Brockton and Its Centennial
Chief Events as Town and City
The Organization and Story of its
One Hundredth Anniversary
June 12-18, 1921
WARREN P. LANDERS
Published by the City of Brockton, Massachusetts
By the City of Brockton, Massachusetts
The Standard Printing Company
Illustrations made by
F. O. Clark Engraving Company
COMMITTEE ON CENTENNIAL BOOK
Merle S. Getchell, Chairman
Appointed May 10, 1921
Organized into working" groups :
Text and Illustrations Warren P. Landers, Chairman
Suzanne Cary Gruver Frank H. Whitmore
Production William T. Card, Chairman
Frank L. Erskine Harris W. Fleming
Distribution George H. Leach, Chairman
Merle S. Getchell William D. Thomas
Greetings from Men of Eminence 13
1821— Brockton's Cycle— 1921 14
Mayors Interpret City's Progress 31
Records in Shoes 33
Bryant and Brockton 39
Organizing the Centennial 45
Officers and Committees 46
Program and Budget 53
Centennial Week 55
The Formal Opening, Sunday 55
Pulpit Messages 64
Concert and Community Sing 71
Decorations and Exhibits, Monday 74
The Porter Memorial Service, Tuesday 79
Fraternal Night, Tuesday 87
The Pageant of Brockton 90
Organization and Budget 92
First Production. Wednesday 98
Second Production, Thursday 101
The Text of the Pageant 106
The Cast 163
High School Commencement, Friday 177
The Street Carnival, Friday 185
Sports Program, Saturday 186
High School Alumni Dance, Saturday 193
Financial Statements 195
For Centennial Week 195
For the Pageant 197
Retrospect and Appreciation 198
The City of Peace 200
In presenting this Book of BROCKTON AND ITS CEN-
TENNIAL, the Editor desires to express appreciation for cour-
tesies extended by the State, the Maiden and Brockton Libraries
for privileges in research ; and to the Brockton Enterprise, The
Transcript and The Boot and Shoe Recorder of Boston, for articles
originally written by him for their columns.
Thanks are also due The Brockton Enterprise and The Brock-
ton Times for the free use of news material in preparing The
Story of Centennial Week ; to the Brockton Chamber of Com-
merce for office and stenographic service ; to the photographers
co-operating in producing the illustrations which greatly add to
the permanent value of this Book ; and to all others whose dis-
interested aid has been freely given.
LIST OF HISTORICAL ILLUSTRATIONS
North Bridgewater, 1838 2
North Bridgewater, 1 844 6
Deed of Purchase, 1649 10
Sachem Rock 12
The Old Brown Church 16
The First Mayor of Brockton 22
Brockton, 1921 (2) 30-76
The Old Red Shop 32
The Bryant Homestead 39
Porter Memorial Service 80
The Centennial Poster 86
From Pageant Episodes : —
Nature Spirits 114
Indian Encampment 117
The First Settler ...124
Rev. John Porter and Congregation 126
The First Town Meeting 131
Mis' Jones' School 134
The Quilting Bee 137
The Old Stage Coach 138
Veterans of the Civil War 142
Visit of Christine Nilsson (2) 146-148
William Cullen Bryant Group 152
The Brockton Fair T55
Arrival of the City 157
Children of the Bryant Group 167
Going to Church 167
The Eldon Keith Field 188
The City Personified 200
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1649. DEED OF PURCHASE OF LAND NOW INCLUDING BROCKTON
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Courtesy of the Bridgewater Historial Society.
MEN OF EMINENCE SEND GREETINGS
Through the thoughtfulness of the BROCKTON
ENTERPRISE, the City received congratulatory
messages from high officials of State.
Brockton's celebration of its Centennial Anniversary beginning
today, will remind the Nation of the wonderful industrial progress
our Country has made in the past century. As one of the repre-
sentative industrial cities, whose name suggests everywhere an
industry in which America heads the world, I extend greetings
and congratulations to Brockton, and wish it more centuries of
prosperity and progress.
Warren G. Harding, President.
My heartiest congratulations to the City of Brockton on its
Centennial celebration. It represents one hundred years of cour-
age, industry and development and true Americanism.
Calvin Coolidge, Vice-President.
I take a deep interest in all the towns of old Plymouth County.
There is none which has had a more remarkable career and built
up a greater prosperity than that which has become the City of
Brockton, famous everywhere for its industries and manufac-
Henry Cabot Lodge, Senator.
May the City of Brockton continue to grow and prosper as
she has during the past 100 years. Above all, may she continue
to give to our country enlightened and patriotic citizens to serve
loyally and courageously in time of trial, and intelligently and
devotedly in time of peace.
David I. Walsh, Senator.
Hearty congratulations on past success and best wishes for
continued and ever-increasing prosperity to the greatest shoe city
in the world.
Louis A. Frothingham, Coneressman.
Massachusetts congratulates her splendid daughter, Brockton,
upon her happy one-hundredth anniversary. May Brockton,
justly proud of her history, face with courage the future, and
may contentment and happiness be the lot of her people.
Channing H. Cox, Governor.
1821— BROCKTON'S CYCLE— 1921
A Story of Men and Women and Notable Events
This year is famous in the Old Colony. Yet the Pilgrim does
not absorb all the glory — give him his due. Grandsons were also
pioneers. So that the modern city of Brockton — the largest com-
munity, as it is the only municipality, in Plymouth County —
celebrated its first cycle in June, 1921. Of course, this is true
after explanations : for it has been a city only forty years and
it was not christened Brockton. Of this paradox more later.
We are setting before you the Story of the Years, so far as space
will permit. Because of this limitation, many periods can be
but mentioned ; important personages must be passed by for
greater, and the century must necessarily be seen from the point
of view of a single mind.
For merchandise having a value today of about $30 (pre-war
coinage), Massasoit parted with virgin soil and forest land, rock-
ribbed, and inhabited by wild life. The purchasers were Duxbury
free-holders, among whom was Myles Standish. The deed was
signed March 23, 1649, at Sachem's Rock in East Bridgewater,
near what has been locally known as the Carver Cotton Gin
Company. The territory included what was called by the In-
dians "Satucket," and it covered fortv-nine square miles. This
was later the tenth town in the Old Colony and named Bridge-
water by its new owners, after a town in Somersetshire, England,
from which staunch Puritans emigrated to America. In 1700,
settlers came into what was after called the North Parish, organ-
ized their Church, built their meeting house in 1737, called Rev.
John Porter as minister in 1740 (see pp. 79-84), chose a Com-
mittee of Twelve (1746) on "improving ye school for the futer,"
and thus began a career as a separate community within the
jurisdiction of the Old Town.
Iluskings, raisings (with the accompaniment of moistenings),
quiltings, sings, and bees supplied some diversion from the hard
tasks of providing food, shelter, clothing, and fuel. Hospitality,
though generous, was simple in its fare. Fresh meat was a
rarity in the earlier days ; potatoes were just introduced. Wooden
ware often predominated, even to spoons, in the less well-to-do
homes. Drinks were plenty — malt, beer, cider, toddy, and flip
formed parts of that vocabulary which the XVIII Amendment
in our day has relegated to the limbo. Family names which
abounded in the community up to and after the Civil War days
were Kingman, Howard, Keith, Cary, Hayward, French, Gurney,
and Dunbar. So the fore-runners of Brockton met their daily
tasks and problems with courage and good purpose.
The parish centered in the Church — it was the meeting-place
for all community affairs as well as for worship. The original
house was occupied, though not finished till 1749. Floor space
was sold and seats built as required. Windows gave light, and
the only heat. A more complete account of minister and Church
will be found on pages 79-84.
The native boulder which is seen before the present First
Parish Church on Pleasant Street was dedicated in 1913 by the
Deborah Sampson Chapter, D. A. R., to commemorate the soul
of '76. The Church Green was the training field in those martial
days. Sons of men who had been in Indian and French wars
were of fighting stock and ready in behalf of the Colonial cause.
Responding to the alarm of Lexington, the men of the Parish
heroically bore their part ; the women caring for the homes and
farms in their absence. We are told that John Porter, Jr., in
his father's place, was giving the weekly lecture at the Church,
sixteen days after the Concord fight, when the militia was sum-
moned to Weymouth. He dismissed the meeting at once and
reported for duty. This was the spirit of the times and of this
The Beginnings of a Hundred Years
July 4, 1821, when James Monroe was President, North Bridge-
water held its first town meeting. Nearly two hundred voters
participated. Joseph Sylvester was moderator. The first Select-
men were : Howard Cary, Zachariah Gurney, Abel Kingman.
THE OLD BROWN CHURCH
Erected, 1S53 :: Burned, 1S94 .
Third Successor of Earliest Meeting House of the First Parish.
The clerk was Edward Southworth, also treasurer. For the
schools, $625. was appropriated to be expended in eleven districts.
As educational life developed, private schools found their place :
"Mis' Jones's" (1831-1867), which started most of the children of
that period on their way to attainment, was prominent. In the
latter half of the century, Mrs. Sarah E. (Lewis) Fellows opened
a beginners' school in her home at the corner of L and Warren
Ave. (then Pond St.). At the other end of the ladder were the
Adelphian and Hunt Academies, the predecessors of the High
School which opened in September, 1864. Its early principals
included Alfred Laws and Alonzo Meserve. In 1871, Edward
Parker assumed headship and remained for more than thirty
years, popular, efficient, kindly in disposition, sympathetic and
helpful to all. The school opened in a former Academy, Main
Street, opposite Linden, but was removed in 1871 to the Central
School, now the site of City Hall. In 1885, Whitman School,
Main Street, where the Library stands, was remodeled for High
School purposes. The great buildings now occupied on Warren
Ave., were completed in the years 1906, 1911 and 1917, and
supply a plant equal to any in the State in accommodations,
equipment, and practical usefulness. The school enrolment for
1921-22 is 2034, with a faculty of eighty.
The railroad came to town in 1846. It connected with the Old
Colony line at South Braintree, running through Randolph,
Stoughton (now Avon), North Bridgewater to Bridgewater.
Joseph O. Bennett was the first station agent. Among his suc-
cessors was James Hermon French, now of East Orange, New
Jersey, whose recent contributions to the Centennial literature
have been widely read and appreciated. Just before the Town
began its hundred-years dash, a joint stock comoany controlled
a stage operating three times weekly between Bridgewater and
Boston. This two-horse carriage, formerly belonging to Gov-
ernor Phillips, was driven by Col. Nathan Jones, the newly-made
husband of "Mis" Jones who afterward kept the boarding kinder-
garten of that time. True to the traditions of all stage-coaches,
it was eagerly watched for, both because it conveyed the mail
and brought news from the outside world.
The postoffice was opened in 1816, taking the place of post-
rider, market-wagon, or private conveyance. Charles Packard
received from President Madison die honor of being the first in
a line of postmasters. The Office was in his store between
present Ward and Franklin Streets. Boxes were introduced after
1829. Postage to Boston was six cents, to New York eighteen
and three-quarters cents. The yearly income of the Office at
this period was about $40.
The Bridgewater Patriot and Old Colony Gazette appeared
in Town August 22, 1835, George H. Brown, publisher. From
1848-1851, The Old Colony Reporter had a brief career. The
North Bridgewater Gazette, which had a long and useful exis-
tance, appeared first in 1851 with George Phinney as editor. He
sold his interests twelve years later to Augustus T. Jones, who
for many years continued to edit this well-remembered paper
from the old plant at the corner of Ward and Main Streets.
The forerunner of the present finely-equipped Public Library
was a "social library" raised by subscription just after the
Revolutionary War and housed in private homes. Its last libra-
rian was Col. Edward Southworth. Early in the '40's, under
legislative enactment appropriating $15. for the purchase of books
for school districts, the local school authorities met the condition
attached, raising a like amount, and secured a few books for
public uses. The several Library Associations which followed,
have been succeeded by the Public Library, established in 1867,
now domiciled in the attractive Carnegie Building dedicated eight
years ago. The first Town Library was in the Studley Building,
corner Main and High Streets. Later it was on Green Street
in what was then known as the Puffer Block, afterwards in
Satucket Block, then in City Hall.
Brockton's splendid No-License record of thirty years had
its origin back in the time when, in face of custom, it organized
( 1825 ) a branch of the American Temperance Society. The
attitude of the public mind generally can best be seen in the vote
passed at a Parish Meeting in October, 1800, forbidding "the
peddling of liquors on the green" for the great occasion, a week
later, of the ordination of Asa Meech as minister ! In 1829,
the Town appointed a committee "to prevent the improper itse
of ardent spirits" and also directed the Selectmen to "post the
names of such persons as, in their judgment, drink too much."
The matter of fire-protection early enlisted the interests of
the community. In 1827, an engine was purchased by subscrip-
tion and operated by a private company. It was "Union No. 1,"
a "bucket-tub" to be filled by hand. This, with a hook and ladder
carriage, constituted the department until 1846 when the Town
voted to secure two improved engines. A few years later (1853),
the ability and genius of the Town was tested in the serious fire
which menaced Campello, destroying South Church, dwellings,
and shops. The loss was $50,000, with slight insurance.
The industrial life of the Town had already started on the road
of progress. This important subject is considered at length on
The Civil War Period
In common with many New England communities, there were
in Old Bridgewater a few slaves : that is, they were not free-born
and were "property" of their masters. In 1820, there were
twenty-three colored people in the North Parish. But the State
Constitution forbidding traffic and ownership had freed all slaves
in Massachusetts in 1780. In the early days, so Bradford King-
man tells us, anti-slavery propaganda did not here "meet with
that favor which it received in many other places."* However,
with the involving of the question with political parties, North
Bridgewater easily set herself right in votes for Andrew and
When the call came for volunteers in April, 1861, the New
Jerusalem Church was crowded, and in response to addresses
and appeals more than a hundred men enlisted for service. A
large percent of the roster of Co. F, 12th Regiment, was local
men. Col. Fletcher Webster, son of Daniel, and after whom
Post 13 is named, was in command. The Company recruited
* History of North Bridgewater, to which, with History of
Brockton, the Editor is indebted for valuable information.
here, left town April 29th. Martland's Band (William J., mas-
ter), of North Bridgewater, was attached to the Regiment. The
12th participated in important engagements. At Groveton, near
Bull Run, Col. Webster was killed. Co. I, First Mass. Cavalry,
Capt. Lucius Richmond, left Town in September, '61. In July
following, North Bridgewater voted $100 to all volunteers. A
resolution introduced by David L. Co well, once Town Librarian,
was adopted, declaring "That earth has never seen a holier war
than that now waged." In August, 1863, after Secretary Stanton
had called for 300,000 troops, there were further enlistments,
and the spirit of the community is clearly shown in the adoption
of this statement as expressed by Mr. Cowell : "The citizens of
North Bridgewater have neither exhausted their means nor their
patriotism." This was characteristic of the community through-
out the struggle. According to Harrison O. Thomas — authority
and for many years historian for the local Post the total number
of men furnished by the Town scattered through many regiments
was about 700. There were seventy-four deaths recorded. In
1876, Galen Manley gave $100. toward a suitable memorial to
the Men of the War and in November, 1907, at Perkins Park,
The Soldiers' Monument was dedicated. Their remembrance is
further secured in the Memorial Rotunda at City Hall, dedicated
in 1894 by Fletcher Webster Post, aided by representatives of
state and national departments. In the corridors of the Municipal
Building are also commemorative paintings by Lamb and Holland.
The service of Civil War soldiers is perpetuated in very tangible
form by the Post above named, organized July 1. 1867, with
Uriah Macoy first Commander ; the Woman's Relief Corps ; and
Camp Captain R. B. Grover, Sons of Veterans. G. A. R. Hall,
East Elm Street, was opened in 1883.
Brockton: Origin and Christening
The population of the Town at its incorporation was 1480;
just before the Civil War, it had grown to include 6584 ; in 1870,
8007. Foresighted citizens began to recognize the need of a town
name more distinctive than that borne for generations. In early
'71, various names were proposed, historic, literary — with, accord-
ing to Kingman, a decided preference for "Norwood." A formal
meeting was held in January at Murray Hall on call of leading
citizens. February eighth the Town voted a petition to the
legislature asking that the name be changed to "Standish," the
doughty Captain being, as previously stated, one of the signers
of the original deed of purchase of land. In March, on recon-
sideration, "Stanton" was substituted. This was followed in
popular favor by "Amburg," the origin of which is not clear.
Meanwhile the Senate and House had enacted and named the
Town "Standish" under final date of April 19th. In May, the
act was officially rejected by the Town by a vote of 460 to 427.
In 1874, after much local discussion, the Selectmen addressed the
legislature in behalf of "Brockton." This was accompanied by
many petitions, the largest being favorable, headed by C. C.
Bixby and signed by 1021 voters.
The suggestion was made by Ira Copeland, a resident of the
Town, who some years before had heard the name called by a
railway conductor as he rode en route to Detroit. "Brockton"
is in the province of Ontario, now a part of Toronto. It was
named after Sir Isaac Brock (1769-1812), soldier and lieutenant
governor of Canada. His memory is perpetuated by monuments
in St. Paul's, London; in Montreal, and in Queenstown. Several
Canadian towns and parishes bear names traceable to his own.
Three names were approved by the legislature in March, 1874. A
Town meeting called May 5th after considering "Brockton,"
"Allerton," and "Avon," selected the first named by 1080 out of
1491 votes. With characteristic fervor the citizens celebrated,
the christening was over, "momentary heats and acerbities" for-
gotten, and there was shown a "general desire to clasp hands and
start forward again in unity and in peace." (The Gazette.)
ZIBA C. KEITH
First Mayor of Brockton
From Town to City
The industry, which has made Brockton famous the world
over, developed rapidly during or directly after the re-naming
period. (See pp. 33-38.)
From 1870 to 1880, the population increased 5,601. There
were at that date forty-three schools with an enrolment of 2,267.
In 1881, the Town valuation was $6,876,427. All this develop-
ment suggested to the Brockton Spirit the reasonableness of a
city form of government. December 29, 1881, citizens met at
the Opera House, corner of Main and East Elm Streets to
consider the question. The Act of Incorporation was passed by
the legislature in April and on May 23, 1881, was accepted by
the Town. The election in December resulted in the choice of
Ziba C. Keith as Mayor. The inauguration took place the first
Monday in January in the Opera House, with addresses by Mayor
Keith, Henry H. Packard (Mayor in 1883) and the Governor of
the Commonwealth, Hon. John D. Long.
The local government is now domiciled in a municipal building
that is a credit to any city. As noted, early town meetings were
held in the First Parish Church. At various times in the young
'40's, the question of a Town House came to the front. In 1850.
a site was purchased at the corner of Main and Center Streets,
but five years later it was sold at public auction. The Town
realized $1,550 by this procedure, but no House. At the close
of the War, the project was revived. In 1880, or on its com-
pletion, the municipal government occupied rooms in City Block,
corner of Ward and Main Streets. Under the administration of
Mayor Wade, the initial step toward a City Hall was taken. April
15, 1889, an order was passed creating a joint special committee
on plans. In 1891, the School Street site was selected and pur-
chased of Fred P. Richmond for $9,500. Twenty-one plans
were submitted, and Wesley L. Minor chosen architect. With
changes in materials and design, the cost approximated $315,000.
The corner stone was laid May 30, 1892, by the Grand Lodge
A. F. and A. M. of the State. The dedication occurred September
24, 1894, and was gala day in the City. Among the guests was
BROCKTON CITY HALL
Photo by Wilson
Governor Greenhalge, who gave an address. Other speakers
were Mayor John J. Whipple, former Mayor Ziba C. Keith, and
Elijah A. Morse, M. C. The City Seal, designed by A. F. Poole,
was adopted July 4, 1882. A replica with living figures represent-
ing Standish and Massasoit, formed the central feature of the
Brockton Historical Float in the Plymouth Ter-Centenary parade
before President Harding, August 1, 1921.
We have already noted the first transportation facilities. For
many years, workers in local factories found their way here via
coaches from surrounding towns. About 5.30 each night these
met at the Washburn House rendezvous and from that point
departed. It was an interesting sight and suggested our growing
industries. December 2, 1880, a hearing was held by the Select-
men in the interest of a horse-car line. The next year (July 6),
the first car was driven by Peter Richmond from Clifton Avenue
to the residence of Enos H. Reynolds. The Brockton Street Rail-
way Company was incorporated January 8, 1881. Six box and
three open cars and thirty-nine horses constituted the equipment.
Horace B. Rogers was then, and for many years, superintendent.
The earliest electric cars were run from the East Side up Crescent
and Ward Streets, but in 1890 were established on Main. The
City has the reputation of being the first to operate street-cars
by electricity. In this connection is the record also of first using
electric power for municipal lighting. When in 1883, under-
ground conduits were constructed, the Wizard of Menlo Park,
Mr. Edison himself, came to Brockton and superintended this
important work. For this reason, as well as in recognition of his
distinguished abilities, he was invited to visit the City as a guest
of the Centennial Committee.
In Peace and War
While for a half century one Church seemed practically suffi-
cient for old North Bridgewater, with growth and diversity of
population, religious life rapidly expanded. In 1837 the First
Parish Church gave twenty-three members to form South Church.
In 1850 another group organized Porter, named after the first
minister. The Church of the New Jerusalem was established in
1827; the present House of Worship dedicated in 1857. With
this Society, the Rev. Warren Goddard served in a notable minis-
try for a quarter of a century. Methodism began in Town with
the Pearl Street Church in 1830. Central was formed in 1842
and for many years worshipped on Church Street before building
the beautiful and commodious House on Elm. South was organ-
ized in 1879, Franklin in 1887, Swedish in 1890. The Lutheran
Church was formed in 1854. Baptist faith came in continuous
corporate form as early as 1850, building on Warren Avenue,
corner of Belmont (1881), and later erecting its attractive edifice
at the junction of Elm and the Avenue. At Campello, Warren
Avenue Baptist Church was organized in 1886, Swedish in 1883 ;
at the North, services were begun in 1886. St. Paul's Episcopal
Church commenced its strong ministry here in 1871, opening its
early Chapel in 1877 out of which has grown the stone edifice on
Pleasant Street. Unity, organized in 1881, dedicated its House
in 1884. The Free Will Baptist was formed in 1884, and the
Universalist Church in 1857. Supplementing Church life the
Y. M. C. A., organized in 1887, erected its present finely-equipped
building in 1914. The Y. W. C. A., formed in 1906, dedicated
its modern plant on Main Street in September. 1918.
The Roman Catholic Church began its present vigorous service
here in 1856 under the direction of The Rev. Thomas B. McNulty.
In 1859, it dedicated the Church so long used on Main Street.
The foundations of the present stately edifice at the corner of
Bartlett Street, was laid in 1910. The Church of the Sacred
Heart (French) was dedicated in 1893. St. Margaret's at Cam-
pello, St. Edward's at the North, and St. Colman's at the East
Side, established at a later period, are rapidly growing.
The United Presbyterian ; the Church of Christ, Scientist ; the
Advent ; Latter Day Saints — as well as undenominational groups
— hold regular services in Churches or halls. The Hebrew Syna-
gogues minister to large assemblies. There are both Congre-
gational and Baptist Churches for the colored population.
Singularly for an industrial center of the size of Brockton, it
has a wide reputation for agricultural interests. Its school-gar-
dens are of a high rank and its justly celebrated Fair — first open
in 1874 — is a national institution. Its grounds now comprise 85
acres. This year its receipts approximated $250,000.
A communication from the 1921 Centennial Committee was
mailed to 116 fraternal organizations showing the development
of this phase of the City's life. Odd Fellowship began here in
1845 ; Masonry was instituted in 1856. Today the list of lodges
and clubs includes all the representative organizations.
So populous a City, with manufacturing on so large a scale,
cannot be wholly free from accidents. First aid in schools,
emergency equipment in the shops and legislative insistence upon
protection for the worker, have all served their purpose. Yet
the needs of Brockton and humane sentiment of the City find ex-
pression in the well-furnished hospital, opened on East Side,
Center Street, in 1896. Here the sick, unfortunate or injured
may find quick treatment and relief under conditions that none
need decline to accept. Doubtless in all the annals of this City
— or in others — have there been few such disasters as came
to us in 1905 in the explosion of the boiler in the Grover Factory.
In this serious event, which occurred during the administration
of Mayor Edward H. Keith, fifty-six persons perished and two
others died later .from injuries. More than a hundred thousand
dollars was speedily raised for the families of the bereaved. In
Melrose Cemetery, the City provided burial for thirty-six un-
identified bodies, with suitable inscription. The History of the
Relief Fund, written by Albert F. Pierce, D. D., may be found
at the Library. The last payment to beneficiaries was made 1921.
Into the peaceful life of the community came the summons of
1898 when the United States declared war upon Spain. With
traditional spirit, Brockton sent her sons who, returning, formed
the Spanish War Veteran's Association. When the unparalleled
tragedy of the World War became a reality, money, men and
service were offered as needed. The War Chest Drive before
the Armistice resulted in $625,000 and Brockton's men and
women met their responsibilities at home and abroad with the
characteristic spirit. In Salisbury Park is a Memorial Boulder
bearing two bronze tablets commemorating the supreme sacrifice
of ninety-nine sons of Brockton. The American Legion, Post
35, perpetuates their names and deeds.
Leading City Officials: 1881-1921
As a contribution to Centennial interest and supplying a per-
manent record, we print the complete list of Mayors, City Clerks
and Treasurers from the beginning of the municipality, as pre-
pared by the present Clerk, J. Albert Sullivan :
1882— Ziba C. Keith*
1883— Henry H. Packard*
1884— Ziba C. Keith*
1885— Ziba C. Keith*
1886— John J. Whipple*
1887— John J. Whipple*
1888— Albert R. Wade*
1889— Albert R. Wade*
1890— William L. Douglas
1891— Ziba C. Keitb*
1892— Ziba C. Keith*
1893— Ziba C. Keith*
1894— John J. Whipple*
1895— John J. Whipple*
1896 — Charles Williamson
1897 — Charles Williamson
1898— Henry E. Garfield*
1899— Emery M. Low
1900— Charles H. Coulter*
1901— Charles H. Coulter*
1902— David W. Battles
1903— Charles H. Coulter*
1904— Edward H. Keith
1905— Edward H. Keith
1906— Fred O. Bradford*
1907— John S. Kent
1908— John S. Kent
1909— John S. Kent
1910— William H. Clifford
1911— Harry C. Howard
1912— Harry C. Howard
1913— Charles M. Hickey
1914 — Harry C. Howard
1915— John S. Burbank
191^_john S. Burbank
1917— Stewart B. McLeod
1918— Wm. L. Gleason
1919— Wm. L. Gleason
1920— Wm. L. Gleason
1921— Ro^er Keith
1882-1912— DeWitt C. Packard* 1915-1920— Calvin R. Barrett
1912-1915— Clinton F. Packard 1920- —J. Albert Sullivan
1882-1886— Henry R. Ford* 1894-1907— Wm. H. Emerson
1887-1894— Augustus T. Jones* 1907-1913— E. Francis Pope*
1913. —John J. O'Reilly
WILLIAM L. DOUGLAS, Mayor, 1890
Governor of Massachusetts, 1895
INTERPRET CITY'S PROGRESS
Former Mayors Believe In Brockton
The daily Enterprise of June 13th carried interesting
interviews with former occupants of the Mayor's
Chair. We reprint sentences having special interpre-
tive and historic value.
"Our city has been builded to its world-wide prestige by the
pluck of her citizens. Its people's purpose has never flagged. " —
Col. John J. Whipple, Mayor 1886-87, 1894-95.*' s
"With that spirit on the part of our people, our city will over-
come every difficulty and will grow in every essential that makes
for a splendid municipality." — Maj. Charles Williamson, Mayor
1896-97. ^ — ^ ,
"I am happy to see Brockton enjoying its prosperous jeeffdltion
as the result of one hundred years of loyal effort displayed by the
people who have lived here.'' — Emery M. Low, Mayor 1899.
