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Full text of "Broome county"



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* 1595 * 



BROOME COUNTY 



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ILLUSTRATED. 



BINOHAMTON. N. Y. 

BELLFLOWER PRESS. 

1895. 



2L470 



1898. 



BROOME COl'XTY ILLUSTRATED. 



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RROOME COTNTY ILLl'STR ATE D. 




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BROOME COUNTY ILLISTRATED. 




COURT H0U5E AND MONUMENT IN 1805. 



BROOMK CorXTV ILLUSTRATED. 



, S.X lirLi-r-' 




BINUHAMTON STATE HOSPITAL. 

'I'lu- Nrw \ ork State Iii>anc A^vlinn cu' Slate IIo>])ilal. Idrmerlv Inehi iaie Asylinn i> beaiitifull\ .■■iliiated on a 
eniineiue risiiiir j_|(> feet above tlie river, ami is locateil two and one-halt' miles east of the center of ihe cit\'. This 
imposing stone struetme overlooks the Siis(niehanna N'alley and the entire city and has al.iout iV"' patients. There 
arc eleven trustees who act as a boaril ot managers. The present superintentlent is T)r. C. (i. \\'agner. who is 
assisted bv eight pinsicians and about ^( « > t-mploN ee>. The patients are gi\en good ]ilain food and di\ersiHed 
occupations at such labor as will best efl'ect a permanent ein'e. A farm of about kkui acres gives chance for manv 
to be eniplo\ed in agricultural pursuits. The main building is Castellated (iothic sl\U- with massive towers, turrets 
and but t re^>.es. It is ^fi:; in length, with rooms in the basement nine feel high; llrst slorv foiu'teen feet and 
six inches; second story lifteen feet and six inches; chapel twentv-six feet, and roomson either side ten feel high. 

The ceremonies of laving the corner stone took ]ilace September 24, 1S58. .\mong the speakers present were 
lion. 15. F. Kuller; ]Ion. ICdward ICverett ; lion. Daniel S. Dickinson; J. W. Franci-, M. !).. L. I.. I).; i\|. \V., 
John L. Lewis and Alford 15. Street. 

Since the erection of the Main Building several additions and changes have been made in it; niunerous other 
building- h;i\c been erected, three large houses built or remodelled on t he farms l;i\ ing fai I her up the Su>i|uehanna. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLl'STR ATED. 




SUSQUEHANNA VALLEY HOflE. 



The Siis<|uehanna Valley Home was founded in 1S69. It is pleasantly situated on an eminence overlook in,t,r 
the City of Binghamton, and commanding a view of the Susquehanna River. Its object, being to "afiord a 
Christian home for indigent children, and to secure their adoption into families of respectability." The main 
buildings are three stories in height, surrounded by wide lawns, ample play grounds, and a farm of about forty-five 
acres under a good state of cultivation, furnishing a large portion of the vegetables consumed. It also provides em- 
ploymeni for the boys outside of school and play hours. The school, which is under the State supervision, is in 
charge of tiiree competent, experienced teachers. A Sabbath School is held each Sunday, at 3 \: .\i., conducted in 
turn by the several Evangelical Churches of the city. It is the aim of the managers to make the Institution a 
■■Christian Home" and an ■■Industrial School" in the truest sense, where each shall do his part, and IV 
receives the reward of his labor. 



that he 



BROOME COUXTY ILUSTRATKF). 




BINOHAiTTON POST OFFICE, (cu. u.\i,i, anh jtenry strkets.) 



Tliis beautiful structure was erected in i SSg at a cost of about $i5o,<xx). The uiail is distributed llirouf^liout 
the City several times daily by twenty-one carriers. The total receipts from sale of Stamps, Stami)e(! iMiyelopes, 
Box Rents, etc. for the year ending June 30, 1S95 was .ii86,S52. 18. As compared with other cities in :t~^<)3 its sales 
were IfSi, 368.19, while for the same time Scranton was $80,480.03, Elmira $67,925.82. The money order account 
for 1895 was $353,831.45, and the total amount received through the office for that year on sales of everything was 
$458,522.95. The largest mail concerns in the city are J. J. Hell, Seedsman, and the Kilmer Medicine Co. 
The former has received as high as 3.0O0 letters a day. 



RROOME COUNTY ILLTSTR ATEl). 




COURT STREET. 



Court Street lookins^ East toward the Court House. (October 9, 1S94. 
laying of the Corner Stone of tlie Coninierical Tra\elers Home, 



Getting ready for the Faraile at tlie 



BROOME COIXT^' ILU'STKATED. 




COURT STREET^DURINO THE COnv.ERCIAL TRAVELERS PARADE. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



HISTCRg OF B-ROOME COUMTg. 



The History of Broome County is in reality the history of 
its city and town;;, and will be carefully considered under 
those heads. There are, however, a few brief remarks which 
may be applicable to the whole, and can hardy be made local 
enough to come under any particular town. 

About four hundred years ago rumors of a new world had 
seized Europe. Settlements were rapidly planted along the 
territory lining the western coast of the Atlantic. The vague 
stories of Lief's and Erick's discovery was only remembered in 
legend and song. Columbus stands out to us as the actua| 
discoverer. America boasts of a position not surrounded by 
European powers, which alone is worth more than a standing 
army. Her unequal systems of Lakes and Kivers, thousands 



to plant colonies along the banks of the Hudson. In 1664 this 
territory which had been discovered by,and was now in possession 
of the Dutch was granted to the Duke of York by Charles II of 
England. In 1673 the Dutch again got possession, and in the 
following year by the terms of peace between England and 
Holland it was then restored to the English. 

The history of Broome County would hardly seem complete 
without a passing reference to the famous Iroquois or Five 
Nations of Indians which were Mohawks, ( )neidas, Onondagas, 
Cayugas and Senecas. The Indians had eight family names: 
Wolf, Bear Beaver, Turtle, Deer, Snipe. Heron and Hawk, and 
these families in each nation permitted no intermarriage and 
claimed as brother and sister any of the same name in another 




COURT STREET LOOKING WEST. 

Court .Street is the great Business Thorough-fare of the City. It is to Biiighamton 
what Broadway is to New ^'ork. The .Street is now built in solid with Business Blocks 
from the Chenango River to Carroll .Street. 



of miles of sea coast with magnificently indented harbors; 
mines ladened with the richest of mineral ; scenery the grandest 
in the world ; and above and beyond all this a race of people 
amalgamated from the world's best blood, surpassing in wealth 
and enterprise anything the world has ever produced ; such 
a country and such people trace their existence to the dis- 
coverer, Christopher Columbus. 

Henry Hudson, an English Navigator sailed up the Hudson 
River about eighteen years after Columbus made his discovery 
and the river was then named in honor of its discoverer. 
During this voyage Hudson trafficked considerably with the 
Indians and first learned them to drink rum. He also gave 
such a glowing account of the country that the 1 luteh commenced 



tribe. This confidence seemed bound by the strongest tie, so 
strong that for two hundred years no internal disputes arose 
among them : outside forces finally broke the confederacy. In 
war they possessed an education similar to the ancient Spartans 
and showed no mercy to their enemies. They were very corteous 
to strangers who came among them from other nations. There 
can be no question but that they were the most intell- 
ectual nation anywhere in this section and many of their 
regulations were almost a pattern for the white population. 
In warthey were extremely sagacious and almost always gained 
great advantage by craft. Sullivans army found villages with 
frame houses, well furnished and some painted ; also well culti- 
vated fields with orchards. Had they possessed the advantages 



BROOME COrXTY ILLrSTRATED. 



of European civilization, who l<nnws but they might have 
equalled us in enterprise. Such is a brief mention of the great 
nation of Indians who subdued and exacted tribute from many 
other nations and entirely exterminated several tribes, until the 
country from IMaine to the Missisoi(i|)i was practically under 
their s.v:iy. When the French took possession of Canada they 
supplifd the Adriondacks, or Algonijuins, with tire arms and 
enablrd them to gain a vi'^'tory over the Iroquois. Several 
batile-i were fought between the different nations soon after in 
which the Iroquois were usually successful, in one they almost 
entirely exterminated the Adriondacks. In 16.54 a war broke 
out between the Five Nations and the Andastes who npf>iipied 



on his return. Also about this time (1776) the Six Xations had 
a great gathering at Oquago near Windsor, an i Col. .lohn 
Harper went thither to ascertain the meaning. lie was well 
received and became convinced that the savages would take no 
action in the war. Brant ap, eared with these Indians some 
time later and went with a band of warriors to Unadilla. Gen. 
Herkimer interviewed him there and became convinced !l,.it the 
Indians would act in concert with the British. The Indians 
and Gen. Herkimer fought the bloody battle of Oriskany soon 
after. Brant destroyed the village of Springfield on Otsego Lake, 
also together with Butler committed the bloody Massacre of 
(Cherry Valley and later the one at JMinisink. To avenge these 




CHENANGO RIVER BRIDGE 



Looking down on the r.ridou whicii connects Ci)Urt ami Main Streot.s. View up 
location of \hv Ilif^li School at the Icl't, anil I'irst Congregational Clun-cli at the right. 



this country; this war lasted with varying success for 
twenty years,but linally terminated successfully for the Iroquois 
We pass over a very interesting period of over one hundred 
years of our Nation's early history, because it does not seem to 
possess any points which in any particular degree can be con- 
nected with the early history of our county. During the 
Revolution both armies tried to employ the Indians of the Six 
Nations as allies. < ren. Schuyler argued that they would cost 
the colonists more than they were worth and so it proved. 



Main Street sh<)\^ng the 

bloody deeds the colonists planed a compaign. In 177i> (ten. 
Sullivan with 3500 men marched up the Sus(|uehanna from 
Pennsylvannia, while a divison started by the way of the 
Mohawk to meet him. They passed down the Susquehanna 
receiving a reinforcement near the present village of Windsor, 
and upon arriving at the i)resent siteof Binghamton encamped. 
In their voyage they did the Indians considerable dam- 
age. They had a skirmish near Union but the Indians fled. 

(len. Sullivan's army and the one from the Mohawk met 



England alone reaped benellt from their em|)loy. .Tosepli Brant on tlie Chemung River making a force of about 5000 men. Brant 
a prominent Mohawkehief was taken to England where he was made several desperate stands in the vicinity of Elmira but 
so well received that much uneasiness was felt by the colonists was beaten by the overwhelming forces of his foe. Pursuing 



i 



7 BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



13 



Sullivan laid waste many villages, de>troyed corn fields, and 
broke the league of the Six Nations. Brant's spirits still seemed 
unbroken and he afterward led forces against and plundered 
many villages. 

With the possible exception of yindian captives, Sullivan's 
army was beyond doubt the first white men ever vfithin the 
present limits of Broome County.^ It may be hard to tell just 
what tribes at all times owned the county. The Delawares may 
have held it, but at a time later the Six Nations must have had 
possession. Oquaga is probably the most noted spot and seemed 
to be a resting place to cross by Binghamton,Wyoming or Deposit 
or in order to strike the rivers where these places are now 
located. Old Indian apples trees of great age were found 



twenty-five families of Indians. 

These Indians dressed in shirts and moccasins, their heads 
veere ornamented with feathers and ofttimes jewels in their 
noses and ears. Their houses were either of logs locked togeth- 
er at one end so as to form a s.lantingroof,or four crotcked poles 
erected so as to form a slant and covered with bark, etc., to 
exclude rain, one end was left open and a curtain of skins sus- 
pended which could be lowered or raised at will. The three 
sides were covered with bark. Their Are was kindled outside,just 
in front. They had no chairs or tables but sat on the ground or 
skins inside. The Indians were swindled out of this farm by 
one Patterson whom the savages it is supposed afterwards 
murdered. 




VIEW FROM CORNER OF HAIN AND FRONT STREETS, LOOKING OVER THE BRIDGE TO COURT ST. 



at Oquago, also trinkets, bones, etc. 

Over the line in Chenango county toward the present 
village of Greene is also to be found an interesting mound, some 
forty feet in diameter, built by Indians, and filled with human 
bones. Two hundred arrow heads and a large number of 
Indian trinkets were also found in the pile. Another of these 
mounds was found at Wyoming, Pa., and filled with bones of 
warriors, probably slain in the Grasshopper War. 

In 17fi7, Captain .loseph Draper settled near the site of the 
County Farm, he and his associates found the Indians of this 
locality peaceable. Near the mouth of Castle Creek was situated 
what was called the "Castle Farm," this the Indians reserved 
when selling the land in this locality. It was a home for about 



The whites treated the Indians with injustice at many 
times and may have deserved much of the cruel treatment 
which in many cases they received. 

The first perminent settlements in the county were made 
in 1785 by Cap. .foseph Leonard and others, and were in the 
present towns of Vestal and Colesville. Leonard settled near 
the present site of Binghamton. A company was soon after 
formed which bought the land of the Indians at one shilling per 
acre. The methods employed when making purchases 
from the Red Men were substantially, feed the Indians well, 
give them rum, get on the right side of them, then buy as low 
as possible. Along the river and in many places the underbrush 
and small trees were cut out ; this enabled the Indians not only 



H 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



to raise crops if wanted, but also to see game. The Indians had 
paths through the forests which, with a little extra chopping 
could be reasonably well followed by a wagon. The pioneers 
of Broome County found an almost unbroken forest ; and it took 
the hardest labor of one generation to remove these and 
pave the way for another to enjoy the fruit of their 
labor.*. 

The first duty of the settlers was to fell some straight trees 
cut these up into suitable lengths, notch them and build a 
square cabin with a bark roof; greased paper for windows, if 
any at all, split planks for floor and doors. This he had to build 
alone unless he could obtain assistance from one who had be- 
fore settled in that vicinity ; as to furniture the bed was usually 
made at the side by boring holes into the logs and building a 



absent member on such occassions. There was also in these 
forests an abundance of wild game with numerous animals 
which not only preyed on the flocks, but often were an an- 
noyance to the life of a man, among these wolves were the 
worst and at certain times became such a nuisance that 
a bounty was placed upon their hides; in 1S22 this bounty 
was !flO. 

The lack of Grist Mills was another serious grievance of 
most settlements and journeys of a week or two were often 
made to them. One of the earliest located mills was at Tioga 
Point, about forty miles from Binghamton. The nearest at an 
early date on the east was about seventy miles distance at 
Wattles' Ferry. A stump was often hollowed out and the corn 
or grain pounded in it. Wheat was often boiled and 




COURT STREET LOOKING EAST 

little frame which had poles laid over it and a lied made thereon. 
The ehaii'S were mostly benches nuuieuf a.'^plit slab with legs in 
it. A few articles of furniture were occasionally brought by 
the pioneers as a reminder of former eivili/afioii. 

in (•oinMiunities where neighbors were to be found a bee 
was made and with four men at the corners, trees were felled, 
and a hi>use erected in one day; liut, during all this time the 
jug of whisky wms often passed around to brighten up the 
spirits of the laborer. Under these rude roofs we doubt not 
that there was as much happiness and as many ti-ue and devoted 
hearts as in the palace of to-day. 

Amid these primitive forests there were many a liappy 
"Logging Bee" in which the men of a community cleared in a 
day the field of a neighbor and seldom, if ever, was the jug an 



FROM COURT HOUSE IN 18S5. 

eaten with milk nr maple sugar. In the year fTsS Henry Kinch 
erected a mill at Castle Creek for sawing lumber, this caused 
a great improvement in the manner of housebuilding; two 
years later a grist mill was erected in the Town of Kirkwood 
on what was the farm of the heirs of E. Y. Park. The next 
year .labesh Winchop built a mill at Union and also Cap. l>ean 
built a sawmill where the present village of Dejiosit is located 
to this he added a grist mill the next season. Simon Kogers 
erected in !7i>5 a grist mill in the present town of Barker and 
two years later Nathan Lnne started one in Windsor. 

The year ITWI was one of famine. The hardships, although 
severly felt in Broome County, was much more severe farther 
down the river. Every sort of experiment to prevent 
starvation was resorted to ; roots were dug and ate; drying 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



rye in milk and pounding to a meal and many other things. 
Five years later, in 1794, occurred the historical "Pumpkin 
Freshet." The river overflowed its banks during the month of 
August carrying away and destroying much of the produce of 
the lowlands on which there was an unusualy large crop of 
pumpkins. This destruction of crops ushured in another period 
of privation, following which the story is always told of Major 
Stowe who gathered together a bushel of wheat.shoulder it and 
went to mill on foot and returned, a distance of forty miles. On 
his return there was a festival held by the neighbors who 
congregated to help him partake of a shortcake made from the 



bark of the Hemlock became worth more than the lumber, and 
whole forests were destroyed to obtain it for tanning purposes 
while the lumber was left to decay were felled. 

Another thing that deserves passing notice is the early 
roads. In many places they were made to follow the Indian 
trails. In nearly every instance they were at first uneven, run- 
ning over stumps and knolls, down into holes and creeks. These 
were gradually improved as the county became settled. In 
1806 the Unadilla Turnpike ('o. was incorporated which run 
from what is now Binghamton to Otsego Co. Toll gates were 
established every ten miles. The capital of the company was 




fi>>''Cr««.Ce 



WILLIAM BINGHAM, 

After whom the City of Binghamton was named. William 
Bingham obtained large patents of land in 1786, including most 
of Conklin.Kirkwood, Binghamton, I'nion anil \'c'stal Townships. 



Hour and shortened with bears grease. 

Whiskey was a common beverage in pioneer life and dis- 
tilleries were numerous, yet the people seldom drank enough to 
become intoxicated. The manufacture of block salts and pot- 
ash from ashes was another thriving industry which realized 
considerable gain to the early settlers. 

One of the greatest sources of wealth was the sale of lumber 
which was most frequently sent down the river in rafts ; that 
from the far east of the county going by the Delaware, while 
the main part went down the Susquehanna, or came down the 
Tioughnioga and Chenango to the Susquehanna. Later on the 



to be .fBL'.SOO. 

One year later the Saline and Chenango Turnpike Road Co- 
was incorporated,runiiing from Saline,Onondaga Co. to tjhenango 
Point (Binghamton ). This same year Otsego and Broome Turn- 
pike Road Co. was incorporated, also near this time the <Treat 
Bend and Union Turnpike Co. was incorporated, but did not 
get to work readily. 

In 1812 The Chenango Turnpike Company was incorporated 
This was to run from the 2Sth mile-stone to the house of .fohn 
G. Christopher, now Binghamton. The estimated cost was to 
be .17,000. Later on there was established the Broome and 



BROOME COIXTY ILLl^STRATED. 



Tioga, and also the Biiighamton and llarpursville Turnpike 
Companies. 

The rates of toll on these Turnjiikt s were about as follows: 
cart and two horses 12';,?, two horses and sled 6,'', score of sheep 
or hogs 8", a score of horses, cattle or mules 20<', horse and 
rider 4'', horses led or driven 4i', one liorse sulky or chaise 1l".j|', 
one horse cart 6<-'', chariot, coach or phaeton 20'', stage or four 
wheeled carriages ISjo''. 



The canal received a deadening blow in 1872, the year 
which witnessedfthe competition of Utica and Susquehanna 
Valley Railroad. TIip traHic of the canal was so suddenly 
transferred to the railroad that an act soon followed authorizing 
the city to fill and use it as a public street. 

The furor of the canal was soon eclipsed by the railroad 

The rtica and Susquehanna Railroad, above mentioned, was 

incorporated in 1832. The Binghamton and Susquehanna Rail- 

I'he Legislature directed certain men as commissoners to road in 1833 with a capital of $150,000. The New York and Erie 

lay roads four rods wide, same as turnpikes, and later to have in 1832, its total cost was about thirty-three million dollars. It 

them annexed to certain highway districts where they were the was started at Piermonton the Hudson and additional sections 



most aproximate. 

The river also afforded means 
of commerce and so importanc 
was navigation at an early date 
to the settlers that a law was 
enacted forbiding the con- 
struction of any obstruction to 
navigation. An act of the Legisla- 
ture in 1813 made all the Sus- 
quehanna River in the State a 
public highway and the same act 
applied to the Chenango and 
Tioughniiigii, but this actallowed 
the building of a few dams whicli 
were not to be high enough to 
prevent Navigation. The year 
1825 which witnessed the com- 
pletion of the Erie Canal was one 
of interest to Broome Country, 
inasmuch, as the Legislature or- 
dered, among other surveys, the 
one for the t'lienango Canal, 
which was to run from the Erie 
Canal to Binghamton. In 1S33 
an act was finally passed author- 
izing its construction with AVhites- 
boro in Oneida County as its 
northern terminus, with a route 
by the way of the Chenango River 
and terminating at Binghamton. 
One year later Utica was sub- 
stituted for Whitesboro as the 
terminus. The work of con- 




LIEUTENANT GOV. JOHN BROOME. 

After whom Broome County was named. 
Vav the compliment of naming the County after 
liim. Lieutenant Gov. John liroomc presented it 
with a haiulsiimelv En<rra\ed Silver Seal. 



fidded covering a long period of time till at last it reached 

Dunkirk. The shops located at 
Susquehanna would, no doubt, 
have been located at Binghamton 
had the parties owning land been 
willing to sell it at a reasonable 
price. In 1849 a project was 
iidvooated for building a road 
from Auburn to Binghamton ; 
this scheme soon died out. A 
charter was also granted in 1836 
for building a road from Syracuse 
to Binghamton. I'nder a new 
charter granted in 1852 the work 
was hurried to completion and so 
rapid was the work that in 1854 
the road was opened to traffic. 
In 186H the Delaware, Lack- 
awanna and Western Railroad 
Company purchased the Syracuse 
and Binghamton road, and one 
year later they had extended 
their road by purchase to Oswego. 
In 1853 a company was formed 
and the road from Albany to 
Binghamton was begun, and this 
road by pieces was completed to 
Nineveh in 1867. The last forty 
miles to Binghamton has a 
tunnel through a gravelly hill 
over two thousand feet long and 
two years was used in completing 
this portion. The Erie Ring was 



structing the canal was begun in 1834 and completed in about soon formed and tried by false proceedings and force to take 



three years at a cost of nearly two million dollars, The 
act provided that the width should be forty-six feet and the 
depth four and one-half feet. The width was much less than 
forty-six feet in many places. The canal was found very valuable 
for shipping lumber, coal, etc. In 1864 an act was pas ed to 
extend the canal from Binghamton to Owego. The Kockbottom 
dam was built across the Susquehanna in this City and made a 
great feeder for this new canal. This dam was built in 1871, it 
is about four hundred feet long and thirty feet wide at the 
bottom, built in convex form, and raises the water about seven 
feet 



possefsion of the Albany and Susiiuehanna road. James Fisk,Ir. 
was appointed a receiver. The jNlilitary had to be called out to 
quell the riot: soon after this the Delaware and Hudson Canal 
Company purchased the road and constructed a branch from 
Nineveh to Carbondale. In 1867 the railroad from Utica to 
Binghamton was begun, and in 1880 the Delaware, Lackawanna 
and Western commence to continue this track from 
Binghamton to Buffalo. 



BROOME COl'NTY ILLUSTRATED. 



'7 




ROSS BUILDING CORNER STATE AND COURT STREETS. 



i8 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



Early Settlements and Titles. 

Having given a general idea of the means of transportation, 
we vrill return to the subject of early settlements. 

A passing mention was made of the settlement of Captain 
Joseph Leonard. We will for a moment consider titles. There 
is a prevelent opinion that title was only obtained by driving 
out the "Red Skins." Great Britain had set forth her right to 
this territory in 1697. In 1774 GoviTryon said, "The boundaries 
of New York are derived from grant, from the King, and his 
brother .fames, Duke of York ; also from the submission and 
subjection of the Five Nation to the King of England." The 
English claimed the territory of the Kive Nations, but France 
did not recognize their right to put forward such a claim. In 
1768 a council was hpld at Fort Stjnwix to establish a line be- 



which rests in the county of Broome between the Chenango nnd 
Susquehanna Rivers. 

On Nov. 1. 1683 New York was divided into twelve counties. 
The wilderness ttien an Indian domain comprised whut is now 
Broome County, imd not till the year 1791 was this divided up 
from the territory included in Montgomery County and called 
Tioga (.'ounty. Tioga then included what is now Bromie, 
Chemung and Tioga Counties, Newton now Elmira, ( henaiigo 
Point now Binghamton were each, what was then termed lialf 
shires. The first court in the county was conducted li\ Morgan 
Lewis, who was afterwards Governor. 

William Bingham a wealthy gentlemen of I'liiladf-lphia 
obtained a very large patent of land containing tome over 
30.000 acres and laying in the present towns of Union Vestal 
Binghamton, Conklin and Kirkwood. It takes very little ex- 




STATE STREET LOOKINQ NORTH 



yond'which the whites were not to encroach; this line ran 
about on the east l)orders of Broome and Chenango Counties 
and all lands east of this was by this grant the property of 
King <4eorge III of Great Britain, however, six years later a 
new treaty was made in which the whites o'otainpd possession 
to considerable territory lying west of this line, besides Uiis 
Massachusetts set up chiinis to lands farther west in the stiite 
and gained a right to preempt it from the Indians, except that 
portion known as "Boston Ten Towns" and also a strip along 
the Niagara River. The Boston Ten Towns became the property 
of a Syndicate of sixty piTsons, known as the Boston Company. 
This land which comprised about L';iO,0()() acres in Broome, Tioga 
and Cortland Counties was soon parceled out on speculation to 
numerous purchasers. In 1775 Gov. Clinton purchased a large 
tract of land of the Indians for $11,500, the southern portion of 



cept the river valleys. Hooper's patent was farther up the 
river next to the I'ennsylvanniii line and contained only about 
2,0(X) acres. Both the Bingham and Hooper patents were ob- 
tained .lune 27, 1785 by R. L, Hooper, Wm. Bingham and .lames 
Wilson. Farther up the river and extending in Pennsylvannia 
taking in (ireat Bend is Thomas's patent which contained about 
S.oro acres. 

A few other patents of importance are : Garnsey's of 1.000 
acres mostly in Windsor, Allison's of 3,400 acres lying on both 
sides of tlie river in Windsor, John Carpenter's of 4,960 acres in 
various parts of the county. Moon's patent of l,l'35 acres in 
Windsor and Thomas's, (inrnsey's. Watt's and L'Hourmedieu in 
liandolph or western Windsor. 

.\fter the land along the Sus<|uehanna was taken by patents 
the balance of the county was divided up into Townships or 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



'9 



tracts with definite bounderies six to ten miles square. This 
division greatly facilil.ited surveying and locating tracts. These 
townships differ widely from towns in that the border of a town 
may be changed at w ill These townships were eight in number 
and together with the patents named, Boston Ten Towns, etc . 
formed the early surveys of what is now Broome County. A 
considerable number of patents were made in the eight town, 
ships, the majority of which contained 5,000 to 15,000 acres each. 
Nearly all of these old surveys allowed five per cent for roads 
and were very inacurate in many respects. The Pennsylvannia 
line was taken as a basis for survey and the exact location of 
this has since been disjiuted. 

Broome County was formed from Tioga, March 28, 1806, and 
named iu honor of Jolin Broome then Lieutenant Governor of 
New York State. In return for the compliment Lieutenant 
Gov. Broome presented the county with a handsomely engraved 



supply. The second ridge lies between the Susquehanna and 
Chenango rivers, the hills are less abrupt than those of the 
eastern section which makes this section much more preferable 
for agricutlural purposes. The third section which lies west of 
the the Chenango is somewhat broken, but on the whole con- 
tains the best land for agricultural purposes in the county. The 
ridges of this section are from 4(X» to 600 feet above the Susque- 
hanna. The highest point in this 8"ction is said to be on the 
»arm of Mr. S Perry and is over sixteen hundred feet above the 
tide in this latitude. The valleys of Broome County are noted 
for their fertility as also are many of the top land plateaus. 
The form of the surface was evidently made in the the early 
periods of the earth formation, except the natural erosion and 
excavations. 

The river valleys are : first, the Delaware on the southeast 
here the hills are abrupt with little or no bottom land along' 









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VIEW LP THE CHENANGO klVER. 



seal which he designed. At this time the county embraced the 
area as now and was divided into three towns, Chenango, r^isle 
and Union. Chenango embraced the present towns of Chenango 
Colesville, Windsor, Sarford, Conklin, Fenton and Binghamton. 
Union embraced Union, Vestal and part of .Maine. Lisle em- 
braced the balance of the county lying to the north and the 
northwest. 



Topography. 

Broome County is divided into three natural sections; 
first east of Susquehanna river which embraces the present 
town of Sanford and the eastern portion of Windsor and ('oles- 
ville, here the hills are elevated and the declevities abrupt, 
valleys narrow and precipitous. The timber prevents disin- 
tegration to a considerable extent and also preserves the water 



the stream, the current is swift in its general course ; second, 
the Susquehanna which enters the county from Chenango on 
the north windin;? its way through the towns of Colesville and 
Windsor than entering Peiin-ylvannia returning again passing 
between the towns of 'Kiikwood and Conklin to Binghamton. 
where it receives the water if tlie Chenango and from thence 
passing between Union and Vesta). 

The Chenango river rise< in Oneida County flows through 
Madison and Chenango Counties entering this county at 
Chenango Forks at which point it receives the water of the 
Tioughnioga. from thence it Mows south to meet the Susque- 
hanna ; the old canal ran alon:^ its eastern bank. 

The Tioughnioga rises at Ponipey Hill entering the county 
at the north and flows in a souili easterly course to Chenango 
Forks ; at the norlh tlie viilley of the stream is wide and fertile 
while for a few miles above CI.enango Forks the valley is so 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 




4 



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s^^S' .^^ I I 




MP 

1 



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ACKERHAN BUILDING CORNER STATE AND HENRY STREETS. 



BROOM I-: COUNTY ILLISTRATED. 



21 



narrow that scarcely is there room for a road without excavat- 
ing the bank. 

The Geological history of BroonieCounty is very interesting 
and is principally compiled from State surveys made near lS-10. 

The Catskill or old Red Sandstone group of rocks cover the 
highest grounds on the south side of t lie Susquehanna and the 
high grounds east of the Clienango. These rooks are red, gray, 
greenish and mottled red, brown and green, in them testaceous 
fossils are rare. These stratas are thin, usually from one inch 
ro three feet in thickness. 

The Cliemung group of rocks consists of Sandstone and 
shales more or less slate. The sandstone makes good building 



Public Buildings. 



On the northwest corner of Court and Chenango Streets in 
1802 was erected the first Couit House. Its dimension was 
24x3(5 feet and contained the shf'riff's office, residence and jail 
below and rooms for courts in the upper floor: the two cells were 
constructed of logs. The second Court House and Jail were 
erected in 1828 and 1829 and was bullion its present site. The 
work was superintended by three commissioners, Ammi 
Iioubleday, Grover Buel and George Wheeler. The board of 
supervisors authorized the raising of .$5,000 for that purpose,and 
later in lS2ii they were authorized to borrow -$4,000 and in 1830 




COJRT HOUSE IN i866. 

Drapccl in mourninfr for Rroomc County's most distinguished 
citizen Hon. Daniel IS. Dicl^inson. 



and tiag stone. The shales are usually to soft for any practical 
use, these stratas are usually thin ^eldonl exceeding two feet, 
but different layers adhere to each other with great tenacity- 
The various rocks form themselves an interestiTig si uily, lint be- 
ing so numerous we can not give space to cnn-^iUering each 
group, although agriculture depends to a great extent on the 
composition of rocks. On the formation of stratas depends the 
questions of springs, drainage, etc. 

The soil in the valleys is almost entirely made up of disin- 
tegrated slate and shale with vegetable alliirium. it is usually 
very fertile and well adapted to agriculture, on the hills it is 
better for darying purposes. 



the State Comptroller was authorized to loan the county $4, -iOO 
to complete the building. 

The present Ci)urt Hmisi' was erected by -T. Stuart Wells 
in lXb~ at a co-^t of $32.00ij. The building was then considered 
a beautiful and m:is-ive structure It has since been extended 
on both sides w1hi!Ii makes, as can be seen by comparing the 
two pictures, a mucli better priiiortioii-d building. It stands 
on a beautiful knold which was once iin unsightly hill. Before 
the additions were made it was nint.v-six feet long by fifty-eight 
in width. The front is ornamented by four ionic pillars, each 
six feet in diameter and thirty-six feet high. The underpinning 
steps and pavement are Onondaga limestone. The main struct- 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



u re is of brick, sanded and painted. On the first floor are 
offices of the sheriff, county judge and surrogate, di?tiict 
attorney, county treasurer and superintendent of the poor, be- 
sides the supreme court library ; on the second floor is the ccuirc 
room and adjacent rooms for jurors, etc , also the supervism-s 
room. The dome is surmounted by a cupoLa. which has lui iron 
plafforni commanding a fine view of the city and surrounding 
country. 

Allusion has just been made to the first jail in Broome 
County. The present structure was erected in 1858 at a cost of 
.tl5,000; and being by some considered inadequate at the 
present there is much discussion upon the subject of erecting a 
new one. The present structure includes the jail proper, with 
cells of stone and iron for criminals together with a comfortable 
residence for the sheriff. The noted humorist, linguist, burglar 
and murder, Edward II. Unlloff has been among pris:)ners who 



to themselves and to society. Removed from temptation, and 
subjected to appropriate treatment; there is every reason to 
hope that many, at least, will be restored from the drunkard's 
career and the drunkard's grave. At any rate humanity and 
religion alike demands the experiment.'' 

Brief mention was made privously of a few among the many 
statesmen, philanthropists and orators who honored Bingham- 
ton with their presence on the occasion of laying the corner 
ston. In his address. Rev. Henry Bellows, said: "I rejoice, 
then, to be able to lift to the pedestal of this majestic occasion, 
and to place before the eyes of the friends of the unfortunate, 
of the inebriate, and his wretched victims only less miserable 
than himself, the name of the first man who proposed, 
advocated, and successfully carried into effect, the project of 
an Inbriate Asylum — Dr. .1. Edward Turner. May^<TodJreward 
his faith and his words." The citizens of Binghamtonj^were 




FRONT OR EAST ENTRANCE TO BENNETT PARK. 



occupied a cell in the south alley. 

The first county clerks ottice was an insignifipent buikling 
erected on the first site of tlie court house, and in 1830 it wns 
changed to a location near the present site of the court house. 
In which quarters it remained till the erection of the present 
fire-proof building in which many valuable documents are kept 
and recorded. 

Mention has already been made to the .New York State 
Inebriate .Vssylum which was not only the first, but also one of 
the finest structures of the kind in the world. The venerable 
Dr. Paddock in IKtU say of it: "As a remedial as well as a 
charitable institution, it has no fellow. There is nothing like it 
in any part of the world. Looking upon inebriety as a disease 
as well as a crime, the projectors of this assylum propose to 
treat it in that character. It is believed that quite a large 
proportion of the intemperate as of the insane can be restored 



justly proud of such an institution, but destiny or rather the 
State Legislature ruled against them and soonjdeclared the 
institution a failure for the purpose for which it was created 
and on May 18, 1879 an act was passed abolishing the New York 
State Inebriate .Vsylum, and transferring the property j'and 
privelegesto the management of tl:e Binghamton Asylum for 
the chronic insane. The board of trustees consists of nine 
citizens of the state appointed by the governor and approved 
by the senate. 

Srisi/iirliinniii Vii/lrv //owe owes its origin as much if not 
more to the persistent efforts of l>r. .lohn G. Orton than to any 
other person. The edifice was designed and erected for a priv- 
ate residence, but in 1879 it was incorporated as a christian 
home for the homeless children. Where they were to feel the 
restraint and enjoy the blesf ing of achristain home and chris- 
tain instruction. To this end every means that parented care 



BRUO.ME COUNTY ILLLSTRATED. 



23 



and wisdom cun devise is employed to keep the little uiifdrtiinate 
as free from viscious influences as possible; and to nuike of 
them men and women of whom their benefaptors may be justly 
proud. All the neccessary facilites are afforded for a(|uiring a 
good education and many of the children are found nice, com- 
fortable homes in christian families. 

This institution is the pioneer of the county having for its 
primaryvobject the removal of children from the county poor- 
house ; but it was through its influence and example the law of 
1876 was enacted which prohibited the placing of children be- 
tween the ages three to sixteen in the alms houses of the state- 
Many of the children are exceptionaly bright and well 
educated and compare more than favoribly with the children 
wno atten-l the other schools of the county and show an interest 
in the Sunday school which is not usually seen in the churches 
This Sunday school is attended each sabbath by repre?entaiives 



seventy-five feet, two stores and basement. Female wing and 
keeper's hou>e, sixty-five by thirty-six feet, and forty by forty- 
five feet respectively, two stories and thiee stories high. Main 
biiildiiip. titty by fifty-five feet. 



County Officers. 

Following are names of the persons who served as county 
judges, district attorneys, sheriffs, county clerks, county 
treasurers, and county officers, and tlie date of their election. 
County yudges; — 

.lohn Patterson. April I'd, 1806. 

Daniel Hudson. March 2d, 1K09. 

James Stoddard, May 31st, 1809. 

Stephen Muck, Xuveniber Otli, 1SIl>. 




WEST ENTRANCE TO BENNETT PARK. 



of the different city churches who take charge of and teach the 
children the lesson for that day, giving them the same privileges 
of^other children more fortunate. 

The citizens and managers have not been unmindful of the 
children, and remember them especially at Thanksgiving and 
Christmas. 

Broome County Alms- House and Furms. — The county farm 
is located about two and a half miles north of the city of Bing- 
hamton on the west side of the Chenango river. It was originaly 
owned by Seth. Leonard and purchased in ISl'l by Stephen 
Weed, Vinant Whitney and Marcus Sage, superintendents of 
the poor of Broome county. It contains about one hundred and 
twenty acres of fertile and tilable land extending from the river 
to the slope of the mountain. The buildings are all of wood and 
the first of the new buildings being built in 1S70. Tliey are as 
follows; Main building; men's department thirty-four liy 



John K. Drake, \pril S th. 1815 
Tracy Kobinson, .lanuary 31st. 18'J3. 
William Seymour, April 12th, 1843. 
Edward (t. Kattel, June. 1847. 
.Fohn R. Dickinson. November, I8."il. 
Horace S. Griswold, November, iStih. 
Benjamin N. Loomis, August isth, 1870. 
William B. Edwards, November, 1S70. 
Taylor L. Arms. November, 1888. 

Names of those who served as surrogates, before the year 
1847 at which time they were merged with that of judge. 
Eleazer Dana, April 3d, 1806, 
Peter Robinson, February 12th, 1821. 
George Park, March 27th, 1823. 
Joseph P. Uugg. February 12th, 1836. 
Hamilton Ccdlier. Februarv 19th, 1840. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



John I\. Dickinson, February littli, ls44. 
District . I itorncya : — 

John A. Collier, June lllh, 1818 

Thomas G. Waterman. Februnry 25tli. 1S22. 

Mason Whiting, .\pril 10th, 18l'3. 

Peter Robinson, May 20tl), 1823. 

^[asiin Whiting, November SOili, IK31. 

Joseph Hosworth. 1S37. 

Hamilton Collier, December 1st, 1887. 

Ausburn Birdsall, February 12th, 1S42. 

George A. Northrup, November, 1840. 

Luther Badger, June, 1847, 

Jacob Morris, November 28th, 1849. 

Francis B. Smith, November, 1853. 

Orlow W. Chapman, September 4th, 1862. 

Peter W. Hopkins, January 6th, 1868. 

Theodore F. McDonald, November, ls74. 

David H. Carver. 1880. 

George K. Curtis, 1883. 

Winthrop D. Painter, November, 1889. 
Sheriffs .— 

"William Woodruff, April 2nd, ISOfi. 

Jacob McKiiiney, February 22iid, iNOs. 

Chester Patter^on, MaySUt, 180!). 

Thomas Whitney, March 9ili, 1813. 

Oliver Huntington, February 24tli, 18Ui. 

William Chamberlain, . I uue loih,lslS. 

Chauncey Hyde, February 12ih, 1S21. 

Joseph Patterson, Mrtrcli 2Sili. ISJl. 

Noah Shaw, November. 1822. 

Benjamin II Nichols, Nnvenilier, 1S25. 

Jesse Hinds, jr., November, 1S2S. 

James Stoddard, November, 1831. 

Robert O. Kdwards, November, 1S34. 

Robert llarpur, November, 1.S37. 

Levi Dimmick, November, 184(i. 

Joseph Bartlett, -November, 1S43. 

Usebe Kent, November, lH4fi. 

Benjamin T. Miller, .January 24th, 1K48. 

William Kent, November, 1S4K. 

Mason Wattles, November, 1851. 

James B. Balch, November, 1854. 

Erastus Hurghardt, .November, 1857. 

.lohn li. Bowen, November, IsiiO. 

Frederick W. Martin, November, 18ti3. 

Robert lirown, November, 18ti6. 

Frederick W. Martin, November, 1869. 

Philotis Edmister, .November, 1872. 

(ieorge W. Kunn, November, 1S75. 

L. Chester Bartlett, November, 1878. 

S. Foster I'.lack, Novenilier I8S1. 

.lames Brown, November, IKSo. 
Wintield Stone, November' 18KS. 

Frederick P. Ockerman, N ivember. I.S91. 
Urbane Stevens, November. 1S!U 
Cotnitv i'/rrhs:- 

.\8hbel Welles, .\pril 2rid, IsOiJ. 



Jacob McKinney, May 31st, 1809. 

William Woodruff, February 26th, 1810. 

^lason Wattles. February ISth, 1811. 

William Woodruff, November 9th, 1812. 

Ammi Doubleday, August 28th, 1817. 

Latham A. Burroughs, February 14th, 1821. 

Daniel Kvans, November, 1822. 

Barzillai ^larvin, November, 1831. 

.lohn 0. :\loore, November, 1840. 

Burr (ieorge, November, 1843. 

.lohn C. Moore, November, 1H46. 

Kras nius D. Robinson, November, 1849. 

William C. Doane, November, 1855. 

Hallan K. Pratt, November, 1858. 

Charles O. Root, November, 1861. 

Joseph M. Johnson, November, 1867. 

Pliny \. Itussell, November, 1873. 

Marcus W. Scott, November, 1876. 

Charles F. Tupper, November, 1882. 

Henry Marean, November. 1888. 

Frank Newell, November, 1894. 
County Tritjsitrrrs. — Before the constitution of 1846 was accept- 
ed the supervisors appointed the county treasurer. Follow- 
ing are the names of those who have served the county'since 

then by election : — 

Richard Matlier, November, 1848. 

Nelson .1. Hopkins, November' 1854. 

.\l()iizo C. Matthews, November, 1863. 

David L. Bruwiison, November 1875 to 1884. 

.lolin .\. Kider, November, 1885. 
i\/r////>rrs of Asseml>l\' : — 

Eleazer Dana. 1808. 

James Pumpelly, 1810. 

Chauncey Hyde, 1812. 

.lohn H. Avery, 1814. 

.\sa Leonard, 1815. 

.Mason Whiting. 1816. 

.loshua Whitney, 1817. 

John W. Harper, 1818. 

Chester Patterson, 1819 to 1821 inclusive. 

Chauncey Hyde, 1822. 

.lonathan Lewis, 1823. 

Thomas G. Waterman, 1824. 

Briant Stoddard, 1825. 

Peter llobinson, 1826 to 1831 inclusive. 

Vincent Whitney, 1832-33. 

David C. Chase, 1834. 

Neri Blatchly, 1855. 

Judson Allen, 1836-37. 

.lanies Stoddard, 1838. 

.lohn Siou>;lilon. 1839. 

Cornelius ^lersereaii, 1840. 

(iiileon llolchkiss 1841. 

l.'olierl Harper, 1S42. 

tiill)ert Dickinson. 1S43. 

John B. h'ogers. 1844. 

Cyru- .Inlinson, 184."). 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



25 



^ J^ W 




•fi 



•!'""-ii iiirT:* ♦ 

s. 






^:., ^ 




FRONT VEIW OF THE BINGHAMTON STATE HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



26 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



Salfronius H. Freiicli. lN4(i. 
Oliver C.Crocker. 1847. 
Jeremiah Hull, 1S4S. 
,Tohn (I. Whittaker, I.s4!l. 
Edward Y. I'lirk, 18oU. 
Hoher \V. Hiiui.-. 1851. 
William L. Ford. IS5l>. 
.loseiih F. Kly. Isi3. 
Robert Harpur, 1854. 
Charles McKinney, 1855. 
Walter L. Peck, 1856, 
Enos Puffer, 1857, 
.lohn S Palmer, 1858. 
f)gburne E. Bump, 1859 



Edwin (.!. Moody, 1877. 
.\lexander E. Andrews, 1878. 
Henry Marean, 187it 
L. Coe Young, 1880. 
F. n. Smith, 1881. 
1,. Chester Bartlett, IS82, 
William H. Olin, 1883-84, 
Isaac Edson, 1885-86. 
Issael T. Deyo,lS87 to 1891 inclusive, 
.loseph H. Brownell, 1892-95. 
Broome County has also been honored in the United (States 
Congress by the following persons: — 
Hon. .lohn A. Collier, 1831. 
Hon. William Seymour. 1835. 




INTERIOR VIEWS OF THE SUSQUEHANNA VALLEY HOME. 



Friend H. Burt. IMII 
(ieorge Bartlelt, 18(;2. 
Francis B, Siriitb, ls(«. 
Mulford Northrup, 18r.4. 
Edward Mersereau, lsi;5. 
.Mild B. I'lldredgf, Isr.p,. 
.lames \'aii Valkenburg, I81i7. 
Chauneey C. Bennett. I8t;s. 
William Kly, ls(i9 to 1871 inclusive. 
William I'My. William 1,. I'orcl. 1 v72. 
William I.. Ford, ls73. 
<-ieorge ."^herwood. 1874-75. 
Rodney A. Ford, 187ii. 
Henry Mather, IWO. 



lion, .\usburn Birdsall, 1^47. 

lion. Giles W. Hotcbkiss, I8(i3. 

lion. S. C. -Millard, 1883. 
In the State Senate by: — 

Thomas t^. Waterman, 1827. 

haniel S 1 lickinsun, IS37. 

IVler W, Hopkins, IS7S. 

Edwin (i llalbert, 1S7!). 

Edmund (('('(inmir. the (jrespiil incumbent. 

The Legisliitivi' or law making power of Broome County is 
vested in a B(i:inl of Supervisors consisting of one member from 
each town and ward of the city, the i)resenl number is twenty- 
nine. I'ormerly they were elected for one year, the term is 
now extended to two years. The following are the present 



BROOiME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



27 



members: — 

Andrew U. Jackson : first ward, city. 
Leonidas B. Gleason ; second ward. city. 
John E Stowell; third ward, city. 
Lemuel A. Clift; fourth ward, city. 
Harry Khoades ; fifth ward, city. 
William Kuger; sixth ward, city. 
Edwin Taylor ; seventh ward. city. 
Tabor M. Reed; eight ward, city. 
Lee M. Cafferty ; ninth ward, city. 
Walter S. Lyon ; tenth ward, city. 
James K. AVaite ; eleventh ward, ciiy. 
Ernest 11 Ballon ; twelftli ward, ciiy. 



.Tasper Smith ; town of Triangle. 
E. K. Alersereau ; town t)f Union. 
O.J. White: town of Vestal. 
W. W. Watrous ; town of Windsor 
•Tasper Smith, Chairman. 
A. W. T. r.ack.CUerli. 



Military History. 

Broome County has a military recoi-d of which she may 
justly be proud. In patriotic devotion to her country she has 
few equals and no superior. Many a brave boy and man threw 




GE^ERAL JOHN C. ROBINSON. 



Crosby T Moffat; thirteenth ward, city. 
M. O. Eggleston ; town of Barker. 
W. D. Uowley ; town of Binghamton. 
Wellington Treadwell; town of Chenango. 
B. B. Badger; town of Colesville. 
Charles E. Fuller; town of Conklin. 
John Culter ; town of Dickinson. 
A. 1). Weed ; town of Fenton. 
Frank Langdon ; town of Kirkwood. 
Robert Forks ; town of Lisle. 
E. L. Vincent ; town of Maine. 
Michael Woods : town of Nanticake. 
Joseph AV'hite ; town of Sanford. 



down his tools, bid adieu to loved ones and home, while he went 
forth to fight and defeat the common enemy. Beside the 
many brave privates and otficers of lower rank, three generals 
went forth from this county. 

With the return of peace no relaxation of zeal was shown^ 
a company of infantry and battery was organized which under 
competent ofticers has reached an enviable degree of excellence* 
A well appointed state armory has been erected on State street 
in the city of Binghamton which would reflect credit on any 
community. 

Among the pioneer soldiers of early days may be mentioned 
Major Josiah Stow of Windsor once an officer in the French 
army. General Orange Stoddard of Union once an Indian 



28 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



commissioner. Captain William Kritik. .ludge .loshua .Mersereau 
of Union a brilliant soldier of the Kevolution, he nearly being 
captured by the British at New York. After Burgoynes sur- 
rendered he had charge of the prisoners. 

In 1842 Jacob C. Robie of Hinghamton assumed command as 
colonel of the Twenty-first Regiment of New York ^lilitia con- 
tinuing in command eleven years. He was then assigned the 
command of the Forty-third Regiment with headquarters in 
Chenango county. Colonel Robie was an efficient energetic 
officer. 

Scarcly had the last field of the Rebellion been won. Than 



training. 

At the out breaking of the great Rebellion they rallied from 
Broome County to defend the county's flag men,who,for bravery 
ond patriotism the county may justly feel proud. Had it not 
been for such the tide of rebellion might have swept far beyond 
its northern limit — Gettysburg. At the first call three companies 
were organized at whose head was placed Col. Jacob C. Robie 
who was at that time appointed United States enrolling officer. 
These three companies composed of the following persons drilled 
daily in the streets of Hinghamton. 

Company r.— .foseph .1 Bartlett. major ; Edward I,. Lewis, 




QENER.\L EDWARD F. JONES. 



an agitation arose to establish a fund for each regiment ; ^rMXl was 
first appropriated on condition that a certain amouni of military 
duty be i)reformed. This in 1870 was so changed that non-com- 
missioned officers and privates received more benefit and a sum 
of at least %1 vras to bo paid to each one who had paraded at 
least seven times during the previous year, later, in 187s, this 
sum was raised to $8 and to meet the general expenses each 
regiment was allowed $500. This was, however, aftewards so 
changed that each division received .$1,000 for expenses and $.500 
more to brigade headquarters. There has been a general im- 
provement in all departments of Military training ; since the 
im of the training day when all left their work for a general 



captain; Charles A. Wells, first lieutenant ; Eugene M. I>avis. 
orderly sergeant; (leorge W. Dunn, second sergeant; James M. 
Watson, third sergeant; John E. Ronk, fourth sergeant; Eri S. 
Watson, l-rederick I,. <41eason. Theodore M. Leonard, Martin 
M.Adams, corporals ; Samuel I >. Crumb, Lewis W.Chichester, 
musicians.- /•>-/:■<?/,■.«. — (ieorge M. Andrus, William C. Austin, 
Orbul n. \ble, Orville Bacon, William A. Bowker, Henry N. 
Benson, .liiliii I'.utler, Jolin W. Bather, George Butler, .Sherlock 
I'. lUack, .simeop lirown, Alexander Bailey, William Barnes, 
.lohn Boyden, .Morris Blair, Lewis M. Ballard, .lames Barwise, 
.lames I'.artholomew, (iirard Case, Edward M. t^afferty, .lohn 
Coe, I leiiry Coe, Charles Carman, lUaud Dempsey, .lohn Horn, 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 




STONE OPERA HOUSE. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



Frederick l>iirand, Mi'-liael I'riseoU, George lirtvi?. Samuel 
Eastabrook, (ieorge W. Fnvd Fanning, .tonal lian French, 
Thomas M. Gillick, Martin Green, Simeon (Jrout. Orion Harmon, 
,lohn Hill, Oliver Hokirk, (ieortje Ilokirk, .loseph Ilanj'i, l.e\ i 
R, .ronnson, William S. .lay, .lames Kin^.C^lark Lambert, Haniel 
W. Larkin, Cornelius W. .Maine, Patrick Millmure, .Xorman S 
.Miller, liobert Martin, Gilbert Mix. ('Iinrlf's il. Perry, William 
H. Parker. Kdvvin S. Kichnionil. Mt-hiii F. Sterling, ('harles P.. 
Schramm.. Joseph Short^. Tlirodore Trtichell, William W. Tomp- 
kins, Thomas W. Tompkin^, .\loiizo (' Taft. William II. Van 
Alstyne. .loshiia Williams. Sam lel II. Warner. .-Vlbert G. Whit- 
man. Franklin Whi.ney. jr. Charles Yenny, 

(•■()«//(;«)■ /'.—I liraii. ('. Ilodgers. captain ; Henry ('. .lack- 
son, lieutenant ; .\sa Park, ensign; AVilliam II. P.artram. Fd- 
ward Comstock. (ieorKe Williamson, .\lbert <;. Xorthrup, ser- 



ford. Zael Paddleford, Charles W. Platf. Cyrus T. Purdee, 
I'eloss Payne, Oscar Phelps. Edwin s. Reid. Franklin Spencer. 
Nelson Spen -er. William P. Sampson, William .1. Spendley, 
Stephen A. Siurdevant. Charles Slater. .lames V. Snedaker, 
tUiarles Thompson, .loseph T. Tripp, .Vlbert M. Tyler, William 
Traill, liideon \'aii .\iiken. Fli'ah P. Williains, Benton .\. Wil- 
son. Charles Webber, .Tohn Wilkins. (ieorge L. Wilcox. Charles 
Winters. Lewis Walton. 

