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BRYAN LIFE replaces both the BRYAN 
NEWSETTE (1935-75) and the BRYAN BLUE- 
PRINT U 967-75) and will be issued quarterly. This 
change is one of several growing out of an evaluation 
with outside consultants of the total administrative 
program over the past three years. The plan is to 
combine the NEWSETTE and BLUEPRINT into one 
new magazine and to conserve the essential charac- 
teristics of the former publications but in a new 
format with an expanded purpose and an indivi- 
duality all its own. 

The NEWSETTE has had an honorable history of 
forty years, the archives reveaUng that the first issue 
came out in July, 1935. It was devoted primarily to 
news of the Bryan community in the detail which 
would be of interest to those with a close connection 
with the college. The BL UEPRINT was inaugurated 
to provide a service ministry dealing with ideas and 
current issues, including those of special interest to 
the evangelical community. This publication was di- 
rected to a more Umited mailing list of business and 
professional people, alumni donors, and other friends 
who had indicated an interest in receiving that kind 
of publication. We bid farewell to these old friends 
and say that we expect to combine the strengths of 
the old in the new with an added dimension. The 
BR YANETTE, devoted to alumni news and the 
affairs of the alumni association, will continue. 

Choosing a name was not easy. A contest was held 
in the college community offering a prize of S50 to 
the person submitting the winning title. Numerous 
names were suggested, with one avid contestant sub- 
mitting seventeen entries! BR YAN LIFE was chosen 
from among three or four judged to be final suitable 
possibilities. It was submitted by Russell L. Bailey, of 
Endicott, N.Y., a member of the 1975 graduating 
class. Russell and Marian were choice members of our 
community for his senior year, Russell transferring 
from a community college and a Bible school. 

We are interested in your reactions to BR YAN 
LIFE, especially to the content. Suggestions as to 
how the new publication can best serve the interests 
of the college and the constituency will be welcome. 
We plan to include articles by and about trustees, 
alumni, students, faculty, staff, and friends of the 
college. We are using the services of an outside editor 
for layout and production. The printing will be done 
outside the area and mailing procedures wiU conform 
to the fact that our mailing list is now on computer. 
Let us hear from you. 

Theodore C. Mercer 


Volume 1 

Fall 1975 

Number 1 

Dr. Theodore C. Mercer, Executive Editor 

Robert C. HUl. Editor 

John Weyant, Managing Editor 
Shirley Holmes, Circulation Manager. 

Consulting Editors: Dr. John Bartlett, Larry Levenger, 
Rebecca Peck and Charles Robinson. Editorial Office, 
William Jennings Bryan College, Dayton, Tennessee 37321. 
Publishing Office, Cross Roads Publications, Inc., 2110 
Silver Hill Road, Stone Mountain, Georgia 30083, 


CAMPUS REVIEW: A bird's-eye view of upcoming 3 

sports, campus activities, faculty happenings and 
news of interest. 

ECHOES FROM MAIN STREET - 1925: After 50 4 
years people throughout the nation still talk and 
debate the famous Scopes trial that took place in 
Dayton, Tennessee, the home of Br>'an College. By 
Charles Robinson. 

probably mention httle about the failure of the Viet- 
nam War. But there are many apparent victories as 
described by a veteran Christian missionar\'. By Dr. 
Ernest W. Lee 

CHRIST ABOVE ALL: Behind the motto of Br\an 12 
College there is an underlying concept which spells 
out the reason for the existence of Bryan College. By 
Dr. Theodore C. Mercer. 

MORE THAN A MEMORIAL: A monument to a 14 
great leader is now being constructed. But it will be 
more than a brick and mortar memorial in the years 
to come. By Dr. John Bartlett 

Cover personalities: Bryan student Paula Purser and Paula 
Argo symbolize the "Big Brother'Big Sister" campus pro- 
gram for children of the community. Cover photos by 
Cunnyngham Photography. Dayton. Tennessee. 

