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Full text of "British entomology; being illustrations and descriptions of the genera of insects found in Great Britain and Ireland: containing coloured figures from nature of the most rare and beautiful species, and in many instances of the plants upon which they are found"




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^f_X BRITISH ENTOMOLOGY; 

]-^ «T7 I , BEING 

ILLUSTRATIONS AND DESCRIPTIONS 



THE GENERA OF INSECTS 

FOUND IX 

GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND: 

CONTAINING 

COLOURED FIGURES FROM NATURE 

OF THE MOST RARE AND BEAUTIFUL SPECIES, 

AND IN MANY INSTANCES 

OF THE PLANTS UPON WHICH THEY ARE FOUND. 



BY JOHN CURTIS, F.L.S. 

); 
HONORARY MEMBER OF THE ASHMOLEAN SOCIETY OF OXFORD, 
OF THE IMPERIAL AND ROYAL ACADEMY OF FLORENCE, 
OF THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES OF PHILADELPHIA, ETC. 



VOL. II. 
COLEOPTERA, Part II. 



LONDON: 

PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR, 

AND SOLD BY 

K. ELLIS AND CO., 92 GREAT RUSSELL STREET, BLOOMSBURY; 

SIMPKIN AND MARSHALL, STATIONERS* COURT; AND 

J. B. BAILHERE, 219 REGENT STREET. 

1823—1840. 







PRINTED BY RICHARD AND JOHN E. TAYLOR, 
RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET. 



V 



TO 

WILLIAM JACKSON HOOKER, LL.D. F.R.S. &c. 

PROFESSOR OF BOTANY, 
TO WHOSE KINDNESS AND EARLY ENCOURAGEMENT 

THE AUTHOR 

IS GREATLY INDEBTED FOR HIS LOVE OF THE SCIENCE 

TO WHICH HE IS SO STRONGLY ATTACHED, 

AND FROM THE INVESTIGATION OF WHICH 

HE DERIVES SO MUCH PLEASURE, 

THIS VOLUME, 



ILLUSTRATING 



MANY OF THE LOCAL INSECTS AND PLANTS OF SCOTLAND, 



IS DEDICATED, 



AS A SMALL BUT SINCERE TRIBUTE OF HIS REGARD 



AND RESPECT. 



London, Jan. 1, 1826. 




6i/4 






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15- ^^3^ 
614. 
HOLOPARAMECUS DEPRESSUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Corticaridae Curt. 

Type of the Genus, H. depressus Curt. 

HoLOPARAMECUS Curt. 

Antenna nearly as long as the head and thorax, inserted before 
the eyes, clavate, slightly pubescent and 9-jointed, basal joint 
subglobose, 2nd and 3rd long, of equal length, 4 following 
ovate, the 7th being a little the stoutest, 8th and 9th forming a 
compressed club, the former ovate-truncate, the latter orbicular, 
acuminated at the inner angle (6). 
Labrum semiorbicular, but slightly bristly (1). 
Mandibles elongate-trigonate, bifid at the apex, with a broad 
membranous internal margin (2). 

Maxill(B subrhomboidal, terminated by a small bristly internal 
lobe and a larger external incurved one hairy at the apex. Palpi 
short, triarticulate, basal joint obovate, truncated obliquely, 
2nd somewhat cup-shaped, 3rd long elliptical, a little attenu- 
ated (3). 

Labium, &c. undiscovered. 
Head broad trigonate : eyes small, lateral, placed at the base of the 
head. Thorax depressed somewhat obcor date-quadrate, concave be- 
fore, straight behind, with a channel on each side, near to the basal 
angles : scutellum none or concealed. Elytra subelliptical, narrowed 
a little at the base and apex. Wings ample. Legs short : tro- 
chanters slender : thighs inflated, tibiae simply clavate : tarsi rather 
elongated, slender and triarticulate, basal joint short, stoutest in the 
anterior ; 2nd the smallest, Brd the longest and slenderest : claws 
small (5, afore leg). 



Depressus Curt. Ent. Mag. v. \. p. 186. — Guide, Gen. 239. 1. 

Elliptical, depressed but a little convex, shining testaceous : 
eyes black, granulated : thorax broader than the head, indi- 
stinctly punctured, a transverse impressed line near the base, 
which is narrowed, with a sharp longitudinal channel on each 
side, terminating in a fovea towards the disc, the basal angles 
acute and the margins slightly elevated : elytra broadest a little 
below the base, obscurely and sparingly punctured, with a 
channel on each side the suture : length ^ a line. 

In the Author's Cabinet. 



This very minute insect recedes from the typical groups of 
Coleoptera, having only nine-jointed antennae and triarticu- 
late tarsi ; it is, however, undoubtedly allied to Corticaria as 
well as to Latridius (pi. 311.), with which it accords in the 
shape of the antennae and in the numerical structure of the 
tarsi. On a former occasion I stated an opinion that Holo- 
paramecus might be the means of connecting the Corticaridae 
with the Scydmaeni, an affinity which appears to be further 
strengthened by the discovery of the genus Eutheia. 

I took a single specimen of Holoparamecus depressus many 
years since running up the outside of a flour-mill in Norfolk, 
which led me to believe that it fed upon grain ; but I have 
since found several specimens amongst small pieces of decayed 
wood and bark that came from Mexico I believe, and this ren- 
ders it probable that it may live in the crevices and under the 
bark of trees, and also that it is, like many other insects, an 
imported species. 

The Plant appears to be Thlaspi arvense (IxeviclQ. Mustard). 




6o6 



606. 
PARAMECOSOMA BICOLOR. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Corticaridae ? 
Type of the Genus, P. bicolor Curt. 
Paramecosoma Curt, in Ent. Mag. 

Antennce inserted before the eyes, as long as the head and 
thorax, pubescent, capitate and 11-jointed, basal joint stout and 
ovate, 2nd smaller and ovate, 6 following slender, somewhat 
obovate, 3rd the longest, 5th nearly as long, 7th rather longer 
than the 6th, 3 terminal joints dilated and compressed, 9th 
somewhat obtrigonate, 10th broader, cup-shaped, 11th as large 
as the basal joint, suborbicular, but notched externally at the 
apex (6). 

Labruni rather large, transverse, somewhat ovate, with a few 
small bristles on the margin (1). 

Mandibles subtrigonate, one rounded, the other angulated ex- 
ternally, the apex acute and crenated beneath, at least in one, 
with a ciliated notch below (2). 

Maxillce with 2 ciliated lobes, the internal one, apparently, 
forming a claw at the apex, the outer one rounded and broader. 
P«//32 rather elongated, 4-jointed, basal joint small and slender, 
2nd and 3rd stout, cup-shaped, 4th the longest, ovate, at- 
tenuated to the apex which has a gland (3). 
Mentmn subtrigonate, the anterior margin bisinuated, having a 
tooth at the centre. Palpi very short and stout, attached to 
scapes which approximate at the base of the lip, biartictdate, 
basal joint small cup-shaped, 2nd larger and ovate, slightly pu- 
bescent externally, with a gland at the apex (4). 
Head broad, trigonate, obtuse : eyes lateral, prominent and orbicular. 
Thorax a little broader than the head, transverse-quadrate, the sides 
slightly convex, tvith 1 or 2 obscure denticulations, the hinder angles 
acute, the centre convex over the scutel which is transverse-ovate. 
Elytra elliptical, considerably broader than the thorax. Wings large. 
Legs, hinder rather the longest : thighs and tibiae simple, the latter 
a little clavate : tarsi rather long slender and 5 -jointed, basal joint 
slightly elongated, 4th the smallest, 5th the longest, clavate : claws 
long slender and acute (5 f, hind leg). 



Bicolor Curt. Guide, Gen. 241. 1. 

Shining ferruginous clothed with short ochreous pubescence ; 
head, excepting the mouth, eyes thorax and scutellum black, 
strongly and thickly punctured ; thorax convex, with a small 
fovea on each side at the base near the posterior angles : elytra 
with lines of strong punctures very close together. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Walker, Mr. Walton, and the Author. 



This interesting little insect has the trophi of Cryptophagus 
(pi. 160), the antennas of Latridius (pi. 311), and pentamerous 
tarsi ; whether, therefore, the Corticaridae ought to be consi- 
dered as a modification of the Cryptophagi, as the Pselaphi are 
of the Staphylinidae, or whether Paramecosoma alone should 
be transferred to the Engidae, admits of doubt until other ge- 
nera are dissected. Indeed these minute insects will require 
the most rigorous investigation before we can hope to find 
their actual affinities, and decide on the location of many whose 
deviations from typical forms cause such an endless variety 
amongst insects, and so often embarrass the scientific in their 
attempts to form a natural arrangement. 

Mr. F. Walker first discovered P. bicolor at Southgate, and 
Mr. Walton has since taken it in some abundance in July, off 
Furze-bushes growing over the water near Knaresborough in 
Yorkshire. 

The Plant is Arundo Phraginiies, Common Reed. 



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311. 
LATRIDIUS ELONGATUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Corticaridas Cu7't. — Xylo- 
phagi Lai. 

Type of the Genus, Ips transversus Oliv. 

Latridius Herbst., hat., Gyl., Sam. — Tenebrio Lhin., DeG. — Der- 
mestes Fab., Paijk., Punz. — Ips Oliv. — Corticaria Marsh. 
Antenna: nearly as long as the thorax, inserted at the anterior 
angles of the head, clavate, II -jointed, basal joint large globose, 
2nd ovate larger than the six following which are slender, the 
3rd joint being the smallest, 4th and 5th rather longer than 
the (Jth, 7th, and 8th which are oval, the remainder forming an 
articulated club, the 9th and 10th joints being cup-shaped, the 
1 1th the largest subglobose, produced obliquely at the apex (6). 
Labrnm very broad and short, semioval, anterior margin ciliated 
and slightly depressed in the middle (I). 

Mandibles not exserted, coriaceous, corneous at the base, acute 
and slightly bifid at the apex, membranous and ciliated inter- 
nally (2). 

Maxilla terminated by a pilose lobe. Palpi short and robust, 
triarticulate, 1st and 2nd joints large subglobose, 3rd smaller and 
subcoriaceous with 2 or 3 hairs at the apex (3). 
Mentum transverse hexagonal, broadest at the base. Palpi aris- 
ing below the anterior angles, very short and biarticulate, basal 
joint very large and globose, 2nd very minute. Labium short 
broad and ciliated (4). 
Head oblong or subovaie, broadest towards the base. Eyes lateral pro- 
minent and not touching the Thorax, which is subquadrate-cordate 
and much narrower than the elytra. Scutellum very minute. Elytra 
very large and more or less oval. Wings very long. Thighs in- 
crassated. Tibiae simple subclavate. Tarsi A'i-jointed, basal joint 
very obscure, 2nd and 3rd of equal length, 4th very long. Claws 
simple (5). 

Elongatus Curtis's Guide, Genus 243. n. 6. 

Pale castaneous. Head oblong coarsely punctured. Eyes black. 
Thorax oblong, strangulated near the base, coarsely punctured; 
sides margined and slightly recurved. Elytra very long and 
twice as broad as the thorax, elliptical and depressed, each hav- 
ing six rows of very large and strongly impressed punctures, 
the space between the 4tli and 5th forming a sharp ridge. An- 
tennae and legs sometimes paler and tinged with ochre. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Walker, and the Author. 



An elaborate paper by Mr. J. F. Kyber relating to the oeco- 
nomy of one of these little insects, will be found in the 2nd vol. 



of Germar's Magazine, illustrated by figures of the larva, 
pupa, &c. ; thence we learn that they feed on the Mucor found 
upon vegetable and animal substances, and that they were 
particularly attached to some pods of the radish [Raphanus sa- 
tivus) : they are sometimes observed in beer, and are seen upon 
the corks of bottles, which they assist probably to destroy. 

The larvae lived from March to the middle of May ; they 
then changed to pupae, fastening themselves to the sides of the 
glass by their tails with their heads uppermost, and in this state 
they remained about fourteen days. 

These insects prefer dark and damp situations, and are 
commonly found upon the walls of houses, under the bark of 
dead trees, amongst grass, and in fungi : in England there are 
either two broods in a year, (as they are most abundant in 
April and August,) or they live through the year, which is very 
probable ; for most if not all of them are common in moss in 
the winter. Birds and spiders prey upon them. 

The following are British species. 

1. L. lardarius DeG. — quadratus Herb. — acuminatus PayJc. 

— rugicollis Marsh. 113. 23. 
Mr. Samouelle says it is found in hedges and sandy places 
in April, May, and August. 

2. L. rugicollis Oliv. 2. pi. 3./ 19.— Gyll. 4. 137.--The only 

specimen I have seen, I took manv years since in 
Norfolk. 

3. L. porcatus Herb.'—Panz. 23. 9. — Germ. Mag. v. 2. tab. 1. 

Jl 1-6. — marginatus Payk. — puUa Marsh. 111. 14. — 
minutus Linn. P 
March, April, and May; damp paper and old wood in 
houses ; Mr. Samouelle. 

4. L. hirsutulus Steph. — hirtus Gyll. P v. A', p. 139. 

5. L. transversus Oliv. v. 2. n° 18.pl. 3. f. 20. —Marsh. 109. 

10. — sculptiUs Gyll. 
March, April, May, and August; hedges and sandy places; 
Mr. Samouelle. Common in Norfolk. 

6. L. ruficollis Marsh. 111. 17. — constrictus Gyll. 

April, May, and August ; sandy places and hedges ; Mr. 
Samouelle. In plenty in moss in Suffolk. 

7. L. elongatus Curtis Brit. Ent.pl. 311. 

Taken by Mr. F. Walker in abundance out of moss col- 
lected in the winter, in the vicinity of Southgate; and I have 
received it from the New Forest. 

This insect is readily distinguished from L. rujicollis, which 
it most resembles, not only by its uniform colour and its larger 
size, but the thorax is more elongated and not so broad before, 
and the punctures on the elytra are larger in proportion and 
more regular. 

The beautiful plant represented is Ophrys apifera (Bee 
Ophrys). 



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283. 

BITOMA CRENATA. 

Order Coleoptera. Fam. Corticaridae Curt. 
Xylophagi Lat. 

Type of the Genus, Lyctus crenatus Fab. 

BiTOMA Herb., Lat. — Lyctus Fab., Payk., Panz. — Ips Qiw. — Ditoma 
Lat., Leach. 

AntenncE inserted before the eyes, on each side of and under the 
clypeus, not much longer than the head, capitate and slightly 
pilose; 11 -jointed, 1st and 2nd joints larger than the 3rd, the 
former subglobose, the 3rd and 5 following subquadrate, gra- 
dually increasing in diameter, the 9th larger, cup-shaped, the 
1 0th and 1 1 th forming a compressed club, the former cup-shaped, 
the latter suborbicular (6). 

Labrum rather transverse-oblong, the angles truncated and 
ciliated (1). 

Mandibles not porrected, bent, acute, bifid at the apex, hollowed 
externally towards the base, the internal margin cut out and 
producing a ciliated membrane (2). 

Maxilke terminated by a rounded lobe, strongly ciliated with 
bristles and a narrow lobe on the inside. Palpi short robust and 
rather pubescent, 4-jointed, basal joint minute, 2nd obtrigonate, 
3rd subquadrate, 4th as long as the others united, elongate- 
ovate, compressed at the apex (3). 

Mentum transverse, sides convex, the angles acute. Labiiiin 
long, cordate, the anterior margin ciliated. Palpi rather short, 
inserted above the base of the lip, triarticulate, basal joint mi- 
nute, 2nd rhomboidal, 3rd elongate-ovate, with a vesicle at the 
apex (4). 
Head obtuse. Eyes small remote, lateral. Thorax quadrate. Scu- 
tellum minute. Elytra depressed, oblong, narrow and rounded at the 
apex. Wings very ample. Legs short. Thighs incrassated. Tibiae 
simple, furnished with very minute spurs at the apex. Tarsi alL 
4-jointed, the \st joint subquadrate, 4th long subclavate. Claws 
bent and acute (5). 



Ckenata Herb., Fab., Oliv., Panz., Payk., Lat. 

Rather dull black. Head and thorax covered with shallow punc- 
tures ; antennse and margin of the clypeus pale castaneous. 
Thorax with a slight channel down the centre and a curved line 
on each side, forming an elongate oval area on the back, and 
nearer each lateral margin is a longitudinal carina. Elytra with 
a considerable portion of the base and apex bright ferruginous ; 
5 longitudinal carinse on each with 2 rows of square punctures 
between them, as if stamped. 



In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



Latreille first termed the group to which Bitoma belongs 
Xylophagi, but he has since divided it, and called the portion 
that includes our insect Trogossitarii : and Mr. W. S. Mac- 
Leay's family Engidae, as he has sketched it in the 1st part 
of the " Annulosa Javanica," would comprehend our Corti- 
caridae. 

Since it requires a correct combination of genera to form 
a natural family, a more difficult task cannot fall to the lot of 
the entomologist, until the whole group on which he is writing 
has been carefully investigated ; and for this reason I have 
omitted the families in the " Guide to an Arrangement of 
British Insects." In the present instance I have separated 
those tetramerous insects which live beneath the bark of trees, 
and have characterized them by the term Corticaridag ; and 
this family will comprise the genera between Scydmsenus 
(which I believe to be closely allied to this group) and Hypo- 
phlaeus. 

The pretty insect, which is the type of the genus Bitoma 
(called sometimes Ditoma, by mistake I apprehend), has .been 
frequently described and figured : it had not, it appears, been 
detected in England when Mr. Marsham published his " Co- 
leoptera." But a few years after, Mr. Haworth captured two 
specimens at Little Chelsea, in July. It has subsequently been 
found under the bark of trees, in May, June, July, and Au- 
gust ; and I have twice met with it in considerable abundance 
under the bark of beech-trees, in the New Forest. 

The plant is Origanum vulgare (Wild Marjoram). 



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579. 
RHYZOPHAGUS BIPUSTULATUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cerylonidae Curt. 
Type of the Genus, Lyctus ferrugineus Payk. 
Rhyzophagus Herb., GylL, Curt. — Cerylon Lat. — Lyctus Fab., 
Payk., Panz. — Corticaria Mars. — Ips Oliv. 
AntenncB attached to a little shoulder just before the eyes, scarcely 
longer than the head, capitate, pilose, 11 -jointed, basal joint 
stout, subovate, narrowed at the base, 2nd subovate, 3rd nearly 
as long as the 1 st but slender, 5 following small, subquadrate, 
9th larger, the remainder forming a globose hairy club, the 10th 
joint being the largest, the 11th transverse with the centre pro- 
duced like a 12th joint (6). 

Labrum very short and broad, scarcely projecting beyond the 
clypeus, ciliated and bristly, having 2 long parallel ones at the 
centre (1). 

Mandibles rather elongated, rounded externally, the apex notch- 
ed, with a minute tooth beneath terminating a long leathery 
margin on the inside, ciliated towards the top (2). 
Maxillee slender, composed of 2 lobes, the internal one broad 
rounded and ciliated very densely towards the apex, the external 
forming a long slender coriaceous palpiform lobe, apparently 
articulated at the apex. Palpi stout and 4-jointed, basal joint 
small, 2nd subobtrigonate, 3rd bowl-shaped, 4th the longest, 
ovate-conic, the apex fleshy (3). 

Mentum rather large, transverse, the anterior angles rounded, 
the centre produced and forming a base to the Lip which is 
semiovate, the centre with a small notch. Palpi short stout 
and composed of 2 joints, the 1st obconic-trigonate, 2nd a little 
longer and ovate, the apex fleshy (4). 
Head ovate, contracted at the base, the clypeus considerably narrowed 
and semiovate : eyes small lateral and distant from the Thorax, 
■which is generally oblong : scutellum suborbicular. Elytra narroiv, 
linear, twice as long as the thorax, rounded at the apex, but not co- 
vering the abdomen. Wings ample. Legs short, nearly alike in 
size : thighs incrassated : tibiae very much dilated at the apex and 
compressed, with a short stout spine at the apex : tarsi slender, 5, 5 
and 4-jointed, 3 first joints in the anterior short, and clothed with 
long hairs betieath, 4th small, 5th long and clavate (5) ; hinder pair 
with the 3 frst joints short, the 2nd being very hairy beneath, 3rd 
the smallest, 4th long and clavate : claws simple (5 f, hind foot). 

BiPUSTULATUs Fab. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 250. 4*^. 

Smooth, shining, piceous ; clypeus, antennae and legs ferrugi- 
nous ; thorax oblong-obovate, truncated before, sparingly but 
strongly and regularly covered with oval punctures, rather closer 
on the head : elytra with 8 or 9 striae on each, deeply and re- 
gularly punctured, shoulders castaneous with a round or lunate 
ferruginous spot towards the apex, which is margined vrith the 
same colour, the shoulders more castaneous. Obs. some speci- 
mens have the elytra entirely black. 

In the Author s and other Cabinets. 



Although this genus had been placed by Latreille and other 
writers with the Tetramera, I always considered that it was 
allied to Hypophla;us (pi. 430.), and it was consequently placed 
before that genus in the Guide; it was therefore very satisfac- 
tory to find on examination that Khyzophagus is really an 
Heteromerous group, as stated by Gyllenhal. The trophi, as 
might be expected from their similar ceconomy, are consider- 
ably like those of Hypophlaeus, with the exception of the ex- 
ternal lobe, which is dissimilar to any I am acquainted with ; 
and the antenna? resemble some of the Nitidulae. 

The following species have been found in England ; they ge- 
nerally live under the barkofdead trees in thewinter andspring. 

1. ferrugineus Ph. Rufous-ferruginous, thorax subquadrate, deeply punctate, 
elytra strongly punctate- striate, antennae with the basal joint fuscous. Gyll. 
1^ to 2.V lines long. 

Under baik of Pines, May and June, Manchester, Mr. Wood : 
Stafford and Parley Dorset, Mr. Dale: bark of beech trees, 
December, Meldon Park, Mr. Wailes. 
1". dopressusi^ai. Rufous-ferruginous, subdepressed, beneath rufous-piceous, 

thorax subquadi-ate, neatly punctured, elytra finely punctate-striate. Gyll. 

\i line. 

Under bark of dead trees, especially Oaks ; from Norfolk 
as well as H. terebrans. 

2. cylindricus Steph. not of Panz. Cylindric, ferruginous, thorax subpunc- 
tate, elytra deeply punctate-striate. Steph. 2\ lines. 

This and No. 5. have been found near London. 
2^. terebrans OUv. v. 2. n. 18.pl. \.f. 7. Brown-ferruginous, without spots; 
elytra with crenated striae. Oiiv. '2,]^ lines. 

3. rufus Wilk. Narrow, rufous-ferruginous, thorax finely punctate, elytra 
faintly punctate-striate. Steph. 1^ line. 

New Forest, Mr. Dale ; North of England, Mr. Davis. 

3^. cribratus Gt/U.4.6o7. Narrow, rufous-ferruginous, thorax quadrate, deeply 
but sparingly punctured, elytra striate-punctate, punctures remote. Gyll. 
1-J- line. 

4. bipunctatus Herb. — dispar Pk. — elongata Oliv. pi. 2.f. 1 5. Rufous-ferrugi- 
nous, linear, shining, thorax oblong, finely punctate, narrowed behind, elyti'a 
punctate-striate, with a broad piceous black fascia at the middle. 1^ line. 

Under bark of Oaks, Swansea, Mr. Dillwyn ; Yorkshire, 
Mr. Matthews. 
la. bipustulatus Fab. — dispar /3 Pk. clavicornis Herb. C. 5. pi. 45./. 10. K. 

— taxicornis Mars. — Curt. B. E. pi. 579. 

May and June under bark of Elm and Beech-trees, Ken- 
sington Gardens; Norfolk; January, Weston-on-the-Green, 
Mr. Matthews ; New Forest, Mr. Dale. 

5. parvulus Pk. Piceous-black, shining, subdepressed, antennte and legs 
ferruginous, thorax subquadrate, finely punctate, elytra lurid-testaceous, 
punctate-striate. Gyll. 1 line. 

6. obsoletus Spence. Elongate ovate, ochreous, very glossy, deeply but spar- 
ingly punctured, thorax large, sides a little convex ; elytra ovate and co- 
vering the body, with 5 or G coarse lines of punctures on each. 4 line. 

Mr. Spence first discovered this at Hull, and I have taken 
it in Noifolk. 

The Plant is Carpinus Betuliis (Horn-beam Tree). 



430. 
HYPOPHL^US BICOLOR. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Tenebrionidas. 

Type of the Genus, Hypoplilseus castaneus Fab. 

HvpopuL^us Fab., Lat., Fanz., GylL, Curt. — Ips OUv. 

AntenncE inserted in a cavity before the eyes, shorter than the 
thorax, clavate pilose and 1 l-joitited, basal joint strangulated in 
the middle, 2nd minute, 3rd oblong, 4th subglobose, the re- 
mainder larger and cup-shaped but compressed, both sides having 
a serrated appearance, terminal joint the largest and ovate (6). 
Labrum exserted, transverse-oval, the margin ciliated (1). 
Mandibles elongate-trigonate, slightly hooked and pointed, one 
simple, the other with a partial margin on the outside, a small 
tooth beneath the apex and a short membranous and ciliated 
margin below it (2). 

MaxillcB short, terminated by a large lobe, pubescent at the apex, 
ciliated externally ; internal lobe small and long, dilated and 
ciliated at the apex. Palpi short rather stout and 4-jointed, 
basal joint small, 2nd and 3rd subovate, 4tli the largest, some- 
what securiform, but truncated very obliquely (3). 
Mentum dilated and rounded before : Palpi arising from the 
anterior margin, not very remote, rather short and stout, tri- 
articulate, basal joint a little curved, 2nd obovate, truncated 
obliquely, 3rd longer, ovate-conic. Lip large and broad, ciliated 
with a few bristles (4). 
HeViA rather small : eyes small but prominent and oval. Thorax o6- 
long convex : scutellum minute. Elytra very long convex and ellip- 
tical. Wings ample. Legs short : thighs slightly notched beneath 
near the apex : tibise compressed, gradually narrowed to the base, 
spurred: tarsi 5-jointed, posterior 4-jointed, all the joints short, ex- 
cepting the last which is long and clavate : claws simple and hooked 
(5 afore leg, 5 f hind leg). 



BicoLOR Oliv. 2. No. 18. pi. 2./. 14.— Curt. Guide, Gen. 252. 2. 
In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



This little group is allied to Tenebrio (^jZ. 331.) on the on 
hand, and probably to Rhizophagus on the other; but al- 
though it has the habit of an Ips, it is certainly in no way re- 
lated to that genus. 

Like those insects, the Hypophlaei live under the bark of 
trees where they breed ; but in this country they are by no 
means common. //. bi color was not known to Mr. Marsham 



when he published his Coleoptera, although it has since been 
occasionally met with in some abundance. 

The following are said to be British species of Hypophlseus. 

1. H. castaneus Fab. — Panz. 12. 13. — taxicornis Oliv. 2. 

No. i8.pl. \.j: 2. 

Length 3 lines. Shining castaneous brown, firmly punc- 
tured, thorax oblong, elytra very long, punctate-striate, with 
a row of punctures between them. 

Specimens of this rare insect are preserved in the cabinets 
of the British Museum, Mr. Kirby and Mr. Vigors, said to 
have been taken under the bark of an Elm-tree near Ply- 
mouth by Dr. Leach, and in the New Forest, I believe, by 
Mr. Bydder. Gyllenhal says it is found under the bark of dead 
trees, especially the Beech. 

2. H. bicolor Oliv.— Panz. — Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 430. 
Shining rufous, thickly and minutely punctured ; eyes black; 

thorax suborbicular, the posterior angles slightly acuminated; 
elytra (excepting the base) and apex of abdomen black, the 
former with the punctures disposed longitudinally, but irre- 
gularly. 

Lives under the bark of Elms ; also of the Oak and Birch. 
For specimens of this pretty little insect I was first indebted to 
my friend E. T. Bennett, Esq. who took them in abundance 
in a Boletus in Kensington Gardens ; it has been taken also 
in February, April, and May, at South Creak in Norfolk, 
and Sydenham in Kent ; and in October I found a specimen 
under the bark of an Elm-tree in Camberwell Grove. 

3. H. depressus Fab. — Panz. 1. 23. — unicolor Oliv. 2. No. 18. 

pl.2.f.S. 

Length \\ line. Shining ferruginous red, immaculate, de- 
pressed, thorax short, subquadrate, elytra punctate-striate. — 
Gyll. 

Lives under the bark of dead trees, especially the Oak, and 
is occasionally met with in flowers in Sweden. Specimens are 
said to have been taken in June in Copenhagen Fields, and 
near an Elm in Gray's Inn, by Mr. Ingpen; and an insect 
detected under the bark of an Oak near Swansea, is supposed 
by Mr. Dillwyn to have been this species. 

The Plant is Convallaria majalis (The Lily of the Valley). 



53/ 




dU:^c/^^'^-^^^^' 



7- n^o 

331. 

TENEBRIO OBSCURUS. 

The Flour-beetle. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Tenebrionidae hat. 
Type of the Genus, Tenebrio Molitor Linn. 
Tenebrio Linn. &c. 

AntenncE inserted under the margin of the head, before the eyes, 
not longer than the thorax, filiform, naked and 1 1 -jointed, basal 
joint oval, 2nd rather the smallest, 3rd a little the longest, 4th 
somewhat longer than the 5th and 6th which are subpyriform 
and truncated, the remainder cup-shaped, excepting the terminal 
joint which is subglobose (6). 

Labrum inserted under the clypeus, transverse semiovate, slightly 
emarginate in the centre and thickly ciliated (1). 
Mandibles short, subtrigonate, circular outside, acute but emar- 
ginate at the apex, with a quadrate notch on the inside and a 
subcoriaceous margin (2). 

MaxillcE small, bilobed, internal lobe lanceolate, producing a claw 
at the apex, pubescent and ciliated ; external lobe longer, broader 
and very pilose. Palpi rather long 4-jointed, basal joint slender 
and short, 2nd longer pyriform, 3rd not so long, 4th as long as 
the 2nd, slightly hatchet-shaped (3). 

Mentum obtrigonate-truncate, anterior angles rounded and ci- 
liated, anterior margin subcoriaceous. Labium not so broad, sub- 
cordate, pilose on the upper side near the fore part. Palpi rather 
short, attached to 2 small scapes at the base of the lip, triarticu- 
late, basal joint the slenderest, 2nd obovate, furnished with strong 
bristles, 3rd longer, elongate-ovate, truncate (4). 
Head suborbicular. Eyes narrow vertical and emarginate on the inside. 
Thorax subquadrate or slightly transverse, somewhat narrowed before, 
nearly or quite as broad as the elytra at the base. Scutellum trun- 
cated at the apex. Elytra elliptical. Wings ample. Legs rather 
strong and short. Thighs ; anterior incrassated. Tibiae ; anterior 
curved, all having very short spurs at the apex. Tarsi short rather 
pilose, anterior and middle pair b-jointed, basal joint short, d follow- 
ing somewhat cup-shaped, 5 th long clavute, notched at the apex to 
receive the C\a.ws which are simple, posterior pair (of) 4-jointed, 
basal joint as long as the terminal (5, afore leg). 



Obscvrvs Fab. E. S. l.pars \.p. 1 11.5. — Curtis's Guide, Gen. 253.2. 
Dull black, minutely and thickly punctured. Antennae and palpi 
castaneous, especially the 4 terminal joints of the latter. Thorax 
as long as it is broad, convex, ovate-truncate, broadest at the 
base, posterior angles slightly acuminated, a transverse channel 
at the base, terminated on each side, before the apex, by a 
short impressed line. Elytra elliptical, with a faintly punctured 
and abbreviated stria next the scutellum, and 8 others con- 
tinued to the apex, the interstices with an obscure row of tuber- 
cles down the middle of each. Legs and underside subcastaneous, 
the tarsi brighter. Larva shining pale brown. 

Li the Author's and other Cabinets. 



The larvae of the Tenebriones, called Meal-worms, are a fa- 
vourite food of the Nightingale ; they feed upon bran, meal 
and flour, amongst which they live and undergo their meta- 
morphoses. Sturm has figured the larva and pupa of T. Mo- 
litor ; and Mr. Davis having obligingly supplied me with spe- 
cimens, I have the pleasure of adding a figure of that of 
T. obscurus to my Illustrations : it is of a much darker colour, 
and there are a few bristles on each side the first annulation : 
the proleg beneath the tail was very distinct when the larva 
was alive. The beetles fly in the evening or during the night, 
and are found in mills, granaries and bakehouses, and amongst 
dirt in houses, concealing themselves in the day. 

It is probable that none of the Tenebriones were originally 
natives of our island ; but as two of them are naturalized, 
breeding here, and being found every year in various parts of 
the kingdom, they are now included in our Fauna. 

1. T. Molitor Linn.-^Sturm D. F. pi. ^6.—Panz. 43. 12.— 

Sam. pi. ^.f. 1. 

Shining piceous, minutely and thickly punctured. Antennae, 
trophi legs and underside dull castaneous: head rather small; 
thorax transverse, convex, the sides sliglidy reflexed, posterior 
angles acute ; a transverse channel close to the base terminated 
on each side by a foveolet. Elytra broader, with an abbreviated 
punctured stria next the scutellum, and eight others reaching 
nearly to the apex. Larva pale cream colour. 

This is the common species, and is found all over the 
country, generally in April, May and June. 

2. T. obscurus Fab.— Curtis Brit. Ent. pi. 331 .— Morio Herb. 
Mr. Davis has reared this insect, which probably does more 

mischief than the common one ; for T. Molitor prefers damp 
and damaged flour, it is said, whilst the larvae of T. obscurus 
prefer that which is dry and sound. The beetle appears early 
in April, and in May Mr. Davis found the larvae, pupse and 
imago, all alive together. Professor Lindley found this insect 
in vast abundance at Stilton ; and it has been discovered in 
American flour, with which it may have been imported. In 
Sweden it is rare, and from an observation of Gyllenhal's it 
has probably been introduced there by commerce. 

3. T. ferruginea Sturm D. F. pi. 47 D. 

I do not subjoin any of the synonyms, because I think there 
is some doubt concerning them ; at least neither Sturm's figure 
nor my specimen have an abrupt clava to the antennae, as de- 
scribed by Fabricius in his account of Trogosita femiginea, 
which is the same as Colydiwn castancum Herbst, and possibly 
the Tenebrio fuscus Oliv. ; but his T. ferrugineus referred to 
by Gyllenhal I am inclined to think belongs to the Corticaridae. 

It has been found in old bran in bakehouses, but I have 
reason to believe it only appears casually. 

The plant is Lithospermum arvense (Bastard Alkanet, or 
Corn Gromwell). 




c^.^c/:t&.^^c^ ^--^'^^ 



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363. 
ULOMA FAGI. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Tenebrionidge. 

Type of the Genus, Tenebrio Mauritanicus Fab. 

Uloma Dej., Sturm. — Usoma Meg.? — Phaleria Lat. — Tenebrio Fab. 
AntenncjE inserted before the eyes, under the margin of the head, 
scarcely so long as the thorax, robust, straight and slightly cla- 
vate, pubescent, 1 1 -jointed, basal joint curved, narrowed at the 
base, 2nd the smallest, 3rd longer than the following, 4th 5th 
and 6th subquadrate, the 4 following cup-shaped, most produced 
on the inside, 11th orbicular (6). 

Labrum transverse-oval, the base straight, anterior margin pilose 
and slightly emarginate (1). 

Mandibles bent, margined and pilose externally, bifid at the 
apex, internal margin fleshy and pubescent at the centre (2). 
Maxilla short, terminated by an elongated lobe rounded and 
pubescent at the apex, producing a shorter lobe on the inside, 
furnished with a strong tooth at the apex and ciliated with bristles 
beneath. Palpi robust, 4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd elongate 
obtrigonate, longer than the 3rd which is trapezate, 4th the 
largest, oval and truncated obliquely (3). 

Mentum subquadrate, the sides produced and rounded anteriorly, 
posterior margin concave. Lip transverse, narrowed at the base, 
angles rounded, anterior margin pilose. Palpi short and robust, 
triarticulate, 1st and 2nd joints small, the latter cup-shaped, 
3rd large subovate, bent at the base (4). 

Head semiorbicular, rnargin of the chjpeus sometimes dilated, projecting 
in a lobe over the Eyes, which are rather small and lateral. 
Thorax transverse or quadrate, the base undulated. Scutellum 
subtrigonate. Elytra elongate-oval. Wings ample. Thighs ro- 
bust. Tibiae spurred at the apex, anterior slightly dilated and 
serrated externally (5). Tarsi, anterior and intermediate 5-jointed, 
. the 4 basal joints very short (5) ; posterior 4-jointed, basal joint 
nearly as long as the terminal (5f). Claws simple. 
Obs. The dissections are taken from the species figured. 



Fagi Panz. 61. 3. — Curtis s Guide, Gen. 254. 3. 

Shining piceous, more or less castaneous, thickly and firmly 
punctured all over: Mouth, antennae, legs, underside and some- 
times the margins of the thorax castaneous : Head with a trans- 
verse impression at the base of the clypeus: Thorax as broad, 
sometimes broader at the middle than the Elytra, on which there 
are 9 punctured striae; the sutural one being very short. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



This group is so similar in economy and structure to the 
Tenebriones (at least the British ones), that I think they might 
be included in one Genus : they are both characterized by 



having the margin of tlie clypeus producetl in a lobe back- 
ward over the eyes, so as to divide a portion of them. 

It is very probable that all the following species have been 
introduced into England with corn and flour from foreign 
countries ; the two first, however, appear to be naturalized, 
and the others are occasionally found alive in bake-oflfices. 

1. U. Mauritanica Fab. Ent. Syst. 1. 113. 15. 

Length 3 lines. Shining piceous, minutely punctured all 
over: mouth, antennae, legs, underside, margin of clypeus, 
anterior angles of thorax and apex of elytra castaneous : head 
with a transverse impression at the base of the clypeus : thorax 
scarcely so broad as the elytra and narrowed anteriorly : elytra 
with 9 punctured strise on each, the sutui'al one abbreviated. 

This insect is larger than the next, and not so thickly punc- 
tured; the striae are deeper, the thorax is gradually nar- 
rowed before, and the anterior angles are castaneous. It is a 
native of the Caribbee Islands, and I have received several 
from Senegal. Dr. Stephenson used to find it abundantly in 
October amongst ashes in London, and one was taken out of 
a dead cricket; and I have a specimen found in Copenhagen- 
fields, where this or the next species is not uncommonly taken 
under the turf. 

2. U. Fagi Panz.—Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 363. 

For living specimens of this insect, as well as the larvae, 
which resemble those of Tenebrio (pi. 331), I am indebted to 
William Longman, Esq., who took them in great plenty in 
the month of May, at the back of a baker's shop in Pater- 
noster Row, where the pavement had been taken up. 

3. U. cornuta Fab. Ent. Syst. 1. 112. 13. — Lat. Gen. Cms. 

pi. 10. f. 4 & 5. 

Length 2 lines. Linear ferruginous, minutely punctured : 
eyes black. Male with the mandibles forming two porrected 
horns in front of the head, recurved and acute ; two teeth on 
the crown of the head near the base ; margin of the clypeus 
dilated: thorax somewhat lunulate-quadrate : elytra with 10 
punctured striae on each, the 1st abbreviated. 

A native of Portugal. Living specimens have been found 
by Mr. Sparshall in some ears of the Maize, that was grown 
I believe near Norwich ; and Mr. Cooper has frequently de- 
tected it in his bread in London. 

4. U. Iseviuscula Wilk. Mss.—Curt. Guide 254. 2. 

Length 1^ line. Ferruginous ochre, shining, minutely 
punctured: eyes black: mandibles forming 2 porrected and 
incurved horns, with 2 tubercles at the base of the head and 
a deep channel across the crown : thorax subquadrate : elytra 
with 10 punctured striae on each, the 1st abbreviated. 

From the Cabinet of the late Mr. Honey : the specimens 
were taken in London. 

The plant is HeIleborHs/(vtidt{s (BQav's-fooi). Communicated 
by the Rev. Professor Henslow. 



3/9 






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319. 

OPATRUM TIBIALE. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Tenebrionidae Lat. 

Type of the Genus, Silpha sabulosa Linn. 

Opatrum Fah., Lat., Sam. — Tenebrio Geof., Mars. — Silpha Linn. 
AntenncB inserted under the clypeus, as long as the head, cla- 
vate, producing short spiny bristles, 11-joinled, basal joint the 
longest, curved, 2nd cupshaped, 3rd nearly as long as the 1st, 
three following subglobose, the remainder cupshaped, increasing 
in size, the 9th 10th and 11th forming the club, terminal joint 
suborbicular and pubescent (6). 

Labrum suborbicular, emarginate before, sides ciliated (1). 
Mandibles thick, trigonate, excavated on the inside and pro- 
ducing a leathery lobe (2). 

Maxilla small, dilated at the base, terminated by 2 narrow pilose 
lobes, the internal one horny and bifid at the apex (c) ; external 
one the largest and articulated. Palpi not long but stout, 
hatchet-shaped and 4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd large elon- 
gate-ovate, 3rd much shorter, 4th trigonate (3). 
Men turn pyriform, truncated at the base. Palpi short, arising 
from behind the mentum, apparently biarticulate, basal joint 
subtrigonate, 2nd twice as large, somewhat elongate-conic, thin 
at the apex. Labium concealed but ciliated (4). 
Head transverse ovate, the sides angulated ; clypeus semicircular, 
emarginate in front. Eyes small, placed behind the angles of the 
head. Thorax transverse, semiorbicular, deeply concave before and 
sinuated behind, where the angles are acute. Scutellum minute. 
Elytra oval, the sides inflected. Wings not longer than the body, 
unfit for Jtight. Legs neither long nor robust. Tihidd compressed 
and dilated at the apex, especially the anterior pair which are slightly 
serrated externally, and producing small spurs. Tarsi ; 4 aiiterior 
^-jointed, monilform, excepting the last joint which is long and in- 
crassated at the apex (5)j posterior pair 4-jointed, basal joint 
longer than the 2nd and 3rd, which are moniliform, ^th long. 
Claws bent and acute (5| a portion of hinder tibia and tarsus). 



TiBiALE Fab. Ent. Syst. — Curtis's Guide, Genus 256. 2. 

Black, shining, thickly and strongly punctured. Thorax with 
5 shining spots, 2 of them lunulate on the disc, 2 minute ones 
behind and an ovate one above the scutellum. Elytra with the 
surface uneven, and 2 or 3 irregular and slightly elevated lines 
on each. Legs slightly castaneous. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets, 



The internal lobe of the maxillae assumes a more perfect cha- 
racter than usual in Opatrum, being horny and bifid at the 
apex like that of Blaps, which genus it slightly resembles in 
other respects. 

There are only two species of the true Opatrum inhabiting 
Britain, both of which live in sandy situations. 

1. O- sabulosum Linn. Faun. Suec. 150. 456. — Panz. 3. 2. — 

Sam. pi. 2.f. 8. — rugosus DeG. 

Dull black, very thickly and minutely punctured. Thorax 
broadest at the base. Elytra covered with minute warts, 3 
waved elevated lines on each, with a few shining spots down 
each side, and a row next the suture. 

Taken the end of April and May at Coomb-wood, Bungay 
in Suffolk, in a gravel-pit at Lakenham near Norwich, and 
the middle of July and in September at Dover. 

2. O. tibiale Fah.—Curt. B. E. pi. 319.— Panz. 43. 10. 
Found as early as March in Hants ; the end of April in 

gravel-pits and rabbit-warrens at Great Witchingham, Nor- 
folk, where the plant* represented in the plate was growing, 
also the middle of May on the sandy cliff at Southwold, Suf- 
folk, in abundance ; and on the sand-hills near Swansea. 

There are two other insects which may be here recorded, 
one named 

3. O. ? Marshami Steph. ; — the other 

4. O. ? obsoletus (Tenebrio) Marsh, p. 475. 2. 

" Black, thorax excavated before, truncated behind, elytra 
striated, obscurely rugose. Length 5 lines. 

"Description. Antennae filiform, 11 -jointed. Thorax slightly 
convex, roughly punctulate, excavated before in the form of 
a lunule, truncated behind. Elytra obscurely striated and 
rugose. Body beneath deep black, and rather shining." 

The plant is Peltidea canina (Ash-coloured ground Liver- 
wort). 

* In the Entomological Transactions, the late Rev. J. Barrel stated, that he 
found 0. iiiJafeinabundance on the Lichen rangifcrinus .--not understanding crypto- 
gamous plants, I might have misnamed the Lichen I found at Great Witching- 
ham, for I now feel convinced that it was the Peltidea canina. 



3-/4 




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314. 
SARROTRIUM MUTICUM. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Tenebrionidae Lat. 

Tijpe of the Genus, Hispa mutica Linn. 

Sarrotrium ///., Fab., Lat. — Oithoceius Lat. — Hispa Linn., Panz., 
Mars. — Dermestes Linn. — Ptilinus Fab. — Tenebrio DeG. 
Antenna inserted before the eyes on each side the clypeus, rather 
longer than the head, perfoliate, robust, clothed with scaly hairs 
and very pilose, excepting the 2 basal joints ; 10-jointed, 1st 
and 2nd joints subovate, the remainder cupshaped, increasing 
in diameter to the last, which is not so broad, and less pilose 
and ovate (6). 

Labrum horny, semicircular and ciliated (1). 
Mandibles small, bent, somewhat acute, external and internal 
margins sinuated, the latter produced and forming a submem- 
branous pubescent lobe (2). 

Maxillce small, with 2 lobes, long linear and pilose, especially 
at the apex, the external one the broadest. Paljn not long but 
rather stout and slightly pilose, 4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd 
and 3rd somewhat cupshaped, 4th subovate-truncate (3). 
Mentum very rigid, sparingly pilose, subsemicircular, emargi- 
nated before. Labium narrower, horny and naked, subquadrate, 
slightly concave before. Palpi inserted in cavities on each 
side, short and triarticulate, basal joint very minute, 2nd subglo- 
bose, 3rd subconic, with a vesicle at the top and producing a 
few bristles (4). 
Head Jiat subquadrate. Eyes small lateral. Thorax rather broader 
and convex, subquadrate, but rounded a little behind. Scutellum 
minute. Elytra convex, elliptical. Wings ample with a yellow spot 
on the inferior margin. Legs rather short. Thighs not very robust. 
Tibiae stout and simple, not spurred. Tarsi nearly as long as the 
tibicB, all 4-joinfed, basal joint a little larger than the 2nd and 3rd, 
which are subglobose and depressed, 4th as long as the others united, 
subclavate. Claws short, stro7ig and simple {5, afore leg ; 5 1 por- 
tion of hind leg). 

MuTicuM Linn. Syst. Nat. p. 604. ?i. 4. — Curtis's Guide, Gen. 257. — 
clavicornis Linn. F. S. — hirticornis Lat. 

Dull black, rugose, covered with very short depressed rigid and 
somewhat hoary bristles. Antennae with the two basal joints 
gray. Head and thorax rugose with punctures, the former 
sloped off a little in front, and the sides elevated towards the 
front, where the antennae are inserted j the thorax has a very 
large channel down the middle, sometimes interrupted and form- 
ing a fovea at the base. Elytra with 3 elevated lines on each, 
and 2 rows of large punctures between each of the ridges. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



The remarkable antennae of this insect, which are alike in both 
sexes, will distinguish it from all others that are related to it ; 
and the idea that was once entertained of its affinity to Hispa, 
was a very mistaken notion, which could only have had its 
origin for want of knowledge of their structure ; for although 
Sarrotrium is tetramerous, the penultimate joints are not bi- 
lobed ; the antennae are remote and only ten-jointed, and the 
trophi are evidently those of Latreille's Heteromera, and in 
the mandibles we recognise an important character which be- 
longs to that tribe, an inner margin notched and producing 
a fleshy lobe. 

The labrum in the specimen dissected is not symmetrica], 
probably from its having been injured when the insect was 
first excluded ; but as I had not another that could be spared 
for the purpose, I was obliged to make use of it. 

Mons. Latreille having adopted Illiger's generic name in 
his " Families Naturelles," I have only followed him in giving 
the preference to it, although there is no doubt that Ortho- 
cerus has the right of priority. 

Sarrotrium muticum is by no means a common insect in this 
country, although it has been taken in various parts of the 
kingdom, always in gravel-pits or on sand-hills, generally on 
the coast ; and it is said to be found at the roots of Peltidea 
canina (Plate 319). In Norfolk it has been captured by the 
Rev. T. Skrimshire, near Burnham; and the late Mr. Joseph 
Hooker met with it in January, on Mousehold heath near 
Norwich. Mr. Millard discovered it near Swansea, where 
Mr. Jeffreys has since taken it very plentifully in summer, 
and Mr. Davis the middle of last April on Crwmlyn Burrows. 
Mr. Samouelle states that it has been found near Hampstead 
in June and July; and in the former month Mr. R. Wood of 
Manchester has met with it at Crosby or Formby near Liver- 
pool. Mr. Newman also captured 3 or 4 on Blackheath the 
beginning of last May. 

The plant is Picris {Helminthia Juss.) echioides (Bristly 
Ox-tongue). 



786 








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586. 
BOLITOPHAGUS AGRICOLA. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Diaperidae. 

Type of the Genus, Bolitopliagus Agricola Fab. 
BoLiTOFHAGus ///., Fab., Gyll., Curt. — Eledonaia^. — Opatrum Oliv.y 
Fab., Mars. — Diaperis OUv. 

AntenncE inserted before the eyes, under the margin of the cly- 
peus, curved, clavate, pubescent, and 11 -jointed, basal joint 
stout, curved, and semilunate, 2nd ovate-truncate, 3rd pear- 
shaped, 4th the smallest, the remainder remotely articulated, 
produced a little on the inside appearing slightly serrated, and 
gradually increasing in size, 5th and 6th broadest at the base, 
4 following cup-shaped, 10th considerably the largest, 11th 
suborbicular (6). 

Labrum not symmetrical, transverse, semiovate and hairy (1). 
Mandibles strong and trigonate, curved and bifid at the apex, 
the internal margin notched and covered by a large transparent 
lobe (2). 

MaxillcB terminating in a large suborbicular lobe, very hairy at 
the apex, with a small one on the inside. Palpi rather short, 
slightly pubescent and 4-jointed, basal joint minute, 2nd elon- 
gate obtrigonate, 3rd shorter, slightly chalice-shaped, 4th the 
longest, elliptical, ovate at the apex (3). 

Mentum oblong, truncated at the base, dilated, ovate and a little 
concave before. Labium rather broad, horny in the middle, 
with a transparent lobe on each side, ciliated in the middle. 
Palpi short, remote, attached to the sides of the horny centre ; 
triarticulate, basal joint minute, 2nd subglobose, 3rd the longest 
subovate, elongated and glandular at the apex (4). 
Head exserted, transverse, anterior margin forming a sharp ledge and 
projecting in a lobe over the Eyes lohich are small lateral and glo- 
bose. Thorax twice as broad as the head, transverse-ovate, the sides 
margined and slightly denticulated, anterior angles produced : scu- 
tellum small and trigonate. Elytra broader than the thorax, cylin- 
dric and rounded at the apex. Wings very ample. Legs moderate : 
tibiae broad, short and comjiressed : tarsi inserted in a groove near 
the inner angle, short, 5-jointed, (5, afore leg) ; posterior 4-jointed 
(t), with the basal joint nodose at its insertion and resembling a joint, 
1 following cup-shaped, terminal joint elongated, stout and subclavate :. 
claws strong and curved. 

Agkicola Fab. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 258. 1. — sulcatus Thunb. — 
agaricicola Lat. 

Dark chocolate colour ; head variolated, thorax rugose with 
large punctures and minute tubercles, lateral margins narrow, 
ferruginous and denticulated ; elytra with 9 sharp elevated striae 
on each, with lines of large deep punctures between them ; 
mouth antennae and legs ferruginous. 

In the Author s and other Cabinets, 



The genus Bolitophagus was established by Illiger, and being 
adopted by Fabricius and other writers to the present time, I 
have employed it, although I doubt whether Latreille's name 
Eledona has not the right of priority. Illiger's is evidently not 
correctly written, since it was intended to imply that these in- 
sects feed on Boleti, and it must be admitted that the specific 
name Agaricola is much more apposite than the Fabrician 
one; no unnecessary innovations, however, must be allowed, I 
have therefore copied the names literally, although they were 
corrected in the Guide. 

Bolitophagus seems to be related to Sarrotrium (fol. 314.), 
thereby forming a connexion with the Tenebrionidse, and it is 
undoubtedly allied to Diaperis (fol. 358.); Latreille places it 
between that genus and Tetratoma (fol. 123.) in his " Genera 
Crustaceorum," &c., but it follows Hypophlaeus (fol. 430.) in 
his " Families Naturelles." 

Mr. Wilkin had an idea that he had discovered a new spe- 
cies of Bolitophagus, and the mistake arose from very few spe- 
cimens being known at that time, and it was a pale-coloured 
individual, with the surface appearing more perfect than usual, 
from the sculpture being free from the particles of the Boleti 
that they live upon, which often fill and obliterate the punc- 
tures and other indentations. The only species therefore 
known to inhabit this country is the 

B. Agricola Fab. — Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 586. 

This insect inhabits Boleti, especially amongst oaks, and is 
sometimes found in abundance in May and June. Mr. Kirby 
has taken it in Suffolk in the Agaric of the Willow ; I once 
took 2 or 3 out of a Boletus on a Pollard Elm in Norfolk. 
Mr. Ingpen has met with it in Kensington Gardens, and Mr. 
Hope at Netley in Shropshire. 

For specimens of the pretty Autumnal Squill {Scilla autum- 
nalis) I am indebted to Mr. C. Fox, who gathered them on 
Blackheath. 









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298. 
HELOPS PALLIDUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Tenebrionidae. 

Type of the Genus, Helops caraboides Panz. 

Helops Fab., 01., Lat., Leach, Sam., Panz., Sturm. — Tenebrio Linn. 
— Blaps Marsh. 

AntenncE inserted close to the eyes at the base of the mandibles, 
as long as the head and thorax, slightly thickened and com- 
pressed towards the extremity, pubescent; 11 -jointed, basal 
joint rather robust, 2nd the smallest, 3rd the longest, the re- 
mainder not longer than the 1st obovate, terminal joint oval (6). 
Labrum exserted, transverse-oval, ciliated, furnished beneath 
with a coriaceous membrane projecting beyond the anterior mar- 
gin (1), 

Mandibles rounded externally, bent acute and slightly bifid, 
emarginate on the inside and producing a coriaceous lobe (2). 
Maxillce small, terminated by an articulated lobe, spongy and 
pubescent at the apex, with a small one on the inside ciliated. 
Palpi 4-jointed, basal joint small and bent, 2nd long robust and 
pilose, 3rd short semilunulate, 4th large securiform (3). 
Mentum small, obtrigonate, truncate. Lip thin horny subcor- 
date and ciliated. Palpi short attached to indistinct scapes near 
the centre of the lip, triarticulate, 1st and 2nd joints minute, the 
former curved, the latter subtrigonate, 3rd joint large, subcornu- 
form, curved, the apex being whitish globose and spongy (4). 
Head suborbicular. Eyes small lateral. Thorax convex cordate-trun- 
cate or subquadr ate. ScuteWum small a7id triangular. Elytra cow- 
vex oval. Wings shorter and narrower than the elijtra and trun- 
cated at the apex. Thighs robust. Tibiae dilated towards the apex, 
spurs very small. Tarsi entire, 5 -jointed, anterior pair dilated in 
the males, especially the 2nd and 3rd joints (5), posterior pair 4- 
jointed (5f). Claws simple and hooked. 



Pallid us Nob. 

Pale ochraceous, shining, thickly and minutely punctured. An- 
tennae darkest at the apex. Eyes black. Thorax transverse 
rather narrowed behind, the basal margin ferruginous, and the 
angles rectangular. Suture ferruginous. Elytra with 8 rather 
irregularly punctured striae on each. Tips of the thighs and 
claws ferruginous. 

Obs. In some specimens the punctures on the elytra are scarcely 
visible, and the striae are much fainter. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Walker and the Author. 



This genus is distinguished from Blaps not only by differ- 
ences in the trophi, but the elytra are separated, having short 
wings or rudiments beneath them, and the anterior tarsi are 
dilated in the males, as in the Carabidae. Latreille observes 
that the larvae are similar to those of Tenebrio. 

The following are British species of the genus Helops. 

1. H. caraboides Panz. 24. 3. — Sturm's Deut. Faun. 2. pi. 50. 

— dermestoides ///. — striatus Oliv. P — Spartii Marsh. 

p. 481. 

Rather larger than No. 2 ; elongate-ovate, piceous bronzed, 

thickly punctured. Thorax broadest at the base. Elytra 

with 8 punctured striae on each. Antennae and tarsi subfer- 

ruginous. 

This insect may be found, I believe, during the whole year 
in most parts of England, at the roots of trees, under grass, 
and upon the broom. 

2. H. pallidus Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 298. mas. 

At first sight this insect looks like an immature specimen 
of H. caraboides ; but independent of the colour, the thorax is 
differently formed. This fine species, which is new to Britain 
and appears to be undescribed, was discovered the end of last 
September by Mr. H. Walker and his brother at Barmouth, 
North Wales. Several specimens were found at the roots of 
grass close to the sea. 

3. H. lanipes Linn. Mant. 1. 533. — Fab. — Panz. 50. 2. 
Twice as large as No. 1 ; elongated, very glossy, brown 

with a brassy tinge. Head and thorax thickly punctured. 
Elytra with 8 deeply punctured striae on each, the interstices 
slightly punctured. 

Supposed to have been taken under the bark of trees in 
Devon by the late Mr. Cranch, in June. 

4. H. caeruleus Fab. — chalybeus Rossis Oliv. — violaceus 

Marsh, p. 4^80.— Sain. pi. 4./ 4. 

As large or larger than the last, and similar in form, but 
generally more robust. Deep blue with a violet tinge. Head 
and thorax thickly and strongly punctured. Elytra punc- 
tured, with 8 strongly punctured striae and an abbreviated one 
next the scutellum on each. Antennas and legs blackish ; 
tarsi brown, fulvous beneath. 

Found in decayed trees, and under bark ; also in houses 
and sandy situations at Norwich and other places, in April, 
May, June and July. 

The plant is Statice Armeria (Common Thrift). 




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148. 

BLAPS OBTUSA. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Blapsidae Lat.^ Leach. 

Type of the Genus Tenebrio mortisagus Linn. 

Blaps Fab., Lat., Ol'w., Leach. Tenebrio Linn., Geoff., DeGeer. 
Antennce inserted before the eyes, subfiliform, 1 1 -jointed, basal 
joint pear-shaped, 2nd minute^ 3rd long, 4 following of equal 
length, the 7th being the largest, the remainder moniliform, the 
last subconic (fig. 6). 

Lahrum exserted, transverse-ovate, slightly emarginate, pilose, 
with a thick brush of hair on each side near the centre of the 
anterior margin ( 1 ) . 

Mandibles large, bent, broad and bifid at their apex, fleshy on 
the internal side (2). 

MaxillcE bilobed, internal lobe slender, bent, horny and bidentate 
at the apex, ciliated internally, outer lobe thick ovate, hairy at 
the apex. Palpi rather long, 3-jointed, basal joint long clavate, 
2nd shorter clavate, 3rd large obtrigonate (3). 
Mentum small, not covering the base of the maxillse, transverse- 
ovate. Lip large subcordiform, ciliated with strong hairs. Palpi 
inserted on each side the lip, 3-jointed, basal joint short, 2nd 
robust trigonate, 3rd large securiform (4). 
Head rounded, rather small. Eyes small, lateral, lunular. Thorax 
sub-quadrate. Scutellum very small or wanting. Elytra connate, 
sides injiexed, apex mucronate especially in the males, in which sex 
there is a fascicle of hair at the base of the 2nd abdominal joint be- 
neath (10 a), Wings none. Legs long, robust. Tibiae simple, 
spurred. Tarsi alike in both sexes, 4 anterior 5 -jointed, posterior 
pair A-jointed. Claws long. Pulvilli none (5, a fore leg). 



Obtusa Fab. Ent. Syst. Supp. p. 46. — similis Lat. Hist. Nat. t. 10. 
p. 279. — lethifera Marsh, p. 479. n. 2. 

Male black, naked. Head thickly and minutely punctured. An- 
tennae shorter than the thorax, all the joints excepting the 3rd 
being moniliform. Thorax transverse, anterior angles very much 
rounded, finely and thickly punctured. Elytra very broad, con- 
vex, acuminated at the apex, coarsely and thickly punctured. 
Process between the posterior coxae narrower than in B. morti- 
saga, a tuft of yellowish hair arising in the middle, at the base 
of the 2nd abdominal segment (f. 10, underside of abdomen). 
Female broader, less shining, scutellum none 3 elytra more ob- 
tuse and less acuminate. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



If it were not well known that the larvae of the Heteromera 
are exceedingly different from those of the predaceous Penta- 
mera, it might be difficult to ascertain whether their relation- 
ship had not a greater claim than that of analogy ; and more 
satisfactory examples to confirm our opinion cannot perhaps 
be adduced than the genus before us and Cychrus : — their an- 
tennae are not very dissimilar, they are destitute of wings, and 
the elytra are united, the palpi are hatchet-shaped, and in the 
maxillae the resemblance is still maintained in the internal lobe 
which is bent and acute, and the external one which assumes 
the same dilated form. Blaps is, however, less perfect in 
structure, having fewer joints in the palpi and posterior tarsi ; 
the mandibles, mentum and lip, are very different, &c. 
There are 3 British species : viz. 

1. B. gigas Linn. — gages Fab., Panz. fasc. 96. n. 1. 

2. mortisaga Linn., Panz. fasc. 3. n. 3. 

3. obtusa Fab. 

A single specimen of the magnificent B. gigas was found in 
the stump of a felled tree in 1824 on Portsea Common, and is 
now in the cabinet of J. H. Griesbach, Esq. 

B. mortisaga, which is supposed to be the Blatta of Pliny, 
is found as early as April in dark and damp places, in churches, 
cellars, kitchens, &c. It has a very fetid scent, and, like Ache- 
rontia Atrojpos, has been regarded by the superstitious as an 
omen of misfortune. It is most tenacious of life, one having 
lived upwards of 3 years with Mr. H. Baker without food, 
and revived after having been kept in spirits of wine a whole 
night : this I have observed myself in Coccinellce, two of which 
re-animated after being 24 hours in the same spirit. 

No figure of B. obtusa having come to our knowledge, ex- 
cept indeed one of Schaeffer's, it cannot be otherwise than 
useful, especially as it is often confounded with B. mortisaga. 
It is very much broader than that species, more convex, less 
shining, more coarsely and thickly punctured ; the antennae 
are much shorter, the female has no scutellum, and that of the 
male is nearly obsolete. It is not common, but has been 
abundant in stables at Norwich and cellars at Hertford in 
June. 

Blaps sulcata, an Egyptian species (Latreille informs us), is 
employed by the Turks to alleviate pain of the ear, and to 
cure the sting of the scorpion. The women of Turkey also 
cook this insect in butter to fatten themselves. 

The plant is Helleborus viridis (Green Hellebore), commu- 
nicated by Professor Henslow. 



/ss 




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155. 
MELANDRYA CANALICULATA. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Melandryadae Z^flc/i. HelopiiZ/O/. 

Tijpe of the genus Chrysomela Caraboides Linn. 

Melandrya Fab., Lett., Gtjll. — Helops Fah. — Serropalpus III. — 
Chrysomela Linn. 

AntenncB inserted before the eyes, rather short, filiform, 1 1 -joint- 
. ed, pubescent, basal joint somewhat larger than the 3rd, 2nd the 
smallest, the remainder gradually decreasing in length to the 
end, terminal joint subovate (fig. 6). 
Labrian rather large, transverse-ovate, hairy (1). 
Mandibles subtrigonate, very broad at their base, acute at the 
apex, having a square notch on the internal margin, covered by 
a membranous lobe 5 external surface hairy (2). 
MaxillcB very small, bilobed, external lobe ovate ciliated, jointed 
near the base, internal smaller linear hairy. Palpi porrected, 
very long and large, 4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd long, cla- 
vate truncate, 3rd subturbinate, 4th large ovate, truncated ob- 
liquely and fleshy on the internal side (3). 
Mentum very small, coriaceous, quadrate, dilated at the base. 
Lip nearly as large as the mentum, cleft in the centre and thickly 
ciliated. Palpi attached to the lip, short, robust, 3-jointed, ter- 
minal joint the largest, compressed, dilated at the apex (4). 
Head nutant. Eyes ovate lateral. Thorax y?rti, subtrapezoid, broadest 
at the base, posterior margin sinuated. Scutellum triangular. Co- 
leoptra subelliptic. Wings broad, scarceli/ longer than the body. 
Legs robust. Tibiae simple spurred at their apex, those of the ante- 
rior pair being the smallest. Tarsi tvith the penultimate joints bi- 
lobed ; 4 anterior 5 -jointed (5) ; posterior pair 4-jointed, basal joint 
. long (5 t). 



Canaliculata Fab. Ent. Sijst. v. 1. pars \. p. 119. n. 10. — Gyll. Ins. 
Suec. t. 1 , pars 1. p. 535. 

Black with a bluish tinge, minutely punctured, covered with 
short black pubescence. Thorax subtrigonate, truncate, poste- 
rior margin sinuated, angles acute, an obscure channel down the 
centre and a fovea on each side at the base. Elytra with 4 lon- 
gitudinal furrows, obliterated at the base, forming 5 elevated 
convex lines. Trophi ferruginous. Antennae and legs piceous 
inclining to castaneous, the former lightest towards the extre- 
mity : the tarsi with the terminal joint ferruginous. 

In the Cabinet of Mr. Bentley. 



The genus Melandrya was first established by Fabricius, who 
had before united it with Helops. Latreille in his early works 
formed a family of the Helopii, including Helops, Melandrya, 
Serropalpus, Hallome7ius, Orchesia, Pytho, Lagria, and Nilio. 
In his " Considerations Ge7ierales^' he has extended his family by 
uniting the Tcnehrionites, Diaperiales, and Helopii, designating 
them by the former appellation; and in his '^^ Families Natu- 
relles" Melandrya, Conopalpus, Dyrcea, Hypulus, Serropalpus, 
and Nothus, constitute the tribe Securipalpi, uniting the Helo- 
pii by the Cistelides, which appears to be natural, and is simi- 
lar to the arrangement proposed by Dr. Leach. Melandrya 
is considerably allied to Mycetocharus Lat. in habit, and to 
Sc7'ropalpus &c. in oeconomy. The mandibles present a cha- 
racter which we noticed in Byrrhus, and which obtains also in 
Cantharis — a notch on the internal side covered with mem- 
brane. 

There are but 3 species of our genus recorded, 2 of which 
are British. 

1. M. Caraboides Limi, — serrata Fab., Paiiz. 9. 3. 

This is by no means an uncommon insect during the months 
of March, April, May, and June, under the bark of decaying 
trees, upon which probably the larvae feed. I have found 
specimens also running upon the pollai'd willows in Battersea 
fields, and took one on the wing in Coombe Wood. 

2. M. canaliculata Fah., GylL 

The only British specimen at present known is the one 
figured, which was met with flying near Brockenhurst in the 
New Forest the middle of June 1823, by Mr. Bentley. The 
specimen agrees very well with Fabricius's description, except 
that the legs and antennae are entirely piceous. Panzer's 
figure of it is by no means so good as his usually are ; and 
the striae converge to the suture, which if correct would sepa- 
rate ours from it : the same error, however, occurs in his figure 
of the other species in our copy of his Fauna Insectorum Ger- 
maniccE. 

The beautiful variety of Symphytum oj^cinale (Common 
Comfrey) I gathered the middle of last September upon San- 
down Marshes in the Isle of Wight ; and at the same time I 
found several specimens with flowers of the richest purple, 
and others entirely green. 




(MS. 




ri- 



622. 
OMOPHLUS ARMERI.E. 

Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cistelidae. 

Type of the Genus Cistela picipes Fab. 
Omophlus Meg,, Dej., Sol. — Cistela Fab. 

Antenme inserted close before the eyes, half the length of the 
insect, slightly pubescent, 11 -jointed, basal joint ovate, 2nd 
the smallest, somewhat cup-shaped, 3rd long, clavate, the 
following shorter, slightly increasing in breadth from being com- 
pressed, terminal joint as long as the third, subulate at the 
apex (6 portions of the base and apex). 
Labrum pocket-shaped, ciliated, emarginate in front (1). 
Mandibles rather slender, curved, acute, with an obtuse tooth 
on the inside at the middle, and a membranous margin ciliated 
above (2). 

Maxilla small, terminated by 2 elongated lobes, the internal 
one linear, a little curved, dilated at the back near the apex and 
ciliated, the outer one much larger, dilated towards the apex and 
clothed with hairs. Palpi much longer than the labial, clavate 
and 4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd and 3rd long, narrowed 
at the base, 4th a little longer, broader, and somewhat hatchet- 
shaped (3). 

Mentum transverse-ovate. Labium forming 2 large divaricating 

ciliated lobes. Palpi remote, arising from scapes at the anterior 

angles of the mentum, triarticulate, basal joint the slenderest, 

2nd obtrigonate, 3rd large and somewhat hatchet- shaped (4). 

Slightly depressed. Head subovate, being narrowed and elongated 

anteriorly : eyes small, lateral, remote. Thorax transverse, sides 

a little convex, the angles rounded : scutel small, semiovate. Elytra 

long, elliptical, rounded at the apex • wings ample. Legs of equal 

length: tibiae compressed, narrowed at the base, spiny outside, 

spurred at the apex: tarsi 5, 5- and A-jointed, basal joint a Utile 

elongated in the anterior, 3 following turbinate ; basal joint the 

longest in the hinder pair : claws rather long and pectinated beneath 

(5 afore, f a hind tarsus). 



Armeei^ Curt. — Guide, Gen. 263''. 1. 

Black, shining, thickly and minutely punctured, clothed with 
short erect hairs ; trophi dull ferruginous ; antennae brown, the 
apex black ; head and thorax with hoary hairs, the surface un- 
even, the former with a small fovea on the crown, the latter 
with a shallow channel down the centre, vanishing before, and 
terminating in a fovea behind ; elytra testaceous, clothed with 
very short pubescence, with 8 or 9 shallow lines formed of 
punctures ; tibiae more or less castaneous at the apex ; tarsi 
pale chestnut. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Dale and the Author. 



Omophlus is very different in habit to Cistela, iVom which it 
has been removed by Megerle, and the variations in the trophi, 
the shorter antennae, remote and small eyes and transverse 
thorax, render their separation necessar3\ This genus com- 
prises a considerable number of species, principally inhabiting 
the South of Europe, and I know of none found so far to the 
North as that before us, unless it be one from Siberia, named 
by Gebler. 

O. ArmericE seems to be nearly allied to Cistela picipes of 
Fabricius, in which the base of the antennae and the tibiae 
alone are piceous, the elytra being testaceous ; or it may be 
synonymous with Megerle's Pinicola or his pallidipennis^ but 
not having access to his works I am unable to decide at pre- 
sent. 

For specimens of this rare and interesting insect, which I 
have named from the plant to which it seems to be attached, 
I am indebted to my excellent friend Mr. Dale, who took 
them the 20th of last June on the flowers of the Thrift, at the 
Chesil Bank in the Isle of Portland. Mr. W. W. Saunders 
showed me a specimen of Omophlus taken in August, 1833, at 
Wyke near Weymouth, which I supposed at the time to be 
curvipeSf but I have now no doubt that it was our new species. 

The Thri/L having been already published in pi. 298, the 
Plant now represented is Polygonum Bistorta, the Great Bis- 
tort. 



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73 '7^3^ 

594. 

CISTELA CERAMBOIDES. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cistelidae. 

Type of the Genus, Chrysomela ceramboidesZzww. 

CisTELA jPa6., Lat., GylL, Curt. — Helops Fab. — Crioceris and Blaps 
Mars. — Chrysomela Linn. — Pyrochroa DeG. 
Antennce generally longest in the males, shorter than the body, 
inserted before the eyes close to the base of the mandibles, fili- 
form and 11-jointed, basal joint ovate, 2nd small subglobose, 3rd 
sometimes scarcely larger, in others as long as the 1st, 4tli and 
following long, linear, compressed and narrowed at the base, 
sometimes serrated, especially in the males, terminal joint 
elongate- ovate (6, the base and apex). 

Lahrum semiorbicular, pilose, the margin slightly concave in 
the centre and ciliated with short bristles (1). 
Mandibles subtrigonate, the apex curved and deeply cleft, form- 
ing two blunt teeth, one with a trigonate tooth also on the in- 
side and a large membranous margin, pubescent and ciliated 
above (2, * the apex). 

Maxillce terminated by an ovate lobe, very hairy towards the 
apex, with a small one on the inside, ciliated with curved 
bristles. Palpi much longer than the labial, pilose and 4- 
jointed, basal joint elongated, rather curved, slender and clavate, 
2nd long, stout, slightly tapering to the base, 3rd short, some- 
what hatchet-shaped, 4th the largest, ovate, slender at the base 
and truncated very obliquely (3). 

Mentum short, transverse, narrowed at the base, the anterior 

angles rounded and slightly notched. Lip as large and similar 

in shape, slightly cordate and densely pubescent, with very fine 

hairs. Palpi stout, a little hairy, remote, attached near the 

base, triarticulate, basal joint slender, chalice -shaped, 2nd 

stouter, obovate, 3rd very stout, hatchet- shaped (4). 

Head narrow, subovate or elongate-trigonate, generally with a short 

neck : eyes S7nall but prominent, lateral and reniform. Thorax 

wider than the head, semiorbicular, generally broadest at the base ; 

scutel triangular. Elytra broader than the thorax, elongated, 

rounded at the apex. Wings ample. Tibiae spurred at the apex : 

tarsi 5, 5 and 4-jointed; anterior loith the thr,ee first joints a little 

dilated in the males in some species, turbinate and very pubescent 

beneath, 3rd the smallest and cordate: claws long, curved and acute, 

serrated on the inside {p ^ , a fore foot, \ hind foot). — Obs. The 

dissections are taken from C. castanea Mars. 



Cebamboides Linn.-^Curt. Guide, Gen. 265. 2. 

Male narrower than the female : black, silky above with fer- 
ruginous pubescence ; thickly and minutely punctured : thorax 
semiorbicular, the base bisinuated, the angles rather acute : 
elytra ferruginous -ochre with 8 punctured striee on each, and 
an indistinct abbreviated one next the scutellum : tips of tarsi 
and claws ferruginous. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



This group is nearly related to Melandrya (pi. 155), and if 
broken up it must be formed into many genera : C. 7iigra is a 
broad insect with the joints of the tarsi and antennae abbre- 
viated ; C. murina is similar in form ; C.fidvipes and castanea 
have the anterior and intermediate tarsi a little dilated; in 
C. ceramhoidcs they are elongated and slender, and the an- 
tennae are serrated in the male ; and in C. sulphurea and bicolor 
the palpi are dissimilar in the sexes, those of the male being a 
little dilated. The larva of C nigra and ceramhoides live in 
decayed oak-trees, and are described and illustrated in the 1st 
vol. of the Ent. Trans. ; and the larva and pupa of the former 
are figured in Germar's Mag., vol. ii. tab. 1, but they do not 
agree in form. 

1. nigra DeG. — oXer Fab. — Panz. 50. 3. — atrata Mars. — Eryx 

niger Step. 
April and May, hedges and lanes, Mr. Samouelle ; houses, 
Norwich ; beginning of June, trunks of trees. New Forest ; end 
of July, running upon willow-trees in the evening, at Windsor, 
Mr. Bainbridge ; near Peterborough, Mr. Henderson ; Cam- 
bridge, Mildenhall, Walthamstow, and Coomb Wood. 

2. murina Linn. — Oliv. 3. n. 54. tab. \.f. 1 3. — fusca Mars. var. 
— Panz. 25.19. — maurai^a^. — Y.nonyxmFab. — Panz. 34. 8? 
June and July, common in hedges and underwood on Senecio 

Jacobaa and other syngenesious and umbelliferous plants, and 
"very abundant on flowers o^ Rosa spinosissima." Mr.Dillwyn. 

3. fulvipesP.-erythropaikffl;r5.-luperus//^r6.-ferrugineaP. /3. 
June, hedges ; Aug. on Pines, Birch and Darent Woods ; 

Bear Wood, Dorset, Mr. Dalej Hertfordshire and Dover. 

4. mgviiSiFab. "In the collection ofthe Rev. F.W.Hope." Ste. 

5. castanea Mars. p. 223. n. 9. 

End of May, Leigh Wood, near Bristol, Mr. Dale, and 
Devon ; June and July, hedges and skirts of woods on Cra- 
taegus Oxyacantha, round London, and in Norfolk. 

6. ceramboides Limi. — Ciirt. B. E. pi. 594 S • 

Middle of June to middle of July, on Birch, Parley Copse, 
Dorset, Mr. Dale ; near the river Pinsley, Leominster, Mr. 
Newman ; Sydenham, Cambridgeshire, and Hertfordshire ; 
Birch and Darent Woods, Mr. J. Standish, who generally 
beats it off the oak, but he has found it on the Maple. 

7. sulphurea Linn. — Sam. Comp. pi. ^.f. 6. — Panz. 106. 8. 
June and July on syngenesious and umbelliferous plants, 

especially the Carrot, in Norfolk; Belton Clay Pit, Yarmouth, 
Mr. Paget; Portland in plenty, Mr. Dale; Dover; Devil's 
Ditch, Cambridgeshire, and other chalky districts. 

8. bicolor Fab. — Panz. 34. 6. 

On umbelliferous flowers in Norfolk and near Dover, the 
middle of August. 



The Plant is Bumex Acetosella (Sheep's Sorrel). 



I 





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598. 
LAGRIA HIRTA. 

Order Coleoptera. Fam. Lagridge. 

Type of the Genus, Chrysomela hirta Linn. 
Lagria Fab., Gyll., Curt. — Tenebrio2>eC — Cantharis Geof. — Chry- 
somela Linn. — Auchenia Marsh. 

AntenncE inserted on the inner margin of the eyes, slightly cla- 
vate in the female, hairy, 11 -jointed, 1st joint short and ovate, 
but forming a knob at the base, 2nd small subobovate, 3 following 
elongated and slightly chopper-shaped, the 5 following shorter 
and rather remotely articulated, the 6th somewhat obtrigonate- 
ovate, 10th more ovate-truncate, 11th the longest, stoutest and 
elliptic-conic (6) ; twice as long as the head and thorax in the 
male and slenderer, the joints more elongated, with the terminal 
one very long {($). 

Labrum orbicular pocket-shaped, indented in the centre and 
ciliated with long bristles (1). 

Mandibles suborbicular, truncated at the base, with the outer 
angle produced, the apex rounded, notched in one and forming 
a trigonate tooth in the other, with a large orbicular leathery 
lobe on the inside (2). 

Maxillce short, with an ovate internal lobe, and an external one 

not larger, both densely ciliated. Palpi long large hairy and 4- 

jointed, basal joint the slenderest and somewhat chalice-shaped, 

2nd longer, stout obovate-truncate, 3rd shorter somewhat ovate - 

truncate, 4th very large, ovate, truncated obliquely (3). 

Mentum elongated, subpyriform, truncated at the base, bisinuated 

before to receive the Palpi which are short stout and triarti- 

culate, 2 basal joints very short, the 1st obtrigonate, 2nd ovate, 

truncated obliquely, 3rd longer subovate and very hairy. Lip 

short broad and very hairy (4). 

Males slenderer than the females. Head orbicular : eyes ?-ather large, 

lateral, vertical and kidney-shaped. Thorax not broader cylindric, 

subquadrate, a little narroived before and the sides slightly ernargi- 

nate towards the base. Scutellum small semiorbicular . Elytra 

twice as broad as the thorax, subelliptic, rounded at the apex, and a 

little inflated in the female. Wings ample. Legs moderate, not 

stout: tibise scarcely clavate and unarmed: tarsi pubescent beneath 

5, 5 and 4-jointed, basal joint considerably the longest in the hinder 

pair, 2nd and Srd short and obtrigonate in the others, penultimate 

bilobed, terminal joint slender clavate: claws rather long slender and 

acute (5, afore leg, \ hind tibia and tarsus). 

