, the former of Scotch extraction. 
The father was a member of a large family which emigrated from the isle of 
Skye, Scotland, to Ontario, where they became pioneers. 

Donald Malcolm Stewart acquired a public-school education in his native 
province and upon laying aside his text-books became a clerk in a general store 
at Dunvegan, Ontario, there serving an apprenticeship of two and a half years, 
until 1886. He then went to Vankleek Hill, Ontario, clerking for a time. His next 
place of abode and field of work was St. Thomas, that province, where for eight- 
een months he was in the employ of Stacy & Son, hardware merchants. Coming 
to British Columbia in 1889 he left shortly afterwards for Seattle, Washington, 
where he was connected with a laundry for one and a half years, becoming 
acquainted with business methods and the details of operation. In March, 1892, 
he again crossed the border to British Columbia and came to Vancouver, pur- 
chasing his present business which had been established in 1890. Since taking 
charge of the enterprise rapid advancement has been made, its healthy growth 
being largely due to the progressive methods and innate business ability of Mr. 
Stewart. The laundry, which occupies a fireproof building, is equipped with 
the Jatest machinery, which assures its patrons the highest class of work while 
the processes of operation are such as to guarantee least harm to the goods 
intrusted to its care. An idea as to the extent of their business is given in the 
fact that thirty delivery wagons are needed continuously in the delivery of their 
goods. 

The marriage of Mr. Stewart to Miss Mary E. Brown, a daughter of J. T. 
and Elizabeth Brown, occurred on June 17, 1896. Her father was for many years 
a license inspector in Vancouver, coming originally to this city from Scarborough, 
Ontario. Mr. and Mrs. Stewart have three children, Norman, Donald and Isabel. 

For many years Mr. Stewart has actively participated in the public life of his 
adopted city and from 1903 until 1908 gave official service as alderman of Van- 
couver. His political affiliations are with the liberal party, the candidates of 
which he stanchly supports. He is a member and an elder of St. Andrews Pres- 
byterian church and is deeply interested in its work. For one term he served as 
chairman of the house committee of the Vancouver General Hospital, and has 
been for five years and is at present vice president of the board of Alexander 
Orphanage, these two latter connections giving evidence of his deep love for man- 
kind, to whom he always stands ready to extend a helping hand when in need 




DONALD M. STEWART 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 151 

or distress. He is also president of the board of the City Central Mission, an 
organization founded for the purpose of furnishing beds to the downtrodden and 
poverty-stricken and assisting them to useful positions in life. Fraternally he 
is a member of Mount Hermon Lodge, A. F. & A. M., of Vancouver, and of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, exemplifying the brotherly spirit of 
these lodges in his daily life. He has no club associations in a social sense, rind- 
ing his truest happiness at his own fireside. Every force that goes forth to make 
Vancouver an ideal city, every opportunity to raise its intellectual and moral 
standard, receives the indorsement of Mr. Stewart, who seeks his truest success 
not only in promoting his individual prosperity but in contributing towards the 
general welfare. His sterling qualities are such as ever command the respect, 
confidence and good-will of all with whom he comes in contact and as the years 
have passed he has become intrenched in the affection of the general public. 



FREDERICK JOSEPH LYNCH. 

One of the most popular and widely known men in British Columbia is Fred- 
erick Joseph Lynch, who for the past ten years has been engaged as cigar manu- 
facturer in New Westminster and has built up a business of far-reaching propor- 
tions. His trade extends practically all over the province and his business has 
increased from year to year, assuring him of a substantial income. Moreover, 
he has been connected in various other ways with the community life and has 
been an important factor in promoting progress and advancement. Born in 
Peterboro, Ontario, on December 31, 1877, he is a son of James and Mary 
(Haban) Lynch, both natives of Bedford, Pennsylvania. They removed to 
Peterboro, Ontario, with their respective parents when both were yet in their 
teens, and in the latter city they were married, the father there engaging in the 
timber business, being associated with Theodore Ludgate, now of Vancouver. 
He was accidentally killed in 1882, while superintending some work at the timber 
camps. The mother is still living and makes her home in Peterboro. She 
reared a family of eight children after her husband's demise and has had the 
satisfaction of seeing all of them attain to substantial positions. 

Frederick J. Lynch was educated in the public schools of Peterboro and at 
St. Michael's College of Toronto. In 1893 ne removed to Rochester, New York, 
where he spent three years but subsequently returned to Peterboro, where he was 
employed in the clothing business until 1898, when he sought the greater oppor- 
tunities of the west, coming to Nelson, British Columbia. At that point he 
entered the service of the Hudson's Bay Company, making shortly after his 
arrival an extended trip with the Nelson team to the various coast cities, and 
after his return to Nelson came to New Westminster, accepting a position with 
the British Columbia Cigar Manufacturing Company, representing this concern 
on the road for three years. At the end of that period, in 1903, he engaged in 
the manufacture of cigars and in the intervening ten years has built up one of 
the largest cigar manufacturing enterprises in British Columbia. A man of 
shrewd judgment, remarkable business ability and a genial and pleasant person- 
ality, he is widely known throughout the province, his trade connections extend- 
ing to the remotest part of British Columbia. 

In 1905 Mr. Lynch was united in marriage to Miss Levina Bilodeau, a native 
of New Westminster and a daughter of Peter O. Bilodeau, the popular and well 
known proprietor of the Windsor Hotel. Mr. and Mrs. Lynch have three chil- 
dren : Frances, Frederick and Roy. 

Although his business interests are large, Mr. Lynch has always found time 
to devote to other matters which round out his life and make his activities of 
importance in various connections. He is now serving in his third term as a 
member of the board of aldermen of New Westminster and during his service 
has done important work in constructive municipal legislation, promoting many 



152 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

measures which have turned out to be of utmost benefit to the city. He believes 
that play takes as important a part in man's life as does his work, as one is 
needed to supplement the other, and is well and widely known as one of the 
foremost sportsmen in the province, taking a deep interest in all clean athletics. 
For ten years he played on the New Westminster lacrosse team and managed the 
team for one year when it held the world's championship. In the last nine years 
they have lost this honor but one year. While Mr. Lynch held membership in 
this organization he made two trips to the east and each time the team returned 
undefeated, the nearest of being loser coming about when a draw game was 
played with Toronto. Mr. Lynch is also very prominent in the Order of Eagles, 
being a member of New Westminster Aerie, No. 20. He was elected at the 
convention held in St. Louis, in 1910, deputy grand worthy president of western 
Canada and in 1909 was elected to represent his home lodge at the grand lodge. 
The following year he was chosen to represent the grand lodge in western Canada. 
Moreover, Mr. Lynch is a member of the Westminster Club, taking active part 
in all movements promoted by that organization in the interest of further expan- 
sion along commercial and moral lines. He is justly accounted one of the leading 
men of his city, and while he has attained personal prosperity which none can 
begrudge him, is a serviceable factor in the growth of the city, which has no 
more loyal advocate than Frederick Joseph Lynch. 



FREDERICK BERNARD PEMBERTON. 

A power of initiative, an enterprising and progressive spirit, an instinct 
for seizing and utilizing present opportunity have been the dominating elements 
in the success of Frederick Bernard Pemberton, capitalist and man of affairs, 
whose resultant activities have influenced the financial and general business 
growth of Victoria for the past quarter of a century. The city numbers him 
among her successful and prominent native sons, for his birth occurred here 
April 26, 1865, his parents being Joseph D. and Theresa J. D. Pemberton, the 
former one of the early settlers in Victoria, having come to the city as surveyor 
general for the Hudson's Bay Company. 

Mr. Pemberton was sent to England to be educated and there, after com- 
pleting the usual public-school course, he entered University College, London, 
from which he was graduated in 1885. He then returned to Canada, coming 
immediately to his home in Victoria, where two years later he began his in- 
dependent business career, becoming interested in dealing in real estate and 
in promoting important financial projects. In these and allied lines of activity 
he has since been interested, and, being a resourceful, far-sighted and discrimin- 
ating financier, he has been carried forward into important business relations, 
his name standing in Victoria for competence, for reliability, for business 
foresight and for well timed business aggressiveness. He today controls one 
of the largest real-estate and investment concerns in the city, his offices giving 
employment to from eighteen to twenty persons, and he handles a great deal 
of valuable property, his judgment on questions of land values being considered 
practically infallible. He has made some very judicious private investments 
and today is a large holder of city realty. Through investment or official service 
he is connected with a number of the important enterprises in Victoria, being a 
director in the Victoria Theater and in other local corporations. All of his 
business interests are carefully conducted along practical and conservative lines 
and success has naturally followed, his business achievements placing him among 
the leaders in the city's financial and commercial upbuilding. 

In Toronto, Ontario, in 1893 Mr. Pemberton was united in marriage to 
Miss Mary Ann Dupont Bell, a daughter of P. W. and E. S. Bell, the former 
of whom was connected with the Hudson's Bay Company all during his active 
life, acting as chief factor in a number of places. Mr. and Mrs. Pemberton 




FREDERICK B. 1'EMBERTON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 155 

have six children : Frederick Despard, Warren Colclough, Armine Morris, 
Philippa Despard, Mab Ahearn and Francis John Dupont. The family is well 
known in social circles of the city and the home is a center of hospitality for 
many friends. 

Mr. Pemberton belongs to the Union and the Pacific Clubs and is prom- 
inent in the affairs of the Native Sons of British Columbia. He is president 
of the Victoria Hunt Club and he also holds membership in the British Colum- 
bia Land Surveyors. Eminently progressive and public-spirited in matters of 
citizenship, he is always ready to cooperate in movements for the community 
advancement and progress and he has done a great deal to promote develop- 
ment through official service and through identifying himself with progressive 
public and semi-public measures and movements. He is one of the councillors 
of Oak Bay and he has held this office for several years, proving an efficient, 
capable and far-sighted public servant. For several years past he has been 
connected with the Provincial Royal Jubilee Hospital as president of the board, 
and his interests though varied are alike in this that he identifies himself with 
nothing which does not make for improvement in standards of citizenship, for 
progress in business or for the betterment or amelioration of existing conditions. 
After recounting the things he has accomplished and the variety and importance 
of the movements to which he 'has lent his aid and support it is perhaps super- 
fluous to add that he is one of the city's most tireless men of affairs, modern 
in his views, progressive in his standards, telling in action a native son whose 
life record is a credit to the community in which he has always lived. 



RUSSELL HARRY PALMER. 

Russell Harry Palmer, of Palmer Brothers & Henning, contractors, whose 
work, of a most important character, places them in a notable position in their 
field of labor, was born at Prince Edward Island, on the 31 st of December, 1866, 
a son of Donald W. and Jean Palmer. The father was a merchant and farmer 
of Prince Edward Island, and both are now deceased. The son attended the 
public schools and afterward St. Peters Boys School at Charlottetown, Prince 
Edward Island. The year 1889 witnessed Mr. Palmer's arrival in Vancouver, 
although he remained but a short time, going from this city to Seattle, Wash- 
ington, where he engaged in railroad construction and in merchandising until 
1897. At the time of the discovery of gold and consequent excitement in the 
Yukon country he went to Dawson, where he carried on merchandising and 
mining, continuing a resident of that district until 1905, in which year he again 
came to Vancouver, where he engaged in the contracting business. The firm 
of Palmer Brothers & Henning is accorded a liberal patronage and their work 
has been of an important character. Mr. Palmer is familiar with the great 
scientific principles which underlie construction as well as with all the practical 
phases and details of the business, and as the years have gone by is developing 
powers have brought him to a prominent position. He is likewise the. secretary 
of the Palmer Land Investment Company, an American corporation located at 
Everett, Washington. Among the many notable contracts executed by Palmer 
Brothers & Henning was the building of the grade for the British Columbia 
Electric Railroad into Chilwack. The company were also builders of the Con- 
naught bridge, also called the Cambie Street bridge, which was solemnly dedicated 
and opened to traffic by the Duke of Connaught on his visit to Vancouver in 1912. 
This bridge is three-quarters of a mile long and its construction was a remark- 
able piece of engineering. It is built of concrete and steel throughout. The 
company has also had several important contracts for street paving and sewers, 
putting in the first unit of the Lea system of sewerage in Vancouver. They built 
the grade of the Canadian Northern Railroad between Hope and Yale and are 



156 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

now engaged in the execution of a contract at Yellowhead Pass, also known as 
Tete Jaune Cache. 

Mr. Palmer married Miss Claude Dalton, now deceased, and there are two 
sons, Russell A. and Donald D., attending school. Mr. Palmer is an Odd Fellow 
and also holds membership with the Knights of Pythias, the Modern Woodmen, 
the Arctic Brotherhood and the Terminal City Club. His religious belief is that 
of the Episcopalian church. He is fond of baseball, which constitutes one of the 
sources of his recreation and relieves him of the strain of an arduous growing 
business, maintaining that even balance which is so necessary as a forceful 
factor in the attainment of success. 



JOSEPH ANDREW GODDARD. 

Joseph Andrew Goddard is actively connected with the wholesale fruit and 
commission business in Vancouver as senior partner of the firm of Goddard & 
Witter. A typical spirit of enterprise and progress such as has been the domi- 
nant factor in the upbuilding of the northwest has manifested itself in his busi- 
ness activities, resulting in his continuous advancement in commercial circles. 
He was born in Toronto, Ontario, March n, 1880, and is a son of Andrew and 
Sarah Goddard, the former for a number of years an engineer on the Canadian 
Pacific Railroad. With the removal of the family to the west Joseph Andrew 
Goddard became a pupil in the public schools of British Columbia but afterward 
returned to the east and attended the Canada Business College at Hamilton, 
Ontario. On his return to Vancouver, after the completion of his college 
course, he was employed by F. R. Stewart & Company, wholesale commission 
merchants, with whom he remained for about eight years, acquainting himself 
with every phase of the business and gaining valuable knowledge and experience 
that qualified him for the conduct of his individual interests at a later day. In 
1908 he started in business on his own account, forming a partnership with J. W. 
Little, under the firm name of Goddard & Little, which continued until the death 
of Mr. Little in October, 1912, after which H. J. Witter was admitted to a 
partnership under the firm style of Goddard & Witter, which still continues. To 
some extent Mr. Goddard has invested in real estate but his attention is largely 
concentrated upon his wholesale fruit and commission interests, in which con- 
nection his trade is constantly growing, resulting from his enterprise, diligence, 
clear application and reliable business methods. 

On the I4th of October, 1909, in Toronto, Ontario, Mr. Goddard was united 
in marriage to Miss Mary E. Pargeter, a daughter of James and Helen Pargeter, 
and they have one son, James Andrew. The parents hold membership in St. 
Mark's church and Mr. Goddard belongs also to the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, while his political allegiance is given to the conservative party. He 
takes little active interest in politics, however, aside from exercising his right of 
franchise, preferring to concentrate his energies upon his business affairs, with 
the result that industry, wise direction and executive control are winning for 
him growing prosperity. 



CHARLES GEORGE MAJOR. 

All honor is due to the pioneer settlers who, penetrating into the western 
wilderness in order to enjoy the natural resources of the country and establish 
homes, laid the foundation for the present prosperity and greatness of the province. 
Of this class Charles George Major of New Westminster is a representative. 
His name, however, figures in connection with historic events in various sec- 







CHARLES G. MAJOE 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 159 

tions and he relates many interesting incidents of the early days and of pioneer 
conditions as well as of later-day progress. More than a half century has come 
and gone since he arrived in New Westminster and traveled with pack animals 
through the mountains from the mines to the market. There was at that time 
little to break the silence which brooded over the country between camp and 
settlement and little indication that this district was soon to become a populous 
and prosperous region. His youth had been passed in the east but in early man- 
hood he arrived in British Columbia, which has since been the scene of his labors. 
His birth occurred in Ontario, in 1839, his parents being Richard and A. M. 
(Johnson) Major, both of whom were natives of England. Attracted by the op- 
portunities of the new world, they crossed the Atlantic to America in 1830 and 
took tip their abode upon a tract of land five miles from Sarnia, Ontario. The 
father followed both farming and blacksmithing and a life of intense and well 
directed activity brought him a substantial measure of success. Both he and his 
wife were members of the Church of England and their lives were in consistent 
harmony with their professions. The father died at the age of forty-nine years, 
while the mother, long surviving him, reached the age of seventy-six. Their 
family numbered eight children, of whom only two are now living. 

At the usual age Charles G. Major entered the public schools, which af- 
forded him his entire educational opportunities save that in the school of ex- 
perience he has learned many valuable lessons. He was quite young when he 
began earning his own living and he has justly won the right to be called a self- 
made man. For four years he was an apprentice in a dry-goods business under 
the late Hon. John Robson and his brother. His contract called for forty 
dollars in compensation for his first year's service, sixty dollars for the sec- 
ond and one hundred dollars for the third year, in addition to his board, but his 
employers recognized the fact that his unfaltering industry, his close application 
and his thorough reliability merited a higher wage, which was accordingly 
given him. In fact, the year following the completion of his apprenticeship 
brought him a larger salary than that of any other clerk in the store. With the 
discovery of gold along the Eraser river in 1858 attention was drawn to this section 
of the country and many men, young and old, flocked to the west, hoping to 
rapidly win a fortune in search for the precious metal. Mr. Major was among 
the number and on the 1st of June, 1859, reached New Westminster, coming 
here by way of the isthmus of Panama. In 1860, in company with the late Hon. 
John Robson, he cleared a great part of the New Westminster townsite. Two 
years later, or in 1862, he went to the Cariboo mines, remaining in that district 
during the years 1862-3-4. He was employed by the express company, traveling 
with 'pack horses, which carried gold to the markets, and in March, 1864, drove 
the first four-horse stage through the canyons on the Yale-Cariboo road. In 
1864 he returned to New Westminster, where he embarked in merchandising 
in connection with John S. Clute, and when his partner left British Columbia for 
Missouri in 1870 Mr. Major became sole proprietor of the business and so con- 
tinued until 1887, when he retired from merchandising and invested his capital 
in real estate. His operations in that field have proven very profitable, for 
his purchases have been judiciously made, after which he has awaited favorable 
opportunity for sale. Before it was known that Vancouver was to be the 
terminus of the Canadian Pacific Railroad Mr. Major purchased considerable 
real estate there and the rapid growth of the city has been the source of its con- 
tinuous rise in value. He sold muc.h property there at a very gratifying figure 
and he still owns considerable real estate in Vancouver as well as in New West- 
minster. He makes insurance a branch of his business and besides he is the 
government administrator for the district of New Westminster, extending as far 
as North Bend. Among other interests Mr. Major is a director of the New West- 
minster & Southern Railroad and of the Canadian Pacific Lumber Company. His 
judgment in business matters is sound, his discrimination, keen and his enterprise 
unfaltering, and thus he has advanced year by year until his position in business 

circles is a most creditable one. 
voi ni e 



160 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

Mr. Major was married in 1867 to Miss Mary Elizabeth Clarkson, a daugh- 
ter of William Clarkson, a pioneer settler of this province, and a sister of Mrs. 
J. S. Clute and Mrs. John C. Brown, pioneer women of British Columbia. Mr. 
and Mrs. Major became the parents of four children : Edith Eleanor, the wife of 
Thomas Robson Pearson; Mildred Jane, who married John A. Lee; Harry Clark- 
son; and Frank. In 1903 Mr. Major was called upon to mourn the loss of his 
wife, whose death was also deeply deplored by her many friends. Her salient 
characteristics were such as endeared her to 'all with whom she came in contact, 
for she was charitable in her opinions, kindly in action and generous in spirit. 
She was a faithful member of the Methodist church, to which Mr. Major also 
belongs and in which he has been an active working member and officer for half 
a century. 

Mr. Major is a charter member of the Board of Trade of New Westminster 
and in that connection has done far-reaching and beneficial work toward opening 
new channels of commercial expansion. For the past thirty-five years he has 
been a member of the Vancouver Pilot Board, doing much toward improving ship- 
ping facilities and creating a safe system of pilotage for the port. He served for 
a number of years as a member of the city council of New Westminster, ever giv- 
ing his support to progressive measures such as were the foundation upon which 
the present greatness of the city rests. He has also held for twenty years the 
position of justice of the peace. His love toward mankind and his compassion 
with the unfortunate or those afflicted with illness is ever present with him 
and expressed in a visible way by the diligent and effective work which he accom- 
plishes as a member of the board of the^ Royal City Hospital. 

His life has been actuated by high and honorable principles and he has never 
deviated from a course that he has believed to be right in all of his relations with 
his fellowmen. He values his own self-respect more than wealth, fame or posi- 
tion and the merited regard of his fellowmen is more to him than political advance- 
ment or honors. 



CHARLES CAIR KNIGHT. 

Charles Cair Knight is the president and general manager of the Western 
Pacific Development Company, Ltd., of Vancouver. In this connection his efforts 
are an element in general progress and upbuilding in the province. His ability in 
business affairs is widely acknowledged and his enterprise is continually opening 
before him broader fields of activity and usefulness. He was born at St. John's 
Newfoundland, in November, 1871, a son of Allan C. and Jessie E. (Facey) 
Knight, also natives of Newfoundland. After acquiring his education in the 
schools of his native city, Charles C. Knight became connected with general mer- 
chandising as a representative of the firm of Ayre & Sons, of St. John's with whom 
he remained for seven years. He then joined the St. John's branch of the Glas- 
gow firm of J. & W. Stewart, with whom he remained for a little more than a 
year. In 1894 he went west to Montreal and joined the staff of the head office of 
the Sun Life Insurance Company, remaining there for four years. He was then 
appointed cashier of the company, but before assuming the duties of that office 
was tendered the field management for the province of Quebec and was stationed 
at Sherbrooke, Quebec. 

On the expiration of that period Mr. Knight came to the west and opened the 
work for the company in the province of Saskatchewan, with the head provincial 
office at Regina. He also established many branch offices in the province and 
continued in charge there for nearly four years. In the spring of 1909 he came 
to Vancouver .and organized the Western Pacific Development Company, Ltd., 
with a capital of five hundred thousand dollars. In the spring of 1911 he suc- 
ceeded their first president, E. W. MacLean, Esq., as president and general 
manager. This company deals in the natural resources of the western provinces 




CHAELES C. KNIGHT 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 163 

in the lands, the timber, the mines and in the investments which are based upon 
these natural resources, including stocks, bonds, mortgages and business and 
residential property. They also have a permanent branch office in London, Eng- 
land. Well devised plans constitute the basis upon which has been builded the 
success of the company. The superstructure has been constructed of energy, 
determination and a thorough understanding of conditions and resources in the 
west. Mr. Knight is a man of indomitable industry and gradually has worked his 
way upward until he ranks today with the leading business men of Vancouver. 
In Montreal, in 1895, occurred the marriage of Mr. Knight and Miss Florence 
R. Spence and they have one daughter, Elsie Florence. Mr. and Mrs. Knight 
are members of the Grand View Methodist church, in the work of which they 
take a most active and helpful part. Mr. Knight is serving on the quarterly board, 
the board of trustees and is superintendent of the Sunday school. His wife also 
has a class in the Sunday school and she is a provincial officer in the Woman's 
Mission Society, and also in the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. Both 
take an active interest in promoting all those offices which contribute to moral prog- 
ress and to the upbuilding of the individual, and their influence is of no restricted 
order. Mr. Knight is also well known in political circles as a supporter of the 
liberal party. He contested the constituency of Sherbrooke for the Dominion 
parliament, but was defeated by a small majority. While in Saskatchewan he 
was president of the Regina Liberal Association. He is a member of the Com- 
mercial and Progress Clubs and of the Young Men's Christian Association. He 
regards business as but a single phase of life and not as the end and aim of exist- 
ence, ever finding time to devote to public affairs of moment, his labors being an 
element in progress, and his practical efforts resulting in the attainment of high 
ideals. 



EDGAR H. BUCKLIN. 

The term captain of industry finds its justification in the life record of Edgar 
H. Bucklin, a man who by the sheer force of his will, his ability, his foresight 
and his initiative has built up a mammoth enterprise which has been one of the 
chief foundations upon which rests New Westminster's industrial greatness. 
Capable of judging his own capacities and the people and circumstances that 
make up his life contacts and experiences, he is preeminently a man of business 
sense, easily avoiding the mistakes and disasters that come to those who, although 
possessing remarkable faculties in some respects, are liable to erratic movements 
that result in unwarranted risk and failure. Possessing sufficient courage to 
venture where favoring opportunities lead the way, his judgment and energy have 
carried him forward to notable success, a success which is represented by the 
important position he occupies in the business life of the province as president 
and manager of The Small & Bucklin Lumber Company, Ltd., manufacturers of 
fir, cedar and spruce. The enterprise furnishes employment to about two hun- 
dred and fifty men and its annual output averages twenty million feet of lumber. 
The company owns and controls about thirty thousand acres of land, and the 
quantity of timber available is estimated at one billion feet. These statements 
give but an indication of the importance of the business transacted and its effect 
upon the general growth and advancement of the province and city. 

Edgar H. Bucklin was born April 6, 1860, in Illinois, and is a son of George F. 
and Esther Jane (Hammond) Bucklin, both deceased. The former was well 
known in the industrial life of New Hampshire, in which state he was engaged 
as a pail and lumber manufacturer. Both parents were of English ancestry. The 
father, in 1849, made his way to California with the host of gold seekers in 
company with a Mr. Holbrook, a member of the firm of Holbrook, Merrill & 
Stetson, of San Francisco, but subsequently returned eastward, locating in 
Swanzey, New Hampshire, where he engaged in the manufacture of wooden pails 



164 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

and lumber. The mother, who before her marriage was Miss Esther Jane Ham- 
mond, was born March 17, 1838, and comes of a long line of distinguished 
ancestors who gained fame in military service. Colonel Allan Hammond, her 
father, was successively commissioned captain, major and colonel and the papers 
of these commissions have been in the family for over one hundred years. 
The earliest information in regard to the name of Hammond dates back about 
three hundred and fifty years to Thomas Hammond, of Tavenham, in the county 
of Suffolk, England, who was born about 1550. Other members of the family 
later made historic records both in civil and military life. On September 14, 
1645, Oliver Cromwell, the lord protector, made an honorable mention of the 
military achievements of Colonel Robert Hammond, speaking of the important 
services which the latter rendered in the English army. This Colonel Robert 
Hammond in 1647 was governor of the Isle of Wight. Another Thomas Ham- 
mond, aide of Colonel Robert Hammond, became later lieutenant general of 
ordnance and also sat as the king's judge, being in good repute with King 
Charles I. In a letter from Oliver Cromwell to Robert Hammond, dated April 6, 
1648, the lord protector expresses himself highly satisfied with the labors which 
the Colonel had performed and in a half humorous way informs him that his 
services at the rate of ten pounds per week are closed but that he is reengaged at 
the rate of twenty pounds and that a salary of one thousand pounds per annum 
is given him. Oliver Cromwell also informs Mr. Hammond that an order has 
been given to Mr. Lilse to draw up an ordinance providing for five hundred 
pounds per year to be settled upon him and his heirs. In taking into considera- 
tion the much greater value of money at that time, it is evident from these 
figures that the services of Colonel Hammond must have been of an extraordi- 
narily valuable kind. Senator James Bucklin, of Colorado, who now makes his 
home at Grand Junction, that state, is an uncle of our subject, and was one of 
those appointed to investigate the Australian ballot, which on his recommendation 
was adopted. It was also interesting to record that all the characters in the play 
"The Old Homestead," by Denman Thompson, are members of the Bucklin 
family and relatives of our subject, and Otis Whitcomb, the leading character 
in the play, is portraited after his cousin. 

Edgar H. Bucklin enjoyed the advantages of a thorough and specialized 
education and preparing in 1877 at Buchtel College of Akron, Ohio, he graduated 
in 1882 from the College of Law of Chicago University. For several years he 
was a member of the Cook county (111.) bar, practicing in Chicago as a partner of 
the firm of Hutchinson & Partridge. He engaged later in the manufacture of salt, 
building plants in Warsaw, Pavilion and Ithaca, New York, and Hutchinson, 
Kansas, having a combined capacity of eighteen hundred barrels per day. 
These various concerns were known as the Hawley Salt Company of Warsaw, 
the Ithaca Salt Company of Ithaca and the Pavilion Salt Company of Pavilion, 
all of New York, and the Wyoming Salt Company of Hutchinson, Kansas, the 
first enterprise of that kind in the state. All of these factories were subsequently, 
in 1899, purchased by the National Salt Company. While residing in New 
York Mr. Bucklin also took interest in affairs of public importance and was 
chosen as member of the committee to advocate a barge canal throughout the 
state before the governor and the legislature; also serving as member of the 
board of health at Ithaca. 

The year 1903 marks the advent of Mr. Bucklin in British Columbia, where 
he engaged in the lumber industry, being instrumental in forming The Small & 
Bucklin Lumber Company, Ltd., which is largely composed of his former asso- 
ciates in the salt manufacturing business. Mr. Bucklin is one of the principal 
owners of this concern and president and manager, and such is his success that 
his methods are of interest to the commercial world. He also is Canadian 
director of the Lumbermen's Indemnity Exchange of Seattle. Washington, a 
lumbermen's mutual insurance company, with one hundred and sixty members, 
carrying the insurance of the principal lumber plants in California, Oregon, Wash- 
ington, Idaho and British Columbia. In 1904, after acquiring about thirty thou- 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 165 

sand acres of timber land, the available quantity being about one billion feet, Mr. 
Bucklin selected a site for a "sawmill in New Westminster, on Dock Square, 
which was then a swamp. He immediately began there the erection of the 
present plant of The Small & Bucklin Lumber Company, which in their mill and 
camps now employ about two hundred and fifty men, with an annual pay roll 
of about two hundred thousand dollars, cutting about twenty million feet of 
lumber per year. 

In 1882 Air. Bucklin married Miss Carrie H. Hawley, of Warsaw, New York, 
and their children are Waldo F. H., Esther H. and Lucy H. The son is now 
ably assisting his father in his extensive business interests, holding the position 
of secretary-treasurer of The Small & Bucklin Lumber Company and also acting 
as assistant manager. The fraternal affiliations of Mr. Bucklin are confined to 
the Masons, in which order he holds membership with Ithaca Lodge, A. F. & 
A. M., of Ithaca, New York. 

Every force that has gone to make New Westminster an ideal city, every 
movement for its commercial expansion, every effort to uphold its intellectual 
and moral standards has received the indorsement of Mr. Bucklin, all of whose 
actions bespeak a sincerely purposeful, public-spirited citizenship. To make his 
native talents subserve the demands of the social and business conditions of the 
day is the ambition of his life and the ultimate purpose of his work and he 
stands today as a splendid representative of the business man to whom personal 
prosperity is but one aim, secondary in importance to the public growth and 
development and less vital than many other elements which go to make up 
human existence. 



WILLIAM THOMPSON HUNTER. 

A valuable element was added to the productive enterprise of Vancouver in 
the establishment of the Empress Manufacturing Company, Ltd., of which Wil- 
liam Thompson Hunter is president. He belongs to that class of representative 
men whose success is attributable to their own labors, for since leaving school 
and starting out in life practically empty-handed, he has gradually worked his 
way upward and is now at the head of one of the important business interests of 
Vancouver. He was born in Woodstock, Ontario, November 27, 1860, and is a 
son of John B. and Deborah Hunter, the former of Scotch and the latter of 
English descent. Both are deceased. 

In the public and high schools of his native city William Thompson Hunter 
pursued his education and on leaving school went to the United States, where 
he was engaged in merchandising from 1883 until 1898. He was also connected 
with agricultural interests at Wheatland, North Dakota, and through the careful 
direction of his farming and commercial interests met with substantial success. 
In 1898 he arrived in British Columbia and followed general merchandising in 
Greenwood for eleven years or until 1909, when he sought the broader field of 
labor offered in Vancouver and came to this city. Here he purchased the 
Empress Manufacturing Company, Ltd., of which he has since been the president. 
This company are importers of tea, coffee and spices and are also extensively 
engaged in the manufacture of jams, jellies, jelly powders, extracts, pickles, 
sauces, catsup, etc. The business has grown continuously from the outset, owing 
to the excellence of its products, its reliable business methods and the promptness 
with which orders are filled. Its trade relations are reaching out along ramifying 
lines and the business of the house now covers a wide territory. 

In 1881, in Fargo, North Dakota, Mr. Hunter was united in marriage to Miss 
Elizabeth Anderson, a daughter of Robert Anderson, and they have six sons, one 
of whom is now married. Mr. Hunter enjoys hunting as a recreation and when 
leisure allows indulges in that sport. He votes with the conservative party, is 
a believer in the faith of the Presbyterian church and is a member of the Ter- 



166 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

minal City Club. Public opinion places him with the representative business men 
and manufacturers of Vancouver and accords him the respect which is ever 
given those whose success has been honorably and worthily won. 



ARTHUR CANBY BRYDON JACK. 

An eminent representative of the profession which has ever been regarded as 
the conservator of human rights and liberty and the safeguard of organized gov- 
ernment, Arthur Canby Brydon Jack has practiced continuously in British Colum- 
bia since 1889. Other interests as well have profited by his activity and sound 
business judgment, his name being especially well known in financial circles. 
Mr. Brydon Jack was born at Fredericton, New Brunswick, September 10, 1864, 
a son of Dr. William and Caroline (Disbrow) Brydon Jack. The former, a native 
of Scotland, became a resident of New Brunswick in early manhood and figured 
prominently for many decades in connection with the educational progress of the 
province, being for forty years president of the University at Fredericton. He 
retired a few months prior to his death, which occurred in 1886 when he was 
sixty-seven years of age. His wife, who was descended from United Empire 
Loyalist ancestry, died at St. John in 1910. 

After attending the public schools of Fredericton, Arthur Canby Brydon Jack 
matriculated in the University of New Brunswick, from which he was graduated 

B. A. in 1883, while in 1884 he received the honorary degree of M. A. He also 
received a scholarship for leading his classes in mathematics and French. He 
then studied law at Fredericton and also spent a year in the Boston Law School. 
In 1888 he was called to the bar of New Brunswick and immediately afterward 
came to British Columbia. The following year, or in July, 1889, he was admitted 
in practice here and was an active representative of the bar at New Westminster 
until 1895, when he came to Vancouver, where he has since followed his pro- 
fession. For the past four years he has been associated with Mr. Woods under the 
name of Brydon Jack & Woods. Aside from his private practice, in the years 
1899 and 1900 he had charge of the prosecution of all criminal cases in Vancouver 
for the crown except the assizes trials. In 1903 he organized the Dominion Trust 
Company, which was incorporated in 1904 with a capital of twenty thousand dol- 
lars, and something of the success of this important financial enterprise is indi- 
cated by the fact that the present capital is five millions, of which two million, five 
hundred thousand dollars are fully subscribed and two millions paid up. Since the 
organization of this company Mr. Brydon Jack has been its solicitor. His 
brother, Dr. W. D. Brydon Jack, is vice president of the company and his nephew, 

C. B. Brydon Jack, is manager of the Vancouver office, which is the head office of 
this company. Branches, however, have been established in British Columbia, 
Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, London, England, and Antwerp, Belgium. 

His practice and his connection with the Dominion Trust Company do not 
comprise the extent of Mr. Brydon Jack's activities. Important as they are he 
finds opportunity for cooperation along other lines. He secured the charter for 
and is a life member of the Vancouver Exhibition Association, which was organ- 
ized in 1908 for the advancement of agricultural and horticultural interests in the 
county of Vancouver and now has two hundred and thirty life members and eight 
hundred annual members. It has been a potent force in accomplishing the object 
for which it was formed, stimulating ambition among the farmers and fruit- 
growers of the northwest. 

On the 3d of September, 1899, in Vancouver, Mr. Brydon Jack was married 
to Miss Vera H. Vaughan, a daughter of William Vaughan, who, now retired, is 
residing in Vancouver, but was formerly engaged in the ship-building business in 
New Brunswick. The two children of this marriage are Muriel and Vaughan, 
twins. Mr. Brydon Jack is a liberal in politics and has served on many committees 
of his party, seeking ever to promote its success and development, but he has never 




ARTHUR C. BRYDON JACK 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 169 

been a candidate for office. While in college he was most successful in athletics, 
winning many prizes at running and jumping. The principal source of his recre- 
ation now is motoring and yachting. He is prominent and popular in various 
clubs, holding membership in the Vancouver Auto, the Royal Vancouver Yacht, 
the Chess and the Press Clubs, and he is also a member of St. John's Presbyterian 
church. His life work in its various phases may be summed up in the term "suc- 
cessful accomplishment." He never stopped short of the achievement of his pur- 
pose, whether in the path of his profession, in his business affairs or in the projects 
for the public good, if the result could be achieved by persistent and honorable 
effort. With him to see an opportunity for advancement is to utilize it and thus 
he has reached the position which he now occupies as one of Vancouver's leading 
barristers. 



JAMES MACAULAY. 

The history of any country is but an epitome of the lives of the citizens who 
have made it. The influence of a life is felt, if not openly manifested, for 
generations after the life itself has ended. Indelibly imprinted on the business, 
civic and social growth of British Columbia is the progressive, stalwart character 
of the older business men, that intrepid band of hardy pioneers who bravely 
endured countless privations, carried civilization further westward and laid so 
well on the Pacific slope, the foundation of this, destined to be, greatest of the 
Canadian provinces. 

Of all the various nationalities represented in the cosmopolitan growth of 
British Columbia none has left its imprint for general good, beneficent laws and 
upright living, more clearly defined than has the sturdy Scot. Prominent among 
the latter is the family of which the subject of this sketch is the head. 

James Macaulay was born at Colombo, Ceylon, on the loth day of January, 
1853, a son of Daniel and Mary (McFarlane) Macaulay, residents of Glasgow, 
Scotland, to which city they later returned. The father died when James was 
but fourteen years of age and nine years later the mother passed from earth. 
They were the parents of two children. By the death of his father the imme- 
diate need of self-support was forced upon James Macaulay and he entered the em- 
ploy of Hewitt & Wingate, calico printers with whom he began learning the busi- 
ness of calico printing, beginning to work in December, 1867, at their Glasgow 
plant. His first compensation was but ten pounds per year, a sum quite in contrast 
with the pay of the youth of today. At the end of seven years, having proved 
proficient at the work, he was transferred to Manchester, England, where the 
company had a branch business. After some time in Manchester he left the 
employ of Hewitt & Wingate and became connected with the firm of George & 
R. Dewhurst, extensive manufacturers and exporters, and remained with them 
until August, 1882. On August loth of that year he sailed for the new world 
with a party of nine acquaintances. Landing at Montreal they came, via Detroit, 
Chicago and St. Paul, to Winnipeg. The little band of friends soon moved on 
to Brandon, Manitoba, where each took up a homestead some distance south of 
the town of Whitewood. Not long after arriving there Mr. Macaulay, with 
several others, formed a partnership to conduct a general merchandise business 
under the name of Charles Marshallsay & Company, but as the severe Manitoba 
weather had come on, they could not successfully start the business and, resolving 
to await the coming of spring, they returned to Brandon. 

The need of money was ever present and Mr. Macaulay, with his natural 
resourcefulness and keenness to see and grasp an opportunity, earned his first 
money in Canada by compiling and publishing a directory of Brandon, the first 
it had ever had. The venture was a success for the people welcomed the new 
publication and readily purchased it. A copy of this book is still in the posses- 
sion of Mr. Macaulay, there being few, if any, other copies in existence, and a 
glance at its pages shows many names of the then Brandon citizens who are 



170 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

today prominent business men of Vancouver. The following spring he returned 
to Whitewood where, with his partners, he established the general store and the 
business was successfully conducted until 1890. 

A series of bad years and general crop failures had fallen upon that section 
of Canada which prompted a desire to cross the mountains into the newer, milder 
and much talked of country of British Columbia and Mr. Macaulay reached 
Vancouver in 1890. Immediately after his arrival here he engaged in the whole- 
sale provision and general commission business in partnership with W. E. Knowl- 
er under the firm name of Knowler & Macaulay which association has con- 
tinued uninterruptedly to the present time. It may be remarked that this is the 
only firm in Vancouver, engaged in that line of business, that has, at this date, 
1913, been so long continued without change. The business changed in some 
details and enlarged, as the years went by, a feature dropped here and another 
added there until it has expanded into the big business of today. The firm 
became contractors for the Canadian Pacific Railway under the name of Knowler 
& Macaulay C. P. R. Boarding Masters and they supply the equipment and cooked 
foods for the maintenance of the gangs of laborers along the line of road. At 
the present time this branch of their business employs more than one hundred 
stewards and cooks. They maintain offices at Nelson and Revelstoke as well 
as at Vancouver. Of the original wholesale grocery and candy business there 
now remains but the agency for the wholesale handling and distribution for all 
of British Columbia of the high-class chocolates of Ganong Brothers, of St. 
Stephens, New Brunswick, in which small town the latter firm has a large factory. 

Mr. Macaulay was united in marriage at Cheshire, England, with Miss 
Catherine Higginbottom, a daughter of Bradford Higginbottom of the Stines 
Printing Company of England. Of this union but one child, a daughter, Dorothy, 
has been born. 

Mr. and Mrs. Macaulay have both been active in the upbuilding of British 
Columbia, not only along business lines, but as well in those things which have 
made for the social and physical uplift of the community and the advancement 
of art and science. Mrs. Macaulay has been an earnest and constant worker in 
the various women's societies of the province and Mr. Macaulay, while active 
with the affairs of business, has always extended his sympathy, encouragement 
and aid to the various causes in which she may have been laboring. The moan 
of the sick and the plaintive cry of the orphan always found a responsive chord 
in their hearts and Mrs. Macaulay may be mentioned as one of the founders of 
the Victorian Order of Nurses and the present president of that society, in the 
work of which she is ably assisted by her daughter, Dorothy. She has also been 
one of the directors of the Alexandra Orphanage since its inception. She is 
vice president of the National Council of Women for British Columbia, is greatly 
interested in the Needlework Guild and has been a member of the board of the 
Art Historical Society since its organization. 

Mr. Macaulay is a lover of home and home life. He belongs to no clubs, his 
evenings are spent by his own fireside with his loved ones. A member of the 
Congregational church, his influence has always been on the side of better morals, 
better laws and a better people. Such lives may be called successful for success 
is not measured alone by the balance of a ledger but by the example which lives 
and puts its imprint on the generations yet to be. 



THOMAS ELLIS LADNER. 

A detailed record of the life of Thomas Ellis Ladner would present an accur- 
ate and comprehensive picture of many phases of pioneer life in the west, for he 
has been closely associated with the development, improvement and transforma- 
tion of this section of the country from early pioneer times. He has now reached 
the ripe old age of seventy-seven years but is still hale and active and relates in 




THOMAS E. LADNER 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 173 

interesting manner many anecdotes of the early days. He was born at Trenant 
Park, Cornwall, England, September 8, 1836, a son of Edward and Sarah (Ellis) 
Ladner, who were also natives of Cornwall. The father was a farmer by occupa- 
tion and in 1847 came to America with his eldest son, William H. Ladner, and 
a daughter. They made their way to the state of Wisconsin, where the father 
spent his remaining days. In 1851 the son William returned to England to bring 
over the mother and remainder of the family. Owing to a condition of English 
law which would prevent the wife and mother drawing an annuity which was hers 
and which she would lose by leaving England, she decided to remain for a time, 
while the sons, William and Thomas, started for America. There were six chil- 
dren in the family and the others were : Mrs. Hugh Phillips, of Mineral Point, 
Wisconsin; Mrs. W. J. Armstrong, of New Westminster; and Mrs. James Phil- 
lips, deceased ; and Salina, deceased. The brother William, who for many years 
resided at Ladner, has also passed away. 

The two brothers, William and Thomas Ladner, started with a party of emi- 
grants from Wisconsin across the plains, making the journey with ox teams and 
prairie schooners, the trip covering the period from March to September, 1852. 
The Indians occasioned them considerable trouble by stealing all of their stock- 
save their horses. Other emigrants met them en route, joined the party and 
trailed the Indians to the Platte river in western Nebraska, where they found the 
stock, while the Indians fled. The city of Omaha, Nebraska, was then but a 
Catholic mission. There was so much traffic for the ferry at that point that they 
waited a month for their turn to cross the Missouri river and when they had 
reached the other side they found an Indian with a pole across the road, collect- 
ing five dollars from each party for the privilege of letting them pass through 
his country. The journey was resumed and at length they arrived at Salt Lake 
City, where they remained for eleven days to recruit, camping out eleven miles 
from the city. While there they helped the Mormon farmers to put up their grain, 
for which service they would not receive pay, but instead were given a ball and 
entertainment. They then pressed on to the coast. Mr. Ladner and his brother 
engaged in mining in Grass Valley, California, with good results, remaining there 
until gold was discovered on the Eraser river in British Columbia, at which time 
they came to the province. This was in 1858. They remained at Fort Hope for a 
time and in 1861 secured a pack train of mules and packed goods for the miners 
at Cariboo in that and the following year. It took two days to make the trip from 
Yale to North Bend, a distance of twenty miles over the mountains. The gov- 
ernment then built a mule trail through the canyon and later a wagon road and 
erected the suspension bridge at Chapman Bar, near Spuzzum. At length the 
brothers sold their pack trains and went to the delta of the Eraser, settling about 
six miles above the mouth of the river, where they began farming. There was not 
an inhabitant of that district up to that time, the Ladners being the first white set- 
tlers in that region. Every evidence of pioneer life was to be found there, the 
country being entirely wild and undeveloped. John Clute, a well known resident 
of New Westminster, would jokingly tell that "the sturgeon used to come up into 
the fields and eat the cabbage." The brothers engaged in farming in pioneer times, 
there carrying on agricultural pursuits extensively as time passed on, having 
acquired twelve hundred acres of prairie land and upon this place Mr. Ladner 
had large herds of thoroughbred cattle, which he imported into this country from 
Oregon. Eventually, however, Mr. Ladner became interested in the fish canning 
business. As settlement was made in the district, attention of enterprising men 
was drawn to the fact that a profitable business of that kind might be conducted 
and canneries were established on the Eraser river, on the Skeena river and also on 
Rivers Inlet. The first cannery on the lower Eraser river was built at Ladner 
by the Delta Canning Company, of which Mr. Ladner was the owner. Later the 
company acquired the Harlock, Standard, Wellington, Laidlaw, and three other 
fisheries, all of which were merged into one company, which afterward became 
The Victoria Canning Company, of which Mr. Ladner was general manager, oper- 
ating all the canneries. It was in 1887 that he entered into partnership with J. A. 



174 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

Laidlaw, Donald Chisholm, Frank Page and Joseph Lyon, all now deceased, to 
build the Delta cannery at Ladner's Landing, now called Ladner. This was the 
first important cannery below New Westminster and had a capacity of thirty 
thousand cases of salmon per season. He also became a partner with F. Page 
and others in the purchase of the cannery of the Wellington Packing Company 
at Canoe Pass on the Fraser river, of which he was made manager and which had 
a capacity of twenty-five thousand cases per season. For a long period Mr. Lad- 
ner figured prominently in connection with the canning industry. The business 
done amounted to several million dollars annually. At one time while he was 
manager of the Delta, cannery he had seventy-five thousand salmon on the dock 
and in scows as a single night's catch. In those days the work of handling and 
preserving was all done by hand, for the "iron chink had not yet been invented. 
To preserve this unusual catch, they had to be partly salted. He hired every avail- 
able thing into which to pack them, even getting Indian canoes. The great catches 
of salmon of those early days are seen no more, as the modern traps are depleting 
the supply, and unless prompt action is taken, the salmon in the Fraser will be like 
the buffalo extinct. When the amalgamation of the canneries into the British 
Columbia Packers Association was consummated, Mr. Ladner withdrew from the 
business, on account of ill health and had to retire, and for fifteen years he was a 
sufferer, when an operation eventually restored him to health. He has been inter- 
ested in many other industries, throughout British Columbia aside from canning 
and from agricultural pursuits. He is a director in the British Columbia Life In- 
surance Company and now its vice president. He is also president of the Ladner 
Trust & Investment Company ; a director of the Coast Shale Brick Company ; and 
president of Lantzius & Ladner, Limited, wholesale importers and exporters. 

In 1865 Mr. Ladner was united in marriage to Miss Edna Booth, a daughter of 
William Booth, Esq., of Victoria. Mrs. Ladner passed away in January, 1882. 
They became the parents of three children: Mary, the widow of Frank L. Lord, 
of Vancouver; Edward, of Ladner; and Thomas Ellis, of Vancouver. In 1884 
Mr. Ladner wedded Miss Minnie E. Parr, a daughter of William Johnson Parr, 
of Los Gatos, California, and of this marriage were born three children : Leon J., 
a barrister and solicitor of Vancouver, practicing as a member of the firm of Lad- 
ner & Cantalon; Alice P., the wife of Dr. G. C. Draeseke, of Vancouver; and Vio- 
let, the wife of Dr. S. B. Peele, of Vancouver. There is also an adopted daughter, 
Pearl, who has made her home with them from infancy. 

Mr. Ladner is a conservative in his political views, supporting the men and 
measures of the party through the exercise of his right of franchise, but he never 
seeks office. He is a man five feet and eight inches in height and his weight is about 
one hundred and eighty pounds. He is fond of riding, driving and fishing, which 
constitute his principal sources of recreation. He gave evidence of his patriotic 
spirit by serving as lieutenant of the home guards in New Westminster during the 
Fenian raid. The west knows him as one of its worthy and honored pioneer set- 
tlers and one who has taken active and helpful part in promoting public progress, 
especially along the line of material development. He has lived to see remarkable 
changes in this section of the country as pioneer conditions have given way before 
advancing civilization, and his name is inseparably linked with the history of this 
region. 

A. EDWARD TULK. 

A. Edward Tulk, barrister and capitalist, and having extensive commercial in- 
terests in Vancouver and throughout British Columbia, and who is also widely 
known in connection with the leading sports which most engross public interest, 
has had a most interesting and successful career. 

Born in Hamilton, Ontario, on Christmas, December 25, 1879, second son 
of John J. and Mary Margaret (McAndrew) Tulk, natives of England and 




A. EDWARD TULK 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 177 

Ontario respectively, Mr. Tulk at the usual age became a pupil in the public 
schools of Hamilton, passing through the consecutive grades until he became a 
high-school student, having the option of a collegiate institute training or enter- 
ing upon the commercial course instituted by the provincial government of On- 
tario. Mr. Tulk selected the latter, and in 1891, at the age of twelve years, 
received the highest diploma for general proficiency in commercial training. 

The next two years were spent by Mr. Tulk in the office of the Standard Life 
Assurance Company, and the following five years in the grocery and liquor 
firm of the Charles Bremner Company. 

In the spring of 1898 Mr. Tulk became identified with Vancouver and Brit- 
ish Columbia, engaging in general trading on Stikine river and in the Cassiar 
district in the northern part of the province, first in Glenora under the firm name 
of Curtis & Tulk, which was succeeded by Tulk & Forrest and in Telegraph 
Creek in the winter of 1899, and in the spring of 1899 we find Mr. Tulk the only 
member of his firm. 

In the summer of 1899 Mr Tulk purchased the controlling interest in the 
Excelsior Steam Laundry in Vancouver, disposing of this interest in the fall. 
On November i, 1899, he organized the Gold Seal Liquor Company, Limited, 
becoming president of that and associated companies engaged in a general im- 
portation and distribution of the products of Great Britain, France, Germany, 
Italy and California, building up and conducting one of the most extensive dis- 
tributing businesses in Canada. 

Retiring from the management and control of his commercial interests in 
June, 1907, in Vancouver Mr. Tulk passed the matriculation examination of 
McGill University, and in September of the same year in Montreal became a 
student in law, graduating with first-class honors as a Bachelor of Civil Law in 
April, 1910. In the fall of 1907 Mr. Tulk was articled to and entered the office 
of Hon. C. J. Doherty, K. C., M. P., now Dominion minister of justice, where 
he remained three years, and during which time in April, 1910, at Quebec city 
he was admitted to the practice of law in the courts of the province of Quebec. 
Returning to Vancouver in March, 1911, Mr. Tulk passed the British Columbia 
provincial examinations and was called to the bar and admitted as solicitor of 
the supreme court, rapidly acquiring an extensive practice and demonstrating 
his vast commercial experience in his handling of some important civil cases 
wherein a wide knowledge of commercial law was essential. The following year 
Mr. Tulk became a member of the firm of Henderson, Tulk & Bray. 

Mr. Tulk has many claims upon his time and energies, being a director and 
large shareholder in the Graham Island Settlement Company, Limited, who own 
twenty thousand acres on Graham island, and who for the past two years have 
been actively engaged in developing and colonizing the tract. Mr. Tulk is also 
a director of a large number of commercial and financial corporations, as well 
as a large realty holder of central business property, and enjoys the unique ex- 
perience of never yet having sold any property which he has purchased, and in- 
vestments having been judiciously made, his property holdings are continually 
increasing in value. 

Associated with Harold C. Clarke, A. J. Mayo and Fred Schofield, Mr. Tulk 
organized and operated the first independent league base ball in Vancouver, and 
built the first base ball park in this city, the old Powell Street grounds, which 
were acquired by the city for city park purposes. When Vancouver took over 
these grounds, Mr. Tulk obtained a franchise in the North Western League, and 
associated with Messrs. W. H. Armstrong, C. M. Marpole, George E. MacDon- 
ald, W. D. Haywood and others and built and operated Recreation Park on Homer 
street, which will be remembered by players and fans of all sports for many 
years to come. This land has just been taken back by the Canadian Pacific Rail- 
way Company and is being cut up and sold for warehouse sites. Mr. Tulk has 
always been active in lacrosse and football, and was vice president of the West- 
End Lacrosse Club for many years. He was also the founder and organizer of 



178 BRITISH COLUMBIA 



the present Vancouver Athletic Club, was vice president on its first board, and 
was a director for many years. 

In June, 1902, Mr. Tulk was united in marriage to Miss Marie Josephine 
Nett of Hamilton, Ontario, and they have one son, Alexander Edward. 

In politics Mr. Tulk is a stanch conservative and very active in the ranks of 
the party. Being a young man and possessing in a marked degree that splendid 
foresight and skilful diplomacy which make for thorough, broad statesmanship, 
Mr. Tulk will, in all probability, find in the political arena a still wider scope 
for his talents. Mr. Tulk is a member of the Masonic order, and also of 
the Loyal Orange Association. That he is appreciative of the social amenities 
of life is indicated in his memberships in the University Club, the Terminal City 
Club and the Commercial Club. He is a member of the Church of England. 

Mr. Tulk is one of a group of remarkable and notable men who are help- 
ing to build up Vancouver and who are leaving their impress upon it. Mr. Tulk's 
hospitality is proverbial and he is generous to a fault. No one who goes to him 
for assistance is ever turned away disappointed he is scrupulously honest and 
upright, is a devoted friend, and possesses social qualities of a rare type which 
render him an exceedingly enjoyable companion. Mr. Tulk has the reputation 
of being an excellent speaker and keen debater, and beneath a serene countenance 
and patient temperament he has a wonderful gift of organization and magnetic 
influence which has crowned his life with successful accomplishments. He is 
possessed of the typical western spirit of progress and enterprise, but has never 
regarded business as the sole end and aim of existence, but rather as an important 
feature of a life which has also been devoted to various other affairs, which con- 
stitute important elements in the life and activity of a nation. 



SAMUEL JOHN CASTLEMAN. 

Samuel John Castleman, financial and mining broker, has been engaged in his 
present business in Vancouver since 1905. Since his school days he has made 
continuous progress and each forward step in his career has brought him a broader 
outlook and wider opportunities. He early recognized the fact that industry and 
determination spell success and in the cultivation and utilization of those qualities 
he has gained the creditable position that he now fills in the business circles of his 
adopted city. He is of Canadian birth, having first opened his eyes to the light 
of day at Dickinsons Landing, Ontario, October 16, 1866. His parents were 
Ralph A. and Caroline Elizabeth (Hanes) Castleman. The father was one of the 
pioneers of eastern Ontario and the town of Casselman was founded by his family. 
The son pursued his education in the public schools of Stormont county, Ontario, 
and in the Ottawa Business College in the city of Ottawa. On leaving school in 1884 
he was taken into partnership by his father, who was then operating a large lum- 
ber and milling business, the firm being styled R. A. Castleman & Son. That 
partnership continued until 1887, when Mr. Castleman engaged in the brick and 
tile manufacturing business, in which he remained until 1894. He then joined 
the accounting staff of the Canada-Atlantic Railway and was accountant and 
cashier with that company for ten years. In 1905 he came to Vancouver, British 
Columbia, and engaged in his present business, handling mining properties and 
stocks. He is thoroughly conversant concerning the value of commercial paper, and 
his comprehensive knowledge enables him to so place investments for his clients 
that excellent returns are secured. He has himself been a large and judicious inves- 
tor in mining properties, bank paper and other stocks, and has large holdings in 
British Columbia. In fact he is extensively connected with corporate interests 
and is past president of the Kitsilano Improvement Association ; the promoter of 
the Irkeda Mines, Limited, and the Island Valley Railway Company; a director 
in the Amalgamated Gold Mines of British Columbia, and vice president of the 




SAMUEL J. CASTLEMAN 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 181 

Grand Trunk Lands Company, Ltd. His judgment is sound; his discrimination 
keen, and his business activity always follows careful consideration of the different 
points of the questions at issue. 

On the 8th of March, 1893, m Ottawa, Ontario, Mr. Castleman was united in 
marriage to Miss Jean Elizabeth Cameron, a daughter of a prominent family of 
Pembroke, Ontario. They have two children, Gordon and Gladys. Mr. Castle- 
man has ever been interested in matters of public moment and has cooperated 
in various projects which have resulted beneficially to the communities in which 
he has lived. While residing at Casselman, Ontario, he served as school trustee 
from 1888 until 1890 and was councilor there from 1891 until 1893. His political 
allegiance has always been given to the liberal party, and his religious faith is 
that of the Presbyterian church. He is a Scottish Rite Mason and he belongs to 
the Terminal City, the Royal Vancouver Yacht and the Vancouver Athletic Clubs. 
He is interested in marine sports and derives considerable pleasure from motor- 
boating. Progress has been the keynote of his character, and throughout the 
years since he completed his education he has continuously advanced, winning 
his success through the utilization of measures and methods which neither seek 
nor require disguise. 



FINLEY ROBERT .McDONALD RUSSELL. 

Finley Robert McDonald Russell, barrister of Vancouver and one who is 
equally well known in connection with benevolent work and also in social and 
athletic circles of the city, was born at Newcastle, New Brunswick, October 13, 
1870, a son of Matthew and Sarah (Ingram) Russell, both of whom were natives 
of New Brunswick. The father was engaged in the manufacturing business, 
was interested in steamboat lines and had various other business connections 
which made him a prominent factor in connection with public interests of New- 
castle, where his entire life was passed. His death there occurred in 1908 and 
his widow now resides in Victoria, British Columbia. 

In the attainment of his education Finley Robert McDonald Russell attended 
Harkin's Academy at Newcastle and later was employed by his father until he 
reached the age of nineteen years. In 1889 he came to Vancouver and in the 
fall of that year was articled to his elder brother, J. A. Russell, a barrister of 
this city. In 1896 he was called to the bar of British Columbia and entered 
upon active practice as a member of the firm of Russell & Russell, remaining in 
association with his brother in the practice of the profession until January i, 
I 9 I 3> when he became senior partner in the firms of Russell, Macdonald & 
Hancox and Russell, Mowat, Hancox & Farris. His practice is now large and 
of an important character, connecting him with much notable litigation. His 
knowledge of the principles of jurisprudence is comprehensive and exact and he 
is seldom if ever at fault in their application. 

In Acton, Ontario, in 1898, Mr. Russell was united in marriage to Miss Agnes 
Isabel Macpherson, a daughter of the late Archibald Macpherson, who was a 
prominent educator in Gait, Ontario. They have four children, Alan Macpher- 
son, Hugh McLaren, Isabel Macpherson and Jean Macpherson. The parents 
are adherents of St. John's Presbyterian church. In politics Mr. Russell is a 
liberal, working untiringly in the interests of his party yet never seeking office, 
and he is a director of The Sun, the liberal organ of Vancouver. He is a past 
master of Western Gate Lodge, No. 48, A. F. & A. M., has taken the degrees of 
the Royal Arch Chapter and has attained the thirty-second degree of the Scottish 
Rite. He is ever loyal to the benevolent principles of the fraternity which is 
based upon mutual helpfulness and brotherly kindness and he is interested in 
various charitable and humanitarian projects, being a life governor of the Van- 
couver General Hospital and for years was a director of the Children's Aid 
Society. His name is also a familiar one in athletic and club circles. He was 



182 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

the first president elected to office at the organization of the Vancouver Athletic 
Club, of which he is a life member, and served for four years in the presidency. 
He was also for a rwimber of years the vice president of the Vancouver Rowing 
Club and in 1913 was elected president of the North Pacific Association of Ama- 
teur Oarsmen, which is made up of clubs from Vancouver, Victoria, Portland 
and Seattle. The association has held a regetta every year for the past twenty 
years and that for 1913 will be held in Vancouver. Mr. Russell is now serving 
for a second term as president of the association and he is a past president of 
the Vancouver Auto Club. He is also solicitor for the Vancouver Horse Show 
Association and the vice president for British Columbia of the Pacific Highway 
Association, under whose auspices the Mexico-Alaskan highway is being con- 
structed. The Brocton Point Athletic Club numbers him among its directors 
and he belongs also to the Vancouver, Vancouver Hunt, Commercial, Jericho 
Country, Vancouver Tennis, Shaughnessy Heights and Vancouver Golf and 
Country Clubs. His interests are wide and varied. His social qualities make 
him popular in the different organizations with which he is connected and yet he 
never allows club affairs to interfere with his professional duties and his devo- 
tion to his clients' interests has become proverbial. 



GORDON DRYSDALE. 

Under the style of Gordon Drysdale, Limited, is conducted the leading retail 
dry-goods house of Vancouver. It is the Marshall Field establishment of this 
city, setting the standard for similar enterprises, and its steady growth results 
from progressive methods that introduce all that is novel and attractive in the 
line of goods handled. Gordon Drysdale has notable ability in coordinating 
forces and combining seemingly diverse elements into a unified and harmonious 
whole, and possesses in large measure the genius for devising and executing the 
right thing at the right time. 

A native of Colchester, Nova Scotia, he was born April 8, 1859, a son of 
George and Margaret (Shearer) Drysdale. The paternal grandfather came 
from Scotland and settled in Tatamagouche mountain district of Colchester 
county, Nova Scotia, where he engaged in farming. His son, George Drysdale, 
was born and reared on his father's farm in Colchester county, and on reach- 
ing his maturity began farming on his own account, following that occupation 
until his death. His wife, Margaret Shearer, was also descended from a Scotch 
family that settled in Colchester county. 

In the public schools of his native county Gordon Drysdale pursued his edu- 
cation and in 1874, when a youth of fifteen years, was apprenticed to the mer- 
cantile firm of J. F. Blanchard & Company at Truro, Nova Scotia, where he 
remained until 1881. He was then sent to New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, where 
he managed a branch store for the house until 1884. Ambitious, however, to en- 
gage in business on his own account, he then began dealing in general merchandise 
in partnership with his brother, Daniel Drysdale, under the firm style of Drys- 
dale Brothers. Success attended the new undertaking from the beginning and 
after a short time Mr. Drysdale purchased his brother's interest in the business, 
which he conducted alone, but under the same style, until 1892. The opportuni- 
ties of the growing west proved an irresistible attraction to him and in that 
year he came to Vancouver, purchasing the general mercantile business conducted 
by Haley & Sutton on Cordova street. He continued the business under his 
own name and conducted it successfully at that location until 1899, when he 
removed to larger quarters at the corner of Cambie and Cordova streets, there 
remaining until 1903, when his interests were amalgamated with those of Charles 
E. Stevenson under the firm name of Drysdale-Stevenson, Ltd. They con- 
ducted business on Hastings street under that name until 1906, when the interest 
of Mr. Stevenson was purchased by David Spencer, who later in the year also 




GORDON DRYSDALE 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 185 

purchased the interest of Mr. Drysdale and the business became and is still 
conducted as David Spencer, Ltd. In 1907, on completion of the building now 
occupied by Mr. Drysdale, he again entered the mercantile field as Gordon 
Drysdale, Limited, and so continues to the present time. His is the finest 
exclusive store in Vancouver, or in all western Canada, an extensive stock 
of high-class goods being carried. The store is most attractive in all its equip- 
ments and appointments and courtesy on the part of all employes is demanded, 
patrons receiving every possible attention. The company was the first in Van- 
couver to inaugurate six o'clock closing, and in 1912 they introduced the plan 
of closing on Saturdays, during July and August, at one o'clock. They are prac- 
tically the only firm in the city today who follow this practice and have naturally 
earned the thankfulness of their employes, whose loyalty to the house has been 
greatly increased by this measure. The store further enjoys the enviable reputa- 
tion of employing only first-class help and paying therefor first-class salaries. 
The employes are well treated and many measures are undertaken to contribute 
to their welfare and comfort. The business is a general dry-goods, millinery, and 
ladies' and children's furnishings establishment and they also maintain a carpet 
and draperies department. The fundamental principle upon which it is built 
is to treat the public fairly, and their reputation is that their advertisements are 
always strictly confined to statements of facts, and the public accept these adver- 
tisements absolutely for what they say. It has been the motto of the firm 
"never to misrepresent," and that such conduct is appreciated is evident from 
their ever increasing patronage. The Gordon Drysdale, Limited, in every 
respect enjoys high confidence in the eyes of the public and the efficient upbuild- 
ing of the organization, supported by the unswerving loyalty of their employes, 
is largely the work of Gordon Drysdale, who by his fair methods of operation 
has brought it to its present success. It is now a business of mammoth pro- 
portions and stands as a monument to the business ability and progressive meth- 
ods of the owner. 

In politics Mr. Drysdale is a liberal but not an active party worker. On the 
1st of December, 1887, he married Miss Maria MacGregor, a daughter of Robert 
MacGregor, of New Glasglow, Nova Scotia, and their children are George 
Rudolf, Janet Robertson and Norman MacGregor. Mr. Drysdale is a mem- 
ber of no clubs or societies, preferring home life when not occupied with the 
cares of management of an extensive business. Each step in his career has 
been a forward one. He has been watchful of all the details of his business, 
and all indications pointing toward prosperity from the beginning, and has had 
an abiding faith in the ultimate success of his enterprise. He has gained 
prosperity, yet that has not been alone the goal for which he is striving, for 
he belongs to that class of representative Canadian citizens who promote the 
general welfare while advancing their individual interests. 



JOSEPH EDWARD OLIVER. 

In July, 1880, following a varied and eventful career as a sailor, adventurer 
and gold seeker, Joseph Edward Oliver settled in British Columbia and became 
identified with passenger and freight navigation interests on the Eraser river 
and so continued for many years. He died in New Westminster in 1908 and 
the community was thus deprived of one of its leading and representative citizens 
and the province of one of the earliest and greatest of its pioneers. 

Mr. Oliver was born in Newcastle-on-Tyne, January i, 1846, and was a son 
of John Oliver, of that city. In the acquirement of an education he attended 
public school in London but his advantages along this line were limited, for while 
he was still in his teens he went to sea, making trips to China, Africa, South 
America, Norway, Sweden and Russia and enduring many hardships and priva- 
tions incident to the life and the times. During the Civil war in the United 



186 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

States he was on a blockade runner and was wounded by the bursting of a gun 
on the deck and was taken prisoner. After he was released he worked his way 
westward, running a construction engine on the Central Pacific Railway through 
the Sierra Nevada mountains, going as far as Sacramento, California, where he 
worked on a boat on the Sacramento river, afterward making trips between the 
isthmus of Panama and Portland, Oregon. He was later a member of the crew 
of a vessel which went north with the telegraph cable and thus aided in connect- 
ing the old world with the new. After spending a hard winter in the northern 
United States and Canada he went with his vessel back to San Francisco and 
from there again went north to New Westminster, making his first location in 
this city in very early pioneer times. From here he tramped to the Cariboo gold 
fields, but not meeting with success in prospecting, went to Moodyville, settling 
there about the year 1875. For a time he worked in a machine shop, of which 
the late James Lockhart was master mechanic for the Moodyville mills, and was 
afterward employed in the Hastings mill. Leaving Moodyville about the year 
1879, he went to San Francisco, sailing from that point around the Horn to 
England, where in the following year he married Miss Elizabeth Wallis. In 
the same year he brought his bride to British Columbia, making his second per- 
manent location in this province in 1880. He secured a position as engineer on 
the little steamer Maggie, with George Gilley as captain, and for several years 
he ran on small boats on the Fraser river. In 1884 he shipped as engineer on 
the first ferryboat, the K. de K., and about one year later held a similar position 
on the Gladys, then owned by the late W. B. Townsend, who sold her afterward 
to the late Captain Power. Mr. Oliver continued aboard this vessel for two 
years and then in company with three others bought the steamer Telephone and 
built up a large and lucrative freight navigation business on the lower Fraser 
river, their patronage extending so rapidly that they later built the steamer 
Edgar which ran between the important ports on the lower stream until she was 
burned in the fire of 1898. Afterward the same company bought the Ramona, 
but this venture not proving successful, Mr. Oliver became engineer on the 
dredge King Edward. This position he held until 1903, when he retired, ill 
health terminating the activities of an eventful, varied and useful career. He 
died in New Westminster on the I7th of May, 1908, and in his death the province 
lost one of the greatest individual forces in the early organization and later 
upbuilding of its inland navigation interests. 

Mr. Oliver married in England, in 1880, Miss Elizabeth Wallis and they 
became the parents of three children : William Edward Wallis, chief engineer of 
the Princess May; Mildred Ruth, a stenographer; and Isabelle, who is engaged 
in teaching school. The family are members of the Church of England and are 
well known in New Westminster, where the name borne by an upright, honorable 
and worthy man has been well known since pioneer times. 



REV. ROBERT JAMIESON. 

Hand in hand with the work of material progress in the development of the 
northwest has been found the effort for the moral upbuilding of the province, 
and thus it is that high standards of manhood and citizenship have been main- 
tained, for the people on the whole are actuated by a spirit of Christian teach- 
ing which constitutes the guiding force in their lives. Among the first- to sow 
the seeds of Christian faith in the northwest was the Rev. Robert Jamieson, who 
became the pioneer minister of the Canada Presbyterian church in British 
Columbia. He was born in 1829 and was therefore a young man of twenty-four 
years when he entered upon the active work of the ministry at Belturbet, Ireland, 
in 1853. Three years later, or in 1856, he crossed the Atlantic to Canada and 
was called to the pastorate of the churches at Dunville and at York Mills. On 
the loth of December, 1861, at Knox church in Toronto, he was designated as 




REV. ROBERT JAMIESON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 189 

the first missionary of his denomination to British Columbia. The work of 
progress and development seemed scarcely begun in this section of the country. 
There was no railroad connection with the east and comparatively few steam- 
ships carried their passengers and their freight to this section of the new world. 
Early in 1862, however, the Rev. Robert Jamieson arrived in Victoria, where he 
found the Rev. John Hall, of the Irish Presbyterian church, who extended to 
him a most hearty and cordial welcome. He proceeded on his way to New 
Westminster and there was most gladly and cordially welcomed by the Presby- 
terians of the district, who were anxious again to hear the teachings of the 
gospel according to the tenets in which they believed. He at once proceeded 
to organize the congregation of St. Andrew's and a manse and a church were 
soon erected, his parishioners subscribing three thousand dollars to the work 
the first year. For four years Mr. Jamieson labored untiringly in the interests 
of his congregation and of the community. He not only undertook the moral 
development of the district but also consented to establish and conduct a school, 
which was the first one of that locality. He obtained a grant of five hundred 
dollars from the government to supplement the fees and he remained in charge 
of the school until he was able to secure another teacher. One, writing of this 
period of his life, said : "It can easily be imagined that a population of adven- 
turous men, ebbing and flowing almost with the frequency, but by no means with 
the regularity, of the tides, was not the best from which to build up a settled 
congregation. For many years there was no session, and the board of man- 
agement was chosen from those who could be induced to serve. Whether it 
was the patching of a roof or the education of the children for the church 
preceded the public school the pastor was the leader, the organizer; often, as 
in the school, the worker; nothing was too laborious to be attempted, nothing 
too trivial to be attended to, if it contributed to the success of the work he had 
set himself to do." After four years spent in New Westminster Mr. Jamieson, 
laving obtained a successor for the work there, went to Nanaimo, where he 
again met the experiences of the pioneer preacher in the establishment and 
development of a church at that place. His efforts were crowned with notable 
success at Nanaimo during the three years or more of his residence there. He 
then returned to St. Andrew's, heartily welcomed by his first parishioners of 
the northwest. Still his services as a pioneer preacher were not ended, for 
he traveled up and down the Fraser valley, establishing churches at Langley, 

laple Ridge and Richmond, continuing to give to them such aid as he could, 
preaching for them when opportunity offered. Summer and winter, rain or 
shine, he continued in this self-imposed task, in which connection it has been 

written: "Three services a day, with fifteen to twenty miles travel in a canoe, 
mder a cold, drizzle, or a scorching sun, as an interlude, coupled with all the 
usual hardships of work in an isolated field, and the special trial of constantly 
facing the question of duty to go on where progress was so slow or to seek a 
wider sphere of usefulness small wonder if these broke down a constitution 
never robust, so that Mr. Jamieson found himself an old man before his fiftieth 
fear!" Soon after the Confederation in 1871 the condition of the church as 
well as of the country improved, for the Church of Scotland took up the work 
in the province and Mr. Jamieson then concentrated his efforts upon the church 
)f St. Andrew's in New Westminster. When a controversy arose concerning 
the route of the Canadian Pacific Railway, many of the new ministers who had 
)een sent to the west left the province and again Mr. Jamieson continued his 
efforts almost alone. There is no one man to whom Presbyterianism in British 

Columbia is so greatly indebted. He lived to see substantial growth and improve- 

icnt in the church as well as the country. Early in 1884 the congregation 
lecided that it could be self-supporting and not depend upon funds from out- 
ride sources. Just at this time Mr. Jamieson was prostrated by an illness so 
severe that his friends did not believe he could recover. Compelled to resign, 
iis congregation voted him a liberal retiring allowance and in every way strove 
to mark its appreciation of his life work. He recovered sufficiently to be able 

Vol. HI 7 



190 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

to act as chaplain of the penitentiary and when his health permitted he was 
always ready to supply a vacant pulpit, but death called him in September, 1893, 
when he was but sixty-four years of age. The Presbyterian Record, writing 
of him, said: "Mr. Jamieson was emphatically a strong man. With natural 
abilities of a high order, a well-stored mind, a humor that was a quaint mixture 
of the racy Irish and the dry Scotch, a restless energy and dauntless courage, 
he was one to be reckoned with in any matter in which he had a part. He 
preached the old gospel of salvation through a crucified and risen Saviour, and 
as a preacher he has had but few equals in the province. On the platform, too, 
while health permitted him to take part in the discussion of public questions, he 
was a power. In one respect he was intolerant: he had a quick, fierce contempt 
for falsehood and lies. A sentence from a commemorative sermon preached 
by the Rev. A. Dunn, himself a pioneer, might be taken as Mr. Jamieson's epitaph : 
'He spared no man's sin or unbelief, he courted no man's favor, and he feared 
no man's face.' Not until the pioneers and their children have passed away will 
the memory of Mr. Jamieson and of the work he did for his Master and his 
church fade in British Columbia." 