"From this delving into the past, let us gather renewed inspira-
tion from these noble founders that we may better fulfill our part
as citizens." — Edward H. Keith, Mayor 1904-05.
"Tomorrow new men with new ideas will be the directing force
in our city's activities. May they catch the spirit of brotherhood
permeating all strata of society and every element in our com-
munity."— John S. Kent, Mayor 1907-08-09.
"Brockton has always maintained and still does, a higher stan-
dard of living than that of other cities. " — William H. Clifford,
"( riven the same co-operation, faith and resources and our
growth in the next century will measure up to that in the one on
which we so proudlv look back." — Charles M. Hickey, Mayor
"The mind conceives a century hence a metropolis teeming with
activities, a Brockton big with the best ideals of life." — John S.
Burbank, Mayor 1915-16.
* - With the continued best efforts of every loyal citizen, the
heritage to succeeding generations will be a community hard to
surpass in comfort and happiness for its citizens." — William L.
Gleason. Mayor 1918-19-20.
* Deceased, November 14, 1921.
RECORDS IN SHOES
History and Incidents in a Hundred Years of Industry
The industry that has made this community known in all
quarters of the globe antedates the incorporation of the Town
whose history covers the hundred years. The deed by which
Massasoit transferred the Duxbury Plantation, out of which ter-
ritory have been carved the Towns of Bridgewater, and East- and
West-, and Brockton, was given for numerous articles, totaling
in value about $30. Included were four moose-skins which Myles
Standish, one of the signers, may have brought back from his
adventures in the wilds, and which would be used for protection
of feet as well as for clothing. We have then a starting point
in 1649, a reference to that which makes Brockton outrank all
other cities, the footgear of the original inhabitants, as well as
that of the colonists.
The Log of the Mayflower (Bradford's History) tells us that
in 1628 the Plymouth settlers sent Isaac Allerton to England on
an important mission, including the purchase of supplies. He
thereby probably became the first importer of shoes and leather.
But before that day (1623), according to Seth Bryant of Ash-
mont ("Shoe and Leather Trade of a Hundred Years," 1891),
Experience Mitchell, a passenger in the Ann. reached Plymouth.
Later he moved to Duxbury, and as one of the earliest settlers
in the Plantation came to (East) Bridgewater at a place locally
called Joppa. There he established a tannery in 1650. His son.
Ensign — later Colonel — Edward, and after him dishing Mitchell,
carried on the business for sixty years. So we may account for
the fact that when North Bridgewater was incorporated as a
Town in 1821, it was already the center of a leather-working
Bradford Kingman, in his diverting history of North Bridge-
water and Brockton, has an interesting account of men who have
risen from the bench of the shoemaker to distinction in other
For a later period, and from the City of Brockton, William L.
Douglas became (1895) Governor of the Commonwealth
In a business sense, the City's chief end has been and is "feet."
Prior to the date which the Celebration recalled (June 15, 1821),
shoes were handsewed, then pegged and nailed. Machines were
introduced in 1846. Early trade was largely controled by the
village shoemaker in his annual or semi-annual visits to "shoe"
the entire family. His "kit" was not so different in 1880 from
that of the first Christian era or even earlier. Out of the Revolu-
tionary War came Thomas French of Randolph, a personality
figuring in the beginnings of local industry. A tanner and cur-
rier, he settled on the Blue Hill Turnpike. Mr. French employed
others who had learned the shoe trade in camp or fort, and so
began the life which has made Brockton, for he had many appren-
From Randolph came Micah Faxon, in the early teens of the
nineteenth century, to the North Parish of Bridgewater. In 1811,
he carried to Boston on horseback his first hundred pair of fine
calf-skin, spring-heeled shoes. They were sold to Monroe &
Nash, Long Wharf, for the southern trade. Quick successors
and competitors were Silas Packard and Col. Edward Southworth
in a store that stood at the corner of Main and Court Streets. In
1820, William French engaged in shoe manufacture. Others
early in the business were Zophar Field and Charles Southworth ;
John May & Sidney Howard ; Zenas Brett, Benjamin Kingman,
Nathan Jones, and Charles & Azra Keith at The Plains (Cam-
pello). Markets were nearby owing to lack of transportation
facilities. "The Keiths, the Packards, and the Leaches" have
built up the City of Brockton — wrote Seth Bryant, who on his
own voucher knew all the shoe dealers since 1800 at least through
a period of seventy-one years. According to that authority, more
shoes were made in the Second Congressional District than in
any other in the United States.
"Brockton is not the home of small plants" (Isaac H. Bailey,
article C, Vol. I, "New England States," William T. Davis,
Editor). Yet in the beginning this was not true. Little shops in
many yards suggested a winter trade to fill the time and supple-
ment the fish and farm of summer. Shoes were "given out" 100
pair at a time to "tit and make" and were kept thirty days to two
months. Fitting the upper to the last, with lapstone and hammer,
pounding the wet sole, fastening with nails, pegging sole and
inner sole together — constituted the major processes. In 1837,
North Bridgewater produced 79,000 pairs of boots and 22,300
pairs of shoes and employed 1,125 "hands." Then began the
enlargement which today shows thirty thousand workers in sixty
factories. George W. Bryant and Daniel S. Howard (1848-1888)
were pioneers, as were Charles R. Ford, Martin L. Keith, Enos
H. Reynolds, and others. In the early '60's, Peleg S. Leach
engaged in business in a shop on the site of the present Police
Station and later had large factories on Crescent and West Elm
Streets. In 1865, 103,066 pairs of boots and over a million pairs
of shoes were made. The increase over 1837 was of course due
in a large measure to the sewing-machine. Readiness to adopt
new methods and machinery seems to have characterized the
town. A. & A. B. Keith were prominent in this respect, as were
the Thayers, Samuel Herrod and George Stevens.
In 1870, William L. Douglas came from Plymouth and for
some years was foreman for Porter and Southworth. With a
capital of $875, he opened a factory for himself in 1876. Preston
B. Keith had started five years before and M. A. Packard began
manufacturing in 1877. The late George E. Keith commenced
his notable career in 1868 in company with William S. South-
worth and in 1870 opened a shop on his own behalf. Daniel W.
Field entered the employ of D. S. Howard in 1876. And it
should be stated, as one recognizes the general amicable relations
in so large an industrial center as the Brockton of today, that
from the beginning of the Town a very considerable group of
manufacturers has either come up from the bench or has had
close associations with the mechanical end of the business. The
number of cases shipped from Brockton in 1876 was 142,010.
In 1919, the value had become by war needs and prices, $146,-
378,500. Even in the pre-war year of 1915, it was sixty millions.
Now great plants with every modern facility are taking the place
of the old-fashioned home-shops. Resourcefulness and versatil-
ity, as well as a reputation for reliable goods, have brought this
When William Cullen Bryant re-visited the community in
which he had lived while completing his law studies (pp. 39-43 ),
he wrote: "The whole place resounds, rather rattles, with the
machinery of shoeshops, which turn out millions of shoes, not
one of which I am told is sold in the place." The last statement
would be hardly true today, though the output is even more
widely distributed than fifty years ago. The City has developed
a great trading center. A writer on the shoe industry raises the
question, "Are we nearing the end of the growth which may
safely be built on one great industry?" ( Seth Bryant.) When
one takes into account the commercial importance of Brockton,
the problem assumes a different aspect. In addition to the fac-
tories for shoes and the thirty or more accessory shops, Brockton
has so expanded its life that it ministers largely to a cordon of
surrounding towns. Ten banks are further vouchers for thrift.
It has often been observed that in great shoe towns education
is above the average. Schools, libraries and neighborhoods so
testify. "Peaceful and lawabiding (so Bailey) they live in and
for each other." This picture — so far as it described the City,
is drawn from two interesting facts : Brockton had an annual
No-License record covering a period of thirty years. Further
the Community has learned the Better Way of settling disputes.
In her industrial life, labor has been carefully studied from many
angles. Each side has recognized the point of view of the
other. They have seen that through conciliation and arbitration
they could as well serve their own ends. This is among the high
gifts of Brockton to the country.
A United States Bulletin for 1915 entitled "Boot and Shoe
Industry in Massachusetts, a Vocation for Women," has these
interesting comments : "Brockton shows civic interest and a
degree of prosperity. There is little absenteeism on the part of
factory owners whose families have, in some cases, been in the
shoe business for a century. The factory draws the immigrant
and, if not inefficient, keeps him. Employees own 90% of the
homes in Brockton.
Courtesy of the William Cullen Bryant Memorial Association.
THE BRYANT HOMESTEAD, BROCKTON.
BRYANT AND BROCKTON
The Heritage Upon Which Was Built The Pageant Episode
It is most desirable to cherish the traditions of one's own City.
Whatever can be related as fact, that adds glory to the community,
should be preserved. For two years the Editor had a vision of
a Pageant centralized in our beginnings as a separate town and
in the personality and youthful poetry of William Cullen Bryant.
So far as the composition of some of the more notable poems
of that era is concerned, this desire and gleam fade before the
conclusions of critical scholars. We are not able to claim all
that Bryant lovers and home-lovers had hoped. The matter under
consideration has been somewhat extensively studied and the
results of that research are here given. It will be noted, however,
that the Poet who leads our American galaxy in point of time,
was easily included in the June observance.
Bryant was born November 3, 1794, at Cummington in this
State. Local tradition still holds tenaciously to the story that the
House bearing the Bryant tablet at 815 Belmont Street, was
his own birthplace. This was, however, the home of his grand-
father, Dr. Philip, and there his father, Dr. Peter Bryant, was
born, August 12, 1767. The poet's mother was Sarah Snell,
daughter of Ebenezer, who was also born in this Town. Both
were readers and lovers of Poetry. Of his father, Bryant said
that he "delighted in poetry ... he wrote verses himself." As
a first claim for our community, we note his parents and the fact
that the Poet received no small measure of encouragement and
some degree of inheritance of his own rare gifts from North
Late in life Mr. Bryant began an autobiography which, had
he continued, would have been an invaluable original source of
information on certain disputed points. But for reasons not
quite clear to his biographers, the attempt was broken at a stage
critical for authoritative data concerning his greatest work"Thana-
topsis." "Undoubtedly it was to that poem," says William Aspin-
wall Bradley (Macmillan Company, 1905), "he had been leading
up in his account of the literary influences to which he was sub-
jected at this period," that is, early youth. Most reviewers con-
clude that he ceased his narrative because of the uncertainty of
the facts as they appeared in retrospect.
Our second claim for the Centennial was one of residence.
For in June, 1814, Bryant came to Bridgewater to continue law
studies with William Baylies of West Bridgewater, "a well-in-
structed jurist and a gentleman of cultivation and noble personal
traits" ( Parke Godwin — the Poet's Son-in-law — in Life of Bry-
ant, D. Appleton, 1883). Mr. Godwin notes, "It was a larger
town than any he had yet lived in . . . conditions of intellectual
life were ample." During this period, a little more than a year,
he lived with his paternal grandfather, Dr. Philip Bryant, in the
House bearing the tablet. He rode daily to Mr. Baylies' office
on horseback. Passing his preliminary examination in August,
1814, he was admitted to the bar at Plymouth a year later.
Our third claim is in poetry : As regards rr Thanatopsis,*'Richard
Henry Stoddard, eminent student, in Memorial Edition of the
Nczv York Sun following the Poet's death, wrote: "I cannot
fix the date nor the place where it was composed." He concludes
from evidence available that it was written shortly after Bryant's
18th year. This is the conclusion of Charles Dudley Warner,
writer and critic. His most intimate biographer, Mr. Godwin,
tells us (pp. 149-152) that while the Poet was at Bridgewater
his father had found the manuscript of"Thanatopsis"in his own
desk, where the son had placed it ; that it was not published until
September, 1817 (North American Review). This was after
the poet had moved to Great Barrington and on the occasion of
a request for contributions which he had not heeded but to which
Dr. Peter responded, sending the editors such copy as he had
before discovered. Godwin adds : "Whether this was the first
intimation that the younger Bryant received of the uses that had
been made of his poems we cannot new tell." But all this would
seem to separate North Bridgewater from the composition of
what has been characterized as "the most remarkable poem ever
written by a young man." Bradley, before quoted, writes that
Mr. Bryant "finally accepted it as his own belief that Thanatop-
sis was written at Cummington in the autumn of 1811," p. 28.
Yet there were poems written in Bridgewater by William Cullen
Bryant. At least three such are on record. In spite of the state-
ment made by one biographer that "he missed his old surroundings
and found nothing in the flat and rather tame landscape to stir
his sensibilities," he had personal experiences and responded to
the call of occasions. The poems are (1) "The Ode of the Fourth
of July, 1814," beginning:
"Well have ye fought, ye friends of man,
Well was your valor shown;
The grateful nations breathe from war,
The Tyrant lies o'erthrown."
(2) "Ode to Death," composed after recovering from illness which
had compelled return to Cummington, and having these opening
"O Thou whom the world dreadeth ! Art thou nigh
To thy pale Kingdom, Death, to summon me?
While life's scarce tasted cup yet charms my eye,
And yet my youthful blood is dancing free" ;
(3) "To a Friend on His Marriage" (Parke Godwin, p. 152) :
"O'er Coke's black-letter page
Trimming the lamp at eve, 'tis mine to pore
Well pleased to see the venerable sage
Unlock his treasured wealth of legal lore."
This is highly suggestive of an atmosphere removed from lit-
erary pursuits, but hardly prophetic when we recall that the
same year (1815) in which he was recognized as an attorney, he
adopted letters as his profession.
Except for the composition — the actual manual work — we may
include inspirational claims for the dainty verses of "The Yellow
Violet." Godwin tells us that it was written "just before leaving
Bridgewater, while on a visit to Cummington" so that we may
think that our own springtime in 1815 attuned his lyre:
"Oft' in the sunless April day.
Thy early smile has stayed my walk ;
But midst the gorgeous blooms of May.
I passed thee on thy humble stalk."
That this thought is wholly reasonable, the writer is assured by
a local authority upon the flora of the vicinity, who has seen this
now scarce blossom and is certain that in Bryant's day, and near
the old homestead, the flowers grew abundantly.
It may be well to state in the interest of information that beside
"Thanatopsis" two other well-known poems — sometimes attrib-
uted to his residence here — must be yielded to different times and
places: "To a Waterfowl" and "Inscription for the Entrance to
a Wood." The former, Mr. Godwin tells us (pp. 143-4), was
inspired by the poet's walk from Cummington to Plainfield, De-
cember 15, 1816, when he was prospecting for location as attorney.
That seven-mile exercise produced what Matthew Arnold re-
garded as the best "short poem in the English language." On
arrival at Plainfield, he wrote the lines. The "Inscription" was
written at Cummington, so records his son-in-law (p. 142), in
the forest before his father's house and first printed in 1817.
Fourth, from the angle of interest today, perhaps the most
important: William Cullen Bryant visited Brockton, August, 1874.
A little more than three months from the day that North Bridge-
water changed its name (May 5, 1874), the poet revisited the
scenes of his youth. In a letter to Dr. Orville Dewey, his pastor
and friend in New York City, he wrote under date of the 20th
of that month :
"I went last week with my brother John to Plymouth, where
I was admitted to the practise of law fifty-nine years ago. . . .
On our return, we stopped at North Bridgewater, where my
father and mother were born and there stumbled upon a Bryant,
'a solid' man of North Bridgewater, now called Brockton, who
took us to the house where my grandfather, Dr. Philip Bryant,
lived, and to the graveyard where he and his wife Silence, lie
buried beside my great grandparents. The whole place resounds,
rather rattles, with the machinery of shoeshops, which turn out
millions of shoes, not one of which, I am told, is sold in the
This is an important letter and suggested the one outstanding
relation of the Poet to the Pageant. Everyone at all acquainted
with his poems has seen the portrait of the man as he then ap-
peared. He died but four years later, June 12, 1878. The '"solid"
man to whom he refers was Henry L. Bryant, father of the late
Walter Copeland Bryant, who with Mrs. Bryant was peculiarly
interested in the preservation of the old Homestead. Mr. Bry-
ant Sr. was then in business with his brother, George E., at the
corner of Center Street, in a wooden structure well remembered
by many Brocktonians. The visit of the Poet is still recalled by
Miss Mary Jane Hayward, 19 Wales Avenue, at that time a clerk
in Mr. Bryant's store. Miss Hayward told the writer that the
Poet was, as so often represented, "tall, straight, handsome" in
his eighty years, with majestic white beard and sharp, shining eyes.
We are fortunate to have had these various links with so fine
a mind, so good a man. The Pageant gained a real distinction
in the representation made from these implications and facts of
the life of William Cullen Bryant.
WILLIAM L. GLEASON, Mayor 1918-1920
First Chairman of Centennial Committee
ORGANIZING THE CENTENNIAL
In April, 1919, the Editor of this Book called upon the Mayor
of Brockton, William L. Gleason, at City Hall, suggesting an
adequate observance of the One Hundredth Anniversary of the
Town of North Bridgewater, occurring in 1921. It was agreed
that the writer should embody this thought in an open letter. The
daily press readily supported the plan and on May 3rd both
papers printed the communication with fitting comment by the
Mayor, and appropriate editorials.
The original letter called for a "remembrance in suitable civic,
educational, industrial, commercial, and religious observance."
It suggested as a proper memorial, "the creation of a central park
or playground adequately representing Brockton's business ability,
leadership and artistic sense." The formal opening, October 28.
1921, of the Eldon Keith Field, for athletics, opposite the High
School, marked the realization of that idea. This memorial gift
by his father, the late George E. Keith, was a fulfilment of Eldon
Keith's own expressed desire for the youth of the City.
Mayor Gleason at once appointed a Committee on Organiza-
tion : from the Board of Aldermen, Joseph J. Lane, Leland W.
Snow (deceased), Frederick A. Mullins. To these, President
Roger Keith of the Common Council (later Mayor) added Coun-
cilmen Edward L. Perkins, Arthur M. Bonney (deceased), Wil-
liam D. Thomas, Philip J. Ryan, Herbert McGlone. The Com-
mittee was completed by the following Citizens Group, appointed
by the Mayor : Willard F. Jackson, City Planning Board ; Wil-
liam T. Shinnick, Commander Brockton Post American Legion;
George H. Leach of the George E. Keith Company and Chairman
of the local War Chest Fund; Merle S. Getchell, Headmaster
High School; Patrick J. O'Byrne, President of the Brockton
Joint Shoe Council and Rev. Warren P. Landers.
In September, 1919, this Committee after careful consideration
named a general Committee of One Hundred, representing the
City's varied interests and activities, which with later additions,
continued through the Centennial. This larger Committee met
at Public Library Hall, October 17, Mayor Gleason presiding.
Addresses outlining and emphasizing the possibilities of the cele-
bration were given by Frank H. Whitmore, librarian ; Mr. Get-
chell, Mr. Leach and John P. Meade, Deputy Commissioner of
Labor, and others. Superintendent of Schools John F. Scully,
sent a letter highly commending the Centennial. The beginnings
of a permanent organization were made. On November 15, the
General Committee met in open forum to receive practical sug-
gestions for the observance. Anticipating the publication of this
commemorative volume, Mr. Landers was designated Historian
of the Centennial.
The permanent organization effected, with such additions as
were later thought advisable, was as follows :
Centennial Officers and Committees
Chairman — His Honor The Mayor, William L. Gleason, 1919-
20; His Honor The Mayor, Roger Keith, 1921.
Honorary Chairmen — William L. Douglas, John J.Whipple,*
Charles Williamson, Emery M. Low, David W. Battles, Edward
H. Keith, John S. Kent, William H. Clifford, Harry C. Howard,
Charles M. Hickey, John S. Burbank, Stewart B. McLeod.
Secretary — Warren P. Landers.
Treasurer — Bernard Saxton.
Vice-Chairmen — C. Chester Eaton, Edward A. Gilmore, Fred
B. Howard, Frank E. Packard, Warren A. Reed, John F.
Executive Committee — His Honor The Mayor, Chairman ;
Adrian P. Cote, C. Chester Eaton, Merle S. Getchell, Edward
A. Gilmore, William L. Gleason, Charles P. Holland, PTed B.
Howard, Harold C. Keith, John S. Kent, Warren P. Landers,
George H. Leach, Warren A. Reed, Bernard Saxton, John F.
Scully, Herbert L. Tinkham, Frank H. Whitmore; representing
Brockon Agricultural Society: Fred F. Field, Harry C. Briggs,
Frank L. Crocker, Charles H. Pope, Edward M. Thompson;
representing the Municipal Finance Committee : William A. Bul-
livant, Elmer A. Egan, Benjamin A. Hastings, John Holmes,
Gerald Kelleher, Chester T. Swanson, William D. Thomas, War-
Centennial Mayor of Brockton
Chairman of Executive Committee
WARREN P. LANDERS
Secretary and Historian of the Brockton Centennial
Pageant Executive Committee — Frank H. Whitmore, Chair-
man ; Willard F. Jackson, Executive Secretary ; Joseph F. Reilly,
Corresponding Secretary; John N. Howard, Treasurer; William
A. Bullivant, Harry W. Flagg, Mrs. Suzanne Cary Gruver, War-
ren S. Keith, Warren P. Landers.
Educational and Exhibits Committee — John F. Scully, Chair-
man; George W. Alden, Stephen P. Alden, Miss Annie L. Burke,
Davis M. Debard, C. Chester Eaton, Frank L. Erskine, Charles
R. Hillberg, Edgar P. Howard, Patrick J. O'Byrne, Mrs. Fred
H. Packard, David Tyndall.
Finance Committee — George H. Leach, Chairman; William A.
Bullivant, Charles D. Nevins, John J. O'Reilly, Frank E. Pack-
ard, Lars Peterson, Bernard Saxton, William D. Thomas.
Office and Headquarters Committee — Charles P. Holland,
Chairman ; Joseph C. Crocker, Walter M. Dunbar, Robert C.
Fraser, Edward L. Perkins.
Pageant Committee — William T. Card, Chairman Pageant Book
Committee ; Mrs. Oscar F. Emery, Chairman Pageant Cast Com-
mittee ; Mrs. Merton F. Ellis, Chairman Pageant Costumes Com-
mittee ; Miss Mary E. Fish, Chairman Pageant Dancing Commit-
tee ; Harry C. Smith, Chairman Pageant Lighting Committee ;
Edgar P. Howard, Chairman Pageant Make-Up Committee ;
George Sawyer Dunham, Chairman Pageant Music Committee ;
Louis F. Eaton, Chairman Pageant Police. Public Safety and
Sanitation Committee ; LeBaron Atherton, Chairman Pageant
Properties Committee ; Adrian P. Cote. Chairman Pageant Pub-
licity Committee; Chester A. Hickman, Chairman Pageant Re-
hearsals Committee ; Emil Lagergren, Chairman Pageant Scenery
Committee ; Miss Harriette M. Perkins, Chairman Pageant Sing-
ing Committee; Harry C. Briggs, Chairman Pageant Stage Con-
struction and Grounds Committee; William B. Freeman, Chair-
man Pageant Stage Management Committee; Edward M. Thomp-
son, Chairman Pageant Tickets Committee .
Publicity Committee — Adrian P. Cote, Chairman; James H.
Burke, William D. Dwyer, Joseph A. Messier, Michael Moran,
Ralph G. Spaulding, Albert G. Smith.
Speakers and Guests Committee — John S. Kent, Chairman;
Frank S. Farnum, Edward Gilmore, John P. Meade, Walter
Sports Committee — Harold C. Keith, Chairman; Horace A.
Keith. A. F. Nelson, Daniel W. Packard, Charles M. Park, E.
Marion Roberts, Richard P. Whitman.
Sunday Committee — Merle S. Getchell, Chairman; Mrs. John
J. Brock, A. J. Freedman, Horace F. Holton.
General Committee — Michael Abraczinsky, George W. Alden,
Stephen P. Alden, LeBaron Atherton, Mrs. Lettie Kingsley Bar-
den. Frank R. Barnard, David W. Battles, Stanton F. Bourne,
Harry C. Briggs, Mrs. John J. Brock, Willianr A. Bullivant,
lohn S. Burbank, Miss Annie L. Burke, James H. Burke, L. M.
Churbuck. William H. Clifford, Constantine Condikey. Mrs. Es-
telle C. Copeland, John T. Corcoran, James Corey. Adrian P.
Cote, Thomas F. Crawford. Frank L. Crocker, Oscar C. Davis,
Davis M. Debard, William L. Douglas, William E. Doyle, Fred
Drew. Walter M. Dunbar, George Sawyer Dunham, William D.
Dwyer, C. Chester Eaton, Louis F. Eaton. Elmer A. Egan, Mrs.
Oscar F. Emery, Frank L. Erskine, Frank S. Farnum, Fred F.
Field, Fred F. Field, Jr., Miss Mary E. Fish, Harry W. Flagg,
Robert C. Fraser, A. J. Freedman, William B. Freeman. Merle
S. Getchell. Edward Gilmore, William L. Gleason, Mrs. Suzanne
Cary Gruver, Walter B. Hall, Benjamin A. Hastings, Charles M.
Hickey. Chester A. Hickman, Charles R. Hillberg, Fred S. Hilton,
William A. Hogan, Charles P. Holland, John Holmes, Horace F.
Holton, George E. Horton, Edgar P. Howard. Fred B. Howard.
Harry C. Howard. John N. Howard, Alexander Hutchinson,
Willard F. Jackson. Walter E. Johnson, Thomas F. Keefe, Ed-
ward 11. Keith, Harold C. Keith, Horace A. Keith, Roger Keith,
Warren S. Keith. Gerald Kelleher, John S. Kent, Isaac S. Kibrick.
Bartholomew F. Killilea. Mrs. Jennie Kovner, Emil Lagergren,
Charles T. Laird, Warren P. Landers. Joseph J. Lane. George H.
Leach, Emery M. Low. Hector E. Lynch. Jr., William G. McGlin-
chev. Herbert McGlone, Clarence A. McLaughlin. Stewart B.
McLeod, John P. Meade. Joseph A. Messier, Charles E. Moore,
GEORGE H. LEACH
Chairman Finance Committee, Member of Executive and Book Committees
JOHN N. HOWARD
Treasurer, Pageant Committee
Michael Moran, Allan C. Morrison, Harold G. Morse, Frederick
J. Mullins, A. F. Nelson, Charles D. Nevins, Carl Norton, Pat-
rick J. O'Byrne, John L. O'Reilly, Ernest Onelette, Daniel W.
Packard, Frank E. Packard, Mrs. Fred H. Packard, Charles M.
Park, Henry F. Parker, Ralph G. Paulding, Edward L. Perkins,
Miss Harriette M. Perkins, Lars Peterson, Charles H. Pope,
Walter Pratt, John I. RacklirTe, Clarence L. Randall, Walter
Rapp, Warren A. Reed, Joseph F. Reilly, Horace Richmond,
E. Marion Roberts, Henry Rubin, Philip J. Ryan, Bernard Sax-
ton, William H. Scanlon, Bruno E. Schwartz, John F. Scully,
John J. Sheehan, William T. Shinnick, Albert G. Smith, C. R.
Storey, Chester T. Swanson, E. Eugene Thayer, William D.
Thomas, Edward M. Thompson, Herbert L. Tinkham, Warren
Tirrell, Mrs. Warren Tirrell, Frank A. Tonis, Joseph C. Tongas,
David Tyndall, John P. Unes, John J. Whipple,* Richard P.
Whitman, Frank H. Whitmore, Alfred H. Wilbur, Harry H.
Williams, Joseph L. Williams, Charles Williamson, Max E.
Wind, Miss Ruth A. W'oodward, E. J. Zuris.
