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BRITISH 



FAKMEE'S MAGAZINE. 



NEW SERIES. 



n wlr |(wU- »■>»•>>>, Wi Uh oair Mw utoan aU IMC nnv-D*. Jmb 



VOL. xLvi. S^.^;AjS 



jjomxm-. 

BOaEBSON AND TUXFORD. W, STRANP. 

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INDEX. 



AgrioJlaw, calendar of, 84, l?0, 361, 349, ad, 

S3& 
Agncultnre in China, 363 
Agricultiml Boiler* and Steam-engiDu, S87 
Agricultural Education Coane,2S3, 301, 373, 4?!, 

SIS 
Agricoltand Intellkeiice, 173, 365, 448, 540 
Agiicaltnnl Law Beporta, 364 
Axricnltonl LocomotiTe Engines on the Highway 

— Meedv at FaTardun, 131 
Agricultnrd Popil Wairtad, 314, 399 
Agrictdtond Report*, 83, 171, 264, 351, 447, 438 

AoRICtri.TURAL SoflllTIIB — 

Abingdon, 31 

Bath and Weat ot En^and, 79. 3*1, 338, 383, 



Bh 



536 



5W*°(^ M>> 39S 



ud CooBtief, M 



Ko^ AgricoltDral Soektr of Wnflaml. s. 337. 

280, 438, 60a, «2S 
fioyal ^cultural Society of Ireland, 115, 381 
BoyalDabliD, I3, 419 
Royal Northmm, 980 
"— *)y ud DoKkiiKh, 31 



Taunton, 30 



Warland, 13C 
Yorluliira, 16 



Agiicnltural Stati«tio«, Siopls Plan tor the CoUac- 

tioa (J, 433 
Arable Fane, the Haii»gemeiito( 33 
Atmoaphere, Optical Phenomena of the, 481 
Atmosphere, Presaua of Phoafdisnellattciiji tbe, 

A^balian OoJmiw, thtir Coaditioii. Mmnnw, 

*T!S*^ Imparial and Goaipinliva, 177. 369, 
3oZ, 454| 646 



Bark Season, the, 537 

Bedford, Qenoal Garibaldi at, 440 

Beerer, Bw.W. Hiflt,ftSB8entationto the, lis 

Bread, Price of, 174 

Breeifing Herd, Uanagenmt of a {Friae Banrl, 

byG. Hurray, 116 ' 

Brewing in Pans, 470 
British Agricnltnre, Present AqMct at, 78 

"^ K "'** ««*«*«, 86. 174, 369, 363, 

450, 343 



Cattle, GoTemnu&t Ho^-podga for, 311 
Cattle Impactatiw and Diseasei Bill, 023 
Cattle Trade, Renew et the, 83, 171, 364, 351, 

447, 638 
Cdlar, an Ont-door, 360 
Cheese, the Use of Hadunery in Making 479 
Cheshire Farming, its IVesent Aspect and Future 

Prospects, 464 
Chicow, Price of, 174 
Clay Lands &a Shesp-beding, Uanagsment at, 

283 
Climate, on, 395 

Colonies, Onr, fw AhIa>bodied Paapeis, 44 
Com Trade, Important Meetii^ of the, 630 
Com Trade, Review of th^ B4, 175, 267, 3fi0, 463, 

644 
Covent Garden Market, 178 
Crops, Professor Asdoson on die Rotation of, 

154 
Comnoy per Imperial Mwmre. 369. 461, B46 



Drop-drill Competition, 433 
Dublin Horse Show, The, 443 

F. 

Farm Buildings, 32, 220 
Farm-honse, Th^ 195, 317. 459 
Fkum Idbom^, Value of, 476 
Farm Lessee, 496 

Farm Servants, Certificate of Character to. 98 
Farm Work, 341, 416 
Farmer with Ample Means, The, 185, 3SS 
Fanner with Narrow Means; Tbe, 350 
Farmer, the British, Present Position oT, 307 
Fakuers' Clubs— 
pcichester, IS 8 
1,313 



H( 

London (Central)^ 49, 3>9, 339, 367, 488 
MorayaUNiM 
Penrith, 33 
St Austell, 474 
Bpatksaho^ 89 
Fsnners, How to Educate Young, 600 



Cattle. 
Cattle: 
Cattle, 



lBipMteliaiiAct,3B6 
^--^ 119,317,331,333,486 
vBModof. 



Pieties, 146 

Fanner^ Small, 133 

Farmen, Something they Need, 634 

Farming, English, 348 

Fanning in Ireland, 482 

Fanning Istereit, I^teeent State and Froapects of 

the, 193 
Fanning— is it a Business ? 484 
liediW Stofi, 18. 333 



.cdbyGoo^le 



Flax Crop in Eogluid, 439 

Flu, the Cultivadoa of, 102, 344, 305, 478, 530 

Flu, the Manigement of, 41 

Food we FsUen with, the, 180 

f ONiKii Agricultunl G«m1^, 636 

Frenctk Agrienltnnl Statiatici, 537 



Game, DeatnictioD of Cropa br, 469 
Gardening, Calendar of, 83, 176, 361, 349, 446, 635 
Garibaldi at Howarda' of Bedford, 440 
Garibaldi at the Bojal Farm at Windaor, 443 
" Good Show"— Deacription of Plate, 363 
Government Inanrance Company; by Howard 

Reed, 4oa 
Grail and Game Farming, the Economy of, 473 
Grail Und, 474 

Graai I^ndi; by Cuthbert W, Johnion, Eaq., 6 
Graaiea, Artifidil, on, 460 
Graiiiw, Modem Practice of, SS4 
Grub Worm, Altered liih^ and Rotation of Ciopf 

in rahrence to th^ 313 
Guano, 346 

H. 
Hay Market!, 178, 369 
Herdi of Grsat Britain, 103, 367 
Herd*, The Killerby, &c., of Booth Castle, 183 
Hereford Ox, Deicriplion of Plate, 465 
Hide and Skin Markete, 178 
Hiffh Farming ; bnt Whure'i the Money to come 

from; 91 
Highway Act, The, 30S 
Hop Market!, 86, 177, 363, 464, 543 
Homa in Irdand, the Breeding of, 300 
Hotmi, the Breeding and Uanagement of, 516 
Hypothec, the Law of, 531 



Ireland, Agricultural Condition of, 410 
Ireland aa she is, should, and will be, 434 
Ireland, Decline of Tillage and Population in, 499 
Irish Agricultural Statistics, 468 



Leather Market, 370 
London Farmer*' Club Annual Dinner, 57 
London Great Chriatmaa Hailcet, 75 
London Sewage not to be Loat at Sea, 373 



" Manroni," Deacription of Thorongh-bred Colt, 

160 
Halt Sop, The Cfaancellor of the Exeheqner'i, 316 
Ualt Tax, A Few FiRnres about the, 359 
Halt Tax, Pseado-(^poiition to the Repeal of the, 

414 
Halt Tax, The, 149 
Malted Com for Catde, 334 
Manure from Covered and Uncovered Yards ; by 

Cuthbert W, Johnson, Esq,, 364 
Manure, Salt as a, 188 
Manure, with and witbont Corer, Value of; by 

Robert Scott Skiiving (OoM Medal), 408 



. Price of, 178, 370, 363, 454, S43 
Mannree, The New, 123 
Meteorology, 80, 16S, 263, 368, 444 
Meteorology, Practical, 16s 
Milk, Facta about, 3S3 
Mineral Theory ; by Baron Liebig, 356 

N. 



Oil Market, 36g 

Oil Cske and Grain tor Cattle, 316 

Oilcake Feeding, 38 

P. 

Partlet and Chanticleer, 411 

Piacicnltnre, 150 

Plouffb, Future Proapecta of the, 33 

Poaching Act, The New, 306 

Pottarr— 
The Malt Tu, 360 

Potato Culture, Bfiect of Phosphate and Potua 
Mannres on, 437 

Potato Cultore, Modem, 371 

Potato Market, S6, 174, 366, 363, 450, 543 

Poultry-yard Sweepings ; by Cuthbert W. John- 
son, Bsij., 83 

Practice with Science, 345 

Priie System, 9, 148 



Queensland, Colony, 236 

Queen Bertha, Description of Plate, 4S( 



Railway Estates and Surveying o, Agricnltim, 

153 
Railways, Portable Fsmi, 310 
Ram, Ur. Drife'a Blackfaced, 373 
Ram, Prize Linooln and Lacestar, Description 

of, 1 
Rams, Description of Plate, 170 
Rbvikwb— 

Agrionltnre, Ancient and Modem, 633 

Our House and Garden ; by Cathbert W. 
Johnson, Eaq., 633 

Yonatfe Compute Giaaier, 167 
Root Crops, Growing, Storing, and Consuming of, 

95 
Roots, the Growth of, 158 



Salxb or Fabminb Stock— 
Bedfoid'i, Duke of, 79 
Clifton Paatnrea, at the, 441 
Coley Farm, Newport, at, 79 
Dutch Cattie, 460 
Longland's, Ur., Shotthoma, 39 
RotEsehild'a, Sw A„ 79 
Sarsden Herd, 385 
Scotch Sales, 3S6, 637 
Smith's, Henry, Shorthorns, 3B6 
Stamford's, Eari of. Stud, 48 
Towneley'a ShoKhinna, 375 
\rmdaoT Park, in, 79 



.cdbyGoO^Ie 



Salt, Common, ttt Use on the Facm ; by Cathbert 

W. Johnion, Esq., 456 
Seedi, Price of, 86, 177, 369, 363, 454, 546 
Sowage Irrigation, 406 
Sheep, Hr. Melville'a, 43 
Sheep Dipt and Salrea, 409 
Sheep Fanmng, 99 

Sheep, the Biwding and Rearing of, 136 
Sheep, the Long-woolled, in New Zealand, 308 
Shoang Hortea, Colonel FitxwTgrtm'a Directiona 

for, 143 
Shorthonied Heifer, Deaoiption of Plata, 271 
Sbortbomed Heida of Stadley, Killaibr, and 

Wvlabv, the Bias and Progreaa of,;339, 433, 507 
Smithfiald Club, 313 

Smitbfleld Caab Show and Dinner, 65, 107 
Smithfleld Weak, 77 
Sonth Africa, Reaonrcea, &c., of, 334 
Sonthdown Wether, Deaeription of Plate, 363 
Spring Sowing, on Early, 97 
Stalliona for the Seaion, 353 
Starch, Subatitnte fbr, 166 
StatiatictJ Stadiea, 304, 400 
Stcftm Cultiration, 6a 
Steam Cnltora, Annala of, 135 
Steam Diggera and Delrere, 17 
Steam Plough Competition and Awarda, 404 
Stock, the Braediog of, 487 
Snbaoiling Idad by Steam, 40 
Saffolk Stallion, Deaeription of Plate, 971 
SufBCK Steer. Deaeription of Plat^ 88 



T. 
Tenant Right, On Eqnitable, 347 
Teitlets Notes ; by a Crotchety Farmer, 466 
■nmbor. Price of. 178, 370 
Tobacco, the Cultivation of, 1B6, SOI 
Tobacco, the Price of, 413 
Tap-diaaaing by Dame Nature ; by Cnthbert W, 

Johnson, Baq., 373 
T^edqiar Show, 14 

'Ainup Farming in Sonth Britain, 134 
Tnmip Lands, Retention of Moisture in, 46 

W. 

Weather and Weather Prophets, Sir John Hersobel 

on, 163 
Weather, the, 47 

Welsh Galloways, Description of Plate, S7 
Wheat, Imports of, 304 
Wheat, Price of, lOl 
Wheat, Prices for Twenty Years, 157 
Wheat, the Influence of Seaaons on the Produce 

of, 347 
Wheat, the Price of, in France, 417 
Wheat Trade in Franc^ 537 
" Who's there i" Description of Plate, 1 
Wine Trade in France, 537 
Wool Markets, 86, 178, 370, 363, 451, 543 
Wool Produce in South America, 379 
WoreealBT Shorthorn Show, 307 



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THB BMBBLLISHMEKTS. 



A Liocoln and Lacerter Rain 

"Wlio'a Thanr , 

A Sonez Stew . • 

WdBh GalloiraTi. 

Blaokhead Honntain Rama 

" Haearani," a Thotough-bnd Colt . 

" Oakbnd," a Short-horaad Heif«r 

Suffolk BtalHon . . 

Southdown Wetltin . 

A Good Show . , 

H«raford Ox . 

" Qiwen Bortha," a Ilicfoagh-bnd F1II7 



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THE BRITISH 

FAEMER'S MAGAZINE. 



NEW SERIES. 



PLATE I. 
BATTER8EA ROYAL: A Frizk Lincoln and Lbiobbtzr Rah. 



TBI PROPKitTY OF MB. JOHK 

Thii famoQ* nm, bred by Mr. Lynn, ia bjra aoa 
of Mr. Sandf'a sr-gninea ebsep, the propntr of 
Mr. F. Spencer, out of Mr. Lynn's Silrer Medal 
ewe of hii own breeil, Bud tbftt took tbe medal in 
the extn claia on the last occasion of the ihow 
being held in Baker Street -in 1S6]. 

BBttenea Royftl in 1862 took 'tha first priie of 
£l5 u the beat ahearling raro in the Other Lonjj- 
vool elaia at the Battenaa Mectinj:; of the Royal 
Affricoltaral Society; and in tbe iams Mason the 
lirat prize of £10 at the Stamford Shov of the 
NorthamptonBhire Society; with another first prize 
of £5, and the extra prize of £10 as the beat ram 
of anv age at thr Leicet ter Meeting of tbe Sparkeii- 
hoe Fanners* Clnb. In 1B63 he BftBin took the 
Grit price of £20 at the Worcester Meeting of the 
Itoyal Agricultural Society, and on all these four 
more famous occaiionf we met with Batteriea in 
our trarda. He haa also, however, been aa succesa- 
folaboot home, but of theae merely local doioga wn 
hftTa DO record. At Batteraea Mr. Lynn took all 
the three prizea for shearling rams, and at Wor- 
cester he beat the Lincolns outright, with two firat 
priiei and a aecond. 

His Leicester and Lincoln croaa, uniting as it 
doMqoaUty and symmetry with size, is very popular 
in certain diatricta ; and at on« of the Central 



IN, OF CHDRCH PAKU, STROXTON. 

Farmera' Club diaouaaione, a year or two eince, 
when the suMect tamed on the growth of Inatre 
wool, Mr. Ward, of Drayton, near Rockingham, 
aaid : " The difficnlty which they hod to deal with 
WBB in obtaining a proper soil for growing luatre 
wool. It seemed very extraordinary, but it waa a 
fact, that long-wool might be produced frum a 
district extending for 70 miles, and that after that 
it unavoidably became short. The Leicester and 
Lincoln sheep were almost the only sheep that 
could produce the kind of wool that Mr. Anderton 
thought they ought all to endeavour to produce. 
He mast say that being in the habit of going into 
Lincolnshire io tbe spring, he found better aheep 
at the Lincoln fairs than anywhere else. Within 
the last throe or four years he had aeen three or four 
hundred tegs pitched in a pen and sold at three 
guinsM B-piece, Many tegs in Lincolnshire 
weighed 14 stones, and aomeaamuchaa 17 atones in 
April.when thevwereayear old. Hehimaelfhadno 
particular breed ; his aheep were Leiceaters, and he 
touched them up slightly with the beat Lincolns." 
Mr.' Lynn ia not merely known bv hia Long- 
wool sheep, as he has also a good Sborthora 
herd ; and one of hie cows will be fonnd credited 
in the preaent number with great things both at 
Birraingham and Islington. 



PLATE n. 
"WHO'S THEREI" 



"Rabbits," sayaJohnaon in one of hia many and 
uufnl worka on the dog and tbe gun, " are beat con- 
fined to a wuren, for Uiey are a sad nuisance when 
nQmeniiitia the ODcloatuea. They are not worth 
theipoitman'a attention, and are more destructive 
to die bmac tluut rU otbai gam* pat together," 



This ia well pnt any way, and perhapa there is 
no better plan for keeping down such a nuiaance 
than a good hnngry ferret and a quick terrier, aa 
ao beautifully depicted in Mr. Anadell'a moraoDt 
of victory. 



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THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



THE ROYAL AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY OF ENGLAND. 



Mo^■THLT Council: ITfdiievhjf, Ike, S.—Tmml, 
Lord Peversham, Pfesideat, in the Chair ; lard Cheshun, 
Major-Geutral the Hon. A. N. Uood, Mr. Aclaad, Mr. 
Raymond Butier, Mr. Bonly, Mr. Birthropp, Mr. 
Bramsloa, M.P„ Colonel ChaUoner, Mr. Deut, M.P., 
Mr. Druce, Mr, EiaU. Mr. Brandrcth Gibbs. Mr. Fuher 
Hobbs, Mr. Iloskyns, Mr. HoUand. M.P., Mr. Jonaa, 
Mr Lawes Mr. Pain, Mr. Eandell, Mr. Shottleworth, 
Mr. Tboinpson, M.P., Mr. Ton-, Mr. Wells. Mr. Frere, 
Professor Simonds, and Dr. Voelcltcr. The foUoiring 
new Members were elected ! — 
BebT, Hotiert, Borj St. Edmiudi 
Baoileail, Thomai, Bdan Hill, Fearitli 
Chmpow, F«lii, Galwie*. C«wl*i, 8<nti 
DuTtl, Pemind R„ TM Cbttaiii de Huollei, Indra at Loua, 

Eddoaei.Thoi. Hmrf, Pontaibarj, Silop 

Fnaiui. Thomu, 37, HiUtank BiiMt, Londw, fl.W. 

Giltort, Robert, inn., Aihbj Kili. Bagh Aptoo, Noiblk 

Headinoi, John, Honl>T Hill. B«th abxldi 

HoDjwMtd, Mn. Mark! Hall, KdicdiiB 

Honuatttt, Edwin. BdwimWwe, (Mlartos, NotH. 

Uroon. Babnt, VnUMC Oik, Alnotarcb, WonaitonUM 

NitbodoD, Jaaea, DIuiewrp Hall. PMritb 

Bidden, Haaij P. A. Duchaita Maii rt ona. 

Bodittt, HilH, Weil CliETi, FieaUn, Luoa^in 



Btuldlngi, York Boid, Lwd*, be eicladed from eihtbiting 
in future at tha ahowi or thia Bocietr. The Cammittee 
further recommendod that the Slock Commitlaa be re- 
quested to frame a resolution for tha pretention of future 



m Arihar, Colebioek Park, 
Tite, Jnbfl, Bitton Alowiek 

TretHewj, Alfied HiiEh. BliekllBe, AylaabaiD, Norblk 
Waddiloie, Q. M. D„ Branioa, U«Wa 
Wall, 0«i^aYBnai,iuD.,39, NntbBailar, Durhaai 
Wallir, Joho Aotboof, Briakbara Honia, Bonth Sliield) 
Wallii, Robert, Old Ridl«T,BtockiSaldi,Naitliambetland 
Wing, Wdliam, Mukat Oreiton, Oakham. 

FINANCR9. — The Hon. Major-General Hood pnaeated 
the report, from which it appeared that the Seeretsrj'a 
nceipta dnriag the past month had been eiamined and 
fonnd cocreet. The balance in the handa of tlic bankera 
on the 80th NoTember was JEI.BflO Ba. lid. The 
Country Meering account for Woreeater wa» laid on the 
table. The Committee recommended that the namca of 
20 membera in arrear from Tariona caosea be atmck off the 
liat of the Society ; this report waa adopted. 

JouBNiL.— Mr. Thompson, M.P., reported that 
Clua Vlll. (1SB3, Miacellaneoua Eaeays) no priie 
awarded, but No. 334 nill be published in the Journal by 
arningemeut with the author. — Worcester Local Friin 
for Eisayt : Yfheu tho eaiaja competing Ibr these prizes 
were sent in, the Journal Committee resolved to appoint 
one ju^ for each dasi on the part of the Society, and to 
invite the Worceitei Iiocal Committee to appoint another. 
Two applicatiouB laadfl to the Worcester Committee with 
this object have, howcrer, reecived no reply, and the 
Journal Cammittee now propose to appoint a second Judge 
for each class in the naual manner. This report wu re- 
ceired and adopted. 

CsBUiciL. — Mr. Wren Hoskyna preaented the report, 
which was ordered by the Council to be referred hack to 
the Cbeioical Committee to pupate for pnblication in the 
Journal. 

Vbtbbinabt. — Ml. S^mond Barker rqiorted ^e re- 
commendation of the Committee l^at, in eonaequenee of 
the repeated abuse of tiie pdvilegea of entry, the diiquali- 
flcation of their pigs, and abusive language towards the 
offlicen of the Soeie^, John Dyson, of Adebbi Hotel, 
llofk SCree^ 'Leeds, tai Juom Qiahuu, of 1, ^ackbi ' 



Oenbbu. Newcastle. — Colonel ChaUoner reported 
that tho Committee recommended that the ahowyard be 
open on Monday the 18th July, and chiae on Friday eve- 
ning the a2nd, and that the trials of implements eom- 
mence on Wedncaday, Joly 13. Maps and plans of tha 
showynrd and trial gronnda were laid on the table, and the 
Council uuanimouaiy accorded their thaolu to Mr. Ton 
for the time and care he had bestowed on the selection 
of the fields. Tho Committee farther recommended that 
Mr. Jacob Wilaon be anthoriied to make aneh arrangements 
aa may be necessary to secure green food, hay, and straw 
for the purposes of the Show. In conseqnenca of lie 
change and extra quantity of land taken for tho trials of 
implementa, it was deairablo that £150 be paid to tha 
local Committee. TUi l^ort was adapted. 

The Annnal Heporta of all the standing committeea were 
twnted by the reipeetiTe Chairmen. 
Tha SUnding Committeea for 18M, Ti«., Hnmw 
Comnuttee, Jouroal Committee, ChemieU Committee, 
House Committee, Implement Committee, VeteniOT 
Committee, aad Stoek Prises Committee, were appcrinted. 
Tho Council having fixed the General Meeting ei tha 
Society for 11 o'clock on Wednesday neit. Dee. Sth, ad- 
journed to the first Wedussday in Febnuuy. 

A Special Council waa held at the riling of the Honlljy 
Council, lor the purpose of tectaving tha Beports of the 
Implements and Stock Friica Committees and of settling 
the PriM-ibeeta for tiw Sooiety'a Show «t fJewcailfc- 
upon-Tyne. 



Tha half-yaariy general mcatlnf at tUa soeiet; waa bald «■ 
Wednesday mominf, I>««mb«r 0, in Haaow BqBaie,*M 
waa veiT '<'"t atlaadsd, nndar (ha dinotita «( U* is* 
pissidnt. Lord FavnwiUM. 

TbeHanlaiy(lb.HAU,DAu) nadUw npnrt. 

EEPOBT OF THE COCNCIL, 

The Couaoil hsvs to report thst tinea the last QeneTSl 

Ueiting SIT Members have been eleoted, while 2 Qoveraofs 

and 33 Membora have died, and 23 Members have hoen 

removed from the list ; bo that the Society now eon«lK« «> 

79 Life O 



87 Ai 
1308 Life Hembera 

39fi3 Annnal Hemben 
IT Honorary Hemben, 

makuigatota1orB,143 at tha present time; being " in- 
crease of iw nlthiii the year. 

Tie Financea of the Boeiotj are in a satiEtaolorj condi- 
tion, as ia ahown bylhs Balance-sheet to the80thJune, 
which has been Jreadj publiahad in Iha Journal: vaxa 
which time the Finance Committee have reported Uiat an 
aUumt agtiott (ha Sooiety aabmitted to them np to taett 
last Meadng bad been dicharged. The funded P/op*,^ 
invested in the names of the Trustees remains at £10,*°° 
ITs. lOd. stock In the Kaw Three per aenls. 

The eoUcclion of tha arrears of ubsariptiaB hai bcM 
steadily progressing; the amout mm du. '^«'™".°* 
those in imai for SwpHHa7e«r, bell* ,e«Sli andtte 
Cintnoil hope that, byn ewl; pkyBuot gl DionM^V 



vGoti^le 



TUS M&MBR'S MAGAZINE. 



tUm, tha Henbea «111 enabla tham to fruoo tlie flnuioial 

KTUgSHanti tbt th< nMnioff jnr. 

Tie period of holdiag the BaM-jeuij Aaditi hiTing^eea 
nne obMel; ■pprodmalijd to the termliutkiii of tba balf- 
pin, tbe CoDnoil ire thiu •nabUd ts Inform the Hemben, 
U SKh idccbhIfb Jmintal, u to tbe Ittu! aUI* of ttu So- 
uati'i (ccDiinli. 

Tbe Worcauer HeaUng, luilwillistaDding tba uolaTDni- 
ifel* iraillier on >ome dija oT (lia Bbo w, foUj utklLBd Ibe 
aipocUIioiu of the CooucQ. Tbe ■athoritiea at the dt; 
ud tbe Looal Canmlttae cuttrriboted gnadj to promoU 
Ibaobjeiita oFtba BoflietT on tbe accuiiHi, aad leceiTrd at 
tha tinie tbe patilui tbonla of tba Xembeit at tbe Qeneial 
XeeHDg bald is Uw Tows HaU. 

Tha BalaoBHbMt of tba Ueetistf, vbicb is tiow laid 
httere tha Uembsn uid will be pablubed in t^ Febnurj 
Jomal, ahoKi tbat the Bjatem of diiUiballDg tbe I'araga 
bj meani a{ tiekala foniiihed to eibibiton, bai prorad 
wtafaalorj, and bu tended to lednce tbii item of eipeuae 
ia the lire Stock depirtmenL 

Tbe qsadreiuiial •jitam tor the trial of Tn^eBMBta, 
which eonunenced at Warwick, baa tenninalad thu jaar at 
Weneater, and, at tbe reqaeet of tbe CoDooil, the Imple- 
laa&t CoJBmillee hara giren tbe aabjeet (heir oarefol eon- 
■utaratiou. Tha ConnMl bare adopted the reeommenda- 
tioB of tba CMamitlaa, that tbe triali abonU. U fbnurlj 
be triaiiDial, aaoh ipeclal piizea and medala farmiaoalla- 
Dcona imptof emanta beiqc alao offered each year la the 
Cooncil nu; determiae. The foUciniiB la tbe mhedole 



SpaaUl PrlM tor Steam CiUivation, 
ISSI^~L iMMuuamTw ua> Hackihxbt roa 3bc Dun- 
AaM, Tiij.u>a, an Ccltttuioii or Lam. — Tila and 
fadek maehiiiei, diaiiung imfdaBieiiU, grobban, 
plougha, onlthraton, dad iniiabaia, rolkia, hanowa. 
1865.— II. IwrLEHmra and Uiimihebi roft tuk 
CtFLTTTiTioii ixD HtBTsaTma 01 Cbope. — Dcilla and 
dinribnlan, horaa boea, mowiog maddnai, raaplDg 
macbinea, bi^kUog nuicbiaei, hme nkea, cttta and 

ISM. — HI. — TupuudiTa uid UUHimBT tor tbi 
FaaFiBATioD or Cbofs fob Hibeii imd roB Feed- 
bo Stoce.— Steam enginea, tbraahlng micbineg, 
dnteing macbinet, mills and cmiheii, ebafi enttan, 
oike breakan, root oi^tten and pvlpen, dili? imple- 

In order to conaUer tbe moat el&ctsal veani at obTialing 
Uie pnetice of unfairlj olipplug abeep for exbibitlon at the 
Ssoatj'a CoDUtr; Maetinga.tha ConncU appointed a Com- 
•niueeto take Ihiiaubject into con>ideratiun,aad hare ^ 
piDTed of tba foUowiug regolatJOQa, which tbey truat will 
eSEctoalij pnraDl tba lecorraaoe of an eiil ao ganenJlj 

L Thai aheep aibibitad Air aa; of tha pricea niut bave 
baan naUji and Jairlg than ban aflw the lat of April 
in the -jtai of the eabibitian ; and tbat tbe dale of 
and ahttaring form part of the oenillcata of entrf . 

S. ThM two inapaalora be appointad b^ tba Caniuiil, to 
eianuDe the iheep on tbaii admiaaion t4 tba Sbow- 
jard, with inatnutiona to report to tba Gtewarda anf 
cane in whkb theiheep bate not b««a raa%aiad/«tf4r 

Tbt Coutrr U aetiiiB next Jan wU ba held ia the wedc 
aaawaneing Moadaj the IHlh Julj, and the aothotitiea at 
NeweaatlS'ai»B-TTne are making great eiattioni to plaoe 
Iht land fir the Show Yard and trial fieUa in a eoane of 



The Counell have decided on tbe Friie Bbeet for the 
Keweaatle Mae^g. That fbr Lire Stock will amonnt to 
t^D, being an iDereaae oier last jear of l&'a ; and for 
lupleBenla tbe amonot will be ffiSO, being an increaae 
em lait year of SSVi, making a total increaae of £866. 

The abore will, in addilioa to tbe u^ual priiea, inolude 
dawa for Channel Itlinda, Ajnhtre, Scoloh Horned, and 
P<J]«i Caltie, Cljdeadale aoiaee, Clte^iota, and BUck' 
Altd HowitMn Sheep. 

B7 oriw of the CeunoO, 

8« Hui. Dua. S#a«tW7. 



M r. WtDlcOMB aald ha bad gnat plaaioia iBmartng tbat 
tba laport ba ad^tad, adding tbat, aa a BiBbn who wai ooD- 
neettd with £iatei, he ttadad tbat that dtj would in IHt 
gire tha aonatT a ta*artj reeaptioa. 

Mr, Da«w, la leeeiidiw tt 
Watt of England, with wUA h> 

to the importaneo of tha Baati__ . , 

whan tha meeting bad takw piaea tbe Conidl^ Mfart 
raipceting it weald ba af *—^ '- '———»-*- — -*--- '■■- 
ngird to " ^~ 

Them 






aaeoDBactid, waa 
inlSSS, aid bet 



hll/altf* 



o hanag baaa adopted, tbe A 



BOYAL AGBICULTOBAL SOCIETY 03 ENaLAND 



£ *. i. i «.i. 




DeUTUf, AdmiblBf, 



OhenUeaJ:- 

ToiBlllE 

■aUrr 



OoiBlllni ahemUfa 



BBlMcriptlw iHarBad IfM la 
Br LoniloQ Shew . 



I> It 

la ■ • 



Br Balaac* In 



.,cs;2 



TIIK FARMER';} MAGAZINE. 

INLE-SllEET, a&TH JtSK, lfi«3. 



X a. d. 

4,tM e 1 

l.««0 13 T 



Rj K?> s iH-r C«Dt. Stock Xie,4M 



It Credit M WarnM<r Hhi 

A. N. Rood, on b«h>l( i 
id, ludlled, ud roni.d com 

WlLUlH COFILUD AlTBI 



T.) AiidltDnonlMhBir 



COUNTRY MEBTENQ ACCOUNT, AT WORCBSTEB, 

1883. 

BiciiPTS. £ 1. i. 

SDlMcriptun fran WorcntR .. .. ]800 

Adipuilon) to ihow-jud.. ., 51SS 3 1 

Saleorcatiloinsi .. .. .. Ii06 10 

InplciBciit eibibiton' pijmciitfor ifacddiDg .. 103S 19 

Noumcmbni' (eei loT eotrf ofimplddtnli .. 19 G 

r™ for entry ot liiB-itgek .. 403 10 n 

Frs for bOTH-boiH ., .. 31S D 

Feei fornune cowi ., ., .. 18 



ElPSHtimiRI. 

Shoa mud trill lardi. horicbnu), hire of hoT- 

din ud turnttilti .. 
•Repute to en(ine*tin|t plint, and Mrriige.&e, 
Jadgei : implemmilt, 1'212 ; ibxli, £S10 



iirr-intpf eton ind *• 



Mctettrj, £110 ; ban. 
■ >■— iers.£Sl 

n*Dti, £31 IOl ; 



1 ku\ wucoDtn, 

■-8d 

t, £71 Br; door- 
c.,£S8 7«. 
«..i-dge,.„t. 



I1G lOe.; etock, 
Biuula, £5 ITi.; 
£27fli.;p>diiiR 



8S 5 8 

Gi3 

MS 10 2 

e« 16 

13fl 



otdcti, bckeU, Tiilny ptptri, pucbmcDl 

]eb«li, circulvB, progitnmci, noUm, Ac. .. 
AdverlLiinK — Neiipapen, £208 1T>- Sil.; 

redwiyi nod bill pil'tiug:, £ST 12i. 
FuiCijie iDdcirrllEC £71 11«. td.; ititiDuir]-, 

£13 Gi.7d. .. 

Whtatiadbuler, £J0O: iatnraaee of, Ifle. .. 
Uij, £135 Si.«d.; ituir, £189 Bi. 81 ; ntobM, 

£301 li.6d,-. oiU,. 



<7 li.fid.; 1 
larreyiiii 



, illB; cib 1 
D, £2 Zi. «rt. 



', Ac, 



of 6r*-rDEine>, £9 9i. ; hiie of itHia- 

eniinti. £7 I iiie ol driving belt, )i\ lOi. . . 
Colli, £19 li. 2d, ; corn lod coil ucke, £111 

lOi.l bigiBndtwiae,£31Si.Td. 

B»if>;(i 

Offieiil iliit— Boud, lajfingi, aud liivelliiiE 

"P*""' 

SandtJ' •mill bille 
Frmi— Implemeu 

Miedili. £7721. 



Chaimua of FiDini 



moved n Tate of ihankr 
tbe iiduDnt nature of t) 
In vbich tbey appeared t 



»Cddic 



througb the 
taa agreed to. 

aid tatirjr 



affident Dtaoner. Tbe'iuditori did DOt diicbargB Ibeii i 
ia a lUperGcial miunar. but Ihej lhori>uithlf iookcd 
the account!, aod cirefull; txamiDed ertij voacbcr, aui 
felt that (ha Sjciel; >rtte much iodtbted to theni fur 
iilj ceodeTine >uch raluable icnice (c 



The niDlioD haiTng b. 
Mr. U.CoHUit uid 

(uditari.nDdlbeioIeof 
lioo. The Fintiice Co 
tnaiougbl)' eScicDt Iha 
qnito 10 atduooi aa Mi 
paid great atttotioD, ) 
onlj add that it hb a { 
jear'i bilanee-aheet vai 






iihed in the SmiiEj's J Dorsal 

to diipoaed of, 

beiaa,uaehidiBTquHlioa 
!. nhieh might be lefeiied to 



eelingi open, asd leporteii prewot 



mid not 






■till, BI 






loot a Soci 



a for 



iiially to tudjiBt 
meoli. Noir he niuit it the outlet altogether dlidaim an 
idea of Biyinf anjlhioj periDoill; uffeniive lo aojr gtuilena 
connected vith tbe department on vbieh be via j^oing ta ri 
milk J bnt be believed he wai onlj eipreiiing the fre 
iigoteTirr peraoa wbo look an inttieBl in (be Joarail i 
the Society *hta he laid that the priodpte on nhich thi 
Journal ■umantgad ■aiiM a prioriple that «aa likely t 
Duk* it aacaaaafal, Tbaf bad an editor wbo waa an aceon 



Ct(H)i^Ic 



THE FARMER'S UAOAZIt E. 



pinbad gfitbaiiii, pMwwl afa koovledgt et mxnj \mgatfa 
■Dd (oeaeea : bat, •pnkiiig u > pneliul nun biuult in •nch 
B auttn, be TBotnnd M u; tkuc ••« not * publtntion in Ibe 
kingdoB vhicb bid bcm •nceeaFul wben it oit mtdi th< 
dalf ef tbe sditor to contribaM ■ lufc pCFrtion of tie mitUr. 
Tka •ditar'j duty vm iMhei tbat of nTiiLiiK tha pcoduciiomof 
BtbiT panaoa; ui<liltliBtiibh*vi» qiitlaicad;iogii«cn>ilitto 
the indoatrj of the Editor at tbo /uurnaj, and bis koaw- 
ledgF of lingBBgei, ^et he mast la; that (« m my of his 
pip«n w«a mnslsUdiis of the works of foreigners, snd 
■ore not prscticul pspi'rs, they were pspers Ihst did not 
give utiatbctioo. 'Xhat bsJ been uniieisdlj said; and il 
uose from tha circnmsUnfle that, allhoagh the comiuUtve 
of the /ounuj irnrij accomplishei gentlemen, they had no 
practical acquaintance wiih the Bystem by which great 
jonmali bad been made aacoeaifuU If they entertBine'l 
aoj donbt upon the point, they had only to refer to their 
OTQ reapectable pnbliiber, Mr. Murray, who Aonld ttll 
them that tha QaarUrli, litvi'w had achieiad sacceas not 
by Ihe Editor's pelting ap arridei of his own, but lit bia 
reiiUiDgthe articles of others. Another question Ahich he 
was desiroaa of sahmiEting to them was, whether, can aid tr- 
ing the greal eipanae it was neoeasary to mcnr in orJer to 
bring forward important impraremenls, snch ni aleam cnl- 
(jritioD. Ihe time hail not arriicii wliea they Diijjht look 
over their prize-list with a view of seeing wlictlier some 

might not be adnutageaasly given op. A (hlri point he 
woidil mentian was lliis : be wished to ash gentlemen uba 
baJ beloni^ to tbe Society for many years, or who liad 
only lately joined it, whether it were Ihougbl the building 
in whicb they were iben asaombled, and lie annexes, wtre 
w,>nby of au great and to iaBueniial a corpuration? He 
thought ho aauld giie tliem reasons why a voir deciJeil 
and sweeping improTement atiouU bo msile. He wontd 
not dwell upon the faet «hich n-s referred to at the leal 
meeting of the Jonas Wehb TeBtiaiot.ii.1 CoiumitK-e, wlien. 
in r^plj to the soggestion that a porlrtii of Mr. Webb 
might be placed in this room, it was objected that Ibore 
was no apace to hang it tbcre; ho would merely point 
out that the Sntitbdeld Clnb had housed IheuiatlTes Iq a 
prelty good build log, and thai tb; Cenital farmer)' Club 
wire making prtparsliona to liausH tliemselves also in re- 
spectable quarters. The (ineation, then, wai whether, with 
the Urge funds at Ihe command of the Royal Agricultarsl 
Sooiely, thry t<x) might net more iJvaniageuDsly Isy out 
some at their money iuimproTemeatof their pre oii-'ea than 
by inieiiinn i< in ihs pnblic funda Uut, without dwrlling 






1. One 
1 this ' 






great perfection in other conntriei 

caltaral I'brery of books of reference, irue, luej^ jiaa 
many gr^ol b loks; but no funds were regnlarly hiid uut for 
the formation of a library of reference, caueisling of 
rare, carious, and eipmaiTB works, ije might be told 
tliat fev would eeiee to read the hooka if they had them ; 
■ad that might be ». Still, if only ime or two itodtnta did 
•a in the eoarie ol a year, in his opiDian thit nould npay 
tha (oaC Ha did not propoae thit tbey ahoatd open s readiog- 
rooB aopplitd with Bcwipsperi, where ptople might f-o and 
idle away tiieir time ; but he isiisted that there aD|;ht to be, 
ia caBnectim witt the_iodety, a respectable library, containing 
tb* agrieiduia) literature of Ibis and other couutcita (Heir, 
bear). Again, it bid oflca been eugj^eatcd, aud he Tcotured 
to Bpggest it once mere, that the time had srrivrd vhtn tbs 
So^ty mgtat to Iiaic ■ maieiiio itiuhei to it. He did net 
MiOB a mechasical maieniD, beciu>e be thought that would 
bt a miltake, aa thinf[> were supeneied aow-a-dayi almoit ai 
BOM as Muj were brougbl out. Kc bid bceu in EdmbiiTgli 
and had there ares tbe nnieum of tbe Highland tiociilt, com- 
riiug a beantifiil ceUcetiiin of regettble pioduetioni ef tbe 
mat exleniiie and iatemliBgcbiracter. At tbe Af>riciiUura1 
CaUcK* at Cinoeeitcr. too, there wie a flue laboratory ; and 
sonng that this Beciet J bad profetaora of European celebrity 
at iia anriaa. be Iboughl tbey would do well t* eelablieh not 
only a libiaiy, hpt ^eo a liboratory and • maseuni that would 
bewQitliy ofiht^ataloB they occupied lalbeeiiimatian of the 
pabUc They had eairied tbeir thoni to the ntmnat perfec- 
too. ntj hid awakcaed an ii^lticst and taken rootiuerery 



thitaagbltD _. , . 

the world mif tat aea what tbeywere doiug (Hear, bear]. He 
knew he migbt be met with tbe old objection about funda; 
but Ibtrt he tonk eiception to (be theory which hod bean 
laid doou by Mr. Fiiber Hobhe. Tfait gentleman bod hern 
Ulkiag to some letuiry, who took that eicemte »iew of tha 



Diailly tiken by 
lawyen reapeeting tbeiri. and be siid that the right Ihitg for 
tbe CoBQcil to do for tbe piateclion of those whi hid paid lil« 
lubsciipiione wae to inTcat tbe meney derived Itotn Ihst 
source, ai it tbey owed the life'membera an anDUity, Mow ill 
tlie Society undertook te do for a life-memher wai to snpply 
hiai with B cnpT of the Journal, which they did at au «- 
pcnMofaboatBi. a-year. Tbey alio bound themiel'ca to 
a-fmit Ibe life-membeis to the meetingi. Tbie being lo, he 
thought ibey might link these fuadi in any mBDUet that 
mlch'. be niit idrinlsgeoni to tbe aoeiely. Looking at tbe 
sUunf thtbiliBce-ihcct acd the coudiiion of tbeir fuBdi, 
and likiiiK into aeeonut tbe increased iacome thU would be 
sure (0 Bccrne from their undertaking i work of a popular 
chancier, he contidered they would bare no diffi-uliy in 
raiilDg the moecy that migbt be required for the impierc- 
meat of the Society'a houia and the ealabliabment of a good 

Sir J, H. Maiwbll ditfered from the opinion eipreued 
by Mr.aidney.lhil the /punial of the Society was not pro- 
perly condncled. Bo far Irom (bet, be hid alwayi refiarded it 
- Imirably -managed publicilton (Hear, beir). Ita great 



it appeal 






id practical aobjecla were 
wiideii, and which wai luilcd to (he capacity of evrry man, 
wbelher he belonged to the bigbeit of the educated cliises oi 
to the lowest cl>» ef firmcn. Contrsiting tbe Society'a 
Jovnat aith that of the Highland Soclely. he himself had 
had occativH, when in t^diuburgh, to UU the latter that Ibey 
would do well to lake a lesion ind pattern rrom the maDiiet 
iu which tbe Joomnlutthe Royal Society of England wae 
conducted ( Heir, bear). 

Hr. J. C. MonroN wiihed to eall atteuliou to (be fact 
that among tha lea object! for whicli the Society was incorpo- 
rated, one WIS to uke meaium fee Ibe education of 
tfaoie who depended on the cultiiatien of (be loil for Iheii 
tuppoit. He hid beeu a inenibrt of Ihe 8e?)ciy fiem tbe 
tine of ita formaliau. b>it he was not aware (bit anytbieg 
wha(enT had ye( been dene by ihe Society in diKbarge ol 
it! duty in refertnce lo that particular peiut. 

The CnAiRHAH laid; the cauie ol eduation had been 
taken up by the CJUntrj in etery part liuee that ohject wia 
agreed (o, and ha hoped ilwould continue t) ipieal. lie 
could only aay that in bia ocn ueighbouihool e'lucidon hed 
mide coniidcrtble idtaucei amoog the igricultural populalion, 
tbiURb no doubt there wii itill room for further M\i mere 
rapid proKresi in (bst dirrctioB. 

Mr. MoRtos wae iPraii^th? point wai not cleaTly uuiler- 
ttood. He ba.1 no doubt (bal the Society bid indirectly 
promoted tbe edncitiou of the ignruKQral commanity ; it did 
so alike by iti ihowa, its diicniiiona, and iti Jouraal; but 
with regard to the object refened to (No. 7), the Society had 
taken uo direct itepa fat (he edueatio.i of the profeiiien. 

Mr. SinNiY was detirons cf doing the fiilleit justice to 
tba great ability diiployed in Ihe articles which were pub- 
lished iu the Joamfli ; but ha tbooght (bnt that pnblicatinn 
might be improred by not requiring tha Editor to contribute 
two or three articles himaelf, but rather conEning him to the 
reniion uf article! furoiabad by pnctieal men. 

Oil Ihe motion of Hr. Mooan Srivitis, seeonde 1 by Sir 
J. H, Maxwill, and pal to (lie meetiuK by Lord Kibnkhb, 
a •ole ol tnanki wta piricd to Lord FeTershim, f..i bt> able 
cou'lurt in the ehiir. 

Mr, PuOKHAU siked tbe indulgence ef the meeting while 

creiied dilBeulty eTperienecd by the eihibitori in gelting 
awsy frsca tbe Society'! showa. Uuleis same stepi vera 
tshen te obriate that diflieBlty, be (eared ibeir ahow-yarda 
wonld very milerially anhr in their ehanctar. The ahow at 
Wnreeiter Ihii year eloHd on the Fr,day. At sii o'clcck on 
Ihe SitBrdsy ereniiig the Hereford itoek via ordered to be 
untied and lakeii to ihc railway aii^ioi. There a lirite poitien 
ofthat stock wae kept tbiougbo'it tne nixht by the aide of 
the tiain ; and it w*^ nvl until eight o'clock on Sood^ Barn « 



_n oat of lb> ihedi, upcMd ill tk« titnc lo 
HTKB wuiMr. Tk« whol* o( ShikIrj wm ipaDl da tha 
kmJ; mad it *■• Ihra* o'dock oa MondiT afUrnoOB vbaa 
bii CMtl* Mubad hii alaiaiilUMitk il wu duUat oalj brtf 
miUt fioB the Slnv (nnr. Imi). A (ibm mMaf uhlMton 
Mt, lad bt hlBHlf wm of opoion, that il wu qotla powiblt (at 
(h* CooDcil le Btlu baUtr imnicnMnu ailh llu rulviy 
Mtboritiw ; to paoph eoold aot ifftrd to ban Tilnabte •ol' 
■*k cipoud ia that naaoM (Haai, hau]. In eaocIadDB, 
Mr. Dackkaa iui«d aa ttaa Cooacil the prapriatj of eonialt- 
in( tbs Bitb awl Wcat «( SafUuil, ths BirDincham tut 
Midlud Caoatiai 8aulj,aad Uw BniilbSald Clib, >ilh a 
Tiaw of aadananiing to ijina apoa t UBilotni dila for tha 
caaiianicanant of the bntdisg jtti. 

Tha Cbuhmxh: Mjlordi and gentlaitiaQ, for Ibe honaoT 

Ca hara Boafeired apon me in pauiagtbe iota of Ihanls, 1 
S leSTa to tHara mj moat aiaceie and gntafal aoknoo- 
ladgmeala. To ibe gentleoiBa vho hue propoged and ae- 

.l.J .1 ■_.. _ ^ji^ ^^ j^jj ^[jg [l^j,|. ._.!;.__ 



Biilenible diffidauce in 
f tbrpreaidencywera Inot 
proaperiij of onr Hooielj 



iott not depend npoi: .... 

indiTidaal; (or the flooietj ii cow inpt ., 

eminent igrirMillanit* of Ihii soanlr;, sad it ha< also, I ba- 
lien, takea Bnn hold on a luge portion of the working 
dlaaua, aa andenced hj the oumben who Tiail the Show- 
jaril, in wbalsrer part of thr country oar eihibiiloni are 
Wd. and who teem aoiioaB (a obaerre the protireu that <b 
made and the IraproireniGnli that are cHMed throngh the 
opeiatioD and inelramentalitj of ihia inatitulion. It will 
beTcmemberadprababljbj eame KeutlemoD present (bit at 
Ihe time of the foundilion of the SDCiet; it «aa remarked 
In Lord Bpenoer, that .igrienltare was then in ill tnfkncj. 
Thii appeared perhapa to some who had not duly con- 
aidered the Diatter a lomowhit eiaggt^mied view of the 
eaae. But the Up«e of time and the reialta of eiparience 
bare fullj conSrued and eitablished tha opinion and 
authorit; of that noble lord. We hare ainee SEon ■fricnl- 
toie adrancing with wonderfully rapid itrides in evcrj de- 
parlment — jn the breeding and rearing of lire stock, in the 
manntacture of impltmeats, and in tbe Pttecaion of ma- 
ohlne^. and in oierythlng thai aa^ola the cultiiaiion of ihe 
loil. We have now arrired at an important era in the agri- 
cultnril hlitory of the eouotrj In baring witneased Ihe in- 
trodnalionor the ateam' plough. That great and slupendoni 
M*nl--et«am— haa not only brought distant landa into 
doaat proiiaitj, It baa not only gnatlj angaentcd tbe 
wavoBt of the ataple nasaFietaiii al tba conetry, and tha com- 
■area of tba natioa, bat it la dow applied alio to the niltiia- 
boa at tba mO. Thoia wbo haie adoptad the uw ajrttem 



THE PARMER'S HAOAZINB. 

■t BO nitant pn -, 

througk tba tngtk and bre&lth o( lb* land, its iliaf *!•«• 
being M dininiik the cott of pmdnellni, to angnaiit Iba pi»- 
dii«o{lbeiDil,andtoiaBd(Ttb< inl penusartlr Bora ii^ 

tik, TMm, job win Mrea w'- ■ ' '— ' 

-' i aadit ti, I tbiet 



aboatto 

aa to apeak, thdr beat upon tte niete, ibeoM MfMa a pit- 

tlaa ol Ibelf t'ua to tba atvdy o< tba nbjeet of Mmm tUlagt^ 
in otdet that (!iey eiay watch the immaia made aad tba iia* 
proTemfDti effacted, nntB iMiBai 
irmtat danaa of advaaeeaMut, aad 

it bai bitheito ai 



ring uy <iutbit 1bU> tbtt iaponaM matiM, 
■ iBEgeitiMU btrt ioMbcMi Bad* by AOmbI 
idlhaM DO doBbt tba CeaadlaftbaSaaWr' 






■a with aoiB* R)M(ts, ea be bai dm m 

biTlnf totbdi obfect tl>* iDipnTaant 

TirloBi puUenlan; ud I hen ao donbt tb«y win main 

bom tha Council doe atteation. Mr. HortOB h«i aalled tb- 

laitiOB to the inbiaclof tha adaliae •dneatfof 1 inMtN 

that il wbit he meant — nl all who aia angued io agiictflanl 

opciationi ; and that matter will alio donbtleii raoairapraptr 

ooBiideratioB. A gtDtlemaa who bai Juil Ht dowa bu 

spoken of tha great d'Sealtlai which he has aipai 

trBBapsiting hii itoek tiom the ihowi In tha erantiy 

ding, ai I dojinadlitaat part of the eoantiy.I hi 

great delay fieqniDtly ariaaa before Ibeatoek Wbleta bai btm 

eihibitad ean be got heme again; and it aay la 

can be made in thit reapeet. I an ' "" " "" 

gitttisg that oai atleetioa has Im 

tiel anatiUinc to treipaaa aaj foi 

■ill thafafofacoiidade hy eeaitata 

factory poaition of tba Boocty, and t^ elpt«ain| ay ear 

hope and eooBdaat aiptctation that tbia (nat ulioBil inatitn- 

lioa may Umg ooatinna to Boonab ; diaptnuBg, aa b>«Matai^ 

moA Talnible ioibimilioa and uaibl hnoaledg* tbroivboat 



a tha anbint. I 



tba eoaatry ; •onCaning impoitsat aod OMantial beDCflta • 
agriraltahita.ptoBotiBgtbaweUMiaiid fnrtbariag tbe latar- 
eataofaTeirdaaaoftha (OmnnDlty, and at tha laaa (iau 
eaatribntiBg to opbold tha aiabdity and niiataiu tha ff 
amiaeoea of tba Bntiah Empin (ebaaia). 

Before tba mtatinr leparalad, Mr. Staan, e( WidibaB 
Market, oonplaieed of tbe condilloaa nader whieb tha bteed- 
iag low claia ii at pmaat aihibitad ) Teaaaikiag that allar- 
atUDa had hem made, partly ta raapaaaa lo his owb auggaa 
tioni, hot that the mattat had baooBO wocaa and ««rM oMfJ 
year. 

nepraeaediBgi then Uralnatad. 



OUR GRASS LANDS. 

BT CUTHBEKT W. JOKHtOK, laq., I.K.H. 



Within tbe Uit hw yaan oondderabb adranoaa ban 
bwHi Bad* la graai'lud cnltliBtioa; and tlioae im- 
proTcments haTe not been eonflned to tbe remoTal of 
stagDBDt mten and injsrlans timbei'-plantaliana i Tery 
Talnablfl experiBants hen beea inatltnted npoa tho 
•ffeett of certain fertlllzen upon the natnnl gruaei of 
«ar putorea. The sompodlion of theaa plant* hai 
bean obenUoally uoertained. Theae analyiitlont, too, 
Iw** not boeo Umitad to tbe nineral portion of each 
gn**, bat tbait wid«ly-A(Eirinc orfanic or natrltloiu 
4|a^ltiaa baeo been demooatiBlod. Thea, again, tho 
bwt prapoKioM of laad M omplor, and the nnat pro- 
Atablo trtUbial dreadnga to baatow apon eaob gnM, 
hai been ihown. It I* atwayt isWnatiDgto Kitkia tba 
Mco«nla whieb biTs saoaped to na of tbe BngUth fann- 
ing of tb* (ddan time. Tu*er, who wu almoit tiie Drat 
Bog^Uah t^rlonltnnl writer, ^Tea na aondir poatioal 



notloea of moat of the praetleai of tha fhriMn of tha 
reign ot Henry VIII. Paatnn* faitended far hijr bm 
alladed to in bis dlre«tfon* for tha hnibandry of F«b- 
mary, -After adniing tbe farmer to fintt it, and aparg 
it, and dang It, employ the maIe-i»tchBr, and ipre^ 
tbe mole-hiUa, ho endi with tbe cniioui proTlao— 

" If pattoie bj aatnte ii ginn to wet, 
Then baai with tbe mcde-hiH, thoegh thiA it b* aal, 
Iliat lamb may lit on It, and so to ait dly. 



hoir Tory tardily the genenl attention of tb» afri- 
cnltnrtft haa been directed to the Talna and Improra- 
meat of onr gnm land*. To tbi* negleet maaj eauei 
biTO pariiB{M oontarihuted i tho hi(h prioe of eom dor- 



THE FASMEH'S MAGAZINE. 



fug Om wtn of Ow Fnneh Bnalntion ; the dlffiooltr of 
praenriDg artlfielal dmdnp, readerlng the hnncr gene- 
nlt; nnwilllDf to do mors ttua lesTe the IcDprareaienC 
of bit putam to th« itoek with wbieh hs gnied them, 
or Uu flood watcn ohioh rnted apon tham. It vu 
Dolf daring the lut yean of tbe dghlemth century thit 
etuihad bonei begin to be amploy nd on grui Uadi la 
Nac of onr nortlurti eotmtlei ; It <■ obIt la oar cnra 
that that tbcw luie been dinolnd in *alpharic add. 
Guoo was not even Imparted into Eaglaad antil 1840 ; 
MTcnl jtar* then slapped before cubic petre beoaoie 
aTailabte ; It wai Hill more recently that the mlphate of 
ammoala, made from the refoae lliiDorof onr gai worka, 
lod oiher ionreea, irai braaghl lata the market. Bo 
that It ha* been, In fact, during a very recent period 
that a raffldently eoploiu aapply of artificial dreiainga 
lor onr graii landa hal baen procurable. Thii being 
seaf the aeaaon when theae ftrlllltera are beat applied 
to pailnna, wa may proBtably beMow a feir mlnntaa in 
rtfrmhidg our memoriei, by referriag to the reinit of 
aoma of the recent reporta on thl* Tery important 
inquiry. 

I need hardly refer to the fact that It la only in the 
abicnce of a aafficienl (apply of good farm-yard ma- 
nure that other artiSdal drearinga moat be bad reconrae 
to. The anthora of the elaborate and Talnable experi- 
Boita, >o long oontinaed at Rothamated, readily admit 
the crath ot Mm oonclailoa. It li at oearly the end of 



the lait report of tiielr expHtmenb tbtt H(. Lum and 
Dr. Oilbeit reinerk (Jour. Boy. Ag. See., toI. x(iv., p. 
SZ8] : " Upon the whole, the eTldenee goea to (how 
thit atable or farm-yard minura Is a mnch more perfect 
reatorer of the conatituenta removed in the bay crop 
than tboae pnrchaaed or ao-called artifleial manurea 
which, in a practical or economical point of tIgw, can 
be adTsntigeoualy employed. Farm-yard dnng ia, how- 
eTer.comparatiTelyslow in ita action. Theie charectcr* 
point to the peculiar fitoeaa of aucb manure for mea- 
dow land mown for haf ; and ae it waa abown In our 
lut Rtpott, the deccriptlon of herbage developed by it 
waa much more complex, and upon the whole anperior 
in qoality, to that developed by the more sctiTe artificial 
mauurea. Oa the other hand, provided the reitoratian 
of the potosa and silica of the hay crop be doty eccom- 
pliabHl by meana of farm-yard manure occaaionallj 
applied, ita alowneu of action may be advantigeonaly 
oompeDSitcd by a judidaoa uie of lome of the more 
active artlBdil or porcbaaed mannrea." 

In the following table will be fonnd the raanlt of the 
application at RothJimated Parlt, of tbe lame Tn^iniire 
to the nime ffratt for a serlea of ycara — what ia in the 
report called " mixed mineral manure," being eompoaed 
of ft mlitnre of 






FBODTJC£ OF HAY PER ACRE. 







Anneal Aveiaca Ptodnce— 


[| Mamdrxi m» Acu, riB Ammcm. 




otfoD 









Mitujaaia 






(18B9-BZ). 




18^82). 






T,CTt. 




lb. 


"t 


cvt. qr. lb. 
4 1 * 


UaHantcd 




1 4 


27 


1 







1 7 




28 


1 


8 IB 




I S 





~n 


1 


E 24 


Mailia.andi,aulph*t(aBdmnriuaammDuia 




1 11 




6 


1 


IS 2S 


MO Iha. mA. anlpbate and moiiata aounonia, aad 3,000 lb. aawdnat 




1 18 




10 


1 


14 1 3 


miba.mtrataolM.da 




1 IS 




11 


1 


13 8 2B1 


UOIba.>itnlaet*odft 




1 IB 




10 




16 a 101 


Smiie !.-Wth Mreet llismi Maaure. 


















1 8 















3 8 




B 






'Mu^l^M^ai-axua" 




1 16 






1 


14 8 27 


" HiHd Biural miDun," and 2>}D0 Iba. aavdnit 




1 17 







I 


16 2 9 


■ U>i.d >intnl muun." aad £00 !!». each, aulphate and auriate an 


mooU 


2 14 




a 


2 


13 3 1 


"UiUd miDtnl nanaiT,"* aOD Ibi. each, aalph. and aur. ■aooaia. and 3,000 Ibi. lawdnit 


2 13 




21 


2 


15 2 


" Uiud niDard roaaore," 200 Iba. each, tnlphala and nDrUte ammDu 


It, and 2,000 lb>. cot 
















2 16 




17 


2 


14 S 27 


- UInd BtawBl muiure.- md 400 lha. e«*,t aotphate and mariata an 


QUUMlia 


2 IS 




14 


8 


1 1 IS 


-IGud mmen) mauure^ (iadudiag ZOO lha each nKalee. aeda, aod Ume), and 400lba. 


























■|fiMdiaiHnlBwnf%''Md27G1h(.Di(rataafaoda 




2 S 




19 


S 


,i " !?* 


'HBadMfaarMMMn,"a>d tMlb«.i>iMtaofi^a 




2 11 




SL 


3 


11 a lat 


Saniis 8— ITith Farai-yaid Hanta. 














Htae*<-»ra>i>anre 




a 4 




20 


2 


2 2 IS 


14 tan bmynd mtaMtt. and lOOIbe. each, ailphale and snriala aa 


moma 


2 8 




24 


2 


6 8 8 



at anlpbate of aoda intnaaad, ii 



tattha. 
Whag, 
Khnat 



After harini* Tinted tbe park in which thaea 
' iMte now dnrbig eereral yean been eon- 
that PraJaaaO T Voelctar reeantly a dd r aaaed tbe 
of A« Boyal Agrlcaltnnl Society ; and I deem 
ifj newwiry for the InaerOon In thla paper of a 
«Ma pertioD of hh valiuUe obeerraiioiM, end 
mUi mark, UM 1b oar effbrta to laprova tbe 
of ear graaa land*, we mnet ever rememliar that 
•^ Ae flMMMtf, but the qittaig of the graiaea 
improTB. Upon the whole 



retroapeot, the Frofeaeor (ibid, p. 640) arrived at tbeea 
eonelBaioM, tIi., that "Tbe moat valuable manuring 
aubatancea tor graaa land ate the foUowiug : Fiiat, nitro- 
gen, either in tbe ahape of ammoniacal aalta, or in that 
of nitratei, end organic mittera capable of producing on 
daoompotitlon either nitratu oi ammonia; lecandly, 
tbe pboapbatea i and, thirdly, the alkaliea. Theas are 
the moat hnportaot ; bat we have alto to coniider the 
effeet* of lime and aillca. What, then, are the clfectf 
of amnenift upon graia land ? Tbeae, in the firat place, 



vGoti^le 



THB PARMER'S UAGAZINB. 



nrj imordliif to Um pmanee or Mbwnce of anllabla 
mlnertla — that ii to lay, with the qoility oF ths Miil. 
Ir tl^rra ia ta ahniidance oTTaliiBbls mineral matter, and 
ir thia be pment in •□ iTaiUble conditioD— that ii to 
nj, in inch a iMe ot oombitution tliat It can ba taken 
op bj the riMti ot tha planti— then ammoDiacil m*- 
Doraa aia Tcrjr valnabls ladeod, far tbej promote a Tcry 
luxuriant de*elapmeiit of the herbage. Bat if the 
mineral cauilitaenti — llis phoaphates, the aalU of lime, 
the alkaliei, and the aolable lilin^^re defldfat, bf the 
applicatlQn of amniaTiiaoal manarei alone, ve ihoulj de- 
tariorate the qoalitf of tha heihago, and within a Tcrf 
fev aeatoD* there would be no terf Urge lm[iietaion 
vliiblB Id iti qaantltf. The produce of the nnmanared 
portion ot the land at Rotbimited baa amonnted lo 
ftboat 1 ton 6 cirti. The ammoniacil ailla alone hare 
not increaied the produce nearly io mnch ai when given 
ia coDJunction with minarala. The produce in the taller 
caaa ia nearly treble that in the former. The addition of 
ammonia even to fanu-jard mannra prodooet a atriking 
effect. The latter containi but little ammonia in com- 
pariaon with the amonnt of mineral matter and car- 
bonaeeona matter there preaent. To dUpoae at once of 
Uu oarbonaoMDB iDbttaucci — organic maltera free from 
nitrogen, and containing chief); cacboa and hjrdrogen 
with Bome oiygi-n — I wonld tiy that In Mr. Lawta'a 
eiperlmenta I haie fund icarcelj any effect from them 
•ither in the qiutitf or the qnantitir of the prodace. 
Id farm-7ard manure it ii not lO moch the carbona^ 
cMO* element whleb tend* to Inereue produce, a* the 
nltrogenoaa and miDeral portion." 

The Profeuor wat itroniilr Empreaaod with the dif- 
ferent appearance of the graaaea, at Rothamited, to which 
ttrm mannre and ammoDiacil aalta had been long np- 

Slled. You wilt notice ha remarked, " In the latter ■ 
ifferencd in the colour : tha grasa ia a deeper grrcn ; 
it ii also lomewhat higher, and there ia more of it. 
There is also thii remarkahla difference, that whereia in 
the uamanured portion ire hare grent •arietj', a Urge 
mixture of plants, through the application of am- 
moniacal salta the herbage iKcomei more aimple. When 
ammoniacil salta bare been applied io conjunction with 
mixed mtnerata, the effect ia lerr ilriking; indeed the 
quantitj of produce ia double that deri ted from ammonia 
alone. An eitra quantiljr of ammonia increaies the 
prodace to a «erf remarkable extent, and it farther ro- 
dueea the number of apeciea Of plants, poihing forward 
certain gralKS, to tlic eacluaion of almoat erery ntber. 
Among the first to diaappaar are the ieguminoai plants, 
•ipaclally If Urge quantities of ammonia are applied, 
eTen though a aapplj of miueral matter may be present, 
and theaa are among tha more QBltitiie of our herb*. 
On Ibe whole acre plot thus treated. It wonld, I tbink, 
ba dittenlt to find any clorer; and moreorer, it ia 
almoat ■mnting to obaarre how oettala graaaea take tha 
place of othan. lias, when a large doae of ammoniacil 
matter la nsedin oonjanotlan with idnerala, cocksfoot 
Mpaoially and tnfted halr-graia sapenede many other 

" ThB effects produced by nilritea leem in tome de- 
gree to differ from thoae of ammonia. Nitrate of soda 
does not so maleriilly affect the legnminoua tribe of 
plsott aa do ammoniacil salts. As to mineral mittere, 
phosphate and alk«lini! sabstincea may be fairly taken 
together; for ttaoie plants which are itimalated by 
phosphates are also benefited by alkdine naQures, and 
more especially salts of patish. The action of mixed 
mineral manarei, compoaed of phosphate of lime in a 
aolable Gundition and aalta of potash, an the whole 
elorer tribe of ptinls is lery remarkibte. Under its 
InflueDce you on see clover not merely here end there, 
bat all over the plot; while the rougher graaaea are 
left laxviuit lae «ocl(sfDOt appetn to tra almoat • 



dUTennt plant tram that iriiicb roednd an cxeaM of 
ammonia; it la much lower, and not so Inxariant; 
white the red and white dorer and the wild Tetcb ara 
seen ill tntr the field. In other words, alkalinra and 
phosphates promola a good qoalily of herbage ', bnt 
tliey hare not so great an effect upon the amonnt of 
prodnce. 

" Returning now to the subject of the improTement 
of putures, let ns tnppose that the land hs* been well 
drained, that it is moderately porous, and that there ia 
a fair depth of soil; bnt I hat the prodnce la scanty, and 
the hcrbige not lery good. How ire these delects to 
be remedied ? can both be dealt with at once 1 In moat 
oases we ooght, I think, to endeaTonr to improie to 
some extent at least the quaBty of oar herbage, and at 
the same time try to get not an excciiiTS but a remn- 
neniiTC smunnt of prodnce. If we look loo much to 
quality, perhaps the means ot effecting Improrment may 
be considered by practical men too eipensiie ; on the 
ottier hind, if we look entirely lo qnantily, the qnalit; 
of the herbsge may he much deteriorated : and tbe re> 
snlt win be remnneratiTe only to tho man who sell bay 
in the neighbourhood of large towni, but not to tita 
consuming teniut or to the landlord. 

*' But, Bnt of all, we ought to ascertiin whether a 
pasture requires liming or not. As this it frequently 
the csaa, and is lime or marl Is a cheap minnra, before 
we go to any great expense we ought to settle thb poiat 
Lime, which has done mirrel* on some desoriptlon ot 
grass land, on others has produced little or no effect. 
Tlie geological formation ot tbe racks of a diatriet Is not 
always a good guide in deciding tlie question whether 
land requires liming or not. I bare met with maoy 
cases in which lime has done an Immense amount ot 
good, although the land w» situste on the oolite for- 
matian, abounding in limeatona rock. In tuchragioiu 
Reldi ire often to ba found in perminent pasture com- 
poied of cliys ot traniportalion, which hare not irlKn 
from the rocks on which they are placed. Such toils, 
though deposited on limestone rockt, may hiTe been 
formed from other rocks deficient in lime. Such may 
be the caes CTtn though the limeatone may crop out 
upon the surfice ; and anyone who waa not acqailntod 
with the special character of the lind night iiy that no 
lima could he wanted, tedng that It came up to the anr- 
fsce; yet the actual suit miy, notwitlutanding theaa 
appearances, be rery materially benefited by liming. 

' ' Fortunately, this Is a question which may be nadilf 
settled. Let a little at the aoil be put in a amall cap or 
sneer, and be miied with spirits of salt (muriatic add). 
If it efferreace strongly, an abundance of lime ia pit- 
sent 1 and io that case the land reqnirel no Umtng. 
lie abtence of efferreaeenoe, howersr, ts not alwayi an 
iodieatian that the land is defioiest in lima. SoU maf 
be in a oondition la which It is not esaily attacked bj 
common apirita of salt. In that oaaa no effinTeaoasice 
wonld take plaoe, and yet anfflcient lima may be pr«- 



may be the beat drcasing; for then we not only apply 
lime, bnt we also add to tbe land a msterial whieh gooa- 
rally ia rich In potash and soda. Marl, moreorer, ia 
Tiluablo as an abaorber of fertlliiert, whether derircd 
from tbe atmuaphera or from the mannre applied to the 
laud. To enconnge the growth of good heritage, a* 
well aa Increase the quantity of the prodnce, a lifaisral 
maanrlng should be giren. Land which it so pOTOoa 
that in excess of water will not rem^n on It la wet 
seasons for any greit length of time, and which In dry 
weather can by eapilliry ittraction bring np moiatnro 
from below, piys eicoedingly well for a judieioaa ontlty 
on mtnure. Indeed, ill great lind ihauld reoeiTa aa 
oooational applioation of hrm-yard nuaore ; for thit 



„ Google 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



alOM eu npplr ■IkiUei, mora Mpamllr potuh, In an 
ccODomieal mumer. Ifwa look at the CDinposltlon of 
the ubea ot our gruici ind our hsf, taking tbe mixed 
grua« and legnminoaa plant) together, we ihiU Gad 
that IhoM ithei iboaDd in potuh. ir wa comtantlr 
mow dovD oar grauM, wa therebr remoie a lery Urge 
proportion of the alkaliet, ind tha reialt ii Chat tlie 
berbaga become! poor, and the produce decreuei. 

" Bnt, io additiaa (o farm-jard maaare, there are 
atLcr rertiliieia which tatj be Qied with Terf great 
eSacr. Gaano, jadieioailf nied — that I* to aij, uied 
on land like lataj of the claj loili, which eonititgte, 
perhape, mott oF our poitace nil a— produce* a Ter; ei - 
cellent effect apon the prodnce. Better, perhapi, than 
gnano alone, or bonea alone, li ■ miitare of Iha two. 
Indeed, I ahoald like for an aferage deacriptioa of luid 
the fbllowiog miztnrci partiallf-diuolied bonea, or 
bone-duat, diaaolTsd with a anfficient qoanlltj of anl - 
phnrie acid to render a portioD of the phoiphatea lolBble. 
We obtain partJallT-dlaaolTod boon bj ipplring to 
bone-daat one-tbird of ita weight ot aalphnric add ; 
i cwtB. of partiallj-diaiolTed bonea, 2 cwta. of Peruvian 
gaano, and I ewt. of aalt, porhapa, will produce a ma- 
nnn fbr paatare which, wbilit it will maleriallj iaereait 
tbe produee, will not to any great extent deteriorate the 
quality of the graaa, ai might b« the csae if we uied 
goano alone in the rate ot 4 cwta. per aera. Thia mli- 
tnre ooataini the chief mineral conatitnenti reqairad by 
OBT gruaea and lettaminooa eropi, and vtda a fair 
imonotof ammoniAoal matter to giTenaagood yield. 
Tba additioo of aalt la of oae, particalarly on light land, 
bj keeping It in a moiat condition. 

"The effects prodoMd by the Application of bone- 
dnat to paatares are Tery Tiriahle. On the poioaa land 
of Cbeabire, and itmilar aoiia on the red aaadatana for* 
nutiou, tbe reault ia Teiy itriking. Not only do bonea 
there being out nhiteand red clorer, bat promote an 
abandance of the growth of anccalant graaaea. Tha 
dorar itaelf beeomei lery laiariint, and Ihna help* to 
iocreaae the produce. On land which ie wet and cold, 
and reata on a poor uadiained anbaoil, bonea often pra- 
doee no effect. A great many paatotei in the Weat ot 
England, ia Someraat, and Devon, a coniiderable por- 
tion of tbe graaa land in Glonceaterahire, and, 1 may 
add, aome of the beary land which I hare aeen iu 
Shjopahire, cannot be improTod by bonea. Before, 



. I apent OD bone manare, I 
would recommend that a trial ahoald be made on • 

When ttana improving hia paitoraa with artiflcial 
drwaliiga, the farmer wiU not In all caae* deem It wiae 
to depend npon Natars'a bounty for the prodnotion 
' ' la It were) of the bettar-ctaai graaaea ; he 



will be adding the aeeda ot the more valoable kindi. 
Fortunately for the great farmeri of our day, there are 
now Grat-claiB aeedameu, who have akilfully ealtivated 
the beat graaiea for their uae. The path on which the 
Oibhaea lirat Ifd tbe way baa been followed by other 
great honaai, aach aa the Soltooa of Reading, and the 
Liwiona of Edinburgh. A miitnra of graaa aeedl, 
which one oF theae hononnhle Anna recommend far • 
good medium aoil, at being at excellent propertiei, aod 
from coming to matnrity at different leaaoua of the 
year, producing a permanent and eTcr-green award, 

AlopecDmi pratcntii ... ... ... 1 lb. 

ADthaxtntham odoritsm (4 

Cyooniiua criitatut 1 

Dtelylia gioainata 2 



Lolinm pareoH aeaipeTTirent . 

Pbleom pntenaa 
Foapralaaae 



Ficti like theae are et a olosa which will well repay 
tbo careful atady of the young sgiicultnriat. He will 
remember, too, that thote paatnrea which In primitive 
timea almoit exclualvely anpplied mankind with animal 
food, end which in after-day* gave place to tbe growth 
of corn, are now again becoming aa graaa landa the 
most Tulnable portion of the firm. It ia to theie which 
we moat hereafter look to anpport a live atock now 
ateadily increaning in valne. It ii trne that we are not 
likely to imitate the farmera of the daya of the Todon, 
when farms were chiefly located ia low-ljing diitricta, 
where the graiaea were chiefly pradncad on dilnvlal 
Boilt, and manured by the aedimeot from flood-water; 
but we mnit rather more end moro endeavour to im- 
prove the paatnrea where Nature haa been the leait 
hountifnl. It ii hero that tbe akill of tbe agrioultariat 
ia moat needed, and where he will almoat ever be found 
equal to tha poaition in which ha Is placed. It It in- 
deed an old remark, that in tboae diltaicta where Watore 
it moat boontifnl. man performa the leaat, and that the 
beat fanning ia commonly to be found where the aoil* 
and cUmate are not of the moat (avoorabla cl 



THE PRIZE SYSTEM, AS PUT AT THE SOCIETY OF ARTS. 



On the Wednesday in the Smithfield Show week a 
p^nr was read at the Society at Art* hy Mr. J. C. 
Uarton,on AaBicuLTuaAi. FBooKEg*: its Hsi.fb and 
HiyoKutcu. We consider that we are paying thia able 
■ddresa no ill compliment when we say that, aa might 
have been expected, it waa aomewhat genera] in its t«ne, 
ai heSttdd the aphen in which it was delivo^. Still, 
tbe whole esaay wa* very pertinent and laggestive, while 
it «■* Gjllowed with marked atlcntton by a number of 
agrienltnriiits present. The diseiiseioti. however, over the 
many merits ot inch an opening tlireataoed to ho twamped 
in the ontaet. Scarcely had Mr. Morton resnmed hia seat 
amidst auch well-deaerved applaoie, than a gentlGmaD, 



ntterly unknown to tbe majority ot the eonntlT- 
folk present, rose to exhort the larmera on the 
law of settlement, and the disadvantages of a 
labourer living away from hii work; eipoonding 
these woll-wom tmiBmi with the aelf-anfficiency of 
a man who had hit on a neW idea, and perseveriag 
until he wns fairly coughed down and ahuSed off hia 
I^ into sitenee. But, alaa i it was only to make wsy for 
snother of these "permanent fiitnret," who of course 
diScred with hia learned (Viend, and ihe dehalc civ^r the 
lecture looked very like going alT in another bndleUoor- 
and-shnttlecock match amongat the eavana nt tlic green 
table. But, fortnnaiely, Mr. Morton had taken, aa the 



L-NgnzcdbyGoO^Ie 



10 



THE fAKHEK-S UAOAZIHI. 



ttrongest print in lili ipeKh, > qoestion that ume of hfi 
horen conld not sit qnietlf under. In bet, like manj of 
tbe gentlemeu who volnnt^er to taltc igricnltorc at the 
Society of Arti, Mr. Morton nude a fierce onslai^ht 
agiinit the implement prize sjttem of the Rojil Agricul- 
tural Society. To ttate that ve had hard manj of the 
argomenti here brought to besTi on man; prcvioni occa- 
liona in the same cougeiuBl itmoiphcre, can he no alight 
to Mr. Morton'i energetic Uio of these veapoQi, while we 
shall certainly not deny him any further advantage to be 
obtained from their employment. He eaya then, by way 
of illustration: "A> regai^ man; machines whose work 
cannot be expressed or represented by numbers — the 
plough for ciunple — the prizeman wins, the reat are na- 
wbere. There never probably was a more marked ex- 
ample of this than at the Warwick Show, where a new 
man appeared u ploagbwright, and took many of the 
principal prizes. His plough, a good and well-made tool, 
aa all of Messrs. Homsby's manolactnrc are, pressed the 
furrow slice tighter home, and left a higher crest than the 
others. Its work gratified the eye^the judges pro- 
nounced it best — and their decision was an altogether ei- 
cessiTC advantage given to the firm. No doubt a tightly- 
laid furrow-slice is, for some purpotea, advantageous ; but 
■11 the teadeocj of late has been to regard tillage as a 
smashing up ; and where the land tilled lies on a drained 
Bubsoil, the rougher the surface is the better for its future 
tilth. Bkit it is in illustration of the ezccssiva character 
of tho prize system that, whereas the decision at Warwick 
placed Messrs. Homsby on a pedestal, while Messrs, 
Howard and Ransomc, and others, were, so far as the 
Society was concerned, in the case of that partieular com- 
petition, nowhere, I do not suppose there arc ten ptaetical 
tillage farmen who will ray that it matters one penny per 
acre per annum whether Ilomsby's. or Howard's, or Ran- 
somes' plough ia adopted as the implcmeut of tbe Gum." 
For the s^ of the aigiunent, let u* assume that the 

Soality is as Hr. Morton puts it, and that llomsby, 
owai^, and Ransome are in no way superior the one to 
the oUier. But what then F Soea Mr. Martou remember 
that previous to the establiahment of the Royal Fiiae 
B^atem the Ranaome* had it nearly all their own way 
with their ploughs, until the Society fostered and developed 
tbemanyimproveinentsof theirrivalsF Who siaee have won 
so many pretuiuma foi plooghs as the Howards F or, doe* 
Mr. Morton think that the Horasbys would have " gone 
on refining" without the inSnence of the priie system to 
iuoite and reward their eiperiaients F Mr. Morton pro- 
DBedi to declare, backing his opinion by a few iaolated 
saaea, that the prize Systran has now no ii^nenee on salea ; 
bat we should prefer to meet him on tho geutral ijueetion. 
Let him aak any of the exhibitors at the Bath and West of 
England meetings, which he quotes so approvingly, 
whether " the trade" has ever been so good since the 
prizes have been abolished at those Shows? Mr. R. C. 
Ronsome, who supported Mr. Morton's views, declared in 
the conrse of the evening that " ho was quite sure it was 
not the temptation of prizes that stimulated manuhc- 
turers to bring forward improved machinery." But bow 
cornea it, then, that Mr. Raoaome's own Firm baa 
ceased to exhibit iu the West of England unee the 
priiea for implementa hava been abandoned ? Mr. 
MorUin muutami " there need be no fear that the shows 
wonld dwindle, though prizes were abandaned." On the 
oontraty, we believe that the interest of sueh occasions 
would probably die out with the lack of sueh a stimulus, 
while it might posaibly be to the passing interest of 
certain established firms that these meetingi should decay. 
Of course, one gteat consequence of the prize syitan 
shonld be more opposition ; for, aa it baa made many a 
man, it may make many a one yet. If one large Uonse 
dedinea entering in the West since the premiums have 



been withheld, ft 'a only fs&' to aamme tbti ^ils Vim 
wonld do the same when the Royal Society is reduced to 
the like insipid level. Another argument, as advanced 
by Mr. Morlou, would really seem to be leading to this : 
" There is one farther consideration affecting the imple- 
ment trade generally, to be urged against it. It adds coo- 
siderably to tilt cost of agriciUtnial machines. One fina 
says it has spent £30,000 during the Society's meetings 
up till now, in preparing and exhibiting for priiea. 
Another estimates its eipeqditnre at £20,000; a third 
says the disorganization of the work, the spoilinK of the 
best men, and the actual expenditure ace together wt 
estimate. Who has paid these large sums ? Xot these 
£rms, but their costomets. The cost of a mai^ine ia 
made up of the material it is made of, the labour spent on 
it, and a whole class of items which come under tluj 
general designation of waste cbargei. These waste charges 
amount to no leas than 30 per cent, of the selhng price, 
and the eipenditure at the Agiicnltnnl Society's shows ia 
a principal one of them," The simple meaning of all this 
is, lliat the more an implement is advertised the more it 
must cost the purchaser ; whereas, we had fondly 
imagined it waa aomething of a commercial principle, that 
the moiegoodsaman sold the chewier bo could adl them; 
and we are quite ready to admit ibcn is no finer adver- 
baement than winning a priie. As to the expense of going 
aboDt th» country, we take it this would be very mu^ tho 
same, whether there be premiums or not, the more espe- 
cially if Mr. Morton's views ware adopted as to Trials Jod 
Reports. There is no doubt, however, that the most direct 
way to eurtail these terrible eipenHi wonld be to do awaj 
wiUi the prises, and then with the shows, and suffer tbose 
who have reached to the top of the tree to rest in -gmoe 
and quietncsa where they are. 

" Let bim take esstles who has ne'er a groit." 

Such arguments as these were, of course, easily 
answered. Colonel Challoner had but to cite " the first 
meeting of the Royal Agricultuaral Society, at Oiford, 
where the number of implements exhibited was eonsidier- 
ably under 150, and aU of the coarsest description 
manuhcture. He asked what had brought the implei 
of England to the perfection in which thej were a 
present time F He submitted it wsi owing to the aystetn 
of prizes adopted by the Royal Agricultural Society. Hs 
had been brought to this conclusion from his observatioQS 
as a member of the Implement Committee of that Society, 
Let them compare the position of implement-makers now 
and twenty years ago. The progress had been enormous ; 
and he thought that, without the prize system, the manii- 
factm^in would not have been gnided to tbe prodoction 
of tbe claas of implements roily required, 'Fbtn wen 
well-known names who had made a high reputation 
everywhere, and it would perhaps be veiy agreeable for 
those gentlemen to rest span their laurels, with the 
knowledge that everybody wonld buy tbeir implements ; 
but what was to become of the humble implement- 
maker — tbe man of small means F lie had no chance 
of competing agaiast those great men, except by the help 
of the prize ayatem. It was the great object ol tlie 
Royal AgrieoUnral Society to bnng forward lising 
talent." This ia but the enunciation of a great truth, 
founded on the oleareat experience ; so true and so dear, 
that one almost tires of being continually compelled to give 
it in answer. Then, Hr. Robert Smith, in allusioa to tiu 
Bath and West of England Society and tbe prize system, 
spoke with the eipenence of a West of England man, 
when he said " he knew the history of that matter, and 
he believed it had been occasioned hy undue dictation on 
the part of some membera of that Society, to whom the 
CoDncil gave way, and the oonaequenoe was that the pnMt 
were discontinne'l ; but he added that a lu ' ' 



_«b, Google 



THE FARHBR'S MAGAZINB. 



Ibr Uw •frton «ii WMiftiitwl bj eduUlon of im^ 
meatt tt tka iliawi, for they diiplajed in * comer of thtor 
ttiUa tke msdala thit h^ bem iwirded to them." To 
be nm tlu7 da; ud but ones onl; let the total aboli- 
tton of pnici be euried, tod we ihill Iultb thew medali 
ud prite cude floariihed in our fitet more thu erer — 
b; tboM who luTe bad the chance of winoing them in da^a 
gmt-bj. Bat hr awir the lirosgot inpporter of Ur. 
Hoitoa'a tlieoiy «ai Hi. John Fowler, who dedguted 
the priie *; rteni, in to mamj mxia, aa "a 
SUAT us," and gave Ua awa cue to prore it : 
" He Itood Im the pontion of ft nrj mecwful ei- 
Ubitor of agrienlbinl implsnoita, aa &« as priiM 
ware eoneerDed, mi hod nenr fhiled in ohtaining 
the priie he sompeted for; at the tune time, he 



tkanvf^r endcned erarr wori tktt Mi. Morton hti 
nid with Kfud to the piisa aftlem. He lutd minj 
timea been placed in an nndoly pRuuioent poaition b; a 
right to at the time; uidif 
Du^t be he thoold 
I ri^t lo, the other 
far ai we can interpret Mr. Fowler, he 
ioteitdi toaaj that he haa "many timea" ieeti*ed pritM 
he waa not t^Iy entitled to, and it moat not be for oa 
to oonbadiot him. We haie eertainlj htaid of a priM 
implement taming oat next to nieleaa in the hands of a 
cnatomer, ai of ite being erentnall; retomed For aoiue looh 
naion. Bat we ahould not groond • Rile on any «u 
oniioae sue of thia kind, thoogh qnite willing to allow 
that Mr. Fowler'i "many timw" aoniida awkward; enongh. 



NORTHBRN COUNTIES PAT STOCK SHOW. 



Tbt llth annnal eilubition of tlte Northern Countiea 
Pit Stock and Poultry Society, whole mectlugi are held 
U Darlington— the capital of the original Teeswater 
breed of cattle— took place lait month. Hitherto, theerec- 
tioa in which accomioodntion has been provided fur the 
comfortable bf\niin£ of \^ prime apecimeni of stock 
brooght together by thia aociety hu been .of a tempoiuy 
deicriptioa ; bat toe preaent year commencea a new era, 
a good covered market having been built at the eipenae of 
tile town, and in which a pennanent leiideoce for tlie 
•ocie^ hai beau aecored at a alight annual outlay. 

Ai prorii^ the Dae»nip]ed proaperity which hai at' 
leaded the effbrti of the conumttee of managemcut, and 
the high paaition which the aodety hai attomed, it needa 
mily lo be mentiaaed that 19G3 waa the ^eor in which 
the aodety waa founded, when the entnei compriacd 
a head of cattle, 21 pern of aherai. IZ of pigi, and IM 
ogm of ponltryi total, 221. Whetcaa thia year there 
wire no leaa than 989 aeparata and diitinct entriei, in- 
dodisg TO bead of cattle, 3a pen* of abeep, 23 of piga, 
2S lamplea of grain and rooti, 8 of hami and bacon, & of 
better, 1 stand utimplementa, and S16 cages of poultry 
—or dose opon 1,OOU. Howerer sangoine may bavB 
hen the foundera of the aociety, we warrant their higheit 
uliEipatians are much more than realiud. Certainly 
thia ytar the number of cattle ia lean by a dozen Uian lalt 
larj bat then there were aeveral bowta ahown which 
en^t uerer to have been let oat of the faimiteida, 
where, during the past twelve months, they had pro- 
&Medly been fed, and rather derogated than otherwise 
the deaervedlj Ugh positian that Darlington has cou- 
tinned to hold aa the metropolis of one of the fineit dia- 
tiicta in the kingdom for the rearing of cattle ever since 
the time when the Collinge made their laoeessfol lUiKi 
■s tmly ac ientific adepts in the matter of judicious or in- 
genionicroaaing. It is admitted, by all who had theplca' 
•are of witncMing the preseat coUcction, that it very Ui 
twpaiKd laat year's in quality— that, in bet, the 70 were 
worth conaiderably more mouey than the 82 ; and we 
fally eodorae, ao br aa our obaervatioa permitted us to 
judga, the aButiment thui ao generally uttered. In every 
other departtaeat there wai a decided increase 
of sitiiea, and likewise a decided improrement 
is qvali^-^a no department more so than m that of 
•he^ which ^ to the preaeut year haa been rather the 
•wm of diaafpointnunC thaa gnttificstioo. Bat, happily, 
Ibe prtient aocccai nudui amenda ibi all previoui draw- 
imika or diaeomfitores. This, unquestionably, wa* owing 
lo a vti7 earefnlly-reviaed and more lilxnu achedole of 
piHti for tita valuable priiei offered have had the effect of 



attracting many &eah faces, amongat wbich none aJfordel 
to the Society's friends more real gratification than that 
of Lord Wcnlock, whose eminence in sheep-rearing hai 
long been immovably eitahliahed. To the some cause is 
tiBCEable the very la^ incicaso in the number of cntriM 
of poultcT. And here it will not be out of place to notica 
that the Society appears to enjoy ven healthy patronage — 
the sabitantial support of many of the district nobility 
and gentry, who are jealoDs of the fair fame which 
Darlington has attained as an agricultural emporium for 
the North of England. No less thsn s dozen or so ailver 
cups have been added to the mancr-prizcs this year, the 
donors being Mr. Slap, Mr. Wateihouse, Mr. Jos. Fcaae, 
Mr. J. W, Pease, Mr. Ed. Pease, Mr. Jaa. Thompson, 
Mr. Ed. Backhouse, Mr. H. K. Spark, Mr. R. ThompsoD, 
Mr. Jao. Ilarria, Mr. A. Peeac, and othera. 

To Darlington was specially reserved a cross-bred 
01, which would have done infiuite credit to any other 
ahow, and not improbably woold have cauaed to tremble 
on their hoofs the proud winners of the trophies held 
out in the Sooth. Mr. Stewart, of Aberdeen, the veir 
euterpriiing Scotchman, who baa diatiuguiahed himself 
not the less at Smith£eld than at DarUugton, succes' 
aively year alter year for the past few years, had succeeded 
in twice attaining the principal place of honour here, 
by having been declared b^ the judges to bate hrou^t, 
from the granite hilla of hia native county, wnjmftlQ aur- 
paasing anything in the show ; and he hod only to gain 
that place once more, to entitle him to the gold challenge 
vase, worth 100 guineaa. He haa at leaat achieved that 
at which he aspired, and every person who had the plea- 
sure of handling the splendid animal with which he 
won the mnch-eoveled prize, admite the jnstice of his 
elaia and of the jnd^' award. It waa a really noble 
beast, measuring nine mches more in girth than even ooe 
belonging to Mr. J, 'W. Pease, with which the latter 
intended to discomfit the "canuy" man. It was calcq- 
lated to weigh BO stunea mare than any other beaat in 
the show. The fieah on its ribs was as Seiiblo at India- 
rubber, your hand dipping down to the palm aa yon 
■ought to understand how it waa poaaible to bring an 
animal to such maturity. Its breast we warrant wonld 
bear compariaoa with any beaat in the land — low, broad, 
and fall, with abort neck, armpita matchleia, hips firm 
and laree, flanks grand, and back broad, straight, and 
even. let in some points it waa deScient. Where, 
however, can you point out an animal, however inr- 
paaaingly good, that is not P From the romp to the 
bucks he was short and rather delved, and the top of 
hit tboulders would have ipven more gtneral t"'-' 



vGoti^le 



rs 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



tion had they biA i thicker coBtinn of flesh. With IhJB 
animal Mr. Stetrart not only iron the greateat troph; 
the Bodet; had In offer, but the iirat prize in hii clau of 
crou-bred oxen not dceeding £6nr jam oH, where he 
beat Sir W. C. Trerdyon, who had a Tei? uiee tcTel beaat 
which, b; the way, wu one of the three that, b; the acci- 
dental giving vsf on Thnrada; of the flcMr of the jet uu- 
finilhcd building where tho thaw wai held, suddenly fell, 
^ng with a dozen men or A'j.who at the tijne were 
eianmuDg the prize cattle, into some cellars underneath, 
eight or ten feet in depth ; one gentleman, Mr. Robert 
Kohwn, who occupies a lar^ fann at Newton- Morrell, 
receiving a compound froctnje of the right thigh, and 
five others sn»tiiining severe cala and broisei in varioUB 
parts of the body. But for this untoward event, the 
anecesa of the ahow would have been complete, as at the 
time the pay-taker was taJiing ai much as 20/. in the 
hour, in shillingn, for admisaion. It is, however, a cunao- 
latiou to think that the accident was not attended with 
tatnl rcaults, considering its frightful nature, and the bet 
especially Ihat three huge prize bnllocks fell in such un- 
pleasant proiimity, and in anch dangerous confosioa. 

But, returning to Mr. Stewart's wonderfol oi ; it waa 
the winner also of the tr^esmen'i cup, on the same 
ground that it obtained the challenge cup, namely, that it 
was the best oi in the show. Air. Stewart waa eiiccesafol 
in gaining a flrst prize, too, with a craas-brcd heifer, rising 
three years, where he had a formidable competitor, as 
may be judged by his taking the second to Mr. Jas. 
Reid, of Greystone, Scotland, The ncit most suceessFnl 
cihihitor was Mr. J. VI. Pease, who not only got the 
tenant-farmers' enp valne £10, with a very valuable Sh*t- 
horn 01, which was perhaps as good in condition as Mr. 
Stewart's, but was not so bulky, but with his tidy white 
Shartborn heifer under three yeara old, which achieved 
for him at York last week so mach fame, and won for 
him the choicest hmreb offered by the society there, ob- 
taining the first prize In her clasa and the tradcamen's cup 
an being the best heifer iu the show. The same gentle- 
man cihibited the beat eroaa-bred heifer, which waa in a 
condition which did him infinite credit, and he bad the 
good fortune to carry off also a second prize. Mr. Reid 
was first amongst erosa. bred huUocba under three years old; 
first also amongst Scotch beasts, the whole of the pure 
breeds being agglomerated in a mass — his waa a Galloway, 
and it is no mean honour which he achieved in this class, 
considering that there were no less than ten eutrics, and 
that he was matched against foea u formidable as the Duke 
of Cleveland and Sir VI. C. Trevelyan. He was first also 
anoDgat Scotch heifer*, beating Mqor Gonter, and 



eight othcn, whom the gallant M^or led to the attack 
upon the head or a rcpreaentative of the Highland clan of 
that ilk; while Mr. Rcid, second with a good eross-brcd 
tour yean old heifer, succumbing in thia instance to Mr. 
Pease ; and second with a three-year-old of the same 
apecies, here having to give waylo his countryman, Mr, 
Stewart. 

Sir. W. C. Trevelyan got four seconds — Shorthorn 
heifer, fonr years old; crosa bullock of the same age; cross 
cow, and Scotch steer, being beaten in the respective 
clasaea by no one beyond the prize withheld by .Mr. 
Stewart's oi, of which we have said snlTicient, and 
by Mr. Reid. The other aucceasea were the follow- 
ing:— Mr. T. P. Outhwaile, Goldtbro', Shorthorn 
oxen, three years old, first; Mr. Richard Abba, West- 
holme, Winstonc, second; Mr. R. Gcll, Grimstone Lodge, 
who distinguished himself at one show by winning the 
GoU Cup, but who this year ranks only second for three- 
year-old Shorthorn heifers; Mr. Thomaa Willis, Manor 
Houae, Carpcrby, Bedale, first. Shorthorn cow ; Jlr. John 
Fryer, Cnlterick, second ; Mr. C. L. Wood, aeeoud, cross- 
hred ateer, rising three yeara, Mr. Reid obtaining pre- 
cedence over him; and Major Gonter, whose only laurel 
wc have already indicated. 

The sheep, we have already stated, constituted a very 
remarkable and attractive dis]ilay, and were a principal 
feature ofthe occasion. Iieicestcr shcarUngs: first, Mr. 
John Greaves, Clotherholmc, Kiimn; second, Mr. Francis 
Riekell, Warter. Sonthdowns : first and second, 1/ird 
Wenlock. Leicester and Cheviot sheorlinga: first, Mr. 
George Middlelon, High Cliffe; as also second. I*i- 
cester end Blackfaeed shearlings : first. Lord Wenlock ; 
second, Mr. Middlelon. Shcarhnpa of any crosa: first, 
Mr, Middlelon ; second. Mr. Robert Graham, Burton 
House, Slnindrop. The Silver Cup, for the beat pen of 
aheep in the show, was awarded to Lord Wenlock. 

The pigs belonged wholly to the locality, neither Wain- 
man of Carrheads, nor any other man of mark, attending. 
StiU, the eolleciion was very fair. 

The grains and roots were fine rich samples, spealiing 
volumes for the high cultivation of the district ; and tlie 
poultry were as remarkable for quality as for numbers. 

The judges were, for cattle and sheep, Jlr. Joseph 
Currah, Branson House, Darlington; Mr. B. Wilson, 
Brawilh, Thirak; and Mr. John Angns, Whittfidd, 
Morpeth. Fur jiigs, grains, roots, bacon, and hotter 
Mr. Thomas Welhcrell, Durham, and Me. T. Parringlon, 
Unrworth. For poultrj-, Mr. E. Hewitt, Sparkbrook, 
Birmingham; and Mr. 6. T. Andrews, Dorchester. For 
pgeons, Mr. J. TV. Botcherby, Darlington. 



THE ROYAL DUBLIN SOCIETY.— THE WINTER CATTLE SHOW. 



The Winter Show of the Royal Dublin Society com- 
menced on Tuesday, December 15, and continued to 
Thursday. Iu general the fat stock waa only of a middling : 
description, that is, considered is a Christmas show, and j 
there was not that close competition for the premier priac 
of the eihifaifion— the SO-guinca challenge cup— which 
we have seen in Dublin. This was chielly caused by Mr. | 
AUan PoUok having sent his best cattle thia year to Bir- 
mingham, London, and Liverpool, retaining only some 
ordinary beasts for the Dublin Show. Such a pioceeding 
on Mr. PoUok'a part was in a manner forced upon him. 
He had finally won the Socicly's cup last year, having 
competed for it successfully three years in succession , and 
he had this year replaced it with another of equal value 
to be competed lor on aunilar terms. But he would not 



become a competitor for it himself, and for that reason 
there was no occasion to keep hie beet cattle at home for 
eihibition. The absence of half-a-dozen of beasts of the 
class vrhlch Mr. Pollok has been in the habit of cihi- 
biting, made a great gap in the show ; but at the same 
time it rendered the general character of the exhibition 
more uniform than it has been in previous years. 

Mr. Follok's cup-winning beosts were crosses of the 
sharthom and Gallotiay, agaiuat which even high-bred 
shorthoma, in the best posaible condition, competed in 
rain, and the first winner of the new cup at Dublin last 
week, waa also a cross-bred animal, but of n somcnliat 
diflerent description, being a cross of a sharthom bull 
with a Hereford cow. Thia animal, which belonged to 
Mr. Gavin Low, a cattle aalesman in the Dublin market. 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



IS 



look tia priie as the beat aaimBl in a genera] aectioD, 
mmpruing huFers of mj ige or breed, not competing in 
the other lections, lad as the winner of the cup >he was 
d«]ared (he beat of all the fit cattlD in any acctioa. She 
KSB cilvcd on the 10th of April, IBdl, and presented n 
Eae iUtutnilian of earl; matnritf developed bj generona 
Indiiig. She was, if anything, a little light in the thigh, 
and not quite perfect ia the chine, hot only to inch an 
cileiit as would bBTe paaaed annoticed ' - < • 



Them 



tbeatu 



1 the t 



irr. Richard C%aloner'i ahortboni cow, Flora's Qn 
vbJch had of late refused to breed, and whose Rne ijm- 
mctry and beaaliful quaHty, aa well aa prime condition, 
enabled her to win the first place aa the best fat ahort- 
bom cow of an; age. The clasa of tat cows contained 
QlhiT hi^-bred animals, sent then; chiefly for the same 
reaioa that indoced Mr. Chaloner to put bia cow in a 
Ciuiatmas Show ; and this was not coaGnEd to shorthorns, 
fu Ur. J. O. Q. Pollok and Mr. Feathentonehaugb had 
two capital Hereford cows in the Hereford aection, one 
of which had been bnd at Cnmkhill, and the other at Bed- 
itDDC Hall, Salop. Both com were highlr tlnished, and 
while the jndges gave the prize to BIr. PoUok'a cow, 
Ibey eipressed their admiration of the other by highly 
(ommendiag her, being all they could do when there waa 
only a lingle money-nriie to award. There was only one 
kory eow eihibitcd, although it might be suppuMd that 
a Di^ilin Sbow would haTC been atrong in this ptHnt. She 
litloiiged to Mr. Garaett, and though certsinly Tery good 
beef, was not eqoal to some specimens of the same breed 
which we hiYH seen at the Shows of the Royal Dnblin 
Socictf. Mr. Allan Pollok wan three first prizes in the 
Keihr sectiona, thatia, for the best shoittiomed heifer, the 
but \V»t Ifijchlaod heifer, and the best Scotch-polled 
hdfer, all under i ycara old. There was nothing remark- 
tiie aboot those heifers, or any of the others in the dif- 
ferent sections, with the eiception of Mr. Low's cup- 
wianing heifer, whidi waa entered in a general aection, 
the rest being merely fair market beef The entry of 
oitn was decidedly inferior to that of prcrioua years, 
and crery animal eihibitcd in the oi sectiona would 
bate been belter fitted for a abow if they had been kept 
Oier until Baster. The sncccasful eihibilors in those 
seetious were Mr. PoUok, Mr. Barton, and Mr. Winter. 

Ilie show of ahcep presented similar features to that of 
Eit beaslg, and. with a few exceptions, the occupants of 
the different pens were fiiir mutton end nothing 

"" lited were Mr. Owen's aged Lc' 

very highly finished, Mr. fJaper's 
priic pen of two-shear Shropshire weddcrs were al90*pnme 
ibeep: and the same may be aaid of his pen of two-shear 
cnnses, between Scotch bUck-ficed ewes and a Shrop- 
■hire ram, although the jndges did not give them the 
priie in the aection in which they were shown. This was a 
general aection made up of ewea and weddcra of all i^es, 
the priie bnng given to a pen of heavy three -year- old 
Ballinadoe wedders, belonging to Mr. Garnett. Surely 
the judges ought to hare talcen the quality of mutton 
into cooaideration, in a ease of this kind, and also the 
difference in age, early mntority being, in our opinion, 
apirially when combined with quality, a very material 
point. Mr, Broushton'a prize ahearling Shcopahire 
wedden were good ueep of their age ; and Mr. Frank's 
two pens of Leicester ewes, both of which were highly 
eoramended, were very fine. They were of the descrip- 
ticD of Leiecsters which are hred in the South of Scothind 
ud in Norlhumberhmd, and genetally known *a " Border 

lliere were only a few swine shown, but there waa not a 
bid one among the lot. The principal competitora, ao far 
u prices went, were tlie Uiasea Bcynell, Mr. Naper, Mr. 
Heyndl. and the Ouardiana of the North Dnblin Unian. 



The abow of poultry wna the larggat and beat held in 
Dublin for abng time, while Mrs, Ftrgnson Blair, Balthay- 
ock Castle, Scotland, was a principal eihibitor. and we are 
glad to say also moat auecessflil. Several of the lota ex- 
hibited by that lady in the different sections were mag- 
nificcnt — particularly her Bramah Pootras, Uorfcingi 



bnm. 



. . liahed all who si.. . 

them. The other sncceaaful cibibitors in the daaa were 
Mr, Williams, Mr, Boyle, Miea Brevar, Lord Jamea 
Butler, Mr. Lanf;try, Mr. Rowland, of Chester, and 
Capt. Cole Hamilton, k large number of besntifiil 
poultry was sent by the Commissioners of National Edu- 
cation, from the Albert Institution, Glaanevin, Thia col- 
lection not only got the prize offered for the beat lot of 
poultry eihibited by a pubUe institution, but was other- 
wise highly commended by the jndges. 

The show of farm-produce, which haa always been a 
leading feature in the Dnblin winter eibibitions, lost none 
ofits attraction on this occasion. It was lai;;cr than usual- 
arising in a great measure &om the competition caoaad by 
the presentation of a second cup by the flnn of Meaart. 
Dickson, Hogg, and Robertson, Dnhlin, for the beat col- 
lection of n>ot-crops. That eminent firm has presented a 
series of cupa for the same ot^ect to the society — that ia, 
one lost year, another for this yeur, and a third for the 
Show of 1SS4. The successful competitor last week was 
the Earl of Charlemont, through hie steward, Mr, Brady, 
the collection sent by his lordship being both extensive 
and good. This is tbe second time that Lord Charlemont 
has won the cnp. having been the successful competitor for 
it at last ycar'a exhibition. 

The collection of roots sent forward by Mr. Uahcr. 
Cappoquin, waa considered so very good that the judges 
rccomiuended it for a epeciol medal, and Lord 
James Butler's coUection waa also highly com- 
mended, while that sent by the Guardians of the 
North Dublin Union, tram their workhousc-fum, was 
commended. Certainly Mr, Usher's collection, as a 
show of roota grown on a fiirm, well deserved the special 
commendation it received; and the thanka of the society 
ore undoubtedly due to the spirited donors of the cup, for 
the stimulus they have given to exhibitors in this depart- 
ment of the show. The ataod of Messrs. Dickson, llogg, 
and Robertson was moat tastefully set out with a grand 
collection of coniferoos plants, omemental fiower vases, 
and lar^ roots, and formed a great attraction to viaitors. 

One of the most intereating objects in the eihibition of 
fiirm produce was a large collection of seedling potatoes, 
grown at the Society's Botanic Gardens, Glaanevin, by Dr. 
Moore, the talented curator of those beauli folly-kept 
grounds, Siitcen of the kinds of seedlinga exliibited arc 
of Scotch origin, having been raised by Mr. Pateraon, 
Dundee. They appear, for the most part, to partake of 
the " Kemp" strain, judging &om their brownie white 
and ronghlsh exteriors. They have only been grown one 
year in the Botanic Gardens at Glaanevin, where thcj were 
scut by Mr. Palcison tu be tried. They are reported to 
have great constitutional vigour, and to have yielded good 
cropa of excellent quality, particularly the kinds i»lled 
Regents, Emperors, and Rocts. Thelrish aeedlings from 
the Botanic Gardens couaisted of 33 lands, alt of which 
are fully matured. They were raised, about ten years 
ago, from seed, and have been grown in the Botanic 
Gardens ever aince, where they have improved in quality 
up to the present time. Some are of the " Kemp" atrain, 
whije othera are apparently more of the red apple. AH 
the aorta possess a vigorous conatitntioo, and yield crops 
of average quantity and of good qoaHty. 'They seem, 
therefore, a most valuable lot to be diatribnted among 
growers thmnghout the kingdom. 

The bert sample of white wheal, which wm exhibited by 



THK rARM3ft'« NAQAZINA 



Hi, Bull, ironed SSIba. pu bmluL The ittt n»ple 
nf harlfj, (sbibibd bf Ut. Trim, voghed GSJbt. par 
The be«t umpla af vLits o*1j RWgbed 43iIU. 



p«r bubel ; Bd tLat than >u lutliiiig ulraoidiuuy 
U the veight of the gnin >cat for competitioo. The 
bnt beuu, vhich were grova by Mr. Smith, Coontf 
VieUiiw, weighed OTlbi. The wcceuEul eihibiton of 
suoEel* were Mr. Forreat, Mr. Smith, Mr. liaUaa, t^ii 
ChuWont, ud Mr, fiuLaw ; of cirroUuidputiiipa, Mi. 
Smith, Mr. Bcfndl, aoi Uiri Juiei Butlec j ol iwedei, 
fill St. ViiLoeat ^VhiLabed, Bart., Hi, KemiT, ud Mr. 
SlMtdi and of flu fibie, ilemn. D. lad W. Ftttoa, 

The tboir of boUa »M mt Ivg*, but Mr, 
Pittoo'i hrat prue tub wu t*^ good. Mr. 
Potton fmoa in Moatghjo, vbieh ia a tilljge oouotf, but 
he nevejlbeleM beate eompetitors from other couatic* 
nhere dairj fuming ii a apBaalitj. Mr. B. Chahmer got 
the prize, w tu geaerallf doae, fur the bat umple of Insh 
ebmae. The priiee fat woola, in lbs ■iiffirfnt uctiou, 
■era takea bj Dr. Iiytw eod Mi. Biall. Cr. Ta}Ljr aUo 
Ipok the medal for the beit aeketioa oi baa fniaee 
gtown at the greateat elevation aboiB the lea. 

There i* not room »t the Winter Show fur is ettswive 
nhibition of Im^eninte ; but Mewrtr fiitcto, of Ardee, 



mn thne fnUKpenmcwotUuirplcii^i^ grobbKi, ud 
so^mg p?*f^inft* ; Meesn. t>k?*^"th^ uxd Itortoii, Lltct^ 

C, with their well-ksovit diaS marhinra ; Iavcb- 
DuUic, with firedaj gooda i aa elao Brona, Paialey ; 
Worth, Oxford Street, Loudon, wit^anriet}' of gwM in- 
ventioiu for daiif, atible, md domeatic piupoaea ; Pear^ 
Dublin, pmnpa ; Sr«dford, Manchester, waahing : — 



Smith and Wellstood, Dublin, Wm boiler*, bmilf 
coolDDg tUntt ; Bealf, Dublin, ■ vane^ of lum lode; 
aiul J. £. jAvea, b; hi* liiih ^ent, Mr, Bulhei&rd, 



glad In obacrTB that a vh^ decided 

agncultural dqwtmimt ia regsidMl bf Ue Society, sod 
■0 tnut Uut tba gcntleoieii vho baTB cha^ of 

Nipported bjr the fioeietf , tnitead nl bdng impeded b; the 

as; good in tujlhing in whidi thef m sot imJgediiLat^ 
(WKXyoed. 



nur jawi asppwiad vilh nincdr libin 
ol iha Treduai &BII7, and whiA » pi 
the thie tbat baa baao olUn jlinn it o( tl 



n* UBoal ntbwiu cl &na atoit, whieh hit baai fu tc 

^-'■'^-^ -TlFbbwilitjbj tba noble htad 

ck » pr»4DiDentl/ deMcrea 
in jiinn it o( tba " Baiilblald of tha 
f lucipani;, Hna piaec OB Tuaadaf and WedaaadaT, Xlaaaai- 
barlSandll.in tha apaaloaa oaw «Ute laaifcat al NawfoiL 
The aatiiaa *«fa ODnaaallj Urga, PoaibariDg, lac lira ataek 
•laoe, sa^ Ih* iMaam ia tba auinbar al the baraaa beiac 
epaaiallj aotioaabl*. Takaa ta a wbola, tha ahawwaa pnbablj 
the bcai sUch bai aftr bean held at Nawport. Bom ef the 
claaaaa (« boned ataek «ere muikablj good ; but theia 
««■ pKbapa a moia (ban uutUjUrge wJmiitun of lecood- 
rate animali. Bneial of the daaaea, ai va ha>a betora had 
oeaaaien to notiea, an what aia called * open daaaea,' i. v, 
Mr pni8-btad amaala maj be abown in thcBL Thua Htia- 
forde majr ouaa iala ee m patltiaa with ahwt'hoint, DaToaa, 
Bnaaer. sf bbj athaa pua bread 1 bat ia aaak af Ikaaa aaan 
a l aiiei the eoataat almial alwaf a liaa bftwea Iba two laadiot 
bitad*, tba Hacataida, and Uw ahact-hona. Wa fcn«* tbat 
Berafordibiia biaadan are not nrj partial to open daaaea, 
bat tba; are held to b* wall adaptM for (ha Voooonlhabiie 
and Boath Waica diatiici, and on ih«t nound appear to be 

C polar. Tha ofllaal eataloaaaihewa llSenliiaa of cattle 
the aaratal elaaaea. Tba Darona, beini Htlla brad in tha 
diaWiatiWaraDloaaraabwiBaambar, fiz., • antriaa. Tba 



THE TREPEGAR SHOW, 

Jaaea, UwrnrgMri Mi. Wim 



a BbarthoiBf, whiah did nat tkaa ^ow qnita ao 
aa theif ratt (inla. Paaaiac br tba Nwlta 

bread in wbiA BerafordAiia bu htlle inlaiaat, 

•a eaaw M two ilaaaia fbi aliort-honu, oos for Tearlinc bulla 
Bad tba oihat [o( two-fcar-old beilen, ia eicb o( whieb there 
wen ail cidriea, eompriains amoQi thai aone aoiBali of 
gnat eaeiili Mr. LofUi'e pii" haifai beinf apadallf ootlee- 
able for hat larp eran (imae and fjoid ahtiaetar. The next 
two elaaaea were Ibf Henfgida of aiailar aax nod aga, Lard 
Taadcfar abawieg the aaue palfoaafO to Iba thilt fMTti a* 



gaar ; Mr. Seea Keace, Peqctaag ; Mr. I>;ahon, Biidgaac 
and Mr. Themai, St, Iiitarf,Cowb[id|e, who via tba wnm 

• 1 :.L. ailing aaprlnj o( "Qoldflnd' 

I eoDpatilon in the eliu f 
. Tarlar, Strelloid Conrt, wl 
» neat halfM, ebMrtas a niai 
■ |Hf.BiU>BlkMtWiHi. 



ia an aTenge ela«i, with a pTomiiing dOipTinf 1 

ih. Q-A ■ Jktit ware alao aix eompatilan u. . 

L, Mr. J. Tajler, Strelloid Ooort, who 



Etaaa, Uaadowlaa, aai*. 



and Mr. W. Tndge, of AdTorton. Uatwartina, wfeo (oak At 

E' la allb a anpular bailer, abowing, itta Hi. T^btX a 
tttKnl head and good aTBDuUT a*d qaalilr. Thiawaaa 
eapitaldaaa. For L«d ^Magai^) frioa lai Ik* bMt Cat an, 
a (erj fail •hait.bBfa el U* Inadahip'a aaw i l t id witt Bad 
dilaitid a BmhH, *l aa paM t m ea ai eaa, Bhawn bf Mi. 



nartablr thick aad Ith, bnt ■carcelj' gaad aooogb in qaaUlf 
lo picaw (be batidiaaa " toaefaer." Mr, Halt, ol Glaahoij, 
wia hJRblf eomaaadad lar the cow which he ahowadattha 
lata Beialotd ■aatfof-a lair aaelBl. wall lad ew>, a UtUe left. 
aiwrtiaieilaa a dbarairiiKaih»eMi«liaa»toleti( a ah fl wb*»et. 
au b<«, >B ware ialotmad, baea eeld to ■ balehac at ttiy, aad 
will aid is eoabibBlipg the lapplf af auallaat Chiiauaa* butl 
which that town will DO donUaibibit, Mr. Patr.ofPanjwor- 
l«d, Dear Ht7, ibowad an old cow pgeaauiag aome good 
point*: andtb*eUaa,IfnotBTaiTgnndoo*,WMatleaalaci» 
dltablaooa. TbaolheiaihtUunwwe— Ui.B.Pn>eia,a«ld- 
cliff, Nawpart) Hi.T.LI. Bnwer. Daariratoi Hi, J«Ma^ 
UwjBTiuri Md Mr. B. LajdioB, Biidp^. Fai Mn. 
Lalgh'a «ap fbc raaitiag heiln, tba antiiaa aoa«ti(ad it* 



being Mr. BradOoak, Cobiai Paik, Koai, aad Mi. Tndce, •( 
Adfuton. Mr. findatoek'i haifu waa, bawaiti, not la ila 
aUlL Here tba aborthorH carried tha dar, Ht. Lacan, of 



Colonel Wood^ eup had fboi «nliiea,twa H*i»> 

Bboithona, and hen the laUei wan taiaad ; 

Mr. Pride, of Uannhanpl KanMI, oeai Chnalow, baiaf 

■»> -:». . 1 11 — i.Jli_ ak. ^^ Baraleid •(- 



aitb a rerjr nlaa yauUag hi 
K bMBg Mr. Jonea, al Ui 



hailat, Ihaatbef B 



Mi. I 



l).*i- .„- . 

unaniiiiifnllT on babalf of tha ahile faeaa. Pacing by aone 
cIuiH in which the aatriie wen imall and eielnalialf ahoit- 
hom, and pnaenttd no fotnn for apaeial notice, we aaaaa to 
the Weit of England and Benth Widea Dutrirf Bank priaa 
hi Ue beet boll aaU, lo tU* alaia than wan ■«• atfriaa bT 



NtflMliitaM 



TtiT 



Bwiad of Barit, M tkM tdok th* priM wd ■ fiirt knd wnrad 
AN cgmBOMioD. Mr. Tijki, of Bbowlt Cwut, won lb* 
ct; with ■ tra noitt* md tkiM wirti oldcalfb; bit Rojal 
ptin ban ■ Tambuina." Thn oApnng at " TnAtiiMt "sot 
o(''DiwhI1''wh tb«winBCTo(tk«lntpriiBiBUidu*st 
tta lul BotiBg of tha OloaoMtanbira BocHty, kald it Oirao- 
EMtB. Hb ihsm ■ gml dial of ths lliiek inl Intl etametw 

■hieh Hr. Tajlor tneaa througk hii dam to Uu " lUgoat " 
cno. la I nrj Ub elut, ttaa am sf " Tambuine " u liald 
h) ba dnarredljr mtitlad M tba padtion of bosoai wbieh hg 
oenpu*. Hr. noiMa, of SI. alltrj, nt hifhlT MBBtndad 
for a praguaiag cilf bf "GaUAndat Ika Steoidi" and Ur. 



Ub to kii FMMtMDnt. -OaUfladw thiSaewul'wu 

(Ml in hu bW M tha Boril, tt Ckailar, and bta piMd 

■riiM ilaaM JODBnoiablg. Altbomh now ■anh' tvdn 

jtut old, be Ntaioa tb« (am •( » giMd Hanloid Ml, vHh 

"ich ia tnoiBittad W 

bj Hi. ThoBBi, 11 

tbaSwoad." Hi. 



Ki. Bnditoek, of C«bi^ Puk ; Hi. Powall, of 

UvnitaBT I Ui. Piida, Uiafihiii|al Rofgiitt, Cbapitoa ; 
Nd Ml. DiTiaa, LbbiHom CmK, Newport. Is Oa naxt 
dua—Iha B«t. Ttaomii Piotbent'i enp for balM mU— Ik* 
SkeRhong van St»2, and Hf. Loijilt vai Bnt and biikly 
mMMiihd ; Hi. Joho Wifnon tin iittiog b soDBMada. 
liDawilhi aka kvfncalfbr "flpacolitoi,'' ailof!iii''BC»l(lr 
tka TkinL" Hi. Wairea Btuu, of UudaaUa, vu tha otba 
Botftvd aihibitar. Tba gnat piiia el tka maetiDc ii tba 
Corpantioa FUta fn tka bait rtwk boll, mw, n h«ifar, to ba 
nliibitad nndot ccttiia mi ipaciSBd eaiiditniu. Than in 
Ji thB CBUlocrii^ Til., Hr. WUliata Tijloi'i 

IB ;" Ur. R. LaTihaa, of Brid^rad, a 

; BIr. B«M Knae. Foaerstf, B HanToid bull; 
mi ill. John Winoia, a Hanfoid so*; bat ill tkt 



miuli Kallj eoapMo loc tkia baDdioma piiia^ Thi 
nScUl ntom placed Hi. John WifBMiM'a matait 
btifer "Btatdr tba TUtd' ml tbebaadof tiwUit At 
uiBil duplajting paat aaale, cbaraatar, tjntattiij, 
()Bili(;, Hi. WigBMn'i kubr ii cMtaialj ■ " (aai of tba 
mil," with la few diltetiuoita e*B *dl hmsto scat* 
Aliudj haiTi^ wiuthad with Iho lanidi of nctoij, bimf 
ma liit ariaaa mt C^nactitai and HoaBonth ia tba bnH, oow, 
iBBi, Bad It Homoalb ud Boii, in the 



tk WntaD-andsi-P«ojBrd Iwtd. We aaj jail 
•StitdrtbeTbiid" ia bj " romtB " (ISM), biad b; Cap- 
tut Faro, of tb* HOI Coait. Roai ( hei daa boiu "^Utalj," 
bnd br Ur. J. Joua, of the HaOo* Fvai, Dioadar, an 
irtimttllj axhiUtad br Hi. WigBora at tba OkxteaatMahii 
lad Hon ihowi, in IWO. Wa waot mota eawi of " SCalelr 
Ibi Tbiid't " aoala and ebiiatter i aad, wUla eoBgnloktiDe 
Hi. WigBon on hit raoettaa^ wa tmat Ikit kai pniBBj nil 
ton oat eqMUy wdL Wa IctiDtJ, ftoB a piiTiM tooroe, 
)kat Ui taal caBtoat lij bttwtaa Mr. Wiftaota't em tad Ur. 
W. Tt^lot'i ball "TtBil»nH " and bit hol-calf. tin winaei 
•f ibi prill ipna b; tkt Vn( of Eaglaad aad (knlb Wilaa 

DutiiMBa^. ■'TaBb«riB*''«ai|nailTadBirad 

MMBI7 tki(k.a«abgd tad kfal ball, thoo^ ht 

pP«"to«r> ' 

MOctobtii 
dMiKwocki 



WamBBTBatiOf Uandowlu, obuiiad II ._ , 

kii boll baiag tba ona wbiA bat takan piiitB it the Abnp. 
nnajr and Mbar Bootingt Ibit jni. Hi. Rofait, of Ah-TI- 
Inaii, wu camBaoded. Ur. Higgiai't hall bia ficat acau ] 
bat bng low in lath, ka qpaaied soBmibM ditii' 



■BJBBlt wan not ia Iha itill iccwdiog tc 



Ika niki o( tka Heiafoiit tid 
Ur.BMB Kna't Htnfbrd cow 
inat Might : but hai qntlilj it bb( of tha beat daM. Amoiig 
lit In jun old Maui and jaiiliag kaifBit Ibi the ta>- 
■nbo' priiat than wen toaa goad, knl not Taty grand "' 
■il^ 111 of wkieh wen Hoetardi. Tka laat eliat bi c 
-^mO, aa«, and iifipiiiig — «ai an ofm one, bai U« iota 
M«ad (M ia BUabw) waia aH Uanfoidt. Tha albibihn 
*at Hi. Boftrt, A!lt-ji-laiui, AbaigtreBB; | Hr. Uiggtni, 
WadaNon Snap; Ui. W. HaniJ^ riankannork, Nawpsrt ; 
Hn. Dawla, Omit Fan, Chapatow ; Hi. WoRaa Stani, 
Uudnlu; and Ui. Thoa. 'AoBa^ Bt. Hilai}, Cowbridie. 
AiMienMa laatnn of thii dau wiiIbB aaeqaal Baiitol 3>e 
■null. Far iutinea — ai wu itBariud hj one of tbt jndgel 
K tb dtiaat— in 00a lot than w«i • good ball, a bad co«, 
Ml it indiKml offipriag, md in molEai a bid bull, • good 
Bw, ibI a BJdilliBg oSipiio^ Tba judgaa had thu* a nbod 
BBf pnata to bilanca, andthaj luUj mi^d 0» 



wril lapported, Un. Dowk*! 
iccwding to Ibait nuiUwf . Tht 
Eita Stock Depaitowil, which il ioina ibowi coaititatta * 
Ttij liige and latartttuig batun, ii it Newport ilaoat 
DOBiBtl—t drcuDiCiBce whiek ia no doabt tttribnUble to 
the aiLiat aad Tuietf of the eliut*. 

Thaia wen tortr eotiiaa of ihaap, of whiek the loagwotl 
rut limhelui bad oDEnti than thiiUa*. latheotkvdBNW 
with tha aiaaptioa of Ifaoaa lai manntain biaadi, Ihan wu 
not Ttrj great eoanatitlaa. 1k« ahaw of " uioaiitaiiiaB^ 
WH wBiikably good. 

Then wan 21 antiin of plga , ud 1 Bner )b«« ot nuaban 
of tha pcreiBe [imily , whetkai for bicadiog pnrpaeee oi bl 
ilioghtciing, hia nralj bian acen. 

Tba ihow of harm wu tn nnitnillj Iirgt ene, the cMfr. 
logue httiDs so fiwii than LIQ eiitiici,thni ditullod — jaai- 
liu cart colli or fiUica, 4 ; thne-jeu-old ditto, 7 1 fonr-jaar- 
ddditto.a; aart mtnt ud {iNitt.S; oitiie «trt borate, St 
nag aurei^ for geunl pnipaaae, in faal or with collt at nde, 
10 ; poniei nadti futt jain old, 10 ; eobi, biad in tha eaaatf 
olUonmoottaiOluMrgBn, oiDrtcoa,III; bread cob Bam, IS ; 
jtuliog eolti or filliai by Ihoiaigbteed honea. 9] threo-jaar- 



jadgea, and for lonia time piit lb* Hob. Oodbej Hoigan, 
Hi. W. S. Cirtwiiiht, ud other gcDtlamtD who tii gieit 
■ticklen foi ptuitf ot breed, bin tried lealoiuly to effea in 
ioipiDirttDCDt, In innie of tha gIiiki the preteol ibow, on 
tbit grDiiiid of meiili wu much In idinnca of uj ona of lit 






■I of tntriot, il 



• ollabitlad bnll " Ool 



oUflodei 



whr and the whero- 
1 ine 7ira, With tuck 1 long 
impouible to go into auaj d^ 
ttili. we mntl cooieni oiutelTci bj ttating that tha iliaaaa 
toi jeuling tod thiac-jttr-old colli ai Uliii bj thoiougbbied 
boiNt wen mnth the beit in the raid, each daia piodocing 
aama tbij topetioi aaiBali. Hr. W. 8. Cutnif^t wit fv- 
loatla anoagk to take tka piiw i« Bufa altaa; in (ha jaaiUagi 
ariik a lamirkiblj-bindiOBi tUj bj Oanait^i'Vaigf out of 
KUaanj, andwhil^hHbatOBaBad''lAdfTiad4Bii" aad 
in tba olka daai with a wiU-fnniiihtd odt hr Buatoa eat 
of Tweli»atoBa-twa. The ooba piodund aethlag ittj giBid, 
tlthoogh mf noBKoot, Among tht eob bnod Bana, Hi, 
Huiii'a Gnl priie uimal wu my mock idBiied. Tha 
Jodgu twtidad tka piiaa ginD k} Hi. Cana, of IltM Ooni^ 
[01 tha but fooiyiar-aU colt, Ulj, or gelding, bjr tthecaagb- 
bred horae, to Dr. Smjtbe, of AbtrfiTennj; bat tht bona 
wu tubatqaeatif diiquiliied on ih* giooad ot hia aire, 
GaMcoch, haiag a ballbnd, tad tht ptiia wti taken by Cd. 
U. Qoit linduj, ot Bieeoa, with a hont by Deiance, whith 
had been eoBBended. The anliie tboioughbndi ibown tor 
Hi. Certwright'a piin wen not qnite of the bait atinp, bat 
tba jodgu Ikooibt Hr. O. H. WilliaB)*! rnaeateUi, by 
fivaalBtit, good enoogb to Joitity than in iwaiding tha cop. 
Thero wire Gio entiiea. bnt we coold lu only two olbei 
faoiaaa ia the yurd on Tnaiday, rii., a (oui-yiaMild by Welt 
Anatnliu, out of Uuriet by Pjnbiu tha 7inl, Iha prapBTly 
of Ui. John Clayton, of Oidteoham, which, Ihoagb aaat, 
lacked tnbattnce ; and a bay bona, SiUoau by Ncwainilcr 
oat of Bhiaiwli, whidi vu ihawn by Hr. OtiBiht, ol tba 
Asbray Ansa, Itoeraitow, and wai a good deal Jweitd. 
■"- ^ let daagbt poipOMt tbBi m • fiw 

., ._. _ « =!_;._ .1^ |Mitd». 



good onaa, and iiTtnl M gi 



.cdbyGoO^le * 



10 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



lut bt in UonnuDtluhin tnd Sooth Wikt | Ui. W. Cui, BUckhouM, 8«Ula, YoiktUra ; tat Mi. T. 
nufht honci, tsd thit good piieu tie now [ Bat, Wtiumbuir, FsnbiiiKg, LtemiLtttr ; uiuUd bj Mi. 
I is room tat MMieCbiDi MtMr lo b« j tt pro- I J. Butltoo, LdbiIij Court. Fembiidgc, LMainMar. Jadgea 
diwed. roT tha bortN, Mr. B. Ctaipmu, Chduohui; ud Mr. li, 

Tbs judgcf [01 Uit hoioNl itoct, ibtcp, ud piji wcra | B>kn, CbtpiUv. 



public, and Ibe itock mu studioualj euei for. Wbilst 
■applied ivilh abonJiiice at fgol inii wiLer, tbs animals 
vtre kcpc in a clean]; state, Uie wholH of the arraogemeDts 
•greed upon were admirably pat into eiecatiOQ, ud m air 
ol joj and gladness previded the en^re aoene. 

The fuUnwing were IbejodKes for Cittl* ; Mr. B. Wilson, 
Brawitb, Thirak ; Mr. J. Wood, Slaiiwick Park, Darling- 
tod; and Mr. W. Dabsoo, NeifOBIlo-apon-Tyue. 

Por Sheep and Figa : Mr. J. Borton, fiarlon Honae, 
Uallon ; and Hr. J. Walm>l«j, Rudslon Iloaie, Brid- 

AIVARD OF THE PRIZES. 



Feats, Woodlands. Darlington, This animal atsu obuined 
tbe Fmideal'iCDp, aslliebeHtanioialiu the cattle cissies. 
Second, £S, Mr.F. Curr. Ui^lingtoD. Hightr commtrnded, 
LorJ Kiunaird, Itussie Priorjr. 

Oi, not exceeding three fe*rs o1d,£10, Mr. J. Baroitt, 
BirdConh; second, £S, Mr. J. R. Singleton, Qiteadale. 
Commanded, Mr. J. Bannam, Kirk Ueighton. 

Cow, having had one living calf, £10, Mr. Chai Walaon, 
Saaton Rosa ; seeond, £S, Mr. Wm. Holland, LightcliHe. 

Heifer, not eiceeding four yean old, £11), Mr. A. Mac- 
betm, Carlton ; second, £5, Mr. Francis (. arr, Hchngtou. 



Highly c 



ended, Mr. C. Weddall, West Biu! 



I, £10, Mr, J. W. 
Pease, Woodlands ; second, £-^, Mr. Robt. a«ll, Grlmslon. 
This animal also carried oU'Mr. Simpson's cop. Highly 
comneDded, Iiord FcTcnham, Dnncnmbe Fsrk. 
Otuib Bbiidi. 

Polled Booia 01, £S. Mr. J. Ktid,arHttone,Ai(ord, A.ber. 
been ; secoad. £2, Sir W. C. TreTeljii, Bsrt. 

Foiled Beoleb cow or heifer, £S, Mr. J. R«id , second, £2, 
Sir W. C. Trareljan, Bstt. Canmendtd. Mr.Tboms Lund, 
Aodba altooblaiacd Mr. Simpuu's mp. 

Uifblnnd oi, £G, Ibe Hon. AiloinI DuBeambe, Kilnwick 
Peicf. 



CsOiB Bkbbdi. 

Bii W. C. Trerelyti, Ban. ) scooad, £2, 

Cobdilt^ Highl; oomnendtd. Mi. T. 



IT FAkHBU' CLAHBO. 

£S, and the ExShmtTi cap. Mr. a 
1 41, Kr. a. Wiltj, Btmhj. HigU} 



THE YORKSHIRE SOCIETY'S FAT STOCK SHOW. 

On Wednesday and Thnrtda;,l>ecenibf r 2 and t, this socisty 
held their winter exhibition of fat stock, poultry, and roots. 
The general appeirance of the show was imposing from 
every point at which it could bo witaesaed, Uie splendid 



BUimended, Mr. T. Uill. Wethrrby j 
Uepatanslall, Uailewood. 

Cow of any breed, £S, Mr. J. RadelilT, Blcaiabyi aeeood, 
£2, Mr. Thai. HilL Uighlv eomutnded, Mr. J. Charlca- 
worth, Htadldd. 

Ueiier of any breed, £E and Lady Trerelyu't cup. Mr. 
H. Tamlinion, Ce^tberpe; stcond, £2. Mi. C. Watwni, 
Soweiby. Highly eDnioiendtd, Hi. M. BlephcBSoa, Pour- 
■looee, Ueihau; eoniocnded, Mr. R. LolthoDse, Bitbop- 
Ihoipe, 

BxTKa Stock. 

The Hen. Adoiial DuDCombt, £2, for a row oi, in yean 
old. 

SHEEP.— LiiaigTBH, 

Pen of ILrse wttben, under 22 BontliB old, £4. Mr G. L. 
?oi, Bismbam Pitk ; second, £2. ditto. Highly eomBcndtd 
Mr. John Lee, Qardbam. 

Otubk Briidi. 
Pen of three acuth or other down wctbin, £3. the Bon, 
Adaiin\ DoDcombc ; sccood, £1, diuo. Higbly commended. 
Lord M'tnlock. Euiicl " ' 



Pen of ihiienelheri, orinjcnui breed, under £2 noDths 
old, £3. Mr. ThomaiKo<)inioB; second, £1, Lord Weplock. 
Commendtd, Lord Kiniiniid, RoHiePiioiy. 

GXTKA Btoci. 
Hetari.W. aad F. Coulton, QiUuby Fsrm, £1. for five 
Leicester ewti, 3 years old. 

Mr. J.Let,Oardhini, Gi , for a thiee-sheai iwe ; and 5a., 

foi wether, 20^ months old. 

P108. 



Mr. J. Smith, t 



uilet. 



leeeding 12 Donlb* oM, £3, Rev. F. J. 
OiugkeD, Pwklingion Grammar 8cbool| wcMd, £1, Mr. 
George Mangles, Givendale. 

Pil, small brMd, uodei 12 moDtbs dd, £S and Mr. Hill'* 
cap, Mr. Peter Wslker, UealiDglon ; stcond, ^£1, Mr. W. 
U. Hick. I'snner Itaw, York. Coninended, Mr. Q. Mssglts, 
aiiendile, Mr. J. Wriggleiworlb, Morton, and Hr. C. Toogt, 
High Catton. 

Pig, middle breed, eiceeding 12 months old, £3, Mr. J. 
HickmiD, Hull i stcoad, £1. Mr. T Marwood, Boston 8pa. 
Highly commeuded, Mr. U. Dndding, Hsxby ; commeoded, 
Hr. C. Cook. Goodramgatc, Toilc. 

Fig, middle breed, nndsr 12 monltit old,£S, Mr. Hanry 
Dadding, Ilaiby ; acoond, £2, Hi. HOI, Wclherby. Highly 
oommended. Mr. T. UiU. 

Pen of three park pigs, undo foni month* old, £3, Lord 
Wanloek ; saeoad. £S, ditto. Commended, Mr. W. Hoiaaey, 
York, aadHr. W. Fall, York. 

EXTKA StOCI. 

Sir O. 0. WoBibwtl!, Bart., Newbnrgh Park, SOi, tor 
tbrea jugi, small breed, ]1 montbi old. 

"-. Htnry Wbitlaker. King's square, Yoifc, ts., hr a 

,, for ■ pig, 1 yeusDd IS 



„ Google 



THE FARIUER'S MAGAZINE. 



STEAM DIGGBBS AND DBLVBRS. 




riihaintuorj eUwaf djgpn auaiaadiB si 

Btida aBibc tha itMn* hiiitiif j iDd wa aaj fulhn [iifiii 
tbit ■hA of wtwt VH lUtad on tkst oocaoini i> kppliubb M 
tki pnaal, t« idatiTa d*l*cti>a iUria< miwhinim. u>d 

>ln la tha ImpnTOunti dcobbut (a attr' '" 

indieiUtkaAald. 

Difcnf with ■ ipcd* at hik. wluai prar 
ii uqandoMblf flritnta tillica, pnneii 



>ork daa I7 Iba pli 



daa I7 Iba pisifh ai ■ 
tUi it mAaawmfi, it 



fkt at ealMliiM a> wlinh tha tva vortt an awutad 
■ fwhiaa lagnUT ofadltBd. la poUl a( bet, botk 
.■.jiMUrta * 



naaMdutamad 

, ^ tha BB.it sat 

IftktNaaM-plo^hitaaU _, 

aaka aa aoMl niBtt at work (0 tkat bow dma wllk tha 
iHa, ifada haaiao^ by itaaa B>]r laaa Bueh af ita pnatDt 
pifalariljiB thaaMiaatHaa(iu wuaaatadtocataa. Batif 
naan, wbtn tha laUaot e( caMntMo ec tha 
wk d<Ba U auBuad aKlnaitalr b«a an 
* -■— "1 Batorallj loUow^ dd tha ethM 
^H, san » ■ —— — OMB a piMj laanhiairnl foiat al 
•in.tWttf nakatha aetioaof tha pkngh, oaa we laka a 
■ " ir Hiiim liifeffi, ud 



npariol to buid-4alno( a* 



Una liaa it in the iuroiaaaat o( 
tr •adi Baaaa kaap apada hnalMDdcr in 
Miif *aa ba thaa aa Buak npat 




paifaetlf katitimala mb, 
r M» tha porpaaa o( laaual- 
la em praaaat hobbj-bona 

. ._ . _ . .^tcavaiaial quaatioii ol U* 

■c ^feivt ia Mt a Inallr MUlad on^ bat [ha 
ar fins bda( aoltad ia lamu af tha fannar 
it or Awk} thaa (Mt, allhea(h ant |ripad ddTan ban, 
•timai^ baat hmaa aat o( tha bU tiinnphanti;. Sgeb 
m* tha aatoal fomlMO o( tba two mal ■jitemi, it ia 
mbW that tam-ipit dblnBg b; ilaaa Boit, lika ntarj 
%p>(, ha lodhad Bpog ai aa cncptioaal pnetiaa far ipadal 
nrniwitaaii^ ai laaikit laidaniag, aid nat at a (anafaj nla 
■ •Crialtaie. BdI, ia (lantias tki^ w« anut, SB tha at 
bM, ifaia ia»iiiil tha oat-and-oat adTocawa of tha jloi 



H^ aalitlad to ipadal tymftthj, 

■^-^^mortbapiaWoai at H _ _. _ . 

1 tiactioa^DElnt. with diRiH ■?- 
rilsc ifhat gaidwata, and athwa 

_ _.-._ ^..naatof aaahi and a dicgkaf ap- 

Pn>aa,thMaaa nadilj ba attachad to the pactaUa an(>BM 
MwMag BMd brlaodQwDan aad ihait taaati, ia Ibraahiag, 



aodnnafalal ., . . .._ 
I ntdnar it mj dihraati lOi hb 
aipaatea in katpiiu hanta la tha immadinta ndaitj at towaa 
araraif iraal, whiMhona-plaaghiuihiabtcaoia olJfaihioDad, 

warid ta Nfaidt taaBt, iloogh-gtar, and otbR ckattdi at 
miig*. Saah thaa beui U* poaitioD, it natnntlj follawi 
that if ba eaa (at a UaaBJahar to de hia work nneh chtapat 
and battat than Ui oat-otdata tattle and iMpliwnii, tha 
atapeaiti en will net ha aithoat Iti attiaMfaHU to him. And 
baaidai tillafe, tha digpi Maj ba dMaebad Iron tba tapn, 
and panpiaii appaialoa pnl oa, ao aa to apalj water n Iqaid 
waoan to the bad i and uapottut n both thaaa «aa^darati«M 
ai^ then ia anolhtr of paihapa atill ptalac waifht, lor fu- 
1 i„j j,^ — J j,^ „„ „„ ^,,1, ^ 

> and lailwar e 



pataUti^ einu and 
ngtttble Ui(^nm tl 

that artielaa net areifaiced vhan Ihna CTawn in tha pnra air 
ct tha eooalj will alvafi Mael a tnady laU. Now, af all 
thian, ompalltiaa af ttia Uad ii tha aiott pawarfnl moaitoi 
in cSielia( ehaafae af tha kind eeBtanpUled, br iwaapin; 
haltM^kdlei old eaVor-dnlB tiaah to tha ahadaa o( oblinoB ; 
and b; aatiaiyiag tha seat aatiqaaiiao ol tha old lehool that 
tha onlj nia ol aafa^ in ancdi eaacai) ta kteppaoe with tht 

With thaea pictDiaai bafais at, we naw coae la tba m^ 
dianical proUaai of aciomttio turiuiut action. That ataam 
will ba williDg and taadr (0 do ila put in tha patformaaoa 
or the work, no oae naad niae a daahl who knoin injtUas 
■boat iu qaalileationi ai a priBe aioTar. Of the aanj pRH 
poaitioiu hithaita anniiwlad, wa ahall mIj qooUeae aa an 
eumplti and that one Inni the Joanal of Ute Bodrtj ol 
Atta,?eb. 1, IBSecAppendiila Fowlar'a papa oa"Culti- 
latioB b; Slaam— iu Put Hiatorr and PrabaU* Praapteli') : 
' It hit,' aap tha wntar, " beta propoted 10 di^ land eo the 
priocipli of tba ataam-hawner. Buppoae a ainci of aaeilla- 
tiD| ejliDdaia eonitnictad on tba prladpla of tha ilaaa- 
hamineri batlnataadof tha baiomar aUfiafotkiWilb aavlTal 
■elioo on tha pbton-nd for taminf off Ihe apit. Tou will 
indUj pareaita tbal it woold not tua a nat a>out oF an- 
giBeanegtemahatbailaawi drimhefoiki iBtotha enHmd, lift 
them oal brooa crank ihafl moliDa, tonlba fork bj a aacaad 
onitaiwinl, adranca anothet atep b; inteiBiitleBl pcof na- 
■ioni, and an on. All tUi ia pUia luUnf, at laaat apoa 

Tba pnetieal objection to th* aboia aa a mdjaimtay idea 
ia tha inttrmitltot prt^aiiion of tba itaan-hona. Id obi 
■ecoDd artida it wia ihowa that tba aDfina nndci rotatj ml- 
tiiKion iboold be kept noiiBg, In olhai word), tba pro- 

EraaiiBn or tba aafina or prima mom nnat be owtiauona, 
at Ihilaf tbalnloram of thadicgingnpperatiiiiaUrsltUM, 
Id funbD illaatntion of tbit, let ui hnaSj a <— -'- 



It i^be bq 



■t te tha potpaaea of phig(b- 
opMaliowi bat aaw, that aU 
•■l«|*ta«aaiNbaaf iatanaelad tad Uhirilj eha^tiad 
*<* nbMd% Ml IhttAa IMt« M bclii«fa« In Ita pndnaa 



. Bt4U 



graasd aadat the twa ia then tha Hi 

(Da principal weight la span tha laot Irat nuitiaaan, bbbb ■*- 
iB( teWt or rifht tool, acaordiac aa be la ■ofiivtatha 
le(tari|ht,of ia ri|bterleA-handcd. Qardaaara aad food 
wortaaa laain to aat hath baada aqnallr, and thai ahift haado 
altanalalr- Id Ihe wita nndar aaliaa wa ahall eappoeetha 
dalTar ie aiandiaf on tba left faal, hto lifht leet, wtih whuk 
hait dririag ia hit apade, btlw the aaa that Itahodwilfa 



V Google 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



tutu tta ipil iato ill pirn, nd w eti fiw ujthmc thit ii 
vrndg witk tlw ■oifiea ■> u la gin hii *nk i warkmu-lit« 
■ppnnnoi, be thmi Ui miEbt upon bii ri^t foot in order 
to ihift tlie left on to ■ nnr faknuo, to nubls him to tiki on 



lupirfanikatc^oftbouAu opfrandfof IhoutonlMnt 
in dicrii, «ill poCMX th*t ooch tool, vhk tb« fakroa 
nodnit, bH it) •padd hnelioo to parfiMB— tha bftfootud 
iti lolorani, vhia ka n driTtai la kla apada and tania^ tta 
apit, aid bu rifht faot wid it* AdgniB whtn bo ia ibifdnc 
lib poaittoB backward ■ tbart atap, aqnil to tha braadtk of 
Ika i^t, to laka on fnab (roond. 

Tba qoattion la to ho« etoaalj tbaao data rdtUTi to the 
(tanelioo of Iba ddnt*! hot aad tolora nndo' thoni uininda 
with tha true fnla* ud tettoa o( aa roir-IrHr, fbtMitrlnlm- 
docod undsr nlaij dtfgan, oajp ulUf ba kit la tha kuidiof 
liTtaton. Tbit *a epdltH tack pUtfhm nay be nada to 
IMTO in tbo opponU dinetton of Ina ntlaa, and at an aqoal 
Tolodt J, io M Tiitaallf t0 ba at ran on th« jtiooad riU, uid 
thai wrTO ai a hiknm, ia ft probtaa «Uch in prindpla k 
■ItoodT bwa Mlrad br ona o( tha fatten of ataaa eohan- 
*la, Rwheoal. And beaidaa a tnialliBg pUlfom aa a it 
tioaarj tokram, another plan bH alw b««n lolTad, « laait I 



eralefaei bahiad tnetioa^niiBet ; for bro ... 

of BojdiU't vhada apon thi eratchw uj be nude tha fnl- 
enm to the aibftdti dtlicr. 

Af nu, If an 0>«rltrar can be worked *o u to kotp paea 
with the p ei l p har j el tha tootbid or ncbet rerslnat wheal 
spoa which It wotki^ ateehaniiB rimilu ia priwiida can be 
woikad alenjt a hoiiiontal nek, and, b point of hat, tniellug 
eraaaa hare bean ao wockod foraard in aun wari than one. 

An oljeetioo ma* here be raiMd, that in attbat eu*. bi 
moraaooFciillr in that of tb»iDdlca>plittb(ai,the tukroBl. 
propoM wonld Mud In tha wij of the dlijera, la other 
wordi the land nndn the aadleee plnttoim or Mioea of tte 
cntihat could sol b> dB|. Bat *>eb cu leadilj be lanad to 
tha wind, for It )■ not iptdal aMebaabm that «e *r« f 
log, but tha prindpla wblcb udi inroln. How.tb* 
pic la qoettioo ii umplr thii: that the fnlcmm of tha „ 
■hall mote htckwani at a Telodtf (qoal to tha apaed ot the 
eoKiDt, M that it nu)> lemiin TirtiuUr at rtetperpeudinlarlj 
nliaia the land to be dug, lO that If «• anptiaaa anur, tite, or 
aii-ipch breadth of apit, aacordinf a* may be the depth, tbeo 
an that i* oNouarr u Id fire tba fnleniMartiuo a iliort 
horiiaital motion backwirda and forward* of SroM JMirtai^ 
in ak ea t . «^ backward when the Hiado or fork i* bdos drhcn 
Into the (roud, lifted, and tnmad om io depoaillH the ipit 
In ila propat plna*; hot torwird in the other monmast, when 
taking on hath |[»Miid, eiictly limilir in priaeiple to the 
two ooreiMnti of tha labounr, Aad bnldei, eodlnu tnTcU 
ling plitfotmi may beraiaad iDBIeianttf Ugh to be dof under, 
01 tha diggiag apparatna aa; lie ia iti tear. 

Havinjt thai got ■ lolemm tor oni tnniplt 
ban next to examine the peculiar machaaiii 

pnfMm the tonrtiag ynctn, and thit brig^ 

priooiplM inrolicd m tba ehaiaeterittic twiat of the Inbonrer^ 
albow. in eonpatitoi with what we aae oiempliAad ao onoetan- 
Utioatljp in the BMntiapleactiooaf thetaraoTarofaplongb. 

And betldee the leonal rootine thUowed In r'-'- 

•re in both more waifi of tnriiM the and t1 

eaaaeftha tpada^for eumple, the t^t mq 1 _. , 

renn4 or ooly half mand, Mng tbtown apon ita edge : or it 
mtf te lavarted in tba tnoeh on • third plan '"-^ - *- 

thapr*Tlautwo,maiaeipicilllTialotbapecali_ 

nquredto partam tbo wod aniOdally; thanottttoflhe 



fokaiMdlhaanaf 



qala bdag oab Gftod to tbo tap of I 

oppeaite Iba dalw, aad tbaapilledfei 

tod , the Inter haioi kept in Ua ^nea br the Im ' 
not leaTa tha ipadabaMy. TbialattarplaB ieM 
raeorted to bf bagiaaett. befare tbof bn* kai 
liaf^^^fni, tba apada taeeftBfnIb, waaiitllj wbaa I 
aJhetae to tba imp ltm ant. It t» alw adoptad by laij wech»en. 
to aroid lifUng tha apit to tha balgbl nqaind aaiM Iba Ant 
plaB.iadlbioviagitoawltbatfamat. Aalathaqaalitrafth* 

— L 1 1 1 -,._ .L— U-. ^ prtwdpl^ 

_,__. .. ... alltMqthla 

praetica tba oddi an ia fanor of tha irat aad aawwl jttM, 
that i* Bora dae to artltiio akUl aeqdrad Ikam aiptilaaa*, aai 
batUr adaptattea to he tbu paMemad by tbe paaabar ma. 
ebaoieal eaoMBy of lb* boBan Aaaa, thai to aay ilfiimni 
of pruKiple in tht mode of calUntiBi, la poiat (it foct that 
ia no diftotnea ia tba prineipla of ealtinltaa, far wark c< aa 
good qnablr mar be pirfhrBad on tba latter plia •• an Iht 
fiiraer two, eliboagb not to eatUy d«M by hanaa labanb 
Bat ak latter, tha raadat will panrira, k ao argaaaot wMl 
btooght againit m^ina-dtliing, foe to oanBary may bit 

Bat how. It may be iikod, It tbo i^ to be ramawd fr^ 
tbe ttelD ipadi^ nnloM it it turned o>er, aa in the can of Iht 
labonrarf Thti, bowewr. may ha »1 ean diipilii o< ntia- 
(aetorilj, far tbe lahanrar^ epede reqabM etmetbmg man 
IbiB Bertly tarnlag onr, a good Orm ihak* or Itoait beta* 
■beolnti^ ntwwary to clear it wbea tba bod It wwt mS 
idbiain. How, ■ prorlrio n mat alw^a ha mad* for Iba 
BOT* diOeall aiampla* of prwtk^ nd »t the labover, ta 
tttekr tenndoot aoib, it tAen obUged Io apply Ua fgat Badn 
tba third plan in qaeitlta. H foDowit M Dm lwttl«*iapantef 
iaqairy, It not Iktt latlar , the*, tbe paanllar jj- "' ' 
be adopted In Iba coBttriKt* 
iblt be eaaily eSeeted liy ■ 



niwaida Into 



tbebt 



aad wbaaa 



trial i* made to dig land on Ihb plaa. la we ha** doii^ ud 
at oar latertatad naden Uoold do b* wny rf *ipnim»t t 
And wedd not medeilon of thit Uid ba man rimpt* ia Ha 
coattnotiDa, mon effactiN and donUa ia in opera t ioa, aad 
cheaper, than the cnak and twl*aI-tBtni*f plan* of the 



tptde may bi inlndoead nidM tba 
teeondplenoF * half turn twiit of th* handle, aad that it 
ooold be rmnoied whan tlu qnilitT of the tail did not leqain 
tnoh a prorition. 

At to * Croat batwaen the plongb nnd the epeda, waba*anot 
rooB left to uy Boch on the matter. Croaainf tha bned lua 
cartaiBE* become mora tbu ■ famrita theory amoagn 
praotlctl lumere, hot the prwoiition of a haU-bnd ataam- 
hom reqniiee a lecaod eonildmtiOB before it It Bnally 
adopted. Rotary phngha bate been tried, and nriooa pUaa 
.. . . ... ... ._ .,,jj^, J^ 



o( acrawiog apparttai 



At 



I ptapo*ad, bu 



ehang* in tba right dlraetloa. Cu we theietoe ent onr aoda 
to the proper depth, ud kogth, and breadth K>ti«ally tnm 
abof*, aad thu torn tbam on* by a *arin of atnai womiag 
their way lUce true talpu, each np lie own fairow, keaping 
■ tarning He •ode afar witb lb* 



W bwdliiiLdw 



withont inten^Hko r 



may b*, tad from 
BxaiiTUB. 



FEEDING STUFFS. 



Oub, after tb* - barraat neatien," lb. W. C, SpooMr, of 
'^' ""J, """S^Mpton, had HBdirtakea to intrmWn dii- 
caniJB "On r**ding tMb-tMt relMin pnpertl** ud 

n*CHU«UHiddhtwHb^Fytanate Hut(lMblufc 



hi thair tard had now ban flDad «p by Mr. apMMC «ht ted 
laeapled tba ln*iutie> et the dab M eaat* aad gM tbam a 
ttw ob*er**tioa* «■ a qaiitiea ef *My gnat impartaaoa t* 
agrimltsrltt*. 

Kr. W. O. amoma i^: Kr, OhAmaaaad nwiHiMa. 
—I mbM (voktiN fbi iriNt Ii^nnrnwiUftiidanry 



.,1b, Google 



THE FARUBR'S MAGAZINE, 



U 



l l wfc H Mm»,Ul«ahu»Wwab»BdUi; l»llMMpl«« 
H BT *WM* tin iheitiMM of tiM Botin 1 IwTi hid, ud kkfing 
taM Mond iB alb« owqprtiow. I ter* mat bna ibU ts 



ruBot ka aU Ut laHMt 
idiiiTi nha ud Mw,''^ ii n* oflitlU lapartHM* «r of UttI* 
hiaiM to tbi aoBBiu^ U lu|* a* thi badf «f ftMtM 
■fiWtaibti thnudiM. yn»t we look ot lb* MiUnln of 

m OutlT Ud lid (iMOaOtBMIllMSMi ofMlillMl bodlbU 

ioHrtaknhjtlMponlitioBortlMMUKid^ it ii ■ Butte 
nloBiKoHarnlMhowgiMtUwananttQa mmi bt Ihit 
nlki tki* bod oad how Impoftut U i) to th* box iatmoU 
tl tb naBtn— I ■» OmM ■>;. tka bMt kUnoU oIlMaB. 
ibj-lhitthliiboalirbBfBlljnrpUod. tnrt mam taitita 

ttlOTlbll rt lTll tto Bptltowl0Witk0,priBaflMMldlBBql«M« 

ttclocMnnaf Ibo npWkaiL Wo wmImw lad mm 
dMrpaHMBBOOMboshnnTdudtdlillcUatadiMiMlbol 
ki hn Buignl to go thtHrt Ihi worid up to thkl litae with- 
m putakiBs hr but r*ua o( oaioBl food; ud •obmInn 
■aaaofcrwaidudoffHtd IbiBwIvnupnatiaol proof of 
tto odnatom ol i wMibli dM, ■Hbomh thou >bo w» 
Itoa lowo tii iiu ampbiBid of > p4uu* ud polUdoM of 
itock, bit r^ f^ BuAdlf BolBUintkotitii* ptt wnr 
to Ht uf uimo) food It ilL Wo, bMonr, ksw tku tk«« 
li M trath, oithOT to •nirattBTi or pbilMOrbf, (hit ouM bo 
>Fr>t*^lfUd*P««d«dBponlbon«ipttonitdoo«. Xzetp- 
lloH ■• J pnn ralM, bat txMptiau nont ptorod tbM thij 
vntheoMlfMnlM; Bad that n Ibo bni wttb ngud to o 
nptabk diot. Bono f tore liBM^ vhu BonUih contfMton 
nn eoDtd to nuea ud oikar put! of tko BudDoit to ordtr 
to rntk* nfflwBjm to wUek tho Pnoch at tbat tlaa kod kad 
"Miin oBgagad *•» eaitlj >o(ltah 



KMtiih larictlor. Altbongb thU viskt _, 

UnlntiUa W Iba upaika ikiB of tba Mu orar tba otbar, ytt 
JtBihdrdvudadanthtfutthattho oh nbiiatod lupl; 
MuiBdbed.and Iba other oa Tffatobto dkl, far it wu 
fcoad ■Aorraid^ wbu tba TfOBdinun wora tught tha o» of 
MiUlk), tbey Tan torn •eqnind Torj (leit addiUoail 
Annca. Tbera&toUiioftb*Dt»«tlBpo>taaea,ifwaBlih 
to uiotito lh« aUain of onr eaaat?, it vo vfib oar tUimt 
Bid lulon ibaald djiht onr btitlia veil IM n>, it wo wtob oar 
vtiBuiboiild patfBra a propn aauaal of wotk— it ii of tbt 
iIhM iapoftaaea tkitan abonduaa ofuhoalfbod akoold bo 
Bippliad for tknr bm. If thit It tba euo. thn It mut ha 
ft NIT giaat impoitaBce to Hconala aosMhiDg Hka Ika pre- 
pRtBula uiooat of ngatoble food that it rtqnirad to Bike 
t gina qnntitT of inifflil food— to aicartaia, it wi eas, bj 
>iKtial nnpia, ko* htet thoto nrloni foodi an b« com- 
biulMprndnea tbegreaMt aftetoa tbaulinal <riib Iba 
taw affget opon tba fortat. la tnotbig of in^ loot, it [• 
IMnll) diridad bj chemiata ioto two ot thm what at) bi 
oM praiBaM prinsiplea— Ihit U, the lut aoabinilion 
■kick Ua diSrreal akmcnti auame baforo soBbiaiaR io the 
faaotfaod. Eieh of thoa pniinitopriDdplea tboBailtoa 
Bigkl to capablt of tapmtion by uulfni into a asBbar of 
Mtai; thCTEfora wbea *o ate tkii term wa ipplj il to tlie 
(OTB tba tnbatwuaa aiiiLBt iBuedlitalT befora nalpt to 
lind. Itii<rallkiia>D thatloTtgaUblafiMidtbcrain thm 
> f«Br dilfcnnt prindplei. Tba oaa of th* gtutait <mp«t- 
ma, va aaj alaoit call it, la tba albDoiaoni put— thit 
■kick BIT baeoBi Bub or Dnida itvIE We limit oar tarn 
to Um o( iibamen tot tba take of aTOidlageonplieited dataili, 
aKhngk Ihara are niioat wordi, anch aa the eatdaa lad 
PKUaa eoBpooBdi aiad by obemiita, Io cipnaaibitpriBGipl* 
•ifxktakieksaBtecoatatMd lOM B«ih ud Buaalu Ibia. 
II dittrt boa ibe otbor alaaaato of food, bumneb ii It con- 
toiia DM pettiaalir piiidpto, osa partiaulir clenni, Ibil la, 
uUBtn. Wbertu Scab poiNtta oltragu In additiu to 
oAtB, krdrgftB. aod oxjim i Ikt, atireb, aagir, ud wtltbla 
StadooolpoaiaMtbiipaitlnilarud(aaeotiilrieBUI.Tkara- 
■•<* Ma il ollid Bitnganoa* food, and tba otbar la toUad 
tubnnienjBt loodl, or food tor toapintkiii, rigoi^Dg tbo prio- 
e^ atjict to which it it appb»l— «ba upportlog of tkt animl 
■oltrrt^nltoB, lad Iba power wkieb it poiatatet of (OtkioK 
III; it Btialr eoiuitti o( euboo. Tb«a we bate tb* tlboou- 



nAtBrtsiBet tbou alButo UiowdTai. ForlaMHM, 
baaMu«b,faB,ud tngMne paa pu iid of aaiboM, tajdi^ 
■■s,aBd tafgu) bat whiht aagir wiBtatoi 40 poi out tl 
0«b(iB,itairtcoBtatoi44para«t.udfit or <^ abMI 78 
or 80 Ht MOt of lUt loattUBaDt, baiat Bot oalr the mateiid 
ht p ii u fftog Iba totiaal haal, bat IbM wbioh au bo ao*. 
Timd iBto the Srt of Ik* bodf . Wo b«*« alto a dItftoMioa 
■adabya b fiiMafiogatabtoflkiai fat illkoogb tkii tc|»- 
tobli Ibio Bijp aoailw of the teiT aaiw aloMBM 1* IM, atorab. 
An, Ttt it to iaportut to dkHagnhk i^ Bat aolj kaaiaaa it 
•ontaloa tbaao ottanto iB diftcoBt propaittoBi, bnl atill am, 
bieaaae wekoow UagiaatarpartofngttaUo flbra la oat 
otinblt of aoatialUBg tba bodyi Ibo graatot pM of •agatoUa 
■too poarii* thnagb Ibo body withoat eulitoattoc oaitUa* 
to tto ooBfithaut. We bat* la addliiu le Uia the lab. M 
it wan kiowa toU If wo baro a uata af atnw ec tirii «• 
auoot bora tha whole i ahbamb the grwitt part will be «a»< 
nrtad into It* altaeBto ud lake Iba lara of guea, whloh 
ail with Ibe atoieipbete, yet tbaio it loae piit laBilaliia. 
ud that ta (Bllod tba atb, na pa taatoge ia Ttty taalL 
•boal2pareul.iii wbut,iBdaboot4or BptrNot. toaah* 
of dilarrat klo^ Bat altka^ tba quatUf «t tUt uh la 
•0 aaall. It ia ot ailtaao lapottaBaai iteMtataatothaaaitba 
igiMMi ansbar of bodie* thai tba ttfuk part whtaktona* 
the priadpal balk; aad il ia of iapttUBaa, laaunaA u It 
aakia Iha uniicaal fabrie* ot iba aalail ItttU; bau bttof 
faraed of the aah of pluta. Now It la Tary ialaailtolt 
rtu w« know haw lery *attod an Ibo p r opatltoao aad pai> 
ontagta of tbaaa ABknal elaautoto mloat toodi^ to ma 
tarn ud to keep to rtatakraiea tba diSbraot proptniea 
Ibtaa aleauta aty ladkridDaUy at ooUaellfely aniiaaa. Bat 
btbia aatattog apt* tbia potot, paikapa ft will ke *aU M 



Oriua bj wbiah the cAugei ia the food are ptodaatd, na 
aaiaalt *a are aaUad apoa tobtd an priDttaady aua, tbaap, 
and pjgt. Tbadigattlno>gnaof aaihaf toatoaaiiialaddbt 
Bitoriilly hoa aaab olbor. lodtad, tbtia it a anch gnaM* 
eotnapondaooa bttwiea tha duiattiTe orgau of the f% aad 
Ika biBu nbjaot tbao tbara It araa belwan tboae o( tha 
pig and tba abaap OT la. Tbaa li aat a Taiy giaal diflet- 
aaea to tka OMtoaleal eoHtmetioa of tt~ " ""~~ — ~ 
of Ibo oz ud tha abeep ; 

to tba tolcaliaaa. wbiah m.. 

importoaoB Id Iba •heaii thui to Iba ox. Io tk 
il of TMt powatu won a " 
Ikat ulaal 



11 ai of iaaiaad telitlte tlaa, and tk 



ulaal la euihta ot dlgetttog a gnatit pro 
lat ot wtlable tbra, aod ia oonalUatad to a< 
> tban Uia abatp oa ttraw aad eoarto hay. 



a oolUna of tba atoaidi ai the 



priiieipilty owiog to the tuuctb ud power ot Ika flftt •toaetfc. 