BRYAN LIFE is published four times annually for WiUiam 
Jennings Br>'an College. Dayton, Tennessee, by Cross Roads 
Publications. Second class postage paid at Dayton, 

Copyright 1975 


Wmiam Jennings Bryan CoUege 

Dayton, Tennessee 


ampus Reviei^v 


Student Union is excited 
about tlie activities in store 
for this year, which include 
several musical groups, as 
The Anita Bryant Singers, Pat 
C Terry, The Renaissance, Jack 
Q^; Ross and others. President 
Gary Franklin, Junior, West- 
land, Mich., promises 
"originality and hard work 
from our student leaders to 
provide enjoyment for all our 

The Bryan College Stu- 
dent Union is an organization 
of eighteen students represent- 
ing a cross-section of our col- 
lege community. The stated 
purpose is "to provide stu- 
dent-oriented activities and 
promote a cultural, social, 
and recreational program 
which shall aim to make free- 
time activity a supportive 
factor in education." 

A well-quaUfied group of 
officers will work with Mr. 
Franklin this year in Student 
Union. They include: Vice 
President of Activities, 
Roddy Miller, senior, Colum- 
bia, S.C. Vice Piesident of 
Personnel, Gary Criswell, 
senior, Richmond, Va. Secre- 
tary, Carol Kincaid, junior, 
Lynchburg, Va. Treasurer, 
Tim Staples, sophomore, 
Waxhaw, N.C. Publicity 
Manager, Beth Davies, junior, 
Jackson, Miss. 


Enrollment at Bryan Col- 
lege in regular credit courses 
for the first semester reached 
619 by early September, an 
increase of 55 or 9.8% over a 
year ago. Of this total enroll- 
ment, 585 are full-time stu- 
dents compared with 535 a 
year ago, an increase of 50 or 
9.3%. Dormitory enrollment 

rose from 436 last fall to 497, 
a 14% increase. The full-time 
equivalent (full time plus 
part-time equated to full 
time) is 597 compared to 546 
a year ago, for a basic net in- 
crease of 9%. These enroll- 
ment statistics do not include 
registration in continuing 


"The Lions will thrive in 
'75" is the motto of this 
year's soccer team at Bryan. 
Coach John Reeser expects 
16 returning lettermen, in- 
cluding 1 starters, plus 2 
transfers and 1 freshmen. 

"Seven seniors have com- 
piled a record of 25 wins, 16 
losses, and 3 ties during their 
career," states Coach Reeser. 

{ : 

"Last year's team broke or 
tied 18 team and individual 
records with a 15-2-1 
record," Coach Reeser added. 


With record-setting Tom 
Potter leading the way, Bryan 
College's cross-country team 
should be hard to beat in 
1975. "The Lions have a 
difficult schedule, but they 
also have the runners to do 
the job," Jeff Tubbs, 
manager, said. 

In addition to Potter, who 
set seven different course 
records last fall, four other 

lettermen return to give the 
Lions a great deal of depth. 
Chris Hatten, Mike Wood, 
Tom Lane and Wayne Scott 
are the men, along with 
Potter, Coach Matthes is 
counting on to provide 
leadership for this year's 

Bryan will be out to 
defend its SCAC champion- 
ship and try for another un- 
defeated regular season in the 
league. The harriers will also 
be running in the Fisk Invita- 
tional (1st place in 1974) and 
attending the NCCAA 
national meet (4th place in 

With a bumper crop of 
new runners expected to join 
the veterans and the coaching 
experience of Mr. Jake 
Matthes, Bryan's cross- 
country fans can't help 
smiling when they think 
about the upcoming season. 


The good news in finances 
this past year was the ending 
of the fiscal year on June 30 
in the black in the operating 
(current) fund. Total gifts 
and grants to the college for 
the year, not including col- 

continued on page ' 

FALL 1975 


Srom Main Street 

Famed criminal lawyer Qarence Darrow, left, counsel for the defense, and William Jennings 
raie photograph of them together during the heat of the Scopes trial, Dayton, Tennessee, July 

Aoward the closing hours of the 
now-famous Scopes evolution trial in 
Dayton, Tennessee, in a sultry July, 
1925, William Jennings Bryan 
prepared an address summarizing his 
case for the prosecution and 
answering the final arguments of the 
defense attorney and acknowledged 
agnostic, Clarence Darrow. Mr. Bryan 
never got the opportunity to deliver 
his last speech because the trial ended 
rather abruptly with the conviction of 
John T. Scopes. In his speech, which 
the college has reprinted as part of its 
observance of the fiftieth anniversary 
of the trial, Mr. Bryan wrote, in part: 
"Let me, in the first place, congratu- 
late our cause that circumstances have 
committed the trial to a community 
like this and entrusted the decision to 
a jury made up largely of the yeo- 
manry of the state." 

