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Full text of "Brockton and its centennial"

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COPYRIGHT DEPOSIT. 






Brockton and Its Centennial 






Chief Events as Town and City 
1821-1921 



The Organization and Story of its 

One Hundredth Anniversary 

June 12-18, 1921 



WARREN P. LANDERS 

Editor 



Published by the City of Brockton, Massachusetts 
1921 



F74 

.13 1 



Copyright, 1921 
By the City of Brockton, Massachusetts 



DEC > 



Issued by 

The Standard Printing Company 

Brockton. 

Illustrations made by 

F. O. Clark Engraving Company 

Boston. 



©CU654163 



COMMITTEE ON CENTENNIAL BOOK 



Merle S. Getchell, Chairman 
Appointed May 10, 1921 

Organized into working" groups : 
Text and Illustrations Warren P. Landers, Chairman 

Suzanne Cary Gruver Frank H. Whitmore 

Production William T. Card, Chairman 

Frank L. Erskine Harris W. Fleming 

Distribution George H. Leach, Chairman 

Merle S. Getchell William D. Thomas 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Greetings from Men of Eminence 13 

1821— Brockton's Cycle— 1921 14 

Mayors Interpret City's Progress 31 

Records in Shoes 33 

Bryant and Brockton 39 

Organizing the Centennial 45 

Officers and Committees 46 

Program and Budget 53 

Centennial Week 55 

The Formal Opening, Sunday 55 

Pulpit Messages 64 

Concert and Community Sing 71 

Decorations and Exhibits, Monday 74 

The Porter Memorial Service, Tuesday 79 

Fraternal Night, Tuesday 87 

The Pageant of Brockton 90 

Organization and Budget 92 

First Production. Wednesday 98 

Second Production, Thursday 101 

The Text of the Pageant 106 

The Cast 163 

High School Commencement, Friday 177 

The Street Carnival, Friday 185 

Sports Program, Saturday 186 

High School Alumni Dance, Saturday 193 

Financial Statements 195 

For Centennial Week 195 

For the Pageant 197 

Retrospect and Appreciation 198 

The City of Peace 200 



NOTE 



In presenting this Book of BROCKTON AND ITS CEN- 
TENNIAL, the Editor desires to express appreciation for cour- 
tesies extended by the State, the Maiden and Brockton Libraries 
for privileges in research ; and to the Brockton Enterprise, The 
Transcript and The Boot and Shoe Recorder of Boston, for articles 
originally written by him for their columns. 

Thanks are also due The Brockton Enterprise and The Brock- 
ton Times for the free use of news material in preparing The 
Story of Centennial Week ; to the Brockton Chamber of Com- 
merce for office and stenographic service ; to the photographers 
co-operating in producing the illustrations which greatly add to 
the permanent value of this Book ; and to all others whose dis- 
interested aid has been freely given. 



LIST OF HISTORICAL ILLUSTRATIONS 

Page 

North Bridgewater, 1838 2 

North Bridgewater, 1 844 6 

Deed of Purchase, 1649 10 

Sachem Rock 12 

The Old Brown Church 16 

The First Mayor of Brockton 22 

Brockton, 1921 (2) 30-76 

The Old Red Shop 32 

The Bryant Homestead 39 

Porter Memorial Service 80 

The Centennial Poster 86 

From Pageant Episodes : — 

Nature Spirits 114 

Indian Encampment 117 

The First Settler ...124 

Rev. John Porter and Congregation 126 

The First Town Meeting 131 

Mis' Jones' School 134 

The Quilting Bee 137 

The Old Stage Coach 138 

Veterans of the Civil War 142 

Visit of Christine Nilsson (2) 146-148 

William Cullen Bryant Group 152 

The Brockton Fair T55 

Arrival of the City 157 

Children of the Bryant Group 167 

Going to Church 167 

The Eldon Keith Field 188 

The City Personified 200 







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1649. DEED OF PURCHASE OF LAND NOW INCLUDING BROCKTON 













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Courtesy of the Bridgewater Historial Society. 



MEN OF EMINENCE SEND GREETINGS 



Through the thoughtfulness of the BROCKTON 
ENTERPRISE, the City received congratulatory 
messages from high officials of State. 



Brockton's celebration of its Centennial Anniversary beginning 
today, will remind the Nation of the wonderful industrial progress 
our Country has made in the past century. As one of the repre- 
sentative industrial cities, whose name suggests everywhere an 
industry in which America heads the world, I extend greetings 
and congratulations to Brockton, and wish it more centuries of 
prosperity and progress. 

Warren G. Harding, President. 

My heartiest congratulations to the City of Brockton on its 
Centennial celebration. It represents one hundred years of cour- 
age, industry and development and true Americanism. 

Calvin Coolidge, Vice-President. 

I take a deep interest in all the towns of old Plymouth County. 
There is none which has had a more remarkable career and built 
up a greater prosperity than that which has become the City of 
Brockton, famous everywhere for its industries and manufac- 
tures. 

Henry Cabot Lodge, Senator. 

May the City of Brockton continue to grow and prosper as 
she has during the past 100 years. Above all, may she continue 
to give to our country enlightened and patriotic citizens to serve 
loyally and courageously in time of trial, and intelligently and 
devotedly in time of peace. 

David I. Walsh, Senator. 

Hearty congratulations on past success and best wishes for 
continued and ever-increasing prosperity to the greatest shoe city 
in the world. 

Louis A. Frothingham, Coneressman. 

Massachusetts congratulates her splendid daughter, Brockton, 
upon her happy one-hundredth anniversary. May Brockton, 
justly proud of her history, face with courage the future, and 
may contentment and happiness be the lot of her people. 

Channing H. Cox, Governor. 

13 



1821— BROCKTON'S CYCLE— 1921 

A Story of Men and Women and Notable Events 



This year is famous in the Old Colony. Yet the Pilgrim does 
not absorb all the glory — give him his due. Grandsons were also 
pioneers. So that the modern city of Brockton — the largest com- 
munity, as it is the only municipality, in Plymouth County — 
celebrated its first cycle in June, 1921. Of course, this is true 
after explanations : for it has been a city only forty years and 
it was not christened Brockton. Of this paradox more later. 
We are setting before you the Story of the Years, so far as space 
will permit. Because of this limitation, many periods can be 
but mentioned ; important personages must be passed by for 
greater, and the century must necessarily be seen from the point 
of view of a single mind. 

Early Chronicles 

For merchandise having a value today of about $30 (pre-war 
coinage), Massasoit parted with virgin soil and forest land, rock- 
ribbed, and inhabited by wild life. The purchasers were Duxbury 
free-holders, among whom was Myles Standish. The deed was 
signed March 23, 1649, at Sachem's Rock in East Bridgewater, 
near what has been locally known as the Carver Cotton Gin 
Company. The territory included what was called by the In- 
dians "Satucket," and it covered fortv-nine square miles. This 
was later the tenth town in the Old Colony and named Bridge- 
water by its new owners, after a town in Somersetshire, England, 
from which staunch Puritans emigrated to America. In 1700, 
settlers came into what was after called the North Parish, organ- 
ized their Church, built their meeting house in 1737, called Rev. 
John Porter as minister in 1740 (see pp. 79-84), chose a Com- 
mittee of Twelve (1746) on "improving ye school for the futer," 
and thus began a career as a separate community within the 
jurisdiction of the Old Town. 

Iluskings, raisings (with the accompaniment of moistenings), 
quiltings, sings, and bees supplied some diversion from the hard 

14 



tasks of providing food, shelter, clothing, and fuel. Hospitality, 
though generous, was simple in its fare. Fresh meat was a 
rarity in the earlier days ; potatoes were just introduced. Wooden 
ware often predominated, even to spoons, in the less well-to-do 
homes. Drinks were plenty — malt, beer, cider, toddy, and flip 
formed parts of that vocabulary which the XVIII Amendment 
in our day has relegated to the limbo. Family names which 
abounded in the community up to and after the Civil War days 
were Kingman, Howard, Keith, Cary, Hayward, French, Gurney, 
and Dunbar. So the fore-runners of Brockton met their daily 
tasks and problems with courage and good purpose. 

The parish centered in the Church — it was the meeting-place 
for all community affairs as well as for worship. The original 
house was occupied, though not finished till 1749. Floor space 
was sold and seats built as required. Windows gave light, and 
the only heat. A more complete account of minister and Church 
will be found on pages 79-84. 

The native boulder which is seen before the present First 
Parish Church on Pleasant Street was dedicated in 1913 by the 
Deborah Sampson Chapter, D. A. R., to commemorate the soul 
of '76. The Church Green was the training field in those martial 
days. Sons of men who had been in Indian and French wars 
were of fighting stock and ready in behalf of the Colonial cause. 
Responding to the alarm of Lexington, the men of the Parish 
heroically bore their part ; the women caring for the homes and 
farms in their absence. We are told that John Porter, Jr., in 
his father's place, was giving the weekly lecture at the Church, 
sixteen days after the Concord fight, when the militia was sum- 
moned to Weymouth. He dismissed the meeting at once and 
reported for duty. This was the spirit of the times and of this 
community. 

The Beginnings of a Hundred Years 
July 4, 1821, when James Monroe was President, North Bridge- 
water held its first town meeting. Nearly two hundred voters 
participated. Joseph Sylvester was moderator. The first Select- 
men were : Howard Cary, Zachariah Gurney, Abel Kingman. 

15 




THE OLD BROWN CHURCH 

Erected, 1S53 :: Burned, 1S94 . 

Third Successor of Earliest Meeting House of the First Parish. 



The clerk was Edward Southworth, also treasurer. For the 
schools, $625. was appropriated to be expended in eleven districts. 
As educational life developed, private schools found their place : 
"Mis' Jones's" (1831-1867), which started most of the children of 
that period on their way to attainment, was prominent. In the 
latter half of the century, Mrs. Sarah E. (Lewis) Fellows opened 
a beginners' school in her home at the corner of L and Warren 
Ave. (then Pond St.). At the other end of the ladder were the 
Adelphian and Hunt Academies, the predecessors of the High 
School which opened in September, 1864. Its early principals 
included Alfred Laws and Alonzo Meserve. In 1871, Edward 
Parker assumed headship and remained for more than thirty 
years, popular, efficient, kindly in disposition, sympathetic and 
helpful to all. The school opened in a former Academy, Main 
Street, opposite Linden, but was removed in 1871 to the Central 
School, now the site of City Hall. In 1885, Whitman School, 
Main Street, where the Library stands, was remodeled for High 
School purposes. The great buildings now occupied on Warren 
Ave., were completed in the years 1906, 1911 and 1917, and 
supply a plant equal to any in the State in accommodations, 
equipment, and practical usefulness. The school enrolment for 
1921-22 is 2034, with a faculty of eighty. 

The railroad came to town in 1846. It connected with the Old 
Colony line at South Braintree, running through Randolph, 
Stoughton (now Avon), North Bridgewater to Bridgewater. 
Joseph O. Bennett was the first station agent. Among his suc- 
cessors was James Hermon French, now of East Orange, New 
Jersey, whose recent contributions to the Centennial literature 
have been widely read and appreciated. Just before the Town 
began its hundred-years dash, a joint stock comoany controlled 
a stage operating three times weekly between Bridgewater and 
Boston. This two-horse carriage, formerly belonging to Gov- 
ernor Phillips, was driven by Col. Nathan Jones, the newly-made 
husband of "Mis" Jones who afterward kept the boarding kinder- 
garten of that time. True to the traditions of all stage-coaches, 
it was eagerly watched for, both because it conveyed the mail 
and brought news from the outside world. 

The postoffice was opened in 1816, taking the place of post- 
rider, market-wagon, or private conveyance. Charles Packard 

17 



received from President Madison die honor of being the first in 
a line of postmasters. The Office was in his store between 
present Ward and Franklin Streets. Boxes were introduced after 
1829. Postage to Boston was six cents, to New York eighteen 
and three-quarters cents. The yearly income of the Office at 
this period was about $40. 

The Bridgewater Patriot and Old Colony Gazette appeared 
in Town August 22, 1835, George H. Brown, publisher. From 
1848-1851, The Old Colony Reporter had a brief career. The 
North Bridgewater Gazette, which had a long and useful exis- 
tance, appeared first in 1851 with George Phinney as editor. He 
sold his interests twelve years later to Augustus T. Jones, who 
for many years continued to edit this well-remembered paper 
from the old plant at the corner of Ward and Main Streets. 

The forerunner of the present finely-equipped Public Library 
was a "social library" raised by subscription just after the 
Revolutionary War and housed in private homes. Its last libra- 
rian was Col. Edward Southworth. Early in the '40's, under 
legislative enactment appropriating $15. for the purchase of books 
for school districts, the local school authorities met the condition 
attached, raising a like amount, and secured a few books for 
public uses. The several Library Associations which followed, 
have been succeeded by the Public Library, established in 1867, 
now domiciled in the attractive Carnegie Building dedicated eight 
years ago. The first Town Library was in the Studley Building, 
corner Main and High Streets. Later it was on Green Street 
in what was then known as the Puffer Block, afterwards in 
Satucket Block, then in City Hall. 

Brockton's splendid No-License record of thirty years had 
its origin back in the time when, in face of custom, it organized 
( 1825 ) a branch of the American Temperance Society. The 
attitude of the public mind generally can best be seen in the vote 
passed at a Parish Meeting in October, 1800, forbidding "the 
peddling of liquors on the green" for the great occasion, a week 
later, of the ordination of Asa Meech as minister ! In 1829, 
the Town appointed a committee "to prevent the improper itse 
of ardent spirits" and also directed the Selectmen to "post the 
names of such persons as, in their judgment, drink too much." 

18 



The matter of fire-protection early enlisted the interests of 
the community. In 1827, an engine was purchased by subscrip- 
tion and operated by a private company. It was "Union No. 1," 
a "bucket-tub" to be filled by hand. This, with a hook and ladder 
carriage, constituted the department until 1846 when the Town 
voted to secure two improved engines. A few years later (1853), 
the ability and genius of the Town was tested in the serious fire 
which menaced Campello, destroying South Church, dwellings, 
and shops. The loss was $50,000, with slight insurance. 

The industrial life of the Town had already started on the road 
of progress. This important subject is considered at length on 
pp. 33-38. 

The Civil War Period 

In common with many New England communities, there were 
in Old Bridgewater a few slaves : that is, they were not free-born 
and were "property" of their masters. In 1820, there were 
twenty-three colored people in the North Parish. But the State 
Constitution forbidding traffic and ownership had freed all slaves 
in Massachusetts in 1780. In the early days, so Bradford King- 
man tells us, anti-slavery propaganda did not here "meet with 
that favor which it received in many other places."* However, 
with the involving of the question with political parties, North 
Bridgewater easily set herself right in votes for Andrew and 
Lincoln. 

When the call came for volunteers in April, 1861, the New 
Jerusalem Church was crowded, and in response to addresses 
and appeals more than a hundred men enlisted for service. A 
large percent of the roster of Co. F, 12th Regiment, was local 
men. Col. Fletcher Webster, son of Daniel, and after whom 
Post 13 is named, was in command. The Company recruited 



* History of North Bridgewater, to which, with History of 
Brockton, the Editor is indebted for valuable information. 

19 



here, left town April 29th. Martland's Band (William J., mas- 
ter), of North Bridgewater, was attached to the Regiment. The 
12th participated in important engagements. At Groveton, near 
Bull Run, Col. Webster was killed. Co. I, First Mass. Cavalry, 
Capt. Lucius Richmond, left Town in September, '61. In July 
following, North Bridgewater voted $100 to all volunteers. A 
resolution introduced by David L. Co well, once Town Librarian, 
was adopted, declaring "That earth has never seen a holier war 
than that now waged." In August, 1863, after Secretary Stanton 
had called for 300,000 troops, there were further enlistments, 
and the spirit of the community is clearly shown in the adoption 
of this statement as expressed by Mr. Cowell : "The citizens of 
North Bridgewater have neither exhausted their means nor their 
patriotism." This was characteristic of the community through- 
out the struggle. According to Harrison O. Thomas — authority 
and for many years historian for the local Post the total number 
of men furnished by the Town scattered through many regiments 
was about 700. There were seventy-four deaths recorded. In 
1876, Galen Manley gave $100. toward a suitable memorial to 
the Men of the War and in November, 1907, at Perkins Park, 
The Soldiers' Monument was dedicated. Their remembrance is 
further secured in the Memorial Rotunda at City Hall, dedicated 
in 1894 by Fletcher Webster Post, aided by representatives of 
state and national departments. In the corridors of the Municipal 
Building are also commemorative paintings by Lamb and Holland. 
The service of Civil War soldiers is perpetuated in very tangible 
form by the Post above named, organized July 1. 1867, with 
Uriah Macoy first Commander ; the Woman's Relief Corps ; and 
Camp Captain R. B. Grover, Sons of Veterans. G. A. R. Hall, 
East Elm Street, was opened in 1883. 

Brockton: Origin and Christening 

The population of the Town at its incorporation was 1480; 
just before the Civil War, it had grown to include 6584 ; in 1870, 
8007. Foresighted citizens began to recognize the need of a town 
name more distinctive than that borne for generations. In early 

20 



'71, various names were proposed, historic, literary — with, accord- 
ing to Kingman, a decided preference for "Norwood." A formal 
meeting was held in January at Murray Hall on call of leading 
citizens. February eighth the Town voted a petition to the 
legislature asking that the name be changed to "Standish," the 
doughty Captain being, as previously stated, one of the signers 
of the original deed of purchase of land. In March, on recon- 
sideration, "Stanton" was substituted. This was followed in 
popular favor by "Amburg," the origin of which is not clear. 
Meanwhile the Senate and House had enacted and named the 
Town "Standish" under final date of April 19th. In May, the 
act was officially rejected by the Town by a vote of 460 to 427. 
In 1874, after much local discussion, the Selectmen addressed the 
legislature in behalf of "Brockton." This was accompanied by 
many petitions, the largest being favorable, headed by C. C. 
Bixby and signed by 1021 voters. 

The suggestion was made by Ira Copeland, a resident of the 
Town, who some years before had heard the name called by a 
railway conductor as he rode en route to Detroit. "Brockton" 
is in the province of Ontario, now a part of Toronto. It was 
named after Sir Isaac Brock (1769-1812), soldier and lieutenant 
governor of Canada. His memory is perpetuated by monuments 
in St. Paul's, London; in Montreal, and in Queenstown. Several 
Canadian towns and parishes bear names traceable to his own. 
Three names were approved by the legislature in March, 1874. A 
Town meeting called May 5th after considering "Brockton," 
"Allerton," and "Avon," selected the first named by 1080 out of 
1491 votes. With characteristic fervor the citizens celebrated, 
the christening was over, "momentary heats and acerbities" for- 
gotten, and there was shown a "general desire to clasp hands and 
start forward again in unity and in peace." (The Gazette.) 



21 




ZIBA C. KEITH 
First Mayor of Brockton 



From Town to City 

The industry, which has made Brockton famous the world 
over, developed rapidly during or directly after the re-naming 
period. (See pp. 33-38.) 

From 1870 to 1880, the population increased 5,601. There 
were at that date forty-three schools with an enrolment of 2,267. 
In 1881, the Town valuation was $6,876,427. All this develop- 
ment suggested to the Brockton Spirit the reasonableness of a 
city form of government. December 29, 1881, citizens met at 
the Opera House, corner of Main and East Elm Streets to 
consider the question. The Act of Incorporation was passed by 
the legislature in April and on May 23, 1881, was accepted by 
the Town. The election in December resulted in the choice of 
Ziba C. Keith as Mayor. The inauguration took place the first 
Monday in January in the Opera House, with addresses by Mayor 
Keith, Henry H. Packard (Mayor in 1883) and the Governor of 
the Commonwealth, Hon. John D. Long. 

The local government is now domiciled in a municipal building 
that is a credit to any city. As noted, early town meetings were 
held in the First Parish Church. At various times in the young 
'40's, the question of a Town House came to the front. In 1850. 
a site was purchased at the corner of Main and Center Streets, 
but five years later it was sold at public auction. The Town 
realized $1,550 by this procedure, but no House. At the close 
of the War, the project was revived. In 1880, or on its com- 
pletion, the municipal government occupied rooms in City Block, 
corner of Ward and Main Streets. Under the administration of 
Mayor Wade, the initial step toward a City Hall was taken. April 
15, 1889, an order was passed creating a joint special committee 
on plans. In 1891, the School Street site was selected and pur- 
chased of Fred P. Richmond for $9,500. Twenty-one plans 
were submitted, and Wesley L. Minor chosen architect. With 
changes in materials and design, the cost approximated $315,000. 
The corner stone was laid May 30, 1892, by the Grand Lodge 
A. F. and A. M. of the State. The dedication occurred September 
24, 1894, and was gala day in the City. Among the guests was 

23 




BROCKTON CITY HALL 
Dedicated, 1894 



Photo by Wilson 



Governor Greenhalge, who gave an address. Other speakers 
were Mayor John J. Whipple, former Mayor Ziba C. Keith, and 
Elijah A. Morse, M. C. The City Seal, designed by A. F. Poole, 
was adopted July 4, 1882. A replica with living figures represent- 
ing Standish and Massasoit, formed the central feature of the 
Brockton Historical Float in the Plymouth Ter-Centenary parade 
before President Harding, August 1, 1921. 

We have already noted the first transportation facilities. For 
many years, workers in local factories found their way here via 
coaches from surrounding towns. About 5.30 each night these 
met at the Washburn House rendezvous and from that point 
departed. It was an interesting sight and suggested our growing 
industries. December 2, 1880, a hearing was held by the Select- 
men in the interest of a horse-car line. The next year (July 6), 
the first car was driven by Peter Richmond from Clifton Avenue 
to the residence of Enos H. Reynolds. The Brockton Street Rail- 
way Company was incorporated January 8, 1881. Six box and 
three open cars and thirty-nine horses constituted the equipment. 
Horace B. Rogers was then, and for many years, superintendent. 
The earliest electric cars were run from the East Side up Crescent 
and Ward Streets, but in 1890 were established on Main. The 
City has the reputation of being the first to operate street-cars 
by electricity. In this connection is the record also of first using 
electric power for municipal lighting. When in 1883, under- 
ground conduits were constructed, the Wizard of Menlo Park, 
Mr. Edison himself, came to Brockton and superintended this 
important work. For this reason, as well as in recognition of his 
distinguished abilities, he was invited to visit the City as a guest 
of the Centennial Committee. 

In Peace and War 
While for a half century one Church seemed practically suffi- 
cient for old North Bridgewater, with growth and diversity of 
population, religious life rapidly expanded. In 1837 the First 
Parish Church gave twenty-three members to form South Church. 
In 1850 another group organized Porter, named after the first 
minister. The Church of the New Jerusalem was established in 

25 



1827; the present House of Worship dedicated in 1857. With 
this Society, the Rev. Warren Goddard served in a notable minis- 
try for a quarter of a century. Methodism began in Town with 
the Pearl Street Church in 1830. Central was formed in 1842 
and for many years worshipped on Church Street before building 
the beautiful and commodious House on Elm. South was organ- 
ized in 1879, Franklin in 1887, Swedish in 1890. The Lutheran 
Church was formed in 1854. Baptist faith came in continuous 
corporate form as early as 1850, building on Warren Avenue, 
corner of Belmont (1881), and later erecting its attractive edifice 
at the junction of Elm and the Avenue. At Campello, Warren 
Avenue Baptist Church was organized in 1886, Swedish in 1883 ; 
at the North, services were begun in 1886. St. Paul's Episcopal 
Church commenced its strong ministry here in 1871, opening its 
early Chapel in 1877 out of which has grown the stone edifice on 
Pleasant Street. Unity, organized in 1881, dedicated its House 
in 1884. The Free Will Baptist was formed in 1884, and the 
Universalist Church in 1857. Supplementing Church life the 
Y. M. C. A., organized in 1887, erected its present finely-equipped 
building in 1914. The Y. W. C. A., formed in 1906, dedicated 
its modern plant on Main Street in September. 1918. 

The Roman Catholic Church began its present vigorous service 
here in 1856 under the direction of The Rev. Thomas B. McNulty. 
In 1859, it dedicated the Church so long used on Main Street. 
The foundations of the present stately edifice at the corner of 
Bartlett Street, was laid in 1910. The Church of the Sacred 
Heart (French) was dedicated in 1893. St. Margaret's at Cam- 
pello, St. Edward's at the North, and St. Colman's at the East 
Side, established at a later period, are rapidly growing. 

The United Presbyterian ; the Church of Christ, Scientist ; the 
Advent ; Latter Day Saints — as well as undenominational groups 
— hold regular services in Churches or halls. The Hebrew Syna- 
gogues minister to large assemblies. There are both Congre- 
gational and Baptist Churches for the colored population. 

Singularly for an industrial center of the size of Brockton, it 
has a wide reputation for agricultural interests. Its school-gar- 
dens are of a high rank and its justly celebrated Fair — first open 
in 1874 — is a national institution. Its grounds now comprise 85 
acres. This year its receipts approximated $250,000. 

26 



A communication from the 1921 Centennial Committee was 
mailed to 116 fraternal organizations showing the development 
of this phase of the City's life. Odd Fellowship began here in 
1845 ; Masonry was instituted in 1856. Today the list of lodges 
and clubs includes all the representative organizations. 

So populous a City, with manufacturing on so large a scale, 
cannot be wholly free from accidents. First aid in schools, 
emergency equipment in the shops and legislative insistence upon 
protection for the worker, have all served their purpose. Yet 
the needs of Brockton and humane sentiment of the City find ex- 
pression in the well-furnished hospital, opened on East Side, 
Center Street, in 1896. Here the sick, unfortunate or injured 
may find quick treatment and relief under conditions that none 
need decline to accept. Doubtless in all the annals of this City 
— or in others — have there been few such disasters as came 
to us in 1905 in the explosion of the boiler in the Grover Factory. 
In this serious event, which occurred during the administration 
of Mayor Edward H. Keith, fifty-six persons perished and two 
others died later .from injuries. More than a hundred thousand 
dollars was speedily raised for the families of the bereaved. In 
Melrose Cemetery, the City provided burial for thirty-six un- 
identified bodies, with suitable inscription. The History of the 
Relief Fund, written by Albert F. Pierce, D. D., may be found 
at the Library. The last payment to beneficiaries was made 1921. 

Into the peaceful life of the community came the summons of 
1898 when the United States declared war upon Spain. With 
traditional spirit, Brockton sent her sons who, returning, formed 
the Spanish War Veteran's Association. When the unparalleled 
tragedy of the World War became a reality, money, men and 
service were offered as needed. The War Chest Drive before 
the Armistice resulted in $625,000 and Brockton's men and 
women met their responsibilities at home and abroad with the 
characteristic spirit. In Salisbury Park is a Memorial Boulder 
bearing two bronze tablets commemorating the supreme sacrifice 
of ninety-nine sons of Brockton. The American Legion, Post 
35, perpetuates their names and deeds. 

27 



Leading City Officials: 1881-1921 
As a contribution to Centennial interest and supplying a per- 
manent record, we print the complete list of Mayors, City Clerks 
and Treasurers from the beginning of the municipality, as pre- 
pared by the present Clerk, J. Albert Sullivan : 



Mayors 
1882— Ziba C. Keith* 
1883— Henry H. Packard* 
1884— Ziba C. Keith* 
1885— Ziba C. Keith* 
1886— John J. Whipple* 
1887— John J. Whipple* 
1888— Albert R. Wade* 
1889— Albert R. Wade* 
1890— William L. Douglas 
1891— Ziba C. Keitb* 
1892— Ziba C. Keith* 
1893— Ziba C. Keith* 
1894— John J. Whipple* 
1895— John J. Whipple* 
1896 — Charles Williamson 
1897 — Charles Williamson 
1898— Henry E. Garfield* 
1899— Emery M. Low 
1900— Charles H. Coulter* 
1901— Charles H. Coulter* 



of Brockton 

1902— David W. Battles 
1903— Charles H. Coulter* 
1904— Edward H. Keith 
1905— Edward H. Keith 
1906— Fred O. Bradford* 
1907— John S. Kent 
1908— John S. Kent 
1909— John S. Kent 
1910— William H. Clifford 
1911— Harry C. Howard 
1912— Harry C. Howard 
1913— Charles M. Hickey 
1914 — Harry C. Howard 
1915— John S. Burbank 
191^_john S. Burbank 
1917— Stewart B. McLeod 
1918— Wm. L. Gleason 
1919— Wm. L. Gleason 
1920— Wm. L. Gleason 
1921— Ro^er Keith 



City Clerks 
1882-1912— DeWitt C. Packard* 1915-1920— Calvin R. Barrett 
1912-1915— Clinton F. Packard 1920- —J. Albert Sullivan 

City Treasurers 
1882-1886— Henry R. Ford* 1894-1907— Wm. H. Emerson 
1887-1894— Augustus T. Jones* 1907-1913— E. Francis Pope* 
1913. —John J. O'Reilly 
* Deceased. 



28 




WILLIAM L. DOUGLAS, Mayor, 1890 
Governor of Massachusetts, 1895 



INTERPRET CITY'S PROGRESS 
Former Mayors Believe In Brockton 

The daily Enterprise of June 13th carried interesting 
interviews with former occupants of the Mayor's 
Chair. We reprint sentences having special interpre- 
tive and historic value. 

"Our city has been builded to its world-wide prestige by the 
pluck of her citizens. Its people's purpose has never flagged. " — 
Col. John J. Whipple, Mayor 1886-87, 1894-95.*' s 

"With that spirit on the part of our people, our city will over- 
come every difficulty and will grow in every essential that makes 
for a splendid municipality." — Maj. Charles Williamson, Mayor 
1896-97. ^ — ^ , 

"I am happy to see Brockton enjoying its prosperous jeeffdltion 
as the result of one hundred years of loyal effort displayed by the 
people who have lived here.'' — Emery M. Low, Mayor 1899. 

"From this delving into the past, let us gather renewed inspira- 
tion from these noble founders that we may better fulfill our part 
as citizens." — Edward H. Keith, Mayor 1904-05. 

"Tomorrow new men with new ideas will be the directing force 
in our city's activities. May they catch the spirit of brotherhood 
permeating all strata of society and every element in our com- 
munity."— John S. Kent, Mayor 1907-08-09. 

"Brockton has always maintained and still does, a higher stan- 
dard of living than that of other cities. " — William H. Clifford, 
Mayor 1910. 

"( riven the same co-operation, faith and resources and our 
growth in the next century will measure up to that in the one on 
which we so proudlv look back." — Charles M. Hickey, Mayor 
1913. 

"The mind conceives a century hence a metropolis teeming with 
activities, a Brockton big with the best ideals of life." — John S. 
Burbank, Mayor 1915-16. 

* - With the continued best efforts of every loyal citizen, the 
heritage to succeeding generations will be a community hard to 
surpass in comfort and happiness for its citizens." — William L. 
Gleason. Mayor 1918-19-20. 

* Deceased, November 14, 1921. 

31 




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RECORDS IN SHOES 
History and Incidents in a Hundred Years of Industry 

The industry that has made this community known in all 
quarters of the globe antedates the incorporation of the Town 
whose history covers the hundred years. The deed by which 
Massasoit transferred the Duxbury Plantation, out of which ter- 
ritory have been carved the Towns of Bridgewater, and East- and 
West-, and Brockton, was given for numerous articles, totaling 
in value about $30. Included were four moose-skins which Myles 
Standish, one of the signers, may have brought back from his 
adventures in the wilds, and which would be used for protection 
of feet as well as for clothing. We have then a starting point 
in 1649, a reference to that which makes Brockton outrank all 
other cities, the footgear of the original inhabitants, as well as 
that of the colonists. 

The Log of the Mayflower (Bradford's History) tells us that 
in 1628 the Plymouth settlers sent Isaac Allerton to England on 
an important mission, including the purchase of supplies. He 
thereby probably became the first importer of shoes and leather. 
But before that day (1623), according to Seth Bryant of Ash- 
mont ("Shoe and Leather Trade of a Hundred Years," 1891), 
Experience Mitchell, a passenger in the Ann. reached Plymouth. 
Later he moved to Duxbury, and as one of the earliest settlers 
in the Plantation came to (East) Bridgewater at a place locally 
called Joppa. There he established a tannery in 1650. His son. 
Ensign — later Colonel — Edward, and after him dishing Mitchell, 
carried on the business for sixty years. So we may account for 
the fact that when North Bridgewater was incorporated as a 
Town in 1821, it was already the center of a leather-working 
people. 

Bradford Kingman, in his diverting history of North Bridge- 
water and Brockton, has an interesting account of men who have 
risen from the bench of the shoemaker to distinction in other 
pursuits. 