Oiherwlte tbara It BOTary gietldi" ' "■■ — 

Hr. >poooerthaaaxhiblt«dar — '"- 

■heap, ud CTpUtoed the vaftooi para mm tmm laiNuuHa wHiaa 
tbs; parfbrmad) ilto Boliriat tM paeoHit power poaattaad by 
the 01 ud abeep of brlactoff beak ito toed tor raatttiaidoil, 
iftar arbieh bapraotaded i I ihonld hateabNrred tbat, pc*- 
liooi to puaiog tolo Iba ttoiaaeh, the toed ia ndted wltk a 
liTgeqnutity sfMllia. leaeiedky tha dlftreolglaaddboU 
tba tkraal, which aot eoly lobtieitet tba firad and aiatolt Ito 
paiaaga dovowirda, bnl alto bu a Aoaiael aflwt. Thfi 
(Ifaot will be lllailrated 11 i piaea ot bmd ot bnenit to be^ 



biead uii wtU the food, taDdeiiag tba 

lolable, ud ooa""^~~ " ' — 

raadily opentad 



, ., , ._ by tba other orgut. Ibe eheaUeal 

aScel coatitto ebiely ia ditpladBg i per eaot. of Iba caiboa, 
tngai batog waaka by 4 pn cent, of aarboa thu etuah. 
Tna n> 
teilly b 

thing like ^- ,--, -- — - 

eaibtea tha uiaal baitily U take qoantWea of nadfnled 
food, ud (ftaiwirda euaett it iato noaria b aut, lU tiM 



loaaeta aay be oonridtrad to be antfM oi 
ulot. ud jnal ittat uteilwE tua toUeliaaa 
noat impoftaot ittntiM wfiiob the feed aaa 



■twitch, It il T<tT BBck like tha antruea of a w ddf 
Uto » MOB gtamlly ooeoptod by a throottto oat; tSi aat 
9 6 



tk« lot (M* th* ■•■««; I M laaMiBn tki ■■■BwjtfM wiU fM 
<ha nettty mtt Ik* biU, at tkt bill Ba} fU Um noMiy a**t 
Ik* pMne i«in— tb* OM *Ueb i( d«imi «t offle* tri« to «• 
akib tiu Mbw, and Hnu tboM WMMshi wr>U( •! nwtiB( 
lf*J«to do tola a«Buqatne»«ft>idi«tinb»ne»M«iid bftka 
Uk. It It uidi^A pbc*lMWM]PtUag,>ud»NTthi*ciniu 
M (or uofMrie jriM ii tk* lUnaok, *od tM phoi 



THE FARUER'8 MAGAZINE. 

tU) la « ■iliiMilj kud fat it I) daert !■*«•■ 
tob«di|«>tad. [Hr.8p«iMrhMkudtd nudMM 
nm rftM looMtWa from Ataiudiii, udiln ■■!!■ 



■ bilaiitb-iBtn 



biUiialkilbu. 

mWt h«Uie par. . .. _ _ .__ _ _._ 

W tU* «u to UiBBlala tke tauatiaal. It wai Md at tbU 
!!■• tbit iL Ihi Miuiihaaat al (ba body vaa lalua np ia (k« 
totm ol ahjUt ■ ailkj laid, takaa troa th* iowMuM, lud 
•ooTapd to thii ait«UI ifMaB ; but it pouUd ueb pbyn- 




OB, ji* «» pnodH •" 
aut (or tbe bod;, aad nctartT It Uto iba ajdam, (or it .. 
IWDd that MW-Mnhthi ot tbobili ii noaritkiMat that wten 
into tba bod; ilwU. No* lb* Marcb, tb* gam, aid tba lagti 
•ra tba piodplaa oawk^ad in praridiBi tM aaiai of mpiia- 
Ho^acraUwcfM tba (gpiHftottbaioiinal boat Tbactatar 
put ot tba '-' ' ' — ' '- ■■- -^ =— ' "- 

■idenblj b^ 




tbii, u bj uking a nrlaio qaaatltj ot oU (hcj doobla tit 
— out ol rial tkal would boaSordad bf aa aqoil qainti'jrof 
I, and aafir, vhieb diBu oolf in a ilight dcfrea, aU 
>l eaiboo, bjdngcn, tod OTjfta, bat no DiCrocan. 
~ ' I in addition to tha othai ale- 
tad Iharaton it it tha ilbuminOBi 
Mnort inportant; baeuut, abila 
mimali u niit tet aosa laagth of 
m talk alma, fat inUoea, taiaifoiou a^aalt, It ia iat- 



Uot food vhieb « 



a no Bit 



Ittofai, etB eoi 
Ithaibaaaaa 



Biaaana lib for ta; loogth of 

by pb^wlofiMi that aaiiaila mp^td •ith_k|teat_qaaatiqp 



of that malarial vhich nakeo ap lot tba viataof tba 
•fMaai, tha albuaiaoua put doaa aetuaUf ooaWia to i latf* 
■itaat that which iriU Dttm the heal of tha bodf la iralL 
I baeauM it aipplia tbt iraata of 



Thnd 



I kindi d( [ood, ve aliall Had great diffttaoaa ia'tba 
I ptopartiaa of aoaia ai comparad vitb othata. 
Baaaa contain naarlf oaa^aartb, or Ii per eaat , of atbooiinoiia 
mttlar, whilal vbaat eoolaina only 11 parcanUi bal Ihii ia 
aaffiawBtfor oai aptaai. Baauwaconld BDttadura.althangb 
tbay blTa aboat doable tba poira of tappljioi tba vaata of 



t 3* pi 



thitbtal 



t 18 pi 



Ills pi 



««at.i malMiOr Iafiaaaoin,li pat cant. ; iimaedokeiboiit 
MpartaM.: md lapa aaka laOar man, abaat tSpaioMit.; 
vhOat £naaad itaaU oMuna ail; SO pat oenL Thia wiU ba 
iradibr udatatood, bt ia tba proeaaa of makiof eaka oaa- 
feuttli ot tba l i i aaa ^ being oil ii piinaad sat, and wboo Ibia ia 
tikak awiT of Moiaa Ua ptopactioo nl tba olboiaiaou part 
|taai«r ia that vhidb ia Mt. LoenU 
pa-otalM Ml«b>n8ptc 
■gar, wUah oosaanla for tbaji 
noldaa ia tba baaa 



il la not Tahud and doaa ao hm, tbit la bm of 
Tha daoortioiud ootlon sakt ia pait of a 
' B Uoekade. It ia almoat oatinfr 
'- iaoUaddecotticatad. Tba 




,_, . J oaad ai intl la drita tba 

_._. vbieb CTUdwa tba aake. Itiaabaat oo^ihitd dcaiw 
thao tha othaiaattoB oaks; Irat oa laftnoca ta an aaolTua it 
will ba (bond to aoatiia a coovdetabij' (nalat qsaatitj tt 
aittgniOBt aattai— aaulf 43 pat cant, aa eampaicd witb 
baaaa at 3S or 14 par oooL, aad lioaaad oaha al SO m 27 p« 
coat. Than, on the other baud, it coataioa ooto aodantdr 

ablo qoaatilr of oil. If ■■ torn now to tba othoi deaoipttaaa 
D[ nataiol loodi grown on ooi laima, ws lad that in eoaaa 






toaal 

iUio- 
it eoatuned «oabk 



. ^_.^ _. Iff iaradaoedia twadaadawa 

ta laoa tbta S par oast. (1 S), awedaa 1 J, aad taraipa 12 ; 
wbilat lbaataidi,gai«,lad angir, indodlng oil— that ia, tba 
caiboBBaaaui ultar— ta II pat CNt. Thaa 70a •ill aoa tbat 
the great dittinslion bctwoin loota aad Ibaa* caBaaaltata4 
fooda la tba gmt diapoportigB In tha loab-aaking ptspaatr 
of tha (ood ia tha oea otaa, aa eaiBpaiad witb tha catboaaeaan 
laattai, to what it ia ia tba othac. Wbilat in baaaa tba alM- 
aineai sattai ia aboat ooo-hiU what tba atai«fa, goa, aata^ 
and lat il, in aaagold it erataiaa onlj aoa-lllb, ta ftthar oaa- 
liilb— tbailbiuaiaoaaniatlatiaaalroDa-aiitbaa bbi* aa tha 
etrbonacaoiH atttor. Thai it ia that toota will aapport Ufa 
bi batlK tbia make fai In aaaj diatrieta tba; aia qnita 
iocapabla of patting oa fit, altbangb Vttj will pRoatfa oiiat- 
aoaaj In aUui diaitiota th«r at* mon aatiitiM if gifen in 
aafflckulqwntitiaai bat if wa lead «a roota ilooo, w* aut 
pre tbiaa or hm tiaoa tba qaaoliti af walor thai ia aaaai- 
aan; tbaictM* it ia br battat to gin a laa qaaalitf af nrato, 
aad aabttitate otbei aota nattitioaa di7 food. 
tlbBmiaoBi Ewd *a And tbat tb* atot^ goa, a 
baaaa ia4S pet cMt.) ia wbaat it ia G7, and thaa whaa 

K cant, riehat in ataich thaa baaaa and paaaoapnli 
lej SS par ouit., ot ilnoot aqnal ta wbatt : a oali 
Biaiie, 84 ; loeoal baana, SO. conaiatinc alatott aalir 
i^ai; tqacikOiiU; liaaaad. 20. Aaf tbaa w« ooaa 

or hi, which it a aiatt lapotual ptopanj, ' 

Bcabar tbat it wii autad Jiat now -■— " - 
lbs qoaotitjr of catbon to what tagu sDuiwaa, aaa bbbiv 
doable to what ilaieb eoataioa, Itunelota wa eaaaol ba an- 
priaad at ita baiag to teidilj oontattad into Iht. TboN waa aa 
eaparlaaat ralitad bjr Ht. lawoa aoua abort tiaa Haea, in 
wbiah bi* ottfaet wit ta itoerttin wbtt qoialitf ot fbod ia 
liCataat forai wsald prodiut ao audi laah aad lot, aad ha 
fbnad that it look about foor tiaaa the qnaotitj of dij eah- 
atanaa to aika an aqaal qoaalitT of fbod whoa ha >UM drj 
diafl algae to what it did whea be bod Maenltnt food, in iddi. 
tiontaeik* and earn; and b* (band the addilioai^buliT to 
tbata had a crtotar effiaet thai tha additioa of btiie. Bat 
when be ntad liaaaed oil ouiad with tb* beant, it wa* ftuad 
to bin 1 gtaalar ifact tbia eitker; md the ^ tbat wai 
Dtad bad t eoDtidmblj gmCar eSeet than wh«B doable the 
qaantitf of beana wve emplored, abowiai that tba •■•^-'i 
pined ihar a certain qoantil; ot nonritfaaaat ia thafota of 
oil, *hii^ ihui relieted th* a^tem of atn naitioni fbi ii 
wu eonratted with little tiouble into fit ittell. We lad tbaa 
tbit oata eontaia about S per eint. of oil or fit; miiM. 8 ptr 
sent.; npa eikt, II ; Unaeed cake, IE; whil* linatad itaaU 
eontalni U per Bent, ot 1^ Many ptrtoni iatgiaa that it 
la bettor and dwapai to uu eom in eoijaactiog with liiaaai 
than la air linaeod at otbei eaka. That wet no doaht ttva 
ooee, wban tbtn wai ao dibreaoa batwaan tha priat af tha 
aead iltalf and tha ake aide tnm tt, baeaiai bf ndag tboat 
ona-third tbeqoialiijTaanpplieduwa^ail with tha aaaa 
•aMont of oil aa nM Ad h* thru tliM* m maeh otka; bat 
whan liaioad iril ia few tLav thi plea of the oaka iliA tte 
aoi bdnt npwuda of iSM a tOB and tka atba tbtat £10,}bii 



THE FABHER'S MAOAZINE. 



SI 



■ill MidBiT «■» haw it fa iapowibli, with thi pwiit apftl- 
titB in tnit. Out aaoriduMDt em b* tffordtd ia itia form of 
UuHd *( (ajLhing liki m pnpcniMHM •qoiidtat nti. Tbni 
UuMd i> aboat SO w cut. deuac tbu cats ; ind th< BSict 
K ail baing aold wall ii ta biiaf dova Iha piioe of ctiw. W« 
km aait m ihi liri T(tt*tabla Ibre, which in baiw ii 10 par 
«l.;paa(,]0; w1icil,12; bulej, ISj oata ao laa thaa 20 ; 
SiMad cakm, 14; UoMad, 10; awtdaa aimi\j t ; ud tarnipa 
Kmtwimm man thta S per cant. Tliai* bai btco Mmt eon- 
■daiMt doabt wbethar Tagatabla flbn mut b« oouidtrad m 
oumlj diTtid of DulriBiaat or not. Tba Una ehaniita gira 
to ngiubh Sbra ia tttUlair. Than bad rtcntli bcaa cip«- 
Dwaa tBida, which aawi miiht ban aam is tba ^^riniliiral 
Ou(<t(, wbn ■ oarUia qnuut; ol rood ww utlyaad and Iba 
fianuiT of tagaUbla llbre aacatUintd, ud tben tht aieia- 
nni ■■• Buljaad likawii^ ud il bu bxa Fouod thai thar* 
ka aol bata UTIhiag nau n mooh ngMabla libra in (b< 
•unwBt la ia Ite load, plualy ahoviog tbat a caiUiD poi- 
INB ia lakw np ia the tr>tsni. Mtaj ioiigiDe thia to ba Iba 
OMiiMiit poiota atrikiaglf 10 Iha thj gnat impoitaDec, if 
Riatwd to pnaarra any poilion of ilnv mi roddtr, of cul- 
tiag it ia u jooog and gnta a itate u poitiblc, beuuK ahts 
n^tibla flbn ia in ■ auu of etUaiou it ia oneb mora di- 
publ^ ud eooUina a moch imter qiuntily of digeitibia 
auic than aftar brug eipoaad to Iba blaaebiog cSacl of lao 

lauiai — oata piiticalai];, tba ttn* being alinoil alwaya uaad 
faiMdwg pupoaea — at jodog at poaiibli, baciuMil a cailaia 
qaiiiiitfoloita nnaia after Itinuhiag, it oaly tdda la tba in- 
oiiitd nulrineot of Iba iiraw. Wo te*a tbni glancad at tbt 

uBbwofotbar cxpmiaraia ealcalaiad to abow tba aDOaot 
•I food nqnirod to prodom a gitoa a&tet, ;at lima will not 
|WMt nfetao* to tben, and «■ aotl Mnltat oanelrsa aitb 
■ lawiufT tl tha wbol*. Il haa bttn lonod Una that it tihu 
NMliiiig lika ISO Iba. at tunipa to vkc 1 lb. of matlon, it 
U In tba opn air, bit wbea booaad in abodi ladgr faroai- 
■Uaeowiilion 100 Iba; hare issoMdad ia nnking Iba aama 
faiatural nirttOD ; tbndon 1001ba.ind ISO Iba. Bay ba 
■aaaidind ttao iitrcBca. I do not iMii to ity tbiC in all 
MH lllOlba. girm Id abadi will prodoaa the timg eSoct at 
1101b(.gi«a>oatwtdoon,b«MDMtoia«iiaaiihoaagiTao oat 
rf doon will prodBCaibotieiofliNt thai tba otbiti; but il i> 
■dl knon (hat ia ■ nioaaatiao of foil ar Ufa wat daja tha 
BBwtla Bati littli or ao inoiaaifci Tola pioporlion of IDOLba. 
alrana to lib. of antton ia derived fiom a onnbti of oipati- 
aoti wada by diSucnC pcopl*, and ia aa oeai Iba (act la we 

Alt H tba talne of a giren qaaoiil; of roota, ani what rtall j 
B Uaii feeding Talne i ibat yen may pat wbit you Ilk* *> the 
)na of ■auoa, dd., 7d.. or Sd. per pound, and il il takci 
UOIba,olnMti to mate lib. of muitoii, it will rcqaiie aoua- 
tUglikaoDOtoaoralitUgknloiukoIllbt. It baa btea 



M batter than the ox. Sbaep, it ftd oo nBlHtiona food, will 
■ate IJ per east, in lire wsigbt, wbiUt ia tba oi oat more 
tkan 1 par cent, ia made. In Iba pig a much frtaUr imoiinl 
•( bad ia MiMd into fleih lad fal ; bnt than there it tbii 
hwbwk, that wa an obligad to keep the pig on munh mart 
■•(■wee diet, and it bringi the ruull perbipi pretty 



to 100 Iba. of Bnll 



in haai lb 



Ika at twadM ; and lioaeed waa foond aot to pretcnt eo; 
>»e adiaalagaa thai cab*. Ia a Uial betwaea biilcf ani 
hMtitwaafawadtbat 1 tli. ot bailcj had aa aach effect oi 
Aa aaiwd H 1 lb. of baaae ; bat tben, ae aa bat* ualieed, bar 
by eoataiaa a eonildcrably laae qiantity of nitiafiea, a l*a 
^■ti^ •( MtissaDaiu wailari uidaltboaith itproTcd 

■iimla(lb*aataBl.nt^ .--....--.. . -i. 

MilM is th* albaaianu 



iBoailyalltb 



"M. IlieTtry 

■e waek auboaaCMMa mmm can M Omtgt 

» Meb albaaiooai foed,Btill it woald 

i" the ailniMooae, baeaa** (b* manan woald be not a raiu- 

■Ue. K bairig r>char in aaaooia, wbicb giiaa lb* high TilDa 

■•lavaaadather laBMna tar thteoia crop*. In Ibat* ea- 

IMwaala it we* *oaght to auotain thi quantity at food re- 

TM by THioM kiaaa of thMp, but thii mi(bt vary Hoaid- 



qaired loe 



ing to Ih* diCennt oieamtl 

It wat found then Uat the Cotiwolda raqaired leaat, oi 
Lncctten, iKit a eroee-brod, ncit to then war* the Haap- 
ebire downe, and than tba Biuaci downt, which nqnirad Iha 

KaaUr qneniiiy of Ibod. The Cotew^e leqnired 803 Ibe. «f 
T tnbalann to make 1 DO Iba. ot Saab, and tht Bnteei dowma 
877 Ibi., but the litl wet the mora ealuaUe per paoad. The** 
eiperimiDle ahowed tbtt it wae Toy MaeBiial that aiinila 
ahonld bare a ecttaia portion ot food of nriooe kinde, bit !■• 
atanch ae note oooiitt aa largely ot oubanaeeoa* aatler aid 
BO litile of oitragaioae mettar, it it bittat M mike np tbla hj 
cake, BBlaea grain an b* got Bl DDoh let* axpeDea. WhUit 
LioBtad eaka produced a gttalat effect than peae ot btaitt — 
Ihat it to eey 6 Ibi. of cake prodnerd eoneiluBg Uka tba aBeet 
of 7 lb«, of huge OT poll, yet tn* aiiture of linaaad cike aad 
baioe in the winter, or lineeed cahe and peat in tbe (lamer, 
produced a coaiiderably greaier effect on iha feeding pn^ 
pertiet than eilhei when one at the olhtr waa giten Kparately, 

which joa btT* lialeoed to my tomtwbal deiullory obaarri' 
liODi; bat aoy ooiitaioai will doobileae be anpplud by tb* 

wa Biy be able to glean eiiU tuitbar informatioa on thit in- 
porlenl tubjecl. (Appleuae.) 

The Cbaiimbh Blinded to the tact that tbare appeared to 
ba ntj little diSetaaca betweaB tbe hading ijnttiliai ol lua 
cake and liniced cake, thooih tbe aDifflala did not like Iba 
tat, and ba aeked whether the maniifeetniar M»M lot lad 
uieething to niz with it in order ta meh* it more palataUa^ 
aeeing thai il wet cheaper ? 



nesofaclnred tur Ibe aake of ibe oil, It would not do to all 
aoytblog with it tbao j bat aftor il waa mi^ed Ibey aigbt 

add meal toil, or impnie it> ttete with tbe locwt beane. 

Ur. Habkb adduced an illueti 
giiing bit diirf ilock repe cake in 

hnltar in hie life ae when he gar* bia oovt rape cake. Dnnng 
tba (UDDer, howarer, be gaTo Ibem eaai linetad cake, and 
whan they called nett year and be tried Ibea again wilb 
rape cake Ibay woald oot touch it. Ha quite agratd ibal tha 
beet way to uta it tor fittioK baaate waa to ait il wllh uy 
kind of aeel ibey might be feeding upon, end he geae- 
telly added a few graia* to ai to moiiten it, by which 
aeaai they conld no doabi gat Iniaale to eat it. Aj M 
feeding theap in the boute and out of door^ a great deal 
depended apon the lUte th* inmipa were in, ealbota pulled 

long before uiing loti coneidertbly in veighl. ' " — ' 

weather iheep did beat properly boated, bnt i 
wetther tbey did botltr out ot doora. At to inuiui, >• 
Ihouiibt thit it Ih*y could buy bunt at £9 a Imi, and cake 
al£l2* too, tba beam oire the cbcipest ; bat it tbe prieaa 
■ere ebont equal he would prt(<i tbe cake. If tbey mixed 
aeel and cake no doubt it waa bat. Shoold Ibey think of 
feeding on rap* cake tbey Dioit pal Ibe beetti upon it 



onrnble 



M flock no doubt I 



and b* promiud atiet 

Mr. 8poom», iu reiertnca hj ina 

lagea of aiing hetD* or cake. eUKd 

' by Mr. Tanner, ot Biralagkaa, 



- queition ol tha adns- 
ihel in aa eiperinant 
, il waa (bown that it ' 
81b*. ot beana to make a> much mrat at from Siba. 
to 6 Iba. ol cake ; bnt when aized Ibey piodocad tbe belt 
itiult. 

Mr. RiADin gBTeaD iaitanca ot tba eocwet with whieb 
he nad naed lepg cake a few yetrt ago (oi Falling baa-la. It 
vte ot a browolth detrriptioo, and be afterward! bcnchi tema 
ot the beit airiaan green eaka at a higher pricr, but the 
itock would not touch it. He agreed wiin Ur, Spooner thai 
tb* differraEC wat owing to tbe formtr htiing barn kept 
longei, by which it loat much of ite biii*roeei ai Will ae Ite 
colour. He al*a found that eheep profcrred ittte lineeed etta 
■o long at il wae not faUj. aa w*i ittiilad ikat if thry 
could nt rapa eaka paUtable to tb* etock it aai ufilj U 
good 1* liMBd nk*. Tba pMt o^jaelion io^slnii it to 



Google 



Awp WH th«t «UI« (OM nhiHa otkm ita too Bseh, wUdi 
tnwcht on th* moui ; b«l vltb burti th*; ooold nuBtis to 
|3>e it to thua Mpantil*, w that (hi eu ihoald not CMt tb» 
otlier'i rood. 

Hr, Chimam S&DHBiu nid ho btd boan iatMHod b; 
■nn pnetiol nu thit bfl bid ftwDd old •Ire* bottor lor 
fttdaf pnrpoiM tbu DeiTi h* did not inMUi old ltr>« 
tbiutwd om, bit M old rick m*\j thiubod. 

Tba Craiuian, befcn the ptoeudinp doiad. wu raiion 
lo pnpoH • Toto ol think* ta Hr. BpooDtt for bit kindiMu id 
randif lid firiiic thm ■ Icctnia on thi* lol^ict. It ippnnd 
to bin thit ii ooDndning tbi prapirtni o( fotdiu ttsSi, * 
■nt iupoitimt qoMtion tn tbaa >■• tbe piioi iid thi r^- 
tiro badujc qnilitMi, b(«HiM it tbi piMiat tin* Ihiir owii 
pcodiM* WM wlliDE U 1 nrr law rati. Tu bsit ail ain nt 
noHlluic liki £10 « £10 10>. i Cob, loil their bvt >h«l 
■ostihuw nndif Id. • poiiDd. Whnt it £10 ( lad voold 
bi 1 littll lowar f»t pound thiD oU dkc. Olhn jirus foUoirad 
■ocordiDi to thi prict of ithMt i ind thi qwtion (or tcneul- 
tuiiti to eoBiidir «*• which vu Ikt chMpoit sod would 
uiwar belt. Thty aiut ikioIIoM thit in mioic thai low- 
pndd whnti, &c, which wtn it pnuot i dia)[ in thi nirkat, 
tbif wonld be knpinK mou; in the noaBtir iiiil«d al Hnd- 
ing nit CMb to tbe (onifBcr. In eowliuioii hi propoied • 
TOM ol tbuke to Hi. Bpooaa. 

111. T. H. Sauhdkii baned to ■aoond the piopditiMi, 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 

It. irtb«7|i 



, . jafectiog the . _ . ._ 

■tiaw jird, ineliad of K"iii( itnw ilona. Than wm inrj- 



Mthia 



M be cOBiidM^ilT worn thaa tbe ititir itmU. 

7 iddMl thi ehnpot lona of eiki, np* otki, tb« 
Itnw wi< not onlj amnrtid into lunnn, bat n poitisa of 
tha oitfogoioiii put! of tiw nka kho wont to nihi it boh 
nlmUi. &itotboobMmHoaa«fMi.Buadan,btobHmd 
that ibnp did not nlTei &m ootd m Bocb h omb, bat th^ 
•ofend mon fro« wit. If U7 portibli il 



ry grut doaiden 



n had aSlai ittentioD lo « 



wMlhar it ••old bo 
with raxard to old il 
ot ice wh| it il 
beooM tbe ailici pntictod it, bat whj It d 
be lould not Uf.DDlcM time ' ' ~ ~~ ~~ 
moro difaUblr. Th* chair 

fact that Bogllih oom prodno- .._ , . 

■hila caka,irhieh mij beconaidiRd pfioeipallr t 'ontgn pm- 
duetion, mainUincd iu ptlea. Now if tha piiet of wheal no 
low. thars wh aamathiBf BOBfCrUbli in tba tact that tbir 
ware the eanie of it, tha; hnrini gniwii aa aneh tilt thw 
(BaldBst«pecttO|MaCT«t pritoforit. But b* thoogbl it 
remained 10 bi pnnd wMbar wheat at tb* pmrat prieo wn 
II ehoap li oaki ; bi bilinid not. natcnio ladtbieooiiB 
hbdi ot wbtat einld bi aid would bi nMd for foading pv^ 
poMi bi hid DO doobt I bit thn cipiriBiota had ahowo that 
a bMt« raaolt wonld be oblainad if aiing liaaMd eik* witt 
tbiB, iBditeoaldaUobaiuadprolMhtrwithoat. After a IW 
atb« ohMintiMi Hr. Bpooair nid tbia waa a inbjMt wVA 
ooght to b* wrarf jeai takai up bj fimen' elnhi, lor it wu 
■Inoat impoaibli to cihanit it : and than wai that hafpf 
naion of pnotiei and Mi* DCi which wm iiira lo iatinrt tM 
larDBri na well ai Ihi pohlie at luga. 
Tha formal pnoidiagi o( thi ennlng tbna elond. 



FARM BUILDINGS. 



UECOLNICAL fOKCnOH 01 BUILDINQ3. 



Taim bnildinga 
fUDCIbn, thaielDra, ii ■ micni 
of the fann-honM b irtiich t 
taga oocupitd br tiie herdi 
abipbtrd, ind of tha ow-hauH aoa 
■tonlwuH, and fnotrj. Eacb majr 



th« ploughmaii, or thi 



Bconomj ol tin farm ^ but whatarer 
a; Da, » il in etianctar machanical. and fan, 
kiodiad nlition to " ' ' ' 
Gart, plough, or oth 
ilOl naanr relation to roadi, 
which hai iti own moclianical (uuctioa to pirfsrD. 

TbiM ifo tundalDiDtal data iiTolTiug Tiry inpi^tuit doo- 
tmM in farm piwitiee. Tncr deiilj tewih, id thi flnt 
ptasi, rtat il now gMirallf idmittad and acted opoo bj 



UtaUigint agriealtoriiti, tii., that fari 



nod, thn han ■ fnoMiOB to pirfoii 
■HMd with ihilud, and befoia nel 



irloioi that il inaapacabl; eoa- 
. 1 neb eaa bi pertained in Ibi 

J. thij (Ibi fum-bnildingt) mnil 

oecupf a eonun poiition apon tbe farm, Shortaigtaled (we 
bad alaeit Hid HlBih) tooaoaiita, who hiro get hiti of lind 
aboat thi rilligik bandit, or conutij iowd, mtj adiociti, u 
we h«e oCm htaid tbes do, 'fm tradi in l^mti," ai ther 
TinntiBgljr all it i hot laeh adrooacT umplj amonnti lo Ibii : 

•^ n.-=-j- --It, beat Ihi 'big-oni' in building 

I iboull IDppI; laigi Duea wilb 



That " 



. Webi.-,- 

ttao amtn pisaniioj laiidi n nnmt in th 



Booona WKO angnea ai aa ont ei oata. Tl 
no donbt, iiouaJlf uHkinit, iJcrliar in 
Ihn eu oom a ihapdHi atik or eonm o 
■ndaartu, aid lenw oototpoor peiqdi 
nonej ipraitid, it ii prool practied, in the 



dtucaCT of fiea 

lod fallacio 

ontefdati. Their pbiloiophj ._ 

' " 'i one aeoaej lor if 

of land with bricti 

inlenit (or their 



- -, re right; and, ao ioag u the eottigia thna inetid an 
new, asd lo long ai tha targe landownm do not mpplj Iheli 
laraa with Um nqiiMte amoont tt baUdiagi wUA iti aa- 
ehaainl laqaimMBti pnlMiionaOj dinand, ohailtr ba 



•oDMthiag to aay ia (Itooi of tbi hocIoko* at wbkh 
imall Itodownan thm pnaalnnl; antn; bat the boo* 
both ildea of Ihi qnuttao ire ptactimir o i a min od In dola 
thiont4f.tbi-wvbol»OBd.corBeiiTataa- -' — '•"-- 
in kamttt " i* oet 01I7 bUaooni, bnl at 
nrii to tAt cemtlrt, a* we ihall ihow in < 
Tkt Paaptr Of^m mdiu- Kaobritf;" for tho aiMallid 
free trwie in the Tillage pnotfaallr uana uo tnda at aU npia 
tha lam. 

In the aacoid pUea, hoaaaa batig miohaDinl In Ihia 
hnction, it iiBuilMt that bofon ther will partboliDdownv 
lor thar enMion. th^ Ban fint bo pnperi} aitoated, and tha 
•neeeiihllj oe«o^. Bipcriinei, for ennple, tn latainaa 
to tbe foiaer, hna giion a noireiwllr eoncnmat mart to 
tbe general eooelaeioB that whaNiwr raadt and nbdinamN 
will admit, the bomeataad ahoold be OMtnUr Utaatad. I* 
Iba Bolnmni of the Mark Imu ^tprtu il wonld be mpv- 
llDoui to adranca tba pnetieal diliili upon whi<A thia imilii- 
■ion ia fsnndid, ni Ita tnden moit bi fimiliu with Ibaa. 
Now, iiaetlj thi aani eeooomioal raleappliM to tho aoltano 
of the labonran npoa tbe hm, na la Iht raideMa of M 
lannei bioaeir, or to tha thT*ahiag.biro and tba atabU. n* 
old cnckoo-iMg ot an; oat-of-the-wa; nook Oi oona ol bad 
fat a cottaga ii aomotUng wona than itale ; for it itinba l» 
loleraotir, in the teath ol half thi ' "^' — "^ — ■- 

wiilen who an Jl 
economf with Aowml , 
jonruali. In point a fact thenonght 
Dooka and eoratn ipon hj turn, npoa wmei t 
tagei) (01 ill fiddiahonld be aqnand oil for 
huibandiy; and, If ^ii haa hitherto bMH tbi iwa wu— 
bone-enllnra, ai nnqneatlunabl; It haa, it nqoina lo ba Mt 
more gananllf attended to, and earned oat Into praMith^ 
aodu itaain«iltnn. It eonioqnatlj loUowl that if tMnoakl 
ind eomiN that abound la mnj plaeea an corBtd wlA 
eotUgn and gaidaaa, thej will ataad in Ibe waj of lb* 
•tiaightealog of tneei, readlk rlrsN.ftc^ aoailoiihetB 
sen eeouninl nbdiriiioa of land 00 thi nataagalai frtaii- 
pie pnetinll; adapted (or OMaoadcal it mm enHintiM. 
Tbom, thKiilait, who Ihoa adrocala bniUing npo> chmh 
laaindoiaf tba 11017 of tbtbttidleikHac tha UW; hMM 



juit now diiciMias agiiooltonl t 
wing pailn IbaeilnBaiot tba pi 
ut <f fact then onght to h« no oat-ol-tl 



THE PARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



OtnmUj (pukiiig, Uia honwUtd, looardine to Itas 
■bon daU, *boald ba uatimllj litiutid, ths fuTD-hooia 
and iwUagn bdng kdjtoent. In pruUoa tiiii U doobtleu 
Um ■xeeption m jat, Uw hamutud being mgrs freqainllj 
p l iaad iisar ■mne ontiideoreorntrthaniDtampluiiicewith 
ttaa abort rale. Again, wilb bat Taw sum to iba cootrarj, 
tk* bnn hoDM ia adjieanc to the ilaadiDg, bat the cottaaH 
ai*, OD tbo eoatnrf. mon comDoDlj al a diitance. Bat 
in all thoae daTJatuoa (ram tba rola, tha loaa of Urns, in- 
aanTeniCBCe, and otberaamlflMaaraaaiordinBlf. We hen 
^«ak from a loi^ and aocceaafal aipariaaoe in tbe maaage- 
m«ot of aemnti, hanog alwaja fonad tha naarer the cot- 
tagea vera to tha homeaiead the bettar, for lira reaiani ; 
tor in the flnt place tha mea vers nearer to their work, 
bving alwaja within call; nhile, ia tha lecoad plice, Ihiir 
funitie* raqoiRd mnah leaa lookiDg sfler thut wban at a 
diataoee, tba children being mora eaailf trained to hibila 
ofelaanlinaaa, dooiliC;. genera] pmpriet; ol demeanoDr and 
raapaet to the anthoritj of their parenta and mailera irhen 
Uuj entsraJ lata lerTice. Moob dependi upon the coa- 
dost of the parenta and that of tha far-nee and bis family, 
tonics that will be disoassed nnder lubgeqnent headi, tiz., 
The qnalificationa netesaarj to make the firm hooie and 
eoltaRea par intamat on the capital inreated JD their eiec- 
tloa; and Panperiam. Oar preasnt toplo la, Tha podlion of 
tha hoQiattaad and other bBildingaj and on thii point tba 
rala ia DUuifbaU)) i> ahora. 

Tha rodootioD of the rala to praotioe, liowaTer, ii at the 
praaao t time bj no maaiia a ^mpla aiUr. Thla aiiiea from 
the triamphi of iteam io railwa; looomotioa ; in thi cnlti- 
Tation of laod ; and in tramway and common rotd traffic ; 
and from Uw alteraliDniin tbaanb-diriaian of land, to which 
■aeh adTBncaa Brefut giiingiiae. It ia aaeair matter for 
philantbn^ wrileia to make hill and Tallejr re-esho Ifaa 
ateaainga to be derired from new homeateida, ftnuJiDaaea, 
aad eottagaa in ovarflawing abondanoa ; bat not ao aaaj 
a matter for Ibndgwnan to comply with tba pTogtaadre 
laqairamenta at present deminded b; the rapid profraaa of 
Mcam Id its aeieral bearioga upon praotical agriculture, 
and Ibe reacarcea of their eitatea generallj. On tha other 
band, that la no valid reiaua wbj Ibe; ihuald da nothing 
al all; (or they may rely that if they remain insctiTC the 
alaam bora* nil continoe Io go-a-hsad at the galiap. and 
aoon laara tham in the Imteb, farthir and farUier betiind 
thaa araii o» in tbe langaage of Ifae old prorerh, "Once in 
tba rear alwayt babiad," oi, " II yon ODOa let your hona 
(ataUB hunt, of eonne) jamp tram andar yon. yon won't 
frt into the aaddle i«ain," (i. c. 3oolcb} " O'ac the [ail and 

With r^Bid to the atyle of the farm-faoaae and ecttagea 
more regard reqntrea to b« paid to dacability and inlerail 
BaeftihiBaa, ae the fanetloaa they hara to perform, than 
omameat. OeneiaUy apeaUng, aittiag apartmenta and 
bodnMEoa an by br too amall, while anamiUy too much 
b aamflntit to upaannoaa. In the former reapsct Ibera 
abootd be no diffiirena* between the eize of the bedraomB 
and aiUlDg foomi of the large farm, the small hoi Jiii(, and 
the cottage Ifaoyihing the h ' ' ' 
the largeat aitting-room and bedi 



.L Ifth . 

miadad laaa, hi) ■yalem, from the greater amoaat of anxiai j 
iDd mania] aaaroiaa eiperieneei), may atiliae more aliment, 
and gJTa olT a 'arger amoont of refate, r«apir«iDty and a: 
seiixy matter, thin the body of any libgarei- in his empio 
meat; aO that, praciieally epeaktag, eqnality may be coi 
ilderedthe role aa Io the phytblofical reqainments oft) 
haman body Dpon fMa apace. Ia lUnttratlon of this, whi 
lor eiampl^ can be mora onworthy of the preaent age thi 
thadimaulomof Ihaeott^ftac whlah a f rise of £95 
iow olUnt in tha Joomal of tha Sodaty of Arts, at a eo 
of £llX)( a ootiiiga la which tha principal family bedroom 
li Doiy 10 X 10 " S 1 In this CDaSned apace with a Boor 
of M)Iy 10 I anperficial feet, ani S feeL from the eeilini, we 
lire to Biamme the phjiiologiaal position of I^ahsrd- 
WMling man, bia wife aaj with one cMld at her brsaat. and 
Mbn ia B eilb or ' dtake^lowa* at the bedalda, all ai- 



haling protoaaly not only from tba UiDgi, bat arary pora of 
the body. The fra« apioe fin eaoh ia thns G k G n 8, oi 
300 BnUe fbel 1 1 In abort, tha bedroom ia too small by 
mehalf. It ii avan too small for the hant 
bimtelf wars he namanied. aalaas the dooi 
left open orer-night Where the ootlager'a 
OKU bedroom adjoins, and la entered from the littingroom 
^y mains of a folding or sliding door, the plan eoonomisea 
loth spaoe and firing, aa the door ean be left open la the 
inmmer Uma after the bedroom window ia ahat at night ; 
rhile in tha winter aoaicn tba open door leading into the 
■Ittiog room keepa the bedroom oomfbttable, and thoa ren- 
ders a flie in it tumceeataryia oold damp weather. Tha 
imber of bedrooms in the prize coltsge, ns., three, iaalao 
■afflideni for tbe domestic and aocial raqniraments of a 
Isi^e fsmlly. But iolo details of this kmd car present 
limits will not permit ns to enter. Sntfico it to say, in tbe 
mesDtima, on this head, that money spent in boildiag anch 
mull eoitigea of thia kind, ai the aboie, ii capital thrown 
iwiy on the panny-wiaa and pouBd-foolisb principle (if 
mnciple it can ba called) ; aad this applies equally to 
farm-bonaea. And more than this ; for landowners sbonld 
always bear in mind when baildin)] a new fsrm-lionae or a 
cottage, that it is not the style and reqairements of to-day 
lor which they are making providoa, bnt for those of to- 
morrow, and therefore a large msrginal allowance sboold 
ba made at preaant fin the progrea^ra adiauoamaot and 
demand* of steam-going limas. 

The style and dimanaions of the homeatead lor the bo> 
commodstion ofcalUe, in., are of a kindred character srith 
those of the fsrm-liotise and cottages, Thos fsrinere ara 

them. Ditto ditto may be appended to the reqnirementa 
of sheep pens and piggeries. Horses ara rather geiiiag 
oat of fiibion ; bnt, on the other hand, Ihi ttcam haru 
rsqnirea hooie-room, A more eiteodei aoqasintance with 
tha phydoioayofoar cattle ia plainly Ceachiag as that, like 
anrtalTes snd lib 



id libonrei^ they al 



require larger bi 

lepaat arc sbso- 
d&rtheieqnire- 



qnaiili ol 
thesBcases tlicbook-rulei 
lately gruwnthrBadliara Bad wholly acsnited&i 
metits of the fatnre. 

We now oome to the solation of tha slI.engruBsing qae» 
tiaa—WiU it pag t To boild soitable farmhoaua, hams- 
ateada, and oottajtee, forthepmgceiaiTereqairemeDts of the 
Bge, iniolvei a large iDTealment of laailowucr's capital. A 
TBry short eiooraion into any of the provioces moet laiisfy 
eierj intcUigant prictioal igricnltariai of the aoandness of 



imnrial tl 



It hypitl 



problem. Briok-anJ-mortar farmmg di 

linJowners. We oace beard a ibrewd. iotelligeai Soutila 
laird, who firmed largeli anJ iDccaiaroUy himielr, denoance 
the bailding Inda aa " w.>rae than any of ihe Ten Plagnea. 
ol Egypt ;" and oertalnly tbeir miiime, generilly spaaUug, 
ere not maob in fiioar of the Uadlotd's pookei, so as to 
mike firm boildingt pay interest. In this in-- 
adisntage aot a very iliort'Sighted part, for 
taieit ia inseparably connected aith thai of iheiremployers, 
so that bolta should poll logeihar in desigoing and oreuting 
farm boild ings. 



I not psy 
Soutilah 



who take 



__ . ._ qoastion Will farm boildings p . 
niaiy ene, aa already aiatad, bat a professiooaL To a g.iod 
teiunt iDitible homes srs an inTiluabla adjonct tu tbe 
farm. With proper bouseholil acaoamaJation fur hii cattle 

goad hoasea also economise iha manial reioarces of the 
farm, and also redoea eipensea ia the slock depanmant; 
snd when tbeae are added together, the sum will enable the 
Ikrmir to giTS more rent thin he otlierwise liinaied oonld 
hare done, and yet remain a rery great gainer hinuall i 
and this diderenee of rent wdl be fonad lemuneraiing in. 
taraitonospltaljudicioasly ioTeited in the bo mea lead. Of 
tbe Bonadneas of this ooacloiioa landowners and tenanta 
are annQallybeeoming mare and mora aatided, ganerally 
speaking; aad tbereforc the latter shoidd qaalify them- 
selTcs aeeordlnglj. 
That part of the general qneaUoa Will colligM pay 



M 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



rcqain* ■ ipMi*! tiotioe tt the pr^wnc momrnt, wh«a w 
maahu bving uid aa tlui(ob)«ot of piapsriini udaoltige 
(HWDoiDj. In Ihis Mu th« pnodoal (olutiaD ie alio a pni- 
feuional one. Honeit, iadaitriom Ikboarcn u* well 
wortbir at nitxhie iunuebold McommoiUliari, nat free. 
Thajr irt the principal inotiTe-poirer apoa the rmrm, Ihkl 
which k«pi >ll tb> rnt of tha muhinaiy in aaUre opan- 
ttoo. And thcj ira not ani; k sp»»eB ot wackiDg atook, 
bat ■ '*/iii>iiIv" itpok liao; and tharcfoie the (UChrnJ, trnai- 
vorthT, and mduiicioiu catUoar, who r««n and tnina ap a 
riling family of lahanrcia like himaeK, to aapply nia 
■ 'U tttk. OP -■ 

■Dpplr bia piaca wkan hx is 
carried ttnja hii taik lo tha griva — anoh a man, wa repeat, 
ihanld lathei iMeira an addition lo bia wages than ba 



BialelaicttamoMSaiLiOjtaiiji rant fiir hia MiUft 
and giriaa. Mnab ia now being laid aboat eupportiog pas- 
pan. Thia ia certamlf a subject ptr ii, and tbcrafora wa 
ahall teiora lo it. Meaatima wa baTa onl; to obMire that 
rearing beallta; cotlagen npon th« farm ia tba very ntmwa 
ol the Tillage pauper ijilem, far we bare aaen manj acdTS, 
health; lalioDrera, who aapported themaelna to within k 
weak ot Ibeir dacaua. inJ who left plenty, after sappaTting 
tbemaetvei an Ibeir dealhb^da, to ooiar fuutral eipaaae*. 
Bat, on the conlrarj, bad and improtident cbaraoteia wiU 
make thelnTeatmeDtof oapital in cottigea a loaing conoeni, 
■nd iheref JTS aaeb moat be aicladed. ItiajaitUka pot- 
tini bad boiaea into a fine atable. The oaM ia a dear one, 
and sola the oonne which laadownera and their tananta 
•honld take — bntlJ good ooitagu, and on)j aloek them 
rent-free with good ooltagai*. 



THE BIRMINGHAM AND MIDLAND COUNTIES CATTLE AND 

POULTRY SHOW. 

mnd him ; Mr. Heatli'a next bnt «ai a hir udn] ui- 
mal, though a bad handler, and Lord ShreweboiVa third 
another one, with anything bat the firm nealthf Hereford 
toneh, or otlierwiM one of the beat of tht lot. A etccr 
from the Royal herd waa amall and pretty fbrwvd, hot 
mean behind ; and another from Wanbige, also aa plain M 
a pike-atafr to look on. The ; onnger ateen, howetrer, 
were a capital company, amongit which Mr. Fitt'a &Ta- 
rite, of wlucb 10 moch waa expected, oould get no U^er 
than aecond, being a little too mnch on the leg; Bid 
fairly beaten by Mr. Shirley, with > vety clerer rtni^t 
animal, Ml of good pointa, beginning with ■ fins bkiod- 
llke head, and noticeable as the Bawcott Mtmalow beaiti 
nanally are, and aa the highly commended one waa alio, for a 
famooicoat. Mr. Williuni' third pciie, a mottle-Eicc, alw 
diitingnishable for hia good hair, waa not ao itrong in hand, 
■nd with the further eet-off, a bad weak l»ek; while Mr. 
Draper had a very nice compaet iteer, and Mr. Stock 
another elemted from beyond the genend compliment paid 
to the claaB. But it waa not until the jndgea came to tha 
heiferc that tbey found the best of all the Herefhrdi, and 
this wu upparcat the moment Mr. WiUiam OrOTte' entif 
was led out. It is seldom, iudeed, that a grinds 
animal to meet baa erer been eeeu; with a beantifiil 
boaom, a Qne head and neck, deep, thiel^ and heari^ 
fleshed, short on the leg, and fine m llic bone, her tom£ 
WHS scarcely firm enough — a fact which mi^t be accwmted 
for from the heifer being evidently in milk. It waa not 
stated in the catalogue that she erer had a nlf, as this it 
immaterial, so long as the animals come within the pie- 
acribed age for heifsra, tboogb b discuinon OTcr the point 
was occaaionally attempted. Mr. Bettridge's Mcond wu 
very lerel and pretty, if without tke enbitance of her 
rival, but with a better answer to the hand— a Kcmnmal' 
dation that the third prize, again, was tadly deficient is. 
Indeed, whether from the long anmniet and no winter, 
or some otbei cause dependent on breeding or feedii^, 
the Herefords failed chiefly in the matter of that firm, 
healthy and wealthy loach, for which they have been to 



that urnnaUy called for Bingley HaU. With a thorougfa 
dnire to advance, a cheerful courtesy for those irith whom 
the bosiueaa of the oecaaion bnngs thtm in contact, and 
the employment of a very efficient syatem, the direction 
of this society has long stood iT< fsTonrable contraat with 
that of some others, where official priggiahncas and ob- 
stinate prqudice offer eoutinual impediments to any 
Alrtlier progress. It is pleasing to add that the more 
genial conduct of the Midlands Meeting has not been 
without its reward, while the step still further forward, 
•* taken on this oecaaion, was signaUied by uadonbledly 
the best show of cattle erer seen in Birmingham. There 
inight not, perhaps, be any one lo very eitraordinary an 
anmial, but lacfa several section was well filled, and it wbi 
not nntil the Tiaitor came to the sheep and pigs tiat hia 
memory went back to any higher order of merit, as tried 
by the geneial strength of the entry. Then, if Che roots 
hsTB been as perfect in shape and conditioD, the new 
classes for com were more than encouraging, and the 
poultiy still better than ever. Of course, to accommodate 
these additional items iu the catalogue more apace has 
been found re^iusite, and a bandsimie gallery over the 
mplement bay, and adjoining the ponltry aTanoes, not 
oiUy gives more room, but materially improves the 
^ipeuance of the interior. Bingley Ball never yet 
looked so well, and was never ao well fomisfaed as far the 
Oreat £ihibition of 'aiity-tbree. 

At nine o'clock almost to a minnte, the one set of 
judges went to work over the cattle, and the other trio on 
the sheni. Of the four classes of Herefords with which 
the catalogue aa usual opened, two were geneislly com- 
mended—the young steeiaand the hdfers; slthougk these 
were nicely balanced by the older ■"'■"I'l of either sex. 
which were by no means ether individually or numerically 
of mnch merit. The Ave Hereford cows, in fact, made 
np a very indiSbrent display, the beat. Mi-, I'itt'a Cherry, 
a commended cow at Worcester, being somewhat flat- 
sided, and with nothing very strildng about her, while 
Mr. Draper's second had some length ; and the Hoyal 
third, though older than either of the others, was smarter 
and neater, bot so wild and difficult to huidle that the 
jndgea oever had her out. At t«u yeara old and after having 
had five calves, Mr. Baldwin's old Fairy has got rather 
beyond the high-water mark of the show-yard, and this 
wu pretty generally the character of the class. The 
ranks of ue Hereford oien. again, were commajided by ■ 
great plmn beast, exhibited by Mr. Phillips, and bred by 
Mr. Ktt, bnt with littJe beyond his mere siie to recom- 



claas, on the contrarr, and 
the beat ox or steer in the HaU, waa a bmooa handler, ■ 
pmnt that gave the finishiug ImieA to hia many other ex- 
cellences. In colour a good roan, with • cental head, 
and veiy striking in his apporanee when fint led out, fbe 
Cottesmore beast is so handsome, level, and trne, that his 
pride of pUce was settled long previotu to the judges 
finishing the orthodox examination of the othen entocd 
igainit him. Still IJie second ia a very good heu^ of 



Digilizcd by 



Google 



/: 



THE FAKMEIt'S MAGAZINE. 



BiHC lixa, but not ao pnfect in hu qmunetiy, having the 
Uil dnvhcck of bad ■hanldoB. Hr. Swinnraton's beut, 
ImireTcr, ii ■Ireadj bmoo* ia pnblic, hiTinEj iron the All- 
Englud praniom it RD^by on the previooB Thundij ; 
iDJ, eu-lici; in the year, ill the honoun at the Sparkeahoe 
SkDir, That ve thoa apoke of him : — " Mr. Swinnerton'a 
u ii ■ nc^ gtimd boat, uniting liu and wealth with 
nfitil qnaht;. He deunedly took not only the Gnt 
priie u the bert 01, hut alao the additional £20 in plate 
w money u the beat of ill the &t ttnck, men or cows ; 
ud he wQ] no doabt be heard of again later in the fear. 
He wai bred b; Mr. Stratton, of Broad Hinton, and ii by 
Boctin^iim, oat of Red Prim, the dam of the Chiistmii 
Gold Medal ateer of wme two or three jean iinee." 
nic Ymkihire white frcm Anlabj, that took the third 
fnmiiDD, ii ver; elegant, bnt rather wanting in aobitance, 
ud bad behind the ahoolder. Lard Ajleaford and Sir 
W. de Cqiel Brooke wen Mrif eommended heri, bat 
Ur, UoUaad aent a TCry bad aample from Dnmblelon, and 
Mr.Dmce'ibeMtwatnothalfM. Hr. Baker came to 
the tote again with one of hii own breeding amongrt the 
■teen, when lie alnod second with BDotber good twndler, 
ile^ ud ecHDiMet in bii frame, and with rare qnartcn, 
bnl onlj middling brward ; whUe, like bii companion the 
Gold Hedal ox, he came, aa we heard, with all the home 
kmonn of the Oakham Show freah npon him. Still a 
long way the be«t of this clasa waa entered in a name not 
u tunihar in the ahow-fard — that o( the Bererand T. 
SUinfarth, of Storrs, near Windermere, wlio aent a good 
■tor of kii own breeding; eicellent in hia qnalitjr, with a 
mgnificent fore-hand, and good in &ct behind and before : 



ttindinf VI 
ikitltpgt 



thigh), or atherwiie he wai verj perfect. 
of the third place waa not lo readily bowed 
atmott all the other decisiona of tlie well-worked 
... mj contending that Mr. Tho 
hoten hi* nobte anployer, if not have 

Ibe Doke of Beutfort'B botat, though neat and 

kit ityle, ia tot palchr already, aa well aa diafignred by a 
Uv^ noie; wbile "Ox. ThompMo'i ia better, both in 
quhCy and aymmetry, with hia Bhonldsra wondertnUy well 
nnrid, thoogh he certainly looked light and hanuaed, aa 
if the jonmey had upaet him ; bat, under any cireum- 
Macea, whatever they meet again, it will be a very near 
thing between maater and man. Mr. WalUz'a com- 
ixaded beait waa at best a eoarae one, with hia eye and 
teat bentaking anything but a healtliy condition; and 
3b. Ptcie entmnd one of those wretched rtnininli which 
na ii these days still cccasionaUy Snd their way into 
pckhc. Hon than half the entry of Sharthorn eawa 
meived some notice from the jndgea, Mr. Lynn'i Srat 
haring been taking her tribnte round the cDontrj 
faring the lait two or three months. WiUi a 
nnt head, a kindly look, a fine line, good 
kmdth, and amall in the bone, this caw ia still 
TDyknte and bad in her touch ; the lecling being more 
likelabby blubber than good wholeaome flesu ; a manifest 
dohaiait that baa told more asainat her before now. 
Itrd Howe's second was as handsome as need be ; and 
Hr. Baker, m much Ibrce, was third with a cow bred like 
tke Gold Medal di, by his late bther, and with the two 
nrdinal pointa, at least, of a nice head aud good back. 
StDl, ^ain, the beat of aU the Shorthorns, aa with the 
beat of sU tbe HneCorda, was In the heifer class, where 
Ur. Charlsa Swaiilaod, a gentleman not much known to 
faae in this w^. sent one tbt} near pertectiou. Very 
paod in her baue and tme in her symmetry, this heifer 
bis led wonderfnllj level, and it ia rarely that Buy animal 
carding h moch flesh has had it bo evndy laid on. She 
i^ indeed, the very model of a fai beast, although in 
icUrring this she has aeceasaiily loit aomethiDg of the 
^■•le ehincter that mij^t have been derelopcd 



had abe b«en kspt for other pmposea. Her back is 
Bitraordinary, snd ber touch excellent) bnt if we 
were prone to find bult, it wonld be with her withers, 
while her hoofa have been tenibly neglected, though this 
ia not observable nntil the anuual is led oot. 
Uowerer, these were mere triflas in comparison with her 
other manifeat merits, and so the Kentish heifer was de- 
clared to be not only the beat of her daaa, but the beat of 
the Shorthonis ; Uien the beat of aU the cowa, and, of 
conrae, when it came to the deciding heat, the best animal 
in the yard, as she had already defeated the prise medal 
ox, when confined to their own raoki. The Shorthorns, 



of til the show ; neither of theae, however, were eligible 
for Lord CheslerMd's priie br the beat DX bred and fed b; 
an exhibitor, which atiUwent the same way, to Mr. Staia* 
fortb'a Shorthorn ateer. Mr. Swaialand, the owner of thii 
now tamoDa heifer, residea at Cray ford, and was very suceest- 
fol at the Maidstone ahow last annuner, where the stock WB« 
entered in the name of himself and hia partner Mr. 
Stable, and when we Ums wrote of them : " The heifen 
onder two years old, the first exhibited by Swmaland and 
Stable, and the second by Mr. Betts, were both ven good, 
and for breed aud substance about the best pair oEshort- 
homa in the ahow." Mr. Swaiiland bonglit the chief 
lotaatSirJdm lAbbook's sale, and the Birmingham cham- 
pion heifto' was bred by X«dy Lubbock. Mr. Jamca' second 
was rather eoarae, and not quite right in ker back, bnt of 
gnat tnbstaoce, and wth a deal of good meat abont her; 
and Mr. Strstton's, thongh by no means so forward, it aun 
to go on, haring the atrong eaeentiala of " long, level, and 
handsome," with firm nice qnality. The EommendatiDna 
which M^sra. Stnbbt and Fantkno' received were worth 
having in such company, as the Blmingham Shorthoma 
will take a deal of beating anywhere. 
The entr^ of Devotu was rtninger than for many yean 
ist, witbm the oxen and ateer classea really aomething 



S; 



01 aer m^jcsij, lor one orea dt nis laie lameniea Royal 
Highness the Prince Contort, m Windaor Park. And a 
very handsome spedmen this steer is of the high-bred 
North Devon character, if lacking lomething of the uss 
and substance of Mr. farthing's beat in the older lot \ 
while the meriCa of the two will be tried again 
when tiiey come, as they will, into the same class at 
Islington. The Royal Devon is by The Colonel ; and Mr, 
Farthing'B couple of young steers by hts Per^rine ; 
but the third best in the younger class is only 
a middling beast, and we donbt whether the Royal herd 
ahoold not have taken two out of the three preminms here 
awarded. Mr. Tucker's, straight, lengthy, and level, was 
far away the best cow, despite the judges being some time 
in dispute over her meritt ss eompved with those of a 
Snebredbutpatchy, and very gandy-qnartered one entered 
by Mr. Smith, of Southerhay, and bred by Mr. Halse. 
Mr. Smith did better with his heifer; very mart and 
handsome, bnt amall, and fit to rank with the Royal 
steer or Somerset beast Ira the Snt place in Ml. Oeo^ 
Tumer'a affectiout. 

Then, itiU in increased strength, there vrere more Long- 
horns ttuin heratofore, with two or three fresh eihibiton 
in Dompetition agsinst those bat Mends to the bi«ed 
Messis. Chapman aud Buibeny, who, however, ably bdd 
their own. Some of the croeses were capital, especiallj 
Messrs- Martin's ox, a vciy fine deep beast, and Mr. 
Pollok'a heifer. The latter was, indeed, a picture to look 
at, bat rather too small for a first ; thoogh round, true, snd 
Bs fall as an egg of good meat, all over het. She is won- 
darA% well bred, too, bdog by Booth's Friiwa of Wn- 



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THB PAItMBR'S MAGAZINE. 



libv Mit of a Odlwnar eow, • &TODrito oom witb Mr. ' 
Fofiak, wHIi the pndnee Ukiiig ill aftw the soiled, ud 
but Itttk aRa tke Dnrliun— Mine nidom rf tlu pan 
bnediog of tha Scoti. Thete, irhen dol; divided into 
horned end no-liomed, nude up two of the gruidefit 
iectioni in the iliow; the lot of Weit Highluid oxen 
bong bi vn; the beat filled clui in the Hill, u never do 
tro ramember leeiiig than id aQineroiu or eo genenll; 
good. There were ■eventeen oxen entered, nairijr ell « 
which were lent i while the judges commended erei; one 
th^ nw, with five ipeoiaUj' noticed beyond the two priie 
winnen. The int of theee, & led oi, eihifaited bv Mr. 
Sneed, ii one of the tnieit nninuli ever exhibited ; bnt 
tt til ireen old he wu ooniidered to have been kept « 
little too long, and the eitr* pcite for the beat of all the 
Sootch-bred "*■■■*'■ wai awnrded to Hr. M'Cranbie'a 
polled Abordeen, a beait of '"""t*— aiie, bnt no 
ajmmetrf, and, on anv acale of points, not to 
compare with the HighlindEr, which hid to be 
wntent with Lord Dirtmooth'a extra pnnninm as 
the bert of hu own breed. We confeat to tome resret at 
•Being htm ordered ont, when they were tning Ibrthebeat of 
all the etam, u ineUgible fnim hinng already beco 
beaten bj the big 'on, fw the Highlanden are fitU of eX' 
oellenee, hard; doeri, good dien, and the Gneit-Bavoared 
bacf everpnt on a table. Mr. PoUok wu Kcond here 
tnin, cnHonily enongb having sent three animals and 
taken a aecond with caeh of them. From the nnmber of 
■itiiea, both in the polled and Scotch homed ranks, it is 
deal that the awaide of the lut jmt or two have not been 
withont thar ntnlts, and it ii no longer marel; Ur. 
H 'ComUa nor Hr. Stewart that have Ur ejm on the 
Gold Medala and Champion Caps thioogh nieh an agencj 
as Scotch breeds or Seateh crastet. The three bert 
reprennted breeds at Birmingham were the Shorthorns, 
the Highluiders, and the Scotch PoUed. There were 
onlj two WeUi baaiti sent, and fbr the Extra Claa Mr. 
IftiksU entarad a pair of immenae erossbred oxen that 
haTS b«tn eontinnally at joke together in tiie 
the taller of the two being preferred by the 
tha eomjianiouelMa of extras Mr. Tennant again nominated 
Boaa, bat she was declared ineligible, and the priie went 
to another inuneoae animal, a white Sborthorn cow, very 
grand bcfcre, and B feet fl inchei in her girth. iW vraa 
all wywell as a enriodty, but it itrQak a* the Jodgei 
wan a little too prone to taping and nuasnring the beaal* 
bro^^ht bcdbre tbm— not much of a proof, after all, to a 
man with hit senses ahent him, ao m to we, and a hand 
tofcel. 

_ As already intimatedi, neither the sheep nor p^ sec- 
tions of theihowwereio anything like e^oal strength with 
the cattle classes. Of the former, in fact, never niimm- 
eallf in mnoh foroe hen, the entry evinced a decline as com- 
pared with that of last year; and over the two leading types 
thdown there was tiie enstooary laek 



ofLcieeatar and Southdown there 
of ODi^atition. Ur. FoKambe oi 
the beat of the longwaols, w 
modttm fleahi and Lord Wi 



i hid br away 



edevenrlhing 

on^ the thortwoob, with four lots of 
splendid sheep, itiU gpealdng to the improrementa being 
carried out at Merton. They were generally weU matohed, 
and in the extra-priie pen, two out of the three were own 
brothera ; while of the second-best, a couple were by the 
first prise Worcester ram. In aoeordance with e very 
proner principle as carried out in the management of 
Lnd Walnngham's brm, all theae hi aheep wlU 
be sold where they stand, and a fresh team 
be ilarted for London, when the fnrther enocess of thi 
lloek looks like a certainty. Notwithstanding that thi 
Weatl, Mr. Kng Tombs, and hfr. Keaney were egaic 
(BhifaitDrB, the Cotswdda woe wofblly infsior to tht 
b&podngnn^orUrtChifatiBH; n ^ m« dias of 



Oxfind^in Domi laa 19 to jut three p«a, withthnt 
or Smu ewea ia the miied olw, whse, howerer. Lord 
WaUnghan's K"iJf^*in* model of a Down went dean 
away ^m W oompany, deepte one of the lata Doke of 
Richmond's breed being ranged alongnde her. All thaao 
sin^ ewe duaea of Leieeater, Other long-wools, Downs, 
and Shmpihirea reanlt«d in good entries, and will, no 
donbt, be continued, although we doubt as to Ihesr reaSj 



Gist class of younger wether* was o 
Then were many curisaitie* amongsl 

with white ears, and a noticcabL. 
type inth the different breeder!. Lord Wwlock'a two 



._li wore, however, good fiir ihe^i and thow of 
1. Bowen and Jones wondufnlly well trimmed 1 so 



sore at it. Abont the 

^ those of Mi. Beaij 

Smith, from Snttra Uaddodc I bnt, if anything, tb^ w 



of the 

nie and rtronj^ marked ftetnrea. Nemtheleai, Mr. 
Foster's extra-prue pen were of mod) the lame atam^ 
as, we believe, of the same blood ; and a very handaonw 
pen they are, though the but their owner will ever Bbow, 
as he is, or has, given up his flock. One of the three wat 
very ron^y bandied dnring thedv,imdertlie imprraainn 
that soma of Us wool had been glaad oa ; bnt we wve 
satnred that this appearance was attribaUbU only to tbt 
ravagea of the maggot, and that any andi tUkaring or 
plastenng had never been attempted. Mr. Holland'a oU 
sheep were a deal better than Iheyunng ones, u IhCT need 
be, for Ue latter were s very wretched sample M what 
to influential a supporter of (he sort ahonld ba aUe to 
show. Hr, John Ovennan was once more pn^eminait 
with his famous Leicester and Down cross, where Colonal 
Loyd Lindsay hnt (he second place for hiiHampthiio— and 
— Cotawolds, simply by going for too much. In one of hit 
pens there was a rii^e sheep of mnoh marjt, with 4 
Donple worthy of him in the other lot; and had the sortillg 
of them been left to the judges, there is no potation bat that 
three out of the ttt vrodd have beM distingaished. But 
the gdlant Cdond ta byno means the flnt BUO who hta 
made such a mistake, and, like the boy with the fllberta, 
he has only to let a few throi^ hi* fingers to land tha 
remsind^. 

Hie swhie are on the increase, as an entry of 98 wermu 
TO would prove ; and Mr. Qamgee had a trying day'a 
work of it, when playing the dentist over ovafj pig i* 
the section, greatiy to the dissstisbction of Uie ptMnIa, 
however mnch or bttle thdr friends might approve «f the 
examinaUon. "Hie one great class, ftther for Dumben or 
merits, was that for single bt pigs, wherein the jndgea 
would have gladly given twice ss many premiums as ihej 
had at their dispoeal. Aa it wat, the wmning ooloni rut 
npon white, and Wttm. Wainman, Steam, and Han^ 
must have been more than contoit with that thn did got. 
Any one of these three pigs was qmtc good enongh fbr flnt, 
bnt with the actual winner from Carhtad a verr marvdof 
success in the way of breeding and feeding, lie Bml 
Windson and Mr. Cartwright of Aynho had the bert of it 
amongst the other (at pigs, though with none of these ^oite 
np to the standard of the Birmingham pig shows j neither 
were the breeding pigs of average merit, the Barkihiiet 
being more eapecially below the mark— the acknowledged 
best pen, moreover, were disqualified, and this let in a 
new wan, Mr. Allender, for flrrt and second, with two 
certainly very clever lots, the ten all of one litter, with 
two more stiU left at borne. Mr. Allender probabt; got 
Ut Dotioit tf aB«A)hireat the Cirenc<eterOollt«,iriu(e 
ha wtt a papa, dOongh certain entries of Bwhauie pgt 



Digilizcd by 



Google 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



frm Um hdu dlitriot an bcgiiiniag to betnj ■ atnin of 
■onetbiag ■ littla Iner thni on« looln tm in llie trae 
bncd — one of the moft nsetiil ire bt.n when ooiuaien' 
tioiulf eulllTated. 

The pooltcT exhibition diBpIsfs more th*ii ita moal 
aaUnue. "Ae auniber of entries ii vny large, being 
1.905 agiiiut 1,BU lut yoiT, with the ipedmena of the 
raiioDi hathered tribes remarkable for their nnifonn good 
qulitr and condition. This jeai new dsMHa have been 
ofmed for blade Hunbnrgha, Cr&re-CcBurs and Baenoi 
Aptto dncki. Both in the nomber and chanctei 
of tlie Ronen dnrla, the Lu'gest da» in thii diniion of 
the prinrliBt, a gnat increase is obserrable, alike in 
smneical ttrepgth and size, some sin^fl birds weighing 
iiarlj eight ponnda each, and the heansst pen coming 
wilUn Slbs. of the hesTiest Ayleslmrya. As to tlie tor- 



S IHaiing already referred to tlie root show, when the 
potatoea wne eipeciall; good, we may antgoia tome of the 
priae wei^ta : — First, ulrer cnp, tie entire weight of 
■padineiia, 309 Iba. ; silrer cup, class E, entire weight of 
DDllceUnn, 4E6i Iba. Kohl r^ fint prise, S51bs.; an- 



l^ba. The 
T thdr weight and 
a lint piiie DoDection, one weighed 4S lbs., 
Bothet 421 Iba., and another Sltba. : total wdght, 
2581 lbs. 

Reimplement bay was only in eotUM of amngemat 
on the Saturday, bat we tbtmd that, atnongat others, the 
■dl-known tlima of TUntomea, Garrett, Hornsby, Howard, 
Osjton and Shnttleworth, Ashby, Bsll, Boby, and Hobejr, 
nre to be represented dnring the week at Binaingham, 
PRIZE LIST. 
CATTLE. 
JnwiM-Hr. Bidwd Daif, UlUafttoa HaU, BiwUDf lua. 
tti. J. B. J«a«s, Spiiacldd, Breinloa, H«eford. 
Hi. Qowta Tanar, Baaaaa Dawns, Xxstw. 
HBRBFORDB. 
Ona Ok ^wmm»Mj—Tm» fiat, £U, Hr. Joaa^ Philips, 
A>diqtda,Waiitata,BsAsUni saBOwl, £10, Hr. William 
HMk,LiadhaBHaII,NoiwMi thkd, £6, tba Bail a( Shma- 
^ and Tdbot, BiaMotSL CoMaasadsd: llr. Josapb 
PUlif*, AidiMtoD. 

STicaa.— ruH piia*, £15, and ailrei mtdat aa hnahr, 
Xr. Btekard SUAaj, Baweatt Monslow, Chnn^ ;BtnttM, 
■bnpiUra; aaeoDd, £10, Ur. Osofce Pitt, Chadnor Caort, 
Dil>TB, LsoaliaUii third, £S, Mr. Jgkn Wdlisma, BL 
"■-■■- HijUf 



- -i Skolav, BanstI Mnulow. ._. _ 

Iw^ a. BiMk, OnnliT, NixthUd, asar BirBinghaB 
lii. Igaapk S. Di^n, Tbofehill Orange, Bareloid. Tbb 
<ia> laaer^ Gomnrndsd, 

Cowt,—fii« prise, £1S, and uItst medal aa breed**, Ifr. 
S«Mt* Pitt, ChHiint Coort; aaeond, £10, Ur. Joseph B. 



«iUltilla,Bhfmnbiu;i ascimd, £ia,Ur. RencyBattridp, 
Sm Bsubj, Waalun, BsksUrs: third, £1, Ur. Jobn 
VilEsM. S«. M»tj\ Eiagsknd. HigUy comnaadMl : Mr. 
I** Baldwia, ^T^rf". Strstford-npon-ATOB. Cou- 



ndfi. lbs disB gawiilly eo 



hsM, aaeeod. £10. lb. Bobwt Siriaiwrtea, Waddi^lMi 
Qiora, Dear NnnaaUn. Third, £t, Ui. Joh* B. nonpaon, 
AiUbj, siai Hall. CommindMl : Tb* Eari of Aylsford, 
PtokiDfton Hall, near Coientry t Bu W. d* Capall Brook*, 
Bart , Qeddtntlon Oiangs, S*lCsrinf . 

Biaiat.— Pirat prtse, £lt, Pm;dsBt'i Silrsr Cup, TalM 
£3II,(or ihabsaLosarsteaf ofaoy afe or brstd, brad aa wall 
■1 fad by Iba sihibilor. and Silier Hedal aa hiaadsr, lbs Bn. 
Tbonaa etaoitartb, aiarra. WiDdeimirs. Bccond, £10, Mi. 
William H. Baker, CoLlaim(iie. Third, £S, Hia Qrua the 
Dake of Bianfarl, Btdminlon, Chippaoliam, Wiluhiis. 
Uigtaljr eaBOMnded : Hr, JohnThompioii, BadminUMi Com- 
manded : Ur. John Walur, ILP., Beuwood, Beikataira, 

Cows— Tiral priaa, £IG, elti* priae of £1S, giren bj the 
Earl of Ajlaafoid, for the beat Bhoithora, br»l and fed bytke 
eikibiter, and 6il>ei Uadai a* btetdar. Hi. Jehu Lynn, 
Chnreh Farm, Blreitoa, aasi Onnlbsm. Saoood, £10, the 
Bail Howe, Oopaall HaU, aaai Alkeratooe. Third, £t. Ur. 
W. a.Bakcr,CotMaaor*. Hiffbly eoBmeeded i Tbe Barl ot 
Badoar, Col*abill,Wilubire. Coomwiiadi Ur. John Fanik- 
n«(, Brctlij Faro, BuTMa-vpon'Tianl; Ur. Jouph Noble 
Beaalq, Brampton, near NwhamptOBj Ur. C. H. Abbot, 
Long Aahtoo, SoBtnctahlre. 

Hairana.—Jiiit piiaa, £i5, sites priae of £23, aa the beat 
Bhorihoin ; Gold Medal, aa beat eov sr hate in the Ball ; 
and iDuketpsra' Cap, valne S6 gniaeaa. for the beat ulmil in 
the cattle etasaea, Hr. Cbulea 3irauUnd, Crajfnrd, SfbL 
Bteond, £10, Ur. John Jamei.jno., Coientry. Third, £S, 
Ur. Kichaid Blrattoo, Wall's Coait, Btaptoton, Biist^ 
CamncDded: Hi. Cbailsa Btabba, Piatton Hdl, Ptnkndge j 
Hi, JahB Taulknsi, Bielby Pstn, Burloa-Dpon-nscL 
DBTONa 

OxiH or BniBB.~Pirs( prise, ^IG, Ui. Waltei Fai- 
tbing, Btowey Coort, Somvaatabire. Bscond, f 10, Hi. 
WitUam Hestb, LDdham Hall, Korwioh. Third, £5, Ur. 
Jobs Tader, 8tspla([i«re, Tannlan. Csmaunded ; Mr. 
William Swth, Bonthemhay, Bntar. 

BnBia.— lint pria^ £lEi and tha aitra piisa of £2S, aa 
the baat Dana, Msjoi-Geaenl tha Hon, A, N. Hood, Ca» 
land Lodge, Windaor. Second, £10. Ur. W. Puthing, 
Smwct Uewu Third, £5, Mr. W. Smith, Sonthamhsy. 

Cawt.—Pu*t prise, £IS, Hr. John Tnokar, Buplagrore, 
Tmnua. Baeand, £10, Mi. William Bmilh, Boatbarahay, 
Taird, £B, H^ar-Oeaara) A. N. Hood. 

Hnirau.— first priaa, £1S, Ur. W. Smith, Sontbambay. 
Bseoad, £10, Mr. John Tgekar, ataplagime,Tanntoa. nir^ 
£S, Mr. Charles Hambio, Hilton Abbay, Blandfbtd, Dar- 



OzBK OR Bnma.— Piia^ XS, aad BUw Hedal aabnadH^ 
Hi. R. H. Chapman, Upton, nasi NoBaabm. 

CowsobHbmm.— Tiiatprts^ /'" -' "=■— "-^■ 
aa brcMlei. Mr. JosBfh H. Bwbsfy, T 
Second, £C, UirWiUiMk Tkoms* Cos. t 
Dartv^ire. Commended: Mr. R. H. ChapBan, Uptoa) 
Ur. Rlahaid Haakea, Haasoal*, CUriasota, WarwickeUta. 
OTHER PURE BREEDS AND CR088-BRBD 
ANIUAXS 
(Eic^ Scolch and Welih). 

OxiH OB EhflBBB.— Pint prise, £10. Ueaen. J. and W. 
Maitiu, Aberdeeo [Croaa-brsd} ; aaeond, £S, Ur. Allan PoOok, 
LisBaey, Balhna^oa, Ireland (Bborthora aad Qtllowsylj 
eoBmended, Hr. John Baldiia, Loddingtoo, WaiwkksUn 
(Shorthon and Heialaid). 

CowB.-riTft priaa, £10, Hi. Obaitss Hobbe, Mdw 
Hampton, nesi Cifeklade (UorOsTB and Close) : aeoMd, £5, 
Mr Aaron Pike, Mitten, naaiTsvkaabnry {Ctoea]. 

HniraH^Firslptisa.flO, HesKs. J. aod W. Kutin, 

Aberdeen (CrMsj; saoond. £t, Hr. AUaa FoUok, Immbj 

(Sbnthom aodOaUovay; i ensmended, Hr. Joha Fanlkoar, 

BiMby Farm, Bnrton-npon-'nreat (Staocthom and QslhHray ). 

SCOTCH BBEEDB. 

PoLiJiD OuH OR BtBBHa.—Puat prise, £1E, aod szba 
o[ £1)5, for the beat Scot, Hr. William H-Combi^ 



raijtonr, Abaidaao, N3, (Ab , , . 

WillUm Heath, LndbBB HalL Norfolk (Qallawaj). 
comaaSBded, Hi. Jamas Blavart, Absrdasa '•■^-'- 
Command^ Uesai*. J.ead W. Hai 
ibire). Claia ganerallj eomakcodad, 



d, £10, 1 



.cdbyGoO^Ie 



THE tAXUKR'8 MAGAZINE. 



Wbit Hiohund a 



iv the EuJ ol Dutssuth. u btat HiKhludtr, Ki 
BB*Td, K»la Hin. BteSanlihin (Wut Hi|blud) ; Kimaa, 
JIO, Mr. Alku PMA. Uiour. aifUT »biiiuiI«I, Hi. 
8uad a*u. Bg«li, MbiiTgh, Roibn^kir* (Watt Higk- 
lud)) Mr. Hwdiut Oeidan Ruuto, Edm MoMh, KalM 
(WMtHi(hUDd); Mr. Birmll Ewia Bcnnitt, UtntM Trai- 



Cows OK Uitriu.— Prin o(£10, thi Eul of Bonlht^, 
KtnaudCutto. Padhnbir* (polM Ab[iu]- 
WELBU BRKSDB. 

OziN □■ Stbsib. — First prica £10, Hi. BumU EwMU 
Bnoatl, MuiMn Tniuill lUll, Rii(l>ri accoad £B, Hi, 
Btorr Piatt, Brjn.j-Ncudd, Bufor. 



Cqwi 



c Hiin 



-[NdI 



TO 



EXTRA CLA8BB8. 
(For Animala dM qaafiSnl lo sDBnaM in anj of thi ;icc«dinK 

Priie £S, Mr. Fndeiiek If thall, Bpttil Arm, Bwbnij 
(amia.bnd}. 

Cowi or HiiFiKL—Friu £B. Hi. Williia Linba, Aa- 
barat, u*ai Lincgla (tborthora). Highlj conmandtd; Hr, 
WiUian Flettiw, Kidnintboaiia, UuiBeld, Kalu (ibarC- 
bn); Mr. C. W. Faska, M.P., Prrat-olda UiU Farm, 
Mar LoagbboniDfh (ibartboia}. Coaaradtd: Tba Lord 
RtihMduc*, Barkakj Cirtla, QloncnCcnbira (thntbore}. 
SHEEP. 

Jdobbi.— Mr. JohD Blon. Huutov. PIrmoath. 
Mr. John U. Spwrinit. OiAird. 
Mr, Edvard Qemgb, QntTalUiU, Shnva<]arr. 
LBICEBTEB5. 

ThiM fit wtthan, nM naoidiBg tnntf-two bohUu old.— 
Tttat jpnat, 19^. extra piiia of IIU., iEtbb bj Ifai Uafor of 
BiraiB|baa> for tba b«n p«g of long-Boalkd •baas, and ailiai 
■wlil aa bnidcT, Mr. li. H. FoljaBba, Oibaiiiu Kail, W«k- 
asp, NMUafbamibin. Seeoad, lOf,, Hr. Lawrenca Wllliaara, 
n* Nawtrka, LaicMtar. Third, 51., Hi, Riebard Lofell, 
Kaaptoa, naar Hilwo, Toikibin, 

LONQ-WO0LLBD,iiDtb«iii}I.<ioaatara. 

ThiM (H vatbcn, not ciociliBi ivBDiT-twa monthi old, — 
Firat jmn, lSJ.,aadii1>(( uadalto bmdara, Mcun.TtaaiBM 
awl Oaoqa Weat, Oiaeabill Fua, Blctebinhn.Oilardibira 
(Cotaixild). Saoood, 1(U„ Mc Juba Haaijr £!■■•, Calaa- 
hofDa Puk, naai Cbalteahiin (CoUaoId). Third, 51, Mr. 
Cbaka Stnej, Glasitona, Dear Roia (Catiaald). 
eODTH AND OTHER DOWNS. 

nna fM waihen, aot iiaediag Iwaatj -tiro mootbi old. — 
Firat priaa, lil., aad ailfor mtdil ta bnedo, Tha Lord Wal- 
ainxhaa, Harhw Hall, Tbitlord, Naifalk (Soatbdoira). So- 
aoDd, lOJ, Tba Lird Waliiiutaaai (Soutbdovn). Third, Sl- 
Tha Bail of Radaoi, Colaahill, Higbiroitli. 

Taro* fat ■albtn, euwdiug Iveni^.tvo bot not ainoding 
tkirtj-fimr BiaDtbtgld.— Fint praa, 101, (iln> priae o[ 101., 
■iTeB bT the Hiih Sbanff ol Warwiehihira (C. U. CildMotC, 
Eaq ), tor tha bail pea of Boatb or olbai Doirn ibecp, tad 
ail>tr madtl at braeder. Tba Lord WaUioibua, M«rtoa 
Ball (BoBibdovD). Second, ti„ The Lord Walaiufbun 



SHORPBUIREB, 

Tbiaa &t watbara, aot auHdiDi Ivanlf-two moathi old.— 
Kt«t p^t^ 16/., and iiliti Bwdal aa bittitt, Tha Lard Wcn- 
loek, Boanoa CotU^e, Much Weolock, Bocond, 101., Tni 
Lord Wealock. Tnird, U, Hr, Cbuln RajBOlda KealioK, 
Taw Tin Farm, mar Pcnkridgr. Staffordihin. Comaifailcil : 
Hr, Baar; Smiib, Suttoo Haddock, BbiflDiII. 

Tarea lat watboit, oecadiDf twantj.two but not eieatdiog 
tbiitr-foBi moDtht, Pint priag, IDI., and Hr. NairdaglU'l 
ailrar «p, Talua 101, 10i„ lor tba btat pan ol Bbraptbira 
abaap, and iilnr madal aa bnodn, Mr. W. O, Fntcr, HP., 
Kinrer Hall, near ytoorbndge. Baeoad, tl., Mr.Bdward Hoi- 
)aiad,H.P,.DoBblatOB HaU, ntu Kreahaa, Conmaadcd : 
Hi. John Htnboij Bradbna, am UdilWd. 



BiBgla'Bkronhin Wathac of trnj a|c— ,Kh«r Cap, *alM 
£E BL,fi*tB bj Haatn, Htpptebaek aad Lowai ud Bam 
Hadal, a> brawlar, Mr. W. O. Foalai, M.F„ Kiant Udl 
Fino, StoarbrUijic. Highlf nmaunded; Mr. Joba Caao^ 
FrHlord, LicbBald. ComBaBdwl: Tba Bart at AjIcaTord, 
Paekinclon Hall, naai CoTcntrr. 

OXFORDSHIRE DOWNS. 

TbiaaFat Wa(b*(*,BMBcc*dingiwanl7-t«o ■oatbaaU.— 
Fftat piiia of £10, and.adTaT Uedal u breadti, Eii Oraca tba 
Dakeof HarlboronKb, Bhobaim PaUca, Wooditock. Sttnad. 
ol £5, Ui, BiDual Drooe, Eynibam, ueai Oilbrd. 

CR0B8-BRED BHEBP. 

Tbna Fat Watbara, not axeaadinf tnatr-two taootbt old. 
— Fint piiia £10, and BiJTfr Hsdil aa broader, Hr. Joha 
OTonaaii, Barabui Baltoo, Bnrahun Harket (BoBtbdova 
and Laioaatar). Saooad of £5, Mr, WiltUn Hanr, Bnta- 
haaptOD, Higbvortb. 

LEICESTER EWEB. 

Fat Bwai of nj ago, bariag bnd ona or oiore Laabi.— 
Firat priit ot £!i, Mr. Joba Ljoo, Cbureb Fano, Btraxtoo, 
Oraal^B. Baoood of £S, Hr. J. O. WaUiat, Woodtald. 
Aabartlef, Worcaatanhiia. Hi(blj eoomeadad ; Hr. i. G. 



LONS-WOOLLED EWES, NOT BEINO LXICBSTIBB. 
Fat Bvia of nj ago, baviag brad ana oi aora ^ -*—**■ — 
Firat priaa or£S, and Silrar Uadal ai brccrtr, Mr. Jobs 
LjOD. Cbnreh Fara, Slroxlao, QraatbiB (I,iiuialB aadL^ 
oettar). SteoadDt£3,Ui.TbM - - 



eataraUra (OotaaoU). CoBBoedod: Ur. Willua Saitb, 
Bibarj(CoU«DldJ,lattwoaatiiaa; awlHr.ThOBaa pgrtar, 
BaantoB, Cireaontar (ColaaaMl. 

SOUTU AND OTHBB DOWN BWE8. 
Fat Bvaa ol aj aga, baTWg brad ooa or more Lataba.— 
Fint priia ot £5, and Siltar Madal at bmdcr, Tha Lord 
Walaingbam, Hetton Hall (Sontbdairn). Baeoad ol £3, Hit 
Qrisa cht Duke ol MailborOBgb, BltDbim Palasa, W ' ' ' 
(Oifordabiie Down). 

SHROPSHIRE EWES. 



...__. llillFara,Suaibridc«. 8aeoado(£t, 
Hr. Uaur Soilb, Soiton Haddoek, SbilaaU HieUf oaa- 
mendtil: Tba Lord Wanlock. Coaoaodedi Hr. C. K 
Kaaling,YairTiaaFani,PaBkrUffe,BttSbcdaUr«i Mr. Joba 
ElaubDif Bradburaa, Hpa Plata, near LWiIald; Maan. 
Bota aad Joau, Budoa Hooaa, Btawmbaiy (t*o oatnatV 

PI as. 

JuDSi*.— Hi. John Moon, Harialoir, Plfmoutk, 
Mr. Joba B, BpaanDg, Oiford. 
Ur. Edvud Oongb, Qiaiat Hill, Bbnvibaij. 
Tbne Fat Pigi, of oaa liitar, oat axaeadiog ten moalbt 

£iie £10, and Sociatj'a Sil'cr Cup lalua £i Sa. 
edtl ai brtedar, Mr. Tbomaa L. H. Cutwrigbt, 
tnboTT, and MtliiUe HoUM, Yilt. SaeDsd, £S, 
' " A. N. Bood, Cnttbtrlaad Lodn, 
. Maik Bhirmaa, WcUiogbomegli. 
trrio, Hacklai Hill, Bimiaghaai. 
Littar, not exeeediiif IlteeD asntba 
Hadil aa brfadar, Uajor- 

Lodga. r ■ 



Ainbo. 

Mijor-t 

Wiodtor. Third. £3, Mi 

DiiguaUntd : Hr. John P 

Tbm Fat Figt ol Oaa 
old : Fint ptjie £10, ai 

Qcnaial Iha Hob, A. N, Hoort, Cuml ._. , 

£S, Mr. OaniKa B. Hodud, Abinadoa, Berkahira. Tbird, 
£3, tba Hon. Calonel B, O. D. PaagtH', H.P, Ptartaja 
CatUa, Banfor. Uighlj eomniendad, Ur. Joha DuliBg, 
Beaodtant Farm, Ruaeic^. CoBiitndcd, Iba Coontrai o( 
CbaUiSald, Bralb; Uall. Burloo-opun- riant ; and Mr. Tboa. 
CKip. Bmlty Abbtj, Wiekhiun Uiikat, Suffolk. 

Fit Pigi, iiucdiDg fifiieo nootbi old : Fiiat priaa, U. 
and Silnr Hedtl ai brrader, Mr. William Bradley Wainaaa, 
Ctrbaad, otar CrOH Uilit, Torkibira (Cvbead lain 
braad). Second, £3. Hr. Sioiiiel Oteier Btaam, Braadeaion. 
Wickhao Htikat, Suffolk. Tbird, £2, Mr. Qtorgo HanitlM, 
Biiudale, Ripon, YorliibiiaL Higbl; aoBBeadHi, Mr 
WiUiBaYtJ1i,JuB, Ronad Robla ArM. Highwettb, Witt 
..._ _ ■ ■ Mr. Jah- i:^-' ^ . 



.,1b, Google 



THB FABMER'8 MAGAZINE. 



SiMpitf, Hi. Thsm Criip, Butln AUiH,8nliia; Hi. 
W. a, WaiuM, CwbMd {CuhMd niddU bmd) ; Mr. 
i<An X. Tta^ Luglmi, IwUida, Okncwlwihiw {B»A. 
Ain). 

BKXBDtNO FIQB. 

flM OF TBI BbBKIHIIB BsHD.— K** Ol DM HHm, 

miliig S ud aot (UMdiag S punithi old. Fint piiw, 
£J0, aim nadiJ M bcndw, uid tu Soowti'a bIto cup, 
niH S itDBoi, If r. Qeoryi If ■•dtr ADeadir, La Qnnfi, 
Wiwioir, BoEki. Bocond. U, UrOtnin SiMoiir &ll*ud<r, 
LiOniijta. Tbird, £S. Ur. Walur J. B. Bcott, aactn't 
Batd. Biminthui. SUtn Uadil, Mr. Wco. Juau SuUir, 
BtaUiB OUlMt, Criokkd*. Hirhlf eimmcnihil, Uie Rit. 
Bdnrd RnborU, Uuborna, sau Biimioihin. DiuuiUlid, 
Hi. Duutl LwiK, WkuUbsn, aair OliHiBMtai ; Mi. Jaha 
K.T«alM. IdDKbid, LtcUadc, QMMeaWnhin. 

Plai 01 OTHIB LiBOB Bbbbdi. — FiT* ot DM Utter, 
Bcccduf 3 rwd iwt eZHSding 6 moBtki old. Finl priit, 
£10, ud Him mcdtl m bietder, Ht. W. B. Wiinmu, 
Cubt*d (Cuhotd). Swoad, £6. Ur. W. B. Wiiniaio. 
Cuttwl (Cuhnd). Tbird, £3. Ur. Fndnick F. W*U>, 
VHUB-nadv-Walhottj, dcu LonungUm. Bilitr a«d>l, 
Hi. iadmr On)', Batin, Lncaitanbirg (larga vhita). 

PiD* or A 8>ALL Bbiid.— Fire of oni litiai, eicndiog 
I ud oat tuoedinf S moatba old. Fint prin, £10, lilrar 
mlalii biBsdari ud the Sodatj'a cop, value S ft., Mr. 
Tbomu Criap, Bntlij Abba;, Widhim Muket, SaloU. 
SvBd. £i, MuDi-Qaneril tke Bon. A. N. Hood. Cnnbci- 
lud LadK& Tbiid, £3, Hi. Robftt Bakeler. Spatctalar 



?uk.IL 



t. Me. B 



■nel Q. B 



. .. Diaqaalited, Mi. Jobn Ljnn, Cbnnb Fani, 

CORN. 
JoDai.— Mr. J. MUhevt, Edibuton Hnua, BiniachBn. 
Wbiti Wbbat.— flnplM of a ~ 



Tnn,£tli.,IIr.Ch>ik*Ki 

Sawd. £1 U, He. Joanl 

XudaabMd, Bakahu* (Ckidhaa). UifUjr 



Tmui BMklawl, WiadMR (Chidhiai}. 

Kid WHiaT.— SbbbIu of cm botM ftdb. — Fint ptiao, 
Oil., lb. RalMrt BajaMid, Haifian. IMU BalT St.Bd- 
wwda, (Bhimra BMidodf. 8o»od, £1 U, Mr. Edanad 
LTtMIl RadfWd HaU, BOir LaaBiogtM (NarMr)) Hint} 
(MBMdad ; Hi. Oram Walliagtaii, LKtt* Hdl, DMi Wal- 
ln t naiM, WBrwiokiUn (Nuaaiy); Matin. Janea and 
ftaioiek Hanid, BriUaaU Faiw, Bodfbid (Kallitt'i). 

Buui.— S^plaa of OM baiM (ach.— Tint priM, £2 
h., Hi, JgMpb H. Clark, AJtwwd Bddh, Haidaahaid 
(eaUaa Haloa). Baa»d pius, £1 la., Baaid Draca, 
Bmtaa.aaaiOilbTd (Old CMnlitr). HlfUjmaaawlcd : 
H(. KakMt BaTabinl, Haaiian (Bionn' Dahgbt). 

OiT«.— Samplaa ol on buihal t*A : Fint priaa, £» 2i., 
Ht. Prgdviek Ljthall, Bpiital Faia, Baaharr (wUu); 
Moad, fl li, Mr. Fndnkk Lrtkall, Bpiual Farm (whiu). 
Biun,— SaaplH Jsl oaa Iraatwl aaeh : Fint fmt, £t 
■•. Hr. TboMaa Hallted, Nawbald, Bbipatoa^n-Btoiu 
(Fnacbwfaitalajaa; aasood, £1 li., Hr. Fradonck Lilbail 
Bpuul F«H(8priDa). 
?iu.— Bupla D? oaa boihal aacb : Fiiit priaa, £2 U. 

Ht.Bab^ BaTDbud, HaagrBi* (Bulj Ksparai); aaeoad, 

£1 U, Hr, Edanad IjlUI, Badford Hall (Blaa Fiald), 

HiiUreo«Baiidad,lba Loid Boaton, Hadm, Majda n baad 

(•■plmiptttridga). 

BOOTS. ■ 

iiDSi.— Ml. J. Matbm, Bdfbaalan Hoiua, Bjrala(kaa. 
A liltK cop, or otkar aitkla of plala, of Iba lalsa of tea 

piMu, ii oOoad br Mama. Fraetoi asd Rjlud, af Bir. 

■uoitbu. M a ftin lot tba baat oolUMua of tbe fsur f^ow- 

■C 'uinia^ aaadr : 1«dc mui|dd-iianal, (loba aufold- 

"a«L awriaa. aad naiBta— aiiioma a» each to be abown for 

tti> (nai alooa. Ht. Johm Moora, Wanriek. 
inl*arau at oUai aMida of plata, ot th» laloa of ten 

P>w.bae.dhj 

WtlrMhaapUa, ' 

■«E4,tUtaB 

MUaTMib U 



Kohl Kabi (Bii ipadnMa).— Fint piiaa, £S la, Coload 
N«th,MJ, WTOtanAbb*T,BaarBaBbniT((TtaB); aaooo^ 
£1 la., B«f . Thaoai Starau, BiadOald. Hifhlj cowiBBdad, 
CM. Noitk, M F, [pen.) 

LoHD Hahoold-wdbibl (Bii ipaoiawBi). — Fint prnN, 
£B St. Mr. l<Aa K. Fo-lai, Fnbondal Farm, A]iiaa^Di]r 

gulton'a jallow); taeead, £1 la. Be*. Thomat Staicoa, 
radleld (ltd ) ; commendtd, Tha Lord Boaloo (jallowj, The 
Ra>. TboBli auieni, BiadBald. 

Globb UutaBL-WuazaL, Bii SpoeiBaoi. — Firat priia^ 
£12i., Rar.TaoBaiSlereHa, Bradteld. Second, £1 la, tba 
Lord BoitoD (reUoa). Hiahljp amimcadad. Col. Nmtb, 
ILF. (WnitoD Imprarad) ; Mi. Joba Hoore, Warafaik ; and 
Bar. Tbonaa Blerana, Bradfield. CaaDeadid, hu Qnaa (h* 
Doka of Portlaad, Oipilnne Park Faim, Notta (jMaw, tiro 
autr-a*). 

SwBDBa OF aHT Vabibtt, Bit Bpadmasi.— Fint priaa, 
£2 2t., Ui. Jabn Duliag, Baindaaerl, KogaU}, StatFordaHiia 
IDiakMin'i Bic«n Top). Seeood, £1 la., Hi. Samnal Ro- 
bjnaon, Shaw Houi^ Melbonnu. Derbjahira. Hiiblj com. 
msaded, Hr. William K. Ualini, Bruklaf, Nortbamptoo- 
tbire (SkiirlnK*!); Hi. WUbam T. Crotbie, Aidfnt Abbay, 
Tnlee (Satton'i Cbimpion); Hi. Samoal Bobinaoa, Sbav, 
Honta; Hr. WiUian Fletcher, lUdmaiithwaiU, NottJ^ 
(Suttsd'a Cbampioa). Commended, Hi. W, T. Cnabia. 

CoMMOH ToBNira, aia apadmaai. — Fin 'priaa, £2 Sa, 
Bit WIUiaD Haatkeota, Bail., ILF. (Ora; Siooe) ; aregod, 
£1 la.. Hi. Charlei Kuiaar, Olaaaloee (Qiej Stoaa). Higbly 
commaadtd, Hia Oiaaa tha Doka of Portland (Omen Glate), 
t«o anliiaa. Commanded, BnT. Tbomaa ataieaa, Biadlald 
(Oiaen top, wbita). 

Cabbdtb of iHT Tabibtt, ail apaeimaai. — Fint priaa. 
£2 2a., Hia Qraea the Duke of Porllaad (AltiiacBun) ; aaoBd. 
£II(.,Hbanei tba Dnko of Portland {AllriDikam]. Coaa- 
maadad, Mr. G. 8. Foljambak Oibarton Ball, Notia (Altriiw. 
ham] 1 hia Qraoa tha Dnka ol Fettlaad (Bolgiu), two aattiaa. 

Ox Cabbibb, ux apeeimani,— Fint piiae, £2 la.. Hi, 
Bamnal Bobinaoa, Shaw Honae (Babiaaaa'a Cbampioa); aa- 
eoed, £1 la, Mr. 8*mod Robinaiii, Bhaw Hoaaa (Bobiana'a 
Ckaiapion). 

Kidbbt Potatobi, tvclia apedaaaa. —Tint priaa 
£2 S(., Hr. titom Uaagtaa, GiTaBdala. Yorkahin ; BBoaad, 
£1 la., Hr. Samuel BobinMB, Bbaw Uooae (Km; orFlahaa). 
Cgmmeaded : Mr. J. Cbojea, Inn., Hania Biidga. Atbanteoa 
(New BndliaK); Hr. Bamaal Kobiuaoa, Bhaw Bonaa (Hal- 
boania Haro}; Hi. John Bbackal, Blambaia Hoiua, Small 
Haith, aaar Biiminiham (Kiag'a). 

RoDND PoTATOBa, tvalia •ptdmaoa.— Knt viae £2 li., 
Hr. O. a. Foljambe. MalTm (Woodai); aaaond, £1 la, 
RaT. Thomaa 8t**an>, Bradfield (Red Korai). Hifhlj eoa- 
maidadi Ur. J. K. Fowler, Ajleabarj; Mr. Q. 8. F<^ 
Jamba (Donbai Swnt). Coaaaadad : Btaon. J. aad T. 
UowBid, Biitaania Ftmii, Badfbid (Bagenta). 



Bbfbbbb fob 1 



I Aoaa OF Stodk. — FnfaMic i 



BPARKENHOB FARHBRB' CLUB^Tha Biat aaat- 
inn of tha Bawlj-appointed CeaBillM of this Cbib vat 
held It Aahb7-da'la-Zo(teh Tha (ImOob of patioD. 
pationaH, and olSeen took placa. ne Bifht Hob. Bad 
How* baa eooaented M ha the Fieaidtnl of tba Sodetj, and 
Ladj Edith AhMj Haalin(a baa lotiaalad ber daiin to ba- 
coma Ltdjr Fationeai. Ht. Idba Sptnoar, Of OdatoDO, arM 
elected Chaiiman ot the Coamittea, and Hr. Qermao ( Ladj 
Edith Haatin(«' B|[aat) waa elected Tice-cbalraaa. Oa ei- 
hibitioo dva nn bed f« the Btb tad 7th Beptteibar. Lad; 
£dith Haatiufa h*> kiadljr plated Willadtj Fvk at tha tai- 
TicBOt tbaClah. AA«r tba bi 
twaa^ooi pmtlm 
aidlBf , and Mi. 8 



Jpfinc tha ri aacbair, 

lent toaate bad baao diapoaad of, Ua haallba ot tbi 
Fnaida4Ead Howa, aad tha I^ FMnoaaa, ladj Idttl 
EMiap, wm Mat bartOf ptapotMl aal HMhBd. 

zed bv Google 



THB FARtCEira HAOAZINB. 



BUTL&ND AGRICULTUKAL SOCIETY. 

ThB uiDiul aha* of this Kiotelj took plue rt Oakhm, 
on Thondsj, NoTsmbar 26. The Utanduioe of fumn* 
«u good, Mid tba iliow itaslf ■nperloi' In manj rupoota to 
tuimei diiplaji of tlia lorl. Thli lodatj ailcndi tha 
piirllq^ whlob it li cilanlatod to iflbrd to araj pailib 
which 1* (ItDBted wiUdu twsnt j mllei In » dirMI ling ftom 
Om town of Oikhun. 

The Judozb. 

Blade—Mr. £. Ljtlul), BwUcnd HiU; Ur. B. Q. T. 



Locu, BiUthvaitOD ; Mr. 8. Hunt, Esiton. 
AWABD OF PBEMIVMS. 

For the beit oi or Itmr, at ini brMd or miflit, ondai 
BnTMiiotaBt, £le. Mr. W. H. Bskra, ot CoHamore; 
Snd, £T, Eitl Bpcqoer, of Attliorp. 

For the beat qi or ileer, of uir brMd or wtl^it, imdai 
fear JMM of lg^ fed within Iha diMiist, dio, Mi.C. 
Ohumiti, of Bzton; Snd, £fi, the Huqaii of Exeter; 
' l,BlrW,D. CipenBtoahe,Btzt.,afaeddiugtoii 



of Cbnieli (um, BtcoiloD i 8d^ £a. Mi. W. H. Sdcer, 
■fe,£T,«r.W.H. 



FMlhobntil««rDiidei three 



threeT*uiorefe,£T, Mr.W,: 
£a, lb. E. WorUej. Bidlinpai 
r two jmn otaga,JU, Mr. W. 



Forth* beat 

Baker, Ootteanoia; aad,£8,Hr.H. J. Bodkia, Idngkuu. 

For the baat heifer, abore two and aodar three jean old, 
£S,lIr.W.H. Baker, Cottecmoioi Sod, £3, Hr.T.Cbap' 
BUn, WUtwall. 

For thabetthairacundei twoTBUiold, £i,lIr.I.LjIili, 
Ohtueh bim, SlcoztoD i Itod, £3, Mr. B. la Bwiugler, 

For tha beet aow. ia-mllk or io-oal^ £6, Mr. J. Lnin, 
Ohnreli tarn, Btnstolk; and, £3, Mr, H. J. BnttiD, 

For the belt ball, ibora one and ondet two jauf oU, 
£10, Mr. T. Chapmaa, WbitweU. 

Forthe beat bulLliboTe two ud noder four jean old, 
£10. Mr. J. Brothwell, of Bruebj. Mr. C. Bap, ofEet 

For tha beat eow bi-mllk, £6, Mr. W, Eubbud, of Lin(- 
hamt 9nd,£3,Mr.a.ChBiler,afWaltham. 

Sa tha belt h^ar, noder three jaira old, £1, Mr. C. 
Bpced, of Exlon ; 3nd, £3, Mr. O. Chiatrr, of Wallham. 

For the belt heifkr oaK, £i. Mr. J. Bdgwn, of LiDghun ; 
Sod, £1, Mr. Q. Cheiter, of WalUum, 

For the beit hreedli^ beaat, ahowa aa extra itoek, ■ ail- 
**r medil, Mr. J. Lfon, of Churah farm, Stroitoo. 

For the beat lhtbaBit,ahown aa extra ito«k, £c, Mr. I. 
PilTtf, of Bionghton. 

For Ih I beat three long.WDollnl ht wedier aheep, a ailTar 
enp, the Right Hon. Lord Bemera, of Eejthorpa Halli 
3nd, £T, the Hon. Colonel Lowther, of Barlejlhorpe ; Srd, 
£4, the Bigbt Hen. the Eari of GainaboroDgb, la Eiton 
Fark. 

For the beat three aharl-wootled or long and abort. 
woolled crou-brtd bt welher iheep, a ailvar cup, or moaej 
value £10, Mr, T. HorlBj, Jan., of the Foue, near Leam- 
ington ; Sad, £1, the Moat Noble tha Maiqnii of Exeter, 
*r Bnrghlej Park. 

For the b«t faor long-wooIUd breeding eweii £S, the 
Hon. Colooal Lowther, of Barlerlhorpe ; 2nd, £3, Mr. C, 
3. Bradthaw, ot Alatoe Hoiue, BarlBT-oa.the-Hill. 

For the beat fonr long-wootled thearec, £6, tha Hon. 
CoL Lowther. M.P., of Barleithorpej Snd, £S, Mr. W. 
Bhlpman, Ealon Lodge, Belrair. 

7w tha beat Ibnr long-woolled wethar limbi, £3, Ihe 
Hon. ColoHl Lowther, M.P., of Bu-lajthoipe ; Snd, £3, 
Kr, J, Bradabaw, ot Alitoe Honae, BarlaT-on.the-Hitl. 

Vor the beat Ibw long>woolted ewe lamba, £3, the Bon. 
OoloDel Lowthar, H J„ of S*ll«;rthoipa j Snd, £i, Mr, C. 
Chapman, ol Eiton. 



For the beet abMp ahown aa extra itoek, a rilTer nedak 
Mr. C. J. Bradihaw, of Alaloe Honae, BariaT4>o-tlie-Hlll. 
Mr, J. Ljnn, of Chnroh Farm, Btreiton, highly iKtmmeadod. 

Plot. 

For the beat fkt pig, nndir IS uontha old, £i, Mr. W- 
Camr, ol lagarabf i 2nd, £3, Hr. T. Bnta, of Brook. 

For the belt ht pig of auT noall breed, nodar 13 moDlha 
old at tha time of ihowlug, £l, Hr. J. Slaath, of Biauialon ; 
and, £3, Hr. W. Carrer, of Ingarab;. 

For tha beit fat pig of anj weight, £3, Mr. W. Brfan, ttf 
RldlingtoD ; 3nd, £1, Ur. T. Hamniond, of Egtetou. Hr. 
T. Clark, of Boriej^n-lhe- Bill, highly oommended. 

For the beet In-pigged or maUng aow or felt, £3, Mr. J. 
Bleith, ol Braonitan, Mr. B, Haalay, of HamUeton, 
highly commended. 

Eoaaxa. 

For the beat mare that ahall be a good and qniil worker, 
tbr the general poipaaea of agrisaltnre, £3, to Ur. S. 
Bicharda, of Qleudon Lodge, Kettaring. 

For the beit jearllog geldmg or Dllv for the general pni- 
poeeiofagiiatiltare,^, to Hr.B.L. Bradihaw, of Tinwall. 

For the belt halthred fom^iear^ld hnnting mats or 
geldiog, in riding order, bred.wiOiin the district, £10 (giTem 
by the Uarqala of Eieter), to Mr. W. Coleman, Jnn, of 
I^ngClawKin; Sad, sop, or £7 (gtven by J. C. W. Ewart, 
Eiq.,ofLoddiiigtcin).toMr.E. Hnnt, of Caldeeottt 3rd, 



For tha beat haokne; mire or gelding, under ifren yeafa 
'Id, in riding order, not eioeedlng AfiaeD hindi hiah, £S, 
a Mr, W. Hirdr, of Thiatletan. Hr. W, Lallan, oE Moi> 



TAUNTON AGRICDLTDRAL SOCIETY. 

TUs aoeiety held its Hmmd axhUdtion at atoek la the 
eattla maAatoD Friday, Korember 37. Thaahovwaaauill 
in moct dapartmenta of atoek, bnt tor qnali^ tha "tJi-rft 
anrpuied ail ^wriona exhitdUoDa. The weather waa Bne, 
andthaihow-TardwaathroogedwithTiaitorB, TheJodgai 
were Meaira. W. Comer, of Eing'a Bromptoa ; T. Cook, 
Craie Lowman, Tirerton ; and W, Taylor, Himbrldge. 
Ihe following ii tha liit ot awaidi : 
Bazintxa Stock. 

Beit bull abore two jeara, pore breed, a handiome ailrcF 
CDp (offered br Sir P. F. F. P. Aoland, But.), Mr.B. Far^ 
thing. North Petliertoa ; 3nd, Mr. J. Hole, Donster, Com- 
mended, Mr. J. HiJtoa, Fark, Wiraliseambe. 

Beat boll, pnre breed, not eicMding two yeara, a hand- 
loiaaailTer oop (olTeied bj Hr. Jamea Hole}, Mr. C. F. 
Peikiui, Orange, Klngaton: and, £3 (offered bylhcSo- 
det;}, Mr. C. F. Perkloa. 

Beat breeeding cow, in-ealf or calf by her aide, £9, Hr. 
W. Finhing, SlowayHiaart, Bridgwater; 3ad, £3, Hr. J. A. 
fimitfa, Bradford Pcrtrell, Dorcheatar. Highly oonmended, 
Mrs. iinn Bidner, Fittalelgh, Mllfirtan: oommmded, Ur. 
T. Bond, Fuk, North P«thertOD. 

Beat heifer, in-onir or calf by her aide, not exceeding the 
woof thref yeara, £S. Mr Cecil Smith, Ljdeard HoDMh 
Tinntoni Snd £S. Ur. Waller Farthing. 

BoM hrifbr, pore breed, not exceeding the age of two 
yean,£i, Kt.C F. Perkina; 2od. £3, Mr. Cedl Smith. 
Highly oomTnecded, Mr. W. Fartbing and Mr. Farkina. I 

Commended, Hr. Cedl Smith. 

Beit breeding cow and oSkpriog, a haodiome allter onp , 
(olTered by Sir A. Hood, Bart„ M.P.), Mr. John A. Smith: 
highly oommended, Mr. C. F. FerUaa. 

But bnll ciir, not exceeding tuelTe montha old, £3, Ur. j 
Wm. aibba, Blihop'a Ljdeard ; Snd, £1 lOi., Mr, W. Far- | 



Beatlhoroogh or half-bred arit,flUy,or0eUliia,ftortldlne I 
or bimthig FQii>ow*, £T Ta. (oSknd bT Uw m^ait). Hi. 

I .Chhv,;Ic I 



THE FASMBR'S MAGAZINE, 

£3S*.,Hr.TUotaud 



ILP.). Mr- 
Bat' 



C. Hmgrani dnrKon, Tannton ; 
Clark, Bubop'i I.]r(lauxl, luntoD. 

Bed cut man and lati, a bandaaoie pisH ef plate {.offend 
br Hr. a. C. Boalinck, ILP.;, Hr, J, Bmlan, Coma 

For the beet eart gaUing *" 

. , _,j^ of plate t 

VejMj, Ctnptt, Biidgwmlei. 
Fax CaTTLi. 

Beet ox or Meor abora ttirae jnn, £S, Mr. Jolia Tnelur, 
Stapl^TDTe, Taouloni loil, £3, Hr. B. H. Ball, Hiuk- 
iid||a, Taunlaii. 

Beat eieer, imdeT thiee jean, ^6, Mr, C. F. Feikiiu i 
and, £3, Xt, J. Bolt, DodhlU, Kinpton. 

BiM <kl eow, £6, Hr. H. H. BaU. 

Bast bt hrifer, £B, Ur. B. Farlbior ; 3nd, £3, Hr. W. 
Faitbli^. Eighlf MmioaiKled, Hr. J. & BaU, of DodUlL 



Beet boar, £9, Ur. W. Oabunie, NortOD, Fitmatn ; lad. 



BeM tnedinc worn, £2, Ur. W. Supper. 

SXTBa SiDCI. 

£2 10b, Hr. C, aibba, ToUum, Blahop'i LjdMrd; £1 
10a, Hr. Bobwt FartUof, Hortli PelliertoD| £l,Ui.H. 



RUGBY AND DUNGSURCH 
AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATION. 

IW —Bel ■ae ti t tt Ihfa MwaaOia laek phe* — Thaie- 
%, NereBber M, M Rw^. ItatenaanniMdikevof 
MlU m* iteet, ltr.B.Be»B(SB,o(WeddlMlOB,teaklbe 
Mriaty^ IrM prin ftr tke bM f at ateei. aod tha epen win 

rf *ftaa caiaew he tke beM bt b«Mt af ear dMeopde^ with 
ihaaaMiBUML Ht; CaUeoMt aUo exUiiitad mb* iMd 

AWARD or FRIZKB. 

Jinwu ov BnMK. — Hi, Blaad, SinglaT Hall, HaiM 

H »hoce«^ ; Ur. Joha In, Wert HaddM; Ki.Fmm*. 

Oanu, 

nflen OafawBi, ik.: tn ffoiBMa bj Mr. Wn. Hoot; 
bar lileiii by tba Bari ef DaUeilb i low Rdeeie by Hr. 
C. U. CaUaaaM. aad t« (niom bj Hi. W. Cropper, Ibc tba 
hat bt hmtt of an* deacriptton. Hi. B. SwiBoartoB, Wed- 
tmum.VmMttau. 

Beat bt Mev, £6, Hr. B. BwiBMrtoii. 

Be« ban o( pan bnad, abora a jen «U, £5, Hr, John 
Cn&^ tavfard Bin 



i,£l,HT.8.C.Plliili 
ami caw, la mXtk et Ike I' 

Bmbaaeat Aahbf ft. Ud|«n. 
BeM pna bcaadiar oo«, £S 

£4. Hi. Thee. Caldcend. 



Hr. Wn. 8«Bh«Ma) i 



iU, £1, Ht. Hanj Briilar, ElBf'i Kawnham. 

BMt hrihref pne bteed, In-eaU or ta Bilk, oadn Ihiae 
jane eld, £5, Hr. Wm. Unlu, Caveton Bnsia. 

Bertptnltaw Ute Bf pve bieed, £S, Mr, J. N. Namaa, 

Bert p2r at aUra rtian, ondei three yiaif old, £1 lOi., 
Xt. Wm. Mmm, Oraadbetoegh. 



Bat cart >l^ or iUr, £^ Hr. Thoi. r^, 
Saaar and Luibb. 
,1WNbertUAaBiliB|B,e( para Uaf wool baad, £t, Hr. 

Oaailian <S, Hr. T. Horivijaa, 



Iwrtrtaefr t wdl 



Thiee bat breediaf awea, £S, Hi. W. CMriey, Wetfard; 
MOOBd, £S, Ut. W, WinteitOB, Wfllrej. 

Tbm bnt Ibnne, £1, Hi. Thoa. Bird, Baltoe. 

Bert pnre-biod tap taab, £3 10a., Bar. C, R. Bw&aill. 

Three bert pmJmd wether laBbi, £3 lOi!, Hr. W. Cowley, 
Wet'otd. 

Thiae bert pnnbied ewe lamba, £2 IDl, Hr, W. Cowkr, 
Wallord. 

PlM. 

or jalt, of Uife bnad, la-pii, or ancUiag Ua 
hnow of pifB aadei Iwdra weeke old, ^ Hr. Bdaudi, 

Biet aow M Ti>t. sf bmU bnad, ia-pig, w UHkUaa ita 
hnow of pip oadv tw*lM waaka old, £i, Ht. B, UabM^ 
WeppaDbnip, 

Bert baai ^ of Mj kned, £1, Hr, B. TJMbwi, W^poa- 

BiraA drooK. 
Bert heart, ai eitia rtoak, «hU hai boM the prmtftp 
the ibov, £1, Ur.B, 



of the eiMUtor I 



1 BOBttaa preeedlag the 
Hell,ne&Iiiinrortk. 



ABINGDON FAT CATTLE, CORN, AND 

ROOT SHOW, 1B03. 

FRIZBB. 



r. W. 

£5 ft the belt Fu Oow-^Hr, 0. F, HaOrtdi £« fet At 
■eeood bert— -Ur. J. FhUHpe. 

£5 In the bert Prt Bdlrt aad* d yMia ol aca— HbH. 
Betteridce ; £1 tar the aeeood beat— Hi. W. AUwnlh. 

£(ftii the bert Frt Hrite nadn S Man at H>—Ur. W. 
Aldwoith i £S lot the Mcaad beat— OaL L. liadetr- 

£3 (br two bnt Haibn, In^aK aadrt S }«ara «( a|«v aad 
£1 fin the two aaeaod beat— Hr. B. Ciaddaik. 

A rilrar cap, o( tba talna ot £S fia., the (Ift i< J. B. 
Jaahju, Eiq^ Ibi tba hart two Brtfcn ahown ia dan 8— Mr. 
B.Craddoeh. 

Aulmenn, of thenlDeDt£C 6e, Iha lift of T. Parr, Bi;., 
foe the bnt Seart ahowa— Hi. Jonph Fhillipa. 

A illiei mp, of the nloa of £l Se. the gift of 7. T. 
Nonii, Eaq.,HJ., to tba exUUtof of the bort Helllt ta 
elBM 4— Hi. H. BetleildcB. 

A iUtv rap, of the nine of £5 £•., tba |UI of B> Bmroe, 
Eei., hLP., lor the bert Fat Sloer nndai S jmn of ase, lad 
£3, giren bj the Bodetj, tta the neoad bnt ditto— Hi, H. 
Batlaridga. 

A ^Irer enp, the rift of Laid Orantooe, ta the aidUbitw of 
the bnt HcUar in Jiua B— Hr, W, Aldwortb. 

£3 for the bnt pu of three bt baU^rad Wrthar 8he^ 
oad* 2t moatbi old — Ur. 8. Dran; £1 In the nooad 
bnl— CeL L. Ucduj. 

£3 far tba btal pea of aree fat ihoit-woallad Wrtbn Bha^ 
uidcr 23 Dgooth* old— CoL L. Xindiay. 

£3 for the bnt pea of tiiiaa fit Bwn-Hr. WB.Bntlw; 
£3 iDT tU Mcood beat— Hr. W. T. WaQla. 

A lani cop, of the Yaloe of £6 Sa., tba^etHr. J. 
B, Jeakpat, fci the baat pM of Bra Tag*, bm aftn the Irt 
daj of Jaaaair, IMS, diawa bon a Bed of aot Ian thaa 100, 
Bot aaon tbaa one «aA befcn the Bhe* t to be fbd aa tta 
Soekoa tbaltfai; to be ohan nntriBuaad, ood bnd brtba 
axMbitoT) aad neond piba of £1, (iToa by tha Bodatr— Hr. 
W. BottOB, 



£1 for the bert pan eflbne fat Plg^ of oae Utter, aadar B 
moatha old : £1 fo the bert (U Flf andat I« nintba oU, 
and £1 tot the aeeend baN t lad 41 te tba bert ftt &« 
InnpeetiTe of walgbt, age, or teMd-Vr. a B. ItakBl. 

I Google 



THE FARMER'S MAQAZINE. 



THE FUTURE PROSPECTS OF THE PLOUGH, 



In thB ptpar we bnt to mniDt thi ploogh fram * 
fbjMltgieil poisl of Tiaw. Bomm iapoitiDt tbe at- 
riMDJetl nd ^Biml qimtiou iarolnd in onr uI^mI bit 
bi^ it ii tin pnimca rf buiM that drtarniaM tMii ml 
f^o, ud thu h > pltin qontin in phTaalog;, W« Dij 
talk ■ giMt dol tboBt lb* canKnctloa ot tha plowb, the 
■hipt of the tartem dice ; bot *k>( an eofm ud oitU* for 
eitker, of wna tot tk« beat bdf o{ the ebomtitrj uw btlDg 
tsofbt lUoiin, u lo Um poUaaj of tbU ud the uit kind 
ti mnieraf Aed bfl(id«i,il Mm ud atUewont fro*, it 
b ■ w41-ut)MotiaMd twt thU >eadi end Tnaii of ioSsite 
nrietj win doamb ia all tbdi bocbiI aub«iiicB I So that 
Iki fotilitr of tlio land ii lobiK^ to a two-fUd didaitida— 
eont or wttdi, pnctioallr apealciaff. Ttan tiaa iaiiuaiMial 
lanaeri ham btoi laBiUii' with thi* oatnnl peealiaihy. Hanoe 
^a old iBTinf : " FhM|[biaf tha hntar oat of i etop," 
" Sit to thi)llat," "Twiloh tillica, " Hairowiof for chaifoek," 
and ao oa, at I'lfltoftMK. Ib ihnt, than ii a natonJ ralatioo 
hi tw Bin the Togatabk kiagdont aad land, that the enlAalioD 
•( Ih* llttv darekipea. 

BlaUicallanpniaiMalabihigUTbToitnbtelobatheOTn 
■Dd aaula in Ihia mpaM. Whaataodill thanltintadcnwa 
nqidn that daar ramh aort td oaltinlioa which ii the 
peniliir ekaiaeurittia it wotkdoM br the clatn plough; 
bacaaea U uppUa* them with, ait ud mdalDca io a aauiei 
•oodadTO to theli health ; ud (ot • eimHat raaaoa It ii iD- 
iBical to the ^lowtk o( twitch, Udellaa, and other woada 
that loznriate in tka land wbtn in tka oppoaila ooDdltHa, oi 
in that of ahdlow snltore, with a delciant aopplf ot air, tat 
U iboadanoa o( moittara. And nth racard (0 UtO ataek. it 
ia alao a weO-uthenticele] fact, that vbere the enltlTaled 
enp* do not thri*a whee the land it nndar tham, cattle do 
DBt tfarin OB BDeh land whan it ii oadai (raaa. 

IL ii iataraatiBK to eoBtaoplala the relation which that 
HdMi batweoB Und and ita prodoca. And thia ii eqaalljF 
troe of bad mltiTatioB and ita nitntal pKvanr, ai ot good 
■uaftmaat ind iU Ihailj. That, a fitld it bib( ploi^^d 
and ton with wheat, or beilaj, or oata, or beua, or toiaipi, 
Ac Tha land it in tha bait order, and mtijMag foing aa 
aaaiMiafallTi hnl iDiDethin( oUli «S the itood handa, to that 
tha Bald it laR to ba dnfahed, and ia Inithed ia a difftitat 
itjla of vorkmuthip, and llia weeda Joat kao* aa wall •* 
the braer «h«M the Kood huda left olf ud ita bad ooai 
beitan. Or. ajpin, a Idd ■(; ta town; bat btfoie tta hai- 
TowiBf ie Baithed tta work ia oreitaku hj a hecTy ilont of 
rain, aad both tta waada ud the eom tell to aiarr pt•ac^bJ 
the laat atroke of tha htitow whea tta thandar-ciond hnnt 
ud d«la|*d tta land. An iadule nosber ot exaaplai of thia 
kind night ta qt - • • ■ 



HRbt,^!, 
iiDjE BuuDiT nitmnwaUl 
and their diitribuUoo 



of ur leaKthenad aiperieneai 
wns laami Md alto with Ita long Icaia ol nn 

A jtTf gnat doal bai been lud of teiBper 
■oiatnre, and ttagaalogrof Boilii -- ^--- — -' 
in detenniniag tna healUi of p 
npOB tlia aarlaca of the glota ; 
parabniT apaaUog, npon a eertaia iterated apol, it would ta 
wall hir ni to talk more ahoat tha aucbuical indiwnGei cd 
aolliTation, aa tta latter, ander each eircnmitancet, tax aa 
muA, if aol more to do, in datarminiag the apeciet of ptanta 
that will thrifa tta beet, loznriating in the higheat digice of 
■artattoo nndar each peonliai qnalitj of work. Betwaan 
didennt gealagieel qnalitiaa of Boil, aa clay ud chalk, and the 
apedei of pluta which tfcer aatartllf prodoca. there it no 
donbt a corretpoading diOerenae i bat talwetD pore chalk and 
elaj there fi a wide BOohaaiu! diflkrence ; while, open tkoth 
datoriptiont of toil the inflaaooe of good ud bad plangtaiBg 
npn th^ pndaee 1> fUnlliir Io all who haTo taj axparioDoa 
in their miiMgenient, ao that thlt la mora in ttTont ot the 
MBBUt than againit it. 

rhutta that grow on Iwd nitnrallj are therefon no tatt 
nle tot tha gnmth of ethen, or eran the tame tpedet ot 
pkala nadar ailltdal qilema of muafement. Bott szaa- 
ptaa Ma aol^aat to tta lawa ot aatnra. Upaothlt bind then 



naitiai Uilj laiaad. Bnt the fkcta nads 
a that natnrc hat mar* Itn thu oat, M 
that whan ona law doae not apply aootha will la otba 
wordt. wheat, thiitlet, dockt, coa^gnai, tharioii, fta, han 
each a law ol theii on, to whieh,tbej teapud whea tta wkcaj 
ot lortaaa brinp it roand to Ih^ rtape c Ut e dooia ; aod iba 
plough baa alaajt hitheito had aomathtag ipecial to do wiik 
the wheal of tortnnet and, donblltaa, aill eontiaaa to htn for 
the fotarc. 

The eaaa ia a dear ana-, ud, ta ngirda tta fiitart^tLt 
ateanh^ongh ia da ci Jadly In hronroF the cnltintod cropa, u 
tlreadj atatod,and againit weeda. It pmniaaito taao nadar 
both tta draiaattDcet of the catt^ i^.. good work ud (nd 
weatlier.britwillgreatlj.irnotwtaU; obriete tta aeeeaBt]> 
of workup land u a bed teaeon. 

Theieera edranttgeeinleninTOlltaateam-ploagh tbitmi 
hardly ta orar aatimeted. LaM acad, nanara, a^ labcau ia 
aaad-Ifu^ ud man prodaoa of a Iner qaalitj in htrrnt, it 
eertaialr a golden rata ; ud it ia, ia reriW, the ymHal i^ 
which la emywhera do* befaig tanght at both thaaa intanrt- 
ing leatant, nader tleaa-callma. We m^ call it a aut 
aitiUal efrten of eoltiTatha than lurae^attnr^ ud la- 
qactlionaU J to it it ; but, elthoo^ boco Brtifiaalt ia iti 
eitaiiar appiaranoe, It Derntbeleee praica itatir to ta at 




D toward mla farmen . ., _ . _. . .^ ^.. . 

■tBineilat then may baa|adi(iaai ptmiat; i* aatiiaa- 

log tta work of a Hwokaaidan or ^«i|:hBiu it Hi 

" aom Tilaa ; bnt tha momeat we bagia to detetwM 

a by ou own aotiooa. and not hy tta tawe ot nitaia, •• 



drda [ and the grsater tta epwd al 
giaea it Boring al the tm*, Ita g 
leare tta right line that alone leadt 

At praaint, when tta iteaB-ploagh it uteriac oil _ _ 
for tha dnt tine, tta preotiMl baaringt of tta qnatbon nqdn 
to ta opanly diacnatad by fiaaun, and not, u ia too cea- 
Bonly tta cue, to ta laft not aa awtlcn ot detail that an aa- 
dentood. The taaiu of thia ia maailhet, lor half tta leeden 
of tta igtiealtaitl pobUc jatt now, in nfeienee to ileeB- 
Galtora, and indeed enry l»uch of egricnltare, lie ealy 
inutaara, wta do not toe tbioga in the auw light aa da 



pruticalti 



iacly-ud^ine outM 
datail ia oqoally wril nnderalood by bia brothe-rtuBat nth 
wheal ta ia conTcning; hot wbu ■■ tore to tta mi- 
tear, or mrrt theoriat, it ia otharwiaa^ for ttaiittM"csiiaMn 
Hiur" otlhe pTiclical tnu — which ii only andenUnd by hit 
brather-fivBien, ot thoet c^ehnenlilly liBifar with the 
opontione of tta Aeld ud hnllh ot the enpa gnn. aid 
Uraetock raand— ia to tben a ifeod ta^ii^r ; while in ill iKad 
a qilea olhypeiphyrical nytboloc; it taaght, that it paihafo 
teia nadeittaod t^ tbemieira thu by Ihoia whoa lb» iSirt 
loinitmctiathredtMaandpntieaef igiiealtanl Withtha 
latter, Natnn it nought, ba f oaa her lateHon with tta ploogh 
' Uy inaantood in tta ■ 



[. ThiiBaynottaeuHly ioacoerdescealth 
otitu, 01 mvA of than' npnirial phDoai 
ylaach; tat whtalMden 
nf 1 tort el htUouU* mtta, like i 



.cdbyGoO^le 



THE FARHEK'S MAGAZINE. 



juair M (tilt*, thu*'pnMn'i wi^aD,'' ud tkil " oa^» 
^mgh hdni Um oolf toIm UDthl,'tli« out ununai dM- 



w eoataguHU symptoiat U 



a *hn hkTs wmd ui npnnbcMbip in ihe laid, 
Hd ate eu hold tfaa ploogh wHh ton* d*fr*t of profn- 
MMl otdit to UmohIth. Hach of tbit a doablicu oviig 
telktobiwtiaubls nntiiw hitkarto tMcht nUtin to tbi 
TKiltii nwrhwii— of tka ^aa|k, bm 0[ the tamwilicB, 
nd a(U U wkidi it iIiimU ba liid, eoaphd at Iha uuaa 
■ina *itk the nucrittd •ninuit of ndicalB vhidi hai b««ii 
aat BBOO tlw iiiui>a of pnctkal meD, ai aniiqiiated and 
nvailky of Batraa*(a, althoigh baaad an ths infallibl* lawi 
it Matua: Wktm t£« budaqo* (tjla tA ufuMtDt i* adopted 



ttaanla to npbdd Iba infallibla diota of tipniaoca igiintt 
neh oiiM, oapodillj wbaa tbij m not inOcMnllj ranad in 
fkjtieltgj to ba abU to dabnd thanialTaa on aeiaotjflo 
fnodi. nw blaitins inflaaDC* of thia npoa Ibo baallhj 
fV— a( HNiBcl pnoboa mar t* <9on anlf iaajrined dan 



Bat tha dajs aia Beariy opind wban laaliioiiibla natina 
aftkiikigd oa* b« iMcetaifailT tangbt tha naaitl igiicnl- 
teil pablia. b otb« wordi, Uo Maun ploa(b ia aftctaallr 
n ni«iiia| vith oUwi brinrbM ol idaaoa in niunf a 
trtillj ilifital aapantnatoca, la tba pcofiaii of lUua, 
— ta do Mt bnak faith lintlr. On tba eoatniy, tbn bll 
"tba diopa of nin boa ■ aoBaar dond ; 
■I qoNtion o( tha ataam ploosh, ethait 



I, inhjaet to a aagatira 



qniiaa a laigai tMonnt of aiaiitl umladj(a thna psbipa 
aaj othar art ta coatial ita dataili ■■aeaufnlly; and tba p^- 
■ioucical qaaalii 
parhapa anfaTBi 

Eiantaallj Ua ttaam-plooih will affect ■ Ban ODilum 
qBalitroltiUifavotk tbio ia now bting pubrmed bj tbs 
hono^oogh, Tha diSanoca batwaeo goad and tad pteoth- 
ia| ia mat, and hat loaf bMa Ut ai a miUatana about tha 
ntA of tba larniac, gnarallf apiaking ; bnt it b naw abant 
to ba lamarad, aa tkal foi tba fntua, he will man with a 
noch lightei and man alaatio atap in Iha saich af profiaaa 
than hitbaito. ladaad, not a faw ilnad* rec] thtmnlTaa 
nliaTod ftoB a nij baiTj bnidan of weeda. with ita GOU< 
tvpait " littlo ootn and BOoh tul," whila an a«nflowin| 
biuhd afloida nnquaatianabla proof that the oatonl law, or 
naraal nlatioa that ciiata belwtan tba plmgb, tha land, 
ud tha aof, ii bcriDniDg to ba piactieallr aadantood and 
q^ndatad. The ai^aatagaa that irill tkna ba laaliiad when 
itaan-enltnia it toUj matarad and is genaial opantioa ace 
Busiftdd 1 br, on tha ana hand, the waadi not onlj eooiiuw 
tha TQiniiia, and impeiratiib tba land foe tba growth of oem, 
but alaoineuabea^eipanMor laboutokanlbam ■adei; 
while on tba other, tha atop ii daSboBt both £i qaantitr lod 
qnalilr ef eon and itinw. No doubt kx a abort tisa tbara 
win ba a large aoMont of infnior wotb dona by ttaaa-plouKhi 
and aoltinian, aad no liltia iBjparitiaB pra et iaed apoa tba 
erednblf of naaj, aa to wUah ii the beat iaplesent Md a/a. 
tea of ealtiralioa. EipariaBaea ^thia kind an tba oommq 
lot that attondi tha intiodnatioo ot alnaat wtnt >aw tUic, 
and a daiua ao Tiet ae that heat bene to aUaat in the ed- 
livatiOB of land weald be an 
Bntabaladsaofthii kindwiUao 



rathetel 



THE MANAGEMENT OF AN ARABLE FARM. 



At tha Penrith Faimen' Clnb, the following intareetiag 
leclora and diacniaian took place lately. 

Ur. UorrATT aaid : The mbject which I iDlrodaoa to-dij 
tor oar diacnaaion is " The Managcmaat of an Arable 
>'>m,-'a(id,ia doing ao, I ma>tcoaf«Bat)iat I do feel ao me 
nlsetaace in throwiog the gatmllel, beoaaae I am quite 
■art thai any gentlenun thai I >ee beion me woold do 
ptitcr Jaatice to the important inbject tluD 1 on pretend 
to da ; aereiUieleea, I ahatl endearoar to la; before yoa m j 
inro limple nswa bow I oonaider an arable Iinn oaght to 
h mua^ad, and whieh, I traal, if canied oat, will giro a 



lant : and if I oan by any maa 
J hinla to my brothtp'nrmen 
diall nmdder myself aaiply paid for the little ti 



thro* ant a few practical hinla 

">] ■ 

hara pat myaelf 



tateriag ia 



Allow 






le dft^l of ihia anl^ect, to intimi 
uwconToaauon 1 had with a lenaot farmer v 
■Doe, who oeciipiea a eoJd clay land larm , coaaiiliDg of 
iboat leoaima of land. I andenland hla rent la aome- 
what aboat £100 peraooQai. Ia walking oTBrhiafirm, I 
■Bw the laraet and hii men raaniog wheat in a field near 



"Yon Itare an eieel 

„ laa aaada; alao a rorj „ 

idjuDisg Seld." Both fitlda are cloaa 



- Ye*,'' he 






itwilf notpiy the (armt. 
grow it r 1 aaked. Hla 



lelling at anch 



" Thro wh] 

llial, ■• We 

M do not grow wheat." I inquired h< 

nqoind to wocfc hia fannP He aiid 

nmetimea an odd one in Ihe 

Uo in potting in faia arop.' _ 

of lead ha genarall* phragbed Ol 

l»niy-fln aem; tnt that depended n 



\S 






like thia if 

lajaar? ''Aboat 

_ , eion thaaiae of 

« and Bomatiuea leaa." My next 
taaatian waa, ** Why do yov ploogh thoaa good flelda oloae 
1° janr hoBcataad f Ooyoanotthink they wnJd graie 
*ifi,Bnlp*yyoab«tl«rr Be aaid, " Pariuqi* they nlgbtli 



bat I am obliged to plough the good land to lielp to manage 
the bad." I thenaaid, " 1 think yoaerr indoiag so. Now, 
according to yonr own showing, yon leqnire a pair of 
horaea, carta, ploiighg, barrawa, trapping, and other imple* 
menta to work aboat thiriy^ali acrea of land." I (hen 
aaked, " Haw macb do yoa think that a pair ot horaea, 
maa-aerrant, blackemith'a bills, etddlea, den., wear and tear, 
coat yon every jair to keep on joar biia T' He anawered, 
" I do notkoow; I nerarenterad into theee ealeolationa." 
" Well," I replied, *- 1 ahall tell yon what I think— that no 
farmer eau keep a pair of horaea. maa-aerrant, Ac, fbr leaa 
than £100 a-year." He ahook hia head, and said. " Well, 
J cannot aaa that.' I told him to think abont it. Befara 
we parted, I aoggeited that if be woold lay down to graze 
about eiity aorea ot hia land near the homealead, and do 
away with a pair ot horaea, iio,, he would find it a good 
■aTing, and pay time much balier than ploughing iL With 
theae few prefatory remarka, I shall now proeeed with our 
anbiect. 'The firat IhiQg that 1 aak to be dons ia, that all 
laadoHQcra driio their land- Ilia the beat InrestmeDt they 
can make. They will reoaiTa at leaat flte per cent, for their 
outlay. No aaeuiity ia required. The impi ilTement i> in 
the land. Secondly, that all tenanta or occupiera thorongbly 
cleaa their land of all obuoiiooa weeds, ufd eee that no 
thiaitea, dtc, are allowed lo ran to seed in their he^geiawa ; 
and, thirdly, pal on a sufficient qnantity oi' 
or atlier artlfliual monnre — whieh will proii 
crop of any kind dnring the Tsriona rotations. I now 
aeeome that a farm eouaiata of 200 acrea of land, ohiaSy 
arable. The Oral thing that I recommend, that a quarter 
at least of ertry arable farm ia tha eoaniy bp eouTcrted 
into graaa, properly laid down in a minite ' ' ' ' " 
eipUin afterwarda. £ apprehend that yi 
moat farms abont lea or dfteen »at o 
dedoeted from the graaa, will Iraf e about 
thtoogh a rotation of cropping. Then ■ 
Bsres ID Data, after laa. tweniy-aii in fUlow or i 
twei^-alz In wheal or other grain, ■ 






1 wiU and on 
meadow, that, 
10 lore* lo go 
b* tweniy-ak 

-r graan crop, 

a down with ateda. 



u 



TUS FAKUXR-B UAGAZINB. 



tweotjkiii ia taaSt forhi} or|rui,uid Mgntj'-iii in grMs 
tini jflinlild. This, I spprehmd. wtU Rqnira two pur 
of honn. &0q to VDik tha suae. On all nuatire olaji 
•oili, I neommBTid that the Im Imd for oali b« plongfaid 
KMn aftar OhrUUau, prorided Iha ««ith«r ia raltabi*, bi- 
CBiue Iba land gita Iha aliantags ot tba ftoal, and mncli 
moru likely for a crop. On Mgbi loUa, Ch« month of March 
will do, I thiok a gnal miiuik* ia BwJe bf toanf (knncn 
la beiog (oo lite in aawiiiR tbeir oita. On all dry aoili, not 
later than tha montii ol Hanh. kttnt aowing lbs lea oala, 
noTcr huTow the laod aeroM tbe fiirrowi ; invariably hai- 
row it the aame wa; u pLoagfaed. Yon will Bad, by id 
doing, lh( oali will ripen sTener, and, gtctrallr, yon will g»t 
abetter crop. Tbe neit mtaiion ia fallow or grun crop. 
I iligald lika [a aM that then wai Hinwlj any fallow on 
aoji farm in Ibe two conatiei of Cnmberlasd and Weat' 
moraland. If all tbe land waa Ihnroaghly drained, the 
lUlow might be dlaponaad wllta in a araat meaaar?, becaaie, 
at tha preaent price of ahaat, it willnocpay, Enr; prae- 
tioal ftrmeT knewa that tbo soil ot patting in ao acre of 
wheat on fallow groand, laboni, luaa, and two jreara' rent, 
wtll coat nearly aii panndi per acre ; and if tbe prodacs ia 
only abont erien Carliale buabela per acre, it the preaent 
priee, 1 Ibiok wi wllJ all be agreed on Ibia, should wa not 
Bgrea on any other, thai it will not pay tha grower. Some 
one, I iMok, will aay that there ia land (inch aa Soweiby 

I admit Ibit Cbare ia eonta land ia that dialiiut whiah I 
fonnd ■ dillleolt; in aoggcaiing any sthfr coune. Mow. let 
na aea bow this fallow and green crop land ia generally 
maaagad, aecordiag to the preaent *t}le of tanning. I 
laeoniinend that the flnl plonghing ont of oat ttabbia far 
gTwn erop yoa plough deep, I ahall aay not lea* than asTes 
or eight inohea, and not later than tba monih of Novembiir, 
prorlded tha weather will admiL The winter ftaati aaaiat 
mnch Id tbe polienzing of the aoil. I mwrnmand, for a 
graeu erop (either potatoea or taroips}, ten or Iwelre oart- 
kuda of good farmyard dnng, and two cwl. of beat Perarian 
gnano ; and, if yon hue cot a anfflcienoy of Cannyard dnng 
Id BOW all yoor green erop land, then gire (wo cwl. of gaano 
and Ihrep cut. ol pre[iacad or ground bona, which together 
will be a fair qnaotity to prodoce a good crop. I am an 
adrocats for all [krmera to grow aa many inedes aa he poa- 
aibly Bin. Ha will find, at the long mn, ihey are Iha moat 
praUtable crop h* can grow, and conanme aa niany aa be 
ean on tba land witl) abeep. I do not reoommend ftrmen 
lo grow many potatoea, pat^oalarly on strong aoila. 1 think 
thay are ths raoil ImpoTeriihing crop thai a farmer growa j 
bat, on light Boili.lheT may be grown lo profit I nowpro- 
«BBd with the bllow land, Many gentleman wham I >ae 
before me, aa well ai myielf, baia often been called in 
to aaltle batwteo landlord and oS-golng lenant. and aome- 
Umoa Itttween the two tsnanta who are oEf-golng and in- 
oomlng. To my great aalonlshment, I bare aomstimaa 
fbnnd that tha arbitrator for the off-gatng tenant contended 
that ten loada of mannreper aore were aufflcientforanaere 
oftUlow. I aaid," Far loo little," Tha anawer waa, "Yon 
find vary ftnr fannsri give more," I bare heard the lame 
doctrine held oat on ulber occaaiont. The aoaner sueb 
argnmenta aa Iheae an done away with, (ho better, Now, 
let na aea what tbeae ten loada of manure have lo do : 
First, a crop of wheat : aeaaDd, perhapa. a bay crop i third, 
graaed ; and foorth, pbogbed out of tea for an oat crop ; 
and, if yun ahonld happen to aaggtst to Iha tenant (o graze 
more of bla land and plaagh leai, tbeanaweria, tha' ' 
land will not graie. Now, gentlemen, bow ean it i 
wllb(he*e (anioada of manure ! I aay that the fallow ongbt 
to have, per acre, ten loada of good dnng, and forty bnaheli 
of lima eierr arcond conrie, prjiided tha land ia adapted 
for lima; and, if not, never giro leai than eighteen cartloada 
of good mannrapwaore.or an eqaiTalent of other mi 
aqiul lo that anionnt; then laincerely beliere thai iti 
amply oompanaale the tenant for the eitra oullay. 1 
lake Iha land ia aaedi. All land that is not worth 20s. per 
aore to fann, if too want for hay, I adviae Tou to top-dre« 
joar aaada in Oia apring of the year with good irlifloial 
mannra to the eitent of Ma. per acre, and ton will got per 
oenC. far yonr outlay, Perhapa aome one in Ibia company 
will aay, - It ia all very fine what jon anggeil, hul whit ia 
to be done irith these poor cold aoila that are not worth 19a. 
pn Mn to farm r' Ltt me »w if I nm luggeat aoy iMlCer 



irlhetenMtbaHar 



ino4a tor this class of ^anl wbleh vlU pay the tei 
(ban braiking It up with the plangb. J*J dowi 

IBS, aa J BoggNtad befors, sisept that I wonld necMD- 
, for land of this qnallty, when laid dmm, to hara two 
Wlncbeater bnabela of Iha b«8l peranaial lyHran aaela 
ith fom poonda of miied olom aaad. Yoa wiU Iben htna 
thiok aat of gtMS. Do not ea( this land bra dooa the 
rat year, and take oars that ran depastnr* it with a miied 
Bloek of oaltla and aheap. I now pnt tbe qoeatiaa lo «*eiT 
practical fanner I see befois me, thai, U luty aciaa of land 
of theae poor, cold soils ba laid down aa 1 hai« pnseilbed, 
which, at 10a. per acre, the rent will be £ST 10a.-^K>w pdt on 
fifty Cheviol ewes lo breed from, that ia one aheap to tha 
am, and if Ibn hara eomiaM fottoM pnMily •■mid ba 
aarsoty lamba. And (baas worth lOa. aatk wUI ba £70, that 
'■ laariag (Or (ba laaant £SZ 10a, Ikan ia tke wmI baaidti 



kind of cMtla at^tht to ba kept on 






pt OB sadi rssBsMii 
M ths Hum's ew 
eliaula tod aall hart a gisol ^al U do with it. BM Ibia I 
thiak laaaWljsqi: aalcMagood bread o{ aay sort. Bad ptf 
propsr attaadiaB la arafy ailaaal aa tha lum, puticnlart]' Iha 
Int ysat of thric gcowlh | tUa ia awat susullaL If yoa hall 
hHw Ibaa te iisl ysai, ysa will Had that uliat yon hara 
Isst^ BO doiag tanaot ba oMaiaad agall. In aalaatinit a 
bdl fainilahly bqaiia If hii dam waa goad at tha poU, and if 
yon ean gat tbefotteuBH and milkiag p fB VWtH w eombiaad 
togelbsr job will do welL And, in canclis'aa, allow ma to 
rs*srt bast ta tba fallaw laid ; tbat U auoh waa praparly 
dtsined tad waH Bstd 1 daeately beUsra that llian ia acBtaalj 
ta tera In tbe two Mantba bat <rtat woald (tow graia erof t 
aadlfMllotbasprisgof ths ytar M b« tat oC with ahaap 
tad tftsrwtrdt tawa with salt tad pfopar giaaa aaada, Iht 
Uod troald ba in batitt httrt aad fsT tkt Haaal aaaaidanbly 



whiA IB at piasant oada tha pbugh wai pat iaio gnat, I 
have no doubt at all m my miad but that it would pay anitb 
better than the way it ia ooltintad at Ihia time. Oaa word 
mora and I am doaa. Haadaw land, it UHn, laqmtaa top 
draaiing; why not top dreaa yoar inferior grata land ? Tn 
tha eiparhnant, and yoa wJil find it profltabia, Qlratba laad, 
Ibe third yaar aflsr ysa naaa^ 1 ewt, per BCn tf nitrate •( 
soda and 2 ewt. of gronad boaat, niied tOftthtr, tad yoa «iU 
Bad that yon an amply pdd. t now Itara tbtts Um Impet- 
feet ramaika to yont eonaldsntioD j aid HUutg that I Diay 
bate tratpaaaad on yoarpaticDet, I btg ta thaok yon tU tit 

I : nangh I kara m uaotical 
eiparienca in lbs Dwttar, I htra do tb^olita to mata a law 
remarki by way of opsaiu) - ■■ ■ •- ■.- 

Irsaled hi -'^' "" 

oat any argnaant. Hia adrioB ia 

it thoronghly, Bad minura it Bumciviuy. ibbbb an lona 
eiBBatiala whloh ail will admit, and oot ana oau diiant to aa a 
[aatml rala ; but whan ha aamea to treat Iha aafalaM ia detail 
It bteoDMa a qnauion trbelbar draliaga will pay oo aoma laadt. 
WiU it pay oa slay laadt ! Ba aya it may ba daas for ira 
per cast It ■i|ht ban baaa dsat aa, bat if a laadlaid a«« 
withad to diaia hia Laad ha cannot do aa for taaa Ikan tsraa 
■It cast. ItnaaaoBla(thatillil«ad<nnhlIa,par Bsit. 
He laya that if yon lay down land la nasi, drala it, aad past I 
il through the lagnlsi eonfst. It wooli baraij pollabit; aad 
I think it would be well if aoas praelical (hneia trill ray if I 
this would bs tba raault with loas of ths slay laada tbsy hstt 
to deal wilh. I quits sgits with Um thtt with tbt pntaat I 
praotioe, with tha mljag pries of soiD, Ihaae poor day loada I 
•111 not pay tha faiBai to work ant the foar csnitaa. Tkalii 
aqaoBlioa which you ara now eallid upon to dttcatt | tad 
there are othai palnta to wbleh attaatlon miy ha toraad wilh 
groat profit in lafaiaBM ta tha kiad ot aacda yoa RMt^t to sow 
on ihii land. Mr. Hoftt noamveada two WioiAralet 
boilielt of potannlal ryagnat and Amr boabllt af iJonr. I 
believe, however, tbatttsay Isnaaia Ihiak that tbsy are latag 
anffleient ry^iaaa already, aad that thay wnld gtt taait bslh 
ofhayaidpaMoniflbtyuadHatn lyagtM*. H«w tUa 
nay aunr, 1 doal pmmt to Wf ) ftaf m potm Ar di*- 



rki by way of opaaiug iht dlwatiiea. ttr. Hebt baa 
sd hia aabjeet romatubly waU, aad haa prtMoadsd ptia- 
1 la BOBB of whioh wi ikall til girt oarnadyBaaantwilk- 
' i_BraiB yoor land wall, atoaa 



■abGoOgk 



THK PASHBR'S UAQAZINB. 



ri M nfttMm 0( IS*, pn MM tl top diMi- 

; Ho ; Bot to ncMd Kh. 
Hr. SiMnoH ; I hire bo hnbt It 1* ■ pnetJcal ngiotfoa 
ii ■»■■ an*, tad jon vltl Into oltfas kind olIudbgoKMi. 
H«Mfi joa Bogfet toipwd ULautcnnpoB tt brtopdno- 
ins (• Bu^ tl F^T- It ii I B<Mt impnttBt nggntion tf 
iuU^ bnt jM wddI adopt it wfthoot mil diKBtuDS. I an 
■tbrnt tkaw icnirkt emlj for tha pnrpoM of oMog dlten*- 
liiia. I [iraio cpinloo mjiglf; jron an font o«d jiidpi, 
Mr. HoBU wMld tt tmea Ncommwid that an anUe hiowr— 
tf or too aem— shoDid mdeaioai to gel a quarter of that 
iito rnaa. Itue la geonallj, be laja, attached to the hsme- 
■tnd^t*rin or aiitveD mn ol holm land ; be mean* mia- 
Ao«. Bat *hea hi adiind to cMrert all wa rooli intojtnii, 
bt did not tall ni *hat lort of l4ii<t the a^Tlce Khrred to, hnt 



"^ 



llb]F p 



a the B 



■>; then 



fnnd. It ia votthr of eg 

teanTert thit SOO acre 

■onld pajr to do n 

aUf kvpl *o. It cj 

tpakng vithoit hit book, for he hai fina erideoee of great 

iMj and izperienrc, and it ii qnite cieu be koovi what he 

iaibsoL It b cRtainlj rtrj dilScntt to pick holei in hla 

«, howiTCt pleuaot inch la opentioa might be. The 

Ckairaaa bu UaiEDed to me the dntj of opeoiDg the dlecae- 

rion, as that I ibonld find fanlt with him if I could. I think 

It 
I, and if ttii dub 
omM aolfa II, it will aonfW a great benelt npoa nnmBroua 
kadowBen, whom I ihonld ihnrtlr expect to pieMnt ai with 
a |ieia tl plala for haTisg diaconied f« then the leereL 

Hr. Horrif ; Ton inn Mid netUnf of tha thlatlei that 
imw ia th* hadgai. 
Ur. BiXMoR : BaeauH w« lie all tpteil abrat that. 
TkaTicB-CBAiBitAH; The lobject of cIcT land on At to 
ha man thoron(hly Teatllated. I nther eotndde with the 
Ticw dI Mr. SinuoD abont wbathei it wmtd be moie profl^ 
BbU «r not. ir I nadantvod Hr. Moffat atlffht he laid he 
nnld reeoeiaand the laf ing dowa lh« worat part ot the 200 
■DBa, land Bot worth nun than IGi. an icn. 
Ur. Momi : Tet. 

Tha Tice-CBAikltxK : It ii well hnowo that land at that 
fiiee eaoBOt be kept aader the plcni|;b with the piice of bud 
what it iiat prewat. Ur. UolTtt then lugpiiitathalitibould 
be (CBM — that it ihould be laid dean with weda. I tbink he 
ia ni|bt, but t ahonld like to know if it would coDliona to paj 
to be kapt in (Mat. If to, all Bkelton aid BroadBdd could 
be dooe dobf wiik adnutage ; hnt would thai laud knp ibeap 
aadjiddBptoUT irthit can he dam I hate do hcaitatioa 
ia HTiBK that it viU be much mora profitably (aimed than 
BBdar tba fkn^ I ilwnld like to kaow fioei Ur. Uoffat 
vkatLai be ia awua of aneh land barinc beeo laid down in 

.J 1 J .^^ pj^ (^, (^o„f aproit. 

_U rfpUei to Ui. Baakett't 
It I tbiak Tonriaaiatki wen 
nrj Hmeral i« to etlealatioiu. I thinL roB aientioDed 
BowarM Paatoia, 
Ur. ilarwxi : I did. 

7h» CbaibhjUI : Did job mtB to include that very wide 
didriet of thii part «( Cnabarlaiid which ia oounderad bj 
■uif to be CBpibla of iiaat iBpnTaaaut— BioadiMd F 
Ur.UorrAT: I did? 

The Cbaibuih : T aak the quaatloB, tor aone of the Biem- 
bm of tbii Clab are from that diitiiet, and if 500 did iBteod 
to lUa Ja to that diatrkt it ni|bt sake fonr ramaika sol oore 
pnoaal, bat ma* pnetioall; iatemling to Itacm, for all oiec 
Bmdbld I thiak it will be admitted then it more roam toi 
iBBTMoaeat than b ear otbti part of the diitiicL 

UcUorrAT: tni^Wto Hi. KaakettV qneilion whe- 
ther iaah tend aa be kaa lefemd to could ba praStablj 
wirted and oontinBed osder mir ajritan, I don't Beaa to 
OQi hen and tell lenllemen what the; are better able to 
jndge of Iban ow, bnt I Dier^T aobmit the propaaltiau for 
diafBilic, bBrioa mjaalf had piaotietl npeiienoa of it* 
"ttau. IbaTalBadiwtVDithl2>.UBen ; it W lain in 
r*Mfbctw«rtr7*>ni ud I lof-dnite4 tiat gnw^ tad it 



The Chaibban : Batar* Mr. HoSat npUei to Mr. Beakett'i 



5S; 



paid ne cent per cent. T onnat apeak tA a laige uteitt, 
bnt af practical expartonee maket me bellere that tha 
inferioraoru of land, it laid down pnperljr in gnu, woatd 
par : otherwla^ tba qoettlDn ariaw, how, If land wtll not 
~~j In put, it can tie expeotad to b« proStable worked 
lib cropping. I tiTt *'^*°^ 'Bt t^* I"' ^ '■'' '<■*<>> 
undned thoraaghly and propMl;, cleaned of aD obaoilona 
wtada, and put aaeds in. Dont go awBj Witb ^e Idea that 
without dnining the experJmtnt will ancceed. I tall joa 
tlut if three ooadltiaai ure atiended to it will ancceed; and 
I would adTJie the membrti of thi> CInb to try it, CTen 
though on lanKllaca'eatfirsii and if it doea not aiuwer, 
~ 111 admit 1 im wrong, and know BOlbiDH about it. At 



leikof « 



i I know 



olaewhere; and 1 do believe that if you lOp^lreiaBd yonf 
grau, in three ycai) jou would leitote it. and tbatjont 
animal! wonld do better, and ^ve jona mnch larger margin 
of profit. Look at nature iu itt prfmiliTo atate— there la 
no eulti ration there, and ^et yon bu grata growinf in il4 
original richnei* and luianance. Why, then, should nOt 
the landa referred to be brought back to that itato hy good 
trefttment F We manage om wheat crop; we manage for 
all other cropi ; and why ihould we not manage for oar 
eraea cropP One worthy Chairman has referred to Sowerbf. 



The ami (here ia one of thote ta 



I, releutire clayi, M 



pcrly cnltirited — „-., „- 

Eloughinfl — much wealtli may itill be obtaiued ou> ui lan 
md. Tul that hard clay "till" ii broken through joa 
need neTei CTpect to ancceed in cnltiraliog the land. And 
again, ■■ to BrotdSeld, I believe alio that If the land tbeia 
were properir drained it would pay, tinder jjood manage- 
ment; for though the loU ii not ao retentire ai that of 
Sowecbj,it is l^d which will grow a green crop, and green 
CTopiara the moat proHlable oropa that a tanner can thow 
enhlaland. Let it not b« miinndcrMood— I don't mtan 
patatoea: letitbe totn!pt,&od coniume umnehaiyou cad 
on tha gronnd with aheep. If yon do thla, 1 can pmnlta 
yonthit even on that land yon will ply your rent ererr 
year, and have tomethiac to lay ap for a laiuT day ai welL 

Her. J. SlKPaOK : There ie one Itlbjecl which yoo hart 
drawn attaatlon to which haa bnn forgotteti in the diacnc 
■ion, that ii aatnnm ploughing— ploagbing In Nawibn 
after jonr fkllow. 

The Vu:i-PaBaiDBNT : I wonder what Mr. NliAelioB^ 
opinion ii upon that bead; he hugot aiteam-plongh.and 
could till ni lomethlng worth hearlnjr. 

Mr. Nicholson : I hare certainty lietened with pltaann 
to the paper of Mr. Moffiit, who It an old fiiiind of mine. 
I bare kuowo him a long time, and hare hrard him let fail 
many tound and uniible remarki, hut I beg to differ tioiB 
him In lome things this (loo over. There are aeme at hla 
luggestiont that I should hare lurcelr thooght * man Of 
hli ige and eiperlence would hare introdneed. eepedallr fn 
the nineteenth coDtDrr. He wld be woUd taka tUe* 
packi of Italian rye giaai. 

Mr. HiRsirr: He i^d two. 

Hr. NtcHnLsoN : He laid three once ofer. 

Mr.HsBKnr: No; it wai hU &iend who aald throe. 

Mr. Moffat: I ihotild only recommend one on poor 
■olli. 

Mr. SxaotBon : When I began hrming, I tboeght \ 
did not aow enough rye-graae, but t aoon lannd 
that I wal miataken— that t lowed a good deal too mnoh | 
and with it that 1 lowad a good deal of filth that I nerer 
bargained for. My eiperieoce now 11 that the bert way la 
ded with it Ii to low rery aparingly of rye-graii, on olay 
land particularly. Bince I took ray preient farm I bare 
had experience in growing clorrr, and my admixture of 
olarei and Hade before I remore tham from the aeedimao'a 
coiti 18a. 6d. pel acre ; bnt [or thia t got S earlloada of 
hay, and twenty cowi bare gone on It ererf day for a fort- 
night tinee the crop waicnt. That vaa with M*d*, irith 
ail quarta of rye-grau. 

Mr.JaBBBoni What la the reft of them F 

Mr.NTCBDLaoN: Abent 14lbi oTelorer. 

Mr.MorraT: Wliat la the worth of that Uodf 

Mr. Nkibolboh : Why It auadi im in 4(h f»rwM%\ 

bnt I hare other land which atanda main 11a., whwa WBMt 

b grown, but it bat boen drained at •« BpeoBiaf £7 IDa. 