What were those circumstances 
which "committed the trial to a com- 
munity like" Dayton? How did it 
come about that the trial was held in 
obscure Dayton, Tennessee, and not 

elsewhere. Were there not better- 
known and more populous towns 
which could have been chosen as the 
scene of the trial? Why not some great 
American metropolis with an institu- 
tion of higher learning in its midst, 
rather than, as Bryan described the 
area, "the calm serenity of the 
country"? The ST. LOUIS POST-DIS- 
PA TCH at the time asked-. 

"Why Dayton - of all Places?" 

The answer to this and other 
questions surfaced during the annual 
Founders Week observance at Bryan 
College, March 17-22. The dates 
spanned the birthday of Mr. Bryan on 
March 19. Three distinguished scholars 
each dealt with a different aspect of 
Mr. Bryan's brilliant and multifaceted 

Dr. Willard Smith, professor 
emeritus of history, Goshen (Tnd.) 
College, spoke on "William Jennings 
Bryan at Dayton: A View Fifty Years 
Later"; Dr. Edwin Hollatz, professor 

Bryan, counsel for the prosecution, pause for this 

of speech and communication at 
Wheaton (111.) College, presented 
William Jennings Bryan as orator and 
Chautauqua speaker; and Dr. Warren 
AUem, Bryan alumnus of Egg Harbor 
City, N. J., lectured on the Scopes 
Trial, using the research he did in 
writing his thesis for a master's degree 
in history. 

Both Dr. Smith and Dr. Allem 
agreed that it was by design rather 
than by accident that Dayton became 
the scene of the most widely covered | 
court case in American history. 

Dayton had once been a prosperous 
town, which in 1925 was suffering 
from an economic slump. The 
mountain behind Dayton, according to 
Dr. Allem, was rich in coal and iron 
ore. Several iron furnaces were started, 
but it was later discovered that the ore 
was of poor quality, not suitable for 
commercial use. About 1912 the 
contract ran out, and with the coming 
of World War I further efforts to pro- 
duce iron either from the Dayton mine 
or from ore barged down the 
Tennessee River had to be abandoned. 


by Charles Robinson 

Enterprising local citizens tried 
vainly to promote industry by intro- 
ducing cotton gins, and local farmers 
were induced to try raising cotton, but 
the land was not suited to the growing 
of cotton. Other ventures were begun, 
but these, too, proved futile. 

^% round 1925 many folk in Dayton 
were thinking about what might be 
done to get the town out of its slump. 
How could attention be focused upon 

There was a man in Dayton by the 
name of George Rappleyea, who had 
come from New York by way of 
Chattanooga. He worked as an agent 
to help dispose of real estate belonging 
to the now defunct Cumberland Coal 
and Iron Company. He read in the 
newspaper that the American Civil 
Liberties Union was trying to get a test 
case to challenge the constitutionality 
of the Tennessee statute which made it 
unlawful for a teacher in the public 
schools of the state "to teach any 
theory that denies the story of the 
Divine Creation of man as taught in 
the Bible, and to teach instead that 
man has descended from a lower order 
of animals." Mr. Rappleyea suggested 
to Mr. Earl Robinson, operator of the 
local drug store, and to the Hicks 
brothers, attorneys, that if a trial of 
this kind could be held in Dayton the 
eyes of the nation would be turned 
upon the hapless town. John T. 
Scopes, a young math teacher and 
coach, was teaching a course in high 
school biology that year. He was 
sought out, and, at a meeting in 
Robinson's Drug Store, he agreed to 
become the culprit in the case by 
deliberately violating the contested 

Their well-laid plans were almost 
wrecked when certain interests in the 
city of Chattanooga decided they 
wanted the trial there for much the 
same reason for which the Dayton 
leaders sought it. The Chattanooga 
folk sought to bring about a change of 
venue, so that the Scopes trial could 
be held there. When this failed, an 
attempt was made to get a Chatta- 
nooga teacher to stand trial. 

Bill Morgan, head of the Dayton 
Progressive Club, realizing that some- 
thing had to be done, arranged for 
George Rappleyea to make a talk on 
evolution. A fight was staged which 
broke up the meeting. This was widely 
publicized and succeeded in bringing 
the attention of the press back to 
Dayton, and away from Chattanooga. 