HiBTA Linn. $ . — Curt. Guide, Gen. 266. 1. — pubescens Linn. ^ . 
Black, villose : head and thorax sparingly punctured, the latter 
with a transverse channel near the base in the male and a fovea 
on the disc in the female ; elytra thickly and roughly punctured, 
semitransparent, ochreous, with the pubescence of the same 
colour; legs piceous. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



Gyllenhal places Lagria after Anthicus pygmcuits, and it 
must be admitted that there is a great resemblance between 
them in general contour as well as in the structure of the an- 
tennae, as shown in our illustration of Xylophilus oculatus 
(pi. 299.), but the trophi and tarsi are so different that there 
can be no real affinity. Latreille's location of Lagria in his 
Genera Crustaceorum seems to me far from a natural one, 
and I cannot think but it is much more nearly related to Cis- 
tela (fol. 594.) than to Pyrochroa (fol. 590.), next to which 
Latreille and Dejean have placed it in their last works : but 
after all it is the introduction of Pyrochroa possibly that ren- 
ders this arrangement so unnatural to my mind, for if this 
were removed the views of the latter author would not be very 
different from my own. 

The larva and pupa of Lagria are unknown, which is the 
more remarkable as the insects in their perfect state are most 
abundant, and our native one the L. hirta is found in May and 
June, in hedges, throughout England, but it is most attached, 
I believe, to the White-thorn and Hazel. 

The Lagriae are widely distributed over the whole world, 
inhabiting various parts of Europe and Africa to the Cape of 
Good Hope, and thence to Madagascar and New Holland. 

The Plant is Spiraa Filipendula (Common Dropwort). 




C^M^; ^ C/; '0M/>^ 



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255. 
HYPULUS BIFLEXUOSUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Melandryidae Z^ac/i. — HelopiiZaf. 

Type of the Genus Hypulus Quercinus Payk. 

Hypulus Payk. — Serropalpus ///. — Dircaea Fah., Gyll. — Helops 8f 
Notoxus Panz. 

AntenncE inserted immediately before the eyes, scarcely so long 
as the thorax, submoniliform and pilose, slightly increasing in 
thickness to the apex ; 1 1 -jointed, basal joint a little longer 
than the 2nd and 3rd which are of equal length, terminal joint 
rather the longest and conical (6). 

Lahrum transverse, oval, coriaceous, pilose and ciliated (1). 
Mandibles small, subquadrate or trigonate, tridentate, with a 
fleshy lobe on the internal side (2). 

Maxillcc very small, terminated by 2 pubescent lobes, the ex- 
ternal one the largest. Palpi large, 4-jointed, basal joint small, 
2nd and 3rd pilose, subobtrigonate, 4th the largest, pilose, sub- 
obovate (3). 

Mentum very small, subquadrate, anterior margin membranous. 
Lip nearly as large, subquadrate ; anterior margin slightly con- 
cave, with a tuft of hairs in the centre, angles rounded. Palpi 
attached to scapes, triarticulate, basal joint minute ; 2nd large, 
subglobose, pilose ; 3rd slender and oblong (4). 
Head nutant. Eyes small. Thorax semiovate, posterior margin slightly 
convex, angles obtuse. Scutellum subtrigonate. Elytra elongate- 
oval. Wings ample. Legs nearly of equal size, rather long and 
slender. Tibiae spurred. Tarsi, 4 anterior 5 -jointed, the posterior 
pair 4-jointed, in which the basal joint is the longest (of) ; penul- 
timate joint the smallest and emarginate. Claws small and bent (5, 
afore leg). 
Obs. The dissections and descriptions are taken from the insect figured. 



BiFLExuosus Nobis. 

Pitchy black, shining, covered with yellowish pubescence ; rather 
minutely but not deeply punctured. Antennae ochreous at the 
base. Elytra with a waved interrupted fascia before, and another 
narrower beyond, the middle. Tibiae obscure ferruginous 3 Tarsi 
of the same colour, ochraceous at their apex. 
The longer line in the plate shows the superior length of the 
female, the thorax of which is broader in proportion. 
In the Cabinets of Mr. Cooper, Mr. F. Walker, and the Author. 



The Hypuli and neighbouring genera are so very rare in this 
country, that I have not been able to obtain specimens for 
dissection, except of the species figured ; but it is evident that 
the palpi (especially the labial) differ so considerably from 
those of Paykull's type, that our second and third species 
must form a division. The genus, and two of the insects, 
have never been noticed by any of our countrymen. 

1. H. Quercinus Paykc, Faun. Suec. 1. 252. 2. — dubia Fab.^ 

Ill, Panz. 11.3. 

Twice as long as the following : thickly punctured and pu- 
bescent; black, elytra with a large spot at the shoulder, a 
double lunular one across the middle, and another near the 
apex ferruginous. Antennae, mouth, and legs of the same 
colour. 

Of this rare insect, two have been taken by Mr. Stone 
upon decayed stumps of oaks in Coombe Lane in June, and at 
Colney Hatch ; and another by Mr. Jos. Standish at Darent. 

2. H. biflexuosus Curtis Brit. Ent. pi. 255. 

Mr. Cooper favoured me with the sight of a pair of this new 
species, which were beaten out of an oak by him in Highgate 
Wood last June ; and Mr. F. Walker has kindly presented 
me with specimens which he found amongst grass in the 
neighbourhood of Southgate about the same time. 

3. H. 4-fasciatus Nobis. 

Brown, covered with depressed pubescence; legs, palpi, 
face, and base and apex of antennae, ochreous ; anterior and 
posterior margins of thorax, and two waved fasciae on the 
elytra, of the same colour. 

This insect may be the Mordella bifasciata of Marsham ; 
but as Fabricius has a Dircaa bifasciata, should it be so, it 
would be necessary to alter the name of the species above 
described, to prevent confusion. 

My specimen was taken by my brother several years since 
near Norwich in July; and I think I have seen other ex- 
amples in London cabinets. 

For fine specimens of the plant figured. Orchis fusca (Brown 
Orchis), I am indebted to Sir John Tylden of Milsted, Kent. 



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474. 
HALLOMENUS FLEXUOSUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Melandryidae or Helopii. 

Ti/pe of the Genus, Dircsea humeralis Fab. 
Hallomenus Hellw., Payk., GylL, Lat., Curt. — DircaeaFai. — Serro- 
palpus a7id Dinophorus ///. 

Antenna; inserted in a cavity close to the inner margin of the 
eyes, longer than the thorax, slender at the base, pubescent and 
1 1 -jointed ; basal joint rather small and ovate, 2nd the smallest, 
subovate, 3rd larger than the 1st elongate-obtrigonate, the re- 
mainder rather stouter but decreasing in length, more or less 
cup-shaped, terminal joint a little the longest and elongate- 
ovate (6). 

Labrum transverse ovate, ciliated (1). 

Mandibles subtrigonate, externally pilose, acute at the apex, with 
a square notch on the inside, forming a tooth below in one man- 
dible, and an internal membranous lobe (2). 
Maxilla small terminated by 2 small pubescent lobes. Palpi 
rather large, pilose, and 4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd and 3rd 
large obtrigonate, 4th the largest ovate-conic (3). 
Mentum subcordate, concave at the base, sinuated before, leaving 
a triangular point in the middle. Palpi attached to 2 scapes, 
triarticulate, basal joint small, 2nd large subobovate, 3rd small 
and subovate. Lip oblong, with 2 bristles at the centre (4). 
Head small subtrigonate , nearly concealed under the thorax : eyes rather 
small and lateral. Thorax semiorbicular-tric/onate, somewhat de- 
pressed, the angles obtuse : scutellum semiorbicular . Elytra ellip- 
tical, slightly depressed, scarcely broader than the thorax. Wings 
ample. Legs compressed, hinder pair a little the largest : thighs' 
short : tibiae simple, furnished with minute spurs at the apex. Tarsi 
5-Jointed (5), posterior pair A-jointed (f) ; anterior with the ter- 
minal joint the longest, but slender and clavate, 4th slightly cordate ; 
posterior with the basal joint very long, the 2nd as long as the 4th, 
3rd the smallest, subcordate. Claws slender acute. 
Obs. The dissections and description are taken from the insect figured. 



Flexuosus Payk. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 270. 2. 

Sericeous, minutely punctured ; ferruginous-ochre : head black, 
lower part of face and palpi ochreous : antennae black, excepting 
at the base and apex : thorax with a transverse black band not 
reaching the sides, a faint channel down the middle, and an im- 
pression on each side at the base ; scutellum, a flexuose band be- 
fore the middle, and a broader one beyond it, black : beneath 
black, excepting the thorax. 
In the Cabinets of Mr. C. J. Thompson and the Author. 



Although H. jiexuosus is included by Paykull, Gyllenhal, 
Dejean and Sturm in the genus Hallomenus, it does not 
agree exactly with the type, which has the apical joint of the 
maxillary palpi subovate and truncated obliquely, the 3rd 
joint of the antenna? longer than the following, and the inner 
margin of the eye is distinctly notched. In their form they 
agree,' being broader, flatter and shorter than Hypulus, to 
which they are most nearly allied, and to the second division 
of which H. Jiexuosus makes a near approach in structure. 

1. H. fuscus? Gi/ll. Ins. Suec. 2. 528. 2. — bipunctatus Payk. 
var. /3. 

Length 2 to 2^ lines. Sericeous, thickly and minutely 
punctured, brown above, ferruginous ochre beneath, 
antennae palpi and legs ochreous, the latter bright and 
pale; eyes reniform, black; head with a faint channel 
on the crown : thorax with the sides ochreous, a shal- 
low channel down the middle, and a distinct fovea on 
each side at the base: scutellum subquadrate : elytra 
w ith 7 or 8 indistinct impressed lines on each, the base 
except at the suture, ochreous. 
From the size I have some doubt if it be not a variety of 
the H. humeralis Fab. ; but my specimens want the 2 black 
spots on the thorax. 

This insect is common in Sw eden in the fungi of trees ; in 
England no one but myself has ever taken it, and I have been 
so fortunate as to capture two ; the first I took many years 
since on the wing in the New Road, and the second flying in 
Montague Square, a little before sunset, the end of May 1832. 

2. H. flexuosus FayJc. — Curl. Brit. E?il. pi. 474. — undatus 
Pa7iz. 68. 23. 

For specimens of this pretty insect, which is quite a new 
discovery in Britain, I am indebted to my friend Mr. C. J. 
Thompson ; they were presented to him by Mr. Frederick 
Kenrick, who took them the beginning of last July under the 
bark of a dead Willow-tree, by the side of a river near Peter- 
borough. It is found also in Sweden in the fungi of trees, 
especially the Alder ; and Mons. Foudras kindly added spe- 
cimens to my cabinet, which he captured near Lyons. 

The Plant is Sisymbrium sylvestre (Creeping Water-cress), 
from the banks of the river near Bottisham, Cambridgeshire. 



I 




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197. 
ORCHESIA FASCIATA. 



Order Coleoptera. F am. Welandryadse Leach. Helop'iiLat, 

Type of the Genus Dircsea micans Fab. 

Orchesia Lat. — Dircaea Fab. — Hallomenus III., Payk., GijlL, Panz. 
— Serropalpus III. — Mordella Marsh. — Anaspis Lat. — Megato- 
ma Herbst. 

Antenna inserted between and close to the internal margin of the 
eyes, clavate, pubescent, 1 1 -jointed, basal joint large ovate, 2nd 
short, 3rd longer, the 5 following shorter than the 2nd ; increas- 
ing in diameter to the 8th, the remainder forming a robust club, 
the basal and 2nd joints turbinate, the terminal one the longest 
conical (fig. 6). 

Labrum exserted membranous, suborbicular, pilose (1). 
Mandibles smdiW, corneous, subtrigonate, arched externally, notch- 
ed internally, with a membranous dilated margin or appendage 

Maxilla small bilobed, internal lobe dentiform, very pubescent, 
external larger rounded, very pubescent at the apex. Palpi 
large, very pubescent, 4-jointed, basal joint minute, 2nd large 
obtrigonate, 3rd transverse produced on the internal side, 4th 
very large, elongate trigonate (3), 

Mentum small, quadrate coriaceous. Lip small membranous. 
Palpi small and membranous, 3-jointed, basal joint small, united 
to the lip, 2nd short rhomboidal, 3rd elongate truncate (4), 
Head inflexed small. Eyes lateral reniform. Thorax broad, semicir- 
cular, posterior angles acute. Scutellum minute. Wings very am- 
ple. Coleoptra elongate ovate. Legs not very long, tapering, an- 
terior the shortest. Thighs, posterior the most robust. Tibise spurred, 
intermediate pair the longest, posterior the shortest, broadest and 
armed with 2 very long spines serrated externally (5*). Tarsi ]st 
and 2nd pair 5-jointed, penultimate joint bilobed (6, afore leg) : 
posterior 4-jointed, basal joint very long (5*). Claws small acute. 



Fasciata Payk. — Gyll. Ins. Suec. v. 1. pars 2.531.5. 

Minutely and thickly punctured, producing very short, depressed 
yellow pubescence. Antennae ferruginous, fuscous towards the 
extremity. Eyes black. Head and thorax ferruginous, the lat- 
ter with an impression at the base on each side ; a black fascia 
arising from the centre of the base and arched to the sides, and a 
spot near the disc of the same colour. Elytra with the suture 
raised, ochraceous, a double blackish spot near the base, a sinu- 
ated slender arched fascia before the middle, not touching the 
margin, a broad blackish fascia beyond the middle with the mar- 
gin sinuated, the apex blackish also. Legs ferruginous. Under- 
side piceous. 

In the Cabinet of Mr. Dale. 



Although these insects have been indiided in various Ge- 
nera by different authors, the accurate characters laid down 
by Latreille in his admirable " Genera Crustaceorum" &c. will, 
without any diflficulty, enable us to distinguish them from all 
others. The most obvious peculiarities are the long and cu- 
riously serrated spines attached to the short posterior tibiae, 
which probably assist these insects to skip in the singular way 
they do when disturbed, very much in the manner of the Mor- 
dellae and Anaspides. 

There seem to be but two species known, both of which 
are inhabitants of Britain. 

1. O. micans Fah. — Payk. — Lat. — Panz. 16. 18. — picea 
Herbst. — Boleti Marsh. — clavicornis Lat. 

I once found this insect in abundance beneath moist Boleti, 
attached to the trunks of Elm-trees in Norfolk, in the month 
of June ; and dropping as soon as the Boletus was touched, it 
became necessary to hold a net beneath, into which they fell 
and skipped about like shrimps. 

2. O. fasciata PayJc. Nob. 

No figure of this pretty and rare Beetle having been before 
given, we are not positive that it is Paykull's insect, although 
there can be little doubt that it is a mere variety of that spe- 
cies. 

Mr. Dale beat a specimen out of a White- thorn near Lynd- 
hurst in the New Forest, the 1st of June 1824-, and we believe 
that other specimens have been taken on the same ground. 

The plant is Malva moschata (Musk Mallow). 



I 



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483. 
MORDELLA ABDOMINALIS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Mordellidae. 

Type of the Gefius, Mordella fasclata Fab. 

MoRDELLA Linn., Fab., Lat., Gyl., Mar., Curt. 

AntenntE inserted close to the anterior marg:in of tlie eyes, shorter 
than the head and thorax, pubescent, slender at the base, 11- 
jointed, 3 first joints ovate, the first the stoutest, 4th elongate 
obtrigonate, the remainder broader, compressed and more or 
less obtrigonate, having a serrated appearance, the apical joint 
ovate (6). 

Labrtim semiorbicidar, very pilose above (1). 
Mandibles trigonate acute, bifid at the apex, -with a membranous 
ciliated margin on the inside (2). 

Maxillee small, terminated by 2 lobes, the outer one dilated, 
rounded and very pubescent at the apex, the internal one shorter, 
sublanceolate and pubescent on the inside. Palpi clavate and 
4-jointed, basal joint minute, 2nd long clavate, 3rd subtrigonate, 
4th large ovate hatchet-shaped (3). 

Mentum dilated, homy and pilose at the base, narrowed an- 
teriorly. Lip large subcordate, pubescent, deeply notched at 
the middle. Palpi clavate, pUose, biarticvdate, basal joint sub- 
clavate, 2nd larger and ovate (4). 
Head incurved subglobose : eyes remote and lateral. Thorax drooping, 
larger than the head, convex, transverse, sides rounded, base a little 
produced at the middle at the scutellum, which is small and trian- 
gular. Postpectus voy large. Elytra scarcely broader than the 
thorax, oblong, slightly attenuated, and not covering the apex of the 
abdomen. Wings ample. Abdomen acuminated at the apex in both 
sexes, especially in the females. Legs short, 4 anterior slender and 
inserted close together wider the thorax, posterior robust : thighs, 
hinder broad ovate : tihise, posterior elongate trapezate with 2 strong 
spines at the apex : tarsi simple, anterior o -jointed (5), the 4th joint 
minute, 5th slender; posterior pair 4-jointed (f), basal joint long 
and stout, 3rd and 4th of equal length. Claws small, slightly pec- 
tinated beneath. 



Abdominalis Fab. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 273. 1. 

Piceous black, covered with sUky pubescence, minutely punc- 
tured : antennse brown, 2 basal and the apical joints as well as 
the mouth ochreous. Thorax and abdomen orange, aculeus 
long and blackish. Elytra clothed with brown pubescence. 
Legs piceous, anterior pair orange, tarsi ochreous and bro^^^l. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



Mordella is at once distinguished from Rhipiphorus (pi. 19,] 
by its simple antennae, and from Anaspis, which it most re- 



sembles, by the form of the penultimate joints of the anterior 
legs, which are not bilobed, by its distinct scutellum and acu- 
minated abdomen. They inhabit flowers, especially theUmbel- 
latae, fly as well as run with celerity, and when alarmed draw 
their head close under the thorax, so that the mouth is con- 
cealed between the anterior coxa?. 

The following are British species : 

1. M. abdominalis Fab.— Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 483. — Oliv. 3. 

No. 64>,pl. l.f. 5. 
May, White-thorns and umbellate plants, the beginning 
and middle of June in the New Forest, but rare; near Swansea 
not uncommon, L. W. Dillwyn, Esq. 

2. M. pumila Gi/l. 2. 605. 2. 

Middle of July, Bungay, Suffolk ; and near Swansea on 
umbellate flowers. 

3. M. aculeata Liim. — OL pi. l.f. 1. 

May and June, blossoms of Crab-tree and White-thorn, 
Mr. Samouelle, and near Swansea. 

4. M. ventralis Fab., Gijl. — nigra Mars. 

10th of June, Blackwell Sands, Devon, Mr. Chant and 
Mr. Bentley, in company with the last, also in Kent. 

5. M. humeralis Linn. — Mars. — Panz. 62. 3. 
July, Coomb-wood, Surrey. 

5^ M. axillaris ? Gyl. 2. 61 1. 8. 

6. M. variegata Fab., Gyl. — lateralis Oliv. 'pl. 1. f. 8.— 

bicolor Mars. — dorsalis Panz. 13. 15. 
May and June, White-thorns Norfolk, but rare ; also at 
Darent, Kent. 

7. M. brunnea jPaZ>. ? — Panz. 36. 8. I gave this and the 

next as synonymous, on the authority of Schoenherr, 
but whether they be distinct or varieties only, I am 
unable to determine for want of specimens. 

7*. M. flavescens Mars. 490. 7. — ferruginea Mars. 490. 6. 
May and June, White-thorns, Swansea. 

8. M. fasciata Fab.— Oliv. pl. l.f. 2.—Sam.pl. 4./ 8. 
Plentiful in the New Forest in June, where I found them 

on fine days flying round and running up dead decaying trees, 
that were standing, deprived of their bark. Mr. Dale has 
found them on the Teasel, and Mr. Bydder observed them 
flying about Oak-trees. 

The Plant is Viburnum Opidus (Guelder Rose), to the flowers 
of which the Mordellidae are much attached. 



Mm^ 





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19. 
RIPIPHORUS PARADOXUS. 



cP.<5L 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Mordellidae Lat. 

Type of the Genus, Mordella paradoxa Linn. 

RipiPHORUs Fab., Lat., Curt. — Mordella Linn. 

Antennce inserted between the eyes, remote, 11 -jointed, basal joint 
the stoutest, somewhat obconic, 2nd the smallest, 8 following flabel- 
late or bipectinate in the male, terminal joint very long and filiform 
(6) : 3rd joint the longest in the female, producing a single branch 
as well as the 8 following (65). 
Labrum coriaceous, exserted, semiovate, ciliated (1).'' 
Mandibles arcuated, apex acute, externally hairy (2). 
Maxilla very small, slightly bilobed and ciliated. Palpi large, hairy, 
4-jointed, basal joint very small, 2nd long and clavate, 3rd short, 4tli 
the longest and stoutest, truncated obliquely (3). 
Mentum long and narrow, terminating in an obtuse point. Palpi 
hairy, biarticulate, basal joint the smallest, 2nd long and clavate (4). 
Head cordiform, very small, scarcely visible from above : eyes ovate. 
Thorax very much arched, base trilobed, angles acuminated, the centre pro- 
duced into an ovate lobe : scutel none or concealed. Abdomen arcuate, sidefi 
compressed, apex very acute. Elytra shorter than the body, attenuated, 
acuminated and gaping at the apex. Wings folded, as long as the body, 
hegs, 4 posterior the longest : tibiae spurred : tarsi slender, simple, 5, 5- and 
4-jointed, basal joint the longest, remainder gradually decreasing in length, 
4th a little the shortest : claws bijid at the apex. (Sf hind leg.) 



Paradoxus Linn. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 274. 1. 

Black, pubescent, punctured. Thorax with a deep broad channel in 
the centre, lateral lobes testaceous. Elytra testaceous in the male, 
and black at the apex ; black in the female and slightly tinged with 
testaceous. Wings fuscous at the apex. Abdomen orange, apex 
black, sometimes entirely black. Claws testaceous. 

In the Author s and other Cabinets. 



This beautiful and interesting insect, which is the only species of 
liipipJiorus that inhabits Britain, was considered a few years back 
one of our most valuable acquisitions, being only met with acci- 
dentally, in consequence of our ignorance of its habits and economy ; 
but its natural habitation having been discovered by my friend Mr. 
W. S. MacLeay, the attention of naturalists was called to the 
subject, and it lias since been taken in profusion in Shropshire, 
by the Rev. F. W. Hope; and at Southgate, not uncommonly, 
by Mr. Edwin Walker, in August and September IS'iS, to whom 
I am indebted for the very fine specimens figured in the plate, 
which far exceed in size any that I have seen elsewhere; and this 
gentleman observed, that the individuals taken in August were 
much smaller than those that were captured later in the autumn. 

152 



1 



1 have seen this insect alive in Norfolk : it has also been taken in 
Somersetshire; and my friend Mr. Dale found one in his orchard 
in Dorsetshire, which induced us to search for a wasp's nest, and 
havinnf found one in the neighbourhood, we destroyed and dug it 
up, and at night it was conveyed home in a vessel closely covered, 
and upon examining it the next morning I had the gratification of 
releasing a male from one of the cells, the external figure of which 
was sexagonal, but the operculum was circular ; and the same struc- 
ture is exhibited in one received from Mr. Hope. 

The eggs no doubt are deposited in the cells of the wasps, for 
which purpose the acute abdomen of the female is well adapted ; 
and the larvae, when hatched, are probably nourished by the wasps 
as their own offspring: — the perfect insect, from the smallness of 
its mouth and the weakness of its organs, cannot, however, be a 
very formidable enemy. When it emerges from the chrysalis, it 
leaves the nest and resorts to neighbouring flowers, like the rest of 
the Mordellida; : the wasps therefore can sustain no other injury 
than that which arises from the few cells occupied by the larvee. 

The fly discovered by Mr. Denison, and lately alluded to as an 
Ichneumon by the Rev. E. Bigge in his interesting " Observations 
on the Natural History of two species of Wasps," is no doubt the 
Ripiphorus. " The fly," he says, " deposits its eggs upon the grub 
of the wasp at the moment it assumes the pupa: as soon as the egg 
is hatched it devours the grub of the wasp entirely, and itself assumes 
the pupa and imago form in the cells of the wasp." Vide Trans, 
of the Ashmolean Soc.for 1835, p. 27. 

The smaller figure in the plate, representing the natural size, is 
the female, and from its different colour was considered by Panzer 
a distinct species, which he called B. angidatus; the figure of the 
male is magnified ; it is not only distinguished from the other sex 
by its colour, but by its beautiful flabellated antennae. 

The plant is Achillea Millefoliiiin, Common Yarrow. 



\ 




540 



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340. 
SITARIS HUMERALIS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cantharidae Lat. 

Type of the Genus, Necydalis humeralis Fah. 
SiTARis Lat. — Cantharis Geoff., Oiiv. — Necydalis Fab., Forst., Don, 
Marsh. 

Antennce inserted upon the anterior margin of the eyes, clothed 
with very short hairs, longer than the head and thorax and rather 
attenuated to the apex in the male, the apical joint being as long 
as the 3d; shorter in the female and slightly thickened at the 
apex, 11 -jointed, basal joint scarcely thicker than the following, 
2d joint small, both somewhat chalice-shaped, 3d a little longer 
than the 1st, the remainder nearly of equal length, elongate obo- 
vate, slightly increasing in size, the apical joint being the largest 
and ovate (6). 

Lahrum coriaceous, very pilose above, nearly semiorbicular (1). 
Mandibles stout, very much hooked at the apex, with a long 
fleshy lobe on the inside below the middle, ciliated on the inner 
margin (2). 

Maxilla: small, bilobed, very pilose, internal lobe rounded at the 
apex, external one longer larger and hatchet-shaped. Palpi long 
and comparatively robust, 4-jointed, basal joint small, the others 
of equal length, the 2d pyriform, 3d oblong, 4thsubovate fleshy 
at the apex (3). 

Mentum coriaceous, pilose and oblong, anterior angles truncated 
obliquely. Palpi attached to remote scapes, triarticulate, basal 
joint minute, 2d the longest, pubescent and clavate, 3d the 
largest subovate. Labium bilobed and very pilose (4). 
Head injlexed semi-orbicular. Eyes sinall, lateral and reniform. 
Thorax orbicular-quadrate. Scutellum large, notched at the apex. 
Abdomen thick, sometimes large in the female. Elytra shorter than 
the body, very much attenuated and divaricating towards the apex. 
Wings ample and folded at the apex. Legs rather long and slender. 
Thighs somewhat thick. Tibiae simple, hinder pair the longest, fur- 
nished with very short spurs. Tarsi 5-jointed (5), posterior pair 4- 
jointed, basal joint the longest, penultimate the shortest. Claws 
curved and acute, each being furnished at the base with a strong 
bristle (5-j- hind leg). 



Humeralis Oliv. t. 3. No. 46. pi. 2./. 20. Marsh. 359.— muralis 
Forst. p. 48. 

Black, shining : head and thorax coarsely thickly but irregularly 
punctured, the latter with a deep impression in the centre from 
the middle to the base : elytra thickly and minutely punctured, 
pale piceous with a violaceous tint, ochraceousat the base : wings 
fuscous slightly iridescent. 

Obs. The outline figure exhibits a female in profile of the natural 
size, the male is slightly magnified. 

In the British Museum and other Cabinets. 



In the First Volume of this work (pi. 19), the Rhipiphorus 
paradoxus was figured, an insect nearly related in structure 
and economy to the one just described. 

The Rhipiphorus inhabits wasps' nests ; the Sitaris we learn 
from Latreille lives in the nidus of solitary bees, and is often 
found dead in them. When I was at Lyons last summer, 
Mons. Foudras, who takes the Sitaris in abundance, informed 
me that he found it in the nests of AntJiophora hirsiita and 
A. acervorum. 

Fabricius gives it as an English insect, and it appears to have 
been common in this country sixty or seventy years back by 
the remark of Forster, who states that it was frequent upon 
garden walls; and I think Dr. Stephenson found one in such 
a situation a few years since at Elthara in Kent. Within the 
last year or two I understand, it has again been found in 
abundance under a water-butt in a garden at Chelsea. 

The plant represented is ScropJmlaria vernalis (Yellow Fig- 
wort), gathered at Mitcham in Surrey, and communicated by 
J. J. Bennett, Esq. 




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390. 
GEDEMERA SANGUINICOLLIS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cantharidae. 

Type of the Genus, Necydalis cserulea Linn. 

CEdemera Olltt., Lat., Sam., Curt. — Cantharis Linn., Mars.- — Necy- 
dalis Linn., Fab., Gyl. 

AntenncE inserted before the eyes, not so long as the body, fili- 
form and pubescent J 11 -jointed, basal joint the stoutest, curved 
and subclavate, 2nd ovate, the remainder long and slender, 3 ter- 
minal joints a little shorter, the last sometimes suddenly con- 
tracted at the middle, making the apex more slender (6). 
Labrmn exserted, transverse-ovate, slightly emarginate and hairy, 
ciliated at the margin (1). 

Mandibles subtrigonate, externally pilose, bifid at the apex, with 

a coriaceous margin produced on the inside, the edge ciliated (2). 

Maxillce terminated by two horny lobes, the internal one very 

pubescent towards the apex and furnished with a few curved 

bristles ; the external lobe long, distinctly articulated at the base, 

and clothed with long curved hairs at the apex. 

Palpi long and stout, pubescent, 4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd 

long and subclavate, 3rd shorter, 4th nearly as long as the 2nd, 

dilated towards the apex and truncated obliquely (3). 

Mentum subquadrate, the angles rounded. Lip hairy forming 

two divaricating lobes. Palpi long and pilose, attached to two 

scapes inserted behind the mentum, triarticulate, basal joint short, 

2nd and 3rd longer, of equal length, the former subclavate, the 

latter broader, compressed, ovate-truncate (4). 

Head broadest at the base, depressed, the clypeus slightly produced. 

Eyes lateral and prominent. Thorax oblong ovate, narroived towards 

the base. Scutellum minute. Elytra long and narrow, sometimes 

subulate. Wings ample. Thighs ; hinder sometimes exceedingly in- 

crassated in the male. Tibiae posterior sometimes robust and slightly 

curved in the male (5f ). Tarsi ; 5-jointed, posterior 4-jointed, basal 

joint the longest, penultimate bilobed. 

Sanguinicollis Fab. Ent. Syst. 1. pars 2. 351. 6. — flavicollis Panz. 
24. 18. — ruficollis Sam. — fulvicollis Curt. Guide, Gen. 276. 6. 
Brassy black, shining, pubescent, thickly punctured : Antennae 
dull black, 3 basal joints ochreous on the under side, as well as 
the base of the palpi. Thorax orange, excepting the breast which 
is black, obovate, truncated before and behind, with a deep fovea 
on each side the centre, and one at the base, the posterior angles 
a little produced. Elytra elliptical, completely covering the body, 
dull olive-green, thickly and roughly punctured, with 4 elevated 
lines on each. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



This genus bears considerable resemblance at first sight to a 
group called Stenopterus and separated by lUiger from Mo- 



lorchus ; and the flat and lengthened clypeus is very hke that 
of Stenostoma of Latreille. The G^demera? fly remarkably 
well, and generally frequent flowers : they may be thus divided. 

* Posterior thighs incrassated in the males. 

1. CE. Podagrariae Linn. S. N. 2. 6V2. 9. mas. — simplex L. 
S. N. 64-3. 10. f em.— Do7i. 10. 358. 2. 

The N. melanocephala of Panzer is referred to this species 
by Gyllenhal, but it is a totally different insect which I have 
taken at Fontainebleau ; it is much more like the female of the 
next species in size and form. 

CE. Podagraricd has been taken from the 5th May to the 
1st Aug. : it is attached to umbellate plants and derives its 
name from the j^gopodium Podagraria, but it is also found 
in houses being attracted by light in the evening. Mr. Dale 
has taken specimens at the roots of apple-trees, and in cu- 
cumber frames at Glanville's Wootton ; found also in Norfolk, 
Suffolk, at Bideford, Ashburton, &c. Devon. 

2. CE. coerulea Li?in. F. S. 716.— Z)ow. 16. pi. 558.— Sam. 

pi. 2.JI 28. — clavipes Gt/l. — flavipes Oliv. ? — cerara- 
boides Mars. 
This handsome but common insect Mr. Dale has observed 
from the 29th May to the 4th Aug. It frequents umbel- 
liferous and syngenesious flowers and those of the bramble, 
and is very extensively distributed. 

3. CE. marginata Fab. — femorata Panz. 36. 12. cJ . — subulata 

Oliv. ?. 
It is recorded that Mr. Haworth possesses a British speci- 
men of this or some kindred species. 

* * Posterior thighs simple in both sexes. 

4. CE. lurida Mar. 360. 6. Gyl. — Is found from the begin- 

ning of June to the middle of August, in most parts 
of the kingdom in grassy places. 

5. CE. viridissima Li7ni. F. S. 717. — thalassina Fab.P — coe- 

rulescens Oliv. 3. n. 50. pi. 2./ 1 7 P 
Found from May to the middle of June on flowers in Chalk- 
pits, Kent, in White-thorn flowers in the New Forest, and at 
Glanville's Wootton. I once took a considerable number out 
of a decayed tree at Barham in Suffolk. 

6. CE. sanguinicollis Fab.— Curt. B. E. pi. 390. 

This handsome and distinct species is found in the blossoms 
of the white-thorns in the New Forest ; near Bristol ; and in 
Ireland. 

7. CE. melanura Linn. — Oliv. 3. n. 50. t. l.f. 8. — nigripes 

Fab. — acuta Mar. — Lepturoides Gyl. — notata Pk. 

Taken in June and July generally in the vicinity of timber 
and frequently by the water side. It has occurred on the banks 
of the Thames in London ; at Chatham ; in Norfolk ; on the 
banks of the Humber near Hull; at Bristol; and in Oxfordshire. 

The Plant is Nardus stricta (Small Matweed.) 



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538. 
NOTHUS BIPUNCTATUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cantharidae. 

Type of the Genus, Cantharis bipunctatus Fab. 
l>!oTHVs Zieg., Dej., Meg., Curt. — Osphyra and Pelecina III. — CEde- 
mera Lat. — Dry ops ? Scho. — Cantharis Fab. — Zonitis Meg. 
Antenrue longer than the head and thorax, filiform and slender, 
inserted upon the internal margin of the eyes, clothed with short 
bristly hairs, 11 -jointed, basal joint the stoutest, clavate, 2nd 
small ovate, 3rd and following long slender and subclavate, the 
terminal joint subfusiform, being suddenly narrowed towards 
the apex (6). 

Labrum quadrate at the base with the angles produced and se- 
mitransparent, semicircular before, ciliated and producing a few 
long hairs (1). 

Mandibles subtrigonate, externally hairy with a sharp and bifid 
apex, the internal margin hollowed and filled with a broad mem- 
brane, produced into a small lobe at the apex and ciliated (2) . 
MaxillcE minute, formed of 2 lobes, the internal one linear and 
pubescent, especially at the apex, the external lobe much larger, 
hook-shaped and very pilose. Palpi larger than the labial, 
4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd long and stout, narrowed at 
the base, 3rd obtrigonate, 4th very large and somewhat bowl- 
shaped, but compressed and attached by the side (3). 
Mentum small, semicircular. Lip rather large, membranous, 
pubescent and cordate. Palpi attached to small scapes arising 
from beneath the anterior margin of the mentum, triarticulate, 
basal joint small and curved, 2nd longer and clavate, 3rd very 
large pubescent and bowl-shaped (4). 
Head suborbicular : eyes lateral prominent and reniform. Thorax sub- 
orbicular or transverse-ovate, the sides a little reflexed : scuteUum 
semiovate. Elytra very long and elliptical. Wings ample. Legs 
rather short : thighs incrassated in the male, especially the hinder 
pair which are subovate, with a tooth beneath near the apex : tibiae 
simple with minute spurs at the apex, the posterior thickened in the 
male, with a notch on each side of the base, covered with a membrane, 
the apex produced on the inside and forming a strong obtuse spine : 
tarsi, 4 anterior 5-jointed, posterior 4-joittted, basal joint the longest, 
especially in the hinder j)air, penultimate bilobed, terminal clavate : 
claws strong and trifid, the central claw being the longest (5 f hind 
leg of male) . 

Bipunctatus Fab.- — Curt. Guide, Gen. 277. 1. 



NoTHUs was considered by Latreille to be related to the CEde- 
merae, but it appears to me to be closely allied to Conopalpus 
(Zonitis Brit. Ent.jtl. 112.); and although Dejean has placed 
them in different families with 3 or 4 tribes betv/een them, I 
expect they are sufficiently analogous to be received into the 
same family, and this will be best shown by comparing the 
dissections in pi. 112 with those of the one before us, when it 
will be seen that the slight differences in the tropin cannot be 
deemed more than generic: the tarsi are very similar, and the 
claws considerably so, and it is merely in the absence of a joint 



in the antennae in Conopaljius that any essential difference can 
be detected ; and the only claim the CEdemerae appear to have 
to our genus arises from the male having its thighs incrassated. 

The following are the descriptions of the specimens before 
us ; but great uncertainty exists respecting the species and their 
sexes, and I am inclined to think that N. clavipes is the male : 
the small dark insect in our plate being also a male, is probably 
merely a variety of the same with simple posterior legs, and 
the other insect figured {T. bipiinctatus Fab.) I believe to be 
the female of the same species, and this is rendered still more 
probable by the varieties recorded in Schonherr. 

A considerable number of both sexes have been taken within 
the last few years, principally on the white-thorns when in 
flower, in the vicinity of Monk's Wood, and formerly at 
Windsor, in May. I understand they stick so fast to the 
bushes that they are detached with great difficulty, which may 
be one reason of their being seldom seen. The trifid claws 
are well suited for catching hold, and the thickened hind legs 
of N. clavipes are astonishingly strong and well adapted for 
holding fast : at the base of the tibiae I observed a notch on 
each side, covered by a membrane, most likely for the action 
of muscles that draw the tibiae close to the underside of the 
thigh, which with the little spine beneath it and the hook at 
the apex would enable it to hold very fast to a leaf or branch, 
and even in attempting to open these in a relaxed specimen, the 
coxa was forced from the socket before I could accomplish it. 

N. clavipes 111. — Schon. Syn. App. 3. p. 7. 

Male piceous black with grey pubescence, thickly and minutely punctured; 
mouth, 3 basal joints of antenna?, entire margin of thorax and sometimes an 
abbreviated line down the back, and external margin of elytra pale ferrugi- 
nous ; sides and tips of the latter free from pubescence; base of thighs and 
of tibiae ferruginous, the former very much incrassated in the hinder pair and 
the tibise hooked at the apex (fig. 5 f ) ; apex of abdomen orange beneath. 
Gyllenhal desci'ibes a var. (•>. with the thighs entirely black. 

Male smaller and similar, but the base of the thighs and tibise are ferru- 
ginous-orange, the latter black at the base and the posterior legs ai'e simple. 
For the loan of this specimen (the right-hand figure in the plate) I am in- 
debted to A. Matthews, Esq., who took it and another, which has "a slender 
longitudinal yellow stripe on the thorax," on the blossoms of the White-thorn, 
at Weston-on-the-green, in May 1830. 

N.bipunctatus Fab. — Curt. Brit.Ent. pi. 538., left-hand figure. 

Female tawny ochre, thickly and minutely punctured and clothed with 
very short pubescence; antennae black, 3 basal joints head and thorax rufous; 
eyes, 2 spots adjoining them on the crown of the head, 2 on the back of the 
thorax and tips of the elytra black ; legs ochreous-orange, with a black spot 
above at the apex of the thighs, and the posterior entirely black at the tips, 
as well as the tibiae; tarsi fuscous, anterior ochreous, penultimate joint and 
tip of terminal one fuscous : pectus black, clothed with grey pubescence. 

Gyllenhal also describes a " var. /3 with the elytra black, 
the exterior margin pale". Schon. Syv. 

I think Mr. Mattheivs has taken N. hipunctatus, and last 
summer Mr. G. A. Wright captured it at Scarborough, but 
the specimen figured is from Mr. Shuckhard's Cabinet. 

The Plant is Gnaphalium rectum (Upright Cudweed). 



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112. 
ZONITIS TESTACEA. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cantharidse Lat.., Leach. 

Type of the Genus Zonitis praeusta Fab. 
ZoNiTis Fab., Lat., Panz. Melyris OUv. Dasytes Schon. 

AnienncE inserted close to the anterior margin of the eyes^ rather 
long, pubescent, more compressed in the males than females ; 
10-jointed^ basal joint small, 2nd very minute, 3rd clavate-trun- 
cate, 4th and following of the same form, but longer, terminal 
joint elongate ovate (6). 

Labrum very pilose, semicircular, produced at the posterior an- 
gles(l). 

Mandibles small, corneous, at the apex, vi^hich is bifid, coriaceous 
at the base which is dilated, with a large membranous lobe on 
the internal edge, pubescent at the apex, external margin pi- 
lose (2). 

MaxillcB small, coriaceous, bilobed, internal lobe linear, very 
hairy towards the apex, external membranous and hairy at the 
apex. Palpi long and robust, pilose, 4-jointed, basal joint small, 
2nd large subclavate, 3rd trigonate, 4th very large, elongate- 
conic, pubescent (3). 

Mentum pilose, quadrate, slightly dilated at the base. Palpi 
large, hatchet-shaped, arising from 2 scapes with a small hairy 
process between them, 3-jointed, 1st joint short, 2nd longer, in- 
curved, clavate, 3rd large hairy, attached obliquely, having the 
lower internal angle produced. Lip large membranous, pubes- 
cent rounded, notched in the middle (4). 
Head inflexed. Eyes vertical, not touching the thorax, kidney -shaped. 
Thorax transverse, rounded very short beneath to receive the head, 
Scutellum distinct. Coleoptra long, oval. Wings long. Tibiae 
simple long slender, with 2 spines at their apex. Tarsi of 4 anterior 
legs 5-jointed, basal joint the longest, 2nd and 3rd short obtrigonale, 
4th bilobed (5) : posterior 4-jointed, basal joint very long, 2nd ob- 
trigonate, 3rd bilobed (5*). Claws bideniate. 



Testacea OUv. Entom. v. 2. n. 21 . plate 3. fig. 15. a, b. 

Ochraceous, minutely punctured, villose. shining. Head in- 
clining to rufous. Eyes and apex of mandibles black. Antennae 
black, excepting the 3 basal joints which are ochraceous. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



The opinion that has hitherto prevailed in this country, that 
our insect belonged to Zeigler's genus Nothis, cannot be main- 



lained, since the incrassated posterior thighs of one sex and 
the arcuated of the other, are characters that are wanting in 
the species under investigation. We have placed it with Zo- 
niiis, as it agrees tolerably well with Latreille's definition in his 
Considerations Gefierales, page 215, where he has given Z.pr(S- 
usta Fab. as his type, and separated those species with length- 
ened maxillae, which he there calls Nemognatha. When the 
oral organs of the whole genus have been carefully examined, 
it will probably be found expedient to form 2 divisions. The 
antennae of our species are composed of 10 joints only, I be- 
heve, in both sexes ; the remarkable form of the labial palpi 
appears to be not uncommon amongst this and neighbouring 
genera, but whether the singular form of the mandibles be 
general I am not able to say for want of other species for dis- 
section. 

Although Mr. Stephens detected a solitary specimen of %o- 
nitis testacea in the cabinet of the late Mr. Marsham, it has 
never before been recorded as a British insect, and its name 
and economy were equally unknown. 

During a visit to Dorsetshire in the autumn of 1820, I found 
a larva in the decayed stump of a tree, which I gave to my 
friend Mr. Dale, who discovered the beginning of the follow- 
ing March, that it had changed to our insect ; — a valuable fadt, 
which proves its affinity in economy to the CEdemeridce of La- 
treille: we have since been favoured with specimens from 
Mr. Bennet and Mr. Stone ; and last year it occurred in some 
abundance upon the oaks and white-thorns in the New Forest 
the end of June and beginning of July. 

In the British Museum there is a single unlabelled speci- 
men of another species, of which we know neither the name 
nor the history. 

Vinca minor (the Less Periwinkle) is introduced in the 
plate. 






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590. 

PYROCHROA COCCINEA. 

The Cardinal Beetle. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Pyrochroidae. 

Type of the Genus, Pyrochroa rubens Fab. 
Pyrochroa Geoff., Fab., Lat., GylL, Curt. — Cantharis Linn. 

Antenna inserted before the eyes, rather short, pectinated in- 
ternally in the males, 11-jointed, basal joint elongate- ovate, 
2nd short obovate, 3rd and 4th large somewhat obtrigonate, 
the remainder of similar shape, vdxh the internal apex consider- 
ably produced in the males (6), apical joint the longest, slightly 
clavate and cun'ed. 

Labrum transverse, semiorbicular, slightly emarginate and ci- 
liated with hairs and bristles (1). 

Mandibles broad, narrowed, curved and bifid at the apex, A^ith 
a leathery ciliated lobe on the inside (2). 

Maxilla small, the internal lobe a little falcate and cilated, the 
other larger, ovate and very pubescent. Palpi porrected, rather 
large, pubescent and 4-jouited, basal joint smaU, truncated ob- 
liquely, 2nd long stout clavate and pilose, 3rd shorter and 
hatchet-shaped, 4th as large as the 2nd compressed, somewhat 
ovate-conic, narrowed at the base (3). 

Mentum lunate. Lip rather elongated, subcordate, deeply cleft 
and pubescent. Palpi short and slender, attached to large glo- 
bose scapes at the base of the lip, composed of 3 oblong joints, 
basal one a little the longest, 3rd rather the shortest, slightly 
obtrigonate, being truncated (4). 
Depressed. Head, trigonate, with a short narrow neck : eyes lateral, 
oblique, kidney -shaped. Thorax transverse-ovate : scutellum small 
and subtrigonate. Elytra very long and broad, a little dilated be- 
yond the middle, the apex rounded. Wings very ample. Legs mo- 
derate ; tibiae slightly clavate, spurs very minute : tarsi .5, 5 and 
4-Jointed, basal joint rather the longest in the hinder pair (of), 2nd 
and 3rd obtrigonate, 4th cup-shaped and bilobed, oth elongated, 
slender and clavate : claws simple and curved (5, afore leg). 



CoccixEA Linn. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 279. 2. 

Shining black ; upper side of thorax and elytra intense scarlet 
and densely pubescent ; a curved ferruginous mark between 
the eyes. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



From Ahrens' observations published in Silbermann's Revue, 
we learn that the larvae of P. coccinea are found under the 
bark of Birch-trees and in the trunks of decayincj Oaks ; some 
are full grown in April, whilst others have not attained halt 



their size, and he concludes they are 3 years going through 
their different metamorphoses ; they remain in the pupa state 
14 days. The larva is depressed long and linear, of a pale 
brownish ochre, the antennae are distinct, it has 6 pectoral 
feet, and the apex is terminated by 2 recurved spines. The 
pupa is similar in colour, but elongate- ovate, tapering towards 
the tail. 

The affinities of these beautiful insects seem difficult to de- 
termine. Latreille in his Genera Crustaceorum placed Py- 
rochroa between Calopus and Ripiphorus ; in his Considera- 
tions Generales its station is between Dendroides and Scraptia, 
and in his two last works it connects the Lagridfe and Mor- 
dellidae. Excepting the legs and ample elytra I can see little 
affinity between Pyrochroa and Lagria, and the Mordellidae 
form a very distinct family, distinguished by biarticulate labial 
palpi and attenuated elytra. The trophi of Pyrochroa are 
certainly most like those of Sitaris (pi. 340.), and it makes a 
considerable approach to the Genus Pytho in habit. 

Two species of Pyrochroa are found in England. 

1. rubens Fab. Panz. 95. 5. — coccinea Don. 2. pi. 56. J". 1. 
Shining black ; head, excepting the eyes, and thorax, ex- 
cepting the breast, scarlet ; scutellura and elytra of the same 
colour, the latter densely clothed with depressed pubescence. 
Length 5 to 7 lines. 

This, which is the rarest species on the Continent, is com- 
mon in most parts of England. It has been taken in May and 
June from Cumberland to Dorsetshire in hedges of White 
Thorn, the flowers of which it inhabits. I think I found the 
larva under the bark of an Oak-tree at Rougham last May ; 
it was of a piceous colour, and my friend Mr. Clark of Thet- 
ford showed me some of the beetles that were taken out of a 
block of wood. 

2. coccinea Linn. — Curt. B. E. pi. 590. ?. — rubra Don. 11. 

pi. 383. 

This species is at once distinguished by its bright scarlet 
colour, black head and scutellum. Mr. Dale and I have found 
it occasionally the end of May and beginning of June on stumps 
of trees in the sunshine in the New Forest ; at Bexley, Birch, 
and Darent Woods it has occurred as late as July I believe. 

The Plant is Thymus Calamintha (Common Calamint). 



279 





6 ^a. 




cy^. 



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A.^ 



279. 

MELOE BREVICOLLIS. 

The short-necked Oil-beetle. 



Order Coleoptera, Fam. Cantharidas Lat.., Leach. 

Type of the Genus, Meloe proscarabseus Linn. 

MfiLOE Linn., Fnb., Oliv., Panz., Leach, &c. — Proscarabseus Geoff. 
AntenncE inserted between, and close to the interior margin of 
the eyes, longer than the thorax, filiform or incrassated, some- 
times irregular in form in the males, 11 -jointed, basal and 3rd 
joints of equal size, ovate, 2nd smaller, globose, 4th subglobose, 
5th larger, cylindric, 6th inserted at the edge of the former, 
large and compressed, 7th dilated and incurved, and from the 
back- rises the 8th joint which is smaller and subglobose, as are 
also the 9th and 10th, the terminal joint elongate-conic (6). In 
the females the 4th and three following joints are sometimes 
large and subovate-truncate (6 a). 

Labrum thick, transverse, emarginate, pilose above, the anterior 
angles rounded and producing curved bristles (1 ). 
Mandibles large, strong and bent, with a slight shoulder above 
and a deep notch below the apex, which is truncated ; a mem- 
branous and ciliated lobe on the internal side with an obscure 
tooth near the base (2). 

Maxillce corneous, terminal lobe articulated, lunulated and cili- 
ated with curved bristles ; internal lobe coriaceous and densely 
pubescent. Palpi rather long, subclavate 4-jointed, basal joint 
small, 2nd rather the longest, clavate-truncate, 3rd ovate-trun- 
cate, 4th subovate (3). 

Mentum transverse-oval, narrowed and deflexed at the base. 
Labium large, cordate, and pilose anteriorly. Palpi attached 
near the lateral margins, subsecuriform, triarticulate, basal joint 
minute, 2nd obtrigonate pilose, 3rd wedge-shaped (4). 
Head suborbicular, vertical, as broad or broader than the head. Cly- 
peus slightly produced. Eyes inclining to kidney shape. Thorax 
quadrate or suborbicidar . Scutellum none ? Elytra generally cover- 
ing only a portion of the body, oval, crossing at the base, diverging 
towards the apex. Wings none. Abdomen large, oblong, conical 
and soft, especially in the females. Legs long robust and very hairy. 
Tibiae spurred, often shorter than the Tarsi which are densely pilose 
beneath, and b-jointed (5), the posterior pair 4-jointed (5*), the 
basal joint being rather the longest. Claws long, each divided to 
the base so as to form 4 distinct ungues. 



Beevicollis Panz.fasc. 10. n. 15. — Linn. Trans, v. 11. pL 6.f. 9. 
Male. Bluish-black. Antennse short, moniliform. Head broader 
than the thorax, subtrigonate-ovate, coarsely punctured. Thorax 
transverse oblong, broadest at the base, the angles rounded, 
coarsely punctured, with a slight channel down the middle. 
Elytra covering the body, rugose. 

Female. Rather more inclining to blue, the head and thorax 
sometimes tinged with green. Elytra not covering the body. 

hi the Author's and other Cabinets. 



There still exists so much obscurity respecting the larvae of 
Meloe, that I can onl}^ give a sketch which will enable my 
readers to search for themselves ; and it is very surprising that 
no one in this country should have reared them from the eggs. 

We learn from DeGeer that the eggs are oblong, of a pale 
orange colour, and are deposited in the earth in a cluster in 
May, and the larvae are hatched the month after. These ap- 
pear to be parasitical on other insects, for he placed some flies 
with them, and remarked that the larvse attached themselves 
in great numbers to the thorax of the Diptera, which speedily 
perished. Bees also are subject to their attacks, and MM. Le- 
pelletier and Servile appear to have confirmed DeGeer re- 
cently by breeding the same animals from the eggs of Meloe. 
On the other hand Mr. Kirby is disposed to think that his Pe- 
dicidus Melittce (P. Apis Lijm.l) is not the larva of Meloe; 
and M. Leon Dufour has even formed them into a genus under 
the name of Triunmlai-is andrcnetarum. and a fi<jure of one 
is given in the 13th volume of the "Annales des Sciences 
Naturelles. 

Mr. W. S. MacLeay, relying on the accuracy of DeGeer, 
seems to regard these little animals as typical of the Thysanu- 
riform larva, which marks one of his five great divisions of the 
Coleoptera. 

The following are our British species. 

I. Antennae thickened and distorted in the middle. 
.1. M. violaceus Mar. — April, May, and June; meadows and sunny banks, 
feeding upon the stalks of chickweed and other plants. 

2. M. proscarabEeus Ijinn. — vulgaris Ste. — Found with the last. 

3. M. tectus Panz. — June, woods, Hampstead. 

4. M. autumnalis Oliv, — glabratus L,ea. — punctatus Mar. — End of August 

and beginning of September, near Exmouth, Devon, Mr. Newman, 

II. Antennse simple. 

5. M. brevicollis Pflnr.— cephalotes Curt. mas. — April, meadows, Devon. 

Taken also near Christchurch, Hants, by the Rev. T. Cooke, to 
whom I am indebted for the male figured ; and beginning of May, 
Windsor Forest, Mr. Alexander Griesbach. 

6. M. cicatricosus Lea. — April and May. Grassy banks, Southend, Mar- 

gate and Ramsgate. 

7. M. variegatus Don. — April and May. Feversham and Margate. 

8. M. punctatus Fab. — Tuccia Boss'i. — rugosus 2Iar. — autumnalis Lea. — 

August, Margate. Middle of October, on Syngenesious plants and 
in a chalk-pit, and on a grassy bank iind April, at Ramsgate, Mr, 
Hanson. 

By consulting the British INIuseum cabinet, I find that Dr. 
Leach has corrected an error that occurred in his Monograph 
in the lltli volume of the Linnsean Transactions (where the 
species are all figured), and which misled me, when I lately 
published the genus in the " Guide," at which time also I be- 
lieved the insect figured to be a new species ; and it is so dif- 
ferent in many respects to the Museum specimens, which are 
females I believe, that had it not been for an authentic Ger- 
man one I should still have considered it to be distinct. The 
plant is Cistiis Helianthcmtim (Dwarf Cistus). 



6si 




1"^- mi 

658. 

CANTHARIS VESICATORIA. 

The Blister-beetle or Spanish-fly. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cantharidse. 

Type of the Genus, Meloe vesicatorius Linn. 

Cantharis Geoff., DeGeer, Curt. — Meloe Linn. — Lytta Fab., Marsh. 

Antenna inserted before the eyes at the base of the clypeus, 
considerably longer than the head and thorax especially in the 
mEdes ? filiform, naked, 11 -jointed, 3 basal joints metallic, 1st 
the longest and stoutest, pear-shaped, truncated obliquely, 2nd 
small somewhat cup-shaped, the remainder thickly punctured, 
elongate-ovate, the apical joint longer and ovate-conic (6). 
Labrum exserted, transverse pocket-shaped, sides rounded and 
bristly, anterior margin concave, coriaceous and bristly (1). 
Mandibles strong, subtrigonate, blunt at the apex, a quadrate 
notch on the inside at the middle, with an ovate fleshy lobe 
covering it internally (2). 

Maxilla terminating in 2 large ciliated lobes. Palpi short stout 
pubescent and 4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd elongate-obovate, 
3rd similar but shorter, 4th a little the longest and stoutest, 
ovate-conic (3). 

Mentum transverse-ovate, the base straight. Lip rather large, 
subquadrate, coriaceous, the margin very pubescent. Palpi in- 
serted on each side near the middle of the lip, clavate, triarti- 
culate, basal joint minute, 2nd the longest, clavate, bristly out- 
side, 3rd the broadest obovate (4). 
Head large subcordate : eyes small lateral, remote from the base. 
Thorax not larger than the head, transverse, narrowed at the base : 
scutel subtrigonate. Elytra veiy long, linear and convex, the costa 
slightly margined. Wings ample, the tips folded. Legs rather 
long and stout, hinder the longest : tibiae clavate, terminated by a 
pair of spurs, short in the hinder, with one dilated (5 f) ,• tarsi 
compressed, 5, 5 and 4-jointed, terminal joint as long as the basal, 
except in the hinder : claws strong, hooked, bifid, being cleft to the 
base; (5 afore, f a hind leg). 



Vesicatoria Linn. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 281. 1. 

Bright green, sometimes golden or copper coloured ; antennae, 
excepting the 3 basal joints, dull black : head and thorax spa- 
ringly punctured and slightly pubescent, the former with a 
dorsal channel, the latter with several depressions : elytra finely 
rugose, with 2 elevated lines on each : tarsi blackish. 

In the Author s and other Cabinets. 



Cantharis vesicatoria is not only a liandsome but a useful 
beetle, being invaluable for its medicinal and vesicatory pro- 
perties when employed as a stimulant or to produce blisters ; 
for these purposes it is collected in Spain for exportation, and 
is an important article of commerce. In visking the South of 
France where two species of the curious and beautiful Cero- 
coma were abundant, also Epicmita verticalis^ 111., and six or 
seven species of Mi/labres, I expected frequently to meet with 
C. vesicatoria, but I found only one specimen and Mr.Walker 
took 2 or 3 others. In England it is reckoned a rare insect, 
yet occasionally it makes its appearance in vast quantities. 
The following extract from Drury's Illustrations of Nat. Hist. 
will show that its visits were at remote periods in his time : 
" I have seen," he says, " in the cabinet of a very curious lady, 
sister to Ralph Willet, Esq. of Dean Street, Soho, not less than 
40 of this species (the Spanish-fly), being taken near his seat at 
Morley Place near Wimbourne in Dorsetshire, where she 
informed me they were found in great plenty during the month 
of June or July, frequenting the privet-trees. I have also found 
them in the environs of London, but not plentifully." 

I remember five or six specimens having been taken in and 
near Norwich about twenty years since, and Mr. T. Desvignes 
tells me that a very great number were found in a wood near 
that city last year, when it seems to have made its appearance 
in many parts of the kingdom, specimens being found near 
Christchurch in Hampshire and Colchester in Essex by 
Dr. Maclean, who gave me a beautiful example more tinged 
with copper than our British specimens usually are ; I am also 
indebted to Mr. L. Brock for a very fine series, varying 
greatly in size, selected from several hundreds found feeding 
on the Weeping-ash, I believe in the same neighbourhood. 
Linnaeus says that C. vesicatoria inhabits the Privet, Ash, 
Elder, Lilac, and Honey-suckle, upon the leaves of which it 
feeds. The larvae live in the earth and eat the roots of plants. 
In the 9th vol. of the Annales du Musee is an admirable 
memoir by M. Audouin, upon the anatomy, &c. of this valu- 
able beetle. 
The Plant is Hippocrepis comosa, Tufted Horse-shoe Vetch. 



3Sl 




Li^,^ cf.S/iA4^i&n<^>7iSj«:./.foSf 



30- 



382. 
LYMEXYLON NAVALE. 



Order Coleoptera. F^^m. Cantharidas. 

Type of the Genus, Cantliaris navalis Linn. 

Lymexylon Fab., Oliv., Panz., Lat., Curt. — Pterophorus Herb. — 
Cantharis Linn. 

Antenna inserted before the eyes, rather short very pilose and 
11-jointed : male with the basal joint curved, 2nd globose, 3rd 
shorter and slenderer than the 4th which is as long as the 1 st, the 
remainder subovate-truncate, slightly decreasing in length to the 
last, which is a little the longest and sub-conic (6) : rather 
stouter in the female, especially towards the middle, the 3 basal 
joints being slenderer than the following, the apical one suddenly 
narrowed from the middle to the apex (6 9). 
Lahrum transverse-oval, slightly produced in the centre, pilose 
and ciliated with bristles (1). 

Mandibles trigonate, acute, externally pilose, with a small mem- 
branous and pubescent margin on the inside (2) : sinuated on 
the inside in the female, with a membranous pubescent lobe at 
the middle (2?). 

MaxillcB very minute (3 a, the base) terminated by a rounded 
and pilose lobe, with a narrower one on the inside (b). Palpi 
very large, 4-jointed, basal joint minute, 2nd large funnel- 
shaped, receiving and concealing the basal portion of the 3rd, 
which produces several large branched appendages, cylindric 
and wrinkled, clothed with short hairs externally, with very long 
internally, 4th joint rather small and conical (c) : robust and 
pilose in the female, 4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd large, sub- 
obtrigonate, 3rd cup-shaped, 4th larger than the 2nd ovate- 
truncate (3 9). 

Mentum very small oblong. Lip short. Palpi pilose, apparently 

attached to scapes, triarticulate, basal joint minute, 3rd the 

largest, globose-ovate (4). Palpi remote in the female, basal 

joint small, 2nd not quite so stout as the apical one which is 

ovate. Lip subtrigonate, the angles rounded and pubescent (4 9 )• 

Male much smaller than the female. Head vertical, suborbicular : neck 

short. Eyes rather small, prominent and pubescent. Thorax small 

oblong, semicylindric. Scutellum rounded. Elytra narrow, subulate, 

divaricating at the apex and shorter than the body. Wings rather 

ample. Abdomen vei-y long, linear, depjressed and ovate at the apex, 

the female having the ovipositor sometimes exserted. Legs slender. 

Thighs compressed, rather short and broad. Tibiae simple. Tarsi 

^-jointed, anterior the shortest, basal joint longer than the 2nd and 

following, which are very pubescent beneath, 5 th the longest and 

slender; in the other feet, the basal joint is the longest. Claws 

small and acute (5). 

Navale Linn. Faun. Suec. 204,718. — Panz. 22.5. fem,. — flavipes 
Fab. mas.— Panz. 22. 6. Curtis's Guide, Gen. 276*, 1. 
In the Cabinet of Mr. .J. H. Griesbach. 



The genus Lymexylon is one of those types of form, the 
natural location of which it is difficult to determine. Its soft 
texture, the drooping head and small thorax, as well as the 
antennae which are generally thickest in the middle, severally 
offer strong resemblances to Sitaris, Cantharis, &c., but the 
5-jointed tarsi have induced M. Latreille to place it between 
the Cleridae and Ptinidse. 

One of the most remarkable circumstances however is the 
great difference in the structure of the trophi in the sexes : 
the mandibles are dissimilar, and the internal lobe (which in- 
duced me to arrange Lymexylon with the Cantharidae) is more 
developed in the female ; in this sex the labial palpi are remote, 
and the lip of a different form to that of the male, but the most 
striking dissimilarity exists in the maxillary palpi, which are 
simple in the female, but branched like coral in the male. I 
believe their curious structure has never before been correctly 
represented or described : in our Plate fig. 3 a, is the base of 
the maxilla, b the two terminal lobes, and c is placed at the 
base of the palpus. 

There is little doubt, I think, that the palpi or feelers are 
in most instances for retaining the food whilst the insect tears 
it to pieces and masticates it ; but to say why the male should 
be enabled to do this in a better or different way to the female, 
if their food be the same, is at present a mystery. 

The larvae of the Lymexylons feed upon timber, especially 
the oak, which they perforate and destroy. Turton has re- 
corded our species as British, but no authentic specimen was 
known until the female figured was taken by Mr. J. H. Gries- 
bach in Windsor forest on an oak-tree in July 1829, and I am 
indebted to him for the loan of it. It is said to be rare in 
France and common in the north of Europe ; it is therefore 
probable that other specimens may be detected in this country. 

L. navale Linn. — Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 382. 

Female shining, thickly and minutely punctured, clothed 
with very short pubescence, ochreous ; antennae brown subfu- 
siform : palpi ochreous : head black, strongly and very thickly 
punctured : thorax rufous, subovate : elytra piceous towards 
their tips, the same colour extending along the lateral margin 
nearly to the shoulders, each elytron with two obscure longi- 
tudinal elevated lines : wings deep fuscous, iridescent : abdo- 
men inclining to orange at the apex, the penultimate joint 
blackish, margined with orange, a stripe of the same colour 
down the centre and one on each side. 

Male smaller and black, antennas brown : elytra dark fus- 
cous, the base ferruginous : abdomen slightly ochreous at the 
apex : legs ochreous, tarsi fuscous : the shorter line in the 
Plate shows the length of a male I received from Germany. 

The Plant is Orohanche c^enilea (Purple Broom-rape). 



dsi 




s/ 



G54. 
HYLECCETUS DERMESTOIDES. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cantharidse ? 

Hyleccetus Lat., Dej., Curt. — Lymexylon Ffl6. — Cantharis Z/?'rtw. ? . 
— ATeloe Linn. ^ . 

Antenna inserted before the eyes, a little longer than the head, 
pubescent, compressed, slightly serrated, not much longer than 
the head, 11-jointed, basal joint obovate, 2nd the smallest sub- 
globose, 3rd the longest in the male (6), the remainder obtri- 
gonate, the 6th and following a little produced on the inside, 
apical joint almost as long as the 3rd, ovate-conic : rather shorter 
and stouter in the female and tapering to the base and apex 
(6 ? ), 3rd joint obovate -truncate. 

Labriim exserted, small, transverse, the sides rounded, the centre 
slightly produced, the margin ciliated (1). 
Mandibles short, trigonate, hairy outside, slightly bidentate at 
the apex with a minute notch on the inside (2). 
Maxilla small, with an acuminated lobe on the inside and an 
ovate one at the apex, both ciliated. Palpi very large in the 
male (3), 4-jointed, basal joint minute obtrigonate, 2nd more 
cup-shaped, 3rd large, irregularly cup-shaped, with a large 
double series of simple filaments united like ribs and inserted 
on the outside at the base : simple in the female ( ? 4), basal 
joint minute, 2nd elongated, clavate, 3rd subovate, 4th oblong 
compressed. 

Mentum minute subquadrate. Lip as large as the mentum. 
Palpi very much smaller than the maxillary in both sexes, yet 
much longer than the lip (4), pubescent, triarticulate, basal 
joint subovate, 2nd cup-shaped, 3rd a little the largest and sub- 
ovate, oblong in the female. 
Head orbicular slightly nutant : eyes small globose and lateral. Thorax 
transverse, a little narrowed before : scutel subtrigonate truncate. 
Elytra very long and. linear, nearly covering the abdomen. Wings 
ample. Legs moderate, slender : tibiae, anterior rather the shortest 
and stoutest, hinder with very tninute spurs : tarsi rather long, slender 
and 5-jointed, basal joint long, the following decreasing in length, 
the apical joint longer : claws curved acute (5, a fore leg). 



Dermestoides Linn. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 28 F. 2nd edit. — Marci 
Linn. — proboscideum Fab. } 

Pubescent, shining, minutely punctured ; elytra with 4 indistinct, 
slightly elevated lines down each. Male black, the antennae 
brown, legs ochreous ; or with the elytra ferruginous and the 
apex fuscous. Female bright and deep ochreous : eyes black; 
antennae fuscous, excejit at the base ; breast and base of abdo- 
men fuscous. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. T. Desvignes, Mr. Shuckard, and the Author. 



The males of this remarkable insect, like those of Lymexylon 
(pi. .'38'2), are characterized by large and extraordinary palpi, 
and the great length of the elytra renders it unnecessary for the 
wings to be folded, or at most only at the apex ; but although 
they agree in these respects, the serrated antennae of the ge- 
nus before us will enable the student to distinguish it from 
Lymexylon. 

I have on a former occasion given my reasons for placing 
these insects with the Cantharichr, but at the same time if na- 
tural affinities could be found aniony-st the Pentamera I should 
prefer associating them with that tribe. Latreille places Hy- 
leccetus, Ly?7iexylon, and Atradocerus between MalacJiius and 
Tillus, and the Baron Dejean between the Clerida and the 
PtinidcB. These are all timber-feeding genera, and the Hy- 
lecoeti seem to be attached to the birch. 

H. dermestoides, although stated by Latreille to inhabit this 
country, and recorded by Stewart as being found in old neg- 
lected woods, was not considered an indigenous species until 
last year, when Mr. Thomas Desvignes took six males and one 
female on the 1st of May in Sherwood Forest, Nottingham- 
shire, in that portion called Birkland Wood, near Ollerton. It 
was about noon that he saw them flying round one of the old 
Birch-trees, upon which they alighted and then ran quickly up 
and down the bark. The only female he found was of a bright 
ochreous colour ; several of the males had somewhat ferrugi- 
nous elytra with their apex fuscous, like the one represented 
in the plate ; but he took two entirely black, excepting the legs, 
one of which he obligingly added to my Cabinet. 

The Plant is Actcca spicata, Herb Christopher, from spe- 
cimens which Mr. T. Howson showed me growing at Mal- 
ham Cove, Yorkshire. 



// 




?«**> TU^: /: ; 



714. 
ANTHICUS TIBIALIS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cantharidae or Anthicidae. 

Type of the Genus, Meloe Antherinus Linn. 

Anthicus Fab., Payk., Curt. — Notoxus III., Lat. — Lytta Mars. — 
Meloe Linn. 

Antennce inserted before the eyes, on each side of the clypeus, as 
long as the head and thorax, pubescent and pilose, a little thick- 
ened towards the apex, 11-jointed, basal joint the stoutest and 
oval, 2nd the slenderest, short and obovate, 5 following shorter 
than the 1st; elliptic -truncate, 8th, 9th and 10th more ovate- 
quadrate, 11th as long as the 1st; apex conical (6). 
Lahrum transverse-ovate, anterior margin slightly concave and 
pubescent, surrounded by long hairs (1). 

Mandibles trigonate, the apex acute and bifid ; a narrow mem- 
branous margin on a portion of the inside, with a quadrate notch 
below the middle (2). 

Maxillcd small, terminating in 2 short, densely hairy lobes, outer 
one the largest and ovate. Palpi large and securiform, pube- 
scent and 4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd long, sublinear, 3rd 
short and cleaver- shaped with a long bristle on the inside, 4th 
very large and ax-shaped, the apex thickened (3). 
Mentum corset-shaped. Palpi short, attached to short scapes, 
biarticulate, basal joint somewhat obovate, 2nd longer broad 
and ovate (4). 
Head orbicular-quadrate, attached by a distinct neck, the clypeus nar- 
rowed: eyes rather small, prominent and lateral. Thorax not broader 
than the head, obovate-cordate : scutel minute. Elytra twice as broad 
as the thorax, and 4 times as long, elongate-ovate, not covering the 
apex of the abdomen. Wings ample. Legs rather short : trochan- 
ters, anterior with a tubercle, hinder with a tooth beneath : thighs, 
anterior short and stout, hinder narrower and compressed: tibiae 
with minute spurs, hinder the longest, sometimes dilated at the apex : 
tarsi 5, 5 and ■^■jointed, basal joint short in the anterior (5), the 2nd 
and 3rd shorter and obcordate, 4th bilobed, 5th clavate and the long- 
est ; basal joint very long in the hinder (f), 2nd as long as the ter- 
minal, the 3rd bilobed : claws small and acute. 



Tibialis Curt.Mss. — Guide, Ge«. 283. 

Shining piceous with a bluish tinge, firmly punctured, base of 
head and thorax castaneous-red, excepting the fore part of the 
latter : elytra with ochreous pubescence, the base sometimes 
castaneous : mouth antennae and legs fulvous, thighs pitchy- 
chestnut ; hinder tibiae dilated towards the extremity, which is 
concave internally and ochreous, as well as the base, the middle 
being black. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Spence, Mr. Rudd, and the Author. 

The simple form of the thorax distinguishes this group from 
Notoxus; and the proportions of the labial palpi, the 3rd 
joint of which is not cup-shaped, as well as the tarsi, are very 
different to those of Xylophihis, fol. 299. 



The Anthici are lively little beetles, tliat are generally found 
in warm and sheltered situations ; but in the South of France 
I observed several pretty species much smaller than ours, run- 
ning up the trunks of trees. The following are native species. 

1. Antherinus Linn. — Panz. 11. 14. 

June, on flowers at Hertford : rare at Earsham in Norfolk, 
May, in great abundance under rejectamenta at Tollsbury, 
Essex, J. C. : May, June, and July, on mud, Glanville's Woot- 
ton and Puddimore, Somerset, and Thorne Moor, Yorkshire, 
Mr. Dale : very abundant under rejectamenta, Isle of Wight, 
Rev. G. T. Rudd. 

2. quadrinotatus Gyl. 2. 498, 8. 

" Captured within the metropolitan district in June." 

3. ater Payk.—Panz. 31. 15. 

April, Southend; and 13th May several under stones near 
the Chesil-bank, Portland, J. C. ; and in June, Mr. Dale. 

4. fuscus Mars. — floralis Panz. 23. 5. 

Very abundant from April to November on dunghills, hot- 
beds, and under rejectamenta ; Mr. Dale generally meets with 
it flying. 

5. floralis Lirm. — formicarius Oliv. 

May, flowers in gardens ; beginning of August on Trifolium. 

6. equestris Panz. 74. 8. 

" June, near London and in Devon, as well as the next." 

7. gracilis Kug. — Panz. 38. 21. 

8. angustatus Curt. — humilis of Ahrens is a different species. 
Elongated and narrow, the thorax obovate ; mouse-colour- 
ed, with ochreous pubescence, thickly and rather strongly 
punctured ; back of head and thorax bright rufous when alive, 
disc of the latter afterwards fuscous ; antennae and legs ochre- 
ous-chestnut, underside partaking of the same colour: length 
1 line. 

I found two in September floating in a rill running down 
the Cliff, at Blackgang Chine. 

9. constrictus Rudd's Mss. 

Shining piceous, firmly punctured ; thorax compressed be- 
hind, with a transverse channel ; elytra finely pubescent, with 
a castaneous line at the apex, sometimes with a bright ferru- 
ginous spot divided by the suture; mouth, antennae and legs 
fulvous; apex of former sometimes fuscous ; middle of thighs 
and hinder tibiae piceous; 1^ line. 

June and August, under rejectamenta near Ryde, Rev. 
G. T. Rudd. 

10. tibialis Curt. Brit. Ent. j^l- 714. 

Mr. R. H. Spence first gave me this very distinct species, 
which he took under rejectamenta near Netley in October ; 
and Mr. Rudd has taken it near Ryde in June. 

I am indebted to T. C. Heysham, Esq., for Oxj/ria renifonnis 
{Rumex digynus), Mountain Sorrel, who sent it from Borrow- 
dale. 



m 





^ J? 



ci^g^.^-cXt^.^, ,..,.., 



33 



7' Jf3o 
299. 

XYLOPHILUS OCULATTJS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cantharidae Ciai. Anthicicles 

Lai. 
Type of the Genus, Anthicus oculatus Payk. 

Xylophilus Bon.,Lat. — Aderus West., Step. — Anthicus Fab., Payk., 
GyL — Notoxus Panz. — Lytta Marsh. — Cerambyx DeG. 
Antennae of the male (6), inserted below the eyes, as long or 
longer than the body, very pilose, filiform, 11 -jointed, basal 
joint the shortest, excepting the 2nd which is quadrate^ the re- 
mainder of equal length, somewhat funnel-shaped, truncate at 
both ends, having a serrated appearance when curved, terminal 
joint very long, dilated a little and acuminated at the apex : 
those of the female (6a), inserted close to the internal margin 
of the eyes, half the length of the body, slightly incrassated to- 
wards the extremity, the joints more or less cup-shaped, the 
terminal one elongate-ovate. 

Labrum semiorbicular, sparingly clothed with hairs (I). 
Mandibles bifid at the apex, pilose externally, with the internal 
margin membranous and transparent (2). 
Maxillce small, terminated by a semilunar pubescent lobe, with 
a small linear one on the inside, having a fascicle of curved 
bristles at the apex. Palpi very long, 4-jointed, basal joint 
slender and curved, 2nd long and subclavate, 3rd pilose sub- 
ovate, 4th very large, somewhat cup-shaped, pilose, truncated 
and spongy at the extremity (3). 

Mentum transverse, the angles rounded. Lip rather long and 

membranous, dilated and pilose at the apex. Palpi inserted 

near the middle, contiguous, triarticulate, basal joint minute, 

2nd small obovate, 3rd large cup-shaped, the apex truncated, 

spongy and pilose (4). 

Eyes very large and coarsely granulated, especially in the male, in 

which sex they approximate in front. Thorax semioval, narrower 

than the head. Scutellum minute. Elytra twice as broad as the 

thorax, elongate-ovate, somewhat depressed towards the base. Wings 

very ample. Legs slender. Thighs ; hinder pair incrassated. Tibiae 

spurred. Tarsi ; 4 anterior b-jointed, basal joint long, 2nd and 3rd 

lobed internally , 4th minute, forming the base of the blh which is 

clavate (5) ; basal joint very long and strongly ciliated beneath in the 

middle pair (5*) ; posterior pair 4-jointed, basal joint very long, 2nd 

lobed internally, 3rd very minute, 4th clavate (of). Claws simple. 

Oculatus Payk. — Gyl.2, 501, 11. — nigricollis Marsh, fern. 

Male: Castaneous, shining, clothed with yellowish pubescence. 
Head and thorax black punctured, the latter with a transverse 
impression towards the base. Elytra linear, rounded at the apex, 
coarsely and irregularly punctured. Trophi, Antennaa and 4 
anterior legs ochreous-ferruginous. Female : Elytra elongate 
ovate. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Grieshach, Mr. Walker, and the Author. 



Latreille in his " Families Naturelles" has stated that An- 
thicus populneus is the type of Bonelli's genus Xylophilus; 
and that insect being unknown to me when my " Guide" was 
printed, the little group to which it belongs, there formed a 
part of the genus Anthicus. 

In the trophi, Xylophilus so closely resembles Conopalpus 
(pi. 112), that it is evident they belong to the same family: 
the antennae, however, are eleven-jointed in the former ; and 
the penultimate joint of the tarsi, which Latreille did not de- 
tect, is very minute instead of being bilobed. 

To complete the genus I shall describe the other two spe- 
cies that inhabit Britain, but the second I do not possess. 

1. X. Populneus Fab.—Panz. 35. ^.—Gyl. 2. 500. 10. 

Antennae with the 2nd and 3rd joints subglobose, tes- 
taceo-ferruginous, very finely and obscurely punctured, 
clothed with a fine silky pubescence ; head sometimes 
blackish ; base of elytra and a fascia in the middle, 
denuded of pubescence. 
This insect receives its name from living beneath the bark 
of poplars : but Mr. F. Walker has found specimens at South- 
gate upon the leaves of elm-trees in summer, and in the winter 
in an old oak, as well as under the bark of a horse-chesnut- 
tree ; and to his kindness I am indebted for the sexes. 

2. X. pygmaeus DeG. — Gyl. 2. 502. 12. — ferrugineus Payh. 

— melanocephalus Panz. 35. 5. — Boleti Mar. -p. 486. 
Fusco-testaceous, distinctly punctured, finely pubes- 
cent; antennae elytra and feet paler, thorax short, 
transversely impressed. Gyl. 
DeGeer found it in woods in June. Marsham says it in- 
habits Boletus vetiiliniis, and that the larvae and imago were 
living together. 

3. X. oculatus Payk. — Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 299, mas. 

Mr. J. H. and Mr. Alexander Griesbach have liberally 
presented me with specimens of this rare insect, which they 
took off willows nearWindsor last July. Mr. Kirby, I believe, 
has met with it in Suffolk, and Mr. Walker has found it at 
Southgate upon a lime-tree. 

The plant is Scleranthus ammus (Annual Knawel). 



cwo 





3^ 



646. 
PTINUS SEXPUNCTATUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Ptinidae. 

Type of the Genus, Ptinus Fur Linn. 

Ptinus Linn., Fab., Curt., &c. 