Com/'iniY F. — Peter .lay. captain ; William .\. Sheldon, lieu- 
tenant; \ai Fayette Cross, ensign ; Davalson P. Benedict, Frank 
K. Xorthrup. Luther N. Hubbard. .Joseph L Ross, sergeants; 
(ieorge H. Roman, Frederick Itanilall. Harvey 1). Whiting. .John 
C. .June, corporals; Franklin French, musician — Privates. — 
.lames Barry, I.,a Fayette Benedict, Ira C. Benedict, George W. 
Beckford, Charle „,X. Bowker, Hiram Brown, jr., Sanford Brad- 




ELECTRIC POWER HOUSE A^D BARNS. 



geanls; William W. Spencer, .Inlni L. I'.aile,\. Cliarle.'; R. Fair- 
child. Fdward M. Watson, corporals ; William .1. Rundeil. ('has 
\an Horn, musicians. — I'ri-nl.s. — .Ubert l>. .\rmstroiig. Will- 
iam l». BoUes, Irving S. Burdge. Francis Rently. William II. 
Hrainard. .lohn W. Burrows. Stewart .\. Burrows. Ileber Canoll. 
Clark . I. Cone. I''rank Coleman, Henry M, Crofker. I.'ufsell S. 
Cole, .lamias Coon,(ieorge Hickson. Cliauncey .1. Hurfee, Reuben 
11. Dickinson, Charles X. Elliott, C. Hopkins I'airchild. Patrick 
Fagan. I'rank P'rancisco, l-'rederick l'"owler. Abial T, l''inch, 
.\aron W. <iage, William II, Oray, .Alatthias (iorinan, l'"rank 
Grimes. Inlm II. Hogan. George Hedden, (Chester Howard, 
Charles A. Harding, Henry \. Harding, Oliver A. Kilmer, 
.lames P. Kirliy, William H. Lay, .James I.,ester, John Mc- 
Laughlin. I'haddcus s. .Monroe. Sidney A. McKune, Calvin 
Meacham, .Melvin .\. Newman. .loseiih R.Osborn, Newel Paddle- 



linry. Charles W. Butts, Charles Burger, Jesse P. Cone, Henry 
Cory. Nicholson \. Corson, Owen D. Conklin, Miles Cresson, 
William I''.. Curran, Benjamin Cummings, Joseph Ij. Davis, 
Solomon Darling, Lee F". Dawson, James L. Dunning, .John 
Dunning, .lames Durfee. Charles E. Evans, James H. Evans. 
George W. I'inch. John R. Ferguson, Harrison Gerig, X'athaniel 
(ierman, Harrison (tuiles, Charles T. Handy, Timothy Hayes 
Danie. Hawkins. Charles Holland, Harlan Holland I'atriek 
Houlihan. Warren Howland, 2d, .John Hysard. .lohn Kearn 
Thomas Kelly, John N. Kemery, .loseph Lake. Oscar Lander, 
David .\. (..ester, Rosander I-' Lodbell, .loseph H. Mc.\voy, 
Charles .Miller. William D. Osborn, .1. Washington Ostrander. 
Melvin .1. Pierce, Henry Redfield, James D. Reynolds. Frank B. 
Roger.^, \ndre\v l;ood..iosian H. Ro?e, Timothy S. Slater, Archi- 
bald Snell. jr., .lames Spencer. Lucius Thorp, David M. Turner, 



BROOMi: COIN TV I LUS TRATED. 



3' 




VIEWS IN ROSS PARK. 



32 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



lloUin f'>. Truesdall, William S. Van Valkenbui-gh, Havid 
Walker, Kdgar H. Warner, Frederick Waterman, Kdwin M 
Watrous, Albert Welch, William B. Westervelt, Edwin .!. Wil- 
bur, Henry Williams, l>aiiiel W Witherell. Reuben A. Wright. 
Theodore H. Yates. 

The 89th Regiment of N'olunteers was mustered into service 
in ISIil. The .ollowing are the officers ai d men ut tlie com- 
panies from Broome tlounty : 

Harrison S. Fairchild, colonel ; .Jacob G. Robie, lieutenant ; 
Daniel T. Evarts, major; .John F;. Shepard, ad'utant; Oonelius 
H. Webster, quartermaster: Truman H. Si|uire. surgeon; 
?satbaniel E Pierson, assistant surgeon ; (ieriit \'an liigen. ser- 
geant-major 

Coiii/'iniv /y.— .James llazley. ciptain ; .Nathan .V.Newton, 
first lieutenant ; Ohauncey .1 Keed. second lieutenant ; David 
C. Durand, Benjamin F. Helley. (ieorge ('. Baker, N'eedick 
Adam, Ira Scriver. sergeants; William E. Evans, Richard 
Downs, Thomas (iroody, Charles J,. Campbell, Thomas Durfee. 
Charles Stringham, George A. (Trove, Jlenjamin F. I.eech, cor- 
porals ; Samuel 1). Crumb. .John E Manderville. musicians; 
.Jacob Van .\uken, wagoner. — P//: c/i v.^I.eonard .Anson, Lewis 
Chester Bartlett, .Tames S. Burr, Byron .M. Badger. .lohn W. 
Beardsley. Frederick Brown, .\ndrew .1. Brown. Stephen 11. 
Holies. .Idseph l'>. ISovee, Edward B. Bishop, .lames E. Busby, 
Chauncy Baker. William Bisley. .lacul) Berger. .Jehiel C'amernn. 
Azor M. Curtis, Robert W. Crane. .Ufred (Hyde, Sherman N. 
Cook, (ieorge W. ('arharl, Stephen 1' Cagdin. .John Cluen, 
Uriah W. Cash. .K.hn Cassidy. Edward .M. Cafferty, ilartin 
Delano. Daniel Dennison, P^dson .\. Davis. Seneca Duel, Beed 
F. Francisco, William ('. Fisher, Hiram D. (iould, .Tames 
Groody, .\rthur ().( Jray, William H Hull, David Harris. .John 
P. Hunt. William Hamilton. .Tohn Kay, David Lincoln, Hiram 
D. I^andon, P>arney Lee. .Inhn Maur)shofl, .John W. Mnnn, .Tames 
Mullon, .lames ()'(_'onner, Francis O'Clary, .Jacob Portsher. 
I^ewis M. Pierson, Charles Pilhie, William T. Powers, F>iend 
Pratt, David .\. Patterson, Edward .M. Pierce. Chauncy . I. Reed. 
Oliver llaunny. .John W. Kulifson. .John W.Rockwell, (ieorge 
W. Stringham, .lohn Spahn. .John H. Sweet, Richard Smith, 
ICrnest ]■'. Towner, Henry W. Vanderburgh, .laoob H. Waldron, 
Charles 11. Williams. 

Com/'iiny />. — .lohn Brady. Patrick I'itzgibbons. David 
(•rommell. 

Company E. — ("harles Ball. 

( 'ompany E came from Oxford and Norwich. 

Capt. Catlin of Owego joined Capt. Bartlett of this city, and 
with their forces, proceeded to .\lbany, as ordered by the Ad- 
jutant (ieneral. The three companies started from Elmira. 
where for some days they were i|uartered for the battle lields 
of the South, .Inly 10th, IKtJi. They were assigned to the 27th 
Infantry of New York Volunteers with the following ollicers: 
Henry W. Slocum, colonel; .Toseph .1. Chambers, lieutenant 
colonel ; .loseph .1. Bartlett, major. I'he evening of .Tuly llth 
found them quartered in Franklin Square. Washington, and on 
the Kith they marched over Mt. Virginia only five days before 
they participated in the disastrous defeat at Bull Bun, in which 
Col. Slocum was wounded and the command of the regiment 



devolved upon -Maj. Bartlett, who displayed great daring and 
coolness by rallying his regiment and charging the enemy. 
While the main army was disastrously routed by so doing, he 
saved many from the pestilence of Rebel prison^. The 27th was 
badly shattered in this battle, having many in dead and wounded 
at the mercy of the Rebels. Col. Slocum was sonn promoted to 
Brigadier (ieneral. and Maj. Bartlett toColoiirl. This regiment 
was present at Yorktown, West Point, The Seven Days Battle, 
(iaines Hills, Crampton's Gap, Fredericksburg and Anteitam. 
At the expiration of their two years they returned to Elmira 
and were mustered out. Returning to Bijigl.amlon they re- 
ceived a hearty reception, after which they returned to their 
respective homes. -Many, however, again enlisted in the regular 
services as officers and privates. This famous 27th Regiment 
turned out three Generals — Slocum, Rogers and Bartlett. 
while the names of several others are prominent as sheriffs and 
other leading officers and public men of this county. 

In the fall of 1861 the famous 89th Regiment of New York 
Volunteers was mustered into service at Elmira. and about that 
time Hon. Daniel S. Dickinson, through the Secretary of War, 
obtained permission to raise an independent regiment called 
"Dickinson's (iuards". Professional business was then suspended 
at Col. Robie's office, and it was turned into a recruiting ren- 
dezvous. Four companies were organized in this county, with 
HarrisoTi S. Fairehild, of Rochester, colonel ; .Jacob C. Robie, of 
Binghamton, lieutenant colonel ; Daniel T. Everts, major ; .John 
E. Shepard, adjutant. 

Co. B was commanded by (.'apt. .James Heazly, of Bingham- 
ton ; Nathan A.Newton, first lieutenant; (!hauncy .J. Reed, 
second lieutenant. 

(^(1. J''^ —Captain, Robert Brown; first lieutenant, Moses 
Puller ; second lieutenant, William M. Benedict. 

Co. U. — Captain, Seymor L. .Tudd, of Windsor ; first lieuten- 
ant, Edward M. Bloomer; second lieutenant, F'rederick Daven- 
port . 

Co. II. — Captain, .John B. \an Howe; first lieutenant, 
Wellington M. Lewis; second lieutenant, Abner Morris. 

Co. A".— Captain, Frank Burt; first lieutenant, Oliver P. 
Harding; second lieutenant, Frank W. Tremain. All these 
companies did valiant service. 

Broome County had many representatives in the one hun- 
dred and ninth and one hundred and thirty-seventh regiments, 
besides in eleven other regiments, and her volunteers were 
found in every acting departinent of the army. She was also 
represented in the navy, among whom we deem worthy of 
special mention were. Commodores William W. MoKean and 
.J. R. Sands; also Engineers Levi SpafTord, William B.Brooks 
and Edward O. Robie. .Vnd a number from this county enlisted 
to serve in the iron clad nictolor, but through a mistake were 
not assigned. 

Ihr Drajl.i. — Previous to the Act of Congress, March 3d. 
18(53. all enlistments in Broome ('ounty had been voluntary, but 
under this Act a draft was ordered in the Twenty-sixth Clon- 
gressional District, to which Broome belonged ; and this draft 
was inaugurated at Owego, .July 17th, by Capt. Edward O 
Katlell of Broome (bounty, who was then Provost Marshal of 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



53 



**<?«. 




SOLDIES' nOUNMENT. 
Dedicated to our Dead Mercs. 



There is no industry more worthy of mention than that de- 
voted to the marking of the last resting place of those dear to us 
in life, and whose memory we cherish until we ourselves have 
gone "to that country from which no traveller returns," 

Mark Anthony said, "The evil that men do lives after them, 
the good is interred with their bones." 

There is no nation in the world more exacting in paying this 
last tribute than America. 



34 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



the district. INIany were drafted, but by the law permitting 
them to commute by the payment of $300, and the failure of 
many to pass the necessary examination, out of the number 
drafted only ninety-four entered the service, and the most of 
these were assigned to the 76th New York. 

As it had been proven that the draft was a failure, and when 
President Lincoln, on the 17th of October, 1863, called for 300,000 
men, tlie County System was devised, and the Board of Super- 
visors called a special session, Dec. I4th and 15th, and a resolu- 
tion was passed, directing the County Treasurer to pay $300 
County bounty to each man enlisting. Four hundred and 
ninety-two men enlisted, a few of them volunteers at the out- 
break, who responded to Lincoln's call at $11 per month and no 
bounty, but the majority volunteers for the first time donning 
the blue. 



Having thus briefly mentioned a few facts connected with 
securing soldiers for active service, let us briefly mention what 
part Uroome County took in that active service. We recite, 
with pride and honor to the County, the glorious exploits, the 
valiant charges, the coolness and bravery, exhibited by the 
faithful 89th Regiment, in which so many of our loved ones 
fought. This regiment usually worsted their enejny, having 
taken part in the following twenty-four battles: Camdeii.N C. ; 
South Mountain and Antietam, Md. ; Fredericksburg, Va. ; 
Marye's Heights, near Fredericksburg ; Suff'olk, Ya., two battles ; 
Hanover Junction, Va. ; Fort Wagner, S. C ; Swift Creek; Ber- 
muda Hundreds ; Kingsland Creek ; Drury's Blufif ; Wier Bottom 
Church; Coal Harbor: four battles near Petersburg; (Trant's 
Mine; Chapin's Farm, two battles ; Fair Oaks, and Appomattox, 
Va. 




BIJOU THEATRE, WATER STREET, BINGHAMTON, N. Y. 



Feb. Ist. 1864, the President iss.ued a call for ."lOd.iKiO men. 
The Board of Supervisors passed a resolution for anotlier bounty 
of $300 to each volunteer. This call was successful in securing 
261 in the county. Again, on March 1,5th, the President called 
for 2IK).000 volunteers, which was so well responded to that the 
County's (juota was filled without any action of the "Supervisors, 
but the call for ."jOO.OOO troops, .luly 25, of the same year, re- 
<|Uired the action of the Board by authorizing a bounty of $3(ilt 
each. This enlistment aggregated 393. 

On the HUhof December, 1S64. the President issued ncall for 
3(X),000 men Upon this call the Board of Supervisors took 
action .Ian 13, Isdo, by allowing a bounty of $700 to each one 
enlisting for three years; $600 each for enlisting two years; $500 
for one year. .\ large number furnished substitutes, but. in all. 
198 entered the service. 



The grand record of 89th scarcely eclipses that of lii9th and 
137th, each of which made a record throughout the war. adding 
luster to the patriotism of the county which sent them. 

-\ sketch of the war would hardly seem complete without 
mention of some of the leading names who acted in the capacity 
of ollicers The size of this book would cut us far short of doing 
adequate justice to these our honored heroes 

If you were on upi)er Washington Street, In Hinghamton, 
almost any pleasant afternoon you would see an old man come 
out of his residence, supported by a young nan and leaning on 
his crutches as he enters his carriage, .\side from the fact that 
he has only one leg, you notice, underneath his henvily bearded 
face, a stern and decisive look, as a background for his social 
pleasant exterior. This is (4en. John C. liobinson, once Lieu- 
tenant Governor of New York State, but dear to our County, as 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



35 



a hero of the great Rebellion. Gen. Kobiribon was born in Bing- 
hamton, in 1817. When eighteen years of age he entered West 
Point Military Academy, remaining three years, after which he 
studied law for a short time, only leaving this to accept a posi- 
tion as Second Lieutenant of the Fifth Infantry. Soon after, he 
was ordered to the Kio Grande and served, with distinction, 
throughout the Mexican War, and, at its close, rendered valu- 
able services in the South and West against the Indians. 

At the opening of our Civil War he was in command of Fort 
McHenry, Md. He distinguished himself in many places 
throughoutthe war, especially in the great "Seven Days Battle" 
and other battles of the Army of the Potomac. In the terrific bat- 
tle of Spotsylvania, 0. H , while leading his men, he received a 
bullet wound in the knee, which made amputation necessary. 
At the close of his servic" he was commissioned Major General. 




LIEUTENANT CHARLES H. HITCHCOCK. 

Another General of the army, who has likewise been Lieu- 
tenant (Tovernor, is Edward F. .lones, perhaps better known the 
world over as "Jones of Binghamton". Gen. Jones' record has 
been an honor to himself, as well as the County. We would not 
forget to make mention of Gen. Jacob C. Robie, now deceased ; 
Gen. Hiram V. Rogers, whose services were so valuable in Sher- 
man's famous "March Down to the Sea" ; Chaplin .lohn D. 
Parnes and others of rank, and above all, the ''Boys in Blue", 
who fought so long and well to preserve our Nation. 



Militia of Broome County. 

The patriot spirit which ran so high in the sixties has not 
been corroded by the lapse of time. Broome tJounty can now 
boast of an etticient and well equipt military organization, occu- 
pying their large and spacious quarters in the State Armory. 

During the fall and winter of 1877 and spring of 1878 a com- 
pany was mustered in, known as tlie "Binghamton City <Tuard," 
or more properly called the 25th Separate Company of Infantry. 
The first officers were; E. G. Judd, captain ; Arthur Tileston, 
first lieutenant; Edward A. Roberts, second lieutenant; Benja- 
min S. Miller, first sergeant; Cleveland Robinson, quarter- 
master sergeant. The Company have been very successful in 
their practicing with other teams, winning many prizes. 
Their promptness in case of need is clearly illustrated in the 
Italian laborers' strike at Owego; within one hour from the 
time news reached Binghamton sixty men had started for the 
scene of the strike. Also during the great railroad strike at 
Western New York, they were sent to quell the strikers of 
Waverly who had bid defiance to the Sheriff and his posse. In 
a few hours the rioters were overcome, and trains were again 
running. 

The company, which consists of 100, is now one of the best 
equipt of any in the State, and can boast of a building for head- 
quarters which can be surpassed by none. The Company could 
be out in full field service on a few hours notice. Its present 
officers are; Captain, Brevet; brigadier general, Hiram C* 
Rogers; first lieutenant, C. H.Hitchcock; second lieutenant, 
H. P. Worthing ; assistant surgeon, D. S. Burr. 

The Sixth Battery was organized in March, 1870, and re- 
ceived the hearty support of the friends of military organiza- 
tions. In 1873 it was the escort of Gov. Dix at Syracuse ; in 1877 
it waited, ready for duty six days, during the labor riot ; in 
1879 they participated in a sham battle at New Milford, Pa. 
Brigadier General Briggs said: "The Sixth fully maintains 
its reputation as the best light battery in the State — well 
drilled and instructed in all dismounted work appertaining to 
its distinctive arm of the service, including mechanical maneu- 
vers, harnessing, etc., — and would become proficient in mounted 
drill as soon as drivers could be instructed and horses trained." 

The first drill hall was the old Jlethodist Church on Henry 
street, next Brigham Hall. After this a barn on Water street 
and a hall on Court street, and after this quarters were secured 
in Dwightville. 

The present quarters were obtained largely through the 
efforts of Senator E. G. Halbert, in 1883, it is large commodious 
building on State street, which cost about $30,000. The present 
officers are: Captain, L. L. Olmstead; first lieutenant, John 
Underwood ; second lieutenant, John H. Gross. There are 85 
members in the battery. 



36 



BROOMK COUNTS' [LI.L'STR ATED. 




TABERNACLE M. E. CI1UWCM, Coi ner /Main and Arthur streets. 

Erected in iSS:;. N'liliie ot buiklin^' and uroiuuis. sfi^o.ooo. Member- 



ship in i'Sc)5, 7S5. Siinda\ 
C S. (jariiiner, Superintendent 



and uriiiuul 

SfliDul Membership about cSoo. 

if Suinlav School. 




REV. EDWIN B. OL/nSTEAD. 

Rev. lulwin !!. ( )imstea(i, pastor of the Taberna- 
cle Mclhodisl I^piscopal Church, is the only surviv- 
ing son of I he late Rev. DeWitt C. Olmstead, for 
many years a jirominent minister ot the Wyoming 
Conference, antl once pastor of the Court Street 
Church in IJinghamton. He was born in Danby 
Tompkins Co., N. ^',. Dec. 2^. iS:;;. He was edu- 
cated at Wyoming Seminars. Kingsttni. I'a., and 
W'csU'Nan I nix crsil V. Midilletown, Conn. He en- 
tered the mini-.tr\- in ;SS:;. lie has been stationed 
at Laurens. \. \'.. (ireat iiend. Pa.. Sayre, Pa., 
Norwich. N. \ .. and is now serving his second year 
as pastor of the Tabernacle Church, also Secretary 
of the Wyoming Conference. He has traveled ex- 
tensively and for several years has been in constant 
demand as a popular lecturer. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



37 




CENTENARY H. E. CHURCH, Cor. Court and Centenary Streets. 

Rev. John H. Race, Pastor. Value of building about $65,000. Mem- 
bership about 900. Parsonage adjoining Church vahied at $7,000 
There are about 640 members in tlie Sunday School and over 
^ooin the Epworth League. The Church has been lately repaired 
and thi Sun d a v School room enlarged at a cost of" about $7,000. 



3'^ 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



History of the Town of Barker. 

The large town of Lisle before refered to was divided April 
18th, 1831, into four towns. Barker being the south eastern one 
of the four; a portion of (4reene. Chenango C'ounty was then 
annexed. 

The present boundaries of Barker are: east, (4reene ; north 
Triangle; west, Nanticoke ; south, Maine and Chenango Towns. 
The town is nearly square with the Tioughnioga river crossing 
diagonally from the northwest to the southeast corner ; it con- 
tains 21,147 acres of land. 

The town was named after .John Barker the first permanent 
settler, although, there is reports of one by the name of Thomas 
Gallop residing at Chenango in 1787, four years before Barker's 
settlement. There was located what is known as the "Treaty 
House," a building erected for concluding treaties between the 
Boston Company and the Indians. 

Mr. Barker belonged to the "Home Guards" of the Revolu- 
tion and was at one time taken to England as a prisoner; after 
his release he settled with his family, consisting of a wife and 
six children, in this town where he lived until 183(5, dying at the 
ripe old age of ninty-four. 

The surface of the town is generally hilly and some of the 
declivities steep. The best land for tilling usually laying on 
the top of hills which is largely a mixture of clayey loam and 
disintegrated slate and shal. The soil in the narrow valleys is 
usually fertile. Originally the land was covereJ with valuable 
pines, the clearing of which furnished a livelihood for the early 
settlers. 

Among the prominent early settlers may be mentioned 
especially Simeon Rogers who came from Conn, soon after Mr- 
Barker ; marrying his daughter Mary. Mr. Rogers had a family 
of seven children some of whom will be well remember at the 
present time by inhabitants of the town. .lohn B Rogers who 
was for many years postmaster and a prominent merchant of 
Chenango Forks, is his son. 

Many interesting anecdotes are told of Simeon Rogers and 
his wife, especially of the later who was intimate with the Indian 
women. They kept a tavern and sold liquor of which the 
Indians were very fond. On several occasions they came and 
when very drunk threatened her life if she refused to supply all 
the drink they wanted; she was a fearless woman and by some 
Btrategm managed to escape, 

.lohn .Ulen was another of the early settlers of the town. 
An incident is told of some gentlemen from the east calling on 
him for dinner one day; he had no bread or flour, but starting 
for the barn he threshed some grain, ground it in a hand mill, 
bolted it throiigli his handkerchief and baked the bread for 
dinner. 

.\notlier settler was Majnr tJhauricey Hyde wlm having 
tried many portions of the state at last settled in 'Hyde Settle- 
ment" Major Hyde was a man of considerable rank having 
served as brigade inspector in the State .Militiii. and it will be 
remembered that he afterwards served this county four times in 
the State Legislature and once as Sheriff. His father Gen. 
Caleb Hyde who was a sheriff In .Massachusetts at the lime of 



Shay's Rebellion came and settled near him. A line of Lom- 
bard Poplars on the old Hyde place are said to came from a 
sprout which he brought with him from ^lassachusetts and 
stuck in the ground. 

Ebby Hyde, from Whitney's Point, moved to Hyde Settle- 
ment and remained there for some time. He was father to the 
late Dr. Frederick Hyde, of Cortland. Caleb's oldest son^ 
Charles, was employed in the United States Military Service. 
The history of this family and their pioneer life would be one 
of great interest to all readers if space would allow us to go 
into details. 

Nathaniel Bishop was another settler of prominence in this 
section, who came from Massachusetts in 1802. He had a fam- 
ily of ten children and put up a frame bouse between the 
places now of Charles and Elias Gaylord. 

McCoy Hill, named from Johnny ^IcCoy, a jolly Irishman 
who resided there, was on the direct road from Hyde settle- 
ment to Whitney's Point originally. On this hill in early days 
lived a Mr. Ames, John Smith and Robert Hillock. Lemuel 
Foot came from Duchess County and settled on the Dan 
Hanchet farm in 1817. 

Capt. Oliver Stiles came from Massachusetts in 1806 and 
settled on the farm where his son Simeon lived. Oliver was 
not only prominent as Captain in the State Militia, but also 
held several County offices. 

Among other early settlers, we would mention Elijah Wood, 
who settled on the Hiram Dunham farm in 1815, Stephen Foote^ 
Aaron Loomis, Truman Slosson, Abram (Graves, Elias Sheralier, 
.lohn Dunham, etc , around the vicinty of Hyde settlement. 

On the east of the river is the old Beach farm, where Asa 
Beach settled in 1795; also an old orchard which he planted. 
In this part also settled, at an early day, a Mr. Ranson and 
Abbott and Southerland. Benjamin Fuller settled in 1796, and 
from him Fuller Settlement was named. At an early day there 
was a log grocery on this side of the river, which was finally 
burned. There has also been two bridges put across the river 
just below where the school house stands, which at an early 
day were swept away. Another point was Leach's Mill, which 
was about midway from the brick house to the Forks. John 
Hulbut, Elias Rummer, Mott Wright, John Rogers, Joel Thurs- 
ton and Keynold Kinyon settled here at an early date. 

.Joseph Adams located at Adams Settlement about ISOO, and 
although he was not the first settler, the place was named from 
him. He had a son Joseph who settled near him a few years 
later, and some time later erected a saw mill on his premises, 
where he resided till 1853, and died at the age of ninty-one. 
Other early settlers of this vicinity are Asa Lyons, Deacon Benj. 
P^ldredge, Ira Bedell, Solomon Armstrong, John Stoughton first 
supervisor of Barker and also member of assembly, Lewis 
Stoughton, Joseph Wood, and Daniel Twiss. 

The occupation of these early pioneers was necessarily, 
largely confined tocleaningthe land of timber, which was either 
cut in logs and run down the river as rafts or sawed into lumber 
ill tlie numerous mills erected in the vicinity. The first mill in 
Hyde Settlement was west of where Charles Hyde resides. 
This was al)utidoned and another built near \V. H. Beals. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



39 



In 1813 a meeting was called in Hyde Settlement to take 
steps toward building a new school house as the old one was no 
longer satisfactory to the inhabitants. The building was soon 
thereafter erected just north of the Methodist church shedS' 
and cost about .■i!200. In Chenango Forks the first school was 
held at the residence of Simeon Rogers, which was taught by 
Aaron Stone, but in a few years a good school house was erected 
in Fuller Settlement, at an early day a log school house was 
erected; this was supplanted by a frame building which was 
afterwards burned. 

The older inhabitants tell us many interesting stories of 
pioneer life and especially of hunting scenes, one is told of .Tohn 
Beach who had allowed some sportsmen from Utica to camp 
near him. When asked for advise he told them how to start 
the deer with their dogs ; knowing the deer must pass a certain 
point on the hill, he took his rifle and waited for them. They 
hunted for three days and saw no deer, but Mr. Beach from his 
position on the hill had killed four which their dogs had started 
Although deer abounded, yet wolves were much thicker and 
were a great annoyance to farmers who wished to keep sheep. 

The Indians had by ;ome means convinced the inhabitants 
that salt could be found in quantities near the Half-way brook. 
Although some deer licks were discovered, but none rich enough 
in salt to warrant the outlay of procuring This project was 
several times taken up and again abandoned, a company con- 
sisting of .Tohn Rogers, K.O. Edwards and Christopher Kldredge 
was at one time formed to issue stock and commence operation 
A well about 100 feet deep was sunk but finally abandoned. 
The enterprise was then taken up by Mr. Merrill, who also 
abandoned it to a company under Lorin Cook who pushed the 
work by boring 732 feet, when they broke their couplings and 
gave up their enterprise. The water issuing from this well is of 
a briny nature, but not so valuable as that found in other parts. 
There is also a gas which escaped from the the well. The loss 
of .$4,C)00 in experiments so far has not diseouraged all the 
inhabitants as new experiments have since been tried. 

In 1832 a post office was established at Hyde settlement, 
with Franklin Hyde post-master, and was supplied by the stage 
running from Binghamton to Cortland. This was continued 
until 1854, when the Syracuse A Binghamton railroad was 
opened and the stage route abandoned. In 1836 the "western 
fever" struck the place, and many families left for the prairies, 
in three wagons which took all but the families, who went by 
the way of the Lakes and Erie Canal, the railroads not being 
open to traffic to all parts of the country as now. 

Chenango Forks is situated mainly in this town, although 
it is in four towns. This site was formerly mostly the property 
of Robert O. Edwards, an enterprising man from Massachusetts. 
He was a merchant here in the early history of the place. The 
Rogers family, who figured prominently in early history, has 
already been referred to. 

There was also a Mr. Faulkner, who built a log house where 
the Samuel Lee place is. Dennison Hoadley was an early shoe- 
maker at the place. Rev. N. Lewis was another remarkable 
man among early settlers. When 80 years old he would walk 
eight miles and preach three sermons on a Sabbath. Chenango 



Forks can also boast of the following physicians among early 
inhabitants: Dr. Daniel Brainard, Dr. ('ook. Dr. Sheldon, Dr. 
Winston, Dr. Hanes and Dr. Harrington. 

In the mercantile business of early days may be mentioned 
Simeon Rogers' store and Mr. Edwards' store ; .Tohn B. Rogers, 
has been in business a long time; D. Cusham and M. Hagaman. 
The village at the present time is fairly well represented in the 
mercantile line, although being so near to Binghamton. .Many 
will resort to the "Parlor City" to do their shopping. 

The church history of Chenango Forks is brief. The ileth- 
odist Episcopal Church was erected in 1871, at a cost of about 
$2,(XKi. When organized there were forty-four members, with 
Rev. A. W. Loomis pastor. There is also a Methodist Church 
at Barker which cost about .'i!l,500. The Congregational Church 
society was organized in 1822, and in 1837 a church was built at 
a cost of about -$4,500. The Episcopal Church was built in 1877. 
Rev. R. Todd was the first rector. The first officers of Barker 
town were elected in 1832 and were as follows: .Tohn Stough- 
ton, supervisor; Kdward Hebard, town clerk ; Woodruff Barnes 
Hugh Cunningham and .Tohn Beach, assessors; William Osborn, 
and Orlando Parsons, overseers of the poor; Lorenzo Parsons- 
.Tohn P. Osborn and .laeob Lowe, commissioners of highways; 
Charles B. Beach, Reuben Winston, Franklin Hyde, Edward 
Hebard, school commissioners; John P. Osborn, Harry Seymor 
and -\sa Hubbard, inspectors of common schools; Ransford 
Stevens, Oliver Stiles, Kufus Abbott and Daniel Sweatland, 
justices of the peace ; David Barker, collector ; Rufus Abbott, 
sealer of weights and measures ; David Barker, Asa Hubbard, 
Charles .\twater and Lewis Cook, constables. 



History of the Town of Binghamton. 

The town of Binghamton is situated southeast of the centre 
of the County, and it is bounded on the east by Conklin ; on the 
south by the Pennsylvania line ; on the north by the city of 
Binghamton, and on the west by the town of Vestal. 

This town contains much fertile farming land, but the sur- 
face is quite hilly on the southern part, the soil upon that por- 
tion being very slaty, while the soil of the valleys is a rich 
gravelly loam. Most of the soil is under a high state of cultiva- 
tion and contains a few market gardens. 

Like all other towns in this County in early times, it was 
covered with a dense forest of pine, and for many years after 
its settlement all business was based upon the industry of 
lumbering, as it was the only product which would yield a 
return of cash for labor; and the rivers furnished an easy and 
sure means of transit by the use of rafts. 

The first permanent settler within this town was Capt. 
.loseph Leonard, who came from Wyoming in 1787, with his 
young wife and two little children ; he had heard of this region 
through .\mos Draper, an Indian trader, and as he had been 
very unfortunate in his early life, wished to secure a permanent 
home. Upon his arrival here he found one man, a Mr. Lyon, 
who lived in a rude log hut on the west side of the Chenango 
river, and for a number of years kept a ferry across the 



4° 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



Chenango not far below the present Suspension Bridge. He 
was James Lyon and probably built the first habitation of a 
white man in the town. Capt. Leonard settled just above the 
present site of County farm, and his son Amasa, who claimed 
to be the first white child born in the town, occupied a portion 
of this farm up to the time of his death. Capt. Leonard died at 
the age of ninety-one, Dec, 1842. 

Following Capt. Leonard came Col. William Rose and his 
brother, who settled at the present site of Numansburg, or 
"Goosetown", and together with Amos Draper, visited the In- 
dians of the neighborhood to meet them in council, and leased 
of them, for the term of ninety-nine years, a tract of land one 
mile square. But this was not legal, as the Legislature had 
previously passed an act making it illegal for private individu- 
als to purchase land of the Indians. 

In the same year came Joshua Whitney, William Whitney 
and Henry Green. These three families settled at a point 
about two miles up the Chenango river ; after this many more 
settlers began to arrive, among whom was Capt. John Sawtell, 
who kept the first tavern in this region. It was located on the 
east side of the Chenango river, about three miles above its 
confluence with the Susquehanna Solomon Moore and a Mr.But- 
ler also came. The next year after the emigrants came to this 
town about twenty families settled in this township, and this 
added to the privation and want before experienced by the 
emigrants. 

It was five years after this that the first semblance of a 
court was held at Squire .Johnson's, in the open air, shaded by 
the trees. Judge William Chamberlain, with his wife, moved 
here from Duchess County in 1799, together with his father-in- 
law. Judge Chamberlain was appointed .Tustice of the Peace 
in 1802 and Sheriff in 1817, which office he held for a term of 
four years, being removed by the influence of countervailing 
politics. He was afterwards Judge of Broome County forseven 
years and an officer of Christ Church in Binghamton. 

There were few stores in the early history of the town, and 
many articles were obtained from peddlars who made a busi- 
ness of going through the country exchanging goods for furs> 
etc The early inhabitants only purchased articles that were 
actually necessary The luxuries of now-a-day were to them 
unknown, both in food and aiiparel, except those dainties of the 
liunt and stream. Snad were very abundant at certain points 
in tlie river, and they became <|uite a source of profit to many 
inhal)itants. These were usually caught in meshes or nets on 
dark nights, and so abundant were herring that the meshes 
were made large enough to allow them to escape. Wild animals 
were also profitably hunted for furs and flesh. Philadelphia 
was the best market for cattle and lumber. .Anything which 
could be so sent was usually lloated down the Susquehanna. 
The canals soon opened up new outlets for trade which were of 
great benefit to the settlers Among early settlers we might 
mention Mr. Van Name, whose wife was a daughter of Judge 
Mersereau, of Springfield, Mass.; a Mr. Cole and Hall, who 
were connected with the massacres of Wyoming and Nimisink. 
Many old records of this town have no reference to it as it now 
is. Originally, it included Binghamton City and most of Dick- 



inson town. It was set off from Chenango in 1855. The first 
town meeting was held in the Court House in the village of 
Binghamton, in 1856, and John 8. Wells was the first supervisor. 
It was at a special session of the board soon after his election 
that the County was divided into two school commissioners' 
districts. 

The early history of this town would come largely under 
that of the city of Binghamton and town of Dickinson. The 
first schools were those erected in the present city limits — one 
near the site of the Dutch Reformed Church, and another west 
of the Chenango. Col. Rose was the first teacher. 

Hawleyton is now the principal point in this town and took 
its name from Maj. Martin Hawley, who purchased a tract of 
some 2,500 acres of land in this vicinity. He had been told that 
this land was worthless, but being an energetic farmer, he soon 
demonstrated to people their mistake, and after infusing new 
life and methods into farming in this vicinity he returned to 
Binghamton. The village is now one which compares 
favorably with any place of similar size in the County. 



History of the Town of Dickinson. 

The history of Dickinson town is so well covered in that of 
the towns from which it was formed that only a passing men- 
tion will here be made of it. The town consists almost entirely 
of the fertile Chenango valley, laying to the north of the city 
and is very largely "The Market Garden Town." Port Dickin- 
son is the only place of importance, and this isa suburb of Bing- 
hamton, being connected by street cars, which ensures to the 
inhabitants the privileges of city life without city taxation. At 
first this place was called Carmansville, inhonorof theCarmans 
who settled thereat an early day. Later it was called Port and 
Dickinson was added, in honor of Hon. D. S. Dickinson. No 
post office was established by that name till about 1865, when 
J. C. Carman was made first postmaster. 

The canal at an early day was of greater importance to the 
village than the old remnant of it with its swamp holes is at 
present, and on it were located several places of business, such 
as a grocery store and collector's office. Nelson Stowe built a 
hotel in the place, which was burned in 1872. A paper mill was 
started in 1855. which was burned and rebuilt later. For other, 
remarks on this town, see the history of the towns from which 
it was formed. 



/ History of the Town of Vestai. 

Vestal is in the southwest of Broome County and takes in 
that portion of the County lying west of Binghamton and south 
of the Susquehanna river. On the north it takes in the fertile 
valley of the Susquehanna, while the main portion lying south 
is hilly and best adapted to grazing. The soil of the uplands is 
lilaty loam. The principal creeks are Big Choconut and Tracy, 
which flow Northward to the Susquehanna. The town contains 
nearly 23,000 acres of land. 

Some of the first settlements in the County were made in 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



4" 



this town, and date back to 1785. Among these the name of 
Maj David Barney is mentioned. Previous to this the Sullivan 
expedition had passed through this section and had several 
skirmishes with the savages, but there was much more done on 
the Union side of the river 

Col. Samuel Seymour and his brother Daniel settled on the 
widow Eliza Olmstead place on or about 1785. Abrams Winans, 
a Revolutionary War soldier, came just before 1800. The Mer- 
oereaus have an interesting history and were among ihe early 
settlers. Asa Camp settled in the northern part. He was a 
Sergeant in the Revolutionary War and helped to dig the grave 
of Maj. Andre John Fairbrother came in 1796 and settled 
about one mile south of Vestal Centre. It is said that he had 
shot 2,500 deer. John LaGrange came about 1793 and settled 
on what is known as the Phelps estate. 

Bethias Du Bois came in 1795 and erected a mill near the 
mouth of Choconut Creek ; Stephen Pratt settled in Vestal in 
1800. At the same time came the first blacksmith of the place, 
John Yarlngton. Alfred Rounds built a mill on Choconut 
Creek some time after his settlement. John Baty settled in 
Vestal in about 1800. Samuel Morse settled on the farm owned 
by his son, Amos Morse, about 1787. Peter La Tourette came 
soon after 1800 and was very prominent as an early settler. 

The foregoing are among early settlers of prominence in the 
County. As in other sections of the County, they had great 
hardships to endure and underwent many things which would 
more than discourage the easy-going man of now-a-day. There 
were not only wild beasts and perfiduous savages to encounter, 
but a new county to be cleared and a solitary life to be led in 
log huts, alone in the wilderness 

John Locke, a Revolutionary soldier, who was interested in 
throwing tea over in Boston harbor, was an early settler of the 
town. He had two sons — Nathaniel and Kdmund. Nathaniel 
moved to Toledo, Ohio, and was father of David R. Locke 
"Petroleum V.Nasby",the great humorist and former proprietor 
of the Toledo Blade. Previous to his moving to Toledo Natha- 
niel operated a tannery in Vestal, and from there moved to 
Virgil, N. Y. Other citizens who have figured prominently in 
the history of the town are; Samuel and John Randall, Dr. 
Ira W. Peabody, Dr. A. A. Witherell, Samuel Chanberlain, 
Nathaniel Benjamin, Alvin Langdon, E. D. Brown, Elijah 
Wheeler, Dr. Samuel B. Foster and many others. 

The first town meeting was held Feb. 11th, 1823, in the 
village of Vestal, and the officers elected were as follows: 
Supervisor, Samuel Murdock; town clerk, David Mersereau ; 
assessors and commissioners, Daniel Mersereau, James Brews- 
ler and Nathan Banny ; postmasters, John Layton and Elias 
Morse ; collector, Nathaniel Benjamin ; constables, Nathaniel 
Benjamin and Ephriam Potts. 

Following are the names of the Supervisors of the town 
from 1855, as far as we can ascertain their names correctly : 
1855, Samuel B. Foster; 1856, Daniel M. Layton; 1857-58, Cor- 
nelius Mersereau ; 1859, Jacob L. Rounds ; 1860, Edward Barton ; 
1861 to 1863 inclusive, Samuel E. Weed ; 1864-65, J. L. Rounds ; 
1866-67, George E. Ross ; 1868, Washington I. Weed ; 1869, George 
F. Codswell ; 1870-71, John Wheeler; 1872, J. L. Rounds; 1873. 



George E. Ross; 1874 to 1877 inclusive, J. L. Rounds ; 1878, 
George E. Ross; 1879 80, Ducius A. Mason ; 1881, D. H. Plough ; 
1882, E. B. Mersereau ; 1883, A. Winans. 

Vestal village is a small hamlet situated in the northern 
part of this town, near the mouth of the Big Choconut Creek. 
The first store opened in this village was built by Jonathan 
Crane. He was succeeded in this enterprize by Jacob Rounds, 
but he soon discontinued the business. The first hotel was 
erected in 1S44 by John and Jacob L. Rounds, but this was also 
discontinued, when the railroad was built. The largest build- 
ing in the place was erected by L. T. Safford, in 1882, and Mr. 
Safford has added much to the business of the village by erect- 
ing several other buildings. John Yanington was the first 
blacksmith, and Lorenzo Frisby's the first wagon shop. 

Churches — The M. E. Society at Vestal is one of the oldest 
in the County, and formerly embraced a large territory, but at 
present the one at Vestal village is the largest of the three 
appointments of the Vestal charge. AV^e can learn very little 
of this charge, but it was organized some time prier to the year 
1830. Rev. Daniel Foster donated the ground for the first 
building' which was a rude brick structure, but this has been 
replaced by a handsome brick edifice which was erected in 
1882. 

The other two M. E. Churches are located at Vestal Centre 
and Tracy Creek, the former being erected in 1868, and the 
latter in 1871. The church at Tracy Creek cost $2,500, and Rev. 
S. W. Lindsey was the first pastor. < 



History of the Town of Conklin. 

Conklin was originally formed from Chenango in 1824. 
Since then a part was added to Windsor, and later, in 1859 it 
was divided, and all the portion east of the river, called Kirk- 
wood. In its present area it includes all the land lying be- 
tween Binghamton town and the Susquehanna River. 

The river valley contains many fine farms ; also a few mar- 
ket gardens. The hills rise to a height of from 400 to 600 feet 
above the river valley, and while many are steep, still the most 
of the land is tillable but preferable as a dairy country. This 
is one of our smallest town, having an area of less than 15,000 
acres. 

The early settlements were made in 1788 by Jonathan Ben- 
nett, Ralph Lathrop and Maples Hance ; David Bound and 
others following soon after. Bound settled near the mouth of 
Snake Creek, but he found this a treacherous stream, as others 
have found it since, and it was only at the risk of his life that 
he and his family escaped its rolling torrents during a spring 
flood. Hance and a Mr. Burden also settled in this vicinity. 
Robert Corbett came from Massachusetts in 1796 and settled on 
the Ira Corbett place. 

Daniel Lwch was another of the early settlers. Noel Carr 
and Asa Rood, Jr., were also prominent among those who came 
at an early date. There were, however, fewer who came to 
this town than to many others, as its heavily timbered forests 
repelled many. These were none the less a source of profit to 



42 



BROOMF-: COUNTY ILLLSTH AI'ED. 




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BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



43 




ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH. 



The first church was erected in 1838. The present church 
was erected in 1873. The entire cost of everything was about 
$170,000. Near it stands St. Joseph's Academy which cost $60,000. 



44 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



those who utilized the time and put it in marltet. 

Among saw mills of an early date we might mention Mr. 
Corbett's, erected on Snake Greek in 1808. Mr Sherwood's on 
Fitch Creek was built about this time but is now in Kirkwood 
town, and Theodore Burr's, which was on the river in the north 
end of the town and was one of the best mills erected in this 
section and one which sent thousands of feet of lumber down 
the Susquehanna. 

In 1826 Luther Thurstin and Virgil Whitney were author- 
ized to build a dam across the Susquehanna between lots four 
and seven of Bingham's patent. This dam was to be submitted 
to three judges of the Court of Common Pleas, and a certificate 
to be obtained from them that the sluices were properly built 
so that rafts, etc., could pass down without trouble. The his- 
tory of schools is one of interest to all and compares favorably 
with that in other towns of the County. Nearly all were taught 
at an early day in log school houses, and these were not always 
as near as might be wished now. The settlers in this vicinity 
gave early evidence of a deep interest in religious affairs, and 
it was said that in all the families from the mouth of Snake 
Creek to Hamony, near Great Bend, prayer was offered every 
morning and evening. This was probably partially due to 
efforts of Revs. David Dunham and .John Leach. This state of 
religious affairs did not exist for a very long period, as in the 
course of five and twenty years only two or three out of that 
district could be called pious. 

Benjamin Horton was one of the early pioneers in this 
town. He located on Snake Creek and cleared up a farm 
where he spent the remainder of his life. He died in 1871 and 
was the first person buried in the cemetery at Conklin Forks. 
Among the other early settlers in the town were: Daniel 
Brooks, Ira Gardner, Isaac Bishop and Kdmund Lawrence. 
The following is the list of Supervisors from the year 1855, as 
all previous records of the town are lost: Henry Green, 1855 ; 
Theron Stoutenburg, 1856; T. Thompson, 1857-58; Theron 
Stoutenburg, 1859; Benjamin Lawrence, 1860; Aaron Van 
Wormer, 1861 ; Nathaniel Finch, 1862-63 ; E. Wilbur, 1864 ; Ben- 
jamin W. Lawrence, 1865-66 ; J. S. Corbett, 1867-1864 ; Benjamin 
W. Lawrence, 1870; Henry N. Watson, 1871 and 1872; .\aron 
Van Wormer, .Ir., 1873; .1. S. Corbett. 1874; Benjamin W Lawr- 
ence, 1875; .1. S. Corbett, 1876 ; Charles K. Fuller, 1877 78; J. S. 
Corbett, 1879 ; Aaron Van Wormer, 1880-82; Benjamin Lawr- 
ence, 1883. 

Corbettsville is a small hamlet situated in the southeastern 
part of the town and near the line of the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna & Western Railroad and the Susquehanna river The 
prosperity of this village is largely due to the Corbett family 
who built nearly all the buildings of importance in the hamlet. 

Conklin is the largest village in the town, being a station 
of the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad. The first 
store was built by John Bayless, in 1840. The largest industry 
at this point is the American Acetate of Lime Works, wh.ch 
was established in 1844, by .lohn H. TurnbuU. The Presbyterian 
Church was organized some time before the year 1sl>6, but 
where we are unable to ascertain, as there is no record beforg 
that time, .lohn M. Babitt was the first stated supply. 



Conklin Forks is located on Snake Creek in the southwest- 
ern part of the County. Reuben and Benjamin Horton were 
among the early settlers and built the mill in 1832. .Tesse A- 
and .lesse J. Coon were here in 1830, and the first store was 
opened by Frank Van Patten, in 1873. There is a large Acetate 
of Lime Works here, which was erected by Finch & Ross, in 
1879, and it is a rival of the one before mentioned at Conklin- 

There are two churches at this place — one the M. E. Church' 
which was organized in 1870, the building being built the same 
year, and the Baptist Church, which is located on the river 
near Conklin Centre. It was organized in 1855, with forty-three 
members, and the house of worship was erected in 1856, at a 
cost of $1,600. 

Conklin Centre is the only other hamlet in the town and is 
located near the centre of the east border. The first settler 
was Edmund Lawrence in 1813, and he was followed by Edmund 
Lawrence and Isaac Bishop. There is no business of any im- 
portance done here 

Before Conklin was divided it contained over 16,000 acres 
of improved and over 19,000 acres of unimproved land, the value 
of which exceeded .$500,000, and was only surpassed by two 
towns of the County in value — Union and Colesville. It con- 
tained at this time, ( 1859), a population of over 2,500. There 
were 465 dwelling houses and 483 families in the town ; 1,032 
children were registered in the schools. 



History of the Town of Chenango. 

The Town of Chenango was founded February 16th, 1791, it 
being one of the original towns of Tioga County. It lies west 
of the centre of the county ,the Chenango river following its east- 
ern boundary It is bounded on the north by Barker; on the 
east by Fenton ; on the south by Binghamton ; on the west by 
Maine. 

The surface of this town consists of the river intervale and 
several ridges from three to six hundred feet in height, separat- 
ed by the creek valleys that run parallel northerly and south- 
erly through the town 

The principal of these streams are Castle Creek, Kattell 
Creek and (lill)ert (!reek which empties into Kattell Creek,both 
of the former being tributaries of the Chenango Kiver. 

The town embraces an area of 21,154 acres most of which is 
adapted for dairying and stock raising, rather than to grain 
raising. 

The soil in the northern part is a gravelly loam mixed with 
disintregrated sand and underlaid by hard-pan. Farther south 
it becomes a deeper and richer gravelly loam. 

The first settlements in the town were made near the pre- 
sent site of Chenango Forks Thomas Galop located here in the 
year 1787, but he remained but a short time. Among the other 
early settlers were Jedidiah Seward, Wm Hall, Henry Palmer, 
and .U)hn Paige 

In 17S8 a saw-mill was builtattilen Castle by Henry French 
and it was said to be the first mill in the county. The first 
school house was finished .January 1st, 1815. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



45 



For a few years the settlers poured into Glen Castle and 
among them were Nathaniel Lee, Tyrus Page who then settled 
on the Sylvanus .Tudd farm,James Temple, Franklin and Thomas 
French, and later came George Port, C. M. Teal, Sylvester Booth. 
Lent Johnson, and Matter Gary. 