And so it came to pass that the 
Scopes trial was held in Dayton, 

Looking Back from 1975 
1. Some problems and weaknesses 

Dr. Willard Smith maintained that 
Mr. Bryan made a mistake in accepting 
the invitation to come to Dayton in 
the first place. He probably hastened 
his death by so doing. Dr. AUem adds 
that Mr. Bryan had previously said 
that he would come to Dayton if the 
prosecution invited him. Clarence 
Darrow had also expressed his willing- 
ness to come. Those who wanted to 
put Dayton on the map could hardly 
resist the opportunity to bring these 
two nationally known figures together 
in Dayton. 

The speakers also agreed that the 
journalistic crowd had pre-determined 
which side it was going to champion. 
About two hundred reporters con- 
verged on Dayton to cover the trial. 
Almost to a man they were anti-Bryan 
and pro-Darrow. Together they gave 
Bryan a bad press. Particular harm was 
done by H. L. Mencken, then editor of 
was a forceful and vivid writer and had 
much responsibility for the erroneous 
view about Mr. Bryan, which has 
persisted to the present day. 

A good deal of the genera! public 
impression of Mr. Bryan and of 
Dayton derives from the stage play, 
"Inherit the Wind," which was later 
made into a movie and premiered in 
Dayton in 1960. Although the authors 
of the play are careful to state in the 
prologue that their work is not 
history, that "only a handful of 
phrases have been taken from the 
actual transcript of the famous trial" 
and that the play "does not pretend to 

be journahsm" but "theater," still the 
historical interest evoked by the pre- 
sentation causes most people to think 
of it as history. 

Dr. Smith contends that Bryan, 
having come to Dayton to participate 
m the prosecution of John T. 
Scopes, should have stuck with the 
original issue: did Scopes violate the 
law? No one doubted that the law had 
been violated; and when the court got 
around to dealing with the original 
charge, the conviction of Scopes was a 
foregone conclusion. Mr. Bryan should 
not have gone on the witness stand 
and allowed himself to be cross- 
examined by Clarence Darrow; how- 
ever, he agreed because he did not 
want to appear in the public eye to be 
running away from Darrow's withering 
questions. He saw himself in the role 
of defender of the faith, and this was 
one way to defend it. He did so, how- 
ever, with the understanding that he 
would be able in turn to interrogate 
Darrow; but he was never given that 

,__^ 2. Some strengths 

iE^ryan himself saw the issue as the 
right of the people to control their 
own schools through their elected 
representatives in the legislature. He 
asserted at the close of his last mes- 

"It is for the jury to determine 
whether this attack upon the Christian 
religion shall be permitted in the pub- 
lic schools of Tennessee by teachers 
employed by the state and paid out of 
the public treasury. This case is no 
longer local, the defendant ceases to 
play an important part. The case has 
assumed the proportions of a battle- 
royal between unbelief that attempts 
to speak through so-called science and 
the defenders of the Christian faith, 
speaking through the legislators of 
Tennessee. It is again a choice between 
God and Baal; it is also a renewal of 
the issue in Pilate's court. In that his- 
toric trial - the greatest in history - 
force, impersonated by Pilate, 
occupied the throne. Behind it was the 
Roman government, mistress of the 
world, and behind the Roman govern- 

L 1975 

merit, the legions of Rome. Before 
Pilate stood Christ, the Apostle of 
Love. Force triumphed; they nailed 
Him to the tree and those who stood 
around mocked and jeered and said, 
'He is dead.' But from that day the 
power of Caesar waned and the power 
of Christ increased. In a few centuries 
the Roman government was gone and 
its legions forgotten; while the cruci- 
fied Lord has become the greatest fact 
in history and the growing Figure of 
all time." 

Looking back now after fifty years, 
one can see clearly that Mr. Bryan was 
not the bitter old man, nor yet the 
bumbling bigot, which Darrow and the 
press represented him to be. His fore- 
sight and progressiveness are evident in 
that many of the reforms he advocated 
have become reality. Among these 
were the direct election of U. S. 
senators, the graduated federal income 
tax, and many others. 

Mr. Bryan was an evangehcal Chris- 
tian with a strong sense of social jus- 
tice. He kept clear the connection be- 
tween regeneration and the improve- 
ment of society. A great optimist, he 
was a strong believer in the power of 
the Gospel. A conservative in religion, 
he was progressive in politics, econo- 
mics, and in social reform. When asked 
how he could be a conservative in 
theology and a progressive in politics, 
Bryan replied: "Government is man- 
made, and therefore, imperfect. If 
Christ is the final Word, how can any- 
one be progressive in religion? I am 
satisfied with the God we have, with 
the Bible, and with Christ." 