JAMES FINDLAY. 

In James Findlay Vancouver has a citizen who sways men with the force 
of his example, for he has come to be recognized as a man of sound judgment, 
of capability and unquestioned loyalty to the public good. He has always been 
a student of vital and significant problems relating to the public welfare and to 
his continually broadening opportunities he has brought to bear a clear under- 
standing. His personal characteristics and personal qualities are pronounced 
and he is an acceptable companion in any society in which intelligence and worth 
are necessary attributes to agreeableness. 

A native of Montreal, Quebec, Mr. Findlay was born October 5, 1854, a 
son of Captain Jonathan Duncan Glegg and Mary (Mercer) Findlay, the former 
a contractor of Montreal, born in Fifeshire, Scotland, in 1808. The grandfather, 
Captain James Findlay, of the Royal Navy, served as a lieutenant in 1797 in 
the North Sea, under Admiral Duncan, and participated in the engagement 
which won the first decided victory over the Dutch fleet. He later was promoted 
to the rank of captain in the Royal Navy, serving at a period when sailing ves- 
sels were the only means of defense. They were the old-time wooden craft and 
their equipment in cannon and firearms was as primitive and cumbersome as 
was the vessel upon which they were loaded. Nothing shows more clearly the 
development and progress of the times than the changes in methods of warfare 
when today the great dreadnoughts and superdreadnoughts of steel construc- 
. tion hurl their death-dealing weapons for miles across the sea with almost ab- 
solute accuracy of aim. The same spirit of courage, however, has always ani- 
mated the breast of the defender of British interests whether upon land or sea 
or whether in wooden hulls or in armor-plate battleships. It was ability, merit 
and courage that won for James Findlay his promotion to a captaincy in the 
navy. His wife was Ellen Rudiman, a niece of Professor Thomas Rudiman, 
the celebrated scholar and Latin author. 

Their son, Captain J. D. G. Findlay, received a practical education in the 
schools of his native land. He entered the East India Company's naval service 
as midshipman in 1822, when but fourteen years of age, and later became con- 
nected directly with the Royal Navy. He participated in the taking of Rangoon 
on the Irrawaddy and distinguished himself during the whole of the Burmese 
war, passing through many dangers and receiving at different times wounds 
at the hands of the pirates. In 1838 Captain Findlay resigned from the service 
of the East India Company and later was honored by royal appointment to the 
commission of chief officer of the frigate Trident, which carried Her Most 




JAMES FINDLAY 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 193 

Gracious Majesty, the late Queen Victoria, from Granton Pier to Woolwich, 
in 1842, on the return of Her Majesty from her first visit to Scotland. Mr. Find- 
lay came to Canada in 1843, settling in the city of Montreal. He was first 
employed in building locks on the Lachine canal and afterward was a contractor 
for the St. Lawrence & Atlantic Railway. He was also the contractor who built 
the entrance lock on the old Lachine canal, the Hon. Alexander MacKenzie being 
the foreman at the time, and Mr. Findlay often recalled that he at one time had 
to discharge him for disobeying orders of the board of works, Mr. MacKenzie 
believing he knew as he undoubtedly did the best manner of doing the work. 
Mr. Findlay was also employed by the Canadian Pacific in building the road from 
St. Therese to St. Jerome and from St. Rose to St. Scholastique. He also did 
important work for the Canadian Pacific in connection with the building of the 
wharfs at Montreal and was employed by the Dominion government in building 
the canal and bridges from Montreal to Cote St. Paul. His ability as a con- 
tractor is clearly evident from the many large undertakings which he success- 
fully completed. In 1848 Mr. Findlay married, in Montreal, Mary, daughter 
of John Mercer. He was by religion a Congregationalist and in politics a con- 
servative. 

James Findlay, whose name introduces this review, pursued his early educa- 
tion in the public schools of Montreal and the high school of Bowmanville, and 
afterward went to Scotland, where he was apprenticed to the trade of marine 
engineer. Upon completing his course he returned to Canada and in 1882 went 
to Idaho, where he engaged in the mining and machinery business, continuing 
there until June, 1887, when he came to British Columbia, settling in Vancouver. 
Here he continued in mining and in the machinery business, acting as manager 
and superintendent of various mines throughout the province. He thus reached 
a prominent place in business circles, bringing him at length to the position where 
his. success enabled him to retire. He is still the president of the Art Metal 
Works, but his connection therewith is one of financial investment and not of 
active management. 

Important and extensive as have been the business interests and responsibili- 
ties which have devolved upon him, Mr. Findlay has yet found opportunity 
for cooperation in various measures and projects which have to do with the wel- 
fare and progress of the city and its people. He efficiently served as mayor of 
Vancouver, giving the city a beneficial, businesslike administration, and during 
his term had the honor, as the official head of the city government, of meeting and 
greeting, in the name of the municipality, their Royal Highnesses, the Duke and 
Duchess of Connaught, who were then on a visit to the city. He was for two- 
years a director of the Vancouver General Hospital and for four years was a 
member of the License Board of Vancouver. His political allegiance has always 
been given to the conservative party, and in 1911 he was president of the Van- 
couver Conservative Association. He has labored effectively and earnestly in 
support of various measures of civic virtue and civic pride and as mayor of Van- 
couver in 1912 he gave to the city a public-spirited and progressive administra- 
tion, conducted along businesslike lines and resulting in various needed reforms 
ajid improvements. In 1909 and 1910 he was president of the United Service 
~lub and in the present year, 1913, had the honor of being chosen president of 
:he Progress Club. He is likewise president of the Caledonian Society. He 
has always taken a very active interest in athletics and manly outdoor sports, is 
an ex-president of the Vancouver Athletic Club and also of the Vancouver 
Amatuer Lacrosse Club, of which he is now honorary president. This club 
is the holder of the Mann cup. His military experience covers service with the 
^ictoria Volunteer Rifles of Montreal, which he joined as a bugler in 1870, and 
hile in Scotland he served in the Coast Artillery. 

Mr. Findlay was married in Montreal in 1880 to Miss Ellen Georgina Scott, 
of Dublin, Ireland, and they became the parents of eight children, of whom 
five are living: Duncan Bruce, a wholesale hardware and manufacturers' agent 
of Vancouver; Margaret M., the wife of W. T. Woodroffe, superintendent of 






194 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

the Edmonton Electric Railway Company; Ellen May, the wife of Mathew 
Virtue, electrical engineer, of Vancouver; James, who is with the Edmonton 
Electric & Power Company ; and Angus C, with the British Columbia Packers 
Association. The parents hold membership in St. John's Presbyterian church and 
Mr. Findlay belongs to St. Andrews Society. The principles which govern 
his conduct are furthermore indicated in the fact that he is an exemplary repre- 
sentative of Western Gate Lodge, No. 48, A. F. & A. M. He belongs to the 
Commercial, United Service and Imperial Clubs, and these associations indicate 
his interest in matters relating to the welfare, progress and upbuilding of the 
city. He has never allowed personal interest or ambition to dwarf his public 
spirit or activities. His is a record of a strong individuality, sure of itself, 
stable in purpose, quick in perception, swift in decision, energetic and persistent 
in action, and the high ideals which he has cherished have found an embodiment 
in practical effort for their adoption. 



CHARLES FENN PRETTY. 

Charles Fenn Pretty, as president of Pretty's Timber Exchange, Ltd., occu- 
pies a position of leadership in connection with the development of the timber 
interests of the country. Laudable ambition has prompted him in his undertakings 
and his labors have been of a character that have contributed to public progress 
and prosperity, as well as to his individual success. He is today connected with 
various important corporate interests and his judgment has come to be relied 
upon as sound, while his powers of organization, combined with unabating 
industry and energy, have enabled him to achieve success wherever men of less 
resolute purpose would have met failure. ' He was born in Belleville, Ontario, 
August 31, 1865, and is a son of Charles and Ann (Hyke) Pretty. The father, 
a native of Wingfield, Suffolk county, England, came to the new world about 
1850, settling at Belleville, Ontario, where he engaged in farming until 1891. He 
then went to New Westminster, British Columbia, where he lived retired until 
his death in 1908. 

Charles Fenn Pretty spent his youthful days in the usual manner of farm 
lads, with a fair measure of opportunity and advantages. He acquired a good 
public-school education in Belleville and Goderich, Ontario, and subsequently 
engaged in farming at Goderich until 1889. The following year he arrived in 
British Columbia, settling on the Harrison river, where he again gave his time 
and attention to agricultural pursuits. Although he now has extensive financial 
interests he still maintains his home at Harrison River and operates his farm, 
having a real love for agricultural life. 

In 1897 Mr. Pretty became interested in the timber situation in British Colum- 
bia and began to invest on a small scale in timber lands. His operations gradu- 
ally grew more extensive as his financial resources increased and in 1903 he 
organized the present business of which he became the head and which was 
incorporated in 1911 as Pretty's Timber Exchange, Ltd., and capitalized for five 
million dollars with Mr: Pretty as the president. The company makes invest- 
ments in large tracts of timber land, consolidates smaller holdings and negoti- 
ates sales, employing a staff of timber experts and many other workmen. They 
also make all necessary investigation as to the possibilities of the land, transpor- 
tation facilities and other problems relating to the business. Their possessions 
in timber lands cover an extensive acreage in various parts of British Columbia 
and their holdings also include numerous mills where they are engaged in 
timber manufacturing in every form, making a specialty of ties, bridge timbers 
and spars. Associated with Mr. Pretty is Thomas T. Dauphinee, who is now 
general manager of the company. Mr. Pretty showed notable realization and 
appreciation of the value of the undeveloped resources of British Columbia, 
especially in connection with the timber situation and, acting according to the 




CHARLES F. PRETTY 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 197 

dictates of his faith and judgment, he has so directed his labors and his invest- 
ments as to reap the full benefit thereof. Moreover, in this connection he has 
done much for the development of the great timber resources of the country, 
adding much to the wealth of British Columbia through shipments, trade inter- 
ests and employment furnished to many workmen. The timber industry has 
become one of the foremost of the northwest and in that connection the name 
of C. F. Pretty figures prominently. He also has other very extensive interests, 
being president and managing director of the Vancouver Harbor & Dock Exten- 
sion Company, Ltd., with a capitalization of ten million dollars. He is the 
president of the Greater Vancouver Company, Ltd., capitalized for two hun- 
dred and fifty thousand dollars; is president of the Canadian Borneo Company, 
Ltd., which holds extensive concessions from the Dutch government in Dutch 
Borneo; a director of the Canadian Timber & Investment Company, Ltd., of 
London, England ; a director of the Anglo-Canadian Timber Company, Ltd., 
of London, and also has other corporate interests besides being a large owner 
of real estate and farm lands. 

On the 24th of December, 1889, Mr. Pretty was united in marriage to Miss 
Charlotte May Sylvester, daughter of Thomas Sylvester, of the Imperial Gas 
Works of London, England. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Pretty have been born three 
sons, Charles Nelson, Harry Robinson and Leonard Fenn. Mr. Pretty votes 
with the conservative party and his religious belief is that of the Anglican church. 
Signal success has come to him as the result of an active, well spent life. He has 
achieved what he has undertaken, ever carrying forward to successful comple- 
tion any work which he has entered upon. In his vocabulary there is no such 
word as fail, and the business methods he has employed are such as any might 
cultivate. His position is due to the fact that he has made good use of time, 
talent and opportunities, has maintained an unassailable reputation for business 
integrity and has followed the lead of a laudable ambition. 



FREDERICK SMITH. 

One of the important commercial enterprises of Vancouver is Smith, Davidson 
& Wright, Limited, a wholesale paper house whose trade interests are of an 
extensive character. It is the foremost business of its kind in the province. 

Frederick Smith, its president, was born on June 12, 1874, at Toronto, 
Ontario, and is a son of Henry and Anna Smith, the former a pioneer of Toronto, 
where he now lives retired. Frederick Smith attended public school in his native 
city and after completing his education entered the employ of W. J. Gage & 
Company, Limited, wholesale and manufacturing stationers, as traveling sales- 
man, remaining in that connection for about twenty years, gathering a varied 
and valuable experience during that time. Upon his business trips he came 
numerous times to the west and perceiving the opportunities a waiting aggres- 
sive young men, he decided to launch forth independently in this new country 
and in 1907 incorporated in Vancouver the firm of Smith, Davidson & Wright, 
Limited, of which he was elected president, an office which he has held ever 
since. The firm can now look back upon six years of prosperous existence, its 
business increasing annually in volume and profits. 

Mr. Smith was united in marriage, at Cypress River,. Manitoba, to Miss Jessie 
Farquharson, a daughter of James and Elizabeth Farquharson. Of this mar- 
riage were born three sons : Harry Farquharson, Norman Frederick and Francis 
Arthur. 

The vim and the vigor of the west are second nature to Mr. Smith, who 
ever stands ready to participate in any public movement undertaken in the 
interests of the city. Not only is he concerned in commercial expansion but is 
interested as much in the moral and intellectual development of his community. 
His religious faith is that of the Presbyterian church and in club life he is a 



jp i 

IK 1; 



, 




of those who came under his instruction. It is well known that "the boy is father 
to the man," and the qualities which Coverdale Watson displayed in his youth 
foreshadowed not only the strength of his character and his intellectual power 
but also the kindly spirit and hearty sympathy which made him popular and 
loved wherever known. His character was Christian in a sense rarely met with. 
Of a gentle, unselfish and sympathetic disposition, he was much loved. He leaves 
a memory fragrant with goodness a memory that becomes sweeter with the 
rolling years. 

Born near Whitby, Yorkshire, England, March 16, 1847, Mr. Watson came 
with his parents to Canada when but ten years of age, settling in the township 
of Walpole, Haldimand county, Ontario, where, with his only brother, Joseph 
Watson, he grew to manhood. He was from infancy surrounded by intensely 
religious and Methodistic influences and early gave his heart to God. Being 
endowed with natural gifts of a high order and possessing a studious disposition 
and a fervent religious temperament, it was not surprising that he was led by his 
own convictions, confirmed by the advice of judicious friends, to devote himself 
to the Christian ministry. For his chosen life work he prepared himself with 
conscientious care, laying the foundation of a broad and liberal education in the 
Scotland high school and at Victoria University, in Coburg. 

Rev. Watson entered the ministry in 1869 and was stationed successively at 
Teeswater, Londesborough, Holmesville and Mitchell. After a year at college he 
was sent to the old St. John church at Hamilton, Ontario, as the colleague of the 
late Rev. William Stevenson, being received into the full connection and ordained 
in 1874. From the commencement of his ministerial life he was recognized as 
a man of unusual promise and rapidly rose in the confidence and esteem of the 
church. Following his ordination he was sent to Yorkville, then to Peterboro 
and later to the Spadina Avenue church, Toronto. In the year of his marriage 
he was appointed to succeed the late Rev. R. H. Smith as chairman of the then 
British Columbia district, which position he retained until the organization of 
the British Columbia Conference in 1887, filling in the meantime successful 
pastorates at the Pandora Avenue church, Victoria, and at New Westminster. 
In response to a hearty invitation from Central church, Toronto, he then returned 
to Ontario, where he spent three years. But his heart was in the west and he 
gladly acceded to the warm request of the people of his old charge in Victoria 
who were about to open their magnificent new church, of which he became the 
first pastor. Of his work in the Metropolitan church, Homer street, Vancouver, 
and in a second appointment to New Westminster, it is needless to write. 
Thousands can testify to his power as a preacher, his fidelity as a pastor and 
his love and sympathy as a friend. 

For several years it had been apparent to all that Rev. Watson's health was 
seriously impaired, but he maintained his labors with wonderful persistency and 
courage. Indeed, for a time his strength appeared to increase, when appendi- 
citis ensued. An operation was performed but his enfeebled body could not 




REV. COVERDALE WATSOX 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 201 

withstand the shock. He sank rapidly and three days later, on February 21, 
1898, his sanctified spirit was released from its earthly tabernacle and mortality 
was changed for life. 

Rev. Watson was united in marriage in 1881 to Miss Mary Nichols, daughter 
of the late Rev. Matthew Nichols, of Brampton. The marriage was a most 
happy one and his widow, with three children, survives to mourn her irreparable 
loss. 

Coverdale Watson was a man of large and varied gifts. His life as a student 
was marked by thoroughness and his reading, especially along theological lines, 
was extensive and discriminating. He was naturally an investigator and pos- 
sessed a decidedly metaphysical mind which delighted in pursuing a subject to 
its ultimate analysis. No man was more keen in detecting or more merciless in 
exposing a fallacy. He could be severe in denouncing the specious and false 
maxims by which current evils are defended or wrong principles maintained. 
His preaching was intellectual and his sermons were marked by powerful appeals 
to the conscience, delivered in a manner and with a tone that rendered them 
peculiarly impressive. Intense spirituality, fearlessness and faithfulness char- 
acterized his pulpit efforts. He recognized vividly the high standard of scriptural 
holiness which Christianity demands and earnestly pressed believers to its attain- 
ment. As a man he was upright, as a Christian saintly, strong in faith and 
mighty in intercession, as a friend tender, faithful and charitable, as a minister 
dignified, earnest and successful. He held a very warm place in the affection 
and esteem of his brethren, by whom his memory will long be cherished. 
The conference was bereaved of one of its most beloved and honored members 
and the Methodist church of one of its foremost preachers and pastors by his 
death. There was something unique about his friendships and one of the 
choicest spirits animating those days and pulsing so winsomely through those 
associations was the beautiful spirit of Brother Watson. "We sorrow not as 
those who have no hope." "He was not, for God took him." One more of the 
militant host whose ranks are multiplying in every land has joined the disembodied 
throngs who unceasingly celebrate the praises of the Lamb in the anthems of the 
skies. 

"Oh, may we triumph so 

When all our warfare's past, 
And dying find our latest foe 
Under our feet at last." 



MALCOLM McBEATH. 

Malcolm McBeath has the distinction of being the youngest man ever elected 
to the city council of Vancouver. He is, moreover, a very successful business 
man and has risen to his present position of prosperity and prominence through 
his own labors and native ability, for he had few advantages in his early youth. 
He was born in Allenford, Bruce county, Ontario, December 2, 1880, a son of 
Thomas and Lena (Foisie) McBeath, the former a native of Scotland and the 
latter of Ontario. The father was a farmer by profession and for many years 
lived near Allenford, but in 1892 removed to Manitoba, settling at Portage la 
Prairie, where he engaged in farming until 1907. 

Malcolm McBeath was not yet twelve years of age at the time of his parents' 
removal to Portage la Prairie, and he there entered upon his business career, 
being Apprenticed to the printer's trade in 1894) when fourteen years of age. 
He was articled to James Hooper, now king's printer for Manitoba. After he 
had served for about two years of that time the late John Cornyn bought out 
Mr. Hooper. Mr. McBeath completed his apprenticeship and a little later ac- 
quired an interest in the business, with which he was continuously connected in 
partnership with Mr. Cornyn until June, 1905, when they sold out, Mr. Cornyn 



202 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

coming to Vancouver, while Mr. McBeath went to Winnipeg. The latter there 
entered the real-estate business, in which he continued in that city until August, 
1907, when he came to Vancouver. In the meantime Mr. Cornyn had been quite 
successful here and had acquired a gratifying fortune. Mr. McBeath again 
became his partner, but six weeks later, while diving at English Bay, Mr. Cornyn 
was killed. The whole responsibility of the extensive business of the firm there- 
fore devolved upon Mr. McBeath. He became very active in the real-estate 
business, in which he has since continued, and is today a foremost factor in real- 
estate circles in Vancouver. While residing in Winnipeg Mr. McBeath bought a 
tract of one hundred acres in the Hastings Townsite (Vancouver) which he sub- 
divided and sold in lots in 1907-8. In 1904 the Pacific Loan Company was 
organized by Mr. Cornyn and in 1907, upon his death, Mr. McBeath became presi- 
dent and managing director, which dual position he still fills. At the same time 
he became connected with the Northern Securities, Ltd., of which he is the 
secretary. He thus figures prominently in business and financial circles and his 
name is an honored one on commercial paper. He has gained for himself recog- 
nition as a man of sound judgment and indefatigable enterprise and each year 
finds him in advance of the position which he occupied the previous year. 

Not only has Mr. McBeath made a splendid record in business, but has also 
become a recognized factor in local political circles. In 1911 he was elected a 
member of the city council as an alderman from the seventh ward, which is the 
Hastings Townsite addition, and it was in that year that the section was annexed 
to the city. In 1913 Mr. McBeath was appointed chairman of the Associated 
Charities committee. This committe has charge of the building of the Old 
People's Home, which is situated on a fourteen-acre tract in the Hastings Town- 
site, which in 1912 was acquired from the government for city purposes. The 
committee also has under its supervision the erecton of the creche in the west 
end of the city, on Hero street, which will be a day nursery and a home for 
foundlings. Mr. McBeath is also chairman of the annexation committee and is 
a prominent working member of the council. 

In September, 1903, in Winnipeg, Manitoba, was celebrated the marriage of 
Mr. McBeath and Miss Bessie McFarlane of that city, and unto them have been 
born two children, Hazel and Morris. In his fraternal relations Mr. McBeath is 
a Mason, holding membership in Acacia Lodge. This in brief is the life history 
of one of Vancouver's prominent and rising young men, who has already attained 
to a notable position for one of his years. There is no esoteric phase in his life 
history, and his record indicates what can be accomplished when one is enterpris- 
ing, determined and cognizant of his own capacities and powers. 



MAJOR CHARLES McMILLAN. 

Major Charles McMillan, who since 1906 has been engaged in the real-estate 
and investment business in Vancouver, was born in Toronto, Ontario, February 
,14, 1865, his parents being Robert and Annie (Roy) McMillan, both of whom 
were natives of Scotland. Coming to America, they resided for an extended 
period in Toronto, where for some years the father engaged in the banking busi- 
ness, but both he and his wife are now deceased. 

In the acquirement of his education Major Charles McMillan attended the 
public and high schools of Toronto and in 1882, when a youth of seventeen years, 
started westward with Winnipeg as his destination. His initial step in the busi- 
ness world was made in Manitoba and later he engaged with the Canada North- 
west Land Company as town site clerk, while subsequently he became agent for 
the Calgary town site trustees and sold all of that town site for them. With the 
early development and upbuilding of Calgary he was thus closely associated and 
for twelve years he filled the positions of city clerk and treasurer of Calgary, 
making a most commendable record in office by reason of his capability and faith- 




MAJOR CHARLES McMILLAN 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 205 

fulness. In 1906 he came to Vancouver, where he has since confined his attention 
to real-estate and investments, building up a gratifying business in this connection. 
He has thoroughly acquainted himself with property values and aside from 
handling real-estate has made large investments for clients, knowing fully the 
value of commercial paper or financial brokerage interests. 

On the 24th of April, 1889, in Winnipeg, Mr. .McMillan was united in mar- 
riage to Miss M-ay Agnes McGuire, of that city, ajid they have one daughter, 
Clyde Irene, the wife of Pervis E. Ritchie, of the Ritchie Construction & Supply 
Company of Vancouver. During their residence in Vancouver Major McMillan 
and his wife have gained many warm friends and the hospitality of a large 
number of the best homes of the city is freely accorded them. Major McMillan 
was with the Ninetieth Regiment of Winnipeg Rifles for five years and at Calgary 
was major of A squadron in the Fifteenth Regiment of Light Horse for five 
years, and during the Riel rebellion and holds a medal for services there. His 
fraternal relations are with the Masons, in Perfection Lodge of Calgary, and the 
Odd Fellows, and his religious faith is that of the Presbyterian church. He 
belongs to that class which stands for all that is progressive in citizenship, and 
his support can be counted upon for any movement which is a matter of civic vir- 
tue or civic pride. 



CHARLES A. SLANEY. 

The rapid progress and ever changing conditions of modern life have brought 
about specialization in many branches, and many ordinary fields of labor have 
been lifted to the dignity of sciences. Charles A. Slaney is one of those who has 
attained prominence in one special line of work and as auditor of the British 
Columbia Electric Company, of Vancouver, occupies a foremost position in his 
profession. Born on February 8, 1881, at Oakengates, England, he is a son of 
Ambrose John and Amy Slaney, both of whom still make their home in the 
mother country, the father living retired. 

Charles A. Slaney received his education at Newport College in Shropshire, 
England, and at the age of sixteen engaged with the Lilleshall Company as junior 
accountant, remaining in that connection for two years. His next position was 
with the Northwestern Railway of England, in which connection he was assistant 
freight accountant for a period of two years. He then was employed by the 
Birmingham corporation as auditor, remaining thus for five years, at the end of 
which time, in 1906, he decided to test the opportunities of the new world and, 
coming to British Columbia, entered upon a position with the Canadian Pacific 
Railroad as accountant on the third Pacific division. He so remained until 1910, 
when he was appointed accountant of the Vancouver Power Company, becoming 
subsequently district auditor for the British Columbia Electric Company and then 
general accountant for the same firm. The position is now that of auditor. 
Having gathered wide and varied experience, Mr. Slaney is a young man who 
readily makes himself master of new conditions and with his ready mind easily 
penetrates the most problematical business situations. He is not only an auditor 
and accountant in the ordinary meaning of the word but has learned to understand 
business procedures and business growth to such an extent that he readily sees 
where remedies ought to be applied or improvements ought to be made. His 
services in connection with the British Columbia Electric Company are invaluable 
to that concern and he has received many tokens of high commendation from 
the officers of his firm. 

In 1901 Mr. Slaney was united in marriage to Miss Theresa Hall, a daughter 
of Air. and Mrs. Benjamin Hall, of Birmingham, England. In their family are 
'iree children, Charles, Reginald and Allan, the oldest of whom is attending 
niblic school. The family residence is located at Strathcona place, and there 
'Tr. and Mrs. Slaney often entertain a charming circle of friends. The former 



206 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

gives his allegiance in political matters to the conservative party and in religious 
faith adheres to the Congregational cKurch. He seeks recreation from his oner- 
ous and confining duties in gardening, shooting and fishing. An aggressive young 
man who deeply interests himself in his surroundings and the growth of his 
home city, he takes laudable interest in all enterprises promoted for the public 
welfare and is never lagging behind if time or money are needed in the advance- 
ment of a public cause. 



THOMAS T. DAUPHINEE. 

Thomas T. Dauphinee, of Vancouver, was one of the incorporators in 1911 
of Pretty's Timber Exchange, Ltd., a company second to none in the extent and 
importance of its operations as timber merchants of the northwest. Since 1901 
he has been a resident of British Columbia and since 1908 of Vancouver. He 
was born in Petite Riviere, Lunenburg county, Nova Scotia, September 14, 1879, 
a son of Captain Thomas and Alice A. (Drew) Dauphinee. The father was a 
native of Bedford, Nova Scotia, but in early life went to Petite Riviere, where 
he resided until 1883, when he removed to Liverpool, Nova Scotia, where his 
death occurred in 1899. He was a deep sea captain, spending the greater part of 
his life upon the water. 

In graded and high schools of Liverpool, Nova Scotia, Thomas T. Dauphinee 
pursued his education and after his graduation from the high school made his 
initial step in the business world as a clerk in the Union Bank of Halifax, where 
he continued for a year. He then resumed his education in 1898 by entering 
Dalhousie University at Halifax, where he spent a year. In 1901 he arrived 
in British Columbia, attracted by what he believed to be broader business 
opportunities and better advantages on the Pacific coast. He entered the employ 
of the John A. Lee Furniture Company at New Westminster, continuing in that 
business connection until 1904, when he became associated with Thomas R. 
Pearson, in the real-estate and insurance business in New Westminster. When 
that business was merged into the newly organized Dominion Trust Company 
he remained with the latter and was so engaged until 1908, when he became 
associated with Charles F. Pretty in the timber business. This business was 
founded by Mr. Pretty in 1903 and was incorporated in 1911 under the name 
of Pretty's Timber Exchange, Ltd., with a capital of five million dollars, Mr. 
Dauphinee becoming managing director. The company makes investments in 
large tracts of timber land, is interested also in the consolidation of small hold- 
ings and in the sale of the same. They employ a large force of men and a staff 
of experts, and make all necessary investigation as to the possibilities of the land, 
transportation fa'cilities and other questions and problems arising in connection 
with this business in all of its ramifying and varied trade relations. They own 
an extensive acreage of limits throughout the province of British Columbia. 
Mr. Dauphinee as managing director of the company is probably as well versed 
concerning the timber situation of the province as any man within its borders. 
He also has other extensive financial interests, being a director of Pearson's 
Ltd. ; a director of the Northwest Canada Trust Company, Ltd. ; president of the 
Capilano Rock & Gravel Company, Ltd. ; secretary of the Vancouver Dock & 
Harbor Extension Company, Ltd.; secretary-treasurer of the Hardscrabble 
Hydraulic Gold Mines, Ltd. ; director of the Greater Vancouver Company, Ltd., 
and has connection with various other interests. 

On the 8th of April, 1912, Mr. Dauphinee was married to Miss Eva B. 
McCaul, a daughter of John McCaul, of Vancouver. In politics he is inde- 
pendent and his fraternal relations are with the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. He is preeminently a business man, one capable of organizing and 
controlling important interests. He has given proof of his power to coordinate 
seemingly diverse and complex interests into a unified and harmonious whole. 




THOMAS T. DAUPHINEE 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 209 

His rise in the business world has been notably rapid for he is now only thirty- 
four years of age, yet he is at the head or connected with some of the most 
important commercial and financial enterprises of the province. Moreover, his 
work is constituting an important element in the development of the resources 
of British Columbia, bringing about splendid growth and progress and placing 
this section of the country on a par with the older east in all of its advantages and 
opportunities. One can scarcely measure the importance of his life work. There 
have been no esoteric chapters in his history; on the contrary, the record is an 
open book which all may read, and the lessons therein contained may be profit- 
ably followed showing what may be accomplished when one has the will to dare 
and to do and is not afraid to venture where favoring opportunity leads the way. 



THOMAS S. ANNANDALE. 

For twenty years Thomas S. Annandale was prominently connected with 
mercantile circles in New Westminster, conducting with rare ability extensive 
grocery establishments, which he disposed of in December, 1911, and is now 
giving his time to the management of his extensive interests, including city realty, 
farm holdings and investments in other enterprises. He was born in Forfar- 
shire, Scotland, on March 9, 1864, his parents being Robert B. and Ellen (Sturch) 
Annandale, both natives of that country. In the late '6os they removed to 
England, where the father passed the remainder of his life, his death occurring 
on January 30, 1913, at the age of eighty-three years, the mother having preceded 
him in death on May 24, 1908, at the age of seventy-three. Robert B. Annan- 
dale was for many years manager of the estates of the duke of Westminster and 
various other large properties. 

Thomas S. Annandale was reared amid the influences of a cultured home, 
acquiring his education in the grammar schools of Market Drayton and Chester, 
England. Upon reaching young manhood he became an assistant in his father's 
office, where he remained until 1891, when the opportunities offered in the Cana- 
dian west decided him to come to Vancouver, British Columbia, which was then 
but a small town. The enterprises in the town were yet in their infancy and there 
seemed little to do for an ambitious young man, Mr. Annandale having to content 
himself with playing "boss" over three Chinamen who were set to assorting 
potatoes. Seeing no immediate prospects in Vancouver, he remained but four 
months and then came to New Westminster, where he bought a part interest in 
the grocery business of William and George Wolfenden and in 1893 acquired his 
partner's share, becoming sole owner. From that time he conducted the business 
independently but in 1898 suffered a severe reverse when his store was destroyed 
by fire, it being the first building to burn on the main street during the conflagra- 
tion. Undaunted by his misfortune, however, Mr. Annandale gave a splendid 
demonstration of his aggressive spirit and enterprise by opening business the 
following morning on the street without a roof over his head, ordering a special 
car to be brought from Vancouver loaded with a new stock of goods. He soon 
had established himself on a vacant lot, on the site which is now occupied by 
le city library, and here he later built a small shack and continued in business 
for several months until he could secure store room in the Begbie block. As 
lis sales increased he made several removals and continued successfully in the 
grocery business until December 7, 1911, when he disposed of his two stores to 
jood advantage, his years of activity having brought him prosperity. His suc- 
:ess must largely be attributed to his honorable and fair methods, his understand- 
ing of the business and his earnest efforts to please his customers. In April, 
[912, Mr. Annandale and his family realized a long-cherished dream by making 
in extended trip to England, remaining for six months in the mother country 
md visiting places of old associations and historic interest. Since his return he 
is given his attention to the management of his various holdings, being also 



210 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

engaged in the loan and mortgage business. He owns a valuable farm at Chilli- 
wack, in which he takes a great interest and from which he derives great pleasure. 
To its cultivation he gives much of his attention and substantial rewards have 
come to him as the result of his labors. Moreover, he is a director of the New 
Westminster Trust Company, with which the family has been connected for 
many years, it being the oldest company of that kind in the province. 

In 1887 Mr. Annandale married Miss Sarah Crowder, of Shropshire, Eng- 
land, and her death occurred in 1905. To this union were born four children: 
Beatrice, at home ; Lindsay, of Stewart Lake, British Columbia ; and Thomas and 
Arthur, also at home. In August, 1907, Mr. Annandale married Miss Violet 
Pyne, of Devonshire, England, who bore him two children, Mary and Kenneth. 

Public-spirited and progressive, Mr. Annandale interests himself in all move- 
ments undertaken to promote the betterment of the people along material or 
intellectual lines. For many years he has served as justice of the peace, render- 
ing impartial and fair decisions which have established his reputation as one of 
the most just men in his city. As president of the Westminster Club he guides 
and cherishes the spirit of expansion in the city, standing ever ready to bear his 
share in time and money in promoting any worthy enterprise. He and his family 
are devout members of the Church of England, in which they take an active and 
helpful interest. Fraternally he is affiliated with the Masons, being a member 
of Lewis Lodge, A. F. & A. M. As the years have passed Mr. Annandale has 
attained to a foremost position in his community and has become recognized as 
one of its forceful elements, his sterling traits of character having won for him 
the high regard and confidence of all who have come into contact with him. 



ALEXANDER MORRISON. 

Among the real upbnilders and promoters of British Columbia, among the 
men whose initiative spirit, organizing power, industry and unfaltering deter- 
mination have constituted forceful factors in provincial growth, among the pro- 
moters of business enterprises and the founders of industrial institutions is num- 
bered Alexander Morrison, of Armstrong, Morrison & Company, Limited, gen- 
eral contractors of Vancouver. Through a period of activity in this line of 
work, extending from 1881 to the present time, he has become identified with 
some of the most important engineering and contracting work in the Dominion, 
has built public institutions, industrial plants, bridges and railroads and in so 
doing has gained prominence and success, standing today among the leading men 
of affairs in Vancouver, where he makes his home. 

Mr. Morrison was born in Motherwell, Scotland, on the igth of June, 1852, 
and is a son of Donald and Margaret (Ralston) Morrison, the former a native 
of Argyleshire and the latter of Lanark county, Scotland. The father resided at 
Motherwell for many years, acting as a mine manager, and in that city his death 
occurred. His wife afterward, in 1875, came to Canada, and died at Ottawa 
when she was eighty-five years of age. 

Alexander Morrison acquired his education in the public schools of his native 
community and there he afterward served a five years' apprenticeship to the 
builder's and millwright's trades, mastering these occupations in principle and 
detail and thus early laying the foundation of his future great success. After 
serving the required term he went to Govan, on the Clyde, and there followed 
shipbuilding from 1869 to 1871, after which he turned his attention to general 
contracting. He came to Canada in 1871 and resumed his occupation as a con- 
"tractor, a business in which he has been active and successful since that time. 
At first he devoted his time mainly to the erection of industrial plants and many 
of the buildings which house the most important business concerns in eastern 
Canada are the products of his skill and labor, prominent among these being 
the Magog Textile Mills at Magog, Quebec. In 1891 Mr. Morrison came west 




ALEXANDER MORRISON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 213 

to British Columbia and in New Westminster became associated with Dan 
McGillivray and W. H. Armstrong in the building of the city waterworks sys- 
tem, Mr. Morrison being superintendent of their steel pipe department. In the 
following year he formed a partnership with Mr. Armstrong and they thus 
began an association which has been productive of excellent results to the present 
time. The partners purchased the McGillivray plant at New Westminster and 
moved it to Vancouver, upon the old site of the Vancouver foundry, where they 
conducted an immense machine shop and pipe manufacturing plant. Both being 
well known in industrial circles as men of unusual ability and enterprise, they 
rapidly became identified with a great deal of important work, their first contract 
being for the construction of a huge water main from Main street to the reser- 
voir in Stanley Park, and they later completed the system from the narrows to 
the dam. In October, 1897, they began the construction of the railroad from 
Moyie lake to Kootenay Landing, including a long trestle at the head of Kootenay 
lake and a transfer slip. This was completed within a year and is known as 
Crow's Nest division of the Canadian Pacific Railway. With the expansion of 
their business they began the manufacture of mining machinery and they made 
and installed some of the largest hydraulic mining plants ever used in British 
Columbia, among them being the equipment for the Horse Fly gold mines on the 
Horse Fly river, the Bullion mines at Quesnel and many others of lesser im- 
portance. In 1901 they sold this plant to the Vancouver Engineering Company 
and started in the street building and paving business in Vancouver, this enter- 
prise proving as important and profitable as their previous business. They have 
paved many of the principal thoroughfares in the city with creosote blocks and 
bituminous rock and following the completion of this work in 1902 they turned 
their attention to bridge building, a special line of work in which they have 
attained great distinction, the company's name being coupled with the successful 
completion of important bridge construction work throughout the province. They 
built the bridge across the Fraser river at New Westminster for the provincial 
government and the partners count this among their most distinguished ac- 
complishments since their association because of the remarkable feats of engineer- 
ing which were necessary before all the difficulties could be overcome and the 
work completed. Against two diverse currents they were obliged to sink some of 
the deepest piers in the world, one measuring one hundred and forty feet below 
water surface, a pier in Australia one hundred and forty-one feet deep being its 
only rival. They have since built the Canadian Northern Railway bridge across 
False creek, the Granville street and Main street bridges in Vancouver, a govern- 
ment bridge across the Columbia river at Trail, British Columbia, five across the 
Thompson river for tire Canadian Northern Railway and two across the Fraser for 
the same corporation. These seven last mentioned bridges were begun at the 
same time, in August, 1912, and all were completed early in May, 1913, the 
rapidity with which the work was accomplished requiring the maintenance of a 
large plant in the building of each structure. From the importance of the work 
with which Armstrong, Morrison & Company, Limited, have been entrusted may 
be judged to some extent its standing in industrial circles, the prominence of its 
members, the prestige of its name. Its continued success has been founded on 
the harmony which exists between its members a harmony which since 1892 
has made the life of one of the partners virtually the life of the other, so closely 
have they been associated and with such success have they worked together. 
In 1897 W. C. Ditmars entered their employ and in 1903 was admitted to a part- 
nership and in the same year Robert Armstrong also joined the firm. The ac- 
tivities of these four men have been of such a nature that they have been insepa- 
rably connected with provincial upbuilding, their names standing among the 
makers of provincial history and their work forming one of the elements in the 
greatness and growth of the city of Vancouver. Naturally a man of Mr. Morri- 
son's force of personality, ability and high position has been carried forwa'rd in 
the course of years into important relations with the general business life and 
he has become connected with a great many representative business institutions, 



214 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

being a director in the Clayburn Company, of Clayburn, British Columbia, the 
Vancouver Granite Company and the Keremeos Land Company. He belongs to 
the Vancouver Board of Trade and is always to be found among the leaders in 
the promotion of projects of civic development and growth. 

On the pth of June, 1876, Mr. Morrison was united in marriage to Miss Mar- 
garet Birnie, of Glasgow, Scotland, and they have one son, Donald R., who is 
in business in Vancouver. Mr. Morrison is a member of St. John's Presbyterian 
church and from 1910 to 1912 served as president of both the Caledonian and 
the Gaelic Societies. He has sought and found much recreation in extensive 
travel. In Montreal he served for nine years with the Royal Scots of that city. 
He gives his political allegiance to the conservative party and in 1910 was defeated 
for the office of mayor of Vancouver, the large vote which he polled, however, 
evidencing his popularity and prominence. In the course of a business career in 
this city covering twenty-one years his contributions to municipal development 
have been many and substantial and his name stands as a synonym for progress, 
advancement and growth. He is numbered among the real builders of the city, 
among those who build for all time, making their work of inestimable present 
value and setting a high standard for those who follow after. 



STUART LIVINGSTON. 

Stuart Livingston who was called to the bar in 1889, has been in practice in 
Vancouver since 1899. He is the son of Thomas C. and Belvidera (Warner) 
Livingston, both of whom were natives of Ontario, and received his early educa- 
tion in the public schools in Hamilton and was later graduated from Toronto 
University with the degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1889. The same year he was 
called to the bar and immediately afterwards entered upon active practice in 
Hamilton in which he continued until 1899, when he removed to Vancouver 
and was called to the bar of British Columbia, his firm at the present time being 
known as Livingston, Garrett King & O'Dell. In his early years Mr. Livingston 
devoted some time to art and literature. 

Mr. Livingston was married to Miss Maud Chrysler of Hamilton and they 
have three children, Garrett, Eleanor and David. He is a member of the Van- 
couver, Terminal City, Jockey and Jericho Country Clubs. He is a member of 
the Masonic order and a conservative in politics. 



F. THOMAS COPE. 

The growth of Vancouver is one of the miracles of the west. Results have 
been accomplished in an astonishingly short space of time, making this one of 
the metropolitan cities of the coast, with its ramifying trade and business inter- 
ests reaching out in all directions. Every line of activity, almost, is here repre- 
sented and at the head of business enterprises are men of marked energy and 
determination who are making use of their opportunities and are contributing to 
the growth and upbuilding of the city as well as to individual success. Such a 
man is found in F. T. Cope, president of the firm of Cope & Son, Ltd., dealers 
in electrical supplies. He was born in Oxford, England, July 9, 1860, and is a. 
son of Thomas and Amelia Cope, the former an officer in the English army. At 
the usual age the son entered the public schools of his native city and continued 
his education until he had mastered the high-school branches. His arrival in 
Canada occurred in the year 1879, at which time he took up his abode in Mani- 
toba. ' He was engaged in general contracting in Winnipeg and Brandon and 
built a large number of the more prominent buildings in the latter city. For 
eighteen years he was identified with that province, but in 1897 continued his 




F. THOMAS COPE 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 217 

westward journey until he reached Vancouver, where he has since made his 
home. Here he established his present business as a dealer in electrical sup- 
plies and in 1905 his sons, Bert F. and Frank R., were admitted to a partnership, 
the business being continued under the firm name of Cope & Son until 1909, 
when it was incorporated as Cope & Son, Ltd., the father becoming president 
of the company. The sons are both still interested in the business, to which they 
devote their time and energies, and the enterprise, determination, close applica- 
tion and reliable business methods of the partners have brought them a large 
degree of success, which is continuously increasing. The father has also been a 
director in a number of local concerns, but at the present time is concentrating his 
energies upon the electrical supply business. 

On the ist of December, 1884, in Gladstone, Manitoba, Mr. Cope was united 
in marriage to Miss Margery West, a daughter of W. H. and Isabella West, the 
former an extensive farmer and landowner of Gladstone. The children of this 
marriage are the two sons previously mentioned as associates of their father in 
business. Mr. and Mrs. Cope hold membership in the English church. His 
political allegiance is given to the conservative party and his fraternal relations 
are with the Knights of Pythias and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
The hope that led him to seek a home in the new world has been here realized, 
for in the freedom and appreciation of this great and growing western country 
he has found the opportunities he sought and in their utilization has gained a sub- 
stantial position among the representative, practical and progressive business men 
of his adopted city. 

CHARLES J. LOEWEN. 

Cnarles J. Loewen, financial, real-estate, loan and insurance agent, and now 
senior partner of the firm of Loewen, Harvey & Preston, Ltd., has gained, through 
the exercise of opportunity and the possession of supreme and well developed 
ability, an enviable place in financial circles in Vancouver. He is a western man, 
possessed of the spirit of enterprise and progressiveness which is characteristic 
of the Pacific coast country. He was born in Victoria, February 22, 1867, and is 
a son of Joseph and Eva (Laumeister) Loewen. The father, a native of Ediger, 
Prussia, born in 1832, sailed for the United States in 1850, and settled first in 
New York city. In 1856 he removed to California, where for two years he 
engaged in mining, and in 1858 came to British Columbia, arriving in Victoria 
on the 4th of July of that year. He followed various occupations until 1870, 
when in association with Mr. Erb he founded the Victoria Brewery, Loewen & 
Erb, proprietors. He was active in the management of the business under that 
name until 1892, when a reorganization was effected under the name of the Vic- 
toria Phoenix Brewery, Ltd., of which Mr. Loewen remained as president until 
his death in 1906. Under his guidance the business grew and developed as the 
standard of excellence of its product became known and as his firm established 
its reputation for progressive methods and reliable dealing. Mr. Loewen was, 
moreover, widely known as a pioneer settler of this section of the country, wit- 
nessing its entire growth and development and taking active and helpful part in 
the work of general progress and improvement. 

Charles J. Loewen was reared in Victoria and was educated in the public 
schools there, after which he attended Trinity College School at Port Hope, 
Ontario. He next entered Trinity University at Toronto and was graduated in 
1887 with the degree of B. A. He then pursued a post-graduate course and won 
the Master of Arts degree from his alma mater in 1889. At the same time he was 
pursuing the study of law at Osgoode College, from which he was graduated in 
1890. He did not take up the practice of law, but his knowledge thereof has 
been of immense value to him in the conduct of his present business. On 
returning to Victoria he entered the real-estate and financial brokerage field in 



218 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

1891 with the firm of H. E. Croasdaile & Company, with whom he remained 
until 1893, when he came to Vancouver, where he embarked in the same line of 
business, but this time on his own account. He has since become well known 
as a financial, real-estate, loan and insurance agent of this city, being now senior 
partner of the firm of Loewen, Harvey & Preston, Ltd. The business was organ- 
ized in its present partnership relation in 1905, no change occurring save that a 
Mr. Humble, one of the early partners, has been succeeded by Sir Jacob Preston, 
of England. Mr. Loewen is the president of this company, which is conducting 
business as financial agents and real-estate, insurance and stock brokers, their 
specialty being the negotiation of first mortgage loans on city property. They 
also undertake investments in new buildings, the erection and management of 
business and office buildings, and they carry on a general rental business in 
that class of property. The firm has membership in the Vancouver and Victoria 
Stock Exchanges and is an extensive dealer in all classes of listed stocks and 
shares, government and municipal bonds. Aside from this Mr. Loewen has 
various financial interests and is a director and officer in a number of corporatipns. 
He is recognized as a man of notably sound judgment and remarkably keen 
insight and discrimination. A study of the business situation has given him 
comprehensive knowledge of investment values, enabling him to carefully pro- 
tect the interests of his clients and at the same time manage business affairs to 
the satisfaction of patrons and purchasers alike. 

On the 27th of June, 1898, in Vancouver, Mr. Loewen was united in marriage 
to Miss Edith Warren, a daughter of Colonel Falkland George Warren, C. B., 
C. M. G., R. H. A. Their children are Eva Maud and Charles Falkland. 

Mr. Loewen served as a private in the Queen's Own Rifles at Toronto from 
1885 until 1887. He is a prominent clubman, identified with various organiza- 
tions of this character on the coast including the Vancouver, Royal Vancouver 
Yacht, Vancouver Hunt and Jericho Country Clubs of Vancouver; the Union 
Club of Victoria, and the Royal Automobile Club of London, England. He is also 
a member of the Society of Native Sons of British Columbia, and is a devotee of 
rod and gun, while among indoor sports he is an expert billiard player. His 
recreation maintains an even balance with strenuous business activity, and he 
has learned to play hard as well as work hard, entering into everything with 
zest and a contagious enthusiasm. 



JOSEPH DIXON. 

Joseph Dixon, a well known manufacturer of Vancouver, owning as a mem- 
ber of the firm of Dixon & Murray a large and well equipped plant for the 
manufacture of a general line of office and store fixtures, has developed a large 
and gratifying business as the direct result of methods which neither seek nor 
require disguise. In fact, there is no esoteric chapter in his life history and 
careful analysis brings to light the fact that industry, laudable ambition and 
energy have been the salient forces in placing him among those who are fore- 
most in business circles in Vancouver today. Moreover, as a citizen he is ever 
progressive and he has been a witness of almost the entire growth and progress 
of Vancouver since it rose Phoenix-like from the ashes in 1886. He was born in 
Cumberland county, England, October 2, 1860, and is a son of James and Martha 
(Watson) Dixon. The father, who was a farmer of Cumberland county, died 
several months prior to the birth of his son, Joseph. 

The boy was educated in the common schools of Newbiggin, England, and 
as a youth was apprenticed to the carpenter's trade at Brampton, near Gaesland, 
England. After serving his apprenticeship he worked at carpentering at Dur- 
ham, England, until 1880, when the opportunities of the new world proved an 
irresistible attraction and he came to Canada, settling in Winnipeg, where he fol- 
lowed carpentering until 1883. In that year he came to British Columbia, locat- 







JOSEPH DIXON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 221 

ing at Victoria, where he worked at his trade until 1886 the year of his arrival 
in Granville, now Vancouver where he has since remained. He reached this 
city just prior to the great fire of June I3th which completely destroyed this 
village and all of Mr. Dixon's effects. With the rebuilding of the city he had 
no difficulty in finding work at his trade and was thus engaged until 1890, when 
he began operating as a carpenter-contractor on a small scale, the fourteen-by- 
twenty-feet, one-story building in which he started still standing in the rear of 
No. 136 Water street, 'forming a striking contrast to their present handsome and 
valuable structure. He was successful from the first, and soon built up a fine 
business, his expert workmanship, his fidelity to the terms of a contract and his 
honorable dealing on all occasions being the elements in his growing success. 
He operated alone until 1905, when he entered into partnership with E. O. Lyte 
under the firm name of Dixon & Lyte and at the same time began the manufac- 
ture of store and office fixtures, establishing a mill on Fender street in this 
city. This partnership was continued until 1907, in which year their plant was 
destroyed by fire. Soon afterward Mr. Dixon entered into partnership with 
George Murray under the firm name of Dixon & Murray, which association is 
still maintained. They erected a new plant at Dunsmuir street, in which they 
manufacture all kinds of office and store fixtures, conducting a growing and sat- 
isfactory business. Their plant is modern in its equipment, displaying the latest 
improved machinery needed in their line, and year by year their patronage has 
increased, for they ever recognize the fact that satisfied patrons are the best 
advertisement and thus they have endeavored to please the public in every possi- 
ble way commensurate with a high sense of business honor and integrity. In 
connection with their manufacturing interests they conduct a general carpenter- 
ing, contracting and jobbing business which has also extensive proportions and 
returns to them a gratifying income. In addition Mr. Dixon has other business 
and financial interests. 

On the 1 5th of May, 1892, was celebrated the marriage of Joseph Dixon and 
Katherine Cottier, a daughter of Robert C. Cottier, of Liverpool, England. She 
came to British Columbia with her family after the death of her father and her 
marriage to Mr. Dixon was solemnized in Vancouver. Living in this city for 
twenty-seven years, Mr. Dixon has witnessed almost its entire growth and develop- 
ment. In fact, he has seen Vancouver rise from the ashes of Granville, has 
watched its transformation and has borne his full part in the work of general 
progress and improvement, being at all times a public-spirited and progressive 
citizen whose labors have been productive of much good. 



WILLIAM JOHN HADDOCK. 

Commercial activity finds a worthy representative in William John Haddock, 
of the wholesale produce firm of Parsons-Haddock Company, Ltd. He was 
born in Drayton, Ontario, February 12, 1878, a son of Thomas and Mary 
(Mannell) Haddock. The father, leaving his old home in the vicinity of Dublin, 
Ireland, in 1840, came to Canada when a young man, settling near Holland, 
Ontario, in the Queen's Bush, where he took up wild land, which he cleared and 
developed, converting it into an excellent farm. He there carried on general 
agricultural pursuits for a quarter of a century, when he retired and removed to 
Drayton, Ontario, where he made his home until his death, which occurred in 
1902. Mrs. Haddock survives her husband and is now a resident of Vancouver. 

In the public schools of Palmerston, Ontario, William John Haddock pursued 
his early education and afterward attended high school at Listowel, Ontario. In 
1-^)4 he entered the employ of the Grand Trunk Railway Company in the ticket 
office at Palmerston, where he continued until 1898, when he went to the Cariboo 
district of British Columbia and entered the employ of Veith & Borland, general 
icrchants, at 150 Mile House, there remaining until 1903, when he came to Van- 

Vol. Ill 8 



222 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

couver and formed a partnership with John R. Parsons in the wholesale produce 
business, organizing the firm of Parsons-Haddock Company, Ltd., under which 
style the business has since been continued. The beginning was small, but the 
enterprise has been developed until they are now prominent factors in their line, 
conducting a large busines extending over the entire province. Their methods 
are progressive and their enterprise unfaltering. For a number of years Mr. 
Haddock traveled on the road in the interests of the firm, but now gives his undi- 
vided attention to the general management of the business in Vancouver, its 
growth rendering this a necessity. 

On the i4th of September, 1904, Mr. Haddock was united in marriage to Miss 
Gertrude Hall, a daughter of S. F. Hall, of 150 Mile House, formerly postmaster 
there and now living in Vancouver. They have one child, Mary Gertrude. In 
politics Mr. Haddock is a conservative, but the honors and emoluments of office 
have no attraction for him. He belongs to the Canadian Order of Foresters and 
to the United Commercial Travelers of America. Something more of the nature 
of the diversity of his interests is indicated in the fact that he holds member- 
ship in the Terminal City Club and in the Church of England. He has never had 
occasion to regret his determination to seek a home in the new and growing 
west, with its broader opportunities, for here he has found full scope for his 
energy and perseverance his dominant qualities whereby he has worked his 
way upward from a comparatively humble position to a recognized place of 
prominence in commercial circles. 



WILLIAM HENRY ARMSTRONG. 

So prominent a part has William Henry Armstrong played in the develop- 
ment of the northwest, that no history of Vancouver or of British Columbia 
would be complete were there failure to make mention of his life record. He is 
today one of the prominent and highly esteemed residents of Vancouver, carry- 
ing on with his other partners, an extensive and important contracting business 
under the firm name of Armstrong, Morrison & Company, Limited. He was 
born at Stratford, Ontario, September 18, 1857, and is a son of James and 
Martha (Cargill) Armstrong, the former a native of Darlington, England, 
and the latter of the north of Ireland. They were married in Ontario, where 
the father conducted business as a contractor and railroad builder to the time 
of his death, which occurred when he was sixty-five years of age. His widow 
is still active, retaining all her faculties at the age of eighty years, and resides 
in Vancouver, where she has made her home for the past twenty-two years. 

In the little school at Granton, a small town west of Stratford, Mr. Arm- 
strong received his early education. At the age of sixteen years he became a 
switchman on the old Grand Trunk Railway. In 1875, when eighteen years 
of age, he engaged with the bridge construction department of the Ontario 
division of that railway, and after several years of service, he decided to leave 
home and start for the then little known west. In March, 1877, he arrived 
in Winnipeg, and shortly afterwards entered the employ of the late Joseph 
Whitehead, who was just entering upon the construction of that very difficult 
portion of the Canadian Pacific Railway, known as section 15. He remained 
with Mr. Whitehead as master mechanic until the completion of the work in 
1883. In that year he decided to go still further west, following the Canadian 
Pacific Railway construction, and he, with M. J. Haney, who was manager of 
construction for Mr. Whitehead, left that part of the country and arrived in 
Victoria on the i5th of March. From there he went to Yale and entered the 
service of Andrew Onderdonk, who was carrying out the construction of the 
British Columbia section of the Canadian Pacific Railway, which work was 
completed in the fall of 1885. Mr. Armstrong then continued with Mr. Onder- 
donk who operated the road for nearly a year, running trains from Port -Moody 




WILLIAM H. ARMSTRONG 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 225 

to Kamloops. In 1886 he entered the service of the Canadian Pacific Railway 
as train master and general road master, which position he held for about two 
years. A publication some years later, wrote of him in connection with the 
Pioneer Canadian Pacific Railway train arriving in Vancouver on June 6, 
1886, as follows : "In charge of that epoch-making train that arrived even ahead 
of the train despatchers, or before train schedules were made out, was 'Big Bill,' 
now more decorously referred to as Mr. William H. Armstrong, head of the 
well known local contracting firm of Armstrong, Morrison & Company, Limited. 
His title in those early days was manager of construction. He has charge of 
track-laying and the completion of that portion of the line between Port Moody, 
which had been used as a temporary terminus, and Vancouver which had some 
time previous been decided on as the actual terminus." 

In 1887 Mr. Armstrong turned his attention to the general contracting busi- 
ness, which he carried on independently. Later he became associated with Dan 
McGillivray in the construction of the New Westminster water system. In 
1892 he formed a partnership with Alexander Morrison, which exists to the 
present day, and they are recognized as Vancouver's pioneer firm of contractors. 
They purchased the McGillivray plant at New Westminster and removed it to 
Vancouver upon the site of the old Vancouver foundry, conducting a large 
machine shop and pipe manufacturing plant. Important contracts were quickly 
awarded them, their first being for the construction of a huge water main on 
Main street, Vancouver, to the reservoir in Stanley Park, and they later com- 
pleted the system from the narrows to the dam. Gradually they extended the 
scope of their business to include the manufacture of mining machinery, and 
in this connection made and installed some of the machinery in the largest 
hydraulic mining plants of British Columbia, including the equipment for the 
Horse Fly gold mines on the Horse Fly river, the Bullion mines at Quesnel 
and many others of lesser importance. In 1901 they sold this plant to the 
Vancouver Engineering Works Company and turned their attention to the 
street paving and general contracting business in Vancouver, in which they again 
met with notable and well merited success. They have paved many of the 
principal thoroughfares of the city with creosoted wood blocks and bituminous 
rock. In 1897 Mr. Armstrong undertook and successfully completed the con- 
struction of a large section of the western end of the Crow's Nest branch of 
the Canadian Pacific Railway. This work included the tunnel at the head of 
Moyie lake and extended to and included the long trestle and transfer slip at 
Kootenay Landing, comprising in all about seventy miles of railway, which 
was completed in the record time of twelve months. In 1902 they took up the 
work of bridge building and have since attained great distinction in that con- 
nection, the firm name being coupled with the successful completion of impor- 
tant bridge building contracts throughout the province. They built the bridge 
across the Fraser river at New Westminster for the provincial government 
in which there were accomplished some remarkable feats of engineering. Against 
two diverse currents they were obliged to sink some of the deepest piers in 
the world, one extending one hundred and forty feet below the surface of the 
water; its only rival being a pier in Australia, which is one hundred and forty- 
one feet below the surface. They have since built the Great Northern Railway 
bridge across False creek, the Granville and Main street bridges in Vancouver, 
a bridge across the Columbia river at Trail, British Columbia, five across the 
Thompson river for the Canadian Northern Railway, and two across the Fraser for 
the same corporation. These seven last mentioned bridges were begun at the 
same time, in August, 1912, and were all completed in May, 1913, the rapidity 
with which the work was accomplished requiring the maintenance of a large plant 
in the vicinity of each structure. Much more might be written concerning the 
extent and importance of the business of Messrs. Armstrong, Morrison & Com- 
pany, Liniited, but their reputation is too well known to need extensive mention 
here. They rank with the ablest contractors of the northwest and their success 
has been builded upon the personal ability and business integrity and enterprise 



226 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

of the principals. In 1897 W. C. Ditmars entered their employ and in 1903 
was admitted to a partnership. In the same year Robert Armstrong also joined 
the firm. No company in the history of the province has had a more active part 
in the actual upbuilding of this great country. The builders of the railroads, 
the bridges and the machinery for the development of the mines must in any 
country be classed among its chief promoters, their labors proving a most vital 
and valuable element in the work of general progress and improvement. 

Aside from his connection with the contracting business, Mr. Armstrong 
has various other interests, being a British Columbia director of the Graham 
Island Coal & Timber Syndicate, Ltd., and president of the Clayburn Company, 
Ltd. The latter was organized in 1905 as the Vancouver Fire Clay Company, 
Ltd., and was incorporated in 1909 under its present title. They have the largest 
plant of its kind in British Columbia, around which they have built the town of' 
Clayburn, having all modern facilities. There is a private railroad line ex- 
tending through the town to the plant and they manufacture all kinds of build- 
ing and fire brick. Mr. Armstrong is also president of the Keremeos Land Com- 
pany, which was organized in 1907 and which owns more than two thousand 
acres of valuable fruit land in the Keremeos district of the Similkumeen. Dur- 
ing the last few years in which the company has been operating they have brought 
this land to a high state of cultivation. Mr. Armstrong is now building a beau- 
tiful home in the heart of that attractive district, in which he owns a very ex- 
tensive fruit ranch. On this place he grows apples, peaches, pears and many 
other varieties of fruit that are unsurpassed on this continent. He is likewise 
managing director of the Nicola Valley Coal & Coke Company, Ltd., one of the 
large coal mining companies of British Columbia. He is likewise vice president 
and director of the Pacific Marine Insurance Company of Vancouver, which 
is composed of a number of Vancouver's most representative citizens, Mr. Arm- 
strong being one of the original shareholders. His connection with any business 
enterprise is to his fellow citizens a guaranty of its solidity and reliability, and 
moreover, his connection with its management seems to be a sure guaranty of 
its success. 

In Victoria, British Columbia, on the ist of June, 1885, Mr. Armstrong was 
united in marriage to Miss Ellen Mildred Ward, of England. They are mem- 
bers of St. Paul's Anglican church, and Mr. Armstrong is also a life member 
of Ancient Landmark Lodge, No. 3, A. F. & A. M. of Winnipeg, and a mem- 
ber of the Vancouver Club since its incorporation. He is a life governor 
of the Vancouver General Hospital and is interested in many projects to pro- 
mote the welfare of the individual of the community at large. In politics he is 
a conservative, but not an active party worker. He owned the first automobile 
in British Columbia, a Stanley Steamer, which he purchased in Boston and 
brought to this province in 1899. There is today a no more enthusiastic motor- 
ist in British Columbia than Mr. Armstrong. It is characteristic of him that he 
enters into everything with which he becomes connected, whether it be pleasure, 
benevolent projects, church work or business, with an enthusiasm- that is con- 
tagious. His course and courage inspire confidence, for it is well known that 
he is ever on the side of progress and that his business activity is guided by 
sound principles. 



FRANK NOBLE TRITES. 

The name of Trites, Ltd., is a synonym for progressive real-estate activity. 
It indicates large business controlled by him whose name introduces this review, 
for to his credit stand various record sales of the city. There was a time when 
a prospective purchaser would hunt out the owner of property and between them 
would be concluded the transaction. Today practically all real-estate .transfers 
go through the hands of enterprising men who have made a close study of the 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 227 

business which at the present time is as carefully systematized and as wisely 
directed as that of any commercial, manufacturing or industrial concern. The 
consensus of public opinion names Frank Noble Trites as one of the foremost 
factors in real-estate circles not only in Vancouver but in all British Columbia. 
He was born in the province of New Brunswick, April 8, 1872, and is a son of 
Isaiah and Mary E. (Steeves) Trites, both of whose ancestors were members of a 
colony who settled in the vicinity of what is now Moncton, New Brunswick, about 
1700, coming to the new world from Germany. They were among the first settlers 
in that section of tfle American continent. Three or four families made the 
voyage, the Trites being represented by a father and seven sons. They landed 
in the fall of the year, expecting their provision ship to follow, but it never 
arrived, and the colonists had a hard winter, living as best they could on such 
food as they could obtain from the Indians until they could plant and raise a 
crop the following year. The Trites family is today a very large and influential 
one in Canada, the descendants of the original settlers being widely scattered over 
the Dominion. 

The ancestral home was maintained in the vicinity of Moncton for many 
years, and in the public schools of that place Frank Noble Trites pursued his 
education. His people were connected with agricultural interests and he remained 
upon the home farm until seventeen years of age. When it came time for him to 
enter business circles he considered the question of a favorable location and 
determined to try his fortune in the west. Accordingly in 1889 he left home 
then a young man of seventeen years and went to Seattle, Washington, where 
he engaged on a milk ranch for a short time until he became familiar with the 
country. He then, in 1890, crossed the border and became a resident of British 
Columbia, settling at Steveston, where he built and conducted a boarding house, 
continuing in that business for a year. He next became associated with George 
Blake in the publication of the Steveston Enterprise, a weekly paper, which was 
later removed to Wellington. Mr. Trites then embarked in merchandising, con- 
ducting a general store at Steveston, and later he joined the gold rush to the Atlin 
district, where he prospected for several months. On his return to Steveston he 
engaged in the hotel business and at the same time began acquiring farm lands 
which he developed and cultivated. He gradually increased his investments in 
farm lands in that neighborhood and still has large and valuable holdings in 
that vicinity. 

Mr. Trites' active connection with Vancouver dates from 1905, in which year 
he established a real-estate office, operating alone until 1909, when he formed the 
firm of Trites & Leslie. After a few months, however, he purchased his part- 
ner's interest and organized the firm of F. N. Trites & Company, Ltd., which 
company was afterward recapitalized and became the present firm of Trites, Ltd. 
As president Mr. Trites is now the executive head of the business. The company 
is conducting a general real-estate and financial brokerage business, handling 
subdivisions and acreage property, and they are very large operators in the real- 
estate field, having controlled many important deals. Mr. Trites is thoroughly 
conversant with realty values not only in this city but in other sections of the 
province, is an expert valuator, and his progressive methods have carried him far 
beyond the ranks of the majority. Many of his extensive real-estate operations 
have attracted attention throughout Canada, the United States and even abroad. 
One such was the sale, in 1909, of the Point Grey lands, owned by the government, 
a record sale, in which the firm disposed of six hundred and sixty acres for the 
sum of two million, six hundred and fourteen thousand dollars. At the time the 
tract was absolutely wild land and the prices obtained were unheard of for such 
land. Mr. Trites has always advertised extensively in Canada, the United States 
and abroad, and during the sale of the Point Grey lands he himself bought prop- 
erty to the value of two hundred and fifty thousand dollars. This land is now 
subdivided and constitutes one of Vancouver's most beautiful suburbs, the lots 
bringing a high figure. All this indicates the keen discernment and foresight of 
Mr. Trites whose judgment in matters of business, especially real estate, is seldom 



228 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

ever at fault. He made a personal investigation of prices all over the United 
States and Canada and so promoted his knowledge that he became recognized as 
an expert valuator, being thus able to satisfy himself that when he was discussing 
property he was giving correct information which the most thorough investigation 
would bear out. Beside his important and growing real-estate business he also 
has other financial interests, being secretary and director of the Alexander Land 
Company and the Arcadia Land Company and president of the recently organized 
Gilford Fish Company, Ltd., which is building a large cannery at Kingcome inlet. 
Aside from any company connection Mr. Trites is an extensive owner of both 
city and suburban realty and farm lands and his holdings bring him a most 
gratifying annual return. 

In 1900 Mr. Trites was married to Miss Mamie Pitts and following her demise 
he was married in 1906 to Miss Frances L. Ferris, who was born near Amherst- 
burg, Ontario. They had two children, but one is now deceased. The daughter, 
Helen, is with her parents. Mr. Trites is a conservative in politics. He was a 
councilman of Richmond from 1906 to 1911, and was the first to propose the 
establishment of a water supply for the island from the New Westminster plant 
for the township of Richmond. His labors were instrumental in securing the 
adoption of this plan, and today the farmers and in fact all residents of the island 
are supplied with pure water. His service in this and other connections has been 
actuated by a public-spirited devotion to the general good. He belongs to the 
Vancouver Commercial Club, and there is no man in the city who is more loyal 
to the public welfare or has firmer faith in what the future has in store for 
Vancouver. He never heedlessly passed by an opportunity to advance municipal 
interests and his cooperation is heartily and zealously given to many measures 
which have had direct bearing upon its welfare and upbuilding. He crossed the 
continent when a youth of seventeen years, dependent upon his own resources 
for whatever the world was to bring him of enjoyment or success. He has 
reached a high position and is now the possessor of almost all things that men 
covet as of value, and best of all, he has won it by his unaided exertions and his 
enterprise. His career is perhaps too near for its significance to be appraised at its 
true value, but the future will be able to trace the tremendous effect of his labors 
upon the best interests and upbuilding of the city which he makes his home. 



CECIL GOWER McLEAN. 

Cecil Gower McLean is president of the Traders Trust Company, Limited, of 
Vancouver and secretary and treasurer of the Western Union Fire Insurance 
Company, and by virtue of these connections and the commanding ability and 
force of personality which have made them possible one of the representative 
young business men of the city. He was born in Charlottetown, Prince Edward 
Island, in 1885 and is a son of A. A. McLean, who has represented that city in 
the Dominion parliament for seven years. 

Cecil Gower McLean acquired his later education in Prince of Wales College 
at Charlottetown, from which he was graduated in 1903. Immediately afterward 
he moved to Edmonton, Alberta, where he entered the local branch of the Bank 
of Nova Scotia as a clerk. After four years in this capacity he established him- 
self in the real-estate and brokerage business in Calgary, remaining in this con- 
nection for a year and a half, after which he came to Vancouver and here organ- 
ized the Western Union Fire Insurance Company, the stockholders of which 
comprise five hundred of Western Canada's most prominent business and profes- 
sional men. This is purely a western company and has become an important 
business factor in this part of the Dominion, for its growth has been rapid and 
its influence has increased yearly, much of the credit for this gratifying result 
being due to the energy, business acumen and enterprise of its founder, who 
since 1910 has acted as secretary and treasurer. The concern is now about to 




CECIL G. McLEAX 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 231 

amalgamate with the Ontario Fire Insurance Company. Mr. McLean has given 
a great deal of time and attention to the affairs of the Western Union Fire 
Insurance Company but has been active in other fields also, being a man of wide 
interests and resourceful ability. In June, 1912 he organized the Traders Trust 
Company, Limited, capitalized at two hundred and fifty thousand dollars and 
conducted entirely by Vancouver business men. Mr. McLean is president of this 
concern and in this position, calling for administrative ability and organizing 
power of a high order, has accomplished a great deal of constructive and far- 
sighted work. 

In Calgary, Alberta, in the spring of 1907, Mr. McLean was united in marriage 
to Miss Ida Locke, of Summerside, Prince Edward Island, and they have become 
the parents of two children, Ola Millicent and Rex. Mr. McLean is a conserva- 
tive in his political beliefs and a member of the Presbyterian church. He belongs 
to the Vancouver Commercial Club and is interested in the growth of the city, 
cooperating heartily in movements to promote its permanent interest. Although 
still a young man he has made important contributions to business development, 
two of the largest concerns in Vancouver owing their organization to his initiative 
spirit and their continued progress to his energy and enterprise. The future 
undoubtedly holds for him continued advancement along business lines and 
notable accomplishments in this field, for he possesses in his energy, integrity and 
progressive spirit the qualities which command success. 



HUGH B. GILMOUR. 

No history of the business or political development of British Columbia would 
be complete without mention of Hugh B. Gilmour, now manager of the Waterous 
Engine Company in Vancouver and one of the most active, able and progressive 
men in the city. Throughout a period of residence here dating from 1888 he has 
exerted a wide influence upon the development of some of its most important 
institutions and, being at all times high in his ideals and worthy in his standards, 
the influence has been a force for good in community advancement. He was 
born in Toronto, Ontario, in 1862, and is a son of Robert and Elizabeth (Bowie) 
Gilmour, natives of Barrhead, Renfrewshire, Scotland, whence they moved to 
Ontario about 1854. The father was master mechanic for the Grand Trunk 
Railroad for several years and had his headquarters in Montreal and in various 
parts of Ontario until 1883, when he went to Winnipeg as master mechanic for the 
Canadian Pacific line. He became well known in the line of work which claimed 
his attention during all of his active career and his prominence carried him for- 
ward into important relations with it, securing him a position as master mechanic 
for the Great Northern Railroad, his duties in that capacity bringing him to the 
United States. He died in Winnipeg in 1890, at the age of sixty-two, and was 
survived by his wife until 1911, her death occurring when she was eighty-one 
years of age. 

Hugh B. Gilmour acquired his education in the public schools of his native 
province and afterward attended the Ottawa Collegiate Institute. After he had 
laid aside his books he began his independent career in Ottawa, securing a position 
as an apprenticed mechanical engineer for the Vulcan Iron Works of that city. 
After serving his apprenticeship he became connected with the John Abel Engine 
Works at Woodbridge, Ontario, and there remained until 1883, when be came 
west as master mechanic for the Canadian Pacific Railroad at Calgary, Alberta. 
He was identified with a great deal of important construction work through the 
mountains and in all parts of British Columbia and in 1898 resigned from the 
service, having in the fifteen years of his connection with it aided in the great 
work of progress and development which has made British Columbia one of the 
greatest of the Canadian provinces. 






232 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

When he resigned from the Canadian Pacific Railroad Mr. Gilmour accepted 
the position of manager of the Waterous Engine Company, the main office and 
factory being located at Brantford, Ontario. He has control of the western 
branch covering Vancouver and the Yukon territory and he has given a great 
deal of his time, energy and attention to the development of the concern, the 
successful and rapid expansion of which is largely due to him. 

It is not alone along business lines, however, that Mr. Gilmour has done splen- 
did work for British Columbia. Unlike many men of wealth he has not left 
political service for others but has felt it a duty and an obligation to serve his 
fellowmen when they have indicated their desire for him to do so. In 1899 he was 
elected to the Vancouver city council, and during the time of his able and bene- 
ficial service served as chairman of the police and fire committee. From 1901 
to 1903 he represented the district of Vancouver in the provincial parliament, 
his influence during that time being always on the side of right, reform and 
progress and his vote cast only for measures which he believed would promote 
the best interests of the province. 