PROGRAM AND BUDGET
Upon its appointment in October, 1919, the Executive Com-
mittee carried forward the detail upon the basis of the following
provisional program: Sunday, June 12, 1921: Suitable obser-
vance in the Churches. Monday (Old Home Day), extending
through the week : Educational and historical exhibits. Tues-
day : Fraternal and social functions by Clubs and Lodges. Wed-
nesday, June 15: The exact anniversary of the Centennial of
the Incorporation of the Town of North Bridgewater out of
which Brockton has grown — evening Pageant at the Fair Grounds.
Thursday evening : Pageant. Friday : High School Commence-
ment ; other school programs and reunions. Saturday : Free out-
of-door sports in various parts of the City; evening, High School
Alumni dance. Beginning May 3rd of Centennial Year, the
Executive Committee held meetings each Tuesday in the Mayor's
office, hearing reports and directly concerning itself with the
success of the Event.
fill id.™ A. B
Representing MUNICIPAL FINANCE COMMITTEE,
Alderman. Ward 7.
Councilman, Ward 4. President. Common Council Councilman. Ward 2.
Councilman, Ward 3. Ward 1. Councilman. Ward 3.
The history of the financial side of the Centennial is here sum-
marized. Early in 1920, the City Government appropriated in
its Budget $300 for incidental expenses in the preliminary ar-
rangements. This was all that was requested, and of that amount
only about $75 was expended, chiefly in the Secretary's depart-
ment. For the Centennial detail, the Finance Committee, George
H. Leach, Chairman, presented a carefully prepared budget upon
the basis of which the municipal administration of 1921, Roger
Keith, Mayor, passed an appropriation of $10,000. The Budget
was as follows :
Pageant Committee, Frank H. Whitmore, Chairman $8,000.00
Sunday Committee, Merle S. Getchell, Chairman 500.00
Publicity Committee, Adrian P. Cote, Chairman 1,000.00
Sports Committee, Harold C. Keith, Chairman 500.00
Educational and Exhibits Committee, John F. Scully,
Office and Headquarters Committee, Charles P. Hol-
land, Chairman 1 , 1 1 5.00
Speakers Committee, John S. Kent, Chairman 100.00
Finance Committee, George H. Leach, Chairman 0.00
Retail Bureau, Chamber of Commerce, William R.
Cook, Chairman 500.00
The Budget adopted by the Pageant Committee appears upon
page — , in connection with the Story of the Pageant. All
expenditures were made by City Treasurer's checks on proper
vouchers approved by Committee Chairmen and the Finance
Committee. For detail of actual cost and receipts in full for
this memorable observance, the reader is referred to the state-
ments printed following the final Program of the Week.
THE FORMAL OPENING— SUNDAY, JUNE 12TH
In keeping with the history of New England town foundings,
the Centennial opened with divine worship, Sunday morning.
There were large congregations in all Churches. Ministers and
people co-operated to make the hour memorable in recognition
of Providence, in a note of gratitude, and in the emphasis upon
the moral and religious forces which have made Brockton.
The Committee in charge of the Day: Merle S. Getchell, Mrs.
[ohn ]. Brock, Ahram J. Freedman, Rev. Horace F. Holton, IX
1).. presented the Churches with an attractive uniform Order of
Service which was generally used throughout the City. Its
artistic cover was designed by Charles R. Knapp, teacher at the
\N ORDER OF DIVINE WORSHIP
FOR CENTENNIAL SUNDAY
Tin-: Organ Prelude
A Hymn of Praise. "O Worship the King." Tune Hanover
The Invocation by the Minister, the people remaining- standing.
Almighty God, our Lord and Father, who from of old hast
caused thy people to live in communities, and who hast brought
us together to dwell in this pleasant place, grant we beseech
Thee the inspiration and the guidance of Thy Holy Spirit, as
we begin this day the observance oi the Centennial of our city's
founding. Summon us by the memories of the past, to resolve
to make the future great.
Tm-: Lord's Prayer by all the people.
The First Scripture Lesson. A Responsive Service.
The Minister — 1 was glad when they said unto me. Let us go
into the house of the Lord.
The People — Our feet shall stand within thy gates, Jerusalem.
The Minister — Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: they shall
prosper that love thee.
The People — Peaee he within thy walls, and prosperity within
The Minister — For my brethren and companions' sakes, I will
now say. Peace be within thee.
MERLE S. GETCHELL
Member of Executive and Chairman of Sunday Committee
Except" Jbe Lord x
Keep the Citr-^j*
Bff in uaiv\ -^jts?
.SUNDAY JUNE 12
i , -r Te
Uniform Order of Worship, Drawn by Charles R. Knapp
The People — Because of the house of the Lord our God I zvill
seek thy good.
The Minister — They that trust in the Lord shall be as Mount
Zion, which cannot be removed, but abideth forever.
The People — As the mountains are round about Jerusalem, so
the Lord is round about his people.
The Minister — -For the rod of the wicked shall not rest upon the
lot of the righteous; lest the righteous put forth their hands
The People — Do good Lord, unto those that be good, and to
them that are upright in their hearts.
The Minister — And I hear a great voice out of heaven saying,
Minister and People, All — Behold the tabernacle of God is with
men, and He zvill dwell with them and they shall be His peo-
ple and God Himself shall be with than and be their God.
The Second Scripture Lesson
A Hymn — "Our God our help in ages past" Tune St. Anne
The Morning Prayer, Including the "Prayer for Our City,"
A Response by the Choir
The Reception of the Morning Offering
The Offertory by the Choir
A Hymn — "Faith of our fathers" Tune St. Catherine
HORACE F. HOLTON, D. D.
Member of Sunday Committee, Compiler Uniform Order of Worship
A Closing Hymn. — The Brockton Centennial Hymn.
("Hark, Ten Thousand Harps and Voices")
Come, ye loyal sons of Brockton,
Tell the tale with joyful lays;
Sing the earnest faith and effort
Leading to these "Memory Days."
Looking backward down the years,
Can we help but give God praise ?
Allelulia,— Allelulia,— Allelulia,—
Country village, infant city ;
Onward, upward, lead the pace
Till one hundred years have measured
What they held of strength and grace.
Sturdy forebears, striving on.
We with pride your history trace.
Allelulia,— Allelulia,— Allelulia,—
Let us honor those who built you,
Made you, city that we know ;
Native born or since adopted,
Station high or station low,
All have builded who have striven ;
We now reap what they did sow.
Allelulia,— Allelulia,— Allelulia,—
Thus one hundred years have vanished —
Save to memory, lost to view ;
What shall be the message left us.
When Centennial passes too ?
—Effort ; courage ; strength ; and will ;
Brockton's sons by faith renew.
Allelulia,— Allelulia,— Allelulia,—
— Arthur L. Atzvood.
A Final Service of Prayer. Minister and the People
Grant, O Lord, that we may never forget that we are the
citizens of no mean city, nor may we be ever unmindful that
it can truly prosper only as we are dominated by the ideals of
true religion, expressed in our daily lives by acts of justice,
righteousness and good will. To this end help us now, and in
the years to come, build strong and sure the Church of our God
in the heart of our city.
The Choir — "Amen"
The Organ Postlude
THE BROCKTON CHURCHES— JUNE. 1921
1737 — First Parish Congregational Church.
Without a minister.
1827 — The New Jerusalem Church.
Rev. Russell Eaton, Minister.
1830 — Pearl Street Methodist Episcopal Church.
Rev. John S. Bridgford, Minister.
1837 — South Congregational Church.
Rev. Seeley K. Tompkins, Minister.
1842 — Central Methodist Episcopal Church.
Rev. Joseph Cooper, Minister.
1850 — Porter Congregational Church.
Rev. Horace F. Holton, Minister.
1856 — St. Patrick's Catholic Church.
• Very Rev. Bartholomew F. Killilea, Pastor.
1858 — First Universalist Church.
Rev. George Wilson Scudder, Minister.
1867 — First Swedish Ev. Lutheran Church.
Rev. Peter Froeberg, Minister.
1868 — St. Paul's Episcopal Church.
Rev. David B. Matthews, Rector.
1876 — First Baptist Church.
Rev. James Holmes, Minister.
1878 — Swedish Congregational Church.
Rev. Axel Bergstedt, Minister.
1879 — South Street Methodist Episcopal.
Rev. George Elmer Mossman, Minister.
1881— Unity Church.
Rev. Samuel B. Nobbs, Minister.
1883 — Swedish Baptist Church.
Rev. A. Alfred Engdahl, Minister.
1884 — Wales Ave. Baptist Church.
Rev. L. M. Olmstead, Minister.
1886— North Baptist Church.
Rev. F. W. French, Minister.
1887 — Advent Christian Church.
Rev. James McLaughlin, Minister.
1887 — Warren Ave. Baptist Church.
1889— Franklin Methodist Church.
Rev. Charles H. VanNatter, Minister.
1890 — Swedish Methodist Episcopal Church.
Rev. G. Setterstrom, Minister.
1893— Olivet Memorial C. and M. Alliance.
Rev. F. L. Allen, Minister.
1893 — Sacred Heart Catholic Church.
Rev. Victor Choquette, Pastor.
1896 — Waldo Congregational Church.
Rev. Charles M. Crooks, Minister.
1896 — St. Edward's Catholic Church.
Rev. T. F. Brannan, Pastor.
1897— Messiah Baptist Church.
Rev. Benjamin G. Brawley, Minister.
1897 — Lincoln Congregational Church.
Rev. Martin C. Jennings, Minister.
1897 — Wendell Avenue Congregational Church.
Rev. Alvin P. Cummins, Minister.
1898— First Church of Christ, Scientist.
Mrs. Gertrude Tilden Thompson, First Reader.
1890 — United Presbyterian Church.
Rev. Samuel A. Jackson, Minister.
1900 — Agudas Achim Synagogue.
Rabbi A. S. Borvick.
L902- Si. Margaret's Catholic Church.
Rev. Alexander Hamilton, Pastor.
1903— St. Rocco's Catholic Church.
Rev. John Svagsdz, Pastor.
1910 — St. Colman's Catholic Church.
Rev. William J. Fennessy, Pastor.
1^11 — Anshe Svard Synagogue.
Rabbi A. S. Borvick.
1914 — Our Lady of Ostrabrama Catholic Church.
Rev. Ignatius E. Limont, Pastor.
1016 — Greek ( )rthodox Catholic Church.
Rev. George Gazetas. Pastor.
1920— Martland Ave. Baptist Church.
Rev. E. W. Mitchell, Minister.
CENTENNIAL SUNDAY PULPIT MESSAGES
Space will not permit more than a brief abstract from the
excellent discourses of the Day. It was evident that much
thought had been given to the Anniversary, and the preachers
readily rose to the great occasion.
The First Parish Congregational Church
"There is something greater than teams and regiments which
blaze their way through one season, one war, one generation, and
that is the regiment that lights on from generation to generation,
holds a common purpose with all that has been and all that is to
be great ; is comrade with all the hue free hearts of the centuries.
the church of Jesus Christ.
"But the church, a Congregational church, an old Congrega-
tional church! Isn't it rather out of the glow and movement of
things today, a thinking church in an age when people just want
to play? A self-responsible church in an age when people leave
even the souls of their children to the public schools and the
movies and look to government and the labor union to make the
Kingdom of Heaven?
"The world says the church alone can save society and then
insists the church shall stand for nothing society doesn't like.
The world wants the church's saving qualities, but demands that
the church become deliquescent, liquidate, and have no saving
qualities. If the church is narrow-minded, so is a board of
health. We are satisfied that the one way rum can be handled
is by prohibition. Narrow-minded ! So is a mother and the more
narrow-minded she is the better mother she is. The Wall Street
Journal, Roger Babson. the cabinet minister, do not mean the
'church' when they say the church alone can save society. Cer-
tainly they do not mean this timid thing that is split up into 240
different camps. They mean Jesus Christ. It is God who is
going to save the world."
— The Rev. J. Lee Mitchell, Attleboro.
The Porter Congregational Church
"What Brockton needs for the future is the right sort of folks
for her citizenship. It is more and better religion that Brockton
needs. This religion must not be the religion of individualism,
which, in its emphasis, doctrines, ceremonies and governments,
divides men into opposing ecclesiastical camps. It must be the
religion that solidifies men, that emphasizes the great social re-
quirements of religion, righteousness, justice and brotherliness. A
religion that knows no creed nor caste nor race in the great family
of God, and in the glorious commonwealth of the souls of men.
"And the manifestation of the spirit of true religion which we
must have will come in the spirit of victorious faith. Faith in
ourselves, faith in our institutions, faith in our city and in her
future, a faith that every citizen will back with all the energy
and money and influence which he has. We must have the faith
that can look down through the years and see a richer, happier
Brockton, filled with enthusiastic loyal citizens all working to-
gether for the good of all in the spirit of the Master, and then
will set out resolutely to realize the dream :
" 'That sees beyond the years
An alabaster city gleam
Undimmed by human tears.' '
—The Rev. Horace F. Holton, D.D., Pastor.
The South Congregational Church
Emphasizing the fact that the town was builded upon a reli-
gious Christian foundation, the first settlers being gathered into
one religious community, Rev. Seeley K. Tompkins, D.D., Pastor,
outlined the growth of the City, the building of Churches and the
succeeding expansion of a Century.
He compared the development of Brockton with that of the
West. During the gold strikes, communities were established
with gold as the objective and inspiring factor. The churches
appeared later in their history, to instruct the people in the
manner of living.
The speaker expressed the hope that evidences of greater pros-
perity would mark the second century of the City's life. He
urged the congregation to a finer displa}' of faith in God, to a
The First Baptist Church
The evening sermon was an appreciation of the City from ex-
perience covering four years.
"Brockton can be well proud of its large number of Christian
business men, the splendid co-operation of the press, with all
religious activities destined to bring good to the municipality, the
wonderful Christian work accomplished by the Visiting Nurse
Association and local hospitals, and the Christian fellowship and
brotherhood found among the ministers and churches.
"There has never been a city equal or bigger in size where I
have found such a large number of public-spirited noble Christian
citizens, nearly all of whom are tied up with some active church
or community work for Christian advancement. The rising
generation can look back with pride upon the present business
men whose ability to make money and the money itself is turned
into Christian channels to promote Christian enterprises.
"Thanks to the newspapers, the ministers do not preach to small
— The Rev. James Holmes, Pastor.
St. Paul's Episcopal Church
The Rector described Brockton as : "A very progressive city, a
desirable place to live in. It is the largest shoe city in the world
and has beautiful churches, fine school houses, with largest High
school in this part of the country, a splendid library, a great
Y. M. C. A. and Y. W. C. A., a very efficient fire department,
a very able police force, enterprising and well-edited news-
papers, playgrounds and other civic attractions. All denote prog-
ress and enterprise and speak well for the caliber of the men who
have contributed of their time, thought, labor and money to make
the first 100 years of this city count for so much prosperity."
He added that it was the mission of the church to assist, where
possible, in beautifying the city in appearance as well as purifying
it from evil agencies, making the city a place of beauty and a
place of helpfulness and purity.
— The Rev. David B. Matthews. S.T.D.. Rector.
The Central Methodist Church
"Social life is to be undergirded by moral considerations. How
can we build our City of Truth? 'We are to be true to the good
men who laid the foundations of the city. Loyalty to those who
have labored and suffered in the past constitutes a fine element of
citizenship. We should be true to the neighborly feeling that
seeks the good of all. In a city of this size, we become known
to each other. Civic virtue should incline us to social helpfulness.
Love of city should lead us to seek the good of all its citizens.
"We should be true to the best things in the life of the city
for the sake of example and influence. A good citizen is a moral
asset of immeasurable value. In the city, life is jammed together
and our personal influence is correspondingly large. We should
be true to the things that make our future secure. To education,
which should be free, broad, ethical, and practical ; to law, which
should have from all of us respect and obedience. We must be
true to religion, the life and power of all that is truest and best
in the world or the future. From that source of highest good
may arise the spirit and power of the finest citizenship."
— The Rev. Joseph Cooper, Pastor.
The Pearl Street Methodist Church
"Are we God-fearing and God-serving citizens? Surely a
question of grave importance asked in all relations to human life.
Oh, how much we are dependent upon God for the advancement
of city civilization and advantages ! Yet as in the old city of
Enoch, there exists in ours of today much opposition to God,
higher humanity and good citizenship.
"When an individual neglects his God, his church, he takes
away a factor for city improvement. The great problem of the
day is to make a God-fearing and serving environment. Our
prosperity is based on qualities of faith, temperance, service and
thrift, the products of religious life. Personal righteousness must
enter into city life. We must study civic problems."
— The Rev. John S. B rid g ford, D.D., Pastor.
The Church of the New Jerusalem
The Pastor stated that years ago people went to church whether
they wanted to or not, but that today people follow their own
inclinations. Although there seems to be a falling away from
church attendance, he was optimistic in regard to the matter, say-
ing that the natural desire to go to church would come back to the
masses of the people, in time. He also said that while children
must be made to go to church and Sunday school, the real
Christian spirit in the heart of man should not be forced, but
must come from a natural desire. He urged that* this desire in
the hearts of the people of Brockton be encouraged.
— The Rev. Russell Eaton, Pastor.
The Church of the Unity.
The Minister commended the work of the city and spoke of
the high morals which prevail. He commented on the fact that
so many people owned their own homes. He hoped the time
would come when we might have a religion of America, not one
brought across the water. He expressed the hope that before the
next hundred years should elapse, it would be possible to attend
a church service which could be enjoyed without passing a
number of perfectly good churches because one could not believe
in them. The word picture was of a religion of America such
as all might enjoy, though not accepting it in all particulars, and
he expressed the hope that labor disagreements and industrial
misunderstandings might soon be a thing of the past. The
theme was "You will confer the greatest benefits on your city,
not by raising its roof, but by exalting its souls."
— The Rev. Samuel B. Nobbs, Pastor.
The Uxiversalist Church
"We have learned to work together with a good degree of
Christian brotherliness, and have developed a commendable civic
morale. We must continue and improve upon the policies of
the past that have made us a great city. We should keep before
us the goal of an ideal city. One of the most important things
is to continue to place the emphasis on the church first. The
teachings of religion have nurtured all that is noblest and best
in the lives of the citizens of Brockton and have been the chief
factor in developing the moral fiber of our people. If we are
to conserve our city and build it greater, we must look sharply
to the development of our home life.
We have learned many lessons in working together. We have
built up a world-wide reputation as leaders in adjusting industrial
conditions on a fair basis. Brockton has become famous for the
practice of arbitration and it is our privilege to carry that great
Christian principle of the fair deal forward to the highest point.
Another thing which will make for the greatness of our city is
to improve our recreation facilities that we may learn to play
together and become better acquainted. We ought to seek to
make a wise use of our leisure time by making the most of our
opportunities for recreation and true neighborliness and breaking
down barriers of class or race or creed.
— The Rev. George Wilson Scudder, Pastor.
Other Church Topics
"Making the City Glad" — The Rev. Martin C. Jennings, Lin-
"The Prosperity of the City" — Rabbi A. S. Bervick. Agudas
"A Sure Foundation" — The Rev. Benjamin Brawley, Messiah
"A Promise for Brockton" — The Rev. Samuel A. Jackson,
"The City of God" — The Rev. Peter Froeberg, D.D., Swedish
CONCERT AND COMMUNITY SING— SUNDAY
Following the morning exercises by the Churches, was a most
appropriate assembly at the Fair Grounds at 5 o'clock when 15,000
men, women and children formally opened the Centennial week.
The program planned by the Sunday Committee carried the
official warrant in the presence and message of His Honor, Mayor
Roger Keith, who read a Proclamation setting apart the week
of remembrance. Martland's Band of fifty pieces, Mace Gay,
conductor, and a huge chorus led by George Sawyer Dunham,
furnished music. In the singing of hymns and songs, the great
audience enthusiastically joined.
The following program was rendered :
March — "America Victorious" Bagley
Songs — "America" "Come, Thou Almighty King"
Selections by the Band —
From "Rigoletto" Verdi
Overture from "William Tell" Rossini
"The Stars and Stripes Forever" Sousa
Centennial Proclamation — Mayor Keith
^ "Whereas on June 15. 1921, the community known as the
City of Brockton will be 100 years old, and
"Whereas, hundreds of people are now enthusiastically ren-
dering service in order that this event may be suitably marked,
"Y\ hereas, our City with its usual spirit desires to com-
memorate as a whole this Anniversary,
"I do therefore set aside the week of June 12th to 18th for
fitting observation thereof, for the welcome of returning citi-
zens for the promotion of personal friendship, for the proper
climax to 100 years oi successful growth, for the first step in
our second century.
"May Almighty God continue to bless and prosper our City.
"Given under my hand and seal this seventh dav of Tune,
A. D., 1921."
Roger Keith, Mayor.
A Prayer for Our City — Written by Walter Rauschenbusch
Read by The Rev. Horace F. Holton, D.D.,
Pastor Porter Congregational Church
Singing — "Centennial Hymn" Written for the Anniversary
By Arthur L. Atwood, Brockton
"Battle Hymn of the Republic"
"Love's Old Sweet Song"
ADRIAN P. COTE
Member of the Executive, Chairman of Publicity Committee
Suite — "Don Quixote" Safranck
1 Spanish Milage
4 Don Quixote
"Old Folks at Home"
"There's a Long-, Long Trail"
Grand Selection by the Band —
Songs from The Old Folks Lake
The program concluding with a remarkable rendering of "The
Star Spangled Banner," by the audience and band.
(Centennial Hymn received award offered by Sunday Committee. Included in
Morning Order of Services, page 61.)
MONDAY: DECORATIONS AND EXHIBITS
The City presented a gala day appearance. In accord with the
suggestions of the Executive Committee, corporations and citi-
zens made lavish use of the colors. An appropriation of $500
was granted as encouragement to the merchants. The Official
Banner hung across Main Street, just north of Crescent, at-
tracted much attention. The Chamber of Commerce co-operated
in a unique way : numerous small evergreens in cement receptacles
were placed along the walks throughout the business section.
Among the notable decorations aside from public buildings, were
those of the Commercial Club. Fraternal houses, factories and
business blocks generally recognized the occasion and fairly
blossomed with flags, bunting and special designs. It is not too
much to say that never in Brockton's history has there been such
a genuine and unanimous desire to make the City attractive.
Early in the Centennial planning historic and memorial exhibits
were projected. The Chamber of Commerce, through the retail
Merchant's Bureau, William R. Cook, Chairman, undertook a
definite campaign for individual publicity in window and press
FRED E. HILTON
Secretary Chamber of Commerce, Member of General Committee
advertising, having a distinctive Centennial flavor. There was
an admirable response and the stores were rewarded by the
crowds which viewed their efforts.
Edgar P. Howard exhibited a collection of water color sketches
in the window of the millinery store of Miss Celia Burke. Among
them : "The First Shipment of Shoes from North Bridgewater,"
(1811) ; Mis' Jones' School with her Rewards of Merit; "Main
Street in 1837." One of the notable memorials was the desk
used by the Selectmen in drawing up papers creating the new
Town of North Bridgewater, in 1821.
Edison Electric Company gave prominent place to a portrait
of Mr. Edison (see p. 25) and pictures of its plants in this
At Brassard's Variety Store, 222 Court Street, were exhibited
by Charles S. W. Sanford, two photographs showing the First
Steam Fire Engine and first Hose Cart. The pictures were
taken at Perkins Park, 1876, the year of their commission. Am-
brose Kane & Co., Enterprise Building, showed sketches and
etchings of early North Bridgewater and Brockton. A variety
of old furniture, heirlooms and firearms were displayed in Wil-
son's Smoke Shop, Main Street. Storey & Co., Washburn Block,
made a most interesting exhibit of priceless gowns under the
title, "Fashion Show of the 1860 Period." Among them that
worn at her wedding by Mrs. Ellen K. Joslyn (Mrs. Elisha H.)
in 1857, and also the' wedding gown of Mrs. Georgietta A. Reed
(Mrs. William), 1874.
Wilson's Studio presented in its wall- window, a collection of
old photographs made by David T. Burrell, a pioneer in Brock-
ton. This group, gathered half a century ago, included a print
of the late George E. Keith. Plymouth County Trust Company
showed in two windows, the Old and New, pictures illustrating
the community through the middle and present periods of devel-
opment. Many of these were loaned by Frank E. Packard. The
photograph of the factory owned by Peleg S. Leach, standing
upon the present site of the Police Station, attracted much atten-
tion. One of the most instructive contributions to the educa-
tional side of the Celebration was made through the press : The
Times illustrating its issues with pictures of present public build-
ings and The Enterprise exhibiting a valuable series of old views
illustrating special articles. Glazier, photographer, showed a
picture of the Grover disaster of 1905.
At the Public Library, Mr. Whitmore and his associates ar-
ranged a unique exhibit of women's costumes from 1840 to the
present, made from fashion plates. In the Art room, many
photographs of Colonial furniture were shown. Fraser Dry
Goods Co. had an artistic display, centering in two shawls of ye
olde tyme. One is the property of Mrs. A. G. Waterman, date
of 1826 ; and the other, a Paisley, owned by Mrs. Silas Daven-
port, and belonging to the same period. Cook & Tyndall Co.
showed dress goods of 1848 and other interesting mementos.
Appropriately the collection of portraits of the principals of
the High School was completed and exhibited Centennial Week.
Headmaster Merle S. Getchell. seventh in the succession, was
responsible for the securing of this important contribution to local
educational history. The group includes: J. G. Leavitt. 1864-
1866; Alfred Laws. 1866-1868; Edward W. Rice, 1868-1869;
Alonzo Meserve. 1869-1870; Edward Parker, January. 1871-1906
as principal, afterward teacher of American history and principal
emeritus until October, 1914. when retired by law ; Charles T.
C. Whitcomb, 1906-1914.
Among the residences having special historical significance and
so indicated were the Bryant Homestead, Belmont Street (see
pp. 39-43 ), owned today by the William Cullen Bryant Asso-
ciation, and the house built in 1881 by former-Governor William
L. Douglas on West Elm Street, now occupied by Charles R.
Notable interest was taken in the Centennial by local banks:
Brockton National issued a gold souvenir medal carrying a design
symbolic of the progress of the city. These were widely distrib-
uted. Plymouth County Trust Company published a four-page
folder with views of Brockton and a historical and interpretive
THE PORTER MEMORIAL SERVICE
/;; Commemoration of the Ministry of the First Pastor,
The Reveren d John P orter, 1740-1800
While not originally a part of the Centennial observance as
planned by the Central Committee, the exercises held on Tuesday
afternoon, June 14, at the grave of the First Minister of the
North Parish of Bridgewater, readily became important in the
week's recognition of formative influences. The ceremonies were
held in the old First Parish Cemetery on Main Street nearly
opposite Grove, on the grounds lately acquired by a new corpora-
tion of descendents of Mr. Porter's contemporaries, for improve-
ment and perpetual care.
The exercises were in charge of The Rev. Warren P. Landers,
representing the First Parish, and The Rev. Horace F. Holton,
D.D., Minister of Porter Church. They were assisted by The
Rev. Seeley K. Tompkins, D.D., Minister of the South Congrega-
tional Church and a quartet consisting of Miss Theresa Sprague,
Miss Ellen Nelson, Louis Carroll and John R. Jones, singing
hymns of the period. During the exercises the chimes in the
First Parish tower played appropriately.
After a selection by the quartet and scripture reading from
Ecclesiasticus XLIV by Dr. Tompkins, prayer was offered by
Dr. Holton. On behalf of the Churches, a Memorial wreath was
then placed upon the headstone by Suzanne Cary Gruver and
Bertha Corliss Landers, of the Pilgrim Daughters of First Parish,
and Mrs. O. W. Adams and Mrs. William H. Thayer of the
United Workers of Porter Church.