Antennae as long or longer than the body in the male, shorter 
and stouter in the female, inserted near the middle of the face, 
approximating, rather stout, filiform, hairy and 11-jointed, basal 
joint stout and ovate, 2nd small, pear-shaped, 3rd not longer 
than the 1st, the remainder long and linear, terminal joint coni- 
cal at the apex (6). 

Labrum suborbicular, a little narrowed before, slightly emargi- 
nate and densely cUiated with long hairs (1). 
Mandibles subtrigonate, convex and hairy outside, the apex 
acute with a short tooth on the inside, beneath which the mar- 
gin is ciliated (2). 

Maxillee with an obtuse spine at the insertion of the palpi, apex 
terminating in 2 rounded lobes densely cihated. Palpi rather 
long clavate pubescent and 4-jointed, basal joint long and slen- 
der, 2nd and 3rd stouter, of equal length, the former obovate, 
the latter truncated, 4th equal in length to all the others, very 
stout and subfusiform, the apex rounded (3). 
Menium somewhat semicircular. Lip elongated, dilated and 
cihated in front. Palpi attached to the centre of the anterior 
margin, short stout and triarticulate, basal joint long slender 
and curved, 2nd obtrigonate, 3rd large and pyriform (4). 
Head very short and nutant : eyes sinall lateral and j)rominent. Thorax 
gibbose, subglobose, constricted near the base and projecting over the 
head: scutel small and orbicular. Elytra long and oval: wings 
very long. Legs moderate : thighs clavate : tibiae rather long and 
slender : tarsi longish, 5 -jointed, basal joint the longest, 4th the 
smallest, 5th clavate : claws small. (5, a hind leg.) 



SEXPUNCTATUS Fab. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 284. 5. 

Female, castaneous brown : antennae and legs clothed with 
ochreous scales, base of head and scutel with whitish scales : 
thorax with a tubercle on each side, but not channelled, rugose 
with punctures, having also short ochreous hairs : elytra with 
10 lines of oblong punctures and rows of smaller punctures be- 
tween them producing short hairs ; a large sublunate white spot 
on each side towards the shoulders and another near the apex, 
divided and forming a small and large spot. 
In the Author's Cabinet. 



Ptinus is frequently a most destructive insect in houses, 
iving in wood and furniture, and occasionally causing serious 
nischief in museums. 



Two allied genera, Mezium and Gibbiiim, have been already 
illustrated in this Work, and they are so well characterized by 
their connate elytra and indistinct scutels that I need only 
refer to Plates 232 and 3 i2, where they are represented. The 
following are our species of the genus Plinus. 

1. imperialis Linn. — Panz. 5. 7. — Sam.pl. \.f. 6. 

June, hedges, Darent and Birch Woods, and on paling in 
the spring in Norfolk and Suffolk, J. C. On White-thorn 
blossoms, end of May, Mr. Dale, and Coomb Wood, J. C. ; 
near Bristol, Mr. Waring ; near Burgh Castle, Mr. Paget. 

2. germanus Linn. — Oliv. v. 2. no. \1.pl, \. f. 6. 

June, on old posts, Carrow Abbey near Norwich, and Bun- 
gay, Suffolk, J. C. ; Swansea, Mr. Dillwyn. 
3.' rufipes Fab. — Oliv. pi. ^.f. 8. — elegans Fab. ? . 

May, hedges. 

4. sex-punctatus Fab. — Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 64-6. ? . — Muse- 

orum Leach. 

This handsome species is at once distinguished from the fol- 
lowing by the form of the thorax, which is not channelled : it 
is of a dark chocolate colour, the crown of the head is distinctly 
whitish, and the white spots on the elytra are dissimilar. 

The only specimen 1 have seen I took many years since in 
Norfolk, but Mr. Dale thinks he captured one at Furleigh near 
Beaminster the end of June ; May, Edinburgh, Dr. Leach. 

5. Fur Linn. — Don. v. 12. pi. 422. — testaceus Mars. ^ . — cla- 

vipes Panz. 99. 4. — Latro Fab. 
September and the winter months, common in houses every- 
where. 

6. crenatus Fab. — ovatus Mars. — Cerevisiae Mars. ? — testa- 

ceus Oliv.? pi. 2./. 9. 
April and August, houses, Norfolk, Hurne and Glanville's 
Wootton. 

7. Lichenum Mars. 89. 26. — similis Mars. 90. 30. ? .— bidens 

Oliv.pl. 2./. 10. 
May, Thetford, and in old houses at Drayton, in Norfolk. I 
have frequently taken both sexes in May on old paling at 
Wandsworth, but I could only find the males in the middle of 
June. 

For specimens of the rare Plant figured, Veronica /ii/brida, 
Welch Speedwell, I am indebted to W. C. Hewitson, Esq., 
who gathered them the end of last August on St. Vincent's 
Rocks near Bristol. 



232 




rSU-iYd>'.€^'^Oa/.' 



Jt> 



6^- n9,f 

232. 
MEZIUM SULCATUM. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Ptinidae Leach. Ptiniores hat. 

Type of the Genus Ptinus sulcatus Fab. 
Mezium Leach MSS, Sam. — Ptinus Fab., Marsh., Gmel. 

Antennce inserted in the middle of the face, nearly as long as the 
body, approximating, straight, robust nearly filiform and densely 
clothed with depressed scales ; 11 -jointed, basal joint the longest 
slightly clavate, the 9 following somewhat cup-shaped, slightly 
tapering, the 1 1 th joint a little longer, acuminated obliquely (6). 
Labrum transverse, slightly dilated at the base, anterior angles 
rounded, deeply emarginate and densely ciliated (1). 
Mandibles short, subtrigonate, acute at the apex, producing a 
blunt tooth on the internal side (2). 

MaxillcB small producing 2 lobes densely clothed with hair, the 
internal one larger than the external, which projects considerably 
beyond it. Pa/pi short, 4-jointed, basal joint curved, 2nd and 
3rd subtrapezoid, 4th long subovate, and terminated by a ve- 
sicle (3). 

Mentum pilose trigonate, anterior angle truncated and produced 

over the Labium which is membranous and subovate, the margin 

thickened. Palpi inserted near the middle of the labium, short 

and robust, triarticulate, basal joint very slender, 2nd subglobose, 

3rd conical (4). 

Head very short, nearly concealed. Eyes extremely minute touching 

the Thorax which is cylindric, very pubescent and not broadest at the 

base. Scutellum none. Elytra connate, globose smooth and se7ni- 

transparent. Wings none. Legs rather long, densely covered with 

scales; thighs clavate; tibiae simple; tarsi composed of 5 short joints. 

Claws minute (5, afore leg). 



Sulcatum Fab. Ent. Syst. 1 . pars 1 . p. 24 1. n, 11 . Marsh. Ent. Brit. 
91.32. 

Clothed with shining ochreous scales. Thorax with a deep chan- 
nel in the middle and a shallower one on each side forming 2 
elevated ridges down the back, producing longer scales ; the 
posterior margin thickened like a cord. Elytra globular, cas- 
taneous and polished, having a few ochreous bristles only at the 

base. 

In the Authofs and other Cabinets. 



The thorax of our insect gives it the appearance of a true 
Ptinus, whilst the shining and globose elytra very much re- 
semble those of Gibbium ; it is therefore evidently interme- 
diate between those genera. I am happy to be the first who 
has ever characterized the genus Mezium, or figured the spe- 
cies : it seems to be unknown upon the Continent, for it neither 
appears in the catalogues of the Baron Dejean nor of M. 
Sturm. In London it is not uncommon, being found in houses 
generally about the month of April, frequently coming out of 
the old paper on the walls of the rooms, or falling from the 
ceiling : whether it destroys the laths, feeds upon the paper, 
or the paste by which it is attached, has not I believe been 
ascertained. 

Fabricius states that it inhabited dried plants from the Ca- 
nary Isles. The males are smaller than the females, and not 
elongated as in the genus Ptinus. 

For fine specimens of this insect I have to acknowledge my 
obligations to A. H. Davis, Esq., to whose liberal communi- 
cations I am indebted for much valuable information. 

The plant represented in the Plate is Ornithopus perpusillus 
(Common Bird's-Foot). 



3a/^ 





(Si^.-^c/.&,u^du.- / /AV 



342. 
GIBBIUM SCOTIAS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Ptinidae Leach. 

Type of the Genus, Ptinus Scotias Fab. 
GiBBiuM Scop., Lat., Curt. — Scotias Czenpinski. — Ptinus Fab., Oliv., 
Gtnel. — Bruchus Geoff. 

Aiitennce inserted before the eyes, approximating, porrected, 
nearly as long as the body setaceous, densely clothed with long 
pubescence, 1 1 -jointed, basal joint robust subovate, 2nd and 3rd 
slender of equal length, as long as the 1st, subclavate, the re- 
mainder shorter, excepting the terminal joint which is the longest 
and somewhat conical (6). 

Labrum suborbicular, deeply emarginate before, and thickly 
clothed with long curved hairs (1). 

Mandibles subtrigonate, arched and a little pilose externally, 
producing an obtuse tooth on the inside, the margin below being- 
pilose and pubescent (2). 

MaxillcB bilobed, internal lobe elongate, external short, both 
densely clothed with pubescence and furnished with curved spines 
at the margin. Palpi 4-jointed, basal joint slender, long and 
curved at the base, 2nd and 3rd obovate, 4th rather longer than 
the 1st, attenuated to the apex, which has a vesicle (3). 
Mentum small, subtrigonate, very pilose, broadest at the base 
and attenuated to the apex which is rounded. Labium projecting 
considerably beyond the mentum, very pubescent subcordate, 
the sides lobed. Palpi attached near the anterior margin, tri- 
articulate, pubescent, basal joint short and slender, 2nd obovate, 
3rd larger elongate-ovate (4). 
Head not very short, nutant. Eyes small, not prominent, placed on 
each side the crown of the head near the Thorax which is smooth, 
circular, broadest at the base, longest above, anterior margin nearly 
straight, posterior convex. Scutellum none. Elytra connate, ovate, 
nearly enclosing the body beneath. Wings none. Abdomen very 
small. Legs rather long, especially the hinder pair : coxae long, par- 
ticularly the posterior : thighs clavate : tibiae incrassated at the apex, 
hinder pair the longest: tarsi composed of 5 short joints, nearly ob- 
trigonate, excepting the apical one which is subovate: claws minute 
(5f, a hind leg). 



Scotias Oliv. v. 2. no. 17. pi- \. f.2. Panz. 5. 8. Curtis's Guide, 
Gen. 28(3. — apterus Gmel. 

Chestnut colour, smooth, shining. Head black, sides with a few 
elevated lines : clypeus and mouth clothed with ochreous pu- 
bescence : antennae and legs densely clothed with ochraceous 
scaly pubescence, 

Obs. The continental specimens are larger and of a ferruginous 
ochre colour. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. IVailes, the Author, S^c 



GiBBIUM Scotias may be mistaken at first sight for Mezium 
sulcatum ; but the skilful entomologist will soon discover that 
it has a smooth and shining thorax, and instead of being gib- 
bous, the outline is continuous with that of the elytra, which 
are obliquely truncated at the base. The small eyes are placed 
further from the antennae in our genus than in Mezium, and 
the singular shining and semitransparent horny elytra are 
slightly elongated. 

The antennae of both genera are so thickly clothed with 
scales, that they appear to be robust, but they taper con- 
siderably in Gibbium. The principal differences in the trophi 
are to be found in the labrum and labium, in the length of the 
palpi, and in the maxillae, which are furnished with longer 
and more curved spiny bristles than in Mezium. 

" Nothing," says Geoffroy, " is more singular, for the form, 
than this little insect : it resembles a brown and shining globe, 
carried upon feet ; its head forming only a little point on one 
side. The head is very small, and there arise from it antennae 
almost as long as the body, and placed before the eyes, which 
are very minute. The thorax is broad and very short. The 
elytra are convex, smooth, polished, and of a chestnut colour : 
they meet and are united, and moreover they envelope a great 
portion of the underside of the body, so that the insect is quite 
clothed with a cuirass. Under these united and immoveable 
elytra there are no wings. Its antennae and feet are a little 
hairy, and of a light colour. The rest of the body is brown 
and shining." 

Until within a few years, this curious insect was considered 
to inhabit houses and museums in the south of Europe only; 
but from Mr. Samouelle we learn that "it has been three 
times taken in Bristol," in April : and it has lately been de- 
tected at Newcastle by George Wailes, Esq., to whom I am 
indebted for specimens and the following memorandum : — " I 
take these insects in a very dry closet, and think, from the 
exuviae of the larvae I have found, that they subsist either 
upon the paper with which the closet is hung, or the paste 
that attaches it to the wall." In France it is also found in 
old hay. 

The plant is Clematis Vitalba (Traveller's Joy). 




m 






<J^,^c/C^-i^ O.^.- /■ /6o/ 



^7 



375. 
SERROCERUS PECTIN AT US. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Ptinidae. 

Type of the Genus, Ptilinus pectinatus Fab. 

Serrocekus Kugel.,Gyl.,Curt. — Xyletinus hat., Dej. — Ptilinus Fab., 
Panz., Gyl. — Dermestes Mars. 

Antennce nearly alike in both sexes, inserted before the eyes at 
the base of the mandibles, a little longer than the thorax, beneath 
which they are concealed when at rest, compressed, pubescent, 
1 1 -jointed, basal joint clavate, 2nd the smallest, subglobose, the 
remainder obtrigonate, being produced at the apex on the inside, 
excepting the terminal joint which is the longest and elliptical (6). 
Labrum suborbicular, truncated anteriorly and ciliated (1). 
Mandibles subtrigonate, dilated and rounded externally at the 
base, furnished with 3 teeth on the inside, at the apex (2). 
Maxillce terminated by 2 lobes, the internal rather small and 
fringed with short hairs, the external much larger, trapezate and 
densely ciliated. Palpi a little longer than the labial, 4-jointed, 
basal joint minute, 2nd long subclavate, 3rd short, 4th rather 
longer than the 2nd, robust, somewhat elongate-ovate (3). 
Mentum subtrigonate, the angles and apex rounded. Labium 
quadrate at the base, producing two narrovv divaricating and pu- 
bescent lobes. Palpi attached near the sides of the lip, triarti- 
culate, basal joint minute, 2nd and 3rd nearly of equal length, 
the former subclavate, the latter hatchet-shaped (4). 
Head broad and deflexed. Eyes small and lateral. Thorax short, broad 
and convex, the sides slightly reflexed. Scutellum small. Elytra 
broader than the thorax, ovate. Wings ample. Legs short. Thighs 
slightly thick. Tibiae rather long, with a minute spur at the apex. 
Tarsi composed of 5 somewhat obtrigonate joints, basal rather the 
longest, 3rd and 4th the shortest, 5th obovate. Claws minute (5, a 
fore leg; ^the same tarsus viewed above). 



Pectinatus Fab. Ent. Syst. 1. 244. 4.— Curt. Guide, Gen. 288. 

Piceous-black, slightly glossy, partially clothed with exceedingly 
short ochreous pubescence : antennae with the two basal joints 
rufous : head and thorax very minutely reticulated, slightly keeled 
before the scutellum : elytra sometimes dull castaneous, with 12 
deep and punctured furrows on each, the sutural one abbreviated, 
the interstices transversely striated : legs pale rufous. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



The genus Serrocerus of Kugellan was originally formed I 
believe to contain Dorcatoma, as well as the species at present 
under consideration ; and as it was established nearly 40 years 
since in Schneider's Magazine, I have restored his name, which 
alludes to the serrated antennas. 

Since my "Guide " was published, I find that it is the first, 
and not the second species, that I possess. 

1. S. pectinatus Fab. — Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 375. var. — Pariz. 6. 

9. — striatus Kug. P — rufipes Mars. 62. 5. var. 

I have seen specimens smaller, and others larger, than the 
outline figured in the plate. The coloured one is a variety, for 
the elytra are generally of an uniform pitchy black. Sometimes 
3 or more of the basal joints of the antennae are rufous, and 
the thighs are occasionally dusky. 

It inhabits old wood, especially oak. I took one on some 
paling at North Mimms, Hertfordshire, in which county I be- 
lieve it is not uncommon ; and Mr. Marshall found it in some 
abundance in the decayed parts of large old posts near Bridge- 
north in Shropshire, the beginning of last June. 

I doubt whether the true P. serratus of Fabricius has been 
discovered in England: at first I thought it might be the male 
of the above insect ; but Mr. Marshall having taken both sexes, 
he decided that point. I have never seen a British specimen 
of the Fabrician P. serratus^ which is probably not the 35. 9. of 
Panzer, for Fabricius says his insect is smaller than P. Dor- 
catoma {Dorcatoma Dresdensis\ and I shall give his charac- 
ters that the student may judge for himself. 

2. S. serratus Fab. Supp. 73. 5. — ater or serratus Panz. 35. 9 ? 
" BlacJc, elytra striated. Smaller than the preceding (P. Dor- 
catoma). Head inflexed. AntenncE very much serrated, very 

Jlabellate, black. Thorax smooth, with the margin deflexed.'* 
Fab. 

The rufous tibiae and tarsi of Marsham's D. riifipes, the 
length of which is 1^ line, and even the name intimates that it is 
not the same species as the P. ater or serratns. His descrip- 
tion was no doubt taken from a variety of P. pectinatus, with 
the thighs and antennae fuscous, the base of the latter, the legs 
and feet rufous. 

In the early editions of Panzer his fig. 35. 9. is named P. 
ater, but he has since altered it to serratus : it is better there- 
fore to adopt the Fabrician names, considering the doubt which 
is attached to Panzer's figure. 

The Plant is Viburnum Lantana (Way-faring Tree). 



j,i7 




di^^ t/?€U4>c^../XP<y:g 



3^ 



387. 

ANOBIUM PERTINAX. 

The obstinate Death-watch. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Ptinidae. 

Type of the Genus, Ptinus tesselliitus Linn. 

Anobium Fab., Ol'w., Lot., Curt. — Ptinus Linn., Mars. — Byrrhus 
Geof. — Dermestes Thunh. 

Antenna inserted close to and before the eyes, pilose, clavate, as 
long as the thorax, 1 1 -jointed, basal joint subglobose, 2nd short 
ovate, 3rd a little longer, subcylindric, 5 following obovate-trun- 
cate, not longer than the third but stouter, 9th 10th and 11th 
large, forming an elongated club, the two former truncated, the 
last elongate-ovate conical (6). 
Labrum transverse-oval, ciliated with long hairs (1). 
Mandibles subquadrate, truncated obliquely, forming 2 strong 
teeth at the apex, with a small tuft of hairs near the base on the 
inside, externally pilose (2). 

MaxiUce formed of 2 large rounded and hairy lobes, the external 
one extending very far beyond the other. Palpi not longer than 
the labial, pilose and 4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd longer, 
3rd somewhat cup-shaped, scarcely longer than the 1st, 4th the 
longest lanceolate obtuse (3). 

Mentum transverse subtrigonate-truncate, the sides sinuated and 
pilose. Lip large, obcordiform and pilose at the margin. Palpi 
inserted near the sides, rather long pilose and triarticulate, basal 
joint rather the smallest clavate, 2nd a little larger, 3rd the 
largest, sublanceolate being truncated obliquely (4). 
Head concealed by the thorax : eyes small lateral and globose, {7 front 
view of head). Thorax large globose or arcuated, sides rounded and 
reflexed, anterior and posterior margins convex. Scutellum small 
and rounded. Elytra very long cylindric and elliptical. Wings 
ample. Legs compressed. Thighs grooved beneath to receive the 
Tibiae which are slightly dilated at the apex and furnished with mi- 
nute spurs. Tarsi nearly of equal length 5 -jointed, very pilose be- 
neath, basal joint the longest obtrigonate, the remainder short, cup- 
or heart-shaped, terminal joint obovate. Claws small but acute (5). 
LarvBe fleshy cylindric slighlly hairy, head small, but distinct, man- 
dibles similar to those of the perfect insect, 6 pectoral feet; apex of 
abdomen incurved. 



Pertinax Linn. Faun. Suec. 142. 414. Curt. Guide, Gen. 290. 3. 
Castaneous brown, densely clothed with short hair. Palpi ochre- 
ous. Antennae castaneous. Head and thorax granulated, face 
clothed with yellowish pubescence, thorax vvith a fovea on the 
crown and one at each of the anterior angles, posterior angles 
acute, hinder portion grooved transversely and clothed with 
shining ochreous pubescence; an elevated and channeled ridge 
next the scutellum, which as well as the shoulders are clothed 
with ochreous pubescence. Elytra appearing slightly granulated, 
with 1 1 deeply punctured striae on each, the sutural one abbre- 
viated : underside and legs clothed with yellowish pubescence, 
the latter more or less castaneous, 

7/1 the Cabinets of Mr. Marshall, Mr. Dale, and the Author. 



The present arrangement of the British species will be found 
more natural than that of the Guide, but the original numbers 
are retained to prevent confusion in reference. 

3. A. pertinax L. — Curt. B. E. pi. 387. — striatum F. — Pz. QQ. 4. — Fagi 

Hub. var. 

Stewart says, after Linnjeus, that when taken, this insect contracts 
itself, and remains motionless as if it were dead, nor can any torture force 
it to move. It is destroyed by the Tlianasimus formimrius, pi. 398. The 
common A. striatum is so often named 'pertinax,' in consequence of Fa- 
bricius having reversed the names, that I am happy in giving a figure of 
the true one, which is very rare in England ; and for this opportunity I 
am indebted to the liberality of T. Marshall, Esq., who took specimens the 
beginning of April, beneath the bark of a Pollard oak near Bridgenorth ; 
it has also been captured at Windsor. 
2. A. rufipes i^. — brunneum Ol.2.nAQ.pl.2. f,& ? — cylindricus Mar. var. 

June, decayed oak trees, and in houses. 

4. A. striatum Oliv. pi. 2./. 7. — pertinax F. — Pz. 66. 5. 

May, June, July, in old houses in abundance, sometimes reducing 
chairs, tables, picture-frames, books, &c. almost to powder. 

6. A. tessellatum F. — Pz. 6Q. 3. — pulsator Schel. 

June, rotten wood, especially oak, lime, and willow. December, in 
abundance upon an old post at Ditchingham in Norfolk, where I heard 
and saw the beating which was performed with the head; and it is said to 
be the male only that uses this call (see Int. to Entom. vol. ii. p. 387.) Mr. 
Dale informs me that this species is very destructive to the roof of King's 
College Chapel, Cambridge, that the specimens are very large, and I think 
I have heard that they even eat through the sheet-lead. 
1. A. castaneum F. — Ol.pl. l.f. 2. — excavatum Kugel. 

June and July, park and other paling, and hedges. 

8. A. molle Linn. — OL 2. n. \6. pi. 2./. 8. 

This is said to be destructive to dried plants. I found it on a boat- 
house in Norfolk, under some willows. 

7. A. Abietis F.—Pz. 66. 7-— Isvis Mar. 84. 9- 
Inhabits the cones of pine-trees. 

5. A. paniceum Linn. — Fab. — Pz. 66. 6. — rubellus Mar. $ . — tenuicornis 

Mar. <?. 
Most abundant I believe in June, and destroys the floors of rooms. In- 
deed this is a most extraordinary little insect ; I have seen tinfoil perfo- 
rated by the larvae. Mr. Waller Clifton informs me that they will live 
upon black wafers, which they reduce to powder. Dr. Boott gave me a 
bottle of Cayenne pepper, on which they fed and multiplied until it be- 
came a mass of larvse, pupae, and beetles ; and Mr. Mathews sent me 
some interesting observations relating to their destruction of a great por- 
tion of his herbarium. But the most serious injury they commit is by 
breeding in ship-biscuit, by which means it is frequently rendered unfit 
for use. 
290^. OcHiNA Zieg. — Crioceris Marsh. 

9. A. ptinoides Mar. 228. 23. — Hederse Mull.? — Distinguished from Ano- 

bium by the antennae, which are similar to those of Serrocerus 
(pi. 375.) 
June, at Coombe, New Forest, Glanville's Wootton, on an alder, Mr. 
Dale ; and once met with in abundance on an old ivy-tree in Suffolk, by 
Mr. Kirby. 

The Plant is Parietaria officinalis (Pellitory-of-the-Wall). 





^ 



682. 
DERMESTES LARDARIUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Dermestidae. 

Type of the Genus, Dermestes lardarius Linn. 

Dermestes Linn., Fab., Lat., Gyll., Curt. 

AntenntE inserted before the eyes on each side of the clypeus, a 
little longer than the head, capitate, pilose, 11 -jointed, basal 
joint rather stout, subpyriform, 5 following slender, subglobose, 
7th and 8th somewhat saucer-shaped, tlie latter the broadest, 
the remainder forming a broad compressed club, most produced 
on the inside, 9th joint the largest, semiorbicular, 10th nearly 
as large and similar in form, 11th smaller and somewhat orbi- 
cular-ovate (6). 

Labrum projecting from under the clypeus, with a broad short 
membrane at the base, transverse, emarginate in the centre, pu- 
bescent and hairy (1). 

Mandibles short and thick, broad and emarginate at the apex, 
forming 2 short acute teeth, pubescent and membranous inside 
(2). 

Maxilla terminated by a longish, densely pubescent lobe, with 
a smaller one inside, furnished with a strong short hook. Palpi 
short filiform and 4-jointed, basal joint short, 2nd and 3rd some- 
what obconic-truncate, with a few bristles outside, 4th longer 
elliptical and truncated (3). 

Mentum oblong, rounded and pilose before. Labium rather large 

and cordate, the margin ciliated. Palpi triarticulate, attached 

to large scapes at the base of the lip, basal joint small oval, 2nd 

stouter, obovate-truncate, the apex bristly, 3rd joint the longest, 

incurved, ovate (4). 

Head nutant, small and ovate ; clypeus narroived : eyes small globose 

and prominent. Thorax semiovate, convex, anterior margin concave, 

posterior convex or slightly bisiniiated, sides with a fine margin : 

antepectus not advancing to the mouth : scutel rather moderate, tri- 

gonate. Elytra elliptical, convex, thrice as long as the thorax. Wings 

ample. Legs moderate, anterior the shortest : thighs thickish : tibiae 

compressed, with short rigid bristles outside, apex truncated, with a 

short curved tooth at the interior angle of the anterior, the others 

with small spurs: tarsi slender, 5-jointed, very pubescent beneath, 

the 4 basal joints short in all the feet, 5th longer and clavate : claws 

strong, curved and forming a tooth at the base (5, afore leg). 

Laedarius Linn. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 291. 3. 

Brownish-black, clothed with short depressed pubescence, thickly 
and minutely punctured : antennse castaneous, club ferruginous, 
hairs on the face ochreous : thorax with ochreous spots formed 
of hairs, basal half of elytra castaneous, densely clothed with 
ochreous pubescence, leaving the base and a transverse line of 
spots naked and castaneous : legs piceous. 

In the Author s and other Cabinets. 



In more southern latitudes the larvae of these insects commit 
great ravages amongst the dried skins of animals, anatomical 



preparations, and even the insects preserved in cabinets, but 
in this country they are seldom found in liouses. Moses 
Harris relates a remarkable fact of some of these insects having 
been found by him alive in the body of a living specimen of 
Sme7-inthus ocellaUis. 

Dermestes is separated from Megatoma (pi. 24'4.) by the 
form of the antennae and trophi, as well as by the antepectus, 
which is not produced over the mouth, and the differences are 
still greater in Attagenus (pi. S^?.). The Dermestes when 
disturbed contract their antennae and legs and lie as if dead, 
frequently on their backs. The following species inhabit 
Britain. 

1. tessellatus Fab. — murinus Oliv. 2. no. 9. tab. \.f. 3''. 
Black mottled with cinereous, head and thorax variegated 
with ferruginous hairs; beneath white with black dots; 
antennae subferruginous. 

Middle of July, Dover, and on dried sea-weeds on the sea 
shore, also in August at Shoreham. 

2. murinus lAnn. — Don. v. 15. -pi. 515. — Sain. pi. \. f. 4. — 
Catta Panz. 40. 11. — nebulosus DeG. 

Black, mottled above with cinereous, scutel fulvescent, un- 
derside white. 

June, in dead moles hung upon bushes by the mole-catchers; 
also in dead rats on rabbit warrens, near Thetford, in abun- 
dance : I have also beaten them out of bushes in woods and 
plantations. 

3. lard arias Linn. — Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 682. 

Lives upon dead animal substances in kitchens, larders, 
museums, &c., and is found in April, May, and June. 

4. vulpinus Fab. — murinus Pa7iz. 40. 10. 

Black, cinereous with pubescence ; white beneath ; sides of 

thorax densely cinereous with short hairs. 

Supposed to be imported with skins and provisions, on which 
the larvae feed. I once found a considerable number dead in 
a dry bone. 

5. laniarius III.— Gi/ll. —ater Oliv. 2. 7io. 9. pi. 2.f. 12.? 

" Shorter and convex, smooth and black ; beneath silky 
white; antennae small, rufo-piceous." Gyll. 2. 149. 5. 

Gyllenhall states decayed wood to be the habitat of this 
species. 

6. plantaris Curt. — nigripes Patiz. 97. 5. 

Piceous, thickly and minutely punctured, middle of antennae 
and tarsi ochreous: length If line. 

I found a specimen in Mr. C. Griesbach's cabinet, with 
others of Megatoma scrra, which it very much resembles. As 
I have great doubts of its being Fabricius's Z). nigripes 1 have 
dropped his name, which was employed in the Guide. 

The Plant is Inula (Pulicaria Cass.) dysenterica. Common 
Fleabane. 




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244. 
MEGATOMA SERRA. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Dermestidae Leach, Laf. 

Type of the Genus Dermestes undatus Linn. 

Megatoma Herb., Lat., Leach. — Attagenus Lat. — Dermestes Linn., 
Fab., Oliv., Gijll. 

AntenncB inserted before the eyes at the base of the mandibles, 
clavate and pilose ; 1 1 -jointed, 1st and 2nd joints robust, oval, 
2nd smaller, 5 following slender, subovate, 8th and 9th cup- 
shaped, the latter larger, the remainder forming a perfoliated, 
pubescent club larger in the male than female, the penultimate 
joint being the shortest, and the terminal one elongate-ovate in 
the male ; subconic in the female (6). 

Labrum transverse-oval, coriaceous, the margin transparent and 
clothed with rather long bristles (1). 

Mandibles short, subtrigonate, obtuse, emarginate at the apex, 
externally pilose (2). 

Maxilla slender, simple and pubescent, especially at the apex. 
Palpi robust producing a few bristles, 4-jointed, basal joint mi- 
nute, 2nd and 3rd short but broader, 4th large, ovate-truncate 
(3). 

Mentum transverse, narrowed at the base and attenuated to the 
anterior margin, which is indented and produces a few strong 
bristles. Labium large subquadrate, ciliated at the apex ; the 
Palpi inserted near the base, remote, short, robust, slightly pi- 
lose, triarticulate, basal joint minute, 2nd larger somewhat ob- 
ovate, 3rd as large as the other two, subconic-truncate (4). 
Males smaller than the females. Head small nutant, the nasus rather 
produced. Eyes globose remote, with an Ocellus between them. 
Thorax transverse broadest at the base which is slightly produced in 
the middle, the angles acute, anterior margin rounded. Antepectus 
or Sternum produced over the mouth like a neckcloth. Scutellum 
minute. Elytra oval broader than the thorax. Wings ample. Legs 
rather short and slender. Tibiae nearly linear and simple. Tarsi 
5 -jointed, \st joint oblong, 3 following very short and oblique, 5 th 
long. Claws simple (5, afore leg). 



Sekra Fab. Ent. Syst. 1. pars \.p. 234. n. AQ.— Gyll. 1. p. 153. 10. 
Black inclining to castaneous, especially the sides of the thorax, 
shining, rather thickly punctured and clothed with short pube- 
scence. Antennae and legs ferruginous ochre, the former with 
the club serrated (especially in the males), the 9th joint obtri- 
gonate, longer than the 1 0th which is transverse and produced 
on the internal side, the 1 1 th subconic. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



Megatoma may be distinguished from Attagenus, to which 
it is closely related, by the peculiar form of the underside of 
the thorax (called the antepectus or prosternuni), which gene- 
rally covers the mouth : the antennae are lodged in two cavi- 
ties beneath the sides of the thorax ; and there are many other 
characters which will be pointed out when the genus Attage- 
nus is illustrated. 

Megatoma contains only two species, and their antennae 
vary so considerably in the males, that they may form two di- 
visions. 

I. With the club simply perfoliate. 

1. M. undata Lirm. — undulatus Linn. Faim. Suec. p. 141. 

71. 410.— Pawz. 75. 13. 

Some specimens are larger and others smaller than M. Serra. 
Black, shining, minutely punctured : posterior angles of the 
thorax and a spot before the scutellum clothed with white 
scales ; an interrupted and undulated fascia upon the elytra 
before, and another beyond the middle, formed of white scales 
also. Tarsi piceous. 

I have found this insect in June upon foaling in the Regent's 
Park. Mr. Robinson informs me that they eat holes in, and 
apparently live upon, the chrysalides of Noctuae, that change 
beneath the bark of trees. Mr. Samouelle observes that they 
inhabit Birch-trees (beneath the bark) in the months of March 
and April : the larva spins a silken web in which it changes 
to a pupa. It is also found on elm-trees, on flowers, and in 
houses. 

2. M. Serra Fah., Curtis Brit. Ent. pi. 244. male. 

In the Entomological Transactions are the following ob- 
servations by the late Rev. J. Burrell : — " The larva of Serra 
is a curious ferrutjineous one, living under the bark ofElms and 
Oaks, where it may be found almost all the year, particularly 
in the early spring months." In the winter it feeds upon 
Onisci or Wood-lice. 

The perfect insect is found in June under the bark of Oaks, 
Elms, and Sallows ; also in Boleti. I have taken it off the 
trunks of trees in Kensington Gardens, and upon old palings 
near Battersea Bridge. The female may easily be mistaken 
for the same sex of A. Pellio, from which the two white spots 
had been rubbed oif. 

For the rare plant figured, Ophrys aranifera ( Spider Ophrys), 
I am indebted to Sir John Tylden of Milsted, Kent. 



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247. 
ATTAGENUS TRIFASCIATUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Dermestidse Lat.y Leach. 
Type of the Genus Dermestes Pellio Linn. 
Attagenus Lat., Leach, Sam. — Megatoma Herb. — Dermestes Linn., 
Fab., Lat., Marsh. 

.Antenna inserted before the eyes, on each side the nasus, longer 
than the head in the males 3 pilose, 11 -jointed, 1st and 2nd 
joints robust, the former oval, the latter globose, the 3 following 
slender, subquadrate, 6th, 7th and 8th, cup-shaped, the re- 
mainder forming a very long robust and velvety club, the 9th 
and 10th joints cup-shaped, the terminal one elongate-ovate in 
the male (G), subovate in the female (6a). 

Labrum transverse, oval and pilose ; pubescent at the anterior 
margin which is very thin (1). 

Mandibles small, subquadrate, externally pilose, the apex of one 
crenated, forming 4 little teeth ; of the other simple ; internal 
margin membranous below the middle (2). 
Maxillae terminating in a very long and cleft lobe, thickly ciliated 
with long curved hairs. Palpi longer than the maxillae, pilose, 
4-jointedj basal joint small, 2nd large obovate truncate, 3rd 
much shorter, obovate, 4th the longest, elongate-ovate, atte- 
nuated to the apex (3). 

Mentnm large, subquadrate, anterior margin rounded. Labium 
transverse, emarginate pubescent. Palpi remote, triarticulate, 
basal joint small, 2nd obtrigonate, 3rd much larger elongate- 
ovate (4). 
Males smaller than the females. Head small nutant, with an Ocellus 
on the crown. Eyes small globose and lateral. Nasus narrowed, 
subquadrate. Thorax v;ith the posterior margin sinuated, the lobe 
in the centre and the angles acute. Antepectus not produced over 
the mouth. Scutellum minute. Elytra oval, scarcely broader than 
the thorax. Wings ample. Legs short. Thighs and Tibiae com- 
pressed, pubescent, the latter producing spiny bristles on the external 
side; spurs very short. Tarsi 5 -jointed, basal joint small and ob- 
scure, the 3 following subquadrate, in the anterior pair (5) ; basal 
joint as long as the 3rd and 4th united in the others (of), terminal 
joint long. Claws long slender and bent. 



Trifasciatus Oliv. — Fab. Ent. Syst. 1. pars 1. p. 228. n. 7. 

Pale black, shining, minutely punctured, and covered with de- 
cumbent hairs. Antennae black. Thorax with the posterior 
margin covered with yellowish shining hair, forming a black 
square spot on the lobe. Elytra with 3 transverse sinuated fer- 
ruginous bands, covered with ochreous pubescence, the 2 pos- 
terior interrupted by the suture ; a small spot on each side at 
the base and one at the apex ochreous also. Underside clothed 
with yellow pubescence. Tibiae inclining to castaneous. Tarsi 
and Claws entirely of that colour 3 the basal joint of the former 
very small. 

In the Cabinet of the British Museum. 



The Attageni were considered by Latreille to be so different 
from the Megatomae, that in his Genera Crustaceorum they 
were placed in separate families, the former being included in 
a division of the Dermestes, the latter amongst the Byrrhii. 
As we must proceed cautiously with regard to affinities, I 
shall at present only remark, that A. t7-ifasciatus bears a great 
resemblance to the Anthreni. In addition to the differences 
pointed out when the genus Megatoma was lately illustrated, 
it may be observed that the remarkably long terminal joint of 
the antennee in the males of this genus is a peculiar character, 
and that even in the females it is longer than the ante-penul- 
timate. The upper lip, which is rounder, also conceals the 
mandibles, which are very differently formed. The maxillae 
are very much elongated, and the inequality in the 2nd and 
3rd joints of their palpi, as well as the great length of the ter- 
minal one, are valuable marks of distinction ; but the most 
interesting difference, although previously unnoticed, is the 
minuteness of the basal joint of the tarsi, which in some is 
nearly obsolete. 

There are only two British species of Attageni; and in 
such small genera as the present, whenever it is in my power 
I shall describe the species, which will render references to 
other works not absolutely necessary. 

1. A. Pellio Linn. Faun. Suec. n. 411. — Don. Brit. Ins. 7. 

pi. '231./. 3.— bipunctatus DeG. 

Piceous black, shining, minutely punctured and covered 
with decumbent pubescence. Thorax with a spot at each pos- 
terior angle, one upon the lobe, and two upon the back of 
the elytra, villose white. Antennae (excepting the club) and 
the legs dull castaneous. 

This is a common insect in old houses, attacking the dried 
skins of animals, old books, paper, and wood. It is the larva 
probably of this species which will destroy collections of in- 
sects, if neglected for many years. 

2. A. trifasciatus Oliv. — Curtis Brit. Ent. pi. 247. 

There are specimens of this pretty insect in the British 
Museum, but Mr. Samouelle is unable to give me any infor- 
mation relating to them, beyond their being placed there by 
Dr. Leach. 

The plant represented is Stachys palustris (Marsh Wound- 
wort), together with a small tuber, as I understand no correct 
figure of it has hitherto been given ; and it is rendered inter- 
esting from Joseph Houlton, Esq. having proved that the root 
by cultivation becomes edible, for which discovery the Society 
of Arts presented him with their Silver Medal. 



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450. 
ASPIDIPHORUS ORBICULATUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Dermestidae ? 

Type of the Genus, Nitidula orbiculata Gyl. 

AspiDiPHORUS Zieg., Meg., Sturm., Lat. — Arpidiphorus Gyl., Dej., 
Curt. — Nitidula Gyl. 

AntenncE inserted before the eyes, as long as the head and thorax, 
clavate, 10-jointed, basal joint large, cui-ved and subclavate, 2nd 
stout subovate, narrowed at the base, as long as the 3rd which 
is slender, 4th shorter, 3 following small and cup-shaped, the 
remainder forming a stout pubescent elongated club, conical at 
the apex (6). 

Labrum subquadrate, the angles rounded, the anterior margin 
slightly concave and sjiaringly ciliated (1). 
Mandibles trigonate, rounded externally, the internal margin 
sinuated, slightly pubescent towards the apex (2). 
MaxillcB composed of two rounded pubescent lobes, the internal 
one the shortest. Palpi short 4-jointed, basal joint minute, 2nd 
the largest subglobose, 3rd subquadrate, 4th as long as the 2nd 
but slender (3). 

Mentum hemispherical. Palpi triarticulate, basal joint very mi- 
nute, 2nd stout subovate, 3rd small ovate, terminated by a vesicle 
and a few hairs ; they are inserted at the base of the Lip which 
is transverse and fringed with a few hairs (4). 
lead rather large and transverse : eyes lateral small and prominent. 
Thorax transverse, broadest at the base, the posterior margin lobed 
at the centre. Scutellum distinct and semiorbicular . Elytra very 
convex, suborbicular, quadrate, nearly twice as broad as the thorax. 
Wings ample. Abdomen extending beyond the elytra. Legs rather 
short. Tibiae simple compressed and dilated except at the base. 
Tarsi 5-jointed, the joints very short excepting the 5th which is as 
long as the others united and clavate. Claws acute (5, a fore leg ; 
t hinder leg). 



)rbiculattjs Gyll. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 296. 1. Viennensis iliipy. 
Subovate, piceous brown, head and thorax blackish, thickly and 
minutely punctured : elytra slightly pubescent with nine punc- 
tured striae on each. Antennae, mouth and legs pale ferruginous, 
the club of the former black. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



This curious little insect has never hitherto been figured. I 
have included it with the Dermestidae because the trophi and 
antennae seem to agree best with that family. There can be 
little doubt that it is nearly allied to Trinodes, although it has 
a good deal the habit of a Hister, yet I should say it is not so 
nearly related to Byrrhus as to justify its being placed in the 
same family ; until however Dorcatoma, Trinodes and Lim- 
nichus are well investigated, it will be difficult to assign to 
Aspidiphorus its natural situation. 

Sturm placed it between Trinodes and Byrrhus, and in the 
Guide I adopted the affinities of Dejean and arranged it be- 
tween Trinodes and Nosodendron (pi. 246). 

Aspidiphorus orhiculatus was first discovered in England, I 
believe, by Mr. Spence near Hull in Yorkshire : it has since 
been captured the beginning of July in a larch plantation at 
Marton near Stockton on Tees by the Rev. G. T. Rudd ; and 
near Sherburn in the same county, on a felled tree in a fir 
plantation in company with Scaphidium 4>-maculatum (pi. 379), 
by A. Mathews, Esq., who informed me that they appeared to 
be covered with mud. 

For my specimens I am indebted to F. Walker, Esq., who 
took them near Southgate. Mi*. E. Doubleday also found a 
pair in moss the middle of November on the borders of Ep- 
ping Forest. 

The Plant is Ci/noglossimi officinale (Common Hound's- 
tongue). 




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246. 
NOSODENDRON FASCICULARE. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Byi'rliidae Lat., Leach. 
Type of the Genus Byrrhus fascicularis Oliv. 

NosoDENDRON Lat., Leuck. — Byrrhus Oliv., Panz. — Sphaeridium 
Fab., Panz. 

Antennce inserted before the eyes under the margin of the head, 
longer than the head, clavate, ll-jointed, 1st and 2nd joints 
short robust, subovate, the latter being the smallest, the 3rd 
long, slender subclavate, 4 following short nearly of equal size, 
somewhat obovate truncate, 8th broader, ctip-shaped, the re- 
mainder forming an abrupt perfoliated compressed and pube- 
scent club, the 9th and 10th joints transverse boat-shaped^ the 
terminal one subtrigonate (6). 

Labrum small transverse ovate, anterior margin ciliated (1). 
Mandibles trigonate, very broad at the base, the apex forming a 
broad bent flat lobe, beneath which the internal margin is 
slightly produced and ciliated (2). 

Maxillce terminated by a long coriaceous lobe, membranous and 
pubescent at the apex, a shorter transparent lobe on the inside, 
densely ciliated, with a short claw at the apex. Palpi not so 
long as the lobe of the maxilla 4 ?-jointed, basal joint invisible, 
2nd and 3rd short robust, 4th more slender elongate-oval (3). 
Mentum large, covering the mouth and concealing the lip, co- 
nical, sides notched towards the top, anterior margin rounded, 
the sides pilose. Lip large, membranous, pubescent, cleft in 
the centre. Palpi inserted at the base, short robust, triarti- 
culate, 1st and 2nd joints small, 3rd oval (4). 
Head subtrigonate, sunk to the Eyes which are rather small; nasus 
rounded. Thorax convex, transverse, short, anterior margin broader 
than the head and concave, posterior rounded, nenrlij as broad as the 
Elytra which are convex and suborbicular. Scutellum triangular 
elongated. Wings much longer than the body. Legs short, com- 
pressed, semicontractile. Tibiae subobtrigonate-elongate, slightly 
serrated externally, anterior pubescent on the inside, slightly emar- 
ginate towards the apex on the outer edge (5). Tarsi short, 5 -joint- 
ed, A first joints subquadrate, 5th much longer subclavate. Claws 
simple and hooked. 



Fasciculare Oliv. Entnm. v. 2. n. 13. pi. \.f. 7. a. b. 

Black, shining. Head and thorax rather minutely, but not very 
thickly punctured. Elytra deeply and closely punctured, each 
having 5 rows of ochre-coloured fasculi, 7 or 8 in each row, some- 
times obliterated towards the base. Antennse castaneous, the 
club fuscous-ochre. Legs dark-castaneous. 

In the Cabinet of the British Museum. 



NosoDENDUON IS considered to belong to the family Byr- 
rhidse ; the passage probably to the typical genus will be 
by Byrrhus setiger of Illiger and B. arenarius of Sturm. I 
have only had an opportunity of examining the former insect, 
and then only superficially ; but the antennae appear to be so 
much more like those of our genus than of Byrrhus, that it 
will, I fear, be necessary to separate them, unless they be No- 
sodendra. 

The genus has never been recorded as British. N.Jasci- 
culare was first observed near Paris many years since on the 
25th of March in the ulcerated parts of Elm-trees, and was 
described and figured by Olivier, and afterwards by Panzer. 
Dr. Leach subsequently captured it in the month of May in 
Devon ; and Mr. Hope informs me that he found a species at 
Southend, Essex, in abundance under the bark of Elm-trees, 
which were placed in the sand to arrest the incursions of the 
tide. 

In the British Museum also, is a beautiful specimen of the 
Byrrhus setiger of Illiger and Gyllenhal, figured by Sturm in 
the 35th plate of his Deutschlands Fauna. It was taken by 
Dr. Leach in Speechwick Park, near Ashburton, Devonshire, 
some time in the month of May. 

For specimens of the plant Valeriana Calcitrapa (Portu- 
guese Valerian) I am indebted to Mr. R. Chambers, F.L.S. 
who gathered them the middle of last June, on an old wall at 
Eltham, Kent: it has never, I believe, been figured in any 
British Flora. 




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347. 
OOMORPHUS CONCOLOR. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Byrrhidae Lat., Lea. 

Type of the Genus, Byrrhus concolor Sturm. 

OoMORPHUS Curtis. — Simplocaria Curt., Steph. — Phalacrus Steph. 
AntewKc inserted before the eyes, remote, not longer than the 
thorax, subclavate, pilose, 11 -jointed, basal joint the largest, 
subovate, narrowed at the base, 2nd ferruginous, subconic notched 
internally at the base, 4 following slender and oblong, the re- 
mainder forming an elongated club, the 7th joint obtrigonate, 
8th scarcely larger than the 6th 3 9th and 10th obtrigonate, 11th 
ovate (6). 

Labrum subquadrate, the angles rounded, producing a few bris- 
tles and 2 small tubercles beneath in front (1). 
Mandibles subtrigonate, bifid at the apex, but not notched or 
membranous on the inside (2). 

Maxilla: bilobed, internal lobe broad and rigid, thin on the in- 
side, external lobe extending beyond the other, with a thin margin 
on the inside and a few bristles at the apex. Palpi short, ro- 
bust, pilose and 4-jointed, basal joint minute, 2nd broad, cup- 
shaped, 3rd transverse, 4th ovate with a vesicle at the apex (3). 
Mentmn, anterior portion subquadrate : Lip suborbicular and 
transparent. Palpi robust, triarticulate, attached to large con- 
tiguous scapes, basal joint minute, 2nd large somewhat obtri- 
gonate, 3rd conical with a vesicle at the apex (4). 
Head received into the thorax, short and obtuse: eyes rather reniform, 
coarsely granulated. Thorax convex, subtrigonate, truncated before, 
rounded behind, the angles rather acuminated. Scutellum extremely 
minute. Elytra convex and ovate, the sides a little narrowed beyond 
the middle. Wings imperfect. Legs alike short and robust. Tibiae 
compressed, dilated, and partially clothed with long hairs : tarsi broad 
very pubescent beneath, 5-jointed, ]st and 2nd joints obtrigonate, 3rd 
bilobed, 4th minute, 5th elongate oval: claws minute (5 afore leg). 



Concolor Sturm's Deut.Faun.2. 109. tab. 35 A. — Curtis's Guide, 
Gen. 298. 1. — maritimus Steph. 

Black, slightly aeneous, smooth and very glossy, sparingly but 
rather coarsely punctured, excepting the head which has a long 
fovea in front. Antennae with the 2nd joint ochreous. Elytra 
with 8 rows of punctures on each, the sutural one not extend- 
ing half way, and gradually approaching the suture, as well as 
the 2nd, Tibiae slightly clothed with subochreous pubescence. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



I LATELY observed that the Byrrhus concolor was so essentially 
different to the Simplocaria^, that it would be impossible to 



include them in the same genus; and, as it is remarkable in 
its structure, and apparently will lead to a new combination 
of certain groups, I shall lay before my readers the views that 
naturalists have hitherto taken of the Byrrhidae. 

Linnaeus first described ^pilula' as a Dermestes, and after- 
wards placed it in the genus Byrrhus with the Anthreni ; Fa- 
bricius and Sturm (with some additions) arranged it between 
Anisotoma (Agathidium, ///.) followed by Chelonarium (a 
genus inhabiting St. Domingo and Java) and Anthrenus: 
Latreille, in his Genera Crustaceorum, formed a family ' Byr- 
rhii' containing Megatoma, Throscus, Anthrenus, Byrrhus, 
Nosodendron, Chelonarium, Hister, Elmis, and Heterocerus. 
In his Families Naturelles the Byrrhii follow the Dermestini, 
in which are included the Megatomae; Throscus is placed 
with the Elaterides ; Limnichus and Aspidiphorus are added, 
and Elmis and Heterocerus follow in the next family, Hister 
being entirely removed. 

From this sketch it is evident that the most learned ento- 
mologists have been undecided respecting some of the affinities 
of this group. The singular contraction of their legs led to 
their being associated with Dermestes and Hister, but what- 
ever relation they may have to the former, I cannot think it 
possible that they can be allied to the latter genus. The 8th 
joint of the antennae being smaller than the 7th in our genus, 
shows an approach to Leiodes and Agathidium (as indicated 
by Fabricius and Sturm), and I have reason to think there 
exists at least an analogy between the Byrrhidae and Eumolps. 

Although Ooinorphus concolor has been twice figured and 
thrice described, a most admirable specific character (the 
orange colour of the eccentric 2nd joint of the antennae) has 
never been detected. I took a single specimen many years 
since in Norfolk ; it has been taken " in June at the base of the 
cliffs between Dover and St. Margaret's Bay", and I found a 
specimen near Southampton the end of last spring. Mr. F. 
Walker finds it at Southgate in moss during the winter. 

The plant is Cheiranthus {Matthiola, Brown) sinuatus (Sea 
Stock), drawn from a specimen found on the sand-hills near 
St. Hilier in Jersey; it grows also at Barmouth and other 
parts of Wales. 



33^ 





c^Ut ^ o/^uA^SJ^^. /■ ^6'30 



^i' 



1' /o^ 

335. 
SIMPLOCARIA SEMISTRIATA. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Byrrhidae Lat., Leach. 

Type of the Genus, Byrrhus semistriatus III. 

SiMPLOCARiA Marsh MSS., Curt., Steph. — Cistela Marsh. — Byrrhus 
III., Panz. &c. 

AntenncE inserted before the eyes, near the base of the man- 
dibles ; clavate, pilose and pubescent towards the apex 3 11- 
jointed, basal joint large obovate, 2nd small ovate, 3rd long 
slender, three following short subovate, 7th rather incrassated, 
the remainder forming a perfoliate club, the joints bowl-shaped, 
excepting the last which is the largest and ovate (6). 
Labrum transverse-oval,, the sides angulated, emarginate before 
and pilose (1). 

Mandibles, one trifid, the other bifid at the apex, with a very deep 
notch on the inside, filled with a large membrane (2). 
Maxillce small, terminated by an oblique lobe, pubescent at the 
apex. Palpi rather long and pilose, 4-jointed, basal joint mi- 
nute, 2nd rather longer than the 3rd which is trapezate, 4th 
long, elongate-conic, terminated by a vesicle (3). 
Mention transverse, triangular, truncate, coriaceous at the base. 
Lip rather large and suborbicular, ciliated. Palpi attached to 
two large scapes, contiguous, pilose, triarticulate, basal joint 
small, 2nd subtrigonate, 3rd large pear-shaped with a vesicle at 
the apex (4). 
Head almost concealed in the thorax. Eyes small and lateral. Thorax 
convex, transverse, broadest at the base. Scutellum minute. Elytra 
convex, ovate, truncated at the base. Wings ample. Legs uniform, 
compressed: Thighs 6roarf ; iihias S2ibf us form but flat : tarsi rather 
long, 5-jointed, basal joint the longest {except in the anterior pair, 
in which the 5th is the longest), 4th minute i claws curved (5, a 
fore leg). 

Semistriata ///. — Curtis's Guide, Gen.298.3. — picipes Mars /j. 105. 
9. — picea Marsh. 106. 1 1. var. /3. 

Shining piceous, with a slight eneous tinge, pubescent and mi- 
nutely but not very thickly punctured. Mouth legs and antennae 
ferruginous. Elytra of the same colour or ochreous towards the 
apex ; 6 striae on each, becoming very faint, or vanishing, before 
reaching the apex. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



Having carefully examined the Byrrhus concolor of Sturm, I 
find that it is impossible to include it in the genus Simploca- 
ria, for it is considerably allied to Leiodes ; and if it be so 



nearly related to Phalacrus as some Entomologists imagine *, 
I shall propose arranging the Byrrhidae between Diaperis and 
Leiodes, leaving the Anthreni with the Dermestidae, to which 
family I think they must belong, judging from the characters 
of the larvae and the close affinity of the perfect insects to At- 
tageniis trifasciatus. 

Our genus now contains only two species that are recorded 
as inhabitants of Britain. 

1. S. picipes, Oliv. v. 2. No. 13. p. 9. n. 9. tab. 2. f. 9. — 
Gyll. 1. 200. 8. 
Almost half as long again as S. semistriata^ but not broader. 
Oblong, black, somewhat eneous, shining, feet rufous, elytra 
with the striae deep and continued throughout. 

Having no specimen of this insect, I have taken the above 
characters from Gyllenhal. Mr. Dillwyn in his ' Memoranda, 
&c.' says, " Simplocaria picipes ? On Crwmlyn Burrows, not 
uncommon." 
2. S. semistriata, ///. — Curtis Brit. Ent. pi. 335. 

This insect is very abundant in England under stones in 
arid and sandy places. I have found it on Mousehold Heath 
near Norwich, in gravel-pits ; on the shore of Southampton- 
water; and in profusion, the middle of May, at the sides of 
stones on the sands near the Ferry in the Isle of Portland. It 
also occurs in Kensington Gardens ; and Mr. Dillwyn says, 
" Common in putrid fungi in woods, and is often rather plen- 
tiful about the beginning of summer on Crwmlyn Burrows." 
I was not aware that these insects were fungivorous, which 
would bring them near to Leiodes in economy ; but I hope 
that the larvae will not go long undetected, as a knowledge of 
them might enable the Entomologist to give a natural and 
permanent location to the Byrrhidae. 

The plant is Chrysanthemum segetum (Corn Marigold). 

* Mr. Stephens has placed it as the type of the genus Phalacrus under 
the specific name of 'maritimus' ! 



12)5 




f^ 



135. 
BYRRHUS DENNII. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Bynhidae Lat..^ Leach. 
Type of the Genus Bj^rrhus Pilula Linn. 
BvKRHUS Linn., Fab., Oliv., Panz., Sturm. — Cistela Geoff'., Marsh. — 
Dermestes DeGeer. 

Antenna straight, not so long as the thorax, inserted before the 
eyes, near the base of the mandibles, compressed, perfoliate- 
clavate, 1 1 -jointed, basal joint large, 2nd small globose, 3rd long 
slender, 4th shorter, 5th turbinate, 6th globose, 4 following 
transverse-ovate, last large ovate (fig. G). 

Labrum transverse-ovate, pilose, slightly produced in front (1). 
Mandibles small, trigonate, one bifid, the other subtrifid at the 
apex, with a large tooth on the interior side, beneath which is a 
deep notch and membranous appendage (2). 
Maxilla coriaceous above, thickly ciliated, internal lobe narrow, 
nearly as long as the external one. Palpi a little longer than 
the maxillae, 4-jointed, basal joint minute, 2nd and 3rd of nearly 
equal size, 4th larger (3). 

Mentum transverse, horny, slightly emarginate and ciliated. Lip 
membranous dilated at the base, anterior part thick, fleshy, cor- 
date, ciliated. Palpi arising from the upper surface of the lip 
near the centre of each lobe, small, 3 -jointed, basal joint minute, 
2nd clavate, 3rd subovate (4). 
Head small, sunk in the thorax. Eyes small lateral. Thorax narrowed 
before, posterior angles acute. Scutellum small. Elytra very convex 
completely covering the abdomen. Wings 2 formed for Jiight. Legs 
received into cavities in the abdomen. Tibiae compressed, spurred, 
slightly serrated on the external edge, having a groove to receive the 
Tarsi which are 5 -jointed, basal and terminal joints the longest, in- 
termediate very short (5, afore leg). 



Dennii Kirby's MSS. 

Black clothed with subaureous pubescence. Thorax with 2 large 
round spots before and 2 angulated ones near the middle black. 
Elytra with a black sinuated fascia across the middle not extend- 
ing to the exterior margin, each having 4 black longitudinal 
stripes ; margin blackish. Antennae and legs castaneous, in- 
clining to black. Beneath dull black. 

In the Cabinet of Mr. Kirby. 



From the tlissimilarity of form at first sight of Byrrhus and 
Mister we are induced to inquire Latreille's reasons for placing 
them in the same family, when we shall find that in the struc- 
ture of the legs as well as in the mode of contracting them, in 
the situation of the labial palpi and in the number of their 
joints, there is considerable evidence of relationship : in con- 
firmation we will refer to a comparison of the legs of Byrrhus 
and o'i Dendrnphilus (PI. 131), of the labium &c. (fig. 4) of our 
Plate, and the same part of Ulster in the Horce Ejitomologica 
(fig. 1 F) ; and in Anthrenus, a genus of the same family, we 
have an approach to the antennae of Hister. Dr. Leach very 
judiciously formed the Histeri into a family, and placed it next 
the Byrrhidce. Mr. MacLeay in his ingenious and learned 
work has considered the Histeridce allied to the Lucayiida, 
which will bring them nearer to the ScaribaidcE than we have 
been accustomed to see them ; and the question now is, whether 
the Byrrhidce are to accompany them. 

The following is a list of our British species and their sy- 
nonyms. 

1 B. Dennii Kirby. Nob. 

2 pilula Linn., Panz. 4. 3. Sturm, tab. 33. — ater Panz. 

32. 2. 

3 fasciatus Fab., Oliv. tab. \.f. 2. — ornatus Panz. ? 24. 1. 

ferruginea Marsh. — undulata Marsh. 

4 oblongus Sturm, tab 34, A, a. 

5 ater Marsh. Ent. Brit. 

6 murinus Fab., Panz. 25. 1. — undulatus Panz. 37. 14. 

7 dorsalis Fab., Panz. 104, — , fasciatus Panz. 32. 1. — 

morio Panz. 37. 15. — bicolor Marsh. 

8 varius Fab., Panz. 32. 3. — sericea Marsh. 

9 fuscus Marsh. Etit. Brit. 

The beautiful species figured was found in a chalk pit in 
Barham, Suffolk, in the spring of 1821 by Mr. H. Denny, 
whose monographs upon the British Pselaphidce and Scydmce- 
nidcE, with coloured figures, entitle him to the honour which 
his patron has conferred upon him by calling this insect by 
his name. 

The Byrrhi are found in sandy situations, gravel pits, at 
the base of walls, and the roots of trees, amongst short grass 
in pathways, &c. from March to July. 

The plant is Cynosurus cristatus (Crested Dog's-tail Grass.) 



/65 




Q%/rly c/.S^^-dn^ !%y f:f&^7 



^7 



163. 
THROSCUS OBTUSUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Elateridae hat. Byrrliidae Lat.y 

Leach. 

Type of the Genus Elater dermestoides Linn. 

Throscus Lat., Leach. — Trixagus Gyll. — Dermestes Fab., Payk., 
III. — Elater Linn., Geoff., Oliv. 

Jntennac inserted before the eyes, as long as the thorax, pilose, 
concealed when at rest in grooves beneath the thorax, ] 1 -jointed, 
basal joint robust ovate, 2nd subquadrate, the G following smaller, 
subglobose, the remainder forming a perfoliate club, the 1st joint 
obovaie truncate, 2nd transverse, 3rd trigonate (fig. 6). 
Labrum triangular, convex, ciliated and pilose (1). 
Mandibles alike, broad at the base, bent, acute, internal edge 
thin, external hairy (2). 

Maxilla; small, bilobed, membranous and pubescent at their ex- 
tremities, internal lobe minute, external large ovate. Palpi 
4-jointed, pubescent, basal joint minute, 2nd large clavate, 
3rd globose, 4th large, subovate compressed (3). 
Mentum transverse, produced into a lobe in the centre. Lip mem- 
branous thickened down the cejitre, somewhat cordate, ciliated. 
Palpi membranous, 3-jointed, inserted on each side the lobe of 
the mentum, 3-jointed, basal and 2nd joints minute, 3rd very 
large obovate, pubescent, compressed (4). 
Head bent down so as nearly to conceal the mouth. Thorax produced 
beneath between the coccce, semicircular, broadest at the base, acumi- 
nated at the posterior angles. Scutellum triangular. Wings longer 
than the elytra and twice as broad. Legs submembranous, received 
into grooves in the abdomen when at rest. Thighs broadjlat. Tibiae 
linear armed with several rigid bristles at their apex, having a groove 
on the external side to receive the Tarsi ivhich are 5-jointed, basal 
joint the longest, elongate ovate in the 4 posterior (5 f), penultimate 
joint bilobed, terminal slender. Claws small (5, afore leg). 



Obtusus Westwood's MSS. 

Dull castaneous, shining, covered with short, decumbent yellow- 
ish hairs. Head rounded, coarsely punctured. Eyes black. Thorax 
coarsely punctured, convex, sinuated at the base, the centre being 
produced and elevated close to the scutellum, posterior angles 
very acuminate. Elytra striated, minutely punctured. Antennas 
and legs ferruginous. Tarsi ochraceous. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Cooper and Mr. Westwood. 



MoNS. Latreille in \\\sHistoireNaUircIIe])\Q.ced Tkroscusnext 
to Elater, and after removing it to the ByrrJddce in his Genera 
Crustaceorum and Considerations gaierales, he has again taken 
up his first opinion in the Families Natwelles, the last of his 



valuable works. Excepting the power it possesses of conceal- 
ing its antennae and legs in grooves, there does not appear to 
be any good reason for placing Throscus with the Byrrhida^ 
for neither the trophi nor antenna? agree with those of the 
genera contained in that family. Linnaeus had placed our in- 
sect from analogy with the Elaters, and Latreille for the very 
best reasons, viz. the affinity of the trophi, has finally adopted 
the same arrangement : we shall therefore offer no apology for 
departing from the more generally received opinion in this 
country, but merely observe that the FAaters are provided 
with the same means of protecting their antennae ; and we 
consider the form of this organ a generic and not a family 
character, since they are sometimes even flabellate, at others 
pectinated or serrated in the males and simple in the females. 
It is probable that Throscus lives in wood in the larva state. 
No species has been described until now, excepting 

1. T. dermestoides Linn. Syst. Nat. 2. 656. 38. — adstrictor 

Payk., III., Fah., Panz. 75. 5. — clavicornis Oliv. 2. 

j)l. 8./ 85. 

Taken the middle of June and July by Mr. Bainbridge with 

Anaspides, from white thorns and umbelliferous plants, near 

Bexley, Kent ; also by Mr. Westwood in sand-pits and upon 

paling at Coombe Wood. 

For the following remarks we are indebted to Mr. West- 
wood. 

2. T. obtusus Westw. Mss. — Nob. 

" My new species is distinguishable from T. dermestoides not 
only by being much smaller, of a more castaneous colour, and 
a broader outline (whence my name obtusus), but also by the 
front of the head wanting the two elevated lines observable 
in that species. I have as yet seen but three specimens of it ; 
one of them was found at the foot of a pollard oak in Plaistow 
Marshes by my friend A. Cooper, Esq. R.A., and the other 
two specimens were beaten by myself likewise from an oak- 
tree near the village of Ensham (between Oxford and Witney) 
at the beginning of last September." 

It may be further observed, that T. dermestoides has the 
thorax minutely as well as coarsely punctured, the elytra more 
deeply striated with punctures, having an irregular row of large 
punctures between them. 

The plant is Dianthus Armeria (Deptford Pink) from 
Darent Wood. 



6e6\ 




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^^ 



686. 
TRACHYS MINUTA. 

Order Coleoptera. Fam. Buprestidae. 

Type of the Genus, Buprestis minuta Linn. 
Frachys Fab., Gyl., Soli., Curt. — Buprestis Linn., Oliv. 

Antenna free, inserted in a small cavity on the inside of the eyes, 
at the base of the clypeus, not remote, 11 -jointed, 2 basal joints 
stout, 1st long but very much bent and curved at the base, 2nd 
elongate-ovate, 4 follov^^ing slender, somewhat obovate, the 3rd 
being a Uttle the longest, the remainder compressed and shghtly 
produced internally, excepting the apical joint vv^hich is ovate (6) . 
Labrum suborbicular, truncated at the base and sharply notched 
in the middle, with 2 or three short bristles on the sides (1). 
Mandibles rather large in proportion, subtrigonate-conic, the 
outer angle elongated at the base (2). 

Maxillce terminated by a rounded lobe, with a minute one in- 
side, both densely ciliated. Palpi clavate and 4-jointed, basal 
joint subovate, 2nd rather long, pyriform-truncate, 3rd cup- 
shaped, 4th the largest, barrel-shaped (3). 
Mentum large and trigonate, the sides sinuated. Lip small. 
Palpi minute, triarticulate, basal joint small, 2nd cup-shaped, 
3rd ovate-truncate (4). 
Body depressed. Head short and broad, face concave ; eyes not pro- 
minent, lateral and oval. Thorax short, broad, narrowed before, 
anterior margin bisinuated, the base very much sinuated, forming 
acute angles and a lobe over the Scutel, which is exceedingly minute : 
antepectus with a short rounded lobe, fitting into a cavity in the 
medipectus. Elytra broader than the thorax, ovate-trig onate, the 
shoulders prominent, sides slightly emarginate, apex rounded : wings 
ample. Legs compressed, lying in cavities in repose, nearly of equal 
length, slender : thighs not stout : tibiae as long as the thighs, slender : 
tarsi short, all dilated, 5-jointed, 4 basal joints very short, membra- 
nous and spongy beneath, 5th elongated, clavate : claws small, very 
much hooked (5t). 



Minuta Linn. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 301. 2. 

Violaceous or bluish black ; face polished, aeneous, concave, 
channelled in the middle ; thorax subcupreous, with scattered 
shining ochreous hairs, the angles and a line along the base de- 
pressed ; elytra with various depressions and large shallow punc- 
tures forming indistinct striae ; a space at the base formed by 
shining ochreous hairs, as well as a transverse line before the 
middle, and 2 undulating ones towards the apex and looped at 
the suture. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



The valuable Essay of Mons. Solier in the Annales de la Soc. 
Ent. de France has greatly contributed towards the classifi- 



cation of this superb tribe of insects, which now amounts to 
about 600 species: of these 14 only have been found in En- 
gland, several of which have been most probably imported in 
timber ; and although this is a proof that the Buprestidae are 
not attached to northern latitudes, yet it is remarkable that 
twice as man}' are actually natives of Sweden, and Gyllenhal 
has described 46 species in his Insecta Suecica, including 
those that are supposed to have been introduced by intercourse 
with foreign countries. 

Trachys is a singular little group of this family, readily re- 
cognised by its short broad ovate figure, and although so dis- 
similar to Aphanisticus (pi. 262.) it is evidently closely allied 
to that ffenus. M. Solier not having been able to detect the 
maxilla? and palpi of Trachys, I am happy in the opportunity 
of adding figures of them. 

Three species of this circumscribed genus have been found 
in the neighbourhood of London. 

1. nana Fab. — Paiiz. 95. 9. 

"Obscure black, somewhat aeneous, smooth; face excavated, 
elytra triangular, with punctures somewhat in striae and a 
lateral elevated line." Gyll. v. 1. 464. 3. 
May and June, amongst underwood in Coomb Wood. 

2. minuta Linn. — Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 686. 

May 13th on Sallows, Coomb Wood and Epping Forest, 
J. C. ; end of May, a pair in Parley Copse, Mr. Dale ; June, 
Clapham, Park Wood, Bedfordshire; July and August, Met- 
ton and Monk's Woods; on birch and nut trees, Darent, 
Norwood, &c. 

3. pygmaea Fab. — Do7i. v. 8. pi. 282. 

Head and thorax smooth, cupreous or aeneous, elytra blue 

or green, with lines of strong punctui*es. 

May, in a puddle of water in Coomb Wood, Mr. MacLeay, 
and the late Mr. Joseph Hooker found one on Menyanthes 
trifoliata (pi. 294.) at St. Faith's in Norfolk. It has also once 
occurred in Cambridgeshire. 

The Plant is Bryonia dioica (Red-berried Bryony). 



^ 



26^ 




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ff 



262. 
APHANISTICUS PUSILLUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Buprestidae Leach. — Sternoxi Lat. 

Type of the Genus Buprestis pusilla Oliv. 

Aphanisticus Lat., Leach., Sam. — Buprestis Fab., Oliv., Gijll. 

Antennce inserted under the eyes, clavate, 11 -jointed, basal joint 
robust oblong and curved at the base, 2nd globose, 5 following 
slender, of equal length, obovate, the remainder forming a ser- 
rated club, the 8th joint being obtrigonate, the 9th and 1 0th 
transverse, being produced on the inside, 1 1th oblique ovate (6), 
Labrum pocket-shaped^ anterior margin ciliated (1). 
Mandibles trigonate, acute (2). 

Maxilla; terminated by a large rounded and ciliated lobe with a 
very minute one on the internal side. Palpi small, 4-jointed, 
basal joint very minute, 2nd appearing the longest, clavate trun- 
cate, 3rd short subquadrate, 4th pear-shaped (3). 
Mentum transverse oval. Labium and Palpi undiscovered (4). 
Trophi on the underside of the Head, which is subglobosc and emargi- 
nate with a deep channel in front. Eyes small round, placed at the 
anterior angles of the head, not lateral. Thorax subquadrate, nar- 
rowed before, posterior margin slightly lobed in the centre. Scutel- 
lum minute. Elytra narrow, emarginate on the outside towards the 
base, each being rounded at the apex. Wings not longer than the 
body. Legs very similar. Thighs very robust, suhovate. Tibiae short 
and stout. Tarsi 5-jointed, basal joint the smallest, the 3 following 
with the membranous margin increasing in size, the 4th being the 
largest and cordiform, 5th not extending beyond the 4th, slender and 
terminated by a single Claw (5, afore leg). 



PusiLLUS Oliv. V.2. tab. 12. /. ]33.— Grjll. 1. 460. 20.— emarginatus 
Fall., Leach., Sam. 

Black with an seneous tinge, shining, appearing granulated under 
a very high power. Head and thorax variolose, the latter with 
a transverse impression before and another beyond the middle, 
the sides margined. — Elytra uneven at the base with several 
rows of large but not well defined punctures. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



Aphanisticus is distinguished from Agrilus, which it most 
resembles, by its longer sulcated head and clavate antennae ; 
the eyes are not lateral, the thorax is somewhat conical and 
margined on the sides ; the labrum is narrowed at the base, 
and not at all emarginate ; all the joints of the tarsi have 
membranous margins, except the last, which produces only a 
single claw. I am unable to describe the labium and its palpi, 
which are very small, having lost or destroyed them in dis- 
secting the mouth. 

Two species only of this genus have been discovered, one 
of which is found in Britain, and was considered by Dr. Leach 
to be the B. emarginata of Fabricius ; it certainly agrees very 
well with his short description : but as he described it from 
Bosc's Cabinet, and Olivier has done so likewise, at the same 
time giving a figure and description which are very different 
to our insect, I have followed Gyllenhal and Dejean in adopt- 
ing Olivier's name, pusilla, his figure and description per- 
fectly agreeing with our British species. 

This minute insect has been several times taken near the 
gravel pit in Coombe Wood, early in April, by collecting the 
moss and carrying it home in bags and shaking and examin- 
ing it upon a white cloth, — an admirable plan for obtaining 
minute insects. Major Gyllenhal says it is found in grassy 
places, especially near the sea ; and Mr. Hope has detected it 
in similar situations near Southend, Essex. I believe it was 
observed by Dr. Leach in Devonshire, at a later period of the 
year ; and I think Mr. Samouelle once beat it out of a hedge 
at Coombe. 

The plant is Melampyrum cristatum (Crested Cow-wheat), 
communicated by Professor Henslow. 



67 




c%^ /yc/ &Mi^ .^ruim y/Lu^ / /liicf 



~^i> 



c2- ys'c^i' 

67. 
AGRILUS CHRYSEIS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Buprestidae Z/^ac^. SternoxiZa^ 

Type of the Genus Buprestis viridis Linn. 

Agkilus Megerle. Buprestis Linn., Fab., Lat., Leach, 8;c. 

Antennce inserted in a cavity between the eyes, close to the base 
of the clypeus, serrated in both sexes, 1 1 -jointed, 1 st joint rather 
short, bent at its base, 2nd and 3rd short, nearly of equal length, 
4th slightly, 5th and following very much produced on the in- 
ternal edge (fig. 6). 

Lahrum exserted, quadrate, slightly emarginate, scarcely ci- 
liated (1), 

Mandibles large in proportion to the rest of the mouth, trian- 
gular, thick, somewhat acute (2). 

Maxillce membranaceous, hairy, bilobed, internal lobe small : 
PaZpi 4-jointed, 1st joint minute, 2nd somewhat long, clavate, 
3rd short, 4th the longest, ovate, truncate (3), 
Mentum triangular : Palpi apparently only 2-jointed, 1st joint 
short, 2nd long, conical : Lip projecting as far as the Palpi, 
acuminated, ciliated (4). 
Head very retuse. Thorax cylindric, nearly quadrate, posterior margin 
sinuated, produced in the centre, applied to the base of the elytra ; 
having a mucronated process between the anterior pair of legs. Scu- 
tellum transverse, posterior margin rounded. Elytra very long, su- 
bulated, slightly serrated at the apex. Wings 2. Abdomen thick, 
not formed for leaping. Feet not very short. Tarsi 5-jointed, 3rd 
joint considerably dilated, 4th bilobed, oth cylindric with simple claws 
(5 afore leg). 

Chryseis Zeigler. 

Golden purple above, beneath metallic with a blackish tinge, 
pubescent. Head finely and irregularly channelled longitudinally 
on the crown. Thorax finely and irregularly punctured and 
channelled transversely, the anterior margin slightly elevated, a 
fovea in the centre near the posterior margin, and an impression 
on each side. Elytra thickly and minutely punctured, having a 
scabrous appearance, with a few short bristles at the apex. An- 
tennae and legs aeneous black. Eyes brownish black. 

In the Cabinets of Mr, Stone and Mr. Griesbach. 



In a former part of this work the arrangement of the exten- 
sive genus Buprestis was alluded to ; and through the kind- 
ness of my friend W. S. MacLeay, Esq. I am now enabled to 



give the generic name of the cylindric group, which is the 
subject of the present paper, as well as the specific name of 
the species, which is quite new to this country. 

Megerle appears to be the first who has paid attention to 
this splendid family, and has, I believe, published his obser- 
vations in the Vienna Transactions, which unfortunately I 
have not been able to consult; the characters have therefore 
been necessarily drawn from my own observations. Upon com- 
parison with those of Buprestis (folio 31), it will be seen how 
essentially different the organs of manducation are, which might 
be expected from the peculiar habit of the group. 

The New Forest produced last year 2 species of this family 
new to Britain, Bupt'esiis nitidula, already figured, and Agri- 
lus chryseis. A specimen of the latter was beat out of an old 
whitethorn bush, between Brockenhurst and Bottomsley, 
Hampshire, the end of September, and transmitted to Mr. 
Stone ; and Mr. Griesbach has favoured me with the sight of 
another specimen, taken in Windsor Forest about the same 
time, inclining rather more to a dull purple. Two other spe- 
cies of Agrilus are found in this country, Buprestis biguttata 
Linn., and B. viridis Linn. ; the former I have had the plea- 
sure of capturing in Darent Wood in June, upon the trunks 
of trees, as well as flying in the heat of the day : the latter 
species appears to be universally distributed over the country, 
and is much attached to the oak ; I have several times found 
it in Kensington Gardens, in June. Upon the continent there 
are several species closely allied to this insect, which may have 
been overlooked or confounded with it, from our not being 
well acquainted with them. 

Verbena officinalis (Vervain) is figured in the plate. 



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C^.<!y C7.€,u^ai^ =^L«fcn. CL^.'f:'fSt4 



BUPRESTIS NITIDULA. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Buprestidse. Sternoxi LaL 

Type of the Genus, Buprestis nitidula Linn. 

BupRESTis Linn., Fab., Curt. — Anthaxia Esch., Solier. 

Antennce inserted on each side of the clypeus, at the base of the 

mandibles, short, serrated in both sexes ; 11 -jointed, basal joint 

the longest, clavate, 2nd oval, 3rd longer obovate-truncate, 

remainder obtrigonate, jDroduced internally, compressed, apical 

joint minute, ovate-conic (6). 

Labrum small, nearly concealed, transverse, narrow^ed before, 

slightly emarginate and ciliated (1). 

Mandibles exserted, gaping, small, very much curved, bifid at 

the apex (2) with a protuberance on the inside (2 a) . 

»Maxill(e small, terminated by an oval hairy lobe, notched at the 
apex. Palpi moderate, 4-jointed, basal joint minute, 2nd 

elongate -clavate, 3rd shorter and stouter, 4th as long as the 

2nd ; stout, sUghtly securiform at the apex (3). 

Mentum large, transverse elliptic. Palpi small, not remote, 

nearly concealed, triarticulate ? (4). 
Head shoi-t, face orbicular and flat ; clypeus emarginate : eyes long, 
lateral, elliptic. Thorax short, transverse, sides j)arallel, anterior 
margin bisinuated, the angles slightly produced, base nearly straight : 
sternum with a short spine resting between the coxcb : scutel small 
and subtriangular . Elytra a little broader than the thorax, linear, 
depressed, the apex subtrigonate, and rounded. Wings ample. 
Legs short : thighs moderate : tibiae slender, slightly clavate, with 
minute spurs at the apex : tarsi longish, 5-jointed, basal joint the 
longest, clavate, 2nd and 3rd broad obcordate, 4th dilated and bi- 
lobed, 5th long and clavate : claws simple (5, afore leg). 

Nitidula Linn. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 304. 1. 

Elliptic, metallic-green : head and thorax yellow-green, thickly, 
minutely and irregularly punctured, the latter with a slight 
channel down the back, a foveolet on each side and a large de- 
pression at the posterior angles : elytra slightly rugose with 
minute punctures, having numerous obscure punctured striae ; 
antennae, mandibles and tarsi piceous, the former green at the 
base, the latter more or less greenish. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Dale and the Author. 