At Woodbridge, Ontario, in 1882, Mr. Gilmour was united in marriage to Miss 
Alf reda Nester, of Neustadt, Ontario, and they have three sons : Robert Noble, 
who is associated in business with his father; Frank Nester; and Stewart Hugh. 
Mr. Gilmour was president of the Imperial Trust Company during the existence 
of that concern and has had other important outside business connections. He 
gives his political allegiance to the liberal party and has important fraternal con- 
nection, being a member of Western Star Lodge, No. 10, I. O. O. F., and of Cas- 
cade Lodge, No. 12, A. F. & A. M. He has attained a position of distinction in 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, being past grand master of the grand 
lodge of British Columbia. He is a member of the Terminal City Club, and he 
and his wife are well known in social circles. Mr. Gilmour is a man of marked 
individuality, strong character and stalwart purpose, who in citizenship, in business 
relations and in private life commands the respect of all with whom he has been 
brought in contact. 



RT. REV. ADAM URIAS DE PENCIER., 

A spiritual leader and a man practical in the affairs of the world, one whose 
purity of purpose is acknowledged by all, Rt. Rev. Adam Urias de Pencier, bishop 
of New Westminster, exerts a vast influence over the people of his diocese an 
influence even greater than that over all the people of his province. An inces- 
sant worker in the ranks of the Anglican church, actively interested in civic 
affairs, his church is under his able guidance making great advances. He is one 
of those genial men readily understanding the springs of human conduct, one 
who reads deep in the lives of his fellow beings, understands them and gives 
readily his best efforts to help and guide them. Under his stimulating influence 
his diocese is growing fast and he manages its affairs with a strong hand and 
that kindly persuasion which ever exerts an influence upon human beings and 
brings them around the standard of a leader. 

Born at Burritts Rapids, Ontario, on February 9, 1866, Adam U. de 
Pencier is a son of P. Theodore and Sarah de Pencier. The father was a mill 
owner and farmer and a grandson of another Theodore von Pencier, an officer 
in Baron of Riedesel's Dragoons, part of the Hessian contingent serving 
under the British crown in the American war of independence under Burgoyne. 
The father was born on the banks of the Rideau river, on land given by the 
government for services rendered. Bishop de Pencier's mother's people were 
Eastmans of Pennsylvania but originally from Kent, England, and of United 
Empire Loyalist stock. Both parents are deceased. 

Bishop de Pencier was educated in the public and high schools of Kempt- 
ville, Ontario, and also had as a private tutor the late Rev. Canon Lowe of 







ET. REV. ADAM U. DE PENCIER 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 235 

Ottawa, Ontario. At the entrance examinations to the Kemptville high school in 
1880 he won the gold medal, early distinguishing himself by his wide knowledge 
and his purposeful work. In the expectation of devoting himself to teaching 
he trained at the Ottawa Normal School under Dr. MacCabe and was at one 
time assistant to the first principal in the first county model school at Richmond, 
Ontario. He matriculated at Trinity University, Toronto, in 1885 but did not 
go into residence until 1893, in which year he took up the arts course. He 
graduated as Bachelor of Arts in 1895. Under the tuition of the late Canon 
R. L. M. Houston and the late Archdeacon Bedford Jones, of Ontario, he was 
prepared for Holy Orders and ordained deacon by the late Archbishop Lewis in 
1890 and priested in the same year by that dignitary. After ordination he was 
appointed incumbent at Navan in the diocese of Ontario, remaining there from 
1890 to 1893. I" l &94 he went to St. Albans cathedral at Toronto as vicar and 
in 1897 became incumbent at Uxbridge, Ontario, so remaining from 1898 to 1900. 
He was senior curate to Canon Welsh at St. James cathedral in Toronto and 
afterward went to St. Matthew's at Brandon, Manitoba, as rector, succeeding 
the present bishop of Qu' Appelle (Dr. Harding) in 1900. While in charge two 
churches were built, St. George's and St. Mary's, and upon his resigning the 
rectorship two seperate parishes were established. On leaving Brandon, Bishop 
de Pencier was offered the rectorship of St. Paul's at Vancouver by the late 
Bishop Dart through the good services of the late Archdeacon Pentreath. On 
the death of Bishop Dart, Bishop de Pencier was elected bishop of New West- 
minster at the synod held in Holy Trinity church in June, 1910. In 1911 the 
University of Trinity College conferred on him the degree of D. D. (honoris 
causa). 

In 1895 Bishop de Pencier married Nina Frederick Wells, the only daughter 
of Lieutenant Fred Wells, of the First Royals. The father rendered distin- 
guished service through the Crimean war. Bishop and Mrs. de Pencier are the 
parents of four sons and two daughters: Theodore Frederick Wells, attending 
McGill University; John Dartnell and Joseph Christian, at University School, 
Victoria ; Nina Hortense and Sarah Elizabeth, at home ; and Eric Andrew Edwin. 

Bishop de Pencier is typical of the churchman of the times, ohe who readily 
participates in all the joys and sorrows of his fellow beings. It is this strong 
humane spirit which makes him the powerful influence in the moral advance- 
ment of his province and the strong factor in the growth of his church. From 
him radiates that smiling kindness which brings cheer to every heart. The Bishop 
is a commanding figure, standing over six feet high, and is familiar to every inhab- 
itant of New Westminster. During the coronation of their majesties, the king and 
queen, Bishop de Pencier received a royal command to attend and in company with 
other over-seas bishops had the distinction of participating in the historic event at 
Westminster Abbey. He is as loyal to his country and his king as he is to the 
charge which has been given into his hands and all of his actions are permeated 
with that loyalty and guided by his strong character. 



HENRY WILFRED MAYNARD. 

Henry Wilfred Maynard, district manager for the Canadian Explosives, Ltd., 
\v;is born at Rhyl, Wales, July 31, 1867, his parents being Colonel Edmond 
Gilling and Gertrude (Trevor-Roper) Maynard. The father was colonel of the 
Eighty-eighth Connaught Rangers, an Irish regiment, which he commanded 
through the Crimean war and also in the Indian mutiny. 

The family came to America during the childhood days of Henry W. Maynard 
and established their home at San Jose, California, where he attended the public 
schools. He started in the business world in connection with the lumber trade 
Of I'uget Sound, being employed for a number of years in various capacities as a 
representative of lumber interests. In 1891 he came to Vancouver to take charge 



236 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

of the business of the Hamilton Powder Company, which in 1911 was merged into 
the Canadian Explosives, Ltd., Mr. Maynard being retained as manager. The 
steps in his orderly progression are easily discernible. He has advanced steadily 
from one point to another and each point has had a broader outlook and wider 
opportunities. His worth and industry have constituted the rounds of the ladder 
on which he has climbed to his present enviable and responsible position. In addi- 
tion to his connection with the Canadian Explosives, Ltd., he owns considerable 
real estate in Vancouver and is also a stockholder and one of the directors of the 
Vancouver & Nanaimo Coal Company, Ltd., of Vancouver. 

On the 1 5th of May, 1894, in the city in which he makes his home, Mr. May- 
nard was married to Miss Emily Stewart, a daughter of Donald and Margaret 
Stewart, the former now deceased. As is indicated by the surname, she comes 
of an old Scotch family. By this marriage have been born three daughters, Ger- 
trude Eva, Margaret Emily and Catherine Easterby. 

In politics Mr. Maynard is a conservative, and his religious faith is that 
of the Presbyterian church. He is a member of the Terminal City Club and is 
thus connected with various interests and activities which feature in the life of 
Vancouver and are forces in its development and expansion. Mr. Maynard has 
never sought to figure prominently in any public relation, but his life history 
is not without its lessons to all who recognize the true worth and value of 
character. 



JOHN JAMES MAcKAY. 

New Westminster has been signally favored in the class of men who have 
occupied her public offices, in which connection John James MacKay is well 
known, being the city treasurer. He was born at East River, Pictou county, Nova 
Scotia, July 4, 1852, his parents being Donald and Annie (McFarland') MacKay, 
who were also natives of Pictou county. Donald MacKay's grandfather, who 
was wounded at the capture of the city of Quebec, retired from the army and set- 
tled near New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, where he owned valuable coal lands. His 
son, Alexander MacKay, married a Miss Eraser and took up his abode on the 
East river, where his son, Donald, father of John J. MacKay, was born. Donald 
MacKay engaged in farming and stock-raising for a time and afterward removed 
to vSherbrooke, Guysborough county, where he was connected with a lumber mill, 
while afterward he engaged in quartz milling and gold amalgamating. 

In the public schools of Sherbrooke, J. J. MacKay pursued his early education 
and later attended Eaton & Frazee's Business College in the city of Halifax, Nova 
Scotia, in 1870 and 1871. His first position was that of clerk and bookkeeper with 
a shipbuilding, domestic and foreign shipping, importing and trading company 
in the town of Sherbrooke, with which he remained for ten years, spending a part 
of the years 1870 and 1871 in the city of Halifax as a student in the commercial 
college but afterward returning to his old employers. 

In 1881 Mr. MacKay came to British Columbia and engaged in the government 
telegraph and postoffice service. He was also with the Canadian Pacific Railway 
for a time and in 1883 was appointed general agent and accountant of the British 
Columbia Express Company at Yale while steamboating was operated to that 
point. Afterward at Ashcroft he became the secretary, treasurer, auditor and one 
of the directors respectively of that company, but at length sold all his interests 
and resigned his position in 1898 preparatory to removal to Vancouver. In that 
city he became a shareholder and secretary-treasurer of a manufacturing confec- 
tionery and biscuit company but resigned from that position and removed to New 
Westminster, British Columbia, where he purchased a book and stationery store 
which he conducted for a few years, selling the business, however, in 1909. 

Mr. MacKay has been more or less active in public life, performing service of a 
varied yet important character. He compiled the voters' lists in 1879, was clerk 




JOHN J. MACKAY 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 239 

of the county court of Sherbrooke, Nova Scotia, in 1880 and was made notary 
public in British Columbia in 1887. He was also school trustee and secretary of 
the school board in Ashcroft, British Columbia, from the time the school district 
was organized until his removal from the town in 1898. Seeing possibilities for 
the development of agricultural interests through organized effort, he was largely 
instrumental in instituting and organizing the Inland Agricultural Association of 
British Columbia, which was the first agricultural society in the province east of 
the Cascade mountains. He served as secretary and treasurer of that society until 
his removal from the town in 1898. In 1910 he was appointed treasurer and 
accountant of the city of New Westminster, which position he now fills, making a 
creditable record in office as the custodian of the public funds. He is very prompt 
and systematic in the discharge of his duties and his worth is widely acknowledged 
by all who know aught of public affairs in New Westminster. 

Mr. MacKay is also a member of the Board of Trade of New Westminster. 
He votes with the conservative party and was government candidate in the district 
of Yale for provincial election in 1898, but was defeated by Charles A. Temlin, a 
leader of the opposition, who became premier. 

On the 2oth of August, 1891, at Hyde Park, Massachusetts, Mr. MacKay was 
united in marriage to Miss Rebecca S. Elliot, of Sherbrooke, Nova Scotia, a 
daughter of the late Henry Elliot, who was a son of Lieutenant Dr. Henry F. 
Elliot of the Minto branch of the Elliots and cousin of Sir Henry G. Elliot, K. C. 
M. G., C. B., who distinguished himself both in the army and as a British consul 
and representative. He died in South Africa in the year 1913. Her grandfather, 
Lieutenant Elliot, referred to above, was wounded in the battle of Waterloo while 
riding at the head of his company. Mr. and Mrs. MacKay became parents of 
three children: Elliot, born in 1893 ; Jean, who was born in 1899 and died in 1911 ; 
and Donna, born in 1903. The parents are Presbyterians and Mr. MacKay is a 
member of the session at St. Andrew's church at New Westminster. He is also a 
member of the board of managers of Westminster Hall, the Presbyterian Theo- 
logical College at Vancouver. He was a member of Kamloops Lodge, I. O. O. F., 
and a charter member of Ashcroft Lodge, I. O. O. F., in which he held the office 
of treasurer. He has labored diligently in both business and official connections, 
accomplishing what he has undertaken and proving his right to rank with the rep- 
resentative citizens of the community in which he makes his home. 



WALTER SQUSTER ROSE. 

To have attained success before the age of thirty Walter Souster Rose must 
be a remarkable young man, and it can be but ascribed to a natural insight into 
conditions and circumstances which cannot be acquired but is to a large extent 
intuitive. Although not yet twenty-eight years of age, Mr. Rose is secretary of 
the Edmonds Development Company, Ltd., and managing director of the British 
North America Securities Corporation, Ltd., and in these connections represents 
two companies which play an important part in the upbuilding and growth of the 
province. Careful of his own interests and considerate of those of others, Mr. 
Rose ever controls his actions with a view toward civic improvement and must 
be truly counted as one of the forces that have made and are making New 
Westminster a town of metropolitan proportions. A native of England, he was 
born August 3, 1885, and is a son of M. and Julia (Souster) Rose. His birthplace 
is Burton-on-Trent, and there he attended grammar school. He commenced his 
career by becoming a member of the banking profession as an employe of Lloyd's 
Bank, Ltd., remaining with that well known institution until 1907. In 1908 we 
find him in New Westminster, British Columbia, where he established himself ^as 
a broker. His experience with Lloyd's and his natural ability soon brought him 
the fore and he became an active factor in semi-financial and real-estate organ- 
ations, being instrumental in organizing the Edmonds Development Company, 



240 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

Ltd., and the British North America Securities Corporation, Ltd. both of which 
institutions are holders of large tracts of real estate. With the former company 
he served in the capacity of secretary and of the latter he is managing director, 
doing as its head much in extending its useful scope of activity. Capable, earnest' 
and conscientious, shrewd and modern in his tendencies, he is a business man 
typical of the Canadian northwest and well fitted for its exploitation and develop- 
ment. He has made his place in New Westminster as one of the foremost young 
business men of the town and is as ready to promote the general welfare as the 
interests of the two large corporations in which he is a stockholder. 

On September 21, 1910, at Edmonds, British Columbia, Mr. Rose was united 
in marriage to Miss Ethel Mary Bradley, a member of an old Devonshire family, 
while his own, the Rose family, were of prominence in Devonshire, England. 
Mr. and Mrs. Rose have one son, Reginald Walter. 

Although not aspiring to public office, Mr. Rose has ever taken a decided stand 
upon political questions and gives his support steadfastly to the conservative 
party. He is a member of the Church of England and interested in the extension 
work of that organization. In clubdom he is known as a member of the West- 
minster Club and there associates with men to whose hearts is dear the improve- 
ment of the city not only along material lines but also as regards intellectual and 
moral upbuilding. He is president of the Burnaby Lodge, Sons of England, and 
as such keeps fresh the ties that bind the colony to the mother country. Viewed 
from every point, the career of Mr. Rose thus far has been an entire success, 
for he has not only attained financial independence but has won honor and esteem 
by his accomplishments, and judging by what he has done thus far, it is safe to 
prophesy that a distinguished career is in store for him, a career that will not only 
bring to him wealth and fame but will have a decided and stimulating influence 
upon the further advancement of New Westminster and British Columbia. 



EVERT L. KIN MAN. 

Evert L. Kinman is the president of the Imperial Timber & Trading Company, 
Ltd., of Vancouver. For twenty-two years he has been connected with lumber and 
mining interests in this province, and as the years have passed on has made con- 
tinuous progress, while his success has always been an element in the general busi- 
ness development as well as in individual prosperity. He was born in Novelty, 
Knox county, Missouri, March 9, 18/0, his parents being Anderson and Sarah 
(Hinman) Kinman, the former a native of Indiana and the latter of Illinois. In 
1859 they became residents of Missouri, where the father carried on farming 
throughout the remainder of his life, passing away in 1892, while his wife sur- 
vived until 1902. They were the parents of nine children, Evert being the only 
one residing in Canada. 

After mastering the branches of learning taught in the public schools of his 
native county, Evert L. Kinman there attended Oak Lawn College, and then think- 
ing to find better and broader business opportunities on the Pacific coast he made 
his way from Missouri to the state of Washington and was employed in various 
sections of the state. In the summer of 1892 he came to British Columbia, where 
he engaged in prospecting, mining, timber cruising and lumbering. He spent one 
year as government road superintendent in the west Kootenay district, and he in- 
troduced the first steam engine ever used in the logging camps of the interior of 
British Columbia, this being put into use at Trout Lake. He located the greater 
part of all the timber in the vicinity of Trout Lake, which is now owned by an 
English corporation. He also located the timber on the Duncan river, now owned 
by the Royal Lumber Company, and he located the present holdings of the Adams 
River Lumber Company. Mr. Kinman and partners own one hundred and thirty 
square miles, or eighty-three thousand two hundred acres, of fine timber on 




EVERT L. KINMAN 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 243 

Vancouver island and Columbia river. In the years of his previous experience as 
Mr. Kinman saw opportunity for judicious investment he kept adding to his hold- 
ings, which are now extremely extensive and valuable. He organized the Imperial 
Timber & Trading Company, Ltd., which was formed in 1905 and of which he is 
the president and managing director. They operate on the coast of British Co- 
lumbia and are engaged in the wholesale lumber business throughout this province 
and the Dominion. They also export to European markets, much of their product 
going to European ports by way of the Suez canal. In 1910 he organized a com- 
pany known as the Omineca Mines, Ltd., operating near Hazelton, British Colum- 
bia, on the Erie claim and Four Mile Mountain. They own silver and lead prop- 
erties which are now being developed and they are already shipping ore from 
development work. For more than two decades Mr. Kinman has been identified 
with lumber and mining interests in this province, spending the greater part of the 
time in the interior, although during the last seven years he has remained in Van- 
couver and on the coast. He has engaged in various different lines of work, has 
traveled over and explored much of British Columbia, and there are few living 
men who have seen more of this province or are more thoroughly acquainted with 
its natural resources and its possibilities. In 1898 he joined the gold rush to the 
north, going by way of Stikine river and Dease lake to the divide between the 
Pelly and Leaird rivers, where he spent one season. 

In 1898, in Missouri, Mr. Kinman was united in marriage to Miss Estelle 
Murphy, a native of Missouri, and they have three children : Holmes Anderson, 
Marjorie Ruth and Bill. While Mr. Kinman usually exercises his right of fran- 
chise in support of the liberal party, he has never been active in politics. He is a 
member of the Royal Vancouver Yacht Club, the Progress Club, the Press Club 
and the Chamber of Mines, and is interested in all the various projects which 
have to do with tiie upbuilding of the city and this section of the country. He 
stands today among the prominent and successful men of Vancouver by reason of 
the fact that he has overcome obstacles and difficulties by energy and enterprise. 
He early recognized the fact that there is no royal road to wealth and that the path 
of successful labor is an upward one. He has never failed to put forth the effort 
necessary for advancement and his initiative, perseverance and sound judgment, 
as manifest in judicious investments and careful management, have brought him to 
a prominent position among the lumbermen of the northwest. 



CONWAY EDWARD CARTWRIGHT. 

Enjoying a large practice and well earned reputation as a consulting civil 
engineer, Conway Edward Cartwright is today regarded as one of the repre- 
sentative residents of Vancouver. He was born in Toronto, Ontario, October 14, 
1864, his parents being the Rev. Conway Edward and Mary Letitia Cartwright. 
The family was founded in the new world by the great-great-grandfather, who 
sailed from Yorkshire, England, to America in about 1700 and settled in Albany, 
New York, where he was married. At the time of the American revolution the 
family remained loyal to England, being among the United Empire Loyalists who 
left the United States and came to Canada, the great-grandfather settling in Onta- 
rio. The Rev. Conway Edward Cartwright, born at Kingston, Ontario, was edu- 
cated in Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, from which he was graduated with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts. He became a minister of the Church of England and 
was rector of a church at Kingston, Ontario, until his retirement from the ministry 
in 1905, when he came to Vancouver, British Columbia, where both he and his wife 
are now living. He married Miss Mary Letitia Johnson, a native of Belfast, 
Ireland, in which city the wedding ceremony was performed. They are the 

irents of four daughters and three sons. Two of the daughters, Mrs. R. H. H. 

Alexander and Mrs. A. J. Matheson, now reside in Vancouver. One son, George 



244 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

S., is a lieutenant colonel in the Royal Engineers and lives in England. Another 
son, Cosmos, is in the Bureau of Mines at Ottawa. 

Conway Edward Cartwright, the eldest son, supplemented his early education 
by study in the Royal Military Academy at Kingston, Ontario, from which he was 
graduated. With the completion of his collegiate course he turned his attention 
to the practice of civil engineering on the Pontiac Pacific Railway at Quebec in 
1885 and remained in that connection until 1888, when he went to Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia, where he entered upon the private practice of his profession, being chiefly 
engaged in railway construction work in the southern and central states until 
1896. In that year he became assistant chief engineer on the New York & Ottawa 
Railway with headquarters at Cornwall, Ontario, and remained in that position of 
responsibility until 1899, when he became associated with the Canadian Pacific 
Railroad and came to Vancouver, which city has continued to be his home to the 
present time. In 1905 he was made division engineer of the Canadian Pacific 
Railroad, having charge of the Pacific division, and continued as such until 1910, 
when he resigned to enter upon the private practice of his profession as a consult- 
ing civil engineer, in which department of labor he still continues. He has been 
very successful and now has a large practice of a distinctively representative char- 
acter. The steps in his orderly progression are easily discernible. Each change 
has brought him a broader outlook and wider opportunities, and as the years 
have gone on he has gained a creditable name and place for himself in profes- 
sional circles. His high standing is indicated in the fact that he has been admitted 
to membership in the Canadian Society of Civil Engineers and to the American 
Railway and Maintenance Association. He is also a member of the board of man- 
agement of the British Columbia Land Surveyors. He is a director of the Pacific 
May-Otway Automatic Fire Alarms, Ltd., an automatic fire alarm system, which 
is being used extensively all over the world. 

In 1889 Mr. Cartwright was united in marriage to Miss Mary Elizabeth 
Harvey and for fourteen years they have been residents of Vancouver. Mrs. 
Cartwright is a daughter of the late Major John Harvey, of the Royal Artillery 
of Wexford, Ireland. Mr. Cartwright's military history covers service as lieu- 
tenant of the Halifax Battalion in the Northwest rebellion of 1885. Patriotism 
has ever been one of the strong characteristics of his life, and in all matters of 
general moment he displays a public-spirited citizenship that ever seeks the good 
of city, province and country. Appreciative of the social amenities of life, he is 
connected with the Vancouver Club, in which he has won merited popularity. 



RONALD CAMPBELL CAMPBELL-JOHNSTON. 

Ronald Campbell Campbell-Johnston, mining and metallurgical engineer, with 
offices in Vancouver, has followed his profession in various parts of the world 
and is well known in mining circles through his contributions to scientific journals. 
He was born at Oban, Argyleshire, Scotland, September 18, 1863, his parents be- 
ing Alexander R. and Frances (Bury-Palliser) Campbell- Johnston, the former a 
native of Scotland and the latter of Ireland. The father was minister extraordi- 
nary and envoy plenipotentiary from Great Britain to China, being for thirty 
years .connected with the diplomatic service. He took over Hong Kong from the 
Chinese for the British government and accomplished much else that has found 
important place on the pages of history. He died in 1896, after reaching the age 
of eighty years. The Campbell-Johnston estate in Scotland is known as Carnsal- 
loch and is situated on the Nith river in Dumfriesshire. It has been in possession 
of the family since the sixteenth century and is now occupied by the eldest son, 
Captain A. F. Campbell- Johnston. It is a very extensive and beautiful estate and 
King Charles I granted to the family a charter for the exclusive right to the 
salmon fisheries on the Nith river for a distance of twenty-five miles from the 
estate to the mouth of the river. 




RONALD C. CAMPBELL-JOHNSTON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 247 

The mother of R. C. Campbell- Johnston was a sister of Admiral Bury-Palliser, 
who commanded the British fleet on this coast from 1900 to 1905. She was also 
a first cousin of Sir John Palliser, who crossed Canada to the Pacific with Mac- 
Kenzie in 1838, and it is in his honor that the Palliser range of mountains has been 
so called. Another cousin and a brother of Sir John Palliser was Major Edward 
Palliser, whose name is inseparably connected with Canadian history because of 
the prominent part which he took in the Kiel rebellion. He was the man who took 
a canoe loaded with ammunition to a fort a task full of hazard and successfully 
passed through the enemy's forces into the safety of the fort. He was a very 
courageous and distinguished man. 

Ronald C. Campbell- Johnston was educated at Sherbourne School, England, 
and in the Royal School of Mines at London, from which he was graduated in 
1881. He then arranged to serve his apprenticeship as a mining engineer with 
John Taylor & Sons, celebrated representatives of the profession in London, and 
while in their employ he spent much time in charge of mines in India. He served 
his apprenticeship as metallurgical engineer under his father-in-law, Alfred Senior 
Merry, a partner in the firm of H. H. Vivian & Company, who refined nickel, co- 
balt and copper ores at Swansea, Wales. In 1888 he came to the United States in 
the employ of Vivian & Company, in charge of the zinc mines at Joplin, Missouri. 
There he remained for two years. He then returned to Swansea and was assigned 
to the nickel mines at Sudbury, Ontario, where he continued for a year. At the 
close of 1890 he severed his connection with the firm and came to British Colum- 
bia, taking up his abode in Vancouver. There he opened an assay and consultation 
office, which he maintained until 1896, when he went to the Kootenay and Boun- 
dary country, spending ten years in that locality, two years of which time he was 
consulting engineer for Mackenzie & Mann, while the remainder of the time was 
devoted to the general practice of his profession. In 1906 he returned to Vancou- 
ver and again opened an office as consulting engineer. When the Ground Hog 
anthracite coal fields first attracted attention in 1910 he began to act for interests 
there, but this requires only a comparatively small part of his time. His practice 
covers a large area and he has clients on Vancouver island, Queen Charlotte 
islands and all along the British Columbia coast to the Portland canal and in the 
interior from the Similkameen valley to the Peace river. His work covers all the 
commercial fuels and metals, including gold, silver, copper, lead, iron and zinc. 
His wide study and his broad, practical experience have placed him in a foremost 
position among the mining and metallurgical engineers of the northwest and his 
practice is extensive and important. 

On the 6th of January, 1886, near Swansea, Wales, Mr. Campbell- Johnston was 
married to Miss Amy Merry, a daughter of Alfred Senior Merry, a representative 
of an old Derbyshire family. The family estate is Barton Hall and is one of the 
very few estates that have been held continuously by one family since the time of 
William the Conqueror. It is situated at Dovedale, Derbyshire, England, and is a 
most beautiful place. Mrs. Campbell- Johnston always accompanies her husband 
in his travels. They have traveled extensively in India, the .United States and 
Canada and she knows the province of British Columbia as perhaps few women 
do. She was the first white woman who ever set foot upon certain parts of the 
Ground Hog and Kootenay districts. She is well posted on the history of the 
Indians and the legends of the tribes. In the public museum is a case bearing a 
large collection of curios, Indian relics and costijoies, the latter consisting prin- 
cipally of those of the famous medicine men and witches, secured from the tribes 
of the Upper Skeena river, while the relics came from Naas river, Vancouver 
and Queen Charlotte islands and other parts of the province. To this collection 
Mr. Campbell- Johnston adds from 'time to time upon his return from various 
expeditions. He also has some very interesting curios from India. He writes for 
the scientific journals on matters pertaining to geology, minerals and metallurgy 
and his wife also displays most creditable literary merit as a writer of travel stories 
and also articles for the magazines and local press on woman suffrage, in behalf 
of which she is a sincere worker. Mr. and Mrs. Campbell- Johnston have three 



248 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

children, two sons and a daughter : Amy Campbell, who is the wife of J. R. 
Armytage-Moore, of County Cavan, Ireland; Ronald Alfred, a journalist con- 
nected with the Vancouver World; and Alexander Campbell Campbell-Johnston, 
now attending college. 

In politics Mr. Campbell-Johnston is a liberal and takes a deep interest in en- 
actments yet is not a worker in party ranks. His professional services have car- 
ried him into various sections of the country and no man is able to speak with 
greater authority upon the northwest, its conditions, its resources and its possi- 
bilities. His ideals of life have ever been high and he constantly works toward 
them whether in professional or other connections. 



CHARLES BELL BUDDLE 

Charles Bell Buddie, a barrister who has become recognized as a well quali- 
fied and able member of the Vancouver bar, was born in Auckland, New Zealand, 
January 25, 1884. His parents were Charles Frederick and Eliza (Bell) Buddie, 
the former a barrister who was engaged in practice in New Zealand for a number 
of years. The son attended Wellington College, Wellington, New Zealand, and 
subsequently entered the University of New Zealand in preparation for the prac- 
tice of law, completing his law course in 1909, at which time the LL. B. degree 
was conferred upon him. The following year he arrived in Vancouver and 
entered upon active practice in connection with the firm of Whiteside & Robert- 
son, barristers. He was called to the bar of Vancouver in 1911, at which time 
he became a partner in the firm of McAvoy, Whiteside & Robertson. This rela- 
tion was maintained until the fall of 1911, when Mr. Whiteside and Mr. Buddie 
formed a partnership that still exists. In politics Mr. Buddie is a conservative. 
He is a member of the University Club. 



FRANCIS HENRY CUNNINGHAM. 

Public office finds in Francis Henry Cunningham a worthy incumbent in the 
position of inspector of fisheries. He has been continuously connected with the 
civil service of Canada since August, 1883, and in his present position makes his 
home in New Westminster. He was born on the 3d of May, 1865, at Topcroft, 
Norfolk, England, a son of Henry and Sarah (Kemp) Cunningham. His father 
was a progressive farmer and took a general interest in the affairs of the county 
in which he lived, acting at one time as representative on the board of workhouse 
guardians. 

The son pursued his early education in the grammar schools of Norwich and 
Banham, England, and when his text-books were put aside began preparing for 
the business of an auctioneer, being articled with Messrs. H. & J. Read, of Beccles, 
Suffolk, England. He was but eighteen years of age when he entered the civil 
service of Canada in August, 1883. He filled the position of accountant, inspector 
of hatcheries, superintendent of fish culture and at the present writing, in 1913, is 
the chief inspector of fisheries for this province under the Dominion government. 
He is greatly interested in exhibition work, having been a director of the Ottawa 
exhibition, and is at present on the executive of the Royal Agricultural & Indus- 
trial Society of New Westminster. He seej<s in these connections to stimulate 
activity and improvement along the lines indicated. 

Mr. Cunningham was connected with the Governor General Foot Guards as a 
non-commissioned officer and served through the Northwest rebellion of 1885, 
taking part in the engagement at Cut Knife Hill. He now holds the Canadian 
medal with clasp. 




FRANCIS H. CUNNINGHAM 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 251 

Mr. Cunningham's fraternal relations are with the Masonic lodge and the 
Independent Order of Foresters. He is also connected with the New West- 
minster Club and his religious belief is that of the Methodist church. His home 
life, which is pleasant, had its inception in his marriage, in September, 1885, to 
Miss Florence Emily Bradley, a daughter of Samuel Bradley, who was a pioneer 
of the county of Carleton, Ontario, and was interested for many years in the 
lumber business. Their children are : Ethel Lucy, now the wife of C. E. Goodall, 
of Ottawa; Henry Clifton; Hugh Stone; Francis Bradley; and Joseph Elliott. 



JAMES ALEXANDER CUNNINGHAM. 

James Alexander Cunningham was a resident of British Columbia at a period 
antedating the founding of Vancouver ; in fact, he is one of the native sons of the 
province and has always remained within its borders. For a considerable period 
he has continued in business in Vancouver, being managing director of the British 
Columbia Refining Company, in which connection he controls important and 
extensive interests. He was born at New Westminster, September 17, 1867, and is 
a son of Thomas and Emily (Woodman) Cunningham, the former a native of the 
north of Ireland and the latter of St. Thomas, Ontario. The father came from 
the Emerald isle to the new world in his boyhood days, and after residing for some 
time in Kingston, Ontario, came to British Columbia, making the journey by way 
of the Isthmus route and up the Pacific coast. He went immediately to the 
Cariboo, where he engaged in mining for a short time, but soon afterward came 
to New Westminster, where in 1859 he established a general store. Gradually, 
however, he closed out different lines and confined his attention exclusively to the 
hardware trade, continuing in the business in that city until 1900, making a record 
of forty years as a merchant in one town, so that his name is inseparably asso- 
ciated with the history of its commercial development. For many years, how- 
ever, he made a study of horticulture, gaining expert knowledge of the scientific 
phases of the business, added to practical experience which he acquired. About 
1900 he was prevailed upon by the provincial government to accept the position 
of provincial horticulturist. His love for the work prompted him to undertake 
this service, and he is still acceptably filling the position. His wife, Mrs. Emily 
Cunningham, came from St. Thomas, Ontario, to British Columbia by way of 
the Panama route in company with her sister, the wife of the Rev. Edward 
White, who was the first Methodist missionary in British Columbia. They came 
on the same ship with the late Hon. John Robson, ex-premier of British Columbia, 
and in the year 1864 Miss Woodman became the wife of Thomas Cunningham in 
New Westminster. She is well preserved and very active at the age of seventy- 
two years and teaches a class in the Methodist Sunday school. 

In the public schools of his native city James A. Cunningham pursued his edu- 
cation and was there a schoolmate of Sir Richard McBride, Judge F. W. Howay 
and Hon. W. W. B. Mclnnes. Later he attended the Willamette University at 
Salem, Oregon. He started in the business world in connection with the hard- 
ware trade in New Westminster and for twenty-three years was manager of the 
Cunningham Hardware Company. For twelve years of that period he also trav- 
eled throughout British Columbia in the interests of the business, making a trip 
each spring and fall. He sold to all the merchants at camps and trading posts 
in the early days when nearly all the travel was by stage or private conveyance. 
He always carried a gun, ready for an emergency, and many times he slept in the 
open. It was not an unusual thing to kill game anywhere along the way, such was 
the unsettled condition of the country. After his retirement from active con- 
nection with the hardware trade Mr. Cunningham was for five years managing 
director of the Western Steamboat Company, operating a line of steamers on the 
Fraser river. He was also half owner in the Western Oil & Supply 
Company. His prominence as a citizen and business man in New West- 

Vol. HI 9 



252 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

minster was further indicated in the fact that he was president of the 
Board of Trade there in 1908 and 1909. He is still president of the Vulcan 
Iron Works of New Westminster and is director of the British Columbia 
Accident Insurance Company. Since 1910 he has been managing director 
of the British Columbia Refining Company, to which he now gives his 
undivided attention, and under his control the business has increased, becoming 
an important productive industry. They bring the crude oil from California and 
have a large refinery at Port Moody, refining fifteen hundred barrels of oil per 
day and furnishing much of the fuel and refined oil that is used in the province. 
This is the largest refinery in western Canada and the only asphalt refinery in 
the Dominion. As is indicated, the business is one of extensive proportions, and 
at its head as managing director is a man capable of controlling important and 
complex interests, his guidance of its affairs being based upon a thorough under- 
standing of conditions and sound judgment. He is, furthermore, connected with 
various interests of a public or semi-public character. He is now a member of 
the Board of Trade of New Westminster and belongs also to the Vancouver and 
Canadian Manufacturers Association. Since 1906 he has been a justice of the 
peace, and his military service covers almost a quarter of century as sergeant in 
the Royal Artillery from 1885 until 1909. 

On the 26th of April, 1888, in New Westminster, Mr. Cunningham was mar- 
ried to Miss Marion Lee De Beck, a daughter of Howard L. De Beck, a pioneer 
lumber merchant of British Columbia. Mrs. Cunningham was born in Victoria, 
and is therefore one of the native daughters of the province. She is a graduate 
of the Ladies' College at Ottawa and is an accomplished pianist. Mr. and Mrs. 
Cunningham have three children: Walter M., who has the distinction of being 
the only native son of a native son and a native daughter of British Columbia ; 
Evelyn Lee ; and Helen Muriel. 

Since age gave him the right of franchise Mr. Cunningham has taken an active 
interest in politics and is now a member of the Conservative Club of New West- 
minster. He is also a member of the New Westminster Club, and he belongs to 
King Solomon Lodge, No. 17, A. F. & A. M., and to the Royal Arch Chapter. He 
is likewise connected with the Hoo Hoos and in 191 1 was vicegerent snark. His 
religious belief is that of the Methodist church. All who know Mr. Cunning- 
ham and his friends are many speak of him in terms of high regard. A life- 
long resident of the province, he has witnessed much of its development, his 
memory going back to the days when the Pacific coast country was largely a 
pioneer district and into various regions civilization had not yet penetrated. 
There were great sections of unclaimed timber lands and undeveloped valley 
lands. Mr. Cunningham rejoices in what has been accomplished as the years 
have gone by and has borne his part in the work of improvement, his labors being 
a service of signal usefulness in many ways. 



JAMES HENRY VIDAL. 



One of the most representative, able and successful men of New Westminster 
is James Henry Vidal, who for twenty-four years has lived in the city, his activi- 
ties touching and influencing many phases of municipal advancement. He is 
engaged in the real-estate business and has built up an important and growing 
patronage along this line. He was born on the 28th of March, 1864, in Sarnia, 
Ontario, the fourth son of the late Senator Alex Vidal, of that city. 

James H. Vidal acquired his early education in the public schools of his native 
community and afterward attended Upper Canada College in Toronto. After lay- 
ing aside his books he entered the service of the Canadian Bank of Commerce 
and after eight years and a half resigned his position to come west, arriving in 
New Westminster in the spring of 1889. He has since that time thoroughly iden- 
tified himself with the interests of the city and is known as one of the most sub- 




JAMES H. VIDAL 






BRITISH COLUMBIA 255 

stantial and public-spirited of the early settlers. At first, in common with a great 
many others, he engaged in a variety of occupations, participating in the harvest- 
ing of a "crop" of salmon during a "big year" at the original Phoenix cannery, 
near Steveston. He was afterward appointed to the staff of the land registry 
office, where he worked with signal success for over six years. Upon retiring from 
government service he entered a new field of labor and for ten years thereafter 
was identified with the daily and weekly British Columbian. At the end of that 
time he was appointed justice of the peace and later turned his attention to the 
real-estate business, joining a local firm in whose interests he conducted successful 
operations for five years, eventually going into business for himself. He handles 
a great deal of valuable property and by his sound judgment, his discrimination 
and his keen business ability has made his enterprise profitable not only to himself 
but to his clients also. 

During the twenty-four years he has lived in New Westminster Mr. Vidal 
has identified himself with many of the enterprises affecting municipal growth 
and advancement and the upbuilding of the neighboring sections. He assisted in 
promoting the Fruit Growers Association, the British Columbia Live Stock Asso- 
ciation and the British Columbia Dairymen's Association, and for over twenty 
years has been an active member of the Royal Agricultural and Industrial Society 
of British Columbia, of which he has been a director for many years. Always a 
devotee of outdoor sports and fresh air exercise, he has entered with enthusiasm 
into indoor sports also and has replaced the field sports of his eastern days by trap 
shooting, cricket and rifle shooting. For three years he was secretary of the Gun 
Club and took a leading part in two of the annual bench shows and was for one 
year a gymnasium instructor in the Young Men's Christian Association. For 
the last three years he has been captain of the Civilian Rifle Association and was 
one of the founders of the New Westminster Chess Club. In club circles and in 
general society he is well known and prominent but is not affiliated with any 
secret organization. He is a liberal conservative in his political beliefs and has 
filled various offices in the local association, being now vice president for the city 
of New Westminster. Thus far, however, he has taken no active part in municipal 
government, preferring to concentrate his attention upon his business affairs, 
which are capably conducted, making him one of the powerful elements in the 
business advancement of the community. 

In October, 1907, Mr. Vidal married Mrs. Ralph, a native of England. 



JOHN WALSH. 

The death of John Walsh, who was accidentally drowned in the Fraser river 
in 1908, deprived New Westminster of one of the most able men in her official 
service, a man whose ability and energy had carried him forward to an important 
position in the profession of civil engineering and whose accomplishments along 
this line had proved of signal benefit to the city where he made his home. He 
was born April 15, 1850, at Goodrich, Ontario, a son of Morris and Mary Walsh, 

)th of whom have passed away. 
John Walsh acquired his education in the public schools of his native com- 

mnity and after laying aside his books served an apprenticeship at steam 

igineering, finally obtaining his permit to practice this profession. After obtain- 
ing his engineer's papers he was employed as engineer at Bell's Furniture Factory 
it Wingham, Ontario, remaining in the employ of that concern for fifteen years 
and gaining during that time the respect and confidence of his superiors and the 
ligh regard of all who were associated with him. Eventually, thinking that the 
west offered larger opportunities for progress in his special field, he went to 
Alberta and settled in Lacombe, where for one year he engaged in farming. 
At the end of that time, however, he came to British Columbia and here remained 

respected and highly esteemed resident until his death. Soon after his arrival 



256 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

he again underwent an examination in engineering and, after receiving his papers, 
he entered the employ of the city. He had not time to accomplish all of the 
important work which he had planned, his efforts being cut off by an untimely 
death, but during the term of his service he proved his ability, energy and public 
spirit in a conclusive way, becoming well known in professional and business 
circles of the city and respected and esteemed wherever he was known. 

On the ist of June, 1880, Mr. Walsh was united in marriage to Miss Sarah 
Ann Irvin, a daughter of Robert and Lydia Catherine Irvin, the former a prom- 
inent farmer of Wingham. Mr. and Mrs. Walsh became the parents of the 
following children: Cassie, Olive Maude, Lizzie, Morris, William J., Adeline, 
George, Robert J., Martha Ann, Gladys Helen and Edward, all of whom are living 
except Lizzie, and George. The family are devout members of the Methodist 
church and are well known in religious and social circles of New Westminster. 

Mr. Walsh met his death by drowning, falling off the Lulu Island bridge, 
upon which he was working, into the Eraser river. Owing to the large amount 
of wood which had drifted against the piers of this bridge it had been decided 
to send three men, all board of works' employes, to set the wood floating down 
stream. Mr. Walsh and two companions undertook the task, and in the course 
of the work the accident occurred which resulted in his death. Assistance was 
at once procured but it was unavailing, Mr. Walsh dying in the discharge of the 
duties which he had so ably performed during life. His wife survives him and 
resides in New Westminster, where she is well known and popular, her genuine 
personal worth and her excellent qualities of mind and character having won her 
the regard and esteem of all who come in contact with her. 



PETER F. SHEEHAN. 

It seems that the lower ranks of life are overcrowded and that it is a true, 
although somewhat trite, saying that "there is always room at the top." The great 
majority seem not to possess the ambition or the ability to reach positions of leader- 
ship, but here and there are found men who are willing to pay the price of close 
application, unflagging industry and unfaltering perseverance in order to win 
success. Such a man is Peter F. Sheehan, of Vancouver, well known as a prom- 
inent representative of timber interests in British Columbia. He was born at East 
Tawas, Michigan, on Saginaw Bay, July 25, 1873, and is a son of Timothy and 
Ellen (O'Connell) Sheehan, the former a native of Peterboro, Ontario, and the 
latter of London, Ontario. They were married in Saginaw, Michigan, and are 
numbered among the pioneer residents of the east Saginaw district, having settled 
there in the '6os. They now reside at Bay City, Michigan, which has been their 
home for the past quarter of a century. Mr. Sheehan is now retired, but was for 
many years connected with the Michigan Land & Lumber Company, and with the 
Morgan Land & Lumber Company, of both of which he was general manager. 
He also had numerous personal holdings aside from his financial connection with 
those companies. Although Michigan was his place of residence from 1888 until 
1906, all of his business operations were in Ontario. 

Peter F. Sheehan pursued his education in the St. James parochial school of 
Bay City, Michigan, and at the age of fifteen years entered into his father's 
employ in the lumber business and was connected with him for sixteen years, 
gaining thorough, comprehensive and expert knowledge along the lines with which 
he is still connected. All of his work during that period was in Ontario, where he 
was inspecting timber, and he was in charge of various operations for these com- 
panies, the duties of which required a thoroughly experienced and capable man- 
ager. From 1906 until the early part of 1909 Mr. Sheehan was with the Port 
Blakeley Mill Company, of Port Blakeley, Washington, which, up to the time of 
its destruction by fire, was the largest mill in the world. The importance and 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 257 

extent of his operations in connection with various departments of the timber 
and lumber trade largely made him an authority upon different phases of the 
business. In May, 1909, he came to Vancouver and a few months afterwards 
entered the employ of the Fraser River Lumber Company, now the Canadian 
Western Lumber Company, and remained a year and a half. In 1910, in connec- 
tion with John Duffy, he opened a timber office in the Fairfield building, which 
they continued until the completion of the Pacific building, where they have since 
occupied a well appointed suite of rooms. In 1913 they were joined in business 
by H. O. Dempster, B. Sc., C. E., B. C. L. S., O. L. S., the firm now being known 
as Sheehan, Duffy & Dempster. The third partner is an expert surveyor, being 
retained by the provinces of British Columbia and Ontario as official surveyor. 
The company is engaged in inspecting and surveying timber and timber lands for 
clients. They have a large consultation practice among persons wishing to buy 
or sell and who before entering into negotiations for disposing of or purchasing 
property wish to have expert advice and reliable statistics. Among their clients 
are some of the largest firms on the Pacific coast. This is the only organized 
company in the province conducting a business of this nature, and there opinions 
and reports are considered as authority. Both Mr. Sheehan and Mr. Duffy have 
made a life work of the timber an.d lumber business, having had many years 
experience in this line, and as Mr. Dempster has won an enviable record as a 
surveyor it can be readily understood that the company is well fitted for the 
business in which it is engaged. 

Mr. Sheehan is independent in politics. He is a member of St. Patrick's 
Catholic church and of the Knights of Columbus. Owing to the importance and 
extent of his business,, his time and attention are chiefly concentrated thereon, 
yet all who meet him find him a courteous, friendly gentleman, kindly and affable 
in manner and, as someone has expressed it, "with a heart and mind as big as he 
is." Substantial and commendable traits of character, as well as business discern- 
ment and capable management have been important elements in his success. 



JOHN HALES SWEET. 

One of the barristers in Vancouver and one of the most progressive and 
public-spirited men in the city is John Hales Sweet, practicing at the bar as a 
member of the firm of Bond & Sweet. He was born in Dalhousie, New Bruns- 
wick, on the 1 3th of October, 1878, and is a son of Rev. John Hales Sweet and 
Mrs. Sweet, who was in her maidenhood Miss Eva Janet Vial. The father was 
)rn in London, England, and was educated for the ministry at St. Augustin's 
"heological College at Canterbury, from which he was graduated in 1870. Imme- 
liately afterward he came to Canada, taking up his ministerial work at Stone- 
im, Quebec, whence he went to New Carlisle and then to Paspebiac. He was 
iter stationed at Dalhousie, New Brunswick, until 1880, in which year he was 
;nt to Newcastle, that province, where he remained until 1895. From New- 
istle he went to Victoria, British Columbia, and there became rector of St. 
fames parish, in which capacity he still continues, doing a great deal of earnest, 
>ncentrated and beneficial work. 

In the acquirement of an education John Hales Sweet attended Harkin's 
academy at Newcastle, New Brunswick, and afterward entered the University of 
lew Brunswick, at Fredericton, from which he was graduated with the degree of 
5. A. in 1899. Immediately afterward he joined his father at Victoria and took up 
the study of law with the firm of Bodwell & Duff, being called to the bar of this 
province in 1902. He began the active practice of his profession in Victoria, where 
he remained until 1904, when he came to Vancouver, forming a partnership with 
Lambert Bond under the firm name of Bond & Sweet, a connection which he 
still retains. 



258 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

During his residence in Victoria, Mr. Sweet was lieutenant in the Fifth Regi- 
ment, Canadian Artillery, and in Vancouver he aided in organizing the United 
Service Club, although he has since resigned his membership. He belongs to 
the Western and Canadian Clubs and is a member of the Anglican church. He is 
a conservative in his political beliefs and has been active in the work of the local 
party organization. 

WILLIAM JOHN KERR. 

William John Kerr is essentially a British Columbian, one of the type that has 
in it that crystallized spirit of the west which has been such a potent factor in 
the rapid and stable development of this great province. Endowed with a mag- 
netic personality, untiring energy, sound judgment, a quick grasp of business af- 
fairs and an accurate judgment of men, Mr. Kerr possesses all the qualifications 
necessary to conduct any legitimate enterprise to a successful issue. He has be- 
come one of the foremost real-estate men of the province and is equally well 
known in commercial circles. In both connections he has manifested a spirit of 
enterprise and initiative that has long since led him to pass beyond the ranks of 
the many and stand among the successful few. Born in Heathcote, Ontario, on 
May 24, 1877, to Robert and Mary Kerr (nee Waudby), W. J. Kerr is descended 
from the early settlers of Ontario, his paternal and maternal grandparents being 
the pioneers of Boulton, near Toronto. 

Son of a farmer, and himself a close student of nature, Mr. Kerr in his early 
years had exceptional opportunities for acquiring that practical knowledge of 
agriculture that was to stand him in such good stead later in life, when he had be- 
come the directing head of a large real-estate concern on the Pacific coast. But, 
like many other sons of the soil, he was not content to remain on the farm, and 
when yet in his early teens he set out to see the world and seek his fortune. 

Calgary was the first city to attract him. This was in 1892, when the Foot- 
hills city was still in its infancy and retained much of its wild-west ways. From 
Calgary young Kerr went north to Edmonton, and then spending a short time in 
the different towns in the interior, he gradually made his way to Vancouver, arriv- 
ing there in 1897, on his twentieth birthday. 

At that time Vancouver was thronged with men bound to the recently dis- 
covered gold fields of the Klondike. Stories of great fortunes made and lost 
in a day were on every tongue. The lure of the north proved irresistible, and 
from 1898 to 1902 Mr. Kerr mushed and mined in the frozen northland. Fortune 
failed to reward him, however, and he returned to the coast richer only in ex- 
perience and knowledge. 

From 1902 to 1905 Mr. Kerr engaged in various commercial enterprises in 
Vancouver, Everett (Wash.), Chilliwack and other cities. In the spring of 1905 
he opened a real-estate and auctioneer's office in New Westminster, conducting 
the two vocations for the next couple of years. 

Real-estate, however, soon required his entire attention, and he laid aside the 
auctioneer's hammer. He early foresaw the great demand that was assured for 
small fruit and poultry farms in the Fraser valley and was one of the first to sub- 
divide large tracts of cleared land into five-acre parcels, 'selling this on long term 
payments. His success in successfully placing industrious settlers on the land has 
been almost phenomenal and can be better appreciated when one realizes that he 
has had over one hundred and fifty employes on his pay roll at one time. His 
branch offices are to be found in Vancouver, Coquitlam, Calgary and Winnipeg, 
while in eighteen other cities leading firms act as his representatives. 

Mr. Kerr has the reputation of being the heaviest individual advertiser in 
western Canada, and he himself attributes much of his business success to a gen- 
erous use of printer's ink. Early in 1913 Mr. Kerr conceived the idea of estab- 
lishing a chain of cash grocery stores in western Canada, and promoted a com- 




WILLIAM J. KKRR 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 261 

pany for the purpose of operating such stores in Winnipeg, Brandon, Regma, 
Moose Jaw, Medicine Hat, Calgary, Edmonton, Nelson, Revelstoke, Kamloops, 
Vernon, New Westminster, Vancouver, Victoria and Nanaimo. The Dominion 
Stores, Limited, as the company is known, is capitalized at a million dollars. Mr. 
Kerr is one of the heaviest investors in this enterprise. 

Outside of his business activities Mr. Kerr is best known for his interest in 
the good roads movement. He was largely instrumental in forming the Cana- 
dian Highways Association in 1911 and was elected its first president, an honor 
which was again conferred on him at the second convention, held in Winnipeg 
in 1912. As the active head of this organization, which had for its patron His 
Royal Highness the Duke of Connaught, governor-general of Canada, and a mem- 
bership extending from coast to coast, Mr. Kerr is in a position to greatly help 
the popular good roads movement, and he has not failed to do this. Largely due 
to his assistance, Canada was for the first time crossed by automobile in 1912, 
the trip being under the auspices of the association of which he is president. 

Prior to the formation of the Canadian Highways Association, Mr. Kerr was 
for some years one of the vice presidents of the Pacific Highway Association, an 
American-British Columbia organization with headquarters in Seattle. He has 
also held the presidency of the New Westminster Automobile Club, having been 
active in its formation and always one of its stanchest supporters. Prpgressive 
movements have always found in him a strong supporter, and both the New 
Westminster Board of Trade and the New Westminster Progressive Association 
count him as one of their foremost members. 

Mr. Kerr has never taken a prominent part in the work of any secret society, 
although he is a member of the Elks. He is also a member of the Westminster 
Club. His marriage to Gertrude Medley, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William 
Medley, of New Westminster, took place in that city on October 5, 1905. He has 
no children. Such in brief is the life history of Mr. Kerr, whose business on every 
occasion balances up with the principles of truth and honor, while his devotion to 
the public good is a recognized feature in his career. He is the strong center of 
the community in which he moves. He is forceful and resourceful in real-estate 
and mercantile circles, and at the same time his breadth of view not only saw 
possibilities for his own advancement but for the development of the province 
and his lofty patriotism has prompted him to utilize the latter as quickly and as 
effectively as the former. 



WILLIAM N. O'NEIL. 

William N. O'Neil has built up a business in builders' supplies that o'ertops all 
other enterprises of its character in Vancouver. The secret of his success is not 
hard to find: it lies in his energy, determination, watchfulness and reliability 
qualities which any might cultivate and which never fail to win advancement and 
deserved success. Mr. O'Neil is a native of Brampton, Ontario, born July 23, 
1874, his parents being John M. and Jane Elizabeth (Long) O'Neil, the former a 
native of Ireland and the latter of Ontario. The father made farming his life 
work, and both he and his wife remained residents of Ontario until their life's 
labors were ended in death. 

In the public schools of his native province William N. O'Neil pursued his 
education, but his opportunities were somewhat limited, owing to the fact that 
he was early thrown upon his own resources, having made his way in the world 
unaided from the age of fourteen years. Whatever success he has achieved and 
enjoyed is the direct result of his perseverance and capability. He continued 
a resident of Toronto until the spring of 1898, when he came to British Columbia, 
where he established his present business in the same year. For fifteen years 
he has now been a dealer in builders' supplies of this city. He became manufac- 
turers' agent for a number of articles, and from that beginning- gradually built 



262 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

up the business until in January, 1912, it was incorporated under the name of 
William N. O'Neil & Company, Ltd., of which he is president and manager. 
Associated with him in the business are H. J. Wade, J. A. Goode and W. J. Risk. 
They also have a subsidiary company in Victoria and they handle a full line of 
building materials, including hardwood flooring, paints, oils, grates, mantels, tile, 
glazed brick, terra cotta, etc., having the finest assortment and display of these 
materials in the province and probably in western Canada. The business has 
steadily grown along well defined lines in keeping with the progressive spirit of 
commerce, and Mr. O'Neil's capable management, keen discernment and ability 
to wisely use every opportunity have brought him his success. 

On the 5th of July, 1902, in Vancouver, Mr. O'Neil was united in marriage 
to Miss B. V. Riach, of Hamilton, Ontario, and they have one child, Kathleen. 
Mr. and Mrs. O'Neil are members of the Chalmers Presbyterian church, and the 
former holds membership in the Commercial, Progress and Vancouver Auto- 
mobile Clubs. He is also connected with the Board of Trade and is in hearty 
sympathy with its projects for the improvement of the city. His interests are 
broad and varied. He looks at life from the standpoint of a liberal-minded man, 
who takes cognizance of conditions and possibilities and works toward improve- 
ment along all the lines of material, intellectual and moral advancement, keeping 
ever in view the points of municipal welfare. 



JOSEPH WILSON McCALLUM. 

Joseph Wilson McCallum is a representative business man of New West- 
minster and during the last twenty-eight years his work has been effective in the 
attainment of great results in the development of British Columbia. He has 
resided in this province since 1883 an d his energy and ability as an organizer and 
director have since been in evidence, ever constituting an element in the progress 
and welfare of the northwest. Mr. McCallum is a native of Nova Scotia and 
was born July 4, 1854. He represents one of the old Canadian families. His 
parents were William and Martha McCallum, both of whom were born, reared, 
educated and spent their entire lives in Nova Scotia. 

In the acquirement of his early education Joseph W. McCallum attended 
the grammar schools of his native city, and afterward prepared for a business 
career by taking a course as a general accountant. At the age of twenty he went 
to Boston, Massachusetts, where he engaged in the express and drayage busi- 
ness until July, 1883, when he was caught by the lure of the west and came to 
New Westminster, British Columbia. In those days employment was not of a 
very diversified kind nor was it possible for the ambitious young man to wait for 
a choice of work. Mr. McCallum took anything that offered that would yield 
him an honest living. He engaged as a driver with H. Elliot, one of the pioneers 
of New Westminster, but, anxious to advance, he was awake to all opportunities 
and utilized every means at hand to promote his progress in a business way. For 
a time he tried blacksmithing under Walter Blackie, and in 1885 -he secufed a 
farm in Surrey which he cultivated and improved until 1896. He was then 
attracted by the upper country and with many others entered upon the quest for 
gold in the mining regions of the north. He prospected in the Kootenay and 
Boundary districts for six years when, the fascination of the gold fields losing its 
charm, he went to Salmon Arm, where he embarked in the real-estate business. 
After locating there he opened a general store and as his sterling qualities became 
known and recognized he found his business increasing to such proportions that 
it was impossible to give to the different departments all the attention they 
required, so that he disposed of a portion of the business. In 1908 he sold out 
altogether in Salmon Arm and again located on the coast. He afterward removed 
to Abbottsford and has divided his time and attention between Abbottsford and 
New Westminster to the present day. He has a factory in the east end of the 




JOSEPH W. McCALLUM 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 265 

latter city where he is now engaged in making cement blocks and plastic floor- 
ing. This has become one of the important industries of the city and in its suc- 
cessful control Mr. McCallum is proving his worth as a business man. He has 
been closely identified with the development of the Surrey district. Public- 
spirited and enterprising, he has ever endeavored to advance the interests of 
this part of the country and his labors are effective and far-reaching. 

In 1876 occurred the marriage of Mr. McCallum and Miss Elizabeth McDon- 
ald, of Nova Scotia, and unto them have been born four children : John, of Van- 
couver; Mrs. Annie Edson, of Vancouver; Martha, of Spokane, Washington; 
and Alexander, of New Westminster. Politically Mr. McCallum is of that inde- 
pendent class who give their allegiance to the party or to the measure which in 
their estimation will best promote the welfare, upbuilding and progress of coun- 
try or district. Although no longer a young man he still continues his interest in 
athletics, is devoted to outdoor sports and is particularly fond of lacrosse, of 
horse racing, boating and hunting. Through his activities, well directed and 
honorable, he has gained the respect and confidence of the citizens of every 
community in which he has resided. 

Aside from business Mr. McCallum has figured to some extent in public 
affairs. He served for one term as reeve of Salmon Arm and three years as 
councilman in Surrey. He is and has been prominent in agricultural circles and 
for several years was a director of the Westminster Agricultural Society. The 
cause of education has ever found in him a friend and while in Surrey he acted 
as a school trustee. He is an Odd Fellow and that he is interested in the moral 
progress of the community is indicated by his membership in the Young Men's 
Christian Association, in the work of which he takes an active and helpful part. 



GEORGE W. GILLEY. 

No word of praise or eulogy, no sentence of criticism can alter the life 
record of one who has gone, but the story truly told contains a lesson that others 
may learn and profit by. If it be the story of an honest man whose natural gifts 
were used for the betterment of his home community, or in a yet wider sphere, for 
the benefit of his fellowmen, it may serve to encourage and inspire others, indi- 
cating the possibilities that lie before the individual and demonstrating what may 
be accomplished through personal effort and ambition intelligently directed. Such 
a career was that of George W. Gilley of New Westminster and for many years 
one of its foremost citzens. He aided in building up this city and contributed to 
its importance, traveling a path of usefulness and honor. His start in life was 
but humble, so that without any special advantages to aid him at the outset of 
his career, he worked his way upward by the sheer force of his character and a 
natural ability, despite obstacles and serious hindrances. Born in St. Andrews, 
New Brunswick, on April 2, 1852, George W. Gilley was a son of George and 
Mary Gilley, both of St. Andrews, where they passed away. George Gilley was a 
wharf builder and ship carpenter and well and favorably known in his home 
community. His son, our subject, was reared there, but his education was very 
slight. In fact he received only a few months of schooling in all. However, he 
was a young man of extraordinary intellect and quick perception and learned 
much by self-study and from life's experiences. When he was only twenty-one 
years of age he already had charge of a large force of bridge builders, and from 
this early age was prominent in contracting and bridge and wharf building. His 
powers of mental calculation were wonderful and he was able to solve the most 
complex problems in his head and used to employ that method in giving figures on 
the largest contracts, one of which aggregated to a total of sixty thousand dollars. 
His absolute reliability is shown by the fact that the difference between him and 
competing bidders was but one hundred and fifty dollars on this large work. 



266 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

In May, 1878, Mr. Gilley came to British Columbia, locating at Jericho, in 
which city he accepted employment with Jerry Rogers, doing carpenter work. 
Later he became captain of the steam tug Maggie, towing logs for the Hastings 
mill, and after the death of Mr. Rogers in 1879 continued as captain of the tug 
in the employ of the Hastings mill people for about a year. After that period 
he came to New Westminster and successfully engaged in pile driving and 
wharf building, having contracts for most of the wharfs on the Fraser river in 
those early days. Gradually his business connections extended and he success- 
fully followed his occupation until his death, which occurred on the 4th of 
November, 1904. Not only was he a witness of the transformation that took 
place in New Westminster but an active and cooperatant factor in promoting 
its advancement and his work was a serviceable force in the upbuilding of 
the city. 

On August 27, 1873, Mr. Gilley was united in marriage, at St. George, New 
Brunswick, to Miss Susan McCormick, a native of St. George and a daughter 
of Joseph McCormick, the latter born in the north of Ireland, and Matilda 
(Davis) McCormick, a native of the north of England. The mother died in 
New Brunswick in January, 1887, but the father is still living there at the 
advanced age of eighty-seven years, highly esteemed and respected. He is an old 
veteran of the Fenian raid. To Mr. and Mrs. Gilley no children were born, but 
they adopted a daughter, Eva B., whom they reared to young womanhood and 
who is an inseparable companion of her mother. 

Mr. Gilley was a genial, whole-souled man, whose purse was always open to 
the needy, and all who come in contact with him were his friends and admirers. 
He was always foremost in any movement for the progress and advancement of 
New Westminster, glad to bear his share, when called upon, to further any 
worthy enterprise. He was a member of the blue lodge of Masons and the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Mrs. Gilley is a member of the Rebekahs, 
and both she and Miss Eva are members of St. Paul's Reformed Episcopal 
church, in the work of which they take an active and helpful interest. A man 
of character and achievement, the memory of Mr. Gilley is reverently cherished 
not only by his immediate family but by many friends who gave him their full 
confidence on account of his honorable and manly qualities. 



ERNEST EBBAGE. 

Ernest Ebbage, president of Orr & Ebbage, Limited, was born in Acton, On- 
tario, April 20, 1876, his parents being Thomas and Anne (Overton) Ebbage, 
the former a native of Ontario and the latter of England. His father was for 
many years engaged in the lumber business in Acton, where both he and his wife 
still reside, and there the son pursued his education, being a schoolmate of Lewis 
D. Orr, who is now his partner. At the age of fourteen years he started out in* 
the business world as an employe in the office of the Acton Free Press, in which 
he learned the printing trade. In 1897 he went to Butte, Montana, and remained 
in that city and in the interior of the state, where he was engaged in newspaper 
work, until 1905. He then turned his attention to the real-estate business in 
Butte, making his initial effort in the field in which he is now meeting with sub- 
stantial success. He continued in the business there until 1907, when he crossed 
the border and again became a Canadian resident, locating in Calgary and after- 
ward at Kelowna, where he spent one year. Early in 1909 he came to Vancouver, 
where he has since been engaged in the real-estate business, and in 1912 he opened 
an office in North Vancouver. On the ist of January, 1913, he formed a partner- 
ship with his schoolmate and boyhood friend, Lewis D. Orr, under the present 
firm style of Orr & Ebbage, Limited, with offices at No. 508 Dunsmuir street, while 
his North Vancouver office now serves as a branch establishment for the company. 
The friendship formed between the two partners in their childhood days has 




ERNEST EBBAGE 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 269 

grown and strengthened as the years have passed by. They were born within 
eight miles of each other, attended the Acton public school together, and from 
that time have been the warmest of friends. They left Ontario about the same 
time, Mr. Orr going to New York city and Mr. Ebbage to Montana. After being 
apart for many years and having no idea as to the whereabouts of each other, 
they met one day, after each had been in Vancouver but a short time, in Mclntyre's 
cafe. That was in April, 1909. Both became interested in the real-estate business 
in this city and decided to join their interests. The present partnership was 
formed, as previously stated, in January, 1913. They now have a large clientage 
and the business is growing so that they have won a place among the leading 
real-estate men of the city. 

In Butte, Montana, Mr. Ebbage was married to Miss Pearle L. Eaton, of Des 
Moines, Iowa, a daughter of Harrison A. Eaton, a lumber merchant and pioneer 
of that city. The three children of this marriage are Elizabeth, Ernestine and 
Raymund. Mr. Ebbage is a member of the Terminal City Club, British Columbia 
Golf and Country Club, and during his residence in Vancouver has won a wide 
circle of friends. Both partners are enterprising young business men, watchful 
of opportunity, active and determined in meeting and overcoming obstacles, and 
with resolute spirit working their way steadily upward to success. 



EDWARD JULIUS FALCH. 

Edward Julius Falch occupies an important position in New Westminster as 
proprietor of the Royal City Hotel, which establishment he has conducted for 
about fourteen years. After an interesting career, in many respects stranger than 
fiction, he settled in New Westminster and has here attained a success which 
ranks him with the substantial men of his community. His material attainments 
are the more commendable as they have been achieved entirely through his own 
efforts and in such a way as to cast not the slightest shadow of wrong upon his 
record. He was born in Norway on January 27, 1872, a son of Edward and Julia 
(Neerland) Falch, natives of the Norse kingdom, where the father died in 1889 
and the mother still makes her home. 

Edward J. Falch remained in his native country until he had passed his four- 
teenth birthday, acquiring his education largely under private instruction from his 
father, who was a man of learning and who during his lifetime held a number of 
important government posts. In 1886 Edward J. Falch set out for himself with 
the desire to see the world and to find his opportunity. Leaving Norway, he went 
to South Shields-on-Tyne, England, whence he shipped before the mast as a sea- 
man on a coast-going vessel plying along the English and French coast and 
through the Mediterranean to the Holy Land. On that occasion he visited Jeru- 
salem. He subsequently sailed to Glasgow, thence to Liverpool and from there 
to Ireland. About 1888 he shipped aboard the sailing vessel Albion at Liverpool 
for Portland, the voyage consuming one hundred and seventy-two days. Landing 
Portland, he left the ship and proceeded to Tillamook bay, where he was em- 
ployed for some time at pile driving, but later returned to Portland. There he 
remained but a short time, however, then making his way northward to Seattle, 
coming a fortnight later to British Columbia. Finding employment in Vancouver 
at cutting shingles, he was so engaged in 1890 in a location which is now the end 
of Hastings street. At that time he cut a cedar tree on East Hastings which 
measured eleven feet across and it took him four days to bring down the tree. 
It furnished twenty-eight cords of shingle bolts, which statement will give an idea 
of the enormous size of the forest trees. That winter he spent in the timber land 
and in the following spring went to Steveston, purchasing an outfit for salmon 
fishing, but typhoid fever overtook him and prevented the conclusion of his affairs. 
He was ill during the greater part of the summer. What money he had saved was 
used for medical attention and when he was ready to engage in work again his 



270 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

funds were reduced to a minimum. However, he held to his purpose and en- 
gaged in fishing, continuing in that business successfully for ten years, or until 
the Japanese became so numerous that the business turned out to be unprofitable. 
During this time Mr. Falch sold one spring's catch for more than four thousand 
dollars, receiving between one and one-quarter and one and one-half cents per 
pound. He also caught many large sturgeon, one of which tipped the scales at the 
remarkable weight of eight hundred and sixty-four pounds. In 1901 Mr. Falch 
came to New Westminster and, perceiving an opportunity to establish an up-to- 
date hotel, built the present Royal City Hotel, which he has made one of the most 
popular of the city. It is modern and equipped with all the conveniences of the 
day, its clientage being representative and of a high class. Mr. Falch is a born 
host, a genial entertainer and never fails to give the closest attention to even the 
smallest detail of his business to assure his guests of the greatest comforts. 

In 1903 Mr. Falch was united in marriage to Miss Maud Batt, by whom he 
had two children. His wife and children have since passed away. In May, 1908, 
he married Miss Annie Lawrence, of Dundee, Scotland, and to them were born 
two daughters, Edna Annie Hendricka and Margaret Julia. Fraternally Mr. 
Falch is connected with the Eagles. He is an enthusiastic sportsman and said to 
be the best informed man in British Columbia as regards waterways and the 
haunts of game. Every year in November he spends the entire month in hunting 
and fishing, taking with him from six to twelve friends who are his guests on the 
trip. His hunting scow is fitted with all conveniences and it is needless to say that 
he makes these trips memorable to those who are his guests. Everything that can 
contribute to their well-being is provided and he always hires one of the best cooks 
obtainable to prepare the meals of the party. For weeks tramps are made to the 
wildest parts of the mountain fastnesses and many times they travel with their 
packs on their backs and guns in hand, passing through the finest and most won- 
derful scenery in the world. Although public-spirited and progressive, Mr. Falch 
has never cared to actively participate in the public life of his city, although he 
takes a deep interest in all worthy enterprises affecting the welfare of the public. 
By his activities he has largely promoted growth and expansion and, while he has 
attained personal prosperity, has been a serviceable factor in bringing about the 
prosperous conditions that now prevail in New Westminster. 



JAMES BEVERIDGE. 

Prominent among the enterprising, progressive and representative business 
men of Vancouver is James Beveridge, who is conducting an extensive, growing 
and profitable business as an importer of teas, coffees and spices under the name 
of William Braid & Company. Step by step he has worked his way upward in 
commercial circles, being dependent upon his own resources from the age of 
sixteen years and achieving his success by reason of close application, capable 
management and honorable dealing. Today the business is one of notable mag- 
nitude, having been carefully developed along progressive lines, its growth being 
due also to the fine quality of the goods carried. 

Mr. Beveridge was born in Murton, Northumberland, England, December 8, 
1856, a son of William and Hannah (Hogg) Beveridge, the former a farmer of 
Northumberland. Until sixteen years of age James Beveridge remained upon 
his father's farm and during that period acquired his education in Davidson's 
parish school at Thornton. He then went to Newcastle-on-Tyne, where he 
made his initial step in the business world in connection with the grocery trade. 
After serving his apprenticeship in an establishment of that character he con- 
tinued as an employe in the retail trade until he became traveling salesman for 
the importing house of James Gall & Company, of Glasgow, with whom he 
remained until 1891, when he resigned and went to San Francisco, California. 
He then became traveling salesman for the importing and manufacturing firm 




JAMES BEVERIDGE 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 273 

of A. Schilling & Company of that city but after two years came to British 
Columbia in 1894 as traveling representative for the same firm with headquarters 
in Victoria, covering the territory of British Columbia. He remained with the 
firm of A. Schilling & Company until 1895, when they wished him to return to the 
United States, but preferring to reside on this side of the border he resigned his 
position. In that year he became associated with the wholesale tea, colfee and 
spice house of William Braid & Company, of Vancouver, acting as their travel- 
ing representative in British Columbia for a decade or until 1904, when he 
became a partner in the business. After that time he only went upon the road 
for an occasional trip. As a commercial salesman he was one of the best and 
most successful in the business, was thoroughly acquainted with the trade, and 
his energy, enterprise and diligence, combined with an agreeable manner and 
geniality, made him popular with those with whom he had dealings and con- 
tributed much to the success of the house which he represented. After pur- 
chasing an interest in the firm of William Braid & Company he bent his energies 
to administrative direction and executive control of the business in Vancouver, 
introduced enterprising methods, kept in touch with the trend of commercial 
activity and by careful management developed the trade to large proportions. 
In January, 1912, he purchased the interests of Mr. William Braid in the busi- 
ness and is now sole proprietor. Since starting out on his own account he has 
made continuous progress, never fearing to venture where favoring opportunity 
led the way and making the most of each advantage as it has arisen. The under- 
taking of which he is now sole proprietor is one of the largest and most promi- 
nent in this line in western Canada. Its territory covers the provinces of British 
Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan and Yukon territory, and its importation 
and sales have reached mammoth proportions. Mr. Beveridge is himself an 
expert in judging teas and coffees. The special brands of the house are Braid's 
Best tea, Braid's Best coffee and Big Four coffee. An extensive business in the 
manufacture of extracts is also carried on, all of the products being scientifically 
and carefully prepared, the latest improved processes, methods and machinery 
being used. The genuine bourbon vanilla bean is imported and their vanilla 
extract is percolated in barrels, it requiring from three to five months to mature. 
The lemon extract is also carefully filtered and all of the processes used are of 
the most improved and thoroughly modern kind. The building occupied by the 
business is six stories in height and contains over fifty thousand square feet in 
floor space. They carry the largest stock of coffee in Canada and keep in stock 
a sufficient amount to make fifty million cups of coffee. Their annual trade 
amounts to eleven hundred tons of coffee and their roasting capacity is one 
thousand pounds every half an hour. This indicates, at least in part, something 
of the nature and extent of the business which under the careful direction and 
guidance of Mr. Beveridge has been built up to its present mammoth and grati- 
fying proportions, showing Mr. Beveridge to be a man of splendid business 
ability. He certainly deserves much credit for what he has accomplished and 
his example should serve to inspire and stimulate others to follow the same hon- 
orable course that he has pursued. 

In 1884 Mr. Beveridge was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Agnes Lis- 
ter, a daughter of George L. Lister, a carpenter and building contractor of Dur- 
ham county, England. Their children are George Lister, William Wentworth, 
Helen Maud, John Sydney and Minnie. Mr. Beveridge holds membership in 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen. He is also a member of the Vancouver 
Board of Trade and cooperates heartily in its various projects for the growth 
and development of the 'city. In fact he has taken an active and helpful part in 
many movements for the benefit of Vancouver and British Columbia and his 
public-spirited citizenship is never called into question. He votes with the liberal 
party but has never been very active in politics, preferring that his labors should 
be directed along other lines. He is a man of broad humanitarian principles and 
his spirit of benevolence has found tangible evidence many times. He is chair- 
man of the board of managers of Westminster Hall and at one time was presi- 



274 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

dent of the Sailors and Loggers Society. He was also the first president of the 
Young Men's Christian Association. He is a devout member and elder. of the 
Kitsalano Presbyterian church and president of the Presbyterian brotherhood, 
while he is also a member of the Presbytery and Synod of British Columbia. 
No good work done in the name of charity or religion seeks his aid in vain. 
His philanthropy and his Christianity are as large a part of his daily life as is his 
business. He stands today as a representative of the merchant to whom com- 
mercial interests are but one phase of life and do not exclude his active partici- 
pation in and support of the other vital interests which go to make up human 
existence. 