Castle Creek was also settled early, the village takes its 
name from the creek and the creek was named from the old 
Castle Farm which had an Indian Castle built on it and was a 
sort of an Indian village for years after the whites had settled 
in the section. We have previously mentioned that a Mr. Patter- 
son had tried to defraud them out of this place. This farm was 
then a valuable property of 160 acres 

The first meetings were held in the School House or in 
houses and barns which could be obtained. The Methodists 
built a small meeting house down near the burying ground and 
in 1810 the Presbyterians built a neat little meeting house near 
the present site of the Methodist Church. This the Methodists 
purchased an interest in and it was afterwards a Union Church 
until it was supplanted by the new Methodist Church. 

Mr. William Bristol a representive of McKinney & Everts 
of Binghamton told the writer an interesting story of his mar- 
raige in this old church. When entering the army Mr Bristol 
was engaged to ^liss Hetta Blair. In 1864 he was home on a 
leaf of absence and decided to be married on this occasion at 
this church. They were to sing as the bridal party marched in. 
The engagement had been a long one and some one suggested, 
what if they should sing, "This is the way I long have sought 
and mourned because I found it not." As they marched in 
mueh to their surprise the choir broke in singing this piece. 

The Baptists were not organized here till 1S44, although, 
they had meetings previous to that. 

William West was the first store keeper and had his place 
on or near the Widow Munsell House. 

Katteville is a small hamlet west of the Binghamton and 
Syracuse Railroad, among its early settlers we would mention 
Henry Palmer and Joseph Handy Revolutionary Soldiers. Where 
the railroad crosses the Chenango and enters this town is 
Chenango Bridge which is a place of only a few houses. 

There resided in early days Isaa'j Page, the father of 
Methodism in this place. Asa Smith also came into this section 
at an early date. Elias Kattell was an enterprising farmer who 
settled here at an early date and from him Kettellville derived 
its name. His son E. C. Kattell was once county judge 

A history of this town would not be complete without a 
mention of Lewis Pease, the founder to that great institution 
for elevating fallen mankind, 'Five Points Mission" of New 
York City. His brother Morris labored with him in this noble 
work. The literary writer. Waif Woodland, was their sister 
and known to the people of this town as Mrs. Edson Blair. 

The history in this town is of one peculiar interest if we were 
to give details and anecdotes of early settlers and their privations 
at an early day no mill was nearer than Tioga Point, fifty-four 
miles distant. Old Seth, an Indian, often took grists for those 
who could pay, but later the mill of Simeon Rogers in Barker 
was patronized. The simple plian methods of home life, with 
the spinning wheel, have now with many other things fallen in- 



to disuse. The religeon has changed from Galvanism to the 
doctines taught by Wesley. Many a solitary stone marks the 
resting place of a loved one before the grave yards of this sec- 
tion was known. 

The year 1854 witnessed the building of the Binghamton 
and Syracuse railroad, and many in this section had share sin 
this enterprise which they lost when the road was sold on for- 
closure. Nevertheless the people received great benefit from 
the road so that in the end few lost very much more than they 
gained. 

Castle Creekis the most important place in the town and is 
near the northern line. Among the prominent people here dur- 
ing the history of the place were Josiah West, who was prob- 
ably the first postmaster ; James Bristol who held the office for 
about ten years ; a Mr. Benjamin who had a store here at an 
early date ; C. P. Johnson who was a merchant here for several 
years ; Darwin Howard who has had a store for many years ; 
L. B. Smith, Cornelius Dunn, L. Lunn, William West, W. P. 
Blair, E. A. Roe. Jacob Burrows Richard Townsend who were 
blacksmiths; Enos Puffer a Methodist Minister ; P. Goodspeed 
Mr. Green and Ira Keeler who owned separate mills 

West Chenango is a little hamlet in the western part, it has 
a postoffice. In 1827 Nathanal Congdon built a saw mill at this 
place. John Dimmock and two brothers came here at an early 
date and from them the place was often called Dimmock Settle- 
ment. John and Amos Wilcox also located here, the former 
was one of the first blacksmiths. 

1884 a M. E. Church was erected and Rev. Addison Abbott 
was the first pastor. 

Glen Castle is located about two miles up Castle Creek,thi8 
like most other small places has a succession of Store Keepers 
from 1855. Richard 5Ionroe built a mill there which has been 
several times transferred ; there is a IMethodist church which 
was erected about 1850. 

Chenango Town was formed Feburary 16, 1791. Windsor 
was taken off in 1807, Conklin in 1824, Binghamton and Port 
Crane in 1855, a part of Union was annexed in 1808, and a part 
of Maine in 1856. Castle and Kettle Creek are the principle 
streams. Before Binghamton was set off in 1855 in was the 
leading town of the county in every respect and contained then 
nearly 30,000 acres of tillable land and over 21,000 acres of wood 
land. In 1855 it grew 6084 bushels of winter grain and Conklin 
(with Kirkwood) which came second only had 5,182, on spring 
its yield was over 133,000 or double that of any other town ac- 
cept Windsor whose yeild surpassed Chenango. In dairy pro- 
ducts its rank was then second or only surpassed by Sanford. 



History of the Town of Fenton. 

This town was formed from Chenango, Dec. 3, 1855, and 
was first named Port Crane. Since its formation the bound- 
aries have not been changed, and are as follows: East by 
Colesville, north by t^henango County, west by Chenango river, 
south by Kirkwood and Colesville. 

The east valley of the Chenango laying in this town is 



46 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



This edifice now beinj;- erected on Soutli Mountain, when completed, will be one of Binghamton's principal 
attractions for the visitors. Binjjhamton will be widely advertised, in consequence thereof the public at large are 
looking forward to October, 1S96. at which time it will be formally dedicated. (This photograph represents the 
Home MS it is to appear when complcleil. ) 




COnnERCIAL TRAVELLERS' HOHE. 

Now in Process of Erection on .South Mountain. 



According to the accepted plans of Architect tiarnsey, 
the Home will be a blending of the Parisian and renais- 
sance styles of architecture, resembling from a distance 
an eli' ated French chateau. It will be five stories high 
L-sliaped. the main portion facing the direct center of 
tlir I ity, to be crowned by a tower, and on the east side 
there will bean observatory. The principal fronts of the 
building will be of blue cut stone for the first four stories, 
the upper story being finished in buff terra- cotta and the 
roof in red Spanish tiling. 

The interior walls and partition^ will be constructed 
of brick and fire-proof tile, and the floors will be built 
with steel supports and fire-proof steel arches. The ex- 
terior cornices, panel-work, windows and crestings will 
be of cold-rolled copper of a greenish tint. That the 
l)uilding will be indestructible by fire is apparent, as no 
wood-work enters into the construction. The stairways 
will be made of wrought-iron and steel from the base- 
ment to the roof, and the elevators, cars, cages and 
screens will be hammered iron-work. 

The heating apparatus and engine-room will be lo- 
cated in a separate building in the rear, entirely isolated 
from the Home proper. In the basement will be located 
baths, barber-shop, bowling alley, billiard rooms, cafe and 
toilet apartments. 

Located upon the first fioor will be a spacious concert 
hall and lecture room, 32x40 feet, and a stage for theat- 
rical entertainments, 22x42, feet. On this floor will be 
located the secretary's office, reception room, ladies' 
parlor, board of managers' room, reading room, library 



and ct)nservatory, and a large entrance hall and general 
lobby. All these apartments will be connected and open 
into the grand hall. 

The second and third floors will each have twenty-six 
sleeping rooms and a large parlor, making in all fifty-two 
dormitories for the occupants of the Home, aside from 
the servants' quarters. The rooms will be arranged en 
suite, a.r\A each floor will have baths and toilet rooms. 

The fourth floor will be used as a dining salon, a large 
dining hall, and smaller breakfast rooms for the children. 
The fifth story will be given up to the use of the servants 
their sleeping and toilet rooms, etc. 

The working department will be provided with a large 
main kitchen, pastry kitchen, serving rooms, dish pantry 
laundry, cold storage, and a number of other smaller 
rooms. The elevators and stairways will be located at 
opposite ends of the building. There will be a third stair- 
way in the center. The general size of the building will 
be 163 feet on the long of the L and 91; on the other end. 
There will be a forte-cochere, -t^x-r^ windows, 216 doors, 
and iS flights of three sets of iron stairways. The cubi- 
cal measurements of the building will be more than Soo, 
000 feel. Its constitutes a plant which can be made to 
take care of and entertain as many as five hundred per- 
sons, all that will be necessary to accomplish this being 
to provide sleeping rooms in additional building for some 
of them. 

At the present time the entire real estate of the associ- 
ation is valued at $50,000, a low estimate. There has al- 
ready been expended on building and grounds $30,000. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



47 



usually narrow, which means that this town is oiostly upland. 
The hills are moderately steep and rise 500 to 700 feet above the 
river. Page brook flows through the centre of the town, divid- 
ing it into two sections. Osborn creek rises near the tunnell 
and empties near Port Crane. Pond brook, fishermen's great 
resort, is also in this town, and the two ponds are separated by 
a ridge called Hog Back. 

The soil on the hills is mostly a clay or slaty loam, under- 
laid with hardpan, and in the valleys is a rich, gravelly loam 
and alluvium. The Chenango canal was completed through 
this town on the east bank of the river in 1837, and the town of 
Port Crane received its name from a prominent engineer, Jason 
Crane. This name was changed to Fenton in 1867, in honor of 
Gov. Reuben E. Fenton. 

The first settlement was made in 1788 by Elisha Pease. 
His son, Chester Pease, was the first white person born in the 
town. Mr. Pease erected the first saw mill in the town, but 
others were soon put in. as most of this town was heavily 
timbered with valuable pine. 

On Page Brook a Mr. Jared Page settled, and he was soon 
followed by Mr. Vining, Garrett Williamson, Isaac Page, .lohn 
and Elias Miller. Timothy Cross settled in the northern part 
of the town in 1807. He tells many interesting stories of hunt- 
ing in the vicinity of Port Crane, which, from its peculiar situ- 
ation, was a noted hunting ground. 

North Fenton boasts of being extremely beautiful for situ- 
ation. It contains as many things of interest as can usually be 
found in a back hamlet. Its cheese factory has had a long 
reputation of not only producing a large supply, but fine quality 
of cheese. In 1867 a post ofliee was established and William 
Lawton appointed postmaster. 

In 1862 a store was opened. Henry Cornick started a 
blacksmith shop in 1828, which has changed hands many times. 
In 1840 a Methodist Church was organized, and in 1871 a new 
church edifice erected at a cost of $2,000. 

Port Crane is the largest place in this town. .Fames Hunt 
and Samuel Andrews settled here at an early date. Mr. And- 
rews built the shear mill on Osborne Hollow Creek. Wheeler 
and Yates had the first store of any importance here, about the 
same time a hotel was erected, but have since been used as a 
dwelling house. Mills have been erected on the Eldridge tract 
and Waite farm. 

The Baptist Church at Port Crane was organized in 1860 by 
Mr. Aliburn and its first pastor was Rev. A. P. Menie, the 
church was erected in 1870 and cost $5,000. 

The Methodist was organized 1841 with Rev.G.A.Berlingame 
as first pastor. They built the church in 1870 at a cost of $4,000. 

The first town officers were elected in 18.56, and were as 
follows : — 

Suferviso) — .lohn Hull. 

Tozun Clerk — Herman Waite. 

yiistices — John Bishop, Enos Puffer, Thomas Tabor and 
Ebenezer Crocker. 

School Supcrintendc/ii — .John B. VanName. 

Commissioners of Hisrii-vays — .Tames Howland and Benj. 
A, Potter. 



Assessors — James A. Barnes. I. I), .\msburg and Geo. P. 
Miller. 

Overseers of the Poor—Wm. Slosson and Garry V. Scott. 

Collectcr — Hiram Silliman. 

Constables — Henry Hark, Sherman McDaniel, John Jones, 
Leverett JafTers, AVillet Cross. 

Inspectors of Election — Daniel Hickox. William Williamson 
and Simon ,r. Lounsbury. 



History of the Town of Lisle. 

Lisle is the north western town of this county and has its 
northern boundary on Cortland County, and ita western on 
Tioga, while Nanticoke forms the southern and Triangle the 
eastern boundaries. This was one of the old towns and was 
formed in 1800, originally comprising four towns. In its present 
condition it conprises only a trifle over 25,000 acres. 

The surface is mostly hilly and broken upland. The Tiou- 
ghnioga river flows across the east and the Yorkshire Creek 
through the centre of the town, The Nanticoke Creek raises in 
the south eastern part^ The hills are very picturesure in many 
places, the most noted of these is Howlands Glen. The hill 
soil is mostly of a clay and slaty gravel with hardpan under- 
neath. The lowlands or creek flats are preferable for cultivation. 

.fosiah Patterson a brother of Gen. John Patterson was 
about the first settler in this town and came in 1791 or 1792, 
purchasing a large tract of land and afterwards run a saw mill. 
This he afterwards sold and removed to Whitneys Point to keep 
a hotel. About 1811 Mr. Randall erected a carding machine 
which was a source of much profit and commerce to the inhabit- 
ants, his machinery cost $600. Another mill of importance was 
the pulling mill owned by Samuel Kilburn. 

The first settler on the site of Lisle village was Ebenezer 
Tracy, he came about 1793 and erected a log house on the Dr. 
Orton place Dr. Hunt soon followed him and located on a site 
in the north of the present village. They were soon followed 
by Cap. Whittelesey, his son and Jonathan Cowdry at Killawog 
or as it was early known "Union Village." About 1810 some 
people came along driving furiously and ran over a child named 
Abel Hartshorn ; from this the name Killawog was derived. 

Robert Pierce settled very early on Fern's Hill Farm and 
opened afterwards a distillery. Cap. William Cook settled in 
1798 on the site of the village and just north of the four corners 
He established a Tannery where the steam mill now stands. 
Col. Mason Wattles became a partner with him in it. 

^[ajor Solomon Owen came in 1798 and settled on Owen 
Hill. His marriage to Sylvia Cook was the first wedding in 
town, he was by trade a blacksmith. 

Rev. Seth Williston, D. D., is another person well known as 
a preacher and mi' sionary worker. He served the church at 
Lisle prior to 1810 and was the most influential religous worker 
there at an early date. 

We would also note the early settlement made by Stephen 
Freeman near Major Owens, Wright Dudley on Dudley Creek ; 
Benjamin Ketchun on Ketchun Hill. He changed 160 acres 
where the city of Rochester stands for 93 acres on this hill. 



48 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



Orange and Solomon Stoddard who settled on this hill near Mr. 
Ketchum, and only a short time after Joseph Edmister,who took 
up about 600 acres where the village of Lisle stands and on 
Owen Hill, W. D. and Philotas Edminster were well known to 
the citizens of this county are decendents of him. Gen. Sam- 
uel Coe who settled on the east side of the river at Killawog ; 
Moses Burghardt who settled below Coe ; Elijah Rose, Deacon 
Davis, Daniel Hanchett and Elijah Burden who settled on 
Mount Hungry. 

Rev. Dr. Azariah Orton, father of Dr. John G. Orton, was 
from 1S52 to 1860 a prominent citizen and pastor at Lisle. He 
was educated in the class with William Cullen Bryant, Senator 
Ashley and Sylvester Lamed, and has figured conspicuously on 
several occasf ions. 

Some things of interest in the town are Howlands Glen 
which is about one-half mile long and the rocks rise in many 
places one hundred feet ; there are two very beautiful falls near 
the centre. The bones of a mastodon, some of which were 
taken to Cornell, others preserved by Mr. D. H. Millens. 
This animal must have been over ten feet high and twenty feet 
long. 

There was a grist mill and an overshot wheel on the creek 
that runs through the gorge. It was operated by a Mr. Wilson. 

The people of this town, like those of other towns, took 
shares in the new railroad which was opened in 1854, and when 
the road became insolvent and was sold on the mortgage they, 
of course, lost their interests. 

Among the physicians of note may be mentioned E.S.Briggs, 
Thaddeus Thompson, S. H. French, B. B. Brooks, Lewis H. 
Kelly, Geo. R. Barns, James Allen jr., William J. Orton, S. H. 
McCall, andH. C. Hall. 

Lisle village derived its name from a suggestion of La 
Fayette through his friends General Patterson and Hyde, It is 
the only place of importance in the town. 

Alexander McDonell was a prominent attorney of this town 
and a law partner of Judge Edwards until the firm was disolved 
by electing Edwards as county judge. He was admitted to the 
bar in 1815 and was the first President of the Lisle Board of 
Education 

Lisle can boast of a Union School, which probably has no 
superior of its sort in this county. There are eight grades, one 
year each, and two courses Academic and classical of three years 
each. It has a library and full chemical laboratory. 

Rev. Seth Williston, before referred to, founded tha first 
religous society and was the first pa- tor of the Congregational 
Church. This church cost about $3,000 and will seat 400 easily. 

The Methodist society was organized about 1815. In 1857 
they built a church which cost about .$2,000. 

Killawog in the north of the town is seldom mention with- 
out referance to the names of Mason Watles, Colonel Cook and 
Nathaniel Bosworlh all of whom were prominent in its early 
history. This is a fine farming country and contains many 
natural advantages for a place located so far from any great 
market. It has a Baptist and Methodist Church, the later cost 
about iii3,900. 

Yorkshire or Centre Lisle is a small place in the centre of 



the town ; reference has before been made to its industries, the 
principal ones having been the Tannery, Cutter Works and a 
few saw mills. The Baptist Church is a fine one and cost .$4,400. 



History of the Town of Nanticoke. 

Nanticoke was one of the four towns formed from the old 
town of Lisle. Its history as a town commences at the date of 
its foundation April 18th, 1831. The surface is almost exclusive- 
ly rolling hilly upland with narrow valleys along the streams. 
The principal creeks are the two branches of the Nanticoke 
The upland has very little soil which is not tillable. It ia 
composed mostly of slaty loam with hardpan underneath, which 
is better adapted to grazing than cultivation. In the valleys it 
is more gravelly. The town has an area of a little over 16,000 
acres. 

This town was settled early, among others was Philip 
Councilman who located at Glen Albury which was first called 
Councilman. He came about 1793 and was noted as a great 
hunter and trapper. Following him were John Beachtle, James 
Stoddard and John Ames who located on the east side of the 
Creek. Isaac Lamb settled on the site of Lambs Corner in 1804, 
and from him the place derived its name. Jophet Hallow was 
settled by and derived its name from Stephen Jophet. The 
early inhabitants of this place were of a roving shiftless dis- 
position. Butler's Corners derived its name from Elijah Butler 
who settled there about 1822. 

The first town meeting in Nanticoke was held in 1832 at the 
house of Philip Councilman, after an exciting time the follow- 
ing officers were elected : — 

Snpii-fisor — N. Remmele. 

To-rn Clerk— n. B. Stoddard. 

yiistices of the Peace — Silas Hemingway, H. B. Stoddard, 
David Councilman and Charles Brookens. 

Oversm-s of lite Poor — Samuel Canfleld and John Council- 
man. 

Commissioners of Hifflnvays — F. S. Greggs, H. Walter and 
James Lamb. 

Commissioners and Inspectors of Schools — F. S. GreggS. A.N. 
Remmele and J. L. Smith. 

Assessors — Charles Brookens, Hiram Rogers and Silas Hem- 
ingway. 

Collecter — Philip Councilman. 

Cons'ables — Aurora Brayman and Isaac A. Griggs. 

Sealer of IVeiffhIs and Aleasures — Silas Hemingway. 

Lambs Corners is the principle place in the town. The 
postofiice was established here in 1860. In 1882 George Little- 
wood opened a cheese factory here. There has always been from 
one to two stores here, and as many mills. Washington Johnson 
and S. E. Monroe are among those most noted with mills. 

The M. E. Church was erected in 1852 and cost $1,000. The 
next season the Baptists erected a church costing $1,200. 

Near Lambs corners is Nanticoke Springs which have been 
considerably noted for their water. The place has been a popu- 
lar summer resort. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



49 



Glen Aubrey is the second place of prominence in the town 
and is only a hamlet, although it was the first place to become 
settled, There has been a store and postofllce here for many 
years The Christian church was organized here in 1857. Nine 
years later an edifice was erected at a cost of $1,800 The 
Methodist church was erected about 1867, and cost $2,500. 



History of the Town of Haine. 

Maine was founded from Union in 1848. Since its formation 
no change has been made, except in 1856 a small portion was 
added to Chenango. It boundaries are east by Chenango, north 
by Nanticoke, west by Tioga County, and south by Union. The 
town has an area of 27,3i?0 acres. 

The soil is similar to that of the adjoining towns, being a 
gravely loam and slate. The hilli rise from 400 to 600 feet above 
the valley of the Chenango, and are mostly tillable on the high- 
est points. The valleys are principaly those of the Nanticoke, 
Bradley and Crocker Creeks. 

The settlements of this town mostly made by people 
from New England. One of the earliest was Benjamin Norton 
who settled above the present village of Maine. Three years 
later came Alfred and Cussell Gates and settled in the north- 
western part of the town. Daniel Howard and Nathaniel Slosson 
are said to be the first settlers in the vicinity of East Maine. 
Following them was Samuel Stone, Herman Payne and William 
Hogg. In 1790 James Ketchum came and located three miles 
southwest of Maine village. Later came Timothy Caswell and 
settled in "Allen's Settlement," John Marean, Ebenezer and 
Matthew Allen followed a few years later. Asa Curtis came 
and settled where the village now stands in about 1800. In the 
north of the town came Amos Howard as early as 1794. 

The Marean family are well known in Maine and have been 
very prominent for many years. Hon. Henry Marean was born 
here in about 1842, and was supervisor of this town for four 
years previous to his being elected to the assembly 

This town boasts of no manufacturies except such as lumber 
hence, we call attention to its "mill" history ; here was the Old 
Red Grist Mill built in 1810 on the Nanticoke Greek; the mill 
built by J. W. Carman in 1856 ; the saw mill in the lower end of 
Maine village by John Durfee ; the Holden mill built about 1826 ; 
the Prentice Fuller mill on West Creek built about 1835; Cap- 
tain Stoddards mill built in Maine village about 1825; the 
Slosson mill ; the Councilman mill and many others, most of 
which have been abandoned. 

The prominent physicians of this town have been Dr. Wm. 
Butler, Dr. Newell, Dr. Clarke, Dr. S. M. Hunt, Dr. Niles, Dr 
Noble, Dr. (ieo. Young, Dr. C. Heaton, Dr. 0. H. Gug, Dr. Dwight 
Dudley. 

The first town meeting was held in 1S49 and the following 
are the first town officers ; — 

Supervisor — A. H. Arnold. 

Town C/e>-A— John W. Hunt. 

Superintendent of Schools — Marchall DeLano. 

yuslices of the Peace — Cyrus Gates, John Blanchard and 



H. W. Mooers. 

Assessors — O. H. Arnold, Thomas Young, jr.. and W. H. 
Tuttle. 

Commissioners of Highivays — Hanan Payne and Edward 
Ward. 

Overseers of the Poor — Dexter Hathaway and Mather Allen 

Constables — Eustis Hathaway, John B.Smith, Joel Benson 
and R. T. Gates. 

Inspectors of Election — Jefferson Ranson, Amasa Durfee 
and Luke Curtis 

Sealer of H'eiffhts and Aleasiires — James VV. Carman. 

Pound Master — Lyman Pollard. 

Maine village situated in the western part of the town 
is the most important place. Lyman Pollard figures very con- 
spicuously in the early history of the place ; and built a store in 
1847 which has changed hands many times since. There has 
been a number of different stores in the place, among which we 
might mention Wm Lincoln, L. L. Brooks, Taylor Brothers, F.H. 
Marean and others. In 1832 E. H. Clarke built a Tannery. This 
has been improved and changed hands many times since. The 
village also has a hotel, cabinet shop, several lodges and a 
Young Mens Christian Association. 

The first Congregational church was erected in 1825. The 
Methodist in 1847 and cost .$2,000. The Baptist in 1840. The 
postoffice was established in 1828. 

East Maine is only a small hamlet in the east of the town it 
has a Presbyterian church, organized in 1871 and cost nearly 
$3,000 ; two miles farther south is the Methodist church which 
cost about the same amount. 

This section is often called Hogg Settlement ; there are 
many decendents of the Hogg family residing in that vicinity. 
Robert Hogg is one of the most prominent and is a highly re- 
spected citizen. This place is also noted for being in high 
elevation. The meadow back of the house of W. H. Perry being 
one of the highest points in the county, 

North Maine is a small settlement in the north of the town, 
it has a store and M. E. Church. 



History of the Town of Kirkwood. 

Kirkwood was formed on the 23d of November, 1859, by a 
division of the town of Conklin. That portion east of the Sus- 
quehanna being set off as Kirkwood. At the south it is very 
narrow, but gradually widens out as you go north, till it comes 
to the town of Fentoii which forms its northern boundary. Its 
area is 18,437 acres 

The flats along the river are usually wide and contain much 
fertile soil suitable for agricultural purposes. Rising from these 
the slope is less valuable and is somewhat clayey. At the north 
are many fine farms, on the hills, where dairying and agriculture 
is extensively carried on. Almost the entire surface of this 
town was originally covered with valuable pine, and the last 
vestiges of these may be seen in the enormous stumps which 
form fences in many sections. 

The first settlers in the tow n were probably Jonathan Fitch 



5«> 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 




RESIDENCE OF QEO. A. KENT, 119 COURT ST., BINaHAHTON, N. Y. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



51 




BINQHAHTON HIGH SCHOOL, HAIN STREET, BINQHAHTON, N. Y. 



Erected in 1S71— 72, at a cost, includinir turniture, of about $100,000. 
There are 510 pupils registered and an average attendance of 421, with 16 
teachers, whose wages for the last school year was $12,559.75. The total 
expense of the school for the last school year was $16,029.20. 



5^ 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



and Garrett Snedeker, the later of whom settled between Kirk- 
wood and Riverside, his sons were Isaac, David, and James : 
following bim was the Bounds, who are well known in the vi- 
cinity of Kirkwood. Fitch was prominent man in this section 
of the country, and built a grist mill about 1790 on the Fitch 
creek ; this mill was one of the first in this locality. 

.John P. Wentz came in 1793 and settled on the Berkalew 
farm which he held till 1806, before selling to Mr. A Berkalew. 
Levi Bennett settled a few years after Mr. Wentz and nearly a 
mile below bim on the river; it is said that Mr. Bennett bought 
his place from a Mr. Spaulding who at that time resided there. 
A few years after Mr. Bennett came Cap. Nathaniel Taggart 
who was an ingenuous man. .John P. Wentz removed to the 
Park farm on which afterwards his son William set up a store 
at the Park Tavern in about 1816, this store he was oblige to 
suspend, whereupon he took up teaching and surveying. Mr. 
Wentz surveyed the whole of the Bingham patent besides mak- 
ing extensive surveys in other parts, and for the Erie railroad 
which company he saved about il50,000 by his plans for the 
Starrucca viaduct. 

Among other early settlers we mention Daniel Chapman 
who settled near Riverside; Asa Rood whose settlement was 
near Langdon ; Asa Squires who settled on the old Park place ; 
John Bell whose location was near Squires ; Silas Bowker who 
settled near the site of Kirkwood ; Joel Lamereaux whose 
location was on the E. Y. Park's place; David Compton who 
settled below the Park's place ; Ebenezer Park who located on 
the old Wm. Bartlett farm : William Jones who settled on the 
river two miles below Kirkwood ; Thomas Carroll and Benejah 
Stanley who settled in Stanley Hollow. Late settlers of note 
are Henry Bayless whose location was near the bridge ; Daniel 
and Miles Andrews who settled below the village of Kirkwood 
and erected a grist and saw mill ; Horace Dwight who came in 
1830, and died several years ago near where his son-in-law Isaac 
Bird now lives; Rufus Finch and A. K. Park who reside about 
midway from Kirkwood to Binghamton ; C. M. Conklin who 
settled in 1827 ; Gambia Rider whose farm was on what is now 
"Trim Street"; David Langdon who resided where his son 
Myron now lives; S H. (Hmse who lived on the hill back of 
Langdon. 

The first town meetinj^ was held in 1860, and the following 
officers were elected :— 

.S"«;»c/-7/.«o;-— Joseph Bartlell 

7'o-cvn Clerk — Daniel Casper. 

fuslicfsof till- Pi'iiie — Isaai^ Hound. William Park and Benj- 
amin Duel. 

Assessors — Sylvester Barnes, Ira Shear, and Rufus Whitney 

Commlssionrrs of Ilisrii-.vays — B W. Sherwood and David M. 
Langdon. 

Uvvrsecrs of the Poor — Park Chamberlain and William H. 
Middaugh. 

Collector — (iporge Craver. 

Inspectors at fileetioii —.iv>\ii\i MilU. Samuel .lones, (-iporge 
Germond and James .Xinory. 

Sealer oj Weii^lits and Measures — Ballis Swartz. 

Constables — Knoch Brown, Henry N'anBuren, Geo. Craver, 



Wm. W. Jones and Robert Bartlett. 

Kirk-vood Village. — This is the principal village in the town 
being located about eight miles from Binghamton on the N. Y. 
L. E. & W. R. R. Robert Hays at one time owned most of the 
land where the village is located, he erected the hotel which 
was soon after purchased by John Wicks. The principal indus- 
try is the Kirkwood Wagon Works which was established in 
1884, principally by J. Emmons. J. W. Berkalew, E. H. Booth, 
C. A. RiJi r and William West. They are not at present build- 
ing as many wagons as heretofore. There is also a steam grist 
mill and two stores. 

Lewis Jones built a store in 1868, which is owned by E. S. 
Jones. J. D. Patch started his store in 1857, but his son J. B. 
Patch has recently gone out of the business. Nicholas Emmons 
well known by most of the citizens, was for several years post- 
master and carried a small stock of goods. Bert Alford who 
carried on a Mercantile business here for a few years has now 
removed to New Milford, Pa. Erie R. R. has a depot here at 
which all local trains stop, the present agent is Mr. Elwood, 
he is a very corteous, enterprising young man. Dr. G. E. Pier- 
son is a prominent citizen of this place. 

The M. E. Church was organized in 1860. The first pastor 
was Rev. J. M. Grimes. It is now in good condition. The 
Christian Church was organized in 1857, it is located about a 
mile down the river, its membership is not so strong as it was a 
few years ago. 

' Riverside is in the extreme south end of the town on the 
Susquehanna River, it is also on the line of the N. Y, L. E. & W. 
R. R.,but there is no depot, although some trains stop at the 
Milk Station. 

Thomas Conklin established a Mercantile business here 
which he successfully carried on for about thirty years doing a 
large business. Mr. Brown now keeps a small store here. There 
is a Christian Church at Riverside which was built by the M. E. 
society and purchased for the Christians by Alvah Wood of 
Kirkwood. 

Kirkwood Centre and Langdon are post-ofiices between Kirk- 
wood and Binghamton. The former was established by Eli W. 
Watrous in 1S61 and has been held by him every since. At the 
later place the pusi-otlice is kept by Myron Langdon. Many 
trains stop on signal at the milk station here 



History of the Town of Triangle. 

Triangle was formed from Lisle in 1S31. It was the first 
settled portion of the old State of Lisle, and contains the most 
important village. It is the north-eastern town of the county 
and is bordered on the north and east by Cortland and Chenan- 
go Counties ; its area is 24,231 acres. 

The surface of the town consists mostly of tillable land, the 
hills being less abrupt than in the routh of the county. The 
soil is mostly a gravelly loam on the hills, while the valleys are 
more alluvial and consequently better adapted to crops. 

The tirst settlement madeintliis town was by General John 
I'atterson near the present site of the Beach House in Whitneys 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



53 



Point, he came about 1891. David 8eymour came the next year 
and settled near Gen. Patterson. Ira Seymour settled near his 
brother and married a daughter of Gen. Patterson. John Sey- 
mour came also in 1792 and settled at Whitneys Point. Anson 
Seymour was another early settler of this place and a great 
lumberman. He furnished considerable lumber used in build- 
ing the National Capital at Washington 

The point of land between the two rivers received its name 
from Thomas Whitney. Pottersons Settlement was the first 
name applied to the place, but after the death of Gen. Patter- 
son the place was "Tinker Town","Tinker Point" or "The Point." 
Mr. Whitney kept a tavern here and from him the place received 
the name of Whitneys Point. 

A religous society was formed in 1792 by Deacon .loseph 
Lee, and in 1800 or near that time a block house built to serve 
the double purpose of a school and church. This was one of the 
first church edifices, but the one at Lisle was the first one erect- 
ed anywhere in this section of country. 

Soon after the settlement, Josiah Patterson set up a hotel 
near the site of the Beach House. Previous to this there was a 
school commnced and Martha Seymour taught it for some time 
The first bridge was near where the lower bridge now stands. 
Benjamin Morse took up lands east of the river, but this 
soon fell into the hands of Thomas Whitney ; later Photo Pease 
came and settled on this place. The Pease family were famous 
for a daughter of great litirary talent and for a son Lewis the 
founder of '"The Home for the Friendless" and "Five Point 
Mission" in New York City, and for another son John Morris a 
noted Methodist Minister and financial agent for the American 
Colonization Society. 

The opening of the Catckill and Ithaca Turnpike occurred 
in 1796 and was a great blessing to the inhabitants who had 
suffered much for the lack of gooh roads. .The people at Whit- 
neys Point could now send to Chenango Forks for mail at least 
once a week. The scarcity of mail advantages hardly equalled 
that of many other things. Salt had to be carried on horseback 
from Syracuse. 

There are other settlements of note around the town, we 
would mention Nathaniel Hays who settled east of the present 
village of Triangle, in the locality long known as Hays's Settle- 
ment. Later Triangle village became a great centre. Benjamin 
Gibbs settled here early and set up a blacksmith shop. .\nd 
rew Woodruff, David <Tibbs, Timothy Clark and David Claik 
came very early to this locality. The two last were large land 
holders and gave the place the name Clark's Settlement. David 
Clark erected a Tannery and Tavern and was very prominent 
in the early history. There was also in this locality, at an early 
date, Levi Woodruff. Dr Edwards, George Beckwith, Ira Slater, 
K. Boyington, . \8a Taft and John Parker. 

Hazzard's Corners took its name from Edmund Hazzard 
who settled there at an early day and become very prominent 
as a citizen and supervisor of this town. Seth Dickinson settled 
on the Otselic in 1800. having come from Connecticut with his 
family on an ox sled in twenty-one days. He was a tanner by 
trade and he commenced business on his new home by digging 
vats in the open ground and covering with boards to prevent 



freezing. He followed the tanning business all his life, living 
to the age of eighty-one. 

Whitneys Point is the principle village of the town, and is 
situated in the south western part; it is a station on the D. L. 
& W. railroad, about 21 miles from Binghamton and is at the 
confluence of the Otselic and Tioughnioga rivers. The post- 
otfice was not established here till 1824, and mail previous to 
that was supplied from Chenango Forks and later from Lisle. 

It would be impossible to go into details about all the firms 
who have been in the Mercantile business at this place. Waite 
and Corburn established a Whitneys Point Cutter Works in 1876 
which has given employment to a great many people, and have 
manufactured as high as 10,000 cutters a year. The Lander 
Brothers Carriage Factory was another enterprise of importance. 
Eli Sweet started the Excelsior Tooth Company in 1865. There 
is also a Sash and Blind factory, and Marble Works. 

The First Congregational Church of Whitneys Point was 
organized in 1834. The M. E. Church in 1842, the church was 
erected the year before at a cost of $3,000. The present Baptist 
Church was erected in 1854, at a cost of $2,500. Grace Church 
was erected in 1871 at a cost of .$5,000. St. Patricks Church was 
erected in 1872. 

The Whitneys Point Academy was founded in 1866, the first 
principal was David Carver; the Hon. I. T. Deyo was principal 
here in 1879. This school ranks high as an academy. 

Whitneys Point was incorporated as a village in 1872, with 
Kanson Rowland as president, and C. 8. Olmstead and D. L. 
Maxfield, clerks. 

Upper Lisle is only a small village situated on the Otselic 
river about five miles north of Whitneys Point. Asa Rogers 
and Phineas Parker were the first white settlers here. Timothy 
Shepard came soon after, and in 1802 started a Baptist Society. 
Geo. P. Elliott built the first store in 1800. Dr. Todd erected one 
in 1812. The Univeralists erected a church in 1830. The Bap- 
tist in 1842. 

Triangle Village is about five miles east from Whitneys 
Point on a branch of Half-way Brook, it was formerly on the old 
Tcrnpike. Dexter Whitney established a store here in 1S57. 
Daniel Ciark built a hotel, as before mentioned, and in 1874 a 
joint stock cheese factory ■"" Congregational Church 

was organized in 1819 The Bapuoi, .ociety was organized in 
1832 and their church erected in 1832 atacostof $1,650. The 
Methodist Church was erected in 1854 at a cost of $1,300. 

The history of this town would not be complete without a 
mention of the Broome County Agricultural Society at Whitneys 
Point. They hold an annual county fair which is a credit to 
the county and especially to those inlisted in it; their grounds 
are situated between the forks of the rivers, just north of the 
village. 



History of the Town of Colesville. 

This is one of the largest and most important towns of the 
county and contains an area of 47,284 acres. It was formed 
from Windsor in 1821. It received its name from Nathaniel 



54 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 




RESIDENCE OF J/VMES C. TRUMAN, 195 COURT STREET. BINGHAnTON, N. Y. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



55 




RESIDENCE OF S. E. HONROE, CITY ENGINEER, lo JAY ST., BINQHAMTON, N. Y. 



56 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED 



Cole, an early settler and prominent citizen of Cole's Hill 

The surface of the town is mostly upland, There is some 
flat land along the river and a little in the creek valleys. The 
hills rises four to five hundred feet above the river, and their 
soil is composed mostly of a mixture of clay and slate. 

The Albany and Susquehanna Railroad runs through the 
town forming along curve, making stops at Osborn Hollow or 
Sanitary Springs, Tunnel, Belden, Harpursville and Nineveh 
The Delaware and Hudson Canal Oompanys Railroad follows 
the Susquehanna river and meets the Albany and Susquehanna 
Railroad at Nineveh Junction. 

John Lamphere came to the town about 1785 and located 
near the site of Harpursville. The next season Lemuel and 
Nathaniel Badger and Casper Spring came, they located at 
Harpursville and at a later date kept a Tavern there. David 
and Edward Guernsey came about 1788, they went in the direc- 
tion of Ouaquago. Nathaniel and Vena Cole and IMr. Merchant 
settled on Cole's Hill in 1795. The same year B. S. Dickinson, 
David CrofTut, Titus Humiston and John Ruggles settled near 
them. 

Hon. Itobert Harpur settled in Harpursville in 1787. He 
was professor in Kings College fifteen year.-s, a member of the 
state convention in 1776, and also the state convention which 
formed the first constitution, a member of assembly in New 
York City in 1780 and deputy secretary of the state. He was a 
great land owner controlling about 60,000 acres. 

Israel Williams located in this town about 1800 He was 
oi^e of the Revolutionary soldiers that ferried George Washing- 
ton over from Long Island. Levi Manville came about 1796, he 
was father to Colonel Levi Manville. 

This town like all others had at an early day many saw mills 
to turn the forests into marketable lumber, at an early date two 
were erected in the south of the town and were at a later date 
purchased by Warren Doolittle and Nathan Mayhew. John 
Hendrickson had one about this time on the Doraville Creek. 
Mr. Badger had a grist mill and saw mill, and, throughout the 
town mills sprang up, flourishing for years and as the valuable 
timber became cut, they were removed or abandoned. During 
the spring freshets raft followed raft down the river presenting 
sights which would produce profound astonishment should they 
be repeated now-a-days Grist mills were not common at an 
early day and early settlers went either to Windsor or Bain- 
bridge for their grists, but later a mill was erected at Ouaquago 
Shad fishing along the river was a profitable employment. 

Some of the principle points of history, aside from early 
settlements, are the incorporating of tlie Harpursville Bridge 
Company In 1H3S, they were to build a toll bridge between Rob- 
ert Harpur's grist mill and J. W. Harpur's distillery. Four years 
later the SusquehaniiiUJentre Bridge Company was Incorporated 
to build atoll bridge between the houses of Samuel Doolittle 
and .lolin Lackeys. The bridge now crossing a' Centerville is 
the third one which has been built there and cost about $5,000. 
In IK21 an net was past allowing Samuel Madger and Uri Doo- 
little the privilege of building a dam across the Susquehanna 
River at Hemlock Kift. This dam was to be thirty Inches high 
and built of brush and stone Tlu-re had lieeii a dam across the 



river previous to this, it was built near George Collington and 
later one was built at Centervillage. 

After the town became cleared of lumber, dairying and 
agriculture became the chief industries, butter making in later 
years gave way to cheese factories. 

This county boasts of being at one time the home of the 
famous founder of the Mormon faith, Joe Stnith. Joe came 
from Vermont when a boy and was for some time in the localtity 
east of Nineveh where he obtained many converts and twelve 
apostles. Joseph Knight who owned a carding mill east of 
Centreville was an early convert to the new faith. Smith prov- 
ed the power of the new faith by walking on the water of the 
river, but a boy had moved a plank in his dock and he went 
under. 

We have previously mentioned that the first town meeting 
was held on Cole's Hill in 1822. The first town officers were as 
fellows: — 

Sufervisor — John Warren Harper. 

Toiun Clerk — Daniel Sanford. 

Assessors — Ozias Marsh, Harvey Bishop and Gervais Blakes- 
lee. 

Orcrsei-rs of tin- Poor — Nathaniel Cole, jr., and Elisha 
Humiston. 

Commissioiurs of liigh-.i'ays — Amos Smith, Alpheus iTOod- 
enough and Daniel Sanford. 

Constnhhs — John Wasson and George Wilcox. 

Colhctor — John Wasson. 

Commissioners of Coinmon •Schools — ,Tohn W. Harpur, 
Jeremiah Rogers and Harvey Bishop. 

Insfrrlors of Schools — Harvey Martin, Garvey Ruggles and 
J. K. Noble. 

Trtistrcs of (rosfel anil School Luiids — Geo. Wilcox, Samuel 
Badger and Samuel Martin. 

Scaler of Weii^^hts and Measures — Ira Bannell, 

Harpursville is situated on the west side of the Susquehanna 
river, between Centrevillage and Nineveh and is a station on 
the D. & H. R. R., which crosses the river just above the village. 
The A. A S, R. R. have a depot about one mile from the village 
called Harpursville Station,but it is in the more immediate neigh, 
borhood of .Nineveh. The post-office was established here very 
early Henry Thompson built a store at an early date and pro- 
bably here near the place of Jeremiah Rogers. Rogers Vosbury 
and H. A. Olendoof are among the old merchants. A foundery 
was started in 1856 by C. .M. ami ,1. Kichards. J. F. Bishop had 
a wagon and blacksmith shop for about thirty years and was 
finally succeeded by John Ayers. 

The Episcopal Church was organized in 1799 and a house of 
worship built in ISJS. The Baptist Society was organized in 
1811 and their church edifice erected in 1846. The Methodist 
Churah was built in 1843. 

Ceiilrr-'illai,'-!- is rather smaller than Harpursville and is 
.situated twt) miles farther down the river. The post-office was 
eslal)llshed here in 1855. The D. i>i H U. R. depot is on the 
east side of the river, while the village liesonthe west,a tannery 
was built here by Lewis Northrop who was also the first store 
keeper, his tannery turned out 40,(J(J<) to -50,000 sides annualy, it 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



57 



was burned twice. There was a distillery here at one time, 
built by Simon Harpur. 

Xiiii'xe/i is a small village above llarpursville and near the 
north line of the town ; this place was settled very early and it is 
probable that the post-ortice was established before 1810. The 
site of this village was bought as a speculation at an early day 
and surveyed into lots, anticipating t'lat the Erie Railroad 
would pass through here. Mr. Butler built a store at an early 

period. 

The most noted manufactory at Xineveh is the llobbs Car- 
riage \\'orks, which turnout only exira fine vehicles. The 
hotel has passed through many hands and has always provided 
good accommodations; there was at one time two hotels. The 
bridge across the river was built in 1880 at a cost of ^^5,000. Riley 
Bush has figured prominently in the history of this place. 

The Presbyterian Church of Xineveli has an interesting his- 
tory ;it was agreed among the inhabitants that they should have 
a church at the blowing of a horn. Rev. Ira Smith blew his horn 
loud and long on a Monday morning and people assembled, cut 
down trees and by the following Sunday he preached in a new 
church. The Methodists erected a church in 1K54. 

Sa/ii/arv S/ri/igs or Osborn Hollow is a station on the A. & 
s. K. R. in the western part, taking its name from Eli Osborn- 
At present the principal attractions are the Kilmer Medical 
Institute and the oil tanks. The pumping house of the oil line 
has a capacity of 40,000 barrels of oil a day ; two of these tanks 
were burned several years ago. Mr E. II. Odell commence as 
a grocer in 1855, and built the hotel in 1S65. Isaac Andrews 
opened a grocery store the year before Mr. Odell. 

Beldcn. — This is a small hamlet and station on the A. A S. 
l;. R. between the Tunnel and Nineveh. The post-office was 
established in 1868, when the railroad was completed. There has 
been stores here at various times, the one at present is kept by 
Mr. Kellogg. There has been several mills, blacksmith shops 
and a hotel. 

Ni--.:' Ohio. — Tunnel or Ilolcomb Settlement is just west of 
the tunnel. It contains few things of importance. A Grange 
store catches most of the trade in this locality. There is a Meth- 
odist Church here. 

\'alli)iiia Spyiiiga is in the extreme east of the town and has 
nothing of importance, except a summer boarding house. The 
water here contains sulphur magnesia and iron and is drank 
for its medicinal qualities, 

Ouai/iiiii^o is on the Susquehanna river in the extreme south 
of the town. The post-ottice was established here as early as 
1820. Uri Doolittle and Eli Pratt started a store here in 1S23, 
and there are at present two stores. A Methodist Church was 
erected in 1S68 at a cost of 4^5,000. 

The other places in this town are iHiraviUe, which is located 
on the east side of the river below Centerville. This post-office 
was established over fifty years ago. There has been a small 
grocery here. West Colesville or Pickerings Corners in the 
western part has little of importance. I\Ir. Blatchley for many 
years did a good business here making and repairing wagons. 
George Woodward keeps a small grocery. There is a Baptist 
Church. North Colesville and ('oles Hill contain only a few 
houses. 



History of the Town of Union. 

Union is one of the oldest towns in the county; with Che. 
nangolown it embraced all of Broome and part of Chenango 
Counties; it was formed fifteen years before Broome County 
was organized, while it was still a town in Tioga County. It in- 
cludes over 20,000 acres, situated on the north bank of the Su.s- 
quehanna River and northward to the town of !Maine. This is 
one of the most thickly settled towns of the county and has a 
wide intervale on the river, besides the hills and creek valleys 
to the north It also takes in the new and thriving village of 
Lestershire. 

The soil of the river valley is a rich mixture of gravelly 
loam and alluvium and is much used by trucksters and market 
gardeners; the slope of the hills is less abrupt than in many 
parts and they are tillable to their summits. 

The earliest settlements were made about 1785. Colonel 
Hooper was one of the first to visit this region and obtained a 
large patent. Joseph Draper settled where Union village is 
now in about 1785. .leremiah and Benjamin Brown settled east 
of him about the same time General Orange Stoddard settled 
here about the same time. N. Spaulding and Walter Sabins 
came the same year. Captain William Brink settled about the 
same time, and a little farther down the river than Mr. Stod- 
dard ; he was noted for his hardihood and courage. Winthrop 
Roe located in tlie eastern part in 1792. Ezekiel Crocker came 
in about 1785, he was at one time very wealthy, being one of the 
sixty proprietors of the Boston Purchase, having made and 
saved his money by hard work and careful living. 

An interesting story is related of Lewis Keller who settled 
here in 1789. While on his way from the east, he had just passed 
Deposit when he fell into company with a woman going to Lisle. 
They soon became so intimate that he mounted the horse be- 
hind her, and they were engaged before reaching Binghamton, 
and on arriving there were married. 

.loshua ^lersereau moved in from Vestal in 1781, he was of 
French origin and a snip carpenter by trade. Mr. Mersereau 
was an intimate friend of General Washington and was appoint- 
ed a ilajor by him. Previous to moving to this county he had 
been in the Assembly and had been an unsuccessful candidate 
for State Senator; his third son, Lawrence, lived to be one 
hundred years old, when only fourteen he was commissioned as 
ensign. .lohn Mersereau a brother of .Toshua, came to the town 
in 1794, his purchase embracing the present village of Union ;he 
was the first to introduce a post-mail coach in this country and 
was employed by Gen. Washington on some very important 
positions ; he and his brother prevented the British from follow- 
ing AVashington across the Delaware. John was grandfather of 
the late Hon. E. (J. ^lersereau who has served our county in the 
assembly and was so well and favorably known. 

The Mersereau family have always figured very prominently 
in the history of the Town of I'nion. The present supervisor is 
a son of the Hon. E. C. Mersereau, is a very pleasant and 
able man and greatly esteemed by all. 

Amos Patterson, another prominent early settler, located 
in the eastern part of the town, and has served as county 
judge and was one of the stock holders in the Boston Purchase ; 



58 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



besides him were Abner Rockwell, Elnathan Norton, Medad 
Bradley, E. B. Bradley, Rowland Davis and Rev. Wm, Gates a 
prominent Baptist minister, and later on many more of promi- 
nence came in untill the town was well filled up. 

The high water of the Susquehanna has damaged this town 
considerably by overflowing its banks, but more especially by 
taking out the bridges which crossed from Union to Vestal. A 
company was organized in 1821 to build a toll bridge, and in 
1850 a bridge was built which cost $15,000. This was nearly 
destroyed by a freshet in 1865. In 1870 a new free bridge was 
erected at a cost of $30,000. The present bridge was built in 
1894 at a cost of $50,000, the town of Union paying 65% and 
Vestal 35",, of this sum. 

Among the prominent men of the town, not heretofore 
mentioned are Dr. Ross, the first practicing physician ; Chester 
Lusk the originator of the Broome County Medical Society; 
Dr. Daniel Nash who studied medicine with Dr. Lusk ; Dr. Geo. 
Burr so favorable known to the citizens of this town ; Dr S. W. 
Adams, dentist; Dr. Ezekiel Daniels, Dr. L. D. Witherell, Jacob 

Morris. 

The first lawyers of the place were John Moody and Solomon 
Judd, attorneys; George Northrup a law partner of Hon D. S. 
Dickinson; F. B. Smith who has practiced law in Union from 
1852 till w iiliin a few years, when he died, having held the office 
of district attorney and member of assembly, besides a few 
minor offices ; Ra Jcliff Park who has practiced with F. B. Smith. 

This town was organized in 1781 with Silas Hutchinson as 
town clerk. 

The following is a list of the supervisors of the town, with 
the exceptions ot a few years where the i-ecords have been lost. 
.John Whitney, 1791-92. 

Jonathan Fitch, 1793. 

Daniel Hudson, 1794. 

Luke Bates, 1795. 

(». Stoddard, 1796-97. 

Samuel Seymour, 1798. 

Joshua Mersereau, 1799. 

Charles Stone, 1800. 

.\mos Patterson, 1801-07. 

Chester Lusk, 1808-11. 

Brian Stoddard, 1812-14. 

Chester Lusk, 1815-21 

Chester Patterson, 1822. 

.Joseph Cliambers, 1823. 

Chester Lusk, 1824. 

Joseph Chambers, 1825. 

.(ohn K. Edwards, 1826-29. 