This superb family has been formed into many genera by 
Eschscholtz, Serville and Solier, agreeably to the geographical 
distribution of the various groups discovered in Asia, New 
Holland, Madagascar, the Cape of Good Hope, &c. : the 
European species have also been investigated, and are now 
separated into several genera, besides Agrilus and Trachys, 
which are illustrated in this work. The larva3 live in wood, 
and are very destructive : the Buprestidae resemble the Ce- 
rambycida? in their economy, and, like them, they are fre- 
quently conveyed in timber in an imperfect state from their 

181 



native country, which will account for the splendid exotic 
species that are occasionally met with by entomologists in this 
kingdom. Very few of the following, 1 suspect, are entitled 
to a place in our British Cabinets. 

BupRESTis Linn. j4pex of elytra not serrated. 

1. splendens Fab. — Lhin. Trans, vol. 10. pi. 32. J". 1, 2. 
Mr. Marsham has related an extraordinary fact concerning 

the longevity of this species : the perfect insect was seen to 
emerge from a desk made of Baltic fir that had been in the 
office at Guildhall upwards of twenty years, and the desk 
having been afterwards planed, the passage was discovered 
which the insect had formed : it is probable that it had re- 
mained in the larva state the greater portion of that period. 

Anthaxia Esch. 

2. nitidula LtJiyi. — Cwt. Brit. Etit. pi. 31. 

This brilliant little species was first detected by Mr. Dale 
and myself, the early part of last June (1824'), in an excursion 
to the New Forest: we beat four out of whitethorn flowers 
in the neighbourhood of Brockenhurst, in the heat of the day, 
at which time they flew with vei*y great celerity. Mr. Dale 
has subsequently taken it as early as the 19th May. 

3. Salicis Fab. — Doti. v. 4f.pl. 127.— Pz. I, 12. 

" 8th June, on bark of an old willow between Dulwich 
Common and Norwood." Donovan. . 

4. quadripunctata Lirm. — Oliv. 2. ?io. 32. t. 10. f. 117. 

I think it is this species which Mrs. Griffiths found near 
Torquay. 

PHiENops Meg. Apex of elytra serrated. 

5. tarda Gyll.—Panz. 68, 21. 

Taken near Windsor by Mr. J. H. Griesbach. 

Ancylocheira Esch. Apex of elytra tridentate. 

6. flavomaculata Fab. — Mars., Panz. 22, 9. 

On trunks of Lombardy poplars, St. George's fields. 

7. rustica Li?i7i. — Mars., Pz. 68, 19. Elytra bidentate. 
Several times recorded as British. Old Brompton, Mr. G. 

Waterhouse. 

DicEREA Esch. Latipalpis Soli. Apex of elytra bidentate. 

8. aenea Linn. — Oliv. v. 2. wo. 32. /. 6.f. 51. carniolica Fab. 
June, near Ebberley House, Devonshire, Mr. Hole. 

Lampra Meg. Elytra serrated or dentated. 

9. rutilans Fab.— Panz. 22, 8. 

June, near Matlock, Derbyshire, but on what authority I 
know not. It is one of the most brilliant of the European 
Buprestidae, although it does not equal the superb colours of 
some of the eastern species, which are greatly esteemed by the 
ladies of China, whose dresses are often embroidered with the 
resplendent elytra of the Buprestis vittata. 

Cratcegus Oxyacantha, Hawthorn or Whitethorn is figured. 



Jo 



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55. 
MELASIS BUPRESTOIDES. 



Order Coleoptera. Eam. Sternoxi Lat. Buprestidse Leach. 

Type of the Gemis Elater buprestoides Linn. 

Melasis Fab., Oliv., Lat. Elater Linn. 

AntenncB inserted between the eyes near the margin, 11-jointed : 
male pectinated ; 1st joint long, 2nd small globose, 3rd short, 4th 
and following pectinated (6) ; female serrated ; 1st joint long, 
2nd and 3rd of nearly equal length somewhat cylindric, 4-th and 
following joints less produced internally and more robust than in 
the male (6. a.) 

Labrum concealed beneath the clypeus, very minute, slightly 
emarginate (1.) 

Mandibles trigonate strong acute, slightly indented on the inter- 
nal edge (2.) 

Maxilla short terminated by a membranaceous and hairy lobe : 
Pal2n hairy 4-jointed, 1st joint small, 3nd large, 3rd short secu- 
liform, 4th large, dilated in the middle, slightly truncated (3.) 
Mentum transverse, anterior angles rounded, with a small tooth 
in the centre : Palpi attached to 2 moveable scapes, arising 
together from behind the mentum, 3-jointed, 1st joint long, 2nd 
shorter, 3rd large truncated, having apparently a small tubercle 
in the centre : Lip long, bifid, membranaceous (4.) 
Head broad, nearly concealed in the thorax. Eyes small. Thorax 

more or less emarginate before, posterior angles produced into spines. 

Sternum not mucronated. Scutellum long. Body cylindric. Wings 2. 

Legs short. Tibiae broad flat. Tarsi compressed entire, ^-jointed, 

\st joint the broadest and longest, terminal joint slender. Claws 

simple (5 afore leg). 



Buprestoides Linn. Syst. nat. t. 1. pars 2, p. 656. — flabellicornis 
Fab. Ent. Syst. t. 1. pars 1. j). 244. 

Obscure black, glossy, inclining frequently to castaneous, espe- 
cially the elytra. Antennae, palpi and legs rufous. Head pu- 
bescent punctured. Thorax slightly narrowed behind closely 
covered with small scabrous tubercles, with an impressed line 
down the centre. Elytra appearing rough under a lens with 
9 striae gradually approximating from the base to the apex. — In 
some specimens the elytra are chesnut colour, and the abdomen 
beneath somewhat rufous. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



Of this genus, which connects the Buprestida with the Elate- 
ridee, there is but one species known to inhabit our island ; and 



as it varies exceedingly in size and colour as well as in the 
strength of its sculpture^ it is probable that Olivier's and Panzer's 
figures are of our insect^ although Gyllenhal is disposed to hold 
a contrary opinion. 

Dr. Leach divided the Sternoxi of Latreille into two families, 
and has referred Melasis to the latter, from its wanting the spring 
beneath, which distinguishes the Elateridce ; its very cylindric 
form also, (so very much approaching the group containing 
Buprestis viridis L.) separates it at once from the Elaters ; at 
the same time it cannot be denied that the space between the 
elytra and thorax, and the thick terminal joint of the palpi do 
not well agree with the Buprestida. 

The specific name which our insect bears in both the works of 
Iiinnseus has been restored, as well from respect as in justice to 
that great man ; and it is to be regretted that the praise due to 
Fabricius for having estabHshed the genus, should have been 
diminished by the unnecessary confusion he has created, in chang- 
ing the Linnsean specific name, and afterwards describing another 
insect under the name of Mater hupredoides. 

In the year 1811 I found a perfect specimen dead in the 
decayed arm of a tree, in a wood "in the neighbourhood of Hales- 
worth, Suffolk. Dr. Herschel, however, is said to have first 
observed it at Windsor ; it has since been taken in some abun- 
dance in a decayed tree in the New Porest, by Mr. Samouelle 
and Mr. Chant : the males are frequently smaller than the females, 
— one of the former sex is figured. It is common in Sweden and 
Germany, but rare about Paris and in Britain. Latreille says it 
walks badly, and if it fly, it cannot apply the vigour and activity 
which so strongly mark the family to which it belongs. 

It inhabits dead decaying trees, which it perforates like the 
Anohia ; it has been detected in the beech, sallow, alder, and 
birch. 

The plant figured is Limim perenne (Perennial Plax), com- 
municated by Professor Hen slow. 



4^ 




694. 
ELATER ATERRIMUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Elateridae. 

Type of the Genus, Elater cupreus Fab. 
Elater Linn., Fab., GylL, Curt. — Ludius Lat. 

Antennae inserted before the eyes, on each side of the clypeus, 
longer than the head and thorax, 11 -jointed, basal joint short 
stoutish and ovate, 2nd and sometimes the 3rd minute and oval, 
the remainder compressed oblong, serrated or pectinated in- 
ternally in the male (6). 

Labrum transverse-semiovate, the margins ciliated with long 
bristles, the apex trigonate, fleshy and pubescent (1). 
Mandibles broad at the base, very much curved, the apex broad 
and bifid, the internal margin membranous and ciliated below 
the middle (2). 

Maxilla terminating in 2 very pilose lobes. Palpi short, stout, 
clavate and 4-jointed, basal joint small, subglobose, 2nd elon- 
gate, pear-shaped, truncated obliquely, 3rd shorter, obovate, 
4th the longest, hatchet-shaped (3). 

Mentum transverse, narrowed anteriorly with a few long bristles 
at the angles. Lip rather long and trigonate. Palpi inserted 
near the sides towards the apex, short and triarticulate, 2 basal 
joints small, obovate, 3rd large and hatchet-shaped (4). 
Head subovate : eyes sinall lateral and orbicular. Thorax consider- 
ably broader than the head, elongate-ovate, truncated before and at 
the base, which is broadest and sinuated, the angles produced into 
spines; the sternum wzYA a spine beneath (T*), which rests in a 
cavity betiveen the intermediate coxa : scutel distinct and ovate. 
Elytra a little broader than the thorax, very long, the apex more or 
less conical, sometimes notched. Wings ample. Legs moderate and 
slender : thighs short : tibiae simple : tarsi slender, sometimes lobed, 
5-jointed, basal joint not longer than the terminal one : c\a,ws long 
and slender (5, afore leg). 

Aterrimus Linn. F. S. No. 726. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 309. 23. 

Opake charcoal-black, clothed with minute depressed black 
hairs : clypeus trigonate and extending a little over the labrum; 
the trophi nearly concealed : antennae not longer than the thorax, 
punctured, serrated, 2nd and 3rd joints minute : head and thorax 
thickly punctured and finely shagreened, the latter oval, with 
the hinder angles a little divaricating, acute with sharp edges, 
a short channel near the base : scutel and elytra thickly punc- 
tured, the latter slightly glossy, somewhat bluish-black, the 
striae clean and punctured ; apex emarginate, forming 2 small 
points : legs very slender, knees a little ferruginous ; claws 
.ochreous : underside minutely punctured. 
In the Author's Cabinet. 



The larvae of these insects live in decayed trees, under the 
bark and in the earth, they have horny skins, and one of them, 



called the wire-worm, is very destructive in our fields and 
gardens. The beetles are called Elaters from a singular power 
they possess of leaping when laid on their backs, by which 
means they recover their legs ; when thus placed they some- 
times contract their legs and lie as if dead, but they shortly 
press their extremities against the surface on which they are 
placed, and by means of the spine and socket before alluded 
to, they dexterously leap up several inches. They fly well, 
and are found on trees, grass, under stones, in flowers, decayed 
wood, under bark, &c. At least 700 species have been disco- 
vered in different parts of the world, which have been divided 
into genera by Eschscholtz; but I can do no more than give 
a type of each of those that are British. 

Steatoderus Esch. 
1. ferrugineus Linn. — Don. 10. 356. 1. — Panz, 10. 10. 

Ludius Lat. — Ctenicera Lat. 
4. pectinicornis Linn. — Don. 10. 356. 2. — Panz. 77. 1. 

Ampedus Meg. — Elater Esch. 
8. sanguineus Linn. — Don. 15. 508. 2. — Panz. 5. 3. 
Limonius Esch. 
16. minutus Linn. — angustus Herb. 

Aplotarsus Ste. 
21. bipustulatus Linn. — Panz. 76. 10. 

Ectinus Esc.h.1 
23. aterrimus Linn. — Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 694. 

My specimen, the only one I have seen, was taken at 
Windsor by Mr. C. Griesbach. I do not doubt that it is the 
true aterrimus, but Gyllenhal's seems to be another species. 

Lepidotus Meg. 

25. holosericeus Fab.—Oliv. 2. 31. t. 3./. 33.— undulatus Herb. 

Agrypnus Esch. 

26. murinus Linn. — Oliv. v. 2. gen. 31. t. 2.f.9. 

Melanotus Rich. — Cratonychus Dej. 

27. fulvipes Herb. — castanipes Mars. 

Sericosomus Serv. — Serious Esch. 

29. brunneus Linn. — Oliv. t. 3./. 30. 

Agriotes Esch. 

30. sputalor Linn. — variabilis Herb. 

Hypolithus Esch. — Cryptohypnus Esch. 
33. agricola Zet. — Don. 1 6. 545. 

Selatosomus Ste. 
39. seneus L. — impressus, cyaneus, Don. 15. 535. 1 and 2. 
Drasterius Esch. 

41 . bimaculatus Fab. — Panz. 76. 9. 

Cardiophorus Esch. 

42. thoracicus Fab. — Panz. 6. 12. 

Ctenonychus Ste. 
45. cylindrus Leach. 

Athous Esch. 
47. niger Linn, — 01. t. 6.f. 65. — nigrinus Mars. 
Dolopius Esch. 

55. marginatus Linn. — lateralis 01. t. 8./. 80. — suturalis, fulvus, Mars. 

Adrastus Esch. 

56. limbatus Fab. — 01. t. 7./. 73.? nitidulus Mars. — pusillus Herb. 

The Plant is Dactylis glomerata, Rough Cock's-foot-grass. 



u6 




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216. 
DASCILLUS CERVINUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Telephoridae Leach, 

Malacodermi Lat. 
Type of the Genus Chrysomela cervina Linn. 
Dascillus Lat. — Atopa Payk., Fab., Gyll. — Cistela Oliv. — Crioceris 
Marsh. — Chrysomela Linn. — Ptinus DeGeer. 
Antennas inserted on each side the nasus before the eyes, long, 
filiform, pubescent, II -join ted; 1st and 2nd joints small, 3rd 
longer than the 4th, the remainder slightly increasing in length 
to the last which is as long as the 3rd and subemarginate at the 
apex (6), 

Labrum tongue-shaped, thick and rigid at the base, membranous 
and pubescent at the margin (1). 

Mandibles alike, long porrected, slightly bent and lanceolate to- 
wards the apex, with a tooth on the internal side, veiy much dilated 
at the base, with a thin submembranous margin at the angle (2). 
Maxiilce terminated by 2 lobes, the inner and smaller one coria- 
ceous and pilose, the outer one long, divided into 2 very pilose 
and membranous lacinise, the internal the broadest and shortest. 
— Pa/ptlong, filiform, pilose, 4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd the 
longest, 3rd about half as long, 4th rather longer and broader 
wedge-shaped, somewhat obovate-elongate (3). 
Mentum triangular, anterior margin rounded. Labium elongated, 
forming two divaricating membranous and pubescent lobes, each 
being divided into 2 lacinise, the external one the shortest. — Palpi 
arising from the sides of the lip, shorter than the lobes, triarti- 
culate, 2 first joints short producing a few long hairs, 3rd almost 
as long as the other 2, obovate, but truncated a little obliquely 

(4). 
Head rather small. Eyes small lateral. Thorax broader than the head 
transverse, narrowed before, sides margined, posterior margin sinuated, 
the angles acute. Scutellum semiorbicular. Elytra elongate-ovate, 
convex margined. Wings ample. Tibiae somewhat clavate, with 2 
spines at the apex. Tarsi a-joinfed, 3 Jirstsubcordate, each producing 
2 Jleshy lobes beneath, 4th bilobed, membranous at the inner edges, 
5th slender clavate. Claws bent. Pulvilli very minute (5, afore leg) . 



Cervinus Linn. Faun. Suec. 575. — Payk. Faun. Suec. 2. 116. 

Black, densely clothed with ochraceous depressed pubescence, 
minutely and thickly punctured ; tips of mandibles, palpi and tarsi, 
inclining to castaneous : elytra having several lines of irregular 
and rather strong punctures. 

Cinerea Fab. Ent. Syst. 2. 42. 2. Black ; elytra, antennae and 
legs dull ferruginous, the whole covered with ochreous pubescence. 
Cinerea Marsh. Ent. Brit. 220. 3. — Ferruginous, beneath fus- 
cous, covered with ochreous pubescence. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



The imperfect knowledge that Linnaeus unfortunately had of 
the trophi of insects not only often led him into error, but 
prevented him probably from bequeathing to the world a more 
natural system than has hitherto been discovered. Fabricius 
no doubt finding that it was impossible to form a natural sy- 
stem by mere analogy, began to examine the Instrumenta 
Cibaria; and this led Latreille to the accurate and elaborate 
investigations which have been the admiration of men of 
science ; and to his successful labours we are indebted for the 
comparative facility with which the affinities of the minutest 
insects are determined. The first work in which that learned 
naturalist showed his attachment to the Fabrician system, was 
his " Precis des Caracteres Generiques des Insectes," pub- 
lished in 1796, in which insects were first divided into families, 
and their characters derived from the mouth. In this work 
the genus Dascillus was established ; and about two years 
after, Paykul characterized the same insect under the name of 
Atopa. The remarkable structure of the maxillae and labium 
are alone sufficient to separate it from all other insects, and 
could not fail to attract the notice of these acute observers of 
Nature. 

The two species described of this genus are probably merely 
varieties or the sexes of 

D. Cervinus Linn, — The 'beetle represented upon the plant 
seems to be the Linnaean insect, and the magnified figure shows 
the tawny variety, v/hich may be the female. The scent of se- 
veral of these which I took off Alders and Brambles was very 
offensive and powerful, sinjilar to that of the house-bug; whereas 
the dark ones either had no scent, or smelt merely of the plant 
on which they were found. 

D. Cervinus and its varieties appear in May and June, and 
are very abundant in the north of England and in Scotland : 
on the 25th of last June there were multitudes upon various 
plants, and on the May-flowers, on the mountains near Am- 
bleside. 

Mr. A. Mathews, A.L.S. has informed me, that whilst he 
was collecting Orchideae in Kent on the 29th of May, 1825, 
he found three specimens of our beetle at the roots of Orchis 
ustulata, about four inches beneath the surface of the ground, 
which induced him to suspect that the larvae might feed upon 
the roots of that plant. The Dwarf Orchis was in flower upon 
the spot where I met with two or three specimens, ascending 
Arthur's Seat. 



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602. 
ELODES PINI. 

Order Coleoptera. Fam. Telephoiidae. 

Type of the Genus, Cyphon lividus Fab. 

Elodes Lat., Curt. — Cyphon PayA., Fab., Gyll. — Cistela i^a6., Panz. 
— Galleruca Fab. — Crioceris Mflr*. — Chrysomela Linn. 
Antenna nearly or quite as long as the insect, not very remote, 
inserted in front of the face, between the eyes, filiform and 11- 
jointed, basal joint the stoutest, obovate, 2nd subglobose, 3rd 
minute globose, 4th elongated, the remainder rather shorter, a 
little dilated at the apex, sometimes giving them a slightly ser- 
rated appearance, 11th joint rounded at the apex (6, the 4 basal 
and last joints), 

Labrum large, transverse-ovate, hairy, slightly emarginate in 
the centre (1). 

Mandibles dilated a little at the base, terminating in a strong 
curved and acute claw, densely ciliated on both sides (2). 
MaxillcE terminated by 2 slender lobes, internal one the shortest, 
both ovate and densely ciliated at the apex. Palpi hairy, 4- 
jointed, basal joint obovate-truncate, 2nd long and clavate, 3rd 
ovate, as long as the 1st ; 4th nearly as long as the 2nd, elliptic, 
apex a little acuminated (3). 

Mentum transverse, basal angles acute, anterior rounded, con- 
cave before with the centre a little produced. Lip long broad 
cordate and ciliated, formed of 2 parallel lobes. Palpi attached 
to 2 scapes at the base of the lip, triarticulate, basal joint elon- 
gated, 2nd stout, hairy outside, subpyriform-truncate, 3rd rather 
short, subfusiform, bicurved (4); sometimes the 2nd joint is 
elongated and the terminal one seems to be attached to the 
middle {p). 
Head nutant, suborbicular : eyes lateral, orbicular. Thorsis. transverse, 
semiorbicular, projecting over the head, the margins a little reflected, 
the base bisinuated: scutellum trigonate. Elytra long and elliptical. 
Wings ample. Abdomen furnished with an exserted tube in one 
sex, open beneath and cleft at the apex, the lobes producing 2 diva- 
ricating clavate processes ciliated at the apex (10). Legs, anterior 
a little the shortest, hinder the longest : thighs compressed, rather 
inflated : tibiae armed with spiny bristles externally, spurred at the 
apex ; hinder pair long and curved (5 \): tarsi hairy, 5-jointed, basal 
joint elongated especially in the hinder pair, 3rd short, 4th bilobed, 
5th small, clavate, claws small (5, afore leg). 

PiNi Curt. Guide, Gen. 312. 

Pitchy shining, thickly and minutely punctured, and clothed 
with short yellow pubescence : thorax very short, the anterior 
margin not projecting over the head, which is rather broad : 
elytra ovate, twice as broad as the thorax, the shoulders pro- 
jecting : antennae piceous, 3 basal joints ochreous ; mouth and 
legs ochreous, tarsi fuscous except the basal and apical joints. 

In the Author's Cabinet. 



The trophi of Elodes are very different to those of Dascillus 
(pi. 216.), to which it is considered to be allied ; and the labial 
palpi have sometimes a furcate appearance from the apical 
joint being inserted at the middle of the antecedent one, but 
as this character does not seem to be common to all, it may 
be only a sexual or specific distinction. 
The following are British species. 

1 . melanurus Fab. — pallida Mars. p. 227. n. 20. 

" Inhabits the white-thorn and umbelliferous plants." Sam. 
June, Isle of Wight ; July, GlengarifF; Aug., alders, Lynd- 
hurst. J. C. 

2. laetus Panz.fasc. 8. n. 8. 

June, out of an oak near Lyndhurst. J. C. 

3. lividus F. — mollis Mars. — assim ills and testaceus5/e. vars.? 
Panzer's -pallida fas. 8. 7. seems to be this species, although 
his description is that o^ melanurus. 

March, Coomb Wood ; June, Shooter's Hill : J. C. " June 
on the leaves of willows and alders." Dill. 

4. obscurus Ste. " A single specimen caught within the me- 
tropolitan district." 

5. marginatus Fab. — nimbata Panz. 24. 15. 

June, alders, near Ambleside, J. C. ; Leeds, Mr. Atkinson; 
" on various plants in moist parts of the Penllergare woods." 
Dill. 

6. pubescens Fab. — Cryp. dorsalis Mars. 
Common everywhere on reeds and alders. 

7. griseus F. — coarctatus Pk. — nigricans and concolor ikfar^. 
vars. 

Common everywhere. June, meadows, near Ambleside. 

8. Fadi Linn. — discolor Panz. 99. 8. 
Common in Norfolk and around London. 

9. ater Ste. " Found near London." 

10. ochraceus Sie. Taken at Ripley. 

1 1 . immunis Sle. Found near Windsor. 

12. Pini Curt. B. E. pi. 602. 

This insect has so much the habit of S. hemispharicus that 
it forms a connecting link between it and Elodes : I have found 
it in Scotland, and in great numbers in July 1835, on the 
Larches at Castle Connel near Limerick. It agrees with Gyl- 
lenhal's var. b o( E. griseus, but not with Marsham's C. nigri- 
cans, and as I have not detected a single variety I have no 
doubt of its being a distinct species. 

1 3. angulosus Mars. 228. 24. June, rare in woods, Surrey. 

14. dubius Sie. June, rare in woods, Kent. 

The Plant is Verbascim nigrum (Black Mullein). 



26:. 





cy-u^ ^ 'J, t:^.-^. -Ju.^ / ^d-n/ 



O 6 



263. 
LYCUS MINUTUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Telephoridae Leach. — Malaco- 
dermi Lat. 

Type of the Genus Lampyris sanguineus Linn. 

Lycus Fab., Ol'w., Lat., Leach. — Cantharis Linn. — Lampyris Linn. 
Marsh., Don. 

Antennce inserted at the base of the clypeus, rather stoutest in 
the middle, compressed, sometimes pectinated, 11 -jointed, basal 
joint not so long as the 3rd, the 2nd smallest, both subovate, 3rd 
and remainder subovate-truncate, slightly decreasing in length 
to the last which is rather longer and oval (G). 
Labruni exserted, semiorbicular, producing long bristles and a 
large rounded and pubescent membrane beneath (1), Tongue? 
rounded membranous and pubescent being the counterpart of 
the membrane of the labrum. 

Mandibles small, slender, bent and very acute, having a few 
bristles on the external surface (2). 

MaxillcE terminated by a straight lanceolate lobe clothed with 
long hairs, internally ciliated with curved hairs, producing a 
small lobe below. Palpi all nearly uniform, 4-jointed, basal 
joint the smallest, truncated obliquely; 2nd large obtrigonate, 
3rd smaller transverse, 4th the largest hatchet-shaped (3). 
Mentum oblong. Lip very small and pubescent. Palpi very 
robust, triarticulate, basal joint the smallest, cyUndric, truncated 
obliquely, 2nd obtrigonate, 3rd rather the largest, hatchet- 
shaped (4), 
Nasus sometimes produced and forming with the mouth a kind of ros- 
trum. Head short. Eyes small. Thorax subquadrate, or semi- 
orbicular, rugose. Scutellum trapezoid. Elytra depressed, very long 
and twice as broad as the thorax. Wings ample. Legs robust. 
Tibise truncated obliquely, with very minute spurs. Tarsi 5 -jointed, 
basal joint the smallest, 2nd and ord nbcordate, 4th bilobed, oth 
slender. Claws s)nall and acute, with a tooth near the base, (5, a 
fore leg). 

MiNUTus Oliv., Fab. — pusilla Gmel. — Marsh. 363. 3, 

Black, covered with short depressed hairs. Antennae with the 
apical joint ochreous. Thorax with the margin elevated, the 
anterior portion forming 3 deep fovese, the centre one divided 
with a small deep impression near the middle j the posterior 
portion forming 2 large fovege, the angles acute. Elytra scarlet, 
with 4 elevated lines on each^ the spaces between forming a 
double row of reticulations, composed of curved hairs. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



The outline of the European species of Lycus is sublinear ; 
whilst that of tropical climates is dilated towards the apex of 
the elytra, and is sometimes nearly orbicular, occasioning the 
greatest disproportion between the trunk, and the elytra and 
wings ; they differ also in colour, the former being black and 
red, the latter of different shades of orange, blue and black. 

I cannot refrain from noticing the great similitude there is 
in form and colour between some of the Brazilian Ceramby- 
cidae and Lycus ; but whether there exists any absolute affi- 
nity I am not prepared to prove. It may, however, be stated 
that although several species of our genus are found in flowers, 
especially of umbellate plants, they also inhabit the decaying 
trunks of trees ; and in the structure of the antennae they ap- 
proach the Prionidae. 

Of this beautiful genus 2 species have been detected in 
Britain. 

1. L. minutus Oliv. — Curtis Brit. Ent. pi. 263. 

This insect is said to inhabit Oaks and Hedges, from June 
to September. I have seen one taken by Mr. Brightwell, the 
middle of Sept. 1810, in a grove about 3 miles from Linton 
in Cambridgeshire; it was found entangled and dead in a 
spider's web : the specimen figured, I took on a Mountain 
Ash in August, in the neighbourhood of Tonbridge Wells. 

2. L. festivus Dori. Brit. Ins. v. 16. pi. 544. 

Antennas pectinated, black. Thorax and elytra tawny-orange, 
excepting the disk of the former, and the apex of the latter. 

Mr. Donovan obtained a specimen from the late Mr. Drury's 
Cabinet. 

The plant is JLuphrasia officinalis (Common Eye-bright). 



6g8 






',^.0y C/- (^<«i^ ^-it^ /r/ildb 



LAMPYRIS NOCTILUCA. 

The Glow-worm. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Lampyrida?. 

Type of the Genus, Lampyris noctiluca Linn. 
Lampyris Linn., Fab., Lat., Curt. 

Antennce approximating, inserted in front of the head between 
the eyes, shorter than the thorax, pubescent, fiUform, com- 
pressed, 11-jointed, basal joint the longest and stoutest, 2nd 
ovate-truncate, 3rd and 4th longer than the following, which 
gradually decrease in size, 10th the smallest, 1 1th longer, ovate- 
conic, the apex slightly emarginated on the side (6). 
Labrum rather membranous at the base, semicircular, the basal 
angles produced, margin clothed with long stout bristles (1). 
Mandibles small, sublinear, rounded and bristly externally to- 
wards the apex, which is acuminated ("2). 

MaxiUcE terminating in a narrow, leathery, densely hairy lobe, 
somewhat pointed. Palpi comparatively large, stout, subfusi- 
form, hairy and 4-jointed, basal joint the smallest, 2nd large 
obconic-truncate, the apex fleshy and white as well as the 3rd, 
which is more cup- shaped, 4th the longest and conical, the apex 
compressed (3). 

Mentum very small, scutcheon-shaped, the anterior angles ex- 
cised for the insertion of the Palpi, which are much smaller than 
the maxillary, sublinear, slightly pilose and composed of 3 in- 
distinctly articulated joints, basal joint oblong, 2nd more cup- 
shaped, 3rd the longest, subovate. Labium narrow and hairy (4). 
Head completely concealed under the thorax (T, the underside of both) 
and sunk in a cavity : eyes very large and globose in the male, and 
nearly meeting beneath. Thorax semi-ovate with a horny margin, 
the base truncated and sinuated, the angles slightly produced : scutel 
subovate. Elytra scarcely broader than the thorax, but 4 times as 
long, depressed, someivhat coriaceous, linear, the apex rounded. Wings 
ample. Abdomen depressed. Legs short, nearly alike : thighs slen- 
der : tibiae compressed, narrowed at the base : tarsi 5 -jointed, basal 
joint oblong, '2nd and 3rd somewhat obtrigonate, -ith bilobed, 5th as 
long as the 1st ; slender and clavate : claws simple and hooked (5 
afore leg). Female larger, apterous ; 4 apical segments of abdo- 
men phosphorescent beneath : eyes small. 
Larvae and Pupae similar to the female. 

Noctiluca Linn. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 315. 1. 

Male fuscous, thickly and coarsely punctured and clothed with 
very short ochreous depressed hairs : thorax with a lurid ochre- 
ous margin, with two diaphanous lunate lines in front, the disc 
shining ; elytra with 4 obscure elevated somewhat oblique lines 
on each : eyes black : legs fuscous-ochre, brightest at the base: 
abdomen with the 2 or 3 terminal segments ochreous beneath. 
Female reddish-brown, no diaphanous lines on the thorax : 2 
basal segments of abdomen with ochreous and orange angles, 
the 3 terminal ones edged with ochre above, broadest in the ter- 
minal one, entirely ochreous beneath. 

In the Author s and other Cabinets. 



Of all the minor works of Creation, none seems to make a 
stronger impression upon the youthful mind than the Glow- 
worm. In the warm and calm evenings of the early summer 
months, this insect emits a mild pale light, which seems like 
a terrestrial star shining from a bush or bank ; sometimes it 
moves, and varies in its power. Our astonishment is great when 
we first behold this novel. phaenomenon ; and if we search for 
the cause, it is increased on finding that it proceeds from a 
crawling vised', for the male, which alone has wings and is able 
to fly, gives but very little light. 

The fire-flies of Italy, which exhibit a much more brilliant 
light than our glow-worm, belong to the same genus of beetles, 
and in warmer latitudes there are prodigious quantities and 
great varieties of this tribe ; 1 believe, however, that it is ad- 
mitted by travellers that the light of all is inferior to the splen- 
did illumination of the fire-fly of the West Indies, the Elater 
noctiUicus, which, through the kindness of my friend J. C. 
Lees, Esq., of New Providence, I have seen alive in this 
country. 

It is presumed that the phosphoric light of the glow-worm 
is necessary to enable the males to discover their mates, since 
it is in the night alone that they are active ; for in the day they 
lie concealed. Sometimes a large number of the males are 
attracted by the light of a candle; Mr. Dale informs me that 
he took forty in this way in one night, and that he has found 
the glow-worm from the end of June to the 14th of Novem- 
ber : the larvae and pupae appear as early as the end of March 
or the beginning of April, and I believe they also emit light. 
It will be remembered that the head of the glow-worm is 
perfectly concealed beneath the thorax, which forms a shield 
over it in both sexes, and that there are frequently in the males 
two semitransparent spots in front of the thorax, which are 
doubtless to admit of the light falling upon the eyes, which 
are very large in that sex, and exceedingly minutely reticu- 
lated. 

For specimens of the Purple Mountain Milk-vetch, Astra- 
galus hypoglottis^ I am indebted to E. F. Witts, Esq., who 
gathered them near Slaughter in Gloucestershire. 



2/S 




C9U- ^Cf^€,u^£ra,n4u^ //sss 



^5 



5"- na^ 
215. 

TELEPHORUS CYANEUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Telephoridae Leach. 

Malacodermi Lat. 

Type of the Genus Cantharis fusca Linn, 

Telephorus Schcef., DeGeer, OUv., Lat, Leach. — Cantharis Linn., 
Fab., Payk., Panz., Marsh., GylL. 

Antennce inserted before the eyes on each side the nasus, long, 
subsetaceous compressed, pubescent, more slender in the male 
than female ; 1 1-jointed, basal joint the roost robust, 2nd small, 
ord shorter than the 4th, which is nearly as long as the 1st, the 
remainder scarcely decreasing in size to the last which is fusi- 
form conic (6). 

Labrum fleshy, concealed beneath the nasus, somewhat turbinate, 
notched at the apex (1). 

Mandibles transverse, long, slender, slightly bent and acute, di- 
lated at the base and externally pilose (2). 
Maxillm terminated by a membranous, quadrate pubescent lobe, 
behind which, near the internal margin, is a smaller one. Palpi 
4-jointed, pilose, basal joint small, 2nd twice as long, subclavate 
truncate, 3rd shorter ovate, 4th large securiform (3). 
Mentum membranous quadrate. Labium transverse quadrate, 
pilose at the margin, divided in the middle, anterior angles trun- 
cated, from which arise the Palpi, composed of 2 joints, the basal 
one somewhat cup-shaped, 2nd securiform (4). 
Males less robust than the females. Head vertical, suborbicular. Nasus 
horny, subtrigonate notched at the apex (la). Eyes small remote. 
Thorax suborbicular. Scutellum obtrigonate. Elytra as long as the 
Abdomen which is soft. Wings ample. Legs rather lo)ig and stout. 
Tibiae with 2 remote spines at the apex. Tarsi, anterior the shortest, 
all 5-jointed, submembranous , concave beneath, basal joint the longest, 
3rd cordate, 4th bilobed, 5 th clavate slender. Claws bent, dilated 
at the base. Pulvilli none (5, afore leg). 
Larvae inhabit the earth, and are probably carnivorous. 



Cyaneus Nob. — abdominalis Panz. 84. 5, 

Black shining pubescent. Face, thorax and abdomen rufous 
ochre, basal joint of antennae of the same colour tipped with 
black. Palpi and apex of mandibles piceous. Thorax very smooth, 
anterior margin piceous. Elytra blackish cyaneous, rugose, with 
3 very obscure lines on each. Claws ochraceous. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



The antennae of the Telephori are not only different in the 
sexes, but vary slightly in the same species, and sometimes 



recede so far from the type as to have only ten joints : this, 
however, might be a casual imperfection rather than an ex- 
ception. The labrum is a mere membranous appendage at- 
tached beneath the clypeus or nasus, which assumes the shape 
of an upper lip, and in a great measure, probably, supplies its 
place. 

The Telephori are found during the months of May, June, 
and July, upon trees, plants, &c. especially amongst the blos- 
soms of the Yv'hite Thorn and Umbelliferae, to which they re- 
sort, — not to feed upon the flowers, but upon the insects which 
congregate in multitudes in such situations. I have frequently 
seen them with insects in their mouths ; and last year I ob- 
served T. lividus eating a small Ichneumon, and took another 
of the same species holding an Empis between its mandibles, 
which it had sucked or masticated till nothing of the body, ex- 
cepting the skin, was left. T. Juscus will prey upon its own 
species. 

The following are natives of Britain : 



TELEPHORUS. 

14. dispar Fah. Scheef. 16. 9.— livida 

lU.. — rufipes Herb. 
Cantianus Leach ? 
pellucidus Fab. Sduef. 16. 12. 
thoracicus Gyll.—Oliv. ? 2. 1. 1./.2. 

— fulvicollis m. — bicolor Herb. 
ater Linn. Oliv. 2. t. \.f. 3. 
flavilabris GylL 

*EthiopszVo6. — Upon grass, moun- 
tains, Ambleside, 
fuscicomis 01. 2. t. \. f. 4. — fla- 

vicollis Mar. — melanocepbala 

Fanz. 39. 12. 
testaceus Linn. — Panz. 57. 4. 
paUidus Fab. Panz. 85. 7. — pal- 

lipes Fab. Oliv. 2. pi. l.f. 5. 
lateralis Linn. 
marginatus Fab, ? 
longicomis Fab. 
melanurus Fab. Panz. 85. 6. 
ruficoUis Fab. Martin, t. 29./. 11. 

Ahr. 11. 9. 



I. alpinus Gi/ll. 
"■2. cyaneus Nob. 

3. rusticus GyU. — fuscus Oliv. 2. t.\. 15. 

/. 1. 16. 

4. fuscusZmn. — DcG.4. t.2.f.5—15. 17. 

—Sckaf. 16./. 10. 

5. obscurus Linn. Syst. Nat. — GyU. — 18. 

Sch^. 16. 8, 19. 

6. discoideus Elrby's M.SS. 20. 

7. analis Fab.? 
S. nigricans Fab. — obscura Linn. 21. 

Faun. Suec. — Scheef. 16. 13. 
9. lituratus Fall. — GyU. — assimLIis 

var.6. Payk.—Sch(Bf.? 16. 14. 22. 

10. clypeatus III. ? GyU. — testacea 5cop. 23. 

— nivea Panz. 57. 5. 

11. rufus itnn. Z" GyU. — livida Panr. 24. 

57. 3. 25. 

12. bicolor Fab. — Panz. 39. 13.— 26. 

Sclicef. 16. 15. 27. 

13. lividus Linn.— Oliv. 2. t. 2. /. 8. 28. 

— Sam. pi. 3./. 4. — flavus DeG. 

T. JEthiops resembles C tristis of Panzer, but is much 
smaller; and the antennae are only pale beneath at the base. 

T. cijaneus is confined to the northern districts : it has been 
found in Yorkshire by Mr. Atkinson ; and last June I took 
three specimens at Ambleside, near some oak-trees. Mr. Mar- 
shall about the same time captured several flying over the top 
of an oak in Cumberland. Our insect agrees perfectly with 
Panzer's figure of C. abdoviinalis^ but it differs from the Fa- 
brician species in the colour of the thorax ; and its entirely 
black legs distinguish it from the C. violacea of Paykul and 
Gyllenhal. 

The beautiful plant represented. Primula farinosa (Moun- 
tain Auricula) was in flower in abundance on the sides of the 
mountains near Ambleside at the same time. 



'/6j 




cyU^iYcf:€A^.^J&»^J>mrJA'^ / fSt? 



167. 
MALACHIUS BISPINOSUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Melyridae Leach. Malaco- 
dermi Jjui. 

Type of the Genus Cantharis bipustulatus Linn. 

Malachius Fab., Ollv., Lat., Panz., Gyll. — Telephorus DeG. — Can- 
tharis Linn., Marsh. 

Antenna inserted in a socket before the eyes in front of the head, 
subsetaceous, more robust in the males than females, varying 
much in the form of the joints, which are II, the basal one the 
most robust in the males, the 4th in some females (fig. 6), the 
joints generally clavate truncate, but sometimes very much pro- 
duced on the inside, terminal joint long ovate, 
Labruni exserted, submembranous, somewhat crescent-shaped 
pilose (1). 

Mandibles exserted, subtrigonate, semitransparent, acute, bifid 
at the apex, pilose on the outer margin (2). 
Muxillce bilobed, membranous and ciliated at their apex. Palpi 
4-jointed, pilose, short and robust, basal joint very short trun- 
cated obliquely, 2nd and 3rd alike in form, terminal joint sub- 
conic, terminated by a vesicle (3), 

Mentum small, somewhat semicircular, appearing emarginate in 
front. Lip large thick and coriaceous at the base, membranous 
and pubescent at the apex which is rounded. Palpi inserted on 
the sides of the lip midway j short pilose, biarticulate, 1st joint 
clavate, 2nd ovate elongate, terminated by a vesicle (4). 
Head transverse retractile. Eyes small, prominent. Thorax broader 
than the head, suborbicular, the margins Jlat, with papillce under the 
anterior angles. Elytra soft, elongate ovate. Scutellum minute. 
Wings 2. Abdomen producing papillce on each side at the base. 
Legs long, especially the last pair. Tibiae simple, the hinder pair 
being slightly curved. Tarsi b-jointed, decreasing in length to the 
last joint which is as long as the basal one and dilated at the extre- 
mity. Claws simple, dilated at the base. Pulvilli large bilobed (5, 
afore leg). 

BispiNOSus Steph., Nob. 

Clothed with very short yellowish pubescence, the head and 
elytra towards their apex producing black bristles. Head and 
thorax shining green, sometimes inclining to blue ; antennae of 
a duller green, the underside of the basal joints, the mouth and 
surrounding parts as far as the eyes and the margins of the thorax 
orange. Scutellum and elytra dull, yellowish green, the latter 
with an orange coloured acuminate process at the apex next the 
suture and 3 obscure striae on each. Legs yellowish green. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Stephens and the Author. 



Malachius (a name derived from the Greek, and alluding 
to the soft and delicate texture of the insect,) was first esta- 
blished as a genus by Fabricius. May and June are the 
months that produce these beetles, some of them appearing 
occasionally in abundance. M. ceneus I have seen in great 
plenty flying in the sunshine in grass fields, and M. bipustu- 
latus upon the flowers of umbellate plants, where they either 
fed upon the flowers or upon the insects which they attracted. 
They are nearly all of a fine green, inclining more or less to 
blue or yellow, spotted or marked with orange or scarlet : but 
the peculiarity most worthy of observation is the curious red 
inflated appendages like little bladders, on the sides of the 
thorax and abdomen, which may be for the purpose of en- 
abling the insect to increase or decrease its gravity during 
flight. 

The following are British species : 

1. M. aeneus Linn.^ Panz. 10. 2. Don. 3. 96. 2. 

2. bipustulatus Linn., Fanz. 10. 3. Don. 15. 528. 2. 2. 

3. viridis Fab., Oliv. 2. tab. 3./. 14<. 

4. marginellus Fab., Oliv. 2. tab. S.f. 18. 

5. bispinosus Nob. 

6. sanguinolentus Fab., Oliv. 2. tab. 2>.f. 13, 

7. ruficollis Panz. 2. 10. 7iot of Fab. 

8. rubricollis Marsh., Gyll. — ruficollis Fab., Oliv. 2. 

tab. 2-/9. 

9. thoracicus Fab., Oliv. 2. tab. 2.f. 10. 

10. fasciatus Linn., Panz. 10. 5. Don. 15. 528. 1.1. 

11. bituberculatus. 

12. pulicarius Fab., Oliv., Panz. 10. 4. 

1 3. apicalis. 
It. humeralis. 

In consequence of the curious tubercles terminated by 
bristles which are produced at the apex of the elytra, the 
name of bisjmiosics has been given to our insect, two of which 
we took in Norfolk several years since ; but as we can find no 
other distinctions between it and M. marginellus, excepting 
its smaller size and more robust antennae, especially at their 
base, which are sexual characters, we suspect it is only the 
male of that species. 

The plant is Adonis autumnalis (Pheasant's-eye). 



s6/ 




267. 
TILLUS UNIFASCIATUS. 



Ordek Coleoptera. Fam. Tillidse Leach. — Clerii Lat. 

Type of the Genus, Chrj'somela elongata Linn. 

TxLLUS Oliv., Fab., Marsh., Lat., Leach, Sain. — Clerus Fab., Oliv. — 
Chrysomela Linn. 

Antennae inserted before the eyes, as long as the thorax, serrated } 
1 l-jointed,3 first joints slender, the basal one subclavate curved, 
2nd minute ovate, ord obtrigonate, the remainder cup-shaped 
and produced on the inside, excepting the last which is the 
longest and subovate (6). 

Labrum transverse-oval, pilose, ciliated at the anterior margin 
and slightly concave (1). 

Mandibles bifid at the apeXj ciliated on the inside near the base, 
one having a small tooth near the middle (2). 
MaxillcE terminated by 2 large rounded coriaceous lobes, very 
pubescent at their margins. Palpi not long but robust, pilose 
and 4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd subtrigonate, 3rd rhom- 
boidal, 4th the longest, slightly attenuated to the apex which is 
sloped ofl; very obliquely (3). 

Mentuni small transverse. Lip suborbicular, membranous, pilose. 
Palpi remote, large securiform, triarticulate, basal and 2nd joints 
pilose, the former truncated obliquely, the latter longer, 3rd very 
large hatchet-shaped (4). 
Head subtrigonate. Eyes sviall. Thorax ajUndric or subcordate. 
Scutellura triangular. Elytra completely covering the abdomen 
which is cylindric. Wings ample. Legs rather robust. Tibis 
simple. Tarsi 5-jointed, 2 first joints closely united, subcordiform, 
3rd and 4th more bilobed, terminal one subclavate. Claws bifid 
with a tooth at the base (5 afore leg). 
Obs. the dissections and descriptions are taken from T. unifasciatus. 



Unifasciatus Rossi. — Fab. Ent. Syst. v.l.p. 207. n. 8. — Marsh. 231.5, 
Clothed with rather long hairs. Black, shining. Head and 
thorax minutely but not thickly punctured. Elytra with several 
longitudinal rows of very large punctures vvhich vanish beyond 
the middle, one third of the elytra at the base red, and a pale 
ochreous fascia across the middle, interrupted only by the suture. 
In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



Till us is closely allied in habit and ceconomy to Dasytes on 
the one side, and to Opilus on the other. 

The 3 following species are inhabitants of Britain ; they are 



nearly of the same stature, they breed in wood, and inhabit 
trees and flowers. 

* The thorax nearly cylindric. 

1. T. elongatus Linn. — Panz. 43. 16. — ruficollis Hilb. 
Bluish black, with a red thorax. 

Found in June upon Oaks in Hampshire, and I once met 
with it tolerably plentiful in sunflowers at Bungay in Suffolk. 

2. T. ambulans Fab. — ater Panz. 8. 9. — bimaculatus Don. 

Brit. Lis. V. 12.pl. ^ll.yi 2. var. 
Entirely bluish black, and rather more slender than the 
former species. 

Having once taken a pair of this insect in a garden in Suf- 
folk, I consider it distinct, although Schonherr has included 
it as a variety of T. elongatus. The insect figured by Mr. 
Donovan is a singular and probably an immature variety, with 
a testaceous spot on each side of the elytra. 

** Thorax somewhat obcordate. 

3. T. unifasciatus -Rossz. — Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 26"! . 

This pretty and rare insect has several times been captured 
at Windsor. I believe it inhabits Oaks in June ; it has also 
been found on Oak posts, it is said, in Hertfordshire. For 
the specimen figured I am indebted to my friend Richard 
Latham, Esq. 

Specimens of Lathyrus Aphaca (Yellow Lathyrus) were 
communicated by Professor Henslow and Mr. G. Charlwood. 




2/c 




61 



270. 



OPILUS FASCIATUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cleridae Lat.., Leach. 

Type of the Genus, Attelabus mollis Linn. 

Opilus Lat., Leach, Sam. — Eupocus III. — Notoxus Fab., Gijll. — 
Clerus Oliv., Marsh. 

AnteiincE inserted before the eyes at the base of the nasus, curved, 
pilose, and clavatej 11 -jointed, basal joint robust bent, 2nd 
small, 3 following long, the 6th 7th and 8th rather shorter, slightly 
clavate, the remainder forming a compressed club, 9th and 10th 
joints obtrigonate, 1 Ith larger ovate and truncated obliquely (6). 
Labrum transverse, the angles rounded, the margin rather deeply 
notched and very pilose (1). 

Mandibles thin, acute with a small tooth near the middle and a 
larger rounded one near the apex, external margin rounded 
and pilose ; the internal margin membranous and pubescent to- 
wards the base (2). 

Maxillce terminated by a large lobe, with another on the inside, 
both densely ciliated. Palpi securiform, pilose, 4-jointed, basal 
joint short, 2nd long, gradually thickened to the apex, 3rd short, 
4th hatchet-shaped, spongy or coriaceous at the terminal mar- 
gin (3). 

Mentum small quadrate. Lip large broad heart-shaped, thickly 

covered with hairs inclining to the middle. Palpi securiform, 

large, bent back, pubescent triarticulate, basal joint short, 2nd 

longer, somewhat obtrigonate, 3rd large obtrigonate, thick and 

spongy at the terminal margin (4), 

Head nutant. Eyes prominent and ovate. Thorax elongate-cylindric, 

slightly depressed, narrowed behind. Scutellum small ovate. Elytra 

elliptical, dilated towards the apex. Wings ample. Legs very hairy. 

Tibiae slender simple. Tarsi 5-jointed, basal joint minute, not visible 

above, 3 follotving producing large bilobed membranous appendages 

beneath, 5th clavate. Claws simple (5, afore leg). 



Fasciatus Wilkin's MSS. 

Black, shining and villose. Antennae ferruginous, fuscous towards 
the extremity. Head minutely and thickly punctured except on 
the crown. Thorax coarsely and sparingly punctured but plain 
down the back. Scutellum minutely punctured. Elytra with 
several rows of very large punctures, closely approximating, but 
becoming fainter towards the apex ; an ihterrupted fascia beyond 
the middle forming 2 pale ochreous, sublunular spots. Legs 
ferruginous^ thighs black, except at the tips. 

In the Cabinet of Mr. Vigors. 



Opilus is distinguished from Tillus by the more elongated 
and simple joints of the antennae, the last being dilated ; by 
the hatchet-shaped terminal joint of all the palpi, by the ob- 
scure basal joint of the tarsi, &c. 

Two species only have been found in Britain, and one of 
them has never before been either described or figured. 

1. O. mollis Linn. — Panz. 5. 5. — Don. 12. 411. 1. — Sam. 

pi. 12./ 1. 

Larger than the following species. Brown and villose ; head 
and thorax thickly punctured, elytra with several coarsely 
punctured striae, with a large ochreous, somewhat triangular 
spot at the base, an interrupted fascia in the middle, and the 
apex of the same colour. Antennae and legs ochreous, in- 
clining to ferruginous ; the apex of the thighs brown. 

The larvae of this insect live in wood, especially in dry de- 
cayed willow trees, in which also the perfect beetles are some- 
times found, as well as under the bark, from November to 
May, and in woods and hedges in June and July. Latreille 
says they are found likewise in houses, living upon the larvae 
of other insects. O. mollis is not uncommon in the neigh- 
bourhood of London, particularly near Darent Wood. 

2. O. fasciatus Wilk.— Curtis Brit. Ent. pi. 270. 

Two specimens of this rare insect were taken (I think in 
Kent) many years since by Mr. Shillingford, and the drawing 
was made soon after their capture. 

The plant represented is Bartsia Odontites (Red Bartsia.) 



jgs 





^y-J^. 4^i.J, ^^zA4:^Jin^„ (Zi.t: /(irii^ 



^^ 



7- J.tS-^ 
398. 

THANASIMUS FORMIC ARIUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cleridae. 

Type of the Genus, Attelabus formicarius Linn. 

Thanasimus Lat., Sam., Curt. — Clerus Fab., Mar., Gyl. — Attelabus 
Linn. 

AntennoE inserted before the eyes on each side the head, as long 
as the thorax, clavate, pilose, 1 1-jointed, basal joint a little the 
longest and stouter than the 6 following, subreniform, 2nd very 
small, the 5 following decreasing in length and increasing in 
diameter, subovate, the remainder stouter and forming a sort of 
club of cup-shaped joints, the terminal one the largest and some- 
what obcordate being obliquely acuminated (G). 
Labrum transverse, ciliated with fine and a few strong bristles, 
deeply emarginate (1). 

Mandibles rather narrow, tapering to the apex which forms a 
strong tooth, with a smaller one below it, internal margin fleshy, 
coriaceous and ciliated at the base, external margin rounded 
and pilose (2). 

MaxillcB rather small furnished with 2 lobes densely ciliated at 
the apex, the internal one short, with a coriaceous margin, the 
external one longer, somewhat obovate. Palpi not extending 
beyond the external lobe, small and slender, 4-jointed and 
slightly pilose, basal joint minute, 2nd and 3rd a little larger sub- 
quadrate, 4th twice as long and somewhat conical (3). 
Mentum subquadrate. Lip elongate, cordiform at the apex and 
ciliated. Palpi considerably longer and larger than the maxil- 
lary, attached to scapes at the base^ triarticulate, basal joint 
small, 2nd longer, slender, clavate and slightly pilose, 3rd very 
long pubescent and oval, narrowed at the base and truncated 
very obliquely at the apex which is spongy (4) . 
Head ovate, as broad as the thorax. Eyes lateral, slightly prominent 
and reniforra. Thorax not touching the elytra, somewhat cordiform 
or orbicular, broadest in front and truncated, having a deep trans- 
verse channel and a central one forming a Y, and a narrow band at 
the base. Scutellum minute. Elytra somewhat elliptical, broader 
than the thorax. Wings ample. Thighs stout, anterior incrassated. 
Tibiae slightly curved, posterior the longest. Tarsi 5 -jointed, basal 
joint the smallest, scarcely projecting in the 4 anterior feet, and in 
these the ^ first joints are subcordate or trigonate and furnished be- 
neath with bilobed membranous appendages {5), in thehinder the 3rd 
and 4th joints only have appendages (of), terminal joint slender. 
Claws slender and acute. 



Formicarius Linn. Faun. Suec. 185. 641. Curt. Guide, Gen, 323. 1. 
In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



This genus completes our illustration of the family called 

Cleridae or Tillidse, and the genera comprised in it may be 

thus characterized : — 

Plate. 

Antennae serrated tillus . . . 267 

Antennae clavate : 

Palpi all hatchet-shaped opilus . . . 270 

Labial palpi only hatchet-shaped .... clerus ... 44 

Maxillary palpi very small thanasimus 398 

Penultimate joint of tarsi the smallest . corynetes .351 
Terminal joint of antennae much the 

largest subrhomboidal necrobia . . 350 



'tj" 



Thanasimus follows Opilus in the ' Guide,' but it arranges 
more naturally I think after Clerus. The only species that 
has been discovered in Britain is 

T. formicarius Linn. — Curt. Brit. Ent.pl. 398. 

Rufous pilose and pubescent : antennae piceous : head and 
thorax thickly punctured, the former and the anterior margin 
of the latter black : elytra black, and thickly clothed with de- 
pressed hairs, excepting the base which is rufous and deeply 
and coarsely punctured in strise ; before the middle is a nar- 
row waved dirty white fascia, and towards the apex a broader 
and more regular one: legs black, tips of tarsi ferruginous. 

Gyllenhal mentions a small var. with rufous legs, the knees 
sometimes black, (which is the C.femoralis of Dejean's Cata- 
logue), another with the breast and legs black, and a third 
with the breast blackish, the tibiae and tarsi reddish. 

This is the insect that is said to destroy an Anobium we 
lately figured in Plate 387, that is vei'y destructive to furni- 
ture, &c. It inhabits the trunks of trees and wood recently 
felled, especially the Scotch and spruce firs ; it runs very nim- 
bly, and has been named Jbnnicarius from its resemblance in 
form and manners to an ant. The larva lives under the bark 
of decaying trees. 

Mr. Dale informs me that he took a specimen on the trunk 
of a Scotch fir at Glanville's Wootton, June 30th : it has been 
captured also by Mr. Sparshall at Wrabness, in Essex ; by 
Capt. Blomer at Teignmouth, Devon, in Sept. ; on the sea- 
shore, Dublin, by Mr. Bulwer; atTynemouth, by Mr.Wailes; 
and on sandy banks, Coombe in June, by Mr. Samouelle : I 
once took a specimen in April upon a tree at Ditchingham in 
Norfolk, and Mr. Lyell showed me a specimen that 1 believe 
was captured at Kinnordy in Scotland. 

The Plant is Chenopodium murale (Netde-leaved Goosefoot). 



44 













60 



44. 
CLERUS ALVEARIUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cleridse Lat., Leach. 

Type of the Genus Attelabus Apiarius L'mn. 

Clerus Geof., Fab., Lat. Attelabus Linn. 

Antennce inserted between and close tc the eyes near the clypeus, 
hairy, 11-jointed, first joint long, curved, second shorter than 
the third, the five following short, the three last forming an ob- 
long triangular mass, rounded externally, acuminate internally 
at the extremity, (f. 6.) 

Labrum exserted, transverse, ciliated, narrowed before and 
deeply emarginate. (1.) 

Mandibles arched, acute, one having a tooth on the internal edge 
near the apex, the other having only an irregular edge, thickly 
covered with short regular hairs on the inside from the base, with 
long haii-s externally. (2.) 

MaxillcB long, the terminal lobe ciliated with long close hairs, 
inferior lobe with short hairs : P«/^i 3-jointed, first joint clavate, 
third obconic truncated, nearly equal in length to the two first. 
(3.) 

Mentum dilated towards the base, narrowed anteriorly : Palpi 
3-jointed, first joint minute, second clavate, third lai'ge, securi- 
form : Lip broad, rounded, pubescent. (4.) 

Head nearly vertical. Eyes notched. Thorax ohconic-cylindric. Scu- 
tellum minute. Wings 3. Hinder thighs of the males incrassuted. 
Tarsi ^-jointed, first joint very short, nearly concealed by the tibia, 
terminal long. Claws simple (5 afore leg.) 



Alvearius Fab. Ent. Syst. v. 1. pars 1. 209. n. 15. Lat. Gen. 
Cms. and Lis. v. l.p. 273. 

Purplish blue, hairy. Head and thorax greenish blue, deeply 
and closely punctured. Elytra closely punctured in indistinct 
lines, bright red inclining to orange, blueish pui-ple round the 
scutellum which is of the same colour, 2 transverse fasciae, a spot 
near the apex, and the suture blueish purple. Legs and antennae 
purple inclining to black. 

Li the Cabinets of Mr. Sparshall and the Author. 



At the time Mr. Marsham wrote his Entomologia Britannica, 
neither of the species that form the Genus Clerus were con- 
sidered as British, although specimens were preserved in the old 
cabinets ; Mr. Samouelle has also omitted the Genus in his Useful 



k 



Compendium ; Donovan, on the other hand, having received 
specimens of Clerus Apiarms from the North of England, has 
given a figure of it in his British Insects, vol. vii. p. 231. f, 1. 

Several specimens of this beautiful Genus having been taken 
within the last few years, amongst which are a fine female of 
C. Apiarms captured at Dover, and transmitted to Mr. Stone, 
and two of C. alvearius sent to Mr. Sparshall from Manchester, 
one of which is figured in the plate, our right to record it as a 
British Genus can no longer be questioned. As a doubt existed 
in the mind of Pabricius, when he wrote his Entomologia Sys- 
tematica, whether our insect was any thing more than a variety of 
C. Apiarius, I shall point out a few of the most obvious charac- 
ters which distinguish them, although I fear it may be thought 
unnecessary, after Latreille and Panzer without hesitation had 
published them as distinct species. C. Alvearitis is smaller (the 
figure in the plate is about one-fourth larger than the insect), 
more hairy, and less shining than C. Ajdarins : moreover the scu- 
iellum is surrounded by a purple spot, the suture is of the same 
colour, and the spot near the apex of the elytra is surrounded by 
red : these are characters sufficient to distinguish it from C. Apia- 
rius : it is also well known upon the continent that the larvae of 
that species inhabit bee-hives, whereas those of C. Alvearius (we 
are informed by Latreille) are attached to the nidus of Osmia 
cornuta {Apis hicornis, Kirby). 

The larvse, it is most probable, prey upon the young brood of 
the Bees ; and the perfect Beetle is found upon different flowers, 
at what time of the year is not ascertained. 

I am indebted to Professor Henslow for specimens of Atliamanta 
Libanotis (Mountain Spignel), gathered at Hintou in Cambridge- 
shire. 



5d<9 












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bH- 



350. 
NECROBIA RUFICOLLIS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cleridae Lat.^ Lea, 

Type of the Genus, Dermestes ruficollis Fab. 

Necbobia Lat., Oliv. — Corynetes Payk., Fab., Gyl. — Clerus Geo/., 
DeG., Marsh. — Dermestes Linn., Fab. 

Antenna inserted before the eyes on each side the clypeus, as 
long as the thorax, pubescent and pilose, 11 -jointed, basal joint 
rather robust and bent at the base, 2nd small, subglobose, 3rd 
slender, longer than any of the following, 4 of which are some- 
what ovate, 8th a little dilated, the remainder forming a com- 
pressed, distinctly articulated club, 9th and 10th joints cup- 
shaped, the latter the broadest, terminal joint very large, sub- 
rhomboidal (6). 

Labruni pocket-shaped, forming 2 short rounded lobes, producing 
a few long hairs and ciliated at the margin (I). 
Mandibles subtrigonate, rounded and pilose externally, acute at 
the apex, one having a narrow, the other a broad triangular 
tooth beneath the apex, internal margin fleshy and clothed with 
short pile below the middle (2). 

Maxillae short, forming 2 large lobes, rounded and densely clothed 
at tlieir extremities with short pubescence, the outer one the 
largest. Palpi rather long and pilose, 4-jointed, basal joint 
small, 2nd and 3rd equal, large subovate, 4th considerably 
longer, fusiform, thin and truncated at the apex (3). 
Mentum subquadrate. Lip broad slightly emarginate, rounded, 
densely pilose at the apex. Palpi remote, a little pilose, triarti- 
culate, basal joint small, 2nd large, obovate truncated obliquely, 
3rd twice as long, subfusiform, truncated and thin at the apex (4). 
Head subtrigonate : eyes prominent and globose. Thorax broader, sub- 
orbicular, rather truncated before, with 2 small angles behind. Scu- 
tellum small and rounded. Elytra broader than the thorax, oval, 
truncated at the base. Wings long and ample. Legs rather short, 
alike : tibiae slender and simple: tarsi all 4-jointcd, dilated and mem- 
branous at the apex, excepting the terminal joint which is long and 
slender, basal joint the smallest. Claws slender and acute (5). 



Ruficollis Fab. v. 1. p. 230. 7i. 18. — Curtis's Guide, Gen. 325. n. 2. 
Shining, pubescent, rufous : antenna3 and eyes dull black : head 
and thorax coarsely punctured, the former green, the latter vil- 
lose : elytra greenish blue, excepting at the base, minutely sha- 
greencd, each bearing 8 rows of punctures : abdomen piceous 
beneath. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



In economy this little group differs from the rest of the Cie- 
ridee, all of them undergoing their metamorphoses in wood ; 
but the Necrobiae live on dead animals, dried skins and old 
bones ; they walk slowly, but fly rather swiftly. 
Three species are found in this country. 

1. N. rufipes Fab.—Oliv. v. 4. No. 16 his, tab. l.f. 2. 
Shining, pubescent, bright blue, head and thorax greenish, 

coarsely punctured, elytra rugose with punctures, having also 
8 or 9 lines of punctures on each, the spaces between them 
pubescent: antennae and legs bright ferruginous, the 6 ter- 
minal joints of the former black; irophi brown, palpi ferru- 
ginous ; eyes black. 

The geographical range of this insect is very extensive ; it 
is found in the South of France and in Africa, even to the 
Cape of Good Hope : my specimens from Senegal, however, 
are larger than our English ones, and the punctured striae on 
the elytra are more evident. It is rare in Britain, but has 
been found by Mr. J. E. Gray in November near Copenhagen 
Fields. 

2. N. ruficollis Fab.— Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 350.—Oliv. tab. 1 ./ 3. 
Also inhabits Africa, and even the East Indies. It is found 

here in May and the beginning of July. 

3. N. Quadra Marsh. 323. 4.— violaceus Gj/ll. 3. 376. 
Shining pubescent, bright cyaneous; head and thorax 

greenish, thickly punctured, the latter with a smooth shining 
line down the back : elytra finely punctured, with 8 or 9 rows 
of large and deep punctures on each : antennae and legs dull 
black, coxae piceous, underside of tarsi ochreous. 

This insect is at once distinguished from Corynetes violaceus, 
with which it is so often confounded, by the greater size of the 
terminal joint of the antennae, and by its 4-jointed tarsi. It is 
also broader in proportion to its length, of a deeper blue ; the 
thorax is more regularly, and the elytra are more deeply punc- 
tured; the latter are also more pubescent, and have only a 
very slight transverse impression below the base. 

I have found this beetle in Norfolk in April and May, al- 
ways amongst old bones. 

The plant is Silene atiglica (English Catchfly), communi- 
cated from the neighbourhood of Heron Court by the Hon. 
C. A. Harris. 




c3J7 



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60 



351. 
CORYNETES VIOLACEUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cleridas Lat., Lea. 
Type of the Genus, Dermestes violaceus Linn. 

CoRYNETES Fab. Stjst. Elcut. — Necrobia Oliv., Lat. — Dermestes Linn., 
Fab. 

Antennce inserted before the eyes at the base of the mandibles, 
as long as the thorax, clavate, curved, pubescent and pilose ; 
11 -jointed, basal joint long and robust, 7 following short and 
slender, the 2nd being a little longer and stouter, the 8th is ob- 
ovate, the remainder forming an elongated, distinctly articulated 
club, 9th joint semiovate, 1 0th cup-shaped, 11th scarcely so 
large, transverse-ovate, pointed internally at the apex (6). 
Labriim bilobed and ciliated, producing also a few long hairs (1). 
Mandibles subtrigonate, curved and pilose externally, hooked and 
acute at the apex, with a strong tooth beneath, internal margin 
membranous and slightly pubescent below the middle (2). 
Maxillce small, terminated by 2 rounded lobes, very pubescent 
at the apex, the outer one obovate and the largest. Palpi long 
stout and pilose, 4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd long and robust 
attenuated to the base, 3rd stout obtrigonate, 4th very long and 
large, narrowed at the base, thin and rounded obliquely at the 
apex (3). 

Mentum oblong. Lip obtrigonate, truncated at the base, angles 

rounded, anterior margin indented, sides hairy. Palpi nearly as 

long as the maxillary and reflexed, pilose, triarticulate, basal 

joint small, 2nd long robust, truncated at the apex, tapering at 

the base, 3rd very large, narrowest at the base, subconic, being 

truncated obliquely (4), 

Head transverse, subtrigonate. Eyes small and prominent. Thorax 

suborbicular, the posterior angles acute. Scutellum small and rounded. 

Elytra rather broader than the thorax, oval, truncated at the base, 

with a deep transverse impression below the scutellum. Wings ample. 

Legs, anterior pair rather the shortest. Thighs a little stout. Tibiae 

simple, rather slender with a fine spine at the apex. Tarsi ^-jointed, 

anterior the shortest, 3rd joint short and bilobed, 4th small, 5th long 

clavate (.5); posterior with the 3rd joint longer than the 1st (5 f). 

Claws notched at the base. 



Violaceus Linn. F. S. n. A22.—Fab. — Lat. — Fanz. 5. 6. — Oliv. 4. 
No. 76 bis, pi. ]./. I, — Curtis's Guide, Gen. 326. 
Very glossy, pubescent, pale cyaneous : mouth piceous : head 
and thorax rather sparingly and coarsely punctured : elytra but 
slightly pubescent, especially on the back, 10 rather irregular 
lines of punctures on each, with a few very minute ones betweerj 
them : antennae black ; legs greenish with ochreous pubescence, 
underside of the tarsi ferruginous. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



It is now nearly thirty years since the differences between this 
insect and Necrobia Qiiadra were })ointed out by Mr. Marsham 
in his " Entomologia Britannica," yet those continental writers 
who have referred to his work have confounded the two spe- 
cies. With a hope of preventing any further confusion, the 
two geneta are now described. That Paykull's and Gyllen- 
hal's genus Corynetes is synonymous with Necrobia there can 
be no doubt, for they describe the palpi as filiform, the man- 
dibles bidentate, the terminal joint of the antennae as the largest, 
and the tarsi all 4-jointed. Olivier, on the contrary, has evi- 
dently figured our Corynetes, for his dissections and the de- 
scription of them agree very well with ours, and consequently 
differ very materially from those of Necrobia. Fabricius has 
given the former name to both our genera, but in his generic 
characters he has described our Corynetes. 

The form of the antennae and tarsi is quite sufficient to 
distinguish the genera, and to justify their separation: the 
economy of the insects is also very different: for it is well 
known that our Necrobige live in decayed animal substances, 
but the larvae of Corynetes, like the typical Cleridse, appear 
to inhabit wood, and the perfect insects are found, sometimes 
in abundance, in houses and in flowers, in the month of May. 

The following valuable observations relating to our insect, 
together with the specimens, were transmitted to me by Major 
General Hardwicke. " When at Wisbeach in October last, 
my attention was drawn to the depredations going on in the 
plank of a deal box, in which I found the larvae of a small 
coleopterous insect [Corynetes violacens) imbedded in dust, 
which their little jaws had produced, between the upper and 
lower surfaces of the plank. I found also in the same dust 
the cocoon of the pupa of some of the larva?, of a soft silky 
leathery texture, not unlike what are formed by the clothes- 
eating moths, when the larvae assume the pupa state. In this 
cocoon there appeared to be three cells, two of them unoc- 
cupied, the third closed and full; I therefore inclosed the 
cocoon with the bit of plank in a box, to secure the insect 
when it might become an imago, which occurred about six 
days after." 

The plant is Campanula patula (Field Bell-flower). 



402 











ci^-^^ Cy^&MUSm^n ?//<>y f.-fSSi 



66 



7 - /^3o? 
402. 

CIS BIDENTATUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cisidae or Bostricida;. 

Type of the Genus, Anobium Boleti Fab. 

Cis Lat.,GyL,Sam.,Curt. — Anobium Fah., Oliv.,Panz. — Ptinus iTfmrs. 
AntenncB inserted before the eyes under the margin of the clypeus, 
twice as long as the head, clavate, pilose, 10-jointed, basal joint 
robust, somewhat ovate, 2nd ovate also and rather stouter than 
the 5 following which are slender, 3rd joint longer than the 4 
following, which decrease in length, the 7th being cup-shaped, 
the remainder forming a triarticulate pubescent club, distinctly 
articulated, the 8th and 9th joints cup-shaped, the 10th ovate, 
acuminated at the apex (6). 

Labruni subovate, narrowed at the base, the sides thin, slightly 
emarginate and producing a few short hairs (1). 
Mandibles curved, stout, bifid at the apex (2). 
Maxilke small, producing a bundle of broad bristles at the apex 
and another on the inside. Palpi stout, longer than the maxilla, 
slightly hairy, 4-jointed, basal joint short curved and slender, 
2nd stouter, obovate, truncated obliquely, 3rd cup-shaped, 4th 
very large, ovate-conic (3). 

Mentum subovate-truncate. Lip larger, the anterior angles trun- 
cated obliquely from whence arise the Palpi, which are short, 
very robust and triarticulate, the basal joint transverse, 2nd sub- 
globose, 3rd small mamillate (4). 
Head short and semicircular. Eyes small lateral and globose. Thorax 
large, convex, projecting over the head, the lateral margin convex 
and marginated. Scutellum minute. Elytra convex elliptical. Wings 
ample. Legs compressed. Thighs broad. Tibiae, anterior with the 
external angle acuminated. Tarsi 4-jointed, 3 Jirst joints minute, the 
basal one nearly concealed by the posterior tibiae, apical joint large, 
and longer than the others united. Claws curved and acute (5). 



BiDENTATUS Oliv.2. No. 16. pi. 2.f. 5. mas. — inermis Marsh, fern. — 
Curt. Guide, Gen. 328. 12. 

Male smooth, shining. Piceous or dull castaneous, sprinkled 
with very short yellow hairs. Head concave, with a fovea in the 
centre, the clypeus bidentate : eyes black: antennae ferruginous. 
Thorax thickly punctured, very convex, the anterior margin 
forming 2 robust conical protuberances. Elytra irregularly and 
less thickly punctured (7 front view of head and thorax). 
Female with the clypeus reflexed but simple, as well as the an- 
terior portion of the thorax. 

Obs. In some males the clypeus is only emarginated, and the 
tubercles on the thorax are less developed than in the specimen 
represented. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



On referring to the Guide, it will be found that I have pro- 
posed to make the Cleridse pass on to the Cisidae, and this is 
beautifully accomplished by means of the European genus 
PsoA, which has the habit of the Cleridae, but the characters of 
the Bostricidae. I cannot, however, but acknowledge that it 
is with regret that I ever infringe on the tarsal system ; since 
the more I see of exotic forms, the more I am convinced that 
it will be impossible to study the Coleoptera generally without 
its assistance : in the present instance, however, it must be re- 
membered that the Cleridae are inconstant in the numerical 
structure of the tarsi, as in Necrobia, pi. 350. 

Cis and Anobium (pi. 387.) have been repeatedly united or 
confounded, but they are readily distinguished by the number 
of joints in the antennae and tarsi, the latter genus being pen- 
tamerous and having 11-jointed antennae. 

The following species of our genus are British, and all in- 
habit Boleti. 

1. C. Boleti Fab. — Boletorum Marsh. 85. 13. 

A very common insect, found from February to August 
in the Boletus versicolor and under the bark of trees. 

2. C. concinnus Mar. 87. 19. — Norfolk in June. 

3. C. micansi^fl!^. — villosulus Mar. 86. 14<. — Middle of April 

under bark of Willows near Southend. 
4-. C. hispidus Payk. — micans Pariz. 10. 8. 

5. C. pyrrhocephalus Mar. 86. 15. 

6. C. pygmaeus Mar. 86. 16. — festivum Panz. 6. 7.? 

7. C. rhododactylus Mar. 87. 22. — In Boletus versicolor. 

8. C. nigricornis Mar. 87. 21. ditto. 

9. C. ruficornis Mar. 87. 20. — perforatus Gyl. ? 

10. C. nitidus Fab. — Panz. 10. 9. — June, New Forest, J. C. 

Dale, Esq. 

11. C. fronticornis Panz. 98. 7. 

12. C. bidentatus O/m — Czirt.Brit.Ent.pl.^02. June, Suffolk. 

New Forest and Hurn, in Boletus a^iricularius and 
on White Thorns. Gyllenhal has referred Olivier's 
figure to C. Boleti, and Mr. Stephens has done the 
same; but on looking at the plate, there is little doubt 
about its being our insect, and on consulting his de- 
scription it is evident he intended no other than the 
C. bidentatus. 
The Plant is Chcnopodium acutifolium ( Sharp Entire-leaved 
Goosefoot). 



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149. 
CICONES CARPINI. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cisidse Leach. — Bostrichini Lat. 

Type of the Genus Cicones Carpini Nob. 
CiCONES Nob. 

Antennce inserted close to the anterior margin of the eyes, slightly 
pilose, capitate, 10-jointed, 1st and 2nd joints robust, subglo- 
bose, the 7 following more slender, gradually increasing in 
diameter, the 1 0th joint orbicular, very large and pubescent 
(fig. 6). 

Labrum semicircular, thickened and ciliated at the anterior mar- 
gin (1). 

Mandibles small, acute, membranous on the internal margin (2). 
Maxillae small bilobed, very pubescent at the apex. Palpi slightly 
pubescent, 4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd and 3rd robust, sub- 
quadrate, 4th large ovate (3). 

Mentum large, trigonate truncate. Labium quadrate ciliated. 
Palpi attached to the sides of the labium, 3-jointed ; basal joint 
minute, 2nd small, 3rd ovate (4). 
Head sunk up to the eyes which are small. Thorax gibbous subquad- 
rate, margined, not closely attached to the abdomen. Scutellum tri- 
angular. Elytra ovate. Wings ample. Thighs rather long. Tibiae 
simple. Tarsi all 4-jointed, Z first joints short, 4th longer than the 
others united, clavate. Claws simple (5, a fore leg). 



Cakpini Nob. 

Castaneous black, sparingly covered with stiff short yellow 
bristles. Head minutely and thickly punctured. Thorax with 
2 obtuse elevations near the middle, behind, rugosely punctured. 
Elytra very convex with 3 elevated longitudinal lines, and 9 
punctured striae on each, more castaneous than the thorax, 
having an oblique spot near the anterior angle, 3 near the 
middle, a transverse lunulated mark and another near the apex 
dull orange. Antennae ochraceous. Legs pilose ferruginous. 

7/1 the Cabinets of Mr. Beck and Mr. Bainbridge. 



We have been compelled to establish this little insect as a 
genus, from its not associating with any group that we are 
acquainted with. Its natural situation is probably between Cis 
and Cerylon ; and were it not for Fabricius's words " Antennae 
perfoliatae," we should consider that his Dermestes scaber would 
form a second species. 

Cicones Carpini is so like in size and colour to Bolitophagus 
pictus of Sturm's Deutschlands Fauna, that at first sight we 
concluded it was nearly allied to it: a slight examination, 
however, proved that ours was a Tetramerous insect, and that 
it belonged to the Bostrichini of Latreille, as will be seen by 
referring to the legs and antennae in the annexed plate. 

A single specimen of this insect (which we cannot find any 
where described) was taken from under the bark of a Horn- 
beam tree (Carpinus Betuliis) on Epping Forest in March 
1826, by Mr. T. Beck, and another about the same time by 
Mr. Bainbridge, who liberally allowed it to be dissected to 
supply the magnified figures in the plate. 

The plant is Arenaria trinervis (Plantain-leaved Sandwort). 



32/ 








r 



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327. 
NEMOSOMA ELONGATUM. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Bostricidae Lat. 

Type of the Genus, Dermestes elongatus Linn. 

Nemosoma Lat., Gyl., Lea. — Colydium Hel., Herb. — Ips 01. — Der- 
mestes Linn. 

AntenncB inserted before the eyes near the base of the mandibles, 
not longer than the head, clavate, slightly pilose, 10-jointed, 
basal joint longer and more robust than the 6 following, 2nd 
joint globose, the 5 following slender, gradually increasing in 
diameter, the remainder very large, the 8th and 9th cup-shaped, 
but rather eccentric, 10th subovate-globose (6). 
Labrum pocket-shaped, being emarginated before and ciliated 
with long bristles (1). 

Mandibles porrected, elongate-trigonate, strongly denticulated 
on the internal side towards the apex (2). 
Maxillce terminated by a long lobe densely ciliated. Palpi short, 
nearly equal, 4-jointed, 3 first joints short, the 2nd and 3rd sub- 
quadrate, 4th long subfusiform truncate (3). 
Mentum closely united to the head, anterior margin sinuated. 
Labium small subquadrate, emarginate and very pilose before. 
Palpi inserted towards the middle of the lip, triarticulate, 1st 
and 2nd joints subglobose, 3rd long, externally convex and 
truncated (4). 
Head long subovate. Eyes small, lateral. Thorax subcylindrical, as 
long as, and not broader than the head. Scutellum very minute. 
Elytra rather longer than the head and thorax, elliptical, cylindrical 
and rounded at the apex. Wings very ample. Legs alike, very 
short, posterior rather remote. Thighs thick. Tibiae vnth short 
spines at the apex. Tarsi all 4-jointed, basal joint a little longer 
than the 2nd and 3rd ; the 4th as long as the others united, clavate. 
Claws bent and acute (5). 



Elongatum Linn. Faun. Suec. p.l41.n.409. — Curtis's Guide, Gen.249. 
Black shining. Antennae and legs pale ferruginous. Head and 
thorax covered with oval punctures, the former having a channel 
down the front, deepest towards the clypeus. Elytra ferrugi- 
nous-ochre from the base nearly to the middle, and a large spot 
of the same color near the apex; they are indistinctly punctured, 
forming irregular and faint striae j at the apex near to the suture 
is a deep channel on each side extending round the apex and 
forming a thickened margin. 

In the Author s and other Cabinets. 



I RECEIVED a pair of this pretty and remarkable insect, which 
has never been figured or described by any English writer, 
with the following observations from Mr. Ingpen ; and I am 
indebted to Mr. Ingall for a series of specimens for my cabinet 
and dissection. 