For a later period, and from the City of Brockton, William L. 
Douglas became (1895) Governor of the Commonwealth 

33 



In a business sense, the City's chief end has been and is "feet." 
Prior to the date which the Celebration recalled (June 15, 1821), 
shoes were handsewed, then pegged and nailed. Machines were 
introduced in 1846. Early trade was largely controled by the 
village shoemaker in his annual or semi-annual visits to "shoe" 
the entire family. His "kit" was not so different in 1880 from 
that of the first Christian era or even earlier. Out of the Revolu- 
tionary War came Thomas French of Randolph, a personality 
figuring in the beginnings of local industry. A tanner and cur- 
rier, he settled on the Blue Hill Turnpike. Mr. French employed 
others who had learned the shoe trade in camp or fort, and so 
began the life which has made Brockton, for he had many appren- 
tices. 

From Randolph came Micah Faxon, in the early teens of the 
nineteenth century, to the North Parish of Bridgewater. In 1811, 
he carried to Boston on horseback his first hundred pair of fine 
calf-skin, spring-heeled shoes. They were sold to Monroe & 
Nash, Long Wharf, for the southern trade. Quick successors 
and competitors were Silas Packard and Col. Edward Southworth 
in a store that stood at the corner of Main and Court Streets. In 
1820, William French engaged in shoe manufacture. Others 
early in the business were Zophar Field and Charles Southworth ; 
John May & Sidney Howard ; Zenas Brett, Benjamin Kingman, 
Nathan Jones, and Charles & Azra Keith at The Plains (Cam- 
pello). Markets were nearby owing to lack of transportation 
facilities. "The Keiths, the Packards, and the Leaches" have 
built up the City of Brockton — wrote Seth Bryant, who on his 
own voucher knew all the shoe dealers since 1800 at least through 
a period of seventy-one years. According to that authority, more 
shoes were made in the Second Congressional District than in 
any other in the United States. 

"Brockton is not the home of small plants" (Isaac H. Bailey, 
article C, Vol. I, "New England States," William T. Davis, 
Editor). Yet in the beginning this was not true. Little shops in 
many yards suggested a winter trade to fill the time and supple- 
ment the fish and farm of summer. Shoes were "given out" 100 

35 



pair at a time to "tit and make" and were kept thirty days to two 
months. Fitting the upper to the last, with lapstone and hammer, 
pounding the wet sole, fastening with nails, pegging sole and 
inner sole together — constituted the major processes. In 1837, 
North Bridgewater produced 79,000 pairs of boots and 22,300 
pairs of shoes and employed 1,125 "hands." Then began the 
enlargement which today shows thirty thousand workers in sixty 
factories. George W. Bryant and Daniel S. Howard (1848-1888) 
were pioneers, as were Charles R. Ford, Martin L. Keith, Enos 
H. Reynolds, and others. In the early '60's, Peleg S. Leach 
engaged in business in a shop on the site of the present Police 
Station and later had large factories on Crescent and West Elm 
Streets. In 1865, 103,066 pairs of boots and over a million pairs 
of shoes were made. The increase over 1837 was of course due 
in a large measure to the sewing-machine. Readiness to adopt 
new methods and machinery seems to have characterized the 
town. A. & A. B. Keith were prominent in this respect, as were 
the Thayers, Samuel Herrod and George Stevens. 

In 1870, William L. Douglas came from Plymouth and for 
some years was foreman for Porter and Southworth. With a 
capital of $875, he opened a factory for himself in 1876. Preston 
B. Keith had started five years before and M. A. Packard began 
manufacturing in 1877. The late George E. Keith commenced 
his notable career in 1868 in company with William S. South- 
worth and in 1870 opened a shop on his own behalf. Daniel W. 
Field entered the employ of D. S. Howard in 1876. And it 
should be stated, as one recognizes the general amicable relations 
in so large an industrial center as the Brockton of today, that 
from the beginning of the Town a very considerable group of 
manufacturers has either come up from the bench or has had 
close associations with the mechanical end of the business. The 
number of cases shipped from Brockton in 1876 was 142,010. 
In 1919, the value had become by war needs and prices, $146,- 
378,500. Even in the pre-war year of 1915, it was sixty millions. 
Now great plants with every modern facility are taking the place 
of the old-fashioned home-shops. Resourcefulness and versatil- 

37 



ity, as well as a reputation for reliable goods, have brought this 
marked development. 

When William Cullen Bryant re-visited the community in 
which he had lived while completing his law studies (pp. 39-43 ), 
he wrote: "The whole place resounds, rather rattles, with the 
machinery of shoeshops, which turn out millions of shoes, not 
one of which I am told is sold in the place." The last statement 
would be hardly true today, though the output is even more 
widely distributed than fifty years ago. The City has developed 
a great trading center. A writer on the shoe industry raises the 
question, "Are we nearing the end of the growth which may 
safely be built on one great industry?" ( Seth Bryant.) When 
one takes into account the commercial importance of Brockton, 
the problem assumes a different aspect. In addition to the fac- 
tories for shoes and the thirty or more accessory shops, Brockton 
has so expanded its life that it ministers largely to a cordon of 
surrounding towns. Ten banks are further vouchers for thrift. 

It has often been observed that in great shoe towns education 
is above the average. Schools, libraries and neighborhoods so 
testify. "Peaceful and lawabiding (so Bailey) they live in and 
for each other." This picture — so far as it described the City, 
is drawn from two interesting facts : Brockton had an annual 
No-License record covering a period of thirty years. Further 
the Community has learned the Better Way of settling disputes. 
In her industrial life, labor has been carefully studied from many 
angles. Each side has recognized the point of view of the 
other. They have seen that through conciliation and arbitration 
they could as well serve their own ends. This is among the high 
gifts of Brockton to the country. 

A United States Bulletin for 1915 entitled "Boot and Shoe 
Industry in Massachusetts, a Vocation for Women," has these 
interesting comments : "Brockton shows civic interest and a 
degree of prosperity. There is little absenteeism on the part of 
factory owners whose families have, in some cases, been in the 
shoe business for a century. The factory draws the immigrant 
and, if not inefficient, keeps him. Employees own 90% of the 
homes in Brockton. 

38 




Courtesy of the William Cullen Bryant Memorial Association. 

THE BRYANT HOMESTEAD, BROCKTON. 



BRYANT AND BROCKTON 

The Heritage Upon Which Was Built The Pageant Episode 



It is most desirable to cherish the traditions of one's own City. 
Whatever can be related as fact, that adds glory to the community, 
should be preserved. For two years the Editor had a vision of 
a Pageant centralized in our beginnings as a separate town and 
in the personality and youthful poetry of William Cullen Bryant. 

So far as the composition of some of the more notable poems 
of that era is concerned, this desire and gleam fade before the 
conclusions of critical scholars. We are not able to claim all 
that Bryant lovers and home-lovers had hoped. The matter under 
consideration has been somewhat extensively studied and the 
results of that research are here given. It will be noted, however, 
that the Poet who leads our American galaxy in point of time, 
was easily included in the June observance. 

Bryant was born November 3, 1794, at Cummington in this 
State. Local tradition still holds tenaciously to the story that the 
House bearing the Bryant tablet at 815 Belmont Street, was 

39 



his own birthplace. This was, however, the home of his grand- 
father, Dr. Philip, and there his father, Dr. Peter Bryant, was 
born, August 12, 1767. The poet's mother was Sarah Snell, 
daughter of Ebenezer, who was also born in this Town. Both 
were readers and lovers of Poetry. Of his father, Bryant said 
that he "delighted in poetry ... he wrote verses himself." As 
a first claim for our community, we note his parents and the fact 
that the Poet received no small measure of encouragement and 
some degree of inheritance of his own rare gifts from North 
Bridgewater. 

Late in life Mr. Bryant began an autobiography which, had 
he continued, would have been an invaluable original source of 
information on certain disputed points. But for reasons not 
quite clear to his biographers, the attempt was broken at a stage 
critical for authoritative data concerning his greatest work"Thana- 
topsis." "Undoubtedly it was to that poem," says William Aspin- 
wall Bradley (Macmillan Company, 1905), "he had been leading 
up in his account of the literary influences to which he was sub- 
jected at this period," that is, early youth. Most reviewers con- 
clude that he ceased his narrative because of the uncertainty of 
the facts as they appeared in retrospect. 

Our second claim for the Centennial was one of residence. 
For in June, 1814, Bryant came to Bridgewater to continue law 
studies with William Baylies of West Bridgewater, "a well-in- 
structed jurist and a gentleman of cultivation and noble personal 
traits" ( Parke Godwin — the Poet's Son-in-law — in Life of Bry- 
ant, D. Appleton, 1883). Mr. Godwin notes, "It was a larger 
town than any he had yet lived in . . . conditions of intellectual 
life were ample." During this period, a little more than a year, 
he lived with his paternal grandfather, Dr. Philip Bryant, in the 
House bearing the tablet. He rode daily to Mr. Baylies' office 
on horseback. Passing his preliminary examination in August, 
1814, he was admitted to the bar at Plymouth a year later. 

Our third claim is in poetry : As regards rr Thanatopsis,*'Richard 
Henry Stoddard, eminent student, in Memorial Edition of the 
Nczv York Sun following the Poet's death, wrote: "I cannot 

40 



fix the date nor the place where it was composed." He concludes 
from evidence available that it was written shortly after Bryant's 
18th year. This is the conclusion of Charles Dudley Warner, 
writer and critic. His most intimate biographer, Mr. Godwin, 
tells us (pp. 149-152) that while the Poet was at Bridgewater 
his father had found the manuscript of"Thanatopsis"in his own 
desk, where the son had placed it ; that it was not published until 
September, 1817 (North American Review). This was after 
the poet had moved to Great Barrington and on the occasion of 
a request for contributions which he had not heeded but to which 
Dr. Peter responded, sending the editors such copy as he had 
before discovered. Godwin adds : "Whether this was the first 
intimation that the younger Bryant received of the uses that had 
been made of his poems we cannot new tell." But all this would 
seem to separate North Bridgewater from the composition of 
what has been characterized as "the most remarkable poem ever 
written by a young man." Bradley, before quoted, writes that 
Mr. Bryant "finally accepted it as his own belief that Thanatop- 
sis was written at Cummington in the autumn of 1811," p. 28. 

Yet there were poems written in Bridgewater by William Cullen 
Bryant. At least three such are on record. In spite of the state- 
ment made by one biographer that "he missed his old surroundings 
and found nothing in the flat and rather tame landscape to stir 
his sensibilities," he had personal experiences and responded to 
the call of occasions. The poems are (1) "The Ode of the Fourth 
of July, 1814," beginning: 

"Well have ye fought, ye friends of man, 
Well was your valor shown; 
The grateful nations breathe from war, 
The Tyrant lies o'erthrown." 

(2) "Ode to Death," composed after recovering from illness which 
had compelled return to Cummington, and having these opening 
lines : 

"O Thou whom the world dreadeth ! Art thou nigh 

To thy pale Kingdom, Death, to summon me? 

While life's scarce tasted cup yet charms my eye, 

And yet my youthful blood is dancing free" ; 

41 



(3) "To a Friend on His Marriage" (Parke Godwin, p. 152) : 

"O'er Coke's black-letter page 

Trimming the lamp at eve, 'tis mine to pore 
Well pleased to see the venerable sage 

Unlock his treasured wealth of legal lore." 

This is highly suggestive of an atmosphere removed from lit- 
erary pursuits, but hardly prophetic when we recall that the 
same year (1815) in which he was recognized as an attorney, he 
adopted letters as his profession. 

Except for the composition — the actual manual work — we may 
include inspirational claims for the dainty verses of "The Yellow 
Violet." Godwin tells us that it was written "just before leaving 
Bridgewater, while on a visit to Cummington" so that we may 
think that our own springtime in 1815 attuned his lyre: 

"Oft' in the sunless April day. 

Thy early smile has stayed my walk ; 

But midst the gorgeous blooms of May. 

I passed thee on thy humble stalk." 

That this thought is wholly reasonable, the writer is assured by 
a local authority upon the flora of the vicinity, who has seen this 
now scarce blossom and is certain that in Bryant's day, and near 
the old homestead, the flowers grew abundantly. 

It may be well to state in the interest of information that beside 
"Thanatopsis" two other well-known poems — sometimes attrib- 
uted to his residence here — must be yielded to different times and 
places: "To a Waterfowl" and "Inscription for the Entrance to 
a Wood." The former, Mr. Godwin tells us (pp. 143-4), was 
inspired by the poet's walk from Cummington to Plainfield, De- 
cember 15, 1816, when he was prospecting for location as attorney. 
That seven-mile exercise produced what Matthew Arnold re- 
garded as the best "short poem in the English language." On 
arrival at Plainfield, he wrote the lines. The "Inscription" was 
written at Cummington, so records his son-in-law (p. 142), in 
the forest before his father's house and first printed in 1817. 

Fourth, from the angle of interest today, perhaps the most 
important: William Cullen Bryant visited Brockton, August, 1874. 

42 



A little more than three months from the day that North Bridge- 
water changed its name (May 5, 1874), the poet revisited the 
scenes of his youth. In a letter to Dr. Orville Dewey, his pastor 
and friend in New York City, he wrote under date of the 20th 
of that month : 

"I went last week with my brother John to Plymouth, where 
I was admitted to the practise of law fifty-nine years ago. . . . 
On our return, we stopped at North Bridgewater, where my 
father and mother were born and there stumbled upon a Bryant, 
'a solid' man of North Bridgewater, now called Brockton, who 
took us to the house where my grandfather, Dr. Philip Bryant, 
lived, and to the graveyard where he and his wife Silence, lie 
buried beside my great grandparents. The whole place resounds, 
rather rattles, with the machinery of shoeshops, which turn out 
millions of shoes, not one of which, I am told, is sold in the 
place." 

This is an important letter and suggested the one outstanding 
relation of the Poet to the Pageant. Everyone at all acquainted 
with his poems has seen the portrait of the man as he then ap- 
peared. He died but four years later, June 12, 1878. The '"solid" 
man to whom he refers was Henry L. Bryant, father of the late 
Walter Copeland Bryant, who with Mrs. Bryant was peculiarly 
interested in the preservation of the old Homestead. Mr. Bry- 
ant Sr. was then in business with his brother, George E., at the 
corner of Center Street, in a wooden structure well remembered 
by many Brocktonians. The visit of the Poet is still recalled by 
Miss Mary Jane Hayward, 19 Wales Avenue, at that time a clerk 
in Mr. Bryant's store. Miss Hayward told the writer that the 
Poet was, as so often represented, "tall, straight, handsome" in 
his eighty years, with majestic white beard and sharp, shining eyes. 

We are fortunate to have had these various links with so fine 
a mind, so good a man. The Pageant gained a real distinction 
in the representation made from these implications and facts of 
the life of William Cullen Bryant. 

43 




WILLIAM L. GLEASON, Mayor 1918-1920 
First Chairman of Centennial Committee 



ORGANIZING THE CENTENNIAL 

In April, 1919, the Editor of this Book called upon the Mayor 
of Brockton, William L. Gleason, at City Hall, suggesting an 
adequate observance of the One Hundredth Anniversary of the 
Town of North Bridgewater, occurring in 1921. It was agreed 
that the writer should embody this thought in an open letter. The 
daily press readily supported the plan and on May 3rd both 
papers printed the communication with fitting comment by the 
Mayor, and appropriate editorials. 

The original letter called for a "remembrance in suitable civic, 
educational, industrial, commercial, and religious observance." 
It suggested as a proper memorial, "the creation of a central park 
or playground adequately representing Brockton's business ability, 
leadership and artistic sense." The formal opening, October 28. 
1921, of the Eldon Keith Field, for athletics, opposite the High 
School, marked the realization of that idea. This memorial gift 
by his father, the late George E. Keith, was a fulfilment of Eldon 
Keith's own expressed desire for the youth of the City. 

Mayor Gleason at once appointed a Committee on Organiza- 
tion : from the Board of Aldermen, Joseph J. Lane, Leland W. 
Snow (deceased), Frederick A. Mullins. To these, President 
Roger Keith of the Common Council (later Mayor) added Coun- 
cilmen Edward L. Perkins, Arthur M. Bonney (deceased), Wil- 
liam D. Thomas, Philip J. Ryan, Herbert McGlone. The Com- 
mittee was completed by the following Citizens Group, appointed 
by the Mayor : Willard F. Jackson, City Planning Board ; Wil- 
liam T. Shinnick, Commander Brockton Post American Legion; 
George H. Leach of the George E. Keith Company and Chairman 
of the local War Chest Fund; Merle S. Getchell, Headmaster 
High School; Patrick J. O'Byrne, President of the Brockton 
Joint Shoe Council and Rev. Warren P. Landers. 

In September, 1919, this Committee after careful consideration 
named a general Committee of One Hundred, representing the 
City's varied interests and activities, which with later additions, 
continued through the Centennial. This larger Committee met 
at Public Library Hall, October 17, Mayor Gleason presiding. 
Addresses outlining and emphasizing the possibilities of the cele- 

45 



bration were given by Frank H. Whitmore, librarian ; Mr. Get- 
chell, Mr. Leach and John P. Meade, Deputy Commissioner of 
Labor, and others. Superintendent of Schools John F. Scully, 
sent a letter highly commending the Centennial. The beginnings 
of a permanent organization were made. On November 15, the 
General Committee met in open forum to receive practical sug- 
gestions for the observance. Anticipating the publication of this 
commemorative volume, Mr. Landers was designated Historian 
of the Centennial. 

The permanent organization effected, with such additions as 
were later thought advisable, was as follows : 

Centennial Officers and Committees 

Chairman — His Honor The Mayor, William L. Gleason, 1919- 
20; His Honor The Mayor, Roger Keith, 1921. 

Honorary Chairmen — William L. Douglas, John J.Whipple,* 
Charles Williamson, Emery M. Low, David W. Battles, Edward 
H. Keith, John S. Kent, William H. Clifford, Harry C. Howard, 
Charles M. Hickey, John S. Burbank, Stewart B. McLeod. 

Secretary — Warren P. Landers. 

Treasurer — Bernard Saxton. 

Vice-Chairmen — C. Chester Eaton, Edward A. Gilmore, Fred 
B. Howard, Frank E. Packard, Warren A. Reed, John F. 
Scully. 

Executive Committee — His Honor The Mayor, Chairman ; 
Adrian P. Cote, C. Chester Eaton, Merle S. Getchell, Edward 
A. Gilmore, William L. Gleason, Charles P. Holland, PTed B. 
Howard, Harold C. Keith, John S. Kent, Warren P. Landers, 
George H. Leach, Warren A. Reed, Bernard Saxton, John F. 
Scully, Herbert L. Tinkham, Frank H. Whitmore; representing 
Brockon Agricultural Society: Fred F. Field, Harry C. Briggs, 
Frank L. Crocker, Charles H. Pope, Edward M. Thompson; 
representing the Municipal Finance Committee : William A. Bul- 
livant, Elmer A. Egan, Benjamin A. Hastings, John Holmes, 
Gerald Kelleher, Chester T. Swanson, William D. Thomas, War- 
ren Tirrell. 

•Deceased. 

46 




ROGER KEITH 

Centennial Mayor of Brockton 

Chairman of Executive Committee 




WARREN P. LANDERS 

Secretary and Historian of the Brockton Centennial 



Pageant Executive Committee — Frank H. Whitmore, Chair- 
man ; Willard F. Jackson, Executive Secretary ; Joseph F. Reilly, 
Corresponding Secretary; John N. Howard, Treasurer; William 
A. Bullivant, Harry W. Flagg, Mrs. Suzanne Cary Gruver, War- 
ren S. Keith, Warren P. Landers. 

Educational and Exhibits Committee — John F. Scully, Chair- 
man; George W. Alden, Stephen P. Alden, Miss Annie L. Burke, 
Davis M. Debard, C. Chester Eaton, Frank L. Erskine, Charles 
R. Hillberg, Edgar P. Howard, Patrick J. O'Byrne, Mrs. Fred 
H. Packard, David Tyndall. 

Finance Committee — George H. Leach, Chairman; William A. 
Bullivant, Charles D. Nevins, John J. O'Reilly, Frank E. Pack- 
ard, Lars Peterson, Bernard Saxton, William D. Thomas. 

Office and Headquarters Committee — Charles P. Holland, 
Chairman ; Joseph C. Crocker, Walter M. Dunbar, Robert C. 
Fraser, Edward L. Perkins. 

Pageant Committee — William T. Card, Chairman Pageant Book 
Committee ; Mrs. Oscar F. Emery, Chairman Pageant Cast Com- 
mittee ; Mrs. Merton F. Ellis, Chairman Pageant Costumes Com- 
mittee ; Miss Mary E. Fish, Chairman Pageant Dancing Commit- 
tee ; Harry C. Smith, Chairman Pageant Lighting Committee ; 
Edgar P. Howard, Chairman Pageant Make-Up Committee ; 
George Sawyer Dunham, Chairman Pageant Music Committee ; 
Louis F. Eaton, Chairman Pageant Police. Public Safety and 
Sanitation Committee ; LeBaron Atherton, Chairman Pageant 
Properties Committee ; Adrian P. Cote. Chairman Pageant Pub- 
licity Committee; Chester A. Hickman, Chairman Pageant Re- 
hearsals Committee ; Emil Lagergren, Chairman Pageant Scenery 
Committee ; Miss Harriette M. Perkins, Chairman Pageant Sing- 
ing Committee; Harry C. Briggs, Chairman Pageant Stage Con- 
struction and Grounds Committee; William B. Freeman, Chair- 
man Pageant Stage Management Committee; Edward M. Thomp- 
son, Chairman Pageant Tickets Committee . 

Publicity Committee — Adrian P. Cote, Chairman; James H. 
Burke, William D. Dwyer, Joseph A. Messier, Michael Moran, 
Ralph G. Spaulding, Albert G. Smith. 

49 



Speakers and Guests Committee — John S. Kent, Chairman; 
Frank S. Farnum, Edward Gilmore, John P. Meade, Walter 
Rapp. 

Sports Committee — Harold C. Keith, Chairman; Horace A. 
Keith. A. F. Nelson, Daniel W. Packard, Charles M. Park, E. 
Marion Roberts, Richard P. Whitman. 

Sunday Committee — Merle S. Getchell, Chairman; Mrs. John 
J. Brock, A. J. Freedman, Horace F. Holton. 

General Committee — Michael Abraczinsky, George W. Alden, 
Stephen P. Alden, LeBaron Atherton, Mrs. Lettie Kingsley Bar- 
den. Frank R. Barnard, David W. Battles, Stanton F. Bourne, 
Harry C. Briggs, Mrs. John J. Brock, Willianr A. Bullivant, 
lohn S. Burbank, Miss Annie L. Burke, James H. Burke, L. M. 
Churbuck. William H. Clifford, Constantine Condikey. Mrs. Es- 
telle C. Copeland, John T. Corcoran, James Corey. Adrian P. 
Cote, Thomas F. Crawford. Frank L. Crocker, Oscar C. Davis, 
Davis M. Debard, William L. Douglas, William E. Doyle, Fred 
Drew. Walter M. Dunbar, George Sawyer Dunham, William D. 
Dwyer, C. Chester Eaton, Louis F. Eaton. Elmer A. Egan, Mrs. 
Oscar F. Emery, Frank L. Erskine, Frank S. Farnum, Fred F. 
Field, Fred F. Field, Jr., Miss Mary E. Fish, Harry W. Flagg, 
Robert C. Fraser, A. J. Freedman, William B. Freeman. Merle 
S. Getchell. Edward Gilmore, William L. Gleason, Mrs. Suzanne 
Cary Gruver, Walter B. Hall, Benjamin A. Hastings, Charles M. 
Hickey. Chester A. Hickman, Charles R. Hillberg, Fred S. Hilton, 
William A. Hogan, Charles P. Holland, John Holmes, Horace F. 
Holton, George E. Horton, Edgar P. Howard. Fred B. Howard. 
Harry C. Howard. John N. Howard, Alexander Hutchinson, 
Willard F. Jackson. Walter E. Johnson, Thomas F. Keefe, Ed- 
ward 11. Keith, Harold C. Keith, Horace A. Keith, Roger Keith, 
Warren S. Keith. Gerald Kelleher, John S. Kent, Isaac S. Kibrick. 
Bartholomew F. Killilea. Mrs. Jennie Kovner, Emil Lagergren, 
Charles T. Laird, Warren P. Landers. Joseph J. Lane. George H. 
Leach, Emery M. Low. Hector E. Lynch. Jr., William G. McGlin- 
chev. Herbert McGlone, Clarence A. McLaughlin. Stewart B. 
McLeod, John P. Meade. Joseph A. Messier, Charles E. Moore, 



50 




GEORGE H. LEACH 
Chairman Finance Committee, Member of Executive and Book Committees 




JOHN N. HOWARD 
Treasurer, Pageant Committee 



Michael Moran, Allan C. Morrison, Harold G. Morse, Frederick 
J. Mullins, A. F. Nelson, Charles D. Nevins, Carl Norton, Pat- 
rick J. O'Byrne, John L. O'Reilly, Ernest Onelette, Daniel W. 
Packard, Frank E. Packard, Mrs. Fred H. Packard, Charles M. 
Park, Henry F. Parker, Ralph G. Paulding, Edward L. Perkins, 
Miss Harriette M. Perkins, Lars Peterson, Charles H. Pope, 
Walter Pratt, John I. RacklirTe, Clarence L. Randall, Walter 
Rapp, Warren A. Reed, Joseph F. Reilly, Horace Richmond, 
E. Marion Roberts, Henry Rubin, Philip J. Ryan, Bernard Sax- 
ton, William H. Scanlon, Bruno E. Schwartz, John F. Scully, 
John J. Sheehan, William T. Shinnick, Albert G. Smith, C. R. 
Storey, Chester T. Swanson, E. Eugene Thayer, William D. 
Thomas, Edward M. Thompson, Herbert L. Tinkham, Warren 
Tirrell, Mrs. Warren Tirrell, Frank A. Tonis, Joseph C. Tongas, 
David Tyndall, John P. Unes, John J. Whipple,* Richard P. 
Whitman, Frank H. Whitmore, Alfred H. Wilbur, Harry H. 
Williams, Joseph L. Williams, Charles Williamson, Max E. 
Wind, Miss Ruth A. W'oodward, E. J. Zuris. 

PROGRAM AND BUDGET 

Upon its appointment in October, 1919, the Executive Com- 
mittee carried forward the detail upon the basis of the following 
provisional program: Sunday, June 12, 1921: Suitable obser- 
vance in the Churches. Monday (Old Home Day), extending 
through the week : Educational and historical exhibits. Tues- 
day : Fraternal and social functions by Clubs and Lodges. Wed- 
nesday, June 15: The exact anniversary of the Centennial of 
the Incorporation of the Town of North Bridgewater out of 
which Brockton has grown — evening Pageant at the Fair Grounds. 
Thursday evening : Pageant. Friday : High School Commence- 
ment ; other school programs and reunions. Saturday : Free out- 
of-door sports in various parts of the City; evening, High School 
Alumni dance. Beginning May 3rd of Centennial Year, the 
Executive Committee held meetings each Tuesday in the Mayor's 
office, hearing reports and directly concerning itself with the 
success of the Event. 

"Deceased. 

53 




fill id.™ A. B 



uUiv&pJ -~_i 



Representing MUNICIPAL FINANCE COMMITTEE, 

Alderman. Ward 7. 
Councilman, Ward 4. President. Common Council Councilman. Ward 2. 

Councilman, Ward 3. Ward 1. Councilman. Ward 3. 



The history of the financial side of the Centennial is here sum- 
marized. Early in 1920, the City Government appropriated in 
its Budget $300 for incidental expenses in the preliminary ar- 
rangements. This was all that was requested, and of that amount 
only about $75 was expended, chiefly in the Secretary's depart- 
ment. For the Centennial detail, the Finance Committee, George 
H. Leach, Chairman, presented a carefully prepared budget upon 
the basis of which the municipal administration of 1921, Roger 
Keith, Mayor, passed an appropriation of $10,000. The Budget 
was as follows : 

Pageant Committee, Frank H. Whitmore, Chairman $8,000.00 

Sunday Committee, Merle S. Getchell, Chairman 500.00 

Publicity Committee, Adrian P. Cote, Chairman 1,000.00 

Sports Committee, Harold C. Keith, Chairman 500.00 

Educational and Exhibits Committee, John F. Scully, 

Chairman 100.00 

Office and Headquarters Committee, Charles P. Hol- 
land, Chairman 1 , 1 1 5.00 

Speakers Committee, John S. Kent, Chairman 100.00 

Finance Committee, George H. Leach, Chairman 0.00 

Retail Bureau, Chamber of Commerce, William R. 

Cook, Chairman 500.00 



$11,815.00 

The Budget adopted by the Pageant Committee appears upon 
page — , in connection with the Story of the Pageant. All 
expenditures were made by City Treasurer's checks on proper 
vouchers approved by Committee Chairmen and the Finance 
Committee. For detail of actual cost and receipts in full for 
this memorable observance, the reader is referred to the state- 
ments printed following the final Program of the Week. 

THE FORMAL OPENING— SUNDAY, JUNE 12TH 
In keeping with the history of New England town foundings, 
the Centennial opened with divine worship, Sunday morning. 
There were large congregations in all Churches. Ministers and 

55 



people co-operated to make the hour memorable in recognition 
of Providence, in a note of gratitude, and in the emphasis upon 
the moral and religious forces which have made Brockton. 

The Committee in charge of the Day: Merle S. Getchell, Mrs. 
[ohn ]. Brock, Ahram J. Freedman, Rev. Horace F. Holton, IX 
1).. presented the Churches with an attractive uniform Order of 
Service which was generally used throughout the City. Its 
artistic cover was designed by Charles R. Knapp, teacher at the 
High School. 

\N ORDER OF DIVINE WORSHIP 
FOR CENTENNIAL SUNDAY 
Tin-: Organ Prelude 

A Hymn of Praise. "O Worship the King." Tune Hanover 
The Invocation by the Minister, the people remaining- standing. 
Almighty God, our Lord and Father, who from of old hast 
caused thy people to live in communities, and who hast brought 
us together to dwell in this pleasant place, grant we beseech 
Thee the inspiration and the guidance of Thy Holy Spirit, as 
we begin this day the observance oi the Centennial of our city's 
founding. Summon us by the memories of the past, to resolve 
to make the future great. 
Tm-: Lord's Prayer by all the people. 
A\ Anthem. 
The First Scripture Lesson. A Responsive Service. 

The Minister — 1 was glad when they said unto me. Let us go 

into the house of the Lord. 
The People — Our feet shall stand within thy gates, Jerusalem. 
The Minister — Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: they shall 

prosper that love thee. 
The People — Peaee he within thy walls, and prosperity within 
thy palaees. 

The Minister — For my brethren and companions' sakes, I will 
now say. Peace be within thee. 

56 




MERLE S. GETCHELL 
Member of Executive and Chairman of Sunday Committee 



V" THE—' 

[ BRGClffON 

CEN 




Except" Jbe Lord x 
Keep the Citr-^j* 

Bff in uaiv\ -^jts? 



.SUNDAY JUNE 12 

PUBLICV0R5HIP '"AliUlEUIUROIES 



.L 



i , -r Te 



COVER PAGE 
Uniform Order of Worship, Drawn by Charles R. Knapp 



The People — Because of the house of the Lord our God I zvill 
seek thy good. 

The Minister — They that trust in the Lord shall be as Mount 
Zion, which cannot be removed, but abideth forever. 

The People — As the mountains are round about Jerusalem, so 
the Lord is round about his people. 

The Minister — -For the rod of the wicked shall not rest upon the 
lot of the righteous; lest the righteous put forth their hands 
unto iniquity. 

The People — Do good Lord, unto those that be good, and to 
them that are upright in their hearts. 

The Minister — And I hear a great voice out of heaven saying, 

Minister and People, All — Behold the tabernacle of God is with 
men, and He zvill dwell with them and they shall be His peo- 
ple and God Himself shall be with than and be their God. 

The Gloria 

The Second Scripture Lesson 

A Hymn — "Our God our help in ages past" Tune St. Anne 

The Morning Prayer, Including the "Prayer for Our City," 

Rauschenbusch 

A Response by the Choir 

The Reception of the Morning Offering 

The Offertory by the Choir 

The Announcements 

A Hymn — "Faith of our fathers" Tune St. Catherine 

The Sermon 

59 




HORACE F. HOLTON, D. D. 
Member of Sunday Committee, Compiler Uniform Order of Worship 



A Closing Hymn. — The Brockton Centennial Hymn. 
Tune, Harwell 
("Hark, Ten Thousand Harps and Voices") 

Come, ye loyal sons of Brockton, 
Tell the tale with joyful lays; 

Sing the earnest faith and effort 
Leading to these "Memory Days." 
Looking backward down the years, 
Can we help but give God praise ? 
Allelulia,— Allelulia,— Allelulia,— 

Amen. 

Country village, infant city ; 

Onward, upward, lead the pace 
Till one hundred years have measured 

What they held of strength and grace. 

Sturdy forebears, striving on. 