Brian Stoddard, 1830-33. 

John K. Edwards, 1834. 

Benjamin Balch, 1853. 

Samuel Whittemore, 1854. 

Benjamin Halch, 1855. 

■I esse Richards, 1856. 

(;hristopher Mersereau, 1857. 

E. C. Mersereau, 1857-59. 

John H. Roswell, 1860. 



John Wheeler, 1861. 
David Pitkins, 1862. 
Samuel Smith, 1863. 
E. C. Mersereau, 1864-66. 
E. C. Moody, 1867. 
Solomon Lashier, 1868. 
E. C. Moody. 1869-70. 
Solomon Lashier, 1871. 
E. C. Moody, 1873-75. 
Francis B. Smith, 1876-77. 
Fayette S. Keeler, 1878-81. 

D. J. Palmer, 1882-85. 
Alexander Jennings, 1886-91. 

E. K. Mersereau, 1892. 
Joseph Howard, 1893. 

E. K. Mersereau, 1894-95. 

Union is a very important station on the N. Y.,L. E. & W. 
railroad. At first the settlement on the Nanticoke creek below 
this village was almost a rival to the present site, and had a 
store kept by Samuel Avery. Lewis Keller also conducted a 
hotel, and later Mark Curtis kept a store. 

There were men of enterprise at "Union Corners," now 
Union, who soon transferred the business centre to that place. 
The fiL•^t store established in the village was that of Ephraim 
Robbins, located on the site where E. C. Mersereau has since 
erected his store Following this in the history of the town 
came ■\I. M. Badger, W H. & C, E. Keller. J. K. Edwards, Mr. 
Casterline. William Caflerty, L. J. Brown, and many others, 
The place has at present a large number engaged in mercantile 
business, among them being E. K. Mersereau, dealer in seeds, 
lime, cement, wood, real estate, etc ; C. Bowen and S. M. Ben- 
jamin, hardware; J. M. Warner, groceries; K. M. Witherill and 
M. Truesdell, dry goods; Wm. Olmstead, stoves, etc. The 
Union Hardware Co. commenced manufacturing carriage hard- 
ware and trimmings in 1883 and is still doing business. E. W. 
Barton has a sawmill and elevator. The village has a well-or- 
ganized Fire Department, consisting of three companies. 

The first Methodist church was erected in 1848, giving place 
to a new church structure, built in 1872, at a cost of $12,000. The 
first Presbyterian church was erected in lS24and supplanted by 
a new edifice in 1872. The Baptist church was organized in 
1874. The Free Methodists came into existence as a society 
here in 1870. The Union .\'<:: > was established in lK.51,and has 
had a good patronage sinceit s establishment. 

i.i-strrs/tire, while one of the youngest villages in the coun- 
ty yet is one of the largest and owes its existence chiefly to the 
Lester Boot i*i Shoe Company, which was established at that 
place to avoid city taxation. This interest which is one of the 
largest factories of the kind in the world, has had a varied his- 
tory. The village, although in Tnion township, fits on very 
nicely to the western fide of Biiighamton, and can enjoy all the 
advantages of the city although without the boundaries. Out- 
side the boot and shoe industry, there is lictle of importance in 
Lestershire. There are several stores, churches, and other 
building, all new and in good condition. 

lloiii<i-r is situated two miles east of I'nion, on the N. Y. L. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



59 



E. & W. Ry. The place reoeived its name from Philander Hoop- 
er, who settled there when a boy, in 1807. John Twining was 
an other early settler, and Amos Patterson built the old AVash- 
ingtonian house, located a mile east of Hooper. 

( 'iiioi! Ciiifre is a hamlet on the Nanticoke creek. It is of 
little interest, excepting the mills. A cheese factory was loca- 
ted here for two years. A Congregational church was organ- 
ized in 1841, and the Methodist church some years later. 



History of the Town of Windsor. 

This is one of the oldest and most historical towns of the 
county, embracing now an area of nearly 52,000 acres. Origi- 
nally it included the townships of Colesville and Sanford, these 
towns being taken from Windsor's territory in 1851, and thirty 
years later a small part was added to the present town of Kirk- 
wood. 

The town is divided by the Susquehanna river into two sec- 
tions, of which the western is the larger and much the finer for 
farming purposes. The river farms contain considerable bot- 
tom land, but the hills to the east are of little value except as 
timber-land To the west there are several creek valleys, con- 
taining many fine farms. The hills rise from 600 to 800 feet 
above the river and their soil is cUieHy of a slaty loam, under- 
laid in many places by hard pan. 

The town of Windsor was Hrs-t called 0(|uaga. and was 
originally the site of a part of the Five Nations, or confedera- 
tion of Indians sometimes called the Iroquois, who had a village 
near "Dutchtown," or Ouquaga. about two miles north of Wind- 
sor village, and probably another where the fair-ground is now 
located, as numerous Indian trinkets and a skeleton were ex- 
humed in the grading the race track. The white settlers found 
in addition to the above mentioned relics, an Indian apple orch- 
ard in bearing condition at Oquaga. The first white settle- 
ment was made in 1786. John Doolittle came in March of that 
year and settled in what is now the town of Colesville near the 
village of Ouaquaga. Here his son, David Doolittle, the first 
white child born in the Susquehanna valley, was born in 
1789. Among the settlers who came about this time were John 
and Jacob Springstein, Capt. Nathan Knox, William Moore, Ed- 
ward Kussell. Asa Judd, Nathan Lane, Judge George Harper, 
whose son was shot while passing through the '' beech woods '' 
by one, Treadwell, who was afterwards executed for the crime 
at Montrose, Pa. David Hotchkiss and his sons, Amraphel and 
Cyrus, arrived in 1788 or 1789, settling on land now owned by 
the heirs of the late ^Irs. F. S. Smith, in the south part of the 
village, at the corner of Randolph street. Josiah Stowe was 
also an early settler. 

Mr. Hotchkiss purchased some lands of .\aron Burr for 
$1,000, giving a note due in one year, but Burr had fled to Eu- 
rope and the note was outlawed before it was ever heard of. 
Mr. Hotchkiss asked his sons if he should pay it : they said no, 
but he nevertheless went on and paid the note. 

John Garnsey took a patent of 1,000 acres on the west side 
of the river, this he left to his sons, but it all passed from his 
decendants. Following him was Joel Guernsey who took a tract 



near Lester, where his daughters, Fanny Penelope (deceased) 
and Polly I', resided. Samuel Stow settled in Windsor in 1793, 
and Major Josiah Stowe settled about the same time on the 
Indian Orchard. 

By the year 1894 the river had several settlers scattered 
along its banks and among other things was a large crop of 
pumpkins. The river rose very rapidly in the fall and carried 
away many of these, which gave rise to the expression 'Pumpkin 
Freshet." This season so many of the crops were destroyed that 
it proved a hard winter for the people and many became almost 
destitute. 

Frederick Goodell came and settled above Windsor in 1787. 
Eleven years later he moved to Randolph, (now Flowers) where 
his son, Kev. Ezekiel Goodell, lived so long. S. A. Bell now 
owns this place and has kept a small grocery there. 

Patty Knox, the first white girl, and probably the first white 
child born within the present limits of the town, was born in 
April, 1788. She was the grandmother of J. ;M. Chaffee, and an 
aunt of Mr. George Knox and A. D. Hoadley, of this town. 

Among other early settlers we would mention especially 
Paul Atwell, an old revolutionary soldier, who located on the 
east side of the river; Capt. James Knox, an officer of the revo- 
lution, who came as early as 1787, locating where ex-supervisor 
Milton Knox so long resided ; Stephen Weeks, who settled on 
the Windsor road near the western part of the town ; Leverett 
Russell, who built a mill at Tuscarora; the Springsteins, who 
settled in the northern part of the town; Jonathan Beecher, 
who located on the Randolph road ; Jasper Edwards, who set- 
tled in Tuscarora about 1794. He was a soldier in the revolu- 
tionary war, and many of his decendants still live in that local- 
ity. Roswell Higley, who settled in Higley Hollow. Ezra Bar- 
ton, who located at Bartonville or Edson, around which many 
of his decendants now live. He was grandfather of Adna Bar- 
ton. Leman Mason, another revolutionary soldier, came about 
1800, locating in the north part of the town. Elias Whitmore, 
one of the chief founders of Windsor village, and the father-in- 
law of George Dusenbury, came here at an early date. Elmore 
Russell, a revolutionary veteran, located two miles above the 
village. Eri Kent, Sr., father of Eri and Useba Kent ; Allen 
Andrews, who settled on the Randolph road ; Daniel Blatchley, 
who located in the west of the town ; also John Dusenbury, who 
settled early in the village. 

Having thus mentioned a few prominent early settlers, we 
would call attention to some of the internal improvements. At 
first, as in all other new countries, the cutting and marketing 
of timber was a great industry, and saw mills sprang up all over 
the town. Grist mills soon were in operation, the first one in 
the town being built by Amraphael Hotchkiss in the village, 
and a much better one at Tuscarora built by Nathan Lane. In 
1824 .\mraphael Hotchkiss erected the present Windsor mill, 
containing two runs of stones. At one time a carding mill was 
operated in the (Guernsey mill adjoining the grist mill. 

The Windsor liridge Company was incorporated in 1823, is- 
suing 240 shares of stock at $25.00 per share. Three bridges 
have been built across the river at this place, the last having 
been erected in 1878 at at cost of $20,000. 



6o 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 







H i\ I m^i 



ll 




ui.i ■! 



TRINITY CHURCH, (EPISCOPAL), Cor. MAIN ANDOAK STS., BINQHAMTON, N. Y. 

Church now in process of erectimi ; estimated cost aljout $12^,000. 
Photograph from architect's phin. Rex. J. II. LaRoclie, rector. 



The first orgaiii/at ion of the l{)piscopal ,Societ\ in 1 >iniriianiton \\ as in iSio. Rev- 
Daniel Xash was chairman. This was disolved and a new organization made six years 
h^ter with Hon. Tracy Kohinson as chairman. In iSiS a church was erected, which four 
years later was sold to the Met hodists.and a new church built wliich stood till the present 
stoneestructure on Washington street was built in 1S54. The church could be built at that 
time very chea]) ; it cost only about ^35,000, but at present the chtu-ch property at that 
place i> valued at more than double that amount. 

1 he home ol iheCiood Shepherd, on Conklin avenue, was organized as a second 
church under the directions of I ln' Society of Mercy of Christ Church. Rev. S. D. Day 
is the rector (if the cliurcli of ( looil Sliephev ! ami Ke\. K. (1. C^uennell rector of Christ 
Church. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 




FIRST CONQREQATIONAL CHURCH, FRONT AND HAIN STREETS, BINQHAHTON, N. Y. 



The First Congregational Society was organized in 1S36 by Rev. John Starkweath- 
er. At that time nineteen persons entered in covenant as members. The society grew 
from tlie first so that in about one year the old Academy of Music was used as a church. 
From time to time this building was enlarged and repaired until 1S63, when it was sold. 
A chapel was erected in that year, and the church which was then verv weak again be- 
came prosperous. In 1S69 the present church edifice was erecteil at a cost of nearly 
.S6o,ooo. Anew chapel was built and the church enlarged in 1SS4 at a cost of $25,000. 
Rev. Willard B. Thorp is the present pastor. The trustees are Joseph P. Noyes. J. W. 
Sturtevant, Israel T. Deyo, J. E. Rogers, H. A. Gofl'. J. S. Corbett and W. H. Parsons. 

The Plymouth Congregational Church is located at the corner of Oak and T,vdia 
.streets. Rev. W. H. Kephart is the ]iastor. 



6» 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



The Shaker Community built a large saw mill east of the 
river of which Mr. Levi Shaw is the proprietor, and which em- 
ploys about twenty-five men and furnishes a market for much 
lumber. 

The N. v.. L. K. & W. railroad runs through the south east 
portion of the town, but has no station within the township li m- 
its. The lielaware & Hud.son Canal Co.'s railroad runs up the 
east side of the river, witli stations at A\indsor and P^ast Wind- 
sor. There is a stage line between Windsor and Binghamton, 
passing througli A\est Windsor. 

U'l/icisor is the only village of importance in the town, and 
is situated on the west bank of the Susquelianna river. It con- 
tains nearly 1,000 inhabitants. At first the post-oHice was sit- 
uated at Old Oquaga. The office has recently thro\igh the 
strenuous ellorts of Mr. VanOrsdale become a presidential office. 
Previous to Mr. VanOrsdale. J. S. Chase was postmaster, suc- 
ceeding J. M. Chaffee. Elias Whitniore was instrumental in 
changing the town from Oquaga to Windsor, which happened 
about 1830. At the time of the change there were three stores 
and a blacksmith shop at 0(|uaga. 

In 1831 George Diisenhury opened a store in Windsor which 
is still running, having been in the possession of that family un- 
til recently. .James li. Belden opened a siore soon after and 
continued in business for almiit tliirty years, wlien lils store 
with several others ivas burned. I. .\. Tompkins coiiunenced 
his boot and shoe business uvtr thirty years agt), and it is now 
carried on by his son, Maurice .\. Tompkins. J. M. Chaffee 
commenced a general mercantile business some years later, but 
was burned out. He has since been postmaster and a justice 
of the peace. J. E. Bennett started a general mercantile busi- 
ness in 1863, has been several times burned out, the last time 
during the great fire of 1894. W. L. .ludd commenced a gro- 
cery business about ten years ago and is still doing a thriving 
business. 

The principal manufacturing,' industry is that of whips. Mr. 
A. W. Coburn began the business in 1873, which is now carried 
on by Goodenough & Kandall. They turn out about .$50,(X)<;) 
worth of goods annually. The Comstoek Whip Co. also did a 
large business for several years. The Shaker mill has been 
alluded to. .1. W. Ilider is the proprietor of the grist mill and 
being an e.xpert miller does a thriving business. Mrs. T. S 
Beebe is working up a good trade in llowers, and Ira Flint is 
pushing along a trade in seeds. There ai-e two hotels, a bakery, 
and a newspaper, the S/a in/an/, founded by Charles E. Babcock 
and now owned by W. D. Osgood. Windsor has two lawyers, 
Wm. Wheeler and H. S. Williams; and several physicians in- 
cluding Dr. I. C. Edson who has been a member of assembly for 
two terms, Dr. A. B. Stillson who at the time of his death had a 
large and lucrative practice, and Dr. N. M. Smith who has re- 
cently removed to New York city. 

The Presbyterian church was organized in 1793, and in 1800 
a meeting-house was built. A new church was erected in 1826, 
and in 1840 the church divided, but uniting is now in a prosper- 
ous condition. .Vt the time of the division a new church was 
built which was afterwards sold to the Baptists and is now own- 
ed by the Free Methodists, wlio purchased it for .$1,000. The 



Methodists have a strong society and a commodious church. 
The Episcopal society was organized in 18412 and a church edifice 
erected in 1864 and a parsonage in 1870. 

The old academy was opened in 1836, as a select school, by 
Nathaniel Summer. Later the "old academy" building was 
erected, which has since been replaced by the present brick 
structure, one of the finest school buildings in the state. 

IVesf Jl'iiidsor. or Stillson's Hollow, is in the north-western 
part of the town. A post-office was established here in 1871. A 
grocery was opened by C. A. Rider, who has been the post-mas- 
ter for the greater portion of the time. .\ cheese factory was 
built in 1878 at a cost of $950. This place has two churches, a 
Baptist and a Christian. 

Lester, Randolph Centre, or Gregg's Corners, is west of the 
center of the town. It has two churches and a cheese factory. 
Tills place was first called Gregg's Corners from Alvin ( iregg 
an early settler who lived at the four corners of the roads, 
.loseph Brown was a prominent early settler who lived where 
S. P. Brown now resides. B. H. Larrabee, a prominent citizen 
of the town, resides above the corners. L. M. .ludd is the post- 
master. 

Flowers is two miles south-east ot Lester, and about four 
and one-half miles from Windsor. This place was so named 
from the seed gardens of .1. .1. Bell, which were located at that 
point. ^Ir. Bell now owns upwards of 300 acres here, and sends 
trees and seeds to all parts of the world. The post-office here 
has only been established about ten years, yet it ranked second 
in the county in amount of mail sent out at some seasons of the 
year, previous to the removal of .1. .1. Bell's seed business to the 
city of Binghamton. The office has lately been discontinued. 
-\ union church is located at Flowers. 

Edson, or Bartonville, is two miles south-east of Flowers 
The post-oftice at this place has been established a few years. 
O. S. Barton is the present post-master. There is a Grange hall 
and store here, with over fifty active members of the order re- 
siding in the locality. O. S. Barton is the present Worthy Mas- 
ter. A. B. Barton has a blacksmith and general repair shop, 
and Lewis Stannard owns a cider mill and is a justice of the 
peace. 

East 11 7«r/j-();- is in the north-eastern part of the town and 
is a station on the D. it. II. Ry. The post-office was established 
in 1872. 

Tiiscarora is two miles south of Windsor, and derives its 
name from the Indian tribe of that name. A tannery was at 
one time located here, but there is now little of importance save 
a saw mill and two stores. 

Cascade I 'alley is only a post-office on the line of the Erie 
railroad, in the south-eastern part of the town. 



History of the Town of Sanford. 

Sanford was formed from part of the town of Windsor in 
1S21, and includes all the territory in the county west of the 
towns of Windsor and Colesville Its surface is rugged and 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



<'\'5 




RESIDENCE OF NELSON CRANE, SANFORL), N. Y. 

Pleasantly situated in the fertile valley of the Oquaga creek, about six inik-s fioni Deposit, Mr. 
Crane has a model home. A substantial and commodious house, large and modern staliles and other 
farm buildings, a well-kept lawn, long rows of stately maples providing plenty of shade, and the broad 
acres of well-tilled meadow land, all mark the home of an intelligent and progressive farmer. 

Nelson Crane, one of the most respected and prosperous farmers of Sanford, is the only surviving 
decendant of .Simeon Crane, a veteran of the war of 1812 who came to this county in 1S44, settling on 
the farm now occupied bv the subject of this sketch. Nelson Crane was born in Delaware county rn 
1828. He received a good education in his early life, and fitted himself for a surveyor. Mr. Crane 
is one of the be.-)t known men in the county, having represented his town in the board of supervisors 
for several terms, and held other positions of honor and trust. 



64 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



mountainous and the declivities of most of the hills steep. The 
highest point in the town is some 1,688 feet above the sea level. 
The town is divided by the Oquaga creek, which flows twelve 
miles within its limits. 

The soil is mostly fertile, bat owing to the dillionlty with 
which it is tilled it is better adapted to grazing purposes, and 
dairying forms the chief interest of the town. The hills and 
valleys of the town at the time of its settlement were heavily 
timbered, and for many years the bark and lumber industry 
was vigorously prosecuted, the greater portion being sent down 
the Delaware river in rafts. 

The first settlement in the town was made by William Mc- 
Clure, who came on horseback and settled about live miles west 
of Deposit at what is now called ^McClure Settlement. He 
built a log cabin which he called " Castle William." At one 
time while jMr. IMcClure was engaged in surveying, with no 
companion but his dog, he was stricken with fever and would 
probably have died had it not been for the faithful dog. With 
almost human wisdom the animal went to ''Cookhouse," ( Depos- 
it) and by signs made a trader by the name of Hynback under- 
stand that something vvai wrong. 

Nathan Dean, who was born at Taunton, Mass., in 1755, and 
served as an officer in the revolutionary war, first came to Kort- 
right, Delaware county, in 17i)0. About a year later he embark- 
ed on the Delaware and floating down the river landed at 
"Cookhouse," about half a mile above the present covered 
bridge. Here he built and occupied a log house, but afterwards 
built on the old Dean farm, which contained some -100 acres. 
During their first year at Deposit, he built a saw mill on the 
site now occupied by the Oijuaga mills, in later years by the old 
.John Peters grist mill, afterwards called the Shelden mill, and 
later owned by Whitaker & Austin, and others, and operated by 
the Deposit Milling Co. at the present date. The mill dam at 
this site was partially swept away during the flood of 1814. In 
later years after many of the hills along the Oquaga creek had 
been stripped of their timber, the supply of water began to fail 
during the summer months, and Whitaker & Austin conceived 
a plan of building a dam at the outlet of I'ly pond and using 
the water thus stored as reciuired, but it was not a success. 
With this mill Dean sawed out the lumber for a new liouse, a 
slow and laborious process as the mill had to be "gigged back" 
by hand, nut being rigged to do so by power. Meanwhile Dean 
had also built a barn and other buildings, and had cleared some 
eighty acres of land during the first five years of his life at De' 
posit. 'I'he mill was partially burned in 17it2, but was at once 
repaired and a grist mill built by its side in 1794. In recent 
years the failing water power has been supplemented by steam 
and the saw mill having disap|ieared the present owner do an 
immense business in Hour, feed and grain. 

The first store in the town was opened in 17915 in Nathan 
J lean's house by Denjamin and .leter (iardner, wlm brought 
a stock of eight sleigh loads of goods up the Delaware river on 
the ice from New York city. 

Squire Whitaker came to "Cookhouse" in 1787, and raised a 
family of four sons and three daughters. The first Wliitaker 
home was a very primiiive allair, being make by leaning poles 



against the upturned roots of a tree. In this shanty occurred 
the first wedding in the town. 

Among other early settlers were Jonas Underwood, who 
came to Sanford in 1800 ; Silas Seward, a revolutionary soldier 
who settled on the road to Windsor ; David Hempstead, who lo- 
cated west of Seward ; John Kadeker. who built Dean's mill ; 
Alfred Corwin, who settled at Gulf Summit; Seth Hall, the 
father of the late Joel Hall, who located between McClure Set- 
tlement and Gulf Summit ; James Aplington, who settled at 
Creek Settlement ; John Pinney, locating at Sanford. and Leman 
Philly at North Sanford; Nathaniel Blakesley, who settled just 
west of Deposit ; i\Iajor Gilbert, who located at Hale's Eddy and 
was afterwards a member of assembly. 

The first town meeting was held at the house of William 
McCiure in 1822. Mr. McClure was elected supervisor, Joshua 
Dean town clerk, James P. Aplington. Nathan L. Dean and 
\\'illlam McClure assessors, Nathan L. Dean, Alexander Butler 
and William 3IcClure, Jr., commissioners of highways, John 
Peters and .lames P. Aplington overseers of the poor, AVilliam 
McClure, Nathan Dean and Alexander Butler school commis- 
sioners, Jacob Edick constable and collector, Daniel Evans, Ger- 
shon Loomis and Mivhael Childs inspectors of common schools, 
John Pinney, Eli King and Nathan Austin fence viewers. 

The first school house was built near the present depot at 
Deposit on the Dean farm, in lsl6. Previous to this Hugh 
Compton had opened a select school in Hulce's barn. The town 
was soon well supplied with educational advantages, equal to 
those in any other portion of the state. 

The Deposit Cnion Agricultural Society was organized in 
1877 and held annual fairs until 1895. It was very successful 
throughout its early history. The society embraced six of the 
surrounding towns. 

Deposit is the only place of importance in the town, and 
is situated at the confluence of the Delaware river and the 
Ocjuaga creek, and has a population of about 2,000. In its early 
history Iieposit was called "Cookhouse,'' from an old Indian 
shanty which stood there and was used as a camp first by the 
various Indian fishing parties and later by early white settlers. 
The village was called Deposit from the large (|uantities of lum- 
ber drawn there from the surrounding towns during the winter 
and deposited upon the banks of the Delaware to be sent down 
the river in rafts during the spring freshets. 

The village of Deposit is divided by the county line, the 
eastern part being in the town of Deposit, Delaware county, and 
the western part in Sanford, Broome county. During the early 
years of Deposit the principal portion of the village was in Del- 
aware county, the western end being known as "Deansville." 
On the completion of the N. V., L. K. Oc W. K. K., nearly fifty 
years ago, Deansville began to take the precedence, and at the 
present time the business center is in Broome county. Deposit 
is an important station of the N. V., L. !<;. iV W. Ky., making 
large shipments of butter, milk, live stock and bluestone, an an- 
nual business of about .$200,000 being handled at this station. 

The settlement of Nathan Dean has been alluded to. John 
Ilulce came here in 1789 and Philip Pine and his two song two 
years later. 



I?K()OME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



65 




LEON E. VATET, DEPOSIT, N. Y. 



THE dry goods trade of Deposit ami vicinity seems lo 
center largely at one store, which, from a small be- 
ginning a few years ago. has through the enter- 
prise of one man prospered until it has probably secured 
the largest patronage in it,-- own line of any house be- 
tween Port Jervis and Binghamton. Such growth of a 
single enterprise is so rare, that we give space ta a brief 
sketch of its proprietor. 

Leox E. Vate'i- was born in New "S'ork cit\ Sept. 
13, 1855. Since finishing his education he has deyoted 
his entire life to the dry goods business, at first in Xew 
York city, where he was manager of a large house, and 
later engaging in business for himself at Hancock. \. ^'. 
About four years ago he came to Deposit, and by jiersis- 
tent effort, coupled with honest dealing, sijuare represen- 
tations and low prices, has built up his ])resent thriying 
business. Mr. Vatet is also joint pro])rietor with his 
brother of a large establishment at Muncie. Ind., and this 
enables him to buy in large quantities direct from man- 
ufacturers, doing away with the jobbers" profits, an ad- 
vantage small dealers cannot enjoy. Mr. X'atel and his 



brother purchase annually over $200,000 worth of goods, 
not only buying direct at first cost, but securing a better 
class of goods than would be possible if they purchased 
the job lots discarded by the direct dealer and sold to the 
small retailer. 

When commencing Inisiness at Deposit, Mr. ^'atet 
determined to sell goods on their merits and never to al- 
low misrepresentation. People will always patronize 
i-eliable merchants, while they shun the dealer who in 
any way takes advantage or misrepresents. 

.Mr. \ atet has always been prominent in public af- 
fairs and takes an active interest in all matters [pertain- 
ing to the welfare of the village He is upon all occa- 
sions anil in all places very social and courteous, stand- 
ing iiigh in the respect of his associates. He is a Mason 
of high ilegree, and a prominent member of the Knights 
of Pythias, Knights of Honor, Royal Arcanum and the 
the (Jrangers. He has a very efficient corps of assistants 
in carrying out the details of his business, among whom 
are Mr. H. A. Butler, Mr. Hayes Mosher, Miss Minnie 
Merrill, .Miss Marie Purl ell and Miss Ida Vatet. 



66 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



Other early iHoneers of Deposit were the Burrows brothers, 
William Walker, Benjamin Hawley, Isaac (Tillett, (iideon Wiest, 
Samuel Butler, Thaddeus Benedict, and other, the larger por- 
tion of whom settled in the Delaware county part of Deposit. 

The village was incorporated in ISll, at which time there 
were but twelve houses west of the river. From this time until 
the building of the Erie railroad in 1845 there was but little 
growth or mercantile industry. K solitary store was owned by 
Benjamin and .leter (Tardner. Upon the conapletion of the 
railroad however, a wave of prosperity came to the village, and 
and many new business enterprises sprang up. W. L. Ford and 
.John B Perry formed a partnership and erected a fine store, 
doing a large general mercantile business for many years. A 
sketch of Mr. Ford is given on another page. !^. R. Morehouse 
started a store in 1854. erecting the building now occupied by 
J. B. Studdert. From this time on it would be monotonous to 
mention the many who have been engaged in the different lines 
of mercantile business. We will briefly mention a few leaders. 

Wrkwikk & KussELL. — This firm consists of .Andrew E. 
Wickwire and Matthew C. Russell, and the business is under 
the personal supervision of A. S. Wickwire, ably assisted by Mr. 
James T. McGill. The firm was established in 1867, and by in- 
cessant energy coupled with S(|uare dealing has built up a 
large trade, row occupying a double store from basement to 
garret. They carry a full line of general hardware, stoves, farm- 
ing tools, tin and woodenware, paints and oils, and also do a 
large coal and ice business. The firm not only has but deserves 
the patronage of the surrounding country. Another Hrm in the 
hardware business is A. P. Minor & Son, who own a fine block 
and have an extensive trade. 

L. E. Vatet, proprietor of the popular New York store, is 
an enterprising and successful dry goods merchant. A more 
extended sketch of "Mr. Vatet is given elsewhere. 

Edick i^ Mastin have a fine dry goods store, and do a pros- 
perous business. C. I\I Putnam ct Son and William Loder are 
other dry goods dealers. 

F. L. Weaver occupies the finest store in the village, carry- 
ing a large stock of clothing and boots and shoes. H. .[. .\dams 
handles boots and shoes exclusively ; Barnum A: Tiffany and I,. 
,]. Hallock are the principal grocers. The drug trudo is well 
cared for at the commodious stores of ('. K Krown and S. D. 
Smith. There are several inilliiiery stores, two bakerit'S, res- 
taurants, etc. 0. E. Vail iK: (!o. do a large wholes.-ile and retail 
business in wall ))aper. having al liuii's as many as forty men 
in tl>eir employ. Walter N'ail opened a jewelry store in 1875, 
mid allnough entirely burned out a few years ago, has rebuilt 
and now carries a large and well-selected stock. A. .1. Russell 
also has a jewelry store, and Itobert llrown a large furniture 
and undertaking business. 

De|)osil is essentially a dairying town, and depends almost 
wholly upon the market furnished by the surrounding farming 
country, and in rt-lurii is the shipping point for large <iuantlties 
of butter, cheese arnl milk. In 1894 the New York Condensed 
Milk Oo. located in Dejiosit and built a condensery al a cost of 
about t:2.50,i 11)1), with a capacity of handling lOO.oOl) quarts of 
milk per day. .\ careful census was taken of the dairying In- 



terest within a radius of ten miles, and it was found that near- 
ly 10,000 cows were then being kept which number could easily 
be doubled. It is the intention of the N. Y. Condensed Milk 
Co. to develop this interest to its highest degree, and the future 
prosperity of Deposit will doubtless be greatly enhanced there- 
by. The company's factory at this place is a model of neatness. 
The milk is received, carefully tested and weighed into bright 
copper leservoir.-, from whence it is pijied into the huge mixing 
vats. Here the milk is heated and mixed with a large per cent, 
of sugar, as many as twenty-flve to thirty barrels being used 
daily. From the mixing room the milk is pumped to the big 
vacuum pans where it is condensed to the consistency of thick 
cream. After being cooled to a proper degree, the condensed 
milk is sealed in air-tight tin cans, each holding one pound, 
whicli only needs the addition of the proper amount of water 
to make five cjuarts of rich and pure milk. In another depart- 
ment of the factory fifty employes are kept busy manufactur- 
ing the tin cans, and in another the cans are packed for ship- 
ment to all parts of the world. 

The Deposit ^lanufacturing Co. turn out annually 50,000 
hand-sleds, and give steady eniployment to twenty people. The 
Deposit Iron Co. manufacturers of gray and malleable iron, has 
recently increased its capital stock and doubled the capacity of 
its plant. This concern is under the management of E. P. 
Malpin, and has an annual out-put of from $20,000 to .t25,000 In 
1893, through the elVorts of the Deposit Board of Trade, a bonus 
of $3,000 was raised to secure the location of a pearl button 
factory. The factory was built and put in operation, but has 
done but a light business. J. <^ Clark's steam mill, and sash 
and blind factory, John Keays' cigar manufactory, the l>eposit 
Marble and (iranite Works, and the Oi|uaga Cycle Co. complete 
the list of principal manufactories. 

The Deposit Water Co. was organized in 1884. The village 
had suffered from several disastrous fires, and after much 
agitation this company was organized to provide a system of 
jirofectlon. The first plan was to secure a supply from artesian 
wells, but this was found imjiracticable ; Oquaga Lake was next 
considered and abandoned, and the Hutler brook was finally 
utilized, furnishing a gravtiy system, with a pressure at the 
hydrnutsor75 pounds persi|uaiv inch. 

The Deposit Klectric Light t%) .organized some five years 
ago, furnishes llj;ht for the streets, public buildings, business 
places and many private residences. Ttie Deposit Telephone 
Co. has over one hundred instruments in use on a local circuit. 

Deposit has six churches, all in a prosperous condition. 
The .Methodist church was organized In 1830, and a building 
erected In that year al a {'ost of .$9o0. The present edifice was 
erected In 1872. at an expense of i<15,l)lX). 'I'he church has a 
membership of about 251) and a Sunday-school attendance of 
2ril. l!(!v. Arthur .lamieson is the ]U'esent pastor. The Baptist 
was the first church in Deposit. It was organized in 1812. The 
lirst, deacons were Stephen Stiles and .lames .\plington. In 1826 
a church was built, which was burned in 1852. The second 
building was blown down while undergoing repairs in 1856. The 
following year a third chun'h was built and stood for ten years 
when for a second time the society was made homeless by lire. 



^ 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



6/ 



The present substantial brick editice was erected in 1881 at a 
cost of $10,000. There is a present membership of 376 under the 
care of Rev. 0. L. Percy as pastor. The 8unday-school has KiO 
members; G. C. Valentine is the superintendent. The Presby- 
terian society was formed and the first church built in 1818 ; 
at two periods in its e.xistence it has been under the control of 
the Congregationalists. The present brick edifice was erected 
in 1879. Rev. Or. A. Liggett is the pastor. Christ Church (Epis- 
copal) was organized in 1860 with twenty-nine members. They 
have just completed one of the handsomest stone churches in 
this section of the state. Kev. F. S. Fisher is the present effici- 
ent rector. St. Joseph's Church (Roman Catholic) was estab- 
lished in 1S4S by Father Hourigan of Bingliamton. A church 
was built at a first cost of about $1,500. but recent alterations 
and improvements and the building of a parochial residence has 
brought the value of the church property up to about $7,000. 
The church has about 400 members. Rev. Father W. W. I^ounch 
is in charge of the parish, which also includes the church at 
Kirkwood Centre. The A. M. E. Zion Church has been a great 
help to the colored people of the village. They occupy the old 
Methodist church on lower Front street. 

Three hotels provide accommodations for the public at De- 
posit ; the village has an efficient fire department, consisting 
of two hose companies and a hook and ladder company. 

The Deposit Union Academy provides first-class educational 
f acilites for the village, and ranks high as compared witli many 
other schools. A corps of fourteen teachers is employed and 
the average attendance is nearly 400. Banking facilities are 
furnished by the Deposit National Bank, centrally located in a 
handsome brick block recently erected at a cost of over $20,000. 
C. J. Knapp of Binghamton is president of the bank, and C. P. 
Knapp cashier. Its conservative and sound management has 
made it one of the solidest banks of the state. 

The legal profession is represented by the well known firm 
of More & Scott, which has been recently dissolved ; by Charles 
T. Alverson, the present postmaster, a man whose integrity and 
professional honor has secured many friends; and by Alonzo 
Mulford, who has a large clientage. 

.\mong the physicians are Dr. Oliver T. Hundy, whose father 
was for years the respected family physician of many Deposit 
people. Dr. Bundy is a prominent member of the G. A. R., is 
a coroner of Delaware County, has served several years as pres- 
ident of the village, and is prominent in many societies and in 
the affairs of the village. It was largely through his efforts 
that the handsome soldiers' monument was secured and erect- 
ed. Dr. B. E. Radaker, a decendant of one of the early settlers 
of Deposit, has followed his profession for twenty-five years at 
Deposit. Dr. H. W. Wilcox, although the youngest of Deposit's 
physicians, is rapidly pushing to the front. Dr. .1. W. Elliot is 
another physician, well-known all over the county, and witli a 
large practice. 

Deposit has many prosperous secret societies, among which 
are the F. & A. M., K. of P., I. O. O. F., Red Men, G. A. R. and 
others. It has an aggressive Board of Trade ; a band, organized 
twenty-five years ago, which has secured a high reputation, and 
several other social and business organizations. 



There are five stage routes connecting Deposit with all the 
surrounding towns for which it is the shipping point. 

Two newspapers are published at Deposit ; the Courier and 
the Journal. The Courier was founded in 1848 by M. R. Hulce, 
and is now owned by C, N. Stow. The Journal was started in 
1886 and after having passed through several hands is now 
published by W. L. Hough. 

Soon after the completion of the Erie railroad, Alvin Dever- 
eau.x (1848) located a tannery about one mile below Deposit on 
the west bank of the Delaware river. For nearly forty years 
this establishment gave employment to a large number of men 
and had an annual output of 40,000 sides of leather, or l'0,000 
hides. In recent years since the local supply of bark has been 
exhausted the tannery has been abandoned. Mr. Devereaux 
has been very prominent in public affairs, having served as a 
supervisor, and held other offices. 

McC/urc Sitthment, SO called from its pioneer, William Mc- 
Clure,is a small station on the Erie railroad five miles west of 
Deposit. The post-office was established here in 1865 with 
Charles Hewitt the first post-master. The principal industry of 
the place is an acid and wood alcohol manufactory. V. P. Mace 
is the present post-master and the proprietor of a general store. 
There is one church here, belonging to the Methodists, of which 
Rev. J. H. Taylor is the pastor. 

Gk//' ^wwiM/V is a station on the Erie road in the western 
part of the town, eight miles from Deposit, and on the summit 
between the Delaware and Susquehanna valleys. Here the 
Erie railroad after leaving the Delaware at Deposit and climb- 
ing a heavy grade, passes through a deep cut and decends to 
Susquehanna. The hamlet has two stores, a creamery, a large 
acid factory, and is a shipping point for several stone quarries. 
George S. Williams runs a general store, and is a justice of the 
peace. S E. Hempstead has been post-master since 1894. 

Saiiford, or Creek Settlement, is a small hamlet situated 
in about the center of the township, on the Afton stage route 
seven miles from Deposit. It is a farming community; George 
V. Flagler conducts the only store and is the post-master. 

North Saiiford is located in the north-eastern part of the 
town, ten miles from Deposit, and in the midst of a rich farm- 
ingcountry. It has one thriving general store, owned by Broad 
& Hamlin, two enterprising young men. The Baptist and Meth- 
odist societies each have a pretty church Rev. B, F. Larrabee 
is the efficient pastor of the Methodist church. There are two 
large creameries and cheese factories here. 

Oquaga I.ak<\, a post-office three miles south of Deposit, is a 
popular summer resort. Oquaga Lake is a beautiful sheet of 
water of three hundred acres, wonderfully situated on the top 
of a mountain two thousand feet above the tide water, and 
surrounded by perfect woods of beach, maple and pine, decend- 
ing gently to the indented shore. It is here during the summer 
season, that you may see boats and barges floating silent as 
shadows, and as if suspended in the air so clear the Lake is. 
There are several summer hotels, and many private cottages, 
all well-filled during the summer months with seekers after 
rest and recreation. 



68 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 




OQUAQA LAKE FARH, OQUAGA LAKE, N. Y., E. J.SCOTT, PROP'R. 

Oqjliac;a Lake Eakm IIoisp: is ti\e huiulrc-d feet from Oquaga Lake, 
and two thousand feet abo\e the level of the sea. The nearest depot is De- 
posit, N. \ .. on the X. Y. L. E. & W. R. R. If v<>ii intend speniUnjj the 
sunnnerinthe countr\-, no better phice can be found. Here nature will offer 
you comfort of mind and bodv ; pure water. in\ ij^orating air, cool nights 
no mosquitoes, hay fever nor malaria. Delightful drives about the country, 
fishing tri])s on the Lake or to the Delaware river, two and one-half miles 
distant, well stocked with bass and pickerel, or up and dow n the stream far 
and near, afford plenl\ cit recreation. 




I'he lie\ ier street scIkioI is located (in l^exier street near Chenango 
street. The ilistrict is bounded on t he north and east lj% the city limits; 
(in the south by a line at the intersection of State and Chenango streets, 
said line being continued east to the S., H. & N. Y. railroad, and west to 
tlie Chenango river ; on the w est In tbe Cbenango rixer. Grades ist to 
Jth inclusive. 

rnA( in;i!s 1(11! riiK Vkvh, lS».5-'9t). — Mr. (ieorse K. W'inslow, principal; 
Miss Mnrie I.. Heitzniaiin. Miss Klla M. Bailey, Miss Emily A. Furlong, Miss 
.\nna t5ingener. Miss Florence I. I^ewis, Miss Ida B. Weaver, Miss Cora 
Mcintosh, Mrs. Cora Weistieitner, kiiiderKarliier. 



BEVIER STREET SCHOOL NO. ii. 
BINQHAMTON, N. Y. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



69 




SUSQUEHANNA VALLEY HOME IN iS^s. 



The number i)f children cared for during- tiie two years onilin;^ Ma\ '^i^t. iSij;. is 2y^ ; admitted during the 
time. 164: discharged to parent.s or ijuardians on order of Superintendents of the I'oor. (S2 : removed by Super- 
intendents. 4; ilied, I : taken to other institutions. 1 1 ; jilaced in jirivate homes, jo. 

I'or the se\enteen vears ending Ma\ :^ist, iSi;;, 1510 ciiildren were received and cared for. 69(1 were placed in 
private homes, 435 were returned to parentsor guardian>. i 16 were remo\etl b\ Superiiitcndnits ott in- I'oor. c)o were 
taken to other institutions. i> ran awa\' and 14 ha\e died. 

BoAUii OK Mana(.ei!s.— .r. r. Noye?. presiilent; -F. S. Wells, vice-president; A.C.Matthews, treasurer; ('. .\. Wilkinson, 
secretary ; Dr. J. G. Orton, Robert J. Bates, Wni. H. Stilwell, W. . I. Welsh, Hon. Geo. Sherwood. N. W. Edson, superintendent. 

Board (IP Assistant M wAoKus.—ilrs. C. I». Middlf-brook, president ; Mrs. Geo. -M. Harris and Miss Mary bockwood, vice- 
presidents: Mrs. L. 1>. Farnham, trr-asurer : Mrs 0. C. Kastman. recording secretary ; Mrs. R. K. iTrisvvold, corresponding ecretary 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



•^*^-Xf; v^,^, ,\^rAf ^ 




iiiiiii^ 




CHRIST CHURCH, WASHINGTON STREET, BINQHAMTON, N. Y. 



HISTORY OF 

THE CITY OF BINQHAMTON, N. Y. 



Had the reader been wending his way through the forests 
which at the close of the eighteenth century covered the tract 
of country surrounding the confluence of the Susi|uehanna and 
Chenango rivers, he would have found a road coming down the 
Susquehanna through the massive pines and near the corner of 
Court and Liberty streets a fork, one road running west or 
north of west, and crossing the Chenango below Noyes Island, 
the other following alnaost the present course of Court street 
and crossing at a ferry only a little below the present Court 
street bridge. Another road came down the Chenango, while 
near Port Dickinson the old Catskill road came over the moun- 
tain and joined the river road. .lust below the corner stood the 
old Sawtelle tavern. Below this tavern or opposite the point 
where Prospect hill projects toward the river, was the place 
noted as being the spot where the 1786 Indian treaty was made. 

Imagine yourself coming down on the west side of the 
Chenango; when you reach the opening just north of Pros- 
pect hill, you come upon the village of "Chenango Point" or an- 
cient Binghamton, which at that time consisted of about five 
houses, built in the primitive style of the early settlers. The 
road came through this village and swinging at the foot of Mt. 
Prospect wound its way through the forests to Owego. At the 
south-east point of the hill near the present inn where the road 
branclied for the west, anotlier brancli kept its course down the 
Chenango to meet the roads coming from the east and crossing 
the river, passing these roads, it kept its course around the 
Susquehanna through the dense pine forests and soon joined the 
road which kept along the base of the hill. Such was primitive 
Binghamton long known as Chenango Point ; Great Bend.Owego 
and Newton (Elmira) were of even more importance at this 
date. 

The history of Binghamton at its present site begins with 
the interesting story of the "twin elms." (-Jen. .loshua Whitney 
on his return from a few days' absence, found "the boys" con- 
gregated at Keelex-'s hotel, and he was jisked for the news. The 
(General said : '" I have found that a new bridge is to be built 
across the Susquehanna, and 1 know the exact spot. Now boys, 
you had better stop clearing here, for the town will be built 
where that bridge crosses. They agreed with this opinion, and 
accordingly several embarked the next day in their boats, and 



with their axes, landed near where the east end of Court street 
bridge now is, and commenced chopping. They had moored 
their boat by an elm tree on the east bank of the river. At 
night they discovered that on the opposite bank and directly 
across stood another elm, a counterpart of the first, and it was 
suggested that thes-^ two trees be called the "twin elms." The 
new location had many advantages over the first. It was wholly 
in Bingham's patent, while the old site was divided by the pa- 
tent line. It also afforded much better opportunities for ex- 
pansion, and was on the line of the great thoroughfare between 
Kingston and Elmira. (Ten. Whitney was instrumental in thus 
changing the site of the settlement, as he saw at a glance the 
advantages to be gained. He was also acting as an agent for 
Mr. Bingham, and consequently was anxious to have the settle- 
ment made on the Bingham patent. To accomplish his desire 
he donated considerable land and assisted in moving buildings 
to the new site. 

The oldest house on the new site was a log structure erect- 
ed in 1788 by Nathaniel Delano, who was a blacksmith by trade. 
After Mr. Helano left, his cabin was occupied by a l!ev. Mr. 
Camp. 

Returning to the old village, we find in the cluster of houses 
that lined the ro^d. the tavern of Lewis Keller, the residences 
of t;ol Isaac Sayres a great-uncle of Mr. Keller, who had been a 
captain in the navy (luring the French war; a printing odiee 
and newspaper, conducted by Pariiel ('enzer. who afterwards 
went to the western part of the state and became very promi- 
nent in politics ; two doctors, l''orbes and Bartholomew; a dis- 
tillery, and two merchants. .Fudge McKinney began as a mer- 
chant there. 

Such was the early settlement of "Chenang I'int,'' which 
has seemingly sank into insignilicance in the sight of its great 
child, Binghamton, 

Binghamton i.-; beautifully situated in the charming valleys 
of the Chenango and Sus( I uehanna rivers, and rovers the coun- 
try surrounding their confluence. The city is now linked to- 
gether by five free bridges, and a net-work of electric railroads 
affords quick and ample accommodations for rapid transit from 
one section of the city to another. These bridges vary in length 
from about 3H0 feet required to span the Chenango, to 70i> feet. 



7-2 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



the length of the lower Susquehanna bridge. This beautiful 
valley, said to be one of the prettiest in this country, is environ- 
ed with rugged hills, which add much to its picturesque beauty. 
The primitive uneveness of the citj's site has been to a great 
extent removed during years of grading, as may be seen by the 
present gentle elevation occupied by the county buildings, 
which was once a steep hill where the boys enjoyed the sport of 
coasting, and whicli is said to have been at least twenty-tive 
feet above the present Court street grade. 

The timber in this section was mostly scrub oak and pine. 
The Indians had kept the underbrush down by repeatedly burn- 
ing over tlie land, in order that they might more readily dis- 
cover game at a distance. These frequent fires made the big 
boulders very conspicuous, and their whitened surfaces were by 
far the most prominent objects to be seen, wliile a few wild 
roses and a few other flowers aided in breaking the monotony. 
It was not long however before the ax of the settler had chang- 
ed the scene, and even before the city had been thought of fifty 
acres or more had been cleared. The year 1800 witnessed the 
birth of a city. Surveys were made and lots laid out; a forest 
was to be changed into a city ; the rumbling wheels of com- 
merce were to sound where the Indian had lain in wait for the 
deer, and the nightly howl of the wolf had been so often heard. 
Such is progress. The massive mercantile houses and the pal 
atial residences are but an onward step from the hunting 
ground in progressive America. We rear cities on our western 
plains in as it were a day. Binghamton is not like these, of a 
mushroom growth, but has had a healthy, vigorous and rapid 
rise, from a solid business foundation, which means that she 
will go still higher, that she will penetrate new fields in the 
manufacturing and commercial world, and that within her en- 
larging limits the workingnian may rear for himself a home and 
be no longer a tenant. Such true progress can only come where 
factories can be favorably located, and the laborer receive a 
liberal recompense for his labor. 

The early city consisted of two streets. Court and Water. 
The lots were laid out containing three fourths of an acre, and 
were sold at an average price of about .tL'O each. Mr .John (4. 
Christopher was the first to secure a lot and build a house; 
this was erected in the autumn of ISOO. .Judge McKinney fol- 
lowed hitn hy putting up a store on Water street, where he 
took as a partner. Gen. Whitney. McKinney also built a grain 
warehouse, but very little grain was raised to sell by the set- 
tlers. The valuable pine was still standing iit tliat time. Gen. 
Whitney soon erected a residence, and Lewis Keller moved his 
tavern down from Chenango Point, The lawyers, .lames and 
halthazar Dellart, came during the same year, ( 1801.) The en- 
terprising blacksmith, .lolin ^'arrington, came and also built a 
house and shop. Mason Whiting bought a lot the same year on 
Water street ; he was afterwards noted as a very able lawyer, 
.fohn Townley, a practical carpenter, also settled on Water 
street during this same year. 

The next year (1802) brought Daniel l^eKoy, an eminent 
lawyer, who located on Court street. It will be noticed that at 
this early period Binghamton had a larger percentage of law- 
yers than at present, although as will be noticed under the head 



of "Broome (Jounty Bar," she is well supplied in this direction 
at present The courthouse, built in 1802, has already been al- 
luded to. 

( )ne of the earliest manufactories was a pottery, establish- 
ed in 1802. by a Mr. Pratt. The same year a tailor named Wild- 
man came into the place and followed his trade for a number 
of years. Selah Squires started as a hatter two years later. 
Samuel Smith, a tanner, was another early settler, .\bout the 
year 1804 Zenas Pratt built a cabinet shop, and H. T. Shipman 
a painter and carpenter, settled here. These are a few of tha 
early settlers who followed some special trade. 

Other prominent settlers were Judge William Stuart, who 
came in 1803; Thomas Whitney in the same year; William 
Woodruff, who came about the same time and became county 
clerk and sheriff in later years ; Hon William Seymour, who 
came in 1803; Dr. Elihu Ely. in 1805; Christopher Eldredge, in 
1806; Hon. .lohn .\. Collier, who came about 1809 and became 
so prominent in the county's history ; Col. Oliver Ely and Dr. 
Tracy Robinson, who followed Mr Collier ; Col. .Joseph Abbott ; 
Maj. Augustus -Morgan; Hon Thomas <t. Waterman; Ammi 
and .1. T. Doubleday, who followed two or three years later; 
Gen. .Tubus Page who came in 1814; Hon. Hamilton Collier, in 
1822; Hon. Daniel S. Dickinson and Lewis Seymour in 1832; 
Peter Robinson, who came in 1815 as an usher in a select school, 
afterwards studied law with Thomas O. Waterman, was elected 
to the assembly and served as speaker of that body 

Another settlement sprang up. called Millville, at what is 
now the foot of Carroll street. This amounted to but little pre- 
vious to 1842, when Eli Pratt and Luke Doolittle commenced a 
milling business there. 

Some of the prominent business enterprises and merchants of 
an early date were: The old Broome County Bank, of which 
Myron Merrill was the first president. .lames McKinney and 
Mr. Powell, who commenced as merchants in 1808. Dr. Elihu 
Kly, who opened a drug store as early as 1805, opening a gener- 
al store and real estate office soon after. Crosby & Blanchard, 
who had engaged in a general mercantile business for a short 
time previous to this. .lames and .Tohn Park commenced their 
moreantile career in 1806, and were located on the north-west 
corner of Court and Chenango streets The same year Daniel 
Ely and (Jhristopher Eldredge formed a partnershiji and started 
in business. Col. Oliver Ely was one of the most prominent 
merchants from 1810 to 1850. Dr. Tracy Robinson began a drug 
business in 1810. and two years later took into partnership Dr. 
Doubleday. (ien. Page and Richard Mather engaged in business 
about 1823, Brown & Bragg opened a large business in 1836. 
William Pratt was the first to open a general hardware store, 
the firm in later years becoming Pratt & Simpson. Thompson 
A Hawley began business in 1818. continuing about six years. 
Lewis Seymour, .lohn and .lames McKinney formed a partnership 
in 1831. Mr. Seymour was the father of Lewis Seymour, Kaq., 
and met his death by drowning in the (!henango river. 