" Mr. T. Ingall having discovered the habitat of this very 
rare insect about the middle of April 1830, near Sydenham, 
Kent, most liberally showed me its locality. In the first week 
of May we found it inhabiting the bark of old elm-rails, in 
which it makes labyrinth-like passages with outlet holes. The 
insect seemed attached to the hardest bark, and to that which 
was the most difficult to separate from the wood. It is remark- 
able that they almost entirely confine themselves to the under- 
side of the rails ; and the upright elm-posts, although the bark 
was very much eaten, produced scarcely a specimen." 

Mr. Davis informs me that Dr. Howitt found a specimen, 
near Nottingham I think, which was beaten from off a haw- 
thorn hedge, and another is said to have been taken at Darent 
in June. In Sweden it is found also under the bark of dead 
trees, especially of the Finns sylvestris (the Scotch Fir). 

Nemosoma is placed by Latreille between Cis and Cerylon, 
and there can be no doubt that it belongs to the Bostricidae ; 
but never having had an opportunity of examining this rare 
insect until now, I have arranged it in my Guide between 
Bitoma and Rhyzophagus ; but its natural situation will be 
near to Cis and Apate (Genera 328 and 330 of the Guide). 

The plant is Rubia peregrina (Wild Madder). 



2J/ 






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271. 
APATE CAPUCINUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Bostricidae Lat., Leach. 
Type of the Genus, Dermestes Capucina Linn. 
Apate Fab., Payk., Dej. — Bostrichus Lat., Oliv. — Dermestes Lvm. 
Antennce inserted close to the anterior margin of the eyes, clavate 
10-jointed, basal joint longer and more robust than the 6 fol- 
lowing which are slender, 2nd joint somewhat cup-shaped, 3rd 
4th and 5th obovate, 6th and 7th more cup-shaped, the remainder 
very large, the 8th and 9th somewhat obtrigonate, the 10th oval- 
truncate (6). 

Labrum transverse-oval, densely clothed with long hairs (1). 
Mandibles thick and trigonate, slightly acuminated but obtuse at 
the apex (2). 

MaxillcE short, terminated by a large ovate lobe, very pilose at 
the apex, and an equally large and similar lobe on the inside. 
Palpi rather large, robust and very pilose, 4-jointed, basal joint 
short, 2nd the longest, 3rd somewhat hatchet-shaped, 4th sub- 
conic (3). 

Mentum subtrigonate, the posterior angles raised and producing 

long hairs. Lip large, heart-shaped, with a lobe in the centre. 

Palpi robust, very pilose, triarticulate, basal joint subglobose, 

2nd ovate-truncate, 3rd ovate (4). 

Head nutant received into the thorax level with the Eyes, v)hich are 

small globose and remote. Thorax globose, truncated obliquely before. 

Scutellum minute. Elytra very convex and elliptical, slightly dilated 

and rounded at the apex. Wings ample. Legs slender. Tibiae 

simple with small spurs at the apex. Tarsi 4-jointed, basal joint 

rather the longest, knotted near the base {being apparently an attempt 

to produce another joint), 3rd joint the smallest, 4th rather long. 

Claws dilated at the base (5, afore leg). 



Capucinus Linn. Faun. Suec.p. 142. n. 416. 

Black shining. Elytra and abdomen rufous. Palpi tipped with 
red. Head pubescent and thickly punctured. Thorax pubescent, 
except on the top, granulated and tuberculated, globose, sloped 
off in front, with a transverse ridge. Elytra semicylindric, thickly 
and deeply punctured, having 3 obscurely elevated lines on each. 
Underside and legs pubescent, apex of the tarsi and claws cas- 
taneous. 
In the Cabinets of Mr. Haworth, Mr. Sparshall, and Mr. Stone. 



Apate being distinguished from Bostiichus by the somewhat 
perfoliated mass of the antennae, it appears to be necessary to 
separate them ; and the same portion being lamellated and 
pectinated in A. innricata, I am very doubtful to which genus 
it belongs, and am unable to decide at present for want of 
specimens. 

In the larva state these insects live in dead trees, upon the 
trunks of which the beetles are generally found. 
A. Capucinus Linn. — Curtis Brit. Ent. pi. 271. 

The beautiful specimen figured was taken by a boy near 
Cromer, on the coast of Norfolk, and given to Mr. Earle, a 
gentleman residing there, by whom it was presented to Mr. 
Joseph Sparshall. Mr. Haworth has a specimen taken neai- 
London, and Mr. Stone has another from Matlock in Der- 
byshire. 
A. muricata Linn. — Panz. 35. 17. — terebrans Oliv. 

It is recorded by Mr. Ingpen that this insect has been found 
under bark in Epping Forest in the month of June, and it has 
been admitted into Panzer's " Faunae Insectorum Germanicae." 
Linnaeus gives it as an inhabitant of Guinea, Fabricius of 
South America, and DeJean of Brazil ; it is evidently there- 
fore a species (like Blatta oricritalis, and a great number of 
others) that has been introduced by our commercial inter- 
course with foreign countries. 

The plant is Gcnm urhanum (Common Avens). 




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51. 
PLATYPUS CYLINDRUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Bostricini Lat. Bostricidse Leach. 

Type of the Genus Platypus cylindrus Herbst. 
Platypus Herbst, Lat. Bostrichus Fab. Scolytus Oliv., Pans. 

Antemue inserted close to the base of the clypeus, not longer 
than the head, 6-jointed, 1st joint elongate, curved ; 2nd short, 
thick ; 3rd and 2 following transverse, club large solid oval 
very much compressed punctured, annulations none or obsolete 
(f. 6.) 

Labrum none ? 

Mandibles exserted trigonate very strong acute (2.) 
Maxilla broad at the base, attenuate upwards, somewhat acute 
at the apex, which produces strong bristles as well as the inter- 
nal edge ; Palpi short robust 3-jointed conic, terminal joint short 
(3.) 

Mcntum very small oblong, narrowed at the base (-i. a.), where it 
appears to be attached to the surface, not the edge, of the cover- 
ing of the underside of the head (b.) : Palpi very short 3-joixited, 
the terminal joint being the longest (c.) 
Head globose very obtuse before, appearing vertical. Eyes ovate. 
Thorax lo)ig cylindric, excavated on the sides to receive the anterior 
femora. Body cylindric linear. Elytra truncated at the apex and 
very hairy, with a small tooth on the Brd stria, and an obtuse spine 
on each side near the external margin behind. Legs long, anterior 
the longest curved inward, posterior placed very far behind ; anterior 
coxfe very large. Thighs robust. Tibiae short compressed tubercu- 
lated, anterior deeply striated transversely on the outside, terminated 
by a strong spine. Tarsi slender, entire, longer than the femora and 
tibia united, 'a -jointed, 1st joint very long, 4:th very minute. Claws 
slender (5. afore leg). 



Cylindrus Herbst Coleop. 5. tab. 49. /. 3. Fab. Ikt. Syst. t. 1. 
pars 2. p. 364. n. 2. Cylindricus Oliv. Ent. t. 4. n. 78. pi. 1. 
fig. 2. a. b. Lat. Gen. Crust, ^x. t. 2. p. 277. 
Shining reddish-brown ; head, thorax and elytra towards the 
apex inclining to black. Legs castaneous. Antennae ferruginous. 
Head punctured, flat and finely rugulose in front. Thorax 
slightly punctured, back smooth, with an impressed line in the 
centre behind, posterior margin produced in the centre. Elytra 
punctured, with 8 deep striae, forming as many alternate elevated 
ribs. Anterior thighs towards the base angulated on the internal 
margin. 

/^ In the Author s and other Cahinets. 

\ 



This curious insect, so diiferent in appearance to any of its 
congeners, belongs to the same family as Scolylm destructor 



(Plate 43). I have adopted Herbst^s name cylhulrm after 
Dejeaiij who has applied the name cylindncm to a North Ameri- 
can species. — Before I proceed further I shall notice its pecidiari- 
ties. Most insects that live under bark either have moderately 
long or very short legs ; but in our insect the tarsi, which are 
5 -jointed, are remarkable for their length, being twice as long as 
the whole remainder of the leg ; the coxse of the anterior pair are 
very powerful, and this pair has a singular appearance, being 
bowed outward so as to form nearly a circle when viewed in 
front ; the transverse furrows upon the tibiae of this pair are very 
peculiar characters, and must materially assist the insect in its 
course through its narrow labyrinths beneath the bark. 

It is to the assiduity of Mr. D. Bydder that we are enabled to 
record it in our British Fauna : the specimens in my own as well 
as all other cabinets, are from the large stock which he once took 
in the New Forest under tlie bark of felled oak and beech trees 
in the month of May. Although it must be upwards of twelve 
years since that capture was made, and the insect has been sought 
for since, I have never heard of a single specimen having been 
taken. This, however, is only additional evidence to a well known 
fact, that myriads of Xylophagous insects may be found in one 
tree, whilst others close to the spot will be untouched, or affected 
in so shght a degree as to prevent discovery. There is nothing 
perhaps in nature more wonderful than the sudden appearance and 
disappearance of these minor works of the Creator, which are at 
His command called forth to answer ends that our limited under- 
standings cannot comprehend, and which being accomplished are, 
by a combination of circumstances no less wonderful, swept away 
from us altogether for a season. 

All the trees of this country occasionally suffer, and some of 
them materially, from the attacks of insects. As it therefore 
becomes of great importance that we should be acquainted with 
them, I shall, whenever I arrive at the illustration of such genera, 
point out their peculiar habits. I regret that in the present 
instance I can find no account, in any of the works with which I 
am acquainted, of the economy of our insect ; and if it were 
known, we no doubt should have been fully informed upon the 
subject in the invaluable works of the learned Latreille. 

Geranium pratense (Meadow Crane's Bill) is figured in the 
plate. 



4^> 




(SfiUf-hf. (J.-€uMl^ JinMm. '/U: I 1tii4 



7/ 



43. 
SCOLYTUS DESTRUCTOR. 



Ordee Coleoptera. Fam. Bostricidse, Lat., Jjeach. 

Type of the Genm Bostrichus Scolytus Fab. 

ScoLYTUS Geoff., Lat., Oliv., Leach. Bostrichus Fab. Hylesinus 
Fab., MacLeay. Ips Marsh. 

AnteniKB inserted close to the interior margin of the eyes, shorter 
than the head, clavate, basal joint large, second short, third 
small, five following transverse, the club (formed from the ninth 
joint) compressed, obovoid, composed of three closely united 
plates, (f. 6.) 
Labruni none.? 

Mandibles arched, concave beneath, triangular, somewhat acute, 
hairy at the base. (2.) 

Maxillce membranaceous, ciliated internally with strong short 
bristles, very hairy externally : Falpi not longer than the man- 
dibles, 4-jointed, first joint very short, second and third quadrate, 
terminal joint slender. (3.) 

Mentum long, dilated anteriorly : Falpi much longer than the 
maxillary, pilose, first and second joints very robust, terminal, 
somewhat ovate, oblong : Lip very small. (J?.) 

Head someivhat globose. Body cylinclric, obliquely and ahruptly trun- 
cated at the apex. Wings 2 very long. Legs short, robust. Tibiae 
compressed, anterior terminated by a curved spine. Tarsi '^^-jointed, 
third joint bifid, fourth long, with two simple clatvs (5 afore leg). 



Destructor Oliv. Fhit. t. 4. n. IS.jjI. 1. /. 4. a. b. c. Scolytus Fab. 
Ent. Syst. t. l.pars 2 p. 366, n. 9. Marsh. Fnt. Brit. p. 53. n. 6. 
Black, shining, head thickly covered above with short yellowish 
bail's. Thorax finely punctured. Elytra chesnut, frequently with 
a large dark spot extending across the centre, each having seven 
striae with punctures, and seven alternating lines of more minute 
punctures. Wings fuscous. Abdomen very hairy. Legs and 
antennae rufous. 

Ln the Author's and other Cabinets. 



The subject of the present article having created considerable 
interest from the devastation it has made in St. James's and 
Hyde Parks, and the public attention having been excited by 
a valuable and learned report,"^ drawn up, at the request of Lord 
Sidney, the Ranger, for the Treasury, by W. S. MacLeay, Esq., I 
have been induced to describe and figure this formidable little 
insect, hoping to assist in the laudable object of my friend, by 
enabling those who suffer from its depredations to apply a remedy 

* ^\Ae Erfinhprgh Phllo.'iopJiirrd .Join-nal, No. XXI. Jiily 1824. p. 123. 



which would be impossible without being acquainted with its figure 
and habits. 

The perfect insects I have frequently met with^ in dry weather 
during the spring, even in the streets of London ; and Mr. Mae 
Leay informs me that in warm days he has seen them flying about 
the trees in the Birdcage Walk in great abundance : from March 
to September the female may be found upon the trunks of elm- 
trees, making her way through the bark ; after which she pro- 
ceeds between the bark and the wood, forming a passage and 
depositing her eggs on each side in her course until she is ex- 
hausted, when she dies, and may generally be found at the 
extremity of the channel : when the eggs, which are deposited 
very close to each other, hatch (as Mr. MacLeay informs us) the 
larvae begin to feed, working nearly at right angles from the path 
of the parent, proceeding almost parallel to each other, as repre- 
sented in the engraving. The larvse are to be found alive in 
January, I am informed by a lady who reared them : it is therefore 
probable they are working during the whole of the winter, when, 
the sap of the tree being down, the bark adheres less firmly, the 
grub works with greater facility, and the mischief is consequently 
augmented. 

Our insect inhabits the elms of Prance and Germany as well as 
England, especially in the neighbourhood of Paris and London, 
where they most abound, owing probably to the absence of birds 
and reptiles in such situations. Erom recent observations the 
mischief has spread to Kensington Gardens, the Eegent's Park, 
and Hampstead, which is not to be wondered at when we consider 
the multitudes annually produced, and the facility with which the 
insect flies. 

" The devastation (says Mr. MacLeay) committed by these 
animals is at times so great, that it is clearly worth while to make 
experiments to obviate it ; although it is difficult to conceive how 
such experiments can ever be made philosophically by persons who 
do not in the first instance make themselves acquainted with the 
natural history of that particular species of destructive insect 
w^hicli may have occasioned the mischief." I cannot do better 
probably than join him in recommending " that trees should be 
inspected twice a year, in summer when the perfect insect is on 
the wing, and afterwards in winter, when infected trees ought to be 
cut down and burned, or subjected to such heat or fumigation as 
may destroy the larvse, or to cover them over with a mixture of 
tar and train oil in March to a certain height from the ground all 
such trees as it may be thought proper to save :" for young trees, 
or a partial aff'ection, corrosive sublimate and turpentine applied 
to the parts during dry weather in March would most probably 
effectually put a stop to the mischief; but the expense would not 
allow of its general application. 

A sprig of Ulmus cmnpestris ? (the common Elm) is figured. 



721 






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522. 
HYLESINUS SCABER. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Bostricidse. 

Type of the Genus, Hylesinus crenatus. Fab. 

Hylesinus Fab., Lot., Gyll., Curt. — Bostrichus Panz. — Scolytus 
Oliv. — Ips Marsh. 

^w^raH<£' inserted near to the anterior margin of the eye, not 
longer than the head, capitate, pilose and 11 -jointed, basal joint 
long, clavate and hooked at the base, 2nd stout and subovate, 
3rd slenderer, obtrapezate, 5 following a little broader, short 
and transverse, the remainder forming a pubescent ovate-conic 
club, slightly compressed, 9th joint a little longer than the 10th, 
the apical one considerably longer and conical, with a trans- 
verse suture (6). 
Lahrum undiscovered. 

Mandibles porrected, trigonate, inside concave, with 3 slight 
notches on the inner margin (2). 

Maxillee furnished with a large ovate lobe, armed on the inside 
with long lanceolate spines and bristles, and very bristly outside. 
Pal])i extending beyond the lobe, externally hairy, triarticulate, 
basal joint the longest and stoutest, 2nd subquadi'ate, 3rd as 
long but much narrower (3) . 

Mentum obovate, pilose before. Lip minute. Paljji consider- 
ably longer than the maxillary, hairy, triarticulate, basal joint 
long and stout, 2nd short ovate, 3rd the same length but 
slender and naked (4). 
Head deflexed and subconic : clypeus broad with a triangular lobe at 
the centre: eyes small and latei-al. Thorax cylindric, semiorbicular : 
scutellum minute and sunk. Elytra very convex, oval, scarcely de- 
pressed at the apex : vdngs very ample. Thighs stout but nearly 
linear, longer than the Tibice, which are short and broad, being nar- 
roived at the base and a little dilated and serrated externally at the 
apex, having spiny bristles also outside, with a minute claw at the 
internal angle. Tarsi nearly as long as the tibice, 5-jointed, first 
3 joints pubescent beneath, the basal one a little longer than the 2nd, 
Zrd bilobed, 4th minute, 5th the longest, clavate : claws strong and 
acute. 



ScABEK Marsh. Ent. Brit. p. 56. n. 14. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 335. 3. 
Short and stout, piceous, clothed mth very short ochreous hairs, 
thickly punctured, scabrous, face concave : elytra with 9 strong 
striag on each, the suture thickly clothed with short yellowish 
hairs, forming an obscure oblong spot towards the base : legs 
sometimes inclining to castaneous, with the tips of the tibiae of 
a brighter colour ; antennae and tarsi ochreous, the latter rather 
dull. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



Latreille's essential difference between this genus and Hy- 
lurgus is, that the former has 9-, the latter 8-jointed antennae; 
they are however both 11-jointed, and I doubt very much the 
necessity of separating them. In examining the antennas I 
observed a transverse suture on the 11th joint as indicated in 
the engraving, giving it the appearance of an additional joint; 
and not having been able to discover a labrum, I am disposed 
to believe that the trigonate lobe of the clypeus may supply 
its place. 

These insects, like Scolytus, figured in plate 43, reside 
under the bark of living trees, the beetles eating their way 
through when they hatch: the following are natives of Britain. 

1. H. crenatus Fah. — Panz. 15. 7. — sulcatus Mars. 

I found several on an ash-tree the middle of June at Hen- 
stead in Suffolk ; it is not uncommon in Norfolk and near 
London in August : the Honourable C. A. Harris has met 
with it in some abundance in a decayed ash-tree near Heron 
Court, Hants; and Mr. Dale took a specimen near Sherborne. 

2. H. haemorrhoidalis Mars. — minutus Panz. 15. 11.? 
Said to have been taken near London. 

S"*. H. picipennis Step. 

I observed this species in abundance under the bark of a 
felled tree at Kirkstall Priory near Leeds, in July, but they 
were all dead ; it has occurred also near London. 

3. H. scaber Mars. — Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 522. 

First taken in Kensington Gardens, and afterwards by Mr. 
A. Mathews in his garden at Turnham Green in July ; it has 
also been found in Surrey. 

4. H. Fraxini Fab. — Panz. 66. 15. — varius Mars. — griseus 

and rufescens Mars. vais. 

Marsham seems to have described 2 varieties of this variable 
insect, as distinct species. It inhabits the ash and is very 
common in Norfolk on the bark of that tree, also on paling, 
timber near saw-pits, &c. ; it usually flies in the sun in the 
warm days of spring. 

The Cleoni/mus maculipennis {pi. 194.) is parasitic on this 
species, as noticed in folio 507. 

5. H.furcatus Mars. p. 55. n. 13. 

Some suppose this to be also a small variety of the last. 

6. H. coadunatus Mars. 58. 20. 

Taken by Mr. Ingpen under the bark of rails near Sydenham. 

7. H. sericeus Mars. 55. 12. 

Found in the neighbourhood of London. 

For specimens of the Mountain Pink [Dianthus ca:sius) I 
am indebted to John Queckett, Esq., of Langport. 



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104. 
HYLURGUS PINIPERDA. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Bostricidas Lat.^ Leach. 

Tijpe of the Genus Dermestes piniperda Linn. 

Hylurgos Lat., Leach. Hylesinus Fab. Bostrichus Fab. Scolytus 
Oliv., Lat. Ips De G., Mars. Dermestes Linn. 
Antennic short, clavate, pilose, inserted in a fissure on each side 
the head, before the eyes, 1 1 -jointed, 1st joint very long, bent, 
clavate, 2nd globose, 3rd small, cup-shaped, 4 following trans- 
verse, the last being the broadest, to which is attached an ovate, 
globular, pubescent club, composed of 4 distinct joints (fig. 6), 
Labnim minute, emarginate, ciliated (1). 

Mandibles small, trigonate, acute, with 2 teeth on the internal 
edge (2). 

MaxillcE horny, short, obtuse, armed internally with spinous 
bristles and pilose externally. Palpi very short, 3-jointed (3). 
Mentum obovate, hairy. Palpi much longer than the maxillary, 
slightly pilose, robust, 3-jointed, 1st joint the largest, 3rd the 
smallest. Lip small, ciliated (4). 
Head globular, slightly produced anteriorly. Eyes small, elongated. 
Thorax cylindric-ovate. Abdomen cijlindric. Scutellum indistinct. 
Wings 2, Tibiae compressed, dilated towards their apex, uncinated 
internally, and bidentate on the external, edge. Tarsi inserted close 
to the internal angle of the tibiae, o-jointed, 2 first joints short, 3rd 
bilobed, 4th very minute, 5th elongate-truncate. Claws simple (o, 
afore leg). 

Piniperda Linn. Syst. Nat. 2. 562. 9. Fab. Ent. Syst. v. 1. pars 2. 
p. 367. n. 17. Mars. Ent. Brit. 57. 18. 

Black, shining, slightly pubescent. Head and thorax rather 
minutely punctured, the former with a short ridge between the 
antennae, the latter narrowed anteriorly. Elytra a little broader 
than the thorax, somewhat rugose with 9 minutely punctured 
striae producing lines of hair, the interstices irregularly punc- 
tured. Antennae and tarsi ferruginous. 
Var. b. Elytra rufous. 

d. B. testaceus Fab. Ent. Syst. v. 1. pars 2. p. 367. n. 18. 
Eyes blackish. Head and thorax dull and pale ferruginous. 
Elytra, antennae and legs ochraceous. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



We have already given in folio 43 some account of an insect 
that is very destructive to the Elm, and the present paper re- 
lates to another beetle of the same family, no less injurious to 
the young pines (both Pinus sylvestris and P. Strohus) by de- 
stroying their leading shoots. 



The following observations upon Hyliirgus 'pinijperda and 
the drawings illustrating its economj' were communicated by 
my kind friend John Lindley, Esq., and I have only to regret 
that the limits of the work will not allow of their beino; sriven 

o o 

complete. 

" For the purpose of observing its proceedings more nar- 
rowly, I placed a shoot of the Scotch Fir under a glass with 
the insect. In about three hours after, it had just begun to 
pierce the bark at the base of one of the leaves ; its mandibles 
seemed chiefly employed, its legs being merely used as a means 
of fixing itself more firmly. Four hours after, its head and 
thorax were completely buried in the shoot, and it had thrown 
out a quantity of wood which it had reduced to a powder, and 
which nearly covered the bottom of the glass. In 16 hours 
more it was entirely concealed and was beginning to form its 
perpendicular excavation, and was busily employed in throw- 
ing back the wood as it proceeded in destroying it : there were 
evidently two kinds of this sawdust, part consisting of shape- 
less lumps, but the greater pox'tion of very thin semi-trans- 
parent lamellae or rather shavings, which under a strong lens 
exhibited the appearance shown at F. I now examined it 
every day till the 5th, when I found it had emerged through 
the central buds at about an inch from where it had first com- 
menced. 

" A, B, C, D, E, are longitudinal sections of the shoots of 
the Scotch Fir with the various perforations of the insects ; 
a, where it commences ; b, the aperture which it makes after 
it has finished its excavation; c, the end of the 1st and the 
beffinninjT of its 2nd excavation." 

There are 8 or 10 British species of this genus, most of 
which are found in June, July, and August, under the bark 
of trees ; amongst which are 

1. Hylurgus piniperda Linn. — Mars. p. 57. n. IS. 

2. rufus Ma7's. 57. 19. 

3. obscurus Mars. 51. 17. 

4. piceus Mars. 58. 21. 

5. angustatus Gyll. — ater Mars. 59. 25. 

6. rhododactylus Mars. 58. 22. 

7. ater Fab. — niger Mars. 59. 24. 

8. Boleti Mars. 59. 27. 



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7GG. 
BARIS ANALIS. 

Order Coleoptera. Fam. Curculionidae. Cholides Sclion, 
Type of the Genus, Rhynchsenus ArtemisicS Fab. 

Baris Germ.,Dej., Curt. — BaridiusSc/zow. — RhyncheenusFffJ., Gt/Il. 
— Curculio Linn., Mars. 

Antenna inserted in a groove on each side of the rostrum, to- 
Avards the apex (7), about the length of the whole head, geni- 
culated, 12-jointed, basal joint long and clavate, but not reach- 
ing the eyes, 2nd rather long and stout, 3rd slender, elongate- 
obovate, 5 following pilose, globose-quadrate, increasing in 
size, the remainder forming a stout, ovate-conic, pubescent 
club, the 9th joint being very large, the remainder transverse, 
the apical one very small (6). 

Mandibles subtrigonate, the apex bifid, with a shoulder beneath 
and a notch outside (2). 

Maxilla small and slender, with an elongated lobe, ovate at the 
apex and ciliated. Palpi short, but extending beyond the lobe, 
triarticulate, 2 basal joints subglobose, 3rd minute and ovate 
(3). 

Mentum scutiform, with a long bristle near each angle. Palpi 
small, triarticulate, basal joint subquadrate, apparently with a 
long bristle at the apex, 2nd ovate, 3rd very minute (4). 
Head short, rostrum long, curved, stoutish, ivith a deep narrow groove 
on each side, someivhat beneath, extending nearly to the base : eyes 
immersed, remote above, but somewhat approximating beneath (7 head 
of B. analis). Thorax ovate-quadrate, twice as broad as the head 
at the base, with a fovea in front of the pectus : scutel minute. 
Elytra elliptic, convex but depressed, scarcely broader than the tho- 
rax, apex rounded. Wings ample. Legs equal, anterior coxje re- 
mote : thighs incrassated in the middle, tiotched beneath towards the 
apex : tibise stoutish, tapering to the base, the apex with a claiv on 
the inside, smallest in the hinder pair .• tarsi attached to the outside, 
broad and 5 -jointed, spongy beneath, basal joint elongate-clavate, 
27id obtrigonate, 3rd large, hilobed, 4th minute, 5th long, slender 
and clavate : c\av\is stout and acute (5, a fore leg). 



Analis Oliv. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 337. 

Deep slate-black, slightly glossy : rostrum and head sparingly 
punctured: thorax quadrate-semiovate, very strongly punctured, 
with a smooth line down the back : elytra ferruginous beyond 
the middle, with 9 strong sharp furrows on each, with minute 
punctures on the interstices, and a series of white hairs on each : 
legs punctured, with minute wliite hairs ; hooks of tibiae ferru- 
ginous. 

In Mr. Rudd's Cabinet. 

204. 



Not having had the opportunity of carefully studying the sy- 
stematic arrangement of Schonherr, I should not be warranted 
in criticising his labours. I shall therefore merely remark, 
with regard to the present genus, that he has placed the divi- 
sion Cholides, to which Bans belongs, between his Erirhinides 
(vide pi. 634) and his Cryptorhynchides (Acalles, pi. 550), 
instead of connecting it with Calandra as it generally has been. 
Baris being the original name given to this group by 
Germar, it is much to be regretted that Schonherr should have 
changed it in his work to Haridius, encumbering science with 
an useless name and depriving one of our veteran entomolo- 
gists of his just reward. The following are British species : 

* Antennce inserted at the middle of the rostrum ; 2>rd joint 

elongated. 

1 . T — album Linn. — Atriplicis Payk. — Oliv. 5. No. 83. t. 27. 
J". 404. — pilistriatus Kirb. var. — hypoleucus Mars. 

March, in moss, Battersea fields ; end of May, on rushes 
in meadows and in hedges, Norfolk and Suffolk, J. C ; So- 
merset and Bristol ; on Erica tetralix, Crwmlyn bog, Mr. 
Dillwyn. 

** Antennce inserted beyond the middle ; 3rd joint short. 

2. Artemisiae Fab. — Panz. 18. 10. — laticollis Mars. 

May and June, on Artemisia vidgaris, Essex ; I have taken 
it also in Suffolk, on sandy banks. 

3. impunctatus Kirb. — Step. — Schm. — cyaneus Curt. 
Suffolk and in the neighbourhood of London : my speci- 
mens I received from the late Mr. E. Hobson of Manchester. 

4. analis Oliv. — Curt. Brit. Ent.pl. 766. 

This valuable acquisition was only recorded as an inha- 
bitant of the south of France, Italy and Dalmatia, until the 
specimen figured was captured near Ryde in thelsle of Wight, 
in June, by the Rev. G. T. Rudd. 

5. picicornis Mars. p. 276. 115. — Lepidii MiXll. — Scho. 

Not uncommon at Gravesend ; I once found several speci- 
mens at Earlham in Norfolk, in the flowers of Reseda lutea^ 
pi. 48, the end of June. 

Rhyneolus and Mecinus, which I formerly included with 
Baris, are undoubtedly distinct genera. 

The plant is Chrysocoma Liyiosyris^ Goldylocks, from Berry- 
head, Torbay, for which I am indebted to Mrs. Griffiths, of 
Torquay, and S. H. Haslam, Esq. 



^9 









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7i 



59. 
COSSONUS TARDII. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Curculionidae Lat.^ Leach. 

Type of the Genus * Curculio linearis Fab. 

CossoNUS Clairv., Fab., Lat. Curculio Fab., Payk., Herbst. 

AntenncB inserted in the centre of a fissure on each side 
towards the extremity of the rostrum in both sexes in the type, 
and in the male alone in C. Tardii (f. 7), and near the base of 
the rostrum at the posterior extremity of the fissure in the fe- 
male (f. 8) 3 as long as the rostrum, geniculated, composed 
of 9 joints, pubescent, hairy, excepting the 1st joint which is 
long and smooth, '2nd and 3rd a little longer than the 5 following 
which are very short, club somewhat conic probably 3 -jointed 
(fig. 6). 
Labrum none. 

Mandibles irregular in form, somewhat acute at the apex, with 
one or two teeth on the internal edge (2). 

MaxillcE short, somewhat acute at the apex which is coriaceous, 
•with a row of strong obtuse curved bristles on the internal edge : 
Palpi short, 4-jointed, 1st joint very robust, 4th small, cylindric, 
truncated (3). 
Mentum short, narrowed at the base : Palpi 3-jointed, truncated 

(4). 
Head produced into a rostrum which is dilated and depressed at the 
apex in both sexes in the type, and in the male alone in C. Tardii (7), 
and cylindric in the female of that species (8). Eyes scarcely pro- 
minent. Thorax broad, very much narrowed anteriorly, more or 
less depressed. Abdomen very much elongated, somewhat cylindric, 
depressed. Elytra entirely covering the body. Scutellum minute. 
Legs rather short. Thighs robust, notched beneath towards the apex. 
Tibiae compressed, uncinated externally at the apex. I'arsi attached 
to the internal surface of the tibice, 4-jointed, \st and Ath joints 
longer than the others, 3rd cordate or bifid (o afore leg). 



Takdii Vigors's MSS. 

Blackish, somewhat castaneous, rougli, glossy. Head punctured, 
with a foveola between the eyes. Rostrum covered with large 
punctures, and a channel between the antennae in the male j 
smooth in the female. Thorax deeply and closely punctured, 
smooth down the centre, with a transverse impressed line near 
the anterior margin. Elytra with about 10 deeply punctured 
striae on each, the surface between rugose. Antennae and legs 
castaneous, the former with the club very pubescent, the latter 
punctured, having a few short close hairs. — Some specimens are 
much more castaneous than otl>ers, and they frequently are not 
more than half the size of that figured. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Vigors and the Author. 



* The (li-.si'ctli)ii^ .;ri.' made I'roin ('us.ioiiiis 'l\mlU. 



The genus Cossonus was established by Clairville in the 1st 
volume of his excellent work " Entomologie Helvetique" where 
he has given C. linearis as the type of the genus : the diiferent 
situation of the antennae, as well as the form of the rostrum 
in the female of C. Tardii, are such marked differences as 
entitle it to be distinguished from the others, as a division if 
not as a genus. 

I have great pleasure in adopting the specific name pro- 
posed by Mr. Vigors in honour of his friend James Tardy, 
Esq., of Dublin, to whom I have to acknowledge my obliga- 
tions for specimens of this fine Cossonus^ taken by himself and 
Mr. Vigors in July 1822, near Powerscourt waterfall, county 
of Wicklow, Ireland, under the bark of decayed hollies : it 
appears, like all wood-feeding insects, to be extremely local ; 
for Mr. Tardy in a letter says, " I have in vain sought for it 
in places abounding as much in holly and in similar situations 
in the same county." A slimy exudation, similar to that seen 
where the Nitidulcje reside, was observed on the spots inhabited 
by the Cossonus. 

The other species, which is an inhabitant of our own island, 
C. linearis F., has been found in Windsor Forest, and also in 
the neighbourhood of Fulham, where in June last Mr. Vigors 
captured a large quantity in the stump of a willow-tree: 
Mr. Howard Sims also took some specimens out of an old 
elm-tree, many years since, near Epping, Essex ; these speci- 
mens Mr. Stephens suspected to be a new species, which he 
named C. elongatus, but from their mutilated state it is a dif- 
ficult point to decide. 

The plant figured, to which the insect is attached, is Ilex 
Aquifolium (Holly-tree). 



62y 





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627. 
GYMNtETRON GRAMINIS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Curculionidae. Cionides 5t7/c;. 

Type of the Genus, Curculio Beccabungae Linn. 

Gymn^tron Scho. — Miarus Schi). — Cionus Germ. — Cleopus Meg., 
Curt. — Rhynchsenus Fab., Gyll. — Curculio Linn., Mars. 
Antenna inserted in lateral grooves at the middle of the rostrum, 
as long as the head, geniculated, 10-jointed, basal joint long 
and clavate, 2nd and 3rd elongated pear-shaped, of equal length, 
the former the stoutest, 3 following short, more or less oblong, 
the 6th being stoutest and cup-shaped, the remainder forming 
an oval conical club, 7th joint long ovate-truncate, 8th trans- 
verse, 9th semiconic, 10th undiscovered (6). 
Mandibles bidentate at the apex, w^ith a protuberance below on 
the inner margin (*2). 

Maxill<E rounded and cihated inside. Palpi very short and tri- 
articulate ? basal joint transverse, 2nd cup-shaped, 3rd ovate (3). 
Mentum elongated, nearly linear, concave before. Palpi very 
minute, composed of 2 oblong joints, 2nd the slenderest and 
ovate (4). 
Rostrum inflected, nearly as long as the thorax, slender and but slightly 
curved, the sides grooved at the base : head globose, inserted up to 
the eyes which are lateral (7). Thorax short, broad and hemisphe- 
rical : pectus grooved: scutel minute, subovate. Elytra ovate, 
slightly depressed, the apex truncated but rounded and not covering 
the pygidium. Wings ample. Legs short : thighs clavate, notched 
towards the apex, forming in the hinder pair a short tooth (5 f) .• 
tibiae slightly bent, with an internal hook at the apex, largest in the 
anterior pair : tarsi 4-jointed, spongy beneath, 2 basal joints obtri- 
gonate, 3rd bilobed, 4th clavate: claws small (5). Obs. the dis- 
sections and description are from G. graminis. 



Graminis Gyll. 3. 210. 120.— Cwr^. Guide, Gen. 340. 6. 

Black, very thickly punctured and clothed with fine short pu- 
bescence, giving an ochreous tinge : thorax suborbicular, trun- 
cated before and behind, broadest at the base, the hairs by 
meeting forming a ridge down the middle : scutel white : elytra 
convex, a little depressed before, with ten strong black shining 
channels on each : hinder thighs with a tooth beneath ; all the 
tibiae with a claw at the apex, largest in the anterior pair. 
In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



The genus Cleopus, which was adopted in the Guide, has been 
superseded by Schoenherr, and formed into tlie following sec- 
tions. 

* Rostrum filiform : elytra subovate, convex : pygidium 
scarcely hidden by the elytra. 

1. Beccabungae Linn. F. S. 607. — VeronicEe Ger?n. var. Dull 
feiTuginous ; head, rostrum and thorax blackish, sides of the latter grey 
with pubescence ; scutel white, suture dark : 1^ line long. 



June, on the Ferofiica Beccabunga (pi. 236) and other aquatic 
plants, Norfolk, Suffolk, and near London, 

** MiAKUS Scho. Rostrum filiform, immersed in a pectoral 
channel: elytra flattish, subquadrate: pygidium exposed. 

2. Campanulas L. S. N. 2. 607. 7.— acephalus Mar. 271. 102. 

Like No. 3, but smaller ; the thighs are not dentated, the apex of the 
abdomen is bidentate in the male and foveolated in the female. 

Mr. Stephens, who possesses the Marshamian collection, 
placed the C acephalus in the wrong genus in his Syst. Cat., 
which caused an error in the Guide, of which he complains. 

Found in June in the flowers of Campanula rotundifolia (pi. 
324) and C. glomerata (pi. 85), on the Devil's Ditch, Newmar- 
ket Heath, J. C; and on Hypochceris maculata by the Rev. L. 
Jenyns : end of July, Blandford race-course and Parley, Mr. 
Dale, and near Swansea, Mr. Dillwyn. 

3. graminis Gyll. — Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 627. 

I am almost disposed with Paykull to consider this the fe- 
male of No. 2., with which I have more than once found it. 
June, grass, sides of fields near Cambridge and round London. 

*** Rhinusa Kirb. Rostrum free, often attenuated towards 
the apex: elytra slightly depressed, subquadrate; shoulders 
somewhat prominent anteriorly : pygidium exposed. 

4. Antirrhini Payk. — Mars. 264. 80. Black, punctured, and spa- 

ringly clothed with short ochreous hairs, forming series between the 
channels on the elytra: rostrum short, straight, thick and attenuated; 
thighs unarmed : H line. 
Common in Norfolk and Suffolk in the flowers oi Antirrhi- 
num Linaria (pi. 64); Dover, beginning of September. 

5. intaminatUS Kirb. MSS. Elongate-ovate, black, shining, pimctured, 

slightly pubescent ; rostrum short and stout, apex attenuated ; funicu- 
lus castaneous ; elytra with narrow channels and series of punctures 
between them, thighs unarmed : nearly 1 line. 

August, Norf., SufF., the Isle of Wight, and near London. 

6. Linarise & teter Panz. 26. 18. Black, subdepressed, sparingly 

clothed with cinereous pubescence ; rostrum thickish, very curved ; 
antenna short, thick; thighs indistinctly dentate: 1-J- line. 
Norfolk, on Antirr. Linaria, at the roots of which it is said by 
Panzer to undergo its metamorphoses in a gall-shaped cocoon. 

7. tricolor Mars. 259. 65. — labilis Herb. Subcylindric, black, punc- 

tured, sparingly clothed with short rigid hairs:, antenna; short, ferru- 
ginous, the scape scarcely longer than the 2nd joint, club black; rostrum 
short and cylindric ; elytra with a spot on each at the base and apex, 
an oblique band beyond the middle and the costa rufous ; legs ferru- 
ginous, thighs black, angulated beneath : 1 line. 
June, off a willow, Knaresborough, J. C, and Mr. Walton 
took several; amongst short grass, Norf., SufF., and N.Wales. 
C. Nasturtii is included in this genus by Mr. Stephens, but its 
7-jointed funiculus shows that it does not belong to theCionides. 

The Plant is Campanula Trachelium, Nettle-leaved Bell- 
flower. 



2^9. 




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7- 1^30 
292. 

MONONYCHUS PSEUDACORI. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Curculionidae Lat,, Leach. 

Type of the Genus, Rhynchsenus Pseudacori Fab. 

MoNONYCHUS Schupp., Germ., Schon. — Rhynchsenus Fab., Oliv. — 
Falciger Dej. 

AntenncE inserted on each side the rostrum a little before the 
middle, rather short slender pubescent and geniculated j 12- 
jointed, basal joint not very long, clavate, 2nd pear-shaped, 
rather longer and more robust than the 6 following, the 3rd very 
slender, the 5 following slightly increasing in size, the 9th and 
remainder forming a fusiform-oval club, the apical joint being 
very minute (6). 
Labrum none. 

Mandibles forming 2 large teeth at the apex and a small one on 
the inside towards the base (2). 

MaxillcB short forming one large ciliated lobe. Palpi extending 
beyond the apex of the lobe, robust, composed of 3 subquadrate 
joints and terminated by a minute one (3). 
Mentum elongated, narrowed at the base. Lip ovate, coriaceous 
at the base, membranous at the apex, producing 2 bristles on 
each side. Palpi inserted near the middle, short, triarticulate, 
basal joint subquadrate furnished with 2 bristles, 2nd short cup- 
shaped, 3rd very minute (4). 
Rostrum elongated, slightly arcuated and cylindrical, bent close to the 
sternum when at rest. Eyes lateral, rotundate, not prominent (7). 
Thorax triangular-truncate, posterior margin convex. Scutellum 
triangular and acuminated. Elytra shorter than the Abdomen, 
subquadrate and compressed behind the scutellum. Wings ample. 
Thighs clavate with a slight notch beneath, near the apex. Tibiae 
somewhat compressed, emarginate externally towards the apex. Tarsi 
spongy beneath, 4-jointed, Island 2ndjoints of equal size, semi- ovate, 
3rd forming two perfect lobes, 4th slender, subclavate, with a simple 
Claw to each foot (5). 



PsEUDAcoKi Fab. Ent. Syst. v. 1. pars 2. p. 408. n. 61. 

Black, slightly glossy, punctured all over. Head hollowed be- 
tween the eyes, with a few ferruginous scales at the base of the 
rostrum, the antennae, excepting the club, of the same colour. 
Thorax ochreous on the sides, with a large channel down the 
back. Elytra with an ochreous oblong spot behind the scutel- 
lum, 10 clean-cut punctured striae on each, 2 of them passing 
round a protuberance near the apex. Underside clothed with 
yellowish shining scales ; the Tarsi beneath ochreous. 
In the Author's Cabinet. 



MoNONYCHUS, as the name implies, has but one claw to each 
tarsus, — a remarkable character which I believe will distinguish 
it from all other Curculionidae. In stature and appearance 
our genus resembles the Ceutorhynchi ; but, independent of 
the single claws, the antennae are inserted before the middle, 
and the tibiae are notched and somewhat spined towards the 
apex. 

For the first specimens I possessed of this insect, I was in- 
debted to Mrs. Griffiths of Torquay, Devon; and this autumn, 
when botanizing in the Isle of Wight, I discovered its habitat 
and oeconomy. 

By the name assigned to it by Fabricius, we should expect 
to find it attached to the Iris Pseudacorus : whether such be 
the case I am unable to say, but all that I found were amongst 
the seeds of the Iris Jbetidissima : some capsules contained 
two beetles, in which instances there were two seeds excavated, 
like the one represented in the plate. Some seeds also con- 
tained a maggot, others a pupa. 

It is somewhat singular that not one beetle could be found 
upon the leaves or stalks of the Iris, every specimen being in- 
closed with the seeds in the capsule ; but what is still more re- 
markable, the perfect insects appear at the period when the seeds 
are ripe. Where then do they deposit their eggs ? the beetles 
must either remain during the winter buried with the seeds 
amongst the herbage, or, what is equally probable, some of 
them may remain in the larva and pupa states until the spring; 
and although the Iris does not flower till June, its conspicuous 
capsule may be easily perforated at that, or even an earlier 
period. I trust that these observations will incite inquiry, to 
ascertain whether the beetles can be found depositing their 
eggs in the capsule of our plant, and also whether it can be 
detected on the Iris Pseudacori. 

The flower of Iris fcetidissima (called Gladwyn and Roast- 
beef Plant) has been figured in pi. 131, and the handsome 
opening capsule is now represented. It is a local plant, but is 
abundant on the under-cliff' at the back of the Isle of Wight, 
atDartford in Kent, the bath-hills near Bungay, Suffolk, &c.; 
and any discoveries relating to the insect might be made 
known through the medium of Mr. Loudon's valuable Maga- 
zine of Natural History. 



670 





4 




;/^ ml 

670. 

CEUTORHYNOHUS GERANIL 

The Geranium Weevil, 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Curculionidae. 

Type of the Genus, Curculio Geranii Payk. 

Ceutorhynchus Schiip., Germ., Schon., Curt. — Coeliodes, Nedyus, 
Poophagus and Rhinoncus Schon. — Campylirhynchus Meg. — 
Falciger Meg. — Rhynchaenus Fab., Gyll. 

AntenncE inserted at the middle of the rostrum, on each side, 
rather short, slender, geniculated, slightly pilose, 12-jointed, 
basal joint elongated, clavate, 2nd short obovate, 3rd slender 
and longer than the 2nd or following, 4th and 5tli elongate- 
ovate, 3 following ovate, 8th the stoutest, 9th saucer- shaped, 
the remainder forming an ovate conic-club, 10th large and cup- 
shaped, 11th smaU and saucer- shaped, 12th minute, ovate (6). 
Mandibles subtrigonate, notched externally, with a trigonate 
tooth at the apex and a larger one on the inside (2). 
MaxiUce forming a rounded and very hairy lobe, densely ciliated. 
Palpi short and 4-jointed ? basal joint cup-shaped,2nd and 3rd 
short, more ring-shaped, 4th small, ovate -truncate (3). 
Mentum orbicular, concave before. Lip small and ovate. Palpi 
minute, triarticulate, 2 basal joints bowl-shaped, 1st the largest, 
3rd very small and ovate (4). 
Yie^A globose (7), nutant, not immersed to the eyes; rostrum consi- 
derably longer than the head, filiform, a little curved, received into a 
groove^ in the breast : eyes lateral, remote and ovate. Thorax sub- 
ovate-truncate, anterior margin narroio and reflexed, the base bi- 
sinuated, with spines or tubercles on the back or sides ; scutel con- 
cealed in a deep channel. Elytra broad, short, orbicular or ovate, 
scabrous, truncated at the base, the shoulders prominent, covering the 
abdomen, excepting the pygidium : wings ample. Legs moderately 
long and stout, nearly equal, anterior the most approximating : thighs 
compressed, with a tooth beneath : tibiae clavate, with an external 
blunt tooth towards the apex, where it is serrated with bristles and 
truncated: tarsi spongy beneath, quudriarticulate, 2 basal joints ob- 
trigonate, Srd bilobed, 4th small, clavate : claws small, bifid at the 
apex (5, afore leg). 



Geranii Payk. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 345. 1. 

Black, shining, strongly and thickly punctured, excepting the 
apex of the rostrum ; sparingly clothed with short rigid hairs ; 
thorax with a short tooth on each side near the middle : elytra 
with 10 deep punctured striae on each, the insterstices flat, with 
a row of tubercles, each terminated by a short hair ; underside 
clothed with white scales ; all the thighs with a small tooth 
beneath and all the tibiae with a bristly tooth outside. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 

Fhe extensive group termed Ceutorhynchus having been formed 
nto several genera by Schonherr, I introduced all that were 



published into my new " Guide," and shall here give their 
characters. 

* AntenncE l2-juinted, 
C(ELTODES. Rostrum long : yectoral channel for 7-eceiving it 
reaching to the intermediate coxa : tibia with a tooth outside. 

1. Geranii Payk. — Curt. Brit. Etit.pl. 670. 
The end of June I observed many specimens at Giggleswick 
eating the petals of Geranium sanguineum ; Mr. Walton took 
it in plenty on G. pratense at Knaresborough, and Mr. Dale 
at Ambleside. 

4. Quercus Herb. Col. 6. pi. 92. f. 7. May, on oaks, Norfolk. 

Ceutorhynchus. Rostrum long; pectoral channel for receiving 

it not extending beyond the anterior coxa : tibia simple. 
13. Asperifoliarum Gyl. 3. 221. 128. 

1 1th June in a wood near Norbury Park, in abundance on 
Cynoglossum sylvaticiun, Mr. Walton. 
16. litura Payk.— Gyl. 3. 222. 129. 

May, on thistles, Norfolk ; Sept. flying, at Durnford. 
19. Eric£e Gyl. 3. 147. 69. 

16th August in abundance on heath, ascending the Fairy 
Hills near Brodick in Arran ; Parley and Nighton Heaths. 
32. Chrysanthemi Germ. — rugulosus Gyl. 3. 231. \2>6.var.c. 

11th June in abundance in grassy fields at Mickleham. 

PoopHAGUS Schon. Body somcdchat elongated atid depressed, 
35. Nasturtii Spence. — Step. Ill.pl. 20./ 1. 

First discovered near Hull by Mr. Spence, and by Mr. Wal- 
ton near Knaresborough, on Nasturtium ojficinale the end of 
last June and beginning of July. 

Rhinoncus Schon. Rostrum short and stout. 

47. Pericarpius Linn.— Gyl. 3. 157. 78. — Herb. pi. 91. f. 12. 
May, Coomb Wood, on docks^ and thistles, and in the pe- 
ricarp of a Scrophtdaria. 

48. Castor Fab. — leucostigma Mar. 255. 51. 

May, Thetford and ToUsbury, Essex, in corn fields. 
346"^. Anoplus Schup. Tarsi with the claws wanting. 
60. plantaris Gyl. 3. 252. 152. — brevis Mars. 265. 

July, on alders and birch in Norfolk, also in Coomb and 
Darent Woods. 

** Antenna 11 -jointed. 

346^^. Pachyrhinus. Rostrum short and thick. 
56. Comari Gyl.— Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 558. 

346^. Amalus Schon. Rostrum elongated and slender. 
63. Scortillum Herb.pl. 92./. 13.— inflexus Mars. 253. 43. 

May, hedges in Norfolk; Wrentham, Suffolk; and Batter- 
sea-fields. 

For specimens of the beautiful Geranium phaum, Dusky 
Crane's-bill, I am indebted to J. Walton, Esq., who gathered 
them near Knaresborough. 





/ 






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n 



558. 
PACHYRHINUS COMARL 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Curculionidae. — Erirhinides Scho. 

Type of the Geiius, Curculio Comari Herbst. 
Pachyrhintjs Kirby. — Hydaticus Scho. — Rhynchsenus Gyl. — Ceu- 
torhynchus Germ., Curt. 

Antennce inserted in a lateral groove a little beyond the middle 
of the rostrum, longer than the head, geniculated, capitate and 
11-jointed, basal joint not half the length of the remainder, 
stout and narrowed at the base, 2nd shorter, but longer and 
stouter than the 6 following, 3rd and 4th slender and ovate, 3 
following globose, 8th stouter and cup-shaped, with longish 
hairs, the remainder forming a pubescent, ovate-conic club, 9th 
joint the largest, 11th small (6). 

Mandibles subovate, concavo-convex, external margin notched, 
one a little sinuated internally (2). 

MaxillcE short, the internal margin partially ciliated, and fur- 
nished with several hooked spines. Palpi short, composed of 
4 short joints, gradually decreasing in size, cup-shaped, the ter- 
minal joint small and ovate (3). 

Mentum ? obovate. Palpi as long as the mentum, triarticulate, 
basal joint the largest, ovate, 2nd subquadrate, 3rd small sub- 
ovate (4), 
Rostrum short, thick and a little curved : head subglobose : eyes rather 
small remote and orbicular. (7, upper side of head.) Thorax trans- 
verse, narrowed before, slightly tuberculated behind and bisinuated. 
Scutellum very minute. Elytra ovate-convex, truncated at the base, 
and not covering the apex of the abdomen. Wings ample. Legs not 
short and rather slender, anterior approximating : thighs somewhat 
inflated, with the apex a little capitate : tibiae nearly straight and 
slightly clavate, the apex furnished with spiny bristles: tarsi jmbe- 
scent beneath, 4-jointed, two first joints obtrigonate, basal one a little 
longer than the 2nd, 2rd bilobed, 4th slender and clavate : claws 
small curved and acute (5, afore leg). 



CoMARi Gyll. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 345. w. 56. 

Black, clothed with gray and other scales and strongly punctured; 
yellowish-white beneath ; rostrum variegated with gray scales ; 
thorax with a large black space at the base, with a pointed 
tubercle on each side, a shallow channel and pale line down the 
centre, the sides with large patches of brown and pale yellow ; 
elytra punctured and deeply striated, variegated with numerous 
gray spots of scales, forming a long spot doM^n the base of the 
suture and several interrupted fasciae ; antennae castaneous, 
basal joint the brightest, club gray with pubescence at the apex; 
tips of thighs, tibiae and tarsi castaneous. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



I HAVE restored my friend Mr. Kirby's name, for independ- 
ently of its having been long given to this group, Schonherr's 
is preoccupied by a genus of the Dyticidae. The very thick 
proboscis and short basal joint of the antennae are characters 
to distinguish Pachyrhinus, which contains the following spe- 
cies, all of which, excepting No. 3, have been taken in the 
vicinity of London : some are attached to sandy wastes, and 
others are found on marsh or subaquatic plants. 

1. P. leucogaster Mars. ]). 253. 45. — asperatus Gjjll. v. 4. 583. 

Piceous-black, above cinereous, white with scales be- 
neath, legs testaceous, variegated with fuscous, thorax 
bituberculated, elevated and ferruginous before, elytra 
scarcely tuberculated. Gi/U. 
May, hedges, Somersetshire, &c. 

2. rufescens Step. III. v. 4. 7?. 50. 

Dull pitchy-red, cinereous beneath, thorax with a white 
dorsal channel, elytra broad immaculate, base of the su- 
ture white, antennae and legs reddish-piceous : length 1^ 
to ]i lines. Step. 
Taken in Somersetshire, &c. 

3. Comari Herb. — Curt. Brit.Ent.pl. 558. 

Mr. Kirby took a specimen on the plant figured by the 
Moore's river, Hants, July 6th, 1821, and I believe Mr. Dale 
has captured it at Hurne and in the New Forest; Mr. Skrim- 
shire has also observed it at Barnham in Norfolk. 

4. quadridentatus Step. III. 4. 51. 

Black, above cinereous, white with scales beneath, thorax 
obscurely channelled, with 4 acute tubercles, tibiae rufous: 
length li line. Step. 
Taken in the New Forest. 

5. quadrinodosus Gyll.3. 155.76. — mucronulatus Gfr?w. 239. 

369. 

Black, base of suture and abdomen white with scales, legs 
rufous, thorax deeply punctate, the elytra tuberculated. 
Gyll. 
From the vicinity of Bristol. 

6. Myriophylli Gyll. 3. 152. 73.— Hydrolapathi Step. 

Somewhat depressed, opake black, beneath densely scaly, 
white, above smoky, scaly, sprinkled with white, legs tes- 
taceous, thorax uneven, tuberculated. Gjjll. 
Inhabits Myriophyllum spicatum. Taken on the Water- 
Dock at Newcastle by Mr. Wailes. 

The Plant is Comarum palustre (Marsh Cinquefoil.) 



LiiV 




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1^-1 1 35' 
550. 

ACALLES ROBORIS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Curculionidte, 

Cryptorhynchldae Scho. 

Type of the Genus, Curculio Ptinoides Marsh. 

AcALLES Schb. — Tylodes Scho., Curt. — Cryptorhynchus Curt. — 

Rhynchaenus Gyll. — Curculio Marsh. 

AntenneB inserted in a groove on the side of the rostrum about 
the middle, geniculated, 12-jointed, basal joint about half the 
length of the remainder, stout and clavate, 2nd and 3rd elongated, 
the former the longest and stoutest, 5 following subquadrate, 
8th the largest and rather funnelshaped, the remainder form- 
ing a short ovate club, pubescent at the apex (6). 
Mandibles somewhat trigonate, convex inside at the base, bifid 
at the apex (2). 

Maxillce produced on the inside and ciliated with stout blunt 
bristles. Palpi short and triarticulate, basal joint stout some- 
what quadrate, 2nd small, 3rd slender and rounded at the apex 
(3). 

Mentum long and narrow, dilated at the base and apex, which 
last is bisinuated. Palpi small and triarticulate, basal joint 
ovate and a little the stoutest, 3rd the smallest (4). 
Rostrum received into a groove in the breast, as far as the anterior 
cox(E ; a little arched and slightly narroioed at the middle : head 
globose but concealed 7iearly to the eyes which are small lateral and 
ovate. Thorax subglobose, truncate at the base, a little produced 
before and sinuated behind the eyes : scutellum none. Elytra con- 
nate, globose, a little tapering to the apex, the sides inclosing the ab- 
domen. Wings none. Legs rather short : thighs rather elongated 
and slightly notched beneath towards the apex: tibiae shorter, notched 
at the apex and producing an incurved spine : tarsi short, 4-jointed, 
basal joint a little longer than the 2nd which is subcordate, 3rd bi- 
lobed, 5th slender and clavate : claws minute curved and acute (5, a 
fore leg). 

RoBORis Curt. MSS. — Guide, Gen. 346. 3. 

Piceous, clothed with cinereous-ochre scales, somewhat erected, 
rostrum naked, shining and ferruginous, base yellow, with scales, 
antennae ferruginous; crown of head blackish, as well as 2 
slightly elevated tufts of scales on the fore part of the thorax, 
the back of which is deeply channelled and flattened, forming a 
subcordate blackish space, elevated in front with 2 spots of ci- 
nereous scales, sides yellow variegated with ochre, with a slight 
tubercle on each beyond the middle : elytra strongly striated 
with deep little fovese, the interstices elevated, especially the 
2nd and 4th at the middle, and the 3rd and 5th at the base and 
towards the apex, forming 6 elevated oblong black spots of 
scales on each, an irregular dark band extends across the mid- 
dle : legs annulated with brown. 

In the Author's Cabinet. 



Tylodes is distinguished from Cryptorhynchus by the ab- 
sence of a scutelliim. It was establislied as a genus by 
SchonheiT in his " Curculionidurn Dispositio Methodica," 
where he characterizes Acalles as a subgenus, which he says 
differs from the former one in the structure of the antennae and 
elytra, and the canal beneath the thorax is more abbre- 
viated. Not seeing the utiHty of giving names to sections so 
slightly different in structure, I adopted in my Guide the name 
of Tylodes, and A. lloboris very much resembling C. Lapatlii 
in form, I included them in the same genus. 
The following are British species of Acalles : 

1. Ptinoides Marsh, p. 258. 59. 

Length 1^ line. Pitchy-castaneous, rugose with large 

punctures, partially filled with ochreous and somewhat 

erected scales, forming 4 indistinct lines on the thorax : 

rostrum, antennae and tarsi castaneous or ferruginous : 

elytra deeply striated, with little foveae, ochreous with 

scales, excepting a fascia across the middle, 2nd and 4th 

striae elevated, with 2 oblong black tufts of scales on each : 

base and a band at the middle of the thighs and tibias 

clothed with ochreous or whitish scales. 

Not uncommon in Norfolk on nettles in hedges in May. 

Mr. Dale has taken it in June and the beginning of October 

at Barton Cliff, Hants, and at Maiden Castle near Dorchester, 

and Mr. Dillwyn near Swansea. 

2. Roboris Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 550 ? . 

The natural size of the female is pretty nearly given below 
the magnified figure, but the male is smaller. I took a pair of 
this curious and rare insect off an Oak-tree in Suffolk the be- 
ginning of June many years since. 

3. globulus Herhst C. 6. 398. 376. tab. 91./ 7. 

*' Black, somewhat opake, dorsal line and sides of breast 
with white scales, elytra globose, deeply sulcated and 
punctured, interstices narrow and crenated." Gi/IL 3. 
235. 138. 
He says it lives in the young shoots of the Trembling Pop- 
lar. 

Mr. Stephens has called it Rutidosoma and Schbnherr pro- 
bably will give it another name. 

For the rare and beautiful Lobelia nrens (Acrid Lobelia) I 
am indebted to B. R. Morris, Esq., who found it near Ax- 
minster. 




6j^ 



678. 
ORCHESTES WALTONI. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Curculionidae. 

Type of the Genus, Curculio Alni Linn. 

Orchestes ///., Oliv., Scho., Curt. — Salius Schr., Germ. — Rhyn- 
chsenus Fab., Gyl. — Curculio Linn., Mars. 
Antenna: generally as long as the rostrum, and inserted in a 
cavity on each side (7), more or less removed from the eyes, 
sometimes near the centre, geniculated, capitate, pilose and 11- 
jointed, basal joint stout, sometimes long and clavate, 2nd half 
as long, thick and clavate, 3rd rather shorter, slender and clavate, 
4th oblong, 3 following obovate, the 7th being stouter and more 
globose, the remainder forming a pubescent ovate- conic club, 
composed of 4 joints, 1st cup-shaped, 2nd as large, 3rd short, 
4th small and semiovate (6). 

Mandibles subtrigonate and tridentate, the upper tooth generally 
the smallest, the lower one sometimes rounded (2). 
Maxilla short and narrow, densely ciliated internally. Palpi 
very short, slender and triarticulate (3) . 

Mentmn long. Lip suborbicular. Palpi minute biarticulate (4). 
Head small ; rostrum inflected, elongated, stout, curved, subcylindric 
(7 ^ pi'ofile) : eyes large, globose, generally approximating in front 
(7). Thorax ovate, the base bisinuated : scutel very minute. Elytra 
often twice as broad as the thorax, elongate-ovate, shoulders promi- 
nent. Wings ample. Legs, anterior approxi7nating, hinder formed 
for leaping : thighs stout, 4 anterior with a minute tooth beneath, 
hinder greatly incrassated, ovate-conic, the margin beneath from the 
end to the apex denticulated and bristly : tibiae, anterior clavate, with 
a minute claw at the apex, intermediate pectinated externally towards 
the apex, with a claw also (5 *) ,• hinder doubly pectinated toivards 
the apex and truncated obliquely (5 f) ; tarsi 4-jointed, hairy beneath, 
basal joint elongate clavate, 2nd shorter somewhat obtrigonate, 3rd 
broad and bilobed, 4th as long as the 1st, slender and clavate : claws 
curved, acute, with a tooth near the base. 



Waltoni Curt. — Guide, Gen. 351. 

Black clothed with short yellowish hairs ; head and thorax 
thickly punctured ; rostrum reaching to the anterior coxse ; eyes 
approximating ; antennae inserted near the base of the rostrum 
(7 and 7 *) ferruginous, club piceous at the apex, basal joint 
obovate, stouter but not longer than the 2nd : funiculus 6- 
jointed ; elytra with 8 punctured furrows on each and minute 
punctures between them ; hinder thighs alone angulated be- 
neath and furnished^with a few short bristles ; tarsi ferruginous, 
piceous at the apex. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Walton and the Author. 



Minute as these insects are, they have the power by the com- 
bined action of myriads to destroy the verdure of the finest 
groves, and to give an autumnal tint even in the commence- 
ment of summer to the green woods which they assail. 



In 1832 Lord Farnham informed me that the Beech trees 
on his estate in Cavan, Ireland, had for the last 3 or 4 years 
suffered, not only in appearance, from the leaves being par- 
tially blighted by a species of these insects (O. Fagi) in June 
and the beginning of July, when they assumed an autumnal 
appearance, but the general health of the trees seemed to be 
considerably impaired. It appeared that on the bud opening 
it was immediately occupied by the Orchestes, which perfo- 
rated the leaves, and to so great an extent that scarcely a tree 
escaped. 

On the 10th of June in the previous year, in a ramble 
through the New Forest, I observed the leaves of the trees 
looked very brown, and those of the Beech were quite blistered, 
which I at first attributed to the severe frost we had in the 
morning of the 6th of May; but on examining them I found a 
larva was inclosed in each leaf, which in a short time changed 
to O. Faf^i; so that at the period Lord Farnham observed it in 
Ireland, this beetle seemed to have been equally abundant in 
England. 

The Elm is equally subject to the attacks of another species, 
which is named, but somewhat improperly, O. Alni. A lady 
sent me some specimens from larvae she detected in the leaves 
of the Elm the end of May and beginning of June; they blis- 
tered the leaves from feeding on the parenchyma in a similar 
way to the other species, and the beetles hatched in June. 

Schiinherr has given the following sections in Orchestes, and 
21 species are recorded in the Guide. 

1. Posterior Jemora denticulated. 
1. Alni Linn. — Doji. Brit. Ins. v. 7. pi. 24^9./. 2. 

9^. Waltoni Curt. Brit. Ent.pl. 678. This undescribed spe- 
cies was found near Knaresborough by J. Walton, Esq., whose 
laboi'ious investigation of the Apions and other Curculio- 
nidae entitle him to the thanks of all entomologists. Several 
specimens were swept off herbage on the sides of ditches the 
beginning of last September. 

2. Posterior thighs unarmed. 

1 1. Salicis Linn. — Avellanae Don. B. I. v. 6. pi. 205. f. 3. 
3. Tachyerges Sch<3. Funiculus'! -jointed: thighs always simple. 
15. Capreae Fab. — Don. 4. \2\.f. 5. 6. 7- — bifasciatus Fah. 

Schcinherr in his characters of this genus does not notice 
the singular pectination of the tibise, and he says the apex is 
720/ uncinated. It appears from his work that great confusion 
has been made in the " Illustrations," several species being 
placed under the wrong divisions; for instance, Mr. Stephens's 
Orchestes decoratus is a Tachyerges, and his T. Salicis and 
Populi are not Tachyerges. Many of the synonyms also are 
incorrect and consequently mislead. 

The Plant is Veronica montana. Mountain Speedwell, com- 
municated by Dr. Brom field. 



J(^^ 





^ 



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562. 

ANTHONOMUS POMORUM. 

The Pear and Apple Weevil. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Curculionidae. — Erirhinides Scho. 

Type of the Genus, Curculio Pomorum Linn. 
Anthonomus Germ., Scho., Dej., Curt. — Pallene Meg. — Rhyn- 
clisenus Fah., Gyll. — Curculio Linn., Marsh. 
Antenna inserted beyond the middle of the rostrum (7), long, 
slender, geniculated and r2-jointed, basal joint equal in length 
to the remainder, clavate, the following pubescent, 2nd elongate- 
clavate, 3rd short obovate, a little longer than the 5 following 
which are nearly globose and gradually increasing in diameter, 
the remainder forming an ovate-conic club, the apical joint being 
the smallest (6). 

Mandibles bidentate, the lower tooth large and curved (2). 
Maxillce furnished with an internal ovate lobe, ciliated with short 
curved spines. Paljn short and triarticulate, two basal joints 
somewhat cup-shaped, 3rd slender and oblong (3). 
Mentuyn linear. Lip semiorbicular, the anterior margin bisi- 
nuated. Palpi short and triarticulate, 2 basal joints cup-shaped, 
3rd subovate (4). 
Head rather small. Eyes small, globose and prominent , placed close to 
the base of the Rostrum which is longer than the thorax, slender 
and a little curved (7, upper side of head and rostrum). Thorax 
subconic, suddenly narrowed before. Scutellum distinct, suborbicular 
and a little convex. Elytra ample, elongate-ovate, twice as broad as 
the thorax, very convex behind. Wings ample. Legs rather long 
and slender, anterior a little the longest and approximating . Thighs 
incrassated but narrowed at the base, with a strong trigonate tooth 
beneath near the apex, largest in the anterior. Tibise a little curved, 
acuminated at the internal angle of the apex, and slightly dilated and 
convex on the inside a little below the middle in the anterior jjair. 
Tarsi 4-jointed, 2 basal joints suhtrigonate, 3rd forming two elon- 
gated lobes, 4th clavate. Claws simple (5, afore leg). 

PoMORUM Linn. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 356, 10. 

Piceous, punctured and clothed with depressed ochreous and 
ferruginous hairs ; antennae ferruginous, excepting the base and 
club ; anterior edge of thorax of same colour, with a pale line 
of hair down the middle ; scutellum white : elytra with punc- 
tured striae, indistinctly tessellated with hairs, having a pale U- 
shaped mark beyond the middle, with a row of white dots on 
the margin, bounded on both sides by a piceous bar, the upper 
one oblique, the hinder one more transverse, apex bright ferru- 
ginous. Legs ferruginous, excepting the middle of the thighs ; 
tarsi dusky as well as the base of the tibise. 

In the Author s and other Cabinets. 



Many of the species of this genus live in their larva state upon 
the flower-buds of fruit-trees, in many instances committing 
such extensive ravages amongst the apple and pear blossoms 
as to destroy the crop. 

The following species have been detected in this country, 
and the three first are distinguished from the remainder by 
the thighs being less distinctly toothed. 

2. A. clavatus Mars. 285. 140. 

3. Rubi Herb. v. 6. tab. 7l.f. 8. — melanopterus Mars. 289. 151. 
Found in Norfolk, inhabiting the Raspberry and Dewberry. 

4-. ater M«r.9. 285. 141. 

Found on Sallows in Norfolk, and probably near Swansea, 
amongst herbage. 

5. obscurus Wil/c. 

June, near London and Bristol, I believe also in Norfolk. 

6. Druparum Linn. — Herb. v. 6. tab. 70. Jl 9. 

Inhabits the Bird Cherry, and is found near London, and in 
Somersetshire. 

7. Pedicularius Li?m. — avarus Fab.? — Druparum Herb. var. 

pi. 70. f. 10. 
A common species among grass in woods, in Norfolk I have 
found it on the Crab-tree when in flower. 

8. fasciatus Mars.2SQ, 144. is probably a variety of the fol- 

lowing. 
June, hedges, Norfolk. " On hedge roses, and particularly 
on the flowers of Rosa spinosissima, on Sketty burrows, not 
uncommon, and I have observed it on the flowers, but not on 
the leaves of Crataegus Oxyacantha." L. W. Dillwyn, Esq., 
Penllergare. 

9. Ulmi DeG. v. 5. pi. 6./. 26 — 30. — Pomorum var. Herb. 

I have met with it in Suffolk, the end of June. It inhabits 
the Elm, in the buds of which tree the larvae live, and may be 
found the end of May. 

10. Pomorum Linn. — Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 562. 

The larvae were found the 8th of May in Pear and Apple 
blossoms, eating out the whole inside, and leaving only the 
petals and calyx : they were observed to be in pupee on the 
21st, and on the 25th they hatched. The beetle hibernates 
under the bark of Apple-trees. 

11. incurvus Pa7iz. 36. 1 7. — fasciatus Don. 12. pi. 414. f. 3. 
Inhabits the Bird Cherry {Prunus Padus), and has been 

found near Bristol in June. 

The plant is Viscum album mas (White Misseltoe). 




634 




-</l/€^«*^ '^Z'^'-' ■■ ^- ^<Ji5/ 



634. 
ERIRHINUS yETHIOPS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Curcullonidae. Erirhinides Scho. 
Type of the Genus, Curculio acridulus Linn. 

Erirhinus Scho. — Dej., Curt. — Notaris Germ., Curt. — Rhynchsenus 
Fab., Gyll. — Curculio Linn. 

Antennce inserted considerably beyond the middle of the ros- 
trum, long, slender, geniculated and 12-jointed, basal joint very 
long and clavate, 2nd and 3rd elongated, the former rather the 
longer, 4th and 5th small obovate, 3 jfollowing globose, the 
8th being a little the largest and slightly depressed, the re- 
mainder forming a stout ovate-conic club (6). 
Mandibles oblong, bisinuated externally, with 2 short stout 
teeth at the apex (2). 

Maxilla terminated by a long lanceolated lobe, extending be- 
yond the palpi, densely pubescent, with a small one at the 
middle of the inside. Palpi short, stout, a little attenuated, triar- 
ticulate, basal joint transverse, 2nd more quadrate, 3rd ovate (3). 
Mentum a little narrowed at the base, emarginate before, the 
angles rounded. Lip minute, rounded and hairy. Palpi a 
little elongated, slender, naked and formed of 3 small short 
joints nearly of equal length, 3rd the slenderest and oval (4). 
Head globose (7) : rostrum as long as the head and thorax, curved, 
cylindrical, slightly dilated at the apex : eyes oval. Thorax cy- 
lindric, suborbicular, a little narrowed before, the anterior margin 
and base truncated : scutel small and subtrigonate. Elytra elongate- 
ovate, attenuated at the apex : wings ample. Legs rather stout but 
moderate, of equal length : thighs not toothed, incrassated at the 
middle : tibiae a little undulating internally, dilated at the apex, 
with a minute tooth at the inner angle : tarsi ve7'y pilose beneath, 
4-jointed, 1st and 2nd joints obtrigonate, Srd cordate or bilobed, 
4th long and clavate : claws short and pointed (5, a fore leg). 

JEtriovs Fab. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 359. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Wright and the Author. 

Germar's two genera Notaris and Dorytomiis are incorpo- 
rated by Schonherr with his genus Erirhinus. I shall in part 
adopt his views, but the typical species oi Dorytomi differ so 
materially in their contour and in the great length of the an- 
terior legs, especially in the males, that I shall still keep them 
separate. The following are British species. 

Gen. 358. Ekirhinus: with all the tibiae curved. 
1. Festucae Herh. — Caricis Thunh. 

Oblong, fuscous, densely clothed with cinereous scales, ros- 
trum and legs reddish-ferruginous : 3^ lines long. 
Gyllenhal says it inhabits the flowers of Carex acuta and 
other aquatic plants in rivers and lakes. 



2. Nereis Payk. — inquisitor Herb, — Typhae Ahr. 4. 69. 
Elongate-linear, fuscous, obscure-ferruginous above, densely 
clothed with cinereous scales, rostrum and legs rufo-ferru- 
ginous : elytra piceous before : 2^ lines. 

May, in a pond at Southgate ; June, upon aquatic plants, 
Norfolk, Oxford, and Swansea. 

3. Arundineti Kirhy. 

Elongate-linear, piceous, obsfiure-ferruginous above, densely 
clothed with cinereous scales, rostrum and legs reddish- 
black : elytra mottled with cinereous scales : li line. 
Probably only a small variety of Nereis : found in damp 

hedges in Suffolk and Cambridgeshire in June. 

Gen. 359. Notaris : with the anterior tibiaj only curved 

at the apex. 

4. -/Ethiops Fab. — badensis Linn.'^—ho\ome\a,n\\s Herb. var. 
Very smooth shining black, head thickly punctured; ros- 
trum with a few long irregular furrows formed by coarse 
punctures: thorax strongly punctured, with a free space 
down the centre : elytra very delicately punctured, with 8 or 
9 deeply punctured striae on each : legs and antennae bright 
castaneous, 3 basal joints of tarsi and apex of antennae 
fuscous. 

For specimens of this rare insect I am indebted to G. A. 
Wright, Esq., who took them, I believe, in Yorkshire. 

5. acridulus Linn., Panz. 42, 10. — punctum Fab. — resinosus 
and rigidus Mars. 

Dull black, thickly punctured; thorax with large strong 
punctures, a smooth elevated line down the middle, and 
an ochreous dot on each side ; elytra with punctured striae, 
mottled with greyish hairs and a whitish dot on each be- 
yond the middle: antennae ferruginous, club fuscous; legs 
more or less inclined to castaneous: 2f lines. 
Very common all the year on aquatic cruciferous plants at 
the sides of ditches and in marshes, Norfolk, Battersea, &c. 

6. bimaculatus Fab. 

Piceous, head punctured, thorax coarsely punctured, ci- 
nerous with hairs, 2 ochreous lines down each side; elytra 
mottled with cinereous hairs, granulated, with shallow strite 
and a whitish dot on each beyond the middle : antennae and 
legs more or less castaneous. 

Rare, on aquatic plants, Cumberland, Bristol, Norfolk, 
Wimbledon Common, and on the borders of Crwmlyn Bog, 
near Swansea, upon nettles and on the barren sand-hills; 
Mr. Dillwyn and Mr. Jeffreys. 

For specimens of Listera cordata, Least Twayblade, I am 
indebted to J. Walton, Esq., who gathered them near Har- 
rowgate. »t* 



116 





'i/.V, 'J:L„:£, Jy„M, //U. t.h'-jiO 



y^ 



IIG. 
HYPERA FASCICULOSA. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Curculionid^ Lat., Leach. 

Type of the Genus Curculio punctatus Fab. 

Hypera Germ. Rhynchsenus Gyll. Cuvculio Linn., Fab., Lat., Marsh., 
Herbst. 

Antenncc inserted on each side the rostrum, beyond the middle, 
geniculated, longer than the rostrum, pilose, I'i-jointed, 1st 
joint long clavate, 2ndand3rdshortclavate, 3 following globose, 
7th and 8th transverse, the remainder forming a conical pubes- 
cent club (6). 
Labncm none. 

Mandibles irregular in form, with an obscure tooth near the apex 
and a notch near the base, furnished with only one bristle on the 
external edge (2). 

Maxilla: ciliated on the internal edge with hair and curved spines. 
Palpi not longer than the maxillae 3-jointed, 1st and 2nd joints 
robust quadrate, 3rd short conic (3). 

Mentum obtrigonate, angles rounded, along bristle on each side. 

Palpi longer than the mentum, robust, 1st joint subquadrate, 

with a long bristle on the outside, 2nd subovate, 3rcl slender 

subovate (4), 

Head globose produced into a robust rostrum, slightly curved, somewhat 

wedge-shaped (7*). Eyes lateral placed at the base of the rostrum 

(7). Thorax suborbicular, truncated before. Coleoptra /aro-e, con- 

vex, twice as broad as the thorax, somewhat conical. Wings 2. Scu- 

tellum minute. Thighs sub-clavate, notched beneath near the apex. 

Tibiae cijUndric truncated, anterior curved. Tarsi 4-jointo/, 3rd joint 

bilobed, 4th the longest (o, afore leg). 



Fasciculosa Gyll. Ins. Suec. 3. 107. 37. — fasciculatus Herbst. — Dauci 
Oliv. ? 

Minutely punctured, covered with scales. Antennpe ferruginous, 
fuscous at the apex. Head brown ; upper surface of rostrum, 
beneath the eyes (which are black) and a line on the crown of 
the head pale yellowish. Thorax brown, variegated, a line down 
the centre, one on each side and a spot on each side pale ochre. 
Scutellum whitish. Elytra obscurely punctured in striae, brown 
mottled. Suture ochraceous spotted alternately on each side with 
black ; a large semicircular spot on each side (margined with 
dark brown), a line near the margin and smaller spots near the 
apex pale ochre. Legs reddish brown, variegated with hoary pu- 
bescence. 

Obs. There are strong varieties of this species, some inclining more 
to black with the spots and markings white instead of ochraceous. 
In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



The genus Hijpera contains the following British insects, 
many of which are exceedingly common. 

1. H. punctata Fab. 

2. fasciculosa Gyl. 

3. picipes Marsh. 

4. fusco-cinerea Marsh. 

5. Arundinis Fab., Panz. 19. 1 1. — Sii Leach MSS. 

6. Polygoni Fab. 

7. Arator Linn. Polygoni Panz. 19. 10. 

8. palustris Leach. 

9. Pollux Fab. 

10. sublineata Kirby. 
' 11. Miles PayJc. 

12. murina Fab. 

13. postica Gyl. 

14. Plantaginis Fab. 

15. Viciae Gyl. 

16. variabilis Gyl. 

17. Trifolii Gyl. bitaeniatus Don. 15. 524 ? 

18. Rumicis Linn. Acetosse Panz. 42. 9. 

19. nigrirostris Fab..^ Panz. 36. 14. 

20. straminea Marsh. 

21. villosula. 

The larvae of those species whose economy is known, feed 
upon plants ; and many of my readers no doubt have observed 
upon plants growing near the water's edge, small coarse oval 
cocoons, like gauze, formed of loose threads which will allow 
us frequently to see a beetle inside, that generally is the Cur- 
culio Rumicis Linn. During last July I found several of these 
cocoons on the underside of the leaves of the plant figured, in 
a cornfield at the base of Ben Lawers, which shortly hatched 
and produced specimens of Curculio Arator Linn. 

The handsome species selected for the plate has been taken 
in Norfolk, but is by no means common. In May and June 
the individuals of this genus may be found in sandy places, gra- 
vel pits, and upon white walls and substances heated by the 
sun, as well as upon various plants. 

Galeopsis versicolor (Large-flowered Hemp-nettle), above 
alluded to, accompanies the insect. 







J 



690. 
OTIORHYNCHUS MAURUS. 



Order Coleoptera. FAM.Curculionidaj — Otiorhynchides,Sc^o» 

Type of the Genus, Curculio tenebricosus Herb. 
Otiorh YNCHUsGerm., Scho., Curt. — BrachyrhinusXaL — Pachygaster 
Dej. — Curculio Linn., Fab., Gyll. 