DAVID GIBB. 

David Gibb, now living retired, was for an extended period accounted one of 
the most prominent contractors of Vancouver and British Columbia. Early in 
his career he recognized the eternal truth that industry wins and industry became 
the beacon light of his life. He was born May 15, 1852, in Auchinleck, Ayrshire, 
near to the birthplace of the poet Burns. His parents were John and Agnes 
Gibb, the former a contractor of Scotland, and both parents died in the land of 
hills and heather. 

In the common schools David Gibb pursued his education, but at an early 
age put aside his text-books because of the necessity of providing for his own 
support. He started out in business life as a laborer on a farm in Scotland, 
but was afterward apprenticed to the stone-cutting trade and subsequently 
became a journeyman in that line of labor. At length in 1872 he left Scotland 
for the United States and became a resident of Chicago soon after the great fire 
which swept away much of that city. He was then about twenty years of age. 
He remained for nearly a year in Chicago, working at his trade, after which he 
returned to his native land and was married in Scotland to Miss Sarah Mathieson, 
a daughter of William and Sarah Mathieson, the former a contractor of New 
Cumnock, Scotland. The marriage was celebrated on the 2/th of December, 1872. 

After the failure of the Glasgow Bank Mr. Gibb returned to the United States 
and worked at his trade in New York. In 1885, attracted by the lure of the north- 
west, he made his way to Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada, where he began contract- 
ing on his own account, erecting several of the business blocks there. Still the 
call of the west sounded in his ears and resuming his journey he traveled to the 
coast, arriving in Vancouver in 1888. From the beginning of his residence here 
he has occupied a prominent position among the leading contractors in Vancouver. 
His first work here was for A. G. Ferguson. Among the notable buildings for 
which he cut the stone are the old post office, the Northern Crown Bank, the 
high school, several of the grade schools, the Henry Birks building, the St. John's 
church and the Dunsmuir Hotel. In fact he has been contractor for a large 
percentage of the public buildings of the city, and he is now the owner and pro- 
prietor of the Dunsmuir Hotel. He did not court success in vain; on the contrary 
fortune smiled upon him and he won a place among the prosperous and highly 
respected business men of the city. 

About 1908 Mr. Gibb was called upon to mourn the loss of his first wife. 
Unto them had been born three daughters and a son : Sarah, now the wife of L. 
Benham, of Seattle; Agnes, the wife of N. C. Wheeling, of Vancouver; Jennie, 
the wife of N. C. Kydd, of Vancouver; and John W., who married Miss Cruick- 
shanks, of Vancouver. For his second wife Mr. Gibb chose Miss Lilly Megrath, 
a daughter of John and Elizabeth Megrath, the former a contractor of Seattle. 
There is one child of this marriage, Mary Elizabeth. The family residence, 
which is an attractive one, is at No. 305 Eleventh avenue, West. The family 
attend the Presbyterian church and in politics Mr. Gibb is a liberal. He finds 
pleasure and recreation in motoring, and the business position to which he has 




DAVID GIBB 






BRITISH COLUMBIA 277 

attained now leaves him more leisure for those things which are a matter of 
interest and enjoyment to him. Diligence and determination gained him a promi- 
nence in building and financial circles, and while he was promoting his individual 
interests he also contributed in large measure to the progress and prosperity of 
Vancouver and this part of the province, manifesting at all times a public-spirited 
citizenship. 

JOSEPH FREDERICK NOBLE. 

Joseph Frederick Noble is a member of the firm of Mather & Noble, Ltd., 
conducting business as general financial agents and real-estate and stock brokers. 
With a nature that could never be content with mediocrity, he has ever fared 
forth, never neglecting opportunities and utilizing the advantages which have 
been his for the achievement of honorable success and the attainment of prom- 
inence in his chosen field. He has lived in Vancouver since 1903, and is of 
Canadian birth, the place of his nativity being Brampton, Ontario, and the date 
March 18, 1879. H* 3 parents were Thomas and Janet (Aitkman) Noble. He 
passed through consecutive grades in the grammar schools of Brampton, attended 
the high school there, and later took up the profession of teaching, which he fol- 
lowed for three years. He then engaged in the advertising business in Toronto, 
and in 1903 arrived in Vancouver, where he continued in the same field of 
activity under the name of the Noble Advertising Agency, Ltd. In this con- 
nection he conducted an extensive business. In 1907, in association with R. A. 
Mather, he formed the firm of Mather & Noble, Ltd., of which he became vice 
president, and so continues to the present time. In 1909 he disposed of his adver- 
tising business to devote his entire attention to the interests of the present 
company. They are general financial agents and real-estate and stock brokers,, 
and their standing in this field is among the most prominent. Knowledge of 
every phase of the business, knowledge that is comprehensive and exact, forms 
the basis of their success, and added thereto is notable energy, diligence and 
perseverance. At various times and including the present Mr. Noble has been 
connected with other financial and commercial enterprises. 

In 1903 occurred the marriage of Mr. Noble and Miss Annie Maude Large, a 
daughter of A. Large, who for thirty-seven years was postmaster at Poole, 
Ontario. They have one child, a son. Mr. and Mrs. Noble hold membership 
in the Methodist church and he exercises the right of franchise' in support of 
men and measures of the conservative party. 



JOHN DEASE BELL. 

John Dease Bell represents the firm of Pemberton & Son as manager of the 
Vancouver branch of their business. The company is well known as general 
financial agents, specializing in first mortgage loans, and in this connection Mr. 
Bell has become well known in the financial circles of his adopted city. He is of 
Canadian birth, a native of Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, born December 8, 1877. 
The name Dease was given him in honor of Peter Warren Dease, the Arctic 
explorer, who was his great-grandfather. His parents were Peter Warren Went- 
worth and Ellen Sarah (Dupont) Bell. The father was for forty-seven years 
in the employ of the Hudson's Bay Company, entering its service as a boy with 
Lord Strathcona, at which time they were stationed at Ungava Bay on the 
Labrador coast. Gradually he advanced in that connection until he became 
chief factor and inspector, thus becoming one of the prominent representatives 
of the company. 



278 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

John D. Bell was educated at Trinity College School at Port Hope, Ontario, 
a preparatory school, and when he made his initial step in the business world 
became an employe of the Canadian Bank of Commerce, remaining with that 
institution for about fifteen years. He was employed by them at different 
places and in various capacities, remaining with the bank until February, 1908, 
when he took charge of the Vancouver branch for the firm of Pemberton & Son, 
and still remains in this connection. While the firm conducts business as general 
financial agents, they have specialized in first mortage loans. His activities in 
this direction have made Mr. Bell well known in the business circles of the city 
and his contemporaries and colleagues have found him resourceful, energetic, 
capable and enterprising. He is also widely known as president of the Ardley 
Land Company, Limited, of Vancouver. 

On the i8th of September, 1905, at Dawson City, Yukon, Mr. Bell was 
united in marriage to Miss Elsie MacFarlane, a daughter of Roderick and Mary 
MacFarlane. Her father was with the Hudson's Bay Company for more than 
forty years and is the author of a most interesting volume, entitled "Through 
the Mackenzie Basin." In his politcal connections Mr. Bell is a conservative, 
while his social relations are with the Western Club of Vancouver. He is well 
known in the city, where he has gained an extensive circle of warm friends. 



CHARLES ROBERT DRAYTON. 

Charles Robert Drayton, recognized as one of the foremost authorities on val- 
ues in British Columbia, there being no better informed man on the subject in the 
province, is managing director of the Vancouver Financial Corporation, Ltd., of 
which he is also one of the founders. He was born in Barbados, West Indies, 
July 10, 1872, a son of Philip Henry Drayton, K. C., and Margaret (Covernton) 
Drayton. The father was an officer of the English army but resigned his com- 
mission in 1874 and came to Canada, settling in Toronto, where he took up the 
practice of law and so continues to the present time. He is a king's counsel, is very 
prominent in the profession and is official arbitrator for the city of Toronto. H. L. 
Drayton, K. C., a brother of C. R. Drayton, is the present chairman of the Gov- 
ernment Railway Managing Board. 

Charles R. Drayton supplemented his preliminary education, acquired in pri- 
vate schools of England, by study in the Upper Canada College at Toronto, and 
later entered the employ of what afterward became the Canadian Permanent Loan 
Company of Toronto in the capacity of office boy. His rise with that corporation 
was rapid. He was advanced through intermediate positions until he eventually 
became western inspector and so continued for twenty years, his position being 
one of large responsibility and importance. This work carried him into all parts 
of western Canada and familiarized him with values in all sections of the country. 
The work involved rough and arduous experiences at times, as in the early days 
transportation was primative. While the main lines of the railroad had been built 
the work necessitated driving in a buggy almost every foot of the country from 
Toronto to the Pacific coast. His duties at length brought him to Vancouver in 
1904, since which time he has been a resident of this city. He continued with the 
Canadian Permanent Loan Company until 1908, when desiring that his labors 
should more directly benefit himself he resigned his position and joined E. J. 
Enthoven in organizing the Vancouver Financial Corporation, Ltd., of which he 
became managing director and so continues. This has become one of the strong 
moneyed institutions of the province, and its unassailable reputation and large 
business interests are the direct result of the enterprise, business management and 
well formulated plans of Mr. Drayton and his partner. The beginning of the 
business was small. A little room was secured and the company started to estab- 
lish a clientage. Their worth as factors in financial circles soon became recognized, 
the number of their clients increased, and today a large volume of business is 




CHARLES R. DRAYTON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 281 

transacted in well appointed offices in the London building. The officers of the 
company are: H. Abbott, chairman; C. R. Drayton, managing director; and E. J. 
Enthoven, secretary-treasurer. Only five years have passed since the organization 
of the Vancouver Financial Corporation, Ltd., yet it is capitalized today for two 
hundred and ten thousand dollars and has a reserve of two hundred thousand 
dollars. Their connections in Scotland are extensive and they are represented 
by agents in both Glasgow and Edinburgh. They conduct a general financial 
brokerage business and have invested large sums for clients. They never enter 
upon unwarranted risks, their progressiveness being tempered by a safe conserva- 
tism, yet their progress is never blocked by undue fear or faltering. The company 
also manages several large business and office buildings in Vancouver and con- 
ducts an extensive fire and casualty insurance business, being general agents for 
the General Fire Insurance Company of Perth, Scotland; the Aetna Insurance 
Company, of Hartford, Connecticut ; the General Accident Insurance Company, 
of Toronto; and the Canadian Casualty Boiler Insurance Company. A valuable 
asset in the management and control of the business has been Mr. Drayton's 
broad and accurate knowledge of values, acquired in his long experience as in- 
spector of the Canadian Permanent Loan Company. Through this knowledge 
the money of clients has been wisely and safely invested and benefit has accrued 
to clients and their financial agents. Mr. Drayton is recognized as one of the 
foremost authorities on values in British Columbia, there being no better in- 
formed man in that line in the province. He makes this his especial feature of 
the business and is now valuator for six leading life insurance companies of Can- 
ada and is often called upon to act for the city of Vancouver on arbitrations in 
valuations. Mr. Drayton also has other financial interests, being a director of W. 
M. Harrison & Company, Ltd., operating a chain of drug stores in Vancouver, 
and chairman of the Utrecht Canadian Investment Company, Ltd., of Vancouver. 
In politics Mr. Drayton is independent. He belongs to the Vancouver Club 
and to the Anglican church, and is interested in other important features of life 
working for the bettering of the individual or the community. On the i8th of 
June, 1900, at Toronto, he married Lydia Howland, a daughter of the late H. S. 
Howland, president of the Imperial Bank of Canada, and their children are Henry 
Howland and Charles Hampden. While Mr. Drayton has attained a most enviable 
position in financial circles, the course that he has pursued is one which will bear 
close investigation and scrutiny. There are no esoteric chapters in his life his- 
tory. Diligence, determination and sound judgment have been the salient factors 
in his career, making his an honored name in financial circles. 



WILLIAM JUKES MARSHALL. 

William Jukes Marshall, senior partner in the firm of Marshall, Plummer & 
Company, civil engineers and contractors, entered into this relation in 1911, and 
in the intervening period of two years has built up a business of large and 
gratifying proportions. He was born at St. Catharines, Ontario, February 28, 
1880, and is a son of Paul Harry and Susan Ann (Jukes) Marshall. In the 
maternal line he comes of a United Empire Loyalist family prominent in 
Canadian history. In 1891 the parents removed westward to British Columbia, 
settling in Victoria, where William J. Marshall pursued his education for a time 
in public schools and also attended school at Nanaimo. When his text-books were 
put aside he came to Vancouver and was afterward employed in various capacities 
until 1908, when he became connected with the contracting business as an employe 
of T. R. Nickson & Company, with whom he continued until 1911, when he 
entered into partnership with A. A. Plummer under the style of Marshall, 
Plummer & Company. This firm is today a prominent one, having a large 
clientage in both civil engineering and contracting. Thorough training and 
broad experience have qualified these men for the conduct of the important 

Vol. IllId 



282 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

interests entrusted to them and in which connection they are winning substantial 
success. They are now clearing up one hundred and thirty acres for the 
provincial government just outside of the city limits and are at present dyking 
Nicomen island in the Fraser river, about a ninety thousand dollar job. They 
have done macadamizing at Port Grey and steam shovel excavation work and 
concrete work for schools and other public buildings. 

On the loth of October, 1911, in Vancouver, Mr. Marshall was united in 
marriage to Miss Sarah Davis, a daughter of the Rev. John Hardwick and 
Florence Davis. Her father was connected with several parishes in England, 
and in the early days of the settlement of the northwest made his way to 
Victoria, where he officiated at the Victoria cathedral. Mr. and Mrs. Marshall 
are also of the Anglican faith. The former was at one time identified with the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, but is not affiliated therewith at this 
writing. His political allegiance is given to the conservative party, and as a 
member of the Vancouver Board of Trade he cooperates in many of its plans 
and projects for the public good. 



CHARLES HUBERT WATSON. 

Musical circles of New Westminster and indeed all' circles in a city where 
ability is respected and integrity honored suffered a distinct loss in the death of 
Charles Hubert Watson, for three years leader of the city band and organist and 
choirmaster of St. Andrew's Presbyterian church. At the time of his death, which 
occurred at Honolulu during the Spanish-American war, he was the director of the 
First Regiment band, and also band master of the Thirteenth Minnesota Volun- 
teers, an organization which he founded and which his well timed and indefatig- 
able labor placed among the leading organizations of its kind in the United States 
army. 

Mr. Watson was born in New Brunswick, September 22, 1864, and was a son 
of Rev. A. A. and Jane Caroline Watson, the former of whom has passed away, 
the latter now residing in Minneapolis. Mr. Watson spent his childhood and 
acquired his education in his native city and during practically his entire active 
life was prominent in musical circles there, although he resided in New West- 
minster for a number of years. Those years won for him the confidence and 
high regard of all who came within the close circle of his friendship and a place 
of distinction and honor as a musician. He was band master of the City Band 
for three years, during which time it earned a professional reputation as a well 
managed, well directed and thoroughly proficient musical organization, and he 
was also organist and choirmaster of St. Andrew's Presbyterian church. In 
musical circles generally he was prominent and popular and he gained a wide- 
spread reputation as an able teacher, many of his former pupils being today accom- 
plished musicians. About the year 1894 Mr. Watson returned to Minneapolis 
and there became quickly prominent in musical circles, his ability and energy 
carrying him forward into important relations with the musical life of the com- 
munity. Here he organized the First Regiment Band and was its director for 
many years, leading some of the best musicians in western America. During this 
time also he organized and became the leader of Watson's Orchestra and was for 
one year in charge of the orchestra of the Bijou Theatre. His administrative 
ability directed into musical channels brought him prominence and distinction as a 
leader but it was fully equaled by his ability as a musician, for he possessed talent 
that seemed destined to carry him far, both as a player and as a composer. Prac- 
tically every musical instrument was at his command although the violin and pipe 
organ were his favorites, and his musical execution, which was of a high order, 
was nevertheless equaled by his talent as a composer. He arranged many of the 
numbers played by his organizations and when he later engaged in the musical 
publishing business he exploited the Thelma March which enjoyed a wide popu- 




CHARLES H. WATSON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 285 

larity. His most notable work was in the gathering of large miltiary bands for 
special grand street work and his executive and organizing ability was very evi- 
dent during the Elks' parade held in Minneapolis in 1897, tne largest pageant of 
its kind ever seen in that city. 

When the Spanish-American war broke out and the Minneapolis Battalion 
was drafted for the expedition to Manila, Mr. Watson linked his fortunes with 
those of his regiment and proceeded with it to San Francisco, where the army 
was encamped awaiting the arrival of the transports. Here his conspicuous serv- 
ices were again officially recognized and he was promoted to be brigade band- 
master. There was some sickness in the camp at that time and it is supposed that 
during this period Mr. Watson contracted typhoid fever which only developed 
after the troops had sailed for the Philippines. Upon their arrival at Honolulu 
he was so ill that it was impossible to take him to the end of the journey and 
he was accordingly left on the island under the charge of competent nurses. His 
health did not improve, however, and on July 20, 1898, death claimed him, cut- 
ting short a promising career. 

Mr. Watson married on April 16, 1890. Miss Margaret Eva Campbell, a 
daughter of John and Mary Campbell, and they became the parents of two chil- 
dren, Marguerite Elizabeth and Campbell Hubert Allan. The family now reside 
at No. 427 Fourth street, New Westminster, and are well known in social circles 
of that city. 

Mr. Watson had many friends in New Westminster and in other parts of this 
province, all of whom deeply mourned the sudden termination of an active, suc- 
cessful and unusually promising career. Mr. Watson has also been sadly missed 
in musical circles of Minneapolis, where his work and enthusiasm had given a 
new impetus to musical advancement and where his contributions to musical 
development were timely and notable. 



JOHN McLFOD. 

Many are drawn into real-estate circles because of the rapid and substantial 
growth of Vancouver, and indeed this is an excellent field for activity along 
that line. Not all realize, however, that industry, perseverance, capability and 
initiative are just as important to the real-estate dealer as to the merchant or 
manufacturer. Mr. McLeod, however, has employed the qualities mentioned 
and since 1909 has been conducting a successful and growing business as 
president and managing director of the John McLeod Company, Ltd. He was 
born in Glengarry, Ontario, August 13, 1870, a son of Murdock and Bella 
(Stewart) McLeod, well known farming people of that neighborhood. In the 
public schools of Glengarry county the son acquired his education, and taking 
up the study of telegraphy became an operator for the Grand Trunk Railway at 
Bright, Ontario, where he remained for four years. He afterward spent 
several years as a relieving operator, and in 1897 came to Vancouver, where 
he was employed for a time in the building trade. In 1905 he started in the 
real-estate business, with which he has now been associated for eight years. 
The present John McLeod Company, Ltd., was organized in 1909 and Mr. 
McLeod has since been in control of its affairs as president and managing director. 
He has made a close study of the property upon the market, has displayed sound 
judgment in anticipating the possible rise or diminution of values, and has so 
conducted his affairs as to win substantial return. 

On the 25th of March, 1910, at Seattle, Washington, Mr. McLeod was 
married to Miss Margaret Williamson McAdie, of Nanaimo, British Columbia, a 
daughter of Henry and Margaret McAdie. Her parents were pioneers of this 
province, coming here on their wedding journey and settling in Nanaimo, where 
they have since resided. 



286 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

Mr. McLeod is a supporter of the liberal party but is not active in politics. 
He is prominent in Masonic circles, holding membership in Acacia Lodge, 
F. & A. M., of Vancouver ; in the Royal Arch Chapter, Preceptory and in Gizeh 
Temple of the Mystic Shrine. He also belongs to the Terminal City Club, and the 
rules and principles which govern his conduct are largely found in the teachings 
of the Presbyterian church, of which he is a member. 



HARRY JOHN PAINTER. 

Harry John Painter is assessment commissioner of Vancouver and has for 
many years been active in civic affairs. Moreover, he is one of the pioneers of 
British Columbia, having taken up his abode in Vancouver in the year in which its 
present name was adopted. He was born in Hanley, Staffordshire, England, 
June 14, 1856, and is a son of Frederick Charles and Emily (Marriner) Painter. 
The father was for many years connected with the pottery business in England, 
having for a long period been traveling representative for W. T. Copeland & 
Sons, of Stoke-on-Trent, while later he was connected with the Coalport China 
Works in Shropshire, England, for many years. His travels in connection with 
business took him all over Great Britain and Ireland, and in the years of his 
service on the road he became widely known, being a familiar figure in many 
cities and having legions of friends wherever he went. He possessed the genial, 
social qualities which win high regard, and all who knew him spoke of him in 
terms of great respect. 

Harry John Painter was educated in the schools of Bridgeworth, Shropshire, 
England, after which he entered the employ of the firm of I. & T. Dimmock & 
Company, a large timber and lumber concern. He became a timber valuator for 
that house and the work took him to various sections of Great Britain. He 
severed that connection in February, 1881, and in April of the same year he came 
to Canada, going first to Winnipeg, which was then the western terminus of the 
Canadian Pacific Railway. He remained in Winnipeg for a year, variously 
employed, and in that time was looking out for a permanent location. He also 
attended night school at Winnipeg, entering a business college, in which he 
acquitted himself with honors. In the spring of 1882 he made his way to the 
Northwest Territory and settled at Broadview, Assiniboia, where he engaged in 
farming. He was also land agent for the Canadian Pacific Railway and likewise 
served as first postmaster of Broadview, while in connection with a partner he 
conducted a general store. During that time he served on the jury in the trial of 
the case of the Queen versus Louis Riel, who was arrested for high treason, 
having been the instigator and the leader of the famous Riel rebellion. He was 
the first member of the jury sworn at that trial, which took place at Regina, 
Assiniboia, in 1885. 

In November, 1886, Mr. Painter arrived in British Columbia, settling at 
Vancouver, where he became connected with the building department of the 
Canadian Pacific Railroad, and so remained until March, 1888. He was after- 
ward with the land department of the road until October, 1899, when he went into 
business on his own account as a real-estate and general financial broker in Van- 
couver, becoming senior partner of the firm of Painter & Turton. He was thus 
engaged until 1903, when, having been appointed to the provincial assessment 
office of British Columbia, he retired from the real-estate business to give his 
undivided attention to his new duties, which he assumed on the 1st of January, 
1903. He continued in that position until March, 1907, when he was appointed 
assessment commissioner of the city of Vancouver, and so remains to the present 
time. His long continuance in these offices speaks in incontrovertible terms of his 
ability and fidelity. In politics Mr. Painter has always been known as a stalwart 
conservative. He has taken an active part in civic affairs in Vancouver, and 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 287 

for three consecutive terms 1896, 1897 and 1898 was alderman of the city, and 
was again elected for the year 1901. 

While residing in England Mr. Painter served for a number of years with 
the Queen's Own Staffordshire Rangers, being sergeant of that command when he 
retired from the service preparatory to coming to Canada in 1881. He was 
highly complimented when he passed the examination for sergeant, the examining 
board stating that few, if any, in any branch of the service showed as thorough a 
knowledge of military affairs, tactics, etc. 

On the 29th of August, 1883, at Whitewood, Assiniboia, Mr. Painter was 
united in marriage to Miss Annie M. Petchell, of Aldborough, England, a 
daughter of Edward Petchell, an extensive farmer of Yorkshire, England, who, 
after crossing the Atlantic to Canada in 1883, began farming at Broadview, where 
he remained until 1894, when he came to British Columbia to live with his 
daughter until his death, which occurred in 1907. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Painter were born eight children, seven sons and a 
daughter, all of whom are living with the exception of the second son, Frederick 
Charles, who passed away in November, 1912. He was a fine young man in per- 
son, in talents and in character, was an athlete of ability, possessed a legion of 
friends, and his death was a sad blow to his parents. The living children are: 
Emily, a teacher at Alexandra Orphanage School at Vancouver ; Edward Petchell, 
a naval architect of Vancouver ; Harry John, a railway mail clerk and a member 
of the Vancouver Athletic Club lacross team, the champion amateur lacrosse team 
of the world ; Robert, a mechanical engineer in the employ of the Vancouver 
Engineering Works; Cornelius Stamford, now attending the Vancouver Business 
Institute ; Joe, an employe of the British Columbia Telephone Company ; and 
Frank Midforth, at school in Vancouver. The family attend the Anglican church, 
in which Mr. Painter holds membership. He is also connected with the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen. He is perhaps best known through his official con- 
nections, but in every relation of life has commanded the warm regard of those 
with whom he has been associated. His public record is most commendable, and 
in all his service he has been actuated by a loyalty to the general welfare that 
none questions. 



LEON JOHNSON LADNER. 

Among the younger and more prominent members of the bar of Vancouver, 
British Columbia, is Leon Johnson Ladner, who in two years has built up an im- 
portant private practice which connects him with some of the foremost interests of 
the city. A native of this province, he was born on November 29, 1884, and is a 
son of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas E. Ladner, of whom more extended mention is made 
in another part of this work. He received his education in the public and high 
schools of New Westminster and the University of Toronto, from which he grad- 
uated with the degree of B. A. and with honors in political science in 1907. Two 
years later he took the degree of LL. B. from the same university and then studied 
law under Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper, K. C. Mr. Ladner was called to the bar of 
British Columbia in July, 1910, after which he spent one year abroad, traveling 
throughout various parts of Europe, during which time he supplemented his course 
in economics by gathering data on various forms of taxation and government. 
Returning to Vancouver in the fall of 1911 he engaged in practice alone for a 
short time and then entered into a partnership with W. A. Cantelon, under the 
firm name of Ladner & Cantelon. They engage in general practice and have 
become recognized as young men of more than ordinary ability, gifted with a right 
understanding of the law and able and thorough in their preparation of any cause 
entrusted to their care. Mr. Ladner is also connected with his brother-in-law, 
Lantzius, formerly a manufacturer of northern France, in the wholesale im- 



288 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

porting business with offices in the Fairfield building. Moreover, he is a director 
in the Ladner Investment & Trust Company, Ltd. 

In the beautiful city of Nice, France, on his first European tour, Mr. Ladner 
met Miss Jeanne Lantzius, a resident of Lille, who was spending the winter on 
the Riviera. In April, 1912, Mr. Ladner returned to France for the young lady 
and they were married in Brussels, Belgium. Mrs. Ladner is a daughter of Emile 
and Helene Lantzius, both natives of France, her father being a well known manu- 
facturer of Lille. 

In his political affiliations Mr. Ladner is a conservative and has always taken 
an active interest in the welfare of his party. He is a public speaker and is often 
called upon to defend the cause during campaigns. However, he is not an office 
seeker. He is a member of the Native Sons of British Columbia. Progressive 
and aggressive, Mr. Lander is typical of the west, all of his actions being per- 
meated with energy and ambition. He is genial, pleasant-mannered and open- 
hearted, and readily supports any enterprise instituted to promote advancement 
along material or intellectual lines. As a lawyer he has already attained a good 
position, being capable, honest and conscientious. Mr. Ladner has every occasion 
to exhibit the faculties which a lawyer should possess skill, ability and force in 
the presentation of a case. He is a good judge of human nature and character 
and last, but not least, possesses untiring industry. 



CHARLES EDWARD DOHERTY, M. D. 

Specialization in the present age has promoted knowledge to a point largely 
approaching perfection. In all of the professions there are men who are giving 
their attention to certain departments thereof with the result that they attain 
skill and efficiency which could never be acquired were they to continue in the 
general professional lines. In this connection mention should be made of Charles 
Edward Doherty, today eminent in a field of practice in the treatment of mental 
.and nervous diseases. In 1905 he became medical superintendent of the Provin- 
cial Hospital for the Insane at Coquitlam. Since called to this position he has 
introduced many new and novel methods for the care of the mentally deranged 
which are proving of notable worth in the restoration of normal conditions, while 
Dr. Doherty has become widely recognized as a most serviceable factor in the 
world's work. 

A native of Peel county, Ontario, he was born November 28, 1873, of the 
marriage of William F. and Mary Anne Doherty. The father was a pioneer 
settler of Peel county and became one of the most successful farmers there. He 
was particularly noted as a raiser and exporter of stock and at the time of his 
death in 1907 was one of the largest property holders in Peel county. His wife 
survived him for several years, passing away in January, 1913. 

In the public schools of Peel county Dr. Doherty mastered the elementary 
branches of learning and later attended the Toronto Collegiate Institute, Trinity 
University and Trinity Medical College. From the university, in 1899, he received 
the degrees of M. D. and C. M., and from the medical college that of F. T. M. C. 
Throughout the years of his active connection with the profession he has been 
engaged in hospital practice. Following his graduation he was appointed medical 
superintendent of the Kootenay Lake General Hospital in 1899 and there re- 
mained until 1902, when he was appointed assistant medical superintendent of the 
Provincial Hospital for the Insane at Coquitlam, acting in that capacity for three 
years or until 1905, when he became medical superintendent. Speaking of a 
recent visit to the institution, Dr. Wesbrook, president of the new provincial 
university, said: "I was delighted with all I saw;" and after eulogizing certain 
features of the institution as conducted under Dr. Doherty's supervision, he 
pointed out that the agricultural work carried on at the hospital farm will render 
it a valuable adjunct to the university when the classes in practical agriculture 




DR. CHARLES E. DOHERTY 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 291 

are opened. In speaking of the system of classification of patients introduced 
by Dr. Doherty, President Wesbrook said that it was ahead of anything on the 
American continent and that the institution promised to give results in the treat- 
ment of the mentally afflicted that would surprise the world. 

In 1905 Dr. Doherty was married to Miss Elweena Martin, a native of Brit- 
ish Columbia and a daughter of S. B. Martin, one of the provincial pioneers. 
They have three children, two sons and a daughter. Dr. Doherty has never dissi- 
pated his energies over various fields of labor but has ever concentrated his 
efforts upon his profession and today occupies a notable place among the emi- 
nent specialists on mental diseases in the country. His broad study has made 
him familiar with the methods followed in leading Canadian and American insti- 
tutions and also abroad, and practical knowledge and experience have enabled 
him to institute new plans the beneficial results of which have been directly observ- 
able. Humanity and science constitute the basis for his labors in this connec- 
tion, and when we judge of the individual according to the standards of a mod- 
ern philosopher who has said : "Not the good that comes to us, but the good that 
comes to the world through us, is the measure of our success," then the life work 
of Dr. Doherty may be said to be most successful. 



JAMES EDWARD McMULLEN. 

James Edward McMullen, solicitor for the Canadian Pacific Railroad at Van- 
couver, was born in Woodstock, Ontario, June 20, 1872, his parents being the 
Rev. W. T. and Susanna (Gilbert) McMullen, who were representatives of 
Ontario pioneer families. The son was a pupil in the public and high schools 
of Woodstock and afterward entered Osgoode Hall at Toronto, Ontario, from 
which he was graduated with the class of 1896. Having carefully prepared for 
the practice of law, he was called to the Ontario bar in that year and opened a 
law office at Gait, Ontario, where he remained until 1898. He then joined the 
staff of the legal department of the Canadian Pacific Railway at Montreal, and 
remained there until 1906, when he came to Vancouver to take charge of that 
company's legal business in British Columbia. 

At Toronto, Ontario, on the 3d of January, 1906, Mr. McMullen married 
Miss Naomi Temple, a daughter of Edmund B. Temple. Mr. Temple was govern- 
ment engineer for a number of years at Toronto Harbor and later had charge of 
the harbors at Fort William and Port Arthur, Ontario. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Mc- 
Mullen have been born two sons and a daughter, Edmund Temple, Naomi Temple 
and James Temple. Mr. McMullen is a Presbyterian. In politics he is a liberal. 
He is a member of the Vancouver Club of Vancouver and the Union Club of 
Victoria. 



ROBERT MACKAY FRIPP. 

Robert Mackay Fripp, architect, whose reputation and renown are based upon 
his artistic nature, thorough training and well developed powers, was born in 
Clifton, England, December 16, 1858, his parents being George Arthur and Mary 
Fripp. George Arthur Fripp, R. W. S., was at one time court painter to Prince 
Albert and Queen Victoria. 

Robert M. Fripp was educated at Belsize Manor, a private school, and under 
private tutorship. In 1874 he began the study of architecture in London and ten 
years later entered upon the active practice of his profession in Auckland, New 
Zealand, where he remained for about four years. In 1888 he came to Vancouver, 
where he has since practiced his profession, but prior to that time he had traveled 
to a considerable extent, studying widely in connection with his business. Be- 



292 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

ginning in 1878 he spent about a year in travel in South Africa, another year in 
eastern Asia, the third year in Europe, and from 1881 until 1884 he was in Tas- 
mania and Australia. He then began practice in Auckland, New Zealand, remain- 
ing there from 1884 to 1888, when he came to the northwest. Since that time he 
has lectured to some extent at Chautauquas, art clubs, arts and crafts societies and 
before other organizations, delivering a course of lectures on art and archaeology 
and architectural ornament. His wide reading, his broad experience and his deep 
research have enabled him to speak not only entertainingly but also with authority 
upon questions relating to architecture in any of its various phases or with refer- 
ence to its history. He was again in New Zealand from 1896 until 1898 and in the 
latter year returned to British Columbia. From 1901 until 1908 he was in 
England and California and was made a certificated architect (L. A. C.) in 1906. 
In 1908 he returned to Vancouver, where he has since engaged in practice, and in 
1910 he was made a fellow of the Royal Society of Arts. He became also a fellow 
of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1901 but afterward resigned. He 
is the author of essays on Arts and Crafts, the Maori Art and others, and his writ- 
ings are of deep interest to all who have had technical training along those lines 
or who have an artistic sense that finds gratification in carrying on investigation 
of that character. 

On the 27th of February, 1887, at Auckland, New Zealand, Mr. Fripp was 
united in marriage to M,iss Christina Nichol, a daughter of John W. and Annie 
Nichol. Her father, late of Jesmond, near Newcastle, England, was a representa- 
tive of an old English family. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Fripp have been born four 
children, George Mackay, Clifford Russell, Alice and Dorothea. 

Mr. Fripp was for several years a member of the First Berkshire Volunteers. 
In South Africa he joined the mounted infantry, with which he was connected for 
eighteen months, and he was also a member of the New Zealand Garrison Artillery 
and later of the New Zealand Mounted Infantry. While in that country he 
became a member of New Zealand Lodge, F. & A. M., and his religious faith is 
that of the Anglican church. That he is interested in municipal affairs and in those 
things which are a matter of civic virtue and civic pride is indicated in the fact 
that he is a member of the Vancouver City Beautiful Association and a vice 
president of the Arts, Historical and Scientific Association; also a member of 
the board of the Canadian Club, and more strictly along professional lines he is 
connected with the Pylon Architectural Club of Vancouver and the Canadian 
Handicrafts Guild of Vancouver, being president of the former and vice president 
of the latter. Actuated at all times by a spirit of progress, he could never con- 
tent himself with mediocrity along professional lines and has gained that broad 
knowledge and well merited reputation which come through wide study and highly 
developed powers. 



THOMAS JOSEPH ARMSTRONG. 

The fact that Thomas Joseph Armstrong has held the important office of 
sheriff of Westminster county for twenty years speaks for itself and stands as 
evidence of his ability, faithfulness to duty and his sense of honor as a public 
servant. A native of New Westminster, he has made a record which is a credit 
to himself and reflects honor upon his community. His public career began in 
1886, when he became deputy to his distinguished father, who was then sheriff, 
and he has since continued in the public service. He is one of the most popular 
officials in Westminster county and enjoys the confidence and good- will of all 
who know him. Born in 1864, he is a son of the Hon. William J. and Honor C. 
(Ladner) Armstrong, an extended biography of whom appears in another part 
of this work. 

Thomas J. Armstrong acquired his education in the common and high 
schools of New Westminster, continuing his studies to his eighteenth year, in 




THOMAS J. ARMSTRONG 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 295 

which he became a clerk in a book and stationery store in his .native city. He 
subsequently removed to San Francisco, California, where he learned the drug 
business and upon his return, to British Columbia, in 1885, engaged in that line 
in partnership with F. H. Coulter in New Westminster, but in the following year 
disposed of his interests to D. S. Curtis and in May, 1886, began his public 
career. At that time he became deputy to his father, who was then sheriff of 
Westminster county, and continued as such until September 17, 1892, on which 
date he was appointed acting sheriff. When the act of parliament dividing 
Westminster and Vancouver counties went into effect on October 27, 1892, he 
received the appointment of acting sheriff, of the latter county as well, serving' for 
both counties until July 25, 1893, on which date he was commissioned sheriff of 
Westminster county, in which office he has since so ably served. The work 
he has done for the past twenty years in his official capacity deserves the 
highest commendation, and through his efforts he has largely succeeded in 
stamping out lawlessness and controlling the criminal element. In August, 1901, 
Mr. Armstrong was also appointed issuer of marriage licenses, which is still 
part of his official duties. 

In 1888 Thomas J. Armstrong was united in marriage to Miss Annie Kerr, 
a native of Ingersoll, Ontario, and a daughter of Daniel Kerr, a pioneer carriage 
manufacturer of that city. Mr. and Mrs. Armstrong are the parents of one 
daughter, Nora Marguerite. Prominent in fraternal circles, Mr. Armstrong 
served as deputy grand master of the Masonic grand lodge of British Columbia 
and in June, 1905, was elected grand master of the grand lodge of the province, 
the election being held in New Westminster. He also is a member of the West- 
minster Club. Faithful to his duties and loyal to his country, Mr. Armstrong 
gives a leading example of what constitutes right-minded citizenship and receives 
the confidence and good-will of all with whom he comes in contact in an 
official or social way. 

CHARLES H. CARNWATH. 

Charles H. Carnwath, organizer and managing director of the False Creek 
Lumber Company, has been connected with the business since 1906 and in its 
conduct has proven his worth and executive force. Vancouver has thus come to 
recognize him as an energetic and self-made man, for he owes his progress en- 
tirely to his own labors. He was born in Riverside, Albert county, New Bruns- 
wick, in 1867, his parents being James and Rosa (Kyle) Carnwath, both of whom 
were natives of Ireland, in which country they were reared and married. Soon 
afterward they crossed the Atlantic to New Brunswick and settled at Riverside, 
where for a few years the father engaged in teaching in the public schools. Later 
he became a general merchant in that town and there they spent the remainder 
of their lives. 

Charles H. Carnwath attended public and normal schools at Riverside and was 
also a teacher in the country schools for one year. But the west with its widen- 
ing possibilities attracted him and in 1888 he came to Vancouver which was still 
but a village at that time. He was first employed in connection with the Leamy 
& Kyle mill, in the early days known as the Red mill. This was the second mill 
built on False Creek. He worked there for seven and one-half years in the 
capacity of shipper and afterward became connected with the Royal City mill, 
which was the first built on the creek. He represented that business as shipper 
for one year and later engaged as shipper in the Robertson & Hackett mill, with 
which he was connected for five years. On the expiration of that period he re- 
turned to the Leamy & Kyle mill. In the meantime the business had been reor- 
ganized under the name of the Vancouver Lumber Company and Mr. Carnwath 
continued there as shipper until 1906, when, ambitious to engage in business on his 
own account, he utilized his earnings in the establishment of a business of his own, 



296 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

organizing the False Creek Lumber Company, of which he is the managing direc- 
tor. They mill all kinds of native lumber, with an output of seventy thousand 
feet of finished lumber per day, and the magnitude of the enterprise is furthermore 
indicated in the fact that they employ on an average of one hundred and thirty 
men and ship to all parts of Canada west of the maritime provinces. The business 
has, been developed largely through the enterprise and capability of Mr. Carnwath, 
who is familiar with all branches of the lumber industry and whose sound judg- 
ment and unfaltering activity have constituted the basis of this successful 
undertaking. 

In Vancouver, on the 2$d of May, 1895, Mr. Carnwath was married to Miss 
Phoebe Stewart, a daughter of D. M. Stewart, a well known pioneer of Vancouver. 
They have three children, Irene Hamilton, Charlotte Feme and Velma Stewart 
Mr. Carnwath votes with the liberal party. He and his wife are members of the 
Mount Pleasant Presbyterian church, in the work of which they are actively and 
helpfully interested. Mr. Carnwath deserves much credit for what he has accom- 
plished in a business way and his example should serve as a source of inspiration 
and encouragement to young men who start out as he did, practically empty- 
handed, but to whom the path of opportunity is ever open. 



FRANCIS WILLIAM ROUNSEFELL. 

The history of a country is no longer the record of wars and conquests but 
of business activity and enterprise, the conquest being no longer that of man 
over man but of mind over matter. Francis William Rounsefell is one who 
through his intelligently directed efforts has worked his way continuously 
upward and is now managing director of Ceperley, Rounsefell & Company, 
Limited, insurance, loaning and financial agents. He was born in Wolf- 
ville, Nova Scotia, February 19, 1868, and is a son of John and Margaret 
(DeWolf ) Rounsefell. The father, a native of Cornwall, England, is now living 
at Chilliwack, British Columbia. The mother was descended from United 
Empire Loyalist stock and belonged to the DeWolf family in whose honor the 
town of Wolfville, Nova Scotia, was named. 

Francis W. Rounsefell pursued his education in the schools of England and 
since 1882 has been identified with the west, having in that year removed to 
Brandon, Manitoba, where he entered the employ of the Merchants Bank, with 
which he continued for a number of years. In February, 1888, he came to 
Vancouver and was employed for a few years by the firm of Ross & Ceperley, 
with whom he continued after the incorporation of their insurance and loan 
business under the name of the Vancouver Loan Trust Savings & Guarantee 
Company, Limited. The concern was later changed to Ceperley, Loewen & 
Campbell, Limited, and Mr. Rounsefell, becoming financially interested in the 
business, was elected secretary. When the present corporation of Ceperley, 
Rousefell & Company, Limited, was formed he was elected managing director, 
which position he still fills. In 1910 Mr. Ceperley, retired from active participa- 
tion in the business but is still president. Active control and management largely 
devolve upon Mr. Rounsefell, who is a prominent representative of financial and 
insurance interests here, the firm controlling an extensive business, their clientage 
having increased year by year since the organization of the original company. 
Mr. Rounsefell is also a director of the Vancouver Milling & Grain Company, 
Limited, and is connected with the directorate of a number of mining com- 
panies. His attention, however, is chiefly given to the interests of Ceperley, 
Rounsefell & Company, Limited, today the leading concern in the fire insurance 
field in the province, their business o'ertopping that of all others. They also 
handle real estate and as financial agents conduct a large loaning business, 
although insurance is the principal feature. They are the general agents of the 
Phoenix of London and of the Liverpool & London & Globe Insurance Company. 




FEANCIS W. ROUNSEFELL 



299 

On the 3 ist of January, 1898, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Mr. Rounsefell 
was married to Miss Elizabeth DeWolf Vaughan, a daughter of Simon and Sarah 
Vaughan, connected with the well known firm of shipowners in Liverpool. Mr. 
and Mrs. Rounsefell have two children, Eric DeWolf and Marjorie Vaughan. 
The parents hold membership in Christ church, Anglican. Mr. Rounsefell gives 
his political allegiance to the conservative party, and something of the nature of 
his interests and recreation is indicated in the fact that he holds membership in 
the Vancouver, Country and Shaughnessy Heights Golf Clubs and is a director 
and vice president of the Vancouver Horse Show Association. The steps in his 
orderly progression are easily discernible, his advancement being made because 
of his recognition and utilization of opportunities, his laudable ambition and his 
undaunted enterprise. 

HENRY SIGLER. 

For twenty-one years Henry Sigler has been a resident of the northwest, and 
since 1909 has maintained his home in Vancouver, where he is well known as the 
president of the Alberta Financial Corporation, Ltd., financial agents and dealers 
in real estate. He was born in Roumania, on the i2th of October, 1867. When a 
young man of twenty-one years he crossed the Atlantic to the United States, 
landing in New York City in 1888. The following year he made his way to 
eastern Canada and after three years spent in that section of the country came to 
the northwest in 1892. He embarked in general merchandising at Edmonton, 
Alberta, in 1895 an< ^ there remained in trade until 1909, or for a period of four- 
teen years. He then came to Vancouver and in 1911 was instrumental in organiz- 
ing and incorporating the Alberta Financial Corporation, Ltd., of which he was 
elected president. 

On the 22d of September, 1898, in Montreal, Quebec, Mr. Sigler was united 
in marriage to Miss Fannie Lehrer. They have become the parents of two sons, 
David and Maurice. Mr. Sigler was a member of Edmonton Lodge, A. F. & A. M., 
which he joined in 1898, and, following his removal to Vancouver, he transferred 
his membership to Melrose Lodge in 1912. He belongs to the Progress Club and, 
like his associates in that organization, is much interested in all that pertains 
to the welfare and upbuilding of the city, the exploitation of its resources and its 
substantial development. He has never had occasion to regret his determination to 
seek a home in the new world, for here he has found the opportunities which he 
sought and which are always open to ambitious, energetic young men, and in their 
improvement he has made continuous advancement along business lines. 



OSCAR BRUCE ALLAN. 

Among the enterprises which make Vancouver one of the attractive commercial 
centers on the Pacific coast is the jewelry establishment owned and managed by 
Oscar Bruce Allan, who has a splendidly appointed store, in which he carries a 
large stock and in which he employs thirty-six people. He keeps in close touch 
with the progress of the times in all of his business affairs and his store sets the 
standard which many others follow. Mr. Allan is a native of Guelph, Ontario, 
born July 22, 1877, and his parents are John and Eliza Allan. The family is one 
of the oldest of Guelph, having been established there in 1833. Representatives 
of the name were the first millers and the first distillers of that place and the old 
home was the first house built in Guelph a log structure that is still standing. 
It was built by the Upper Canada Company for their resident engineer and when 
Mr. Allan's grandfather, William Allan, succeeded to that position he also became 
the occupant of the house. After years spent in the employ of the company he 



300 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

retired and erected flour mills, which for a number of years he owned and suc- 
cessfully operated. The log house built by the Upper Canada Company was later 
used by the Canadian Pacific Railroad as a depot until about two years ago. The 
lime used in building the foundation of the house was carried on the backs of 
men, a sack at a time, over a distance of forty-eight miles from Toronto. The 
Allan family shared in all of the hardships and privations incident to pioneer life 
and were active in the development of Ontario, where they were among the first 
settlers. 

Oscar Bruce Allan pursued his education in the public schools of Guelph and 
after putting aside his text-books turned his attention to the jewelry trade there 
serving a five-year apprenticeship and remaining in the business at that point until 
1897, when he came to Vancouver, where he worked in a jewelry store for some 
time. In 19/34 he established his present business. He now has a large establish- 
ment, employing about thirty-six people. His stock is extensive and complete, 
including goods of both domestic and foreign manufacture, and the attractive 
arrangement of the store, the well known reliability of his business methods and 
his unfaltering energy have brought to him a substantial measure of success. Pos- 
sibly his is one of the largest individual jewelry stores in Canada. As he has pros- 
pered in his undertakings he has also invested to some extent in Vancouver realty 
but concentrates his efforts upon his mercantile interests and is widely acknowl- 
edged to be the leading jeweler of Vancouver. 

On the 23d of September, 1901, in Vancouver, Mr. Allan was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Ellen Masters, a daughter of Thomas and Ellen Masters, who came 
to this city shortly after the fire of 1886. Both are still residing here. Mr. Allan 
is a member of Southern Cross Lodge, A. F. & A. M., of Vancouver, and belongs 
also to the Terminal City Club and to Christ church. It will thus be seen that 
business does not monopolize his time to the exclusion of other interests but that 
his life is well balanced in its activities. Men have come to know that he is to be 
relied upon as a citizen as well as a business man and as a friend as well as a 
factor in public life, and it would be difficult to find one who has more genuine 
friends in Vancouver than Oscar Bruce Allan. 



JOHN DAVID ROSS. 

Commercial and industrial enterprises are the foundations upon which are 
builded a city's development, prosperity and greatness. Among those who have 
contributed to the result accomplished in Vancouver, i John David Ross, a show 
case manufacturer, who has a large and well equipped plant and annually places 
upon the market an extensive output. He is today regarded as one of the fore- 
most representatives of industrial interests in Vancouver. He was born in 
Glengarry, Ontario, December 19, 1863, and is a son of David and Emily (Socier) 
Ross, the former a native of Scotland and the latter of Ontario. They resided in 
Glengarry until 1891, when they came to British Columbia. The father passed 
away in Kamloops and the mother in Vancouver. 

John David Ross, spending his youthful days under the parental roof, was a 
pupil in the public schools of Glengarry and while yet a boy in his teens learned 
the carpenter's trade with his father, who was a contractor. At a very early age 
he began contracting on his own account and when a youth of sixteen had four- 
teen carpenters in his employ a remarkable record for one of his years. He 
continued in that business there until 1886, when he came to British Columbia 
and worked on stations for the Canadian Pacific Railway between Donald and 
Kamloops for a short time. Locating in Kamloops, he there engaged in the 
contracting business as a member of the firm of McGilhvray & Ross, but after 
a year this partnership was dissolved. ,Mr. Ross remained alone in the con- 
tracting business for six years at Kamloops, .after which he came to Vancouver 
in 1893 and began contracting in a small way; but owing to the fact that very 







JOHN D; ROSS 



303 

little building was being done here at that time, he soon gave up the work and for 
a period was employed in a sash and door factory. In 1900, however, he began 
the manufacture of show cases, erecting a work bench in one room of his home. 
He had to borrow ten dollars to buy oak for the first two cases which he built. 
He soon gained a start, however, and afterward built a little shop, fourteen by 
twenty-eight feet, on the rear of his lot at No. 43 Eighth avenue, Mount Pleasant. 
About a year later he tore down this shop and built another, twenty-two by 
forty-eight feet, on the same site, put in a few machines and employed four men. 
He remained there for two years and then removed to Dufferin street, adjoining 
the location of his present plant. There he erected a frame building covering 
two lots and, enlarging and improving his plant, furnished employment to 
twenty men. In 1909 he sold a third interest in the business to J. O. Perry and 
they erected their present quarters, now occupying a spacious brick building at 
No. 291 Dufferin street. This building is three-story and basement, one hun- 
dred by one hundred feet, and is equipped with the most modern machinery to 
facilitate the work in their line. They employ from forty to fifty men and 
manufacture all kinds of show cases, bank, store and office fixtures and have a 
complete beveling and silvering plant for all kinds of mirrors. Their output 
amounts in value to about one hundred thousand dollars per year and their goods 
are sent to all parts of the province. In July, 1912, Mr. Ross purchased his 
partner's interest and is now sole proprietor of this business, which has grown 
steadily in volume and importance until it is now one of the foremost manufactur- 
ing enterprises of Vancouver. Its development has been along substantial lines 
and the secret of success is found in the energy, determination and straight- 
forward business methods of the proprietor. He has always maintained high 
business standards in the character of material used, in the quality of workman- 
ship and in the treatment accorded patrons, and as the years have gone by the 
success of this enterprise has grown until Mr. Ross is today numbered among 
the leading manufacturers of Vancouver. 

On the 3d of April, 1890, in Kamloops, British Columbia, Mr. Ross was 
married to Miss Agnes Brown, a native of Mount Forest, Grey county, Ontario, 
then residing in Kamloops. Unto them have been born seven children, as fol- 
lows: Stanley David, Winifred Margaret, Carmen Edwin, Allan, Russell, Loren 
and Emily. 

In politics Mr. Ross is a conservative and while interested in vital questions 
of good government, he is not an active worker in party ranks, his time and 
attention being fully occupied with his business interests, which for many years 
have been of constantly growing importance. He may truly be called a self- 
made man, for whatever success he has achieved is attributable to his own labors 
and his well defined and carefully executed plans. His record shows what may 
be accomplished when determination and energy lead the way and proves that 
success and an honorable name may be won simultaneously. 



PERCY FRAZIER. 

The course of years may bring the depletion of natural resources, yet those 
of British Columbia seem almost inexhaustible. She has rich mineral districts, 
splendid forests and broad prairie lands and the entire northwest furnishes splen- 
did opportunity for the investor. Mr. Frazier is active in controlling and directing 
interests along those lines as a dealer in timber lands and real-estate, fire and 
marine insurance and as financial agent. Within the past decade there has come 
to the northwest a great band of American citizens men of enterprise who have 
recognized the opportunities of this section and are utilizing them not only for 
their own benefit but also in the upbuilding and improvement of the district. To 
this class belongs Percy Frazier, who was born in Joliet, Illinois, June n, 1884, 
a son of Richard and Mary Jane Frazier, who were among the early pioneers of 



304 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

that state. The son, spending his youthful days under the parental roof, was a 
student in the public schools of Joliet until 1894, when the family removed to the 
northwest, settling at Vancouver, where he again attended public schools. He 
started in the business world in 1899 as an employe of a local grocery concern, 
with which he remained for a few years and then resigned to enter the employ 
of Swift & Company, wholesale dealers in meats and provisions. Following his 
marriage in 1907 he became interested with his father-in-law in some timber 
lands, although still in the employ of Swift & Company. Two years later he 
resigned his position with that corporation and entered into a partnership with his 
father-in-law in the lumber business under the firm name of Frazier & McNair. 
This partnership was dissolved in 1910 and Mr. Frazier continued the business on 
his own account under the firm style of P. Frazier & Company until May i, 1913, 
when he organized the Union Finance Company, Limited, which absorbed both 
P. Frazier & Company and the British Underwriters, Limited, and of which Mr. 
Frazier became president and so continues to the present time. The Union Finance 
Company, Limited, is a close corporation with a capital of twenty-five thousand 
dollars and doing a general insurance and financial brokerage business. They are 
general agents in British Columbia for the Los Angeles Fire Insurace Company of 
Los Angeles, California ; the Franklin Fire Insurance Company of Philadelphia ; 
the Western Union Fire Insurance Company of Vancouver, British Columbia ; the 
German Commercial Accident Insurance Company of Philadelphia ; and the Mis- 
souri Fidelity & Casualty Company of Springfield, Missouri. Though the com- 
pany is young, by their absorption of the two aforementioned companies they are 
already doing a large business and their prospects for the future are of the 
brightest. 

Mr. Frazier is largely conversant with values and with opportunities for invest- 
ment in timber lands and other real estate and has controlled important activities 
along those lines. Previous to the formation of the Union Finance Company, 
Limited, he also conducted a successful fire and marine insurance and general 
financial brokerage business which is now a part of the above mentioned company 
and to which Mr. Frazier gives his personal attention. 

On the 21 st day of August, 1907, in Vancouver, Mr. Frazier was united in 
marriage to Miss Margaret L. McNair, a daughter of David and Mary Jane Mc- 
Nair. They have one son, Percy, Jr. Mr. Frazier is a member of the Presby- 
terian church and he belongs to Southern Cross Lodge, A. F. & A. M. ; Pacific 
Chapter, R. A. M. ; and Columbia Preceptory, A. & A. S. R. The nature of his 
recreation is indicated in the fact that he holds membership in the American Club, 
of which he was one of the organizers and is at present a director. He is also 
a member of the Vancouver Automobile Club and the Vancouver Gun Club. He 
is wide awake, alert and energetic, attacking everything that he undertakes with a 
contagious enthusiasm, and in all his business affairs he has followed constructive 
methods, his path never being strewn with the wreck of other's failures. He rec- 
ognizes the fact that there is room and opportunity for all and he has won a 
liberal clientage by proving his business worth and his enterprise. 



CAPTAIN JOSEPH MAYERS. 

Captain Joseph Mayers, one of the leading coal dealers of New Westmintser 
and one of the city's foremost residents and public-spirited citizens, is a worthy 
native son of British Columbia, his birth having occurred at New Westminster 
on the 4th of August, 1870. His parents were Christian and Mary Mayers, the 
former a native of Germany and the latter of British Columbia. Christian May- 
ers was one of the pioneer settlers of New Westminster, having come to this 
province from his native country as a young man. He was among the first to 
make his way to the Cariboo country in search of gold in 1858. Subsequently 
he located in Active Pass and later removed to New Westminster. While his 




JOSEPH MAYERS 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 307 

son Joseph was still a child he took up his abode at Hastings (now Vancouver), 
on the site of which stood nothing but a sawmill. Later he returned to New 
Westminster and was here engaged in the tugboat and towing business until 
called to his ^ final rest on March 22, 1891. During his active business career 
he had been connected with steamboat interests and gained a wide acquaintance 
and enviable reputation in that connection. 

Joseph Mayers began his education at Hastings (now Vancouver) and com- 
pleted his studies in the public schools of New Westminster. As a boy he had 
spent a great deal of time on his father's boat and at the early age of fifteen 
years was made captain of a tugboat belonging to Alex Ewen, a pioneer in the fish 
canning industry. Subsequently he served as captain of the boats of the Brunette 
Saw Mills Company and later acted as captain of the boats of the Royal City 
Mills. In 1898 he left the employ of that concern, built a tugboat in associa- 
tion with N. R. Preston and embarked in the towing business. In 1901 Messrs. 
Mayers and Preston organized the Westminster Towing & Fishing Company, 
now operating four tugs. Mr. Mayers was made president of the company and 
served in that capacity for six years, on the expiration of which period he 
resigned in favor of Mr. Preston, who is now the chief executive officer, our 
subject being a member of the board of directors. In 1907, in association with 
Mr. Preston, he embarked in the coal business and two years later purchased his 
partner's interest therein and also in the tugboat which they had built, having 
since conducted both enterprises independently. Success has attended his efforts 
in these connections and he has gained a well merited reputation as one of New 
Westminster's leading coal dealers and prominent citizens. 

On the 8th of August, 1895, Captain Mayers was united in marriage to Miss 
Margaret Taylor, a daughter of James Taylor, who was one of the pioneers of 
British Columbia, coming from Scotland to this province for the Hudson's Bay 
Company. Captain and Mrs. Mayers have five children, namely : J. C. Francis, 
Margaret Catherine, Joseph G., Howard C. and Edward Wallace, all at home. 

Captain Mayers is a liberal in his political views and is one of the pilot com- 
missioners under the Dominion government. He belongs to the Native Sons of 
British Columbia and the Westminster Club and in fraternal circles is well known 
as a member of Fraser Lodge, No. 3, Ancient Order of United Workmen, and 
New Westminster Lodge, No. 854, Loyal Order of Moose. He attends the serv- 
ices and contributes to the support of the Church of England, to which his wife 
belongs. They are well known and highly esteemed throughout the province, 
the circle of their friends being almost coextensive with the circle of their 
acquaintances. 

JOHN SPURGEON STEEVES. 

In a rapidly growing city there is splendid opportunity for a real-estate man 
and he who can see and utilize advantages as they arise has excellent chance to 
win success. Mr. Steeves is numbered among those who are devoting their ener- 
gies to real-estate dealing and in this connection has negotiated a number of im- 
portant realty transfers. He was born in Kings county, New Brunswick, Septem- 
ber 26, 1878, a son of Gideon and Rebecca (Brown) Steeves, representatives of a 
United Empire Loyalist family that was originally founded in Massachusetts, but 
on the proclamation of American independence, remaining loyal to the crown, 
came to Canada. 

In the public schools of New Brunswick, John Spurgeon Steeves pursued 
his education, and after putting aside his text-books turned his attention to agri- 
cultural pursuits. He continued to follow farming in New Brunswick until April, 
1907, and in the following August came to Vancouver and entered the real-estate 
field, in which he has since operated. For about three months he was in partner- 
ship with E. A. Duke under the firm style of Duke & Steeves in 1910, but since 



308 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

the dissolution of that partnership Mr. Steeves has been alone. His investments 
are principally in local real estate and he has become the owner of valuable prop- 
erty here. He is thoroughly conversant with the real estate that is upon the 
market, is an expert in the valuation of property, and has negotiated many im- 
portant transfers which have been satisfactory alike to him and to his clients. 

Mr. Steeves was a member of the Eighth Hussars Light Cavalry. His political 
faith is that of the liberal party and his religious belief that of the Baptist church. 
He holds membership with the Orange order and with the Modern Woodmen of 
America. He is interested in all the questions and problems of the day that have 
to do with the upbuilding of the city or with the welfare of the province, and his 
influence can always be counted upon as a factor on the side of public progress. 



JOHN HOWE CARLISLE. 

It is only when a crisis arises calling forth the strenuous effort of a well organ- 
ized fire department that the majority of people stop to think of how important 
is the service rendered by the fire fighters of a community and how necessary it 
is to have at their head a man capable, cool and resourceful. Such a man Van- 
couver has found in John Howe Carlisle, who since 1888 has been chief of the 
regular department and held the same position with the volunteer force from 
December, 1886. He was born November 4, 1858, in Albert county, New Bruns- 
wick, and pursued a public-school education while spending his youthful days in 
the home of his parents, Theodore and Jane Carlisle. After leaving school he 
removed westward and for three months was a resident of Idaho. He then 
went to Seattle, Washington, where he remained for two years, and in March, 
1886, he arrived in Vancouver, where he has since made his home. In Decem- 
ber of the same year he was appointed to the position of chief of the Vancouver 
fire department, which was then a volunteer organization, and in 1888, when 
this was changed to a paid department, he was chosen chief and has continued 
in the position to the present time, or for a period of a quarter of a century, 
and is now the oldest fire chief in point of service in Canada. When chief of 
the volunteers Mr. Carlisle was engaged in the trucking business, but upon the 
organization of the fire force as a city department he gave up his activities along 
that line. The first fire department was founded in Vancouver in May, 1886, 
but had no equipment when the town burned. After becoming chief of the 
regular force Mr. Carlisle set himself immediately to the task of perfecting a 
splendid organization with excellent equipment in the way of fire-fighting appa- 
ratus, and the men under him are most loyal, recognizing in him one who is cap- 
able of directing their labors to the best advantage when emergency demands. 
Vancouver may be said to be the first place on this continent to have adopted 
the automobile system at a time when in other places squad wagons only were 
used. Visitors from all over, including the United States, came here to see the 
new system in operation. Continually the equipment was improved, and in 1908 
the equipment for the fire department was two hose wagons and a chemical 
engine of automobile type, and these innovations proved so satisfactory that the 
city has since enlarged its equipment to its present size, some of the engines 
having as high a speed as sixty miles per hour. The present equipment is com- 
posed of eighteen pieces, including hose wagons, chemical engines, aerial trucks 
and one self-propelling steam fire engine. The aerial trucks reach eighty-five feet 
and to each are assigned eight men, but as low as two men can handle one of the 
trucks. Mr. Carlisle has done everything in his power to make this splendid equip- 
ment effective and on numerous occasions has proven his extraordinary ability in 
handling dangerous situations. He is cool and collected in times of excitement, 
never losing sight of what might be termed the strategic point in winning a 
victory over the destructive element. 




JOHN H. CARLISLE 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 311 

On the 1 5th of March, 1887, in Seattle, Washington, Mr. Carlisle was united 
in marriage to Miss Laura McRae, a daughter of Alexander and Elinor McRae. 
Their children are Dora, Frank, Ethel, Kenneth, Walter, Ella, Verona, Jack 
and Florence. The eldest daughter is the wife of A. S. McDonald, of Vancouver, 
and the others are all yet at home. 

Chief Carlisle is a member of Acacia Lodge, No. 22, A. F. & A. M., of 
Vancouver, and also belongs to the Loyal Order of Orange. He gives evidence 
of his interest in the material expansion of the city by his membership in the 
Commercial Club. A man of vigorous physique and one who realizes the im- 
portance of a healthy body as a habitat for a healthy mind, he is a lover of the 
out-of-doors and finds recreation from his arduous duties in outdoor sports, 
such as hunting and fishing. His value as a public officer and as the head of 
one of the most important departments of the city government, engaged in the 
prevention of destruction to property and disaster to human life, is readily 
recognized and his fitness for his position is of value as a public asset. 



ROBERT WETMORE HANNINGTON. 

One of the most able barristers in Vancouver and one of the most public-spir- 
ited and progressive men in the city is Robert Wetmore Hannington, practicing at 
the bar of British Columbia as a member of the firm of Harris, Bull, Hannington & 
Mason. He was born in Dorchester, New Brunswick, May 22, 1868, and is a son 
of Hon. Daniel L. and Emily M. (Wetmore) Hannington, the former late premier 
of New Brunswick and senior judge of the supreme court of that province. 

Robert W. Hannington acquired his early education in the grammar schools 
of Dorchester and afterward entered the University of New Brunswick, from 
which he was graduated in 1888 with the degree of B. A. Having determined upon 
a legal career, after three years study in the office of his father, he became a 
student at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, attending in 1891 and 
1892, and in the latter year was called to the New Brunswick bar. Shortly after 
he practiced at St. John for five years and in 1897 moved to Nelson, British Colum- 
bia, where until 1908 he engaged in general practice, first with S. Taylor as a 
member of the firm of Taylor & Hannington and later with Judge Galliher under 
the firm name of Galliher & Hannington. In 1908 Mr. Hannington moved to Van- 
couver and the firm of Russell, Russell & Hannington was formed in the city, the 
association continuing until 1911, when Mr. Hannington returned to Nelson. 
However, he remained only three months and then returning to Vancouver, aided 
in the organization of the present firm of Harris, Bull, Hannington & Mason. 
This is one of the strongest law firms in the city, all of its members being able, 
brilliant and resourceful men, and it is connected through an extensive and repre- 
sentative patronage with a great deal of notable litigation. In Vancouver Mr. 
Hannington is known as a strong and able practitioner, well versed in the under- 
lying principles of law and possessing the incisive and analytical qualities of mind 
necessary to make his knowledge practical and effective. He has won a number 
of notable legal victories and has been carried forward into important relations 
with the public life of the city, his signal ability gaining him recognition in official 
circles. In 1912 he was appointed commissioner for the government to investigate 
the conditions existing in the Vancouver General Hospital and in the same year 
was appointed counsel to revise the Vancouver city by-laws. In both of these im- 
portant capacities he accomplished the work in hand with thoroughness and dis- 
patch, adding something to the respect and esteem in which his name is held in 
ancouver. 
On the 1 6th of August, 1911, in St. John, New Brunswick, Mr. Hannington 
as united in marriage to Miss Louisa M. Skinner, a daughter of Robert C. and 
Elizabeth C. Skinner, the former for several years judge of the probate court of 
St. John. Mr. Hannington is a member of the Anglican church and fraternally 

Vol. Ill 11 



312 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

is connected with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He belongs to the 
Vancouver Club and to the Press Club in Vancouver and is well known in the 
affairs of the Nelson Club of Nelson. His political allegiance is given to the con- 
servative party and while he is not an active politician he is essentially public- 
spirited, interested in the welfare of the city and always eager to do his utmost 
to promote civic growth. In a profession where advancement depends entirely 
upon superior merit and ability he has made steady and rapid progress and his 
record is a credit to the bar of British Columbia which numbers among its repre- 
sentatives so many able and brilliant men. 



BEACH ADONIJAH LASELLE. 

In the history of Beach Adonijah Laselle we have the record of one who 
has utilized the thrift and enterprise which have ever characterized New Eng- 
land's sons in the development of the splendid natural resources of the Pacific 
northwest. Opportunities which others have heedlessly passed by he has utilized, 
and his practical experience and native intelligence have been of incalculable 
benefit to this section of the country. A native of Vermont, Mr. Laselle was 
born at St. Albans Point, Franklin county, July n, 1870, and his parents, Arthur 
and Ellen M. (Hathaway) Laselle, were also natives of that state. The father 
is now a retired farmer of Franklin county, where he has spent his entire life. 
His wife died in early womanhood during the infancy of their son Beach. 

In the public and high schools of St. Albans, Beach A. Laselle pursued his edu- 
cation until graduated with the class of 1887. He afterward spent a year as a 
clerk in the postoffice of his native city and at the end of that time, or in August 
1888, went to Anacortes, Washington, where he secured a clerkship in a general 
store, remaining there until the late fall of 1889. During his residence in Ana- 
cortes he had dealt to a limited extent in real estate in the growing and promising 
towns of Seahome, Fairhaven and Whatcom, all of which now form a part of 
the city of Bellingham, Washington. In the fall of 1889 Anacortes entered upon 
a boom and Mr. Laselle opened a real-estate office in what had hitherto been a 
trading post and steamboat landing. His was the first real-estate office there and 
he conducted his business in a tent, having as a partner E. K. Hiatt. From the 
beginning he was very successful throughout the period of the boom, negotiating 
many important realty transfers. In May, 1890, he went to the mines at Galena, 
Washington, in Silver creek, where he did lode mining, taking up several claims 
in that region. Locating there, he also took some contracts for assessment work 
on nearby claims and a little later, in partnership with William H. Roberts, he 
opened a general store at Galena in the spring of 1894. Owing to the slump in 
silver ore, the camp at Galena died out and Mr. Laselle disposed of everything 
that was salable and left a considerable amount of goods on the shelves of his 
store, as it would cost more to move the stock than it was worth. He left there 
with Edward Stevens and went to Wenatchee, Washington, where they pur- 
chased some pack horses, fitted up an outfit and started upon a prospecting and 
mining trip in the Similkameen district, going through the mountains at the head 
of the Pasaytan river, a branch of the Similkumeen, to the town of Princeton. 
That was in the year of the big floods of the rivers of British Columbia, and Mr. 
Laselle had great difficulty in crossing the creeks and rivers which he encountered 
on his journey. The town of Silver was washed away before their very eyes. 
They had planned to cross to the town the night before but failing to secure a 
canoe had camped over night. In that time the rising river had so swollen that 
at daylight the houses began to fall one by one, and were carried away and the 
whole town was destroyed. While on the trip their food supply became ex- 
hausted and they were two and a half days without food of any kind until Mr. 
Laselle shot a fawn, which supplied them with fresh meat to complete the trip 
to Princeton. They stopped at Princeton and there, by chance, met a pioneer 




BEACH A. LASELLE 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 315 

who told them such glowing tales of the Cariboo that they decided to make their 
way to that district. They immediately secured new supplies and set forth on a 
journey that meant the lengthening of their trail three hundred and fifty miles. 
They left Princeton with two pack horses, both heavily laden, so that they had 
to walk. In July they reached Harper's Camp on the Horse Fly river,' spent a 
few days there and proceeded to Quesnelle Forks, and thence on to Caribou lake. 
At Keithley creek they found George Veith, a pioneer who was conducting a 
trading post, where they secured fresh supplies. They then crossed the lake 
and spent two months in prospecting the creek's tributary to Caribou lake. Mr. 
Laselle then went to Barkerville, while Mr. Stevens remained at Keithley creek. 
After a week the former returned and advised Mr. Stevens to go to Barkerville 
to spend the winter, which he did. Mr. Laselle then planned his return trip to 
Washington, where he had business interests that required his attention. In his 
absence from Keithley creek their two horses had wandered away from camp and 
had not yet been found on his return. He started out on his return trip and 
after walking about sixty miles found both horses. He sold one of them and 
proceeded to ride the other. For seven hundred miles he traveled on horseback, 
having only one blanket, which he used during the day as a saddle blanket and at 
night as a sleeping blanket. He had a frying pan tied to his saddle and he pur- 
chased horse feed from the Indians and settlers whom he met en route. His 
course was through the valleys of the Similkumeen and Columbia rivers to the 
town of Wenatchee, from which point he continued by train to Seattle. When he 
crossed the Columbia river at Central Ferry he learned that on the following day 
there was to be a sale of wild Oregon horses, fine animals of about eleven hundred 
pounds each. He camped there over night and attended the sale, purchasing four 
head of horses, none of which had ever had as much as a rope on them. The 
highest price that he paid for any of them was four dollars and fifty cents. He 
left these horses on a ranch near Central Ferry until the following spring. In 
December, 1894, he arrived in Seattle, spent the winter there and closed out all 
his interests in Washington with the object of making British Columbia his per- 
manent home. In April, 1895, he returned to Central Ferry, where he spent a 
few days breaking his new horses. He then proceeded to Barkerville, where he 
met his partner of the previous year, and they struck out from there on a prospect- 
ing and mining trip that lasted five years. They worked in all directions and on 
several occasions went far north. In 1899 Mr. Laselle discovered the China creek 
gold mines and in 1901 located the Nugget Gulch gold mine. He immediately 
gave his undivided time to the development of those properties and now has them 
equipped with the most modern machinery for hydraulic mining, working a force 
of men at each mine during the season. Both of these properties are within a 
few miles of Barkerville and both have produced some beautiful specimens of ore, 
Mr. Laselle having in his possession the largest nugget ever taken from China 
creek mine. It contains pure gold to the value of two hundred and fifty dollars 
and a very little quartz. 

Mr. Laselle is an entertaining conversationalist and tells many thrilling and in- 
teresting tales of his life in Cariboo, all of which would be thoroughly enjoyed 
could we give space to them in these pages. In 1909 he placed a man in charge 
of the mines and came to Vancouver to make this city his home. In that year he 
organized the Northern Development Company, Ltd., of which he is president 
and manager. In January, 1910, he bought a large acreage and placed on the 
market the town site of South Fort George, which had already become the business 
center of the Fort George district. Mr. Laselle was the first man to offer the 
public the opportunity to invest in this prosperous new town, which is situated in 
the heart of what will soon be one of British Columbia's richest commercial and 
agricultural regions. He is called the father of South Fort George, and the 
development, growth and prosperity of the district can be largely attributed to 
his enterprising efforts. The Northern Development Company also acts as agent 
for Fraser and Nechaco valley farm lands, and they are Pacific coast agents for 
the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway town site Fraser Lake, British Columbia 
Each forward step that Mr. Laselle has made has brought him of a broader outlook 



316 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

and wider opportunities, and his efforts have at all times been a character that 
have contributed to general growth and development. He was one of the organ- 
izers of the Pacific Lime Company, Ltd., which was formed in 1910 and of which 
he is now the secretary and treasurer. Their plant, which is the largest in the 
province, is located at Blubber Bay, on the north end of Texada island. The pro- 
duction is approximately eight thousand barrels per month and they supply three 
fourths of all the lime used in British Columbia. Mr. Laselle is also president 
of the Compressed Fuel Company, the owners, patentees and manufacturers of 
a machine that utilizes the waste from saw and cane mills, taking the refuse which 
has heretofore been a source of trouble and expense to dispose of and putting it 
into the form of commercial fuel that is superior to coal in cost, heat per ton, and 
cleanliness. Thus along many lines have the enterprising efforts of Mr. Laselle 
constituted an important force in business activity and progress, and his ability 
and energy have constituted the foundation upon which he has reached the high 
plane of affluence that he now occupies. 