(Jharles McKinney was born in Binghamton in 1810, and was 
a very prominent citizen. He engaged in the coal and carriage 
business and afterwards forming a partnership with Sherman 
D. Phelps, controlled all the coal passing over the D., L. & W. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



73 



railroad going to Syracuse, and later, becoming associated with 
H. C. Albright, they handled all the D. & H. coal shipped over 
the roads running north, .\fter the death of .Judge Phelps, the 
the two firms were merged into one. Phelps will be remember- 
ed as being mayor of the city for one term. 

Charles Sanford and Levi Dimmiek commenced mercaiiiile 
business in 1828, later engaging in the real estate bu>iness. 

Binghamton was incorporated as a village in 1S34 The 
boundaries were at that time fixed and the city dividt-d into 
five wards. The first ward included all the territory west of the 
Chenango river; the second included all east of the Chenango, 
south of the center of Court and west of the center of Collier 
street; the third ward included all north of Court street, east 
of the Chenango river and west of Chenango street ; the fourth 
ward was made up of the portion of the village east of Chenan- 
go street and north of Court ; the fifth ward included all the 
balance of the city. In pursuance of an act, the inhabitants of 
the village met in 1834, in their respective wards, and chose the 
following trustees: 1st ward, Samuel Peterson; 2nd. Gteorge 
Park ; 3rd, Stephen Weed ; 4th, William Seymour ; 5th, William 
B. Doubleday. These trustees were to form a board for govern- 
ing the village in everything appertaining to its peace, safety 
and improvement. At the first meeting of this board, the fol- 
lowing officers of the village were chosen : 

President, — Daniel S Dickinson. 

Clerk, — Erasmus D. Robinson. 

Attorney, — .Toseph H. Bosworth. 

Treasurer, — .Tulius Paige. 

Police Constable and Collector, — Joseph Bartlett. 

A warden was appointed for each ward as follows : 1st ward, 
Myron Merrill ; 2nd, George T. Ray ; 3rd, Levi Dimmiek; 4th, 
Gary Murdock; 5th, Isaac Leavenworth. At the same meeting 
a committee to draft resolutions for internal regulations was 
appointed. A resolution was also passed establishing two fire 
companies. The regulations passed at this time were amended 
at different times. In 1837 llie part relating to highways and 
streets was materially changed, and in 1851 other changes were 
made. 

Passing from this early history and tracing the development 
of the city, we find its history to be largely embodied in that of 
its public men, the manufacturing and business interests, the 
schools, churches and societies, hence we shall endeavor to treat 
these subjects in rotation. 

o 

PUBLIC SCHOOLS. 

A passing reference has been made to the Binghamton 
High School, (page 51) and to the Bevier Street School, (page 
68.) 

The Riverside Seminary was established in 1848 by a Miss 
Ingails, who successfully conducted it for some twenty years as 
a boarding school for girls . In 1857 Miss Barton opened a sem- 
inary for young ladies in the Doubleday block on Hawley street 
which she maintained for about thirteen years. In 1861 Miss 
Susan Cook, an accomplished lady who was afterwards in the 
Parker Collegiate Institute, opened a school for young ladies 



at the corner of Court and Liberty streets. 

The Binghamton Female Academy was openrd in 1842. A. 
J. Wilson was the first principal and Mrs. Wilson had charge 
of the female department. The Academy building was a three- 
story brick edifice, with a basement fitted upas a residence for 
the principal. The building stood on the site now occupied by 
the county clerk's othce, and stood until 1867, having passed 
into the control of the Board of Education in 1861. The last 
principal was Prof. Rodman Lewis. The Susquehanna Semina- 
ry was establislied in 1854 by the Wyoming Conference of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. It is an imposing brick structure 
four stories high, and 161 feet long, situated on an eminence in 
the western part of the city overlooking the surrounding coun- 
try. The school became bankrupt after seven years, and the 
building stood vacant until 1867, when it was fitted up as an 
asylum for the blind, for which, however, it was never used. A 
Mr. Place conceived the idea of establishing an institution to 
be called Place College, but it was only an orphans' home. In 
1871 it was transferred to the Griffith Mission. The seminary 
building was purchased in 1872 by Dean Smith, who start- 
ed a college for young ladies, calling it Dean College. Mr. 
Smith was the principal, and labored hard to maintain his school 
in opposition to the public schools, but failed. He died in 1877, 
heavily involved, and his son-in-law. Rev. R. A. Patterson, took 
charge of the institution, managing it until 1880, when it was 
closed and soon became the property of the Catholics as St. 
Mary's Orphan Asylum, which is aided by the state. In the 
seventies Miss Lillian Craige opened the Binghamton Institute, 
located on Myrtle avenue, which she carried on successfully for 
several years. 

The system of minor graded schools was created by an act 
of the legislature in 1861, and in compliance with that act a 
Board of Education was elected, consistingof the following gen- 
tlemen : Hon. D.S.Dickinson, Judge F. B. Loomis, .fudge 
Horace S. Griswold, William Sprague, H. E. Pratt, W. S. Baird, 
Joel Fuller and Myron Merrill. Hon. Daniel S. Dickinson was 
the first president of the board, and Prof. Cruttenden the first 
superintendent. The school buildings were all brick, with the 
exception of those at Millville and Brighamville, which were 
wooden structures. In September, 1861, 850 pupils were in at- 
tendance ; in 1870, there were 2,097 pupils; in 1880 the number 
had increased to 3,000, and at the present time there are 6,414, 
with an average daily attendance of over 5,000. From 1861 to 
1881 the total expense of maintaining the public schools of the 
city was .f 731. 276.42, of which ifl31,00O was received from the 
state, and the balance raised by tax. During this period Bing- 
hamton ranked as the third city in the United States in the av- 
erage attendance out of the total number of children of school 
age. 

The following is a list of the Superintendents of Public In- 
struction in the city since the institution of the graded system: 

David H. Cruttenden, 1861-64. 

H. T. Funnell, 1865-66. 

George T.Jackson, 1867. 

Norman F. Wright, 1868-69. 



74 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



George L. Faniham, 1870-75. 

R. B. Clark, 1876. 

(). B. Bruce, 1877. 

M. L. Hawley, 1878-80. 

.T. H . Hoose , 1881. 

M. W. Scott, (present incumbent) 1882- 

The present graded public school system of the city is under 
the management of a Board of Education consisting of thirteen 
members, and the mayor, ex-officio. The members of the board 
for 1895-96 are : Mayor George E. Green ; president, Julius E. 
Rogers ; superintendent and secretary, Marcus W. Scott; Dr. 
Alfred J. Inloes, William G. Trowbridge, Albert H. Bixby, C. 
W. Smith, Robert V. Bogart, Walter I. Mosher, Homer B. Boss, 
Theodore B. Schenck, William M. iShapley, William H. Cannon, 
Dr. D. P. Bailey and Charles .7. Cook. There are fourteen pri- 
mary schools, one grammar and one high school. During the 
last fiscal year the sum of :|;110,992.64 was expended for school 
purposes. The full course of instruction includes a series of 
twelve " grades," the first, second and third are in the prima- 
ry department, the fourth, fltth and sixth are in the interme- 
diate, the seventh and eighth in the grammar, and the ninth, 
tenth, eleventh and twelfth in the high school where scholars 
are fitted to enter any of the leading colleges or universities of 
the United States. 

The High School building, located on Main street, (see page 
51) was built in 1871 at an expense of .$100,000, and is not sur- 
passed by any one of its class in the state outside the city of New 
York. The number of pupils registered in 1895 was 510, with 
a faculty of sixteen teachers, under the charge of Principal 
Albert Leonard. $12,559.75 was paid for teachers, and .$8,331.42 
for other purposes, a total of $16,991.27. 

The Grammar School is located in a substantial brick build- 
ing on Washington street, erected in 1880. The school has live 
teachers. Miss Nellie ,T. Allen, principal. The amount paid to 
teachers last year was $2,580; miscellaneous expenses, $945.20; 
a total of $3,525 20. There were 178 pupils registered with an 
average daily attendance of 149. In this building is located 
the city School Library. This library was established in 1861 
and is free to all residents of the city. It contains nearly 10,- 
000 volumes, and is largely used by the public. 

School No. 1 is on Oak street. Sixteen teachers are em- 
ployed at a cost last year of $0751.88, and a total exjjense of 
$7,747.32. The number of pu|)ils registered was 792; principal. 
Miss Fanny A. Morey. 

School No. 2 is located in the Grammer School building on 
Washington street It has a corps of five teachers, who were 
paid last year $1,94(1.1.'!. The number of pupils registered was 
221. Miss l;\illi K (Uiamberlin is ;principal. 

S(.-hool No. 3, located on the south side of Robinson street , 
is one of the large,*t schools in the city. It has a stall' of four- 
teen teachers, with Mr. M. L. Fowler as principal. The total 
expense of the school for 1895 was $7,531.32, of whicli $0,llO..5o 
was paid to teachers. Number registered was 657. 

School No. 1 is located on Pine street. It has thirteen 
teachers, who received last year $5,93(i 25. The luiniber register- 
ed was 575; principal, Mr. IC. <1. 1. ant man. 



School No. 5 is located on Carroll street, has tliirteen teach- 
ers at a cost of $5,969.43, and a total expense of $7,098 93, Num- 
ber registered 557 ; principal, Mr. Herbert .7. Jones. 

School No. 6, located on New street, has 636 pupils register- 
ed. Fifteen teachers are employed with Miss R. A Eldredge 
principal. Amount paid to teachers last year, .$5,97S.,30 ; total 
expense, $7,015.87. 

School No. 7 is located on Alfred street. It paid last year 
to ten teachers, $4,348 93, and a total of $5,296.39. It registered 
380 pupils ; Miss Emma J Gaffney is the principal. 

School No. 8, located on Helen street, had 85 pupils regis- 
tered. Miss Ella Eldredge is principal, .\mount paid to teach- 
ers, $720; total expense, $1,153.58, 

School No. 9, located on Clinton street, has 226 pupils regis- 
tered. It has five teachers, Miss Ella Follett, principal. Paid 
to teachers, $2,202; total expense, $2,837 89, 




y^ 



,-:cH0OL NO. 10, L.VUREL .WENUE. 



School No. 10 is located on Laurel avenue, has -546 pupils 
registered. It paid to their teachers last year, $6,120.75 ; total 
expense, $6.676. '23, Mr. C. F. Norton is the principal. 

School No, 11 is located on Beveir street (see page 68). 
It has nine teachers who received last year $4,110.20; total ex- 
pense, $5,187 51. Number of pupils registed, 414 ; principal, Mr. 
George K. Winslow. 

School No. 12 is located nt Fairview. It has six teachers. 
Miss Nettie \', Clark, principal. Number of pupils registered, 
"238; amount imid to leiichers. $I,KIH); total expense, $5,908 31. 

School No. \.i is at Uossville. Number of teachers, two ; 
number of pupils registered, 86; amount paid to teachers, $700; 
total expense, $897.73. 

School No. 14 is located on .lervis street. It has nine 
teacliers, wlio were last year paid $8,073.-50: with total expense 
of $17,020.78, wliich included $10,883 for a new building, :\Irs. 
Sarah K. Burrows is the principal : number of [lupils registered 

:m). 



-^ 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



75 



A SKETCH OF THE FOUNDER OF THE 

Riley Business College, 



BINGHAMTON. N. Y. 



[From the •• Bioj^raphical Review uf Hroome L I'unty.'J 

J. F. Rilev, A. M., who occupies a foremost position MiiKini;- the 
educators of the citv of Bing-hainton, N. Y., is the founder and 
principal of the Riley Business College, located on State street — 
ail institution in u'/iic/i the most practical commercial training- 
and comf'lrtc education in stcno^rapli v . t\pe-:iitii(i;. and a 
'lioroKs:!' Etigtish course can be obtained. 

]. F. Rilev was born at Owego, N. Y., September 7. 1S60. Sn 
much stress is laid at present on the subject of lineage that a brief 
historical sketch of this family will he interesting to onr reader.s. 

His great-great-grandfather. Daniel na\i.s. was a captain in the 
English army, and was sent 
to Ireland with his regiment 
to assist in quelling the Re- 
bellion of 1798. and being 
pleased with the country he 
sold his commission and set- 
tle 1 on an estate near Bally- 
;u;igoovrn, where he resided 
until his death. His family 
consisted of two daughters 
and a son, the latter of a del- 
icate constitution. But de- 
spite his delicacy, the son 
Edward, lived to a good old 
age. and left a large family 
of sons and daughters. One 
of these daughters married 
William Taylor, who owned 
an estate in the vicinity, and 
from this union was born 
Marv I'aylor, who became 
the grandmother of the sub- 
ject of this sketch. 

The Davis and Taylor fam- 
ilies were all loyal subjects 
of England, the men of the 
former name serving with 
distinction under Wellington 
at Waterhxj. and the grand- 
father Taylor being an offi- 
cial of the crown for several 
years in Ireland. They were 
highlv respected and classed 
among the best people in 
England and Ireland. The 
great - great-g r a n d f a t h e r 
O'Reillv was an ardent pat- 
riot of "the Irish cause, and 
in the Rebellion of 1798 was 
opposed in combat to the 
very officer whose grand- 
daughter afterwards eloped 
with his grandson. James 
O'Reilly. 

Patrick Riley was born in 
Ireland and came to America 
while a young man. He was 
superintendent of construc- 
tion on the Erie railway and 
resided in Owego, N. Y. 

Professor Riley received his early education in the district 
schools and at the old Owego academy. .\t the death of his father, 
although then quite voung, he started out for himself, first learning 
stenography at the Wyckoff Institution at Ithaca. N. Y. He soon 
became an adept in this art, and secured a position as official 
stenographer of the A., T. & S. F. Ry. He was sent west with the 
construction corps, his headquarters being at the different jilaces 
where the department was stationed. Ever an.xious for a 
higher education, he availed himself of the facilities aflforded by the 
colleges of those places. Thus while at Emporia. Kas.. he studietl 
at the normal school; when in Las \'egas, X. M., attended the Jes- 
uit College; at Santa Fe, the School of the Christian Brothers; 
and finallv, at the College of Mines, City of Mexico, was gradu- 
ated and received his degree of A. M. 

In iSSo Professor Riley returned east and accepted a position in 
a Binghamton business college, .\fter several months service as a 




J. F. RILEY, A. 

work fc) 
This 



teacher, he was called to the famous Jesuit College of St. John's at 
Fordham, X. Y., where he was four years principal of the commer- 
cial department and teacher of stenography. His sujierior talent 
and ability attracted the attention of not only the professors of the 
institution, but also of the bisho]) and reverend clergymen of New 
York city ; and he counts to-day among his warmest friends the 
leading men of his church in that city. In 1886 he once more re- 
turned to Binghamton and opened the business college which bears 
his name. His first location was at Xo. 76 Court street, but re- 
quiring more room he removed to the McXamara block, and after 
a short time there he estalilished himself in the elegant rooms in 
the Westcott block on State street, where he occupies five thous- 
and square feet of space, and has one of the best fitted commercial 
colleges in any ])art of the country. .Ml the modern conveniences 
of steam heat, electric lights., elevatm-, good light and ventilation 
can be found here. Believing with Pope that 

"A little luiiniilig is u dniiperous tiling; 
Drink deep, or tusle iKtt the Pierian spring."' 

the Professor allows no jju- 
pil to leave his college with a 
superficial knowledge of his 
dilferent branches. What 
they learn they must know 
thoroughly and well or they 
get no certificate to aid in 
securing positions. He gives 
personal attention to all his 
classes, employing only such 
assistants as are absolutely 
necessary and whom he con- 
sitlers competent to give in- 
struction. The majority of 
his graduates are natives of 
Binghamton, though he has 
hundreds of pupils from oth- 
er places. The Xew York 
State and .Xational Civil Ser- 
vice Commissions consider 
Professor Riley a model 
teacher, his scholars having 
passed every e.vamination 
they have ever entered. In 
the different departments at 
Washington, in the New 
York State Civil Service, in 
Xew York city and Chicago 
and other cities, the pupils 
of the Riley Business College 
are to be found, and they 
point xvith pride to the thor- 
ough teaching there as the 
secret of the success they have 
met in their diff'ercut posi- 
tions. The typewriting de- 
partment of the college has 
nineteen standard machines, 
which the students keej) in 
constant use from 8 a. m. to 
9 p. m. A great deal of work 
is done for outside parties in 
the city and county, and for 
all this the student receives 
full compensation. In 1892 
they wrote over ioo,t)00 let- 
ters for the Binghamton 
Wagon Co., besides doing a 
vast anxumt of stenographic 

■xceptiou to the iin-tvorthy con- 
cerns -i^'hich are a blot and a shado-v upon the field of commercial 
i nstrncliou. drserr'es to be commended for its genuine merit, trust- 
-.'orthinrss. tuitl its superiority as a high-grade institution of 
Iearni7ig, 

Pr(jfessor Riley was married on October 15, 1S87, to Miss Minnie 
I!. Olds, of Bingamton. and one child, a son, has been born to them. 
Professor Riley has acted in the capacity of assistant examiner for 
the Civil ,Ser\ ice Commission at various times. .\s a finished pen- 
man he has no superior — a fact which is admitted l)y all the busi- 
ness men of his city. In his large school each pupil finds him a 
personal friend as well as a teacher; and he evidences a father's in- 
terest in securing for them the liest i)ossible positions which does 
not end there, hut also looks after their welfare even when they are 
beyond his care. Kind hearted, courteous and agreeable. Profes- 
sor Riley is a thorough gentleman of the genuine type. 



r man\- 
oihge 



bU! 

zvh, 



ini'ss lii'uis. 

ch is a nuirked 



76 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



The Lowell Business College. 



TIILS institution has been identified with the history 
of Binghamton since the year 1^59, at which time 
it was established by Daniel W. Lowell, from whom it 
takes its name. At the time mentioned Binghamton 
was a mere village, and a Business College was counted 
a considerable addition to the business interests of the 
town. But if it had been announced at the time that it 
was to grow into one of the best patronized and widely 
known school of the kind in the state ; that it was to be- 
come almost as prominent a feature of tiie city as its sur- 
rounding hills, the idea would have been counted chimer- 
ical. The growth of the school was steady from the 



tail ami Commission business, etc., in which the pupils 
transact their business precisely as in the larger commer- 
cial world. In fact a training in this department is 
e(_|ui\alent to an apprenticeship in all these lines of busi- 
ness, with the additional advantage of a positive knowl- 
edge that the forms and methods are of the best. 

^'oung men whose experience in business has been 
gained solely in the "L. B. G." have in hundreds of in- 
stances taken responsible positions which they have filled 
with honor to themselves and credit to the institution. 

Its stenography department is now an important 
feature of the school. Graham's Standard Phonography 
is taught by skilled instructors, and the department is 
well ecpiipped with the best make of typewriters and 
everything necessary to produce competent stenographers 
and typewriters. Legal work of every variety, business 




start, and after the war, had at one time upwards of 400 
young men from different parts of this and surrounding 
states in attendance. Its course, at that time considered 
a thorough one, has been strengthened ; new departments 
added, and the standard of the school as a business edu- 
cator has been advanced, until now it is counted one of 
the most thorough and effective schools of its class. 

The school has been under the management of the 
present principal and proprietor, J. E. Bloomer, for about 
fourteen years, and to his untiring efforts and ability as 
an instructor much of the fine prestige of the school is 
now due. 

The Business Department ol the school has many 
features peculiar to the Lowell Business College, among 
them the method of presenting business dealings to the 
student which is ])recisely the same form as is used in 
actual business life. The department contains a Bank, a 
Wholesale Office, Real Estate OlVice, Freight Otlice. Re- 



correspoiiilence as applied to every line of business, busi- 
ness forms ami office work is presented to the pupils and 
a graduate of the stenography department of the Lowell 
College is taken without question as well-fitted for auy 
kind of stenographic work. 

The Telegraphy department is in charge of a com- 
petent telegrapher, whose experience in railroad and 
commercial telegraphy was gained by actual experience 
on many of the important telegraph lines in this and 
other stales. 

Uusiness, Shorthand and Telegraphy make a strong 
combination for anv school, and when they are conduct- 
ed in the manner which has made this school famous are 
sure to bring the voung men and women who have ad- 
vantage of such a coiu-e ii( training, a successful career 
in business life. 



BROOME COU^'T^' ILLUSTRATED. 



77 



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NORTH PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, CHENANGO ST., BINOHAMTON, N. Y. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



CHURCHES. 

Binghamton has over thirty churches in which services are 
conducted. Sketches have already been n ade of several of 
these under the photographs of the same. 

Methodist — The Centenary Methodist Episcopal Church 
is situated at the corner of Court and Centenary street. The 
society vpas formed in 1817 by Rev. Ebenezer Doolittle, and 
consisted of a class of five members vpith .Joseph Manning as 
class leader. Services were first held at Mr. Manning's house, 
on Main street, and aferwards at the school house and at the 
court house until 1822 when the chapel bought of the Episco- 
pal society was removed to the site presented through (Teneral 
Whitney. Binghamton became a separate charge in 1832, pre- 
vious to which it was a station on a circuit charge. 

In 1851 the Second society was formed, an offshoot from 
the Henry street church. They had their place of worship on 
the north-west corner of Court and Carroll streets. This church 
was built by dissenters from the church who called themselves 
Protestant Methodists, but the new church did not thrive. The 
building was repaired and used by the society until ISHS, when 
the two churches were consolidated. \t this time there were 
399 members and Rev. D. W. Bristol, 1). U., was the pastor. 
The society soon took measures to provide a suitable home and 
in 1866 the corner stnne of the Centenary church was laid. The 
building was completed within two years, at a cost of about 
$65,000. and later a parsonage was built, costing $7,000. Rev. .1. 
H. Race is the present pastor ; salary, including house rent 
$2,200. 

The Tabernacle M. E. church is located on the corner of 
Main and Arthur streets. The church edifice is valued at $65,- 
000, and the parsonage at ,$4,000. Rev. E. B. Olmstead is the 
present pastor, who is paid a salary of $2,200. 

High Street M' E. church is situated on Conklin avenue at 
the foot of High street. Rev. Truman F. Hall is the pastor; 
salary, including house rent, $1,440. 

Chenango Street M. E. church is situated on North Chenan- 
go street. The church and parsonage is valued at about $5,000. 
The church has a membership of some 4.50; Rev. ,T. A. Faulkner 
is the pastor ; salary, including house rent, $1,180. 

Clinton Street i\I. E. church is valued at $4,000, Rev. J, W, 
Nicholson is the present pastor ; salary, including rent, $944. 

OakStreet :\I. E. church is valued at .$3,500. Rev. W. K. 
Turner is pastor, salary, including house rent, $821. 

Bai'tist CiruHcnEs. — The Baptist society was founded in 
1827 by ,lohn Congdon, and was re-organized in 1820. In 1831 
a new church edifice was erected. The first rental of pews oc- 
curred in 1K42, and from this tiine on the church was enlarged 
and repaired until the brick structure was erected in 1S70. un- 
der the leadership of Rev. Lyman Wright, (See illustration of 
church and additional statistics on page 42.) Other IJaptist 
churches in the city are; 

Conklin Avenue, a pretty structure located at the corner of 
Conklin avenue and Homer street Rev. Charles C. Mansfield 
is pastor ; trustees, C. H. Lacy, Amasa Mann, Frank Church, 
Melville Lawrence, Walter Mosher,. I. W. Lacy, Walter Camp- 
bell, Charles Bolt and W. I'. Howard. 



Memorial Baptist church, located at the corner of Main and 
Chestnut streets; Rev, Frank H, Cooper, pastor. The trustees 
are; Theo. A, White, A. H. Thompson, R. W. Bowen, W. F. 
Hulce. Charles Speh and W. S. Hotchkins. 

Calvary Baptist church, at corner of Chenango and Trues- 
dell streets. Rev. Stephen Hancock, pastor; trustees, C E. 
Scudder, S. W. (iuernsey, E. P. Merrill, W, A. Hamlin. R. Wes- 
tervelt and E, A, (Toodrich. 

Park Avenue Baptist church, Rev. F. .1. .Johnson, pastor; 
trustees, A, B, Corby. Charles Bliss, S, J. Piatt, M, T, Dewitt, A, 
.J. Self and P. Conners. 

Cn.v(iRi:(;.\TioNAi, — The First Congregational church was 
organized by Rev. .John Starkweather in the old court house in 
1836, with nineteen members. In 1837 they removed to the old 
academy of music, dedicating and occupying that building un- 
til 1853, when it was sold and the proceeds used to pay the debts 
of the society. The church barely survived, but hung resolute- 
ly together, holding meetings in the upper room of .Job Cong- 
don's marble shop. In 1863 the society erected a building on 
the site of their present church, holding meetings in Firemen's 
Hall during the process of construction. In 1869 the present 
edifice was built at a cost of .$57,000. Since that date several 
changes and additions have been made, and a chapel built in 
1884, costing $25,000, and the church property is now valued at 
about $80,000, liev. Willard Thorp is the present pastor. 

Plymouth Congregational church is located at the corner of 
Oak and Lydia streets; 1-tev. \V. H. Kephart is the pastor; the 
trustees are, H. Rorapaugh, .1. W. Cary, .Jesse Hillis, E. H. 
Sweet, Charles (Tregory. Robert Heroy and W. W. Hinds. 

Presbyterhn. — The North Presbyterian church was or- 
ganized in 1869. There had been a growing demand for more 
accomodations in the First Presbyterian church, and the north 
side field was selected for a new church. Fifty persons entered 
into fellowship of whom forty-one came from the First Presby- 
terian. Rev, C, P, Coit was the first pastor and his salary was 
$1,400, he was succeeded in 1875 by the present pastor. Rev, John 
McVey, 

The First Presbyterian church is a beautiful edifice situated 
on Chenango street near the centre of the city. It has recently 
undergone extensive repairs, Dr, Boardman was the well- 
known pastor of the church when the North Presbyterian society 
was formed. Rev, G, Parsons Nichols is the present pastor, 
and Rev, .J, McJjachlan assistant pastor, 

W^est Presbyterian church is an offshoot of the First church 
and was organized in 1873 with 65 members. The beautiful 
brick church was completed in 1873 and cost about $18,000. Rev. 
Samuel Dunham has served this church as pastor since its 
organization. 

The Ross Memorial church is located on Corbett avenue; 
Rev. 1>. N. lirummon is the pastor; trustees. Ira B. Webster, ti. 
N. Arnold and Andrew J. Smith. 

Other Presbyterian churches are: Immanuel Chapel on 
Chenango street. Rev. .1. McLachan, pastor ; Broad Avenue, Rev. 
Frederick Perkins, pastor ; and I'loral Avenue, Rev, R, C, Bry- 
ant, pastor. 

Ei'isroi'At,. — Christ Church, to which reference has been 



1 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



made on page 70, and the new Trinity Church, on page 60. are 
prosperous churches and their handsome edifices are the pride 
of the city. 

Catholic. — St. Patrick's Church, (see page 43.) In 1S35 a 
Catholic family settled in Binghamton. Rev. Dr. Hurley had 
visited the place the year before to perform a marriage cere- 
mony. Rev. Mr. Wainright preached here in 183.5, snd several 
influential families of the city assisted the Catholics in build- 
ing their first church soon after, at a cost of about $1,000. Kev. 
Father .Tames F. Ilourigan labored for many years with this 
church very successfully, and the church prospered under his 
care. The present edifice was built on LeKoy street at a cost of 
$170,000. St. .Joseph's Academy, which stands near by. has also 
been built at a cost of .ttiO.OOO. The present pastor is the Very 
Kev. Father John J. McDonald, assisted by Kev. Father Foy. 

CoLoREii CiiuRoiiEs. — Zion's Church is located on WliiCney 
street, and was organized in 1836 by Rev. Henry .Fohnson. In 
1840 the first church was erected, which was rebuilt in 1874 at a 
cost of $2,000. The present pastor is Rev. Charles A. Smith. 

Bethel church was organized in 183S by Kev. Charles Spicer 
and a church built in the same year. In 1842 the present build- 
ing on Susquehanna street was erected at a cost of .f850. Kev. 
W. G. B. Coster is the pastor 

Other Churches.— There are two German churches in the 
city, Emanuel Church and Church of the Redeemer, (Lutheran) 
Emanuel church was organized in 1880 by Rev. .Jacob Vo^eler 
with a membership of twenty-four. For a few years meetings 
were held in the rooms of the Y. M. C. A., but in 1885 the pres- 
ent pretty building on Front street was erected. Rev. H. Koch 
is the pastor. The Lutheran church is on Washington street ; 
Rev. W. F. Bacher, pastor. The First Christian church is loca- 
ted on Clinton street. Kev. E. K. McCord is the pastor. The 
Free ilethodist church is on Rutherford street. Rev. ;\I. D. Alac- 
Dougall is the pastor. The Church of the Messiah, (Universal- 
ist) on Ex'jhange street. Rev. M. Yager, pastor; First Church of 
Christ, (Scientist,) and a .Jewish synagogue complete the list. 



RAILROADS. 

For the first twenty-five years after its settlement Bing- 
liamton's only means of communication with the outer world 
was by way of the old "turnpikes," or by boats down the Sus- 
quehanna river. In 1833 the first move was made towards 
building a canal from Binghamton up the Chenango valley and 
connecting with the Erie canal at Utica. This canal was begun 
in 1834 and completed in 1837, at a total expense of nearly two 
millions of dollars. The first boat reached Binghamton May 6, 
1837, and tlie interests of the young city were greatly built up 
by the advent. During the first three years over twelve million 
feet of lumber had been shipped over it from Binghamton. The 
canal was extended in 1878 to Owego. but with the building of 
railroads the canal was abandoned in 1872. 

In 1831 the New York and Erie Railroad Company was 
chartered and sixteen years later, after a varied experience of 
delay and partial abandonment, the road was completed from 
Piermont on the Hudson to Binghamton and finally in 1851 to 



Dunkirk. The opening of the road so enlarged the commercial 
facilities of the city that the natural advantage of its situation 
begun to be more and more apparent, and other roads were 
projected. 

A charter had been obtained for the Utica and Susquehanna 
Railroad as early as 1832, but the road was not completed until 
1872. In 1852 prominent Binghamton men realizing the impor- 
tance of the Pennsylvania coal trade interested themselves in 
the building of the Syracuse and Binghamton road, which had 
been chartered twenty-five years before. A new charter was 
obtained and the road completed, and opened for traffic in the 
autumn of 1854, the city of Binghamton taking a large amount 
of the capital stock. ,\mong the Binghamton citizens promi- 
nent in the construction of this road were Messrs. Daniel 8. 
Dickinson, Ammi Doubleday, Rodney A. Ford and others. 
(Treat enthusiasm was felt in the city upon the completion of 
this road, but its early years were characterized by mismanage- 
ment and it was not until the road passed into other hands that 
it became a paying investment Meanwhile the D., L. A W. 
Ry had elVected a junction with the Erie at Great Bend and in 
1868 this company purchased the Syracuse and Binghamton and 
extending their line from Great Bend to Binghamton, a second 
great thoroughfare through the city was completed. In the 
autumn of 1880 the D., L & \V. company began the extension of 
their road from Binghamton to Buffalo, a distance of 204 miles, 
and on .May 14, 1883 the new road was opened. 

The -\lbany and Susquehanna Railroad was completed from 
Binghamton to Albany in 1869, after being delayed for years in 
building the tunnel near Nineveh ; this road is now under the 
management of the Delawai-e and Hudson Canal Co. 

In 1894 work was commenced on the State Line Railroad 
which is to form the connecting link of a new line from Bing- 
hamton to Williampsort, Pa., but the enterprise has been tem- 
porarily abandoned. 

At the present time the passenger traffic of the city is trans- 
acted at two stations, the Erie which is also used by theD. & H. 
and the D., L. & W. From thence the traveler may depart at 
any hour of day or night by any one of seven diverging routes, 
leading to all points of the compass. 



BRIDGES. 

FjOcated as it is at the confluence of two rivers, the means 
of crossing these rivers has always been an important question 
to Binghamton. .U the present date there are five bridges in 
the city, two over the Chenango and three over the Susquehanna 

The first bridge in the city was the old Court street bridge, 
built in 1808 at a co.st of $6,000, This bridge was 600 feet long, 
and twenty-five feet wide, and has been replaced by three other 
bridges during the history of the city The second bridge was 
erected in 1825, standing until 1865 wlien it was carried away by 
the great freshet. Up to this time all the bridges in the city 
were toll bridges, but the spirit of progrees had reached the 
city and a move was promptly made to have a free bridge on 
Court street. A special act was passed by the legislature to 
enable the city to raise $30,000 for the purpose, and after much 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 




Young Men's Christian Association. 

THE Young INIen's Christian Associatiri. was ineoporated 
December 4th, 1852, and during the forty-three years of 
its existence has accomplished a robJe work in the oity. 
The work of the organization, as its name indicates, is iirimarily 
with the young men, yet the whole city has enjoyed tlie fruits 
of the labor of the Association. 
Lecture courses, readings, con- 
certs andotlier instructive enter- 
tainments have been provided, a 
reading room and library estab- 
lished, a gymnasium provided for 
the benefit of its members, for 
whom the association exercises 
all the care and watchfulness of 
the home. 

The first officers of the Associa- 
tion were : president, Edward 
Tompkins; vice-presidents, .Sol- 
omon .Tudd. Charles S. Hall and 
Edward Z. Lewis; recording sec- 
retary, James B. Chadwick; treasurer, .Julius P. Morgan; 
managers. Henry S. West, (ieorge E. Flynt, Hallam E. Pratt 
and .1. T. Brodt. In 1883 steps were taken toward providing a 
suitable home for the Association. An appeal was made to the 
friends of the association, and their liberal response resulted in 
the purchase of the Lester block, Nos. 7 and 9 (.^ourt street, for 
which .$20,000 was paid. This building is centrally located, 
with a frontage of forly-eight feet, and four stories in height. 
Since its purchase, several thousand dc)llar.s have been expend- 
ed in improvements, until now a handsome and convenient home 
has been provided. The ground floor is retued for business 
purposes. 

Let us take you fur a moment through the building as it is at 
present, .\scending one flight of stairs from Court street you 
enter at the right into a free reading room supplied with all the 
leading periodicals of the country ; near the door also you find 
the secretary's deck ; opening from this is the social room where 
members may spend a pleasant hour with the numerous games 
that are provided ; beyond this Is the members' parlor elegantly 
fitted up, while passing still around we come through the boys' 
room. 

Ascending another Higtit of stairs wp fii.d the large roini in 
which is held the Sunday afternoon services; the library which 
consists of thousands of volumes of selected litt-rature ; the 
bath rooms and other rooms connected with physical culture. 

The entire top flour is devoted to the <jymnaslum where men 
and boys are taught under the skillful Instructions of Professor 
Rex how to best develope their muscles. 

The present officers of the .Vssocation are; president, .1. K. 
Noyes; vice-president, .Ino. R. CMements ; treasurer. H. W 
Bennett; auditor, II. A. Smith; recording seeretary. Dr. H. I)! 
Whitmarsh ; general secretary, S. T. Weisheimer ; physical 
director, Herman l!ex. 




.TOnX T. WETSIIEIMEU. 



The present General Secretary, 
Mr. .John T, Weisheimer, who by 
his courteous manners and consist- 
ent christian life has won for him- 
self many friends among the young 
men of the city who have come in 
contact with him, was educated at 
Oakwood Seminary, Union Springs, 
N. Y., and at the Centenary Colle- 
legiate Institute, Hackettstown, 
X. .f. Soon after he was ordained 
a minister of the Methodist Episcopal church, but believing 
that there was a greater field of usefulness in saving the young 
men of this country, he accepted the appointment of secretary 
of the Young Men's Christian .\ssociation at Ellenville, N. Y. 
From this place, through his suceess^in his chosen field, he has 
been transferred respectively to Addison, Lansingburg, Green 
Point, (Brooklyn,) and lastly to Binghamton. In each of these 
places the work has been doubled through his untiring efforts 
to raise the standard of christian life among young men, and to 
draw into the kingdom of Christ those who~cannot be success- 
fully reached by the church. 

Mr. Herman Kex was born in the 
city of Syracuse. \. >',, April lSth_ 
1.8(i(). He was the assistant pliysical 
instructor of the Syracuse associa- 
tion for two years, and coming to 
the city of Bingliamtoii. ( Ictober 13,\ 
1890. he took charge of the local 
association's gymnasium which was 
then in a dilapidated condition, 
since that time the physical work herm.^n rex. 

has become a very prominent part of the association's work. 
Mr. Rex is a good all-around athlete, a fine gymnast and a 
thorough Instructor in physical culture. Hp has proven'him- 
self to be a very valuable man to tlie association, and he is "also 
very popular with all who know him. The success of the phys- 
ical work in this city Is due to his untiring efforts. 
— .@) — ® — .@ — @® — @- — @- — ® — 





OAK STREET SCHOOL, No. i. BINGHAMTON, N. Y. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



Si 



BRIDGES, continued from page 79, 

litigation, a substantial bridge was built, the first free bridge 
in the city. The total cost of the new structure was some •'^38.- 
000. This bridge was replaced in 1889 by the present solid iron 
bridge, with an asphalt Hoor. 

The Suspension bridge across the Chenango river at Ferry 
street was built by the city in 1871, at a cost of .i!2K,000. The 
site had previously been occupied by an old wooden toll bridge 
which had been taken away by the same flood that removed the 
old Court street bridge. Hon. Walton Dwight, at that time 
Mayor of the city, took an active part in securing the construc- 
tion of the new bridge, having pledged himself to pay all the 
cost above the estimated .'f28,O0O, and having paid for the abut- 
ments. The cables of this bridge are composed of seven steel 
wire ropes two inches in diameter. W. A. Roebling, the famous 
engineer who afterwards built the Niagara Suspension bridge 
and the great Brooklyn bridge, was the engineer in charge of 
the building of this bridge. 

The first bridge over the Susquehanna river was built in 
1808. at what is now the foot of Water street. This structure 
was replaced in 1825 by a covered toll bridge erected by the 
Susquehanna Bridge Co., and known for years as the "White 
Bridge.'' .\bout one-half of this bridge was carried away by an 
ice- jam in 1873, but was at once rebuilt. In 1874 it was purchas- 
ed by the city, thoroughly repaired and made a free bridge. In 
1882 the roof was removed, and shortly after it was replaced by 
the present handsome iron stru.:'ture. 

The first Rockbottom bridge was built in 1865 by a compa- 
ny who located the bridge near the mouth of the Brandywine 
creek, but the next year the bridge was bought by the Rock- 
bottom Bridge Co , who moved it to its present site, where it 
was used by the public until 1874. In this year the old toll 
system was abolirlied in the city, and the Rockbottom bridge 
was superseded by the present iron struetiire. which cost the 
city .$38,500. 

In 1847 a temporary wooden foot bridge was erected by a 
few citizens across the Susquehanna at the foot of Exchange 
street. This was blown down, and a similar structure soon af- 
ter built which was carried away by the ice in 1880. The pres- 
ent bridge was built by the city in 1S82, costing .$6,000. 



THE POST=OFFICE. 

The postoftice in Binghamton was established in 1802, and 
William Woodruff was the first postmaster. The mail at that 
time was brought overland from Catskill, by .Joshua Whitney, 
who kept the mail at his house as early as 1795, and it was 
largely through his efforts that the office was established. Some 
five years later Orange Stoddard became post-master and the 
office was transferred to Union where it remained two years, 
or until the appointment of Woodruff, .ludge Robert Monell 
was the second post-master, and he was succeeded by Judge 
McKinney who held the office until the second appointment of 
Mr. Woodruff. In 1813 .ludge McKinney again took the othce, 
and established it in Zenas Pratt's store. Pratt was made the 
post-master in 1817, and was succeeded by .lohn C. Swain in 



1821. Virgil Whitney received tlie appointment in 1823 and 
held the office thirteen years, when he was succeeded by Dr. 
Tracy Robinson. The post-masters since Dr. Robinson have 
been : Franklin Whitney, Joseph B. Abbott, Vii-gil Whitney, 
William Stuart, 1861-70; E. B. Stephens, 1870-82 ; George W. 
Dunn, 1882-86; E. H. Freeman, 1886-90; George W. Dunn, 1890- 
94 ; Charles A. Hull, 1894-95 ; C. F. Terhune, 18!l5. For illustra- 
tion and description of the new post-office building, see page 8- 

o 

CITY WATER WORKS. 

The excellent system of city water works was constructed 
in 1868, being authorized by a special act of the legislature, en- 
titled, "An Act to Supply the City of Binghamton with Pure 
Wholesome Water." The first board of Commissioners were: 
W. P. Pope, Gen. Edward F. Jones, Sabin McKinney, J.Stuart 
Wells, Frederick Lewis and Wm. E. Taylor. At the first meet- 
ing, held in 1867. Wm. P. Pope was elected president, and Julius 
P. Morgan, clerk ; Frederick Lewis, treasurer; Thomas Sedg- 
wick, superintendent. 

The works are located in the eastern part of the city, tak- 
ing the water from wells sunk below the bed of the Susquehan- 
na river, where the water has to be filtered through the sand. 
These wells are from twenty to thirty feet in diameter. The 
first pump used was a Holly, with a capacity of 2,500,000 gallons 
per day. In 1882 a new Holly engine of 60,000,000 gallons per 
day capacity was put to work, and the cement pipes used at 
first were replaced by iron. 

o 

CEMETERIES. 

The first burying ground of the city was on court-house 
hill, and John Crosby was its first occupant. Later the several 
churches had burying grounds on their respective grounds. 
The first cemetery laid out was the old Eldredge Street Ceme- 
tery, which in 1841 became the Binghamton Cemetery, and in 
which t!harles F. Whitney was the first person buried. ^lany 
were soon removed thither from the various church burying 
grounds. This cemetery contains about ten acres, divided into 
some four or five hundred lots, and at the present time bears 
an old and dilapidated appearance. 

Spring Forest Cemetery was incorporated in 1853, with Ed- 
ward Z. Lewis as president. This is probably the handsomest 
cemetery in the county. The scenery is naturally beautiful 
and the arrangements are artistic. Mrs. Azariah .\ngel was the 
first person buried here. 

Floral Park Cemetery is situated on the east side of Floral 
avenue, near Main street. 

The Catholic Cemetery is on the river bank, in the western 
part of the city. It contains eight to ten acres, between the 
river and Riverside drive. The grounds and location are very 
beautiful. 

Glenwood Cemetery situated in the extreme northwest part 
of the city, on a beautiful hillside, contains about 60 acres. 
About 2,000 people have been buried here. N. M. Hulbert is the 
present superintendent. The following description of this beau- 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 




ST. MARY'S CHURCH, COl'RT ST., BINCiHAnTON, N. Y. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



83 



tiful cemetery is taken from a local newspaper: "Glenwood 
cemetery, situated on a side hill and commanding an excellent 
view of the city, is an ideal place for the burial of the dead. A 
visitor can profitably spend a short time there. Although Glen- 
wood has not been in use seven years a great many persons 
have secured lots in that cemetery. A number of handsome 
monuments mark the resting places of several of Bingbamton's 
honored dead. The grounds and drives were laid out by Dr. 
Newton Hulbert. They are an excellent specimen of landscape 
gardening. A number of new lots are being laid out on the 
north and west sides which occupy a high elevation. These lots 
will be more expensive than the other lots. Pipes are being 
laid to convey water from a spring issuing from the rocks in the 
northern portion of the cemetery. The water will be used for 
sprinkling the grounds. Lawn sprinklers can be placed on each 
lot at the will of the owners. About one hundred sprinklers 
have been purchased. 

One important feature of the cemetery is its beautiful ever- 
green trees. They were grown from seeds which were planted 
forty-four years ago on Mount Prospect, and at the opening of 
Clenwood the young trees were transplanted, and under the 
care which they have since received are in fine condition. The 
branches have become thickly woven together. An arch of 
evergreens sixty rods long has been constructed, making one of 
the most beautiful of sylvan avenues. The cemetery contains 
no potter's field, but does contain a soldiers' plot in which are 
buried nearly fifty patriots. In the center of the plot a flag- 
staff has been erected. The Susquehanna Valley Orphans'Home 
has a plot in which several have been interred. 

Along the eastern border of the cemetery i.s a gorge, wild 
and picturesque. It is a romantic spot. .A small stream winds 
its way through the rocks and the walls rise to a height of many 
feet on each side. The trees are so thick it is'well nigh imposs- 
ible for a ray of sunshine to penetrate between the leaves. The 
cemetery has been greatly improved in the past two years and 
the work is being pushed. When completed, Glenwood will be 
one of the most beautiful cemeteries in Central New York. Much 
of its beauty is due to the untiring labors of the superintend- 
ent, Mr. Newton Hulbert." 



RELiaiOUS AND CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONS, 

The Railroad Department of the Young Men's Christian 
Association is located on Lewis street. The officers are; Chair- 
man, Charles Wadsworth ; vice-chairman, W. A.Fleming; treas- 
urer, H. T. Conklin ; secretary, (i. L. Nichols. The rooms of 
the association are free to all railroad men, and include a read- 
ing room, supplied with all the leading newspapers and period- 
icals, an amusement room, bath rooms and a well-selected li- 
brary. It is doing a good work among the many railroad men 
of the city. 

The Young Women's Christian Association, has convenient 
rooms in the Strong block, and occupies the [same [field among 
the young women of the city as the Y. M. C. A. fills among the 
young men. It has a reading room, a good library, a well- 
equipped gymnasium, and provides free instruction in various 



branches of study and practical accomplishments. i:s present 
officers are : President, Mrs. Alice F. Mills ; secretary, .Miss Car- 
rie E. Barnum ; treasurer, Mri. Elmer E. Ensign ; general sec- 
retary. Miss Villa Maccabe ; gymnasium instructor. Miss Har- 
riet (t. McDougal, and a board of managers comprising many 
well-known ladies. 

The Young People's Society of Christian Endeavor is rep- 
resented in the city by twelve societies, distributed among as 
many of the churches of the city, each society having its own 
officers and working in and for its individual church. These so- 
cieties are united in what is known as the "City Christian En- 
deavor Union," of Binghamton, which meets at intervals for 
the discussion of methods of work. The officers of this union 
are: president, Arthur T. Truesdell ; vice-president, P. A. Gar- 
ret; secretary, E. A. Goodrich; treasurer, John H. Becker. 

Other religious organizations of the city are : The Sabbath 
Association of Binghamton; Dr. J. M. Farrington, president; 
Rev. Benj. L. Herr, cor. secretary ; C. W. Loomis, rec. secretary. 
The Christian Science Association; meets at 157 Water street; 
Walter L. Chapman, president ; Mrs. Annie W. Lamb, secretary 
and treasurer. The Union llescue Mission holds meeting each 
evening at 116 Washington street, and is doing a good work 
among the humbler class. T. P. Gates is the superintendent. 
The Salvation Army has a strong detachment here, with head- 
quarters at 91 State street. The Army is accomplishing much 
good in its chosen field of labor. 

The city has a large number of charitable institutions, each 
devoted to some special branch of the work. The Susquehanna 
Valley Home has been illustrated and described on page 69. 
The House of the Good Shepherd, a home for aged and infirm 
women, under the management of the Episcopal Church, is lo- 
cated at 74 Conklin avenue. It has a board of trustees compos- 
ed of prominent members of that church, who are assisted by a 
board of lady managers. St. Mary's Orphan Home is pleasant- 
ly situated on Chestnut street in the western part of the city, 
and is under the auspices of the Catholic Church. The institu- 
tion has at present about 85 inmates. The Kefuge Mission for 
fallen women is on Front street. 



POLICE AND FIRE DEPARTMENTS. 

In .lune, 1836 ninty-one citizens of Binghamton presented s 
petition to the board of aldermen requesting them to raise :)!600 
to purchase a fire engine, sixteen young men at the same time 
presented a petition asking that they might be formed into a. 
fire company. The next year a party of boys petitioned to be 
formed into a .Juvenile fire company. The two companies in 
1837 were called Pha>nix, with C. L. Robinson as foreman, and 
Cataract with Waring S. Weed as foreman. The present Me- 
chanics Hose Company was formed from the old Phcenix. 

The Fountain Bucket Company was formed in 1842. The 
l^awyer Hose Company, afterwards called the Crystal Hose No. 
1, was founded in 1858 and has been one of the most prominent 
hose companies of the state. The present officers of the fire 
department are : 

Chief Engineer, Charles N. Hogg ; First Ass't, James El- 
dredge ; Second Ass't, A. H. Lyon ; clerk, Fred Michelback. 



84 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 




RESIDENCE OF HRS. MELINDA OSBORNE, 179 (RONT SI, BI.NGHAMTON, N. Y. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



«5 



Steamer. City of Binghamton, W. H. lagi-aham, engineer; 
steamer Bennett, Charles Dimmick, engineer. 

Cyrstal Hose Co., No. 1 — H. C. Maxwell, foreman. 

Alert Hose Co., Xo. 2 — Edwin Scrafford, foreman. 

Protection Hose Co., No. 3 — Charles Everett, foreman. 

Fountain Chemical Engine Co , No. 4 — C. A. Tucker, foreman 

Independent Hose Co., No. 5 — .lames Dundon, foreman. 

^Mechanics Hose Co., No. 6 — Martin Burke, foreman. 

Roekbottom Hose Co., No. 7 — B. G. Devaney, foreman. 

Excelsior Hook and Ladder Co., No. I — Clarence Bullis, 
foreman . 

Police Department. — The present Police Department of 
this city was organized in 1881 ; the first board of commissioners 
were T. G. Rich, .Tohn S. Wells, <t. W. Dunn and Lewis S. 
Abbott. The present officers are: 

Chief— Charles H. Meade. 

Ass't Chiefs — C. Burdette Abel and William Moore. 

o 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Ci/y Parks. — Ross Park was presented to the city by Eras- 
tus Ross in 1875. It contains upwards nf 100 acres, pleasantly 
situated at the extreme south of the city, the main portion be- 
ing in a beautiful gorge. It is connected with the city by an 
electric railroad running cars every fifteen minutes or oftener 
during the summer season. Phe park was formerly managed 
by a board of seven directors, but is now under the control of 
the Binghamton Street Railway Co. It is one of the most pop- 
ular picnic resorts in this section, having many special attrac- 
tions to invite the attention of visitors. Bennett Park is in the 
western part of the city, and is a pretty, well shaded and level 
tract, not so attractive, however, as the more popular Ross park. 

Bhclric r.islil — The first company was organized in 1884 
with the following as a board of trustees : William G. Audenried 
of Philadelphia, E. .1. Sterling of Brooklyn, J. Stuart Well.s and 
W. A. Heath of Binghamton, and W.O.Cuokof New York. 
Soon after the organization of the first company tlie Brush- 
Swan Electric Light Company purchased their interests. The 
first electic light in the city was shown in front of the Exchange 
hotel in Iieeember, 1883. Tlie Binghamton General Electric 
Company now furnishes a large number of arc lights for the city's 
use and also the incandescent lights for many public buildings, 
manufacturies, offices and private residences. 

(ias Li<;ht. — The Binghamton Gas Light Company was 
chartered in 1853 and for over forty years has furnished 
illumimation for the city. Its works are located on upper 
Court Street. 