Antenna inserted in small cavities on each side of the apex of 
the rostrum, longer than the head and thorax, often slender, 
geniculated, 12-jointed, basal joint as long as the head, clavate, 
the remainder pubescent, 2nd long, 3rd longer and a little slen- 
derer, 5 following obovate, the remainder forming an elongate- 
ovate club, of which the basal joint is the longest (6). 
Mandibles large, concavo-convex, subtrigonate-ovate, outer mar- 
gin sinuated (2). 

Maxilla terminating in an ovate lobe armed with strong linear 
spines, beneath which is a long bunch of conniving bristles : 
outside produced into a horny lobe. Palpi comparatively long, 
triarticulate, basal joint a little the largest, ovate-truncate, 2nd 
oblong, 3rd the smallest, elongate-ovate (3). 
Mentum rather large and obovate, producing 4 large bristles be- 
fore. Palpi very short and stout, scarcely projecting beyond 
the mentum, biarticulate, basal joint transverse, bristly, 2nd 
semiorbicular (4). 
Rostrum short and very stout, porrected, dilated at the apex, with a 
short and broad groove on each side to receive the antennee (7 upper 
side, * the profile) : head broadest at the base, semiovate: eyes rather 
small, remote, orbicular, slightly convex, not touching the Thorax, 
which is as long as the head and rostrum, and nearly twice as broad 
in the middle, convex, orbicular or ovate, the anterior and basal mar- 
gins truncated : scutel minute. Elytra connate, thrice as long as the 
thorax and twice as broad, convex and ovate, the apex sometimes co- 
nical. Wings none. Legs nearly equal : thighs clavate, simple or 
dentated : tibiae flexuose, the apex pectinated, dilated and trigonate, 
except in the anterior, in which they are merely produced internally ; 
a series of short spines on the inside : tarsi 4-jointed, very pilose be- 
neath, basal joint the longest, 2nd short, both obtrigo?iate, 3rd bi- 
lobed, 4th slender and clavate : claws rather small curved and acute 
(5, afore leg). 

Matjrus Gyll.— Curt. Guide, Gen. 372. 16. 

Shining black or piceous, with short scattered whitish depressed 
bristles ; head and rostrum rugose, the centre concave, with a 
ridge down the middle : thorax coarsely but regularly granu- 
lated : elytra slightly wrinkled and punctured, with catenulated 
striae, and numerous small faint patches formed of yellowish 
pubescence : antennae and legs more or less castaneous. 
In the Author s and other Cabinets. 



Of all the beetles that are injurious to the gardener, none per- 
haps are more destructive than some of the Otiorhynchi, and 
amongst them O.picipes is eminently so: the mischief is done 



by this species during the night, when they come out to feed, 
and in the day they secrete themselves in chinks in the walls, 
under stones, bricks, clods of earth, &c. They are particularly 
injurious to wall fruit, and also to vines in hot-houses; but 
it is O. sulcatus, Mr. F. Walker informs me, which injures the 
vines in Lancashire, by eating the bark, and the larvae feed 
upon the roots. 

Dr. Lindley, I think, recommended some years since that 
the boughs of infected trees should be brushed or shaken over 
sieves in the night, and that the beetles thus collected might 
be immediately killed in hot water, and, if I mistake not, large 
quantities have been thus obtained in nursery grounds in Nor- 
folk. 

O. tenebricosus is another destructive species, as will be seen 
by the following extract from a note addressed to Mr. Dale 
by the Rev. J. M. Colson, rector of Puddle Hinton : " I have 
sent you a few specimens," he says, "of a beetle hitherto un- 
known to any of my neighbours, that has appeared this sum- 
mer in myriads in the gardens of Lord Eldon at Encombe, 
destroying the roots of every vegetable and smaller plant, such 
as strawberries, raspberries, gooseberries and currants." I 
presume it was the larvae that did the mischief, which afterwards 
produced the beetles. 

I well remember finding some grubs in a strawberry bed a 
few years since which cut through the runners, but at that 
time I suspected they were dipterous, and now have no means 
of ascertaining if they belonged to the Otiorhynchi. I have 
little doubt that it is the larva of O. picipes also, which kills 
the auriculas and polyanthuses. Dr. Maclean informs me, in 
his garden at Colchester, which they effect by eating through 
the roots close to the leaves. 

Fortunately the Otiorhynchi are destroyed by the Cercerides 
(fol. 269.), and thus Nature has put a check upon them. In 
the month of August last, when I was at Boulogne, Mr. Clif- 
ton showed me innumerable holes in the gravel walks of his 
garden formed by Cerceris Icctal and at that time a consider- 
able number of females were entering them : on digging up 
one of the nests we found five or six specimens of O. scabrosiis 
at the depth of nearly a foot, which had been buried by the 
Cerceris as food for its larvae, and nothing but the shells were 
left. Mr. W. Clifton informed me that he had observed 
large specimens of the Cerceris at an earlier period, burying 
a larger species of Curculio. Mr. Dale has also detected them 
carrying O. sulcatus alive between their legs. 

There are nineteen species of Otiorhynchi recorded in the 
Guide, and the one figured I found under stones on moun- 
tains, I believe, in the vicinity of Ambleside as well as in Scot- 
land, in June and July. 

The Plant is Fragaria vesca. Wood Strawberry. 



27% 




(J^. ,^c/^.-t^--!fe~!S^ 6c^.//i^-^ 



278. 
POLYDRUSUS SPECIOSUS. 



Order Coledptera. Fam. Curculionidae Lat., Leach. 

Type of the Genus, Curculio cervinus Linn. 

PoLYDRUSus Germ., Dej., Ste. — Polydrosus & Phyllerastes Scho. — 
Phyllobius Scho. — Brachyrhinus Lat. — Curculio Linn., Fab., 
DeG., Mar., Don. 

Antenna inserted on the sides of the rostrum near to the apex, 
as long or longer than the head and thorax, geniculated, slender 
and pubescent ; 1 2-jointed, basal joint long and clavate, 2nd ra- 
ther shorter than the 3rd which is longer than any of the follow- 
ing, all of them being sub-obconic, 9th and remainder forming 
a fusiform club, the 10th joint being the broadest, the apical 
joint minute (6). 
Labrum none. 

Mandibles subquadrate convex and rounded externally, produ- 
cing 2 or 3 bristles, concave on the inside (2) . 
MaxillcB short, terminated by a rounded lobe ciliated with strong 
bristles, and 2 teeth at the base, beneath vyhich are a few long 
hairs. Palpi longer than the maxillae, triarticulate, basal joint 
the longest, 2nd subquadrate, 3rd a little slenderer, attenuated 
and truncated (3). 

Mentum obovate, smooth. Palpi short, triarticulate, basal joint 
most robust, quadrate, 2nd small quadrate, 3rd slender, oval (4). 
Labium none. 
Head exserted, subcylindric, the Rostrum short narrowed and nutant, 
with a groove on each side meeting beneath (7*). Clypeus deeply 
emarginate and ciliated (J). Eyes lateral, suborbicular, not very pro- 
minent. Thorax cylindric broader than the head but narrowed ante- 
riorly, short and truncated. Scutellum minute, subovate. Elytra twice 
as broad as the thorax subovate, the shoulders obtuse, the apex slightly 
acuminated. Wings ample. Legs rather slender. Thighs incras- 
sated, sometimes toothed. Tibiae somewhat compressed and dilated at 
the apex. Tarsi not so long as the tibia, spongy beneath, and pilose ; 
A-jointed, basal joint as long as the terminal one, 2nd rather shorter, 
3 I'd perfectly bilobed, 4th clavate. Claws small and bent (5). 



Speciosus Rudd MSS. — Steph. 

Male much narrower than the female, black, shagreened with 
bright green scales tinged with yellow. Eyes black, with a small 
cleft between them. Elytra boat-shaped, with 10 strong and 
punctured channels on each. Antennae slender, testaceous, the 
club black. Feet deep ochreous, the thighs and base of the 
tibiae partially clothed with aureous green scales. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Rudd and the Author. 



The laborious investigations of Shonherr are of the first im- 
portance in studying the Curculionidae ; but as his distinctive 



characters frequently appear to me to be too slight, I shall 
feel justified in not adopting all his genera. Polydrusus and 
Phyllobius are principally distinguished by the grooves to 
receive the antennae, which in one are united beneath ; yet 
there are no less than twenty-seven genera besides subgenera 
that intervene. ' 

The following arrangement of our British species is taken 
from the Systematic Catalogue ; but the synonyms, with two 
or three exceptions, are copied from Gyllenhal. 

Polydrusus. 

1. amaurus Marsh. 

2. confluens Kirby. 

3. marginatus Ste. — On die 6th of May, 1821, I found this 

insect in profusion on the Juniper, in Birch-wood. 

4. pulchelius Stc. 

5. cervinus Linn. — Iris Fah. — messor Herb. — griseo-seneus 

DeG. — maculosus Herb. var. — On nettles, in June. 

6. melanotus Kirby. 

7. sericeus Gyl. — squamosus Germ. — splendidus Herb. — 

May and June, hedges. 

8. micans Fab. — Pyri Linn. Faun. Siiec. — Don. 4. pi. 121. 

/. 3 & 4. 

9. flavipes DeG. Mar. — sericeus Herb. — On Betiila alba. 

1 0. speciosus Curtis Brit. Ent. pi. 278. 

11. undatus Fab. Oliv. n. 83. pi. 35. f. 553. tereticollis DeG. 

— albo-fasciatus Herb. — seleneus Marsh. 

12. fulvicornis Fab. Gyl. — ruficornis Bonsd. 

13. oblongus Li7i7i. — Pa7iz. 19. f. 15. — ^oy[co\& Herb. — rufes- 

cens Mar. — May and July, black-thorns in hedges. 

Phyllobius. 

14. Pyri Linn. Syst. Nat.— Sam. pi. 2./. 19.— Panz. 107./. 4. 

seruginosus Bonsd. — June, hazel-bushes, Norfolk. 

15. caesius Marsh. 

16. Alneti Fab. — cnides Mar. — May and June, nettles. 

17. maculicornis Germ. Gyl. 

18. argentatus Z/ww. — Don. 3. pi. 107. — Urticae DeG. — May 

to August, oaks and hazel. 

19. Mali Fab. — Padi Bonsd. var. — fulvipes Fab. var. — Netdes, 

May to August. 

20. Pomonse Oliv. 5. n. 83. pi. 35. f. 548. 

21. uniformis Mar. — End of May, hazels, Norfolk. 

22. albidus Ste. — canescens Leach. 

23. parvulusi^«6.Gj/?. — fulvipes P^j/A--. — argentatus Bonsd. var. 

24. minutus Ste. 

25. viridicollis Fab. — Pz. 19. 13. — On Artemisia campestris. 
The beautiful species figured, was discovered by the Rev. 

G. T. Rudd, in a wood near Kimpton, Hants, in June, and he 
has politely presented me with specimens. The plant Conval- 
laria multiflora (Common Solomon's Seal), is from the same 
locality. 



S4S 



h 










^i^/.- (y'^y C^yr^^r C^li^fSS^ 



542. 
LIXUS ANGUSTATUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Curculionidae. — Yiv'irhimdes, Schon. 

Type of the Genus, Curculio angustatus Fab. 
Lixus Fab., Schon., Curt. — Phoxus Billb. — Curculio Linn., Marsh. 
AntenncB rather short, inserted on the side of the rostrum, con- 
siderably beyond the middle, geniculated, clavate, 12-jointed, 
basal joint very long and clavate, 2nd and 3rd somevi^hat obovate- 
elongate, 4 following cup-shaped, the remainder forming a pu- 
bescent fusiform club of 5 joints (6). 

Labrum ? oblong, membranous, somewhat quadridentate at the 
apex, which is pubescent and ciliated (1). 
Mandibles subtrigonate or quadrate, with 2 obtuse teeth on the 
inside (2). 

Maxilla formed of a large rounded corneous lobe, with a few 
blunt tubercles on the margin. Palpi very short and stout, tri- 
articulate, basal joint very broad and short, 2nd somewhat cup- 
shaped, 3rd subovate with a gland at the apex (3). 
Mentum oblong, a little dilated at the base and apex, the latter 
bilobed. Labium corneous, subquadrate, rounded at the base. 
Palpi short stout and triarticulate, basal joint the largest, pro- 
ducing 3 strong bristles outside, 3rd joint minute subovate (4). 
Rostrum nearly as long as the thorax, stout, subcylindric, a little curved, 
smooth, thickened at the apex, with an oblique groove on each side to 
receive the antenna. Head small and sho7-t, but not immersed to 
the eyes which are small, lateral and ovate, but not jirominent (7). 
Thorax cylindric-conic, truncated before, bisinuated at the base : 
scutellum very minute. Elytra cylindric-linear, 3 or 4 times as long 
as the thorax and but little broader, sometimes attenuated and acu- 
minated at the apex. Wings ample. Legs, anterior approximating 
at the base: thighs rather long and capitate, anterior sometimes with 
a tooth beneath : tibise very short and stout, with a curved claw in- 
side at the apex, strongest in the anterior pair : tarsi as long as the 
tibia, spongy beneath, 4-jointed, basal joint attenuated at the base, 
longer than the 2nd which is turbinate, 'Srd cordate and bilobed, 4th 
slender clavate: claws curved, acute (5, afore leg). 
Obs. The trophi are taken from L. Bambalio ? Germar, and I ought 
to observe that I obtained a very imperfect view I fear of the 
labial palpi. 

Angustatus Fab. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 380. n. 4. 

Black, clothed with minute yellowish hairs ; rostrum stout, 
head tliickly punctured, with a channel between the antennae, 
which are castaneous at the base, with a small fovea between the 
eyes : thorax rugose and uneven, the sides yellow with pubes- 
cence : elytra much broader than the thorax and three times as 
long, somewhat ochreous and spotted with pubescence, wrinkled 
transversely, with 10 lines of oval punctures on each meeting 
at the apex, which is rounded, the interstices minutely punc- 
tured ; legs clothed with hoary or yellowish pubescence. 
In the Cabinets of the British Museum, Mr. Pickering, 8^c. 



The elongated narrow and cylindric form of these insects di- 
stinguishes them from all the neighbouring genera. The fol- 
lowing are the species recorded as British. 

A. Elytra acuminated at the apex, sometimes gaping. 

3. productus Mars. MSS. — paraplectica Panz. 6. 15? — tur- 

batus Gi/Il. ? 

Length 6^ to 8^ lines. Subfusiform, thickly covered with 
minute punctures and yellowish hairs ; antennae castaneous, the 
club black, 2nd joint stouter and shorter than the 3rd ; a slight 
ridge down the rostrum with a puncture between the eyes ; 
thorax with large scattered punctures and two yellowish stripes 
extending down the head and rostrum ; elytra terminated by 
two stout straight acute spines, each having ten deeply punc- 
tured lines united in pairs at both extremities, the external 
margin yellow with pubescence. 

I met with specimens the 18th July upon the Phellandrium 
at Whittlesea Mere. Mr. Scales took it in August in ditches 
on the marshes at Halvergate in Norfolk, and it occurred in 
abundance a few years since in a marsh near Fulham. 
2. paraplecticusZmw. — Don.lO. 348. 2. — Phellandrii, DeGeer. 

" Fuscous-cinereous, pubescent, powdered greenish, elytra 
mucronated and gaping at the apex, antennae ferruginous, club 
fuscous." Gi/ll., who adds, — the apical spines are curved and 
acute. — This species is found on the Phellandrium aqiiaticum in 
July. Linnaeus says, " the larva lives in the stalk and is often 
sticking to it under water. It is supposed to cause the Para- 
pleffia in Horses." It has been found in the Isle of Elv, and 
in a marsh near Carlisle. 

B. Elytra unarmed or rounded at the apex. 
1. Kscaxm Linn.'? — Panz. 4<2. 13. 

Length 5^ lines. Slender, cylindric, clothed with very fine 
hoary pubescence, forming a yellowish margin to the sides of 
the thorax and elytra ; head and thorax thickly punctured, 
with a deep fovea between the eyes : elytra obscurely spotted 
with grey hairs, having ten punctured striae on each. 

Mr. Sparshall is said to have a specimen : the foreign ones 
that I possess have not acuminated elytra, in which respect 
they agree with the Linnean description. 

4. angustatus Fab. — Cuit.Brit.Ent.pl. 542. — lateral is »S/^J9. var.? 
This insect is often covered with the pollen of flowers, giving 

it a yellow or orange colour, especially on the sides. 

It was first met with on aquatic plants near Shoreham, also 
at Hickstead, Sussex, in July, and at Sydenham by Mr. In- 
gall. The specimen figured and two others were taken by 
Chas. Pickering, Esq., the middle of last September, near the 
Lover's Seat, Hastings : they were swept off grass. I saw a ^ 
very fine specimen on the leaf of a broad-bean near Blaye in 
the South of France the 9th of June. 

Sisymbrium Sophia (Flix-weed) is represented in the Plate. 



2/2 





212. 
MAGDALIS CARBONARIUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Curculionidse Lat., Leach. 
Type of the Genus Curculio Cerasi Linn. 
Magdalis Germ., GijlL — ThamnojDliilus Schon. — Rhinodes Dej. — 
Rhina Ol'w., Meg. — Rhynchsenus Fab., Gyll. — Curculio Linn., 
Marsh. 

AntenncE inserted on each side the rostrum, nearer the apex in 
the male (G) than female (Ca), slightly geniculated, 11 -jointed, 
basal joint very long reaching to the eyes when at rest, 7 follow- 
ing short, becoming larger and more globose towards the extre- 
mity, the remainder forming an ovate conic pubescent club 
(figs. 6, and Ga). 
Labritm none. 

Mandibles rhomboidal, notched on the external side, producing 
3 teeth at the extremity, the apical one being the smallest, the 
others broad (2). 

Maxilla; short, forming internally a long membranous pubescent 
and ciliated lobe. Palpi short rather robust, triarticulate, 1st and 
2d joints transverse, 3d oval (3). 

Mentum suborbicular. Palpi as long as the mentum, triarticulate, 
2 first joints transverse, 3d minute ovate (4). 
Head rather broad at the base, the rostrum cylindric, arcuated shorter 
and broader in the males (7) than in the females (8). T£.yes approxi- 
mating especially in the females. Thorax subquadrate. Scutellum 
distinct. Elytra elongated, subcylindric, convex, much broader than 
the thorax. Wings ample. 1l\\\^\\^ frequently spined or tubercled. 
Tibiae producing a strong claw at the apex. Tarsi 4-jointed, basal 
joint rather the longest, 3d bilobed, 4th slender. Claws short robust 
{5, afore leg). 
Obs. tVie Trophi are figured from M. aterrimus Fab., the other parts 
are from M. corbonarius. 



Carbonarius Linn. Faun. Suec. n. 614. 

Black, antenni3e pubescent and somewhat fuscous towards the 
apex : more robust in the male than female. Head and rostrum 
smooth and minutely punctured, the latter as long as the head 
and thorax in the female. Thorax depressed, ovate-truncate 
granulated, with a shining line down the centre, posterior angles 
acuminated, the sides produced anteriorly and crenated. Elytra 
shining, minutely wrinkled, with very deep crenated strice. Thighs 
dentated beneath (7, head of the male ; 8, of the female). 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



The few^ species contained in this genus have been described 
under various names so frequently transposed, that their syno- 
nyms have been very much confused ; and as even Gyllenhal 
has changed his opinion since the publication of his 3d vol., 



in consequence of the observations of Germar and Schonherr, 
it may be as well to give as complete a table as we can of the 4 
species that inhabit Britain, especially as we do not entirely 
coincide in the opinion of Germar. 

1. M. Cerasi Linn., GylL, Germ., Schon. — carbonarius' Paw;^. 

42, 18. — Armeniacae Fab. 
Found in June upon the leaves of Prumis Padiis and Cera- 
sus, as well as the Pear, eating the epidermis and marking 
the leaves with spots. 

2. M. Carbonarius Linn. — Gyll. 3, 185, 101. /m. — Oliv.? 

V. 5. pi. 34. yi 518. — aterrimus Herbst. male. — atra- 

mentarius Marsh, male. Germ., Schon. — atratus Gyll. 

3. 187. 102. male. 

June : on Plum, Birch, and Nut trees. Of this insect, which 

is by no means common, I took a pair upon a Hazel-tree near 

Ambleside the 19th of last June; and there is no doubt but the 

C. atratus of Gyllenhal is the male of his C. Carbonarius, 

which does not appear to be different from the C. Carbonarius 

of Linnaeus : the insect figured is a female. 

3. M. Stygius Marsh., Gyll., Schon. — Cerasi Oliv. 5. tab. 22. 

f. 309. — Herbst. Clairv.? — aterrimus? Fab. 
June : Cherry and Sloe trees in hedges. The Marshamian 
name has been retained, since it is doubtful whether it be the 
C. aterrimus of Fabricius; for it certainly is not the C. aterri- 
mus of LinnsRus to which he refers. 

4. M. Pruni Linn.y Fab., Gyll., Oliv., Marsh., Germ., Schon. — 

erythroceros Herbst. — incognitus Herbst. — ruficor- 

nis Schr. 
The larva of this species is said to be gelatinous and lima- 
ciform (viz. like a Slug), and is found as well as the Beetle 
upon the leaves of Primus Padus and Cerasus, the latter of 
which species, the Cherry-tree, accompanies the insect. 



2// 




Ci^. iy^J. ^M't^ jSnuim 'i 



211. 
APION DIFFORMIS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Curculionidae L,at., Leach. 

Type of the Genus Curculio frumentarius Linn. 

Apion Herhst., Lat., Kirhy., Germ., Gyll. — Rhinomacer Geoff., Clairv. 
— Attelabus Fab., Oliv. — Curculio Linn., Fab., Marsh. 
Antennae inserted beneath the nasus and before the eyes, not 
geniculated, and rather long, 11 -jointed, the basal joint being 
the longest, the remainder varying in lengthj the 2 or 3 last 
forming a club more or less fusiform. 
Labrum none. 

Mandibles horny, convex, bent, tridendate, the centre tooth form- 
ing the apex, a small one arising on the outer and a very strong 
one on the inner side (2). 

Maxillce broad compressed, forming a large membranous pubes- 
cent and ciliated lobe on the internal side. Palpi very short, 
inserted on the external shoulder, 3-jointed, 1st and 2nd joints 
quadrate, 3rd scarcely visible (3). 

Mentum obovate-quadrate, horny, producing a bristle on each 
side. Palpi extremely minute and indistinct, apparently 3-jointed. 
Lip incurved, membranous, pubescent (4). 
Head elongated into a rostrum (8). Eyes not very prominent nor 
touching the Thorax which is usually broader than the base of the 
head. Scutellum very minute, triangular. Elytra convex-ovate, 
often twice as broad as the thorax (10). Legs long. Thighs robust, 
subclavate. Tibiae long not spined. Tarsi 4-jointed, basal and ter- 
minal joints the longest, 3rd bilobed. Claws distinct (5). 



DiFFOKMis Germ. Mag. 3. 46. 2. 

Shining, blackish green. Rostrum long, the antennae inserted 
beyond the middle, fulvous, the base and apex black, 2nd joint 
very minute, 3rd transverse compressed cup-shaped, 4th robust 
scutiform compressed ; 4 following of nearly equal length, the 
5th and 6th being much more robust than the 7th and 8th, the 
remainder forming a club, the 9th being turbinate and distinctly 
articulated, the other 2 being firmly united and conical (6). Head 
coarsely punctured between the eyes, the basal collar smooth. 
Thorax subquadrate, narrowed anteriorly, coarsely punctured, 
with a channel on the back, deepest at the base. Elytra very 
convex, narrowed towards the apex, with 6 deep, loosely punc- 
tured striae on each. Epigastrium, with a bifid tooth (11). Legs 
fulvous, base and apex of thighs and base of anterior tibiae black 
with 2 obscure spines at the apex ; 4 posterior tibiae (excepting 
a space above the middle) and the tarsi black. Anterior tarsi 
with the basal joint long and very much produced internally at 
the apex which is brown (5): posterior tibiae greatly dilated at 
their apex as well as the tarsi, especially the basal joint. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Haworth, Mr. Haliday, and the Author. 



The 9th and 10th vols, of the Linnean Transactions^ the 2nd 
and 3rd vols, of Genjiar's Magazin, and the 3rd and ^th 
parts of Gi/lle7ihal, contain valuable information relating to the 
genus Apion, which comprises the following British species, 
arranged by Germar nearly in the succeeding order. 



APION. 



I. Rostrum porrected. 
A. Rostrum subulated. 

1. PomonEB F. — cjerulescens JC. — 

glaber Marsh. 

2. subulatum Kirby. 

3. Craccae L. K. — ruficorne K. 

4. Platalea Germ. 

5. Spencii JT. 

B. Rostrum cylindric or filiform. 
a. Antennas inserted towards the base. 

1. Legs dark. 

6. vicinum A\ — Loti Gi/ll. — incrassa- 

tum Ger. 

7. pusillum Ger. — atomarium? A'. 

8. pubescens Kirby sujip. 

9. confluens Kirby. 

10. Hookeri Kirby. 

11. Iffivigatum A'jrfiy. 
aeneum P. — chalceus M.— cyaneus 

Pz. 
Curtisii Kirby s l£ss.— aciculare? 

Ger. 
Onopordi Kirby. 
Carduorum K. — Sorbi M. — gibbi- 

rostre GylL 
radiolus K. — oxurum K. — aterri- 

mus M. 

2. Legs pale. 

17. Malva; Fab. K. 

18. vernaleP. — LythriPz.— concinnus 

M. 

19. rufirostre F. K. — Mai varum A'. 

20. pallipes K. — geniculatum Ger. 

21. flavifemoratum A'.— Trifolii M. — 

apricans Herb, 
b. Antennae inserted at the middle. 
1. Legs pale. 
Vicise Pk. A".— Trifolii J/.— diffi- 
cile H. 
obscurum M. K. 
diftbrme Ger. Nob. 
varipes Gerin. 
laivicolle K. supp. 

27. flavipes F. K. Pz. 

28. Eestivum Ger. 

29. assimile A'. 

30. nigritarse A'. 

31. frumentarium L. Pz. -sanguineus 

BeG. Gyll. 

32. haematodes A'. 



12, 



13 



16, 



22. 

23. 
24. 
25. 
26. 



33. 

34. 

35. 
36. 
37. 

38. 
39. 
40. 
41. 
42. 
43. 
44. 
45. 
46. 
47. 
48. 

49. 
50. 
51. 
52. 



2. Legs dark. 
a. Body oblong. 
Seniculus A". — plebeium Ger. — 

tenuius? Ger. 
civicum Ger. 
Loti A', 
tenue A", 
brevirostre K'. — humile Ger. — cur- 

tirostre Ger. 
minimum Herb. — velox A', supp. 
ebeninum K. 
scutellare K. sujyp. 
Kirbii Germ. 
Meliloti K. 

cyaneum Herb. — violaceum A'. 
Hydrolapathi M. K. 
marchicum A'. 
Rumicis K. same as last, 
affine K. 
virens Herb. K. — aeneo-cephalum 

Gyll. _ 
Astragali Pk. K. 
simile A', supp. 
glabratum Ger. 

vorax K. — villosulus & fuscicor- 
nis M. 

/3. Body subglobose. 
filirostre K. 

Pisi F. — striatum M. K. 
immune K 
atratulum Germ. 
unicolor K. — ^^ilthiops Gyll. 
Gyllenhalii K. same as last, 
subsulcatum M. K. 
Ononis K. 
Ervi K. 

Lathyri K. var. of last, 
pavidum Germ. 
Spartii A'. 

foveolatum A'. — cyaneum Gyll. 
punctifrons A', 
punctigerum Ger. — punctiger Pk. 

— sulcifrons A'. 
Limonii A'. 

Sorbi F. Pz.— Isevigatus Pk. — vi- 
ridescens M. 
II. Rostrum nutant. 
Genistas A'. 
, fuscirostre F. — melanopum A'. 
, Ulicis M. K. 



One specimen of the curious insect figured, was taken on 
paling near the Croydon road ; and another in a furze-bush 
on Blackheath, Nov. 10th and 13th, by Mr. A. H. Haliday, 
to whom I am indebted for my specimen. 

The plant is Brasska campestris (FieldCabbage or Colewort). 



Oj^2 








642. 
RHYNCHITES SIMILIS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Curculionidae. 

Type of the Geims, Curculio BetuliE Linn. 
Rhynchites Herb., Gyll., Shon., Curt. — Attelabus Fab. — Curcu- 
lio Linn. 

Antennae inserted a little beyond the middle on the sides of the 
rostrum, not longer than the head straight and clavate ; 11- 
jointed, 2 basal joints ovate, stouter than the 3 following which 
are elongate-ovate, 6th a little stouter ovate-truncate, 7th cup- 
shaped, the remainder forming a long stout subperfoliate velvety 
club, 8th joint cup-shaped, smaller than the 9th and 10th which 
are more quadrate, 11th large and ovate-conic (6). 
Mandibles with a very irregular outline, curved, the apex form- 
ing a stout hook, the internal margin deeply concave, the out- 
side convex and sinuated (2). 

Maxilla subquadrate, the inner margin convex and ciliated, ter- 
minal lobe subovate and cUiated with long curved hairs, bristly 
outside. Palpi stout subconic, triarticulate, basal joint broad 
and bowl-shaped, 2nd similar but smaller, 3rd the smallest and 
conical (3). 

Mentum very large, subquadrate, the sides towards the base an- 
gulated, the anterior angles lobed with a cavity to receive the 
Palpi, which are short stout and triarticulate, 2 basal joints 
bowl-shaped, 1st the largest, 2nd producing a long bristle out- 
side, 3rd small ovate (4). 
Head ovate, rostrum nearly twice as long or longer, inflected in repose, 
stout, slightly curved, dilated at the apex : eyes remote, placed at 
the base of the rostrum. Thorax orbicular, broadest at the base 
which is slightly produced over the scut el, sometimes with a porrected, 
spine on each side in the male (T) : scutel transverse-ovate. Elytra 
broad short ovate, truncated at the base, shoulders projecting. Wings 
very ample. Abdomen not quite concealed by the elytra. Legs 
rather stout : thighs moderate simple : tibi« slightly thickened at 
the apex, not spurred or spined : tarsi spongy beneath, A-jointed, 
basal joiiit obovate-truncate, 2nd broader hemispherical, 3rd bilobed, 
4th clavate: claws strong (5, afore leg). 

SiMiLis Curt. Guide, Gen. 385. No. 14. 

Bright deep blue, shining, pubescent ; head punctured, sparingly 
on the crown, rostrum broad and not longer than the head, 
coarsely punctured with 2 or 3 ridges at the base, the apex 
cupreous ; eyes very prominent ; club of antennae black ; thorax 
oval, truncated, strongly and rather thickly punctured ; elytra 
twice as broad with deeply punctured striae and rows of smaller 
points between them ; tibise and tarsi seneous-black the hairs 
brownish. 

In the Author's Cabinet. 



The Rhynchites live upon the leaves of plants, but are never 
very injurious in England ; in the wine countries however 
those beautiful species R. BetiihE and Bacchus make sad ra- 



vages amongst the vines ; the former also lives on the Birch, 
Alder, and Hazel, and the latter upon the Clierry and Sloe. 
These beetles, according to the Baron Walckenaer, cut the 
stalks of the leaves, making a cavity to receive their eggs ; 
and the larvae roll up the leaves to live in, and feed upon the 
budding grapes. 

Natural as this genus is, the rostrum varies greatly in length 
in many species, and there are differences in the form of the 
head on which sections may be founded : the following have 
been recorded as natives of Britain, and many of them inhabit 
the White-thorn in May and June. 

* Head ovate, broad at the base. 
1. minutus Herb. 2. a^neovirens Mars. — Fragariae Schb.t 

3. atrocoeruleus Ste. 

4. cupreus Linn. — Panz. 20. 9. — punctatus Herb. 

Rare, taken at Darent and Epping, and Mr. Heysham has 
found it near Carlisle. 

5. coeruleocephalus Fab. — Panz. 94-. 6. 

Taken, I believe, by Mr. Griesbach near Windsor. 

6. ffiquatus Linn.— Don. ^.pl. 121. f. 1. ^ 2. — Pz. 20. 8. 

7. Bacchus L.—Don. l.pl.S^.f. 1. 

Taken near Birch Wood and at Crayford in Kent, on the 
Black-thorn, by the late Mr. Marsham, and at Barham by 
Mr. Kirby. 

8. Fopuli L.-Pz. 20. 7. 

June and September, on Aspen and Poplars, Coomb-wood 
and Norfolk. 

9. Betulae L.—Don. 3. pi. 74.— Betuleti F.—Pz. 20. 6.— ni- 
tens Mar. var. 

10. interpunctatus Wilk. U. Alliariae L. — nanus Pl\ 

12. aniiustatus Leach. 13. coer ulcus DcG. — AlliariaejF. 

o 

14. confinis Si'^. 15. longirostris S^^. 

16. rugipennis Ste. 

17. pubescens Herb. — Oliv. 5. No. 34. pi. 2./. 34. 
May, Hazel and Oak, Letheringsett, Norfolk. 

18. cavifrons Chev. — Scho. Cure. v. I. p. 226. 

** Head obovate : eyes very prominent. 

19. ophthalmicus Sle. — sericeus Herb.? 

20. similis Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 642. The obovate head, oval 
thorax, and copper-coloured apex of the rostrum distin- 
guish this species, which looks at first sight like a small 
variety of U. pubescens. 

I have 4 specimens taken by myself, I believe at Coomb- 
wood. 

21. cylindricus i^zri. 22.1aevicollis5/^. 23. cyaneopennis 5/^. 

The Plant is Carlina vulgaris. Wild Carline Thistle. 




1/r 



3 )J 



r 



710. 
ATTELABUS CURCULIONOIDES. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Curculionidae. 

Type of the Genus, Attelabus curculionoides Linn. 

Attelabus Linn., Fab., Lat., Gyll., Schon.,Curt. — Curculio DeGeer. 
Antenna inserted in cavities on each side of the top of the ros- 
trum and near to the eyes (6), longer than the head, capitate, 
not geniculated, pilose and 11-jointed, 2 basal joints stout and 
ovate, 6 following narrower, subpyriform, 3rd shorter than the 
4th ; 5th like the 3rd ; 6th, 7th and 8th shorter and more glo- 
bose, the remainder forming an elliptical club, 9th joint subpy- 
riform, 10th shorter, 11th lemon-shaped, the apex being a little 
acuminated. 

Mandibles short, but visible at the end of the rostrum, concavo- 
convex, one bifid at the apex (2), the other with an obscure 
tooth on each side of the apex. 

Maxilla short, with a long internal lobe rounded at the top and 
densely margined, with stout obtuse bristles. Palpi short, stout 
and attenuated, attached to scapes, triarticulate, 1st and 2nd 
joints cup-shaped, 3rd the smallest, ovate (3). 
Mentum large, concave before. Labium large and suborbicular, 
the anterior margin slightly concave with a triangular lobe in 
the middle, the sides dilated and rounded. Palpi short, at- 
tached on each side of the lip beyond the middle, biarticulate, 
basal joint cup-shaped, 2nd small, ovate, the apex glandular 
and producing a seta (4). 
Head and rostrum not longer than the thorax, the former oblong, sub- 
cylindric, not narrowed at the base (7), the latter deflexed, a little 
curved, stout and dilated at the apex : eyes remote from the thorax, 
rather small and globose. Thorax convex, semiovate, truncated be- 
fore, broadest at the base which is convex : scutel rather large, and 
elongate-ovate. Elytra broad, short and convex, ovate, truncated at 
the base and broader than the thorax, gaping, the apex of each ely- 
tron being rounded. Wings very ample. Legs rather long : thighs 
very stout, narrowed at the base : tibice s/ewf/er and compressed, ser- 
rated internally, the apex a little dilated, with a double claio inside : 
tarsi longish, 4-jointed, spongy beneath, basal Joint long, dilated an- 
teriorly, 2nd short, elongate obtrigonate, 3rd broad and bilobed, 4th 
as long as the 1st, slender and clavate : claws slender and curved 
(5, afore leg). 

Curculionoides Linn. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 387. 1. — nitens Payk. 
Smooth, shining, black ; rather sparingly punctured : head with 
3 ridges between the eyes, base of antennae sometimes red : 
thorax sanguineous-orange, the anterior and basal margins 
blackish, as well as the scutel : elytra sanguineous, with seve- 
ral punctured striae on each; the interstices punctured. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



This handsome beetle lives upon nut-bushes and oaks, on the 
leaves of which it is not uncommonly found, and the coral-red 
of the thorax and elytra, which is bright in the living insect, 
contrasted with the green leaves, renders it very conspicuous : 
that these beetles feed upon the leaves there is little doubt, for 
I have frequently found numerous small holes where ihey 
were standing, and I think I have detected them in the act of 
eating. The tibiae are admirably adapted for clinging to any- 
thing, being toothed on the inside, with 2 curved claws at the 
apex, and the tarsi are spongy beneath. 

The form of this insect is rather peculiar ; it is very short 
and convex, and when touched contracts its head and legs, 
and bending its head and thorax close, it becomes very glo- 
bose and drops from the leaf or plant on which it is standing. 
It is found in May, June, and July at Coomb, Darent, and 
Epping ; Mr. Paget takes it, but rarely, in Lound wood near 
Yarmouth. I have frequently met with it in Norfolk, some- 
times upon the willow, and Mr. Heysham has taken it near 
Carlisle. 

Donovan, in his British Insects, v. 5, pi. 149, has figured 
an insect which he calls Attclahus curculionoides ; but it is evi- 
dently the Apoderus Avellance of Linnaeus ; and he has not only 
given a magnified representation of the head, but he expressly 
alludes to the slender neck of his insect, which at once distin- 
guishes it from A. ciircidionoides \ yet Mr. Stephens has re- 
ferred Donovan's figure to tJiis insect in both his works, and I 
regret to see that Schonherr has done the same, as it proves 
he has copied Stephens's error without consulting the work 
referred to. 

As entomologists have been misled by these references, it 
may be as well to observe that Apodenis Avellance has 12- 
jointed antennae ; the head is obovate, being narrowed behind 
and attached by a slender neck ; the tibiae have but one claw 
at the apex ; it is not very glossy ; the legs as well as the tho- 
rax and elytra are red, with black knees and tarsi. 

This insect also feeds on the hazel, and I have several times 
found it in company with the Attelabus, but it is a much more 
common species. 

The Plant is Milium effusum^ Soft Millet-grass, communi- 
cated by Dr. Bromfield. 



/^v 




754. 
BRUCHUS ATER. 

Order Coleoptera. Fam. Briichidae. 

Type of the Genus, Bruchus Pisi Linn. 

Bruchus Linn., DeGeer, Schon., Curt. — Mylabris Geof. 

Antennos inserted before the eyes on each side of the clypeus, 
longer than the thorax, stoutish, sometimes clavate or serrated, 
curved, pubescent, not geniculated, 11 -jointed, basal joint 
stouter than the 2, 3 or 4 following, which are slender and ob- 
ovate, the remainder large, often compressed, and turbinate or 
ovate-truncate, the 11th ovate or conical (6). 
Labrum lunate, the margin convex and ciliated, with a few 
bristles above (1). 

Mandibles elongate-trigonate, pubescent outside, interior margin 
sinuated, with a long membranous margin jagged above (2). 
Maxillce with rather long and slender lobes, the external one 
linear, the internal much more slender and curved at the apex, 
both densely hairy on the margins. Palpi much longer, filiform, 
with a few short bristles, 4 -jointed, basal joint small, 2nd and 
3rd longer somewhat pyriform-truncate, former the stoutest, 
4th twice as long, fusiform-truncate, with a vesicle at the apex 

Mentum transverse with a short rounded lobe on each side. Lip 
oblong a little dilated before, the margin sinuated and pilose. 
Palpi much shorter than the maxiUary, attached near the middle 
of the lip, slightly bristly and triarticulate, basal joint small, 
2nd longer pyriform-truncate, 3rd the largest, longest and fusi- 
form-truncate (4). 
Head deflexed, ovate-trigonate, the apex flattened into a thin broad 
short rostrum : neck narrowed : eyes prominent and lunate. Thorax 
transverse, narrowed before, the base slightly lobed in the centre : 
scutel small and quadrate. Elytra ovate, slightly convex, the apex 
rounded, not covering the Pygidium which is almost vertical and 
subcordate. Wings ample. Legs, hinder the longest and stoutest 
(5 1) ; thighs, hinder frequently incrassated and dentate : tibiae 
simple, hinder dilated towards the apex, which is armed at the inter- 
nal angle with a strong tooth, with several minute ones : tarsi 4- 
jointed, basal joint long and curved in the posterior, 2nd short, 3rd 
bilobed, 4th rather long and clavate : claws short, hooked at the 
base. 

Ater Marsh. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 390. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Dale, the Author, 8(C. 



ScHoNHERR has Very naturally placed the Bruchidae at the 
commencement of /tw family Curculionidae, in which tribe it 
has been the rule to include them from the days of Linne; he 
has, however, interposed the Anthribidse between them and 



the Attelabidae, which are undoubtedly Curculionidae. It is, 
I think, very doubtful whether the Bruchidae and Anthribidae 
(pi. 723 and 726) ought to be included in that tribe, being 
in trutli more nearly allied to the Cerambycid£E, for they have 
a distinct labruni, and palpi totally different to any of the Cur- 
culionidae. 

The following are British species, arranged under Schon- 
herr's Stirps 2, with the thorax transverse, subtrapeziform, 
the anterior angles rounded. 

Manipulus 1. Thighs toothed. 

t Sides of thorax dentated. 

1. Pisi Linn. — Oliv. v. 4-. No. 79. tab. \.f. 6. 

This is a most destructive insect in bean and pea-fields : 
the larvae live in the seeds until they are full-grown, some- 
times destroying more than half the crop: they are most 
abundant the end of May in fields in Kent, and are occasion- 
ally found as late as August, and I have seen them alive in 
beans as early as March: the late Mr. Atkinson found the 
beetle on Orohus tuberosus (pi. 1 72), and in the flowers of the 
rhubarb. 

2. granarius Linn. — Oliv. 4. 79. t. \.f. 10.— atomarius Linn. 
Abundant on the furze everywhere, as early as February. 

3. affinis Step, a var. oi granarius with the anterior tarsi black. 

•j-j- Sides of thorax not dentated. 

4. Loti PayJc. June, on Lotus corniculatus (pi. 259), Hamp- 
stead Heath and Somersetshire. 

5. Lathyri Kirb. " Found near London and Bristol." 

2. Thighs not toothed. 

6. seminarius Linn. — Oliv. 4. 79. t. 2. f. 12. Found at Ep- 
ping by Mr. Doubleday, and at Henley in June. 

7. Cisti Fab. — Panz. 66. 15 ? June, abundant on the flowers 
of Cistus Helianthemum (pi. 279). 

8. ater Marsh. — Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 754. 

Slate-black, thickly and minutely punctured, clothed with 

minute whitish hairs : elytra more faintly punctured, and 

deeply striated, hinder thighs a little incrassated. 

This species is distinguished by its thicker and entirely black 

antennae, with the three basal joints only small,^^. 6. a. Fig. 

c. is the antenna of B. Cisti. I think I have found B. ater 

abundant on the broom in Norfolk : July, near Sherburn, 

Yorkshire, Rev. A. Matthews : Carisbrook Castle and Hodd- 

hill, Mr. Dale. 

The Plant is Doronicum Pardalianches, Great Leopard's 
bane, from East Woodhay, communicated by J. E. Winter- 
bottom, Esq. 



po 






c^. ^ c^^.*^cX^^. ^:f6'ag 



7-23. 
PLATYRHINUS LATIROSTRIS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Anthribidae. 

Type of the Genus, Anthribus latirostris Fab. 

Platyrhinus Clair., Scho., Curt. — Anthribus Fab., Gyll. — Macro- 
cephalus Oliv. 

Antenna inserted in deep cavities under the sides of the rostrum, 
a little beyond the middle, not much longer than the head, 
capitate, 11-jointed, 1st joint stoutish, oval, the base narrowed 
and bent, 2nd joint short ovate-truncate ; 3rd and 4th as long 
as the 1st but more slender, 5th and Gth shorter, 7th and 8th 
ovate ; the remainder forming a subcompressed club ; 9th joint 
oval, 10th orbicular, both concave before; 11th suborbicular 
slightly pointed (6). 

Labrum exserted, minute, semiorbicular and ciliated with long 
bristles, with a series of long bristles at the base (1). 
Mandibles alike, strong and exposed, trigonate, apex acute, 
with a smaller blunt tooth below, and a protuberance near to 
the base (2). 

Maxilla; short, formed of 2 very long slender lobes, inner one 
ciliated with strong bristles, the apex with a curved brush of 
hairs, outer one longer and less hairy. Palpi a little longer, 
4-jointed, basal joint short and slender, 2nd and 3rd stout sub- 
ovate-truncate, 4th a little longer, elliptic-ovate, the apex com- 
pressed (3). 

Mentum large, transverse-cordate, the base truncated. Lip 

small, forming 2 divaricating lobes, very pilose. Palpi slender, 

but iiot short, triarticulate, basal joint obovate, 2nd shorter, 

3rd the longest, sublinear, bristly, especially on the inside, 

apex rounded (4). 

Head broad, rostrum nearly as broad, short, deflexed, flat and oblong, 

the apex subtruncate : eyes nearly basal, remote, small, globose and 

prominent. Thorax broad, depressed, oval, truncated before and 

behind, the sides produced at the middle into an emarginate lobe : 

scutel minute, semiorbicular. Elytra broader than the thorax, 

elliptic, depressed, base truncated, apex rounded. Wings ample. 

Pygidium nearly covered. Legs moderate : thighs simple, slender 

at the base, the apex contracted : tibiae simply clavate, subcylindric, 

apex pectinated, with a short tooth on the inside : tarsi 4-jointed, 

basal joint elongate-obovate, 2nd broader, short and furcate, 3rd 

small, cordate, bilobed, spongy beneath, immersed in the preceding, 

4th slender and clavate, inserted close to the base of the ord : claws 

short and strong, with a tooth on the inside (5, afore leg). 

Latieostkis Fab. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 393. 3. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



This family seems to form a transition from the Curculionidae 
to the Salpingiclae, fol. 662 ; but should these last have to be 
removed in consequence of their heteromerous character, 
then the Anthribidae will, it is presumed, come in immediate 
contact with the Cerambycidac, which they certainly very 
much resemble. 

The only species of Platyrhinus known to inhabit Europe 
is 

1. latirostris. Tab.— Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 723. 

Velvety, gray, head and apex of elytra ochreous : antennae 
black ; thorax variegated with brown, with a large cavity in 
the centre, the margins elevated, the edges pale ; elytra with 
strongly punctured striae, 2 first abbreviated, the 3d interstice 
from the suture raised, and terminating abruptly before the 
apex, as well as the sutural and the outer alternate inter- 
stices ; an irregular reddish brown spot on each shoulder 
margined with ochre, connected at the suture by a blackish 
band, another very irregular band across the middle, and a 
3d beyond it, all edged with ochre and margined with broad 
black spots : abdomen beneath silky grayish white : legs black 
with white somewhat circular transverse lines ; joints of the 
tarsi white at the base. 

This handsome species probably undergoes its metamor- 
phoses in Sphceria Fraxmea, and is found on the trunks of the 
ash, beech, alder and birch. I have occasionally met with it 
in Boleti in woods and on trunks of trees in Norfolk in June, 
and Mr. Dale has found it under the bark of the beech in 
the New Forest in April : at Clifton, near Bristol, it has oc- 
curred in considerable abundance at the end of April, at the 
base of trees, and Mr. Walcott transmitted a living specimen 
to me from that neighbourhood. Mr. Dillwyn occasionally 
finds it on ash-trees near Swansea, and various other localities 
have been recorded. 

Tropideres of Schon. is a subgenus distinguished by 
longer antennae, with the od and 5 following joints elongated 
and slender, with the club elongated ; the eyes are large and 
often somewhat approximating in front. 

1. niveirostris jPai. — brevirostris Panz. 57. 9. 

It inhabits the hazel in June, in Coomb-lane and the New 
Forest. I found one upon a gate at Earsham in Norfolk. 

2. albirostris Fab. — Panz. 15. 13. 

" Captured on paling near Norwich." — Step. 

The plant is Acinos vulgaris, Basil Thyme. 



'•^6 





>9u^:^ c/.Sy,.^^ c5ik 



72t). 
ANTHRIBUS ALBINUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Anthribidae. 

Type of the Genus, Curculio albinus, Linn. 

Anth^ibvs Fab., Scho., Curt. — Macrocephalus Oliv. — Curculio Ziiww. 

Antenna inserted in a deep cavity before the eyes, under the 
sides of the rostrum, nearly as long as the body in the male, 
clavate and 11 -jointed, basal joint very short and ovate, 2nd 
smaller obovate, 3rd the longest, clavate, 4 following shorter, 
clavate, the remainder forming a subfusiform, compressed club, 
8th joint a little stouter than the 7th ; 9th as long and stouter, 
10th quadrate, 11th subpyriform : not much more than half as 
long in the female (6), 3rd joint the longest, 4th shorter, 5th 
obovate, 6th and 7th subglobose, 8th short obconic, 9th stouter, 
ovate-truncate, 10th transverse, 11th short and conical. 
Labrum small, transverse, semiovate, the centre straight, densely 
ciliated with long incurved hairs (1). 

Mandibles exserted, nearly alike, trigonate, acute, with a small 
sharp tooth below the apex and a circular notch at the 
middle (2). 

Maxilla with a linear lobe, furnished with strong curved spines 
at the apex and pectinated on the inside, with a long narrow 
moveable lobe outside, hairy and furnished with similar curved 
spines at the apex. Palpi stoutish, 4-jointed, basal joint small, 
2nd stout, semilunate, 3rd as stout but shorter, oblong, 4th the 
longest, elongate-ovate-conic with a gland at the apex (3). 
Mentum large, suborbicular, the anterior margin deeply cleft 
and forming 2 large oval lobes. Lip furcate and very hairy 
inside. Palpi slender, triarticulate, basal joint a little elon- 
gated, 2nd as long but more ovate and thickly clothed inter- 
nally with long hairs, 3rd joint a little longer, nearly linear, 
very bristly, the apex obtuse (4). 
Head nut ant ; rostrum quadrate (7); clypeus notched: eyes small, 
lateral, prominent and reniform. Thorax conical truncate, twice as 
broad as the head at the base : scutel very minute. Elytra rather 
broader than the thorax, oblong, ovate, subcylindric, the apex rounded. 
Wings ample. Pygidium minute. Legs stoutish, of equal length : 
thighs stoutish, contracted at the apex : tibiae narrowed at the base, 
the apex truncated: tarsi elongated, 4-jointed, basal joint elongate- 
obtrigonate, 2nd obtrigonate -furcate, 3rd small bilobed, spongy be- 
neath, 4th clavate {5f hind leg): claws bifid on the inside at the 
base (*). 



Albinus Linn. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 393. 1. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



This insect is now considered by Schbnherr as the type of the 
Fabrician genus Anthribus: it is distinguished from Platy- 
rhinus (PI. 723) by the acuminated apex of the antennae and 
their unusual length in the males, by the kidney-shaped eyes, 
as well as by the more convex form of the whole beetle. 
With the exception of the mentum, the trophi of these two 
groups are very similar, from which we may infer that their 
oeconomy is pretty nearly the same. 

The only species inhabiting Great Britain is 
A. albinus Linn. — Curt. Brit. Ent.pl. 726 $—Jig. 7, head^ S^x. 
of ^. 

Lead-colour variegated with reddish brown marks formed 
of short strong hairs ; crown of head, face and rostrum 
densely clothed with yellowish-white pubescence : antenn£e 
black, tips of 7 basal joints excepting the 1st and 2nd white, 
8th entirely, and base of 9th snow white: thorax coarsely 
punctured, with the anterior margin and a spot in front 
yellowish-white ; 4 black elevated points across the middle, 
the 2 central ones contiguous : elytra with strongly punc- 
tured striae, the interstices slightly rugose, a white patch on 
the disc of each united by indistinct whitish lines, a large 
portion of the apex yellowish-white; the .Srd space from the 
suture with a line of six black elevated tufts, basal one the 
largest: legs brownish ochre; thighs banded ; tibiae with a 
basal and a central brown ring, the apex whitish ; tarsi 
black, apical joint white : underside of abdomen ochreous 
with short dense pubescence. 

This handsome beetle I have never seen alive, although it 
has become comparatively abundant of late years. It is gene- 
rally found upon hurdles and dry wood in June, and has 
occurred in Kensington Gardens, at Eltham, Darent-wood, 
and in Dorsetshire. Gyllenhal says it inhabits the trunks of 
oaks, birch, and willows, and I think it has been taken not 
uncommonly near Bewdley in Worcestershire. 

Monotropa Hypopithys, Yellow Bird's-nest, was communi- 
cated by N. B. Ward, Esq. 



662. 
SPHvERIESTES FOVEOLATUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Salpingidae. 
Type of the Genus, Dermestes ater Payk. 

Sph^riestes Kirh., Curt. — Salpingus///., Gyll. — Curculio Mars. — 
Dermestes Payk. — Tenebrio Linn. ? 

Antenna remote, inserted on each side of the clypeus, before the 
eyes, a little longer than the head and thorax, clavate, hairy 
and 11-jointed ; basal joint obovate, 4 following slenderer some- 
what pear-shaped, 4th and 5th being the smallest, the following 
stouter, submoniliform, the joints somewhat ovate-truncate, ter- 
minal joint ovate-conic (6). 

Labrum exserted, large, covering the mandibles, cordate, the 
base truncated with a few bristles round the margin (1). 
Mandibles exserted, elongate-trigonate, a httle curved and acute 
at the apex, serrated on the inside, the teeth diminishing towards 
the base (2). 

Maxilla elongated, terminating in 2 long narrow lobes, pube- 
scent at the apex, the inner one the shortest. Palpi longer, 
4-jointed, basal joint minute, 2nd subpyriform, 3rd shorter, 4th 
the longest, subfusiform, with a gland at the apex (3). 
Mentum transverse, scarcely narrowed before. Labium elongate- 
ovate, narrowed at the middle, the apex being orbicular and 
slightly pilose. Palpi attached on each side at the middle, 
rather remote, triarticulate, 2 basal joints short, obovate, 3rd a 
little longer and stouter, the apex slightly oblique (4). 
Head rather broad and oblong, produced narrowed and depressed an- 
teriorly : eyes remote, small but prominent, not touching the Thorax, 
which is somewhat obcordate, the base truncated : scutel S7nall and 
triangular. Elytra long, subelliptic, a little dilated beyond the mid- 
dle, the apex rounded. Wings very ample. Legs slender : thighs 
a little thickened : tibiae with short sjmrs at the apex : tarsi 5, 5 and 
4-jointed, pubescent beneath, anterior with the basal joint a little 
elongated, 3 following cordate, 4th the smallest (5) ; basal and ter- 
minal joints long in the hinder feet (f) ; claws long slender and 
acute. Obs. The species dissected is S. foveolatus. 



FovEOLATUs Liungh Act. Hoi. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 396, 5. 
In the Cabinets of Mr. Little and the Author. 



This is a very anomalous group approaching the CurcuHo- 

nidae, yet being in fact heteromerous : its position seems to be 

between Anthribus and Trogosita. 
The British species are, 

1. foveolatus Liung. — Curt. Brit. Ent.pl. 662. 

Black with a slight brassy tinge; clypeus, trophi, base of 
antennae, tibiae and tarsi ferruginous, apex of the latter and 
thighs often piceous; head and thorax very coarsely punc- 



tiired, especially the latter, which has also a large transverse 
impression and 2 fovete; elytra with a strong semicircular 
impression near the base, which is deeply punctured, the 
remainder with somewhat irregular strongly punctured 
striae, with punctures between them, thickest towards the 
apex. 

This northern species was first detected in Scotland by the 
Rev. Wm. Little, to whom I am indebted for specimens, ac- 
companied by the following note: "I find this insect on the 
top of a wall at Cramond House near Edinburgh in October 
and the beginning of November. The wall is under a row of 
Beech- and Elm-trees, which are probably their true habitat." 

2. ater Payk, Black, somewhat brassy, smooth, base of an- 
tennae and tarsi pitchy-red, thorax very thickly punctured, 
with 2 foveae, head rounded : length 1 line. 

Taken in Norfolk ; Southgate, Mr. F. Walker ; Raehills, 
Dumfriesshire, on the pitch of the Fir, the Rev. W. Little. 

3. immaculatus Step. Castaneous-brown or ferruginous, eyes 
black, antennae and legs pale, thorax very thickly punctured 
with an impression on each side at the base: l:j If lines. 
Illus. 4. 218. 2. 

July on a Fir-tree Ockingham-heath, Norwood, and Chel- 
sea ; under the bark of a Plane-tree at Cramond House, 
Rev. W. Little. Probably the immature state of (S. ater. 
4<. PicesB Ahr. Jasc. 10. pi. 9. Piceous, shining, punctured, 
base of antenna?, tibiae and tarsi ochreous ; elytra with punc- 
tured striae, irregular at the base: 1| line. 
July, Southgate, Mr. F. Walker. 

5. asneus Step, not of Oliv. Brassy-black, shining, base of 
antennae tibiae and tarsi ferruginous, thorax short punctured, 
elytra without foveae : Inline. 

Found near London. This insect is probably identical with 
No. 4. S. Picece, for Olivier's figure represents a Salpz?igus. 

6. quadripustulatus Mars. 297. Ml.—Step. lllus.pl. 21./. 5. 
Head thorax and legs ferruginous ; sides of thorax denti- 
culated ; elytra with a ferruginous spot at the base and an- 
other at the apex : 1^ line. 

June and July White-thorn hedges, paling Camberwell 
Grove ; Battersea Fields, Coomb Wood, Herts, Surrey, and 
Swansea. 

7. denticollis Gyll. 3. 715. 5. Elongate-fuscous, head thorax 
antennae and legs testaceous, base of elytra pale, thorax very 
thickly punctured, attenuated behind, sides denticulated : 
\\ line. 

Hedges in the neighbourhood of London. A var. probably 
of S. \-pustulatus. 

Vaccinium Vitis Idcea^ Red Whortle Berry, was communi- 
cated by Mr. Walton from Harrowgate Moor. 



7 . 






'-7i^ ■ <^ Cj^-^a/t/i:, CZ^i 



16 -1^31 

734. 

TROGOSITA MAURITANICA. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Trogositidae. 

Type of the Genus, Tenebrio Mauritanica Linn. 
Tbogosita Oliv., Fab., Lat., Curt. — Platycerus Geo/. 

Antenna remote, inserted at the extremity of a deep cavity, on 
each side of the head, between the eyes and the mandibles, 
short and clavate, compressed towards the apex, sparingly pu- 
bescent, 11 -jointed, basal joint stouter than the following, ob- 
ovate, 2nd minute, 3rd a little oblong, the remainder increasing 
in diameter, 3 or 4 of the terminal joints forming a club, 9th 
and 10th joints cup-shaped, 11th suborbicular (6). 
Labrum exserted, transverse, the angles rounded, anterior mar- 
gin a little concave and densely ciliated with long hairs (1). 
Mandibles porrected, rather large, bifid at the apex, with 3 or 
4 teeth on the inside and ciliated at the base (2). 
Maxilla; terminating in a curved, elongated, oval lobe, the apex 
ciliated with long bristles, the internal margin with numerous 
curved spines longest above the middle. Palpi moderate, 4- 
jointed, basal joint subglobose, 2nd long, subovate-truncate, 
3rd rather shorter, curved, pyriform- truncate, 4th considerably 
the longest, subfusiform, truncated at both ends (3). 
Mentum transverse, sublunate. Labium large, the base obovate- 
truncate, the apex dilated, subcordate, with a brush of long 
cilia on each side. Palpi remote, attached on each side of the 
mentum a little beyond the middle, short, clavate and triarticu- 
late, basal joint minute, 2nd tolerably long, stout, dilated an- 
teriorly, 3rd the largest, base narrow, apex ovate-truncate (4). 

Depressed. Head suboi'bicular : eyes small, subovate, coarsely granu- 
lated and placed behind deep cavities which receive the antenncB, re- 
mote from the base. Thorax broader, semiorbicular , a little broadest 
before, the anterior angles produced and incurved, the sides slightly 
margined, posterior angles acute, base rounded : scutel small, tri- 
angular. Elytra a little broader than the thorax, from which it is 
separated by a narrow neck, elliptic, the base truncated: wings ample. 
Legs short, anterior the stoutest : thighs ve7-y short and stout : tibiae 
short, compressed, dilated at the apex, especially the anterior (of), 
with 2 minute teeth at the outer and 2 curved spurs at the inner angle: 
tarsi as long as the tibice and 4-jointed, ciliated beneath, first S joints 
short, 4th long and clavate : claws strong and curved. 

Mauritanica Linn. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 397. 1. — caraboides Fab. 
Dull castaneous, palpi subferruginous, tips of mandibles and 
eyes black ; head with a longitudinal impression before ; regu- 
larly but not thickly punctured, the thorax punctured : elytra 
piceous or blackish, 9 punctured striae on each, very faint ex- 
ternally, the interstices punctured and transversely scratched. 

Trogosita has hitherto been included in the Ciicujidae, but 
the numerical difference in the joints of tiie tarsi, independent 
of the trophi, which are very dissimilar, as will be seen by re- 
ferring to pi. 510, render it impossible to keep them in the 
same family. It is not surprising that Linnaeus should have 



included this insect willi the Tenebriones, since its general 
habit approaches that genus, and also the Scaritidse, with which 
it agrees also in being carnivorous, and it is only by a minute 
examination of the tarsi and tropin that we can obtain satis- 
factory evidence of its real affinities; the absence of the inter- 
nal notch in the mandibles I consider quite sufficient to remove 
it from the Tenebriones, and I feel convinced that the tarsi are 
all tetramerous, the fifth joint of Olivier being nothing more 
than the incrassated base of the radical one. 

The Tinea granella^ Calandra gra7iaria, and Trogosita 
MauritaJiica are all injurious to corn when housed; but this 
last insect is particularly destructive, because it eats the out- 
side of the grain, and consequently passes from one to another, 
injuring as much or more than it consumes. Trogosita is an 
inhabitant of many warm regions, and fortunately for us it 
does not propagate readily in a northern climate : it is abun- 
dant in the south of France, where it is called Cadelle. 

I believe nothing is known respecting the depositing of the 
eggs; it is the larvae alone which feed on the corn, and they 
do the greatest mischief at the end of winter, for they are then 
full-grown and have attained the length of 8 lines: they enter 
the earth or bury themselves in dust to become pupae. The 
beetle is carnivorous, and makes some recompense for the 
mischief it had done in its early days by destroying the Ti- 
nea granella. 

In the Transactions of the Entomological Society for 1812, 
is a letter from Mr. Kirkup, stating that a larva of l^enebrio 
Maurita?iicus had been found in a Spanish almond, and that 
it was 15 months before it became a beetle, after which it 
iived 21 months, making a period of nearly 3 years, independ- 
ent of the time it had lived previous to its being detected in 
the almond. It is worthy of remark too, that the oeconomy of 
this larva differed from those observed by M. Dorthes, because 
they lived in the nut, and Mr. Kirkup believed that the beetle 
afterwards fed upon the almond also. 

It is evident that this beetle has been introduced from the 
shores of Africa, and is spreading itself in Europe; but as it is 
not sujxposed to breed at large in Britain, the name is printed 
in Italics in the Guide. From what has been already stated, it 
is clear that the specimens discovered in this country have 
been imported in fruits and grain ; the fact, however, of Mr. 
Babington having found them in the rotten floor of a malt- 
house at Cambridge, proves the mischief that may arise from 
storing foreign corn, and the precautions that ought to be 
taken in cleansing granaries from time to time by having the 
walls and ceilings washed with lime, and the floors scrubbed 
with hot water, l)y which means one of the most valuable arti- 
cles of life would be secured from extensive injuries, which are 
often eflected by the united agency of the above insects. 

Isatis tincloria, Wild Woad, was communicated by B. Ken- 
Tie<]y, Esq., from a chalk-pit near Guildford. 



SIO 











f/ 



510. 
CUCUJUS SPARTII. 

Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cucujidgc — Cucujipes Led. 

Type of the Genus, Cantharis sanguinolenta Linn. 

CucuJus Fab., Oliv., Lot., Gyl., Curt. — Cantharis Linn. 

Antenna inserted considerably before the eyes, sometimes longer 
than the head and thorax in the males, straight, very hairy, 
11 -jointed, 2 basal joints stouter than the 6 following and 
ovate, 1st a little the largest, 3rd ovate, the remainder monili- 
form and globose, excepting the 3 last which are as stout as 
the basal joints and ovate, the terminal one producing a sort of 
tubercle at the apex (6). 

Labrum porrected, semiorbicular, thickly ciliated with bristly 
hairs (1). 

Mandibles subtrigonate, curved and a little pilose outside, trifid 
at the apex, the internal margin dilated, excised and covered 
with a very fine membrane (2). 

Maxilla with a slender hooked and very acute lobe on the in- 
side, and an elongated rather broad and pubescent one on the 
outside. Palpi short pubescent and triarticulate, basal joint 
clavate, 2nd shorter, subovate, 3rd as long as the 1st elongate- 
oval, with a gland at the apex (3). 

Mentum transverse, deeply emarginate, the sides produced and 

forming 2 subacuminated lobes. Lip large corneous rounded 

and ciliated. Palpi rather short, attached to two scapes, 

pubescent, biarticulate, basal joint somewhat obtrigonate, 2nd 

barrel-shaped with a gland at the apex (4) . 

Head broad and flat narrowed before : eyes remote from the base, 

small and lateral. Thorax more or less obtrapezate or obovate 

truncate, the sides margined : scutellum transverse-ovate. Elytra 

generally broader than the thorax, depressed, elliptical, the margins 

deflexed. Wings as long as the body, broad, very thin and ciliated. 

Legs nearly alike, very short and compressed, anterior pair attached 

to the hinder tnargin of the antepectus, posterior pair remote from 

the intermediate : thighs dilated, but very slender at the base : tibiae 

slightly clavate and very hairy inside towards the apex, with a small 

spine : tarsi 5 -jointed, 4 first joints very small, terminal one long 

and clavate, sometimes the basal joint is nearly obsolete and the 

posterior are only 4-jointed in the males, with the basal joint minute, 

and the 2nd long : claws rather long and acute (5). 

Obs. The description and dissections are from C.ferrugineus ? Meg. 



Spartii Curt. MSS. Guide, Gen. 398. 

Castaneous brown, sparingly clothed with short ochreous hairs; 
antennae mouth and legs ferruginous, the former with the 3 ter- 
minal joints a little incrassated, the 2nd not larger than the 3rd : 
eyes black ; head and thorax minutely punctured, with a broad 
slightly elevated margin to both, the latter obovate-truncate ; 
elytra with 4 slightly elevated lines down each, with very faint 
and punctured lines between them. 

Li the Cabinets of Mr. Rudd and the Author. 



I SHOULD very much regret having been under the necessity 
of dissecting a small species, which differs so materially from 
the type, if Mr. Westwood had not described and figured the 
trophi, &c., of C depressus and other species in the 5th vol. of 
the Zoological Journal: I shall, however, briefly give the cha- 
racters of the type. 

Antennae with the 2nd joint the smallest. Mandibles with 
3 strong teeth ; labium bilobed ; terminal joint of palpi broad 
and truncated. Head subtrigonate, narrowed at the base and 
broader than the thorax, which is transverse with the sides a 
little denticulated not marginate ; tarsi 5-jointed, anterior di- 
lated, the basal joint very minute, the posterior pair only 4- 
jointed in the male ? with the 2nd joint as long as the 4th. 

The following species have been recorded as British: 

1. C. dermestoides Fab. — Panz. 3. 13. — depressus Herb. 
The tarsi are similar to C. depressus F., and the 6th and 8th 

joints of the antennae are smaller than the preceding and 
following. 

Taken by the Rev. G. T. Rudd, " who found them the 
beginning of June running in the hot sunshine over the 
newly barked trunks of oak trees near Lyndhurst in the New 
Forest; they entered the cracks in the timber, which their ex- 
tremely depressed form peculiarly adapts them for." Mr. 
Dale also captured it at the same time. 

5. C. piceus Oliv. 4. No. 74. bis, pi. \.f. 5. — Zool. Journal, 
pi. 47./ 1. 

6. C. Spartii Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 510.— ater Step. 

The C. ater of Olivier is entirely of a deep black with a 
thick head, represented also very broad in the figure, and an 
almost heart-shaped thorax. 

Taken in abundance by Mr. Rudd out of decayed Broom- 
stems at Coomb- wood in April and May. 

3. complanatus Wilk. — monilicornis Step. ? 

Is considerably like C. Spartii, but it is testaceous; the head 
is broader and the thorax more narrowed behind. Found in 
Dec. in Granaries and Cornbins in Norfolk by Mr. S.Wilkin. 

7. ferrugineus Meg.? — testaceus Ste.pl. 21./ 6. 

Found in a Granary by Mr. Babington in abundance, also 
in an old decayed Elm in Wiltshire in Dec. by Mr. Ingpen. 

2. testaceus Fab. Under the bark of dead trees. 

4. minutus? Oliv. pi. 1./. 9. Found by the late Mr. Griffin 

amongst Indian wheat. 

8. unifasciatus Lat. Hist. Nat. 11. 256. 7.— Zool. Journal, 
pi. 47./ 2. 

Taken in June in the New Forest by Mr. Rudd, to whom 
I am indebted for specimens as well as of the species figured : 
it was also found " under the bark of a Horn-beam tree in 
Hainault Forest by Mr. Bydder." 
The VlawUs Hypericumperforatum ( Perforated St. John's Wort). 



Jy/6 





c/r j&^^c^^^ /,/&6(/ 



746. 
PRIONUS CORIARIUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Prionidae. 

Type of the Genus, Cerambyx coriarius, Linn. 

Prionus Geo/., Fab., Oliv., Lat., Serv., Curt. — Cerambyx Linn., 
Marsh. 

AntenncB inserted in front of a notch in the eyes, remote, a little 
shorter than the body in the male, stout, serrated, somewhat 
imbricated and 12-jointed, basal joint stout obovate, 2nd small 
cu2)-shaped, 3rd the longest, the apex a little dilated, the re- 
mainder decreasing in size, short and obtrigonate, the internal 
angle acute, 12th joint elongate ovate, the apex truncated ob- 
liquely : scarcely so long and not so stout in the female, 11- 
jointed, 4th and following joints less trigonate, apical one longer 
with 2 transverse ridges (6). 

Labrum visible, small, transverse, pocket-shaped, ciliated (1). 
Mandibles porrected, crossing, stout and curved, concave, apex 
beaked (2). 

Maxilla terminating in an elliptic, rigid, pubescent lobe. Palpi 
attached to distinct scapes, pubescent, 4-jointed, basal joint 
pear-shaped, 2nd stouter and much longer, a little inflated, 3rd 
shorter, more pyriform-truncate, 4th the stoutest, a little longer 
than the 2nd ; the apex obtuse (3). 

Mentum small, semiorbicular, the sides notched. Lip small, 
narrow at the base, dilated before and hairy, forming 2 divari- 
cating lobes. Palpi attached to 2 approximating scapes, as 
large as the maxillary, pubescent, triarticvdate, basal joint small, 
2nd large, clavate-truncate, 3rd a little larger more pyriform, 
the apex obtuse (4). 
Head porrected, somewhat conical : eyes large, remote from the base, 
reniform, transverse, approximating on the crown. Thorax not much 
broader than the head, transverse, the angles subacuminate, with a 
strong spine on each side between them (T) .- scutel large semiovate. 
Elytra twice as broad as the thorax, convex, a little attenuated, 
slightly m.argined, the apex rounded, with a minute sutural spine : 
wings ample. Legs stout, compressed : thighs stout : tibiae sca- 
brous, channeled, narrowed at the base, anterior the shortest, hinder 
the longest, a little scimitar-shaped, all emarginated at the apex, 
with 2 short spurs : tarsi spongy beneath, 4-jointed, anterior a little 
the broadest, basal joint obtrigonate, 2nd semiovate, Srdbilobed, 4th 
long slender and clavate, with a minute joint or bulb at the base : 
claws slender curved and acute. 
Larva fleshy, naked, with 6 small pectoral feet , head coriaceous. Pupa 
inclosed in a large thick cocoon formed of saw-dust or decayed wood. 
Roesel v. 2. tab. 2. fig. 3-6. 



Coriarius Linn. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 400. 1. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



Prionus coriarim is one of the smallest examples of the 
family to which it belongs, some of the exotic species being of 
gigantic stature, one brought from Western Africa measuring 
nearly one foot when the antennae are extended, the length of 
the body being about four inches and a half; and in another 
species it is six inches long. The Prionidae form a numerous 
tribe, principally within or near the torrid zone : in temperate 
climates they are very rare, and the species before us is the 
only one that inhabits England. The Prionidae are distin- 
guished from the Cerambycidae by their stout and sometimes 
serrated antennae, by their strong mandibles, which are often 
elongated in the males, by broad elytra and thick legs, and 
the maxillae have only one small lobe. 

The larvae live in large trees which are in a decayed state, 
and the ravages they commit in forests must be very great, 
considering their size and number ; and it is worthy of remark 
that the insects most destructive to timber are found in tro- 
pical regions, where vegetation is most luxuriant, and where 
plants require to be nourished by the rich soil formed by the 
decomposition of timber and other vegetable substances; con- 
sequently we find in central Africa the largest Buprestidte in 
abundance, as well as in India, and the tropical portions of 
America produce the largest Prionidee and Cerambycidae in 
surprising variety : the Elateridae and Curculionidae also assist 
in the reduction of trees by a similar ceconomy. 

The female Priomis coriarhis is said to lay a considerable 
number of eggs, which are deposited in the crevices and cracks 
of the wood by means of a horny ovipositor : this species flies 
heavily in the evening and at night, but it is more frequently 
seen on the trunks of trees, or in the decayed wood collected 
at the base of worm-eaten oaks, elms, birch trees, &c. They 
make their appearance towards the end of July. I have found 
them larely in Norfolk ; they have been taken at Epping, 
Birch and Coomb woods, in Cambridgeshire, Essex, Kent, 
Shropshire and Glamorganshire. 

P. Coriarius Linn. — Curt. Brit. Ent.pl. 746 c?. 

Pitchy-castaneous : palpi and tarsi paler : antennae veined 
or reticulated, punctured at the base, head thickly and 
strongly punctured, with an imperfect channel down the 
centre : thorax short, strongly and numerously punctured, 
the punctures uniting, smoothest on the disc, base and an- 
terior margin as well as the labrum ciliated with bright fer- 
ruginous hairs, the central lateral spine a little curved : 
scutel not punctured at the apex : elytra rugose, the punc- 
tures uniting : each with 3 faintly elevated lines : legs punc- 
tured, scabrous, with ochreous pubescence. 

The plant is Sambucus nigra. Common Elder. 



7JS 




C^.- 4- c^ ?C.^<=. /"/l^y -ffSSQ 



738. 
AROMIA MOSCHATA. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cerambycidae. 

Type of the Genus, Cerambyx Moschatus Linn. 
Aromia Serv. — Cerambyx Linn., Fab., Curt. — Stenocorus Fab. 

Antennte inserted close to the inner margin of the eyes, longer 
than the insect in the male, shorter in the female, tajiering, 
channeled beneath, pubescent and 11-jointed, basal joint the 
stoutest, obovate, 2nd small and cup-shaped, 3rd long clavate- 
truncate, slightly produced externally at the apex, as well as a 
few of the following, which decrease in length, apical joint the 
longest and tapering in the male (6), scarcely longer than the 
10th in the female. 

Labrum porrected, transverse, pocket-shaped, the margins thin 
and transparent, deeply emarginate before, with a few long 
bristles (1). 

Mandibles moderate, porrected, elongate-trigonate, the apex 
but slightly pointed, ciliated internally, one having a single 
tooth (2), the other with 2 on the inside. 

Maxillae terminated by a long narrow lobe, extending beyond 
the mandibles, dilated and ovate at the apex and densely hairy, 
internal lobe long, elliptical and densely hairy. Palpi not 
longer than the lobe, attached to a projecting shoulder, 4-joint- 
ed, basal joint elongate funnel-shaped, the apex dilated and 
membranous, 2nd and 3rd very short and cup-shaped, 4th 
the longest and largest, oval, the apex compressed (3). 
Mentum semihexagonal. PalpiTanch larger than the maxillary, 
attached to 2 approximating scapes at the anterior margin of 
the mentum ; triarticulate, basal joint short and funnel-shaped, 
the margin membranous, 2nd long, stout, elongate-trigonate, 
3rd considerably the largest, clavate and compressed. Lip large 
membranous, subcordate and hairy (4). 
Head slightly drooping (7* the profile), subobovate, not narrowed at 
the base, the forehead elevated. Eyes profoundly emarginate inter- 
nally to receive the antenna. Thorax ovate-truncate, uneven, with 
a conical spine on each side at the middle, where it is much broader 
than the head: scutel triangular. Elytra completely covering the 
abdomen, long and linear, the apex rounded. Wings ample. Legs 
stout, a little compressed : thighs clavate, hinder the longest : tibiae, 
anterior short, velvety on the inside, hinder long compressed and 
curved at the apex, spurs very minute : tarsi rather broad, densely 
pilose beneath, A-jointed, 2 basal joints obtrigonate, \st elongated in 
the hinder, 3rd joint bilobed, 4th clavate : claws short and acute 
(5, afore leg). 

MoscHATA Linn. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 402, 1. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



Amongst the Beetle tribes there are none more graceful in 
I'orm than the Ceranibycidae, but the agreeable odour of roses 
which is exhaled by the Aromia moschata is a quality peculiar 
to this species, which is of a beautifully rich glossy green, 
tinged with metallic copper or gold on the head and thorax, 
and the elytra have sometimes a rich purple tint at the base 
and round the margins. 

The specific name of Moschata is not a happy one, and the 
trivial appellation given to it in this country of " Musk-beetle " 
is not less objectionable, for the scent is quite like that of otto 
of roses, and this is emitted so freely at particular seasons, 
that it is not only perceptible on approaching them as they 
move about, but I remember once detecting this perfume in 
a box in which some of the beetles had been confined, six 
weeks after they had died. 

If it were not for the unfortunate aversion which many per- 
sons entertain towards anything in the shape of a beetle or 
caterpillar, several of these beautiful and remarkable animals 
might, I think, be introduced into ladies' conservatories, if 
not into their drawing-rooms, by which means a taste for con- 
templating the works of nature would be cherished, and thus 
become a rational amusement to the junior branches of fami- 
lies. A small sallow or willow in a garden-pot would afford 
a station for the musk-beetle, which is found in considerable 
numbers on many varieties of those plants, from June to Sep- 
tember. The caterpillars of many of the butterflies might be 
reared with ease in the same way, and thus all their wonder- 
ful transformations would be daily passing under the eye, and 
ultimately one of the most charming objects in nature would 
be disclosed from the suspended pupa : the beautiful larva of 
Sphinx Ligustri may be readily kept on a plant of the Privet, 
and many other species might be mentioned ; but we can only 
add that these caterpillars will not ramble from the plants they 
feed upon until they are full grown, and they are all perfectly 
harmless. 

The only species of Aromia inhabiting England is 
A. Moschata Linn.—Curi. Brit. Ent. pi. 738 ? . 

Rich shining green : antennae often chalybeous, black at 
the apex: head more or less aureous or coppery, thickly 
punctured at the base, with a channel in front: thorax tinged 
with gold, punctured, with 6 or 8 tubercles round the disc : 
elytra finely granulated, each with 2 shining lines, the 1st 
terminating at the suture beyond the middle, the 2nd reaching 
the same near the apex : pubescence on the tibiae and tarsi fer- 
ruginous. 

Mr. Newman once informed me that he discovered the 
Musk-beetles feeding on ripe gooseberries, generally on those 
which had fallen down. 

For specimens o^ Phyteuma orbiculare. Round-headed Ram- 
pion, 1 am indebted to Mr. Joseph Graham, and I also ga- 
thered others at Mickleham last August. 