We with pride your history trace. 
Allelulia,— Allelulia,— Allelulia,— 

Amen. 

Let us honor those who built you, 
Made you, city that we know ; 

Native born or since adopted, 
Station high or station low, 
All have builded who have striven ; 
We now reap what they did sow. 
Allelulia,— Allelulia,— Allelulia,— 

Amen. 

Thus one hundred years have vanished — 

Save to memory, lost to view ; 
What shall be the message left us. 

When Centennial passes too ? 

—Effort ; courage ; strength ; and will ; 

Brockton's sons by faith renew. 
Allelulia,— Allelulia,— Allelulia,— 

Amen. 

— Arthur L. Atzvood. 
61 



A Final Service of Prayer. Minister and the People 

Grant, O Lord, that we may never forget that we are the 
citizens of no mean city, nor may we be ever unmindful that 
it can truly prosper only as we are dominated by the ideals of 
true religion, expressed in our daily lives by acts of justice, 
righteousness and good will. To this end help us now, and in 
the years to come, build strong and sure the Church of our God 
in the heart of our city. 

The Choir — "Amen" 
The Benediction 
The Organ Postlude 

THE BROCKTON CHURCHES— JUNE. 1921 

Organised 

1737 — First Parish Congregational Church. 

Without a minister. 
1827 — The New Jerusalem Church. 

Rev. Russell Eaton, Minister. 
1830 — Pearl Street Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Rev. John S. Bridgford, Minister. 
1837 — South Congregational Church. 

Rev. Seeley K. Tompkins, Minister. 
1842 — Central Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Rev. Joseph Cooper, Minister. 
1850 — Porter Congregational Church. 

Rev. Horace F. Holton, Minister. 
1856 — St. Patrick's Catholic Church. 

• Very Rev. Bartholomew F. Killilea, Pastor. 
1858 — First Universalist Church. 

Rev. George Wilson Scudder, Minister. 
1867 — First Swedish Ev. Lutheran Church. 

Rev. Peter Froeberg, Minister. 
1868 — St. Paul's Episcopal Church. 

Rev. David B. Matthews, Rector. 
1876 — First Baptist Church. 

Rev. James Holmes, Minister. 

62 



1878 — Swedish Congregational Church. 

Rev. Axel Bergstedt, Minister. 
1879 — South Street Methodist Episcopal. 

Rev. George Elmer Mossman, Minister. 
1881— Unity Church. 

Rev. Samuel B. Nobbs, Minister. 
1883 — Swedish Baptist Church. 

Rev. A. Alfred Engdahl, Minister. 
1884 — Wales Ave. Baptist Church. 

Rev. L. M. Olmstead, Minister. 
1886— North Baptist Church. 

Rev. F. W. French, Minister. 
1887 — Advent Christian Church. 

Rev. James McLaughlin, Minister. 
1887 — Warren Ave. Baptist Church. 

No minister. 
1889— Franklin Methodist Church. 

Rev. Charles H. VanNatter, Minister. 
1890 — Swedish Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Rev. G. Setterstrom, Minister. 
1893— Olivet Memorial C. and M. Alliance. 

Rev. F. L. Allen, Minister. 
1893 — Sacred Heart Catholic Church. 

Rev. Victor Choquette, Pastor. 
1896 — Waldo Congregational Church. 

Rev. Charles M. Crooks, Minister. 
1896 — St. Edward's Catholic Church. 

Rev. T. F. Brannan, Pastor. 
1897— Messiah Baptist Church. 

Rev. Benjamin G. Brawley, Minister. 
1897 — Lincoln Congregational Church. 

Rev. Martin C. Jennings, Minister. 
1897 — Wendell Avenue Congregational Church. 

Rev. Alvin P. Cummins, Minister. 
1898— First Church of Christ, Scientist. 

Mrs. Gertrude Tilden Thompson, First Reader. 

63 



1890 — United Presbyterian Church. 

Rev. Samuel A. Jackson, Minister. 
1900 — Agudas Achim Synagogue. 

Rabbi A. S. Borvick. 
L902- Si. Margaret's Catholic Church. 

Rev. Alexander Hamilton, Pastor. 
1903— St. Rocco's Catholic Church. 

Rev. John Svagsdz, Pastor. 
1910 — St. Colman's Catholic Church. 

Rev. William J. Fennessy, Pastor. 
1^11 — Anshe Svard Synagogue. 

Rabbi A. S. Borvick. 
1914 — Our Lady of Ostrabrama Catholic Church. 

Rev. Ignatius E. Limont, Pastor. 
1016 — Greek ( )rthodox Catholic Church. 

Rev. George Gazetas. Pastor. 
1920— Martland Ave. Baptist Church. 

Rev. E. W. Mitchell, Minister. 



CENTENNIAL SUNDAY PULPIT MESSAGES 



Space will not permit more than a brief abstract from the 
excellent discourses of the Day. It was evident that much 
thought had been given to the Anniversary, and the preachers 
readily rose to the great occasion. 

The First Parish Congregational Church 
"There is something greater than teams and regiments which 
blaze their way through one season, one war, one generation, and 
that is the regiment that lights on from generation to generation, 
holds a common purpose with all that has been and all that is to 
be great ; is comrade with all the hue free hearts of the centuries. 
the church of Jesus Christ. 

"But the church, a Congregational church, an old Congrega- 
tional church! Isn't it rather out of the glow and movement of 
things today, a thinking church in an age when people just want 
to play? A self-responsible church in an age when people leave 

64 



even the souls of their children to the public schools and the 
movies and look to government and the labor union to make the 
Kingdom of Heaven? 

"The world says the church alone can save society and then 
insists the church shall stand for nothing society doesn't like. 
The world wants the church's saving qualities, but demands that 
the church become deliquescent, liquidate, and have no saving 
qualities. If the church is narrow-minded, so is a board of 
health. We are satisfied that the one way rum can be handled 
is by prohibition. Narrow-minded ! So is a mother and the more 
narrow-minded she is the better mother she is. The Wall Street 
Journal, Roger Babson. the cabinet minister, do not mean the 
'church' when they say the church alone can save society. Cer- 
tainly they do not mean this timid thing that is split up into 240 
different camps. They mean Jesus Christ. It is God who is 
going to save the world." 

— The Rev. J. Lee Mitchell, Attleboro. 



The Porter Congregational Church 

"What Brockton needs for the future is the right sort of folks 
for her citizenship. It is more and better religion that Brockton 
needs. This religion must not be the religion of individualism, 
which, in its emphasis, doctrines, ceremonies and governments, 
divides men into opposing ecclesiastical camps. It must be the 
religion that solidifies men, that emphasizes the great social re- 
quirements of religion, righteousness, justice and brotherliness. A 
religion that knows no creed nor caste nor race in the great family 
of God, and in the glorious commonwealth of the souls of men. 

"And the manifestation of the spirit of true religion which we 
must have will come in the spirit of victorious faith. Faith in 
ourselves, faith in our institutions, faith in our city and in her 
future, a faith that every citizen will back with all the energy 
and money and influence which he has. We must have the faith 
that can look down through the years and see a richer, happier 

65 




"« 



Brockton, filled with enthusiastic loyal citizens all working to- 
gether for the good of all in the spirit of the Master, and then 
will set out resolutely to realize the dream : 

" 'That sees beyond the years 

An alabaster city gleam 

Undimmed by human tears.' ' 

—The Rev. Horace F. Holton, D.D., Pastor. 



The South Congregational Church 

Emphasizing the fact that the town was builded upon a reli- 
gious Christian foundation, the first settlers being gathered into 
one religious community, Rev. Seeley K. Tompkins, D.D., Pastor, 
outlined the growth of the City, the building of Churches and the 
succeeding expansion of a Century. 

He compared the development of Brockton with that of the 
West. During the gold strikes, communities were established 
with gold as the objective and inspiring factor. The churches 
appeared later in their history, to instruct the people in the 
manner of living. 

The speaker expressed the hope that evidences of greater pros- 
perity would mark the second century of the City's life. He 
urged the congregation to a finer displa}' of faith in God, to a 
nobler patriotism. 

The First Baptist Church 

The evening sermon was an appreciation of the City from ex- 
perience covering four years. 

"Brockton can be well proud of its large number of Christian 
business men, the splendid co-operation of the press, with all 
religious activities destined to bring good to the municipality, the 
wonderful Christian work accomplished by the Visiting Nurse 
Association and local hospitals, and the Christian fellowship and 
brotherhood found among the ministers and churches. 

"There has never been a city equal or bigger in size where I 
have found such a large number of public-spirited noble Christian 

67 



citizens, nearly all of whom are tied up with some active church 
or community work for Christian advancement. The rising 
generation can look back with pride upon the present business 
men whose ability to make money and the money itself is turned 
into Christian channels to promote Christian enterprises. 

"Thanks to the newspapers, the ministers do not preach to small 
congregations." 

— The Rev. James Holmes, Pastor. 

St. Paul's Episcopal Church 

The Rector described Brockton as : "A very progressive city, a 
desirable place to live in. It is the largest shoe city in the world 
and has beautiful churches, fine school houses, with largest High 
school in this part of the country, a splendid library, a great 
Y. M. C. A. and Y. W. C. A., a very efficient fire department, 
a very able police force, enterprising and well-edited news- 
papers, playgrounds and other civic attractions. All denote prog- 
ress and enterprise and speak well for the caliber of the men who 
have contributed of their time, thought, labor and money to make 
the first 100 years of this city count for so much prosperity." 

He added that it was the mission of the church to assist, where 
possible, in beautifying the city in appearance as well as purifying 
it from evil agencies, making the city a place of beauty and a 
place of helpfulness and purity. 

— The Rev. David B. Matthews. S.T.D.. Rector. 

The Central Methodist Church 

"Social life is to be undergirded by moral considerations. How 
can we build our City of Truth? 'We are to be true to the good 
men who laid the foundations of the city. Loyalty to those who 
have labored and suffered in the past constitutes a fine element of 
citizenship. We should be true to the neighborly feeling that 
seeks the good of all. In a city of this size, we become known 
to each other. Civic virtue should incline us to social helpfulness. 
Love of city should lead us to seek the good of all its citizens. 

68 



"We should be true to the best things in the life of the city 
for the sake of example and influence. A good citizen is a moral 
asset of immeasurable value. In the city, life is jammed together 
and our personal influence is correspondingly large. We should 
be true to the things that make our future secure. To education, 
which should be free, broad, ethical, and practical ; to law, which 
should have from all of us respect and obedience. We must be 
true to religion, the life and power of all that is truest and best 
in the world or the future. From that source of highest good 
may arise the spirit and power of the finest citizenship." 

— The Rev. Joseph Cooper, Pastor. 

The Pearl Street Methodist Church 

"Are we God-fearing and God-serving citizens? Surely a 
question of grave importance asked in all relations to human life. 
Oh, how much we are dependent upon God for the advancement 
of city civilization and advantages ! Yet as in the old city of 
Enoch, there exists in ours of today much opposition to God, 
higher humanity and good citizenship. 

"When an individual neglects his God, his church, he takes 
away a factor for city improvement. The great problem of the 
day is to make a God-fearing and serving environment. Our 
prosperity is based on qualities of faith, temperance, service and 
thrift, the products of religious life. Personal righteousness must 
enter into city life. We must study civic problems." 

— The Rev. John S. B rid g ford, D.D., Pastor. 



The Church of the New Jerusalem 

The Pastor stated that years ago people went to church whether 
they wanted to or not, but that today people follow their own 
inclinations. Although there seems to be a falling away from 
church attendance, he was optimistic in regard to the matter, say- 
ing that the natural desire to go to church would come back to the 
masses of the people, in time. He also said that while children 

69 



must be made to go to church and Sunday school, the real 
Christian spirit in the heart of man should not be forced, but 
must come from a natural desire. He urged that* this desire in 
the hearts of the people of Brockton be encouraged. 

— The Rev. Russell Eaton, Pastor. 

The Church of the Unity. 

The Minister commended the work of the city and spoke of 
the high morals which prevail. He commented on the fact that 
so many people owned their own homes. He hoped the time 
would come when we might have a religion of America, not one 
brought across the water. He expressed the hope that before the 
next hundred years should elapse, it would be possible to attend 
a church service which could be enjoyed without passing a 
number of perfectly good churches because one could not believe 
in them. The word picture was of a religion of America such 
as all might enjoy, though not accepting it in all particulars, and 
he expressed the hope that labor disagreements and industrial 
misunderstandings might soon be a thing of the past. The 
theme was "You will confer the greatest benefits on your city, 
not by raising its roof, but by exalting its souls." 

— The Rev. Samuel B. Nobbs, Pastor. 

The Uxiversalist Church 

"We have learned to work together with a good degree of 
Christian brotherliness, and have developed a commendable civic 
morale. We must continue and improve upon the policies of 
the past that have made us a great city. We should keep before 
us the goal of an ideal city. One of the most important things 
is to continue to place the emphasis on the church first. The 
teachings of religion have nurtured all that is noblest and best 
in the lives of the citizens of Brockton and have been the chief 
factor in developing the moral fiber of our people. If we are 
to conserve our city and build it greater, we must look sharply 
to the development of our home life. 

70 



We have learned many lessons in working together. We have 
built up a world-wide reputation as leaders in adjusting industrial 
conditions on a fair basis. Brockton has become famous for the 
practice of arbitration and it is our privilege to carry that great 
Christian principle of the fair deal forward to the highest point. 
Another thing which will make for the greatness of our city is 
to improve our recreation facilities that we may learn to play 
together and become better acquainted. We ought to seek to 
make a wise use of our leisure time by making the most of our 
opportunities for recreation and true neighborliness and breaking 
down barriers of class or race or creed. 

— The Rev. George Wilson Scudder, Pastor. 

Other Church Topics 

"Making the City Glad" — The Rev. Martin C. Jennings, Lin- 
coln Congregational. 

"The Prosperity of the City" — Rabbi A. S. Bervick. Agudas 
Achim Synagogue. 

"A Sure Foundation" — The Rev. Benjamin Brawley, Messiah 
Baptist. 

"A Promise for Brockton" — The Rev. Samuel A. Jackson, 
United Presbyterian. 

"The City of God" — The Rev. Peter Froeberg, D.D., Swedish 
Lutheran. 



CONCERT AND COMMUNITY SING— SUNDAY 
AFTERNOON 



Following the morning exercises by the Churches, was a most 
appropriate assembly at the Fair Grounds at 5 o'clock when 15,000 
men, women and children formally opened the Centennial week. 
The program planned by the Sunday Committee carried the 
official warrant in the presence and message of His Honor, Mayor 
Roger Keith, who read a Proclamation setting apart the week 

71 



of remembrance. Martland's Band of fifty pieces, Mace Gay, 
conductor, and a huge chorus led by George Sawyer Dunham, 
furnished music. In the singing of hymns and songs, the great 
audience enthusiastically joined. 

The following program was rendered : 

March — "America Victorious" Bagley 

The Band 

Songs — "America" "Come, Thou Almighty King" 

Selections by the Band — 

From "Rigoletto" Verdi 

Overture from "William Tell" Rossini 

"The Stars and Stripes Forever" Sousa 

Centennial Proclamation — Mayor Keith 

^ "Whereas on June 15. 1921, the community known as the 
City of Brockton will be 100 years old, and 

"Whereas, hundreds of people are now enthusiastically ren- 
dering service in order that this event may be suitably marked, 
and 

"Y\ hereas, our City with its usual spirit desires to com- 
memorate as a whole this Anniversary, 

"I do therefore set aside the week of June 12th to 18th for 
fitting observation thereof, for the welcome of returning citi- 
zens for the promotion of personal friendship, for the proper 
climax to 100 years oi successful growth, for the first step in 
our second century. 

"May Almighty God continue to bless and prosper our City. 

"Given under my hand and seal this seventh dav of Tune, 
A. D., 1921." 

Roger Keith, Mayor. 

A Prayer for Our City — Written by Walter Rauschenbusch 

Read by The Rev. Horace F. Holton, D.D., 

Pastor Porter Congregational Church 
Singing — "Centennial Hymn" Written for the Anniversary 

By Arthur L. Atwood, Brockton 
"Battle Hymn of the Republic" 
"Love's Old Sweet Song" 
"Dixie" 

72 




ADRIAN P. COTE 
Member of the Executive, Chairman of Publicity Committee 



Suite — "Don Quixote" Safranck 

1 Spanish Milage 

2 Danza 

3 Dulcinea 

4 Don Quixote 

Singing— 

"Smiles" 

"Old Folks at Home" 

"There's a Long-, Long Trail" 

Grand Selection by the Band — 

Songs from The Old Folks Lake 

The program concluding with a remarkable rendering of "The 
Star Spangled Banner," by the audience and band. 

(Centennial Hymn received award offered by Sunday Committee. Included in 
Morning Order of Services, page 61.) 



MONDAY: DECORATIONS AND EXHIBITS 

The City presented a gala day appearance. In accord with the 
suggestions of the Executive Committee, corporations and citi- 
zens made lavish use of the colors. An appropriation of $500 
was granted as encouragement to the merchants. The Official 
Banner hung across Main Street, just north of Crescent, at- 
tracted much attention. The Chamber of Commerce co-operated 
in a unique way : numerous small evergreens in cement receptacles 
were placed along the walks throughout the business section. 
Among the notable decorations aside from public buildings, were 
those of the Commercial Club. Fraternal houses, factories and 
business blocks generally recognized the occasion and fairly 
blossomed with flags, bunting and special designs. It is not too 
much to say that never in Brockton's history has there been such 
a genuine and unanimous desire to make the City attractive. 

Early in the Centennial planning historic and memorial exhibits 
were projected. The Chamber of Commerce, through the retail 
Merchant's Bureau, William R. Cook, Chairman, undertook a 
definite campaign for individual publicity in window and press 

74 




FRED E. HILTON 
Secretary Chamber of Commerce, Member of General Committee 



advertising, having a distinctive Centennial flavor. There was 
an admirable response and the stores were rewarded by the 
crowds which viewed their efforts. 

Edgar P. Howard exhibited a collection of water color sketches 
in the window of the millinery store of Miss Celia Burke. Among 
them : "The First Shipment of Shoes from North Bridgewater," 
(1811) ; Mis' Jones' School with her Rewards of Merit; "Main 
Street in 1837." One of the notable memorials was the desk 
used by the Selectmen in drawing up papers creating the new 
Town of North Bridgewater, in 1821. 

Edison Electric Company gave prominent place to a portrait 
of Mr. Edison (see p. 25) and pictures of its plants in this 
vicinity. 

At Brassard's Variety Store, 222 Court Street, were exhibited 
by Charles S. W. Sanford, two photographs showing the First 
Steam Fire Engine and first Hose Cart. The pictures were 
taken at Perkins Park, 1876, the year of their commission. Am- 
brose Kane & Co., Enterprise Building, showed sketches and 
etchings of early North Bridgewater and Brockton. A variety 
of old furniture, heirlooms and firearms were displayed in Wil- 
son's Smoke Shop, Main Street. Storey & Co., Washburn Block, 
made a most interesting exhibit of priceless gowns under the 
title, "Fashion Show of the 1860 Period." Among them that 
worn at her wedding by Mrs. Ellen K. Joslyn (Mrs. Elisha H.) 
in 1857, and also the' wedding gown of Mrs. Georgietta A. Reed 
(Mrs. William), 1874. 

Wilson's Studio presented in its wall- window, a collection of 
old photographs made by David T. Burrell, a pioneer in Brock- 
ton. This group, gathered half a century ago, included a print 
of the late George E. Keith. Plymouth County Trust Company 
showed in two windows, the Old and New, pictures illustrating 
the community through the middle and present periods of devel- 
opment. Many of these were loaned by Frank E. Packard. The 
photograph of the factory owned by Peleg S. Leach, standing 
upon the present site of the Police Station, attracted much atten- 
tion. One of the most instructive contributions to the educa- 



77 



tional side of the Celebration was made through the press : The 
Times illustrating its issues with pictures of present public build- 
ings and The Enterprise exhibiting a valuable series of old views 
illustrating special articles. Glazier, photographer, showed a 
picture of the Grover disaster of 1905. 

At the Public Library, Mr. Whitmore and his associates ar- 
ranged a unique exhibit of women's costumes from 1840 to the 
present, made from fashion plates. In the Art room, many 
photographs of Colonial furniture were shown. Fraser Dry 
Goods Co. had an artistic display, centering in two shawls of ye 
olde tyme. One is the property of Mrs. A. G. Waterman, date 
of 1826 ; and the other, a Paisley, owned by Mrs. Silas Daven- 
port, and belonging to the same period. Cook & Tyndall Co. 
showed dress goods of 1848 and other interesting mementos. 

Appropriately the collection of portraits of the principals of 
the High School was completed and exhibited Centennial Week. 
Headmaster Merle S. Getchell. seventh in the succession, was 
responsible for the securing of this important contribution to local 
educational history. The group includes: J. G. Leavitt. 1864- 
1866; Alfred Laws. 1866-1868; Edward W. Rice, 1868-1869; 
Alonzo Meserve. 1869-1870; Edward Parker, January. 1871-1906 
as principal, afterward teacher of American history and principal 
emeritus until October, 1914. when retired by law ; Charles T. 
C. Whitcomb, 1906-1914. 

Among the residences having special historical significance and 
so indicated were the Bryant Homestead, Belmont Street (see 
pp. 39-43 ), owned today by the William Cullen Bryant Asso- 
ciation, and the house built in 1881 by former-Governor William 
L. Douglas on West Elm Street, now occupied by Charles R. 
Storey. 

Notable interest was taken in the Centennial by local banks: 
Brockton National issued a gold souvenir medal carrying a design 
symbolic of the progress of the city. These were widely distrib- 
uted. Plymouth County Trust Company published a four-page 
folder with views of Brockton and a historical and interpretive 
article. 

78 



THE PORTER MEMORIAL SERVICE 

/;; Commemoration of the Ministry of the First Pastor, 
The Reveren d John P orter, 1740-1800 

While not originally a part of the Centennial observance as 
planned by the Central Committee, the exercises held on Tuesday 
afternoon, June 14, at the grave of the First Minister of the 
North Parish of Bridgewater, readily became important in the 
week's recognition of formative influences. The ceremonies were 
held in the old First Parish Cemetery on Main Street nearly 
opposite Grove, on the grounds lately acquired by a new corpora- 
tion of descendents of Mr. Porter's contemporaries, for improve- 
ment and perpetual care. 

The exercises were in charge of The Rev. Warren P. Landers, 
representing the First Parish, and The Rev. Horace F. Holton, 
D.D., Minister of Porter Church. They were assisted by The 
Rev. Seeley K. Tompkins, D.D., Minister of the South Congrega- 
tional Church and a quartet consisting of Miss Theresa Sprague, 
Miss Ellen Nelson, Louis Carroll and John R. Jones, singing 
hymns of the period. During the exercises the chimes in the 
First Parish tower played appropriately. 

After a selection by the quartet and scripture reading from 
Ecclesiasticus XLIV by Dr. Tompkins, prayer was offered by 
Dr. Holton. On behalf of the Churches, a Memorial wreath was 
then placed upon the headstone by Suzanne Cary Gruver and 
Bertha Corliss Landers, of the Pilgrim Daughters of First Parish, 
and Mrs. O. W. Adams and Mrs. William H. Thayer of the 
United Workers of Porter Church. 

The first address follows : 

A Portrait of the First Minister of 
North Bridgewater 

By Rev. Warren P. Landers 
Upon early 18th Century canvas it is my privilege to sketch 
a portrait of the First Minister of the North Parish of Bridge- 
water. 



79 



John Porter was a native of Abington, our nearby neighbor 
on the east, where he was born in 1716. His parents, Samuel 
and Mary Porter, in accord with the godly habit of their genera- 
tion, dedicated him to the gospel ministry. For that period of 
New England history, Harvard College was the only considerable 
center of education. There pious folk sent their sons. Graduates 
were chiefly candidates for the sacred office, even as among 
cultured people the clergy formed the leading class. At twenty, 
John Porter had graduated. Records are not clear as to his life 
for the next three years (1736-39), but we assume that, after 
the manner of the times, he studied divinity with some leading 
clergyman, fitting himself both for the polemic work in which 
the pulpit of that day so much delighted and for the pastoral 
service to which he later gave wisdom and zeal. 

When he was twenty-three, Mr. Porter candidated for the 
Fourth Church in Bridgewater. This Parish had been set apart 
in 1739. Its meeting house, begun two years before, was not 
finished till 1749. It occupied a site not far from the present 
First Parish Congregational Church, whose chimes just rang 
in beautiful cadence Wesley's hymn— "Jesus, Lover of My Soul," 
composed in the year of Mr. Porter's actual pastoral beginning 
in this community. He was called to the Church August 25, 
1740, and ordained to the Christian ministry the 15th of October 
following. 

The edifice was a simple board structure without steeple, bell 
or chimney. Warmth was supplied from the pulpit. Diamond- 
shaped panes filled the windows. It was gradually completed 
according to funds and the wishes of individual families. Pews 
were erected by purchasers of floor space, as required. The 
records show men's and women's galleries approached by separate 
stairs, and also a distinct section for the few colored people of 
that clay. 

Amidst such material conditions, in a straggling New England 
village still under foreign control, Mr. Porter began his long 
ministry of sixty years. "His qualifications, both natural and 
acquired," quaintly wrote Bradford Kingman, "were peculiarly 

81 



respectable." His mind was alert. While not controversial as 
many in his generation, he was an able defender of the Faith 
as he received it, and for the period of stress through which the 
Colonists passed in 76 and in succeeding years he manifested 
a patriotic spirit which endeared him to the entire countryside. 

Among the factors to which he himself attributed usefulness, 
was his acquaintance, later ripening into friendship, with that 
renowned spiritual leader, George Whitfield, who visited America 
(1738) just prior to Mr. Porter's coming to the Parish and again 
in 1744. On this last itinerary, the famous preacher came to 
Boston. During the weeks following November 24th, Whitfield 
preached "in the southern part of the province." It was then, 
presumably, that he occupied the pulpit, whose minister we are 
commemorating. Recalling the friendship of Whitfield for Wes- 
ley, we can see how the forces of evangelical teaching moved upon 
Mr. Porter and doubtless accounted for the revivals which were 
later recalled in a historical address given in 1820 (Daniel Hun- 
tington. 1812-33, First Church; 1840-53, South Church). There 
Mr. Huntington says that in "six successive periods Mr. Porter 
was gladdened by a powerful effusion of the Holy Spirit and 
enlargement of the Church." Under such dispensation and with 
the needs of the growing parish, a new meeting house was dedi- 
cated in 1763. In his first sermon in the second edifice, the pastor 
preached from the words: "The glory of this latter House shall 
be greater than of the former" ( Haggai 11:9). 

An illustration of his resourcefulness is in what Dr. Francis 
E. Clark acknowledges to have been in spirit and practice a 
true Christian Endeavor Society. Within two years of his begin- 
ning here, he organized a reading and prayer circle among his 
young people. One article provided for a roll-call and the over- 
sight of absentees. In the interest of Christian training, Mr. 
Porter later published an address, "The Evangelical Plan : An 
Attempt to Form Right Notions and to Establish Them in the 
Minds of People." 

We sometimes think of old days in New England towns as 
wholly quiet and peaceful. It is true that they were pastoral 

82 



in simplicity but there were years of stress in the life of the 
State Men of this Parish furnished bone and sinew for military 
expeditions during Mr. Porter's ministry-French and Indian 

, ru^ R T ,Uti0n - Judging fr ° m the ro " of soldiei " s applied 
by Old Bndgewater, we can justly infer that Mr. Porter's patri- 
otic utterances fired zeal and kept unflagging the defence and 
support ot the home-lines. An interesting side-light upon the 
times as well indicating the spirit of this Minister, may be seen 
m a homely event which took place on the birthday of Napoleon 
Bonaparte, August 15, 1769. It was a famous donation party 
and while it swelled the -180 pounds per year" agreed upon in 
the 1/40 call, it served to distinguish alike the spirit of Parson 
and People. Young women— ninety-seven in all— met at the 
minister's house and presented Mrs. Porter for family uses 
3,322 "knots" of linen, tow, cotton, and woolen yarn, which they 
had spun tor that purpose. This was in the days of strong anti- 
Bntish sentiment, and the presentation was intended to convey 
that idea in the colonial products. After strictly home refresh- 
ments, all repaired to the Church, where Mr. Porter preached on 
Dorcas and her good works. The service closed with an original 
hymn composed by the pastor. 

This reference brings us to the family of the Early Minister 
which was considerable and influential in its legacy to the Town 
and State. Mr. Porter first married Olive Johnson of Canter- 
bury, Connecticut, who with her child died in 1749. Later he 
wedded Mary Huntington of Lebanon of that State, with whom 
he lived for fifty years and to whose character and devotion he 
owed much for success and reputation. She died November 22, 
1801. There were eight children in this household. Three be- 
came ministers: John, Huntington, and Eliphalet. The first 
rose to rank of Major in the Revolutionary War. The others 
served for fifty years with distinction in their father's calling. 
A daughter, Mary, married a clergyman. Jonathan became a 
surgeon and was lost at sea. David died in youth. Two other 
daughters were Olive and Sybil. 

Mr. Porter continued to serve the Church actively till 1800; 



83 



when in response to his request, the Parish gave him a colleague 
in his labors. The pulpit privileges were divided still, for in 
February, 1802, the aged clergyman preached from the text : 
"I Must Work the Works of Him That Sent Me While It Is 
Day." Three weeks later, March 12, 1802, he passed into the 
land where is no night. Venerated in life and lamented in death, 
today a grateful people recalls his virtues and deeds. 

And so they brought him hither. Tenderly the Fathers laid 
him in this place hallowed by many such occasions in his long 
ministry. Here they wrote, as we. may read after a lapse of 
more than a hundred years : THEY THAT BE WISE SHALL 
SHINE AS THE BRIGHTNESS OF THE FIRMAMENT; 
AND THEY THAT TURN MANY TO RIGHTEOUSNESS 
AS THE STARS FOR EVER AND EVER. It is a gracious 
thought that in our Centennial year this God's Acre is to be 
renovated and beautified by the descendants of his office bearers 
in that First Church to which this modern City owes so much 
for strength and goodness. 

May we be increasingly worthy of such a heritage. May the 
Churches which perpetuate his memory give themselves to their 
tasks in these commanding times with sincere and untiring devo- 
tion. Refreshed by these Centennial Days may this community 
be strengthened for its social, industrial and civic life. 

The second address was in part as follows : — ■ 

The Influence of the Early New England Minister 

By Rev. Horace F. Holt on, D.D. 

It is well for us to come aside for an hour in this Centennial 
Week, into this neglected old parish burying-ground. to lay a 
wreath on the grave of the man who was the first minister in 
this community. To my mind this cemetery is symbolic of the 
forgetfulness that is in the minds of many New Englanders con- 
cerning the most powerful influence that helped to shape the 
character and destiny of this part of the United States, in which 
we take such rightful pride. 

84 



New England owes her place of influence in this land of ours 
to the sturdy men and women whom she reared on her rock-ribbed 
farms, and in her quiet country villages, and then scattered all 
over the land, to be leaders in industry, and to be examples of 
integrity and righteousness. Those folks were moulded by the 
home, the school and the church of those days. And all three 
of these agencies were, in almost every community, dominated 
and inspired by a single outstanding personality, the village min- 
ister, of whom John Porter, the man whom we are here to honor, 
was a faithful and consistent example. 

A thoughtless age like ours is too apt to be satisfied with super- 
ficial judgments. We recall the hard and often narrow aspects 
of the characters of some of the New England divines, and we 
read with amazement of their heated controversies over abstract 
theological questions in which we are no longer interested. We 
read of their strivings of soul, and of their doubts as to their 
own salvation, and their gloomy discourses about hell, and we are 
apt to conclude that they were kill-joys, frantically leading their 
people into the barren pastures of bigotry. But a more careful 
study of their lives reveals them as men of extraordinary charac- 
ter. They were far better than their theology. The fact that 
the most of them had pastorates lasting a lifetime is a revelation 
of their human qualities. They went to a place and settled for 
life among their people. They spent long hours in painstaking 
study ; we read of some of them who made it a practice to be in 
their studies from 14 to 16 hours every day. They were men of 
real and intense personal devotion. They often had a very humble 
idea of themselves but they always had a very exalted idea of their 
calling. 

Those were days when there were few if any newspapers, and 
little communication with the outside world, and the minister was 
the only college-educated man in his community. The result 
was that he was looked up to by all. From him they received 
their ideas about this world and the next. He was their guide in 
government as well as in religion. It is not too' much to say that 
the whole life of America has been shaped for good by these men 

85 




t o th e 



a 



vr-r if" U^&lj 

^y§* .^ w*ii | i ,iL ] i? 



v- j m 




Pageant 

FAIR GROUNDS 

June 15-16, 1921 



EXHIBITS - A^Me^ni? " SP0RTS 



June 12-18-1921 



CENTENNIAL POSTER 
Drawn by Charles W. Holmes 



of God, who, by their learning, their piety and their practical 
wisdom led their people along the ways of God, and shaped their 
lives according to the austere pattern which they found in their 
Bible. 