The first address follows :
A Portrait of the First Minister of
By Rev. Warren P. Landers
Upon early 18th Century canvas it is my privilege to sketch
a portrait of the First Minister of the North Parish of Bridge-
John Porter was a native of Abington, our nearby neighbor
on the east, where he was born in 1716. His parents, Samuel
and Mary Porter, in accord with the godly habit of their genera-
tion, dedicated him to the gospel ministry. For that period of
New England history, Harvard College was the only considerable
center of education. There pious folk sent their sons. Graduates
were chiefly candidates for the sacred office, even as among
cultured people the clergy formed the leading class. At twenty,
John Porter had graduated. Records are not clear as to his life
for the next three years (1736-39), but we assume that, after
the manner of the times, he studied divinity with some leading
clergyman, fitting himself both for the polemic work in which
the pulpit of that day so much delighted and for the pastoral
service to which he later gave wisdom and zeal.
When he was twenty-three, Mr. Porter candidated for the
Fourth Church in Bridgewater. This Parish had been set apart
in 1739. Its meeting house, begun two years before, was not
finished till 1749. It occupied a site not far from the present
First Parish Congregational Church, whose chimes just rang
in beautiful cadence Wesley's hymn— "Jesus, Lover of My Soul,"
composed in the year of Mr. Porter's actual pastoral beginning
in this community. He was called to the Church August 25,
1740, and ordained to the Christian ministry the 15th of October
The edifice was a simple board structure without steeple, bell
or chimney. Warmth was supplied from the pulpit. Diamond-
shaped panes filled the windows. It was gradually completed
according to funds and the wishes of individual families. Pews
were erected by purchasers of floor space, as required. The
records show men's and women's galleries approached by separate
stairs, and also a distinct section for the few colored people of
Amidst such material conditions, in a straggling New England
village still under foreign control, Mr. Porter began his long
ministry of sixty years. "His qualifications, both natural and
acquired," quaintly wrote Bradford Kingman, "were peculiarly
respectable." His mind was alert. While not controversial as
many in his generation, he was an able defender of the Faith
as he received it, and for the period of stress through which the
Colonists passed in 76 and in succeeding years he manifested
a patriotic spirit which endeared him to the entire countryside.
Among the factors to which he himself attributed usefulness,
was his acquaintance, later ripening into friendship, with that
renowned spiritual leader, George Whitfield, who visited America
(1738) just prior to Mr. Porter's coming to the Parish and again
in 1744. On this last itinerary, the famous preacher came to
Boston. During the weeks following November 24th, Whitfield
preached "in the southern part of the province." It was then,
presumably, that he occupied the pulpit, whose minister we are
commemorating. Recalling the friendship of Whitfield for Wes-
ley, we can see how the forces of evangelical teaching moved upon
Mr. Porter and doubtless accounted for the revivals which were
later recalled in a historical address given in 1820 (Daniel Hun-
tington. 1812-33, First Church; 1840-53, South Church). There
Mr. Huntington says that in "six successive periods Mr. Porter
was gladdened by a powerful effusion of the Holy Spirit and
enlargement of the Church." Under such dispensation and with
the needs of the growing parish, a new meeting house was dedi-
cated in 1763. In his first sermon in the second edifice, the pastor
preached from the words: "The glory of this latter House shall
be greater than of the former" ( Haggai 11:9).
An illustration of his resourcefulness is in what Dr. Francis
E. Clark acknowledges to have been in spirit and practice a
true Christian Endeavor Society. Within two years of his begin-
ning here, he organized a reading and prayer circle among his
young people. One article provided for a roll-call and the over-
sight of absentees. In the interest of Christian training, Mr.
Porter later published an address, "The Evangelical Plan : An
Attempt to Form Right Notions and to Establish Them in the
Minds of People."
We sometimes think of old days in New England towns as
wholly quiet and peaceful. It is true that they were pastoral
in simplicity but there were years of stress in the life of the
State Men of this Parish furnished bone and sinew for military
expeditions during Mr. Porter's ministry-French and Indian
, ru^ R T ,Uti0n - Judging fr ° m the ro " of soldiei " s applied
by Old Bndgewater, we can justly infer that Mr. Porter's patri-
otic utterances fired zeal and kept unflagging the defence and
support ot the home-lines. An interesting side-light upon the
times as well indicating the spirit of this Minister, may be seen
m a homely event which took place on the birthday of Napoleon
Bonaparte, August 15, 1769. It was a famous donation party
and while it swelled the -180 pounds per year" agreed upon in
the 1/40 call, it served to distinguish alike the spirit of Parson
and People. Young women— ninety-seven in all— met at the
minister's house and presented Mrs. Porter for family uses
3,322 "knots" of linen, tow, cotton, and woolen yarn, which they
had spun tor that purpose. This was in the days of strong anti-
Bntish sentiment, and the presentation was intended to convey
that idea in the colonial products. After strictly home refresh-
ments, all repaired to the Church, where Mr. Porter preached on
Dorcas and her good works. The service closed with an original
hymn composed by the pastor.
This reference brings us to the family of the Early Minister
which was considerable and influential in its legacy to the Town
and State. Mr. Porter first married Olive Johnson of Canter-
bury, Connecticut, who with her child died in 1749. Later he
wedded Mary Huntington of Lebanon of that State, with whom
he lived for fifty years and to whose character and devotion he
owed much for success and reputation. She died November 22,
1801. There were eight children in this household. Three be-
came ministers: John, Huntington, and Eliphalet. The first
rose to rank of Major in the Revolutionary War. The others
served for fifty years with distinction in their father's calling.
A daughter, Mary, married a clergyman. Jonathan became a
surgeon and was lost at sea. David died in youth. Two other
daughters were Olive and Sybil.
Mr. Porter continued to serve the Church actively till 1800;
when in response to his request, the Parish gave him a colleague
in his labors. The pulpit privileges were divided still, for in
February, 1802, the aged clergyman preached from the text :
"I Must Work the Works of Him That Sent Me While It Is
Day." Three weeks later, March 12, 1802, he passed into the
land where is no night. Venerated in life and lamented in death,
today a grateful people recalls his virtues and deeds.
And so they brought him hither. Tenderly the Fathers laid
him in this place hallowed by many such occasions in his long
ministry. Here they wrote, as we. may read after a lapse of
more than a hundred years : THEY THAT BE WISE SHALL
SHINE AS THE BRIGHTNESS OF THE FIRMAMENT;
AND THEY THAT TURN MANY TO RIGHTEOUSNESS
AS THE STARS FOR EVER AND EVER. It is a gracious
thought that in our Centennial year this God's Acre is to be
renovated and beautified by the descendants of his office bearers
in that First Church to which this modern City owes so much
for strength and goodness.
May we be increasingly worthy of such a heritage. May the
Churches which perpetuate his memory give themselves to their
tasks in these commanding times with sincere and untiring devo-
tion. Refreshed by these Centennial Days may this community
be strengthened for its social, industrial and civic life.
The second address was in part as follows : — ■
The Influence of the Early New England Minister
By Rev. Horace F. Holt on, D.D.
It is well for us to come aside for an hour in this Centennial
Week, into this neglected old parish burying-ground. to lay a
wreath on the grave of the man who was the first minister in
this community. To my mind this cemetery is symbolic of the
forgetfulness that is in the minds of many New Englanders con-
cerning the most powerful influence that helped to shape the
character and destiny of this part of the United States, in which
we take such rightful pride.
New England owes her place of influence in this land of ours
to the sturdy men and women whom she reared on her rock-ribbed
farms, and in her quiet country villages, and then scattered all
over the land, to be leaders in industry, and to be examples of
integrity and righteousness. Those folks were moulded by the
home, the school and the church of those days. And all three
of these agencies were, in almost every community, dominated
and inspired by a single outstanding personality, the village min-
ister, of whom John Porter, the man whom we are here to honor,
was a faithful and consistent example.
A thoughtless age like ours is too apt to be satisfied with super-
ficial judgments. We recall the hard and often narrow aspects
of the characters of some of the New England divines, and we
read with amazement of their heated controversies over abstract
theological questions in which we are no longer interested. We
read of their strivings of soul, and of their doubts as to their
own salvation, and their gloomy discourses about hell, and we are
apt to conclude that they were kill-joys, frantically leading their
people into the barren pastures of bigotry. But a more careful
study of their lives reveals them as men of extraordinary charac-
ter. They were far better than their theology. The fact that
the most of them had pastorates lasting a lifetime is a revelation
of their human qualities. They went to a place and settled for
life among their people. They spent long hours in painstaking
study ; we read of some of them who made it a practice to be in
their studies from 14 to 16 hours every day. They were men of
real and intense personal devotion. They often had a very humble
idea of themselves but they always had a very exalted idea of their
Those were days when there were few if any newspapers, and
little communication with the outside world, and the minister was
the only college-educated man in his community. The result
was that he was looked up to by all. From him they received
their ideas about this world and the next. He was their guide in
government as well as in religion. It is not too' much to say that
the whole life of America has been shaped for good by these men
t o th e
vr-r if" U^&lj
^y§* .^ w*ii | i ,iL ] i?
v- j m
June 15-16, 1921
EXHIBITS - A^Me^ni? " SP0RTS
Drawn by Charles W. Holmes
of God, who, by their learning, their piety and their practical
wisdom led their people along the ways of God, and shaped their
lives according to the austere pattern which they found in their
The quartet sang "There is a Land of Pure Delight," and the
exercises closed with Benediction by Mr. Landers.
FRATERNAL NIGHT— TUESDAY, JUNE 14
The Centennial Committee made large provision for social
opportunity. It emphasized for the week Old Home features, but
Tuesday evening was set aside for special expression. Upwards
of a hundred Clubs and Lodges planned Open House Night. As
has been noted elsewhere, their advance guards came early to
North Bridgewater and have through the years been conspicuous
in their success. They have in general contributed to the social,
benevolent and civic life of the Community.
On Fraternal Night, many organizations presented carefully
prepared programs; some included historical addresses of special
value. One of the most notable gatherings was at the Commercial
Club where its waiting list of sixty were special guests. Presi-
dent J. Frank Beal introduced D. Brewer Eddy, one of the Secre-
taries of the American Board for Missions of Boston, as speaker.
The address was historical and inspirational, and stressed the
need of the preservation of the old ideals by industrial leaders
Dr. Ezra W. Clark made the principal address before the
Anchor Lodge, I. O. O. F., M. U., and the scarlet degree was
conferred on a large class of candidates. Refreshments were
served by a committee in charge of Harold E. Allen. There
were many special guests.
The Masonic event of the evening was at Paul Revere Hall,
where the exercises were in charge of John N. Howard, W. M.
Musical selections by the South Congregational quartet and
luncheon preceded the addresses. Former Mayor David W. Bat-
tles, a Past Master of the Lodge, traced the history of Masonry
in North Bridgewater since the dispensation organizing a lodge
in February, 1856. Warren P. Landers, Chaplain. Joseph Webb
Lodge, Boston, and of Baalis Sanford Lodge of this City, empha-
sized the spirit of brotherhood as the assurance arid safeguard
of the future.
An elaborate program was presented by Massasoit Lodge, Can-
ton Nemasket, Unity Encampment, and the four Rebekah Lodges
of Brockton, at Canton Hall. Nature dances, selections by the
orchestra, solos, readings, refreshments and the presentation of
a chair to Major Daniel W. Packard, were features of the
evening. Grand Lodge officers were in attendance.
The Knights of Pythias interpreted the spirit of the occasion :
Damocles Lodge met in the Temple where interesting exercises
were held including a Flag address (June 14) by the Rev. Joseph
Cooper of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Montello Lodge
entertained its auxiliary, Sabrina A. Frye Camp, and out-of-town
a brief address and greatly enjoyed an evening which also in-
cluded a musical entertainment.
Brockton Divisions of the Ancient Order of Hibernians kept
open house under direction of a committee at the head of which
was County President John J. Sheehan. Postmaster Edward
Gilmore gave a history of the organization and Mayor Keith
brought the greetings of the City.
Knights of Sherwood Forest (Brockton Conclave) entertained
visiting members, including Supreme Quartermaster General,
L. A. Main. Addresses and refreshments were enjoyed.
The Brockton Nest of Owls met in specially decorated quarters,
welcomed guests and listened to talks by Supreme Organizer
Robert Simpson and William D. Dwyer. There was a program
The Young Men's Hebrew Association held a social and re-
ceived Mayor Keith as guest. Interwoven with national colors
were the Zionist light blue and white decorations. A committee
of which Abraham Horowitz was chairman, served refreshments.
FRANK H. WHITMORE
Chairman of the Pageant Committee
Member of Executive and Book Committees
The Spanish War Veterans, Major James A. Frye Camp,
entertained its auxiliary, Sabrina A. Frye Camp, and out-of-town
guests. A banquet was served. Jeremiah E. Sullivan, past com-
mander, reviewed the history of North Bridgewater.
Shoe City Wheelmen observed the night at headquarters in
Clark's Block. Pictures of old-time cycle riders were exhibited
and a greeting received from A. H. Matson, first president of
the Club. Entertainment and refreshments were the order. Presi-
dent C. Arthur Lendh was toastmaster.
Club Nationale held a dancing party at headquarters on Court
Street. An orchestra of five pieces furnished music for one hun-
dred couples. Exhibition dances and a collation were features
of the evening.
The Young Men's Christian Association expanded the Night
idea and made its program cover the Day. Tennis, swimming
and checker championships and a "final" in a handball tourna-
ment, won by C. F. Leighton, were important events.
A Pop Concert was given at the Y. W. C. A. by the Brockton's
Business Woman's Club. An orchestra and vocal soloists fur-
nished music. There were dancing and refreshments.
Among other organizations reporting Open House, but with
no formal program, were : Brockton Aerie, F. O. E. ; Brockton
Lodge, B. P. O. E. ; Brockton Lodge, L. O. O. M. ; Seville
Council. K. of C.
THE PAGEANT OF BROCKTON
At the Fair Grounds, JVcdncsday and Thursday Evenings,
June 15 and 16
In a Year of Pageantry, Brockton's contribution was a distinct
triumph from the historic, artistic and civic points of view. The
author, Suzanne Cary Gruver, is entitled to great praise for her
eminent gift to Centennial Week. Community life was expressed
in visible form through action, color and grouping, dealing with a
notable theme, by an uncommon caste, and reaching a Finale
Director of the Pageant of Brockton
of wondrous beauty and inspiration. The Founding of the
Town and its development, with pictures of history in many
departments of human interest, were shown in the episodes pre-
sented by more than 1.600 persons.
From the time the Week's Program took definite shape, it
crystalized into this form of memorial education and entertain-
ment. Apart from the line co-operation of Committees and par-
ticipants, a high local reason for the successful presentations of
the Pageant, was in its staging at the Brockton Fair Grounds,
where great events so often occur. The Agricultural Society
management not only tendered the use of the Grounds and grand-
stand seating accommodations, but co-operated in every way with
generosity of time, service and experience. The public accepted
the challenge to its interest and attendance.
In setting up the Pageant, the Chairman. Frank H. YVhitmore,
Public Librarian, gathered about him a group of workers who
made its production their chief business for many weeks. When
finally completed, the directing personnel of The Pageant was
as follows :
Executive Committee — Frank H. Whitmore, Chairman; Wil-
lard F. Jackson, Executive Secretary ; Joseph F. Reilly, Corre-
sponding Secretary ; John X. Howard. Treasurer ; William A.
Bullivant, Harry W. Flagg. Mrs. S. J. Gruver, Warren S. Keith,
Warren P. Landers.
Director — Linwood Taft.
Author — Suzanne Cary Gruver.
Musical Director — George Sawyer Dunham.
Book — William T. Card, Chairman ; Mrs. S. J. Gruver, Warren
Cast — Mrs. Oscar F. Emery, Chairman ; Mrs. W. A. Sampson,
Mrs. A. A. Wilbur, Mrs. Merton Willis.
Dancing — Miss Mary E. Fish, Chairman ; Miss Rubie Capen,
Miss Marie Cote. Miss Florence Law. Miss Ida Horton, Miss
i A John N. H oward
PAGEANT EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.
1. Representing City Council, 4. Treasurer. 7. Civic Representative
2. Legal Advisor. 5. Chairman. 8. Centennial Secretary.
3. Author. 6. Executive Secretary. 9. Corresponding Secretary.
JOHN F. SCULLY
Vice Chairman of Centennial Executive Committee
Lighting — Harry C. Smith, Chairman; J. J. Cahill, L. M.
Costumes — Mrs. M. F. Ellis, Chairman; Airs. J. J. Boyd, As-
sistant Chairman; Mrs. \Y. B. Caswell, Miss Violet Ellis, Miss
Katherine Field, Miss Marjorie Field, Mrs. Charles Groce, Miss
Margaret Howard, Mrs. Erwin Reynolds, Miss Helen L. Tew.
Mrs. C. G. Willard.
Make Up — Edgard P. Howard, Chairman ; W. Fred Allen, Mrs.
Arthur Blackey, Mrs. George W. R. Hill, George W. R. Hill,
Mrs. H. B. Holmes, George Hull, Mrs. A. S. Kenney, Fred W.
Sargent, Mrs. Harold Swain, Harold Swain.
Music — George Sawyer Dunham, Chairman ; A. G. Baldwin,
G. A. Boucher, T. Francis Burke, J. J. Cahill, Joseph E. Feeley,
C. Lottie French, W. E. McGunnigle, Edward L. Pearson, Paulin
Peterson, Morris Rafkin, F. A. Tonis.
Properties — LeBaron Atherton, Chairman ; George W. Adams,
U. A. Avery, Benjamin Taber.
Publicity — Adrian P. Cote, Chairman ; James H. Burke, Fred
E. Hilton, Ralph G. Paulding, Joseph F. Reilly, Albert G. Smith.
Rehearsals — Chester A. Hickman, Chairman ; David Irving,
George W. Livie.
Scenery — Emil Lagergren, Chairman ; Giovanni Castano, Leslie
Chamberlain, Joseph Rodolphele.
Singing — Miss Harriette M. Perkins, Chairman; John Daley,
Miss Ellen Freberg, Hjalmar Freberg, Miss Grace A. James.
Ernest W. Stedman.
Stage Construction and Grounds — Harry C. Briggs, Chairman ;
C. H. Pope, Edward M. Thompson.
Stage Management — William B. Freeman, Chairman; Alden
Howard, Norman Petrie, Ernest W. Stedman.
Tickets — Edward M. Thompson, Chairman ; Frank L. Crocker.
Ralph P. Jackson, Horace Mann.
Auto Parking — Fred Drew, Chairman; F .E. Constans, P. G.
Police and Public Safety — Louis F. Eaton, Chairman; Walter
Gil day, Angus Kennedy.
WILLIAM B. FREEMAN
Chairman Pageant Stage Management
The Executive Committee met regularly each Friday. On the
evening of May 6th there was a dinner-conference of the Com-
mittees and associated workers, at the Palace Hotel. The speakers
were Chairman Whitmore ; Mayor Keith ; Dr. Horace F. Holton,
who aroused much enthusiasm for the local production by his
interpretation of the Pageant of St. Louis in 1914; Secretary
Landers; and Linwood Taft, Boston, elected Pageant Director
in March. Mr. Taft had been a Director of Pageantry, School
of Education, University of Missouri ; Director of Pageant of
Savannah, 1919; member of Council of National Defence; lec-
turer Drama School League, Chicago, August, 1920.
The following budget adopted by the Pageant Executive Com-
mittee, John N. Howard, treasurer, was announced : Stage.
$1,000; music, $1,000; Director (ten percent), $800; costumes,
$500; grounds, $500; lighting. $500; advertising, $500; printing.
$500; writer of Pageant Book, $400; properties, $300; scenery,
$500; tickets, $75; sanitary, $25; reserve for incidentals, $1,400—
total, $8,000, appropriated by City government.
The spirit of co-operation was clearly shown in the readiness
with which varied Church, Civic, and Fraternal groups assumed
responsibility for the sixteen Episodes. After conferences witli
leaders. Director Taft appointed regular rehearsals for all, finals
being held at the Fair Grounds, Friday and Monday evenings,
June 10th and 13th. There a huge stage had been erected
directly opposite the grandstand and consequently in full view
of the quarter-stretch. A background of hundreds of evergreen
trees and a brilliant electrical lighting effect, combined with
vari-colored and lustrous apparel, produced a scene never to be
forgotten. By the dates mentioned, public interest had been
developed and the informal performances were witnessed by large
assemblies. At the actual presentations of the Pageant the attend-
ance was 50,000. Had the plans included other appearances,
an equal number would have thronged the grounds to see the
highly gorgeous, historic and instructive creation.
THE BIRTHDAY— WEDNESDAY. JUNE 15— FIRST
According to the suggestion of the Executive Committee, the
exact date of the Centennial was specially marked from its
beginning to the Day's close. The acceptance of the Act creating
the Town of North Bridgewater was on June 15. 1821. On that
date one hundred years later the City which had developed re-
called with fitting ceremony the early fact.
At 7 o'clock a general welcome was accorded the Day by bell
and whistle throughout the City. Churches and factories — the
spiritual and material — joined in exalting the hour. It was as
rare a day in June as the calendar ever bore. There was an air
of expectancy, for great interest centered in the forthcoming
Pageant. Long before sunset, people gathered at the Fail-
Grounds — many with supper baskets — to secure good location
in the unreserved* section of the grandstand. At the hour of
beginning, stand and quarter stretch held twenty thousand, eagerly
watching the colorful moving pictures upon the stage and listen-
ing to the accompanying orchestra and highly-trained and re-
The special guests of the evening were Governor and Mrs.
Channing II. Cox, his aides, Captain Brown, and Major Warren
S. Keith, of this City, with Mrs. Keith. The Governor's party
was met by Mayor Keith and his mother, Mrs. Horace A. Keith;
former Mayor John S. Kent, chairman of the speakers and
guests committee, and Mrs. Kent ; and State Councillor and Mrs.
Harry H. Williams. On arrival at the station, they were at once
conveyed to the Pageant ground where they occupied boxes
throughout the evening. The Governor at the close expressed
himself in enthusiastic terms:
"It was fine ; quite wonderful. It was unusual also to see such
a crowd and to have such quiet prevail All seemed to sense
the spirit of the Pageant. . . . Brockton should be proud of
this wonderful spectacle."
* 7,000 free seats.
THE BROCKTON FAIR MANAGEMENT.
JOHN S. KENT
Member of Executive and Chairman of Speakers and Guests Committee
The Selectmen of many nearby towns were also in attendance,
occupying reserved seats, as guests of the City. They were most
cordial in their expressions of appreciation.
Sergeant Stephen J. Bryan was in charge of the Police detail.
Scout Commissioner Carroll F. Deady superintended the Boy
Scouts, serving as ushers and messengers. Louis F. Eaton repre-
sented the Centennial Committee as chairman of police and public
safety. Congratulations were very general and Mr. Whitmore
voiced the satisfaction of the Pageant Committee in recognizing
"the spirit of co-operation and initiative everywhere found."
George Sawyer Dunham, Director of Music, said : "The program
was well received by the vast audience. I was satisfied. The
size of the production added to the difficult out-door conditions,
but I am well pleased with the accomplishment of the chorus."
THURSDAY— JUNE 16— SECOND PAGEANT
The great success of the previous evening was itself prophecy
for interest and attendance the Second Night.
The principal guests were members of the Massachusetts
Mayors' Club, present on invitation of the Central Committee
through Mayor Keith. City Hall was the first place of assembly
and after its inspection, the party was served luncheon in the
Commissary Building of the W. L. Douglas Shoe Company. At
2.30, the High School was visited; later, the Eldon Keith
Field for school athletics and the Fred F. Field Dutchland Farm.
At 4.00, the guests were conducted through the new Number 11
George E. Keith Co. factory. Dinner was served at the Com-
mercial Club at 6.00.
Mayor Keith received the Club with Former Mayors Burbank,
McLeod, Gleason and Hickey. Former Mayor Charles H. Adams
of Melrose, President of the Mayor's Club, offered congratulations
and thanks at the dinner, both to the Mayor of Brockton and to the
m § f}ld,rry C. vSmith
CHAIRMEN OF PAGEANT PRODUCTION COMMITTEES.
CHAIRMEN OF PAGEANT PRODUCTION COMMITTEES.
4. Stage Construction 6. Auto Parking
and Grounds. 7. Tickets
5. Stage Management. 8. Police and Public Safety.
Those present at Dinner were : Mayors, Parker B. Flanders,
Haverhill; Charles B. Ashley, New Bedford; Patrick A. Sulli-
van, Marlboro ; Edgar B. Stone, Quincy, with Mrs. Stone ; Roger
Keith, Brockton, with Mrs. Keith. Former Mayors, Stewart B.
McLeod, with Mrs. McLeod ; Harry C. Howard, with Mrs.
Howard; John S. Kent; Charles Williamson; Emery M. Low,
with Mrs. Low ; John S. Burbank ; William L. Gleason, with Mrs.
Gleason ; Charles M. Hickey ; David W. Battles; and Edward H.
Keith — all of Brockton ; Edward F. Brown and Mrs. Brown of
Marlboro ; Charles F. McCarthy, Marlboro ; John B. Tracy and
Mrs. Tracy of Taunton ; Charles A. Buckley and Mrs. Buckley,
Chicopee ; Charles H. Adams, Melrose; George H. Fall and Mrs.
Fall, Maiden ; C. F. Lynch and Mrs. Lynch, Lawrence. Com-
missioners, George Munsey, with Mrs. Munsey ; and George L.
Martin, Haverhill. Aldermen, James F. Collins, Frank A. Mc-
Nulty, Harrison T. Borden, Clifton W. Bartlett, Thomas Kirk-
ham, and former Alderman Charles M. Carroll ; City Clerk Walter
H. B. Remington, all of New Bedford ; W. D. Rockwood and
Mrs. Rockwood, Cambridge ; Asa T. Newhall and Mrs. Newhall,
Lynn ; Arthur B. Curtis, Miss Ella F. Hall, and Mrs. Alfred S.
Hall, Revere ; Miss Blanche F. McGuire, Rockland ; John
O'Hare ; John O'Hearne and Mrs. O'Hearne ; Councilman Gerald
Kelleher, City Physician W. D. Ducy, City Engineer Harold S.
Crocker, Lee Kedian, Frank R. Barnard, Adrian P. Cote, Clerk
of the Common Council ; Mrs. Edith M. Blanchard, Secretary
to the Mayor ; and City Clerk J. Albert Sullivan, all of Brockton.
The Day closed with the Pageant and the fine qualities of the
preceding evening were, if possible, improved upon and the entire
production elicited highest praise from the 30,000 spectators.
Among important persons in attendance outside the Mayors'
Club, were Frank Chouteau Brown and Mrs. Brown of Boston,
guests of the Pageant author, Suzanne Cary Gruver. Mr. Brown
is president of the American Pageant Association and therefore
an expert critic. He gave out this statement :
"One of the finest productions I ever witnessed in this country ;
one that has impressed and pleased me more than I can express
in words. Particularly I was impressed by the artistic setting,
the use of two levels — the high level of the stage, with the
track as a lower one — both of which were used so skilfully that
it enhanced rather than detracted from the value of the spectacle.
I may say whole-heartedly that Brockton is to be congratulated
on what it has achieved."
The great assembly was most responsive. It followed the
movement with enthusiasm ; noted with applause the wonderful
lighting effects and was quick to catch the spirit of both speech
and action. From episode to episode, through to the finale,
interest was sustained at a high plane and appreciation most
The Pageant Director, Linwood Taft, said at the close of the
"I wish to pay a special tribute to the faithful and efficient
service of the episode leaders. They devoted more time to their
work than the public has any conception of. I received hearty
co-operation from all sides — -the cast, members of committees,
stage managers and immediate assistants and from George Sawyer
Dunham and Mace Gay, who had charge of the music. I con-
sider Brockton's Pageant to be one of the most successful I have
Mrs. Gruver properly recognized the values of the production :
"I feel the Pageant has accomplished great things. It awakens
civic pride, groups all in one united work, stimulates the imagin-
ation and makes many realize for the first time the true greatness
of their own community. I wish to express my appreciation for
the wonderful co-operative spirit of all who had a part. It was
this spirit which was the secret of its success."