In New York city, on the i8th of April, 1907, Mr. Laselle was married to 
Miss Theodora Evelyn Mason, of Greenwich, Connecticut, a granddaughter of the 
celebrated surgeon, Dr. Mason, of Brooklyn, New York, and a descendant 
of a very old and prominent family of Greenwich. They have one son, Beach 
Adonijah, Jr., three years of age. Mr. Laselle is a conservative, and 
while in the Cariboo took a very active part in politics. He holds membership 
with the Camp Fire Club of America, a game and hunt club which was organized 
in New York city some years ago. He was present at its first meeting and is a 
charter member in this club, which has a limited membership of two hundred and 
is comprised of many of America's celebrities. He is the only member from Brit- 
ish Columbia. Mr. Laselle's life has been one filled with romance and adventure. 
Born in New England, during his early youth he went alone to the Pacific coast, 
has spent winters in the far north of British Columbia, going for days at a time 
without food, depending entirely upon the trap and gun. He has been exposed 
to the ravages of malaria and fevers of South America and he has met all of the 
hardships and experiences of life on the frontier and in the mining camps. He is 
a member of the American Institute of Mining Engineers and is an acknowledged 
authority in British Columbia on mining in all its branches. His services have 
been employed on many occasions to examine and report upon mining properties 
in various parts of British Columbia, California, Nevada, Georgia and Alabama, 
and in the winter of 1905-06 he spent five months in investigations in South Amer- 
ica on the headwaters of the Amazon river. Of notably broad mind and sound 
judgment, of indefatigable energy and enterprise, his achievements are those of a 
man who has wisely used his time, talents and opportunities. From each experi- 
ence of life he has gained valuable lessons, and there is no one who could speak 
more entertainingly and interestingly concerning that period in which exploration 
and research were bringing to light the natural resources of the country. 



CHARLES JOHN SOUTH. 

Charles John South, deputy police magistrate, was born at Melbourne, Aus- 
tralia, August 2, 1850, his parents being George Bennett and Sara (Percy) South. 
His education was acquired in the state schools of Victoria, Australia, and he 
followed the vocation of an accountant until he entered into active public service. 
The year 1896 witnessed his arrival in British Columbia, and from 1902 until 
1912 he was superintendent under the Children's Protective Act of British Colum- 
bia. In 1901 he became superintendent of the Children's Home and as such proved 
most capable, displaying sound practical judgment and broad humanitarianism in 
shaping the policy and promoting the interests of the institution and of those in its 
charge. For many years he was honorary representative of the Royal Humane 
Society of London, England, and other important service performed by him was 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 317 

that of library commissioner in Vancouver for a period of two years. He was 
again called to public office when made justice of the peace for British Columbia, 
and in November, 1910, was appointed deputy police magistrate for the city of 
Vancouver. 

Mr. South was united in marriage to Miss E. B. Unthank, a native of York- 
shire, England, and they have become the parents of four sons and two daughters, 
Percy, F. Leslie, Norman, A. Lyndon, May and Woodstock. The first three are 
married, while the younger three are at home. Mr. South belongs to the Masonic 
fraternity .and is always loyal to the beneficent teachings of the craft. He is an 
earnest and active member of the Methodist church and a teacher in the Sunday 
school. His life has been actuated by high and honorable principles, having their 
root in recognition of the duties and obligations of man to his fellow man and to 
his Maker. His kindly spirit, patience, geniality and ready understanding splen- 
didly qualified him for the work which he did as superintendent of the Children's 
Home and for his labors in other connections, and as police magistrate he often 
embraces his opportunity for tempering justice with mercy, thus calling out the 
manhood of the individual. 



ROBERT WILLIAM FORD. 

Robert William Ford, manager of the Vancouver Gas Company, to which posi- 
tion he was appointed in December, 1912, was born September 13, 1885, at 
Stockton-on-Tees, England, his parents being William and Elizabeth Ford, the 
former a professional consulting gas engineer. In the public schools of his native 
city the son pursued his early education and afterward attended Leeds University, 
pursuing a course in the gas engineering department for several years, and thus 
receiving comprehensive technical training and preparation for the line of labor 
to which he has devoted his life. After leaving the university he became connected 
with the Middlesborough (England) corporation in the line of his profession and 
remained in that connection for several years, at the same time working with his 
father as consulting gas engineer. Attracted by the growing opportunities of the 
new world, he came to Vancouver in 1910 to take the position of assistant manager 
of the Vancouver Gas Company, having been appointed to the position while in 
London, where are located the headquarters of the company. He came at once to 
this city, where he has since remained, and his ability won him promotion to the 
position of manager in December, 1912. He is now ably and faithfully and 
promptly discharging the important duties which devolve upon him in this con- 
nection, his promotion signifying the acceptability of his service to the company. 

Mr. Ford is a member of the Canadian and Rotary Clubs and his life principles 
have their root in his religious faith, which finds expression in his membership in 
St. John's Presbyterian church. He has become well known during his residence 
in Vancouver, gaining many friends here and winning the warm regard of those 
with whom he has been brought in contact. 



FREDERICK STEELE JONES. 

A worthy son of a worthy sire, Frederick Steele Jones occupies today an 
iportant position in the commercial life of Vancouver as head of the firm of 
C. H. Jones & Son, Limited, which was founded by his father. The firm is en- 
gaged in the manufacture and sale of awnings, tents and sails and its trade con- 
nections are such that it deserves to be numbered among the foremost establish- 
ments of its kind in the province. Frederick S. Jones was born in St. John, New 
Brunswick, March 16, 1879, a son of Charles Henry and Anna Steele (Calbraith) 
Jones. The father came to Vancouver in the fall of 1886, shortly after the his- 



II 



318 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

torical fire, and here established himself in the tent and awning business as well as 
that of sailmaker, also handling a general line of canvas goods. He became well 
and favorably known in the commercial world of Vancouver, which city he made 
his home and business field until his death, July 8, 1912. 

Frederick S. Jones .received his education in the public schools of Vancouver 
and after laying aside his text-books entered his father's business, becoming thor- 
oughly acquainted with its methods and details. In 1901 he was taken into part- 
nership, the name of the firm becoming C. H. Jones & Son. This style is still used 
by the son, although the father is now deceased, the firm now being incorporated 
with the word "Limited" added thereto. The office and factory of the firm 
is located at No. 1 10 Alexander street, Vancouver, and there they not only handle 
their own goods but also imported cotton ducks and drillings, Egyptian sail cloths, 
waterproof silks, oiled clothing, parafine duck clothing, waterproof canvas and 
camp furniture. Their goods are distributed through the wholesale trade as well 
as in the retail. Mr. Jones is principally engaged in the extension of his important 
business connection but also has real-estate interests. 

At New Westminster, on October 15, 1901, Frederick S. Jones married Norma 
Christina, a daughter of William and Augusta Sword, and they have become the 
parents of one child, Ira Steele Jones. During the time of the Fenian raid Mr. 
Sword gave an example of his patriotism as a member of the volunteers and 
recently in commemoration of his services received a medal from the Dominion 
government and also a grant of one hundred dollars, which was given to each of 
the volunteers. The religious faith of Mr. Jones is that of the Methodist denomi- 
nation and politically he is a conservative, giving stanch support to his party's 
candidates. One of the progressive business men of Vancouver, Mr. Jones has 
not only attained to individual prosperity but has been a factor in promoting com- 
mercial expansion and is interested in all measures intended to advance the gen- 
eral welfare. 



HARRY ALLEN BELYEA. 

Harry Allen Belyea, of the firm of H. A. Belyea & Company of New West- 
minster, is successfully engaged in business as a dealer in coal and wood and 
has also built up an extensive patronage in all kinds of teaming and transfer 
work. His birth occurred in Ashland, Carleton county, New Brunswick, on the 
8th of September, 1868, his parents being Henry Albert and Millicent (Nevers) 
Belyea, who spent their entire lives in the province of New Brunswick. In early 
manhood the father was for several years engaged as a stage driver from Wood- 
stock to River du Loup, but subsequently turned his attention to agricultural 
pursuits, following farming until called to his final rest in 1908, when eighty-two 
years of age. His wife passed away at the age of sixty-eight years. 

Harry Allen Belyea attended the country schools of his native county in the 
acquirement of an education. In 1886, only a few days prior to his eighteenth 
birthday, he left the parental roof and made his way to Emporium, Pennsyl- 
vania, spending about a year in the lumber woods. Subsequently he went to 
Menominee, Michigan, where he drove a team in the lumber woods and also 
engaged in river driving. At the end of eleven months, however, he went west 
to Tacoma, Washington, and there took a contract to cut shingle bolts in 
association with George T. Reid, being thus engaged with excellent success for 
about eighteen months. In the spring of 1890 he came to British Columbia and 
secured employment as a driver for W. E. Dickinson, a truck and dray man, in 
whose service he remained for about three years. On the expiration of that 
period he accepted a position with Gilley Brothers, for which firm he drove 
for about six years and was then appointed foreman of their extensive team- 
ing operations. After about three years spent in that capacity, he resigned the 
position and founded the firm of H. A. Belyea & Company, his partners in the 




HARRY A. BELYEA 



321 

enterprise being Thomas Stoddart and Rupert Fulton, who are still associated 
in business with him. The newly organized concern bought out the teaming 
business of Crane Brothers and began operations on their own account. They 
embarked in the coal business in addition to teaming and are now among the 
leading coal dealers in New Westminster. The success of the enterprise is 
attributable in no small measure to the excellent management of Mr. Belyea, 
who is a man of sound judgment and keen discernment in business affairs. He 
deserves great credit for what he has accomplished, having worked his way 
steadily upward from a humble position in the business world to one of pros- 
perity and prominence. 

On the 26th of July, 1892, Mr. Belyea was united in marriage to Miss Eliza- 
beth Stickney, of New Westminster, a daughter of William Stickney, who came 
to British Columbia from New Brunswick late in the '8os. Our subject and his 
wife have one son, Frank Percival, of Daysland, Alberta. Mr. Belyea belongs 
to the Westminster Board of Trade and fraternally is identified with Royal City 
Lodge, No. 3, I. O. O. F., and Granite Lodge, No. 6, K. P. He attends and 
contributes to the support of the Baptist church, of which his wife is a devoted 
member. They are widely and favorably known throughout New Westminster, 
having won the unqualified confidence and regard of all with whom they have 
come in contact during the long period of their residence here. 



ROBERT J. SPROTT. 

Undoubtedly the central figure in educational circles of British Columbia along 
commercial lines is Robert J. Sprott, president of the Vancouver Business Insti- 
tute and one of the most able and progressive educators in the province. His in- 
fluence, indeed, extends beyond provincial boundaries, for under his able manage- 
ment the school of which he is at the head has become the second largest of its 
kind in the Dominion a worthy memorial to the constructive intelligence, the 
broad and scholarly attainments and the administrative ability of the man who 
founded it and who controls its destinies. Mr. Sprott has devoted practically all 
of his active career to educational work and, constantly following high ideals and 
adhering to practical modern standards, his influence has been felt as a force for 
progress in intellectual circles of the communities where he has made his home. 
He was born in Grey county, Ontario, on the ist of March, 1873, and is a son 
of Henry and Jane (Morrison) Sprott, the former a native of Quebec and the 
latter of Ontario. On both sides Mr. Sprott is a descendant of old families, the 
members of whjch have been prominent in military affairs, the paternal ancestors 
having been officers in the English army as far back as the time of William of 
Orange, and the maternal grandfather, Robert Morrison, having served as a soldier 
in the Fenian raid in Ontario. The parents of our subject resided in Grey county, 
that province, until the spring of 1909, when they moved to Vancouver, where the 
father is now living in retirement, giving supervision, however, to his large farm- 
ing interests in Ontario. 

Robert J. Sprott acquired his early education in the public schools of his native 
community and was afterward graduated from Toronto University, taking honors 
in modern languages, English and history. After spending one year on the con- 
tinent of Europe perfecting himself in his chosen branches he entered Ontario 
Normal College and there spent one year, turning his attention at the end of that 
time to teaching in the Oshawa and Mitchell Collegiate Institutes, gaining marked 
distinction in this field. His ability brought to him the appointment to a lecture- 
ship in St. John's Collegej University of Manitoba, and after spending some time in 
this line of work he was appointed senior fellow in the department of romance lan- 
guages in the University of Chicago. When he resigned this in 1905 he came to 
Vancouver and in the same year established the Vancouver Business Institute, of 
which he has since been president, the credit for its phenomenal growth and sub- 



322 

stantial success being due entirely to his genius for organization and his knowledge 
of everything connected with commercial school work. Realizing the need of 
thoroughness in an institution of this kind, Mr. Sprott employs none but the best 
teachers and his school courses are taught in the best manner known to modern 
pedagogy. These are at all times practical, departments having been established 
in which pupils can be fitted for almost any place in the modern business world. 
The attendance has increased steadily since the foundation of the institute, being 
now three hundred and seventy-five, this number including the pupils in the even- 
ing classes. The school's continued growth has brought to it the distinction of 
being the second largest institution of its kind in Canada but with size is coupled 
that more necessary qualification thoroughness in all branches it being also one 
of the best and most intelligently managed educational institutions in the Do- 
minion. Courses are offered in stenography, typewriting and bookkeeping and 
besides these ordinary branches there are special courses in mathematics, embrac- 
ing the higher departments and preparing the pupils for positions as chartered 
accountants, and courses in salesmanship and advertising. There is also a course 
in civil service and, contrary to the rule of most schools of this type, both the Pit- 
man and Gregg systems of shorthand are taught. Mr. Sprott has become a 
specialist along lines of business education and his ability, becoming generally 
known and recognized, has carried him forward into important educational rela- 
tions. He is now president of the New Westminster Modern Business School and 
of the Nanaimo Business School, having founded the former in 1910 and the 
latter in 1912. The New Westminster institution is the only one of its kind in the 
city and the Nanaimo school, although still in its infancy, is progressing well and 
promises to be of the same high standards as the others which have prospered so 
greatly under the careful guidance and able management of their founder. In 
purely business lines Mr. Sprott is chairman of the board of directors for British 
Columbia of the Western Empire Life Insurance Company. 

In Vancouver, on the 2Oth of October, 1910, Mr. Sprott was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Beatrice Van Sickle, a daughter of Rev. M. Van Sickle, of this city. 
Mr. Sprott gives his allegiance to the conservative party but is not active in politics, 
preferring to devote all his attention to his educational interests. A man of broad 
views, of scholarly attainments and progressive in spirit, he has risen to promi- 
nence in the special field to which he has devoted his energies and talents and his 
powers have steadily developed during the years, influencing and raising general 
educational standards throughout the province. To Vancouver he has given an 
institution which is practically perfect of its kind and the influence of which upon 
the future business life of the city is almost impossible to estimate. 



MALCOLM ALEXANDER MAcLEAN. 

Few men were more familiar with the history of western Canada from Win- 
nipeg to the coast than was Malcolm Alexander MacLean, and his value as a 
citizen of Vancouver was widely acknowledged. He arrived in Vancouver when 
the district was almost an uninhabited wilderness, the site of the city being largely 
covered by magnificent pine forests. From the time of his arrival he showed a 
public-spirited interest in municipal affairs, and as time went on, his efforts for 
the upbuilding and improvement of the city were 'far-reaching and beneficial. 

Mr. MacLean was a native of Tiree and was therefore a highlander, the 
son of Allan and Jane MacLean, who brought their family to Canada in 1850 
and settled in the province of Ontario. Although only a child when he came 
to Canada, Mr. MacLean had learned the language of the Celt, and throughout 
his life he practiced the tongue so dear to the people of the north, and never for- 
got it, conversing with brother Celts fluently. He began his education in the 
public schools of Ontario, attended grammar school at Manilla, and subsequently 
took up teaching as a profession; but only for a time, as he was desirous of 




MALCOLM A. MACLEAN 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 325 

studying medicine and purposed becoming a doctor. When serious financial 
reverses overtook his elder brother, who was> engaged in the lumbering business, 
Mr. MacLean turned over all his savings to help his brother in meeting his obli- 
gations, and his plans for entering upon the study of medicine were thereby 
abandoned. This act was characteristic of the man throughout his life. He 
was not only generous in spirit, but capable, and in the hour of need proved 
"a friend indeed" to many. After making his gift to his brother he decided to 
prepare himself for a business career, and entered Eastman's Business College 
at Poughkeepsie, New York. After finishing his course there he entered the 
New York office of the Cunard Steamship Company, where he remained for 
several years. Later he returned to Canada and engaged in business in Oshawa 
and Dundas and again in Toronto, where he received the government appoint- 
ment of official assignee. When the exodus to the west began Mr. MacLean 
joined a party of business men and set out for Winnipeg, then a comparatively 
small city. Here he became one of the leading wholesale merchants and acquired 
a large fortune. He extended his operations to the real-estate field in company 
with his brother-in-law, the late A. W. Ross, for many years member of the 
Dominion house for Lisgar. Like hundreds of others Mr. MacLean suffered 
severely in the collapse of the boom in the early '8os, and leaving Winnipeg, he 
settled on a farm at Qu'Appelle. This he developed into a magnificent stock 
farm, which became a center of hospitality in that part of the northwest. Many 
newcomers from the old country sought the advice and assistance of Mr. Mac- 
Lean in those days because of his thorough knowledge of the country, good 
judgment and willingness to assist others, and among the guests who visited 
Laggan Stock Farm were counted many distinguished names. The Saskatchewan 
rebellion broke out at this time, and although Mr. MacLean's farm was sur- 
rounded by bands of Indians, his fair treatment of the redskins and uniform 
kindness saved him from molestation. 

Looking for more encouraging conditions still further west, Mr. MacLean 
left his wife and children in eastern Canada and made his way to the Pacific 
coast, reaching Vancouver by way of San Francisco about the end of Decem- 
ber, 1885. He opened a real-estate office, again in company with his brother- 
in-law, the late A. W. Ross, and became very active in public affairs. He was 
one of those who were instrumental in bringing about the incorporation of Van- 
couver as a city in the year 1886, and was elected its first mayor. A short time 
after the city's incorporation occurred the great fire which swept away the entire 
settlement. Then it was that Mr. MacLean did heroic work for the stricken 
and homeless. His wide acquaintance with eastern business men enabled him 
to do much personally toward bringing speedy relief and liberal assistance to 
\ ancouver. His management of a trying situation was admirable. In 1887 he 
was reelected by a large majority. During the two years in which he filled the 
mayor's chair he gave his services freely, and declined to accept any salary 
throughout that time. He lost heavily in the fire, but his courageous spirit did 
not desert him and his character developed and his worth became more and more 
appreciated. In 1888 he became police magistrate, a position which he held for 

al years. While on the bench he tried some sixteen hundred cases and but 
few of them were appealed. In the first two years of the city's life he agitated 
the setting aside of tracts of land for park purposes in various parts of the city, 
arguing that the time would come when Vancouver would require breathing 

s, and that the cos^ of such land would be heavy in days to come. The 
councils of those early days did not agree with this view and Mr. MacLean 
found it impossible to carry out one of his cherished schemes. He was able 
lo a great deal, however, towards securing Stanley park for the people 
<-f Vancouver, with the assistance of Mr. A. W. Ross, then a member of parlia- 
ment for the Dominion house, and other public-spirited men. Mr. MacLean was 
deeply interested in immigration and foresaw 'the part that immigration was to 

in the building up of the west. In this connection he undertook important 
work for the government and was the means of inducing large colonies of Cana- 



326 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

dians, who had gone to the United States of America some years before, to 
return to the northwest wheat fields and to the promising districts of British 
Columbia. He contributed a number of articles to the Scottish American and 
various old country journals bearing on the brilliant future of Canada, more par- 
ticularly the west. 

In all that he undertook Mr. MacLean was ably assisted by his wife, who 
was Miss Margaret Cattanach, a member of one of the best known families of 
Ontario, also of highland blood. During her long residence in Vancouver Mrs. 
MacLean has associated herself preeminently with good works and given a help- 
ing hand to many. Five children were born of the marriage, three daughters 
and two sons: Ethelwynne Kate; Alexandra Isabel Ross; and Constance Mary, 
who became the wife of LeRoy Eraser Grant, civil engineer and a graduate of 
Kingston Military College; Duart Cluny Cattanach; and Malcolm Mackenzie 
Gordon. 

In the spring of 1895 Mr. MacLean received the appointment of stipendiary 
magistrate for the county of Vancouver, but he never sat on the bench, for death 
came to him, after a few weeks of illness, on the 4th of April in that year. In 
his passing Vancouver lost one of her most valued and honored residents. He 
was the organizer of the Pioneer Society and its first president. He founded 
likewise the St. Andrew's and Caledonian Society and the Highland Society and 
was the first president of both. He was a forceful and gifted speaker, many 
of his addresses being of a high order. He was a member of the Presbyterian 
church, and his entire life was actuated by high and honorable principles that 
made his example and his labors a force for good. None questioned the integ- 
rity of his motives, and all acknowledged the worth of his public service, ranking 
him with one of the west's most valued pioneers. 



THOMAS KIRKPATRICK. 

Prominent among the energetic, enterprising and successful business men of 
Vancouver is Thomas Kirkpatrick, shingle manufacturer, whose interests are 
extensive and of growing importance. He was born at Kirkshill, Parsboro, Cum- 
berland county, Nova Scotia, December 10, 1864, his parents being Alexander 
and Eliza (Mason) Kirkpatrick, the family being of Irish descent and both 
parents passed away in Nova Scotia. The father was among the early settlers 
of that section of Nova Scotia in which his son Thomas was born. The latter 
was reared upon his father's farm and his education was acquired in the public 
schools of his native province. In 1883, when nineteen years of age, he went 
to Boston, Massachusetts, where he was variously employed for two years, and 
in April, 1886, he came to British Columbia, having been urged in a letter from 
a friend to try the extreme west, settling in Vancouver, which city had but been 
brought under municipal form of government and named in that year. He first 
earned his livelihood by driving stage between Vancouver and New Westminster. 
He has since been an interested witness of the growth of the city and its develop- 
ment and has borne an important part in the work of progress and improvement, 
especially through the development of his business interests, which have been 
a factor in bringing about its present commercial greatness. Soon after the 
fire of 1886, he entered the employ of George Slater in the shingle manufactur- 
ing business and remained with him for two years, after which he started in 
business on his own account at Port Moody, under the firm name of Kirkpat- 
rick & Hartsell, there renting a small mill, which he operated for two years. He 
gained a good start in business there and in 1890 he built a scow, the relic of 
which now lies in the yard of his present mill, a reminder of the early days, on 
which he erected a shingle mill that he operated for two years on False creek, 
near the foot of Burrard street. He next purchased a mill site at Cedar Cove, 
to which location he removed his mill. In 1900 he sold his old plant and bought 







THOMAS KIRKPATRICK 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 329 

the Archibald McNair mill at Hastings, which he still operates, and in 1902, 
his mill at Cedar Cove having been destroyed by fire, he purchased the Welsh 
mill at New Westminster and built an additional mill at Hastings, thus having 
two mills there. In 1904 the mill at New Westminster was destroyed by fire, 
entailing a large financial loss. However, he continues in the shingle manufac- 
turing business to the present time, operating his mills at Hastings, and his out- 
put is large, his products selling throughout Ontario and the northwest. In 
fact, he is at the head of one of the important productive industries of his sec- 
tion, having a well equipped plant, while the finished product which he turns out, 
because of its excellence and durability, finds a ready sale on the market. More- 
over, in his dealings he is a man of unimpeachable integrity, fair and square in 
all business transactions, his course proving an exemplification of the old adage 
that honesty is the best policy. As he has prospered in his undertakings he has 
invested in realty in Vancouver and vicinity and his holdings are now extensive. 
On the i8th of September, 1890, Mr. Kirkpatrick was united in marriage to 
Miss Elizabeth Brander, a native of Halifax and of Scotch descent, her father 
being Robert Brander, of Halifax. Their children are: Earl Alexander, who 
graduated from McGill University on May 13, 1913; and Robert Huntley, for 
two years a student in the Vancouver branch of AIcGill University. The family 
are Presbyterians in religious faith. Mr. Kirkpatrick is a conservative in pol- 
itics and, like all loyal citizens, feels an interest in the political situation of the 
day. He served as alderman of Vancouver, having entered upon his first term 
in 1909 and still serves in that office laboring to promote the municipal welfare. 
His social nature finds expression in his membership in the Terminal City and 
Commercial Clubs. Men know him to be forceful and resourceful, capable and 
determined, and he belongs, moreover, to that class of men who owe their 
advancement and enviable position to their own efforts. 



ARCHIBALD L. TEETZEL. 

Since the fall of 1907 Archibald L. Teetzel has figured in business circles in 
Vancouver in connection with the hardware trade and is now conducting a whole- 
sale business along that line under the firm name of Macpherson & Teetzel 
although he is now sole proprietor. His business in this connection has assumed 
extensive proportions and yet does not entirely cover the range of his activities, 
for in other fields he is also laboring successfully. He was born in western 
Ontario in 1880, his parents being James E. and Julia (Leitch) Teetzel, who were 
also natives of that province. The father was a civil engineer and practiced his 
profession in Ontario until he retired from active business in 1906. He then came 
to Vancouver, where he and his wife still reside, Mr. Teetzel now enjoying the 
rest which should ever follow earnest, persistent and honorable effort. 

Archibald L. Teetzel is indebted to the grade and high schools of Ontario 
for the educational opportunities afforded him, and when his education was com- 
pleted he secured a position as clerk in a general store in Ontario, where he re- 
mained for eight years. No higher testimonial of his fidelity and capability could 
be given than the fact that he was retained in one employ for so long a period. 
In April, 1901, he arrived in Vancouver and immediately afterward accepted the 
position of traveling salesman with the firm of Ramsey Brothers, wholesale 
grocers, who were represented throughout the provinces of British Columbia and 
Alberta, continuing in that work for six years. He resigned his position at the 
beginning of the year 1907 in order to engage in the wholesale and retail grocery 
business at Nelson, British Columbia, in which he was associated with R. M. 
Hood, formerly a traveling salesman for W. H. Malkin & Company of Vancouver, 
under the firm style of Hood & Teetzel. Eight months later he sold out to his 
partner and in the fall of 1907 became a resident of Vancouver, where he entered 
into business relations with D. Macpherson. They established a wholesale hard- 



330 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

ware business under the firm name of Macpherson & Teetzel and a year later Mr. 
Teetzel purchased his partner's interest, since which time he has been sole pro- 
prietor, although the business is still conducted under the original firm name. The 
business has steadily grown, and in addition to its extensive trade in shelf and 
heavy hardware represents, as manufacturing agents, the William Buck Stove 
Company, Ltd., of Brantford, Ontario. The firm handles all kinds of hardware 
and household utensils, selling only to the wholesale trade, .and as the years have 
passed on the business has constantly grown until it has now assumed large pro- 
portions. In January, 1912, Mr. Teetzel organized the Pacific Rubber Tire & 
Repair Company, Ltd., of Vancouver, of which he is the president and manager. 
The plant is located at No. 1259 Granville street, and they are agents for the 
Firestone tires. 

In January, 1906, at Revelstoke, British Columbia, Mr. Teetzel was united in 
marriage to Miss Grace Love, of Ontario, and they have four daughters: Grace 
Eileen, Audrey, Jean Julia and Flora. The parents are members of St. John's 
Presbyterian church and Mr. Teetzel is also a member of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows. He belongs to the Vancouver Auto Club, Vancouver Commer- 
cial Club and the Board of Trade, and is a cooperant factor in various measures 
and movements which are factors in the public welfare. In his business life he 
is determined a'nd energetic. His plans are well formulated and carefully exe- 
cuted and he carries forward to successful completion whatever he undertakes. 
Although, one of the younger merchants of the city, he has steadily advanced and 
has made for himself an enviable position in commercial circles of Vancouver. 



GEORGE CLIFFORD HINTON. 

George Clifford Hinton, of Vancouver, was connected with the construction 
of the first street railway and electric lighting system of the province, and is 
today actively and successfully engaged in business as head of the firm of George 
C. Hinton & Company, consulting electrical engineers and dealers in and manu- 
facturers of electrical and steam machinery. Other corporations have also 
profited by his cooperation, his sound judgment and his enterprising spirit, his 
business activities haying constituted an important element in general develop- 
ment in this section of the country. He was born in Ottawa, Ontario, July 27, 
1868, and is a son of Robert and Lila (Hyde) Hinton, the former extensively 
engaged in farming and in the timber business in Ontario. The father came 
to Canada in 1810 from Belfast, Ireland, settling in Carleton county, near 
Ottawa, Ontario. He engaged in farming, acquiring large tracts of land, por- 
tions of which were devoted to general agricultural pursuits, in addition to 
which he had extensive timber and lumber interests. 

George C. Hinton began his education at the usual age as a public-school 
pupil of Ottawa, and in the Collegiate Institute of that city continued his studies 
until 1882, when he made his initial step in the business world as an appren- 
tice in the boiler making and machine department of Fleck's Machine Works at 
Ottawa, completing the full term of his indenture three years. In 1886 he 
entered the employ of the Electric Company at Ottawa, with which he re- 
mained until 1889, when he came to British Columbia, assisting in the con- 
struction of the electric street railway and electric lighting system of Vic- 
toria, which was the first electric street railway to be built in the province. Mr. 
Hinton was actively engaged in that work until 1899, when he came to Van- 
couver and established an independent business on his own account. In this 
he has since continued, operating under the name of George C. Hinton & Com- 
pany. From a business established on a comparatively small scale, it has 
grown to large proportions. They are consulting electrical engineers, dealers in 
and manufacturers of electrical and steam machinery and general electrical con- 
tractors for power and lighting plants. In fact, their business covers the entire 




GEORGE C. HINTON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 333 

scope of activity along those lines and their patronage has steadily grown, for they 
have shown themselves to be masters of everything connected with electrical 
equipment and construction. Mr. Hinton, through practical experience and wide 
reading, has constantly broadened his knowledge, and his scientific attainments, as 
well as practical skill, place him with the leaders in this field. Mr. Hinton also 
has other extensive financial and commercial interests, being an officer or direc- 
tor in a number of corporations and companies, including the Burton Saw Works, 
Ltd. ; the Western Gypsum Company, Ltd., and the Campbell River Power Com- 
pany, of all of which he is a director. He also staked and acquired the water 
rights on Stave river and was on the first directorate superintending the early 
development. His judgment is never hastily formed and the soundness of his 
opinions is indicated in the excellent results which have attended his efforts and 
his management of important commercial and industrial interests. 

On the ist of November, 1894, at Olympia, Washington, Mr. Hinton was 
united in marriage to Miss Gertrude Elizabeth Carlyon, a daughter of William 
Carlyon, formerly of Cornwall, England, but who in 1895 went to Victoria, 
British Columbia, where he lived retired until his death in 1901. The children 
of this marriage are Gerald Lome, Gertrude Irene and Doris. Mr. Hinton is 
a member of Cascade Lodge No. 12, A. F. & A. M., and of the Anglican church, 
and in his life exemplifies the faith and principles of both. Socially he is con- 
nected with the Terminal City and Burnaby Country Clubs. Throughout his 
entire career his advancement has come as the result of well defined capabilities 
and powers intelligently directed the wise utilization of opportunities, and an 
understanding of conditions in the special field of business in which he has 
labored. Gradually he has climbed upward, and diligence, determination and 
reliability have constituted the rounds of the ladder on which he has mounted. 



CHARLES JAMES KAY. 

Charles James Kay is the vice president of the Columbia Paper Company of 
Vancouver and thus occupies a leading position in business circles. The secret of 
his success lies largely in the fact that he has always continued in the line of busi- 
ness in which he embarked as a young tradesman, thoroughly acquainting himself 
with every phase of the paper trade as the years have gone by. He has thus 
become well qualified for the active management and control of an important 
enterprise of this character. He was born in Dundee, Scotland, March 7, 1876, 
and is a son of James and Jane (Kenneth) Kay, both of whom were natives of 
Dundee. The father came to Canada in 1908 and now resides in Okanagan, 
where he is living retired. 

In the public schools of Dundee and Edinburgh, Charles James Kay pursued 
his education, passing through consecutive grades to the high school. He after- 
ward entered a large paper mill at Polton, Scotland, just outside of Edinburgh, 
and there learned the trade of paper making, serving a five years' apprenticeship, 
thus gaining thorough knowledge of the business. He afterward went to Guard- 
bridge, Scotland, where he acquainted himself with both the mechanical and com- 
mercial phases of the business, remaining there until 1903, when he came to 
Canada. He spent one year in Windsor Mills at Quebec "as cashier, clerk and 
assistant manager of the Canadian Paper Company, Ltd., and later went to Rum- 
ford Falls, Maine, where he acted as night foreman for the Oxford Paper Com- 
pany. He next removed to Antioch, California, where he became mill manager 
for the California Paper Mills, continuing in that position for three years. On the 
expiration of that period, in 1908, he came to Vancouver and was with the firm of 
Smith, Davidson & Wright, Ltd., until 1911, when he joined K. A. Smeed and 
\Y. W. Wolfenden in organizing the Columbia Paper Company, Ltd., of which 
he is vice president and manager. They are wholesale jobbers and importers of 
all kinds of writing paper, wrapping paper, novelty papers, paper boxes, and stock 




334 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

for use in the highest class of printing and engraving. Their business has reached 
extensive proportions, having been developed along lines which have resulted in 
a constant increase in their trade. The reputation of the house is an unassailable 
one and their success is the direct outcome of close application, capable manage- 
ment and enterprising methods. 

In 1907 Mr. Kay was married in Cambus, Scotland, to Miss Agnes Luttie, of 
that country, and they have an extensive circle of warm friends in Vancouver. 
While in Scotland Mr. Kay served for six years in the Volunteers, three years 
in the Royal Scots and three in the Black Watch. He is also active in cricket, 
football and golf circles. He votes with the conservative party but has never been 
an active politician, preferring to concentrate his energies upon his business affairs 
which have been of constantly growing importance. Both he and his wife are 
Presbyterians in faith, taking an active and helpful interest in the work of St. 
Andrew's Presbyterian church. 



KARL ALFRED SMEED. 

Karl Alfred Smeed is the president of the Columbia Paper Company, one oi 
the leading business concerns of Vancouver, and in this connection has built up a 
trade of large and gratifying proportions. To his present creditable position in 
commercial circles he has gradually worked his way upward and his prosperity 
is the merited reward of earnest and honorable effort. He was born in Toronto, 
Ontario, November i, 1876, a son of Thomas and Marion F. (Harper) Smeed, 
both of whom were natives of London, England. Their marriage was celebrated 
in the metropolis and in 1869 they came to Canada, settling in Toronto. After 
several years there spent they removed to Winnipeg, where the mother still makes 
her home, but the father is now deceased. 

Karl A. Smeed was a young man at the time of the removal to Manitoba, 
and in the public schools of Winnipeg and in Lingfield, England, he pursued his 
education. At length he returned to Winnipeg, where he entered a crockery store 
in the position of clerk, being there employed for one year. He next engaged with 
Parsons, Bell & Company, stationery dealers of that city, who later amalgamated 
their interests with O'Loughran Brothers, forming the Consolidated Stationery 
Company. In 1898 he left their office and went upon the road for the company 
as a traveling salesman, his territory being southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan. 
This brought him still broader knowledge of the business in its relations with the 
trade, and he continued in that position until 1906, when he entered the employ of 
W. J. Gage & Company, Ltd., manufacturing stationers and paper dealers of 
Toronto, whom he represented as a traveling salesman until the close of the year 
1910. In January, 1911, seeing an opportunity for engaging in business on his own 
account, he joined Charles J. Kay and W. W. Wolfenden in organizing the Colum- 
bia Paper Company, Ltd., of Vancouver, of which he is the president. This is 
now a well established enterprise, its ramifying trade relations constantly reaching 
out, while the volume of business transacted by the house is today most gratify- 
ing, showing that the firm has become well established in public regard through 
its enterprising methods. 

EDWARD CHRISTMAN KNIGHT. 

Edward Christman Knight, prominently connected with business interests 
of Vancouver as managing director of the Vancouver Lumber Company, Lim- 
ited, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on the ist of September, 1868, 
a son of William A. and Sarah (Pinckney) Knight, natives of that state, both 
of whom have passed away. Their son acquired his education in the German- 




EDWARD C. KNIGHT 



- BRITISH COLUMBIA 337 

town Academy and in the University of Pennsylvania, taking the course in 
mining and metallurgical engineering in the latter institution with the class of 
1889. After his graduation he became associated with the Illinois Steel Com- 
pany and he retained this connection for seven years thereafter, resigning it in 
order to go to Mexico in the employ of the Guggenheim Smelting Company, 
which later became the American Smelting & Refining Company. He acted for 
them as ore buyer and general agent and rose from that position to be manager 
of the Monterey and Blandena plants. He was also a member of the executive 
committee during the last two years of his stay in Mexico. In the fall of 1908 
Mr. Knight came to Vancouver and purchased an interest in the Vancouver 
Lumber Company, Limited, having since remained as managing director. This 
is one of the oldest concerns of its kind in the city, having been founded about 
the year 1886 and was first known as the Red Mill, owned by Leamy & Kyle. 
It has since been under various managements but its prosperity has continued 
without interruption and its place today is among the leading industrial institu- 
tions in this part of the province. In 1904 it was purchased by J. E. Tucker and 
A. L. Clark and the present name adopted, Mr. Tucker being president and 
A. L Clark, vice president. 

At Taylor, Texas, on the 22d of April, 1903, Mr. Knight was united in 
marriage to Miss lone Tucker, of that city, and they have two children, Mary 
and Edward Tucker. Mr. Knight has extensive club affiliations, belonging to 
the Vancouver Club and the Vancouver Royal Yacht Club, the Jericho Country 
Club and the Shaughnessy Heights and Vancouver Golf Clubs, these connec- 
tions indicating something of the nature and extent of his outside interests. 



ELMER E. CRANDALL. 

Elmer E. Crandall, manufacturers' agent at Vancouver, has throughout his 
business career displayed the qualities of close aplication and unremitting energy 
so necessary to success, and his advancement, therefore, has been the legitimate 
and logical outcome of his efforts. He was born in New Brunswick, January 9, 
1862, and is a son of Y. A. Crandall, who was also a native of that province and 
who spent all his time there in mercantile life. 

In his youthful days Elmer E. Crandall was a pupil in the grammar school of 
St. John, New Brunswick, and when a young man he entered the employ of the 
King Lumber Company, Ltd., of Chipman, New Brunswick. He later became 
manager of a certain department of the business and after thirteen years as an 
employe in that establishment was admitted to a partnership. This is a large and 
most reliable company, conducting an immense lumber business and also an ex- 
tensive general store in connection with the lumber trade. The president of the 
company is Senator King. 

In 1910 Mr. Crandall started westward, visiting a number of points en route 
to the Pacific coast, but eventually reaching Vancouver. It was his intention to 
remain for only a few months, hoping the change would benefit his health. He 
found the climate not only so beneficial but also so pleasing that he determined 
to remain and dispose of his business in the east. This he soon did and has since 
been closely associated with commercial interests in British Columbia. In July, 
1910, he established his present business as manufacturers' agent, in which connec- 
tion he represents Charles Fawcett, Limited, of Sackville, New Brunswick, manu- 
facturers of stoves, ranges and furnaces. He is also agent for The Lundy Shovel 
& Tool Company, of Peterboro, Ontario, and within the short space of three years 
his business has reached most gratifying proportions. He is represented on the 
road by two traveling salesmen, who cover the entire province of British Colum- 
bia, and he expects soon to open a branch house at Calgary, Alberta. He recently 
purchased for the Charles Fawcett, Limited, a large building, at No. 1052 Homer 
street, which they have occupied since the ist of May, 1913. 



338 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

In 1912 Mr. Crandall erected a handsome apartment house in the eleven hun- 
dred block on Eleventh avenue, which is a decided departure from the usual 
apartment building. It stands on a spacious lot, with broad lawns in front and 
rear, and contains four handsome apartments, commanding a beautiful view of 
the Sound. Every modern convenience is there found and ideas of utility and 
beauty are harmoniously blended with the result that the apartments are largely 
ideal from every point of view. In addition Mr. Crandall also owns a number 
of houses in the best residential section of Fairview, one of which he occupies. 
He has made judicious investments in real estate and is thus adding annually to 
his income aside from his business as manufacturers' agent. 

In Chipman, New Brunswick, on the 6th of June, 1883, Mr. Crandall was 
united in marriage to Miss Ida G. King, a daughter of Senator G. G. King. They 
are parents of eight children: Ida May, at home; Hazel Claudia, the wife of 
A. G. Carpenter, of Nelson, British Columbia; Nellie G., the wife of I. H. Will- 
son, of Nanaimo, British Columbia ; Ermengarde and Eugene, Greta, Horace K. 
and Esther H., all at home. Both Mr. and Mrs. Crandall are prominent and 
valued members of the First Baptist church of Vancouver. Mr. Crandall has 
been identified with the denomination for the past thirty years, and while in the 
east was for twenty years an officer in the church. His wife, active in various 
departments of the church work, is now president of the Woman's Mission Cir- 
cle ; she is also president of the West End Woman's Christian Temperance Union 
and is an interested and zealous worker in its several departments. 

Mr. and Mrs. Crandall belong to that class of citizens whose influence is 
always on the side of reform, progress and improvement, or right and justice. 
He has led a busy and useful life and since his removal to the west has so utilized 
his opportunities and directed his labors as to gain for himself a most creditable 
position in business circles in British Columbia. 



WILLIAM CHARLES MACBETH. 

William Charles Macbeth is a partner in the firm of Macbeth & Brown, con- 
ducting a real-estate brokerage business. They are also general insurance agents, 
conveyancers, collectors, etc., and their clientage is extensive. Mr. Macbeth is 
a native of Scotland, his birth having occurred at Buckie, Banffshire, May 13, 
1879. His parents were James and Jessie (Anderson) Macbeth. The former 
came to Canada from Buckie, Scotland, in 1891, and settled in New Westminster, 
British Columbia, where he followed the carpenter's trade until his death in 
1900. 

In the schools of Scotland William C. Macbeth began his education and fol- 
lowing the removal of the family to Canada he continued his studies at New 
Westminster. He was but a boy in years, however, when he entered business 
circles, since which time he has been dependent entirely upon his own resources, 
so that his success is the merited reward of labor and capable management. He 
became a clerk in a grocery store in New Westminster and afterward removed 
to Vancouver, where he entered the employ of Charles Anderson in the grocery 
business, continuing with that house for three years. He was next employed 
in the grocery store of John Geddis for a time and subsequently was in the em- 
ploy of William Walsh, a grocer, with whom he continued for four years. All 
this time he was actuated by the laudable desire of one day engaging in business 
on his own account and carefully saved his earnings until his industry and econ- 
omy had brought to him sufficient capital to enable him to start out for himself. 
It was in 1903 that he became a partner in the firm of McLeod, Macbeth & Com- 
pany in the ownership and conduct of a dry-goods store at the corner of Main 
and Hastings streets. He was a factor in that business until February, 1911, 
when he entered into the real-estate and general financial brokerage business in 
association with William Brown and William H. Brown under the firm name 



WILLIAM C. MAtT.KTI 




BRITISH COLUMBIA 341 

of Macbeth & Brown. This firm succeeded to the business of Mutrie & Brown, 
which was established in Vancouver in 1888. In addition to conducting a gen- 
eral real-estate brokerage business they are general insurance agents, convey- 
ancers and collectors. From the beginning the enterprise has proven a profitable 
one. Their business is carefully systematized and capably managed in each de- 
partment and they are not only familiar with the property upon the market and 
accurate in placing valuations thereon but are also representatives of a number 
of the most substantial insurance companies and are successful in conveyancing 
and collection work. 

On the ist of January, 1905, Mr. Macbeth was united in marriage to Miss 
Beatrice Hamilton, a daughter of George Hamilton, of Vancouver, and they 
have one child, Isabelle Beatrice. Mr. Macbeth holds membership in the Presby- 
terian church and also with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the 
Royal Arcanum. In politics he is independent, preferring to vote as his judg- 
ment dictates without regard to party ties. Moreover, he has taken no active part 
in politics, preferring to concentrate his energies upon his business affairs. 
Gradually he has worked his way upward and the loyalty which he displayed 
as an employe has been manifest in his devotion to the best interests of his 
clients. In all of his dealings he is strictly reliable and his prosperity has been 
based upon energy and enterprise. 



HON. JOSEPH MARTIN, K. C, M. P. 

No history of the legal profession in Vancouver or of legislative proceedings 
in British Columbia would be complete without reference to the Hon. Joseph 
Martin, long an able and distinguished member of the bar of that city and one 
who has left the impress of his individuality upon the history of his province in 
shaping and promoting as well as in administering its laws. He was born in 
Milton, Ontario, September 24, 1852, a son of Edward and Mary Ann (Fleming) 
Martin. His grandfather, Jasper Martin, was a native of the county of Cum- 
berland and with his wife and family sailed for the new world about 1818, cast 
ing in his lot with the first settlers of Milton, Ontario. Edward Martin was bon 
in Canada about .1820 and in early life turned his attention to the business of mer 
chandising. When his son Joseph was a young man the father removed to Mich- 
igan, where he engaged in farming. He was active in public affairs during hii 
residence in Milton and served for one or two terms as its mayor. His death 
occurred in 1885. 

His son, Joseph Martin, pursued his education in the public schools of Milton, 
Ontario, and in the Michigan State Normal School of Ypsilanti, Michigan, and 
the Provincial Normal School at Toronto. He was graduated from the last named 
in a class of one hundred and fifty members and has Certificate A. He passed the 
examinations for the second year in the arts course at the Toronto University. 
In early life he followed the profession of teaching in the public schools near 
Ottawa but regarded this merely as an initial step to other professional labor and 
turned to the study of law with the intention of making its pract'ice his life work. 
In 1882 he went to Manitoba and in that year was called to the bar. He opened an 
office and continued in practice at Portage la Prairie and at Winnipeg until 1897. 
He was not only accorded a liberal clientage but also became a leading and in- 
fluential factor in provincial circles. He sat for Portage la Prairie in the provin- 
cial legislature from 1883 until 1892 and was attorney general of Manitoba under 
the Greenway administration from 1888 until 1891. He unsuccessfully con- 
tested Selkirk for the house of commons in the general election of the latter year 
but sat for Winnipeg from 1893 until 1896. 

The following year Mr. Martin removed to Vancouver, where he opened a 
law office, continuing in active practice in that city until 1909. Again he became 
recognized leader in political circles and sat for Vancouver in the provincial 

Vol. Ill 12 



342 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

legislature from 1898 until 1903. He was likewise attorney general for British 
Columbia in 1898 and 1899 and was premier and attorney general of the province 
from March until June, 1900. In 1902-3 he was leader of the opposition. He 
unsuccessfully contested Vancouver for the house of commons as an independ- 
ent liberal ; but whether in office or out of it has exerted a marked influence on 
public thought and action because of his broad and liberal interpretation of the 
laws and his statesmanlike grasp of affairs. 

In 1909 Hon. Joseph Martin became a resident of England and in May of 
that year was defeated for southwest Warwickshire at a by-election. Since Janu- 
ary, 1910, he has sat for East St. Pancras in the house of commons. While 
attorney general of Manitoba he introduced and secured the passage of the famous 
school measure abolishing the separate schools set up in 1871 and establishing in 
lieu thereof the national common schools. He represented the provincial govern- 
ment before the privy council when the legality of the measure was being passed 
upon. In the house of commons he opposed a proposal to hand over the improve- 
ment of the Red river to a private company and also the remedial bill. He believes 
in the abolishment of the house of lords and in unrestricted reciprocity between 
Canada and the United States. Another factor in his influential work in behalf 
of provincial interests was the Vancouver Guardian, of which he was editor and 
owner in 1907. 

In September, 1881, Mr. Martin was united in marriage to Mrs. Elizabeth 
Jane Eaton, the widow of George W. Eaton, of Ottawa, and the second daughter 
of the late Edward Reilly, of Richmond, Ontario. On the I3th of February, 
1913, Mrs. Martin, after an illness of several months, passed away and was laid 
to rest in Ottawa. Mr. Martin is in sympathy with all those improvements and 
projects which work for the betterment of the individual and for the community. 
He belongs to the National Liberal Club of London and also to the Royal Auto- 
mobile Club of London, to the Vancouver Club and the Terminal City Club of 
Vancouver. He has been characterized by the Victoria World as "an able and 
lucid speaker," and by the Toronto Globe as "a natural born politician." Like all 
who are most prominent in political circles, he has had strong opposition but has 
ever adhered closely to the course which he has believed to be right, standing 
strongly in support of principles which he deems most essential in good govern- 
ment. He is widely known in eastern, central and western Canada and upon all 
vital questions keeps abreast with the thinking men of the age, being recognized 
as one who has done much to mold public thought and action and promote 
progressive political activity. 



HUGH MCDONALD. 

The lumber and timber industry of British Columbia finds in Hugh McDon- 
ald a man who has in an influential way been connected with that business for 
a number of years and is also identified with numerous other corporations which 
have greatly promoted the commercial growth of the province. He was born 
in Oban, Argyleshire, Scotland, on March 10, 1860, and is a son of Alexander 
and Ann (McCall) McDonald, the former a native of Callander, Scotland, and 
the latter of the island of Mull, that country. Alexander McDonald was prom- 
inent in industrial circles of his native land as proprietor of a woolen mill and 
also owned a valuable estate of five hundred acres there. In 1880 he sold his 
holdings and came to British Columbia, his son Hugh having preceded him there 
by about two years. On his arrival here the father located on a ranch of a 
thousand acres, which was then owned by our subject and is situated at Lake 
Nipissing, where the father passed away at the advanced age of eighty years. 

Hugh McDonald was reared under the parental roof and acquired his educa- 
tion at the Free Church Academy in Edinburgh, Scotland, completing his school- 
ing in 1875. He was then apprenticed to the carpenter's trade for a five years' 




HUGH MCDONALD 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 345 

apprenticeship, his compensation being five shillings per week and board. Be- 
coming, however, discontent with the slow prospect of success, he ran away 
after having remained for three years in that connection and came to Canada, 
locating in the Nipissing district, where he took up six hundred and forty acres 
of land in his own and his brother's name. His aggressive spirit and energy 
showed itself early, for he set out with the decision to improve his fortune, which 
is rare in one so young. Building a house, barn and other farm buildings, he 
purchased stock and gave his sole attention to his farming activities, laying there- 
by the corner stone to his present fortune. This ranch today is one of the most 
valuable in that part of the province, comprising about twelve hundred acres and 
is now owned by our subject's brother Alexander, Hugh McDonald having 
transferred the ranch to his father on the latter's arrival here. Discontinuing 
farm work, he then engaged in work for J. R. Booth, the now well known mil- 
lionaire lumber king of Ottawa and the largest timber land holder in Canada. 
Mr. McDonald remained with Mr. Booth for the period of eleven years, begin- 
ning at the bottom rung of the ladder, until he became superintendent of the 
Timiscamaugue branch of Mr. Booth's extensive lumber interests. At the end 
of that period Mr. McDonald came to British Columbia with the late John 
Wilson, taking charge of the logging and brush work of the Brunette Saw Mills 
and subsequently becoming a stockholder in the concern. His connection with 
that company comprises the years from 1890 until 1908, Mr. McDonald having 
been made president of the company in 1896 and continuing in that capacity 
from that time until he severed his connection with the firm in 1908. Selling his 
holdings, he then built the Barnett & McDonald mills on Lulu Island, which 
were unfortunately destroyed by fire before their completion in 1910. He then 
purchased the Independent Shingle Mills in New Westminster but has also dis- 
posed of this interest, selling out in 1912. Mr. McDonald still owns various 
valuable timber tracts throughout the province and is connected with other indus- 
trial and commercial enterprises, serving at present as president of the Pacific 
Chocolate Company, Ltd., of New Westminster; as trustee of the New West- 
minster Trust Company; as president of the British North America Securities 
Corporation, and as president of the People's Trust Building Company. 

In 1896 Mr. McDonald was married to Miss Sophia Victoria Bowes, a daugh- 
ter of John Bowes, of Lanark, Ontario, and a niece of Senator Peter McLaren. 
To this union were born five children, of whom three survive : Hugh Alexander, 
Roland Eden and Ivan Douglas. Mr. and Mrs. McDonald are devoted members 
of the Presbyterian church. Fraternally he is a member of Royal City Lodge, 
No. 3, I. O. O. F. ; an apprenticed member of King Solomon Lodge, No. 17, 
A. F. & A. M. ; and a member of Royal Lodge, No. 6, K. P. As the years have 
brought him prosperity he has become recognized as one of the potent forces in 
industrial expansion in New Westminster and is highly respected and esteemed 
for what he has done in promoting general advancement. The prosperity which 
has come to him is well merited, for it has been brought about by honorable 
methods only and has been made possible by characteristics which are worthy 
of the highest commendation. Mr. McDonald has not only witnessed the won- 
derful changes which have converted a practically uninhabited country into a 
prosperous populated district but has been a helpful and cooperant factor in 
bringing about the transformation. 



JAMES LOW. 

James Low has resided in Vancouver for but a comparatively brief period yet 
is well known through his connection with one of the oldest established business 
enterprises of the city, being treasurer of the British Columbia Permanent Loan 
Company. He was born at Uxbridge, Ontario, and in the acquirement of his edu- 
cation attended the public schools there and the high school at Markham, Ontario, 



346 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

from which he was graduated. Subsequently he took up the study of telegraphy 
and began operating when very young, as his father was station master at 
Uxbridge. The father suffered a prolonged illness when the son was fifteen 
years of age and never recovered, passing away before James Low reached the 
age of sixteen. As he was serving as substitute operator and station master dur- 
ing his father's absence he was given that position upon his father's death. How- 
ever, he soon resigned and entered the employ of the Grand Trunk Railway Com- 
pany, which he represented for ten years in the position of train dispatcher. On 
the expiration of that period he became secretary and manager of the Victoria 
Loan & Savings Company of Lindsay, Ontario, which position he held for sixteen 
years, making a most creditable record in that connection as his long continuance 
with the company plainly indicates. He resigned this position in the spring of 
1912 to become treasurer of the British Columbia Permanent Loan Company 
at Vancouver and has since performed the duties incumbent upon him in that posi- 
tion. While connected with the city for only a little more than a year he has 
already gained a wide acquaintance and his sterling worth has won for him favor- 
able recognition. 

Mr. Low has one son, Donald, who is now a student at McGill University. In 
politics Mr. Low is a conservative in principles, yet follows an independent policy 
voting according to the dictates of his judgment, unbiased by party ties. He held 
membership with the Masons and the Odd Fellows in Ontario and he belongs to 
St. John's Presbyterian church, in the work of which he is actively and helpfully 
interested, being now superintendent of the Sunday school. Starting out in life 
for himself at an early age, he has made continuous progress and the ability which 
he displays promises advancement for the future. 



STEPHEN NICHOLSON-JARRETT. 

Stephen Nicholson- Jarrett, who since January i, 1907, has been serving in a 
capable, forceful and far-sighted way as city building inspector of Vancouver, 
owes much of his success in the conduct of his responsible office to his many 
years of active connection with the contracting and building business, to the 
knowledge which he has of the building trade in all of its' various ramifications 
and to the excellent organizing and administrative ability which has dominated 
and directed all the activities of his business career. He was born in Bridlington, 
Yorkshire, England, on the 2/th of December, 1847, ar >d is a son of Benjamin 
and Hannah (Wilson) Nicholson-Jarrett, both natives of Yorkshire. The 
father came to Canada in 1850 and settled near Toronto, in York county, Ontario, 
where he engaged in farming until 1857, when he moved to Queen's Bush, now 
Wellington county, where he continued to reside until 1887. In that year he 
retired from active business life and moved to Calgary, Alberta, where he died 
in June, 1908, at the age of eighty-nine. He had survived his wife since 1903, 
her death occurring in Calgary when she was seventy-nine years of age. 

Stephen Nicholson-Jarrett acquired his education in the public schools of 
Ontario, and after laying aside his books was apprenticed to the carpenter's trade, 
serving his term in Wellington county, where he was later engaged in the con- 
tracting business on his own account for a period of fifteen years. In 1884 he 
went to Calgary, Alberta, then merely a tent town, but offering unlimited oppor- 
tunities to a far-sighted and discriminating business man. There Mr. Nicholson- 
Jarrett entered into partnership with Hon. W. H. Gushing, and they entered the 
contracting business, erecting in the fall of 1885 and the spring of 1886 the 
first sash and door factory west of Winnipeg, an enterprise which Mr. Gushing 
is still successfully conducting. The association was dissolved in 1888, and in 
January of the following year Mr. Nicholson-Jarrett came to Vancouver, where 
he has since remained an honored and deservedly respected citizen. He resumed 
his former occupation here, but in the following summer the contractors experi- 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 347 

enced their first labor troubles, and they proved to be so severe that he turned 
his attention to another line of work, accepting a position as superintendent of 
the sash and door factory belonging to George Cassady & Company. After seven 
years' connection with this concern he resigned his position, and in 1896 became 
superintendent of the factory operated by the Vane Sash & Door Company, con- 
tinuing to do able, constructive and reliable work until .the ist of January, 1907, 
when he accepted the position of city building inspector of Vancouver, an office 
which he still holds. Since he entered upon his duties practically all the new 
and modern residences, public buildings and business structures which make 
this city one of the finest and most attractive in this part of the Dominion, have 
been erected, the last building completed before he assumed control having been 
the Molson's Bank on Hastings street, now one of the older and smaller of the 
city's business blocks. Each year of his able service has witnessed a substantial 
increase in the number of building permits issued and in the total value of the 
buildings erected, as is evidenced by the fact that in 1907, when he took office, 
one thousand seven hundred and seventy-three permits were granted, the value 
of the buildings being five million six hundred and thirty-two thousand seven 
hundred and forty-four dollars, as against three thousand two hundred and 
twenty-one permits issued in 1912, for buildings aggregating in value nineteen 
million three hundred and eighty-eight thousand three hundred and twenty-two 
dollars. The city of Vancouver began to grow in a rapid and noticeable fashion in 
the year 1902 and that same year witnessed the remarkable increase in the 
number of buildings erected an increase which has steadily continued since that 
time, without any of those periods of depression or utter stagnation so common 
in other Canadian cities and in the cities of the United States. Probably no other 
community on the North American continent can boast such a splendid record and 
a great deal of credit for this gratifying state of affairs is due to the systematic, 
practical and discriminating labors of the present building inspector, who has 
introduced many needed reforms and changes in methods of operation in the 
building department, and who in the six years of his service has ably carried 
forward the work which he found so well begun. All during his active career he 
has been interested in building and in the promotion of building activity, and he 
is now in the sixteenth year of his service as president of the Pacific Building 
Society, of which he was one of the founders. This is a cooperative building 
association, founded on the fact that every man is better off from both a social 
and financial standpoint when he owns a home of his own, and it has been of 
material assistance to hundreds of people of Vancouver by making it possible 
for them to purchase land and erect a house at a small initial expense. Mr. 
Nicholson- Jarrett is also vice president of the Masonic Temple Company, owners 
of the Vancouver Masonic Temple, and he has held that office since the organ- 
ization of the company. 

Mr. Nicholson-Jarrett has been twice married. In Wellington county, Ontario, 
on the 9th of June, 1873, he wedded Miss Catherine Ghent, a native of that 
province of old United Empire Loyalist stock. She died in 1904, and on the 
1 8th of October, in the following year, he married in Vancouver, Miss Alma Van 
Aken, a daughter of James H. Van Aken, a pioneer of Coldwater, Michigan, 
where Mrs. Nicholson-Jarrett resided previous to her marriage. 

Mr. Nicholson-Jarrett has always given a stanch allegiance to the liberal 
party, but has never been active in politics, preferring to devote all of his atten- 
tion to his business affairs. The office which he now holds is the only official 
position in which he has ever served, but the excellent record he has made indi- 
cates that his political inactivity has been a great loss to the community at large. 
He has extensive and important fraternal affiliations, being especially prominent 
in the Masonic order, which he joined in Calgary in 1885, and in which he has 
attained the thirty-second degree. He is past master of Mount Hermon Lodge, 
No. 7, A. F. & A. M., and past first principal in Chapter No. 98, R. A. M. He is a 
member of the Wesley Methodist Episcopal church, of which he has been trustee 
for nearly twenty years, his upright and honorable life being at all times in 



348 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

harmony with his professions. In business life and in official relations he has 
made excellent records, both characterized by far-sighted, discriminating and 
useful work and during the period of his residence in Vancouver he has made 
tangible and substantial contributions to its growth and development. 



ROBERT SCOTT LENNIE. 

Robert Scott Lennie, a member of the British Columbia bar since 1898 and 
a practitioner in Vancouver since 1910, has lived in this province for twenty- 
seven years, arriving here when a youth of eleven. He was born at Smith Falls, 
Ontario, August 16, 1875, and is a son of the Rev. Robert Lennie, B. D., and 
Catherine (Harcus) Lennie, the former having been a minister at Smith Falls, 
Ontario, at the time of the birth of their son. At the usual age Robert S. Lennie 
entered the public schools and as the family removed from place to place he 
continued his education in Ontario, California and British Columbia, arriving in 
this province in 1886. His literary course was supplemented by preparation for 
the bar, to which he was called in 1898. He immediately located for practice 
at Nelson, British Columbia, becoming a member of the firm of Elliot & Lennie, 
while later the firm was Lennie & Wragge. This connection was continued 
until 1912, at which time the partnership was dissolved. In the previous year 
Mr. Lennie had come to Vancouver and began practice alone here, although still 
a member of the firm of Hamilton, Lennie & Wragge at Nelson, which was 
formed when he moved to Vancouver. In 1911 he was joined at Vancouver 
by J. A. Clark, and they have since engaged in the general practice of law under 
the firm name of Lennie & Clark. Close reasoning, analytical power and unfalt- 
ering industry in the preparation of his cases have been the potent elements in 
gaining for Mr. Lennie the creditable position which he now occupies as a prac- 
titioner in Vancouver. He is also widely and favorably known in business circles, 
being an officer in various corporations, especially having to do with mining and 
financial interests. He is president of the Slocan Star Mines, Limited; a direc- 
tor of the Forest Mills of British Columbia, Limited; of the Kootenay Bonanza 
Mines, Limited ; a director of the Silver King Mines, Limited ; the Colonial Trust 
Company, Limited; the New British Columbia Lands, Limited, and many other 
corporations. All this indicates his faith in the province and its natural resources 
and the activity he is displaying in the development of the northwest. 

Aside from this Mr. Lennie is very active in political circles. He is a con- 
servative and was president of the Nelson (B. C.) Conservative Club from 1904 
until 1910, while since 1908 he has been president of the Kootenay District 
Conservative Association, comprising nine ridings. His interest in politics is 
that of a public-spirited citizen, who desires the welfare of his country, and not 
that of the politician, who seeks personal recognition and gain. In fact, Mr. 
Lennie was tendered and refused the nomination for mayor of Nelson and also 
for the provincial and Dominion houses. Appointed by order of the lieutenant- 
governor in council, he acted as chairman of the British Columbia Fire Insurance 
Commission, the findings of which were reported in 1910. He is a bencher of 
the Law Society of British Columbia, representing the Kootenay district for 

six years. 

On the igth of October, 1898, in New Westminster, British Columbia, Mr. 
Lennie was married to Miss Edith Louise Douglas, daughter of Benjamin and 
Julia A. Douglas, pioneer settlers of the northwest, her father having been one 
of the originators of the British Columbia Electric Railway Company. The 
children of this marriage are Robert Douglas, Gerald Scott and Edith Beatrice 
Catharine. Mr. and Mrs. Lennie are members of the Presbyterian church and 
in club circles he is well known. He belongs to the Nelson Club of Nelson, 
British Columbia, and the Union Club of Victoria, while in Vancouver his 
membership is with the Vancouver, Jericho Country, Shaughnessy Heights Golf, 




ROBERT S. LENNIE 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 351 

Commercial and Progress Clubs. These organizations not only have as their 
object social interests and pleasures but also are concerned with plans for the 
improvement and benefit of the city, all of which Mr. Lennie heartily indorses 
and as time permits he gives thereto his hearty cooperation. The family resi- 
dence is on Matthews avenue, Shaughnessy Heights, Vancouver, British 
Columbia. 






BERTRAM WILLIAM DIGBY GILLIES, M. D. 

Dr. Bertram William Digby Gillies has since 1906 been engaged in the prac- 
tice of medicine at Vancouver and for the past six years has been pathologist to 
the Vancouver General Hospital. He was born at Teeswater, Ontario, June n, 
1875, a son of Dr. John and Fannie (Midford) Gillies, the former a native of 
Ontario and the latter of England. The father practiced medicine at Teeswater 
for more than forty years, but both he and his wife are now deceased. 

In the acquirement of his education Dr. Gillies attended successively the 
Harriston high school, the Toronto University and the McGill Medical College, 
from which he was graduated in 1898. He was then interne in the Royal Vic- 
toria Hospital of Montreal for three years, and subsequently took up post- 
graduate work abroad, studying in Germany, Austria, France and England for 
two years, during which time he gained comprehensive knowledge of the methods 
of many of the most eminent physicians of the old world. Splendidly qualified by 
study and practical experience for the onerous and responsible duties of the 
profession, he returned to Canada, and was appointed acting pathologist to the 
General Hospital at Montreal, in which connection he continued for two years. 
In 1906 he came to Vancouver, where he opened an office and has since engaged 
in practice. 

On the i6th of April, 1906, at Montreal, Dr. Gillies was married to Miss Mar- 
garet Leckie, a daughter of Major R. G. Leckie, of Sudbury, Ontario. They have 
two children, Margaret Elizabeth and Mary Eleanor. Dr. Gillies belongs to the 
Western Club, the Deutscher Club and the Rotary Club, associations which indi- 
cate his appreciation for the social amenities of life. He is imbued in all that he 
does professionally by a laudable ambition that prompts him to put forth his best 
efforts, and he is making steady advancement in his chosen calling. 



JOHN O. BENWELL. 

John O. Benwell is at the head of the well known house of Benwell, Peart & 
Company, importers and wholesale dealers in liquors and cigars at Vancouver. 
He was born at Blackheath, Kent, England, on the 9th of August, 1865, and is a 
son of John P. and Elizabeth Benwell, the former lately general manager of 
Lloyds Bank, Ltd., of London. Liberal educational advantages were afforded 
the son, and after attending .Malvern College in Worcestershire, England, he 
entered the Bank of British North America, in London, in 1882. His initial 
business experience was received in this connection during the succeeding four 
years, and in 1886 he came to Canada, attracted by the broader opportunities 
of the new world. The year 1888 witnessed his arrival in British Columbia, 
and after ten years' residence in this province he established his present business 
in 1898, organizing the firm of Benwell, Peart & Company, wholesale dealers in 
wines and spirits. They handle the products of the leading distilleries of the 
country and imported wines and liquors, and the volume of business transacted 
makes theirs one of the large commercial enterprises of the city. 

In 1891 Mr. Benwell was united in marriage to Miss Helen E. Boultbee, of 
Vancouver, and they have one daughter, their only son having been drowned 



352 

in a collision between the Princess Victoria and the Chehalis in Vancouver harbor, 
on July 21, 1896. Mr. Benwell finds recreation in hunting and shooting and he 
has membership in all athletic clubs and also with the Vancouver, Terminal City 
and Country Clubs. 



SANFORD JOHNSON CROWE. 

Sanford Johnson Crowe through association with the contracting business 
has taken active part in the substantial upbuilding of Vancouver. He is now 
practically living retired. His attention, however, is given to his personal invest- 
ments, which include good dividend-bearing properties. As the years have gone 
by he has won substantial success, his indefatigable energy and capable manage- 
ment enabling him to overcome all obstacles and difficulties and reach a posi- 
tion among the men of affluence in Vancouver. He was born at Truro, Nova 
Scotia, February 14, 1868, his parents being John S. and Rebecca (Fulton) 
Crowe, the former a son of Jasper Crowe, who was a native of north Ireland 
but came to Canada about 1810 and settled at Onslow, Colchester county, Nova 
Scotia, where he engaged in farming until his death. His son, John S. Crowe, 
was born and reared on his father's farm and was apprenticed in his youth to 
the carpenter's and shipbuilder's trades at Truro. He afterward followed build- 
ing and contracting at that place until 1895, when he retired and came to Van- 
couver, where he remained until his death, in September, 1910. He married 
Rebecca Fulton, who was descended from one of four brothers of that name 
who came from Scotland to America in 1800. Two of these brothers settled in 
Nova Scotia and two in New York. Of the two latter one was Robert Fulton, 
who in the early part of the nineteenth century invented the first steamboat. 
When he advanced his idea he was laughed at for his pains, none believing steam 
could be applied to navigation, but with courageous spirit he worked on until 
an interested crowd witnessed his first trip up the river to Philadelphia and his 
inventive genius and ability then found recognition. George Fulton was one 
of the two brothers who settled in Nova Scotia, taking up his abode in Colchester 
county, where he rose to a position of prominence. His son and namesake, 
George Fulton, Jr., was born in Colchester county, where he spent his entire 
life. It was his daughter, Rebecca, also a native of Colchester county, who 
became the wife of John S. Crowe and the mother of Sanford J. Crowe. 

In the public schools of Truro, Nova Scotia, Sanford J. Crowe pursued his 
education and later was apprenticed to the carpenter's trade, at which he served 
from 1883 until 1885. Subsequently he was in the employ of Thomas Dunne & 
Company, of Truro, with whom he remained until 1888, when he came to British 
Columbia, settling at Vancouver, where he took up the carpenter's trade. He 
was thus engaged as a journeyman carpenter until 1901, at which time, in part- 
nership with Charles H. Wilson, he embarked in the contracting and building 
business under the firm name of Crowe & Wilson. They met with success in 
that undertaking, many important contracts being awarded them, while various 
substantial structures of this city still stand as monuments to their ability and 
enterprise. They continued to prosper as the years passed on and conducted an 
extensive and gratifying business until 1908, when both parties practically retired 
from active connection with the business although the firm remains intact. Both 
Mr. Crowe and Mr. Wilson now devote their attention largely to looking after 
their common and private interests. The former has become a large owner of 
realty and also has other private business and financial connections. As a con- 
tractor he saw opportunity for judicious investments and from time to time 
added to his holdings until he now derives a gratifying annual income therefrom. 
In 1905 he was one of the organizers of the Cascade Steam Laundry Company. 
Ltd., of which he is the secretary-treasurer. He also has other financial interests 




SANFORD J. CROWE 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 355 

and for the past two years has been vice president and active in the affairs of 
the Vancouver Exhibition Association. 

,Mr. Crowe was appointed in July to represent the city of Vancouver on the 
board of the Burrard Peninsula Sewerage Commission, also known as the Greater 
Vancouver Sewer Commission, which was created by the government at the last 
session of the legislature and will begin their work August i, 1913. In speaking 
of Mr. Crowe as one of the members of the new commission, Attorney-General 
Bowser refers to him as being in a class by himself, and having had years of wide 
experience in sewer construction in Vancouver, he is indispensible to the board. 
Ever since the provisional board was conceived nearly two years ago Mr. Crowe 
has taken a very active part and always been a sincere worker for the establish- 
ment of a permanent commission to conduct this much-needed work. 

On the 1 9th of March, 1901, in Vancouver, Mr. Crowe was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Annie C. Smythe, a daughter of Richard Smythe, a minister and 
farmer of Bathurst, New Brunswick. Mrs. Crowe passed away April 29, 
1912, leaving two children, Richard Elmer and Harold Stinson. In politics 
Mr. Crowe is a liberal, taking active and helpful part in support of the party, 
and since 1909 has served as alderman of the city, his term expiring in 1914. He 
belongs to the Terminal City Club and to the Presbyterian church. He has ever 
been interested in matters pertaining to the growth, development, welfare and 
progress of Vancouver and for a number of years he was a member of the 
board of managers of the Vancouver General Hospital. He takes active and 
helpful interest in all that pertains to general progress and has been generous in 
his support of measures to ameliorate the hard conditions of life for the unfort- 
unate. What he has undertaken he has accomplished and while he stands today 
among the successful business men of Vancouver he has never concentrated his 
attention upon business affairs to the exclusion of other duties, recognizing fully 
his obligations to his fellowmen and to the community at large. 



BLANCHARD E. NEVILLE. 

One of the leading productive industries of Vancouver is conducted under the 
name of the Dominion Fish Company, Ltd., with Blanchard E. Neville as presi- 
dent. Careful management, a utilization of all the opportunities which have come 
to him and thorough reliability have been the salient features in his life record 
and have gained for him the enviable position which he now occupies in the 
business circles of his adopted city. He was born in Nova Scotia, in 1878, a son 
of E. H. and Mary (Adams) Neville, both of whom were natives of that province. 
About 1893 they removed westward to Winnipeg, where they still reside. 

Blanchard E. Neville was a student at Dalhousie College, in Halifax, Nova 
Scotia, where he was graduated with the class of 1901. He then went west to 
Winnipeg and entered the employ of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company, 
spending the first year in the office of the accountant of the sleeping and dining 
car department, and afterward going upon the road as inspector in the same 
department. He traveled from Halifax to Vancouver and continued in that 
position until April, 1908, when he retired to engage in business on his own 
account. He bought out the Dominion Fish Company, Ltd., of which he is 
president and manager, and although this business came into his possession only 
in 1908 it had been established for many years and is the oldest wholesale fish 
enterprise in British Columbia. By far the greater part of the output is shipped 
outside of the province, being distributed throughout Alberta, Saskatchewan, 
Manitoba and Ontario, while shipments are made as far east as Toronto. The 
first carload of fish to leave British Columbia was sent out by this company in 
1913 a load of fresh halibut. They also supply the majority of retail markets 
in Vancouver and the province and have the largest fish smoking plant on the 
Pacific coast, in the busy season smoking from nine to ten tons of fish per day. 



356 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

These are packed in their large plant under the registered name of the Dominion 
Brand and are shipped through brokers to all countries. The business has grown 
year by year until it has reached mammoth proportions, making it one of the 
chief productive industries of the city. In 1910 Mr. Neville was joined by his 
brother, W. S. Neville, formerly of Winnipeg, who is now secretary of the 
company. The plant is splendidly equipped for carrying on the work in all of its 
departments and a large force of employes assist in salting, smoking and pre- 
paring the fish for the market. 