P««w,w6p«««rt.i9«»tlwwUv; i(l>ijitaOtMH^ 

? 3 



t»*d* of lini pot to* *t St. p«r ton. With thii mnd the 
Uxei JOD may malj inugioB that in the and it itaiidi ma 
iaaonthulla. Botuhirthit Und atSonrbrRsi 



THE FARUER-S MAOAZINB. 

ICt. HoQABTH : Tku JN wbul, it j«a eit Bat M 



nn ■; it mut 1h dmined uid limed. Yaa cunat drun it 
Ih lew thin £7 IOl in iciaj thit liji the nine np to 
■omeihiDf. Then then ii liming, and ten cirt-loaib of 






I, ud the top-dreeonc u wetL All then thiogi 

■dd to the price of the tend. 

Mr, MorriT : Before jon lit doim— 

Ur. Nicbouoh: BalilDpibit; I'rs t gooi ittl mon 
ta mj jet. Mr. Huketl hu nfarred to i labjeei which I 
■hoald like to iprsk ibont — u to the bieikiDg Dp «f the 
itrons eliT lind. and aboat m; hiTiag ■ ateun eultiietoi. 
M7 idei at Sonerbj; Ron ii that there are do loola there 
St for the vork required ; uo implementt eapablii of enlti- 
ntinz the uil ; their honei tit too weak, md the onlj 

\j thoj on Ret thronj(h the eliy moit be by the Bteem 

Dreia it well, plongh it Ian iochn ileep, and 

lun 1 Hill nndertike to aay that none of ui with iia liglit 
wiltmllheablatogrDw tnmips hair 10 well. Bnl (hii ii 
Dot wilhia the MOpe of the cominoD farmer. Lindlorilt 
KQit pnt thrii ibonlden to the wheel, aad get all then 
dOD*. One ileas pIoo^hioH ia worth throe ordinary hoiie 
yloughllin i bendei which yon are unable to opgige in any 
etker woilt when bonei are ploaghing, whioh ia not the 
cue with the cDlCirator. The eltam engla* does not want 
com nor reit, and it can go art continnDQily without stop- 
ping, till the voikiiSniihedi and it ii of grsat importaaca 
to yoo, that. I am qnite coanacod &ommy owd experience 
that the mDre iteem cnltiraton eio be wen the nore they 
will be need. Hy raea who woiied the gteam cnltiratoij 
wan of opialoB that it did mors work in one day thin con1d 
biTS bModone with the foni bat pair of honei npon any 

Mr. BiupsaH : Whit about NoTsmba ploughing I 
ilr. HonaT : Mr. NiAolun has Mated that ha dots not 
igrea with He is to tk* qosnlity of eeedi. i>d hw giren at 
IB iBttanee of the mnlt o( towiic a field with dorar-^od 
nlaad it lit. per aee. What I loggtstad, wai to ht dose 
with thi new of oonfertiig neh laid into pcnBineat puton, 
I fliid, howirar, ha planghi bii field out, ind pull it thnmgh 
Um regBlar conrttt The qutstloii I would uk him ii— Don 
helijthal lli.-fiddin penunentpsrtnre? [Ur. Nicholion: 
" Ko.'l Hf irgnment it to do iway with the plough and the 
harrow ia Cumberland md Wettnontand. I ihould bka to 
tea oBt-haU of what aio bow uied done iway with entirely. 
NatUag woild picass me mar* than to hear that ploagbad 
la^pall betlai than grata Imd; bat, if an* mtlemu an 
ibow me that, thai I wm admit that I know nolUag about 
biwig in CwBbariuid. If any gentlSBiB will show me 1 
fnatv pcoBt ucnnBK to ploagbtd land om grais, I am hms 
to ooorioUoo, and wQI nbBut; hot the tpecul ohjeH of my 
addrtatiBg yea to-da* i« to Uad yon to csuidar wbathtt 
bUow 0( plonching It tha man prattabk. Mr. Niefaohon 
tan ha ahoald like to wc landlords aaeittiBg tcnsnU by pro- 
euinf itsam ippiiatui to ipply to the work of tbt hrm. 
Bat, If we take tilhor Cumberliud or ffettmortliud, they 



__. Jtr the purpoH ? It miy iniwer iu 

n, inch at Mr. Nicbolion'i, where the ground will 
admit of tbeii application ; bnt,it yon go to BtMton, where 
a min hnt earned ont the lyilom it hie own eipenie. Ill be 
bonid ID iij thit he nererpud hii landlord (hie rither) obi 
ihilliag of rent. Tbe'mooey apeot npoa thii turn would hiit 
broken ill the lindlordt of CDmbertind. But the tenml hu 
a eapitsl landlord in hit faiberi and cKr; man who bni 1 
fitbcT for ■ liDdlord hia a (ood landlord. In ordinuy cMei, 
when rent-diy cocoes round, it ii eipeeted tbit the firmer 
ihonld ply hia rent ; tod, if he aaji. " I csn't pay ray rent," 
the landlord feila very lorry, ind lo doei hit igent, for we i^l 
wish partieoUrly to lee that done. 

Kr, NicaoLBoH : You friend, it BraytoD, bought hiiown 
•tnm appintni, and thit wai the rtaton wh; he wis not able 
to matt bis father 00 the reat-diy. 

ICr. HooABra : I don^ know that anyone eonld littsn to 
lUi dimtaioD without nining soma hBawladge; audit u 
*aiy proper to ban laeh diaaotaont. It ttaw, howaTar, 
Oat kr. HoOtt awl Hi. NkAolaoa an at TBriaaai ihwit 

Mr, HorFAT t Ikaft mjH" Tariaaee." 



Idr. HorvAT : Cmtiialy not. Bat that it not Iha word. 

Hr. HooABTH : Ont word about tha tap-diaaiing recoah 
mtndtd. Be would htfa the field top-drtaaed arary thiia 
jiart, at aOt, IB acre [Ui. U^it : " 2Ii. ■■ acta."], with two 
ewL of booee; aad thiit, witboBt tha eoit of ■pplieMioa,woaU 
oome to 2Sa. per aen. ThaeeBiaeoatidctttiona fix thareal: 
and tbt iheap are net kept yet. But wbit I wish lo draw 
attention to mainly ii not to ON nitrite of todi and gaiBS. 

Mr. HontT : 1 laid, nitrate ol loda and bonei. 

Mr. HoQABtH : I want jta to tiko the light manuiet lad 
the bouBi, and try to elicit lome informalion at to the rtnic 
hly own experiencB hu been (though 1 dealer in guano and 
booei ; and I id now 1 uier rery laicely of them)— i hart 
come to the opinion thst nitrate ot aodi sod guano ire rsb- 
ben of the toiL If you biTO no " mock," yon caoBot get it 
to pay ; lad, if jon baie not that rtsonrta, yon mutt go U 
the Ume-tbop; (or. without himyard mock, nitrate of lodl 
ud guano, thoogh rtry good lor aome thiage. will be bo un 
to yon in helinng yon to pay your rent to tiie and of your 

Hr.HoriAT: Tinggnted the topdreuing ones in Ihni 
yaan upon lb* pan i^a, or upon iny enli we inland gtomig 
ind katping ia pattnre. Uy friend, 11 1 gnino menhtnl, it 
he did not Bnd the aboi It, aeed not here pnt it on, asd Ihtn 
it would not hara piaehed him. Ha nyi that nittata ot todl 
aad gnuo are * robbers )" lud yet nitrate of aoda, with boai^ 
will produoe as ibBadnm of gtatt that would astoeiab [n* 
men if ther wonld ooly try the eiptrimeit. 1 west the other 
dey to nine 1 brm at Barton Hall. Tbeta wae a field with 
a iprisg in it, ind w I called it the " pool-field," the taut 
hieing no nimi far it. I told him I wii quite lataoiihsd that 
the laid ihould hue inch in eicelleDt crop of graai. "Ijtt 
ynr," he laid, " it did not eury fire milch eowi. Tliii yen 
it hat fid (it wii a ttreB-aci* field) eight tukh eowt tad 
three holli." The ulna of tbit land wu 32i. per acre ; Mid 
I naTtr wu non itiuck in my life tkaal waswitkthesppcu- 
inca of that orop ol grau. I aikad the bimer whet he put 
«. He laid, " Oie ewt. of nitnte of toda, and two cwt. a( 
bonet \ and lae whit it hit produced." 1 wiah every finaer 
knew how to manage bit grtas luid in the time way. I don't 
coma here to uy thst I tm wiser than yoa, or can manage a 
firm better. All I want (0 do it to endctionr to lecnre toat 
impTDTSment in the eDltirition of yonr Enii lacida ; and, if 1 
could throw out any hint thit miy be niefal to the nuDtxrt 
of thit dub, Ihit ii ill I lot* for. Ur. Hogarth iiyi I ban 
not tntwerid Ur. Hetkitt'i quMtion. ParhiptQat; bnti 
would adriw ny ftiendt to try the eneriment for 1 taw ytoit, 
aren on a maU loale, and, if ibty don't tee the idnatigm, 
they miy let ma down u knowing nothing about it. I^d- 
lordi and taninli in niliug in oae boat; and it ia a gnat 
EOnitderadan for nary landlord lad Itaint, if their final irt 
to be msda to pay, thit thue rnlMen should h« nndcntsed. 
Let me tell yni that no man wilt pnnpar if he bnngers hit 
land. He cannot tipeet to pndwt aBytUag nBlaia be pnU 
something in it. ia theie inteior laadt, nalaat yon do to, you 
will eertainly get nothing ; whilit, if you tiBtuiagi 1MB 
fiirly, yon will get cent, pat oant 00 nor outlay. 

Mr. LancaiTiB uid: ft ia with due iltfiimiflci to Ur. 
Moffit thtt I riH to addna tbii meetiog ; and I thaak him 
for hit ietrodoetory remarki. I cannot uy that my newt 
allDgeltaer agree with the didactic part of hit oburtatioai) 
yet. npon the whole, the paper he hia read ia calcnlatad Bot 
only to cdifj the mcmbtri of this dub, but alio, through 
tbe medium ot the prtsi. tbe whole of the firming coamnaity 
in thit locality. 1 am sorr}' I onnot tprik from eipnince at 
to the belt mode of mioigiDg all elawei of arable amla. Tha 
firm I occupy it of a porona nstnre, Tarying from s COUM 
palpable nod to that of a friable loam. I baea bad Ireijuiat 
opportnnitiei of eititiug firmen who in occnpiinof argS- 
iiceoni loilt. CauK^uantly, from tha infbnaition I leceired 
from ttia hoideii, ind my own ohnrrationi, I may ban gtiaed 
1 little theoretical kBowladge, It ippeatt to ma that, ta 
nttoie nhinitcd toil iptamly toitt 1' — ' --^^'^ — <--• 
erei luy ba lit natora or charBrter, nq, 

1 _.__._.__ __ ^ j^j paitof tha fbrmtr. 

1— (haotbi 




eapital. Tariou are 




THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 

H thtt 



.... _. . . __ . Ji £8 pn MR Bigfat bt 

nplajH to limtf* Dp«a cMd igili. It ii thj will 

knsn to all pnctinl btB«t iW it ii tUtotiillT ry 

la batTs tha Mril «dl pnlnriicd *dj eaaigUdUwC vUefa is- 
•ohts wiiJwtbte M«t (iH BaehuiMd pi>*«i, w that I B«id 
HC •BtCT iito Alfa. I qnita igna mtb Mr, HoAl u to 
the deimebon o( all olnaiiimi vtcdt, aid Um cUanuDg el 
li(d{B-ron u well u ot putun* ; annUMlni, 1 nn of opi- 
awD Hut too mnch dioiiit i> npeiidtd hj lonw hnntn in 
cDttiDc dowD BBd Buting twtij froBi tbeic putniH twileh uid 
atbtt ■ntnlioa* wcadi. I ■4i told a monlb igo bj Hr. Hft- 
kitt thai if he wat Dot to cut off hii twilcb md olhir vcidi 
111 tlumld oooB b< nuBoJ. Ona of mjr pndeeciwin («ha 

IS.000 bth^d hiiB. 
Ur. Ubiixt : I bop« jan ban lonnd it. (lAOgbtir). 
llr. liincABTBR t I am uarj to nj Ihit it ba did teiva 

nie I lufbt haie found ii. He tmplored thirti bindi at ■ 
tise pickmr and bnniDf Iwileb at a nry Jttft npcaditara 
td moiitr, dariag tba laBawt moBthi, ean7ing on a inr al 
titsiqiDatioB Uka Snot Patrick vitli (ha toadi jo Irrbud ; 
bat it appon that the fumci'a wuTaT 
atttsded with tb« aims aocxMa aa tba holy ratbir'a nld 
Pat twitebad tba toadi to Mi» porpoaa, 
tbcm antiral7 ; wbanaa the (aner, whan ba 
aad afua, found that tba waad bad MMaa op 
ik and laxanaat aa anr. Tba mall wia thai at 
> jraan' iaetiMnt G(bt,thi twitcb kept tba 
Euioar hiad bach to Soottaod, whan ba eama 
wmpiad that (ana foi atraa-aid-twaDl; jtan, 
•ad, with tha aacaptioa of tba Int aaroi jean o( mj ooeu- 
yutj, I don't think thtt it haa coat me 10a. par aDanm to 
Kk twitch and rapa ae«d, and I am not qaitB"niincd''7tl, 
Mr. HcAet. It will b« tilu enovKb to kaook nnder when I 
Itm tke Itid of battle : it ma; ba tbai tiriteh may yet pn 
■a a broadaider, and that I may bava to amsaiBb like ai; 
pndmaer. HoweTar, ha Ibia aa it maj, in my opinion tba 
beat waj to keep twiub nodei ia to ploojib, hacrow, and to 
»■ Ib thw prop*! aaaaoni, and, aboie ill, to give a proper 
•ad adcqnata anppl; of (titiliiera, in oidtt ta aieure i;ood 
aofa. BhI i( tba hrmer doea oat arcitre good cropa, thea 
Inlehud otbar puniciona wceda prodommtta. Tbii ii an 
tKTiiatale Uweoaaaclfd with Natnra. Aa it reitarda tbe 
ekaauEal proeaaa wbidi J haia illadad to, Ihia Nature will 
perfgni hciaelf. in bar dwb laboraloiy, foramad bj ba own 
ttM it lawa : bnt it ia left to tha larmar lo aopplj her witb 
a T«per eqnilibiiaB of eleoanto in tbe ibapa ol rartiliaara. 
Ab>I ibe man that attuna to tbe kaowladge ot tba pnipar 
rngilmitDla of Nature, in tbia point ef view, mtj ba lerBied a 
KicBiife teuer, or a man that ia aaattr of kia prataaaiOB. 
Dariag tba Uat twentj jeara a great ebanga has been Uking 
^m in tbe agriealtnnl worid ; it baa been a period of traa- 
■tian I wa bare bran Biged b; the profnion of ehemiitij to 
bjBVarimnIa, and to tcj again. We hare dona ao; aad 
Um raaolt haa haan altonaU failur, seeuai, and failo re again ; 
<oaaeqocatl(, wa hare aiperiaaced, to onr moitifioittoD, great 
lawti ; lad it vonld be rary well indeed if tbia Clab woold 
Brin at aoiDa daflaito oonclnaion aa lo Ibe beat mode of 
•uBapBg anblo (armi. When Iiit giaoo war imported into 
tkiacnutry tha farmer waa ao elated with the aaceciirai 
nHlli wbieh it prndnced that it bicaut quite a protcib Ibal 

■Inage to aay, when it «>■ applied again (o the 
>iM ml, it wai not aoeompaaied witb the aame 
■Kxaii and tha third tiae, it vat a compartlira fulure. 
Ike laiaa may be aaid ot all goaooa tad Britiab 
lotiliiCTa. differiBg only in Ihia.— that they ware tiot ao 
•aeenifal on Ibe firet application. The farmer, from 

Id IroBiAt ii 
■■■-'--- r of 1 

Wh] 

txra entoad toto 



} tbe market thtt enable him to keep op 
I aoi! without tbe aid of farm^rard luuinre, 
_ and wherefore, I aerer jet hare beard it 
•Kittajlorilj eiplained. I fnlly expected Mr. Moflbt woold 
1 exposition of hla viewt npon Ihia 



head, ta I think It oonitltntei tha otrdlnal point Fma a 
earetiil obaenallan of natore, and oompiting the reaolt 
witb the worka of learned profeaaionalman, I bare ren- 
laird to form aa opinion of my own aa to the " why and 
the wberefore,'' which 1 have no objeotion loeabmttto 
thia olnb, not in the belief that it will edlfr thememben 
to any aouaiderableeitcnt, bat that it mar elioit the opinion 
of oUiera, and eioite the eloqnenoe of the learned. Wa 
are told by tha anolyal that goano poaaeaaei Ibe aama fer- 
tUiiiag CDQttilaeDt* la it did when firat impoii«d (and wa 
bars no right toimpngn the TertBitjofhiattalemeut) ; I 
oak, Iheii, why it gQBDo attended with alteniita anoeeaa and 
failnrt? It appeart to me that it erenlnatea &om Uie 
peCDliar Itna of atSoity — tbe ailioBtei having atrong 
aSuitv roribe bitpt, ha I b organic and ioorgaiiio. Thare 
are TsriDu* kinds of liUcttat j fot instance, ihoae of lima, 
magneelB, and pataah ; but when I nae the term " aUi- 
eates," I mean theailioatea oralnminnm, or, in plain tarma, 
aand or clay. M; opinion i> that tbe element ol alomlanin 
haa tbr^ ttrongeet aSlDitj far ailiea, and that they unite ac- 
cording to their Telaiive equiTtlent. It it then oollad a 
eilicttp, and has a strong affiniljr forthebaaea; forinirtanoai 
it will Ukj hold of the alkaline baae aoda, and enter Into 
oombinaiioa with tlm same ; and while in thia elate there 
(all from the atmotphera that can carry 



way. lint 



I appliei 



replace the anda, 
nhieb eipotei it lo be drained away witb tbe water. Then, 
again, magneaia will replace the lime, and thia, in mj 
opinion, ii the reaton wh} Ihe coagneiian Umeatone it not 
ao ralaable as the oarhonioeoDs alone in an agricullnral 
point of view. Magneaia is a dangerona fertilizer to appjf 
In large qoanlitiea ; potaah alill nrnrs ao, aa it will replace 
magnetiti and, lastly, tbe Tery pecaliar organio baae 
ammonia will replace the whole inorganic baaea, and form 
a doabla-iilicato of ammonia. Farm-yard manore bat a 
large percentage of potash in iU osmpoaition. Pemrian 
gnano it very mneh deScient in Ihia alkaline, and the aame 
may be said of bones, at theji oontain only a trace of Ihit 
TOry ntefal bate. During a lengthened period of time 
farm-yard mannre waa the only fertilizer, probtbl; to to 
■peak, that tbe fanner applied to hie soil, and Ibia mauurr, 
containing a lai^ amoonl of potaeb, became incorporated 
with tbe aoil, aa that it might be termed a doable-tiUcito 
of potiah. Yon will reiy readily conceire what ia now 
' ' " guaao, wliieh, at I have alreadj ai " 



contains little polath, it his in its com 
all, or the oiher fertiliiing coaslitnc 



and all, 01 



eariy 



i; had there been 



itrj, tbey were Teiy fir 

■ ,nmmHrsits«ppli, 

rlib ibe tame sat 

aay tboae large crops 



inirea. The 
available for 



Now, 



ionei, in tbe ebape of cereals, which contain a large 
amonni oF potaih, and, calcaliting upon gnano being all 
that la required aa fertiliiera, doea not apply rarm-yard 
Biannrt; conHqaently, li i> nitoral to think that potash ia 
not latnraed Id infflcirnt qaaatily. Hence, tbe aeeond appH- 
ealion of gnano to the tame aoil was aecemnaniad with tata 
euceeai; and a repetition (lor the filrd time) of Ihia node of 
BanagemoBt, it ia hardly naeaa aa ry to aaj, wta a eoBipantiva 
fadaiw. ^Mai that it dsilitnte of potatb eanaot be raatored 
to ill natoral fertility wilh bonai ; contsqneBtly, what nntt 
the farmer do ? Huit he, too, abaadoa tbe nae of bones and 



paiatire faiisn. For inatanee, if twenty tone were applied to 
tbe acre, in the mentb of Jane, and Ihera eaaa a nry heavy 
fall of rain in July. Ibe lilieatat bdda large amoontof potaik 
that ia alw eonlained in the uaDnra, andlt may be tha aag- 
neaia; bat tbe other bataa are eairied away in the anlalioa 
with the water. The er^, after tbii, tiaomea a aieklj appear- 
ance : and tbe (amer alwtya poieta to that wet day (S tha 
eaue of tba eanparalira Eailnia of bia oop ; wberMa, i( ha 
had had a pnpM aqiOibrioB tt fMliaen, Iha nia ndgU, to 
CfttiidenMil,h«T*dowr>od. Or, bad tt bcv > hi loa. 



_ ,1b, Google 



THB FARMEa*B UAGAZU4B. 




MVifol to pat an jtimg olUl*: OkMUN 

a*lire> wa M tuJ in Ih* mwkeU to llu 
Dugiit bi k*pt fur 



.»» sat. it PwnriH guno, »• it ii 

MMt !■>(«««• la iprlj > lut< qautity •( aoimoiiia la tu 
Md. And II Ik* aKhiniaal orwMi«u at thi ml ud ihi 
Hum ht ptofrij Uimittl to, 1 aili pMga «r wwd itau 

MI tmn aalal n*M k will ba MtHiUd vith "- 

pofoaiMiK I *<M>ld noM 

■■oin, in aat. si bga* 

AiHnt ud uiiviU, i 

•H*rt In tkiM wj pHuh 

ikdL Then, ><*^t villi n|Bra w iijia 

n (nUlf dcftudi apaa Ita gHlafpnl 



o( Pirntin faMK) la 
rhiili baiBa all haau 



-dlad 

_ .D grui, would b* U U; it dowm ta wula. Abaal 
■ Taan IfO, at (ka aoffaMiaa at ■ j landlud (Sii Oaorga 
MaafHTa), I laid aM raiatiOB at M7 hrai dswa— Ibal vbicl 
wu baat adapted far gfaM) and ba hiadl; parsiUad aa to 
Baa^a tha natal tka hna aadtr tka tn jaui' aji — 
whtak mada baa aoavarad rar; will. Tamlan, I * 
MeoBsaad (hat tba but mil ba laid down tairaH. lat „ 
tht^ mj aaaad Jadgmaat But ba eieniiid, (iwudid upon 

MBBaaianra ta Iba laniM, and aln Ibit aUeb will Mt. I 
wosld lUaacI; Taaomnsnd tha In-eoaiaa ■rMam ta ba 
adopted, uota aapceullf at tha araUa land would tbaii 
emaiil crflhe inferiur Boili, Vint oala, then t 
barlej or oala, and two jean grtua; and 
carelal nerer to omit in an^ oae yoir iha lop-drcising of 
tha aaedj. I am aot a boliater in thi: dodlriDOS of Ur. 
HacU, aa it regarda tha KiTing of ailoake to anioiBla at 
graia apoo olajej loila. If yoa wsra la laj haaT]| aattla 
wpon jonr pHlorai aod faadthem wlih Dllnaks, aad it were 
to eooie a beaTjr fall of rain, }oa would find that tha mo- 
ahanlcal oparailoii, of iho traadiog ol the Battle apon the 
laod.woald aet Terf prejitdiciallj to joDrinteteiia, eonaoli- 
dailDg the toil fkr too mooh. Oira fertitiaora in afiing — 
aar 'J Bwla. of Faravian guano — and iMa will prove a pnl- 
feiiaar alao) than the laaolt will be tbat ;tni will hare a 
lioli and loxoiiant enip of graaa in tha month of May. Be 









_ Xbaaa 

jaUi iben sold ta the drj^nd fannaTi 
~'.lia, ia otdac ta DoaaoUJaia hii 



jaally to tlie iuluvata of iba aaudj U 
known thai it aaeitia in kaspiog up Uie balaoae of power in 
Iba graHOt. Indeed, I don't know tiow manj cooaiden- 
tioni apply to tha (aimei; faimera oogbt ta ba gaologiat 
Qhemiala, and lawjera, aa wall ai agcioaltDiu' ■ • - •- 
ongbt to ba ararjlbing. 

Tha Bar. J. SiMrsoM then mored tba thaaka o 
meeilng to Mi. Hoffal for bia tbt} intareaiing laoton 
ha DDuU hiTill; ramember ■ more laluabla diaeoaai 
auj tima than had arlaen upon it. Mr. NicholaoD'a rai 
hati bean eiBeadinglj appiioabla. and he knew how ta 
Ihej wars frotn hii own aipsrience. They might no 1 
waj be&iralhajlouadiBBdcropiaoluiuiiintaiU 
•OH'a. Ua waa glaJ, too, lo find by Hi. X^anuaiai 
drvaa, that fannen wvra at length turoiog their attcuuwi w 
BcienLiflcbrming, andhe wa>aurBlhataiau;oflbem ■aold 
beindneedio apply ihaBaaiTtawiihBreatci diligence to tha 
aubjeetby Mi. llanciater'i lanurka. 

The Vica-CaajsMui aaeanded [he iota of tluuilu. 
Tha CutiHiUN, in putiing It. made soma conplimantHJ 
remarki, and atid tha Clab ware greallj indebted to Mr. 
Moflai, not only la hli iuletaa^ng lecture, but alao for the 
Talualde UiiDuauoa it had gliea riae to. Ha agreed with a 
(teat deal Ur. MoSat bad aaid npon tha enidTaiiun of 
giaaaeAt beeauaa it vai a aubjecL he had inquired into him- 
aoif, though he aould not of eonraa go into praoLioal detaila- 
He would, however, recommend iheattaniionoCtherarmera 
at that diatrict. and indeed of the whole coonty, lo tMi dia- 
cDuioQ, and he had do doabt the prow wunld afford Ibom 
ample opparlaaitj by doing full justice the occuioa ; and 
he would aak the inembare to lay by the copy ol the paper 
thai caotaioed the report, and in tha meanwhile put down 
the highett price they gat for their caltlc and the price fui 
Ibeir corn. Whin tbej oonw to read the diicnaaion three 
jeara haaca, thej would hara been able to arrlTe at a aalia- 
FacIocT coDoluaiun whether it wai moie proSUbla t« iacreaae 
the quantity of wheat or of wao). 

The Tola haTing been paaaed by aaolamilioD, Mr. UoSU 
aeknowledgad tha oompliment, Dbaerring that ba waa qnit* 
aaliaAed hu ramarka iraald pnre like bread eaat span lbs 
witara, wUsb wonld latnm nuuiy i*j» kaoie- 



OILCAKE FEEDING. 



BiK,— I bna baM ■ good laal asiued 

Mto aii k ad at Ike knbbah craatad by My raauika in CanlMT- 
iMd aboBt oilaaka laeding. A> I am pBrtiaalai in aj hwM, I 
vill repeat alnriy ■} atalaaaat, and tkea aadaaraai to o*d- 
liaae iij bwt b ar agrianUiuiata that Ikay ought not to ba 
■ li ke d at tboa* atataaaatii baoioa*, it (hey ari, it 
■raw to BB that tkej da aot Mdaialawl ■• waU aa ika 
HocMk aad Liaeolnikiia Cmaa tha ekeipert aad neat 
•Caeiiie Bad* o( Maintaiaiw at iaimiiM tka hnilit* of 
thatianU. I au eaid] - " ' " 



a aad da likaviaa— to held 
MM lead, and pat mace iato it. But let ■> leak at it aa a 
Baaaang qsaaltaa, aad *a naad a* lai^r doahl the wi«laa 
«f MV Nai 4elk aad liaeola (naada. An ay brethar-ftrman 
■awe that Bcny good pfaelkal ma* maun Ikaii laod with 
aaka (aapa aad atkai aorta), pkaaghiiv la 10 W IB awL par 
taiar New tbaia ia 1 gMit aumm that eaaay braiB ikoald 
MBaakai, thai afeiy lagataUa pradoaliaa paya battv la bad 
tiaalaplBwhia: tkia kolda good fawa a Ud et iieao rape 
«• nata ta a Bak if kailqr at a tea •( take. Tba iMiaB n 
•kiiaaa TbahUatiagaBBaaLalikanfjbulalfomlkBlaed, 
■>d Iba luUa, «bMI aoBfaitad iaia Baw, aMta M Td. per lb., 
w BbeU £fii pK too, althaagh iB aicaauu tia laaUy not 
iBbiMkaUyMMfilaabUtkHtha «ak« at £10pM!ten(iM 




dianioa] analyiii : lUih eontona TT par ee __ 

only 7 per eeot.). Whan I hear a man eomplaiDing o( kaa by 
farming, I aak him "how mach ia yontgrou produca pv 
acre ? and if I find it inall, I at one* aadantand Ike eaan 
of hla complaining. I eic^, of coaraa, Bdnirae aiat oa *, of 
■ ■ ' hitalj bad three, duriog w' ' ' ■" ----' 



hia been loat bj faimera. Speatmg, hoi 



n in prodnca iedlcalei DnpiwU- 
able (aiming. Tba'gniaa prodnca of the kingdom u atatad by 
Laiacna and othai authoiiliea to bi Only £3 12a. pet acre, or 
about 3} reuta ; and I haTS now borora me a ba h aee i baat tt a 
large faim, which lail year (1862] did BOl pndaea £> par acte, 
>nd which ahowed a eoniiduabla loii. Howeret poor tha 
fiio may ba nitnially, the gnai ptodece ougkt lo M made 
£1 per acre, and if much putchned food la Died, crea up to 
£L1 to £11 per acre. It ii etiy lo Dndentaad that the flied 

Siii-eeDtige ol ehargea Ibi i«nt, tliha, libout and horaa- 
iboor ii eoniidciab^ dlainlahed by a laiga tetnm. Tbo 
Noifolk, lincola, aad other good [■rmaranndaritandthia wbD. 
and "foia" foi large Deat-maLing and Binaic-making, by 
purcbaaing and aenaniniag food breiLght on to the farm, to 
laalon tha reiUlity takeu away ia tka wbeat and barley ciopa 
laid. Tuia it what makat NoifoIk tad Liaealnakiie tka ocat 
Loiidoo. The SnithWd ntoini con- 



WeU, I 






■ucb, I w 



db, Google 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



W 



TM, W Mi MJ thtt tki bmMi wilh whoa I oocMJoiiilly 
i»oeiil« ia th«M diitrieU u* " practinl mn," liTing h; 
thar bunoi, and I mMj ufilj uj knssiiiK wall ulimt thcj 
■n ihtnt, A faa rran n^. ay friend Ui, John HuJwn, a( 
Cud* A,ai^ Wnt Norfolk, m* dririnf me bum Ljnn tn bii 
ksoM, ud I M« in tba rotd tbirtr-lTi gnal Aii-jeu-old 
DnMU, ■* bt H munr sc ••• in the >lii>ir at Chiiitmu. I 
■M, - ITbrt aitnciidiiurT boUoeki I" Tail wu la Jnlj. 
* Wan,- ka Mid, " thna tia miM ; kdt I did not intend that 
foB ikrald aai tkan aalS tv-nona*." I uid, * Ho* m 
na faidinf tkaa V Ha repind, " Ttac; wan irorkinc bul- 
lacki; ud atM tbaf had pnt In Bf SOO uin o! birlar, I 
tapa with SIha. af lioNad saka a daf.anitfradaiUf inataaanl 
tb«r aUoaaaea ; Onj an no- aatias aOlbi. si aaka ■ diT-* 
I Md, " What do tbar hafa bauda P" " Walt" ha i^d, 
'whal Ikaj Uka on Ua putoia and In Iha judi j bat tha; 
mt eat a (not daal baaidu tba cika." Lut yaar, in a 
napuif of laman, I aikad, * How ia trind Uudion ficdlag 

hanu; tha; irt 3flha.Bf aaka a di;, half a paak af baan 
Mai, aad what haj aad lonlpa Ihaj Uka to aat." A farnar 
fnant (He. Fallal) aaid, "I onaa (ad ■ lat af gnat Lmaola 
hoM an eaka and rtiaw ; thay aetanllj at lait ata 2Slh>. of 
aka Mch par daf." Ditcoaiiai, so tha aama oaeaaloa, tha 
paatitT at ttaak nada par aan, Hr. I4adi, ana sf tba earn- 

Kr> waa poiatad tot ai .na ol tha (tnalaat maat-nuk«n in 
Mkiud onaaqwrjItonBdMnlaspiuabaaad, oaafan 
rfl^UOncn^ tmaMOtoHOMnoTliaMMlaikBpBraaBDB, 
TnfeaUr«Beaatat£l,B00t*£MO(>paf aaomg. "Somo- 
tiaaa,' ha odd, ' I loaa, ud laaetina* I gain b; It ; bat tha 
tMi oapi alwaja IMI tba aSaM ol iL" A^aia, Hr. Uadaon 
laid B* thai, dBrinf hi* Ions tanara (IS to SO jsati] at a 
bia af 1,100 vam, ha bad aipandad £70,001 in eaka, and 
m.OOO la BrtiBdal nannna; nod, u ba }oniU(lj aaid to 
b laadlad. "na top or ^oofkad mU ii miaa ; 1 mai4 It; 
tha nhaaU h*mf to ro« lordihip." Now, tii, thaw wiaa 
■d iiaaaahl imo kaow qnita wall IhU mail cropa on load 
MBilIf poav aad Ihia woat paj, and thaj go in far craa- 



M! 



, a, MUg ea Mr. Hndann'i lann 8 

wbait itacka, froB • 40-aar« Md— tba produaa 8^ qniilui 
paracra. Thia eaoa of rtafllag, and tha laaa aa the caka wia 
mida up br tba iaaraaM In tba com. On tha ardloiry 
"tnadaaddiaaa* ud no aaka" pttauipla, tba uiDral nop 
•t that Oil loil wooU pnbaUj' ban baan 4 qnartan par aoa. 
Km* feraara duH tmnMa thanaalTaa aboni tha aniiaali' 
dlgaMiaa ; tkaj wul tba aka in tba lud, and tba; know that 

'- -- 'la to paaa It tbroagb tba anlouU tban to 

tha MiU. Paapla who Jaar ^toot 30lbi. 
ir triad what u anlnil will aaL It li no 
r (br DiT hi abaaa an alorei to aat 3lba. of 
Uah la aqoal to IS or ISlbi. he a bollock. 
Ofuina tbaj niut ban watai to drink. I kaov ot i eaia 
b a; own ematj wbaia a eow, hiring got aeeeai doriag tha 
n(kt ta tha oUeake bin, at* SS eaka, or man than lUlba, 
HfhiiBd va* alaimadlbrlbaDOw, but ihe caitlad itoffierjr 
nafwtaUr. Vhira It no aUitaki aboal it : maj a poor 
hra that hi now oopraltaUa misht be raodered remuoeratiio 
tj Uia abudut aonnnptlon of cake. I know a ctat whan 
uU ■ Bald o( Maa wai fiildad with tbeap eating cakt, and the 
•thir half whta abaap aatbg aam, of tba una oott. The caka 
■d(,f* tba foOonDg bul*;, prodneed 2 qoattan par acra 
Men thu ibK Bon.hd aid*. Thie wa> not far fron m; 
I lat m; "oncahed" fciming Iritndi 



. . < improra tha oonditian of 

IMr braaeha* poahal*. Ifanj (hrntn ua not awira that 
wha Off baia rina to ibair bullock 8 baehali of roila, 
ni(Uaa tMlba, ha bu bad oal; isrba. of dr; food miiad 
■itt ll| nllooa at oaid walei — rerj cold Indeed la teran 
*>>thar. nia ISht, ot iij food ii poor in aalritiia and 
■wuW Battat, eaaparad with ailcaka, tor It entaina a larga 
JiuClt; at waodf Ibra (aaa eampaiatita analjili) ; tbarafora, 
" I lira Bj aninid IRh*. of good caka (whteb, ramaaber, !■ 
* eeefced aad writ-preptnd aabataaca), I ban albnled It a 
mA bettar OaDor Aaa tba Istaip Baal, anl tba minora it- 
MUag boB lb* cak* la Back liehei bod Bvca Ittdog, aad 
*IB na* a laifat ratnm In tha eora crop, or aaf olher to 
nitbltaurbauplM. Ofcanaathacd^faduiMalwaahi, 
tti|liiMnlH(l.)wn«NMtoilmr,Nid wmHtlMbaTa 



watar, of which I will ptomiM jo« b« wOl drink lau tbaa IS} 
galloiu in cold weatbar. 

Wa all firm too maah land, and ao complain ot wut ot 
capitaL Sipuiaaea taaebta sc that our aoltiTation ia too 
ahallaw, oar niaaia too little, and our produca too amaU. 
No man eietrninad hii root and giotn eNpi bf filling the 
land to tha depth of a (aat with good 01 "" " ' 



uid iboat i " enmmar ;" 



Depend a 



w70 



DtW 



, ludtardi and te „., _ 

ore pmBlabli, Oar tillage It miearablrabiUsw — not deeper 
lan a common wina-glnu. M; practice ind adtioa ia, 
■ Break np toui land rerj daap in dij wailber. Don't being 
tha bad idiI to tba top, bat lat one ^oogh fallow nnder tha 
other, aad pat on pleatT ol muar*, nod ao grow aa Blny 
root! and aa mach corn on one aen ai joo wonid b; ordiaarjr 
eultiittion oo two acru." Thii ie mj adiicej but, being 
" gratli," C fear it mav not ba anfleieatly appreclited. 
TVplree HaU, .Vnernirr, 1S63. J. J. UacBi. 

P.a.—I fiad, nn makia^ ap bij lira ttock acaeant aBBaallj, 
that, aller paying froa £EOD to £700 for pnnhaaad foad, I 
gal (tom £S to £S per acra for ay green and root nope. The 
■awaga irrigition hdpa ma oa bt Italian rje^graia, ud ar 
ilock ooaiuma (out np and ilaaaed) all mj bun rtraw, aad 
naeh of aj gr^n atraw. I bira rauwa to beliata that thii 
it a aora fiTourabla ninll thin it geaeMll; ahtaiaed wl 
nncb pnrchaaad food ia uiad. 
ncighboar, who farsi 310 ai. 
dttioad, bai jnit aalled, aad eifa ha toaai £ 
On my aikiog him ai to hia lira alack, ha eajrt ha hu t eowe 
and 10 piga. Uow can ootn be grown witboaC aaaor* f On 
mr OVB farm, which ii oal)' 170 acia^ I bare naarl)> 70 head 
of builoeh, oow, aad aall itook, aad lOO itaaap, haaidM piga. 
Unfaituaatalj, I know of andlew aaita rimilai to nf naigh- 
boor'a.— 1 ban juit raturaad froa Cambndgaa b iia, and lad 
tha bait faiaian ihara oung gnat qnaotitiaa ol aaha ud aaal 



SALE OF MR. LONGLAND'S SHORT- 
HORNS. 

On Tbondaj, Kor. 30, the ahorthom hard of Mr. Jamee 
IfOngland, of Uroadou, North amp lonahiro, ware anbmiilad 
to poblia compotition by Mr. U. Bamtt, aQi:liunBer, of 
Northimploa. Tba well-known blood and chaiaoUr of 
the calLle draw together a large atlendanoe of breedara and 
agricuituiieii Trom that aoi the a4ji>iniug coantiea. Nor 
wera iliej Jiaappointed : tha Blue, eyoiinaLry, and eicallent 
uiialilj of Iho herd elicited many commeodationa, while 
the hunouralsle oiaaaer in which the lale waa condaDtad 
ontailad great ciaditon allcaiicerned. 

The herd coniieted af2AfeinaIea and 4 balls, nod the 
■um tealiied fui the 20 was 710 guiaeu, or witbin a fraa- 
lionof£^01i3a.pecheidi eeven diiry cowa and heifeia, 
eight tat cuira and eleven ytfBrlm([ eteen were also aold ; ao 
that the lale pradnceJ in all £l,:i4a 13a. 

The femalea weio nearly all deecended from the berdi 
of the lale Eirl Spencer, Mr. lioidao, of Hjning, ud Mr. 
Kubiniuo, of Clifloa Paaturoa ; the latter genUeman's bulls 
havina been priocipally nead bj llr, Looglaad. Tbehigheat 
price waa QO ga, for Crinoline, by Aarun Sraiih (12331), 
parohaaedby Mi. OliTer.ofSholebroke Lodge 1 and the next 
U goineaa, for Daisy, bj Colonel Toanelar'a Hogarth 
(13030), bought by the Kat. J. Blorfr, HBllidoiL Thin 

fenlleman alao purehoMd &io olhera. Mr. Simmona 
iceul for the Rev. C. W. Holbeck,FarDbQrDngh Hall) ; Mr, 
ChipmiQ, WhitKeU, Mr. DaTiaon, Eialon Meadit Mr. 
Adcook (Farodish) Mr, LacaifWeedon Loage), Mr.Mark- 
h^ ml North iniptoii), &o.,wore nleo cooaiderable purchaier* 
The flue old ball Hayman (10345), weighing 23 cwt., 
was lold fur 10 gnineaa : Field Prince, bred by Mr, Jddu 
Webb, for 38 gnineu, and two buU cftlreafor 33 aiidSD 
goiueM trespeotirely. 



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THE PARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



SUBSOILING LAND BY STEAM 

itunllj oc irtifi- 



lafitlin tithu bf nWr, fcrrusinoDi, oc othar ifuti, then ia 
natbini tlut tAf) 111* ludloTd or lb lenut belter thu lab- 
•oUiDf . In tbfl khicDCf of eficicot diAluige, faowoTCT, it ii 
■boot oaa of the wildgit dreBnii inimgiiiftbk, olten dsiDgmDch 
non hum thia sood. Ai ■ pliia qucition of bet. tnbioiliog 
ii DtiUiti mora oor l«i tbui * •prcioi of dmuiig) in lil cuei 
irh«e it prOTM bniidal, Juil •■ ttaorouiih dcaiDUi ii ■ kiod 
of ■«nlian. Thai th« beit ■itilciillT driined luidi ut thou 
whoK iKntian ii tba oMt inci^aiifuUf tff«ct«j. 

Tben lit, howcxr, two f roccHOi hj which the groDnd i> 
anr-moiileDul *ilh wtlai, tui two iMtaDdi of dniuje — 
tba ooa iorolTiag ibe tamonl of bottom oi Bprini; wit«r, lod 
Ilia othii tbe remoni of tha npcnbanduce of lun-witcr 
that filli from tha doodi. A diuo thst eff«ti the nooiil 
Of tbg boltDB niar mij ba eqaallj laccHtlul in dniolns oS 
■hat lalli opon tha anrfua of tha laud ; but tha momCDt ne 
Ih^d to iHoeiale tha IwowithothcrapCTaliaiia, uaubioliioc, 
m itntioD, « tha lamonl of pluta fdtpad atada, diSir- 



Wa hiia beao Ud into thii inqoitj tna tbc query of a 
ettnapaadnt, alio ondat tb* Hguton of " A SosicBtBiI,'' 
aiki, " What ii tha noil (conoiiiicil matbnd of Ujiag dewi 
■troDg Ufld for panqaBaot paatnrs ? And can aDbaoiliBi 
■boliib tha vaed eillad in laneaahii* ' at-liil' or toad-pipa f 
Iniltad, ho**Tsr, of ginng ■ direct uiwci ta thia, *a piopOM 
tht broad qneitiiiD u a gaatnl oaa, uliiiili inTrirai tha r*- 
moTil of mada of ainj kind, bahidint, of eoont, Uu 



i( eui ba piolttblf perfamad bj atatm la 
pcobkn that nqoiica no proof, aud that tbcra ia aa immaii 
■rta of land, non capacii^T attoog e\tjtj ludiaod aabiail . 
that are bouod tojrethcror greatlj conaoliditcd b j fermgioouB 
a(*BCT, which ought to be tbua nbiciiled, ia eqoallj lauifeal, 
pro*id*d ilwaji that the Ininage of luch landa haa been 
praTionalj effected. DiainiEe ii tha real baaia of Bnocoifol 
rabioiliog, aa already etated i and Uiia fact mnit be OTar 
borne ia nind bj thoaa irho iotend joking the iDbaoil ploDah. 
Where batlam watei liaaa to tha anrfaea, ao ai to kaep ue 
itaria Mil Boitt, rabaoiliiig tbta bccoaaa a doabtfal optiati 
It the laad haa bacD inpcrfactlj dnjosd, tbe wrak of i 
aailiu and dacpantag tb« atapla Bar aidat tba drnaiga, i 
kaap down tha watw to a lowet lercl. Bat nndar ndi i 
cunutanM* Udi ia lariilg opoo tha bead of tha aabaoil 
plovgh *kal doea not legitanUa); bdong to it ; aod, Iherafoia, 
it would b* uniaaMMialM to aappoaa that the foil benefita will 
b« derirad Itod tba oparatioa, aa canparad with aatMoiling 
wbaa the landa are pnparij drained. Tiau, if one (ariasr 
haa bia land wtiO and dMplj diunad, aod if bia nai|^boar on 
tba other aide of tba hedge ot ftaea haa bia land iiapct&etly 
drained, allhoogh both o^ nhaol thni laada eqaall; 
daopand well, it woold Mntthtlou ba unnaMmabl* to aipeol 
•qnal letalta nait hairaat, landi kaa paraaaenUf , oc for Ibe 
BoaocoBMfal aiHiiMMatallat to ccDdamn nbniiling Bi a profit, 
laaa colarpriia that ought notta be adneatad bj agrimltoral 
wntan. On the one aide of the badi:* cat-tail aod iti kindred 
eonpauiona b^, indiTidiallj andoolleetiTfl;, diaapptar, while 
on tba ottatr ude tbt; ■aaj' Soarith aura luxnnai^llj than 
erer. We ban, in point of hct, beao ej»-witDcn lo meral 
iaitaneea o) thia hind, aad in lbs aajoritj of tbea^ we Duy 
add. the tubi^l plough got tba Mama, not tba farmer. 

In thecaae of riin or aucfac* water, ii atnmg elajej land u 
artiBeiilly drained, then anbaoiliog will piamota ita percolation 
UiroDgb tbe inbioil to (he draina. if the work ia properlT per- 
formed. Thai, ifaubimled between the vat and: the dry, ai 
ia ganeiallr tha eonditton of the land immediatelj after 
harreit in ocdinarj Msaoui, and if tha work hu beau tiecatad 
to a anifOrm depth, tectanguUcI; or diagonallr aetoaa tbe 
draina, then the tilt hcatj ibowera ol rain will not anij ba 
Moce raridlj drawn off to th* dcaina, but aandj and poroui 
maleiial will be waibad into tbe bottom fianraa aad iatatatioaa, 
ia a maaaar t« I6n> ■ ipieaM «f lalenl aubaidjaij dialaa 
(bat naj sontinue ud oftoa do Uat for anratil Hafoaa, 



Maeb of Ibe ncoaa* of antumn tillage bj ataa»«inbbinb 
' amaahiDg up tba land by ttaim, depcnda upon a apaon M 
ibaoiling, prodaeed bf iaopkaiaati of thia elaia. ThBi,bi 
iunpk,atiDngcUji at tbi» period are jenerallj in oil 
•DutbeiB proTiaeea rtat and fiianred during the Hianici 
■'-' '- - eoaaiderable depth. Now, from the manna aeoh 
tan np the tUpte fiooi the bottom, thii Muing 
rough tba iottiumcnlaliij d[ tht Baanrca axUndi te 
a much gnaterdeptii than the abaiei ot tiaea, ao that whaihia 
the work ii peifomud lalerallT icroaa tbe dniu, or loagitub- 
.... ._ .... 'ineiigpartiirir leagth, the lubaoil ia broken lad 
u to promou both the diainaga and aeratita d 
tbe land to a grtattr depth than the atapla. 
Ia tbia reaped (i (., the tearing prooaaa) the nKinloi bii 
derided ulTantage orcf the commea plough, mdeptadaallT 
[ tbe aoliag of the litlu and tha conNqnent oaaaolidatiMi ei 
ihe luhaoil. For a 

ij ia it to the draini, Heooa tbe ratiaaila 

of the anhaoil " 
taithcred vertieall; a 

One of tha great drawbaaha I 



tiet, tboebj giWly undoing tbe wock dooa. To obnite thii, 
tba lean that aotuaiai tba connoD plough (head of tha nb- 

aoiler mar >>« b»^ *•> (""< ^ tbe uaplougbad landi M 
tbia alwaja Ima or mom iBcnaaei dranghl, and.ei» W qaM ll r, 
the gracral bUt ol eoeU. It ie, hoveiet. deddcdlf ptatnUa 
to trampling the newlj.looaaned aoil in tbo bottmn ol tht 
farrow, and a laad bridle, or copat. ia all that ia neeaaaij to 
permit o[ both hoiaei tiaTclling on the laud. 

Snbioiling by tteam ia wholly free from thia obiwtioa, U 

ia sot oalj BO, but the lattling paoa at which tbe atom ^aofh 

mona ii greallj in farour of the work dooa. Fatting, tbctt- 

both theee adiutaget together, the geiietal tUB,H 

... ....■ _ :j — ^to— anHtatBt *" 



ipaitd to hortai, it ■ometbing o 

turn the balaoce, la dDUbtfol caioi aiiiing (lOa imperael 
draiaage and other couditioaa ol thia hind, in (aTonc of nb- 
lailiag. And, be^daa Ihaa* two adtantagei, tnbMiliag 4fi- 
ratua can he aUacbad ao eaiilj and cbeaplj to Oa commoa 
ateiB plongh aa to redoes tha prima coit to a Binimaa » 
tha outlet, and to tctt little mora than the ordinary apcua 
of cdtiralion aftaiwardi. And the lame data an apphcibla 
to tha other daaa of cnitiTatoii. 

Fracticallf coaaidared, tbaaa an innloibla adnnttgaaa 
faToar of anbaoilinglaodby Bteun. FrofcnioDally couidend 
aa an agrioultnnl optratioD, tha work hat alway* bea n ae- 
kuowledged aa aa initiatory atap in d eey ac caltiTitiOD, IbKMy 
affotfag the roota ot nianli au taeraaaa in tha raaoorcaa &<« 
wUcbth(7 doira aahualenca, coaieaoently piocaiiag trail 
the laad a gieatac weight ol prodaea of a hotter quality. Aid 
iriiile it eSacU tbaaa important ranlta in hamat, it at the 
lame time ladncca tba expeoditu 



of the B 



iraru^Bf ia ittoentertaa 
under ataaa cuKnta I 

ie» of farm praotie^ the 
n of the detail! forma the more intereatinE part 
nee!. If wc take a Bamewhat itabboni d^ 
bent on B moiat bottom thai Ditorally prodiuei 
roBhes and other planta uf thia deaoriptioQ for an aiampla, 
and if we farther aoppoBo thatths land has beenreoenUy 
drwned, bat that Iha IwHomtapply of water ia inch i» to 
keapthBBpringioaBon late, especially in moiBteeaaoni.uid, 
conaeqnentlj, that the land ia liable to bake, flaiare, iQa 
literally be BonTSrted into ihspetesa bricks Jnring ihe dij 
weather Dfiummer, then the effects produced by aabaoil- 
ing, if the work hie been properly done, are often reiy 
lemackable. The flnl obserrable effect that demanda a 
apeolBl nolice ia the oomperatiie drynea* of the land in 
epiing, aod ablenoe of anydiing like innning logetlier by a 
heayy shower of rata when newly woik«4 ThiaiaMMi 



V Google 



THE PARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



41 



putieBlirif th* OMS if Iha winter hti been Htera, and ths 
dtgrte of frott inch ai la penetrale to dmiIt tbs bottom 
or the looNDed luid. It tlis montbi oT JuiDiri ind 
felirou; hiTs beoa dr; tnd tnwt;, and ifavet March 
tllovs. and thflD i indiloQ obui^fl to droaght, the i^joiniiig 
fiild that hu not bein drained and snbBoiled will rnn 
to,>filin in iba net weatber like mortar, and then bake and 
ciukwbeiitha anddendroi^htiati ia ; nliereas joa maj 
dnre joor foot W lbs ankle in ths land that has been 
diiined and snbKiiled. The lalier baa undergone one of 
lliou faroQiable change) of a ohemieal nature that ii not 
atilj eiplnined, bat which ia fiimiliar to moit farmeri ; 
■bi}a the farmer baa retomed to that coadilba in which 
nltr plant! natorallT laxariate, when it is in a moiat atale, 
and «rliin apeoiea of fungi, or laoold, when it hecomea 
deprifad of iU moiilnre bj the drought of anmmer, owing 
latla baiogrent with fisanrea. 

Bgtnaes tbcas two eiampla there ia a wide Btmttait that 
Odita a atdl more deCailtd eiamiDetion to be Ibonnghly 
■Ddmtsod. Tbnt, in t«a eaae dI tbe drained and sabaailtd 
Ui, tka laid ia sure drj in wia(«i and BpriB^, bat more 
Boiit ia aDDmar, than the laid of tbe ondiaiaed one that hai 
iM b«en aabaoiled. Ttawa ia aamethiiK in thia that partakei 
o[ Ikt nalnre ttt a paiadoi, but CTaiTtbiag eontndietorj 
diaippaan tka mooiant the facta a[ tbe eaie are lecogDiicd ; 
tar uU two methDda of draiugCi together with tbe hjgrnme' 



■iiatf dileieBt, tbe diaisage 
■ahlarr thiogB ia or- -' " 
txka the nmaa of ._^. 
MWr, the natoia of the 
•CBBttit. lDtkacat*olthd[oraMr< 




irapaiad tba uril lor 



<i nln ware aipetieiioed. "i 
fartW Aaaga aadar fnat, and alao for 
*ka th* niaj awuon net in. Thna tba iBaBenl the nibaaa 
ni uaabad np to tba weather, tb* atmoapbara waa admitted, 
rta tbe haalthj procaa ol dacomporilioB would teamcoce 
tothaf BiimBl nd r^etabla natter; while MiiOBi gaiei 
■It flftae libDBtad from the inbaoil and lUe iota the atmoi- 
jbtn, isd thna nika tbdr eieapa. Thaae pniceMn proucta i 



lb* dnioaca of tbe laid bj pcrailation. Ii ither woida, thej 
piarcnt tba fragmeita iito which the land ia brokni froa 
mauBg togatbat whan tba heaTj raiii caoa ; conaninentl;, 
whti the weather brtaha, both the Mil and inbioU snderio a 
fartbai change by the ptoceai of percolatian. The •olnbla 
nutter ttiat ia thna waaned away thro»|h the drai— ^ — ■ 



d let! a 



enlly p< 



When 



'face of the 

land ia corered by a £ne mould, ao that then ia no leadensj 
to (rack ; tbe amount of eiaporalion ii, thanfore, by andi 
neani greatly rcdoced, while Ina heat it tbii ciniad off, ao that 
it ebiDiba ajtream amount of beat, thereby becoming mora 
laioarsble to *ei!*tation. It not only girci oB leia water by 
aiiparXioB, bot it alio abiorbi more maiilun from the 
atmoiphete, and retaioa more when ■ anmmei ihowei falli. 
In (horl, its by; ronetiical, thenaometrical, and manorial 
(coaooiy ii i^rcttly improied, the ohdnrate, tenacioui, elajey 
■nhaoil becomin;; tieotoally, in a few aeaaont, changed into 
a rich black clayey loam, full oF vegetable matter. 

Uow ilifferent ia the caae of th* field that baa neither 
been arLia.;ia]ly drained nor anbsoiled I During the drought 
of summer it ia more dry Ihin the olber, and hence mors 
effectually drained; bat tbe method of drilnags ia that of 
eiaporatiOTi, which alto oiriiea off the heat oftbeaon. 
During the winter aeaaon, when once thoronghly aoaked, 
it relaina leas of ercry aubsequent ahover that fjlla, and 
henoe more water ia drained off it Ibao off the other field 
unleu daring long continued perioda of wet weather, when 
both hare abiorbed and retain a maiimnm amount of 
water ; ao (hat the drainage water would under tuch eon- 
ditiona be equal ; hat the rain water in the one eaae flowa 



npon 






isolidati 



land ; while it peioolatea tbroogb the aoil and anbaoil in the 
otber, thereby rendering it mors and more porooa erery 
oeason, and more fertile. Jtiat the nrerte of thia ia Iba 
natoral oondilJoa of the andrained field ; for it reqaires 
erery now and then a aummer fullow ; otherwiae it heaames 
" lour (0 mface," and thaa affardi food only for plaota 
ttiat naturally prefer ancti eondilions of the land 



THE MANAGEMENT OF FLAX. 



At tba laoathly neeUng «( th* Nortb-EotC Agtieoltiral 
Ituriitiei ct IraUad, recently bald in Balfaat, 

Tba iicmAmf read a leltar which he had raeaini fiom 
Ui. Robatt H. Doiliog, IS., at Manor Honae, Kilraa, draw- 
■ag attcBtiBO to tba nnaatiafartofy poutioB in wbieh both 
Inrm and aallan of flai ware placed, in eoMeqoeMa of the 
difatneaa ot opisioD aatertai>ad t« to the eolttraetion to 
h pal apan tba Act paoaad in the aataiOB ol 1S63, aid Uw 
maaqaeat di^ntad olaim ol baiara to Ibo dadoBtioD ol * 
W^woy K pBwiy par atoM, Doder the laaie ot " ■torage." 
tttiAtl laal yaai, Mr. Dattiif otitad, eoUempIalad doing 
•ny with ail ehangaa. aid t*id*iing it ebligatoiy npoi the 
tayn I* Bay ia fall, without aey dedaetioi. He tboogbt it 
■Bt daauahto " ttet tbe ezMt tUta of the law ahonk be 
pa an lly kaown. If tba bayer be eotitled, let bin baTe the 
MaftioB ; if not, let there be one geoeial rale in all mar- 
leta." Ht. IMIiDg anggettcd, in eoulntion, that tbe eoa- 
>itM aheold take atap* to haia all donhC oa to tba eonaltne- 
ti« lo he put apoB the law doared up. 

Aftai aoma rtiarnminn. the anhject waa referred to the 

Flu CoBKittSO. 

n* Gbmriaan, Mr. BoiniwiOE, iatinuted that the Bar. 
Jtatpk Biadakaw, a member ot the Special CemmiUee ap- 
rwled by the Aaaoeiatioo for Promoting the Gmwlh ol 
Flu in Irdaad, had kindly undertaken to read a paper on 
lb* maaafnaat of that eitn ; oad he waa sum that the inti' 
■•ate yraetkal haowledge which bir. Brtdtbaw waa known to 
l^oa Willi regard to the ral^act ha had taken in band woe 
..i._ — _-. . ._ jjiii jj^ attaotian at hit heaitn. 



HMkHfi; 'AttlMNqiwatof a 



a Dwabart ot tbe Con- 



I, I ban nndertakeu to read a paper oa tba mintga- 
• "'"■ ■iteaent attract - 

■illi leiy low piicea for grail, happening at a tiow 
there is a briik asd isenaaing demand fitr In, at iv- 
_jatite prieet. baTe eaated many landownera and (nnnera 
to aeek (or iufomiatioa on the management o( thia ralaabla 
crop. Yoar eooiaittc*, arei aniiena to fonnu any nenment 
ealenlalad to heaeSt the afiicultural cliatea, while it 
the 10 leaa ttlnahle pnrpaae of enpptying onr maoul 
with a supply of the rsw material, hope to be able, in mhbb 
meaanie at leaat, to meal thia want. Tratting that my 

Imlte, may I aik yoni attcatioa to the foUosing obicrraliont, 
which will be eonllsed, oa the picaent occasion, to the 
tttipiag cffiaxt It might be tlioaghl by acme thatitwoold 
ba batter to begin at tbe b«iEinning, Tim* eDauih to ateap 
the dli when it is grown. Now ttiis ia cue ot the miitskes 
not by any meant UBCommon with begiunen, and to wblch 
I mUBt lefer at the outlet. Hasy ueier think ot the floi- 
pool ontil tbe flai it ready ior pulling, when it may be too 
late to remedy aueh a went ot (onsight. The winter 
teoion, when other work ii not pteiaing, is the right lima 
to tnake proriiioD. Ail, therefore, who contemplate cdti- 
Ttling flax next year for the firat tune, or who are not 
ittitled with their aipeiienca of former yctri. ihould at 
onta, without delay, tat aboat teketing a proper titnation 
for the alMp-bola or pooL Biiottlon ia leiy imporlaat, Boch 
more to thai Bany aipctieiuad pertoas are awara of. It 
shonld ba ebofaa wUh a Tiaw to waiBth and a command of 
water i all other oooaidatatiaDa ibould be looked upon «a of 
Ultla impoitaDea eaapared with Ihaaa, (m on a wiim mO. 

.,1b, Google 



THE FABHBR'8 HAOAZINB. 



i |Mi BIT nqoJM, will d«pnd m gn» 
ud jmU u M* tbn, ud h » «oshw 



Wlullj iMiplioUa, tnd Ills gol; usout ttwi cw |in Df 
VhaiBUMu Uat it uw, Uititii nuil liagolu, ud ba- 



ud abMtniNi) I |»Ta in utmt wtM bMD able to MiifL 

an adaquta ctDH. In la manj iniUacc* bm I baae abla la 
da w l^t 1 dsubt v>t aaj ana capabk tl UDd>ft*kiii| iha 
buk bi pitiaat int aatifitioD, chamieal iafailif ation if uaad 
ht, ud mianla obHtntiaD, would auilj ba Mt la aaeout 
fuktaaoilL OnaaaBloklnakabadpulofbiiliieifhlilmji 
loBivia tbaoalsrtbanthootbar.aadfMil waaBMMulj 
M wall dona a* tba latlat, ud witbal tb«a wan only «i|htMa 
inobn bBtwoin tha IwodmIi. On mqaii; 1 loaod ttw i — 
WM a d«p ditab, tlwa^i /nil ef dair tpiins walar, whilil 
oIbB WM oC tba orduaij depth, ud filUd with nil wil 
AnothM Mituca I koaw of, whtn tba ovnar »id ha 1 
iMt ana part U bit Su, BHoint thai it had not waU 
ttaptiij, aod wai, aooMqiuatlj, Boch lojund bj ilaapjnj 
ii • hula •hna lout uudir-dniaa diaekaiiadtbairoaaU 
iaia it. Ha WW not at all iwaia nntil lad aipniaaca Int,— 
bia that afacta n Miiani donU b« tba nwlt ot what ht 
daamed tatnaiacacaua. MMlMora JBilaMta at a ri " 
kind htTa Maa wndai nj aatiaa whcnin Uu laiiatiai 



M iamd waak of Aii|Mt, whaa 

Iha lu bigb, than wh bo diStraiMt botwou Uw 

timm ol tha lai doiac in thia poat ud tha aoa im 

Mlainiat; Xoa bbM sot aondnda, bowom Ihii tba 
MBIvaty «l tnai u lajahaaa : it U obW «• whaa Iktj 
aabadai tgr oaa poo) 1 Mua iipnitaatadftBM tbeoaith 
hifh buk and a low or laftr beuhn, ud tipciiCDCo 
proToa Iha wimtioa la bt a latoanbla ooa. Coarioccd I 
of tha imporUBoi of aituatiao, b« caiafnl lo Hkot tha I 
ud do Ml hatiutt iboot aipaia*. proTidad tt ba jadldo 
' id oat 1 foi it ia a BM»t icpRhaaaiDli eooionif , a ekaiga to 



I, I fetr, ara liable, t 



to odI tDoia thu toBia ten or twauCy ihiUinga in uiiDg a 
pnpai pool. An old ditch, eapaciall; if lh« dilcii back n 
dvka ba to tha aotlli, bit ba tha baat; but, Aonld ih« 
rlchcaCluid too htT* ba ihaliM attmthia, do oot hcritata to 
takait: tha flaiwindo uorathinpa* for thadiBnmca. If 
jOBMMhaToaei a ai to both itdta hr loadad carta, joa might 
■ukathe pool tram fboctetn lo lixtccn l«at wide: bnl if onir 
OM >Ub it iTailabla, hoBk dght lo tni hat will b* fonod to ba 
OMiTeiiiant widthi. The (idea ghoitld ba alittla ilapsd to gaiid 
a(aiatt tbaii Bllpplng in whin tha waight conn npon Ibam, 
fai which nuon h ii adTlnble oot to cart alaig tha edge, pro- 
Tidad ion eta eonnoicatlr atoidil. The aclion of thafrait 
alio daring Ihs wlntar teason occuionull; timet great 
Unojancg In thia way, eapeciiU; in claj soils and naw- 
mids pooli ; bul bj keeping them alwnji foil of nater, tbe 
■idea will ba effeotoiillj protected. Yet, with all tha pn- 
cauttoD Ihtt may be naed, it will bs foDiid IbM the aides 
~ and pared ah^th Co mske Ihem 

« baal lo make it of iho 
t width at drgt. The proper depth la ibont four 
t on leiel ground ; but, shoald il he on a considerabfa 
iUne, il tuaj varrfrom four lud-a-halffeetat the lowcat 
1 to Uiree feet al the apper. Tbe lend on each slile 
lorongh drained, running the draini is near lo 
■ prudence may dictate, taking cire, however. 
.L ... ,..^ ,ijj Jj,|j,j ^^j^ jj,( j^^g (jj^ pj|^j_ 



will reqtiirB lo bo trimmed and par 
eren, t^iai widening the poo! evei 
peifoimed; coniequenlly, Itwill b< 



■hoold h( 



that neither Ihe watei 

nor Iha terersB. Iflhi . _.-,,, .-^ 

neceaaary to take meiDB of Rnardtii[ igungl eacape, which 
will belt ba done by catting a deep and narrow treneb 
parallel to llie aides, and aome tbree or four feet from 
Itacm, lUDDing the whole length, only laming It into the 
idde at each place where yon pal a weir or a dyke acroal, 
to tiM each pool maybe vater^igfat; than lamlhlttranoh 



eaaa* any du^ai of 
olay. No pool ahooU 
ba U^er than can be filled in ths aame day, for it mnatnot . 
beforgotWaUial tha Oaiflntpiitiaialasltahanoat. By 
placing ■ few ilakaa aeroaa, and ramming ia aoda and cin 
aboie them, a dam or weir oao ba lonnod atanyieqoind 
point. The pDob being Suiabad ud made oompleta, 
which onghl to be ali monlha before kinaat, I hare new 
to draw ^aur attantion to the ordinary tueihodi uiuill; 
adopted in handling tha flu. 1b moit eaaea tiia pual J* 
allowed to be filled wilh water lo the ra^alnd btigbi— 
abonl three ind-B-half or fooi feet ; Ibe Sai ia thu pnl ia, 
beginning at tbe lower end, or where tha water ia deajHat, 
in regoiar rowa aeroaa the dnlni, with tha mot (ud down, 
railing on the bottom ud aluding nearly aprigbl, ao Ihii 
when filled it presFnta tba appaaiauae of adanaa crop wiib 
the aeed bolli j oat orar tha aoifaaa of the walar. Idi1< 
thia property re<inlraa a Uttla aare and deileritT- Ifitu 
aUed l^m both aidei two kwda ahoold ba omptud duvD, 
one at each aide, and then ■ man at eaeh aid* ahooU 
begin at the aame lima by taking ab»el,ai aaheaf of giaan 
flai ia proTiadally called, and eaatlngit Into thamiddla 
langlhwiae ; tha next one (loea to it, ud in aiaotiy ika 
aama pui^on, and ao on to Ihe edge at hia fact, where be 
ooght to amih Ihe latl one rather Ujjhtar, and ocoasioniUy 
pot on additional ono in on tbe Aat. or indocd nnoluli 
tha whole length of the pool, to oomponaale for 
enaa otihe aidea, and ao hare it all of a — "-~ 
Oreat IneanTeniance fregnantlj ai 
lion to thia ; (or, when the Oai bagina to Ibment, il caatt 
the aoda or stonai placed on it to tba alaok pail, whna 
they find their way l« tbe botloiu. For tiiii reoaon alie J 
prefer pnlliDg the flu pretty tight alt thraagh. II aeo- 
nomiaca apaae, too. In the reriaed iuatraaliana pob- 
liahed by yoar tociely, we glie tha oppoaita adiice, recon- 

!.__ i^ .. I placed in looaelj. After close obaeiia- 

uy peroaplible diSerence in Iba 4uiig 






looaely or ooBpactly pnt io ; u 

I decidedly adrlse the palling it in tightly and cod- 
paetly. Shoald the pool be filled from the one side only, 
the same method is adopted, with thia differeacc, thit 
tha first beet of each row ia pitched aeroaa to the oppmlia 
~ lan goes roond and pack) ia 
le whcrerer reqnlnd. Ano- 

... ._ . . raaanoir or poBd at aaBpaad. 

pot Iha ta ta bairn tiia wnlac, whid ia oartunly agoid 
lu, ■« it ean ba dooa with gieat rcgallTily. Ooaau 






oBpaat IMR acnaa. When Iko paol ii d a epa i »t tba Iw 
bu at the top, ean moat ba Uku to alopa tbt In 
nadaall; mate aod BMa towaida th* ahatlo* awd, a* aa W 
haTetheMHotlkehMMlatal,aadafaBBltatm dsMb bdaw 
Iba eorhea of the water. Whaa II k pal !■ dry Iha wadgUa 
ahouW ba ptaaed OHt II bolera the walac la latin. TbawMa 
ihoold ba eowed wilh aeda or Moaaa, aqnaflatac th* ifOfhl 
la oearly u poaaiMa aU oral. If aoda ba oaod, tho gfin 
ilde ahoiild be placed nait tba flai) bat tho maeBTOBiaoaa aad 
•ipawaa Of pnwarinj ihaaa arery aaaa^, oapadally *Mm 
•u._ ^ , laifia qnuU^ of flu grown, hidooamoat firaaitla 
r aloooa ioalaad, aa Iba atoaaa can aaijly ha ballt ap and 
kept for fainia aaa. If tiia weather ba warm aad Iba walac 
^- rabia, bmaitation will aal in laMidiately, and tha 
r the bwift. Abont tba aaoaad or thM day it will bf 
gin to work and swell op, and tbe Beta it doet M Ihe B<c* 
'-'—able are tbe indieaiioas Of il golag «■ wed. CBta,bew 
Dual ba taku to ka«p It dswa bdow lb* aoilaca tf tba 
■Jet none of it appear aborai and, il tiaatpbH et pah- 
doona with a bare loel «r Ihe T ««d nfaapada ahatlba 

S<iaal,additiaaBl>toaeaaaBrth**laead«B| ud,akoaU 

•no thia lad, yaw mnat let la addllload waUr. TbaieabaBld 

alwaya ba aboat two babaa of wbm oeor Ik* a or lae a. It 

— la flra or lit daya, ot Iwa daya aMar Iha haBaglallwi bM 

sbedita height, it bcgiu le aabaide, aod Iha Su wWl 

rn to the botloB. Cara akoaM new bo lahea lo let walar 

and, U aaad ho. ta Uka aaoM of the wi%h* eC alae, M 

I not daaicabia la bara It pcoMad daws too NOib wbm 

wtUiBciBlothadaaaBwaadalalt. AaBnIlaltuB,uyaboat 

tha tUakaaaa of ■ bm> mMb fMriiB Um^ Iha pNl 



.cdbyGoo^le 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



43 



woiH «f &( tarit MH <nUr, tnd ■■ Boondand to isHon 
tti ftiKtr Hd colou of thi liz. Kow coma tie ailieii 
l*rio4 It iteidt wU* ll u i«4itrii toaagh—txttilj Bong^— 
inihii amdOM not inilerdoiia, And hen I mtj nmuk 
Uu U tiiMt tkt nMM dpuiMutd ud ikurnl kindi ua Kt 
ftnll j m much u tkia tka ou« thtt joa utdoa Ri««t 4 lu- 
cnnr, knnn axfcnmcad, Ibit win not eoufcu to jdh ht 
MbKou bBn tiMbuij or MO Urdf in Uiiintpoct. But, 
TiAal, I iH ol opUiioa ibak bj l)riD[Ui|{ iutslliKonc* tnd ai- 
rouon to 001 Olid, n Deed aoldon on lo dnidiug apoo tho 
pnp« pcriad vboD it aboiild be Uk*D out of tbt aWcihpaa]. 
Ai t *B« pkjtieuui bUI t*ki are lo giio all Uii ufotmttioD 
b eu Crom tho patient gi hia frieadi bifoH ha dniai coodo- 
■Bu tbovt th* BjBiitiKDi dI tka diuue ud tka nmedin to 
kt adofMdi u ■ prndaDt hroiec niU Uka a (Tiat dwdj Ui1b(> 
ata amuidaraiioa bilon decidiag una [ha ludicatiang af the 
OMpiat laat— vkclhar, lot luoplo, Ih* duignw ml] and 
ii I pud wnpla of a beilthf , btfonj Abra ; vtiEther Iba vtA- 
thu II raij iram. tka lUip-pooi &Touriblj uimtad, filled 
nlk iMi ioft waM, fnc from all diletnloai malHr ■oca ai 
luN, iiMk, DC laal ata i •hatker hrmnlatiOB let ia iramldi- 
atd), ud ■Dtkad wall &nd linlaDtlr, lod tbtB tt qulcklj and 
quBiljubudod. And, ifkakuowilkat all th«iathin|ibtie 
■Blind, ka ouialadaa tkUha oofbt lobanrr vitchfol. Ui 
tiiTniaai oa tho Mraulb, 01. at Ibo (ailhtit, on tka oitblh 
l>Ii u Um feUonni manoat : — Haiiog ni>oi«l Mma lodi 
H lUMi, 10 Uw CMO naj boi aboat tka middle al tka pool — 
•iddta n i(¥ud> batb and* ud ndoi — ha pnlli up a boeC u 
t"df aa poatikla, aad plicat it oa Uw od|e,wid, in doiag ao, 
■Mieea wtaMbar tho aacd balla drop off Iraelj i ko Ikeu |if aa 
itanad tfeako at Ika aod,nad, If all th^ teed dropi oS con. 
plaulj, ke conchidai tkia to be one farourabla li^n. He naxt 
pnpt aa iinek aa he can kald firnlj in kit hand, aud, if it 
kak mitf dammj, and eompIiaaE, and doea not aeparate when 
he Dpaaa kia band, but, oa Ih* eootnor, that it aUcka wall 
kigitbai aa if half-|lntd, rtqiiiring a Utile fona to aeptnM 
tkeataikaik* eanehidat thia to ba another faTOorabiaajmptaBi, 
aad tka pnweoda t» Ih* RmI Mil important taat bj tUinf 
mat aa or aifht atoma out ol tka eeotra of the beat, and 
Wiiai thMB latboi akarplj a*ar hia toraBotcr, holdini tb* 
mdlualjwith Ua thnmbi if Iba itani bnata andai thii 
■pwiiao, Hd tho ihoia or ianda part atarta out like a bnkao 
kiaa, b* aa»rindoa that taa Sax ii dosa. It will alDaal in- 
nmblf ha loand Ihai in aiipljio( thii laat toat the Hen will 
ka kiiUla at tho TOO* and tnt> aad gat IcaaandlaaiMiaajoa 
iMnaA tta aoad andL 11 ia UaX, thanfon. to bagin at iha 
1 npwaida, and, il joa atill find it hritUa to 
la ol lk« atom, joa maj be aua il ia doaa. I need 
■f that llta ^poaiU aa a modilieatiOB ol all or asj 
iadnlMM ot laala voald paiot oat Ibat the Ubh had 
at mii wdloTtnkiagit oat Ic aboald ba axamiaad awnuBg 
-' ' "1 bond .raadr. Pnai nghtto tvelia daja 
, I b«>a nata* had anf ondar ncbl, aod 
aaaa laaa Iwola* daja in the ataop. IlaoBatuoaa 
that it sakaa aa pmiiaaa after easing np to a aar- 
it. Yan •utaaia* it daj atttr da; ■ it ia not doac, 
r*a nafoaat* th* dighlaat aktoga theogk it tamaiaa 
* ^ihleaa daja ia tk* vatai. It ia oaa of tbai* 

,_ ^___. — I.I 1 (J ■hiah 1 ha<a alraadj 

ti that eaaoa of thii hind 



ikaBt«eth*i*tHii*enddaal}««l4aadebillj. AUtheaas, 
wanBala,UH*|«KwU«f«dulhB MOlh ol Aagnat wbao 
ihaoaatham* «ant *ral •• ragolarljaodvaUi skilat 
■baeeUahillr >ri||to •( SapMaabK bad the •aoMlajiimaa 
Aatbf at *Bi** theakiag H»m>ottlian. Ia a taaa *( tkia 
•M (hna aaaM aohelpfatil battatakateaMia (Mrtaaa 
m Hum dar* kaU-daaa aa il ia, and troM to ih* graMtac fat 
uMkHfit. W*aagUtalaera,h«w*m,fH«ia«A«uwplta 
■at In ha 1Mb ia th* Ma*M, hat wa ke* oar wboW cnp, I 
^[W la ■■ H ia that many ler»Mawiath* habit of taking 
■a Haaa ar aada eO, aad aUawiaa tba flai la OoM (01 twaa^ 
hrkaar* bataM takiBgit*at, talluaaeeftiUluMea it at Ih* 
h*. lbanB*4oabith*lh*eeTi*cara<et*nltb*pi*et)**a 
f-daaa^MakaridaawbaptaelM b« eaj *»ept >>w*> 
*«watlp aapni*-!*! t* kaav «h« Um Aai i* •■ bat diM. 
■atik^ihalaa •*» laa of ebaal halt af tb* «al*r, tb*B 
*«aa Ih* Mighia *&d aaaaaad la Ikn* th* heeU aa the 
'^thmtmttitlkmm ThM aM b* ao ^mM that lo 



■ thauMrtia 



il flat, read; U 



pitch it ont vith the handa i* beet, bnt I do Bd olaeei to mea 
naing ■ crooked fork or di«t and ntlUag it ont. An ardinarr 
baj-bik with th* toe* tnimd will anavai Iha pnrpoie, anly 
the toca aboald nut ka tott 'Wi '•*> 'h*; cut the Ibi*. 
With thla iatiument the man drava the beete to kin, placing 
a tOB DO each side of Iha band, and 10 hadi tb*m on the 
edge, where anathei man buildi them in a regnlai keep oa 
.i_:_ D.. __.j_ ._ [^ (Bfted (a Iha apmd-graond. Soow 
twclie ai twratj-ftnr bouii ia ibe keep ; 
but lb* BOonet it i> apreid th* better, aa the wetneae eonlii- 
butaa naeb Co the tttt ol thii operaiioo." 

Mr, Charliy tipreaKd the gent gratUcatioa that ke (hit 
in being pnaCDl at ibe reading at so TaluUe a Imliae u 
tbtt which Cbej had juit heaid. The great eiil kitkerta woi 
in Ibaoiiaiag too mock ; but that waa a /bdII whiek did not 
eitat in the paper which hadjnat been read, for Mr, Brad- 
ahaw'i obeerratioaa vara eictedingl; pnctiod and aeenral*— 
10 moth BO, that ha (Mr. CharlejJ conld aeandj take eiesp- 
tion te anj of tham, II wai imilciiiable thai the piuperitr 
ol tba lintn trade wia noit beuaHciil to the farmer; but ai 
he waa bimselr idepiiflid with that trade, he wantd exdnde it 
Irom kia obiaiTatiooi, ai he alwa;* prehircd appearing at 
thota meetinp in the charactai ol an agiimiltanBt. To do 
Joatica at naa meetuig, or in one paper, to tko entile lubfeet 
of a» IrealBuut in all lla itagei, wa> an ibaolnte ieipoeat 
hiliif, it bciag oae ol aoch eitent Ibit anjr one ipaaker fa- 
milial with il conld oecupj' a mneh longii time in the dali- 
Tt[7 of kia obtarTBtioH tkan anf aucmblage conld ha 
cipactcd 10 htTD patianc* to listen to, or ataiiible time to 
wilt for, whiltl Ike Dcit would prabiblr And ample material 
laft to DCCnpT him lor honn. at, thtraloi*, higblj appiond 
ol laklog op the tubjecl in arpHnCe rtagti, and ir '~ 



!n. Mr. Ctiul 



■mg the 



Iradahaa'a paper. H* 
I itsrping hblea in time, and 






.... for culioaT7 

parmei, hot alio to the cattl*. aod m tooia iHtineea e>cii 
to the irada of the dutcict in which tkia [tprehaciibl* prac- 
tioe Til curied on, II Ibia latter ajateai waa an naaioid- 
able evil, ka would labmit lo it ■iihoul a mnimnr ; but, aa 
be knew that it cosld be aroidad b; a little cue, asd el a 
Tail imall ai|«uah be thoegkt il odIj taaaoaalile to call on 
Boeb faraare u Uum* leotarka appliad to, l« hate Ibaii flai- 
bolaa b*tl*r anaagad for th* futuie. 

Ur. Faiur* obeeitad that, with regard to the eaUmatad 
tiaw ibi itoaping, be InoDd that kia flu «u tkia Tear otar- 
itaepad in aia daja. 

On tka oolioa of Ur. CitaaLBT, aecondod by Ur. 
WiLbON, a raU ol tkankt na paned to Mr. Bradibaw, far 
bii kiadneaa ia prtpaiing and reading hia lalaaUe paper. 

Tke CBJUavAH, in uenid^iog Ike thanki of the Beetiag, 
a(id tbatke ipoka the laDtuoaBU of Ik* coamiltce in re- 
quaaiing Hr, Biad(ka« M laTsar them with anotkor papwr 

Mr. BBAoaHAw aipraaiad hi* willingn«u t« do u. 

Th* Cbajbiun iniimaUd tha( Mr. Ckarlej bad ;nnnia*d 
to Nad a Hp«t althat on Su or wmo other agiuuluiral 
lubjeot, Ue ttpraaaad th* hope Ibat tb* piacUce now inUo- 
diMd ■oald b* ibe inaagaiatoB of a ragnlai aacoaaaiaa of 
taluabU papara oa rariotii inbjeata, 

THE HONOURABLE HE. UELVILLBONUNCOUI 
aHEBP.— At the aoaoal aaMing of Ih* Liaoaln FeMaie' 
aDb,tb«Hoo.A.I..Hel>ill*Ba>di With raeiraet lo Ih* elai* 
In wkoee *H*aiBg*Mat lh*a*iodelie* VM ialaaM, IM did 




with ia aaj eoaalf i indeed, be 
Jd lad bhawan tn^ I* Ibea. 

Now, k* did B*t aaT Ihit to ■ " .___ 

kawaimoie apt tataU thMB 
eojthing Ihalh* tb*agbt bMla* dmw la aaalh*! eanatr h 
did not aempl* M l*U tbam of it, Mr. Uarahall had kMtu 
him talk al icaleh taialp*. aad Haieelr baUared kim, aatil 
ha had goM lo ■**tlaad kimBBl( aad ka B«« adHlMd Ihal ha 
waeraAyaaipiMkTwbalkaanr. N* daaH *bM«* had 



db, Google 



n 



THE FARMER'S MAQAZINK. 



B gmt dail to do witli il> bat ti ul nia thtj bad mtly im- 
proTsd tlwii turnip enfa U LuwutuUn durinx th« lut 
tventj jnn. Oo tbc otbar hBal, tb« hrga &mui oa Ur. 
Nabit HitailtMi'a nnt nUU U SnaUwut iraald tamij 
credit hii *en>iiati at th* Liiooluhii* diwp. n* Scotch hr- 
Eun itill wnit om grawiog vtMOt, poMtoi^ ud >iinda tnmipi 
(■taieb thtj giv* to otll*], ud tbongh wool «u at Ut., Ilwf 
tbongbt iliMp wnt of Dtit to no coonqane* [ When hi 
(Ht. Hdiilla) weot dova into Beatland, h* told tba fuacn 
tban tbM vbot and otbu prodaM banng fallen * third in 
Ttlnt, and ibaep and iiool riim ■ third in nlue, it ougbt to 
ba obnoDi to arerj prudent nin that he thonld ptodan u 
niBCta wool ud nntton ai poiiible. Well, hii frieod, Idr. 
Hamtltoit it appuTed, wm impFciied with thii, tad one of 
hii lanuti got (oms Cotivotdi'-iraDdertal ibcap whin (ed 
Dp Tot thaw, but nothiiK in compiriiOD wilb Lincoln >hnp u 
leDl-pajiag inimikli. Tba latter would not bear the («diaj( 
or show the perfictiOD of the CatawDlda, He bclitiad, bow- 
e*t(, that tbere wai nothing in the waf of ahetp to ba leen 
aojFwhare nrhich tqnalltd tba 90,000 jeu-old aheep aboirn at 
Lineola April fair. Be bid oftto wandered what besame of 
all the iheep aald at that fair, and (old, too, for inch high 
pricaa, and it vaa not often be had the oppertuniij of 
tracing their deitinalion. He bad, howerer, a ^ouog friend — 
a gentleman'a aon — who had a farm an the Trent aide, and 
whabongbl 300 hoggi at lut Lincoln fair at Sfii, i.pitce. 
Qo(Mi. HelTille) uktd him if ha aaw bii va; to making a 
ptolt out of aueh a large inieitment. Hii f onng (rieod re- 
plied, " I did the Hmi thing lut jear at neulj tba aame pries, 
■nd whin I came to dip the ahetp, I (oand a good nambar ot 
UuB todded twoa, and thct* waa i good nnmbat loddad thiwb 



Now, if I gi 

bare a good Tat ihaap ramaiaing ; ud, hariu tried di9enat 
thing!, I find that no ona thing baa anawciad Be no wdl ii 
rniing aa tba hogp I buy at jronr Lincoln bii." Thii wa 
the eipaiiuea o( nndj a begioner. Whan ba (lb. Ualtilli) 
talked to tbcn in Sootlaid of Uw yncaln ibMp.andtkapMa 
tbaj litebed, tbey ataied and told him bt wi* talkiog Ma- 
aenie. Then he laid to then, ' Oaly eoao to Liioob Kir, 
and til Bhow ran pleolT ol aheep that joa ahan't bare if jn 
won't giTB 6Si. ahead.'' Well 000 man had writln ta a 
Scotch paper to iif thit be came orer here to Wrigbj (ilr, 
and bougbt lome aheep, and took them bane, and hia ipMuli* 
tion waa a complete failore; Ihty got aa lat that thay did not 

lamh, and tha tew lamba that werr '^ ' — " '-* 

ud good for nothing, and ha ai 



lodo withlhia" 
wai that the 8( 
! iheep vauld li 
t pamper them 
di. Lincotnihi 



cd til hia neghboati t^ 
It breed of iheep." Toi 
noi Dcliere that the Linnk- 
ling. The; thootht II 
ire obliged tr '- ■' 



their owe 
II diet 



he iheep here, Iheji eielused, ''The^ hira 
nothing to' eBl." The; hid certainly Tery little to eit thit lul 
aeaaoQ, aod u Triahman made tha rema^ to him that tiicra 
waa mora paaCnre an their roidi than in their Geldi, whieb 
wu UleiallT a fact. Well, Lieeolnihiie aheep wait ibcep that 
wonld feed Dpon nothine, and that wu the loit of aheep bt 
farmrra. He wai (peaking, of canne, of ewei j ud ha R- 
peated that the Lincoln eara wnold feed npon Itaa thu ur 
other kind of aheep. It wu, therefore, no doabi tbt hip 
feeding which wai the euu of the diaappointment eipe- 
litncad by tin Sootdi hnnar wbo boiigbt ahaep at Wragbl hii. 



OUR COLONIES FOR ABLE-BODIED PAUPERS. 



" Idle honei wan eat off their own beadi," it ii laid ; ud 
tha maiia ii equally applicable to oar idle and ablf-t>odied 
panpeia- If, therefore, we cannot sail our aurptai agricnU 
toral labanren, ai we do oor ipan hanei, ao aa to aioid inch 
a penalty, we can well afford ta gire them a free paiuge to 
Canidi, the Cape, or Antlrelii, and be the greater of the 
two gaincn by the triniaetiODi (or what wiU keep an idle 
man ud hie family in the Union for twehe montha, would 
(end them aeroaa the Atlantic with friendly fsca and tlyiog 
nilonn, leaiiog nttpayen a leiptetable balance at their 
bukcri', with few or no sld, woin-ODt panpcri topioriilo for. 

The problem only leifaira] to be aeea at both endi, to be 
pnctically nndeialood and aolred- Wilb a piopeily- 
orguiied ayalem of emiKntioa and attUmicnt in our 
nriouiea, able-bodied, idle agricnllnral lahonren, in leanh ot 
employment at two ihillingi per day. would ceau to be an 
loomaly in the molhtr-coDntry ; for it thay conld get ■ doUir 
for the aana quantity of lahooi in tba colony, the renlt need 
hardly be totd. Were it broadcloth, or uy minnfaclured 
Ihhric, or other article of commerce, aare the poor man'i la- 
bour, we ihonld loon hear of a Company (limited), holding 
ont cent, per cent, to ibuebolden, with a flattering bouna at 
the till of the ipKQliUon unnally. Witb n lou of cent, per 
cent, at home, endagainoF two hundred percent, on the 
other aide of the Atlantic, theiv it, at leut, a wide field nptn 
for enterpriae and ipccnlation, 

Cu uythiog bi done lo argaoiie a lyitam, an u to Dike 
money ont of ii ? In a qneition ot tbii kind, wa know no- 
thing about philutbropy or aay other thing, iin a tamn- 
Biraling balance erery qnirterdiy. And, wiih a eommodtly 
that tequirei two ihilliDfti per day to kelp it at home, and 
which woald ftt^ a company font ihillingi per day in a 
oolony, then it a diflerenca of aii ihillinga ; ao that the can- 
elnaioa (ona itaall npon ni, that it don^ reqnin uy philu- 
tbropy at all to make ont, proapecUtely, a fair balanco-ibaet 
both fn tba mMhar-eountry and btr colony. 

It may be adTiaabIa to reply to u o^ictioii wbUk may ba 
njaad to the praciicaUlily of tba projioiitiaa, baton gnng 
rnrtber. It mi^ be aaid, for aiample, Uut wa haTO pten^ of 
Colaoiil Laid BcheBM aboady in opentiaB, bat that tbiy 
■dibar pay inlBeieBtly ttBooeratlBg iotereit do capilal, not 
Ddligate in tha lligfateat dafiu tba arili ot tba brM«n-timr- 



ayatem complained of, one thit baa pmad itaelf men thu 
ordinarily feKile of paupciiam. 

The objection, it will be aeon, tallB to tha gronnd OB Uia 
plea of auidde, the litter part deilroying Uie farmer, Oot 
propoiition ia ■ Colcmial land Schema bifiig for ita ehJKt 
the acttlemenl of onr iblt-bodiad, idle labonmi in Ont 
eoloniet, u u to find remnncrativo ampkTmcnt lor then, 
and at the aame- time to rcliere na of poor-ralei in nppoitiBi 
them when tbey get old and ioBrm aa paapera at btat. If 
(hia can be done there would be derived from the diffenaoeet 
■ix ibiUioga per day dnriuj; the prime of life whit would pay 
ramunentiug inlereat on the capital required to carry ont lU 
project into actiTi aod aucctutiil opeiition. And to ihli 
difference molt be added the proflti ariaing from colnaial 
agricntlon more tkilfully ud loeceufnlly carried ont into 
practice than nuder the preaeat ayitem. Thna, what will a 
day'a labonr produce in the cultiratiaB of lud in t eotoij, 
■ " roughtbeinitrnmentality 



cottage e 



Implemeni 



upon the 
ealonial. O 
ccption to 11 
tranifer of li 

at colonial h 



, colony cao jointly aupply T The 

rking of the propoailion ii, therefore, baaed 
inomy of agrienltaral labour, both homt awt 
r present lud Scbemei are, with hardly aa «• 
t contrary, mere pecuniary epccnlitiooa in tbe 
id. Thai a Compuy porthuea a large Inel 
id, at a few ihillingi per acre, ud Kilt it at 
twice, tnree, or it may be four timei the money. Hence iti 
pennywiieand ponnd fooliih profiti But thoie who know 
uythiog pncUcally ibont lucceiifiil agrienltnre, ud the 
economy of labour and micbinery ipplied to tbe eultiialin 
of lud. coald neicr dream of relief lo onr pauper syitem it 
borne, or a high degree of prnpcrity to onr coluiea, nndir 
aneh a catch-penny apecoiition inlind? In point of fact, it 
wonld be dilBcnll to deriia a more piuperitieg ayaten thu 
thii aame intcrmediata lud-jobbinK ; for, at home, aa in Ire- 
lud, it hai ptoeed Itatll to be a eniae to all connected with 
it ; ud alio in all eoanltin whcrs the principle of interme- 
diate JobUng in land baa b«a acted npn. To oSer proof ia 
rappMt of Uda ooDcloaian in tha cue in qeaitiMi winld he 
npacfliuu, tbf if a Company hwyi laoditfii. peracnaid 
lalla it at SSa., this Om SOa. «( dilTiMiee thu aHottad If 
tbe intcrmediata lud-jobbar hliga npon tb« Back at Oa 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



tt 




_ . .. Bt hom(i>i|litutb«miKhuicniNd,bnt 
kBcmplDyaent vOiiUb«moratiBUbnnuidnf[ilir,huestt>xa 
•comBodaUOD nperior, and bii oatgainn lomdrhit Jrii 
tku tbcf mow m; w that bia caddiliOB, Dpin the wholt, 
woold b* Binllj, phjucaUj, and mOMlSj adnnod. la tba 
latter eaaa ■sin, Ui» wttlei woald be fraa, eompantinir 
t—kiag, &sm Iha kvUupa bow eapnincad in thi baib 

tht Boat (csDOBiealapplkatioa of labour to laad, and in tba 
Mit pratttaUa aonuaana of ita pndiKO, botb nitiual and 
•KikiaL Tba ABariaao wai baa taoght in oa« ptaetiaal 
kano, wbiib vUl not aoon ba iargtUtu, lit, too azclnaiTe a 
di pfndonwf panAi Bariea Deottoa, totka p«nl«et ot oaltint- 
if tba roBooreaa •( our on ooloniH and Indian impra — a 

*■ " " "^ "aa J not iu^tlr ba tamod a paralr 

la eitcb-pcBDj prnudpla. No*,lt 

B irf thia kiad with bar orioDiaa that Bugbud 

.aftn^nl 




ba bnoght into tba Md u 
bboai of tbo Httlari. la iboit, 
lorm a oMtn ioriting Aald than tha 
ilj tin oDi paopci liboorera, but alio 
'tan of iBodowieri, hrmcn, 
im aia likaviaa, not oalj idla 
rata of tba j[ionad, bnt alio a hHrnr bardm in nan j 
upoo Cbait pannt* than tha fonntr, the labonnn 
npported In poor lataa. Hithtrto oor axlaulTa 
ealaud •■pita ba* baa looked dom npoa b. 
hmcra, aad tba boUa riaaiw of irtiaua, aa Ijiu at a knr 
.. „,„ig ([,(„ 1^ DatbK-aoontij, wiUi bL tba baav 



• of tbingi, rnnti 

w iaiBginaiv low !•' 
■ DO piaotiiiBl or idi 



la mothsr- 



tefi ihahaa to pay; hot aaah 

lb( iboTB !■■■ Iiniiia to be trai aa 

■f tht eoloaica, eanoot ba joitillad 

tiAc iTOoada, bat tba contiu;, lo uai lar u 

indaUriil naoonaa oagbt to bs deratad to tba 

la^itiuta lard. 

The nlatioa that onght to eiiit betwsau 
tDODtiT sod htr coIdd; is thai a social and inauBinai one. 
Thii is manihat troa the lut and preceding paragraphs. 
To tboae who look apon money aa the repreaenUtiTe of 
ferilbing, the proposition as it now staads miybe ob- 
JKted lo ia amounting to aomelhinfi like " paint and 
rinuth." Bnt thia objection ia alnadf rirluill; aremileil ; 
foe onr ooloniea have of late fears beeQ tspldl)' liaingin the 
ntioation of the general pablia ; so Ihat if thej ue not 
h; thii lime ahead of the mother- con ntrj as an inveiUnent 
for UodowDtn' and ttnanla' capital, skill, and labour, Ihej 
Ire not far behind, andera properlj-oigaaixed sjttem of 
emigiatioiii aeltkmenC, and a^triCDlture. Ttne enongh, a 
im amonnt of idlenesa, proSigac]', and pinperism still 
eiiiti in the mothar-coontiT, wedded with no amail degreo 
i4 piqndice B){atnat learlug her OTerbardened and crowded 
iinrides and lamilf aaioclationaiiueiebBogafor the mm; 
hudsb^ that aontlnno to ba aiporianoed in our oolcniea 
h; tboaa whom misftstaaa baa oompalled to bid famil; 
<i» «Bd btlmlBiid aa aadleta farewelL Bnt aathiaia the 
"TT itata of thiDga oomplainad o^ for which our ptof oai- 
lico ia intendod to make prorialon, it would oonHqaantl; 



ba mBn; dagreea irons Ihan abannl to adranoe it ai tha 
role, aiBce it ia by hjpotbesia the anliqoaled and even caa- 
demned aioapUon, the verjoppoaita of the piactioBl atate 
of Ihing* aoaght interoaof the propoiidDn. 

It f^lowa from tbe laat parairaph that the iharehoklna 
of anj Dompanj, or the member* of any ajitem organuscd 
for carrying outthepnipoaitioDintoprBctice, ooDBiatof the 
emigrinta or oolonlata Ibemaelves, and their relatiiea at 
home, it ia a family affair between the molhar country 
and her eoloniaa, and at inch its whole working deiaila 
■hoald be faithfully carried out into praetica according to 
the moat adTaoced atate of gcience. Improper booiehold 

animate power,are jnst aa disattroQs to colonial agricultiira 
aa they are to facmiog in this country. Between anch anti- 
quated and improper means and the adrerae (lia., the moat 
iinproTed bouBehold accommodation, implemenla, ma- 
chinery, sleam power, and other mechanical and chemical 
applianaea). there ia hardly acomptriBon to be dravs ; for 
the former (the bad), is Ihit which lowers at prsBent, in the 
majority of easea. the general etaudird of colonial agricul- 
tare ; while the latter (the good) would place the coloniit on 
a lenel with the best Eumers at hanie. In uthcr words, the 
mother-conntrj and her oolsDy ahonld stand apon a footing 
o( eqnality in every respect, with the eiception of the 
laboar or reoiaiming the land when heavily aoTared with 
wood, whieh onder proper management ought to be In 
faTcaFof the colony, and not against it, aa some pseudo- 
agricnitnral and political econamists have baatily con- 
eluded ; for it fnmtshes a aonrce of employment for la- 
boarera and artisans, and of timber for building and other 
purpoacs, and for eiporlation. AcoloDy.lhenrore.euohaa 
Canada, fbr example, requires a larger proportion ofla- 
bonrersand artitansin eonneotion with the "lumber and 
bnitding tradea" than purchasers of land, and thoae eicla- 
siyely engaged in the purely ■gricoltunl porsDila after tho 
Iandis;ecltimed,aBdiathemannracturaand commeneofita 
produce; and snob a demand is exactly that which snile the 
Bupply of the m other-country. Itmaylbererore be taken oaa 
practical exemphBcation of the ebaraetar of tba faany, and id 
the family relation that raqniiea to bt aatabiiihed in a ndanf 
like North America. The lalitnda ot tba Waat iBdiea, Cape, 
East Indies, and Australia iMangaadidiflbnntfton thai of tba 
Bioth(r<«ountrT, their respeetlie tystanu of agneBltara wonM 
be different, but iuotharmpectttbeTelatiaDWOBldbaaiBilar. 
In short, tbi problem ia to plant oni aaTplBi popolalion in 
UieMrt " - ' 



the field of labour, the first work 1* to potcbaae, at 
Gguia ai poauUe, the land ; the aeaond ia to Ul the tiiabaT ; 
the turd, to bnOd tba bomattead and eottacca; fenrth, tba 
onltiTBtioa of tCo daatad land ; tboi IbOowa aaad lima ud 
harreat; tbo bilsno abaat snd tba pnfita, with tha innmiag 
np n aoDdndiBg qoastioo, WiUUfant 

Tha ptaetlaal agawat lo tbia iaipattaBt piaetical ftnala 
hiugas, of eouraa, upon the profaarional afciU aad iodBStiy of 
tba colanialt. We are prapand to quota BtnaeiooB eiaiBplaa 
io which individual niterpriae ii highly soecaaafiil ; and tba 
general pmsptrity of Canada mnat ba taken at hniahiog 
■imilar aridtnca. This ii mora eipcdally tha eaH when tha 
diiadiantaitts now eiperiinced by the laatnijority o[ aaltleri 
are taken iDtDOOniiderBtiDD,rariI tha bardtbipi and mnghnesa 
thus referred lo eon ba done away with nnder an improred 
system, then it is msnifeit thai a higher degiet of gancial 
prosperity aod progreia would be iiempliflad. 

TnmiDg to the mothnHsuotry, wa ban lailly, ip eonelaaiDn, 
lo rariew oni sntplns population roll, of fknners, sgtiealtntal 
Ubanrers, carpantert, matoua, ftc, Ac, now on tha look-out 
[or farms, amploymant, See, , ftc, but who cannot Ind at bone 
what they require, in order to aicartaia if tbey poataa* tbo 
nquiiila amonat ot aUll and iaduatry to nake tha pnjeet 
pay ? Takhig tbam in lb* nOM, wa ara a^wwbat afraid to 

pronouDcaBmralantadopiirioaiBlbairlb' ■' 

time it BBT laiar ba wU that Aokb baadi 
who woald show a rami 



THE PARMER'S MAOAEINE. 

TbmiiiMts MiitjimA«ki>i|taiwUih«iMld|»nMtkn Ilka wllfc tkM Mr kUe-baffied rwtm A 
h lU qnctt at nniii IHbWi utd utau>, who i«eiii ii( iilly varhlaK qrvtrB «n)d alw M>d tiaU} to fa. 
ii NMtnlU nlMllU udM > prariri* ai|uind prara tlw notal Bud indutrU l ll B l u l W <l th» UMrm left 
itb(BkMtlMNMaaaFMWir*lhMM,«U«te|b«>dialk*Mtk»«MatrJ, W.B. 



Mnutara ii > t«i7 tMcntial •!( 

flUprw ='- - 

!aiutitut 
rlioD of 



RETENTION OF MOISTURE 

litvprodaBiDg 



IN TURNIP LANDS. 



nDtrimcuL, vhirh iloei not 

poroni aatnra of iU aomtitn 

gtutioiUd so a tact of tht pitl 

itof ct"- ■- =- -"- " 



ptniolc* *n warmed, Iha rcwU c 
Horahtdi mi ngBlmUoD u ofa 
imnli bippeai on all dr; Itadi, 



pUnU are ■hrirellsd and 
iked and dec*)). Thii 
* grtiiar or leusr da 

olulki diSiring'oaly In tha riUo, not in the made or man- 
nar. Theea light IodSs loila bein( Inrnip landi, or fi1t«d 
to >h« growth of tlut eacolent, and mnUtore being ■ moat 
MigiituI food h> jonng and tender vagetalion, aa milk to 
tha child, the praianaa of It in the aoil fur the OM of the 
Inniip aMdllnia, io tha drinlieaaoQ of tha jaar, btaonia* 
tha moit impurtani paint in torstp hnning. Soila 
oaliuallj InDia, portnu, and dry, batng plaoad nndei 
an arid olinute, tha obllgallaa ia raaUj '~ ■ • 



u aipoMin of Mik, iarlag tbt driett pariod of tka lain- 
mi aM*M, oaoaM tb« a*apanitloa «f awMaK, wUah ii ax- 
hautad bj tka ran U tka ana, aad Taoithai into a this aii, 
A ooatinaatiea of drj waathR aihaaiii tha qnaatltr af 
Bobtan is Uw Mil, « dnriaR that tlaa tha working of Ik* 
Uad it ia pn^raai in baiui plaufhadf karrawed, and rolled, 
aad ooaiaqiwDtlT npoaad ta tba tctiM af drODnht. Hi* uppai 
■oil baoarnaa a irj pulTariullea that it wbullj daroid af 
noiitnre, aad in Ika net unriequnt cu« at a portion of elar 
hi Ik* aaapaMtioa of tba hUi lb* nirtaea fronnd ia nodarad, 
bf tha lapaaud aipotaiM bj pleogbiat, a oaUaetian of lauU 
dried eladt, wkiab pan oalaa cb ad betwiao Ik* ilaa of tha 
banowi, and an ptaaaad iota lb* froaad bj tb* mU witkoBl 
being aroibed. aad an thaiafore IneapaUa of anr fniihar ra- 
dootina. U balk caMt of aiaioiialian, tke larTao* ia wbdlj 
dattnd of vaiitan— baing an arid pultariiatiaa aad a bbib af 
■mall dried doda. Taniip ttadi 
pantioaa, ailhir ia dtiUi ac 
ttialj and Uagoldlj , a aarac 

Thii dijnaaa of wU aod aridit; of eliaala ptaiail* oiat 
Baolh Britain, ar the nnlbarD half o( Enfliad, wbilit tha aeil 
aod ataoapher* being oatarally nabiToiuahla to tha growth of 



a tba Bat imnni 






.... .... tt plait ban>B*a a point of m 

intateat aad aoxiiCj. Oiir tha wkole of Scotland, aad the 
north at England, a nnifotin and Tery laoceaiful ayetem 
preraili.bj reaaoo of thefitranrable aoila and climatra tt 
are enjoieil. The laila of Booiland are moaily allni 
eartha. Ijiog opon primiiiTe faimatloni, in manj cai 
fjjrmlng the true loama of ilioona eartha, cltmnij and i 
haaire, bat caaily acpirabed and reJnocd, and again eoheti 
in a lUta of real, to loibiba anJ retain the neoeaaarj mo 
Inre and caloric. The** loama reat tipon the BandatoJ 
the oppenuoat deposit of IhaL coantrj, and bare anjojei 
OOBkBiutiir* of lime, whieh Ilea npon Iha oarbonlren 
baiOi The quality ot tbe aoll* la Terjgood; and bei 
ai^tad b; the freqarnl riina and dewa of the coi 
trj, readen the aoccaaa ot gnwiag tnraipa almoat e 
Mn, Wheia tbe loUi an nmared tram anj niitnn witli 
IkMiiUuliniMnlilooMMtlbtillMeUmatotd frtqwnl 



The mode ot groxing tomipa in North Britain ia will 
known lo ooneiit ia repealed workinga of Iha land b; 
ploughing, harrowiDfl, and rolling, nnlil the aoll it ledaced 
lo a inffieieot Bueaeaa end hai baen oliaood ot all wtadi 
and aionea. When tha B>a»n haa UTind far tDaiif 
turnipa, the land it »iied kj the ploogh into tidiku, 
rhich are aplit and ranraed orer the dniq that il 
pread in tha inlwralt of the dtilla. The two drilliaji 
apoea Ike laod to araporttion, whiA ena in lh*aa faraiN 
tbte dreonitaaMt, ia gattdad acainil aa ■wA la pauOl* 
by tba work biing done ao qaickli aa not mere thaa kall-iB' 
hour alapMt !nm Ibe gnond baug Moted b; tba plaagk 
- - rid(1al, the dong laid or apraad in Iha ial<nak,tba 
renrttd orai Ike duag, aud lb* lamip-iaad aowa ia Ihl 
tilth of toil, aod alao thai 10 ai It daft inlanaae U- 

taatn tba wotliiaga. Thia prciatn raanit " " '^-' 

fnea of titeniin faroa ot 100 acraa and a 
faraa Kpota Iha aail for a laa«ef time, 1 

tha loil by Ike twa drillinp kia beaa plrliaUr ra . 

aowiac Iha laraip aeed an Iha Oat aoffaoa br Maal ■( 
Itngthaud ooalMia that Mah* a rat in Iha froaad ta raitln 
Iha aaad. Tbia aod* raBoraa Ih* aniaamon af two id- 
liagt, bat iaaan Ihe aljeetioa ot dapaaHing the Mad ta a 
parahad dual on tha nrfaoa aflat tha laad haa baia Mptaal 
dariag Iha w^iiag. It raaalia to adopt a paaatM by *M(h 
the nptoniing ta dronghl of tba laid by tha plaagb iii» 
marad, aad tha eaaiaiioenl enpoiatJOD ol moittira pitiali^ 
along with th* Ml [giaiag the lead into lidglata by bof 
iwlra drilled. 

In the naaal tin* of plonifhiDg ttnbUta iftar kamit nl 
in Iha early viatar, th* laad BOal ba plongbad la a d«t 
loond aqnan faimw of 7 at S inehaa, by tb* pewa ol IMa 
ot foor hotaaa, if naaenary. Tbii daptb la nqairad, tl 
afford toil Ibi tha aabaaqnaal opiratiaat af oaltiralita. !■ 
tha tpriag. when the dry aaatoa illowt tb* aliiAif ol oialB 
Mowt, rialtytaa'thtmw, wtthlbapowaroflanrbonaKii 
dnvaa aeroatlbt ISetd,iflba aod ba of Ihomay Ugbtaatani 
ilany way ttiO and waiy tba bat working nay btltulkota^ 
aa it will tuim bnak lb* taitnn fat the eeooBd trtniati 
whieh will hedoM right aoro*t. The laad, haiag Ikai at« 
mored if li(ht, and twie* if ttiffir, i* to b* bairowad, nMi 
and harrowed in tha oanal way, tha woeda pkkad by lual. 
and tnnovad with ail atoaaa fitiiii tha gtonid. In Imi Ir** 



groaad ie harrowed, rolled, aad barrowad, wMa tW w*t* H< 
pkkad and ranwad. The third woihiag (In Jooa), doae iaik 
aana w^, gaoenlly prapane tha groaad ibr btjof mumm 
and aovi t if lot, tbt prataat it lainalad. 

Tba hud baring btea deeply plaachad, tb« flnaa t( tW 
gmbbei paaatrala the depth, aore aod ttlr th* granad, oM 
ia Dot tnnad ap, at by Iha plaagh, M axwart, iM 
tha nnid llnat drag th* waedt to th* Nrbe* wilhtal 
».tiln. tb. langtba, at It doo* by th* aMUUn *" 
la cntt-plongbinir*. TM watt ii **■* 

aa (bar hortet ii tbt h»»»» 

dally il th* tmwMllopiU' 
ta flight aetat la Ih* aabieiitil 
adrailaga It In Ibeleid lol bdal 
aoly II tW wlitir^ ■tiMin ■*■ 
ad by *k* IW 'rlu II a iM i^' 
ditioa bitiren th* aUrrl^ (or a Uae, thai •laavilt kmwM 
lb*iM«n*la bM«Mnth*«aainoaBlotighligt. TkitflmW 
^[^•jr^ Mtto bt ifplM In fti«BMV iod lUM « 

izcdbyGoOglc 




THE FARMER'S MAOAZINE. 



lawariBS Hu grauBd ud mwIdr It* M«d. !■ tin MM «( 
iiiag utttiM totaom, tka gnmad l> ta b« ridgnl b; Mi 
torn* of tka «o«»ni piMfk U U or as IdAm diHut. 
Tn plnwhi «1Q drill 8 to 10 Mm ia ■ dtf i «nd Bon^^ 
dn^jrllTwin WW tte wm qnwliljr of fpoud with Med ud 
■uoiB im mliton.tb* cooltcn ipUtltBC di«p1r tt« Mw-aida 
dlilli In ■ mM> of rmh tUtb, fal whieh thi Mid li dcpwllttl, 
u4 luMBdiUdj pr» »i »d clowl; Ont it • mil of moitnU 
itifhl. Thau proetiw U« doM u t dow IMCW- 
din, lw(Bn !■ the moniiif tnd fialAcd ncry Blgl>li Biid tbe 
bud ii npMad dnclnft tht TCfT akoft tla* whM tba 
ples|ta and drop-drill nqnira to walk oret tka (maad. It !■ 
I qt^ pcoMn, ud Hmat ba qaMilf doaa, la oldai to nttin 
lit wHitora. It aoTpaMaa aaviog oa tka flit poDod, akd da- 
^nttUMiMdintkMktmk; and Id tha otkar way It la riaecd 
uoif tka patehad dnil oa tka top af tka gtaaod. Tk* md- 
natifc of tiBth tilth ii woitk ■neh mart tbHi tht labou 
lUt it bcBcrad h j drillinr. 

Vkcn fim-rara dung la nwd ai BaDiin, it ii ipitad on 
tilt fla* tnrfaea at tha praparad itnaiid, tad plMghid nndai 
via ana fsrtov. Tbo larfiDt ktia|t liglitlT hirrawad, tha 
nnip-Mcd i« HWtt is nun, b; a maebiDe witk long egnlun 
to wka Tata Id tba cnnad, at by tka aoni drill <riik Mvliit- 
nfi 11 tba reqalrad nliluiaii. A liiiik hairnaliiE ai a ndHaf 
DTfn tha Hid. and Ibe Ittttr praam bail aialadaa tka 
jnalhl, bjr pccaalBg tba poaad lata a ptalo aniftaa. but ex> 
fom tka jDODg aa*dli>f« MM tkaa ikt raaghBaaa (Mb 
kamviac, wUek glTat protaatiM in tha hollovi of tba toll. 
Bat nlUaK ia ta be pra<eitadi and a bnih-hinav may fo1la« 
iL Tha ridgaa at divMoat of Iba plonihad land are mad* ia 
nia ta aoU k vartaiM atuAw o( ran la tMatj^ghl inshai 



lUt^iilUnf doaa aot afford M good iMWiililiin to 
tha KDflK ai tha ridglBg of tha laad, >b*n a hallaw 
ii pnunltd to ill DDmtrietad actioD, tad ia wbiob tha 
vaada m diatn^ad by the npauad ; 
tba ioU *afr finalr palnriaad, Tba 
woA- ia fati^iTmiag, bat «llh i 



Hm aeaffiar daia 



bf two dnllinfi, and annUiar tb* 
It will ba both moTanfaat and adf aotafaon* Ibat tha lUawa 

of tbo fkim that an usd u litter ba aat b* maobiMir lalo 
^ort Itagtbi, to ba itrawad ia tba juda aad slud with tba 
fiat of tha anbaali and aihttitad wltli niiaa. Biiog Buiiad 
rron tba yard ia tba baah eonditiaa aod ipnad etar tha 
prapirtd nonadi, oaa plaojihlag will oorar it, wbca tbo 
tomlp Mtd ii aown aa aboie dlioetad ia rawa on tbo tat 
•nifiEa •lightlji harrawad. Tbo eat ilrawi baioi abort, oad 
iha (teal Battan bnlna anill by tba ipraadiag-htki, tba 
plongbod liod with tba daag na; bo agalD wioa(ht wHh Iha 
btrroai tn otdar to Bli iotlBaldy tka ioil aad tht doag. 



may ba dtdlad b; oaa rnnow of tba ooBauio plmgli, at tor 
aitddil MutiM, aad Iha aiad aowii oa tba tidgirt* by tba 
eoniBOn two-drill •owing-machina, or mt; ba aown oa tha flat 
giouad at hM baaa datatibad. 

Tba mltiog of Iba danf oilh Iba aoU will mj tt ' 
tha rataiUoa of laoialDt* (a U(bt aolb b; tddtaic a 
\g tba qaaatit; af akatatara which It e 



THE WEATHER. 



Ai tha p^Iie paj far wlul ia aAcltd in our iataruUoaal 
— . — .__!_._. .... -Jl img J cinin, (g " ; 

u obadiaat aBmnt, 
jAUBcn, jjwe. M. a. firiaoT. 

FORECASTS Of WSATBEB. 

Ibay ftnoua biTa aifcad qtMitiont ibont IbtBEtita of wat- 
Aar tad thofr prindpln. Bona hiia iBpnfnid tbcir teeonn, 
lad thwbave damnrrad to thdt btTioi an* dtlBlo tnalli 
adaotik biait. 

Xo doabt lh>t u nry dUTarcnt Tiawi o( ttmoipbatlB eom- 
wotloai ot chanfaa tri takaa by abla bcd, ineb inbjceti niy 
nredj laaB «ottta tbnr aaniat atteatlon, bteania u yd 
tiry biia not baan bnoiht to tba taileatioa of a ririd 
■ukwBtifil Mialytit. 

But to — ■ -' — '-' 



liaaaHtt ... 
dtdiaa IhciT atody oa ^tniltr groondt. Halaotolon ant odI] 
■boaodi la phyrietl tlet^ aicetii*tly Diahl ti well ti Into- 
laating, tait It daBaadi id utcluif a ria{a o( lotclltelual aad 
turtBdy oaaprahaaatt* oaoajdaratkioa. 

Oie eaaoat ttka it Into Ml ata wltbont dna atndy ; y*t 
«bo h tbaia witheot ta indapetidaDt opioioa of iha wctthar, 
n't ptfbapa too UtUa aodccttood birOBitilc iadlaUoni ? 

BatiB( uotrtldaod that tb* prlnapal atnoqbarie nuraoti 
iM iaacaaantly ta Bora ar tau drettitoDi bat Botntlly oppoud 
prarot, taaaUnM aid* by ^da hot In eontFtiy dirutioai, 
toattiBaa Dtparpaaed, on* or other bliof naaroM carlh't lar- 
bcttBpararlly.aodtlwtn hafing lilatti ai weU ta dltecl 
pni(nari«a,wabtT*tdiia to their ^atBetty by obaarrttioai 
u dutaH atitioiu, tad by tdagiapUac to a ceotra, aoBawhti 
bka thatwhkk ^gU ba pyen iaatidtl Ntanybyitaipt 



ewiagisg in adranoioc w raeadisg tida itiMiiu to ta obaarrs 
at a lied ila^on. 

By tha tiuiDD or baioBttrio pitunre, the ttrnpaitton tnd 
otfatr ehtrutniitici oF the air at etch lUCion — by tho 
■ppniiimtl* koDwIedga aow pounud of tha eel, tdio. or pio- 
griiuan of aloioapberie eairanU— uf Ihtii relttiTi bieidUi 
boiiiDBltlly, ud nf the cirBnitinu eddiea luniUf , oi oltni, 
between tbeic idgei 01 booBdoiiea— oo* Biy tell what coadi- 
tiOBi of air aiiit within »■■ hoadiad bUu tioand — ny, a 
taatp of 600 mile* (ran Loodoa (te a oealra). tod^ which ia 
of fii mora rilee, whit obaaiaa or BoraBeale are lapeadiac. 

The captbility of doinf Ihia tot tboat two day> ia tdraoca 
raelt on Iha proTtd fact of a general lateral tranelation to- 
ward* the atit ia tha Tempwita Zoae, while aonhicly, 
•outberly, or other (iniiefi) cnneota ofair tn ia very Ttriaat 
nuvimaBt, tb* piietical rcaulta on aartb'a lorbea being 
oeually oempoiite motiant. 

By thai aalinttiDg the atmoepharic am abore, aroimda 
and within una boodred niki of tu ; by aliUcil obienttiooa 
tt th* iiBs hoar, tnd hy lammiiy oalcDlitiDne of e djoeBie 
ehineter, all tba priDcipil laaliani tnd chtngn tie bcoigbt 
within the grtip of forecait. 

But tbie ipplici Doty to Hoaitl and ptiacipal iTengn, aot 
to loetl peenlitittiae or ipadtl diitarbtncet lO limited In ulara 
that thay do not tlfact mora tbio a few eeoia nllei' eiptiua 
of ttBoiplieic. 

It ought to be kept la mind that biotd ihallow carrtnti ita 
the chief tisM rettuiei, below or between or anong which 
there eiDhe DaitciDcy, uoleii momentuily, tawbcnarloleat 
blietorwind ie ciaied by t ludden (tppiouaule) Tteaam j 
and that when cnncali act agauut etch other [gnrity ro- 
itreininj; opvard moUaD] their tandaoey ie to caota mot* or 

The Itmeated !Eipy itid Ihtl wiadi alwtyi Nt frota tha 
place of higher btTDmeter toward! that of lower, but ha alio 
■aid (whieti aonie wiitan leaB to ban oeerloohrd) Ibtl lb* 
meeliai of each windt eaatca a dicDllool effect Zipf ^ 
Tieke leeard with tboa* et Iba MtbsdtatlT« Don lad 0« 
«wa iUuatriwu HatKhtL 



.,1b, Google 



THE PARMER-B MAGAZINE. 



Wilkoot iaij (bUowini __. ,. „ 

Dttion of Rutnul luid ur twTiof (raU bulk, 

dtfi ud more Dt len sii Merita, *' 

eonlinf to mvekiBaietl Im, Mm _ 

til caiiaili inWrmii, Mif anre>iitiD|)r, 

MBtiothat (or i tia*, npceUlJT i( in npid BOtiosJiutlikB 

Ike eairenU ol wtltt in ■ riwr or in (ha ua. 

m fiaafwuil (agunat franUtioD). 
WiDwnt 1 gBHiml, lilanl. 



ntwud in thi iaUitnpical ittiOBi,inKlditkiB to 
nanaiimu ■oiamtnU from and toaud tha folci (ol aUch 
full cipluuliani uvptca alatwbtio), itvonUnotbipoiublt 
to loncuttha chuictatof wiodandBcolliubtjMdoiiodaj'i 
btoiTaL It ■■ tha preaeiaaca ofdjmnue oenotqiianBai, ariaiog 
oat ot atatkd licti, that tnabla a tmUj adtstiSe oakila- 
luM ol piobabiUtlca to b> mad*. CattaiatT ia not jet attain- 
■ ■ • • ■ ■ bility, (i ■■ 



ItTabj. 
dMalMMU ot 0D*a|0 niM wa an now niaDinL id oaoua ana 
diiactwith oonUaaoa. 

Witboat audi a (tnaiaU; infomad atata «a thoaU oltao ba 
BorpciKd, aa «a ihoald dcrifa ou wanioia aokij from dii- 
tant atMlOBa, and thosld Dot ba ab)*, u bow, fiaqocatly to 
wan arm oatpoala mek at Kaira, Valmda, oi Bodwlatt. 

Ihat arreia ban oocomd, that *■ hire boen too do*, m 



■ ban baiD fooi apadal . . 

fkilnc^ «biiA ought to bo faiclr ooaaidend. 

1, A watob hanni been olBciallr Kt, to nport an the ratalti 
of caA etatioaaiT aigaal, baa aomtsliat diaconngad aach 
apaed; aetira u aitbt otharwiaa hava btca tabta in tiguUing, 
bat a raeord o{ tbtii inntilitj abonld ba compiiad, rather than 
tha cmtnrr. 

2. Public elBca ue not open on Bondaya, ud odI; a fair 
principal talagrapb atatjona are then aTailable. Hcnea than 
ii aonetiaea onaToiilabta delij betneen Satnrdaj and Hon- 
da?. 

8. No una or two partona can b" " ' "" 

Ibe fear roand from nominE to i 
oreeaatiDg lad waning ia faacdij ] 



mlijiet Df 



IiHtl J, the talagrapb oScca iia not open in gaaeral till B or 

oAeial eomaiuuieationt ara aalj pneticaUa arer to wide a 
tann ai anra ba t waen thoM timaa oT (he day. 

Tn eomaonicata batwaaa Nairn or Valentl* or BodMtbrt 
and oar oflloat ia London utiiaUr tatet nbont two bonrt in 
aetaal pnwtiet^ 

For nood of what hat been thui atlted, peihipt too do(- 
■aticdl J, ihoat tha moremant of air corraott aid tbeir lt(«at 
tranalitioB, I would anf ^t a nfcreneo to pnUiahed vnrkt, 
auept in one recent md rar; reniirkihle iaatimca. 

Dnriog Iba atom d[ lut October 29-30, anch remiikiblj 
auddeu and riolent abifli a( wind look pUce, iboat the tame 
tiaia, at mm; pteeea in 1 neiil; merirtionll dirrcliDD acreu 
EngUnd, between or by Oiford, Greenwich. NottlnKtaam, and 
Other pluti, thit to meteoioiogiiti area the; iteiof d nnae- 
oonntable -, but if we contemplate pinllel cnntnTH, lide b; 
tide, moiiid rapidlj in oppoiite diretiioni. ind bii.ng alio ■ 

chiogea mi]r become u eitj In eompieheud ii Ihoie ao veil 
deaeiibed bj tctiootuta who pataed ont of one atntam or cnr- 
NDt of lir into inotboi, u cloietf laperpoied tbit while the 
balloon wu tiltad (dn^;td aaide la it «en)bj the ooa, the car 
vat inflnenEed ditfeKntlf bj the other. 

Thia BWBaotarj aSeot w» aceonpaaied bv a mihing eoand 
like that at a tarraat of water. Thtaa eirraiu had diffenni 
taBptntorta, daolrio duuidac*, degroet of diyncat and nwia- 
tare. ud boritontll DOtiona. Tba tonod, cavtod bf pnainra 
aadAiolioB, ia aaggeatira of niioai idcii la eoni 
beat and alaMria MuidantiaHi, inadaiatiHa bare. 



In thit we, ofMon^lhanpnaantatiTCotanobaerfatotr 
morad nrtiodlj thi««||h koriiMtal air aurcnia, M liMa 
dibfing in ralodtj (ralniad to aatlh'i tat(M) ftoB aatna SO 
10 SO Hila* aa hear. In (ha formar inataaiw that of a land 




liii Britith BjitcBi hat, thanfora, inannad a large i^pMt- 
ibititr. 

What doai it e«l ?" it, of eonraa, a fieqnant qantioti. 

Tha Mataoralogis-eBlea ol the Board ol Trtd^ ud for Uw 
^dnlralto likewite, wu eatibliahad in IBSt, with i jeari; aa. 
tinwte at £1,200. 

Thii waa for naBr dnliaa, axdiwTa of tboat bow laper- 



In tiooiliiiuw, aij Iba pirailtad to lajttuit, whik ad- 
niltinr ■•17 •mn of judgment ud naauaat iuitaneta o( 
tird^ dadnan, it haa bes pivrad hf gmoal opiniOB of tha 
■antiiaa, if not alto ol the agiieoltonl intattatt, that tba 
ajalam of aMteorologiB inlorBalion niitiag now nndei tha 
Board ot lYida it mwth ita eoat la tba natioB, and ia dauniaf 
ofefflotnt maintcnuea. R. finnoT. 

Dtt. 2. 



6U.E OF THE E&BL OF 8TAHF0BD AND WAB- 
RINGTON'8 STUD AT NBWIU,HEET.— On DaeaiaW 
>rdUettrt.Tittenilliold6encahanaiaBdaeDb,thaprapartj 
of tha Earl of Btimford lad Wirrington. The aala, whidi 
took place in tha paddock adjsining the hooie, yard, atablinjL 
&c, reontlf taken bj hit iMdthip upon the upiration of 
Baron Eothiehild'tleaH.wunotDnBaaroaalj'ittcndad. Then 
wen preient— the Dnlie of St. A.1bua, Lord Boiler, Lord 
Williu Powlatt. Colonel hUrk Wood. Captain AJexuder, 
Hr.G. COnrille, Hr. George Pajne, Hr. Haair Sarila, Sir 
Titton Ejkea, Ut. R. Ten Brooch, fte. Tbe SB hortat iidd 
naliaed iB,7!iO gnineaa, bdag within a fiulioa of u araraga 
of tie gnintaa Hich, The 29 iniigala in and oat of training 
of DiiKsUaneona agei inrtged within iliactiDnal 2H gniDaaa 
each, tha lot paaaing the biBner Inr n total ot 6^(0 gaiDaaa. 
Tha two-fear-oldi, nuBbaring IB, lUdiad 11,015 iniaaaa, 
being fractioB orar 647 gmnaaa each. There waia IV fcarlinga 
luocked down br a total of 10,37& gnintaa, bring an »eraga 
of B baatioo nnder 541 gnincat each. The bigbeat price ot 
tba miKellueoiia lot wit obtiined for Oneaander, whet after 
wioDinK the AKOt Derby Stakea ( in which ba beat Ouren 
Bertha), fell«ain>ii.'' He wu pniebaaed by Hr. T. Wadlow. 
the tniier, for l.DOO guioeii. Gemmi, Buchcttinn, lino- 
tina, Beiolrer, Beithi, Knare of Trunpi, ud Heaper were 
the nut hifh-prJced lota; whilatlmtua, wboin ISBl wu (acta 
an imutnie firourila for the Tuo T^oaund QuiDeu, fell to 
tbebidofanliiibgeotleminfar !0 guiaiBt. Thifeilureet 
the tale wii [he Deshs faionntt. Cimbuieui, who, tfter aoM 
tpicited compelitidn, wu fiullj kDockei) down to Lord Bnrgh- 
lej. cideit ion of the iUarqnii of Eietei, for whoa it wia re- 
ported tin pnrchiaa waa mide, in which caae tkie horae will go 
into John Scott'a alible. The Teailion prednced rcaarkabij 
good piicti, the hcirily tagtati Archimedei, for whoa bii 
loidihip gare 720 gninau &t nrr HijeitT't itle of Tcaiiingi, 
mliiiDg tbe fibnlona »n of 3,000 guineii. The i«t bigV 
prlnd yeitliaa wu Hfdupci, bongbt at bei Majeaty'a aila in 
Jnnt, for ISO gnineu, ud now aold to Mr. Tea Bneek 



i,3io 



liai wu Hfdu 
AAO gniieu, a 

gnineu. fm Launder, Lnd Staafanl gaia 
BIO RsiMu. It the Middle Park raariiaf ula, awl h« only 

goinoM. 

.cdbyGoo^Ie 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



LONDON, OR CENTRAL FARMERS' CLUB. 
THE BREEDING, REARING, AND FATTENING OF STOCK ON AHAULE FARMS. 

great qoaiilitjr of top. ' 



'1 Rdjil 



Till iHinUilj BSttiDg al lh« Ceotnl Finat 
Md OB K0Bd*r "MliBK. DManbii 7, it Da Ki 
How, ClwthiB Fbea, Blukhiiri, ths Club hlTinn hcd coo- 
ptUtd lo ncala ttw folk Hot*!. Blukrritn, wtiitB it hid 

griMmd DD wtaich it ituda biridg boea taken b; ttan Londaii, 



Htbar 



Ukan bj Hr. H. TrtUuvj. 
n*CaAiB>AHia<ipeniD 
M DMi, the Club had bacn abtiged to lean tfai 
Sua. 'n* ComautlH had, bs tanicd Iham, b«ii at tbiir 
■ill' cad to gat ibt place at all for Um Clab to uHinbla id j 
bal Uir Wd at Imilti lomiadid in obtaining tlit loomi in 
■kieb Ibay bad then maL Ha coold iriah that thoae kmbi 

■en glad to gel eren tbat acmninodalien. 
' t bcfan Ibat tima nilTaniDiilfa thaj vddU be 









emnaiaua aid aceamaodaiioa that conld 
•said aot taka up their line witb anj rnrthet renarki, bnt 
at saee call D|»n Mr. Colauan la intmdaca Iha aubjaet 
appgioMil Idi diaciution that afaning. Tit., " The branliDg, 
mring, aad tetteaiDg af atock opon araUa fafma» and Um 
(■libililf of liieh [arBI to pmdnea neaL" 

Ur.CouviH (ParbFaim, Wabam) aaid: GenQemen, 
Ware I laake anj lemaika npon aiook, I nill jiat 
notice Iba Tariatj or aoila upon which they will hare \o 
ht icuti and fatiaued; and will divide them into 
tlmt claaaee — hear;, medium, and light aoila. BsaTjr 
land hia not hitherto euricd that quantity of alook 
It ahonlJ all of m like, for Ihe reason that it ia onkiod 
fjr thtf growth of roota; and eran whan a crop can be 
jrowii, it lery oflsn injurcB tbo laud to either cart them 
gif, or eat Ihem on, doilng the winter monlbj ; but now. 
■ith mam soma lo ud the ocCDpiars of luch Bails, I bod 
nareaaoa whj thej ahould not in the autumn g?t Biime 
poitiun of ths land in snob ■ forward alata ai to admit of 
tery earlj ipring aawiaf, and by that iQesna almott cnenra 
Bgwd nop of roota. We well know that the hesiicBt crups 
o( auuigoIdB are prudnced on olaj land when a gooi tiJihiB 
secared and a kind aaason oooars, bnt the great drawback 
t.> iheir axtsudeil caltjijitinu on such Boila Ib the labour en- 
i^ed in carting them oiT. at a seiaun of the year when the 
^rmar ia boaj with hia wheat-aotting and olhsf autumn 
wotk. I will not press upon the occupiera of heaiy land 
the nee«B)itj of iucresBing the growth of this root to loo 
^Bi an eiient ; bat some they muit bare, if Ihey wish to 
take «re of their slock during the eacl; apiing munths. 
I woulil rather see them planliuR in March 1 few acres of 
cattle aabbage (the pilots hiving been reared in some >i aim 
corner dotiDi; thepreviotis auinmo), nhich maybe ealau 
on the land intheaummer m'jutba, June, Jalj, and August, 
wbcD it wilt bear treading with aheep ; and I uxa Bure if the 
tallows aTtti-aa •arnmn cultivation wera lunged and set np 
in rtdje* for the winter, a 'eryheavycropmayba produced. 
I am no great Mend to the cabbage tribe on light bolIb, aa 
Ihej piodnce lo much woody fibre that atock cannot turn 
i3 any aeooant, bat J think them quil« wnrih a trial on 
buiy land. Every one knowa tbe ncceBdiy of having the 
fooiH onelay land conanmeJ in dry weather, ilierefore we 
mnat ti? to pinduce tbem at Bnah aiime. The green globe, 
ud commoD white tomip, it sown In April, or beginning 
oIM^, will be ready for conantnpliDn in Jnlj; now this 
iiwh^miutbe doafl npon onrtanacioiu Boila, or at least 
■■KiBpted more than it baa been. I have very often had 
>hiie loniiH readytbrnse the earlj part of July; tbeyhira 
Wea 10*11 ID May, ai aoon as the mangold seeding wits 
taislMd I If the bnlbi have not 'Jatm Terj large they pro- 



know the diaadvantagea a clij-land firmer hat to contend 
igainat, but 1 think if a few of my fri^nda try what can be 
done by «aH» lowing e«en ibo commoiicil deasTiptioa ot 
turnip, they will notbediaappointed with the reault. They 
light- land ntighbiiu 



awedea for winter uae, and grow w 


batSTeycan 


for Bummer 




me early, n 


uat be their 


m-iim, aod I aee no leaaon why. 


m snob farm 


a, vary much 


more siook may not be kept than 


t the preae 


tday. The 


medium aoils Br,t those whioh w 


111 arow an 


and eveij 




»meorih«e 


are a little too aliff to admit of bei 


Dg muoh ir 




weather, atdl when part of the e 


opiadm.n 


off for con- 


aumption, with bnllocka in the aUUa, the real 


may be used 


on the land withont mach delrimeat lo it 8 




tbii Is properlv called lamip land, 
beat crjps and the fineet quality ; 


and prodocea both the 




peraonaaay 


that a turnip grown on one soil ia 


I good BS that grown on 




ud when la 


Norfglk. that the Block did not do 


so -ellnpc 


Q the light 


lod roQla as they did upon those 


grown on 


medium or 


mixed toilB. Mr. Ueaih, of Ludh 


m, growa ro 


Ola upon hia 


and that will fait^n a buUook aa 


fast as thos 


8 npon the 



light Bind; eoila or Weat Norfolk, with from a to libs, of 
cake in aidition. The heai/ier the land that produces the 
root, generallj the better the quality. How ia it that bnl- 
iDcks are faiuned with BQch ■uoeaain the Lotblana of Soot- 
laod ? Why became they produea roota of fine qatlirj, 
Bwetles particularly, and also a large weight )ier acre. Onco- 

uf both, have for many years been striving to increase iha 
weight per acre of tbslr root crops, well knowing tlmt to be 
the basil of prifliable farming, f-^ - "■ 



1 thai 









occupy the claj land : these ooila are now moai aoouht after, 
and will I think still command more atention thau tbay 



their being ao forced w 



irjt 
ir,^d do I 



!ping well thruugh the winter J 
luch more tender than tbey uh 

md, like our improved CBlU°e, ii 
hardy as they were; ibej reqni 
1 stand achaacB of losing tbaiu I 
J -ell as in ye. 



land, wher 
whiub are 
proBtable r 



Seshed turnips t'bonld be fiaiahed by Octo- 
n that time to Fehrnary and Mtroh, and 
1 most valaible of all roots, the mangold 
ney use this with aJvantage all the yrar 
ecmmenced upon a erop in September, i 

the foUowing Aogo.t ■•- "■ • 

in ihs spring and an 



> of Ihs 



vely gr.>w 



n the east s 



d then in a very dry m 



id south of Eng. 

orth and west, 
_. _ 'ede ia ths most 
a pan I ^mw half of 



portion of farm-yard 
ng. I do not like apon 



_«b,Ci00gle 



THE FARMER'S UAGAZINB. 



JecsijeJ crop of iiweJei I am am In mj life iru upoD a 
Him *here from 20 to BO tons had bMn ippUed wiibont 
■nj atiifidal dreiaiog. Hoir ucthcoceaplen orsnbie liad 
to Blind their groond with the present low prices ofwheit? 






l9tsll> 



re of hia i 



:iiid 



lacks, «here before h<? had 
tbiiika of increL.9iL]- hia Hock, ditaiM hit atteniioQ la the 
■duclion of food foe them, for if Ihere )a iinyihing that 
^a DDi pay, it ia hiiing more stook than he cm find food 
, lUhongh I do nut think many farneni now-a-dajg will 



>j than i 



eallj n, 












I sttppliedwilb inan 
lofraoii 



lofro 



loi»food,>iiah 
hHT, We will 
J tonsfDragDod crop,aad 






ooinij-on lUtf. The food 
B Ihs. of elover ehag', tJto 



of irefiiil or olorer at 80 

tllla will wilb proper managemeDt keep a lairsized oi in i 

--' -.t». Thefoodperdajahallbe— 84lbB.of roDla 

■ "" ■■ 8Jbe. of alraw chaff. The arti 
he qnantlly 1 genersl! j nae, vii.- 
llba. of liaaeed rake, 'i Iba. of cornnml. Tbi> gireitmn 
tfag prodace of 1 acreaf Inmlpi bdJ I otclover 76 weehe 
keep for a bollock: the artifleiil food, wltheakeBl £10, ani 
bean, Indian Bom orleniil meal at £8 per (on, «i!l ena 

otboliockthat ittII not paj Oa. 'per i>e«k for Ihia keep 
■hloh will ttare £a per acre for (he roois, and £9 per 
for the dfrteteonanmed, *mii/m Mf moniirc.- " -"— 

UDl Wtlh 






ooneider if a faiTi 



leir cattle will bai 
day, and nao all atraw 
'oBiable feeding, if pngi 



; thoM who do 



Inett, he d»B very well, and It la nnile aa tnneh bm man* 
ofDBdo. With ptcaent pricea of beef of eourae more ia 
made, but he la a luekj man who this year arerairs '2'l tons 
of rooU per Boro. Tb.ise who nj Lh.t caltle do not pay 
for feeding I would tell lo take b trip into Norfolk dormg 
the wlmor, and ask tome of the farmen in the eislern part 
of Iheooonlj what (wiih the preaenl price of com) paja 
their ranla, and ther will t^'ll yon Iheir bollockl. 1 con- 
aider SB profll to a farmer all that an auimal makea over 

nlpB, aa aumg persona do, st 10s. per ton, we must pat a 
liberal price npon the raanore made hj h!i caitle andF^ry, 
often nry much mora ihim it will beari bat upon turnip 
•oils, (hat willnol bear trpadingwiih sheep (andaal haie 
before said anch Boila grow the very best quality of loolsl, 
bnllDBka doi have done, and will pay for fattening, with b»r 
anylbing tike or apptoaching Ita prcaenl price, if the right 
sort of inlmal is pnrcbaied at not too high a price to com- 
menoo with. What la the heat BortofbnMock for aDralaila, 



little ID 



dthsu 



iriably pi 



, they n 



ipply 



of cake, com, and rotli, oan ._ „ , 

kboira wbst <B the right sort (o purchase, he may looD get 
tired of feeding bollocks; Ibere m manymenwIioaregODd 
Jodgaiofabeaat »hen fat, bulthfreare itry/™ who know 
a good animal when poor. Von see men looking at a lot 
of store beast, handling Ibem all rery oarefolty, and pro- 
rnoncirrg some good quality, and aoma bad; bat I finiihe 
hand but of liiile nse if (he eye cannot In a loi tell Ifl out 
of JO without ever (oorhlng them: and now that 1 am re- 
Bommendlng the ahorihom to my brother fumers who may 
WBDt ibflr tnmlpa conanmed proBtahly, I moat raplaln, 
that I do not mean an animal that boaaia of a long pcdl- 
gree, 'or, ihongb no one likes blood better thsn I do, silll 
1 And the best bied ahorthDms are not the best bulehm' 
bnil; (hey show mil tbeirpnlnt*toperreotioD,atniighthack, 
eaioby mmpi, nice lolo, bat nnt rery grand behind the 
ahonlder, and do not generally make Booh fleihy beaat, 
lriwifU,wdoiMMottIumar«ODiiUBoiibcedon«i, Ittasj 



ireeds orealtle hare now-a.dayB a lendencT 



rery well in the tUll, but 



I have found the BercfurJs 
nch better in the fin<s iielJ. 



ihnaelo da BO, I should bke to i 
ra any quantity of good beaati ft 

rir native county, and they do di 
:ra ia the atall lo pay for eipetu 
iFlr place ia la the grata Aeld ; i 
Sniali a good many in the alalia, 
It will 1 hope Ibis week 



•t like lo kee' 



£40 « 



. Th.i 



. __. , they are io good oonditioi 

Uevon. or red br*« of Ibe Weal of England, ia a xrj 
u»etuUnirarLl; I do not mean Iha pure " Morih Di imj," 
fvr these are few and far between at obi fain and matktis 
Ididpickup fiftetnailaat Bamet fair, bat I nereruv 
manj oflbamao tarfrDmhome; the la^e coiner brird 
oF Buulh Ueron are bouglil by uaay of our araiils firadi. 

if put at once in to the etalL (hey requin a little poliencr on 
the part of (he owner, but when fat are mora lelling ilua 
almost Boy other breed, because they taavaalwaia a w^ 
pruportion of lean to the fat. The Scotch, both pollnl uJ 
homed, are now nearly all the belt of Ibem kept (I h.^m, 
and when fattened, tent to London and onr oibrr niiktU, 
It is lo Ireland we mait look fcr the main aappliei lo 'u 
feeding alalia, aa her moiat olimate and humid atmiopli'n 






ilelyfae.rdottbodec] 
rt, for ir 



will be an imi 
cameahnnetiD 



profit of their good grass land In consequence oF ibe hi;): 
price of Blare cattle. The breeding of cattle npon a litm if 
arable land— iB it advisable or not? Well, iflamti'^'S 
an opinion, I BJiy no; still, as thtre are few firms upjo 
which there la nnt some old pa<tare, a IlnilieJ mmhertliif 
be bred anI rearrd for the parpoie of fatleoing f 'r I'l" 
botcher, and, bb store cattle are now an hli)h in price, ii ii 
a giiod praoilce fuf ol! occapiera of arable land to Vccfh' 

of our tieil firmera are adopting thla plan, I will girr m; 

about iL Let cows b* aelected of good siie, of any Irwi 
that may bo bfsl adepteJ to the licalKy; elwais [?« 
a prefersDCO lo the particular treed that may prevaJ m 
the diilrict, aa Ihera ii a reBBOn for aneh aalmali beiB( lip(; 
for our forefathari had good canie, uo doubt, tor their eboa. 



_ .._ ioportaace, at (he prodoi 
dial, and quality end eptitnde to fattea fram the lin. 
I And Id be Iba chcapeit way of breeding alack fol (be I 
ing atall, aa ( am quite inre onr pedigree itock are of i 



hi^, 



and tbey wonld require mote attaotiDn thu wovld hi 
neratire to him. Ai our arable land fatmer will bin u< 
lirealest lapply of food in the winter, he will mastfa to b>ii 
hia calvii dropped about September aad October, ai cilni 
bora at (bit time I have invariably fbuad go cut lii oogibi 
•oeof r than IboM tha[ eotns after Cbriitmai, even wlitii iil 
have lived tOfether. kn dairy produea now retetan i r>«> 
price, a cow well choien (or milk will alwayi pay (or bn ^'*9- 
and pnhapi more for the same food than a filtsiiin[ oi ; but 
then what Is the dilTtrenae io the ralue of tba minurt? 'Ofr 
•omctbing conaidirable ; thcrafara let as be canfol, asd sbI 
keep too many ; enwe will piy fiir ■ portion of artillciil l 
and ekoBld almja, ahni good milkers, in iriatai. havaM 



toobigb feedliigaDdloolDW— thaooeontbBiMteo' tip"i"< 
and the olhai tor tha aaka of thi will doisf of Ibi twmii. 1 
wouU kdviM u ompiK of «nUil*BdMttn|i<rabiifN*l 



THE ^ARM¥:R'S hagazink. 



ikKk t— maA itav. Th* tnsd ikitilil bt, «hH a ywi <U, 
Emi U U 4aUM. «I im4^ Mil lib. of luM*d bmI or aka, 
«iib lib. ol Ml, bftiltf, BUM, or othn- bstb, >cairdiii|r to 
pu. Tkia obo^ ba bnUd «r oMwoi viib piilMl rodU 
Hd tkdi !(•■ e u Ota. of (hd Bifb* RtfMi bM on 
■«( to tikas 00 U) aprwUn Ibi food h M koof tboi in a 
Wtkf (UU. I ban kMwa amtf fOMf otoek vuf ■«& 

l^UKl br ;b( iajodkiaBl BM oi iBav i*iV. imA Wm laM 

lb« btmU thn^h iL Bataftora 



._, ICaofaovjoaUaw- 

iH u uiiiil U* buit •( foMi, il b« kt> aa aaooBfartaUo bod 
■iD«bti hinUutBaboBMfepf^Ma, ImMabacWM 



ran tfo itaiac SO tw ([ood 
ndi Ul, in OcUbw, by two BnnkboaiiBc hrMti, as] 1 
k^ Ikas to diTidc Uia kK, «aeb mb tabag la~(he «h 
tbimt,aBdlb«f«k«*inubaUoekii 1 do aat Ibiak th«« 
ntlLftt hmi itiltonBae bttmoa th« tn lota ; jat, wben 
UarcwtomaikattkafoaaaiacapriBK, OBI bic aad^if I 
iMHtac Hfkt, £3 M £l aack aon tbaa tkt othna. Upon 
■iiag the IMOOB «f thn diflcraaB^ kaonng bMb kMi to hata 
kaithiMMinsBlitTof aitilBUlhad,! »ai Md tkat til* 
•«« gftbo cattle, tbit|»id Ike MoatBooor.mada at wub 
AanlkthMiaahadid witk bit ikiMnB; tbo ottata mn 
«lj anoadod to ia tba ooDnaoa wa;. Thn towbt n* ■ 
la«IikiUuTa<fariot.BDdl iMciaa na; olbac (amn* 
•«U bi bMtat far jmt wiofa an oaa i fot, ahaa I f* isto 
mu wa'a atalla and yaidi^ I do aot tad Ike oetrfgrt of tba 
Hiaol Madted ao atatk Ba it owkt M bo : aod «• dot ba 

Bitaad of 

«,«iUba 



Kmt « killing to par, tka nst •■ ankta 
Mbd «poo, M tlwr an B«* by aona pnnlo, ai a imiliumt 
nil, iKl <alM sotbiae bottn tbaa BaaDn manCKMnta, 
—i ofmin oaaa too. Wben ealtla an Sot pot into tb« 
Ml* {»j ia Odoliar), I pnlw bailia; tlia oal or nko. and 
>aia( Oa toMa wilk tb« ekal, pooriaa tko bqaid otai tbaa, 
■*)lM>ia(tk*BixtBrentk«iaa baap ai afatam to ibnowt 
iKSIkatn. Br Ikia taaaai tba cteS ia mda mora paUta- 
•k atd lb* Biilan aaMa tmj naddr. At tbii tima tiia 
HBU will bo pulpad or wjati ad. and aaf be BOBliBood tks 
i"t aicU M taa vaaka vth Iho boUaoki in (hi fittmu 
t^l* i bat wkBQ the cMUa baeoBw aboit kalf bt, w vttbiB i 
xutk ■ lii «aek( •( bnog nad; Ibt tba bMdier, Om aiia 
IkinMtnB.aBdthaioni aid ecitiby. Tbe baleban uj 
«U1* M oa cmkad toed do Kt iroigh voU, dot do Ikaj tvm 
<nt w faU o( (at, aad tba lotta it far from bo tea aa tkar with 
>( W ba. Nov I kooir tkii to b* eanact i and aa tDMasoa 
"nwund oalf Uat tpriait, abawia( thai, aitboal ■ (air allow- 
uu dT not*, nttla M in wblar aiJl aat (i*a Iho pORliHBr 
■■'■•^' — Mjr brattaot. vka faime ia NorAilk (npon the 



■ bii fud^ vbao I Tiailod hiai laM Fobraor i ho nae gMt^ 
Mn palpod raolB and aioTat ahaf, «ilk a m; tmH ptopor- 
t« *( ttnw, U taj, and from 4 ta eibe. of a«ke or Btal. 
i*^ «KB MBt to tba Matnpobtan liatkol in April, bt, aad 



!U, tka aall kanra a 



w botriien >bo boagbt then ooiapUiMd Boot taniblT of 
"•" «u«kin( aa badlr. aod taniag aut neb bnitw. tlia 
«M ika Nartdko BBiBttiD In tba Landna aaitat, Itvm 
Imvf la imam, h anig to tke abaoduMa o( tooM with 
nail th«T an aapplied, and I voold ban mb< of lar liiaadi 
'•"■bar tbie, wbo lUak Uwt oaltle ean ks fed vlthont bb; 
■•Ml at alL I aia nair notie* tko Tilua, MMidlni to a 
■non'i Birtia*, or aoae of tba aitifioiri fooda tkat are Boat 
o »fM in tha pnnaat da;. Withart doabt, tkat wkhA 
••Mfaant b liMoad oak*, and, wben Boduatalr pan, d«- 
wradlf *o; bat m sntt be aanftd iriut «e ponkaaa, and 
H (oidtd bf ou own ■ palBMi' aa Um bott tori of ita nnnia*- 
'"•. 1 pialai to nil Mel of ooao aatt with oaka, whan a 
nMportioaolraraiagiitBt botlbeiaUtlnpricMofeaab 
fude nil nda thk. No*d»t Boatfc*dla>«MrtiBn«hnp, 
«"« u bMM. boilar, aniaa, holal), and otkm, it ie a l«id 

■""— ' '—"' ■ ' — opoitlonofaboat 1 UK) 

pMM.MdetrriMO(tlb* 

_ . . ;a BMBi ) and whan oattla 

■IHaa|aU«,IpadnBealtB«*ka, lad gin a hratt 

*a, il p m ihia. CotloMied *aM h, 1 lad, imj 

a ini^ w whM cUit* in lUUi pt Ruofolda, tram 



■atket diannaa w 
I hara had U i 



(laia withia the laat fe* ' 

Buhbant, vko loot twa en 

and tba qoantitr wu onlf 41 

tkao on tko gnm laad. Prolaiar Voekkac. «b«a M* oM 

waa BKt kim Gk iupeeliaa, wud w« Bi(M a* well |^*B sattla 
laad " chaRj HDwai,*' aa Ibij WQflld ka quit* aa digaati- 
■iad, whiB pBichaiii^ aattow-aud oak^ ind let Ika 
well wraakad, and the sake faafv a - - 



It laad, tat Basore, bat 



the oort of load a 



great aaChoiitiat biij mj wpmi Iho Ball 
a pnniDBl liaw at thmffe, and pattiaf aiido all BDalfiii of tM 
ranoBi h»di finn to cBlUa, ai 1 ooBmhr tbcot but of liUh 
ot no nlsa ai a teat of tholr bttanlDg p i ope il iee, or abf doat 
liaaaed akaw no bettat qadtj ij analfiil than tapenkeT 
Maine, laalll% beaaa, pane, barltf , are all good food for bnU 
loeka, whan pomd taa, nad ifiTan In moderate qnaatitiBa ; 
bat .no ana of thOB aepaeatrij will in e wbae tbe weijtht ot Kt 



<wtiBgUlb*.rie«kape(dar: now I bobaia thil, in a ft* i*. 
atana, kaa bam araoadod, and yot, wbM tha otke ku bean 
pnia, BO iU (Acta ha*B raaaltad, anapt t« the tuaaar^ pocket. 
Tbe auat aitiaoat feod I aftT bad a lot of balloeka eat WM 
lllbe. par da?, cooaiatiBg of 14lb>. of cofca, tad Tlbi. of barief 
ud bean meaL Ttaia waa 10 bnlhMka thitt I paiehaaad bbbw 
Tcan an at Wragbj, LiaoolBahii*, in OetDbat ; and, aa bbod 
■a 1 kad boBgkt Uwb, tha late owner caaae op to tea, and laid 
BC^ aa 1 Toaag Ban, to laiad what I waa aflu with Ibea, aa 
tkej had btan kartog t41bt, o( eake pat dtf upon tbe glW 
Tbijr santiniad aatiBg the qnantitj I havt lUBod natll tkn 
BsiitkMd grat market, to whieh moat of than wont | tbef 
paid me abonl £S pet head ht 10 weaki' fbeding i M I got a 
lototaxltagoDdBunnn, and Torr well oat of a baaioel* I 
oan tell ^on I did not mack like, far I wonld IM hen bad 
ttacm, bad 1 known tbair aalecidenti. Ia It not eTtan t«a Ml« 
that, whan wa bu^ beaata to pDI In tki lUlla, ther Hin 
baaa liTing too well to make tha iaipniTeawBt wO eipeal 
wllb tha Ibod wo gita Ihea ? I like to eoDBeOM with 
dlba.afarlilcitf bod, wlianeaUlaflnt go Into the atelL, and 
nadaaHf tin M 81ba , lo that ther ararag* eibi. per dajr for 
tbawhoktlaetberanfoediBg. ir th«f do not pa; far Ihla 
qniatitf, Ike* taretr will far Bare, nnleat Tar; good latg* 
baeata indeed, and wben flaiihlng fM Chrlatmai market*. 
BoiH, atalli, ot jaidt for aallla i whieh at* bait F Boue I 
moil eartailj ptaln, aa tkt laiBar*, k*lng ncdar eOTer, il 
luperiDT I but I hBT* fonnd ealtla lo etalla gain qnito aa maeh 
weight, with tha aaaas emooat ol hod, al thon io boiee. IM 
nat of riaaeiag the italll ont, aed the Baoun being aftON 
waida aipond, naat be >et againit the eoit of erMiig tba 
bona, the enlj differenc* beiog that the one ia boraa bj tba 
tenant; the otkn il tbe ditf of the ludlord, Wa know 
oeerlf all tba KorMh beut* an hd In ;inta hoiding froio 10 
to 20 in aech. Tkit ia a i;atam nat to ba coadenmd, whera 
tbaro ia pifulj of eltaw Ibr lillir ; for I hat* had ettlie, and 
well-bred tkarthoin*, loo, when tbe jlHl wen wc)l litltrad 
and drr, pnfer tk* opea yard to the ibed, I do not think tke 
nanure Bade In • jard, wilb one Ihiid of ila apace eoiertd bf 



lelnbi 



otton t^an tha Aed mtnnn end pnt upon Itae land bj Itaair, 
bnl netei yet nw Bmch digerBDce between it and tlial tnada 
in the apon jard. Ot esnrM no alacnsnt waUr Is allowed M 
rOB^ m tk* **rd, bnt all drilni off into a tank. If a laad- 
lord, » ft dlatriet where atraw M pleailful and toota aeam [■* 
tba; tn ht ba11o<la io )l|ht-laBd diiUricta), olfeta to pnl ap 
hi* taaaat goad tooBf jama, with aae4hlid conred, I do BM 
-'■ ■- '^'- tenant eoght to atiBd ont fot boiri, at tbiy m 

" ItoboildandtaMnttoacenpri 

, tbeta It i* neeeeMtT lb ■>■*• 

I latt bew kakei bj I Mtwl n tdk 
tm Imun b«v to aik* bnllocki fj nron atraw and Tlbt. tt 



H 

akt ptr day. Now thii it 
nnl* tmi i fra bnner Mr 
budlf (ood mauEh lor litUl. 

S' tf Um uiini] tliil hu to < 
> iDtlt mntt gtov, u Mr. B 
■oldf, ind, bj pnlping ud a 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



iidf to uiwar, ti 



Hin I 



iit DHD it. Til* oceapien of 
■ton don, ■ lufi lit o( ta*a- 
jng vllta ilnv, hi ouiy aak* 
ito bj tbe drj iTitoB. I will 
It nr exptntnu i> to tba vkIoc d( iln* fa 
thii ; awBt bukf, oU, pu, ud buo itrew, ia tb« ordtr 
atnad ; wbwtt I do aot like for atila it mj liat, iKboBfh 
MiutiBti eoDpallid to lua iL I l»k npon ilnw at bMt u 
Bttli mora than flUisg ap (tolT, alloriiiK tha wimil to digcat 
[• fillT tba iitUj neb nitiottiiaDi load tbat a pnm to 



t h, 



n tka itall roi 



taar chaff, Bibb 









Chriitiua . _ _ 

ban a liks quanlilr of i 

and 2 buhali o[ iwedai. , __. 

rntiara tba itTaii in a mori ili(Htib1a (am tbu AtS, i>d I 
angiDaara will trj aid aaa if tOBctbiBi 
1. It i> tba imdift^amiy o( rtraw that 
DNiaata in bciat mora axt*Dai*aIj aaad ia tbe (cadiDg of 
ana atock. Wa all Dov-i-daja, aa oeanpien of u&bl« land 
•od bniaj giowan, (•*! Tai; nocli iataa ait ad ia tba «nn« 
that will ba pmaad witb reFetaoea to tba " Bait tti." IF we 
faxMn ara not aHovad to aac laalt tat ou itock (aadiai, fraa 
atdntf, it«i1lbaa|iaat iajaatice, ha w« wall know only the 
mnt qualiliaa oF bulaj wooU go for Ibia porpoaa, and tban- 
tan not in tba laut aflbot tba renaaa dariiad from nalt a]a4a 
In tba rnifoaat of bnwiof. I aaa tunura an iaked to cone 
tmard to pre tba nnlt of siparimeBta u Id Uia nloe of 
Malt aa food fbr oattla. I know tbii mueh of it> talac Ibit, 
it I hat* IB animal tatting np foi ihow porpoaea. Ibere ia 
BOthing likaa portioiol suit, gnnud inc.aod miiait with ita 
fbod, I DOW UN acasnl hnodnd qoaitara of baricf iitrj 
jmt ; aad, if I were allowed to tarn tbii into malt, inataad of 
iM baiog applied to the pradaciioo of tba lowaat piicad naM 
(fia., pork), ■■ it now », it wonld ba naad in proilBdnK baef 
aod BiiltoB, tod wonld, I am inra, Terj Bocb HTa tba fw- 
Baia' cika billi. I bsTe, I aai ahaid, dataM too Daeh 



Ja [am ; bnt I felt thaL it not -of to 
gnat Impattaaea now-a-daja u abaap fumkc. ttill thn* 
«ma nan nwa bt JBpromaaal in tba maDaRaoant af 
hdcMd atock tban in that of tba Sao^ tilb«. Mr 
tamarti lalatin to tba pndactioa of aabba g a. and aoanrai 
tnra^ fbcoonaaBptioa in tba umaat montba, will ba af 
nan aaa aainca whan ft biatr pralan tbatp t« bnUoaka, 
far wa know that at pnaat prieaa abaap ate k^t u BHob 
Itat Mpawa than aatUa. aa ngarda labooi, and aa tkar pn- 
inoa Taiy Marly tba aaaa waight of meat lot a lika qnaatity 
.-.._. J.... ._.^jj,jjj,_.i.„i. ._ .. . 