And thus it passed into History.
SUZANNE GARY GRUVER
Author of "The Pageant of Brockton"
Member of the Gentennial Book Gommittee
The Book of the
Pageant of Brockton
Suzanne Cory Gruver
Produced in Connection With the Centennial Celebration of
the Incorporation of the Town of North Bridgewater,
now Brockton, at the Fair Grounds,
June 15-16, 1921
Under Direction of George Sawyer Dunham
Martland's Band. Mace Gay, Director.
Chorus of 250 Voices.
I. Wilderness — Dawn.
Music — Morning from Peer Gynt Suite Grieg
Talcs of the Vienna Woods Strauss
II. Indian Encampment.
Music — Dagger Dance from Natoma Herbert
III. Purchase of Land.
Music — Indian Intermezzo : Moret
IV. Contest of the First Settler.
Music — Beauti f ul Blue Danube Strauss
Prayer of Thanksgiving (chorus) Kreiuser
Vision Music — Theme from Pomp and Circum-
stance El gar
V. Church Going.
Music — The Angelus Massenet
Bay Psalm Book Hymns (on stage).
VI. First Town Meeting.
Music — Backward, Turn Backward, O, Time, in
Your Flight Poult on
VII. Mis' Jones' School.
Singing of the Multiplication Table (on stage).
VIII. Quilting Bee.
Music — Aunt Dinah's Quilting Party (chorus).
IX. Coming of the Railroad.
Music — Tally Ho Galop Bernstein
Railroad Galop Missud
GEORGE SAWYER DUNHAM
Director of Music for the Pageant
X. Civil War.
Music — We'll Rally Round the Flag, Boys Bradbury
Just Before the Battle, Mother i Root
We're Coming, Father Abraham (chorus)
XL Visit of Christine Nilsson.
Music — Old Folks at Home Foster
Sung by the Swedish Lutheran Male Chorus —
Miss Ellen L. Nelson, Soloist.
XII. Rechristening the Town.
Music — Winchester March Burr ell
(Named after Henry Winchester Robinson)
Auld Lang Syne (chorus).
Vision Music — Theme from Pomp and Circum-
XIII. Our Poet, Bryant.
Music — Love and Friendship Brooks
XIV. The First Brockton Fair.
Music — Galop at the Fair Burrell
Bay State Commandery March Burrell
Second Connecticut March Reeves
XV. Arrival of the City.
Music — Pomp and Circumstance March (chorus)
(With words for the occasion by Mrs. Gruver.)
XVI. Procession of the Arts.
Same music as above.
XVII. Arbitration and Industrial Peace.
Music — The Conqueror March Tieke
Music — Festal Day Roux
American Colors Panella
America Victorious Bagley
Star Spangled Banner.
Director Martland's Band
1. Prologue : The Wilderness. 4. The First Settler. 7. Mis' Jones' School.
2. Indian Encampment. 5. Church Going. 8. The Quilting Bee.
:i Purchase of the Land. 6. First Town Meeting. 9. Coming of the Railroad.
\- Civil War. 4. Our poet, Rryant. 7. Finale, Fraternal
2. Visit of Christine Nilsson. 5. The First Brockton Fair. Organization,
3. Rechristening the Town. 6. Arrival of the City. 8. Finalf, National Groups
EPISODES AND SCENES
PROLOGUE, The Wilderness
Indian Encampment. Scene 2. Purchase of Land.
Scene 3. The First Settler.
Interlude — Vision of the Coming Town.
Church Going. Scene 3. Mis' Jones' School.
First Town Meeting. Scene 4. The Quilting Bee.
Scene 1. Coming of the Railroad.
Civil War. Scene 3. Visit of Christine Nilsson.
Scene 4. Rechristening the Town.
Interlude — Vision of the Coming City.
Our Poet Bryant. Scene 2. First Brockton Fair.
Scene 3. Arrival of the City.
Scene 4. Arbitration and Industrial Peace.
Spirit of Nature : Mrs. John F. Scully.
Spirits of the Plain, the Forest, and the Rivers.
In charge of The Matron's Club,
Mrs. William Cholerton, Leader.
The time is before the coming of the white man. The scene
represents the plain of the Salisbury, where Brockton stands
today. Surrounding the plain, are the trees and foliage of the
In the dim light of dawn. Nature, sole ruler of the realm,
appears and summons forth the Spirits of the Plain. In garments
of soft green, they respond to the call, weaving a dance expressive
of peace and joy. Nature now summons the Spirits of the Forest
to join the dance. They enter joyously, clad in the browns of the
forest trees, and join with the Spirits of the Plain in a dance
expressing the harmony and beauty of unmolested nature.
The music changes to a more spirited cadence. The Forest
Spirits, alarmed, hasten to the shelter of their trees. Nature and
the Spirits of the Plain cease their dance and vanish.
Two Indian braves enter, porting a canoe. They are accom-
panied by a group of Water Spirts clad in the shimmering grey
of the rivers. The Spirits dance gracefully about the Indians,
denoting by their confidence, the ever friendly disposition of the
primitive red man to the Nature Spirits.
Meda, a Medicine Man: C. H. Chevigny.
Chief Ousamequin : David Jewell, Sr.
Scout: Bradford Alexander.
Tisquantum: David Jewell, Jr.
Bravo, squaws, hunters and children of the Wampanoag tribe.
In charge of The Matronalia Club,
Mrs. Charles Lawrence, Leader.
[From the Indian relics which are exhumed from time to time,
it is evident that the region of the Salisbury was a favorite camp-
ing-ground of the red man. A massive stone cave, near the
Easton line, on a slope known as "Stone House Hill," is generally
believed to be of Indian construction.
At the time of Plymouth settlement, southern Massachusetts
was inhabited by a tribe of Indians called the YYampanoags.
They were a powerful tribe of the Algonquin stock. They were
sometimes known as the Poconockets from one of their villages,
Photo by Merrill
and again as the Massasoits, from their chieftain. They num-
bered at one period about twenty thousand people, and possessed
thirty villages. Their Sachem was Massasoit or Ousamequin,
as he called himself in later years. He was remarkable for his
honesty and his humaneness. He was never known to violate
his word. A treaty of peace which he made with Governor Carver
was preserved for fifty years or until the chieftain's death. He
endeavored constantly to maintain peace between his people and
the white men.
The Medicine Man occupied a position in primitive tribes
second only to that of the chieftain. His speech was oracular.
He was believed to possess a mysterious influence over the good
and evil spirits which governed all things in life. His duties
combined two modern professions — the clerical and the medical.]
Following the arrival of the braves come several squaws carry-
ing long poles with which to set up tepees. The Water Spirits
vanish. The squaws hang their papooses upon the trees, and
set to work building fires, finishing the tepees, and making the
camp ready for the arrival of the men. Other braves enter and
watch the women work. A group of children play animal games
— leap-frog and the like — shouting and laughing lustily. Hunters
arrive, bearing trophies of success, a wild goose, a hare, and a
deer. The squaws at once set to work preparing them.
Passing across the scene is an old Medicine Man. Meda. He
is an aged, unkempt type of savage. He gathers herbs and sits
down before one of the tepees to sort them over. Now and then
he shakes a stick at the playing children, calling out savagely. A
scout enters, breathless with running. The men gather to hear
Scout. — He is near, our chief ! Ousamequin !
Medicine Man. — Ah! He returns alone?
Scout. — The white men follow.
Medicine Man. — As I supposed. More parleyings. Woe to
us and to our tribe, if our chieftain hearkens to them!
Scout. — See, he comes ! And Tisquantum !
Medicine Man. — He of the double tongues ! The mouth-piece
of the White Devils ! Woe to those who listen to him !
(The Chief, Ousamequin, enters, accompanied by Tisquantum.
interpreter to the white men.)
Chief (handing his heavy bow and other trappings to a
squaw). — Let the camp fire be stirred to new brightness; Friends
are at hand.
Bring forth the Calumet. Our white brothers will sit in
council with us.
Medicine Man. — Stay, O Chieftain! You call them "Brothers"?
I say — Devils, with their thunders and their lightnings ! Wizards,
with their guns and powder. Stay this word of welcome, I pray
you. No good can befall our tribe from dealing with these
(The Scout hesitates.)
Chief (sternly). — Go! 'Tis I who command! I, the chieftain.
Is Ousamequin to be thwarted by an old man's foolish murmurs ?
The white men will deal fairly with us. They pay well for all
they take from us. Go ! Bid them welcome to our council.
(The Scout hurries off.)
Medicine Man (muttering). — Not the first time they have
sought to barter with us. Not the first time I have warned our
Chief of danger.
Chief. — You speak truth, Meda. Your warnings are many.
They have grown w r earisome to my ears. Am I not a Great
Chieftain ? Sachem over many people ? Have we not vast
hunting-grounds and forests ? See our maize-fields ! Our rivers,
filled with pike, and herring, and beaver! Is not Ousamequin's
a vast dominion?
Prophecy of the Medicine Man.
O Great Spirit, spare this boasting!
Send not wrath upon us for it!
( )usamequin, though you heed not,
Yet once more I speak in warning.
In a vision I have seen it —
Seen the white man's foot encroaching.
Seen the harvest of Mondamin
Garnered by the hands of strangers.
Seen the fish within our rivers.
Leaping to the call of aliens.
Soon our camp fires will be darkened.
Toward the sunset we must wander.
Like the wild fowl, homeless, seeking
Where we may, a moment's shelter.
Soon like leaves, our tribe will scatter,
Soon, like smoke, blown from the peace-pipe.
Drifting toward the red horizon,
Ever further, thinner, paler.
Till the eye no more discern it.
So the mighty Wampanoags
In the setting sun shall vanish —
Vanish from their father's empire.
In the darkness of Oblivion.
PURCHASE OF THE LAND
Episode I. — Scene II.
Captain Myles Standish: Charles C. Carr.
Constant Southworth: Harold Whitcomb.
Samuel Nash : Harry Norman.
First Settler: Fred Arnold,
Wife: Mrs. Elsie R. Clough.
Child: Pearl Pdanchard.
Duxbury men in attendance, new proprietors of the land.
In charge of The Press Club.
William G. Kilner, Leader.
[On March 23, 1649, a group of Duxbury men negotiated with
Chief Ousamequin the purchase of "a tract of land usually called
Satucket." A document had been drawn up describing this tract
of land in detail. It embraced the territory now known as Brock-
ton, East Bridgewater, West Bridgewater, Bridgewater, and a
portion of Titicut. The transaction is believed to have taken
place at Sachem's Rock, East Bridgewater. Captain Standish,
Samuel Nash and Constant Southworth acted as commissioners
to make the purchase for the town of Duxbury. The price paid
was "7 coats, a yard and a half in a coat, 9 hatchets, 8 hoes, 20
knives, 4 moose-skins, 10 yards and a half of cotton" — a sum,
all told, equal to not more than thirty dollars.
Chief Ousamequin affixed his mark to the deed in the shape
of a hand. The original deed is in existence today, a much-prized
possession of the Old Bridgewater Historical Society. (See pp.
The ceremony of smoking the Calumet or peace-pipe was prac-
tised by the North American Indians, in much the same way as
the flag of truce is used by other nations. To accept it, was to
agree to the terms proposed; to decline it, was to reject them. It
was also passed about to be smoked in honor of the visit of some
distinguished guest. Red soap-stone was the preferred material
for the bowl, with a long reed for the stem. Feathers or painted
hieroglyphics, according to the taste of the tribe, usually adorned
Purchase of the Land.
A trumpet heralds the approach of the white men. The Scout
conducts them to the presence of Chief Ousamequin. Tisquan-
tum, the interpreter, takes his place near by.
Captain Standish heads the commission. He has sword half
drawn as he advances — for the "doughty Captain" was ever a
fighter — but, at a signal from Ousamequin, he sheathes it.
Chief. — Welcome, Duxbury men ! You come in friendship.
Let us display no emblems of war.
Standish. — You speak fairly, Great Chieftain. We wish to
deal fairly with you.
Chief. — I see you have brought goods (indicating the articles
carried by the attendants). Are they for barter?
Standish. — Aye, if it be your pleasure. We wish to propose
Chief. — Let us sit together in council. We will smoke the Pipe
of Peace, and consider. Bring hither the Calumet !
(A brave brings forward the ceremonial pipe with decorated
stem, and presents it to the Chief. A squaw lights it for him
from the camp fire. The ceremony of the Calumet begins. But
the Medicine Man will have none of it. He withdraws to a
distance from the circle, muttering to himself and casting glances
of animosity toward the white men.)
Standish (to one of his men who hesitates to smoke the prof-
fered pipe). — Come, come, it is a heathen custom, I know, but
we do well to conform to it on this occasion. (All smoke in
Chief (as the ceremony is concluded). — You have come, you
say, to barter with us? What proposal have you to make?
Standish. — You have vast lands, Great Chieftain — far greater
than you require. The Duxbury men have need of more. Can
you not sell them a portion ?
Chief. — What will you offer for them?
Standish (to the attendants). — Bring forward the goods we
have to exchange.
Chief (viewing the articles). — You have coats, I see, and rolls
Standish. — Aye, seven made coats, and ten yards and a half
Chief. — How much land do you desire?
Standish (producing the document). — Here is the writing.
The tract is called "Satucket." From the weir, we wish to pur-
chase seven miles in each direction — to the North, to the South,
to the East and to the West.
Chief. — These lands are an inheritance from my fathers. It
might anger the Great Spirit, should I part with them.
Standish. — We will offer more. Here are moose-skins, and
hatchets in addition ; knives, twenty of them for your hunters ;
hoes, to make light work in your corn fields.
Chief. — We value the friendship of the white men. We will
accept your offer.
(The Medicine Man is seen appealing to the Great Spirit
Standish. — Will you set your mark to this agreement? Here—
(indicating the place for signing).
(The chief takes the quill and draws a mark resembling a
Standish. — That concludes the purchase. We will leave these
goods for you. The new proprietors will come to take possession
of their land at once.
(The Indians begin to break camp sadly. The early settlers
in Pilgrim garb begin to arrive. The Indians steal away. The
new proprietors divide in pantomime the lands. One settler, with
wife and child, remain in possession of the tract depicted in the
Note. — This tract of land was divided into fifty-four shares,
the Duxbury inhabitants agreeing among themselves as to its
division. The original proprietors, each holding one share of the
land, were : William Bradford, William Merrick, John Bradford,
Abraham Pierce, John Rogers, George Partridge, John Starr,
William Collier, Christopher Wadsworth, Edward Hall, Nicholas
Robbins, Thomas Hayward, Ralph Partridge, Nathaniel W'illis,
John Willis, Thomas Bonney, Miles Standish, Love Brewster,
John Paybody, William Paybody, Francis Sprague, William Bas-
sett, John Washburn, John Washburn, Jr., John Ames, Thomas
Gannett, William Brett, Edmund Hunt, William Clarke, William
Ford, Constant Southworth, John Cary, Edmund Weston, Samuel
Tompkins, Edmund Chandler, Moses Simmons, John Irish, Philip
Delano, Arthur Harris, John Alden, John Forbes, Samuel Nash,
Abraham Sampson, George Soule, Experience Mitchell, Henry
Howland, Henry Sampson, John Brown, John Howard, Francis
West, William Tubbs, James Lendall, Samuel Eaton, Solomon
Leonard. There were two more shares added later, one to Rev.
James Keith, the other to Deacon David Edson.
THE FIRST SETTLER
Episode I. — Scene III.
Nature: Mrs. J. F. Scully.
North Wind : Marie Cote.
South Wind : Ida Horton.
East Wind : Florence Davy.
West Wind : E. Rubie Capen.
The Four Seasons.
In charge of The South Parish Club,
Miss Alice Shurtleff. Leader.
[Not the least of the difficulties that were encountered by the
early settlers was the climate. With what amounted on occasions
to practically "all four seasons in one day." and with the terrible
severity of the winters, an amazing amount of courage was neces-
sary to sustain the colonists in their purpose.]
The scene is an allegory of the Settler and the New England
Climate. The settler lifts his axe to fell a tree. Out rush the
Forest Spirits in alarm. Nature arrives to remonstrate with the
vandal. The white man, however, has not the great respect for
Nature possessed by the red man. So he continues his work of
destruction. Nature determines to use her forces to restrain
him. She summons first her Four Winds. They arrive from
the four points of the compass — the North Wind in white ; the
South, in yellow; the East, in grey; the West, in crimson. With
floating scarfs, they surround the settler. His work is retarded,
but he is not dismayed. Then Nature calls upon the Seasons
to essay their powers. Winter arrives, led by the North Wind.
Snow and Ice surround the settler.
We see him endeavoring to escape their grasp. Nature, seeing
that he will not yield to Snow and Ice, calls forth the Heat and
Drought of summer. Dancers in yellow and flame-colored gar-
ments appear. Before their presence, the winter melts away.
Heat and Drought attack the little group. The man removes
his coat. The child falls parching with thirst upon the bank.
The mother prays for rain.
Unheeding Nature summons now a third power— the East
Wind. Dancers in grey representing the clouds and rain brought
by the East Wind answer the call. Instead of discouraging the
Sutler, the ram brings relief. The clouds disappear. The child
jumps up joyfully. The man falls to work again.
The one remaining power— the West Wind— is summoned
She advances, bringing the Autumn and the Harvest. Dancers
in crimson and purple, tossing apples and fruits, bring reward to
the persevering settler.
As the dancers disappear, the little group gathers to offer thanks
for their preservation and for the bountiful harvest .
Interlude—Vision of the Coming Town.
To the Settler, looking toward the future, appears a Vision.
A shrouded female figure emerges from the background. It is
a symbol of the Town that is to be. Silent, motionless, she
stands, as if waiting for the years to elapse, and the coming of
the brave spirits that are to give her life.
Vision of the Town to Be
Mrs. Roger Keith.
THE NORTH PARISH OF BRIDGEWATER
Rev. John Porter : Warren P. Landers.
Mrs. Porter: Mrs. Edward Plummer.
Children : Ruth E. Vaughn. Harriet Chase,
Pauline Chase, Philip S. Holmes,
Eldon Briggs, Barbara Drake,
Alonzo Johnson, Charles Tallon.
Tithing Man : Emory Wixon.
Man and Wife (riding pillion) :
Budd D. Colwell, Madaleine Ellis.
Captain Isaac Packard : Charles Barden.
Dr. Philip Bryant : Robert F. Keene.
Captain Barnabas Howard: Walter Lovejoy.
Issacher Snell, Esq. : Allison Baldwin.
Josiah Perkins : Henry Perkins.
Jabez Field : Dwight Powell.
Abia Keith : Chandler D. Hall.
Henry Kingman : Edward Plummer.
Deacon Edson : Jesse F. Perkins.
Members of the Parish Church.
In charge of The Colonial and Porter Clubs,
Mrs. Budd D. Col well, Leader.
| The Meeting House was the Community Centre of former
days. People traveled from a distance to attend worship. There
were services several hours long both forenoon and afternoon.
Prayers were from one to two hours in length. The congregation
had no singing books, so the hymns were lined out by deacons —
;i line being read first by a deacon and then sung by the congre-
gation standing. A hymn so "deaconed" frequently consumed
half an hour. The first meeting house in the North Parish was
built in 1737, on the site of the present Parish Block. Reverend
)ohn Porter — a Harvard graduate of 1736 — was the first minister
in the North Parish. Born in 1716. his ministry in the parish
lasted from 1740 until his death in 1802. A biographer records
that "to the influence of this good man more than to any other
thing is the community indebted for the love of order, industry,
economy, enterprise, and religious character of many descendants
of his people. His influence had very much to do with the forma-
tion of the character of the early inhabitants of North Bridge-
COLONIAL PERIOD. 1760-1780.
A church bell is heard ringing in the distance, summoning
the people of the North Parish to the Sunday service. Old and
young alike obey the summons. Deacons David Edson and
Jonathan Cary enter, solemnly discussing the parish needs. They
are followed by the women and children of their families. Other
parishioners follow. The children carry their shoes in their
hands, sitting down as they near the church to put them on.
Several of the younger women wear coarse shoes, which they
exchange for the better ones they carry.
The Tithing Man appears with a long stick. Two children
momentarily forget the solemnity of the day and are discovered
smiling and whispering. The Tithing Man promptly reminds
them of their indecorum.
A man and wife appear riding horseback pillion style. Last
of all comes the minister of the parish, the Reverend John Porter.
His head is bent over the Bible, which he holds. Mrs. Porter
and the eight children follow.
As the group is assembled, they gather to sing a hymn from
the Bay Psalm Book. The singing is "deaconed" in the Colonial
THE FIRST TOWN MEETING
July 4, 1821.
Episode II. — Scene II.
Caleb Howard, Justice of Peace:
Edgar P. Howard.
Lemuel French : Fred R. French.
Joseph Sylvester, Moderator :
C. Carrol King.
Col. Edward Southworth, Town Clerk :
Loyed E. Chamberlain.
Abel Kingman, Selectman : Albert F. Barker.
Howard Cary, Selectman : George H. Cary.
Capt. Zachariah Gurney, Selectman :
George N. Gordon.
Benjamin Ames, Constable: Burton Stewart.
Eliphalet Kingman: Francis C. Kingman.
Rev. Daniel Huntington: M. A. Davis.
Storekeeper : Robert C. Fraser.
Doctor : George A. Thatcher.
Innkeeper : George H. Priest.
Storekeeper: Panl S. Jones.
Storekeeper: Harry PI. Williams.
Lawyer : Bernard Saxton.
Prominent Citizen : J. Frank Beal.
Doctor : Horace A. Keith.
Notary Public and Justice of Peace :
Harold C. Keith.
Farmers, Laborers and other voters.
In Charge of the Rotary Club.
Horace Richmond, Leader.
[In 1819, members of the North Parish petitioned the legisla-
ture to be set off as a separate township from the mother town
of Bridgewater, stating as their reason that "nearly 300 voters
belong to the North Precinct and have to travel from five to seven
miles to attend town meetings over a piece of way very bad in
the months of March and April." Various remonstrances were
presented, but later withdrawn. On June 15, 1821, a bill to
incorporate the North Parish into a separate town by the name
of North Bridgewater was passed by both houses. The first
town meeting was held in the First Parish Church, July 4, 1821,
at one o'clock in the afternoon. About 200 voters were present.
Freeholders or freemen of a town were those with full political
privileges. In certain states as late as 1841 no one was allowed
to vote for town or state officers unless he possessd an amount
of real estate of a prescribed value.
Hog-reeves were hog constables, whose duty it was to look
after stray swine.
Field Drivers were officers charged with the care of stray cattle
and the protection of fields against them.
The Village Pound was for some years on the Green in front
of the Meeting-House. Here any trespassing live-stock was
driven to be safeguarded until redeemed by the owner.]
THE FIRST TOWN MEETING
Photo by Rand
A warrant of the first meeting is read in a loud voice by the
Justice of the Peace, Caleb Howard, as he moves along the
"In the name of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, all
freeholders and other inhabitants of the town of North Bridge-
water qualified by law to vote for town officers, are hereby warned
to meet and assemble at the public meeting-house in said town,
on Wednesday, the fourth day of July, at one o'clock in the
afternoon, for the following purposes :
"1st — To choose a moderator for said meeting.
"2nd — To choose all such town officers that towns are required
by law to choose or appoint at their annual town meetings.
"Application made by Mr. Lemuel French and nine other free-
hold inhabitants of said town."
The voters assemble. They are from various stations in life:
— the Squire, the laboring man, the farmer. Reverend Daniel
Huntington opens the meeting with prayer. Nominations for
Moderator are made. Joseph Sylvester is elected to the office.
Col. Edward Southworth is elected Town Clerk. The Justice
of Peace administers the oath of office. Three Selectmen are
chosen — Abel Kingman, Esq., Howard Cary, Esq., and Capt.
Col. Southworth is elected Town Treasurer ; Benjamin Ames
is elected Constable, and Caleb Howard, Esq., Eliphalet Kingman,
and Howard Cary, Esq., as Committee on Accounts.
Other elections were 16 "Surveyors of Highways," 8 "Hog-
reeves," 6 "Surveyors of Lumber," 16 "Field Drivers," 3 "Tithing
Men," 3 "Fence Viewers," 1 "Pound Keeper," 2 "Measurers of
After the election there are congratulations for the new officers,
and dispersing. Town Meeting cake and cider are for sale on
the green outside the Meeting House, displayed on carts. They
are obviously enjoyed by the voters and Town Fathers as they
Micah Faxon, the first shoe manufacturer :
Fred S. Faxon.
Micah Faxon has entered with a small stool and a sack of shoes.
He sits down by the village street to work. One of the newly-
elected townsmen pauses to inquire about a new pair of shoes
which he desires made. Micah Faxon measures his foot. Then,
explaining that he is about to start for Boston with the sackful
of finished products, he promises to obtain leather for the new
pair while in the city. He untethers his horse, tosses the sack
of shoes across the saddle, mounts, and rides off in the direction
MIS' JONES' SCHOOL
Episode II. — Scene III.
Mrs. Nathan Jones : Arlena Russell.
In charge of The Grade Teachers' Club,
Miss Persis H. Maxson, Leader.
| In the early days of the Town, 1821-1827, public schools were
maintained for periods of six to eight weeks only during the year.
Grades were unmistakably "mixed." With such scant educa-
tional provision, most families of the town welcomed the oppor-
tunity for more prolonged instruction offered by small private
"home schools," where young pupils were at least safe under a
motherly eye for some hours daily. For thirty-six years — from
1831 to 1867 — Mrs. Nathan Jones conducted such an institution
in the kitchen of her cottage home on Main Street, near the pres-
ent Ward Street corner. Here many present-day Brocktonians
—children at that period — learned their alphabet and multiplica-
tion table. The studying was done aloud, most frequently chanted
in unison to some familiar tune. The number of pupils was
usually about twenty, each paying the modest sum of twelve cents
a week for instruction. The town appropriation of $625 for
public schools in 1821, compared with $623,300 appropriated last
year — 1920 — is a notable illustration of progress in a commend-
Mrs. Jones, plump and matronly, rings the bell to assemble the
pupils for the beginning of the morning session. They arrive
briskly or slothfully, according to the disposition. There are
about twenty of them of various sizes and ages. Mrs. Jones
proceeds to "line them up" for spelling. The word "victuals"
is selected by the teacher as one having more than an average
number of pitfalls for the unwary. Disastrous results are not
surprising. As one pupil after another exercises his imagination
in attacking the spelling of the word, and is met — he feels exult-
antly — with "wrong !" — he is sent to the foot of the line. One
small boy is kept so steadily going down that his blunders must
be made a warning to the other pupils, so a dunce cap marks him
as an object of ignominy.
The scene ends with the singing in unison of the multiplication
table to the tune of "Yankee Doodle."
"Five times five are twenty-five,
Five times six are thirty,
Five times seven are thirty-five.
And five times eight are forty."
and so on to the end of the tune. The session ended, the pupils
rush joyously forth for recess.
SOCIAL LIFE IN THE NORTH PARISH
Episode II. — Scene IV.
Mistress Kingman : Mrs. Charles R. Storey.
Mr. Kingman : Charles R. Storey.
Fiddler : Laurence C. Shaw.
Quilters, children, husbands, and beaux.
In charge of The Ten Times One Club,
Mrs. Sprague Baker, Leader.
THE QUILTING BEE.
[Thrift and Co-operation were notable characteristics of the
early inhabitants of the town. Neighbors often joined together
in raising a building, spinning flax or husking corn. Such occa-
sions offered an opportunity for combining industry with pleasure.
When a housewife wished to make a bedquilt, she invited her
neighbors to a "quilting bee." The women went early in the
afternoon, taking with them the younger children.