The quartet sang "There is a Land of Pure Delight," and the 
exercises closed with Benediction by Mr. Landers. 



FRATERNAL NIGHT— TUESDAY, JUNE 14 

The Centennial Committee made large provision for social 
opportunity. It emphasized for the week Old Home features, but 
Tuesday evening was set aside for special expression. Upwards 
of a hundred Clubs and Lodges planned Open House Night. As 
has been noted elsewhere, their advance guards came early to 
North Bridgewater and have through the years been conspicuous 
in their success. They have in general contributed to the social, 
benevolent and civic life of the Community. 

On Fraternal Night, many organizations presented carefully 
prepared programs; some included historical addresses of special 
value. One of the most notable gatherings was at the Commercial 
Club where its waiting list of sixty were special guests. Presi- 
dent J. Frank Beal introduced D. Brewer Eddy, one of the Secre- 
taries of the American Board for Missions of Boston, as speaker. 
The address was historical and inspirational, and stressed the 
need of the preservation of the old ideals by industrial leaders 
today. 

Dr. Ezra W. Clark made the principal address before the 
Anchor Lodge, I. O. O. F., M. U., and the scarlet degree was 
conferred on a large class of candidates. Refreshments were 
served by a committee in charge of Harold E. Allen. There 
were many special guests. 

The Masonic event of the evening was at Paul Revere Hall, 
where the exercises were in charge of John N. Howard, W. M. 
Musical selections by the South Congregational quartet and 
luncheon preceded the addresses. Former Mayor David W. Bat- 
tles, a Past Master of the Lodge, traced the history of Masonry 
in North Bridgewater since the dispensation organizing a lodge 

87 



in February, 1856. Warren P. Landers, Chaplain. Joseph Webb 
Lodge, Boston, and of Baalis Sanford Lodge of this City, empha- 
sized the spirit of brotherhood as the assurance arid safeguard 
of the future. 

An elaborate program was presented by Massasoit Lodge, Can- 
ton Nemasket, Unity Encampment, and the four Rebekah Lodges 
of Brockton, at Canton Hall. Nature dances, selections by the 
orchestra, solos, readings, refreshments and the presentation of 
a chair to Major Daniel W. Packard, were features of the 
evening. Grand Lodge officers were in attendance. 

The Knights of Pythias interpreted the spirit of the occasion : 
Damocles Lodge met in the Temple where interesting exercises 
were held including a Flag address (June 14) by the Rev. Joseph 
Cooper of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Montello Lodge 
entertained its auxiliary, Sabrina A. Frye Camp, and out-of-town 
a brief address and greatly enjoyed an evening which also in- 
cluded a musical entertainment. 

Brockton Divisions of the Ancient Order of Hibernians kept 
open house under direction of a committee at the head of which 
was County President John J. Sheehan. Postmaster Edward 
Gilmore gave a history of the organization and Mayor Keith 
brought the greetings of the City. 

Knights of Sherwood Forest (Brockton Conclave) entertained 
visiting members, including Supreme Quartermaster General, 
L. A. Main. Addresses and refreshments were enjoyed. 

The Brockton Nest of Owls met in specially decorated quarters, 
welcomed guests and listened to talks by Supreme Organizer 
Robert Simpson and William D. Dwyer. There was a program 
of entertainment. 

The Young Men's Hebrew Association held a social and re- 
ceived Mayor Keith as guest. Interwoven with national colors 
were the Zionist light blue and white decorations. A committee 
of which Abraham Horowitz was chairman, served refreshments. 




FRANK H. WHITMORE 

Chairman of the Pageant Committee 

Member of Executive and Book Committees 



The Spanish War Veterans, Major James A. Frye Camp, 
entertained its auxiliary, Sabrina A. Frye Camp, and out-of-town 
guests. A banquet was served. Jeremiah E. Sullivan, past com- 
mander, reviewed the history of North Bridgewater. 

Shoe City Wheelmen observed the night at headquarters in 
Clark's Block. Pictures of old-time cycle riders were exhibited 
and a greeting received from A. H. Matson, first president of 
the Club. Entertainment and refreshments were the order. Presi- 
dent C. Arthur Lendh was toastmaster. 

Club Nationale held a dancing party at headquarters on Court 
Street. An orchestra of five pieces furnished music for one hun- 
dred couples. Exhibition dances and a collation were features 
of the evening. 

The Young Men's Christian Association expanded the Night 
idea and made its program cover the Day. Tennis, swimming 
and checker championships and a "final" in a handball tourna- 
ment, won by C. F. Leighton, were important events. 

A Pop Concert was given at the Y. W. C. A. by the Brockton's 
Business Woman's Club. An orchestra and vocal soloists fur- 
nished music. There were dancing and refreshments. 

Among other organizations reporting Open House, but with 
no formal program, were : Brockton Aerie, F. O. E. ; Brockton 
Lodge, B. P. O. E. ; Brockton Lodge, L. O. O. M. ; Seville 
Council. K. of C. 



THE PAGEANT OF BROCKTON 

At the Fair Grounds, JVcdncsday and Thursday Evenings, 
June 15 and 16 



In a Year of Pageantry, Brockton's contribution was a distinct 
triumph from the historic, artistic and civic points of view. The 
author, Suzanne Cary Gruver, is entitled to great praise for her 
eminent gift to Centennial Week. Community life was expressed 
in visible form through action, color and grouping, dealing with a 
notable theme, by an uncommon caste, and reaching a Finale 

90 




LINWOOD TAFT 
Director of the Pageant of Brockton 



of wondrous beauty and inspiration. The Founding of the 
Town and its development, with pictures of history in many 
departments of human interest, were shown in the episodes pre- 
sented by more than 1.600 persons. 

From the time the Week's Program took definite shape, it 
crystalized into this form of memorial education and entertain- 
ment. Apart from the line co-operation of Committees and par- 
ticipants, a high local reason for the successful presentations of 
the Pageant, was in its staging at the Brockton Fair Grounds, 
where great events so often occur. The Agricultural Society 
management not only tendered the use of the Grounds and grand- 
stand seating accommodations, but co-operated in every way with 
generosity of time, service and experience. The public accepted 
the challenge to its interest and attendance. 

In setting up the Pageant, the Chairman. Frank H. YVhitmore, 
Public Librarian, gathered about him a group of workers who 
made its production their chief business for many weeks. When 
finally completed, the directing personnel of The Pageant was 
as follows : 

Executive Committee — Frank H. Whitmore, Chairman; Wil- 
lard F. Jackson, Executive Secretary ; Joseph F. Reilly, Corre- 
sponding Secretary ; John X. Howard. Treasurer ; William A. 
Bullivant, Harry W. Flagg. Mrs. S. J. Gruver, Warren S. Keith, 
Warren P. Landers. 

Director — Linwood Taft. 

Author — Suzanne Cary Gruver. 

Musical Director — George Sawyer Dunham. 

Production Committees 

Book — William T. Card, Chairman ; Mrs. S. J. Gruver, Warren 
P. Landers. 

Cast — Mrs. Oscar F. Emery, Chairman ; Mrs. W. A. Sampson, 
Mrs. A. A. Wilbur, Mrs. Merton Willis. 

Dancing — Miss Mary E. Fish, Chairman ; Miss Rubie Capen, 
Miss Marie Cote. Miss Florence Law. Miss Ida Horton, Miss 
Mae McGee. 

92 








i A John N. H oward 








PAGEANT EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

1. Representing City Council, 4. Treasurer. 7. Civic Representative 

2. Legal Advisor. 5. Chairman. 8. Centennial Secretary. 

3. Author. 6. Executive Secretary. 9. Corresponding Secretary. 




JOHN F. SCULLY 
Vice Chairman of Centennial Executive Committee 



Lighting — Harry C. Smith, Chairman; J. J. Cahill, L. M. 
Churbuck. 

Costumes — Mrs. M. F. Ellis, Chairman; Airs. J. J. Boyd, As- 
sistant Chairman; Mrs. \Y. B. Caswell, Miss Violet Ellis, Miss 
Katherine Field, Miss Marjorie Field, Mrs. Charles Groce, Miss 
Margaret Howard, Mrs. Erwin Reynolds, Miss Helen L. Tew. 
Mrs. C. G. Willard. 

Make Up — Edgard P. Howard, Chairman ; W. Fred Allen, Mrs. 
Arthur Blackey, Mrs. George W. R. Hill, George W. R. Hill, 
Mrs. H. B. Holmes, George Hull, Mrs. A. S. Kenney, Fred W. 
Sargent, Mrs. Harold Swain, Harold Swain. 

Music — George Sawyer Dunham, Chairman ; A. G. Baldwin, 
G. A. Boucher, T. Francis Burke, J. J. Cahill, Joseph E. Feeley, 
C. Lottie French, W. E. McGunnigle, Edward L. Pearson, Paulin 
Peterson, Morris Rafkin, F. A. Tonis. 

Properties — LeBaron Atherton, Chairman ; George W. Adams, 
U. A. Avery, Benjamin Taber. 

Publicity — Adrian P. Cote, Chairman ; James H. Burke, Fred 
E. Hilton, Ralph G. Paulding, Joseph F. Reilly, Albert G. Smith. 

Rehearsals — Chester A. Hickman, Chairman ; David Irving, 
George W. Livie. 

Scenery — Emil Lagergren, Chairman ; Giovanni Castano, Leslie 
Chamberlain, Joseph Rodolphele. 

Singing — Miss Harriette M. Perkins, Chairman; John Daley, 
Miss Ellen Freberg, Hjalmar Freberg, Miss Grace A. James. 
Ernest W. Stedman. 

Stage Construction and Grounds — Harry C. Briggs, Chairman ; 
C. H. Pope, Edward M. Thompson. 

Stage Management — William B. Freeman, Chairman; Alden 
Howard, Norman Petrie, Ernest W. Stedman. 

Tickets — Edward M. Thompson, Chairman ; Frank L. Crocker. 
Ralph P. Jackson, Horace Mann. 

Auto Parking — Fred Drew, Chairman; F .E. Constans, P. G. 
Flint. 

Police and Public Safety — Louis F. Eaton, Chairman; Walter 
Gil day, Angus Kennedy. 

95 




WILLIAM B. FREEMAN 
Chairman Pageant Stage Management 



The Executive Committee met regularly each Friday. On the 
evening of May 6th there was a dinner-conference of the Com- 
mittees and associated workers, at the Palace Hotel. The speakers 
were Chairman Whitmore ; Mayor Keith ; Dr. Horace F. Holton, 
who aroused much enthusiasm for the local production by his 
interpretation of the Pageant of St. Louis in 1914; Secretary 
Landers; and Linwood Taft, Boston, elected Pageant Director 
in March. Mr. Taft had been a Director of Pageantry, School 
of Education, University of Missouri ; Director of Pageant of 
Savannah, 1919; member of Council of National Defence; lec- 
turer Drama School League, Chicago, August, 1920. 

The following budget adopted by the Pageant Executive Com- 
mittee, John N. Howard, treasurer, was announced : Stage. 
$1,000; music, $1,000; Director (ten percent), $800; costumes, 
$500; grounds, $500; lighting. $500; advertising, $500; printing. 
$500; writer of Pageant Book, $400; properties, $300; scenery, 
$500; tickets, $75; sanitary, $25; reserve for incidentals, $1,400— 
total, $8,000, appropriated by City government. 

The spirit of co-operation was clearly shown in the readiness 
with which varied Church, Civic, and Fraternal groups assumed 
responsibility for the sixteen Episodes. After conferences witli 
leaders. Director Taft appointed regular rehearsals for all, finals 
being held at the Fair Grounds, Friday and Monday evenings, 
June 10th and 13th. There a huge stage had been erected 
directly opposite the grandstand and consequently in full view 
of the quarter-stretch. A background of hundreds of evergreen 
trees and a brilliant electrical lighting effect, combined with 
vari-colored and lustrous apparel, produced a scene never to be 
forgotten. By the dates mentioned, public interest had been 
developed and the informal performances were witnessed by large 
assemblies. At the actual presentations of the Pageant the attend- 
ance was 50,000. Had the plans included other appearances, 
an equal number would have thronged the grounds to see the 
highly gorgeous, historic and instructive creation. 



97 



THE BIRTHDAY— WEDNESDAY. JUNE 15— FIRST 
PAGEANT PRODUCTION 



According to the suggestion of the Executive Committee, the 
exact date of the Centennial was specially marked from its 
beginning to the Day's close. The acceptance of the Act creating 
the Town of North Bridgewater was on June 15. 1821. On that 
date one hundred years later the City which had developed re- 
called with fitting ceremony the early fact. 

At 7 o'clock a general welcome was accorded the Day by bell 
and whistle throughout the City. Churches and factories — the 
spiritual and material — joined in exalting the hour. It was as 
rare a day in June as the calendar ever bore. There was an air 
of expectancy, for great interest centered in the forthcoming 
Pageant. Long before sunset, people gathered at the Fail- 
Grounds — many with supper baskets — to secure good location 
in the unreserved* section of the grandstand. At the hour of 
beginning, stand and quarter stretch held twenty thousand, eagerly 
watching the colorful moving pictures upon the stage and listen- 
ing to the accompanying orchestra and highly-trained and re- 
sponsive chorus. 

The special guests of the evening were Governor and Mrs. 
Channing II. Cox, his aides, Captain Brown, and Major Warren 
S. Keith, of this City, with Mrs. Keith. The Governor's party 
was met by Mayor Keith and his mother, Mrs. Horace A. Keith; 
former Mayor John S. Kent, chairman of the speakers and 
guests committee, and Mrs. Kent ; and State Councillor and Mrs. 
Harry H. Williams. On arrival at the station, they were at once 
conveyed to the Pageant ground where they occupied boxes 
throughout the evening. The Governor at the close expressed 
himself in enthusiastic terms: 

"It was fine ; quite wonderful. It was unusual also to see such 
a crowd and to have such quiet prevail All seemed to sense 
the spirit of the Pageant. . . . Brockton should be proud of 
this wonderful spectacle." 

* 7,000 free seats. 

98 




Representing 
THE BROCKTON FAIR MANAGEMENT. 




JOHN S. KENT 
Member of Executive and Chairman of Speakers and Guests Committee 



The Selectmen of many nearby towns were also in attendance, 
occupying reserved seats, as guests of the City. They were most 
cordial in their expressions of appreciation. 

Sergeant Stephen J. Bryan was in charge of the Police detail. 
Scout Commissioner Carroll F. Deady superintended the Boy 
Scouts, serving as ushers and messengers. Louis F. Eaton repre- 
sented the Centennial Committee as chairman of police and public 
safety. Congratulations were very general and Mr. Whitmore 
voiced the satisfaction of the Pageant Committee in recognizing 
"the spirit of co-operation and initiative everywhere found." 
George Sawyer Dunham, Director of Music, said : "The program 
was well received by the vast audience. I was satisfied. The 
size of the production added to the difficult out-door conditions, 
but I am well pleased with the accomplishment of the chorus." 



THURSDAY— JUNE 16— SECOND PAGEANT 
PRODUCTION 



The great success of the previous evening was itself prophecy 
for interest and attendance the Second Night. 

The principal guests were members of the Massachusetts 
Mayors' Club, present on invitation of the Central Committee 
through Mayor Keith. City Hall was the first place of assembly 
and after its inspection, the party was served luncheon in the 
Commissary Building of the W. L. Douglas Shoe Company. At 
2.30, the High School was visited; later, the Eldon Keith 
Field for school athletics and the Fred F. Field Dutchland Farm. 
At 4.00, the guests were conducted through the new Number 11 
George E. Keith Co. factory. Dinner was served at the Com- 
mercial Club at 6.00. 

Mayor Keith received the Club with Former Mayors Burbank, 
McLeod, Gleason and Hickey. Former Mayor Charles H. Adams 
of Melrose, President of the Mayor's Club, offered congratulations 
and thanks at the dinner, both to the Mayor of Brockton and to the 
City. 

101 




m § f}ld,rry C. vSmith 

■ 











CHAIRMEN OF PAGEANT PRODUCTION COMMITTEES. 



1. 


Book. 


4. 


Dancing:. 


2. 


Cast. 


5. 


Lighting:. 


3. 


Costumes. 


6. 


Make-up. 



7. Music. 

8. Properties. 

9. Publicity. 




CHAIRMEN OF PAGEANT PRODUCTION COMMITTEES. 



1. Rehearsals. 

2. Scenery. 

3. Singing:. 



4. Stage Construction 6. Auto Parking 

and Grounds. 7. Tickets 

5. Stage Management. 8. Police and Public Safety. 



Those present at Dinner were : Mayors, Parker B. Flanders, 
Haverhill; Charles B. Ashley, New Bedford; Patrick A. Sulli- 
van, Marlboro ; Edgar B. Stone, Quincy, with Mrs. Stone ; Roger 
Keith, Brockton, with Mrs. Keith. Former Mayors, Stewart B. 
McLeod, with Mrs. McLeod ; Harry C. Howard, with Mrs. 
Howard; John S. Kent; Charles Williamson; Emery M. Low, 
with Mrs. Low ; John S. Burbank ; William L. Gleason, with Mrs. 
Gleason ; Charles M. Hickey ; David W. Battles; and Edward H. 
Keith — all of Brockton ; Edward F. Brown and Mrs. Brown of 
Marlboro ; Charles F. McCarthy, Marlboro ; John B. Tracy and 
Mrs. Tracy of Taunton ; Charles A. Buckley and Mrs. Buckley, 
Chicopee ; Charles H. Adams, Melrose; George H. Fall and Mrs. 
Fall, Maiden ; C. F. Lynch and Mrs. Lynch, Lawrence. Com- 
missioners, George Munsey, with Mrs. Munsey ; and George L. 
Martin, Haverhill. Aldermen, James F. Collins, Frank A. Mc- 
Nulty, Harrison T. Borden, Clifton W. Bartlett, Thomas Kirk- 
ham, and former Alderman Charles M. Carroll ; City Clerk Walter 
H. B. Remington, all of New Bedford ; W. D. Rockwood and 
Mrs. Rockwood, Cambridge ; Asa T. Newhall and Mrs. Newhall, 
Lynn ; Arthur B. Curtis, Miss Ella F. Hall, and Mrs. Alfred S. 
Hall, Revere ; Miss Blanche F. McGuire, Rockland ; John 
O'Hare ; John O'Hearne and Mrs. O'Hearne ; Councilman Gerald 
Kelleher, City Physician W. D. Ducy, City Engineer Harold S. 
Crocker, Lee Kedian, Frank R. Barnard, Adrian P. Cote, Clerk 
of the Common Council ; Mrs. Edith M. Blanchard, Secretary 
to the Mayor ; and City Clerk J. Albert Sullivan, all of Brockton. 

The Day closed with the Pageant and the fine qualities of the 
preceding evening were, if possible, improved upon and the entire 
production elicited highest praise from the 30,000 spectators. 
Among important persons in attendance outside the Mayors' 
Club, were Frank Chouteau Brown and Mrs. Brown of Boston, 
guests of the Pageant author, Suzanne Cary Gruver. Mr. Brown 
is president of the American Pageant Association and therefore 
an expert critic. He gave out this statement : 

"One of the finest productions I ever witnessed in this country ; 
one that has impressed and pleased me more than I can express 

104 



in words. Particularly I was impressed by the artistic setting, 
the use of two levels — the high level of the stage, with the 
track as a lower one — both of which were used so skilfully that 
it enhanced rather than detracted from the value of the spectacle. 
I may say whole-heartedly that Brockton is to be congratulated 
on what it has achieved." 

The great assembly was most responsive. It followed the 
movement with enthusiasm ; noted with applause the wonderful 
lighting effects and was quick to catch the spirit of both speech 
and action. From episode to episode, through to the finale, 
interest was sustained at a high plane and appreciation most 
marked. 

The Pageant Director, Linwood Taft, said at the close of the 
evening : 

"I wish to pay a special tribute to the faithful and efficient 
service of the episode leaders. They devoted more time to their 
work than the public has any conception of. I received hearty 
co-operation from all sides — -the cast, members of committees, 
stage managers and immediate assistants and from George Sawyer 
Dunham and Mace Gay, who had charge of the music. I con- 
sider Brockton's Pageant to be one of the most successful I have 
ever directed." 

Mrs. Gruver properly recognized the values of the production : 
"I feel the Pageant has accomplished great things. It awakens 
civic pride, groups all in one united work, stimulates the imagin- 
ation and makes many realize for the first time the true greatness 
of their own community. I wish to express my appreciation for 
the wonderful co-operative spirit of all who had a part. It was 
this spirit which was the secret of its success." 
And thus it passed into History. 



105 




SUZANNE GARY GRUVER 

Author of "The Pageant of Brockton" 

Member of the Gentennial Book Gommittee 



The Book of the 
Pageant of Brockton 

Written by 

Suzanne Cory Gruver 




<^> 



Produced in Connection With the Centennial Celebration of 

the Incorporation of the Town of North Bridgewater, 

now Brockton, at the Fair Grounds, 

June 15-16, 1921 



MUSICAL PROGRAM 

Under Direction of George Sawyer Dunham 

Martland's Band. Mace Gay, Director. 

Chorus of 250 Voices. 

I. Wilderness — Dawn. 

Music — Morning from Peer Gynt Suite Grieg 

Talcs of the Vienna Woods Strauss 

II. Indian Encampment. 

Music — Dagger Dance from Natoma Herbert 

III. Purchase of Land. 

Music — Indian Intermezzo : Moret 

IV. Contest of the First Settler. 

Music — Beauti f ul Blue Danube Strauss 

Prayer of Thanksgiving (chorus) Kreiuser 

Vision Music — Theme from Pomp and Circum- 
stance El gar 

V. Church Going. 

Music — The Angelus Massenet 

Bay Psalm Book Hymns (on stage). 

VI. First Town Meeting. 

Music — Backward, Turn Backward, O, Time, in 

Your Flight Poult on 

VII. Mis' Jones' School. 

Singing of the Multiplication Table (on stage). 

VIII. Quilting Bee. 

Music — Aunt Dinah's Quilting Party (chorus). 
Virginia Reel. 

IX. Coming of the Railroad. 

Music — Tally Ho Galop Bernstein 

Railroad Galop Missud 

108 




GEORGE SAWYER DUNHAM 
Director of Music for the Pageant 



X. Civil War. 

Music — We'll Rally Round the Flag, Boys Bradbury 

Just Before the Battle, Mother i Root 

We're Coming, Father Abraham (chorus) 

Emerson 

XL Visit of Christine Nilsson. 

Music — Old Folks at Home Foster 

Sung by the Swedish Lutheran Male Chorus — 
Miss Ellen L. Nelson, Soloist. 

XII. Rechristening the Town. 

Music — Winchester March Burr ell 

(Named after Henry Winchester Robinson) 
Auld Lang Syne (chorus). 

Vision Music — Theme from Pomp and Circum- 
stance Elgar 

XIII. Our Poet, Bryant. 

Music — Love and Friendship Brooks 

XIV. The First Brockton Fair. 

Music — Galop at the Fair Burrell 

Bay State Commandery March Burrell 

Second Connecticut March Reeves 

XV. Arrival of the City. 

Music — Pomp and Circumstance March (chorus) 

Elgar 
(With words for the occasion by Mrs. Gruver.) 

XVI. Procession of the Arts. 

Same music as above. 

XVII. Arbitration and Industrial Peace. 

Music — The Conqueror March Tieke 

XVIII. Finale. 

Music — Festal Day Roux 

American Colors Panella 

America Victorious Bagley 

Star Spangled Banner. 

110 




MACE GAY 
Director Martland's Band 




EPISODE LEADERS 

1. Prologue : The Wilderness. 4. The First Settler. 7. Mis' Jones' School. 

2. Indian Encampment. 5. Church Going. 8. The Quilting Bee. 

:i Purchase of the Land. 6. First Town Meeting. 9. Coming of the Railroad. 




EPISODE LEADERS 

\- Civil War. 4. Our poet, Rryant. 7. Finale, Fraternal 

2. Visit of Christine Nilsson. 5. The First Brockton Fair. Organization, 

3. Rechristening the Town. 6. Arrival of the City. 8. Finalf, National Groups 



EPISODES AND SCENES 



PROLOGUE, The Wilderness 



Scene 1. 



Scene 1. 
Scene 2. 



Scene 2. 



Scene 1. 



EPISODE I. 

Indian Encampment. Scene 2. Purchase of Land. 

Scene 3. The First Settler. 
Interlude — Vision of the Coming Town. 

EPISODE II. 
Church Going. Scene 3. Mis' Jones' School. 

First Town Meeting. Scene 4. The Quilting Bee. 

EPISODE III. 

Scene 1. Coming of the Railroad. 

Civil War. Scene 3. Visit of Christine Nilsson. 

Scene 4. Rechristening the Town. 

Interlude — Vision of the Coming City. 

EPISODE IV. 
Our Poet Bryant. Scene 2. First Brockton Fair. 

Scene 3. Arrival of the City. 
Scene 4. Arbitration and Industrial Peace. 

FINALE 



PROLOGUE 

Spirit of Nature : Mrs. John F. Scully. 

Spirits of the Plain, the Forest, and the Rivers. 

THE WILDERNESS 

In charge of The Matron's Club, 

Mrs. William Cholerton, Leader. 

The time is before the coming of the white man. The scene 

represents the plain of the Salisbury, where Brockton stands 

today. Surrounding the plain, are the trees and foliage of the 

primeval forests. 

115 



In the dim light of dawn. Nature, sole ruler of the realm, 
appears and summons forth the Spirits of the Plain. In garments 
of soft green, they respond to the call, weaving a dance expressive 
of peace and joy. Nature now summons the Spirits of the Forest 
to join the dance. They enter joyously, clad in the browns of the 
forest trees, and join with the Spirits of the Plain in a dance 
expressing the harmony and beauty of unmolested nature. 

The music changes to a more spirited cadence. The Forest 
Spirits, alarmed, hasten to the shelter of their trees. Nature and 
the Spirits of the Plain cease their dance and vanish. 

Two Indian braves enter, porting a canoe. They are accom- 
panied by a group of Water Spirts clad in the shimmering grey 
of the rivers. The Spirits dance gracefully about the Indians, 
denoting by their confidence, the ever friendly disposition of the 
primitive red man to the Nature Spirits. 



EPISODE I. 
INDIAN ENCAMPMENT 

Meda, a Medicine Man: C. H. Chevigny. 

Chief Ousamequin : David Jewell, Sr. 

Scout: Bradford Alexander. 

Tisquantum: David Jewell, Jr. 

Bravo, squaws, hunters and children of the Wampanoag tribe. 
In charge of The Matronalia Club, 
Mrs. Charles Lawrence, Leader. 

[From the Indian relics which are exhumed from time to time, 
it is evident that the region of the Salisbury was a favorite camp- 
ing-ground of the red man. A massive stone cave, near the 
Easton line, on a slope known as "Stone House Hill," is generally 
believed to be of Indian construction. 

At the time of Plymouth settlement, southern Massachusetts 
was inhabited by a tribe of Indians called the YYampanoags. 
They were a powerful tribe of the Algonquin stock. They were 
sometimes known as the Poconockets from one of their villages, 

116 




Photo by Merrill 



INDIAN ENCAMPMENT 



and again as the Massasoits, from their chieftain. They num- 
bered at one period about twenty thousand people, and possessed 
thirty villages. Their Sachem was Massasoit or Ousamequin, 
as he called himself in later years. He was remarkable for his 
honesty and his humaneness. He was never known to violate 
his word. A treaty of peace which he made with Governor Carver 
was preserved for fifty years or until the chieftain's death. He 
endeavored constantly to maintain peace between his people and 
the white men. 

The Medicine Man occupied a position in primitive tribes 
second only to that of the chieftain. His speech was oracular. 
He was believed to possess a mysterious influence over the good 
and evil spirits which governed all things in life. His duties 
combined two modern professions — the clerical and the medical.] 

Indian Encampment. 

Following the arrival of the braves come several squaws carry- 
ing long poles with which to set up tepees. The Water Spirits 
vanish. The squaws hang their papooses upon the trees, and 
set to work building fires, finishing the tepees, and making the 
camp ready for the arrival of the men. Other braves enter and 
watch the women work. A group of children play animal games 
— leap-frog and the like — shouting and laughing lustily. Hunters 
arrive, bearing trophies of success, a wild goose, a hare, and a 
deer. The squaws at once set to work preparing them. 

Passing across the scene is an old Medicine Man. Meda. He 
is an aged, unkempt type of savage. He gathers herbs and sits 
down before one of the tepees to sort them over. Now and then 
he shakes a stick at the playing children, calling out savagely. A 
scout enters, breathless with running. The men gather to hear 
his message. 

Scout. — He is near, our chief ! Ousamequin ! 
Medicine Man. — Ah! He returns alone? 
Scout. — The white men follow. 

118 



Medicine Man. — As I supposed. More parleyings. Woe to 
us and to our tribe, if our chieftain hearkens to them! 

Scout. — See, he comes ! And Tisquantum ! 

Medicine Man. — He of the double tongues ! The mouth-piece 
of the White Devils ! Woe to those who listen to him ! 
(The Chief, Ousamequin, enters, accompanied by Tisquantum. 

interpreter to the white men.) 

Chief (handing his heavy bow and other trappings to a 
squaw). — Let the camp fire be stirred to new brightness; Friends 
are at hand. 

Bring forth the Calumet. Our white brothers will sit in 
council with us. 

Medicine Man. — Stay, O Chieftain! You call them "Brothers"? 
I say — Devils, with their thunders and their lightnings ! Wizards, 
with their guns and powder. Stay this word of welcome, I pray 
you. No good can befall our tribe from dealing with these 
strangers. 

(The Scout hesitates.) 

Chief (sternly). — Go! 'Tis I who command! I, the chieftain. 
Is Ousamequin to be thwarted by an old man's foolish murmurs ? 
The white men will deal fairly with us. They pay well for all 
they take from us. Go ! Bid them welcome to our council. 

(The Scout hurries off.) 

Medicine Man (muttering). — Not the first time they have 
sought to barter with us. Not the first time I have warned our 
Chief of danger. 

Chief. — You speak truth, Meda. Your warnings are many. 
They have grown w r earisome to my ears. Am I not a Great 
Chieftain ? Sachem over many people ? Have we not vast 
hunting-grounds and forests ? See our maize-fields ! Our rivers, 
filled with pike, and herring, and beaver! Is not Ousamequin's 
a vast dominion? 

119 



Prophecy of the Medicine Man. 
O Great Spirit, spare this boasting! 
Send not wrath upon us for it! 
( )usamequin, though you heed not, 
Yet once more I speak in warning. 
In a vision I have seen it — 
Seen the white man's foot encroaching. 
Seen the harvest of Mondamin 
Garnered by the hands of strangers. 
Seen the fish within our rivers. 
Leaping to the call of aliens. 
Soon our camp fires will be darkened. 
Toward the sunset we must wander. 
Like the wild fowl, homeless, seeking 
Where we may, a moment's shelter. 
Soon like leaves, our tribe will scatter, 
Soon, like smoke, blown from the peace-pipe. 
Drifting toward the red horizon, 
Ever further, thinner, paler. 
Till the eye no more discern it. 
So the mighty Wampanoags 
In the setting sun shall vanish — 
Vanish from their father's empire. 
In the darkness of Oblivion. 

PURCHASE OF THE LAND 

Episode I. — Scene II. 

Captain Myles Standish: Charles C. Carr. 

Constant Southworth: Harold Whitcomb. 

Samuel Nash : Harry Norman. 
First Settler: Fred Arnold, 
Wife: Mrs. Elsie R. Clough. 
Child: Pearl Pdanchard. 
Duxbury men in attendance, new proprietors of the land. 
In charge of The Press Club. 
William G. Kilner, Leader. 



120 



[On March 23, 1649, a group of Duxbury men negotiated with 
Chief Ousamequin the purchase of "a tract of land usually called 
Satucket." A document had been drawn up describing this tract 
of land in detail. It embraced the territory now known as Brock- 
ton, East Bridgewater, West Bridgewater, Bridgewater, and a 
portion of Titicut. The transaction is believed to have taken 
place at Sachem's Rock, East Bridgewater. Captain Standish, 
Samuel Nash and Constant Southworth acted as commissioners 
to make the purchase for the town of Duxbury. The price paid 
was "7 coats, a yard and a half in a coat, 9 hatchets, 8 hoes, 20 
knives, 4 moose-skins, 10 yards and a half of cotton" — a sum, 
all told, equal to not more than thirty dollars. 

Chief Ousamequin affixed his mark to the deed in the shape 
of a hand. The original deed is in existence today, a much-prized 
possession of the Old Bridgewater Historical Society. (See pp. 
10-U.) 