^/^ 





Si/:/^cj:igu.^Ji„„,^ ij^ //Sltd 



219. 
MONOCHAMUS SARTOR. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cerambycidae Lat., Leach. 

Type of the Genus Cerambyx sutor Linn. 

MoNOCHAMus Meg., Dej., Lat. — Lamia Fab., Lat., Panz., Gijll. — 
Cerambyx Linn., Oliv., Marsh. 

AntenncE inserted on each side the crown of the head upon the 
interior margin of the eyes, as long or much longer than the 
body, setaceous, slightly pubescent at the base, 1 1 -jointed, basal 
joint long robust, 2nd very minute, 3rd considerably the longest, 
the remainder decreasing in length to the end. 
Labrum exserted, suborbicular, pilose above, slightly emargi- 
nate (i). 

Mandibles slender, a little bent, broad at the base, acute at the 
apex (2). 

Maxillce small, bilobed, internal lobe deep, densely ciliated, su- 
perior long slender and thickly pubescent. Palpi rather long in 
proportion, 4-jointed, basal joint short slender, 2nd much longer 
robust, 3rd rather shorter, subclavate, 4th the longest subfusi- 
form (3). 

Mentum small rhomboidal, pilose across the middle. Labium 

narrow at the base, very much dilated anteriorly, deeply notched 

and pubescent. Palpi arising near the middle of the lip, triarti- 

culate, basal joint short, 2nd much longer, robust clavate, 3rd as 

long subfusiform (4). 

Head short vertical. Eyes lateral, narrow at the top, ovate below, 

emarginate next the antennce (7* the head, and antenna in profile). 

Thorax cylindric, spined on each side, scarcely broader than the head 

(9). Scutellum small. Wings ample. Elytra broader than the 

thorax, convex, elongate- ovate, sometimes n little attenuated. Tibiae 

slightly curved, very pubescent at the apex, which produces 2 small 

spines. Tarsi broad, 4-jointed, cushioned beneath, basal joint longer 

than the 2nd ; 3rd bilobed, 4th the longest, clavate. Claws siynple. 

Pulvilli none (5, afore leg). 



Sartor Fab. Ent. Syst. v. 1 . pars 2. p. 278. n. 42.— Grjll. 4. p. 53. n. 2. 
Male bronzed black, shining. Antennae twice the length of the 
body, finely granulated. Head coarsely punctured ; mouth cas- 
taneous. Thorax coarsely punctured, wrinkled before and be- 
hind. Scutellum ochraceous, pubescent. Elytra slightly atte- 
nuated, coarsely punctured, becoming smoother towards the 
apex, which is clothed with ochreous pubescence : 3 obscure lines 
on each. Legs slightly scabrous. Tibiae, anterior considerably 
curved ; intermediate with an obtuse tooth on the outer margin 
towards the apex. Tarsi, anterior the broadest, pubescent. 

In the Cabinets of the British Museum and Mr. Samouelle. 



The genus Lamia of authors being very extensive, it became 
necessary to divide it into groups, which have been named by 
Megerle, and adopted by Latreille and Dejean ; one of these 
is our genus Monochamus, which may be distinguished by the 
great length of the antennae in the males, and the toothed in- 
termediate tibiae, but in the trophi there is little to justify its 
separation from Lamia. 

The following species have been captured in Britain : 

1. M. sutor Linii., Fab., Schcef. 65. \.—Don. 13. 435. 1. 
Mr. Marsham first recorded this insect as a native of our 

island, and it is said to be found in July and August upon the 
trunks of trees. Two or three have been taken in Norwich 
and the vicinity. 

2. M. sB.v\.OY Fab., Panz. 19. 3. masc. — sutor Panz. 19. ^2. fern. 
The fine male figured was found upon a post near Surrey 

Chapel, Blackfriars Road, Sept. 1811, and is in the posses- 
sion of Mr. Samouelle. In the summer of 1812, a specimen 
was taken at Great Yarmouth, Norfolk ; and about the same 
time another was captured at Costessey in the same county ; 
and a fourth is, I believe, in the cabinet of Henry Hole, Esq., 
of Ebbei'ley House, Devon, in which neighbourhood it was 
taken in June. 

3. M. dentator Fab.—Ent. Tram. /j. 84<. tab. \.f. 1. 

As few naturalists possess the Fntomological Transactions^ 
the following remarks relating to this interesting insect may 
be acceptable. It was exhibited with a ticket bearing these 
words : " Taken in the area of a house in Gloucester-street, 
Hoxton, Aug. 10, 1806, and brought to me the next day alive 
and active. T. G. Ingall." 

" It is more than probable (observes Mr. Haworth) that 
this fine species, like Cerambyx violaceus and perhaps C.ful- 
mina7is of Sowerby's British Miscellany, and Stenocorus 
Ai-maculatus above mentioned, have originally been imported 
into Britain in timber ; but if such species prove capable of 
enduring this climate, they become to all intents and purposes 
natives : and it is impossible to say how many insects may 
originally have so become inhabitants. It is, therefore, the 
duty of our Faunists to enrol them as such ; taking good care 
to notice the peculiarities of their times and places of appear- 
ance." 

Since the above was written, Mr. Joseph Standish has 
shown me a fine male taken in Blackfriars Road a few years 
since. 

The plant is Saxif?'aga tridactylites (Rue-leaved Saxifrage). 



17± 




"^■fUr: 



■f. i6i>7 



172. 
LAMIA NUBILA. 

Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cerambycidae Lai., Leach. 

Type of the Genus Cerambyx Textor Linn. 

Lamia Fab., Lat., Panz., Sam. — Cerambyx Linn., Oliv., Marsh. 

Antenna inserted on each side the crown of the head, upon the 
interior margin of the eyes ; as long or longer than the body, 
setaceous, sometimes ciUated, 11-jointed, 1st joint long, very 
robust, 2nd small, 3rd generally the longest, the remainder de- 
creasing in length to the last which is longer than the antecedent 
one (fig. 6). 

Labrum exserted, obcordate, truncated at the base, scabrous and 
pilose ( 1 ) , 

Mandibles short, robust, subtrigonate, slightly bent and a little 
produced or sinuatedon the internal margin (2), 
Maxilla small, pilose, bilobed, thickly ciliated ; superior lobe 
obovate. Palpi longer than the maxillae, 4-jointed, basal joint 
short, 2nd and 3rd rather robust, of equal length, subpyriform, 
4th the longest, subfusiform, truncated (3). 
Mentum small transverse rigid pilose and elevated at the base. 
Lip as broad as the mentum, suborbicular, very pubescent at the 
apex, narrowed at the base. Palpi short, inserted towards the 
middle of the lip, 3-jointed, basal joint minute, 2nd robust cla- 
vate, 3rd robust subovate (4). 
Head short, vertical. Eyes lateral, narrow, emarginate on the internal 
side next the antennce (7*, the head in profile). Thorax as broad 
or broader than the head, cylindric, sometimes spinedon each side (9). 
Scutellum minute. Wings ? 2. Coleoptra broader than the thorax, 
convex, elongate oval. Legs robust. Thighs scarcely clavate. Tibiae 
simple, clavate truncate. Tarsi 4-jointed, 3 first joints broad with 
cussions beneath, the \st and 2nd joints short, 3rd bilobed, terminal 
joint long clavate. Claws short. Pulvilli none (5, afore leg). 



NuBiLA Gmel. 1832. 72. Marsh. 332. 13.— nebulosa Fab. Ent. Syst. ]. 
pars 2. 277. 3S. 

Dark ochre, pubescent. Head not punctured, with 4 short black 
stripes on the crown : eyes black. Thorax subquadrate, not 
spined, coarsely and sparingly punctured, with 4 black stripes 
down the back. Scutellum orange, black on the sides. Elytra 
sparingly and coarsely punctured with black, an interrupted 
white fascia across the middle, partially margined with black, 4 
white spots surrounded with black near the scutellum and several 
others and 2 black sinuated strigse towards the apex. Antennae 
ciliated on the external side, castaneous, basal joint variegated 
with white, 3rd joint whitish at the base, the remainder with the 
basal half pearly white, excepting the last joint which is entirely 
white. Thighs and Tibiae ochraceous variegated with black. Tarsi 
black, 1st, 2nd and 4th joints white at their base. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Raddon and the Author. 



This fine genus contains about forty named extra-european 
species, some of which are ranked amongst the most beautiful 
of the Coleoptera: there are also seven or eight species in- 
habiting Europe, two of which only have been detected in 
Britain, viz: 

1. L. Textor Linn. — Tanz. 19. 1. — Samouelle' s Ent. Comp. 

pi. 2./ 24. 
This species has nothing to recommend it but its size and 
rarity; it has occurred near Bristol and at Lymington in 
Hampshire, upon the trunks of willow trees in June. 

2. L. nubila Gmel. 

We are not aware that any figure has been given of this 
rare and beautiful insect by any of our English authors : and 
the representations of it in Olivier and Schaeffer by no means 
do it justice, in consequence of their being drawn from dead 
specimens, the insect fading soon after it is deprived of life. 
Through the politeness of Mr. Raddon, we are enabled to 
give a portrait from a living specimen, that gentleman having 
received two in April last from Bewdley near Worcester ; it 
has been taken also at Coombe Wood in June upon the trunks 
of trees, and we think also at Darent. 

The CerambycidcB in the larva state do incredible mischief to 
timber : and we cannot conclude this paper without referring 
our readers to the 1 3th volume of the Linnean Transactions 
for the natural history of L. amputator Fab., accompanied by 
figures of the egg^ larva, pupa and imago of that insect, com- 
municated by the Rev. Lansdown Guilding from the Island 
of St. Vincent. 

Orobns hiberosus (Heath or Wood-pea) is figured in the 
plate. 



^/cT 




Ci^ ^ c/lSu^ul^,C^.- /:/«?(/ 



275. 
SAPERDA ATKINSONI. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cerambycidai Lat..^ Leach. 

Type of the Genus, Cerambyx scalaris Linn. 

Saperda Fab., Oliv., Panz., Leach, Gyll. — Lamia Lat. — Cerambyx 
Linn., Marsh. 

AntenncE inserted on the inner margin of the eyes, as long or 
longer than the body, setaceous, slightly hairy j 1 1 -jointed, basal 
joint robust, 2nd subglobose, 3rd the longest, remainder de- 
creasing in length to the end (6). 

Labrum pocket-shaped, covered and ciliated with long and fine 
hairs (1). 

Mandibles rather slender, subtrigonate, bent and acute at the 
apex, externally pilose (2). 

MaxilicE small with an internal lanceolate and ciliated lobe and 
a rounded external one. Palpi long, 4-jointed, basal joint 
slender clavate, the remainder of nearly equal length, the 2nd 
and 3rd being somewhat clavate, the 4th subfusiform (3). 
Mentum short, transverse, producing long and fine hairs. Lip 
long and large, horny and narrowed at the base ; dilated, mem- 
branous, pubescent and hexagonal beyond the middle. Palpi 
robust and rather long, inserted near the middle of the lip, tri- 
articulate, basal joint small, 2nd and 3rd long and pilose, the 
former clavate, the latter subfusiform, with a vesicle at the 
apex (4). 
Head short, deflexed vertically ; face flat. Eyes kidney -shaped, re- 
ceiving the antenncE. Thorax cylindric without spines. Scutellum 
small, obtrigonate truncate. Body cylindric. Elytra long linear, 
convex or quadrate. Wings ample. Legs strong. Tibiae, anterior 
with two minute spines towards the apex. Tarsi thickly clothed with 
bristles beneath, 4-jointed, \st and 2nd joints of equal size in the an- 
terior pair, the \st joint the longest in the others, 3rd joint bilobed, 
4th clavate. Claws hooked, with a tooth at the base (5). 



Atkinsoni Nob. 

Black, completely clothed with short depressed ochreous pubes- 
cence, with a dull greenish tint. Palpi piceous ; tips of mandi- 
bles and eyes black. Antennae subferruginous, except the 3 first 
joints. Thorax punctured, with a central channel at the base. 
Elytra broadest and square at the base, each shoulder black at 
the tip as if rubbed, there are also 2 slight black dots at the mid' 
dle near to the suture, and 2 further apart, nearer to the apex. 

In the Author's Cabinet. 



Saperda is so closely allied to Lamia in the structure of the 
trophi, that Latreille considered it to form only a division of 
this genus, the only distinction of any importance being the 



uniformity of the terminal joints in all the palpi. The Saperdas 
are distinguished by their long and linear form, the shoulders 
being very high, and the thorax, which is cylindrical, is never 
spined. 

The following species have been discovered in Britain : — 

1. S. Carcharias Linn. — Panz. 69. 1. — similis Lat. — July, 

trees in Dean Forest, Gloucestershire ; and the Rev. 
L. Jenyns informs me that specimens were taken on 
a post near Cambridge, in August last. 

2. S. Atkinson! Nob. — Until I obtained authentic speci- 

mens of S. TremulcB from Germany, I considered this 
insect to be a variety only of that species ; but as I 
now believe it to be quite distinct and undescribed, I 
have named it after my esteemed and lamented young- 
friend the late Mr. John Atkinson of Grove-end, to 
whom I was indebted for this valuable acquisition. 

3. S. scalaris Linn. — Don. 11. 393. — Panz. 49. 3. — This in- 

sect is not uncommon near Cockermouth ; the late 
Mr. J. Atkinson of Leeds took one near Bolton, the 
end of June, and Mr. Hobson has presented me with 
a fine specimen taken in Kersal Moor Clough, near 
Manchester. 

4. S. populnea Linn. — Panz. 69. 7. — Not uncommon upon 

Aspen trees in Coomb Wood, near London, and in 
Sexton Wood, Suffolk, in May and June. 

5. S. Cardui Linn. — Panz. 69. 6. — lineato-coUis Don. 6. 209. 

— Taken in May, June, and July, by the Rev. 
R. Sheppard, at Barton St. Mary, Norfolk, upon 
Heracleum Sphondylium, and by Mr. Dale in Clap- 
ham Park Wood, Bedfordshire. 

6. S. ferrea Schrank.—Pa7iz. 97. 15.— Mr. R. Wood of Man- 

chester took specimens the end of July 1828, at 
Cattrel Clough, near Wilmslow; and I am indebted 
to him for a fine pair of this insect, which is new to 
Britain. I am informed by Mr. Davis that it has 
since been captured by Dr. Howitt in Sherwood Fo- 
rest, near Nottingham, upon Tilia 2Jctrvifolia; and 
Dr. Stephenson has found another. 

7. S. cylindrica Litm. — Panz. 69. 4. — This I have taken 

early in May, upon Nettles in different parts of Nor- 
folk. Rcesel says the larva feeds upon the pith of the 
Raspberry. 

8. S. oculata Linn. — Do7i. 9. 305. — Pa7iz. 1. 18. — Found in 

June, upon trunks of willows, in the Isle of Ely, Cam- 
bridgeshire. 

9. S. praeusta Linn.—Oliv. 4. No. 68. j^l. 1. / G.—Schcef. 52. 

8. — Tetrops pra^ustus Kiihy. May, June, and July, 
White-thorn hedges, Kent and Norfolk. 
The plant h Tragopogon praicnsis (Yellow Goal's Beard). 




c^^./^cf-iSi^^ji.^S*^^ /■ faso 



295. 
CALLIDIUM STRIATUM. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cerambycidae Lat., Leach. 

Type of the Genus, Cerambyx Bajulus Linn. 

Callidium Fab., Lat., Oliv., Panz., Leach, Sam., GyL, Sleph. — Ce- 
rambyx Linn., Marsh., Don. 

Antennce inserted close to the inner margin of the eyes, some- 
times not much longer than the thorax ; nearly filiform, the apical 
joints compressed 3 11-jointed, basal joint rather more robust 
than the following, 2nd subglobose, 3rd the longest, 4th short, 
the remainder rather longer, terminal joint subconic com- 
pressed (6). 

Labrinn transverse-oblong, slightly narrowed anteriorly, the 
angles rounded and pilose, with 2 small pencils of hair near the 
middle of the margin (1). 

Mandibles porrected, trigonate, acute with a strong notch on 
the internal margin, externally pilose (2). 

Maxilla: small, with a long ciliated lobe on the inside and termi- 
nated by an elongated and ciliated one. Palpi longer than the 
maxillae, robust and 4-jointed, basal joint minute, 2nd and 3rd 
subtrigonate of equal size, 4th the largest, somewhat hatchet- 
shaped (3). 

Mentum broad, transverse, very short, the anterior angles slightly 
produced. Lip cordate, or bilobed and ciliated. Palpi attached 
to 2 large scapes inserted near the base, triarticulate, clothed 
with a few fine hairs, basal joint small, 2nd rather larger obovate- 
truncate, 3rd the largest, somewhat hatchet-shaped (4). 
Trophi small. Head short. Eyes reniform (7*). Thorax suborbiciilar 
depressed. Scutellum subtrigonate. Elytra elongate, somewhat de- 
pressed and not covering the apex of the abdomen. Wings ample. 
Thighs robust clavate. Tibiae slender and simple. Tarsi short, 5- 
jointed, basal and 2nd joints obtrigonate, the former the longer, Sid 
bilobed, Athvery minute, truncated obliquely, forming the base of the 
5th which is not longer than the \st and clavate. Claws simple (5). 



Striatum Linn. Faun. Suec. 668. — Gyll. 4. p. 80. n. 10. — Panz. 70. 1 3. 
Dull black, excessively thickly punctured and clothed with ex- 
tremely short hoary pubescence. Antennae not much longer than 
the head and thorax ; a channel between the eyes terminating in 
a triangular impression upon the clypeus. Thorax with a broad 
shallow groove down the middle and an obscure fovea on each 
side behind. Elytra transversely rugose j three longitudinal ele- 
vated lines on each, with 3 alternate ones less raised. Tarsi tes- 
taceous at the apex. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Lyell and the Author. 



This genus is distinguished by its more depressed form, or- 
bicular thorax and shorter antennae ; it completes the illus- 



tration of a series of the Cerambycidae, which has been given 
in the " Guide ;" and by referring to the other plates it will 
be seen that the natural situation of Callidium is between Sa- 
perda and Clytus, Obrium following and connecting Mo- 
lorchus. 

Mr. Kirby has given tlie history of one of the species in the 
Linnean Transactions, where figures and dissections of the 
larvae will also be found. 

The following species have been detected in Britain. 

1. C. striatum Linn. — Curtis Brit. JStit. j)l. 295. — agreste 
Fah. — rusticum Steph. 

The black colour and greater number of elevated striae on 
the elytra will distinguish this from C. rusticum. Two speci- 
mens were taken at Kinnordy in Scotland, and one of them 
was kindly presented to me by Mr. C. Lyell. It is not un- 
common in Sweden. 

2. C. Bajulus Liti7i. — Panz. 70. 1. — similis Marsh, var. 
Common round London on old posts and paling in June. 

Mr. Spence observes in the Introduction to Entomology, that 
" The larva of C. Bajulus sometimes does material injury to 
the wood-work of the roofs of houses in London, piercing in 
every direction the fir rafters; and when arrived at the perfect 
state, making its way out even through sheets of lead one-sixth 
of an inch thick, when they happen to have been nailed upon 
the rafter in which it has assumed its final metamorphosis." 

3. C. violaceum Linn. — Don. 2. 6^.f. 1. — Linn. Trans, v. 5. 
tab. \2.—Panz. 70. 4*. 

I once found a single specimen in Norfolk ; and it has been 
taken at Manchester in May; and occasionally in the neigh- 
bourhood of London plentifully : it inhabits dead fir-trees. 

4. C. sanguineum Linn. — Don. 16. 553./. 1. — Panz. 70. 9. 
It has been taken in Anglesea and Devon, and is sometimes 

found in oak-timber. 

5. C. variabile Linn. — fennicum Linn. — Panz. 70. 2. — tes- 
taceum Liiin. var. — praeustum Fab. var. — luridum Paijli. var. 

For specimens of this insect I am indebted to a lady, who 
finds them constantly feeding on the solid wood of the Birch. 
It is said to have been found upon Oak in Hainault Forest, 
Essex, in August; and a variety in trees at Battersea in June^ 

6. C. russicum Fab. — Oliv. v. 4. 'No. 70. pi. 4.y! 49. 

This is introduced on the authority of Mr. Stephens. Fa- 
bricius states that the insect he described, from the cabinet of 
Mr. Lee, came from Russia. 

7. C. Alni Linn. — Panz. 70. 20. 

Found in June upon faggots and hurdles in Woods, Nor- 
folk, &c. 

8. C. luteum Steph. 

The plant is Stellaria graminca (Less Stitchwort). 




/gg 









'~y-,Jr_ <^ c/-gB^^..zg„a^ Si^. f^SiS ^^^"^ 



199. 
CLYTUS QUADRIPUNCTATUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cerambycidae Lat.^ Leach. 
Type of the Genus Cerambyx Arietis Linn. 

Clytus Fab., Leach, Gijll. — Callidium Fab., Lat., Oliv., Panz. — 
Cerambyx Linn., Marsh. — Leptura Linn., Gmel., Rossi, Don. 
AntenncB inserted in front of the head close to the internal margin 
of the eyes, not so long as the body, subclavate or filiform, pu- 
bescent towards the base, 1 1 -jointed, 1st joint long, bent, robust, 
2nd subglobose, 3rd as long as the 1st but slender, 4th and 5th 
slender, shorter than the 3rd ; the remainder decreasing in length, 
apical joint subconic (fig. 6). 

Labrum transverse-oval, the base corneous, surrounded by a di- 
lated membranous oval margin, the anterior portion clothed and 
ciliated with hair (1). 

Mandibles trigonate, bent and acute at the apex, producing a few 
coarse bristles on the external side, the internal edge sinuated (2) . 
MaxillcE terminated by 2 large lobes, the internal one being the 
smaller and densely clothed with hair on the inside and at the 
apex, the external lobe dilated and divided at the apex, which is 
very pubescent also. Palpi not so long as the maxillae, robust, 
4-jointed, 3 first joints very short, 4th large subsecuriform and 
wedge-shaped (3). 

Mentum broad and short, the sides lobed, anterior margin straight, 
producing a few long hairs in the centre. Lip membranous, bi- 
lobed, covered and ciliated with hairs. Palpi remote, robust, 
arising from the base of the lip, 3-jointed, basal joint short, 2nd 
obconic, 3rd large subsecuriform and wedge-shaped (4). 

Head short, nutant. Eyes reniform. Thorax globose. Elytra elongate, 
not covering the apex of the abdomen. Wings ample. Scutellum small. 
Legs; anterior the shortest, posterior very long. Thighs clavate. 
Tibiae with small spurs. Tarsi with cushions beneath, 4-jointed, 
anterior dilated, basal joint in the posterior pair long, penultimate 
joint in all bilobed. Claws strong. Pulvilli none (5, afore leg). 



QuADRiPUNCTATUS Fab. Ent. Syst. 1. par* 2.337. 78. — naevia Gmel. 
— villosa Rossi. 

Black, slightly covered with somewhat hoary pubescence. An- 
tennae filiform. Thorax and Elytra densely covered with greenish 
ochreous pubescence, excepting 3 black spots on each down the 
back, and one at the shoulder. 

In the Cabinet of Mr. Sparshall. 



Clytus is distinguished from Callidium, which it most resem- 
bles, by its more cylindric form ; and the globose thorax is a 
character which at once enables us to separate these from the 
other insects of the same family. 



The following species have been taken alive in this country, 
but as C. erythroceplialus is a native of Georgia, and C.Julmi- 
nans is a North American species also, it is possible they may 
have been imported in timber, in which they were bred. 

1. C. fulminans Fab. — Oliv. 4. /. 5. f. 63. — Soxverby Brit. 

Misc. tab. 58. 
"A specimen of this elegant insect (says Mr. Sowerby) 
was found by a young lady upon some flowers in a garden at 
Kensington. It is now in the cabinet of the Rev. W. Kirby." 

2. C. arcuatus Linn. — Marsh. — Don. 3. 84. 1. — Panz. 4*. 14. 

— lunatus Gmel. Fab. — detritus Lat. 
This very local insect appears in June, and is occasionally 
found in abundance. I once captured a considerable number 
in a very hot day running over the trunk of a felled tree near 
a wood in the neighbourhood of Bungav in Suffolk. 

3. C. Arietis Lin7i. — Marsh. — Oliv. — Don. 1. 27. — Panz. 

4. 1 5. — Gazella Fab. 
This, which is called the Wasp-beetle, is the commonest of 
the genus, being found on sunny days in June and July in 
gardens, orchards, roads, &c., but generally upon the trunks 
of trees ; it runs with great celerity and flies well. Donovan 
says, " they are exceedingly numerous in Kent, in the pease 
and bean fields, in May, or on the currant bushes, and are 
not un frequently taken on the fern." 

4. C. 4-punctatus. 

The SDecimen figured of this valuable insect, was found 
alive last year upon a window by a gentleman in Norwich, and 
was given to Mr. J. Sparshall, to whom I am indebted for the 
opportunity of making a drawing of it. 

5. C. mysticus Linn. — Marsh. — Don. 3. 84. 2. — Panz. 82. 9. 

quadricolor Scop. — litteratus Gmel. 
This is by no means an uncommon insect round London, 
especially at Darent in Kent, where it is met with upon the 
trunks of trees in open pathways near the wood, and upon 
bushes in the gardens, hedges, &c. in May, June and July. 

6. C. erj^throcephalus jPrti. — Oliv. 4. t. 5.f. 60. — americanus 

Gmel. — acuminatum Fab. 

Mr. Sparshall's cabinet contains a single specimen of this 
insect, taken alive a few years since in Epping Forest by 
Mr. Doubleday. 

The plant is Chelidonium majus (Greater Celandine). 



9^ 




'yu/:-^'J'4-.^^...^.a.,, '/'/.t:-/./A2f 



1)1. 

OBRIUM CANTHARINUM. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cerambycidae Lat., Leach. 

Type of the Genus Cerambyx cantharinus Linn. 

Obrium Megerle. Saperda Fah., Fanz. Callidium Fak. Cerambjrx 
Linn. 

AntenncE inserted in a notch in the eyes, as long as the body in 
the females, longer and more slender in the males j 1 1 -jointed, 
hairy, 2nd joint the smallest, 5th the longest (fig. 6). 
Labrum small, transverse, hairy (1). 
Mandibles bent, acute, somewhat trigonate (2). 
Maxillce terminated by 2 lobes, ciliated with strong hairs, the 
internal one short, somewhat acute, the other long, curved and 
truncated. Falpi 2, 4-jointed, the 3 first joints short, somewhat 
clavate with a few bristles, the terminal joint long, robust, at- 
tenuated towards the extremities, truncated (3) . 
Mentum transverse, rounded at the sides, emarginate before, 
i/jjo bilobed, ciliated. PoZpi 3 -join ted, 2 first joints short, 3rd 
somewhat elongate, ovate-truncate (4). 
Head nutant trigonate. Eyes emarginate on the internal edge. Thorax 
longer than broad, produced on each side, but not spined. Scutellum 
small. Body elongate, nearly cylindric. Elytra long, twice the 
breadth of the thorax, having a truncated appearance before and 
rounded at the apex. Wings 2. Thighs clavate. Tibia simple. 
Tarsi composed of 4 joints, of which the 1 st is the longest, the 3rd 
bilobed, 4th slender. Claws small (5 afore leg). 



Cantharinum Linn. Syst. Nat. 2. 637. 82. — brunnea Fab. Ent. Syst. 
V. ]. pars 2. p. 3\6. n. 45. Fanz. 34. 15: mas. — ferruginea Fa6. 
Ent. Syst. v. l.pars 2. 316. 44. Fanz. 34. 14 : fern. 
Mas : ochraceous-ferruginous, shining, pilose, head and thorax 
somewhat more brilliant than the elytra, which are irregularly 
punctured. Eyes black. Legs brown, inclining to ferruginous. 
Antennae brown, deepest towards their base. Fem : twice or 
thrice the size of the male, flead and thorax punctured. An- 
' tennse and legs black ; two terminal joints of the tarsi rufous. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Sparshall and the Author. 



Although I have not seen Megerle's characters of the genus 
Obrium, I have no hesitation in adopting it, since the long and 
dilated, or subspinose thorax as Fabricius terms it, neither 
agrees with Saperda nor Callidium ; and the length of the 5th 
joint of the antennae appears to be a peculiar character. De- 



jean, however, has induded in this genus, Ceramhyx minutus 
[Callidium pygmcEum F), which I suspect belongs to another 
group. 

The two insects figured in the plate (which are perfectly 
new to Britain) having been found on the same spot, I have 
considered them as the sexes, although Fabricius and Panzer 
have described them as distinct species, calling the male Sa- 
j)erda brunnea, and the female S. feri'uginea ; and Linnaeus 
having first described the latter under the name of C. cantha- 
rhms, his specific name has here been restored. 

Mr. Joseph Sparshall informs me that a male and female of 
our insect were taken by Mr. Henry Doubleday in a garden at 
Great Coggeshall, Essex, the 15th of July 1823, resting upon 
the leaves of an apple-tree : another male was found upon a 
plant close to the same tree the 10th of August in the follow- 
ing year ; and Mr. Blunt captured a female last year about 
the end of July, which was sticking to the bark of an aspen- 
tree near Wanstead House, Essex. 

Pyrus wa/ws (Crab-tree) accompanies the insects; the upper 
figure representing the female, the lower one the male. 



// 




fi^^.t/yc/i^«^li6y^^/./«.^%/^'///^2«^ 



IL 

NECYDALIS MINOR. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Cerambycidae. 

Type of the Genus, Necydalis Umbellatarum Linn. 

Nectdalis Linn., Oliv., Mars., Lat. — Molorchus Fab., Gyl., Curt. — 
Gymnopterion Schr. ? 

Antenna inserted in a notch in the eyes on each side the crown of the 
head, sUghtly setaceous, pubescent and having a few hairs beneath ex- 
cept towards the apex, 12-jointed and much longer than the insect in 
the male, basal joint short and stout, 2nd globose, 3rd and 4th not 
longer than the 1st, 5th and following long and clavate, the apical 
joint short and curved : ll-jointed and much shorter in the female. 
Labrum very minute, hairy and dilated very much in front and some- 
what cordiform (1). 

Mandibles short, trigonate, slightly hooked and pointed at the apex (2) . 
Marillce small, terminated by 2 lobes regularly ciliated at the apex, 
external one the largest (3 «). 

Palpi short subfiliform and 4-jointed, 3 first joints short, 4th thicker 
ovate, compressed and truncated at the ajjex (b). 
Mentum broad, convex at the sides, emarginate before (4 a). Labium 
coriaceous cordate, forming two divaricating pubescent lobes (b) . Palpi 
nearly as long as the maxillary and of the same form, triarticulate, at- 
tached to scapes at the base of the labium (c) . 
Head suborbicular, sloped off in front : eyes lateral loith a deep notch for the 
antenna. Thorax orbicular quadrate with the anterior angles and margin 
a little reflected, and the base suddenly narrowed : scutellum elongate-tri- 
angular. Elytra quadrate or oblong, not half the length of the body, flat 
above, gaping behind, the apex of each being rounded. Wings very ample, 
folded on the back when at rest, and extending neai'ly to the apex of the 
Abdomen which is linear, concave above, convex beneath. Legs, anterior 
short, posterior long. Thighs very slender, terminated by an ovate club : 
tibiae simple with small spurs at the apex : tarsi 4-jointed, basal joint con- 
siderably the longest, except in the anterior pair, Srd bilobed, 4th clavate : 
claws curved and acute (5, afore leg). 



Minor Linn. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 412. 1. 

In the Authors and other Cabinets. 



My lamented friend Latreille is the only naturalist of late who has 
done Linnaeus the justice to retain the appellation he gave to the 
present group. In the first edition of this Work, I observed that 
the genus Necydalis of Latreille ought probably to form two ge- 
nera : I had therefore adopted Fabricius's generic name for the 
species with short elytra, and those with longer and subulated ely- 
tra [N. rufa Linn. &c., forming Latreille's second division,) might 
retain the appellation of Necydalis; but since finding that this 



group is established by Illiger as the genus Stenopterus, it follows 
that Linnaeus's name must be restored, and Fabricius's Molorchus 
must fall. 

Of this remarkable genus there are only two British species 
known. 

1. N. minor Linn. Faun. Suec. no. 837- — Curt. Brit. Ent.pl. 11. — dimidiata JFai. 

Black, sparingly clothed with fine long hairs : palpi ochreous ; antennae 
ferruginous, dark towards the apex, 3rd and 4th joints as long as the fol- 
lowing ; head coarsely punctured and vermiculated : thorax suborbicular- 
quadrate, thickly and coarsely punctured, somewhat shagreened, the hairs 
whitish, with a long shining elevated mark down each side the back, di- 
lated anteriorly, and a similar spot between them at the base ; scutellum 
with white depressed hairs : elytra naked, very glossy, sparingly punc- 
tured, castaneous, darkest at the tips across which there is a depressed 
line with a green tinge, violaceous at the base ; on the disk of each is an 
elevated, pale yellow and oblique stripe, approaching behind ; wings fus- 
cous iridescent : abdomen with the segments on each side beneath edged 
with silvery hairs : legs hairy, castaneous, apex of thighs subpiceous ; 
tarsi paler. 

The smaller figure in the plate shows the natural size of a speci- 
men that was taken in June 1823, upon the blossoms of a tree in 
the beautiful and ornamental grounds of Mrs. Walker at Arno's 
Grove, near Southgate, and communicated to me by Edwin Wal- 
ker, Esq., to whose liberality I am indebted for several rare and 
interesting insects. It has since been found by his brother upon 
grass under trees : it has also been taken in the adjoining county 
of Flertfordshire, and was captured many years since by Mr. Gries- 
bach near Windsor. 

2. N. Umbellatarum Linn. Sysf. Nat. 2. 641. 3. — Oliv. v. 4. no. 74. tab. 1./. 3. 

Length 21 to 3^ lines. Black, sparingly clothed with fine long upright 
hairs, trophi ochreous ; antennse castaneous, 3rd and 4th joints not longer 
than the 1st : head and thorax coarsely punctured, the former with a po- 
lished line at the base, the latter with a tubercle on each side below the 
middle, and 3 polished spots on the disc sometimes elongated, forming an 
inverted triangle : elytra rather sparingly punctured, the hairs short, cas- 
taneous, with an ochreous space round the scutellum and extending to the 
middle ; breast and abdomen piceous inclining to chestnut : legs dark cas- 
taneous, tarsi paler. 

This species was formerly not uncommon in the lane leading to 
Darent Wood, Kent, upon the dead branches of old trees, in which 
probably the specimens were bred ; and several were found by my- 
self, in a hot day in June, upon an umbelliferous plant in a garden 
adjoining the same lane. It has also been seen in Coomb Wood, 
Surrey ; and Mr. J. Sparshall captured it at Wrabness in Essex. 

The Plant accompanying the insect is jEthusa Cynaphm (Fools' 
Parsley). 



JJO 




■■:<-^.^y C/. 1SM/>A^OLy./,/dSp 



750. 
RHAGIUM INQUISITOR. 

Order Coleoptera. Fam. Lepturidae. 

Type of the Genus, Leptura Inquisitor Linn. 

Rhagivm Fab., GylL, Serv., Curt. — Stenocorus Oliv. — Leptura L/wm., 
Lat., Mars. 

Antenna not longer than the thorax, inserted in the middle of 
the face, between the eyes, approximating, filiform, 11 -jointed, 
basal joint the longest and stoutest, 2nd small, cup-shaped, 3rd 
oblong, 4th rather shorter, 5th longer than the 3rd, three fol- 
lowing as long as the 3rd, the remainder decreasing in size, 
the apical joint ovate-conic (6). 

Labrum semiorbicular, densely ciliated and hairy, the centre 
sharply notched (1). 

Mandibles strong and trigonate, the apex clawed, inner margin 
sinuated, with a long space densely ciliated (2). 
MaxillcE terminated by 2 small lobes, the inner one strongly ci- 
liated and woolly at the apex, the other surrounded by a large 
woolly brush. Palpi rather short stout and 4-jointed, basal 
joint pyriform, 2nd a little longer, 3rd scarcely so long, both cla- 
vate, 4th the longest, clavate-truncate (3). 
Mentum transverse, semi-ovate, hairy. Lip large, bilobed, 
being cleft nearly to the base, densely ciliated. Palpi short 
elavate, triarticulate, seated at the base of the lip, remote, basal 
joint small, 2nd larger with a few long hairs, both subpyriform, 
3rd much the largest, somewhat hatchet- shaped (4). 
Head rather large, orbicular-quadrate, the base suddenly narroioed into 
a small neck : eyes very remote from the base, nearly lateral and 
ovate, slightly concave inside, rather small but prominent. Thorax 
cylindric, constricted before, sides convex at the middle, each produ- 
cing a triangular spine .• scutel semioval. Elytra twice as broad as 
the thorax, elliptic, truncated at the base, slightly tapering, the apex 
rounded : ovipositor long and slender. Wings ample. Legs long 
and robust : thighs stout, a little incrassated at the middle, slender 
at the base : tibiae simple, elavate, with short spurs at the apex : 
tarsi not long but broad, 4-jointed, basal joint obovate-truncate , 2nd 
semiovate-lunate, Zrd bilobed, 4th elavate, with an obscure scape or 
joint at the base : claws small and acute {5f hind leg). 

Inquisitor Linn. — Curt. Guide Gen. 413. 2. 

Black, densely clothed with very short ochreous pubescence ; 
antennae silky : head and thorax punctured, the former with a 
fine channel down the crown : elytra coarsely punctured, 
speckled with black, 2 elevated lines on each side of the suture 
vanishing at the base and towards the apex, 2 curved deep 
ochreous fasciae across the middle, interrupted at the suture, 
with a deep black ovate spot between them on each side. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



The LepturidjE form a much smaller tribe than the Ceram- 
bycidiE, to which they are nearly allied. Their larvae are in- 
ternal feeders, and the species belonging to the group before 



us are found in their different stages in soft decayed wood, 
often in the moist stumps of alders and sallows. The beetles 
I have dug out of such situations early in the spring, but later 
in the year they are generally found on flowers or upon the 
trunks of trees. 

The three British species comprised in the genus Rhagium 
are distinguished by their short antennae, having the 5th joint 
longer than the adjoining ones ; the head is comparatively 
large, the thorax spined, and the elytra rather broad and less 
attenuated than the rest of the family, and the palpi are trun- 
cated, the labial being hatchet-shaped. 

* Hargium Leach. Antennce mith the 5th joint stouter than 

the Uh. 

1. Indagator Fab. — Panz. 82. 5. — minutus Fab. var. 
Shining black, hairy, punctured ; basal and anterior mar- 
gins of thorax ferruginous ; elytra dull purplish, with 2 
indistinct ochreous bands across the middle, and numerous 
spots and marks of the same colour ; 3 elevated lines on 
each, the 2 outer ones uniting before the apex : length 6 to 
9 lines. 

I do not remember having seen a specimen of this insect 
that was taken in England, but in Scotland it is said to be 
common : the Rev. W. Little has taken it in abundance on 
Raehills. 

** Antennce Jiliform, scarcely longer than the thorax. 

2. Inquisitor Linn. — Curt. B. E. pi. 750. — vulgare Leach. 
May and June on umbelliferous flowers, also on those of 

the mountain-ash and white-thorn, and on the trunks of ash- 
trees in Coomb Wood, the JNew Forest, Norfolk, and various 
parts of England : in decayed fir and birch trees in the win- 
ter, together with the following species on Raehills, Rev. W. 
Little. 

*** Antennce slender, longer than the head and thorax. 

3. bifasciatum Fab. — Don. v. 3. pi. 94!. J". 1. — nigrolineata 
Don. 10.pl. 353. 1. — bimaculata and dorsalis Marsh. Don. 
ll.pl. 395. 1. vars. 

Brassy black above, punctured, with fine long hairs ; spines 
of thorax inclining backward : elytra coarsely punctured, 
with 3 slightly elevated lines on each, approximating to- 
wards the apex, sides pale castaneous, with 2 ochreous sub- 
lunate patches before, and 2 beyond the middle ; antennae 
and legs pale castaneous : thighs blackish, excepting the 
base : length 7 to 9 lines. 

An exceedingly variable species, found with the last in every 
part of England, I believe, in May and June; in decayed trees 
in abundance, at Wroxham and Horning, Norfolk ; also under 
the bark of ash-trees. 

The Plant is Siwn latifolium, Broad-leaved Skirrett. 



36i 




SU-.i^<J'.4^^:..''J^ /.fdS^ 



362. 
LEPTURA APICALIS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Lepturidae. 

Type of the Genus, Leptura elongata DeGeer. 

Leptura Linn., Curt., ^c. — Pachyta Meg., Curt. 

yJnteuncE inserted near to, and between the eyes, nearly or quite 
as long as the body, slightly attenuated, clothed with very short 
pubescence, 11 -jointed, basal joint long and robust, 2nd subglobose, 
3rd as long as the 1st; 4th shorter than the 5th, the remainder 
slightly decreasing in length, the apical joint subconical (G). 
Labrum pilose transverse, anterior margin concave ciliated (1), 
Mandibles small, trigonate, slightly bent and very acute at the 
apex, internal margin densely ciliated to the middle, where it is 
produced, thin and coriaceous (2). 

Maxilla long slender and bilobed, internal lobe lanceolate and 
densely ciliated j external lobe linear, rounded at the apex and 
clothed with long pubescence. Palpi slightly pilose, 4-jointed, 
basal joint short, 2nd and 3rd elongate-obtrigonate, the latter 
the shortest, 4th the longest suboval (3). 
Mentum semiorbicular, anterior margin a little produced, straight 
and transparent, the sides slightly pilose. Palpi attached to 
scapes, rising from behind the mentum, pilose, triarticulate, 
basal joint small, 2nd and 3rd somewhat elongate-ovate, the 
latter the largest. Lip large subcordiform and pubescent (4). 

Head rather elongated, the mouth being a little produced. Eyes nearly 
globose. Thorax subconic, truncated before, the base rather sinu- 
ated, the angles acute. Scutellum triangular. Elytra broader 
than the thorax, elongated, sometimes attenuated, and concave at 
the apex with a spine on each side. Wings ample. Legs long. 
Thighs sometimes incrassated, especially the hinder pair. Tibiae 
spurred, hinder pair sometimes emarginate and toothed on the in- 
side in the male (5). Tarsi 5-jointed, basal joint very long in the 
hinder pair, 3rd bilobed, 4th minute, bth long slender and clavate. 
Claws bent and acute. 



Apicalis Haw., Mss. — Curtis's Guide, Gen. 415. 4. 

Black shining, clothed with short depressed ochreous hairs, 
thickly and minutely punctured. Antennae with 2 or 3 of the 
apical joints more or less fulvous. Thorax with a large fovea on 
each side, and one in the centre at the base, with a deep trans- 
verse channel, the angles acuminated. Elytra emarginated at 
the apex, the points short, with 4 sinuated and interrupted 
orange-coloured fascise, the basal one divided longitudinally at 
the shoulder, and the 4th not touching the apex. Tibiae and 
tarsi clothed with ochreous pubescence. 



The hatchet-shaped palpi distinguish Toxotus from Leptura, 
and this Genus has not the sides of the thorax tuberculated, 
excepting slightly in L. elongata, the male of which species is 
also remarkable for the singular structure of the posterior tibiae. 



The larvae of the Leptiirae live in wood, and the Beetles are either found 
in the trunks of trees or upon flowers. 

1. L. elongata Z)<?G. — Do?i. 3. pi. M'. f. ^. Very common 

on umbelliferous plants in May, June and July. 

2. L. attenuata Li7in. — Oliv. 4. No. 73. pi. \.f. 8. Rare; in 

June I believe at Darent. 

3. L. 4-fasciata Linn. — Sam.pl.^.f. 26. — Oliv. pi. 2.f. 1 7. July 

and August, umbelliferous plants; Colney Hatch, and 
in decayed trees on marshes at Horning, Norfolk. 

4. L. apicalis Haiio. Mss. — Curtis' s Brit. Ent. pi. 362. 

Rare at Windsor, the New Forest, and New Lanark, Scotland, H. Walker, 
Esq. This species is more robust than No. 3, and the bars are of a fine 
orange colour; yet I cannot think that it is any more than the female, or 
a variety of it, or it may be a hybrid between that insect and the following, 
which sometimes has the antennae black, at others entirely orange. 

5. L. aurulenta Fab. — Panz. 90. 5. First taken by Miss Hill 

in meadows near Bideford, afterwards by Capt. Blomer 
on the banks of the Torridge, and also in decayed trees 
in the New Forest. 

6. L. revestita Liim. — y\][\ca. Panz. 22.13. June, stump of an 

apple-tree, Windsor, and Colney Hatch. 

7. L. virens Litin. — Panz. 69. 13. Recorded as British. 

8. L.scutellata JF«i. — Panz. 69.15. June, Epping Forest; and 

in the same month and in August I found a consider- 
able number dead under the bark of a decayed beech- 
tree in the New Forest. 

9. L. tomentosa i^a!^. — Oliv.pl. 2.f. 13. c. June, climbing up 

grass near Haslar Hospital, Waller Clifton, Esq. 

10. L. sanguinolenta Linn. — Don. 16. 557. — Panz. 69. 8 ?. 

June, in gardens at Norwich, and Bungay, Suffolk. 

11. L. melanura Z/mw. — Paws;. 69. 19. ? . June and July. 

12. L. nigra Linn. — Panz. 69. 18. — b. June, near Lyndhurst. 

13. L. laevis Fah. — Panz. 34. 15. June and July, common. 

14. L.praeustaPaZ*. — Panz.3^.\6. May and June, New Forest, 

J. C. Dale, Esq. ; and August, out of the beech. 

1 5. L. femorata Fah. — Oliv. tab. 2.f. 15. — varians Meg. June, 

flowers, Darent and New Forest, J. C. Dale, Esq. 

16. L.pallipes C«r/. Ge/zWc, 415. 15. Length 3 lines. Slender, 

slate-coloured, clothed with very short ochreous hairs, 
thickly punctured : mouth, antennae, and legs, except- 
ing the coxa?, bright ochre. The only specimen I have 
ever seen I took in Norfolk in 1809. 

17. L. ruficornis Fab. — Ahr. 12. 12. June and July, common. 

18. L. sexguttata ivzZ*. — Panz.69.22. June, Darent and Birch. 

19. L. lividaPa^. — Oliv. t. A>.f. 50. June and July, common. 

20. L. Pachyta coUaris, Linn. — Oliv. t. ^i.f. 44. May and June, 

Bexley, Mr. Samouelle; Herefordshire, Mr. Newman. 

21. L. octomaculata Fab.— Don. 10. 353. 2. June. 

22. L. Lamed Linn.— Don. 11. 395. 2.— Panz. 22. 11. In 

Drury's Cabinet. 
The plant is Scutellaria minor (Less Scull-cap). Communi- 
cated by the Hon. C. A. Harris. 



494. 
DONACIA TYPH^. 

Order Coleoptera. Fam. Crioceridae. 

Type of the Genus, Donacia crassipes Fab. 
DoNAciA Fab., Gyl., Hoppe, Panz., Lat., Curt. — Leptura Linn., Mars. 
Antenncs inserted nearly in front of the face, approximating, 
slightly thickened towards the apex, longer than the head and 
thorax, pubescent, 11 -jointed, basal joint the stoutest and ovate, 
2nd the shortest, the remainder more or less clavate, 3rd as long 
as the 1st, 4th longer, 5th generally the longest, the remainder 
sometimes slightly decreasing in length, apical joint a little acu- 
minated at the apex (6). 
Lah'um semicircular, ciliated in front (1). 
Mandibles semilunate, very acute at the apex, one finely serrated 
on the inside (2*), the other bifid, having 2 long sharp teeth at 
the apex, and a small one on the inside, below which is a mem- 
branous ciliated margin (2). 

Maxillee short and broad, terminated by an orbicular articulated 
lobe, very pilose at the apex and internally, a large ovate lobe 
on the inside also densely ciliated. Palpi longer than the maxil- 
lary, triarticulate, basal joint stout, 2nd smaller, both rhomboidal, 
3rd elongated compressed and glandular at the apex (3). 
Mentum broader than the lip, horny at the base. Labium sub- 
cordate, large and pilose at the apex, with a fleshy margin be- 
neath. Palpi triarticulate, inserted near the middle of the lip, 
2 first joints subovate, the 2nd producing a few long bristles ex- 
ternally, 3rd as long as the other two, conical compressed and 
having a gland at the apex (4). 
Head narrower than the thorax, suborbicular : eyes small but prominent, 
lateral and globose. Thorax cylindric-quadrate, the angles more or 
less acute. Elytra twice as broad as the thorax, linear, attenuated 
and sometimes trigonate at the apex, which is emarginate. Wings 
ample. Thighs clavate, posterior the longest, stout and denticulated 
beneath in some, especially the males. Tibiae, posterior crooked, fre- 
quently serrated inside towards the apex : tarsi short, broad and 4- 
jointed, 2 basal joints obtrigonate, Zrd bilobed, 4th clavate : claws 
curved acute (5 f, hind leg) . 
Obs. The dissections are from D. cincta Germ. 

Typh^ Ahr.—Gyll.—Curt. Guide, Gen. 417. 20. 

Green, more or less brassy, clothed with fine grey silky pu- 
bescence, excepting the thorax and elytra : antennae black, base 
of the joints ferruginous, 5th joint the longest ; head with a short 
deep channel between the eyes, very thickly and minutely punc- 
tured, as well as the thorax which is oblong- quadrate, the sides 
notched, with a depressed line down the back ; scutellum black : 
elytra very finely striated transversely, with numerous lines of 
deep punctures confused at the base and apex, the external angle 
being slightly produced ; a broad space down the back is gene- 
rally rosy with an irregular stripe of blue on each side the su- 
ture : legs aeneous black, posterior thighs not stouter than the 
others and without teeth, pale ferruginous at the base, the tips 
and base and sometimes the inside of the tibiae of the same colour. 
In the Author s arid other Cabinets. 



The Donacige are elegant in form and brilliant in colour : they 
walk slowly, fall when approached, and take wing in hot wea- 
ther. From recent observations, it is supposed that the larvae 
live in the stems of acjuatic plants. A contributor to Loudon's 
Magazine of Natural History has found egg-shaped transpa- 
rent brown cocoons of D. micans?, containing the perfect 
beetle, in the stems of A7'undo Phragmites^ close to the root, 
and immersed in the water or mud ; and Messrs. Kirby and 
Spence observe that "the cocoon of D.fasciata'^ (probably 
D. Tyi^hcc) is fastened by one side to the roots or surculi of 
Ti/pha latifoliar 

The Donaciae are confined to northern latitudes, and this 
country is very rich in species. 

A. Posterior thighs toothed near the apex. Gyl. 

1. crassipes F. — micans Mar. — On Sagittaria sagittifoUa. 

2. cincta Germ. — clavipes F. — B. August, Bungay Common, 

Suffolk, on Njqjhar Intea. 
2. dentata Hoppe, J'. 2. — bidens Gyl. — B. August, Bungay 
Common, Suffolk, on a Potamogeton. 

4. angustata Ktmz. — bidens 01. 4. No. 75. pi. 2. J". 12. — 

" Wandsworth Common, and banks of the Thames." 

5. melanocephala Mar. 348. 18. — Sparganii Ahr.? — May, 

aquatic plants; common in Norfolk. 

6. Lemnas F. — Pz. 29. 11 & 12. — June, on Iris Pseudacorus 

and Sallows, Norfolk. " Mr. Jeffreys has observed it 
on the leaves of Typha latijolia, feeding on a black spe- 
cies of Aphis." 

7. dentipes F. — Pz. 29. 5. — June, upon the Iris and Salix 

viminalis : also on flowers of Caltha, and grasses. 

8. Sagittarise F. — Pz. 29. 7 & 8. — June, on the Iris, in Norf. 

9. brevicornis Kiinz. — Gyl. 4. 674. — " Near Bristol." 

10. obscura Gyl. 3. 654. — "Near Windsor, and in Somerset." 

1 1 . thalassina Ger.—Gyl. 4. 675. — " Near Bristol." 

12. impressa Gyl. 3. 655. — " Kensington Gardens, New Fo- 

rest, and Suffolk." 

1 3. sericea L. — Pz. 29. 2. 3. 4. 6 & 9. — Everywhere in ditches. 

14. micans Ahr. in Nov. Act. Hall. 1. 3. 28. 11. 

15. rustica Schu. — Hojjj). /. 8 8i,9.(S ? . — Plants, in ditches, 

Halvergate, Norfolk, and Greenwich. 

16. nigra F.—Pz. 29. 10.— M. June, on reeds, Isle of Wight. 

B. Thighs unarmed. Gyl. 

17. Menyanthedis i^.— P;s. 29. 13. — On Iris, Norfolk; June, 

rushes, side of canal, Oxford. 

18. simplex i^. — Pz.29. 14. — June, July, ditches, Norfolk. 

19. linearis Hopp. — Pz. 29. 15. — May and June, Norfolk. 

20. Typhae Ahr.— Curt. B. E. pi. 494.— Taken by S. Suli- 

van, Esq., at Fulham; b. July, Rougham, Suffolk, E. Ben- 
net, Esq. ; and b. June, off leaves of Typhcc. 

21. Hydrochieridis F. — Pz. 29. 16 & 17. — B. June, rushes, 

New Forest, and on a bank in Suffolk, J. C. 
The Plant is 7j/;3^a/fl'i?//o/i!a( Great Cat's-tail or Reed-mace). 



dIS 





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318. 
MACROPLEA EQUISETI. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Crioceridse, JLat.^ Leach. 

Type of the Genus, Donacia Zosterse Fab. 

Macroplea Hoff., Sam. — Hsemonia Meg., Lat. — Rhagium ^ Donacia 
Fab., Panz. 

AntenncE inserted in front of the face, approximating, as long as 
the body, subfiliform, 1 1 -jointed, basal joint robust ovate, 2nd 
and 3rd small, subglobose, 4th elongate-obovate, 5th and 6th 
rather longer, the remainder sensibly longer and attenuated (6). 
Labrum thin, somewhat semiorbicular and ciliated (1). 
Mandibles small, semilunulate, being very convex externally and 
acute at the apex, with a membranous margin below the middle, 
above which there is a notch in one of them only (2). 
MaxillcB small, terminated by a broad curved lobe, pubescent at 
the extremity, a smaller and shorter lobe on the inside, pubes- 
cent also. Palpi rather short and very robust, 4-jointed, basal 
joint very short, 2nd and 3rd trapeziform, 4th much longer, sub- 
ovate, slightly pilose on the inside (3). 

Mentum transverse, short, the sides rounded. Labium membra- 
nous and semiovate. Palpi inserted upon 2 large fixed scapes, 
short, very robust, and biarticulate, basal joint subtrigonate, 2nd 
subovate, ciliated on the inside, the apex a little produced (4). 
Head 7iarrower than the thorax, a little produced beneath. Eyes lateral, 
small, orbicular and rather prominent. Thorax subquudrate, the 
sides indented, the angles a little produced. Scutellum triangular., 
Elytra elongate-ovate, mucronated at the apex. Wings ample. Legs 
alike in both sexes, long, hinder thighs long, but not incrassaled. 
Tibiae simple, the hinder pair the longest and crooked. Tarsi long, 
4-jointed, \st and 2nd joints oblong, '3rd very small, somewhat cup- 
shaped, 4th very long and clavate. Claws strong bent and acute (5). 



Equiseti Fab. Supp. p. 128. — Curtis's Guide, Genus 4\8. 2. 

Male shorter than the female. Smooth ochreous. Antennae 
fuscous, the tips of each joint whitish, silvery-glaucous beneath. 
Head black but hoary, the face concave, with a deep channel 
between the eyes. Thorax with a ferruginous tint in the middle, 
longer than broad, the posterior angles acuminated, a shallow 
and uneven channel down the centre, and an oblong black ma- 
cula on each side. Scutellum black. Elytra acutely mucronated 
at the apex ; the suture and both sides of it (below the 1st punc- 
tured stria which is abbreviated) black ; 5 double black rows of 
large punctures on each, some of them uniting before the apex, 
and not black at the extremity. Legs with a slight ferruginous 
tinge, 1st and 2nd joints piceous on the back and apex, 3rd en- 
tirely piceous, 4th piceous near the apex. Claws castaneous. 
Underside silvery glaucous. 

In the Cabinets of the British Museum and Mr. Jenyns. 



These insects, like the Donaciae from which they have been 
separated, are fond of aquatic plants ; both species are rare, 
and may be distinguished from the Donacias by the very mi- 
nute penultimate joint of the tarsi, and the great length of the 
terminal one : the mucronated elytra, their colour, and the 
manner in which they are punctured, are characters totally 
different to the British Donaciae. I shall only observe re- 
specting the trophi, that I could not discover that the mandi- 
bles were bifid at the apex. 

1. M. Zosterse Fab. Syst. Eleut.—Gyll. 4. j9. 683, \1.—Ahr. 
Jasc. 12. pi. 14. — muticum Fab. Fnt. Syst. v. 1. pars 2. 
p. 306, w. 11. 
About half the size of the following species. Smooth, 
ochraceous. Head excepting the trophi, black and hoary 
with 2 elevated lines between the eyes, forming a deep fovea. 
Antennae brown, the underside of the 3 first, and the tips of 
all the other joints ochreous. Thorax not longer than broad, 
a fine channel down the centre, and an oblique brown line on 
each side. Scutellum black. Elytra pale ochreous, shining, 
acutely acuminated at the apex (sometimes with an additional 
minute tooth), the suture black, and each side below the 1st 
punctured stria, which is abbreviated ; 3 double and 1 single 
rows of black punctures, and 3 rows not black, less strong 
and regular than in M. Equiseti. The tarsi similarly spotted 
but fainter. Underside silvery glaucous. 

Excepting in size there is so little to distinguish this from 
the following species, that I think our specimens at least are 
only varieties, for I have never seen an example with biden- 
tated elytra as described by Fabricius and Gyllenhal. This 
pretty insect was first discovered in Britain, I believe, by Mr. 
Spence, who took it in June upon aquatic plants at Kingston- 
upon-Hull, Yorkshire; it was soon after taken on the banks 
of the Yare between Thorpe and Norwich, the 14th June, 
1811; the Rev. T. Ski'imshire met with it near Burnham, and 
afterwards near Wells in Norfolk, the 29th of May, in salt 
water ditches. It is said also to inhabit the Horned Pond- 
weed {Zannichellia paliistris). 

2. M. Equiseti Fab.— Curt. B. E. pi. 318.— -appendiculata 
Panz. 24. 17.— Zosterae Gyll. 3. p. 669. 
For the loan of this fine insect I am indebted to the Rev. 
L. Jenyns ; a pair were taken in the spring by Professor 
Henslow, whilst fishing for shells, upon floating weeds in a 
brook running into the Cam at Backsbite near Cambridge. 

A * has been erroneously attached to this species in the 
' Guide,' but I do not possess it. 

The plant is Equisetum arvense (Cornfield Horsetail). 



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7 ' 7^30 
323. 

CRIOCERIS PUNCTICOLLIS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Crioceridae Lat.^ Leach. 

Type of the Genus, Chrysomela Asparagi Linn. 

Crioceris Geo/., Oliv., Lat., Panz. — Lema Fab., Panz., Gyl. — Au- 
chenia Mars. — Chrysomela Linn., Don. 

AntenncemsiiTitdi before the eyes, longer than the thorax, straight 
and submoniliforra, pubescent, 1 1 -jointed, basal joint not larger 
than the 3rd, the 2nd small subglobose depressed, 3rd rather 
longer than the 4th, the remainder of equal size, oblong, ter- 
minal joint the longest and conical (6). 

Lahrum suborbicular, straight at the base, and slightly notched 
at the middle of the anterior margin which is ciliated with strong 
bristles (1). 

Mandibles subtrigonate, curved, bifid at the apex and ciliated on 
the internal side below the middle, where there is a tooth in 
one (2). 

MaxiilcB producing 2 lobes, densely clothed with pubescence at 
their extremities, external one articulated and curved. Palpi 
not extending much beyond the lobes, 4-jointed, basal joint mi- 
nute, 2nd robust subtrigonate, 3rd rhomboidal, 4th elongate- 
oval (3). 

Mentum transverse, curved, narrowed anteriorly and concave in 

front. Lip suborbicular, with a groove down the middle, ciliated 

in front. Palpi arising near the anterior angles, short, triar- 

ticulate, basal joint subglobose depressed, 2nd subobtrigonate, 

3rd a little longer ovate, terminated by a vesicle (4). 

Head nutant, collar distinct. Eyes small but prominent, emarginate on 

the inside. Thorax cylindrical, the sides sometimes incised. Scu- 

tellum minute. Coleoptera elongate-ovate, much broader than the 

thorax. Wings ample. Legs rather robust. Thighs incrassated. 

Tibiae curved, simple. Tarsi 4-jointed, cushioned beneath, 2 basal 

joints obtrigonate, 3rd bilobed, 4th long clavate. Claws simple bent 

and acute (5). 

PuNCTicoLLis Spence MSS. — Curtis's Guide, Genus 420. n. 3. 

Cyaneous, shining. Antennae dull black, excepting the basal 
joint. Eyes deeply emarginate. Head punctured, with a channel 
on the back part. Thorax incised and punctured, excepting a 
narrow elevated space in the middle, between 2 thickly punc- 
tured lines ; towards the base is a transverse impression, with a 
large puncture in the centre. Elytra with 9 punctured striae on 
each, the sutural one furcate at the base. Tarsi black. 
Obs. The head and thorax sometimes have a violaceous, and the 
elytra a greenish tint. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets, 



The larvae of these insects are of a dirty colour, and are ren- 
dered more disgusting by being covered with their excrement, 
to protect them from heat and cold : they live upon the leaves 
of vegetables, and are frequently in great abundance, especially 
those of the type, which can scarcely have escaped the notice 
of the cultivators of the Asparagus. An interesting history of 
their economy is given by Latreille in the 11th volume of the 
Histoire Natm-elle, p. 324 ; and figures of the larvae, &c. in 
Roesel, vol. ii. class 3, tab. 4. 

Our species may be thus arranged : — 

I. Thorax incised on the sides. 

1. C. Merdigera Li7in. — Fah. — Panz. 45. 2. — Sam. pi. 2. 

Inhabits the white and other Lilies in the gardens of Europe, 
and has been imported into England with those flowers. I 
found it in vast abundance in every state, the beginning of last 
June, upon the Lilium candidum in the Botanic Garden at 
Rennes. 

2. C. puncticollis Sp. — Curtis Brit. Ent. pi. 323. 

This insect was discovered by Mr. Spence many years since. 
I have invariably found it upon Thistles in Norfolk and Suf- 
folk ; but at Bexley it is found in sand-pits from July to Sep- 
tember. If Gyllenhal's female of C. cyanella be intended for 
this insect (and I think it is), he is mistaken ; for I have taken 
both in pairs, and have never found the common one upon 
Thistles. Mr. Spence's insect is much larger, the thorax is 
differently formed and sculptured, and the elytra are not so 
deeply punctured as in the following species. 

II. Thorax not incised. 

3. C. cyanella Linn. — Panz. 71. 1. 

Very common under the bark of Willows in Norfolk : also 
on grass in June, July, and August. 

4. C. obscura Stepk. 

I have taken this insect twice in Norfolk. 

5. C. Melanopa Linn.^Panz. 9i. 12. — Middle of May, 

under the cliffs at Covehithe, Suffolk, and skirts of 
woods, July, August, and September. 

6. C. Asparagi Linn. — Don. 1. 28. — Panz. 71. 2. — May, 

end of June, and September, upon the Asparagus : 
very common in Norfolk. 

7. C. 12-punctata Linn. — Panz. 45. 3. 

Found upon the Asparagus in June and July, but is very 
rare in England. 

The plant is Carduiis acanthoides (Welted Thistle). 



/27 



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127. 

CASSIDA SALICORNI^. 

The Samphire Tortoise-Beetle. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Chrysomelidae Lat.^ Leach. 

Type of the Genus Cassida viridis Fab. 
Cassida Linn., Fab., Lot., Marsh., 8;c. 

JntenncE subclavate, inserted in front of the head, between the 
eyes, 1 1 -jointed, basal joint long clavate, covered by the thorax, 
2nd globose, 3rd longer than the following, the last 5 being 
more robust and pubescent than the former, terminal joint 
ovate-conic (fig. 6). 

Labrum naked, cordate, truncated at the base, anterior margin 
membranous ( 1 ) . 

Mandibles somewhat ovate obtuse, with three teeth (sometimes 
blunt) at the extremity (2). 

Maxilla small, internal lobe membranous minute, external horny 
pilose. Polpi much longer than the maxillae, 4-jointed, basal joint 
minute, 2nd longer clavate, 3rd short, 4th longer pear-shaped 
(3). Mentum small. Palpi large, arising from two large scapes, 
2-jointed, basal joint clavate, 2nd elongate-conic (4). 
Head small, concealed above by the thorax. Eyes lateral. Thorax 

somewhat triangular. Scutellum distinct. Coleoptra shield-shaped. 

Wings long. Legs short, scarcely extending beyond the thorax and 

elytra. Tibise simple. Tarsi hairy, 4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd 

bilobed, 3rd large bilobed, 4th not extending beyond the 3rd. Claws 

small (5, afore leg). 
Larvae broad, short, depressed, with six feet, spined down the sides, tail 

forked recurved. 
Pupae broad, and flat, thorax very dilated, flat and serrated appendages 

down the sides. Reaum. vol. 3. pi. 18. 



Salicorni.e Nobis. 

Male dull greyish ochre, finely shagreened. Thorax smooth, 
sparingly punctured, having a somewhat reticulated appearance, 
round the semi-transparent margin, Scutellum triangular, 
sparingly punctured. Elytra with a broad space down the suture 
brownish, next to which is a broad stripe of metallic green, not 
extending to the apex. Beneath black, a broad margin round 
the abdomen ochraceous. Legs entirely ochraceous. Tarsi and 
Claws inclining slightly to ferruginous. Antennae ochraceous, 
basal and four terminal joints fuscous. 

Female smaller, without the vivid green stripe upon the elytra. 
Skrimshire's MS. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Skrimshire and the Author. 



This extensive genus contains some of the most brilliant 
exotic insects, and of the most extraordinary forms. Their 
economy is remarkable, and may be investigated by any one 
who will take the trouble to search the common thistles or 
horse-mint, upon which the two first species in our list feed in 
their larva state, and they will be amused and greatly assisted 
in their researches by consulting the 3rd vol. of Reaumur, the 
Linnean Transactions, and the Introduction to Entomology. 
Our British species, as is frequently the case, cannot vie 
with the extra-European in brilliancy, although we possess a 
considerable number, most of them being either green or 
brown, with the exception of two or three, which when alive 
exhibit a most beautiful metallic appearance, which we regret 
cannot be done justice to in a coloured engraving. 



1 C. equestris F. — viridis Marsh., Panz. 

96. 5. 

2 viridis F., Panz. 96. 4. — similis Marsh. 

3 liriophora A7r6y, ij/m. Trans, v. 3. p. 8. 

4 sanguinolenta F. — cruentata Dun. 2. 

63. 2. 3. 

5 marcida Sam. Ent. Comp. 

6 obsoleta III., Gyll. — ferruginea Marsh. 

7 nebulosa i.— affinis F., Scheeff. Ic. 27. 4. 

8 maculata L., Don. 8. 285. — murrea L. 



9 C. vittata Fab. 
10 anglica nob. — reticularis Wil- 
kin, Steph. 
margaritacea F. — mutabilis 

nil. t. \.f. 1. 

Salieornise 9106. 

nobilis L. , Gt/U. , Don. 4. 1 38. 1 . 

2.3. — var.splendidulaJl/arsA. 
Spergulffi Marsh. — viridula 

Payk. 



11 



14 



The most striking character in C. Salicornice, which holds 
in both sexes, is the totally pale thighs, which are black at 
the base in C. nobilis^ and a much broader pale margin round 
the abdomen of the male than in that species as described by 
Gyllenhal, who has given the C. splendidula of Marsh, as a 
variety of C. nobilis, varying in the colour and form of the 
metallic stripe. It may be here remarked, that after death 
these beautiful stripes disappear, but it is stated that they may 
be restored by immersion in hot water; with regard to our 
species also, the antennae become fuscous towards the extre- 
mity, as well as the tarsi and apex of the tibiae. 

The species we have called C. anglica is small, orbicular, 
and after death retains the pretty green colour it is possessed 
of when alive : under a lens it is reticulated, which gave rise 
to the name it has been known by hitherto in the London 
and Norfolk collections, but which cannot be retained, having 
been already employed by Fabricius for a very different species. 

The Rev. T. Skrimshire kindly communicated the sexes of 
this beautiful insect, which died before I received them; and 
as I despaired of ever obtaining living specimens, the plant 
upon which they were found in May and June, and intended 
to accompany them, was published in the 1 19th plate; that now 
introduced is Cochlearia Danica (Danish Scurvy-grass) which 
I gathered this spring at Southwold, on the coast of Suffolk. 



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371. 
GALERUCA VIBURNI. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Galerucidas. 

Tyipe of the Genus, Chrysomela Tanaceti Linn. 

Galeruca Geof., Lat., Fab., Gyl., Sam., Curt. — Crioceris Fab., Mars. 
— Auchenia Mars. — Chrysomela Linn., Forst., Mars. 
AntenncE inserted at the base of the clypeus, never so long as the 
body, filiform and pubescent j 1 1 -jointed, basal joint subclavate, 
the stoutest and rather the longest, 2nd the smallest, the re- 
mainder sometimes decreasing in length to the apex (6). 
Labrum transverse, semiorbicular, scarcely indented in the cen- 
tre, with a few bristles on the anterior margin (1). 
Mandibles very convex externally, the inside concave and pro- 
ducing a large fleshy lobe, tridentate at the apex (2). 
MaxillcE with an ovate lobe furnished with spines at the apex ; 
external lobe narrower, attenuated, curved and spined at the 
apex (3). 

Mentum trigonate, truncated before. Lip small, suborbicular. 

Palpi small attached on each side towards the middle, triarticu- 

late, basal joint minute, 2nd subtrigonate, 3rd conical (4). 

Head transverse. Eyes rather prominent. Thorax transverse, the 

sides more or less convex. Scutellum generally obtuse at the apex. 

Elytra ovate or elliptical. Wings ample. Abdomen of the female 

sometimes very large and extending beyond the elytra. Thighs stont. 

Tibiae thickened towards the apex, which is bristly. Tarsi broad and 

cushioned beneath, 5-jointed, 1st and 2nd joints obfrigonate, the 

former the longest, 3rd bilobed, 4th very minute and indistinct, ^th 

slender clavate. Claws small, acute and simple (5, afore leg). 

Larva somewhat lanceolate, composed of many annulations, spined and 

brown, with 6 pectoral feet. Pupa ochreous. Roesel v. 2. Class 3. t. 5. 



ViBURNi Fayk.—Mars. 224. \3.—Curt. Guide, G. 424. 4. 

Pale castaneous, densely clothed with short, depressed shining 
griseous hair, and minutely and thickly punctured : antennae 
black, excepting the base of each joint : eyes and a rhombiform 
spot in front of the head black : thorax broader than the head, a 
depressed channel down the centre and the margins brown : ely- 
tra convex and much broader than the thorax : scutellum and 
shoulders brown : tibiae with the external edge and the tarsi 
brown. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



The obconic joints of the antennae distinguish the Galerucae 
from Adimonia and Luperus, and the 3rd joint is as long as 



the succeeding ones. 



The following are British species. 

1. G. Tanaceti Lijin. — Panz. 102. 2.-~Sam. jd. 2./. 13. 

A common species inhabiting the north and south of En- 
gland. It is found in May, June, September, and October, 
in chalk-pits, and on sand-hills near the sea; it sometimes fre- 
quents the ears of barley. Mr. R. Wood, of Manchester, sent 
me some curious brown varieties from the garden of Thomas 
Hall, Esq., of Stafford. 

2. G. rustica Fab. — Pa7iz. 102. 1. 

June and 18th July Whittlesea Mere, on plants in meadows. 

3. G. Cratasgi Forst. — Mars. 228.23. — sanguineaPa«2;.102.8. 
May, whitethorn- bushes. 

4. G. Viburni PJc.—Curt. Brit. Ent.pl. 371. 

The breadth and convexity of this species distinguish it 
from the following, and the black stripe on the tibiae is a va- 
luable character, but unnoticed. 

June, sandy places, Bexley. Dry woods near Swansea, 
L. W. Dillwyn, Esq. Middlemarsh woods, middle of August, 
J. C. Dale, Esq. It is said to be found upon the Guelder 
Rose (nburnwn Opuhis). 

5. G. Capreae Limi.- — Panz. 102. 7. 

May, June, and end of August, on Willows, Alders, and 
aquatic plants. 

6. G. Nymphess Li7in. — Panz. 102. 6. — The G.marginaliso^ 

my " Guide " is a variety only. 
May and June, aquatic plants. 

7. G. Sagittariae Gyll. Ins. Suec. 3. 511. 8. 

Inhabits the common Arrow-head {Sagittaria sagitt'ifolia\ 
and other aquatic plants. Gyll. 

8. G. Calmariensis Linn. — Lythri Gyll. 

May and beginning of June, on Lyihrum Salicaria (pi. 289), 
and other aquatic plants. 

9. G. lineola Fah.—Panz. 102. 5. 

On Willows and aquatic plants, common. 

10. G. xanthomelsena Schr. P — Calmariensis Fab. — Lot. — 

Gyl. 3. 508. 6. 
Feeds on the leaves of Elm-trees. Gyll. 

11. G. tenella Linn.— Panz. 102. 9. 
Marshes, on Alders and Willows, in July. 

The Plant is Feronica serpylUfoUa (Smooth Speedwell). 



366 




"1 



366. 
ADIMONIA QUADRIMACULATA. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. GalerucidjB. 

Type of the Genus, Chrysomela halensis Linn. 

Adimonia Schr., Sam., Curt. — Galeruca Lett., Fab., Gyl. — Crioceiis 
Fab., Poh:;.— Auchenia Marsh. — Chrysomela Linn., Marsh. 
AntenncE inserted between the eyes, approximating, not so long- 
as the body, filiform, 1 1 -jointed, pubescent, excepting the 3 first 
joints, and pilose, basal and 4th joints the longest, the former 
the stoutest, clavate, 2nd and 3rd the shortest, 4th a little 
longer than the following, somewhat elongate-obconic, terminal 
joint not longer than the penultimate, conical (6). 
Labntm semiorbicular, deeply notched, with a few short bristles 
in front and a long one on each side (1). 

Mandibles subtrigonate, convex, one having 3, the other 4 teeth 
at the apex; internal margin ciliated (2). 

Maxilloe short, terminated by two distinct lobes, the internal one 
densely ciliated with short bristles at the apex, twice as broad as 
the external lobe, which is furnished at the apex with a few long- 
bristles. Palpi rather stout, 4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd 
longer subtrapezate, 3rd the largest, pilose, pyriform- truncate, 
4th not larger than the 2nd, conical (3). 

Mention transverse. Lip thick fleshy and rounded. Palpi short, 

considerably smaller than the maxillary, remote triarticulate, 

basal joint short, 2nd robust somewhat trigonate-globose pilose, 

3rd smaller conical (4). 

Head short and small. Eyes rather prominent. Thorax transverse, 

broader than the head, sides with a narrow margin. Scutellum tri- 

gonate. Elytra considerably broader than the thorax and rounded 

at the apex. Wings ample. Abdomen large in the females. Thighs 

alike. Tibije simple. Tarsi densely clothed with pile beneath, ^-jointed, 

basal joint long, elongate-obtrigonate, '3rd bilobed, 4th minute, 5th 

nearly as long as the basal joint, clavate. Claws stnall and acute (5). 



QuADRiMACULATA Linn. Faun. Suec. 173. .5/1. — Curtis's Guide, 
Gen. 425, 3. 

Smooth shining, bright ochreous : antennae and legs pubescent : 
eyes and base of the head black, with a strong longitudinal groove : 
thorax with a transverse impression at the base, and an indistinct 
fovea on each side : elytra irregularl-y punctured, with 2 black 
spots at the base, and 2 beyond the middle, much larger, some- 
times extending nearly to the apex : postpectus and abdomen 
black : antennse towards their extremities, and the tarsi some- 
times dusky. 

/// the Author's and other Cabuiets. 



This little group seems to connect Galeruca and Luperus, and 
as the three species which it comprises associate remarkably 
well, I think they ought to be separated from Galeruca, al- 
though ihey are at present included in that germs by Latreille. 
The Adimoniaj are distinguished by the shortness and nearly 
equal length of the 2nd and 3rd joints of the antennae, by a 
narrower thorax, a triangular scutellum, and a differently 
formed labrum. 

I shall describe our British species. 

1. A. Alni Linn. F. S. 511.— Marsh. 172. 1.—Panz. 102. 3. 

3^ lines long. Much broader than the following: vio- 
laceous or deep blue, punctured: antennae and eyes 
black : head with a small deep fovea in front : thorax 
short, rather broadest at the base : elytra broad and 
large, finely and thickly punctured : legs blackish. 
This Insect is very rare in England, although abundant in 
Sweden and I believe also in France. It feeds on the leaves 
of the Alder, and is supposed to have been found in May. 

2. A. halensis Linn. Si/st. Nat. 2. 589. 20.— Marsh. 177. 18. 

— nijjricornis Fab. — Panz. 91. 9. 
3 lines long. Smooth, shining, ochreous, irregularly 
punctured: antennae and eyes black; a puncture or 
short groove in the middle of the face ; the base of the 
head green: thorax short, with an impression down 
the middle and a distinct fovea on each side, also a 
black or violaceous spot on each side beneath : scutel- 
lum black : elytra bright green, sometimes blue and 
strongly punctured : tarsi and tips of tibiae blackish. 
This beautiful insect is sometimes very abundant, and is 
found upon the furze, grass, &c. in hedges, meadows, and on 
heaths, from the end of July to the end of October. 

3. A. 4-maculata Linn. — Curtis B. E. pi. 366. — bimaculata 

Panz. 48. 16, but I never saw a specimen with the an- 
tennae so short. 
This fine species was I believe first discovered by Miss Hill, 
near Richmond ; it was afterwards taken by the late Mr. Scales 
at Halvergate in Norfolk, and I took it in company with Mr. 
Dale at Whittlesea Mere. It inhabits rushes and other aquatic 
plants in ditches from the end of June to the middle of July. 

The Plant is Allium ursinum (Ramsons). 



« 



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I 



// 



370. 
LUPERUS BRASSIC/E. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Galerucidae. 

Tijpe of the Genus, Chrysomela flavipes Linn. 

LuPKRUS Geo/., Oliv., Lat., Sam., Curt. — Altica Pajiz. — Crioceris 
Fab., Panz., Mars. — Auchenia Mars. — Galleruca GijL — Chryso- 
mela Linn. 

Antennce approximating, inserted in the centre of the face, as 
long as the body in the female, longer in the male, filiform, pu- 
bescent, 1 1 -jointed, basal joint robust, 2nd short, 3rd not mucli 
longer than the 2nd, 4th and remainder very long, slightly en- 
larged at the apex, the terminal joint acute [Q). 
Labrum transverse, anterior angles rounded, producing a few 
bristles, with a small lobe in the centre (1). 
Mandibles subtrigonate, external margin convex, acute at the 
apex, with a small tooth below, the internal margin membranous 
and pubescent (2). 

MaxillcE with a large oval internal lobe, having a dense brush 
of curved hair at the apex : external lobe narrower, obtuse, pro- 
ducing a few bristles at the apex. Palpi rather stout and 4- 
jointed, basal joint small, 2nd trapezate, 3rd the largest subcla- 
vate-truncate, 4th conical and pilose (3). 

Mentum small subquadrate, the anterior margin and the sides 
concave. Lip comparatively large, oval and fleshy. Palpi in- 
serted on each side of the lip towards the middle, short triarti- 
culate, basal joint very minute, 2nd stout obconic, 3rd smaller 
subovate (4). 
Males smaller than the females. Head nearhj or quite as broad as the 
thorax. Eyes rather prominent. Thorax slightly transverse, the 
sides rounded. Scutellum minute. Elytra elliptical. Wings ample. 
Thighs equally thick. Tibiae simple, hinder slightly curved. Tarsi 
rather long, very pubescent beneath and 4-jointed, basal joint much 
longer than the 2nd, except in the anterior pair, 3rd joint bilobed, 
4th clavate. Claws bent and acute, with a tooth near the base (5, 
afore leg). 
Obs. the dissections and characters are from L. rufipes. 