On the 8th of April, 1909, Mr. Neville was married in Vancouver to Miss 
Margaret Bunn, a daughter of Alfred Bunn, a well known pioneer of this city 
who came from Manitoba. They have one child, Edwina. In politics Mr. 
Neville is a conservative, but has never taken an active part in political affairs. 
He is interested in the game of baseball, and for two years was manager of the 
Winnipeg baseball team. He belongs to Vancouver Lodge, B. P. O. E., and to 
the Canadian Order of Foresters, and his religious faith is that of the Methodist 
church. He is a member of the Commercial Club. His interests in life are varied 
and he is always loyal to any cause which he espouses. His advancement in the 
business world is the merited reward of ability and fidelity, and indicates what 
may be accomplished when energy and determination are basic elements in one's 
career. 



JOHN McLELLAN MACKINNON. 

British Columbia is endowed with splendid natural resources, and conse- 
quently there has come to this section of the country a class of enterprising men 
who recognize the advantages here offered and in the capable control of busi- 
ness affairs have not only contributed to individual success but have been factors 
in the substantial improvement and upbuilding of the country. To this class 
belongs John McLellan Mackinnon, investment broker of Vancouver, who has 
labored along many lines that have been of substantial benefit to this section of 
the country. He was born on the island of Eigg in Inverness-shire, Scotland, 
September i, 1863, a son of Charles and Mary (McLellan) Mackinnon. The 
father was connected with the geodetic survey department of the admiralty for 
a number of years, or until his retirement from active life. 

In the acquirement of his education John M. Mackinnon attended the public 
schools and the Watts Institute of Edinburgh, and when a young man of twenty- 
two years arrived in British Columbia in 1885. ^ n the fall of that year he went 
to Oregon, in the United States, where he engaged in sheep ranching for six 
years, and then returned to this province and initiated his career in the land and 
timber business in which he has continued to be actively interested to the present 
time. In 1891 he purchased Hardy island comprising one thousand six hundred 
and ninety-nine acres which he devoted to the preservation of game, being one 
of the first men in the province to promote the protection of game on private 
preserves. This island remains in his possession to the present time and is still 
devoted to its original purpose. Mr. Mackinnon has been actively connected 
with the development of mines, timber and the natural resources of the country 
generally for the past twenty years and his labors have been an element in the 
substantial growth of the province, while at the same time his careful control 
of his individual interests has brought the success which numbers him among 
Vancouver's substantial residents. 

In 1897 he erected the Mackinnon building in Vancouver which was the 
first office building of any importance to be built in that city and which, at that 
time, was considered the most modern building in the city. Besides his personal 
interests, Mr. Mackinnon has been a director in numerous business companies 
and corporations. In 1906 he organized the business and built the plant of the 
Canadian Pacific Pulp Company, Ltd., at Swanson Bay, British Columbia, and 




JOHN M. MACKINNON 






BRITISH COLUMBIA 359 

was managing director of the company for six years and in that connection 
developed a business of large proportions. He is heavily interested in mining 
and timber lands in different sections of the province, being the owner of more 
than twenty thousand acres of timber land on the coast of British Columbia. He 
also has extensive holdings in farm and fruit lands, among other properties 
being a ranch of one thousand two hundred acres in the Lillooet district, which 
is devoted primarily to horse and cattle raising, while three hundred acres are 
under cultivation. 

Mr. JVlackinnon has recently been commissioned a justice of the peace in 
the province, this being the only public office he has ever filled. His political 
belief is that of the conservative party. He is a member of the Vancouver Club, 
the Royal Vancouver Yacht Club and is a life member of the London Inverness- 
shire Association of London, England, one of the most exclusive associations in 
Great Britain. He is a life member of the Vancouver Rowing Club. He is a 
member of the Vancouver Board of Trade and is in sympathy with all its efforts 
to promote the business interests of the city, to extend its trade relations, to 
exploit its natural advantages and enhance its beauty. In a word, he is a public- 
spirited citizen, cooperating in various measures for the general welfare. 

On the 2ist of June, 1894, in Vancouver, Mr. Mackinnon was married to 
Miss Jean McGregor Grant, a daughter of Captain Alexander and Isabel Drys- 
dale (Dodds) Grant. Her father was for many years connected with the local 
navy reserves in New Zealand but is now retired. The children of this marriage 
are Charles Donald Grant, Isabel Mary and Ian Malcolm. The religious faith of 
the family is that of the Presbyterian church. 

It is a matter of interesting history to know that Mr. Mackinnon purchased 
the first ticket the Canadian Pacific Railroad ever sold in Edinburgh, Scotland, 
to Victoria, British Columbia. The railroad, however, was unable to get him 
'through and so transferred him in New York and he came to this province by 
way of the Northern Pacific and over the line of the Oregon Railway & Navi- 
gation Company, the Canadian Pacific not having been completed until the fol- 
lowing year. For more than a quarter of a century Mr. Mackinnon has been a 
witness of the development of the northwest, living continuously in British 
Columbia, save for the brief period spent in Oregon, and he takes just pride in 
what has been accomplished in this most western of the Canadian provinces, the 
transformation being so great as to appear almost magical when one recognizes 
how sparsely settled was this section in 1885 the year of his arrival. 



HERBERT WILLIAM BAKER. 

Industry and intelligence constitute the key which unlocks the portals of suc- 
cess. These qualities may be cultivated by any and thus the opportunity for 
business advancement is open to all. Not all, however, preserve in the perform- 
ance of the task to which they set themselves and thus develop their latent powers 
and talents. Determined to win success by persistent, honorable effort, Herbert 
William Baker has constantly advanced, and since 1905 has been secretary and 
treasurer of the Pacific Loan Company, which he organized in that year. The 
following year he organized the Northern Securities, Limited, and has since been 
its president, bending his energies to the accomplishment of the purpose for 
which the two companies stand. He was born in Kingston, Ontario, July 24, 
1869, and is a son of William Ford and Frances (Funnell) Baker. The former 
was descended from an old family of United Empire Loyalists who came from the 
New England colonies and settled in Prince Edward county, Ontario, at the time 
of the American revolution. He was later a prominent merchant of Trenton, 
Ontario, for many years, and in 1902 made his way westward to Portage la 
Prairie, Manitoba, where he engaged in general business and farming, owning 
and cultivating a tract of land of six hundred and forty acres within the limits of 



360 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

that city. Thereon he resided until his death in 1909, while his wife had passed 
away in the previous year. 

In the public schools of Trenton, Ontario, Herbert W. Baker mastered the 
preliminary branches of learning, while his more advanced course was pursued 
in Queen's University at Kingston, Ontario, where he was graduated in 1891, 
winning the Bachelor of Arts degree. He took up the profession of teaching at 
the collegiate institute at Glencoe, Ontario, where he remained as an instructor 
until 1895. He then went to Portage la Prairie to become science master of the 
collegiate institute there, and subsequently was made principal of that collegiate 
and superintendent of the Portage la Prairie schools, in which position he con- 
tinued until 1902, being recognized as a prominent and active factor in the educa- 
tional development of that section. 

On coming to Vancouver in 1902, Mr. Baker entered business circles as a 
representative of the Great West Life Insurance Company, with which he was 
connected for two years. He then engaged in the general real-estate and financial 
brokerage business, and in 1905 organized the Pacific Loan Company, of which 
he became secretary arid treasurer, remaining in the dual position to the present 
time. He further extended his activities in 1906 in the organization of the North- 
ern Securities, Limited, of which he has since been the president. These two com- 
panies conduct a general real-estate, loan, insurance and financial brokerage busi- 
ness, act as executors, administrators and trustees, and do other work of similar 
nature. They have been established upon a safe, substantial basis, and are con- 
ducting a growing and profitable business. The plans of the two companies have 
been carefully formulated and embody in large part the ideas and business man- 
agement of Mr. Baker, who has acquainted himself with every phase of the 
financial situation of the northwest, and is equally well known for his correct 
valuation of property. In fact he is well qualified to handle any branch of the, 
business and his discernment and sagacity have constituted important features 
in his success. 

On the I4th of June, 1898, Mr. Baker was married at Portage la Prairie to 
Miss Charlotte Richardson, a daughter of William R. Richardson, of Kingston, 
Ontario, and their children are Donald, Wallace, Helen, Gordon and Russell. The 
parents hold membership in the Methodist church and Mr. Baker votes with the 
liberal party. There is no esoteric phase in all of his life history; his record 
being an open book that all may read. At the outset of his career he realized 
the fact that there is no royal road to wealth. A noted financier has said : "If 
you would win success, you must be willing to pay the price the price of self- 
sacrifice, earnest effort and diligence ;" and this Mr. Baker has done, gaining for 
himself a creditable and honorable position among the well and favorably known 
business men of Vancouver. 



DONALD NEIL McTAVISH. 

Donald Neil McTavish, sole proprietor of the real-estate, insurance and loan 
business operated under the name of McTavish Brothers, was born in Beeton, 
Ontario, on the 2d of October, 18/8, and is a son of Peter and. Margaret (Mac- 
Millan) McTavish, both representatives of old Scotch families. He acquired 
his education in the public schools of Manitoba and British Columbia coming 
to the latter province in 1889 and afterward taught school in Fraser Valley and 
Rossland, British Columbia, following this occupation from 1897 to I 9 2 - Dur- 
ing some of this time he was principal of the South Ward school in Rossland 
but he eventually resigned this position in order to enter the employ of the 
International Correspondence Schools of Scranton, Pennsylvania, in whose 
interests he worked for seven years in British Columbia. In the spring of 
1910 he came to Vancouver and here identified himself with the real-estate, 
insurance and loan business, forming a partnership with his brother Peter D. 




DONALD N. McTAVISH 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 363 

McTavish under the firm name of McTavish Brothers. They dissolved part- 
nership in 1911, but Donald N. McTavish still uses the old firm title. He con- 
trols a large and important trade and his success has come as a natural result 
of the able management of his business, his ability, energy and practical judg- 
ment. He is a director in the Western Residential Schools of Vancouver and 
in the Investors Guarantee Corporation, Ltd. 

On the 1 5th of December, 1909, in Hillsboro, New Brunswick, Mr. Mc- 
Tavish married Miss Mabel Evelyn Sherwood, a daughter of Abraham and 
Mary Sherwood, and they have one son, Donald Sherwood. The parents are 
members of the Presbyterian church and Mr. McTavish belongs to the Alpine 
Club. Fraternally he is identified with the Masonic lodge in Calgary, Alberta, 
and his political allegiance is given to the liberal party. Although one of the 
later arrivals in Vancouver, he has already made his influence felt in business 
circles and today stands high among the men of marked ability and substantial 
worth in the community. 

JOHN G. WOODS. 

Throughout a period of residence in Vancouver and the vicinity dating from 
1886 John G. Woods has firmly entrenched himself in the regard and esteem of 
his fellow citizens and, constantly following high standards of business and per- 
sonal integrity, has reached a position of importance in business circles. He is at 
present the proprietor of the large wharfage and storage business operated by 
J. G. Woods & Company and is connected with many other representative 
concerns. He was born in Chatham, Ontario, in November, 1856, and is a son of 
the late Robert Stuart and Emma Elizabeth (Schwarz) Woods. The paternal 
branch of the family has been in Canada for many generations, the grandfather, 
James Woods, having been a prominent lawyer at Sandwich, Ontario. He married 
a daughter of Commodore Grant, at one time administrator of Upper Canada and 
a man of much prominence in Ontario. Their son, Robert Stuart Woods, father 
of the subject of this review, was born in Sandwich, and after he reached maturity 
followed 'in his father's footsteps and practiced law, rising to be judge of the 
county court of Kent and becoming also queen's counsel. He spent his entire life 
in Ontario and died at Chatham when he was eighty-seven years of age. Mrs. 
Woods, mother of the subject of this review, was a daughter of General Schwarz, 
of Michigan. She was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and went to Michigan 
in pioneer times, driving overland in a carriage. Her father came west as a 
partner of John Jacob Astor and established and conducted for many years a 
fur-trading business at Detroit. She has also passed away, her death having 
occurred at Chatham when she was eighty-seven years of age. 

The public schools of his native city afforded John G. Woods his early 
educational opportunities and he was afterward a student in the Upper Canada 
College. In 1879 he began his independent career, going to Colorado, where he 
engaged in prospecting and silver mining for some time, later returning to 
Canada, and in 1882 locating in Winnipeg. After a few months he secured a 
position as accountant and superintendent of the old Bell farm near that city, but 
this he resigned in 1884 in order to work on the construction of the Canadian 
Pacific Railroad through the Canadian Rockies. After one year at this work he 
returned to Qu'Appelle and joined Major Bell, then chief transport officer, as 
superintendent of transports from Fort Qu'Appelle to the Touchwood hills, later 
extending his territory to Fish creek and other points. He remained until the 
close of the Riel rebellion, and then in the fall of 1885 returned to the mountains, 
making a journey through British Columbia, and in that year visiting the town of 
Granville, now Vancouver. In the following year he returned to the city and 
started work for Leamy & Kyle, who owned the second mill established on False 
creek, and rose to be manager of this concern, afterward becoming superintendent 



364 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

of the Moodyville mills. For six years he retained that connection, but at the 
end of that time leased a large tract of Canadian Pacific Railroad land near 
False creek and established himself in business as a shingle manufacturer, forming 
a partnership with a Mr. Spicer. A few years later the latter disposed of his 
interests in the concern and from that time until 1912 Mr. Woods conducted the 
business alone. He closed the plant in 1912, and since that time has been sole 
proprietor of the wharfage and storage business operated under the name of 
J. G. Woods & Company, meeting with his usual well deserved success in the 
conduct of this enterprise. He was for several years president of the Export 
Lumber & Shingle Company, which was also dissolved in 1912, and he was for 
two years president of the Employers Association of Vancouver. Since the 
organization of the Vancouver Board of Trade, in the '8os, he has been a member 
of this body, and he is a life governor of the Vancouver General Hospital, on the 
board of which he served for a number of years. These connections indicate 
something of the scope and extent of his interests into which he has been 
carried in the course of twenty-eight years' residence in this city. His affairs are 
conducted in an able and straightforward manner, his name standing as a synonym 
for integrity, probity and ability. 

In June, 1902, Mr. Woods was united in marriage to Miss Frances Bennett 
McDougall, a daughter of the late Alexander McDougall, of Vancouver, and 
they have one daughter, Vivian Amy. Mrs. Woods is well known in social 
circles of this city and belongs to the Georgian Club and the Jericho Country 
Club. Mr. Woods has also important club affiliations, holding membership in 
the Vancouver Club, of which he was the president in 1908, in the Union Club 
of Victoria, the United Empire Club of London and the Jericho Country Gub. 
He belongs to the Masonic lodge and is president of the British Columbia Thor- 
oughbred Association. He is a conservative in his political beliefs and, although 
not active as an office seeker, is interested in the welfare of the city where he 
has so long resided, the years having brought to him a creditable position as a 
valued citizen and business man. 



RICHARD CHARLES HODGSON. 

The success which has come to Richard Charles Hodgson, president and 
manager of the Hodgson Plumbing & Heating Company, Limited, of Vancouver, 
is the direct result of his intelligently directed effort and thorough understanding 
of the business in which he embarked as a young tradesman. He was born 
February 22, 1875, m Chilliwack, British Columbia, his parents being Richard 
W. and Sarah Elizabeth Hodgson, both now deceased, having passed away in 
Vancouver. The father was engaged in mining in the Cariboo country in the 
early days, thence removed to Chilliwack and then worked for seventeen years 
for the Moodyville Sawmill Company at Moodyville as chief engineer, resign- 
ing in 1886. Throughout his life the son has been a resident of British Columbia, 
the greater part of his youth, as well as his manhood, being passed in Vancouver, 
where he was a pupil in the public and high schools. 

After leaving school Mr. Hodgson learned the plumbing business and was 
employed for a time, but later started out on his own account as a member 
of the firm of Knowdell & Hodgson. This partnership was continued from 
1896 until 1903, when the firm dissolved and Mr. Hodgson was joined by 
another partner, forming the firm of Hodgson & Stearman, under which name 
business was conducted until 1910, when they dissolved partnership and Mr. 
Hodgson then incorporated under the style of the Hodgson Plumbing & Heating 
Company, Limited. Mr. Hodgson was elected president and managing director, 
and in that connection largely controls the policy of the business. He is constantly 
seeking out new methods for the development of the trade and from the begin- 
ning has ever recognized the fact that satisfied patrons are the best advertise- 




RICHARD C. HODGSON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 367 

ment. The character of the service rendered to the public, based upon thorough 
knowledge of the trade, has brought him success and he is now at the head of a 
profitable and growing business. In 1913, he erected the present structure at 
No. 1174 Burrard street and there the business is now conducted along con- 
stantly expanding lines. 

That Mr. Hodgson's interests are broad is indicated in the fact that he is 
now president of the South Vancouver Board of Trade, this being his fourth 
successive year in that office; is a director of the British Columbia Agricultural 
& Industrial Society, and is president of the South Vancouver Conservative 
Association. The latter affiliation indicates his political preference. He was 
also chairman of the South Vancouver school board from 1906 until 1908, in- 
clusive. All these indicate the trend of his activity in connection with public 
events and interests. 

Mr. Hodgson was married on the I4th of June, 1899, ' n Vancouver, to Miss 
Minnie Gale, a daughter of John and Eliza Ann Gale, well known farming 
people in Ontario, and they have four sons, Percival, James, Walter and Ed- 
ward. The religious faith of the family is that of the Methodist church and in 
addition to his membership therein Mr. Hodgson is a past master of Mount 
Hermon Lodge, A. F. & A. M., of Vancouver, and a member of the Mystic 
Shrine. He likewise belongs to the Commercial, Progress, Vancouver Automo- 
bile and Canadian Clubs. He is a forceful and active member of the Board of 
Trade and it was through the efforts of Mr. Hodgson that the North Arm of the 
Eraser river received the attention of that body during his incumbency as chair- 
man. The agitation for the improvement of this important part of the river 
was started during that time. It is sure to come and the next few years will 
undoubtedly show great improvements and development there. An appropriation 
of two hundred thousand dollars by the Dominion government was made in May, 
1913, for this purpose. His appointment to the North Eraser harbor commis- 
sion has been most popular among all parties and sections. Four years ago he 
predicted the future of the North Arm and has never ceased to work to bring the 
possibilities of the fresh-water channel before the people. Mr. Hodgson stands 
for all that is beneficial in citizenship and is a stalwart champion of all interests 
and projects which are a matter of civic virtue and civic pride. His life has 
been actuated by high and honorable principles in every relation, and he com- 
mands the respect and confidence of those with whom he has been associated. 



R. G. CHAMBERLIN. 

Among the departments of municipal government which are of utmost 
importance to the well-being of a city is none that is of more vital bearing to 
every citizen than the department of police, and to efficiently handle a large force 
in a city as tremendously growing as Vancouver, in which there naturally is a 
floating element of considerable size, demands a capable and experienced head. 
R. G. Chamberlin, who for five years and seven months, from 1907 until the close 
of 1912, had been the chief of the department and who on the first of the fol- 
lowing year accepted an important position with the Canadian Pacific Railroad 
Company in Montreal, placed the police force of Vancouver on an excellent 
footing during the term of his general superintendency. 

Mr. Chamberlin is a native of Canada, having been born at Chelsea, in the 
province of Quebec, on August 24, 1863. He there spent his early boyhood and 
received his education in the public schools. Police work seemed to have a natural 
attraction for him, and as he had talents in that direction and a keen, perceptive 
mind he joined, in 1884, the Dominion police force at Ottawa, and in the course 
of years discharged his duties with such excellence, faithfulness, courage and 
circumspection that he gradually was promoted, until in 1897 he was appointed 
inspector of the Dominion secret service, in which body are employed only the 



368 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

most able of men, and he served in that capacity until 1907, in which year he 
became chief of police in Vancouver. When he entered upon his duties the 
force was well adapted to the needs of a small provincial city, but as the coast 
town grew to metropolitan proportions he built up the police system, instituting 
new departments and enlarging those existing and doing highly superior work 
while in office, preserving law and order in a remarkable manner. It may be said 
of him that he virtually was the father of the police department of Vancouver as 
it exists today. The lawless elements which for a time were evident in various 
parts of the city disappeared from sight as if by magic and well known regulations 
were instituted by him to insure the safety of citizens which was placed in his 
trust. Although Chief Chamberlin was stern and exacting as the chief officer of the 
force and expected every man to do his duty as well and conscientiously as he 
would do it himself, he was kindly in his ways and lenient to the first offender 
whom by timely advice he often helped to turn back to the path of right and 
mend his ways. In fact the invisible part of his work in that respect must be as 
highly estimated as those reforms which he brought about that were open to 
every eye. 

Shortly before January i, 1913, Chief Chamberlin presented his resignation to 
the mayor, not on account of the slightest difficulty concerning his position but 
simply because he saw it his duty to accept a position which offered him a wider 
scope for his abilities and a larger financial return, and he terminated his duties 
as the police chief shortly before the end of the year, and on the ist of January, 
1913, accepted a most responsible position in the service of the Canadian Pacific 
Railroad under Sir Thomas Shaughnessy in Montreal. That he is popular and 
largely appreciated for the work he has done in this city is evidenced by the 
many tokens which he received in gratitude for his services and the many good 
wishes which accompany him to his new position. The resignation of Chief 
Chamberlin was largely a surprise and not a pleasant surprise to the citizens 
of this growing community, who saw in him represented the means of preserving 
law and order. In his official work he had been so uniformly successful that 
there never occurred to anyone a thought of the possibility of his dropping out of 
the department or leaving the city. The entire department under his regime for 
five and a half years has been highly effective, and the personal loyalty which 
he inspired by his spirit in his men was most satisfactory to the citizens of 
the community. In dealing with the general public the chief has always been 
singularly happy in his affairs, and the high regard and confidence which have 
been placed in him are truly warranted and highly merited. 



HENRY GREENSHIELDS LOCKWOOD. 

The bar of British Columbia numbers among its younger and, by consensus 
of public opinion, its most able representatives Henry Greenshields Lockwood, 
practicing in Vancouver as a member of the firm of Taschereau & Lockwood, 
barristers and solicitors. He was born in Sorel, Quebec, January 22, 1888, 
and is a son of Herbert and Marietta Lockwood, who for many years were 
the only English-speaking people in that community. His family contains many 
prominent representatives, Mr. Lockwood being related to the late Sir Frank 
Lockwood, of London, England, a prominent barrister of the last century and 
a well known and widely read author. 

Mr. Lockwood had a splendid educational preparation for his life work, for 
after leaving Queen's school in Vancouver he entered the Collegiate Institute 
at Victoria and was afterward a student in Trinity College, Port Hope, Ontario. 
He spent one year in the Royal Military College of Kingston, in the same prov- 
ince, attending, however, only one year, after which he received his honorable 
discharge. Having determined to study law, he was articled to L. G. McPhillips, 
K. C., one of the leading barristers in Vancouver, and was also for a short time 




HENRY G. LOCKWOOD 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 371 

with Mr. Taschereau in the same city. He was called to the bar of British 
Columbia in 1912 and started immediately in practice with his former preceptor, 
the firm of Taschereau & Lockwood being formed. This connection has since 
been maintained and the firm is one of the most reliable in the city. Mr. 
Lockwood has proven himself an able barrister, well versed in the underlying 
principles of his profession and possessed of the keen mind and the forceful 
personality necessary to make knowledge effective in any field. As a consequence 
his practice has grown rapidly and although he has been only one year at the 
bar he today occupies a position of weight in legal circles. 

Mr. Lockwood is a member of the Anglican church and is a conservative 
in his political beliefs, his influence being always on the side of right, reform 
and advancement. At the age of twenty-five he has already won a credit- 
able place at the bar, and, being ambitious, able and energetic, will undoubtedly 
continue to make rapid and steady progress in his chosen field. 



GERALD UPTON. 

Gerald Upton is secretary of the school board of Vancouver, in which con- 
nection he is putting forth earnest effort to advance the educational facilities 
which the city offers to the young. He was born in London, England, in June, 
1879, a son f Edward and Elizabeth (Fox) Upton, both natives of Kent county, 
England, where they still reside. 

Gerald Upton was educated for the bar, being articled for three years, but he 
did not feel that the profession was that to which he wished to devote his life 
work, and in 1898, when a youth of nineteen years, he crossed the Atlantic to the 
Dominion, spending two years in upper Canada. He afterward traveled exten- 
sively, visiting California, Japan and China, and spending two summers in Alaska. 
He then joined the mounted police and went to Africa, where he served for two 
years in the Boer war. He returned to Canada in 1903, and for six years was 
in the employ of John Helliwell. He next returned to England for a short time, 
but again came to this country in 1911, and took up the auditing and accounting 
business. In 1912 he was engaged to investigate the affairs of the board of 
school trustees and later in the same year was tendered the position of secretary 
of the board, in. which capacity he is now ably serving, seeking through the 
exercise of his official duties to further the interests of the schools of the city. 
In politics he is a conservative, but has never been active as a party worker. 

In April, 1907, Mr. Upton was married in Vancouver to Miss E. J. Holmes, 
who was born in Hong Kong, China, of English parentage. The three children 
of this marriage are Herbert, Jack and Edward. Mr. Upton's extensive travel 
and wide experience have made him an interesting companion, and a genial 
nature contributes to make his a pleasing personality. 



THEODORE HATTON CALLAND. 

Theodore Hatton Calland, sole proprietor of the important real-estate concern 
conducted under the name of T. H. Calland & Company, and for twenty-four 
years past one of the able and substantial business men of Vancouver, was born 
in Neath, south Wales, May 25, 1863, his parents being John Forbes and Harriet 
i.. Calland. In the acquirement of an education he attended Cheltenham College 
in England and after laying aside his books came to the United States, becoming 
connected with the Bank of North America in New York. He held his position 
with this concern for a number of years, being transferred from New York to 
Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1888. In the following year he resigned this 
position and established himself in the real-estate business, with which he has 
vol. in 13 



372 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

been continuously identified since that time. His business is operated under the 
name of T. H. Calland & Company, but he is the sole proprietor, and to his 
initiative spirit, his enterprise and keen business discrimination the concern owes 
all of its growth and development. 

On the ist of June, 1898, in Vancouver, Mr. Calland was united in marriage 
to Miss Kathleen Hebden, and they have four children, Vera, Phyllis, Barbara 
and John Christopher. The parents are well known in social circles of Van- 
couver and Mr. Calland belongs to the Vancouver and Western Clubs. He gives 
his political allegiance to the conservative party and is interested in public affairs, 
having served from 1907 to 1908 as a member of the board of aldermen. He is, 
however, not in any sense an office seeker, preferring to concentrate his energies 
upon his business affairs, which, capably conducted, are bringing him richly 
merited success. During the twenty-five years of his residence in Vancouver his 
sterling ' worth has come to be widely acknowledged, his business enterprise 
having gained him distinction in commercial circles and his business probity 
standing as an unquestioned fact in his career. 



CAPTAIN E. J. FADER. 

The term "captain of industry" finds its justification in the life record of 
Captain E. J. Fader, of New Westminster, British Columbia, a man who by 
the sheer force of his will, his ability, his foresight and his initiative built up 
mammoth enterprises which have been stones in the foundation upon which 
rests the industrial development of the province. That his qualities are of a 
character far beyond those possessed by the majority no one doubts, and yet 
in manner Captain Fader never indicates that he recognizes or knows aught 
of his own superiority. Everlastingly he pushed on, never losing sight of his 
purpose, never forgetting for a moment the goal before him, ever conscious 
that his aim was justifiable and his course honorable. The thing supremely 
worth having in all this world is opportunity, coupled with the capacity to do 
well and worthily a piece of work, the doing of which shall be of vital sig- 
nificance. Opportunity and the capacity were given to Captain Fader and he 
has used both wisely and well. As manager of the British Columbia Trans- 
portation Company, an organization which controls property in excess of a 
million dollars, he holds a foremost position in business life in western Canada, 
but this connection does not exhaust by any means his activities. Coming to 
New Westminster in 1902, he saw a great opportunity in the timber business 
and at one time owned more timber land an area exceeding six hundred square 
miles than any other man in Canada and in order to bring about the develop- 
ment of this vast tract and facilitate its exploitation formed great companies 
which became cornerstones in the timber industry. As a pioneer he accom- 
panied surveying expeditions at the time of early railroad construction, in the 
'8os. He was a master of steamboats, being at that time instrumental in sav- 
ing (the passengers and crew of a sinking vessel. Moreover, he is active in 
timber cruising and mining, being successful along these various lines. He 
built the first modern hotel in New Westminster and in other ways contributed 
to the growth of the city. A versatile man of no mean talents, he improved 
his outlook upon the world by extensive travel in Europe and the Hawaiian 
Islands and has become known, as the years have passed, as one of the fore- 
most judges of commercial conditions in the Canadian northwest. 

Captain Fader was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, on December 12, 1863, 
a son of John Henry and Mary Ann (Mason) Fader, natives of Halifax. 
When a boy of fourteen E. J. Fader proceeded westward to Port Arthur and 
during the early construction of the railroad between the Great Lakes and 
Manitoba, which now forms a part of the Canadian Pacific system, carried 
his blankets over the old Dawson road to Fort Steele. The road was then 




CAPTAIN E. J. FADER 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 375 

under construction, Percell & Ryan having charge of the work. During the 
years 1878 and 1879 tne roa d was completed to Winnipeg, it being taken over 
in the latter year by the Canadian Pacific. In 1880 Captain Fader joined one 
of the first surveying expeditions into the north Saskatchewan territory, their 
party laying out all the base lines in North Saskatchewan between Prince Albert 
and Carleton lake. From there during the year 1882 to the spring of 1883 
he made his way down to the north shore, where he was at the time when the 
troops of the Kiel rebellion passed through there. In 1884 he retraced his 
way to the summit of the Selkirks and in 1885, when the Canadian Pacific 
line was built, was still there, having at that time the pleasure of welcoming 
Lady Macdonald, wife of the then premier, and presented her with a bouquet 
of wild flowers which he had picked himself. He knew of the coming of Sir 
John and Lady Macdonald and the idea of a floral gift from the mountain lands 
appealed to him as strongly appropriate and, needless to say, was accepted by 
Lady Macdonald in the same spirit. During the years 1886 and 1887 he remained 
in the mountains but in 1888 went to Vancouver, where he engaged in steam- 
boating. During his first year, when Captain Fader was running the steamer 
Muriel, the Beaver was lost outside the Vancouver Narrows on August 13, 
1888, and upon his return from Chemainus about twelve o'clock midnight, he 
discovered the Beaver in distress on the rocks and went to her assistance. 
He worked to save her until four o'clock in the morning but after breaking 
his towline several times gave up, as the tide was falling fast and she was 
expected every moment to sink. In the meantime, however, he had lowered 
his boats and taken off all of her passengers and crew. From his recollection 
there were about forty passengers rescued, all of whom were taken aboard his 
vessel with the exception of the captain, who remained until the Beaver went 
down, but he also was later picked up. The Beaver was the first boat that ever 
turned a wheel on the Pacific ocean. From 1888 to 1892 Captain Fader con- 
tinued as master but subsequently engaged in exploring the country and timber 
cruising, making himself during that time master of the Chinook dialect which 
he was able to talk fluently with all of the Indian tribes. After this period he 
for ten years engaged in mining and various other enterprises, spending two 
years thereof in Europe and six months in the Hawaiian Islands. 

In 1902 Captain Fader came to New Westminster and, perceiving the great 
future in store for the little city which had then about five thousand inhabi- 
tants, he decided to make it his headquarters. During his trip abroad he was 
married on September 21, 1899, to Miss Lucy Ashby, of London, England, and 
on his return selected New Westminster as his home and has ever since resided 
here. Engaging in the timber business, he at one time owned more land of 
that description than any other man in Canada, holding title to more than six 
hundred square miles of timber and is still controlling large tracts. Finding, 
however, at the time that he could not handle so enormous a proposition in- 
dividually, he organized many large companies who took over part of his hold- 
ings and in that way contributed largely to the growth of the timber business 
in the province. He was instrumental in founding the Small & Bucklin Lum- 
ber Company, who control more than one billion feet; the American Timber 
Holding Company, who control nearly three billion feet; the Nimpkish Log- 
ging Company, who own their own railway and control upward of one billion 
feet; and the Quesnelle Lake Lumber Holding Company, who control about 
six hundred million feet. Captain Fader also promoted the Fraser River Tan- 
nery located across the Fraser river from New Westminster. He is still a 
stockholder in all of these companies with the exception of the one first men- 
tioned. He gave a great impetus to the expansion of the city by building with 
his own capital the Russell Hotel in New Westminster, the only first class house 
in the city, disposing of the same, however, in 1910. Subsequently he made a 
trip to England, there spending eighteen months, during which stay he organ- 
ized a number of companies. The Vancouver Island Timber Syndicate is one 
of these important ventures. He also promoted the Cambricol Company, Limited, 




376 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

a land-holding company, and the British Columbia Transport Company, of the 
latter of which Captain Fader is still the manager. This company has extensive 
interests in New Westminster and vicinity, controlling about one million dol- 
lars worth of property. They own the largest docks along the water front of 
the city, including a general building supply plant and a rock and gravel plant 
having a capacity of one thousand yards of crushed rock and gravel per day. 
They also own one hundred and fifty thousand dollars worth of tugs, barges 
and floating properties. The beneficial effect which the commercial activities 
of Captain Fader have had upon the commercial development of New West- 
minster and British Columbia can hardly be estimated but it is recognized on 
all sides that he is one of the most enterprising and foremost men in the city, 
who has not only promoted enterprises in his own interest but gives as much 
consideration to the effect his activities have upon the general welfare. 

Captain and Mrs. Fader are the parents of one daughter, Eva Joan. They 
are members of the Church of England, taking an earnest interest in the work 
of the church and its allied societies. Fraternally Captain Fader is known as 
a member of the blue lodge of Masons and of the local lodges of the Benevo- 
lent Protective Order of Elks and the Loyal Order of Moose. His public 
spirit has found expression in the efficient' service which he rendered his city 
by becoming a member of one of its boards of aldermen in 1908-1909. Captain 
Fader is an optimist, yet a man shrewd and gifted with an extraordinarily sound 
judgment. He has an infinite faith in the future of his adopted city and per- 
sonally has done much to make that future a reality. Wherever movements are 
underway for the promotion of projects along material or intellectual lines he can 
be found in the front ranks of those who are willing to give their share of 
time and money to such projects. New Westminster is proud to call him one 
of her citizens and is grateful for what he has been able to accomplish in her 
behalf. 



CHARLES RANSOME GILBERT. 

Charles Ransome Gilbert is manager of the insurance department of the 

London & British North America Company, Ltd., and there is no phase of the 

insurance business with which he is not familiar He was born in Chicago, 

August 8, 1863, his parents being Charles and Jane Gilbert. The father was one 

of the early merchants of that city and for thirty years was a well known 

member of the Chicago Board of Trade. The public schools of Chicago furnished 

Charles Ransome Gilbert his educational opportunities, and in early manhood he 

left home to find what he believed to be broader and better advantages in the 

west. For three years he followed various pursuits, and then, in 1883, returned 

to Chicago, where he entered the employ of a lumber company. In the fall of 

1887 he went to California, where he engaged in ranching for two years, and 

then turned his attention to the insurance business, with which he has since been 

connected in various capacities. In 1900 he came to Vancouver as secretary of the 

Board of Underwriters, and at that time reorganized the board. Gradually he has 

worked his way upward in the insurance field as he has mastered the business 

in principle and detail, and in 1908 he was appointed to his present position 

as manager of the insurance department of the London & British, North America 

Company, Ltd., which position he has held continuously since. Aside from this 

he has made considerable investments in real estate. Moreover, he was one of 

the first directors of the Horse Show Association of Vancouver and has remained 

director and treasurer of the organization since its inception. 

On the ist of February, 1896, Mr. Gilbert was united in marriage to Miss 
Elizabeth Porter, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Norman Porter, New England 
people who came to the coast at an early day. The only child of this marriage 
is John Porter Gilbert. Mr. Gilbert belongs to the Presbyterian church and is 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 377 

well known in club circles through his membership in the Terminal City, Jericho 
Country and Royal Vancouver Yacht Clubs. His friends and they are many 
find him a genial, courteous gentleman and one to whom opportunity means 
success whether for the benefit of himself or of some public measure. 



JOHN FORBES MAGUIRE. 

A mind at once original, daring and conservative ; a business ability which has 
been developed by many years of active and prominent connection with important 
financial and business interests; an initiative spirit, an administrative power and 
a public spirit embracing interest in numerous and radically different phases of 
municipal development these have brought John Forbes Maguire to a place of 
distinction in Vancouver, where since 1905 he has made his home, and where he 
has thoroughly identified himself with the cause of community advancement and 
development. The city owes to him in large measure the foundation of its Stock 
Exchange, the organization of the great Canadian Club and, along business lines, 
the development of one of the most important manufacturers' agencies in the 
province, besides the great debt incurred through his many substantial contribu- 
tions to general business progress and the effect which his individual success has 
had upon commercial and financial standards. 

Mr. Maguire was born in Dublin, Ireland, on the 2Qth of July, 1856, and is 
a son of the Reverend Thomas and Anne Maguire, and a representative of one 
of the oldest families in the Emerald isle, the clan of Maguire having been prom- 
inent in County Fermanagh since the thirteenth century. The public schools of 
his native city afforded him his educational opportunities, and after he laid aside 
his books at the age of eighteen he became connected with the Cork branch of 
the Bank of Ireland, serving in various capacities and winning rapid advancement, 
finally becoming one of the most trusted representatives of the institution and a 
far-sighted and discriminating financier. From 1892 to 1899 he operated on the 
stock exchange, becoming a member of the exchanges in Dublin and Cork, and he 
became known as an able and successful manipulator, accumulating a large for- 
tune, which, however, was wiped out at the time of the Boer war, when he met 
with heavy financial reverses. Mr. Maguire remained in Ireland until 1905, but 
in that year came to Canada, settling in Vancouver, British Columbia, where he 
established himself in business as a manufacturer's agent, representing English 
manufacturers exclusively. This line of business has since claimed his attention, 
and his prosperity and prominence have increased steadily, his interest being now 
of an extensive and important character. In 1910 the Anglo-British Columbia 
Agency, Ltd., was incorporated in London, the headquarters of the concern, and 
in the same year was licensed in British Columbia, Mr. Maguire being appointed 
managing director of the provincial offices. This position he has held since 
that time and the connection has proved an excellent one for himself and for the 
corporation which he represents. He has used his fine executive and organizing 
ability, his discrimination, foresight and sound judgment as the basis of work 
which has been vital and far-reaching in its effects and which has influenced in an 
important way the industrial, commercial and financial growth of the city. 
During the period of his residence here, Mr. Maguire has not limited his activi- 
ties to one field, but has been a leader of development along many lines, having 
been among the first founders of the Vancouver Stock Exchange and among the 
organizers of the Canadian Club at Vancouver. His interests have all been of a 
constructive character and his work beneficial in its purposes, his well directed 
activities having brought him today to a high position among the men of marked 
ability and substantial worth in the community. 

On the 1 2th of June, 1879, in Cork, Ireland, Mr. Maguire married Miss 
Anna McNamara, a daughter of Richard and Elizabeth McNamara, and they 
have two children, Eileen and Gordon. Eileen Maguire is recognized as the lead- 



378 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

ing contralto in Vancouver and is in great demand as a professional singer, com- 
manding the highest prices. Her brother Gordon is an automobile expert and 
well known in this capacity in the city. Both have before them promising careers 
and have already upheld the reputation of the family for superior work along 
lines which claim their interest. Another well known representative of the 
Maguire family is John F. Maguire's brother, Dr. Miller Maguire, who is a fel- 
low of the Royal Historical Society and a member of the bars of England and 
Ireland. He is also a member of the Inns of Temple London Volunteers and has 
received the Order of the Rising Sun, conferred upon him by the emperor of 
Japan in recognition of the services which he rendered that country through his 
book on the Russo-Japanese war. 

Fraternally John Forbes Maguire is connected with the Masonic order, hold- 
ing membership in an English lodge, and he still retains his interest in football, 
to which he gave a great deal of time in early life. He is an old international 
rugby player, having "got his cap" for Ireland in 1884, and before leaving his 
native country was president of the Irish Rugby Union. He is an excellent 
type of the present-day business man, modern in his views, progressive in his ideas 
and possessed of that public spirit which makes his individual success a factor 
in community development. He is well and favorably known in Vancouver, and 
is undoubtedly one of the most eminent and successful men of the city, his name 
being held in high regard and honor wherever it is known. 



HOWARD PAGE CARPER. 

A man whose executive ability, progressive spirit and power of organization 
and control have been important elements in his rapid rise to prosperity and 
prominence in business circles of Vancouver is Howard Page Carper, president 
of Thompson & Carper, Limited, and connected with other important corporate 
interests in different parts of Canada. He was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, 
April 24, 1879, and is a son of Page and Emma Carper, the former a pioneer 
railroad man in that province. 

The public schools of Winnipeg afforded Howard P. Carper his early educa- 
tional opportunities and he afterward entered Manitoba University, from which 
he was graduated with the degree of B. A. in 1900 and later with the degree 
of LL. B. Afterward he read law with Aikins, Culver & Pitblado in Winnipeg 
and was called to the Manitoba bar in 1903. He was alone in the practice in his 
native city for six years, after which he became a partner in the firm of Potts, 
Carper & Thompson, barristers. This became a strong and reliable law firm and 
was connected with a great deal of important litigation, their clientage being 
representative and extensive. The partnership existed until the death of Mr. 
Potts in 1911, when it was dissolved, the firm of Thompson & Carper, Limited, 
being afterward formed with headquarters at Vancouver. They established 
themselves in this city as investment brokers and dealers in farm, timber and 
coal lands and Mr. Carper was made president, a position which he still holds. 
The company controls a large investment brokerage business and its interests 
along all lines are extensive, it being one of the largest and most important of 
its kind in the city. As its head Mr. Carper has constant demands upon his tact, 
his executive ability and general efficiency demands which are always met fully 
and completely, the success of the institution being in a large measure due to him. 
His ability and force have naturally carried him forward into other important 
business relations and he is now president of the Manitoba Timber Company, 
Limited, of Winnipeg, and a director in the Canadian Western Electric Company, 
connections which indicate something of the importance of his business standing 
and the scope and variety of his interests. 

At Portage la Prairie, Manitoba, on the loth of September, 1906, Mr. Carper 
was united in marriage to Miss Leila Mawhinney, a daughter of William and 




HOWARD P. CARPER 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 381 

Isabel Mawhinney, pioneers in that part of the province. Mr. and Mrs. Carper 
have two children, Gordon Howard and Margery Isabel. 

Mr. Carper is a member of the Assiniboine Club of Winnipeg and the 
Carleton Club of the same city. He is a liberal in his political views and fra- 
ternally is identified with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Knights 
of Pythias. A man of more than ordinary ability and energy, he has attained 
the enviable place which he now occupies in business and social circles of Van- 
couver by his own resourcefulness, progressive spirit and firm determination 
qualities in his character which form the basis of his success. He is a member 
of the Methodist church and is a man who commands and holds the confidence 
and high regard of all who are in any way associated with him. 






THEODORE MACFARLANE KNAPPEN. 

Theodore Macfarlane Knappen, late manager and secretary of the Coquitlam 
Terminal Company, possesses a spirit of enterprise that recognizes opportunity 
and utilizes it to its full extent. His efforts and activities in the field of real 
estate have led to the settlement and susbtantial improvement of various sections 
of western Canada, which, indeed, owes much to his efforts in inducing immigra- 
tion to this part of the country. Mr. Knappen realized how valuable conditions 
here could become and set to work to induce his fellow countrymen to improve 
the opportunity of becoming residents of western Canada. He was born in 
Poynette, Wisconsin, October 23, 1871, a son of Theodore and Sarah Knappen. 
Following the removal of the family to Minnesota he pursued his education in the 
public schools of that state and in the University of Minnesota, from which he 
was graduated with the class of 1891, winning the Bachelor of Arts degree. 
After about two years as civil engineer in Washington and Montana he turned 
his attention to the newspaper business in Minneapolis, spending about fifteen 
years in that city and St. Paul, during which time he was connected with every 
department of newspaper publication. This proved an excellent training school 
for his later work when he came to exploit the advantages and opportunities of 
the west. His initial step in this direction was made when he accepted the office 
of secretary and general manager of the Western Canadian Immigration Associ- 
ation. In fact, he practically organized this body after he entered its employ 
and mapped out its work, the purposes of the association being to educate the 
people of the United States concerning the advantages of settling in Canada 
He made his headquarters largely in Winnipeg, and here his newspaper experi- 
ence served him in good stead, for he was active in the promotion of publicity in 
American periodicals, exploiting the interests and opportunities of the country. 
It was a logical step from that business into the land business and incidentally he 
acquired large holdings in British Columbia, as he saw opportunity for judicious 
investments. When the Coquitlam Terminal Company was organized in 1911 
he was called upon to take up the management of the business, and was also 
elected secretary of the company. He was for two years most active in control 
of its affairs, thoroughly understands every phase of the real-estate business, and 
in exploiting its interests contributed to public progress as well as to individual 
prosperity. He is a director in a number of local business corporations and 
companies in western Canada besides others in the United States. 

On the ist of July, 1896, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, Mr. Knappen was united 
in marriage to Miss Nellie Cross, a daughter of Judson N. and Clara (Norton) 
Cross, representatives of old New England families. The father was a veteran of 
the Civil war, in which he served with the rank of captain. Mr. and Mrs. 
Knappen are the parents of three children, Judson, Theodore, Jr., and Phoebe. 
The parents are members of St. George's Anglican church. He has various fra- 
ternal and club relations, belonging to the Psi Upsilon of the University of Minne- 
sota and the famous American honorary society, the Phi Beta Kappa, of the 



382 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

University of Minnesota. He also belongs to the Vancouver Golf Club, the 
Progress Club, the University Club and the Terminal City Club of Vancouver, 
and to the Commercial Club of Minneapolis. He has a wide acquaintance in 
leading cities on each side of the border. The characteristic American enterprise 
is manifest in all that he undertakes, and in exploiting the interests of western 
Canada he has not only won substantial success for himself but has also greatly 
promoted the interests of this section of the country. 



THOMAS EDWARD ATKINS. 

Thomas Edward Atkins, a Vancouver capitalist whose name has figured 
prominently in connection with the drug trade, the lumber business and with saw- 
milling and salmon-packing industries, as well as with extensive real-estate 
operations, belongs to that class of representative men who in advancing indi- 
vidual interests have also contributed to public progress through the utiliza- 
tion of the natural resources of the country and through the establishment of 
growing business activities. He was born in Truro, Nova Scotia, January 24, 
1857, and is a son of John Milner and Mary (Yuill) Atkins, the former a son of 
Thomas E. Atkins, who came to Canada from England, settling at Bytown, now 
the city of Ottawa, Ontario, and later removed to Quebec, where he was in the 
service of the Dominion government until his death. His son, John M. Atkins, 
was born in Bytown and was there reared and educated untfl he accompanied his 
parents on their removal to Quebec. In 1852, when a young man, he took 
passage on a sailing vessel for Australia, attracted by the news of the discoverey 
of gold in that country. The vessel was wrecked in Miramichi Bay and he barely 
escaped with his life, losing all his possessions. Making his way to New Bruns- 
wick, he there engaged in teaching for a time and afterward went to Nova 
Scotia, settling at Truro, where he married and continued to reside for a long 
period. He was engaged in mercantile pursuits until 1895, when he disposed 
of his interests in the east and came to Vancouver, where he lived retired until 
his death. His wife, who bore the maiden name of Mary Yuill, was descended 
from ancestors who came from Fifeshire, Scotland, and settled in Nova Scotia. 
Mrs. Atkins accompanied her husband to British Columbia and her last days 
were also passed in Vancouver. 

Thomas E. Atkins was educated in the schools of Truro, Nova Scotia, and in 
1870 he entered upon an apprenticeship to his uncle, who was engaged in the 
retail drug business in Truro. After the completion of a five years' apprentice- 
ship he spent one year in his uncle's employ and in 1877 went to Montreal, 
where he attended lectures and passed the necessary examinations that won him 
his certificate to engage in the drug business as a registered pharmacist in the 
province of Quebec. This was in 1878. He afterward went to Halifax, Nova 
Scotia, to manage the retail drug business of Forsythe, Sutcliffe & Company, 
with whom he remained for a year, when in 1879 ne removed to Londonderry, 
Nova Scotia, and embarked in the retail drug business on his own account at 
the Londonderry iron mines. There he remained for a decade, or until 1889, 
when he sold his interests. During his residence there he was postmaster for 
seven years. In 1889 ne came to Vancouver and entered the real-estate business, 
in which he engaged for six months, after which he established a drug store on 
Hastings street, conducting it under the name of Medical Hall. In the spring of 
1892 he was joined by his brother, John M. Atkins, and they continued in busi- 
ness as Atkins & Atkins until 1895, when they amalgamated their interests with 
H. McDowell and H. H. Watson. The new enterprise was incorporated as The 
McDowell- Atkins-Watson Company. The business grew to large proportions and 
they operated a chain of ten drug stores in Vancouver. In 1902 this company 
amalgamated with Henderson Brothers, wholesale druggists, and continued the 
wholesale and retail interests, both being carried on under the same titles as 




THOMAS E. ATKINS 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 385 

before the amalgamation until 1907, when they sold to the National Drug Com- 
pany. Mr. Atkins then retired from the drug business and has since devoted his 
time to the management of his various investments. He has been largely inter- 
ested in lumber, in sawmilling and salmon packing industries, and has also 
carried on extensive real-estate operations. In association with J. W. Weart, he 
organized the Metropolitan Building Company, Ltd., which erected the Metro- 
politan building on Hastings street, West. This is one of the finest office build- 
ings in the city. Since that time he has been secretary of the company and 
practically manager of the building. The business affairs which have claimed 
the time and energies of Mr. Atkins have been extensive and important. Starting 
out in life in a comparatively humble way, he has steadily advanced and his de- 
veloping powers and awakened energies have carried him into important rela- 
tions, so that he is classed today with Vancouver's leading capitalists. 

On the 24th of November, 1880, in Londonderry, Nova Scotia, Mr. Atkins 
was united in marriage to Miss Jennie C. Crowe, a daughter of James McKinney 
Crowe, of Onslow, Nova Scotia. Mr. Atkins is a thirty-second degree Mason 
and has been very active in Masonic circles. He has passed through the chair in 
North Star Lodge, No. 74, A. F. & A. M., Nova Scotia; Keith Chapter, 
R. A. M., Truro, Nova Scotia, and Columbia Preceptory No. 34, K. T. He is 
likewise a noble of the Mystic Shrine and a member of the Independent Order of 
Foresters. He belongs to the Terminal City Club, of which he served as presi- 
dent for three years, is a conservative in politics, and attends St. Andrew's Pres- 
byterian church. In these different affiliations and connections are to be found 
the principles and rules which govern his conduct. He stands as a man among 
men capable, alert, enterprising and progressive, his life history indicating what 
can be accomplished when there is a will to dare and to do. 



SYDNEY RICHMOND MARGETSON. 

It is readily conceded that the man who promotes real-estate transactions influ- 
ences public growth in a vital degree, and, considered in that light, Sydney 
Richmond Margetson has done much towards the upbuilding of Vancouver, 
where he is widely and favorably known as a real-estate dealer in connection 
with the firm of Margetson Brothers. Born in London, England, October 12, 
1877, he is a son of William Parker and Mary Ann (Beazley) Margetson, both 
natives of London. The father emigrated to Manitoba, where he made his home 
for three years, and died in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1904. The mother has 
also passed away. 

Sydney Richmond Margetson received his education in the public schools of 
the world's metropolis, and in 1895, when eighteen years of age, came to Canada 
and engaged in farming near the city of Winnipeg. In 1900 his patriotic spirit 
led him to go to South Africa, where he served for three years in the South 
African Constabulary as district quartermaster sergeant. Returning to Winni- 
peg in 1904, he there remained until coming to Vancouver in 1906. Upon his 
arrival in this city he entered the employ of Waghorn, Gwynn & Company, with 
whom he continued for four years. In the fall of 1910, with his brother, R. A. 
P. Margetson, he formed the firm of Margetson Brothers, and they engaged in 
the real-estate, loan and insurance business, operating in Vancouver and its 
suburbs. Their business efforts have been attended by gratifying success from 
the start, and their business connections have ever since increased in volume and 
importance. In the same year they organized The Strathspey Land & Investment 
Company, Ltd., of which our subject became president and managing director. 
It has an authorized and fully paid-up capital of fifty thousand dollars and a 
reserve fund of six thousand dollars. In the three years since its incorporation 
the company has paid a dividend of twenty-eight per cent, and created a reserve 
fund of twelve per cent., and has carried forward four and a half per cent., 



386 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

making its total net earnings forty-four and a half per cent, for that period. 
They deal in real estate, loans and mortgages. The above showing of their 
splendid growth is largely due to the accurate judgment, sound business policy 
and fair measures of the two brothers. In March, 1912, Mr. Margetson organ- 
ized the Seafield Investment Company, Ltd., of which he is also president and 
managing director. Margetson Brothers manage much rental-bearing property, 
and they have introduced a great deal of English capital into this city and vicinity. 
They have subdivisions in Point Grey, South Vancouver and North Vancouver. 

In March, 1909, in Vancouver, Mr. Margetson was united in marriage to Miss 
Jean Frances Osborne MacDonald, a daughter of the late Colonel Allan 
MacDonald, of Winnipeg. They have two children, Allan Richmond and Enid 
Mary. Although never active in political circles Mr. Margetson is deeply inter- 
ested in the public progress of his community. He gives his adherence to the 
conservative party. He is a notary public for the province of British Columbia. 
Among the social organizations in which he holds membership are the Canadian, 
Progress and British Columbia Golf and Country Clubs, the latter connection 
giving an indication as to his preference in regard to recreation. His religion 
is that of the Church of England, and he is a member of St. Paul's church of 
Vancouver. Since making Vancouver his home he has made rapid progress in the 
right direction and has been instrumental in bringing to life a number of important 
organizations which have largely taken part in the development of the city. He 
has therefore become a forceful element in the community and is highly respected 
and esteemed by all, as it is readily conceded that the public weal plays as impor- 
tant a role in his life as the promotion of his private interests. 



JAMES ERNEST SPANKIE, M. D. 

This is an age of specialization. Investigation and research have so 
broadened the field of knowledge that it is impossible for any single individual 
to become an expert in all lines of medical and surgical practice, and therefore 
after attaining the basic principles it is usual for the individual to concentrate 
his efforts upon one or more lines, thereby attaining marked proficiency in 
his chosen field. In accordance with this custom Dr. James Ernest Spankie 
has given his attention more specially to surgery and the diseases of women and 
in both displays notable skill. He has been a resident of British Columbia 
since 1899, arriving here when a young man of about twenty-eight years. His 
birth occurred at Kingston, Ontario, September 22, 1871, his parents being 
William and Margaret Spankie. The father was proprietor of a hotel in 
Kingston, Ontario, in what was known as the old hay market, and it was in 
that hotel that the late Sir John A. MacDonald held his first political meeting. 

After attending the public schools of his native city Dr. Spankie entered the 
Queen's University at Kingston and was graduated in 1891 with the degree of 
M. D., C. M. Following his removal to the west in 1896 he practiced for three 
years as assistant to Dr. R. G. Brett at Banff, Alberta. In 1899 ne went to 
Greenwood, British Columbia, and practiced in that mining camp for a decade. 
In 1909 he came to Vancouver, where he has since remained, and although 
he practices to some extent in a general way, he specializes in surgery and 
diseases of women and his knowledge along those lines has made him particularly 
skilful and successful. To some extent he has invested in Vancouver realty 
but otherwise concentrates his energies upon his professional duties. 

On the 24th of June, 1903, Dr. Spankie was married at Yonkers, New 
York, to Miss Grace Isabel Mulligan, a daughter of John and Isabel Mulligan. 
The father was a prominent lodge man of New York city, being an organizer 
of Masonic and other lodges. Dr. and Mrs. Spankie have a son, Donald F. 

The Doctor is a conservative in politics but has never been an office* 
seeker. He holds membership in Melrose Lodge, A. F. & A. M., of Vancouver, 




DR. JAMES E. 1SPANKIE 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 389 

the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Knights of Pythias, the Fraternal 
Order of Eagles and the Canadian Order of Chosen Friends at Kingston, 
Ontario. He is likewise a member of the University Club of Vancouver. 
He is a man of broad general information, well' informed concerning all the 
vital and significant questions of the day, and he is a worthy addition to the 
citizenship as well as to the professional circles of the northwest. 



FRANK LLEWELLYN GWILLIM. 

Prominent among the barristers of Vancouver is Frank Llewellyn Gwillim, 
practicing in this city as a member of the firm of Gwillim, Crisp & Mackay. 
Mr. Gwillim is a native of England, born in Herefordshire, July 6, 1870, a son of 
James and Olivia Maria (Spencer) Gwillim, and a representative of an old 
English family. He began his education in the public and private schools of his 
native country, and in 1882 came to Canada, locating in Manitoba, where he 
completed his studies in the public schools. Having determined to make the 
practice of law his life work, he was in 1890 articled to William White, K. C., 
now living retired in London, England. Three years later he was called to the 
bar of the Northwest Territories, and in 1897 was made a member of the Mani- 
toba bar. In the same year he came to the Kootenay district, British Columbia, 
and was admitted to the bar there as solicitor, going in the following year to the 
Yukon district, where he resumed the practice of his profession, forming a 
partnership with Frederick George Crisp under the firm name of Gwillim & Crisp, 
Mr. Gwillim having the distinction of being the first public administrator in the 
Yukon territory. Mr. Gwillim left the Yukon in 1906 and came to Vancouver, 
leaving his partner in Alaska to look after the interests of the firm there. He 
was called to the bar of British Columbia in the same year, and in 1908 was 
joined by Mr. Crisp. They continued under the former name until 1911, when 
John S. Mackay was taken into partnership, the firm style being now Gwillim, 
Crisp & Mackay. Mr. Gwillim gives a great deal of his time to his law practice, 
but is also connected with a great many of the leading corporate concerns of 
British Columbia. 

Mr. Gwillim gives his political allegiance to the conservative party, but is not 
active in politics, although interested in the growth and progress of the city where 
he makes his home. He holds membership in the Vancouver Club and in the 
Shaughnessy Heights Golf Club and fraternally is connected with the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, the Ancient Order of United Workmen and the 
Sons of England Benevolent Society. His religious views are in accord with the 
doctrines of the Anglican church. 



RICHARD EVANS. 

The rapid growth of Vancouver has made real-estate operations a fruitful 
d and the character of the city has been largely determined by the work of the 
real-estate dealers, who have so controlled and directed affairs that substantial 
improvement and attractive adornment have been features in the upbuilding 
of Vancouver. It is along this line that Richard Evans is putting forth earnest, 
effective effort and an increasing annual clientage has made him one of the 
successful real-estate men of the city. He was born in County Waterford, 
Ireland, January 9, 1869, and his parents, John and Ann (Hanrahan) Evans, 
were also natives of the Emerald isle. The mother is deceased, but the father 
lives in County Waterford. 

Richard Evans began his education in the public schools of his native county 
and pursued his higher studies in the Christian Brothers College. He then 



390 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

learned the barber's trade and followed that and other pursuits since coming to 
Canada in 1892, when he crossed the Atlantic to Halifax, thinking to find better 
and broader opportunities in the new world. He followed the barber's trade in 
Halifax for about six years or until 1898, when he- came to Vancouver, after 
which he engaged in various lines of business until 1903, when he entered the 
real-estate field. He was the first real-estate agent and notary public south of 
False creek. He has continued in this business for ten years and now has a well 
appointed office at No. 2115 South Granville street. He was also city agent for 
the Scottish Union and National Insurance Company for eight years and he 
served for more than seven years in the King's Liverpool Regiment of the 
British army and resigned with complimentary letters from his colonel. 

On the i6th of July, 1894, in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Mr. Evans was united in 
marriage to Miss Elizabeth Boutilier, a native of Nova Scotia, and they have 
become the parents of ten children, of whom the following are living: Mary 
Agnes, a graduate of St. Ann's Academy of Vancouver; Charles Edward, now 
finishing his studies at Gonzaga University of Washington ; Annie Isabel, who also 
graduated from St. Ann's Academy of Vancouver ; William Frederick ; Ella Eliza- 
beth ; Constance Grace ; and Laura Winifred. All of the children are yet at home 
with the exception of Charles Edward. The family are adherents of the Catholic 
faith and Mr. Evans belongs to the Knights of Columbus. He holds the high 
office of state chief ranger in the Catholic Order of Foresters, which is the chief 
office in the northwest, taking in the states of Washington, Idaho and the 
province of British Columbia. In politics he is a liberal but not an active 
worker in party ranks, preferring to concentrate his energies upon his busi- 
ness affairs, which by reason of his careful guidance and enterprise are growing 
in volume and importance. 



ALAN THOMAS MORROW. 

Alan Thomas Morrow has made a thorough study of the distilling business 
in principle and detail and upon his efficiency and knowledge has based a suc- 
cess which places him among the leading representatives of this line of work 
in New Westminster, where he makes his home. He is a member of the board 
of directors and acts as superintendent of the British Columbia Distilling Com- 
pany here and the duties of these important positions are fulfilled creditably 
and ably, Mr. Morrow's work being an important factor in the growth of the 
enterprise. He was born in Prescott, Ontario, on the 2Oth of March, 1859. 
and is a son of John and Ann (Carruthers) Morrow, the former a native of 
Belfast, Ireland, and the latter of Ontario. John Morrow crossed the Atlantic 
with his parents when he was still a child and settled in Ontario, where he grew 
to manhood. He came to British Columbia in 1859, leaving his family behind, 
intending to return for them when he had established him&elf in business. He 
did make the return journey to the east, but his death occurred before his wife 
and children had removed to this province. He and his father before had been 
engaged in the distilling business, but prior to his demise, John Morrow was 
appointed to the internal revenue department of the provincial government, 
serving ably and creditably until his death. 

Alan Thomas Morrow was reared at home and attended grammar and 
high school in Prescott, Ontario. From his childhood he has been familiar 
with the distilling business, for as early as his sixteenth year he found employ- 
ment in the distillery in his home town, learning the rudiments of the work 
and becoming familiar with methods and details. Success came rapidly but 
he had determined that if he were to follow this line of business as a life 
work he must be more completely equipped for the duties before him, and he 
accordingly resigned his position and began an apprenticeship at the building and 
millwrighting trade, studying these especially from the distiller's point of view 




ALAN T. MORROW 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 393 

and with special reference to distillery construction. During his term of proba- 
tion he received a wage of eleven dollars per month and was obliged to pay 
for his own board and lodgings, but he had the advantage of working under 
some of the most skilled mechanics and draughtsmen in the province, making 
the best use of his opportunities and becoming proficient in both branches 
himself. After completing his apprenticeship he worked as a journeyman 
builder for three years and then in 1886 took the contract to build the distillery 
at Hamilton, Ontario. Before this plant was completed, Mr. Morrow was 
offered by the company a permanent position as its superintendent and this he 
accepted, remaining in that capacity until 1904 and accomplishing during that 
time a great deal of far-sighted, capable and constructive work. He eventually 
resigned and came to British Columbia, settling in New Westminster, where 
he superintended the erection of the British Columbia Distilling Company's 
plant, built upon a tract of land which was then nothing but a brush plot. Mr. 
Morrow let the contracts, planned the buildings and superintended their con- 
struction, the completed building proving modern, sanitary and adequate to 
every demand made upon it. After it was finished Mr. Morrow remained as 
superintendent and in this capacity he has acted for the past nine years, his 
fitness for the position being evidenced in the excellent results which have 
constantly followed his labors. He understands the distilling business thor- 
oughly and has built success upon efficiency until today he is a recognized 
authority upon everything connected not only with distillery construction but 
with the best methods of developing and carrying forward the business. His 
reputation extends far beyond provincial bounds, for he is well known through- 
out the Dominion, his name standing for ability, sagacity and integrity qualities 
upon which all of his success is founded. 

Mr. Morrow married in 1886 Miss Mary Bolton of Prescott, Ontario, and 
they became the parents of three sons, two of whom, George J. and Alan T., 
Jr., survive and make their home with their parents. Mr. Morrow is a member 
of Amity Lodge No. 80, I. O. O. F., of Prescott, Ontario, having joined that 
organization in 1880. He is a member of the Westminster Club and is a con- 
servative in politics, taking an active interest in the development and growth of 
the city and giving his cooperation and hearty support to many measures for the 
public good. He is one of the leading business men of the community and his 
prominence and success are well deserved and have always been worthily 
used. 



MAURICE GINTZBURGER. 

Maurice Gintzburger, a successful real-estate dealer of Vancouver, came to 
this section of the province in pioneer times, met with many of the experiences 
and hardships incident to frontier life, and has been an interested witness of the 
changes which have since occurred, bringing the city to its present prosperous 
condition. He has also in the interim been connected with mining interests of 
the northwest. He was born in Neuchatel, Switzerland, February 14, 1867, a son 
of Nephtali Gintzburger, a native of Alsace, Germany, who was a watch manu- 
facturer in Switzerland for many years. He died in France in 1912. 

In the public schools of Neuchatel and of Germany Maurice Gintzburger 
pursued his education, and upon completing his studies went to eastern France 
where he became a clerk in a wholesale dry-goods house, there remaining 
for three years. The opportunities and advantages of the new world attracted 
him. and on the expiration of that period he came to Vancouver by way of Liver- 
pool and Halifax. It required thirteen days to make the trip from the latter 
city to Vancouver, where he arrived in February, 1887. The work of progress 
and improvement was still in its incipiency here. He took up a preemption 
dm, which is now district lot No. 787 of the present city of North Vancouver, 



394 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

and there planted three hundred fruit trees, mostly apples. He made his home 
upon that tract, but in order to earn a living while waiting for his fruit to come 
into bearing he crossed to Vancouver each day, where he engaged in unloading tea 
ships and in coaling them for the return trip. He was also employed on the 
foundation of the old Bank of Montreal building, where the Union Bank of 
Canada now stands. In the fall of 1887 he entered the employ of Oppenheimer 
Brothers, wholesale grocers, with whom he continued for eight years, a fact 
indicative of his faithful service, his capability and his trustworthiness. During 
that period he carefully saved his earnings until his industry and economy had 
brought him sufficient capital to enable him to engage in business on his own 
account. He then began dealing in tobacco as a retail merchant, continuing in 
that line for two years. In 1897 the gold discoveries attracted him and he went 
to the West Kootenay, where he engaged in mining, organizing the Monitor & 
Ajax Traction, Ltd., operating silver and lead mines in the Slocan district of 
West Kootenay, where he continued for a decade. In 1907 he returned to 
Vancouver and engaged in the real-estate business, in which he has since con- 
tinued, operating in Vancouver and North Vancouver, where he has handled vari- 
ous properties and negotiated many important realty transfers. He has made 
himself thoroughly acquainted with real-estate values, knows what is upon the 
market, and has been enabled to control transactions to the satisfaction of purchas- 
ers and sellers alike. 

In Vancouver, on the 29th of September, 1898, Mr. Gintzburger was united in 
marriage to Miss Henrietta Robinson, a daughter of Louis Robinson, a well 
known retired pioneer and merchant tailor of Vancouver. Mr. Gintzburger is 
a conservative but is never active in party circles. He belongs to Mount Hermon 
Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and is well known in that organization and through his 
business connections. While he came to Canada a poor man he has gradually 
worked his way upward, and the energy, industry and perseverance which he has 
displayed have gained for him a place among the substantial residents of this 
section. 



MILES PENNER COTTON. 

Miles Penner Cotton, a civil engineer of Vancouver, was born in Kings- 
ton, Ontario, on the I4th of June, 1878, a son of Brigadier General William 
Henry Cotton and his wife Jessie (Penner) Cotton, the former a native of 
Ottawa, Ontario, and the latter of Lachine, Quebec. They were married in 
Kingston, Ontario, and the father, who has always been in the military service, 
is now inspector general of the Canadian militia, residing in Ottawa. 

Miles P. Cotton supplemented his public-school training by a course in 
Queen's University at Kingston, where he pursued a course in civil engineer- 
ing and applied science. He then entered the engineering department of the 
Canadian Pacific Railway, continuing with that corporation for ten years on 
the construction of the Crow's Nest Railway, the Columbia & Western 
Railway and other branch lines in Manitoba and the western provinces. In 
1906 he resigned his position with the Canadian Pacific and engaged in rail- 
road contracting on his own account. After starting out independently he 
was awarded various contracts in Manitoba and Saskatchewan for the Canadian 
Pacific Railway. In the spring of 1907 he came to Vancouver and was super- 
intendent of construction on the Victoria Vancouver Eastern Railway, a divis- 
ion of the Great Northern. Early in 1908 he turned his attention to the general 
contracting business in Vancouver, and in the spring of 1909 formed the M. P. 
Cotton Company, Ltd., of which he is the president. They built the Shaugh- 
nessy Heights improvements for the Canadian Pacific Railway, and are still 
carrying on this undertaking. They also constructed the paved freight yards 
for that line and did much paving in Victoria in the Uplands district. They 




MILES P. COTTON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 397 

also had the contract for the North Vancouver ferry wharf, the first reinforced 
concrete wharf in British Columbia. They built the Little Mountain reservoir 
for Vancouver, which is to be known as "King George V. Reservoir." They 
did all the work on the Tusquillam new railroad yards and built the Canadian 
Pacific terminal at that place. Mr. Cotton is also the president of the Mainland 
Iron Works and Progressive Steamboat Company and vice president of the 
J. A. Dewar Company, Ltd. He belongs to the Canadian Society of Civil 
Engineers and to the American Society of Civil Engineers. He holds to high 
standards in his profession and is careful to conform his practice to the strictest 
professional ethics. 

In Christ church, Ottawa, Ontario, April 26, 1905, was performed the 
marriage ceremony which united the destinies of Mr. Cotton and Miss Cecil 
Maud Gorrell, of Ottawa. They have two children: Henry Ferguson and 
Catherine Mary. Mr. Cotton greatly enjoys shooting and all manly outdoor 
sports. At the age of nine years he entered the Fourteenth Battalion as a 
bugler and retired at the age of twenty-one with the rank of first lieutenant 
of the Kingston Field Battery. He belongs to Western Gate Lodge, A. F. & 
A. M., and is an Anglican in religious faith, holding membership in St. Paul's 
church, of which he was chosen warden in 1912. He is likewise a member 
of the Vancouver Club, University Club and the Shaughnessy Heights Golf 
Club, and his attractive social qualities have won him a circle of friends almost 
coextensive with the circle of his acquaintance. He is also a member of the 
Union Club of Victoria. He is widely known in professional connections and 
his business is constantly growing in volume and importance. 



GEORGE WILLIAM EDWARDS. 

George William Edwards, prominently connected with business interests of 
Vancouver as a member of the firm of Edwards Brothers, dealers in photographic 
supplies, was born in Brighton, Ontario, on the i6th of March, 1867, and is a son 
of Edgar Waller and Melora (Neyle) Edwards, the former a native of Suffolk, 
England, who came to Canada in 1858, locating in Hastings county, Ontario, 
where he conducted general stores at Sterling and Campbellford. He remained 
active in the management of these enterprises until 1867, and then moved to 
Brighton, where for three years, he engaged in the milling business, removing at 
the end of that time to Belleville, Ontario. In that city he turned his attention 
to gardening and fruit raising, occupations which claimed his interest until 1891, 
when he retired and moved to Vancouver, where he resided until his death, 
which occurred in 1903. His wife survives him and makes her home in this city. 

George W. Edwards acquired his education in the grammar and high schools 
of Belleville, Ontario, and after laying aside his books learned photography and 
engaged in that work there for a number of years. He afterward followed the 
same line of occupation in various parts of Ontario until 1887, in which year 
he located in Waterloo, that province, opening a studio, in which he did a great 
deal of artistic photography, gaining a reputation on account of the excellent 
quality of the work which he turned out. He remained in Waterloo until 1891, 
and came in that year to British Columbia, settling in Vancouver, where in asso- 
ciation with his brother he organized the firm of Edwards Brothers, opening a 
large photographic gallery in this city. At that time and for a number of years 
thereafter there was no regular photographic and art supply store in Vancouver, 
and Edwards Brothers began handling this line of goods, their stock being at first 
comparatively small and designed only to supply their own needs. With the 
advent of the kodak and other varieties of hand cameras and the resulting general 
interest in the art of photography the demand for supplies became greater and 
finally grew to such proportions that Edwards Brothers, being pioneers in this 
line, found their business expanding so rapidly that it eventually outgrew that 



398 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

done in the photographic gallery. This latter department was, therefore, dis- 
continued, the brothers concentrating their attention upon the camera and photo- 
graphic supply store, and from this beginning grew the large concern of this 
character of which they are at the head today. They control a lucrative and 
important trade, and because they understand their business thoroughly in prin- 
ciple and detail have been very successful in its conduct. A great deal of the credit 
for this gratifying result is due to George William Edwards, who is a capable, 
far-sighted and progressive business man and very able in systematizing, con- 
trolling and coordinating his important business affairs. 

On the 24th of August, 1898, Mr. Edwards married, in Vancouver, Miss 
Rosalind Webling, a daughter of Richard Webling, of London, England, and a 
sister of Peggy Webling, the novelist and dramatist, whose recent work, a 
dramatization of Kingsley's Westward Ho! has attracted widespread admiration 
and approval. Mr. and Mrs. Edwards are the parents of three children, Lucy, 
Ruskin and Florence. Mr. Edwards is interested in the growth and welfare of 
Vancouver, where he has resided since 1891, making during the intervening 
period substantial contributions to its commercial progress. As a business man 
he has an unassailable record, for throughout his business life he has made steady 
and substantial advancement, never taking advantage of the necessities of others 
in a business transaction, and at all times he has borne an unsullied reputation for 
commercial probity. He is widely and favorably known throughout Vancouver, 
and his qualites are such as have gained for him an important and enviable posi- 
tion in the business and social life of the city. 



GEORGE ALEXANDER. 

British Columbia numbers among its representative and deservedly successful 
pioneer citizens George Alexander, who since 1878 has made his home in the 
province and has witnessed practically its entire expansion and development, 
bearing an honorable and worthy part in the work of upbuilding. Since he was 
twenty-one years of age he has been in some way connected with the fishing 
business and has been a force in the development of this industry in New West- 
minster and in Vancouver, basing upon long experience and thorough and detailed 
knowledge a success which places him today in the front ranks of substantial 
and representative business men. He is known as the founder and organizer of 
the Great West Packing Company and to his genius and organizing power this 
concern owes both its existence and its continued growth. Mr. Alexander was 
born in Fovern Parish, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, August 8, 1844, and is a son of 
David and Katherine (McBain) Alexander, both natives of that locality, where 
the father engaged in farming during his active life. The parents never left 
Aberdeenshire and passed away there. 