The patchwork to be quilted was stretched upon a wooden
frame, about which a dozen quilters could sit sociably. Tiny
running stitches were taken in some chosen design until the
layers of the quilt were secured, and the entire surface decorated
with the fine hand-run pattern. As the work progressed, the
finished portion was rolled upon the frame, thus bringing the
workers gradually closer together.
When young girls participated in the work there was much
rivalry as to who should be the one to take the last stitch, this
being held an indication of the one who would first be married.]
The scene represents a gathering at the Kingman home in the
North Parish. Mistress Kingman has invited her neighbors to
join her in a Quilting Bee. The hostess greets the women as they
arrive. They wear their "best silks" in honor of the occasion. A
number of mothers have brought their little girls, who, cautioned
that "Satan will find mischief for idle hands to do," are set to
work cross-stitching samplers or knitting stockings for the com-
A group of women bring in the quilting-frame. The quilt is
already stretched upon it ready for the adornment of the hand-
stitching. A dozen or more women gather about the frame to
complete the work. One young girl proudly announces that
she has been the fortunate one to place the final stitch. She
receives congratulations from the older women ; looks of envy,
possibly, from the younger ones !
Tea-time arrives, and with it the husbands and beaux. Th-
neighborhood fiddler is welcomed. The younger children are
taken home or put to bed, not always willingly, it appears, in
spite of their strict New England training.
"Gentlemen, take partners for the Reel," is the call from the
fiddler, announcing the beginning of the merriment. The fiddler
strikes up a rollicking air, often the "Money Musk." "Gentle-
men, salute your partners," occasions a deal of exaggerated bow-
ing and scraping. The dance gains zest as it proceeds, agility
and ingenuity of execution being held in higher favor than mere
THE QUILTING BEK.
COMING OF THE RAILROAD
Shoe Manufacturer : Lester E. Packard.
An Old Lady: Mrs. Clinton W. Delano.
Postmaster Southworth : Chester C. Gilbert.
Citizen: S. Leland Lownds.
Stage Driver, Jabez Gould : F. Ernest Mackie.
A Surveyor : G. Ernest Spear.
A Small Boy: Ralph Spear.
Station Agent Bennett : Norman Petrie.
Factory employees, men and women of the town,
workmen from the new road.
In Charge of the Maids and Matrons Club,
Mrs. George Keyes, Leader.
[Probably no single event contributes more directly to the
material upbuilding of a town than the introduction of the rail-
For some years previous to 1844, when the project was started
to give North Bridgewater railroad facilities, manufacturers and
merchants had experienced the handicap of inadequate trans-
portation. Mail coaches and baggage wagons drawn by two or
four horses were the speediest means of communication with
Boston and the outside world. The service of the old-time stage
coach, although improved by the running of a daily stage, instead
of the earlier tri-weekly coach, was far from satisfying the de-
mands of the ambitious and expanding town.
In 1844 and '45 a number of progressive citizens asked for and
were granted a charter to build a railroad from the terminus of
the Old Colony line at South Braintree, through North Bridge-
water to Bridgewater, connecting with the Middleboro and Bridge-
water railroad then existing, and thus giving the town direct
communication with Boston and Fall River. The new line was
completed in 1846, and the first trains began running in December
of the same year. The road was known as the "Old Colony Rail-
road" for many years, but later became merged in the New York,
New Haven and Hartford system, and is known by that name
The scene is in front of the Postoffice of the "Centre Village."
The office at this time was located in Mr. Southworth's general
store at the corner of Main and Ward Streets, the site of the
present Marston Building.
A group of townspeople gather to await the arrival of the stage
from Boston. The manufacturer consults a bulky silver watch
from time to time.
Manufacturer (to employees who accompany him). — It's well
night intolerable — such delays with our leather ! The stage is two
hours late already.
Old Lady (with basket on her arm). — It all comes from trying
to rush things so. I don't know what the world is coming to !
Running this mail-coach every day — no wonder it tempts Provi-
dence. Colonel Jones never had such trouble when he was driving
Citizen. — But a mail-coach only three times a week for a grow-
ing town was impossible ! Mercifully we've got beyond those
dark ages now !
Manufacturer. — But we're not where we ought to be yet.
Until North Bridgewater has railroad connections, we'll be be-
hind the times. We can't begin to do the business we should if
we had an even chance with railroad towns.
Postmaster. — Still, business has picked up considerable here
in the Postoffice lately. Close to a hundred dollar income last
Manufacturer. — Wait till the new road is opened, and you'll see
Small Boy (looking off toward the north). — Hi! The stage
is coming ! Look, here she is !
(An old-fashioned stage coach brings up before the group at
the Postoffice. The driver gets down, handing the Postmaster a
small sack of mail, and the manufacturer two or three sides of
leather. The Postmaster looks over letters and deals out several
to bystanders. The manufacturer passes over the leather to the
waiting employees, who at once hasten off with it.)
_ Stage Driver (wiping a perspiring brow). -Guess my business
is about played out. They say the new road's getting ready to
open for trade. (Pats horse.) You won't stand much show
against them steam engines, Billy.
Old Lady.— 'Twill be a long time, Jabez, afore they find any-
thing can equal horses. As for them dizzying trains, I, for one
will never risk my life in 'em. Why, they tell me some o' them
goes at the rate of twenty miles an hour! Think of that!
Manufacturer.— Yes, do think of it, and what it will mean to
the town when we can send our goods at such speed either north
or south !
(A Surveyor and crew of workmen are seen approaching.)
Stage Driver.— Here come the workmen from the line now.
(To the leader) Work isn't finished, is it?
Surveyor.— Yes, sir. We're going to put the first train through
Small Boy (jumping up and down).— Golly, ain't it great?
Citizen. — It will give the town a great boom.
(Whistle is heard off stage.)
Surveyor.— That's it ! That's the train coming into the station !
Small Boy (greatly excited).— She's coming! She's coming!
I'm going to see her in.
(Enter Station Agent Bennett, with several citizens.)
Manufacturer.— Here's Bennett now. Hear what he has to say.
Bennett (taking off his cap and holding it in outstretched hand
ceremoniously).— Ladies and Gentlemen, Citizens of North
Bridgewater— The first train is about to arrive at Centre Village
depot ! The Braintree and Fall River Branch of the Old Colony
Road is now opened.
Manufacturer.— Three cheers I say ! Three cheers for the new
line ! (They are given with a will.) And three more for Station
Agent Bennett !
(More cheers are given, with waving of hats and handker-
chiefs. The whistle is heard again. The crowd starts to move
oft*. The small boy runs on ahead, looking back to beckon ea-
Small Boy. — Come on, come on ! We all want to see her in !
Episode III. — Scene II.
Dr. Hichborn : George P. Johnson.
J. R. Perkins : William G. Rowe.
Capt. L. Richmond : Philip D. Richmond.
C. L. Sproul : George W. Alden.
A. L. Harmon : T. F. Crawford.
Spirit of War : Anna Cote.
Volunteer : J. B. McFarland.
Citizen: W. G. Smith.
Galen Edson : Leroy B. Perkins.
Volunteer : William K. Carroll.
Volunteer: Rosse Burrill.
W. J. Martland : Mace Gay.
North Bridgewater Brass Band, members of Com-
pany F, Light Dragoons, citizens of the
town, mothers and children.
In Charge of Douglas Employees Relief Association.
William F. Brady, Leader.
[North Bridgewater's response at the outbreak of the Civil
War is indicative of the spirit of patriotism which has ever been
manifest in the citizens of the town. The first call for troops
came in April, 1861, following the attack upon Fort Sumter.
At a patriotic meeting held in the New Jerusalem Church, more
than 100 men volunteered for service. These men formed the
larger part of Company F, 12th Massachusetts Regiment, com-
manded by Col. Fletcher Webster, only son of the famou.t Marsh-
field statesman, Daniel Webster. He was killed in ba tie near
Bull Run on July 30. The local Post 13 bears his name.
The departure of the troops from the town on April 29, 1861,
was the occasion of a great patriotic demonstration. The North
Bridgewater Brass Band headed a procession of citizens who
escorted the departing company to the railroad station and to
Boston. This band, under William J. Martland, was attached to
the 12th Regiment, and is said to have become the favorite band
of General Sherman.
Captain Lucius Richmond, in command of the popular "Light
Dragoons" of the town, soon had his men enlisted, and their ser-
vices offered to the nation. The offer was speedily accepted. The
new company, known as Company I, First Regiment Massachu-
setts Cavalry, left the town in September, '61, and rendered no-
table service during the war. It is estimated that a total number
of 700 men was furnished the nation by the town of North
Bridgewater. There are 74 recorded deaths. The rotunda and
corridors of City Hall bear tablets and paintings commemorating
the valor of these heroes. In Perkins Park a monument was
erected in their honor in 1907.]
To the strains of martial music. Veterans of the G. A. R. take
place upon the stage to witness the scene.
Citizens of the town begin to gather. They represent many
callings — fanners with hoes or hay rakes, town officers, laborers
with dinner pails, children coming from school, women with
From an opposite direction appears a red figure, the flaming
Spirit of War. She hurries forward, with sword drawn, appar-
ently urging on a young man ( Doctor — later Captain — Hich-
born), who waves aloft a telegram.
As the War Spirit approaches, the crowd shrinks back in fear.
Mothers call their children close about them. Men raise a
clenched fist as if to ward off the malign influence as it circulates
Dr. Hichborn (calling as he approaches). — A telegram! News
from the Capital ! The Rebels have fired upon Fort Sumter !
(The people utter exclamations of alarm and dread.)
President Lincoln has issued a call for troops!
Citizen Perkins. — And we will answer it ! North Bridgewater
is always ready to do her duty!
( The crowd cheers enthusiastically.)
Woman's Voice. — Does it mean our boys must go ?
(Murmurs of dread from the women.)
Hichborn. — Would you prevent them?
Perkins. — It is to save the nation !
A Volunteer. — A glorious cause, boys ! Come on ! What do
you say ?
(Alpheus Harmon steps forward.)
Harmon. — You can't die but once, boys. I, for one, am ready
(A burst of cheering greets this offer. Several young men
step forward now. Among them are John S. Stoddard, Uriah
Macoy and Charles L. Sproul.)
Sproul. — -We also are ready to go.
(Galen Edson, James B. Sampson, Walter D. Packard, Hiram
Copeland come forward.)
Edson. — Will yon put us down also?
(More cheering from the crowd. The women gather admir-
ingly about the new recruits, pinning flowers to buttonholes and
evincing admiration for their courage and dread at the necessary
parting. As the recruits begin to fall into line, music is heard in
the distance. Shouts go up. "Our Band ! Billy Martland ! The
North Bridgewater Brass Band !" There are twenty men besides
the leader. The band marches to the head of the line. Captain
Lucius Richmond rides upon the scene accompanied by a number
of the "North Bridgewater Light Dragoons." There is cheering
as they salute and offer their services as escort to the departing
"First Company of Volunteers." The citizens fall into line at
the rear. There is much cheering, waving of hats, handkerchiefs
and banners. As the band plays, the procession marches forward,
all singing in a great chorus, "We're Coming, Father Abraham."
VISIT OF CHRISTINE NILSSON
Episode III. — Scene III.
Mile. Nilsson : Ellen Nelson.
Vieuxtemps, violinist : Edward White.
Signor Brignoli, tenor : Joseph Rodolphele.
Signor Verger, baritone: Wilfred Richard.
Miss Cary, contralto : Nora A. Lagergren.
Accompanist : Charles Phillips.
Manager, Max Strakosch : Bruno Arrata.
Pastor Lindeblad : Conrad B. Mansbach.
Little Girl : Barbara Elizabeth Appleton.
Swedish citizens, people of the audience.
In charge of Lutheran Male Chorus,
Emil Lagergren, Leader.
[Mile. Christine Nilsson, the famous Swedish singer, visited
North Bridgewater November 13, 1870. She contributed her
services and those of her concert company for the benefits of the
Bethesda Lutheran Church at Campello. This is said to have
been the first Swedish church built in New England. The con-
cert was given in the Auditorium of the First Universalist Church,
standing at that time on East Elm Street. The sum of $2,000
was realized from the concert. Mile. Nilsson sang her famous
"Swedish Melodies" at the close of the program. In response to
an encore, she sang "Old Folks at Home." Her sympathetic
rendering of this song moved many of her compatriots to tears.
Vieuxtemps, the famous violin virtuoso and composer, was a
member of her troupe. He played his exquisite "Reverie." In
responding to an encore, his choice of "Yankee Doodle" is said
to have somewhat shocked the more sensitive members of the
At the close of the concert, the prima donna was given a recep-
tion in the vestry of the church. Pastor Lindeblad addressed
her in the Swedish tongue, expressing the gratitude of the people
of his church for her generous efforts in their behalf. A Song
of Praise, in which Mile. Nilsson joined in singing with her com-
patriots, ended the event.]
The scene represents the concert of November 13, 1870, and
the reception which followed. Mile. Nilsson sings "The Old
Folks at Home" with her compatriots. Pastor Lindeblad con-
gratulates her and expresses gratitude for his people. A little
girl presents the prima donna with a bouquet.
'As Countess de Miranda of Sweden, deceased November 22. 1921.
RECHRISTENING THE TOWN
Episode III. — Scene IV.
B. O. Caldwell : Kenneth D. Hamilton.
C. C. Bixbv, Master of Ceremonies :
James P. Keith.
R. H. Kimball, Proposer of Toast:
Ernest \Y. Stedman.
H. W. Robinson, Merchant : F. A. Winship.
A. T. Jones, Editor : Charles F. Winsor.
Charles R. Ford, Selectman :
G. Edgar Russell.
Isaac Kingman, Selectman :
William J. Loheecl.
Welcome H. Wales, Selectman : Elijah Keith.
Male singers, citizens, Martland's Band.
In charge of Walk Over Club,
Mr. Philip Cote, Leader.
| The development of the shoe industry during and soon after
the Civil War brought a rapid growth to the town. Many pro-
gressive citizens felt that the name of "North Bridgewater" was
unsuitable for a town which bade fair, within the next few years,
to become a large city. Appropriate names were sought far and
near, and many curious ones proposed. Standish, Oriole, Pyrola
and Amburg, were among early suggestions. The Legislature
was petitioned to change the town's name to ''Standish." No
sooner had a favorable reply been received than a preference was
expressed for the names of "Stanton" and "Amburg."
Norwood, Allerton and Avon — the latter a favorite with many
citizens — followed in succession. It remairfed for a well-known
business man, Mr. Ira Copeland, to bring from a Canadian visit
the name, which on account of its individuality and terseness, was
most generally approved — the name "Brockton." The advocates
of the name of "Avon" were loath to surrender their choice.
Rivalry between the two factions waxed strong. At length, the
night before the voting day, a mammoth torchlight procession was
arranged by the advocates of "Brockton." The procession is
recorded as "one of the finest parades ever witnessed in our
The evening following, when the name "Brockton" had been
chosen by a large majority vote, a banquet was held by prominent
citizens- — advocates of "Avon" and "Brockton" alike— at the
"Washburn House," corner of School and Main Streets. The
house was rechristened "Brockton House." There was speech-
making by the shining lights of the town. A toast was proposed
to the departed name "North Bridgewater." With the singing
of "Auld Lang Syne" the company broke up, "forgetting the
momentary acerbities of the campaign, recalling the fact that
their interests in the welfare of the town were identical, pledging
their mutual assistance to build up and strengthen the prosperity
of the place, and to give to whatever name it shall bear, a worthy
character and an honorable reputation."]
The scene represents Main Street, North Bridgewater, at the
time of the famous torchlight procession, May 4, 1874, the
evening before the final choice of a new name for the town was
The procession enters to stirring music by the North Bridge-
water Brass Band. Marshal Caldwell appears on horseback. Many
citizens follow. They carry torches, banners and transparencies.
The inscriptions displayed indicate the varied preferences as to
a choice of name.
"Wouldn't 'Brockton Shoe'
Sound good to you?"
is one which arouses enthusiasm. "All for Allerton" is carried
by another group. "We're for Standish," and "Why not Ara-
burg?" are others. "Avon Is Our Choice" and "The Avon Re-
serves" meet popular approval. Each group is lustily cheered as
it passes. There is a cavalcade of horses. Wagons bring up
the rear. The Town Fathers, in all the dignity of "tall hats,"
ride in a "barouche."
With the passing of the procession a group of citizens assemble,
representing the gathering at the "Washburn House," the fol-
lowing night, for a banquet. The sign "Washburn House" is
removed and "Brockton House" substituted. Cheers are given
for the new name. A citizen proposes a toast to the departed
name of "North Bridgewater." The band plays the opening-
bars of "Auld Lang Syne" and all sing heartily.
Interlude — Vision of the Coming City.
Again the Vision appears — this time more distinctly seen, and
accompanied by the figures of Peace and Prosperity. She has
begun to assume reality with the passing of years. The "builders
of the town" have labored unceasingly. Their industry is bring-
ing reward in the expansion of the town. They now look forward
to the coming city.
OUR POET, BRYANT
William Cullen Bryant : John F. Scully.
Fame : Lucille Bouldry.
Poetry : Phyllis Fanning.
Yellow Violet: Mildred Packard.
Fringed Gentian : Gladys Roach.
Love : James William Tonis.
Folly: Richard Tonis.
In Charge of the Bryant Memorial Association,
Miss Susan M. Doane, Leader.
[The celebrated poet, William Cullen Bryant, was of North
Bridgewater parentage. Both his father. Dr. Peter Bryant, and
his mother, Sarah Snell, were born in the old town. As a youth
of twenty, the poet came in 1814 to reside for a year at the home
of his grandparents on Belmont Street, while pursuing law studies
with a "well-instructed jurist," William Baylies of West Bridge-
water. In 1815 he was admitted to the bar. Two years later, the
North American Review published his poem, "Thanatopsis,"
which has been characterized as "the most remarkable poem ever
written by a young man." A few years later he abandoned law
for literature, meeting the success that is well known. Among
the poems undoubtedly of North Bridgewater inspiration are the
verses of "The Yellow Violet." The dainty blossoms grew in
profusion near the old homestead.
In August, 1874, the poet again visited his ancestral home. In
a letter to a friend, he refers to "the house where my grandfather,
Dr. Philip Bryant, lived, and the graveyard, where he and his
wife, Silence, lie buried beside my great-grandparents." The
house stands west of the Brockton Fair Grounds, at 815 Belmont
Street, and today bears a Bryant tablet. The graveyard is nearly
opposite the house.
At the time of this, his last visit, the poet was in his eightieth
year. He is described by one who saw him as "tall, straight and
handsome, with majestic white beard, and sharp, shining eyes."]
The scene represents the poet, at the time of his last visit to
Brockton, in August, 1874, at the age of eighty.
He is accompanied by the symbolic figures of Fame with i
laurel wreath, Poetry with a lyre, and three children of his Muse:
"The Yellow Violet," "The Fringed Gentian" and "Love and
The Fringed Gentian :
"Then doth thy sweet and quiet eye
Look through its fringes to the sky.
Blue — blue — as if that sky let fall
A flower from its cerulean wall."
The Yellow Violet :
"When beechen buds begin to swell.
And woods the blue-birds warble know.
The yellow violet's modest bell
Peeps from the last year's leaves below."
Love and Folly :
"As once beneath the fragrant shade,
>(: * ^ s|s >jc ^
The children, Love and Folly, played."
THE FIRST BROCKTON FAIR
October 7, 8, 9, 1874.
In charge of The Twentieth Century Catholic Club,
Miss Abigail Kinney, Leader.
[On October 7, 8 and 9, 1874, occurred the First Annual Exhi-
bition of the Brockton Agricultural Society. To furnish capital,
$8,960 of stock was sold in shares of $10 each. Successful from
the first, the subsequent yearly exhibitions of the Society have
contributed in an immeasurable degree to the city's progress.
In the Gazette account of the opening exhibition in 1874, we
find that the "show of fowls" and the "department of neat stock"
were particularly commended. There was a tent instead of the
present exhibition hall ; the fancy articles displayed were described
as "multifarious in pattern and design, often mysterious in their
A baseball match between the King Philips of Rockland and
the Howard Club of Brockton was one of the field attractions.
On the closing day, a "Fireman's Trial," as it was termed, brought
twenty-five fire engines from towns as far distant as Danvers,
Marlboro and Provincetown, for a contest of power. The Han-
cocks of the "West Shares," now Brockton Heights, won the first
prize, and, in addition, were presented with a large broom, to
indicate their sweeping victory. The gate receipts of $4,750 for
the fair of 1874 compares interestingly with those of $157,567 in
The gates of the first Brockton Fair are opened. People are
arriving in large numbers. A medley of characteristic sounds
is heard. Exhibitors are bringing pent-up fowl in hen-coops ;
pigs, heifers, all manner of animals. Farmers drive in with
wagons filled with squashes. Women bring afghans of brilliant
hue, quilts, fancy work of the period, baskets of pears and apples.
Venders pass through the crowd hawking their wares. Balloons
are popular with all. Popcorn is displayed in open carts. "Sir
William Wallace," well blanketed, is led past by a stable boy,
being exercised between the "Free-for-All Class" races. The
Photo by Wilson.
THE BROCKTON FAIR OF TODAY.
red shirts of the "Hancock" firemen give color to the scene. The
engine is proudly displayed and the broom given to the company
as a trophy of victory over twenty-five other contestants in the
"Fireman's Trial" of the day.
Members of the baseball nines, the "King Philips'' from Rock-
land and the "Howards" from Brockton, are seen "passing ball."
A carryall drives in, bearing the placard, "Charter Member,"
filled to overflowing with children and guests of the family, "free
admission" being one of the assured privileges of charter members.
ARRIVAL OF THE CITY
Episode TV. —Scene III.
Heralds: Richard Allen. Harold Ellis.
George Franklin Jacobs, Kenneth Sampson.
Bearer of City Charter: Mrs. H. B. Caswell.
Industry: Mrs. H. C. Nichols.
Faith : Mrs. W. E. Shaw.
The City : Mrs. Roger Keith.
Education : Mrs. Carlton Leach.
Tolerance : Mrs. William Wells,
justice: Mrs. W. R. J. Marks.
Peace: Mrs. Justin Keith.
Thrift : Mrs. I. A. Rogers.
Perseverance : Mrs. Henry Perkins.
Charity : Mrs. C. F. Bachelder.
Truth: Mrs. F. W. Wormelle.
Prosperity : Mrs. Emory C. Wixon.
Temperance: Mrs. Harris Fleming.
Bearers of Seal : Mrs. Raymond Drake,
Mrs. Warren Packard.
Procession of the Arts: Opportunity Circle.
Procession of the Industries :
Joint Shoe Council.
In charge of Woman's Club,
Mrs. Ralph G. Swain, Leader.
ARRIVAL OF THE CITY.
Photo by Merrill
[A dream of many years was realized, when, on April 9, 1881,
the Act of Incorporation of the City of Brockton was passed by
the Legislature. The inaugural ceremonies took place in the
"Opera House" in Bryant Block. Chairman H. H. Packard of
the Board of Selectmen presided. In presenting the Mayor-elect,
Ziba C. Keith, he referred to him as "the first Mayor of the first
city of Plymouth County."
Governor Long brought the greetings of the State of Massa-
chusetts in an address of congratulation and encouragement to
the new city: "This is an event which, transforming your town
into a city of 15,000 inhabitants, with a valuation of nearly $7,-
000,000, marks the rapid growth and the centering of great manu-
facturing and business interests. Let us endeavor to be worthy
of the Old Colony, worthy of our ancient Plymouth County, of
the Commonwealth, of the old town unsurpassed in the character
of its people, — in the contributions it has made to every depart-
ment of the intelligent progress of Massachusetts."]
A fanfare of trumpets is heard in the distance. This is followed
by the strains of a stately march. Four Heralds, announcing the
coming of the City, enter blowing golden trumpets. The Bearer
of the City Charter follows. Beneath a canopy, upheld by four
Civic Virtues : Faith, Tolerance, Industry and Education, comes
the City. She is attended by eight other Civic Virtues : Justice,
Peace, Perseverance, Thrift, Prosperity, Truth, Charity, Tem-
perance. Bearers of the City Seal follow. The City takes her
place upon the throne, surrounded by her attendants. The Her-
alds again sound their trumpets. Processions of the City's Arts
and Industries enter. Among the Arts are: Music, Painting,
Drama, Sculpture, Song, Dancing, Elocution, Poetry, Architec-
ture, Engraving, Embroidery, and Photography.
The industries include the manufactures of Shoes, Lasts,
Boxes, Shoe Patterns, Shoe Tools, Machinery, Knives, Webbing,
Rands, Welts, Box Toes, Heels, Dies, Leather, Brooms, Black-
ing, Garments, and Hardware.
SONG OF THE CITY
Music by Edward Elgar.
The City walks in queenly state,
Rejoice, O children free!
Guard well her future, and the fate
Of Civic majesty.
Of Justice, may her sceptre be,
Her jewel, golden Youth,
Her royal robe, sweet Charity,
Her diadem, fair Truth.
Sing the City's glory !
Unity, her shield.
Visions of our fathers,
In her power revealed.
Onward still her progress,
Fair be her renown,
God who made men brothers,
Star with Peace her crown !
ARBITRATION AND INDUSTRIAL PEACE*
Episode IV. — Scene IV.
Discord : Daisy Driver.
Arbitration : Marion Pope.
In 1898, the Boot and Shoe Workers' Union offered to the
employers in the shoe trade and their employees, a plan by which
arbitration of industrial disputes could be substituted for strikes
and lockouts. It was no wonder that business men of vision and
acumen, having in mind the experience of the previous decade
and looking forward to the future in the marketing of the product
through their own stores, realized the need of joining with
employees in the introducing of arbitration into the industrial life
of Brockton. Within five years nearly all the shoe manufactur-
ing concerns of the city adopted this plan and have since utilized
its principles as a basis for regulating affairs with the employees.
* Omitted in production.
For more than a score of years, Brockton has practically elim-
inated the strike and lockout from its industrial life, established
permanent relations between workman and employer and given
to the world practical demonstrations of a program by which rea-
son, instead of force, can decide the issues arising between labor
and capital.] *
The City views from her dais the coming of her Arts and
Industries. They arrive to stately music and take place either
side her throne. The Industries are a united group. Peace and
Justice stand near the City's dais, prominent among the Civic
There is a clash in the harmonious music. The figure of Dis-
cord, in yellow-green, appears. At her approach there is a move-
ment of unrest among the group of Industries Peace trembles
as she advances menacingly toward her ; she raises a protesting
hand. Discord continues her threats and Peace sadly steps down
from her place and leaves the City. Discord whispers words of
dissension into the ears of the Industries. The group separates
into two factions — representing now Labor and Capital. The
leaders appeal to the City. She bids Justice decide between them.
Justice, balancing in her golden scales the arguments presented,
announces that Arbitration alone can settle the grievances. Arbi-
tration is summoned. She listens impartially to both leaders.
Discord is driven away. Then, uniting the two factions into a
solid group again, she summons Peace, who returns gladly to her
place near the City's throne.
* From information furnished by Mr. John P. Meade, Deputy
State Commissioner of Labor.
Interlude: ELECTRICITY'S TOUCH
In 1883, the newly-incorporated city of Brockton was honored
by a visit of a week from the "Wizard of Menlo Park" — Thomas
The occasion of his stay was the opening on October 1 of the
Edison Electric Lighting Station, and his interest in the workings
of the first three-wire undergound lighting system ever installed.
Brockton may also claim the first theatre ever lighted from a
central station, the first residence so lighted, and the first fire-
engine house, the latter equipped to light all lamps at night and
to liberate the horses with the striking of the alarm.
This underground system was especially welcome in Brockton
on account of the large and beautiful trees which at that time
adorned the principal streets.
For two years this was the show plant of the Edison company,
many other cities coming here to observe, and later to adopt, the
Brockton system of lighting.