Theaters. — In the early days of Binghamton the old "Brig- 
ham Hall" was used as a place of public amusement, and this 
was the only place of the kind until the Academy of Music was 
built in 1864. This passed through a number of hands, and 
finally burned in 1884. Soon after a more pretentious theatre 
was built on Washington street, and in 1892 the handsome Stone 
Opera House was opened (see page 29). This is thoroughly 
modern in all its appointments and a building in which Bing- 
hamton citizens take much pride. At present it is under the 



management of Messrs. Clark and Delevan, who provide the 
best class of amusements for the public. The pretty Bijou 
Theater, on Water street, was erected in 1893 by the present 
proprietor, Mr. A. A. Fenyvessy. This theatre is very cosily 
fitted up and is known as the ."people's i)opular priced family 
theatre." Mr. Fenyvessy understands the wants of his patrons, 
and spares no pains to provide them with the best and latest 
novelties, and as a result his place of amusement is well- 
patronized. 

J//7;7<ni'.— The Sixth Battery, N. G. S. N. Y., was organized 
in 1870, and has carried on its rolls the names of over five hun- 
dred men, many of whom have since become prominent in the 
affairs of the city and county. The company has several times 
been called out to assist in the suppression of riots in the time 
of strikes. The first commander of the battery was Capt. W. 
M. Crosby. Ever since its organization the company has rank- 
ed as one of, if not the best batteries in the state. Capt. L. L. 
( (Imstead is the present commander, a position he has filled with 
great credit for over twenty-five years The present strengtli 
of the battery is about eighty-five. The Twentieth Separate 
Company, N. G. S. N. Y., organized some ten years ago. contains 
over 100 members, and is one of the crack companies of the 
state. Capt. H. C. Rogers is in command of the company at 
present. These two organizations are cjuartered in the State 
Armory, a large and handsome brick building on State street 
erected by the state in 1881, at a cost of .t40,000. 

Xi-.vspafers. — The first newspaper published in the city of 
Binghamton was the Broome County Patriot, started in 1811 by 
Chauncey Morgan. The American Farmer issued at the old vil- 
lage of Chenango Point had preceded this, but had been moved 
to Owego on the abandonment of Chenango Point. The Patriot 
passed through several managements, the name being changed 
in 1818 to the A'/'ffw/x, and finally was discontinued in 1820. In 
181S the Rei>iiblica>i llrraltt was Started by .\braham Burrell, 
and was afterwards owned by Dorephus .\bbey, who was hung 
at Kingston. Ont., for participation in the Fenian war in 1823. 

The liroonw County liepultliean first appeared in 1822, 
under the management of Major Augustus Morgan, and in a 
short time caused the death of its rival, the M'/wW/rrn/ //(•;-«/(/ 
and still survives, as the oldest paper in the city, Next in 
order came the livening Express a daily, started in 1849. The 
Iris, as well as the .Snsi/iie/iaHna Journal, started in 18.52. in a 
few years were merged in the liepublican. 

The Broome County Courier was Started in 1831, and after 
chanf^ing hands and names several times is now published by 
Mesrrs. Lawyer Bros, as the Binnliamton Democrat. William S. 
Lawyer, the senior member of the firm, is the oldest journalist 
in the city in point of continuous service in Binghamton, having 
commenced in 1848. The Daily Times was started in 1872, and 
after continuing one year, was sold to the /Republican. The 
Leader was started as a weekly in 18(;o by .\. W. ('arl and K. 11 
Freeman, and a dailj edition was first issued in 1878. In 1882 
the Latest Morning Xe-vs was established by Wales Ot Mantz. 
but only survived two years. In 1869 the Journal made its ap- 
pearance, but was only issued for about six months. The Sun- 



86 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



day Tribuiif was started in 1879 by Baker Bros, but was sold 
after a life of eigliteen months. The llluslratcd Post was start- 
ed in 1894 and suspended after a little less than one year. The 
only Sunday paper published in the city is the Message, found- 
ed in 1S94 by O. .1. Coughlin, the present publisher. It is an 
aggressive, wide-awake paper, with a large circulation. Mr. 
Coughlin is a veteran pewspaper man, having for bome years 
been manager of the Binghamton /.eadi-i-, and since the estab- 
lishment of the Mfssi:o;r has by hard labor and perseverance 
built up the large patronage of the paper. The Elevator is a 
small sheet published by the Young Women's Christian Asso- 
ciation. Tlie P""///-!' il- ',■(/;•(/(■« was started in 1S!)4 by Mott & 
Luce, and soon after sold to the Ihlt/io-.:, r. a horticultural 
quarterly, published by .1. ,1. Bell. 

T/ii- Saturday Call was established in 1887 and has passed 
through all the experiences incident to a newspaper's earlier 
struggles. .Fas. W. Ilagar, was its first publisher. E. H. Free- 
man made an unsuccessful attempt to run it but utterly failed 
from a business standpoint. In October. 1893, Perry P. Rogers 
purchased the Call plant and formed a partnership with Arthur 
.1. Dibble. The paper at once began to show marked improve- 
ment. The management continued the same for one year, until 
the death of i\Ir. Rogers. Soon thereafter Mr. Kibble assumed 
full proprietorship, and so continues at the present time. Un- 
der his management tlie paper has been prosperous, and is un- 
doubtedly the largest circulated family weekly in Broome coun- 
ty. It caters to the better class, both as to readers and busi- 
ness, and its future is indeed bright. Arthur .1. Dibble is a na- 
tive of Delaware county, and was educated in the common 
schools and at the Delaware I^iterary Institue at Franklin. He 
entered Cornell University and graduated with the class of '87. 
He has been in newspaper work almost continuously, and is an 
honor to the profession. 

The BISUUlAMTO.y E\ENI.\<: HERALD came in- 
to being Feb. 28, 1889 The gentlemen who were responsible 
for its advent were .1. B. Briggs, of Elmira. and E H. Bogert, 
of Binghamton. It did not come to fill a long felt want, and its 
originators did not have the temerity to announce that it had 
come to stay. Before the first of September. 1889, it had sunk 
.$4,0tKX and the fact that it was sinking money at the rate of 
$150 per week indicated to its owners that perhaps it had not 
come to stay. They were quite certain that they would not 
stay with it if they got a good chance to sell it. and when Hiram 
A. Stanley and Charles H. Turner, employes of another local 
paper, sought to buy it, they found no dilMculty in bargaining 
with Messrs. Briggs and Bogert. Its new proprietors were pre 
pared to lose some money, although they had not much to lose. 
In the lirst four months of their ownership it sutik about $3,500 
and one evening the partners sat down and discussed the mat- 
ter of further issues of the paper. They were young men who 
had learned in the hard school of experience that even as 
an employee of a successful journal the newspaper man's 
life is a hard one. In the four months that they had own- 
ed a paper they had been forced to the conclusion that the own- 
ership of even a small daily, entails burdens and hardships 
which cannot be borne without discomfort. 



They looked each other in the face, after going over the 
books, and saw there battled hope but not discouragement. They 
said, 'we will make another trial," and they did, and were suc- 
cessful. 

On .January 1st, 1890, they found they had 2.750 subscribers. 
They had enlarged the paper from a five column to a six col- 
umn folio, and leased a type web perfecting press of the Duplex 
Printing Co . of Battle Creek. j\lich. The paper had a fair ad- 
vertising patronage which soon began to grow. The plant when 
purchased occupied a floor space 16x30 feet, and comprised two 
cases of brevier type, about twenty-live fonts of well-worn Job 
type, one imposing stone supported by two soap boxes, a $500 
press with a $600 mortgage on it, and a good will, which was 
more or less. Before six months had passed the mortgage up- 
on the press had been pa:d, and it was thrown aside to make 
room for the new web press, which along with its increased 
speed and complications brought new cares and duties with 
which the whole office force were hardly able to cope. 

During the year 1890 a change was wrought, and the new 
year saw an average daily circulation of 4,150 copies. An eight 
column folio, with an eight page Saturday edition, and a new 
$6,500 sterotype web perfecting press, capable of turning out 
finished pages from a roll at the rate of six thousand copies per 
hour The advertising patronage had increased, a job office 
had been added, and the business was established on a firm 
foundation. 

. January 1st. 1892. the daily circulation had reached 5,150 
copies. The paper contained more advertising matter; had 
better rates ; the job office was rushed with work, and the busi- 
ness was literally booming. That the Herald was making great 
inroad on its local competitors was attested by the fact that 
they had joined issue and cut their subscription rate from 65 
cents and 50 cents a month respectively to 25 cents a month, 
the price at which the Herald has always sold, and were striv- 
ing their best to wipe it out of existence. 

.laiuiary 1st, 1893. the Herald had an average of 6,500 daily 
circulation, and had increased its equipment of presses, ma 
chinery, etc. On April loth. 1893, it purchased the circulation 
list of the defunct Evcitiin;- Times, thereby adding 1,800 copies 
per day to its circulation. 

The success of the Herald has been due to the determined 
efforts of Mr. Stanley in the capacity of business manager, and 
of Mr. Turner as editor. They built it up in spite of the most 
vicious attacks of competitors, and had reason to feel proud of 
the work they had done. 

On October 1st, 1893, Mr. Turner retired from the editorial 
chair, his interest in the E-'i-iiiin:- llrrald having been purchased 
by a stock company, with a capital of $40,000. The new compa- 
ny was officered as follows : 

H. A. Stanley, president and general manager. 

F. D. VanAmburgh, vice-president and advertising manager. 
H. .1. Mitchell, secretary and treasurer. 

G. W. Beardsley, managing editor. 
H. V. Bogert, circulation manager. 

Since then there has been a change in the official force, F 
D. VanAmburgh retiring to be succeeded by K. E. Bennett, the 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



87 



present advertising manager for the city. 

The newly incorporated company thought it saw plain sail- 
ing ahead. The paper was prosperous; advertising patronage 
was increasing and its circulation, phenomenal for a paper in a 
city the size of Binghamton, was creeping steadily upward. 
Late in December of 1893, it was discovered that the web pre- 
fecting press purchased in 1891 was giving way in the folding 
apparatus. The damage could not be repaired without disman- 
tling the press, and taking the worn parts to the factory in 
Massachusetts. It became imperative that something must be 
done, and that too, quickly. The company did not contemplate 
the expenditure of a large sum of money for a new press with 
any pleasnre, but could not avoid circumstances which admitted 
of no compromise. Press men in all parts of the country were 
negotiated with by telegraph, and in a short time the Walter 
Scott Printing Press Co. of Plainfleld. X. .T., was erecting one of 
their latest web prefecting presses in the basement of the 
building occupied by the Evening Herald company, at 217 
Washington street. It was a happy day for the proprietors of 
the Evening Herald when the new press, which, by the way, 
cost .$9,500, began to turn out printed and folded eight page, 
eight column copies of the Binghamton Evening Herald at the 
rate of 12,000 an hour, It is permissable to the state at this 
juncture, that the press which prints the Evening Herald is one 
of the finest pieces of printing machinery which can be manu- 
factured. It weighs seventeen tons, and contains 7,000 parts, 
and is charge of three men who devote their time and attention 
to keeping it in condition ready for each afternoon's run 

As soon as the new press was in operation, the one which 
had become temporarily disabled was rebuilt, and is now held 
as a i-eserve machine in case of an accident to the fast Scott 
press. The Evening Herald Company is the only newspaper in 
this city having two fast web press, and it is therefore the only 
company absolutely certain that it will be able to commence 
the printing (if its papers at the moment when they should be 
issued. 

The Evening Herald plant, as it stands to-day, consists of a 
battery of Thorne type setting machines of the latest model 
and presided over by expert workmen. The type setting ma- 
chines cost $2,000 each, and are ingenious pieces of mechanism, 
djiiig rapidly and aemirately the work of setting type, wliich. 
until within a few years, has been performed slowly and labor- 
ously by liand labor. The composing room is provided with the 
most modern of form tables, chases, and all the incidental ma- 
chinery and fixtures which go to make up an e()uipment for 
the composing room where forms are prepared to be stereo- 
typed. 

The press room contains a boiler furnishing steam to a large 
double table in which the matrices are dried; a retort con- 
taining a ton of hot metal, saws, trimming horses and the ma- 
chinery requisite for producing stereotype plates to be placed 
on the fast presses. Of the presses nothing further need be 
said, except that they have a combined speed of 10,000 complete 
folded and printed papers per hour, and are therefore capable of 
meeting any demand that may be made upon them. It is a 
sight which cannot fall to please a mechanic's eye, when the 
ponderous presses, at the bidding of the head pressman, com- 
mence their work of manufacturing and delivering papers as 



fast as several men can handle, count and deliver them, to the 
army of waiting news boys and carriers who quickly distribute 
them to all parts of the city ; or, who hasten with huge bundles 
to out going trains which quickly carry them to all the towns 
within a radius of one hundred miles, and In some instances to 
the most distant states in the union. 

The book and job room, located on the ground floor, Is the 
most perfect equippment of its kind in the southern tier. It is 
provided with five book and job presses of the latest pattern, 
capable of doing the finest of press work. 

The book bindery, located on the second floor of the build- 
ing, is equipped with machinery of the most approved design, 
consisting of ruling machines, wire stitchers, numbering ma- 
chines, presses, cutters, trimmers, retorts, and the thousand and 
one things which go to make complete a book binder's work 
shop. 

Eveniug Herald. — It is to the Evening Herald itself that 
this article has particular reference. It is with that product of 
the Evening Herald Co. that the people of Binghamton and vici- 
nityare best acquainted. It is therefore fitting to speak of its 
achievements, its principles, and the men who have contributed 
to make it what it is, an independent newspaper, dealing fear- 
lessly with all questions relating to the weal or woe of the pub- 
lic. It has always condemned wrongdoing, and has striven hon- 
estly to promote the growth of the city in which it Is publish 
ed. It has never condoned a wrong, even in a friend. It has 
never refused to recognise a right act of even its bitterest ene- 
my. It is conducted by men who have consciences, and who 
believe in upholding right principles, going on the hypothesis 
that in the end a greater financial success will accrue to the 
Evening Herald if editorially it approves right and condems 
wrong. It has saved the taxpayers of this city thousands of dol- 
lars by breaking up a city printing ring which five years ago 
was taking more than three times as much from the city treas- 
ury for the city printing than is paid to-day for a better service. 
It was the only paper in the city that did show up the Colesville 
appeal case and expo-e its true nature. When the banking 
troubles of last winter came it was the single daily paper of the 
city to tell tlie I ruth and re-assure a startled community that 
the financial disasters were not the result of business depres- 
sion in Binghamton, but of poor investments and dishonesty on 
the |)art of bank otficials. 

The Herald is a politi<'al free lance, and by its plain, unvar- 
nished statement of facts, has done much to set the voters of 
Binghamton and Broome cou-ity thinking along what it believes 
to be right lines. It does not hold that any political party Is 
bad, but it has no use lor the professional politi<'ian of so-called 
" practical " methods, who, in bringing discredit upon himself 
succeeds in emasculating the principles of the party he claims 
t<i represent. 

The working force of the Evening Herald Uo. consists of 
about seventy-five employes. .U the head of each department 
will be loimd a skilled mechanic or artisan, thoroughly lamiliar 
with the branch of work under his direction. Space forbids a 
mention of each one. 

The secret of the success of the Herald lies in the fact that 
each officer is not only a stockholder, but a working member at 
(continued on page S9. ) 



88 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



^HE IXTER-STATE CASl^ALITY 

* Accident Company, of New York, 

is the only company that pays ioi partial 

(tisa/'i/iiv. as well as total. 

It writes the broadest, most liberal poli- 
cv extant. 

It writes fortv-eight forms of policies, 
and is the onlv company thai insures ladies. 

\\'e have got more insurance in force than 
any other agency in Binghamton, and we 
are writing new business every day. 

Accident Insurance, to afford complete 
protection, mustjirovide indemnity for par- 
tial as well as total disability. 

The importance of this provision will l)e 
better understood when we say that the 
ratio of claims for partial disability to total 
is as JO to I . 

Total disal)ilitv in anv pnlicv implies in- 
abilit\" to attend to an\- of the duties con- 
nected with the business in \\ hich you are 
employed. 

()ut of 200 claims paid by this compaiu 
10:; were for partial disability, which could 
not ha\e been claimed under the policies 
of any other company. 

Before you insure or make yoin- next pay- 
ment with an\ company. di>n't fail to see 
what we can do for you. Drop a card, or 
come to the office of 



— .© — ® — ^ — @ — -®@ — ©- — @. — (^ — ©. — 

Life Insurance. 

Tin-: MUTflAL RESERVh: FUND LIFE ASSOCIATION stands fourth to-ilay in the list of tirst-cla.ss com- 
|ianies. It writes insurance at about one-half the usual rates. It has paid .'(ij^.ooo.Ddo to willows and orphans. 
It has over §300,000,0(10 insin-ance in force, and its Reserve I'Tmd is o\ei' $ (..ood.ooo. It has about $2,000,000 in 
force in Binghamton. It has paid over .'fioo.ood in claims in Bin;;liamlon alone. We are writing from $5o,<x)o 
to !f75,ooo per month, and this Is more than anv three offices in BingliamI on are doing. Before you take out a pol- 
icy upon your life, call at our ollice ; it will pay you to do so. We can sell you S2,ooo life insurance for what 
$1,000 will cost in an old line company. We want a good agent in everv town in Broome County, experience 
unnecessary. CHARLES E. SHORES & CO., (ieneral Agents, 

ROOM 5 STRONG BLOCK, BINGHAMTON, N. Y, 




,^A ^^^-^!c^^<^/«/iW>i>< 




I'.kOOME CUUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



89 



MISCELLANEOUS, continued from page 87. 

the head of ail important dejiarlm»nt. In this connection it is 
interesting to sketcli briefly the life liistory of each member of 
the company. 




HIRAM A. ST.WLEV. 

Hiram A. Stanley, president ani general manager of the 
Evening Herald Co., was born February 12th, 1859, in VestaL 
Broome county, N. Y., and the early years of his life were spent 
there, in Centervillage and in Binghamton. He is a self-made 
man whose life has been full of toil and hardships. It was only 
by supreme effort that he was able to satisfy his longing for 
knowledge. He was obliged to work early and late, and there- 
fore found little time to cultivate his mind. He was by turns 
a newsboy, a man-of-all-work, a school teacher, a railroad brake- 
man, and then a newspapt-r man. He has tried his hand, and 
successfully too, at all parts of the newspaper work, and i< just- 
ly accounted as being a far-seeing business man, of honest 
methods. He is an indefatigable worker. The success he has 
acheived in building up the Herald is proof positive that he is 
the possessor of qualifications which bring success. He has a 
wife and three children, and a beautiful home on the south side 
in this city in the vicinity of Ross Park. Personally Mr. Stan- 
ley is one of the most agreeable of men, usually retiring and un- 
demonstrative, but a gifted conversationalist. He is a great 
stickler for what he believes to be a good principle, and has 
never been known to falter in the performance of any under- 
taking, whether it be the twisting of a railroad brake or the 
building up of a newspaper. 




HOMEU .T. MITCHELL. 



Homer .1. Mitchell, treas- 
urer and chief clerk of the 
Evening Herald Co , was born 
in Sonoharie county, where the 
scenery is beautiful and the 
farm laii:l stony and barren. 
He had ideas aljove the soil, 
and early left the farm of his 
parents to seek his fortune in 
the city. After a course in a 
business college, he entered 
the employ of Joies of Bing- 
ton in iSS7. He soon became 
an expert accountant. In the 
latter part of 1893, he accept- 
ed a position with a Xew York 
insurance company, where he 

remained but a short time, returning to thiscity to accept a po- 
sition with Charles E Lee. From there he went to the Herald 
office, being recommended as an expert accountant, and such 
he is beyond doubt. He is a young man, thoroughly alive to 
the responsibilities of his position, and well liked wherever he 
is known. He possesses a vein of quaint humor which renders 
him a most companionable man, and he contributes not a lit tie 
to the social gaiety of life in the Herald office, where his athlet- 
ic young figure may be seen every day in the week, and some 
nights too, for that matter, bending over the ponderous ledgers. 

Guy W, Beardsley, man- 
aging editor (if the Evening 
Herald, has been a potent fac- 
lor in its phenomenal success. 
Mt. Beardsley was born in the 
hamlet of North Colesville, 
Broome Co , N. Y., May 8lh, 
1S68. He was reared and 
partly educated in the district 
schools, which gave him but 
limited opportunities, as II ey 
open only a few weeks in the 
winter season. His home was 
on a farm and he had to lake 
his part in the work which 
come to every country boj's 
life. He was thus eiigaped 
until he reached his tuenty-first J'ear ; but having, by hard 
study qualified himself for the profession of teaching, he passed 
a thnrough exami'^'ation successfully, and received a certilicale 
which enalilnd liin to get a school. Desiring to fill a hijiher 
po itioii, lie iiK)vi-(l to Binghamton in 1889, and after looking 
ovjerlhf Held of journalism, in January 1890, entered the office 
of the Evt-ning Herald, beginning as a reporter, and remaining 
with the paper until the early part of August 1893, when he re- 
tired from the same. Later, when Mr. C. II. Turner sold his 
interest In the Herald, and the incorporation of the company 
took place in September 1893, Mr. Beardsley returned to the 
office, became a stock holder and managing editor of the paper. 




(iUy W. liK.AUDSI.KY. 



90 



IJROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 





REV. EDWARD TAYl.OI^, D. I) 



Dr. Taylor was bom at Lee, Mass., in 1S21. He was oradua- 
ted from Williams college in 184;. after wliicli he laiiohi school at 
I^ittle Falls. N. Y.. for one year, anti thfii cntcro.l the Auburn The- 
ological Seminars, (iraduating from this institution in i,S|6. he 
at once accepted a call as pastor ot the Congregational chm'ch at 
Hinsdale, IVIass. From tluii' he went to 1 .ansingburg, N. \'., and 
in 1855 acce])ted a call to the Congregational church at Kalamazoo, 
Mich., where he remaineil eight years, and where, while a trustee 
of the ()li\(.'t Colk-ge, lie receixed the degree of I ). D. In iSs^ lie 
acce])fed the pastorate of the South Congregational cfiurch, Brook- 
lyn. \. ^'.. where his installation sermon w'as preached by the Rev. 
Hein\ Ward 13eecher. While here he was appointed chaiilain of 
Thirteenth Regiment. In iS6^ he acce|)fi-d a call to the Eirst 
Congregational clun-ch of 15inghamton, where he hiboii-d for ten 
years, aftei' which his health demandeil a rest of four \ears. .Since 
that time he has occupied the Congregational pulpit at .Norwich. 
Newark \'alle\. ( li eenc' and Cortland. In all of these places the 
work has been signalh blessed through his untiring elTorts. and the 
church membership has increased rapidU. .\l priseiit his work is 
the supplying of \acant ])ulpits. Dr. Ta\ loi- is clear, logical and 
practical, going at one to the heart of his siiljject. As a .^unday- 
.school w'orker he has lew ecnials. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



9' 



positions he holds to-day, and which reflect much credit up- 
on his ability. He is an earnest and industrious worker and is 
fast winning his way to the foremost ranks of modern journal- 
ists. He is progressive and ambitious and his e.xcellent judg- 
ment is shown in the impartial and independent editing of his 
newspaper. On April 30th, 1895, Mr. Beardsley was married to 
Miss Sara Davies of Onarga, 111., a most estimable young lady, 
and their home on Brevier street is a model one, and one that 
any man might be proud of. the principal feature being an 
extensive library in which Mr. Beardsley spends a large portion 
of his time. In closing this biographical notice, it need only 
be added that he is a ready and fluent writer ; crisp in his style 
and concise, going to the heart of his subjects without unneces- 
sary verbiage, making his editorials by these very qualities in- 
telligible to the dull and attractive to the most critical reader 

Harry V'. Bogart, the vit'e- 
president of the Evening Her- 
ald Co., was born in Brooklyn. 
N. Y., and came to Bingham- 
ton in the spring of 1874, en- 
tering the Binghamton city 
schools. He is not a man of 
many words, but rather of 
deeds, and the phenomenal 
success he has achieved in hi> 
chosen part of the newspaper- 
work, bespeaks a well-disci 
plined mind and a determina- 
tion which never falters. He 
is the youngest newspaper cir- 
culator in the city, and the ii aukv \. iidi.Aur. 
men associated with him be- 
lieve him to be the best He is as accurate as the multiplication 
table, and so methodical that he never forgets anything which 
{8 in his line of duty, and he has many tilings to think about. 
Mr. Bogart has been more than moderately successful, and a 
bright future stretches before him and his young wife, who oc- 
cupy a cosy little home in what is known as Dwightville, this 

city. 

Ralph E. Bennett the ad- 
vertising manager of the 
Evening Herald, was born at 
Smyrna, Chenango County, 
N. Y., October 24th, 1871, and 
is the son of Rev. E. L. Ben- 
nett and Latie J. Bennett. 
Mr. Bennett was educated in 
the Lisle .\cademy and in the 
Binghamton public schools, 
leaving the Binghamton Cen- 
tral High School to commence 
work in the oflice of a well 
known real estate dealer of 
this city. His venture for him- 
self was when he formed a 
partnership with his father, 





RALPH E. BENNETT. 



E. L Bennett, under the novel firm name of 2 Bennetts 2 Ross 
Block, which became a house-hold word. He gave up his real 
estate business to accept the position as advertising manager 
of the Herald, a place he was well calculated to fill Mr Ben 
nett is a handsome young man, of most agreeable address, and 
that he possesses sound business sense is attested by the fact 
that the columns of the Herald teem with advertising, which 
under his careful direction is made to yield handsome returns 
t(i those mercriants who are fortunate enough to own and 
occupy the space. Mr Bennett is proverbially good natured. 
He has no bad habits, and commands the respect and esteem 
of all who know him He has been phenomenally successful in 
his last chosen field of work, and it is all due to his persever- 
ence and sagacity. 

Is it necessary to ask why the Herald has been successful? 
Why it to-day enjoys the distinction of being one of the leading 
papers in the interior of the state? Is it not a foregone con- 
clusion that a paper officered and engineered as is the Herald 
must be successful ' 

The average daily circulation of the Herald is now more 
than 8,200 copies, and it has weathered the financial storms of 
the last two years without losing anything it had gained prior 
to that time, but on the contrary, gaining new friends, new pat- 
ronage and great strength and vitality. It is not too much to 
predict that the Herald has yet to meet great measures of pros- 
perity. 

THE BINGHAMTON l)A/T }■ LSADEff is one ot the 
foremost journals of the Southern Tier, of extensive circulation 
and commanding influence It was established in 1878, and was 
an outgrowth of the Democratic Weekly Leader, which had en- 
joyed a prosperous existence of ten years, when the first issue 
of the daily saw light. Since the inception of this enterprise, 
nearly eighteen years ago, the progress of the Binghamton 
Leader has been uninterrupted, but during the last three years 
its strides have been positively gigantic. During that time the 
publication house has undergone material changes in the line 
of enlargement and improvement. Every modern appliance 
for the simplification of newspaper making and for the amplifica- 
tion of resource has been added to the plant, until its equipment 
is fully equal to the great demand its extensive business 
imposes on it. The L.eader is now printed on Merganthaler lino- 
type machine and its thousands of impression are made on a 
rapid perfecting press of the Goss pattern. Its resources for 
supplying the general news of the day are embraced in its owner- 
ship of two valuable franchises, those of the United Press and 
the New York Associated Press, and it is a fact that it is the 
only evening paper between New York city and Buffalo, selling 
for one cent, that can boast of these franchises and the splendid 
facilities they aff'ord for supplying the public with a complete 
report of all the happenings of the day in all parts of the world 
In the vast territory covered by the Leader it is absolutely 
without a rival in the evening field as a purveyor of telegraphic 
news. Its local news service is unsurpassed, and every city 
and vicinity event is covered with a minuteness of detail that 
insures the utmost satisfaction to its numerous constituency. 



92 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



The New York Building Loan Banking Company. 

Wealth is obtained by I.abnr; it is preserved by Saving, and increased by Judicial Investment. 



Invest your earnings where 
thev will increase threefold in 
twelve jears. 

]f you want your child to have 
a piano when she is twelve years 
old, the New York Building 
Loan Banking Co. will guaran- 
tee it. 

If you wish to retire from ac- 
tive business in a few years, call 
on us. 

By investing !f!5.oo per month 
you can have a fortune of $2,000 ; 
if :. 00 per month will give $|oo 
cash in twelve years ; $3^.00 per 
month for twelve years will 
guarantee $10, ijoo cash; ijio.on 
per month for twelve years will 
give you $1,000 cash. 

A young man 20 years of age 
earning $10.00 per month, can 
have $2,(«)o cash when he is 32. 

Any bri;;ht and smart paper 
boy can have f-i-oo when he is 
21 years of age. 




NiiiL'tv-nine out of a hundred people 
would say that savings; banks pay a 
certain rate of interest, but on the con- 
trary they are paid a heavy interest for 
taking care of tlieir depositors' money. 
Take the case of ten men who save 
and intrust to savings banks .$10,000. 
Upon this the bank is said to pay 4%, 
or .'f400 annually. liut the bank loans 



the Ifio.ooo to a builder, at 



The 



CHARLES W. FUIJJ.R 



"T'HE New York Building Loan Banking Co. was organized in 
■ 1S90, and is one of the solid financial institutions of the coun- 
try. It was organized under the banking laws of the state of New 
York, which makes an investigation every year as to its standing. 
Building and Loan associations are not new. There are over 6,000 
associations in the United -States, having about two million mem- 
bers, and over .$500,000,000 in assets; more than the comliine.l cap- 
ital of the national banks, and also more tlian one-half tlie assets of 
all the life insurance companies in the United .States. .\l>out 500. 
000 homes have been paid for through the.se associations, and about 
500,000 more are being paid for in this manner. Manv of the lead- 
ing bankers in this country are not only officers in ihese associa- 
tions but large investors, for they know that a Building and Loan 
A.ssociation is more solid than any bank in the world, and that they 
are earning large rates of interest. During the panic of 1S93 when 
over two hundred banks were forced into bankruptcy, not a build- 
ing and loan association clo.sed its doors. These associations are 
not alone for the wealthy, but the jioor man stands on equal foot- 
ing, has as much to say and earns as large a profit as the rirh man. 
You who place your money in savings banks do not realize that 
you are making the rich richer, but such is the case. The late P. 
T. Barnmu used to say and with much reason that the American 
people deliglited in being humbugged. lie was correct; but hum- 
bugs did not l>egin with liarnum's career, nor are thev buried in 
his grave. The lish-and-monkey mermaid, the white-washed ele 
phant and the wooly horse were innocent delusions com])ared with 
the great savings banks which cost the people of this countv manv 
millions of dollars every year, and in which implicit trust is placed. 



builder adds a little of his own money 
and erects a ten-apartment tenement, 
which he rents to the ten men who put 
tlieir money in the savings bank. The 
tenants pay as rent 10% of the cost of 
the building. Thus the earnings of the 
$10,000, is $1,000 of which the bank 
gets $100, the builder $500, and the 
rightful owners $400. The ten depos- 
itors pay $1,000 and get back $400, so 
that the actual cost to them is $600 or 
f>%. That is what it costs them to 
have the bank take care of their mon- 
ey, though it is no safer than if they 
invested it directly in real estate by 
the medium of building and loan as- 
sociations. 

There may be in round numbers 
.$600,000,000 in New York savings 
banks, probably a little less since peo- 
ple have become suspicious of their 
safety, and the times are so hard. It 
costs 6"„ tu li.i\e llii.s money "taken care of,"or $36,000,000 per an- 
num ; legitimate profits diverted from the depositors. In the en- 
tire United .States this ainoimts to some $117,000,000 per annum. 
Thus are the the rich growing richer and the poor poorer. The 
very institutions that are supposed to encourage thrift are practi- 
callv absorbing the profits of that thrift. That people persevere 
in their efl'ors to get along in the world under such discouraging 
circumstances speaks volumes for their splendid qualities of cour- 
at^L' and prrsi-tent si-jf-denial. 

The Huildiug Loan system accomplishes no miracles, although 
to those ground between the upper and nether millstones of the 
bank and the landlord it seems to do so. It simply wipes out the 
middlemen, and makes the depositor his own banker and landlord. 
We have four kinds of stock that are sold on small monthly pay- 
ments which earn 16 ])er cent, if left for the period; and paid up 
stock which pays 7 per cent, annually, guaranteed semi-annaully ; 
also fully paid stock which pays S per cent, guaranteed in class B. 
The stock is sold for $1.00 per share per month, upon which there 
is a guaranteed interest of 6 per cent for So months, after which 
piivments cease iuui interest is paid at 6 per cent, for 176 months 
on the ])ar \alue of the stock, which has nowincreased to $100 per 
share. N'ou can witlulraw your money at any time on thirty days 
notice, receiving all you have paid in, with interest. 

We want vou to come to our office and investigate. We assure 
vou that you won't be l>orc'd. 

We want five good business men to represent us. 
Cti/i Of (tthh'rs.-i, 

Charlies W. Fuller >S: Co., 

No. S Strong Block. BINOHAMTON, N. V. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



93 



As an advertising medium it has been fully and convincing- 
ly tested, and periodical enlargement of its paper lias been 
found necessary in orded to enable it to meet the great and 
growing demand that the business interests of this vast and 
progressive community are steadily making on its space. Ad- 
vertisers have found by experience that for prompt and fruitful 
returns the Leader has no superior in its field. Tlie establish- 
ment in which this paper makes its home, also embraces an ex- 
cellent job depatment, where the best work of this kind is 
turned out in the finest style by expert printers. New and 
splendid facilities have recently been added to this department 
and the resources are now equal to any demand, either as to 
volume or quality of work that may be made upon them. As 
has already been stated, the Lender circulation is great and 
growing. It is daily served to readers in ten counties in New 
York and Pennsylvanna, and the territory it covers is rapidly 
widening. It has double the circulation of any evening paper 
in its field, and the qualitj' of its patronage is as fine as it is 
extensive. It is this feature of its circulation that makes the 
Leader's colums so valuable to ad i'ertisers. Such is the B'ntf^Iiam- 
toii Lender whose career has been co-incidental with Bingham- 
ton'shistory as a city. The first mayor of Bingliamton and the 
first Lender were contemporaneous and in all the years tliat both 
have lived, they have been mutually helpful and sympathetic. 
The debts of each have been canceled by a corresponding obli- 
gation on the other, and there is no reason to doubt that Bing- 
hamton and the Lender will continue to pass hand in hand up 
the steep where progress points the way. 

The Biiighamton Rejucblican, the oldest newspaper in the 
city, completes the list. A sketch of this paper is given on an- 
other page. 

Tlie Lhillstead Tempereiice League named in honor of the 
general manager of the D., L. & W. Ry.,W. F. Hallstead, is com- 
posed of about 100 employes of that railroad. They organized 
about one year ago and have done some very good work to pro- 
mote the cause of temperance. 

Woman's Christian Temperance Union has its headquarters 
at 93 State street and has under its management the CoflFee 
House, which has grown rapidly in favor as a cheap place to 
secure meals. This Union has a large meinbership in the coun- 
ty ; it includes in its work moral and social reform, and has 
been instrumental in establishing the Refuge or Rescue which 
is a home for women, is situated on Front street and is govern- 
ed by a board of eighteen lady managers. This is a diOicult mis- 
sion and is supported by contributions. 

Burean of Associated Charities is composed of represent- 
atives from the benevolent societies of the different churches. 
It designs to help only the worthy poor and do away with 
begging. It furnishes food aid lodgingto respectable strangers 
who are without means to secure such. It has an adjunct 
called the City Employment Society which has proved of 
incalculable benefit to many needy poor. 

Home for Aged Women is under the management of a board 
consisting of ten ladies and five men, and a board of twenty-five 
ladies. Its object is to furnish a comfortable christian home 



for women over 60 years of age, and who have been residents 
of the county for at least ten years. The admission fee is .$200. 
The organization owns its building and two acres of land. 

St I'incent VePnul Society, U acharitible Catholic organ- 
izati II founded on solicitude, and its object is to provide for 
indigent membership - 

City Hospitnl on ilitchell avenue, in the fifth ward, is built 
on the pavillion system which is the best approved style. The 
building is adequate for present need. It is under control of 
a board of management. 

Protection Temperance Club has rooms at 164 Court street, 
where the youth can enjoy recreation and reading; it is non- 
political and non-sectarian and has for its object the protection 
of the youth from contaminating influences and drink. The 
club has at pn-.-ent over 1,000 members. 

Binghainton Athletic Association, although not a year old, 
has a membership of sonit^ 600, its object is to encourage athletic 
sports and phy^ical culture. Tlieir headquarters are now lo- 
cated ill a new building on Noyes' Island. A profes.-ional in- 
structor is employed and each afternoon the members can en- 
joy full athletic si'Orts. 

Oilier clubs are numerous; nearly every profession or busi- 
ness has somrtliing connected with it. Some of the most prom- 
inent of these are the Dobson Club, Biiighamton Club, Nauga- 
tuck Club and Monastary Club The order of Red Men have 
seven tribes, and a membership of nearly 2,000. 

Masons have the Binghainton and Otsenidgo Lodges. The 
total membership of the regular Masonic and the .\uxiliary 
bodies is over 2,000. The Board of Masonic Relief assists all 
worthy indigent master masons, their widows or orphans. 

Independent Order of Odd Fello-vs has two lodges, the Calu- 
met and Parlor City. These with the Canton Encampment and 
Auxiliaries have a membership of about 1.200, and paid last 
season .$2,000 in beni-flts. They contemplate the ^erection of a 
new building. 

Knights of Pythias, have a lodge of about 100 members. 

Other societies are Knights of the Mystic Chain, Iron Hall, 
Royal Arcanum, Knights of Honor, Sexennial League, American 
Legion of Honor, Order of Tonti, Ancient order of Hibernians, 
Patri-^tic Order of/the Sons of America, Catholic Knights of 
of .-Vmerica, Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, New Eng- 
land Society, German JIutual Benefit Association, Cigarmakers' 
International Union, Trades and Labor Federation, and other 
minor organizations. 

Bingliamton Academy of Science, although not a year old, 
boasts of a large membership, which includes many of the prom- 
inent literary people of the city. Its object is scientific attain- 
ment in all fields of mental, physical and natural Science. It 
has already secured some fine talent from abroad. It has free 
use of the High School building, and a promising future. 

The Citizen's Relief Corps opened its headquarters in 1893, 
and has since received generous support from the people of the 
city. It consists of seven men selected by the mayor from the 
prominent business men of the city. They investigate cases ot 
poverty and furnish relief, but give no aid where the applicant 



94 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 




JAMES H. BARNES, BINQHAriTON, N. Y. 



JAMES H. BARNES is one of the solid husiiiL-.-^ 
men of the city of Biiiyhaintun. l"or more than 
half a century he has been enga{j;ecl in tiie granite 
and marble business, being for many years associated 
with Job N. Congdon. In recent years Mr. Barnes has 
succeeded to the entire business, and his workshop and 
show rooms at 94 and 96 Chenango street are a source of 
pride to the people of the city and an honor to the pro- 
prietor. There may be seen the evidence of the finest 
skill of the workman and the highest art of the desijriier 
as devel(i])ed by this age of inventi\e genius in the cav\- 
ing and tinishing of stone for inonumeiital purposes. 
The stock carried is large and embraces every variety of 
Scotch, Swedish and American granites, and Italian 
statuary marble, the former being imported direct by Mr. 
Barnes in such quantities as to enable him to successful- 



ly Compete with any similar concern in this country. 
A visit to the warerooms of Mr. Barnes and an inspec- 
tion ol the beautiful specimens of both foreign and do- 
mestic monuments carried by him, will bring speedy con- 
viction of the fact that Mr. Barnes is thoroughly conver- 
sant with all branches of the business in which he is en- 
gaged, and that he spares no effort to supply his custom- 
ers with the very best obtainable in any market. He 
employs none but the most skillful workmen, all artists 
of ]ironounced ability, as proven by the elegance of fin- 
ish and the beauty of the carving displayed on his work, 
rirsonallv Mr. Barnes is a clear-headed, liberal and 
enterprising man, who by the equity of his business meth- 
ods has won many friends in the city with wiiich he has 
so long been identified. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



95 



has a right to obtain it elsewhere. Their problem is to find 
work for the unemployed, and often improvements are made in 
the city to furnish work for the poor. 

The Itinerant Poor, or tramps, have been few or many, ac- 
cording to the policy of their treatment. Their objection to la- 
bor is shown by the fact that their number has increased since 
the abolishment of the stoneyard. 

Income and Expense.. The total expense of the board of 
education for the year ending July 31, 1895, was .$102,392; for 
general city expense, $322,225, which is met by an income of less 
$22,225 from licenses, fines and delinquent taxes, leaving over 
$400,100 to be raised by direct taxation. The result is that the 
people in the city pay two or three times as much tax on the 
same valuation as those living outside the city limits. Such is 
city government, or city expense. 

Tlic Health Department, has many ditlicult tasks to per- 
form. Several swamp places have been filled and there still 
remain others which should be looked after. Private places 
have to be watched in some cases to see that no contagion 
starts or spreads. The death rate is very low in Binghamton 
when compared with many other cities 

Streets and Pai'ements. — There is nearly 100 miles of street-! 
in Binghamton and few cities boasts of as good streets or sidi^- 
walks. Old ones are constantly being replaced by new In 
1894 nearly 17,500 square yards of asphalt pavement were con- 
structed and, although, the city has over 50,000 square yards of 
chestnut block pavement, nearly 100,000 square yards of asphalt 
and 3,481 square yards of brick, nearly half a million dollars has 
already been spent in paving the streets. 

City Engineer's De/'artment will compare favorably with 
that of any city. The force in this department has recently 
been increased, and good work accomplished in all the necessa- 
ry mechanical constructions, especially in the sewer system 
and ventilation. The city has seven miles of brick sewers, over 
eighteen miles of vitrified pipe, and over 1,500 of iron sewers, 
making a total of over twenty-five miles, with over 750 catch 
basins, 450 man-holes and about 60 flushing tanks. The total 
cost of constructing this system was nearly half a million dol 
lars. The cost of lighting the ciiy is, for the electric arc lights 
about 30 cts. per night, for 183 naptha lamps 63^ cts. per night, 
and for seventy gas lamps T'o cts. per night, making a total for 
the year of about $3,700. A proposition is now before the city 
for the construction of a viaduct over the railroads at Chenan- 
go street, at a cost of $100,000. 



MANUFACTURINQ AND WHOLESALE INTERESTS. 

In considering the wholesale intei-ests of Binghamton we 
mention here only some of the early business men of the city, 
leaving those of the present day to be mentioned under the 
appropriate heads. Binghamton, by virtue of her position as a 
railroad centre, and proximity to the coal fields is peculiarly 
adapted for manufacturing purposes. In its early history, how- 
ever, this interest was not largely developed. Flouring mills, 
lumber mills, foundries and machine shops were the first to 



open up. Dr. Klihu Kly established the first furnace and plow 
manufactory at Millville. In 1842 this shop was removed to a 
site near the canal, and after changing hands several times, was 
owned by Benjamin H. Overhiser, and burned in 1857. M. W. 
Shaplt-y, (if the firm of Shapley & Wells, was a foreman in this 
shop, and afterwards started the shops on Hawley street, now 
owned by that firm. The Empire Iron Works were established 
in 1847 on Washington street, by Lewis & Morris. This firm 
built many stationary engines, at one time sending many to 
Cuba. Tliis establishment was also burned. 

The Binghamton Iron Works, Shapley & Wells, was estab- 
lished in 1854, by W. M. Shapley, under the name of the 
'•\'alley Iron Works" and the firm has done a large business in 
the manufacture of heavy milling machinery, engines, etc. The 
Shapley engine has become famous. 

Charles Sedgwick had a machine shop in the early fifties, 
and I S. Matthews owned a jilow factory, located on (^anal 
street, where as many as 1,.500 plows were turned out in a year. 
Matlliews afterwards handled a general line of agricultural 
implements, and thn same business is now conducted by his sons. 
In 1862 Tallman & Crofutt commenced the inanufacture of 
the Cejitmnial Flue and Furnace. In 18(i(j the William Scott 
macliine shop was started ; Mr. Soott was not in the concern 
until 1869. The Commercial avenue Foundry and shops belong- 
ing tu .J. Herald, and the Kennedy Hot Air Furnace Works on 
Court. Street were established soon after; .Tones' Scale Works, 
noted later, was established in 1865. 

Boots and Shoes are among the principal manufactures. 
Lester Bros. & Co. started the business here in 18.54. Hon. 
Horace N. Lester was head of the firm until his death in 1882, 
when his son (t. Harry Lester took his place. They occupied 
the building at the corner of Henry and Washington streets, 
until the removal of the business to Lestershire. The firm meet 
with financial troubles a few years ago. They were one of the 
largest boot and shoe manufacturing firms in the United States 
and their pr.jduots ajigregated several hundred thousand dol- 
lars annually. 

H. E Smith & Co. commenced the manufacture of Boots 
and Shoes here in 1852. This firm's sales here amounted to as 
high as $140,000 annually. Chas. S. Case established a factory 
for fine boots and slioes on Court street in 1875. Stone, Gofl' 
& Co. opened their business in 1865. They now have a large 
factory on Water street. They are one of the oldest surviving 
firms of the boot and shoe trade of this city and do a business of 
upwards of half a million dollars annually. C^regg & Son for 
many years did a very large business in this industry. B. S. 
Benson & Co., and Mead it Benedict have done an extensive 
business in the manufacturing of boots and shoes. 

Furniture, there are at present several firms engaged in 
the manufacturing and retailing of furniture. We mention es- 
pecially Stickley & Brant and the Binghamton House Fur- 
nishing Company and several Chair companies; the history of 
this business at an early day suggests the name of the Parlor 
City Furniture Company, Binghamton Chair Company and 
McElroy i<r Watson. 



96 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 




GENERAL EDWARD F. JONES, BINQHAnTON, N. Y. 



GENERAL EDWARD F. JONES, of" Bingham- 
ton, N. Y., was born in Utica, N. Y.. June ^id, 
183S, but was reared in the state of Massachusetts. 
His early life was spent on a Farm, where he acijuired 



and honesty of purpose which has characterized his pri- 
vate Hfe, a fact that was realized even by his political 
opponents, and which resulted in his being placed at the 
head of the Capitol Commission, controlling the expen- 



tastes that in after life often leail him to seek ri'laxation diturc of millions of the public money, 

from an active business and public life by attending farm- At the breaking out of the Civil War he was placed 

ers' gatherings, grange meetings, fairs, etc., where he of- in command of the famous Sixth Massachusetts Volun- 

ten delivers an address .In this way he has formed a wide teers. the Hrst regiment to go forward to the defense of 

circle of accniaintance, and his affable manners have won the union, and whose historic march through Baltimore 

for him more friends than (vw public or private citizens. and prom]it arrival at Washington saved the capitol. 

He was one of the early members of the (jrange in this At tiie close of the war he came to Binghamton and 

state, and for ten years was an oflicer of the state organ- established the Jones Scale Works, where by energy and 

ization, of wliich he i.i still an active member. His life persverance he has built up a prosperous business. The 

has alwavs been one of hard work and diligence. He manufactory of scales, established by him more than a 

has found time to devote to public affairs, having served quarter of a century ago, is now owned and carried on 

as Lieutenant-Cjovernor from 1SS6 to 1891, inclusive. by a corporation under the euphonious title of " Jones of 

Asa public officer he was always guided by the integrity Binghamton," of which Gen. Jones is president. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



91 



Carriaffi-.s and Sleiglis. This is a business of considerable 
importance in the city. The Kingman, Sturtevant & Larrabee 
factory is on the line of the Erie in the western part of the city, 
and was built some ten years ago. The Binghamton Wagon 
Co., a more recent organization, is located in the north-eastern 
part of the city. Among firms of an earlier date are McMahon, 
located at first on Hawley street and afterwards on Eldredge ; 
James O'Neil, who began on Water street in 1875 ; W H. Voor- 
hees, who located at the corner of State and Hawley streets in 
1875; A. L. Davis, corner Washington and Susquehanna streets, 
and Cornelius VanPatten, on Vestal avenue. There are several 
other firms engaged in repairing and making wagons, sleighs, 
etc. 

The Binghamton Soap and Candle Works was formerly well 
known as Meaghley's Soap Works. It was established in 1867 
by Ford & Meagley. Mr. Meagley became sole proprietor in 
1871 and two years later built the works which he successfully 
carried on until his death. The only soap factory now in op- 
eration is that of H. E. Parmalee, located at 6 Lewis street, who 
does but a small business 

The Binghamton Hoe and Tool Co. was organized in 1850, 
with J. J. Worden, president; T. R. Morgan, treasurer; George 
Whitney, secretary. L. BoUes soon became superintendent. 
The L. BoUes Hoe and Tool Co. was established in 1861, and 
soon had an annual output of 8,000 doien 

The Binghamton Glass Works, located on McLean street, 
were incorporated in 1860. Five years later the industry had 
grown to such an extent that eighty-five men were employed, 
with a pay roll of .$6,000 per month Green and amber glass- 
ware, as well as ordinary white glass, is manufactured, and the 
the business is still prosperou;. 

The Binghamton Oil Refining Co. was formed in 187S, suc- 
ceeding the 'Continuous Oil Refining Co " J. S. Wells if presi- 
dent of the company, and E. E. Kattell, secretary and treasur- 
er. The company manufactures a large quantity of lubricating 
oil, etc. 

o 

BANKS. 

The banksof.thecity of Binghamton have been ably conduct- 
ed and passed through the great financial crisis of the country 
a few years ago with a record unequalled by those of any other 
city. In 1894 this city witnessed a great disaster by the failure 
of the Chenango Valley Savings Bank and the Broome County 
National Bank, both ofiicered about the same and largely under 
the control of Tracy R. Morgan and D. L. Brownson. About 
the same time the Merchants National Bank and the Ross 
Bank, both controlled by the Rosses, failed. A great many 
poor people lost their savings which they had stored in these 
banks. Before this, in 1842, the Binghamton Bank had failed. 
This bank had only been organized three years and failed not 
through mismanagement, but rather because it could not get 
sufficient business to support it, the Broome County National 
Bank, which had been organized in 1832, doing nearly all the 
banking business of the village. This bank was chartered with 



a capital of $100,000, with Myron Merrill the first president, and 
Gary Murdock cashier. Mr. Murdock retained his office until 
1841, when he was supereeeded by Tracy Morgan, who has been 
cashier for over fifty years or until the bank passed into the 
bands of O U. Kellogg as receiver. The bank was organized as 
a state bank in 1855, and as a national bank in 1865. 

The Susquehanna Valley Bank was organized in 1854 with 
a capital of $100,000. Sherman D. Phelps was the first presi- 
dent. In 1884 James W. Manier was elected president, and 
Arthur Griffin cashier, and still hold these positions. The bank 
now has a surplus of $40,000. 

The First National Bank was organized in 1864, with Abel 
Bennett as president, and George Pratt cashier. Mr. Bennett 
resigned in 1884, and F. T. Newell was elected in his place. Mr. 
Pratt also was succeeded by John Manier. This bank has a 
capital of $200,000, and a surplus of $100,000. 

The Binghamton Savings Bank was incorporated in 1867. 
Horace A. Griswold was the first president, Harris G. Rogers 
treasurer. W. H, Wilkinson is now president and Charles W. 
Gennett treasurer. This bank has upwards of one million dol- 
lars on deposit, largely made up of the savings of the laboring 
class. 

The Chenango Valley Savings Bank was incorporated in 
n 1855. The bank was organized in 1867, and S.C.Hitchcock 
was chosen president and Sherman D. Phelps treasurer. One 
year later Mr. Hitchcock resigned and Sherman D. Phelps was 
elected president. Reference has already been made of the 
failure of this bank. It has resumed business with George A. 
Kent as president, and Henry Marean secretary. 