V, tba; hen an adrantai 



•f ttod aa aa OK, and tbe a 



aitr of ibaap turning. IwillaotieatbeTaiioatbtaada. and for 
what pinMaa tbaj an b*at adaptad, and with afawnmaikaopi 
ttubnedingibKk.Bad thaibeapwben titl«(iiDg,witldnwtt 
papa to a aondnaiOB, aa I am mn I mart be alnadji treipi 
liat too nnch upon you nlnable tin*. Enry oocnpier 
•cable land will tea iba Deoeiaitj ol biaading ai mtaj tbaep 
poamblei npoa ligbt aoili ti niny at ha no feed off in t.. 
winter witb tnnipa i and oB hcaiy land, bj the growth of 
early cabbage, eoleated, and caniDDD tamipa, ha will 
hare bii Iambi by October ready for hii light land neigh- 
bom to winter ; and aa ttare ibaap now command laj 
high pricei, I Ibink tbia it perbapi the moat paying 
Then it natbiog lika a fattmiag iheep apoi 



B land, 



a by h 



ingeocnerop, ooali DOltaing, and whatiitJie mnltT why, 
Buh cmpi of COTB ti BD artiSciil meana can prodoM. Tba 
flock of twee, at the time of being put to Iha nm, wilt bi giim 
a little i>atter keep, at it it condfiare to a good hoalUiy crop 
of Iambi tbat the ewe ibould be in an improring ttate at thii 
paiod. DniBg tbe winter, a portioa of tamipa rat; be gino 
with am* and hay obaff, and a (e« emthed «ata or malt 
Momba ; bot I do not lika giTiog ewn eake wbai in huoh. 

* — I . 1 .t: — . ^ (^ ,j„ entirely npao, but 

Itlneterlike befWa 

a naiBB ttaata, na 

„_ id by Um dittiiet b 

lor anbia tuan it bcMtd, tbe aart of aheap ha keipa, 

t food he nay ban toT Oaa. At tbit early taeaen ol 

I, whtn 1 hnra gnaa land t« ran Uao, and can ipua 



laabiif-, B8 1 hsn paanlly bad Inek wbm m 



- ^laotttj nf maogdda for tba awea. I praitt Fabruaiy aul 

Uireh ; bnt the latter raootb, and Apnl, will be qnita aoon 

Bgb, where tbe (eadi are tba main dapandeaee fw early 

1. Haling got the lamb, can mntt be taken to ke^ it 

ig on, and it it a good practise to diride the Held, and 

auow a» laaba to na forward. By Ihii mcana wo an enabled 

to take them irom tbair motben earlier, aa thej learn to feed 

t^ themadna aoonai than if lift with the ewe. Upon anMa 

land, and itten the laaba an iBtendcd for fatteomg pnTpoaai, 

tbay an ntdally takm off the ewe in June, H toon u tome 

— • ol tbe teedi ban bean mown for hay, and Ibtn tamed la 

ke eddiih ; and if a few early nbbage are leaJy to throw 

:btoi at thii tine, it will be of great benall, when gnaa 

ring ii lery iboit. Aa aooo at Uken Irota the ewe, tbe 

b tboold haia e aaali qnntity of eake or eon, at nothiog 

I to wdlfbritat atbeepet tbia age— ench ■■ an intoided 

Mr fattaBing, at ■ yaw old, 1 Buao. Of conrM, eton iheeh 

tbat an BMant (or bnading parpoaet, need aot lin no wdL 

Do not allow tbi laabt to go upon eaada tbit ban ben doael^ 

~iten down, and raoeh nuBBrod by aheap in the apring. •• it 

very nahoalthy lor them iadted ; and many faroen know, 

ben oaec a lot of tamba bagia M -aooar," tbe loai they hue anf- 

.>nd ; BD reraaraber ptonntioB ii better tban cnrr, and neaer 

kHpthilimbtoo)ongspootheaaBetiiod,bBt let ithaiOB In- 

idunga, TbeoocapiBnor<halkltndkao« tbaadTtntaga 

InfoiofDryBOBg^aepiaBdlwiahtery mDcboniaaQd Innd 

woBld prodnea it, but, alter r tp aaUd trinb, 1 aa obKged to 
gin it np. Doteb and ted donr snit be ateehed with laaaba 
ncy oanliiUy at fliat: it ia boM to pnt Uwaonfwnlew 
boon in tbad9,aad UM in dry weather, befon tbey go on to 
it allocelher. I ban eteB mnoh damage aiiae le ■ kt of lunba 
taroed Into a piece of Datch (dora (reah and full in the bod. 




. loM of time end waakaaiag ol coatniniua, wucd ne- 
lily oenut in any Hiddea lAann of food, n* laab, 
wnan pat npon the tarnip land, ihooM commence with a tew 
hybrid tninipt. or awedaa and while nind, aa it does not do 
to gira all awodea to yoang abaap at Ibia titae of tStt you-, or 
yen will atiad a chance of keingnty menj of 3 ont ten, aa 
tbay an bow called. When bat pnt apoa tonipa, ■ liberal 
aniqriyefcleTet and ainw cha> mntt he gino, and cake and 
eoia ia aodaraU qButiliaa the drat taw oaika, to be iaeraaaed 
aa they get aon aecuttaatd to tbe food. Coleeted on many 
-' — £ep loamy aoila it aery o«»B gnwn, aad there ia no 




a nan ooeuHioww wiu eat wiiHt tav ■ in aii— < qqantity, and a 
bufe Colawold a Linoda paihapa ana men than the biKheat 
Ggetee. II it a bad Hg that will not pay li. per week fot 
Itediag 00 tnnipa ; at tbia araoont it will coat about id. per 
week for artifidal food, leering Bd. at the return nada for 

' " - ' ■■ ' Thii, taking only 2S0 nheep 

ifor a weak, will gin £8 fti. u 
y, and attadtner, b*tid*M lAt 




an unen leu eipeBtiTe t 
pcolt; and I wonld ban 
ofthea u par- '•■'-■ —' 
tbaaert beet 1 
Boooantrfthe 



Hin w wH tbu heaa t ^ henoe kera mon 
. ban OBI Mabia-laBd fatma knp an many 
1; and BOW I anat add a tew wotda aa to 
•d to 001 great anble hud diatrista. Oa 
ptkaof laac or iBtba wool, 1 will be g in 



THE PARMER'S MAGAZINE. 

■M tbHe biMdi tU pradoM tli*( ^ulilr, for it ia Dot oolr 
tte pin ouda^ bat the quatilr anwm go (leli ihMD. Hut 
■Ieh it n wortkf b( a tuan' 



8S 



Ihi jtint mol pradpon, lod I kna hord ot ■ Buck a( ihaaF, 
Hci ind t^ together, thitlUilMr atanftd in Jb1t£1 pa 



Btj ba nid bj bmdwi to the tomtnrj, 
I p-KE inni H ina nad a( lU ow bcoidt ot ihmf tar tUi 
qulitf, H it ii pnpoM«Niu to nppoM tbitf * alicap o( nth 
lugi IniBe, mud witb lOch ■ kavrj tttaet, nqiiiM M aMn to 
nproct it thu ■ inaU Soolhdova. Aaj wDcra in th* Hiil- 
liid « NortheiB Cooalici i( ont btaod b^ipau la bt, let him 
pracunihstp with aoB* aHailx U>th*liiiM]a,«ithuliiicalB- 
Inauit, H Loeeilar-liBcoln, imd lb*ra in Ooeki ii Ihii 
routiT M eoD* uioDt thit ftttj on nippl* hia wilh bolh. I 
nmr bred s loaK-woglled ihnp ia aj lite, ud is ■ low ot 
thi Don* ; but hud I to itvt <bf ajodC oow, ud ia olnntt 
uf plM* in tha diitnet I bite uunod, I aboold fio fm vooi. 
Ai ■( euuot eoapol* with the foKigner in whiil, let oa pro- 
dn that artiela for which he Bnal be eonteDt to ba oui cnt- 
Man, ud leiTo tha Ina wooli to tfasae who like to )[raw thm. 
Iht pore Ltieeater ia taat (inag »i]i to tba liKoln ctoea, 
u4, with Boie wool and leaa fat, wi 1 be aeatselj diatiagaiih- 
aUaiiifaw jeeri froai the iopniail Liieda. Id the Eiikin 
C«(mtiai ihatt'waolled e>e ii kepi and eroued by iUiuoIb 
DC Cotawold. Thia ii a good piactiee, aj the laabi ue (ad 






jUu 



impihin Down 

in iBTODr, and opou ttieir liftat iDili, 
ate, tbe; BDiwn lerr Willi but I know 
I elaaa o( iheep mait look with loof- 
tna made for tbe wool hji tha Lincoln 
I a fair flotk of Southilowiii to weigh, 



Ull>L,Wt 



It 3a.. iu •alee 



ud mora at a jcar old than tba Sjulbdown ; boaaTer, we 
Buol all kaip loai-wooUed aheap, bat muf noia ot oa aif 
witb idnntiia than at Iha piaaaat day. Taa Cotawold, bred 
a lacp aiiBbin in Ohxwaitat aid Oitoidahiro, ind Uw 
lufe Diuaiiii adJoiBiof.Bra bif aad laefal ihaap, bat with fai 
fnai the wool-bcsriDg pcopoiuaa o( tha Liaetda, aod an uin- 
Bfallj aied hr ooT floeluuiitan to erai with the BooUuIowd 
■mlslhtr iheriwooUed ewea. There ira two bnoda at nwdiam 
qgiiilm, I Biu the BhropaBiiei ud the Oilardi. The Bhnpi. 
HI 1 reiltj good dan at limp lor eold, wet riiBltat, and in 
[act aiU do wM npoa ilmnl in; eoil ; tba} etirj Don wool 
Iku the loath or weal otmntrr Down, httao at an aailiat age, 
•ad an wonb quite ai Bioeb per lb. *bao bt for tha bntcfaii, 
Hit OiFoida ace lik« tbe cloth ol that nana, aaita a " mil- 
tin,' Cotiwald, Weit CoNDtrj Down, and Shiopahiia, all 
Miu| done duly at diflueat tinua with lb* BOtteBiiiant 
l^tedoi -, ihtj ire noteii fur dirk ficea, big fnmea, and haarjr 

Lil;,ud r^ruler, tber bid Caic to ba diiarddlj popular, and 
nitb; the attntioo of ou enbla 'annet, paitiealirlr i( ba ii 
'poiibin.clialkj, or rock; lOiL Tha nccatailf d( the preMDt 
dij unpela oui arable farmer to ktep that bited at abeep 
ibicb will alike him the greatiat letuni when fat, at tbe i|a 
of 11 U It Bonthi ; we caonot afford to kee[i am aheep oa 
hA rirmi, tating aitiflciil food far a Imgii period ; if we do, 
n jbiU not be paid [or the outlir- Aod I would idriae, 
■tela prutieable, either i toDg-wool or cni«-bred iheep, 
■lUsdjk treatar eocaumtrt tban the Dowd ; u I can anare 
}nipan-hr«d SouthdoDU i« not kept for nothing, lad I 

■araatBHiniBenailbaloag-wool. Whjia aribli lud pco- 
rnuta to gnaa lod foe the fattentng of atock f Beotaie it 
doa Mt Eutlar JtoB jaoor the land ii, prorided it will grow a 

I (tula retnrn in the loeecading com Ecopi thin it would if 
iird apoa gnaa bod. It tha ocnpian of inbla farraa will 
Ue care to prorila ctopa ot cabbage, coleaced, and raota, to 
We* (Kb ether ii «iBHaiioo, aa that tbej ban toad tar 
tw^ MaaoB of the year, I cantend that npon the tooMourae 
■}«eai man Mock bit be kept npon auch lirma tban if the 
*U1( at then wan Uid down in uraii, the eitriBe Wat of 
uiliad lad TIT7 wtt dinitei excited. 1 would impieB 
"^ "" ~ "apian of ODi daja; or tanaeiout nil* the neeaadtT 



ipatheoe 



ot (rjigg to inatiMB tha piodoctisn o( Boat dniing tha aim ■ 
UK BOiithi, for it ii at that tiaa of jtai that it oAbd paji 
bat, aa we hara wltnaand duriag tba laat U jmn, lodi aa 
iBOMaiB Inacaaaa of meat baiag made daring wiatar (throach 
tha aitadad gmwth at tnmip^ aad tha oia ot oon aad eaka 
npoa arable lud), aa iOBatian alaoat to iaondata tha Bar* 
kat. QaT-Und Omtn wall kaow the aaaaaaity at heng oa 
thairlaadln dtj wiMhal, aod will, I bopa, aaka an lAiirt m 
the dinotioo I haie potalad. Wa kaow wa eaoBOt npoa oar 
beat graoa laoda nuufa inonaaa the prodoeUoB ^ maol, and at 
aTei7 jiu the eoaaamptionjiae* oa gaining gnand, than will 
ba an npaung for our oeenpien et ekp land to an what thaf 



nj to grow com ia by k'tepUg pleotj of (took, ind doing 
Ibcia well; and neaemlj if ooa doe* not paj, the other wiU 

green en^, and bj that meana, wbaaerer com alkonld riaa 
abonitapreaentTalue,jDa will he enabled to lake e few extra 
crop! whea the^ pif jren well, and with long laaaea [withoat 
wbich jon cannot be eipeeted to innat Bcaej upon aoolhar^ 
proparlj), iron will pnre that the Biitiah fwaiet ia not qaita 
" dona np" jet. One occapiai of aa anU* farai will, 1 an 
ton, take can and bait a lean of hi* lam bafoca lio ataria 
upoaaiodaTD naproramrnte, fn itia br Meferabla to aaj, aad 
the belt of, yearly agreement!; aud I bop* thOM laadjord* 
who obfeel t'l granting leaiei ot thtii bmi (on th* plaa of 
giiing the miu(imfnt of their pnpeitT iato th* huda a£ 
othera ] will Bcc it i< theli dntj lowaidi tbnreoaDtiytofira 
to the oecnpter ol the Mil aeeniity ot taante, ta thef eaanot 
expect 1 Bin to becoiae * good timer ind an enterpriiing 
tenant. I biTt now done with our frieed the ocenpier of 
inhle lend, ind il ta* will follow aoBe of the idriee I hire 
gifen him, I think be will aaf witli me Ibit it ia not Itock 









!J tor wh**! will not fnithtea bia 
id. I wiah lerr mnnh thia aibjacl 
bad been treated by aome one more able than Bjaelf; oae 
thing about mj ramarka. tbey ve aiir eiew noliooa, aa I ban 
iial eoninlted orqnalad any lalhoriliaa; and I b*p*w*ah*ll 
now bne a diicaiiuoB worthy ot the Cantnl FarBcnT Club 
and the aanmbly of Matknea I aea betora me. 

Aid. Maosi iaiiT be was reallT qnite aahaiaad. aa M 
iproB-atriog farmer, to take th* feed, and he only did 10 
baeBBie no oaa elie aBaaiad diapond to riee. H* felt larj 
BiA indabied to their iniall^t Itland Mr. CotaBao for lb* 
able paper whicta ba had Jaal nad. He did not agree with 
that giatliBia in all that b* bad laid, mon eapecially with 
ngard to tha eoaaaaptloa at cake. It wai all nry wdl to 
aiy that Ibeyitaoald grow plenty of root* OB poor ■tahlehtad. 
That wii of eonna deairaUe ; bnt before they eoald git tbair 
mott Ibey nuit apply a large qoaotity of maBon, and he 
belieied that on a poor farm ^ey mnit ooaiama a gnat deal 
of that food which prodaced tha largist nnlt ia muoriat 
depoaita (Hear, heir). A good deal bad been Mid lately aboal 
the qoinltty ot cike thit tai|ht Ue coanmtd with idnataga. 
Hi had raceired a letter from Ur. Hudion, at Caailcam^ 
whieb the neeting would pcihapi like to heir (Hen, hear). 
It wai *i follow*: — 

" CajlJe jdcri lodge, firaadoa. See. Ed, ISSS. 

"Ht dBAB Sin, — Yoa will no doobt haie aa intareatiog 
diaeouion it th* Club next Monday ereniag. end I wiah 1 
could be there, hut I cannot. Bad yan in jonr latter laat 
Monday in the JIfark Laa E*pnn aaid forty yaan [that 
being the time we hare had tha Caatleaen fiumi} intlaad of 
Iwenli-lTe yean, yoo would haTi barn maidi below the mark, 
£1,000 i.year for poTchated manure ia canaidarabty liM thu 
hii been applied here upon the iTenge ol tba tarty yaan ; 
aad dnnng tba laat eight yean, ainoa we hai* had an addition 
o< aome 400 acrea, th* anoaot laid oil for Iboae (ertiliian 

ilulfa btoogbt 01 

deal Bore than y« nana* & iiavv lu* wm/mu i^«w giwaw^ 

130 bnati eo half-a p«!k of whaat-ncal, *II the Koieed.Mki 
tbey liki to eat (aboat I4lba.), 1 ewt. ot cat iwcdat, 1 boahal 
of cut dorar, bay, and what eat and loag Mnw th*y Ilk* 
(which il net modi) par day. nay an Bna oHd. I waa 
offend £44 each for oneyerd thia day, aagbtinaoBbar. Tbaj 
will ba aold at Ibe AUlehoiaogh auction niit Tharaday. Hy 
ttockconuit a(TOT*iypriB«aborlbonii, worth bom £2t la 
£» ud £B0 each ; 47 Dmai, tha beat qnli^I lUak I ei« 



.CitHV,; 



TUK FARMER'S MAGA2IN& 

htbm UkiMg abbtat, Tbi 



lomud «BtU» ■•■ gIMN 



*»i^; lUt Matk ind Mil. 
iag MpoB adil, Miaipi. ud kilt-kp*ck of 
eibi. o< «k* ■ dar mtk ; bat tbqr htT* to 



mar nooitli nBfilil emrlnfti apoa M. Mf m n Miuinf 
ibMl lf» hMd Df mj 6m Bboitbon oif n. KOftta fram £a& 10 
JiMud£40Mck. Boaauagawg UtkiChrabuimaktt 
OD th« 14M. Our hii|nt*M ■" <l<>i>g <"U iipwi out H«d« 
nti llkof «it* bHIi htl(«-piBt of pau (Bippad) a-dir- I 
bad OH blM ku w«k michiH Salbi. Tksa aill ka ■ laq^a 
n iMdiaf cattia Bad pina t 
■a«;bBllfeaiitiria tall a 
tala bT**ad-li9*. Tbapaoflaal Eaghmd ifaalehaip{iN>d,ud 

■bat pma npon Iha eiltiralioa of 
ua nan T Tiftai m mai» Wr, ai «oU *( tte bnad lax. T«a. 
tkat vill ba daaa akaa Ikarg ia ta ko&aot Parli>*aat, that 
itUi eluaptn Ikt poor lau'i bntHgt mihII tttakt t^*l^ 
laia* laa, (apboH (4> jxnajwrnt jmIo^m s/UaaiCB. Wbcr* 
an friaada Brigkl ud Cobdan, I nppoa* Ihoy connl tkcai- 
aahoa Aaant men t 11^ littcr-bag ii waitiDg, aad I Boat htt 
to eaadada, wnhiar Jta m fl aa aan t lawtnf oa UoBdar- I 
■■, n; daat air, jwara tw7 tnlf, John Hvdbok. 

-J.J.MiCHi.Eiq.* 
Nov, Ikora vu a pneiiol Baa, wko vu oarttial} canjiii( 
0<U (taa piindpla ol lookiag ntlui to tbe qnalit; and qoaDtitj 
of BBBure tbu to iaiDadiita proBt et the aoiouL Hs (AU. 
Haehi} eaald not Bgraa witk Mi.CalaB«i) iaabit ba uid abool 
dasgattcaud cottOB caka. Ua wia ion; to aaj tbat tbat articla 
waa not Bach uaad in ku BBigkbonrbood, bot ku aipsiaoca 
ol it naa tkat wkanier aa aqiul quutitj of dociniicAtod 
eoUao oaka aad liotaad caka *aic uaad foi faadiog. tkan irai 
a eonaidaaiMo diSanaea ia faiooi of tbe fonaai. Naitkat 
did h« concur in what He. Colemaa nii~ 
Ba had naad fiom 100 ta ISO tooi. 
pnnAaaad 100 abaap [ac Ub (Aldwai 
100 foi kunatlf. Uia akaap wara tad witlt rapacako, akich 
•oat aadu £6 ■ Um and kia aeigkboua witt tbo linaatl caka, 
wkioheaatlOrriaaaaaton; and tka batekara gar* a ihilliif 
a-plaoa bon (at ika lotBtt iban ba tke latter. Nov, ka 
thonckt tkat tkn **n boaad in tkat eaia to pn aoma n- 

take it aatiitlj aa tb«c fuida; but ahan tfaa ckamiit told 
tkni, ai Mr. Lawaa kid dona, that tha nununs fiom a tan of 
■apceake, attinat«d according to tb« prie* ol guano, wai worib 
£t IS*., aad tkat miDiir* Inun Ibe lama qouilit; ol Imucd. 
oaka «u >ortb oolf £1 llta., ilihoaKk it cotl lo much mara 
thaa tka Mbar, it irat cuj lo umtantaud that tb* manorc 
Aoai (ba lapaoka, wkicb migbt not ba ao pltaaint io anaor, 
kad aapanet (Htikiiiw qaalitiea to (bat &an bucad cake. Ai 
ngaidad liacobi )b*«p,Mr. Hndioii.vbovuiiudoablodljDD* 
ol lb« T«r; beat BDtboriCiea in England, iDied them la well 
tkat ba tiwd tbaa ow aad oni agaia ; bat m ipite o( all 
Iha high faedi^ akiak ha osold gin tkaa, kia lud mi oot 
good taoagb fat thaoi. 

Ur. CoLHMAH obtvred, tkat ha did not iailuda Ikoaaatoia 
oaaalka; tbajrnn too dij. 

AldafaaallacaloBatioaad: It ma qnita daar that luch 
_. .._..! .1 - ■ -n^TaBtagaouordiaarj aoilai 



, ■> a proltaUo a* «tU aa baaulifnl 

tod. U apaakiog ol atock lii. COaua (argot to Banlkm 

It doap t^Taliao vat oae of Iha Boat ispartant Baani 

•■ baa>f aaili al pradung rooto. H« (Aldmaan Uaobi) 

had Ibia jaai giava a« a«all*at cnp ol amdc^ abast 3S 

" ■ - i.oa TaiTHothaaljdaj, wkich 

■gaod voabad r"— ' " "-- 



■»» twaah p k w^od ia ipiiM*nd woaUd (boat in tk 
aB. Ha dial Bot cipoet ta aaa then a aoiT good 

•t ippMt latga. km tha laanlt ol that 
■at tka balb 



•I looti: 



h> ikoDMaagtahaarwdnv •< taraabi ■ 



L Thar did (hBalaoi . . 

Id aiirHia tbaii okjoBt la both siya. Tbaj aboald 
o ^nn irttb giaa iaad, a^ plaaMj il 



with atnw. Ha aaa 



otbn iaad broagkt a 
ba aajp oaaplalata af bciag 

alM^ aoirj to baar a man tou aaooi aavBg ao bbbq ihow 
that bo waalad aa opaa jaid to pnt it ia, m ta bia opiaioa 
tkat iboaad that bo did Mt kat* itoch laoiMb. Ha bad 
hiBtelf aaicf ptodncad bom itrair tkaa ha lataind. WiUt 
ragard to ik» aaMtwt crop, it aflar tan* thaj put tbe daag 
OB tha land an* hj ten, aad ttoatb- p iaBghad it ia, Ihtj 
wooLd m tkat waj a ae a ta a fine crop ol aa b h ^aa. Hia pfaaU 
ware pal in tavaada the tod ol Jon^ vbaa Ihaaa «aa alaoM 
tlvari laoi, awl thaj hid BnUad kia to faad a huge aamil 
of buUoafc atock witboat ieUDgng oa hia avadaa, wbiak wm 
pat kf, ta be Mlowed alter Cbiiitnaa b^ ^angoU tumL 
Ha a^raad with Mr. Hadna that tka; did aat aay of tkca 
laiB dbII BiaDgk. II thef kad twice aa daap eatliTatioD aad 
't vasld, ba baliawd, ba raaae 



«). 



Ur. JoBCFR Uartin (Uttlaporl, Eljr) arid that ia moat 
of Mr. ColaaiaD'a rraarka ka cnlircl; agieed ; bnl thota *ate 
>ODi< Inm vbieb ha diiHiled. With rrgard to losgaad abort 
wool ihecp, Mr. Cdntao fiapnij obiiuiad that what •aited 
oae ccnair waa >o eriCciioa for aaolbtr. Hia owanpciiaoa 
waa tiiat m tke fen dialriel, whna he icaJdad, aberlwool akaap 
woald fbtlen mock ^utekai ia tke aoBan Ihui loof wool. 1 



wilhe 



Lineolntu 



wilbl 



leoln tup. Hie laegwoot woeld gtaia qoicker, aad do bat. 
than the ihoitvool in th« wiater bcbg better able to ilaad 
tbe cold. Some obaarration* vfrt Bade bj Mi. Ciriaoaa 
with regard to con and caka. Ha [Mr. Hartia) bad triad 
both, aad hit eipcri«Bce tnded la ibow that «^ waa pi*- 
feraUa to com. Ha beKared that hoik abeepaadbaBockidid 
beat DB cake, and that Ibe Baanre waa tar eipeiioi ki 
qnabtf . Hi. Hechi aaid tbal wkea he beaid peaple a*T th; 
had too maeh atiaa ha eoaeliided thai thej did aot Hna b 
w^ aa Ikcj oniht. He lind in Canbtidgnhiio, aad be 
ihonld he glad foi inf geiiUeBan to oom and aee «ba^<r<r 
not he fklmcd in a proper Banaei. Ia tbe hn Aitriel Ik^ 
had eeitiintr aoma diOndtj to gettiBg rid of the atraw. B* 
qnilo eoHRund in what Mr. Colemaa eiiil iboat gattiag loaU 
too oarlf. Id tail dlMriel, when maagoMi wera aowa tailT <* 
lb* ipiing, thty ran leiad,aiid olcoatMlbe ■acgoldavM 
■at ao good a* tbo^ olberwia* woold be. Wth r^ud to ta^ 
Bipa. he ebonld ba glad to know bow it wai that thar naM 
' ppendod npoB. Sons Ttaie ago ■ etop of tiinupa 



Id grow at 
. Waa - 



ippeart 



aland. 



., -Nibeca 

mif artiAcial sinaFi f Al 
. -J owe diatrict tbef did aal 
1 atrav, be might i*B>rk thit 



at lew jian had it 

bad dose wdl apoo it. He had gi<r«o ai|h 
ititj al noti and cake, lad he «ai tctT ■* 



it a large qi 

aatiallea with the reinlt. 

Ftofeiior CaLauAH wiihed to call attention to ore poll 
embnced io the paper which had been nad, aamtlj the coo- 
paiatiTi rctoru fiom tha root crop aa Bwiamed bj eaUli u> 
by abeep. He thought Mr. Coleman nlued (he Rwl ctiip at 
S). a ton, lot conauBptlDD bj cattle. Id that cabmatt, Mr 
Colemao had not, be thought, made auffieieot allanoce br 
th* eipaoie of delireiiag tQe ciop al tha farm buddicp. " 
Hi. Coleman'a caleulaliooi were correct, a crop of ^f™* 
pu acra would pa; £S 6i. when couumcd bj thwp, *<^i >■■" 

Iheletdiog olihnpan medinm aiabla land ■( '""' 

than tbe iiediog of cattle oo unilu Ii 
wai nude bj Mr. ColeBiin of latcba ai id 
coald be no doubt that (heTeuk crop luocecded rer; ■•""'^ 

Cpottioa M Ibe Uad coolained a eaitiin amonot of uMi 
he DMinlatued that on limeitoDe loila the lelth "<t> 
being aovn iu luch poiiioDi tbal tha conaamptJoB wi 
tend from tha lit ol 3Iaj, oi eiea ' ""' 

Julj, wai tha moil important crop tl 
tha luBBut keep ol hii ihtop. NotUag eonld be btllei w 
tbi [atleaiogof dmp a(t« tha iwedei wcia ooanaaO, it™ 
IkadiDfi iba bmbi wbaa Hrintad fiam tha aaai. H* 4"^ 



,i pnSuUt 
aoi No mec'**' 
tifood. Ihn* 
rj nnehii 



■liir.tolheaiJ'i'V' 



.cdbyGoo^Ie 



tHE FAAUER'S HAGAZINB. 



56 



*ith lb. MmU « to tk« «M|iNttn nin of !•*• ud mU« 
NkiuiMnn Hi hid BM vilk a eiriau iMtuM or (Md- 
iat ntb rtf. Bom* }mn (fa gnm Ganu npa wu uMd 
f« woa rOHw stUk, wlieta an bnd no lb* (um. Wbn 



MbaiHtorbi 



g, linmi< ailodi* m 



iadiig p f i— I. tk* kudiBU 

tbi rawll mu Uit tM f|nH Uuau npa «u pnftnM I* 
ikoilatc, Htd tba bidiBg of tb« aluBlb ww Aaukcd silh 
tUuikl*. U* tkouibi, Uuifor*, itvHMwnrloMp- 
foH thu ib« ralu af nfMaka *u m naab iaiuiactotkM 
gfsileika. na dJboltr ww M nt 

" ■' W b* (ol ov«r, il mnU, I 

TbaMna th 



■u u brmulf, bat tlut bad net bacB tiM mm fot mm 
W, ssiof to ih* UUmiptian af Uu lorplf Inn Inniea. 
nilk n(ud ta Iha diMnpUao of tbatp which wan but 
wud for diBtmt duUrieto, W (Prafauot ColaniB) bagfad 
UiDtfcrtlbattbawael daptodad ia ■ (laat daftaa an tba 
piMn o( Um io tlia toiL It bad baas lamarkad llul 



u umadgdag tba antitact, ba prabiblj ihoald nat taifs Hhd 
bat for Pnfeaaat Colaaia'i nmvk m ta iba Tklaa of Tatobu. 
He bid naaoB, h<m atpaiiaaca, la drabt tba eoinaUnu af 
llut [intkaui'a lia*. Ia Souaa it wu enaloaut; t« daptad 
1 |ood ilal OB (ana tor tba feadiag of Ia|i an tha Wrf cJmj 
uilil ud it «H lappnad tbat SaoUidoaai ibiota apon 
ibiB. Hit owB epiniaa wit tbat tba aeiailt iutit got an 
ifoalam; ud ha bad 
' * by tba ' 



""1. ba ditan 

tbuu tUo a larga d 






iwaaoa ol ean *od nka^ ha aipaalad to 
— -till miTBi udt it wu IB BiinardJBM7 thiag, (hej 
una ippMied to ba •atiidsd (laughtar). Tha naaara 
wmtd w be T«7 Grn; but tba laaalt, aa n^rdad tba 
•clen tbeoudia, *u aat ulidaetacr, Tbat nada him 
wabt abatbat tiiea had, aftac all, aaj Talwbia leadiog pco- 
rnm in Ibaa, or wbatbar. at aU anDli ta tba eiaa of Hid- 
»Mn taraan, tba; vara inaciaat be the bcaadiag aod 
nUniog o( aloak. Ha fDoad tbM araa wbai te podi wan 
braad. tana did not aatja^orinptaiabtataimak. Ha in% 
o ttct, Hfac Boia din)^lad in bia li(a tbaa with ngui 
Io tki igaiit of laraa. 

AldnmaiiUaaBi: Hara yao aud tbas (or koraaa ? 

Mi. tTooD nplMd that ba bad, tai bad RoaanUj MBpoaad 
WB 10 bi good thiaga be bonaa ; but ho bid beea m tha 
hbit of lUoviar hii bonaa plaitj o( oali u wall. Wban ha 
iMairdt pnt tha bdfan, ol wbidi ba bad ipaksB, oI tam 
m « BBitew gian tbat wai iaiaadad to be biowd, with 
>ht amt lUowaMO oT odta lad oon that tbaf had b»l baCora, 
fr thina watt. Hamigbtadd tbathiaaoil wai attiSdar, 
M< Uba that dT tha WaiM af Boavi gaiwrdj, and that ba 
u i»t baUara than wii aBjIhiag in it to maka it dalelaal 
la (etdiag tispartiaa. 

Hi. Q. HABtiR { Hnbarft Bridga, Boaloa) laid Ut. Co)*- 



lit< tba DM af ciha dona away with, aot wiib 
wn •acoaragiag tba famroar, iuttad of eoniui 
foluei. Bulav, Mta, ■ ' 
lliiwrtaw: whilaaa 



ig loiaaiai- 



\g their owi 
:h lOld. or 
iatarioi daKtiptiOB oloakaaDiI I4d. 
- •- >• 11 lanom waan aaaianathair owa pcodaco, iaitatd 
Hciki, wbieh waa aaanal} irai gaiwiH. tba; woald ba (br Dute 
■M^awtaaL Wbaa ha had aa^ aho- it «■ la tk. «n>u.r^ 
|a* ol OM part ol etka la thtaa parta 
rnad uiakila do otBiadenUjr hMtcr i 
■ lariat qatatit; af 



11 proportiooi 



U>. DccKBAM (Bapbaa Coatt, Boaa. Hwalotdabira), 
tM ha oMainlj aapaatad that ia Itet litga Mawblj of 
MlWB aaDnaaMwUhaciiaBUBN.tb*grw>tildbaTahaanl 



■aaalbiag in tapir Io ahit had Mian tnm M». CalaMt aa to 
what braidi of cattis ba eamidarad bait adiptad far tba aon- 
iaaptioD of food. Ha had told ibim that ba did aot lika 
Hanfordi, baeaan tbif wen loo diar. Hs alio toid thaia 
that ha atoehad tiia awn ]ard aith AortharBi ; but ba altar- 
wanla nid that ha did nat ataek il wUh iharthoni, hot with 
Inth bawti [• panal of BoograhJ. No, ao, oat BHiagida. 
Ha und an teod bun to aaj that ba did not oaa Karaferdi bat 
•honhatBi.aBdtben to go oa to Mf that ba taltaicd aot pan 
bnedi, bat Iiiih biaadi. Ha (Hr. Dockbaai) Ihooght (he 
Talaa of ail kiDdi of itoek, whathic plioad in tba jard oi 
ia tha maadow, dapandad od qniekniaa of ntum. Ha an- 
dantood Ml. CslaBaa to lay thit ba did nat atlecl ptue-bred 
■aimalt bccaoaa b prita wu higba thin that of iaferiac aal- 
owli. Now, biaopioMMaad eipartHoawai tbat tba bettataad 
tba pntet tba bnad of u animal wu, tha qaitkar aod iMna 
■anlj ba wu fattaald i aad banca tba DJKbla aioapnea, which 
wu at inportaot to tho faimat ai to otban, aaanad to Ua In 
faTootof thap«ieb(aada(Hear,haai). Hadid not look npaa 
iba Taloa of aattia ai eoniuUng aolital; in thrir nuaon- 
■aking pfspartiea ; bat ha Ihoanbl thij oight to gat tboaa 
iniaali which woald Bafca Ibc U^cat qaaatit; of aeat ia the 
thortait poujbla ttms, rter haeping io iriew tbeir nonuaptioa 
of food. It baboiad tbeai at teDant-fanaart M aoowalaa food 
u well aa la piodnea a good q aaalilj ot maat. One gantla- 
isia ipoke of bii totupa totting. Ha eeeapiad a tillaga lata, 
and tlw lait Ibfoa at {but f ana ha had looad il laqalaita, 
from the aaau caaac, to ihiago Ui ajraica, aad fata npoa tho 
ire, ioilaad of tba foor-coane, ai bentofon j ud a]« baeaaia 
bii laud hid beeana dorai-iiek. UpoD tUa ijalaa ha gnw 
btiiiei cropi of clorn, beiYiei crape of rooti, and tbcnfMe 
amid keep mora ilock thea oa tha foor-eoani tj^ilait. He 
knew that that wu oppoead to tha general priadplaa naoa- 
masded ol giowiDg non griH, aad coaTarting it into atit; 
hot ha found Ibet bj taking two oom cnpi in aoaaaaajon 
after bii lurnipi, M cbtiuied a beltat e»p ol dorat. 
Ba (oak a crap of wheat aftai tha dOTei, aad he gr(v bettec 
roola ind a greatar wwghl od Bae-fifth of tba tillage than be 
did befofW, bccaau the; were tboB giTOn la rot. He knew 
that Ibii could not he done withont high farming ; bat b; 
pijiBg a gool deal of aUaatloa to tba doBH^art, to aitiBdal 
food ud mannra, be bid bcaa pcrfcctlj incouifnL 

Hr. Vf. Waltoh (Chawlon Puk, Altoa), baHeied that 
tha nana wh; cotton cake end npee^ eame to acai lineoed 
caka ia nloa wu, that the latter wu not oac-thnd u aood 
now aa it wu twant; jeare ago (Utai 
eoBiaioad a large qianlitj of bian, u 
udai lintaed. [A Himbii: Aoi 
doubt, ud all aorta of thingi (Hear 
ipoka ol IheaDpaiior aaloe 01 cattle ii . 

kept wara io good connd rude oi ehcdi. Well, thaj a 
kaaw that that depended tnj mneh on tha ludlord*. In hl> 
awn conatT tba prinDpal proTiiion fat ehtller in mia; lata- 
of a black pond and a vaggon thod (liDghtat). 



r. hear). liaiaed aha 



if beinit 
thaj all 



Tha CI 



•Dj otbtt oonotifi. Aa t< 



it ba aipactad to la; o< 



aadlorde of 



. tba; could ni 

wichoot baring aaeorit, 

England ganenll; did not acaa diepoted to gnnt. 
mesti; read m Ibe Hark Laai Erprta, wbicb wee a nail; 
good BgricnLtural piper (Cbcari), that urn a landlord bid gi<u 
notice tbit bii tenente ibauld not be allowed to ia> ton witbla 
a ccrlaia diatanei of Ibe hadgcraw. We all know whet thia 
•aieidal eonduet Bieaai. In ooatrul to thii ba might remark 
tbat hit own laadlord ukid him oal; lait wick wtaj he did 
not ent a sertiin tow ud culliiale eloia op to tha bedgarow 
(Hear, hear). At Hr. Colamu bad laid aomethiag ibont tha 
malt lu— Hi. WaltSD did not aik the Qnteriment to repeal 
that impoil u a pica to [cod cattle oa malt, or that Iba poot 
■uu ihonld here beltar ud ehupcr bur, " both rei; naad- 
fnl," but, u an old free tndo farmer, be uked whether it waa 
right to untai Ibe piodnca of lonign ludi, ud tii Iha pro- 
duce ol out owa conntr;, Farmen ben it la their own power 
to lapul the oelt lai, and ha(Ur. Wallon)bapcd atcbenal 
general election tba; woald do lo, 

Hr. C. UowanD (BiddaBham.Badfbrd), aflat thuhiig Mr. 
Colemu lor bia paper, wbieh eoatdned a gnat deal of f anaial 
infonuatian, aaid il wae well known that the light luda of 
Ihiacoualt; bad hitherto ptodaeed tha lugeat amoant of aaet, 
ud that tbe da; laoda bad baea bahiad in that leapeot. Ha 
bad ezpectod tbat hii friaad woaM hate tonahad apaa tUa 
Mlieet,aadaadaaioarad to hare pciated ent bo* mon ttoell 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINB. 



of incb ttimu bid thertbf b 
bear.} Mr Cuiuuii lUodad 
«t cabbicn on ligtai ludL 
could ipHk ol th*t liom hi) aim cipnienc*. Had it not bsaii 
tor a plot at obbigci ht woald b»e bMn Cluown on hit bum- 
•ndi, u It w>n, lul ■umiocr, w rc^d«d tb« ke«p of botb 
•biap ud MClIe. Ai to Luid bccooiiD); inrnip ink, be thought 
hmen ihould chuga th«r rcoti. Hi* lum <•« ia tvrij 
nipccC a iuiDip.|ud (um. He dan aaj it would grow 
tDToipiaa quicklf ■■ any Farm iii tha kiii|dam; bat Um 
luiDipa wara el bad qnaliij, ud tbei noold dol k«p. For 
Mmg jaara pait ha had (ran mangold— thia jaar ha hid 
froWB that caunlj i hii •beep, bii borgcta wan now antiralj 
ltd Ob tbal crop, ud oaiai bid they dona batUt thin tfaij 
wan doiDg u Iba pmaaot momaal. HaiMxr. tha weLgbt dI 
Bugold par ten cieaadtd the waight af avsdai ia tonntr 
Taara. Uf. ColeiBin alladad Terjr prapaljr to th* ptdigna 
atsek. Thaj all knew tbat it would dM aaiwer arerj mao'i 
poipoaa to keep pedigree atoek, any more than it would anaver 
anrj oiao'i pntpma to be a ram breeder i hut he hu inra 
Ibal Mr. Colimaii waald agree with him th&I it wu impottaflt 
to ketp that breed of ■uimila whieh woold totten with th* 
leut •nioimt ol load. Mr. Uirtin made ■ lemaik abonl 
BUgold ruDolag to leel. H* (Mr. C. UowatdJ thought 

depiuded TBry Bir-'- -'--■ ■— ' -' —- ■ '- - 

(Hear • 



luppliea 



larketgar. 
>mplaifl of maDgold m 



'-^LtC t 

way. Hiajri 



likely 10 oomplain of maDgold ronning away. Hii (riead Mr. 

ollea that be (Ur. C. Ho»n)) alid Inythiog absut what 
Mr. Utcbi bad wtittan; but ha tbopgbt be neollecud 
leadiiig a nsark ol hit aDme lino ago to tba affect that tba 
beat aerubbing-bruihea for aBiimlt um rieki ol alraw aboot 
the faim — > nourk which seemed hardly to aqoaie with what 
ha had aaid on the lybject that arening. Ha vontd 
tecommaad the worlhj Aldeiouu to plant a (aw Sret, or put 
down aoma rabbiug-poili, whieh woold leiTa thai parpoai 
UiDcb better Ihu ilraw ( Langhtai). 

Mr. J. TaoKai (lataof Dibdm, BonthUDptan) aaid : Hnch 
aa they ailnircd the eieejlant pipat of Mr. Colaniu, in tha 
graatar pari of which tfaay agrisd nioie ni lata, tbcy Bonld 
Dot eoaeeal rrom tbemaalTeg tbat a great deal of it eonaiaied 
of tn(a aiioma ud plaio tratha — of fact) with whicb thoaa 
■ho had been engaged in agrHiullue all iheir liraa wan 
faniliar. He had hopad that tba diacoaiian tbat ciauing 

ug root cropa and leeilmg cattle, aa on tha quealiao whether 
uidai tha altered circantitucM of agricoltura it vaa wit* and 
pradeat to contioue the praMnt tritem, or whellMr it would 
be belter to lay land down mora generally to graaa. Ha 
mutt aay he fdt aomawhtt diMppoJoIed that tha qaea- 
llOD h>d not been propoaed in thit light. Tha diacnuioD 
had lakan the caarae which it migbt have dooa io > laall 
brmen' club, beirlog rather on [be beit mod* of railing 
cropa and fitleoiag eatUe, ihao on Ihewitdoio or adiiatbilily 
of laying down arable land with grtas. He paiatd (h* whole 
oTlait Juua and a fgreat dell ol July on the wail coaat of 

coltariata in tha neighbourhood, men of vcallb, ai|wiieiica, 
and iutelliganca ; ud thay one ud all told him Ihty had 
coma Io the nncluiion tbal it wa) uaeleaa to coDteod againil 
wheat at 40i. a ^narter, ud that they had found it moit pro- 
Guble to lay down land to graaa for faeding atock, and to be 



I clearly a 



(act that profilable 

He louna lor ina labouring elauca in 

diipoted the landed gantry and tha 

ilry might ha lo employ tbem, Ibey eoald 

—-'--- nibaoutlay. 

it did 



farmera of ., _^.__ 

aol do it, becauH it inTolnl a con^darnWl 

In * ceiUin degree that reoarii appbad ta England 

not apply lo tha aane extant, became the khI and dimale at 

England ware ao diHerent from Ihoae of Irdand (Haar, hear). 

One point which had been alluded to that efeaingwaa the 

larioBi call now made on tbe inleliigcnee of tha fanner not to 

adbai*, if baconldhelp it, to tb( oldtnd woTD.Dnl ayalarn ol 

cropping. After all iba aid> which icience had gitcn them, 

and BilUi all the adnnttget of ctrelnl ohaerration and cape- 



Mty a diaMlTaatiga ta tbam, but a graat dteadnotaca alae M 
tbeeonntry at large. AnotbarqaaatuaGOWKcUd arMhtbathad 
le&reaeeloUamaltlai. Afawjreanagahahadalaifeqiiantitr 
of barley q^atad. It vaa Ihn kila-dricd, aad ba tbeai fed 100 
aheap npoa it,ai>d anothar lOOonlinaaidcake; ud witbovtal 
all exaggaratiDg, h* aaaared than ttal tbe uimala whiek w>r* 
fad 00 Bait caaa to Barkat thne or (anr weeka earhar tbaa 
tbe other*. They Bad* son noney for Urn, and tba 
botcher aaaorad hn tnat tha neat waa taiy aapnior to tbat 
wbiA waa fed np«n caka, Mr. Wood tpoke of Iha inaalB- 
ciaa<7 oi una for lattaaiDg aheap i poadbly thareaann vby 
he foDad tbem iaauBeiant waa that bia eo«* wen atawanit 
n^tU (lasghtar). Dofjag tba flTa-and-twcaty yean that h* 
(Mr, Thoaai) wa* at Lidliagton, it waa hia prKtiee to ttniab 
oS with that kind of food, and hia aoimala baama mj (U 



bear hia old [rieodi, th* lam and Tatehea, ran dawn io tbat 
room wiibont biaaklni a laaea lor them. No dowbl abort* 
honit hid, daring tha period ha had mcnIioBed, prated to be 
by far the hnt heaaCa, aa for one ahorlhom that waa aold 20 
5ea[> aio, three wen aold at the preaent lima. In coacln.iaa 
he wonld nmark, that (or ludloida to bind down oeenpier* 
wilh tbe agnemeDti of 'JO or 80 yean ago. whieh bad aeieuti- 
Seilly bteom* obaolata, waa to inflict a heayy blow and a (reat 
diaaonngement on lanaat taniun, and on agriealtnn ( Uear, 

Mr. BoBiRT Smith (Emmctfa Gram*. Booth Holloa, 
DaTOh) aaid that* wa* on* point which bad not yet been men- 
tinned, though it nai the ruDDdition of the n hole ol theii 
i, more pirtieclirly in the bneding, (eading; and 
J atock on aithle hrma; ha allndad to th* 
H d( climate ud theii inluenn on aaimala. Tb(j 



donbl they al 



1.MUI 






rourcd to keep their animili warm by 
Warmth wa* a principla by which tb* 
, .... _ ^^ r*gtilat*d,a " - 



np tha other aid*, but h* had not dooa M> ; and ha 
nLiii uwiand that Ih* introduction oflhat anhject na czcecd- 
iagly will-tiacd, on accanat ol thaprio* of wheat and uunul 
food. There wen oihcn, he kaew.whodid not hdaoatnuglj 
on that aabJFOt aa he did, perhipa bccanae they happenod to 
live in a dialrict where the farmer oonld obtain E qnarteia of 
wheat per acre, bot dnriag the lait year ha had aeea do cuiBe 
to alter one word of tha paper whidi be read a twdra-oiantb 
ago. With rcipect to the rCBSrk* ol Mr. Colemao aa to tb* 
urt of cattle to bepMlertad for fe«diag,ba wautdabaerve that 
k« that day had th* ptoantra of acting aa jud^ with that 
Bantleman at the exhibition of tb* Smithteld CInb, aoa that 
Ur. Coleman there differed widely from Ur. Colcmu hoic, 
when ipeaking tbat evening, about Shorthorua ^Langfatcr). 
In the ahow-yaid hi* eje wot eonalully ronning altar t^ 
nice and pleaunt- looking auimala : he wu alwtyi aaaiehiag 

It waa ueceiuiy that tbe cylindrieil fom or aniisa) boilet 
•bould be of the right thipe in order that tba itcara DU(ht be 
propeily got up, and munlained at the leait potaible eoat ot 
food, whiteier Ur.Colesian might aay about it* biinga luck; 
Ibing that tha Iriib beatta came in, to fill up a gap. A* an 
old ram-breeder— he had now left tbat trade— ba (Mr. B. 
Bmitb) knew Ihtt one gnat aecret in the piodnetioo ot good 
rama >b(, to keep them warm ; though, ol eourae, it waa ite- 
cetiiry alio to (eed tbem going oo ; and tbut then muat be 
iltention gi'cn to Ibe animal heal of tbe body oi hoder. Ke 
wonld tuppOM a eaic, tii , tbat their temperatnre ahould be 
at 100 dtgraei. Thna, when IQe atudaid beat ol tha body 
waa kept up to 100 dq>re*i, tbe uimal waa paying for w' 




Amdi the animal ahoold be 

1 coniomed would kg«p ap tha 
lion ol TegeUble and other 
^ey. One woH on the Bait 

1, afier the alluiion* made to it by Hr. Col*- 
u Mr. Thomaa. might be r^tidad ai indndBd ia 



,db;G00^|t 



THE PARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



57 



kfthaDorcruMBt la itftrtoM ta tbtt nilii^et ; ud if it w«ra 
mil itifoeied to, it woold b* uid Uwt ill Ilu timtn bid 
kKksta lud npM It wu nathinf bat imake, tod nolkiDc 
wguld bidontL Than wan, no dsubt, minjbntden in lb«t 
nasi ud ba iimtj tba; nil knair ItuL tbtn vcie orci- 
mul liaaa abai Omt aainil* *(ra not galting on h wtll 
n thij ooald dcaira, and vbaa tba an of malt soald be a 
ent adraataf*. Sonu o( hia own aniiDali IminE got off 
Mac had, aalt wn giien to than ; and thoaa irbich hid it 
aftaialf did batter ttuD the rest, Hr^ Colamaa bad? a fcrj 
iBportaat renarh id relatian to Iha fae^iii 



talno 



Thw 



limbi were fed oa «|^ooi 
) after the miBmer'i graaing 
lud had been mwd, lad thus become ntninet; lueculent, 
IhU loch brad wsald jiaai tbniagb them too npidlf, and (ra- 
quatlf pndoea aeoor, vhiih bringi on all othar diaeani ; hot 
■Hn plead npan laid that hoi baen aioni — what ii pro- 
uKullj sailed -aftartka Mitha'— thij innriablf do will, 
■ideKape thoaa faran tbit bt>a bacoaw M dtatnctiis to 
;nDfibiiep. The habit of the Isab «a( MKb, that hemnted 
'if that poial vera properiji attandad to, it 



■nld be a gcei 



aatag^ 



. SaiMBBUHT (Weit l«TiDglon. Defiiei) laid : 
Hiiiaji been m K™*ei o[ eabbiget for miaj jaan, ha eonld 
tatlrjr is tha nlua oT then for eallle, and mote pirlicularlj 
[« unp. A liaa arriTed «hao Ihef nuld pC neither rape 
HK timipi, aad than cabbif^ were Ttrj beneficial on itore 
fuBi. He eoltintad t»o-Afth> e( hii irable laod iritb rooti ; 
ud ha bad Tcry littla lult to fiud u rtgirded rDlliDH- With 
naiKt 10 tap-tn«*diD)(, he night ohirn* that be hirl been a 
bcantu, thonif b not annfaibitor, of Soutbdomthttpfor maa; 
jaa, aad he thon|pfat tba reaMavhy tha Sontlidaaa) at ou 
liaie got into Aaoedil, nai that tha brtaden looked too naeh 

itenctei [Haar, hear). If Ihay wiihed to maintain a good 
ihincHr in abeap, tbaj ihoold be earefnl in eroiiing. 
Mr. CoLiMAM then rapliad: Ai regarded Mr. Mechi'i ra- 
. .!__ , — _.^___ ._ ^j„ ^ aio^eat 



taaaat-farmar in Badfoidthii*, who girw the bait eropi of 
loota thrmghoat the diatriet, and he had dotci jet leen bin 
ealtinte deapar than lix iaebei. & rrait many people who 
•oplojad iteiia in enmratioB fanded that that alona Bould 
donbta the crop ; but deep enltirition withoat high nunnring 
wu, be baliered, of Tory Utile Krrin. In rarereDcc to whit 
Pratnior Colemin laid ibont Tetchei, be woold remuk 

whtD the; were fed on letehn. Hr. Dockhim fancied 
that he Ind let one breed ol eiltle agiinit another. Es wai 

them — not beeiuie he did not eoDiidar that fitrtfoida 
were eigllent laimili, ind mide ai mash meal from tbi 
food giien a> aof other clan of animali ; bat I 
marc onld not get tbam in tnffldeai namber. 
raeommend Iriib beaite if thej ean\d get i Line 
bat ha aaid they mnit look to Ireland to fill up the gap. 
great maoT (iTmcri were now hreedeii ai well ai feederi, a 
hence tbcj were thrown verr mach on middle-dati beaata 
middle cla» Hereford! lad DiTOai. and tha comm 
ihorthom— fW feeding j 
then to prefer iborthami 
which *•■ introiueed bf Hr, Walton, he (Mr. Cotimta') 
had hid tbe honour of itrriiig under two of the motl libaril 
landlord! in tbit eounliy, the Earl of Leiceiter and the Duke 
of Bedford, both of whom did gire their tenant! Mouritjf 
(checn). Ae he once heard remarked in Norfolk, all tbal 
wii wanted for good farming under leatei wai that there 
■honld he no reitrittion eicept during (be lait four jeire of 

nfcrrad to bj Mr, C. Uowaid, (hit qoeilion depended catirelj 
on elinite— whether theland under eonddention w!i iilnited 
in the dry cut or in tbe uoiit nath-weit. 

On tha motion ot Hi. Chartei Hoaard, iceanded b; Hr. 
Banbropp, Ihtnki weta TOtad to hir, Coleman for hit 
introduction. 

On the motion of Hr. Manb, aeeanded by Hr. Jshn 
Thomai, a lote ol thaoki wai alio UEorded to the Chairman, 
. and Ibii tennintCBit the proceedingi. 






and he would leeommeo 



ANNUAL DINNER OF THE CENTRAL FARMERS' CLUB. 



The nnnl dinaar of tfaii Clab took plica on Toeidaj 
emi^ Deoembcr B, at Radley'! Hotel, tbe atteadauce biiag 
•Bme>T up to tba areng^ bnl arerj leat wai occnpitd. ^ 
1*1 ttiiiafe of tha Chairman of tba jeai, Hr. Bradthaw, on 
ihe CoaiiaeBt, Mr. H. Trethawj, of Stlioa, Bodfordihire, 
PMded. 

AHb tha naul loral touti, 

Tke CbaIKMAN gaie " Tha Aimj, the Nbtj, the 
Hdui^ and tke VolBatean,' He obarred, that to Ihe 
•taj thtf waf*. na doabi, gnatlj indebted for theii pieient 
pnicioa am nag natioDii aid illboogh tor eight jeui iti 
Hrnai had not baaa called into leqaiiitioa to mj eoniidera- 
lila eniM, jet, ba baUand, Uw army would prOTO in tierj 
nj waithj of tba ocea^on whaUTei it might be, or when- 
aier it alight soaa. Owing to tbe introduction of inotbei 
fiRi. tba Biltba HMied net to be k much eeied for, it all 
neitiit wiiBMaaBnehlalkedofaiit f»racrlj wait bnt ai 
> snneiy fot the army it wla, no doi^t, aieaadiaglj airfnl. 
Tha etbs finBC to whick be bad jntt alfaided, niowlT, tbe lolsn- 
IiBi, *ia cartainlj a iMnt 'riluiUe additiou to tbi natiDail 
■Whiw t Vii ] TM Toliataat moreBnt hid beta more 
■aec wi f a l thaa tbe auMl aai^niBe ooald hare Mttdpatad, lod, 
>i Iw, it bad now beemi, ai be tnitted it would continoe 
10 be, 1 meat Talaabia inititatum of tha ooontiy. He woald 
naple the toMt with the name af C^itain Shearer (rheere). 

Captain SB«*niK,Df ^leHaata Vidunteen, in reipondiitg, 
■aid ka almoal fait aikaaed to do ao in tbe preaanca of ooa of 
Iki beat oBcara of the Deieoibite Uilitia, CtpUin Uarey. 
He MuTid that the nloalaa aarriee wai of gieit oie in 
VMHTiag peaeb. Ai a lolonlatr, he had to Ihank the 
Sniramaat, aad tbe Hooaa af Conmoni, for the additional 
gnat whicb, aa tba i^roaeatatiiei ol the nalion, ihey 
kid reeBllj auula to tba -rolonteeri, and which be tboaght 
■•■Id idd gnatlr la tha elBeieDei of ifae force. He wia 



kappi tony that tbairnnnben bad not deoaited, though ha 
ihonld ba glid to ico them larger i ud be beliercd, thit if 
tha Tolonteen ihonld erer be celled oat for aotiTe aerrice, it 
would prsTe a nlnible aniiliuy to tba army (cheen). 

The CiiaiaUAH then propoaed " Sneoeia Id the Ceotrtl 
FaiBora' Club." He commenoad by upreuing the giitiBei- 
□on he fslt at the drtumitaaea that on no preiiooi occiaion 
bad tbnr chainuan been able to giia thim H (icrllint ■ 
report of Ibe Club nt he wai able to do tt that moment. 
Theiiiuetiamonnted toiomHhing orti £1,000, which wu 

great deal to aay. Ind ha wu talppy to add thit they now 
"" imbin. Tbii he regi ' "* 



roftb 



DBld 



coantry gentlemen aiailtd themHlrei of the adnulagea 
offered by the Clnb, icaiag that the fadlitiea which the rail- 
waya now offered far acceii to tha melropolia weii io com- 
^te and widely extended, and tbe beneBu of tbe Club lo 
ODiTenally leknowledged. During tbe lut year the Club 
hid been ratbti uniettled. owing to dtenmitiacei ottr 
which tbtj hid no oontrol. ney had betu compelled to 
leaTt their old quirtera at the York Hotel, when they had 
bean eitabliihad erei lince IStS. The premim were icqaicad 
for riilwiy parpoaea, and the Club, like all other owocri or 
Dccnpien of property in nch a poiitiou, had no aUtmitlre 
bet to quit, Thit hid been a lery aniigoi lubjtet to Iha 
memben of the eomgglttee, and, eaiting about and trying ahit 
they eonld do, thay it Ininh lacoeeded in getting temporary 
■GCoiDinodatioB ; bat witEia a cooparitiTely (boit lime hi 
hoped tbey would Hod tbCBaeliei mora confortiblj proiidod 
for than eret they hid been before. 01 eoum he nieried to 
the new AgrioaltDral Hotel, which wai to ba arictid in 
BaKibury-eqain, which, ia tiet, had ban niQectad enlinly 



THE FARUER'8 UAGAZINE. 



IB th* £nt ioituu proDioUd bj 
nd liui fur th> object nJBmd lo b> did nol bdkn 
wonld am b*n been Innehcil. Hi ■■• bsppr 
to innoaiua tbst il htd vukI; boo Uku op bj U« public, 
tbM(b ba ngnUtd to uj tb« tKaban of tbc Club th(a- 
mItci bad notao goitnUf idnliAid tbtmaalm witb it aa k* 
could hiT> niibad ; the public, baaarat, hiiinf CMldnca in 
tba proiKt, hid taken ■bim toaachan aitant u tajaitiff 
''le dirccton in litliac tbe cootnet, mi by tbat dai tmdn 
I boped to Kc tba naw c1ub-h<Hua ud botM in aooh 
■ to admit of tbcit bgldiog Ihcit Dcit«ini>mur 



tbe Club 



DDtlii ba t 



■I tfacct 



«J. 



Mr. Jakib Wdou iiid ba kid a Isait to prapow whin 
nquirad no famuki froia him to Baka it icetptabla ; it n 
haallb, lueecaa, ud Iodk Ula to tbaii Chaiimui, Hi. IVatbia 
(ebeaii). Ha fcae*. ferbapaia wall u anj ooa in that looa 
tbe paioa wbich Hi, Tirtbawy had takoa to aauBl ia it 



elH » a awoMt or tlu Club. He(Ui. J. Wood) v 
tbe oldrit rMmbcn of Un Club, haiing joloed il >mi 






egioU 



naidii 



, „ . , ul and noble id 

eoDiideicd IfaU lo br, ba DDit u; that be higbly ulaamad 
hia. DaliariDK tbat that Club bad cooferitd, lud wu likely 
to eoDta, gieil benr<it aa Ih* a(ricgltunl cammaaii}, ha 
could not hut tatecm tba man who put bii >haiilder la tbe 
wbaal and ■trtDosnilj andeaioond In proraota ill pioaparitj. 
BaudH bauif u Ktira Bambgi d( tbe eoninittta of that 
Club, Mr. Trethewj waa ■ aumbai of the Boud of the Agii- 
enltorai Hotel Caspanr, wbieb he hcpHJ woald be iiatiu- 
liog the Clnb to th«t peiiuoa which il oncbt lo 



cupj (eh I 



nieCi 

He htd 



")■ 



>e vitk en; ra 



[ojal Aeiicnl- 
(llarillMictT 



aud be fall deoplj gntefiil for the kiid 
he toaat hid been pnpoacd and racaivad. 
waya fall ffreat inteieat ia tba proeaadinfB 

oi [DC \>iuD, ana u anj effoila of bia had tcndrd to promote 
ita piaipeili;r, it inuBt be leiy KntifjiDi lo leara tbattneh bad 
bean Die caie. He would Dolr add that he taoiicd, and had 
eiei; naioa to b(lieTe,iheClab would proipei far many jeara 

Mr CniBLiB Howjiiii) propoied "The Rojal 
turalSocietTof XMlaad,thaHi(bludHdAgtia«llari _.. 
of Scotland, and tba Rojial AKiieultnial Bodel; of IrIid 
He a^ be aboild not ocoupT Ihaii time •! ' 
the two bet-umilioDMl locietiea, tbouch 
■eia Terr banedoal to tba afiicnltura of tfaeii mptetire 
eountrie*. Tba Rojel Agrimliunl Soeiatj ol £n(lwid wh 
Ceilainly one ortbamatt eaniMratitebadiM iatbia kinidom, 
■ukisf no lapid ebaogea, and natal nformisg tor rafana'a 
aaka j but ba woold do it the jnatica to nj, tbiit ibow it an 
abuac aud Ibon^ il night not perb^M adnut it at <nee, it 
would nkiawtelr rafono it (Hear, bear). II wu now abi»t 
to grappla with an abnaa which bad loni been finiliar to tboie 
who Tiiited the abov-yitda: ha allndad M thadiagracefol malhod 
Ol tiimminf and elippioi aheap (ehean)—diigraeelul alike to 
thoaa itantlainen who praallied it, ud the aoeuty for bcieg 
■Uowtd the pnclics to continoa lo long (Hear], It bad lot i 
eoBalderabla period been danounerd b; all li^t-kisded agii- 
roltenata in thia counlry, and bj diitinguiahed foieigaaia who 
bed done them Iba boaoui of liiiliag the •how-jirda, and 
DUDj of whom bad been Tictimiigd bj hajing aheap which 

atleiwaida clipped were fooad to haTS moat glaring dafecia 
(Hrir. htar}. NitwiihitaDding all thia, bowcrer, the Rojal 
A(ricu1tuiel Socifty deierved wall at ttiaii handa u fareien 
(Heu.hcai). Il had improied their atock and tbiii impla- 
Benta i it bad denloped the loeoBicea irf agheullaie, and had 
niaed il in the eUimelloo at tba ■eioaatile and miunfaatirins 
duan (obeen). It wu with gnat pliania that ha eonpled 
the toaat witb tbe ntaae af a ;;utleman who had long baen 
known to tbe agrievltoral world, nd who had dewtad a eoa- 
iiderabla amount ot Ubm to Iha muagemani of tba Royal 
Agiicoltaial Society of Esglaad : he igCBal Mi. FiaLei 
Bobbe. 

Hr, FliaiR Hobbi eaid when ba looked araoid Urn and 
Mwaolawof hiieidbiBodiwbotaadattaDded tbalntaaoaal 
■■ ■B ag of ttt Clrt " Wd be ■ight ■ertion.Jn fwlag. that 



be aa* on bia tigbt i miug^tkii IgiiMUnU tf M«Mk, 
ud a mea who wu dialingaiahad aowg agiieiUwiate wber- 
aw hia nana waa known— ha Meant Hr, Uadaaa.of Ceetl* 
Acre (chean) i wbila ba aaw on bia laft oh of tba ta«ada» 
0ltfaa8iBithMdClBb,aHamwbeaa*uallaat i<u%aMDl witb 
regard to atock aaa adeuttad by all— ba allidMl to Mr. 
Chailaa Slokea (ehaen)—iindat Ibeee dicBaataaaie, ha tatd, 
be iail BUI* than evet Ibukfal that b* wu eaaUad afin a 
toeg illaeat to esna aBongat Ibea that day (ch 
hiq> lery great pi ' —.-.—.!-_ ._ ._j ■ 

it I* ha did aa ■ pioef that tbay felt tb_. 
Ol avrieeitiua at heart. He lagrttMd Wy adtk Ibal be aoaU 
BM ba at hia peat at the BOnlbly aieatiag of Iba CUb in 
NotoDbar, to inlroduee. u ha had ondHtakaa to d«, Uac asb- 
ject of leterinary aciaaaa in Mlatioa to BgrMtaieL Ba hsfad 
that it wunld ba again biMigbt fatvacd foe dieePBaiwi ; it wu 
B luhjeet of rail impsrianoe, and woald boar to ba leptkwd 



a tbay ■«• (Hesr, bear), 
id the Canueil af the Royal AgiieaHutal SoaBty af 
II aould oDiy uy that if tb«y had bM adartad u 




£■?.«■! 



poit. Haey aunhire of 
f aan put lo do away 

it waa tbeciiht deiiiabli 
ibooU ba ai few raalric 

it wai gaBarally aakaowladgad IroB witbavt tAat 
tbe time waa aome lot doing away with the eril in 
quaatioo. The CduikJ lalt that it wu bctlac that tba 
ehiDge ahoald odbw aa it ware Irom wilboat, than that ttwy 
ahould lake ttie isitiatiia ; bnt be oeajiietalaUd tbiu that 
tba thiiig wu lo be done away vilb.for be bebaied there wM 
a atroag feeliag amoog lanocn geaerelly. ud alaa luong 
foieigDtia, wiA r^ud to tba clipping of aUap, Afl*r Ik* 
dcaih of the late Duka of Richmoad, whoia abepberd wu 
tbe Int to introduce tba lyitem, he waa ia hopct that the 
e Til would bHa *I on» ceaaed. Ha waa diaappoiDled j but 
DOW thai long-mol breeden wen iqanlly aabamtd of it with 
abort-wool brcedria, there eonld be no doubt tbnt the cbangv 
would be approved ol by tbe agrieultuial iotcieit graanlly 
(Bear, hear). He wu hippy to uy that daring tba lut year 
an iaprorement had been uadaiii the abow-yard ; hanfeircd 
to tbe allowiag ol ^bba judging (cbean). In tbe Boyal 
Agricullanl Bociaty'a yard thia obaog* had aaawiiad ra e— d 
iDglywell; whetb« that wonld be the aaae in amaUu jarda ar 
BtiDoi uhibitiou remainad to be aacs. To him, poblia jnilKiBf 
oertaiely aimed to be a nua in tbe light direnliDa (Kev, 
bear). Altbongb tbe Woieealei nieating wu not u tnvaBi- 
abliu waaanueipaledithe weatbetaad'tbeiailway anaagfr 



, , , It had yet bean iaeo. He nigkt add 

that the elaiaca (or alack bad baan aalaiged, ao that a>aiy 
dcaenpliOD of uiaal in E^and aad Boatland might eaea- 
pata lor prieea. Than bad hmg eziated bb imp n eaion that 
ena tba Hayal Agrtenlttiral Saciety bad not giraa anfOowat 
aDconragemenl to Oe imprBTcnieat of Ibe milkiag f^pirba 
afaaimala; bnt ba «u b^py to aay that ia fntatc yaaia 
that poipt would net be Dedcelad. The NcwcaHia tmoflm, 
he mighl remark id the peeance af hia frind Mi. Baauy, 
who wu a Nawaitle man, aeid they meant ta aatpua Ijaeda. 
If Ihty did that, tbey waald 4a wall ndatd (Heat, bear); bat 
they would, BO daeht, d" ' " "^"^ "' ''■ ' — •"" 




ttla palbalogT auoBg laiBOr*, and th 
t tkw aaiaullai aid it wM for tbaaa i 
latiMwl MciitlM 



THB PAKUBR'S HAQAZINK. 



59 



to canfnUnlils tl 



■ (Hmi, bur). In mn- 

■ ClDbibathiBiituldtbaMauaBKtiiibu of 
tti CLab^ ud 0D« irho hid bbonnd in tha aosfl of ftgricuL^ 
txt (m > qoartit of ■ CMtDij, then wu odi qualion which 
k A«ld b* slwl U M Htlbd in Ikuc biou. lie nfHrad 
U ihu hoida SB Biitiih ifncoltun, tbs nuh Ux iHur, 
ita). He hud worked Tsrj bird hltOKtroa llut qantioe ; 
ud h> Biiit \*y tb« lime hid now iniiid wlm il bebond 
the (iriBere of Englend, u ■ bodf, eilbir to cnduniiii to get 
■uhd, w u fin it ip dUfitkir. The tii ■■■ m ob^ 




Met a* krt taeiil j Jttn; thai tonaljr jMn ifa Otj 
lwe«<wii ■BMlriM tl M,batlb«TdidMtiMth*ilHBM 
- 'ntbefh*dk«BiDca.H*UM|kt 



_. _ >( f H. This ipmnd >• biei to 

■BUI ■ ■ itTWt dagne Ibr tb* hM Ibtt the ilMdiri of 
ocdlMB wu not BOW •• hifh u it hid bcM. Tbo diaia 
inirtltj wen better icpmMMd than tMnariy ; ud eltbonfh 
■kn w^M Bit ba extmoribnTr aiiiiiih,jet lhin)diiiui-- 
1* lUt lerf eztnordmu; ulnali mn BOl prodoeid m , 
j™. la eDDehuim, bo woaM obtfT** thit !■ hii otniiem tbe 
nntrjM hrgi *n noch iMlebUd to tbitaiibMd Chib tec 
>W neoangeaMat which it gin to the pradaetioa of tbe 
M bntdi of aniiDilB (H«tr, hear). 

tfiR rilniBiai (tunki, iiid, hirin); pribipi bod gnitei . 
pinuiiin ttuDilnmit inj petMs prcunt ofjadsiai of the 
'Juicier of thu jeic'i ibow, ioumueh M heipent tbetreilei 
^rtefHiadiT Donung injudiiiKi to miM dcdmlbtt' 
bae[,iaioB tbi ihoir wu uoibiaji tUa u (ood 
u« pieTiMu ifiui. Then ■«« eioti eaninioa i 
•Md ; uhI wbtn ihi ttock wu Ukei 
t—, A wsiU be M«i that on ttie wbr 



iilitbu 
the (till to tbi 



ibiicd I 



i/ore. To wl 



*u la bi Htiibntcd, whethti it wu awing ta the deauuid for 
■"■i)! >bmad,«r whether il wu tbil the beit oiei were i 
telouil u Iho cOBBti), he Gonld DOtiif, but IheuiiuL 

'HUulf Mt tqeil to ihoM of tbe tut thru in foui j „ 

Hnii( ukm paiticalir noUci, be t»U cooldiutljr that, gene- 
id/ ipiOiig, tha ttoek bad Mt c«u » to what thn hul 
Ml tlth* Ibow tof thalart ftw jtua (Hew, twB). 



. K Habib propMad" n» Ii«eal Tainan' Claba." 
' were, be obMrrad, two ar thiaa ml^oeti to wUcb ba 
tboiiKht thoR* cinin woald do wdl to direct (b«r attaoiioD. 
Omhiditnidr beeanferredto, namtlj.thonult-tii. Tbcf 
onj{bt to alike 1 nmbiiMd ippeil to tha ChiDodJor of IM 
EioMqnir ; tad if thia were done, and fanaen Bwla ■ united 
eSbrt, that iniqutloni tti wonld, ba baUerod, be aboiiibni. 
Another nitter datoning tbeit ittantioB via tbe imparticioa 
al diiimd »t t li an erll which tbonld it ooci be pnt a itaa 
to ; and ■ third tru thi eiili coneeeled with the Mil of wmL 
Thaidu to UawM. ■ndhuj and Coah KHDMhiag oi ' ~ 



ud hi bipad tIM if a imbiI -"t^ mt* Bade ta tha obt 
qrUmn, it waald MMba ab4iihad. 

Ht. aroona, trf Iba BotbT (Hatta) rnMia' CliK ta 
mpaadiat. Hid ba pMMUMd tbe waiaa whf ba ba4 baia 
Mketad lot that pnrpoie wu, that be repnatntcd «w •! iba 




•a be oaolinall; tnfpiag ap (HMt, boi). Whdo apeabtag 

•Mid be ndonad br tke w^aritp alaciiealtaiMMbit H Ugk 
India* ba* dmmid ita bwidieda, lew Indiat bad dHMfid 
- -' ' - teaae* tbeaiudi. He ipokeadviHdr 



lad tbal tb* Ceatfil Clab, 



>ttb Ytj tiaal I 



proda«4, directir oi inditeillr, bp avder-tntag. Aa f- 

girded tbe toaat to wbieh ba reipoiatd, hi — " 

gntitfiag ta the leaH ef'- " ■' "— 
he a tait in thi biait el Ibi aingoeo, naa, m we iwmjna j^ 
of ill eziitcaee, nOeienl vitil WHmlb to laheace tbi ea- 
Imnittn beneBoiilly, aa« (hat it fa?» to tba iipteMnMifia 
olleal cMm, aa acoMMMi Mke Ihi^ mib a warn and iwdiil 
Before Mttiag dewn he bad to prape n , aa be did 

-' ■>" loMI ol " Tba CeBBittM of 

litui pnrioielp ibiiHiid lh« 

ortheBRiiben,tbe)>didiOBO«a)l tbeawreferlhrii 
eftiTti to proeara nnMble p r i iB l m ler tbe Chib, aad ai Hr. 
Wm. Cbtfflaa bad leaderad ipeeiel u we tam e in the detelop- 
SMrt of the ^in to which he iliaded, that KCBilemiaV nana 
woold be ooopled with tin loan (cbeeri). 

Hr. CvttTliiK, in reipoodiot, obirircd that the liit of 
inbjcch for diicuuioo next jiir woald be rerf iol«T«itin(, 
ud that be hoped Ibit a Iwelrnaoath benca tbe coBnittca 
would bin the pleunn of wileonini the manhen to theii 
rooini in tbe new bote). In propoting ihi beiUh of their 
eiccUent Mcretirr, Mr. Corbet, he wii hippj to bear teitU 
moDT to thi eordul ind filoshle eo-opention which tba oob- 
mittae had itct leeeiied fion bin <rhe«i). 11 wu in fact, 
in a vcrj great degree, awing la that gentleauu'i ical aad 
efforti thit HtcaM had atleadid the Clnb (cheers), 

Mc.CoKiKT, in xtaiwBf tkaakB,iudbaeoaudendlhat 



""*■*'£ 



■rtwilbippfen](eb 
Tbe Chaiihik thia pnpoHd Iba coaelodiiii ti 
" IWiuton ;" and after thii bul bna diipDied of, tli 
pan; ir-partted. 



„ Google 



THE FARHBft'B MAGAZINE. 



ID th* SmithAald Bhoir • 
pnrpote of cofliidRug tb« 
DliatiDii of ilum-Bower to th alUntioii of tba HiiL Tba 

, H SOO, iSGlnded ■ lufi bbbW oI 

B ud ftnacn. TM thaic n* tikm br M(. E. 
Bolluul, 1I.P. 

TU Ca AiRM^H, aRar lUliDg tlut tke objM •( tba awtinrt 
•M tba iiunwia ol Hmb DultintiOD Ibmagbirat tl« lud, 
procerdcd u folloiri: We all know, U Uut I do, Blwt m 
tha diDcnluta of *Mrtui| ilMa cnltiTatioii on a fun. But 
•fur It tau baan od« itutad, ind tiui tb> land hai baan for 
tao run ondcriadia ijilan.n all know ho* man npaid 
f« Iba capital cmpli^ad in the nKbuwry uoetaarj tai lb* 

(laipoac, and tor tba Iionbla and labour wa ban gon* (bmi|b 
lliar). Tha adiantagn ira lo palpibla that I newl bardlj 
DMitiou Ibtm bar*, axespt u tbar lead np to irbal wa ata 
aboal topropoaato ^ou ihii daj. Id Mod cnlCintiDB wa 
tnuit not eomaiaaoo wilbont batiDs Ibomuchlj diainad o« 
land (Hnr, bear). And ooa of tbo caaxi wtaieb baa eon- 
daetad » to tba adoption of itaam ealtaniatbatonrlaDdabt- 
OBmBparlactljdraiDad: tbatiaanw fadMiL AAacvabaia 
ODU CDDiDiaBcad opaiBiioati wa kaow, awn atpaciall; upon oar 
bmj daj landi, tba great adnntigt* ariiiat trim tba Bbaaooa 
of Iba pnnnn of bortca. Uadar tha old ^tiem. Id caoia- 
qntnc* of Uiit piiaaon tbc iDbtDll wh ao coDtkoallj nuda ialo 
a apeciea of bnok boDenUi tba appareDtlj well-tillad lorfiuia 
thai ihe roots aod cropa liad no channe, and opon tho bearj 
clay lands the lioriea did almoat ai mach to tha datriiaent 
of tba ooluialor astbe; did u> hi* advanl>«a. Now all that 
iiavoidad hj tho aTstom of oiitiiratioa b; alaam. Witb re- 
gird tolheDambeio(hDneaemp1o}ed,ia mjoiiDcaael had 
at one time twent; working honea under the aid sjalem, and 
f bare nowRdaoed that namber to twelve nfter/oar jean' 
coluration bj iteim (Hear, heir). I do not mean to aaj 
that aujone gaiog aver mjr Ann will not Sod aamanj honai 
now ai there weie fonaerlj, bat he will find yoang horaea 
ioatead of old ones. The joang hoDoi hate come into 
play for the lighter aork which the itetni plough boa left 
ta be done, and the; hurt alwaji a marketable false, like 
sheep or caiUe, or anjihiug sold from Ihe farm. But 
■ - . flsoiBnltii ■ ■ 



TEAM CULTIVATION 
MEETING AT ST. JAMES'S UALL. 
pionKli- With 



oa tba Wedneaday afterBooB 
al Bl.Jaaua'i Hall, for tbe 

* of czModiDg " 



1 effect in 



tnighi ii 



tho aulom 


thatwb 


ui^ under the h 


rae aysUm would hare 


taken ail w 




rrormtUear.h 




ia that wa 




all; a couiuiaDd 


o.er Lhe aea.oua. aad 


aUwhokn 


ow injih 


ng about the t 


alue or aalumn eultira- 


tiou upon 




ylandamuatSM 


tbattbaliDilHlfiaan 


advaniage 


that won 


d pay for Ihe uia of tho steam ploaBb. 


Id fact, on 


cli; laods a completo n 


irolatioD haa bean «f- 


ioced thro 


QKbIhe 




iWmoilti'aUon; and 






<e beoauae il could not 


be coltiral 


J deep 


a"sh'!nf^f 


preaanre of boraes did 


■» muchd 


aitgt up 


ouil"no*,unde 


Bteam cnliiialiOD, land 


vhichhad 


nlj been 




ie really and truly be- 


comi>.g a 


kiiohen 


garde" "L" 




gxiDed. sTi ]i I My 


t a grejUir coat 


Mot ao. In 017 own 


coee, 1 fin 


it 10 be 


»na.haltlhecos 


of ploughing by honea. 



la I aged Id plough ' 
ir acre, I new plough by steam ai a coat, including weai 
III tear, of lOi. per acre, and cullirate by ateam at a coat 

Sa>or Ha. an acre. Afler hlilng been foar yean in ope- 
tion — and 1 am now engaged iu thraibing out my liJIUi 
op — 1 think I may aay tha^ ao far a« my exptneuee goal, 
fl.aieraga addilioual produce per acre ia abont one 
lartcr, or eight baaheUi that la, under ihe inBaence 

■team power nenvji horae labour (Dbaera), That being 
e case— and T am sore 1 am right with regird to the 



theae great adyantagea ariaing (Tom Iht 
iyiiBiu loea, now IB it that it ha* not bem mora genanl^ 
adapted all orer the coDutiy? One reaaoD ia, that Undlodl 
are Dot yel aaliified aa to tbe gnat meriia of (team plongb- 
iug, aadconacquaatlyatill keep lo their amall fields, and nil 
aol allow the nnmerana hedgerowa to beremond. StiN, 
that is not an objection that will atop tbe eaterpnaing 
farmer ; thflobjecdon with bin being the amoaot of oapilal 
that ia required 10 stirt a ateam plough. Is my own cai*, 
with Fowiei'a tickle aod hamwa, 1 oonatder ilut I bare 
oapilal iniealcd la iteim ploughing to the amoont of 
^1,000, II yoa were to adopt the che^wr, tlionttbei- 

aboni eiO-l leaa. NoTtrtheleaa, before the leaant faraier 
could gain tha advantagea of ateam cnltiiation he would be 



NoTtrlholeaa, befo 
le the day may aoon 






img fo 
toeipendintbew 

oommon thing ydi, 

dllBciilly to b« 



e when it will be ■ ooDomi 
bare a few hundreds in band 
ly that be may think moat proBtable in 

and that ii no doubt the ohief obstacle 



It ; fur, 



sir fiuma lying c 
But there are ac 



d peiha|w on tbe 
i plODgtung mt the 



another, hare unili 
machine batwaeo ibei 
about that, and (h>) a . 
employ the plough, each ia'anxioui 
being ailuateii in the same climate 
tame deactiptiunof (oil.they ail niah I 

■ame time j and that when eaoh in torn lake* tfaia joini- 
slock pipugh and machinery he haa Lo employ tba people 
who are upon his own fkrm, and these are not alwaya maa 
who are qnaliBed for &e management of a ateam angioe 
lud tackle. Tbe conaeqacnoe is, a* augiaeers will tell 
lou, that in aueb caasa there ia immeoaa wear and 
tear, and that tbe damage done to tba eu^ne and m^ 
iihinery, and aomalimea to the plough, is rery great, 
and makes ateam plougbing a £u more eipen- 
than otherwite it would be. [Hear, hear). 
I of procecdmf, wbidk-hat baea adoptad in mj 
uutry, u the astabLshment of a company for tbt 
rfott qf letting oatjiloaghs. " - " " 



<e proccis 
DOtbet nod 



hsTe becu pa^ onder the tare of engiuccn, or pcmiBB eon- 
oeelad with CDgiikeenng aitabUibiiieatt i becaiua during the 
plouibiag season, man who htT« the nussgesMnt of the 
plough ai« bsid at work in ilaim culiiiation, and wb«n tha 
oloughiug Mason is at an and, and cidtiTation csaaas, aod tha 
plough lies idle, Ihsy go back to tbe angii ' ~ 
at to work ia aaotbat dapartmtnl ol 



ne where tbe company it 

Id short, the itaS had not to be maintiiaad, at it Btut be ia 
tbecaae ol a puiely aieam eultiyatioD compaay — a moat ci- 
(KDaire procett (Uetr, bear), Thea* two plaaa. Umo, that of 
tanSQta workiDg and hiTing a attam-plough between Iham, 
and tbtl of lorniiDg a company, tmleai it wta plaead ands 
the eootrol of so engiDcehng firm, being deemed altogcthar 
iiDialiilaetoty, it hM been couudeied tdiitable to atact a 
Bteam Cultiiation Company, tor tbe pnqioie el sBpfdying 
enginei. plougbt, and o^ei ijjricallniu iaipleiDenli to tba 
tsuul-firner; and it it Tor tbe purpOia of sactrtainiDg what 
sie tbe opisions ol the agiicultural world upon this autijeet 
that you an called togetber on tbe pictent oocasioo. At tmt 
at I am eoneeined, I can only aiy that 1 look npon tbe tonia- 
tion of luch (I eampsny as a Dietaura calenlated to ba <tf 
lery gtttt sertiea to the a(neuHaral world {cheers), A 
proiperlTii rsV.ch I hold in mj hand thna ablalbrllitheobjecta 
-" -~ ihecompmy would haieiaTJew. Tbcy w«iiU prorid* 



.,1b, Google 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



(t,iial f,r ihi puctaiM tt »nm eoltinton ud otkn ap- 
pnnd implanwati, niBTiDK me-lniUi t>( Uw tiIu of thi 
xduBerj nthiii tlm moBlbi dI Uw data of tba •giouiaiil, 
ud Ihfl TCaaiadtr in iaiUlmiDta ei(cndiii| ovar a pfliiod of 
tiin,lfi. or UHDjMni tbu. is cSsct, btcomiiiK i lou 
BBpaiijr M tb* ifruBltunl. It ia alao atauJ tliat th* rirmar 
fba aay Itain to baf aachinaij ttarenfli tha ageocf of thi) 
(oa;uj, will, la ■ fmt dtent. W U libaHr lo dioaa* hi* 
no ijiUia aad implfment maker. Tha ihaifholdan, oo 
tta oihac baud, ara frac froin riak, iioca (ba companf ordar 
0«iT>nac IbaThaiaaotd. Tha^ara Doteilleil span ioTaBtDca 
t ihiUiat ia acneoltDnl ataam machiD«j ; Iht^ are mtialj 
IW nUcotdlanta vbo p>y lb* implcmcut nakri for foai^ 
■g^liad, ud ban (hair oslU; ictDrned, ailh intctoat, hj 
iuUInwnU. Na«, I han taktn than* iu Ihii canp&nj, 

Intii 11 laofe ai an adnoiU of ajjiienli "' " — ' 

Iht coopaaj that I appair ' 

Mifal ar not, tha adiantacn of 

vhU ba Taij j^reat to tha a^oaiiarai worja icaeanj. 

Lonl R. MoHTiOD.UJ'., Slid, thai wbea he was iiiTitfd 
to tile cliirge of tha &(St reaulutloti, it ocouneil id him 
llul iDjoae pmeni who knew lliat he wia Dailhei a fii^ 
ion' DOT a ahflreholder, nor otharwiaa aonuacted with tha 
tampaDj, might f.<irij pat the qacatinn what boaineta ho 
bid DO ibi platTomi. Bafoia piocesding farther, he would 
U ones aiiawar that qaaation bj anlicipation. It waa Ter; 
tiu tbftt be OHd Co think Qcthin^ of theae ateam plougha, 
Dtt tnonag th(ir raloa or pcrToiinaacas ; but laat aammar 
henntdown to HanliDgdonahira, and there saw oou of 
FoaWi ataam-plouRhi in fall work, and be owned tliat ha 



TDD to-daj. I wiah tha 
, a aaceaaafal andartakiof . 
of thia, that, wbathar it ba aao- 
liihiD)^ auEb a eompaaj 









It IhoQDht that at 



„ neral (Hear, bMr). Tha first Ihonol 
bim wu that the agriculiDial societiea of the difff 
omlinoDght to take the mallir in hand, parchaae en- 
gbnandcuaclunery, and lot them oat lo their mamben. 
Baihefaaadtbat theae aocietica hal not funds at iheir 
liipcaal. Baiidea, said Ihej.eTeiT member wonld be wanting 
tbeiteira'sngine at the aame momeot, and we could not 
•TUge that, Ibererore it mait ba taken ap bj prirate en- 
Wpiiie. He might be lakad whit were the adrantagea 
Ibii would rranlt from the aileuaiTe nae of ateim-cnltiTa- 
bod ? To which be wonld rrplj that it aeamed to bim they 

fMd bureit, lappoaiag ill adrantagei were nudered per- 
mUEDt. Take, for ioatance, the present year. There bad 
bnni nond harreati he nndentood ihit it waa -10 percent. 
Iieiltrthan uaoal. Let them ooniider the teault of ihat. 
£'tiT ;ear until thia wa hid imparted Taat quanliliea oT 
torn inil nther grain from oUier coontriea. In the 
lar lAei we importeJ not leaa thin liiteen raiUlDa 
in. a( Cera, whaat, flcnr, and meal. Patting that at aa 
nmiaof (Oa, a qr., it raprtMnted the aaotmoua iddi of 
BiSOiSaa aterlins, ail U which wa paid awty into tbe 
^—tuX thafinaenor other eonnlriaa. Bo man)' toiUioci 
■itt t« thafarani of tha United Slatei of America, to 
■ur laillioBa to Fraaali, and ao many milliDoi to Poland 
•ad tba DaanUan Prindpalitiea. Now, if we had aol Ibii 
Wp foantity of com to inport, wbieb bippaned (o be tbe 
"■Ibnycai' — lad it had been itated that, owinn to the 
[wdMn of Iha bwteat, the eonBtiy bad already aavrd 
£10^0,000 iteiliDic, awl fit nar* would be )a<rad betora the 
^w ru eadad, far Hi. C^iid, a high aalboiity oa tba aab- 



B eahitatioo, obMrre tha adTaolafaa that 



■■Bf oTtr At* BilbaB qn. of eora. Smppoiiig, (bcretore, we 
w yw iaporte* ody Ita bDIuw qn., «■ iboold thmby 
■Mtai Iws aUKai l«u <f aliippiBg (H«ai, hear). Coan- 



qnntly, tba coat of Mght woald be ndnead ; and thai 
woald radoce tba eoat of nary articlotbat wa) imported ftom 
other eoantriaa (Hear, bMr). Thai waa a Meond adTantaga. 
Bo tbat the Britidi farmer would not oaly bar* £!0^D0O,000 
of BKMMy more in bia pocket, but that £20,000,000 more 
lonid be dievlsting in Enaland. at the aame line that arery 
ailiola imported fion abroad wonld be cheaper (Hear, 
baar). In the nait place, let tbam cooiider how il waa 
that tba foreign farmer eonbl eoupcl* lo imxeaalblly 
with tha Britiib tirmei? It waa bccanae tbe foreiga 
finovr could yrow hia com ao miKh cheaper than tba 
liiitbh farmer, thai he coald afford to pay lor ita freightane 
to Kngland and yet undtraell the naiire producer in )iia 
own market. If, then, Ihe British farmer were tnahleil lo 
grow hia com at a muoh clipap*r 



but if the eoat of dollivi 
would pay to take in 
not now farme,- 
(Hear, heir). 

shontd Qnd iha 



I be drii 



, Not only that 
lally reduced.il 



Ihat considerably larger 



lend o\ 



oaltliai 



Ih'eie adrantigea 



greater Ihea 



teiUi 



ooh lower thi 

produce of Biesmeultitation was i 
.roduoe t.fhjtae-!ill«ee . Upon thai, 

They bed heard what tbe hen. gentleman in the chaii 
slated. He waa a man of great eipeiicDce. Ue 
farmed with sleam-enginea fonr or five jeare; ao thi 
could lell ibcm of fit^ia wh>oh had coma witliio bi> 
knowledge and obaervaiion. Unfortunelalj, he hi 
could not do ao; but, lest he might he IhonKht lo 
Lhia qnettiOQ. be would metition two facia thai had 
under iha noiice of eTeribody. A abort lime ajjo a fi 
of great repute (Mr. Smiih ofWooletoo) publlahi 
in which he gare the delaili ot the csal of hteim cultlvati 
compared with the ilema of Ihe coat of bono onltivaiio 
and Ihe result be anlied sE wsa, Ihat Bteam cnliiiatlon cai 
of hoi 

..ith renar 

amount or produce, Mr, Smith atated tt 
was a heaTy ctiy Iknn — he hid neier heen able before wiin 
boras tillajia to raise aa much sa'lO bushels of barley per 
acre J but that since adopting ateam onltiTilion tha aame 
fleld had RiTen him ibla year a produce of 01 bubbria sn 
• ore, and his seran jeaia' aierige of wheat had heen fallt 8 
bnihela mora than baloie. Now tbat agreed wiib tbe lUIe- 
meat of tbe Chairinu. He at lautinppartedthn) two facts, 
not only thit bona tillace coil half ai much ifain aa iteim 
eallivalion, but alio tbat they got from ileam eultlTation half 
aa much more produce. Tney had no doubt all lecn a 
pamphlet written by Hi. Hntchinioo, and entitled " Water 
and Fira a^ainit Com ud Hay." In tbat pamphlet Mr. 
Hntehinion ttaled tha eipemnee ofabrm, belonging to Lord 
Brownlow, in Berkibira, wbieb wai ao bad and in such dis- 
reputable order that no oeenpier eeald be found (ar it at 2ts. 
ao acre. The roult waa that it puaed iota Iha hindi of (he 
Isndioid binaelf, who, hariif bonghl a ten-bone power ilean 
sn(ine and a £S eoKirator, eel them to work to cultjiate thia 
ba»y clay Isni. BD. HalduDaoa giTs a detailed acconnt of 
the whole nutter, and same to pretty much tbe same 
eondusioa ** Hr. BmiUi, of WoalatODi for he made 
the cDit of atsam enltiTalioa Ti. Si. an acre, which 
was a little Iea> than Hr. Smith's, wbilil the eoat of 
horae eaHure wai lEa. 4d. The reanlta ware near enough 
to make then identioal, though Mr. Hntctiiuioa'a wete 
aoDWvhat mote adTUatageona than Mr, 8mith'a. With 
laganl to tbe iDCieaat of prodnee, Hr, Hntehisson aaid that 
tha lanl waa 848 aerea, and that the Talue ot Ihe inereaaad 
prodnoe— not the aggregate produce, bnt the increawd pro. 
diMe orar and abore that which it had beea iu tatmrc year) — 
amoaaled lo £TTB. The tsat of tbe fani whas this took 
plaoa ma £S7B i oooieqasally the inavaaed prsdoce alone was 
mora than anOciul to pay tho rant, whdal all that had been 
spent oa boras onltrrBtiom in tormei jeais waa set ftee fbi im- 
prereaaDta (Hear, han). [f tbass ttunga w« tine— and they 



Google 



THU FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



Ilttt iteain eultifitiua ■<• fu cattttcr than hom tilkgc, iBil 
tkat ill pradua wu fir (naUr (dwcn). Lcl tbcm, ttara, 
aogiidar Iha iaotnie ■diintafeiofintwtitnUiii'u fu M pov 
rible IM MM ijiMoi for lit olbei, Buppmng thcjeoald 
faKiHi* tba prsduee ot EngliBd, IrcUad, ud twllinit, 
by one-hilf, tnd w nndn It dtusar, look mt the cffecl, 
Ml ontf OB the Briliib fiirmei, Dnt on tlia coodition 
•( Eo|[UDd u m BktIoiL At ths pruent maaiint 
V« vir« tied ud banad dom to olbar eountrici tor DUi tap- 
In pmperilj *■ partioipitcd 



. the, * 



1 Id idm 



nit; [[!(», hue). Thi)}ui 
•« hid iFJojed I good himit. tnd bid Dol ftit whut va 
thnntd DihcrwiK hui doBC. But conilder «bit mDld hiia 
feippsncd it wa had bkd ■ btd bintit— if olhar conatriat 
«ra in lbs hid* prcdieuoaot, aod littJa or no aara coold ba 
Obtiiacd (roia AacriH, Frunii, PuUnd, or tha DiddU. 
Wb»t, Ibrii. should we hiia dona ? Waj, i dearth of corn 
wonid bi much woru than a daarth of cotLon (Hear, hiar], 
Feopli ni*;r iatuist vithout oottoD, bat tViej caDiiol vithout 
eora (chaen). Tbentarf. ha btld that it vu a matter of 
p&tLoail iiDpDrt*u« thiC lomathiDg ibould bi done tfi raoder 
the idianugci of i EOod harrett parnaDiDt (cbten), Mt 
beirittd to mava, ai a scirollir; to thru remiiki, " Thmt the 
coUiTiiioD of the IidI b; ittim ii no* pcoitd to be id adian- 
taxaoui lud bighlf ccoDOmleal piDttti.and thai tba mirhiaeif 
D0« nwH for thii puipois ii of a ohatacter luBldeatl} peifeet 
lo he reeommcDdtd for the aw of practical farmari." 

Mr. Jahbb WiLLlAua (North Couri, Abiaitdaa] laetindid 
tha rciolutian. lie iiid the eultiratioD of laod b; iteiDi «u 
no lunger a problematical idea, but a (treat fact. It wai 
ipicidiog throngh Iba esuDtrjr in ranoni direetiani; ud 
that ill iprtad wu Dot nan ripid Droia ebiifl; from tha 
iaolated poiiiian of fumen, vtiich UDded to cooBriD their pis- 
Jodicu In tavDur of oldiitahliihed iriteoit. The age in 
which Iht;^ lirad wu one d( (rrat impromDeot: but ftrmen, 
owins to their icittired poiilios. hid not the lame fadlitiei 
" et claiM* of aociety. Tha adfantafia 












itcd more cheaplj bj itiam than bj muaal or aniiul 
power. Ooe (real cauaa of thii wu that il wai cuUiialad 
much more deeply bj atean. At certain peiiodi it wu im- 
Boiiihle to euttirate leniciaiu loiliiii oi eight inchai dup 
by ban* power, whde the/ eoall ba euilf cultirtted by 
■ttim. Uoreoier, there wu itatitticti proof btfoi* the 
counlrr ot the campaiatire eheapaea of iteam i>ower. 8a- 
cDadly, iteaiB wu moie eScieot thin hota* power. In tha 
Dae cue the toil wu ilwaii turned orer lo ai to be rtad|r for 
the water to percolate and tha air to pemeata; in the othai 
thera wu ofiea man haria done thao gaod. By itaatn tbe 
land wu culti'ated to inch • nice!; that, unlike tha cue of 
bod ploii|h«I b; honei, (ha Soa aoil wai broufhl to the lur- 
Caee while tha lubioil rimiined untoached, the lud itill 
KtainiDg all tba adfutegu caoaeeled with wiater.eod aSsrd- 
in| aa eicalltot proapect as Ripectcd the root and gnia 
eropi. TDirdl;, the ileiai plosgb could be uied jail when 
ud u much ■■ they wsutad to nit it. Thue wis of coune 
It bejODd which it would be wtODg to Cei the atrenjitb 
' ' - 'a thi cata of aleam there wu do lueh 
liDiitalign. Id the dry hudu the liad oonld he etitnd juit 
whan they waolad to itir It, and once daaa the work wii in 
the itiiel leat* of the wordi doublj dona (chean). Again, 
what wu the chief lalue of BUureF Wu it not (hat by 

imput to tha plint tb* DOnriihmeat which it nquiied ? That 
ohjeat wu altunad moi^ better by ataem than by h«u 
pDwai. Uoder theu dieanalaiicei, it Bifbt be uhed, bow it 
wu that iteaoi wu nM nied bj fiiBtn gnerally > There 
war* teveral cuaei fot it. farmer* bad got tb*ir boreea and 
tbeir ploughi, ud heNtated lo (BbitilaU for then 10010- 
thiDg Di*! '••( aOBBtbing heKar ihoald b« prodioed. A 
■till UisDiv nuon, ^aw*iaT, ww baiiuiuw abont 
tlje capital iei|iiired foi the oae of iTeam power. When 
he heard of an implement coaliDg from £600 to £800 be 
bagaD to look at the halanao-iheet of (ba lut two yean, 
and to Donaiilerwhetbar,wilhwt)eatatlOj,aquarter,heooDld 
aSord *nah ui eipaDdiinre, H* n^bt add to Ihii, that 
fhtmera were by liabit niy fond of malilaa bargaiaa, and 
did not Uh* le ft] wliatSTBt wa« d*inaaded-« 
iriinli 



■ peooliarin 



Ai regarded the resoKl of itcam ealttTMion, ha eonid oor- 
Toborate all that was laid by the chalnnaQ ttom fail awn ex- 
pi-rieQce In ftrming. He had teated tbe matter by a corn- 
piiisoQ of ciDp* grown with etMun cnltiTuiion and crops 
gruwD wilh hone tilliga. In tbe ftmner caae Uie apriog 
crupa, bailny and oati, were very far anperior to (bose pro- 
duced ity hoise power. He entertained no doubt whatever 
that in a few yean the oultiTStiaii of the land by ateam 
wooldbe as general ai tbraihiDg by sleim (cheer*), 

Mr. BiUTis (1 tenant fanned inquired what was tbe 
■malleal Held, irreapentiTa of tha aize of the farm, in which 
steam aoIiiiaTian coald be carried on with prollt. 

Mr. WiLLiAUs replied that none weio loo imall for the 
Sold of four acres, if aijusre, could be coliiiated 



to the econoiay 

-110 



pnrpoic. A Sold off 
pr^ntably by Htean:i. 

Mr. BaooKI!waa-- 
of6t«^mcnlliTatlon 

asTO Ibe land from being iroddeD by the horai 
might be bayina (hat adTantt^e too dear. He 
owner in SoOotii, aud be had tried Ihe applicatiuu ui BLFun 
to thrashing, liQt had found the eipensc greaier than the 
receipts to dof^y those eipenae*. If (he steam cultivator 
bri^ke down il had perhapa to be carried a long way to be 
repmred, and then a month might be lost whila it was at 
the machine makar'j. Except npon ren large farms he 
did not think that borse liboor oould be auperaed«l by 



reland expressed bis 
■ importaDce 



A OErcrLEHAN from the Kotth of Ir 
hope that a morement t " 
woald succeed in apite of some minor cbiect 

Tha molalion was passsd nnanimoiuly. 

Tbe Eirl of SurrOLK ud BiiKiHiaa m<r 
molution, ti*. : " That one great obataele to I 
tteam-rallure ii the inability of the icneialily of tdunt- 
faimeri to purcliaie tba cipeniire ma^ioeiy now nacd to 
break uf and prepare the aoil." Be aaid, aliboogh ha had 
ploDgh himaelf, ba had aeca one workiB| 



mlully io tha eultitati 



1 of a farm ; ha did nt 



lie for dratDiog, Aa regarded tba 

gentlemu who ipoke ri bia loaa by hla thrubUi-ouachiiM^ 
he could not help renarking Uiat what ha uid wa* (IroDgl* 
in faioui ol the formation of the Bieam CuJtiiaiioD Coia- 
psoy, which would eoable farmer* (o obtain tha us* of Btewot 
plongba on Ihe but ttrni. Il would ba bettar to hits a 
thrash iBg.macbiBe (hsn to go back to (he old Aail. Ha would 
itomDUod agriculluciati to take ikarei in Ihii new compaBy, 
which would hiing iiean power within tbe retch of fai^Mta 
generally. Ai lo Ibe aupcrior cheapoeia of ataWB-povrar, a 
Jarmer bad told him that be had bia land ploogbcd for him 
laat yaai lor lOi. or IDs. 6d. per acre, ud tbi* year toi 12a,, 
and Ibat ha could not hare dona it by bonbpower nodai £1 1 
BO Ibat there waa a uring of Si. an acre (Hear, heat). 

Sir Henbt Vataboub, in ucondiug thaBwlioB,*tid ; Tkm 
of tbe soil by slean power bu been long aaxioii^ 



>. I 
ha*a 

Tba 



looked hM-ward l< 

belleie, upecled to aae the rapid impmtemula that 
been mada in Ibe implsucol* bnHight ont (Haat bcai). 
cbioge in Uw eooDomy of a lim by lb* use ol aleaoa sa a 
matiie power, from the Bnt opentioa to the Uat, ia eo* 
fraught with loeh eitraotdmiry adiaatag ca that I eaiinat bat 
aipreia tbe deep gialilnde I (•*i in beiag ptrntMd to witowu 
aien ths dawn of inch arendntion. Snlattaiaiag thia opioiea 
of tba lalu* of itfam eulbiaiioD, I hare bean aorpriiad that a 
Company formed for ila *i(eD>>Da hu u y«t nut with lu* 
aocourageDMnt than thi magnitnd* of the iBlait*! iavtilstd 
abould comnund. Il must, I think, aria* froa Iba fact of 
cipitaliits, if not igiicultBrist* alaq, nal baring fullj tvaliaed 
the advutages offattd. History, howerer, uicttca laa that 
tba agiioullural potlioB of eommunili** baa aror bean back, 
ward in Moai<l*t imptaMiMu (Haar, bast), Ux. Grata, ia bi* 
eutUeat HiaWiy of (Jteeee, ep ei kiiig at Anadia bi bm aaily 
pified, ftatos Uii clearly. He obstnat : ■ 1%* — irjaat 
pbiloMphei* aad legislattn wet* daeply trnpfMaad wiui th* 
coDtrBM bdwHa an Ulaad aad aarilim* aity. la tha facMar, 
ilmplieity and BBdlDinuty «< life, leaaei^ of aociaat habit* 
ud dislike of whil is saw ai fweiga, gr*ai Em* •! axclnBig 
lympathy.aBdBBrmwiHgabMkof ohj**t*a>didnBi ia tba 
'itiB, Taiiitj tnd na««ltf at laaaatiea*, tr 



.Chhv,;! 



THB FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 

mtthafly W Oi riUa." (Hwr. har.) U 1> O* won! 
iHft (oww, tt« raaMiiHB te«B i 




.. , J*, ud, iteta, ill Um want 

ol tmiadil bbwia ud ■ npMr of booki, atM wiaUd M 
HIM U ba hid. Bif bcMeaMMftf oaraMlinipgMMnpr 
la (Hau, bar). A Mnafat Tiiiti>c Iod- 




. __t >• andkBt* (roa mi 0*1(1) (Hev, htai). 
TM Bhibiun la ttaa Bwiiai WnB(l«> loongit lU 
{Urn, luu). Ib th« fn—mee of urns af tha br- 
ain of Kaglaad, •< vhtnn w* ara B«it prmd, I Bt^ 
natan to hj tbat « laf(a arm of Uad In Bur sf the 
Enbali and W«t«h aouiitlaa U 11111 nrr IndiiranDtlT 
teiH^ br tlthaagh BDj;l*ad Bij ha tha rithatt soaB(i7 In 
Ita nrid, Iha praoaia BiUli da DM gaMrilly ihaoad ii tha 
im] diMMU. na gNM pivUaa id aiarr hoiuahaM, ai in 
imj Hatt, h«a arar haaa, Bf what Maiai «*■ eiptDNa b« n- 
ivai ud iMcipU iaraaaaad t Ts U>a •choaliani aorU the 
iglndadiaa of lUn nllnatiM offm a aolatioo of thit pro- 
bka u a griatar aitaBt piobatair Ihas tha applieitioo of asf 
iiraiioB hUhatto kson, far Iha adraaUtBi ranltinpt fran 
iu ua ara Iws-fsld i Otillj, tha aBnoal ««rtin( npcniaa are 
dnniihad; aecomllr, tha pradiiea la lamaaMd (Haar, haar}. 
!ti>T panaa ba acep^ upoa Ihii polat, let him ploofh or 
oki'tic ahnaata airipa, of thraa ai loar feet Is width, b; 
Haa aad haaa-poaar, Maiaf tht*bolai>ith tiny otdinarj arati. 
Ht *ill lad ia tta apiiDK and nastr tao IraM ai diitiact!; 
Miad aa Unaa ralad npon a ilaM or cnknri In a ribbon 
tmJ*— tha ana a dark grtn, tba riald of tha enp baing 
d bf, aaj, tha tgani; the Mhtra pala. dabiona 
■'"' — 'a jelloa, Iha fMani to tns ladgar (uHj "~ 



•>]<« tha gnmtl appUnllon of ataan-poni ibnughoat ttit 
iHCih and kiaadU s( tha Und, wa an not Hkiac jau to )n- 
'M joar apital ia a lof ac nnUlad iaplrmenl, but to taka 
Mnatifia of Uw aeiutik knovladie of tba afe, and tkertbr 
tnalt jaanaliMt y out naifhlMHiFa, and 7 our fcUov-eoontijiBan 
(gkicn). I hna tha honoar to ateoad tba reulution. 

Hr. Biarii baHatad that a gntt dul »aa to be attom- 
plahad fma Iha eaplarmmtof (team taokla for ploaghinir. 
Ut daabUd whalhar faiaan, Ihoith aa iaolitad claaa, mra 
"" baataaid tbaa ntaanfketaran i> adopting an jlkbg that 
■M Im th* (Md at thair piekata (luiKhtcr). Ha ahould ba 
''** ' " "« ha»a tha opportnaltjothiriaga itaam ploogh. 



ifitagalddolhaa. 



It lOi. a: 



10 baUared nolhii 



riTaa tooi 



U that Haaa >bi, in nferanta to eul' 

>"i>| Toaat (Haar, haar) ; bat rirmaii 

■tita, pit thaii handi is ihalr potkata, and Dot lelf apon 

«Wi. Ha tnatad thej aontd ooma (orward ■ 



»pl»T Maam aoald 
tkra aba did (Haai 
la nplf la a qoaal 






la (oiHard in noai 
Iha gun who did nal 
Donpeta, in futun, with 

who liid h* cama 



ck coBpas; for tha purpoaa of auppljiiig itaam ^ipantoi 
•pplianta, alloviag thnn to repay tha coat plica by inalal- 
U nlnding onr ■ ecitaiD nunbat of jean, on (he princi- 
rf a railing atack eoaoaoj." In hia opinion Iha paicbiae 
WBldbenude bjtlia landlord and lananl in eonJDBOtioa, the 

mpnrtiUBBihowirrai theludlord ftu tha pajnuit at 



pit of a; 



jj, and h* luaa tha gnat diaadraatago 
HI a imimm n unng to wait far hit tQTB to hit a hia land 
oaltiaatad ttj itaam. Ha aOBatimaa aitaad hia opputonltjr, 
wd whan ha did gat Iha ataam ploagb ha alaoai wiahed It 
•waT- Utaee ha aoaaidaiad that It woald b* a great hMefil 



{Beat, hou). Their axpariaaaa of alaam ploagfaiag 
caalanhin eUailj ahowad that it waa nat daiitaU* for any 
coBpanj to aadertaka ploa|hiig bj hire. It «m aHaatial to 
tha aaoata ol an aodettikug lika that nndei eonaidanilon 
(hat than ahooM be good •eeoiltr, and laeh aatarllr eoald be 
oblaiaad tbraagh tha laodlocd aad tha tiaant Ming in e«D- 



caapanT weald baia an additional aaeuritr in 1 bond 
tha liadloid that Iha tBontj ahould ba paid. Lai thaB ot 
the adf antagn of thia aghene. Whw iha maehinerf wu nrat 
aoppliid, tka laodlotd'a ratvratibilitT waa at Iha auilBoB ; 
bai the aogiaa aaa aaw and ia Aral-rata onditMO. Y*tr after 
rear, ii tha taoiM eanUaaad paring oB, tha aiMant of hii 
inlaraai ieertaaed, while tha laadlord'a laapoaaibililT diBia- 
iahad. The Compaoj atill retalnad ila aaoaritr : lod in tha 
ateat ef Ihalaoanl'i refiiaiag or baeonrng nanbla to caniinne 
tha pijmanla. tha taadlord wonld mtat Ibam, and at the and 
of Iha paiiod the enlliratoT wonld ba hia. Ha thought that 
wu tha only waj to ohilin proper ucnritj 1 nor wai il at all 
nnrauonabla, in bii opinion, to aik ludloid) to innir 1 
raaponilbiliET for what would eoadnee to tbeii benalt a wall 
at to that of tha tenant. 

Tha Earl of BnrFoLK and BaHMataa obatred that 
onda thai ijMam a landownei mighl bita ha]t-i.daitD ataam 
plougha lafl on hii hiada. 

Hr, Bakiibun laplied, that in that eaee he would bar* 
hair-a-doiOD larma to be calliitlad (Hear, bear). He knew a 
recant eaaa in which a turn bad to be lei, on wblch there waa 
a iteaB ploogh, and one of the coadiliont wai thai the new 
taunt ihoDld tike loihit plongh. Thrnwera a great number 
of ap|ilir!inta lor the farm, and lO far from tbacoDdilion juat 
sealioned beinit objected to by than, it aw eontideraa u 
adTUtaga that ih* fuluia tenant would obtain aiteam plnngh 
on tha fann (Hear, hear). 

Or, VoaLCKiB, in aanndlng the reaolntinn, aild tha 
farBera of England were frequtnSj ipoken of aa a prrjudiied, 
ignorant, and alow race of men. It wu not for him 10 uj 
•hetber tbej were mora ao than other elaaieiof the com. 
BUoitji All had their prr]udie«, and all wet* more or leu 
igcoraat (Hear, hear), sod If one clan were > little qniekti 



if (hay ware not alnr, the; coold not ba goi 
if alow, thef aer* inre (Htar, bear). He 
earning out of the rriolntloa Joal prupsi 



t-iloek CO 






Ban engaged in manulaaturai or eamoiBrce euMipriiinc wai 

not in that poailian: tbaj rial ly had to turn a penny twin 
before they conld with eemfort to Ibtmielrea ipand it : aud H 
WH (try raiionabte that a taroar ihould think twirebefore 
■pending a large lum on an implaBent of wbieh ha had 
pcrhapi had little genaal obaerratLou, and no pfxaonai ei- 
pericuca. Now, it aai to meet tbii caH, aa haimdaratood, 
that joint-alock compauiei were to ba gatablubad, and ha had 
no doubt that titmara would larK'l; >Tul ihemulTN of tha 
opportnnitj of repaying by initiloieota the noDey adTanead 
by capiulitta. But ha felt that he aaa lOBewhat nut of plaea 
in ipeakiiig on such a purely practical qnaation, and ha would 
thirttoie, ai a acieatific Ban, adiineaing, aa ba did 1 large 
iuBuentuU nueting, procaed to ■Mutinn two poiata with whieh 
the diicuaaioai which took place on the adTaatagwoI ataaa 
cullival oB did not appear to bin U> baie bean awda 
■ufflcleutly piemiueut, Thaj wen^ firit, that by atean eak- 
tiialion yoa could get from many aoila an imBenie 
quantity of aunore, and thui MTe a good deal of nu 
pdT^aae of artificial or the porchaaeof boBa-madai 
a Tery important adnntage (Heai, haarlj aaonodly, that 

tb«« wRaaanymla ia tbii mnB^wbU* ^" ' 






64 



■,irth' 



ftttilitj ID ii 



It — lot azunpla, |I^*<>0 O' wperpbaplimte 
Du, armn [irmTiitd m inure. Tnit Hoiinil point wai 
ot (rut pnctieal iapDiUoca. The; jnqnintly hord of 

nidution ; uJ it wouM be well la ioqum vbtC wu tbe 
poieilf. Lind of thai kioit might b( poor foi 
juoui — eitber becauHIt hid not tb« el^aunti of 
, or bicaoM it nAk not Id a fit conditioo to nceirfl 
ilhei cua laaMhiiig ibouLd ba dono lo brio^ 
To do Ibii bj Dunnil tabonr 
ioithji. ■'- — ■ 



of efcctiiK "«• object, id »on 
,. T, •turn puwcr. WhUaoiildb«UMn«U ofitac 
sultintiou ? In pl«« otaoN then wm, k> to ipeik, ui im- 
msDH unonnt of upiUL locked op ia tba loH, that capital 
voolil b* Hi Tim ; in otbai wordt, ilni 
eliniiiiM from the aoil itMlf tba aleiuB 



> b«lt«r condiiioa. 



who knevaaTtUoc of hie 
wnUDK* muit «DDir uat ba w*a a great adtocil* foe eTttj 

dMariptioBormaDDnin ill piopci pUn. Ha e«ll«l appb- 
catHuu or miDDiB oot of place when tliej bad tba elaBaDti of 
{citilitr in tha aod, and wljan Tor aut of proper aui^ or 
propar implaaienti they did ddI aiail thamHlTaa o( ateun 
cnltiTition to «ork ont oF the lud the auiteiuli they itqaiied. 
Thli «u ■ point «biib hail not been iafflaaall]> aitaadad to 



TUB FARMER'S MaOAZINS. 

wuUier, bj doinn bii work nth mimllona oMfitioe and 
prceiriiHi, tba pronreai of iMen ealtiTttioa mail maaa «n 
proBtabla facming and aiora abandaBl food. Tbe Hwiaiilj (f 
faimera who ou ataam bear antboiiutie teatiooeji to iti 
aspenontj oret bo(ie-poni. With the foblic, tte ueaf 
•team epplied to ■friealtiire ii a qaaatian of tha Terr itimt 
imponaBce. eiaea it mtani n larjc* incnaaa of the iteek of 
borne- prodnecd food far tbe people. That Ibere ia room lit 
the moil proitabla inaatBBBt ot a larne eapital iu iMB 
iKrlcolLnrc, it pniad by a cakolatioa pnUiabtd in tba leidiaf 
article of the AgriailurBl Oatrttt ti latj, ISfll, where it ■ 
ihown that in tbe niliiiatioatf tba land tbeia ia foil icopeEK 
ttaeamplojiuntor 11,000 aniciMa of twalTt-hwMpavircifh. 
Tba hrner who mar dcaira to baj maebineij tbroogh (ha 
Bgeno^ of tbia companj, nil), to a (ntl ataBi, ha at bbMf 
to eboota bi* o>n ajileia and inplHiBit nakw. Tbt ihan- 
boldan, M tbr otbat hand, an liBe Inn ritk. unca tba eaa- 
panj order oolj after thaj baie aold, Tbe} an net aalM 
npoa to TCBtiiie a thiUiaK in agricnltnral alaan —"*-— j- 
tbe; are mgrelj the inletaadiHiaa abo par tba impleaot 






nj dcKriptian 1 



.r([Ie« 



Ttn pecaobt had mj adeqaate idsi 

Oloneeatenbire, and for bit own amnicaieat ba Madt a oalcu- 
liuoo wibi rffard to their coaiiituenti. Ha lauad tbatintbe 
alar loila there wai, vilhin a depth of no inch and a-half, a 
noSaenl aaionnl of that terr impDnant tlement potaah to 
•opplf Ihevbut crope for 1^0 ;aaii, and that larmeci had 
oal; to K" donn another inch and a-half lo get aumgh potuh 
toe 1,500 jean iniira. There wen Dtoj poor daj landt, and 

if thej were onltiiUei bj ileaB wonld for " '- 

of jeara jieJd large eiopi, without tba taroc 

to make larp pnrefaaaee of piano m other i 

to the neai place be woald obaarre that iubj aoila wen not in 

a Bt cmdiliDn to noei** minaraa ; tbej wan bad dafi, or ao 

tanaeiomt that if mannra wen applied to Ibam it ran ofT the 

•uifaoe. When rain fell, the moat (eluabla portion of the 



bnoneoBpdl 
tiBoi^ nenwi 



raadint waj Ibrangh tl 
through the loti. Bj i 
lion ot the aoil, and tl 
would be great]} isipro 



would bi 






n could not but produce wonderfnl 
1 that vhatthej now witneaied waa 
Lo be eipected (nm ateam cal- 



entjreai 



A GlNTLEnaHT apfuktog from the cvitn of tba room, and 
who eononoeed himeelf aa Ibe owner of aogar eetatea in tha 
Waat Indiea, ipoke of the locceaa with which alum eal^Tation 
bad been intnidiind into Damann, Bubadaet. and Anligna, 
hot urged that ntlentioo ahBold ba tamed to nmplif})D( the 
macbioerT. and thua tedueiiif ite ooit. 

Tba itaolation was then adopted. 

Hir QioHOB JnNKiNaoN mo'Cd the following letolnUon: 
''That ibia Deeting newi with decided eppnbation the objreti 
of the Qencial Steam CnltitttioB Ccmpanj, and the mode in 
which it it deaigned to cairj them into elect." He itid 
_.. j__. — j, jjj^ (^ 

nj ihauld 



25 perse 



initalmenta. Thajbare , 

pital.fnr while tba eamfaa} recan iaiendjoief} 
., and whn tbe Ant jear'e qaaitnlr iaMelBnli 
nmn omm paid, hoU ■ total caih leenri^ equal ia M eaie ta 
lean Ihan S3 par raut. of tbe ntail Talna, Otj retain tba Irfit 
DiDaeriAip ot the machinirj — to tham an tlwaya arailable ■• 
cBriEj' until II. price of it hta been rompletely niBbinedti 
them. The rate at which Ihecapila] ienpaid tothneeapHf 
■ill nlira}!, aren under the aarcD-jnua' acale, —r'"*'" tl* 
eauDut ia their band) at a eam far b^ond anjr poeaibletnoml 
of depraeiatioD which the auetainerj might auffer fnM ff- 

tha machiueij in an effcctiul ittla of npair. aad 
to tha aatiifactioD of Uic companf'a engineer^ vhicb, 
iudaed, it will obrioualj be to bi> own inteieat lo de.' 
Tbroa objeGtiooi ven relied egainat ateam enltirttion. TU 
fint waiilie aipuue it iuTolied. That objection would be m- 
tiralj mat bji the eonpanj, inaamucb u the lenael fatmn 
wonld not be called Bpon to lay out an/ uone} (a obtain • 
ileam cnltirator. Tbe aacrad ohjeelioo via the traoUaci 
aDODjance which might be eunad to laodloidB h; rtqmr^ 
them to alter tbe abnpe of their IMda, aad to MBwntbciT 

idowaer imprand tala fbinu to tba extent le. 

.,...., ._ ,^ .. iKodialai 

of produce, and arrf 



iarj,gif.wiT 
, Bgl 



ot the land would be ample 
Ha wiwld be able to obtain a I 
the land would yield a giMtar 
mon alock. Tbe lait elqcalic 
it wonld inlerlua with buntiag. Eren if I 
caae, it ihonld be Temanbend that tauntii 
thing (Hear, bear), and that it nmt, if w 
to the prodoction of inereaaed food tor tha 
aa on* wbo banted himielf, he oontended thet' that oM'*'* 
WBi unfouoded. Erar; hnnlaiaan knew what it waa lo lift 
Dter a heaTf clij, baring a high fence at the end of it, n 
a blown horia ; and it clay land were well diaioed aid in a 
aound condition, nndoubledlj leu iojurr wauld he dote la 
it bj the treading of horui tbtn *ai done while it wu an- 
dniued end elmoit in a atale ot natuie, and tha horae'i hM<i 
mada pita lor water. Viawiog tbe quaatiou ai a apgrtmia^ 
it will aa I landlord, ba thought there waa no force in the 
abjection with regard lo bunting. In condnaion, he woM 
remark that aearcel} anything great or important coold ba 
achiertd withoot touM ucriSce at tbe ootaet ; end e*ca if a 
landlord did lota a taw hondrad ponnda b; making hisidt 
retponiibla in tbe manoer aow prapoiad, he would ulbiatK'T 
reap adiintige in the impiond itate of hia laid, and it 
- ig better lananU (Hew ' ' 



Mi. H. Willi 



id Ibe 



V Google 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



THE SMITHFIELD CLUB SHOW. 



THE LIVE STOCK. 



Q the Qf»iiet»' Palsce. The lattlt 
tluui pn 245 enbio — in increue of 04 over last 
JOT. The pigi, toa, nnmber B6 entria, or 4 more than 
Wjeir; but tlu aheep f»U pff, there being only 161 
pcis, or S2 tewer than at tlie Show of last December. 
Tlie qmlitj, boweTer, ii by no ineanB >o good, and tbere 
ii no qoeition bnt the calaloEae numbered np the mi 
modentc lot of besata brought togethEr for some years 
put. In &ct, aa Mr. Bnckley, one or the judges, said al 
ihe Aumtn' Qub dinner : " Having perhspi had greatei 
oppiKtaiutiei than almost any penoo present of judging of 
the daniAer at tbii yev's ihow, inasmuch as he spent 
the greater part of Monday morning in judging, he must 
declan that in his opinion it was nothing like as good as 
Ihoae of looia preriona yeora. Here were more comnoa 
inimals than niual ; and when the stock was taken from 
the atall to the open, it would be seen that oa the whole 
it was not neany so good aa what had beeo eibibiled 
before. To what cause this was to be attributed, whether 
it was owing to the demand for bulla abroad, or whether 
it was that the bert oien were not to be found in the 
awotjy, he coold not tay, but the animals were certainly 
Bot Of oal to thoae of the last three or four years." 

Tit Dxvosa about equal Iheir last year'a appeennce, u 
^u uumben are eoncerned. At Birmingham there was 
une DDmnially good competition in the male claiaej t but 
itn we hare winners that would not run the riak of a 
jovney last week, and aared up their condition far 
triiunph at lalingtoa, Mr. Robert Wortley's firat prize 
iteer, bred from the herda of Mr. Hole and Mr. Qnsrtly, 
ii remarkable for siie and weight, very great at 2 yean 
■III 7 months old, and possessing also the characteristic 
"t ■ good Devon. Lord Leicester takes the second place 
■ith aootiier capital apecimen of the breed ; and Mr. 
Jch^i Overman places ■ good third, well fed, of good form, 
ud showing the qoahtj of the stock of Mr. Timer and 
Lird ItaeaAer, fram which this animal waa bred. 
Goicnl Hood'a ateer. in the class, is small-framed, 
thngh in rare meaty condition. The older Deiona 
•nin great font; Mr. Ileath'a oi, from the stock of 
Mr. Puimore, being all meat, of rare loach and qoa- 
lily, and with, a very small praportion of bone. Some 
question may be niud whether Lord Ldcester'a third- 
pnu ihoiild not have been a-head of General Hood'a 
noDd-piiie steer; the latter ia not well-ahaped abont 
the loin and rump ; but splendid beef haa carried the 
dsy -. and after aU, the butcher most be thought of, aa 
■ell IS the biteder and graiier, tn a professedly fat-stock 
show. Mr. Farthing's steer has great siie, bnt fails in 
poinl otaualitj ; and Mr. Osbonie's is a compact well-fed 
uimal, deaerring of special mention. He remainder of 
Ihe daai is good, as ia evident from the hct of Mr. Tucker's 
third-prize beaat at Bingley Hall being here without a 
pltct among the honoora. In the Devon cowa, Mr. 
Toeker'a ftrat-piiie Birmingham eow " Bonny," and sveiy 
pni one too, is beaten by three clearly superior animal. 
Goieiil Hood's third-prize cow, " Hyacinth," bred by the 
Istt Prince Coniort, is prime in every reapect ; Mr. 
Htath's old mw " Stately" ia &irly in the second place, in 
fiU of too mnch Imnpy Besh to be a perfect model ; and 
Mi, John Overman's " Fanny" eclipses all, fbraymmetry. 



beauty, nod good feeding combined. The heifera are of 
considerable merit. Ittr. Smith's Birminghaza firat.priie 
heifer, all fat and Scah, is here only th^d to two mnch 
better animals ; namely, Mr. Farthing's heifer by " Sir 
Peregrine," and Mr. Ford's " Almateua," which takes the 
Grstprize for splendid form, and great weight of good meat. 
The HEBsrOBDS number fonr entries more than last 
year. In the class for young ateera, Mr. Shirley's Sist- 
pitte Birmingham beast is here second to General Hood's 
steer, which was not even commended at Birmingham. 
Keithec ia a first-daaa animal, but the Royal beast haa 
certainly the fewest faults ; he has a grand back and loin, 
and better fore-quarter thin the other, and more of tiie 
true Hereford character, though a aomewhst loose handleri 
the girth ia 7 feet 8 inches, and length 4 feet y inches; 
of Mr. Shirley 'a— girth 8 feet, length 4 feet 10 inches. 
Mr. Bettridge's third-priie steer girths 8 feet G inches, 
and though three months older than Mr. Shirley's, is 
inferior in some of the principal points. In the clau of 
older males, we find the crack steer of the show, Mr. 
Heath's silver-enp, or jmiaiiaTii gold-medal, oi, the beat 
male animal in all Uie cattle classes. This is an eitraordin- 
arily great and grand specimen of the breed— ven large in 
frame, broad, deep, wonderfully atraight, level, and heavily- 
covered at every good point -, the girth is 9 feet 4 inches. 
Unfortunately, this true ox is off his legs, and even 
on Monday waa evidently doubling up ; but when seen on 
all-fours, his appearance is very taking, his bone fine, head 
handsome, coat of the right character, and handling 
indicative of snperb beef. Mr. Symonds need not grieve at 
coming only second after such a apecimcn, and does well 
itep in before Mr, Aldworth'a very big and good tbird- 
;e OI. Mr, Phillips' Birmingham commended oi is 
e "nowhere." The judges have chopped the Birming- 
1 decisions ibont in a strange manner , and the Fates 
have atill further over-ruled the elcmenta, to derange the 
rords of that occasion. The foot-and -month distemper 
has knocked down Mr. Gmvea' splendid Birmingham Grat- 
prize heifer, which we had hoped would have here won aome- 
thing like ■ position, asshewosliardly well en ongh treated 
' Bingley Hall. Here, however, she could but get a second 
ice to Mr, Bettridge's " Yoang Beauty," that was aecoad 
Birmingham. This heifer bad firm Srst-daas fleah, but 
aoch perfection as that of her unlucky oompetitor ; and 
we look upon the Islington ruUng aa altogether a miatakc 
Mr, Williama' " Dnohess," that was third at Birmingham, 
takes no prize here; but Mr. Hunt's heifer atepa in 
as third — certainly an eicellent and handsome animal. 
Mr. Baldwin's "Empress," highly commended at Bir- 
mingham, ia obliged to follow suit to Mr. Hunt's tieifer, 
there unnoticed. Among the cowl, loliogton 
eaten Mr. Pitt's "Chert?/' and General Hood 
and Mr. Draper change their Binniagbain places, to the 
advantage of the former ; being, as wc then said of her, 
th amatter and neater than the other. 
Spurred up by their mediocre position of last year, the 
Shobthobhs bave come np in strong force — no less than 
5S, instead of 44 entries. Mr, Baker's Birmingham gold- 
nedal roan ia here again the conqneror among its breed ; 
I grand beast, with a wonderfully round barrel of flaab, 
ind only here and there a fanlt to be found ; bnt eood si 
he undoubtedly is. we cannot class this animal with same 
■ " ve occasionally astonished the world in former 
years. Mr. Swinnerton's oi is second again, aa at Bir- 
very good beaat, ot ^reat aize, m* qnility. 



C^oo^Te 



THK FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



bat BomewIiBt defcclive both in thigh Dad aboulder. Mr. 
J. B. Thoropson'a white oi is also third nj-nin, lew other 
noticeable animak appeared in the class, beyood perhaps 
Mr. Aldworth'9 rery heavy roan. There was a verv lari-o 
class of young steers, aiid as iDtiioated in our Bin|;lcy Hull 
re[)ort, Rood judges have seen cause to prefer Mr. John 
Thompson's steer to that uf the Bulce of Beaufort ; 
u indeed, to stiU belter bensis than His Grace's. Mr. 
Thompson's roan, highly -comiacaded at BirmiDgham.here 
takes the highest place in the class ; and. aRer carefully ei- 
■miuingall points, we are perfectly satisBedthal the award 
is right, and, as we said nt lime, that Ibc Binningham de- 
cree Kai wrong. The Duke's steer, thongh given a third 
priie at Birmingham, is very imperfect in fonn, the 
shonlder-blades grown out like those of otd-worked plough 
oien, and the desh much too palehy, Mr, Sismaii's 
commended steer is more meritorions in regnrd to sym- 
metry, though rather a loose handler; while Mr.Staiotorlh's 
(t«T, that was first in his doss at Birmingham, went 
theueeto Liverpool; so that Earl Radnor's (hick. good roan 
beast, with beautiful form and rare ronnds of beef, gets 
the second pri», after Mr. Thompsun's first. Mr. Ilnl- 
btrt'a steer is square, deep, and good, but wauling in 
length; Kir. Craddoek's dclicient in flesh, and neither 
level along the back nor posst-jjiug much beanty ; nor is 
Sir Thomas Lenntrd's "rtTj commendabte for weight 
or quality. General Uood is in luck in this class; 
bnl we cannot see what the judges eould admire and 
" commend " in Ibis white steer, with thick bone, 
Bat ude, and back ont of line, nuless it be the good 
meat, depth of carcass, general brnld and shaggy hair 
of a Highlander — hardly meritorious in a pure Short- 
horn. A short show of heifers did not prodnee anything 
to equal Mr. Swalsland's Birmingham plum ; and " Oak- 
bnd" again carries off the silver cup as the best female in 
all the cattle classes. She is certainly very perfect in most 
of her points, and vrith nearly everj-thiug abont her that a 
breeder may admire ; saving, as we reported of her at 
Birmingham, a lack of fcmiuine character, particukirly 
about the head. The flrst prize roan and red cow 
of Mr. Matthewj, " Beauly," was not at liirmingham ; 
she is eieecdiogly level and h»ndaome, with rare hind- 
qnarten, and hoe o^ ; but some question was raised by 
man; critics as to the merits of the second and third prize 
eowi. Mr. Lynn's well-known " Luck's-all. tijiing the 
second prize, has a sweet head, but is deficient before the 
shoulder, and with very loose blabber beef. ill. Abbolt's 
third-priie ro*n row " Nonpareil" is ciccedingly good ; 
but while fatter, also two years older than the other. All 
things cOTisidered, these animals could arorcely have been 
placed Dther«isE than as they are. Among the remaining 
cows, Mr. Edmonds' "Beauty" is worthy of mention, as 
large-framed, level, and good in qnality. 

Last year we hod bat eleven ScssFH cattle ; this time, 
that uaetnl breed numbers thirty entries. Mr. Shoosmith's 
first-prize steer is just the sort for the meat-market. Mr. 
Neole, Messrs. Heasman, Air. Bolting, and Mr.M.Monte- 
flore also show some very well-formed, well-fed, aud valu- 
able animals. Messrs. Hensmau's first priieeow.aud Mr, 
Shoosmith's seeond-prjie, " Lovely," aro beautiful beef, 
with cousidctable merit for symmetry and fine breeding ; 
and the Sussex evince stil! farther advancement io that 
style and quality so observable on the last few occasion*. 

NoMOLK or SurroLK Polls were ciccedingly scarce 
last year, when we had but two entries ; but ^is scaion 
we have as many as seven. Mr. Oliver, Mr.lVortlcy, .Mr. 
Mulleu, and ilr. Collins eihibit some creditable'spcci- 
mens of breeds— more valuable than their scanty appear- 
ance at our (ht stock shows might lead us to suppose ; 
■Ithoush in some instancea the evidence of a cross with 
homea cattle was very apparent, 

Hie l/ixuBOtxa nnrnW Mf-tt-dom entiin, lutttad 



of only four, aa last year; and their general quality \s 
really good. Mr, Chapman, Jlr. Coi, and Jlr, Barbirry 
show animals of great substance and rich fieah ; Mr. 
Burberry's cow being the best of the breed, and doe a! 
the best seen for some seasons, 

Scotch Horned Cattle numbered only tour bisl year; 
hut this ChrialmaB, they have grown to eleven. Mr. Sntji'i 
splendid West Highlander, grand in every point, anil nlwnl 
as good as we ever saw uf this Cnc breed, is of eoiirw 
Arst, and really the only question is whelJu^r he shouUnut 
have been the Champion Cup oi of the show T Mr. Allsn 
Pollok's ruddy-ooalcd oi it not half a bad Moood ; and 
Mr, Eastwood's heifer it extremely handaome, ver)' com- 
pact, vrith beautiful touch, aud characteristic shagiy black 

The Scotch Polh are eleven— on increue of four 
eulriet. Mr, MT^mbio's big Binningfaam flit priic 
Aberdeen, again takei the lop place ; and Mr. llcilh'i 

G-ime Galloway it once more seoond here. The N'orlh 
ritish cattle are teaehing some of the Soothen brttdm 
a lesson of improvement ; and the Uaek polled anJ 
rough-coated, loog-homed Wwt H^;hlanden are likely 
to continue amongst the most attractive fetturet in tie 
Smithfield Club Show. 

Tbero wss one TiiBH Cow last year ; bnt now there 
arc three oien and ■ cow. Mr. SeweU Bead's liibl- 
roan-eoloored oi has moch of Shorthorn exeeUeicet ibuul 
it ; and the Earl of Damley showed a nice Kerrv. 

Of WGLaH Cattle there are but four, a dermsc of 
one linre last year ; althoi^h these runts are amongfl ltt« 
most valuable beasts that either the butchor or the graiier 
ever get hold of. Here Mr. Sewoll Read and Mr, 
Bennett take first prices with animtlt of considenble merit. 

The Chois or ^IiieD'BBBD Cattle number nindccn 
entries, or one in excess of Last year. Mr. Wortlcr'i 
Uevon and Polled Norfolk it very good, and qoil' 
Devonicnsisin character. Mr. John Overman's Devou ini 
Shorthorn is very great and good, but more like a Shorthorn 
than anything else. Mr. Mitchell's cross between Long- 
horn and Shorthorn is conspicuous for immensity of fmns 
rather than for weight of good flesh pot npou it. )lr. 
Farthing's Oucmtey and Devon heifer is very like a pwd 
Devon ; and Mr. Allan Pollok's Shorthorn and Gstlunay 
heifer, black, and without homt, it very tymmettical, 1:1, 
and of capital quality. She was one of the plomi of tiic 
pudding, and, as we wrote of her at Birmingham, "apii:- 
lure to look at — round, tree, and at fnll as an egg of good 
meat all over her;" while she now easily defeated Its 
cow placed above lier in Bingley Hall, But the onriosity 
otihe"rroMariiiij-ed breed" clastei was Mr. Tin p^'' 
second-prilB ox, described at a croia between the Lincoln 
and Vorkshire bnedt. The latter, we take it, impliu i 
Shorthorn ; but what is the Lincoln breed if that is not 
also of the Dnrliam character? At any rate, as we ue 
assured, at the recent meeting at Waylond in Norhlli Mr. 
'Rngey't beatt was entered as a Shorthorn, taking a lerand 
priie to Mr. Malhcwi' cow, which was placed first, M 
Islington the two on again flrst and second, but with the 
Merton cow ttill a Shorthorn, aud the EUingham oi a 
crota I We do not say that jndges should be able to dn- 
tinguish a cross-bred beaat from his mere appearance ; but 
anreiy it is their business to inqnire of what the crow W 
mixed breed really contiits ? and perhapi thete geollenifn 
in snpport of their award wiil be hind enough to define ibc 
difl'erencc helwem the Yorhihire and Lincoluihire breeds. 

The Extra Stock Cattli classes have largely in- 
creased ; there being here no less than SB entries, injfctd 
ot 18 as at last yearns show. Mr, Birkbeck't prize Devon iJ 
a very good animal, and standi alongside a most tremn- 
doQt beatt— a Shorthorn, exhibited by Mr. RoW. Wortln. 
There are many veiT good tpedmeot In this odd lot, Mr. 
Facke'i wUt« hsOa b caMalr « ^m^, md KTcnl 

I. : I.C-lOO*.; 



THE PARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



Kwn tad btihn in the Mine cbua wosld Iibtg diawn well 
laoag tke ftiMt •ninuli in tlie vukiu piue-hieed oIumi. 
Mr. {iibldt'i Aldernej Mid Mr. WhiUey'i rad and 
wWm BrittMj divcriifled the character of thii depart- 
M^t, which WM of more tEiaa ordmuy ment. 

Ji ■ whols, the Mttli eluMM formed a good BTenue 
eiUliition — nombera compcoiating in some degree for So 
nut of napreeedeDted excellency in individual animal* 
ud the prcMDM of nther too inaeh eomnum mirlcet- 

We hare onl; a dozen entriea of Leice»»b Sheep, while 
l«5l year there were 81. AlargerftamBand moreiobitance. 
with 1 gteater wealth of wool, teem to ehanuteriie this 
Ifwd, ia comnariaoii with the flnenesg and queJity which 
CDM won all the priiea. Mr, PoSiBmhB'i fint-priic 
wetitn an prime in ererj respect, witi baolLi eitiwnel)' 
wU conred, good legs of mnlton, and excellent flcfces. 
Thtr well deserre the lilver cnps which they have carried 
off u the beet sheep in the Leiceiter and loog-wool claua. 
O)loinl I^wther's second-priae wethcra are not vtry much 
lofrrior; and Mr. Lovell'i also were well worthy of their 
priiE, Lord Bemera' ihows a capital pea of " wethers 
not; eiteeiiing 2201hs. live weight;" and Colonel 
L>'rtlitr and Mr. WiUmore toTlom suit with very conv- 
mesdible mnttiin and wool. Bat there is no auperlative 
merit iBch aa oacaeianally fttrms a feature in the ahcep 
fljHH il the Club show. 

or the CoTswoLDS the leu said the better, There arc 
Iml two entries, ogsiuit eight lut year; and the speoi- 
atu ml are so little charactwirtic of Hu noble breed 
tbit the priici are Justly withhelil. 

Of lJ>coi.st we have four entries, againat two last 
jai; and theee arc fair ipecimens of a very valuable kind 
ufiheep, Mr. Cranficld'i wethers are very heavy, woU- 
hnaiii, with good wool, and handaome loolci ; and both 
Mr. lUrshall'i second priw wethen and Mr. Codling's are 
i^iT good eheep, 

Jki RoMMr Marsh ihecp have put ia an appearance 
mil three pern, though uono were imtered last year, Mr. 
Jlorton'i STB better ipedmBai of the hardy breed than 
UK shown themselves before, with something like aym- 
^Itj. and leas of the ungainly form that used to detract 
n™ their caUlogne of good qualitiei. 

The Leicester and LosawooL "Eitta Stock" nuke 
« ihart ihow — only 23 entriea, against 32 last year. 
Coloiid Lowlher and Mr. Lynn win smong the Leioestar 
"Filim and ewes respectively. In the class now «epn- 
raieJ for Longwools not Leieealen, Mr. Porter shows a 
CoUwali Ewe of luge proportions, heavily-fleahed and 
taoJioiiie ai the breed gencnJly is ; and Mr. Marshall and 
Jlr, Lynn have louie very good Lincoln awes. 

Tin SoDTBMWKi number only W, instead of 83 
wtriH, as last jm. Lord Walsinghsm"! flrst-pri^c 
"cihcrs got the Silver Cup tor the Down cUases. These 
ire most perfeetly-fonnei and handsome animals, tme 
vid IhcI, My equal to anything ever seen in quality, 
"« wry fine wool ; and bevond all this, thm have the 
»wl or canying gieat weight npon their deUcale bone. 
II li illeged that these three sheep weigh, alive, 49 stones 
(mperi*!) and 12!bs., or 8^ stonn more than the prize 
*t«p of lak year. The Duke of Richmond's are by no 
jj^u to be despised, keeping up ttic olden feme of the 
GwdwooJ floek] and the Earl of Badnor fnlla only a 
Wde way behind, with an admirable pen of very pretty 
'''lis. In the class of wethers under SOOlbi. live 
"aghl, the Morton flock ia first agaiB, and the Duka of 
ftfimonii and the £*rl of Radnor meritoriously second 
"d third, as befnni. For oldar wethars, the Duke of 
Krfinond &iriy beaU Lord Waliingham, and the Earl of 
Kiiior gains only • "high conjmendition," after Mr, 
'!■•'■ Ovemun a third priic. 

The lUunHiu 01 WiusBiu Dowkb number abgut 



Bi last year. Mr. Canning's are snperb shMp, witli a* 
traordinarr backs, rare legs, great framM hMvUy loaded 
with beautiful mutton, and with a eonaideraUe wright of 
good wool 1 but while very long, not bo symmetriol as i 
Wrfset tnodel requires. Mi. Bennett's second prise and 
Mr. King's third prize wdheri are not totj speoisMj 
commendable. Is it a judge's duty to give anyboiianr 
whatever to sheep whien, good as they nu; be, have ■ 
atapte of wool over the loin of scarcelr any leagtii at all, 
whde in other parts it is some inches bngP 

There are 10 entriea of SHioraHiREa, agunit 12 last 
year. 3omo of the pens are eieeedingly fine. Mr, 
Henry Smith's, which were only commeni&d at Birming- 
ham, tiaa very properly boat Lord WenlocVs, which ttere 
got ■ first piiie. In the clasa of older sheep, Mr. Hor- 
ley's wethers, not even commanded at Bingley Hall, and 
ilr. Holland's, which were equally unnoticed there, are 
here plaoed flrat and second, twatiag Mr. Onat Foster's, 
which were not only first priie, but also the eitra-priie 
aheep, at Binaiugham. This is curious, as Mr. Foster's 
and Mr. Smith's ahecji are bred eiBctiy the tame way, 
while one flock is preferred and the other discarded in 
Binolnghain, and vKe vertd in London. 

The DiroRnaBisu number four entriea, ai last year, 
Mr. Overman, Mr. Lmce, and Mr. Sti%oe bdng th« 
priic winners. But really, the trimmlag si ' 



itter how valuable the carcass thus hidden tmder a de- 
ceptivu contour? Mr. Charles Howard, who does not 
deign to fashion his aheep, is not hero an eiMUlor, bat 
the first and third prizes are from his stock. 

We had six entries of Mouniii:i iheep last yaar; Uill 

time we find eight. The little wbite-boed Eimoor Wni 

much improved ; in fact they are so good that they 



whether the large heavy sheep are ioiui fide i 

VIonntain" breed; and the Council decided that, though 

greatly improved, they mutt he ooondared as entitled 

compete in this class. Mr. Sastwood's Old Lane*. 

ahirc, or " Look" aheap, of Itumease hmgth, though not 

symmetrical at Downs, with black and white speckled 

bees and &ae wool — longer than Hown wooL but ahortw 

than Leicester — gain the Crat priie in ths " Black-fitced or 

Speckled-heed" olaai; and are oerlainly • very valnahla 

sort for moor and monatain. 

"Eitra Stock" gives us 3D entries, agfuoit IS lait 
year. The Duke ot Riohmond's first priia Sontbdown 
wether is of splendid quality, but not et gnat wught j 
and Mr. Ovennnn'a, I^rd Wilsiugham't, and the BatI til 
Radnor's are very good. Lord Waltingham'a Silver Medal 
:we was in lbs Woreester first priia pen, and tram thia 
ihow will go home to bread from sgain — if «o, how can 
ihe boin place at thia ahow of butchers' -meat? Then is 
in eitremely good class of Shortwools not Sonthdowua, 
in whieh Mr. Henry Smith has the honour of beating Mr. 
Bruce, Mr, Charles Howard, and to on, with > M^til 
Shropahin ewe. 

There are 11 entries of Loho and Short Wool Clon< 
BHBDs— just the same number aa last yaw — Mr. Jno, 
Overman's LaaBstar and Southdowna, winning tba tilrtr 
cup for this cleat of sheep, are most splendid animali, 
of great substance and beauty. Perhaps it it hardlr Eui 
for the ShropshireB to compela againtt the cross-breds tme 
the cap, aa no pure breed can be sure of a plaea agaiitt tba 
" chances " which now and thep come^f pairing loiw an4 
B»' WesWouatry Doira 



short wools togethar, Mr. Jaaie*' > 
■nd Leicester wethen are aloeedin^ good i ana air. 
Hewer shows some great and prime Weat-eotm(«y Dovu 
and Cottwold aheep. At Uiwt WW pen in thj* elui i| 



ing 230 Ibi. liTi w 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



iht," iSi. Jna. OTCiman u agiin >uc- 
oewnu witn > capiuTpeii of hit Ldoater snd Soatbdawn 
ertoi; and Mr. Hitche comea Mcood with wnie good 
Cotairold and Suuei Down sheep. 

The ExTKA Stock Cboss-bbtds Domber tboot u list 
jrtsr, and malce a good ihoir of 11 antriei — Mr. Jno, 
Ovenau adding the nlver medal to hia other hononn. 

The fliirtj-ieTBii entriea in the pig part of the show 
abont equal the nnoiber of lait year. In the cUu of " pigi 
otanj breed, not exceeding i montha old," are manj' htUe 
wonden. Mr. De la Kne'i black Esiej beautiee, rerf &t 
■od well deTeloped, at Z months and 11 daf s old, won the 
flnt piiie ; and Meain. Barber came aocond and third, 
with the " improved Middlesei" bre«d. Sir Thomai 
Leniurd'i white Eaiai pigi are of great merit, in the clau 
for pigi not exceeding 8 months old ; in wEiich aln 
the Coonteai of Cheaterfleld dirtinguishea henelf with 
"Bretby whitia," and Mr. Sleam gets a third priie with 
Iiia"imall black Suffolk breed." Mr. Morhmd'i white 
" improTed Chiltoni" are fint in the claas of p^ not ei- 
Medma 12 monOu old; and Mr. Bigg'a " Berkdiirea" 
and Mr. Slade'a "•mall Yorkahirea" are only a little in- 
ferior, lie gold medal for the beat pigi ia won by 
Qenaral Hood, in the class tar pigs nnder IS monthi old. 
Theae three white " Prince Alb<^'a Windaora" are magnifi- 
cent in every reipBcl, wonderfiitly developed at both ends, 
all pork on a minimum of bone, with fine ears and heads. 
Mr. Morland, Mi. Criap, and the Coonteaa of CbeaterSeld 
■re alao great in this clut. 

Ilie extra stock nnmber nineteen entriea, or fbnr over 
bat jnr'a show. Mr. Sleim gela the ailver medal for a 
" amall black Snffolk i" bnt many eiceedingly good soi- 
tnala appear in this clasa. Altt^ether, the pigs are good, 
bnt not beyond what wc have seen on fanner occsaions. 

The jmrchaaea by the bntchera daring the 
tew, with what they have been, that we i 
making out ai < ' ' — ■ ., < 

to do with Bc 



a have deferred 



PRIZE LIST. 

CATTLE. 



Irish, and Croasbnd OsUls., 
John BmU*}, Momantga HIU, Loa^boroiich. 
Jotaii CoUsnan, The Parm, ITabani Fark, Beda. 
Bsliact Smith, Emmatt's Orssge, Soath If oIIob. 

' ae^aanold.— nrstpriu, MM., and 
.. WortltT, BnSdldHall.AjUbsm, 
" "-"-"---n.WBlls, 



SUvaT Medal ss brwder, B 



l.tiim Earl orLalewtai 



, I. OiMmaa, 

ham Hai^at, Norfblk. Cbwundsd: 
A. M. Rood. 

" an. above three yvarv 




L., Soihtan, BUndferd ,^- . 

ST to O. J. Lonoh. Westfleld- 

if tU., W. FarthiDB, Stowav Conrt. Brtdie- 

U.,W.Biiilth,SaBthcr'— " 

years old, — First pria 

■r Hvlal aa hreedar b 



of IN., lUvr-i 



lUor-Oeneral the B 
hreeder t« B.B.H -"- 
ShMsT, BuFMIt 
B. Bettrid(e, EssI 

and flavia Ccr, • 



■Oenersl the Hod. A 



nsj, WsBlaie, Barks, 
a three Tears old.— First) 
M.,tt "(^ •leerorailn 
Iham; wllh BUvar Medal as 



Leokle; Metre, CauDdAdnur.Bbrewsbur;. Bii«mdoriOi,W 
HjroutldA, LsmbDumo, Ramfbnl. Third of LOL. V. Aldvonh 
f riUhrd, AbknsdoD. iH^eemmoKfed.- J.FhUlipa,ArdUifioa 

Helftn, not exeeedlof (bur yean old— First prise. SSL. H 
Bettrldge. East Hsnnejr, snd BUter Medsl as bresdsr u - 
Todn, Adtbrton, LeDtvardlne (Touni Beeutv). Beoond o 
1IU..W. Groves, Walk Ullli, Bhrewsbarj. Third ariOI.,C 
Hunt, Wldemanfa, Hereford. 

Hereford Cows, ebove foqr rears old- — First prlie, i^-, aai 



Court, Dilwjl. 
(ChsTTT, had three oalves). Becood of 161., Hsfn- 
KusrmiinaHai]. A.N.Haod(BDparfa.hadBnultei). TUrd 
101.. J. S. Uraper. Thlngehill Orange, Hereford (Co■ill^ 

SBOBTHORNB. 

iiN]».-~{ And fix- BoDteh, Welsh, and Caula in BitrsSloc)i).~ 

Thomu ParkUuon, Heifreave-place. B'outfaweU, HottL 
William Sanday, Holme Plerrepont, Hens. 



Tring. 

Hall. Ajlw&rfT" 



W. de Capel] B 



rortiej, B 



K. de Rotfaschild, Bart.. AiUu CUnun. 
>Uar-Oen*r>L tb< Hon. A. K, Boodi T, 
, Kimboltoni snd B. L. Betli, Fhimi 

Cotlesmore. Oskhsm, Bntland.snd'aUTH' 
.0 Ifae Isle R. W. Baker, Colleumn. 
InnertoD, Wcddlncton Orore, Munnlan. 
, Tfaompseo. Anlalij. Ball. Bifhlrroa- 
iT Bpencer. Altbarpi and W. AldwDtib. 
d; J. Codling. Wbaplode. Bpaldlng; Sir 
a. Bart., Geddlnpon, Kattarln(; ud S. 

ling (bar yean old.— First prise, HI., snl 



Heifers, not eiceedic 
SlLvBa Cor. valne 101.. .... 

elsMaa," C. Swalsland, Crajford, Kent {Oakbad). wllh Sll'ir 
Hedal as breeder to LadiLnbbock.Hl^ Elma, Fanibaui(li, 
Kent, aecondor ISI.. R. BlrmtUa, Wall's Court, Blsplclwi, 
Brlilol (Luna). Third of 101., J. Faulkner, Bretby Fsm. 
Bnrlon-on-Trent |M1» Frime). 

Cdw>, sboie four yean old.^Flrst prise, KI., aad Silnr 
Medal as breeder. T. Matbsws, Mertuo, Tketford, NorioU 

., C. B. Abbott, Lot 



Bteertor Oien, not emeedlni three jean old..— First priH. 
MN., and SUver Medal as bnsder, J. Bbooamltb, Bsnrick, 
Lewa. Bacond or 101., W. Wood, Ifleld Conrt, Crawler. 

Bteers or OieD,sbove three jesrs old.- Fliatprlia. IN., ud 



Hnrstplerpolnt. Third at 



.. Wm. Bocting, WaatmesUu-i^Ke, 



LOHG-HORNB. 
eei* or Oien, of any ■(*.— First priae. IDL, i 
al BS breeder, B. H. Chapman, Upton. Nanealoi 
I.. W. T. Cox, Tha Hall. BpandoD, Derhy. 



i. Slajft'i'the breeder nnknoVny Beeand «f !«■. 
Allan Pollak, Liunany, Balllaaaloe. Qalway, BifUl m- 
mndtd: B.E.Bennett. HantonTruaHllBaU.auiby. Cm- 
T*mM.- The Duke of BaauTort, Badminton, and H, Frampteo, 
Bludford. 

HaUersorCon.ofanyage.- PIrvtprlae.lU., R. Bsiliwl, 

Theniey H(riine,Cllth<rae, Laacartar; Iha breeder uohuen- 

SCOTCH POLLED. 

Staars or Oxen, of anv an^Hrst prlxe. HI., W. H'CmibJi, 
Tlllyfour, Aberdeen ; aad bUiar Medal as bneder, J. Stiivkn. 
Conglaas, Keith Hall, Abenleu. Baeond of ItL, W.Ba<k. 
Lndham. Bifhlt «nn«HM.- J. aad W. Martin, Abardten. 
Thi cfoM veaeraUr ttmmniti. 



-cdbyGoogle 



THE FABHER'S HA0A2INB. 



BliAn orCon, al aa tf*-— Fint pri«i 1U-. ■ad Biln 



,.».! 



■t prlia, 1<M., CUn Bi 



H. Plui, Brjii-7-nandil, Biin|ar. Ckrnim 

"■ " -' IBJ »m.— Pint priM, IDl. 

B, Pcnbfek*. 
CBOBS OK UIXED-BBSD. 




,. Wartlej, Felal^tum, North 

ukd PoUod). Becmd of lU., J. Btcnrd, 
irn mod Abwdeen). _ _ 



ud etaontuni) 8«WDd «( IN., J. Tlnn^. Llttl* Elltaglum, 
loUbgnuita. Norfolk (Uncolo md Tarkibm). ^rd it 
m.. I. ud W. MutiD (Sbonhora lod Abardean). aigUi 
„ j^_. p_ K,^, pojhm, ChlehMter (Deion, Bunei, 



Smh FMbeRoa, Brldgevuer (unsmiaj ■nn ihit 
iHUHkliil.' J. ud W, UhIIh (Aberdisn ud Sbo 
EXTRA STOCK.— CATTLE. 
SOrv Usdit ud II. prlu, u Ihe Imm fluir 
" " ■ .-K. Bb-kb«k. Oslloa. B 

"HMtiuiioromi. 

- , , 3tUer -- '■—•- 

. -J.-C. W. Pa^e, JLP., F ■ ■ ~ 

Woa^ (Sbonborn). ff«*« ...___, 

IKuanb* Pvk iSlHinbani), Mid C. Dnfflald. MTohm Pirk 
lUgRboni). OHUimdBf: K. Eutwood, TktrtMT H«liM, 
Clukm* (Sootsb boniod); J. cUrdu, Lltttaborr, a«flMm 
WiUoi (BberUioni) t tbdor-Osiun] Hon. A. TS. Hood 
IDtna)i W. Smllb, Boattaenuij (Donn;. 
SHEEP. 



JCMB<Bd tbr Cotai 

OxibrdfUid 
MnhiU Buolar. Crvf 
Joliii B. PtallUpo.Baidli 

r rudi Spmcar , AlBu 1 
Wnbm.iMie nu-old {amuir [nniT-i 
IMh.iH., irLlh iUnr Medal u brwdar,! 
TXi., u " belt pm of Lonfwooli Id taj < 
FiUuBtK, Ofbfrtoa Ball, Workiop. 
<>*Jii«] Loirthw, Bvlertbc " 



-Ci 



Nawloi], Torkihln. 

« monlhi),— Flnt 
SiL(aa C<ir, laln* 



"SS;, 






(nDd*rt*nil;-thraanianUu),aich 



hl).-!(B 



) Manball. BmutoD, 



COTS WOLD B. 
Wnhin. OH rear old (oiider Ivanli 
p[<» inidad - not nincionl meiit. 
LIKCOLNS. 
Wetbm, ona »ar aH {dndsr twentT.thT«9 montha). 
pi".l«.,iDd BUm Medal u br«-~- " - — — " 
In. HgnUngdoB. itocond of IsJ., ' 
UawlB. TUidofsi., J. W/l«, Wi 

*tUKn, IH Taar old (oDdrr twtatj-thne moattuj.— Flcit 
t^,lW„uid sUtbi Madal ai broodar, P. Murlon, Bmoalh, 
wird (KcDtlah). Bwnad or 101., J, Newport, Elmned Court, 
**»»* (laniWi). 

EITBA STOCK.— LONG- WOOL. 
Uhtr MkIbI. ai tho beM L^ceater Welhar In i»tn itoek.— 
n> Rm, Cidonel Lowlher. BUnr H«dal, ae the be« Laleai- 
"rEnlnntraitook-^Jolm LjDa, Chnrob Fann, BtMilan. 
Bd>« MhIbI, ai bait Long-mxriled Btaoep (ddi LelMKar} In 
namoek.— T. PorUr, BuBton, Clraiio>«er (Cotnnld). 
■ODTHDOWK8. 
JnsB (and Ear HanpAlr* and Bhnpabira BbMp>— 
C BanMl. Chadbarj, ETcaham. 
J. B. Tuner, Ghjnslai Pann, BeaAnd, Lewea. 
Horj Wabb, Straatl/ Hall, WBl WIckham, Unton. 
■M«ii,oiia j«ir old (undar tirmtx-tbree moothi).— Plot 



aa braedar, and Siltd Cut, lalua 10 



aa "be« pan of ona jaar ol , , „ 

WUtddr* Dawna," Lord WlUiutiain, Marton Hall, Tbetftic^, 
KorlOlk. BacoDd of IW., Doka ofKlebnuBd. Thirdof" ' 
Eari of Badnor, Ooleahlll, m^worth. HigMf emu 

. T « , ■ — [too Booie, BUodJBrd. 

d (ludflr tvantj-thrae motitlu 



Blr T. B. L«iiiiird,Bart.,BaUna, 

Wathari, tao rean old (aboTs tiractir-iliroB and mder tblrtj- 
tbe Doka of RIobniDod. Secood of ID/,, Lord Waliliijtaam, 
The Earl ti Badnor. 

HAMPBHIBE OR WILTSHIRE DOWNS. 

W*llun,aHfaarold fandar tvantj'-tbcaa numtlu).— Pint 
Bba,KU., and SUiarUadalai breeder, W. B. Cannlni. Etttoa 
mil, Darliei. SocondoT IW,, W. P. Dennttt, ChllmaA, Balia- 
bBi7. Third «t SI., W. Klaf, New Hajvard, HnncvfiKd. 
Hi^t uniMiMfei.- K, Biuaell, Hortoo Elrb/, DartfOrd. 
SHROPSHIRE B. 

WMbm, on* rear old (imdar tventr-three monlha).-Plnt 
prlia. IN., and BUTar Medal ae bnedaF, H. Smith, BntUn 
MadiLHk, BhiOball. SaeoBd o( N., the Lord Wenlook, Bonrtud 
Cottage, Uuch Wanlock. Commt^dtd: The Earl of AjrlBaftvd, 
PacklngtoD Hell, Conotrj. 