Spirit of Electricity: Miss Alice Thibeault.
The Spirit of Electricity appears before the City group. She
carries a magic wand tipped with a mysterious power. As she
dances, arrayed in dazzling blue, she raises aloft her wand, and
behold, its magic power sets myriads of stars a-twinkling, and
the whole city is bathed in beautiful light.
The dread War Spirit again appears, leading forward the sol-
diers of the National Guard and the American Legion. Her
presence indicates the part the city took in the World War of 1914-
1918, when ninety-nine of the city's gallant sons made the supreme
The City welcomes the later pilgrims. National groups salute
the City. Among the nations represented are the Greek, Syrian,
Lithuanian, Polish, Italian, Armenian, Portuguese, Albanian, and
Scandinavian. They carry the flags of their native countries. As
they join the City's province, they receive the American flag,
thereby indicating their acceptance of American ideals, and the
desire of the City to aid them in becoming worthy citizens.
The strength of the fraternal element in the city's life is shown
by the procession of members of fraternal orders, who now march
upon the stage in great numbers.
As the vast numbers fill the stage, the strains of the National
Anthem are heard and audience and pageanters join in a grand
chorus, voicing their unity of purpose in carrying forward the
great ideals upon which Brockton was founded — Freedom,
National Allegiance, and the Brotherhood of Man.
WILLIAM T. CARD
Chairman I'ageant Book Committee, Member Centennial Book Committee
CAST OF CHARACTERS
Editor's Note. — The Cast is unfortv.nc/ely inaccurate through
the practical impossibility of correction after the Production. The
list has been partially revised, with the assistance of Episode
Leaders. In general it is printed as in The Original Pageant
Prologue : the Wilderness Perley Harriman
In charge of the Matron's Club Elwin Hodge
Episode Leader: Mrs. William Choler ton Florence Blakeman
Dancing Director : Mae MeGee
Nature : Mrs. J. F. Scully
Spirits of the Plain
Spirits of the Forest
George Leach Chapman
EPISODE I — SCENE I
In charge of the Matronalias
Episode Leader : Mrs. Charles Lawrence
Meda, a Medicine Man : C. H. Chevigny
Chief Ousamequin : David Jewell
Scout : David Jewell. Jr.
Tisquantum : Stephen CotS
Calumet Bearer : John McCutcheon
Braves : George Leach Chapman.
Fred French, Jr.
Members of Tribe
Celia W. Hammond
Mrs. Wallace Hill
Mrs. David Jewell
Allan H. Jacobs
Mildred A. Smith
Dorothy J. Whitney
Gladys T. Whitney
EPISODE I — SCENE 2
Purchase of the Land
In charge of the Press Club
Episode Leader: William G. Kilner
Miles Standish : Charles C. Carr
Constant Southworth : Harold C.
Samuel Nash : Harry W. Norman
Two Duxbury Men : William Price,
First Settler : J. William MacPherson
Wife : Mrs. Elsie R. Clough
Child: Pearl Blanchard
Other Settlers :
George M. Adams
Harold D. Bent
Everett L. Emery
Irving S. Fisher
Roy E. Jennings
Carl A. Loring
Harry W. Sails
Emory C. Wixon
EPISODE I— SCENE 3
The First Settler and the New
In charge of the South Parish Club
Episode Leader : Alice Shurtleff
Nature : Mrs. John F. Scully
Spirits of the Forest
North : Marie Cot6
South : Ida Horton
East : Florence Davy
West : E. Rubie Capen
Marion L. Keith
Beatrice <>•'•>•;. n
I, ciira Lutz
EPISODE II — SCENE 1
In charge of the Porter and
Episode Leaders : Mrs. B. D. Colwell,
Mrs. L. T. Briggs
Song Leader : Grace James
Rev. John Porter : Rev. Warren P.
Mrs. Porter : Mrs. Edward Plummer
Philip S. Holmes
Ruth E. Vaughn
Tithing-Man : Emorv Wixon
Man and Wife (Pillion Stvle) :
Budd D. Colwell. Madaleine Ellis
Capt. Isaac Packard : Charles Barden
Deacon Edson : Jesse Perkins
Jonathan Cary : Eben Tilden
Dr. Philip Bryant : Albert H. Gifford
Capt. Barnabas Howard:
Isaaeher Snell, Esq. : Allison Baldwin
Josiah Perkins : Henry Perkins
Jabez Field : Dwight Powell
Abia Keith : Chandler D. Hall
Henry Kingman : Edward Plummer
Mrs. A. L. Beals
Mrs. L. T. Briggs
Mrs. Francis Drake
Mrs. Charles Dunham
Mrs. Mace Gav
Mrs. Chandler D. Hall
Mrs. Fred Holmes
Mrs. R. P. Kelley
.Mrs. L. B. Packard
Mrs. Dwight Powell
Mrs. David Niles
Mrs. Ida Short
Mrs. Herbert Thomas
Mrs. Eben Tilden
Mrs. E. Upton
EPISODE II— SCENE 2
First Town Meeting
In charge of the Rotary Club
Episode Leader : Horace Richmond
Caleb Howard, .Tustic of Peace:
Lemuel French, Freehold Inhabitant :
Joseph Sylvester, Moderator :
C. C. King
Col. Edward Southworth, Town
Clerk and Treasurer:
L. E. Chamberlain
Abel Kingman, Selectman :
Howard Carey, Selectman :
Capt. Zaehariah Gurney :
George N. Gordon
Benjamin Ames, Constable :
Eliphalet Kingman : Frank Kingman
Rev. Daniel Huntington : M. A. Davis
Storekeeper : Robert Fraser
Doctor : George A. Thatcher
Inn Keeper: George Priest
Storekeeper : Paul Jones
Lawyer : Bernard Saxton
Prominent Citizen : J. Frank Beal
Doctor : H. A. Keith
Notary and Justice of Peace :
Storekeeper : Harry H. Williams
William G. Allen
George E. Boiling
William F. Daly
Davis M. DeBard
Raymond E. Drake
Charles R. Felton
Samuel W. Goddard
Everett S. Hall
Henry C. Hatch
Frank S. Howard
Lester S. Howard
Fred B. Leonard
W. B. Atwood
P.. W. Iris
F. F. Johnson
Michael D. Long
Robert W. MacMillan
Alfred W. Nelson
Fred L. Packard
Warren B. Packard
A. Roger Terkins
Frank L. Price
Warren S. Shaw
A. Loring Smith
George W. Smith
F. W. Sproul
Henrv C. Sylvester
Frank A. Ton : s
Wilford H. Wallace
Alfred H. Wilbur
Micah Faxon : F. S. Faxon
EPISODE II — SCENE 3
Mis' Jones' School
In charge of the Grade Teachers'
Episode Leader : Persis H. Maxson
Mrs. Nathan Jones : Arlena F. Russell
Sue A. Cousens
Ruth W. EUiott
Nellie W. Emery
Katherine L. Flint
Helen K. Howard
Hattie L. Leonard
Louise X. Marvel
Bertha M. Ogden
Helen P. Robbins
Ellen C. Rooney
Inez E. Smith
Mary J. Southwick
Edith L. Sullivan
Geneva M. Young
EPISODE TT — SCENE 4
In charge of tne Ten Times One Club
Episode Leader :
Mrs. Sprague S. Baker
Mistress Kingman :
Mrs. Charles R. Storey
Mr. Kingman : Charles R. Storey
Fiddler : Laurence C. Shaw
Mrs. Clarence Baker, 2nd
Mrs. Albert Bolster
Mrs. Lloyd A. Emery
Mrs. Fred F. Field
Mrs. Andrew C. Gibbs
Mrs. George W. Howland
Mrs. Harold V. Lawson
Mrs. Laurence S. Miller
Mrs. Lewis E. Rye
Mrs. Lawrence C. Shaw
Mrs. Harold S. Swain
Mrs. Herbert M. Willis
Clarence M. Baker, 2nd
Sprague S. Baker
A. T. Eldridge
Chas. O. Emerson, Jr.
Lloyd A. Emery
Andrew C. Gibbs
George W. Howland
Lawrence L. Miller
Lewis E. Rye
Harold S. Swain
EPISODE III — SCENE 1
Coming of Railroad
In charge of the Maids and
Episode Leader :
Mrs. George C. Keyes
Shoe Manufacturer : Lester Packard
An Old Lady : Mrs. Clinton W. Delano
Postmaster Southwick : Ernest Jackson
A Citizen : Chester Gilbert
Stage Driver Jabez Gould :
F. Ernest Mackie
A Surveyor : G. Ernest Spear
Small Boy : Ralph Spear
Station Agent Bennett :
Town's People :
Mrs. Alfred G. Barnfield
Mrs. Joseph Burnham
Mrs. A. T. Ensui-
Mrs. H. F. Mohr
Mrs. Lester Packard
A. G. Barnfield
Henry F. Mohr
Lester Packard, Jr.
Mrs. Paul Field
Mrs. Edgar Ward
Mrs. James Hasey
Mrs. Percy Janes
Mrs. Thomas Hartling
Mrs. George Young
Mrs. Frank Dickenson
Mrs. Percy Groten
Mrs. Arthur Ward
Mrs. George Wilson
Mrs. Harry Lanes
Mrs. Bert Moore
Mrs. Oliver Poole
Mrs. Margaret Duffleld
EPISODE III — SCENE 2
In charge of the Douglas Employes'
Episode Leader : Wm. F. Brady
J. R. Perkins : Emil F. Ohmert
Capt. I. Richmond : P. D. Richmond
Dr. Hichborn :
George Packard Johnson
C. L. Sproul : G. W. Alden
A. L. Harmon : T. F. Crawford
Spirit of War : Anna Cote'
Volunteer : J. B. Macfarlane
Citizen : W. G. Smith
Galen Edson : Leroy B. Perkins
Volunteer : William K. Carroll
Volunteer : Rosse Burrill
W. J. Martland : Mace Gay
Woman : Evangeline Crawford
Fletcher Webster Post No. 13,
G. A. R.
Com. Winfleld S. Groton
Stanton F. Bourne
Andrew C. Gibus
Women's Relief Corps
Josie Carter: President
Mrs. o. C. Blair
Camp 17 R. B. Grover, Sons of
J. B. McFarland : Captain
Daughters of Veterans
Eva Crawford : President
L. Jennie Sampson
W. J. Martland Band. 1861 —
W. J. Martland Band, 1921
W. J. Martland : Mace Gay, Leader
Amasa S. Glover : Frank Abbott
Thaddeus M. Packard : Ernest Bouldry
George E. Sturtevant : Louis Carroll
Robert S. White r Wilson P. Crafts
Lucius H. Packard : Walter H. Damon
Henry C. Packard : J. F. Doherty
Richard P.. Atkinson : J. B. Edson
William Dubois: Ralph Goodwin
George A. Bates : John Hoban
Samuel C. Perkins: Damon Hoyt
Isaac C. Dunham : William Julius
John B. Emmes : E. F. Manning
Joseph Kennedy : W. T. Nickerson
Fernando DeArgome : Waldo Packard
Minot Thayer : Elmer C. Shaw
Nathaniel Carver: Guy Smith
John Calnan : Charles Sullivan
James S. Bean : L. A. Wardwell
Louis A. Beaumont : Earle Wells
Charles M. Capin : Ernest Wineburg
Battery E — First Regiment Field
Artillery, Mass. National Guard.
Capt. Lawrence Kingman
Carl II. Anderson
Edward A. Connell
Francis J. Connell
Andrew O. Cole
Owen F. Conway
Eugene F. Connolly
Roger C. Fisher
Robert D. Keith
Hiram M. Kimball
Augustus L. Locket ti
CHILDREN FROM THE BRYANT GROUP. Photo by Jacobs.
GOING TO CHURCH PILLION STYLE. Photo by Jacobs.
Joseph W. Laverty
Joseph W. Mannix
James E. McCabe
William C. McCabe
Edward W. McCabe
Harry M. Morse
Clyde F. Moody
Lewis J. Rnchinan
George R. Wood
Douglas Employees' Relief
Mrs. Maud Bagnell
Mrs. B. Burgess
Esther G. Christiansen
Marion E Howard
Helen S. Matthews
Madeline G. Kenney
Bertha N. Petkon
Mary A. Smith
William F. Bradley
C. P. Burnham
William K. Carroll
Association II. Derosier
II. <'. Porbush
S. C. Gay
Harry W. Hill
Charles M. Horton
P. E. Jackson
Lloyd L. Johnson
M. J. Lavelle
G. II. Mather
\V. E. McBride
J. P. McLean
Leon L. Nevins
James P. O'Connell
Lerov B. Perkins
W. G. Smith
.1. J. Sullivan
W. E. Sweeney
John J. Toomey
EPISODE III — SCENE 3
Visit of Christine Nilsson
In charge of Lutheran Male Chorus
Episode Leader: Emil Lagergren
Director of Music: Hjalmer Preberg
Mile. Nilsson: Ellen Nelson
Yiettxtemps, violinist : Edward White
Si "nor Brignoli : Joseph Rodophele
Gisnor Verger : Wilfred Richard
Miss Cary : Nora A. Lagergren
Pastor Lindeblad: Conrad B. Mansbach
Little Girl :
Barbara Elizabeth Appleton
Max Strakosch : Bruno Arratta
Accompanist : Charles Phillips
Male Chorus — Hjalmer Freberg,
Adolph E. Anderson
William N. Anderson
Carl G. Poison
Axel M. Anderson
Evald C. Anderson
C. Fred Hillberg
Carl N. Johnson
Frank E. Johnson
Earl W. Mansbach
Everett W. Nelson
Chester T. Swanson
Mrs. Alma Anderson
Mrs. Mamie Drowns
Mrs. Oscar Enlund
Mrs. Ellen Freberg
Mrs. Clara Freberg
Mrs. Harry Gustafson
Mrs. Minnie Hillberg
Mrs. Emma Hillberg
Mrs. Edith Johnson
Mrs. Annie Johnson
Mrs. Florence Lindskog
Mrs. Minnie Lofgren
Mrs. J. Lundin
Mrs. Selma Moberg
Neale R. Nelson
Mrs. S. Olson
Mrs. Lillie Petterson
Mrs. Ella Ryder
Mrs. Jennie Steele
Mrs. Eva Werner
Mrs. Eba Wingren
EPISODE III — SCENE 4
Rechristening the Town
In charge of the Walk -Over Club
Episode Leader : Philip Cot6
Song Leader : E. W. Stedman
B. O. Caldwell:
Kenneth D. Hamilton
C. C. Bixby, Master of
Ceremonies : James P. Keith
R. H. Kimball, Proposer of
Toast : Ernest W. Stedman
II. W. Robinson, Merchant :
F. A. Winship
A. T. Jones, Editor :
Charles F. Winsor
Charles R. Ford, Selectman :
G. Edgar Russell
Isaac Kingman : William J. Loheed
Welcome H. Wales, Selectman :
J. W. Behn
C. I), ("hasp
H. T. Gaffney
W. B. Gerrick
Waif red Holmes
G. M. Howard
J oh n Johnson
E. M. Kenna
H. E. Knowles
W. P. Lagerstedt
J. H. Manchester
A. L. Moors
Frank Mo ran
< '. Ness
E. A. Nokes
Robert D. Parker
P. R. Roach
G. A. Sastin
H. L. Scribner
G. W. Smith
W. A. Smith
S. W. Turner
E. B. Winslow
EPISODE IV — SCENE 1
Our Poet, Bryant
In charge of the Bryant Memorial
Episode Leader : Susan M. Doane
Wm. Cullen Bryant : John P. Scully
Fame : Lucille Bouldry
Poetry : Phyllis Panning
Yellow Violet : Mildred Packard
Fringed Gentian : Gladys Roach
Love : James William Tonis
Folly : Richard Tonis
EPISODE IV— SCENE 2
First Brockton Fair
In Charge of the Twentieth Century
Episode Leader : Abigail Kinney
Mrs. J. B. Conley
Mrs. Phillip Finn
Alice Fitzpa trick
Mrs. Thomas Maguire
Mrs. Andrew Samuelson
Mrs. John W. Sullivan
Knights of Columbus
C. W. Alger
F. E. Alden
Walter A. Applclon
Allison 15a Id win
Harry C. Barnes
W. R. Bartlett
John J. Bowen
R. E. Brown
L. C. Cadorath
A. A. Caswell
A. H. Caswell
H. L. Cavanaugh
J. B. Centi
H. L. Churchill
Fred A. Clapp
M. S. Corayer
F. W. Corkum
M. F. Daley
A. L. Doten, Jr.
Francis I!. Doten
P. F. Durand
L. W. Faxon
Paul E. Field
Henry P.. Fish
W. L. Foye
Charles S. Grant
Francis A. Hall
Francis H. Hall
II. W. Hall
John L. Hansen
Charles J. Helander
Albert W. Howe
Francis D. Howe
M. A. Kingman
George C. Knowles
A. II. Leonard
John P. Lewis
E. A. Mansfield
W. D. McKay
F. L. Nickerson
W. J. Overing
A. L. Packard
C. H. Packard
P. H. Packard
John D. Palin
W. J. Phillips
L. A. Porter
W. P. Prout
W. J. Rankin
L. E. Reynolds
O. S. Reynolds
Frank II. Rhue
D. E. Robinson
H. S. Rollins
S. B. Sarty
J. B. Schofield
H. C. Simpson
H. H. A. Snow
H. M. Snow
Ira N. Snow
A. Deane Stebbins
E. R. Stewart
James W. Sweany
Roy L. Terrill
II. R. Tibbetts
E. E. Tilton
Fred B. Tower
H. J. Walker
B. S. Walsh
J. B. White
D. 10. Wilber
H. Elliott Willis
J. Sumner Willis
W. S. Willison
Charles A. Wilson
George S. Wood
EPISODE IV — SCENE 3
Arrival of the City
In charge of Woman's Club
Episode Leader : Mrs. R. G. Swain
Four Heralds : Richard Allen.
Harold Ellis. George Franklin
Jacobs, Charles Fuller. Jr.
Bearer of City Charter :
Mrs. H. B. Caswell
Industry: Mrs. II. C. Nichols
The City : Mrs. Roger Keith
Education: Mrs. Carlton Leach
Justice: Mrs. W. J. R. Marks
Thrift : Mrs. A. I. Rogers
Charity : Mrs. C. F. Batchelder
Prosperity : Mrs. Emory C. Wixon
Bearers of City Seal : Mrs. Raymond
Drake. Mrs. Warren Packard
Faith : Mrs. W. E. Shaw
Tolerance : Mrs. William Welles
Peace : Mrs. Justin Keith
Perseverance : Mrs. Henry Perkins
Truth : Mrs. F. W. Wormelle
Temperance : Mrs. Harris Fleming
Procession of Arts
In charge of Opportunity Circle
Mrs. Otis Brown : Leader
Music : Golda Weimert
Painting: Mildred Weimert
Drama : Alice Abercrombie
Sculpture : Mildred Abercrombie
Song : Bertha Porter
Elocution : Mildred Niles
Dancing: Frances Flynn
Engraving : Daisy Miller
Photography : Grace Burbank
Poetry : Ethie Stone
Embroidery : Ethel Witherell
Architecture : Helen Rollins
EPISODE IV — SCENE 4
Arbitration and Industrial Peace*
In charge of Joint Shoe Council
Spirit of Electricity, Alice Thibeault
Yankee Division Club
Edward D. Cleveland
William L. Hallet, Secretary
James W. Kedian
Robert Stephenson. President
* Omitted in Production.
Maj. James A. Frye Camp No. 20,
United Spanish War Veterans
Carl O. Winblad : Commander
Walter N. Clisbee
Louis M. Foye
John N. Fletcher
Harry M. Loud
James A. Mandevilie
J. E. Sullivan
Sabrina A. Frye Auxiliary No.
United Spanish War Veterans
Stella G. Morse
Elizabeth Culver : Leader
Group of Albanians
Mrs. J. Danelian
Mrs. Hosanna Taslijian
Mrs. A. J. Allaire
A. J. Allaire
Mrs. J. S. Phaneuf
J. S. Phaneuf
Mrs. Joseph Tongas
Greek Orthodox Community
Men from Italian Dramatic Club
Mrs. Joseph Asack
Joseph N. Harb
Mrs. Peter Hashin
Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
24, Carol Anderson
John A. Neff
Cascade Lodge, I. O. of O. L.
Daniel W. Craft: Leader
I. (). O. F. M. U.
II. E. Allen
A. L. Benson
P. S. MacLean
T. H. Pvne
A. F. Rhue
C. II. Underdown
I. O. O. L. M. U.
Mildred L. Woodward
Knights of Sherwood Forest
Martin J. Burke
Daniel J. Frawley
Frank J. Kelliher
William II. Moriarty
Paul M. Perrior
James P. Sullivan
La Societe des Artisans Canadiens
Frank X. Trinque
L'Union St. Jean Baptiste of
Clan MacDonald No. 7."., O. S. C.
R. W. Brown
Knights of Pythias
Eric G. Eke
Enterprise Lodge No. IS, K. of P.
John W. Brown
George W. Sadler
A. B. Torrence
Donald Alw 1
Calvin R. Barrett
Irving L. P.umpus
Duncan W. Edes
Henry F. Hobart
John N. Howard
Herbert .1. Pratt
W. Everett Shaw
George W. Smith
Massapoag Tribe No. Ill, Improved
Order of Red Men
Sumner P.. Churchill
Eddy D. Hitchings
G. Fred Nelson
J. A. Sherman
Walter P.. Stetson
Arthur K. Thomas
Ellen Lee Lodge
Mrs. A. M. Burnley
Mrs. Bertha Irving
Mrs. Vera Nash
Mrs. Eva I. Ward
Mrs. Hattie Alger
Mrs. May Allen
Mrs. Elsie Marine
J. A. Hill Temple
Mrs. Marian Madeau
Mrs. Emma Main
Mrs. Annie Thompson
Order of Owls
Massachusetts Catholic Order of
St. Thomas Court, No. 29
Owen F. Canary
William G. McGlinchy
Brockton Court No. S2
Michael E. Milan
Fr. McNulty Court No. 17!)
Dr. McQueeney Court No. 215
Fred F. Whalen
Ancient Order of Hibernians
Chris F. Corcoran
Stephen T. Duggan
John C. Grady
Charles B. O'Neil
J. Russell Sullivan
Ladies' Auxiliary, A. O. H.
Mrs. Margaret Hallisey
Mrs. Lillian M. Smith
G. D. O. <>. F.
W. II. Allen
II. S. Johnson
J. E. Kersey
J. E. Manning
E. J. Manning
.1. M. Smith
.1. A. Young
Lady Somerset Lodge of Daughters
of St. George
Mrs. Alice Clapstick
Mrs. Annie Crawford
Mrs. Ada Grant
Mrs. Gertrude Lambert
Mrs. Nellie Mann
Mrs. Emma Rubbra
Household of Ruth No. 1351 — Grand
United Order of Odd Fellows
Mollie J. Bullock
Lillian W. Jackson
N. E. O. I".
Mrs. Esther L. Jenison
Newel L. Drake
Mrs. Edith Whiting
Mrs. Lina Paul
Mrs. Eva Griggs
Mrs. Sadie Unes
Court General Lawton, F. of A.
John II. Ray
Fred C. Stone
Court Crescent. Foresters
HIGH SCHOOL COMMENCEMENT
FRIDAY, JUNE 17
That the annual exercises attending the graduation at the High
School should fall in this Anniversary Week was a most happy
circumstance. The City is justly proud of its educational develop-
ment and the rank which its High School maintains. Through
the courtesy of Headmaster Merle S. Getchell and the School
Board, the graduation hour was changed from evening to after-
noon, to free the former for any possible Pageant postponement.
The occasion was memorable in every detail.
C. Harold Porter of the School Board presided and made an
address from which we quote :
"America and the world are looking to the schools with the
hope of finding therein the proper solution of the many problems
that confront them. If America is to be a strong, united, intelli-
gent and capable leader of nations and hold the respect of the
rest of the world she must build her future citizens out of her
school systems. If we fail with education America will fail
sooner or later, and who of you would allow that Star Spangled
Banner to fail in anything that is just and right and for whose
glory our brave boys fought and fell in the late war in order that
American principles of justice and right might be spared for
the world. Support your schools with such loyalty as has never
been equalled in the past, keep your children in school at least
until they have completed a High School course and then if you
can possibly do so, give them the further advantage of a college
course. Brockton people have always stood loyally by their
schools in the past and I have no doubt they will in the future."
The program proceeded with Flag Salute by School and Audi-
ence. After an Overture by the School Orchestra, prayer was
offered by The Rev. Peter Froeberg, D.D., of the First Swedish
Evangelical Lutheran Church. "On to Battle" was sung by the
graduating class. The Welcome to Parents and Guests was voiced
by Charles Edward Hennessy, President of the Seniors, who said
in part :
"We begin to understand how fortunate we are in completing
our High School course. We recall the days when our mothers
and fathers made sacrifices for us — sacrifices that the world will
never know. If for nothing else than those two recollections, we
have contracted an unpayable debt. For your far-sightedness and
your sacrifice we can never repay you, mothers and fathers ; words
cannot express our gratitude and appreciation. We can only
strive to be worthy of it."
Owen R. Lovejoy, Secretary of the National Child Labor
Commission, New York City, gave the address to the Graduates.
A brief abstract of his forceful and inspirational speech follows :
"Inertia is one of the most precious but one of the most dan-
gerous of our possessions. I would like to suggest two or three
requisites in the American educational system, which is the least
practical, for it wastes power, energy, resources and time. Today
in our country there are two million little children working who
should be in school. America, with its wealth and resources, does
not need to harness little children. Education should be for
every one. Thousands of men and women without a chance in
life are appealing to us for a square deal. In the army camps
during the world war, five and a half-million men were illiterate ;
of these, four millions were what we are pleased to call real
Americans. Some of the programmes for Americanization are
all at fault. Education is reciprocal. The new Americans who
come to our shores have something to give as well as we. We
must work out things together."
Mr. Lovejoy referred to the Centennial observance and said
all the graduates should be here 100 years hence, for there seems
to be no use in keeping to the tradition of less than 100 years for
a life. Better a lifetime of 150 or 200 years, he said. He paid
a tribute to the practical education of Brockton's record in agri-
culture. He said that he never thought of this City in connection
with raising potatoes but rather with the manufacture of shoes,
but when he considered the matter it looked to be reasonable that
all could not be engaged in the manufactures.
The Graduating Class sang "To Thee, O Country," and Chair-
man Porter introduced His Honor the Mayor, Roger Keith.
Before presenting the diplomas, Mayor Keith said :
"Today you graduate. It was very thoughtful of our ancestors
and predecessors to found this community at such a time that the
celebration of its 100th anniversary should tall in your com-
mencement week. The co-operation of your class and the school
authorities in arranging your graduating events in such a manner
that they fit in with other Centennial affairs, is indicative of the
spirit of Brockton people, and shows a willingness to aid in all
events that tend towards the development of civic spirit.
"You are receiving these diplomas which represent a certain
standing in certain studies, but they also represent an intangible
quality. They stand for lessons which you cannot have failed to
have learned, if this High School is conducted properly, as we
all believe it is. From contact with your fellow students, you
have learned to meet people under all conditions, to meet on the
same level your neighbors. As you go to your higher education
or out to your everyday work, you will find this ability to main-
tain your equilibrium under all conditions, a big asset.
"One of the chief things in our life is to be prepared to do our
every duty well. Your High School course should enable you
to make the utmost of the abilities that you have, and if we do
our every duty as it comes to us according to our ability, strong
in the confidence that we are right, we do not need to worry over
the future. A firm step and sure information which you should
have gathered here, will attend to that.