The ceremony of smoking the Calumet or peace-pipe was prac- 
tised by the North American Indians, in much the same way as 
the flag of truce is used by other nations. To accept it, was to 
agree to the terms proposed; to decline it, was to reject them. It 
was also passed about to be smoked in honor of the visit of some 
distinguished guest. Red soap-stone was the preferred material 
for the bowl, with a long reed for the stem. Feathers or painted 
hieroglyphics, according to the taste of the tribe, usually adorned 
the stem.] 

Purchase of the Land. 

A trumpet heralds the approach of the white men. The Scout 
conducts them to the presence of Chief Ousamequin. Tisquan- 
tum, the interpreter, takes his place near by. 

Captain Standish heads the commission. He has sword half 
drawn as he advances — for the "doughty Captain" was ever a 
fighter — but, at a signal from Ousamequin, he sheathes it. 

Chief. — Welcome, Duxbury men ! You come in friendship. 
Let us display no emblems of war. 

Standish. — You speak fairly, Great Chieftain. We wish to 
deal fairly with you. 

121 



Chief. — I see you have brought goods (indicating the articles 
carried by the attendants). Are they for barter? 

Standish. — Aye, if it be your pleasure. We wish to propose 
an exchange. 

Chief. — Let us sit together in council. We will smoke the Pipe 
of Peace, and consider. Bring hither the Calumet ! 

(A brave brings forward the ceremonial pipe with decorated 
stem, and presents it to the Chief. A squaw lights it for him 
from the camp fire. The ceremony of the Calumet begins. But 
the Medicine Man will have none of it. He withdraws to a 
distance from the circle, muttering to himself and casting glances 
of animosity toward the white men.) 

Standish (to one of his men who hesitates to smoke the prof- 
fered pipe). — Come, come, it is a heathen custom, I know, but 
we do well to conform to it on this occasion. (All smoke in 
turn.) 

Chief (as the ceremony is concluded). — You have come, you 
say, to barter with us? What proposal have you to make? 

Standish. — You have vast lands, Great Chieftain — far greater 
than you require. The Duxbury men have need of more. Can 
you not sell them a portion ? 

Chief. — What will you offer for them? 

Standish (to the attendants). — Bring forward the goods we 
have to exchange. 

Chief (viewing the articles). — You have coats, I see, and rolls 
of cotton. 

Standish. — Aye, seven made coats, and ten yards and a half 
of cotton. 

Chief. — How much land do you desire? 

Standish (producing the document). — Here is the writing. 
The tract is called "Satucket." From the weir, we wish to pur- 
chase seven miles in each direction — to the North, to the South, 
to the East and to the West. 

Chief. — These lands are an inheritance from my fathers. It 
might anger the Great Spirit, should I part with them. 

122 



Standish. — We will offer more. Here are moose-skins, and 
hatchets in addition ; knives, twenty of them for your hunters ; 
hoes, to make light work in your corn fields. 

Chief. — We value the friendship of the white men. We will 
accept your offer. 

(The Medicine Man is seen appealing to the Great Spirit 
again.) 

Standish. — Will you set your mark to this agreement? Here— 
(indicating the place for signing). 

(The chief takes the quill and draws a mark resembling a 
hand.) 

Standish. — That concludes the purchase. We will leave these 
goods for you. The new proprietors will come to take possession 
of their land at once. 

(The Indians begin to break camp sadly. The early settlers 
in Pilgrim garb begin to arrive. The Indians steal away. The 
new proprietors divide in pantomime the lands. One settler, with 
wife and child, remain in possession of the tract depicted in the 
scene. ) 

Note. — This tract of land was divided into fifty-four shares, 
the Duxbury inhabitants agreeing among themselves as to its 
division. The original proprietors, each holding one share of the 
land, were : William Bradford, William Merrick, John Bradford, 
Abraham Pierce, John Rogers, George Partridge, John Starr, 
William Collier, Christopher Wadsworth, Edward Hall, Nicholas 
Robbins, Thomas Hayward, Ralph Partridge, Nathaniel W'illis, 
John Willis, Thomas Bonney, Miles Standish, Love Brewster, 
John Paybody, William Paybody, Francis Sprague, William Bas- 
sett, John Washburn, John Washburn, Jr., John Ames, Thomas 
Gannett, William Brett, Edmund Hunt, William Clarke, William 
Ford, Constant Southworth, John Cary, Edmund Weston, Samuel 
Tompkins, Edmund Chandler, Moses Simmons, John Irish, Philip 
Delano, Arthur Harris, John Alden, John Forbes, Samuel Nash, 
Abraham Sampson, George Soule, Experience Mitchell, Henry 
Howland, Henry Sampson, John Brown, John Howard, Francis 
West, William Tubbs, James Lendall, Samuel Eaton, Solomon 
Leonard. There were two more shares added later, one to Rev. 
James Keith, the other to Deacon David Edson. 

123 



THE FIRST SETTLER 

Episode I. — Scene III. 

Nature: Mrs. J. F. Scully. 
North Wind : Marie Cote. 
South Wind : Ida Horton. 
East Wind : Florence Davy. 
West Wind : E. Rubie Capen. 
The Four Seasons. 

In charge of The South Parish Club, 
Miss Alice Shurtleff. Leader. 

[Not the least of the difficulties that were encountered by the 
early settlers was the climate. With what amounted on occasions 
to practically "all four seasons in one day." and with the terrible 
severity of the winters, an amazing amount of courage was neces- 
sary to sustain the colonists in their purpose.] 

The scene is an allegory of the Settler and the New England 
Climate. The settler lifts his axe to fell a tree. Out rush the 
Forest Spirits in alarm. Nature arrives to remonstrate with the 
vandal. The white man, however, has not the great respect for 
Nature possessed by the red man. So he continues his work of 
destruction. Nature determines to use her forces to restrain 
him. She summons first her Four Winds. They arrive from 
the four points of the compass — the North Wind in white ; the 
South, in yellow; the East, in grey; the West, in crimson. With 
floating scarfs, they surround the settler. His work is retarded, 
but he is not dismayed. Then Nature calls upon the Seasons 
to essay their powers. Winter arrives, led by the North Wind. 
Snow and Ice surround the settler. 

We see him endeavoring to escape their grasp. Nature, seeing 
that he will not yield to Snow and Ice, calls forth the Heat and 
Drought of summer. Dancers in yellow and flame-colored gar- 
ments appear. Before their presence, the winter melts away. 
Heat and Drought attack the little group. The man removes 
his coat. The child falls parching with thirst upon the bank. 
The mother prays for rain. 

125 



Unheeding Nature summons now a third power— the East 
Wind. Dancers in grey representing the clouds and rain brought 
by the East Wind answer the call. Instead of discouraging the 
Sutler, the ram brings relief. The clouds disappear. The child 
jumps up joyfully. The man falls to work again. 

The one remaining power— the West Wind— is summoned 
She advances, bringing the Autumn and the Harvest. Dancers 
in crimson and purple, tossing apples and fruits, bring reward to 
the persevering settler. 

As the dancers disappear, the little group gathers to offer thanks 
for their preservation and for the bountiful harvest . 

Interlude—Vision of the Coming Town. 

To the Settler, looking toward the future, appears a Vision. 
A shrouded female figure emerges from the background. It is 
a symbol of the Town that is to be. Silent, motionless, she 
stands, as if waiting for the years to elapse, and the coming of 
the brave spirits that are to give her life. 

Vision of the Town to Be 
Mrs. Roger Keith. 



EPISODE II. 
THE NORTH PARISH OF BRIDGEWATER 

Rev. John Porter : Warren P. Landers. 

Mrs. Porter: Mrs. Edward Plummer. 

Children : Ruth E. Vaughn. Harriet Chase, 
Pauline Chase, Philip S. Holmes, 
Eldon Briggs, Barbara Drake, 
Alonzo Johnson, Charles Tallon. 

Tithing Man : Emory Wixon. 

Man and Wife (riding pillion) : 

Budd D. Colwell, Madaleine Ellis. 
127 



Deacons : 

Captain Isaac Packard : Charles Barden. 

Dr. Philip Bryant : Robert F. Keene. 

Captain Barnabas Howard: Walter Lovejoy. 

Issacher Snell, Esq. : Allison Baldwin. 

Josiah Perkins : Henry Perkins. 

Jabez Field : Dwight Powell. 

Abia Keith : Chandler D. Hall. 

Henry Kingman : Edward Plummer. 

Deacon Edson : Jesse F. Perkins. 

Members of the Parish Church. 

In charge of The Colonial and Porter Clubs, 

Mrs. Budd D. Col well, Leader. 

Church Going. 

| The Meeting House was the Community Centre of former 
days. People traveled from a distance to attend worship. There 
were services several hours long both forenoon and afternoon. 
Prayers were from one to two hours in length. The congregation 
had no singing books, so the hymns were lined out by deacons — 
;i line being read first by a deacon and then sung by the congre- 
gation standing. A hymn so "deaconed" frequently consumed 
half an hour. The first meeting house in the North Parish was 
built in 1737, on the site of the present Parish Block. Reverend 
)ohn Porter — a Harvard graduate of 1736 — was the first minister 
in the North Parish. Born in 1716. his ministry in the parish 
lasted from 1740 until his death in 1802. A biographer records 
that "to the influence of this good man more than to any other 
thing is the community indebted for the love of order, industry, 
economy, enterprise, and religious character of many descendants 
of his people. His influence had very much to do with the forma- 
tion of the character of the early inhabitants of North Bridge- 
water."] 

COLONIAL PERIOD. 1760-1780. 

A church bell is heard ringing in the distance, summoning 
the people of the North Parish to the Sunday service. Old and 

128 



young alike obey the summons. Deacons David Edson and 
Jonathan Cary enter, solemnly discussing the parish needs. They 
are followed by the women and children of their families. Other 
parishioners follow. The children carry their shoes in their 
hands, sitting down as they near the church to put them on. 
Several of the younger women wear coarse shoes, which they 
exchange for the better ones they carry. 

The Tithing Man appears with a long stick. Two children 
momentarily forget the solemnity of the day and are discovered 
smiling and whispering. The Tithing Man promptly reminds 
them of their indecorum. 

A man and wife appear riding horseback pillion style. Last 
of all comes the minister of the parish, the Reverend John Porter. 
His head is bent over the Bible, which he holds. Mrs. Porter 
and the eight children follow. 

As the group is assembled, they gather to sing a hymn from 
the Bay Psalm Book. The singing is "deaconed" in the Colonial 
manner. 

THE FIRST TOWN MEETING 
July 4, 1821. 
Episode II. — Scene II. 
Caleb Howard, Justice of Peace: 

Edgar P. Howard. 
Lemuel French : Fred R. French. 
Joseph Sylvester, Moderator : 

C. Carrol King. 
Col. Edward Southworth, Town Clerk : 

Loyed E. Chamberlain. 
Abel Kingman, Selectman : Albert F. Barker. 
Howard Cary, Selectman : George H. Cary. 
Capt. Zachariah Gurney, Selectman : 

George N. Gordon. 
Benjamin Ames, Constable: Burton Stewart. 
Eliphalet Kingman: Francis C. Kingman. 
Rev. Daniel Huntington: M. A. Davis. 

129 



Storekeeper : Robert C. Fraser. 
Doctor : George A. Thatcher. 
Innkeeper : George H. Priest. 
Storekeeper: Panl S. Jones. 
Storekeeper: Harry PI. Williams. 
Lawyer : Bernard Saxton. 
Prominent Citizen : J. Frank Beal. 
Doctor : Horace A. Keith. 
Notary Public and Justice of Peace : 

Harold C. Keith. 
Farmers, Laborers and other voters. 

In Charge of the Rotary Club. 
Horace Richmond, Leader. 

[In 1819, members of the North Parish petitioned the legisla- 
ture to be set off as a separate township from the mother town 
of Bridgewater, stating as their reason that "nearly 300 voters 
belong to the North Precinct and have to travel from five to seven 
miles to attend town meetings over a piece of way very bad in 
the months of March and April." Various remonstrances were 
presented, but later withdrawn. On June 15, 1821, a bill to 
incorporate the North Parish into a separate town by the name 
of North Bridgewater was passed by both houses. The first 
town meeting was held in the First Parish Church, July 4, 1821, 
at one o'clock in the afternoon. About 200 voters were present. 

Freeholders or freemen of a town were those with full political 
privileges. In certain states as late as 1841 no one was allowed 
to vote for town or state officers unless he possessd an amount 
of real estate of a prescribed value. 

Hog-reeves were hog constables, whose duty it was to look 
after stray swine. 

Field Drivers were officers charged with the care of stray cattle 
and the protection of fields against them. 

The Village Pound was for some years on the Green in front 
of the Meeting-House. Here any trespassing live-stock was 
driven to be safeguarded until redeemed by the owner.] 

130 




THE FIRST TOWN MEETING 



Photo by Rand 



A warrant of the first meeting is read in a loud voice by the 
Justice of the Peace, Caleb Howard, as he moves along the 
village street. 

"In the name of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, all 
freeholders and other inhabitants of the town of North Bridge- 
water qualified by law to vote for town officers, are hereby warned 
to meet and assemble at the public meeting-house in said town, 
on Wednesday, the fourth day of July, at one o'clock in the 
afternoon, for the following purposes : 

"1st — To choose a moderator for said meeting. 

"2nd — To choose all such town officers that towns are required 
by law to choose or appoint at their annual town meetings. 

"Application made by Mr. Lemuel French and nine other free- 
hold inhabitants of said town." 

The voters assemble. They are from various stations in life: 
— the Squire, the laboring man, the farmer. Reverend Daniel 
Huntington opens the meeting with prayer. Nominations for 
Moderator are made. Joseph Sylvester is elected to the office. 
Col. Edward Southworth is elected Town Clerk. The Justice 
of Peace administers the oath of office. Three Selectmen are 
chosen — Abel Kingman, Esq., Howard Cary, Esq., and Capt. 
Zachariah Gurney. 

Col. Southworth is elected Town Treasurer ; Benjamin Ames 
is elected Constable, and Caleb Howard, Esq., Eliphalet Kingman, 
and Howard Cary, Esq., as Committee on Accounts. 

Other elections were 16 "Surveyors of Highways," 8 "Hog- 
reeves," 6 "Surveyors of Lumber," 16 "Field Drivers," 3 "Tithing 
Men," 3 "Fence Viewers," 1 "Pound Keeper," 2 "Measurers of 
Wool." 

After the election there are congratulations for the new officers, 
and dispersing. Town Meeting cake and cider are for sale on 
the green outside the Meeting House, displayed on carts. They 
are obviously enjoyed by the voters and Town Fathers as they 
pass by. 

132 



Micah Faxon, the first shoe manufacturer : 
Fred S. Faxon. 
Micah Faxon has entered with a small stool and a sack of shoes. 
He sits down by the village street to work. One of the newly- 
elected townsmen pauses to inquire about a new pair of shoes 
which he desires made. Micah Faxon measures his foot. Then, 
explaining that he is about to start for Boston with the sackful 
of finished products, he promises to obtain leather for the new 
pair while in the city. He untethers his horse, tosses the sack 
of shoes across the saddle, mounts, and rides off in the direction 
of Boston. 

MIS' JONES' SCHOOL 

Episode II. — Scene III. 

Mrs. Nathan Jones : Arlena Russell. 

And Pupils. 

In charge of The Grade Teachers' Club, 
Miss Persis H. Maxson, Leader. 
| In the early days of the Town, 1821-1827, public schools were 
maintained for periods of six to eight weeks only during the year. 
Grades were unmistakably "mixed." With such scant educa- 
tional provision, most families of the town welcomed the oppor- 
tunity for more prolonged instruction offered by small private 
"home schools," where young pupils were at least safe under a 
motherly eye for some hours daily. For thirty-six years — from 
1831 to 1867 — Mrs. Nathan Jones conducted such an institution 
in the kitchen of her cottage home on Main Street, near the pres- 
ent Ward Street corner. Here many present-day Brocktonians 
—children at that period — learned their alphabet and multiplica- 
tion table. The studying was done aloud, most frequently chanted 
in unison to some familiar tune. The number of pupils was 
usually about twenty, each paying the modest sum of twelve cents 
a week for instruction. The town appropriation of $625 for 
public schools in 1821, compared with $623,300 appropriated last 
year — 1920 — is a notable illustration of progress in a commend- 
able direction.] 

133 




o 
z 

a 

o 

CO 

So 

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Mrs. Jones, plump and matronly, rings the bell to assemble the 
pupils for the beginning of the morning session. They arrive 
briskly or slothfully, according to the disposition. There are 
about twenty of them of various sizes and ages. Mrs. Jones 
proceeds to "line them up" for spelling. The word "victuals" 
is selected by the teacher as one having more than an average 
number of pitfalls for the unwary. Disastrous results are not 
surprising. As one pupil after another exercises his imagination 
in attacking the spelling of the word, and is met — he feels exult- 
antly — with "wrong !" — he is sent to the foot of the line. One 
small boy is kept so steadily going down that his blunders must 
be made a warning to the other pupils, so a dunce cap marks him 
as an object of ignominy. 

The scene ends with the singing in unison of the multiplication 
table to the tune of "Yankee Doodle." 

"Five times five are twenty-five, 
Five times six are thirty, 
Five times seven are thirty-five. 
And five times eight are forty." 

and so on to the end of the tune. The session ended, the pupils 
rush joyously forth for recess. 

SOCIAL LIFE IN THE NORTH PARISH 

Episode II. — Scene IV. 
Mistress Kingman : Mrs. Charles R. Storey. 
Mr. Kingman : Charles R. Storey. 
Fiddler : Laurence C. Shaw. 

Quilters, children, husbands, and beaux. 

In charge of The Ten Times One Club, 

Mrs. Sprague Baker, Leader. 

THE QUILTING BEE. 
[Thrift and Co-operation were notable characteristics of the 
early inhabitants of the town. Neighbors often joined together 
in raising a building, spinning flax or husking corn. Such occa- 
sions offered an opportunity for combining industry with pleasure. 

135 



When a housewife wished to make a bedquilt, she invited her 
neighbors to a "quilting bee." The women went early in the 
afternoon, taking with them the younger children. 

The patchwork to be quilted was stretched upon a wooden 
frame, about which a dozen quilters could sit sociably. Tiny 
running stitches were taken in some chosen design until the 
layers of the quilt were secured, and the entire surface decorated 
with the fine hand-run pattern. As the work progressed, the 
finished portion was rolled upon the frame, thus bringing the 
workers gradually closer together. 

When young girls participated in the work there was much 
rivalry as to who should be the one to take the last stitch, this 
being held an indication of the one who would first be married.] 

The scene represents a gathering at the Kingman home in the 
North Parish. Mistress Kingman has invited her neighbors to 
join her in a Quilting Bee. The hostess greets the women as they 
arrive. They wear their "best silks" in honor of the occasion. A 
number of mothers have brought their little girls, who, cautioned 
that "Satan will find mischief for idle hands to do," are set to 
work cross-stitching samplers or knitting stockings for the com- 
ing winter. 

A group of women bring in the quilting-frame. The quilt is 
already stretched upon it ready for the adornment of the hand- 
stitching. A dozen or more women gather about the frame to 
complete the work. One young girl proudly announces that 
she has been the fortunate one to place the final stitch. She 
receives congratulations from the older women ; looks of envy, 
possibly, from the younger ones ! 

Tea-time arrives, and with it the husbands and beaux. Th- 
neighborhood fiddler is welcomed. The younger children are 
taken home or put to bed, not always willingly, it appears, in 
spite of their strict New England training. 

"Gentlemen, take partners for the Reel," is the call from the 
fiddler, announcing the beginning of the merriment. The fiddler 
strikes up a rollicking air, often the "Money Musk." "Gentle- 
men, salute your partners," occasions a deal of exaggerated bow- 
ing and scraping. The dance gains zest as it proceeds, agility 
and ingenuity of execution being held in higher favor than mere 
grace. 

136 




H^H 



THE QUILTING BEK. 



EPISODE III. 

COMING OF THE RAILROAD 

Shoe Manufacturer : Lester E. Packard. 
An Old Lady: Mrs. Clinton W. Delano. 
Postmaster Southworth : Chester C. Gilbert. 
Citizen: S. Leland Lownds. 
Stage Driver, Jabez Gould : F. Ernest Mackie. 
A Surveyor : G. Ernest Spear. 
A Small Boy: Ralph Spear. 
Station Agent Bennett : Norman Petrie. 
Factory employees, men and women of the town, 
workmen from the new road. 

In Charge of the Maids and Matrons Club, 
Mrs. George Keyes, Leader. 

[Probably no single event contributes more directly to the 
material upbuilding of a town than the introduction of the rail- 
road. 

For some years previous to 1844, when the project was started 
to give North Bridgewater railroad facilities, manufacturers and 
merchants had experienced the handicap of inadequate trans- 
portation. Mail coaches and baggage wagons drawn by two or 
four horses were the speediest means of communication with 
Boston and the outside world. The service of the old-time stage 
coach, although improved by the running of a daily stage, instead 
of the earlier tri-weekly coach, was far from satisfying the de- 
mands of the ambitious and expanding town. 

In 1844 and '45 a number of progressive citizens asked for and 
were granted a charter to build a railroad from the terminus of 
the Old Colony line at South Braintree, through North Bridge- 
water to Bridgewater, connecting with the Middleboro and Bridge- 
water railroad then existing, and thus giving the town direct 
communication with Boston and Fall River. The new line was 
completed in 1846, and the first trains began running in December 
of the same year. The road was known as the "Old Colony Rail- 

139 



road" for many years, but later became merged in the New York, 
New Haven and Hartford system, and is known by that name 
today.] 

The scene is in front of the Postoffice of the "Centre Village." 
The office at this time was located in Mr. Southworth's general 
store at the corner of Main and Ward Streets, the site of the 
present Marston Building. 

A group of townspeople gather to await the arrival of the stage 
from Boston. The manufacturer consults a bulky silver watch 
from time to time. 

Manufacturer (to employees who accompany him). — It's well 
night intolerable — such delays with our leather ! The stage is two 
hours late already. 

Old Lady (with basket on her arm). — It all comes from trying 
to rush things so. I don't know what the world is coming to ! 
Running this mail-coach every day — no wonder it tempts Provi- 
dence. Colonel Jones never had such trouble when he was driving 
the line. 

Citizen. — But a mail-coach only three times a week for a grow- 
ing town was impossible ! Mercifully we've got beyond those 
dark ages now ! 

Manufacturer. — But we're not where we ought to be yet. 
Until North Bridgewater has railroad connections, we'll be be- 
hind the times. We can't begin to do the business we should if 
we had an even chance with railroad towns. 

Postmaster. — Still, business has picked up considerable here 
in the Postoffice lately. Close to a hundred dollar income last 
year ! 

Manufacturer. — Wait till the new road is opened, and you'll see 
it triple. 

Small Boy (looking off toward the north). — Hi! The stage 
is coming ! Look, here she is ! 

(An old-fashioned stage coach brings up before the group at 
the Postoffice. The driver gets down, handing the Postmaster a 
small sack of mail, and the manufacturer two or three sides of 

140 



leather. The Postmaster looks over letters and deals out several 
to bystanders. The manufacturer passes over the leather to the 
waiting employees, who at once hasten off with it.) 
_ Stage Driver (wiping a perspiring brow). -Guess my business 
is about played out. They say the new road's getting ready to 
open for trade. (Pats horse.) You won't stand much show 
against them steam engines, Billy. 

Old Lady.— 'Twill be a long time, Jabez, afore they find any- 
thing can equal horses. As for them dizzying trains, I, for one 
will never risk my life in 'em. Why, they tell me some o' them 
goes at the rate of twenty miles an hour! Think of that! 

Manufacturer.— Yes, do think of it, and what it will mean to 
the town when we can send our goods at such speed either north 
or south ! 

(A Surveyor and crew of workmen are seen approaching.) 
Stage Driver.— Here come the workmen from the line now. 
(To the leader) Work isn't finished, is it? 

Surveyor.— Yes, sir. We're going to put the first train through 
today. 

Small Boy (jumping up and down).— Golly, ain't it great? 
Citizen. — It will give the town a great boom. 
(Whistle is heard off stage.) 

Surveyor.— That's it ! That's the train coming into the station ! 
Small Boy (greatly excited).— She's coming! She's coming! 
I'm going to see her in. 

(Enter Station Agent Bennett, with several citizens.) 
Manufacturer.— Here's Bennett now. Hear what he has to say. 
Bennett (taking off his cap and holding it in outstretched hand 
ceremoniously).— Ladies and Gentlemen, Citizens of North 
Bridgewater— The first train is about to arrive at Centre Village 
depot ! The Braintree and Fall River Branch of the Old Colony 
Road is now opened. 

Manufacturer.— Three cheers I say ! Three cheers for the new 
line ! (They are given with a will.) And three more for Station 
Agent Bennett ! 

141 



(More cheers are given, with waving of hats and handker- 
chiefs. The whistle is heard again. The crowd starts to move 
oft*. The small boy runs on ahead, looking back to beckon ea- 
gerly.) 

Small Boy. — Come on, come on ! We all want to see her in ! 

CIVIL WAR 
1861. 

Episode III. — Scene II. 
Dr. Hichborn : George P. Johnson. 
J. R. Perkins : William G. Rowe. 
Capt. L. Richmond : Philip D. Richmond. 
C. L. Sproul : George W. Alden. 
A. L. Harmon : T. F. Crawford. 
Spirit of War : Anna Cote. 
Volunteer : J. B. McFarland. 
Citizen: W. G. Smith. 
Galen Edson : Leroy B. Perkins. 
Volunteer : William K. Carroll. 
Volunteer: Rosse Burrill. 
W. J. Martland : Mace Gay. 
North Bridgewater Brass Band, members of Com- 
pany F, Light Dragoons, citizens of the 
town, mothers and children. 
In Charge of Douglas Employees Relief Association. 
William F. Brady, Leader. 

[North Bridgewater's response at the outbreak of the Civil 
War is indicative of the spirit of patriotism which has ever been 
manifest in the citizens of the town. The first call for troops 
came in April, 1861, following the attack upon Fort Sumter. 
At a patriotic meeting held in the New Jerusalem Church, more 
than 100 men volunteered for service. These men formed the 
larger part of Company F, 12th Massachusetts Regiment, com- 
manded by Col. Fletcher Webster, only son of the famou.t Marsh- 
field statesman, Daniel Webster. He was killed in ba tie near 
Bull Run on July 30. The local Post 13 bears his name. 

143 



The departure of the troops from the town on April 29, 1861, 
was the occasion of a great patriotic demonstration. The North 
Bridgewater Brass Band headed a procession of citizens who 
escorted the departing company to the railroad station and to 
Boston. This band, under William J. Martland, was attached to 
the 12th Regiment, and is said to have become the favorite band 
of General Sherman. 

Captain Lucius Richmond, in command of the popular "Light 
Dragoons" of the town, soon had his men enlisted, and their ser- 
vices offered to the nation. The offer was speedily accepted. The 
new company, known as Company I, First Regiment Massachu- 
setts Cavalry, left the town in September, '61, and rendered no- 
table service during the war. It is estimated that a total number 
of 700 men was furnished the nation by the town of North 
Bridgewater. There are 74 recorded deaths. The rotunda and 
corridors of City Hall bear tablets and paintings commemorating 
the valor of these heroes. In Perkins Park a monument was 
erected in their honor in 1907.] 

To the strains of martial music. Veterans of the G. A. R. take 
place upon the stage to witness the scene. 

Citizens of the town begin to gather. They represent many 
callings — fanners with hoes or hay rakes, town officers, laborers 
with dinner pails, children coming from school, women with 
market baskets. 

From an opposite direction appears a red figure, the flaming 
Spirit of War. She hurries forward, with sword drawn, appar- 
ently urging on a young man ( Doctor — later Captain — Hich- 
born), who waves aloft a telegram. 

As the War Spirit approaches, the crowd shrinks back in fear. 
Mothers call their children close about them. Men raise a 
clenched fist as if to ward off the malign influence as it circulates 
among them. 

Dr. Hichborn (calling as he approaches). — A telegram! News 
from the Capital ! The Rebels have fired upon Fort Sumter ! 

(The people utter exclamations of alarm and dread.) 

President Lincoln has issued a call for troops! 

144 



Citizen Perkins. — And we will answer it ! North Bridgewater 
is always ready to do her duty! 

( The crowd cheers enthusiastically.) 

Woman's Voice. — Does it mean our boys must go ? 

(Murmurs of dread from the women.) 

Hichborn. — Would you prevent them? 

Perkins. — It is to save the nation ! 

A Volunteer. — A glorious cause, boys ! Come on ! What do 
you say ? 

(Alpheus Harmon steps forward.) 

Harmon. — You can't die but once, boys. I, for one, am ready 
to offer. 

(A burst of cheering greets this offer. Several young men 
step forward now. Among them are John S. Stoddard, Uriah 
Macoy and Charles L. Sproul.) 

Sproul. — -We also are ready to go. 

(Galen Edson, James B. Sampson, Walter D. Packard, Hiram 
Copeland come forward.) 

Edson. — Will yon put us down also? 

(More cheering from the crowd. The women gather admir- 
ingly about the new recruits, pinning flowers to buttonholes and 
evincing admiration for their courage and dread at the necessary 
parting. As the recruits begin to fall into line, music is heard in 
the distance. Shouts go up. "Our Band ! Billy Martland ! The 
North Bridgewater Brass Band !" There are twenty men besides 
the leader. The band marches to the head of the line. Captain 
Lucius Richmond rides upon the scene accompanied by a number 
of the "North Bridgewater Light Dragoons." There is cheering 
as they salute and offer their services as escort to the departing 
"First Company of Volunteers." The citizens fall into line at 
the rear. There is much cheering, waving of hats, handkerchiefs 
and banners. As the band plays, the procession marches forward, 
all singing in a great chorus, "We're Coming, Father Abraham." 

145 



VISIT OF CHRISTINE NILSSON 
Episode III. — Scene III. 
Mile. Nilsson : Ellen Nelson. 
Vieuxtemps, violinist : Edward White. 
Signor Brignoli, tenor : Joseph Rodolphele. 
Signor Verger, baritone: Wilfred Richard. 
Miss Cary, contralto : Nora A. Lagergren. 
Accompanist : Charles Phillips. 
Manager, Max Strakosch : Bruno Arrata. 
Pastor Lindeblad : Conrad B. Mansbach. 
Little Girl : Barbara Elizabeth Appleton. 
Swedish citizens, people of the audience. 

In charge of Lutheran Male Chorus, 
Emil Lagergren, Leader. 

[Mile. Christine Nilsson, the famous Swedish singer, visited 
North Bridgewater November 13, 1870. She contributed her 
services and those of her concert company for the benefits of the 
Bethesda Lutheran Church at Campello. This is said to have 
been the first Swedish church built in New England. The con- 
cert was given in the Auditorium of the First Universalist Church, 
standing at that time on East Elm Street. The sum of $2,000 
was realized from the concert. Mile. Nilsson sang her famous 
"Swedish Melodies" at the close of the program. In response to 
an encore, she sang "Old Folks at Home." Her sympathetic 
rendering of this song moved many of her compatriots to tears. 

Vieuxtemps, the famous violin virtuoso and composer, was a 
member of her troupe. He played his exquisite "Reverie." In 
responding to an encore, his choice of "Yankee Doodle" is said 
to have somewhat shocked the more sensitive members of the 
audience. 

At the close of the concert, the prima donna was given a recep- 
tion in the vestry of the church. Pastor Lindeblad addressed 
her in the Swedish tongue, expressing the gratitude of the people 
of his church for her generous efforts in their behalf. A Song 
of Praise, in which Mile. Nilsson joined in singing with her com- 
patriots, ended the event.] 

The scene represents the concert of November 13, 1870, and 
the reception which followed. Mile. Nilsson sings "The Old 
Folks at Home" with her compatriots. Pastor Lindeblad con- 
gratulates her and expresses gratitude for his people. A little 
girl presents the prima donna with a bouquet. 

'As Countess de Miranda of Sweden, deceased November 22. 1921. 

147 



RECHRISTENING THE TOWN 
Episode III. — Scene IV. 

B. O. Caldwell : Kenneth D. Hamilton. 

C. C. Bixbv, Master of Ceremonies : 

James P. Keith. 
R. H. Kimball, Proposer of Toast: 

Ernest \Y. Stedman. 
H. W. Robinson, Merchant : F. A. Winship. 
A. T. Jones, Editor : Charles F. Winsor. 
Charles R. Ford, Selectman : 

G. Edgar Russell. 
Isaac Kingman, Selectman : 

William J. Loheecl. 
Welcome H. Wales, Selectman : Elijah Keith. 
Male singers, citizens, Martland's Band. 