Waltaara. tuo Tcan old (abora tmntj-threeaDd uaderthlrtr. 
' •— /irw prtie, IN., ud Sllier f--'-' --■- — '— 



Tbomi 



., The P 



idofU., 



Z. W. SIUm, J 



ot AJleiftitd, Faoklnftsn. Bigiat a 
lollud, Domblewn Hall, ETOihaiii. 

OXPORDSHIBE. 
Wathan one jttz old (nndar twenlr-threa montha) — Pint 
., A. Orarmaii, Gnnen, BnndoD, Norfiilk i aodSllTar 
breeder, H. W. Keaij, Bridaenorth. SaeoDd of Iti;, 
Addorbnr; Omuidi, Banbnrr. Third of M., 

WHITE-FACED UODNTAIN. 
Wethen or anr age.— Flnt prlie, IN., ud Bllfer Medal aa 
breeder. J. B. Doinilns, Holme Lacej, Reraftird (BToland). 
BeciHid of IW.. W. Bmlth, Soothamliar, Eietar {Biatoar). 
BLACK-FACED OR B PEC KLED- PACED MOUNT AIM. 
Wethan of anj >«.— Flnt prtn. lal., and Sllrar Medal aa 
hrawlar, R. Eaalwood, Thornaj Hotoa, WblleTlU, Clltheroa. 
Booond of 101., Jonathu Peel, KDOnlmera Manor, OUtlMm 
(Lonk). 

EXTRA STOCK.— SHOET WOOL. 



BUrar Medal ai beat duirt-waii11«l ahaep (not Boolhdown) Id 
eiDm nock, H. Smith, Batten Maddoak(Shr.pahlR). OiMf 
unnadSf.' W. K1d|( WUteUra Doira), Maddook (ShropAIra). 
CtmnHndii: W.B. CaDnlng (Hampahlra Down). 

LONCl AND BHOXT-WOoLLED CROSS-BRED. 

Wethan one j*mi old (nndar twaoiT-thrM maotlu).— Flnt 
prlH IN., *lib sllrer Medal aa breeder, and Sana Cur, tiIu 
MI., ai " bHt peo of ShropAIn, OifOrdaUra, or oroae-bredi. In 

■od SoDthdown). Baoond of 101., T.Jamee. .__ . 

Cople. Bedford (Waat CooniriDoWD and LaloeaUr). 
or U., Sir T.Barmt Leonard, Bart, Bclhsa ATala;, Bo 
(SouUidown and Cotiwgld). 

Welban ona jear old (ondsr twantj-thraa monthi). 
aheep not to eueed tWlt>e.UTe velght—FlmprUe, 10 
SUtar Med^ aa bnader, J Oiermao.B — ■■ — =-■ — " 
ler and Soulbdgwn). Bacsnd of Ol, 
Qnnse, Brlalol (Cotawold and Stuaai iMwn;. 

EXTRA STOCK.— CROSS-BRED SHBEP. 

surer Hadal aa the beat enea-bnd ahaep In axtn etc 
Oraimu [Leloeiler and BootbdownJ. 



r. Hatshar, Marlwood 



John Mood, Mariitow, Plnoouth. 
John Waten, Msteooib, EaatboonM, Soiaai. 
OP ANT BBEED. 
iieeedlns (Our montha old.— Pint prlie, IN., at 



a la «qe, uaaeia, i. ... 

ilog Hill (linpnifedMMMIaan)^ 

T. Crlap, Botlaj Abbajr, " 



N., W. M. Barber, Banning Hill (Imprnfed Ml 



■ored black BoSOlk), 



od^le 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 

Ttisuti«tMt.tn 



ObMUiflaU, Brstbj Hill, Biir4iHi<aa-Tnnt (Bntbj whiw). 
Third arM., H. O. HtHrn, Bni:i4sn«n,Wkk)um BUrkot(<PUll 
bUck aaniikj. BigUtumuitadid! t.l..Beai,tntUia lUll 
(noli irUtaJ. Oaammlti: J. Xjpra (Stnztoo white). 

figs tbon «l*ht ud not Bicstolng tweln monthi ol4— Flrrt 
pri«, IM; udBIUer Medil u bneder, O. B. UorUod, Abing- 
don, Bwkt [ChUlon ImpreTei). Simnd of 101.. J. Blgp, 
CubllnnDD, Lelghtoa Buiurd (Berluhlrel, Third of il., A. 
r.81>S,Kanin2 IIouM,Chiulhunt|iiniUYark«faln). i/itfUf 
• ■ - - ""---7»j (Imprond tlnoolnl- 






« ttrelvft ud undv si^hte^ 
irtbh SUTBrModrfMbree-'- 

, of pigt InAOJ of 

Bon. A, N. Hood (Wlndr--^ 

Abb«jt»iilllBlki. Third' , 

^.j. rni., r. ..^ of Cheaterfle.^ , j 

^QTHweLl House, Cbrlitchurch (tEA- 
proTAd HuuuUre). 

BUtst Ued^ *■ Uu belt pig In «Tti* Hack, B. G. Slsirn 
{BIUUM«ekBa(Mk). /fy«» comiMwiB*: Sli ~ " ' ' 

rt>v(Mldi 



»aj of theclufl«," M»)or'GqDOr»l the 
udwr). aeoani of 101., T. Criip, Butia/ 
rdofiI.,O.B.Morliod(ChUU>n^ II<sm 
niadid: Th« Coa " "" - -. — • ■ 



JnuU 



(Wladnr) \ W. M. B«t>v(>Ui'iU<*^- 



jwnl th» Bon. A. N, 



THE SMITHriELD CLUB SHOW. 

rMrsuoB iiiKOKDi OB TBI Dwrtiiiow OF rio». 

TO lai ooauaih or tsb iwiTaruu) ci.os, 

T Un to nport tbil. in loenduM vitk tlM rain of th« 

Clab, ui*unln>tioBhHb«amtd«DfUia lUUafttaiiUB- 

titioil al wch of tba pfi in Um unnl duMi, tot canpiriMO 

silk tbo ivtitWM at If*, ud I find that Iha piptluv^ia 

»tlM,4rt,4n.itS. tad Wa uuMdUuHeit**^ W 

in ■■■.. .1.111 Jill III lalulodUtttkodMtitiHofth* 



■«■ Id r«B 4Sa iaAnlv 4hM tb* anlDnli u* not al tbe i 
Blmt. Witk nfuonca to the pi< Mo. US, it •hmild bi 
ncnd tblt tbt uinul m aueh ueecdi tha ctrtiOed ige ■■ 
t* B*k« U wnifoit Hut ■ cluical wroi wu eom- 
nutud br ^ D>^t in tUlisg "f t^ eortilioau, ^ h« 




■otttbiibiw^IwoBldHifaiCtkotbiUM 

bu* Uo diM Im Bllond rnm uimaU lot Biandinjc t mosthi 
to ulaab «iA iiiiMiiliifl, 8 DOBihii ud Inrthci, thit tb* 
*laH not ■■■■tini .8 noBthi be dwnd to B nuwUu, ■!- 
Wing lbs Mbu nln'm to »«*ia h no« unoftd. 

lBij«U,t^tU pipwukr taut aoMbi it ii diOHit k 
didde » aBncMolj apon tlM d w Mi li ob n la OldW MiBkli, 
ud Imp lb Clab i> olwiji luUa M Mtcatta bains Bade 10 

MtoUioU. (SisMd) Jai. B. BnroxDi, 

Tataduij Iiuptetet- 
Jtriadbml BiOi, Dta. TU, IBM. 



wiA tha 



n« to mpm (k« naa ood*, ddainx tb* 

•fttaClabtadWlawa.bra'luAitovraandiBBa 

vill ID (Dtun ba ca(Dlitad. TbMa ««• laid bafbra Iha apMclal 

Knani nucdni, coanocd bi Iha parpoaa (u th« 12Dd Uay 
.1. and, Witt iha addition of oM aaandMaM, wan duly 
ntifiad, and bata thna btMoa tba (Dadamantal rala* M tba 
ClBb, and oDalUiaUa, awapl it • gaaaaal or ifoial »m»«^ 
aMini, on do* notioa bong giraa. ■ , . - 

The piiM ibtat far tha pii ml Jiow waa muad ; hat it 
liad daring fomai jaan ban oarafbUr aowidMaa hj 4iCavnit 
Priaa BhMt CamnuKMi bj «hkb U hi* bean prawied. that 
il n* not fooad to rtqnixa aoj p«at aUaiation*. T&e^CaoBcil. 
kD»»T*r, hmbaj dw ai lw ftw ii w of in 
prlaae, aapadall; IboM ' " "" 

Scotch hoinad catll*. 

Tbar bn* alaa dcaaad it adrinbla to 
tba ana to >UA ihtoP «<ta nttikto' " 
dau ondar St noalba iutud of IS 
inatabd ol U naa^ u fwi ' 

TMt alao lur* intndnaoj 
OnaaAnd *h*^, b]r whieh 
in anr oCber stHia "- 

Tha dlTiaioii aaaipeliif Ua tka lilTar aip* hnT* bano 
imaged a* foUo"* ; — 

A w1t*c enp, T*]n* £W, tor the bi« jn 
Cotivolda, lincoli*. Kantiib or other 



^adt^d duf *) ia aar of Dm ri aiiii 

In ordR In indnca gnatar coapatition aaong Iha bntcbB* 
ta bcoim* parehaMCi nt tba ihaa.tbaCoDiwil bara decided 
to dbr a laiar oip s( tha rain* ^ £10, in plaea of ■ ailror 
«adal aa fMnarlj, la tha batab«< who ihall parahaaa itock to 
tb* giaataalnwNuit ( and th>r tnut that tUa «il] b* govnllr 
aoont^ta to tboaa he whoa (hia aon^maat ii Intinded. 

Th* iltcratioD rf Iba daj fbr th« pritata n*» baa alao 
oecnpitd tha attention at tha Coandl, and, with the lOncnr- 
rsnce of tba Agrientbiral Hall OoapuiT, it hat bem dMaded 
toreTcrtiotb* Uoadajraf Ihaahowwaak for the Jndcu to 
wtathair award, aad to apaatbaiard far tepnnUnaw, 
andlhapdMieonlbtpapaeal e( Ifa aUlhag^ •* aoon af tot 
2 o'doch in tba atMmooa aa poariUa. 

In conaatoaaoa U tha alwT* ai 




OENEKAL MEETING OF TH 

SMITHFIELD CLUB. 
Tha W4«il7|Mwnl naatiagaftb* nanlwi wai hdi 
tMr«aiiw,atgaa«'<laA, atthoOSoaiirf thaClnb ia 
AgriealtarA Hall, and vaa wdl allidad. Tba eUr 
taiMi bj tba Frawlant, Lord Walitngham. 

Tba niautaa of tlie bat aiiting hating b<an raad bj 
•aoalaiir, Mr. B. *. BraBdialb OiUa, and nelnned, 
Mowiag nport of thaCoaodl waa laliiflltlad to tha Dwaii 

asroBT. 

Ika OoMMil bn« aud plaaaua In Ih!^ brfne tha gaa 
MWtiu at tba SfflUkUd CInb tbUi fint tmiiBal iwort m 
■ha MW mmHIiiiIiji t^ (ba Olsb. 

DoMt Iba pari laar Iha CauMU b«ia ImU aii NMlii 
wUch ban baan wdL alteadad, 

1»aMo«la(bafa«Mt]Fa(tha eUafpolat* m at 



^ „ _.jntm tba nunbar of iodgaa to 9*a iulead of 

thrae aal*, maJdag a tatal of Utwa jndgH. 

Tb* method of appointing Che Jndgaa ha* aba bean 
altand, tii., initaad of ai fDrmutj neh lUaud DOBinatiog 
a]ii(l|*,<acliBaBbar of Coaadl wai iaiilad to leod to tba 
Haomn Scoralaij * UM of gaalteaan wboa h* aigbt wi^ 



■elealad »ioia who ha*e adjadintad at tha praaaat ahow. 

Tha appaiatnant of itewird* hariag bean raitad in tba 
Coondl, thar hat* donuad it adriubla W elect tb* two a 
■tawardiolW itoEk wltboat deleing a 
parbnaat. to ai M rander thai Huataac* *i 
maj raqoir*. 

la addilioo to (he aaaal BUbec af ataaaria at Un ataafc. 
two lUwanb a( (ba in 



ra to raUara the Boaoiaij 
aaentarji Irtai tba cMncai won of reeeitiic tba Mtiiaa fM 
atoek and impbaanla, whioh teadared hi* attandaac* oaeaa- 
aarj during tha ahola of that portion of tba aotwaa iaaa^ 
diatalj pruadiflg the laat daj of entiT. in ocdor to open 
lettar*,&e., tbeiConntil bava pUoed ■ *■> af HI niBtsa at 
le dlipoaai ol the Honorai; Baoetaiy, wi^ power to appKBt 
1 Aaaiataut Baecatu?, aa^aot to U* dinrtuaa aod topcf 



anonndng to £I,S81 Ida. H. Ta tbi* ha* to b* iddad tb* 
aomof £]^(M»,whi>btb*Ag(iBnttaid Hril Ooauaaj kaa to 
PWfcrftatwiiBtihowt lo that ihiy fifldit ly mwjato 



id by Google 



THE FARUER'S MAGAZINE. 



(bltSMtetidC fdi a* piiM mnr kwudadud cDrmt 
iiiMWii ttm >iU bt n impli ■ baliun u to admit of ■ 
Kill hrtte imoWH la tha uaoant to b* offued in prim 
autrw. 

Tlu inmUd cuitd <f tbi CInb imoimli to ^3,fl91 U 
U.itoitiUndiulatboBiBMof Iha Trutaa ia tb* Tbna 
ja Cat, C«Dio&. nU iadndn £1,500 mplni of urnual 
aamt IiimM till •latad for eaimt eipaiuai. 

TtalcaeaKaialBallCaapuT hafa liWallj oaaitmettd 
■Utiood raomi tw the iu« of ths numbtn ud Uu oScm 
tf ttH aob, vitk dlntt Kou from tha luia bnijdinf. 
Unm idditkai lad imprarenuiti no donbt will proH ■ imM 



nintiiM tortbipiaant ShorhrnHbeeDinaiEauofur 
fbnMr gccuiD* — hi daabt cuuad bf tlu incnusd prim tliit 
but bca odand daiini thi lut fi> jniri biTiiig nor hid 
liiM.totik* tUtet. 

Vu Conadl rafitl to find Uut fot Vat lut few ymn lannl 
BUUlon hiTc (ulcd to md uimali tb«j had ututd, and 
il«i bin Btglcetad to gite notiee of tbtii inCtDtiou to «itb- 
In'ttoB; tbe eonieqiiHioi ii tbil •talltind penibtTO to ba 
paputd, tbu oompTiBf ipaea that mi^ adrailaciowl; bt 
Unded lasBg other viiinalii lad in tdditloa '- "-" ''^- 




ktimaifptaitabaadTiaabtt; and tlx; will alwqia b* btppy 
U recBT* aa; nfgaatioa (ram auj mmbtn wka mar do 
ttMi tba fmn toaddnv tha naia to tbe hoaorarj iacrataij, 
■to aiU base nab aoncianiaatinin bafora tlu imt CdbdbI 
■Mtiuf «Aac tbn an laodted. 

Bj wdaroT tha CauacH, 

(■igaad) B. T. Bumscstb Gisat, 

BoBomj BaoNlBiy. 
lad BiRHBxa aaid: Baton praciediB| to piopoM, in 
■oiiduM wilb the eonttitntioa of tba Club, a Praudant for 
fkijeu ISflS, ba wiabcd to eoDfiatokla the mMtiag upoolbc 
vaami utawaodation which tiuj tojojcd oo thtC occuiaii, 
■>■' bt Bigbt add Bpon tba adiuiable uranftauiti midc tot 
tW Uav, aad th« tncnaring piotptiitj tf the Club. Ht 
in piapilww a oaaw which ha thgnsbt 
tnrj aambtr of the Soeittj. Tbf 



to laodowDat who wa* noit amiablt, ar who 
M mm cndcaiad hinutlt to tba famun of tba BMf hbont- 
^Nd ia wUch ha landad ; addad to wbkh, bit loidAip wu 
• nuMliil uUbitoi otoaltla. He lacnUcd that tba atata at 
til lodA^'a haaltb had pitTcnltd lum &oo raBaiaingin Iht 
mstiTduincthiiwintactaaaon t bnt Inutad that bit health 
■mU mod ba rettoiad, and that tbef would bave tbe piai- 
Kx cf tauc bin pretlding otot tba CInb. Ua beued now 
It pofott that Bad Bptnou ihonld ba ehctad fitudant tat 

I«d TuDBaABiaid: Aftai what bad fidlan from Lord 
"oKtn, ba woald cantEDt hinualt with meielj wcoodiaK tba 
modtiaa. 

>■■ CaAinnaK, tftat tdutrrioi that be waa tun the name 
niM wbieh tbtr would (U haiTi 



loaa Bid tie hid anat pleautt in p laseiag Ihi i 
a o( tha Tiea-Fnddtnla. Ba deapir lamantad tl 
ttthallaiqaiaofHanllexi andkabtnadlo piopoi 



that Mr. Brandrath ihonld EQ tbe Tactiey wbiA bad that 
ariMD, Kr. Biandraa had been a number of Iha Clnb bt 

jmrt ; he wai formail j an effleitat Caiuelaif ; 



Mr. BiBDBit seoonded tba motion; and it wucuiiad 
Hr.Bni 



him would, i 
which ha h 
Club (che 



Whoi ha had nwed tbatrae^ ha 
to find that bit dubi waa to b« iodnded in Oi 
'iBiidenti to be tobmitled to tha Dietini, Ha 
ttindion wbich had jut been oonfsrad Opofl 
all tTBoti, Dot diainiib tht xeal and intnait 
■hown for ao many jaua In the caaaa of that 

1 of Lord Tbideqab, ateonded bj Mr. T. 



Fathb, the Ti 

Ki. C. BxENiTT laM 1 At one of tba tnuteet, he Mt aoma 
gratiHeation at beinR te-elaoted at a time when the (iinda of 
tbe tocietj ware in to SoniiibiDg a atata, that it wu not 
naoeuai; tor him aa a trutue to place anj terere rettiictioa 
on the iipendituie. It wai alao gnlifjic); to bayt to bear 
that there woold probaUj bt an increaae in tbe aniount al tlM 
priiea neit jear. 

Hr. Ohutham, sKei acknowledging the honou of hit 
reelection ti a tnxitee, laid ha could not help aiprening hit 
itirst at finding that tbej ware on thit occaiion foing to 
loie tome at the heal meinben of the Couocil (Hear, hear.} 
He hoped that before ncit fear tlitre would be id tltaralioa 
nude ia tbe coDttitntiou, which woald prcTcnl inch an aril 

The Chaiuian lud (he neat item on the agenda p^ai 
related to tbt Hoaortry Stcrattry. Ho waa iiue that wtt a 
matter on which there woold ba do dilUrenca of opinion (Hear, 
hear). 



of tlie Club {cheen}. 'Die Ulab bad long been lortonale in 
htTiog that genileman't aerTicai, and ha trotted that it would 
be tortDuto anongb long to retain tbem (cbeertj. 

Ilie Cbaimiah, in putbna the quiation, laid ha bad no 
donbt it wopid be aeconded oj all prttent and eaniad kj 
aeclamatioD (cheen). 

The motion wat then adopted. 

Ihe C HAi UIAH lald the Connoil bad pMfalad a Utt al aUI 
geDibmea whote niBaa were to ba ndiBitted to tba Beami 
in lien of the leien geotlemtn who latired, bj bellot, aad af 
Ur, Btnntlt, who bad lent in bit letigutiaB. That, irtule 
leren niiua oolj wen btUotlad oat, eichi auuaben liHaiy)* 
wosld hire to be elected. Anj aMmbei of tiio Clnb who did 
aatKff/nnal tha Hat ha WDuU read to thts ooald, o( eoara^ 
(Npeae anj other naiM. 

Tbe liat lelatnd U hr tha oaUa lord wat at faliowi i Mi. 
Ckailaa Hawar^ Ur. JnuBh atnttoa. Hr. John ni iibm. 
Ur. Uearj Snith, Ur. Robert OratMae, Ur. H. W. Keuq^ 
ill, John Ihompaoi^ and Ur. loteph P"'"""t 

Ut. BiAaMT btggcd to mtntiaa that Ur. John 0*irma^ 
hann( btea a ftaquant exhibitor at tba Sodetj'a ibowa, and 

bit name ahonld ba ooiittiBd from tha bonte-liit nil* prnpneej 
Ha (Ui. Beaila/) wo«ld take tbe liheity, Ihtnfoie, ot tif 
gertuig that tbe name of Ur. Jobs Bockler. of NoraantcB, 
LeieaaUiihue, ibanld ba nbttitntad toi that «f Hr.Joha 
Otermia. 

Ut.Woona ooniidered that the WBotr at Hailblk wu 
Tcr; badly leprtaented npon tba Coandl ; in hct, with Iht 
tieaptiaa of the Fnaident, it wat not reptteeolad at ^ 
(" Oh, oh," and Uoihter). Jnatice reonited that the i^rknt 
toriata and bieedut of Naifolk ihonld han at laatt two 
mambert on Iht Board. He bwged to propoaa, ttaarefbn, tha 
name of Ur. Bobtrt I^adfc of Oibam. 

Ur. Shwill ILbad had gnat plaaaun in wcondinf tha 



THE PARMER'S MAGAZINlf. 



BkumU, Mi. JohD Ckrdn (Chutmu of U* A«rieiillDnl 
HtU CoMpu j), Hi. J. Giblett {>. DircctM at tbit Canptwj}, 
Hi. W. I^d(, Mi. Bobctt Smitb, ud Mi. Shnttltmctk, ths 
nprfwaUtiiB of tha mpkoKnt mtker*. 

A Hbmbbk enqiuicd aluthct ttaa ntuiDf BoalMn of 
Connei] win s]igibl« [or n-a)«eUiHi m that occmuhi. kddin| 
lh*t it thCT vera not. all ha nnld m km U»t it WH ■ BWltCT 
rula oaght t« b* at 

It be halped. Wbtt 



» be ngntted, ud tbit t> 
iBthiij 



ooldi 



it it «u lOt ntithcMi; thtn u 



ud il it inriMd oat 
ba aebanga. 

Mi. Mooki uid bo itaonld bwt Uksd to mo tb« suna of 
Mr. JoHpli BtrittOB oo iba liat. and it wia bi who nwntioood 
kin, IhiQkiDg tbat tha nuiia of Ur. Bietuid Stnltoa might 
poMililj bo witbdrawii on thobdlot; bnt u Mr. Sicliird 
Btntlmi nmaiDed, b« ihiniLd like to >ea the una of Mi, 
Bncklqr lubablDtad. 

Hi. CoLMaM laid if Norfolk had naun to eompltia b*- 
cua* il had not (in> broodan on tbe Coandl. Iba Horaford 
bnedtra bad nuch Kraaitt moon, toe tbtj bad oat oml He 
would pionoM Mr. DockhuB, tka editor ol tba "HtiaToid 
Herd-book." 

Mr. CJaia SewcU R»d, Mi. Woodi, and Ciptun Tanner 
Otitt weie tben appointed KiuliDeeii, Bad retired toi tia 
pnipaH of eiiBiipiiig the biliot^peit. 

Tbe CBiiMUm tbea inqoiieo whalbcr mj auaibeT pre- 
Mat wiihed to bring aajrlhiag nodai thanotisa oF tha Coonci]. 

Mr. W. Smits, of Eiatar, aid he had enlarad a protatt 
■gainit tba itae^ sbieh had gained tbo lint piiae in thg Bi- 
nooi claw, oumbeiad 33B. Ttaef irer* laid to be niDnnCain 
abeop, hut h< would leaia it to the Suwardt to dtdde wbethai 
thaji ware w or not. 

Hr. DnCKRAM laid then vrat oiwnlqtol whieb ba withed 
to noitioa, nanaljr, the bieoitiof ^eai lor catllc All the 
uatiaBil acricoltaral McietiM had diBeroit dalai for com- 
neat9iigtBebr(ediDg}«ii. Tha Bath and Wiit ol Engliad 
SodMjbad the lit of Jnne, the Ro;al Afiirallaial Bocietj 
theltt of Jolf, theBiimiaghuiaad Midliad Conotiai Show 
tha lit of September, aDdlticBnitbBeld Club Ibe litolUf- 
eambei. H« itaou^bt it highlj deiuible thai tha Coaacila of 
thoia loeieliai ihould in lome waj airaage tbat the btetdiag 



(cheen ). He emld not baJp I 
«at Ibe proper dale ; bnt tbat 
tioa ol the Coaucil. The pm 
deied, 1BJ detrimental to the 
impatltiBa b; limiting tha n 



itdetiMlid 

BDgmetioD in the b<^ tbal 
tha ConndL 
Tha CHAlMtaH aiid 



th* iaunit ol the ■ 



1 1 it limited tba 
ill, and ihtretiMe 
telhnw ontthii 



the Coimdl. No di 



I whethti ibaj iboald altar tbair rale (or the 
ipg wbicb had apiang op siaee that Clnb waa 
but be naa certain t&at it tha Conneil conld 
[iruTemont ihi-j woald be happy to do ao. 



e adopted, i 



Idbeihe lalof Januair. 
I there being differaat 
partt of the kiDgdoin, 
tying a nniftmn year for 



qoeitiaa vi 

ettabliihed ; bni 
effeolauj' imiiiu 

Mr. DucsHAM 
aoggeated woulc 
month. The di 
hii anggRlion w 

If they all fell th 

WelghU and moasnrca for dilTa 
thejr tnait eqnallj fuel IhaL ot n 
tho breeding ofanimali. 

Mr, H. CoMiEt hegged to anggeat fbr the cansidentian 
of the Conneil tbat the membeia of the Clnh ahonid be per- 
mitted to be prcflent in the Hall during Ihe timewhen tha 
JDdgea were making thirir awariia (Hear, hear). That 
might ba laoktd upon now bb almast a principle. The; 
found it in the Rovil Agricultural Sooiely, at Biratiiighim , 
and almoat ereiywLere euepi at the Smithfield Clab. He 
thongbt thare wai nothing onreaaonaMe In Bnch t demand, 
paiticularl; when It waa oonaidered how Terj few phTilrgea 
the membera enjojed for (beir gniota a yen (Hear, hear). 
He would anggflst that Ihe Council abouU lake inla con- 
■Ideration whether anj haim or inconvenience waa likelj 



to aiiao from allawiag the mombsia ot tha Clnb to be pre> 
Bent while Ihe jaJgea were nlaking their awarda (cheeia). 

The CHiiBUuf obeerred that he coojd onl; aaj that oa 
that, ag on ererj other aubjeet, aoj auggeition wliich aaa 
made to the Ccuucil woulil raceire doe eonaiderition 
(Heal. hear), the matter had been alieadj talked aboat, 
bQl no [Ircisian haJ been cunia )o npoo il ; and he knew 
that I gri'Bt man; memben were deiironi that the qnea- 
tion should be iliscnued, aad decided b] the Conneil. 

Ml. Moore OBigeated that the Beirioia in Btlendauca oa 
the jirjoctpi! prize animala aliaiild leceiTO aome gratuity 
01 lewerd, eitiat in the form of mtnej— aij a eoTereign — 

The CfiiinutN Uiooghl that wai * matter which eonU 
not be in better handa than thuae of Mr. Moore, who waa 
himaelf a membet o( the Council. 

The ecmlineeia baring retnmed, reported the eleclioD 
of the foUowiDg eight gentlemen to BII the TBcaacies in 
the Council : Mr. CharlPB Howard, Mr Henrj Snitli, Mr. 
Robert Oiermau, Mr. H. W. Eearf, Mr. John TbompWD, 
Mr Joieph Robinion, Mr. John Buoklej, and Mr. Robeit 

On the motion ol Lord Bemera, aeconded bj Iiord Tre- 
degar, a Tole nf thanks waa glren to the Chairmao for pre- 

aiding; and, after a brief aokuowledgment fr.im Ihe noble 
lord, the meeting fepaialad. 



!MITH FIELD CLUB DINNER. 



aao^, on tha WedaeadaT araaiDg. at tba Fieeataaoa'a Hall. 
jArd Waliipgbaa, the Fmidenl, fol tbe ehair, beiac anp- 
poiled bj I^rd Bemen, Lord feTertham, Loid TndmgMz, 
and Bthen. The attendance waa wiatehedlji imall, Dnnbcnag 
in all a company but Hille OTii itlj, and the room piexnttac 
a melancholr apeelatle of half-BUed tablea. 

Attar thelicallh of Her Hajutj the Qneen hid hmn drunk 

The CaaiaHAN, in propoaing " Tha Health of the Priaea 
of Waka," Hid tbat hia Roya] HigbneiB waa a maBhar of the 
club, and bad viiited the ihow at lilington, in which be ap- 
pealed to Uka lery great iulereit. The Fiiaea waa Tcrr 
mni^ itmck by [be beanlf ol Ihe aBiualt, tad tha graodnr 
ol the hall, ai wall aa bj tba admirable anangcakanta vkiik 
had been made for the (bow; and tbej might Tcntdie to 
hope that hii Royal UiKhneia would tome daj beeane an 
eiblbitor (ebeen). All dtpaitmtotB of Ihe ihow the Friace 
eaTefallr eiamioid, paiticulirly Itaa peo of pig) which caiao 
from Windior, and be had not much doubt that hia Royal 
Ui|(hneiB would. Daw that ha had got au eitate of bia o>d, 
take a lerj li.elj iDtaiett in all egiieultnial ms'tera {Hear, 
beai). la propoiing" The Health of the Fiinca of Wale«"ha 
■lao liked Iba eompaoj to diink that of hia illnitrioaa coa- 
Bort the PriDCCai of Walei, and tbe mt of the royal fiuilj 

The neit toait waa " The Aimy. the Naff, end tbo VoIqd- 
teen;"CoIonBl Pane returKiDg ihiaha Tor tbe Am*, and 
Sir J. H. Maawell for tbe Nttj. 

The CHainuaH then aiid : Tba toatt I haTB now to pto- 
poia to you ia ■' Bueceis to Ihe Hmitbfield Clob ;" and inta- 
lealed ai 1 hare alwayi been in agrienlUrr. and haiing beca 
for mlny ynra i member of Uiat dab and an f ihibilor at ita 
ahowi, I feel no difficult; in rfcommendiag it to Toar notiea. 
Allow me then Id coogratalate yon upon the great and con- 
plela aoceeai of jonr ahow Ibii yrar. I andantanl that the 
anlriea haia been more numerooi Iban ninal, ud tbsttha 
beanly and quality ol the (uimali aie eoniideiid to be, upon 
tbe whole, fully np to an artrage. Tba laenaaad intcitat 
which continncf to be likeo by the public in tha pfoaecdiaga 
of tocieliea like tbii ii alio i luhject ot congratidation (Hear, 
heat). We hare had the honour of iaeei*ing BWj loyal and 
noble •iiitora, but what hai moit itrnek ne ia the grtat ialni 
of people ot all claaiea who an nihiag la behold and adniia 
our exhibitioaa (cbeen). Bniely Ihia ia a aiga that we aia 
making progreta in the right diiectioo, and &at the Sadth- 
Icld Clnb bna not retn^aded (Hear, bear]. We are now 
eoDilitotioa, and ua dnb ia goinaed bj 



I badj of ■ 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



73 



mr). Mo«,«i 



Inat tlitt : 

it I balian tbU it doat M, 
I pnt of it to which I would dsure to 
It Bu dctennistd OD tbs nmoddliaf 
(ToBiUn, udthitbyi coniidenbla majatily, th«( one- 
tkicd at Ike mtmbcn a( noncil ihould rtlin b)' rata- 
liia, ud tboold not bt digibli lor re-cI«ctioD for ttw 
■It t>D Jan. Of cooiiB, tk< Brtl jar il i* necvMuj ttait 
te Rlhiif ntnitKn itaould b* dnwn b; biUot ; but vhtB 
Ti did com* to tbe biUot it ilrock ma u aolodDutc, u I 
u me it mnit hn« don* nerron* pCMtut, thit tbi imta 
Ulotid Mt iliinld b* umc of th« tsi; bctt ud noal hMTdI 
■nbcn bI the 
iif u J putinili 

mU te nil (or tba dub to tauidir ■hetbir thii ijitcD ii 
EU; ta hiia be*D btaafldal to iu iitcmti. Tli< object of 
Ut unDiHicnt wi*, do doubt, to f Ite ■ popnlu cliinetii 
to th( eOBidl, ud t mj nod objact it wu ; neTtrlbeliu, if 
j<M vitbdnir llw ninn of mea wbo bira bean moit refalir 
M lUr ittinduee ud deroted tha p^teit itlentioo Co the 
tnaedtap of the elnb, end if Ton kfvp Iheai tor two ycarl 
oat dT nOn, it ii jail poauble thil at the tipirtiion of liiX 

C'ld joami;r not ba able to get them back igiin (Hear, 
'). t raadilf admit that it ii a gieaC adTanUge to h»B 
uinrmnof oe* Wood ; itill it if ■ liDgoIar dicDmitanca 
that loaa of the batt membaca of tha eooDdl bad the miifor- 

nd that (sueqiientlr tbe elnb hai b«a dai>ri'id. ti all 
•rati tertaeaaan, or Ihaiinlnable Hirieee (Hear, btat). I 
fj ibo iMiifioa tbat I undantind the clob h» beeoms n<y 
nit; M rich, indeed, tbtx it will be a maltai (or the tarioni 
toBiidacBtioa of tba csaBdl hoa the; ace Id iftai the 
aaanr Ibar poaaaaa (ebean and linfhtat) I bcliefe it it pro- 
r<an] to (ha latgar pniaiama ; Int wbateiet ii datanaiaed 
ipoa, il ii certainlr mj latiihEtDTT to find that the dab ii 
■ Bcb a BauriihinB amditieB (ebBoi], 

Tkt SKntarj then tead (ha anrdi of uItbi mpt to ino- 
OMfil nWbilon. 

Lord PiTBUHAM had bteo askad to propoia a tout which 
ha aaa nra thajr woold reeafe with the virmeat cordiilitj. 
II w 'Tba Health of ttadrnoUe Pmidcol, Lord Waliiui- 
im' (load ehcan). Hia oobla friend bad been to fortunite 
n to ahtiio tbe lilTec cup for the bait pea of Soathdowa 
■bitp; ud tha7 wcie well awan tbat that waa a depactntnt 
af the ibow ia which nwm formei oecaiiona be bed been 
a m a iffl Uj Mieceiafal (Hear, haai). SeTeral priiea bid been 
■nrdtd to hia on tba occaiion of the Ural meeting of the 
dab ID tbe Agrimltanl Htll ; and at ttair, the aoeoDd infcl- 
iB« there, hia BoUe friend had bad the bonoan of tbe ahow- 
rard literally abonnd opon hia head: indeed, hia «le- 
Witr in that dcpartOMBt bade fail to linl ibe feme of the late 
Dike of Richnond, the laaienied Jonat Webb, Mr. BigdiB, 
- - ■ . lilBn (cheer.). Tte, 

DBtelf of aynBullnral dialieaa ; 
vonid be tdmilted on all handi that their 
■oMf praidant waa a far twtin icpieecatatire, beth panonaUj 
>ad juaeticallf, of Bfriealtiual proaperitf (load eheen and 
lutUer]. 

ti* leaat wu drnak with tbiaa tiBoa three uid gnat ea- 

npreaaetatiTe of agri- 






m tblDka (si t 



I kindni 



Mith bad been dmsk. He confnaed he had taken the 
(nalat paitible iotentt in tbe pariicnlar clau in which he 
W i«w attaiDed tba hiKheat bonoan, bat he Derer eipeeted 
tobeaMe to lira) the lame of the laU Mr. Jonai Webb, nr 
rf,lhtD*kaorRkhBund,orofHi.Rigden. Hekaawbahid 
p> ■ cood SoA of ihaap, aod ha woald do hii bait to keep il 
■ aetata at patfectiBB, and eihibil ipedmeni of it at the 
•koaiotthc Bnitbltld Clab and the Kojal ARriBnlloral 
Raeietri bat tbeta ware qnick, kata, aod inlaUigant mcnwhB 
lenM do thnr beat to pall him down fraat tbe high poiitiBs 
haBs«held(laa|hler)i >H wssid, tbacefon, DOt be diup- 
paatad it ool; be did i>ot ratrofrada. Pride moat haia a fall 



•, and tba aaeaeia ha latt with at a locd ahow had 
■•■Ked Um to TOtme upon COapMitioB af 

•fUieBautkMdClab lad Ih* Beral AnI 

iBw.hav). Tbe DoUe lord eMdodadVpnpaiiaK 



hwlth ot Ur. John Oieiman, i« tbe winner of the ailin cup 
for the heat pan of uoai-bced laBg and ibort-woollad aheap. 

Ur. JOHH OvsauAK, in aeknowledging the tout, laid 
that that waa not the flrat time that be had sent itoek tn the 
yard. He had rcoantly niide np hia nlad lem to coma 
there again after that occaiioD, but hiTing -heard a hiat 
thrown ont that be eonid Dot win again he inteedcd to ti; 
once mora (Itnghler and cbeeta). 

Lord Bbrhbib piopoiad " Tba health bI the Preaideuti 
Elect for 1864 and 1809 reipeclivilj— Lord Tredigar and 
£trl Spencer." Lord Tredegar eaa, ha obemed, the Freti- 
deat of 1*0 agricultural aocietiea in tbceoantr^, and wai cdd- 
aidered the patron of aueh aoclitiri in hii own diilrlct; and 
few crer bad done mue to idianee the Kience and practice of 
agricollure in tbe cnnnt; ol Monmoulli. The PreaidcQt Elect 
for IBHS bDm t name which mait be d<Br to ererj member of 
tbit Societ;. Barl Spencer waa tbe ancceiHi ol one who for 
ntny jieiri preiidtd oter thnt Society with the (realeil ad- 
taatitte to it, and who did my mach towtrda railing the Clob 
from anill hegiontnft to iti preaeat adriDCtd alale ol proa- 
perity (cheeii). 

Lord TniDicta, in reepondiDg to the loait, lald he felt 
proud of hiiing been elecled PieaidtDt of (ha Club for the neit 
yeir, and, bowcTer he might be wanting in ahilily, ha cer- 
tainly woold Dot lick incliaition to promote itt intcreila. 

Mr. C. Btokes, in propoiiag " Tba Vice-PruideBta and 
Tmattei." eipreiwd hia graliacalion at the e'eciiou of Mr, 
Brandreth oo the pteilaua day to the oSee of Tin-Pmidca' 



1 performed the n 



ould hi 



^hbid 



ts the Viee-Preiidenta, gentrally, tlttaongb they were proud ot 
their umti, they would like to ire more of tbem prtient on 
an oecaaioD of that kind (Hear, heii). 

Lord Bkrhiib, in irknoaledginn the toail, eongiatnlated 
the company on Ihc preiiut poiition of the Clnb, rematkiog 
that an alttratiou bad been Duds in the mode of tleclicg the 
judgee which bad given aatialacli on, tbat the balance- iheit for 
Ibe year ei bib i ted a lurplns of £t,800, thattha cnlriea thii 

Eiir cicecded thoae of Itit, that the number of priaea had 
en iocretHd. and that tbey were able to increaae it alJl 
funber in another year (cheeTi). Poliliea aere not diaconed 
at thcae meetingt g but ha thought ha might aay, wilhaot io- 
Iriaging npon tbat role, that (a the object cf tbe Club and of 
tba Royal AgneiiUnral Sociity wai to prodace meat of the 
beet qnility at the lawett poeaihie price^-a work of gnat 
nstiooid importaace— toy leprewalttiODi they made on luch 
a auhjeet were intilled to tome weight (ebien). The 
farmara ol England bad, ha coniidered, e ju*t claim apou the 
Legiilatura for the repail of the mall-Ui ; and if tbey were 
anitad ai they ought to be, the aatiifactioo ol that claim 
could not lung be deferred (cheera). Another natter 
ot interctt waa that of iteam-plougbing— a luhject which 
bad baco coniideied thai day at an impoitait meeting 
■t St. Jamei'a HM. There the qncition at iiiue waa, 
conld it be done more economically and efllcienlly than hoiia- 
ploogbing? He hiDteli had had loma eiperienee in ateam 
coltiiation, and ha did Dot beiitate to lay that, if they would 
apply Ibe lama amount ot iBtelligtnce to (he aelccliou of im- 
luiied to the aoil. climate, and 



r tari 



at they bi 



ughl to bur upon 



reedin(Of itock and the maDi|eBient of their oopi.they 
conld cultiTtle the laud mote efficieutly and more BEcnoml- 
cally, and tbat at timea when it leuld be impotiible to carry 
on their operalioni by any other meaoa. He truatcd, Ibere- 
ton. they wcnld act thrir ihouldcri to the wheel, and eneon- 
rage iletm cnllnre to the best of their nbilitj (nbeere). 

The CuiTButN aaid it had been sojigiated that fameri 
ought to oombiue together to boy > tteen plonp^h for their 
joiat Die. The other day be waa in a ptritb in Scotland 
where there were three farmera, each ot whomhad atteam 
cultivator ot hit owe. It waa in the Eait Lotbiana— a rich 
diatrict, where farmera alwaya teciDcd to be TDry much in «d- 
Tlnea ot farmeri generllly. 

Ur. Ton pnpoaad " Tbe Jadgea," who, he had no hetita- 
tioii in aaying, had, amid all tbe dllSenltka wbidi tbey had 
to eneoBnter, done their duty (cheeit). Haling occupied 
that poaition himeelf sure than a bandied tiniei, be wall 
kjaw what a atrtng dlvoaitioB there eAan wu, !• 



.cdbyGoogle 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



qtaritn, lo Had holt; bat ra lluU duwIod tlnn did sot 
•ppMT la btm^etua tat diiutiifullMi. There wu oaa 
qantloB t« wbich ba TDnld noir britll; allude, beotiut be 
Mitnd it TtqaiNd to be TeDtilited— hi lUaded to the 

SHtioa of paUHjadglila. He bed elvtji bees u ■diocata 
It, lad hM bCM BtiUj iutrumenlel la It* beiu adapted 
bf the Bojal AgrieiiHtinl Bode^, end be hoped^i iliDDld 
liN to ae* it enaiplilM in tbit Club. The nea bnUdlpE wee 
■dmlnblr adapted for it, on account af tbe nlliriei i end Ibe 
■Utler Di(ht ba pa erruied tbit tba ]ud|ei wonid not be 
interhnd iiitb, in tba pcrloimtnca el thtir dntien, wbile 
oUien veie IwikiDg OB. He bad no idea o( aoTtliing of tbit 
kind beine dona in a cwnec (Bear, bau). lie mainuined 
that a Jodg* could make up bii mind jnit m nil in Sit or 
tea misutee ai in bilf-tn-bour, and bad the grealeit bofroi al 
tbe aie ef aojltiioc like tape or a two-foot rale (H»r, bni). 
Id CDQclniios, ba dtiirtd to dtiT itUiDtion to tbe ftllb(-oS 
in the ananil diDner. Some jt»n afo. aa niuj aa 300 [Cd- 
titmca aHtmbled roond Ibe tabin io tbd ronm, «htna* 
tbtn were not 60 Ibeo prcteuti end be would luggtat that, 
■> tbe diuDCt wu a tailare, it ma aDrUi eoniiderBlloe whc- 
tbet it onf|kl pot to be diMonlinned (Bear, bear, and iiprei- 
iiane of dieMUt). Well, he certaiulT Iboaghl Ibat wlien 
there veie onlj flO centleajen from ill Eugliud at tbe Hnni- 
Teriirj (cetiTiI of tbe Soitblcld Club, the dinnei miibl 
eafelrua sailed a Failnre, The onmber bad tor aame jait 

CI bean ipnwiag (ridualljr iaaUei, and lOEaetbing mual be 
a iu the matter. 

, in piopoaiDg " The Stewards," Ibe 
lea mnat be Telt b; all Itis ei- 
had tbo pleaanre of attcniling tbe 



Talne of irhoae aer 
hibitora, aaiil tte ha< 
■DDual dinner for n 



•D nblbilor, aod he abonid bsTe Ihoadbt that nolhiiifl 
could ba more pleasiog to luiceaBful eihibilors at aU 
ersiiti to altend there to reoeire l^e med&la and 
honourt awarded to Ihstn (□eu', bear). When Lord 
Speocarand the Dake orRichmoiid preiided atihediuner 
the room waa hardlj laige enoagb to contain those who at- 
tended i bniha waa aorrj to aa; that thai wai far from being 
the case ou that occaaion. Ferhtpa ibis cbange wai fully 
attributable lo that laiubtT poser— gteam. In former daja 
When a man iue»nl >o attend Ibc SmithBeld Club Show, be 
came to Loodon for the week, and returned hoioe lij coach 
Onaaturdaj; wbereaanowmanyfarmersoamenpforooedajf 
to lee tbe Show, and returned Ihe tiriL But that waa aot 
tbe ceae Kenerall; wilb tba exhibitors, or at all evenls ibe 
aaceCHfal eihibitora, and it waa a pour compliment on Ibeir 
part to the Smlihadd Club and Ihe noble lord who preiidcd 
not to altecd the dinner, aa peraons In their position did 
ftinnerly (cheore). He conld not, howerec, agree with Mr. 
Tarrlhat the annual dinner should be given up (Hear, 
hear). A> a practical farmer, he thanked Lord Bemera fur 
mentioning two otthreapracilcalaubjec la, morepiniuularlj 
one retatlng to lbs prodactlon ol meat, which now occupiad 
BO mnoh of the attention of the farmeia of thia country. It 
VIS well known that wheat did not now paj for growing, 
but that the production of beef and mutton did ; and this 
made it more than ever seeesaar; that thcj should select 
Iboae kinds or food which cima most within tbeir resch, 
being in fact the production of their own soil, to feed their 
catilS and sheep ( Ilvar, hear}. Be cerUinlj did feel that 
that was a snhject of great impottince ; and he tboaibt 
tbe ittentlan of the BritiBh firmer aaght lo be eipccially 
directed Is It at Ihoie annnal eihibliionB; for there tLei 
saw how pccullailj different hreecis of animals were aatted 

lefprence to tbe aoeation of feeding. He agreed wiili Lord 
Betnen, that if tbe farmera of England were of one mind 
with regardto themalt-tai, tbe legUktiue could not macb 
loDBBT retain it (ebeets). 

Mi. Ksart, in fsapondiag, said he thooght that whatcTer 
^gbt be laid with recud lo the non-attendance nf tba mem- 
bet* leoerallT en that occasion, thois who held as ofBdsl 
poMtiea had been gnllly of a dsRlictlon of dulf and a want 
0( dna reapact for tba Piegidenl bj abaentlnE tliemieWsa. 



. b aibh^ obserriaj tbst tba SlcwsrJi 

freall; Indttatel to that gentleBan for the aiosllant aimni*- 
— ta ef tJM prcMBt show. 

b* teiit hsrini been drank irith jiett ocriialitf, 



Hr. BuHDBiTB QiiBL in wipwtin, and W fb«a) 
himself latbai in a dilawda, Waoia the uw eonstltalia* «( 
tba Clnb had nade it neeciMiJ loi the Couaeil to pr«a«Bt • 
report to the mambers. It had natnnUj beeom* hu i»tj m 
Beoetarj to go oTtr all the chief potnta wMd •oold b« (A- 
bodled in a lapoil, and huwa fai pnpaiii( that ifM ba Bight 
ba fairlT aaid to bare cut lb* ftound bom aadti Us «w» ImV 
•nd tnhBTeniednpalllhsBSteiialsfroa whicbbeni^ haft 
spi^eB, It nnl; tnnaiiiad bt hiai, tbanfon, again lo t«twa 
fall beat and most aincn* thaaki, nad lo aanue than tknt sa 
loig ai bi> larncts conld be of aor Tllna to tba Clnb. tbq 
would always be plaeed hnutilr at its diflwaaL Ha e«B- 
dnded by propotinit "Ha AgrieuHural Hall CoBpaBf," 
ceupliDg tba toast wilh Iba name of Hr. John Qiblstt, «bo ha 
ssid might tia\j b« lapnied as the lonndar ef that cnapanr 

Mr> QisLiTT, in respondlnit, aoDOnntad for the a b asaaa at 
theChsirBSBOfUieAgricnltnralHillCainpBUyhynMalaowng 
that be was aa nnwell aa to be csnlned ta hii hoaaa, aad (ot 
thilofsaTcral ol the other Diieeton bj tbe dntica wbids thaf 
had to peifom is cDoaeeliaB with tba abow. Aa ta tea aiw 
oeu of Ihe uDdcrtaking which ba noiaaatod, it waa in n f laat 
degree owiag to tba lata laiseBlwl Joaaa Webb (H«r, Iwai). 
He could onlf aay nn b^alf of tba Cosapanr that it vnnld 
alwiya be tbeir pleasure snd dnlf to slad; tbe consaBiaBOS 
of the Bmilbdaid Club as f SI s* poaaible, the :interaata of tba 
two bodies being, in rsct,autnaL In conelnsioa, he aipnaaed 
bii isitrat that by tba scddenl of the ballnt the Chaiiaan nf 
tbe Acrieultutal Hall Campanj, Ur. John Clajdea, aw) the 
Vioe-Cbalmaa, Ur. Bhnttlewoilh, bad bnlh bsan lamoiad 
on tba prefiosa da; from the Council of tbe SmithAald CInba 
adding that he hoped the Clnb would ba again iwpnaaBtal 
by tboie pntlemen (chcera). 

Frolauor SiKOHDa piapoacd " The Fatbar of the Clnb, Mr. 
C. Tower, uf Weald Hall, Esaez"-* Icaat whioh was MMt 
heartily reoeiied. 

Sir J. H. UiiwiLL tbsn gnre " Uw Bofal Agncnltiutl 
SodetrofEnilandi neeaaa to iU nait ncatinji at Nawoaatk, 
and the hcallb of Lord FeTaribam, its Fniideat" ( load chaara). 

Lord FiTiRSiixM: QentlsBSD, the duly devoliea wpea 
me of offarisf my baat tbanka for tba toaat which haa baan 
proposed bj tbe boo. and gallant baroDat on nj left baa^ 
snd the coidial maanar in whtd yon bar* neairad it It ia 
to aa a KiniBe of einesre gratiScation to be able to infbra j«a 
Ibat after the meatiof in Haoonr-aqnam (his Bsomiag had 
doicd, a letter from Osnaral Kaollja was fctwarded lo Bj 
reaideaee, being addrtisad to ns as tka Piteldaat bf tba 
Royal Agricnllnral Saoiaty, wbiob iutiaated that bis Bofal 
HiiboBss tba Fiinos of Wues had graciously dedaind bis iih 
teutioa la baeoiM a Oonmoi of that Soeielj (land ohaais). 
Had tbit infaroatioe bean raeriTed in tiaa. the aaatiac 
would BO donbt hm nprassed its delight at th* pfoe p eat al 
baring bis B^al Highaaas earoUad aa a QonrMr. Dn- 
doobtadlj the tiil oppratanill will ba t^an ol alaetinf hia 
HdTbI Hiihaeaa to tutoffias, in aecsnUnea with hit on da> 
aire, and I hope that at no lUalant pariod be will hasMnr tba 
Royal Agijeultuial Society by bu pteaaoos at soma ol eat 
conntrr meetings. This laltar carlsialj arinata his Bayal 
Higbnses's gnat dasin to npbold atiicnltnie, aad tba deep 
inlaraat which ha (salt ia alt that cooeana it (ehasn). I be- 
licre il is admitted b^ all Ibat that Boeiatf has aoalbnaj graM 
bancit npoa the agncaltaie at this eoaatry, and that it ban 
eaniad oat the main object* eeetempbtad by it* fenndara. 
As reused* Ibe mealing nail year, we hope and expect that 
there will be a great gathering, both from EinltBd and Scot- 
land, and also fron nths parts of Ihe world. Tba aoeietr 
aow leekona, I belieie, a giaatae aniabet of meBbara than it 
haa dona at any fcnnar period, and ils procaediaga ereala 
unliaraal isleieet. Not oal^ haa it dbwily piomated tba 
inleraali ot Bgiicidnr*, but it ba* called into ailalena* many 
otiMrkindrad iaalitatioas daring tbe Isstqaarlaiat a caBMryj 
largo eonaty assoniatiaaa hare baaa farmed, many amallar 
socistiasaslablisbadisnnl districts, ai 

any dialiietiB the aoaatry which haa neti-_„ . . 

As lagaids the holding of lbs snnisl diiwsr nf ths nmithfiiM 
Club at ais time of Ua year I aattaialy bumI agiea with 
Mr, Tccf that it sheald be lia 



plaaaia thaaomBMii batlmnBtaey, as tba latall of t*~ 
psricttsa, that a Urge diaMi in tba snmmss ta this ball ia n 
thi«c which the monban of the Clnb vonld, in my i^nii:^ 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



|UlT.MV*frM(b>BUK). At >lllTHU,i(w<)M.NI 

H kin ■ diKMC k«« m Uu nnwtr, I Inirt it oUI b« ta coa- 
■oaonii ths icptil of the Bult-t«i (load and niUntod 
■kwiM)- l«t ■■ uld, Hut I bilini tbM tba Bwil Agii- 
nkiiiil BoQvtj hai. in i eUtiaa to cUbmi oF ueiatj vhich tta 
Dot duvctlj oHwcnwd in igncultarA— -beiBj; aa^ftged iu olhcf 
bnnclia ofKliiica, irt. oi arDlattion— nerdied Ttij eon- 
dfatbla bima U itlmalalliiK hibiti eflndtutrr.ptoaittjiig; 
■ml i»pi> n i»t, ladibavlii Ihs idnDtugN of ( Htfol 
mtk/miai ol tim» im—pt tbt papalMitn of Ik* eoMtij— 
( ftot W wiMtM iBrntuM ■■ itgirdi Ih* wclftn *■< 
IMrniliDrtb* dMIm. Tkn«, fintlaMa, iMiHItfn tM 
impotluet of wbtch it ii ilmHt iMpMnUe ta onniti ; tl»r 
km limid Iba fnonril* tbtnn of pocti, phlla«oph«(, ind 
phiLBUropif ti in all ijfvi- Tou will p«bi|ii, ia cooclufliant 
ptrait mt Id rownd joa hov dob of oar ovd poet* tan bua- 
tifulJf iUnttnled uid (ordUj d«aiitcd apm ilis inbJKt of 
tkinpnTaMMt ottlaB b IN foUgvlng [mkckkbi* lidti : 
" Tta iapaa of ttm ud ri>«n i* ths umi ; 
Botb ipctd thair jrancj with » mtlNi Kium : 
TIm lUeal pica *Uh whlik thqr «lal ratj 
Na Mallh caa bribe, no paret* ptmida to attj. 

iiiti 



iSJ<^ 



I oBMB ■■allawa bal^ at luL 

k naavbla auh is «wj part, 

> atrikw at loif th lh( miaint hurt. 

m flow iu nio ; whan atmnia abODud 
Ho* amilaa tbs land irilh Tirioua plaotj ciownad I 
Bat tiBM, vbieh ihoidd antiak thg baaaa ndnd, 
Msckctad, tana a wcarj waata bahlnd." 
Tbt tout of " Ttu Batriwn" waa Ifaen drank. If r, Qiblet; 



fa th* Babi daptalMl ttg iho OdltiTrttaa •/ 
nntlr (TCTjihiDg tbt; pndacaal (cbaan}, 
Wkataf ar Biigkl b« uid of iMaa aultinitea aad th* JopnTo- 



I Tutcd np ■ dill ot itilled labonrari 
j«i lupiriDt » inoae wbo ttose wtn tosmtTij iecn on firmi 
(Hear, bru). NaT thej found muj Ikrm lenaoti eoapO' 
lant Is take tbt plus of eoglnain asd wockaii of tBtricale 
BOBbinarr. TbIrtT jaan ago tba libaoilDit alMiat ia tha 
agikaHaril ditUteli thoaeht that tke iatiodaHiDa of ibiMh- 
int nutUaaa «ouU b« iijarioiu lo tktir iataratli. Ihna wal 
alaott an iaaartaatiOD in lb* aoHlbtn and ■«alk.«(*lHm 
Bonntict, ind bt raDtnbcMd tba bniklof of Baotaioti bt th* 

Hinh »k> k.^l'i;..,. „t .».1.1 ^.«.ll. .„J --_-: J XL- 



idcniutioa of penoni cn|agcd in thoia ditturbuoti fol 
r. No* an aDtiial; dlfflnnt fttllng praniled, and tha 
:n( clutn rrjuicad >t thaiBtrodacticnDftbeataatbiBCa. 
ig thit tbt; w<M an aiTaaUge lo tl 






Tba I 



afuRi 



agricnitucil Iibonrart wwa in a f . . . „ 

foimai jBiri. Tht d«e]lm(i of iboaa cliiiai had rtgcntly 
btcom* t tubjut ol much diicaiaioa. Ha did not hotilata lo 
aijr tbat tbii qucalion bad nniTtd tbs mmtnit nttMiUnn nn 
Ibtpoitol EDfliib laadlordtiD 



bad Btdfl repMHDlitiont wbiak did ni 
ttata of tht BOnntij in refatd to thta aalt 
that a grsal dial raiaaiaad to b« dooa i bn 
waa abroad, b* did not donbl that aa impioi 
bt liobl* in tka daallinn of tba labouri 
h«ii). 
Th* eowpanx brM* np aboni half-put ni 



TBB GREAT CHRISTMAS MARKET. 



LONDON, HoND&T, Dec. 14.— A remarlcBblj flne 
Kuon ta the prodnnUoii of Hn itook, a very high range 
in IhE Tilne of food, an abundant anpplj ot gnu, 
tormp), JK., in moat porta of the United Kmgdoni, and 
1 matinned iacreaae in the demand for butchers' meat, 
nolwithatanduig the amoant of diitreia which haa ao lonj; 
pmiiled in the oatton diitricta, combinod to produce cue 
ot ibe Aaeit ahowa of beasta for Cbhatnias eouaamptiau 
ia to-dij'i marhat almost Btbt witneaaed. Perhapa, in- 
dtd, we are juatiSed ia lajing that the anpply, bikeu 
MlleetiTcIj, waa nerer equFilled. Much hu been 
■aid at the value and importance of the now-citcnded 
•yiiaa of eroiaiu^, both In a productive and monctaiy 
point of licw. We freely admit thutjndieiaus cioisiug 
)U9 produced impartiat results to the conntrj genenillj ; 
umthtieai, we were much gratiSed to find the pure breeds 
a! the eoontry au well represented, becsuse we laa; still 
rilcnlile with safety upon parity and atamina for future 
biMdiiig purtnsea. From the large number exhibited we 
mij, in the llnrt place, refer to the Sborthorna aa a distinct 
trwd. They were certainly quite equal to all former 
tbdwi, both as regards aymmetry and quality. With 
lerr frw eiceptiona, this distinctive and important breed 
ibowtd signs ot great weight. Tbete were fewer " staggy" 
aaiaials amongst it than on lome prerious oceasioua, and 
tb prina realised for them were, in our opinion, highly 
nmnnentive. It will be perceived, therefore, that tba 
Shorthorns hare supported thejr'grest reputation aa won- 
IcrlU stock for general connuaptian, 

la dfalioR with the Dcrons, we find much to be satis- 
kdwith. They ware in somewhat greater force tlmn in 
the last two yean, and well auited for West-end consump- 
tion. Pariiapa the beat pcrtion of tha supply were 40 
^mth Darona, the prup erty of Ur. Senior, of Broughton 
Hqik, near Aylaabniy. The** ii"iin«i« weighed from 140 
I4 MO riooM eaeh— an unDiiiilly gnat Wright for Nortii 



Devons — and eirited the admiration of the moit eiperienced 
butchers. There were a few whot may ha termed mid- 
dling beasts fh>m the Weat of England ; but the anpply 
from that quarter, ai a whole, was ramarkahly flne. 

The show of Uerefards was unusually prima, and the 
number was rather on the increase, espeoially from our 
beat gniing diitricts. 

With Scots from Scotland the market waa well anppliad ; 
indeed, we may observe that this breed exhibited point* of 
great eiccllence. As nsnsl, Mr. M'Combie, of Tillylbar, 
was a moat important exUbitor. Thtt gentleman tbr- 
wsrdcd no less than SS pure Scots, via., ST to Meaan. 
Maidwell and Hoyland, and US to Heairs, Oiblett and 
Son. There were no young animals amongst them, and the 
whole fonnd bnyera at high qnotaUona. The Noriblh and 
SaffoUc homed and polled BeoU came to hand in aplendid 
condition, and were easily disposed of. 

Thara waa a good aprinhling of HmbIs from Sussex, In full 
average condition. Wa had hoped, from the appearano* 
of the ihow-yard, to see a larger number of yonng animals ; 
btit we fDnnd most of the ttock, though wondarfnlly ripe, 
not suited to flrat-cloas ooniumption. In our opinion, 
9nssex, though not what may be tarmad a great stock- 



the Beaats shown on this oooasion were six, seven, and 
eight yean old, and had avidently been Worked. 

There was a large and flne eqllection of Welsh mnti, 
when oomparad with aome pnvinna leaaona. It ia latis- 
bdtory to And this description of stock oomlng fbrwsrd 
more freely to meet nonsainptioa. Wa onrtelrei are at a 
losa to imagine upon what gronnds th* breeden hare 
partly abandoned lo important a breed, nnleai they find it 
more advantageous to adopt Uie croiaing ayMam, and 
thereby produce early raattirity. 

Tba atook from fiehnd prsMotod «o tcfm ft* if 



>,C,oog 



■mw. 
iQle 



76 



THB FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



c<miniait. As nauil, its qonlil/ waa but middling, and 
ulM progressed slowlf. 

Th« nomber of eroues conuderaUjr exceeded tU lbrm(.'r 
yean. Almost every coimty ia EngUad, bat more espe- 
ciallf Korfblli, SuSili;, and CaiabridgeBhire, wu wfU 
repTMCiited id tbli respect ; (rhilst at least tiio-thirda of 
the beat from Scotlaud were cross-breeds. The display 
was eerlaialy a woadcrfol one. Erca quality and Gac 
conditioa were the leading charaL'terislics ; Init, in our 
opinion, the most Taluable crosses were those between the 
Scot* and Shorthorns, which, in numeroua instances, 
resitted qnite as much money as the pure breeds. 

The followiog return shows the nomber of Beasts ex- 
hibited, and the prices realize'! for them, on the Great 
Days in the iast twenty-two yean ; — 



3 to 3 10 



1841 .. 


... 4.609 


laie .. 


... 4.541 


1B43 .. 


.. 4,510 


184* .. 


.. 6,713 


1845 .. 


... 6,329 


184S .. 


... 4,570 


1847 .. 


.. 4.282 


1848 „ 


.., 6,942 


1840 .. 


... 6,785 


1860 .. 


.. 6,841 


18B1 .. 


.. 6,103 


18B2 .. 


.. 8,271 


1853 .. 


.. 7.037 


1SB4 .. 




ISGG .. 




1866 .. 


-. fl.748 


1867 .. 


.. 6.866 


1S6S .. 


.. 6,424 


1859 .. 


,. 7.660 


1860 .. 


,. 7.880 


1861 .. 


.. 8,D40 


1862 .. 


,. 8,430 



S 8 (0 4 2 



6 



Mr. George Dickson had many large consigamenta of 
eieellent animals from Scotland. They were forwarded 
by MeHTS. Martin, Knowies. Wishart. Kidd, Loqgmore, 
Stodan, Beddle, Reid, Frost, lOitchell, and other eiten- 

Hr. Vorley had a very prime show of stock &om Scot- 
land, Norfolk, &c. 

Mr. Homai Martin's stand was well filled with fine 
Beasts, among which were three Shorthomed steen bred 
and fed by Mr. John Gamble, of Shouldham Thorpe, 
Norfolk. 

Beiidea (hose abon. referred to, Messrs. Giblett and Son 
bad on sale some remarkably prime Scots, forwarded by 
Mr. A. Mennie, of Aberdeenshire, sod other gnzien. 

At the stand of Messn. Morgan sndAUdsy we observed 
a noble collection of stock, chiefly from Norfolk. 

Various other salesmen had a fine show of Beasts, bat we 
must obserre that there were fewer heavy animals amongst 
it than in some fbimer yean. On the whole, however, the 
supply was remarkably even, considering the enormous 
uumW in the market. 

Hie eihihition of Sheep was extremely good as to 
quality, and the number was a bir average one. 

Messn. lintall and Son had some supetior Sheep. 
Hampshire Downs, the property of Mr. Paul, of the I Je 
of Wight. Other prime Sheep wen forwarded by Mr. 
Bates, of Harpanden, and Metin. Franks, Jones, Hoare, 
&e. Mr. John Wcall eihtbited some very prime Sheep 
from Hertlbrdshin and other counties. 

Mr. Charles Burrell had on ssle some splendid Hsmp- 
thiie Downs, from W. B. Canning, Esq., of Devizes ; Earl 
Darnley, Kent ; Lord Lucao, &c. 

Mr. Gurrier'B stand was well flfled with CoUwolds from 



the Hocks of Messrs. Hewer, Craddock, and others ; alsi 
with some very auperior Dutch Slie^. the produce of s 
tirst cross with a Cotswold nnl. 

Messra.Elandand Son, Mr. Woodward, and Mr.Hsncot) 
had an cxeellcot show from Lincolnshire and other comi- 
ties. The wnght of some of the animals was enormona. 

Mr. Dodd had some veiy good Hampshire Dowos. 
hehmging to Messrs. Wetheringlon, Righlon, Rta^liu: 
Hodges, Dodd, and Beesley. Mr. Mawer exhibited lhrE< 
superb Hampshire Downs. The aame number wa; 
shoim by Mr. Lathbury, from the flock ofMr. W. F 
Bennett, of Chilmark, near Salisbnry. 

Mr. B. Weall bed some very good Sheep &om varicui 
quarters. 

STATE or THE TRADE. 

llie supply of Beasts being unusually large, and dI 
remarkably even quality, the demand for neirl) 
all breeds was in a sluggish state. However, compared 
with Monday last, very little change took place in thf 
quotations. A few very superior Scots realized 5i. 2J. : 
but the general top figure for Beef was 5a. per 8lb«. 

Prime Downs and halt-breds moved olF steadily, al 
very fUl prices — the general top quotation being 6j. jwr 
Slbs. Olberwiae, the Mutton trade was heavy, at a de- 
cline of ad. per Bibs. 

Calves were in short supply. No quotsbte change toA 
place in prices ; but the Vol trade was heavy. 

In Pigs very little was passiiiK, on former terms. 

The arrivals from Lmcolnehire, Leicestershire, and 
Northamptonshire, including Warwickshire, amounted U 
about 2,500 sborthoms, crosses, Sa., fttim various psr1« 
of England, including Devonshire, 2,200 Devon*, Here- 
fords, runts, &c. ; from Norfolk, Suffolk, Essei, and C-jra- 
bridgcsbire, 1,600 Scots and crosses ; fimn Scollacd, 
1,800 Scots and crosses ; and from Ireland, 800 Dim 
and Heifen. 

There was a fair show of Spanish and Portu|rtic« 
Beasts. The supply from Ireland was only middling in 

Fu 8 Ibi- to tiak the oOal. 

s. d. ■. i. 

Coans and inhridr Beul* S 6 to S 10 

Second itualilj ditto 4 4 6 

Prime larseOien 4 8 10 

Prita* Btots, A«. 6 E 1 

Coaraa asd tnfeiior Bbaap 4 i I 

Second qoalit; ditto 4 8 5 2 

Prims eoaiBB-woalled ditto B 4 ( B 

Prioi Soutbdovo ditto S 10 < 

I«i|« ooarse Caliaa 4 it 

Ptine snail ditto 4 10 10 

lAin Hofa it i i 

Ntat small Poikm 4 4 4 8 

Suokthii; CalvM 15b. to 25i. ; and Qaarter«ld itait np 
lOi. to 26l each. 

COMPARISON OP THE GREAT DAYS. 

BTAf IHINT AHD CoVrSKIIOK 01 VBI BurPLIIB AHI 

Paioia or Pit Stock Eihibitid ihd Bold m Tuf | 

GBIIT MlTaOPOLITAM CATtI.1 MaB»1 OK WOWDIT, 
Die. IS, ISfll, AND THIS DAT, HoHDAT. SSO U, IBM- i 

Per 8 lbs. to sink tba offsl. ' 

DeclG, isei. D«.ll,tS6t| 

a. d. s. d. .. d. jd.1 

ma* aod inferior Bnst* ■ 4 to S S.... S ttnllt 

Seeond quaUtf do. SB 4 .... 4 4 • 

FrioelirgeOten 4 9 4 6.... 4 B S J 

FrimeBciU.Ae. 4 10 BO .... BO'* 

Coane and inferioi Shatp 8 8 4 0.,., 10*' 

Second quality do 4 2 4 8.... 4 B f * 

PriDsooarst-wooUnlda.. 4 10 6 4.... C * ' ! 

PrinaSwitlidowodo..... S 6 6 B .... B 10 6 " 

Larn eosni CUvM 10 4 1.... 4 * B 

Priaie sBall do 4 4 4 6.... 4 10 5 9 

UrgaUwB 8 4 S 10 .... 8 6 4 1 

Naat snsll Forktta 4 4 4.... 4 * < "I 

zcdbyGoOglc ■ I 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



BirFFun <M Bali Dm.U,1M& 

BmMi. MM .... 

BhMV M,90Q .... 



Dm. It, IStS. I 
... 10.370 
... H,29a 



SonuBa ov Bali 



77 

Dm. is, IBIl. Dm 17, 1800. 
.. MtO ijua 

.. 26jm 19,560 



THE SHITHPIELD WEEK. 

BT A lODMa HOBIOU lAMKSR. 



Hh mi Qo» mwiuDg in Loudon looked like « red wafer 
rtaek OD > ilieet of blown paper, bnt no uooer did we 
jmmKj into the eonntrj than we fonsd it wiu e bright 
■ivi t)e»itifiil day, with « pleuant and MssoD^tle white 
hut. However, we hare begnn at the wiong end of our 
tile, and mnat b^in at the beginning. 

Gettiiis np at Stb, aad aharing in cold water, and 
irinag throiigli a miiiUiig rain on a DBcember morning 
to ati± the np eiprtu, ii not over ptcaaant. And then, 
in London bf 10.30, what can an anxiona cilubiler do 
Im -iniidcT towarda the Great Agricoltiml Halt f where, 
of ceone, he arrirea limg prior to the time appointed for 
■inuKJon, hoping — rainl; hoping — that priTata judging 
Bij h»e the one advantage of greater diipatch. So we are 
tkae tarijr, bat not alone ; boS we bnddJe tavetlier like 
> k4 of ^j-going folk at the pit door of the theatre. 
Ihoe ii pUntj of time for reflection beyond wondering 
■ho hu won the tvro greAt cnpi ; and not earing to be 
^ijDoied too long at a time, we wander np and down that 
Imdr Baiftrd-(ti«et. We gueon the great roiuh stonea, 
the derp holea, and the thick mwa of mnd and dirt. We 
■n the mreyor of our parish, and we thought if our 
nadi kad been in thii state what a strong argmnent that 
■Hold have been at the' Norwich Janoarj Seasiou for 
taming oar Hnnditd into a Diitrict Board I 

The doors at length open, and there ia the naoil little 
hsbhuh, itmggle, and cmah. Once inside the Hall, all 
ii ptaie. We caat oar efcs amnndtbot (aat and splendid 
■tradqre, aod aak conteiaplatinglf whatever hann conld 
Knit from tbe jieaence of some two hundred members 
a[ the Smithfidd Club in those tpadoni galleriee ? We 

tot cTtB anoHiicioua d their pnaence. So we hope for 
hrttn thiiga before Chriatinaa 64. 

Hdv to the abow. It was a ffreal show if not a grand 
me. Ths Nifffcdk men, stimuUed b; having a Norfolk 
[nvdent, seoned inclined to outdo themselves, At any 
'■U, Ihej neeeeded in winning 3 cnpe out of E, 26 monej 
P>u>, a bort of medals, and anndnr " honot^able men- 
Iwu,"— more than they ever did before, and their 
^■al i a ecws ia certainly a triumph lor one county. 
^^ in proportion to llie Norfolk eutriea, great 
*u the nmnber of piiiea. Mr, Heath abowed only 
ini iBiiula and took 4 priies, 2 medali and the 
pnd cof. Mi. John Overman bad B entries, and 
■n 1 mp, 7 monn priica, S medals, and a high commen- 
utun. Hr. Wortley, with 3 beaats, guned S prizes— « 
DeU, ud waa oommended. Mr. M^thewa' only entry 
M ■ Anthom eow wa» Irst in her claas. Ur. Oliver and 
ft- MoDa. with their Noifclka. were both plaoed No. 
1- Tlie cidn Wortl^ showed a CToss-bred steer, and got 
> fnt plue ; ind U(t, hat not least, the noUe President, 
"rthSpoisDfSonthdov .... 

' nau^ hendea takij] 
ptttraod sjmmetrieal extra stock ewe. 
,^°^>& is not a breeding district, and yet, ont of some 
1! oiedera' medals that were won, more thia two-tfairds 
■RWWMd by the county. This demonatratc* that there 



is a little decent breeding stock in Norfolk, thou^ onr 
agrieollaral shows are by no means celdnated. Some 
people habitnally tnm op Uudr noses atall bt stock shows, 
and say any one can feed a bnllock. Let an outsider try 
if he lua a chanoe against such graiiera as Mr. Heath and 
Mr. Overman. It is neeeasary, of course, to get 
the light sort of atock to teed, but than it 
requires a ^eat deal of knowledge, a 
of care, siml, and pnaeverauee to ( 
successful eihibitiou. " ' 
mark the contini 

and consider well the vast amount of Arm ai 
tbn produce on a small bame, and yet pceaerve tbe animal 
in health and ke^its form in proper praportion. lliis ia 
no easy task. What thcae pme animals est, and what 
they drink, we don't know, and therefore cannot tell, bnt 
we don't believe all the tales that are told of sugar and 
treacle, and porter and new milk. 

The Bevons were good this year, sod the Hereford* 
very commendable, but the male Sborthoras, eapecially the 
young steers, were a sorry lot, and if the Birmingham 
Eold-medal oi was the beat in his class, this year has pro- 
duced no good btling among the male Shorthorns. The 
Susaez still go a-head, and if the breedera on the aly send 
to Devon for gualiiy, why dou't amne of tJie Devon men 
steal over to Sussex for titt F Thej had better do tktt 
than run to tbe sonth of their own eoun^, for the imprared 
Sussex are certainly better ibaped eattle than the 
South Devon. Our Nocfolks made up a small olass, bnt 
nevertheless contained two very good specjmeaa. Hr. 
Oliver's was s beautiful ox, and without wishing to be 
rude to tbe breeder and grsaier, if Mr. HsAth, Mr. 
Overman, or Hr. Wortley had bad this ox in hand, he 
might have been dnim out br the gold medal. We 
should have liked the Norfolk and Snfolk claas to have 
been mora nuiform : we hear that two proteata were 
lodged aninst two animals for not being ^niety bied- 
Had tbe Norfolk Agiicnltnral Society done its dnty and 
stuck to the true red sa their only colour, our bame-bred 
cattle would have long ago aasnmed a more onifonn and 
rafale cait of character. The Scots were a prime lot, 
especially the Highlanders, bnt the croas-bieda were hardly 
Dp to the eicelleuce of former years. 

The Lougwools were nowhere. How are the mighty 
folLen when tbe Cottirolda are pronounced nnwortby of a 
prise I It may be a cruel aot which withheld tbe prists 
and yet it may do good. Some few Olo'ster men wtn 
very wroth ; th^ declared that the only reaaon why the 
crack breeders did not exhibit &t wethers waa that there 
was such a demand for their ramt, that tht^ saved everf 
good male sheep they bred. This ia a legitimate exeosi^ 
eepedolly when we consider how many Cotsirold rams ne 
snnualtj sold, and what prices they make. Hr. Oreiman'a 
eroBB breeds were very good, quite up to the high naifc 
of the Bnmham sheep. But the Oilbrd Downs muat here 
been poor for a jnvamle outsider like Mr. Arthur Overman 
to mn afl' with tbe 9r*t priie. It ttrnck na that tb e Ox- 
ford Downs had thin lege and bed acng*. dArtt 
from which even the priie pen was not quite ftelt i bnt tke 

I. Cookie 



TUB PARHUL'S MAQAZIKB. 



mpslure it 
AlmhtOt 



All sloug we bftTC uid that the Merbin flock would one 
itj cot 1 duh unoDg the Soathdowns, &nd tliis jeai their 
meeeis hu been most signal, maloDg, lu they li&ie, n clean 
iwsep of all the prizei tbej ihowed for at Ysmta, at ll&m- 



ever uw a pen of Soathdowtu more lo our mind thin thou 
that won the cup tMi jar. They were wdl bred, and 
well ted, and KeU irimnieii too ; and it i priie Cor the heat 
trimmed sheep wis offered, we ahonld Mek the Herton 
shepherd bj long odds to win it. And what a beantifiillT 
moolded and prettj thing was the preddent'i extra itoek 
ewe I She vu only a two-tooth, and looked as if she 
might hsre been oue ont ot the ffoiMitw pri»e lot. We 
don't like these pretty dean to be spoDed Kit a fat (how ; 
and tbaogh this one was not sold, and may go back to 
Norfolk ai S flock ewe, she bai lost her best fear, and hat 
been so pampered and petted that she may not like the 
bleak climate, or the poor wiry grass of Herton Park. If 
we had our mind, no ewe sliotild compete in this class that 
had not had at least two kmbs, 

A Norfolk man heaTCs an enTiou sigh over the Smith- 
flcld pigs, and wonders why hit eonnty, with such good 
cattle and such dsoent sheep, should ^wsy s be snpptied 



cattle and such dsoent sheep, should always be supplied 
with tlie worst nigs that can be found in the British Isles I 
The show of the Smithfield Club was a great eacoesi ; 
the dinner was a total failnrc. Far more than three weajy 
hours did we sit in that classic Hall of the Freemasoni' 
TtYOa. It may be a great treat to gaze on four lire 



Lord*, • Booted BaroMt, ud n Onn HJ.i bitK 
tiiou^ that paying IBs. fbr the n^t, which evtMulf 
included a moderate dinner tmd a pint ef or^nin wiu^ 
was, a* things go, vetT dear. Not a word thitn uc lugh 
table reached us ; notJiing to as was audible bat the mws 
and the big sonorous notes of the toast-msster ; ud m 
had nothing arousing save the wonderful bodily contor- 
tions and erratic movements of one of the tpeaken at oai 
end of the room. We stole swsy from the dinner, sad 
nufaedolto the Society of Arts, and were in time to hear 
a discusiion, in which the chief speakers seined to da all 
they Gonld to discourage a system that had done k mmb 
to help them on the read to fortune. 

Hie meeUng of the Royal Agriealtaril Sode^ wm 
bettCT attended than oiual ; and snrely if the genoil 
members are ctct to hare any Toiee k ute faction of tki 
Conneil, thn* should be nprrinted at diat CSmitma 
meeting rather than in May. And, monorer, if lbs 
CouncU erer wish to h»<re full meetitigs of nnnbfti, it 
wotUd be well to giro a laign and earli^ publicity to tie 
day and honr of such meetingi. The gathering of tit 
Smithfield Club was of a modi more popnUr ehmcter; 
but the blessed ballot did all it could to black-biU ths 
most useful and energetic member* of the Council. 

The 3mith£eld week is no eiception to tbe bet wlx^ 
has become patent of late, that while ahows inerease sod 
Sonriah, annual meetings and dinnen are mors or 1m 
ahlrked. It seems to be the fiuhion of the day to tryaai 
edncale and calii^ten the masses through the tje, ntha 
than the ear; and «i fsimon are becoming fsshioDsUs 
they teem inclined to learn all they can in the Show-jsld^ 
bnt show litUe deairt to listen to the lordly qeechss ui 
high authoritiet of the pohlig dinuer-taUe, 



THE PRESENT ASPECT OP BRITISH AORICULTUBE. 



The Istoi^shlng eiMbltioa of fat stock at the Hetio- 
poUtan Christmss market muit eonrince erecy tntelllgant 
and inqniring tnmd thst sgricaiturs in this kingdom Is 
progresaingsadilaatoril^ The WDtId nanr witnflssed such 
a grind gathering of prime itoek, tDohaa ImmanH unmbeT 
of ■xtraordlniiy aaimils, HwellGlted for the ooniiunptioa 
of onrwonderfal mttropolia. The eihlbition well becomei 
the greatest city of the world, and teelifles Dtnst umniBtsk- 
obly that British agiiculture Is quite in keeping wilL, icd 
does hoDour to, <be greatest natioo Qpon tbe earth. How 
anCDaraglng to eierr promater of agricullnnd adraiiee- 
menl 1 How graUfying to BTeiJ loyer of his ooantiy 1 
How satlnfyingto ererTdoablingiaiiidl Oo ttarward,then, 
J* ruTsl workers, for jonc oountrj's good. Spread youi 
•odetir* still wider and widsr. Enli^ien your Deightmnr* 
farther and farther ; select the best atodc ; bread troa 
the beat uiimala ; Mten from tbe best aoarces ; me the 
best foods : adopt the beat management i do not flag in 
your exertions, and ancceas is certain. Few even oon- 
lemplaled aach a rapid increase. Twenty yean ago about 
4,000 head of eallle conitltuted a first olass ChTistmaa 
■how. The actual nntnber abown la the year I&il wia 
4,509, In 1843 It wa« 4,fi41, in 1843 it wai 4,910 ; and Uisie 
years exhibited ■ alight Increase upoD pteo^ing ansa. 

Aboat this time ihe eSirta of the Royal Agriaoltoral So- 
ciety of England and other kindred aoeietiei began greatly 
to influeuoe the aniealtural world. Etbit Intemgent far- 
mer became iC(|aMnted with otherbreedi than he hlmaelf or 
hia neiohboars pstroniied. Changes wen snon molied 
upon; impToTamanlsfaanbeoameganerali better nantge- 
menl aeon manifested Uaelf j earlio' uataiitj of animali 
vsa soon obtained ; qaloksr retnma lu animal eeonomy 
indDned more BXteniiiebraeding. Cloee attention wee my 
•oon glTsn to soil thsaoimal to thsloealityandclimttei 
beme great adiSDcea were made in diitricta hentofore 
conaideied unsnlted for osttle oi sheep. The whole agri- 

pnltunl pubUo haa become foUf aroused, and beDce the 



wondeifttl supply which it ha* piorided ta a nations 
Bobsistaneei fur be it remembered thst every couotiT 
market has been pretty neariy as proportionately loppliei 
■a the metropolitan market itself. 

It la well worthy of ubeerration that a gnat and gnduil 
inereaae has tiken place ttoio the »ery coninieneeioBnt of 
the Roysl Agncultaral Bodety'a meetinHS. 1 well recolkd 
the pablio eicitf ment when the report of Ihe Oxford mtel- 
ing vent the ronnil of the papen. No one erer dnsal 
that KaHtand coold prodoee sDoh apleadid ^"'""l" s* ■"* 
there eiliibited : they nete nut only to be seen to ba 
admired, but to be at once imitated, and ftota tbat period 
great efforts ksre been nn oeaaingly made in almost eruy 
dlatriol, not only to improTe andpropagtta the beet breeds 
already in being, bat also to fbnndond eatabliah new breeds 
both of oattle and sheep by jadieioas orsaiing and Khe- 
ttoD. This haa been •fieoted to a lary eonudanUa extent, 
and with immense btneflt; wo that is fast it boa not opij 
led to an increase of nnnit»n,'hal in surf rising nlative 
weights* Erery breed of animals now attauung abeader 
weight at an earlier S^e than fotmeily.wbioheiiableB the 
breeder to rear or the grazier to fhtten a rnnch greater num- 
ber annnalty than IwbrB then hnpronrnenb tocA plaeft 
These remarks Berra to show the sauM* of aaoh great 



exhibited in the Uetnpclitau Cbristnua Harkata ht lbs 

JBSt twenty years In extra prooli They are as tollowa : In 
M, 1813, and 1813 the storage number waa ifiiO; 
1844,6,713; 18J6, £.826: 1B46, 4,870; 1817, l;28a i 
1818, !I,94ai 1849, fl.76S ; 1B30, B,841 ; I8S1, e.lOS; 
]Bi3. 6,271; 1858, T,0S7 ; 18S1, 6,181; 18M, 7,(100- 
1806,6.746; 1307,6,8061 1B08, 6^34; 1809. 7,A»0! 
18flO,7,880( 1861,8,010; 1803,8,130; 1863, (Q.3Ti>-^a 
reality there were Il.iaB head of btcattle, bat tbe salts- 
msttwerg so pressed for room On theji' n^Medre itands 



TH£ F13U1££*8 lUlQfeBtM& 



n 



tut u « 



ntUlK 



linpply 



Bij ID toma nuunra be owing to tha rstcricud dai 
fcr nml io the ootton diiciicla. B« that as it maj, the 
qnuiitj ihown on Monda* laat, both of cattle uid aheap, 
tueedeil bj br all praMOng OluMaua Wartom. Kia 
night of me*t«MenarmDiii,aiiililaisollaatira valna eonld 
- -^ ■— .1 — fnv^wm SaahamukMnaAenrhalim 



ftam enhuieed prieca, Ikat vwarj ' 
M up tha stock at an esib age for muket. JLrli&ciil 
nob m BoppTied in antnd gnantlcj throTighant the 
I ria glB B. Cvcfld aumgMMnt ia «emomiriBB aoA eor 
HHi««ieM*Mi7feod<af Astern la ■amil. Naari 
■iVTTaot ■■ oleaaafl KodwitibT ttaa atoM; je>,<K^< 
to tmu WMgbt per aaia-^io little work for atoek-keepen' 
In tin! WSJ then impniTameata will for yaar^ or a 
bkMBiia Oma, praeaad. Bat this U only s BonioD iff 
atnacfseirt made in uifmdtitre : the naUa departn 



e in uifmdti 
» itili man 
wiaalitf «f pndaoa >o« jieUed b^ Ike anible 
a oar fatma far oiitati^n the gnsmg pardaD^ 



3t more p/oGtable. 

•IE qaiin«( a flaea — 

Ucnla^lieKioBi 



obtsanod bj Ihaaa artiBoiKl aida aad ealight«i 
lent. Fsllowi, as fsDowa, are tltogeiher discudrd, 
lecaiiH Vj the farther iM ol steim coItQre thej can ho 
tSteaMj kspt (Aean. The »dT»nrcfartrt atitiit mait cf 
cnlEore is grestcr and greater daily- Hwtj faimdrwis of 
ItaiEi cnhinUine implements are now enplujad. One 
fani has lopplica DpwBidi of three handred aeu ; aaother 
ba treads elo*el; en the horia af itafFlaw, and haa now 
<m hand ftit^ onlin te Iwae aerriDe. Other tna an 
■akiai like jroj-aWi ud all ^eak MCOwagiDilj. The 

put coat tbe only hindnoce. 

Tke preaent hTOnivUe aeason ^rea ahimdant eiidence 
rf the Mate of BrittA agitooliw*, and pnnes that with 
■dlihle iasaana prodigiei jklda will be fbrthooming. 
FaAain a laore proUlig baireat waa aertr eiperieaoed hj 
Uiii eoDDtij thaii tha last i nsr the grsio of flnrr qulitjr, 
FMilDta, too, are eqnsUj abondsnl, snd of fair quality ( 
ll» sntD mnpg in aome dialrlils slone being-defectire, In 
Mken BOIt ■alisfactoi7. The i^Rst fact ii this : Enr; 
•wnpR or eoWvator of tbe soU fass had inch a sad, aad 
F«k^ Mlatwj loMaa, la^ht him during the hat few 
jm, Ihtt ha sees hit onli obaace of luiceH is fraa 

le reqairemeDta of 

e ImpcDTBmoDt la adopted and prae- 
HM <ilk euMct eegnawii and mri] skill ; tiarj depsrt- 
■Mtoflsboorli moqakilMJjparfcmed i ererr orop Is 
mart untallj and proparlj pat in ; the laud more lihenllf 

Xad to recuTs il ; the crops sclestcd toi growth being 
beil character, and the incocieion arranged after Ihe 
Mat orjet and practice. The hanesllng of all crops ia 
■a* (Acted apon the beet arlndples, partiCDlsrlj in the 
'""«'>>■ ef not eropa : iheea are now tfaroogbaat the 
BiuiUj got op with great jndguent and cars, beiog snother 
pMlotlhahighT^oe pat upon raolcaltnre. All these 
WleiMttera show the bent of the •grlooltural mind, and 
J»ol«prDgr«),uniTe™«l progrcsa. The Bgiieellaral pi«n 
Ml s.ie hsd aineh to do id pnnDotlnf ikis onward eoone. 
^■•^ si« Ter; tnaj ; kaowledge ia inareMsng— It ia 
Wblnndgood, In a word, fanners hare onlj their own 
aiiKrj, JDdgmcDt, and talent to tnut to. 



BATH AND WEST OP ENGLAND 
80CIBTT. 

Th( monthlj meetiiig of the Conndl of this body was held 
JTsuntan. Preaent—Earl Forleaona (in the chaitt,8ir J. 
I. a Ihckaorth. Ban., Colonels Aeland and Manaal, Rer. 
r rhiUpotta, Drs. OiUetland Seotl, Msiars. Bash, Dinner, 

Wi Fnniii, ^7, JmmImd &»;, ^ueoek, Huiear, 



I^ngdon, Foole, WiUlama, Mania (searetur), Qoodwia 
(editor), £a. 

A cap; of the SouetT'a Jonmil [roL li. p, 3) waa laid on 
the table, and it wis snnoanoed that in tha coana of ■ tew 
dajs it wonid be reoeired by sll memben whose aabiortp- 
Uons'KC not tn imaf. 

The spedsl oammiltea Invngbt 



Ttie spedsl oammiltea iHvnRlit up a report on the sob- 
Ject at the admiasion of school ohildren to the Sooiatt'a 

SDDDal aliawB. They reconimended that tbey shonld be 
mdmitted befbre ten o'clock ia the moming, at SB. each, 
when in sompanies of not less than twenty each Mtended 
by slestAea, radthatttMyabaaldbe required to lea*e d» 
yard belne one o'sleafe in the day, ao as not to interhra 
with the ooDTenienoe of aihibitors snd itsilon. The re- 
port was approved of, and the oomn}ittec were sntboriied to 
adopt aoeh meaanrei as they thongbt proper for the cmj' 
tnB aalofOepnrpoari reoommsndaticnn. 

Doo Saow, — Tha fhrther considersliao of tbe pit^iiie^ 
of holding a dog show as an sdjnnot to the annnal meot- 
tnga ef tke Sooiety, waa b; a miimmoiu Tot« deftored 



B&LR or 7AT 8T0C1E IN WIIfBSm P&HK.— Ite 
■ala e( her HsfeatyS Sooloh aM,M ia *e t^ dawaf 
Wiadsor Ona« fuk, vtm the ■aat^eMaat of Mr. G. 
Oiaralt, en beao-ntal, cake, and hw, took ^aee nadat 
the hammer o( Msaan. Buckland and Boot, at Windat*. 
Tbe beasts wort in tt« fincit conditieB.St of tham rising ini 
yean oM aiatBgiag arar £27 mA, a piiot nvA kiglitr IKm 



DUKB OF BEDFORD'S ANNUAL FAT STOCK 
SALE.— lliia lants annnal Ikl aale took place at 
~ " "" iTwobnm, B«d»i Mr, Robert Fntie 
■ ■ • "■ ■'- boko 



the Park FanoT' 



hdnft agUn apnolnled by Hi* Onoe tte bake 
ef BaUard to dtimte of w &c Benfeid, Dareb, 
HiahlaBd, Mtd em m bni om and naMoi luUiin. 
830 falDawn •«•, balMnd, a' " ' 



from the metropolis, and the prleea made were eonridend 
to be retr high. Tha sheep realised £UM9l ; 4taait% 
£1,»7S; Piga, £173 Ite.; Total, £i.m 13k ArMCa 
fortbe«,^l0a.7d.iditto.bnlloeka,£'2Sa«.7d. Sbaep: 
Shropihira Down iheariitur wathen nude from £i 10s. to 
£3 iGa. euh, tfare».Tear.<3d Scotch wether* £3 to £3 10a., 
haltbrad shearling wetfaen £3 lOa. to £3 ISa. 4-nnth 
orsw-btwl wethari £4 lOa. to £i 131. Cattlt: fleiehrd 
beilbrs turn £24 te £37 aaeh, dJttouan £3T to £39, Denn 
oian£30W£31 10*., Seatch onn £31 to ie38,afew leanh- 
ing £29 to £IOt Uetan oxen £30 to £34, Hereford ozan 
£34 to £40, eitn ditto £40 to £47 lOe, 

SALE OF SIR ANTHONY ROTHSCHILD'S FAT 
STOCK, St the Uodel Farm, Aston Clinton.— The sheep 
were first offend for competition, snd the 100 faKMoDthed 
tat welheta realized £i^ Ts. Od., areiaging £3 Ss, each. 
The thiriT Ihl beaale, Inohading lome Hne Scota, mids 
£1,130 10*., aranging £8T 12*. Ad. per head; siiofthMn 
leallned the enonooas aam o( £338, and it was oompnted 
that many of the beasts sold at tbe rale of Ta. a stone, or 
loid. per poand. Twenly-nine portets, whleh were of fine 
qa>Uly,made£llBlta.ed.,anT*glng«4e«b. Thalu^aat 
bnyerwoa Mr, Bboplandi of Knightabiidge, London; and the 
other prladpal buyers were Mr. Sister, Ksnaioalon, Lon- 
don; Mr, Cowell.Enlghtsbridge, Loudon; Mr. R. Wright, 
Aston Clinton i Mr. Cniwley, Lnton; Utd Hr, Qtotte 
Wright. 

CoLUT Fabx, Nxwpout, Salop.— The ttsnit tile ol &t 
Btook, tbe property of Sir T. F. F. Boiufaey, Bart., took 
plaoe on Monday, Deo. T. Tha aatlle (wbioh were tery cholse 
and ripe, bnt not so Urge as usual) told welL the srersga 
price tor the liity-two head being £-:( lOt. Tit abeep snd 
plga else IMohe4 sdrtndng ptiee*. Uatt^ of tht trade 
remarked that there nerer waa a belter sale s; Colej. The 
totil amount raalited by Meaais. Holland and S<i,i, f)^^ 



{taelionvan, ia aboqt ^o bonra, wtl newly £3,00'j. ' 



THE PARMER'S MAGAZrNE. 



THE METEOROLOOT OF DECEMBER. 



The lut four days of Norember contiDued Sue, 
the barometer showing a tendeacy to decrease, 
although (lowly j whilst the wind blew gently from 
the £^ or S.K. The mean temperature on the 
37tb was in excess of the average value to the 
amount of 4°, whilst the other three days of the 
mouth were in defect to tlie mean amount of 4°, 
the absolute deficiency on the 30th amounting 
to6J°. 

On the 1st of December the barometer began to 
fall very rapidly, reached 2S.46 inches by night, 
and the minimum value of 2S.a4 inches on the 
morning of the 2nd, indicating by its rapid decline 
an impending f{&le. The wind commenced blowing 
with great and sudden force after 3 p.m., and soon 
reached s pressure of lOlba. About 3 p.m. a 
great gust of 22tlbB. was registered, and the wind 
continued blowing with grrat force till 3} p.m., 
generally between lulbs. and ISlhs. The barome- 
tric column was meanwhile rising rapidly ; by 9i 
p.m. the reading 2S.3S inches was reached, and it 
remained at this value till 11 p.m., then again 
turned to decrease rapidly, presaging a recom- 
mencement of the gale. Bv 7 a.m. on the 3rd, a 
minimum value of 28.80 inches was again reached, 
and soon after, whilst the barometer was stUl at its 
lowest value, the maximum force of the gale was 
reached, namely, 2 libs, on the aanare foot. The 
wind also slightly changed its direction at the 
same time from S.W, to W,, and continued to 



and 12lbs. During the remainder of the day the 
barometer rose steadily, and at times rapidly, reach- 
ing 29.1 inches by noon, 39.4 inches hy6p.ro., 
29.8 inches by midnight, and by noon on the 4th 
day it reached 30.22 inches (a maximum value). 
Thus, an increase of 1.42 inches took place within 
28 hours, or at an average rate of increaie of 0.05 
inch per hour, whilst during several hours the rate 
of increase was still greater, amounting to 0.08 
inch. The rapid moUon of the air tended to pro- 
duce greater atmospheric dryness, and we find 
therefore that the degree of humidity, which had 
previously exceeded 90, decreased on the 3rd to 66, 
and was not much greater on the 4th, when it 
was 7s. ' 

The temperature was generally high on the 
four first day* of December, although not eicei- 
aively so, the mean temperature values for those 
days exceeding their averages by the mean amount 
of 1 1°. Rain fall in squalls also during the gales 
of the 3nd and 3rd, to the collective amount of 
three-quarters of an inch. 

From the 5th to the 16th a very warm period 
ensued, daring which the average excess of mean 
teraperatuie values amounted to no less tiian Sf, 
whiut on the I2th the excess was I0i°, and on 



the Sth, 7th, Bth, 9th, and nth daya the amoDDK 
of excess varied between 7* and 8°. During Uiii 
period the atmosphere was somewhat damp, and 
clouds were genenlly prevalent. 

The barometer decreased to a minimum vilos 
on the IGth of 39.6 inches, and then increased 
rapidly to 30.34 inchea by the 18th ; the wind 
meantime changing to N. The effect of this 
change in direction of the wind waa to prodnce 
for a short time colder weather, and the mean tem- 
perature for the I3th fell below its average to the 
amount of 3°. But with a faUing banmteter the 
wind returned to the W., and warm weather again 
enined, which continued till the end of our period, 
and tbs amounts of excess above the average rslaei 
were as followa: on the 26th, 11°, 34th and 25lh 
nearly 8°, and the 21st, S° ; of the other days, 
the 20th, 23rd, and 37tb, exceeded their averagei 
by small amonnta, whilst the 33nd fell below iti 
average, likewise by a small amount. The27t1i 
day was very dry, the degree of humidity amount- 
ing only to 63°, 

By examining the tables of results the following 
facts are easily deduced, namely, that the highsH 
barometer reading occurred on the 18th of Decem- 
ber, and was 30.34 inches ; the lowest was 98.80 
inchea, on the 3rd, giving a range for the month of 
1,S4 inches. The highest lemperature in theibide 
was S4.3° on the 3rd, and the lowest 26.5° on 
the 33rd ; making a range of 27. 7°' f^' 
highest reading in the rays of the sun was 78.2° 
on the 28ih of November : the^oweit on the gran 
was 16.2° on the 23rd of December. The 
dampest days in the month were the lit and the 
31sl: the dryest days in the month were the 3rd 
andS7tb. The total amount of rain collected from 
the 27th of November to the 27th of December wM 
O.go inch — an extremely small amount. TheDiua- 
ber of days on which a measurable amount of rsia 
fell only amounted to six days. The past moDlhi 
therefore, has been marked by the following cha- 
racteristics : firstly, by excessive warmth throogb- 
out; secondly, for undue prevalence of S.W. and 
W. winds ; and, thirdly, for an exceisively imsll 
quantity of rain. With reference to the temMi*- 
ture, it may be remarked thatthe mean for tlieSI 
days exceeded the average for the same period by 
no less an amount than 3j° ; and with regard to 
the greater prevalence of S.W. and W. winds, it 
will be seen by referring to the tables that they 
prevailed mt least daring three-fourths of the 
month. 

llie past month haa, therefore, been generally 
favourable to the progress of agricultural opeia- 
tions; and fortunately so too, as there nowap* 
pears every probability of a speedy change u 



„ Google 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 
M£TEOROU>GICAL ELEMENTS FOR THE NEIGHBOURHOOD OP LONDON; 

FROM NOVEMBER aTiH, TO DECEMBER 3Jth, 1863. 



Not.j; 


50.0 


40.3 


45.6 


64.7 


33.0 


91 


8.0 





.00 


S.E. 




2b 


46.5 


35.7 


41.0 


78.3 


32.9 


86 


3.3 




00 


B.E. 


Few cloudB ; fine 


n 


♦6.6 


31.8 


36.8 


63.0 


23.6 


91 


1.7 




00 


B.B., B 


DeuM fog nwrning: fine 
ftflem. Bud evn. ; b. frost 


30 


42.0 


32.3 


33.4 


55.0 


17.7 


91 


2.3 


c 


00 


B., N.B. 


Fine, fev clouds ; hoar frost 


D«. 1 


Sl.7 


30.2 


43.7 


52.0 


33.B 


95 


10 





04 


SB., B.W. 


Overcast ; tbin rain 




61.3 


38.S 


45.4 


S8.D 


33.0 


93 


7.5 





04 


S.W.pN.W 


Ovrcrt. i cl, nt. ; gala & rain 




54.3 


35.9 


42.6 


67.6 


25.2 


66 


3.5 




.30 


S.W.,(JW 


RainifiDe,K>]>> 




46.0 


33.7 


41.4 


63.0 


36.4 


78 


5.0 




00 




Fine morng. ; cloudy emg. 




S3.0 


44.9 


49.3 


74.8 


40.0 


84 


10.0 





01 




OrercBit; a litOe raio 




47.0 


38.3 


42.4 


66.0 


39.0 


82 


2.0 





04 




Pattially cloudy ; haze 




51.1 


40.7 


47.7 


55.5 


34.2 


83 


7-5 




00 




Fine mora. ; then cloudy 




50.6 


44.8 


48.1 


66.6 


40,0 


77 


10.0 





00 


8.W. 


Overcast; thin rain 




63.1 


43.9 


47.7 


63.6 


42.7 


93 


10.0 





08 




Ditto; gloomy after. ; rain 




48.2 


34.8 


42.9 


70.0 


36.3 


86 


4.6 





00 




Tine ; generally clear 




50.8 


43.9 


48.0 


53.0 


40.3 


85 


10.0 





00 


W.6.W. 


0»ercast 




63.5 


47.7 


50.4 


60.1 


43.0 


86 


4.0 





00 


W.B.W. 


Fine; few clouds j bate 




49.x 


36.6 


43.0 


53.3 


27.3 


86 


3.0 





00 


N.W.,B.W. 


Fine ; hw olouds. 




49.9 


36.3 


42.9 


63.3 


38.9 


91 


0.3 





00 




Generally cloudleaa 




47.5 


37.7 




48.6 


37.3 


92 


10.0 





00 








50.3 


38.7 


44.0 


68.7 


36.0 


78 


6.3 





00 




Partially cloudy 
^Bnerelly cloudy 




45.2 


36.5 


42.1 


51.3 


29.4 


73 


lO.O 





00 






41.3 


33.2 


36.9 


57.0 


26.6 


83 


5.5 





00 


N..N.N.W. 


i^lns, few clonds ; overcBtt 




48.3 


35.0 


43.6 


54.5 


30.3 


92 


7.5 





00 


W.8.W.,W 


PartiaUy cloudy 


20 


43.0 


36.5 


40.7 


45.3 


30.5 


84 


8.3 





00 


W. 


Partially cloudy 


31 


48.8 


37.7 


43.4 


57.2 


32.1 


95 


10.0 





00 


w. 


Owwaat i a little thin rain 


12 


4S.8 


30.3 


36.7 


57.5 


30.0 


6e 


3.5 





00 




Partially clear ; hoar frost 
GoneraUy cloudy 


23 


48.5 


36.5 


40.4 


64.5 


16.3 


90 


8.3 





00 


w. 


24 


47.9 


41.1 


44.7 


61.0 


30.8 


86 


9.5 





00 




Generally overcast 


15 


48.5 


40.3 


44.4 


SO.O 


38.0 


76 


0.0 





00 


B.W. 


Clear day; clouds at night 


26 


51.9 


39.3 


47.4 


56.5 


39.8 


96 


10.0 





00 


B.W. 




27 


49.8 


32.9 


38.5 


50.0 


23.D 


63 


5.7 





00 


N.W. 


Cloudy momg. ; clear ngt. 






from ■ eel 


regiBtermg thermometer placid aa Ibe grasi at 




reading for the prtriou 


> tweatj-fu 


IT honra. 


T.^B 


LE SH 


JWINQ 


THE 


PRINCI 


PAI. Ff 


ITCT 


JATION 


s 


N T 


KE ATMO 


SPHERIC WAVE, FROM 



NOVEMBER 37th TO DECEMBER STrn, 1888. 



1863. 
MoiiUi,D>j,udUonr 


Railing or 


JamBietcr.* 


1883. 
Month, Dsj.sndHoiL 


RowiinBut 




Uigbnt. 


Lowest. 


Highest. 


LowesL 




Inches. 


Inches. 




Inches. 


Inches. 


Sot, 37, 9 a.m. .. 


30.33 




Dec. 14, 9 a.m. . 


30.39 




Dec. 3, noon .. 




38.64 


„ 16, 9 p.m. . 




29.63 


„ 3. 9 p.m. .. 


29.38 




„ 18, 3p 


m. . 


30.34 




„ 3, 7lLm. .. 




28.80 


„ 22, 9 a 


n. . 




39.70 


» 4. noon .. 


30.32 




„ 33, 9p 




30.09 




. 5, 3p.ni. .. 






„ 23, 3p 


o. . 




29.82 


, 7. 9 a.m. .. 


30.24 




.. 34, 9p 


n. . 


30.13 




.. 9, 9 a.m. . . 




39.87 


,, 26, 9p 


n. . 




29.72 


„ 11, 9a.m. .. 


30.10 




„ 27, 9p 


m. . 


30.07 




« IJ, 3 p.m. .. 




39.94 




(still riaing.) 





* All the rsadingi it t«dac«d to the caoBlant temperttora of 



HOI. zed B, Google 



tHE PARMEira HAOAZUfl). 



OALKNDAR OP AORlCUtTTJBE. 



Thii month U tbe beat time (at plangMng leys 
for Leaf drops, at before the sowiog ef fpaini, a» 
oiiU, beinB, and peas, the aUrface baa been pulver- 
bed \>y expoanre, and not sufficient)}' long in a 
ploughed state to be bud and baltered. The 
plsBghiBft B«Mt b»nf((»ou«]f puraued during tbia 
month— of lands for spring, and of at^blcB for 

When froeta and BnowapMrailjCartiiigaof all kiada 
will bo dons — of atiMee to dnuna and roada, of foele 
to all bomeboldan vn the farm, and of dung from 
tbe ewMe-yarde to the field*, wbora it will be wkntod 
for the root oropa. Fkcs the heap in a lane, or in 
■ conVBBMnl part of the Keld ; make it an oblong- 
square abapet sloping at tha ends to allow the 
loaded CMta to paaa apoo and over it. Spread 
each load evenly orcr tbe heap, of six feet in 
height, and lar earth ob the cdgea. The heap 
shoiiM have a dry foundation, and b« level. 

To wbiehevef of die above operatione the force 
of the hrtD bo applied, Irt it be combioad i let no 
detachsMtili b* nwde, except from neeeatity, which 
la occur, imtmustbe avMdedaamach 



In fresh weathor eontinne tbe autting of copies 
and nndeiwoods, tbe cutting and plashing of 
hedges, the securing of ditches and road sides, 
and clear water-coarsea ; cut draina to ludf the 
depth, to be finislied in iuairaer. Float water- 
Bwdows, and lay dry occaaionally, Sow winter 
and apring wheat* on lands cleared of tomipi and 
fallowa missed in antamn. 

Collect and prepare utifieial manures, and keep 
them under a dry open shed. 

Tha live stoclc on tbe farm, of every kind, will 
demand tha most constant attention and care o( the 
farmer, if he would rearanimals to profit and derive 
advantage from his labours, never forgetting the 
great affects of minute care in increasing tbe pro- 
doee of a form. B apply the cattle in the yards 
and horsBS with fresh straw daily, and give tamips 
and othei roots in tbe morning, that the cattle may 
eat during daylight, and be seen when choked or 
BwoUen. Turnips are best fretb-drawn from the 



Ud daily, aa wattad j bnt tbe danger of heavy 
■KHV* BOveriag tbem from um ramkm neoMBwy a 
heap at the honaaatead, contuning a few weeks' 
Birpply. The yarde must be littered freqoBDtly 
with straw, evmly tti lUft^. 

Tbe milcb cows now begin to drop calveai feed 
with Bueculcnt food, with Bteamed roota and 
chaff. Soekle both veal calvei and bx weuuna ; 
diangard tba old maxim Ihat anfanAb muit M 
starved in order to ba rearad at UtlJa coat ) when 
milk is exposed, tbe most valuable parts, ihn 
g&aaona fluids, go off by evaporation, hence tbe 
superiority of aucUing over band-feediag. If any 
dairy produce be wanted uaa a portion of the coti 
for that purpose, and the others for weaning calvei. 
Allow ample food in evwy case. Have the ulf- 
pena dirided into single apartmenta about 4 feet 
by 3 feet, opening into the cow-ahed, from tbe end 
or from behind, if tbe widch of tbe shed admit. 

The shoep flocks must have freah ttiraips daily 
tram the field, rooted, but not topped, in the 
separate flelds of different flocks, aa awes, keeping 
flock, and fattened flock, m arranged after autumn. 
The lambs of the last year and the fattaniug flock 
may be confinod on tha growing tiirnipa, or oe fed 
on ley or atubblo-field. A two-borae cart load will 
suffice for forty in fattening, and for 100 in itore of 
ordinary-eiied animala. 

Feed farm-borees with cut chaff of clover an^ 
straw, oats and beans, and give a hot med of 
ateamed potatoas or barley whan done work in the 
twilight. 

The piggerymnatnotba neglected. Feed lar|[e1r, 
and litter amply. Rear the store pigs wltb roou, 
as potatoes and beet, raw j the fattening bogi with 
steamed roots, chopped and mixed with meal), 
eerved regularly thrice a-dlyi No i "'""'■ iep>f 
attention better than pigs. 

Feed poultry with light grains and stewed pota- 
toes, mashed and mixed with meals, placed in * 
shed under cover, and have the loaging-hoau 
comfortably fitted up ftud warmed, if poBiible. 
Separate apartmente for each kind of poultiy 
animaU are preferred. 



CALBNDAE OS GAEDENING. 



Ibeveatber at thii leason, that 

it is ItnpoBuble to do more than anggeat. At all 
evenla, those Who desire to bare lettuces, radishes, 
and atltda early must be poisessed of frames and 
lights. We do not allude to forcing, but simply to 
protection ; yet this will imply some kind of linings, 
either of dung, fern, or straw kid so thick around 
tbe bat and ligbta, or brick-pits, ai to exclude a 
frost of 20 degrees, wbich often i^ta us and Uste 
many days. Even vegetable grown under frames 
mutt have air in fine intervals by day, the aaahes 
closed ever; tugb^ and be coverad, whenever it 



fireeiee, with etrawmats, tbe moat eAotiva QMSIH 
of defence that can be used. 

If the weather and ground ba opan, tiie grM 
and white cos-lettuce and tbe brown Dntcb, sad 
also a sprinkling of short-topped ladiah, can be 
sown on a warm border ; the earth ought to D« 
free, open, and rich, to promote qmck growth, anil 
straw or fern should be at hand, to throV over en 
bard nights. Sow radishes twice, , 

A littlB horn carrot seed, a drill of found •piM'^ 
some mustard and creee, nay ba lowDi bolhtw 
good will result in g 



Google 



THI PABHBR'S UAOAZnfB. 



Pea tad broid bsmi He towti at laut B^ of 3 
inchM dsep, in Roil enriched ia the autamn. 

Etnh-Qp peaa and beana, if any be leady, ob- 
MTTing to adeet tba diieat weather. Tmuplant 
nbbtge (nm the aeed-bed. 

In ^otu, protect Um caaliflowwa nnder glMMs, 

celerf by ft conpte of boarda laid rid^wise, or bf 

tinw on each Mde of the ridfges; wheel ont 

niDsre, to ba nkdy furjdotBi aapanRoa beda. Sec. 

Fruit Oabsxn. 

Prnae wtrj little, onhaa the bud* awell materi- 
iDf i iiy mannre aronnd tho root! of gooiebemea. 



toA lupbarilufl' it tmj mnefa impronraa 
the Bprinft growth. Do the same alao to firoit-treea 
and eapaUeri. 

Flowib Gabdkn. 
If anow kbonoda, recollect to hare it whisked ot 
pnlled off all the evergreene before the eon breaka 
oat ! nothing better preTBoti scalding and other 
accidenU to the foliage. Do notbing in the way 
of plantiDft flowers, but low seeds in p*ni, mark- 
iog each, and place them in a frame. Much time 
and labour are economised, and flowers better 
lecured by this method of proceeding. 



AGRICULTURAL REPORTS. 



JOt cwttBouoa of nmiikiblr fine lod opm veillwr hu 
u» rradoobn o( pnt idrmlica to «(rieiiltata. Ia til our 
■Mioj umntia, plooghiac lod lowioic htn projiniMd 
a-Mj, wd qoilc u m i«h lud bw bnn lowo with vheM u 
u ik enliiiirf riu of juri ; ohilit, with isir lav uuptiaDi, 
lie Kconoti in rifernM!* to [ha ■ppeuince ol tba ahitt pUati 
■R dndedl; famanU*. NodrithiUnduig Ihst piieca si« 
uQ nrj law, laiga qnutitin of whaat hara bean thiuhad 
Nlud diipntdorj Bararthelei), tha timda hu btsn in a 
■nd tka qootitlaai han had ■ droop- 
I tha Taine ot nonaj in tha eulj 
■• (Sect D)Kn tha dtauid for Fonign 
h diOmlt;, It 1*. sai qr. ' 
ralin eaw ia tha AaeonBl 



pHntae soatk hmd ao 



ikit— al. 

^K 

uj ben obiarta tbat tb* Indian som e»p in Antieu hai, 
lUi ytu, Mtnad ant Ttrr dtScieat. Ona aeaonit itaHi that 
IW ^d ia Uw Ftttatil euiei m IM.OOO.QOO boabili Ibh ttan 
B raqnind (or coaaoBpUoo. If Itaa* fifnm shaald prorc 
"TM, a adoBdarabk adiaaee nail tika plaa* in tba nloi 
of ahHl and Aoor in Aateria, beoani* Ihare will, no doubt, 
WuiasnanddBBaodloKbaaautidat. Alnodf, fln< Soai 
u aad daam at New Talk than in Bngland ; but a roithir 
inprnemmt ia (ba ioqnirj ii ealoilaled Id check ibipaanU. 
"< doiM tnlieipitt, howtrei, ttlj gnat eistaacnt in lh< 
'"*■ ^"t- snilag fraM a Ming eS ia tba Inpoila of ptodoM 
^ Antriaa, heaaBia, froa tha ■laal tbnadani!* o( irteat in 
ffuei, OvBta^, and Rsaaia, wa my ta'aly coodada that a 
'e^ modtraic rin in prina woatd h« apcadil; followad hy a 
><'(i lilai or nia tad aonc from the Conlinanl. Full i'«- 
"!> luppHea ofboata Eoglirii and kotcb baila; batn bMn en 
•fw. ud, (at tk* Boat pari, aaha htn pragraNad ilawlj, on 
iM i«Bt, All Mhai ki>«a ri ipiiag eoM ba*a mlad ba»r 
>ai m btaii ot bajan. Tba atoska ot foeiga graia and 
■hi la wtnbMat ia tha Dnilad Kingdon anno* amalla 
t*n It (ba Mnatponding pariod dnriiig tha bit two jBati, 
« n ladMlaBd that &a qomlitiai on patftfe an aona- 
^WM. >fnj1Hag,tb««lH«, bwontbaiiapttadMi 
tttt ohaat ha (Ma M towaat mis. 

. Ibbmm nppliaa of potatoaa haTa haaa OB nln ia tba T»- 
mu taarkata, id hll aTonge oonditiau. All kinda hsTe 
■j'tJoffbe.TUj, at low enrttnoiaa— lii., from 4fii. to BOa. 
P^tga. In Dccmbcr, ISai, tha beat aamplei oert wottb 
"j-pwiea. Tba iMporta rnn tha ConlinMt haTi baan 
■MK and wa andeHaad that tbar will aatiane lo, nolaat 
mtMdadiiMoiDLandaa. In all qurtaia. Tar; larp 
in band, and noit •ecaonti agrae 




tj Mdw fanica iaq,^ (MSogliib qnilitiea 



haa bllan off oaatidanbtr. Hoirtnr, tk« balk of tha lut 
slip hit paaaad into the budi at oar own mannTaitDnn, who 
sontiana to bold Terr light itocka ha tha tima of janr. 

The demand far both Bagliah and foreign hapa haa been 
tacnewhat native, at an ndnnce in tho qnatatiaDa of fraia 
Ja. to iOt. perowt. Tba lUp^Hu haie [alien oSindtbe 
uriTtla fnin abntd haie eilubited ■ deldenCT. Some of 
the BaTariaa hopi htTB oeme to hand in exocllent condilion, 
and realised at mncb as 160a. pat owt. 

AdricM from 8oo(Un<l repreaant tba naio trtdo, almott 
aenetally, Bi in a Tar; inietiTe etite. Wheat hu mled 
loirar in piioe, and neattj all otbar articles bare beta loma. 
what dapreai o d in ralae. The barle; crop bat (arned out 
Ttrr pradnaUre ; but the quality of tha tamplet ia not aqnil 
to Ufi2. 

In Ireland, Indian sotn hai been diapoted oF in ntbar 
lacga qnanlitias, ebieflffof feeding pnrpoaeir bnl ill otbal 
kiodi of pcodno* hate BOred off tlawlf, and tbe enrrenaies 
have not bean mpported. The shipmenta of ptoduae to 
BBriaad bSTa bean on i Tety moderate scale. 

Na ebanga of importaoce baa takeo place in tht nine of 
either b^ or ttriw, and tha damind foi Iboie ailidet ht« 
been mnch mtricted. Headaw hav baa told at from £S to 
« 10a., Hem X* M £5 lDt„ and itraw £1 6i. to £1 lOa. 

Tba aaH.. . 

farCbriitmu conMiiaptloii, and i 

tnatactcd in them, a.! ilead; cnmnclea. The great piot- 

ootton onlf, hsi great!]' inueaied the daBaod lor food, and 
^Ihaagb we may BDolinna to imparl UtfgelT front tba Con- 
tinaat. and nlibongh prodnctien uiaj iniproTe, il ie erident 
that high qaoUlioa* will jmrail daring tbe whole of 1361. 

BBVIBW OF THE CATTLE TRADE DURINa IHB 
PAST MONTH. 
AllhoBgh tha farloni natketo have been aoaMwhat 
heaiilr anppliad with beaits, in temaikablT good condition, 
more thtn an tTsrioB bniineu hu beau trnmaoled in piima 
atnck. at, on the whole, a modemla range in tbe qootallani. 
Onthe''OraacDaT" in London npwaidi of 10^ beMa 
were nUbilad. This li by fat tba laigael unnbet oa »• 



toleiabl; aelife, at fall ciurandea, the bait Dow 
■old at quite St, per 8,bi. Tka rnl trade baa ndad aleadv 
fartbetime of year; but poih, owiag toil! great abnnd- 
aoca, hat mtt a doll ioqiitj. 

Adricc* fruBi moit of am graiiag ditttiett, u *all ii fran 
BeoUand, itala tbal both beiita tnoahsip ban fattened lama- 
what rapidiT, tad ttel tba baiHh tl tha tiect, g 
eoatiaaad nod. large lapplin i 

matrapdia&Ua N«Mk, Bofalh B . 

dniiag the Maten new tnst favMaatd. Oar inpnaaiga 1^ 
howeTB, that high lataa will pinaU during tbe whela «( laH 



vGoti^le 



THE VARMSBfa MAOAZINB. 



•m tlMMi(h w» in? bt In ■ pwl to i to iaport iawwwi uii^ 
plm ot atack hou th* aonbimt, Dariag Ch* month, tbi 
uriTsli bta Londoo from Halliad aiid athn Quitni w*n ■■ 



B«uU .. 










.. 2MM 








Pil. .. 






Totil 










.. 2E,7H 


1881 




- .. aipBW 






.. 20,788 


1BS9 




.. 17,410 


18S8 






„ 1897 




MW 


H 1B» 










.. KfiOS 


. ISH 
















.. 11^0 


100 Spuiib bnrtt hivi 


com* to hud ia nnd eon- 






toUl inppliM uF 
CitllcMukalh 


itock ■ 


liJjiMd u th( OiMl HMn»- 


xebMi 








.. .. aojoa 



48! 

88,170 



CllTM 

Figi 2,680 

COUFARIRON OF BUFPLIII, 

Bfutt. Coin. Shnp. Ctdin. Pin- 

ZS,8I0 5U BS,a21 1,IS4 3,083 

14^40 470 BtSaO 701 1,890 

14,MD BIO B£,UO 1,977 3,448 

>4,4S4 470 78,980 1,171 I.1S7 

20J)SS 4S0 74,378 1,412 2,4SO 

18,830 S7S 87,132 I,30S 1,819 

23,805 47B 7SJK)0 1,628 2,880 

23,412 980 »0,OSO I,87S 3,181 

30,1IS 120 68,880 1,873 2,746 



1861 u 



ISfiS. 



1882. 



isei. 



■tun, ud NottfaimptM- 

•Ura 10,800 HMD 14,000 

NorMk 8J00 2,5»0 1,UI) 

OCIWr ftU Hi Eailud.. ., 8,800 2,000 iJM 

Bootiwl 2,870 130S 1,UD 

Irdud 2,380 2,420 2,100 

Bc«r tau lotd >t from Si. 4d. to Ei. Id., BQtlM 4i. to k, 
TCol 4f. W 8i., tmd pork Sa. Sd. to 4i. Sd. pot 8lbi. ta liit 
tUo offal. 

OaMI'AUROH or PllQBB. 

Deb, 1B58. Doc, 1860. 

1. d. a. d. 1. d. 1. 4. 

Bm(. (no S 3to9 4 S Is t 4 

HotMi 8 4toC 4.... 3 4m8 D 

Vod 3 StollO SlOtoS 4 

Pork 3 eioE 4 OWS 4 

D«., I8S1. D«.. 1882. 



Void . 
Pork . 



4 eu8 

3 8t» 



..8 4(09 S 

..a 6 to 9 10 
..a SloG 6 



Bona Muuliol)!; floe cruti-bnd ititep hai* ...- 

Holland, >D>I lulUe thigh qiotatiooi. In the geni iil qa^ljr 
»t the foreign bauti it liind, Tcij little iniprnTtmCDl bu 
tak(D place. 

Na*)[aleand Lndcitballtnicke'i hiiabaeD beanl; loppliil 
vith ill kindi of moat ; irt. an iniBOnM bniiuni bas txni 
eer nij ba quoted il 



CABHA.BTHBN BUTTER EXCHA.NOB, (Si 

ulcquta IB ttaa donuuid, pticei raDgiag from lOji. ti 
ueotdLof to eondiiion and qiuUitT- In the ibaenca < 



REVIEW OF THE COKN TRADE 

DURING THE PAST MONTH. 



The moDth of December witncMed extraordinar]' 
atmoapberic changei. The fint mek wu atorm^ 
hejoad the mtmory of mmj — the dioaiteri at aea 
being frightful, and on the land very axtensire, 
with a heai^ dotvnCall of rain; but, immedialelf 
aftermrdB, tdere tras a sudden transition to clear 
and calm weather, with occ<iiional in terra [itiona, 
and the doting fortnight wai quite above the ave- 
nge of seaaon, both ai to cleunes* and lemperatDre. 
Field interruptions, therefore, hare not been serious 
juat at the close of the year, and the young Wheat 
everywhere looked well, according to the time of 
planting. Cattie have had a fair biCe of unts, and 
no caculenta have been damaged by frost. The 
Cattle Show gave fiill proof of agricultural energy 
and euccess, which haa secured an increasing 
amount of public interest. The last Monday in 
November, which could not bs included in our 
nview of that month, happacsd to be the only 
lively one, pricea than being geuenlly Is. per qr. 
bigher for English Wheat, and Is. to 2s. for 
foreign ; and it is under the inSuence of the mar- 
ket* then held, that the general averages have aince 
continued to show a aligDt advance. Every thing 
at that time looked fair for a further improvsment, 
the attention of capitaliata being drawn to the low 
raoga of pricea, but the ncigencie* of foreign 



Governments brought a sudden rise in the rate of 
discount, which completely changed the face of , 
things, and though less pressure has since heea 
felt, the corn market has not recovered from the 
shock, the vreatsat depreciation bung fell oa Ibe 
second Monday, when pricea fell 2a. per qr., Itaving , 
much heaviness entailed on subsequent maikeU 
from the holidays and general indisposition c' 
bnyera to contract fresh bargains at the close of the 
year. There have, however, arisen serious coo- , 
plications on the Schleswig-Holstein question, aod 
with armies already set in motion and human pu- 
eiona excited, one fatal epark lighting upoa 
materials so combustible may kindle up an | 
European war ; with that probahilitj before ut 
there ia an equal prospect of a rise in Wheat ; for, 
with all our abundance, the cutting off either of 
Baltic or American supplies, wholly or in part, «i!l { 
be a hint to farmera not to throw their opportuaitiN 
away. A rise of lOa. per qr. might then eatus 
without the slightest pressure on the public. Hm i 
Baltic ports have been already apprehensive of i | 
Swedish and Daniah blockade, aud thoufib this 
would make little difference to places ordinuily 
blocked up by ice, they would feel it aeverelj I 
through the spring and aammer. Nor is llu | 
Polish difficulty to be lost sight of, which, takbif 



V Google 



THE PARMER'S UAQAZtNE 



(Iw ■ wider nnge, night cut off or diminiab lup- 
pHes from Rasiia. So two chief eoareea of supply 
m in danger of &ilinff. Beyond the Earopean 
difficnJtiei ttiere i« appieheniioii m to the power of 
America to go on at tne rate she hu in shipmeoti, 
Montreal speaks of a deficit in receipts thia seasoa 
ct no lesB than three nullions of butheU of 
vhnC, and so disBstisfied have the Northern 
SuliB becD with cnrrent rates, that their own 
eotaaKlement in war and monetary pressure has 
DDt prerented extensive speculation, showing 
that wbatem opinion England may have of the 
f!l^]r^ America is confident of higher ratea. In- 
ittd, either in the event of a speedy peace with the 
South, or of a continued war, the opinion seems 
jnitiGeil. War ninat lessen labour and increase 
nite. Peace must make an enormous demand 
for the necessitiea of the Southerners, who for a 
tine Boold be the best customers of the Federal 
Sulci. On the other hand, if we Uke it for 
tirantol that peace is everywhere to rule, are our 
pticM, HO much below the average of seasons, 
likclf to be kept down at the present range when 
iiocki every month most be redacing and falling 
iDto wealthier bands J Bnt little differences of 
Tilue have obtained abroad, though prices in the 
principal shipping ports, as well as in France, have 
been wtoewhat declimng, as the quotations here- 
DDiier will show. Fine wheat in Paris has been 
■ellinf; at about 42s. per qr., lower sorts at 39s, 
Prices at Antwerp for old Baltic were 41s. 6d., 
winter American 43b., Ghirka 40s. per qr. Wheat 
u Mantricbt in Holland was quoted 4ls. per qr. 
Saalc wheat at Hambro' tie, per qr. ; fine new at 
DiDiig, 4Zl. to 44a. ; old, being very scarce, 47s. 
pcrqr.; new native at Cologne 3ga. AtStraubing, 
top quality, 40g. At Odessa the range of prices 
■u 27a. to 368. 6d. At Venice the best wheat 
«a) quuled 46s. ; the best soft at Algiers 4Bs. 6d. 
per qr. In Montreal, Upper Canada, spring wheat 
■as worth 318. 7d. per qr. Chicago, at New York, 
Ml- 6d. per qr. of 480lbB. ; winter, 33s. 4d. ; 
while Michiitan, 3S8. per qr. 

The first Monday in London began on moderate 
ifnnh of English wheat, and a small supply of 
for^n. But few samples were eihibileo from 
i^Dt and Essex during the morning, and the con- 
ation was inferior. Fine dry qualities only sold 
ildwly at the previous rates, those in bad order 
bcJOR neglected. A snddeo rise in discount having 
checked apecnlatioD, there was very little doing in 
foreimi beyond a retail demand, and hod sales been 
Totoed lower qnoLations must bave been accepted, 
iiarc upeciaUv for new. Floating cargoea went 
off abwly at tlie previons currency. The dull re- 
pnrtg from London and the state of the money 
mirket appeared generally to influence trade in the 
roaotry. Many places noted a decline of fully Is. 
ptr ^r. ; among them were Boston, Bury St. Bd- 
oand's, Gainshoroogh, Market Rasen, Stockloa- 
on-Tces, and Briatol. Some were down Is. to 3s. 
9^ qr., SB Spalding, Newark, and Newbury ; but 
HdD, Birmingham, and Gloucester made little dif- 
ference in prices. Liverpool gave way 3d. per 
nntal on Tuesday, and there was no rally on the 
following market. In Scodand, Glasgow and 
BdinbD^li reported great heaviness in the trade, 



with eaaier rates for low qaalitiea. Dublin wat 
dull, bnt the small quantity of wheat on ahow kept 
price* as before. 

The second Monday commenced with inproved 
Engliah and good foreign supplies. Though tlie 
near counties sent up bnt a moderate show of fresh 
samples, these, with those over-left during the pre- 
viou week, made a fair exhibition on the En^lidi 
stands. The bulk being but iu poor condition, 
there was quite an anxiety to sell, on the part c^ 
factors, who ivonld gladly have made a clearance at 
3s. per qr. below the previous terms, after a few 
picked lots were taken at about Is. per qr. less 
moneys bnt the trade was averse to business, and 
the bulk remained on hand. Transactions in foreign 
were very limited, with prices somewhat in favour 
of buyers. Arrivals off the coast being small, 
prices were unchanged. The country markets 
were again partly influenced by the London de- 
cline, and general reports of dulness were received, 
but some among them withstood all attempts to 
force down prices. Among these were Ipswich, 
Bury St. Edmunds, Rochester, St. Ives, and Glou- 
eester. Others were only Is. per qr. lower, as 
Leeds, Louth, Lynn, Boston, Oainaborough, and 
Wolverhampton ; but Hull, Stockton, and Spalding 
were Is. to 2s. per qr. cheaper. Liverpool noted a 
decline of 3d. per cental on Tuesday, and wss duU 
again on Friday, without quotable change. Edia- 
burg snd Glasgow quoted Is. per qr. leaa money, 
and Dublin about the same reduction. 

The supplies for the third Monday were about 
the same as on the previous week, both in English 
and foreign qualities. The weather previously 
being fine, the moderate show of English mialitiea 
waa improved in condition, both on the Kentish 
and Essex stands: but with Christmas immediately 
in prospect, and money matters only sUghtly im- 
proved, there was vary little disposition on the 
part of millers to bay. The few samples sold were 
placed at the former rates, but to have cleared the 
bulk less money must have been accepted. The 
foreign trade was almost as slack, but holders were 
not anxious to press sales, vrith the doubtful aspect 
of European politics. Cargoes afloat being but few 
in number, were unaltered in value. The Christ. 
mas holidays occurring this week, the country 
marketa partook of a holiday character. Some 
were Is. per qr. lower, others only reported busi- 
ness in suspense. Liverpool was cheaper 3d. per 
cental ; Ghu^w and Edinburgh, as well as Dublin, 
being almost without trade. 

The fourth Monday began on the smalleat Eng- 
lish and largest foreign supply of the month. The 
Essex and Kentish stands were very scantily pro- 
vided with fresh samples during the morning, and 
though the condition was fair the stuns indisposition 
to business was evinced by millera, so that for want 
of trade prices were nominally the same. There 
waa, however, some little doing in foreign at for- 
mer rates, especially for fine old qualities, while 
new were quite unsought. Cargoes afloat were 
held at previous quotations. 

The imports into London for the four weeks 
were 31,30g qrs. English, 71,088 qrs. foreign, 
against 33,447 qrs. English, 111,460 qrs. foreign 
for the aame period in 1862, The imports into the 



gi.zcdpvGoO^Ie 



TRE FABMW9 MAiGATOW, 



S^iftdom tot Nonahir vm 443^30 qn, wbmt, 
464,364 ewta. flov. 

The flour trade has been dull all tbroogb tk« 
noDth., Country u wall u lamga nuka bave 
chnpeoed about la. per tack, but th« auddeo fkUiiif 
off in tha neeipta from Amariea bava madeboldara 
of tbia qualitr firm, and tba graM acareiW of reaUr 
fina birrala naa aomavbat anbanead Mair value. 
Town pricoi bavs oontinaad uiultcrad. 40*. atiU 
beioK tba top priea. Tba London import* for tba 
nontb vara 49,416 aacka of oonntr; maka, vilb 
6,130 aacka 13,S56 brla, foraiftn, againit 67,661 
aacka countiy, 3,434 aacka 34,914 brla. tot tba 
tame period la 1869. 

Tba barley trade baa baca ascoadiimlr bMvy all 
tbraugb the month, and mncb loat baa euaaad from 
foraign importa, irhicb, bappilv for importwa, trera 
not on a very large acala. Ob Engliab mahing 
qiulitiBt tbcre baa bean a doeline of abont la. per 
qr,, and on aacondary and low grinding tba rednc- 
tibn baa been 1«. to aa. par qr., ioaomuch tbat tba 
latl«r can noir be bad at S3a. per qr., waigbad 50 Iba. 
to the butbel, and baary 631 Iba. t middling 
forugn hare baen aold at 36i, 6d. Tbe fuinre, 
however, of tha imp<Mia of maiia, from tbe de5ci< 
enejr of the crop in America, or the eonaeqaaoee of 
nn early froit, may bring about (ome reaodon in 
pricea. Tbe importa into London for tha four 
woeki were 17,736 qr*. Britiab, 6s,704 qr*. foreign, 
again*t 9l,GflS qn. Britiah 41,819 qr*. foreign in 
1BG2. 

Oat* a]«o, witb a rerj modnate foreign 
importation, hare further receded in value 
about 1*. per qr., excepting choie* old Ruatian, 
whlcb are getting acarca, the baat of which *tiU 
bring abont 2 1 *. per qr. We oannot help thinking 
that this grain, nolwithatanding tbe goodneaa ^ 
the English crop, baa about aeanit* lotreet, and in 
oaae of tbe outbreak of war between Oarmanjrand 
Denmark, pricea muat improTe. 1^ importa 
into London for tbe month were in Bnglieh 
aorti 35,137 qra., Scotch 4,046 qra., Irish 7,874 qrs., 
and foreign 58,363 qra., agunat 33,610 qra. Eng- 
liab, 1,033 qra. Seotcb, 3,374(ire. Irish, and 131,395 
qr*. foreign for the same period in 1S62. 

Bean* have been a quiet trade, but experience 
no diminution of value, though aupplie* have 
been fair, both Engllah and foreign, and tha wea- 
ther baa been mild. In Egypt, thay have lately 
been rising in valne, and the knowledge of thi* 
fact may have bad something to do with the Hrm- 
nees of hotdere, and as prices at Alexandria are 
about 96b. 6d. per qr., and hers only 31s. to 33e., 
there i* no profitable margin for impoits. The 
receipts into London during the month were in 
Engluh aorts, moatly new, 6,374 qra., in foreign 
10,174 qr*., against 4,383 qra, Engliah, and 14,138 
qra, foreign in 1863. 

Peas hsve been decidedly in buyer*' favour, 
more especially the new clay-coloured and grey, 
aay, to tbe extent of fiilly 3*. per qr., tbe pre- 
sent valae not being over 31*. per qr. Maples not 
being so plentiful, have not been equally depressed; 
but white have scarcely been enquired for, and 
must be only held aa nominally worth about 3S*. 
for good boilera. Should the weather, however, 
lalce up ibarp, OT imy larga osval contract* come 



DcO, d»r vwU i»a*dilr uaproM w «riH. The 
usport* inLa LondoB fwr taii vacJu vanUlji 
qr*. English, and 10,439 qa. bmga, iguMt 
9,989 qrs. English. Kui MPl V*- WWCB (w tbe 
aaoie period in 1863. 

There bare been fair import* of Linaaed, villi 
fluctnationa of value during the otontb, lasriig 
priee* ranch as Utejr coiinoanced. During a weak 
of large cxperta price* wen raised 3a. per qr.i 
but on tbe foUowiog weak thia wu loth ■* baary 
inpoita from lodi* vera knovn to be db tba way, 
tbat coootry haviog been bvoured with a good 
crop tbia yeer. Cakise hava been in tiii reqB*«t U 
eqiial price* all tbnwgh tb« monlb, to get up tlu 
cattle well for Cbriatmu. 

Tbe seed trade baa been aUnoet eoepended, tbi 
onl^ article ot interest baving beea Canaryaced, 
wbicb baa fortber inereaaed in vkIiu, mora e*p^ 
cially for fine qualities, whiob hsvo become very 
scarce. Nev loreign epring Tare* have base 
offering very low— aay, at 31*. per qr., vi^tout u 

Cat meetiBg nucb atuntion, uiough biner* an 
ardly expect to do so well in ajwing, New Eog> 
Uah red Cbvaraead ba« from Urn* to time ai^ 
pearad, but holder* wars too high in lb*ir nolioBt 
to bring on huainaea. 



PRICES OF SEEDS. 



U»4>T, B*r v- , 

Taku, irbitar, Hw, ptrbnth*)... 

Ijvwui, Hr qr., hwIdi — ■. to TS 

LiBinD Casm, iMrtan 

BU'Mnp, P«r qr 

EuB Qua, va ton 



!ue|. "^ 

n»siM*.i«o«- 

ITfUUKatM. SSi., Uts, IM*. 

SiUicz , BOi., IOSl, lit*. 

Bmrius „ .. lOia, 1 SflL, IWt. 

Belfiuu. TBl, TSi., Ml. 

. lOta., Itl*.. IWs. 



POTATO MARKETS, 
BOROUGH AND 8PITALPIBLD8. 

Torbhii* KwMl TSato 8i*.FMl« 

DItta FlakM 90a. to lOOa. , 

DittaRMk* 6a<.ia 70^ u 

Fertk, PaitK, sad nfMhifa 

BefssU BOi.tc TOs, „ 

DittoRoeki lOi.to SO*. „ 

KiDt ind EiMiR^feati .. TOi.tc SO*. „ 



SNQUSH BUTTBK HABSBT. 
LONDON, UoKDkl, Dw. 28.— W* note a w? ^- 
fisb tfsd*. sod pricM ue n«( ngmtti, 

Don(t,ble None. 

.... Ml. ta Hi. »si evi 



lit I 



FrintedbrRai*nimaBdXaited,M(^atnnri,b»'»*i^-^ | 

LNgnzcdbyGoOgIc | 




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DiBiiizcdb, Google 



WELSH GALLOWAYS. 



TBS PBOPBSTY OP THK BIVKRKND W. BOLT BIBVKR, OV PINCRAIO COVBT, KOIB, 
HIRBVOHDSHIRK. 



IIb folloiriD{{ "notes" with which we have been 
tToarH by Mr. Beever are far too good for us to 
iotafcre with: — 

"Of the old white mare there ia notbinf; to 
record further than that beiag ehort-joiated, a 
c\enr trotter, and a nusuve specimen of the Ur^e 
poiji KTt— u dietinKiiished from the cob, which ia 
nther a comprsMed horse than a pony — uwd in the 
mioea about Swansea, ahe is well adapted where- 
vith to try the ctom of a blood-hor«e, with a riew 
10 breedii^ either a bright-moving park hack, or a 
dcTff fifteen-two banter of rarest endurance and 



"IhiTafband that there ia a good deal of oncer- 
taintj in the rite of the produce resoltiDg from this 
cnw. The colt« Mem to alternate in siie. One 
rar 1 cob ia bom, the next year a full-siied 
GItera-two, and the next again a cob. Thia old 
nun, of which I write, ia the dam, by a most com- 
moDpUce small roadster sire, of the dappled i^rey 
pony that won a prise of the Royal Agricultural 
Society at Caaterbury, where she was petted by 
^r bands, and fed with queen-cakes to such a 
■Kgree that her career waa nearly cut short, on her 
Rtnrn home, through an apoplectic eeizurs. A 
jculing by Rerenge out of the old mare ia a per- 
fect Kcin ai yet, and just what I aimed at as a 
breeder, having a faultleaa head, and excellent 
pTopartioDs for a low and lengthy blood-hack of 
feihion and anbattnce; coming op to be fed already 
mh eiaetlj that admirable grandeur of gait that 
dittioguiibed the broad-chested Sledmere mares 
u ther mored astonished round the ring of sale. 

" 1 hare the old mare and four grey daughters, 
ul of which will ultimately be bred from if the 
WW nicks. 

" Bebg apparently half asleep as she was dranm, 
she does her position drill instructor great dis- 
"WJit, as in nature the stands qnite square, having 



no tendency whatever to such cow-hock appear- 
ance. I don't think the prinl does tbepamtbig 
justice as regards her ana her foal, "niey are 
too hud and flat. 

" Her companion, the brown mare, is of quite 
another stamp. Shs is herself a specimen of the 
first cross between a blood-horse and a stout pony. 
She had the disadvantage of being got by Gaper, 
a aire whose disposition her astonishing powers of 
lasting belie. She is a clever trotter and a good 
jumper, and might have made a galloway steeple- 
chaser ; but It was by her marrcUons speed that she 
won the name of provincial celebrity that she has, 
being a sort of South Wales Blink Bonny. Her 
name,'PoUyBrowo,'was,s few years since, a house- 
hold word with every man, woman, and child 
throughout the coantry. There was not a frieze- 
coated farmer in Gower, nor a miner in the whole 
district, who did not or would not stake more than 
he ought upon her chance of winning whenever 
she ran ; and U> this day the old Swansea fish- 
women will arrest the snctiou of their short black 
pipes at the very mention of her name, to recount 
their recoUeclions of her prowess. 

" She ran in numberless races, as well as in 
matches aninst time, and ia said to have beea 
only ttrice Deaten — once when she was not wanted, 
and again, when caught up from grais by her im- 
petuons Celtic owner, she was started against full- 
sited platers on a course where Mr. Farr once nie, 
and Clothworkerran. Notwithstanding her diaad- 
vantage, nothing could catch her for fnll three- 

?uarters of a mile, and ahe finished a good third. 
n galloping ahe seems to bound as it were off 
India-rubber, and the rapidity of her strokes just 
realizes ona'a conception of what the knowing mean 
when they talk of 'greased lightning' and 
' kicking flashes.' 
" Ponil of her at I am, I don't think I conld 

H ooyle 



88 



THE FARMER'S MAQAZINK. 



•sag|;[erate her excellence la a hack and raciaf; 
pony. I am only Borry that I could not send yon 
more definite informait'ioa reapectiag the matchee 
■he haa jaat run. I ahould hare had, howeTer, to 
travene a long diataneB,and I hare been too much 
tied down to do it. I find that here (in Berltahire) 
the tit-bita that the leading farmera ride, and phde 
themselves upon, have Renerallr been brought out 
of a Welah drove. I would that some one coutd 
work up these precious elements, ai Suffolk haa 
done her cart-hordea. But Mr. Talbot will, I 
expect, do much with Revenue." 

A portrait of this horse. Revenge, appeared ia oui 
MaKBziae for May, while Mr. Beever himself intro- 
duced the little nag into South Wales, as be also 
has some Suffolk horsea and Shorthorn cattle, all of 
the best of their kind. His taste for a ruia] life has 
elao developed itaelf in other waja, as be is the 



author of the Royal Agricaltura] Soeietr** V^k 
eaaay on " The Time of Entry on Farma," as wcU 
as of a work, published by Chapman and Hill, 
modestly entitled " Noteson FUldtand Cattle," bat 
one of the most genoine and delightful eooDtry 
books that has been seen for many a long dif. 
After being in residence there for some yeart. Mi, 
Beever left Cowbridge a few weeks since, th« oca- 
aion of bis departure btin^ seiaed upon at ihg 
opportunity by bis many fnends for preeentinf; 
him with a handsome testimonial of the reipectin 
which he was held in the district, Mr. Beers, 
however, has not gone br away from them, 
having purchased a property on the binka of 
the winding Wye, and where no doubt he will 
work up something morefrom togoodafoondalion 
as the Welsh pony. 



PLATE IV. 
A SUSSEX STEER. 

TBI FBOPZBTY OF MR. JOHN BHOOIMITH, OF BlftWICK, LBWB8. 



" Last year we had but eleven Suisez cattle, but 
that usefid breed now numbers thirty entries, and 
Mr, Shoosmilh'a first priie steer is just the sort for 
the meat market. . . The Sussex evince still 
farther advancement in that style and quality so 
observable on the last few occasions." 

It was thus we wrote in our last number on the 
Smithfield Club Show, and here ia the Sussex 
Friie Steer. Ue was bred by Mr. Shoosmith, 
bnng by Nimrod, out of Golden, by Stlmes ; and 
two years and ten months old when exhibited at 
Islingtou. Both the sire and dam were also bred 
at Berwick, and the latter herself took two pre- 
tniums at local shows, while two of her produce 
have been winners in London— «ne in 1861 and the 
other in 1863. Even further, Golden made her 
14lbs. of butter a week — pretty well for a Sussex, 
which as a breed are not generally considered good 
milkera. However, Mr. Shoosmith thinks they 
have only to be better known to be mors appre- 



ciated, as " they have the quality of the Derail with 
more sise, and are taken by the Butchers to be, iie~' 
to the Scots, the best fleshed animAls they kill." 

This steer was shown in the week previeiu 10 
his coming to town at the Brighton Fat Stwk 
Show, where be took the second prise, and Mr. 
W. Wood's beast the first, tbeir places boiig 
reversed by the Smithfield Club authorities, u,it 
fact, were nearly all the Sussex awards. Mi. 
Shoosmith has only a small herd, but since be bu 
figured as an exhibitor no one has been more 
cessful. Datbg from the establisbmeat of the 
Sussex Class in London, be has shown six aDimaU 
and taken four prizes, three firsts and a Kcond; 
while in 1861 he won in sU ten Snt piim 
amounting to £13G in very hard cash, 

We are only sorry to add that the Beimd 
stock is not yet registered in the Sana V*ri 
BwA, a palpable mistake that cannot b« loa mm 
corrected. 



POULTRY. VARD SWEEPINGS, 



IT CUIB££ST W. JOHNSON, ES<)., F.S.S. 



Soma recently-reported leiearolies of Professor An- 
denoa, on the dang of ooc domeatio birds, are of oon- 
sidenibls valoa. They are also soggeative of several 
other and even more practical enijnirles. These tvr- 
tiliiers have, from a verr early period, attraoted the 
enltivator's attention : that of the pigeon was employed 
In eastern eotmtrie* 900 years B. C. (3 Kbigi rl. 2S). 
The earliest of the Latin agilcultnral authora eamneaded 
Its nae G>r meadows, corn lands, and gtrdeos (if. P. Calo, 
lib. 86) i and it is noir two centoriea nnce John Worlidge 



maintained that one load of hen's or pigeon'* iut *^ 
worth tea loads of other minore (_Xi/lttrie ^ At^- 
wliure, 71). The diffiealty of proonrinf tbeMdrefl- 
ing* in any ooiwidenbls quantity natarally t^U^ 
their use ; bat when the Importatlaa of the goino ol 
Pen Iota this omutry bq(an to be eo large, then otbar 
sDonxa of a sapplf of the dang of birds were Srat MH- 
sldered; and hsoM, In 1847, soiaaof the dDDgorUie 
plgeoa b^an to be imparted from Egyp^ ** eolleeted 
. from the exteoiiTe doreootai la llu veiy dry ^' 



THB FABMEE'B MAQAZINB. 



89 



utg irf Oia TaDn of the Nile, U wu mt.\jttA br tlw 
hu ftokmar iiAattoa {Trmu. Hifh. Sm^ 1847, p. 
MO). Ha (band U to emtalii pw oaoL— 



nitnif^ (iqui to SM ^ iniBumii} .,. E9.SB 
AnBaoU 1^ 




Tbc freah dung of our plgeoB-hoiiaH i* fkr, howerer, 
trotn beini u rich u tbs E^jptlu) ipedmen enminad 
by PiofiMor Johnitoa; for in ths uuIjiU of lOmB 
ptfoan-dong carcfnliy collected bt Hr. Qlbaon, of 
Woolmet, from hii own doraoota. In m fradi • (Ute, 
md M free ftwa (brdgn mattor, ai It waa poidble to 
Abtiiii it, Prafeamr Aadsnon foond, per eeat (Traiu. 
ff^'i' A».. 18G4, p. I70>— 



wUch tlia dang la t™— '■'~'i Id om eeld and daaip 
dinuu it rataio* Iti mdrtue Ibr a eouideTaljte Una, 
IriKBtilioa (akea place, auBOaU la enJ*ed and lert, 
»kilg In the warm and dr; atmoapbare of Bgjrpt U U 
npidlr drinl ap befere decempoiitiM bat ooBmanoad, 
ud thu tbe organic ■wttar u retalDad more netrW In 
UxiUte In wUab It Udi^ted bf tbe Urda. 

Tlu laalr^ of han'a dung, oj the nma Froleieor, 
■fOBi lo lodleats Ita ratbei infaiior ralae to that of the 
FVM n a fartillaei. He bnnd. In a tpadmai Mra- 
hllT eollactad bf Hr. Glbaon, per oent. {iHd, p. 1 72)— 

T«Ur BO^ 

Oipaie aiitts and amMBiIaeal ntta ... 19.32 

I*««ptal«i 4.47 

Cwbgatfa at lima 7.6S 



Snanl coBpiTatiTs eiperlmenti, made 

dace bj Hr. A. J. Main, of Wbltehlll, In Emit Lothian, 
>n in ucordince wlch the axaminatlaiii lA the ehemtat 
He oplojad both plgeon'a and ben'a daii(, In eonjnne- 
lunwith hrm-fard muwre, aa a drealng br carroti, 
■Oil t iBdilt par acre of whlcb the fc^owini U a tabnlir 
■(■tfanit (Uii^ 1S19, p.603)— 

Mb.™ mdlond. ^"^ prodn.^ 



H Duaua la tooa, ^gaaB*! ixag 4 ei 
Kits IS ton, bm done 4 c«t. 



in 



DMW 1( 



Fnnn othar triala of Mr. Main, with heo'i duiK, for 
toaiiM, in » drj leaiQii, It ia erident that a fur anpplj 
"jnn It ilwiji oaeded br the diaplar of the Ter; eon- 
"^"itile power of thia kind of mannre. 

The duig of the pxm lod that of tbe dock waa alao 
°u>ned br ProftaaoT Andoion. He fbond tbeae to 
"■•tun per eeat. aa foUowa, which, Ibr the moreeaar 



I wUl glf* b ft tabnlar fami b Juh> 
peritton with tU of tbe pigeon and tbe ban i— 
Danirflba 
Hfson. Ha. DwA. Qoaaa, 
G8.83 60.88 *AM TIM 




Theae nluble enDlnadon*, we muat remembo', wera 
made of the dang of blrdi Ilvlag cUeflj on vtftMIt 
food. What would be the reaalt upon ue oompoeitlon 
of their dnng bj foedlng them upon a eenddwable pro- 
portlDn of animal food wa can onlj Jadge trom analogj. 
Thui, If we eiunlDe tbe excreta of tboae btrda wUeb 
feed ehiefl; on liib, we find that It abonnda with nrlo 
add and ammonia. From theae analyaatlcma we majr 
alM andentandwhr the Ferarian finnera eo moeb pt»- 
fer the rtetaf gnano araonated bj the aea birda to that 
of the older, «ore deoonpoaed dapMtta. Dr. Wollaittm 
band that the raoantlj-Toided axorata of the ganna^ 
when drr, contained bardlj anjUilDi but vie add ) and 
Colodet tband in 100 parte of the loUd azoremant of the 

Aamsala ... .„ .„ ... flil3 

Urw a«d ., 84.U 

Fbaaphata ef Una ... „ S.I8 



Nor, there Ii no donbt that theae two latt^esaniiMd 
varietlei mnit be alaaaed with tbe moat powerrnl of 
organic Dunurea ; and It would henoe Ham nry daair- 
able to aaeertain the chemical effect produced upon tbe 
eiareta of our ponltiy, bj feedii^ them with a eooaider^ 
able portion of^animal food. What, for luitaiioe, ia the 
eomporition of tbe hen dusg ecUeated In iw^ large 
qnantitiea In thoie great poultry eatabUahmanta near 
Puial 

There nuely might be ia aome dlabtieta of onr lalaod 
pToSlable rendu obtuned &om a oaraful atndy of the 
ejitem to well uranged in thaaa great ParUian yardi. 
One of Utaae baa been daeeribed In reeott numbera «( 
Tlu SecllUA Faruur, and alio in Tkt Jaumai tf 
HorlituUHrt (vol. uii., p. S3), wUeta I eannat, patw 
h^H, do belter than abridge, aa • oeuelndon la Ihta 
paper. The reporter trtdy eoongb telle bia readere, that 
witb care and good managenaat, no braadi of ilniinallu 
Induatry it more prefiteUe than reerlag pen^. Bat 
than we mut oareAdly attend (o the preaantloaa eeeNtU 
t« anaua aaaceaa. Tbu, nun; peraona have enppeaed 
tbairtat 1« proAUUe on » teuU eoale might be made atUl 
more to whoi merdy oairied oa to a larger extent) bat 
repeated experimenta In thia and other coantrlea hare 

Erored thia lo be a inlftake. The aaoret of tbe mattai 
, that bene cannot thrive and Itj without a oondder- 
able quantity of animal food. Where bnt a UmHed 
nnmber of fowla are kept about the tarm-Tard, the 
natural anpply of Inmcta b annelent t« meet tUi de* 
m«nd ; bnt when attampta hBT* been made to extend 
the baa i nem beyond tbe aoaroe of lapph, Iber have sot 
proepered. It will be aaen from tbe iMlowIng iDloee^ 
ing accoont, that H. de Son, is Franoe, haa adopted a 
method that hu proied completely (ncceiefiU> by 
affording an artifloial mpply of uila eaeentlal perUoa ef 
their food. 

The Freoidi practieal philoaophere aertainl; knew bow 
to make the moet of Ihinga. Thna H. da Sora hat 
tha power of maUng bene lay every day Id tbe year by 
U 2 



00 



THE FARMER'S MAGA2INE. 



fiMding tb«m on faoricfleih, Tlie fict that heiu do n>>t 
U; eggi io winlar u wall ■• in lammci ii wsll known, 
■nd UB itmplg reuon >ppciri to be tbkt thi; do nnt 
gat the lupplf o( meit which the^ obtiia in tbe warm 
MHon httm wonai and Iniectt. M. de Han wai aware 
of tticie r*e[l, and liiliif it the time DpoD a dilapidated 
eetite a tew mllsa from Faria, the land haiing b«ra be - 
qoeathed to him ■ few yean preiioiulj, be let hlmaclf 
•ariMatlT to the task of coDitnictiDg a henerj which 
iboold be pradBotlTe tweite monihi Id the year. He 
Man aacertainad that a oertalu qnaDtitr of raw mince- 
UMt, glrat regnlarlj with other food, prodaccd the 
d««ind retolt; and commenciuti; with onlj tame 300 
(owli, he found that they avenged the flrit year lOiiie 
twenff-fira doxen eggi in the 3GS daji. The pait aea- 
■M he haa wintered, thus far, abont 100,000 hem, and 
a hit proportioa ot male birdi, with a cloie approiima- 
tion to the lame reiutta. Doling the ipring, anmmer, 
and aniamn, thef have the range of the artate, bnt 
alwaja ander nuTeillanoe. In vintar tbair •partmenCa 
an kept at an agreeable temperatnre ; and althoogh 
they hare mlnoe-meat radoni the year round, yet iLe 
qnantltT la moeh ineraaaad during tha cold waathar. 
Thay haTB free aooeM to pnre water, graTel , and aand, 
and thair combe are alwaja red. To enpplj thle great 
eooaamptlan of meat, H. de Sora haa aTailed hlmiair of 
the *Dpennnnal«d and damaged horiaa which can alway* 
be gauured from the atablea of Pari* and the eaborlu. 
The bonea are taken to an aiaitair owned by M. de 
Sora, and there neatly and aclentiftoally dinghtered. 
Tha blood b aa*ad elain and nnnliad with offal. Ttali 
la aold fbr tha parpoiea of the arta, at a remnneratiTe 
price. Tha (kin goea to the tanner, tha head, hooli, 
abadca, &o., to tha glna-maker and Proailan-blna mann. 
hetotari tba large bonea make ■ cheap anbttitnte for 
Irory with tha button-maker, while the remainder of the 
I atnotnra It mannfaottired into irory black, or 



tbe now bahioDable and hlghly-parfamed lip-aalie and 
pomade wat ancaeoelotadinttialegboneaat oldhoraea. 
Uaaa are alao foond tor the entraila, and, in fact, no 
portion of tba beaat la waited. 

ne flaab It csrafnlly dlaaeeted off tha bonea, and 
being est Into anltable proportioni, it la ran throogb a 
•ariei at renilTlng knlvaa, the appantat bring aimtlar 
loaiMMga marine of Immnaa alia, and iadallTared 
In tiie ih^te of « bemoganeoiu maaa of eilnca-maat, 
Ufhly aenonad, into caaka, wUdi are tmtnedbrtely 
heeded mp, and conTeyed per railroad to the egg-plaa- 
taUon of M. de Sara. 

Tba eonanmptlon of honei for thii pnrpoae by M, de 
Son baa baea at tba arenge rate of twen^-two per day 
tor (he laet twalxe raonthi, and ao eoonomloal are all hia 
MTangemanta, that he te eii«bled to make a profit on the 
oott of the animal* by tha aale of the eitranaooa nb' 
itanoea enomaraled aboTe — thn* tomlahlng to bimielf 
the minea-meat for mnch leai than nothing, delivered at 
hb henery. It baa bean atoertalned that a alk;ht addi- 
tion of nit and grovnd pepper to the maae la banefldal 
to tha towla i yet M. de Bora doea not depend upon 
Ibeaa eenditioni alone to prevent patrefaoUon, bnt haa 
hla atotwooBU to eontrlred aa to be kept at a tempera- 
ture ]nit ramottd from the fraeibg point throagh tha 
year, lo that the minoe-meat navar beoomaa aoar or 
<^nii*a ; the tbwla eat it with aTidlty ; tbey are erer in 
good oondllion, and they lay an egg abnoat itOj In tU 



WBalbrrB and in all leaMiDi. The tbedi, olGcei, ud 
other bnildiDgi are built Broand a quidruKle, cDclodng 
■boot twenty acrei', the general feediDg groond. TUi 
latter ii cabdi*ided by fencM of open ptlingi M dut 
only a limited namber of fowla are allowed to hetd te- 
gelher, and theae are ranged Into dISarcmt aButsieib, 
according to their age, no bird being allowed lo uood 
the dnrvtlOD of fonr yean of life. A.t (be end of the 
fonrth year Ihey are placed b the fatlenhig-coopi fa 
abont three weeks, fed entirely oo cradud grain, ud 
than aent aliTa ts tba el^ of Pari*. 

Aa one item alone k thla Immenie boaineti, it mij 
be mentkoed tbat in the monthi of September, October, 
and NoTenber latt, M. deSora aent nearly I.DOOdoiai 
□f eaponi to the metropolia. He nerer ulowi a In (« 
dt. Tb* breedbg-roonu are wanned by ateun, and da 
beat is kept Dp with remarkable noifoiBiity to 6jt 
erolTed by the fowl during the proceii of iocnbitioo, 
whic^ i) known to then mark higher on the thenmnntMt 
than at any other period. A ttiea of sbeliea, uE 
above the other, fbrm the neeta, while bUnkea in 

Sread orer the i^gi to eidnde any accidental li(tit. 
le hatched chicki are rewoted to the nanery miy 
morning, and frt^ egg* laid hi to supply the pbm eC 
emply ibelii. A cooitalit aneoeaiion it ehiekai* ii 
thna ensored, and, morearer, the featben are tree from 
Termin. H. de Sora permit* the inalea and haaia to 
mbgle freely at all Maabna, and after a fair trial el ill 
the mlaui breed*, ha* cleared hi* e*tabli*hniait of nay 
Shan^iai and CDChiu-China, breeding only fram Ite 
old-faibioned bam-yaid chaatlcleera. He contendi tW 
I the extra eiie of the body and ^ge pertaloing to llM 
I fonigu breed* can only ba produced and mttdncd by 
extn food, while for oapon-rairiDg tha fleeh is aatlNt 
■o delicate nor jnioy as that of the natira breed. Ibl 
mannra produced in thla French eatabliahmcat i* no 
*m*ll item, and lioce it form* the *ery beat (artiilitr hr 
many deacriptioni of plants, it l« eagerly loniht (orit 
very hijib pricea by the market-gardeaer* in theiidnitj. 
Tha proprietor e*timale* the yield of this year it ^wit 
100 cords. [A oord ot wood Id Bn^snd i* eqoil I* 
128 onbhi foet.] Ha employs neirly 100 perMW i* 
different department*, three-fourth* of whom, bowetw, 
are finnBlei. The aale of egg* during the past uiel* 
haa aieraged sbont 40,000 doiaa per week, at the nl* 
of all doaen tor tour &anc*. 