"This diploma marks an accomplishment in your life, but not
a stopping place. As soon as one act is complete, you must start
on some new work, idea, or phase, in order to have continued
"Your High School education has taught you the value of time,
and the fact that we control our own actions in that time, and
that it is up to us to accomplish the desired results. The minutes
are ours to use."
Diplomas were then presented to the following:
Marion Leslie Alden, Priscilla Howard Alden, Irma Adelaide
Augustine, Delphine Barron Avery, Doris Evelyn Beal, Charlotte
May Berger, Barbara Bergstrom, Elizabeth Blumberg, Kathryn
Marguerite Brown, Anna Calnan Burke, Bernice Bradshaw
Campbell, Alice Frances Mary Carroll, Grace MacGregor Carson,
Esther Alice Chamberlain, Rhoda Ruth Cohen, Stella May Cooper,
Yerna Ethelyn Cox, Margaret Mary Creedon, Emma Croke.
Grace Ellen Daniels, Mildred Phipps Ellis, Merideth Churchill
Farnum, Clara Louise Farren, Jessie Banks Jeanette Ferguson,
Dorothea Agnes Flood, Edith Ingeborg Forsberg, Ruth Elizabeth
Freeman, Arlene Linnea Froeberg, Arlene Gardner, Gladys
Myrtle Gardner, Helen Regina Gilmore, Esther Rita Gizzarelli,
Frances Grady, Teresa Nora Grady, Hannah Green, Helen
Gertrude Greenwood, Kathleen Gibbs Gunderson, Dorothy
Gurney, Helen Kasmier Hanson, Florence Edith Heacock, Grace
Frances Hodgson, Esther Pauline Holmes, Edna Marie Johnson,
Florence Evelyn Johnson, Hazel Gudrun Johnson, Ruth Dagmar
Johnson, Mary Angela Kane, Margaret Denise Kelleher, Edith
Howes Kelley, Mary Kess, Margaret Marcellina King, jConstance
Kingman, Bernice Louise Knowles, Marie Louise LaMontague,
Amy Gertrude Lawson, Lillie Elizabeth Lawson, Anna Catherine
Lind, Ellen Rose Linehan.
Alice Leah MacDonald, Sadie Winifred MacDougall, Mary
Regina Mackedon, Doris Mildred Mackie, Ellen Frances Martin,
Grace Doris Martin, Ruth Luella Matson, Blanche Irene Maver,
Alice Mae McCarthy, Helen Josephine McCarthy, Alice Virginia
McCormick, Norine Gertrude McKenney. Camille Agnes Mitchell,
Louise Gertrude Mongeau, Florence Louise Monks, Blanche
Pauline Moreau, Margaret Gertrude Mullen, Katherine Louise
Ruby Marion Nelson, Mary Catherine Noone, Miriam Norris,
Grace Edith Noyes, Celia Agnes Nugent, Alice Marie Oddie.
Lola Shepard Packard, Florence Katherine Papineau, Hilda
Cornell Percy, Amity Ruth Perkins, Katherine Perkins, Bessie
Reiser, Alleine Marion Ricard, Stella Beatrice Rollins, Anna
Virginia Rosequist, Theodora Gladys Royster, Minnie Rusacow.
Alice Frost Shaw, Viola Gretchen Shaw, Gladys Goldie Small,
Evelyn Stone, Ina Sara Stone, Mary Margaret Taylor, Constance
Rebecca Travis, Doris Adeline Tripp, Laurene Mildred Turner,
Louise Ellington Turner, Marguerite Emma Varnum, Madge
Wainwright, Rose Alice Whelan, Eleanor Agnes Wilson, Elsa
Anna Wollin, Alice Fyrn Woods, Ella Louise Young, Martha
Tony Ralph Alexander, Frederick Emmel Allen, Alvar
Emanuel Aronson, Charles Weldon Bean, Frank Gerald Bendell,
William Joseph Bulman, Ernest Nelson Chamberlain, Lloyd
Francis Churchill, John Shaw Coolidge, George William Edward
Coots, Ion Henri De Arcost Cornwell, Herbert Timothy Creedon,
George Frederick Dennehy, Edward Joseph Derosier, George
Francis Donovan, Lewis Robert Dretler, Eugene Wynford
Dunbar, Howard Hunter Dunbar.
John Francis Ford, Franklin Leroy Foster, Clark Kimball
French, Otto Froehlich, Howard Merton Gardner, Lewis Glazer,
Charles Carl Golding, Sebastian Abraham Goldstein, Joseph Gale
Gurney, Chesley Frank Hammond, Chester Elmer Harris, Charles
Edward Hennessy, Ralph Edward Higgins, Herbert Turney Hill,
David Stanley Holmes, John Patrick Horrigan, Daniel Alexander
Huntley, Vincent Carl Hylen.
Paul Lincoln Jones, Earl Laurier Kempton, Melvin Mason
King, Albert Liguori La Chapelle, Stanley Clark Lane, Antonio
Astuto Lauria, Evald Benjamin Lawson, Kenneth Winslow
MacGregory, Edward Joseph Mahoney, David Palmer Matthews,
John Joseph McGee, Ralph Francis McGlone, Isaac George
Miller, Lewis Miller, Arthur Malachi Moynihan, Emory Raymond
Neal, George John Nelson, John Jeffrey O'Brien, Charles Frank
Oliver, Jr., Arthur Neal Parmenter, Paul Francis Perrier,
W r illiam Martland Perry, Anthony Edward Peters.
Isadore Rafkin, Louis Creed Roland, Allie Rosen, John Peter
Sakas, Guy Lawrence Scanlan, John Joseph Sheehan, Murray
Shultz, Bernard Francis Smith, Chester Merle Spear, George
Edward Tanner, Harry Tenser, Raymond Woodruff Turner,
Balfour Stirling Tyndall, Joseph John Van Riper, Hubert Gordon
Wall, James Francis Welch, Ernest Houghton White, Arthur
Joseph Wilde, Frederick Allen Wilde, William Roland Winsor,
Leroy Reynolds Woodard.
Three-year course : Sarah Theresa Connelly, Rose Feldman,
Rena Ferranti, Esther Foster, Ida Louise Hall, Alice Ingaborg
Hammerquist, Elsa Clara Magdalene Lindberg, Lillian Claire
Madden, Sarah Poole McColligan, Ruth Elizabeth McGee, Mary
Agnes McSweeney, Agnes Cecelia Reardon, Ethel Veronica
Reardon, Mildred Louise Tillman, Etta Zelinsky, John Robert
Dunn. William Leavitt, Joseph Alexis Minini, Helge Skotfrid
Persson, Harold Carl Sunstrom, Louise Martha Fickett.
The honor pupils : Priscilla Howard Alden, Doris Evelyn
Beal, Jessie Banks. Jeanette Ferguson, Esther Rita Gizzarelli,
Hannah Green, Ida Louise Hall. Ruth Dagmar Johnson. Mary
Angela Kane, Margaret Denise Kelleher. Margaret Marcellina
King. Amy Gertrude Lawson, Elsa Clara Magdalene Lindberg,
Ellen Rose Linehan. Mary Regina Mackedon, Margaret Gertrude
Mullen, Alice Marie Oddie, Florence Katherine Papineau.
Katherine Perkins. Agnes Cecelia Reardon, Alleine Marion
Recird, Gladys Goldie Small, Constance Rebecca Travis, Madge
\\ ainwright. Rose Alice Whelan, Eleanor Agnes Wilson, George
Francis Donovan. Franklin Leroy Foster, Melvin Mason King,
Antonio Astuto Lauria. Kenneth Winslow MacGregory, Arthur
Joseph Wilde, Frederick Allen Wilde.
The Class Colors were Lavendar and White ; the Motto, "On
At the close of the exercises the class joined in singing the ode
written by Miss Lawrence Mildred Turner and set to music by
Miss Miriam Norris. The benediction was pronounced by Mr.
Froeberg, and the orchestra played a recessional.
A notable feature of the Class Day (Wednesday) Exercises
was the award of Scholarships. In this particular, the School has
a wide reputation. Since the organization of the Fund which
perpetuates the name of Sarah Jane Pettee, long a superior teacher
in the School, the list of Scholarships has been increased to
twelve, with an annual income of upwards of $1,500. The awards
for this Centennial Year were :
James Edgar. $150. to Evald Lawson.
Joseph Hewett, $150 each, to Stanley C. Lane and Melvin
Brockton Agricultural Society. 1919, $100, and 1920, $100, to
Charles F. Oliver, Jr.
Sarah Jane Pettee, $100, to F. Leroy Foster.
Kenneth Bradford Laird, $100, to George Leroy Stone.
Edward Parker, $100, to Miss Bernice Knowles.
Brockton College Club, $100, to Miss Alice M. Oddie.
Brockton University Club, $100, to Antonio A. Lauria.
Twentieth Century Catholic Club, $100, to Rose Alice Whelan.
Twentieth Century Catholic Club, $100, to George Donovan.
Launfoai Alumni, $100, to Antonio A. Lauria.
B'nai B'rith, $100, to Hannah Green.
THE STREET CARNIVAL
While not a part of the original official program, the Carnival
Friday evening, under the direction of the local Post of the
American Legion, A. Leroy Latham, Commander, will be recalled
as a picturesque and novel addition to a remarkable week. Main
Street from Centre to Crescent was a boulevard for pedestrians
only. The carnival spirit was unmarred by any disorder as the
merry-makers danced, showered confetti, sang or listened to the
music of bands or soloists. Windows everywhere along the way
were filled with spectators.
The Committee, at the head of which was City Clerk J. Albert
Sullivan, had secured the services of the American Legion band
of 25 pieces, led by John C. Burke and stationed at Cook and
Tyndall's store, and Martland's, with Mace Gay, conductor, in
the balcony at the James Edgar Company. Their programs
varied with the mood of the crowds though each group furnished
opening numbers that were highly appreciated.
A perfect evening as June can offer, a spirit in keeping with
the Centennial, the lighting effects of the new White Way, con-
spicuous Carnival costumes and Anniversary decorations, com-
bined to secure effects both memorable and joyous.
OUT-OF-DOOR SPORTS PROGRAM— SATURDAY,
The Committee on Out-of-Door Sports, under the direction of
Harold C. Keith, made early and ample preparation for this
successful Centennial feature. Frequent meetings of entry lead-
ers, and a dinner at the Commercial Club for group directors — -
were parts of careful planning. Awards of watches, cups, medals
were exhibited in the jowelry shops and interest otherwise
stimulated through the press and widely circulated announcements.
There were over 200 entries and throughout the City individuals
and organizations co-operated to make Saturday the 18th a mem-
orable atheltic occasion. It proved to be the most complete pro-
gram of sporting events ever staged here in one day.
Large crowds witnessed the games! and trials of strength in
sixteen sections of Brockton. The Committees organized and
functioning were : Mr. Keith, Chairman ; Sidney A. Davidson,
Secretary ; Daniel W. Packard, Horace A. Keith, A. J. Freedman,
Raymond J. Richards and Joseph F. Reilly. The group chair-
men were : Track, E. Marion Roberts ; tennis, Walter A. For-
bush; swimming, Ralph W. Fish; golf, L. Damon Howard; box-
ing, Fred Eldridge ; cricket and bowling on the green, John
Tower ; baseball, Arthur E. Staff ; tug-of-war, James V. Gridley ;
muster, Charles C. Rogers ; prizes, H. Loring Smith, H. E. Hew-
ett and Sanford K. Gurney.
The Entry Lists and the Winners
On Walk-Over Field.
High School 100-yard dash: Wallace H. Terry, Arthur Ker-
sey, David Goldberg, Raymond Turner, Fred Irving, Chester E.
Harris, Kennth MacGregory, Lester LaPorte, Chris Clifford, Jr.
(Lincoln School), Carleton Valentine, John McGee, Leo Healy,
Roman Kaminski, Edw. Grovannulli, Geo. Watt, Clarence E.
Cahoon ; won by Raymond Turner.
Brockton High high jump : Wallace Terry, David Goldberg,
Harold Warren, Raymond Turner, Fred Irving, Lester LaPorte,
HAROLD C. KEITH
Chairman Sports Committee, Member of Executive Committee
Morris Straffin (grammar), Molyneaux Mathews, Clarence Ca-
hoon ; won by Molyneaux Matthews, 5 ft., 2 l / 2 in. ; Harold War-
Senior 100-yard dash: Louis Luti, Joshua Morrison, Nomas
Reed, Harold Warren, Arthur F. Wilson, P. M. Moncewicz,
John E. Welch, Richard H. Lewis, Leonard Forknall, Rudolph
Bryan, Ralph E. Reed, Leroy B. Perkins, James L. Todd ; won by
Peter M. Moncewicz, graduate of Annapolis.
Senior high jump: Louis Luti, John E. Welch, Richard H.
Lewis, Nomas T. Reed, E. W. Bowen, Jas. L. Todd, Rudolph F.
Byron, Erroll Grasse, Harold Warren; won by Richard H.
Lewis, 5ft., 4 in.
Senior 880 yards : Louis Luti, Gaston Luti, Carl E. Varney,
Watslo A. Vinks, Nomas Reed, P. M. Moncewicz, Arthur F.
Wilson, Paul Goforth, Leroy B. Perkins, Edw. Mullins, R. B.
Eldredge, Joseph Spadea, Joseph Young, Francis A. Burnes ;
won by Peter M. Moncewicz.
Junior swimming, 40 yards, at Y. M. C. A., 15 years and under :
Alvah Heve, Theodore Dean, Lawrence Rinaldo, Thomas Sulli-
van, Leon Parkinson, Chester Gonier, Raymond Curley, Harold
Winner, Julian E. Mossman, Russell A. Baker, Jack Pillsbury ;
won by Leon Parkinson ; Alvah Howe, second.
Junior swimming, 60 yards, 15 years and under: Alvah Heve,
Theodore R. Dean, Lawrence Rinaldo, Thomas Sullivan, Leon
Parkinson, Chester Gonier, Raymond Curley, Harold Winner.
Julian E. Mossman ; won by Julian E. Mossman ; Alvah Heve,
Junior diving, 15 years and under, at Y. M. C. A.: Theodore
R. Dean, L. Wendell Estey, Thomas Sullvian, Leon Parkinson,
B. Deokinian, Chester Gonier, Raymond Curley, Harold Winner.
Tony Cerci ; won by Leon Parkinson ; Wendell Estes, second.
Senior 60-yard swim: Rexford Dean, L. H. Ellershaw, Arthur
E. Keay, Herbert Hill, Samuel Hymoff, Anthony Muto, J. E
Mack ; won by Arthur E. Keay ; Rexford Dean, second.
Senior 100-yard swim : L. H. Ellershaw, Arthur E. Keay,
Herbert Hill, Samuel Hymoff, Anthony Muto, J. E. Mack; won
by Arthur E. Keay; L. H. Ellershaw, second.
Senior swimming, diving: Rexford Dean, Arthur E. Keay,
Samuel Hymoff ; won by Rexford Dean ; Arthur E. Keay, second.
Girls' diving, under 16: Martha Cooper, Rose McGinnis,
Glenna Butman ; won by Rose McGinnis ; Glenna Butman, second.
Girls' swimming, 40 yards, at Y. W. C. A., under 16 years:
Rachel Farrington, Betty Kendall, Glenna R. Butman, Martha
Cooper ; won by Glenna Butman ; Betty Kendall, second.
Girls' swimming, 100 yards, 16 years and under: Rachel Far-
rington, Betty Kendall, Glenna R. Butman ; won by Glenna But-
man ; Betty Kendall, second.
Women's swimming, 100 yards : Marian H. Sargent, Helen
Marden, Frances Millett, Margaret Flanagan ; won by Margaret
Flanagan ; Helen Marden, second.
Women's swimming, 60 yards, over 16 year; at Y. W. C. A.:
Margaret Flanagan, Marian Sargent, Helen Marden, M. Evelyn
Leary, Katherine Flanagan, Frances Millett ; won by Margaret
Flanagan ; Marian Sargent, second.
W'omen's diving, over 16 years, at Y. W. C. A. : Margaret
Flanagan, M. Evelyn Leary, Katherine Flanagan; won by Mar-
garet Flanagan ; Evelyn Leary, second.
Tennis, men's singles, at Y. M. C. A. : Manual Glazer, Eugene
G. Cote, F. R. Burgess, C. W. Burrill, A. J. Couble, Henry L.
Perkins, C. F. Leighton, R. W. Allen. Francis O'Connell, Eric
Harnesk, Earl Grindle, Proctor James ; won by C. F. Leighton.
Women's tennis, at Y. W. C. A. : Helen Marden, Jessie Ricker,
Marion Sargent, Blanche Benson, Gladys Knapp, Grace Williams.
Alvina Kuplast, Glenna Day; won by Grace Williams.
Tug of war, Edgar Playground : M. A. Packard Co. — Fred
Seaquist, Joe Duquette, Frank Ilumbert, F. McDonald, Jake
Bocianouski, H. Perrault, capt. ; Highway Dept. — M. Lyons, P.
Gilmartin, C. Monahan, H. Scott, J. Leland ; Club Nationale—
Oliver Plausse, Jef Baribeault, A. Hendi, Louis Grasse, J. Bus-
sier, Alf Podner, E. A. Dupre, coach, Eli Maynard, capt. ; Clan
MacDonald — Robert Watt, Jas. L. Keay, Ed Dwyer, R. W.
Brown, Daniel Camen ; A. O. H. — Daniel Sullivan, Mark Fitz-
maurice, John Hyde, John Sheehan, Barney Gillen. Won by Club
SIDNEY A. DAVIDSON
Secretary Spoils Committee.
Industrial relay race : W. L. Douglas Co. — Louis Luti, Leroy
Perkins, Ernest Jocoy, Ralph Reed ; Geo. E. Keith Co. — R. Dean,
F. Rabby, R. Bryan, H. Smith; National Biscuit Co.— W. E.
Cahill, J. F. McCall, E. J. Mullins, Fred White. Won by W. L.
Douglas Co. ; National Biscuit Co., second.
Golf, at Country Club and Thorny Lea, all day : Men — L. D.
Howard, H. S. Kussmaul, James Conroy, T. M. Farrell, H. L.
Rapp, A. W. Barlow, W. H. Cary, A. M. Smith, Ben Stone, L.
Q. White, M. L. Doherty, Arthur J. Chase, W. M. Partridge.
B. O. Cheney, C. J. Porter, Jr., A." I. Loheed, C. W. Holmes,
R. E. Drake, C. W. Bixby, A. F. Nelson, E. W. Barrett, W. F.
Fortin, Arthur Fisher, W. R. Tenney, R. P. Whitman, W. H.
Wallace, E. L. Wallace, E. W. Bailey, E. A. Burrill, F. S. Far-
num, G. H. Leach, R. P. Whitman, won by L. Damon Howard,
H. S. Kussmaul, second. Women — Mrs. D. B. Tuholski, Mrs.
L. Holmes Dalton, Mrs. Robert Jenkins, Mrs. Raymond Drake,
Mrs. Henry Rapp, Miss Margaret Bartlett, Mrs. H. Kussmaul.
Miss Ruth' Davis, Miss Fannie B. Clark. Mrs. John Doherty.
Mrs. Tom Farrell, Miss Marie Buchanan, Miss Euthenia Wallace,
Mrs. Frank E. Cobb, Miss Rena Atwood, Miss Babette Packard,
Mrs. Frank Jenkins, Mrs. Clarence Howes, Mrs. H. B. Whit-
comb, Mrs. Edith Caswell, Mrs. B. O. Cheney, Mrs. Walter
Forbush, Miss Harriet Gardner, Mrs. C. F. Batchelder, Mrs.
Henry Perkins, won by Mrs. L. Holmes Dalton, Mrs. Frank
Bowling on the green, Cross Street : Charles N. Fenn, Jos.
Hyde, George Gardner, Edw. Sabin, Thomas Bird, William
Temple, William Poole, Edgar Ward, H. A. Turner, Jos. Acton,
Geo. E. Jowett, A. W. Poole, Ernest Mann, Jos. Grundy, Arthur
Gale, Fred A. Grant, Frank Wilson, Thomas Williams, John
Towers, J. J. Dalphy, Benj. Coy, Thomas H. Ely, L. Eayres,
David Tyndall, John Loney, Geo. Astill, Fred Wilson, William
Roe, Charles Sargent, R. Hunter; won by William Roe; John
Cricket, Cross Street : Hub Gore Workers — Thomas Orton,
capt., Lester Williams, F. A. Grant, W r illiam Poole, Ernest Grant,
Charles Keen, J. Towers, William Grant, Thomas Bird, T. Smith,
George Flowers, Stephen Mosley ; Shoe Workers — James War-
ren, capt., V. Roe, A. Gennaco, A. Mosley, J. Keough, E. Ashley,
T. Apjohn, T. Williams, George Jowitt, C. Fenn, T. Luckman.
Won by Hub Gore, Stephen Mosley, first; Thomas Orton, second.
There were eight bouts in the Armory with the following sum-
marized results :
108-Pound Class, final : George LaBate, Brockton, beat Young
Wedge, Brockton, two rounds.
115-Pound Class, semi-finals: Owen Maguire, Bridgewater.
beat Tony Eudico, Brockton, two rounds ; final, Maguire beat
Dan Pierce, Brockton, one round.
125-Pound Class, semi-finals: Harold Cornwall, Brockton,
beat Gerald Webster, North Easton, one round ; Tippy Fay,
Brockton, beat Frank Connolly, Brockton, three rounds, referee's
decision ; Winnie Anderson, North Easton, beat Fay, three
rounds ; final, Anderson beat Cornwall, three rounds.
145-Pound Class: Henry C. Bohlin. Brockton, beat Frank
Welch, Brockton, two rounds.
The great American Game was represented on several dia-
At Walk-Over Park, the W. L. Douglas team won against
the Walk-Overs, 5 to 0.
At the John L. O'Donnell Playground, St. Colmans won over
St. Edwards, 5 to 3.
The Graysing Club defeated the Clark A. C. nine, at Edgar
Playground, 7 to 3.
On the Parmenter Playground, the Goddard team won the
grammar school championship against the Perkins nine, 3 to 1.
Preceded by the Hancock Band with drum corps of the other
competing "tubs" the participants in the fireman's muster at the
Fair Grounds, Saturday afternoon, marched to the field of contest
where the play-out was made. The strong cross-wind pre-
vented high records but the Protectors succeeded in passing the
two hundred-foot mark. In the finish the results were as follows :
Protector, Montello: 201 feet, and 5 and 1-2 inches; Enterprise.
Campello, 198 feet, 9 and 3-4 inches; Hancock, Brockton, 191
feet, 7 and 5-8 inches. The prize was a silver shield, and a purse
of $365 from friends of Protector and Hancock companies.
HIGH SCHOOL ALUMNI DANCE— SATURDAY
EVENING, JUNE 18
The Centennial Events closed on Saturday evening with the
annual High School reunion and Alumni dance in the School
Assembly Hall. The graduating class of the Centennial Year
was host to about five hundred.
In the receiving line were Dr. Percy T. Burtt, vice-president
of the Alumni Association, and Mrs. Burtt; Headmaster and
Mrs. Merle S. Getchell ; John F. Scully, Superintendent of
Schools, and Mrs. Scully ; the officers of the Class of 1921. Class
colors were everywhere in evidence and the floral decorations
most effective. Music was furnished by Copp's Orchestra. Re-
freshments were served during intermissions.
The Grand March was led by Charles E. Hennessy, president,
and Miss Louise E. Turner, vice-president. The line then formed
with class officers : Treasurer, Joseph Gurney ; secretary, Miss
Miriam Norris ; executive committee, Miss Stella Cooper, Miss
Jessie Ferguson, Miss Eleanor Wilson, Charles Oliver, Jr.. and
Chester Spear; Harry O'Sullivan, president of the junior class
with ushers ; school and graduates.
The entire affair was a happy ending to a Never-To-Be-For-
The citizens of Brockton should realize that the greatest care
was given by the Centennial Committees to the expenditure of
the $10,000 appropriated by the 1921 Administration for the
Anniversary. The Budget forecast (see pp. 55 and 97) was most
carefully guarded, with the result that a considerable amount was
available with which partly to underwrite this Commemorative
Volume and leave unexpended a balance in the City Treasury.
The report of City Auditor Chester T. Swanson, under date of
October 25, is as follows :
Statement of Receipts and Expenditures, 1921
Appropriation for Pageant
Appropriation for other
Total Appropriation $10,000.00
Grandstand Tickets $3,835.00
Pageant Books 703.00
Costume Rental 35.00
Total Receipts 4.723.95
Total Receipts and
Pageant Committee Expen-
ditures $6,73 1 . 1 8
( )ther committee expendi-
Total Expenditures 10,115.92
Salaries and Wages $2,360.00
Stage 1 , 1 50.00
Band and Music 913.31
Pageant Books .. 675.00
Advertising 5 1 1 .28
Printing, Stationery and Postage 416.20
Pageant Poster Prizes 30.00
Prize Hymn 25.00
Eor the central feature of the observance, the Pageant, the
treasurer, John N. Howard, made his final statement as here
Condensed Financial Statement of Pageant Committee
Sept. 8, 1921
Grandstand tickets $3,835.00
Costume Rental 35.00
Allotment from City of Brockton appropriation for
Centennial Observance 8,000.00
Stage and Bandstand $1,150.00
Advertising and Publicity 31.00
Total Expenditures $6,756.08
Balance in hands of City Treasurer 5,965.92
John N, Howard, Treasurer.
RETROSPECT AND APPRECIATION
So came and went Brockton's Centennial. It left a most sat-
isfactory memory in all particulars. Visitors and residents were
unanimous in recognizing the high character of the Observance.
As Chairman of the Central Committee. Mayor Roger Keith
thus appraised the event :
"I believe I am expressing the sentiment of the entire popula-
tion of Brockton, and thousands who were our guests, when I
say that the celebration of the 100th anniversary of North Bridge-
water was successful beyond all anticipation. The hundreds who
took part and the thousands that attended the various events of
the week, especially the pageant and the street carnival, showed
the true spirit of civic pride and co-operation, which was alone
responsible for the magnificent success of our Centennial.
"Nothing but the highest praise has been expressed and the
Brockton people should feel proud of the reputation they have
established throughout this commonwealth and the nation. Brock-
ton has never failed to go 'over the top' and the 100 per cent,
success of the Centennial reflects credit upon each and every one
of its citizens."
Reviewing the week, the Secretary of the Centennial Commit-
tee said :
"The thanks of the Central Committee is due to all individuals,
organizations and corporations, which have unitedly made the
1921 Centennial a notable achievement.
"While formal and specific official appreciation will be voiced
by the Executive Committee at an early meeting, this statement
has the indorsement of all who have been intimately associated
in planning the great event.
"Beginning with Sunday and extending through the week the
co-operation of the citizens of Brockton with chairmen and direc-
tors of numerous programmes has been most marked. The
community has accepted the blessing of rare June days and has
responded to the challenge of the Anniversary in its various forms
"The observance has quickened our spirit through memory of
the past. Our sense of indebtedness has been enlarged and our
good purposes renewed. The Centennial brought pleasure and
high educational values to the people and added to the fair name
of our City."
Both Pageant and Executive Committees later sent out per-
sonal and general letters of thanks to the many organizations
and individuals who contributed to the high success of the varied
programs, and to them this book is dedicated.
Photo by Jacobs
THE CITY PERSONIFIED IN THE
By Mrs. Roger Keith.
THE CITY OF PEACE
O Home and City of us all,
Whate'er our tongue or name.
Our voices join in Church and hall
To sing The Fathers' fame.
Hope lifts within each trusting breast.
That from our God above
May come to us and with us rest.
The gifts of faith and love ;
That we may show in glowing deed
The truths we often voice ;
That men may see and gladly read.
And in our lives rejoice.
Here may we learn to work and plan.
To see each other's good.
To worship God and honor man
In one great Brotherhood
— Warren Prince Landers.
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
II ill I n ii ii ii
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