In the Fovern Parish school George Alexander acquired his education and 
he remained in Scotland for some years after laying aside his books. At the age 
of twenty-one he began fishing on the coast and he later followed that business 
in England. In 1878 he came to British Columbia and was thus among the early 
settlers in the province, which has remained his home continuously since that time. 
He settled in New Westminster and engaged in the fishing industry there, working 
at that occupation in summers and at shingle making and lumbering during the 
winter months. In 1893 in company with R. V. Winch and D. S. Hennessey he 
organized the Canadian Pacific Packing Company, Limited, Mr. Winch acting 
as manager during the first three years, after which Mr. Alexander assumed the 
duties of that office, continuing as such for six years and proving capable, dis- 
criminating and far-sighted in the discharge of his duties. At the end of that time 
the company disposed of their interests to the British Columbia Packers' Asso- 
ciation, with whom Mr. Alexander remained connected as a district manager for 
four years thereafter. In the spring of 1906 he resigned this position and 




GEORGE ALEXANDER 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 401 

organized the Great West Packing Company, assuming the duties of manager, 
which he has discharged capably and carefully ever since that time. The plant 
is located at Steveston, on the Eraser river, and is a large, well equipped and 
well managed institution, being classed among the most important of the com- 
munity's industrial resources. Mr. Alexander has given a great deal of time to 
its direction and control and, thoroughly understanding the fishing business in 
principle and detail, has been very successful, being recognized in Vancouver 
and in other localities where his interests are important as a far-sighted, dis- 
criminating and reliable business man. He is in addition commissioner and 
supervisor of the West Lulu Island Diking System. 

In Vancouver, on the 26th of January, 1892, Mr. Alexander was united in 
marriage to Miss Elsie Smith, also a native of Aberdeenshire, Scotland. They 
have become the parents of four children : George, at home ; Elsie, who is study- 
ing piano and violin in London, England; and Adelaide and Katherine Anne, 
also at home. 

Mr. Alexander is a member of St. John's Presbyterian church and was a 
member of the building committee during the construction of the church edifice. 
He is independent in his political views, voting for men and measures rather 
than for parties and taking an active and intelligent interest in the affairs of the 
community, where since pioneer times his name has been honored and respected 
wherever it is known. 



JAMES A. GREENE. 

James A. Greene, engaged in the undertaking business in Vancouver under 
the firm style of Greene & Merkley, was born in Matteawan, New York, July 29, 
1864. His great-great-grandfather, James Greene, was a commissioned officer 
in the British army, fought under General Wolfe, and was given a large grant 
of land in Quebec, where he lived for many years. One of his sons, Benjamin 
Greene, removed to the state of New York. The grandfather, Henry Greene, was 
born in Matteawan, Dutchess county, New York, and there spent his entire life. 
The father was also a native of Dutchess county, and for many years was fore- 
man in the plant of the Schenk Manufacturing Company, manufacturers of wood 
working machinery. He was also at one time foreman for the Singer Sewing 
Machine Company, but is now living retired at Matteawan, surviving his wife 
who passed away March 17, 1906. She bore the maiden name of Margaret D. 
Scott, and was a native of Pleasant Valley, Dutchess county, New York. In the 
family were six children, five sons and a daughter. Colonel Henry A. Greene, the 
eldest, is in command of the Tenth Infantry, U. S. A., located at Fort Benjamin 
Harrison, at Indianapolis, Indiana. Everett Greene is a practicing lawyer of 
Brooklyn, N.ew York. James A. is the next of the family. Herman resides at 
Fishkill-on-the-Hudson. Edgar Greene is chief clerk in the purchasing depart- 
ment of the Metropolitan police department of New York city. Caroline is the 
wife of W. A. Conrad, who is engaged in the banking and cattle business in 
Montana. 

James A. Greene was educated in the public and high schools of his native 
town, and on the ist of April, 1880, when not quite sixteen years of age, entered 
upon an apprenticeship to the undertaking business in Matteawan, New York, 
serving for five years. He then went to Kansas City, Missouri, and was connected 
with Eugene Carlott & Sons, undertakers, for about five years. In 1889 he made 
his way to Seattle, to take charge of the business for the Bonney- Watson Com- 
pany, continuing in that connection until the spring of 1898, when he joined the 
gold seekers rush for the Klondike. He went to Dawson, where he found about 
thirty thousand people, and there he decided to enter his old business, being the 
fifth person to engage in undertaking there and the only one to conduct an 

c elusive undertaking establishment. In 1890 he secured a hearse, and eventually 
vol. in 1 4 



402 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

was the only one in the business in that city, remaining as its sole representative 
in Dawson for about five years. In 1907 he disposed of his interests there and 
came to Vancouver, where he bought out John Kemp, of the firm of Kemp & 
Simpson. This is the oldest established undertaking business in Vancouver. It 
was started by Frank W. Hart in 1886, and later Mr. Kemp became a partner 
and subsequently purchased Mr. Hart's interest. The business was conducted by 
the firm of Kemp & Simpson for about thirteen years, and following Mr. Greene's 
purchase of Mr. Kemp's interest on the ist of September, 1907, the firm style of 
Greene & Simpson was assumed and so remained until April i, 1910. At that 
date H. W. Merkley took over Mr. Simpson's interest and the firm has since 
remained Greene & Merkley. On the ist of April, 1913, Mr. Greene pur- 
chased Mr. Merkley's interest, but still retains the old firm style although he 
is now sole owner. This is one of the largest and unquestionably the finest and 
most elaborately equipped undertaking establishments of Vancouver. Although 
centrally located it is in a quiet district, undisturbed by the noise of street cars 
and heavy traffic. He has spacious offices, show rooms and a chapel all beauti- 
fully furnished and equipped, and will soon introduce an automobile, which will 
be the first one of the city secured for this purpose. Mr. Greene has an able staff 
of men in his employ and is conducting an extensive business. He now has a 
branch establishment at No. 3218 Main street in South Vancouver and is giving 
his entire time to the supervision and management of the business. He was one 
of the original incorporators of the Vancouver Crematorium Association, of which 
he is now vice president, while from the beginning he has been a stockholder and 
director. 

In Kansas City, Missouri, in 1888, Mr. Greene was united in marriage to 
Miss Kate L. Hill, of that place. In politics Mr. Greene is a conservative, but not 
an active party worker. He is prominent in fraternal circles, holding membership 
in Cascade Lodge, No. 12, A. F. & A. M., and in the Odd Fellows Lodge of Van- 
couver. He has been a member of the order for more than twenty years, is a 
past grand, past chief patriarch of the encampment and past commandant of the 
patriarchs militant. He is also president of the Vancouver Aerie, NQ. 6, F. O. E. ; 
a member of the Loyal Order of Moose, the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, 
and is a past Arctic chief and life member of the Arctic Brotherhood and a mem- 
ber of the Yukon Order of Pioneers. Mrs. Greene is identified with several 
of the ladies' auxiliaries of these organizations and is a past worthy matron of the 
Princess Patricia Chapter of the Eastern Star and a past noble grand of the 
Rebekahs. She takes a most active and helpful part in charitable and home 
missionary work and is one of the directors of the orphanage. Her sympathy 
reaches out in kindly helpfulness to all who need assistance, and there are many 
who have reason to bless her for timely aid. Both Mr. and Mrs. Greene occupy 
a prominent position in the regard of friends and associates, possessing attractive 
social qualities which have made them popular with those with whom they come 
in contact. 



HAMILTON READ. 

Hamilton Read, prominently and successfully engaged in the general prac- 
tice of law as a member of the firm of Hamilton Read & Head of Vancouver, 
was born in Leicester, England, July 21, 1879, and is a son of Sheldon and 
Fanny Wells (Loal) Read, the former for many years a prominent solicitor 
in that community. 

In the Wyggeston grammar school and under private tutors Hamilton Read 
acquired his early education. He was afterward articled to William Harding, 
of Leicester, England, and was admitted as a solicitor in his native country in 
1901. He afterward practiced his profession in London and Bedfordshire for 
nine years and at the end of that time came to Canada, locating in Vancouver, 




HAMILTON READ 






y|[|jJjJ,. jyjjiii.,,^ ^ m . j^. . ^^ 





BRITISH COLUMBIA 405 

British Columbia, in 1910. He was admitted as solicitor in the same year and 
was called to the bar of British Columbia in 1912. After coming to Vancouver 
he associated himself with Bowser, Read & Walbridge, barristers, and he con- 
tinued in this connection until 1913, when he formed a partnership with G. H. 
Head under the firm name of Hamilton Read & Head. They engage in the 
general practice of law and have built up a large and lucrative patronage, Mr. 
Read's ability and legal acumen as well as his skill as a criminal advocate being 
important factors in the firm's success. He possesses a keen and incisive mind, 
is quick to grasp the details of a case and able to present them forcibly before 
the court. His professional work has, therefore, been attended by notable 
success and he has already won a high place at the bar of this province, which 
numbers him among its most able and progressive representatives. He attained 
notoriety in connection with the acquisition of Indian reserves for the provin- 
cial government. He is president of the Forshaw-Ford Automobile Company, 
Ltd., and of the Copper Hill Mining Company, Ltd 

On the 4th of May, 1912, in Christ's church, Vancouver, Mr. Read was 
united in marriage to Miss Christina McDonald Douglas, a daughter of James 
McDonald and Winfridde Douglas, the former manager of the Otis Fensome 
Elevator Company. Mr. Read was for two years a member of the Bedford- 
shire Yeomanry and is connected with St. Barnabas Lodge, No. 948, A. F. & 
A. M., in Buckinghamshire, England. He is a conservative in his political beliefs 
and a member of the Anglican church, guiding his upright and honorable life 
by its principles. Throughout his residence in Vancouver he has ever enjoyed 
in the fullest degree the respect and confidence of his fellow men and his worth 
as a man and a citizen as well as a barrister is widely acknowledged. 



JOHN TOMATOA CHAWNER WILLIAMS. 

John Tomatoa Chawner Williams has since 1904 occupied the position of 
inspector of fisheries and is also justice of the peace for British Columbia and 
stipendiary magistrate for several counties of the province. The county of Kent, 
England, numbers him among her native sons, his birth having there occurred 
November 27, 1858. His parents were the Rev. Samuel T. and Hester (Good- 
body) Williams, the former a minister of the Church of England in Kent to the 
time of his death, which occurred at Chislehurst, Kent, in 1903. 

The attainment of his education largely occupied the time and attention of 
John T. C. Williams until after he had completed a course at Mill Hill College 
in Kent. Subsequently he was variously employed in England until 1887, when 
he came to Vancouver, attracted by what he believed to be opportunities for 
more quickly attaining success in this new and growing country. In the following 
year he became associated with the land surveying business under the firm name 
of Williams Brothers and after following that for a time they began investing in 
and dealing in real estate, carrying on a general real-estate and financial brokerage 
business, although they confined their attention principally to land surveying. 
John T. C. Williams was thus engaged until 1904, when he was called to public 
office in an appointment to the position of inspector of fisheries for the Dominion 
government. For nine years he has served in that capacity, making a creditable 
record, and he is also justice of the peace for British Columbia and a stipendiary 
magistrate for several counties of the province. 

On the I4th of September, 1895, Mr. Williams was married to Ella Amy 
McCall, a daughter of Captain Angus Grant of New Westminster, British 
Columbia, and they have one son, George Hobart. The name of Mr. Williams 
is on the membership roll of the Terminal City and Vancouver Clubs. He also 
belongs to St. Paul's Anglican Church of Vancouver. He has always been a 
devotee of outdoor sports and in his younger days was an expert lawn tennis 
player, having taken part in many tournaments and winning the lawn tennis 



406 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

championship of British Columbia in 1888. He has never regretted his determina- 
tion to make his home in the new world, enjoying the spirit of enterprise and the 
atmosphere which dominates this country, where men are making history through 
the utilization of its natural resources, the development of its business affairs and 
the control of its governmental interests. 



JAMES GILMOUR MAcKINLAY. 

James Gilmour MacKinlay has built up a gratifying business as a financial 
and real-estate broker of Vancouver, having been connected with that field of 
activity since 1905. His birth occurred in Glasgow, Scotland, on the gth of 
August, 1853, his parents being Ebenezer and Mary (Walker) MacKinlay. For 
a number of years the father held the rank of major in the old volunteer admin- 
istrative battalions. 

James G. MacKinlay acquired his education in the public schools of his 
native city and after leaving the Glasgow Academy embarked in the hardware 
business on his own account in 1872. He thus remained an active factor in 
commercial circles of Glasgow until 1901, when he went to Birmingham, England, 
and was there engaged in the same business for a period of three years. In 1904 
he came to Vancouver, British Colurftbia, and spent some time in acquainting 
himself with the business outlook and prospects here. In 1905 he began opera- 
tions as a financial and real-estate broker and has since conducted business along 
those lines with gratifying success, his investments being principally in realty. 
While still a resident of Glasgow he served as captain of the Forty-second Royal 
Highlanders (volunteer battalion) for about five years; 

On the nth of November, 1884, in Glasgow, Scotland, Mr. MacKinlay was 
joined in wedlock to Miss Margaret Hart, a daughter of Thomas and Margaret 
Hart. Their children are five in number, as follows: Eben, who has been in 
the service of the Canadian Pacific Railway for seven years; Thomas H., a 
Canadian customs official ; James G., who is preparing for the practice of law ; 
Alexander Archibald, who is associated in business with his father ; and Margaret. 

In politics Mr. MacKinlay is a conservative, while his religious faith is indi- 
cated by his membership in St. John's Presbyterian Church. Fraternally he is 
identified with the Masons, belonging to Southern Cross Lodge and also to the 
chapter. He is likewise a member of the Independent Order of Foresters and 
the Progress and Canadian Clubs. His genuine worth and his devotion to all 
that is right, just and elevating, make him a man whom to know is to respect 
and honor. 



MACKENZIE MATHESON. 

Engaged in the general practice of law, the firm of Matheson & Carter, 
barristers, has won a creditable position notwithstanding the fact that its existence 
covers only the brief span of three years. Mr. Matheson is a young man, yet 
diligence and determination are winning for him a position that older practitioners 
might well envy. He was born October 31, 1880, in Woodstock, Ontario, his 
parents being Gilbert and Annie Matheson. The father went to Manitoba in 
1881 and Mackenzie Matheson in due time entered the public schools at Brandon, 
Manitoba, where he mastered the elementary branches of learning. Eventually 
he became a student in Manitoba College at Winnipeg, and in 1900 won the 
degrees of Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws upon graduation. He was 
articled in Winnipeg with Munson & Allan, barristers, for three years and entered 
upon the active practice of his profession in Saskatchewan. He filled the position 
of crown prosecutor for the district of Cannington for three years and was official 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 407 

administrator and official assignee for the same district at the same time. Seeking 
a still broader field of labor he came to Vancouver in 1910 and after practicing 
alone for a short time was joined in partnership by William D. Carter, K. C., 
in the organization of the present firm of Matheson & Carter. Their practice 
is general and the court records indicate their connection with considerable 
important litigation within the last three years. While the practice of law is his 
real life work, and he is most devoted to the interests of his clients, Mr. Matheson 
is also a recognized factor in financial circles as vice president of the Canadian 
Liverpool Trust Company, Ltd., of Vancouver. 

On the 22d of December, 1905, in Saskatchewan, was celebrated the marriage 
of Mr. Matheson and Miss Helen Cain, a daughter of John and Amanda Cain. 
Her father, now deceased, was clerk of the courts of Virden, Manitoba, for many 
years. The children of this marriage are Dorothy, Betty and Mary, three inter- 
esting little daughters. Mr. Matheson holds membership in Plantagenet Lodge, 
No. 65, A. F. & A. M., of which he was the first secretary. He votes with the 
liberal party, but aside from this is not active in politics. He finds pleasant 
relations through his membership in the University Club and he has formed many 
attractive friendships during the comparatively brief period of his residence in 
in Vancouver, his personal and professional worth winning for him recognition. 



WILLIAM D. CARTER, K. C. 

While William D. Carter's connection with the Vancouver bar is of compara- 
tively short duration, he has for a quarter of a century been an active barrister, 
entering upon the practice of law in 1887, when called to the bar of New Bruns- 
wick. He was born in that province, October 5, 1863, his parents being James 
and Margaret Carter. ' His great-great-grandfather, John Carter, settled at 
Chignecto, Nova Scotia, in 1778 with the Yorkshire emigrants. In the public 
schools of New Brunswick William D. Carter began his education, which was 
continued in Dalhousie College at Halifax, where he won his LL. B. degree in 
1887. His preparation for practice was thorough, and called to the bar of New 
Brunswick in 1887, he at once entered upon the active work of law practice and 
found in his comprehensive knowledge of legal principles the basis for his 
success. He was articled with the Hon. Henry R. Emmerson, of Dorchester, New 
Brunswick, who was afterward minister of railways in the Laurier cabinet. 
After studying for three years in that connection he began practice on his own 
account in Richibucto, New Brunswick, where he remained until 1911, and in 
1908 was appointed king's counsel in New Brunswick. Four years afterward he 
came to Vancouver and in April, 1912, was called to the bar of British Columbia. 
He at once began practice in connection with Mackenzie Matheson and under the 
style of Matheson & Carter has since been active in law practice in this city. 
He does not specialize in any particular branch of the law but continues in general 
practice, preparing his cases with thoroughness and care and presenting his cause 
clearly and cogently. 

In other public connections Mr. Carter has been and is well known. While in- 
the east he was for eight or nine years a director of the Kent Northern Railway 
Company. He was also appointed one of the commissioners by the New Bruns- 
wick government on questions of prohibition in that province and to study the 
workings of the Canada Temperance Act in 1907. He is interested in all' 
significant and vital questions relating to the northwest as well as to the country 
in general. He votes with the liberal party, and was the unsuccessful candidate 
for Kent, New Brunswick, in the provincial election of 1908. Aside from this 
he has not been active in politics, preferring to concentrate his energies upon his 
professional duties. He is loyal to the teachings of the Knights of Pythias and' 
the Masons and holds membership in Mount Hermon Lodge, A. F. & A. M. 



408 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

On the 1st of July, 1897, in New Brunswick, Mr. Carter was married to Miss 
Mary Stevenson, a daughter of J. and Margaret Stevenson, the former for many 
years a sea captain. Their children are Alma, Delia and Wilhelmina. The 
religious faith of the family is that of the Episcopal church, and in its work Mr. 
Carter is interested, as he is in all other projects with which he becomes allied. 
The principles which govern his life are such as will bear close investigation and 
scrutiny, and in his law practice he holds to a high standard of professional ethics. 



RICHARD GIBSON, M. D., C. M. 

Among the most able members of the medical fraternity in Vancouver is 
numbered Dr. Richard Gibson, whose laudable ambition and well developed skill 
have brought him to a prominent place in professional circles here. He is one of 
British Columbia's native sons, his birth having occurred in Nanaimo, this prov- 
ince, July 12, 1874, his parents being Richard and Margaret Gibson. Represen- 
tatives of his family have lived in Nanaimo for the past forty-three years and 
have become prominent and well known in its public affairs. The father served 
at one time as mayor of the city and was for twenty years prominently con- 
nected with the coal-mining industry in that vicinity. He died in September, 
1902, and his widow still makes her home at Nanaimo. 

In the acquirement of an education Dr. Gibson attended the grade and high 
schools in his native city, and in 1898, at the time of the first Klondike gold rush, 
he went to Alaska. He roughed it in the truest sense of the word, scaling Chilkoot 
Pass, carrying provisions, building the necessary boats and leading in every 
way the rough life of the first Alaskan prospectors. This experience, however, 
has been of great benefit to him, as it laid the foundation of the robust health 
which he now enjoys. For two years he mined very successfully in the north and 
returning with the money which he had acquired through this venture, took a 
course at McGill University in Montreal, graduating in 1904 with the degrees of 
M. D., C. M. He then spent one year in the general hospital in Montreal in 
order to get the advantage of practical experience along professional lines and in 
June, 1905, came to Vancouver, where he has since made his home. He has been 
accorded a liberal patronage and his skill and ability are evidenced in the excellent 
results which have attended his labors. Anything which tends to promote pro- 
fessional advancement or to secure the adoption of better and more efficient 
professional methods is of interest to him, receiving his earnest attention and con- 
sideration, and he keeps in touch with the most modern medical thought, remaining 
always a close student of underlying professional principles. He is a stock- 
holder in the British Columbia Life Insurance Company, and as investor in and 
owner of considerable Vancouver real estate, as well as realty interests at Nan- 
aimo, has shown sound judgment and discrimination, being highly and favorably 
regarded in business circles. He gave irrefutable evidence of his foresight and 
sagacity in selecting his location in 1905, where he has since remained. That 
part of the city then possessed but three or four business places, but is now 
solidly built up, standing as evidence of the rapid growth which Vancouver has 
enjoyed during the last eight years. 

On the ist of October, 1907, Dr. Gibson was united in marriage, in Nanaimo, 
British Columbia, to Miss Lillian Robb, a daughter of William and Helen Robb, 
of Montreal, the former for many years engaged in the plumbing business in that 
city. Dr. and Mrs. Gibson have became the parents of a daughter, Margaret 
Robb. 

Dr. Gibson is a member of the Presbyterian church. Politically he is a con- 
servative and fraternally a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
Although he fully absolves his obligations along these lines, his attention is chiefly 
concentrated upon his professional affairs and his conscientiousness in the per- 
formance of his professional duties is proverbial. 




DR. RICHARD GIBSON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 411 

Dr. Gibson has ever been a strong advocate of outdoor exercise and has shown 
a great fondness for sports, such as walking and running. He played on the 
lacrosse team in the early days at Nanaimo, being an all around athlete. He has 
never since neglected physical exercise, in which he is a true believer as a counter- 
weight to mental labor, and keeps himself in perfect physical condition. A man 
of two hundrd pounds and six feet tall, he ascribes much of his vigor to his 
early experiences in the north. 



ROBERT BYERLEY PARKES. 

Among the able members of the Vancouver bar is numbered Robert Byerley 
Parkes, now engaged in the general practice of law as a member of the firm 
of Macdonald, Parkes & Anderson. He comes from an old English family and 
was born in England, December 9, 1861. In the acquirement of an education 
he attended University College, London, and afterward studied law in London 
University, from which he was graduated in 1885 with the degree of LL.B. 
About 1890 he came to British Columbia but immediately went to the United 
States, where he resided from 1891 until 1899. In the latter year he returned 
to British Columbia, locating in Vancouver, where for a time he read law in 
the offices of George H. Cowan, a well known barrister of this city. In 1905 
he was called to the bar of British Columbia and immediately entered upon the 
practice of his profession. On the I9th of October, 1911, he aided in the organiza- 
tion of the firm of Macdonald, Parkes & Anderson, a connection which 
has proved an excellent one viewed from both a financial and professional 
standpoint. The firm is one of the strongest in the city and has charge of a 
great deal of important litigation, the name being a guarantee of the able conduct 
of a case, and in the majority of cases, its successful outcome. 

Mr. Parkes was married in England in 1888 to Miss Alice Crowe and 
they are the parents of a daughter. The family are members of the Anglican 
church and are well known in the social circles of the city where they make 
their home. Mr. Parkes is affiliated with some of the most prominent clubs 
in Vancouver and politically gives his allegiance to the conservative party, 
taking an intelligent and public-spirited interest in community affairs but never 
seeking public office. 



ALEXANDER EDWARD GARRETT. 

Alexander Edward Garrett, barrister practicing at the Vancouver bar as a 
partner in the firm of Livingston, Garrett, King & O'Dell, was born in Hamilton, 
Ontario, September 16, 1871, a son of John and Jessie (Bell) Garrett. The 
father was a captain in the Thirteenth Regiment, the local militia of Hamilton, 
Ontario, for a number of years. 

Alexander E. Garrett supplemented his preliminary educational training by 
study in the Upper Canada College at Toronto and afterward attended Osgoode 
Hall of that city in preparation for the practice of law. He was called to the 
bar in Hamilton, Ontario, in the spring of 1894, and for almost twenty years, 
therefore, has been an active follower of his profession, for in that year he 
opened a law office in his native city, forming a partnership with Stuart Living- 
ston under the firm style of Livingston & Garrett. For four years they remained 
in active practice there, when, thinking to find a broader field in the new but 
rapidly growing west, Mr. Garrett came to British Columbia in 1898 and the 
following year was joined in Vancouver by his former partner. In 1900 Harry 
DeWolf King was admitted to the partnership, the firm remaining Livingston, 
Garrett & King until 1911, when they were joined by M. B. O'Dell and the pres- 



412 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

ent firm style of Livingston, Garrett, King & O'Dell was adopted. They special- 
ize in the departments of commercial and corporation law and in the latter connec- 
tion represent a number of important business interests. Their clientage is stead- 
ily increasing and their legal work is now of an important character. Mr. Garrett 
is also interested to a considerable extent in Vancouver real estate and is one 
of the directors in several local companies, so that his business affairs outside 
of his profession are bringing him substantial return. 

On the nth of January, 1905, at New Westminster, British Columbia, Mr. 
Garrett was united in marriage to Miss Mabel A. Pittendrigh, a daughter of 
Captain George and Maria (Blount) Pittendrigh. Her father was stipendiary 
magistrate and coroner at New Westminster for twenty years. Mr. Garrett 
served as alderman and police commissioner in 1904 and polled the highest vote 
ever given to a candidate in ward one. He is now out of politics. Becoming a 
Mason in the east, he held membership in Temple Lodge of Hamilton, Ontario, 
and is now affiliated with. Cascade Lodge of Vancouver. He belongs to the 
Terminal City Club and has a wide and favorable acquaintance in its ranks and 
in professional and social circles, his position being established by his sterling 
individual worth and ability. 



KENNETH JOHN MORRISON. 

Application, determination and concentration have been the watchwords in 
the career of Kenneth John Morrison, who in orderly progression has made his 
way to one of the foremost positions in the industrial life of Vancouver, British 
Columbia, where he is widely known as president of the Morrison Steel & Wire 
Company. Born in Tatamagouche, Nova Scotia, on November 10, 1866, his 
parents were James Alexander and Mary (Nicholson) Morrison, the former a 
native of Stornoway, Hebrides isles, north of Scotland, and the latter a native 
of Pugwash, Nova Scotia. The father for many years successfully followed 
the mercantile business at Amherst, Nova Scotia, and also conducted a general 
store at Tatamagouche. His span of life far exceeded the biblical age, he passing 
away at Amherst in 1906 at the age of eighty-two. The mother died in the 
same city in 1905, aged seventy-three. 

In the acquirement of his education Kenneth John Morrison attended the 
public schools at Amherst, Nova Scotia, and after laying aside his text-books 
served an apprenticeship as a machinist and engineer in the Rob Engineering 
Company at Amherst. He there followed the trade of machinist until 1886, 
when he removed to Boston, Massachusetts, where he engaged in work for one 
year. Returning to Amherst, he then filled for several years the position of 
foreman of the shop of the Rob Engineering Company and later acted in their 
interest as traveling salesman. He then went to Londonderry, Nova Scotia, 
where for three years he was master mechanic in the Londonderry Iron Works. 
Returning to the United States, he then remained for one year in the neighbor- 
hood of Pittsburgh and Youngstown, acquiring valuable additional knowledge, 
and in 1898 came to British Columbia, where he spent three years in the boundary 
district in and about Sandon, Phoenix and Greenwood. At the close of that 
period he returned to Nova Scotia to accept the position of master mechanic 
in the Dominion Iron & Steel Company, in which relation he remained, with that 
company for six years. He then entered the employ of the large new steel plant 
of Milliken Brothers at Staten Island as night master mechanic but on account 
of ill health was forced to resign his position and in search of recuperation re- 
turned to Nova Scotia. The year 1907 marks his advent in Vancouver. There, 
in the spring of 1905, Solomon Weaver had established the B. C. Wire & Nail 
Company but in the fall of the same year the business was destroyed by fire. 
It was rebuilt and resumed operations in the spring of 1906 but in the fall of 
that year Mr. Weaver was forced to close his plant. In December, 1907, Mr 




KENNETH J. MORRISON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 415 

Morrison acquired the property and in January, 1908, resumed operations under 
the firm style of the Morrison Steel & Wire Company, Ltd. The output con- 
sists of wire nails, plain wire and small wire products. The firm at present 
is engaged in installing new machinery for making several new wire contrivances 
and they contemplate in the near future the installation of a galvanizing plant 
which will make possible the manufacture of galvanized wire and fencing. The 
plant is located at the north end of Hawks avenue, on Burrard Inlet, and at 
present furnishes employment to sixty men, the new and contemplated installa- 
tions giving promise of a much larger working force. A man of practical and 
mechanical knowledge and of extraordinary business perception, Mr. Morrison 
has turned his wide and varied experience to good account and in the few years 
of his connection with the Morrison Steel & Wire Company has made two blades 
of grass grow where one grew before. The industry which he has brought 
to life is one of the most valuable of the city and in that indirect way Mr. Morri- 
son has done much to promote commercial expansion. It is largely due to the 
initiative and aggressive spirit of such men as Mr. Morrison that the Canadian 
northwest has gained its foremost place among the producing countries of the 
world, and Vancouver, in recognizing his worth, honors and esteems him for his 
accomplishments and those personal qualities which have made possible his 
success. 

In January, 1892, Kenneth J. Morrison was united in marriage at Westfall, 
Nova Scotia, to Miss Jeanette MacKay, a native of Stellarton, that province. 
In their family are three children : Albert Henry, Donald MacKay and Margaret 
Grant. Mr. Morrison is prominent in the Masons, being a member of Plantagenet 
Lodge, A. F. & A. M., of which he is a charter member, being initiated in 
Sydney (N. S.) Lodge, No. 84, in which he still holds membership. He is a 
member of Ivy Lodge, No. 35, I. O. O. F., of Amherst, Nova Scotia, in which 
he is a past grand. His religious faith is that of the Presbyterian denomination, 
his membership being with St. John's church of Vancouver. As a member of the 
Board of Trade he can always be found among those who undertake new meas- 
ures in the interest of the community, especially along lines of material expansion 
and he is also a member of the Press Club and the Progress and Terminal City 
Culbs, these relationships giving an indication of his wide range of interests. A 
business man of the modern type, shrewd, able, progressive and straightforward, 
he is careful of his own interests, considerate of those of others and influenced 
at all times by the thought of the broader effect which his life work has upon 
the growth of his community. 



ROBERT N. JOHNSTON. 

An almost limitless number of business enterprises go to make up a city in 
its commercial phases and the result is not the outcome of the efforts of a few, 
but of the aggregate labor of many. In mercantile circles in Vancouver the 
name of Robert N. Johnston, wholesale tobacconist, is well known. He was 
born at Charlotte county, New Brunswick, April 6, 1868, and is a son of John 
and Ann Johnston, both of whom were natives of Canada and were reared and 
sducated in the Dominion. The father is now deceased, but the mother still 
irvives. 

Spending his youthful days under the parental roof in the county of his 
nativity, Robert N. Johnston there pursued his education and after leaving 
the public schools worked with his father on a farm and in the lumber business 
until nineteen years of age, when thinking to find broader opportunities in the 
west he came to British Columbia in the year 1888. He was not afraid of 
work and his industry proved the foundation upon which he has built his later 
success. With his arrival on the Pacific coast he turned his attention to boat 
Duilding and for six years was in the employ of Andrew Linton. It was while 



416 BRITISH COLUMBIA 



thus engaged that he took up rowing as an occupation and in 1891 he joined 
the old Burrard Rowing Club of Vancouver. It was while rowing under the 
colors of that club that it won the amateur championship of British Columbia 
and also the Pacific coast. In 1895 Mr. Johnston returned to the east and joined 
the Argonaut Rowing Club of Toronto, the largest and best known on the 
American continent, and won the amateur championship of Canada under the 
colors of that organization. In 1896 Mr. Johnston returned to Vancouver, 
which was the year of the water carnival in this city. On the first day of the 
carnival he won the amateur championship, thus holding it the second time; 
on the second day rowed Dr. McDowell, of Chicago, in a match race and won; 
the next day won the open professional race; and the next year went to the 
east, where he won nearly every race in which he rowed. In 1908 Mr. Johnston 
once more came to Vancouver and matched against Jake Gadeaur, of Orilla, 
Ontario, who held the championship of the world, and was beaten but by two 
lengths the fastest race ever rowed over a salt water course. He has won 
various cups and medals. He has rowed in fifty-six contests and has lost only 
two of these. He was prepared for eastern races by the great rower, Ed 
Hanlon, and was preparing to contend with Gadeaur for a second trial for 
the championship of the world when he met with an accident. 

Mr. Johnston turned his attention to mercantile pursuits in 1899 when in 
a modest way he established a little cigar store on Hastings street in Vancouver. 
He afterward removed to Cambie street, where he continued for six years. 
Four years afterward he embarked in the wholesale business as well as retail 
and has been thus engaged to the present time. His business, owing to his 
capable management, has gained extensive proportions and his annual sales 
now return to him a gratifying income. 

In 1908 Mr. Johnston married a Mrs. Stone of Vancouver, and they reside 
at No. 887 Richard street. Mr. Johnston is a conservative in politics. He 
enjoys yachting, baseball and all outdoor sports and his name as a champion 
oarsman is known from coast to coast. 



HERBERT GOULDING WILSON. 

Herbert Goulding Wilson is junior partner of the firm of Wilson Brothers, 
wholesale grocers of Victoria, and as such occupies a prominent and enviable 
position among the leading merchants and business men of the province. Nature 
fitted him for leadership and throughout his entire life he has made wise use of 
his time and opportunities, gradually working his way upward until he stands 
among the successful few, bending his energies to administrative direction and 
executive control in the management of a business of extensive and growing 
proportions. He was born in London, England, April 10, 1872, a son of Wil- 
liam Wilson, also a native of London and now an active business man of Vic- 
toria. He, too, is a member of the firm of Wilson Brothers and of W. & J. 
Wilson, retail clothiers. When he first came to British Columbia he made the 
voyage around the Horn on the ship Celestia. In the intervening period he has 
been an active factor in commercial circles and remains one of the leading and 
influential business men of the city at the present time. His wife, who bore the 
maiden name of Isabel Eilbeck, was a native of Whitehaven, Cumberland, Eng- 
land, and passed away in the year 1906. 

Herbert G. Wilson was the third in order of birth in a family of five sons 
and one daughter. When about six months of age he came to British Columbia 
with his parents and was educated in the public schools of Victoria, supplemented 
by three years' attendance, from 1885 until 1888, at Christ's College, Finchely, 
London. With the completion of his course there he returned to Victoria and on 
the ist of October, 1888, entered the employ of R. P. Rithet & Company, in 
whose service he obtained his initial experience in business methods. He en- 




HERBERT G. WILSON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 419 

tered that employ as junior and worked his way up through various posi- 
tions to that of cashier. In October, 1892, he entered the firm of Wilson 
Brothers, wholesale grocers, this being one of the old established wholesale 
houses of the city, at one time owned by S. J. Pitt & Company and later by the 
firm of Cowan & Wilson. Herbert G. Wilson is today the executive head of 
the business and under his control it has not only kept pace with the progress 
of the community but has been a leader in that substantial development which 
has led to the present commercial greatness of British Columbia. The members 
of the firm are accounted among the most progressive wholesale merchants of 
the province and H. G. Wilson has become a leading factor in trade circles, de- 
voting his attention strictly to his business, concentrating every effort upon its 
wise management with the view of extending its trade connections. 

On the nth of June, 1902, Mr. Wilson was married to Miss Harriett Eliza- 
beth Ross, a native of Victoria, and they now have two children, Ross and 
Kathleen Goulding. Mr. Wilson is an Anglican in religious faith. He is identi- 
fied with many of the most progressive movements of the city for its substantial 
improvement. He was honored with election to the presidency of the Victoria 
Board of Trade, serving in that position from June, 1910, until June, 1912. He 
was also the first president of the Victoria branch of the Vancouver Island De- 
velopment League, being called to the office in 1909. This is without question 
the most important organization of its kind ever formed. Its plans are practical 
and far-reaching, and beneficial in results, looking beyond the exigencies of the 
moment to the possibilities and opportunities of the future. Mr. Wilson was also 
president of the Pacific Club from 1909 until 1911 inclusive and at the present 
writing, in 1913, is a pilotage commissioner, having been appointed by the Domin- 
ion government. He holds membership with the Union, Pacific, Vancouver and 
Victoria Golf Clubs and the James Bay Athletic Association. He finds his 
chief source of recreation in golf, hunting and motoring, and he enters into 
any sport with the same contagious enthusiasm that he displays in his business. In 
fact he is a leader in anything that he undertakes. His prominent identification 
with a number of the most important organizations of Victoria indicates his 
deep interest in the welfare and progress of the city and is proof positive of his 
public spirit. The simple weight of his character and ability have carried him 
into important connections and the consensus of public opinion names him as one 
of the leading and most honored residents of Victoria. 



LIEUTENANT COLONEL THOMAS O. TOWNLEY. 

Popular as a citizen and prominent as a barrister, Lieutenant Colonel Town- 
ley is widely known in Vancouver and in other parts of the province and his 
record in every connection commends him to the confidence and high regard 
of all. He was born at Newmarket, Ontario, August 18, 1862, a son of John 
and Alice (Dixon) Townley, both of whom were natives of Lancashire, Eng- 
land. They were married in Montreal and, going to Ontario, settled at New- 
market about the year 1837. The father was a successful merchant there for 
many years and continued a resident of that place until his death in 1864. His 
wife passed away in Vancouver. They were the parents of six children, all 
of whom are still living. 

In the public schools of Newmarket Lieutenant Colonel Thomas O. Townley 
began his education, which he continued in Trinity University, from which 
he was graduated B. A. with the class of 1882. He afterward went to Winni- 
peg, studied law and was called to the bar of Manitoba in 1886. He then 
resumed his westward journey with Vancouver as his destination and continued 
in active practice here until 1889. In that year he was appointed registrar of 
land titles for the District of New Westminster and continued in that position 
until 1910, when he retired from the office and resumed the private practice 



420 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

of law. He is well versed in the profession, having comprehensive knowledge 
of the principles of jurisprudence in many of its departments, and his ability 
to successfully cope with intricate problems of the law is indicated by the 
success which has attended his efforts. 

Moreover Colonel Townley has been prominent in public affairs, especially 
having to do with municipal interests. In 1901 he was elected mayor of Van- 
couver and filled the office for one term, during which period the Prince and 
Princess of Wales, now King George and Queen Mary, visited Vancouver. 
As mayor of the city Lieutenant Colonel Townley had the high honor of 
receiving them in his official capacity and delivering the reception address. 
This was one of the most important and enjoyable events that has ever occurred 
in the city and Colonel Townley discharged the duties that devolved upon him 
on that occasion with honor to himself and credit to Vancouver. It is well 
known that he is equal to any occasion, possessing rare tact and discrimination 
that enable him to adapt himself to any circumstances. His military service, 
covered a period of ten years' connection with the militia, during which period 
he was advanced through various grades until he became lieutenant colonel, 
holding that rank at the time of his retirement in 1896. 

At Newmarket, Ontario, in 1886, Colonel Townley was married to Frances 
M. Roe, a daughter of William Roe, Esquire, a veteran of 1812. His children 
are Fred Laughton, Evelyn Roe, Lawrence, Edith Emily, Max Mingaye and 
Philip Ford. The family are connected with the Church of England and Colonel 
Townley also holds membership in Cascade Lodge, No. 12, F. & A. M., the 
Fraternal Order of Eagles and the Improved Order of Foresters. He has 
many friends in those organizations and his official service as well as his pro- 
fessional connections have made him widely known. Over the record of his 
public career there falls no shadow of wrong or suspicion of evil, and the 
consensus of public opinion places Colonel Townley among the valued and 
honored citizens of Vancouver. 



CHARLES WILLIAM TAIT. 

There is nothing in biographical literature more interesting or more worthy 
of record than the development of a man's success, the methods by which it is 
attained and the causes by which it is directed. The career of Charles William 
Tait furnishes splendid examples of the most important elements which make 
for prosperity, for by his own efforts, aided only by his industry, his steadfast- 
ness of purpose and his determination to conquer an honorable destiny he has 
worked his way upward to prosperity, rising steadily until he controls today im- 
mense lumber and sawmilling interests in New Westminster and occupies a place 
of prominence in industrial circles of the city. He is president of the Fern Ridge 
Lumber Company and of the Royal City Lumber & Shingle Company, Limited, 
and by virtue of these connections, and the force of the ability by which they 
were achieved, a powerful element in the business development of the city in 
which he resides. 

Mr. Tait was born in the Muskoka district, in the highlands of Ontario, on the 
5th of May, 1879, and is a son of Thomas Benson and Eva A. (Burton) Tait, the 
former a native of New York state and the latter of England. Their marriage 
occurred in Bracebridge, Ontario, where the father had come as a young man and 
the mother when she was still a girl and in that state the father engaged in lum- 
bering for a number of years. In 1898 he came to British Columbia and located 
in Vancouver, where he continued in the lumber business for some time, later 
moving to Port Moody and thence to New Westminster, where his death oc- 
curred in 1906. His wife survives him and makes her home in Vancouver. 

Charles W. Tait acquired his education in the public schools of Ontario but 
his advantages along this line were limited, as at the early age of fourteen he 




CHARLES W. TATT 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 423 

became a wage earner. Since that time he has been entirely dependent upon his 
own resources and the conditions of his life developed in him a self-reliance and 
independence and an initiative spirit which have remained salient elements in his 
character to the present time. For generations back the members of his family 
had been in the lumber business and his own inclination led him into this field 
of occupation. Accordingly, he secured a position with the lumber firm of 
Gilmour & Company of Ottawa at tallying lumber and he remained in their em- 
ploy until April, 1897, when he went upon a short visit to his home. In the 
following May he came to the Pacific coast, locating in Vancouver, where he 
went to work for his uncle, W. L. Tait, a well known lumberman in that city. 
However, he worked here but a short time and then went to Port Moody, where 
he found employment with the Canadian Pacific Lumber Company as manager 
of their shingle mills. This position he retained for two years and at the end 
of that time came to New Westminster, already master of the lumber business 
in principle and detail and with his natural ability developed by his years of con 
tact with practical business conditions. New Westminster, however, was not 
then an advantageous field along his special line, the lumber business being dull, 
and he therefore turned his attention to other work, becoming a waybiller for the 
Canadian Pacific Railroad Company, by whom he was employed for nine months 
at a salary of forty dollars a month. Finding this unprofitable, he turned his atten- 
tion to steamboating on the Fraser river, acting as purser of the steamer Ramona, 
which position he filled for two years, after which he was promoted to be manager 
and purser. In 1904 he abandoned steamboating and accepted a position with the 
Canadian Pacific Lumber Company as commercial salesman, representing their in- 
terests in the prairie districts of Canada until July or August, 1905, when he went 
into business for himself, organizing what was then known as the Globe Lumber 
Company, with headquarters at Winnipeg, Manitoba. Mr. Tait was made vice 
president and Pacific coast representative and he acted in both capacities until 
September, 1907, when he sold his interests in the Globe Lumber Company and 
in partnership with Captain C. H. DeBeck purchased a small sawmill on the 
south side of the Fraser river. This they converted into a one mill shingle mill 
and operated under the name of the Dominion Lumber & Shingle Manufacturing 
Company. In the spring of 1908 they added another shingle machine to their 
equipment and in the fall of that year began the construction of a sawmill at 
Fern Ridge. In the summer of 1909 they purchased what was known as the 
Freeman mill at Alder Grove and this they rebuilt and in it installed four 
shingle machines. As their business expanded they erected more mills, the 
year 1910 witnessing the construction of another at Fern Ridge, which they 
operated in conjunction with their sawmill at that point. Their business expand- 
ing rapidly along promising lines, they determined to incorporate the concern 
and, finding that the name under which they did business conflicted with that 
held by charter by another concern, they were obliged to change the title of the 
new enterprise to the Fern Ridge Lumber Company, under which the concern 
was incorporated. In January, 1912, Captain DeBeck disposed of his interests 
but Mr. Tait remained as president, an office which he creditably and ably fills. 
In the same year the company purchased what was known as the Smith & John- 
son sawmill at Rosedale and are now constructing there another shingle mill. 
The Fern Ridge Lumber Company operates mills of this character at four dif- 
ferent points in British Columbia and two sawmills elsewhere and controls a daily 
output of six hundred thousand shingles and about one hundred and twenty-five 
thousand feet of lumber. It also operates about eight miles of standard gauge 
railroad, using two locomotives of its own, and the entire concern furnishes em- 
ployment to about four hundred men. The main offices are in the F. J. Hart 
building and the company buys all of its supplies in the home city. The ^men 
who control its destinies are all reliable, discriminating and forceful business 
men and its president, Mr. Tait, possesses rare business ability, his ^difficult 
position calling forth his splendid executive and organizing power and his quick 
and comprehensive grasp of business detail. Under his able management the 



424 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

concern has grown rapidly and expanded along progressive and modern lines, 
being today one of the great industrial enterprises in New Westminster and a 
dominant factor in the development of the lumber and shingle business in British 
Columbia. In January, 1913, Mr. Tait in company with his former partner, 
Captain C. H. DeBeck, and E. M. Matheson purchased the Royal City Shingle 
& Cedar Lumber Mills in New Westminster and incorporated the business under 
the name of the Royal City Lumber & Shingle Company, Limited, of which Mr. 
Tait acts as president. 

On the 27th of December, 1901, Mr. Tait was united in marriage to Miss Vio- 
let Winifred DeBeck, a daughter of Captain C. H. DeBeck, of New Westminster, 
of whom extended mention is made elsewhere in this work. Mr. and Mrs. Tait 
became the parents of two children, one of whom, Clarence Benson, survives. 

Fraternally Mr. Tait is connected with King Solomon Lodge, No. 17, A. F. 
& A. M., and he belongs also to the chapter, the commandery and to Gizeh Temple, 
A. A. O. N. M. S. He is a business man of the modern type, energetic, thoroughly 
able and public-spirited, anxious for success not only as an individual asset 
but also as a factor in public development. In this cause he has done beneficial, 
and far-reaching work as a member of the Westminster Board of Trade, the 
Westminster Progressive Club and the Westminster Club and he is a leader in 
all progressive public enterprises, for he believes in the future of the city and 
stands among the men who make that future possible. His success is entirely the 
result of his own well directed labors and unfaltering energy, for he has made 
the best possible use of all the advantages which have come to him, possessing 
at the outset steadfastness of purpose, high ideals and the ability which com- 
mands opportunity. 



LEONARD FRANK HOUGHTON, M. R. C. S. (ENG.), L. R. C. P. (LONDON). 

Although Dr. Leonard Frank Houghton has practiced the medical profession 
in Victoria only since 1911 he has in that short time built up a remarkably exten- 
sive and profitable patronage. He maintains commodious and well equipped 
offices in the Campbell building and therein are to be found all the appliances 
necessary for the execution of his work. For many years he was one of the most 
successful physicians in various parts of England, coming to Canada in order 
to profit by the great opportunities a fast developing country presents. Dr. 
Houghton has many other interests, being connected with important manufactur- 
ing institutions and owning valuable real estate. Born on May n, 1868, in Lon- 
don, England, he is a son of George and, Gertrude (Oakes) Houghton, both of 
whom passed away on July 20, 1913. The father was chairman of Hough- 
tons, Limited, the largest photographic goods and supply house in Eng- 
land. The firm was established by Dr. Houghton's grandfather, George Hough- 
ton, Senior, in 1834, the latter being actively engaged in business up to the time 
of his death, which occurred in 1887. The firm was originally known as Claudet 
& Houghton and it was Mr. Claudet who introduced the daguerreotype into Eng- 
land. George Houghton, the Doctor's father, entered the firm in 1853, and was 
actively engaged in the business up to within the last few years. ' Upon his 
entrance into the firm Mr. Claudet retired and the firm then became known as 
George Houghton & Son. They were at one time principally engaged in the 
wholesale glass trade, later adding the manufacture of photographic glass plates, 
and as photography developed and became more general a gradual transition took 
place until eventually additional works were established in connection with the 
original plant and about 1895 the manufacture of cameras and photographic 
accessories was undertaken. In the latter year the firm was changed into a 
limited liability company under the name of George Houghton & Son, Limited, 
and a few years later an amalgamation took place with several other photo- 
graphic firms, the business then becoming known as Houghtons, Limited. At 




DR. LEONARD F. HOUGHTON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 427 

the present time the managing director is Edgar W. Houghton, a brother of our 
subject. The firm is considered the largest in England engaged in the photo- 
graphic business. 

Gertrude (Oakes) Houghton, the mother of Dr. Houghton, was a daughter 
of Edwin M. Oakes, who for many years was engaged in the cutlery business in 
Sheffield, England, under the name of E. M. Oakes' Cutlery Manufactory, being 
one of the oldest cutlery plants in England. George Houghton and Gertrude 
Oakes were married at Hampstead Heath, London, in 1865 and to their union 
were born seven children, George E., Leonard F., Edgar W., Charles E., Mary G., 
Ethel K. and Winifred E. Dr. Houghton is the only one of the family who 
came to Canada. 

Dr. Houghton was educated in the City of London School, entering the same 
in 1878 and graduating in 1881, at which time he secured entrance into Neuen- 
heim College at Heidelberg, Germany, which he attended until 1883. In that 
year he returned to England, entering King's College school, which he attended 
for a term of two years, leaving in 1885. In the same year he began the study 
of medicine under an uncle in Sheffield, England, and in 1887 became connected 
with St. Mary's Hospital at Paddington, London, England, remaining there until 
the early part of 1893. In that year he qualified by obtaining the degrees of M. 
R. C. S. (England) and L. R. C. P. (London). In 1893 he entered the Hospital 
for Sick Children, Great Ormond street, London, where for eighteen months 
he held different positions. In the fall of 1894 he started in the practice of 
medicine for himself in East Looe, Cornwall, England, remaining at that place 
until December, 1900, and building up a lucrative practice. In the latter year 
Dr. Houghton went to Weston-super-Mare, there following his profession with 
ever increasing success until April, 1909. Although he was very successful in 
building up a lucrative practice he decided to seek the opportunities offered in 
Canada, which he considered more attractive, and in 1909 left the mother coun- 
try for the Dominion, eventually locating in Salt Spring Island, where he secured 
the post of resident physician, an office which he filled for two years. He then 
made another removal, coming to Victoria, British Columbia, in the fall of 1911, 
establishing his office in the Sayward building, which he made his headquarters 
until December, 1912. In that short time his practice had increased to such a 
remarkable extent that more commodious offices were needed and he secured just 
what he wanted in the new and modern Campbell building, at the corner of Fort 
and Douglas streets, and there he has the best facilities for handling his ever 
)wing practice. 

Dr. Hotighton is financially interested in the firm that bears his name, Hough- 
is, Limited, of London, England, and also in the Capital Trust Company of 
^ictoria, British Columbia, and the White Island Sulphur Company of New 
Zealand. He also is connected with other enterprises and is the owner of con- 
siderable real estate in Victoria and the vicinity. 

On May 30, 1895, Dr. Houghton was united in marriage in North Wales to 
Miss Jennie Jones, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Jones, the former a promi- 
nent landowner and timber merchant, residing at Plas Coch, Llanychan, near 
Ruthin, North Wales, England. Dr. and Mrs. Houghton had the following sons. 
Leonard Frank was born May 31, 1896, and died on June 3d of that year. Frank 
Llewellyn, born July 18, 1897, is now in the Royal Naval College of Halifax, 
Nova Scotia, as a naval cadet, having joined in January, 1913. Leonard Wynn, 
who was born August 14, 1900, is a student in the Collegiate School of Victoria, 
British Columbia. Maurice Trevor, who completes the family, was born Sep- 
tember 22, 1903, and is also attending the Collegiate School in Victoria. 

Dr. Houghton has an interesting military record to his credit. He was sur- 
geon lieutenant in the Cornwall Volunteer Artillery (Coast Defence) from 1895 
to 1897 and was lieutenant in the same corps from 1897 to 1899. In 1895 he 
was awarded the Recruit's medal for the whole of Cornwall for rifle shooting. At 



428 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

% 

the present time he is a lieutenant in the Royal Army Medical Corps of Canada. 
In his political views Dr. Houghton is a conservative, deeply interested in the 
welfare of his party although he has never aspired to political honors. He is a 
Free Mason, his lodge being that of Sancta Maria, No. 2682, of London, England. 
He also is a member of the Ancient Order of Foresters of England and of the 
Sons of England and the Independent Order of Foresters of Canada. More- 
over, he belongs to the Protective Benevolent Order of Beavers of Victoria. His 
religion is that of the Church of England. Dr. Houghton finds much to interest 
him in philately and is an enthusiastic stamp collector, his collection being won- 
derfully complete and much admired by all interested along that line. He is also 
well informed on astronomical subjects and geology and an ardent lover of music 
and while in England he delivered a number of interesting lectures on geology. 
He also has lectured in connection with the St. John's Ambulance Association 
since 1894, having delivered four courses in the last two years in Victoria, British 
Columbia. 



KARL WEISS, PH. D. 

Dr. Karl Weiss is editor and proprietor of the Vancouver German Press, 
and in this connection is doing much to promote the development of the country 
through the exploitation of its advantages and resources. He is a firm believer 
in the future of the great and growing northwest and his efforts have consti- 
tuted a direct factor in the work of general improvement. He was born at 
Vienna, Austria, January 4, 1869, and is a son of Joseph and Amelia (Benedikt) 
Weiss, who were also natives of the same city. The father was an officer in the 
Austrian army, but retired after ten years' service. Both he and his wife have 
now passed away. 

Dr. Karl Weiss was a student in the Universities of Vienna and Zurich, 
Switzerland. He afterward served as a lieutenant in the Austrian army for two 
and a half years and later took up the practice of chemistry. He did much free 
lance editorial work, writing for publications on political, economic and other 
vital and significant questions. In 1901 he went to New York city as a newspaper 
man and correspondent for a number of European publications, including the 
Colonial Gazette, published by the Austrian-Hungarian Colonial Society. While 
in the United States he studied and wrote much concerning colonization for 
European papers and became familiar with every phase of the subject. He 
was also interested in public and political matters, writing upon many topics, and 
he also spent some time in accompanying families of the nobility in tours through- 
out the United States. 

In August, 1911, Dr. Weiss came to Vancouver for the benefit of his wife's 
health, having no intention of remaining permanently, however. Her recovery 
was rapid, but by the time Mrs. Weiss was able to leave in October they had 
become so much interested in Vancouver that they decided to remain. Upon 
the urgent request of many of his German friends, Dr. Weiss endeavored to 
purchase, either entirely or in part, the German paper that was then being printed, 
but being unable to come ,to an agreement with the owner he established the 
Vancouver German Press, the first issue being brought out on the 9th of Novem- 
ber, 1911. He started with five hundred sample copies and something of the 
marvelously rapid growth is indicated in the fact that the present circulation is 
eighty-four hundred copies. The Press numbers its subscribers in all the 
European countries, the foreign circulation amounting to six hundred copies. 
In August, 1912, he began the publication of the Italia del Canada, and in March, 
1913, the Svenska Posten, of both of which he is also editor and proprietor. 
These papers, like his German publication, have proven very successful. His 
object and sole purpose has from the beginning been not to publish foreign papers 
in Canada, but to furnish a Canadian paper printed in the foreign tongues, and 




DR. KARL WEISS 






431 

also to impress upon each and every reader the fact that although they should 
not forget the mother country they should become loyal Canadian subjects and 
naturalized citizens of their adopted land as quickly as possible. For the benefit 
of those who are still at home across the seas and are interested in this wonderful 
country, each week these papers print long editorials on the resources and oppor- 
tunities of this progressive new empire of the northwest, and especially British 
Columbia. Dr. Weiss has the hearty cooperation and the good-will of all. It 
is recognized that he never stands in the way of any progressive movement that 
can possibly benefit the city, province or Dominion in any way. On the contrary 
he labors persistently and effectively to plant in the heart of each newcomer, 
through the columns of his papers as well as through direct contact, the true 
spirit of loyalty and patriotism. His business interests have been incorporated and 
are now conducted under the name of the Linguistic Printing & Publishing 
Company, Ltd., of which he is the president. He is also managing director and 
treasurer of the Agricultural Settlement Association, Ltd., which organization will 
bring at least two thousand settlers to Canada in the year 1913. 

On the 3d of April, 1894, Dr. Weiss was married is Vienna to Miss Johanna 
V. Maly, daughter of Franz V. Maly, of that city. They have two children, 
Hansi Amelia and Marie Wilhelmina. The parents are members of St. Patrick's 
Catholic church. Dr. Weiss holds membership in the German and Progress 
Society, the German Society of Victoria, the German Club and the Sons of Her- 
man. Dr. Weiss practices in his own life what he preaches. He retains the 
deepest love for the land of his birth, but at the same time he feels that he owes 
profound loyalty to the land of his adoption, living under the protection of its 
laws and benefiting by its business and other conditions. What he has accom- 
plished and the efforts he has put forth mark him as a man of lofty patriotism, 
and the value of his services in behalf of Canada can hardly be over-estimated. 



ARTHUR PERCEVAL JUDGE. 

Arthur Perceval Judge, a notary public and conveyancer of Vancouver, 
was born in Calcutta, India, July 4, 1846, a son of Joseph Spencer and Catherine 
Ann (Bristow) Judge. The father was solicitor for the Bank of Bengal, 
Calcutta, and for the Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Company for 
many years. The son attended private schools in England and deciding upon 
the practice of law as a life work qualified for the profession. He became a 
practicing solicitor in London, England, where he remained for an extended 
period, but the lure of the new west was upon him and in the spring of 1891 he 
sought the opportunities offered in the province of British Columbia, making 
his way to Victoria. In June of the same year he went to New Westminster, 
where he entered the offices of Corbould, McColl, Wilson & Campbell, and 
in 1892 took charge of their conveyancing work in Vancouver. He remained 
with them until 1903 when he withdrew from that connection and started out 
independently. He has since been alone and has built up a business of large 
and gratifying proportions. He is a worthy representative of the notarial 
profession and is equally well known as a conveyancer, having comprehensive 
and thorough familiarity with each phase of the business. In 1905 he was 
associated with J. L. G. Abbot, then district registrar of titles in Vancouver, 
in drawing up the amendments to the land registry act and also in the consoli- 
dated act in 1906. He is now chairman of the Island River Coal Company. 
Mr. Judge is interested in all questions of the day and gives earnest consideration 
to the significant themes which engage public attention, standing at all times 
in support of those measures which he believes will prove of benefit to the 
community and country at large. 

On the 6th of May, 1873, in London, England, Mr. Judge was married to 

[iss Mary Helen Cowie, a daughter of David and Caroline (Deveril) Cowie. 
vol. in 1 5 



432 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

Their children are: Spencer Perceval, an artist, who is married and resides in 
Vancouver; Mary Edith, Ruth, Frank, Harry, Charles and Allan, all at home; 
Hope, deceased; Grace and Kathleen. 

Mr. Judge has used his musical talent for public benefit, inasmuch as he was 
choirmaster in Christ church from 1896 until 1902. Pleasant in manner, genial 
in disposition and of unfailing courtesy, he has gained many friends during 
the period of his residence in the Pacific coast province. 



HENRY BROUGHTON THOMSON. 

The writer knows of no better way of commencing a brief character sketch of 
Henry Broughton Thomson, M. P. P., than to relate an incident which occurred 
when the former, in the pursuit of his day's routine as a newspaper reporter, 
ran across one of the pioneers of the Cariboo district, a man who had lived the 
rough life of a miner amid the hills of British Columbia for over forty years. 
This old gentleman was paying his first visit to Victoria after a very long absence, 
renewing acquaintances, and remembering having heard "that Mr. Thomson 'at 
one time was located in Cariboo, I mentioned this fact to him. Then he said: 
"Oh yes, I know Thomson ; he is one of the finest men I ever met. When Thom- 
son tells you anything, you can swear by it." 

This may sound somewhat prosaic and puerile, but if you knew the life of the 
men who did the pioneer work in British Columbia, that would not be your 
estimate of the old miner's tribute. Out in the wide spaces of the west, where 
nature in the rough has to be grappled with, the men who have blazed the trail 
for civilization and development had the habit of "calling a spade a spade." They 
were quick to detect the false and the spurious ; and the impostor and the sham 
had no chance ; he would be found out. Hence, I say, that for as young a man, 
as Thomson, to have gone amongst this class and to have come away with their 
indorsement, is a splendid and all sufficient tribute to his sterling qualities as a 
man and citizen. 

Mr. Thomson was born in County Down, Ireland, on July 21, 1870, and hence 
is now only in the prime of life. His father was Captain William Thomson, 
formerly of the Seventy-eighth Highlanders who had seen service in the Indian 
Mutiny. He died in 1893. His mother, formerly Alice Broughton, was a native 
of England, and a granddaughter of Captain William Broughton, a conspicuous 
figure on the pages of history dealing with British Columbia. Mrs. Thomson 
is still living and resides in Victoria. 

The subject of this sketch received his education at the Bedford (England) 
grammar school, afterwards going to London, where he entered a shipping office 
and received a thorough business training, which mightily influenced his later 
career. He remained in the metropolis for four years. In the year 1893, young 
Thomson set out for British Columbia, the land of opportunity, of which he 
had heard glowing accounts, and arrived in Victoria in that year. Here, he 
was variously employed for a couple of years, when he went to Nelson, in the 
Kootenay district, to embark upon what proved to be a strenuous and successful 
business career, taking the position of manager of a branch of Turner, Beeton & 
Company, wholesale merchandise. While in that city he served as a member 
of the city council. 

In 1899, he removed to Cariboo, where he engaged in business on his own 
account. When the Hon. J. H. Turner, the former premier of British Columbia, 
and now agent general in London, accepted the latter post, Mr. Thomson was 
offered, and accepted the position of manager of the great wholesale business 
which bears Mr. Turner's name. In 1902, when the firm of Turner, Beeton & 
Company was incorporated, Mr. Thomson became one of its directors, and 
still holds that position on the board. 




HENRY B. THOMSON 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 435 

The people of Victoria were not slow in recognizing that Mr. Thomson had 
more than a remarkable capacity for business, for in 1907 he was elected to the 
legislature as one of the four city representatives. And that he has served them 
well in that capacity is shown by the fact that he was reelected in the general 
elections of 1909 and again in 1912. 

The government of Sir Richard McBride and the members of the legislature 
supporting that administration were also quick to realize that "H B", as he came 
to be known to his intimates, had a special capacity, for he was placed on the 
private bills committee, where he served for a number of years, then made deputy 
whip, and later, in 1911, appointed whip for the conservative party. 

Amongst his close friends in the legislature and in political circles "H B" is 
known as a man who "does things." He has a blunt, straightforward manner of 
speech, which, when he has spoken, leaves no doubt at all as to what his mean- 
ing is ; and this trait of character, backed up by a courage of conviction and a 
dauntless will, usually accomplish the ends he seeks. This special ability or 
capacity call it what you will has been taken advantage of by the people of 
Victoria on more than one occasion, conspicuous amongst which instances was 
his trip to Ottawa in the spring of 1913 as a member of a deputation to inter- 
view the government on a matter of large port improvements for Victoria. 
Their mission was entirely successful, and on their return to Victoria, they were 
given a special vote of thanks by the board and otherwise thanked by the 
citizens. 

That Mr. Thomson's business talent is appreciated outside the firm of which 
he is now the head, is shown by the fact that he has for some time been a direc- 
tor of the Colonist Printing & Publishing Company, Ltd., of Victoria, and also a 
director of the Victoria Transfer Company. For a number of terms he was one 
of the most valued members of the council of the Victoria Board of Trade, of 
which body of course he is still a member. 

"H B", as becomes a true westerner with a boundless faith in the destiny 
of the fairest and greatest province of the Dominion, is, socially, widely known 
and immensely popular. He is a member of the Union, Pacific, and Camosun 
Clubs, and prominently identified with St. Andrew's Lodge, A. F. & A. M. He is 
unmarried. 

It may be added in conclusion, that Victoria has great hopes for the future 
of H. B. Thomson. He is, it is believed, only at the threshold of his career 
as a public man. 



EDWIN BLAGDON MORGAN. 

Prominent among the business men of Vancouver is Edwin Blagdon Morgan, 
who, since 1891, or for a period of twenty-two years, has been closely identified 
with the history of the city as a representative of its business interests and as a 
factor in those circles looking to its political, social and moral advancement. 
In him are embraced the characteristics of an undaunted integrity, unabating 
energy and industry that never flags, and moreover he is public-spirited in an 

inent degree. 

Mr. Morgan was born in Gloucestershire, England, April 5, 1860, a son of 
homas and Jane E. (Blagdon) Morgan. The father was extensively engaged 
in farming in Gloucestershire and in 1872 came to the new world, first establish- 
ing his home near Lincoln, Nebraska, where he engaged in ranching until his 
death. He married Jane E. Blagdon, a member of one of the old county families 
of England. 

Their son, Edwin Blagdon Morgan, was a pupil in the grammar schools of 
Monmouth, England, until at the age of twelve years he came with his parents 
across the Atlantic. He was thereafter a resident of the United States for a 
number of years. He continued his education in the schools of Nebraska, where 




436 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

he continued to reside and manage the home ranch after the death of his father 
until 1886. In that year he removed westward to Portland, Oregon, where he 
became chief accountant for the Dunway Lumber Company and eventually pur- 
chased an interest in the business, becoming one of the stockholders and 
directors. He continued to make his home in Portland until 1891, which year 
witnessed his arrival in Vancouver. At that time he became manager of the 
Vancouver branch of the British Columbia Land & Investment Agency, Ltd., 
of London, England. This company conducted a very extensive mortgage busi- 
ness and Mr. Morgan continued as manager until 1908, when he entered upon 
business on his own account, organizing the firm of E. B. Morgan & Company, 
general estate and investment agents, real estate, loans, fire insurance, etc. His 
previous experience, his indefatigable energy and his laudable ambition com- 
bined to win success for the new undertaking. They soon secured an extensive 
clientage and conducted a large and thriving business until 1910, when Mr. 
Morgan organized the North West Trust Company, Ltd., into which was merged 
the business of E. B. Morgan & Company. On the organization of the North 
West Trust Company, Ltd., Mr. Morgan became the president and chairman of 
the board, and so continues to the present time. The authorized capital of this 
company is one million dollars, of which six hundred thousand dollars has been 
subscribed. The company has conducted a splendid business since its organiza- 
tion and its first annual report for the fiscal year ending November 30, 1912, 
shows assets of seven hundred and fifty thousand, one hundred and fifty-nine 
dollars, while the profits for the year were eighty-three thousand, one hundred 
and fifteen dollars. The company owns its own building a magnifi- 
cent office structure of eight stories on Richards street, completed in 
July, 1912. Special attention is given to the investment of funds for clients. 
The officers and directors of the company have a wide acquaintance in the 
Northwest and a thorough knowledge of western conditions gained by long and 
successful experience in matters of finance. Investments are made with abso- 
lute safety and excellent results for company and clients secured. The company 
also undertakes the management of estates, collections and rentals and handles 
all lines of fire, plate glass, fidelity, indemnity and automobile insurance, repre- 
senting a number of the best known and most reliable insurance companies. Their 
business is carefully systematized in every department and is under the guidance 
of most capable and experienced men men who gain from the faithful perform- 
ance of each day's duties inspiration, courage and capability for the labors of 
the ensuing day. The success of their own enterprise shows the soundness of 
their judgment an,d the North West Trust Company today takes rank among 
the strongest, most reliable and most enterprising financial concerns of the 
Pacific coast. 

Mr. Morgan has many other financial interests. He is the president of the 
North West Securities Corporation, Ltd., a subsidiary company organized to 
take over the real-estate business of the North West Trust Company, Ltd. He 
is president of the Vancouver Ship Yards, Ltd., a director of the Glen Valley 
Land Company, Ltd., the Dominion Construction Company, Ltd., the Dominion 
Dock & Supply Company, Ltd., and others, and also personally is a large owner 
of real estate. In business affairs his judgment is seldom, if ever, at fault and 
his keen insight enables him to determine with almost absolute accuracy the 
outcome of any undertaking from the beginning. He discriminates readily 
between the essential and nonessential, recognizes opportunities that many another 
would pass heedlessly by, and in all of his dealings is known for his prompt and 
honorable methods which have won him the deserved confidence of his fellow- 
men. 

His activities, however, have not centered entirely in his own interests and suc- 
cess, for he has taken active part in matters pertaining to the growth and develop- 
ment of Vancouver and British Columbia, supporting those plans and 
projects which have to do with the civic welfare and with the substantial im- 
provement and adornment of the city. He has served as license commissioner 
of Vancouver and for two years was a member of the board of directors of the 
Vancouver General Hospital, representing the provincial government. His record 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 437 

both as a business man and citizen is most commendable, showing .him to be a 
man of broad vision, never looking at any vital or significant problem from a 
narrow or contracted standpoint. 

On the I4th of February, 1893, Mr. Morgan was united in marriage to 
Miss Fannie E. Tite, of Vancouver, a native of Towster, Northamptonshire, 
England. Their children are Elsie R., Doris G. and Elizabeth B. 

In matters relative to governmental affairs, Mr. Morgan is a conservative, 
interested in the work and success of his party, and a member of the British 
Columbia Conservative Association. His life draws its inspiration from his 
Christian faith and the First Baptist church of Vancouver numbers him among 
its most prominent and valued members. In its work he is most actively and 
helpfully interested and he is now serving on the board of managers of the 
church, is a member and treasurer of the building fund committee and in 1912 
was president of the provincial convention of the church. In fact, all branches 
of the church work elicit his attention and receive his cooperation and he is 
one of those men who never make the claim that they are too busy to attend to 
their moral obligations. On the contrary the former would be sacrificed rather 
than the latter, and yet so well balanced is his life that he has time and opportunity 
for both. No one ever questions his honest belief in the course that he is 
pursuing and in reviewing his life history one cannot but reach the conclusion 
that it is the enterprise and character of the citizen that enrich and ennoble the 
commonwealth. 






ALFRED EDWARD WHITE. 

Alfred Edward White, a leading and representative citizen of New West- 
minster, was born in Nanaimo, British Columbia, on the 22d of April, 1863, 
and is a representative of one of the honored pioneer families of British Colum- 
bia, being a son of Rev. Edward White, whose sketch appears on another page 
of this work. 

He spent his youthful days under the parental roof and acquired his educa- 
tion in the common and high schools of Hamilton, Ontario. At sixteen years 
of age he secured a position with Sanford & Company, wholesale clothiers of 
Hamilton, with whom he continued for twelve years, his long connection with 
the house indicating unmistakably how faithful and efficient he was in the dis- 
charge of all of his duties. When he resigned he had charge of the manufacturing 
department and was assistant buyer for the house, having worked his way up- 
ward through intermediate positions to a place of large responsibility. In 1891 
Mr. White came to New Westminster and engaged in the hardware business 
or a time. He has since been connected with financial and real-estate interests 
nd is today one of the most successful in this field. He also maintains an 
insurance department and each phase of his business is proving profitable, owing 
:o his thorough understanding thereof and his unfaltering and progressive 
:fforts to develop his business. His name is not only known in this connection 
>ut also along various other lines for he is closely associated with several of 
e most important industrial enterprises of this section of the province, in all 
f which he is a dominant factor. He is widely recognized as a man of sound 
business judgment and unfaltering enterprise and his cooperation is therefore 
largely sought. 

Aside from his individual interests Mr. White has been connected with 
any movements and measures for the general good. He is now serving as a 
member of the town council and is chairman of the harbor committee. He is 
likewise a member of the Westminster Club, the Vancouver Yacht Club, the 
Tennis Club and the British Columbia Golf Club of Westminster associations 
which indicate something of the nature of his interests and activities. 



438 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

In January, 1907, Mr. White was united in marriage to Miss Edith H. A. 
Fitzgerald, a daughter of F. A. Fitzgerald, of London, Ontario, and theirs is 
one of the hospitable homes of the city, its good cheer being enjoyed by 
their many friends. Mr. White is resourceful and capable and therefore ranks 
as one of the most valued and honored citizens of New Westminster, where his 
labors have been of notable worth in promoting public progress. 



HARRY C. BRIGGS. 

A man of force, experience and capacity, of wide knowledge and sound judg- 
ment, Harry C. Briggs is connected today with one of the largest merchandising 
and importing concerns in Victoria and in the three years of its existence has been 
a powerful factor in its success. The line of business with which he is identified 
is the one to which he has devoted almost his entire active life, learning it from 
the bottom up and making practical application of his knowledge in the conduct 
of the affairs of the firm of Harvey & Briggs, of which he was one of the 
founders. He is a native son of the city, born August 27, 1877, n ^ s parents 
being Thomas L. and Mary I. (Irving) Briggs, the former a resident of New 
Westminster and a pioneer in British Columbia, a record of whom appears else- 
where in this work. The mother is a sister of the well known Captain John 
Irving. 