Brassic^ Panz. 21. 18. — Curtis's Guide, Gen. 426. 3. — suturella III. 
— circumfusa Mars. — Spartii Ent. Heft. 

Black, shining : antennae not much longer in the male than 
female, 2nd and 3rd joints nearly of equal length, the 3 basal 
joints ochreous : thorax with the anterior portion ochreous, form- 
ing 3 lobes : elytra sparingly and faintly punctured, with abroad, 
pale ochreous stripe on each : 4 anterior legs with the tibiae and 
the lips of the thighs dull ochreous. 

In the Author's and other Cabi""*^. 



These insects considerably resemble the Halticae in habit, 
particularly in their long and slender antennae, but the poste- 
rior thighs are not incrassated. They are also nearly related 
to the Adimoniae (pi, 366) ; but besides essential differences 
in the structure of the labrum and mandibles, the joints of the 
antennae, especially of the males, are greatly elongated, with 
the exception of the 3 basal joints, the 2nd also is generally 
shorter than the 3rd. 

This little genus contains 3 British species. 

1. L. rufipes Fab. Ent. Syst. v. 1. pars 2. p. 10. n. 39. — Panz. 

32. 5. — longicornis Fab. mas. — flavipes var. Paylc. 

2 lines to 2^ long. Bluish black, shining : antennae very 
long in the male, fuscous, 3 or 4 basal joints ochreous : elytra 
thickly and minutely punctured : legs ochraceous, 4 posterior 
thighs black at the base, and sometimes the anterior also. 

Found in May, on Hazels, &c. : beginning of June, Oaks 
Parley Copse and New Forest ; end of June and beginning of 
July on the underside of the leaves of Sallows : also near 
Swansea. 

2. L. flavipes Linn. S. N. 2. 601. 106.—Pa7iz. 32. 4. 

H line to 2^ long. Blue black, shining: antennae fuscous, 
the 3 basal joints generally ochreous: thorax ochraceous : ely- 
tra faintly, but thickly punctured : legs ochreous, base of the 
thighs and tips of the tarsi piceous. 

Found in da,mp woods, on bushes ; Shooter's Hill ; end of 
June and beginning of July, feeding on the underside of hazel 
leaves, Ambleside ; also near Swansea. 

3. L. Brassicae Panz. — Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 370. 

Panzer having published this insect in 1795, 1 have adopted 
his name. Taken by Mr. Wailes near Newcastle ; on a furze- 
bush in Norfolk ; and Mr. Millard used to find it near Bristol 
on the same plant ; by Mr. Dale on Parley Heath and Copse, 
and near Stafford, Dorset; near Swansea, by Mr. Dillwyn. 
It is found from the middle of June to the middle of August. 

I discovered a pretty species in July, 1830, upon grass at 
the summit of the Puy de Dome, in Auvergne ; and as I think 
that it may occur on some of our Welsh mountains I shall 
describe it, lest it should be overlooked : at a considerably 
less elevation I took the Chrysomela cerealis, which has been 
found on Snowdon. 

L. montanus Curt. MSS. — 1^ line long. Green shining: an- 
tennas fuscous, 3 basal joints ochreous : thorax ochre- 
ous : elytra thickly and strongly punctured : legs, in- 
cluding the coxae, entirely bright ochre. 

The Plant is Orchis Morio (Meadow Orchis), 




630 




/ 




^ 



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-/ 




630. 
ALTICA OCHRIPES. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Chrysomelidae. — Galerucitse Lat. 

Type of the Genus, Chrysomela Nemorum Linn. 
Altica Geoff., Oliv.,Ill.,Lat. — Haltica Gyll., Curt. — Saltatrices ///. 
Antennee inserted a little before the eyes, on each side the cly- 
peus, rather shorter than the insect, filiform, compressed, pube- 
scent, 11-jointed, basal joint elongate-clavate, curved, 2nd glo- 
bose, 3rd cup-shaped, 4th dilated very large, the remainder 
oblong, slightly increasing in length, the apical joint being 
nearly as long as the 1st (6 ^), 2nd and 3rd joints ovate in the 
female, the remainder considerably elongated, especially the 4th. 
Labrum large transverse, a little narrowed before, the anterior 
margin slightly emarginate, with a few short bristles (1). 
Mandibles semilunate, one terminated by 3, the other by 4 sharp 
teeth, the 2nd being the longest, the lower one the smallest (2). 
Maxilla small, terminated by 2 lobes, densely ciliated at the 
apex, the inner one suborbicular, the outer one clavate, being 
an articulated subovate lobe. Palpi moderately long and stout, 
4-jointed, basal joint small, 2nd a little the longest, clavate, 
truncated obliquely, 3rd nearly as long, broader at the apex, 
rhomboidal, 4th stout and conical (3). 

Mentuni suborbicular, the basal angles produced. Labium sub- 
ovate, homy and truncated at the base with a leathery margin 
in front, the sides excavated to receive the Palpi, which are very 
short stout and triarticulate, basal joint cup-shaped, 2nd rhom- 
boidal, 3rd slender, pear-shaped (4). 
Head suborbicular : eyes lateral, globose, prominent and not touching 
the Thorax which is not broad yet transverse : scutel minute. Elytra 
broader than the thorax, elliptical: wings ample. Legs, hinder 
rather the longest and formed for leaping, the thighs being incrus- 
sated : tibiae clavate, hinder pectinated externally towards the apex : 
tarsi not so long as the tibicB, attached to the apex, very pubescent 
beneath, 4-jointed, basal joint obtrigonate, elongated in the hinder 
pair, "ind joint shorter, 3rd bilobed, 4th slender clavate (5 f)- 
Obs. The species dissected and described is A. antennata (J . 

OcHRiPES Curt. Guide, Gen. 427. 4. 

Black, shining, thickly punctured ; antennae with the 3 basal 
joints ochreous in the male, the 4th and 5th black, the latter in- 
crassated, the remainder ochreous-brown, sometimes black ; en- 
tirely ochreous in the female, brightest at the base, the 5th joint 
elongated (6 $ ) : elytra with a broad ochreous stripe on each, 
not reaching the apex, with a large subtrigonate black space 
on the outer margin, rarely passing through and forming a black 
bar across the middle: legs bright ochre, hinder thighs black. 

Geoffroy, who constituted this genus, havuig called it Altica, 
the original spelling is retained, although Haltica may be con- 
sidered more classical. The present is another of Illiger's 
groups, and contains so great a number of species that I can 
only give their names under the different sections. 

I. Antennae with 4th joint longer than 5th, incrassated in the male. 
1. antennata Oliv. 



II. Antennae with the 5th joint longer than the 6th, incrassated in the male. 

2. consobrina Curi. Like A. Lepidii, but very thickly and more 
coarsely punctate, dull green ; antennas black, 5th joint 
elongated, 6th small, the following broader and compressed, 
tarsi brown : 1 line. 3. Brassicae Oliv. 

4. ochripes Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 630. <?. The larger size and 
pale legs distinguish this pretty species from A. Brassicce; it 
was first discovered and communicated by the Rev. S. Hey, 
of Ockbrook, Derbyshire. 

5. Nemorum Lin?t. This is the destructive Turnip-^;!/. I 
regret having nothing to add from my own knowledge to 
the numerous statements already published regarding its 
oeconomy, but some benefit perhaps might be derived from 
destroying those cruciferous plants, such as Erysimum 
Alliaria and Cardamhie praioisis (pls.569and J 79), to which 
the Alticas are so strongly attached, for they grow in abun- 
dance in every hedge and meadow, and appear long before 
the turnips come up and attract and give support to the pa- 
rents of the future swarms that are to sweep away the crops 
of the farmer. I believe in its perfect state that it is found 
all the year round, but it is very abundant in May and Sept., 
and not un frequently attacks the radish and horseradish. 

III. Antennae with the 4th and 5th joints simple. 

a. Elytra finely punctate. 

* Thorax without a transverse impression. 

6. flexuosa Mar. — Nasturtii Ps.? — sinuata Ste. var. 7. vittata 
^te. 8. 4-pustulata Mar5. — 4-guttata S/^. 9. Lepidii ^. //". 
— nigripes P;::. — \ens, Thunb. 10. elongata ,S/^. ll.obscu- 
rella III. — atra£. H. 12. punctulata Mar. 13. melaena ///. 
14. nigroasnea Mars. 15. Cyparissite E. H. 

16. herbigradus Curt. Like^. Euphorbia, but smaller and nar- 
rower ; bright shining green, punctured, antennae and legs 
pale bright ochreous, the 4 apical joints of the former fus- 
cous, posterior thighs with a pale piceous band : | to | line. 
Beginning of June, Lymington, J. C. Dale, Esq. 

17. Euphorbiae jP. — atrocoerulea Ste. var. 18. coerulea jEJ. Jf. 
— Hyoscyami Pz. 19. Pseudacori Mar. — violacea E. H. 

** Thorax with a faint transverse impression: basal joint of tarsi distinctly 
incrassated in the males. 

20. Oleracea L. 21. indigacea///.? 22. Erucae Pz. 

b. Elytra imperfectly punctate-striate. Thorax without basal impressions. 

24. aerata Mar. 25. striatula Mar. 26. fuscicornis L. 
27. fuscipes Pz. 28. tripudiens K. 29. Rubi F. 

c. Elytra with distinct punctured striae. Thorax with strong longitudinal 

grooves connected by a transverse channel. 

31. rufipesZy. 32. femorataG?/^.? 33.nitidulaZy. 34.HelxinesZ. 
— fulvicornis F. — pulchella Ste. 35. cyanea Mar. — gau- 
densK 36. Modeeri L. 37. ferruginea Sc/»-. 38. flavaZ,. 
— similis^. 39. affinis E.H. 40. Salicariae Pk. 
The Plant is Cardamine impatiens, Impatient Ladies'- smock. 



/J86 





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486. 
MACROCNEMA UNIMACULATA. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Chrysomelidae? — Galerucitac L,at. 
Type of the Genus, Chrysomela Hyoscyami Linn. 

Macrocnema Meg. — Macronema Curt. — Altitarses III. — Altica 
Panz., Geof., Lat. — Haltica Gyl. — Chrysomela Linn. 
AntenncB inserted between and close to the margin of the eyes, 
longer than the head and thorax, slightly clavate, pubescent, 
pilose and 10-jointed, basal joint curved, longer and rather 
stouter than the 2nd, 3rd a little the shortest, the remainder 
increasing in diameter and shorter than the 4th, except the apical 
joint, which is as long as thelst, ovate and truncated obliquely(6). 
Labrum pocket-shaped, the sides towards the base dilated and 
transparent, anterior margin notched and ciliated, with a little 
protuberance in the centre and bristles across the middle (1). 
Mandibles subtrigonate, curved outside, with 4 teeth at the apex, 
the 2nd being the longest and largest, also a membranous and 
ciliated margin on the inside (2). 

MaxillcB small and bilobed, internal lobe ovate, external narrow 
curved and articulated, both ciliated. Palpi short, rather stout 
and 4-jointed, basal joint small, the remainder bristly and of 
equal size, obovate, the terminal joint subconic (3). 
Mentum subquadrate, the sides rounded, the anterior margin 
deeply concave. Lip attached by a broad membrane, the scapes 
and a lobe between them homy, the anterior margin fleshy. 
Paljn short triarticulate, basal joint cup-shaped, 2nd obovate, 
3rd conical with a gland at the apex (4). 
Head small subtrigonate, narrowed before the eyes, and subquadrate : 
eyes orbicular and sublateral. Thorax trapezate : scuteUum minute. 
JEiljxxa considerably broader than the thorax, ovate. Wings ample. 
Thighs, posterior very large, somewhat ovate, grooved beneath to 
receive the Tibiae, of which the posterior are rather short, compressed, 
dilated and hooked at the apex, with one strong triangular, and several 
small teeth ; the Tarsi in this pair are longer than the tibia and in- 
serted on the inside of them some distance from the apex, 4-jointed 
and ciliated beneath ; the basal joint is very long and clavate, 2nd 
oblong, Srd bilobed, 4th slender and clavate (f), in the others the 
basal joint is short, 2nd small and both obtrigonate (5). 

Unimaculata Curt. Guide, Gen. 428. 2*. 

Deep blue, sometimes elightly inclining to violet or green : 
mouth and antennae pitchy, the 3 basal joints of the latter fer- 
ruginous : head sparingly punctured : thorax very broad at the 
base, minutely punctured, having also numerous large punctures 
sparingly and irregularly distributed : elytra dilated before the 
middle and rather narrowed behind, the external margin con- 
cave at the middle, minutely punctured, with 11 punctured 
striae on each, the sutural one short ; brassy black beneath and 
thickly punctured : legs bright and deep ochreous, posterior 
thighs brassy black, excepting the tips, which are feiTugiuous, 
with a large round spot of the same colour on the inside at the 
base, the other thighs more or less brassy black at the base. 
In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



Macuocnema is one of Illiger's families of Haltica, charac- 
terized by him in the 6th Vol. of his Magazine, which I have 
never been able to obtain ; but Gyllenhal has transcribed them 
into the Appendix of his 4th Vol. No mention however is 
made of the anomalous antennae, which are only 10-jointed, 
the 2nd joint being wanting or lost between the 1st and 3rd; 
a character first pointed out by Mr. Haliday : it is also di- 
stinguished by the length of the posterior tarsi, which are 
attached in a groove on the inside, remote from the internal 
angle. 

The following are recorded in the "Illustrations" as British 
species, and they have all been taken in the neighbourhood 
of London excepting Nos. 2, 7 and 8^. 

1. chalcomera III. Mag. P. Dulcamaras Ent. Heft. 

2. Hyoscyami Linn. 

2'^. unimaculata Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 486. — M. August, 

amongst grass near the sea-shore. Isle of Wight, and 

on Hyoscyamus niger, near Poole. 

Linnaeus probably comprehended several of our speciesunder 

the name of Hyoscyami, and I should be inclined to consider 

our insect the same, if I had not examples different in shape 

and better answering to his description. Gyllenhal takes no 

notice of any rufous spot on the inside of the posterior thighs 

in his descriptions of H. Hyoscyami and Napi, and this latter 

species is only half the size of the former; and if Illiger's 

H. Bapce has the interstices of the elytra smooth (viz. impunc- 

tate) and the posterior femora black with the base rufescent, 

or rufous with the apex black, as stated in the Illustrations, it 

cannot be his insect, 

3. Napi Gyll. 3. 567. ^Q. 4^. Rapae ///. Mag. 

5. chrysocephala. Linn. — erythrocephala X/ww. var.? — Napi 

Fanz.21. 3. — M. July, Dover; Sept., gardens, Suffolk. 

6. rufilabris Ent. Heft. 

7. brunnipes Meg.'i — Near Dover and Cambridge. 

8. nigricollis Mar. 205. 91. — anglica Gmel. — sordida Kir. 

•Dar. — May and June, nettles and hedges, Suffolk. 
8*. marcida ///. Mag. — April, Southend, Essex. 

9. picicornis Kir. — June and July, gardens, Southend and 

Suffolk. 
9'. apicalis Ste. 
10. exoleta Linn.l — nigriceps Kir. — Coombe and Oxford, 

amongst grass. 
10\ pallida Bl. i\fa^.— Near Southend. 
36. picinaMffA-s. 206.92.— May, nettles and hedges, Mr. Sa- 

mouelle. Yorkshire, Suffolk and Oxford. 
36^ Ericae Ent. Heft. 

The Plant is Hyoscyarmis nigcr (Common Henbane). 



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435. 

CARDIAPUS MATHEWSII. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Chrysomelidae — Galerucitae hat. 

Type of the Genus, Cardiapus Mathewsii Cm-t. 
Cardiapus Curt. 

Antennce inserted between the eyes near the base of the clypeus, 
as long as the thorax, slender 1)ut slightly clavate, sparingly 
pilose, 11-jointed, basal joint a little the longest, oval and stout, 
2nd joint much shorter and more slender elongate-ovate, 4 fol- 
lowing of the same size but less ovate, the remainder incrassated 
and pubescent, 7th subobtrigonate, the 3 next ovate-truncate, 
the terminal joint nearly as long as the 1st and conical (6). 
Labnim exserted orbicular- quadrate, the margin semitransparent 
and slightly emarginate, with a single bristle on each side (1). 
Mandibles subtrigonate, circular outside, with 3 teeth at the 
apex, the apical tooth being the longest with a shoulder outside, 
furnished with a membranous margin on the inside (2). 
Maxillae with a large internal lobe, somewhat ovate j^ubescent 
and ciliated, the external one small and distinctly articulated, 
the terminal joint ovate, membranous and ciliated at the apex. 
Palpi rather short naked and 4-jointed, basal joint indistinct, 
2nd and 3rd someAvhat rhomboidal, the latter the stoutest, 4th 
twice as long, cylindric and conical at the apex (3). 
Mentum transverse. Lip subovate, base homy, apex membra- 
nous. Palpi attached to the sides of the lip, about the middle, 
short stout and triarticulate, 1st and 2nd joints subquadrate, the 
former twice as large as the latter, apical joint the size of the 
2nd, subovate (4). 
Head rather small and trigonate. Eyes prominent and remote. Thorax 
very convex, rounded before and projecting over the head, sides finely 
margined, posterior margin bisinuated, the angles obtuse, with 1 fovea, 
forming a curved elevated line on each side. Scutellum concealed. 
Elytra linear-ovate, a little broader than the thorax. Wings ample. 
Legs short, 4 anterior very similar, hinder pair longer and formed 
for leaping. Thighs incrassated, hinder pair very large and grooved 
beneath. Tibise slightly curved, ciliated towards the apex and fur- 
nished with a small spur. Tarsi rather short and 4-jointed, very 
pubescent beneath, basal joint large and cordate, except in the poste- 
rior pair, 2nd joint small, Srd broader and bilobed, 4th longer and 
clavate. Claws small (5, afore leg ; 5 f, the hind leg). 



Mathewsii Curtis' s Guide, Gen. 428'^. 1. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Hey and the Author. 



This singular insect, which I at first thought belonged to the 
Genus Dibolia of Latreille, and to which I still imagine it is 
related, has trophi that considerably resemble those of Cassida 
(pi. 127. )j which is one proof, amongst many others, of a more 
intimate (connexion between the Cassididae and the Galeru- 
cidae, than is admitted, I believe, by some naturalists ; and 
although M. Latreille has given an outline of these affinities 
in his CoJisidcrations generales, he has returned to the ar- 
rangement of his Genera Criistaceoru?n in the ' Families Natu- 
relles.' Taking into consideration foreign forms, it appears to 
me that the Cassidse and Halticae are beautifully connected by 
the Galerucae ; and for this reason I adopted the arrangement 
of the Baron Dejean in my Guide. 

Cardiapus seems to form the connecting link of the Halticae 
and Cryptocephali, having the thick posterior thighs of the 
former group with the cylindrical outline of the latter, the 
thorax projecting over the head, and the antennae rather long 
and slender. On consulting Gyllenhal's ' Insccta Suecica^ 1 
learn that the Haltica occultans (which is the type of Dibolia, 
I believe,) has appendages to the posterior tibiae; and it seems 
to want the two basal channels on the thorax, which are evi- 
dent in our genus, and so characteristic of a great portion of 
the Halticae. 

The following is a description of our species. 

C. Mathewsii, Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 435. 

Black, shining, deep blue above; head sparingly punc- 
tured : eyes and antennae black, the latter with the tip of 
the basal joint, and the whole of the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th, 
ochreous : thorax with a faint green tint firmly and thickly 
punctured on the sides, nearly free from punctures be- 
fore : elytra with 1 strongly punctured striae on each, 
the sutural one furcate at the l)ase : legs bright ochre, 
thighs black, tips of tarsi fuscous. Sometimes the upper 
side of the insect is brassy green. 
The first specimens I saw of this little beetle, were taken by 
Mr. A. Mathews on a Beech-tree in Kent, in June, and others 
were last year captured by the Rev. Samuel Hey at Monsall 
Dale in Derbyshire ; they were found in the thick moss that 
grows on the sides of the rocks. To the former gentleman 
(who is now at Lima) I am indebted for the specimen figured, 
to the latter for the one dissected. 

The Plant is Hesperis inodora (Scentless Damewort), which 
I found at Bonchurch in the Isle of Wight, the locality pointed 
out, I believe, by Dawson Turner, Esq. 




J}9t 



mrL 



/./i:- v 



582. 
CLYTHRA TRIDENTATA. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Chrysomelidae. 
Type of the Genus, Chrysomela 4-punctata Linn. 
Clytura Laich, Fab., Lat., GylL, Curt. — Cryptocephalus Fafi.jMar^. 
— Chrysomela Linn. — Melolontha Geoff. 

Antennce not longer than the thorax, inserted before the eyes, 
serrated and slightly pubescent, 11 -jointed, basal joint short, 
stout and curved at the base, 2nd small, globose, 3rd not larger, 
cup-shaped, the remainder large, distinctly articulated, cup- 
shaped or obtrigonate, being produced on the inside, terminal 
joint smaller, subovate (6). 

Labrum rather oblong, the angles rounded, anterior margin 
slightly concave and ciliated (1). 

Mandibles short stout and thick, frequently most developed in 
the males, furnished with 2 large teeth at the apex (2). 
MaxillcB short, terminated by an ovate lobe, ciliated on the in- 
side, with another on the outside, a little larger and drooping. 
Palpi short and subfusiform, 4-jointed and pilose, basal joint 
small, the remainder short and stout, especially the 2nd which 
is obtrigonate, 3rd subquadrate, 4th slenderer, ovate, with a 
gland at the apex (3). 

Mentum small, narrowed a little at the base, the anterior angles 
greatly excavated to receive the Palpi which are short, pilose 
and triarticulate, basal joint sublunate, the others longer and 
equal, the 2nd being somewhat obovate and truncated obliquely, 
the 3rd elongate -ovate (4). 
Head short vertical, immersed to the eyes when at rest, face flat : eyes 
lateral, rather prominent and oval or orbicular. Thorax transverse, 
broadest at the base, the sides generally marginated, the base lobed in 
the centre: scuteUuratrigonate, obtuse. Abdomen cy I indric : elytra 
long and elliptic : wings ample. Legs stout, especially in the males, 
in which sex the anterior are sometimes very long : thighs short : 
tibiae the same length, clavate, but not spined at the apex : tarsi di- 
lated, cushioned beneath and 4-jointed, first 2 joints obtrigonate, Srd 
bilobed, 4th slender clavate : claws simple (5, afore leg). 
Larvae living in a pear-shaped hairy case, truncated and open at the 
smaller end ; furnished with 6 pectoral feet (L, which is copied from 
Fuessley's Archives). 



Tridentata Linn. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 4S0. 1. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



England is very poor in this fine genus, for in Sweden there 
are seven native species, and twice as many in France, but 
many of these are confined to the South. As the spotted spe- 
cies have been figured by Donovan, and there are great doubts 
of two others being native insects, I have preferred represent- 



ing one which has not been figured in any of our works, that I 
am aware of. 

1. tridentata Linn. — Curt. B. E. 582. S- — longimana Fab. ^. 
Male the slenderest, the mandibles large. Green, thickly and minutely 
punctured : 2nd and 3rd joints of antennag and the upper side of the 1st 
ochi-eous ; base of thorax bisinuated, the angles somewhat lobed : elytra 
ochreous : anterior legs the longest. 

New Forest and Clapham Park Wood, Bedfordshire, 
Mr. Dale; also in Yorkshire; middle of May and middle of 
June flying in Coomb and Darent Woods, J. C. ; it is found 
on the Sallow and Hazel; Mr. J. Standish has beaten it, as 
well as the larva, off the Birch, and he observed that the beetle 
has a very strong and unpleasant scent. 

2. taxicornis Fab. — similis ///. 

Blue, thickly punctured; mandibles large and porrected in the males; 
elytra testaceous, immaculate ; thorax broad, with the sides serrated, the 
base somewhat truncated ; antennae violaceous, elongated, compressed and 
serrated. Female with the head, thorax and legs much smaller and differ- 
ently formed : 4 to 6 lines long. 

This insect being an inhabitant of the South of France and 
Tuscany, cannot be considered as a native species : Gyllenhai 
has admitted that it was described by mistake in the Faun. Suec. 

3. longipes Fab.? — Leach. — Don. 15. 520. 

Black, pubescent : elytra orange with a black spot at the shoulder and 2 
beyond the middle; antennce short and stout, with the 2nd and base of 
3rd joint orange ; anterior legs very long in the males, basal joint of the 
tarsi very long, the following not elongated : 5^ lines. 

It lives on the Hazel, and Dr. Leach took a male the end of 
May 1808 by the side of the road between Exeter and Sid- 
mouth, and a female was found in Dr. Lettsom's Collection, 
but these do not seem to agree exactly with Fabricius's insect. 

4. quadripunctata Linn. — Don. 4<. pi. 11 l.y^ 1. 2. — Panz. 106. 
10. 

Black shining, antennae very short, 2nd and 3rd joints and a spot over 
each eye orange; elytra orange-ochre, with a black spot on the shoulder 
and a larger irregular transverse one beyond the middle : legs nearly 
equal, but stoutest in the males : length 4^ lines. 
North of England ; Epping and Bexley on the Oak ; Da- 
rent and New Forest on the wing in a hot day, J. C. ; 9th 
June in abundance, Mr. Dale. 

5. Hordei Fab. 

" Brassy, shining, front broad cupi-eous : antennae serrated, black : head 

large : anterior feet elongated." Fab. 

A variety is in the British Museum supposed to have been 
taken on Barley near Glasgow, but as it is known only to in- 
habit Barbary and Portugal, its appearance in Scotland must 
be regarded as accidental. 

Malaxis (Liparis Kich.) Loeselii (Dwarf Malaxis) is another 
of the rarities for which this work is indebted to Dr. G. B. 
Jermyn of Swaffham Priors, who found it in abundance last 
June. 



39- 




4 





2,50 



35. 
CRYPTOCEPHALUS BIPUSTULATUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. . Chrysomelidse Lat., Leach. 

Type of the Genus Chrysomela sericea Linn. 
CRYPTOCEPHALUS Geoff., Fab., Lat., Marsh. Chrysomela Linn. 

Antenna inserted between and close to the eyes, remote, almost 
as long as the body, simple, somewhat filiform, 11-jointed, first 
joint large, second and third short, fourth and fifth slender, the 
following cylindric, more robust. (G.) 

Lahnrni subquadrate, coriaceous ; anterior margin emarginate, in 
the centre ciliated. (1.) 

Mandibles strongly bidentate at the apex. (3.) 
Maxilla; external lobe much larger than the internal : Palpi 
4-jointed, first joint minute, the remainder robust, last joint 
conic-cylindric, truncated at the apex. (3.) 

Mentum coriaceous, transverse, short : Lip membranaceous : 

Palpi 3-jointed, first joint minute, second robust, clavate, third 

cylindric truncated. (4.) 

Head vertical, farced into the thorax up to the eyes. Eyes sub-reniform. 

Thorax globose, nearly as broad as the elytra. Body short, ovate, 

cylindric. Tibiae without spurs. Tarsi 4!-jointed, three first jointa 

* spongy beneath, first and second obtrigonate, third snbcordate, bilobed, 

fourth cylindric. (5. a fore-leg.') 



BiPUSTULATUS Pab. Ent. Syst. t. 1. pars 2. p. 67. n. 74. — dispar 
Payk. Fa. Su. v. 2. p. 142. n. 15. var. e. 

Black, shining ; apex of elytra ochraceous, the edges black. Head 
and apex of abdomen punctured, hairy. Thorax perfectly smooth. 
Elytra with eleven punctured striae upon each. Antennae fuscous 
at their base. Legs and under side pubescent. 

In the Cabinet of Mr. Dale. 



Nothing can prove more completely the rapid progress of Ento- 
mology in this country than the extensive additions that have 
been made to this beautiful Genus within the last twelve years, 
amongst the most splendid of which is C. hiptistulatus, a single 
specimen having been captured by Mr. Dale near a coppice on 
Parley Heath, Dorset, 1st July 1823. 



Marsham in his Entomologia Britannica enumerates twelve 
species only of the true Cri/ptoeephali ; and now there are the 
following : — 



1. 


C. sexpunctatus Linn. 


11. 


C. Barbarese Linn. 


2. 


— Cory 11 Linn. 


12. 


— pusUlus Fab. -> 


3. 


— bipustnlatus Fab. 


13. 


— marginellus Bon. 


4. 


— lineola Fab. 


14. 


— dorsalls Marsh. 


5. 


— Morsel Linn. 


15. 


— frontalis Marsh. - 


6. 


— sericeus Linn. 


16. 


— exUis Schilp. MSS. 


7. 


— slmUls Leach. 


17. 


— ochraceus nob. 


8. 


— nitens Linn. 


18. 


— blllneatus Linn. 


9. 


— flavllabrls Fab. 


19. 


— lablatus Linn. 



10. — punctlger Fayk. 

C. marginellus, dorsalls and frontalis, it is generally thought 
are mere varieties of C. pnsillus, varying in diflferent degrees from 
testaceous to black ; and Dr. Leach has lately sent from Devon- 
shire to the British Museum^ either another curious variety or a 
distinct species, black with a testaceous transverse band near the 
base of the elytra. 

Mr. Dale having swept his insect off Heath growing upon a 
bank, Mrica cinerea (Fine-leaved Heath) is figured in the plate. 
It is said also by Pabricius to inhabit a very old garden flower 
Chrysanthemum coronarium. 



so6 





;;,x. /., >> ...,;• , . 



J<^ 



506. 
HELODES BECCABUNG^. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Chrysomelidaa. 

Type of the Genus, Chrysomela Phellandrii Linn. 

Helodes PayA:.,Fa6., Oliv., Gyl., Curt. — Prasocuris Xa?. — Crioceris 
Panz. — Chrysomela Linn., Marsh. 

Antenna inserted on each side the head before the eyes, as long 
as the thorax, clavate and compressed at the apex, 11 -jointed, 
basal joint a little the longest, stout and subovate, 2nd the 
smallest, subovate, 3 following nearly as long as the 1st sub- 
clavate, 6th not larger than the 2nd, the remainder forming an 
elongated pilose and distinctly articulated club, 7th joint sub- 
trigonate, 3 following cup-shaped, terminal joint the broadest, 
ovate-conic (6). 

Labrum transverse, the sides rounded, the anterior margin 
thickened and ciliated (1). 

Mandibles broad, very convex outside, bifid at the apex, one sub- 
trifid with a broad membranous margin on the inside (2). 
Maxilla short and terminated by 2 lobes of equal size, the in- 
ternal one rather broadest at the apex with a series of 4 or 5 
strong teeth on the inside, external lobe ovate and pubescent 
at the apex. Palpi short, thickest at the middle, basal joint 
the smallest subtrigonate, 2nd a little the largest and cup-shaped, 
as well as the 3rd ; 4th the longest ovate-conic, with a small 
gland at the apex (3). 

Mentum small short and transverse. Labium large thick and 

suborbicular. Palpi very short stout and biarticulate, basal joint 

cup-shaped, 2nd ovate-conic (4). 

Head suborbicular : eyes lateral, vertically ovate, not touching the 

Thorax, which is considerably broader than the head and quadrate : 

scutellum rather small. Elytra elliptical and a little broader than 

the thorax. Wings not large. Legs rather short and alike ; thighs 

rather stout; tibiae slightly clavate; tarsi cushioned beneath, 5 -jointed? 

1st and 2nd joints subtrigonate, 3rd cordate, 4th minute, 5th long 

and clavate : claws short and stout (5). 



Beccabung^ Payk. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 432. 2. — violacea Fab. 
In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



The rather irregular form of the joints composing the club 
of the antennae, the quadrate thorax with its sides simple, and 
the elongated narrow elytra, distinguish Helodes from its 
congeners. What I have considered as the 4th joint of the 
tarsus is minute and indistinct, and probably may be only the 
base of the apical joint narrowed and roundedj similarly to 
the basal joint of all antennae. 



Uejean records only 2 species, both of which are inhabitant 
of Great Britain. 

1. H. Phellandrii Linn. — Panz. fasc. 83. No. 9. — calmari- 
ensis Don. Brit. Ins. v. 6. pi. \S5.f. 1. 
Length from 2^ to 3 lines. 

Brassy black, head and thorax strongly punctured, the 
latter rather sparingly, with the lateral margins bright 
ochre: elytra with the external margin and a stripe down 
the middle of each, of the same colour; 10 rows of strong 
punctures on each, the sutural one abbreviated ; apex of 
the abdomen, base of thighs and the tibige, excepting the 
base and apex, deep and bright ochre. 
Obs. In living specimens the ochreous parts are yellow. 
This insect is found all the year round ; it is common in 
Norfolk on the Phellandrium aquaticum and Caltha palnstris 
(pi. 224'.). Mr. Samouelle states that it is found on the Cow- 
Parsnip in May and June, and Mr.Dillwyn says it occurs near 
Swansea " on plants in bogs and marshy places common." 

2. H. Beccabungae Payk. — Curt. Brit. Ent. pi. 506. — Panz. 
25. 11. 

Intense blue, often with a violaceous tint, especially on 

the elytra, eyes and club of antennae blackish, head and 

thorax sparingly but strongly punctured ; elytra finely 

wrinkled transversely, with 10 punctured striae on each, 

the sutural one not reaching the middle. 

Donovan having represented the other species, and there 

being no figure of H. Beccabujigce in any British work that I 

am aware of, this species is given in our plate. 

This insect is much attached to the Veronica Beccahunga 
(pi. 236.) and is very common in Norfolk in May and the 
beginning of June. I once took several specimens on a tall 
umbellate plant (I believe the Phellandrium) in a brook near 
Ventnor at the back of the Isle of Wight. It is also " common 
on plants in marshy places" near Swansea, L. W. Dillwyn, Esq. 
The Plant is Hippuris vulgaris (Mare's tail), on which I 
found vast numbers of a little black larva, that I think belong 
to the Chrysomela Betulce or some of the species forming the 
group now named Phaedon. 



/// 





CJU-.- 6y cJ: l$„^£. , ,£nj6n (2t/t.- /.■ fSlcC 



3 -J^^^ 
111. 

CHRYSOMELA ADONIDIS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Chrysomelidae Lat., Leach. 
Type of the Genus Chrysoniela Hsemoptera Linn. 

Chrysomela Linn., Fab., Lat., Ssc. 

AntenncE inserted close to the anterior margin of the eyes, sub- 
clavate, hairy and pubescent towards the apex, II -jointed; Jst 
joint robust, 2nd subglobose, 3rd subchwate, longer than the 
4th, 5th, and 6th, which are more robust, the remainder of equal 
size, turbinate, pedicled, the terminal one conical (G). 
Lahrum transverse, slightly emarginate and hairy, angles round- 
ed(l). 

Mandibles small concave, subtrigonate acute, bifid at the apex, 
one having a tooth on the internal edge (2). 
MaxillcE biiobed, ciliated with strong bristles, the internal lobe 
with 3 moveable claws at the apex. Palpi very robust, pilose, 
4-jointed, 1st joint small, 2nd and 3rd of equal size, clavate- 
truncate, 4th subglobose truncate (3). 

Mentum transverse. Lahiiun pentagonal, slightly emarginate 

and pilose in front. Palpi short, robust, pilose, 3-jointed, basal 

joint transverse, 2nd large subglobose, 3rd ovate truncate (4). 

Head rather small, nutant. Eyes small. Thorax transverse, narrowed 

and emarginate before, posterior margin angulated. Sternum not 

produced (9). Scutellum distinct. Body hemispheric. Wings 2. 

Legs rather short. Tibiae simple. Tarsi 4-jointed, first 3 joints 

spongij beneath, basal and 2nd joints cordate, the latter being short, 

2rd broad biiobed, 4th long subclavate. Claws simple (5* a lusus 

naturae; a, the femur ; bb', tibice ; c, the tarsus; c', basal joint of 

tarsus). 



Adonidis Fab. Ent. Sijst. v. l.pars 1. p. 312. n. 23. 

Oval,ochraceous. Mouth, clypeus, eyes, antennae, legs and under- 
side black. Thorax minutely punctured, sides not incrassated ; a 
large space down the centre dilated behind and a small spot on each 
side near the margin black. Scutellum smooth, shining black. 
Elytra margined somewhat irregularly punctured, a stripe down 
the suture, interrupted at the base, and a broad one parallel to 
and near the margin of each elytron piceous black. 

In the Cabinet of the British Museum. 



Chrysomela is one of our most extensive genera, containing 
upwards of 40 British species, some of which are extremely 



beautiful, and many of them much esteemed for their rarity, 
amongst which the following may be enumerated : 

I. Thorax with the sides simple. 

Chrysomela Adonidis Fab., Nob. 

geminata Paylc: quinquejugis Marsh. 

fulgida Tab. Si/st. Eleut. 

fastuosa Linn., Don. 6. 194. 

Viminalis imw., Panz. 78. 3: 10-punctata Marsh. 

rufipes Payk. : 1 0-notata Marsh., Don. 11.373.1.1. 

II. Thorax with the sides incrassated. 

Chrysomela incrassata Marsh. : Lamina Fab., Panz. 44. 5. 
lepida Brit. Miis. 
limbata Fab., Panz. 16. 8. 
marginata Linn., Panz. 16. 11. 
lurida Linn., Panz. 78. 1. 



Mr. Samouelle informs me, that the rare species figured was 
presented with some others to the British Museum by Dr. 
Leach, who received it from a gentleman in Lincolnshire, by 
whom it was taken. 

The extraordinary monstrosity figured in the plate (5*) has 
been introduced in consequence of its having been alluded to 
in the valuable volumes of the Introduction to Entomology 
lately published, where it is stated to be one of the most re- 
markable instances of the kind that has fallen under the obser- 
vation of the authors. The specimen of C. hcemoptei'a L. ex- 
hibiting this singular conformation, I took amongst a multi- 
tude of others many years since upon the Senecio Jacobaa ; and 
from the symmetry of the insect not being affected, its pecu- 
liarity of structure did not attract my attention until after it 
was dead. The apex of the femur of one of the hinder legs is 
lengthened obliquely, to the internal extremity of which the 
supernumerary tibia is attached ; it appears to have been move- 
able : the basal joint of the tarsus is remaining, and from its 
having a cavity for the reception of the following joint, there 
is no doubt but the remainder have been broken off by some 
accident. It is not our intention to enlarge further upon the 
subject; we only hope that a fact so curious (and rendered more 
remarkable from insects being unlike other animals in their 
organization, and undergoing 4 distinct transformations,) will 
be interesting if not valuable to the physiologist and compara- 
tive anatomist. 

Hypnum alopecurum (Fox-tail Feather-moss) is figured in 
the plate. 




A 



' )'? ?^L 

144. 
CACIDULA SCUTELLATA. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Coccinellidae Lat., Leach. 

Type of the Genus Chiysomela pectoralis Fah. 

Cacidula Meg. Chrysomela Fah., Panz. Strongylus Herbst. Sil- 
pha Marsh. Rhysobius Leach's MSS. 

AntentKB as long as the thorax, inserted at' the anterior margin 
of the eyes, remote, clavate, pilose, 1 1 -jointed, basal joint large, 
2nd small robust, 3rd long slender, 4th shorter than the 5th, the 
6th, 7th and 8th oval, the remainder forming a more robust mass, 
the terminal joint being truncated (fig. 6). 
Lahrum transverse, oval, ciliated (I). 

Mandibles bent at the apex and bifid, internal edge very thin and 
transparent (2). 

Maxillce rather long, bilobed, lobes small ciliated. Palpi very 
robust, clavate, naked, 4-jointed, basal joint minute, 2nd clavate^ 
3rd wedge-shaped, 4th trapezate truncated obliquely (3). 
Mentum large elongated, dilated and angulated anteriorly. La- 
bium suborbicular. Palpi short, robust, naked, inserted upon 
the lip, 3-jointed, basal joint minute, 2nd subclavate, 3rd ovate- 
conic (4). 
Head trigonate, sunk up to the eyes. Eyes lateral. Thorax trans- 
verse, convex, rounded behind, posterior angles not rounded. Cole- 
optra oval. Wings 2, longer than the elytra. Scutellum minute. 
Tibiae simple. Tarsi all 3-jointed, 2nd joint bilobed, 3rd long slen- 
der. Claws simple. Pulvilli none (5, afore leg). 



ScuTELLATA Herbst. Fab. Ent. Syst. v. I. pars 1. p. 327. n. 101. 
Yellowish castaneous, shining, clothed with short yellow hair. 
Head punctured. Eyes black, club of antennse blackish. Tho- 
rax rather coarsely punctured, with a plain suture down the 
centre, the sides margined. Elytra rather coarsely punctured 
and having about 8 deeply punctured and irregular striae on 
each ; Scutellum, a large triangular space in the centre at the 
base of the elytra, a spot on each side, midway, and 2 round 
spots near the suture towards the apex, dull black. 

In the Cabinets of Mr. Sparshall, Mr. Cooper, and the Author. 



This genus, which has long stood in our cabinets with Dr. 
Leach's MS. name Rhysohius, has been pubhshed with the 
name we have adopted. The Baron Dejean has included 
Nitidula litura Fab., in which he has followed Schonherr; 
but it appears rather to belong to the genus Scymnus of 
Herbst. 

1. C. pectoralis Fab. Panz. 78. 5. — rosea Marsh, j). 123. 25. 
An insect we frequently meet with on grass and plants by 

the sides of ditches and on marshes during the spring and 
summer. 

2. C. scutellata 

Was not known to inhabit Britain until Mr. Joseph Spar- 
shall and myself, in an entomological excursion to Horning 
marshes in September 1819, found several under the bark of a 
dead tree ; but in the month of March of the present year it 
was taken upon a gate post in Plaistow marshes by Abraham 
Cooper, Esq. 

This is the first example we have given of Latreille's section 
Trimera, with all the tarsi 3-jointed, it consequently associates 
with the family Coccinellidce, an appellation that we prefer to 
Aphidiphagi recently employed in the " Families Natiirelles" 
because in forming the Linnaean genera into families we can- 
not do less than retain the names of that illustrious naturalist ; 
and we cannot do better to promote the extensive and philo- 
sophic views taken of entomology at this period, than by 
making names long established and universally known, the 
stepping-stone to those which have been but recently intro- 
duced. 

For a specimen of the plant figured, Dentaria bidbifera 
(Bulbiferous Coral- wort), we are indebted to Mr. G. Charl- 
wood, who gathered it the beginning of last May at Black- 
wood's old locality, Harefield Park, Middlesex. 




I 



c^. 4c^,c,4^ c^, /./^g_^ 



k 



208. 
COCCINELLA OCELLATA. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Coccinellidae Lat., Leach. 

Type of the Genus Coccinella septem-punctata Linn. 

CocciNELLA Linn., Fab., &c. 

Jntenncc inserted before the eyes at the base of the mandibles, 
not so long as the thorax, membranous, clavate, compressed, 
pubescent, 1 1 -jointed, basal joint short, robust, cup-shaped, 2d 
ovate, 3d slender, not longer than the 2d, the 5 following short 
and filiform, the 9th broader obtrigonate, lOth transverse, 11th 
a little larger than the basal joint, subquadrate (6). 
Labrum large, pilose, transverse-oval (1). 
Mandibles subtrigonate, very much rounded externally, acute 
and bifid at the apex ; membranous and ciliated internally, 
notched towards the base, one producing an elongated tooth (2) . 
Maxillce large, terminated by 2 very pubescent lobes, the ex- 
ternal one being articulated and extending beyond the other. 
Palpi nearly as long as the antennae and very robust, 4-jointed, 
basal joint small, truncated obliquely, 2d large, subovate-trun- 
cate, 3d subquadrate, 4th very large, subsecuriform (3). 
Mentum coriaceous, subquadrate, narrowed at the base, sinuated 
anteriorly, the angles lobed. Lip elongated and membranous, 
except in the centre, dilated and pubescent anteriorly. Palpi 
arising beyond the middle, neither remote nor long, triarticulate, 
basal joint small, 2d and 3d of equal length, the former the most 
robust, the latter ovate (4). 
Head and eyes small. Thorax transverse, broadest at the base, ante- 
riorly emarginate, rounded behind. Scutellum very minute. Elytra 
hemispherical, broader than the thorax. Wings very ample, some- 
times twice as long as the elytra. Legs short. Tibiae spurred, ex- 
cepting the anterior pair. Tarsi all 4-jointed, \st and 2d joints 
dilated and cushioned beneath, the former long, the latter shorter, 
depressed obovate, dd small, slender, arising from the back of the 2d 
near the base, 4th as long as the 1st clavate. Claws dilated at the 
base and notched internally. Pulvilli none (5, afore leg). 



OcELLATA Linn. Faun. Suec. p. 156. n. 484. 

Subhemispherical, thickly and minutely punctured, shining, ru- 
fous. Head and thorax black, with 2 pale ochreous spots at 
their base, the anterior and lateral margins of the thorax of the 
same colour, with a black spot on each side near the posterior 
angles. Elytra with 9 black spots on each, ocellated with ochre, 
viz. 2, 3, 3 and a streak near the apex. Thighs and under side 
black ; tibiae piceous at their base, the apex, tarsi and antennae 
dull castaneous. 

Li the Author's and other Cabinets, 



This genus is at once a remarkable example of the value of 
structure in the combination of groups, and of the little im- 
portance of the distribution of colour when employed to di- 
stinguish species. As a genus, Coccinella is so natural that its 
appellation has never been disturbed; whereas the species com- 
posing it are so variable, that many of them have been de- 
scribed under a great variety of names. 

In our dissertation upon Hemerobius, we remarked that 
the Coccinellse were amongst the numerous insects that attack 
the Aphides and keep them within the limits prescribed by 
Providence: and we regret that our space will not allow of our 
entering upon so interesting a subject ; but this want will be 
supplied by referring to the 1st vol. of Kirby and Spence, 
pages 258 or 262, to vol. 2, pages 9 and 230; to the Entomo- 
logical Transactions ; and descriptions and ample synonyms 
to the following British species will be found in the 4th part 
of Gyllenhal, and the 2nd volume of Schonherr. 



24. 9.— 



2. 



4. 



10, 



11. 



-I6-ma- 



12, 



13 



I. C. lateralis Fab. Panz. 

frontalis P(iyk. 
impustulata ///. Gyll. 

culata Fab. 
globosa///. Gyll. — 24-punctata 

Lhin.—Don. 11. 362. 4 & 5. 

impunctata Payk. Marsh. 
14-guttata Linn. — Do7i. 7. 

243. 1. 
bis-sex-guttata Fab. Oliv. 5. 

pi. 4./. 51. 
16 -guttata Linn. 
oblongo-guttata Lin7i. — Do7u 

11. 362. 1. 
ocellata Lirm. Nob. 
7-punctata Lirm. Don. 2. 39. 5. 

—Panz. 79. 3. 
5-punctata Linn. — Don. 16. 

572. 1. 
dispar //;, — Pantherina and 

annulata Linn. Don. 7. 243. 2. 

bipunctata and 6-pustulata 

Linn. Don. 2. 39. 3. — uni- 

fascia and 4-pustulata Fab. 

Don. 7. 243. 3.— perforata 

and 7-pustulata Mar. — 4- 

punctata i)o7t. 16. 542. 
humeralis Schon. Gyll. — lunaris 

Marsh. 
variabilis 111. 4-punctata, 6- 

punctata, and 10-punctata 

Linn. — margine-punctata,8- 



14. 



15. 



16. 



17. 



19. 



20. 



21. 



22. 
23. 



24. 



25. 



punctata, and 1 1-notata Mar. 

13-maculata Don. 12. 428. 
C. instabilis III. ? — ] 0-guttata Fab. 

Linn. ? A variety probably 

of the last. 
conglomerataii««. — 14-macu- 

lata Linn. 
1 4-pustulata Linn. — Oliv. 5. 

pi. 4./. 50. 
20-punctata Fab. — 22-punctata 

Don. 2. 39. 1. 4. 
I2-punctata Linn. — Oliv. 5. pi. 

4./. 53. 
conglobata Linn- III. Panz. 

106. 5. 
1 1-punctata, tripunctata, and 

9-punctata Linn. — 4-macu- 

lata, and 10-punctata Fab. — 

collaris Payk. 
hieroglyphica Linn. — flexuosa 

Fab. — lineolata,sinuosa, and 

sinuata Marsh. 
18-guttata Linn. Marsh. 
niutabilis ///. Payk. — IcBta, lim- 

bata, 5-niaculata, 6-punctata 

and 7-notata Fab. — Don. 11. 

362. 3.— Panz. 79. 5. 
13 -punctata Linn. Don. 16. 

572. 2. and 11. 362. 2.— 14- 

punctata Don. 2. 39. 2. 
1 9-punctata Linn. 



The rare and beautiful species figured was first observed 
by Professor Hooker in Sept. 1813, upon the Wild Liquorice, 
Astragalus glycyphyllos, in a garden at Norwich. It was after- 
wards taken in other parts of Norfolk, and at Windsor in 
June : and Mr. John Phillips, to whom I am indebted for 
specimens, informed me that he captured several the end of 
March and beginning of April, at Stockton Common, York- 
shire, by shaking the Beech-trees ; and that they were found 
upon the old and dead leaves. 



<S70 




570. 

ENDOMYCHUS COCCINEUS. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Endomychidae. 

Type of the Genus, Chrysomela coccinea Linn. 

Endomychus Payk., Fab., Lat., Gyll., Curt. — Chrysomela Linn., 
DeGeer. — Tenebrio Mars. 

Antenna inserted before the eyes, not very remote, longer than 
the thorax, clavate, pubescent, 1 1 -jointed, basal joint not stouter 
than the following, clavate, 2nd short obovate, 3rd as long as the 
1st, 5 following subglobose, the remainder forming a lax dilated 
and compressed club of equal joints, 9th and 10th subovate-tri- 
gonate, 11th ovate but rather oblique at the apex (6). 
Labrum semicircular, slightly emarginate and ciliated (1). 
Mandibles subtrigonate, acutely bifid at the apex, internal mar- 
gin leathery, slightly hairy outside (2). 

MaxillcB rather slender, terminating in two lobes very hairy at 
the apex, the internal one narrow, the other longer, broad, 
curved and maxillseform. Palpi short, stout, pubescent and 
4 -jointed, basal joint minute, 2nd the longest, clavate, 3rd stout, 
cup- shaped, 4th the largest, subovate and truncated obliquely 
(3). 

Mentum transverse, emarginate before, the angles lobed. Lip 

large elongated, obovate. Palpi arising near the centre, short 

stout and biarticulate, basal joint somewhat obovate truncate, 

terminal one larger, pear-shaped, compressed at the apex (4). 

Head small and subtrigonate, immersed to the Eyes, which are small, 

lateral and orbicular. Thorax much broader, especially at the base, 

transverse, anterior angles lobed, posterior acuminate, the sides mar- 

ginated : scutellum subtrigonate. Elytra twice as broad, oval and 

convex. Wings ample. Thighs a little incrassated : tibiae simple 

and clavate : tarsi A-jointed, basal joint trigonate, 2nd bilobed, 3rd 

minute, 4th long and clavate: claws simple (5, afore leg). 



CocciNEUs Linn. — Curt. Guide, Gen. 440. 1. 

Bright scarlet, shining : head and antennae black, apex and 
mouth tawny : disc of thorax and scutellum castaneous or 
piceous : 4 large spots on the elytra black : legs piceous, the 
knees and tarsi dull ferruginous. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



This brilliant beetle is the only Endomychus that has been 
discovered. It is very similar in habit to Lycoperdina (pi. 355), 
yet there are many differences in the trophi, and the thorax 
is narrowed behind in that genus. 

Neither Latreille nor any author that I can remember has 
characterized the Larvge of Endomychus, and having found a 
considerable number of them the beginning of last May in the 



plantations of my friend Philip Bennet, Esq., of Roiigham 
Old Hall, I shall proceed to their description and history. 

In pulling the bark off the decayed stump of a Fir-tree, I 
saw some larvae apparently entangled in a white cottony web, 
which I at first thought were young glow-worms. On re- 
moving them I discovered that they were of various sizes; they 
moved slowly, and some of the largest seemed as if they were 
either dead or in a torpid state, but these proved to have been 
punctured by a little parasite allied to GnatJio dispar (Colax, 
pi. 166.), a great number of which afterwards hatched. The 
larvae were of a dead deep chocolate colour, but ferruginous 
beneath, and composed of eleven segments besides the head 
and apical joint, which were so deflexed as to be concealed as 
represented in figure L, the line showing the natural size of 
the full-grown larva. They have 6 pectoral feet, the antennae 
are short and filiform, the 1st thoracic segment is semiorbicular 
with an orange spot at each angle, the remainder are pro- 
duced and reflexed laterally so as to form 10 hooks on each 
side, the Srd, 4th, and 8th being orange-coloured, and the 
sides of the belly are similarly serrated. In three weeks some 
of these larvae became pupae of a deep ochreous colour, but 
they soon died. 

Latreille says the Endomychi live beneath the bark of 
Birch- trees, and Gyllenhal states that they inhabit fungi and 
putrid wood, and the larvae which I found appeared to be 
living amongst a thin fungus which occupies the place of the 
inner bark in decaying trees. 

E. coccineiis has been considered a rare insect in Eno-land ; 
It occurs, however, occasionally in abundance, but it is very 
local : about 20 years since it was found in multitudes in 
Coomb-wood, in May and June, under the bark of stumps of 
Alders, Willows, &c.; and I once found a specimen in Suffolk 
in September. Holt Forest, Dorset, and Sherborne: Mr. Dale. 
" Not very unfrequent on the Crwmlyn sand-hills; it has also 
been found dead by Mr. Jeffreys among the rejectamenta of 
the Neath river near Briton Ferry :" Mr. Dillwyn. 

For specimens of the Orc/ns (Habenaria) viridis (Green or 
Frog Orchis), I am indebted to Lady Blake, who gathered 
them at Bradfield and Barton in Suffolk : the root is shown 
at fig. B. 



rJrSO 






d^j^.tfyo/S.''^^ ^?% / f<S»f 



t-)% 3/ 
LYCOPERDINA BOVIST.^. 



Order Coleoptera. Fam. Endoniychidae Lea. Fungicolae Lai. 
Type of the Genus, Endomychus Bovistse Fab. 

Lycoperdina Lat., Lea, Sam., Curt. — Endomychus Fab., Paijk., 
Oliv., Panz. — Tenebrio Mars. — Galleruca Fab. 
Autenncje inserted between the eyes at the base of the clypeus, 
longer than the thorax, slightly thickened towards the apex, pu- 
bescent, 1 1 -jointed, basal joint the longest, robust, oval, 2nd and 
3rd of equal length and longer than the six following which are 
subglobose-truncate, the 9th being somewhat larger, 10th and 
] 1th a little larger, the latter subobovate and truncated oblique- 
ly, the outer angle slightly produced (6). 

Labrum transverse, the sides rounded, anterior margin concave 
and ciliated with strong bristles, except at the centre (1). 
Mandibles subtrigonate, very acute, rounded externally, internal 
margin membranous and ciliated below the middle (2). 
Maxillce terminated by a large thin triangular lobe, covered with 
pubescence and scaly hairs ; a horny lobe on the inside, dilated 
thickened and rough at the apex. Palpi short and rather robust, 
slightly pilose and 4-jointed, basal joint minute, 2nd subclavate, 
3rd subquadrate, 4th oval (3). 

Mentum horny, rough, narrowed at the middle, dilated before 
with the sides rounded. Labium transverse. Palpi remote, 
short and robust, inserted close to the anterior margin of the 
mentum, triarticulate ? basal joint somewhat cup-shaped, 2nd 
and 3rd obovate (4). 

Head subtrigonate : clypeus narrowed: eyes remote, rather prominent 
and granulated. Thorax subquadrate, anterior angles rounded, 
slightly narrowed at the base. Scutellum minute. Elytra ovate. 
Wings none. Legs rather short and robust : thighs abruptly 
clavate : tibiae incrassated beyond the middle and very pubescent, 
the anterior bristly on the inside. Tarsi 4-jointed, basal and 2nd 
joints produced beneath and cushioned, 3rd joint small, 4th long 
clavate. Claws slender and acute (5). 



BoviST^ffl Fab. Ent. Syst. 1. pars 2. p. 20. n, 34. — Curtis' s Guide, 
Gen. 441. — Lycoperdi and immaculata Lat. 
Piceous-chestnut color sometimes ochreous, smooth and shining, 
sparingly and minutely punctured, each puncture producing a 
short hair. Eyes black. Thorax with a deep channel on each 
side, extending to the middle and connected at the base by a 
transverse one. Elytra depressed at the suture with a channel 
on each side contiguous at the base and apex. Tibiae clothed 
with ochreous pubescence, especially on the inside towards their 
extremity. 

In the Author's and other Cabinets. 



Four species of Lycoperdlnae inhabit Sweden, and two of 
them France ; but one only has been discovered in Great Bri- 
tain, the L. Bovistce, which receives its names from the vegetable 
on which it feeds. They are found in puiF-balls, from Sep- 
tember to June, on commons and in fir-plantations at Coombe 
and Norwood. The Rev. G. T. Rudd and Mr. Samouelle 
once met with it in abundance near Kimpton ; and the be- 
ginning of last October Mr. Newman took a considerable 
number at Birch-wood, and he remarked that they made their 
egress through the hole in the centre at the top of the puff- 
ball. 

The horny internal maxillary lobe and the dilated and 
curiously ciliated external one are very different to any that 
I am acquainted with. Lycoperdina, like Coccinella, has 
four-jointed tarsi, and it is nearly related to Endomychus and 
Eumorphus (an extra-European group), one species of which, 
from Sumatra, (figured by Dumeril and also by Olivier under 
the name of jG. marginatus,) is a most remarkable insect, with 
the anterior tibiae emarginated, not unlike the Carabidae, and 
the elytra have a broad dilated margin, so that in fact it 
assumes somewhat the figure of that still more wonderful in- 
sect the Mormolyce jphyllodes of Hagenbach, which is a native 
of the neighbouring island of Java. 

We do not think it probable that the oeconomy of Eumor- 
phus and Mormolyce is the same, and consequently there 
may be no affinity between them ; but as it is difficult in 
arrangement to say where such anomalies ought to be placed, 
we cannot but think that it would be convenient and even na- 
tural to put Mormolyce at the beginning of the Coleoptera, 
and Eumorphus at the end. 

The genus Dasycerus, which from its triarticulate tarsi has 
been consigned to this group, is more nearly related I think 
to Latridius (p. 311.), which has probably only three jointed 
tarsi, and with which it was at first associated by Mons. La- 
treille. 

The Puff-ball or bull-fist represented with the insect is the 
Li/coperdon Bovista Linn., in which it lives. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Order 1. COLEOPTERA. Vol. II. 



Fam. CORTICARIDiE. 

131. Holoparamecus depressus 

132. Pai'aniecosoma bicolor. . 

133. Latridius elongatus . . . 

134. Bitorna crenata .... 



Plate. 

, 614 

. 606 

. 311 

. 283 



Fam. CERYLONID.E. 

135. Rhyzophagus bipustulatus 
Fam. TENEBRIONID^. 

136. Hjq)ophla;us bicolor 

137. Tenebrio obscurus . 

138. Uloma fagi . . . 

139. Opatrum tibiale . . 

140. Sarrotrium muticum 

141. BolitoiJhagus agricola 

Fam. HELOPIDyE. 

142. Helops pallidus . . . 

Fam. BLAPSIDiE. 

143. Blaps obtusa .... 
Fam. MELANDRYIDiE. 

144. Melandrj'a canaliculata 

Fam. CISTELIDiE. 

145. Omophlus amierise . . 

146. Cistela ceramboides 

Fam. LAGRID^. 

147. Lagria hirta .... 

Fam. BmCJEmJE. 

148. Hypulus biflexuosus . 

149. Hailomeuus flexuosus . 

150. Orchesia fasciata . , 



Fam. MORDELLIDiE. 

151. Mordella abdominalis . 

152. Ripiphorus paradoxus . 

Fam. CANTHARIDiE. 

153. Sitaris humeralis . . 

154. ffidemera sanguinicollis 

155. Nothus bipunctatus. 

clavipes . . 

156. Conopalpus (Zonitis) 
taceus 

157. Pyrochroa coccinea. 

158. Meloe brevicollis . 

159. Cantharis vesicatoria 

160. Lymexylon navale . 

161. HyleccEtus dermestoides 

162. Anthicus tibialis. . 

1 63. Xylophilus oculatus. 



tes 



579 



430 
331 
363 
319 
314 
586 



298 



148 



155 



622 
594 



598 



255 
474 
197 



483 
19 



340 

390 

538 

lb. 



Fam. PTINID/E. 

164. Ptinus 6-punctatus. 

165. Mezium sulcatum . 

166. Gibbium scotias . . 

167. Serrocei-us pectinatus 

168. Auobium pertinax . 

Fam. DERMESTIDyE. 

169. Dermestes lardarius 



112 

590 
279 
658 
382 
654 
714 
299 



646 
232 
342 
375 
387 



682 



1 70. Megatoma serra. . . 

171. Attagenus trifasciatus . 

1 72. Aspidiphorus orbiculatus 

Fam. BYRRHID.E. 

Nosodendron fasciculare 
Oomorphus concolor . 
Simplocaria semistriata 
Byrrhus Dennii . . . 
Throscus obtusus . . 

Fam. BUPRESTIDiE. 

Trachys minuta . . . 

Aphanisticus pusillus . 

Agrilus chryseis . . . 

Buprestis nitidula . . 

Melasis buprestoides . 

Fam. ELATERIDiE. 

Elater aterrimus . . 

Fam. CYPHONIDyE. 

Dascillus cervinus . . 
Elodes pini .... 

Fam. LAMPYRID.E. 

Lycus minutus . . . 
LampjTis noctiluca 



173. 
174, 
175. 
176. 
177. 



178. 
179. 
180. 
181. 
182. 



183. 



184, 
185. 



186. 
187. 



Plate. 

, 244 
247 
450 



246 
347 
335 
135 
163 



686 

262 

67 

31 

55 



694 



216 

602 



188. 



189. 



190, 
191, 
192, 
193, 
194. 
195, 



Fam. TELEPHORID/E. 

Telephorus cyaneus 

Fam. MELYRID.E. 

Malachius bispinosus . 

Fam. CLERIDiE. 

Tillus unifasciatus . . 
Opilus fasciatus . . . 
Thanasimus formicarius 
Clerus alvearius . . . 
Necrobia ruficoUis . . 
Corj'netes violaceus 

Fam. CISID^. 

196. Cis bidentatus . . . 

197. Cicones carpini . . . 

198. Nemosoma elongatum . 

199. Apate capucinus. . . 

Fam. BOSTRICID^. 

200. Platypus cylindrus . . 

201. Scolytus destructor. . 

202. Hylesinus scaber . . 

203. Hylurgus piniperda . . 

Fam. CURCULIONID/E. 



204. Baris analis . . . 

205. Cossonus Tardii . . . 

206. Gymnaetroii graminis . 

207. Mononychus pseudacdd 

208. Ceutorhynchus geraini 

209. PachjTbinus comari 

210. Acalles roboris . . . 

211. Orcbestes Waltoni . . 

212. Antbouomus pomonim 

213. Ehrliiaus aetUiops . . 

VOL. II. 



263 

698 



215 



167 



267 
270 
398 
44 
350 
351 



402 
149 
,•527 
271 



51 

43 

522 

104 



766 
59 
627 
292 
670 
558 
550 
678 
562 
634 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 







Plate. 


214. 


Hy]iera fasciculosa . 


. 116 


215. 


Otiorhynchus maurus . 


. 690 


216. 


Polydrusus speciosus . 


. 278 


217. 


Lixiis angustatus . . 


. 5-12 


218. 


MaQ;dalis carbonarius . 


. 212 


219. 


Apioii difforme . . . 


. 211 


220. 


Khynchites similis . . 


. 642 


221. 


Attelabus curculionoides 
Fam. BRUCHIDiE. 


. 710 


222. 


Bruchus ater . . . 
Fam. ANTHRIBID^. 


. 754 


223. 


Platyrhinus latirostris . 


. 723 


224. 


Anthribus albinus . . 


. 726 



225. 



Fam. SALPINGID^. 
Sphseriestes foveolatus 
Fam. TROGOSITIDiE. 



662 



226. 


Trogosita mauritanica . 
Fam. CUCUJID^. 


. . 734 


227. 


Cucujus spartii . . . 
Fam. PRIONIDiE. 


. . 510 


228. 


Prionus coriarius . . 
Fam. CERAMBYCIDiE. 


. . 746 


229. 
230. 
231. 
232. 
233. 


Aromia moschata . . 
Monochamus sartor 
Lamia nubila . . . 
Saperda Atkinsoni . , 
Callidium striatum . . 


. . 738 
. . 219 
. . 172 
. . 275 
. . 295 



Plate. 

234. Clytus 4-punctatus .... 199 

235. Obrium cantharinum ... 91 

236. Necydalis minor 11 

Molorchus ib. 

Fam. LEPTURIDiE. 

237. Rhagium inquisitor . . . 750 

238. Leptura apicalis 362 

Fam. CRIOCERID^. 

239. Donacia typhse 494 

240. Macroplea equiseti . . . .318 

241. Crioceris puncticollis . . . 323 

Fam. CASSIDIDiE. 

242. Cassida salicornise .... 127 
Fam. GALERUCID^. 

243. Galeruca viburni .... 371 

244. Adimonia 4-maculata . . . 366 

245. Luperus brassicaj .... 370 

246. Altica oclu-ipes 630 

247. Macrocnema unimaculata. . 486 

248. Cardiapus Mathewsii . . . 435 

Fam. CHRYSOMELIDiE. 

249. Clythra tridentata . . . .582 

250. Cryptocephalus bipustulatus . 35 

251. Helodes beccabungae . . . 506 

252. Chrysomela adonidis . . . Ill 

253. Cacicula scutellata .... 144 

254. Cocci nella ocellata .... 208 

255. Endomychus coccineus . . 570 

256. Lycoperdina bovistae . . . 355 



P^ 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 

^9^- Plate. 

^0 — Acalles roboris 550 

// 1^ -Adimonia 4-maculata 366 

50 -Agrilus chryseis 67 

// b *Altica ochripes 630 

3 D-Anobium pertinax 387 

3A-Anthicus tibialis 714 

?<?. -Anthonomus pomorum .... 562 

9f -Anthribus albinus 726 

6? -Apate capucina 271 

•/? ~ Aphanisticus pusillus 262 

■^ —Apion difforme 211 

99 -Aromia moschata 738 

fol-Aspidiphorus orbiculatus . . . 450 

^"Atopa cervina 216 

¥*/ -Attagenus tiifasciatus . . . .247 
fl "Attelabus curculionoides . . .710 

7y^-Baris anabs 766 

^ *«Bitoma crenata 283 

/3 'Blaps obtusa 148 

H -Boletophagus agricola .... 586 

?oi«Bruchus ater 754 

Si -Buprestis nitidula 31 

¥<>*Byrrhus Dennii 135 

/ 2 3-Cacidula scutellata 144 

''^ 3 -Callidium striatum 295 

<5/ ' Cantbaris vesicatoria 658 

I lY -Cardiapus Mathewsii 435 

JJc'-*Cassida salicorniae 127 

7^- Cerambyx moschatus .... 738 

7^ — Ceutorhynchus geranii .... 670 



OF COLEOPTERA. Vol. IL 

Plate. I 

Chrysomela adonidis Ill— il^ 

Cicones carpini 149- ''7 

Cis bidentatus 402 -^c, 

Cistela ceramboides 594 "-'o 

Clerus alvearius 44-63 

Clythra tridentata 582-//? 

Clytus 4-punctatus 199 "^'^Y 

CoccineUa ocellata 208 -/^Y 

Conopalpus testaceus 112 -■^p 

Corynetes violaceus 351-^^ 

Cossonus Tardii 59-7 i'" 

Crioceris puncticollis 323 - Ul 

Cryptocephalus bipustulatus . . 35 -/'J 

Cucujus spartii 510-"'!' 

Cyphon pini 602" J 5 

Dascillus cervinus 216'"6'/' 

Dermestes lardarius 682—.? ] 

Donacia typhse 494 '/f y 

Elater aterrimus 694->' ~ ^ 

Elodespini 602 ^fi' 

Endomychus coccineus .... blQ-fXiT 

Erirhinus aethiops 634- 'J^ 3 

Galeruca viburni 371'* '/J 

Gibbium scotias 342 '36 

Gymnaetron graminis 627—^6 

Hallomenus flexuosus 474-/7 

Helodes beccabungae 506— /If 

Helops pallidus 298"/^ 

Holoparamecus depressus . . .614'-/ 
Hylecoetus dermestoides . . . . 654-7 J/ 



INDEX OF PLANTS. 



^ ■ Plate. 

^A-'Hylesinus scaber 522 

73 -Hylurgus piiiiperda 104 

ffy—Hypera fasciculosa 116 

-o — Hypophhcus bicolor 430 

/Z-Hypulus biflexuosus 255 

]*J -Lagria hirta 598 

J 6/ — Lamia nubila 172 

^^"Lampyris noctiluca 698 

3-~Latridius elongatus 311 

/^^ "Leptura apicalis 362 

^7~Lixus angustatus 542 

//i'-Luperus brassicae 370 

/A i "Lycoperdina bovistae 355 

J ^ 'Lycus minutus 263 

30-Lymexylon navale 382 

■' ' -Macrocnema unimaculata . . . 486 

//O -Macroplea equiseti 318 

?^ -Magdalis carbonarius 212 

-^9 "Malachius bispinosus 167 

^ -Megatoma sen-a 244 

^ 'f -Melandrya canaliculata .... 155 

•5"'? -Melasis buprestoides 55 

•S^^VIeloe brevicollis 279 

'2i'-Mezmnx sulcatum 232 

/ 6 6 -Molorchus minor 11 

/JcMonocbamus sartor 219 

y^'Mononychus pseudacori ... 292 
i' ""Mordella abdominalis . . . 483 

i y — Necrobia ruficollis 350 

/06—Necydalis minor 11 

bb -Nemosoma elongata 327 

Y3 -Nosodendron fasciculare . . . 246 

Ai •Nothus bipunctatus 538 

> <0 i -Obrium cantbarinum 91 

A '^ffidemera sanguinicollis .... 390 
/ 1" -Omophlus armeriae 622 



Pa 



S^ 



Oomorphus concolor 347 

Opatrum tibiale 319 

Opihis fasciatus 270 

Orchesia fasciata 197' 

Orchestes Waltoni ■ . . . . 678 

Otiorhynchus maurus 690 

Pachyrbinus comari 558 

Paramecosoma bicolor .... 606 

Platj'pus cylindrus 51 

Platyrbinus latirostris .... 723 

Polydrusus speciosus 278 

Prionus coriarius 746 

Ptinus 6-punctatus 646 

Pyrocbroa cocchiea 590 

Ripipborus paradoxus . . . . 19 

Rbagium inquisitor 750 

Rbyncbites simibs 642 

Rhyzopbagus bipustulatus . . .579 

Saperda Atkinsoni 275 

Sarrotrium muticimi 314' 

Scolytus destructor 43 

Serrocerus pectinatus .... 375 

Simplocaria semistriata .... 335 

Sitaris humeraUs 340 

Spbaeriestes foveolatus .... 662' 

Telepborus cyaneus 215 

Tenebrio obscurus 331 

Thanasimus formicarius .... 398 

Throscus obtusus 163 

Tillus unifasciatus 267 

Trachys minuta 686 

Trogosita mauritanica .... 734 

Uloma fagi 363 

Xylopbihis oculatus 299 

Zonitis testacea 112 



-I 

-a. 

'70 

'It 

-3y- 
--7 

-90 

-T 

"10 

-11 
-37 

-H-i' 

- IS 

- 6'S 

-6c5. 

-¥7 

-to 

-z 
-33 



INDEX OF PLANTS IN THE ORDER IN WHICH THE PLATES 
ARE ARRANGED. 





Plate. 






Plate 


131. Thlaspi arvense . . . . 


. 614 


158. 


Cistus Heliantbemum . 


. 279 


132. Arundo Pbragmites . 


. 606 


159. 


Hippocrepis coniosa . 


. 658 


133. Opbrys apifera . . . 


. 311 


160. 


Orobanche cserulea. . 


. 382 


134. Origanum vulgare . . 


. 283 


161. 


Actaea spicata . . . 


. 654 


135. Carpinus BetuUis . . 


. 579 


162. 


Oxyria reniformis . . 


. 714 


136. Convallaria majaUs . . 


. . 430 


163. 


Scleranthus annuus 


. 299 


137. Litbospermum arvense 


. 331 


164. 


Veronica hybrida . . 


. 64 G 


138. Helleborus fcetidus . . 


. . 363 


165. 


Ornitbopus perpusillus 


. 232 


139. Peltidea canina . . . 


. . 319 


166. 


Clematis Vitalba . . 


. 342 


140. Picris echioides . . . 


. . 314 


167. 


Viburnum Lantana. . 


. 375 


141. Scilla autumnaUs . . 


. 586 


168. 


Parietaria officinabs . 


. 387 


142. Statice Armeria . . . 


. 298 


169. 


Inula dysenterica . . 


. 682 


143. Helleborus viridis . . 


. 148 


170. 


Opbrys aranifera . . 


. 244 


144. Symphytum officinale . 


. 155 


171. 


Stacbys palustris . . 


. 247 


145. Polygonum Bistorta . 


. 622 


172. 


Cynoglossum officinale 


. 450 


146. Rumex Acetosella . . 


. 594 


173. 


Valeriana Calcitrapa . 


. 246 


147. Spiraea Filipendulae. . 


. 598 


174. 


Cheiranthus sinuatus . 


. 347 


148. Orchis fusca .... 


. 255 


175. 


Chrysanthemum segetum 


. 335 


149. Sisymbrium sylvestre . 


. 474 


176. 


Cynosurus cristatus 


. 135 


150. Malva moschata . . 


. 197 


177. 


Dianthus Armeria . . 


. 163 


151. Viburnum Opulus . . 


. 483 


178. 


Bryonia dioica . . . 


. 686 


152. Achillea millefoUum . 


. 19 


179. 


Melampyrum cristatum 


. 262 


153. Scrophularia vernalis . 


. 340 


180. 


Verbena officinalis . . 


. 67 


154. Nardus stricta , . . 


. 390 


181. 


Crataegus Oxyacantha . 


. 31 


155. Gnaphabum rectum . 


. 538 


182. 


Linum perenne . . . 


. 55 


156. Vinca minor .... 


. 112 


183. 


Dactylis glomerata . . 


. 694 


157. Thymus Calamintha . 


. 590 


184. 


Verbascum nigrum . . 


. 602 



INDEX OF PLANTS. ERRATA. 



185. Orcliis ustulata . . . 

186. Euphrasia officinalis . 

187. Astragalus hj^joglottis. 

188. Primula farinosa . . 

189. Adonis autumnalis . . 

190. Lathyrus Aphaca . . 

191. Bartsia Odontites . . 

192. Chenopodiiun murale . 

193. Athamanta Libanotis . 

194. Silene anglica . . . 

195. Campanula patula . . 

196. Chenopodium acutifolium 

197. Arenaria trinervis . . 

198. Rubia peregrina . . 

199. Geum urbanum . . . 

200. Geranium pratense 

201. Ulmus campestris ? 

202. Dianthus caesius. . . 

203. Pinus sylvestris . . . 

204. Chrysocoma Linosyris 

205. Ilex Aquifolium . . . 

206. Campanula Trachelium 

207. Iris fcjetidissima, in fruit 

208. Geranium phaeum . . 

209. Comarum palustre . . 

210. Lobelia ureas . . . 

211. Veronica montana . . 

212. Viscum album mas. 

213. Listera cordata . . , 

214. Galeopsis versicolor 

215. Fragaria vesca . . . 

216. Couvallaria multiflora . 

217. Sisymbrium Sopliia 

218. Prunus Cerasus . . . 

219. Brassica campestris 

220. Carlina vulgaris . . 
Folio. 

11 line 26 add Marsh. Ent. B 



Plate. 

216 

, 263 

, 698 

, 215 

. 167 

, 267 

, 270 

. 398 

. 44 

. 350 

, 351 

, 402 

, 149 

327 

271 

51 

43 

522 

104 

766 

59 

627 

292 

670 

558 

550 

678 

562 

634 

116 

690 

278 

542 

212 

211 

642 



221. Milium effusum . 

222. Doronicum Pardalianches 

223. Acinos vulgaris . . 

224. Monotropa Hypopithy 

225. Vaccinium Vitis idaea 

226. Isatis tinctoria . . 

227. Hypericum perforatum 

228. Sambucus nigra . . 

229. Phyteuma orbiculare 

230. Saxifraga tridactylites 

231. Orobus tuberosus . 

232. Tragopogon pratensis 

233. Stellaria graminea . 

234. Chelidonium majus. 

235. Pyrus malus . . . 

236. ^thusa Cynapium . 

237. Sium latifolium . . 

238. Scutellaria minor . 

239. Typha latifoha. . . 

240. Equisetuni arvense . 

241. Carduus acanthoides 

242. Cochlearia Danica . 

243. Veronica serpyllifolia 

244. Alhum ursinum . . 

245. Orchis Morio . . 

246. Cardamine impatiens 

247. Hyoscyamus niger . 

248. Hesperis inodora . 

249. Malaxis Loeselii. . 

250. Erica cinerea . . 

251. Hippuris vulgaris . 

252. Hypnum alopecurum 

253. Dentaria bulbifera . 

254. Astragalus glycyphyllos 

255. Orchis viridis . . 

256. Lycoperdon Bovista 



Plate. 
710 
, 754 
723 
, 726 
, 662 
734 
510 
746 
738 
219 
172 
275 
295 
199 
91 
11 
750 
362 
494 
318 
323 
127 
371 
366 
370 
630 
486 
435 
582 
35 
506 
111 
144 
208 
570 
355 



•it. 358. 1. 
43 line Z^ for Lord Sidney read Lord Sydney. 

1 1 1 1" 5th line from the bottom, /or 4 read 3 distinct transformations. 

112 line 2 and 5/or Zonitis read Conopalfus. 

line 4tfor Zonitis praeusta Fab., read Conopalpus flavicollis Gyl. 
Obs. All the dissections were made fi'om the species figured. 

127 This line shows the length of the Cassida represented, which was omitted 

in the plate : it is more than one-fifth the length of the magnified figure. 

2\b^line 39 for longicornis Fad. rea(? longicornis Steph. 

216^ for The Dwarf Orchis read An Orchis, (probably maculata) was in flower, &c. 

232 Mr. Davis has lately informed me that he finds Mezium mlcatum as late as the 
middle of October, that it is frequently found amongst old waste paper in book- 
sellers' Avarehouses, and that he discovered one in an old specimen of Dyticus, 
on pulling it to pieces. 

244''after line 27 insert — II. With the club serrated internally. 

247'' ^me 11 dele ante- 

275 Saperda Atkinsoni was taken in Mr. Atkinson's garden at Grove-end, Paddington, 
in 1827. 

347''^me 21 for Eumolps read Eumolpi : I allude to the genus Lamprosomaof Kirby. 

582 Mr. Henry Denny, of Leeds, has communicated the following observations oh 
the supposed Larvae of Clythra ^.-punctata: " I suspect they inhabit Ant-hills. 
In a large nest of the Formica rufa which I procured from Kirkstall Woods, 
and kept in a box prepared for the purpose, I several times saw amongst the 
little bits of sticks, straw, and various substances of wliich these insects form 
their nests, a larva that appeared to be in a sort of case, formed of other ma- 
terials, within which it could draw itself when alarmed. In a short time these 
disap])eared, aiul some weeks after I found 3 or 4 specimens of the Clythra 4- 
punctata crawling in the box, evidently but just emerged from the pupa, as the 
elytra were quite soft and pale." 

606 It was in June, not July, that Mr. Walton took the Paramecosoma on the banks 
of the Nidd, where 1 had the pleasure of seeing it alive this year in his company. 

723 last hue but 1 for 393 read 392. 



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