In charge of Walk Over Club, 
Mr. Philip Cote, Leader. 

| The development of the shoe industry during and soon after 
the Civil War brought a rapid growth to the town. Many pro- 
gressive citizens felt that the name of "North Bridgewater" was 
unsuitable for a town which bade fair, within the next few years, 
to become a large city. Appropriate names were sought far and 
near, and many curious ones proposed. Standish, Oriole, Pyrola 
and Amburg, were among early suggestions. The Legislature 
was petitioned to change the town's name to ''Standish." No 
sooner had a favorable reply been received than a preference was 
expressed for the names of "Stanton" and "Amburg." 

Norwood, Allerton and Avon — the latter a favorite with many 
citizens — followed in succession. It remairfed for a well-known 
business man, Mr. Ira Copeland, to bring from a Canadian visit 
the name, which on account of its individuality and terseness, was 
most generally approved — the name "Brockton." The advocates 
of the name of "Avon" were loath to surrender their choice. 
Rivalry between the two factions waxed strong. At length, the 
night before the voting day, a mammoth torchlight procession was 

149 



arranged by the advocates of "Brockton." The procession is 
recorded as "one of the finest parades ever witnessed in our 
streets." 

The evening following, when the name "Brockton" had been 
chosen by a large majority vote, a banquet was held by prominent 
citizens- — advocates of "Avon" and "Brockton" alike— at the 
"Washburn House," corner of School and Main Streets. The 
house was rechristened "Brockton House." There was speech- 
making by the shining lights of the town. A toast was proposed 
to the departed name "North Bridgewater." With the singing 
of "Auld Lang Syne" the company broke up, "forgetting the 
momentary acerbities of the campaign, recalling the fact that 
their interests in the welfare of the town were identical, pledging 
their mutual assistance to build up and strengthen the prosperity 
of the place, and to give to whatever name it shall bear, a worthy 
character and an honorable reputation."] 

The scene represents Main Street, North Bridgewater, at the 
time of the famous torchlight procession, May 4, 1874, the 
evening before the final choice of a new name for the town was 
made. 

The procession enters to stirring music by the North Bridge- 
water Brass Band. Marshal Caldwell appears on horseback. Many 
citizens follow. They carry torches, banners and transparencies. 
The inscriptions displayed indicate the varied preferences as to 
a choice of name. 

"Wouldn't 'Brockton Shoe' 
Sound good to you?" 

is one which arouses enthusiasm. "All for Allerton" is carried 
by another group. "We're for Standish," and "Why not Ara- 
burg?" are others. "Avon Is Our Choice" and "The Avon Re- 
serves" meet popular approval. Each group is lustily cheered as 
it passes. There is a cavalcade of horses. Wagons bring up 
the rear. The Town Fathers, in all the dignity of "tall hats," 
ride in a "barouche." 

150 



With the passing of the procession a group of citizens assemble, 
representing the gathering at the "Washburn House," the fol- 
lowing night, for a banquet. The sign "Washburn House" is 
removed and "Brockton House" substituted. Cheers are given 
for the new name. A citizen proposes a toast to the departed 
name of "North Bridgewater." The band plays the opening- 
bars of "Auld Lang Syne" and all sing heartily. 

Interlude — Vision of the Coming City. 

Again the Vision appears — this time more distinctly seen, and 
accompanied by the figures of Peace and Prosperity. She has 
begun to assume reality with the passing of years. The "builders 
of the town" have labored unceasingly. Their industry is bring- 
ing reward in the expansion of the town. They now look forward 
to the coming city. 

EPISODE IV. 
OUR POET, BRYANT 

William Cullen Bryant : John F. Scully. 
Fame : Lucille Bouldry. 
Poetry : Phyllis Fanning. 
Yellow Violet: Mildred Packard. 
Fringed Gentian : Gladys Roach. 
Love : James William Tonis. 
Folly: Richard Tonis. 

In Charge of the Bryant Memorial Association, 
Miss Susan M. Doane, Leader. 

[The celebrated poet, William Cullen Bryant, was of North 
Bridgewater parentage. Both his father. Dr. Peter Bryant, and 
his mother, Sarah Snell, were born in the old town. As a youth 
of twenty, the poet came in 1814 to reside for a year at the home 
of his grandparents on Belmont Street, while pursuing law studies 
with a "well-instructed jurist," William Baylies of West Bridge- 
water. In 1815 he was admitted to the bar. Two years later, the 
North American Review published his poem, "Thanatopsis," 

151 



which has been characterized as "the most remarkable poem ever 
written by a young man." A few years later he abandoned law 
for literature, meeting the success that is well known. Among 
the poems undoubtedly of North Bridgewater inspiration are the 
verses of "The Yellow Violet." The dainty blossoms grew in 
profusion near the old homestead. 

In August, 1874, the poet again visited his ancestral home. In 
a letter to a friend, he refers to "the house where my grandfather, 
Dr. Philip Bryant, lived, and the graveyard, where he and his 
wife, Silence, lie buried beside my great-grandparents." The 
house stands west of the Brockton Fair Grounds, at 815 Belmont 
Street, and today bears a Bryant tablet. The graveyard is nearly 
opposite the house. 

At the time of this, his last visit, the poet was in his eightieth 
year. He is described by one who saw him as "tall, straight and 
handsome, with majestic white beard, and sharp, shining eyes."] 

The scene represents the poet, at the time of his last visit to 
Brockton, in August, 1874, at the age of eighty. 

He is accompanied by the symbolic figures of Fame with i 
laurel wreath, Poetry with a lyre, and three children of his Muse: 
"The Yellow Violet," "The Fringed Gentian" and "Love and 
Folly." 

The Fringed Gentian : 

"Then doth thy sweet and quiet eye 
Look through its fringes to the sky. 
Blue — blue — as if that sky let fall 
A flower from its cerulean wall." 

The Yellow Violet : 

"When beechen buds begin to swell. 
And woods the blue-birds warble know. 
The yellow violet's modest bell 
Peeps from the last year's leaves below." 

Love and Folly : 

"As once beneath the fragrant shade, 

>(: * ^ s|s >jc ^ 

The children, Love and Folly, played." 

153 



THE FIRST BROCKTON FAIR 
October 7, 8, 9, 1874. 

In charge of The Twentieth Century Catholic Club, 
Miss Abigail Kinney, Leader. 

[On October 7, 8 and 9, 1874, occurred the First Annual Exhi- 
bition of the Brockton Agricultural Society. To furnish capital, 
$8,960 of stock was sold in shares of $10 each. Successful from 
the first, the subsequent yearly exhibitions of the Society have 
contributed in an immeasurable degree to the city's progress. 

In the Gazette account of the opening exhibition in 1874, we 
find that the "show of fowls" and the "department of neat stock" 
were particularly commended. There was a tent instead of the 
present exhibition hall ; the fancy articles displayed were described 
as "multifarious in pattern and design, often mysterious in their 
probable uses." 

A baseball match between the King Philips of Rockland and 
the Howard Club of Brockton was one of the field attractions. 
On the closing day, a "Fireman's Trial," as it was termed, brought 
twenty-five fire engines from towns as far distant as Danvers, 
Marlboro and Provincetown, for a contest of power. The Han- 
cocks of the "West Shares," now Brockton Heights, won the first 
prize, and, in addition, were presented with a large broom, to 
indicate their sweeping victory. The gate receipts of $4,750 for 
the fair of 1874 compares interestingly with those of $157,567 in 
1920. 

The gates of the first Brockton Fair are opened. People are 
arriving in large numbers. A medley of characteristic sounds 
is heard. Exhibitors are bringing pent-up fowl in hen-coops ; 
pigs, heifers, all manner of animals. Farmers drive in with 
wagons filled with squashes. Women bring afghans of brilliant 
hue, quilts, fancy work of the period, baskets of pears and apples. 
Venders pass through the crowd hawking their wares. Balloons 
are popular with all. Popcorn is displayed in open carts. "Sir 
William Wallace," well blanketed, is led past by a stable boy, 
being exercised between the "Free-for-All Class" races. The 

154 




Photo by Wilson. 



THE BROCKTON FAIR OF TODAY. 



red shirts of the "Hancock" firemen give color to the scene. The 
engine is proudly displayed and the broom given to the company 
as a trophy of victory over twenty-five other contestants in the 
"Fireman's Trial" of the day. 

Members of the baseball nines, the "King Philips'' from Rock- 
land and the "Howards" from Brockton, are seen "passing ball." 
A carryall drives in, bearing the placard, "Charter Member," 
filled to overflowing with children and guests of the family, "free 
admission" being one of the assured privileges of charter members. 

ARRIVAL OF THE CITY 

1881. 

Episode TV. —Scene III. 
Heralds: Richard Allen. Harold Ellis. 
George Franklin Jacobs, Kenneth Sampson. 
Bearer of City Charter: Mrs. H. B. Caswell. 
Industry: Mrs. H. C. Nichols. 
Faith : Mrs. W. E. Shaw. 
The City : Mrs. Roger Keith. 
Education : Mrs. Carlton Leach. 
Tolerance : Mrs. William Wells, 
justice: Mrs. W. R. J. Marks. 
Peace: Mrs. Justin Keith. 
Thrift : Mrs. I. A. Rogers. 
Perseverance : Mrs. Henry Perkins. 
Charity : Mrs. C. F. Bachelder. 
Truth: Mrs. F. W. Wormelle. 
Prosperity : Mrs. Emory C. Wixon. 
Temperance: Mrs. Harris Fleming. 
Bearers of Seal : Mrs. Raymond Drake, 
Mrs. Warren Packard. 
Procession of the Arts: Opportunity Circle. 
Procession of the Industries : 

Joint Shoe Council. 
In charge of Woman's Club, 
Mrs. Ralph G. Swain, Leader. 

156 




ARRIVAL OF THE CITY. 



Photo by Merrill 



[A dream of many years was realized, when, on April 9, 1881, 
the Act of Incorporation of the City of Brockton was passed by 
the Legislature. The inaugural ceremonies took place in the 
"Opera House" in Bryant Block. Chairman H. H. Packard of 
the Board of Selectmen presided. In presenting the Mayor-elect, 
Ziba C. Keith, he referred to him as "the first Mayor of the first 
city of Plymouth County." 

Governor Long brought the greetings of the State of Massa- 
chusetts in an address of congratulation and encouragement to 
the new city: "This is an event which, transforming your town 
into a city of 15,000 inhabitants, with a valuation of nearly $7,- 
000,000, marks the rapid growth and the centering of great manu- 
facturing and business interests. Let us endeavor to be worthy 
of the Old Colony, worthy of our ancient Plymouth County, of 
the Commonwealth, of the old town unsurpassed in the character 
of its people, — in the contributions it has made to every depart- 
ment of the intelligent progress of Massachusetts."] 

A fanfare of trumpets is heard in the distance. This is followed 
by the strains of a stately march. Four Heralds, announcing the 
coming of the City, enter blowing golden trumpets. The Bearer 
of the City Charter follows. Beneath a canopy, upheld by four 
Civic Virtues : Faith, Tolerance, Industry and Education, comes 
the City. She is attended by eight other Civic Virtues : Justice, 
Peace, Perseverance, Thrift, Prosperity, Truth, Charity, Tem- 
perance. Bearers of the City Seal follow. The City takes her 
place upon the throne, surrounded by her attendants. The Her- 
alds again sound their trumpets. Processions of the City's Arts 
and Industries enter. Among the Arts are: Music, Painting, 
Drama, Sculpture, Song, Dancing, Elocution, Poetry, Architec- 
ture, Engraving, Embroidery, and Photography. 

The industries include the manufactures of Shoes, Lasts, 
Boxes, Shoe Patterns, Shoe Tools, Machinery, Knives, Webbing, 
Rands, Welts, Box Toes, Heels, Dies, Leather, Brooms, Black- 
ing, Garments, and Hardware. 

158 



SONG OF THE CITY 
Music by Edward Elgar. 

The City walks in queenly state, 

Rejoice, O children free! 
Guard well her future, and the fate 

Of Civic majesty. 
Of Justice, may her sceptre be, 

Her jewel, golden Youth, 
Her royal robe, sweet Charity, 

Her diadem, fair Truth. 
Sing the City's glory ! 

Unity, her shield. 
Visions of our fathers, 

In her power revealed. 
Onward still her progress, 

Fair be her renown, 
God who made men brothers, 

Star with Peace her crown ! 

ARBITRATION AND INDUSTRIAL PEACE* 
Episode IV. — Scene IV. 
Discord : Daisy Driver. 
Arbitration : Marion Pope. 

In 1898, the Boot and Shoe Workers' Union offered to the 
employers in the shoe trade and their employees, a plan by which 
arbitration of industrial disputes could be substituted for strikes 
and lockouts. It was no wonder that business men of vision and 
acumen, having in mind the experience of the previous decade 
and looking forward to the future in the marketing of the product 
through their own stores, realized the need of joining with 
employees in the introducing of arbitration into the industrial life 
of Brockton. Within five years nearly all the shoe manufactur- 
ing concerns of the city adopted this plan and have since utilized 
its principles as a basis for regulating affairs with the employees. 

* Omitted in production. 

J 59 



For more than a score of years, Brockton has practically elim- 
inated the strike and lockout from its industrial life, established 
permanent relations between workman and employer and given 
to the world practical demonstrations of a program by which rea- 
son, instead of force, can decide the issues arising between labor 
and capital.] * 

The City views from her dais the coming of her Arts and 
Industries. They arrive to stately music and take place either 
side her throne. The Industries are a united group. Peace and 
Justice stand near the City's dais, prominent among the Civic 
Virtues. 

There is a clash in the harmonious music. The figure of Dis- 
cord, in yellow-green, appears. At her approach there is a move- 
ment of unrest among the group of Industries Peace trembles 
as she advances menacingly toward her ; she raises a protesting 
hand. Discord continues her threats and Peace sadly steps down 
from her place and leaves the City. Discord whispers words of 
dissension into the ears of the Industries. The group separates 
into two factions — representing now Labor and Capital. The 
leaders appeal to the City. She bids Justice decide between them. 
Justice, balancing in her golden scales the arguments presented, 
announces that Arbitration alone can settle the grievances. Arbi- 
tration is summoned. She listens impartially to both leaders. 
Discord is driven away. Then, uniting the two factions into a 
solid group again, she summons Peace, who returns gladly to her 
place near the City's throne. 

* From information furnished by Mr. John P. Meade, Deputy 
State Commissioner of Labor. 



Interlude: ELECTRICITY'S TOUCH 

In 1883, the newly-incorporated city of Brockton was honored 
by a visit of a week from the "Wizard of Menlo Park" — Thomas 
A. Edison. 

The occasion of his stay was the opening on October 1 of the 
Edison Electric Lighting Station, and his interest in the workings 

160 



of the first three-wire undergound lighting system ever installed. 
Brockton may also claim the first theatre ever lighted from a 
central station, the first residence so lighted, and the first fire- 
engine house, the latter equipped to light all lamps at night and 
to liberate the horses with the striking of the alarm. 

This underground system was especially welcome in Brockton 
on account of the large and beautiful trees which at that time 
adorned the principal streets. 

For two years this was the show plant of the Edison company, 
many other cities coming here to observe, and later to adopt, the 
Brockton system of lighting. 

Spirit of Electricity: Miss Alice Thibeault. 

The Spirit of Electricity appears before the City group. She 
carries a magic wand tipped with a mysterious power. As she 
dances, arrayed in dazzling blue, she raises aloft her wand, and 
behold, its magic power sets myriads of stars a-twinkling, and 
the whole city is bathed in beautiful light. 



FINALE 



The dread War Spirit again appears, leading forward the sol- 
diers of the National Guard and the American Legion. Her 
presence indicates the part the city took in the World War of 1914- 
1918, when ninety-nine of the city's gallant sons made the supreme 
sacrifice. 

The City welcomes the later pilgrims. National groups salute 
the City. Among the nations represented are the Greek, Syrian, 
Lithuanian, Polish, Italian, Armenian, Portuguese, Albanian, and 
Scandinavian. They carry the flags of their native countries. As 
they join the City's province, they receive the American flag, 
thereby indicating their acceptance of American ideals, and the 
desire of the City to aid them in becoming worthy citizens. 

The strength of the fraternal element in the city's life is shown 
by the procession of members of fraternal orders, who now march 
upon the stage in great numbers. 

As the vast numbers fill the stage, the strains of the National 
Anthem are heard and audience and pageanters join in a grand 
chorus, voicing their unity of purpose in carrying forward the 
great ideals upon which Brockton was founded — Freedom, 
National Allegiance, and the Brotherhood of Man. 

161 




WILLIAM T. CARD 

Chairman I'ageant Book Committee, Member Centennial Book Committee 



CAST OF CHARACTERS 

Editor's Note. — The Cast is unfortv.nc/ely inaccurate through 

the practical impossibility of correction after the Production. The 

list has been partially revised, with the assistance of Episode 

Leaders. In general it is printed as in The Original Pageant 

Book. 

Prologue : the Wilderness Perley Harriman 

In charge of the Matron's Club Elwin Hodge 
Episode Leader: Mrs. William Choler ton Florence Blakeman 



Dancing Director : Mae MeGee 
Nature : Mrs. J. F. Scully 

Spirits of the Plain 
Margaret Alexander 
Dorothy Beaton 
Lois Briggs 
Mabelle Cornell 
Mildred Holmes 
Marjorie Johnson 
Marion Shaw 
Audrey Sinclair 

Spirits of the Forest 
Helen Bassett 
Eleanor Butler 
Winifred Hamilton 
Betty Kendall 
Gladys Lanier 
Mildred Manning 
Hazel Percy 
Ruth Ward 

Indian Braves 
George Leach Chapman 
Carl Swanson 

Water Spirits 
Mildred Alger 
Catherine Brown 
Ellen DeLory 
Edna Irving 
Barbara Locke 
Dorothy Mahv 
Gladys Moore 
Phyllis Oliver 

EPISODE I — SCENE I 
Indian Encampment 
In charge of the Matronalias 
Episode Leader : Mrs. Charles Lawrence 
Meda, a Medicine Man : C. H. Chevigny 
Chief Ousamequin : David Jewell 
Scout : David Jewell. Jr. 
Tisquantum : Stephen CotS 
Calumet Bearer : John McCutcheon 
Braves : George Leach Chapman. 

Carl Swanson 
Hunters 
Gordon Caswell 
Fred French, Jr. 
Albert Gifford 
Wallace Hill 
Burrill Linehan 
Grover Perkins 
Herbert Taft 
John Towers 
Henry Weatherwax 

Members of Tribe 
Liloyd Bemis 
Robert Bostock 
Frank Grindle 



Josephine Coleman 
Lillian Crist 
Eda Earle 
Harriet Eaton 
Vera Fulton 
Margaret Gray 
Celia W. Hammond 
Edith Hayward 
Irene Hill 
Mrs. Wallace Hill 
Mrs. David Jewell 
Alice Keene 
Marion Keene 
Mildred Keene 
Frank Keene 
Allan H. Jacobs 
Donald McLeod 
Porter Packard 
Alice Linehan 
Catherine Linehan 
Alma McDonald 
Mabel McDonald 
Etta McMorrow 
Evelyn McMorrow 
Alice Perkins 
Alice Puffer 
Catherine Puffer 
Eleane Richardson 
Barbara Richmond 
Mildred A. Smith 
Jean Stedman 
Eleanor Swift 
Edith Thomas 
Dorothy J. Whitney 
Gladys T. Whitney 
Mildred Willis 

EPISODE I — SCENE 2 
Purchase of the Land 
In charge of the Press Club 
Episode Leader: William G. Kilner 
Miles Standish : Charles C. Carr 
Constant Southworth : Harold C. 

Whitcomb 
Samuel Nash : Harry W. Norman 
Two Duxbury Men : William Price, 

Walter Watts 
First Settler : J. William MacPherson 
Wife : Mrs. Elsie R. Clough 
Child: Pearl Blanchard 
Other Settlers : 
George M. Adams 
Harold D. Bent 
David Bowles 
Everett L. Emery 
Irving S. Fisher 
Roy E. Jennings 
Carl A. Loring 



163 



Harry W. Sails 
Emory C. Wixon 

EPISODE I— SCENE 3 

The First Settler and the New 
England Climate 
In charge of the South Parish Club 
Episode Leader : Alice Shurtleff 
Nature : Mrs. John F. Scully 

Spirits of the Forest 
Helen Bassett 
Eleanor Butler 
Winifred Hamilton 
Betty Kendall 
Gladys Larner 
Mildred Manning 
Hazel Percy 
Ruth Ward 

Winds 
North : Marie Cot6 
South : Ida Horton 
East : Florence Davy 
West : E. Rubie Capen 

Winter 
Dorothy Bumpus 
Doris Fisher 
Marjorie Gove 
Adelaide King 
Doris Lane 
Frances Randall 
Grace Reilly 
Gunhild Wennergren 

Summer 
Ruth Bassett 
Dorothv Borroughs 
Amy Ellis 
Ida Fogge 
Marion L. Keith 
Beatrice <>•'•>•;. n 
Rosamund Sinclair 
Barbara Willis 

Spring 
Catherine Bartlett 
Margaret Clough 
Doris Jones 
Beatrice Pierce 
Evelyn Meldrum 
Louise Perkins 
I, ciira Lutz 
Helen Woodard 

Autumn 
Adele Cunningham 
Barbara Dailey 
Harriet Folsom 
Rita Littlefield 
Christine McPherson 
Frances Miller 
Ellen Perkins 
Helen Rudden 

EPISODE II — SCENE 1 

Church-Going 

In charge of the Porter and 

Colonial Clubs 

Episode Leaders : Mrs. B. D. Colwell, 

Mrs. L. T. Briggs 
Song Leader : Grace James 
Rev. John Porter : Rev. Warren P. 

Landers 
Mrs. Porter : Mrs. Edward Plummer 
Children : 
Eldon Briggs 



Harriet Chase 

Pauline Chase 

Barbara Drake 

Philip S. Holmes 

Alonzo Johnson 

Charles Tallon 

Ruth E. Vaughn 

Tithing-Man : Emorv Wixon 

Man and Wife (Pillion Stvle) : 

Budd D. Colwell. Madaleine Ellis 
Deacons 
Capt. Isaac Packard : Charles Barden 
Deacon Edson : Jesse Perkins 
Jonathan Cary : Eben Tilden 
Dr. Philip Bryant : Albert H. Gifford 
Capt. Barnabas Howard: 

Walter Lovejoy 
Isaaeher Snell, Esq. : Allison Baldwin 
Josiah Perkins : Henry Perkins 
Jabez Field : Dwight Powell 
Abia Keith : Chandler D. Hall 
Henry Kingman : Edward Plummer 

Congregation 
Mrs. A. L. Beals 
Mrs. L. T. Briggs 
Adam Burnette 
Sallie Chase 
Elinor Cushman 
Dorothy Davidson 
Francis Drake 
Mrs. Francis Drake 
Mrs. Charles Dunham 
Mrs. Mace Gav 
Mrs. Chandler D. Hall 
Fred Holmes 
Mrs. Fred Holmes 
Mrs. R. P. Kelley 
Donald Lane 
Helen Lucev 
Roger Marshall 
.Mrs. L. B. Packard 
Mrs. Dwight Powell 
Mrs. David Niles 
Mrs. Ida Short 
Mrs. Herbert Thomas 
Mrs. Eben Tilden 
Mrs. E. Upton 

EPISODE II— SCENE 2 
First Town Meeting 
In charge of the Rotary Club 
Episode Leader : Horace Richmond 
Caleb Howard, .Tustic of Peace: 

Edgar Howard 
Lemuel French, Freehold Inhabitant : 
Fred French 
Joseph Sylvester, Moderator : 

C. C. King 
Col. Edward Southworth, Town 
Clerk and Treasurer: 

L. E. Chamberlain 
Abel Kingman, Selectman : 

Albert Barker 
Howard Carey, Selectman : 

George Cary 
Capt. Zaehariah Gurney : 

George N. Gordon 
Benjamin Ames, Constable : 

Burton Stewart 
Eliphalet Kingman : Frank Kingman 
Rev. Daniel Huntington : M. A. Davis 
Storekeeper : Robert Fraser 



164 



Doctor : George A. Thatcher 
Inn Keeper: George Priest 
Storekeeper : Paul Jones 
Lawyer : Bernard Saxton 
Prominent Citizen : J. Frank Beal 
Doctor : H. A. Keith 
Notary and Justice of Peace : 

Harold Keith 
Storekeeper : Harry H. Williams 

Farmers 
William G. Allen 
George E. Boiling 
William F. Daly 
Davis M. DeBard 
Raymond E. Drake 
Charles R. Felton 
Nahum Gillespie 
Samuel W. Goddard 
Everett S. Hall 
Henry C. Hatch 
Frank S. Howard 
Lester S. Howard 
Paul Jones 
Isaac Kibrick 
Fred B. Leonard 

Laborers 
W. B. Atwood 
P.. W. Iris 
F. F. Johnson 
Michael D. Long 
Robert W. MacMillan 
Alfred W. Nelson 
Fred L. Packard 
Warren B. Packard 
A. Roger Terkins 
Frank L. Price 
Warren S. Shaw 
A. Loring Smith 
George W. Smith 
F. W. Sproul 
Henrv C. Sylvester 
Frank A. Ton : s 
Wilford H. Wallace 
Alfred H. Wilbur 
Micah Faxon : F. S. Faxon 

EPISODE II — SCENE 3 

Mis' Jones' School 

In charge of the Grade Teachers' 

Club 

Episode Leader : Persis H. Maxson 

Mrs. Nathan Jones : Arlena F. Russell 

Pupils 
Evelyn Barry 
Sue A. Cousens 
Ruth W. EUiott 
Nellie W. Emery 
Gertrude Flaherty 
Minetta Goodell 
Katherine L. Flint 
Helen K. Howard 
Hattie L. Leonard 
Nellie MacArthur 
Louise X. Marvel 
Bertha M. Ogden 
Helen P. Robbins 
Ellen C. Rooney 
Inez E. Smith 
Mary J. Southwick 
Edith L. Sullivan 
Jeanette Thibadeau 
Geneva M. Young 



EPISODE TT — SCENE 4 
Quilting Bee 
In charge of tne Ten Times One Club 
Episode Leader : 

Mrs. Sprague S. Baker 
Mistress Kingman : 

Mrs. Charles R. Storey 
Mr. Kingman : Charles R. Storey 
Fiddler : Laurence C. Shaw 

Guests 
Mrs. Clarence Baker, 2nd 
Mrs. Albert Bolster 
Marie Buchanan 
Mrs. Lloyd A. Emery 
Mrs. Fred F. Field 
Mrs. Andrew C. Gibbs 
Blanche Holmes 
Mrs. George W. Howland 
Mrs. Harold V. Lawson 
Mrs. Laurence S. Miller 
Mrs. Lewis E. Rye 
Mrs. Lawrence C. Shaw 
Mrs. Harold S. Swain 
Mrs. Herbert M. Willis 
Clarence M. Baker, 2nd 
Sprague S. Baker 
Arthur Bartlett 
Albert Bolster 
A. T. Eldridge 
Chas. O. Emerson, Jr. 
Lloyd A. Emery 
Andrew C. Gibbs 
Billy Holmes 
Dudley Davidson 
Jack Davidson 
Philip Davidson 

iirles Hellander 
George W. Howland 
Harold Lawson 
Lawrence L. Miller 
Emil Ohmert 
Lewis E. Rye 
Harold S. Swain 
William Wells 
George Randall 
Stanley Randall 
Audrey Renaud 
Barbara Swain 

EPISODE III — SCENE 1 

Coming of Railroad 

In charge of the Maids and 

Matrons Club 

Episode Leader : 

Mrs. George C. Keyes 
Shoe Manufacturer : Lester Packard 
An Old Lady : Mrs. Clinton W. Delano 
Postmaster Southwick : Ernest Jackson 
A Citizen : Chester Gilbert 
Stage Driver Jabez Gould : 

F. Ernest Mackie 
A Surveyor : G. Ernest Spear 
Small Boy : Ralph Spear 
Station Agent Bennett : 

Norman Petrie 
Town's People : 
Mrs. Alfred G. Barnfield 
Dorothv Pm-p^am 
Mrs. Joseph Burnham 
Mrs. A. T. Ensui- 
Mrs. H. F. Mohr 
Mrs. Lester Packard 



165 



Catherine Riley 
A. G. Barnfield 
Henry F. Mohr 
Phyllis Ensor 
Ernestine Jackson 
Albert Tomkins 
Lester Packard, Jr. 
Mrs. Paul Field 
Mrs. Edgar Ward 
Mrs. James Hasey 
Mrs. Percy Janes 
Mrs. Thomas Hartling 
Mrs. George Young 
Mrs. Frank Dickenson 
Mrs. Percy Groten 
Mrs. Arthur Ward 
Mrs. George Wilson 
Mrs. Harry Lanes 
Mrs. Bert Moore 
Mrs. Oliver Poole 
Mrs. Margaret Duffleld 
Ruth Field 
Madeline Dickenson 
Cleta Bearse 
Mildred Field 
Elinore Hartling 
Ernest Tomkins 
Mary Field 
Evelyn Ward 

EPISODE III — SCENE 2 
Civil War 
In charge of the Douglas Employes' 
Relief Association 
Episode Leader : Wm. F. Brady 
J. R. Perkins : Emil F. Ohmert 
Capt. I. Richmond : P. D. Richmond 
Dr. Hichborn : 

George Packard Johnson 
C. L. Sproul : G. W. Alden 
A. L. Harmon : T. F. Crawford 
Spirit of War : Anna Cote' 
Volunteer : J. B. Macfarlane 
Citizen : W. G. Smith 
Galen Edson : Leroy B. Perkins 
Volunteer : William K. Carroll 
Volunteer : Rosse Burrill 
W. J. Martland : Mace Gay 
Woman : Evangeline Crawford 

Fletcher Webster Post No. 13, 
G. A. R. 
Com. Winfleld S. Groton 
George Bartlett 
Stanton F. Bourne 
Andrew C. Gibus 
George Grant 
Oliver Hayes 
F. Holmes 
M. Holmes 
Albert Howland 
Adam Lemont 
Edward Mottau 
Hugh Reilly 
Samuel Wade 

Women's Relief Corps 
Josie Carter: President 
Mrs. o. C. Blair 
Josie Bourne 
Lizzie Brett 
Nellie Cook 
Nettie Coolidge 
Margaret Crawford 



Evelyn HoiLou 
Jeanette Sherman 
Alice Stoddard 
Florence Swift 
Annie Tower 

Camp 17 R. B. Grover, Sons of 
Veterans 
J. B. McFarland : Captain 
Herbert Benton 
Thomas Crawford 
Earle Groten 
Harry Higgins 
Herbert Jouu&ou 
George Lord 
Walter Moore 
John Ordway 
Frank Southworth 
Harold Thompson 

Daughters of Veterans 
Eva Crawford : President 
Hattie Balcom 
Nellie Cook 
Clara Fitzgerald 
Effie Ford 
Mary Ford 
Annie McFarland 
Mary Norris 
L. Jennie Sampson 
Eva Smith 
W. J. Martland Band. 1861 — 

W. J. Martland Band, 1921 
W. J. Martland : Mace Gay, Leader 
Amasa S. Glover : Frank Abbott 
Thaddeus M. Packard : Ernest Bouldry 
George E. Sturtevant : Louis Carroll 
Robert S. White r Wilson P. Crafts 
Lucius H. Packard : Walter H. Damon 
Henry C. Packard : J. F. Doherty 

Richard P.. Atkinson : J. B. Edson 

William Dubois: Ralph Goodwin 
George A. Bates : John Hoban 

Samuel C. Perkins: Damon Hoyt 

Isaac C. Dunham : William Julius 
John B. Emmes : E. F. Manning 
Joseph Kennedy : W. T. Nickerson 

Fernando DeArgome : Waldo Packard 

Minot Thayer : Elmer C. Shaw 

Nathaniel Carver: Guy Smith 

John Calnan : Charles Sullivan 

James S. Bean : L. A. Wardwell 

Louis A. Beaumont : Earle Wells 

Charles M. Capin : Ernest Wineburg 

Battery E — First Regiment Field 
Artillery, Mass. National Guard. 
Brockton, Mass. 

Capt. Lawrence Kingman 

Carl II. Anderson 

P.atfiste Bonaparte 

Fred Chamberlain 

Edward A. Connell 

Francis J. Connell 

Andrew O. Cole 

Owen F. Conway 

Eugene F. Connolly 

George Edwards 

Richard Faxon 

Roger C. Fisher 

Eugene Gingras 

Francis Henneby 

Robert D. Keith 

Hiram M. Kimball 

Augustus L. Locket ti 

166 




CHILDREN FROM THE BRYANT GROUP. Photo by Jacobs. 




GOING TO CHURCH PILLION STYLE. Photo by Jacobs. 