The Merchants National Bank was organized in 1874 with 
Erastus Ross, president, and Geo. M. Burr, cashier. T. T. Mer- 
sereau and Horace Griswold afterwards served as cashiers, and 
were finally succeeded by F. E. Ross, who was cashier at the 
time the bank collapsed. George W. Dunn is the present re- 
ceiver of the bank. 

The Binghamton Trust Co. occupies quarters in the Strong 
block corner State and Henry streets. It has a capital of $400,- 
000; C. J. Knapp is president; H. W. Crary, vice-president; 8. 
Hammond, secretary; A. J. Schlager, treasurer ; Jacob Wiser, 
cashier. 

The Strong State Bank is located near the Trust Co. This 
bank was organized as a state bank in 1895, with a capital of 
$100,000 ; surplus, $25,000. Cyrus Strong, Jr., is president; C. 
M. Strong, cashier. 

B. H, Nelson & Son, private bankers, are located in the 
Nelson block, corner Chenango and Eldredge streets. 

The City National Bank was organized in 1852 and reorgan- 
ized in 1865 ; capital, $200,000; surplus, $40,000. John B. Van 
Name is president ; Hartwell Morse, cashier. 

The People's Bank was organized in 1895, capital, $100,000. 
W. H. Wilkinson is president; W. E. Taylor, vice president; G. 
W. Ostrander, cashier. 

The Binghamton Safe Deposit Co., is located at 51 Wash- 
ington street, capital, $10,000. F. T. Newell is president, and 
John Manier secretary and.treasurer. 



5S 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 







^ 


^Sh 








,1 

1 




1 


1 


" 


1 




P 



J 



OHN G. ORTON, M. D., one of Binghamton's most able physi- 
cians, was born at Seneca Falls, N. Y., in 1827. He was grad- 
uated from the LTniversity of New York in 1853, and began 
the practice of medicine in this city the following year, where his 
commanding ability soon won for him recognition as a leader in his 
profession, a position he has ever since retained. He is a member of 
the Broome County Medical Society, was one of the founders of the 
New York State Medical Society, of which he was the first vice-pres- 
ident, is a member of the American Public Health Association, the 
American Association for the Cure of Inebriates, and several other 
medical organizations. 

As a scholar. Dr. Orton ranks high in his profession, and among 
the scientists of the country. He was the discoverer of the method of 
decomposing water by means of the galvanic current, and has made 
important discoveries connected with the munufacture of gun cotton. 

Dr. Orton is also an able and fluent writer, and has contributed 
many valuable papers and essays to the literature of his profession. 
He has taken a great interest in all philanthropic enterprises, and was 
the founder of the Binghamton Orphan Asylum, and is prominent in 
the management of several charitable institutions. He is a director of 
the.Hinghamton Savings Bank, a member of the Board of Education. 
and is prominent in the business and social life of the city. 





DR. JOHN O. ORTON, BINGHAMTON, N. Y. 

CHARLES R. SEYMOLUi, M. D., was born at Albany, 
N. Y., March 11. 1.S70, the son of Edward W. and 
Harriet G. Seymour. He came to Binghamton with 
his parents in 1878, and entered the Binghamton High School. 
Graduating from this school, he entered the Albany Medical 
College, from which he was graduated with high honors in 
1893. Dr. Seymour immediately commenced the practice of 
medicine in this city, and although one of the youngest of the 
profession, yi't lie is rapidly building up a large practice. 



FRANK Ellsworth 
Slater, M. D., one 
of Binghamton's 
]irominent piiysicians, is 
a descendant of one of 
the pionceis of Broome 
county. Ira Slater came 
from Now England and 
settled in the town of 
Triangle, where he re- 
sided until he died. He left one son, Dea. .Milo Slater, the lather of tin- sub- 
ject of this sketch. His mother was Affa W. Dudley, of Mehoopany, Pa., a 
descendant of the Dimmick family, and a niece of Judge Dimmick of .Susque- 
hanna county, and a niece of Rev. Davis Dimmick, one of the founders of the 
i'irst Baptist Church of this city. Dr. Slater is a graduate of the Binghamton 
High School, the Fredonia State Normal School and the Ihiiversity of New 
York. He studied under Dr. L. !'. Blair of McDonough, N. Y., and opened 
an office in this city at the corner of Oak and Lydia streets, where has built up a large practice. He was elected a 
school commissioner in iSy,^, and an alderman in 1894. He is a member of Malta Commandery, Otseningo Lodge 
F. & A. M.. and Nevada Tribe ]. O. R. M. 




DR. CHARLE3 R. SKN lot k' , KINCiH AH FON. N. Y. 



DR. FRANK E. SLATER. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



99 



MEDICAL PROFESSION. 

From 1790 to 1800 various laws were passed in the state of 
New York regulating the practice of medicine In 1897 a law 
was passed requiring physicians to study two years. 

The Broome County Medical Society has been in existence 
since 1806. It boasts of being one of the first organizations of 
the kind in the state. On July 4th, 1806, the following doctors 
of medicine assembled at Chenango Puint: Phineas Bartholo- 
mew, D. A. Wheeler, Lewis Allen, Ezra Heymour, Jonathan 
Gray, and Elihu Ely. Their object was to organize a medical 
society. Daniel Wheeler was elected president ; Ezra Seymour, 
vice president ; Elihu Ely, secretary; Jonathan Gray, modera- 
tor; Chester Lusk, treasurer, Drs. Phineas Bartholomew, Elihu 
Ely, Chester Lusk and Lewis Allen were appointed a committee 
to draft by-laws and report at next meeting. At the next ses- 
sion on July 30th, of the same year, these by-laws were approv- 
ed and three censors were chosen, Drs. Samuel Barclay, Ches- 
ter Lusk and Jesse Hotchkiss. Chester Lusk was chosen a del- 
egate to the State Medical Society, which was to convene at 
Albany the following February. The following are the names 
of the presidents of this society since its organization : 

Daniel A. Wheeler, 1806-12. S. H. French, 2d. 1868-69. 

Chester Lusk, 1812-23. J. H. Crittenden, 1869-70. 

Tracy Robinson, 1823-36. I. C. Edson, 1870-71. 

Pelatiah B Brooks, 1836-38. James Brooks, 1871-72. 

Silas West, 1838-39. C. R. Rogers, 1872-73. 

O. T. Bundy, 1839-40. A. W. K. Andrews, 1873-74. 

S. D. Hand, 1840-42. H. C. Hall, 1874-75. 

S. H. French, 1842-44. L. D. Witherill, 1875-76. 

George Burr, 1844-45. Walter Brooks, 1876-77. 

A. P. Bronson, 1845-46. S. P. Allen, 1877-78. 

P. B.Brooks, 1846-49. C. G. Estabrooks, 1878-79. 

S. M. Hunt, 1849-50. C. W. Greene, 1879-80. 

S. H. French, 1850-51. A. F. Taylor, 1880-81. 

Thomas Johnson, 1851-52. C. B. Richards, 1881-82. 

S. H. French, 1852-54. Dwight Dudley, 1882-83. 

George Burr, 1854-56. Daniel S. Burr, 1883-84. 

John G. Orton, 1856-57. John W. Booth, 1884-85. 

E. Daniels, 1857-58. F. W. Putnam, 1885-86. 

8. H. Harrington, 1858-59. S. F. McFarland, 1886-87. 

E. G. Crafts, 1859-60. H. F. Beardsley, 1887-88. 

P. M. Way, 1860-61. D. P. Jackson, 1888-89. 

W. S. Ciriswold, 1861-«2. John M. Farrington, 1889-90. 

I. D. Meacham, 1862-63. W. A. Moore, 1890-91. 

William Voorhes, 1863-64. E. A. Pierce, 1891-92. 

William Bassett, 1864-65. R. A. Seymour. 1892-93. 

George Burr, 1865-66. L. 1). Farnham, 1893-94. 

L. Griffin, 1866-67. E. L. Smith, 1893-95. 

C. R. Heaton, 1867-68. 
The present officers of the society are: president, Dr. E. L. 
Smith ; vice-president. Dr. C. G. Wagner ; secretary. Dr. John 
Leverett; treasurer. Dr. E. H. Wells ; censors, Drs. J. H. Chit- 
tenden, J. G. Orton, J. M. Farrington, R. A. Seymour and A. G. 
Taylor. 



The Broome County Homeopathic Medical Society was or- 
ganized February 4, 1863, Dr. Titus L. Brown being the first 
president, and Dr. C. F. Millspaugh, secretary. The society al- 
so includes the homeopathic physicians in Tioga county. The 
present officers are: president. Dr. C. T. Haines; vice-president, 
Dr. G. H. Jenkins ; secretary and treasurer. Dr. C. W. Adams. 

Among the early physicians of the city of Binghamton, we 
mention the followin*; as prominently connected with its devel- 
opment : 

Dr. Phineas Bartholomew a native of Coxsackie, who came 
to the old village of Chenango Point, and from thence to Bing- 
hamton in 1803. He was a skilled physician, rough in his man- 
ner, but with a sympathetic heart. After a few years he re- 
turned to his old home in Coxsackie. 

Dr. Elihu Ely came from Lyme, Conn., in 1805, and for for- 
ty-six years was an enterprising business man and good physi- 
cian. He opened the first drug store in the city, and started 
the first iron works. He laid aside the practice of medicine in 
1832, and devoted his entire attention to his large business and 
real estate interests. 

In 1810 Dr. Tracy Robinson came to Binghamton from Co- 
lumbus, Chenango county. Dr. Robinson was identified with 
many of the early interests of the city. Soon after coming here 
he opened a drug store ; later he sold this business to Dr. Doub- 
leday and embarked in the dry goods business. For three years 
he was in the newspaper business, and in 1819 he went into the 
old "Binghamton Hotel," which he owned for ten years. At 
the adoption of the new constitution in 1822 he was appointed 
the first judge of Broome county, holding the office until 1833, 
when he was appointed postmaster. His useful life came to an 
end in 1867. 

Another physician prominent in the early history of the 
city was Dr. Ammi Doubleday, who came in 1813, from Lebanon,. 
Columbia county. He first engaged in the drug trad«, but soon 
gave it up to devote himself entirely to his practice. In 1817 he 
was appointed county clerk, which office he held four years. 
Soon after this he suddenly dropped his profession and embark- 
ed in various financial enterprises, in all of which he was re- 
markably successful. He was the constructing contractor on 
two sections of the Erie Railroad, and for a section of the Cro- 
ton Water Works. In 1852 he organized the Bank of Bingham- 
ton, and was its president until his death in 1867. 

Dr. Silas Wtst came in 1823 from Oneida county, and for 
many years was an honored member of the medical fraternity 
of the city. Dr. Stephen D. Hand, Dr. Nathan S. Davis, Dr. 
Edwin Eldredge, Dr. Charles Johnson, Dr. Thomas Jackson and 
Dr. Horace Griswold were prominent practicing physicians 
some fifty years ago. Dr. George Burr, who came to Bingham- 
ton from Union in 1843, was a physician of more than local fame. 
He was a lecturer for many years at the Geneva Medical Col- 
lege, and the author of many standard medical works. 

Among the leading physicians of the present day in the city 
we mention the following: Dr. John G. Orton, Dr. Frank E. 
Slater and Dr. Charles R. Seymour, of whom brief sketches are- 
made on the opposite page. 



^6o 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



Dr. John Wesley Cobb, was born in Middletown, September 
7tb, 1838, and is the son of Zipron and Sarah M. Cobb. He was 
educated for the medical professioD at the Albany Medical 
College, and commenced the practice of medicine in 1859. In 
1862 he passed an examination at the University of Pennsylva- 
nia, and served as a surgeon in the war of the Rebellion during 
1862-63, being in charge of a general hospital near Fredericks- 
burg, Va., during the winter of 1863. He is a member of Wat- 
rous Post, G. A R., and of the Union Veterans' League of this 
city. Dr. Cobb is now located at 21 Court street, where he has 



enjoyed a large practice for the past eighteen years. 

Charles E. Webster, M. D., was born at Wood's Holl, Mass., 
June 18, 1856. He was educated at the Binghamton Central 
High School, and took a complete medical course at the Har- 
vard Medical College. After graduating from Harvard Dr 
Webster commenced the practice of medicine in Cook county 
111., residing in Chicago, where he remai led until 1890, when he 
removed to 73 Chenango street, this city, where he has estab- 
lished a lager practice. 



■^ -i 




DR. CHARLES W. CARPENTER, BINGHAMTON, N. Y. 



DR. CHARLES W. CARPENTER was born at 
Clinton, Wyoming county, Pa., August 26, 1S46, 
and is the son of Benjamin and Elizabeth Brown 
Carpenter. He was educated at the Wyoming Seminary 
and commenced the study of medicine in 1867, attend- 
ing three courses of lectures at the Bellevue Hospital 
Medical College, from which he graduated. He then 
returned to his native town. Clinton, and established 
himself in the practice of his profession, which he fol- 
lowed for eighteen years. In 1879-80 he took an addi- 
tional course at Bellevue Hospital, during which time he 
had charge of the surgical department for out-door poor, 
under Prof. J. D. Bryant. Again he returned to Clin- 
ton, where he practiced until 1891, when he removed to 
Binghamton, locating at 74 Court street. Dr. Carpen- 



'^■'^i^-'mf'^m^my laz- 
ier enjoys a large practice, and is also the proprietor of 
Dr. Carpenter & Co., manufacturers of Blood and Rheu- 
matic Syrup. 

o 




DR. r. H. McFARLAND, BINQHAHTON, N. Y. 



DK. V. 11. McFARLAXD, the well-known optician, 
i> a son of Dr. S. F. McFarland, the oculist. For 
nine years Dr. McFarland has been making a reputation 
for himself by strict attention to business, honest dealing 
and good work. When he began his business the grind- 
ing of lens was not done in this city, but Dr. McFarland 
now has a fully equipped laboratory for the grinding and 
drilling of lens for both ordinary and frameless specta- 
cles, thus enabling him to fill all optical prescriptions and 
do all repairing promptly. His office is at 76 Front St., 
where he gives his attention to the accurate filling of op- 
tical prescriptions from 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



HOTELS. 

A passing allusion has already been made to the old Lewis 
Keller Inn, which was built in 1801 and previous to that date 
was kept at "Chenango Point's" first site. Two years later 
Thomas Whitney opened a hotel in the LeRoy building on 
Court street. This building which also contained the store of 
Whitney & Woodruff was destroyed by fire two years later. 
The most noted of these early hotels was the one erected in 
1809 by David Browrson and known as ''Peterson's Tavern," 
from its landlord Samuel Peterson who kept it many years. It 
was afterwards called Chenango House, and was located where 
the Congregational church now stands. This hotel was destroy- 
ed by Are in 1859, having enjoyed a period of prosperity and 
patronage for fifty years. Colonel Abbott and Lewis Squires 
built the Broome County House in 1828. This stood where the 
present Exchange Hotel is now located. It was burned in 1838, 
and was soon after rebuilt and called the Phcenix Hotel until 
1842 when the name was changed to Exchange Hotel. Since 
that time it has received many improvements. 

The old Binghamton Coffee House was built in 1819 with 
Dr. Tracy Robinson and Mr. Augustus Morgan as first proprie- 
tors. Later the name was changed to the American and from 
that to the Cafferty House. The building stands on the south- 
east corner of Court and Water streets. The present Coffee 
House is located on State street and is under the management 
of the W. C. T. U. 



The old Ways Hotel was located on Court street opposite 
the Centenary M. E. Church. The name was changed to Cran- 
dall House and the old building has been replaced by a hand- 
some brick building. 

The Franklin House was built in 1867 on Washington street 
and has been since replaced by a handsome brick block. 

The Chenango House on Water street was first called the 
Cafferty House ; it has been built over thirty years and recent- 
ly been largely improved. Around this are located many other 
hotels, some of which have been built for many years. This 
locality contained the first principal residences of the city. 
Washington street at an early day was aback lane and consid- 
ered of no importance. 

The Mersereau House was the first one built near the de- 
pot. This was rebuilt into the Spaulding House which will be 
remembered by the most of our citizens. It was removed to 
make way for the D. L. & W. Ry. in 1883. 

The Lewis House was built in 1849 or soon after the Erie 
railroad was opened. William Shanley bought the property in 
1873 and has improved it somewhat. 

Hotel Bennett was built by Hon. Abel Bennett in 1881. It is 
a large well fitted up hotel. There are over 60 other hotels in 
the city, many accomodating only a few boarders and depend- 
ing largely on their bar. Five of the first-class ones have 
nearly all the patronage of the travelling public. 





HOTEL BENNETT, W ASHINOTON ST., BINQHAMTON, N. Y. 



THE "COSY CAFE." 



This pleasant little hotel is located at i6 
Ferry street and is conducted on the Euro- 
ean plan. Mr. C. S. Fowler is the pro- 
prietor, and has established a restaurant 
second to none in the city. His tables are 
provided with all seasonable delicacies, 
game etc., and the establishment is rightly 
named, the "Cosy Cafe." 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 




. . . The Arlington, . . . 

BINQHAHTON, N. Y. 

The I^eading Hotel of the City. 

This new ami elegant hotel is pleasantly loca- 
ted at the corner of Chenango and Lewis sts., 
where its convenience to the depots and to the 
business portion of the city makes it a favorite 
with the traveling public. The proprietors, 
Messrs. Kennedy & Tierney, have spared no ex- 
pense in fitting up their house, and everything 
demanded by luxurv or comfort has been pro- 
vided, lis rates are from $3.00 to !i!3.oo per day. 




. . Hotel Crandall, . . 

BINGHAMTON, N. Y. 

Hotel Crandall is located on Court street, 
in the business centre of the city, and has 
long been a most popular hostelry. It has 
recently been newly fitted up by the pro- 
prietors, Ferguson & Scanlin, who are \ ery 
popular among their patrons. (Juests are 
taken to and from all trains in a free 'bus. 
and every elTort is made by the courteous 
proprietors to provide for the comfort and 
pleasure of tlie public. Rates $3.00 per day. 
$1,35 to theatrical people. 




BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



103 




RESIDENCE OF Q. A. BARLOW, 56 FRONT STREET, BINOHAMTON, N. Y. 



-I04 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED, 




RESIDENCE OF HIRAM H. PECK, 98 HAIN STREET, BINQHAMTON, N. Y. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 

The Wholesale Paper Trade. 



•05 




STEPHENS & COMPANY'S PAPER STORE, 85-87 STATE STREET, BINGHAMTON. N. Y. 



THE wholesale paper business in Binj^hamton was 
established in iSSi by ex-mayor F. H. Stephens, 
who in that year organized the firm of Stephens & 
Miller. Mr. Stephens had been conne'ted with the ac- 
tive business interests of the city since 1859, and since 
1862 had conducted a retail book and stationery store on 
Court street. The business of jobbing paper and station- 
ery which now occupied his attention, opened a success- 
ful Held through New York state and northern [Pennsyl- 
vania, and after moving twice to accommodate the de- 
mands of increasing business, was in 1SS9 located in the 
present commodious quarters at 85 and 87 State street. 
Here the firm was succeeded by the present firm of 
Stephens & Company, composed of Hon. F. H. Stephens, 
and his son, Henry A. Stephens, who had been connected 
with the concern since 1884. The splendid store in the 
Kent block, double store, five floors and basement, has 
made a commodious and convenient home for the estab- 
ment, and the rapid growth of State street with its fine 
modern blocks, has made the location one of the finest 
in the city. 

The first floor of the store contains the office, and is 
devoted largely to the retail department, the firm hand- 
ling wall paper largely, and making a specialty of fine 



styles of paper hangings, as well as the cheaper grades 
which are now largely in demand. Window siiades and 
room mouldings are sold in connection with the wall pa- 
per, and these lines make up a considerable business in 
themselves. Blank books and office supplies of all de- 
scription, typewriter paper and material, .school books 
and school supplies, and an immense line of stationery, 
embracing the latest styles and tints of fine writing pa- 
pers, are all to be found on this floor. The big basement 
is tilled with wrapping papers, building and roofing pa- 
pers, news and printing papers, and twines of all kind, 
which close relations with various mills enable the firm 
to handle at mill prices. The upper floors are occupied 
by a stock of paper sacks, butter trays, oyster and ice 
cream pails, and grocers' supplies ; book paper, poster 
paper and the various papers demanded for the printer's 
trade, and one floor is almost entirely taken up with the 
stock of wall paper and window shades. Holiday goods 
and novelties, base ball goods, flags, etc., are handled in 
their season, and go to make up a business which has 
been closely identified witii the growth and prosperity of 
the city, and is a credit alike to the town and to the en- 
ergy and enterprise of this firm. 



JO>> 



BROOME COUNTY ILLU.STRATED. 



The BOSTON STORE, Binghamton, N. Y. 



11 






<\', 



fe 




"FIFTEE/S gEAT^S HAVE WE LABQ-RE-D." 












IN 1880 the Boston Store entered as a competitor tor 
the patronage of traders in Binghamton and every 
surrounding town and hamlet. 

Tn 1895 it is the largest dry goods store in this section. 

Business integrity, capital and experience have com- 
bined in creating a popular impression and making this 
the general trading centre of the people. 

It is everybody's store, and all have learned to be at 
home, to feel at ease and roam around at will. 

For many reasons this store is interesting. It illustra- 
tes in full tlie advanced methods of merchandising, un- 
surpassed values, liigh standard (|ualities, variety of goods 
and remarkable low prices on evt'r\ article. 



Make us a visit ; you are welcome as sightseers with- 
out being purchasers. You will recognize the merit of 
our stock and be introduced to lower prices than would 
be possible to picture in your imagination. 

Every department represents a stock full to overflow- 
ing, and styles up to date. 

\\'ith the changing seasons you can watch every line 
of merchandise grow in magnitude, later diminish, then 
wonder how it is possible [to maintain^ so interested a 
crowd of busy buyers over three hundred days in every 
year. I'^xperience is the most reliable teacher, and we 
lia\e learned the lesson well. 



mil- FOWLER, DICK 



& WALKER,-ill 



Leaders of Low Prices and Latest Creations in 

Dry and Faincy Goods, NotnoMs, Cloaks, Maaiiinery,-^^-^-^^ 

#^#"^#^^^065, Wall Paper, Books, Stataonery amd IKotcll-seoware. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



'07 




RESIDENCE OF B. R. PIKE, 5 QOETHE STREET, 
BINCiHAMTON, N Y. 



'o8 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



The Board of Trade of Binghamton, N. Y= 



By E. M. Tierncy, President of the Board. 



The advantages of a live, up-to-date Board of Trade to the 
municipality cannot be very vfell systematically enumerated in 
a limited space, but this much I will say, that there are innu- 
merable ways in which a Board can materially increase the 
financial and business interests of the people of any town or 
city where an active and harmonious Board is successfully or- 
ganized. The usefulness of a Board must not be altogether 
measured by its activity in fostering and developing new in- 
dustries. 

There is a generally accepted belief that this phase of its 
work is usually considered its chief function, and it is very often 
reckoned as the only gauge for its effectiveness in promoting 
the welfare of a place. This is not, however, always true, for 
the province of the Board can be extended so as to admit of its 
interference or cooperation on all mutters of local interest 
which are in any way destined to promote the weal and pros- 
perity of the whole people. 

The Board can work a wholesome influence in shaping the 
proper administration of muiicipal affairs: in advocating need- 
ed improvements ; in regulating local taxation; in adjusting 
transportation rates for merchandise and manufactured com- 
modities generally ; in settling all controversies arising out of 
labor disturbances, and in adjustingdifferences among its mem- 
bers ; in disseminating, far and wide, the attractions and facili- 
ties of the town for manufactories, etc , with a view of inviting 
foreign capitalists to locate their business there. 

All these subjects are proper and relevant for the consider- 
ation of a Board of Trade. Another very commendable feature 
growing out of a prosperous Board, is to be found in the per- 
sonal associations engendered among its members, which is 
productive of closer friends-hips and a higher regard for in- 
dividual interests as well as for the social and business welfare 
of the entire community. 

The Board of Trade may by conservative action become an 
influential factor in sustaining a high order of municipal gover- 
ment. There is a growing conviction that the enforcement of 
law, the conduct of municipal business and the improveinent of 
the city are at all times up to the standard set by public opinion. 

The Board of Trade should have no aim that is not consis- 
tent with and contributory to the advancement and solidarity of 
the public welfare and its influence and usefulness should de- 
velop and expand in keeping with the progress and extension of 
our beautiful and prosperous city. 

With the progress of time, the Board should become more 
and more an inseparable part of the commercial, industrial and 
educational interests of our city, at least to the extent of con- 
tributing to and receiving from them all,as their representatives 
baing iheir experience and thought into its councils and there- 



in evolve many new ideas of utilitarian propensity, only to 
again return to their pursuits enriched through a more liberal 
enlightenment, resulting from the interchange of opinions with 
their fellow members. 

The persistent energy of the Board can accomplish much 
toward crystaliiing a sentiment among our citizens in favor of 
a wider interest in progressive local measures, a stronger faith 
in the advantage to the city of united work and action, and the 
necessity of having and maintaining an organization so well es- 
tablished that it will invite the active and earnest interest of 
every business man. Individual interest can do something, but 
organized effort alone will accomplis-h the desired results. 

The frequent meeting together of any intelligent and patri- 
otic body of citizens to propound and discussbusiness questions, 
to investigate business propositions, and to consider the effect 
of public measures on the well-being of the city, is of itself of 
great importance, and has an influence for the general good of 
the whole people If our business men would take a more lib- 
eral and unselHsh view of these questions, and devote more 
thought and time to public affairs, they would not only contrib- 
ute to individual success in business, but they would also help 
to increase the value of properly investinent. 

The present generation must plan for a greater Bingham- 
ton in the future than our forefathers had any conception of. 
The future greatnes-i of our Board of Trade, as well as that of 
our city, will be largely measured by the degree of energy, en- 
terprise and self-sacrificing spirit of the men of to-day. The 
high duty rests upon us of working out and evolving the desti- 
ny of our beloved city. We have a magnificent city, the Parlor 
City of the world, whose phenomenal and brilliant past is only 
to be transcended and eclipsed by its glorious future. 

With its central location as a shipping point; its widely di- 
versified wealth ; its fine public buildings ; its present and con- 
stantly increasing material possibilities ; its freedom from en- 
tangling municipal controversies that cause unrest and suspi- 
cion among the people ; its high health standard ; its low death 
rate ; its insigniflcant bonded indebtedness; its low tax rate ; 
its clean and well-paved streets, which have gained for us an 
enviable reputation for thrift and cleanliness, and which are 
being constantly improved; its unsurpassed and modernly 
equipped and efficient fire department; its superb educational 
facilities for the instruction of the youth ; its high public credit 
at home and abroad : its high standard of intelligence, integrity 
and morality ainong her whole people, which can always be re- 
lied upon as the bulwark of patriotic institutions and American 
citizenship. All these features and many others too, surely give 
to Binghamton the proud distinction of being one of the great- 
est cities on earth, and as we take a horoscope of its future we 
can neither see nor imagine of anything to prevent it from pro- 
gressing even beyond the horizon of the most sanguine expec- 
tations of its most enthusiastic inhabitant. 

The Board of Trade should at all times strive to uphold this 
high standard of poi)ularity for our city, through aggressive 
and original enterprise aloiig the lines of greater industrial im- 
provement and increased municipal wealth. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



109 



While much is expected from the Board by our citizens point out the way to our citizens wliere they and our city can 

they should themselves not lose sight of the fact that the Board be mutually benefited by pursuing the course outlined by the 

of itself will not be able to accomplish much without their co- Board. 

operation and liberal financial support. This fact is very patent The Board of Trade should not be allowed to wane and 

and is undeniably true, for the Board has not the right or retrograde, but it should be stlitngthened and suj ported by the 

authority to enter into any business transaction that would in- citizens of Binghamton in whose interests its work is always 

volve a legel or monetary responsibility upon its members. So applied with more or less success, 
therefore, as the Board cannot execute, it can only direct and 



BINQHAMTON AS A CITY. 

Binghamton was incorporated by a special act of the legis- 
lature passed April 9th. 1867. The first charter election was 
held in May of the same year. Abel Bennett was elected may- 
or, and the following aldermen were chosen : — 

1st ward— Geo. W. Lester and John T. Whitmore. 

2nd " — Amos G. Hull and Frederick A. Morgan. 

3rd " —Henry B. Ogden and Thomas AV. Waterman. 

4th " — Hiram Sanders and Isaiah Dunham. 

5th " — Daniel Lyons and Charles Stuart. 

Frederick A. Morgan was president of the council; Julius 
P. Morgan, clerk ; \V. W. Elliott, treasurer ; Stilomon Judd, fire 
marshall ; James Dillon, superintendent of streets. 

The following named gentlemen have served as mayor since 
the incorporation of the city: 



Abell Bennett, 1867. 
Jabez F. Rice, 1S6S. 
Job N. Congdon, 1869-70. 
AValton Dwight, 1871. 
Sherman D. Phelps, 1872. 
Benj. N. Loomis, 1873. 
D. M. Ilalbert, 1871. 
Charles McKinney, 1875. 
John Rankin, 1876. 
Charles Butler, 1877-78. 



Horace N. Lester, 1880. 
Duncan R. Grant, 1881. 
James K. Welden, 1882. 
John S. Wells, 1883. 
George A. Thayer, 1881-85. 
Joseph M. Johnson, 1886. 
George C. Bayless, 1887. 
Tracy R. Morgan, 1888. 
Frank H. Stephens, 1889-90. 
Benajdh S. Curran, 1891-92. 
George E, Green, 1893-97. 



James H. Bartlett, 1879. 

The board of city goverment is as follows: 

Mayor, Geo. E. Green. 

President of Common Council, William Mason. 



Board of Alderman : 
1st ward — Frank E. Slater. 
2nd " — James E. Northrup. 
3rd " —William ]\Iason. 
4th " —Paul A. Malles. 
5th " — James L. Talbot. 
6th " — Daniel Lyons. 
7th " — George L. Harding. 
8th " —Michael T. Garvey. 
9th " —Schuyler C. Brandt. 
lOlh ■' —James H. Tobin. 
ilth '■ —Edgar L. Bennett. 
I2th " —Reuben B. Jum.p 
13ih '• — Irving C. Hull, 
City Clerk, Lewis Seymour. 
City Attorney, Frank Stewart. 
City Treasurer, Ghas. P. Radeker. 
Recorder, James H. Roberts. 

Supt. of Streets and City Property, C. H. Montrose. 
City Engineer, S. E. Monroe. 
Chief Engineer Fire Department, Chas. N. Hogg. 
Sealer of Weights and Pleasures. M. W. Seeley. 
Janitor, John S. Woodrufif.l 
City Sexton, Michael Lloyd. 

Constables, George H. Hermans, Hiram D. Stoddard, Jabez 
J. Lewis. 

Assessors, C. D. Aldrich, John E. Wentz, Robert Brown. 
Justices of the Peace, Albert S. Barnes, W. E. Roberta, 




BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



Excelsior Clothing Co., Bin^hamton, N. Y 

103 and 105 Collier Street, (Old Post=()ffice Block 1 




INTERIOR VIEW OF STORE DURING BUSINESS HOURS. 



THE Excelsior Clothinfj; Co. is om- of l^ingliaiiiti>n's 
most flourishing mercantiit- enterprises and is tiic 
leader in its own line. The firm occupies the com- 
modious store, Nos. 103 and 105 Collier street, and also 
has a large branch store at 325 East Water Street, Elmi- 
ra, N. V. The growtii ot the Excelsior Clothing Co. is 
merely a question of how far thev can impart knowledge, 
and when the people of l^roome county learn of the fair 
dealing of this firm, much of its present advertising will 
be unnecessary ; the more the public learns of its method 
of business, the more rapid will be its growth. 

Although this firm has only been located in Hing- 
hamton eighteen months, yet it has reached the front 
rank among the clothiers, and iin])artial observers give 
them the credit of leaders. Thev em])loy more salesmen 



in their men's and children":- departiiu-nt s t lian any other 
tirm in the city. The firm concentrates all its energy in 
handling of clothing, doing both a wholesale and retail 
business. They are very heavy purchasers, always em- 
bracing opportunities of buying large stocks when offered 
at low figures, and often buying the entire stock of a 
mamifactiirer. This fact enables the firm to offer many 
unsiupassed bargains to the public, saving their patrons 
money. All goods sold bv the Excelsior Clothing Co. 
ari" guaranteed as represented, or the cost is cheerfully 
refunded. .\nother popular feature introduced by this 
firm is the keeping in repair of all clothing sold by them 
under a guarantee, for the term of one year free ^of any 
char;;e. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



The Bartholomew Portrait House. 

54=58 Eldredge Street, Binghamton, N. Y. 






THE above cuts represent two well-known liusines,- men ot Binghamton, Messrs. (j. ). and ). \. Bartholomew 
proprietors of the Bartholomew Portrait House, located at 54-5S Eldredge street. These two gentlemen are 
natives of the Empire state, having been born at Etna, N. Y., and are the sons of Jesse and Nancy Griswold 
Bartholomew. They established their present business November ist, 1893, and have made for themselves an ex- 
cellent reputation for the high quality and superior finish of the work turned out by them. They emplov only the 
best artists, skilled in crayon and pastil work, and are doing a verv successful business. 



lyf^ 



--/Si^ 




FEW men are more closely connected with the growth and 
improvement of the " Parlor City " than Mr. Edward W. 
.Seymour, the well-known contractor and builder, and 
many monuments of his skill are scattered about the city in the 
shape of some of its most substantial structures. 

Edward W. Seymour is the son of Charles and Julia Bergeron 
Seymour, and was born at Albany, N. Y., July i^th, 1846. He 
received his education at the Albany Normal School, and em- 
barked in business in this city in 1S93, with an office and shop 
at 191 State street. Among the buildings erected by him are 
the Mt. Prospect Mill.s, on Water street, owned by S. Mills Ely, 
the Bayless Paper Mills, etc. Mr. Seymour is a most energetic 
and enterprising man, and a citizen of whom his city may well 
be proud. 



EDWARD W. SEYMOUR, BINOHAMTON, N. Y. 



BROOME COUNTY I LLUSTRA ri:i ). 



George L. Harding, 



Buyer of Hides, Skins, Haw Furs, Tallow, and Manufacturer of Fertilizers, 

aOS WATER STREET, BINGHAMTON, N. Y. 



ONE of the commercial landmarks of this city is the above mentioned 
enterprise, which for over half a century has contributed greatly 
to the wealth and reputation of Binghamton. It was founded in 
1S36 at Albion, Mich., Mr. Lowell Harding removing to this city in May, 
1S39, since which time it has been continuously conducted by Mr. Harding 
and his sons, Theodore and George L. Harding, the former having been as- 
sociated with his father from 186S to 1876, the latter having been admitted 
to an interest in the business during the year 1S7S. The premises occupied 
for the business are embraced in one of the most complete and convenient 
establishments of its kind in the country. It is a handsome four-story and 
basement building, 32x100 feet in dimensions, erected in 1S91 and owned 
by Mr. Harding. In 1892, after an honored and eventful business career 
of over fifty years, the elder Mr. Harding retired, leaving the whole 
business to his son, George, who wilh enlarged facilities is prepared for 
business from the i;round floor up. The operations ot the house embraec 
the collection and purchase of hitles and skins of all kinds, raw furs and tal- 
low, which are procured from the producing centers of the country and are 
shipped to the trade in Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Buffalo and Tren- 
ton chiefly. The highest market prices are paid for anything in these 
lines and consignments from merchants and others are solicited. Mr. Geo. 
L. Harding covers a large territory, transacting an annual business that 
would do credit to much larger cities. In the buying and handling of 
raw furs, this house stands among the largest and best known in the state. 




Soon after assuming tull control ot the 
above mentioned business, Mr. Harding 
purchased a farm just west of the city, on 
the Vestal road, erecting thereon a num- 
ber of substantial buildings tui the manu- 
facture of fertilizers. Onl\ the very best 
and most modern machinery has been pur- 
chased. The result of this last venture is 
tliat Mr. Harding is now prepared to fur- 
nish the farmer or gardener with a high 
grade vegetable fertilizer made from the ["" 
very best material and warranted a first 
class crop producer Anyone contemplat- 
ing the purchase of fertilizers would con 
suit their own interest bv calling at the 
store, J()5 Walii -treet and be satisfied as 
to the merits of this grade of goods. Bone- 
meal, grouiul bone and chicken feed also 
prepared at the alxne factory and on sale 
at reasonable prices. 




GEO. L. HARDING'S FERTILIZER WORKS. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



"3 



The Binghamton "Republican," 



The Republican is an iJistltution Uiat has grown up with 
the oountry. The weekly Kepuhlicaii was stai-ted in 18:22, up- 
on the western idea llmt every cross-roads ought to have n post 
office and newspaper, and Iry t ) be a county seat Broome 
county, like Chemung, is ati offshoot of Tioga county. Bing- 
hamton got its court liouse, which was a little frame building 
in the woods, in 1806. Elmira had to « ait until ISSti, notwith- 
standing she was an Indian capital when Columbus discovered 
America. The first daily published from the Republican office 
was the evening Express in 1848 In that year William Stuart 
purchased the Republican, and in connection with his brolher- 
in-law, Edwin T. Evans, started the daily Iris, which was after- 
wards called the daily Republican. Whether the name of the 
Express was changed to Iris, or whether the Express had gone 
to that newspaper bourne, etc., before the Iris was started, is 
now knov%n only by those old-time editors who have gone over 
to the majority. William Stuart was a native of Binghamton 
and like all Binghamtonians of his youthful days — he was born 
in his youth — had to be born in the woods or postpone the 
event until the land was cleared. As soon as he grew up he 
"went west, young man," settled on the prairie at a place called 
Chicago, got a post-office and started a daily paper called the 
American. But he was a man of a level head and didn't have 
much faith in the future of Chicago So he came back to Bing- 
hamton, wenti nto the newspaper business and prospered by the 
aid of the post-office which he found time to run for 
several years in connection with his printing business. In 1864 
Mr. Stuart, who was sole proprietor, leased the Republican to 
Carl Brothers ct Taylor under circumstances that were some- 
what peculiar. The Carls and Taylor who were printers in the 
office, and wanted a raise of salaries and regular pay days. 
War times were hustling prices up, and it took a precious wad 
of spot cash in forty-cents-in-a-dollar greenbacks to enable an 
economical family to flag the grocer and butcher for a week 
When the printers waited upon Mr. Stuart with demands that 
were quite uncommon enough now, he told them to take the 
d — d thing and pay themselves if they could pay more than he 
could. They took it and did well with it. They made it a 
charter member of the State Associated Press, increased the 
value of the plant and enabled Mr. Staurt to sell to good advan- 
tage to Mallette & Reid, who came here from New York in 1867. 
The Republican prospered in a conservative way under Mallette 
& Reid until 1876, when Mr. Mallette's health failed and he was 
obliged to retire. Then the Republican had its ups and downs 
which were principally downs, until 1878, when it was downed 
by mortgages and the sheriff in consequence of financial em- 
barrassments and other unpleasantnesses principally due to the 
fact that the men in control were not built for running news- 
papers. 

Charles M. Dickinson became the head and principal stock- 
holder of a new organization that took a bill of sale from the 



sheriff. Mr. Dickinson is a ma i of superior executive ability, 
which soon showed itself in a thorough reorganization of the 
Republican. Tlie balance sheet which had been so slauted that 
more ran out than came in. was set upon a new angle, so that 
more came in than went out. .\ccordiiig to the appearances of 
things the balance sheet remains very much upon that angle 
yet. The new building is one of the evidences, a fine and ex- 
pensive lithographic plant is another, ai;d a new Bullock per- 
fecting press will be another. The general growth of the paper 
and plant to accommodate its growing business, which has gone 
on without a break for twelve years, is evidence of skillful 
management and solid good work. Mr. Dickinson is sole pro- 
prietor, and has been for several years. The other stockholders 
parted company with him on the issue of building up the plant. 
They wanted dividends and he wanted growth. He bought 
them out at par, after they had paid ten per cent, dividends for 
several years, and they went their way rejoicing. He has man- 
aged the business to suit himself, and seems to be satisfied 
with the practical working of his newspaper ideas. 

The sole proprietor is editor-in-chief and chief business man- 
ager, and runs generalities and details through thorough organ- 
ization. He is a positive man, quick to make conclusions and 
firm in his decisions. A suggestion, whether fromhisown mind 
or the mind of another, is handled quickly and either adopted 
or shot on the spot. His lawyer education to think enough of 
his own opinions to fight for them is strong. His mind is a rare 
make-up of strong qualities of opposite directions, but well har- 
monized at the center. His first live was literature, for which 
he has excellent natural ability well cultured. His second turn 
was to the to the law. He read with Daniel S. Dickinson and 
was admitted to practice in 1865. In this profession he was suc- 
cessful, but owing to failing health from office confinement he 
was obliged to quit it. His attention was then turned to farm 
life to grow a new crop of health, and he was again successful. 
His home on South Mountain, a paradise of magnificent distan- 
ces and a well-appointed farm of 320 acres, is one of the results 
of his laying off to repair his health. The Muse which he wooed 
in his youth, or rather the Muse which wooed him, insists upon 
being courted. A volume of 150 pages, published a few years 
ago, is the result of this long intimacy which the man of many 
business affairs finds it difficult to abandon. His poems, which 
were passing under review by the press a year ago, contains 
more than the usual number of gems for a volume of its size. 
The famous "The Children," which was for a long time errone- 
ously credited to diaries Dickens, finds its home here as the 
chaperon of the younger children of the author's fancy. In 
prose work and editorial comments and arguments, Mr. Dick- 
inson is vigorous in thought and positive in expression. The 
lawyer education of arguing one side at a time asserts itself, 
though he always aims to be fair and candid, and above all 
things just. 



,iJ4 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



The Seed Trade. 



Binghamton, like other centers of a farming country, must 
necessarily handle more or less seed, and in this line it far sur- 
passes most cities of its size. Farm seeds until last season have 
been largely in the lead. Ahout one year ago (1894) the seed 
establishment of J. J. Bell was moved to this city from Flowers, 
N. Y., and being the only one in the city handling a full line of 
everything and issuing a catalogue for the general trade, we 
mention it first. 

J. J. Bell started his mammoth seed business while a boy 
attending school. As with many other farm boys, pennies were 
hard things to get, and he would gather at spare minutes flow- 
er seeds and when sent on long errands would sell a few to the 
people living along the road. In this way he accumulated suf- 
ficient to insert a two-line advertisement in the Sunday School 
Times, paying 60 cents for the same, and realizing in return 
several dollars. Elated with this success each succeeding sea- 
son he used still more advertising space, and when about six- 
teen years of age commenced to teach school during ihe win- 
ters. The putting up of seeds to fill the.^e orders in enrly years 
was done after the close of the day's work, whi^h wns usually 




J. J. BELL. BINdHAMTON, N. Y. 

after nine o'clock at night, and the work was carried on In his 
bedroom while the rest of the family were asleep. Each suceed- 
ing year marked a growth in the business and nearly every 
year it has more tlian doubled. From a few circulars and a 
small newspaper advertisement at first, the advertising depart- 



ment this season has printed over 175,000, catalogues and 
placed advertisements in several hundred of the leading papers 
and magazines of this country, Canada, Australia and New Zea- 
land. 

The shipping business has mostly been removed from Flow- 
ers, N. Y., and is now located at 15 Ferry St., Binghamton oc- 
cupingthe entire block The seed farms are still retained at 
Flowers. 

Everything new which possesses merit and every old Stan- 




f,- '^ 'If if v: -f -f" "1 



ft_-.'- 



dard variety of seed will be found in his catalogue, mailed 
free to all who apply. For example last season they listed over 
fifty varieties of Sweet Peas, forty varieties of Asters, thirty 
varieties of Pansies and other things in proportion. In vege- 
tables nothing worthy of notice is omitted, their entire list 
covering about 1,400 varieties. These seeds are all grown with 
special care in the sections where they develope the most per- 
fectly, the greatest of care is used to offer only the best and 
perhaps the whole secret of success is explained in this motto: 
"Highest in (Quality, Lowest in Price." 

Mr. Bell went to work at first believing that he could se- 
cure the people's patronage if he sold them for three or four 
cents a package as good or better seeds than they could secure 
elsewhere at five cents a package. 

Most of the seed in his catalogue i;- listed from two to five 
cents a package and are guaraniet-d to be at least equal to and 
in most cases better than those which customers pay double 
the amount for in other places. An invitation is extended to all 
to look at the stock and prices before buying or a catalogue 
can be had free by sending your address on a postal card to 



J. J. BELL, 

BINGHAMTON, N. 



r.KooMi-: L"()l'^■'I•^■ illustrated. 



"5 



The W hitney=Noyes Seed Company, 

Binghamton, N. Y. 



(31^1 1 (re 







..,| 



f 

If 



BINGHAMTON is the center of a very extensive- 
trade in Timothy and Clover seeds, and is one of 
the leading markets of the country for both do- 
mestic and export business. This fact is largely due to 
the extensive enterprise ui The Whitney-Noyes Seed 
Company. This company was incorporated in 18S3 and 
besides dealing largely in field seeds at wholesale, con- 
ducts a special business of cleaning Timothy and Clover 
into uniform grades that in purity are unequaletl, The 
complete separation of weed seeds involves processes so 
difficult, and machinery so original and various, that the 
business is necessarily a special and exceptional one. 

The World's Columbian Exposition gave this com- 
pany the "highest awards for Purity, Vitality and Per- 
fection of Grain, for both Clover and Timothy seeds," 
with special mention in the Judge's Report as follows : 

"Although The Whitney-Noyes Seed Company did 
not exhibit their seed cleaning machinery, and of course 
cannot be given an award on things not exhibited, yet 
from the appearance of the resulting clean seed (really 
X.\\e: finest and best of all exhibited aX. the Exposition) I 
judge that they have made -a. marked and decided advance 
in Seed Cleaning; dnd deserve special mention thereof." 

The company handles large quantities of seeds in 

car load lots, receiving them direct from the principal 



growing sections of the country, and distributing them 
to merchants in the eastern anil middle states and largely 
in Europe. Its chief specialty, however, is the produc- 
tion and sale of pure and uniform grades of seeds, and 
its brands are known as indicating the highest possible 
excellence in Field Grass Seeds, and are now so accept- 
ed by dealers and consumers. Until the institution of 
this company's business it was not possible to procure 
in any market Timothy or Clover seeds in quantities free 
from weed seeds, because until then such seeds were on- 
ly procurable by hand gathering. 

This company believes that its products areabsolute- 
1)- unequalled in the world ; that " the best goods are the 
cheapest," that "there is room at the top," and its aim 
is to command increasingly the patronage of tiie most 
intelligent buyers of seeds. 

Binghamton possesses great advantages as a favor- 
able location for the prosecution of an enterprise of 
this character, and with its trunk line railways, reaching 
out into every part of the great west, the seeds of all 
producing sections may naturally be shipped here and 
distributed to consumers in the most direct and favorable 
way. 



ii6 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



BARLOW, ROGERS & CO , Cigar Hanufacturers. 




Tins firm is one of the most widely known manufac- 
turers of cigars in the country, and stands at the 
head of the many concerns of like kind in the city. The 
house was founded in iSS:; and from the very start ha.s 
been a leader, both in (|ualily of L;oods and quantity man- 
ufactured. Mr. (j. H. iSarlow is now the sole proprietor 
of the business, the junior member of the firm, Mr. R. J. 
Rogers, having died in May. 1.S05. The tinn name is 
still retained, but is merely nominal. 

Barlow, Rogers & Co. have t'>.tablished a re|,utation 
for excellence that is recognized far and near, a fact that 
is shown by the history of several popular brands of their 



cigars. Introduced some twelve years ago, these brands 
have never been allowed to deteriorate from the original 
standard, but on the contrary, have been improved in all 
possible ways, with a result that at the present time near- 
ly the full capacity of the lirm is kept busy in the manu- 
facture of these brands. This is a feature of the trade 
that can be etiiuiUed by few firms. This firm's goods are 
so'd in nearly every city ii; llu- union, from Portland, Me. 
to .San I'rancisco, and lioin C'liica};o to New Orleans. 
Among their leading brands are the "Ked Seal," "Fire 
Brigade," "Cow Hoy," "Dispatch." "Ked Snapper," "Two 
Orphans" and ''CouiitrN Parson." 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



117 



QAYLORD & EITAPENC, Steam and Hot Water Heating, 

state and Henry Streets, Binghamton, N. Y. 



THE well-known firm of Gaj'lord & Eitapenc, whose 
establishment is the largest of its kind in this sec 
tion, was instituted in 1SS9 by its present proprietors. 
The firm occupies a large building at the corner of State 
and Henry streets, equipped with the latest and most 
improved machinery for the manufacture of everything 
pertaining to their business. Constant employment is 
given to about thirty mechanics. This firm has made a 
study of all systems of heating, and has made many im- 
provements in the furnaces and boilers used for hot air, 
steam or hot water heating. They have had erected the 

heating plants in hun- 
dreds of large build- 
ings in this city and 
neighboring places, 
and in many private 
residences. Estima- 
tes are promptly fur- 
nished on all work of 
this kind. This firm 
also carries a full line 
of plumbers' supplies, 
and are dealers in all 
kinds of iron piping, 
valves, gauges, engine 
^applies, etc. 














Hiii 






J 



Y^ 



£^ 



iiii \ 

•T if 



'ii 



WW. HEMINGWAY, 175 and 177 Washington street, is the proprietor of one the largest plumbing, steam 
and gas fitting establishments in the city. The business was founded in iSSo b)' Mason, Root & Co., who 
were succeeded by 1. W. Doubleday & Co., of which firm Mr. Hemingway was a member, and in 1S89 he 
assumed sole control of the business. The headquarters of the business are embraced in a double store and basement 
4'5xi3o feet in dimension'^, which is handsomely fitted up and attractively arr.anged anil contains a large and varied 
stock of goods, embracing parlor heating stoves, furnaces, ranges, tinware and kitchen furnishing goods, gas fixtures, 
plumbers' materials and supplies, and indeed everything in these various lines required by the public. ^ The house has 
the agency in Binghamton lor the Pease Economy Furnace, which is undoubtedly the best furnace for heating and 
ventilating dwellings, >chools, churches, stores, or other buildings. Mr. Hemingway has executed the plumbing, 
steam and gas fitting in very many private residences and public buildings in this city, and his trade in stoves and 
ranges is widely recognized as being a most important one. As a representative progressive house this one is a feat- 
ture of the trade resources of Binghamton, and is justly entitled to the prominence it has achieved in the exercise of 
its liberal business policy. 



ii8 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



F'^'^ 




HARRY F. LOWE, H. E , 

Rooms S7-S9 Wescott bid'g, 

and 42 Ackerman block, 
BINQHAriTON, N. Y. 
I'ake t?k-ViU(M. 



HARRY F. LOWE, mechanical engineer and certified teacher of 
mechanical drawing, steam engineering and short-hand, having 
graduated at the Wigan Mining and Mechanical College, Wigan, 
Lancashire, England. Previous to his arrival in New York, June 24, 
1893, he had filled the position of Assistant Mchanical Engineer four 
years with one of the largest engineering companies in England, (the 
Wigan Coal & Iron Co., limited,) having been in their employ for over 
eight years. Air. Lowe is now permanently located in Binghamton, 
and is principal of the Parlor City's mechanical school, and also a con- 
sulting engineer. His school is open from 9 a. m. to g. p. m. Lessons 
given on ascertaining the horse power of engines. Why work for twen- 
ty or thirty dollars a month when situations open up daily paying from 
$75 to $i-'o per month to men having the theoretical as well as practical 
knowledge of their trade .' He has every facility for assisting his 
students in obtaining situations. Terms reasonable. For particulars 
address him, or call and examine some of his students' drawings; 
they are his best recommendations. Lessons given by mail to out- 
iil-tn\s'n students. His numerous friends wish him every success. 