These detail* are well worthy of our aeriona attaotiH. 
Hat the demand for poultry and aggi in thi* eoantty 
far etcceda the native lopply i* atlnoed by the lirga 
amuantof poultry and torcdgn vggt annually aupplifll 
to ni. In 18S2, 235,230,860 egg* ware imported. It 
does indeed seem probable tlut In cerUdn of ear 
localltieB, where snlmal food unfit for human oonnoip' 
tion oan be procnrsd at a reaionable rate, we mlgbl pre- 
fitabi; imitate tha great estsblishmant* of H. oe Son. 
H*8 the effect of giving a eonalderable portion of ;Iil 
in the food of poultry been aacertainad ? Why set 
devoie the aptnit meat of London, and other popalsu 
placet, which 1) now largely condemned at anfit (br 
human food, to a propei^-regnlated eatabUsbmeDl of 
thi* kind } Thn* would the poultry-yard restore U 
u*. In tha *h*pe of wholesome food, what is now sa 
often oondemoed by the inapector to the fire ; end moce- 
over, if once a demand for the poultry-yard aroee in tUl 
way, tha temptation to coodgn apoilt meat to LoediM 
would be dlmluished — the risk now so dangerous to iti 
owner, and tlie consumer, aroided. 



„ Google 



THE FARHBR'S MAGAZINE. 



HIGH FARMING; 
BUT WHERE'S THE MONEY TO COME FROMr 



nbm of tht Wi|[toB Club net UMI; lot lb* pnr- 
M(U| > papct md bj tka pnadnl. Sir Ratart 
t , Od ** Higk Funing I bat vhnt'i tbt naMT to 



So BouKT BbiKO »i1 : In HlKling tbit nlq'ict for 

c : . .1.- _. _!.._ J pj^ «opire n iwninv 

■'"" "■ Bnio ci i] 

itrjaluj 

il wedtta i It I 

w jut ginwcd, with 

— ,, — I own booBiiriil inia crop. (Diidrt Iba nini 

■ilbiiilaiifaoolduddiwTiatBiu; at a oowat wban 
n ikmf, tkaoih damp utaMl crop hu bera MlHog at 1 U. 
H.thtCtriidabiubd, or £1 10*. 81 tba qoutar— I ' 



at npflf attodlai Man, ttaiiof tba (aian'i capital at tba 
If bat Id jMd a bctlct lad laan cntaia praflt. II wa 
1 wa an bound to do aa) tba 
ill aa RfponriblUtiM, vbtnh 
mm ndtipljiag upon ni, v* ibiU ba lad to apprfdate autre 
adUf iha iBportaac* of tka p r aa ta l inqaiij i aad «e abitl 
^ nnek Titk Uw fact— nil kBon, hnt too liul* rallactad 
VB— ttal, in pnpoTtHHi ai extremBlf bi[h prica* aora tha 
*» ■ — it j at lai^ to dcHia that tha apahUtiBi of our aatira 
■1 ifanld be mom tall; da*alopad in otdn to inentia ila 
FnWl'iia of fiiad, ao do aiuij onari, u vail ai enlliraton 
"W ail, abate tbeir atal in pomit at iapi ~ 



aril} (Jattted, tboogh bat partUlIf patforiaed, dorinf tba 
Ml jmmat diOeoUin o( eitiaoalj lo« pricaa. If thii 
Md Mad tika men swattian, tka aridaace aOerdad bf tba 
Ofadilat in dniaafs, aoder Iba ntamneat loan, wtil. I 
■U. ItiTe BO doDbt <n tha point, & in 18S3, wbao vbeal 
n Kb. M, tba qurtat, tba eipanditara oa dfaio^e VH 
UOMt ISa. Bd. It bacaaa in 1SS8, wben vbnt ioh to 
"■U.«djCIH,119 13a. SI.; and drdlDcd (till further is 
lU, aim Iba price me to T2i. U. p«i qniiter, id £3 1 6,320 
.'^U^K ibaot £100.000 la« tliu in 1852. Thitlacl.iD 
■^ ■^XBta to tba paTiieular lotgiet ol drunagcii tha mora 

~'~ii imaliiinj to tank aoooKtha obltKinoni ol tbsowiin 
*d Ki ilw HxepicT of the lead, hot bteiBM it nndarliai and 
■ iIk BcOBirj fooadalioD on which the lannCT can alooa 
■Ur iinat kii capital, or hope (or proBt frooi hi^h farauog. 
u lax, lufh DC liberal firmiag oa v(t land it a deloiion aod 



Hlipoait Tbia pr^tiol flaw aud tmtmeni of the lub 
y aa kudlf be reptefaended when it i< renembcnd thai 
™— tW arcnca anooDt of capital emplojid bj ocenpien 



"WWipplytJ . _., _ 

% eoaldia left via'aalr £1 per acre to ptorida for all tt 
■"•Bpcaditaia on their lanu. 11 £S par acre ha the are- 

^EiBaaat el capital eBpiojed br farBOn in tbi proaeenlioa 
■ Mr Indc, Om I Mj that high lumiag and good prolli 
"■ lapMBMa; aad I rwtber eoBtider thai tej owati wbo 
^a>f>iiau Btbii to dnia 01 to farm wet land, i> pladog 
"iBiat in (ueoHilanoei which cao only lead to the — '- -' 
J™- Sirag tbia prcparad the war fee a elaarei 

oti^j V. ■--BO to add that I 

Lh Terj gnat diffidf 
t> pnaeiple) doobtlol or dilfloilt of applHHIion, but 
M awaia Iba term "high hrBing^hunnfortanatalr 



baooae a bjword of deriaioa aaoogit the gnat bnlk ef praiii- 
cal ajdcaltnriiti. Raapaetfillr I labialt tkia iboald net ha 
■o, I bdiere thit coone ef aetioB hu ariiaa from a Miaappli- 
cation of the tam ' Ugh faming.' Tha applicaboa of nrf 
aapls capital to land onlliTatiaB auat prodaee high iHaiag i 
but whetlier that BBpla aapltal ata^ ptodoee a pnjU oa tba 
oollaj d(peadienliral;apaa tba piaetiealaipeiiraeaaikl good 
judgcaeot of tba nan eairriac os tbe borineH. NemrtMaa 
it il htgh faming, tbosgb it may Dot be profitable teaing. 
Wa may now cone to tbe paint, and cosnder what ia hi^ 
farming in iti trae tenia, High faiaing I taka to Beaa tbe 
act of obtairing frsB aa]P giran land the graatort poaaiMa 



whatenr aMisa, Ihrongh the 
whiterer form. No* to tha proof 
Gina I tim of U aatM of gn 



of capital is aa; ac 



One banfioun 40 , 

£1H) 
Fiodnoi 3S eiille fituJ, eqaal to £a par bead eeat. 
View the nma turn nndei higher faming : 
airaa a farm of H lorm of gran land. 

Bent £100 



10 



£300 



Frodaeo SO cattle graaed, oqval to £8 pet bend eo 
In thaaa two ciampla I hara lo anangad tbam aa 
to make tha eoet pec baad on tbe cattla aqoal in 
(•ch eiM; bat tha reaall will bi found tary diShr- 
cat. In the fliat example, all the monej paid out 
bat left the farmer'! pocket torarer; bat in the Moaod 
eumple half the eipenditore ia ' ' '' *■■- ' — 



ifyoa 



. inhiifi 

'aitt, ift«r piling eipen 
aproBCar^^rtolThuiS 



Man 



will gi 

gain a proSL ol i-'iO off Ihia 






illla TU 



F all tb 



: for, 



I, learinK hli land no 
■aA example ha will 
era. and will leave 
la tfaia oaae be 
-eriout oate onlj lOi. 
itftrCi he glial mach 

^the Hnt lot oraa 
id laboar, he wUl 



be repiid brtheHcaadlotof SOoaltle allhiacc .. .. 
also. PricticallT, the firtt man baa ptid £a per bead for 
tha gdzing of A callle, whilil the 90 calils of the tecoud 
lan haie onlj eotl hioi £'t per head foi giaiing, aud be 
■1 bis land in rerj aaperioi condiCioQ for next jear. Tha 

Uci adopted in '' " '^ " "* ' »--■'---"--■ 

Rool fur fara 

Mih firniiic. _ 

laj for rent. latet, and labour, wonld complain that rente 

too higb.becanae he might not receiTBiafflDientpTaBt 

it hit rieirt, and would oiott likelj think a relnctloD 
It waa tbe ontj wi; left of improrlng thoai proBti. 
The high fanner, on the other hand, giiaiog S3 per cant. 





»(nti what il oalled 


er. The tMond woa1< 


properly bo eallod 


Tba Brat receiving 16 


prr oent. on hii oal- 



ihiii 



t:ajorihe« 









Iwoulddeor the trulhof injrital 
ea tbit renCa on the arcmge are li 

:i9e thil rcnli genenllj ar 

r iho liii'l, bai that the n 

. in other words, that the aierago at 

andth^reroro do not earrjonteoc- 






» 



TUU PAHMBK'S HAGAZINB. 



of the land. Tbii I ua oaaviniwd ia ths trae azpluUioi 
ot Ua appusnt diffioult;. It ii > dugeroiu and loo piara- 
IsDt idu Ihat land giTBi the rent : it ia sot the Una, but 
tha capital inTsBtedio the land, aid»db} the Qumer'ajadg- 
InenV wbigh giiea the rent and praflu A* wdl mi^t it b* 
aaid that the plongh or the fork jieldi the rent. Laud can 
oul; be liewed ai a machine twongh which tb* famet 
piiKBhii capital, wliiBh, wotked with judgment, will torn 
out gooda jiMdin^ a profit. In aeleoting gnaa Uod to ei- 
siii[&fr n^ """'"gi I b»e only done ao became it enabled 
IM to pDt an ""■"fi- in tha ^mpleat Ibrm. Arable fknaa 
aM gnemad bj eiautlj the aame law i bnt en them aa; 
exaaiplaa woold hare become maoh more eomplei and in- 
tdoata. Nuthar do I iriab it lo be iDppoaed that the oatlaj 

npraaent the euot aiunB either of expenditure or reoeipta. 
Uj objeot hai been to aimpli^ aa maoh as poiaible and 
make mj maauing clear, aotnat the great guiding principlea 

iMt iiaht 0^ bj enlning into umrnte detaili. In all ; toba- 
bilitr eame vho heai me nuj miitake or misapply roj re- 
tvarfca: to looh I aaj, atej joorjadgniBQt and uunktwico. 
To aoma praeUeal and boneit meamng men mj liewa may 
appear TUionar; and aimplj ridianlooa, beeaoae they 
piMaibly may be opposed to all their own pi«eonceived 
praclieea and ideas; to inch I say be alow to condemn; 
but it there be any point yoa cannot onderstandi aik me 
to BXplain, Bad I ^ull aheerfaUr do ao. All I request ie, 
that the qoMtion of high brmiag may not be diacoiaed and 
ooodemned upon miitakan or ftlae piemiasa. High farm- 
ing ia too gtoat and nJoaUa ■ aa^aet to be li^tly aon- 
dnnned. Itia tha ml j door now open thnni^ whi^fu^ 
meracanadTaneetoa* (a uiable then to keep paoa mlh 
the neoeadttea of the tdnaa. To the oammenual, mtnofiu)- 
tniing, and trading eommaniliei, the prinoiple I bars been 
adrooatlng la a oommon and CTeiy-day £u». Why ahoold 
it not be eqnalli ao loyoaf Yon ata bat ai tradesmen or 
maDnfluttuvn; jona^andbuy; yoq njannfactore yonr 
gooda eqaallf «ilh them, thoagh yon select land as yanr 
mannfcwniy, baoMua beat auitad to yonr rearing and know- 
ladse i yet U ia the same t> too as hJa shop is to the retail 
dealer; hiamiliand maohloei^to Ihemannfkttorer; hii 
warehoua and connting-hooas to tbe merchant ; his home 
and ooDstar to the banker; lit tools to the meehanie. 
Each and erei; trade preaenta only a different fi>rm of 
maehioeiT fiir m^iog an intarot or proflt from saptttl 
potieased by the oaer. Thanfbra, impima it Indtdiblj apon 
7aartninda,that It laoa^tAlonlj, inonsahueoraaother, 
trlilch giTca (ha proBt ; all other things are but aa maana 
enabling na to aoeontpUah Uiii naceasuy reanlL In eon- 
dodlng & Ont balf of onr aalgaot, let me now auinmaiiee 
what hai gone bafbto. "High Faroln^' 1« bert fbr the 
nation at laige, beoanae it pioridea a Tmi)inm ii of baman 
find. It is the best for the landlord, bacaoae it ensnrea 
him the hlgheit and most ri^ularly paid rent (or hii land. 
It la the best for the tenant, beeaoae It nrea him the grealeat 
intemt for, and iccntity to, hiscapital, with tbe least pes- 
aibla drudgery lo himself. " High Farming" praotieally, 
bat only nltimately, increaaea rent to the landlord, at tbe 
aam* time that It riitn^ deeraaaea rent, rates, andlaboor 
M the tarmar. " High Fannino" foroea from the land the 
""" "il of food »■ " ■ ■ 

mplisl , . ,, . 

It of strength and richneaa 

Bspable of assimilating, by meaoa of tbe tsiioiu maoares, 
■uitable (or ila oompasition, and the requirements of the 
planta grown opon it. Haiing now eipluned to the best 
d( my pover, ud I hope clearly, abat 1b meant by " High 
Fanning," with the pnnmplea neceaaary to bring aboDt that 
remit, 1 dull proseed to ahow " where the money ia to 
Come (jfom," In answering and expl^aing this qnestion 
do not All a moment anppose I am aboat to ahow you aoma 
hidden hoard of readj-comed shining toTeteignB from which 
joa may anpply jooi wania, or that I am about to show yon 
■nj amooth royal road to >aalth. Man was told in the 
baginnJTif, " lo tbe sweat of thy brow shalt Ihoa eat breai." 
To thla we matt *U sabmiti whether we like it or not ; bat 
in obaying Ihia nnlTeivl and silatarj law, we nsTerthaleta 
ban It in oar po««r to nnder It more or leaa irksome, 
B«n OK Ida jpnAWUft TanakeUbialikBamBMLdman 



le remarks I am about U offer, 



IbI may present itaell, Cnmberiand brmen prolcu to 
think they htn no spare capital for improiemant by " Hi|b 
Farming.'' I anawer, if it be admitted that a little lud 
thimed wall ii battar tlan a lai^ area only half cidliTUed, 
then there ia liule weight la this aigamant. Motbiog iin 

rtefol or liberal iiir londnesa shown it aa land. Fuieu il 
bigh and liberal manAgemeot and it will as surely fitim 
yoa; hnngsr it and Hwm himgeryoo, and there Kill ii 
that case be notUng left wherewithal to feed yon. Do nri 
kill the gooae in therein hope olobt^ningthegolleneggi; 
bat preierre il, feed it, fstten it ; for *o m like prcponioD 
will yon raceire its ample, nnlimittd, and golden ailL 
Capital mnitl be coocentnted by employing It npon i kn 
amoantof surntee. Lot the 200-acre fanner conlne tiiih 
self to lao. Tbe ISO-acre man to IIX) acres. ironllDuilj 
good fanziing will b»»ly pay, we may be qaite Sara low or 
poor farming wilt aaon lead a man Into nun. Siifpo<t > 
man to eomiaence to farm 100 icrea with a capital if iM, 
equal to £6 per acre ; from Uua capital he may obUUD ■ 

C&l, mora or less, according to Ms capacity fi:ir msnigiiif 
d. But BDppoae that matead of 100 ai — ■- " 

spread this same capitsl over a snrrace of 

lo £1 per acre, woiJd he not be called a fool 

ia not this very lame plan carried out on nearly all on 

Cumberland farms, in a greater or leas degree, saildMi 

not the qneiUon, " But where is the money tooome&oio^ 

too faithfully eonQrm this Tiew? Beduce jour >Dr(i«,uil 

thaainoreaaa tbe power and ptoBt of yonr capital. 

moans yon radnoe yonr outgoings ia re"' "'" *"''■ 

which amonnl o[ capital aaied, you ci 

to be appUed to your lessened siifccB, from which jon i 

derlia much more profit than from your preTioo' 



X) acres, MUl 
T WeHilfiu, 



it, rstes, andltlniir; 



Capital paid a< 



t and n 



nlitde 



proQt, but the same amount npended in msnnre cnrislKi 
and blesMS the tpender. In exempUfioalion of the time 
let ui reiert to our eiamples in ■• High Farming," TJ" 
first example was that of an crdlnaiy jog-trot farmer *lii> 
lakes his AO acres of grass land- He msnurea not, he m- 
prores not, believing that it Is the land only which jieUi 
tbe profit; who, faithful to his belief, satisfies his dii< 
heartened spirit by fiadiDgeveryboay in Omit but himifll— 
hit landlord (or exacting toomnohi«nt; tbe magislnlM 
for wsatefitl eipendltare of county rates, hardly earned vj 
the awesi q[ this poor farmer's brow i the OTCrseer toraM- I 
ing upon tha poor and charging him with too mach pow , 
tate, both of which ritea, he iaoonfidanlly certain, he oniU i 
bare laid oat maoh mote economioallj lumeeU Had Un 
man, instead of finding butt with every thing and eiiq 
body, immediataly redn«d bis holding to one-hdt be "™ , 
bsve found himself in possession suddenly of scifficieAt 
available capital to psy for a good manuring to bu iand i 
thus doubling its prenons prodnotlon, osnying his [^vioM 
□umber of cattle, se well ■■ doubling bis percentage on UK 
rent, rate, and labour outlay. Oentlemea, my paptr il ■ 
short one, but so also is the principle I have been adro- 
eating a simple one. It ia alniple and amall, like ibetbiT 
spark appUed lo ■ magaane of gunpowder, urtiich in ' M^ 
plosion may convolse a district. Bo dao may this saw 
but mighty prinoiple of money-making wbieh wo are DOW 
diaouasing either enrich or convolae tha world. 

Ur. ToasnT, ofthePow, aaked bow it woold be if w 
thebrmers in Eoglaud went into the marketsi onceM 
tliree pounds worth of manore per acre. 

Sir RoBBBi said be went into the thing broadly, not h 
detail. He did not meet a trouble or dilficutty half-a-mileini 

Mr. Banks satl that he was in hopes that some oae wesU 
have risen alter Sir Robert, to show what he agreed wilK 
or what he disagreed with, for he wsa sore it wsi tbtii 
president's wish that they ahould pepper away at his Yf"' 



He hi 



voiOd Bl 



aay what he had to say, and not wiile anooyiDOU 
letters to the newip^ers ; it would be maoh mora faoneat^ 
able for him to do so. Ho eoold not lay that ht di 



with the prtaidsat, Indeed ha qmte a^raed wbh bin er 
L._v .._:.-. i._. gi, Eob«rt hti. lotaniadaff the qoert 
tnoMT to Mm* frotBitturt Iwcoiimm 



^ '"""EI 

high (Uniingj bat'8irBob«rtiuiliotiffnadafftbsqiM»<" 
of where waa tba tnoMT to earn* frotB>ttial b««oiiMi<* 
Mf ftnytUng. 



_ ,1b, Google 



The Viea-rmamiwn mU ha «siUd 4dd but litUa ta tlu 
MT loaiBaM tod flBlowpUoal addmi whlah thar had 
^ k«ud, bst than wart ana or tn wliiU irtdeh bal 
ijipared la him that fas btA aot bwdad apon. Ha had 
IM Mated partianiadfvhataonatitntadhish ftvmlBg. Hd 
tluaglit he ««id that ft wm to obuin ths Kreatatt nliu for 
Um kad tbM liiaj ooold. Now what had ihaj to da after 
-"" - ■ "■ 'a oileakaf TopHlnaaingB 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 

awl w^ did niital 






rathe; b 



■11 their itrair > Polp all their Inmipi ? Were thaj (o 
irnit cooifortaiila oottagaa for their laboursn? II aa, 
mU might the; aaj "Wbeie hu the moaej to come 
from 1" Ha thought that if fanning waa foar)d to 
be profltabla tbu mane; voali laoa be foilhcoming. 
Whj ihonJd they not gel mone:r, a* "eU as it ooald bo 
ntbr drvnisf bo( lud, forinakia| riilaari, and, u it wai 
amai, lor eatperon and kinji T If it iren pioittabli to (innd 
^M land, it vonld *om eome ; bat he thoo^t it woafd be 
diOcnll ta lad mimtj to iBprore tba vhola of tba firty-iii 
■Oiioa una ol iraprsTable lud. There (era aome ficis in 
the fnridtnl'i addreu which he ihoald like to call to mind. 
Nov ahat was the Eut with ttaoM who had nude i little 
asDiT in ranDiac ? (k nin: Sjwad it.) The; did not do 
n Ur. Ucdd did—aell half a[ their lud to pa; for the other 
hilL He thin|ht that noit of the farmen ia thia diitriel 
hid flcalj of uooa;, and he thowht that Uuaa who hid 
phi^ Dt mom; wan not n mndi better lannen tbu thow 
wlu kad aot. In the pariih wbeie he roided, moet of the 
lean owned tha lud. CertaialT it did not [oilow that the; 
hi Bee* aan^ i bat he thon|i>t the; were little heltn 
bnm UUD thoao who did sat on the lend the; fanned. 
Tkej ihonU not ooaader a Udni in a partienlai p^t at tww. 
Hi tiunfht cheir preadeat had been Tei; caiaral — Im eara- 
hi; batititiha hitd not ifaowii where the mooej waa tocone 

Sir BoniRT Bniaco eud that wUla aome of the other 
padenuu ware thinking of whit thej wonld aa;, he would 
■tia a few mnerkt on what aone of^tbe ipctkEia had aaid. 
nMofall, Hr. Teidiffhadaiked him a qneition, bat which 
^1 Utile NdaldBratiau, uiwered itMlF. 7^ koew that 



Uti daaaod would toU. "A . „ 

eui pt then. For himialf, ha oaTei idoutted the eiiatenee 
°( la lapoeiibilit;. Whm it eoDea, meet i( i ruquiib it if 
JM on i and if j on caaaot, then it ia time enongh Co adm^t 
K. Sir SobeTt then went on to tpcak of whit hid been uid 
■boat hifh fanoine hiTiig bees tried. Well, irtihcial ma- 
lana bad bean triad, ud the; bad been a treat miatike, but 
tk^ had aba bam (teat hita. Where wouTd much ol their 
mr laad hare been had it not been for the attlSdal macom T 
Bal if ha, u a farmai, were to go and buj artiftdal muaiea, 
nj utiate of aoda, and ahould pnt anne on a li(ht, clean wnI, 
■d tha BCit npoa a wet, beaTj, da; aoil. what would be iHe 
aaaaqaMce T He woold find the nitrata of >od« put upon 
tae Ufht aoil had blown awa;, bat he ihopld lee that npoo 
Ue dajr aoil imptne it. What did that ibowf It ahow^ 
tU he ltd DOC kBov hla burioaia. He conld onl; aa; that 
theaaa who hid tried them in a pt^ii ainaer wonU find 
uMi la luwcT. Nothiig Tarifiad the pd^udice U (armera 
ifBart artiidal suoHei ao mch aa inaoo. He remciBbcred 
no, on ita Int dtacoraij, it waa atatad that a mbiII pocket- 
Hi eoald altMat manoi* a tctd. Bo and hia tiieada tried it, 

«y tartiliiii] 

a naighbaail 

- lat aflei , _. , , 

Id Snj loDe of Ilia eart* he met ban 
• oellof nuo; bat U naad to ha eoveied up, u if Oitj 
•wa abiid <rf ita bong laen. M Grit be wii told that he 
ni 1 ro^ iBd that ha waa bore with a ailvci apoon in hii 
■MIL la BMiv theae micmtaa, it uqoirad a Taat imouat of 
eQebava to hsow tba aort U land a pirtiealu muure wu 
ttta. n« mij^ (brow their minareaWl, and let it iiu 
Ol duBis o( baneiting the lud ; bat let them take nre (hat 
Ilej did not TiiiQ their crop. Then aa to opiUl, hii friend 



■ha fiahad le ba a high (anaei faud that he bbK ban eapi- 



off Wh;, It waa aMBar. 

whD ftmuihed bnua fi>- 
■iatiad fae mora than goU. loc aaowf waa of ao naa witkoot 
bnia. llaB laboor waa eafital; IntaUigiMoa waa eaj^; 
a;c, and eloea altaatiaa wae eapttaL The man wha wortai 






allnto 



hia land; bal (ha man who had intelUifBee a 

votkad hard *■ mil, laed a laigac aaiitel, ao to apeak. A 
poK maa |«tng on M a tern aaat lake laid aeeoidnf ta Ua 
aaeana. It waa not tha lui wbkh (a*e tha <nvi it waa 
what wae put into it. Tha lud waa joet the aiae ae ■ tool in 
the haad* ol the warhman, se tba macUD* in tha hinda of tha 
(inner. A aau who baa aDl; £100 mul not l>7lof|0atthi 
Binu nto aa tha Man who h«B £100. IT t aw bu oil* 
£100, he mnat bring himaalf dowa to what hia maaaa will 
aeeompUih. He moat eonaidai boa he ia to d« with It ao aa 
to iDctaaia it, and he onel not da thia b; i^porarlaUag Om 
land, or ha will iapareriah Umaalr. He maat ti; le aniisb 
the land. Had th^ Mt aaea e Ban who hafaa witboat a 
penn; liaa, and gat abora tba wian who had bean ■ bom witii 
a ailtar apaon in hia Boath." It waa baoaaaa he famd with 
and aaODrding to hia aapiliL Retniaiig to tho 
" fuNing, tha praaUaat eald : Hh;, thai* ie 
- baag it,ba iiaabadaaufol ;oD. Wbj 
■ nieroii -" ■"'- 




Tinccd wJiara the aetit; waa to come from. He thought ha 
Bodentood the preadeal that a diu with e aoiall eipilal waa 
to allow it to frueli^ b; little and b; little, aO that in time ha 
conld take ■ biggii farai. 

Bit BomKT BaiBoo aaid it might mu that ar it nught 
not. Thaj onght to do aa the; did in the eonmareiil world — 

apread ; ba hid Jack wotting in oae Beld, ud Bill ia asotiiar 

■aid half a mile off, and be eoirid not be in two plaaea at one*. 

Tbe R«. Canon BoDsaON aaid ha had eooM to lean) 

and waa aoyw (hat u law piaelical ttrmim bed 



apon Iheland; hatkonght the; onght aU 
llr. HodnoB went on to epeak of (he * 

, bad, the btiur not onlf 
it of waeda, bat ha allawed'tbe tikei ta ha men axpoaed aad 
aet free. Ila ipika nf thi antinn if Knii if Tiriiiiii kiala anil 
manotaa oa lande, udthadleet it had whubatbwaia applied 
tagietbet. Some knowledge of eheoietrr waa Beeeeearjti be 
a goad brmar. Thcif prakdent had told tbm that ha aboold 
ael go iaio delaile ; bat he eboiU hare been glad it ba bad 
ahowa tbam bow high fanaiog wit to ba applied to amall 
tirma; for in high (ammg the; had not onlj to hare muat^ 
bat thai had to hare mpfauawla, tad (Ue tatk men capiteL 
He knew 1 mao who triad high (armies oa a email farm, with 
a amall capital, bat (ernt that laoal of hii capital waa to lie 
idle [or a long tinu, aad ndaed himaalf. ThaRlOTe be ahonU 
like M knowliow it waa to ba applkd. For Initaoee, tha; 
eonld not hiea a acaam ploogh 00 a uaall fum— not ae ■ mw 
whom he knew, • bo had a thrm o( tWT hondred aciai ia foul 
&tU: Bpaakiugof the wa; in which ea^td might be railed, 
Mr. Uodgeoa tnt ba oaea met a Oin who aaid llut there wu 
no wa; ao eat; of obtaining moat; m b; a Joint-etnck bank, 

Mr. WiLTBID L&WeOK aid tblt eren if he had had aa; 
itrietntce to make on tbe nendent'i paper, he ahonid bare 
been warned b; the fato of^lhe (ica-ekairmu, ud net beee 
mute them. At the aaae time be mnat aa; that he wai not 
BWte esniioced Ihu hir. Qrainger wai where the Done; waa 
tocamcfiam. Aa he undentool Sir Robert') paper, it went 
to abow (hat (he mono; that the faraaaee here ie aot applied 
in (he heat manner. Be nadentood i{ to ba that the; eoald 
q^ thair e^M baltar it tlw; woold aot la>r it oat ote* aadi 



THE FAKMKR'S MAUAZIN£. 



o UiM for Ui npitaL 
Dm, Sir Robnt d J not 



■ luga UH. He tboBflU Uut Uh pmiikiit nwut Uut tba 

iuoari Uinl to [n^ too Bacta. lie 

mm thonld taka > tun whifli ' 

Aj Io >lNrt tht Hiiek ni M o 

gin ttwn uj u«>n Io tbtl liItU quntioa. 

SirBo»iKT: I haw Kintd j uawoed it. 

Mr. LiwaOH mU h* bop<d Iku tha IneiiMkiii aif ht da 
moAfOod. ThtntedbttnigiMdwlofdiKuuoiiin Ihii 

Kof lh( ooantry bUlT, wbkh k*, hniag Iwcd from hana, 
Dot tko pIniBro i^ k«ru|t. Tbtf b*d bid AUcnnu 
IfaAi IBODCM (btB, ud ka Ikoufbt aur of hia rmuki 
iwj (Md ; bnt ho tlwii|bt Uot the** itnal ■ninlt«nl 
■dtkoriliM liid do»s too rird nln to bo opflivbla to tko 
' — " " — --- -'i Bmoi mifht bi vtxj diffonnt 



_.. „ itj 

wrald come wkoo itnm ploaihiig voiU b« tbi ndo. Wc 
«UkiHw thattlHnwuaplM>l««nritluog.aDdiBiUGeMi 
iadh!Ujlu4cvei«Boitb«plMMf«tb«*tMBploafh. Wt 
luTS bid I tteOB ploogb in (bi* ujckboarkmd, wUsh hid, ho 
tboogbl, budir bMa eqod to Ooozpoidilat*. Itkadhudl;, 
bo Ibon^t, doBO lb* grtat IUbp ii^od from it (uiiliDf, 
ud lookiDS toatrdi Ui bnthn, Itr. Wm. litviM, irbo b*i 
boa th« flnt to inlrodoco Um iUhi pktogb in Ha atagbbom- 
hood). WkH bo oraridortd tbol, ki ni naiodid ol u 
■MOdota af ■ kons drater. who Hid a korH to i gnitlmw. 
Whoa tbi barciin wo* node, th( satloiun uid, m the horM 
wu idd, tba dalei n^bt jait tell bin cindidlT whit CmIU 
h mllf hmi. ~ Well," uid tht iaia. " ho onlj k» two 
tiilU; *hou b* ii oBt in the hid bo if lorj bid to tatch, 
ud wboi TOO bafi anght him ka ii of no Die." So it oai 
witk tko (loom plooib t it wu 1017 tipoo*in to git, and 
>hM it WM iM, it no tmj bid to get to work. Spaaking 
•T tba jodUdaaa oppliealioo of oapital to rand, U r. LawMo 
■aid ba hapad 10 w* Ibo dir wkao mora npitil ihonld be in- 
Taatad. na motatkej alldid Is cfaaapcn food for tba ptople 
Iho botlw. Ho Dioagbt that Iba paper toad br tka proideiit 
wo^ land ta idraDCO Ibo day, lud bq^ad to uare a rota of 
ttaaka to Bu Robert BriMO for hiTiag eontribotod It. 

Mr. lAMMRT, of Wiglaa Hall, uid ho hoped tbot it we* 
not nte u iary that IboM vbo i«m to addnu the mcoliog 
•bonld be nptctod to be teacbora. Ha did not know wfait 
WH a pnetieal faniB; bat ht Iboiuhl that the ram who 
Ibimed low aad the man who tumai bi(h wore aacb practical 
hnpen The pteaidoDt took ap high brBiagi tba liea- 
nraaident linmnd low farmtBg. Tba prteident enoooraged aa 
ideawhleb, if eaihodoot.wooldleankaKof tba oooatrr mt 
at cahifBliaa. [1 Voice : No, aa.] Sunij ihii mnit ba the 

I. .k. r . . '^im&g too Kucb load. 

... „.. ^j 



eaao. If Ibo raraan are at pneeat larmiaa too >uc 
who io to fhm Iba olhiT hdf ? [A. Voica: Other te 



Hetb 



wboie tbe etbai teDUU won to cone from. Tbaf mnit ilio 
ba able to ihow a prolt, for tbe qaaetlos leeolted itealt iota 
(bit, Doea faimiag pof , ei doei it Dot f He thangbt with tba 
Tice-picndant that, it tanilag wne proBlible, tba capital 
voold 1000 ba brtkoomiag. Tbij hid "liaiKd liibilitj" 
eompaoia* of alliiiBd^ aad a TteUaai crop of ttkemei in ararj- 
Ihiag aieept agiienltiua, aad b« thooght that ir it had pud 
thaj would bate bad the ease for agiienllnie. Bnt if hifh 
laimiBg wao aot proltablo, bow woald it ba with low farmiDg ? 
ICr. Lamport laid be bad bbtct Diet with a farmar who kept 1 
rropoi Ht of hooka, lad ba Ibooght thit po faraift coold uj 
wbatber hii Farm ware profitable or not. He thonghl that 
bigb tumiog wu not prolllabla becBou capital did not cone 
to it, and that low Ihniung wat not pnBlable bacaoie they did 
Dot gather np moDBj. Agricultan. he Ibanght, wu itilionii j 
in tbii eoBBtrj isuiDpt iiiill faraer*. Tbii wu 1 mclio- 
Aolj itata of things and, cooibiaed with Ibe eiodna rrm 
Irdand, lei to tba cooudentioB of tha qneation u to whalher 
the land Iham wia actnall; worth cnltintioB it ill 01 Bot. 
Haihould be glad if aar firmer cooid letlhiBi kiiTcal protli; 
it wavU help tham to coma to cogeluiioBi better. 

Mr. RiDLiT, of Carliila, uid he Ihoo^ht, before bigb 
hrmiBz cootd bo cairiad oat to the eiteBt to which the pra)i- 
dent Hid It OBght, tbit the laid oaght Io he pn^wrij drained, 
and Ike farm baildiagi nmodalkd, ThCB he would juat uk 
tba qneitiaB, could the whole prodnca af tba land bo coBlnlDad 



OB tha fans? 
ailj men in tht 






« adopt the iaprond ■^•'■■k He 

- - man to inproia a fun 

It aboBld pat aomethiiig 



tage of the iatalligBca of tha tai 
iBto the pockata al tha laadlecd. 
no Vioi-CHAiaNAN laid that 



thoqoort 
ihonld bi 



■a tboagbt Alt Ike (mm 



tiled to follow ihi Pieudeal in hit rcmaAi, bnl ibll hi 
thonghl that tba odIj direct uiwer to thaqaeatiea,"WhaiA 
Iba meatjr la eoae (rem?" bad come from Cuen HodpN, 
vboB be laid tha jeint-itock huhi. 

Tna Ber. CmoN UonesoM ucoBdad tbe rota ef thiali 
to tbe Preiidrat. 

SirBOBiET ratoncd Ihanki, aad ra^iad to acne tf thi 
reoaikt which hil been madi daring tha diMoeuoo, lad ki 
wii glad to nj iodu pcitiaent qnutiOBi had ben pn(. 1> 
to tha runarki of tha gcnilaman from Cailiale (Ui. SHiif), 
hathoBght haeoold not ha(a been IB tbe roomwhei ''~ " 
pert of hia paper wai read, aa be bad derated agi 
it 10 that fbnndition of all good [arBiing, diainaga. 1 
uid ao, and alao that it waa really 1 landlord'a qudtiia i >~h 
ba bowd, waa on antwat Io tbat qnutiOD. Aa to the Mb> 
qaiMiant,if hehid gone ialo nintitf ha migbt bara UlM 
ootil ba had no roice. KroiTtkiog eaitblj bad Io ba gnidel 
bj priuciplr. Whatarer waa wasted came; wkucKr 1 
ckiBge wu Deeded il uae. Bo with faim faoildiagi, it Ihar 
bad beiB needed the^ would bare bna boUt, bat ha did Ml 
think that high laraiDg nquited more farm baildinga tin 
low farming doee. He did not appiore ol many of hia on 



cat pan if 
. HTkd 



farming di 
. rm baildingi, but ha wu not going I . 
£12,000 oral re-boUdiBg Ikn on hia farma, nslil beuattal 
tber wire irqnired, aad he had tha right nMnlopatum 
them. He did not let faia farma nurelj M the bighait MMr. 
He alwaf a wiibad to be loie tbat bo wao a *a e maa. Ba&D 
ba Itt BBjoiaa hnn, biaezecUent atewanJ, Mi. Kaj, aut It 
ace tbe iifle tha nan farmed in, and he took earelohaftt- 
fcctlf wtitted hofoia he let hia farm. If ha ioBod lua aha 
cBBld firm well he ihoold lay oat the noiey, hal ut til 
then. Soma mcB would want la^e barai, while uotkit 
wDDid aij I Dateh bam wu the Ihiog for bin. Tha oain 
of the land mnal judge for hisutlf how hia land niU he is- 
proted, Bod how hia mooey u to be upended. Thoi Vka 
Pnndcnt wai moit ptrtinacioni in otwking to old opiaim 
Heutalhat Ur. Hodgioa wai the only one who peiatld Ml 
ho* tbe mopey waa to ba got— boa tba }(OBt-at«d haikii 
bat if ao, eomtbody woald hara to iweat (oc it Hentnrir 
tended to abov them a pit full at Boaay, out el whith thq 
might help Ibimadfaa; bat tba capital be apokeof matl> 
prodaeed by Ibemaelna obC of thmr own laboor, and b yllitk 
own intalligenc*. He wu aorry Io hear tb^ Cariuk ftimi 
talk abonl pnCiing tbait moaty inW Iba landlord^ paiUii 
To talkoftfaattoCnDbeclud taimen, who weia nN tack t 
Ht of foola la to let loybody put thnr hud iDtOtbcir pKM. 
A landlord, howerer, moat bare the rolia o( hia land, ud Iti 
farmara brm for their own proBt, aad thay eookl sot do M 1 
wilbont improTJng tha ralne ol tbe land. Ki Jtctot tm 
bow Mr. Coke, of Noifolk, managed in laUJag bit lead. Ua 
hid inenOHd the ralat of hia timily tatatet IbrcateM. Ht 1 
woflid allow no imaut to go open a birai nnlete bo (nald fint \ 
to him that be bad tolflcitnt capital for it, bnt foand bin ni 
iDilad to hit moui. Ai Io the eibjeet ol impkBenH, 8k | 
ira matter for a paper of ittalL W 
an implement Dpon tboludan t* 
nre to macb ia labour." There wu Mr. Williaa lawiea : ht 
did not pnt a ileem plough apOD bii land to ihow tbaB hi* I 
it waa poaHbla to work II ; it was to see it atetm coUaR *■* I 
more proRtabla ihaa bone power; aid ha looked Bfoa lb. 
LawaOB aa a gnat benefactor Io thiacoaoty, at agrcatoatto 1 
himaalf. In eoBclaaioB, tba PreaideBl aaid tbaia «<n <oa 
queitiimi which be bad no idea of ihirhtng, bnt it tbaf m ' 
thit paper for their lait there might be (00 papcn aritit* 
npon 600 diftrent q«aliona ; and whcB they had ufirtMnlT 
(otlled tbatr, ihcy woald find theBeelru rary win aat •■ | 
deed. 

At the doae of the meelrag, Mr. Lamport, odTiiloa&ifli | 
agreed 10 read a paper dd "The commaiciBl ipinl 'Wj* | 
to faimiBg ; er, an aoawor to tka aniiaiiy, ' Baa Ike OfO' 
lor iBpiOTODieiitimaybeoblaia^dT"' 



Bobeit aaid that ai 



CiOo^le 



THB FARMER'S MAGAZINB. 



GROWING, STORING, AND CONSUMING ROOT CROPS. 
KINGBCOTS AGRICULTURAL ABBOCUTION. 

pOMd lo tba lii. Tba width ot the ridga 01 



Mr. J, Bnnstl iDtradnecd the tnbjtct ht dununoB. Mr. 

Kr. Bdrhitt md :— HtriDggaa pnrioiK ocaiicm istio- 
dgctd tu diKBuicD tbc mbitei of ii>u|ald colcintiea, >j 
mcki thii ncBisg will applf thicflj to ths nltiiilion of 
■ndn ud tanip^ tbo ncoMldl growth o( wbkk depends 
■an npM lUMlan Ihu, p«ha|M> that •>( ur otkar crop ; 
kaa wc lad thoaa loolitiH with tb« gnatart filli of isin 



■UK pndaetira. The ogil ^ 

BoUaul and tba North of Eocbud an 
tta iij itmoipbcn of lb* Boatltcatt 



; ptAapi,r< 

WDf &tlh* 



BioK uiled, while 
Englaad it brttti 
li stamOj. Tb« 
ronrabla fur looli. 

bB' u « Twy familial oh, hut it mij nui MjtliiBi i( we 
»t lo bdim a ■talenwat o( Hr. HuKbIa, that it ii poauble 
Id float ■ root eiop aV & dial tible. I belieie rooti ob 
i* pndaotd on aiij nil, ind that on inble fumi thej an 
iidiipcauUt. A food turnip »il U ■ bruh or land; loam, 
>itk 1 pcrmu anbnil, which ii ei>f work for two honei to 
pl^b, dri« qnickir after nin, and yet doei not bnm in dry 
waUer. Swtdca will flonriih on a heiTier loil Ihin Inniipi. 
■luch ii eoniiatcnt with thdr ibwar and ErDar Uitare. Until 
Ik lut ihrei leaaoni mucoid bat necacded on ilmott in; 
nil, tuept mj lif ht und* and granli. Tba lodi beat nited 
for Uma an rich loamt, cUf*; loam, and food paat teait. 
0> hni; landa wbeca iwadei wd lonipa an uiMartain, nrj 
lv)[i eropi an pndaoad. Tha giaat nont o( aU not ooj 
|i»iig » to hit (ha anaaa, and tUi eauot ha done anlaa 
n m nadf tat it ; thara fa ra do tina ihoald ba loat aftu the 
DDpt >n all> whathat hf ht or haaif land, in iMnag tha enlti- 
wn DC paling phmgh act to woth (tha (Dtmail p<BAir),gaiog 
irat eric it ia diSnaot diiection*. CBltfraluic u piriiiK 
■uwin lencal DiefDl pacpoHa; it arreati tba ooodi rooti be- 
ta tkaj hn* a deap bold ot tba graoDd; the wutof *ii knpa 
Ite nMi neu tha aarhea wbes tha com ta growioc. and in- 
Mail (I baiTiag thaa kaapi thna on the t^, ceadf f« the 
tuBm to work. Altar a few dc; days all the rnbbiah on be 
>aUe(a>dbatBadiDlu|abaapa,>wl«a^kBow bowawfal 
nhn an to ail with actildal nunaiaa. Ths biaaUng of the 
nrfiei ml in tha anloDa ii of great adc aalaga lo the wsTking 



inat iaportaoea. One nut operatioa ia to bare t1 



le epring i* of 



>in«ni << wbaeliag ia 
oiUt ia a wet dob); mi ii Iha ijilem of hiTiog one jar'i 
iui ia haad. Tbasrr laaihi at thii, bnt pnctieil beta an 
■nMun thii)^, I need birdljr laj tse Kxuur the land ii 
Iil«|had tbe bttlar. The depth muil depend oo fonr uil, 
•'Imgh I an an adToctca (di deep ploaghing Sat root erapi, 
IittobiBk all tha pan, n whilenc it naj b< called, that ic 
telwno the ocdinarj depth of tnmw and the neh, I do not 
^Anm. Eipeneneo and Lhe Lhaocj ol plDnghiof all Hnfi ten 
o Inin iaelwa deep do oot iccei. Once (ilouf had, or oaee 
nltimedia tha spring, will, ia Boat caui,beanl&dent,«beu 
lla bad has bees kit in a good itaU after aatama ealtin- 
tin. If Bach work ia ceqnnd in tha ipring the Buatiue 
nUenpecatc^ theemlbeeoneaaoloeeaaadb^w.or aobicd 
«d pirif.lhat tte OOp of nwte become a derided naeer- 
tnitj. 

ArrLTMo TBI Hakuki.— Ia «U the moit itKcaaifhl 
'oetfiaaiag loealiliaa the ridge ijilen ia ioTiriablj adopted, 
tyii'B'raid daag and partof tha artifidil munn bnog pat 
■■■dt. tsjKiallj whea gaano i> mad, that it may not come 
n teatKt with the Bead. Boaaa an iIm better pal ioiids ; if 
■It. tae note oanj a large qaantiljF of Ihepi away, A miilue 
tf Inm-jnd aiuian and actifidal) an better tliiD either Krt 
•^M IbHsaelrea. Then li alnagreit ndraDtagc ia the 
nip iTMaa oubling tha honajraa to ba worked at a nnch 
<*w picied, wbeteby Iha weed* an destrojed and a new 






of enltintian I ban mentioned only applies to 
.....u.>.,..u ..ler a ilnt crop. Tntnipi alter laiafoiD la a 
gncnl nile on the Cotawold HiUf , and Iha lyitera of pnpac- 
\af the land it wonby of iiaitalioD : iltboagh at fint tight it 
maj appear nrj expastiie, yel I belitTe it it tbe moat acono- 
mial •yitem. [Hr. Boraelt fit detaili ol the tyitem, ind 
thiD itilediawnat eiiei a green ipring crop can be pioGtibty 
intiDdDoed befsn tha roa^ ciap.] On (armi when a large 
dock o( thsep ii kept, it ii Tiiy sdTiiabla lo ban a ipriBg 
oop, s^ at TCtcbn. cja, or npt, lo lupilj food after the 
moil an ealeo, lod bdbn then it (nffleiant (nas. This tan 
only bi done when the land ia perfietly dean, aid of a ncuhy 
uatnn. Tha impoiaibilily of elaaniig tha land, either befon 
or after, bat hitherto been, and I faai will be in most leajoni, 
a grnl hindiaoee to a large breadth bcisg town. In thaaiy 
it u nry good, that iailead of land being idle m long, il might 
a* wall ba prodnoing sometbiag for tbe itoeli ) bnl u tha ina- 
csaitol prodnclioo of Iha not cnp it the Bnt itep toward pro- 
fitabli larmiog, ws moit be onfol to pnl no impcdimsuli ' ~ 

tbe ■>}, and |{ tbe rrsen crop it It' 

•owing, althongh 1 ban gr( 

•oil ia an aaiy walking bnah, free horn weeds, wfaieb caD be 
•own with lalebea imaadiately after himiU (o aa to ba ready 
earl]'. 1 hey an then ol great raloe, and the aoil will hare 
time for the nacaaaary nat bafon the tnrnipi an sown. 

Tui TiMB or BowiNO.— Ttoit raiiti with the ctinal*. 
The farther north or lhe eeldei tbe elioata, lhe earlier ought 
to bt tba data of sowing. The lime for sowing iwedcs on tha 
Cotawold Hdli is from tbe middle of Hay lo tbe middle of 
Jane; tnmips Cram the middle of June to tM middle olJnly. 

tionid. Swedes sowD in tha middle of Mh in the Tale wonid, 
three seaiont oot of four, be stiachod with mildaw. This is 
the eaaa in all warm, rich diatricia, aod eonetimet in what ws 
call the poor, eold disuieta, they gal what thsy call at Baihalsr 
tha wUlvmonth, Tbe (raqnaat luirftba horaaboa is Ihabeat 
cheek Idr tba diaeat^ or what ia called paring in Scotland, thet 
ia taking a lif ht foirow bom each cow. When large qnan- 
tilias of (nmiBS ar« grown it is often dilDcnll to got one tha 
work within tlia time whieh is beet aniled Ibc growing tbe 
heafiast crop ; it ia thenion pisfeiable to eommenoe a littb 
aarber in faceucaUe icesaBai as uobraacable weather may set 
in, and it it of tha greatest impatanca to hen a fliu leed bad. 

TbB UOAHTITTOf SlBOFIftAcki: 1 LB*. Or SWBDBB 

AND Sub. OS TnKHira.— ItiiadsiubletotowmBohsaon 
than would be icqoiied, for a thick oop of plants grows tbo 
moat npid at tnl, and gett oat of harm's way from the tj. 
In lU caisi, whalher pat in with the drill on the cidgu, or oa 
the Att, two ewt. of luptrpliMpbitr, or tome other aimilai ma- 
aure, mixed with sibes. iboDld be pnt in with the drill; this 
either giTia the dy a good (apply of food, or drins them an 
so Aut that then is no food at all. On light land a rail ahonU 
follow the drill, Thii keept the mcuitore ia the land ; bnl esi 
bsaiy land, and atpeciallf whei 

art thiu, hosing must not be deferred too late. First tba 

bone, thin tbe haad hoe shoold be eppUed. 

nothing sboni tbe qnantily or the diSennt kioi 

minnn that il ii adliiatile to nie. Ho modi bat 

the tabject that I fnl iaclin 

Iirmeit in Ihit neigh baurbood lose more frooi 

larger qoantity Ihaa by using loo nucb. Idootjl 

it a lots in not knowing tba right son to um. ' 

has shown Ihst tnntipa raqnin tone great m . 




THE FARUBR'S MAGAZINE. 



to ha nwrfdly dn^ptd. i. CtrbonacMU autUr Hf- 
^Mbf bim-Tinliudu*. 3. AsbodumI MBON, aOMliid 
V boDH, nun, At, S. PhoipbUic Bmn. 4. Bolpbuic 
judd. AjfhinMidbcfiin.IbtlianiBaBiitnraolnuiiDTa 
Iv k nM cmp, ud would adTin ton hadi of mdl-mtda fmim- 
jnud nuDN, n» wt of gMD«,ar a^t bobl* a( kooM, ud 

two ewt tt niperpboipbatSi or -" '—■''- 

■ith u mdi Mdubta r^/aiftM 

■howiif tkf nlot ol BMioani p« Iod 

Hbthod o* BroaiHO^-I Ihiiik bn ii do bettn jlu 
tku tbM *d^tad ia tbi* aasbbooiliwid. Than noH wliidi 
m to Im (ad «a Um bnd from lb* Irt of Dcnmbai ta tha (od 
o( nikrui;, im pot into pit* wUh onlj tki ti^ oat dt ; 
tboM fn fMdini off tfttr that tiBa an pot iato ftuion mada 
bj a plougb, and uatbai fOirow pot •■ tbam. In llareh 
^aj riuud ba taken out •( tha Itarnwa ud pnt in baipa, tba 
(nwtb of tba ahoota baia; tbaa cfaaekad. aj uiDf in axCn 
qoaotitr o( Maniua aa eitra enp can ba prndnoad, wberab; 
tba (uaac it in a petition to hafa aona to hanl oO to ba cod- 
Mmad b; cattla^ Tha qointitf Miuiiad ihonld ba talra off 
in itript uroti tba ftcid, that tb* wbola Said n«r ban in equal 
dtatiing witb tba ihaap ; and when takan boioa thar tboold 
ba pat m bouaa oc bea^ and thitchad. 

Uetkoii ot CoHairuiiia. — Fnim what T have aaid, jon 
will tBK Lii>> : mean the greater porlion of the avedM and 
tnrnipB on liRht loila to be ealea ao the land by sheep, and 
I haie no hesiutinn la aajlng that the most oconomiul 
D havB them octt by Qmrdner's tamip oatter. 






ir fool In ■ prei 



■ prep lied b1 



9, irill amplj repar II 



le the sheep 

betterit will thrlTe. i beliere that no aoimal piTs twtter 
for the cuQsamption of corn iihen on tamips ttiBn iheep. 
WhateTermaj be the iranti of the bodj, an animal kepi on 
TOoti alone can onlj sopplj himself with BOoh elements of 
food as the Toot conlaini. Pulping the rooli and mixing 
them iritb ehsfffor aheep hai been adToeated, bat I can see 
bnt little if any adranUge in it, nnlesi one has a large 
qnantity of inferior hay and bnl few roota. I had tie hi y 
eat into ofaalT for two years, bat gars it up, belieiing it 
waa a step la llie wrang direolion. With regard to mashing 
and eooling roots for cattle, aheep, and honet, 1 beiieie no 
adraatage whalerer restilla, and that the labonr and fuel 
are entirety lost. It is only natural to suppose that tha 
powerful iligestiTe organs of theaa animals are auitoil for 
the consnuiption of roota in a raw state. The pig is sllo' 
gather a diHerent animal, and it is adTsnligeons to prepsre 
hia food. A* roots are cheaper than meal there is a decided 
adTantage in naing them mixed together, Store pigs wili 
do well 00 Bnedesur miogold wiitaout heiog boiled oreut. 
" ' ...... .... ■ ji ihui pulping 



■"PS. 



Tiih el 



. k»>p 



withZSlbaof pulpe 
toe aame i^aanuiy oi siraw cut in chall' eiery asy. uai 
the quantity of food required depends very much on 
tbe poeitioD the animal is in. It ii well known (bat a oer- 
taio quantity of food is used up in preserring the animal 
tamperatore, therefore the oolder its position the mora heat 
la abstracted snd the mor* food or fuel ii required lo maio- 
Uin it. Thiala quite la keeping with acioaee — that (nimals 
thrire belter when housed; therefore it is impottaflt to 
bare ihed room for alt the cillle on the farm. I feel sure 
there are few landlords in this neighbourhood wbo weald 
obl^ct to buUd extra aocomniodatloD where reqoireil, the 
tenant paying a fair inlereatfin the capital ioTested. 

Mr. D. fioLBOBOw recommended aaloniD onUintloni 
and deep winter ploughing, and generally ooineided in 
opinion with Mr. BnmetL He, howerer, did not use arli' 
ficial manure witb bis swedes this seaion, and yet he grew 
a heary srop. He banled aome of the tools home, and 
conanmed them with straw, hay, and oilcake, Ihaa preparing 
a valuable s^ply of nunnre for the next root crops. His 
cooain, Ur. Hoiborow, of Tresham, waa not in the habit of 
topping his Bwedea when he put them in heaps, and fnund 
the plan anawered. Bia own experience did not eoincide 
with thia, bat it wai wet weather when hs tried the eipe- 
itmant, which, probably, aooaanted lot the nnaatlahiitorj 
laaolt. 

Ut. Tbokis Foiix diflbred from Hr. Bnmstt in reoom- 



mendioR deep onlliTallan before winter as a geneisl jatc- 
Una. Hia land had a aabatntam o( btaab, into which the 
tain would too rapidly paai if he broke throogh the inter' 
TeoiDg pan, carrying with it ralnable manuriugsubataoeo. 
Hia practice was to ikim plough before winter and deeps 
in the apring, and ba did not find any traobU in obttimi^ 
■ ane tiitli. 

Botb Mr. Koiaovm and Mr. Peici, in reply to a qnee- 
tion ttt/m the chair, urged the imponance of palieoce il 
sowing lima) aa they fmjoentlj toniul that when the uri 
was aown and was followed immediatelj; bj hean tain, ihs 
aoil was apt to cake on the aurfaoe, which gieaUy rtiuileit 
the growth of the plant, which, becooiiug nnhealihf , ins 
attacked by the fly : wbereas, seed sown a day or two ilia. 
shot away rapidly and wa* tooa out of danger. 

Colonel Knascon thought it land waa to be ploo^itd 
deep it ought to be in the autnmn. If part oftbepinlbit 
was spoken of wae to be brooght to the surface, Iha earlier 
It WHS dona in the aeasoa the baiter, that it might be shikta 
b; the frost, and well pulirerised by tiie aeed-time. Veii 
little had been ssid is regirda liquid manure drilling, tie 
knew they did not adopt that ayitemin this nei^bourhaod, 
yet he wai not sure but that it would be aalep intherifbt 
direction. He waa told in Leiaestonhite that they now 
derire a great benefit by uiing tha maoare in a liquidMta 

Mr.K. SicHOLu also agreed with giring the de.^p«l 
furrow in the sniumn. If he wss to plough deeper in the 
springit would require muoh work; he would not have 

season. lie waa rather sverae to oaing the manure in a 
liquid Btate, bcUering Ihat oa their very porous ioila Ik 
&nl beary rain washed the greater portion of it anj, 

Mr. LoKO.of Berkeley, aaid litUe bad been aaid respeetine 
the turnip fly, which, in the rale of Barkdey, wss iht 
grestHt pest they had. He had triad a lerj aimiil" r'*"' 
withsncceos. He gut a boy to draw an elder bush npooJ 
and down the rows. Where ha did this the fly did DV 
iDjury, but twenty rows not to brushed were entire); (ii- 
riedutf. 

Mr. Poud slso said be bad uaed the bnab with aDMoi. 

Mr. II. Suit thought Ihe quantity of seed recommendsd 
citraTsgsnl. He aacd about 2lbB. per acre, and heikiiiisal 
that woB about the quantity used by most present. He 
knew Ihe thicker the plant the faster it grew, but unit's 
the plant) were aingled out very earl; tliick eowing «u 



the fullowing re 

Af lebed— That this meeting ia of opinion that the moU 
eeanamical method of growing, etoring, and oansumint Il>< 
root crops (on the Cotawolds) ia 

1st.— Autumn RultivotLoa immediately after harreal, o'bs 
the skim plougb or culliTatcr twice iu different direcamii, 
oollecling and burning all the mbbiab in large heapi— lb* 
aihea (ram which ahould be mixed with artiDcial manaiCi 
and drilled witb the >eed. 

2ad.— The dang kept ft .... --- 






le laud ai 






ft sniScieol f« 



Hrd.— The land should be deeply ploughed before winter, 
but the actoal depth of the ploughing must depend npon 
thenulnreottheaoil. 

ilh.— That the land be ridged in the apring, the maawe 
being wheeled from toe heaps, and spread in the fDnow', 
and bonee or gusno sown by hondon themanure-th.tlbt 
bouts be then aplit, aorering the manure. 

Sib.— That 2 ewL ot good anpetpbosphale of lime (BJn- 
Uining a large per centage of aoluhle pboaphates), miied 
with ashei, audt Iba. ot swede aeed, ar3 Iba. of turnip *<*'■ 
be drilled to the acre, on a fine tilth. 

flth.— That the horse and hand hoea be aet to woAearlJi 
the crop being horae hoe-J throe or four Umea. 

7ih.— That a grain crop p receding the turnips can only 
be taken economically wEian the land ia clean. 

6th.— Tbcawedea to be fedotTonthe light land by ebeep. 
ahoold b« picked up, pBtliivn(Upita, ud coracad wna 

I .C-iOO'.^lc 



THB PARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



Mil, or in forpowa, oo»iring tham with Ui8 plongU; the 
nredn ■hoald mil be eat bj Gardnei'w cntter. 

Slh. — The nuuigal to be coDinmrt bj oittle thonld be 
bulnl before the frosts let in; dao tbg iiredes from the 
huiy liod — the former i towed in large heipi, covered vith 
■oil, ind thitAed, tlie letter in ■Dutlki heipL 

lOlh. — Tbit rogto oonsamed et home iluiald bs pulped 



and laixei wiUi nheS fi>r the e*ttlc tmd horleg— tor the 
ed. 

Id he comfbrtnbl} housed. 

A Tote of tbenlH to Mr. Bnmett for his interesting lee- 
tON, ead to Mr. Herrlwo, the chuiman, doeed the pro- 
ceedlags. 



ON EARLY SPRING SOWING. 



Ai this tliiMMt-iiiieiaiapkd wintor is progmiing *o 
HiislartorOy, and all brm-vork i« proceeding m eipedi- 
liouslj u m cerlj spring, & few words rdatire to early 
ttUng maj be acceptable and ns«fnl to manj of <mi 

I'aimen are often tempted to deriate firom « Hnnd and 
nfe coiine of managemeat, oiriiig to sobib adrutitious 
cunuDttsiLee, or seme snitabilit; of the icaaon or eondi- 
tion of the aoQ. Thote fanners wko field la sneh temp- 
latinu mnst be looked upon as ipeenlaton. SolomoD 
nj!, " There is B time to ww ;" hut had Solomon liyed 
in uur Gckle elimate, it would have puzzled him to have 
Sud it. Be tlwt aa it maj, we luiow from long eipe- 
mote that them is a time when it ia not sate pntctice to 
N* laj ipring gnin till most of the winter vieisutodei 
bre pMstd awKjr, and the bri^t sprins ia betokening 
in ^pesnnee. aneeeises hare oceaaumaOr rewarded the 
•dnntiUTT — Bometimee remaifatblj lo. At other time* 
be a wafaDj foiled. This ia not business-like : it ia 
pmbling, or bobIi^dus to it. Mj object in this short 
P4Kr ii to warn thcK gpecnlatoTi for tKelr good. I have 
>ure than ddcb Iwai ttmpled to sow earl; — i. «., in the 
<uly part of Febnurf. The temptation has beoi gteat — 
Uit weather Sse, the land in prime order, tiie cart-horses 
qnilt at liberty, nothing else to do. Could I do better 
tbu get in mT seed? I hare done ao. Heavy falla of 
uiow hate followed, incceedcd by drenching runs and 
njid thaws. Much of the aeed has tbua been destroyed, 
ud ihe remaining so injured that what came up was weak 
ud lickly, and stood poorly the succaeding frosta and 
"■ttisg winds of the euly ipriug, and coding in a de- 
fcniM cmp. Having leamt ■ littJe wisdom by dear- 
unglit dperience, I give the result, for the baeSt of 
itha impatient and early sowers. 

So ^ as my eipeiiencc goes, I dionld adriae that no 
■Pring gnuu ahall be pot into the ground earlier than the 



'^ Ned lies in a precarioBs itste. It cannot vegetate, 
Tbere it liei, subject to eretr vicissitude of the aeaaon, 
>ad the depredstionB of gnba and birds; and when it 
™ grow, it is not with vigour, but slowly and nn- 
preoiiing. It ia &r better to wait the return of 
groial spring, and then, with «U the power of the larm, 
ud loDgET yoldngs, get all in as quickfy as possible, con- 
•Htoit with the proper working ol the Und. 

Tlie Erst aaedrng ahooU be Uie oat seeding. The oat is 
•"f to vegetate, and in its ottly stages grows slowly. It 
" ibo tardier in its character than other apiing grain ; 
na if the seeding ia Ubeial, no great danger will arise to 
pntent a good plant being rraliied. The pea seeding 
Wonld then follow. The pea— i'. e., the common field 
Xin>— ve neit in hardihood. These, being put in at a 
gsod dsplh, will be many d^s malting their appearance ; 
NibM the setMoB will, in all probahility, be sufficiently 
Ij^wwl . md the weather w ■ ■ ■ 

***i'if <d progKM, itUch i* 



of this clop, it being necessary to its full developtuent and 
profit that it ahonld not receive a check, from the time of. 
its seeding to harvesting. The barley aeeding abould 
neit he completed. It is, however, immaterial as to 
whicli baa precedence, either the barley or the bean 
seeding. Tba barley is to be preferred, na being more 
easily got in, and taking less labour than the bean seed- 
ing. The land, also, intended for barley is generally in a 
lighltr and more f^edy-wotldiig elate than beau-laud ; 
neither doea it require to be put in so de^ly as oats and 
pesa. It ia soon np, and grows with greater rapidity 
than any other grain, and ja cnniequently more liable t<) 
iiuury from cutting winds or late frosts. The bean 
seeding may come last ; bat it is all the better to be nit 



greater erpedition. However, most taimers 
are gmaea m their work by the time and manner of ita 
falling in. The grecu crops may uot be eaten off, thus 
preventing the oat or barley seeding, or the manuring for 
peas or beans, which has not been completed, and ao these 
seedinga are defemul. My reuuulu, of course, rcftr ouly 
to caaes where no snch hindrances occur. The same ob- 
tetvutions may aervc to ahow the futility also of thui early 
preparing tba bmd fiir apiiog-aeediDg. It is folly to 



plough ao early, and lay op the land preparatory lo a 
'' IE. The like unfavouivble weather iomv 

A abortive. It may be dcnrable to plough 



>pnng-se 



than the & 



pro> - - , . ^ 

lightly the land upon which a bulky crop of irinter food 
hae been fed off. It preserves the value of the abcep'a 
dropping for the soil, but generally audi land abould 
be reploBghed before aeeding. 

It may be obierved that good (ubaoU drainage doe* in 
a grat measure make a farmer independent of untoward 
Mosana. This certainly ia the bet, and, to a certain 
extent, he is able to act upon it. He can, undoubtedly, 
hia aeeding with much greater facility and certainty 
' ' who cultivates undrained land; but gtill, 

aeuc«s are against him. U is more prudent 
'Witneaa the power of a keen &ost opou the 
young planta — how brown or iron-coloored thqr look ; 
what numbers die, and what a length of time elapses before 
thegeuend ciup r«cover»itsbealliy sppeaiance. Beside*, 
if the other view is taken ; suppose the season waited tor 
is propitiona, and the seeding it all got in advantageously ; 
the Harch dust and April showers give every aid that can 
be desired to promote the aafe and speedy growth of the 
erop. All goes on aiffluUaDeooaly, all goes on evenly and 
kindly, and all ^ke ia brooght forward to perfection, so 



wonder if niany inexperienced 
or specnlative larmcra give way to the temptation — most 
^bobly to their hurt. I, however, say no more than 
this — that they haw their w - > -^ 

and thenflH* onr duty is doni 



vGoti^le 



THIj: FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



CERTIFICATES OF CHARACTER TO FARM SERVANTS. 

(bi 4 fiimn, wtaai b« ii uked login > c(rti£cml(,lo bit Ui 

m*D inU bii offln, and rIW btnon that the door, M till lua, 
in plain lui^ge, tomclhiiig « follovi; " Johii, fn kMi 
fttttetij mil I cudM gin joa ■ ortillali IkU will be if 
■Dj am to f on" ; and for John to uuvw, *' Wdl, rm bat 
tixiHniiblaofthit, bat vkit culdof I etntwC Iote iitfc- 
Lcter 1 jut inika it u )[ood n joo cu." 



If m (Itcntioii ttktt pbcs in lb* Ij 
will Hubla Mtnsta to go ta a diiUua whn* tbtj ua Dot 
k*ow9, 1 eertiSctta of ekinctar u to monl aid protfuioDtl 
. qmlifeationa vill uqaix ■ frtatti dfgrca of iapaitaoot (in 
001 Eafluh prorincn at leiat) tbao it at ncwnt poaww ci , 
Tba qncatian ia Hirnmndcd 1^ iDnomanlilB foondantiiiDi. 
whether it ii aumincd rTom Iha naalcr^i point of tibw, the 
aamot'i, or Ibal of tha general pablie; aod , thenfore, it 
laqnirH timclj diteniiioo K u to tw prutietllj andfritood 
bj tboM vho h»a liltlior no mptricBcoia tha matter. 

Aa to tbe poaition of tha (anocr, hu indnilrions pannit ia 
Vizj diSKFOtly aitoitod u to tbs •oppl; aod control ol 
iabonr from that of Ihi oLber arti, genenilj ipoiliiDg. In 
thia roipect agricDltore naj be conipuvd to a combination of 
•enral atta, each carried on Mpiialclr from the otfaerf, bat til 
within tba area of hi) (ira. Thai, (ha cattle deputmciit, 
wbetbai tba atock ii a bleeding oc Faltenisg one, nquict to 
be dinded Into aanral nuooi onee — tha aheap, for aunpla, 
being Hodar the abepherd, and the oiea under tha Mttlc-OMn. 
Kca and ponitrj treqaentlf lorai another diTiiiea. Honet 
•od tbair aaDagenKat inraln a long aeriea of oeeDptluwa ; 
ao do field operationi in BBed-time, kioeing and liarteat onder 
tbe commoo labonien. Agiio, there are the openttooi of 
the barn aod atackfard, A control lU ttacie drpartmeati 
the farmer wonld reqoirr to to either io htir-a.doicn of plicei 
at one and the lama time, or elac ban mioy unneen — 
neitbef af which ia pnctieable ; coDMquentlj he ii lea* or 
■on at the Manj of hia worhpeopla. If thej are hooeil, 
*«l|.di«poaad,indaitiioiu,and piofeuionallj quilifled to pei- 
(om theii reipaetiie funclioga upon the finn, tbe abide mij 
goon iaootUj and proBtablj. bat a (iiigla mgne liir«) io 
(rom a diatanee majp Tender it the tenrie^ With thii moat 
fiUBari are If H 01 more fimiliir; hence, when they belong 
to the paHth, and are fcoowo, the blac^ Mkeep —~ -'-■--- 






la, or johben 



I taik-work, the; 



t daily 



way hindet at lead their {allow-wotknea aitray. Bot when 
one eooua fron a diittDna, aod ia engaged tot lii or twdre 
■ontha on the flitb of a eartifctta that ba ii tnitlworlhy and 
a good hand, then are, it nay be, son difflcnltiea in the way 
of getting rid of auch a fellow than loany at ftnt eight may 
imagine i foi, if diioitaed without ceremonT, he may in a 
OOnrt of law aoeceed in getting wigei and traerd wag« for 
hii foil tOTD off hie eDptoyer, beiidei eipeniia. 

Setftnta, on tha othar hand, are often batter infomed is a 
bad cauie than io a good ; lad thia ia mon eapeotlly tbe 
eaao with the greateec roguai, who, piotaauonally, nay be 

eicellant bar'* r^-- -• • — ■-- 

trtTBgant n< 



. Thiadi 



11 of their own moral and proftaiional qoalifi- 
A nry gineralhut erroneona belief piaraila amongtt 
It their cmplojcn are in duty and by (he law boond 
heme "character;" and if they do not.rtcnrea 
a to mit their pnrpoie, are lifted with no little 
f in findug halt, dcviaiog miichief, end getting their 
into " hot water." Then an olhei* again in the 
not ioiptiy ba termed 'nmple 
hare oot a tnlBdency of indepen- 
dent nirit to demand theii jnit righta, whan thne are denied 
Ibam by igaaianl or nnpriidpted maatera. 

Unnraiieh circqni>tuica,whttTa1ue can a thinking poblic 
place npoo a ecrtilkate of cbsracter ? The only aDawer, wt 
fcar, that cu ba glren to thia, in a atrietir praoticti taoaa, ia 
MMt ol oU, In tboaa pronacae of the North whan the an- 
mtiritd baada an engaged (at di or twelve moatha, tad 
■URied nan fat the latlir period geDerelly, and when aemnta 
Bieatlibarly togo when they will from place to plaor, aa it 
aaKa tban, eertifhiatea of chancier are leldom worth the papar 
on which tbey are written ; and tha naion ia Dhrioo*, for, 
owing to the prenlaaee of immonlily, and the liability of tbe 
meet traatwotthy and akilfol haodi being led aitiaj, farmen 
an obUgad to write certifieatea in a. itfla n gcoenl and often 
ngne ai to keep thamaelTca lafe. It li ro nncomnoo thing 



Thia ia not a 

maiter or bud, anoh leu it it ooe that onght to ba allonl U 
recoain the f^cral rale. No donbt then ire aany BMpla 
when employera etn and do gin to thon abonl to lein thsr 
Krriot highly itliifiBtarj certificttei, with rehrenn. ltd 
when the latter iHiennder the gratifying eoorictna tbit 
tbey ctncDnBdintlj refer bteit to their old mttleni bnt,eD- 
fortunttely, at jet tbey, nnmcricaUy cooddcred, mnit be fit' 
nonneed (be einption. 

To make tba e«eplion tbe mle ii, therefne, tbe gtnni 
practical proUtB. In it* aolntioa there it, doabtleia, amh 
arret on bath udet, oa the part of the tnattir it well u la 
that of the •errant, that reqnirei correction. A r/tUad 
nfereoee, with a geaent CRtifiate at abon, hai lotg bRD 
adioeiled by many fivBieti, and acted upon by not a fte ; tad 
uni|nettioDibly, nfereoce, whaie faraMn ban tn opportuity 
of meetioB eneh other, M by a written applinliin wbn Ikq 
an penontlly acquainted, it a pnfenbk coon* to a certifatt 
only { but when ibey an atrugen, and hate no opportonily of 
teeiog each other, it i* otherwite, for tttea nfetoce btowa 
a rery problenatictl tolution of the qntetiiti.tiineetaaMlif 
ten perhajM ending io diitppointBicnt to both peiliet, ^ 
employer and employed, llini, what one larmcr. A, vnlil 
cooadentionily eooaider a good bead and a Irtl-raU BWl 
ehaiietar, a aacond farnw, B., woold conaider the nry R- 
rerae — a mnch worn hand, BMratly aad piefaariooillj. Ika 
the DDO he haa parted with, betana Mr. A. it a blDalaiaf 
beer-iwilHag bloff luDatlf, wbo** fana pnetue i* antifaiul 
by mon tbaa halt a ceotary. and wheal jndnaat ia ao ehtgn 
that he cannot dittingnith betircen a good «T a bad plee|l- 
man ; ditto, ditto at to eattle, aod ererylkdng eltc. At It* 
tame(iDe,he iiadownrigbt heDaat,jally falloa.wkoareiki 
the aentisKula of hLi own mind witbtnt tqaincatJon oi in- 
ity; bat the min reqmmto be known to be pnctietDj 
irttood. Tliia iathe whole icent of the Di((ei, aad ni 
pnctlcal readen cannot fiil to nnderttand it. Mr. B^ oa tbe 
other hind, bdonp to tha go-a-hoad acbool, morally a< eell H 
profetaiDially, and it, in point of fact, in (he tme Koie el iki 
moeh-haekDeytd pbraic, a aneoeiafDl icienliGe and prtdial 
farmer ; and bad he only known (hat aid nuet fioct tad 
•emd Mr. A. tatiifictorily lor a leoond tern, he wooid hitc 
nerer aiktd bim to eagage aa bii aemnt. 

The'qsrttion at iatue thnt reiolica itadf into tbi dd 
proTtib, ■• I.iii miuitt likt mi*," and tbe elention o( the 
__T — '._ ._ .i_ jp^fjf^\ and proretiiootl JchI of the mieDrity. 
The poiiiion at fine tight miy be thongkl la 
for the B|rimltaral tolemt to occupy; bat 
■ ■'-- -|touthe"bro»dniid""iid* 

re traxlltii (herein, they bin 
in taking a coatptntin new <i 
■t whi^h prcTiili in onr large Dumftc- 




Alike 
qneation eomea 
torn). In the cim of 

prictieal mti . . „ _ . . 

when their own conduct will 



bcm by preeeptt Uumott immonliiitg 
at can be imagiocd, Which too frequently ited tbonthUfti 
d nngnarded Htranlt into daik aianaei of riee, from whicli 
ey cm iienr afterwarde ntrieata tbeaMJne. Tbui, in lh« 



delittry of th* produce of Uia f*i 
Ufuieeil mrcriot qiulitj ; hoi 
Diitti'i idftBUge : how tu cineal bkniiiliu in liiaiUck 
■iliL ud lo atdk M ill kandi in HicttuM bn tha fUm. And 
M c&et inch, intoiicttidic drink la ontflnwin; abonduiM i« 
■Oond. A|[*iD, in tha laboaii ef tha fata bow often do 
ruMnplacamnrebith is " baai" or " aUikr" (aa Um caaa 
uj ba Eo|Ii^ or BcoUk ) to let plaalf of nragb ««A sol 
of ilwir knd^ Am inn "■- — '--^---* -•^■" — ' ---' 
!au>: AndBscb,too,ia. 

mrtaMMulooaof (llHua_ , _,__ , 

■bn Bof of Ibapoatwntcbaa &U briowwbatiatkoi mmNkI 
tl than. Ualaaa Ihe niodpal banda eu gin tha bagmnaii 
*Bd IhaH sfcr vboa tW ban a cartaio oluiisa a fMd tanr- 
^KjtbcraiaaotonaidacdqBalittadlK tbapconliac aitaatMD 
UtT bDld ! Now, aa lang aa awfa a kwnUinc eoaditioa al 



THE PARMER'S MAGAZINE. 

mil an Ought he 



cu Mna tba daiuiidi of praetiee ondar conaideratna. Ilia 

vnk at reHmatioo nar and in loeh inatr 

>itii|t awnlDallr adopted; but inqntatuMii 

bipD thitt, Kb nntil (uatn look apoD atoi — „„ 

^nuaritffi.amd diihoHBt dealiogt w a ^igraaa 



■bsB ladi eattiBeatca, &t„ maj be profMaiiualljr adlncNd. 
Oi tbi otbcr kaad, is tba caaa a( DuMa Eaimtia >bo citaod 
tiinrdi thaii Ubonctn an ioatnotiTt aunph^ nMRiUr aud 
pnfcaiaiallj, tbcii grand objact ii to Kit ■ propai (tafl of 
liboatan nudcnt npoa ib> fans ; ud wbcn inf chaoge tabei 
pin, ta aioid, by tttrj pnoDlioui meana in their power, 
taataaiiBating tba «bu1s br tba intiodocdaD of immonl aod 
iipriieiplid ilianican, f ei tbii purpoie. it hii btaa |iia- 
foicd ta ban conntj or piaiiacial [egiiCrin, vbcre ibs niinci 
ol proper lerTBnta oankd be antand, aod throogh which oflSca 
■ hrTOfT cmJd nlvaja proenra a truataoithj aarvaut for a 
null Ih. tba aerraiit'aaDtTj bainx ooiaiDal, and DOoa being 
ntiilRcd wittaoot a aaitablc iminntH. 

mUmgaid to tba case of iheautaat, bit CDudueC. uorar); 
■adpn>lHaioDdl7, u aiagululj UlDilntiiaof (alleu huoiiuitjr, 
GbmiHj apeakuc, tba taTonaatioa of [arm-ienaoti, ai a 
^vt, baa boea too muob tnated aa a pabUc qutittoo and too 
iiUlaaa a panonal anag and what ii e?en moie to ba ngrsiuJ, 



hinil 



e hi. 



proper food, clotbiu, and bouKbol 
whin tba lahouKi naidea upon Ibe [arm, aad u (bni libacalad 
from (he aadndng alluraBsnt* of towaa and Tilh^, onr fana 
Mtta<eahmiabaMaeoftbebagbtaatciaaaplot(^chnalianliii 
that an to ba net with, Nov, it one lanBatttu neon baa 
balf-a-doaao to a doaen ot coUagaa of tbia deaeriptiom, and 
carrr on hii farm opatatioua with (ba higbaat dtpae of j^oU 
.„j ..,:.i..,;.^ _._j .l;. — — ^^apa^(d to prare— wbjr 
initead of Mmaiaieg the 



d aatiifactiou— and tb 



tbau their emplgjera; aad ao faraiour e: 
which ambTacea a lirga portion o 
haia alwaji fooDd tha nat itujontj aamaaUr deairow of 
coDiiDg up to Ihii golden rale, artn in thoaa cuaa where th>7 
were eiidoMljr, at tha lime wa oODTaiaed with thiaa on the 
inbjeet, alooKwajbalowit. TbecoMdijwoaMbaalikauBa- 
tural and nnraaanable, for the} feel theirpceaeat low conffilioB 
Biara peibapi in a pbjaical aenntban ' — '—'---- 



mocalitj, 
of Chriatian 



tar, liU 



iple ban both the Old and New TMtamoit 
uuua : Diu ami la at tba beat a qwata of Bockan, ao loaf aa 
tbalabouiec iaooalnedto tba filiate, and bu Uera to pi»- 
Tide loi biBaelf ud (aaulj on naana a hkfa hauen and aailli 
coajointlj pcoooonca " iaadcnala for lb« porpoae," with Bote 
draarj proapect* ahead than wbal bit eipanaaaa laaTta behind i 
for thui cooped up in a lilLtge hovel, with perbapi udj lira 
Lpattmcnti.OB the priodple of a pig'a atje-^one to eat in and 



man'a bod li to kept under the 
bteatb. Saltiog atids then" 
order to iwlata and cihibiL is 



Irue light th* others how 
riical chiiKter nndarauch 
ijtbing about tha phfiio- 



irDing; but 
I aad profe 



I, thaj Bi 
of mtaat timilv to thoie whoaa « 
the golden rule, baTore tbej cui ci(> 



SHEEP FARM I N G. 



Ai the Uorajahiro Fatoieii' Club the following paper wai 

Mr. QiDDi.^ tud : At tbe lequul o( tba committee of 
niuugeaicnt of Uiii Club, I hire drawn up a thoit itatemenl 
of the Banagftacnt of, ftiid the probable profiti to be derived 
'row, a breeding atock of ibe(p,Tn tbti coualj, upon ao liable 
lus of BTerige qoalit; of laod, For the like of dali to go 
ipuQ, I have Uken tha ettent of tbe farm at 300 icici, [iimed 
En Ibe una] fiTO-coorte rotalioo, and where a breediuj; ilock 
~"" raara kapt, for tbe purpoae of anppljing " ~ '^ 
with -"^ --' —^ ' •-- -'^ - 



HI} iaanipicioa* at 

UTJcatbat ooj atiexinoD muat ne more aoo more give 
aula end aheap, aod, therefore, that any diacuition at 
Clib which maj tend to elicit iolormalion with regard to 
pigdietion and pnctieal raaliaatioii ef mtauif tana lira it 



M prollaUo foe thia diatrirt are what 



called the half and tbree-puta bred abeep — that ii, Ihe Brat 
cioii between the Chtriot ewe aod the Lcieealer top for tba 
balf-bred, lod thii ewe ctoued igiin hjr tba Leiceitii tup for 
the Ibrco-patta bred thetp. J have tried the pore Lciccater, 
the pure Cheiiot, and pure tknithdown. i ctoti between tbe 
' ■ - ' ■■ rijB a Cotiwold a ' * ' 



l1 pnipoica 



half-bred 
mooej — pro- 
maltoQ aod wool aa Ihtf do, and at the 

be habit of 



bare ever faund thi 
ewti and tbe pure 1 
duciag more weight 

tame lime a eoBptiatiielr bardj ind doeili 
ing up tbe itock of half-bred ewea, I bare I 
bu^Lng cither hi] f-bred gimmcn or limbi from brreden in thia 
GOuotj, who breed from tbe Cheviot evi and Lciceiter tap, or 
have got liiit elaia half-hied gimmeri from tha conntj of Caith- 
neii, wbne, I think, thej will be fonnd belter adapUd tor thia 
countj (bin thoae bred here. Tbe Caitboaag iheep an laugtbiai 
and itiopgci, and altogether Mrve to coimtenot that taodenejp 
(0 diminiib the length of bodf, uk of animal, and cloacneei of 
wool, which the light land of thia eeaatj prodncea after a fbw 
ratia, Tbe CaitEnen bnadera, from their pcoxiBitr to the 
beat itocka of Cberlot ewu, and ftom the atnmgar natan of 
their toil, and larger llunia,bi>eitBonii tbeit power to pio- 
dKeabJggcr half-bred tiieep than we hafe. Tbaaa CalthMBa 
gimmen maj be bonght at as avenge of boa SOn M SSa^ 
whan aiileeBBOBtbaold, or face dipped. In tba note o( Bf 
calealaliou, given at the end el Ihia paper, I hare Mt Uk«B 



THB PARMER'S HAOAZINE, 



taj notice of Ibirtsrlj pudUM yifce of tknc fimBer_. __ 
CHM Ut mactj iMliied tm one dnfU tnU ■qoil that paid 
for em ciiiiB(n,i>d, w wi |««iU7 tdM thm ana* «( IwlM 
fioB tba ntn, tl wlU ba mn tbrt OM-tUid el iLmi p Iff 
■muiUr. and, of eMM, OM-ttM fnw lk« aaw Mtrr, A* 
■Utad fiirBarij, I kw* UdHo a IOO«ci* ftot •■ ■} hadfc aal 
■roD tbii I ahiU flBoo • wUtk of ItO «««^ mi p«f«M to 
Mlaw ip iWi pioMM* pndiiM ttt M«k«l, Mt, honmr.wti- 



I n 



It wWt Bar to loAad tiT «m a I 



100 awta, aid wbick mdd j[i*a •( linb* ■ pcodnea «( IM m 
thn^] and I ihall nnr FtMMd M III* «bat maf b* toMcd 
a Tti7 UiriUd aMawri dI tha tnatmoit of tha net ud pro- 
dner, for IIbb «iU oot poalt ol mj gmag son iato dataiL I 
^n, thanlbca, pcopoa* that the itoek la l^ oa aari; in tto 
antnain, caiM>tla( «t tb« lollawinf anmlMn, and niad i " 



120 ewM at 13a. 

ISG Iambi It 20f 

Tm LriMatM topi it AS 



...£198 
... IH 



aeniDt eowgetOm BatL — , — . 

attendlni- tbim will be Iki dippiag ai bathiif , and tiiUk 

OUT ba taken at lid. eeA, The dipa I " ' — * 

daa'i and Blna', ind ' 



I ind Blna', ind I hiTa tonBd tb* ma eqiulh (Ocw 
-. .je other In deariog them of ill lerti of Tvnan, wd ,__ 
Ttntiog hA ; but if fob TnSlj eiiiti, more ittiafagt aid ii> 
peonre nemia iniiil be lued, and the •piritof tar aad 
tobacco juice ipjriled, >ilb nnipirta( ud auOButtiii eMca- 
tlon, tUl it be iiadietfed. Ai a rale, lauba aboold nenr be 
■bort of meat, ud iboold alvaji ba oa Inndiia ibont the Int 
dayi a( October, aod ifnpoD i^aand airlr globti even aooim, 
BO ninrh the bettn, bat tbia ii a mitlei for at farmer to jBd[e 
of, ilthangh under idj drenBiitnicei 1 ibould nenr racom- 
mend (htm being lain then the tine niiaeit. And hen I 
would mentioD, that the kind of tonip* I ptefte lejiog them 
on to ere, flnt, any ot tba »rielT of globei, being kept on 
them tUI the end of NoTeoibci: then jelleai till the end of 
Juniry. fiiltawed bj ivedei. I heie foond it diiirable to 
cbiDse the kind of tamipi. AI flctt they do oat oonaome 
many tnniipB, hot alter a time the)' eain condition fHt, and 
■et veil up to itand bid weilber in Noicmbar, and aKiie pu- 
Senlirlj in DMemb«r, while, il >evtn mitiitr ihonld happaa 
to come on during the tnuinCion itala frou giaia to tmiupa, 
and before' tbtj in rull; well anmtOBtd to th* kttac, 
dtnuge mi; be done to tbem which tbtj will nam nootei. 
A litUe tipcDK tbeieloie Ibr tora^ it thit tima it wall bo- 
■lowed. In pnttinq Quae on to tmiilpa m the Held, I eoalidac 
it better to do •<> b; decnaa thu to fbne then open then all 
at once; that is to •ar.lajiagtbain raforUuM oifowbania 
dailj at ficit, and tbea liWnc them off to a giHa field, length- 
ening tba time eudi day fin a fortugbt oi three weeki, till 
tber get faiilj bit with the«, ud then allwing then to re- 
Mun on altogether, ilthoogh with the cfaDiee of ■ gnu field 
to ran back apon tf th^ with il, and if caDTenitnt. I think 
thii aura jndioianj than kiaping them in doae till Ihej lean 
to aal tnmipi from ihter hunger ; bnt, indeed, if Umbi hate 
n torcipa with theii metheri, it ii link 'cuciiig the; 



then Ihii it ihoold nerrr b( doni 

drr, till th( nn ia well up, and the treat oi wet oa ike Icaiag, 
oUierwiH much lou majr tnne (nm inflinunalion, the eSect 
of thia food in thia ttate on an emptj itDDUch. And in limei 
ot atnn iioit then ought to be a itack of itoied toniipi on 
the field, pnt op in Insb weather. I do not mean that the 
llD^ ahonld he coaGntd la tbii bit of tumipi, but with 
power to fall back upon thiii fornui leacinga when the; baia 
a Miad, aid if dry weather, thej will i^ np the lut morNl, 
lamba, or nther I onxbt to nj bogi, will do >«; well in thia 
way t^ ebout th* middle of Jannai^, when, if Iberu* foi- 
wurd in condiUoo, joa mnat bqin to alic^ and keep lUciBt 
tin Ihaj go to giBH ahoat th* and ot April Thia Me heon 
aj laaetal piaelieai bat I ban vuiad it aeeordiag to cireeu- 
ataapee,and hBngiTMth^ailb.ef npaokeiadaia.ef 
locnit baani, hnuMd and e^ied, oi a ^Ib, of tilafco and 
hndaad oata daily, tHkei in tha field or in bout teading, or in 
(bids with opcD yard*, and ban nld tbiB, after Ihii tnat- 



■aBl,qDitalet befon tbn «m twehi MNlh*<U,ittaa 
S8a.Sd.toM*. IhanaaadlhiBinMadiifaMalKBitet 
Baania in yvte and yoB eaanot do a Bcte pnlllUa Oig ■ 
■heap laadw, b«( thnn^mreiatUKanifoeddBl Mn 
amwl aa, wid ia aaHipil** fteih litli d*ih. IfOetoaiie 
aNa|**dNop,*boat llaM*«illdolh*lHbtic>. Oai 
hn* af an MM, toMd «■ a OeMoai** lUIl, IhM win to 
BO anaa fint and atioad yw'i liva, ml Wimitanin 
it i* M8IM1T, whh thi* liiAad naaUlTtt 
iMbowitB^U BBit proUahbaBl. Hr 
lh*t it u b*tt*r to Mil 100 of tto Ut at tai 



h*t* tt tnap*, n^tofiM* tto mmjbJk, leaatatD 
tb*** to *■ cq*^ hatoiod diipoiA lb* giM* thmta » 
qairad weald to tetha iwm (ISO), with than laah^Htti 
r*U*tlhr«*l0tton*,4Oaaaa; aWbitto Hhopitii 
, laj 10 ana— taanoi SO am* to eit for bar, kM| 
■adealTC^ and ttonxateareBlmitom*. &»- 



„ lh**a**idthat>l>*BUb*iM» 

laiy to draught aboat a third of than eaeh jtu, wd banit 
donaao, aad laplaeed them with gimiMra or MtiM maM 
^ ew**, biiu tha Ma et which tbv an gaailly Mandti 
tto *w« floA, jFOB 1^ giM tton * ma arar a ban gi» Ul 
altar waauag tiaae, and keep Ihaia apaii^y by elMuag i; 
yonr itabblia, JKl, till near tapog tina, whalkateB 
oighttotolMtaaaedi Mrf if « btt *<«*«»« f«|ig*ei|Hi 

***da caatohadaboM ' - '"- " — - 

pcMty ■*n*in «( a good 



***da caatohadaboM Ike tia* ItotniiFot t*,j«M 
pcMty ■*n*ia «( a good niiaUiaff of taW ■■*a*M|n- 
TCrUally pnarariac la iililainl*! tb^ lifdihao^iad Ibn 
wiU pi^ lb* iHt oilof ■w]nhia(*ithoiB year MbUiidtt 
«c gian firid* *bQ«C la to farrtaa ap. aad, ttoirfN*, ierta'i' 
eoitiag anythi^ tar kaap, u* nally hwifiHi^ tto bad 
otherwie*. mj i»pii«faa u IbU tba* will toaaleatfa 



artairi 

Junery toltea tbeyget taiaipa ; hot ttoa it wSl to ateaMi I 

to fire then i taw daily tiU tb*y eon neat liMUag tbN \ 

whan Ibelr feed nay be iBCieeeed. Attn laabing Ilail I M ; 

nuke the beat lamba by pnltieg the aw« inta i hw fn* ; 

•aid, and giT* tunipi «loBg with the craae (or tto £nt M- ; 

eight, and then ntnra thm to tonipa mtli*^ dina| Ui . 

day, and into * naw or aecond jear'i graia Add it Bight. T« I 

lambing tto 120 ewe*, abont sit *or<a of good tonuri >iU \* I 

neeanary, tbna letting from lb* ebaep ninet*Mi aerea f> At I 



eato bring tto „ , 

lo*a either ton* or lamb; aid lUi may to 
aloei of (toied tnmipa g«ta extoattad. At 
not giT* my awe* BwodiBb tonipt Ihan 




not tocoDnt for. nnleee it to Ito vniforD^ higha M*i- 
it tto ewe, thet Ito awede ia ebont e* nje it a*f Mhet 

f. Attar tto Ininipa are done, yon nut BM itml tht 



•wo IB |iH>, uiu now gnat if pa^U*, trying to pro(i*ei Ikt 
lernat flow of Bilk poeuU* bom tb*B^ fbr that it wtot ntl^ 
matotttohiBb, Ttobeittlm*r«rbibciBgaalaBteBt|u i 
eonnty **emt In iMtt ataeoat to to troB aboat tha Ka 
Haieh tUl tto nuddle of April; bat if yon ban pl>*ir<' , 
taonae rooB yon nay bring then toonci, ud alw*n with Ot 
inthi*ea**ilwfflbeedl 



iriogttolatUrpitM 
Hay, or aoour, leeording to weetbet end conditio*. Ibt 
limba may toweanad about thettid (rfjn^,and whowa*'' 
mnat to put oa good gnat or donr fb^sga, and, it ^i^ 
tut, it is better that no tbeep bar* graied it for at but la 
dif a befortbud. Hating gltu tbii lanaiari^ ahait talliH 
of marely one bruieb of abeep fuming oa uaU* land it Oit 
eooDty, I shall now proceed to do, on paper— what la "^ 
eatitr thu la do in reality— oanelf, ion sp tto fnhaU) 
money procetdt oat ot the 130 wet tiealed at t ton t<7 
genaial^ ud iB»rf*etly detuled, bnt ptBiebg that m M 
rtuilt miy not to looked lor wlthoat aoondirabl* cam ■>" 
attcntioo and Indntnt, ud haddei Oat tto200*eKtotluf 
BntI to really lur land, and ia yecy good eoaditloi, gtraf 
good eropa of torupt and iran; lad wilboat d IhMk >" 
ordiMiy good lertua UMta, the loalt aty aot to Mri 
tn, ilthavih, oa tto otbn hand, K 1* atiite poniUc by a- 
facBe good Bta«g*BMt,toBnaadlt likaltdBdbnBr 
that, frgm Iha ISO *mi lb*n oni^t to to mU 



THE FAEHER'S MAGAZINE. 



101 



100k«|ii*A|dl,at>fi. M. ... £17g 

u do. in Joir, t^tvti, n aii. ... ,» bb ii o 

Vm(W1M«wm, SB kogi, Md I tup*, It 

l».St, S7 17 



t ;■ HkL flB wlginl M 



bpeoM* e( batluBg 278 ibMB M 

iid 1 14 8 

EziojM d( ibHhtrd SB 

— — 47 la B 

£174 10 8 
Mr. CotLia, Aii|>r> >■>' Am tMaad to bt na m at 
ba ad iKlimd to nik* uf nanki opM Mi. SaddM' 
MHT, bat if h* aoald glau thof Tinn (n>m kiiM 
■ bf DM ud nothcr, Ih^ lU MMid to think ha hbl 
..._ j^ — ....... „|^ and larpr iilaat of 

■ inindal. B.*(fb.Caaa) 
, Iwt to uHii aat tbi nnii> 



^J^ 



dpk)Ui.O*UHkadUd 

UungitkitmBMbalikMlitaHeraDt f iiit,ha will nqaiit 
IS bni kii MO tarn tl tand pi^aly bactd ud nb^ndad. 
ni Mit tUac WH, haw w«n tt>«7 (0 diapaaa «r tha lamba at 
RuiBttiittT Ha did Bat aea ko* tkaf cooU ba diipoacd of 
<■ n HuJI an extant. Hun, a^a, thoafli the pnaaa Mr. 
Gtddnhaa laid down aa baiaf nat ha ia antitkd to aiMct, 
n m qaita wiUa| to allow, tboogb tbc aitant of knd he 
noiigiu ia not nffldant to tiztj a itadt of ISO avaa. 

Vi. QiDDBB — I think it ii qoita nfficiaol, it then anno 
MIt npoo lb* bum, with tho doapttMi of l«a cewi ud tan 
olna. Hmm c«hfo uo toU whan twalM Montba old, 

• Iprtl, M that than i 

N Knoowt. ncBoi 

■Htdnn the qiui^^ of rtoct wbi^ too 

if it i> &ii Und, nod in pod order. 

Mi. Colue— What would the rest of ths land he? 

Ur. Glcues— 30b. to SA). in aue al leut. He wiahod 
lliitUiejnilgbt get it st 80a, jnat new. It muat be iagood 
nodiiion too, aail oncloKil M Mr. Collie uja. 

fit, FitiiDiaN, Eut Qruigei uid — On anoh land as Mr. 
QeddM haa described, I do not tHak he baa avet.estimated 
tbc ijsuititj of Btock it will carry. He aummcd the fimi 
ol jiXl lecea Id be good, (klr land, well aheltered, and well 
(Ticliitfd. Heginning, as be doe*, with 1^0 half-bred gim- 
mm, 1 wonia pot the top to these gimmera ■ fortnight cr 
iline Kecka earlier than ia aaoillf the pnctioe, and have 
tbtB luslied about the flnt of March. I coald. thaa pal 
■oj [it lamba Into the fat maikct b; the end of June. I 
would UioQ slip taj ewM. and have them fkt b; the month 
cf Aognat, and wonld iboa Tealiae m; retanis at ■ mach 
tvliti dale, and haTe a larger profit. I make Ibeee slate- 
lunti to combomte what Mr. Qeddea >ty«. I think the 
rttnnii ftom lamba, wool, and ewea could all be lealiaed in 
■ ^tceDteightanda-balfornlnemontha, and would, it the 
uoe time, me graaa In Aognat, and aflennidi for joong 
attle comint op ; or the ewea mlaht be kept, or another 
ilMk oF glmmen be laid in to replMO them in the month 
«( ADgniL 

Ht. BiipBEN, laohhnWDi, aaked how Chej ooold make 
IliHi Bliaw into good dung if thej were to keep their aheep 
ia ihii mj, A good dong-jard was certainly the secret of 
Kwd [uming. Sheep famiiiig wia good enoogb in part, 
but Ihtj ooold nerer life hj it aa a wholfl. If they look land 

^,^...„. ^.., . ^' might do well enoogb the 



Hr. CtiouHa BaucE agreed with ^ thai Hr. Qeddea had 
lugmmeoded. HehidthegceateetieipectforMt.GeddeB's 
"puionibutiheflrat thing tobedonewaa tolakealeafont 
i^iht Uoke of Rlsbmond'a book, and encloae their land. 
'u Ut* Dnka of Bichmond institQlad a large and libenl 
'into of eoeloaiog bis hod. Qood iodge* aaid it wonld 
mcieiM the Talne of the land lOi. an am, and he bAered 



t^iak at adt^Usi ibaes temiDg to tlie smMt tidriatieo. 



They matt look to cattle w theit ibaBt aBahot. The piioa 
of eattle waa Terr high at the present moment, aad oatUe 
required rerj Inferior eDoloeoKs to kMp tham in. aa eom- 
pand with tbeep. Allhoogh hi* friend Mr. Brown, link- 
wood, fnqnantlT told him that abeen left thu BosMa behind 
them, oTor and abOTa what could lie tnade ont of cattle i 
■till he saw that, nnUl the groDnd waa enoloaed theTconId 
not nniTarsallj lake to a qatem of aheep fttmiDg. He be- 
Ueted the; could not, al the pnaent Uma, mue ■ better 

--- ""^ sir inferior g-'-"- •-^■<^-j-- 

totiyihat h 

ferior grain iu feeding, and to buy Inferioi grilii to bed 
cattle on hii thrma, wblch extended (o about 400 icrea. 

Hr. dEunxs — Perhspe I should B*j 1 have recommended 
nothing. I hara merelT elated what it Is ^aiible to do. If 
anj gentlemen found their bmu badlj aituted, or olho- 
wiae not suitod, for sheep-faiming of eonne tbey would 
not go into it. la thifl p&ptr J bave merely endeavooted to 
ahow what a SDO-acre fEinn of a patlieular kind woold do, 
nnder a particular system of tnanagemmt. It will be (br 
gentlemen to oonndcT Ibr themeclTe* whether 1 am eoneet 
01 not, and whether they should change from oaltla to aheep. 
It isqaitepoaaibleImaTbewroiig,bataUIcanBnia that 
I haTo done it myself otbt a aeiiea of yean. Hr. Fergoaon 
has Tciy properij said be wonld do it In another waj, and 
that he would in that way dartTa more proBI thaa I wotild 
do. Hti Frrgason has had great espaiianee, and Ue 
opinion iiralaable. I should be delighted that Ui. Stephen 
■hoold thiow aside those prejodioee of tus, and Introduoe 
the subject of cattle-CUinlng at next meeting, because It I* 
quite clear that, unless we can pay one reuta from sheep 
and eattle, we oannot iujw-*'dayB depexul apon cam, 

Mr. AsiJi, Euteitowu— How do yon maan to conanme 

ilr. Oeddes — 1 have stated that there will be ten cows 
upon the ftrm, and tec yonng catlJe to be sold sa year-oldi 
in April, snd, of course, Uiere would be the horses npon 
the bum ; but if yon will refer to my paper, you will find 
tbit 1 Slid ■ larger number of cattle caa be kept in ~ ' " 
snd recommended the lu 
feeding stnSs. 

Ei-ProTott Qu,m — I think we are miush Indebted to 
Hr. Qeddes for the great pdna aad tioable he hai tdan In 
getting tip this paper. WhetcTer diflerenoe of opinioa there 
may Iw, you will, I am sure, admit thit be bsa prepared 
that easay wilb great care and great jadgmont ; and be fais 
based it, not on theory, but on actual experience end ob. 
serration, afler bringuig to bear upon it le good pnctloal 
knowlsdse and talent la any farmei in tlia oonnij of Uoniy 
i* capah^ of biingiog. i think, therefore, we owe him our 
best thanks for that essay, and I think it ia likely to lead to 
important resulta. He haa giren ua the arusa relomi that 
may be rtallaed from a glfeu qtuntlty of land, and I thiuh 
It Will likely be found iLat ibeep brmlng, et the pment 
day, la moat profitable. But slill 1 tliiiut tliare is loiiM- 
tbing awiDting which I hue no doubt will be aopplied at 
next meeting, and tbit ia a comparison of the profll* from 
200 acres of land fanned hyaheep. Between thii and next 
meeting you can erercise your jodgmtnts and icBennity In 
eudeaTOtuing to bring oat bow yon can turn 300 icrea of 
land to better adrantage than Mr. Q-eddei liaa done. In 
the meantime, allow me to more that we record our beat 
thank* to Hr. OaddH for tiie TCry interesting paper ttiat he 

Ur. Oecdii replied, remarking that be could not enter 
aU the branehe* of aho^-Aumlng in thia oounty, 
I would not allow him. What he proposed to do was, 
to gi<re an inslsnoe of what oonld be done upon a SOO-ten 
farm of good land, ikming tt with sheep, upon a certain 
prinoiple. 



IB of oileaka or other 



Tlmew 



rifht gibMM pel qniitw, that It emtiiined •• tor Bni montii^ 
thttltMeBtIt«d*dhwdlolOi.peiqBailwi that biD yean 
efU(n(illto4t.U.p«rqiiattM', aodrenainsd Mthatriic* 
tritb Bttle BaclMtlca tat Iwenly yean : that at the npin- 
tiono(tUst(n>itro**to£B,BBdhddlhalpriMtinMM 
the rN(lSS4,whcnitsaito:kM.pMqBMl«r. 






THE FARMER' 
THE CULTIVATION OP FLAX 



I hift MSB nun; IMun and iitieut in ue eultiiilion *eu1 
aiBitanMil a( flu. Ai ■ Bu gnwti, u wall u (•isO', I 
Hnd rm > fsir nnurki i if fon think tkiu worth notic* la. 
*ert then. 

In Uia Ant plice uf lud dd which (ood BultLnjc barkaj 
can ba pawn will prodnca flai ; tha hart a gaoi loaa with a 
eUj inbioil. I baliafa it auj ba grown with proCt on tka 
nmi laiul nan in uraB jaan, but not oftanai. It ii baat 
gtawo altar lea whaat, tha land lMia[ in |ood conditiaa and 
daan, fallowad aftai flu bj atabbla tnnipa, than whaat or 
batlc]'. Tha baat tima to low tha aead u frem tha aiddla of 
Harch to tha middle of April, up to tha Itt of Ha; : abant 
nine to tlarm tiaoki per tat, iccordini to tha eonditiaH of 
tha land. Keep it elann, ai it will pa^ well f« it, puUiic tha 
wudi ont hjr hand, oi cat than with ■ butow ahaip knifi. 
na time In pulling tha Su, abool tha nuddlg of Jnlj — is- 
dinaij naioM. Whan tha ttnw ii aboat tbcaa paita of ita 
langti jallow, tha iMf da«i, and the tatd holla itiipad, take 
oan to Uf it atiaight and aian on tha gioond, u modi da- 
peidi on keipiBg it Mcai|{ht and eren at this ataga ; tun it 
Dcca^naDjr to gat it di; and prannt the wormi from drawing 
it into the land. When ths Mad oobh (raalj ont of tha boUi 
when cnuhad, take it up bj hand, and tie it in bondica, and 
tha gauaiil wajr ii to plana it windward nntU after barraBt. 
Tha aaad ia than itan^ed oat by haod, Oi faondla* or aprovta 
eaiafnU; gatharad np asd tiad ; all Iba loov itrawa caiefnllf 
poUad ont and pnt bj ibaaualTe*, othaiwiie tha; waold en. 
taagle the Bu wbilat apnadia(. 

Tba next proeaaa i« tha riiNDiig of tha flax, or tha daeom- 
poiing tha Su itnw, anlBciaDt to cnabia tha diaaaei or 
Btratebar to gal the woodj portion fron tha fibre, without »■■ 
tcriallj inJDiing it. Thii maj ha dooa in manj wa^aj bj 
tfaaping it ia rata with falie bottoni, tha baat aoBoaBt to 
pnduog (annanta t iOB, being intiodwad bj itaaa. lUi ii a 
qni^ and eeoaomiaal waj of doing it, aUboogh at aove COD- 
iidaiibla ontla; of capital Again it ma/ Iw dooa bj littiBg, 
aa daaeribad tcc; ably bj tha Rar. J. Bradahaw, at tha agru 
enltoial oaatiag lata^ held at Belbit ; or in the way in whidi 
I manage it, and which ii gtnetallj practiaad in the W^t of 
Kogland. After the atamping, aa preiiooilj daaeribad, it is 
taken to s piatma or barloj itidibia where aecda hare been 
Bown ; it Is ban ipnid erenlj in rows, csie being taken to la; 
it down of iqaal thiekDaa. WomiD and boji are the beet to 
do thii. A] fou can Me between tha itiawi, aa it ma; be all 
wet or drj through at the iiina time, and ooniaqaeptlj ripen 
ttgulailj, tnm with pdei ; at ial ttaj two daja, as wUlM 
the oil is in it ths wormi an fqn-l of drawing it into the nrlh. 
Tnm it if poiuble when drf, or only lUghllr wst, ai etaan 
wet the poles will iojnra the fibre : it nut be tuned at lent 
sreij week, wet or dij. When the Bbre patta fresl j from tha 
wood, it is flt to take np. Nip a lew itrawi between tba 
lager and thnmb ; if the wood fall) ont frealj, it li read; to 
take sp. Tbii put of the work ia dllBoalt to deaciibe, and 
tha proper wa; of doing it moat ba aeqaiiad b] practice hod 
aipariaDea. Tha tine taken oo the gtooDd Tiiiea oonddetablj 
with the temperature. Jka, ud wet>or othaiwise; and alao the 
quilitj ol the llai. It may he read; in three weeks, and it 
nar not in two ■ootha. When ripe, it nuit b« taken up at 
ooea. If wet, plaoed in mull aps, ai the air can pasa fnelj 
throDgh it i if perfeeUj dry, gather it into iboats or bundUi, 
to ba atoied ter tlie ecutchaii or drataera. That pot in api 
to ha taken as eoon aa dr;. 

Tki next procaM it tba dresBBjr or preparing it for markal. 



S MAGAZINE. 

in ths coorie of uiilchini; ; theu b> biaklni it 

break, or, what ia better, pauiui it thiongk ■ 

fitted irith gmoiad rdlan, wonad bj hand. Th 

freo^, bj placat B 



■^S3rj 



a otbn power: but the bimei baa not 



uachine fitted with graoiad 

H Uu lIjt portion whan broken _, _ . _ 

with one band on the awiagling oi acntehiBg beard, and dop- 
twiqlear Beatcfe; a tliugdal piece ef woid 



The total eoat in labooi, if in 

boucen an tolerablj plantifnl, ii fnn £fl to £7 per seta. 

Sneb is flsX'grawiag ai praotieed b; wtimll and msaj bm 
in tha Waet Of Kagland : and I conaider K wotthy of the (oa- 
BidentMBOfanylanwr wboaalandii esioqlated tar it, un 
eaanot grow aoia in tha aeenso e< sbmoh U ptaatat (riM. 
The price of lax is la adnnoe of ocdi. Where lai wil pn- 
fitahlj am^ tha anrphi laboor— wanted ia Oe nu> 
BOBtha — dnriag tha winter, BOma of the thnnaaadianiwiltn 
Knsaia, Egjpt, and other pluea far tha raw nataiial an ba 
kepi at hone, and be paid to the ptodDco. In oar owa W 



■0 it WB. 



lai 



SEPTENNIAL AVERAGES.— TITHE 
COMMUTATION. 

Sib, — As manj of jonr readers ma; leal aaiiooB Cokmr 
the isaolt of the com STeragea for the seieBjunO 
ChtisIiDSB. 1863, published bj salhorit; in the £«dN 
QaitOt of this ersnin);, vis.:— Wheat, Be. Sid. i lariiT, 
1b. &ld.; ostB, 2s. 11^. prrimperiil boshel— I beg W 
etalD for their informstion thai each £100 of lithtrut 
oharga will, for the jear 18(M, amouDt to iGiOSaB. 10)1. 
or about i per cent, leas than last yesr's Tslne. 

The following iUtement from mj ''Annual Tilhe Com- 
mutation TableB" will show tha worth of £l'IO of tithi 
rent oharga for each year aiace the pasaing of thtTilba 
Gommntitian Aol, viz. :— 

£ a. J. 

For the ]fBT 1B3T 98 13 H 

„ 1838 97 T 11 

„ 1839 es T 9 

,. 1840 98 IS Wl 

„ 18tl loa 12 Si 

„ 181:i 106 8 i] 

1813 loa la H 

1811 101 8 » 

„ 1815 Iu3 17 11} 

„ leiU lOS 17 8| 

„ 1847 eg 18 m 

„ 1818 103 1 l> 

ISIB 100 3 71 

„ 1850 98 ID 10 

1801 9B II U 

,. 1853 93 16 lit 

1B03 91 13 0| 

18.11 90 19 i 

„ 1853 89 15 »i 

„ 1856 93 18 li 

„ 1857 eg 13 Ii 

1858 10» 16 3i 

iai9 108 le H 

18110 , 110 17 8} 

1861 113 S 4! 

18B2 109 IS 8 

„ 1B«3 107 fi 2 

„ lefli 103 3 m 

^J.830 6 »t 
aeneralsversf-afor Q«jesra.. £101 1 7t 

CllARUlS M. WlLLlGH, 

Aetoarj (o the Uuiveisitj Life Aaiorsuue Suci^Ti 
25, Saflalk-strrel, PaU-mell cast, S.W., Jan. 8. 



THB PARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



THE HERDS OF GREAT BRITAIN. 

CsAprat XLU. 
THE TILLYFOUE HERD. 



The pitgnra torn Abndeen to TOljfonr muat keep two 
pot dinetioni, pontile ud nqatiTe, in hii hod — firstly, 
chmge fDnr tnin at KJntorc ; and Kcondlf , don't get oat 
It M/iburia lUtion, as Kom h«TB done before jon. 
HuI " i. e." ii Bajthing but demoDStratiie ia this case. 
Quit Cntle, wEiich ji said to be the daest granite build- 
it(inBril»in, the woods of Monjnuuk and Fetternew, 
with Bea>a'Chie toweriog behind tkem, nre all pleasant land 
mvkiiathe S3 mile*; and the fertile vale of Alfordjiut 
opemapOD fan, and givct a bright foretaste of the Braes 
Dfllir, aijon leaie the train at Whitehoose. TiUffonr 
ii Dolj three mika from tbi) point ; hnt the onuying 
Itmi ut more easil y reached through Alford. The wind 
ru not in the cut, and thenfon w: were promised 3 
diy dif at list, and a leally fine light of the Tile, whieh, 
art Hlon ia Tarrea, i* said to canr bulloclu to a grealei 
ue thu my in the North. Iti bariey is in eapecially high 
bnnrwith brewen and distillen. It suits tnmips, bath 
Abodixo yelloKi, ptuple tops, and indes, remarkably 
nD ; but there are no mangeb. The farming is high 
noDgt, hat the climate rather laehi mrmth. Steirirt'B 
111, to which groase-shooten and tourists resort in 
tic Bcinn, and Sod no " purit of bone beans," hnt 
pKd hare loop awaiting them, wai onr first halt. 
llu ntnoee-hiill is hnng abont, not with " pikes 
indgani and bows," but with enormona foi-akini; and 
i[ ii tome consalation, when one thinlu of that terrible 
■oiiee of pxA Ibi-fleih, that the landlord sends Sonth 
■n ht em get oat aliie from the hills, and that ten 
Ihics, " with blaek, fonr inchea np the pid," have been 
tna^crted Id one EngUih conntj this season. Alford 
ma mach to the cottage architectore of its principal 
Fnpridor — Hr. Farqnhamn, whose maniion, 11 well 
u IVhitehiogfa and Forbes Caitle, is a leading 
o^jttt to the right, with the heather hills (which, eien to 
• Sntdih eye, had a pecnliirly rich bloom this year), as 
tin ^orioBi back-gronnd of all. 

Still we wanted " hoof and horn" flgnrM in onr 
lisdKipc^ and a abort ride past the well-filled pastnns 
«f Ur. Rcid, one of the crack grazien and priie-takeri, 
isd the fcrge of Mr. Sorlj— the " Professor Dick"'— of the 
^>ic). ud 10 «loag the banks of the Con (midway be- 
twm wlucli ud the Des T^yibnr may be said to lie), 
Wnjjit u to Dorsell'i, the first of Mr. M'Combie's 
^ bnns. It behmgs to Sir Chules Forbea, of Newc 
ud Edinglaiiie, and consiita of about 640 acres equally 
'I'idcd bt^een arable and pasture. Ninety beasts were 
Witttd on it, and when we saw them tley had been 
ttiAj 1 month off grais, and had kept np their bloom 
01 tarn Uuee parts ripe which, given in this state do 
VA indncs scotmag, and hare much finer feeding proper- 
bu. Infut, green tarts make milk rather than beef, and 
Vr. M'Cdmlne ha* long ibjnred them. The first lot were 
otis« tbeir oat-itraw and Aberdoea yellows, and the 
^eddioB were jndisiottsly darkened to encourage digES- 
l'^ "id Tepon.] Th^ were all threei-and-fonn, and 
"jut good GMomema] beasts," to adopt "Tillyfonr'i" 
Jwwrite term, when be ia not especially iweet on any- 
■ui;. Not a two-year-old fiiond a pliee; aa their &ik- 
1°vten aiB teUom good, and their tallow supplies are 
Moit. lb London bnlcben hare been bitten once too 
ohnbytban. ThreHimrihs of the ninety wen hornless 
IberdMnshitc, and the rest blacks with white legs, gt^i. 



and reds, brindles, half-bred ihorthoms, with poll heodi 
blacks with the loose tcur (which Ii the saving clanie of 
" Doddyiim"), blacks with homi pointing one op and tha 
other down, and here and there one with the infallible 
" mark of the bcatt" on bii buttock, or the real Pagan 

The sample grew higher as we went on, and 
reached the Christmu table candidates fai boUi metro- 
polises, and Idverpool aa well. Twenty of them stood in 
at £23 12b. Sd., twenty-eight at £35 6a.. and twenty at 
£20 10s.— aU from Mr. Robert M'Issock's, of Orange 
Green, near Forres, while a smaller lot of letenteen cama 
from Dandsleath in Morayshire. On we went thraugb 
the rest — four bbcks together, and very difficult to whip 
apart -, two ripe grey* ; a black grey, pretty nearly the 
head of tho lot ; and then, cloae bj a red roan with ^nite 
Harmndnke crops, stood a spotted monster of foil seven- 
teen handi. Mr. M'Combie drily polished off this Magog 
as "just a heavy beast for shipping," and be was 
finally sold by Mr. Bibbons at Liverpool for £62. 
" That completes the eighty," and then came another lot 
loose in the sheds, ready to take their place in the double 
■tails as Boon as the Christmas beaits have gone. We 
had not time to go in search of the bull Champion, 
as it was long past noon, and a brief November day 
was not to be tnflod with, and ao with a glance at tlu 
beantitUly cross-gartered oat-stacks, which stood in 
platoons four deep, with William Turner, the bailiff, as 
chief-architect, we once more sped on onr wly. 

There waa nothingfto take ns to the Castle of Crsjgie 
Var, whose strong black loam on the granite has furnished 
Hr. M'Combie with some of his richest pasturage, 
and we tnmed off to the "training" quartan 
at Bridge End. Its SSO acree aie rented 1^ Mr. 
M'Combie, from his cauain at Easter Skene, and John 
Benziea, with his blue blouse and Kilmarnock bonnet, is 
captain of the depSt. His military decoration is the 
Dutrone medal, presented to him at Poiaay, as the eervant 
longest in command of polled cattle. John is a perfect 
almanack on the subject of ht shows, which seem to act at 
mileatonea on his journey of life. After all his travels by sea 
and land, he may be aaid to have lived so mneh among tha 
shouts and the breaken (of which hia master his given 
such a vivid catalogoe in a recent controversy) that it 1* 
only wonderful to see him in the fiesh at all. The neat-baned 
Ritfemau by Bob Koy, from Pride of Aberdeen, who 
was first in his class at Battersea, is his pecuUar charge ; 
and then came seven dozen buUocks, of which at loat 
seven-and-twenty were "tops," and getting specially 
sent along upon cake and com. Tiite iH them, however, 
were on the re»erve-li«l for neit yrar'i shows ; or will 
at least have the benefit of the donbt, when dieir com- 
panions are dispersed by March into many a British larder. 

The whole of the shedding is more useftal than oml' 
mental, and heather, tiles, alate, wood, and thatch, all 
play their part in the roofing. It waa beie that the great 
Poissy bollock was fed, and John waxed eloquent at tba 
remembrance of him, although neither he nor his master 
have heard his weidit to this boor. Thrice has John 
crossed the Channd, left til bullocks behind him and 
brought back £STO, a cup, seven gold medals, two pnt 
gold medals, and silver and bronia geiore. A_ ^Qj- 
njur 01 was second fbr the Cup, on the first o< --— 



' Dogle 



IM 



1*riB FAUIEK'S HAQAZIH& 



(he Dnb of Bautfort** Weat Hi([hluider, irlien tlie Toting 
wu uid to b« bur to bar on the joiy, sad Moni. St. 
Mirie'i cutiog Tote to hare decided the dn. The 
Poiu; Di, par excelteiiee, ma bred bj Mr. Iwif^, a( 
Destrie, Aberdcenahire, and Bold for £2S at two yean old. 
He wu then resold twice ; pnrchased by Mr. H'ConitDe, 
for £45, from Mr. Shiw, of Bogboiru, kept two lean, and 
finallj lold to the Emperoi'a batcher fOr £U, afttf 
winning £2SS in money and eupa. Nine eight wu hia 
bnt ^rth, nd ha had tiiia pecnliirity, that he wotdd 
never tonch cotn. Hia tnhuaa wu not nnefaeqnend. 
After SmithSdd, John eacoriM him, along with the 
"Binninghuii cop" heifitr, to Mr. Mijdwell'i hna in 
Surrey, and lired with them there till the middle of AprQ. tt 
wsiaot H joTial time, as they brought aChriitouu-box along 
with them in the ahapeof" foot and moulh," andallhonah 
the bnllock bore op wavelf, and onlj bstrf an inch, tha 
crack hnfer " took off aii or aeren Inehea as lend aa it 
went on," and had not reeore r Bd her bulk when ahe want 
to Foiuy. Mr. H'Comhie flnt tiw her at the Dinnfrita 
ahow, and hia mind waa not at r«st (ill he had giren bar 
breeder (the Dnke of Bacclendi) a Bflj-ponnd cheque 
fhr her, which ahe Petnmed with Intereat. 

Of the great prize oi of thia year, which occupied the 
box of hoDour, Mr. H'Combie might well observe, pro- 
pheticaJI/, that " a little nan would not be able to aee 
bim without aaaialance ;" and in debnlt of a ladder, John 
a^jnted n> then and there to mount the manger, and 
anrver (in Athdstaaeford phrue) " the rast plateau" of 
ToaatWf. "Haveyon etor looked orer more ponndi P" 
waa hia triumphant quar;, ai we daaeended. In that low- 
roofcd tabantacle, there seemed bat one reply. Still 
the lalingtou building quits dwarfed him, and we 
diould not hare renuuked on him as a Teritable Breat 
Kattero among the bollocks then. In hia leading points 
he is rather rougher than Bome we have seen from'mjrfonn 
but if he lacks the bloodlneaa and levetaeaa of the Angna 
breed, hia neek vein isveiy grand, and, in Besiian phrue, 
" he ia beef to the root of the tng." He coal £48 at two 
feara tuA three monUu old, and was bred by Mr. Stephen, 
of Congltaa. Hia first priie was won at Gsrioch ; £40 and 
a gold medal were his tna-yeor-oldgaerdouatPoLsivi and 
at livtfpool, Aberdeen, and on " the grand XOat," he hu 
gathered £1B0 in slL Still, what with «ime 2,000 mUea 
of travel on hia head, and the keqi of eleven dosen weeks at 
' m thilUnn, there ia no aoch great margin of profit 






10 sale. Still, he had the honour in )ua death o 



with Mr. Heath' 
foiindnr and fcclory peo^e have long been a great terror 
la hia feithfiil John. " They are a trrrible lal, wilk iheir 
^HcMng and poking," he Dbaerves; "tkigentrt/ are very 
eitU, but Ikit gat ilptmiiiei tiem moral qf aught." 

Two or three work oieu were being fed off, and laying 
it on pretty aatla&ctorily, seeing that Onh has too oflen a 
tendency to run to tallow after these farrow gjmnuties ; 
but no coaling could poah on the bloodiest black about the 

C' X, He la >nch a beanty that lor two years Mr. 
Combie has been at him every way. In and ont of the 
house \ bat his stomach refuses its oSce, and the tape only 
telli of Qght feet five, and there he sticks month alter 
month. Ho would have gone to " lonu aide ahow " thia 
Christmaa, but hia level, high bred form hu melted his 
Dcr, and he is goiug to try him for one more jeu, and 
sp him infect to mat Highland years of discnlion. 
rillyfonr, with its 1,200 acrea, of which five-twelfths 
are arable, and one-iiith (Ai graaa, is the property of 
Mr. McCombie's eldest brother, the Rev. Dr. Charles 
McCombie. It waa here that Mr. McCombie wu bom 
in 1805, and learnt that solid eiperienee from his 
hthCT, which has caused him of lata yeui to he 
reoognited both in Great Britain and on the Continent 



keep hia 

Tillyfi 



like Jonu Webb in tuoAer t^bett, as qaila a gniiti 
king. His father wu equally eminent in hia bnnatti 
of a lean cattle dealer. Soch wu the magnitude of Ua 
operations, that one Odotar he pitched I,EOO otlle, 
Aberdeena and Higblanden, at the Fnlkiik trftt, and oudt 
ea,000 alone ont of the BOO Highlandos, Hhich woe 

rA in Braemar. After his fathtr's dnth in ISU 
UcC:<unhie aettled at IHlyfonr, and tbllawed, oalil 
within the lut fifteen years, the leu cattle trade, to iriiitt 
he ana brad, beride* keying • ftow nikh con nl 
gruingeerenlbeMtaithmne. TheTahof AUnrdBiwic^ 
was hia first ahow grmmd, and he h»d not teen Mdi wan 
■I Tmyfonr before he wu ^aeed Int wA 
I had ptnehaaed fnMn Horaydiire. He na 

—, 18S7, and shee then he has gradually fidhn iib 

the romd of the Vale of Alford, the Royal Korthon it 
Abwdeen, and the Hi|^iland Bodttj. Invaruss nl 
Aberdeen (twice over) have bew Us greateat weeb iriA 
the lattw, ta he swept ilmoat enaTthiog in his inji nl 
his blaeki were " wdl on the apot " on the «ely tbce 
oeeaftons — VOniaot, Cariisle, and Batteraea— that Ikoi 
hu been an opening far them *t the Bml Be^iit. He 
Beat &t beaata to the Knnlngfaain and Bmithfield Shsm 
u Mriy u 1840, bnt it wu not mta ISSS tbathaad 
hia black brigade became a leKUng Itatnn. Doriag th 



than two ^ears at tlDj 

a bull which he had pi 



laatfiveyeanhehaa ngohrlrtaken Oe amith£(U M wm 

' he polled Soot bulhxA, beridn the flratinlStlii 

idlba. The latter not only won the gold medal bt kin 



u the beat fbnale, but took the cop « the beri ba< fi 
the yard at Knningham (whm his bollocki' Ibeli diraf 
the sane period are only one below Smithfleld)i aiMk 
Bn^ih Bad Switch papcn nuEbt vrell ttnite in Ibor 
protest, when Mr. Faulkner'a aWfliom Dolly, a j«K 
older and two inehea leu in the girth, and bv no nuaul 
perfect Bpecinen of her kind, wu preferred by the SM- 
nom, Devon, and Hereford JudgEa to thebeantiftd'ialit: 
Inlerioper." 

He Ud the km-ttone of his fbrtimet u • breeds vitt 
the pnrchase of The Queen from Mr. TnUerton, thea of 
Mains of Atdovy, near Brechin, and now of Hatai of 
Ardestie, near Dnndee. She wu then ajisilhighab, . 
and cost bat SIS at a cheap tdme. Aa she tarned tM ' 
her few Brat aervices ahe was put Ibr a penalty to dn* I 
wood, and did all the ridging np of thirty anoa of tar 
nlpa aa well. She then pnved in calf to UoatiA 
(another porchaae from Mr. Tnllerton after hii nle], ul 
the heifer waa called after Lola Hontea, who wai thn in 
the height of her Bavarian eonqueats. Tiit Qoeei'' Inl 
priie wu at the Vale of Alford. She wu then thirf^ 
Aberdeen, and even with twelve sununers oa her bcs^ 
she was good enongh not only to take to the Hi^W 
Society at iDvemeu, bat to atand second when ilieEO> 
there to her granddanghter Chailotte, and to bfil Viil' 
BOr (who was third), and fifteen more cnpibl cawa. f^ 
her and Monarch the ftnily tree branchefl off in three dint 



who wu sold to Mr. Oeorgi 

calf, and passed over by h — — — 

(who ifu &Bt at Edinbarah with him) for £1 80. Crosm 
for the produoeof (he Lola Monies and Stoams-liM* 
were found in Hanlon by Pat, which wu pnrobiKd il 
two yeara old, with a qnej from Mr. Bowie for lUO.io" 
Angus, by Second Joi, which only cost K6 al Mr. 
Hugh Walton's roup, and hia also done yeoman serriK 1° 
the herf. The latter wu put upon both LoU Mmt" 
and Bloomer (which, like Windsor, waa first at the Ro- 
land Society and Windsor Shows), and Charlottcimd W 
Btdle, anollier Highland Society first, but not wilt tie ii« 
ofherdiin,wcrBUiercspectivareiiJU, Hanton, ■Iit«»»" 
career emhraied une fints from AUoid to PoUsy, ^hs* 
even The Bmperot could not,bny 1^ go* '"'' ^^ 



THS tASUZKB MAGAZIirft. 



los 



iMMiiilIM7fiaBCIi«Mti,«lM«lw bid Criso- 
Inc br lU Bn (a fan ef BiaUm) ; wUh fiurj wm 
tk produce of Uutoa ud IIib Bdll, lad hi* KiB Rob 
B<7 (blloired nit with Lof dj, And m Ihe MteotMion 
tm gOBa on— HoBunli, Angni, Hantan, Rob 11(7, 
BlNk Prtsra bf Beb R47. nid lutljr RtBanan, wbo 
k W Hob Jlof tmn Prid* of Abffdent— « wn Ud 
dn^lv of H«Bt w wkUfc b M narly lii<«id-ln m 
Mi. MoComUa din* to go, Btuh m ba like* tbe Uood. 
ILimlri OMtliv Bdit^blla, Ardgaf , ud MonUetton hsTe 
■In Ikniibri tbdr •DotbucBtB la EmpreH ud DdI- 
aatt, ladj AgDca, Kan, Msfiower, md UHrUier Haj- 
linier,ft«. Mr. MeCombM bought both thne "Rowen," 
ditr tbej had flood flnl and wcond it Pstb, nd Uked 
the MMDd pfiM one d(«lded]j the bnt of the two. 

8c4lud ti nrf true to ber chnnpioni, and wbea ill 
Oil tbn^t ud tD9gJ ndarintiad in tba faittj aaa 
Bilt«w trisBpb*, fanr budred nd^bnm and breeder), 
*Hk the late Marquii of Hanlln in the chMr, aBsembled 
ta da Hr. H«Coinbie bononr £7 ■ baaqaet, whicb *ae 
OM of, tr Ml the lal^eat, era bdd at Aberdeen. " Th« 
I^bh tgnenlturiata alwafa maintained," wid the hero ot 
tht cmiiB^, " that a Scot •onld oerer take a flnt place 
ID I cMsniitiiHi with a Sborthom, a Hereford, and a 
!>«»». I havB pren them rearoni for changing thrit 

Kin (dMtfeDJDg eheera)." The old i^tampiajx, Mr. 
^Ii VatKiB, wat present firr the lait time m pnbllc, 
■xliaafew graeetU woida be tendered hia oongratnla- 
&ai, ud ipoke to the f^or^ of the Angna, whose name 
n bme •till aerer traia bis own. 

"Black and all black," ia the pauword at l^j^mtr, 
ti ao roana, grvj*, or brindlts, or bcaata of an; other 
boj, m allowad witbb tU Una, nerartreaalieeon 
Ika top rf a hill, aad tha ateop aacent (mmnate* tt 1a«t 
>> > Uttla grare of Ihnea «»d wbea. Behind la the grat 
itj lint <^ iha kiDf** fanal, ban and bleak, whl<A once 
n< B<i;bI ConaBle^ a&d uiwf to the right ia the Olen of 
Tilkriraeh, Bd that OTer | f Mn goiae, wbidi knowa no 
Ulr*a>4 (hallaags. Tba Uaek eock often deaentd* 
^ Ua badker belgbta, and riiarea with abont tUrtr 
Uowejra nl Angoa yiailisgi and two-vear-olda the 
>*>r>l handmd actca of the Nether HiU, to whoM 



Don Fernanda, of Lord Sontheak'a 
e of the milch cowa, who do 
The food, lolid homeatad occnpiea 
mndred jarda of the hooae, and the 
Pittad baata fer the great Cbriitmai market nrtU and 
U th« Hd mgn on two aidea of it. The emnch and 
>^ poaa ia la awed nmaie to the rata orTiltjfonr, aa 
^f^ofti in hia plaid he takea iiiinnuid«, andwatchea 
Ibt ritk rationa wheeled In from the eaateen. liov he 
^ kale (o lea the dual eolleet on their backs, and what 
•fwaraU m « thrfflineaa he gatbera tberdrom ( They 
Ha "Ibeir own tnmip alicera," asheholda that half the up 
ia«ailedb;tben)ore modern patent. The raking, eicpnt 
^ Ihe KaTe b^kwird ones, doea not begiu tlU within 
^ "wli ot the great markrt, when they get Bibs, each ; 
ait Ihia yev with cake at £11 a ton, Oiej hare been 
pnacipillj fed on bmiaed oata aod barle;'. In contradia- 
ijortnn lo tb) Hecbian and Norfolk theoriei, Mr. 
MrCombie holdi tint, a* a rale, I41bs. of cake a daj ia 
u much ai anj beait'a atomacb can do proper jnatice to. 
Mnpt 1 little white on the brehead of one, and on the 
*^ly of the other, all waa orthodoi, thongh we forgot to 
mk U the cata, a colonr point on which aome Angna 
wwdenaieeqnalljparticnlar. Onljtwoof the "doddiea" 
"d " aearti" bat iej were good enough to confirm the 
^•IHier'a axiom, " never a bad one with a hanging head ;" 
I only one ant of the tbrtj-three which bir. 



aha wm nnf an Ika Dm ildi, bit m •moat tba 
weekl; bolletin of them, mt iHilied tliat halt the alTJl 
aarriw oudidatM NdU Mhd ilia aBirt a^/Wtfof the 
wedi'a doingi. Two an wa in ebarge here, and the 
bmah Ud onrrjreomb we not allowed t« grow eod in the 
intemla banrem the morning and aflemoon meala. Onljr 
three fearilng iMiDocka were ibottt the place, me of tbetn 



We lotiBd the oowa wilh the beil^ ealre* In tko 
paAnro cloae bf the boBae, baay among the new gma 
lefl orer bf the bnlloeka, to whom the; tdwaya pin 
aecond. Foremoat among them waa the aqoare-iuM 
LoTclr (by Rob Ro]' from The Bdle), the llrat baler 
at B at ter aea, and a enp winner at Aberdeen dnitng 
the time when Mr. HeCombie held that trmfaj fac 
three jean in anccesiioa. She atill rnaina mMD ot tba 
looks which polled hertbroDgh on tba dar; and EUof 
Aberdeen, bj Black Prince, waa at her aide. The BaL 
whjilo h^ar rgoteed in her Jet of Aberdeen, nere, too, 
waa the once well-named Beantf, from Mr, Wataon'a, 
of KeilloT, a line-siHd cow, wUeh fetched fli gs. at hia 
aale, ud she too eoaii boaat of a rare JiH 
Thia apeciea of nomenelatDre reached ita 
ealf of Zarab, the aeeond Baltenea heif^. 



laf a the old aong j and Mr. MeCombie has taken the faint 
and named her calf aeoordinglf ; ud of ■ tmtb, one mors 
eomwt and nearer the ^tmnd we have not jet aeen a asf 
henC The dam, whicb is all going to milk, ud baa quite 
annk her ahow ihipea in the matron, waa pot in priee at H 
gs. to a gentleman at Battenea, bat he choae three olheit 
at £86 a-hnd, and Ur. MeCmnble hif hia conaolatloa> 
Zarah waa bred bj Ur, Cdlie, otArdgi^,aiidao WiaNoor- 
mahal, "the dnstf haired eow," the biggest of the btmdL 
who, like tinrj (the dam of twina) ud Daiaj', the second 
at Dnmfrici, are all deacended from The Queen. It is very 
raielj indeed that inj owner can saj that he won two flrtt 
ud two aecond priiea in two chiaMa ; but Mr McComble 
baa done more, aa ererj one of hia Battersea winnen has 
had a live calf, to wit, three helfera and one bull. 

Pride of Aberdeen, bj Hanton, had a hdfer. Scold ef 
Aberdeen, bnt it waa not with her (in conaeqnence of tta 
now-abudoned habit of browsing on its dam'a taiQ, 
and ahe formed one of Gfe flrat-prile Higblana 
Societj'a winaera in the bnll-ealf meadow. 9be ii 
better behind the ihonlder, but in ber thigh* and 
on the top of the tail aba is inlerioi to her daiB 
old Charlotte. Still youth would be aerred, when Ur. 
WataoQ, of Keillor, and Mr. Graham, of The Shawe, two 
of the finett judges out, ot Angua ud Galloway atock, 
jnilged the pair at Batteraes, Charlotte ia riaing fourteen, 
and atill lacka a whole nuyority to rir^ Keillor Ononie. 
So far ahe promises well, aa there is no palchineaa about 
her, ud scarcely any other symptoms of age. Few hava 
been more tried, aa she baa bad foot-and.month twice, ud 
lung disease once. Added to this, ahe had a calf at two 

J ears old, and haa nevar miaaefl a year siaoe. They bare 
een principoUy bolls, ud one of them by Black Prince 
was eqjoying natnre'a bottle tt Batteraea. She began her 
long liat of winnings u first at Invemcaa, ud the first 
piiie at Paris (of wliieb ahe atill beara the brand on her 
neck) waa the reault of her only aeit journey. Walker's 
Uayflower formed No. 8 of this Highland Society qnarta^ 
and was purchased by Mr. MeCombie for OS ga. She h«a 
a elerer cilf. Flask of Aberdeen, at her aide i whQa Crino- 
line, another firat as a two-year'Oldat Invemess, but never 
after, coold boaat of a masculine little fellow, Press ot 
Aberdeen. She ia a little apaAy abont the belly, bnt , 
I 2 



loe 



.THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



wMn well, tod ia thii retpeot a befiin wimur No. 6, tbe 
Fair Maid of Perth, b^ A^giu. 

Stepping within ioon, we tbmid the willj of the 
diiiillg-nwm a perfect epitome o( lYeach and Britiah 
triamphs. Mr. Hill Muwell looked oot at at (nun the 
poit of honour, u he hu daoe in nunj ■ Seottiih home- 
■teed, during oar eighteen week'i wenderinga ot these 
two lut inmmen, end braeetk him wu the gi«at gold 
medil or Freuce iwerded to Hr. McCombie "pOMr 
I'enteiKllle de ton t.ipotitioii." The icedemy ot Peril, 
whieh eeepu to devote iteelf, emong other thinga, to the 
protection of enimali " taiu eontei," fUraiihei b written 
diplomii ; but if they could heve uen the nuh when Mr. 
McCombie half-opened the door of Bhch Prince'a boi, 
the; might heie felt that their Anj^ bull Bjmpalhies are 
sometimes misplaced. The horniess ere quite competent to 
take care of themselves. The Albert Cap *t Poiss; was the 
centre object of a line of >ii, which deck the lideboerd on 
high dayi end bolidaji. Cnps ere hard to win ; but the 
trouble which Mr. McCombie had to get aeiiin of one, 
when it wbs won, would form quite en edifying chepter an 
geueralahip. The medals hevee velvet stendof thdi-owu, 
sarmounted by e gold annC boi (the gift of M. Dntrone), 
end eighteen gold, forty-two lilver, and four bronze hang 
from ill dainty liera. They are, however, only outwird types 
of a for more solid consideration in the ahepe of neerlj 
£1,400. The Drat priie taker at the Highlajid Society a 
there, dating as fer1)ei;k et 1840, is the shape of a dun 
(which is equally orthodox with yellow, end brindled, and 
black] Aberdeenihire homed oi, which was sold for £70, 
end has as his touching SmithSeld epitaph : "3Attt.o(^lbt. 
and 2Silst. offal." There, too, in the shape of e black 
01 from Fur Maid of Perth, is the first-priie irinner 
bred at Tillyfour that ever bnrat," "not into "that 
silent aea," but the great Baker Street Babel in the 
year of grace 1859. It fetched iU £70 eud weighed Ifli 
cwt. The BhMmer has her place with a view of Windsor 
Caatie behiad her ; end so has Victor, taken when he 
was not in good condition, end Vonng Charlotte, " who 
did no good." Old Mr. Maydwell, of the firm of Meyd- 
well and Hoyland (to whom, along with Mr. Giblett, the 
Tillyfour beaati an consigiied) hea no reason to regret his 

Cnnimity to such a glorions anecimen ei the Bncclench 
eifer. " Poiisy," with his fiue Urge eye and his ean 
laid back like a blood borae (no proof of ill-tamper, but 
the eontrei; in an Angus) ia over the side-board, looking 
like lib, with those "bloody jades" Pride of Aberdeen 
and Cbailotte lacing him. 

Both in point of quality and number of priie " com- 
merdel besats," this waa not one of Mr. McCombie') 
greateat yean. He ean tie up SOO on the fann st e 

{iDchi and, tn bet, he haa had as many as 400 (at 
ome) and out on tnrnips, in hand for market at one 
time; but this veer he did not venture on above fifteen 
score, end e herd of about fifly — half of them eowa and 
in-calf— made op bis home renka. The heifera ate 
RCDerelly put to et two vears old, end the calves are 
dropped as early as possible in the year to suit the High- 
land Society, whieh date* from Jennery lat. It has 
.,_.. .. . ... . ^^^ 

The 



calvea not kept for the bull trade are nevtr ttrt bdan 
they are a month or lii week) old, end nekled, liki b 
heifer calvea, foi fully five montha. 

Hanton and some others of the 'nUyfonr blood rat 
into Monyahire at beef price, end it ia fmn tlM 
conntr tbet Mr. McCombie, who bnyi every bait 
himself, drawi his principal, and, in tad, ei^t-tmthi 
of his supplies. Forfanhire, AbCTdeenihire, and Buf- 
ahire are elso pieced nnda ccmtribntiDn, but he doa doI 
care much for the Caithness end Rosa-shin cnno. 
" Horayahire for aweetness and quality," is e tuHaii 
point of his creed ; end he ettijbutea thii mpniarily 
in e greet maaenre to the quality ot thtir eoin, ml 
their county habit of keeping the beuti in the stnvjirlt 
He would readily give £1 to SOs. more for a stnit y«i 
bullock, asheSndsthemthriveio nnohbettcrwlMitl^ 
are put to graaa. Elgin ia hia prineipel maifcet, bil Ik 
ownen send him word, and the great m^ori^ <A Ite 
beaita are bon^^t at their own yards. Onlv one jat\a ' 
he missed the principal Elgin market, vii., when htsceoB- j 
panied hi* bullocks to Foissy, and then Foilinhbt itnl | 
inthe breedi with forty. Captain Kennedy, irfStnonB, i 
in Wigtonshire, ia generally good for a lot of GiUon^ I 
and it was from him that he got the bleeb Galloway, vM I 
waa first at Biniungham and SmlthGeld in 1360. That \ 
heroes of the shaggy frontlet, the odd placed nc, and ia- \ 
baited ear are oRen better in the thi^ end invsnU; 
more ilnggiBh taeden than the Angnaes ; but they will 
pick up ttiefr cmmba royally on the poomt hlU lud ; 
and tUi priia winner weighed 14 cwt clean, uj 
realiied£SG. 

All of the bnllocka are tied up by the middle ^ S^ 
tember, and begin to go to the maiketa et the al of 
October, in Iota of from aeven to sixty weeUy, ut 
when the supply is out at the end of March, the msiict ml 
sb>iw-yard circuits claim their month once more. Atctt 
30>. ia the avenge of eipensea to London by rul o[ K^ 
and last year 39 of the beet aieraged £38, ifler all a- 
penaea were paid, giving fnllv £10 a head lor neulyd^ 
months' keep. Three-fburth* ot them go 1^ the stancr 
from Aberdeen. The Company ere their own inuitn 
end with tide and wind in thdr favour they go nc*^ u 
quickly. In fiu:t, Mr, McCombie prefer* even adrersc Dfa 
and wind* to the eternal ahunt or at times the dnaiy nt 
(or the milting manifest when they do get to the jointj'i 
end. Still, he has only lost condition so far, tudiraK 
of hia blacks have gone down, es the haples* blood yttdiag 
Fnudangnero did after the eleventh concussioa in Ibt I 
station-yard at York, and feirly yielded np the ^ust Ih^ i 
came up sixty-two strong, four and fiteoff.tothepiat : 
Christmas market this year. Gi^t more went to liter- ' 
pool, and aiity-eigbt of them aold at all inrice* from lii : 
to £3e,and the other two fer £84. We did not nie to , 
sally out til miles in the gloom and the cold of a Deca- : 
her morning to take just another look at the Londaa ig^ | 
but aimply contented ourselves with the private i^tt, | 
that "no other feeder had so many good oua is lb ; 
renlu," end thet they died as of yore, true to thotlaa 
fiesh ehettar. 



H.ILII. 



„ Google 



THB FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



THE SMITHFIELD CLUB. 
THE IMPLEMENT SECTION OF THE SHOW. 



Tlie implancnta, u unu], fgnned ■ gubordinate put of 
llie SmithGeld ClBb Show, The; occupied, however, a 
niuldcnble ipve, tlie giUerici and the area immeiltatel; 
tidow tbem being deroted to soch goodi. The etMbitian 
Tu sot N Urge u that of last jresr. There «a> to he foaad 
Im tlw the iwul nomber of noiBltici, and bat fen im- 
pioraiMnti ; while, cotuideiiiig the fear, the loota make a 
■plmdid appearance. 

Itie fint itand bencstli the galleriea ii that of Meaara. 
KiLua, IIah-au, and St*bvemb, of Baaingatoke, Hamp- 
iliirE. Here ii a new drill steen^e deaerring of attention. 
It niuiilg of one wheel abont 2 feet 6 inches diameter, 
*]uc)i, under the gnidance of a boj, ii completely muiag- 
ible. He wheel is fiied in a frame, which tuns on a 
MBln ; the IcTer by which the boy steera ii filed to it. 
Tben in markers eitending from each side of the 
ilaage frime, sst oat the same width aa the wheels of the 
diill, and the boy has only by meaoi of the terer to Iceep 
t)u »iDt of the marker over the wheel track. On the 
bisalul it requires no gaidanee. This is the best 
•tttrage WE have yet teen ; can be attachBd to any drill 
laii. Tkej show good apecimens of their field imple- 
Bodi and barn nuchioBry. Of the former there are the 
Eiediior hanows, showing on ingeaioos arrangement for 
iliog the teeth with few bolti; these are of great strengtli . 
OF (he latter wu shown a Worcester prize combined 
Uimhiig and finishing mjichine, fitted with the patent 
■pberical self-a^jniting bearinga, for which ttua firm ia ao 
■dl known. Ilie width of the dram, alia a patent, is S 
fttt. The patent fbur-bone power thrashing machine 
il i» to be had far £60. They show the spherical 
kuiagi separately, .which seem to have gained a good 
gpjnioa aliroad for the ereiineas with whidi they work, 
>od their um-liability to heat. We also observed ■ 
■pcdmei of Conlaim's patent spring hanger, the employ- 
Beat of which in the Ihraahing machines reduces the 
kanngi and the wear and tear. Every invention whieh 
teadi to quiet motion most be eoniidered advantageona. 
Oir stiention wu called to a pretty model of an apparatoi 
tir aareying fionr, grain, straw, Sec., from one warehonse 
Id uother aeroia a road, or from any one point to any 
otW point over an ioterrcniog apace. It eonaiits of two 
puilld wire iwcB, on which ran two imall carriages with 
■nugementi for attaching a sack or other package, the 
empty curiage retnrnii^ by one rope while the full one 
jnut in an opposite direction. It is ialended to be 
■Hiked by ateam or by hand. 

Ucwra. OiKBETT AND SoM, of Leiaton Works, Sai- 
Dudham, made, aa nsnal, a good ahow, excellent work- 
Diukip bang perceptible in ererj article. There was 
Me cajrital speemien of tiicir eight-horse power road 
''■^tna eogia«, mounted on improved block springs, 
•hieh relieve the engine of all jar or vibration while it is 
tnv^ing, and consequently reduces the wear-and-tear. 
TU moke-boi, cylinder, and hnnel bottom are all in a 
BD^ casting, a Mpital piece of workmanahip. The engine 
i> sonneeted with the driving-wheel bv means of an 
ndku diain passing over a ehun-wheel key^ fiat to the 
iriiing-aile. Ether of the driving-wheels can be rotated 



i the SI 



a of a 



iltcifctha', tlu engine ii compact, and the genen 
■Rmgonait show that the firm hai not in vain ei 
icwwnd to pmjde for a very plainly-expressed want o 



the part of the pnbltc. They showed a lamoua twalve- 
horae power portable engine, and one of the well-known 
combined thrashing and finiahing machines, in which, by a 
clever arrangement, several blasts are obtained by one ud 
the same bo. The bearings are Few, and so extenuJlj 
placed ai to be eaaily reached when the maehina ia it 
work. Iliey ahow one of their eiccllent seed drills, toge- 
ther with Messrs. 1. and F, Howard's itaam eoltivating 
apparatus, for which they aie agents. Thia can be worked 
by their own traction engine. 

Wu. STBivaNS, Godolphia-road, Hammersmith, Iion- 
don, took his itand beside hii ateam-plough, which won 
him honour at Worcester. How the matter will be settled 
between him and Mr. Fowler seems ss yet a little unde- 
cided ; bnt he is receiving and eiccnting orders for his 
implement, which ia mueh liked where it has been worlced. 
II now is shown materially strengthened, and better 
fitted to deal with the work which put it ^ra de eomiat 
at Worecater. Ilia implement, it may be deiirable to 
state, is perfectly parallel, and of equal height fTtmi back 
to front. It consists ot two frames, the upper one filed, 
sad the nnder one divided into two porliona, each 
being independent. The plough-bo^es are fixed to the 
under frame, and are elevated and depressed by means of 
a rack and pinion. This rack and pinion renders the 
entry of the ploughs into the soil perfectly certua, and 
fixed as to depth. The furrow tide of the plough is 
graduated in inches, so that the plonghman can pitch at 
[rieasut« tbe depth to which he wishes to go. The plo^b 
rides on fonr wheels, three b^ug on tbe land tide. Tlie 
driving-wheels measure S ft. S in. in diameter. The total 
weight it nbont IS cwt. The plough is steered by means 
of a rack and pinion, turned by n wheel, ii^idcr the command 
of the ploughman. 'Hie price of the four-furrow -plough is 
£aS. He also showed a set of sppamtus, consisting of 
the plough and grubber combined, a well-made ten-horae 
portable engine, with windlass, and other attendant 
articlea, ralue £470. 

S1CK.IBD HoRHSBr AND Soss, of Spittlcgatc Iron 
Worla, Grantham, made a very Urge display of very well 
CDsde agricultural machinery. Of coiirae there was to be 
found Uie Worcester priee portable engine and finiahing 
threshing machine. These bore the name of Lord Fal- 
menton, for at the close of the show they proceed to 
Broadlandi. The latter presentssome point worth notice. 
A patented arrangement tuu recently been made for 
cleausiug, elevating, and bagging the chaff, ^ which 
means tMs valoable commodity is better cared for. 



shaker spindle, instead of being e 
and the elevator puUqr 
A vary slight demand 



the opposite 



[ieJ throngh. 



the labour of one attendant, and to 
preserve the chaff. This firm ia aniioua to call attention 
to a new patent swathe-deUvery reaping machine, of which 
we shall be sbla to form a better idea at Neweaatte in July 
next than now. It certainly looka light and um^e, and 
is said to be the result of fifteen years' study. The moghine 
is pulled into the crop with two hocsea. Tha wheels «e 
two in number — n driring wheel, 2 Eeet 6 inclua diameter, 
and a osnyiuc wheel on the other side, beneath tha plat- 
form, about 6 inches wide, and quite oat of the way of the 
standing com. Ihe [datfoi " ' "' ' 

obliquely from tbe knife bi 



likeCmS' 



IM 



THB FABMBR*S MAOAZINB. 



kOl'i BtU'i mMAtiw. bj patent ittBl foik idinrj ciliiini, 
which Duj be coniidered i gnat impronment apoa the 
webi. Throngiiinit the nuehine *teel chtiiiB >re driTcii 
b; notched piniOQi.in place of buidi. The height o( ent 
n KgnUted by ■ toothed qnidnat aod wona, from 2 to 13 
inehei. The dririag-wheeL, 3^ feet in diameter, raikea 
oa« rerolntian tg 12^ of the cnnk ; the throw of the 
knib ii 4^ mehei, and ikt waght of th« whole ij about 
H owt. The gearing leema limple, and the parte aimplj 
ani liMiTdr arraogBd. Tlu driTW appean (o hare 
poww to throir all tka maflhinwiy out of geai by ■ note, 
mnt ot U« foot. Tha piioe ia £82, Thii Ann ii earning 
ont at maan&ohirma of a teriee of thew harraatiog and 
graai tutting implementa, both timpla and combined. 
Thera an aJao the weU-knawq ahanipkw plongha of all 
lian, and the new tnrnip-cutten and polpan, the lattar 
being highit ipoken of by thf Eoyal Soatij't Jodgea in 
tha foUowmg tarma: " It will oommeBd itaclf to tha 
(armer by the obaracler of it» kniTBa, or rather grindara, 
wUdi aiB Matly drawn (beii^ itoppad with wooden pe^), 
eaaQy aharpeoad and reaet, efaeap, and danbls. Would 
that man'i dentition waa a> elhetual and awamtnodating." 
Than wai a good Maortment alao of driUa, dreaaiag 
maohinia, and waahing, wringing, and mangUng macbinea. 
ITiUiitii TAaiEn AND Soys, of Anda*er, Hampahira, 
ooniideriiig the dlataocc from homa, made a Tcry fair 
ihow with a oombiniid flmihing thnahing machine; a 
winnowing machine : s com and aeed drill ; a 
two-hone power thraihing machine ; the patent windlaaa, 
with moit inganiooa inn-and-planet motion, to t>e naed 
with any lleam caltiTating aopantni (£TI>). It does not 
necaaiitate the itoppage of tne engine when the coarae of 
the plongh ia retened. Thif thowed alto aome very good 
^onght and harrowa. 

ATKtliri) AiTD PoBTSB, of Bocheater, Kent, ^wed 
only thnr traciion engine, ia two lizea, eight and ten- 
hone powBF. This capital engine hai now made an ntab- 
liahad Tcpntation, not only at home but abroad. Having 
takoD teTeiai medali at rariooB fiaropean eihibitiona, it it 
no nncommon olyect in Holland and Fniatia and France. 
Two have jnit proceeded to Etnttia, to be oied in the 
GoTaranent doi^-yuda ; two are in Egypt, driiing 
Howard'* ateam Biutiratini apparatiia) three are in Java, 
employed in the rcmDval of produce -, and three are in 
Anitralii, carrying eappar ore for the Copper Hinbg 
Company. Thete engine are adapted for tha oarriage of 
hMvy niaterialt, for the pumping of water, br the eulti- 
vatinn of landi, br driving, tawing, and other machinery, 
One of thcM aajpnet, bqilt tbii autumn for Kichar4 
Hartmanu, the enunent Looomotire engineer of Chemniti, 
Sauuy, w«a tried at Boeheiter before departnre, when it 
draw SS^ tone in addition to ita own weight un a long 
iodtno of 1 in 12. The coat price of the eigbt-borM 
poirer eaKine i* £300, and a itnog waggoa, capablo of 
eartTing 7 toni, an wood wheeli, ooita £S0. The engina 
ha* two ipceda — the ilow one, of two milea an hour, for 
bad roadi or Ilel4 work ; the ather, of foor niilM in haar, 
for good rwda, 

TnroRD A Sona, Botton, Uneolnihira, ahowed a 
ipeolmen of one of tlwta auparior portable ateam 
englaai, with horliontal eyllndar and tnbiUar boiler, 
whish BC tnrpriaed nt all at Woroerter, by running fl honrt 
SSt mlnntea with lewt. of ooal, working np to ita foil 
power all the timt! It wu tha 10-hone power doable 
oylindar, priae jESBS. There were two of imaller power, 
one ot whieh waa a B-bona poww, together with an 



traction toj^e ; and we nndantMkd that they km 

brought ont a new irindlaaa fiir ateam enltiTatiaii, ia 
whidi frictional gearing ii emjdoyed for avoi^ng bmk- 
Bg« of the wire-rope, 3ie breaka bdng telf-actuig. Tlu 
Worcetter price fin'ih'ng lb lit''' "g machine wu not 

JoHH FowLU, Steam Flongh Worki, Leedi, tbowtj 
one 14-horte power donble cylinder tteam pk«^liitj; 
engine, one engine of 10-hone power, one tLiBrfim)* 
plough, and a acven-Hned culMvator. Thei« are M in- 
proTementa to notioe in Uiit ({iparatnt, but the aoti 
that boized round it during the abow apoke of the io- 
torwt eicited by ita perfbrmanee. The tackle bai woe 
golden oplnioni abroad, and ia now to be fonad dertlep- 
ing the reaonrcea of Anatria, Hungary, Pniuia, fnart, 
Ruaaia, and the Principalitiea. At immenae eipaue tkej 
are trantported to India to prepare the land for cotton, Ua, 
co^, and indigo ; the sacred beaati and bird* of the Nile 
are eontemnlating the foor-fnrrow j^ongh, and not a tttk 
trying to the prejadicea of the popnlatian mnitbe Qa 
itride eipected of opinion, from Uie old-world jarat 
plongh, which alid along In the doit of the taAa, 
refusing to grapple with tlte aoit, to thit ptfftcted iann- 
tion ot modem timet. Onr eoloaiee are becomiof 
acquainted with the valne of ateam-nlongMng appartti^ 
eapecially tfaote where the climate ia detrimental to horM 
■ ■,llc. When the new w -■-- — 



will be turned out duly. The apace now allows onl)' du 
conttruotion of four enginea weekly. This sbowi ■ npi 
increase lince 18S1, at whieh date the inieotcr bil 
acarcdy conodved a notion ot his aleam-drain^ plmA 
which waa the parent of the pment apparatui. Hi* 
oatalogne now eontaini teatimanult from no Uat than 101 
men who seem to be lalitfied with the effecU prodmnj 
by the apptrahu. 

A. and B. Caoaaiiii, fieraley, Yotkihire, iho» n 
usual tbtir olod-erother, whieb it now bmng nitd m la 
a4innot to the ttaam-nnltiTating appantDt ; alto i »>«■ 
men ot a strong ane-borae cart, to carry BO ewt,, Btttd 
with haireat-shalvinge (£14), wbe^ and ailea of n- 
ctillent mMnfiMtore; a well-made pair-horae n^geai * 
simple ISO galloa %uid-maaora cut (£17) i tbeArcb- 
madlan-tcrew root-wadier ; and a model ot tha portatie 
railway now mmh naed where wood ia cIm^ IM n'^ 
aaiy angla-iran, tmoka, and tnnitablea only being i^liu, 
Thaprioe, to carry IS owt., i hat 8 inch gang), u ** 
per running yard, wood aud imn togathar. Thin nj 
the patent Victoria aheaf-dallvaring reaper, impmnd 
and ounnlhetured by thia firm, and a saleotion of p^ 

Ci^rroN, Shdttlbwobtb, 4md Co,, Lincoln, m»J" 
large display ; one of the moat conipicuons ohjccti n> 
one of a number of li-borao power traction engitft 
lately ordered by the Egyptian Government, lo be nied u 
ateam -cultivation. Thit is but one branch of an immrat 
tnde carried on abroad by this arm, who tiy tisl IMJ 
last year tent 180 steam-enginea ind thraahiag-macluM* 
to thrir agency in Tienna, and that a large trade it ifrvifr 
ing up in Italy and Oermany. The eni^aM eikibiW 
wera ot nU powars. together with fiied enginis, i« 
iplcndid workmanthip, and combined tbraihing uW 
flniihiug mackinca, with the aame qualification! i ^ 
benchea, oom-millj, and flour-dreasina njicbines- I" 
tmctioa ensiae floea the ftrm great erdit : in detail it a 
pa^Bot, and notwithttondiag itt li»e the propoitwM W 
good. A shelter ii raited aver tha engtneman. 