Joseph W. Laverty 
Louis Lincoln 
Joseph W. Mannix 
James E. McCabe 
William C. McCabe 
Edward W. McCabe 
William Mclntyre 
Harry M. Morse 
Clyde F. Moody 
Joseph Noonan 
Lewis J. Rnchinan 
George R. Wood 

Douglas Employees' Relief 
Margaret Adams 
Inez Alden 
Evelyn Anderson 
Mrs. Maud Bagnell 
Doris Beal 
Leona Brady 
Edith Brown 
Mrs. B. Burgess 
Esther G. Christiansen 
Hazel Conley 
Zee Coolidge 
Lucy Darney 
Gertrude Doherty 
Sadie Decoste 
Ruth Fagan 
Laura Elder 
Bertha Edwards 
Gladys Pay 
Charlotte Flanagan 
Ina Flanagan 
Lillian Green 
Mabel Green 
Gladys Hennessy 
Mabelle Higgins 
Marion E Howard 
Gunhild Hielmstedt 
Evelyn McCue 
Helen S. Matthews 
Etta Martin 
Mildred Lipper 
Grace Lingham 
Anna Labombard 
Madeline G. Kenney 
Rachel McDonald 
Tina MacDonald 
Esther Moberg 
Dorothy Monroe 
Margaret Murphy 
Lucy MeSweeney 
Eva Nelson 
Ebba Nelson 
Elizabeth O'Brien 
Nellie Ogden 
Bertha N. Petkon 
Helen Quinn 
Volga Ryberg 
Bernadette Seney 
Regina Seney 
Martha Sharron 
Mildred Sheehan 
Mary A. Smith 
Hazel Spillane 
Marion Stewart 
Ruth Sweeney 
Nellie Thornell 
Marion Tower 
Cecelia Welch 
Mabel Wells 
Ada Winchester 



William F. Bradley 
E. Blankinship 
T. Brides 
C. P. Burnham 
Ward Butts 
P. Bydwo 
William K. Carroll 
Arthur Cole 
George Cowing 
George Clement 
H. Dame 
M. Delorey 
Association II. Derosier 
J. Dorgan 
Carl Engstrom 
Kenneth Erskine 
II. <'. Porbush 
S. C. Gay 
Allen Griffin 
H. Gullbrants 
Dan Healer 
Harry W. Hill 
Charles M. Horton 
Herbert Hubbard 
P. E. Jackson 
Emil Johnson 
Lloyd L. Johnson 
Melvin Knight 
M. J. Lavelle 
J. Mack 
Gabriel Marrese 
William Marston 
G. II. Mather 
\V. E. McBride 
A. MacDonald 
J. MacDonald 
Joseph McGeary 
J. P. McLean 
Christopher Moore 
Leon L. Nevins 
James P. O'Connell 
Emil Ohmerl 
Patrick Peterson 
Wallace Peterson 
J. Petrucelli 
Lerov B. Perkins 
Ralph Reed 
Joseph Savage 
George Scheufele 
Joseph Severage 
W. G. Smith 
H. Stone 
.1. J. Sullivan 
W. E. Sweeney 
John J. Toomey 
Rov AVass 
Marshall Wright 



EPISODE III — SCENE 3 
Visit of Christine Nilsson 
In charge of Lutheran Male Chorus 
Episode Leader: Emil Lagergren 
Director of Music: Hjalmer Preberg 
Mile. Nilsson: Ellen Nelson 
Yiettxtemps, violinist : Edward White 
Si "nor Brignoli : Joseph Rodophele 
Gisnor Verger : Wilfred Richard 
Miss Cary : Nora A. Lagergren 
Pastor Lindeblad: Conrad B. Mansbach 
Little Girl : 

Barbara Elizabeth Appleton 
Max Strakosch : Bruno Arratta 



168 



Accompanist : Charles Phillips 

Male Chorus — Hjalmer Freberg, 
Director 
First Tenors 
Adolph E. Anderson 
Albert Anderson 
Arthur Anderson 
William N. Anderson 
Bertel Lawson 
Byron Mansbach 
Frank Moberg 
George Swanson 

Second Tenors 
Arthur Hollertz 
Waldemar Jacobson 
Mallard Nelson 
Ragnar Paulson 
Oscar Pearson 
Carl G. Poison 
Walter Sondeen 

Baritones 
Axel M. Anderson 
Evald C. Anderson 
Carl Freberg 
Fred Hylen 
Vincent Hylen 
Carl Lawson 
Arthur Moberg 
Eldon Steele 

Basses 
Everett Burgess 
C. Fred Hillberg 
Carl N. Johnson 
Frank E. Johnson 
George Kullman 
Earl W. Mansbach 
Sander Olson 
Everett W. Nelson 
Herbert Otterberg 
Martin Otterberg 
Enar Peterson 
Chester T. Swanson 

Audience 
Mrs. Alma Anderson 
Esther Anderson 
Margaret Anderson 
Hilden Cullunberg 
Mrs. Mamie Drowns 
Ruth Drowns 
Mrs. Oscar Enlund 
Irene Enlund 
Mrs. Ellen Freberg 
Mrs. Clara Freberg 
Mrs. Harry Gustafson 
Harry Gustafson 
Ruth Hillberg 
Arthur Hammerquist 
Alice Hillberg 
Mrs. Minnie Hillberg 
Mrs. Emma Hillberg 
Anna Johnson 
Mrs. Edith Johnson 
Evelyn Johnson 
Waldberg Johnson 
Mrs. Annie Johnson 
Harry Johnson 
Roy Johnson 
Thea Johnson 
Jennie Kinberg 
Mildred Lindblom 
Nannie Lagerstrand 



Mrs. Florence Lindskog 
Mrs. Minnie Lofgren 
Mrs. J. Lundin 
Ella Moberg 
Mrs. Selma Moberg 
Ida Nelson 
Neale R. Nelson 
Otto Nelson 
Roy Nelson 
Mrs. S. Olson 
Mathilda Ostlund 
Ella Paulson 
Dora Patterson 
Mrs. Lillie Petterson 
Ranghild Poison 
Mrs. Ella Ryder 
Mrs. Jennie Steele 
Ethel Steele 
Robert Tillgren 
Mrs. Eva Werner 
Mrs. Eba Wingren 

EPISODE III — SCENE 4 
Rechristening the Town 
In charge of the Walk -Over Club 
Episode Leader : Philip Cot6 
Song Leader : E. W. Stedman 

B. O. Caldwell: 

Kenneth D. Hamilton 

C. C. Bixby, Master of 

Ceremonies : James P. Keith 
R. H. Kimball, Proposer of 

Toast : Ernest W. Stedman 
II. W. Robinson, Merchant : 

F. A. Winship 
A. T. Jones, Editor : 

Charles F. Winsor 
Charles R. Ford, Selectman : 

G. Edgar Russell 
Isaac Kingman : William J. Loheed 
Welcome H. Wales, Selectman : 

Elijah Keith 
Townspeople 
Fred Aakre 
Alfred Albanese 

E. Albenault 
Edward Alger 
Charles Allen 
Agnes Anderson 
Charles Anderson 
Herman Anderson 
Milton Anderson 
Victor Anderson 
Axel Asker 
Clinton Atwood 
Lilly Backlund 
Vera Backlund 

F. Baker 

J. W. Behn 
Otto Benson 
Henry Borden 
L. Brenner 
Frank Broudeun 
Earl Brown 
John Brown 
Thomas Brown 
H. Bruce 
James Burke 
John Butten 
Henri Castunguay 
W. Campbell 

169 



Pearl Cary 
S. Castaia 
W. Cerce 
J. Chandler 
Jesse Chapman 
C. I), ("hasp 
F. Cirell 
M. Cleary 
W. Cleary 
Alton Cook 
Esther Cotter 
J. Creedon 
Euclid Croce 
Bridget Daley 
R. Dalton 
Elizabeth Desmond 
George Dixon 
Charles Driscoll 
Mike Duggan 
Robert Edgren 
Mary Emily 
A. Ford 

Charles Fornasch 
H. T. Gaffney 
J. Garman 
W. B. Gerrick 
Louise Guertin 
John Gb-nn 
Sylvia Goodwin 
Irma Goss 
Herman Gray 
Charles Grippen 
Edward Halliuan 
Roy Harrington 

F. Hatek 

W. Hathaway 
Walter Healey 
Pat Heily 
Fred Hieks 
C. Ilogan 
A. Holmlierg 
Waif red Holmes 
William Holmes 

G. M. Howard 
C. Hultman 
Albert Joan 
Ethel Johnson 
J oh n Johnson 
Stephen Johnson 
Charles Jones 
Emily Jordan 

E. M. Kenna 
T. Kepalos 
Charles Kizirian 
H. E. Knowles 
W. P. Lagerstedt 
E. Lallevan 
C. Lawsey 
Joseph Lawson 
S. Lawson 
Mary Lewis 
Tracy Lewis 
Pat Lyons 
John Levangie 
Charles MaeDonald 
C. McCaffrey 
Georgie McDonald 
Mary MaeDonald 
J. H. Manchester 
James Martin 



Charles Marvill 
O. Matteson 
E. Melberg 
Henry Messich 
Anton Miller 
A. L. Moors 
Frank Mo ran 
Nora Morris 
Walter Morse 
James Moynihan 
August Nelson 
Walter Newberg 
Bessie Newman 
Nellie Nelson 
< '. Ness 
Joe Nilson 

E. A. Nokes 
Gus Nordling 
Mary Nunes 
C. Osborne 

F. Paussia 
Charles Pierce 
C. Peterson 
Mary Powers 
Robert D. Parker 
Patsy Pantano 
Guvard Peterson 
Walter Peterson 
Ralph Philbrick 
P. Precopli 
Charles Regnell 
Ada Riley 

P. R. Roach 
Dennis Ryan 
James Rvan 

G. Russell 
Fred Romaine 
John Salander 
G. A. Sastin 
H. L. Scribner 
J. Sereke 

G. W. Smith 
W. A. Smith 
Thomas Smith 
G. Sundeen 
E, Swanson 
George Stetson 
John Shields 
Lawrence Steele 
William Sheehy 
Thora Sundholm 
William Tighe 
John Therrien 
c. Therrien 
V. Therrien 
W. Tillson 
J. Totman 
S. W. Turner 
Elsie Warren 
E. B. Winslow 
J. Warthewutz 
C. Weirn 
Thomas Waite 
B. White 
Ada Williams 
Margaret Williams 
Nellie Williams 
E. Willis 
Ralph Willis 



170 



EPISODE IV — SCENE 1 
Our Poet, Bryant 
In charge of the Bryant Memorial 
Association 
Episode Leader : Susan M. Doane 
Wm. Cullen Bryant : John P. Scully 
Fame : Lucille Bouldry 
Poetry : Phyllis Panning 
Yellow Violet : Mildred Packard 
Fringed Gentian : Gladys Roach 
Love : James William Tonis 
Folly : Richard Tonis 

EPISODE IV— SCENE 2 
First Brockton Fair 
In Charge of the Twentieth Century 
Catholic Club 
Episode Leader : Abigail Kinney 
Madeline Barry 
Delia Beautietti 
Margaret Boyle 
Loretta Burke 
Florence Carroll 
Rhea Chenevert 
Mrs. J. B. Conley 
Celia Conley 
Helen Conley 
Mary Conley 
Anna Crahan 
Anna Coane 
Helen Crognove 
Eugenic PeJardins 
Agnes Dowd 
Mary Frohan 
Pauline Dupre 
Annie Durant 
Mary Dwyer 
Madeline Farren 
Eva Finkelstein 
Mrs. Phillip Finn 
Alice Fitzpa trick 
Susie Fitzpatrick 
Grace Flood 
Margaret Gallagher 
Eloise Hammond 
Eleanor Holmes 
Marcea Joseph 
Ann Kendrigan 
Mae Kindrigan 
Madeline Kennedy 
Mildred Kennedy 
Florence Kenney 
Annie King 
Abigail Kinney 
Viola Langelier 
Dephin Lecouteau 
Helen Long 
Margaret Long 
Mrs. Thomas Maguire 
Edna Mooney 
Eleanor Mooney 
Margaret Monks 
Margaret O'Reilly 
Rose Pauze 
Mary Papineau 
Gertrude Regan 
Nellie Roan 
Katherine Rolland 
Margaret Rolland 
Abbie Russell 
Lillian Russell 



Mrs. Andrew Samuelson 
Edith Saxton 
Gladys Saxton 
Bernaditti Seney 
Anna Servello 
Katherine Sexton 
Eileen Shee^an 
Blanche Smith 
Mrs. John W. Sullivan 

Children 
Pearl Agnokis 
Grace Buckley 
Mildred Buckley 
Catherine Beagin 
Jean Beagin 
Margaret Bullock- 
Bruce Campbell 
Joseph Foley 
Anna Gorman 
Louise Holmes 
Minerva Joseph 
Dorothy Randall 
Grace Rudden 
Annastie Wolens 

Knights of Columbus 
George Brady 
Lennon Brusseau 
John Clark 
Paul Conoteau 
John Creed 
Maurice Dalton 
Harold Favley 
John Favley 
John Feeley 
Russell Fox 
Henry Gaudette 
Francis <^ill 
Murray Hanley 
Arthur Hendrick 
James Kedian 
Lee Kedian 
James Lamon 
Frank Laverty 
George Mather 
John McCarthy 
Benjamin McCaul 
James Mooney 
Fred Mullins 
Edward O'Brien 
William O'Connell 
John Reagon 
Arthur Sullivan 
William Sullivan 
Ellis Sharkey 

Hancock Company 
Charles Albough 
Albert Alden 
Edward Alden 
C. W. Alger 
Everett Alger 
F. E. Alden 
Harold Allen 
Harry Allen 
Lewis Andrews 
Walter A. Applclon 
Fels Arnold 
Elisha Badger 
Allison 15a Id win 
Harry C. Barnes 
Albert Barrett 
W. R. Bartlett 



171 



Robert Baxter 

Clans Benson 

Arthur Bowen 

John J. Bowen 

Fred Bridgewood 

Irving Briggs 

John Breunan 

David Brown 

Frederick Brown 

Guy Brown 

R. E. Brown 

William Brown 

George Bronthers 

Samuel Bud 

Harold Burbank 

Percy Burrell 

Herman Byrne 

L. C. Cadorath 

Arthur Campey 

Morton Capen 

Fred Cardinal 

Barden Carlson 

John Carlson 

Kenneth Carr 

A. A. Caswell 

A. H. Caswell 

H. L. Cavanaugh 

J. B. Centi 

H. L. Churchill 

Fred A. Clapp 

Harold Cobb 

Leroy Cobb 

Lowell Cdli'o 

Harold Cole 

Francis Coleman 

Edward Condon 

Eugene Connolly 

Charles Cooper 

M. S. Corayer 

James Corbett 

F. W. Corkum 

Leo Corkum 

Enoch Corson 

Harold Crocker 

M. F. Daley 

Eugene Doten 

Antoine DeCosta 

Alphonse Deslongchamp 

Albert Dimond 

A. L. Doten, Jr. 

Francis I!. Doten 

Felix Durand 

P. F. Durand 

Harry Edwards 

L. W. Faxon 

Paul E. Field 

Henry P.. Fish 

Irving Fisher 

Ernest Folger 

Daniel Ford 

Lewis Foye 

W. L. Foye 

Clarence Friend 

Francis Goodrich 

Ralph Goodwin 

Joseph Gorman 

Howard Gott 

Peter Goulet 

Charles S. Grant 

Walter Gray 

Joseph Green 



Francis A. Hall 
Francis H. Hall 
Harry Hill 
II. W. Hall 
Irving Hall 
John L. Hansen 
George Harrison 
Preston Hartwell 
Lowell Hartwell 
Thomas Hartwell 
Alfred Haughton 
Arthur Heath 
Charles J. Helander 
Harry Howard 
Albert W. Howe 
Francis D. Howe 
Manuel Iotte 
Phillip Iotte 
Aimer Jackson 
Emil Jackson 
Arthur Jenkins 
Russell Jenkins 
Thomas Johnson 
Walter Johnson 
Harry Jones 
Harry Junior 
Justin Keith 
Roy Kellerman 
George Kelley 
M. A. Kingman 
Orris Kinney 
George C. Knowles 
Nazaery Lemoine 
Louis Lenard 
A. II. Leonard 
Kenneth Leonard 
Vestor Leonard 
Josephus Letoureau 
John P. Lewis 
Leon Lewis 
Charles Lincoln 
George Lincoln 
Everett Linehan 
James Linehan 
John Livingston 
William Looney 
Harold Lothup 
Andrew Louzan 
Eugene Madan 

E. A. Mansfield 
William Marshall 
Edward McCarthy 
George McCauley 
W. D. McKay 
Harry Menzie 
Ingar Michalson 
William Miller 
Clarence Moore 
George Moore 
Walter Moore 
Lester Morey 
George Morse 
Robert Murray 
David Nason 
Ralph Nason 
Walter Nason 

F. L. Nickerson 
W. J. Overing 
A. L. Packard 
C. H. Packard 
Edwin Packard 

172 



Fred Packard 

Kenneth Packard 
Lester Packard 
P. H. Packard 
John D. Palin 
W. J. Phillips 
L. A. Porter 
Tony Postelli 
W. P. Prout 
Lawrence Rankin 
W. J. Rankin 
Tester Raymond 
Frank Reed 
L. E. Reynolds 
O. S. Reynolds 
Perley Reynolds 
Arthur Rhue 
Frank II. Rhue 
Arthur Robinson 

D. E. Robinson 
Neal Robinson 
John Rogers 
Frank Rolfe 
H. S. Rollins 
S. B. Sarty 
William Savage 
J. B. Schofield 
Ralph Senter 
Arthur Shaw 
George Silvia 
Cecil Simpson 
H. C. Simpson 
Russell Simpson 
Stanley Simpson 
Edward Smith 
Richard Smith 
Robert Smith 
Fred Snell 
Edwin Snow 

H. H. A. Snow 
H. M. Snow 
Ira N. Snow 
Herbert Spaulding 

A. Deane Stebbins 

B. Stewart 

E. R. Stewart 
Stephen Stone 
Andrew Sturson 
James W. Sweany 
Roy L. Terrill 
Jerry Thomas 
Charles Thompson 
II. R. Tibbetts 

E. E. Tilton 
James Totman 
Fred B. Tower 
Edward Twomev 
Leon Wade 
James Wagner 
Paul Wagner 
H. J. Walker 
B. S. Walsh 
Harry White 
J. B. White 
William White 
George Whiting 
Bernard Wilber 
D. 10. Wilber 
Robert Williams 
Charles Willis 
Everett Willis 



H. Elliott Willis 
J. Sumner Willis 
Stewart Willis 
Harold Willison 
Hubbard Willison 
W. S. Willison 
Charles A. Wilson 
Edward Winberg 
George S. Wood 
Allen Woodward 

EPISODE IV — SCENE 3 
Arrival of the City 
In charge of Woman's Club 
Episode Leader : Mrs. R. G. Swain 
Four Heralds : Richard Allen. 
Harold Ellis. George Franklin 
Jacobs, Charles Fuller. Jr. 
Bearer of City Charter : 

Mrs. H. B. Caswell 
Industry: Mrs. II. C. Nichols 
The City : Mrs. Roger Keith 
Education: Mrs. Carlton Leach 
Justice: Mrs. W. J. R. Marks 
Thrift : Mrs. A. I. Rogers 
Charity : Mrs. C. F. Batchelder 
Prosperity : Mrs. Emory C. Wixon 
Bearers of City Seal : Mrs. Raymond 

Drake. Mrs. Warren Packard 
Faith : Mrs. W. E. Shaw 
Tolerance : Mrs. William Welles 
Peace : Mrs. Justin Keith 
Perseverance : Mrs. Henry Perkins 
Truth : Mrs. F. W. Wormelle 
Temperance : Mrs. Harris Fleming 
Procession of Arts 
In charge of Opportunity Circle 
Mrs. Otis Brown : Leader 
Music : Golda Weimert 
Painting: Mildred Weimert 
Drama : Alice Abercrombie 
Sculpture : Mildred Abercrombie 
Song : Bertha Porter 
Elocution : Mildred Niles 
Dancing: Frances Flynn 
Engraving : Daisy Miller 
Photography : Grace Burbank 
Poetry : Ethie Stone 
Embroidery : Ethel Witherell 
Architecture : Helen Rollins 

EPISODE IV — SCENE 4 
Arbitration and Industrial Peace* 
In charge of Joint Shoe Council 
Spirit of Electricity, Alice Thibeault 
FINALE 
Yankee Division Club 
Harold Bennett 
James Cavanaugh 
Edward D. Cleveland 
Percy Covert 
Forrest Cousins 
Arthur Fortier 
William L. Hallet, Secretary 
James W. Kedian 
Herbert Meurling 
Stephen Parker 
Earl Soule 

Robert Stephenson. President 
* Omitted in Production. 

173 



Alexander Stone 
Ernest Torrey 
Maurice Thompson 

Maj. James A. Frye Camp No. 20, 
United Spanish War Veterans 
Carl O. Winblad : Commander 
Walter N. Clisbee 
John Doramus 
Louis M. Foye 
John N. Fletcher 
Harry Gibbs 
Henry Gorman 
Harry M. Loud 
James A. Mandevilie 
J. E. Sullivan 

Sabrina A. Frye Auxiliary No. 
United Spanish War Veterans 
Lillian Billington 
Florence Chamberlain 
Florence Doramus 
Maude Foye 
Etta Gibbs 
Marion Holmes 
Grace Keith 
Stella G. Morse 
Ellen Nillson 
Eunice Snow 

NATIONAL GROUPS 
Elizabeth Culver : Leader 
Albanian 
Group of Albanians 

Armenian 
J. Danelian 
Mrs. J. Danelian 
Leo Kovoolsian 
Hosanna Maligian 
Mrs. Hosanna Taslijian 
Mrs. Toeckmajian 
Mr. Toeckmajian 
Esther Tutalian 

French 
Mrs. A. J. Allaire 
A. J. Allaire 
Pauline Dupre 
Louis Dupuis 
Ovid Fortier 
Ilan Gaudette 
Mrs. J. S. Phaneuf 
J. S. Phaneuf 
Mrs. Joseph Tongas 
Joseph Tougas 

Greek 
Greek Orthodox Community 

Italian 
Christina Altieri 
Maria Pelaggi 
Concetta Russo 
Lena Uto 
Men from Italian Dramatic Club 

Lithuanian 
John Blazevicius 
John Dehsas 
Izabele Dukstaite 
Marijona Jermalavicuite 
Florencia Kvavecuite 
Bronius Lukas 
Peter Norbutas 
George Samson 
Roze Svetkaite 
Albina Visciniute 



Syrian 
Mrs. Joseph Asack 
Joseph Asack 
Richard Asacher 
Dahar Esau 
Joseph N. Harb 
Mrs. Peter Hashin 
Peter Hashin 
Joseph Mareb 
Abdo Saba 
Polus Saba 

Danish, Norwegian, Swedish 
Dora Aakre 
Fred Aakre 
Ida Aakre 
24, Carol Anderson 
Gena Anderson 
Ida Anderson 
Henry Berg 
Edward Blumgren 
Carol Broberg 
Lena Dalteist 
Leonard Ellison 
Christen Holt 
Bertha Johnson 
Margaret Linde 
Hattie Lund 
Hilda Michelson 
Ingar Michelson 
Anna Ness 
John A. Neff 
Marie Olson 
Ellen Osward 
Phillip Pearson 
Alice Swanson 
Alma Thornberg 
Helen Willen 

Polish 
Joseph Klimowicz 
Mieczyslaw Klimowicz 
Sophia Kozak 
Victoria Schmit 
Emil Shakycz 
Helena Zablocka 
Wladvslaw Zablocki 
Alexander Zablocki 
Leokadia Wolens 
Stanislawa Wysocka 

FRATERNAL ORGANIZATIONS 
Cascade Lodge, I. O. of O. L. 
Daniel W. Craft: Leader 
Gertrude Blair 
Josephine Butler 
Eva Emery 
Marjorie Faunce 
Ethel Leonard 
Ethel Littlefleld 
Carrie Manning 
Nellie Nelson 
Ida Richardson 
Lillian Thomas 

I. (). O. F. M. U. 
II. E. Allen 
Charles Anderson 
A. L. Benson 
P. S. MacLean 
J. MacMorrow 
T. H. Pvne 
A. F. Rhue 
A. Sweinimer 



174 



M. Sweinimer 
C. II. Underdown 

I. O. O. L. M. U. 
Harriet Dean 
Ella Hancock 
Myrtle Oddie 
Louise Peck 
Nettie Reynolds 
Bertha Sperry 
Margaret Stevenson 
Ella Veaney 
Elizabeth Whitman 
Mildred L. Woodward 

Knights of Sherwood Forest 
Martin J. Burke 
Roderick Donnell 
Daniel J. Frawley 
William Hinds 
Frank J. Kelliher 
William II. Moriarty 
Paul M. Perrior 
James P. Sullivan 
Louis Varney 
Joseph Ward 

La Societe des Artisans Canadiens 
Francais 
Pierre Dedard 
Edward Belineau 
Camille Coutier 
Gelas Deslanriers 
Arthur Desormier 
Evangeliste Lacouture 
Louis Leveque 
Alfred Oullette 
Charles Poitras 
Frank X. Trinque 

L'Union St. Jean Baptiste of 
America 

Conseil 15 
Benjamin Allaire 
Zenon Benoit 
Dolor Cormier 
Joseph Gelinas 
Ami'die Labelle 

Conseil 27S 
Mrs. Clairmont 
Rose Mamel 
Angie Nouillette 
Cora Vacher 
Corinne Vigneron 

Clan MacDonald No. 7."., O. S. C. 
John Ballum 
George Bricknell 
Peter Brousseau 
R. W. Brown 
Andrew Deuchar 
Samuel Duff 
Edward Dwyer 
J. Keay 

Maurice O'Donnell 
Arthur Welch 

Knights of Pythias 
Henry Allen 
Ralph Burrill 
Eric G. Eke 
Harold Elliott 
Leon Cold 
Peter Hagan 
Edward Lawrence 
Dennis Lewis 
Howard Leonard 



Axel Oberg 

Enterprise Lodge No. IS, K. of P. 
•lames Black 
John W. Brown 
Joseph Brown 
Ilillery Gales 
Alexander Hargrove 
Henry McClendon 
Thomas Reid 
George W. Sadler 
Isaiah Scott 
A. B. Torrence 

Masonic Order 

Donald Alw 1 

Calvin R. Barrett 
Irving L. P.umpus 
Duncan W. Edes 
Henry F. Hobart 
John N. Howard 
Herbert .1. Pratt 
W. Everett Shaw 
George W. Smith 
Robert Smith 

Massapoag Tribe No. Ill, Improved 
Order of Red Men 
Sumner P.. Churchill 
Fred Gruber 
Eddy D. Hitchings 
Oliver Nash 
G. Fred Nelson 
J. A. Sherman 
Edward Simmons 
George Stetson 
Walter P.. Stetson 
Arthur K. Thomas 

Kebekah Lodges 

Ellen Lee Lodge 
Julia Foster 
Olive Howes 
May Kellerman 

Beatrice Lodge 
Mabel Beedam 
Christabel Otis 
Helen Spinney 

Independent Lodge 
Ida Dunn 
Nellie Small 

Peerless Lodge 
Ruby Truesdale 
Grace Willis 

Pythian Sisters 
Dione Temple 
Mrs. A. M. Burnley 
Mrs. Bertha Irving 
Mrs. Vera Nash 
Mrs. Eva I. Ward 

Montello Temple 
Mrs. Hattie Alger 
Mrs. May Allen 
Mrs. Elsie Marine 

J. A. Hill Temple 
Mrs. Marian Madeau 
Mrs. Emma Main 
Mrs. Annie Thompson 

Order of Owls 
II. Cormier 
E. Doherty 
O. Heglan 
G. Keen 
W. Kelley 
W. Madan 



175 



D. McCarthy 
L. Nash 
M. O'Donnell 
W. Reardon 

Massachusetts Catholic Order of 
Foresters 
St. Thomas Court, No. 29 
Owen F. Canary 
Jerry Crowley 
William G. McGlinchy 
Thomas O'Connell 
Thomas Walsh 

Brockton Court No. S2 
Michael E. Milan 
John Spillane 

Fr. McNulty Court No. 17!) 
Dennis Coffey 
John Murphy 

Dr. McQueeney Court No. 215 
Fred F. Whalen 

Ancient Order of Hibernians 
Allie Creedon 
Chris F. Corcoran 
Stephen T. Duggan 
John C. Grady 
Michael Hallinan 
Michael Hyland 
Phillip McCaul 
Charles B. O'Neil 
Darwood Sheehan 
J. Russell Sullivan 

Ladies' Auxiliary, A. O. H. 
Annie Griffin 
Mrs. Margaret Hallisey 
Alice Kelliher 
Marie Kelliher 
Agnes Lee 
Grace McKeever 
Sadie McKeever 
Mary Moynihan 
Nellie O'Brien 
Mrs. Lillian M. Smith 

G. D. O. <>. F. 
W. II. Allen 
George Gabriel 
Andrew Gale 
R. Hargrove 
II. S. Johnson 
Edward Johnson 
James Jones 
J. E. Kersey 
J. E. Manning 
E. J. Manning 
.1. M. Smith 
.1. A. Young 



Lady Somerset Lodge of Daughters 
of St. George 
Elizabeth Bird 
Martha Bird 
Rose Brown 
Mrs. Alice Clapstick 
Mrs. Annie Crawford 
Lillian Decoste 
Mrs. Ada Grant 
Mrs. Gertrude Lambert 
Mrs. Nellie Mann 
Mrs. Emma Rubbra 
Household of Ruth No. 1351 — Grand 
United Order of Odd Fellows 
Mollie J. Bullock 
Bessie Daniels 
Iva Hargrove 
Matilda Howell 
Lillian W. Jackson 
Lelia Kersey 
Lena Manning 
Annie Mitchell 
Cornelia Rawlins 
Mary Turner 

N. E. O. I". 
Mayflower Lodge 
Mrs. Esther L. Jenison 
Newel L. Drake 

Banner Lodge 
Aubrey Stewart 
Mrs. Edith Whiting 

Ponemah Lodge 
John Paul 
Mrs. Lina Paul 

Fidelity Lodge 
Henry Davis 
Mrs. Eva Griggs 

Tucawanda Lodge 
Joseph Trainor 
Mrs. Sadie Unes 

Court General Lawton, F. of A. 
William Batson 
Theophil Chassey 
James Hogan 
John II. Ray 
Fred C. Stone 

Court Crescent. Foresters 
Alfred MacDonald 
Tony Panazzo 
Daniel Grey 
Harry Ellis 
Frank Duncan 



of America 



176 



CENTENNIAL YEAR 

HIGH SCHOOL COMMENCEMENT 

FRIDAY, JUNE 17 



That the annual exercises attending the graduation at the High 
School should fall in this Anniversary Week was a most happy 
circumstance. The City is justly proud of its educational develop- 
ment and the rank which its High School maintains. Through 
the courtesy of Headmaster Merle S. Getchell and the School 
Board, the graduation hour was changed from evening to after- 
noon, to free the former for any possible Pageant postponement. 
The occasion was memorable in every detail. 

C. Harold Porter of the School Board presided and made an 
address from which we quote : 

"America and the world are looking to the schools with the 
hope of finding therein the proper solution of the many problems 
that confront them. If America is to be a strong, united, intelli- 
gent and capable leader of nations and hold the respect of the 
rest of the world she must build her future citizens out of her 
school systems. If we fail with education America will fail 
sooner or later, and who of you would allow that Star Spangled 
Banner to fail in anything that is just and right and for whose 
glory our brave boys fought and fell in the late war in order that 
American principles of justice and right might be spared for 
the world. Support your schools with such loyalty as has never 
been equalled in the past, keep your children in school at least 
until they have completed a High School course and then if you 
can possibly do so, give them the further advantage of a college 
course. Brockton people have always stood loyally by their 
schools in the past and I have no doubt they will in the future." 

The program proceeded with Flag Salute by School and Audi- 
ence. After an Overture by the School Orchestra, prayer was 
offered by The Rev. Peter Froeberg, D.D., of the First Swedish 
Evangelical Lutheran Church. "On to Battle" was sung by the 
graduating class. The Welcome to Parents and Guests was voiced 
by Charles Edward Hennessy, President of the Seniors, who said 
in part : 

177 



"We begin to understand how fortunate we are in completing 
our High School course. We recall the days when our mothers 
and fathers made sacrifices for us — sacrifices that the world will 
never know. If for nothing else than those two recollections, we 
have contracted an unpayable debt. For your far-sightedness and 
your sacrifice we can never repay you, mothers and fathers ; words 
cannot express our gratitude and appreciation. We can only 
strive to be worthy of it." 