When Harry C. Briggs was about two years of age his parents removed to 
New Westminster and he there attended private schools and later the old St. 
Louis College. At the age of thirteen years he was sent to Portland, Oregon, 
to attend the Bishop Scott Academy, enrolling in the military department, which 
was then conducted under the direction of the United States government. There 
he remained until he was nineteen years of age, receiving his commission as 
major, which would entitle him to a captaincy in the National Guard of the 
United States. After completing the course in Bishop Scott Academy Mr. 
Briggs returned to British Columbia and secured a position in a minor capacity 
on the Fraser river steamers, winning promotion to the rank of purser and 
continuing in this occupation until the Canadian Pacific Railroad purchased 
the line. He then came to Victoria and obtained employment in a shipping and 
importing house controlled by R. P. Rithet & Company. He entered the 
service of the firm in a very humble capacity, securing the position of office boy. 
His ability, however, was soon recognized and earned him promotion to the 
position of customs broker, then bookkeeper, then traveling salesman and finally 
manager and buyer for the liquor department. This responsible office was in 
itself a proof of his ability and his business enterprise and his promotion to it 
in connection with a business house of the character and standing of that con- 
trolled by R. P. Rithet & Company was without question the best recommenda- 
tion which he could have received. Owing to his gradual rise through the 
various departments of the concern he mastered thoroughly all the branches 
of the business, learning trade and market conditions, the details of buying and 
selling and also the administrative and organizing phases, gaining a comprehen- 
sive training in this line of work which was a most important factor in the de- 
velopment of the business controlled by R. P. Rithet & Company and later in 
the splendid success of Harvey & Briggs. This latter concern was organized 
April i, 1910, Mr. Briggs resigning his position with his former employers in order 
to join Alfred Harvey. They met with immediate success and their business 
has had a most phenomenal growth due entirely to the enterprising and able 
work of the partners, both of whom are resourceful, far-sighted and progressive 
business men. When the firm was organized Mr. Briggs and Mr. Harvey consti- 
tuted the entire office and sales force and now, three years later, they employ 
eleven salesmen and have extended their business territory beyond British Colum- 
bia into Oregon, Washington, California and the Yukon. They are direct im- 




HAERY C. BRIGGS 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 441 

porters, buying from the manufacturers of Europe, Canada and the United 
States, and they control an immense trade, each month showing an increase of 
from twenty-five to forty per cent over that month's business of the preceding 
year. They have more than kept pace with the development of the province 
and the remarkable growth of the concern has come as a direct result of the 
excellent grade of goods in which they deal and of the reputation which they have 
achieved for maintaining always the highest business standards. Their plant 
is one of the largest in Victoria, covering a large floor space, and it is equipped 
to handle with facility the very largest orders. The storage warehouses are 
large substantial structures ideally fitted for their purpose and the entire con- 
cern is modern in equipment and a valuable addition to the city's fine business 
houses. Both members of the firm of Harvey & Briggs devote their entire time 
and attention to the business and the result of their hard work, their perseverance 
and enterprising spirit is evident in the great growth which the concern has made 
during the three years of its existence. Mr. Briggs combines with a thorough 
and comprehensive knowledge of the details of his work an excellent organizing 
and administrative ability and a compelling personality, qualities which he has 
used to build up and develop the enterprise with which he is connected and to 
make it what it is today one of the important commercial factors in Victoria. 
In September, 1904, Mr. Briggs was united in marriage to Miss Jeanne 
McAlpine, a native of Baltimore, Maryland, and of Scotch parentage, who was 
brought to British Columbia as an infant. Mr. Briggs is a member of the Pres- 
byterian church and he gives his political allegiance to the conservative party. He 
is fond of all kinds of outdoor sports and was a member of the famous "Big 
Four" rowing squad of the James Bay Athletic Association of Victoria, which 
in 1902 won both the junior and senior events of the international championship 
meet of the Pacific coast, held at Nelson, British Columbia, this feat marking a 
notable event in rowing circles. Mr. Briggs holds membership in the James 
Bay Athletic Association, in the Pacific and Camosun Clubs of Victoria, and is 
connected fraternally with the Native Sons of British Columbia and Quadra 
Lodge, No. 2, A. F. & A. M. He belongs to the Victoria Board of Trade and 
is interested in municipal advancement along business lines, cooperating heartily 
in all movements to promote financial, industrial or commercial growth. He is 
a man of wide experience, of practical judgment and keen business discrimina- 
tion and as a partner in the conduct of one of the largest commercial houses in 
the city has found an excellent field for the development of his talents and 
abilities a field in which he has won distinction for himself and made substan- 
tial contributions to the general development. 



CECIL KILLAM, M. A., D. C. L., LL. M. 

Cecil Killam, actively engaged in the practice of law for thirteen years, is 
now located in Vancouver, in which city he arrived in 1900. He also has im- 
portant business interests, being connected with various corporations, and in 
all these connections is recognized as a man of sound judgment and keen 
discrimination. He was born in Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, February 6, 1877, a 
son of Frank and Ellen (Hood) Killam, representatives of an old and well 
known family of prominent United Empire Loyalists. The father, now de- 
ceased, was a member of parliament and also an F. R. G. S. 

Cecil Killam began his education as a public-school student and later en- 
joyed advanced opportunities along educational lines. He was graduated from 
Mount Allison University in 1897 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts and in 
1898 with the degree of Master of Arts. His law course was pursued in Dal- 
housie University at Halifax until he completed his course there with the LL. B. 
degree in 1899, after which he entered Columbia University at Washington, 
D. C., where in 1900 he won the degrees of D. C. L. and LL. M. He was 



442 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

admitted to the bar of Nova Scotia in 1900 and the same year came to Van- 
couver, thinking to find broader business opportunities in the west. The same 
year he was called to the bar of this province and practiced law in Vancouver 
through 1901. From 1902 until 1904 he was a member of the firm of Martin 
& Killam and in the latter year became senior partner in the firm of Killam & 
Farris. In 1908 they were joined by G. D. Macdonell and the partnership 
continued as Macdonell, Killam & Farris until 1911, when the partnership 
was discontinued and Mr. Killam joined James E. Beck under the firm style 
of Killam & Beck. Their practice is general and has connected them with much 
important litigation brought in the courts of this province. Mr. Killam is 
always found well prepared when he enters the courtroom. His knowledge of 
the law is comprehensive and exact and he is seldom if ever at fault in the 
application of a legal principle. Aside from his large clientage here he is acting 
as attorney for at least half a dozen foreign companies, and he is a director in 
a large number of companies and business corporations, all of which profit by his 
sound judgment, his keen insight and his enterprise. He is a director of the 
British Columbia Mining & Development Company, of the Lamberg Mines, Ltd., 
of the Dominion Hospital and both a director and vice president of the Pythian 
Hall Company. 

On the 3d of June, 1908, at St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Mr. Killam was 
united in marriage to Miss Edith Deinstadt, a daughter of Dr. W. McKay and 
Eliza Deinstadt, representatives of one of the old United Empire Loyalist fami- 
lies. Mr. and Mrs. Killam have one child, Elizabeth. 

In politics he is a liberal but not an active party worker. He is now a mem- 
ber of the First Executive of the University of British Columbia, and he is 
not unknown in fraternal and club circles, holding membership with the Knights 
of Pythias, the University and the Progress Clubs. He is much interested in 
the moral development of the community and holds membership in the Methodist 
church and the Young .Men's Christian Association, cooperating heartily in the 
various projects that seek the welfare and betterment of the individual. His 
ideals of life are high and he loses no opportunity to raise himself to their level. 



JAMES DOIG. 

No name is more intimately connected with the railroad history of Van- 
couver, which is in fact the history of the city's growth, than that of James 
Doig, conductor on the first Canadian Pacific train to pull into the city and 
today the oldest living conductor on the entire system. Since pioneer times he 
has lived in Vancouver, watching the city's development from a mere hamlet 
into a great trans-continental terminal, and the years have brought him wide- 
spread respect and esteem among his fellow citizens and a place in the front 
ranks of the city's honored pioneers. For the last six years he has been cus- 
tomhouse officer in Vancouver and in this position has discharged his duties 
with the same energy and conscientiousness which have distinguished the activ- 
ities of his entire career. 

Mr. Doig was born on the 6th of February, 1854, at Cupar, Angus county, 
Scotland, and is a son of William and Amelia Doig who came to America shortly 
after the birth of their son, settling in Mitchell, Ontario, where the father 
worked at railroading. When he arrived in Canada he had a contract on con- 
struction work on the first railroad that was built at Mitchell, and he continued 
active in this line of occupation until his death. His wife has also passed away. 
James Doig was still an infant when his parents settled in Mitchell and in the 
public schools of that city he acquired his education. After laying aside his 
books he worked in the sawmills in the vicinity and handled freight until he 
was about seventeen years of age, when he began his railroad career, becom- 




JAMES DOIG 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 445 

ing a brakeman on the Grand Trunk Railroad. This position he held until he 
went west and settled in Fort Garry, now Winnipeg, Manitoba, in the year 1875. 
After his arrival he worked at sawmilling for some time and afterward en- 
gaged in surveying and also in butchering. Eventually, however, he again turned 
his attention to railroading, becoming connected with the Canadian Pacific, in 
whose interests he worked for many years thereafter, becoming one of the 
most reliable and trusted employes of that corporation. In 1887 he aided in 
bringing the first train into the city of Vancouver, an epoch-making event in 
the history of railroading in Canada, which is vividly described by a pioneer 
of 1888 in an edition of a Vancouver paper of recent date: 

"The real pioneers in the railroading line were C. P. R. engine No. 132, 
caboose No. 176 and several boarding cars, which comprised the first real roll- 
ing stock that had ever been seen in Vancouver up to that date. While the 
arrival of the first through train from the Atlantic was duly marked by a 
great celebration away back on Queen Victoria's birthday, in 1887, yet there 
was real rejoicing and a celebration, impromptu but none the less enthusiastic, 
when this first engine and caboose arrived at the rail end at Vancouver. 

"In charge of that epoch-making train that arrived even ah^ad of the train 
despatches, or before train schedules were made out, was 'Big Bill,' now more 
decorously referred to as Mr. William Armstrong, of the well known local 
contracting firm of Armstrong & Morrison. His title in those early days was 
'master of transportation.' He had charge of track laying and the comple- 
tion of that portion of the line between Port Moody, which had been used 
as a temporary terminus, and Vancouver, which had some time previously been 
decided on as the actual terminus. 

"Sharing honors with the other pioneer railway men on that occasion was 
James Doig, who was the conductor of the pioneer train and bossed things from 
his palatial caboose, which for several days after was looked on by the early- 
day residents with all the veneration that the small boy of the present day has 
for a luxurious Pullman. Mr. Doig, who resides at No. 227 Third street, 
North Vancouver, has the distinction of being the oldest living conductor on 
the entire Canadian Pacific Railroad system. Besides being the oldest living 
knight of the punch and bell rope on this great system Mr. Doig also has the 
distinction of being conductor of the first train ever landed on the eastern side 
of the Red river, Winnipeg. The engine and cars of that train were brought 
down the river on scows from Moorhead, where they were brought over the 
Old Northern Pacific branch from Brainerd. The engine of this train was 
named the 'Countess of Dufferin' and is kept by the Canadian Pacific Railroad 
as an interesting souvenir on exhibition in a glass house in the Winnipeg 
yards, where the machine forms a valuable object lesson of the advance in 
rolling stock used at the present time. When Mr. Doig took out that first 
train eastbound from Winnipeg the bridge across the Red river had not been 
completed and track laying was still in progress eastward in the direction of 
the north shore of Lake Superior. 

"The Vancouver of February, 1887, was vastly different from the well 
paved, tungsten-illuminated, skyscraper sprinkled business section that exists 
on the spot today. The entire community then, with the exception of a little 
settlement around the Hastings mill, occupied Water street, that portion of 
Cordova street between Cambie and Columbia avenue, with a few isolated shacks 
and one lone jiotel on Hastings street. This hotel was kept by an eccentric 
pioneer Irishman, named Pat Carey, of whom the surviving early-day residents 
still tell interesting tales of his eccentricities. The Carter House, still stand- 
ing on Water street, was just finished then and had the distinction of being the 
first three-story structure of the city, then in the swaddling clothes stage. A 
portion of the center of the streets were rough planked to keep the teams 
from sinking too deep in the soft earth during the rainy season. All the rest 
of the now densely populated area of the business section of the city was 
Dimply a jungle of heavy timber and dense undergrowth." 



446 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

Mr. Doig has seen Vancouver develop since that time into one of the great- 
est cities of the northwest and he is honored here as one of the men whose efforts 
aided greatly in making that transformation possible. At present he is connected 
with the customs office at Vancouver and has been six years in this service, his 
ability, energy and well directed labors making him a valued and representa- 
tive public official. 

On the 6th of June, 1879, Mr. Doig was united in marriage to Miss Ella 
Rollinson, a daughter of John and Sarah Rollinson, the former a prominent 
railroad contractor. They are the parents of one daughter, Gertrude T., now- 
Mrs. Carl McGregor, of Vancouver. Mr. Doig is a devout member of the 
Presbyterian church and he gives his political allegiance to the liberal party. 
He is an enthusiastic hunter and fisherman, giving a great many of his leisure 
hours to these recreations. Fraternally he is connected with Cascade Lodge, 
No. 12, A. F. & A. M.; Drill Chapter, No. 98, R. A. M. ; and Preceptory No. 
34, K. T. He is one of the best known men in Vancouver today, taking. his 
place with the pioneers of 1887. When he brought the first tiain into the city 
it was comprised mainly of stumps and possibilities and he has lived to see 
arise there a great and prosperous trans-continental terminal. 



ROBERT WILLIAM CLARK. 

Robert William Clark, real-estate, insurance and investment broker of Vic- 
toria and also connected with various corporations which have to do with the 
material development and prosperity of the city and island, was born May 14, 
1863, at Sidcot, Somersetshire, England, and comes of English ancestry. His 
parents were Robert and Mary Anna (Tanner) Clark, the former a native of 
Cheddar, England, and the latter of Sidcot, Somersetshire. The former died 
in Sidcot in 1877, and the mother is still living there. The paternal grandfather 
of Robert W. Clark was a cheese merchant and the originator of the famous 
Cheddar cheese business exporting extensively to Australia and elsewhere. He 
originally conducted the business under the name of William Clark but in 1855, 
when joined in the undertaking by his son, Robert Clark, the firm style of 
William Clark & Son was assumed. Under that name the business was con- 
ducted until 1893, when was effected a consolidation with G. E. Spear & Brothers, 
since which time the firm has been known as Spear Brothers & Clark. 

Robert W. Clark acquired his early education in the Friends school at Sidcot, 
England, where he remained to the age of fourteen years. He then entered a pri- 
vate school at Southport, Lancashire, England, in which he spent three years, and 
when seventeen years of age he became connected with the firm'of William Clark 
& Son, remaining with that house until 1891, at which time he came to Canada. 
He settled in Vancouver, British Columbia, having heard while in England of 
the many opportunities offered in Canada to a young man with ambition, energy 
and initiative spirit. He secured employment as a traveling salesman with Major 
& Eldridge, wholesale produce merchants located on Water street, and acted in 
that capacity until 1894, in which year he accepted a position with W. H. Mai- 
kin & Company, wholesale grocers of Vancouver. In 1901 he left that firm 
and came to Victoria, where he formed a partnership with William C. Bond 
for the conduct of a general real-estate business under the firm style of Bond 
& Clark. Their offices were located on Trounce alley and in addition to handling 
real estate they promoted several important commercial and industrial enterprises, 
including the Nootka Marble Quarries at Nootka, British Columbia, the 
Silica Brick & Lime Company at Parsons Bridge, British Columbia, and 
The Bakeries, Limited, of Victoria. By 1909 the firm's business had increased 
to such an extent that additional space was required and they removed to the 
Mahon building on Government street, where adequate quarters were secured. 
In 1910 the partnership was dissolved, Mr. Clark continuing the business under 




ROBERT W. CLARK 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 449 

the name of Robert W. Clark. He specializes in the marketing of large tracts 
of farm lands in British Columbia as well as inside business property in the 
city of Victoria, having negotiated many of the large sales of business properties 
in this city. In 1912 he negotiated the sale of twelve thousand, one hundred 
and sixty acres in the Cariboo country to buyers resident in Burlington, Ontario, 
twelve thousand eight hundred acres in Naas valley to buyers in London, Ontario, 
and fifty thousand acres on Babine lake to Spokane people. All the above 
acreage is desirable agricultural land, sparsely covered with timber and easily 
cleared. The unexcelled opportunities existing in the province, combined with a 
perception that has enabled him to readily recognize and grasp the advantages 
offered, have been the contributing elements to his success. 

On the 26th of December, 1887, at Portadown, County Armagh, Ireland, Mr. 
Clark was married to Miss Alice M. Robb, a daughter of Hamilton Robb, a 
linen manufacturer of that place, now deceased. Mrs. Clark was one of twelve 
children, of whom seven are yet living. By her marriage she became the mother 
of two sons but both have passed a*way. Robert Hamilton Bright, born March 
27, 1889, died July 22, 1893. Arthur Tanner, born December 26, 1890, died on the 
26th of April, 1892. Mr. Clark resides at No. 1224 Richardson street. In poli- 
tics he is a liberal, taking a keen but not active interest in the political welfare 
of the province. He is a member of the Society of Friends and during 1903 
he was president of the Victoria Young Men's Christian Association and was 
one of its directors from 1904 until 1910. He also acted as chairman of the 
boys' department from 1907 until 1910. He is an ardent advocate of extend- 
ing to the Hindus the rights and privileges of British subjects. He is likewise 
deeply interested in the cause of the workingman, suggesting municipal lodging 
houses, public reading rooms and other beneficial measures which shall add to 
his welfare and to his betterment. In a word, Mr. Clark has been deeply inter- 
ested in many questions relative to the political, economic and sociological con- 
ditions of this and other lands and he furthers and supports any measure which 
he deems beneficial to the upbuilding of the country and the betterment of 
the race. 



JOHN LEE BOWEN. 

A man who owes his present success in business to the spirit of enterprise 
and progress which actuates him in all that he does and to his sound and prac- 
tical business judgment and discrimination is John Lee Bowen, prominently 
connected with real-estate and insurance interests of Vancouver as a member 
of the firm of Watson & Bowen. He was born in Front Royal, Virginia, 
November 5, 1859, an d is a son f Lorenzo Dow and Fannie Elizabeth Bowen, 
both representatives of Virginia families of English origin, the ancestors on 
the maternal side having been related to George Washington. 

The public schools of his native state afforded John L. Bowen his early edu- 
itional opportunities, after which he attended the Bryant & Stratton College 
Baltimore, Maryland, taking a special two years' commercial course. After 
its completion, in 1880, he went to Fort Benton, Montana, and there entered 
ic employ of I. G. Baker & Company, well known contractors of that city, 
nth whom he remained for twelve years, gaining a great deal of valuable 
business experience and becoming very proficient in the line of work to which 
le had turned his attention. In their interests he went in 1882 to Calgary, 
ilberta, in order to establish there a branch house and for ten years he con- 
rolled one of the most important contracting concerns in that section, becoming 
ridely known as a resourceful and able business man. At the end of that 
time he severed his connection with I. G. Baker & Company and went to 
Everett, Washington, where he remained for six years, engaging in various 
lines of trade. He first came to Vancouver in 1905 but after a few months in 



450 

this city went to Dawson in the Yukon territory, where for the next three years 
he turned his attention to mining and mercantile pursuits. Returning to Van- 
couver he formed a partnership with E. Watson and established his present 
connection as a member of the firm of Watson & Bowen, dealers in real estate, 
loans and insurance. They are now in control of an important and growing busi- 
ness along all of these lines and the company is recognized as a prominent factor 
in business circles of the city. It .has attained a high standard of efficiency and 
a great deal of its success is due to Mr. Bowen's energy and executive ability. 
He is known in business circles as a far-sighted, reliable and discriminating 
business man and his name in connection with any project is a guarantee of 
good faith and honorable dealings. 

On the 2Oth of December, 1884, in Calgary, Alberta, Mr. Bowen was united 
in marriage to Miss Winnifred Thompson, a daughter of John Thompson, who 
was born and reared in Glasgow, Scotland, and who was for forty years a 
bookbinder in the city of Quebec. Mr. and Mrs. Bowen have five children, 
Frank Lee, John Conrad, Winnifred Virginia, Olive C. and Chester Stanfield. 

Mr. Bowen is a member of the Burrard Club and fraternally is connected 
with the Everett lodge of Masons, the Calgary lodge of Odd Fellows, the 
National Union, the Woodmen of the World and the Order of the Eastern 
Star. He was in 1885 sergeant of the Calgary Home Guards, serving at the time 
of the Riel rebellion. He belongs to Christ's church and in his political views is 
a stanch conservative, taking an active interest in public affairs and giving his 
hearty and active cooperation to any cause that seeks to promote the interests 
of the community. His career has been marked by steadily increasing and well 
deserved success in business and he today occupies a prominent position among 
Vancouver's representative and valued citizens. 



ANDREW MILLER HARPER. 

Andrew Miller Harper, member of the British Columbia bar, engaged in 
general law practice at Vancouver as junior partner in the firm of McCrossan 
& Harper, was born at Madoc, Ontario, on the ist of July, 1877, a son of John 
and Ellen Harper. His father was an officer in the British army and saw 
service .in India during the mutiny and later in Persia. He was awarded two 
medals, both in recognition of his valiant and loyal service in each country. 

Andrew M. Harper attended the high school in his native city and afterward 
entered Queen's University at Kingston, Ontario, from which he was graduated 
in 1900 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. With the completion of his class- 
ical course and his entrance into business life he determined to come to the 
west, arriving in Vancouver in 1902. A mental review of the broad field of 
business led him to the conclusion to make the practice of law his life work and 
with that end in view he studied in the office and under the direction of Joseph 
Martin from 1903 until 1906. In the latter year he was called to the British 
Columbia bar and at once began practice in partnership with George E. McCrossan 
under the style of McCrossan & Harper. This firm has since maintained its 
existence and now occupies a creditable place at the Vancouver bar in the general 
practice of law. Mr. Harper is an able barrister whose knowledge of the prin- 
ciples of jurisprudence is comprehensive and exact, while in the application of 
a legal point he is seldom at error. His clientage has steadily grown with the 
passing years and is" now extensive and of an important character. Mr. Harper 
is also associate editor with his partner, Mr.' McCrossan, of a Digest of Canadian 
Criminal Case Law. 

On the 25th of July, 1909, in Vancouver, Mr. Harper was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Ellen Coles, a daughter of George *W. and Catherine Coles, the 
former an accountant of Vancouver. Of this union have been born two chil- 
dren, Josephine and Andre. The religious faith of the family is that of the Pres- 




ANDREW M. HARPER 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 453 

byterian church and Mr. Harper holds membership in the University Club. In 
politics he is a conservative but without ambition for holding office. He is, how- 
ever, a member of the royal commission on labor, having been appointed in 
December, 1912. This commission is for the purpose of investigating and report- 
ing upon the labor conditions in British Columbia and is doing excellent work 
in that connection. Mr. Harper is further interested in all matters relative to 
the public welfare and has been a student of the signs of the times regarding 
political, sociological and economic conditions. 



HENRY WESTMAN CONROY BOAK, LL. B. 

Henry Westman Conroy Boak has since 1889 engaged in the practice of law 
in Vancouver, specializing in commercial, corporation and real property law. 
His understanding of the principles of jurisprudence is comprehensive and exact, 
and in his application of a point of law is seldom, if ever, at fault. These quali- 
ties have gained him a liberal clientage and he now ranks among the successful 
representatives of the profession in his adopted city. 

Mr. Boak was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, March 20, 1852, his parents 
being Edward and Anna Boak. The father was engaged in contracting and 
building in Halifax for a number of years and afterward joined the Inter- 
Colonial Railway service some time subsequent to the Confederation. He was 
also captain in the Halifax garrison artillery for a number of years. 

Spending his youthful days in his parents' home, Mr. Boak was accorded 
liberal educational opportunities, pursuing a course of study in St. John's 
Academy at Halifax and afterward graduating from Dalhousie College in 1885 
with the degree of LL. B. He won the prize for the best examination in in- 
surance law. In 1878 he was called to the Nova Scotia bar, having passed his 
examination in the same class as Premier Borden, Sir Charles Tupper, Arthur 
Dickie, late minister of justice in Canada, and other notables. After leaving 
college he entered upon the practice of his profession in his native city in con- 
nection with J. J. Ritchie, who is now a judge of the supreme court of Nova 
Scotia. They continued in practice under the firm name of Boak & Ritchie 
for some time, after which Judge Ritchie removed to Annapolis, Nova Scotia. 
In 1899 Mr. Boak came to Vancouver, where he began practice alone. He has 
never had a partner throughout the period of his residence here, and individual 
merit and ability have placed him in his present enviable position as a representa- 
tive of the Vancouver bar. 

On the 27th of April, 1882, in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Mr. Boak was mar- 
ried to Miss Elizabeth Ballantyne Reid, a daughter of Henry Ballantyne and 
Mary Reid, the former for many years an official of the local government of 
Nova Scotia. There are three sons of this marriage: Captain Henry Eversley 
Boak, of the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery; Arthur E. R. Boak, M. A., of 
Queen's University and Harvard University, now traveling under a fellowship 
from Harvard; and Dr. Eric W. Boak, a practicing physician of Vancouver. 

A Presbyterian in religious faith, Mr. Boak has been elder in St. John's 
Presbyterian church of Vancouver since its organization and clerk of the 
session. Outside of professional work Mr. Boak's interests have been in edu- 
cational and philanthropic work. He has been for many years a director of the 
Children's Aid Society of Vancouver and acts as its counsel. He took an active 
part in the organization of the Juvenile Hospital of Vancouver and was one of 
the founders of St. John's Presbyterian church. 

In politics he is a liberal-conservative and was for many years secretary of 
the Liberal-Conservative Association of Halifax county. He belongs to the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and to the Alumni Association of Dalhousie 
University, of which he was vice president. He has also been president of the 
Vancouver Branch Archaeological Society of Canada an affiliation which in- 



454 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

dicates something of the nature of the trend of his thought and interests out- 
side of his profession. He greatly enjoys scientific research and is usually to be 
found in those gatherings where intelligent men are met in the discussion of 
vital and important themes. 



LEWIS HALL, D. D. S. 

The mind of a scientist and an investigator combined with professional ability 
of a high order has made Dr. Lewis Hall one of the representative and successful 
dentists of Victoria; sound judgment, deep insight and executive and organizing 
ability have made him a progressive and prosperous business man; and a public 
spirit which counts nothing unimportant which has to do with civic advancement, 
growth or reform places him among the men of the city who are potent factors 
in its upbuilding. Thus it may be seen that along many lines he has been a force 
for good in Victoria during the twenty-eight years he has resided here and he is 
numbered not only among the pioneer dentists but among the pioneers and lead- 
ers in everything that is of permanent interest or value to the municipality. He 
was born in Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, England, May n, 1860, and is a son of 
Lewis and Elizabeth (Beardmore) Hall, who in "1862 moved to Canada and lo- 
cated on a farm near Ottawa, Ontario. There the father engaged in agricultural 
pursuits until 1876, when he removed to British Columbia and settled on a farm 
in Chemainus, Vancouver island, where his death occurred December 9, 1881, 
at the age of fifty-five, his wife surviving him until January, 1885, and passing 
away at the age of fifty-eight. Ten children were born to their union, six sons 
and four daughters, of whom the following survive : Dr. H. E., who is practicing 
dentistry in Calgary, Alberta ; F. J., a retired merchant of Victoria ; G. A. B., 
city health officer of Victoria ; and Lewis, of this review. 

The life record of Dr. Lewis Hall furnishes an excellent example of the 
power of well directed ambition in the shaping of a successful career. He was 
two years of age when his parents moved to America and upon his father's farm 
in Ottawa he spent his early childhood, later going to Gloucester, Ontario, where 
he acquired his early education. At the age of fourteen he returned home and 
for two years thereafter assisted with the operation of the homestead. At the 
end of that time or in 1876 he came to British Columbia with his parents who 
were among the early settlers in this province and here he was employed on his 
father's farm near Chemainus, Vancouver island, remaining there for four years. 
Tiring of farm labor he, at the end of that period, sought and found for a time 
employment in the lumber camps on Vancouver island.. He realized, however, 
the advantage and value of a good education and accordingly made an agreement 
with a school-teacher in the vicinity whereby they studied together during the 
winters of these four years, Dr. Hall laying the foundation of an educational at- 
tainment that has reached important proportions at the present time. Just be- 
fore he severed his connection with the lumber camps of Vancouver island he 
purchased a farm in the Somenos district and upon resigning his position again 
turned his attention to agricultural pursuits. However, after a few months he 
left the farm, deciding that the city offered better opportunities, and in February, 
1885, sold his property and came to Victoria. He purchased here a half interest 
in the circulation route of The Colonist, a local newspaper, his brother owning 
the other half interest, and he continued active in this field for one year thereafter. 
However, in the fall of 1886 he decided to study for a profession and being 
attracted to that of dentistry, leased his interest in the circulation route and with 
the income from this source together with the proceeds from the sale of his farm, 
he arranged for a course of study in the Philadelphia College of Dental Surgery. 
He entered this institution September i, 1886, and he received his degree of 
D. D. S. February 24, 1888, having the distinction of being one of the two grad- 




DR. LEWIS HALL 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 457 

uates in that class who received the highest grades. Upon leaving college Dr. 
Hall returned to Victoria and began the practice of his profession, in which he has 
since attained prominence and distinction. He was one of the pioneers in his 
line in this city. In 1888 he opened his first office in the Moody building, at the 
corner of Yates and Broad streets. In the following year, having already ac- 
quired a large patronage, he secured larger and better quarters in the Craft & 
Norris block, on Douglas street. On the 1st of January, 1902, he moved to 
his present location in the Jewell block, at the corner of Douglas and Yates 
streets, and here he has one of the best equipped dental offices in the city, pro- 
vided with modern instruments and all of the latest scientific appliances known 
to the dental fraternity. Dr. Hall controls a large patronage, for he has been 
practicing in Victoria for twenty-five years and is known to be able, conscientious 
and reliable, well versed in the underlying principles of his profession and thor- 
oughly in touch with its most advanced and modern phases. The new and en- 
lightened methods which have of late years practically revolutionized the dental 
science find in him a worthy exponent, for he never considers his professional 
education complete, remaining always a close and earnest student. 

It is not alone along professional lines that Dr. Hall has won prominence for 
in the field of business he has acquired extensive and important connections and 
a success which places him among the men of marked ability and substantial 
worth in Victoria. He is interested in several financial enterprises, among which 
may be mentioned the Prudential Company, Limited, of Vancouver, of which 
he is a director ; the Canada- West Trust Company, Limited ; and the Albion Trust 
Company, Limited, of Victoria, of which he is serving as president. He was 
formerly president and a director of The Bakeries, Limited, for several years, 
and is secretary of the Victoria Steam Laundry, Limited. In 1892 he estab- 
lished the Central Drug Store under the name of Hall & Company and he was the 
active manager of this concern for two years, after which he disposed of his 
interests in order to give more attention to his other important affairs. He is 
a member of the Victoria Board of Trade and is serving as chairman of the 
municipal committee, a capacity in which he has been doing excellent, far-sighted 
id progressive work in the best interests of the city. He was a member of the 
irtoria school board from 1896 to 1904, during which time he was for three 
fears chairman of the body, closely identified with some of its most important 
and beneficial work. It was he who aided in securing the adoption of a course 
in manual training in the public schools of the city and he has taken a prominent 
part in a great deal of constructive work of various kinds, having been as a mem- 
ber of the board of aldermen a strong factor in securing additional water supply 
for the city and many other needed municipal improvements. He was elected 
mayor in 1908 and served in that capacity until 1909, his administration proving 
constructive, progressive and businesslike and marking an epoch of progress in 
the city's history. No movement for the advancement of community interests, 
no projects of civic reform or progress lacks his hearty cooperation and active 
support and he has been the instigator of many such measures, his influence being 
always on the side of growth and expansion. He was very influential in secur- 
ing the adoption of wood block paving for the streets in the business district 
of the city and in 1909 signed the contract for the installation of the present sys- 
tem of ornamental street lighting. It was he who inaugurated the salt water 
pressure system for fire fighting which proved very successful during the period 
of its operation. He is a man of true public spirit, a student of the scientific 
aspects of city beautification, a believer in beauty from all standpoints, and he 
has made his ability along this line the basis of a great work of public service 
a work by which Victoria has profited greatly and which has enabled her to take 
and hold her proud position among the most beautiful cities of the world. He 
represented the city in the Alaska- Yukon Exposition held in Seattle in 1909 and 
was chosen to represent it at the Tercentenary in Quebec, having been given 
that honor as the man who best embodies the city's standards and aims and who 
has taken an active part in making them practicable. 



458 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

On the 2 ist of August, 1889, in Victoria, Dr. Hall was united in marriage to 
Miss Sophie Cummings, a daughter of J. L. and Sophie (Lafferty) Cummings, 
natives of eastern Canada, both of whom have passed away. The family is 
of English origin, the paternal grandparents having been born in England. Mrs. 
Hall is an accomplished and talented musician and for twenty-one years was 
organist of the First Presbyterian church, having recently resigned this position. 
At this time she was presented with a gold watch and many other gifts by the 
choir and congregation in recognition of her able service during almost a quarter 
of a century. Dr. Hall has always been prominently identified with all move- 
ments looking toward the moral uplift of the community and has been an active 
religious worker, having organized the Bible class in the Victoria West Methodist 
church and having taught there for fifteen years. He is fond of all kinds of out- 
door sports and takes an especial delight in hunting and fishing, spending a great 
many of his leisure hours in these recreations. His fraternal connections are ex- 
tensive and important. He is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows and the Independent Order of Good Templars, in which latter organization he 
has held several important offices. In addition he belongs to the Sons of England 
and has been presented with a gold medal in appreciation of his capable services 
as auditor of that association. In the Masonic lodge he holds a position of 
importance and was at one time chaplain and auditor of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, of which he is still a member. 

Dr. Hall supports the liberal party and for the past eighteen years has taken 
an active part in politics, lending the weight of his vote and influence and his 
active service t.o the party's interests. In 1900 he was vice president of the 
general Liberal Association and he is now president of Ward i of the local 
Liberal Association. He is a politician in the best sense of the word, a man who 
knows how to meet a present political situation and to deal naturally with its exi- 
gencies, bringing business ability, diplomacy and sound judgment to bear upon 
the problem in hand. A broad-minded, liberal and progressive man, high in his 
ideals, modern in his standards and upright in all the relations of life, he has 
attained an enviable position in his profession, in business and in public life 
and has left and is leaving the impress of his forceful personality upon many 
different fields of endeavor in the city where he makes his home. 



GEORGE MUNRO. 

George Munro is now living retired in Vancouver but for many years was 
actively identified with interests that have resulted most beneficially in the 
development and upbuilding of the northwest. As a railroad builder his work 
has been far-reaching and of beneficial effect. He was born in Sutherlandshire. 
Scotland, May 21, 1845, an d is a son of Murdow and Janet Munro, the former 
a farmer by occupation. George Munro was one of a family of five children 
and like other lads of the locality was accorded a public-school education, after 
which he began assisting his father on the farm. At the age of fourteen years 
he went to work on a sheep farm and soon acquainted himself with the busi- 
ness, taking charge of the managers' horses, though only a boy in years. H 
was employed in that capacity for about three years, when a neighbor took 
contract for railroad building in the locality and in his employ George Munrc 
had his first experience in railroad work. He was thus engaged until abou' 
his twentieth year, when he crossed the Atlantic to Canada, becoming a residen 
of Oxford county, Ontario. A farmer from Canada visiting the old home ir 
Scotland told him of the opportunities open for young men on this side th< 
Atlantic and he decided to try his fortune in the new world. Following hi 
arrival he took charge of a farm, upon which he remained for two years. H< 
later took a position in a grist mill and familiarized himself with the busines 
in principle and detail, so that when the owner went to Kansas to engage ii 




GEORGE MUNRO 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 461 

farming Mr. Munro took full charge of the mill, which he managed until the 
owner returned. In 1871 Mr. Munro went to Port Arthur with his namesake 
and was employed on government work. He saved his money, invested in prop- 
erty and later sold at an advanced figure. He returned to Ontario on the last 
boat which made the trip down the river that year. In December, 1871, he 
engaged with a track-laying gang, building the track from St. Thomas east to 
Buffalo. He was thus employed until April, 1875. At that time work on the 
Canadian Pacific was being begun in the extension of the road to the Pacific 
coast and he entered the employ of Adam Oliver, who had a contract for three 
hundred miles of right-of-way, Mr. Munro being given charge thereof. While 
thus engaged he experienced severe hardships from cold and inclement weather 
and the privations usually attendant upon work on a frontier. After the grad- 
ing was done Mr. Munro had charge of the track laying. When that portion 
of the road was completed he accepted a similar position on the Pacific division 
and started by way of Winnipeg for the coast. Arriving in Winnipeg, he found 
the place was in the midst of a boom, which had brought many settlers and 
adventurers to the city, and unable to find a room in a hotel he was obliged to 
sleep on a billiard table. He continued on his way to St. Paul, thence to 
Omaha, Nebraska; from there to San Francisco, and on to Victoria, British 
Columbia, where he took a boat for Yale. He was present at the turning of 
the first sod for the road at Fort Williams on the 2ist of May, 1875. This was the 
beginning of the construction work on the Canadian Pacific Railway on the east 
end, Persell & Ryan being the contractors. 

Mr. Munro had charge of the loading of the rails and loaded the first car 
of rails for the company. He also had the hotelkeeper's wife blow the whistle 
on the first construction train, while Miss Bailey, the first woman born in the 
Fraser River country, had the first ride on a train in British Columbia. Mr. 
Munro had charge of the track laying until the road was connected with the 
east at Craiglechie on the nth of November, 1885, on which occasion Sir Donald 
Smith drove the golden spike, and Mr. Munro has in his possession the spike 
that was drawn to make place for the golden spike. Mr. Munro recalls with 
pleasure that during his whole railroading career in British Columbia and else- 
where he had seldom, if ever, any trouble with the men working under him, 
although the Chinese at first did not understand the work very well and dur- 
ing the construction period Yale was what is called a wide open town. There 
were several saloons and gambling houses and games of all kinds were going 
all night and Sunday, thousands of dollars being displayed on the tables, which 
were effectively covered with revolvers. However, law and good order was 
kept through the efficient service and by the good judgment of Jack Kirkup, 
who is still in the government's employ. Mr. Munro recalls with pleasure his 
associations with prominent engineers of that time, among them the late Mr. 
Onderdonk, a famous contractor, to whose memory he still pays great respect. 
Other officers whom he well remembers in connection with the construction of 
the Canadian Pacific Railroad are E. G. Tilton, superintendent of construc- 
tion, Mr. Downie, H. E. Beasley and Mr. Marpole. The latter three g^ve him 
the orders for putting on a siding to the railroad wherever he wanted to and 
to call it his siding. It consequently was named in honor of Mr. Munro. With 
the completion of the construction work Mr. Munro returned to Ontario in 
the fall for his family, and in March, 1886, arrived in New Westminster. He 
purchased property on Hastings street in Vancouver, although the thoroughfare 
was then practically a wilderness. He was laughed at for buying, as all thought 
that Port Moody was the coming city, but he had faith in Vancouver and her 
future, because he knew that the terminus of the railroad would be in this 
city. He erected a residence on his Hastings street property but before he 
could occupy it, it was destroyed in the great fire that practically wiped out 
Vancouver. Mr. Munro was the man to whom was given the duty of examin- 
ing the road before the first passenger train was run over it. After complet- 
ing this task and the road being finished, he was offered the position of road- 

voi. m ie 



462 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

master. He went to Kamloops and remained at that place until about two 
years ago, when he retired on a pension. For twenty-five years he continued 
a resident of Kamloops, but in 1911 came to Vancouver, where he held con- 
siderable property. Here he erected his present beautiful residence on Four- 
teenth avenue in Fairview. He then spent the first holiday which he had ever 
enjoyed, in California, where he remained for the winter, greatly enjoying his 
stay in that sunny southern clime. His life has indeed been a busy and useful 
one. On occasions, in connection with his railroad building, there have been 
fifteen thousand Chinamen and fifteen hundred white men working under him. 
On one occasion illness broke out among the Chinamen and in a short time 
fifteen hundred died. On the first pay day the Chinamen were dissatisfied and 
stormed the company's store, in which the clerks had to barricade themselves. 
Mr. Munro relates many interesting incidents concerning the hardships of the 
men engaged in railroad work and their difficulties in securing a sufficient amount 
of food to supply so large a force of workmen. It was a part of his task to 
keep supplies on hand, not only supplies of food but material for the track 
laying and bridge gangs. This was difficult because of the roughness of the 
country, bad weather and other conditions which militated against the work. 

On the 22d of April, 1875, Mr. Munro was united in marriage to Miss 
Emma Wood, of Oxford county, Ontario, a daughter of John and Harriett 
Wood, who were residents of that county. Mr. and Mrs. Munro became the 
parents of two children: Mrs. Brown of Kamloops; and John Alexander, now 
with the Bank of Commerce in Portland, Oregon, with which he has been con- 
nected from the age of sixteen years. 

In religious faith Mr. Munro is a Presbyterian and in politics is a liberal. 
He holds membership with the Sons of Scotland and with the Caledonia Society. 
He is fond of hunting, in which he finds his chief source of recreation. No 
one is more familiar with the pioneer history of the northwest, for he pene- 
trated into this region when it was largely wild and undeveloped, his labors 
being a factor in introducing the agency which more than all others has had most 
to do with the upbuilding and development of this section of the country. His 
life history if written in detail would present a most interesting picture of con- 
ditions here and of the work that was accomplished in railroad construction. 



HAROLD DISNEY. 

The firm of Disney & Tucker, dealers in builders' supplies and also actively 
engaged as contractors and builders in Edmonds, British Columbia, are among 
the foremost in their line of activity in that city and the success which they 
have achieved must be largely attributed to its senior member, Harold Disney, 
who now gives his sole attention to the development of this business. He is one 
of the earlier settlers of British Columbia, coming here in 1888, and was born in 
Greenwich, England, on December 17, 1866, a son of John Norman and Matilda 
(Burrough) Disney, the father a native of Greenwich and the mother of Devon- 
shire, England, where they made their home until their demise. John N. Disney 
was a builder and contractor and was prominent in his native town. 

Harold Disney was educated in the Asks Hatcham school in the suburbs of 
London and at the age of sixteen apprenticed himself to the carpenter's and 
builder's trade with the firm of Holland & Hannen in London, E. C. For five years 
he remained with this firm, faithfully fulfilling his duties and becoming well 
acquainted with the trade, and in 1888 he crossed the Atlantic and came to 
Vancouver, British Columbia, where for one summer he found employment at the 
carpenter's trade. In the following fall he proceeded to Mount Lehman to work 
on his brother's ranch, going with the view of taking up a ranch for himself. 
However, the slow process of clearing the land of the thick forest did not appeal 
to him and concluding that he would receive better returns from his trade, he gave 







HAROLD DISNEY 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 465 

up that idea. Therefore he came to New Westminster in the spring and in 
company with his brother Edmund engaged in contracting and building, being 
successfully occupied until 1895. Dull times prevailing that year had a deterring 
influence upon the building trade and therefore Mr. Disney applied for a position 
at the penitentiary and out of eighty applicants was selected as instructor in 
carpentering to the inmates and in 1903 was made chief trade instructor, serving 
in that important capacity with conspicuous ability and success until May, 1911. 
While holding that position Mr. Disney remodeled the entire prison, built the 
east wing thereof and the new work shops, putting the entire building in an up- 
to-date condition. That his capable services were deeply appreciated is evident 
in the fact that he was retained in the position under four wardens, namely: 
George L. Foster, W. C. Moresby, J. C. White and J. C. Brown. After resigning 
from his official position Mr. Disney built a home in Edmonds and here estab- 
lished himself in his present business of contracting and building, also opening 
a lumberyard and adding a general line of builders' supplies. His success has 
been rapid and the business is considered among the important ones of his city. 

In 1891 Mr. Disney was united in marriage to Miss Mary Burrough, of Lon- 
don, England, and to them have been born four children: Gertrude Jessie, now 
the wife of Arthur Jones, of Seattle, Washington; John Harold; Marjorie Mary; 
and Charles Norman. The three younger children are yet at home. 

Mr. Disney is a member of the Sons of England, belonging to Burnaby lodge, 
of that order, of which he was one of the organizers. He also is a member of 
King Solomon Lodge, No. 17, A. F. & A. M., and is worshipful master of that 
lodge. One of the leading business men of Edmonds and a loyal citizen in every 
sense of the word, Mr. Disney is a potent factor for good in all endeavors under- 
taken to benefit the city. He is highly esteemed by all who know him and his 
actions have always been such as need no disguise. 



JAMES ALBERT ALLEN. 

James Albert Allen, who passed away in October, 1896, was since 
1888 actively and successfully identified with the shipbuilding business in Van- 
couver and at the time of his death controlled important interests along this 
line. He was born in Cumberland county, Nova Scotia. His parents, William 
and Hannah Allen, have both passed away, the father having been for many 
years a well known shipbuilder in that province. In the acquirement of an edu- 
cation Mr. Allen attended public school and after completing the regular course 
was apprenticed to the shipbuilding trade, working under his father for a 
number of years. When he left Nova Scotia he went to Michigan and con- 
tinued there in the lumber business until 1888, when he came to British Columbia, 
turning his attention to his former occupation of shipbuilding. He entered 
into partnership with a Mr. McAlpin, with whom he continued until his death. 
The firm became known as one of the strongest and most reliable of its kind 
in the city and it was entrusted with a great deal of important work, building 
among others the City of Nanaimo and the C. D. Rand sealing schooners. Their 
patronage grew rapidly, both partners being able and far-sighted business 
men and it finally reached extensive proportions. A great deal of the credit for 
the expansion of this business was due to the able work of James Albert Allen, 
who through long practical experience and close observation and study had 
mastered the shipbuilding business in principle and detail, combining with his 
comprehensive knowledge the energy, initiative and enterprise necessary to suc- 
cess in any field. He met his untimely death on the 3Oth of October, 1896, 
while building a dredge on the Fraser river, the staging on which he was stand- 
ing giving way and letting him fall into the river, where he was drowned. 

Mr. Allen married Miss Emma McLaren, a daughter of Daniel and Rachel 
McLaren, the former a prominent farmer of Hants county, Nova Scotia. Mr. 



466 

and Mrs. Allen became the parents of two children, Alice May and William 
Stanley. The family reside at No. 1065 Pacific street and are well known in 
social and religious circles of the city. Mr. Allen was a member of the Masonic 
fraternity belonging to Mount Hermon Lodge of Vancouver and well known 
in the affairs of this organization. During the period of his residence in Van- 
couver he was recognized as a man of genuine public spirit, whose loyalty found 
exemplification in earnest support of all measures for the best interests of the 
community. He manifested both promptness and accuracy in the discharge of 
his business duties and at his death a life of genuine and unostentatious useful- 
ness was brought to a close, Vancouver losing one of the most honored and 
worthy of her early settlers. 



MARSHALL BIDWELL BRAY. 

A man upright and honorable in all relations of life, straightforward in 
business, loyal in friendship and faithful in citizenship passed away when 
Marshall Bidwell Bray died on the 9th of August, 1912. He was at that time 
seventy-two years of age and since 1876 had lived in the Nanaimo district, so 
that he was numbered among its oldest residents, having been a witness of its 
growth and development for more than thirty-five years. During that period 
he made notable and substantial contributions to the section's progress, advance- 
ment and development, giving the best years of an honorable and upright man- 
hood to constructive work in public service. At the time of his death he was 
living retired but had been for twenty-nine years previous government agent at 
Nanaimo. 

Marshall B. Bray was born in Halton county, Ontario, on the 3Oth of August, 
1840, and was a son of Ezra and Mary Ann (Dexter) Bray, the former of whom 
engaged in farming in that part of Ontario during all of his active life. The 
Bray family is of old English origin and its representatives were for a long 
time prominent in the colony of New Jersey but after the termination of the 
Revolutionary war, being United Empire Loyalists, they came to Canada, 
locating in Halton county, Ontario, where members of the family still reside. 

Marshall B. Bray was reared upon his father's farm and acquired his edu- 
cation in the public schools of Oakville, Ontario, dividing his time between his 
studies and work upon the homestead. After laying aside his books he con- 
tinued to assist his father until June, 1862, when news of the gold discoveries in 
the Cariboo district reached the eastern provinces. Fired with a desire to seek 
his fortune in the gold fields, Mr. Bray made the journey by way of the isthmus 
of Panama to British Columbia and went directly to the mines in the Cariboo 
district, where he remained for a number of years. During the time he mined 
on most of the famous creeks of Cariboo Williams, Antler, Lightning and 
Grouse meeting, however, in his mining operations with but moderate success. 
In 1876 he went to Cassiar, where he mined for one summer, coming in the 
following autumn to Nanaimo, on Vancouver island, where for more than 
thirty-five years thereafter he continued as a respected, worthy and honored 
resident. He first secured employment with the Vancouver Coal Company, 
continuing with that corporation until 1878, when he entered the employ of 
James Abrams, who conducted a general outfitting store. In this capacity he 
remained until 1880, in which year he received the appointment as government 
agent at Nanaimo, which position he filled with credit and ability until his re- 
tirement, in 1909, when he completed the twenty-ninth year of his earnest, 
faithful and successful service. Mr. Bray acted at the same time as gold com- 
missioner, assistant commissioner of lands and works for the district, and regis- 
trar of births, deaths and marriages, and besides these public offices managed 
also a large volume of personal business and extensive financial interests. His 
energy was tireless, his capacity great, his ability practically unlimited and his 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 467 

work in the public service and in the conduct of his private affairs was at all 
times discriminating, able and far-sighted. A spirit of enterprise and progress 
actuated him in all that he did, crowning his labor with success and his life 
with the joy of fulfillment. He died on the Qth of August, 1912. 

On October 8, 1883, Mr. Bray was united in marriage to Miss Sarah John- 
ston Randle, a daughter of the late Joseph and Mary (Johnston) Randle, of 
Nanaimo, both pioneers, arriving in British Columbia about 1858. Mr. and 
Mrs. Bray became the parents of two sons, Harry Randle and William Edgar. 
Mr. Bray aside from his important service as government agent, was active and 
prominent in the support of projects and movements for the development of the 
district and the promotion of civic welfare. His life should serve as a source 
of courage and inspiration to others, for he belonged to that class of men who 
build for all time, so that those who come after must follow closely in their 
footsteps or lag behind in the march of progress and civilization. 



GEORGE KING. 

The life of George King offers many splendid examples of the value of 
industry, energy and firm determination in the development of a successful 
career, for these qualities have dominated all of his activities and have formed 
the foundation of a prosperity which places him today among the business men 
of marked ability and substantial worth in Vancouver. He was intimately 
connected with mining and general business development of western Canada 
for a number of years, has been well known in public life in various com- 
munities in British Columbia and he is today in control of an important real- 
estate business in Vancouver and a factor in the growth of the city along 
business lines. 

Mr. King was born in Stratford-on-Avon, England, January 3, 1854, and, 
the youngest in a -family of four children, was left an orphan at an early date 
with no remembrance of his parents. His early life was spent in Shipston, 
about ten miles from Stratford, where he was reared by relatives, remaining in 
their home until he was about twelve years of age, when he was apprenticed to 
a gunsmith for a period of nine years. Before four years had passed, however, 
his master left England and went to the United States and soon afterward Mr. 
King was relieved of his articles. He went to South Staffordshire and in that 
part of England mined for a number of years, or until he left the country on 
the 24th of May, 1878. He took passage on the ship Polynesian, coming to 
Canada, and after landing in Quebec he went to Toronto, Ontario, and thence 
to Stratford, where he remained for two weeks. At the end of that time he 
obtained a' position as a farm laborer in the vicinity, holding it for three months, 
after which he became connected with the Silver Islet mine on an island about 
one mile from the mainland and eighteen miles east of Port Arthur. He thus 
had the distinction of working in the richest silver mine ever discovered in 
Canada and he retained his position for four years, or until the mine was closed, 
after which he moved to the western part of Ontario, settling in Rat Portage, 
where with his two partners he obtained work in the Lake of the Woods gold 
mine. When he was paid at the end of one month he was obliged to go to 
Winnipeg, Manitoba, to get his check cashed and in that city he paid one dollar 
for a position and railroad fare to the Rocky mountains in order to work in 
the interests of the Canadian Pacific Railroad. However, he left the train at 
Medicine Hat and he spent one month in that community, as the railroad had 
not yet been constructed into Lethbridge and the coal mines consequently could 
not be worked. In view of these conditions Mr. King removed to Fort William, 
then .called West Fort William, the terminal of the water stretch route of the 
Canadian Pacific and the station where that system landed all their coal and 
supplies for the western route. After his arrival there he immediately became 



468 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

active in public life, serving with credit and ability in practically all the munici- 
pal offices with the exception of that of mayor and proving businesslike, efficient 
and capable in positions of trust and responsibility. Until 1903 he served the 
people of Fort William but in that year he moved to Vancouver, where he has 
since remained an honored and respected resident. He established himself in 
the real-estate business under the firm name of the Fidelity Real Estate Com- 
pany and his enterprise, founded and given its first impetus toward development 
in the boom days of Vancouver, has steadily grown and expanded, Mr. King 
being today in control of a lucrative and representative patronage. He is a far- 
sighted and discriminating business man and a specialist in his chosen line of 
work, his knowledge of land values being exact and exhaustive and his judg- 
ment as to the direction of city growth practically infallible. In September, 
1910, he completed the King block at Nos. 222, 224 and 226 Harris street, Van- 
couver, and his offices are on the entire ground floor of this modern structure, 
Shakespeare rooms occupying the two upper floors. He has extensive holdings 
in city and suburban real estate and in property in West Vancouver and he has 
extended his business activities to other fields, being a director in the Dominion 
Bed .Manufacturing Company of Vancouver, makers of an entirely new "style 
of. bed, with which they gave a fifty-year guarantee. All of his business affairs 
are capably and progressively conducted and his name has come to be regarded 
as a synonym for integrity, ability and honorable dealings. 

Mr. King is married and has two children, Albert Edward and Delores 
Frances. He belongs to the Progress Club and for the last three years has 
been a member of the executive committee of the Vancouver Conservative Club, 
being interested and active in everything pertaining to civic improvement. He 
gives his political allegiance to the conservative party and is active in politics, 
having served for two terms as alderman of the fourth ward of Vancouver. 
Anything pertaining to the welfare or commercial expansion of the city re- 
ceives his hearty cooperation and active support and his work has been one of 
the greatest single forces in municipal expansion. He is a splendid type of the 
present day business man modern in his views, high in his standards, progres- 
sive in his ideas, a man whose work in the promotion of his individual success 
goes hand in hand with timely activity in the public service. 



BENJAMIN ARMITAGE CUNLIFFE. 

Benjamin Armitage Cunliffe needs no introduction to the citizens of Vancouver 
for, since his arrival here in 1903, he has taken a prominent part in local and 
provincial conservative politics and later turning his attention to the business 
field, has achieved therein an enviable success, being today managing director 
of Ceramics, Limited, and a forceful factor in the general business life of the 
city. He was born in Otley, Yorkshire, England, May 17, 1881, and is a son of 
William Mawson and Eliza (Armitage) Cunliffe, the former a member of an old 
north of England family, originally of Lancashire but for the past four hundred 
years of Yorkshire. The members of this line have been tanners for several 
generations past and the father of the subject of this review is now engaged in 
that occupation. 

Benjamin A. Cunliffe acquired his early education in the Shaftesbury (Dor- 
setshire) grammar school, after which he took entrance examinations to Cam- 
bridge University but did not matriculate. Instead he became apprenticed to the 
leather business, at the same time taking the Yorkshire college course in the 
leather industry. He afterward entered into partnership with his father in that 
line of occupation for two years, severing his connection in 1901 and emigrating 
to Canada, where he settled at Two Creeks, Manitoba, turning his attention to 
farming. In December, 1903, he moved to Vancouver and after engaging in 
various occupations until October, 1907, was made in that year permanent secre- 




BENJAMIN A. CUNLIFFE 






BRITISH COLUMBIA 471 

tary of the Vancouver Conservative Club, to the duties of which position he later 
added those of traveling organizer of the British Columbia Conservative Associa- 
tion. He held these important positions until the general election of 1911, in 
which the conservatives returned five members, and in the following year he 
became clerk of the municipality of Point Grey, acting in that capacity for nine 
months thereafter. He is well known in local conservative politics and at present 
represents Ward 5 in the Point Grey municipal council. He resigned his position 
as clerk of the municipality in November, 1912, and turned his attention to busi- 
ness affairs, organizing Ceramics, Limited, of which he has since been managing 
director. The company imports all kinds of fine porcelains, glassware, statuary, 
cutlery, etc., and the business has had a creditable growth during the one year 
of its existence, Mr. Cunliffe having effectively demonstrated that his business 
acumen equals his political ability. 

On the 23d of February, 1907, Mr. Cunliffe was united in marriage to Miss 
Martha Hodgson, a daughter of William Hodgson, of Yorkshire, England, and 
they have become the parents of three children, Jack Armitage, Harry Hodgson 
and Benjamin William. Mr. Cunliffe is connected fraternally with the Loyal 
Order of Orange. A young man of energy, ability and resourcefulness, he has 
throughout the entire course of his active career made the best possible use of 
his talents and opportunities with the result that he is today widely and favor- 
ably known in Vancouver and stands among the men of marked ability and sub- 
stantial worth in the community. 



CAPTAIN ALFRED R. BISSETT. 

Probably no man in British Columbia is more thoroughly familiar with ships, 
with coast and inland navigation and with everything connected with a seafaring 
life than Captain Alfred Bissett, well know in Vancouver as managing director 
of the Vancouver Dredging & Salvage Company, Limited, and as manager of 
the Bermuda Steamship Company. He was a pioneer in this province, his resi- 
dence here dating from 1887, and he was for a long period one of the greatest 
individual forces in the development and growth of the coastwise trade. He 
is today connected with important business concerns in Vancouver and is widely 
and favorably known in business circles, his energy and ability having carried 
him forward into important commercial relations. 

Captain Bissett was born in River Burgeois, Nova Scotia, February 16, 1863. 
and is a son of George H. and Virginia Bissett, the former an old resident of 
that part of the province. In the acquirement of an education Alfred Bissett 
attended public school in his native province and immediately after laying aside 
his books went to sea, sailing on the north and south Atlantic for several years. 
In 1884 and 1885 he took part in an expedition sent out by the Dominion gov- 
ernment to determine whether Hudson's straits were navigable and if so for what 
length of time, and to determine also the possibility of building a railroad from 
North West to Churchill or Fort Nelson. This work was successfully accom- 
plished and the members of his party also made important meteorological and 
tidal observations at Digges island, at the northern entrance to Hudson's straits, 
where they were stationed for sixteen months. 

Two years after this Captain Bissett came to Victoria, British Columbia, 
having made the journey around the Horn with a number of associates, and in 
the same year engaged in the sealing business off the coast, remaining identified 
with this line of work until 1897 and winning in it success and prominence. In 
the latter year he with several associates built the steamer Selkirk for the 
coastwise trade and Captain Bissett was made master of the vessel until 1905, 
becoming a familiar figure on the coast of British Columbia. In the latter year 
he came to Vancouver, where he assisted in founding the Vancouver Dredging 
& Salvage Company, Limited, of which he was elected managing director, which 



472 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

position he still holds. It has called forth his excellent administrative and ex- 
ecutive ability and has made frequent and large demands upon his efficiency 
and business enterprise, qualities in his character which form the basis of all 
his success. He is in addition manager of the Bermuda Steamship Company 
and one of the most trusted and reliable representatives of that corporation. 

On the loth of January, 1892, in Victoria, Captain Bissett was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Sofia Schnoter, a daughter of Andrew and Emma Schnoter, of 
that city. Captain and Mrs. Bissett have become the parents of four children, 
Lena, Elvira, Ernest and Rudolf. The Captain is a liberal in his political views 
and is connected fraternally with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and 
the Knights of Pythias. Business men in Vancouver respect his integrity and 
admire his ability, freely according him the confidence, regard and esteem which 
he well deserves. He is recognized as one of the most prominent and able men 
in the city, an honor which he has earned by many years of intelligently directed 
effort and strict adherence to high standards of business integrity. 



ROBERT SAMUEL PYKE. 

One of the most widely known and popular traveling salesmen of British 
Columbia is Robert Samuel Pyke, representing the Gutta-percha & Rubber, Ltd. 
He has visited every section of the province and there is no man who has a 
more intimate knowledge of conditions and of the development and progress 
of this western section of the Dominion. He was born in Addington county, 
Ontario, April 30, 1861, a son of James and Martha (Stevenson) Pyke, both 
natives of Belfast, Ireland. The father was actively and successfully engaged 
in the shoe business in Addington county for many years, and in fact was iden- 
tified with the shoe trade throughout his entire life. Both he and his wife 
passed away many years ago in Ontario. 

In the public schools of his native county Robert Samuel Pyke pursued his 
education to the age of fifteen years, when he entered his father's store, there 
continuing for a few years. In 1881 he came to Winnipeg and joined a sur- 
veying party, going thence to Portage la Prairie. From that point they walked 
to the present site of the town of Brandon, and Mr. Pyke has the distinction of 
having staked the first tent ever pitched by a white man on that townsite. He 
also helped to make a survey of the town, at which place the party arrived on 
the 26th of May, 1881. After spending the summer in Manitoba he went to 
Colorado, where he remained for one season, working in the shoe business. In 
the spring of 1882 he returned to Ontario, going to Kingston, out of which city 
he traveled as a salesman for leather and findings. 

Mr. Pyke continued in that business until 1890, when he came to Vancouver 
and joined his brother, J. A. Pyke, in the ownership and conduct of a retail 
shoe business. That association was maintained for twelve years, at the end 
of which time R. S. Pyke withdrew and associated himself with the Vancouver 
Rubber Company, Ltd., which on the ist of January, 1913, was reorganized under 
the name of the Gutta-percha & Rubber, Ltd. Since becoming connected with the 
Vancouver Rubber Company he has traveled throughout the province from 
the international boundary to the Alaskan line and from the Alberta border to the 
Pacific coast. He covers this entire province twice yearly, and few men have 
known this vast area better in its primitive state and throughout, its various 
stages of development and advancement than Mr. Pyke. He is popular with 
the many patrons whom he has won for the corporation which he represents 
and is everywhere regarded as an enterprising, alert and progressive business 
man a splendid representative of commercial interests. 

In Kingston, Ontario, on the 2/th of January, 1886, Mr. Pyke was united 
in marriage to Miss Kate Perdaux, of Belleville, Ontario, and they have one 
son, J. Loren, now a law student in the office of Burns & Walkem. The parents 




ROBERT S. PYKE 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 475 

are active and faithful members of the Wesley Methodist church, of which Mr. 
Pyke is one of the board of governors. He has always been a conservative, 
active in politics and municipal affairs. In Vancouver he was made chairman of 
Ward i Conservative Association and has since filled the intermediate offices until 
he is now president of the Vancouver Conservative Association for 1913. He is 
now serving his fourth year as a member of the board of license commissioners, 
during the first two years as a government appointee and during the last two 
by election of the people. His public record is most commendable, indicating 
his devotion to the general welfare and his loyalty to all that works for the 
betterment of city and province. He is also widely known in fraternal circles. 
Since 1891 he has been a member of the Independent Order of Foresters and has 
ever taken an active part in the work of that society. He was first elected 
high chief ranger of the high court of British Columbia and was active in its 
formation. He represented this province at two supreme court conventions, one 
at Los Angeles, California, in 1898, and the other in Atlantic City, New Jersey, 
in 1902. He is a typical 'representative of his age and district. He carries for- 
ward to successful completion whatever he undertakes and as the years go by 
his labors have been effective forces for success not only in business lines but 
in behalf of municipal advancement and general improvement. 



WILLIAM ADOLPHUS AKHURST. 

It has been said that Europe has her history while America is making hers. 
This is especially true of the west, where each year sees a greatly increased 
population and substantially established and developed business enterprises. One 
of the most extensive and important of the commercial interests of the province 
is the Vancouver branch of the Canadian Fairbanks Morse Company, of which 
William Adolphus Akhurst is the manager. He is alert, wide-awake and readily 
recognizes conditions and the possibilities of a business situation, and in estab- 
lishing and developing the extensive undertaking of which he is now the mana- 
ger he has proven his right to rank with the representative men of this class 
in the community. 

A native of Quebec, Mr. Akhurst was born at Coaticook, January 12, 1878, 
his parents being Robert and Alice (Hunt) Akhurst. The father came from 
Eltam, Kent, England, to Canada about 1870, and settled at Coaticook, where he 
engaged in the agricultural implement business, in which he still continues. He 
was married there to Miss Alice Hunt, whose people also came from England 
and settled in Quebec. 

At the usual age William Adolphus Akhurst entered the public schools, pass- 
ing through consecutive grades of the grammar and high schools, while later he 
pursued a course in mechanical engineering through the International Corre- 
spondence Schools of Scranton, Pennsylvania. Following the completion of his 
course in 1893 he entered the employ of the firm of Sleeper & Akhurst at Coati- 
cook, remaining with them until 1900, when he became draughtsman for the Ca- 
nadian Rand Company at Sherbrooke, Quebec. He was in that position until July, 

1903, when he entered the employ of the Vancouver branch of the Canadian Fair- 
banks Morse Company, Ltd., as salesman, acting in that capacity until October i, 

1904, when he was made assistant manager of the Vancouver branch and so con- 
tinued until the ist of January, 1906. From that date until the I7th of Sep- 
tember he was acting manager and was then made manager of the business in 
this province. The Canadian Fairbanks Morse Company, Ltd., is the selling 
agent for the product of the various Fairbanks Morse factories in Canada, 
which includes the output of the Fairbanks Morse Canadian Manufacturing 
Company at Toronto which manufactures gasoline engines, steam pumps and 
mining machinery; the E. & T. Fairbanks Company, Ltd., at Sherbrooke, 
Quebec, which manufactures scales, valves and brass goods; and the Dominion 



476 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

Safe & Vault Company, manufacturers of safes and vaults, wood split pulleys, 
trucks, etc. The home of the company is at Montreal. They maintain stores 
and warehouses at St. John, New Brunswick; Montreal, Quebec; Toronto, 
Ontario; Winnipeg, Manitoba; Saskatoon, Saskatchewan; Calgary, Alberta; 
and in Victoria and Vancouver, British Columbia. The branch at Vancouver 
of which Mr. Akhurst is the manager is the largest outside the home office. They 
conduct an extensive business under the guidance of Mr. Akhurst arid the terri- 
tory covers all of British Columbia and the Yukon. They have at present 
under construction in Vancouver a new building which will have the largest 
floor space devoted to display and sale of machinery in America. It has been largely 
through the efforts, enterprise and capability of Mr. Akhurst that the business 
in Vancouver has reached its present mammoth proportions. His familiarity 
with the trade in all of its different phases enabled him to direct the policy of the 
new house in such a manner as to secure substantial results. Energy, enterprise 
and determination have been incorporated as factors in every branch of the 
business here and moreover Mr. Akhurst displays notable power in bringing 
about harmonious results from seemingly diverse conditions. He possesses in 
large measure that quality which for want of a better term has been called 
commercial sense, and he seems to grasp with almost intuitive perception the 
strong points and the possibilities of any business situation. 

On the 2 ist of June, 1906, at Coaticook, Mr. Akhurst was married to Miss 
Winifred E. Nunns, a daughter of F. H. Nunns, the owner of woolen mills at 
that place, where he is also engaged in merchandising and in the general insur- 
ance business. Air. and Mrs. Akhurst have one child, Francis Robert. 

Their social position is one of prominence and Mr. Akhurst is a popular 
member of the Vancouver and Terminal City Clubs. He is also an enthusiastic 
yachtsman and is a member of the Royal Vancouver Yacht Club. He owns 
a fine cruising power boat forty feet over all, magnificently finished and fully 
equipped for cruising, and in it he takes many coastwise trips, affording him 
great pleasure and the needed recreation from the onerous duties and responsi- 
bilities that devolve upon him in connection with his extensive business interests. 



JOHN BELL CAMPBELL. 

The history of a country is no longer a record of wars and conquests, nor does 
it record the subjugation of one nation by another. It is the story of man's con- 
quest over matter, his utilization of natural resources and business opportunities, 
and the real upbuilders of a city or district are therefore the men who are most 
active in its business affairs. In this connection John Bell Campbell should be 
mentioned as the president of The Campbell Storage Company, Limited, of 
Vancouver. He was born in Woodville, Ontario, November 21, 1856, and is a 
son of Gregor and Mary (Bell) Campbell, both of whom were natives of Ontario, 
born within a few miles of Woodville. In early manhood Gregor Campbell 
learned the trade of carriage building and later established himself in that business, 
in which he continued for many years. In 1891 he disposed of his interests there 
and came to Vancouver, where he lived retired until his death. His wife has 
also passed away. They had a family of five sons, of whom J. B. Campbell is 
the eldest. The others are: Peter, of Vancouver; Charles, also a member of 
The Campbell Storage Company, Limited, of Vancouver; Archibald, who for 
a time made his home in Vancouver but is now a resident of Toronto ; and 
Gregor, a broker of Vancouver. 

In the public schools of his native city J. B. Campbell pursued his education 
and at the age of fifteen years began to learn the blacksmith trade in his home 
town, following that pursuit until twenty-three years of age. He then married 
and in the spring of 1880 removed to Creston, Iowa, where he entered the employ 
of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company. In the fall of 1883 he 




JOHN B. CAMPBELL 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 479 

removed to Des Moines, where he was made foreman and given charge of the 
blacksmithing department of the Wabash Railroad, continuing at that place until 
February, 1885. He was a resident of Des Moines at the time of the dedication 
of the Iowa state capitol. In 1885 he entered the employ of the Missouri Pacific 
at Atchison, Kansas, in the capacity in which he had previously served. While 
residing in the United States he was a sturdy advocate of democratic principles 
and a strong supporter of Grover Cleveland for a second term as president. He 
took an active part in politics while a resident of Atchison and for two years 
served as a member of the council of that city. He continued with the Missouri 
Pacific until the spring of 1898, when he returned to Canada, settling in Van- 
couver. This was at the time of the gold rush to the Klondike and he was en route 
to Dawson but stopping, as he supposed, for a brief period in Vancouver, he 
decided to remain and in the spring of 1899 embarked in the storage business. In 
this undertaking he met with growing success and in 1910 organized The Camp- 
bell Storage Company, Limited, which was incorporated with J. B. Campbell 
as the president ; his brother, Gregor L. Campbell, as the vice president ; and his 
son, Charles E. Campbell, as the secretary and manager ; while his son, John G., 
and brother Charles were directors. Since starting in this business Mr. Camp- 
bell has given his entire attention thereto and his close application and energy 
have constituted the salient features in his increasing prosperity. The Campbell 
Storage Company, Limited, today has five warehouses and constitutes the largest 
individual storage concern in Canada and one of the largest in America. Its 
agents are found in every part of the civilized world. Plans are now being made 
'for a fireproof furniture storage warehouse with special vaults for storing silver- 
ware and valuables and specially constructed, locked private rooms for people 
who wish free access to their goods and at the same time ample protection. 

Official duties now devolve upon Mr. Campbell, for in June, 1910, he was 
appointed by the government as shipping master for the port of Vancouver. He 
is a liberal in politics and was always an active worker in the party ranks until 
he entered the government service. He was a member of the city council of 
Vancouver for the years 1907, 1908, 1909 and 1911 and exercised his official 
prerogatives in support of many measures which were matters of civic virtue 
and civic pride. In 1909 he was a candidate for the provincial parliament but 
met defeat with the remainder of the ticket. For four years he was a member 
of the fire and police committee and for one year acted as its chairman. He has 
always been especially interested in the police and fire department and it is largely 
due to his efforts that Vancouver has one of the best fire outfits in the Dominion. 
The equipment now consists of eighteen pieces, including hose wagons, chemicals, 
aerial trucks and one self-propelling steam engine. The aerial trucks reach a 
height of eighty-five feet. , The first modern equipment of the department con- 
sisted of two hose carts and a chemical engine of automobile type. 

On the 6th of October, 1879, in Toronto, Ontario, Mr. Campbell was united 
in marriage to Miss Mary E. Sidey, a native of Ontario, and they became the 
parents of two sons, John G. and Charles E. John G. Campbell was born in 
Creston, Iowa, on the i6th of August, 1880, and acquired his education in the 
graded and high schools of Atchison, Kansas. He was for several years engaged 
in the wholesale produce business at Vancouver and subsequently spent two years 
in Dawson City and Yukon. For the past five years, however, he has assisted his 
father in the conduct of his business at Vancouver, now holding the office of vice 
president of The Campbell Storage Company, Limited, and also acting as man- 
ager of the distributing department. On the i8th of December, 1912, he wedded 
Miss Edna Parker, a daughter of John Parker, of Guelph. Ontario. Fraternally 
he is identified with the Woodmen of the World, while his religious faith is that 
of the Presbyterian church. 

Charles E. Campbell, who was born in Des Moines, Iowa, on the i6th of May, 
1885, began his education in the United States but subsequently continued his 
studies at Vancouver. For ten years he was connected with the Corticelli Silk 
Company, Limited, of Montreal, acting for six years of that period as manager 



480 BRITISH COLUMBIA 

for Alberta and Saskatchewan. In 1910 he became secretary and manager for 
The Campbell Storage Company, Limited, and has since ably served in this 
important dual position. On the 5th of June, 1912, he was united in marriage 
to Miss Ethel Bernice Wilson, a daughter of George and Sarah Wilson, of 
Spring Hill, Nova Scotia. He is a worthy exemplar of the Masonic fraternity, 
belonging to Mount Hermon Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and is likewise a member 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Progress, Press and Rotary 
clubs. For the past ten years he has been an active worker in the local ranks 
of the liberal party, now serving as secretary of the Vancouver City and District 
Liberal Association and as secretary of the British Columbia Liberal Association. 
His religious faith is that of the Presbyterian church. 

John B. Campbell is a man of domestic tastes and divides his time largely 
between his home and his office. His love of flowers is manifest and finds expres- 
sion in the beautiful gardens surrounding his home in Linn valley, where he has 
two acres of land. He belongs to Mount Hermon Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and to 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen. In the midst of a busy life, devoted 
to important business interests and official service, he yet finds time and oppor- 
tunity for the higher, holier duties and is a member of St. Andrew's Presbyterian 
church, in which for several years he has filled the office of elder. His life in 
every respect conforms to his religious professions and has commanded for him 
the esteem and honor of his fellowmen. Mr. Campbell is five feet eleven inches 
in height and weighs one hundred and eighty-five pounds. 



HARRY R. GODFREY. 

Harry R. Godfrey, well known in mercantile circles in Vancouver, a dealer 
in sporting goods, is a representative of that class of enterprising young business 
men to whom the west owes its rapid upbuilding and substantial improvement. 
He was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, in 1880, a son of Thomas B. and Lizzie 
(Rowell) Godfrey, both of whom were natives of Ontario, where they were 
reared and married. The grandfather, Thomas Godfrey, was colonel of a regi- 
ment that participated in the Fenian raid, and the father, Thomas B. Godfrey, 
served as a corporal in defense of his country's interests at that time, both father 
and grandfather winning medals by reason of their loyalty and bravery. Re- 
moving from Ontario to Winnipeg, Thomas B. Godfrey there engaged in the 
hardware business for about eight years and in 1888 came to Vancouver, where 
he again established a hardware store, becoming one of the pioneer merchants of 
this city. For fifteen years he was actively connected with the trade interests of 
Vancouver, but in 1903 sold out and now lives retired in Vancouver. His wife 
passed away in 1905. 

Harry R. Godfrey was a lad of eight years when the family removed to the 
coast country, and in the public and high schools of Vancouver he pursued his 
education until graduated from the high school with the class of 1897. He after- 
ward spent six m