Wiuuv Bail, Hothwell, Kattering, had a gie^** 
pUy of the ploughs to wdl known at the various pleagW 
matchea in the shim, together with a wdl^ada tWfr*«« 
waggon («0), tn «wla, «aA • MHlte. 



zed bv Google 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



100 



Turn ul TuDsiMK HowtXD, 
tfsrb, Bedford, eihiUted > aet of thrir atMni eoltintiag 
■ppantiu, with l.SOO jtiit of iteel ntge tni t«n.hor«e 
ftnr •e!f-pro{id]iii|[ niKiiie, priM £870. TUi sppantua, 
00 KferriHg to the Uit {nT tratimonUi, bu broken gniimd 
tg Bedfordihire, BHuhtre, BiieUB^uiuhln, Cuabrldf^- 
itin, Dantt, Emst, Gloneeitadtif^ Hunp«h<re, H«re- 
brliUre, RnatiogtoiuMn, Kent, Iii&euhire, Leiceater- 
ihire, Lineoliulura, Monmanth shire, Norfolk. Northamp- 
tauliire, Notts, Oifordihire, Shropthire, Suffolk, Somr, 
haiei, WiTwiduhiii!, Wiltdiiro, WorEettenhiro, York. 
liux, SeotUnil, uidTreluid. Thecluneterof thna testl- 
iiuiudi ii higidf utitbetoiy. Ijke the rest of their 
hnthrcn Ih^ ire npptjing Ihe Eurapetn and colonial 
dflnud which triaei, not merelj for thdr ateam apparatni, 
hi for Ihe ploaghs ind hsrrowo apoB which thej founded 
tteir Testation M i great manoButurbig Bno, before 
*aa etme to be u ubowledged powv a tha Odd. We 
nre pointed to a new and appamtl; tot aMeUant 
ridgJDg frame, which ii dangned to npenads the ordlmarj 
(iu ID the celtintor. It hat been prorad to throw np 
lit [ad In boBt*, and to labwil tbalamdat the Mme time 
Ii int-nte ttjie. Two i«T«rnb1e wingi are hinged, ae it 
nrt, Ttrticallj to the tine, their lower line jnit working 
oTcrthehTDRd share, llese wingi consist of three thidc 
ribi, loiDetfaing like the potato tpreader, althongh mwh of 
tks aonld whiih somas ■gaioit them to pus thnngfa. The 
plHfk hss indergon* [* few noiple chwigeai it ii sow 
pliteii on Anr whceli, vhloh noiden the strange eaaier, 
sul rtsadici it in work, 'niey show alio a verj' eioellent 
inns nle marked XX, in which a patent lerenge is used, 
ij «Ueb the teeth when in work ara laiaed tnm the cen- 
tnl sila, and are thn* l<A(ne to ad^ thenieliM to the 
bn^lliritiM of the inrfhce. Ilie front part of the rake on 
viiek the teeth an loapended ii held in peaition at the 
■me time bf a lelf-MtiDg nonment of the leret. Thef 
■ho bare nada a grmt iuprovement on tha ebtin harrow, 
^ (outraeting Um Unki of a tripod ^pe, with aaae- 
'■'dned pi^ta on aaeh lida. It can bo woiked wther 
ads a[nranii, and baokwardi or ferwardl, 

^- S. Undhhill, St. Mary's Works, Newport, Salop, 
oUbiled the new patent blast elevator, one of tiie most 

HtBji that he baa now sopplied 8,000. It la a happy 
Uiig when a man nakee )o decided a hit, and introduces 
u improrement to a necesaarj machine, which can be ap- 
[licd at bnt imall npenae. He hid i sii-horM power 
dnlile-blKt thnihing machine, whinhhasonlir IS bearings 
uidtin rtnps; a tern land implementai Phillips 'i drill 
lor loiring ircd in gaps miaaed or tikea by Bj, ke. (h.) ; 
aodili of hind TB-giUon oarti Cor liqnida or lolidf ; i 
Mreaiaot lilUa stove on wheela, with ooalboi behind; 
ud I sain of cattle and aheep troughi of nlrioiied iron. 
UieUUa being on wheels, 8 feet long. 12 inches wide and 
B Jap, with wiie framework oyer (17e.). 

HoLHBs um So.va, Prospect Place Works, Norwich, 
•■Dwtd nothing ipeciallT new, but good specimeQi of the 
irilli and mannre diatrbulon for Targa and small ocon- 
puioQs, lo which BO msnj priifs have now been awarded 
^J tk RojU Society, the connty aocietiea, and it the 
'jnou tontisenta! intemationil exhibitions. They aba 
■«*ed their priie B-horae power portable steam-engine, 
4ie priie combined thnihing and finuhioK maohlne (£120), 
' try perfect well-made machine, and the elovR' seed 
Ibuher sad ihdler, 

Tgl PloPfttETOU 01 THB BKTXKLIT IlON WOMIS, 

"'ETlej, Yorkriiire : Thii important linn, formeriy known 
u Wm. Croiskill, then u Crosakill's Tnuteea, and now 
7 the shore duitlnction, toake u oiuil a Urge dia- 
m of the ipecialitUx of their mannbctore. Tie wheels 
•U siIm an of exeeUe&t worknusihfp ; ao i1m m the 



I, of Ton'i pig troogfa*, and ti a eimple 
urt, euabU of holding ISO galloni (£1T). 
Impla hraaa ontM tiIto and lerer, lo ar> 



sirta and waggoni, now la mnch used, n* Leeda priia 
8-herte reaper, so weB adapted to farToiriesi large Aeld^ 
aa they all wQ! be when ateam cnltintion is a ftsw year* 

older, wai visible and nnalterod. 'Hiere w 

of elod crtah 

atted with a 

tanged that a man oan open and shnl it as he walks hj 
the aide of the bona, A trough with four flariUe tabes 
can be snbititated for the mmd board, if it ii desired to 
water in row* Initead of broadeast. Tbi* tut hM won 
golden opinion*. The portable (arm railway (4*. the nin> 
ning yird), with light tipping waggons, ia an object of 
attraiTtioa and porahase to many, so sonvenisnt ii it for 
oonreying mannre, marl, lime, roots, end earth, over wet 
land. It i< made In IK Ibot lengths. 8 ftet 6 Id, gaoga, 
each iMgth consisting of two longitndinil tieepert, whiii 
are edged with an^ iron, and are oonnsctod by trans- 
*«rt« aleepera, in such a manner that they can b« (oldad 
like a parallel mier whan taken np. The bona eraaho' of 
all die* most not he omitted from tJila oategory. 

R*trsoxE3 AND SiHB, Ipiwich, Soffolk, show Iheir 
strength in til dlrectiDoi, from an 8-horse power steam 
engine to a cake breaker, their mannftcture* being gene- 
raUy characterised by simplicity of constmction, ease of 
leptir, eioellence of workmiaihjp and miteiiol, and, con- 
sidering the combinatioa of these qnnlitiet, of cheapnEas. 
No firm, we believe, was earlier in the Held, or has done 
more lo promote that age of progreas in which we now 
r^oise. Their plongh* still maintain a very high posi- 
tion : ia barrows they hare reoently introduced some im- 
provement*. They snowed a set of what ate termed 
tolid /rami harraat," tha fromR b«ng vronghtiroa 
riveted together, and not nooneeted by the bttening* of 
the teeth. The t«eth are indqiendent, of plain soaan 
iron, equally strong thronghoot, and without i shomder, 
They are bstened to the frame by clip* end screwi, ia a 
wsy whiob renders them perfectlyrfgid, and their lengfli 
cay be r^pilited at pleaanre. We discovered alto a new 
paltnl joinltd harrev, in vrhieh the teeth are itUched to 
a Jomted (tame, which allows them with the irreatest fh> 
oiUty to follow the irregnlirities of the aoil. There were 
tevCFal root cattera, chaff cnttera, com and cake cnuhen, 
combined and nnivenil mill* of eieellent make, and the 
A I steam thraihing and flniahing machine, eontainiog th« 
patent adjurtohle rotary wire com acreen, which forms a 
most adminhle finisher. 7%e S-horse portable engine 
poBsessei a few improvement* worthy of mention. The 
foreoirriage snpport* the boiler on a bill-ind- socket Joint, 
which preventa much strain over rongh road* ; the gover- 
nor! are very simple, takiag eSkctire and direct bold of 
the throttle-Tilvoi and two tie.rods are introdnced between 
the cylinder and tha brackets, which tend to relieve the 
Sy-wh»el bracket* of much strain. The Tietorii naper 
we* not exhibited. 

Wooca Aim Cocuidoi, SuflHilk Iron Woika, Slow- 
market, showed a Jodieions t^oction of their tood'prqiaring 
machines, attention being speciiUy directed to the Gardner's 
tnniip-cntter, improved by the strong iron (rune which 
oterkps the wood frame and prevenla it from being rotted 
by damp. They showed also one of their celebiated priie 
portable eom'grinding millsi fitted with Londou-bailt 
French burr stones, fixed in itrong inn frunei. The 
mode in which these itooei con be instaatly set for wheat 
or bulay is very simple. Tha speciineiu of ban 
machineiT compriied thiaahing and dresung machines 
comhiQed, two-hone thiasher*, weighing machines. The 
field and road implement* comprised for the moit part 
carts of good build, and extirpators ; and wb obserred a 
sample cri! the excellent hotM gear lent out bv this firm 
for diiving thsfr chaff fng**^^j priie toot-nunctTj Aad 



THE PARMBR'a MAGAZINE. 



ndlflr enuhing mill. The *k*ftuif; 1m* knl mth Ilia 
' RToiuid, Bad thfl iaUnaedi*t« motioii, eatirtlf iron, it 
fitted with a clutch to throw in ind ont of gcu without 
■topping tlie honea or the atcam-Bngine. 

E. R. AND f. TUKNBR, St. Peten Iron Worki, Ipiwich : 
"nui flna tliowed on* of the portabte enginn for which 
thejr h&ve obUined gmt aiitiuetion. A combined 
thruhing Duchinoi fittel with Bobf '■ Mreen u a ftniiher 
l£eS) ; one of the eipitd carn-muhen, 10,000 of which 
have now been mpplied to their 



It hie 

mode of tteein colliT&tian. Mr. Hell wu there to explain 
hia own nuehintry, and treated t, eoniidenbte amount of 
■enaation amongit ttioae who are looking out for improTed 
mold. He haa now made a decided advance, and finda 
himaelf able to emploj S enginea of imaU power, combin- 
ing ther force to eiert one continued pull npon the imple- 
ment worked. This is done bj meana of aectional 



the ildaa of the polfgon, and each aide conlaina a pro- 
jecting toQgne into which the link fit>. The engiDa are 
placed on oppoaite headlanda like Sarorjr'a, and being 
worked together, thn nnite in their elTorti to drag the 
plough or cultivator backwarda and forwarda. In this caae 
the enginea are both tocomotiTe, of courae ; but Mr. Hall 
hu made an eudavonr to adapt hia ajatem to the 
ordinary portable farm engines of the day. We would 
not advise him to bestow mnch attention on this armnge- 
meot however, but to give his undivided attention to the 
perfection of the first arraagement, which yet abonnda 
with many difflcnltie* of det^. This has been tried by 
Hr. Hall npon his own farm, and found to work vary 
well, and aa we hope .to give a report of it from Princei 
Gate Farm, we wiU let this noUce now snfflce. 

T. V. AsHBT & Co., Stamford, for many year* maon- 
factniera of fint-ebaa agricaltnnl machinery, are atill at 
thcii atand. Thdr new patent haymaker, posaeasing all 
the advantagea oF the original hsymakera, which may be 
called the parent of haymaken, hu been much simplified. 
The main aile ia now aolid, and carries eitcmal diifling 
apparatus, which can easily be got at by the worknuui. 
The machine is itrengtbened, and the gearing is so arranged 
tliat the revolving forks are instantaneou^ reversed by 
the driver, withont hia being obliged to lave the hone. 
It ii stated that two thonsand of the old machiuea have 
been sent out, and a large number of tbeae haTC gone 
abroad. They show a series of their well-known cbaff- 
cattera, eake mills, a four-horae power portable steam- 
engine — a much approved macliiae — with combined 
thrnaher and combined foiu-horse power portable grinding 
mill, £36. Hie rotating harrows are exhibited, and the 
service they have rendered to the many purchasen has 
elicited a quantity of lestimoniala contained in the cata- 
logue. Where they work at all, there is roson to eipect 
them to work weU. The teeth of the ardioiiy hanuw 
working panllel with tlie linea of the furrow alicea leave 
those livery fwrow-sUcea too frequently in thrir integrity 
even alter paaaing over them three or (bur times. The 
heavy-land fanner wishes only that he coold cross the 
land ; once woold cover the seed, bnt he dare not. The 
horses muat be kept in the fiirniw ; and here i> the means 
by which, the horses walking in the (brrows, the harrows 
may still work at right-a^es to the ftirrows, which 
aie thoroughly broken np before and after the drill. 
Drawn by steam they are doubly effective, for the increased 
pace gives the quicker rotary motion, 

Edwabd Hcicphkiks, Ferahore, Worcestershire, shows 
only the combined tluashing machine, which prepares 
pais, and Bnishet it for market in flnt-rata style. 



Bijwnr, EUUL, un AMDum, Kateipave Inn 

Works, Rnding : lliis firm, which has now attiintd a 
Eoropean reputation for aplendid en^tkC and mill aeik, 
ahow fine apedmens of tiieic anm and Uiree-boiK 
power portable engines, and their sii-horse power iitd 
engine; also a combined thrashing machine, a at- 
bench, a hay maehine, a horse-rake, together with a xris 
of chaffcntters, and gnin mills. There is an eiteiiiiTe 
demand for the " lawy Aorte mtrii," which hsce noa 
piites and medala, and honoarable distinction, In evet] 
part of Europe and America. The; arc used without Ibl 
necestity for an intermediate motian. The hones hA- 
ing round three timei a minute, causes the lay shiR U 
revolve 100 times in the same time; and the works in 
c<Hnpletely boied so as to be out at the way of doing o: 
leceiving iqniy. 

Tboku B. Atbbkikd, Walham Green, LondoD,ti- 
dted much attention by an exceedingly well made chof 
and daahing brmer's out, which ia fitted rather to eeanj 
himself and family, or [uga, calvea, paultry, &c., to msrkrl. 
It is well hnng on three springs, Uic body ii well fnmed 
with ash, the nillan at the comera aro accDred with ina, 
the aile is CoUinite'*, the ahafta are of lancewood ; tlxit 
is a raised atnffed'Wk and euihions, with patent listka 
daah and winga, and ^ated ailTer lampa. It is s apui 

BnowH & Mat, North Wilta Fomidry, Derin 
■bowed good specimens of their B-hoiae pDWCT ptflaUi 
steam engine, highly commended at Worcester, aadu 
improved road locmnotive traction engiiu^ adsptcd It 
drive ploughing, thruhing, tawing, aud other nudiiiiaj. 
In the engine Uie cylinder ia placed at the front at d 
the boiler, and is ileam-jacketed ; the exhaust itcan ii 
not allowed to rob the boiler of heat by passing Ihmuk 
it, but is made to enter the funnel direct. It tas bi 
driven at two speeds — two and four mile* an hour. Al , 
the Utter speed the ei^t-hraree-power traetioa-eagiM ^ 
draw twenty-five tou on the lerel road. The poww ii 
communicated to the driving-wheels by neaiia of an md- 
leas pitch-chain, and bo^ wheels can be moved at phanrc 
The tender, fixed behind the fire-box, will carry wiltr al 
fuel for an eight or a ten mile jonmey. They did got 
exhibit the irindlaas nsed to work Smith'a implonenti.fc 
which they are agenta. The new cmshint-mill, at |k* 
power, ia more for commercial than agricoltunl pntpMO, 
aud i) used by those who deal in ores and copmlitei. 

Maishul, Sons, and Co. (limited), Britaiuiia hw 
Works OainsboTongh, Uncolnahire, showed KTcrsl eu- ^ 
made steam-engines, portable and (bed, and a good tuf- 
lar-saw bench, 

Philip AMD H«MBr Philip OiBBOKs, Wantage, Bri^ j 
had a combined thraahing machine, to finish tor ain<*i 
well -constructed and cheap. 

Gmsai Rtbek AMD Co., Chuci-gate Sngina Woi^ I 
Leiceater, exhibited a '' ' "' ' "* 



with economy of ftiel, and a httjmaker which awailt 
Newcastle trial. 

F. H. WsNHAV, 1, Onion fioad, Cln^umRoad, Ua- 
don, brought a specimen of no improved engine, !»1W 
by him a " Patent compound portable steam "^l^ 
In this engine the atcam ia led direct from the bodoto 
the amall cylinder at the front end of the boiler, tli< a- 
haust steam from which is coaveved by a pipe, ^"""J 
through the heating chamber, placed in the imoh ™ ■' 
the end oF the boiler, and having tubea coineident tho*- 
with, ao that both may he swept iot together. The H»" 
is much increased in volume by thia heater, whitb cin « 
easily removed at will, and from thence enters Ibc lup 
cyhnder on tliB oppoiitc aid* of tha fimui^ thicufi ■ PF*' 



lb I 



.cdbyGoO^lt. 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



Ill 



ud ia fiuUf cxhuulcd throng the cbimni^ bf the jet' 
It ii Bud tlint engiins coulmelcd on tliii pittern, with 
> bailer ptnnte of lOOlbe., anuame ooly 21bs. of ood 
per indiated hane-powsr per honi. Although we have 
Kit Hca thie engine at work, we notiee so importuit i 
ititemmt, in order that those who are wiihiug to ecouo- 
miie fad may at once nuke their own inqmriei. 

Buiowe AHD Cauiicbibti, Banboiy, Oien, ihowed 
1 rimple, cfieettTe, well-made, and cheap portable iteam 
cB^ve of ten-horae power, a* a nmple of tiuai warci. 

THE GALLERIES. 

}ob:i Aixm Willuhs, Bajdon, Hongerford, VOU, 
Iniight ■ nnmber of implementi adapted for iteam colci- 
TitioD, which have been tried on hi> own farm. They 
nmiitcd of a enlttvator, a net of three-ridge plongba for 
tht enltiTator frame, a leiel hand-preaur, and lome 
noddi. There ia mnch in them worthj of attention, 

JiHES CoULTAS, JDN., Spittli^te, Grantham, ihowed 
twe priie twelve-row com drilli, a Gve-row turnip drill, a 
priK liquid mannre drill, and a fore-earriage drill 
sUenge, all of ondeniabt; good workmaitahip. 

A. B. Cbilds aNDCo., 481, New Oiford-atreet, Loa- 
^ diowed a (criet of American inventiooi, for which he 
Mcmi to be the ^cimt in thia eoDntif . They are all of Ibem 
UKni-vTing machines, and are mostlj characterlaed bv 



dmro, Gaboon's patent American brmdcait leed-iowcr, 
tHtent Americmn poet-hole ai^r, Hagley'a patent aelf- 
uyoiting wringing machine, and Child't patent waahing 
niclune. One of the beat of all, however, ia English. 
Mujr well remember Qittaa and Laggctt'a patent non- 
ptnil ehafF-cntting machins, which eioited anirenal 
•dmintion at Worcester. This was on the atand, and 
MODI likely to have a good run. 

HowiiTH AND Co., 20, Keppel-Btreet, Rnsietl Sqnare, 
^owed two well-made cheap carta, conitractcd of Scotch 
nniihed elto. 

Teohas OiSBS & Co., Comer of Half Moon-Street, 
BccadiUy.as nmal made a good display of roota, consisting 
of limg red mangel wnrUels of IS or 20 Un. weight, 
from Lord Damley'a farm ; of yellow globe, from a crop 
■dfdiiDg 68 tons to the acre, from the Royal Farm 
■1 Windior; of kohl rabi; of the hardy greyatone 
taunipa (21 Ibi.], from Lord Baroley ; of green 
mmu, from Sir T. Throckmorton'a ; of green top 
;d]uw> far late feed, a biantiful variety with amall neck. 
Tit new mangel does well, and gains ground. There 
■trt good colleclions of dried jpeciinens of pennanenl 
gnues, of English wheat, barley, oats in ear ; of gnisa 
Kcda, and seeds of all kinds. 

Jobs Rktnolds, 67, New Complon-alreet, Soho, 
Ifnidoa, thawed some really capital eipalier wire fencing, 
wbick ii light and eicesaively ornamental, together with a 
Bitle wire protection to throw over a row of newly-sown 
garJea seeds, to protect them from bTrda. 

BaiDaiWATBS Pabe, SoDthampton, ahowed a good ae' 
leetioa of roots and aeeda, bat his iCand waa a aonrce of 
pat attiaction by reason of a large selection of " Blon- 
itU'a Cattle Mebn," which has now been cnltivated in 
the Geld, and proved to be a good cattle food. It is cal- 
ndited to nil the vacnnm daring the months of Anguit, 
S^iteinber, and October, before the ordinary root crops 
It it. iSi. Blundell, it appears, prepares hia land aa for 
KBngela, roannriog heavQy; sows in tfas middle of May. 
Ike cnqi, removed on the 28tb September, vtcighed 40 
tool per acre. A part of the fieia, treated in a similar 
*>y, and town with Orange Globe Mangels, yielded bat 
^ tons per acre, the etpoin of caJtnn being the same in 



both caaea. The melon growa to an immnise siie, five or 
ail fruit springii^ from one seed. He crop eihanata the 

land leas than the turnip crop, and derives moat of ita 
■upport from the ataospheie ; and the tnatyiii made by 
Sr. Voelcker preaents an evidence of ita fine feeding 
propertiea. Packeta of fifty seeds are sold fbr 2t. Bd. 
Mr- Fage'a roots were very good — Long Red Mangels 2 
feet 6 mcha long, Improred Purple Tuikard Turnip for 
early teed IS inches by T, Grey Stone Turnip 10 Inche* 
in diameter. 

Fbbdkbick EcaiNQTON AND Co., Old Kent-road, 
London, showed a variety of waterproof waj^oa and 
cart-covers, hemp hiCten, aacka, waterproof lain-elolha, 
and aelectioDa of horseclotha, together with a keg of ^i- 
proved cart-grease. 

Gbosqe Gibbs and Co., £6, Down-street, Piccadilly, 
made a vaj attractive show, as usual, of roots and seeda 
of all descriptions. They call particular attention to the 
Ashcroft Swede, a large keeping turnip, with a fine top, 
of which good apccimcns were shown. From Mr. 
Drewitt'i farm at Guildford were shown Yellow Globes of 
321bs. weight; from Mr. Robinsau'i, of Derby, Drum- 
head Cabbages (the largest exhibited) of 46IbB. weight ; 
and fine Green-top and Pnrple-top Hybrid Turnips from 
Chichester. Lord Lonsdale had sent some fine Kohl Rabi, 
Mr. Drewitt some magnificent Long Red Mangels, Col. 
Ames aome of Watson's Purple-ti» Swedes, well grown. 
The Potatoes were fine, one large Regent weighing nearlr 
3lbs. The stand was beautifnlly decorated at top with 
arches of barley-ears hanging from their plaited straw, be- 
neath a pretty border of weien vorit^ted holly leaves. 

John BDociOTON and Co., 48, Long-lane, Smithfield, 
showed modela of riek-ckitha, specimens of sack-twines, 
thatching cord, cordi^ for all sorts of purposes, sacks, 
and improved waggon and mochine-coveis. 

J. C. Wheelir and Son, Gloucester, showed a good 
stand of roots and seeds. 

DumiELD AND East Ridino Pciue Linbkio Caki 
CoKFANi (limited), Driffield, Yorkshire, ahowed a stock of 
aweet-smdling eake. 

Ratkbird, Caujecott, and Bawtbbe, Basingiloke, 
Hants, showed a good selection of roots, comprising Long 
Red Mangels, weighing ISlbt. ; Long Yellowa, 221b«. ; 
fine Globes ; a new hardy While Swede, guaranteed to 
atond frost ; and the case which was at the International 
ia filled with samples of wheat and barley, beantiftally 
arranged. 

Geoboe WHrrwDRTH AND Co., Jamdco-row, Ber- 
mondsey, showed their bighly-cooceatrated fish manure. 

Geoxob Tuxheb, Rose-terrace, Brompton, London, 
diowa mincing and chopping machines, case of horti- 
cultural inuilementa, weigmng machines, pumps, and cast- 
iron ware for garden purposes. 

John Milton Jo-xis, 21, Westgale-street, Gloucester, 
showed a composition for waterproofiog leather, and ■ 
specimen against foot-root in sheep. 

FxEDEEtcK Batnhah, 66, Lant-street, Southwark, 
exhibited samplea of Indian [rig-meal, and granulated oil- 
cake. 

F. M'Neil and Co., Asphalted Hoofing Felt Works, 
BuohUl-row, London, exhibited good specimens of their 
manulactare, which has been well tested by those who 
have the charge of Government works. 

Fhiup Jobnston, 290. Oiford-atreet, London, made 
a large show of dairy apparatus, principally consisting of 
a series of the wooden box-chnms, beginning with the 
smalleat, to make lib. ofhntter, to ooc capable of making 
2Glb,, all dteap and efficient. 
I Chablxs Povibot BsmaH, 87, LeadeoluU-Btttet, 



.cdbyGoO^le 



lU 



THE FA3UIER>S MAGAZINE. 



iMidiDii, (how«d, witbia ■ i^tN mm, (Im actian ot tba 
" Ikf dropatt," k pwtabU An ind guim Bagine, witli 
•action ud (LbUtbij how. Workad 67 one nwn, it i* lud 
to throw B giUou of walK par minuto GO feet. 

Baiuox Abcbei, 1, Diriai rt w rt , Oibrd-itmt, 
ohibiled good diiiy ippantm, together mtli wuhiug 
uuchinei, &o. 

J. 8. AhobI:, ICS, FlMt-itreet, London, ^wed a good 
■deotion of agriciiltiind and horticDltuial books. 

W11.1.14H M-vit, 37, Cfaipel-atreet, PentonTillo, made 



btaotlftal, GonTemeat, tad unttu; flttinp, much 
the preaent dajr. 

BUBT km PoLLAHD, P«rlt Iron Worki, 17, New Park- 
atraet, Soatbwark, ahowedtbeircspitaluU-iwilatuigwind 
engine, (br driving agricuItDral muhinorr in banu. Thia 
■imple mode, in which wind it made available u a mo 
power in the &rm;ard, la likely to bring wind, which 
coming to be diiregardcd s« 1 aonrce of power, again i 
bahion. fiat to water, wind it tbe cheapeat power. Ita 
Ineonitancy it against it, and would render lU aole em- 
plDjment on verj large hrma a doubtM measure ; but 
Ibr uoall ttrtai it la jost the thing. The machinery 
BMded is moat aimplt; tod, with the neceasar^p power, 
thrashing, com-grlndiog, chaff-cntting, pnJping, and 
water-pumping cuii all proceed under one roo^ above 
which the revolving mill-aaila may mitle and whistle and 
enak ia the stiff breete. We hate the greatest plossure 
(n calling attention to thia moit ntefnl intention. 

MoNS. H. CoN:iTBD, New-road, Shepherd's Bush, 
Hanunersmitb, showed his ingeniona machiae foe clipping 
horwt and cattle, on which we conuoeiited at length last 



Jair9 VuiTfUi, 77, Begent-sticet, showed a large 
atock of dain apparatos, hotter moolda, and pretty biead- 
and-butter £thes Ibi the table. 

JuiBa MiTiBRwa, 11, 'WelliDgton-Btreet, Stnnd, 
W.C, exhibited a adectbn of agrieoltural pubLicationi 
that do credit both to writers and readers. 

Fkahcis Huktoh akd Co., Enginaeri and Contractors, 
27, Jamea-street, Liverpool, eihibited various models, in 
galvanised comigated inio, of roofing platei, ttna aheds. 



A. DATI9, 83, Strand, showed spcdmens of well-made 

S. AND K. R\MBO)M um Co., Btaei-atreet, Strand, 
diowed a eeriea of llale'a patent mindng and sansage 
Vaehinaa ; Colina Pnllinger't mousetraps, aotomatan and 
pai^tual; Wihoot'a patent handtraek, the wheels of 
which are immediately locked when the foot is plaead 

rtiie bar, «a it always ia when the employer ta it is 
t to rscure the load. This ia a capital contHvanoa ; 
ud the lacking gear oan easily be attached to (mcks 

BasBT Bbotheu Herilon's Wharf, London, S.E., 
ahonad casks of "Long's Specific," a non-poisonous 
aheep-dreasing i "Long's Foot-rot Lotion," in cases; &c. 

WuxiiH CuLtiHorowi, Wellington-road, Forast-laua, 
Stratlbrd, Essei, exhibited varioui articlos (aemplirTUig 
the niebl natiira of hemp «a4 com^out ^r^ wiilofed 



Thoku Oun um SaM.instoriMttMtiBalben-Ull, 
showed sareral of Ikeir wtU-wnotBd priia lawn-mowot 
and gardiB-roDars ; and a tariW eagina and boGs, bmh 
to ocenpy podtioDt loo enmped tn eoianea and bcalen of 
othflr fbnns. Tho Anudatioa plate bfl&g naad as a Ised 
water tank, in whielt the water i« hesMa befon patoif; 
into the boiler, and also aa aa tahpit, no brickwork or 
(bundatioo is required. 

8tepbb» JIolman, 19, Cannon-atreei, baidea Ik 
well-known hydnnlio pnmp and bydranlie lifting jacks, 
attracted much attention by working a "hydnnlic 
punching lever, wbioh will eat a J-ioch hole in iki mosl 
perfect manner through a ^-inch iron bar, the msn'i arm 
lining a lever up and down a few times, being Uu 
simple motive power, 

JaHu lUwLitioa, 10, Carlton.itreet £ast, showed 1 
sack-bolder of somewhat new eonitruction. 

WauiuaH Wiu,[uuoif, 18S, High Holbcan, nbibitad 
a scriea of washing, wringing, and mangling aiachiafs. 

Bahuii. Liakb Worth, S93, Oxford-street, LoDdoa, 
showed a nambar of miscelLueoiu faaej articles inilable 
to the stable, the kitebeo, the garden, aod the labia. 

Jahu Cartib and Co., 237, Hiich Holbom, Londoc, 
made a very good show iodised of roota. We were psrii- 
eiilarly strunk with hia Tsiietiea of the Impnial Pnrjli 
Top Swede, Elrelhaa Idng Bed Mangel, Orange Globe 
Uangel (of prodigioni aiie), " Jeraey Navet" (aa esity 
sort). Orange Gtobe Tnnip, and Oroy Stone. That 
were benntifol specimens of American Pampas grass, now 
used aa an omafflsnt br lawns, the flowers, wt^ dyed of 
various hues, forming pretty omamenta for the roun IT 
hall. There were spaeimenB of Jeraet kale, leu bet in 
height; a heautifbl case of wheat, oat^ and barley in ttr; 
two samples of garden seed* ; and at each end of the 
stand a specimen of the Picrmiam ienaa, or New Zcakad 
flai, which is used, like eoeoa-nnt fibro, for ooarss irda 
audropca, fto. 

BuMiMM EDaiHDTOH; 2, Dnke-stteet, London-bridp^ 
Sonthwark, made a large display of well-eoBatncttd 
ebeap canvas cloth for various purposea, hemp shup net- 
tiog, and models of marquees faa agricultural tbowa, 

Wii:i,!Ai( Skikviho, 16, Queen-sanare, Uverpool. u 
usual, ahowed a stand of the aweje which takes hu naa^ 
some of the roots being B and 11 inches in diamcler : Ihif 
were aingnlarly aound and tweet. Also some pink eje 
flnke potatoes, a new aelected variety, whkh will kec; 

JosBUA CoocB, Xlsrleatone, Northampton, vsrionsot 
hia well-known priie dreuing roachint and soed dasm. 
The Improved com snd seed dressing machine wds tin 
first pnxe awarded to (hia description of macbint tt 
Worcester, latt July. There is nothing better. 

Button and Sons, Bojal Berks Seed EstabliihmcDl, 
Reading: Thia was certainly a splendid eoUectioa. Tl" 
stand contained no leas than ISO specimens of gl»^ 
usel\il and ornamental, all grown by this firm. Tlie the 
of potsteea was quite remarkable, comprisiBg !0 lorts : 
amongst them Sutton't Early Bacebotse, Prince of Wiltt, 
Royal Ashleaf, King of nukes— one of thcie weigliiiit 
211». In mangels, the firm was acarcely op to thiii vad | 
msik. There wss a mangel of fine appearance, knonn f 
Sutton't Intermediate, wnich produces gmt weigl>t p^ I 
also fair apeelmens of yellow globe, Elvethsm KU 
Of Sutton's Champion Swede, Ihnn Ue Bof^ 
form, there were splendid specimens, their small lop! i" 
finojy-tormed bnlba atriking the ije at once. Soo" 

jplied by Henry Crawshay, Esq., Oatlanda Park, *°^ 

lbs. each, and msBsare 14 inchea in diameter, and in 
Bound to the cote. He green and pnrpU kohl "^^ 
grem and pmple top ytllow bf bdd tooi^ togetba *itt 



id by 



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THE PARMBR'B HAQAZINB. 



US 



10Jb«, I 



I BUMj forU, aud t 



r Studcat'i 



AiKoui uio So.xs, SB, Wwt SnuthSeld, ihowed 
nrnu inplenieiitf , uubmnent*, ud GtUoga lot Uw tUble 
ui luDur't leteruuy iliop, 

ilmiD Hjlu, WNlbivT, Wati, ihowed ■ lUad of 
podiDoti. 

J. CociTA* AMU Son, littla OtauAj Iron Worki, 
Qrutkun, ifaowed ■ ipaeiioen of tlMr eom drill uid con 
iKMig nwdiiu. 

WauAii Qtirris, 22, North«oad-ib«at, Bimingham, 
Aond > duff maehina, nd n ingtniou NotiiTUoa to 
iWpca the knirii of the nou. 

Baiin MintAUt, WMttliifiKd, luu Cambridge, 
iani hi) o^ital ehaff cattiiig and dftmg enfiue 
— mt«d OQ wfaaab, and enfedallr adapted for lettiiig out 



Iq Inn. hatad upon i 



I iti 



I, bona b; tha lata Jonu Wabb, Hsq, 

Alfud Naih, Kojaton, Hvti, alwwed a cheap affldf nt 
nall-Knm. 

KicuiD Ruii, SB, R^gant'a Clreiu, Picaadill;, made 
lii muQil diaplaj of vetcrinarj iojeetins iTringo, 
T'^ngt, balling iront, prdm aTringc*, wtlering fngisei, 

Edwud Win, I4S, Hi^ Hcdborn, London, ibairait 
b e^lll ■arkniaii'a draining laval, a aat of daliy appa- 
nliB, a patent Inrn mowar, and boiaa of (bnrnlTBrtlbai, 
Im bmiiiijt into &e teata of oowa, to dnin tiiaii oddara 

d milli vithout tbe naoaaitj of nuuiaal tabaor, 
Bnnr t Co., Millvall, ihowed a lugt uaortmant of 

(Ur oMUmt wroDgbt-inm oattle-bouglu ud earn bina. 
1. W. GOTKK k Sons, Hook, near Winchfleld, Hanti, 
a good lerar corn drill, wdl known 



?!iu>n It Nat-dii, Cballow Iron Worka, Wantage, 
BrIi.— Thia firm baa taken their corn icraeii oat of tha 
nnbiacd tbraahing nuahine, and nude a ^pla and verf 
nnllFnt droacT of it. It aajaratat wftettf , and (bnni 
prt^ the ehaapnt aeparator in tha ahow, 

Binn t Wim, Doke'i Palace Iron WoHu, Norwleh, 
■bnwej one of thejr caldtraled paUot AmeriMD griit 
Billi, with ejlinder of peonliailf hard iron beating mttal. 

Joa^f SsAw, Junction Implement Worki, Leeda, 
dUhited OardEner'* well-known tnmip cutter (vitb 
Sbn"! recently patented improyementi for protecting the 
ftlen tod bamj from the weather and manual ii^nry), 
'^'bnt'i Patent Pnlper, oil-cake breaken, imall cbnS- 
"ttat, and Bojrd'i well-known patent lawn-mowing 
OKbiaca, of which Mr. Shaw ii the tola Ueanaad maktr. 

OtiX, TATLon, & Co., 4, Adelaide FUoe, London 
iriia, ibowed, anoogit otlm articlu, s ver^ con* euient 
PwtilLe bnte, a good bench and nee, the priie oilcake 
Dnlra, and Kwat com onuhina milla, of good oonatipc- 
ticD, ttd a RHnbiaed dreaaing and blowing machine. 

BoKat BoBT, BnrrSt. Sdmond'i, Bofolk, ahowed 
^ ial4Bt bajmakn', alio tbe patent com aereaiing and 
inmiit maehina, in variona tut*. Tlw nioeeat of tbii 
" i^ ia ma hai baan wondaifnl. 

iDut C. Bamlrt, Bipon, Yarkahire, plaoed m bia 
■luii oee at hii mowing madiiiKa, and ba patant piiae 



TAoiut lutTJt & Sos, IG, Old Stmt Boed, Shon- 
ditcb, Londan, — Tbia Ann, which ii now well known tor 
the cheap, naefol band Ooiv-miU and drsuing maahine, 
which are much mad in tbe coloniei aa well aa at home, 
dijDiaf ed a la^ teleetwa of th£ aaue, together with poft 






J4xia CoBNM. fiarbridga Worka, Nantwieli.— Thi* 

nrm'a chaff machine, to wbieb for fburteeii jcan in 
mcceaaloa the Ro^ Societj ha* awarded the tint priie, 
waa, of conna, in farce. There ii nothing better. 

J. B. Baoim & Co., 18, Cannon Street, Citj, ihowad 
a very bnainaarlike aaaorbnent of atrained wire bnee (br 
horaea, aattle, and iheap ; wnm^t iron hordlca j wrongllt 
iron field-gatea, park entiuiee galea, wicket gatai ; beatfi- 
ful deaign of cheap " Premium" wire netting, kc. 

Fiouui, SiKi, ft Co., Badbrd Iron Worki, Liifk 
Idacaahire, abowed a TarJetf of uieful food pnpams 
macluDe*, good and reaaonable in price, togetW witlt 
capital plgtruu^hi, and the prize pair-horae re^Mt, wUtk 
is imorov^ by the addition of a weight, whichgnat balancN 
the drop platform, which r^ulatea the aiie of the Aat 
required, also a rcr; ilmple, aafe horae gear. 

JjUUS Huqhbb & SoNB, Gnat Dover Street, BoiDOgh, 
showed all aorta of milUtonea, of excellent caoatmction j 
miUer'a tools, and driving bands j alao Feunv's palant 
eipanding rotary eom aeparator, witli adjostable wire*, 
wUoh took tbe £rrt priie at Worcester, This machine ia 
attiHcting much attention frt>m eiporters to India, China, 
Egypt, and Russia, being found useful in the ready 
•eparaUon of tea, rioa, lindaeed, aa well aa grain. 

BoTS, BoTELBS, & Co, 76, Cannon Street, B.C. 
showed a lai^ variety of garden implements, together 
with Bofd'a patent bntab lawn mower, and other 
{nplenienta tor which they are agent*. 

BuBCBTiwj] & Son, West Smithleld.— Several chaff 
cutten, a floor mill, and capital weighing macbuua, and 
overhead lione poweia, 

CBAKLca Cabtik, Swan Lane, Thame* Street, I/mdoii, 
exhibited a flied steam engioa, a cheap catt, aeveral find 
preparing machines, an assortment of chains, draining 
toata of good make, sack barrows, wdgbing machines, ana 
hone hnrnesa. 

W*6T»B Abbott Wood, 77, Cpper Thame* Btreet. 
London, ahowed a Dne-bDrae reaper, a two-bone reaper, 
and a mower forapair. These prise macbinea have bean 
well received in this and other conntne*. live testimo- 
nials are of the hieheat character. It ia stated that 
10,000 have been nude and aold during the put three 
yean ; and, judging ttom the list of prizes, aa great a 
demand eijata tm them on the Conlmsnt a* In Oreat 

WiLLUX S. DbUi, TS, Mark-lane, London, s 



winnowing maebine, with a 

the blaat. 

Axuea AND Ba&fosd, < 



B-«treet Iron Works, Peter- 



ballasting field roller, which rdieves a man of the necea- 
rity of eomberlng hii premise* with rollen of diffbrent 
weights. The fitmous ileaming appantna ia itill popolar, 
and a new water oart of cast-iion waa to be aeen high 
enough to flU a traction engine, 

Busaisa akd Kbt, 9E,Newgate-stnet, Io*daB,aiUbllad 
the screw reaper, popobK a* everj the aliaaf reaper, wUch 



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THE PARMBR'S MAGAZINE. 



hu erperiaaM s moat enconnging rMcptioii, and is ttx- 
taioh' ike moit beanljfiil ptee of inlamiton vorkmuiiliip 
empfoTed by the brmer ; tbe mower, the pnua of xiiich 
at« heird ero^herei tbe combEned reaper ind 



duruteriie all the lotchiae* mtnuaetnred bj Uui flnn. 

JoRH F. AND Edvuns B. Ki'MN, RojstoD, Csmbndge- 
■hirs, eiMbited about the oolj noveltj ia the gsllenea, in 
the ^pe ot s hoTHe hoe ; the ihaou of the hoci, which 
were fitted into the hoe bar or frame, being fumiihed with 
diK knivn. It i> difficult to pronoUDce npon an nntried 
implement, hut we ihonld adriie the inventor to be mae 
that he can pitch the luuTei inffleieDUj. 

WiUiiAH SniTH, Ketterinfc, Northamptoeahire. — Of 
comae, on this stand waa to be fbnnd the admiiable little 
Keeiage horse hoe, a cheap and efficient tool. 

W. N. Nicholson, Xewark, Nottinghamahire, showed 
the celebrated haymaker, in aerenl liiet ; the horse lakc ; 
Tarioas cake breakers, amongst the simplest, cheapeat, and 
b«at; s gaud sack elerator, and a21-horae power portable 
■tMoi engine. 

Edwabd Paob k Co., Victoria Works, Bedford, 
■bowed the Edipae plough in sereral aites, on a platform 
with ascending tiers ; various set* of hirrowt ; dialT- 
catten ; good draining, tQe, and brick machine ; and a 
eombined horse hoe, and S-tine gmbW and moulding 
pbngh. 

Jakis Housb, Uirket lAiiagton, Wiltshire, a patent 
mill tor crnshing granite, coproUte, or qnaiti. 

SAHnELBON & Co., Brituima Works, Baabnrj, showed 
his self-raking reaping machine, which seems, fmia the 
publiihed testimonudt, to hare done well daring the lut 
Wrest. The prize grass-mowing machine wu ilso on 
the stand. The Gardner's tomip-catter, which originated 
with this firm, is still mode faj tiiem, with wood and iron 
frame, t<^her with a very good pnlper, ehaff-cntters, 
ToUer mills, and a nseful lawn mowing machine. 

Fbibst & WooLNouoB, Xingston-on-Tliaiacs, showed 
a aeries of their Norfolk, Suffolk, and Surrey eora drills, 
together with their manare distribntor, sad patent hone 
hoe. The improTements made by the ad^tion of a re- 
morable cntting part to the coulter is fannd to answer, aa 
well SI the substitatiou of the cast for the wrought-irou 
ibaie to the plough. 

Gdwaba Hauhond BENTAI.L, H^bridge Works, 
Msldon, EsBci, mode a verj- eitensire display in that 
department of which he is king — nainelj, the food-pre- 
paring inachines. The workmanshipof these iieiceedingly 
good, and their mechanical construction generally ex- 
cellent. 

Thoxab ako Robest Sbbkn, AylesbuTj, Bnoks, 
showed setenl chaff-mitterg and a couple ot good com 



Jobs Spekceb, 14, Com Market, Doncaater, showed 
a horse rake with seed drill attached, ud a potato 
lepantor, worked by hand on a Tcry good principle in- 
deed. The latter ia a machine likely to come into general 
nie amoD^t the eitensiTe potato growers ot Yorkshire, 
Jincolnshire, £ssei, &e. For the nie sod workmanship 
it is cheap (£8). 

Samubl Waseek, Ledbnry, Herefordshire, ahowed a 
TCty good patoit inclosed two-horse gear. 



Casioh ft TooNB, Wiltshire Foundry, Wsrnunka, 
Wilts, showed Moody's tonnp-shiTa-, mannraetoRd 1^ 
them; a good substantial ehaff-engine, for steam powet ; 
■undiy pieites, and a sensible two-horse gear. 

Hill and Suth, Brierley Hill Iron Wcria, Dodl^, 
Stoflbrdshiie, had a large display ot fist and round lit 
feDcing, ot ornamental nucdlei, extnnce gala ind {nllin, 
field gates, together with gome-proof wire netting, ina 
tree Roardi, and wrought iron cattle cribs, sheep troa^ 
whedbarrows, ke. They called attention sin to u Ib- 
proved strained wire fence, with tangcntisi windhg itnii- 
ing piltan, patent tabular galvsniaed inlermedisle pnti, 
and galvanised wire rope; it is run 4 feet hij^ ii iDltnM 
to resist the heariert cattle, and for exposed aitostioai; 
Sd. to Sd. per yard. 

Oosa AND Pkeni, Bayne, Braintree, Ssaei.— A Hni 
of root liters, cake breakers, and a chaff cntta. 

Jaxis Smith um SoNa, Peaaenhall, Soflblk, » idl ' 
known thronghout England by their drills, had ■eraa] of ' 
them on thmr stand. One improTdnent we oWrwd: 
instead of the slides, ahBttiug off the supply of seed, bting 
Bcparate, they are now eJl under the commtad o( lie 
driver, by meons of a leter, which ahnts and opeoi Ihai 
■imultaneouily. 

T. Baker, Compton, Newbury, Berk*, ahowed > ^ 
liqiud manure and water cart- 

Chaklbs Clat, The Stennatd Warks, WakdUi, 
showed hia patent cultiTstor, of excellent conKroftiii, 
the model of a cultivator for ateam power, whick woAi 
backwards and forwards, without tunung ; a palest itaia 
harrow, ia which the links, being so tanned unuilh 
harrow, keep themselves stretched at ftill length ; ic. 

R. a. Hunt, Earls Colne, Holstead, Essex, showid Ui 
elover seed drawer fi>r ateam power ; good two-hone got, 
wiUi intermediate motioa : and mndiy fDod-prepmi 

Babnaed, Bishop, and Ba&hakd, Norwich, Aoml 
Dr. Agger's digger, and one of their own Iswn moaien. 

RicHHOND AND Chamiiieb. SsUord, Monchater, ule 
thdr usual fine display of nseful and beaatifaUy-oonilriicU^ 
machines for chaff cutting, com grinding and cnohia^ 
turnip catting, and root washing. They ahowed Ihaitn 
and ronr-horse gear works, which ore most sio{JjiiJ 
anilably arranged i and the kneadn, which ia iDtendtd b 
give US better mixed and dewier bread. ; 

Hunt AND PicKEBiNa, Lsicater, showed a cora Ml i 
and steerage horse hoe to match ; aevoal ploc^ ^ j 
which they have a local reputation ; a nsefol coialiiied | 
moulding ptoufth and borse hoe, snetal corn ciDihe>« ! 
good conatructHin, root pnlpera, and cake brealnn. I 

RoBEET AND JoHN RxETES, Brattou 'Iron Vab, 
Weetbury, showed Chandler's liquid mminre drill, Ibeit 
excellent manure distributor, several spedmeus of diot 
useful prite drills, and the hindy little thistle eitirplot' 

We find before us a few bills and catalogues eoucoaiiil 
implements not inserted in the cotsJogne, sack si n. C. 
Cambwdob's (ot Bristol) combined tine and thsinb^^ 
row and clod oniahers ; J. Wahnbe and Son's [8, Cra- 
rent, Crippli^te, Lmdon, E.G.) pomps ; GeEESI.iO «» 
Co.'s (ManchesUr) apccimena ot wire and iron ftnci"?: 
RjBCLimi'B (22, High Holbocn) "GregDiy'a psWl 
chaff cutler" ; E. Manchh abd Co.'s [i, WcUinglM- ' 
Btreel, Blackfriaia) pocket and tery umpie woftiaS , 
Bcalea ; and, though last, by no means leul, Wiuul > 
Savort and Son's (Slonceetcr) doable Bi«ine ««' 
ploughing Bpparatna, which haa done such good •''™'3° ' 
stimulating thooght and ocdon towarda the solution at lb 



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THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



ROYAL AGRICULTURAL 

Jbe iiiC-jtMAf mutiDg of the UMobin of thji HKlet; 
ni htld on Ftidij, Dec. ISth, attheroaiiK, 13, Upper 
SttknllsiUiet. Tb« eb^ wu takan by Hit Qne< tbc 
Dika ol LeimUr. Captain Trouihill, tha uerelur, mi 
tkt Brpott as foUowi : — 

'Xy Loida and Oantlcmsn, — In pnwitina tha half- 
jMil; npon of tba prooeedinp of tli* aodalj to Ihla 
BcMiug, four eonncU ted gnat plaMnn in alatlag tbit il 
UDliDSii to ncslTe mj genenl aoppori, ftft]>-aaT«n m>in> 
ben hiTiiig joined it ainOB "' '~~ " " 



uu; noUamsQ aod ganUamsn Ivgalj eonneotad with tha 
lisded intercMi aod who dorin Terr gicat advanlagea bttm 
tbc UEitioa of jonr loelMf , bj tne Introdnotion of Sral' 
elm tutcding atiHk and agricnltoral ioroltmmita Into tha 
pmiiMn, affll withhold Iheii lid and inBaanaa, Your 

iLaUsutlaraan fram niore(eoe[all;ba0«mii>gmemben, 
ud compaliog at joof annnu eattla ahoaa. It la to b« 
iafel (hit the moTement made lalel^ ia manT pari* of Ibe 
eoniitr;, to establi^ Daioulocalfaimu)giooielieB.iTiUpraTo 
nemsftil, laJ Ihit itwUI be in indacemect Id thOH uobla- 
iD«o aDdgaDlleoiea who hatB op to the present vitbbcld 
Uwc inpport <o coma [orward lad auiet jonr Booietjr, bj 
filing lech piizaa aa will Blimulate th« working Cirmoi- ' - 



uUiaBaUonBl oibibitioDB of joor ■ociat;. It will be lathe 
neaikclioD of moat of the memben Ihit, at tha natioiiai 
euda ibow, bald in Limerick, in IS62, the jadeea of iheep 
in tlmti F and Q raoomineDded that Iha Cork CbaHenge 
Cnp ihonld be withbeid, oa the groaada of Kant of merit. 
In cUh a, Captain Bruaghlon aihibiled a (bauUng i am, 
Igaliiah thi int priia often poaadi waa nwudad. Ha 
Dmcnied that aoch award oaTried with it the chaUuigB anp, 
tlurc Dot baiog a raoi in olaaa S to compete with liim. 
Ca^tiiu Broagnton'n oliim was folij conaulered b; jroni 
c^nodl, and, aftar malnra daliberalion, thay oama to the 
Eoaduioa that tlioj had no other ooona but to smtain the 



anbject waa egain fnli; 
~ , it waa agreed (hat a 
Ma approred of, tub- 
opinion, both parti as 



'ii Ibe handa of hia 
matingi of jonr oana 
(UDBdered, and, alter i 
jgini OB* ahonid be pi 
■iUid to the Bolioitor-Qancrat (br hia opt 
bring bonnd to abide iturebj. The saae waa accordingly 
ItiniKded to Ur. Lawaon, who adrlied a* fultowe : ' I am 
ot opiaioD that the cooncil hire tbe power of withholdini; 
'bn cop fioin Mr. Bronghton. — Signed, Jimei A. Lawson.' 
T>» sap wu a«cordingljr withheld. The anuoal cattle 
>lm ofjouraocie^, kl Kiikannj, waaraiTBaeoeaafDL The 
■mn thaaka of tha aoeietj are doe to the ioeti oonmitlM, 
julgea, Blewatda, direetor of the ahowrard, and lo tba looal 
"atiiij, tar tha effloiant diaohun a( the dndas ImpoMd 
upon tlitm. Tha anlsala aniared fer eompedlion in th» 
Hnral elaiaea (ucapt Ihoaa oampeting for the Crokei 
<:>>(ll«ii(e GOp) wen, ganerallj ^mklng, of a flnt-olasa 
'huMter. The implement* war* alao of a nrj anparior 

'' Tha foOoiing Ib a atatament of nedpta and diabotae- 

N'ATIONAL CATTLE SHOW, KILKENNY, 1B68: 



^Bcwnt icceriiel fton the load oommlttM £000 
Biluce to dibit 40S 3 1 



SOCIETY OF IRELAND. 

DitiltnimtiiU. 

EipenHBof depDUUoDaloSilkeour .. £7 10 fl 

AeooDDtantand BiUBtanla' eipaDseato alww.. 13 T S 

TnrtUing eipanao) of jndgaa 110 S 

Printing, ndrarliBiDg, add aundrj amill 

p>Tmanis 60 16 I 

>. Comgan'a aipenaei, £10 12b. tlJ„ and 

gralnlt]', £10 £0 IS 6 

Aoconntant'a aaaLBtanla, prapirlog for ahow .. 3 10 

J piemiania, awarded 0a3 S 

gold and eighteen BilrermedalB.. .. iW 

£»00 S 4 

Tka altenton of jDar eooseil vi* paitienlailj called to A» 
dcMriptiDD of thoronitb-tired bwiei csmpetiog for tha Craker 
:h*lleag* enp. Tha judgei appoiatid tu adjudicate tbeieon 
WDiidand thi j wira u rery deldent in Iba qoaUliEi itqaind 
>j tba eocditiant, that not oni of Ibam waa fully quaUScd fgr 
the priia. It wat, howiiar, thought deniable to avard it to 
BD BagUih boiM aaDtd CIml, ai comiojc ncanr to what waa 
reqniced than aaj other of tbOH tibiblled. The qntilioo of 
Ihe biarding of horaea, and (he dclarioratioa that naa taken 
place thereoa, conitquaot on tha inftriotity e( thorongb-hred 
•iiea in Iralaod, bad tor a coniidenibla tiaw oceugned the at- 
tentiou of many uf yam memberi. lie aubject wat brooght 
ider the notice oF tour council at Kdkiau/, by Sit John 
jwer, Bart., one of tha jadgei bifon altudid lo, vhwi lite 
■titemBDt made by him appeared io intimataly conscctad with 
the agiienltnral pioipeiity of the eonutry, that the aablaiit 
FBI poatpooed until Ihe neat uietiag ol yoor eouneil la Dab- 
iin. Sir John Fowai aeeoidiugly attended at ■ Tai7 laqa 
meetuig oa Tbnnday, tba 14th Beplembar, and btongbt toc- 
waid the miltti leiy fully, reading Bararal letleri Item noble- 
men and gantleaiOB, fall; eooBimiag bin itatement that tha 
■uperioi uid nieful daM of horaaa which lormarly aboondad 
in InUod waa now neatly axtJiieL" Yoai eaundl, altar toll 
cnaiideralion of the lutlai, appointed a committee, coaaUtiDg 
of the Earl of BciibaraiLth, Prcaident of yoot eooiety, Lud* 
Crofton and Dnalo, Bir John Powar, Bait, Sir Fcrej Nwent, 
Bart., Ur. H. J. MicfailBDa, Mijor BrHTovei, tha Hen. Ki^ 
Harman, Hon. Thoota FmtOB, with poaet to add lo tbait 
namberi Frcm pattin not ntceuBrity nenibera of Ihe lodely; 
and it waa reioliad that tha eotira anlgaBt ba referred to the 
committee, whoia dniy it will b* to place themaclrai ia eoia- 
moaicBtion with partiea moil likely to afford ralnabla bfbima- 
tioB, and to report at a iDtara period aa to the beit mode of 
proTiding a teoMdy for the etU complained oC Your csnaeil 
hare nccepted the iuTitation of * tcij inducntlil aod nuEoa- 
ronily siined reqaiiition from the noblemen and geatlfiMB at 
Sligo and tha adjginiog conntiai to hold the innnil caltla ahow 
ofyonr locialy tor 1H4 in that town. A depniation Iron 
yont eonadl finted Higo, lo aacerlain if a proper tita IW th* 
ebow-yard eaaU b* aaleclad neat tha letminoa of the tBilwt]r> 
and il tha n*o«mry bciUtiaa for tha euiiage of iloek and ■■• 
plementa by aea could b* had. Tba depniation reported renr 
fBTonrably on tte aanral point) ; and your council feel eartaui 
that the diBttiet wiQ daiiTa madt adnnlage fram yonr rial^ 
aa yam aodaty hai oat pnTioatly held a maeUac in that part 
of ^M pronnCB of Connanght. Hie dltaeura of the *'■■""■' 
Baiiway Company baire, wilh taaiked hbaiality, nndeitahan tn 
carryall tUek aad iroplemaott to thaabov ma ofcbaigi, and 
all ralnintog nnaold at baU fraight. Bach an undeHakmg 
oannot b* too hl|bly ^pitdatad by yonr aadity. An «c- 
ample ao libnal, if fidlowad by bH oImi dinctor* of rulvaj 
companiea, would tend mnob to induea •twl tacedert and is* 
plapMnt mannbetorer* to ai^hibit man gaoetaUy at yoai 
abowa. Toni eonmil M great plaaann In ataliu tbal tba 
local farmiag BOdatiai in eonnectiOD with Ibe eaalitJ oae «D>> 
bine lo deaunnato thai nMbtnt. Tooi eoiMil lagiat 
Ihil tba worbing (irmera do not mora gaastally attend •oali 
aaiembtiei, and ttki adfantaga of the ii»Un*tioa tjfotded at 

zcdByGoOgle 



lU 



THE PABMEB'B MAQAZINB. 



iBch mistiul. TontosneQncnt tkit tkaircffRtitauiTr 
inttlii third o^ect of jaia todatj, ni., tha impraiaiBaBt 
vhkh BtJ Im dncMd in t^a dvoUinn ftiid dDmMlK omditiHi 
ot tlia fuming uid Isbaaring cluie* u IcalsDd, baTi not Iwcn 
■ttiodtd «itb fnitti ■naEOH, P« Ua pninacillfiddaalilt 
■nd tba nlutUa ehiltaiii* rap pMMBttd bj kii Qnei tha 
Duka of Lgintei, (or nsitl} anelad laboDtaa' eoltixti, tkcra 
vna obIj flTecaiiipabtDn,>1l in Ibt proriBiaolLtiniMi; ud 
Im tha ndati tar impnmd pmioB^ oiitiag cOttMga than 
ku boM oalj ana aaU7. isvMMmlMDMtcMolaitwiU- 
Mt oipiaMini • kop* itat BUI fui tka lud* of jsu mmMt 
win iDOnua u u U Mubia tbam to coitina tbo piiMa to (Iw 
load MciMiM (bt Ik* •BaaancBuat of th* laaU iinBan, ud 
ttiW>lila ttaoli ozartioiM in tM ntriu ol rouiK rtaok, vhioh 
ktiotUUitinboMnBmikoatlwdaalwa. Tka rabjeel of 
Vm noduipooBt of tbo (lowth o( flu kw MttnH; MMf*<l 
Am ittoBtioD ot Binr ■a»b«n of jw OMaail ) aad ii htt 
bcM tboagkt dounblo tbtt it b* Nlanod U Iki ptMuaa- 
rinat egaoillca vhatlM it voold aat ba idvaiUgooM to effn 
■ pcanima far tka noM iaproTod nuhiBo 1« piopuiag fl», 
■aeb ■■ ■■■ ba mtbad b;r tba otdinur bora* powai it lb* 
diipowl of Ikcniii. 

" Obobsi Hodmk, But., CtailrBiM. 

''HoT*ab*tM,lMS." 

StoOiOKSB HoDion.lD Botiaii th* adaptioa of tha M- 
pott, Mid Ik* oonadl bad illndtd, ud ntf proptrl; allndwl, 
to tha ippuMt apaikf of luaj Doblasi* OM gtntltnioa 
lugal* Momaclri alth tM ludad Intaf**!, wko bHi tot r<t 
]olud the ledMi, tk*r«br wilhohllBg «h*t*m tnSaaMa tkajr 
yoMca* Id tb* objaeti thij toaght to faraari. Ad; om vbo 
•ompand th* itala of tgrinluiia In tkli Mnolrr, at ii aihu 
■t picato^ villi ■hat it «U twantf-lT* j*an ifo, aiul ata a 
Wf |cnl ditfsrane* ; and wllbiiiil pmnnpUoa, tbn Blgbt 
nwonaUf Bllribato It to tka «Barta of th* Mdatr In hria^ag 
•boot HI daalraU* nnll, ud thoM aoUaoin and |*ntlwm 
«lw pr^ I7 *B«h an Imprond Mat* of tbiB|B ahoold com* 



fornHudaiaiattbaH^datr. Aa printad dnft MMrt Hal 
bj tha ireralMT did aot eoataia ana pangnph raad bf Ub 
■taiob wai nUtiTa to nferiai a piaaiaa loc a aiduae lot 
praparing Bu, eapabla of bdnf vsckad by tba ordiuuj hacn 
pawar at tha diipoaal ol luaian in thi* coaDtrr. Tha aoudt 
had Ihoif ht tha aaeouHtMot ol liX H thii jonctu* of 
(laat trnpottaaea, aad CMudtnd a pnaisB of Iks kind tbt 
dninbi*. Thai badann naMm to b**ilr*Bdj U ' -'- 
th• Hidlnl talirw CoBpulp for tbalc Ubanl oSi 
Itktotbami 

Haaaona wan aboat W b* takao bj tb* pionii 
nitte* whwh, tb« hopsd. woold eanat a Itifa caiaimuiiai. 
Th* np*n had b«n w*U eiajdarid, aad ha bad Mth 
plaanra in a«riDi Hi adopllaa. 

Ui. HaiiM rowuB NaoaM Ik* itMlatiaB. «U* «*• 
adoptad. 

Mr. H. J. U Acr ARLAHi Mid M dbaai al^ kad h*« taka 
wilk napatt to lb* ^ ntottu. Thap lU laA«d hmri 
with giait iMMaat to ***M* baiag aada la Iha aamlHg par 
to |Mw 1*1 la Mvaal part* af Iiabad, when, fto a toajt IM^ 
ila aoltimka had baaa ■ectKtad. What ha4 baaa dona had 
ban daM aa a Tan mmB aaal*. Bat k« Ihaaght that alfht 
ba far th* b*lt«f, ioMMiiBk aa Boh teHrUaal teaar *aaH 




w mt*tiBg. aad m tba tnltnat h« niMll*at>< on ail **- 
cmmoa in tb* lattMali of tb* looletT. 

Tht rauUlloi] biring be*c Mcondad, wm puaad UMi- 
■Moalf , «ha« Iha ptMMdiif* laMlaaUd. 



1 ANAOEMENT UF A 



ABBD INO HEED. 



Br a, HtnsiT. 



a agrianltoral 
commBDiljatUrgs. With a 
I, Dudcr tha ordinarr ajatam 
luttoo will is 
inadeqiiate lo tha ooDiumptlon. Aa hai bean 
hlrly demouatntsd within Iha lut two joirt, tha Ibralgnar 
la abia 10 anpplj n* itlth com In almoiC inj qoapiitj, and 
at prIoM far b*Ia* that at which it can b« pro&iabl; pro- 
dooed t>j the Briilah fanner. With alock the ca** ia a dir- 
fiiront ana. In Ibis depirtmtnl of rani aaoDoruy th* 
BtiLiah farmer cuinal b* aarpuned, tha grrater part of tha 
tlnirtd Kingdom having a olimata p«coUM-lj well adapted 
fcr Ihe breeding and TeeJing of eaUle and aheop. Tha beat 
brewti hare altaiaed an sptiinda to fatten and a tendeDoj 
to arrlT* at early metorilinottobfl equalled bj Ui* dome*- 
Uealsd animala of aoj' oiher part of tjie globe, la di««g*- 
*)ng tbla iBlijfci it wU] be Impoaaible to giro Ikaauet 
nambor of atock that can be kept oq a tArm of a ifiren 
extent, wtthoot Inapecdng it, or luiowing aometbing of iIh 

mt inituiDf. Drlnotpillj aonflj 

* reqoire Uj keep 



So^ll^ of tba » 
lerribrB, inthe preaent InituiDe, prloetpallj 
aelrei lo the qnaniiUea of food the snimal* rer 
tbem in aatate of hcallh aodproftreBsion, laaTuia the . 
lo ragolale the nnmbet of rtock according lo Ibe power of 
tt**ail to trodace food for their aapport. Byway of illoi- 
trmtlon, and aa being Boiiabla foe oqi calculi tioaa, we will 

Worth from 3Tb. la 1&. per acre, and capable of giowing 
fillr Dfopa of roola and eereati, 80 aorea of thii farm being, 
according to tlie atipolationi attached Id thi* esaiiy, in mea- 
dow and pennanent paatnre, leanog SOO aorea under ool- 



Sprlng eoRl, bMisr, oato, or wheal .. 

8aeda 

Wb*at after taad*. 



■n wMl b« gum in (b* 
on* eato BB lb* other, th* laboor bill will be eaoMiMj 
loaaanad, sum B>eek dbb ba k*pt, and DDdonbtHlf nun 
wheat per acT* ean bO Krown on tha gcneiaHij of t^ tod* 
■bar* lh> olimala ia aolrable than wliera the fbar-eonrae li 
rigidly follo-ed. Under th* alvdtid ayMem oT uui^ 
Mtni tha ftdkwing will b* the rotation— 



anif year, barfey, oala, or ftheat after root*. . _. 

ard year, aeadaflnt year 83 

1th year, aeada iMond yea? 

B(hycar,vbeat after aecondyear^aeeda ,, 
Bthjear, barley ox Mto altn wheat 

A* before, 300 



— - — a'""" w" fc"o ■" IM va ino raor DVLO ayii 
thit dl&mce, that there wiU be 16* acrealeaa' 
the ail than on tha fixtr field, bmiei Mm moia : 

_db, Google 



THE FASHER'S lUOAZmX, 



ur 



MtL VnOt pnunt prioN of com Ihb ii of bat litUa in- 
poifinM, tM ibm nlua of in lore of buUj or MiU tua rv- 
Batij ia miBj uwi Leea eqnil to the nlna of ufavU, 
thitisiiaB for mors. Thii pRSBot iMioti our bu-lcf oropa 
iTtragad cooiider^^ man pti lore thin oor wheat ; bat 
iltoaM timM imptuTe, uid prioM biooine efaln mote h>- 
mmitntiTe for wheat, the deiBtiaaej In eoreege could 
aiilT ha nude np bj veiri} lowing a part of the tnmip 
Imk, Hj lA} aorae, which would then bring the aucaige 
ol Lhg diScrgnt kinds of oom-eroppuig eqoal on both «;■• 
tasi : while on the lii-leld coona the acreage ot ftan 
noM be iocreaaed bj IS} acre!. And on the priocipa] 
pvtof thsulli on the old red aindatone, paitionlarlr in • 
Boiit eUmala, like that noder oooddanlioii, the aaoond 
icuV Keii wonld oaitr a mneh greater qtumti^ of atoeh 
1^ tfait of ontr one jear*! growth. The Vaadth of land 
tnjir tnmip tallow would likewiae tie rednoed bj 1 S| acm, 
thtnbj graatlj lewening tbe aipeniee el lalxHiri and » 
Hurt waDld be abnndanca of manore made from tbe qoin- 
at] of atriw grown md the extra number of stock that 
noU u a nataral oonaeqaeoae be kept, after mtnatlDg 
Uu vhole ot tbe Ulow or tomlp land at in eitn rate, there 
naii ililt be a anffioient aoaatitj left to gixe the fint 
jen'i Kcda a light dreaalng In aatamn. After tbe 
Kpintion of the crop lh>m tbe land Ibia wonld be fonnd 
of urtat benefit, not onlj to tbe joong elorer, hot alio 
U th* aaceeeding eiops otcom. On a Arm of Uiia aize, 
■nied in the waj we hiTe dncribed, Are bonce, 
•itii tbe help of llw fanner^ nag or a brood mm for 
jsbliisginbaSTtlmea.WDnldonniDitftaB aoilibe aafflolent 
M nik il welL Bat to come mora dlreallr Id (he anbjoot 
»( ihii near the manageminl of a breeding hard — wa will 
npiHH the Mwo well bnd of their kind, ate ot Knuid con- 
uiutioni, well-pnqiortioned bodies, wiUl a Uodl; dllpoei- 
t»B >o fatten, and i^titode to arrire at earl; natontj ; 
Ibil the ball ii daaeeaded from a long line irf weli-kuowa 



t? <be cowman in a book kept to 
H tmurerred fhim ti 
miner. This we find 






kept bj the 
I of great oae la [ha time of 
la aometlmei reqairing different 
dajs before their time ia np. 



f thera is an; diapoiilia 
M. we keep tbe eowi on bran, grain, or other eloppj 
tnij, aid confine them lo ashoTtanpplj. A week or sobe- 
fonealTing wa giTe one oi two drinks, coDsiidoE of half 
) poind of Epsom silta and halts poand of lolphor in i 
qunot Ibln RToel. and repeat the dole as loon as the 
etif ii dropped. And although our co«i are in high con- 
litiui, ■» Hldom hare anj losi from this oanse. The 
itvai of tbe jetz at which the calres are dropped ia of 
tbt greateat importance aa affeoUng tbe dam and ber 
pmftoj. CaliN dnjpped daring the winter months, lb ii 
u bom Hoiember to Febraaiy, it well kept and attended 
1°, bite nncb Ibe adTaatsga ot tboee dropped from March 
tetbealddliof Jane. The ssrlj ones would ba readj lo 
to into yoong seed or orass fieldi bj tbe middle or end ot 
Ml}, when thejwanlifba able to maintdn themseliei iti 
■ atulsctarj alate of prograsaion, with an sllowanee oftvo 
pmnda sach per da; of oilcake, while the latter one will 
sot ba Bt to go lo grnss till tbe following spring. Cowa 
tbaidlre dulng the winter months, ai a rale, reqnira 
1 gioEh gtealer oallay to keep them Id a state of fair con- 
dition.ihuin-eaifor dryoows. The drvin on lbs sjatem 
ID cDiiKqneDce of the milking neeeaailales a greater qoan- 
tn; of mere ontrltioiia food to malotalu the animel in an 

Mleo.watUaktbe beat time te the prindpat part of the 
bud lo cah* i^annan, Febnarr, and Hanh. Bj the 
■iddla at April or the fiiM week in Maj the grwa or aeedi 
■^kelllorwMiTathem, and where lliej can bt kept at 
aub leaa eoat to the hrmer. Soma diBbranea of opfnlon 
nuts ■maogat prutlcal men u to the beat war '^ narlog 
"I nanini; calvea— whether Ihej ahonld be allowed to sack 
lUirdanu.orbehroDEht np b; hand. Haying had con- 
1 department of farm manage- 

, .„_a in aajing that aa thraaregarda 

M beaMi and pregcea* of thecal^ that of Ibllowing uatnre. 



•nd allowing the joting animal to nek iti nothw at win, it 
the Iwat, thDOgh on prindpln of eooDomj is not the moat 
prgfiuble. W^n the oalf la allowed to sack tbs mother, wa 
inrsrlsblj find a Ina Inclination On her part Co take the 
bnll; aod aren when aha doeaio, aheii Use likel; to again 
become pregnsnt. la 188U wa tried this pIsn, bnt onlj 
two. or three of the cows stood to their balling tiU 
sftw the c aires were weaned. When I hie happens 
in a regular herd kept for breed ing eiclntirelr, 
bath Iocs ud dlaappoinltBagt sn the rssalt. The n* wa naw 
proeaad la, to allow tbe alt to Sock the cow foi the Int tare 
or three daji. When thaj ara able, and anght to drink ftOM 
Ike bucket, we atitl eontione tbe saw milk (ot Ike flist fonr 
wteks, alter which ibtj hsTS akimmtd milk, mliad with 
bidlad liosted, and aesMmid with • small qoaniitj of (UlU 
candiBaat. As sooa st tber begla te eat, we f^n Umb 
sooM sliced roots, and aome Dtea swast toj-dtsIT, mizsd witb 
a »sU qaaatitj of «heit4oar <ttil). This floor with tk* 
bran in It Is aa eieellial food tor jxuc aaiaab. Tbs7 an 
psrttenlsrlT fond of il, sad thriie ispiiUj whan ao M. IT* 
conliaaa the isilk tor tbe liet three tooDthi, wbaa wa aoa- 
lidat tbta lit (o anppoit tbcaiacliia on other food, Haa* 
an of opiaioD that hoTera akonid not hare tbair fliil aaU 
oDtil tbe; aia tkiae ^aara old. Hf own iiperiaBee is not in 
fironi Bt tUa plaa, Bi kigh-biad stock, if not pat la the boll 
at BO larif age, often become toe fat to bnad with anj dsgns 
elnrtaiatT, Cows, aider good waiia|a»aat, ahoaldTbriag a 
eiL' in aboat amr oltroa aaaatba ) aad it >et ngoki 
biesdan, tbeald ba Isttned oS. It tbapradnatiaa irf aaptriar 
boUoeks ia tb* polal priMipaUi aimed it, wiihoat ngwd la 
the paadooo •( Iba daiir. the aowa, aa bsfora aiated, aboold 
aalra earir, la Noremlur, December, ot Jaaoaij, sad tlw 
jaoaf soimal ba allowtd to auk the whole o< tbe milk naUl 
aboat tha saanth U Mar, wbea thej will be fit to waaa aad 
asodtoirsas, Tbi sows shaold thea be dried of tliaif milk, 
end eitkar led el toi tba bateber, it aot in oUf, at, if In mU, 
pat on a poorer paetare. Tbe aitna dariag the aammei 
sbonld eitbsr hare a tompotitr dud fat ibalter IB the Md, 
wbeie ther ess haie tbeii cake, or if not, thej abeald be 
taken Into tbe Tarda daring tbe heat of the diT, where tbn 
will recaire tbiir cake We pn odh (tom lib. to 21h. sad 
of good iioited cake, and tad tbem tbtira mocb better far 
Ibia sm^l oallif. Thia aiaaoa we Bade aa npariment wilb 
ootun cake, initiad o( linteed ; bat after baling need it lor 
eooa tiw. we lost in Ike coarse o< a Isriuighl lii of oar heel 
dlras. Wo wcie at Bnt pnutad to aeeoant for their dealb, 
ai, on making a puM-aiartna iiaminalion, we coold trace DO 
appcamnoa of diiaaaa. We had lbs asiittsnce of t dalf- 
quiliGcd teleiiaBrr tnrgcoB, who wsl eqaillj at a losa lo 
aceocnl for their snddin death, as tbn wonld la all appear- 
snce be right, end ia a hw benti be And. Snnectlng tha 
cotton cda la he tbe esaae, we had a mmpla ot it tested hf 
a competent aatboritr, who pnaonBeed the nke to be « 
inperior qnaUtf , o( Che kind, aiiaf detemdncd, il pauibl% 



Tillona portioa — readily aeparaCad liom the ealieular part. 
Tbe glsada ol tba stOBaeh we found to be compleltl) flhe^ 
aid tbdi power of netioa deitiof ed, b« the oottoa Ibi* aad 
part of Ibe hnak btoemlng attached lo turn. A reculsr aap- 
plj of pure water ia ot the ntmoit imiMrlaDce to all kiods of 
stock, but mora paiticnlsilf lo in-calt soimils. As rardi 
ibonld alao be well theltend : tha bnildlngi roud them 
tbeald be aponted, which ail] aot onljr elTiet a giett saring 
ia llUer. bat tha health and comfort ot tha inimala aia 
greaCIj ioeieued. Cattle, when kepi in airj anil weQsbel- 
teted fsrds,wlU nolcnusume near tbe qmntily of food, and 
^el thrire mach better than alhera will when eipeaed to an 
inclemeDt atmosphere and atanding half-waj to their kDcca 
in mad and water. Where the farm-Jarda are coDTCnianllj 
situated to the grass land oar practical eiperleace Is 
faroarable to tumiog out the In-cslt cdwb and hcifen for ■ 
few boors dsilj in the grass-Belds dahog tbe winter 
mootha, iiwe think a certain smnant ofeierclse prcdaeca 
a bencBoial InfiuenCfl not ont; an the bcilth at the asimal, 
bat is alao condadre to the heilthj deTelopmeni of tlw 
fstui in the womb. Tha next point to be oouaidered ia 



>. Tha next point to be oouaiden 
rs that can he kept on the extent of 



Google 



lU 



THE FABMBR'S MAGAZINE. 



andnidwthtqilamofuiiugnnant wa hira baan 
faring; but, u befbra Ktatad, in tha >bMnc« of an; 
knowladga of tha qiulitj o( tlM kU, &e., thii san onlj' b< 
kn appRolnaKon, u Iheta «ra ■ Ttriatj of local drcmn- 
itancBi iffaiiUiig ibi*. Amiming that tha pndaoe ii aold 
■t iboDttira jaart old, Uie inont£ of April or begiuaiiig of 
Haj la tha beat ^me, whan tbc; would ba ton to eom- 
nund a good piioa, eitbar Ibr Iba bntabar or tbt gnzin, 
aocording to Uis condition of the iDinul and (tats of ihe 
marketi. We would porpoae malting jearl^ DOt mora Ihao 
Ibirtf Id Ihirtj-flia tarn of tha old grui or maadow-land, 
being ftallT peranaded, aRer long aiparlenie, tbalttaata iano 
' atop ihe ranoaT groira that pija so llttlapar aera aibiahaj 
cropi eiorpl in aoUtan eaaai, whera Ibe piodooela alloirrd 
h J the landlord lo be iold off the hrm ; ia manj inatancH 
a great qnanUtj of haj i> wiatad, or, nnder a different 
natflm of manigamant, can ba altogather diipanaad with. 
Tha nnmbei of ealUa wa wonld parpoae kaeplng is IT 
breading cowa and beirara and Iheir Filvea, aelUng tlie 
prodnea at iiboiit two jean old;therairoQldthni be IT head 
of aatlla to aell tterj spring, and would eoniist of, aaj B to 
ateen, Ihe oihera being heifera or draft oowa, which 
vootd bs replaced b; kKpiog an eqail namher of two 
jear-old faeifen, and thai keep the herd In a atata of 
progreaaioD. Tba entire beid woold eoDsiil of 17 eowa, IT 
two'Tear^ldi. IT jearliogi, lod IT ealvea ; the calrei 
wonld oonrama litlJa or do haj or roota the fint winter, 
■o that the aemilnaniberwaaldbeel head of cattle and 6 
bones. We would keep the whole of Ibe otitic on eat 
ehaff and polped roota, tbia being tba beat and moat eeo- 
nomical ejatem of feeding! the oowa and two-jeat-olds 
wonU require SOIba. pulped roola duLr, miicd wllh 401bs. 
eutebaff; tbi) chaff woold cootiat of f atrsw to 1 hay; the 
coat of catling tha ittav and bay togelhei into ebaff would, 
bj ateam or horse power, be aboat C>a, par ton, and by 
Wlaohing the pnlprr to the same power the roots 
can be palped and miaed st the sama lima at a 
amall additional coil; Ihe 3D lorei of meadow, cut r>t 



htj, would prodnea at Ihe laaat, io ordinaij tutu, 

10 cwt. per acre, vhieh wonld be ■ isScianl qnuli^ 
to giiB each from 18 owl. to 1 Ion. We find iMi 
qaanlilj an ample allowance. For tha last three jun n 
hare wuHerad Bpwarda of 100 cattle, of dtfftient sfei, aid 
IfihorKi; andtbe wboleatantbaj.cnpcsnnat«o(aTiaiM 
of mesdaw. Of tba 33} icia at looU, we wodl diav 4 
ODelbird, or II aonsi tba otbn two-tbirda ta be cnaawd 
on Iba land hf abaep taling ealie or ton i tba II aon vaoU, 
on a tow cilcnIaCiaD, pro<lnoe 30 tosa par acre ; or.iannd 
naabera, SIO toni. Tha 17 cowi and 17 l<ro-ieir-t>ldiMn 
aod baifars would leqaire 4|ton>sKb, or ISS toai ia tU. 
The 17 jcailbi^a woald rtqnire 'H tosa each 
all. ThoH coB)in« teo jeiri old aAoold, in 
sUowaice. h»»e ilbi.tseh pjr dien of good eite,wiiicB raiwi 
csnaiit al cottoi cake for Ctie Irtl Ibte; moothi, aod liaaad 
for the Iiat three; thecovt and )eirl Lop would net ttijeiit 
Uij artificial tooA, lad gtorrill; thrive much better akee 
(nrsed lo graia, thai wbtD panpared on cake, nta], %[. 

The 20 aerei o( old graia would ktep the jearluijta darof 
tbe auniur, natil tba baj ia canied and the laUciBilk pB 



la taika 



wkoitb 
I will 
lkaU};s< 



of two jtaia tteds abnid be gnMd W 
ibctp, and Iba caliaa aoooirat then. The tnt jcar*! mt 
tbould naiei bs graiad b; ihetp if it oln poanblj be tiriU, 
at ibcj gicatl? injora Iham [or the giit year. 

Tba cbeapeit ■jalan ol keeping the (arm bona dariat lk> 
anvaar it M keep Ibia in iha jarda altogaltace, aad kd 
tbem DO green food— a few son of Ibe fint jeer's aaadi aa 
be (eoaed off and cut for the porpoaa; bj Dut nHaosaBad 
lata qnanUtr of land will be loBcitnt thaa wbeia Ibej n 
allowed to range at large. 

In Iha ibora rtmatka I hare (iiaa mj owa opttiMati 
(0 tba manageiaant of breading bard, and l*«*s otban ta dn* 
tbdr owa emduMaa aa to wbetbtr oi not thej an a | [l kiM l 
to their own parti ' 



PRESENTATION TO THE REVEREND W. HOLT BEEVOR. 



Coabridge Sehoiit ia the oldest in the eoDstj, aod waa 
catabliihed Ant ai a feeder ol lbs Wetab Unireriitj at 
Uanlwit in Ibe rngn of Elbaldied. Binea that patiol it 
has nndergons Binj chuiget. For the latt tbirtiea jean 
it baa btaa aadct ike aiutenhip of tba W. H. Beaior, and 
nerar in ita eiitltnce hti it atlainsd tka bigh potilion it 
now baa, as a Irst-claii Qiaamar School, a ttij large num- 
ber or acfaoLara having beeone diatingniihed in their subie- 

Iwo fcholirahipa st Jtaui College, ao open Sc'hala-ihip st 
TViniij, and tbe Newdegtlt, wira awarded to pnpilt from 
thii ubool. Id ISSS, two eibibiliona at Jesua College, 
the Coplttton EihibitioD. two Bckolanbipi, and lenril 
Tirtt Clati bODOuri wer^ awarded. Id ISSS, Ihiee oat ot 
Sre open Bebottrtbipa were awarded to tnit gchool. Since 
that period aanj dittincliom hxe been gaiacd bj Iba 
nupiti of Ibii achoot while at the Unitemtj ot Oxford. 
There can therefore be do aurpriia thai, when tba news of 
tba reaignstion oflbe matter became known, the icbolars 
KSBSnllj fell tbe lota tbej were shout to eiperieucc. Not 
•bIj hu H[. Baaior gained dittiuclion aa s letcber, bnt 
bj Ua pnpilt be it belorsd atd alto higblj laapenad bj 
the inhtUUnte geoerallj. Whence lime (or the letnina- 
tion of Hr. Bteroi't tabooie bad nearlj anired, a com- 
miUei ol tba ecbdar* at the achool, and the old pnpih, wat 
fomwd lot tbe paipoee of praaanting bin with a leitimonial 
M ■ tligfat maik of Ibait reapaet and ettaaa. For this 
ol^eet tabaciiptieaa were raceired fioa all tbe old and pre' 
eait sebolan. Tba eamiuttea, bating raadrad that tba tea- 
tiBonitl tboold take tbe tarn of an epaqaa, placed thtm- 
(deet in coamnieation with Htaaia. garorj, the citennie 



Jamllera of ComhiU, London. The actcetion rcfltcll |N^ 
credit upon the tatle of those eosccmed. The deiJ{D ■ 
tbe epergae ia peculiarlj nDiqoc; tbite palm^tiect riitliw 
Ibe centre, tbe roola and groDnd [orming a natartl ;••■ 
sent to tbe anpentrnctnie ; tht lUma inile eloaclj UfctlB 
at Ibe top, sod the apieadiDg leaiei anpfoit anekgatlW 
>ate of grODBd gltta ; the leaiet and asall flavcit al Ikt 
roola ate beautilullT Iroaled, (arming a coalt^ and digirt 
centre oraaDent tor tbe tabic. On one lida la cngntad lU 
ttina of Ihe mialer; on the other tbe cteil. In fnaliK 
lbs Coabiidge armi, btneath which apptan — " To Ikt fUr. 
Holt Beerot, froot hia old boja. Deccabet lltk, IBSS." tt 
qnietlj had the BrraB(emeDla been eondueted, that laaptr- 
tout kniw BDTlhiniE of tbe preaeBlalioa till the dtj pretta^ 
wbaa one of Ibe older achoiaig inforBad the mailer of ibn 
ialfOlion. Tba tckoolroom on Friday was taaUfslli 

rated, and at la o'clock, -^ — 

aeholira aiaembled iu it, 
were iorited iu. Tbe preieiiittioD ll 
FowlaraddreatingMr. Beeiorin afei ._ 
mad Iht latter aakiag a IccliDg tcapcnta. 

Mr. BccTor it wdl knowa in tht agrialtsial waHd. tii 
baa been auialj iaStraaeDtal in intrarisdag a betlet diaaif 
tioB ot ttoek, amh at tkorthom cattle and Snfdk bsn<% 
iato Oltmorganabirt. He it also Ihe aathoi el •■Vart* 
on FiiLD AMD CarTLB," a work to the worth of ■>><k 
we htd mnch pleaanr* ia apeaking on ite iral appeanaa a 
jear or ao aiaae. In this " The Amaleni Farmer" gi" ■ 
own BOIiont and aapcriaiw, btBghteBcd by all tba darw ■ 
a rafaad ttjrla and tbonaghl j good taata. 



IB pittcDt, and mtDj at Iht eld 
ltMri.BceiortDd al«f Inilrdi 



a. Mr. I. 



V Google 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



THE CATTLE-DISEASE QUESTION. 



laths iaratigition oftlie unitarjeai 
■lock, ve we do[ U;iDg too much itreu i 
liiiiiiifdiMiielromtbBoontinenlofEaTOpef «nd ittmliing 

loo liltla weight to tha ibnoimal condition at 

ctult M horns 7 It ii scTtaiulj i lerj BaparScis! 
nuDoiDg, to talk of pIigne-Krawing >poU upon ll 
nofpart otths globe HTS En|luid. For. granting thataocb 
bimlJrbnn tha caMhitbsrto, what guarantee does aucb 
u irpimeDt affi>ril that lor ib« fatare tbii coaatrj vill nol 
tboia™ i(» plsgno-growing apal>? The only saiiafaetory 
taim that eu prteticallT be giren to this qnealion li oU- 
rioDdj nntio baoniof thiioonutrj.solong asireloUoirliie 
rnMatijalem oralcxih manogemeat. No great length or 
poetiad demoDitntioQ will he neceuarjlo proie the soand- 
neB of lliia eonelosion ; tot to lonq as irs breed a d^icate, 
■udetan Haeuid nee of ininuli, mora than oidiiiarilj 
£ibla la eont^D, the upaliot need Dot bs told. 

The tns eoiine for the Britiib hrmar to panne ii, to 
pndtn a mora healthy stoek with grsater profit *t home, 
uut Iheithj Uaek loraign Ikrintn to fotloir bia example. 
Tliii pnpoiuion ii, doabllns, not a tsij flatteriag oos to 
l^w uttMt niuiber vho eatsitaia the rallaclona notloa 
Ital Uie nitem thsj now pnnoe is perfect aa Id piinciple, 
•odlherefiin one that cannot bs Improred apon. anleaa bj 
taiMg animab to ■ gnaler degree of obealtj, with its con- 
UQiitint maladiei, than b at pteetpt eipnienced ; hot (hs 
npid pragraae of dlaeaaa at the preaenl time, and the 
ndnosa aurtatitj in M> inan7 htrda and flocks, will bring 
IbcD tod the balk of fiumen *■ a body to take a mora In- 
blli(«itand eampreheiiaiTe Tie* of the sabjeot. It will, 
fneumple.compel them CTeutoallj to examine ths sanl- 
tnj details of their preient ajatem of atook mtnagement 
too a u-ienlifio polot of riew, in order to ascsitain what 
tbediieassa now complaioed of arSj both in a ehemical and 
pbliiobigieal tense, so ai to be able to soIts tlie problem a* 
la riitl ths primsrj caoie ia ; how it can be obilaled ; aad 
bptastiM required to breed and latlen a mora heahbj noe 
i>( altleboth at home and abroad, iritis admitted as &ct 
— * nmdadon which hw will denj — that ths Brlliah brmer 
ii ^knswlsdMd the moat snocenfol breeder and feeder of 
liT* itock, and that Ihe foreign farmers who are joat now 
tt'disglo tlui coanttr so mach diseaaed liie meat are 
u'ag srerj means in their power to folio* hit example aa 
• file, then aneh a conolnsiaa maj be taken as prsaomptiie 
H^enee thai if the home faimar woold impioie hia prac- 
licStao ■Doldthe himen of the eontineut ofEaropej and 
■luh bring the praolical mle obserred bythem, il foUona 
tbuerentoillj ibtj woald hara no dlaeaMd atook lo ex- 
(ntti for oDqaestioniblj the resting and httening of 
bcahltj cattle, both fbr their own msrksU and ours, wonld 
fsflbembeltn than their preaent sbnormsl sjstem, al- 
ma^ psriiapa tha preaant one pa^ them better tban a 

Tbe dilBcnltj In earrjing into practice Ihia propoaitlon 
o^mogalj lies at home, in eonTincing Ihe British brmer 
ibittiirtbe laat halFoentDiT somethinjihaa been radloalli 
■nng with hit oompaas, and that the noble ahip haa 
bctn all this while Hlling fiuther and farther from 
Um Ima eODiM of pngreas, oonseqaeittl; then ia no 
■ItcriatiTs left bnt to go back, take a new mendian, and 
>M igiin nndar the gmdanee of a better eompsst and a 
nan cuirect nolion o[ the deoliaation of the needls. la 
Mhtr wordi, it will bs nc easy matter to coarinca the far- 
nmvfthia eoontiT tlut for apwaida of half a eenttujthe 
intnl ajateni of feeding and managing cattle has I 



'Ohmo done to ths phjalologioal reqtdrements of lire 
tock ef ern; kind, in order to improie their health and 
t>« quliij of thfl baaf, mnttoii, and pork the; yield tot onr 

'ii Kitt U faff lUi II Ih* nerer-fldliog Mfroff lo 



ererf propoaittoo inToWIag any departnre, right or left, 
firom the beaten path of the common piactiee followed, 1st 
that be what it may— paying or losing, or an emply balince, 
tpeak, between proSI and loss. When properly staled, 



al nneal 



[ of beatiby 



re sbaU sliow oi 



examplp, that ti 



ba put thus : " Will tJie rearing 
cattle pay better or wane than 
of nnhealthj atoek r And to thi 

era the privilege of appending tl _._. 

way or the other, as they may aes fit to do, observing that 
the pablic ia fait making op it) mind to give the qnesiioa 
the follnwing praelical and tangible answer, tie,. "No 
money for diteaiid meat^' a finaU that ia already beginning 
biafibcllhebalance-aheetaof not afaw who send anshetr- 

Whal u ilu diffrrmei belicftn kmUhf and diMiaiid livt 
nttal, and luallhy ami iiilalcii dead mtal, ia a chemieai ityiu! 
This may, with mnoh propriety, be given aa a aeaaonable 
problem for Chriatmaa, when oar heavy fat aloek ahows 
are beinB held. Itie nol alwaja Ihe fittest, plnmpest. and 
maT, j ndging from external symmetry, for 
ims out iheflneet quality of meat. The 
list 11 naiQRons that the contrary of this ia ofteuer the 
rale than tha exception; the Dttnrally fedoienandiheepof 
oar monntdDooa districts, as Wtltt and Ihe Highlsnds of 
Scotland, yielding baef and mmton infinitely snperiorln 
quality to what we get from oar Chriatmaa eihibilion*, 
msrkets, ted " grait dajs." 

These are fkcta that apesk for iheraaelTes, fnmlahing at 
this feative season of the year both timely reproof and in- 
stnicdon not only lo fknnen but to all and aondry inte> 
rested, inclnding breeden, faedera, and ooainmers. The 
pnblic who consume the groas-fed Christmas meat bare, if 

Ciaible, mare to learn than those who produce it; for to 
g aa they follow their present rontine babiu of gmm- 
bUng only, nting at the same time an extra allowance of 
aeaaoning, wine, and other eloeleiaa, and giving no mora 
tor Ihe healthy meat than tfaey do for the abnoimal staff, 
they can hardly expect a speedy refbrmstlon to the bellar, 
PrsoUcally speaking, tha leaaon which thsy (the consomert) 
have to lesm is, to give a maah higher price for '' *- - 









locepted" at any price. Send all sooh direct ti 
Lcnnel and knacker's caldron I This is, perhsps. on their 
lide mote than ordinarily biief, bat Iha reaaon is obvions. 
or the fartners' problem is oon, and we hasten to disease 
Is aolotion. Were fine quslily of beef and mutton double 
ts preseal priee, for eianple, and the extra fat meat of this 
laion and Ibe iufericr lean qaality pmdaced by snimala 
if obese oonilitntiont, or, in one word^ aQ abnormal meat, 
a become ticaaleable, it wonld ooqnaelionably bring pro* 
dncera speedily to a jaat aenae of the pieaent system of 
stock management now generally poiaaedi and perhaps 
nothing much short of this will effect anch a de- 
■iderstam. Bnt. be this aa il may, the progreii of Ihiogs 
la physiology csnnot bs long diverted from their nttaral 
coarse, so Oiat eveatnally the conclusion is manifest that 
the normal system vUl carry the day triomphantly 
' It the sbnormsl. In other words, cattle mnat be 
lyand of goodeonatitDtionabefnv they will yield fine 
meat ; and to pnarrre tocb a slate ol health thsy must be 
' ' on natural food. 

Vhat ia meant by nslarsl food, aad a healthy oonitita- 
iT Thaia appear plain questions, and aamewhat tan- 
gential to oar subject— the cattle disease qaettion. At the 

»1y Ihe mora intaieating side of Ihe mstter to the 

farmer, more eipecially if diseased meat, or the fleah of on- 
healthy abnormally (ed animals, ia lo fetch nothing, and the 
beef, mutton, and pork of beallby naturally- fed stock are to 
-ealiie doabia price ; for aueh inTolva a tangible and very 

Flighty oonsidaration, fcom vhaUrer point of lbs oompasa 

( may be examined. 



Digilizcd by 



Google 



IfiO 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



notfsd on natonl food ; 



The onlf innrsr wa stull give 
sent, ii brieSj, tbkt'oar cattle an 
eonaeqaentl; the; ire not hulthj, * 
wUlst nndw this abaonnBl BTitem ot mail age meat. And 
Uiii mpplisa irith unaiil or perhapi greater foroe to live Uotk 
on the continent or Europe, where the itmoBphere ia more 
t^ueoUj and mart deneelj loaded with all kinds of caa- 
tagiona matlor. Sach, then, being the facta of the caae, 
the ooDOluiion that foIlowB relalire to those eitieme oaaea 
of disease dqv praraleDt i> not only mauifesl, hut eaail; 
■eoountedf 01, generally speaking, la other wordai Ihe faols 
of the case show that it woold be anreasonable to expect 
anything else than vbat ia now eirpecisneed. 

Socb a eonelusion leqnires to he cloaelj eiamined both 
from aohemical and physJDloaical point of view. Thia, 
too, is nnfonunite ; for neither of these is as yet anffl- 
oienll; well andentood lo permit of prictieal details being 
advanoed.and psrhapa Ihe former (chemiitrj) ie thefarthi'St 
behind of the two ; ourcoocladlng ohsemiions, therefore, 
maat be of a Tary general kind, purpoiely adranoed to in- 
■titnte inqoiiy and progr«aa, rslher than settle ealahliihed 



Id two forge*, the one attractiie and 
andil is mora than probable that theae twoforces hare mach 
man to do ID (be animal eoonomr, orin the nslaral chemia- 
tryaftheaTiinialeeonoaiyithBDisperhapageDerallycredited. 
Bathe this la it TDsy, granting for the aeke of argnment 
that (uoh is true, then we have a aatiafactoi? reason why 
btnebotUe fliu are eltraeted by means of their chemical 
aenaea to bad smeUs, aa diseased meat — why they prefer 
abnormally-fed dead maat when nawly alanghtered, ta that 
which ia natnrallf fed ; in other worda, why they are at- 
tiaolad by the former, bat repelled by tiie latter g and why, 
if yon wash yoar dead meat with a dose of strong tansy 
water, it keeps oS the blnebottla.'geDtry altogether. It also 
famishes na with a tangible eolation to the problem why 
the abnormal meal, now common, maat be aaed when 
newly-alanghtered, otherwise il will be green wtthfanp, or 
slink, &c. Agiin, it slsu aaliafaetorily aeconnta for the 
bet that (rbac the mucona membrane of the air passsf as, 
and of the dlOeraut parts of the alimentary canal, ss the 
stomsoh, and to which may ba added the mnoons mem- 
biana of thebspatio organ, are in an nnheslthy state, they 
are afTtoted by different kinds of worms ; wtailo healthy 
animals, fed on nstnral food, are free from anoh internal 
psrasiMSi beeiosein the Airmer case the orgaoio substance, 
whaterer form it may be in, i) attracted by the nnhealthy 
maciiB bnt repelled by the heallhj macu in the latter 
imilar way catsrrhal and other epidemical eom- 



plainti 



id for. 



o Dnr snbjcct, the practical 



Applying thete obaerrBliona (o our snbjcct, the pr 
qnettlon raised la this: Are the eontagioni miladii 
preralent amongst cattle an exception from the above role 7 
And to thia a negitiTe answer most obvioaaly be given; 
tor it is a well-aathenticated &ct Ihat plagae and sJl sach 
are more prevalent and fatal where a low state of health 
and nnelennliness prevails, and that by cleanlineas and Ihe 
free nae of certain repellent medioal subitancee Ihe eon- 
tagtona matter may be kept oS! ftvm the body. The rea- 
BOD why onr rich hill-fed beef and mnttoa will keep fur 
tan days and oven longer, when the abnormally-fed meat 
will not keep twanty-fonr hoars, is— becanse the former 
aontaias a lsr|e sBSBOningof antiseptlo and other medldnal 
imperties derived from the herbage oonmmad, and whioh 
u always present in the natnral find of oar oattle, whereas 
the latter (Ihe abnormal meat) is not only deficient of sach 
antioeplia properties, bnt it contains mnoh imperfcatly or- 
ganized matter and abnormal compoands frinaed by them 
of the very oppoaile chiraoter, via,, matter that attracts 
tha apoiea of fnngi and other organic matler, together 
vlih inorganlo matter always present in the atmoaphcre. 
Now anch being the qnalily of the meat when newly 
aUogbtered, and its attraoUon for inhcfioDa matter, 
what is the conclnsion to be arrived at, before the aniniala 
leave the graiing or homestead of the farmer? and also 
daring their conveyince lo distant mirkela nnder the most 
barbirona modes of eonreyanoe and general minagement, 
by railway companiaa and sieimboat oompanies, that the 
mind of an; intelligent farmer can well imogin* in the 



prcaent piping time* of progress? Even gruting thit 
aoimala were fed on nttaral food, and he^lhy in Ike 
higheat degree before they left the possrsiion of Ihe fiimer, 
the treatment tbej receive before being slanghlered a soch 
OS to render llieir oruniam attractive to oontagioos mitler, 
which woald be repataive under a rational ■jOem oFuu- 
keting; while abnormally-fed animals andersaektmtDKiii 
cannot be otharwioo than what they are— n^Upepnr'r 
frtpartd lo raiek coiitBtniin from everjr point of the cempais: 



I doaa Jolt whs k 
rii., tbe eatlla^Kue 
riew, le order to ditir. 
obTiaUcgtbeBilidin 



Na II. 
Out laat article «aa brought to 
had got to the bone of our inbjeet, 
qncttioD from a phyiiolcfical poiat of 
mine raDaloiy neaoi for prevention, o 
now eipeileuced j in otber worda, ifoio lo mp iniim •.> 
KtalOy. Onr oburrationa too were aoBBwhit btitf M 
chemical qaettiona involvni. It waa •l>°'"i'^.^^' 



truthrolneas of tha coaclasloa In nany M ih . , 

tionatc individnit eaata, it wu granted, fbr tbe uka of i^io- 
nent,lhat cDntagiDaa matter, wkcthei arjanit er ieer[isie, 
woB no ciception to the gener«l nla. In other wudi, pnOt- 



ail to petfann thair foatiia. 
he rapnlaiTt forca mail bmiu 
ayateai in ions part or rite 



,-,frOB improper food and Ir „. 

attract eoalagioas matter Awn tbe atBosphera ; wbintkgst u 
good haltii, and nndei piopar msnageneat, woold ais|« 
owing to tbeir bo£ea aihlUting ■ repalaiie aetiaa « m* 
ooDtigiona matlm. Thia wae illastnted bj xariaiu eiwplB, 
which eomboiatai tha aosadaea of tha general coachun^ 

Tbat mnat, bowarsr, ba bat a mj tianow UmU ill waj 
cases whar* tha repaluve force of tha ^atcm ccinld tattan 
Id ward off contagious matter: becanse m vitiated Uavfim 
ii of itself an abnoimil sooi^ioa et bTgieoic liicamituim 
contrary to the panisea involvad. Thna the cootSiiDOi Bit- 
tar, whettaai bAen into tbe limn, tbe aUmiat^ n Ika cuaiil- 
tion through tlie pares of tha siin, pradocea a IwdbU tM: 
First, it occnpiei the place of bolth-givisg eUmrab, ■» 
thna deprivas tha syatem of its Donnil supply aad coHsqual 
loroB e( litality ; and, ar — ■■ " -■'-'- '- "■- ~-*™ "■« 
ehtmtosl agents, which e 
ConaaqncitlybetwssDtbe two tkerai 
weaker and wcahir, until tbe ayatem ii 
gives way to the opposite force. 

Doea sot this aooHmt for the contagion* satora of fvi-iia- 
mouth diaeaie?— two parte of the system which ja asit[ti>l 
are always in a painfolly ahnwmsl state, and tharefnt pn- 
dispoMd as it were to attract and absorb contagioaa matw n 
evny kind, mora espadallj aa ■ laig* amouat <rf the aatWI 
naltv of tbs aystsm la thrown off Ann Ihs IM and loict, 
thaiaby emitting tb« horrihly bad amall wbicb both bait, 
when animals are long on tha read ar in bad healtk. 

To obviate infeolion several plana ore adopted in medial 
practioo. Thus, matler of a repuMv* chaacterisUini" 
Into the system or applied eiternally i or matter lo.pmjKt' 
ohemioal change of tbe virus taken into the aysleio— oui"' 
to throw it off by the eiorelorj fancllons, tie- 

We are purposely avoiding technical dicta. CHllt '^ * 
natnral stale, when infected by various malidies, an leJ t) 
instinct to eat cerlaiQ medical plinls, and by •otb mitaa 
often cure themselves mora speedily and eSeclailll >^>^ 
were they placed nnder the noatmma loo freqneolii Jf 
scritied by leterinatians, as the lauer in caring one P*" 
often impair tbe normal function end falnre beahb rl 
another. TTie medicinal properties of many plsni* n»™ 
beau diacoveredby observing the use oattle innde of loWp 
and the ealatar; effect ihey produced in warding off Jis<»| 
and in effecting a aure where the ayalem had giren n; » 
the force of on oppoaile class of chemical sgtnU. UU 
when cattle are Uken possession of by man, and i"M 
under aa artificial system, they ore aubject lo tbe "'"'° 
a grcBlet degwe, while they ate deprited oftbefonnefi"" 
natnral use of their instinctive orgaoa, to select tboie »"■ 
toty restoralivea which nature has abnndantiy ptwloMdW 
them ia their natnral paatnres. It is an inleiMtuij aci- 
one that has been noticed by most medical botanist!, uj 
which never ought lo he overlooked in the discnision iJ 
out auly sol, from ■oboakO'phjradDgiaBl p<unl of ricr> tW' 



. dbGoo^le 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



131 



ibik«rbif« of wtonl pwtniw Muinnad bjeur oittla 
contiini ■ nUBcieMr of mediotiul pl>al> to prer* at diieue 
ud Mm DOTS them of tha miladim to nhioh tbej iire 
Hibla in tlia paoillir oLinatt of ttas diiCriDt, tui Uut enrj 
looditf ud pliM npoii tbs aorfue of tha globe, bs it* Uli- 
ik1« what it mtj, if inlubited bj oattle, jlelda all those 
uulecj ffiuiu naeaaauj to praaeire tbem in health. The 
Mngttribaa of the huioaa race, that roam in the anrv- 
diiiied fuU a( the world, u in America, Afrioi, Ao, have 
ml Ulail to obanre thia, and to profit bj the ioBlnictiTe 
ImoD tiDght Uiem bi the loner animala. ThoB, Mr. 
*duHii found the naliTea on the plaini of the Senegal, 
«H if the Boat onheallhj rsgioiia of Atriea, oamg the 
luT«, bark, and (mit ol Uie btobob tree, lo prevent tha 
utUdiat peculiar to that plac*; and on tfjing the eSecIa 
iiflba aaoe npon hlmaau ha prsaerrad hia liealtb, nheu 
ollitn, who ridiealed the idea of fbllewin( the example 
otltu lutiTta, fell rialiiDi to the deadl; Qitora oC Uie 

TUi biiagt na to tha phjaioIoDeal Tiew of the aobject, 
atuCaial rood of our oattle,Bnd the peooliar fkuelien 
•hich tbg medietiud prepettiea of thdr food jparfbnn in Ihe 
lUDul eooDomr — propertiei wUob aboDod m ai' '~-' '■-' 



pnpcniea, bat nob pmpertloa dUtm wldolj ftom thoaa of 
''^-ir uintal food. Common aalt, for aumpla, aoda, pot- 



•ih,inio,ndphi , . _ . , 
pnfiN wbieb aboond in atnoM ail pUnta glna to oatile ; 
M Hd> an sot the onlj madiidiul piupertiea aaaantiallj 
OMtaw; (s heahb. And beaidaa thia, aoah propaniea not 
fi] mjaira to ba gtran In a THOtabla or arguilMd form, 
til tbej aioit b« glTen In oomlJjutian with otban, bafbre 
tbcj taa parhrm IboiT normal fnnition in Ihe uimal eoo- 
a™;. What the^ majorilj of the othenan, wedo not aa 
1» know. Tbej mtut, thersTore, at pTaaant be termed 
"Uh unknown propartlaa." Cbamialrj haa manj dia- 
emim to aake, bdbr* wo can loll what Ihoia onknown 
pnp«ti(a or proilituuo prlnalplea an, npon whioh the 
biat of oat eatllo M maeh depandi. 

But illbeogh we do not know what ai 
pnaBplei of (ItiMr tha ibnoTBal food wa no* g. . _ _ _ 
<anl<, orlhoao of Iba natmal ftxid tbej aelaat fhr themaatrea 
rtaUitj enjoy Ihoftaodom of drtng as, nt wo do know 
■kit Ihtra la a wide dlflbraneo, and' that thia diAroneo ia 



DKInhren of haalth, bnttbaeoDHai;; naj, 
lt«lliiiin>rw«are,aait wan, oompdlad to acknowledgo 
ibuibeaitildalaiid abDotnulfood now girtn to oattlo ia 
lot gnij laHalant of the hiiallh |«i«iiiilii|i alament. but 
,1..:. — ... . „._ ,i,ioh,nndep eerlala (di- 



al tba apona of Ihoao fna^ wUoli atait into HtB, 
) a gtMDuli-blne ooloor to tLa toi; bone, in a ttw 
artbaaaimaliaaUagblaivdt Alltluaiaaeen,and 
U an intallUant ere ia pns- 



tiallT •utaerooa the anMed u 
T< taU Ihla aoacaaaM tkrs 



moftl 



- - — o — ja< To eomplain ai>d gromble thai — 
«ula da Mt paf for thaii keep, ihat thaj are in bad health, 
■ad thai wa an loalng money and the meana of diring well. 
■< u •eeut Natcn whllewe oonehea an at the aame time 
CMiiicinUtyl Bat we oeed not go ftuthor in thia dine- 
^, for Natan »111 not onl; defend hendf wilh a relii- 
ntin hioil, hat alao compel erery farmer, Eniliah and 
^wiamtal, to ranaet HaiLawB,BBd arentually lo bteome 
'"'•Iniljaeta to Hor Soaptn. Thia i> briaf, bnl a matter 
"Win fact sM aaljMt la ooBtniTany. 
JjK k*r to Um tantaUiing pnUam la thanron atmral 
>**■ * tiaga imtanaa to tha ooatarj dftuet ba ndaad 
'pnlUabaad: and the paalaat dlffloally whioh win ba 
'ipoitMad in tsniaa Oia k«y in tba right dliaetton, N at 
^°pni iba dooi ad lat in good health and oat bad, win be 
at BofMriaaal part of tha pnaaai wMob ftman han to 
fw B to Ifaa pTMaot abnonnal dletan of Ih^ cattle, aa 
fctnerly Matof nndv ■ ^lannt head. Tnmip* and 
;^fat<NBpla-^rin1thMBitanl fboir bt, tmtU 
*^ M atpadmMdlT Mminaad, M U MM, tl«t n B«gif 



Uto answer only ci 



be ginn to thia, U ia bopaleaa to eipeot 
uiey wiu wasaiaoont and prooeed In the opposite dincuon, 
aeeing aooh a aonne ia, for a time, wholly nphill, and, aa 
yet, nntrod. 

The remady, then, ia obvioaily " ■ itont heart to a ateep 
hill i" and the aoooer farmerm addraaa thenueires to tho 
joomey, the better lor tbemaeliea and their eattla. About 
thia they need not paaae long ; for Ihe laws of nalnre, both 
JD the animal and vegetable kingdonu, maat be loyally 
reapeoted by them before Ihey oao sipaot to preaerre the 
haatth of their lira aluak, and ihna obviate the heavy loaaea 
they now expeiienoe. The heavy losaea, we repeat, Ihna aoa- 
tatned cannot be much looger borne aader thi moat lavoar- 
sble cironmatBiioea thaCoan poaaibly attend the preaent prao- 
tioeoratook management. Granting, for aiample, that Ibreign 
oattla were eicliuled from our markata allagelher, WUt 
would it avail Ihe British farmer? Compantivelyngthiop, 
aa haa already been abown i lor, ao long aa the oaltle in tlua 
country are kept upon theb preaent abnormal dietary, it la 
iinpoBaibtc for tbem lo be olharwiae than unhealthy. And 
this, too, is not Ifag moat homilialiDg view of the subject, 
fbr, in a large number af caaea, the bad health complained 
of, haa already aaaumed aevenl type* of an brredilary 
character; bo that we are actually breeding diaeiaed alack, 
whose hereditary malidies may, by saanminK new forma, 
become more and more onheallhy, thoa producing onwhola- 
lamo beef, maltOD. and pork, many degreea wona than tha 
ibnoniial qsalitiGB of whli^ the public now justly oomplldn. 
rhia ia no purpoaely^dnwa picture, but a legiUmale eon- 



the qaaslion,itis ce 
and a thiulciDg puU 

In the proaooanon of ita praclieal , ._ _ .. 

~ toed and healthy citlle, and their eonttMii* — ahnor- 

- - ■- — ■ — id diaoaaed beef, mutton, and 

at an 



linlv hl^ time tor intellinnt &r 
. - to bcatir themielvaa and Join h 
of ita praclieal solution, niatin U 



mal food on the ono hand, and diaoaaed b 
pork, on the other. Wen it the mai 
artificial pradaot,aa a pieoa of broadoloth, i 
Ihe mult of a ehamioal piooeaa, there ia not a tfro, in Iha 
old world or the new, who weald not ridicule the idaa M 
abaord, were anyone to piopoaa a good artiole from improper 
and deftetife nw materials, that an annnally gettina wona 
and wane as to qnaHty . And if auoh is the caaa in ua arti- 
Bolal world, la it not tenfold mora absurd in the natural t 



nnl pN«Mtlia 

-_. to coalbnn to NataiV* law*. _. 

SUmU may sntartain Ihla ot that notiao of Ihair own 

loiofi, in tatniu oat hufa eanaaas of obaaa bad; mtta, 
nd poik to Marbt ; and ao long m m antUnbiag pabUe, 



nought b 
■antallits 



laalUy o( Ua mwiiKHn, ■> hi~«ihi ~ ~- ~— — -— - 
Is diasaaed maat, ooftt fbt homan lood.baiog UaUe to piodoee 
dlssasa in tboa* who aat it, they may wril boealol Odt 
suceaaa, is a eartafai ante, to theaa who know aa battBi hot 
wkm ineb tmiat and soeh obese neat m* brsngbt to the 
bar of prsctiee, aad aammad ia tba UfU e( phfBKsl tntt, 
lacceM and boasting an exdodad.wUlaaalirail loss, shaMb 



east, accordiag U 



and bad taaallh bOMBe tka ordst of Um day t and faaaHlBtioK 
- -■ by all who conptebMid tha beU nt Ihe 
dt intiiBsk metits, on tech ftnalaf aad 

, « icmottd te a hlghsr triboaal, aad oi- 

amhiedat the bat of Hatan. tha oaly asoteMa Uat can be 
pronoaaeed la taalidd more eondeBnatory, her lawe bti^ 
vioktad ia a two-lbld aenaa; tat aa the artiels Baaohatarad la 
pgrpoady intended fet the lOod of man. It followa that by ifir- 
mg unnatan] food to out cattle, we an niil oaly gmlty of 
lowering their eouUtuttonal staodatd of health and nafalaeaa, 
bat that ot out own also; «<>iK iasUad d^aedbg j^^ 
and BBdeivOQfinf fu tha II ' ■ - •- - -^t j 



emphatically pointed ant bj tha We Priaoa Cooaot (wheae 
teeibic langaapweqaett Ihm eu of Ui ptihlie veeAM^ 
- ' ' i.tSadHovanhac, IBU), weanUa^ngfimm 
" the iU which nbeUoB to Haana and eaitbla 



thai jDBtly biiaglBg unn ooi 

then could we eoncloda r*''- 



Al t» thecon.«»tis'quiatioB,ilc»hw^basddtt«t 
tkr hm kitbMte iJMi te II • pMtiMd oMidfatflM fr«i « 



k3 

Digilizcd by Google 



123 



THB FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



pbjtioli^ol pobt of Ti«ir. Tba taiair, howtnr, will, to 
thou vbo tit ipftred to bar it, t^ a Tery diffBTflnt tftl«, for 
tha iulurac* of diuued m«t apoo the lunUcr caoditwn al 
thi connBDiutT hu of Uta tngiitd mon thu M otdiiMrr 
(hue of ■tttntion. Than ii, for nuipU, • (lawiog dcio 
ninktinn in the nirtiopolii to pnt ■ itop 10 (be ubrioiu 
tnSc \o diKMed mnl, at tha aipODM »f laoH Vho pndqM 
and coniita it to mukst. Statute li«hu bem ponnd 
tnHB Pirliimeiit tor tbii txpRM pnrpOM; ud it teiad defte- 
tliF, mora tlriDgciil meuurM will mod be fortbcomiac to 
enlorea cODpliinea irith th« ■iditi']' reqniteiBcnti ol tbe 
people— njnirimntt Khici tsH Ulirrlo bitn igxtraiUl'i, it 
■uy it, but icoiImIv Inddea wtder lie fool oftki Srituli 
farmer. ThiimtJ b« thonfht b; aoma orool naden ■ asme- 
whjit KTaie and ODcelled for iDUiBiuy, bat it etn mly be lo 
by Iheta who da oot eosipRbnid tha uDeholnooe ebanctar 
ol obeia neat ; or, mi ia too rreqoenlly the caae. fanner* vbo 
do not koow vbat -'---- — "■- ---■ -»-— ■ •-- 



i[; [ottit n 
, tl* Uw tule tbm Iba aeipUiia. _. 
hat almdj bttn alued tnit obeatjp ia, for ixaBplr, bndt 
tu; ; the >ealj-dnpt calf ia tbenfoie • dJawwd aitai; tm- 
Mqaestly if fattned Ita Oeah la diacaaed aaaat^ md mtU bj 
atalnt* la* to be pnhibiled flr«m balng BMt lo tba i^lfa. 
TJader a eeilaio faidaf esone of aaaigmiat ud tlBtml 
food, it hu a pnatiKM to " lake on ud no to W" (1 n 
EDtf nae t popobi ciprtuion] n it gnwa up, h<t iida > U- 






Now, bctee 



remai there ia as endleai Tarialj 
Banett orotie ia peihtpi tba mor* DRvbohaone fosdiiri 
liCHcroai of tbi lot, whi's tha uimalt dsriig IbnliiKiag 
[heo IffiD an raore anbject to eontiEion, anl tht [ilil ii» 
aaea nov ao loodl j ooioplaiiwl of in the prOTiaceri tbaa ata 
a good heart and cODdition. W. B. 



THE NEW 



[lIAHaUTED 



I of tba Ent import- 
d of tha eultinble land in Fnace, 



Tha qneation of rnannre 
ane* ia tgiicnltura. Alibi 
of muBiiDf at lea) 
it pracnta inereaaed iateraat. 

Our raadan know that va hmalaafs aaiitd ailb eager- 
neit aTerr lymptom of prognia wbieb maaifeata itielf. Thei 
the excellaol woika of H. Qttrien, at Nactea ; Iho^a of M. 
Robarc, itho i> at Ibit time in Normj, letrcbiDg for frrata 
matter to combine aitb (ha eicellat nuDiire ■hich he niSDU- 
futnrea near Paria ; tha alorla ol H. Moiaelauon la com- 
bine lira* with fsol matltr ; tba qneatioa at eoiered manurea 
tailed b; M, Qiat ] mora raeeatlj, tha die nuaafacMCT where 
H. CochtiT paiiariiei tba fouil pbotphite of lima ffom Ar- 
dannd-aU theaa h»a lucceuiTelf oceopad oni atteotioo. 
But we hare now to introdoca to oil nedere ( new gnano, 
upon which we bare receiied bom Anerica iome iaterealiDg 
iDfarnalloD. thrDa);h aa eminent agrienlliinl cbemiat in New 
York— Mi, Hiplct. W^e bare alieadj had, beaidea the Pe- 
tiTiiu guiDo. the pboiphtlt (nuno introdaced bj Mr. Ptttr 
LawBoi, aod Ibe gnaoo of Baker Iilei, iutroduaed bj M. 
AmODi da Birihrei but Ibat we are abont to mention wai 
diacrnaitd at Swan Iiland, in tbeOuifof Meiico, ^ahaia 
baaa tild that Ibii guano lill uoo be brooght to Fiaaea i 



readeN t Iranalalion of the papari 

Ameiica, which haie been the aut 
amonicBi European agricaliariita. 

We ahall Bnt giia tha liaaalati 
Uiplei point! DDt tlie eonria lo t 
der eihaoited ai 






itnt bj Ur. Hapl< 

iw queitiou Ire aolitd in 

;cti of ao much diiCBuijn 

a of a paper in which Mr. 



naled toil' ia itrj jccntrallj 
ire ncTtr cibanited. Kinj 
fertile, ii auiceptible ol bo- 



mj conBtantlr prsii 






wging tb 



It conditioni ualogoui to tboia which 
iwure aisaji tappuea in fattile loili. 

" All mill are compned of the detrilns of rocki, rendered 
Tety Ene bj different operalioni of Nature, We onlj Snd 
Ihere Iba couttitoeut pirti of rocki, and the other depotita 
wbicb msj proceed ftoia the ilmoipbcrB under pecaltac cii- 
oumilaneii. Thai, eubon proeceding from tlie dcconpoii- 
tion of carbonic acid, ii aDlidiSed bj tie dccompoiiLian of ttia 
mtbouii: acid Ulita into the almotpbcre, wilh which it ia 
mixed, and in which it boldi iluK luipcnded. 

*■ Tft neilbrr [he preaence in the aoU of oU theta limpla 
bodiei neeeiaaiy (or Tcget^la life, nor eien (he preienca of 
■11 the aimpla bodic* of lutore, ii agffleient to aoiiu* the 
growth of plaata, Tbeae almpla bodin mut ba ibiuid in ■ 



MANURES. 

HAL d'^QUCULTUBE P&ATI^UB."] 

eartus eonditioD beGxe Tcgotatioa eaa Ihtin at iku. 
When potlian* of tha eroat of the eartb, kiewa naJa Ui 
name of aoUa, hare «ppeand aanral time* in the npub 
forma, and hare been rMdated man j time* to Ihi bad, tk? 
anguire Ihe facnltr of focmiDj^ tha coDatitoaat pud ef M 
TFgetablea whicb IMII and aniBali raqaira (« Ueii anniik- 
mrul. When Ibeie parte ar* raiaad boa anbla land bj Ik 
lueceatisn of eropa, it eeaaea lo be laitila until heih paMin- 
ptrienca a profreiam modidealion, under tba inAiKacecfikc 
lime mcaoa or lOma other analogoni proceta. 

"Is fact, ererj chemiit maj lacertain, l>j aatljiini tkt 
aoDitilniDt parti of diffarBit icila, that the aaltnili oiUii 
meat ilenle are the aiua u thoae of fartita aoili, ibt dii- 
rence being onlj tha itate in wbicb the; an foanJ. 

" All Boila, from tha inrfaca of tha earth (a the i«ki IM 
antooched, opon wbicb nil tha ittalified andcoaoiRid 
eaiihi, contain the conatiluent demente of plantt. Wtoi- 

modifioaiioM of pirt of theie eonililutnt ct(incDlt, b; ■ 
change of condition, bcfora tha planla will b* ^ilc la ikiH^ 
Ihcm. 

'' Tha preceding ftteti Lare bten eiUbliahed in lli« clorM 
miTiDer bj comparing the atrrila aoil of the Tallej of MaM 
(Ohio) with ume of the alerileimli from Maaiichsi«lvT>i 

Ihaehcoiiil nor tha microKopecan determioo. TbclcniliHl 
of (he Talkj of Miani i* a dcpoait left b/ tha waien, aalri 
decompoad organic naitterip Nothing remaiaid of tkt 
orjtaniB bodici bnt (he inorKinic aubataneea which tha iwivA 
atioa bad left. Although (hej were tbo aaiat aa the iMip>i< 
■DbiteDcei entering into tba eonititation of tha ateiJi wh 
nf hluaaebiiaetli, the; wtia fooitd ia a ttate tliiMkir 
different, bnng tnieeptiblaof cotetiag into tb* compoiitioa il 
the higheat order of planta. That aanie toil Ina^ortid BD 
MauachnaatCa rendered the greateat eeniea lo >4>t*^ 
tbarc, becanae eich of ita parte had eaietil timtt raM* 
through organic life in loma form, aad bad larOBied brtkM 
alleTDatiTei (be compniti 
had been inbiBitteil. Iti* 
of Natnn, and it ia for tbl 
are fonnd in organio gnanoi u* 



tbemiiM coaiidereJ aa equirilcat to tba pho^hata eoatwKd 
in Ihe eiBeDcnti of binla,ara of no led Taint aoleaa Iht; U" 
been abiorbed dnring a aeriia of tgtt br iafoioi ptaatt *f> 
ailed in the aoil after baling been •ubi*it(ad to deeomraBiM 
and bfODght lata the tUta of tha photphatea which hia pu< 
of the food of bitdi. For thit tcann, the orgaaic puf" 



I zed by Google 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



in fbwd MIC Dam at Mew Jmwt, ud irtUi u* the*. 
•dm tha debn of diloropUM mcki, conUa uml 
IJDn tlw quutitf at phophun vhieh art laWi* 
mdtr Ihnn (mil* ittbef vo* tcdaced tsftdiitabla ■' 

'nil Mv priMipla will piodtm qui 
Fmckipicaltun. Ttw cnlliiatot miy now iiua iw 
nliaof >ubl*ilaDipTOce«li rromlhi inorguie miltii ol 
it eonlui ia • putinlu itnta. ud not fnm Iha quutitj at 
ioaMB which ii loanil tb«e, u Hme bin annooi 
iliftRat lioiMia inrr pCTMtniDK misiKr. ItitDOw. . 
■1 llw dtanat MUncr that ••«} loil properlj ptepaiid, con- 
tiiaiig lb( cooMitncnt da>«nu ii a luitable itiU and ' 
■liaul qaaotit; Tot th* orap intiidtj to b< gittaenJ, 



e Dittcn, itnproTsd liki ItuMC which an 
if Bvan IiliBd, eater into tba eimipoiilioD 
LI probably bflcn added iU proper pftrtiele* 



J..1 


™»u 




-eri., .hie 


h wiU con» 




b* »p>r 






ihB »il into 


oloble •ubataace lor (b 


•pi 


BU.W 


■t 




• ■ban the 


pataahaad 




alkalia 






DDdcT the lib 


-* talMt, 


> ordtr til 




aajeoa 




mrfan 


fitiaw. NcT 


rlbEleia, a 


FD pown 1 


tba 


■nidil 






fail Id haTiog 


ita alalka 


Doated with it 








litT of alkali 


ran lend lb« anbataoM 


aolablt. and 


Uuni'bltdtb* plant! t 


ab»rt> it. 









qualiliacfpbnphiteaKiidotbar iilta that tbt eiopacootain 
uinch Ihil the caKleeeaH to be attacked bf a malady koown 
uitt the nam of tsu dimur, and the co> i> eoabled to 
inn U the cilr iht ancklei the iguaniitr at lime neeeaiarj for 
lUMy. !■ farmi whera (bere ii a lack of phsipbitc, it often 
Wpoi that tha female animala deroor bonea, aod eat bont- 
4ui *haB it >■ givaa (a them with aa much aiiditj a* if it 
•at lall. Bat afta the na* •( orgaaie gneno, which contaiaa 
aiaard aafaataoaea ia a aaitabte ferm (bt tha aaimal, tbt 
tiStihieeaiOiand than ■• oo Ismt need ftn titbtc booa 



'EnatheeerbonalaaMiBBeontainedin SwanlilaadcnanB 
■ •Is btllR tmd, beeanae ila origin ia aimilar to tbal we Bad 
in Fnan in bird'a (Md, and far anpcrinr la the ordinaiy car- 
lueUe of Ihoa io FtUM» et Batland. TbcM linaa pieacnt 
bo diaeomed by enaljiir -"■ 



idrumt which ci 



I the ^aata an enahlad to tUniaato 
'na tka iaornanie claBeata. BeuBf that erapa were improted 
tj ttii atthod of ptoccdot*, airicalUriita thaaght that lima 
«t Iht ditttt foad of plinta, ud io otrtain initancu thej 
''"'"'■ " '*'' ■- - -'oannd imto. 



la qoutitiea, ■ 
deniK tbeaail 



HptacMdathit naultt Ii it beeanu tha 



" Tbne 1,000 heetoa. form leie than 2 pet eiat. af the 
•Bt^it af lb* aoil at a depth si thirty eaatinialna, jet it ia ci- 
^Uittd; wbilrt tha plaiaa of Athena, and naor fanni aituatn] 
■ ikt chilkj paita o( Eotlaad, ooDtaio Muly 40 per etnt. of 
aiboatta of Boa. Ron wbeoce aiiaea Ihii difirecce 1 



.ortaca al the oantioeBtaaf 



Mpty that the Saiapaan 
•Hii «t oope daeomnaad 

Eanpttad Aaarica, hare abandanad the lima thrrcootaiiied. 
OUn partioaa haie btan eaitiad into the oceaa bj th* help 
•I nrcn aad lidee, caotiihntlaB to lib pithapa a miUiw 
■BM, heriaf appeared IB the aheletaoi of Sah, tbt ihella of 
aaUan, and piabablf in tha babitatinii vcmtntUi bjr 
•nk ThewMeMtofthtMilniMdthHntotlwewbw 



1«3 

(a foeiiliftnnu wconl< 



' Thaa Baoy of the lotopMalinee ar 

line fton tbni fonaittoB, and (ooaaiini — __...._ 

of othor kiadi ; and for tbia naion the undi fonnei fioa 
DBibed eorali, tboae of Paiditown and other*, ara known l« 
poaaaaa aneh hifhly Ibrtiliiui( powen, area spon eoila eoni- 
poead of the debiia el chalk loclu. 

" Wa ceiuiDt, tbatelbtc, tell tba eompaiatita Talne afgoaioa 
by aoalyiia, withaat Brat kaowiog wbethat they are of ^paio 
origia. Henj pianoa introdoeed into aiatketlreof litllenia, 
thonth oheatOil aaal jala protii Ibeir coaipotitieB Io be aood. 
A linf-la tan of S*aa blud inano, ann io caaae where the 
gnat mtH «( fla ammonia hu bats drewn off by reini, 
poaeeiaea a leitili^BK powu grealar than many tlmea ita weight 
of £itremadura pboaphoria tock* ledneed to powder, locki 
from the American dcpotita, muoo in raeka kaown nndei the 
name of Boaihrtfa, oc thaa all the Tolcaw 
bare of wbioh are boU aaBotirae* nndti U 



" We balina tba inKodoclloa al Bwan laland goane will ha 
ofthegnaleelbaDtSt 10 Eiuopcaa larmen, luppljinB then 
with the mily mcaoa of replicint the inniguie tlcmenu Ukes 
from their flalda with Ibnr cropi." 

We ahall not atop ta diacati tbe tppareut mtriti of tha 
Bote we have read, bnt we unit aaj aosie at it appeafa to ni 
rery tnir, and baa beaiilea beta already hlly cauUiabod by oat 
own raaaarehea, particnlariy Ibat which conceine tha ncceaaitj 
ol an intimate miitnre of tba different organic mellcra or 
aalieea with phoiphata ol lime. We ahall now (in Iht tnna- 
lalioa of aa ettimatt of the eamptratiTt laioe ol different 
manoiea, laat la ua by Mr. Mtplcih which acrece in aereial 
pointa with obi opioimi : 

"There ara two difftnnt elaaaea of (nenoe opon onr mmt- 
ket i the Ant (of which we may take Feniiiin gniBo ai i type) 
ia beat kaowa ta tbe pablic. Thty an eompdwd for (he 
meet pari of Ibe eicitmeDta ol hirda, and eonuin a large 
qnaatity oldlllatent apeciea of mineral mbsttDcea. They are 
colltelad la loealitioi where nin It tearct. and contain a U^e 
qaaaliqr aramnoiia. It ia in Ibia claaa that we mnat place 
goanot called Swan laltnd gna■o^ which contaia tba aant 
eoattitatat or oigai^ aatttra aa tha Ftniian gnanoe, hot a 
asalkr qoBotitr of Mimonit, and conteqaMtlj a maeh grcatti 
proportion of uorgenie matten. Since tba last hi* bean 
eetabhabed that aocaa aoili totally diriolegiated may nceira 
from IbealmDaphtie ell the ammoDb thai Ih^iequire,thialaltet 
daat of guano kaa beooBe of m; gnat oh in agriculture. Tbti 

PeruTiao aad Swan laland gaanoi. are bt great ralue i bat tho 
lirat tcnda to iibtnat the aoil of the diunltgrattd mineral 
■Bbilanon wbichiteoBtaiBa, onaceonntDf the Bielia ticaa 
oF ammonia ; tbe wcond, on tbe contrary, giru tbe nonruh. 

not dapriiia ■ 

" Anothrr claaa of goano poieeasing lest Talne, and oer- 
Inlj not paying tbaprice of Iranaport and manipulation, 
that nhlch la obtaiaed by cniablng rocka eonlalning 
loanhonu. AmonRat them ws Bod the phoaphorir rooka 
of Eatremadon, and ihechlorophite ncIiB of DorerfNew 
Jeney}, mdCrown Point tLake Cbamlaiu), The two laat 
■ ■" ' lea't of phOBphsto of lime, bat in a 
moot be abuirbad by Ihe roati of 
ake the precaniion of trealing them 
irllh atdphorio aoid, thay cannot form a anperphoaphate 
capable ol enleiing into organio life by ila abaothent powsc 
nnd other forcea inherent in th. roota ofpl.nl?. ITohably 
,1 .olcanlo origin a. '■ --'-■-■- .t...„... 



aloe of any in tbal el 



auder differei 



BMdbjBtbinlajerol 
heir aurface, toll ' 
maat which hu 



lamea. Some of 
:rem>QtB of birJi 
Tcn a filae repn- 
indet Ibat name. 

„ r mble each other 

lyiieallj, we mnat not conelnde them to he eqntllj 
milablr, heranae ehemiitry only ttket accoant ot the 
lity ot the anbetaneet of whicli Ibej are compoaed. 
We think Ibe following coosiderationi completely eluci- 
date the facta elated abore : We coQlendlhallhaaiity-fooi 
irople bodiea, which form tbe elementa of all thinga, and 
rhich all preoeed from Ihe aoil. where they commenoed hj 
eiDB hidden, eaitt in the aoil ondar dilferent atatea. BoUi 
rearmed hjtha dabria ofiooha,aiid ttaoaa ol noont foi- 



led byGoO^IC 



lU 

ezoapt in tU Inait dcmentUT form*, inoh •* lioheiu. 
monu, £«., ie. ThM« pUnta, whiofa «a Me poihing 
UumMlTM oYsr Uu •oitkoi of the luksd ratki, meive tlw 
dmpl* bodlM whloh sntar Into Iheii arginUin, uid wUxh 
w ihiU Sad in ■ primielTi MaUt U w« Mdiu* thamlo 
ulu*. When tha liilMn* uid UOMM d*aaj,th«irmliunl 
elemanti m glrat to th« lall In a itaU mon bvmmbt* to 
■ItarioT inoonontian. aod In tbaii tom eui rater into Uu 
oompoiltloa of ■ hlghsr oUn afplinta, wU«h tnallimUdi 
fhamielru deeompOMd. Agiu, Umm plinta Imto Ilia 
■iemauti of Thtoh thsy am oompoHd in k lapariar lUta 
to that in which the; reoaiTed tnam ; and Ihni thi nanlt 
)i, theH (lamentB Impiov* thamulTaa from tlma id tima, 
till thef baeome oapabia of being raodfad into animal lih ; 
oonaaqnraOj we And In nun neailj all tha ilmpla bodlaa. 
If ll ware sren poeaible t« nooriah a being, whoaa oi'giniein 
ll H eampliaattd ■■ that of man. wilh aabelaatwi in lluir 
prtmiiln alata, It mold not appnipijale them. Foiln- 
8lanee,rapp(ia* a man oonld awiUaii powdered telipar oon- 
tataing TO pa ctnt. of patuh, wa ihonld Snd the whole ol 
the latter aakiUace ia his eierementi, and not one lUtm 
wonld bare entered Into the aonetrnotlDn of hi* organi. It 
oonld not be otherwise, thounh all the potuh we find in 
man eontfl* from felapathia Toeka. Bat tbia potaah iiae raa 
IhroDKh B apeoia* of gradual rerolation daring tbe ile- 
TelDpment of organia life. Qolil it wu brought into a aoit- 
able aitte lo beoonie part of oar bnjite. Tbe tame maybe 
Uid of eTcrj piimiii<e matter that we find in nalare. 

which the orgtmlc matter eierciaes new rouitiooa which did 
not belong to il belbre. and which are dcf eloped by the new 
aitnation in which tbej are placed. It is in nrtne of 
tbaae piinolplea thatwelhinktheanalfaiaolaaoilia naeleii 
to ihriaen if il does not raliblish a dladuction relaiire to 
the atate in whloh the primitiie matters that cainpoae it 
are foond. In tact, an amljiia of tint kind only poinla 
out (0 b'Tn all that a field ia capable of yielding to T^etaUle 
lib fbr an indeCnite period, bat liTing liim do mnuia of 
Jodging tha propartion anitable ' 



TBE FARHBR-S MAGUINX. 

■ Tfca qa»a>tt>. la WlipiM a.wlmi 



en led to Ihii 



la ptopoi 
.orated In hia 
that tha aaheiol plioti of a aoparior ( 
of their daOonpoaltLon, are ranch 
tba tame ingradlenls nndertha fbcm of primi^re matter. 
Tbaae opinlona hare been oppoaed bj aome critica, bnt wa 
■n happT to eaj that the whole tandenej of aaientifie mind* 
il in ftniw of it, aa wa eliall Hoeead to ahow. 

* Wa fcaTc ajaallir malmalaail that Ua ■■aipnlalieBi to whioh 
a* adl il niboiittad in a ngiUac vaf, bat* Ik* aSeot af ia- 
ptvfiag inovaaie BatlM, and iwdariag it aanUa of Mag 
ainittad to Oia** in tb* intoioc ol ^tata. TU* taaolt pis- 
eaadt fuOf fnm Ih* mf lacio anaalitj of vagMaUa " 
pradaead. and eaaaaqntetlT tha mcia*** ri tbe niaa 
d a w poaad faota ia lb* i»U i bat M aapli** •qoallj to 
lb* M^ In 



eba^oal cbaagt* oosarriag Unrtlf 
giHtai oueolaiiaB of tha Btm 
opioiow of IMig nlatir* to 



WoUaobaliera that tha 

ta of laKonla aad eihai 

principal a** Ot 



oaia ipraad on Ih* adl ia, to taadat tbe watn eipabit of 

"" — — ' titr o4 iamgiaic Hattan, in otdrnr 1« 

a railabia itaU to taat tka cbwiea] 
1 apt to aontiiboto to the 




jf IntiUt;. 

aow hiTa la rtew, wa mIt propoaa to aaUbUab so* qi 

tbM. for tb* oeet put, lb* bucginla autloi of Hiila ia quil* 

aaffiekat lot ihooawd* ot er^i^ and only lanin to b* aab- 

aUtad lo a fngnan** lattoa bafcia bacoaiag ^ ' 

TbaMlowtq tati wUl, «• lUak, taOe* W p 



rtiBl bontaahMtmiiaalaDam;— 



no*ph«>iBadl.. 

Ii«o 

Hagnaak 

MnbiriBldd..., 



Qnin. 


Hiaw. 


•bid. 


1.171 


ITIJK 


mm 


IMSl 


n.9a 


4lfW 


MAO) 




4aiis 






ITTM 


SJll 




uos 




1.STO 




lASI 


1111 






two 


ao5s 


DJ2S 


tm 


45J37 


seiLUt 


mm 



" W* aa* that >I3 UognHm** of iangaaie ■ 

nffieiat Ibi tba giain uiditiaw ofaBO(dfaui;c»p,*>dtkl 

.1 that Btaaa 2SS lilocraBmii baloaf to tbo atiaw. aadtflo 

tha [lain. Oiu nippodiloa it batad npM tbe ftraar niliai 

" itrsw; but if we laatoie tbe altaw totb* aoit,MMta 

u to tile aatth that poitiMi of iuotgiaie aabatanm ahitb 

r into iti ninpDiitio*, bjr freqnaat — ipii-tin—i ud 

ooti which alwiyi remain ia tb* aajl, it wiD ,nSlt u 

aapport tba land withoot tb* aid of otbei mannna. Bat (k 

" end wabtiaisTiaw. wanoitaDppoM thattUthepnteti 

laiied. Let oa aea th*n what are the damcnta ceiUiitl 

a vagatabla aartb,aB ttdmuj loain 2S nallmeoaltef, 

eompoted of SO par out. ttnd 01 ailica, 

Kdaa. Crafi. 

SHisa S,SOI^a anIGwut br 14i«l 

Fotaah SS.EOt „ 2,411 

Fboipboik *dl. . . . 15,511 „ 7U 

Urn* GS,(U7 „ U,ia 



16,737 



Bulphniic acid .... 1,JI7S 

Boda 6,1U „ 17,771 

Fecoilda of iron.. .. ISS.Sil . t96J»e 

Chlorid* of aodlaiLi . tiaoet Mtj 

" Wbo f*B ratd tbapnndiig Sgai** wilboot laxuof 
oonTiooed that it ia not tba wut of auilaU* BiBw*! muur 
that bindan tb* giowth of aon, bat aivplr tk* laM tW 
tb*** Binenl ntt(*n an not in * licbl alata hxalciat 
into tb* ooBwitiaB at tb* tnftt U wau* hmmUtii 

»»natt, w* lacnaia tha fowtc whid watai p n , •* 

Itini Biom) valteri. We add, baddaa, toarpne ■! 
laolti - 

"■•■■I. 

piofiN*a ot tb* al*«i «a la of wheat, ii will onlj laqni* i* 
lillowtoatiBwaaaaaat lo btiajc aU tbaio *lM***t> iu- • 
mitable >(«U (or a»Bmil>lig>. 4 aMtiaMd addilio* tl 
imiaaBi*. withoat nr othar *paci«t af mmax* br wv <( ■» 
pronog tba aoil, woold enl; earn lo ciAaatt it, aad i«m 
ol iDcr***iag tba waigbt of crop*, woild diidaiib iteB aMi 
tb* land w*ald baeaaaa ttarila. Ibal woald not pieoed bn 
taialng tb* ninanl aattat* boa lb* aall, bat vRrlT >^'*^ 
tbe iwaonl of Ih* aaulienried part of tb* vhola pwlioi « 
thaaa anbltaaoei, whitb may (lid *pp*M in Iha wbwt. U- 
rotaiaa of tba tbcoir ofanuiMDkadoptoartkwcloaiiRtf 
chagrin at nanr of tb* farBwa. B«iM kilAca-gaidcBDai' 
Loa|Iil*nd(Na>YoA} coaU jMO^** good cnM atk M j 
hilogTammaa ot Paiafiaa fuao I aow thoyaio ohlipdtaaal 
I.IOO to pisdae* lb* «*we ifeeL If tblj o*BliiDi lt« 

''"-"- - ■ " - -"■ Btafc aaing a-maa' ' 

. aph^ringtbaaidalai 
11 find their land eihiiialed bafua tl 

" Hi* *ip*ri*MotaBwd* of enltiratiag wheat opoa Ibt La*' 
Waadon Mtttm hara luffleiutlT proTod tha tnth el n*l 
thteiT. W* think tba fallowiog propoailiow will >bSm t* 




«t« tba WMt ii|id a( 

, ,, ^ ,,,. alfcin Th**idi"l"« 

fann dug lad olb«i Banaro* pwcaadi Uom lkaa|iewl 



e o( ibalMMMiialr 



db,Goo^lc 



THEPARHER' 

k dJMalTent of in- 

atiiB thf 

lOftbcmlulM^ 

. B qniotllj of gu in 

It to (in Kilir til* piopcrlj of dii- 

-"--t, M that it a^ HITS u ■ nhida 

_- .. theiMU oTfluti. 

' n< idditiM of m ncaMira qnutitf oT utmonii to > 
nl rotblM U* bnMt to rapplj hiioMlf witb ■ gnutitr of 
MM^itntii HlNtucw mora i^ridlf thia tba taDd on bMc, 
oaaqMallj it gMi vAtaital, md nmuai itfUmlj of no 
nha for > tin* mm or low loog. Bot tba eSerti of oitonl 
■IBta nfin at tha huI of t ecrtun timi to ludw o loil, 
junlirtira witfaoot piafTeninlT untlionting ttio tloaunt* 




W< lad Hr. H>^ <x 



I npar^oiphat 
. Va Audi me 



id by t 



m of Iha EaflJih 



- ii nibjtet OB i futon oeoaiiOD. 

tlpoo Iha MoatitatioD of imn Uand luoua, of vhi(^ wa 
'-yt tat yat laam ■ MmpK oad moatqaootlf know uothiiig 



laMimta: Tho Comoittra looiulod b; tha Funai'i Clob 
oflkcABcriew laitilola, fu the porpoaa of iupaetiBg the 
noo ialti belonciag to Iba N«v Totk Compuy, btra tha 
iMOar tf pnamtiii* the anb}idiied caport : 

"Tim CoBodttaa ura nuKioad tha tillca of Uie Conpuj. 
ud fad that Ihoy ponau man Ibu thiaa miliion loni of 
Bpaie («aaa ia Bwu lilaad, Aatilltt 8«t. Thii (nuo hu 
Im ndriBd by Dr. Jiam K. Chaltoo, M. Pohla, ud othu 
chnniMi^ who atate that it praoaadi tiva the cxcrmenta of 
VA, ud that it ii of ■ qoality ta^ mooh wutcd, (ioca tb« 
n bi Mt ioB of ao maof bodi of biid inaaa in ths iilaodi of 
Ik Ptdk. Wo think the diuxnaij of thii (quid «U1 pat ■ 
■Up to tha aiorbitant deoinda of tha Fara*iu QoianoiiM 
hr ;ha bird Kwao item Cbiaeha Iilea, wbich ia tha only Iraa 



ii Ita OaU of CaliAmii, bdoaning to tbi Ueiiou Conpuy, 
•IB MtAf azhanalad. 
"Tbi ftnaaa is tha Uoittd Sulaa hate baao daceind io ■ 

idoiiic ud nuoeral lauuH, &e., which ira at lary littla nlua 
nopiied with the orguie [ouoa pradncad by u iocamala- 
(ional birda' ciCTODuota. 

'Saranl of our nonmiiiiDDaia haTO had oecaalan to meat 
Ht. Thoaaaa P. Hoixaa, and hua haaa eootinsad by hia 
aHTBialioa that Bwia 111* la aBaily toaehod, and tha loiiw it 
nataiaa cui bo hnMi(ht to Htw Yoik at ■ fiaitbl raijiai 
bnai Ii to U fr. per ton. tit. Morna maDlioned all Uia 
bda nlatira to tha qiaatity of hiidi' dnDg ba (annd aeeaam- 
hul then, tba mteaa of Iriidt babitnaUy fnqiuDtiag that 
idt.thaiilntbita,ftB. 

' Ha aUtad that nMily tha vhola of thii guaui eoDtaina a 
h^ qnnlity of phDaphala, wbiah nay ba aatiraatad at VJ 
pn EtDt Hownci, the pnniortiDn i> Ina in luioo obUioad 
inm tha Dclgbboiicheod of tha Mciidloail ibowi, becauai 
UlU inbalaoce i* uiied with aaadi which hoTO bean wniad 
bj irinda blowing in tha diieetioii of thi lai. 



S MAGAZINE. 125 

■ Althoogb tba Ooapaay Ul baond to take tha apaaimau 
nadai theaa nalaTOnnbla einomataDcaa, that ia to tay, mined 
with ODCil noda, aoalyiia baa glnn In ena eaaa at leait <1| 
par ent. trna bona pbeapbal*. That ia whtl ia Matod in u 
anilyaia aada by Di. Chdlonind K. Fohl*. Tba other paita 
of Swan lalvid an entiiely abalterad from ahon tand, and 
that portion when the mixtnra ho taken place ia pieeiacly in 
the bay when the Company haa conatnieted their dock). 

' Year tOBunittce think that the eertillcatca of timera who 
htTO niad the (OMO ia the bnt proof which can ba given of 
itequbUeo. Thee* pioTa that it mnat ba a Ten naafd 
manure. At thii time, whan lirBaia an ao eoDTinoad <a tha 
aaeaaalty of Inciaaeiog the gnaatlly of mannna, the diaoorety 
of theea depoula of guano ia aa arent whieh the whole 
CDODtry ahoutd njoica in. 

"(Kpied) J. Uaplb*, Praiidot. 

"E. W. POBDII. 

" t. Bbru. 
'Hm York, Apra, IHI." 

•• Office of the I^bontory of H. R. Chdlon & Ccu 

"73,Pria™a-atn»t. 
" Wa ha*e aaalyaad a aimpla of Swan laland gnano for 
the New Totk Gnuo Company, and find tha follawiBg 

Fhoapbaia of Une 41.60 

CatboDsteor lim 12.17 

Orranis matter 18.10 

CUoride of ndinm and anlphala of aoda .. 0.60 

Band and other aaithj mattan 20.00 

Walai and laaa, ,.,,. B.U 

lOOOO 
"(Sifiiad) K. Chilton, Analytical ChemiaL 

"JAui Irrk,Dta. 2S1A, ISeS.* 

" Ilia true nano ii a naidaa leenitiag Eram the eiciementa 
and Itoaaa of birdi, &&, mon or leaa altered aocordipg to 
ciienmataocea, tnch aa hast, rain, && 

* Haoy pboapbotic rocka aud Tolcanio piodoeta oontaining 
pbsapbata of lime are raoaiTed ondei Ike oaon of raano ; 
bnt tha ptuMphata of Hsa pioaaoding froth the daeoBpealtioa 
of animal ergtiiama paeaaaa (Talaa tai greater tua Ihnt 
daiiiad from roeka or loleanie prodeeta. 

" Wa han receotly aaalyied the Swan lalasd gnano whieli 
yon inentionad to na, and tfaink it ia derired from the eici*- 
maots of bIrdi mixed with land. Thia aand may haTS boan 
eurled (hen by tha wind* fnm the Dalgbbooring aluwea 
while the goano waa accaeiDlatiDi. 

" I bare Iha hoaoni to be, &e., 

Nea rati, Sk. 24, 1BS3. 'J, B. Csilioh." 

Wa ban been Tidtiag th* qnaiiiaa in Aidannaa, whieh will 
fnni tbia time be worhed up on ai Tait a acala aa the beda of 
leaiil phoaphit* of line, aiiice we bare aean mon than ItO 
men at work in M. Coxhery'i factory. Fraoca bcgioi now to 
•cek to draw part of the ferliliiiog mitten whieh iti a^ 
preienlaloiL Anew foreign maoun will ilwiyi ba well 
rtoaiied, aa the wanti of a^ienltnn an enoimoni whan it 
airiraa at tha mailmuai at prodnetion. J. A. BajuiAL, 



ANNALS OF STEAM CULTURE. 



If CTEi any coonty waa more in need than snolher of 
steam cultiTation, it ia Eseei ; and yet in Easci tho 
maaubcturen of atcam nuchinery bavB made least way. 



To a certain eitent, I may aay to a very greet eiUnt, 
■Here is a lively prqudice againit draini^ ; but in some 
wrli— pjrticuki^, for iurtance. in tlio sonth-cait of Eaaei, 
I Itud that, until a good tenant-right Uw gives security to 
the t«ant for his inyestment, no grest improTemcnt will 



ensue in this reapect. I hays met with gEutlcmeu who, 
although they approve of drainage, conaider that they may 
pay loo dear forproTidiag a quick and lafc passage of the 
rain to tho bogndniy ditchee. Drainage, where no tenant- 
right law eiista, is clearly a landlord's question. It is his 
money tbat should beinvested in the pcnnancnt improve- 
ment of hia estate, and the tenant alioiild only be looked to 
for annual interest upon the outlay. 

On this and other pointa fiumera must moke their 
influence tt\i with their repreaentatives. That mlo which 
prohibita the disenaiion of poUCicBl aUhJri at moat of our 
agricultural gatherings, ia moat injiuioos, II ie«ms t« me 



id by 



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THS FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



that theie tie the oulf oochmhi oa which th^ corns 
togethET; and, iualcad in wutmg time in hearing ft umnber 
of complimaDtaiy apecchet, whi& generallj' piu betireen 
the f^ ^i rpi mi and. Mr. vioe, the clecg;. and the lard- 
Ueutenant, it would be far better to elicit good sonnd 
weigh^ cxpressioiu of opinion on thou meaaaret which 
aie neceasaiy to enable them to pi; their boainesB with 
profit to thenuelTcs and the coua^. Whj are these 
shirked P — none ean be more momentous. There are, 
peclu^B, patent reaaoni why Sir Grouse 'WDodeoek wonld 
rather that ailence were pnserred on the matter of the 
Game I^ura, in the metAiog dtct which he preddei ; bat 
eren hii patronage maj be pnrchaied at a little too dear a 



About a year «ince 1 had occadon to 
the able manner in which ateam wai being employed in 
the tillage operation of the (arm by Meaara. Blythc and 
Squire, near Tilbury. I am now ibont to deuiibc the 
change which is being wrought by Fowler's ateam-plon^ 
upon a large farm, in the pariah of Little Stambrid^, nrar 
Sonlhend, and now in the occupation of Mr. William Allen. 
Thu gentleman farms very nearly 3,000 acres in seven 
diStoent tBrma, some portion of the land going to form 
part of thoae iilands created b; arms of the river Cronch, 
which empties itself into the North Sea, on the south-eaat 
of the county. The land for (he most pact is heavy, and 
ploughed wiUi three hones. The lubsoil is nearly in all 
cases a blae or a yellow clay. Sometimea this adheaiva 
earth il fbond on the top, altsmaling with a sand or a 
graveL The lighter land producei s^endid crops of 

' itoea, mangdds, &c., and the heavier of wheat and 






Mr. Alien has used his steam-tacVle with great effect 
upon Wallace Island, one of thoseislandamentioiied above. 
T^ atqile there eonusta of 4 feet ot bloe clay, which is 
plonghed with Hate horses. The land having been re- 
claimed from the sea, is, aa nsual, intersected by the wind- 
ing ehanuels by wkicli the sea-water naed to find iti 
to and &om it, when it lay subject to the diurnal 
flow. The boundaiieB being so irr^ular, a gi eat deal ol 
difficulty is eiperienced in using the ateun-tachle to ai 
lOOtagB; bat it ao chancea that the land heie, being 
anch a kind that It can only be worked at a partieohu 
time, the aniiliary force proves moat valoable. 

It is always now the case that the land destined to grow 
roots ia brolieD up deeply and cleaned in the autumn, in- 
stead as formerly in the spring. The winter aeration and 
f^Mst are considered eqnal to a good coat of dnng ; and the 
dni^ which is thus spared is expended wiUi great e^t 
elsewhere. The horses, too, have been released from very 
hard and wearing work. The niunbei has not been re- 
duced, but a great many breeding mares have been em- 
ployed, which, lightly worked, piove a source of con- 
siderable profit. From Mar to the 29lh of September 
the steam-engine has been doing the work of 21 horses 
daily, that is, of seven three-horse teams. Such is Mr. 
Allen's atatonent; and he considers this estimate "be- 
low the mark." The plon^^iing has been done at con- 
siderable disadvantage, tor the land lyin^ 10 ftet bebw 
high-water level, presents difBcnlties to the drainer, and 
rendeiB the existence of stetches and water-CiUTows not a 
matter of option. Now stetches are obstadea to the 
progress of the work ; for where they measure 8 feet S 
inchea acraas, and a cultivator which covers B feet 3 inches 
has to make one bout on each stetch, it is clear that 4 feet 
6 inches is lost each time ; and that instead of ten acres 
day the outside cannot be more than seven or eight. Not 
withstanding thia dnivbaek a good tale of work has been 
poformed, aa the following list ot details will show, 
tainiog as it does the result of lOS days of autoi 
ploughing and caltivation i — 



No. of 


Depth in 


res. Workings 


inches. JMt. 


6 Twice 


10 after wh«t for roola . SI 


B Twice 


e after whotfbrmangiMs » 


fi TwiM 


9 for Mow . . to 


1 Twice 


11 anmmerMow . . ti 


5 Twice 


11 after coriander seed lor 




summer bllow . 30 


i Twice 


11 after wheat for mangold 13 


6 Onco 


U after wheat . it 


6 Twice 


11 ditto . . U 


6 Twice 


11 after twes . . U 


7 Once 


11 after wheat for biWB 




mustard . T 


IB Twice 


11 after trifolinm for swedo SO 


EO Twioe 


11 after trifiilium for cole- 




seed ... 40 


11 Once 


11 after taiea for hay, fi* 




wheat , . . 11 


la Ones 


11 ditto . . » 


le Once 


11 after peas for wheat . 1( 


2S Once 


11 ditto . . « 


19 Once 


11 after seed tares for oats, 11 


13 Onoe 


10 after whiie mustard £>c 




mnstard . . » 


2* Once 


10 ditto . . . » 


16 Once 


PLOUQEIHO. 

8 tor swede* . . U 


Z% Once 


8 for coleseed . . H 


10 Onoe 


(dog) 8 fur wheat . . . 10 


20 Once 


(dug) S for barley . . . H 


13 Once 


(dnS) 8 for wheat . . . IJ 


20 Onoe 


10 for wheat . - . M 


10 Once 


B tarrooU . • t 1" 



PreviooB to this, S50 acres were plon^ied and mtti. 
vated, and, strange to say, withont one ruptuie d the 
rope ; which, when 1 saw it, looked cedsisly as though il 
wonld last another leaion. It was about one-third am 
only. The severity of the strain put upon it can be ima- 
gined when I say that not only has the anchor hem psM 
from its track, but the heavy 14-hone power mgine hH 
been dragged aside also, and that more Uian once. 

The eipensea of working and repairs are aa fallows : 
labour, fuel, andoU, 103 days at 33b. . flSD 19 i 
Kepain and rope for one year .... EO | 
10 per cent, on value for wear and tear, 

and 5 per cent, for interest on mon^ . 120 | 

£339 19 ; 
Taking BOO actes to represent the workdone, 11a. 3d. p>r i 
acre wiU represent the cost of it. This at first ai^t lo^ ' 
high, but then we must bear in mind what sort of wort i 
hu been done, and how, owing to the depth and npau- 
rity of the tillage by steani, the number of these operstiau 
has been reduced, com[ared with the old standsfd. M 
us remember the 10, 11, and 14-inch work: let ui she 
remember that, by means of ateam, seveial umilir Mt 
have been accomplished to the foUowing: A field of 1* 
acres, after whea^— one mass of cauch-grass : under hone 
cnltare a dead Mow wonld have been iuevitible hex, 
which would have cost lil or bcvcd two and thr«e-hB« 
ploDghings. Instead of this it was bn^an up de^ 
immediately after the wheat was reoiored, wain atined 
and drsg-harrowed, and eleued bj hoira. It Wis tMC 



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Mwn viUi otti and (eeded, the teedi bdng now perfectly 
tku md thiiring. Ur. Allea co&uden in Ihie mm be 
kigamollheott crop dor. It mnst not be forgotten, 
iIn, tint the engiiM bu beea emplofed during the jear 
to tbni^ 1,200 qn. of wbeat, peai, and white mnitud j 
1 bet that ahowi that I h«Te not been right in charging 
Hie nbole fear's interest on the tillage. 

The bnn i^a which Mr. Allen rendes ia in the paiiali 
of Little Stanbridge ; and the fine old Hull , containing 
dthin ill enclaiures the little to;-like-loalung chnrch 
with woodm gpire, appenra to conititnte the TiUage. 
Uidi of the land he oe^npiei belonn (o him, bat Vdt 
(um he lenti of a neighboor, who lilcewiae fsnns. On 
qiproKhing the uedgblMiiT'i fann, before I came te Stan- 
iriift, I condoded from the uie of the Seldi and the 
•IwDee of hedge-Tow timber that it waa Mr. Allen'*, laid 
DOt ipniallf for ateam. Thi>, however, wai a mistake ; 
tndl wu not alittle Barpriaed when I Ibaiid that hj one 
■)u> eridtutlT >□ well appreciated the advantage of dealing 
with lud in large ireaa, ondleaa obstadea were thrown in 
titt wij of an enterprixing tenant who ajnied el the ume 
nmlt. I mmtian an inetance which, thoogh bir no meani 
vithont iti aninterpBrta in other neighboorbooda, aeenu 
to be n«dIaalT Teiatiniu to a ouui who ia expending hit 
i^tal with ■ Uviih hand in the improiement of the pni- 
po^. Hiere aie three Gelda Iving t<^etber--a 12-»cro 
md i 24-«n field at dther end, and b little field of (ix 
KM, with aboat two or three ponnda' worth of timber in 
tit ktdge-rowa, to divide them. They m all arable: lo- 
Stther thej would make a fine 40-acre plot, and f et per- 
ninion to throw tbon into one ia withheld. The aix 
tOTtmut of eoDTse be plonghed bj hone, and the fiddi 
oa Btlier aide of it are each tilled at more eipenie than 
1% would bo were the intervening kedgee levelled. Jn- 
lind I wil! nadertake to aay that the planghing of the 
10 tciei together woDia not coet moie than the IS and 
Ihe Sl-icre togetber do now. In other tana ocenpied 
bj Mr. Allen, nicb barriera to prograi are readil; rC' 
Dtntd, and h free ■ eonrae ia given to the ateam plongb 
It la the celebrated Scrattonhonndi, both being paCroniaed 
bj tke nine admired and reapected Wei of the cbaaa. 

The tdbwing are a few puticnlan concerning the 
■ntingi of certain flddi : 

Twentf icra, broken up afler pcaa 7 inchee deep, itmck 
■rilh lione plough, and harrowed down with horaea : here 
fte itetchca were done away with for the flnt time — an 
openiaent which ii watched by ndgbboora with the hmc, 
I Kodd ahnnat lay, ao natnral to the propheta of ill, 'Hie 
l^ixigh mi at work, and taming fonr forniwi wi tb great 
owlitade. The old bailiff owned that hoisea codd do 
■Mhiig like it, for regnlarit; in depth. Indnding mow- 
sg>, the pece would take 8^ daja. Great attention wai 
pdtoao^Dit the dack rope. Ten acreialao treated ei- 
icrimentallj bj the abandonment of the gtetch ■jltem, 
<fler wheat, ploo^ied 8 inchea deep, drained. 