Owen R. Lovejoy, Secretary of the National Child Labor 
Commission, New York City, gave the address to the Graduates. 
A brief abstract of his forceful and inspirational speech follows : 

"Inertia is one of the most precious but one of the most dan- 
gerous of our possessions. I would like to suggest two or three 
requisites in the American educational system, which is the least 
practical, for it wastes power, energy, resources and time. Today 
in our country there are two million little children working who 
should be in school. America, with its wealth and resources, does 
not need to harness little children. Education should be for 
every one. Thousands of men and women without a chance in 
life are appealing to us for a square deal. In the army camps 
during the world war, five and a half-million men were illiterate ; 
of these, four millions were what we are pleased to call real 
Americans. Some of the programmes for Americanization are 
all at fault. Education is reciprocal. The new Americans who 
come to our shores have something to give as well as we. We 
must work out things together." 

Mr. Lovejoy referred to the Centennial observance and said 
all the graduates should be here 100 years hence, for there seems 
to be no use in keeping to the tradition of less than 100 years for 
a life. Better a lifetime of 150 or 200 years, he said. He paid 
a tribute to the practical education of Brockton's record in agri- 
culture. He said that he never thought of this City in connection 
with raising potatoes but rather with the manufacture of shoes, 
but when he considered the matter it looked to be reasonable that 
all could not be engaged in the manufactures. 

The Graduating Class sang "To Thee, O Country," and Chair- 
man Porter introduced His Honor the Mayor, Roger Keith. 
Before presenting the diplomas, Mayor Keith said : 

"Today you graduate. It was very thoughtful of our ancestors 

179 



and predecessors to found this community at such a time that the 
celebration of its 100th anniversary should tall in your com- 
mencement week. The co-operation of your class and the school 
authorities in arranging your graduating events in such a manner 
that they fit in with other Centennial affairs, is indicative of the 
spirit of Brockton people, and shows a willingness to aid in all 
events that tend towards the development of civic spirit. 

"You are receiving these diplomas which represent a certain 
standing in certain studies, but they also represent an intangible 
quality. They stand for lessons which you cannot have failed to 
have learned, if this High School is conducted properly, as we 
all believe it is. From contact with your fellow students, you 
have learned to meet people under all conditions, to meet on the 
same level your neighbors. As you go to your higher education 
or out to your everyday work, you will find this ability to main- 
tain your equilibrium under all conditions, a big asset. 

"One of the chief things in our life is to be prepared to do our 
every duty well. Your High School course should enable you 
to make the utmost of the abilities that you have, and if we do 
our every duty as it comes to us according to our ability, strong 
in the confidence that we are right, we do not need to worry over 
the future. A firm step and sure information which you should 
have gathered here, will attend to that. 

"This diploma marks an accomplishment in your life, but not 
a stopping place. As soon as one act is complete, you must start 
on some new work, idea, or phase, in order to have continued 
happiness. 

"Your High School education has taught you the value of time, 
and the fact that we control our own actions in that time, and 
that it is up to us to accomplish the desired results. The minutes 
are ours to use." 

Diplomas were then presented to the following: 

Marion Leslie Alden, Priscilla Howard Alden, Irma Adelaide 
Augustine, Delphine Barron Avery, Doris Evelyn Beal, Charlotte 
May Berger, Barbara Bergstrom, Elizabeth Blumberg, Kathryn 
Marguerite Brown, Anna Calnan Burke, Bernice Bradshaw 
Campbell, Alice Frances Mary Carroll, Grace MacGregor Carson, 
Esther Alice Chamberlain, Rhoda Ruth Cohen, Stella May Cooper, 
Yerna Ethelyn Cox, Margaret Mary Creedon, Emma Croke. 

180 





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Grace Ellen Daniels, Mildred Phipps Ellis, Merideth Churchill 
Farnum, Clara Louise Farren, Jessie Banks Jeanette Ferguson, 
Dorothea Agnes Flood, Edith Ingeborg Forsberg, Ruth Elizabeth 
Freeman, Arlene Linnea Froeberg, Arlene Gardner, Gladys 
Myrtle Gardner, Helen Regina Gilmore, Esther Rita Gizzarelli, 
Frances Grady, Teresa Nora Grady, Hannah Green, Helen 
Gertrude Greenwood, Kathleen Gibbs Gunderson, Dorothy 
Gurney, Helen Kasmier Hanson, Florence Edith Heacock, Grace 
Frances Hodgson, Esther Pauline Holmes, Edna Marie Johnson, 
Florence Evelyn Johnson, Hazel Gudrun Johnson, Ruth Dagmar 
Johnson, Mary Angela Kane, Margaret Denise Kelleher, Edith 
Howes Kelley, Mary Kess, Margaret Marcellina King, jConstance 
Kingman, Bernice Louise Knowles, Marie Louise LaMontague, 
Amy Gertrude Lawson, Lillie Elizabeth Lawson, Anna Catherine 
Lind, Ellen Rose Linehan. 

Alice Leah MacDonald, Sadie Winifred MacDougall, Mary 
Regina Mackedon, Doris Mildred Mackie, Ellen Frances Martin, 
Grace Doris Martin, Ruth Luella Matson, Blanche Irene Maver, 
Alice Mae McCarthy, Helen Josephine McCarthy, Alice Virginia 
McCormick, Norine Gertrude McKenney. Camille Agnes Mitchell, 
Louise Gertrude Mongeau, Florence Louise Monks, Blanche 
Pauline Moreau, Margaret Gertrude Mullen, Katherine Louise 
Murphy. 

Ruby Marion Nelson, Mary Catherine Noone, Miriam Norris, 
Grace Edith Noyes, Celia Agnes Nugent, Alice Marie Oddie. 
Lola Shepard Packard, Florence Katherine Papineau, Hilda 
Cornell Percy, Amity Ruth Perkins, Katherine Perkins, Bessie 
Reiser, Alleine Marion Ricard, Stella Beatrice Rollins, Anna 
Virginia Rosequist, Theodora Gladys Royster, Minnie Rusacow. 

Alice Frost Shaw, Viola Gretchen Shaw, Gladys Goldie Small, 
Evelyn Stone, Ina Sara Stone, Mary Margaret Taylor, Constance 
Rebecca Travis, Doris Adeline Tripp, Laurene Mildred Turner, 
Louise Ellington Turner, Marguerite Emma Varnum, Madge 
Wainwright, Rose Alice Whelan, Eleanor Agnes Wilson, Elsa 
Anna Wollin, Alice Fyrn Woods, Ella Louise Young, Martha 
Ingeborg Younggren. 

Tony Ralph Alexander, Frederick Emmel Allen, Alvar 

182 



Emanuel Aronson, Charles Weldon Bean, Frank Gerald Bendell, 
William Joseph Bulman, Ernest Nelson Chamberlain, Lloyd 
Francis Churchill, John Shaw Coolidge, George William Edward 
Coots, Ion Henri De Arcost Cornwell, Herbert Timothy Creedon, 
George Frederick Dennehy, Edward Joseph Derosier, George 
Francis Donovan, Lewis Robert Dretler, Eugene Wynford 
Dunbar, Howard Hunter Dunbar. 

John Francis Ford, Franklin Leroy Foster, Clark Kimball 
French, Otto Froehlich, Howard Merton Gardner, Lewis Glazer, 
Charles Carl Golding, Sebastian Abraham Goldstein, Joseph Gale 
Gurney, Chesley Frank Hammond, Chester Elmer Harris, Charles 
Edward Hennessy, Ralph Edward Higgins, Herbert Turney Hill, 
David Stanley Holmes, John Patrick Horrigan, Daniel Alexander 
Huntley, Vincent Carl Hylen. 

Paul Lincoln Jones, Earl Laurier Kempton, Melvin Mason 
King, Albert Liguori La Chapelle, Stanley Clark Lane, Antonio 
Astuto Lauria, Evald Benjamin Lawson, Kenneth Winslow 
MacGregory, Edward Joseph Mahoney, David Palmer Matthews, 
John Joseph McGee, Ralph Francis McGlone, Isaac George 
Miller, Lewis Miller, Arthur Malachi Moynihan, Emory Raymond 
Neal, George John Nelson, John Jeffrey O'Brien, Charles Frank 
Oliver, Jr., Arthur Neal Parmenter, Paul Francis Perrier, 
W r illiam Martland Perry, Anthony Edward Peters. 

Isadore Rafkin, Louis Creed Roland, Allie Rosen, John Peter 
Sakas, Guy Lawrence Scanlan, John Joseph Sheehan, Murray 
Shultz, Bernard Francis Smith, Chester Merle Spear, George 
Edward Tanner, Harry Tenser, Raymond Woodruff Turner, 
Balfour Stirling Tyndall, Joseph John Van Riper, Hubert Gordon 
Wall, James Francis Welch, Ernest Houghton White, Arthur 
Joseph Wilde, Frederick Allen Wilde, William Roland Winsor, 
Leroy Reynolds Woodard. 

Three-year course : Sarah Theresa Connelly, Rose Feldman, 
Rena Ferranti, Esther Foster, Ida Louise Hall, Alice Ingaborg 
Hammerquist, Elsa Clara Magdalene Lindberg, Lillian Claire 
Madden, Sarah Poole McColligan, Ruth Elizabeth McGee, Mary 
Agnes McSweeney, Agnes Cecelia Reardon, Ethel Veronica 
Reardon, Mildred Louise Tillman, Etta Zelinsky, John Robert 

183 



Dunn. William Leavitt, Joseph Alexis Minini, Helge Skotfrid 
Persson, Harold Carl Sunstrom, Louise Martha Fickett. 

The honor pupils : Priscilla Howard Alden, Doris Evelyn 
Beal, Jessie Banks. Jeanette Ferguson, Esther Rita Gizzarelli, 
Hannah Green, Ida Louise Hall. Ruth Dagmar Johnson. Mary 
Angela Kane, Margaret Denise Kelleher. Margaret Marcellina 
King. Amy Gertrude Lawson, Elsa Clara Magdalene Lindberg, 
Ellen Rose Linehan. Mary Regina Mackedon, Margaret Gertrude 
Mullen, Alice Marie Oddie, Florence Katherine Papineau. 

Katherine Perkins. Agnes Cecelia Reardon, Alleine Marion 
Recird, Gladys Goldie Small, Constance Rebecca Travis, Madge 
\\ ainwright. Rose Alice Whelan, Eleanor Agnes Wilson, George 
Francis Donovan. Franklin Leroy Foster, Melvin Mason King, 
Antonio Astuto Lauria. Kenneth Winslow MacGregory, Arthur 
Joseph Wilde, Frederick Allen Wilde. 

The Class Colors were Lavendar and White ; the Motto, "On 
to Success." 

At the close of the exercises the class joined in singing the ode 
written by Miss Lawrence Mildred Turner and set to music by 
Miss Miriam Norris. The benediction was pronounced by Mr. 
Froeberg, and the orchestra played a recessional. 

SCHOLARSHIP AWARDS 

A notable feature of the Class Day (Wednesday) Exercises 
was the award of Scholarships. In this particular, the School has 
a wide reputation. Since the organization of the Fund which 
perpetuates the name of Sarah Jane Pettee, long a superior teacher 
in the School, the list of Scholarships has been increased to 
twelve, with an annual income of upwards of $1,500. The awards 
for this Centennial Year were : 

James Edgar. $150. to Evald Lawson. 

Joseph Hewett, $150 each, to Stanley C. Lane and Melvin 
King. 

Brockton Agricultural Society. 1919, $100, and 1920, $100, to 
Charles F. Oliver, Jr. 

Sarah Jane Pettee, $100, to F. Leroy Foster. 

184 



Kenneth Bradford Laird, $100, to George Leroy Stone. 
Edward Parker, $100, to Miss Bernice Knowles. 
Brockton College Club, $100, to Miss Alice M. Oddie. 
Brockton University Club, $100, to Antonio A. Lauria. 
Twentieth Century Catholic Club, $100, to Rose Alice Whelan. 
Twentieth Century Catholic Club, $100, to George Donovan. 
Launfoai Alumni, $100, to Antonio A. Lauria. 
B'nai B'rith, $100, to Hannah Green. 



THE STREET CARNIVAL 

While not a part of the original official program, the Carnival 
Friday evening, under the direction of the local Post of the 
American Legion, A. Leroy Latham, Commander, will be recalled 
as a picturesque and novel addition to a remarkable week. Main 
Street from Centre to Crescent was a boulevard for pedestrians 
only. The carnival spirit was unmarred by any disorder as the 
merry-makers danced, showered confetti, sang or listened to the 
music of bands or soloists. Windows everywhere along the way 
were filled with spectators. 

The Committee, at the head of which was City Clerk J. Albert 
Sullivan, had secured the services of the American Legion band 
of 25 pieces, led by John C. Burke and stationed at Cook and 
Tyndall's store, and Martland's, with Mace Gay, conductor, in 
the balcony at the James Edgar Company. Their programs 
varied with the mood of the crowds though each group furnished 
opening numbers that were highly appreciated. 

A perfect evening as June can offer, a spirit in keeping with 
the Centennial, the lighting effects of the new White Way, con- 
spicuous Carnival costumes and Anniversary decorations, com- 
bined to secure effects both memorable and joyous. 

185 



OUT-OF-DOOR SPORTS PROGRAM— SATURDAY, 
JUNE 18 

The Committee on Out-of-Door Sports, under the direction of 
Harold C. Keith, made early and ample preparation for this 
successful Centennial feature. Frequent meetings of entry lead- 
ers, and a dinner at the Commercial Club for group directors — - 
were parts of careful planning. Awards of watches, cups, medals 
were exhibited in the jowelry shops and interest otherwise 
stimulated through the press and widely circulated announcements. 
There were over 200 entries and throughout the City individuals 
and organizations co-operated to make Saturday the 18th a mem- 
orable atheltic occasion. It proved to be the most complete pro- 
gram of sporting events ever staged here in one day. 

Large crowds witnessed the games! and trials of strength in 
sixteen sections of Brockton. The Committees organized and 
functioning were : Mr. Keith, Chairman ; Sidney A. Davidson, 
Secretary ; Daniel W. Packard, Horace A. Keith, A. J. Freedman, 
Raymond J. Richards and Joseph F. Reilly. The group chair- 
men were : Track, E. Marion Roberts ; tennis, Walter A. For- 
bush; swimming, Ralph W. Fish; golf, L. Damon Howard; box- 
ing, Fred Eldridge ; cricket and bowling on the green, John 
Tower ; baseball, Arthur E. Staff ; tug-of-war, James V. Gridley ; 
muster, Charles C. Rogers ; prizes, H. Loring Smith, H. E. Hew- 
ett and Sanford K. Gurney. 

The Entry Lists and the Winners 

On Walk-Over Field. 

High School 100-yard dash: Wallace H. Terry, Arthur Ker- 
sey, David Goldberg, Raymond Turner, Fred Irving, Chester E. 
Harris, Kennth MacGregory, Lester LaPorte, Chris Clifford, Jr. 
(Lincoln School), Carleton Valentine, John McGee, Leo Healy, 
Roman Kaminski, Edw. Grovannulli, Geo. Watt, Clarence E. 
Cahoon ; won by Raymond Turner. 

Brockton High high jump : Wallace Terry, David Goldberg, 
Harold Warren, Raymond Turner, Fred Irving, Lester LaPorte, 

186 




HAROLD C. KEITH 
Chairman Sports Committee, Member of Executive Committee 





W cm 



Morris Straffin (grammar), Molyneaux Mathews, Clarence Ca- 
hoon ; won by Molyneaux Matthews, 5 ft., 2 l / 2 in. ; Harold War- 
ren, second. 

Senior 100-yard dash: Louis Luti, Joshua Morrison, Nomas 
Reed, Harold Warren, Arthur F. Wilson, P. M. Moncewicz, 
John E. Welch, Richard H. Lewis, Leonard Forknall, Rudolph 
Bryan, Ralph E. Reed, Leroy B. Perkins, James L. Todd ; won by 
Peter M. Moncewicz, graduate of Annapolis. 

Senior high jump: Louis Luti, John E. Welch, Richard H. 
Lewis, Nomas T. Reed, E. W. Bowen, Jas. L. Todd, Rudolph F. 
Byron, Erroll Grasse, Harold Warren; won by Richard H. 
Lewis, 5ft., 4 in. 

Senior 880 yards : Louis Luti, Gaston Luti, Carl E. Varney, 
Watslo A. Vinks, Nomas Reed, P. M. Moncewicz, Arthur F. 
Wilson, Paul Goforth, Leroy B. Perkins, Edw. Mullins, R. B. 
Eldredge, Joseph Spadea, Joseph Young, Francis A. Burnes ; 
won by Peter M. Moncewicz. 

Aquatic Sports. 

Junior swimming, 40 yards, at Y. M. C. A., 15 years and under : 
Alvah Heve, Theodore Dean, Lawrence Rinaldo, Thomas Sulli- 
van, Leon Parkinson, Chester Gonier, Raymond Curley, Harold 
Winner, Julian E. Mossman, Russell A. Baker, Jack Pillsbury ; 
won by Leon Parkinson ; Alvah Howe, second. 

Junior swimming, 60 yards, 15 years and under: Alvah Heve, 
Theodore R. Dean, Lawrence Rinaldo, Thomas Sullivan, Leon 
Parkinson, Chester Gonier, Raymond Curley, Harold Winner. 
Julian E. Mossman ; won by Julian E. Mossman ; Alvah Heve, 
second. 

Junior diving, 15 years and under, at Y. M. C. A.: Theodore 
R. Dean, L. Wendell Estey, Thomas Sullvian, Leon Parkinson, 
B. Deokinian, Chester Gonier, Raymond Curley, Harold Winner. 
Tony Cerci ; won by Leon Parkinson ; Wendell Estes, second. 

Senior 60-yard swim: Rexford Dean, L. H. Ellershaw, Arthur 
E. Keay, Herbert Hill, Samuel Hymoff, Anthony Muto, J. E 
Mack ; won by Arthur E. Keay ; Rexford Dean, second. 

Senior 100-yard swim : L. H. Ellershaw, Arthur E. Keay, 
Herbert Hill, Samuel Hymoff, Anthony Muto, J. E. Mack; won 
by Arthur E. Keay; L. H. Ellershaw, second. 

189 



Senior swimming, diving: Rexford Dean, Arthur E. Keay, 
Samuel Hymoff ; won by Rexford Dean ; Arthur E. Keay, second. 

Girls' diving, under 16: Martha Cooper, Rose McGinnis, 
Glenna Butman ; won by Rose McGinnis ; Glenna Butman, second. 

Girls' swimming, 40 yards, at Y. W. C. A., under 16 years: 
Rachel Farrington, Betty Kendall, Glenna R. Butman, Martha 
Cooper ; won by Glenna Butman ; Betty Kendall, second. 

Girls' swimming, 100 yards, 16 years and under: Rachel Far- 
rington, Betty Kendall, Glenna R. Butman ; won by Glenna But- 
man ; Betty Kendall, second. 

Women's swimming, 100 yards : Marian H. Sargent, Helen 
Marden, Frances Millett, Margaret Flanagan ; won by Margaret 
Flanagan ; Helen Marden, second. 

Women's swimming, 60 yards, over 16 year; at Y. W. C. A.: 
Margaret Flanagan, Marian Sargent, Helen Marden, M. Evelyn 
Leary, Katherine Flanagan, Frances Millett ; won by Margaret 
Flanagan ; Marian Sargent, second. 

W'omen's diving, over 16 years, at Y. W. C. A. : Margaret 
Flanagan, M. Evelyn Leary, Katherine Flanagan; won by Mar- 
garet Flanagan ; Evelyn Leary, second. 

Tennis, men's singles, at Y. M. C. A. : Manual Glazer, Eugene 
G. Cote, F. R. Burgess, C. W. Burrill, A. J. Couble, Henry L. 
Perkins, C. F. Leighton, R. W. Allen. Francis O'Connell, Eric 
Harnesk, Earl Grindle, Proctor James ; won by C. F. Leighton. 

Women's tennis, at Y. W. C. A. : Helen Marden, Jessie Ricker, 
Marion Sargent, Blanche Benson, Gladys Knapp, Grace Williams. 
Alvina Kuplast, Glenna Day; won by Grace Williams. 

Tug of war, Edgar Playground : M. A. Packard Co. — Fred 
Seaquist, Joe Duquette, Frank Ilumbert, F. McDonald, Jake 
Bocianouski, H. Perrault, capt. ; Highway Dept. — M. Lyons, P. 
Gilmartin, C. Monahan, H. Scott, J. Leland ; Club Nationale— 
Oliver Plausse, Jef Baribeault, A. Hendi, Louis Grasse, J. Bus- 
sier, Alf Podner, E. A. Dupre, coach, Eli Maynard, capt. ; Clan 
MacDonald — Robert Watt, Jas. L. Keay, Ed Dwyer, R. W. 
Brown, Daniel Camen ; A. O. H. — Daniel Sullivan, Mark Fitz- 
maurice, John Hyde, John Sheehan, Barney Gillen. Won by Club 
Nationale. 

190 




SIDNEY A. DAVIDSON 
Secretary Spoils Committee. 

Industrial relay race : W. L. Douglas Co. — Louis Luti, Leroy 
Perkins, Ernest Jocoy, Ralph Reed ; Geo. E. Keith Co. — R. Dean, 
F. Rabby, R. Bryan, H. Smith; National Biscuit Co.— W. E. 
Cahill, J. F. McCall, E. J. Mullins, Fred White. Won by W. L. 
Douglas Co. ; National Biscuit Co., second. 

Golf, at Country Club and Thorny Lea, all day : Men — L. D. 
Howard, H. S. Kussmaul, James Conroy, T. M. Farrell, H. L. 
Rapp, A. W. Barlow, W. H. Cary, A. M. Smith, Ben Stone, L. 
Q. White, M. L. Doherty, Arthur J. Chase, W. M. Partridge. 
B. O. Cheney, C. J. Porter, Jr., A." I. Loheed, C. W. Holmes, 
R. E. Drake, C. W. Bixby, A. F. Nelson, E. W. Barrett, W. F. 
Fortin, Arthur Fisher, W. R. Tenney, R. P. Whitman, W. H. 
Wallace, E. L. Wallace, E. W. Bailey, E. A. Burrill, F. S. Far- 
num, G. H. Leach, R. P. Whitman, won by L. Damon Howard, 
H. S. Kussmaul, second. Women — Mrs. D. B. Tuholski, Mrs. 
L. Holmes Dalton, Mrs. Robert Jenkins, Mrs. Raymond Drake, 
Mrs. Henry Rapp, Miss Margaret Bartlett, Mrs. H. Kussmaul. 
Miss Ruth' Davis, Miss Fannie B. Clark. Mrs. John Doherty. 
Mrs. Tom Farrell, Miss Marie Buchanan, Miss Euthenia Wallace, 

191 



Mrs. Frank E. Cobb, Miss Rena Atwood, Miss Babette Packard, 
Mrs. Frank Jenkins, Mrs. Clarence Howes, Mrs. H. B. Whit- 
comb, Mrs. Edith Caswell, Mrs. B. O. Cheney, Mrs. Walter 
Forbush, Miss Harriet Gardner, Mrs. C. F. Batchelder, Mrs. 
Henry Perkins, won by Mrs. L. Holmes Dalton, Mrs. Frank 
Jenkins, second. 

Bowling on the green, Cross Street : Charles N. Fenn, Jos. 
Hyde, George Gardner, Edw. Sabin, Thomas Bird, William 
Temple, William Poole, Edgar Ward, H. A. Turner, Jos. Acton, 
Geo. E. Jowett, A. W. Poole, Ernest Mann, Jos. Grundy, Arthur 
Gale, Fred A. Grant, Frank Wilson, Thomas Williams, John 
Towers, J. J. Dalphy, Benj. Coy, Thomas H. Ely, L. Eayres, 
David Tyndall, John Loney, Geo. Astill, Fred Wilson, William 
Roe, Charles Sargent, R. Hunter; won by William Roe; John 
Towers, second. 

Cricket, Cross Street : Hub Gore Workers — Thomas Orton, 
capt., Lester Williams, F. A. Grant, W r illiam Poole, Ernest Grant, 
Charles Keen, J. Towers, William Grant, Thomas Bird, T. Smith, 
George Flowers, Stephen Mosley ; Shoe Workers — James War- 
ren, capt., V. Roe, A. Gennaco, A. Mosley, J. Keough, E. Ashley, 
T. Apjohn, T. Williams, George Jowitt, C. Fenn, T. Luckman. 
Won by Hub Gore, Stephen Mosley, first; Thomas Orton, second. 

BOXING BOUTS 

There were eight bouts in the Armory with the following sum- 
marized results : 

108-Pound Class, final : George LaBate, Brockton, beat Young 
Wedge, Brockton, two rounds. 

115-Pound Class, semi-finals: Owen Maguire, Bridgewater. 
beat Tony Eudico, Brockton, two rounds ; final, Maguire beat 
Dan Pierce, Brockton, one round. 

125-Pound Class, semi-finals: Harold Cornwall, Brockton, 
beat Gerald Webster, North Easton, one round ; Tippy Fay, 
Brockton, beat Frank Connolly, Brockton, three rounds, referee's 
decision ; Winnie Anderson, North Easton, beat Fay, three 
rounds ; final, Anderson beat Cornwall, three rounds. 

145-Pound Class: Henry C. Bohlin. Brockton, beat Frank 
Welch, Brockton, two rounds. 

192 



BASEBALL GAMES 

The great American Game was represented on several dia- 
monds : 

At Walk-Over Park, the W. L. Douglas team won against 
the Walk-Overs, 5 to 0. 

At the John L. O'Donnell Playground, St. Colmans won over 
St. Edwards, 5 to 3. 

The Graysing Club defeated the Clark A. C. nine, at Edgar 
Playground, 7 to 3. 

On the Parmenter Playground, the Goddard team won the 
grammar school championship against the Perkins nine, 3 to 1. 

FIREMEN'S MUSTER 
Preceded by the Hancock Band with drum corps of the other 
competing "tubs" the participants in the fireman's muster at the 
Fair Grounds, Saturday afternoon, marched to the field of contest 
where the play-out was made. The strong cross-wind pre- 
vented high records but the Protectors succeeded in passing the 
two hundred-foot mark. In the finish the results were as follows : 
Protector, Montello: 201 feet, and 5 and 1-2 inches; Enterprise. 
Campello, 198 feet, 9 and 3-4 inches; Hancock, Brockton, 191 
feet, 7 and 5-8 inches. The prize was a silver shield, and a purse 
of $365 from friends of Protector and Hancock companies. 



HIGH SCHOOL ALUMNI DANCE— SATURDAY 

EVENING, JUNE 18 

The Centennial Events closed on Saturday evening with the 
annual High School reunion and Alumni dance in the School 
Assembly Hall. The graduating class of the Centennial Year 
was host to about five hundred. 

In the receiving line were Dr. Percy T. Burtt, vice-president 
of the Alumni Association, and Mrs. Burtt; Headmaster and 
Mrs. Merle S. Getchell ; John F. Scully, Superintendent of 
Schools, and Mrs. Scully ; the officers of the Class of 1921. Class 
colors were everywhere in evidence and the floral decorations 
most effective. Music was furnished by Copp's Orchestra. Re- 
freshments were served during intermissions. 

193 



The Grand March was led by Charles E. Hennessy, president, 
and Miss Louise E. Turner, vice-president. The line then formed 
with class officers : Treasurer, Joseph Gurney ; secretary, Miss 
Miriam Norris ; executive committee, Miss Stella Cooper, Miss 
Jessie Ferguson, Miss Eleanor Wilson, Charles Oliver, Jr.. and 
Chester Spear; Harry O'Sullivan, president of the junior class 
with ushers ; school and graduates. 

The entire affair was a happy ending to a Never-To-Be-For- 
ootten Week. 



FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 

The citizens of Brockton should realize that the greatest care 
was given by the Centennial Committees to the expenditure of 
the $10,000 appropriated by the 1921 Administration for the 
Anniversary. The Budget forecast (see pp. 55 and 97) was most 
carefully guarded, with the result that a considerable amount was 
available with which partly to underwrite this Commemorative 
Volume and leave unexpended a balance in the City Treasury. 

The report of City Auditor Chester T. Swanson, under date of 
October 25, is as follows : 

Statement of Receipts and Expenditures, 1921 
Receipts 

Appropriation for Pageant 

Committee $8,000.00 

Appropriation for other 

committees 2,000.00 

Total Appropriation $10,000.00 

Grandstand Tickets $3,835.00 

Concessions 149.00 

Pageant Books 703.00 

Costume Rental 35.00 

Miscellaneous 1.95 

Total Receipts 4.723.95 

Total Receipts and 

Appropriation $14,723.95 

195 



Expenditures 

Pageant Committee Expen- 
ditures $6,73 1 . 1 8 

( )ther committee expendi- 
tures 3,384.74 



Total Expenditures 10,115.92 



Balance $4,608.03 



Classified Expenditures 

Salaries and Wages $2,360.00 

Stage 1 , 1 50.00 

Band and Music 913.31 

Lighting 696.29 

Pageant Books .. 675.00 

Costumes 626.72 

Decorations 550.00 

Advertising 5 1 1 .28 

Sports 490.66 

Scenery 446.50 

Printing, Stationery and Postage 416.20 

Grounds 343.00 

Policing 307.36 

Properties 209.91 

Miscellaneous 151.37 

Programs 133.50 

Tickets 44.72 

Pageant Poster Prizes 30.00 

Prize Hymn 25.00 

Photos 20.10 

Rent 15.00 



$10,115.92 



Eor the central feature of the observance, the Pageant, the 
treasurer, John N. Howard, made his final statement as here 
shown : 



1 96 



Condensed Financial Statement of Pageant Committee 

Sept. 8, 1921 

Receipts 

Grandstand tickets $3,835.00 

Programs 703.00 

Concessions 149.00 

Costume Rental 35.00 

$4,722.00 

Allotment from City of Brockton appropriation for 

Centennial Observance 8,000.00 



$12,722.00 



Expenditures 

Stage and Bandstand $1,150.00 

Grounds 343.00 

Lighting 696.29 

Music 774.61 

Scenery 444.00 

Costumes 547.07 

Advertising and Publicity 31.00 

Program 686.39 

Author 400.00 

Director 844.87 

Properties 190.62 

Tickets 73.22 

Sanitary 12.80 

Miscellaneous 562.21 



Total Expenditures $6,756.08 

Balance in hands of City Treasurer 5,965.92 



$12,722.00 



John N, Howard, Treasurer. 
197 



RETROSPECT AND APPRECIATION 



So came and went Brockton's Centennial. It left a most sat- 
isfactory memory in all particulars. Visitors and residents were 
unanimous in recognizing the high character of the Observance. 
As Chairman of the Central Committee. Mayor Roger Keith 
thus appraised the event : 

"I believe I am expressing the sentiment of the entire popula- 
tion of Brockton, and thousands who were our guests, when I 
say that the celebration of the 100th anniversary of North Bridge- 
water was successful beyond all anticipation. The hundreds who 
took part and the thousands that attended the various events of 
the week, especially the pageant and the street carnival, showed 
the true spirit of civic pride and co-operation, which was alone 
responsible for the magnificent success of our Centennial. 

"Nothing but the highest praise has been expressed and the 
Brockton people should feel proud of the reputation they have 
established throughout this commonwealth and the nation. Brock- 
ton has never failed to go 'over the top' and the 100 per cent, 
success of the Centennial reflects credit upon each and every one 
of its citizens." 

Reviewing the week, the Secretary of the Centennial Commit- 
tee said : 

"The thanks of the Central Committee is due to all individuals, 
organizations and corporations, which have unitedly made the 
1921 Centennial a notable achievement. 

"While formal and specific official appreciation will be voiced 
by the Executive Committee at an early meeting, this statement 
has the indorsement of all who have been intimately associated 
in planning the great event. 

"Beginning with Sunday and extending through the week the 
co-operation of the citizens of Brockton with chairmen and direc- 
tors of numerous programmes has been most marked. The 
community has accepted the blessing of rare June days and has 
responded to the challenge of the Anniversary in its various forms 
of observance. 

198 



"The observance has quickened our spirit through memory of 
the past. Our sense of indebtedness has been enlarged and our 
good purposes renewed. The Centennial brought pleasure and 
high educational values to the people and added to the fair name 
of our City." 

Both Pageant and Executive Committees later sent out per- 
sonal and general letters of thanks to the many organizations 
and individuals who contributed to the high success of the varied 
programs, and to them this book is dedicated. 




Photo by Jacobs 
THE CITY PERSONIFIED IN THE 
CENTENNIAL PAGEANT 

By Mrs. Roger Keith. 
199 



THE CITY OF PEACE 



O Home and City of us all, 
Whate'er our tongue or name. 

Our voices join in Church and hall 
To sing The Fathers' fame. 

Hope lifts within each trusting breast. 

That from our God above 
May come to us and with us rest. 

The gifts of faith and love ; 

That we may show in glowing deed 

The truths we often voice ; 
That men may see and gladly read. 

And in our lives rejoice. 

Here may we learn to work and plan. 

To see each other's good. 
To worship God and honor man 

In one great Brotherhood 

— Warren Prince Landers. 



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