TA. CARMAN, the proprie- 
o tor of the above shoe shop, 
is a lifelong resident of Bingham- 
ton, having been born in this city 
May .50th, 18.15. He learned the 
boat and shoe trade in early life, 
and first established a business for 
himself in 1870, at 23S Court street. 
From here he moved to 180 Court 
street, and finally in 1893 to his 
present location on Chenango street 
opposite the Opera House. 





cakman's snoe snop, cmhnanuo si., binumamio.n, n. y. 



UKOUME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



"9 



Binghamton's Laundry Business. 



i 



^ 





l^,-.-.',--"7)/v<;.^>^ 



J. W. BROWN, LAUNDRVV.AN, BINOHAMION, N. V. 



T I III liistory ot' the Laundry business of this city 
properly begins with Mr. J. VV. Brown, who 
now owns and operates the largest laundry in 
tiio city. At various times in past years from ten to 
fifteen Chinese laundries have been located here, but 
they received but little patronage and at present only 
two or three remain. 

The Binghamton Steam Laundry and the Otsen- 
ingo Shiit Factory, of which Mr. J. \V. Brown is the 
founder and proprietor, together form the chief indus- 
try ot the kind in Binghamton. It is also one of the 
oldest establishments, the laundry department having 
l)eeii instituted in 1S72, and the shirt factory added in 
1S74. The business was started in the old Henry St. 
cliurch building, which stood where the Republican 
building now stands. The premises now occupied are 
the first floor and basement of the substantial four- 
story brick building erected by Mr. Brown in 18S7. 
The ct|uipment embraces all useful modern laundry 
machinery, and is operated by a 25-horse power steam 
engine. Employment is given to about twenty oper- 
atives. From the inception of the business the aim 
has been to do only first-class, honest work, and every 
detail and operation of the business has always been 
under the careful supervision of the proprietor in 
person. The result has been the establishment of a 
trade which is annually increasing, and which includes 
all the discriminating members of this community. 
Branch agencies have been established in nearly all 
.■,111 rounding towns. 



'mm 



THE BATES STEAM LAUNDRY, 115 Comt street, was opened in January, 1890, and has since built up a 
large and growing trade. The proprietor, Mr. (). ]. Bates, has had an experience in the business of over 
twenty years, and has recently added to his establishment all the modern improved machinery, over which 
he exercises personal supervision, with the result that only perfect work is turned out. This laundry makes a spec- 
iality of shirts, collars and cuffs, and have established a high reputation in this line. A comparison of the work 
with done here that of many others will result in making any investigator a permanent patron of this laundry. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



Prominent Citizens. 



Joseph P. Noyes. — In the year 1865 Mr. Joseph P. Noyes 
came to Binghamton, bringing with him a new industry. This 
may fairly be said to have been the beginning of that class of 
industries in Binghamton which require the use of the more 
delicate and finer class of machinery. 

Born in West Newbury, Ma?s., of Puritan stock, in direct 
descent from the party of settlers who first settled that town 
in 1630, he inherited the traits that were prominent in that an- 
cestry. The manufacture of combs was first begun in America, 
so far as we have any record, by the great-grandfather of Mr. 
Noyes, and the trade has been followed thus far in each genera- 
tion since. 

While the present Mr. Noyes was still a child however, his 
father removed to Newark, N. J., and after his father's death he 
came to Binghamton. In company with his older brother, Mr 
E. M. Noyes, he purchased mill property here, and in addition 
to bis manufacturing business, has made prominent improve- 
ments along the Chenango river front. 

While prominent in church and charitable organizations, 
he has never sought public office, but was for four years a mem- 
ber of the Board of Education. His natural tastes tend very 
strongly toward the production of fine machinery, and a visit to 
his shops is regarded as a treat by those who obtain the privi- 
lege. In financial matters he is very conservative, holding to a 
high standard of honorable dealing; while conservativeness 
with him does not mean want of liberality in helping on all good 
causes 

Ho.v. Abel Bennett, the Hist mayor of the city of Bingham- 
ton, was born November I6th, 1818, at Benneltsville, Chenango 
county, N. Y. Notwithstanding the fact that he received only 
a common school education when a young man, he showed him- 
self to be a shrewd financier. He was married to Miss Adelaide 
Johnson in 1847, she being the eldest daughter of his friend and 
partner, James W. Johnson. Mrs. Bennett died Dec. 13, 1854, 
leaving one child, Helen, wife of Hon. S. C. Millard. Mr. Ben- 
nett married a second time his wife being Miss Eugenia Griffith 
Lathrop, daughter of William Lathrop. of Albany. To this mar- 
riage were born two sons, Charles and Fred. Mr. Bennett, be- 
sides giving a large amount of his property to the various be- 
nevolences of the city of which he was justly proud, erected a 
large block on Washington street and Hotel Bennett adjoining 
it. He was also the first president of the First National Bank 
of Minghamton Mrs. Bennett died Dec. 24, 18S6, and after the 
death of his beloved wife, Mr. Bennett's health gradually failed 
until his death June lllh, 1889, which occurred at Glen Haven, 
a resort for invalids. His grave is in beautiful Spring Forest 
Cemetery, in this city. 

B. U. Pike, of 5 Goethe street, whose handsome .residence 
is shown on page 107, was born in the town of Sanford, Broome 
county, N. Y, June 21, 1858. He was educated in district school 
and at the Windsor academy. After teaching several terms of 
school in various towns of the county, he embarked in the drug 



business at Windsor, forming a partnership with the late coro- 
ner, A. B. Stillson. After some years of success as a druggist, 
he sold his interest in that business and opened a crockery, tin 
and glass store, which was burned, he losing nearly everlhing 
he had. Not discouraged by the seeming unkindness of provi- 
dence, he rebuilt, and afier a few years spent in various enter- 
prises, he engaged in the stone business. In 1889 he came to 
Binghamton, since which time he has conducted a very success- 
ful flag, curb and general bluestone business. He is a thorough 
believer and active worker in the cause of prohibition, and is 
now the chairman of the Prohibition county committee, having 
been unanimously elected to that position at the county con- 
vention of 1895. 

M.\.ior-Gen. John C. Kobinson was born in this city in 1817, 
where he has since lived, being one of the most influential and 
prominent citizens. Gen. Robinson served his country with 
honor and distinction through the late war, and lost a leg at 
the post of duty. In 1872 he was elected by the Republicans as 
Lieutenant Governor of the state. Two years previous to this 
he had been elected as commander-in-chief ot the Grand Army 
of the Republic of this state. 

Col. Walton Dwight, formerly one of Binghamton's dear- 
est and most enterprising citizens, and a gallant soldier in the 
iBte war, was born in the town of Windsor, Dec. 20th, 1837. It 
is said of him that he looked upon every man as a brother, and 
found his most intimate friends among the poor. He first em- 
barked in the lumber business in western Pennsylvania, but 
left that to enter the army After being refused permission to 
raise a regiment, he went to work on his own account and did 
it. He was wounded at Gettysburg. In 1868 he came to Bing- 
hamton and purchased the "Orchard," the late home of Daniel 
S. Dickinson, now popularly known as Dwightville, with the fa- 
mous Dwiglit block and about fifty cottages, which now stand 
as a monument to him. The Dwight home at that time was the 
finest appointed residence between New York and Buffalo. In 
1871 Col. Dwight was elected mayor of the city by au almost 
unamimous vote. His death occurred in 1878, when rich and 
poor, white and black bowed down in sorrow at the end of a 
kind and honorable friend. 

Horace H. CRARY,one of Binghamton's wealthiest and best 
known citizens, was born in 1824 at Liberty, N. Y., where he re 
mained until about twenty years of age. He spent many win- 
ters in New York city, where he rented the privilege of running 
a small stand at six cents per day. From this Mr. Crary carried 
on other speculations and finally went into the tanning business 
at Hancock, N. Y. This enterprise he extended and increased, 
adding large interests in western Pennsylvania. Mr. Crary was 
one of the busiest men in the country until 1876, when caused 
by overwork his eyesight failed and he was obliged to take a 
rest. In 1892 he was directly interested in nine tanning and 
milling firms. Mr. Crary owes his success to his keen insight, 
superior qualifications and close application, having realized 
that people will pay more for a good article. 

El.meu S. Brigham, deceased, was born in Northboro', Mass., 
May 27th, 1809, and moved to Binghamton in 1830. He was very 
successful in business, and was court crier for about forty years. 



MROOME COllN'r\- ILLl'STRATED 




RESIDENCE OF A. W. CLINTON. 42 FRONT STREET. BINQtIAMTON. N. Y. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



missing but two days at court during the time. He was loved 
and honored by all who knew him, and passed away peacefully 
in 1894. 

Rev. Horatio R. Clark, D. D , at one time Presiding Elder 
of the Wyoming Conference, was born in Candor, N. Y, Aug. 
23rd, 1813. He received his education at Newark and Oswego, 
and Cazenovia seminary. He made himself quite well known 
by his electrical researches and was also pastor of many of the 
best churches in this vicinity. 








DR. OLIVER T. BUNDY, DEPOSIT, N. Y. 

Hon. Daniel S. Dick iNsciN. - Probably no one ever lived who 
was as much respected and loved by every good citizen of 
Broome county as the subjei't of this sketch. Mr Dickinson 
was born in Goshen, Conn., Sept 11,1800, and moved with his 
parents to Guilford, Chenango county, in 1806, spending most 
of his time on his father'? farm yet embracing every opportu 
nity to receive an education. Most of the time from the 20-25th 
year of his life he spent in teaching school and entered the law 
firm of Clark & Clapp at Norwich in lsi.",5. He was admitted to 
the bar in 1828, and commenced his legal practice at Guilford, 
where he held his lirst public ollice, that of postmaster. 

From this time on he gradually received all the honors that 



the state and nation could give him, until he was mentioned 
for president in 1812, but declined to accept owing to his deep 
sense of honor and love for his friend, Gen. Cass, whom he had 
promised to support in the canvass. He moved to Binghamton 
in 1831, and always lived and worked for the best interest of the 
city, but his last sickness overtook him while engaged as United 
States District Attorney in New York City. His burial was in 
Spring Forest cemetery, and an obelisk of granite marks his 
last resting place. 

Oliver T. Bundy, M. D., a prominent phy- 
sician and citizen of Deposit, was born in Wind- 
sor, March 3, 1837, and was the son of Dr. 0. T 
Bundy, Sr„ at that time one of the most promi- 
nent physicians of the county. Dr. Bundy was 
fitted for his profession at the Philadelphia 
College of Medicine, and studied with his father 
He served with honor through the late war as 
surgeon of the 144th N. Y. Volunteers. In later 
yeai's he has successfully followed the practice 
of his profession in Deposit, and has taken a 
lively interest in all public aflfairs. He is prom- 
inent in G. A. R. work, and his labor in obtain- 
jng the handsome soldiers' monument for De- 
posit has been mentioned. He has served as 
Coroner for Delaware county for several terms 
and has been considered as a prominent candi- 
date for Member of Assembly. 

Aloxzo Mulford, a leading member of the 
bar of Deposit, was born in Prattsville, N. Y. 
October 31, 1853, and has been a resident of 
Broome Cc^nly since he was seven years of age. 
In early life he followed the occupation of a 
school teacher, and afterwards having studied 
law, was admitted to the bar May 9, 1870. He 
at once began the practice of his profession in 
the village of Deposit, and by hard work has 
received merited success. 

.IciiiN M. Ki;i!i!.one of the leading citizens 
(if in pdHl. Mas hcirii ill New York cily, May 4, 
1S24, Lefi all orplian ill his youth lii.- life has 
bfHi one of vicifsilude and s-terii reality. He 
began \i(f on a farm, afterwards learning the 
blacksmith's trade, and liiially enieriiig the employ of the Erie 
railroad which he served as a conductor for many years. In 
1882 he retired from active life, and coming to Deposit built 
himself a handsome home He takes an active interest in all the 
afifairs of the village, and holds the respect of the entire com- 
munity. 

Hon.Wm. ly. FoKii.of Keposlr.was born In Middleville, Herki- 
mer County, N. V., March 12. 1820 Removed to Binghamton in 
1841 and clerked it for his brother, Hon. K A. Ford until 1846, 
when he went to Deposit, N. Y. and entered the mercantile 
business. He was elected of Member Assembly in 1852,and again 
In 1872 to iill a vacancy cause by the death of Hon. Wm. M. Ely, 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



«23 



also in 1873. He has also served as supervisor of the town. He 
has DOW retired from active business. 

Walter Vait., of Deposit, was born in the town of Vernon, 
Sussex county, N. J., in the year 1843. He received his educa- 
tion in school houses with slab seats out in the country. When 
old enough he worked on a farm until about twenty years of 
age. In 186.5 he began the learning of the watchmaking and 
jeweler's trade, serving an apprenticesliip of about live years 
He embarked in business for himself at Cochecton, Sullivan 
county, N. Y., and in the spring of 1874 removed to Westtown, 
Orange county. In 1875 he came to Deposit, at which place he 
still carries on his trade at 123 Front street. 

Gallatia C. Valextixe of Deposit, was born in .Meredith, 
Delaware county, in 1819, and with his parents removed to San- 
ford in 1851. In 1874 he was married to F. Ellen Lovelace of 
Deposit and to this union five children were born, Raymond G. 
Ina L., Roland D., Shirley A., and Maurice G G., Mr. Valentine's 
parents, Matthias G. G., and Mary A. (Landen) Valentine, are 
still living ;t he former was born in New Burnswick in 1823, was 
married in Meredith in 1818 ; his wife was born in Delhi, in 1828, 

James M. Fletcher, a prominent farmer and dairyman of 
the town of Sanford. was born June 6, 1836, in Preston, Pa., and 
came to Sanford in 1873. He has been prominent in the affairs 
of the town, having been Assessor and Commissioner of High- 
ways at various times. As a progressive dairyman he is in- 
terested in all matters pertaining to that industry. He was 
married in 1862 to Laura Wheeler, and they are the parents of 
seven children. 

Ho.N. Giles W. Hotchkiss, one of the most prominent fig- 
ures in the history of this county, and one of the men who help- 
ed mould its history, was born in Windsor October 21, 1815 In 
simplicity, directness of methods, quick and broad grasp of sit- 
uations, accurate sense of right, pleading, interpretation and 
making of law, he had few equals The Windsor and Oxford 
Academies only set ablaze the natural fuel in him, which hy 
hard study at all spare moments developed into a rich store- 
house of knowledge. He studied law at first with F. G Wheel- 
er of Windsor, and afterwards with Hon. B. N. Loomis. After 
being admitted to the bar he became popular very rapidly, and 
for nearly forty years was one of its ablest members. Early in 
his profession he took as a law partner Lewis Seymour, Esq., 
and soon after Hon. Ranson Balcom. This was finally broken 
up by Mr. Balcom being elected to the bench of the Supreme 
Court, and by the death of Mr. Seymour. He then formed a 
partnership with Hon. S. C. Millard, which was terminated by 
the death of Mr. Hotchkiss in 1878. As a politician he may be 
called one of the fathers of the Republican party, and was one 
of the delegates to the convention which nominated Lincoln. 
As a law maker he represented this district from 1862 to 1872 in 
Congress, where he was a recognized leader and a warm friend 
of the late Senator Conklin, being employed as an attorney for 
him in the celebrated Frye investigation. At the close of his 
term in Congress, he returned to his law practice, refusing nu- 
merous honors, such as the U. S. District Attorneyship for the 
southern district of Ndw York, [^United States Judge for the 
northern district of New York, and the Circuit Judgeship for 



southern district. 

Gen. Joshua Whitney, the efficient agent of William Bing- 
ham, was born in Columbia county, N. Y., in 1773. Gen. Whit- 
ney went to Philadelphia in 1791 with a drove of cattle, where 
he met William Bingham. After becoming agent for the lat- 
ter he used his influence to divert the attention of people from 
settling at Chenango Point, and succeeded in convincing them 
that the town would be built at the confluence of the two riv- 
ers. Gen. Whitney was agent for Mr. Bingham for forty years, 
and discharged his duties with the utmost fidelity and precision. 
He was a faithful Episcopalian, and Christ church owes much 
to him. He lived until 1845, having seen his little hamlet grow 
to a large and thriving town 

Nat KiNYON,of tne town of Barker, was born in The Sapbush 
three miles north of Chenango Forks. Sept. 27, 1844. His pa- 
rents were Nathaniel and Hannah (Smith) Kinyon. He was 
married Jan. 7, 1864, to Electa Taft, daughter of Amos and 
Louisa Taft. Mr. and Mrs. Kinyon have been blessed with 
three children, Edmund Amos. Lillian J. and Willian W., of 
whom only the youngest is living. William W. was married to 
Geneveive Rummer, Feb. 22, 1895. 

HoMEU A. HiiRLBERT, of Barker, was born in that town July 
19, 1846, the son of Charles and Phidelia (Kinyon) Hurlbert. 
He was married Jan. 5, 1870, to Lucy Jackson, daughter of Eber 
and Eliza Jackson. Six children have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Hurlbert, Alice Frank, Lydia, Leroy, Howard and Perry, 
of whom the three youngest are living. 

Edwin J. Jo.nes, of Binghamton, was born at Chenango 
Forks, June 3rd, 1855. His parents were John K. and Calista 
Jones, and in 1876 he was married to Marian S. Hall, daughter 
of Elijah and Caroline Hall. To this union two children were 
born, Ilobart E., and Leon A. aged seventeen and thirteen years 
respectively. Mr. Jones was formerly a resident of the town of 
Windsor, coming to Binghamton in 1885, and is a member of the 
police force of the city. 

Maurk!e A. Tompkins was born in the town of Windsor,, 
in 1857, where he still resides and carries on business. He re- 
ceived his education in the common schools at East Windsor 
and Ouaquaga and at Windsor academy. In early life he learn- 
ed the jewelry business which he has carried on successfully for 
the past fifteen years. On the death of his father in 1886. he 
assumed the boot and shoe store owned by him, and has con- 
ducted the same in connection with his jewelry business up to 
the present time. In 1890 he was elected town clerk, and has 
held that office up to the present time to the satisfaction of the 
people of the town and all who have business with the oflice. 

Ci..w!K \V. Greene, M. D , of Binghamton, was born in Wil- 
let, Cortland county, Oct. 30, 1848, the son of Gilbert and There- 
sa Greene, who trace their ancrstry back to the illustrous Gen. 
Nathaniel Greene. Dr. Greene graduated from the Albany 
Normal School in 1870, and began the study of medicine with 
his uncle. Dr. Gilbert Newcomb, of New York city. He gradua- 
ted at Bellevue INIedical College in 1873, and began the practice 
at Chenango Forks, moving to Binghamton in 1894. He is very 
popular and successful in his profession, and held many posi- 
tions of honor and trust. 



J24 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



Thomas Blunden, was born in Toronto, Ont.. eighty years 
ago. His father was Cyrus Blunden, a prominent English phy- 
sican, who was tha father of twenty-two children. The subject 
of this sketch served eight years in the British army. He now 
resides at Willow Point, and is the father of two sons, Charles 
and Edward, both of Cortland county. 

8. L. NoosBicKLE, now in business at Willow Point, was 
born in the town of Barker in 1856, and is the son of Geo. Noos- 
bickle, of Warren, Pa., a large farm owner. He has a sister, 
Mrs. William H. Brown, residing at Vestal Centre. 

Benjamin and Riason Willis, of Willow Point, have lived 
on one of the largest farms in this county since 1812, and their 
grandmother owned the farm in 1796. They were both born and 
raised at that place. Benjamin is 83 years old, and enjoys the 
distinction of being one of the oldest inhabitants of Broome 
county. Riason was born Nov. 19, 1820. 

Howard Birdsall has been a resident of Broome county 
for fifty-one years. In 1883 he was married to Miss Laura M. 
Babcock. Mr. and Mrs. Birdsall can trace their ancestry back 
as far as 1610, and in their home at Willow Point they have the 
portraits of their grandparents, who were descendants of a 
Huguenot family who settled in Queens county in 1640. 

Miss Sabra P. Willls is an old resident of Vestal, having 
been born in that town in 1816. She is a cousin of Benjamin 
and Riason Willis, and her father was a prominent farmer and 
land owner. The name of Willis is popular throughout all the 
county. 

J. J. Barton has been a resident of Willow Point for eigh- 
teen years, and is the father of Dr. A. A. Barton, of Plains, Pa., 
and Dr. S. T. Barton, of Wyoming Pa. Previous to coming here 
Mr. Barton owned a large farm at .\palachan. He also has a 
son in Binghamtnn, F. L. Barton, who owns a creamery on Sem- 
inary avenue. His wife was Miss Katherine Lane, and they 
celebrated their fiftieth anniversary last September. 

Frank D. Siieud, of Willow Point, was born in Peasetown. 
moving to Xorth Fenton when six years old, and from thence 
at the age of thirteen to Binghamton, wh-ire he is well known, 
having lived there eighteen years. Ilij father was the archi- 
tect of the Elmira Reformatory building, where he was severely 
injured by the fall of a crowbar. His uncle, Charles Rookwpll, 
a brother of the famous horse-trainer, is the proprietor nf the 
American Hotel at Oneonta. 

Fred Si'RiNciEU has been a rasidfiit ot Willow Point for 
two years. He was born in this county, and married Miss Het- 
tie .J. Wescott, of Binghamton, to which place she had come 
from her old home in Chenango county. Mrs. Springer's uncle, 
II. Wescott, is a well-known property owner of Biiij;hiunton 
The Wescott children and grnndchildreii meet at Mr. Springer's 
on the 3rd of eacli October, for a family reunion. 

Mrs. Laura .\. Headv, of 59 Pennsylvania avenue, Bing- 
hamton, is lifty years old. She was a daughter of Woodbridge 
G. Barker, a prominent fanner and land owner of Chenango 
county. .Mrs. William 11. M.ikejjeace, whose husband is a prom- 
inent druggist of Norwicli, Is her sister, and she has a brother, 
Sylvanus, who i.s a mechanic at Norwic^h, and also a brother in 



New York city. She has three daughters, Mrs. Charles Church 
of Passaic, N. . I., and Misses Wealthy and Gertrude, who live 
with their mother. 

C. H. Conklin, 77 Pennsylvania avenue, Binghamton, was 
bom in Jonesville, Saratoga county, in 1835. He married Miss 
Jane Dexter, daughter of Jester Dexter, a well-known resident 
of Utica. Mr. Conklin is a veteran of the late war, and h»s liv- 
ed in Binghamton since 1859. His father was known all over 
Saratoga county as "Uncle Joe." Mrs. Conklin has won consid- 
siderable fame as an authoress. 

A. J. LiLLKv, of RossviUe, was born in Dansville, Pa., forty- 
live years ago, and married Mary J. Simons, daughter of Greorge 
Simons. He is a brother of I. C. Lilley, the well-known musi- 
cian of Rockton. Dr. Chittenden, of this city, who well-known 
throughout the county, is an uncle of Mr. Lilley. He has a son 
Oscar, fourteen years of age, who tips the scales at 232 pounds. 
\ second son, Roy C, is one year old. 

E. A. BouQHTON, 74 Pennsylvania avenue, Binghamton, is an 
old soldier, and has resided in this city since the close of the 
war. He was married twenty-eight years ago to Jane Snow, a 
daughter of William H. Snow, also a veteran of the war. His 
first wife died in April, 1891, and he married Miss Sarah Head, 
on Nov. 14th, 1891, who was the daughter of John M. Head, of 
Owego. Mr. Boughton has invented a device for sweating to- 
bacco, which has proved a great success. He is a carpenter by 
trade, and has been in the employ of one man for twenty-six 
and is a very popular citizen. He is the father of nine children, 
three of whom are mirried and live in Binghamton. 

A. J. Ferry, of Hotchkiss street, was born in Friendsville, 
Pa , in 1812, and coming to this city at the age of thirty-two has 
won many friends and made himself well-known during his res- 
idence here. Charles P. Ferry is a promising and well-to-do son 
who lives in .Montreal, Canada. Three other sons reside in this 
city. 

C. E BoiioHTON, 90'.2 Liberty street, Binghamton, has been 
eight years a resident of the city. His wife was Mame E. Nor- 
ris, daughter of W. F. Norris, an old soldier and well-known 
carpenter of this city. Mr. Boughton's father, C. D. Boughton, 
is a prominent citizen of Hornellsville. He is the father of two 
boys, Pliny, aged live, and Floyd, aged three. 

S. F. Tu.iKiTi", 141 Peniisy I Vrtiiia avenue, was born in this 
city twenty-one years ago. His father, Joseph B. Talbott, has 
been for many years in business on Water street. Alderman 
J L. Talbott, of the 5th ward, is an uncle of Mr. Talbott, and 
J. A. Brown, the well-known fruit dealer, is a brother-in-law. 
Mr. Talbott marrir-d Miss Leona Norris, daughter of W. F. Nor- 
ris, of Binghamton. 

Leroy .\. SiiERMVN, 14(! Pennsylvania avenue, Binghamton, 
was born at Nineveh, in I81S. He spent twenty years in the 
state of Pennsylvania and has resided in this city six years. In 
1863 he was married to Miss Delia Vincent, daugnter of David 
Vincent, at that time a prominent farmer of this county. Mr. 
Sherman is now the night watchman at the Sturtevant-Larra- 
bee carriage factory. He is well known throughout the coun- 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



125 



ty, especially among his old army comrades, having been a 
membar of Co. A. ■25^h New Vork Cavalry. 

Almira Pettis, of 1.53 Pennsylvania avenue, was born in 
Schoharie, Albany county, in 182J. Shj has lived in this city 
twenty-Bve years, and is well-known all over the county in 
which she has spent sixty years of her life. Her husband, Steph- 
en V. Pettis, who died in 1894, was a lumberman well-known 
in this city and county, where he had lived for nearly sixty 
Mrs. Pettis is the mother of thirteen children, only two of whom 
are living in this city. 

Mrs. Eliz.\ D. FARyH.iM, 23 Rush avenue, Binghamton, was 
born in Pennsylvania in 18-57, and is the daughter of Eben 
Wood, a well-known farmer. She became the wife of Mr. Farn- 
ham in 1883. They have three children, two girls and a boy. 
Her grandmother, Tryphenia Wood, widow of Collins Wood of 
Silver Lake, is 92 years of age and enjoys good health. 

Mrs. Robert Smith, 148 Vestal avenue, Binghamton, has 
resided in this city forty-six years. Her father, William Flynn, 
was a farmer and stonemason residing in this city from 1830 
until his death in 1882. Mr. Robert Smith is an employee at 
Weed's tannery, vphere he has worked since his arrival from 
England in 1870. They are the parents of four children, the 
eldest, Joseph, being nineteen years of age and an upholsterer 

T. J. Sf.\rrow, 140 Vestal avenue. Binghamton, has been a 
resident of the city for five years, and is employed by the city. 
He is well-known in the county, having lived in Lisle for thirty- 
six years. He was born at Whitney's Point in 1835, and moving 
to Lisle, married M-iry E. Eichenberg, whose father was a lum- 
ber dealer in Orange county. Their daughter married a Mr. 
Cady of Lisle. 

L. A. Weeks, 87 Park avenue, Binghamton, came to this 
five years ago, from Chenango county, where his father and the 
father of Mrs. Weeks, P. E. Whitney, still reside. Mr. Weeks 
is a carpenter, and is the father of two bright boys, Fred and 
Alfred, 

E. K. Pettis, 20 Bayless avenue, Binghamton, was born at 
Port Crane, in 1810, has always lived in this county and for the 
past twenty years has been a resident of this city. In 1887 he 
was married to ^liss Florence Watkins, and to this union one 
daughter has been born. Mr. Pettis is a laboring man who has 
the respect of many friends. He is a veteran of the late war, 
a member of the G. A. R. and the U. V. U. 

K \' lIu.V(iERFORi), 22 Bayless avenue, has been a citizen of 
Binghamton for over thirty years, twenty of which have been 
spent in the plumbing business. .A.fter the death of his first 
wife who was the m'">lher of his two children, Mr. Hungerford 
married iliss Francesca Whittemore, of Union. Mr. Hunger- 
ford's father andiTDther, aged 76 and 73, respectively, live in 
this city in the enjoyment of good health. 

Cii.viu,ES D. Ali.e.n, 16 Sherwood avenue, Binghamton, has 
resided here thirty-live years. His wife was .Margaret Robbins, 
daughter of Stephen Robbins of II inesdale, I'ii., and they are 
the parents of live children. Mr. .\llen is successful contractor 
and builder, 



WiLLi.VM Lawrence, 14 Sherwood avenue, moved to Bing- 
hamton in March, 1895, from Metuchan, N. .1., where he had 
lived eight years. He is a native of Ireland, has been married 
eight years, and is the father of one child, Margaret, aged six. 

Charles ToRRV, 21 Brook avenue, moved to Binghamton 
from Cortland some seven years ago. He is actively engaged 
at his trade, carpenter and cabinet-maker. 

Ear-vest R. Gates, of Willow Point, was born at Whitney's 
Point, this county, removing to his present home twenty-eight 
years ago. His father, Lee C. Gates, who died a short time ago 
at the age of 65, was born in Schoharie county. His mother, 
Ruth Loomis, was born in the village of Maine, and is still liv- 
ing. Mr. Gates, who is a practical and energetic farmer, has 
two brothers and three sisters living with him, and together 
they own about three hundred acres of land. 

He.nrv HtiYCK, of Saiiford, was born in Westerlo, .\lbany 
county, in 1831, and came to Sanford three years later, where he 
married Richel Whitney. He became a very successful farm- 
er, which occupation he followed until the death of his only 
child. .Miss Ida, in 1884 Since that time he has lived a retired 
life. 

He.nry W. WiLro.v:, M. D., of Deposit, was born in that place 
in 1868. He attended school at the Deposit academy, after 
which he learned the drug business. Having decided upon the 
medical profession for a life work, he entered and graduated 
at the Baltimore Medical College in 1891, obtaining the college 
prize for excellence in medical and surgical knowledge. He 
first located at Lake Cjmo, Pa., where he obtained much need- 
ed experience, removing from there to the lumber woods of 
western Pennsylvania, where he gained valuable surgical ex- 
perience. He settled in Deposit in 1831, where he has since re- 
sided. He has a handsome office in the new bank building, and 
is health officer of the village of Deposit and town of Sanford. 

N. S. B.ATiiRioK,of Deposit, was bjrn in Kortright, Delaware 
county, Feb. 7, 1823. When seven years of age he moved to 
Bloomville, where he resided until he was twenty-two. In 1848 
he was married to Catharine Whitney, and moved to Broome 
county in 1850, where his wife died in 1883. He then married 
Mary J. Oonklin, and has since resided at Deposit. He has been 
a successful farmer, but has now retired from active life. 

.TdsEi'ii A. White, the present supervisor of the town of 
Sanford and ex-postmaster of Deposit, was born in Jersey City, 
in 1854, and when two years of age moved ^with his parents to 
Deposit, where he has since resided and proved himself to be a 
competent and persistent worker for the welfare of the village. 
Many of the important businevs enterprises which go to 
make a village a success are largely due to him. From 18S6 to 
1890 he was one of the managers of the Deposit Journal and 
under him the paper gained a fair circulation. In 18S3 he was 
commissoned postmaster of Deposit, and held the offise over 
four years; he has also been connected with the New York 
Condensed Milk Co., and secretary of the Deposit Savings and 
Loan Association. 



I2fi 



UROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



HILLS, McLEAN & HASKINS, 

Importers and "Retailers of Dry Coods, Carpets, Millinery, Etc., 

Court and Chenango Streets, Binghamton, N. Y. 




S.J./<£J.'.£). 3'^^<-; 



AN important, feature of the dry goods trade of Biiiglixinton 
is tbe house of Messrs. Hills, McLean & Ilaskins, uhich 
in all that goes to imiUe Dp a modern mercantile estab- 
lishment, is surpassed either in extent of stock or quality of 
goods by few, if any, similar houses in the state outside of New 
York City. This great lndi(-s' baznar h.ns been an iinportant 
factor in the commercial re.-oun'es nf thi>c'ity for the past four- 
teen years, and its facilities, resiHiri'f-s iiiid trade have grown 
until to-day they are surpasseil l>y iiont- other in the city. Three 
floors of the handsome iron biiikiini; iit the corner of Court and 
Chenango streets, an illustration of which ac^-ompanies this ar- 
ticle, are occupied. An elevator connects the sever il floors, 
and the whole is divided into numerous department.* for the 
orderly display of the varied and comprehensive slock fiirried. 
About seventy employes here find constant occupatidn uiidiT 
tbe supervision of competent heads of departments, tach of 
whom in return is responsible to the members of the firm who 
personally direct all the operations of the enterprise. Visitors 
vrill find the salesrooms elegantly appointed and decorated and 
completely fitted up with every modern improvement that will 
in any way save time or facilitate the making of selections. In 



the retail transactions of the house the cash system is in vogue 
ns also the one price plar, which prove of mutual advantage to 
purchaser and salesman, as nil goods are marked at lowest 
possible prices. The stock embraces adiver^ity simply impos- 
sible to describe in dry goods, fancy good.-*, carpets, draperies, 
lace curtains, millinery, cloaks, furs, notions, trimmings, linensj 
and cottons, silk*:, VHJvets, ladies' and gents' furnishing goods, 
lingerie and bijouterie, hosiery and gloves, parasols and um- 
brellas, and ill :-lMrt every conceivable article of modern luxu- 
ry, fashion mid necessity that would properly be included un- 
der these general headings. The house caters to no particular 
class, but vveli'DMies all and provides for all, and the establish- 
ment is truly a popular one. The splendid success of this house 
may be attributed to a strict adherence to every representation 
made, an honest system of advertising and the provision for 
every want of the ladies at lowest possible prices. All through 
the hard times by their enterprise and energy they have in- 
creased their business instead of letting it fall back, as has been 
the case with many houses. At the present writing the outlook 
for this large and well-managed establishment ij very bright 
and promising 



UKOOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



127 




The Corwin Sanitorium, 

For the Treatment of Chronic Diseases. 



While special ai trillion is given to surgery in its relations to chronic diseases, different 
methods of treatment ate employed as indicated. Patients are provided with the comforts 
of a home and conve^ience^ of a sanitorium. For further information address, 

eO-RWIN SA/NITO'Ria/v\, 



104 MAIN STREET, 



BINGHAMTON, N. Y. 




. . O. A. STOUTENBURQ, 

Af ember of I ' nion I'efini ns' ( 11 foii , 
Commander of Pmin't .Vc UK l-iin'^h>tinfon. .V, )\ 

Raiser & Hover of Buildings, 

127 Hawley Street, Binghamton, N. Y. 



All work done in workmanlike manner, with 
promptness and dispatch. 




C. W. HA WKES, 

.\ proiiiinent Liinjjhamton inerchmit at 76 Clinton street, 
lia~ hocniiu- thiMoughly known througliout Broome coun- 
i\ uhhiii till' past few years through his extensive adver- 
1 -ini; of Wall Capers, I'aints, Drugs, etc. Mr. Ilawkesis 
■A ih'Moiii^h j;<)-ahead business hustler, and by his fair deal- 
iufij has stained the confidence of the public. It was by 
his efforts that the price of wall pajiers were so reduced 
that the iioor as well as the rich could alTord the handsome 
patterns upon tlu-ir walls. He also carries a large line of 
readv mixed paints, oils, lead, etc., and a complete line of 
drutis, i)atent medicines and chemicals. 

B. E. CONRAD. 

PHOTOGRAPHER, 

Photographs, Crayon Work, Interior Work, Tin Types. 

STUDIO AT 86 CMENANOO St.. BINOMAMTON. 



128 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



Broome County Grange. 

On the 2nd day of February, 1874, a few of the inhabitants 
of Kirkwood were met at the Lome of H. P. Alden. near Kirk- 
wood Centre, by George Sprague, of Loekport, then secretary of 
the New York State Grange, and the first Grange in Broome 
county w as organiztd, then ai.d now known as Kirkwood Grange 
No. 96. Its charter members were: Samuel Bajlegg, Abram R. 
Park, Virginia Park, Mr.' and Mrs. E. W. Watrous, John H. 
Watrous, Mr. ana Jlrs. Adam Hays, Mr. and l\Irs. C. P. Brink, 
Mr. and Mrs. H. P. Alden, j\lr. and J\lrf. I'rencis llobbins, and 
Leonard Gaige. At tliat meeting E. \Y. Walrous was chosen 
Master, and Samuel Baj less i-ecretary. In the autumn of that 
same year. Hon. T. A. Thompson, of ]\li(higan, Lecturer of the 
National (irange, being on a visiting four in this state, it was 
decided by the members of Kirkwood Grange to hold a picnic 
and invite Mr. Thcmpson to sj-eak. Invitations were sent to 







i/ii^'.''^ ""<■,/■.■/_ 



SAMIIKI, liAYI.KSS. 



Samuel Bayless was one of the charter members of the 
first Grange organized in this county. At present he is treasur- 
er of the County Pomona (irange and a prominent citizen of 
the town of Kirkwood. 



the most proininent farmers in this section of the county, and 
a general in\itation to all to attend the Grange picnic. The 
grounds chosen were near the residence of Mr. Robbins, one of 
the members of the order. The day was one of those warm and 
pleasant days in the latter part of September, and scores turn- 
ed outen masse. The speaker, a tall, well-formed man a little 
past the middle age and a fluent speaker, showed his hearers 
the advantage of organization of the farmers, the advantage of 
the Grange and what it hopes to accomplish. The seed thus 
sown began to bear fruit, and in a short time a Grange was or- 
ganized at East Maine, another at East Union, and in k-ss than 
a year others at Hawleyton. Tracy Creek and in the city of 
Binghamton. 

The National (irange in the meanwhile, seeing the need of 
better work and a more cordial and fraternal feeling among the 
Granges of counties, urged and sanctioned the formation of Po- 
mona or County (Tiranges. 

The Granges of Broome county responded and chose dele- 
gates to attend a meeting at East Union on September 4, 1875, 
at which time the Broome County (irange was organized, with 
A. K. Park, of Kirkwood, as Worthy Master; and Gerard Bid- 
well, of East Union as A\'orthy Secretary. But the (irange like 
all other organi. itions, had its times of prosperity and its times 




(i.M.I.ATI A C. VAI. i:\ll\K. 

(iallatia ('. \'alHMtine, of I lei osil, the present Overseer of 
Broome County I'omona Grange, was botn in Meredith, Dela- 
ware county, in lS-1!), lie is a practical farmer and dairyman. 
In 1887 he was elected supervisor of the town of Sanford. He 
is active in Grange work ; was a charter member of Deposit 
Grange, No. 582, of which he is the present Master. 



KKOOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



of adversity. New Granges were organized during the next 
few years, while some of the old ones became dormant. In the 
fall of 1882 the State (Grange sent its Lecturer, J. B. Whit- 
ing, into the northern portion of the county, and several new 
Granges were organized. The history of the organization dur- 
ing the next ten years was that of prosperity, (iranges have 
been organized in all parts uf the county, ami the membership 
has reached the thousand line, and Broouif has become one of 



the banner counties of the state in Fomona membership. In 
its membership it includes Lieut. Gov. Edward F. Jones, and 
many others of note. John Moses, of Hawleyton, is Worthy 
Steward of the State Grange. A recent election has placed G. 
A U'atrous, of North Colesville, in the chair as Worthy Master. 
Arrangements are now being made to hold a session of the 
Si. lie iTfange in Wnghamton, February 4-H, 1898. 




ABK \M R. I'ARK. 



Abram R. Park, the first Master ol the 
Broome County Pomona (irange, is a high- 
ly respected and influential resident of the 
town of Kirkwood. He was one of the 
charter members of the first Grange organ- 
ized in the county, and has always been 
prominent in Grange work, having for 
many years been secretary of the Pomona 
Grange. 




Greenhouses and Plants. 

Binghamton boasts of a considerable number of greenhouses 
Afhich vary from those of the first class down to the prival e con- 
ervatories, There are eight to ten of these which sell , lants 
ind cut Howers Among the number we would mention: 

JamesB.Tui.lv who is located at the entrance of Sp:ing . 
Forest Cemetery. Mr. Tully has served the people for many 
years with plants and cut flowers and his numerous custom, rs 
are his best recomendations. Here are to be found at all sea- 
sons of the year the best varieties of greenhouse and hard^ 
plants, as well as ornamental shrubs. Mr. Tully also makes a 
specially of cut flowers and bouquets for funeral, wedding or 
social purpo^es. The Spring Forest electric cars take you to 
the greenhouse and wait while you buy. 

GuAiiAM Bros., although a new firm have gone rapidly to 
the front. They are what is termed "hustlers." Their green' 
house is located at West End, and is well worth going to see. 
Here they have a full line of all cloice plants, grown both for 
foliage and cut flowers To accommodate the public more ful- 
ly they have, in addition to this establishment, a branch office 
for the sale of cut flowers, plants, ect., which is located 
in Otis' drug store, corner of Court and State streets. 
They invite a comparison of stock and prices with those of any 
other firm. 




JAHES B. TULLY'S OkHHNhOUSES. BINUHAriTON. N. Y. 



130 



liltOOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



JOHN H. SHAFER. 

The above gentleman, located at 143 Washington street, 
conducts one of the leading grocery stores in the city. The 
premises occupied comprise the first Hoor luid basement of a 
building 25x70 feet in dimensions, where a choice assortment of 
fine groceries, vegetables, fruits et(v is con-tiritly kept on hand 
He makes a special fenture of Hin' imiioried and domestic goods 
and enjoys a large ati'l mcrt-asin^' patronage. Four courteous 
assistants are emplojt-d and «ll cii.-t'Mnt^rs nceivf prompt and 
careful attentioi. Mr Snaft-r e.*i nldi^lieil ilie Inisiness three 
years ago and the succe.'^s he Ims nti'iined i^ j islly merited. He 
is a native of New York, and uii f iit'Tiirisnit,' liusiii^.sa man. 



S. L. NOOSBICKLE. 

GROCERIES I GENERAL MERCHANDISE. 



WILLOW POINT. 



W. RAUL M OS HER, 




Mr. MosliLT has recently succeeded Ins lallier in the 
well-establisiied grocery house of \V. A. Mosher, 44 
Court street, where for many years he hail been employ- 
ed as bookkeeper. Mr. Mosher is a tlioroughly energet- 
ic young man, who understands his business, and is sure 
to meet success. He was born in this city, educated in 
the high school, and before entering the grocery mas- 
tered every detail of the business. He is a scrutinizing 
buyer who handles only the best goods, and holds the 
custom of all who patronize him. As an artist and a 
musician Mr. Mosher lias few equals in the city. 




A. W. ALEXANDER. 

The grocery business in Binghamton has a worthy repre, 
sentative in the gentleman whose name heads this sketch. Mr. 
Alexander has been identified with this line of trade for the 
past eight years, and now operates two stores, one at 38 Carroll 
street and one at 40 Exchange street. He reports a constantly 
increasing trade, and even during the late financial depression 
has been favored with a business that shows a marked improve- 
ment over the preceeding period. . The services of nine em- 
ployes are required, and a specialty is made of fine poultry dress- 
ed on the premises. .\ large trade is enjoyed with the best ho- 
tels and restaurants in the city. The stocks carried at both 
stores are complete, and the store at 3S Carroll street is said to 
have the Ije.-t st-ler.ted and hirge-t >inck in the ciiy. 



E. A. WILLIAMS. 

Mr. \\ illiams is a proirres-ive ami enterprising grocer, 
locateil at 1 | l'\-rr\ slrrel. IK- in.iki's a |)oint of hand- 
ling only thi' ln-sl class ol goods, and the pri)ni|)l lielivery 
of the sanir to all p.irts ol the cit\. lie has a good pat- 
ronage, anil iustl\ HU-rils the success he has attained. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 



'3' 



W. J. WA LS H, 

HALF=TONE ENGRAVINGS 

Made from Photographs. 

Wolcott Block, State Street, = BINQHAnTON, N. Y. 

W. M. OUIRK, 

The Leading Druggist, 

Prompt, Accurate, Reliable. 
45 COURT STREET. - BINGHAMTON 



We a re in it ! 

When speaking of first-class groceries, at 
prices that speak for themselves, we are right 
in it, and can fill your order as well as any 
of our competitors. If you don't believe it, 
come and be convinced. 

STARR 6s. MUNQLE, s Ferry St., BINGHAMTON, N. Y 



% Abbott Bros.,i 



^c© 



291 CLINTON STREET. 



ii^ 



The west side "H UStlers" are always glad to see 
you and will give sixteen ounces to every pound, and 
deliver it to any part of the city. Give them a call. 




BARNES, SMITH & CO., Cigar Manufacturers. 

I7«, i«o, 182 Water Street, BinKhamton, N. Y. 

Makers of the eelebrated "CRAAID eOMMAAJDEH" 10 cent Cigar, 

ALSO THE "DRUGGISTS' STRAIGHT FIVE. • THE BEST SC. CIGAR ON THE MARKET. 



'32 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 




"THE OAKS," 109 OAK ST., BINQHAnTON, N. ^ 



In the growth of the city of Binghamton it is with 
pride that we point to -'The Oaks.'" This apartment 
house is the property of A. & F. A. Morey and is one of 
the finest in the city, situated as it is in one of tlic best 
locaHties, with fine surroundings. It has pleasant flats 
finished in the best of mechanical skill with all modern 
improvements. 



BROOME COUNr\ ILLUSTRATED 



•33 




ST. JOSEPH'S ACADEHY, 21 LeROY ST., BINOHAMTON, N. Y. 



'.M 



KKOOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 




NORTH SIDE HOTEL, 

BINQHAMTON, N. Y. 

eHA-RLES S. WALES, - Proprietor. 

Al this pleasant hotel will be tOund tlie best accommodation, and most 
cduileoiis treatment. It is locateil within live minutes' walk of the depots;, 
aiul electric cars pass its doors every titteen minutes. Its rates are $1.00 
pi 1 day to transients, special rates to regular boarder. 




Warner Plumbing Company, 

38 state Street, Binghamton, N. Y. 



Wl 1.1.1. \.M ^. ll()rc'llKl\, a prominent citizen 
ami real estate dealer of 1 !i iijfliamloii. was liorn in Ot- 
sego county in iSj'^.aiid lame Id !>inghamton in 18S3. 
For the past ten \iMrs he has been our of the most re- 
sponsibli' and reputable real estate dealers in tiie city* 
His son, Charles, is associateii with him, and the firm is 
centrally located at ifv^ Washington street. 



BROOME COUNTY ILLUSTRATED. 

INDEX. 



Abbott Bros 
Ackerman Block 
Alexander, A. W 
Arlington Hotel 



B 



Banks 

Barker, Town of 

Barlow, G. H., residence 

Barlow, Rogeri & Co . 

Barnes, J. H 

Barnes, Smith & Co 

Bartholomew Bros., 

Bates, O. I. 

Bayless, Samuel . 

Bell, J J 

Bennett, Hon. Abel 

Bennett Hotel 

Bennett Park 

Bijou Theatre 

Bingham, William ... 

Binghamton, city 

town. 

High School 
Board of Trade. 
Boston Store 
Bridges 

Broome, Lieut. Gov. .John 
Broome County Grange 

Brown, J. W 

Bundy, Dr. O. T 

C 

Carman, T. A 

Carpenter, Dr. Charles W 

Cemeteries. 
Chenango, Town of 
Churches, Baptist 

" Centenary 

" Congregational 

" Christ 

" North Presbyterian 
St. Mary's 

" St. Patrick's 

" Tabernacle 

Trinity . 
Church History, 
Cobb, Dr. John Wesley 

Colesville, Town of 

Commercial Travelers' Home. 

Conklin, Town of 

Conrad, E. E 

Oorwin Sanitorium 

Cosy Cafe 
County Officers 
Court Houae 



Page 
131 

20 

130 

102 

97 

38 

103 

116 

94 

134 

Ul 

119 

128 

114 

120 

101 

22 

34 

15 

71 109 

89 

108 
106 
79 
16 
128 
119 
122 

118 

100 

81 

44 

42 

37 

61 

70 

77 

82 

48 

36 

60 

78 

100 

. 53 

46 

41 

. 127 

. 127 

101 

23 

5, 21 



Court Street, 


9, 10, 11, 14 


Clinton, A. W., residence 


121 


Crane, Nelson 


63 


Crandall Hotel 


102 


D 

Dickinson, Town of 


40 


" Hon. Daniel S. 


123 


E 

Early Settlements 

Excelsior Clothing Co 


11 
110 


F 
Fenton, Town of 


45 


Florists , . 


129 


Ford, Hon. Wm. L. 


122 


Fowler, Dick & Walker. 


106 


Fuller, Charles W. & Co 


92 


Q 

Gaylord & Eitapenc 


117 


H 

Haiding, (lenrge L 


112 


H««kes,C. W. 


127 


Hemmingway, \V. W 


117 


Herald, Evt- nin^ 


... 86 


Hills, McLeiin A Ha^kins . 


L26 



Indians 



.[ones, Gen. Fidward F 

K 

Kent, George A., residence 

Kirkwood. Town of 

L 

Leader, Binghamton 

Lisle, Town of 

Lowe,' H. F 

Lowell lousiness College 

M 

McF'arland, Dr. F. H 

Maine, Town of 

Manufactures and Wholesale 

Medical Profes>ion 

Military History 

Miscellaneous 

Monroe, S E., residence 

Mosher, W. Paul 

Mulford, .\lonzo 

N 
Nanticoke, I'owii of. 

Noosbickle, S. L, 

North Side Hotel 

Noyea, Joseph P 



O 



Oaks, The 

Opera Houses 

Orton, Dr. .lohn G 

Osborne, Mrs. Melinda. residence 

P 
Park, A. R 



11 

96 

50 
49 

91 
47 

118 
76 

100 
49 

9.T 

99 

. 27 

86 

55 

. 180 

122 

4« 

I8u 

134 

. l«l 

. 132 
29, 34 

98 

84 

129 



1.^5 



Peck, HiiHin H , residence 104 

Pike, H. H 120 

' " residence 107 

Police and Fire Department 83 

Post office 8, 21 

Prominent Citizens 120 

Public Buildings 21 

R 

Railroads 16, 79 

Religious and Charitable Instit'ns 83 

Republican, Binghamton 113 

Riley's Business College 75 

Koad.s 15 

Kosr Park, views 81 

S 

San ford, Tou n of 62 

Schools 73 

Scott, E.J 68 

SeyiiK.ur, Dr Charles W . 98 

Edward W Ul 

>liatlVr, John 11 130 

Shore?, Charles E 88 

Slater, Dr. Frank E 98 

Sociel les . 93 

St. Joseph's Academy 133 

Starr A Mungle 131 

State Hospital 6, 25 

Stephens & Co ^05 

Stoutenberg, U. A 127 

Susquehanna Valley Home 7, 69 

T 

Taylor, Rev. Edward D 90 

Tompkins, Maurice A 123 

Topography 19 

triangle, Town of 52 

rniiiian, James C, residence . -54 

U 

I'iiit.ii, Tuwn of o7 

V 

Valenune, (.allatia (' 128 

Valri, Leon E 65 

WjImI, Tow n of 10 

W 

Warner Plumbing Co 134 

Water Works si 

Webster, Dr tUiarles K KX) 

West, Dr. Silas 99 

Whitney-Noyes Seed Co 112 

White, J. A 125 

Wilcox, Dr. Henry W 125 

Williams, E. A 130 

Windsor, Town of .59 

Y 

Young Men's Christian Ass'n 80 



J 92fi