Fortj^ight tent, fbrmerly compriead of two Adds of 
ISaciaand one of 12, prepared for wheat. Twenty aerei, 
"I" Jar*! gnas ley, hd off and dog (by steam) inchea, 
1>J trom Joly to September without being tonched, wea- 



&. AQen vtta a great quantity of London dnng, which 
™m« liy water to within a mile of hii fenn, and hie crops 
^■inavery marked manner the effceta of this atimolug 
wmbiatd wili deep enltore. There is yet one great ob- 
iUde— the ^tetmee of water. It has been ogun and 
^ ibown, and 1gr no one more powerfiilly than by Mr. 



J.B. 



i laad. The beat meuu of hdghtening 



its tempoatnre is by lowering " the sock," which can only 
be done by effective drunage. In a dtnation snch as I 
have described Mr. Allen's to be— that ia, 10 feet betow 
high-water mark— it muat be snpposed that the ontldl ia 
not the beat in the world ; but, beyond this, the custom 
of the country, or the teigneurial conditions, I forget which, 
have imposed other difficulties in the way of thorough 
drainage. The landlord will supply pipes, which the 
tenant may employ ss he pleases, on condition that he 
covers them wiUi three inchea of cockle ahella — a useless 
addition, which increases what without it is a suffidently 
eipendve operation, by abont £1 an acre. Snch an arbi- 
trary condition shodd be at once removed ; and where 
tenants withhold from risking their own capital in draiuBge, 
' of thdr possesaiug no lease, and no tenant-right 



interest hy having the land well drained at hia 
own coat, and ehaigii^ Uie tenant a reasonable per-centage 
on tbe outlay. 

The acquirement of steam power to hdp him in the cd- 
tivation of thia strong land has afforded the utmost satia- 
faction to Mr. Allen. Ills eipenaea have been reduced, 
his yearly area of cropping has been enlai^ed, and his an- 
nual returaa have been increased. 

The ignorance displayed by a recent comapondoit of 
the lime* would receive ita best rebuke were the writer to 
make a visit to Stanbridge, So far traia ttiaua cdturo 
having proved a failure there, Mr. Allen is thinldug of 
employing two sets of stam apparatus — not of abandoning 
the one he has slrcad; ; and certaidy no one who saw lo 
much of him as I did could leave hia hospitable roof irith 
the conviction that steam was regarded in any hght than 
as a simple means of enlarging his profits. 

In thia world man ia mndi given lo depend upon pre- 
cedent. WealHookfarthefootstepabcfbrous.eieeptcertain 
brave and independent spirits, who create the precedent* 
which serve as infallible guides to those who are conteat 
to foUow. They, looking to the point they desire to reach, 
make straight tawaida it, undistnrbed by any footpslhi 
that may happen to cross the line they have deddcd upon. 
Men are as obseqaions to rde and tniditiend proeednre in 
^riculture as most other things. The landowner seeks as 
pertinaciously for his precedent as the tenant-hrmer — nay, 
mora so ; and, as a rule, ndther will move without it. 
We owe a debt of thanks, thcrefiin, to those who, in the 
interest of progreas, have the manliness to annannce u new 
way, and thns occasionaily to break the martinet spell 
which encircles the busy mdtitude. and makes them 
governable. Were it not for such occurrences we shodd 
be at a dead-lock, Hkc the ChinEse, who eiyDyed their 
present d^ree of dviliiation when our rude ancestry of 
the woods and cavei were chewing earth-nuts, and render- 
ing their bodies horrible for war, with v^etable juices. 

In England we have reason to think with pride of many 
an original thinker, who, when the old methods were be- 
coming ineSdent, pointed oat the defect, and hdped to 
create new ones better adapted to the ncccaaitiea of the 
times. As r^ords sgricdtnre, the present state of the 
land, the crops, the cattle, and the work-people, aa com- 
pared with what they were one hundred ycara ago, testify 
to the bold creation of a rapid auceeasion of new pre- 
cedents, having no likeness to anything recorded in thoio 
early times. Ten years ago was created that rnle which 
recognizes steam aa the necessary substitute for horse- 
power in the fidd, and which fanners generallv are now 
preparing ta follow. It is hard to say what individual 
shodd have the credit of first atriking out this original 
idea; hnt I rather think thai, dthongh several mechanics 
aet aboct devising the meana of rendering steam a* 



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THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



imaialile to rnle for tilbge operaljona u korui, Uts de- 
DUiid for a motiTe power better fltUd to thdr purpose 
than tlut deriTBd from tsbaal mnade Bitt tct ihaa npon 
derulng ths boatifU michiner; Doir tued to inacMe tlie 
prodooe of tlis coonti?, uid, at the Mine time, toJiminuh 
t}iB eipen*e> at •oil<<:iittiirB, Altlion^ the lead ii giveD, 
end the role ii liiil down — ilthongfa itoun cnltiTBtiaD i> 
proved la be equal to tlie prophoey which thearj rentnnd 
coDoaniag its virtue*, there i> > eertaia eliia a mea not 
■0 Inuneduitely ben^ted bj the Hdoptioa of the new 
eumple u those to whom ta inuaediate remtrrencc to it 
appear* to be pre-eminently caaential. Wicli the old 
appliances, the teoant-lhrmer knows that he cannot raise 
wheat at 4>. a bushel, sad so meet the foreign pcodnee ia 
the BritUh market on equal temia. Steam, especiallv on 
some soils, may enable him to do this, and more, and he 
i* therefore aiiiioui]f lookiog to its csiplovraent. Uis 
power to adopt it sncceaafullf dq)cnds opon toe proprietor 
of whom ho rents Iho land ; lor with amaU enclosures, 
irregular bonndaries, and antiquated coreiianti, he could 
only work a iteam ploogh at a loss. The proprietor, whose 
neenalty for change is not so inmiediate and obvious, is 
staggered when applied to, to remove, or bUpw to be re- 
moved, the field boundary lines, which are now as they 
an teea to bave been on the old tithe map which rots in 
the parish vsatn. A* no such thing ever did occur, the 
qoertiou is whether it over should or oould occur. Tradition 
in this owe oppose* reason with a fearless front, and the 
Mnidi7 1* nJlad npon to pnichaie tram other uatioos 
ttetj year much corn that oonld be produoed at home. 
In aiuwer to the appeal, "This isabxadlord'sqiiestiaa,"it 
I* laid, " Steam cultivation will come without as" ; and so 
Ml the part of the landlorda thera appears to be a check 
given to the tenant-farmers in theit desire to Duke their 
anpply equal to the demand. 

Tnm the ihiTish adherence to precedent, however, 1 
can happily quote sereral eiceptiont, like those of the Earl 
St. O^mains, who has ^ven Hr. Ruck penniuina to re- 
model hii finn, and lay it out iu blocks, intersected bv 
hard engine road*. Uis example I have already quoted, 
I am now about to quote e another, which will eo far* 
ther to show how much benefit may be derived &om 
preparing famia for steam cultivation, both by the landlord 
and the tenant, and with what perfect safety the course 
mi^ he adopted. 

It is neceasan, however, that landowner* should not 
only grant penousiou to their tenantry to remove hedge- 
rows and create hard ruads. Aa a rule those onterprising 
men who parchase steam tackle have more than enough 
to do to pay for the tackle the Srat year. The pemusaioa 
would only avail with tenants wlioaremen of capital. So 
lar a* the commuaity of farmers is conceroed this most be 
a proprietors' question. And why not 7 Whera, I ebould 
be glad to be told, can he £ud a better investment for his 
money than m an improvement, which, if it be stiff clay 
land, will, in five yean, increase its rent bv 10a, an acre, and 
yield him an immediate annual return of S or S per cent, on 
the actual sum eipended F Better bi such good dividend* 
fhnn this sonrce, tban from risky speculationi on the Stock 
Exchange, where every man is seeking to £nd a bigger 
fbol than himself. Mr. Smith, of Waclston, gives n posi- 
tive case, to show that iu consequence of the improved 
condiUon of land held by bimaelf, the Parochial Assess- 
ment Committee (appointed under 26th and 26th Vict., 
oap. 103], have "shoved it up 10s. per acre overavery 
fhir rate made siitaon years ago by agentlemansent down 
by the Tithe Commiisloneri to value and assess the tithes 
ot the pariah, on which the valuation of the raXe was 
based-" And brmers who are ready to pay a fair rate of 
Interest for capital expended by thdr luidiorda on such 
improvementa as they deem neeetsary to profitable farm- 



ing; may be met with on every estate. A bim that lia is ! 
seven and _ten-acre fielda cannot be enltiTnted by ilomla 
advantage. Four or five of the*e enBlomre* want Uuoaigg 
into one, asd the whole could be dealt with at lot <i. 
penae than two-thiida of the quantity as it now Get, 1 
ssw, the other day, two twelve-acre fields sepanUd bj t 
narrow field of six acre* ; making, by its irregular kei^. 
row, all three fields mast difficult to cdtivate. The ccotiT 
field was plonghed by horses, the other two by itean, IV 
hedge-rowa once removed, and there lies a fine mui^ 
able plot easy to cultivate ; but the landlord nyi, 
" No, 1 suppose he thinks the internal ^viuon of (kt 
fitrmas mnchuie subject of entail as the land itself. He 
trath will penetrate hii mind sooner or later, I coujcctgR, 
and the more rapidly as the examples of those who mn- 
pose the van of progress is mote widely followed. 

As I chance to meet with them, then, I intend to hoU 
up to view these ^ecimens of what may and should \t 
done in order lo EacQitate the introduction of itam, isil 
give it " a fair fiehl" by the great landed prof rietera. 

Mr, Jdin Front, of Blount's Farm, Sawbridgevoith, 
Herts, pnrohaaed the land he now oDcn}ne* in tiie suIdbs 
of IDfll, and baa ainoe bnnad it. The fijat thing he iii 
wsa to order a set of steam apparatus of iSi. Fowkr, U 
was the idea of being one of the first in the field Ic n^ 
the advantage to be daived from breaking no this bur; 
alay soil to a great depth, that led him to make the nn- 
tnre. Uis next care was to remove all obstacles tu iti 
sueoessful working. Being hi* own maat«r, he set iluit 
clearing away every internal hedgerow, and every i^ of 
timber which infested them g of filling up the open dnin; 
of draining deeply, and conveying the water by ca<ncd 
ducts to the ontfaUa i of hying the whole area (i]ko, lai 
interseclinjc it at convenient distance* with peruiuuil 
grass and hard roads ; and of sinking wcUs here and dm 
to recdve and reserve the drain^ water to feed Ik 
engine boiler. StiH the bonndaries in some cases wol tu 
from strai^t — tittle bite of hi* laud jutted out into cUer 
estates, aod other properties jtdtod into his, and reuiienl 
necessary the empumnent of more horaea for the cultin. 
tion of odd* and ends than ho would otherwise have keW. 
He therefore efiiscted cxchangea with the proprietors n9 
surround him, and has now secured a compsrattTel; mi- 
form boundary line. The line was made in some iustures 
by purchase. He originally bought 4G0 acres; to lies 
he Eias added 10 by purchase, and to hia efl^ve con. 
growing area he has added 25 acres which wen fbnadj 
occnpicd iu growing quick and timber, or in dcainagt. 

The tiimi in its original state it depicted in the jto il 
the head of page 120. It lay m a foon particnlvly ill. 
calculated ibr snoeessfid steam culturn. Tha fields nude 
dark, and marked, 1 have been purchased, or been iqusRl 
tor the plough by a give-and-take proceaa, ta, far intlaau. 
that at the south-west extremity of the estate, when Lord 
Kbur;- ■- - -...--.■ . .■ - ..—■.- 
neigh 

in the very ci 

stead, i* not here shown. The eastom boon 
precisely as it was, I believe, and should have In 
neated by a contionoo* rather than a dotted line. Tb' | 
bit of land at the soutbem extremity of the ertate, cat eS j 
from the rest by the road, and formerly in three SelJi, it 
now thrown into one field, but is cultivated by horK- < 
power. The same may be said ot a field to the norlli. ' 
west, aod separated by the road. The rest of the Itud, 
now that the internal dotted lines representing the hodgf- ' 
rows with their ditches are removed from end to end, iaJ 
the whole divided by grass and gravel roads into sues 
pbta, i» cultivated by steam. The toad lettered "Frinte 

ri road," which connects the two homesteads, ^M 
Private ffTtt^el road. These engine road* sic m 



THE FABU ER'S MAGAZINE. 



aouT'a 7AB1C, 



vnngedtliat tiie plon^ irorUngon either ude of them 
bu not to ma more than 400 yirdi at • rtretch. Tbc 
uipplj ot water ia veij well arranged. A brooV which 
u ever mniuDg inppliea the •oathem portioD of the form, 
mi wells have bixn soak for the lupply of the northern ; 
lomeof them bein^ merely rtwrvoirsto hold the diainagc 
"iter oF eerlain areaa, wtuch ia carried ioto them. These 
Luttr or. about IT Teet deep, hold about 12,000 gallooa 
al Hitei, and coat £7 each ; last year they fed the en^^ne 
till the middle ot May, One, fed hj a ipring. and worked 
nar the lower kigh road, to the north, never fnili. The 
whale of the land hai been, or is now about ia be, 
tboronghl; diaiaed. 9ome o! it bad been drained bj the 
former tenant, ahont 22 incbca deep, Ifl feet apsrt, with 
Kood, with the miatakcn idea of carrying off the snrface 
mler ; a Held or two, jmt sriiiiired, aiid so treated, lies 
in very ntmiw itetehea, with furrows 10 inches apart. 
The main water-wajs have been widened, deepened, and 
improiedi ■braight-waj's have been eubitituted (or cir- 
etutdoi onea, and thoaa which could he covered up have 

N'dw, it ia quite eertain that whalerer might be the 
npltal of a former, he would not inveat in anch worka as 
Ihoc upon the property ot another, unless he received 
Hcurity at a very eucplional natm^. If he neither ooald, 
DOT h; the natnre of the law wouldbejustiSed in doing ao, 
it ii clear that the queation is a landlord's qucstioo. Were 
>n eitatei of the same dimeniion as tliia form, the process 
"uuld uerer be undertaken j but in dealing with thoa- 
uaia, in place of hundreds ot acres, the difSeultica grow- 
in; out of interlinking boundary linea are very much re- 
dooed. Within the landower's own domain fliers would 
be little diScnlty in itrildng the straight line with even- 
handed jnitice, as rcgaida the intenats of the various 
tcnauto. The recti£catian of the dtemal boundary lino 
VQuld bt another nutter ; sometimes possible and easy, 
■vmeiimea etpenaive or impoiaihle. The^^moval of hedge- 
mwi, md hedgerow timber, for the purpose of throning 
land into laige Uoeks, ia a oonsequaaoe at adopting steam 
nJtsra, for which many men are unprepared. Thsjt talk 
*boqt tiu toknstton of ttu ^ctnraqiu, and with more 



pose the eountry to the damaging cffi»ta of wind, whiob 
IS now checked and mitigated in ita career. IlierB ia 
something in this objecUan; hut by the formation of 
sheltering plantations in certain urta of the cMata 
where they may best act at protection igBinit the molt 
prtvalentblasts.insteodof planting trees all round a field, 
to sap ita nourishnicut aud shade its prodaee, a course 
would be adopted more in accordance with the tea«hinga 
of modem science. 

For the sake at showing the benefits of the change, aa 
yet only partially carried out, I propose to mention cer- 
tain actual results reoped by Mr. Front. 

The soil is a plaatic clay, overlying a churliih yellow 
clay, intcrminglod with clulk atonea. The top soil is pli- 
able, and hxika easy to work ; but the sticlcy nature of the 
snbioil rendera it necessary to employ more power than 
would be eipected only to turn a furrow Ave inches deep. 
When the eatate was in two farms, the nnmber ot horses kept 
was twenty-one. Eigbtarenowkepti but before the squaring 
ot the ferm in the manner thnt I have described took place, 
a greater number was retained, ainec many namw slips 
running into other properties obliged tho owner to have 
recourse to horse-power, and to keep more cattle than he does 
now that he baa perfected his boundary line. Hie form 
was pnrchased ia Michaelmas, ISBl. It was in a fcsHiil 
Btate — flooded with water, mattedwitheonch,andsofor"ntn 
out" aa to have produced only twelve bushels of wheat per 
acre as a parting memento lo the outgoing tenant. The 
work of iroptovement commenced at ooce, and the spade 
and pick soon made way for Fowler's steam ^ough, which 

Speared in October <a the aame year. There waa no 
ought of cropping for the next year. All eSbrt waa 
bent to rid the laud of the weeds that were sucking out ita 
vital energies. Tho hind, which never before had been 
turned up more than four inehea deep with three and tour 
horses, at the rat« of a mile or a mile-and-a-halt an hour 
— a glistening ftuTow-alica ant from the watery bed— waa 
ripped up, after the spring* had been tapped, to a depth 
ot nine inehea, and crMsad, recroaaed, grubbed, and 
uuuhedHUthewinter,apring, and inminer throng At 



ISO 



THE FARMBR'8 MAGAZINE. 



tiiB snd of 1863 the sppaimtni— •Mnrtima t^Dj^ng, 

■ometimes BubioiliDg, sometimM tcaiUjing — hid worked 
1,487 ■no, it ft CQ»t, cmleDliting S per Mat. on £1,MS, 
the onthiT Ua the appaiBtiu, 6 per cent, (or miintenuics, 
the abMimte cost of renin, ind the deprecUtion of the 
rope, which wh but hiu worn, vncTing from fla. to 10*. 
tn acre. A ci]cnlntion wu then made t« ihow that, ellow- 
ing eight honea onlf to hiTe been diapoaad o^ thoae eight 
miinlained it • coat of £373 to ploagh 3SB lem S inchei 
deep, wen aabatituted bf Powlec a tackle at a coat of £4ISS 
ITa. 8d. to plough 6IS acrea.Q, 10, and 12 inchei deep, 
•nd to Kaii^ beaidei aome 608 icree. 

It ii now ibont a month linM I liat went orer the 
turn, Mooh progreu hid been nude in the inteml. 
The crop had bcNi good, a* I aaw bf the atDbble ; and 
the working, which I thonght lut rear wia exeeuire, hid 
rmdered tlie land tct? dean, and itood, in not a few 
plaeei, intUad of a coat of mannre. A piece of land 
thna treated, and thorooghlj oat of heart, without ma- 
nure, bora what wu catimated to be G qn. per acre at 
l«at, the former crop having onl; been H qn. Another 
piece of SG acres, Bimilarljr worked, wai sown with beani, 
and manured with 3 mrt. of guano onl; ; the crop waj 
good, and the wheat which faliowed, without manim, 
wai eitimated by neighbouring Isrmen, who uid that the 
experimeater might only eipect to lee his leed again, at 
timj i qra. per acre. It ii thus the riches, tbe Intent 
riche* of (be toil, eo well ponrtrayed, at a late meeting of 
Britilh agriculturiat) for the promotion of ateam cultira- 
tion, bf Dr. Voolcker, are rendered available. The plan 
adopted b; Mr. Front is, to aecore the letd-furrow being 
made before the fall of the jtmi far rooti and gnin, and 
then nothing rcmuns to be done in the ipring but to 
harrow and drill. If tbii furrow muit be turned after 
the winter, the land ii lirery, and mikei but a lorry aeed- 
beil, be the harrow-tooth aa buay aa it maf . 

I juat got in time 
piece <rf work. "BiB land, whicl 
remarkablf fine crop of tamipa, wsa being cleared of it. 
Aa the roots were carried off, the plough followed, carry- 
ing two torrawi, and a tnbioiler between them. The 
plough tnmed a furrow 7 inchsi deep, the inbioiler 
■tirred below this to a depth of T inchei, so that the whole 
was broken up to a depth of 1 4 inches, and the lorface 
toil was kept on the top. This leed-fnrrow was for bar- 
ley. The operation performed with a 14-horac power 
engine, with 801b*. steam-preainre, coat £1 per acre, and 
is inrelj well worth it. Where will the watei stand this 
winter on that land? 

I came to one bit of SO acres, which had home barley. 
Two acres of it had been tilled by horse-power, the rest 
by steam, ill had been treated alike, yet at harrest com- 
petent authorities slated that the latter was a better crop 
by four sacks on acre than the fonner. The thrashing- 
machine muat prove this point. 

I fonnd all the wheat atnbbles turned np (130 icrei), 
etc^t what is intended far dead fallow this year, and it 
is thought wise, for cleansing purposes for a year or two, 
to retain the dead-bdlow system. Those stabbles in- 
tended tor roots hare been snbsoiled twelve inches deep. 
The wheat plant, nil on the Oct, looking splendid, growing 
on land whu^ mostly has been labsoiled to a depth of 14 

The engine hai been kept conatmtly- it woik, weather 
permitting, eveiy day at the year, in tillage operations, 
and not ^ut thrashing at all. Had the weather been 
better more would have been done, and, as it is, a g^nes 
at the following table will show that that worthy steam 
arm hu eqjoyed no linecnre. 



Soto. 


For 
whit 

crop. 


Natue of moA. 


Amt. 


X 


Aprils 


Wheat .. 

Roots 

Ditto 

Wheat .. 

Roots 

Ktto 

Ditto...!!! 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Mtto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Whe«t,&c. 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Wheat ... 

Roots 

Wheat ... 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Bariey ... 
Boots 




SO 
27 

sa 
es 

9 
23 
12 
25 
2E 
25 

8 
18 

e 

9 
20 
84 
14 

8 
8fi 
56 
84 
80 
34 
24 
48 
24 
S6 
84 
16 
80 
15 
15 
21 
22 
34 
12 
26 
27 


14 






May 1 


s^^s 


U 

7 






a 




S^jri^ing 


12 
10 






10 


.. 


Si?g"-r:"' 


10 
10 






10 




£S^..:::::::::::: 




neSO 


SSf 


11 

10 
















Cnltin^ . . . 


10 








JnlylO 












wtST!*.. !:::!!!!!!!! 










" 




8 


.. 


Sarifcni 


10 

a 


Ang. 7 




8 


Mtto*..,!!!!!!::!!!!!!! 




Sept. 4 


mto 


s 
s 


;; 


^t--- 


9 
» 
14 


.. 


Ditto 


S 
6 






1 


Oct. IS 

„ 83 


SSI;:;::::;:;:::;: 


* 



From Ihia table we gather that about 900 acres ban 
been worked between April and the 23rd of October ; snd 
should anyone interested in theae Sgurei wiab to b»w 
the number of days' work here represented, it may be aA 
for ae to add that 31 acres of siibsoilii^ ia a good dt;'i 
work ; of ploughing, 7 to 8 acres ; of cnltivBtiau, in whirb 
process the pbugh bodies are armed with sboit bressli, 9 
to 10 acres; and of scarifying, 14 ocies. Moviop sre 
here included ^ bnt movings on a form lo laid out form bat 
a nominal clement in the colcnlstion. The ridging hen 
performed is done by the removal of the first and IhirJ 
breast!.. The work has been done fin Ss. to 8s. in xR, 
taking into accaunt all the items of elpense which ata 
into sjch a ealculatioD. The cost of rape and repiin 
is as follows. After the wotk of 1862 the itiel-inre 
rope was supposed to be hilf wom ont, and a sum mi- 
sistent with such a state of things was placed agiiut tke 
titlage. In September last it was (bund neccssaiy ta 
obtain 450 yards of new rope, the old one being eqmi tn 
perhaps abont 600 acres of light icanfying. 'nitswoiiU 
represent a wear of rope eipressed by £20 (the new rape 
having sustained no perceptible wear). The cost of OTer- 
hioling the engine, and supplying wearing parts to ia- 
plementa, Ac., i» set down at fiS2 16t. 

It could be wished that the com were all thrashed ud 
sold. Nothing can be more certain, however, than that tie 
fcitilityaf ihg land ha* been nachinnMicd; ihil tbi 



_-,,ib,Goo'^K 



THB PARMER'S MAGAZINE. 131 

(wp» lure beoi cdIu^ b«;foDd tlie eip«ct»tioiu of 1 Mscument, will prore the Eommerciil eatimite tint u put 
a^boor^ who have been sceptically watching the upon the proceas which liBi heen lo obly BondneUd bj 
opviiunt; and that the bzm, when ueit valaed Tor | Mr, Proat. 



AGRICULTURAL LOCOMOTIVE ENGINES ON THE HIGHWAY. 
MEKTINQ AT FAVBRSH&H, DccilfBiR 28, 1303. 



Aipnd mtttiai ol the njmideBl of UwFaKt^aB 
3i{bH} Bauil wH held, foi the piupou tt eoBUdcriag 
■ nulatia, s[ vhick notice had ben gina at the pra- 
»Hi anting, to the (9«t that in the epiana o( lb« Boml 
iu IM of JocDmotiTa on the paUie highaaja ia dantooni 
ad ^BeuinucDt to the pnblic, mil thenfcn that an appli- 
aUD be Bade to tka Hooe Saaetaij, uder the poveii 
C lilt Slih aad Uth nt Victoria, cap. TO. la prohibit the 
M at all Uad* at loooBotini oa any highaaf whatiTei 
nlUa Ika diitriet. 

TkiRn.Q. B. HoDBjt, ChainnaD, read the reralntion. 

iWCliik: Ib aceorduuwitb tba inatnwtioiu of the 
BwJ, I feiKirdcd ■ cofj et tlut naolalien to taab of the 
*-~!n of tnction eoi^Dei in inia nei|hbonrbcod, aeitfal of 



■.Ibi 



I a 



dftta RuitoB, who hid lappliad me with the aeoKa of all 
Ita pauw iiiog IractioB (Bgieei in thii diatiiet 

Mi. CisTU : At the latt mulioji I ^n setiea of mj 
aUeligi to bring hawiil the lenlotun] jut itad, aa I haia 
I'll, Inn pensnal aipcrienec, that with the picaeal itate at 
■u luda ihejr aie not in ■ miidiiiDB to nniie theae enginn. 
Oji toadi, it ia well knaen, an too nurow to allow euriaget 
lo pt« IhcH angine* with laietiT' At a wayauden, hBTing ■ 
KiiiitUiboerd,! am bound to ice that (be pabtic are not 
imiTfaueid.whiehlffliiataiDiiiheeaieat prtunt bj the 
H ti Ibtit (BgiBei, B oni nadi are iltogethir too naiiow lo 
i|)n tbem to paaa ordinary nehidei with ub[f . Mj lewln- 
lin, tbrrelm, if eanied. will lamoia the rtaponubilitj of 
licli uii ina em ahauldan. I coBiidei that Ibata ii no 
■KHulr (h Be to any loof^t take np the time of the metl- 
u(, udlbiaAuB I wiUiimplTpiopoietheniolatioaol vhieh 
I itn liin notife. 

Hi. Elbt iBfEgnlcd that it would ba doinUa to otlt oa the 
nam tf the •nginea— but of whom wen piuani— to 
utt luj RBuha iber picaKd btfoia the Boaid diuuaawl the 
■uur. 

Tm CHuaiuK : Wa cau't all on tbes niitil )oa ititi 
*'<tTMpiopoH todo; I wguM therefonaucgeat that the 
rkUiIib ibauld bo duly Boied and tnODdad, aftei whiih 
Lbconcnif the cseinn could sake ui npUnitinoi Iher 
IkMttit popec. , r^ 1 

Ki.TwDfiHf : Tea, that aaaiaa to be the beat ooaraa. 

w.UuiiH (whowaa aleiaat isaBdibla), laid he ihonld 
■ned Ur. Ceitai*i niolntion, knowing that tha aaa of tbe 



Hf. JtBiB liUB : At OBI of the fint and aldeat of tbe 
■j^l^lleriiu who hare aaed ataaia Ib thia part of the eonaty, 
" unlm OB mo to lay I {>w worda ag^it tbe ntolntioa 
>>*pnipsKd. I altogatbs dlipnla the eonduaiDni arrived 
UarajwctefthaBMeiiityaUling for the adaption of the 
><un piapoaed. I lak, nu they ptora one liBgle aeeideat 
U bin oecnnad froa thaae eaginaa dnring tha An yean thry 
^nbrnoBid hen on ihe roadir If they eaat do that, 
nj Uia wMa thing filli to the gnand. 

Hr.Caana: Yei I can. Then ia a cue of my own, 
nn 0.1 of By bonai a>id a carl leaped OTer a bedga do tbe 
f^'tf of OM of tbeaa eiiginea. 

Ui. Uu : I anbait that althongh that wai ao accideat, 
TXiteniBBOKapcet aaerisBaone. a tbe aama principle 
]N mgki fgi dova fulwayi, if you smld, beanH then hne 
»> &i grtam umbara killed od railwayi while OOeaing tbe 
"Bi ud w DtbtT eceaBOBa, bat yat no attaiaat hat bam 
wt U p« cailw^a dowD. I nut aay 1 waa Utecally aar 
^["•udartgaiibadwhemlieadtbBlaiiiaotthe neidatioo 
l^vMteba pnpoaad, and pot dd By nestwlei toaacet- 
■VvbatWIvaama^eNnetty. iMy I <*« teaOy «!■ 



prlied that in ihii tha ISth etntoiy aij atUmpt abooU be 
made la put down i team engiafaand ataam tnltintioD, and to 
pot en and to Iha aia of theie engiaei; for, bear thii 1b Blid, 
it your rHOlution ii paaied, it will hire tha elect of entlraly 
pnttiagdovn tUamcaltiTalioninthiipartofEogbuid. Depend 
upon it tbe danger from tbeaa anginaa OB the roeda ii nota 
■pparent than leiL The itne yoa an called an to deeida It 
BODB othii than thii— Shall enltiTBttoa by Beasaof Ocbb 
ceateotaoir Tha aginea only paaa along orct tbe loada at 
the rate of two nilaa par hoar, and wbit danger era then be 
ia thitF Ifitii lo be iaaiatadDB that thcMengiBeaihtll only 
tranl by night, then, I saiotaio, tbe danger ii niioh gcealei 
at Bight Ihaa by day. If thoaa geBtlenn who appear to be 
ao patiiotie had dabbed together and boncht a ateaat Uauliwi 
engine for the fanBera, tiMy woaU haia dene a nat deal 
Biore good than tbty are now doing in trying to pnt dcvB Iha 






Dt lea what it thoni^t of theai CBginaa, aad what ther an 
doing in other placea. I haTa ban a eapy of Tkt l^mti, 
whiefaalao eontuna thaaeeoant of tbe Bghtbatweaa Xing and 
Hieoin. Hawefir,lBB Dotgoingto reed that, hutaBBelhiBg 
ender the head of " Naiil and Hilituy Intelligeoea" (Pan- 
griph read). Now, geatlrnen, it ha* been aaid that thaae 
engiaH iajun the roidi. aad lom tbey miy do ao wbace 
lh(y ire coutaatly goiig bechwud ind lorward oni tha 
tioa road -, bat wtKn Iber go orti niada only about eDce in 
lix weeka, no injury can ariae but what there ii ample lima l« 

Mr Cabikb : I luppcB to know a oeighbonibood what* 

1. . _ !_.._ . -y candidly that I ha^ " - 

e roada, but what I 

, lod if jonniB tractioBeiiginea 
I to hire your roidi widened. 

w tbcie tiaetion eaginaa to uia 

kaok yauon beliiirDf thaownen 
of agricultural loeoniotirei working in thii diitriet for theeiiB- 
tldtnliDD ymi hire ihown ni in rcqneatiBg ocr attendauca 
hen to-day; and we appiedalathUi the man when weMmpare 
it with the courte tiktu by lb« inthaiitin in tbe Afford di» 
tric^who,witllODl toy BDtiM, applied lo SirQeoi^Gny 10 
prohibit Ibeie cnginei from workiog oa any of their roada 
eicept between the houri of 10 end 7 at liEht. I nndentuid 
that rrqavt hai been granted, ilthanrh a lacomatiTe agiia 
had not been aaen in tha town of Aahford for three yeaia. An 
entin atop baa tbae been pnt, not only to ^licnltorBl loeDB«> 
tat engioea, bnt alao to pumghiag by ataam power in that dia- 

triet, at it ia iapoaubl* " "- ' ' ^-' 

for thia operation by hi 

haa baaa completed, at uy, 10 o^doch In tbe aoraing j 
nun mntt reniin idle themt of the day, ai, aboalditlieydare 
only lo eroai the road oa thiir way to another llrid before 
tea o'clock at night, Iba owner of tbe angina la 
liable ta be lumiDoned before the mafiiatntei and 
fined It a ponnda for the DfTence. If then be 
dangtr in niing theaa cnginea, daylight mnit leaien and 
diikncB add to il. Ai to tha roadi being too narrow, tha 
anginaa an nat ao wide aa the thtaahiog laaehine* tbey dng 
behind thea, whidi muat atill tratd tlie roadi If dnwa by 
borate. I bb of opiuoa that, ahonld tin preatnt low piiele 
of eon GovtiniB, • large por^ of the poorer day landtaintt 
gaoBtcf enllifatian,BulMa tbebeaey etpanaaaara tedeeed. I 
KnawwbalaBliVwt'Bt HNibanM toot HUtmmftam, 



■ iapoaubla to reaore the large «Dg>Det reqotrel 



izcdb, Google 



THE FABMER'S MAGAZINE. 



Mi ftt diito i i iwwiai iUUtUr ■yriwiai ia ptUag tott 
MOulfc Ae Mwt cnetlx wty of ndnci*! tbii* cxpcuM 
•ul <LlBcnltiM i> tka tabititntMn at iImm fur bont pitaal : 
■nd tbitttububccBHCOBplnhedH tuwd* thnthla; ud 
nltintHS k aoirgaiMnllj idmittcd, ■utiHtitfu ba OMd 
eooDowciJlj on Iha road 1 paTpoaa loihoir bf t aimpAriiOD 
ofthaeoit af naoniig IStoni at tulniil > dirtiana of un 
Milct, tba w*txMU tttuDiBg CBptr— bj 

SniM i>. HouB-Kiiri*, ox tbb Bo&d. 

Afua. 



£SCB 
.. 580 



VoHsiNo Exnitna rs* Dit. 



8 

a 

s 

a D 

□ s e 



OMltkoinr 

WmmxMmi fgi su dtj, aMlaitod it SO per 

aot. pa unuB far 2S0 wmking dayi, as £C9E B 
iDlnart ea cental fot ana diy, at 5 par aaot. pu 

nuB, At SHI wockiof dip 3 



Bem-pmier. 
ana of honaa, iDclodiag aUb1inf< 
n o(al(ht man, at per daj 



Eaap of Khd b 

Wigjon araua 

Wtai-ind-UBf [or ona nij, tiumina ii lu per 

ceat par UDan, for 2S0 «rnkiB( dtji, oe £480 6 6 
latccaat oa capital for ona daj, at E par etat, pal 

Koaam, IM ISO woliwgi»jM S B 

£S D S 

Siffenaoe is tttoaz of ataaaii pai dij. £1 Si. Bd. 
Total UTin; per unaB of 2S0 diya, £BSS. 

am qnUa iwan that a Ataaif or^odlaa axiiti afiinit itwm 
D tM Toadi. Thii baa munlr uiun fram do* allowaaea 
ot taaTiBg ban made tor tba d'Stnnca ia tba affect prodaod 



on tha bona and driiar br tba puriai 
nniuni at foitj milei pa bout, piiallel i 
H ia tba lua for loof diibueaa batwa 



1 UtlingbODr 



Faronham, and ij paating ao igricultanl loeamotiTa tra- 
rallioi at from tvo to tbiaa Biiai pn hoar, and whioh can 
ba ftoppad ia a minnta b; holding op tba bud, ibould cilbii 
tka dnrar w inj of hia plBHD|«ra. or tba horae, >bow them- 
•abai ia tka laaat d^wa aatrooi ot alannad. Tba owncn of 
aaimrtaaaofthawaBgiaaaatoiaaBanilanfahata ti>-dij;aBj 
Jfa^nmatte otn bi uda which woold taod to aUij anj 
fading Whwi mif adit afunat (bam, I knoa tbit it wDold 
k( chaairfaUy (Bniad oat ; aad iboold aoj eiaa oenu wban 
tha na« woikiBg with thai* aoglnaa ncflact t« do all in Ihrlr 
' [, aitbar ^ atoppnc tba so- 

1, wa »baU iM muck 

ra nD tab* atepa to 



m biaa Worki^ ii 



ifnlly in thii conntj 



i ancinat 



n*)r aia i^dlr aapRaadbK tba pntaUa cniina i and the 
ihrnn who ban aoplo]«d tha fwnwr will neiar, nnleu co 
p<il«d.ratuBtotbaIttt«r. Tba Sociitj of Arti, ia tbeir I 
Ofpiamianafoitbataauoaof 1W3 and ISM. offer ■'■ pr 
far tlia prodnatiM a( an aDeiant agrimltual ataua eogii 
a^atila of oa« M (be (ara and of being mida arailable I 
aarrying bnn pndooa aad maanra to oi from railway 
tioH.'' na jadgaa of aaglDaa, ia thrit inoct of 

~ " ■ ■ ncoltmal Sadaty,' .. 

« *frionItniil piipgaaa 



- - -_ ,. — , _ J^t inoct of tba 
of tb« R^rel Acricoltnnl Sadaty, "ob- 
■d si ^--.^ -. -- 



btthuiiitt (a itka ib bapartaat jM'm ; aadii 
■d (hat Aa daai ba taeac"i^ V, t^ Saciat}. kj 
tba afffring o( a nia aC monay for eoapatltion iliha it tla 
next ibow or at aome conTanlant pnHoni dat&" Om hiu. 
drad ot thaM engiaca hiTa now baan manitactond bj ■]> 
flim. Tbej an at woi^ ia India, Autnlia, tke Wot India, 
lod in DHit of tba priacipa] ooaatiiei in Barapa. Tbef bnt 
baiB awirdad tba pilia mdal ot tba Qreat EahiUtiaa, at 
fonr lnt«laaa foreiga ptiu nad^ during tba IM taibl 
moatbi. FMm tba lotagoing Matamaati It will, I tluak, he 
elaaily pareritad Hut tba want of an mgina of tUa dneriptiDi 



with ma in uying that it woold ba sowiaa and impiililu ii 
the eitmna to onnh an inrantioo wbieb tnda bii to pran m 
banelciil to ibe igrienltiutl inteiait, oi to plaea any knptfi- 
ment in tba wiy of ita geaenl adopUaa. 

til. R liAEi, aflar rtqnaaling Iba Dcpaty Cbainnn (Hr. 
Cittar) to md tba raaolation,uidi I im perhctly it ■ kM 
to underetud what can be yaor object b propoaiag oeb i 
rcaolation, and I regret eaeaannlj that a paraon ia fair 
poiition, and one ao deeply intereited in the pRMptnt; 
of Bgriealtare, can be nnder inch a daloaiaa with nfui tt 
tbii qnetlioD. It ii, I repeat, parbctly iHoaiihiog tkit joa, 
who arc >a intereited in icrienllnre, oould be fiMBd (o pit 
POK iDCh a reaolDtlon. Ton moet tzeoia me, bat I aiwt 
kelp repeating that it doea appeal to ma ta ba aoaiihiig 
utooadiog Ibat i perun witb ymr ntoal eommon bm 
ihould ba (oand propotiag inch a raeolntlon. 

TbaCRAiaMAic.EieaaaiM, bat IlblDhyoiiarewuda' 
ing fron the nialatlon and tka ^naition beton aa. 

Hr.LitKiteoBiiniiini]: I ««rUln1y tkoogbt from the en- 
Ttnatioa I had with nm at Centarbnq', that yooi Tiewi wa 
totally oppoaed toth'ie rceolnUoD. If IhiinaohitioB ikoald 
be illovad to paei, and I doa*l ha ona moment baliaM it mil 
pua. it will ba the meana of blicttag tba greatait pimak 
mladuaf to thii naigbbonrbood. Tbne loeomotini can't, I 
contflnd, ba inythlng ilka ao dingeroai ai the tnini oa (be 
milwiy, for then the dinger ii aonwthinjr iwfiL tt ii to Me 
aitonndlDg that inch a molntiDB iboold be atrecd Is, ai 1 
cannot bring ayialf to belian that it wiU. 

Hr. Carth : I miinteln tbit I am aa mncb Intereelaa k 
tbit a) Ur. Like. When [ wai Mat hen a waywarden 1 •h 
ID taut to laptetent thoae who lent me, Sareral geatlenNn 
nuunliin tkat tbaia enginel era dangerau, and Uerehra I 
felt it to ba nj daty to bring tUi anijaet fbrward. I at* 
candidly tbit I bb not aT«na to tka auinai bdng toed m 
oar toidi, proilded Iba nade an initaUl fOr Ikem. Bit 
what I iiy li, that Ibay era not lit. Theielbfe, U ysa decM 
on allowing tbaae anglnee lo be iied, mekc np yon mindi la 
''--a new made. Yoo moat not mieintafpret my faeliagi, ba- 
le I do not object to tbdr ue, hot only tbit tba ro^ an 
at preaent in i condition to illow of tb^ bdog ned. 1 
•iDt here to da my dnty ai wiywaidag, aad I aboU een- 

it. R. Laii 

buiy bae, but ipar ot . _. 

are lo deeply InteRited in llrlcaltnra, why not hara tba roadi 
widened t 

Mr. Palkik : I tkm b the lele of Sk^py. If wa an 

it to be permitted to nee theee eaginae nntil the read) 
an •ideced, »> Hr. Cartar proBaaea, I mr I aball not Un la 

ap any of the ndfutefia to ba dwitad fim thalr nie. 

Mr. Wtlbi add ha waa tha otner of aa ^rieiKanl 
item engine wotkiogin that ndghboarbood, aad on hit fail 
hiiiog It ba bad ordoa fbr ama dlye' wort, and now ba M 
ao miioh work that then wen only three dayi thtt Ibe enpne 
wai not eBiigcd. Ai Iba owner of three gnginei h* sigU 
itate tbit they hid ttiTelled elnta hamit opwirda of 1,tM 
milae, and bad thraihed 20,000 qoiitan of com withont the 
scnnMoa of a aiagla aeddint. 

Mr. CoaLiNe Mid ha bad been tba owner ofa netioa 
igine fonr jnan, and had aerer had Ona aaeidcnt, aKhBOfh 
1 engine bad tnndlid wrnal tbonaind milei. 

Mr. Ptk wiibed to itita thit ana of Ui wginea waa 1 
plODghing eotlni weighing II toil, and therefore too heaty 
■- be dragged by ' " ' — ■" ■■- ■■■' — ' — ""■ — 

iident, bnt tbi.. .. _ 
bynigbt. Ulkey wi 
they wonld not dr " 
plowhins WM uo< 

lb. Joaua El 



■a entirely to be attribntad to tranUinc 
la atop to iteam plaaghiig 
ing tba reaahtieB, Car ileem 



.cdbyGoo^le 



THE FARMER'S UAGAZINE. 



133 



ntdf to aadn thna, tktj would hin to w*it muif jnxi 
Mat tki roadi En Bhtpp/ wm at Tli*re vit no rirmcc 
InlaoaldidBtttlwtiiptriarilj adCeHicnItintiaii, indntli 
tlw dnadflal eompetitioa lh<r hid to b<u up iniDit thit 
mlkar oalrnuurcc. Hi btitK*d Huf «ODliriiat iaSist 
Ut uai tfamiBili m bul bwa done in the Aihtofd dii- 
bit), bit iii« tnrj tuiUtf to tha nu of th« tnetlon apau. 
Ht. MuTBO Uld, «Ub bin ;ihf qantion wu — An Ina- 
tin ngion > food or erilt H* eontiadsd thn wna ■ nit 
pni, ud tbovbn thtj ongbt to ba moooiigsd. Hii upa- 
liBM M Ua to tbt wdMia« thit Uw cIomi botMi von 



b* u* of th«i BDcinn. 

At tht nqoMt of thi Churiun tiig 
onM thH whbdnw. 

Mr, Blit lud ba thooirhl thit m tha rabltct bad bean ao 

(taimigHj-' ■■■- --• ■■' 



iki abela wocM, (her Mf bt to . 

Ntvd ibi iriaiMa d( Mmnltoia. loatasd, tbanbn, ot loot- 
Bf «■ vitb ^alkj, let Ibam da eT«r}tbiag to aid it, ud not 
pit tba dng oa piegiaii. Ha would tEenlbn pnipoaa tha 
Mlaiiag naelMioB a an tMBdmaat 1— WbaiaM a conplaint 



it dun bu 
u bifh Toadi 
id being taOj 



bai bun aada to tba baatd of injvirdaDi that di 
aiins to pcnom aith buMi and carrUfn oi " 
(ron ilaiin tiaetion cngbiei titnlliDg tbirson, „ _ . 

eonnnced, ii tirmen, tbit it ii of tlie imteit Impoilaiice to 
[in OTRj aDcourageiuDC to tha adoption of itaim u a nlu- 
ibla BiotiTa poaar tor afrlnltunl porpom, ttialiod, that 
thji board coaiidm it vonld ba Boat anaiia Ut lalia uj 
obitulai to tba naa o[ trictloa aaginai In tba FinnhiB 
hiihi»r diitfie^ bat tbit It ii aipcdwat tbal bfomation ba 
giiaa to all ovnan of inch nflnia that arcir preeaatioa ha 
taken b^ tha driven and otbar ptnoni to pnTint leeidniti to 

Cueogin, bona, ud CMXtngtt, ii ihli baud will daea it to 
111 dn^ nndei the aalhorilr nated bj tha ath and Btb 
Will. IV,, cap. EQ, rlsDionilj to nirona the hit pnaltlai 1b 
ain of willul □■fligcnM or eueleiiaaai on tha part ot tba 
driven and otban hniait tba abarn of nch anginal. 
111. Coil Mcoodad tha uwndmut. 
BIi. CaaiiK Bond tbal tba paaiage of tha tiaetion sigiDea 
ibonld ba latiictad (o batmen 10 at iii<bt and 7 in tba 

Na one, hoverar, eeeondad tba eosnter anaudBiant. 

Hr. Palhbb wai loelined la bots tbtt Ihcy onght (o 
innit on tba tiaction asgioa bamg alwiji norad b; daj, and 
cat bj nifbt. 

The molntion ptopoaad by Mr. Ettf wai thai pnt, and oa 
a divirion ootj two baoda ware held np for thi piohibihawi 
and Bon than Itsj afaioat it, Lrad Bknia, who ii a la^ 
KaitiUi laodboldar, *oHu vitb tba latter. 

Load ahoMiBi Sdlewed tbii iwirian. 



SMALL FARMERS 



TO TBI mnOR OF THI OUS MUtlu' 

Sia,— I lae that CoL Koox Oore'a eatiniate of what tan 
•aeaof Bodante landmar be made bf good cultiration to 
frodncft hai eieitad a good deal of controTarsr both hare 
udio England. I do noi pralend to be competent to ad' 
Tucauj correct Kaneraltbeorr on tba iDbject, bnt I hare 
lk«i|bt that uma lev facta celBtiia to 107 own immediale 
uvKbonrbood nu7 tend to illnstnte the nutter. 

riira in a diitnet where inull farmin, mixed vitb lalM 
°w» i abonnd nnddoaiiah. The; bare anff^ted &om tha 
nm lait diaaitmna 7ean ; ^bnt not, I think, more ptopor- 
i;a...u- ^j,^ yi, Iain tannan. Soma of each have Man 
nun; iha nest: 
nltiei and Uded t 



aiitj have itrufitlad with their dilll- 



bn as flax ealtiration of anj inportanu ; tha northern 
attain of licantMbt doii not preTail, and lesMa are not 
aauaoD. Ob the other hand, the nnti are iddDm cliaiuad s 
■ud I do not hw complnDti ot the eandoct ot tba find- 
Isrd^ ud oar lead wldom raqoiraa disininf . Uldor tbeaa 



t iiaa might a^ird niefbl 
nliinaition. na butdlorda in aaeh caia do not raaida ia 
tlu diitrict ; the hotden era not pecniiarlr wall dmii. 
■tuccd, but no ordinaij inilancea of hnneit indnttiioua 



"£S0i.9d. The ftmilr 
(lid ibonl twisty), and two dauahten. Ther aoB^d 
much ifter 184S, the Ikthat (nnca ^ad ) beinc djicste, and 
wchiUraiToniw, ud onable to earn. The aoni now 
>»t ■ good dial ^r hire, baiidai cnltiTiting thair own farm, 
W the daagbtan alas, The men between them piabablj 
<anUiuabont&omjei5ta£20a-7aat, at la, a^daj 1 the 
i>iUibenl£7to£1D. Their crap tbii year conuitad at 
' wist barlay, tmni which thav mid IG brli., at Ui. td. 
Pvm-; Brood•oa^nDt^taoU,prababIy 10brli..at 9a. 
l*'M.i3niodapolatDai,IeHimaM at 30 bill, of good 
MM; 1 rooda tomipa, 12 tana. Their itoek at tbia 

■™"— ^•--' T,T«lne£12| ' 



r 2 6 

9 12 6 

no 

1 S 
D 12 
D 3 



Plonibiag .. ■• 

Soed^Bilay 

Seed oati .. 

Tsrolpieed 

Bought 1 rood of tnniipi ■. 
Oiaung for n cow in imnnu 
UraMftirhiy ,. „ 

6 Btoie pigi bought • • 



Total .. .. £*0 13 

IS bamla bariay Mid .. .. £1113 

10 barrala oata .. .. .. 4 10 

1 Heilutoull 7 

4Fatpiga 16 

Fowl aohl 1 10 

Total .. £10 13 

The bim anppUea them free irith patatMi, rallk, hatter, 

I may add m axplinatkin that Ihaj biro the grmii of B 
border of lonla waitfl lud along a plantacion. and aara it 
foe bay ; tbat they boaght the two nigi they have aov &t 
fbr30L,sndaaKMnaithaTan Hid will boytvoathanto 
fatten Mon Mar. They hope to realiaa mon for tha haifot 
and figfi but I taaTepnl tbeir lovmt valni^ Of conraiv I 
da not intend £20 to be undentaod ai what Duy be car- 
roctly called net ptolt, bnt aimplj la tha retom to them for 



theu 






Bholdil0aera^ataientof£21a.paracTa; total, £23. 
ThaOidnaneiTalnationof thelandii £16 (and the bonait 
to whioh the tenant bnilt an addition, for which tha land- 
lord gave timber and ilatea, ii Talaed at £1 lOi. Total 

ilDatioD (d( taxation. £17 10a. The bmilj r --^ -' " 



Januljeoniu 
I, aDdtwadi 

V Google 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



tlkUTUT wit i ten* buUj, Uid down villi clorer. Eism 
wklch ba Mid 16 bil*. par ton, at 15*. pet bwralj 3 acrai 
'-'■, 14 bri*. an acra, vorth aboat 10*. pat btl. ; 1 aora 3 



„ —Total, 10 term. HimlocV nair . 

n\at£l2i 1 heifer, in calf, £9 ; 2 horm, a broed mue, 
and foal, worth £15, and a jooag ooe vortli £9— £24 ; 1 
bn>adsow,£S; 6 jonDg pifi, worlh 30i. each, £9,— Total, 
£57. Hatliii;aubDpgHl£4woilh(il hif. Ha caaoot 
keep joimg cattle. M fail laud ii diffienlt to keep fenced ; bat 
keeps a i^k mare, anil breeds loili. irorka tbem a little 
et two jun old, and aalli them at three or four ^eara old. 
Thia year hii cov miiud calCi Hii balanei-shaet will be: 



Reel 

CoimtT«Handpoor-nle.. 
Haj bonghl 
Food for figi bought 
Paid labour ia hiTTMt 



Profit .. .. 61 6 3 

Totd .. „ £99 10 

Batl«T,60btl*.aoldaDd4kep(tDrieed £tS fl 

• Data, IS bcU. lold, 1 for boriei, dee. 9 

BDlda4-jeaT-aldhfliteiDMef, 11963 II 

8oldalitteiofpi|)i .. ., BOO 

Sold 3 ilipe of pigi ., .. I 10 

Willietl6piii,&ttMiiBS,atie4eaeh 21 



Total 



£95 10 



ThafiuminpplieipatiCoei, idiU, batter, fowl, andeni 
free. There an, of eonne, other inuU itemi to go to both 
■idee of the aocoont, bat it would be difflenlt to aacertsin 
theiB accnrateljr ; and m thejr wonid hare to ba aittineted, 
I prefer to Jut* jonr reailen (o do lo. and an]; to jive 
Uie main itanu, which I can giro with certainty. 

C boldi SO acrei et £2 per acre: tolal rent, £S3. 
Ordnance Tilnitiou ii £48. The fiinilj coniirta of 
the old man aad wife, hie muried aon, wife, and 
uaall children. He emplo^ri all the year loned one 
bound laboorar, who hai a eotla)ta and niden from 
him : one ItboDrer anA a boy, who IItb with hfm, aod eitn 
hands pUntlDg, digging pataloei, end harroatiag. Ha in- 
tend! to bar Bome more iloek next feir, ea ha hi* (oo many 
toinip*. Ilie boQnd labourer ii paid in potatoee, meil, 
hooie, dec. ; but, for eimplioity aike, I hare put him down 
*■ TMoiiing 1*. a-dir, for which enm wbtt ha receiveB ie 
ciloolated ax an equirilent. The other* reoelra Ihe wagti 
I bare put down, and their toai. Hie crop thJ* year was 4 



acre — worth lOi. per brl,; S aeraa of pobUM*, ibint 40 
hrla. per acre ; 3 acres of tarnipa, about 39 lout per utt ; 
1 acre of hooee, Rsrilcn, and wule^SO aon. Hli ilock 
DOW conaieU of S milch cows, ralae £1S and £13 euh- 
EiS; 2 baifen, one aod a-balf jeer old, now rMding m 
CnmipB,£l4; 2 oslreg, £S : T bttaning pigi, worthO IOl 
each— £29 lOs.i I brood eow, £1; 2 work bonei, £'^ 
Total : £m IO9. Bia balance-aheet will be— 

EifiHDiTuai. £ i. d. 

Bent ., „ „ .. ei 

Count/ eees and poor ra(a . . .. 6 

Hire (^ labonrers at la. per day . . 19 
Do. man in hooae, caah .. ,.900 

Do. boy do. .. .. 1 10 

Sarriee of ball and boar . . . . 19 

Sofd barley, dec. .. .. ..ADD 

To bnj 3 store h^ei* .. .. 14 



63 bri*. barley, sold at ISa... 
104 br)a oala, to sell 

Kept ISbrla. forhoraei, Sforesttl 
for seed ; '-i two yean old heifere 1 
from atraw, on let Utr. 1863 

2 ataU-fed*. will sell at £11 eaoh 

T pigB, wilt Hll at £9 etch . . 

Batter sold, SOth Nanmber 



4 10 



£160 10 D 
Hli free polatoes, milk, butter, lowl, and Tegetablei. 

Such ire the facts relatire to theia three farm*. I lei'' 
yoor t«adar* to draw their own conolodona, and mike tluu 
own ealaulitioni ai to aTerage* and general retolt*. Tin 
yield ot the cropi is that of iMi year — not of eieij jtit. 
C, who ia a Terj Intellie^nt man, tell* me that be Godi 
thil, on in aierage of the laat three yeen, lui com cropi bin 
been tour barrets par acre abort of Iheic nsoal field, uliicb, 
as he hai generally l;i icrea ot com, haie been su innul 
loss or S3 barrel* of ooru ; and the qaalily has alu bta 
inrorior. So, also, the prioa of Iheir cattle may raij (loa 
year to year. B. will not alwaya sell fai* fi>ar yein old 
horsafor'll. He will get sometimes more — eoDielim'i 
lei*. One of A.'i pigi will lometimee die. 

Let my facta ba lakanfor no more than they anwonb^ 
the actual bets of oaa ordinary year, 
Vonn, tc, 

Mtub 0*REnxt. 

Knotk Jittv, DaniaU, Da. 6, ISOS. 



TURNIP FARMING IN SOUTH BRITAIN. 



Booth Britain, a* bow iiaderttood,llei npoD thsDolitea(.d 
i^alk ftxoiatiaa), of which the paddled ihiha or earthy ae- 
HMWpenimenta ete uhitnted ia the lias, alancb, aad kimnei* 
idfe dij* that occapy the iillera of the fltat-neationad 
depOHl, beiai the " SUlate up" of the Wemeriaai, end sie 
EonBsed to the hollowBofthsiMhydepont. The diilk, being 
the apptragat ilratified scdiBuet in the atnctura of the 
ghiba, prcaeati a broad aorfaea of tbrDsliou, aod no nllayi 
to b* Ailed up ; the dapwit ii Tery lergelj corered irilh the 
marina tertiary diyi of the plutio lod London deilgoatioa, 
and eeea cnthetopolthehithuthiUi. All these elayi are 
ttost obdiute aad fiaoou in the laitara, and fena wheal 
landa of tha inoet daany tat adbaaiTa qnafity, raquiinc 
mvA pgw« of aaiwl* and iBpIeaaaUfhr thaenltintMni. 
Than tbao«HMandekalkra&*an piolradad lata darlight, 

"stoek,«(ltedi«el 



■UoslatlktoslswUIbapowK he eatoMal aad aeed b] 



nature, and vithoat aey foreigamiilan ; wbeia (bi tul^ 
the dayi abora meutiooM J^) the itcky icdiMent, s mam 
soil ii prodaoed, whidi pettekeaolth*e)eB*aUinirafitty'*j| 
in many iaitaaeee the qasHiy saodatoDS which ■•'"''" ""J 
lupporti (be ehtUc ia nphaaiad, aod miiei with the ami 
*adEhi1k,iudfann*u>cralmodiSaUOB*o( loiL ThiiHM 
(tone li bait known ai the iroa aod gnea saodi ot Snim 
Uid bsia by the great deandsli<m that had iwnl Iha clulj 
from Ihe Wealden Tilley bMwccn tk* Neith aad Soalh De^Mi 

Tha Uf hi soils oi Soulh Biilain en th— ' ' ■" "■ 

decoBpoaition and modiSed miitare o( i 

either diiaetly hom the rod^ or e note re 

iteposit. Id the foner ease, the quality iawnkasdiDeM 

henBt,asoTeTtheaH>toalilarod*;wheiathscI*y* sieq 

a modilltd miitDre Iha Tiscooi marina qaslity verr oAe* 1^ 

hcraa U a dagisa to raodei lb* soil uMdaUa, hank. *■ 

bacamliBi a doddj tr^ — ~- ' — ' "*"' 



db, Google 



THB PARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



na nOi of Sootlud an wkollr diAnrat, basg ulinlf 
ctmpai rf at fiuli-ntCT illariaBi, Uat u* wpcruipoMd oil 
thiBglioMfbicnck^siUiosluf iDUmnlioa of hoaldtrtd 
drift, nip, « dilDTtal bcdi. That emaUj don mot poiint 
uj ra^hiKbtriii tbe ksIioT atnlilistimi thuUwold lad 
BwtMCBr, which aceapin tha low Kiounda, briii| a tixkj 
- Uiag up" ol tkc boUnai fmmid bj the pnman daporiu. 
The nek liN BOitlj in k d«i>, cnoUanDu^ uuj ubrokcD 
UH, ud IIU7 ba KckDoed toiie both the old aad mv ltd 
■uditone, ai thna ii do iBtcriention of t«l udlime to 
Buk tba Kpantioa. Tha hot luidi in o far lh» dapoiit, 
wtich, bciD{ in la* {Tonndi, )H>ueuat [h< grtilaat qaaulitj 
DdUmiiL tilth, which «u iifcpl iolo thehDQosi. The ab- 
■tsca dT the oolita ud etiiJk dcpoiitiprohibiii anj miiiae 
nKOOi qulilf in tha loil, vhich ii vholLf eampoMd in a 
hairnUf tggrrtuioa ol nrlhi and landi, vith apsrtioa 
Dlliaw fioiD tie auifuaof the old nd tu litoni lufflciaot lo 
Ion a eateaiedoa (rib Whan the ■itnitiea ii loo hif h tai 
Ua pmanca ot lima, the loila an allntiil earthiof a (lutei 
■ leai depth, /onnipg landt in a graat Tariitj otqulltj and 

AD theie Mill ata b; oMnra DOit &TciDnblB to tbe groatta 
■Inot Dvpa; th* laHon ia frat and opaBroi tha andicatioD 
tl«ttdi,aiidth*puticlei an connected for IhaadaiauoQ and 
nteatioa el moiatiua aod ealoiie in tbe Daeanaij dwtee. 
Ttt diMala ii alao neat paddiuly faToanbta lot (teu ^ta 
~-niDa an Inqaeiit, and eopiooa ilaaa us not iauf iraDtia;, 
■kick Boariah ?a|*tation in a BOraaqnaUa aadcSaant BaoBti 
IkuhcBijfallaDfraiB. A aplaa •( maoagiag tnimp landi 
kH ^B ■«( ianaiiaafMlly adapted in daulag Iha laud of 
ncde, Bad pibatiiiac tb* taxton bf t^aaited eh)aghin|i, 
tamwiap, and ndlure, ^mini the land <nth dnlla to 
nziTe, aad aplittug tha lidflaU (a cam. the dang. Tha 
Imip Bead ia B«*n ia tha fraah-aticrad khL Tha toil and 
dMta coabiiM in pradadu a qaalitf of tanip that he 
ugtadi tbe not* in Soath OiMa, being baid, brittla, mi 
HiWniaed, vhila the latter an aott and bafoni. n* cropi 
<(lenipB,potato«a, ■BdnanarTeldgeean moat luiniiant 
-^ eetwo wintei cUbU* doc* not permit anr oee of the 
■itiB tana. Aa qnaHlj of all uumil Seih eiceedi that oC 
bflind ftoB the abora emaea, which ihow better bacl from 
Bttli U with the natira roou thio when fatlnied wilh tha 
tDaipaorBonthBriUtn. Thu ful ia well known. 

na litgag aratem ol niiiug tuioipi it ineceaafoUT 
•(gpted in the No«h of England, bnt moit tignillj fails in 
Bmh BiitHn oa the mirine lonnlioni (hat hate been men- 
hnel The (reqqeat cipoian ot the eoil bj the 
j_.t- — _i ^_u_ .,._ ._=^ driUine 



Bpaciallj Iha twice driUinc of it, 
udleaiea the •«] ina condition of 



>B) qaJckJ; ; and vithont Iheae two apnti no Tentebia lift 
■u n i«iacetad or promoted. On the Dodifled aoila ot a 
<l>fc; miilnre the Inquent woikinp of the aoil eoniert tha 
■^ alo imall clod*, which teiiat taj ueehiDical rednetion, 
■dm droDf bt between the intetatieee, bf which all molitora 
■nifontcd. If Una land be twice drilled, tha coraiiagoTei 
M ntf u wboll^ coopoacd ot dried clade, among whioh tbe 
tmip leBd nenr TigeUtee, or eo rccUy m to fail ia fulnre 
tiowth. Sewing tbe aeed in lowi on the flat gronndi bj 
■an Dfrnaehisen with lenglhaned coolteia, which mike mti 
<>>«(inlheaTtiCciiloiumraiiadaeedinmiiture.hi< been 
^ witb iDCECBi. It ii an improiciaeot on doable ndging, 
M iiaUe to tha objection at depMiling the eecd iraoog the 
OTfaRhid dirt that liei on the top of the ground, ttom 
irhd ill mautnn bii baan eiipontad b^ the workiogi ol 
w laad and eipoeart to tha atDDapheie. na intemli 

rioftnroipabeingoa thelcTcl with the tooti, 

' " ' r ienflling u in the 



*>■»• lOgrd , ___„. 

™" of Iha ridglata ; when 
""ration b laa ewilj partormao. 

The diaila of South Britain i« mneh leae hnmid than of 
™uul, tha raina an faw and diitant, and the dewi are none, 
j^artrjlugedagreaof he*tpT«nil),bat a dij ■riditj' at 
"■pnalai*, that ia fari pirdung, ud enporlliDg of moiet- 
^ na qaimilj of mdttnn ia deftdant, which being 
"wntlf aoppded to dij hodiet, pndneae the damp and 
Wr? a h a l a W on e that an Inown la oonatitnU ran chief 
»■ of hitib^. Tha rain et tbe nanei and apring we 
*»^m OA MtnR,Biddan i> tbe fall, and qoU in 
nia|«>aj;Aa earth m not pw mated with Mriatnte ta 



by alow (ailing raini and tauTj'dawe, which deeeand leieonlr 
into erar* opening and anpplj wmj oriAoa with liquid rood, 
The parebiag arinitj of diaiata, and the greet debiancf ot 
raioi and dawa, opnite in tha total abstraetioa o( moiilnra 
from the weak aoilB ot chalke and aandi, and atao Iroa U* 
ciifaj modiCotloni of land that retain lOBe di(rae of Um 
marine Tiacona natora. The damage ia ao verj great ai la 
reader necnaarj an enlinl; difiennt moda of rtieing tanlpa 
from UJ BMtbod jet pTaeciaad. 

In the moat bronnble titnaliona of tamip^fanungi it la 
held u ■ maiim, in the prepintim of the land, that bU tbo 
opeiitioni an dcme with the ulmott despatch, and that the 
giijund be laid into a level conditioD at quicklj aa poiiible, 
for tbe puTpoea oF prtaeTring the moittaie. Thie ireii great 
adrantiga i> enjoyed bj eitenNTa fiima — that the workinga ot 
the land ire dcmeitonn and aimQllmnaonilj, in tbe prectNca 
of ploughing, barrawing, roUiag, aad lb* eecoad hanowlng g 
tbe weeda in bind-gathared, and tbe land liei ia a dal quiaa- 
cant itita till the ntxt wotking it commenced. Thii prt- 
etnlioo of preaer<rin| naiitun being lackoned to Ter^ aaecn- 
tiil b the nuet faronred diitrieU of turnip farming, tha 
hnibuding of the wiotar mniatore lor the nK of the fnlnro 
eiap t>ecoiaei inSniUtj more necaaarr in Sunth Rril^, 
where the defidenn ii to large of (he gnat natriaool and of 
TCgetible life. The doublt-ridging ijaten of ScotUod ia 
whollj uaeleai on anj Mill, light or haarj. Tha ohjaelioa hu 
been alated agaioit Mwing on thi Sit ground, and it now ■«- 
miina to dettd a method that teemi to be clou of tha faaiti 
of both tbe ibaTe-raaDtionad modat 

In Ihe etilj winlti, and eoou alter harrcet, the atabbia 
ground intended for nut jeir^ ttunip* ia plonghed with tlM 
■treogth of four horeet, u daeplr ai the ilapl* will allow ; not 
leei than T or 8 inchei, if that depth oan be abuined. In tba 
apring, at the aanil drj leatonot working the Undi, FinUj- 
acm^a hairow ia emplojad aeroaa the plooghing at 



inter. 






the enrfaoe, the rail and the huiawi being amplojcd to 
croah tha doda and collect the weedi. The gmbbcr ia nait 
uaed lengthwiae, when the harrowa and roll are need aiba- 
fsre, Ibe proeesMt being npeatad it doe inlcrrili till tha 
gronnd ia anSeientlj pnpiied for being aown with tbe crop. 
Diilla an opened with ona fnitov of Ue common plongh ; 
the dnng it iprcid in the interiila and eorartd hj ona forraw. 
ai in opening the drilli, and tba tnmip teed uwn on Ihe freah 
tilth. When arliSdal minam are neeil, ridglcti are made bjr 
oaa furrow of the common plongh, and HDmibj'a drop driU 
■ptita the ridgleti deeply with a loog conlter, and dapmita 
Irom a fnnnel tha mannn and aaedi mixed iu bntbs il tbe 
dittanee of nine tncbei when tha plant) atand in crap. Thia 
proceaa being qnieklj dnne, and M looa uthedriUianmada, 
pnTcnti aTiporation, ind aeenree Iradi tilth to tha teeda. 
Bj aowing tha flit ground tha leed b depoeited amoog a drj 
duit on the tnrficaof thagroand. In tbi* wst it ia depoaitad 
dseplj among nswl j-Dored earth, wUch ia rolled immediitclT, 
and the mnatnn locked in the Mil The aoil being entinfj 
wnnight by the nubber, u not Innwd np at bj the plough to 
the npoinn of ftmghl ; the weeda in draiged to the inr- 
bn bj the round tinea of the gmbber, in pliee at bdag ent 
by the ibaip eouller of the plough. The moiilareia retained 
in tha earth, and kept nndcr-ground, and, when eipoaed to 
the lii by one fnnD» of drilling, ia ready to eieit Ihoic ageo- 



of itmoiphen 



irely o. 



ei, depcnda e 






hat been aitifleiiUj ipplied for the lue of yonng 
)ut moat nmeeceHfallT : landa wholly flniahed with, 

^ — jged and aown with tnnip Hwdi, hate been watered 

from the pipe and Iiotee of i water-cart, but Terj iajnrioial* 
toi the intendad puTpote. When water or moiaton b appliai 
in aoy way or qototityto loili m eoitbj nutteia, a datlad 
eonenlion u foraed, which ia datiimanUl to TcgeUblt W, 
and which mutt be again diiaolnd ba!ere any ndbntnl ii 
made af the contenti. Thia objociioa may be urged in tha 
oac of liqnid-mannre drilb ; the apeheilioa will be mneh in- 
trriorto Ihe effect of tha moietnreln Iha hII by tha abon- 
manlioned node of preparing tha land, which hubaenUtarad 
lato the earth bj Nature't prortai^ and retahiad ia iia ■•■• 
•tronm,-J. D, 



vCoogle 



TUB FARUE&'S MAGAZINB. 



THE BREEOIHQ AND HEARING OF SHEEP. 
THS VATLAND AQaiCULTURAL ASSOCIATION. 

MET Mr th>t It b ■> empnkt^n, nd « 



BiMdlng tnd ynring of Shaip. 

Mr. T. BiaTOM, who pn^d«d, briaflj opeiwd Uh pncMd- 

inn. It «u CI— I J ror taloi ta nj ■ Toid u to tha 

•^ o( tlub BMtia(, u thi; iMd ill hid notlet of It, tnd 
■oMof Ihm wtraanioot tb* nuu o( th« gutl«aun who 
«u to iBtradoM it to IIub. Tbi uvdneUoB tf wool ud 
■lattoa (t tta cliMpwf nU wu ■ nitJMt of Iko gtntnt im- 
portuaa to braitn. Ha rtonld not dvdl tpom the nUrct, 
M ha did not wiih to infiiiia npon t topic vkiA woold bo 
linni|U bifora tbna ia an oOdal muMt. Ha ihoold nap); 
nil apoi Hi. Wood* to IntndDOi tha nMnt ; and in lo 
Mag, bo mi^t cnpnat ■ bopa tbit Hi. Woodi would bo 
Mowfld br nuy nutUntn wboa ba taw ptateo^ and 
wbon bo kaaw to ba qiito abla and wQliu 
kaowlatet tbar poaaattad, Ha bopid lb*t lb. 



tbia diOooltf to know wbi -„ 

tbenfiM eontnltad witb Mi. Btrton, wbo, wiU ttit M 
UfoiM, tbit mdiiMi to awiit, and tbit knfcwt with 
WUeb ha ilnra a-^* bit ntifhbowf, at mm lart ■• 
bit aid; tad wa ifN^ to ditcHa tht miOM nim: Q» 
tolla«in( haadi: 
laklVionatobHadfraB. 

a, bow to ut thn, tad whaa to t^ 



ooaioltod wf own jodnwot, I wooU iqbA ittbn tbat tbi 
latraaodioB et tbit tnljtct bad batn plaoad in Iba band* of 

.i_ — .1 .1.. J liigkt bt»t lamtinod qo'iat, 

ttJODL at pnbua htta takta 
UdtTtiwt wiD fallow (Han. 
btai). But, ti^Bi th«t tOBO ponoa nnitt inlradaeo it, I tt 
onto acaodad Co tba dttiia tbat wai aiptatttd to ■>•; bat in 
d^ac to, I btg tbtt loa wiU lUow bb to tttta tbat it it not 
nib tnj Idst tbtt I poNtti luxt pnotiotl knowladgt ipoo 
tilt tolnoot w* ait about lo divatt tban atsj nstlea 
tUa Nom. Not (B) I ban tt t ttadHr. JSj olgeet b 
vbit I tiBaot to bt tbt otjtet of BaBj otbtn— to 
Ittmtr, I tbtll td>But to 700 ritwt tbat btia boon fbiotd 
apon mf own luad. tittr toBc^iog litt twtn^ )ttit' niae- 
h~i «u.i^o«a. I ihtn tabmit to 70a tbata Titwt, oitbtt 



, . .0 piB itfuoilion Bfttlf, bo- 

1 I tbtn ban la oppoitimit) of bauiag apoo wbal 

gtoanda joa dilii from ma, I diill tbaa bo antblod to 
ooaptia 7001 i^iaioBt witb my on ; tnd fiom tbtt I bditra 
I tbtU bo tblo to fnttbii araab ntthl 1 " ' " ' 

B^ovapirpott (HotT, btai). It ii 
tbit kiad to iatndaot tbt tabjttt by 

wiitirid br pntltnin wbo knov tbt 

taft modi Mtti Uuin I do, tbat wiittta papttt ue fiaqntutly 
—I will not i*7 trnlj— looked apon at to nndi boRowo' 
nattn. It it ixtnoMlf pmbtbla tut I oonld btTt wiiCUn _ 
ptpii, and load it at tbu mactlsi, tbtt woold btie aiMnjtA 
107 idiai mott iattlli(ibl7 tbaa I can aapfw tban in an o- 
tamport addrttt : bat It I 

iatiii; ■ • ■■ 



.... , t7i wmiog _, , , 

La of tboia geatkaan irf grttltr oporittica ttun 

— . . ._ .1 — linimtht* wtt atpmaad. I 

miint at potribk in jadfing 
I, And btfioTt Ba, tbtt 1 
lo tbcDw ti Baob lijbt opoa 
nlUt (at Bw to do, botaiua 
ai tbt proNot priot of eon. 



i,Ial 

BBM tbtNfon —X fVt (0 M 

at al bnmblt tSartt this r 
btTt 011I7 oat objtct, and tbi 
thit important tnbjaet aa it 
I tbiak, whtn wa coat to ei 
tad what I nott etUitfi 
all ba TC17 wtU MaTiaatd th 



tioB to (Htar, boat) ; tnd tb 



plattnt priot o( wod tnd 
If, b7 taraiag ont attci 



httt no deobi wt tbaO tbit ortDina, I 

bolbaokfal. "Ir"--— ■"— 

doB ;" tad I hai 




Now,K«>llMMn.IatttrtiuBpoalUiiab}OGt,I M tt I; 
btooo«(«totldtnUiiBporlano«,bUtt70BtIl kwwtball 
ijiqndlfaTtbtpnnbntdtotAaaJ 



S^Ut floekt of pn^bndi dooi a tUaf wUA h of 
Bttimti iaipottanet.aad ooo tbat mtj tuBat jud tmr 
orott-biaadtrof ib««pButldt4l7n«i«t. IwoaUaakHB, 
■TrOBiriittotBt ontpaaUrOt anBtcoai bMote that hi*t 
BOwipnDgopr' Itia,pa(tiapi,adaa|tto*»q«ta4inatairt, 
bntllbinbltitBbirBBd ptoaBoot to aA at BwtmfitC 
thit kind. Whtt ^ ShnptbiNi tprtaffMB? WhatU 
thtOzrordDowBttpiinifnBT What did manj oOat tM 
ealW'Dowi.''vW('OB? 1 wiD Uaw that qoattico 



x otbtn to aotwtr. HtTincMkid70BOaaortwaqiMati 
thiU tiafc tb« pan bratdt of tbttp aHontbCT, and 
HBtiki wbigb M fraa Bt tbii avtaiog ife^ bo sado i 



LX 



TOO ooDodcr Iba beat (oiawtt for „ - 

ItBbt? Do 70B tbiak tbt bltckbot^ the bnwafi 
Hiaptidit^othtlE-biMlaweithabBtT- lUtiaaqMma 
which aait bt of laporttaot, Mad wbidi awat ba of daop 
Inlamt to »nrj natlaBBn at lUi tabic wbo ia a braadei af 
aboap. I will act lotolt 7001 JadntDt bj ti pwtt in g a n* 1 
of mj on, bj itttiaf wbtt I oontidti to ba bttt fci dw pa^ . 
poH,bicBB«7o«tntuaot|itattipBiniit,row banjoai , 
own ram (tad poibtpa piopti TkwaHor hinof acatia 1 
daictiplian U awa Bp<m 7001 tuoM. I ha?* no doaUthtt ; 
toBM lanllaBta pnttot will loll Ba wbj tba7 pnfar 000 ttit 1 
toiaotbu. Bnt Utcc it one tbiof tbtt^it otton oecnmd tc | 
Bt, tnd Qpoa wbidt I tbiak at wa plat an bbbj laa tl — i i 
mart tgnt Bltb no. Tbat piuot it Ui»-lhit (iob whaicni 
kind of on yon Ba7 piotti to biood troB, tbtn ia a ini7 j 
patt diBnltj in lattug the tact 700 Ba7 nqoin. Nav, 
then it t fBUlaBun in tbit toob (tnd a tbit aaotlUat 
bnadti bt hti prand bintdO aho tcdd bo tbat late aaiatu 



bt withod to pnt ia Ut Swik, aanBBn7 bo wac vaablt tt 
do tot tad wbcn bt did to tbt ptica wt« aattavapMlr bifb. 
Tbitv I thiak, iiittt froB tb bot tbat tba ptkt ia al>nt 
accoiditg to tbt dtatad. A tical BM17 pa op tt waat Ibt 
good twtt, tnd coiuaqBontl7 Ike llUtn pnt tba prita «a 
lolanbl7tli>| indldoB'tblaBotbOBhtit. BntBowvbu 
Iiytttbit I hatt b BaJtaottaadantBttaBliBapriJhy tbatt 



THB FARUKR'B HAOAZINB. 



117 



tti qntf Ir of thait w«ol, bHUM MIT prnmi, : 
ta Mf (Lhsagfe I hot* tbm aa not uy la tUi n 
I poat DfptUDsaikupbKiauUUaebMpDi 



■)Mkl 
ItUit 
Wlwtba 
ptfjoo 



tkit a m PMC iMitiaT, bMUM I bold tut tbwp I 
ehMjMt wUch >lll ptodM j«atb«Iubtbit«hJl 
?• S°" f?^ •■'*** r^'MU.ar wbNbn y 
^ Nn.IbtddatfUwpredDeUoDofAbMwdHi 
•^,*T*'*'«7 •«*«?<» *• fcMun UuMd 
iriuli •Ueb .hraU b« ««Uat^ by gioLi pkgtjcd 
Me* to b« nitibk br kvMliag nod aom>M hmhi 
MMgBitlemMintboMwih-MitwfnQbntilbotMrgwM. i 
itmiata aomag tn idjuMt gouty krt aotnBo, ud oee- 
S-'J^S^'*** oUfcoip than, th* UkUMm, babr 
t^if bUekhMd mni. Iwh dririnc iritk unodi 
filcisrifcmiaiiijDuiiiathakliina, ool tbanoubba 
mdtwtt," Saw cu it ba •oadatadit tbat tbaia uo n h« 
[MiI(aMbnd,*hra«aKa IwittOO m mm nm. powm 
n(Mp(enliuiiiarit,lDBpadby muarag (till vonar I 
bo. tbu ibii ii 1 diOmll qiMtiaii; bat I baUnt thu iT tb« 
fcrMnofniieoontyireaottcoto aet tbc tunplg. and » 
fcj woM only bara tba bMt fbraad aVM-awa w^ 
f»w««ii Ibe mtnt ahtcb ii floennrr lot lb* braadinr 
pod luabi— I bchan tMy wanld fat tbwn. If thtj 
ntt Is iiy, "Wa oil] int oooa of nut bua-poUad 
WH, With littlo or no vmd oa tht bally ud naek, uiil 
H 'ool bwIb tbeli tail! ; bat wa will bavg thoM tbat 
poww mnl, and of a qnality of Ocib wbieb ihall prodtiea lu 
(Md mitton I if not w« will not biTa (bam at all,* tboM 
IMUracn of tba Hath-out woold produM thorn, bacaOM Ihn 
wold kaaw ibaltbayooald oot ten bad OMfc Ilbmort 
Uu u a nggartui, ud Ibope to bur aoBa ranarti npM it. 
3»» (onti anothir qnoiUoa with laapaet to tba 1a«b* wo 
pKM. ibanoltaahMiodnpontbomaaaKafMBtottbebncd- 



, -idnpontbomaaaKaaMBtottbebncd- 

ngW DOM-bred iuabo ai ooa which inujM u nneh altaa- 
iRudat maebcanMthabtaodioiotpnrabndDowaior 

i*atm, and I blaamy oalonUtiaq* apoa tba tolUwIna fact : 
-U pBtioKio ha** weltiiKd lambaUiaT haiaalnyaa do- 
iiud lot tba«. I kaowilftoBipNctialaipaheDce. It ii 
"t »ly 10 o« am own eilalii, bot it li tha can witb gentlo- 
Msa tbi BctgbboartiDDd ; tbtj bnwl Umbt that enrybody 
U|M lo (etholdof: they b>Ta no rnaoini (boat to aetk 
l» oiitoB.n ; ibay hara -' - - ■ * ■ ■■ 
(•Ml the dfalon, thataimai 

biK«*i Of liMbi f« fetdic, „„™„ 

u tW Int plica to Iha wall brad oaoi (Uear.hoai;. Now I 
"*r« to Bupare tbit wilb ganUaaiin who (O upon (h: 
^uai ttjla of bnadinc— wbo pat a nm to an cwc 
moH it it a nm, and not baeinia it potwaua luj ptouliai 
■i«t-rto..yth.i a nuo-ia nm, aVl h.". .an 1™!*! a 
«>. Miaypeopla do lIuLaod whatii thoniiollf Tha 
UBb tmd fiom that eaiaiai lyitam of bindioe !■ lun to banc 
kniy npoa hand; „<, doilin mn after Ibit (antlemaD'. 
^al"; th«7 doa'l are 10 Doy tbtm, foi (hey know thay an 
md (0 Nil ; aod thay only take tfaan whin tM; cannot get 



•jua and agun, and they hava dona lo ; erery yoat the niat 
IrT^?*" ". i"""""! (Haa», beii). But it ii not ao 
"» tMN Jami,, brad is a caioleu mm of way. Tbtn than 
""oWer point which baa frenuenlly itrntk me u a tacy im- 
r°nut ma, (ad one which muat haitaiiuck home tolhaheect 
« tnij mia who goia oa Nnrnieh Hill ; co then in (ha 
^t w the houtl (ioaon, and (jon know it ai well •( I do) 
T>*Hi a iroop of |»apla h.r,, and a |ioup vf people 
«««, paihipa you ate a ihitd froop, bm it i> a rare cireiiia. 
■M«^ Hoaiail? Thne'i a Kood lot o( limbi or hoiiel(, 
•l"o|body ii nuhinj to lat them. 



Noal,, 



id lot <Haar. koac). 



S'^^ifL''*^ "" «™«i>'«i** 1 fc'laiii it (•nng( (tw 
f Mntt( or Eamhi whiah poMOia fii mora meiit than ot 
»™ to (ji thak ,11 ,ooj .>>ka. I don't think I t,ri 
•l^ i bu I in inut that wa ahaU m ( oonaiJwahU 
2ai^^'^^~*^»'''»«P- W«U.«haTaia 
■■VbtvlMdanaa RwrtetWmdiMiy Uftueei of bM»d 



BUI, 



mkaTa bath good ud bad. I am Int tltt you u iuttan 
of thatood,asdtbaauiaat(Maef tbntiBd. Wab«ta(tB- 
tbmaa in Ihia Mighboothood who hnod with tara— *ho dotrt 
bay an awa bacaoN It'a a tbeap, bat who boy tba batt tb« 
OM l(y thair baadi OB— who adacC thMi to cartala poiiti 
(wUdHbay taowthan ta pMMaa} ba bMadb« good baalw. 
NatMll(aad>ltblhM,thaygo and hiio or boy a MB ah* 
potaaMiai pMdiM mrila, and «aU adaptad to Ua nra Umv 
an iaUDdod to aamj thay pot tbOM two logetbM, ui 
Ihara'aMtaiiriiatafnMtowhattbaranltwiUbo. Than 
ia BO oiotn iB biaadlBC- Bnadiog laodanlnalaiiBoaMlar 
tf aaeidaat. Yonatfbt at waU attampt tobiaad apni^brad 
abonhani bom ib AldatBay bnU aa !• tnianma to biwl 
good iamba (ram ordtaHy paraBlt. Well mw tba nanlt I* 
ttaU: thoa«KenttaB(Be«B(«atb(lclaabaatlh)mt8(.taa>(. 
•Mb, wbllo other pooplo bnadiar In « difftnot way, tM at 
aoioathbig Uka 1S(. or M(. Tbia ia a mattat vhidi olbn 
Knif to the (artooi eoaddantioB of araiybody who tMim 
about bnadiBg. Than wa havo aaoOar aitnordiatij (uo ht 
thia Bdfbhonibood, bad tbo taverH of what I haie naaBl 
bafoN. A tamer of tha old aeboel, ItttDg aot thcae mUet 
■oath of thIa towD, haa all aorta of amgrd-bTad awaa oa hia 
farm, and 1 aony lot they ire, and tba laipba they bread aia 
neh at tio nan who tarai (Or bb oadit oi bla aoctet woold 
nit tn to fiitteD. Vmgt hae, aa it wna, go aedinwtbed hia 

twee that be buar' 

round (Hiar, hMC 



wbaf a the beat i Natara Ung 



l.th«k 



ayilcDi. I ban no daefre 
~ vwiu ■»!■ amt HI uia ■aghhOBThood tbBB It ite*atT«a. 
WaU BOW, goBUenmi, I hope I ban eteared op eowe of my 
poinia vltb rcapeot to tha awee Oat I wonid breed fnaa. V* 
Buit now ton OBT alteatioa to the aait iupoitaat Mljeet, 
and that U, the lama to naa. After gettiBg good ewee, tba 
neit moat iaiporteat (top la togal goM taau. I uo one ol 
■bote who fancy that il ia aot iltapeat mooay to gin aa eitra 
£i lor a iBo. I tbiak h ia ftr betlai to gita a f^ piiea than 
a tow ono. Tha ptoCl, I do balien, will ba giealar apon bread- 
lag good linba than bid onei, aod yoB will neiat bread 
gnod Iambi tnm bad rama. Now we know that in tha 
bleeding of erou-hred limba there ta great dinraily of 
opinion. Some |enllimea like Colanold ibt«pi aoBn 
like Catawold eroaata, or Cotiaeld eioaecd (I am 
not In the myitariee of tbett Ccouet] with toma- 
tbiog ot a LeioeaCar ; and aome people like a large Leieeeter, 
vltb a diib oF lincaln In it.- Now, 11 ia not for me to aty 
which will beat anaecr a fatmer'a poipoee. I can only pca> 
anme upon yonr kind natnn when lentnring to make aog. 
gealiona. Allow me, then, to uy thil I thlDk the adapteUoa 
Dl the nmi to the ewea, and (heit aeleclioa with jugdnoD^ 
oagbt lo rsat in the dlicniloo (and doee. I ban ao doabt j at 
the flockmuter who li loing to oM them (Hear, hear.) 
Dnt I ban an ojilnion of my own with reepcot to tha WM 
of lam ahieh I .ibiak oaght la be niad to aboft-woolled 
ewes fn birading ecoaa-brad limbi. I haTt to idea that bi 
ought to potMai merita peenliai to hinuelf ; tbat ia to V 
haoDghttaban a good mieonliuecDanleiianea; 

lo haia hia neck neilbac too long not too abort, ai _ 

npoii hli body aa Ihoogh it formed part end pared of bin. 
Hia braait ought to be well thrown oot in front, and wid* 
and eipanaite between hia fore Mga. Tben ii one lhiD| 
~""' ' ■ ' - ■ -■ ■ ■- f, in muy pnie hreeda of ihtep: 
of the ebouldatai bteeu- ' '^-'* 
. to ba » cauatroeted aa (a han 
lay of miB^ 



to ley. 



(hit il, the in 



(hit th 



■honldera ai 
I the ihouldan 



lalholi 

. ofmiBf 

I of nuay olhera, n 

bodieaaathoogbih^ 

: — aa il tba body hid beiu mada 

id been a leeond Ihon^hl, and bad 

the body had got cold (oheera aad 

langhter.l Well, it we conid gel Ibalr ahoiiMera right I 

ahould like lo bm wide and expanded lolna. I ahonld 

hie tail placed well upon hit nmp, and well inrronndad 

. nnttoa i bit backbone aboold he itrilght, bnt better a 

B atdked rather than the other way, I .ahonld like to aea 

1 1 call " lege of mutton," deep, full, and weighty. IbCB 

not want lo lee them loo long upon the Irga, haeania if 

Ibiy are too long npun the Isgi tney cinnot tnnl. Anotbet 

great aad important poiat ia to aea that iba <>ool ia ot tba right 

_..__.._ "id piMty of It, ud that yan |«l a aUa Mt bfa^ 



THE FARHEira MAGAZINE. 






1S8 

bit al that un dun} hot thit tinj biati 
bntdki buaa nutt prapiKila good il«ck, 
willpua. OcnUum, I un not giuui t^ 
■7 ovu, bat Imioing to iik jon lo be 
fair huddUi whilv T u^ hoc 1 ooauder raou uugu la deuhU' 
yt* inll tuppou, for m^nmtot'i ukCt that aoma of thoaa 
ItsUaiaca vbo do brted IhOM TUf lood taubi, anil «ba da- 
aerra creJit fcoui tttij fttotlcoaa vbo (luta. gin 7 gaiaaai 
for ona nin. 10 guinaai Idi a ucoud, and IS KuiDeaa for a 
thud. Well, it ii Tcij fiopa; i hi>a oo doubt Ihey have 
dime >iial]' in Kiiiiii IS guioeu. But it eomei to Iblt : Lhcf 
totu all tba [ami iuto tba flock togaibar. Noir, lat me uk 
jon utaather it ii net withLs tbe lanKC ot possibititj 
T-fnioia iim ihoold tup the ' ' 



tha f -gnioei T 



s lB-gniB« n 



daJ^lb 



ith. II 



the ID guiim ram peihapt laksi bia 

lid tliit,ifi«T giiioc thoH pticH ffli jour 

ral ciop ol liisbi ii to do thii: joo 



noia, tbe waj to gtl 

ahoDid aalcct (he aaei lor the 
■itb gliriai [auUi abicb joa eao m. bat wbich tba IS-Koinea 
na aould Diileritlljr eorrtct. I «L1I go to the olhtr eilraoii. 
You hiTe got aoma evai that ihov TUj wall in aoma pointi 
inshich tbaT-gDioai nmia ilittle dtEciuit. Nov, I btliive 
if yon vara to go opom Iba principle of aclactiog Lbe evei for 

Iambs bectUM JOD would bleed tbam witb eoriecied pointi 
wbich jou Doald doC do othtrsiit. I am qsita aain ihit 
)BB vill tell mc Ibil thii is a Taij diBcalt natter. It la 
a difflcult matter cren io au encloaad eountrjj and in an open 
Bountrj JOU sill Ind it itill more diSeult. Il will take ■ 
gnat nambei ol hardlca. il vill requin more iLlantion, and 
altogeUier inralTe conaidatable (rouble. But, gentlemes, 
lat me uk )oa ooe thiog— What Kreit looaia hai 
•TO ;et baeu ichlercd without tioutit ? Ttaata ii sa 
tiaait to tba poaai of mio, if he vill but direel hii tDiad to 
u objaat, and ba detcrmioed to lucoeed, and tben, u iur< ai 
w* an hua logaUur Ibii oigbl, «> ante will he loeeeed, aod 
Ool; baaoipnaad that ba lookad upon il ai difficult at ituting' 
(H«Br, bwi, and ebeeri), Tbe objaci of almoit all our croii- 
brMdlng il to get ii muiy l&mbt ii we cm, bocauw, lookiig 
at tba piicaa of wool and mutton and coco, it beeomu an im- 
portant CDnaideialiOB. U; eipericoce telli na Ibit if we want 
— (lad I will giTO 100 lome praMicil ioilaoeei preientlj)— lo 
prodnee plenlj of Inmbi, iDd i( we deiin the lingle onea to 
coma itiDDit ind heillbj, it ii Tttj much witbm our own eon- 
tiol, and i( il by LhEafl meioi, nod joa know il ai well ni 1 
do — that il, fluth jonr awci two pr three wecki bafoia tba luaa 
go 11 then, and oontinug that for two or Ihrea aeaki aftat- 
wuda : I will iseitai for (he remit. Now I will (iTa jou mj 
«wn eipcrienee lut jaar. We wire rather delcjint m aitlf 
tamipi. I lopped lome upon liTan, tome upoo the puk, and 
pia them ■ ceilaia qointitj otuka. aad one lol upontoinipi 
ud no cmke at ill. Wa had 2E per cent, mart twini fiom 
thoBO 00 tumipi than from tboie on the new layer, or with 
cake beiidea [obieri). Now, gantlfmen, ai we don't wiih to 
haTi lailurai with oar nnu, tbara ara one or two Utile pointi 
npoa wbich it hu occnrrad lo ma to apeak to yan thu ara- 
■ms. RaBi,iBmTapai]iaa, triTalngraat deal too far oaonr 
Bocfc (armi. Tbe priadpl* l^ in ■ giinl Bsunia, to 1*1 Iba 
nmi ran with the ewea mdiacriminUdy. Tbejrun with tbom 
into the folil It night ; thsy go onl with Iham tbe neit diy, 
and th^ thui triTal e coneidenbla diataoea. I think jod are 
dcitrajing rcry much of hie ligoar by nakiag him to mndi of 
a triTalkr (Hear, hear), Whit I idTiH yon to do il to M the 
•waa n oat lo thi baith, the leldi, or whatever you think 
«^ 1 bit ktep tba nm at home, and giTi him a little cake ud 
ftaahfood. lamqniteaufayonwill bawell rapud bjanallera- 
tiooof youptcaaot lyalam (eheen). Agiin, I helieii it lobe 
a Boat inpottanl aattet, wbenyoa pot tbi ram with tbe 
iw«i, to MiM bow Iba awia an ronniBg. II yon do sot uie 
•duo, bow EBB yon tall whna thaii tiM baa elapaed t If you 

KnpoB tba prineipla of ndiig led oAi* at • (•rtain period, 
taoehraat anolbai period, and yeUowocbioaftawaida, you 
eaa Icll to a dead certainty how you owat will b^— Ibtt ii 
to any, wbaa yon aij apaet a nnMbn ot bunba, and when you 
B« not, I hold it to be a mattn of eooddetabla importau- 
aadl ■iihlhil every flickmiilu piid attentioa to it; and 
jon adopt m; rtejimneuditioo of ultetiog the cwci to t 

lat me atk, if you make II a mle to eumine ccrt«n paita of 



yoaiewa? for depend Mponit.Uaeetta t B Mc a B afWi lt a n iw 
of bit ganenlira organi, which ii, or sa|ht lo be, well udib 
MoolbyeTery llackmaiteioiihephtfd, iiBOt perli(t,hi*a 
neierpTaduciiUmb; and jou would tfaoi not only eipcritaa 
much diiappointmCDt, but loie acrirnl wceki at the beat part 
of the leiaau. Now th* lut point under tlu* h w di ag ii «( 
which thoae gcnt1c>en who hai* onai4iredi will eBdoilul 
belter than I ilo ; that ii— when ooght the laaa la be pal la 
(hcewei? I think thiaiiamittci wbich iiteiy mack ilicUd 
by lociliLiei, or by (he aitualion of the farai upon ahieb Hi 
floeki are pieced. If a gtnlleoiau ii in an endoaed coualiT.il 
he il well prOTided with ipriog food, and ii well able to oiij 
along hii Itmbi when they come it an ei'lj lime, Ibei Ibi 
ram may ro in by the end of Septeaiber j bat •• i g<DRil 
principle, where Umbi fill in an open coanlry, I would m- 
Uinly adriie hUehaelmu ai the beit time, comidcring tbU 
they would then drop iboal Iba 71b ot Uuch,aj)d follow In* 
tbit time. My eiperleuce tolli me thai il it dM 
ilwiyi the forward Umbi that aike Ihi beincit 
ibeep. I cin lUte Ihit ii ptaeticil infumition. la 
anr own lyiten of bteediBg we maik the eats of laobi 
for tbe Bnt month, uid ifKi the monlh hu tipirtd 
■re hate no mark al ill. Now let me tall you i tict wonb 
relating al a meeting of tbit kisd. At the lait BiraiiEliiiii 
eibibilioB there wu one ihecp which wat uid to bi the lutnt 
Southdown iheirliag ever eihibiled at the Birminghinu- 
hibitioo, of which ysn cioforD to opisioa younelrn «hn I 
tell yon that it weijihed 17 I'onet (inprriil) Ine "(tt 

Thai wether had no ear mtrlr, protiog that he w -""'■■ 

■ younger I' '' ' ~" ' -■■■-'- 



the drat lamb which wu drappii I 
a ihowyon that Uichaelmu-dij ii at 
iw we ara coming lo another imjioTtaat 



a Tery Lad time. 

enbjaet, and one 

every bteedci, thai ii, " tbe trtatDtent of ewct during (nt. 
niDcy," and "ibortiou — itaeauaet and affect.' Bttry («- 
Uenun who hu i Hock of iheep will, I am qnite aorc, ffti ■ 
deep inlereet Ja anything Ibet can throw light upon 



.lad 



It going to 



., , bceaoie I mide np my mind at 
line my remiTki itrictty to practical 
II da M io tbi) cue. The Ent Ihiog. i 
Ibing too, I thick, ii the leediBg of 



'. IbaLet 

__^.. IharenrH 

— ibundincsof iambiVthe rcreiie. Tbe qoeatioa, g"ll'- 
Deii,ii, "Howireonr ewei to be fodl" There irel" 

tsinli which 1*11 pnt lo yon tot contidetatioo. Utajeljai 
lie been longer ia the county, and hare had a grtil dill 
more ciperience thin I hare bad, but yet I will eak yen ok 
■impla queation : Takingilui geuen] rale, hue jou car 
leeu thete two thiogi together in Norfolk, tie., a good nop of 
toraipi and a good crop ot limha In Ihe ome yeir F* I lbi°i 

the cue. The limple fnct ii, I bciiaie, we are loo free la llu 
UM of oorluraipi (Hear, hear). There ii another qiinli". 
upon which, bowarer, I do not proTaai la give an apinioc bj- 
aalf.beeaniemyeiperieBMhainDl carried Me to Ibit. but it 
is a qneetion upon which aany gentlemen may be abk legi" 
«• aoBtpnetieal Opintoo. Il ia Ihii : U it right Is illow Ibc 
•wee lo follow lbe hacgeta when on lanipa T"— that ii u b; 
—" Is it light to allow theeweats lead npoo the teftue fool 
of the hoggeta? Hy opinion la tbat it la not; tbalit^aM 
only a barbaxoai cnalam, bat alio a daagtrani one tntar, 
hear). I do beliere thai by pladng the awaa to follow Iba 
hoggeta, they not only get a great amoBut ol iadigaetihle find, 
but they take up a great amount of aiH, which moat act at ao 
irritant to the boweli, Hy experienca tcUi ma thai a hoHJM 
il probably pmdoced by two ciuaa, and eemes et twe petiMi 
of the pregniocy ot the ewa. The Onl tine gnenlly bar 
penihctireen the 3Sth Of December and (ba 6lh of Janeairi 
thm, I fancy, it ia prodnced by food that ia to» eBnalaliaf » 
the gcneraUTO orgina, and wUch tbni acta «■ the ottaea, •"" 
canca it to eipel ill e«nlenta. Tbe next atage, and I M*" 
the tooet dangerona one, bappensabont Ihe moatb of fthni^' 
whiik I baiien In be prodnced by tba gnat amnoal ol iwh- 
geatibto fbod which tba awM hata taken ip bctaeen tbox 
periods. Ton baie aB witaeaaad a great amount of *■"' <■ 






wbea yon buy titm, or befon you torn than with wirds, bentaie at 



whole lyatem of tbe aniaual, and aboctiooiatha remit- Toe 
hanilihown to you by tbe eflket the tcm pmdacca aM- 



lime of the year addom do yoa gel ■ 



THE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 



B9 



Mieo'iboctioiiviAmt th« tnMas iti wool.iad, 1 ■oald 
1^, iDhsvniaj uki iti liftilw? Nov, how ut v* ta alter 

Ihu? I liotd ibat It II, I will not iijcDtiKlr irilbii] out ows 
itirupoitncciiTDrthsiiTihiaK.wiiil villain jon 



tnlnil. Lit ma pre }oa oi 



ily. In that jar 



01 two attrtlicE ftctt, and 
■KH uiflt 1 uTij ADj miui Hj fBt oraT. Up to lfifi3 tha Mar- 
taa flock of ibaap tm koown to be b ' *'^ 
itortiiio ai ai/ Hock of ibcep in tho 

n bad loawtbiDg lika 110 cw» ol tborlioi, and wa loit au 
no. I Mt tbst Iha tiat wu eooe Bhan « cbing* wu se- 
CMUT, ud that to go en i a that wij wii iiamping thou 
Tbo htd to do with tham witb a want or intalli^DCt, care, 
■ad diKRtiaD, tbat caght lo ha tbraaa into tha maoaitcDiaiit 
e(»>ili»Me a flock. I tbaccrun antirclr alterad the iTilem 
aUdi wu Ihco in hh. and 1 delanainad tbatnerar again 
iftn i ctitain time ol (he jiar ihontd tfacr hina tnotlicr 
inaip intil ntailj tha lime o( laahing, and tba (jilaa I 



pn a iMd deal. Than wai a gnat •mo^Dt of fi»d irhich 
maid hit them wirj well in an open eiawn natil th« cod of 
Dmabn or the beginning ol January. Then 1 Kite bian 
wl daS aetil abont a fortnight befoie tha tima for th* flcit 
Ivnba to Eidt. I then placvd them npon tofnip* , lakmic ^ra 
ligin raij faw at ■ tima, and with good aliowaaca of ebiff. 
Nor it ii a fact that lism tbat day wa hare not had a iingk 
cut of abortioa on tb« Gum, and oar atcrag* nnnbei of awaa 
lail t« n*TcT, Dp to tha pnwcnt ftar, mtatdtd fin. But 
Ibtre ii noiher point (0 Which I noateooie — ajxuatiBwhicb 
■U li(hl4and tamn will taka gnat inlarut. That qnaitioti 
■•-'Saca dayed land niteiiallr aSiot tha hrillh of tfac 
nar I know tbe pTeralenl opinian ie that it dwa. and 
inhahlj it atj ; but I at; tbet that ie lerf mnch within the 
natnl ol tbe Uochaeittt bimaelf. 1 balicTe it, with the care 
■d iatelltgHca which a panoD may bring to bear npon it, 
Ite aif be mj mnch coaltaUed, asd I will alao gin jon 
MM pnetieal ezpcrif nca npon that miitar. I bara Incq told 
liae after tima that Iha Walailoo turn would kill an; aheep, 
bg wattir whether tbaj wera faoggeta oi owct, or aay other 
nn si ibeep — ibey could not lire upon it, and itiil mate nn- 
Mftr would it be if it waa clijod, and u to cwei, the man 
toald ba itad who would attempt tn keep them. Now thit 
hrmbai bean dajed rerj bcaiilT; it ban been clijed, marlsJ, 

njnioaa hara been brooght to bur u(ipd it, nod what hai 
Watbc raialtT Not ihat ill the thecp died, bal I can lira 
rn ■ fact worth jonr eontidaration. Fioai Uiehaalnuu, 
lUl, to Hichi^TBa, ISfii (the lait jat we held thr farm, 
■al coMtquawtlf at a time when we had to (cad antirelf off 
Imipa growa 'ram artildal manure on cltyed laud), there 
wna « Iha fam 806 ■■(>, 310 bnggala. 100 abcailingi, and 
n tnd U3 lamba. Now oobbi tha la( of war. Batweaa 
IHl tad ISSSoailoNconpriatdthcfDllowiagi tbonota, 
i" twae, S akauliDp, and 3 laaba— total 31 loitont otXOM 
A>F, indadiu laabt, and not a aiafla oata of abortion 
lAeert). Bat I am hlppr to ear that thia good lock did sot 
red with tba oeenpaliDn of Lord Walaiaghani. 'nirongh tb* 



L Nowfth 



Ikiiiiaai ol 


our 


acollan 


tOd 


ant. 


Hr.Bn 


togiTaTou 


tha 


ranltor 


hiaeipe 




lo hid 300 




ep«>bi. 






J<ar, a 


glacaia of abort 


on; hi. 


lo» 


o( 


■wee waa 



id ha 



ink that iaa ceruin pro^f that.Dnderjudiciaua 
li proper faedlng, tha Timlence of cliyad land 
■>r be ntj mneb mitigated. Now it ii ri(ht lo laj upon 
wUt priaeipla wa waBt, I don't giro it to tou ai a new 
^t\ I onlj lira tha prectioal eipBrienc* of mjwil and 
Kten. I don't attempt to puib it down joui throata u an 
KigiHj idea, lor I hare no donhl it hia bocD borrowed fraa 
MM olbei penon. We oslf gin a limited amonat ol tnr- 
■'pi. hat a large amonBt of dr; food, and loma bran, and to 
IMl ayateo I ittiibule the little loii we had. I do hold 
■bU upon D*al} elajad land the eril (Secla upon bned- 
'H loimaU ii prodund Tti; much b] luiacianca of the 
P*atb of tha tarnipt, and b; their oonUiDing ao moeh 
■War tbat ie BdigeUihIa bj Ih« ewe, and ahin ibece ie no 
("MBtog i a fl at a, taflammatiop ii produced, and henoa 
■wrtion. I kaia now fot tbro^ tha traatnunt at ewaa dup. 
H Fin >w f . nd 1 aalj traat Ual I hart Mda mpaU 



iotcUigiUe npon that polat, and (ban jbn irana mataiial Ihata 
worthy of jonr ooolideialiDn (ehem). I woold bare call jour 
attantiDn (o a matter that roijuirn jont Miiona conaidentiaD, 
and that is with raapeei to ihepberd'a dogt. la it right that 
tha; thauld be allowed to run nboat where breeding ewca are, 
fraqoeotlj diilnrbing and often alarming tbem r Ibeliere tka 
aril ii often man lerioaalban ■« are aware of. or wanld be 
williag to aelcuowledge. Soma abapberda know bow la ma 
doge, but ailh them il rtqnirea tare; but bow it it with a 
careleai Iaa; fellow, harin^ a wild ud badlf-trtinad d<^T 
And then, again, with faadiag oc fat tkoep, dosa an iliU Ina 
nqoi'ad. Qiittada ia what all fatting aniMala reqnin, aMd 
tbii 1 am aura the; do not get wheR don an prowling alMnt. 
Now the aat tbisg ia the treatment ol Ike awaa daring tba 
lambing aeaion. Thia, I think. ;an will all admit ii a Tarj 
importaot matter For our conuderatiaD, beetuio it ia oiw in 
which arcrj man who bat a Sock feeli a rtrf deap iulnaat. 
1 bdiere Ihil to keep ihtm heillhT np to tbe da; of kmUng 
jou mnat not limit tha inppl; ol dry food. Gaotiwilh il; 
don't be alriid ol ipanding an extra £i for a ton oif bnio, foe 
I Iruit the milltn wiil one day get it down lo that prieo. 
One thing ha* itrnck ma in tb* large floeki of Norfolk, and 
tbat ia tbe little care that appeara lo be abown, or rather fait 
to be dtaiiable, lor the pralectian of the lamba. In larga 
fiocki tbe ihtpbnd ii (rfrjueBtly orerworkid i tha Iambi an 
orten dmpped in rery aareic weather ; there ia rcry littla pro- 
taclioafartbem; there may perbapa be lS,ar£0,ar SO pea*, 
bnl there are not peua enough, and I have lata a great mmj 
lamba pcrieh liom thia eauat. Now it ii of great impOTtaaoa 
to crery Bockmaitar, wbcthn grtat or aoiatl, to prepana yard 

jardi on a mild and Inn night, bat yoa ahoold ban a goad 
and wall-ahaltirad yard, abundantly aapplicd wilb pta^ anl 
then yon can put yoar fiock in tbe yard if ths night baomaaa 
an nnfortunato ooe ; berante I feel quite anta. and I bava 
prored it by my own aaperiance, tbat any little outlay apas 
ihii matter ia well repaid by tb* numbat at lirai €l lamb* 
■and. Thea then ia another aattar which I pat to jon wbn 
■re flocknaiteta, and which I aik yon to b* good eaoagh to 
esnitder, rii, whether there are not— I wi'l sot aaj thrngh 
eareleeanear, became it i> an unkind word to apply to a moat 
nKful data o( nun — bat, thtougb alaott tha anaiety at not 
_L._i.__j_ _. _ — and liobi petiah ? Qon--"- ~' — 






eipenen. 



latha 



1 by injudidaui haata (Haai, 

re i> the grandeat luria and the loreit doctor i Iherebn 
ipiniou ii that you abould let natnn do ita awn work. 
in Ibe 0*01 an lambing, do not be in too moeh baata, 
ch them ; but giro them lima, and the; will right th*m- 
a ; and nerer bare neouna to the uie of Ibe hand until 
■« that lb* ew* ba^ airen up naing her own efforli, and 
mnean cifainated lllear. hear, and cbcen). Then than 
danbt well kaewn, batwbU, 



how fir onr pn 



ill bagia to rtnin and dnx^, ahowiag tint 
oa of tba ntama ii going on. Nsw oar 
Ie to Judge for yomadna 



no doubt. Afiai abont thia* day* 

. J to rtnin and <* •.--■.. -.-.-^ 

tba ntama ii m 

a areahle to ft „. . ,__ 

worthy of being follawed by tba 
ngum 1 aiie giini foD— we hare immcdialdy' bath«l Iha 
awa Inqoently with warm watar. and afterward* wa ollan 
hare Died iojeeliana made fiom poppy beida, aa well a* a 
copioni tnppiy of Day'i Ettraet ol Dciffltld Oila, which 
1 bdiere to be one of tbe moat Taluible farmari' (riaida jat 
brought ont. Aftrr tiat w* gin three annctaof talta, two 
taa*poonlols ol iweet iptrita oi nitre and t*o teupoontnli of 
laudanum. Ia niny ouea that hai bam auceeufnl iu urlng 
tbe life of an ewo. Then then ia mother thiog irfaich de- 
ieiTci to be Inated npoa ni one affecting not only the health, 
hut tbi life af thiawe. ind fieqnently of the lamb alio, tad 
that il Ibi girgat, with which yan are too wall acqaaiatod. 
We all know that tbii ii piodaced by ciJd. Now out pne- 

moit intelligent ahiphard— a man whom I hold to ba tteood 
to none in tha kingdom in the mtnigimant of a flock. It it 
ia tha Utek garget, be lanoe* the adder nry freely, applia* 
common aalt vary copionaly, and rnba it wall oil onr tlio 
udder. Altar daug that, ha tnma tha ewa, and blaida b*l 
ft«t« tb* large nin maniag np tha «aa t(* at a* baUf , aad mj 



140: 



THE PAIUfBR*S kUGAZINS. 



«■• ■■ ym vooU u thi turn tt ■ Mni), nd om it ««• 
kiUu NWH orjiliv ud balfu MWHoriluB u UT 1 pUt 
at btm. In moh chm h« i> immmMi sot oalT in mtgnu 
lh««««,biitianM< 

«tlfa*ad4N>lw(it 

ikosn jraa bj th* hardaMi rf th* .. _ 

wa lomot Maiify^tBifac* titkuMns U l» aat attettuf- 
W« pn it ■•didM, ud >• Und; bat Ibii^ it voald 
bi bifbl; lapnpiT, ud wilhoat aa^ tMd «l*ct, t« nanlf 
tkt oditar. la ^okiiif on Ihii MbH'^ tbar* it ona Ihiac 
■Uih it wiU aat be oat of |lin ha m M uau. tu. 



I viil Dot bliBM tb* ijMtai, but I ban oftn 
1 tb« uaoal DinntioB <rf ibapkcrdi then saH 

„ <rnimf, banwN it katpa b*b in I itila of sot 

kaowiac whit tbir an lauK to do— vbcthat tbaj aia (oiai 



rbcthat tbaj aia (aia* 

U TOB get a Rvod 

um nin that Ui plaoa i* vMtb 

J kMp faiin Bp«a tbe bra ; doMt 

ovi irbit to da and wkat aat to 



MbU^ai 

bol ■■kahSi~IM('tMta~te*~|Md'i«raBr tomaMdob^ 
da^, and IhU job vill ramtd hia r« doiag it (Bmr, btu). 
ACain, in tb* laabtaf wiMii, I Ibiok tbat awn ii npaetcd 
•(■ihaphRdlbaaaaancaediw Natua hu i Imit ta wbid 
it will *Uo« a Baa to go, aad biygod thit ■• tnuon. 
. TmptB,^ a MnoD hai only oa* thtpbud, with, parhop^ a 
Mft, l« atUed to a buf* flDct of bcaadiai awaa, Tba ibtp- 
h«rd iiili'ii M da hit daly, bnt he bansM won oat b; 
ritting ap aight t<l*i aiRhk He aaaaot attend to the ema 
M be eaabt to do. Htunj a buab baa peiiibed, aot tnm the 
telt ot ike ihephwd, baeaoM ha Mold sot hdp it, hat bwaoae 
be had Beta to da thaa otutht to hafi b*Mi aipMed o( bia 
(Hnr.hni). Ne*,thtnalbMdlodia«BMt*tb*M< 
id wbaa maaad. I ki 



van lb* dtlieaar with wlurti I eoght to hrtradaa* thk mlfert, 
bacaaat I *B apaaUof ia tba p i aeaa c a o( nadaata af licp 
■fTW ii nn i bi u wbo an wd abli (o Jadft fin tbcnadvai, 
aad who naalia bM a TRT 'M'iMM'b hon Be opoB a Bittai 
of lUa kiad; hat lb(r* ia ae ban in ibiBg 07 owb ei- 
pariawa*. I baliiTa that tto bat aad Ua moat lapoitaat 



Ibisgto da ia la (bed the *w«a waU,aa that tba; <an 
Ihaii dtV t* the kmbaj In oalhiiB eaa bt mm, oeibi 



aur pttiM •>>'^ o IffH •>>*^ »» *" ^*' "^, *" 'S 
we takVMT Boaai to PWka tbair Uood dnaWa feaelr, *ad 
coaaHBintl; that leatiallj aati them rifht New I naa 
to tba Bxth baadiaf , whkb ia tba tnatniaat o( bii|gala tan 
JdIt 10 Mkhaiiaiaa. Thia i> » qaaatian with wbiA f*"*'' 
MM o( km anwiieaea ua wall acqaaiaiad, tadit wdlpw; 
hap* b« aaoaaaaaarr far bo to a^ tbat a beooeat chaefi •■ 
patton ia daainhla. Wa ban alwap foaad tbat to gH* hb 
with oabo baa daM mora towaida [ha fiowiiig our hocpla 
latttiaftiUy ap to th* tiaw wboi w« with them to be f« aa 
to tba toioipt than eijtbiag alae; >■ faot, it kaepa thaa 
healtbj. Ia otbat thiaca wa bn* hoafht ccptriMae nam m 
twioc Br too awMaaly BoabiBf oubo(i*u with too Bach 
huhlj eliBilitiBff (aod, w* ban prodaoed ■ fnat aBooiI af 
(bm; hat wbaa wt bite doea mi. wa faan bM* j^^Mtta 
eniH()i M bit npoa a NBtdj, vhieh baa Tat; naoh eanattad 
it. II wa tad wa hare baeo eafortaiuta aaoofk t« (M iala 
tbat diltBBa, we ciie to aeeli the deooetioB ol bdf an aaaaa 
0la*Dnalaa*aaaadaBoaBaaolaelte,fra4aee^Iellaw*d kj* 
eaeoad doa* ia tbe oaana of a fartaitbt. Wa ban nnir 
failed to eaiTT sS tbe Imi, lad oar bonato go oa eatiatB- 
toriljeltvwaide. I baliara it *la« to In >ea iBPMtut la 
dip oar liBba ia Jolf 01 Aagget. I a 



pealtioa bj Uaa, e( I4U. Of eoam *a alwtTa take mj 
gnat can u giiiag oar haigaM taiaip* ea paaUn* tee eeae 
three weeka. oe ibar ban otaa goo* an aa laag e* a Btalb h» 
tonpottJaglkaBwhaUroBlanip*; aad 1 hata laand that 
tbOT do ml tbM BiStf, 1 wiU ao* give job Ike a^Biiili 
o( Bralf aad MbB gotlaBaB <i to benUi lad apea *lBT*< 
lud. TbkraatwabaieSlOnakaggaltlaediacBpaudqid 
laad,dajadat tba ntaefeoaethiiig Ilka 100 loadaparaaai 
Ibq an bi Oe tame Said that Iher bne beta ia a>« Boaa 
UiabaalBM. lattteiteea pnalical CM, tbat aaeat aiaaa 
tboae ewa laab* b*** beaa fad oa Iboee toiaipa oe* of tkaa* hB 
ailed aajthiag 1 tbej ban m; Buck iapierad ia aaad il iB 
udappeannoB. It ii aot for bo to lar aajthtng la (aoaar 
ot than. I ebaU aak Mr. PalMt, who iwd aa appai- 
tanilT of aaaiBg thea tba othae da}, to laj what ha 



Ibaa net to ban Ike ewea wall at a liae wbea thay ongbt 
la had their baaba. W* ham feeoDBtl* fbond, after 
aboat Ik* tUid dij, tbe laaba ot eose aetban aon 
thaa atban an tto^lad with a oaWa Usd af dianhaa, 
A. kind of wbiliab aimaiwt eoooa boa thaa, wUb baa 
a ntr diaanaaaUa *BaU. Tbii ia elaarir pndnsed br w 
diiaatad^wbid^Uaataoaa naorod frea ^ bowaK 
will fradneaiaaaaaiiBlodrhtaiiaa that will aad ia dath. 
We fin at aooa two taaapDoafal* of Matoroil, : 

•pooabd of giagar aad oaa of iMiaaiii, the .^ 

baing t» eaif off the initatiaa, bat at the ■am* 
thm ta eool aad faiat tb* MoBadu If that doa* aot 
aetia the way *a dean in atariog the diaiibiB*, wm gin t*» 
gnfau af powdaad diilk, half a dnchB of Haetan of ibabart, 
■od tea diopa of laadaann, whieh tarelf Ula to ptodnca tba 
deandnaalt. I aai ean 700 don't waat Ba to 141 yea tbat 
Ht* war ta paw good laab* ia to lake good can of joai 
•wn. In the llrtt pUaa, get good Ureci, aad thaa (oU tbe 
own; gin thea aangoU and eahe, aad let ^ lamb* ma 
ook Ofooanotha son eakavan gin tba tms, the men 
giUtU bath tba ewea aad tba Usbe WiU bo for it Then 
aatlbMriaple Iktl* thiogia tb« tdiiog oflbalaiUe. It ia 
atiapla epaa tlu a, but if petfonaad at aaiBpnpetaaa*Mi 
oRaapndaeae latTaatMBanblanaalt*. Kithanaaato be 
M aaiaitiiBate ^C with tk* wiad U th* north ae tbe eeat, 
dM Umb* an labia t« *B>«r. Ooi iiriHinia bn told ai 
th« tba hart liaahreaHJag and talliu iawhoa tbalaab it 
riNattwooiaaeaweekialS. Wir7eoant, t4ac* a aiaa 
wBnidar>>^«aaalbwiadlf«a an CirtaaU aw^ to 
•oli^MdMMtAthMnaraBAItratalghl. Uwilad 



TSB u* goiog tbroagh ih* pi^h of ToUingtaB, oa tha IM- 
ford raad, to cart ^nr aje to tba tight, tad tan is at tbe ■•■ 
ooad gate aftai leanag Tottjagtoa Tdlogo ; leak at than, aad 
jadga tar loartetna. Tba; ban, ia addittm b> gnaad whtfa 
tamipe, halt 1 poaad of oka par ihaep pec d^, aad «• giat 
tbam a tittia loag biT ia ncka. I aaotldl na thatttahal 
aeadlotali(h(4iiawingaaad,hat I hope ila Uawiag ia at appad 
BOW. TfeON ia ueUar tUag in a» fading af bonB^ 



*Ut" Ha 



daat aa aaeb n tnyttag pooaildr atn do, tovari* B«pBg 
anrrtUiw like dienboa, ac maiBC onl I kaa* it vat tt* 
ptactfaaof the late Mr. Joan Webb ta do 0*. Bawdto 
lajr, • Bow weald joa. eir, like to be M oi 
beef dtj after daj, tad no la a a u tb h iar bae* 
held that the obaf wa* lb* braad or ngM. 
tad oaaaeqatatlj the eaiaal aot aalj otall with a rdiak. \M 
tbat it uud «poai tb* bomtt ia atajiagaoaaahat tba taaaun 
afaet of Ihe tar^pa. In laadiagtanipe with boggataar with 
tor tbaep, tad when the tbnp oat thatawa tBnifa,it i* 
wail kaowa bow imaortaat it it t* gita plaalp af barA* roaa 
foe tba ihoop to UI ba^ It a«an u th aag h tbe aheap 
ban u inatiDolin kaowlodg* that ttiiMadtliaaBtoatt 
— "-- aid diT and withered tunipe ia Ua aft amn a, to <a» 
-- "^ -^ --aighlhwa 



p^Mi^U 




THE TiMaWB MAGAZINE. 

iti iiBi Tilw if liiiiMi] wh li hr mi 
lkm«ttw«a*. Iki bstabM hm told bi« Uit tb* mot- 
iNfndmJtpMiMttMMk* ii nonjiUa*— ta bu it ii 
niU;di*c«MMi«dwitbtk«ipndM«dboB linMedwk*. 
I BU tM pbHmmb who hin bid npnwv ia Iwdlm 

ittn oiki^ wUl bi good MMKk to nite to u th« bet 

It Uur ban daot. t mold jMnlr ttNtko, «bra 

If •( lKdii( ilw^ tbKt *• bif* (mm! tbu wbM ■onu 



111 



•PMUog<(lKdii(ilw^t 

it KTuuuli wttt boig foreMl nttaw thtnlj.tkar bwa 
Is ito* uaf tom of crrini Bot " Hold hud," UfUB Ead 
•Hogk; n Ota btad Ibcm twj Mnrdj iodwd. I wm lin 
;■ 1 iMt conoeeted ailb ttaii blMdiiic, wbkh ooomd to 
■c. WilUn iha bit lartDifbt «b hul ■ lot irf ataMn Lb (nok 
lemditiM Iku wi wm daoit bightoad. Wt foond m 
Mdi tki fww iB w to au thu wa imnuduldj blid th« 
MbnBikuplr, whil* auar ot tbn could mm(»1T lUnd. 
nafKtkuhcmtlutwtlUTOiiot li»t * HaRit ihMp uau, 
M ku oat of Ihea lilcd uf thiSE. I iMlitTi tbi eoau ol 
Mt a Uu OM iknp wu wophnr. Bj cspwiu blwdiaf 
n naoTid th* mtm wd mtmI tbo Utm ol mt tiIuU* 
>^ n«MituidthalMpMulliiTnTi>POTtuit n■^ 
lir,>K.,tttoiAMlMrit ii maatpiofUUt toullhoigMiia 

'-'"■-^ — ', I tUnk tbii it • t»ij iispli nuertioo, 

H wilhin tbs toowlodjc* oI anrj firawr. 
_r d«pHdi npoD htwlitioi ud cimtm- 
Mmm (BMr, bHi}. UaBwhHiottliit of ibMp 
IW II* lurir ript, ■hieh will con ode of tli«u iroal ud 
budit nU, (bow piMif of bdUod, ul (hit of tiM rifU 
JBlilr. tbM I NJ, "Sy ttsj pgnibio dmuu clip thca." 
Bit il it i« doobtful ha» 7001 bggnti will coid* oat of 
UukaMCd— if then ia •omething aboatlhcm tiiit tinui 
dM 1 *iiow wfaMhar thcj an quite op 10 conditio o—lljsa 
I itaak prmlaiue up, "Don't clip tticm" (Uear. li«ar, 
UH ItHfluer). Wb don't want to enter into the mjatory uf 
Ihtta DUUen (orclur ilua Ihii, becigis (led ^ao viU le' 
lulte Ihi« nuUer. If a ami aeea Oiai hia hoggctti ate oat 
liite op to th* mark, il he hia got plenty ot mangold, aad 

00 caiTj ihtm on bit larera for a lev woelu or monllii, 
ud nulu them ripe, he will be giudad bj circametucQa. 
Italiarslliat arerj ^mer iaths^st judge aa to whetiier 
bibDaldacUbiaaheepiDDiDatoftbeiririHil. Oentleinaa, 

1 hiia now gosB thnto^ the heida of m; ■abjeat, and I 
rtl onlj miieoneor twooonolndiog obasmljuna. The 

(Hcu, lieir). I tiuit I have throitn out sulcrial euongti 
Uaimer that pDrpo(e(Heai, liaai),ind I alBotniat that 
Mij gmtlenjao here preaent will not, oat of a fe«ling o( 
Dmrnni ud conaidcralioo for mx, hare the alighteat 
hmUtioEi in altiDking any ot my weak pointa, bat ihat he 

ot njr addieaa, and glie me an opportnaitT otaatbeiiag 
Iron thia meelinc the inroimatlon which I aeek at jonr 
'uad' (Hear, hear). I would alu beg ot 7011 to tmderiiand 
iliit it il Dot necsBurj in an igriiialtanil diicnuioa to 
nUe a grand and flowing ipeaoh ; tbit ii not what ia 
n^aindi what we wantii, tbit geDttemea ahonldbe good 
uoiuh to tiro oa the benefit ot their opioiona, that ihej 
•luild ilato thaie opiniooa in langaiga with which ihej 
m bmiliar, and then I am goire anre thej will oonTsj to 
DHheliidsu ID thelight inwhichVewiihiohavelhem. It 
Uuf aiU be good enough lo do this the object of ihl* 
■aKtuig will biye beao accompliahed, and S aball bar* bad 
mj reward.— (Mr. Wood«, who had apoken farneatlfan 
^loar and-a-half, reaumed hia aeat amidst loud and pro- 
I'lngtd apple oaej. 

Tli« CHinmn haring inritad diicnuion, 

Mr, Maiuiw laid he waa ante thaj moat all bare bean 
'mlj gratiSed with the verj able addreaa rrom »r. Wooda, 
Mtooljriin looonntot (be clever wajin which he had put 
uc tstgect before them, but alao toe the plain and prac- 
txul koDwladga at which lie had given Ibera the benefit 
IHtai, bear, and chean). Qe began with the aelection of 
'''• twee, into wbiih ha did not go ao full; aa tbej who 
»tte breedera wera obliged to do in making their pur- 
«>aaea. Ha (Mr. MajbewJ belieTad that no ckaaa ot iheep 
ror ^eedln^ halt-bred lamba waa aqnal to the brown facea 
°r BaoiBabm. Ibare waa maoh prejudice agalnat that 
«Md j t^ey wera wid to be bad mothara, but hia ciperi- 
nca had proral Iha tntn»i h» bftd lannd ihem breed 
I<ilttMnaiitlHUHklhMa,md iba Bnlton tbej pro- 



□ppoaad to hi , _ ._ , 

ahaap," and wta aqnallr oppoaed lo giringexlrama prieea ] 
aa in the latter aaia tbaj were limplj pifing the breeder 
lor hia great care and akill, and [or hairing, bf artilcial 
meana, fed ihem ap to a great pitch, whioh waa rerj oflao 
pnjodiciilto the farmer when the abaep were brought an 
to poor BoLli (Hear, hear, and cheers). He thorougblT 
agreed with what Mr. Wooda aaidabontranu. Fnmhateia 
of lamtiB generoUr, he tbougbt, did not pa; that attention 
to breediug which tbej (the aeUcn) had a right 10 eipcct. 
The quahtj of the lamb did not aloce oiike it marketable, 
but the lite, the " apitaniling," aa it waa termed. Ha 
thonght there waa not that inincoiaent for prodno- 
ing good tbinga which there ought to be. He agreed 
with Ur, Wooda in aajring Ihat lursipa were the boat 
food for ewei at the tapping. Lut jtear he (Ur. Majhew) 
was tctj ancceaaful with hia Iambi, hit cwea having 
been fed upon tnrolpa, either entirely or wiih ■ 
email portion of oake. After that leaaon, however, 
thej acarcelj taatad a root. He gate hia aheap cotton 
cake, which Mr. Wooda had condemned, though he 
(Ur. Hajhew) wu not pnpared tu iiy that pollard waa nol 
better, Upon that cake, howerer, hit ewea bad baen 
healib; throuEhont. He began ihonl the niddle of Febraaij, 
and they ooniinoed to eat it nnlil the bttB part ot Jan*. 
Thia jeai ha had draws all the roata off the dark nnbaallhy 
land, aad made op Iha ten) by a certain aBoiiDtot cake. I* 

a ceitiin ailcDt alao ha had iapraved the land. Io~ " 

tain that opoa light astli, which wen Daluiallf a 
unleaa they inpplied a large ai "' -— -■ 



they could a 
he thoBghi too m 



'. aipect to n 



Upon many Unht laail 



fiG." 



the yardt. Upon all light laoda the tar- 

. _- . ba toldad oD, 01 Ibey wonld gat no eon at all. U» 
Majhew] pialairad the noia eapeniiTa way o( diaiN 
iog the root* off, and feeding the bnlloekt ia the yard, 
giiing them a cartaio amaunt of cake to keep np Ihair aiNW 
ditioD. The land trom which the tnndpa were diawn wii 
foldadwith ihcen tad 00 artiBdal bod. Wiihmp«ctt« 
Waterloo Farm he wiahcd for aa exphnatino ; waa it tha 
•oil the ihetp took up while hading Iha roota off tba laad 
that wat injmioii 7 at wu it the qeiuity ot the Inndpa no- 
dneod bj a clayed aoil thai waa nppaaad to be ao f 'rhii 
wat ID impoitant matter, for an aaite Ihnia the loaim wan 
eaorauHu, and la anna aaaaau toak awav tha mcdlt alto. 

SJiei. Be ibenght Ibef oaght to pay m 
eing thair lamba np ta maii'"**'''' 

he thwwbl, abeotd b« gt«*a ia „_,„_^ 

•hould ba drawn off aa aooa ai thay wan old anongb aad lad 
aapantily with eaka ( thn woidd aftarwarda (iid,tha laaka 
•ore uiloim and mon iilnUa than if tbay wan ^ allowed 
U run togatbei, aa wu nltu tbe caaa, tba lainbe baaunioi 
[IroB the Bothar'a want at propar taod) atnatad aad napfodb- 
abta (chaan.) Aa to hoggita, he thought they ahoold be kept 
from the aime ground whara tha *wat had prgnoaalT baia 
mnaing (Htar, heat). What* aheap had been folded, tbn 
gioalh waa rety bunriani, aad to lamb* il waa ^nj anjndl- 
cial {Hear, hear, and chaan). That waa merely an mdividiu 
opiuioB, bnt be eboiild be glad tr ' "■- — " 



Mr. Hditon Ibought it aniiialj dapandadnpni tha locality 
at to what dateriptiona of ahaap wen kept. On poor light 
land fariti the Hampthin would not auwer M> wall aa tha 
black facaa, which trarellad better. Hia abeep bad to walk 
a long way. 

Hr. T. GaTfOBS agread with many nmatka which had 
fallen fnm Ur. Wooda, Ihoegh with aoBB ha did net agraa. 
With Ur. Saltan, ba thought that tha locality materially 
•lleiad tba caae. He did not Ihink Ihaj bad baaa raally 
tpeaking of tba Hampihin Down own, bat of aomalhiDg of 
a etoaa, which waa larmad tha brawn tacaa, which waa thieMa, 
of men enhatanee, and decidedly 1 dowai InTallw 1 Ibtt, 
howevn, made her a bad nntaa. Ualaia the lamb waa MU 
nnraad tor the Ictt aii weaki, aothiog that the* endd da 
aftirwarda would ntiiate the loia of pinpar can aad alteation 
at that lise. Tha Uaekfaaad ewe waa a Mnaikahly good 
aune. Ha did oot can how graal wu tha qnaality of artil' 
dnlfbodt nnlaai tha owe iota fait pmoniaaaflMwodM* 
D( tkt MHl tbay mU Bat £^ tha IwbtkMllfer. Hi. WMlib 



THE FARMER'S HAGA2[NE. 



14S 

ud gMtltnun •!» ten wdl plaetd, did nal 
diOnitliu which mtt ihon wbo hid lugt, poor iigbl [ud 
tncts, Til,, th*t o{ g(ttiii[ a nlBdiDt qautitj of the Diluni 
BndDca of tha loil to gi<e with the iitilcut food (chttn). 
Hi dasd tb« brovnfucd evv, bat thai ho htd not fu to 
t/lTtl Be conlnded Ihil thi food did Dot do lh< Unibi 10^' 
thing like tha food vhso Ihej hid lo tnicl (o it. There iru 
M ^TMtioi ot forcinf tb( f onag lambs od lo the gna cut}, 
with the ide* ot Ibair oeir \tjtra gettmi up ittonf ; bj that 
miBst, howeier, lb» laab w»a itietiiatablf psaiahtd. Urksew 
that Bocknuutaii wan accoMd of not tsktog luffiocnl can in 

nod at thej aliDDLd like at a rauoaable priiM. Whan the 
iambi OD the ifera^ eoit tbem 2>. 6d., 3i. or ii, in HOtlini;, 
that btcame a uriona item in the coit of ta animil which 
npoa Iba aiarage waa onl; worth 2ii. Seaictlj aajthiog eli* 
ooit in the lane pnportioa. Ha had had seaKclf anjlhioj; to 
do with hogi^li, bia abject hanoi been to piodun lamba for 
earl; lala. 8a much DOW wai thought o( liie, that if bejia- 
BiDf he ihonld pnhr to hare bia own cnuai ; he would take 
the best Down tup and tba beat Leiceater ewe, and tbit croai, 
hi Ihoncht, wonld produce the moat mutton and pa; the h»t 
priM (Hear, hear). He, howerer, contended that thejr were 
nunin; too mneh to liie, tad Idalnji Mme ot the benefili of 
qwlitj. 

In lepl; to Mr. Hathiw, 

Mr. T. OiTFOKD »id be btlitnd that ao anlmil of the 
naat ha had mealioned would not be quite an Iirgeaa olherai 

ud that he ihauld make the moit wool and mutton frnm the 
laniB qnintitr of fnod. 

Mi. TuoS. HATTHiWd, Jon., liked aiia, but waa alaa of 
oiriDloo that Iba deacriptitm of abaep depended on tha deacrip- 
UoB of the fann. Black-faced ewet might init Mr. Battoo, 
and on all Large firma ; but on anuU occapationi he liked the 
traWD-facedawca, with qnalilj, and labiEaabeeoaldgat them. 
Heaheold like a Lincaln ran, the beat he could get of Iheim- 
proied breed, and with a ihort-wQiiied ewe he thought he 
could get what ttn ■ ■ ■ - ■ ™ .. . . . 



liabiitr, froe 
it then wen 
thoogh that 



10 halfaponnd of gi 



■fler 



pntt; nearly a pound, 
laialj depended upon how ho wat aitaatel for 
nva. ae (nan let out a field aa a lajer for the Iambi, and aa 
tbsf began to eat the cake ao he ndueid it {tsd the ewei. 
I^mba ilwafa triad to eat theii natunl food — gnai, and Ibejr 
learned to oat it bctora ahaep knew what cska waa— (laughter) 
-~and if thej hid anfflciebt gnu they woald lan paal the 
tnngh ; if, howerar, tba cwea had the aama chance aa the 
lamba, the; would run into the fold; and it lamb* got half-a- 
poimd of caka par da; Iher grew. It the; ware left lo them- 
adfei, aona woold go to the gnaa and othcn to tba cake, and 
Ihcf woald ler; loon pnonl an uneron appaarauee. 

Mr. RoFiR (aid ha had eama than quite ai a laaiuer, and 
ai a jonng flockaattec he had paid gnat attention to the aab- 
Jaat. Ht. Wood) had acaiealr pcorakad ao; diacuaaion, bia 
r i w a r ki having baon ao mneh to the pnrpaae. Tlw onir point 



^g a«Mon hi prefamd oohwoTt at mualard ai 
Bin foniag. They moat bo my mach indeoiao lo m.t. 
Waoda fmr th« ramarfce bi had madoaboat doctorms. It had 
baan too noob lb* citaton if a ihecp waa ailing to kill il. At 
halt niai ahopbarda out of l«i hin a ler; gnU pnjudiee 
•giiait doug ancb to their itaeep. The; hire a few old- 
(aaUoaad waji.but man; of then an foand to be ler; me- 
laei,a>dTei;hwibeep thitaielakeaillenrncofer. With 
frj other daaeiipliaD of animal, if tbeii atock wai ailing the 
TCtariBu; waa called in, aud if poaiible the; were cDrad ; but 
laldoD waa anything dosa to iheep: tbty bad to Uka their 
ehauoe. The remark) Iron Hr. Wooda bad been rer; apropot. 
Tb«T could not can; all thaaa little tocapM in their mindi ; 
bnt ha hoped tha; might hafa as opporlonit; of leeiog tbem 
in print, and b; that mean coorejing then tolhilribtpherda. 
That would ba a new taaton in the mantgement of their 
flocka, and hi hoped that eatnTof them might ba induced to 
t qlboo e nmedioa which Hr. Wooda had hnngbt befon then 

n» CaaiKMAM tboaght it wu qolt* iridnt tbM no 
t«*a* htd ooM than with a lighlad modi* pat under a 



buahal; ctr; ooe had apoten Ui Bind, and withoat aa; 
tBTour towardi the geallenian who had introdncsd thaiabitct, 
and m«t of tbcm bad agned with him in Iba line he had 
taken. He (the chainain) might be laughed at for eocooraji- 
iug thedcacnpliODOf abeepthat hadnot bettinatic<d,a*dhe 
waa pirhap) the ouIypCTaon who kept them ; the; wencnw 
bred ah«p, topped w^lh Oifoid Downa. Tbia waa the int 
;ear he had bred them, and tbenfore be ahould not ipiak 
poaitiTel; a* to the nanlt. All be coold aa; waa that the; 
bad pnd need ai much wool again aathoolhen: the; ml 
lOi. or 12i. leiB, and the; bred more Iambi. Oa uai Ihtue 
occaiion be mi;ht hats an opportunit; of impartini; to tbtai 
the leiult ; if it wai iidafactor; ha sboald go on, itnot hi 
ahould fallback upon the Dowoi, though the Downiwiie 
mlbai difficult to ■" ' ^ '- 









__. Woodi 

(chaen.) An able and pnclicai addrtai bad been diliTned 
b; him, and the meeting bad been ver; saliafactar;. He 
would tbenfhra propoae that the cordial thauka of the meMiig 
ha girta (a Ur. Wood* for baring brought Ihil matter hc[«a 
Ihem, and iIpKal a hope that whenerer an; autjfct migbl 
afnia be anhmiitcd to them, the; might mret wit^ ii able ti 
eapoDout of it ai Mr. Wooda (Isod cbeeri.) 

Mr. Wooua, who wai receind with renewed appliiw 
thanked tba mailing for ao kiudl; endoning what the chainm 
bad laid, and for the ver; patient and kind bearing that thrr 
had giaen him. He waa eitmntl; glad that the remuki 
which he had obicd had met wilb their apprnTal. Htrtui^ 
go from that room ttrengthenid ia bia liewa, feeling aure Ibat 
tbe; had been expounded befon a bad; of men who wen tdt 
able to judge whether tboie remaika wne tni in pracliet v 
not, and who, if tha; differed from bin, would ban leld bia 
wten be wa* wrong. It wonld ba atfecting a nodaatjwUck 
he aould not eonfoai to foel, if bo did not aa; that he tdt 
eitiemal; prand ot thdr approval. Ha ini|^>, peihvii i° 
candnaion, hi petmittad to naka on* ot two tit; abert ahwi- 
Tatioue upon what h«d fallen froa geatlemin who had ipokn. 
He thanked thorn nrj modi tor having atalid their opintaoi, 
from which he waa ran the; wonld all nap a beaelL Hr. 
Ma;hew waa comet ia thiakieg it wia not right to piT tn> 
much for fat. It needed a man with a ken diMriaiulist 
i;a to be able to detect the pdnta, the qnalit;, aad tba 
peculiar merit) ot a breeding eie. 1 hat man would beoM 
a lucceaalnl pnrctaaaEr, bceaoK he knew what lo look for, ud 
where Co find it. Fat tir; liequentl; cOTered 1 mnliilodc of 
faullB (Hear, hear). With what Hr. Hayhaw bad uidalMiit 
■iie and quality, arei; pnclical man auat agiH, and •itt 
reipeet to cotton caka it waa ixtieniel; probable tlut Be (Hr- 
Woodil did not KCt cotton cake at all ; Ihenfon, he tboald 
not dispute the practice, or la; that Mr. Ma;bew wu wreaj, 
beciuae it waa qmte sufficient that Hr. Ha;bew wu aaliticd 
with the practice. He onl; hoped that othctt might be mvi 
tortanate than bimull in then tnt eut; oi cotton ob. 
Witb nipBCt 10 the point on which BIr. Ha;hew drtind ■ 
nplaoition, he aaid that cwea on following hugcta nait 
oeceaiarily take ap an uaoant of aoil which wouMpivdiim a 
certain imoBot of irtitation ot Iha bo wda.tbongh not ulliae^ 
to oanie abortion if the; bad aooniideiabliamonntof diyfrn 
giien to them. He had merel; put it a* a inggntioa, ud 
aiked for inTormatloo. When tbej ted thair ewea DB Ik) 
Waterloo Fkrm, the tnrnipi wen not cot; aad Hi. DaaliaiE 
did the aam* lut year. Mi. BnnliDg baa tbia year adoilat 
the wiie picctutiua of puUiag all hia turnip) for )aD) dijt 



hoggeta and ewea e, . 

Ihe top became wilhend, Ihe aap diiiipated, aad Ibe ei 
elTecIa conaiderabl; ramcdied. He donblid whether Au 
praetioe would do in veiy aatera wtatbn ; hot up to thii tiat 
it waa emioiutly auceeaifal. Mr. Mayhei'a lenaib u ta 
the eiil elTeeta prodnead h; the lamba innning too tkkklj, 
tboionghl; bon out hi) (Hi. Wood)') oplaion —i "* 
opinion which mnat ham baan formed by etarybod; aho kia 
to do with the breedbg ot lamba. Ut. SaUou'i reaiiiU 
wen to tha purpoaa, and ancouagtd them into dimMiah j 
bnt h) (Mr. Woida} had nan r attempted to deny bullHl 
loealii; onght to rule a faimtt'i pnetiee. He belietfd tha 
blickfand ewe wu i good working aheep \ bnt he "°|'°,|° 

■tni^taning Ibe back? Hr. Qayford, who &d aiu 4^ 



db, Google 



■Bit rd* iMbnntai. II*(ICr.Woadi) did not den* llwt, 
Int lie did dear that tanii|M VMa thi nitonl food of ibatp 
IHai. knr). Bt tlnmii b« mj (onj Id uj that they coald 
kttp thnr Iscki wilbmit tumipi : tMj CDuld not ds I^— it 
«u inpoiriblE : bnl irhil h> did coDdad vat that, i( Ibtj 
■Ml gi» tBRiipr. Itoj ilioild KiTB •oDulhiDg to corcect tbe 
((Kt«fthim. It tbcj could giia Ibcu uothing clii, they 



TflE FARMER'S MAGAZINE. 

L*ie«rt«T MX BBd 



Aif. Ml, QejrfMd doubttd 


mTmuehifpe 


tare wa. K»d 
»ptatioa g( the 


btlUBbe; uJ, ukini ilin 


the p»p.r U, 


Uta be beberid tMt putunt 


wu the »[t w 


out Ihirif thej 




d,b.-.;.o4 


br binii< dam to: be lan 


t Lye.*, -1«D 


he li(fote tpoke 


•1 putarM. He bnd the re 




.oeie lead, hi 


rttthbejerefS uiK^i . 


d !.*I ,«, be 


leoteomelanbi 


don to Met putoie, which 


e eoaiidend w 


mid Duth them 


•hmf. l^j did DOt mike eo much pmsreee, by'lhirlj per 


B.I.. u ebaH linbi which 


wen on Uod 


at £1 per acre. 


wbui ihtj we« catmit lt,« 


eDd OBly the 




ak. (cbeen). Mt. Q.,/ori 


«(Dt in lor 


what he callod 


■|iar«ilhe(Mr,WoaJ.) 


noreutd thit h* ■» 1 perfect 




had written ao 


•rticbi ii one oF the ■Krieullu 




the Bmilhfirtd 


ClKbCatUe 8ha«; end ehe 


■■Tiec thai 


rerjthios wai 




■■ihtm'i iheep 


were per lection. 


tteHl}baltk*h«HDiemiD 


■ed by |[»d ] 


nlgee wai thit 


tk,r lie tM big (Unghtec). 


It WB1 1 miat 


k« Is apply th< 


■Old '■ wt" M ibecp. Bu 


maiDl weight. That iheep 


piMHl the ant we wbb 


h wiiehed U 


m«t (or the 


biteter (Beer, hut, end chieii). Thif we 


ted aheep poi- 


•liiiag Ibeee quliCiei which 


would brinB 


thtm the noit 


a«»]r lor the laul ootlaj. 


With leepeet to Mr. Qejrord'e 



(JCr. Oajrocd] hid 
«.b uim • -u- K.IM the Ubla, ta eaj that ha did not wiih 
for the eieluiion of nil othei breeiti (oi eroiiiaE. Hii eign- 
oeot wet that he beliercd, froB a Leienter e«t asd a Down 
lup, more malloB coutd be got thao (loia any othei croie, el- 
thoagh h« eboiild heiitale beTore he adapted theo. Ha did 
net meao to iij that a Lcieeiter ewe itonid b« the beit ta 
keep ipon a (atm, bat that it would produce the moat mut- 
ton. On paot-ioil (inai Leieratei ewei would oat lire, >i 
Ibey had not laScieBl loconatin power : they woald be per- 
fectly put oat by ioeie of the htowafaced oi aouthdowD 
■beep. There could be no quaition that Mr. Mtyhcw ipok* 
vithaulborit;; and he (Hr. WoodO eonid oulj add to that 
{eatlemaii B remirh, that of courie, il they gtrt eike to tha 
e»e, it iniproTtd tne qailily of Iho nilk, and conieqoeDliy 
had a good eSeet npon the lamb. He bopad that Mr. Ropci 
would bin the f oodnNt, far the lake of tbat loeiety, to tn 
the effect of dry lirai upon bi> aim, and tell them bI then 
u«t mefltiuK how ha wai iatiiSed with it. He bad mada 
wma Ttry pertinent remuki aa id Che want of knowledge !■ 
the trattieenl oliickiy ewei. II hit (Mr. Woodi'i) prtKrip- 

ilngle Bheep, he ihouH be delighted. Of Mr. Barlui'i eroea- 

'"'iili be could only aiy that they did bim ailher infinita 

" or greit aedit I ' ' 



endi 






might k 



ol Beit addraealDg thtm. ha hoped tbqi might find aa 
kind, coBiiderate, aid agweabto eompinj aa ha had daoa 

Tba diicuiiioD then terminated : ud the Cuaikiian la- 
nonneed tbat tha neit neeling would be heU in the middle 
of March, ias4. 



COLONEL FiraWYGRAM'S DIRECTIONS FOR SHOEING HORSES. 



Tiihoe hones with ordinary taet we would snggeit Ibe 
fdlhiwing diieotloas to the tarrier : — 

IjL With your diawing-knife take off ftom the ground 
intfue of the crait ag rnneh as may repreaeot a month's 
^■Ih, Rsmember tbat there it generally a far more rapid 
powth of bom at the Ids than at eiihtr tha heel* or Che 
iiuiters. Mora, therelbre, will require to ha taken oS tha 
iw ihsn off otbar pirtaj in other worda, shorten the toa. 
Bsemfnl to make the beels leiaL Hanng lowered the 
~ extant with thekiiife,smootbitdowD 



Znl Bonad off ibe lower edga of the cmst with tha 
rup. Do Ibis carefallj and thoroogblj. It a sharp edge 
Ik left, the cmat will b« apt to split sad ohip. The pra- 
ptruioioF the fool is now complete. It remains lo fit the 
ihoe ta the .foot. 

M. Let Ibe (hoe be made with a nanow wab (j-inoh), 
°( neu width all ronnd, except at tha heeli (aee dircellon 
Ng. 9), daC towarda the aolet and oonoare to Iha groond. 

Uh. TsRi np tba toe of the thoe on the bora of the 
•mil. Tha degrca of " inrn-np * mnat be regnlated by 
■tui pn End neEeaaarj in each bona to make the wear 
'xsrly eren all orrr the shoe. It will bo (band in practice 
thai aBtl honaa take mtigh aboDt the samt degree of 



mnp. 



n each shoe — 



Ml Make ftea ooimter-aank nail 
^ thr«e on tha oataide, atid two on the iniide. Uact 
Ue aalerior hole oa each aide immediately poslerioi: to the 
" lun op," Let the second and third hole* on Che nnltiJe 
liridf ereoly the remaining space on the heel. Lei the 
'mad hole on the inside be oppoeilo to tha lecond hole on 
t^ ontnde. 



'ih. Rt ih« shoe accnrataly to the toot. It a 



la^e aa the tall nnrssped emst, but no part most project 
beyond. The shoo moat be aoailnaed completely ronni 
towarda the heels, a* far as the omit extends. 

6th. The web most be narrowed st tha beels, so Ihat its 
inside edge may oarer the line of the bars, and no more. 

9th. Slope oS the heel* of iha shoe in the same direollon 
ai the heflli of the cruat, so a* to preTent the posaiUlily of 



.mplelely 



n Ibe hiiid shoe, 



1 1th. Tvlat off the olanehee as short and stubby sa poa- 
aiUr, and lay them down flat with the hammer, and let the 
pinoeiB during thia time be firmly pressed agunat the heads 
of the nails. The olencbea are not lo ba filed either before 
or after tarning down, doi is b ledge lo be made in tha 
Cmat to reoeira the clenches. For or dlnary bind feet tba 
pattern of sh'>e in common aie li reoommendad. but with 
a ollp on eseb aide, immediately aolerior to the fiist nail, 
iosteid of one only at the toe. This donble oUp' keeps the 
shoe steadier in iti plnoe than the single. The weh should 
he made aomawhat wider at the loe than at other parts, in 
order to allow spsce for the thorough ilopiag of its inner 
edge, as recommended aadei the head of Oier-lleich. 

For (easoui which bSTC been atraaily giplained, the hind 
foot does noCroqoiieto be shortened at the toe like the fore 
foot; bnt the other directioni airen abo»a — namely, as 
regarda Inwaring the omat, ronnding Its lower edge, aeon- 
rata Biting without ruping, punohlnglbe nsil boleseosna, 
nwliag, and clenching witb the total absence of raaping, 
paring, opening Ibe heehi, cutting away Che frog or ban, 
&0.— apply equally lo hind at to fore fwt. Six nails— ru., 
three on each tide— are uBoded for thehindataoe. Without 
the" third nail on the in side, shoes are apt to " twist" on 
the feet. Tbo horte is now shod. Nothing more must be 
done for the sake of what is sometimes oiled appasraaoe. 
The bait Iron only ahonld be need tor shoe*. Oood iron 
makes a light shoe wesr as long as a hearler ona of in- 



„ Google 



THK FAUIKR*8 H&OAZIKB. 



THE AUSTRALIAN COLONIES, THEIR CONDITION, RE80UBCK8, 
AND PROSPECTS. 



Ths scbject of the Anitralkn CdIoiugi. thair eondition, 
KaoOTcea, and prospecti , iru brought before the Society 
of Arta, at a recent ordinur meeting, bf Sii Chirla 
Ttichalioa. Iliu ii a. topic which hu often occapied at- 
tdLtian in oar GDlamni, although not in the collective 
TiBW taken, beeuua it ii atteil; ^poiuble to do anyUiing 
likejiutwe tooitlMr of theaeren or ai|^ coloniw b; tbii 
MUwtiT* grouping. ToAnitnliathee^of a Ur^ num- 
ber of En^iihmen are natnrally tuned, ai well on account 
of OBT great dqieadenejr on it for wool, as foi the extent 
of the trade we carry on with that quarter, and the fact 
that to many of oni population hare relatdm uttled there. 
The prEKnt population of one and a quarter million ionla 
Kttlad there, ii now being added to at the rate of 20,000 
to 80,000 annnallj tmrn ^gland. The aggregate external 
trade of Aoattalia (importa and axporta) now exceed* fifty 
uillioiu ateriitig. The nlao of the produce imported 
tram tbenee, oiclaaiTe of gold, reachu ■eren or eig^t 
miUiona ; wlUlrt bat year we aent there Britiah good* and 
mannfkctnrea to the anannt of twelve milhoui. 

Of the magnificent agricnltoral capabilitiea of Ana- 
tralia, in ita wheat, nuuie, and other cereali, we have 
apoken on previona ocisaiona ; but there are other im- 
portent prodncta yet to be develDped ; and the Society of 
Aril, with that interest in behalf of the colonies which it 
has always mHnifeated, ia endeavouring (o stimulate pro- 
doction by the offer of preminnu. Among othen o^red 
in their premium-liat juat issued, are — Ibr the auccessful 
introdnelian into the Australian Cobnie* of coffee cultiva- 
tiOD ; for the production and raanoboture of not leas than 
one ton of cane sngar ; for tlie eitenaion of tjibacoo enl> 
lore 1 for the introduotiDn of the Ailantbus silkworm, and 
the jnodudjon of not less than one bale of aiJk ; for the 
produetton of flax of a good marketable quality, a sample 
bale to be sent ; and for tbe iutrodnctian of apiee-treea, or 



land, the Colonial Onvenunent giving a bounty of 8d. 
on every pound prodneed ; end, whh a sca-coMt of 
1,SOO uulei, and a favonrable eUmate, all that la really 
required ia labonr, to enable them to meet ths wanta of 
the Britiah manu^ctnrera. 

Mr. Baker, luapedor of FaeUrin, in one of bit latiat 
offiirial report!^ calla atlenliiHi to the defieiKiey of raw 
BUteritL The growth of lai, he obeema, appean to be 
daereMing nemfhere whenee we hare hitherto been 
anpphed ; and though an annual knowledge of the acreage 
•own ia as eaaential to the vitality of the linen trade, as 
where cotton ia to come &Dm is to the cotton trade, the 
nowth of flax i* exciting no very eitraordinary attention. 
The change* taking place in igricalture, and the diminu. 



tion of eottier fun*, which are peculiarly favourable to 
Su eoltivktion, owing to the chcapneH of home labour, 

' " * " " prepared in Ih 

important. Ii 
nBootland the 



have beai given up ; is Ireland they luve beoi eoUeci 
for yean by Mr. DonncUv, in a most satiBbd 
— a proof of what might be done elaewhere. 



for yean by Mr. bonncUv, in a most SBtisbctory 

1- -. ^jjj( might be done elsewhere, 

t of foreign flax show already a very large 
defioteiKy " 



defioteiKy this year sa compared with the eorre^onding 

period il last. In the ten months of the preeent 

-" the decrease has been 231,800 cwts. If there ahonld 

I flu limine m then haa bean a cotton Eunine, we 



should again auSer extreenely, with the eonsoiouiiEis Ibsl 
by a titUe timely fbrethonght thoae sufferingi m^t ban 
been eUeviateJ, if not averted. A company wai ttartd 
in Yorkahire early in the year, including aome Sai mill- 
ownera, for the purpoaa of collecting Aai in thii aniOj 
from the formeia, and preparing it for the trade ; bid Ibt 
oompaoy hii hem hrt^en np, for want of eneoungiaeal 
even tram the trade iladf. 

So also with r^ard to the atktiatiea of the ptodnetioi if 
EngliihwooIweareeadlvdefideDt. We ^uea that then il 
a sheep to an acre on all the farm lands m Euiliad ; lai 
whether it ia ao or not, we are totally in the dark. Bnt br 
Anatrelia, and, even with Auattalia, but for ngaredactdlo 
wool again and re-mannfactured, and foietgn yarn, niu; of 
our woollea mills wonldlong ago h»a been ate ituil' 
atill. With the inereaae of emigration to AoatraUa, on- 

Saent on the land bovntiea ofbred by aevenloFlii 
3nies, the pnidnetion of inml ia inenaiing. Ne> 
pasturage is found, and the continent has been trsTcBcd 
from north to south and from east to weat, alUun^ 
mach of the interior is yet nnknown. In the last Sn 
yean the quantity of wool we have received direct from 
Australia has risen from GO million pounds to ncad; 
Tit miUioa pounds, and the impoita this yesr uc 
already much larger than thoae of last year. 

InUie face of this immense production of so importaaU 
staple, it wta curious to see present it the maatiDg of tbe 
Society of Arte Sir Sdward Macarthnr, the first ahipptr 
of the small qnanUtr of 2 cwt. of wool in 1807. And 
the preaent ahipmonta of 83,000 tons of wool msjU re- 
garded 0* the product of a few score pure moinotbHp 
that were, in anticipation of their suitability to tbe Ant- 
tralian climate, introduced into New South Wales b; u 
eotetprisiog and far-sDeing oolouiat, the lata John Use- 
arthur, £aq. The aheap of the AnstraliancoloniisbsTt 
now increased to abont 86 millions, and aa the labour d 
one man will on the average snfflee for takiag can U 
1,000 aheep, ocenpying on area of dght or ten squsR mil", 
and pasturage is abundant, there ia ao appreciable limit 
to the exten^n of flocks. Scoattlng, that is to aj liicf 
and cattle farn^ng on nnaoldlanda, rented in large bkcb 
from lie Goveraraent, has, espcdally within the laat «" 
years, been the moat remnnemtivB pursuit carriei oa 
in Australia. The euonnoos increase of their fiocki sal 
hards, the vast territory Ihey oocnpj, and the Dilioml 
importance of what they prodoce, ara well known. Geatlc- 
men bom England, witaout experience, profetaiousl vm 
turning to the Bosh rather thautotiieir profesaiDni, men 
of capital or education, or neither, or both— reproaenliti™ 
of all these elassca have grewn wealthy by squatting ; ud 
that not in isolated oases, bnt almost aa a gouaal rale, 
Kay, yoa End plenty of rich squatters who it ia plfSHC 
could not hare cot on in any tuSaag dantaniling mith 
mental power, either natural or aoqnired, men who ban 
been fortunate enough to take to tbe one pnraoit in vlucs 
the; could not help maldng money in ajrite of thonwlrte. 

These remarks must, however, be quslifled by tbe ad- 
mission that such success haa only attended those sbo 
have luckily obtained good runs, and hare held tbcm 
during tiie Usttenyca < ■ i i— i —.(—». 
perjty to (ha sqnattoi. 
the race hat ■ "- 
btttUtothe 



the squatten. In this pnraDit, at in moat ethctt, 
hat not been invaritlbly ta tbe drift, nor t^ 
Lhettrongi ud in advene linM, and ondertd- 
nmitaiiGaa some eneigetie and able mn hare 



zcdbjGoogle 



TBB VAJOSKm HAOAKINB. 



1« 



MlpcnaiU. Prior to ttielMt tea ;«K»,tlie 
u b; no mau u proaperooi H it hw udm 
DNUie. Huiy tqutlan wen tbea in difficnlties, tad 
mntofUum wua in debt to tlieii town agentii but 
uM tben tbe IbUm Ims b«n tuned. 

I> Nnr Sootli Wilei iboiil 50,000,000 ures an held 
ndn kae, ahiafif (or pHtoni pmpoM*. Some tit t^e 
rau in tb« intttior aompiiM 210,000 to 500,000 acni ; 
ud t^ qointit; o[ cattle snd iheep pgueued fa; the 
^ltSU3% of tJiu coliKi; iroold gin an avange of more 
tki KTcn bMd of bonud cattle aai aenatttn iheap (or 
noj Ban, woman, Mid diild in Um coIodj. Tbe new 
nitrnj of QiiBwiaTand, aridrsntlf a paatonl ooontr;, is tbtt 
■ben Aof bnung ia now Uu moat uuoeaaAil, and wo