From the vantage point of today, 
the Scopes trial can be viewed as an 
attack upon the integrity of the Scrip- 
tures. If the Bible account of creation 
can be exploded as a Babylonian 
myth, if the Bible is not trustworthy 
on this basic issue, can it be relied 
upon as trustworthy on any issue? 
Either the Bible is the inerrant Word 
of God, or it is not. William Jennings 
Bryan at Dayton, Tennessee, in 1925 
took the position that "holy men of 
God spake as they were moved by the 
Holy Ghost" (2 Pt. 1:21) and that "all 
Scripture is given by inspiration ot 
God and is profitable ..." (2 Tim. 
3:16). Having taken that position, he 
defended it to the death. 

Today the college founded in his 
honor and bearing his name carries on 
in the same evangelical tradition and in 
the admonition of the Apostle Paul to 
"be strong in the grace that is in Christ 
Jesus. And the things which thou hast 
heard among many witnesses, the same 
commit thou to faithful men [and 
women] , who shall be able to teach 
others also." (2 Tim. 2:1,2). BL 


Why Defend 



by Dave Lle^wellyn 

David Llewellyn ('66) is a law student at the Uni- 
versity of California at Los Angeles, a former col- 
lege English teacher and a writer of a syndicated 
column carrying a Christian emphasis. 

▼▼hen Clarence Darrow's famed 
courtroom finesse outmaneuvered 
William Jennings Bryan at the 
"Monkey Trial" in 1925, many people 
supposed that the debate between the 
Creationists and the Evolutionists was 
finally settled in favor of Darwin over 
the Bible. Yet now, 50 years later, 
newspapers report serious discussion 
taking place in several states, including 
California and Georgia, concerning the 
possible adoption of pubhc school . 
textbooks which include creation as a 
credible theory of the genesis of the 

Why do the Creationists bother? Is 
it that they just can't stand losing? Or 
in this argument, which has now been 
continuing for over 100 years, is there 
something spiritually significant at 

Christians who believe the Bible is 
accurate in every respect, scientifically 
and historically, as well as spiritually— 
and 1 am one of them— recognize vast 
significance in the doctrine of 
creation as recorded in the Bible. 

The creation account in Genesis, 
for example, not only explains the 
origin of the universe but also reveals 
the nature, authority, and purposes of 
God and of Man. The first chapters ex- 
plain that God chose to create the 
world because He wanted it to exist 
and that He thought His creation, in- 
cluding mankind, was "very good." 
What a different self-concept we have 
when we realize that God likes people! 
He loves us individually! Rather than 

being a meaningless accident of nature, 
we were purposefully designed and 
given responsibility over the world. 

God's authority, furthermore, 
absolutely controls all nature. Both 
energy and matter were created by 
God's commands from "nothing," that 
is, from spiritual resources. Another 
passage explains that the material 
world was not created out of visible 
substances. If the superiority of 
spiritual forces over physical ones were 
not known, it would be ludicrous for 
anyone to prefer to depend on faith 
and spiritual truths, rather than on his 
personal abiUties or financial security. 
Evolutionists understandably do 
ridicule supernaturalism. 

^^nd there is a point to the' world. 
Unhke evolution, which necessarily 
emphasizes the similarities between 
Man and the animals, the Biblical ac- 
count of creation stresses the image 
and likeness of God in us. Under God, 
we have been given the responsibility 
to control and manage the world, and 
more importantly we have been 
created with an inborn capacity to 
know God personally. 

The reality of a loving God within 
personal contact with every man is 
inimical to nearly every evolutionary 
theory. Christians do not care about 
abstract theories, but they do care 
very much about God and about peo- 
ple. That's why the credibility of the 
Creation theory is a concept worth 
contending for. BL 


Campus Revie'w 


lege work-study, were 
544 8,000. By major cate- 
gories these gifts were desig- 
nated as follows: SI 84.000 
operating fund: S 141.000 en- 
dowment fund: and SI 23.000 
plant gifts for Rudd Chapel. 


Bry^an welcomed four new 
faculty members as the 
forty-sLxth year of the school 
began. These were introduced 
at the faculty -staff spiritual 
retreat at the Harrj" Johnson 
cabin on the shores of Watts 
Bar Lake August 25 and 26 
and again at the BWA picnic 
on the triangle .\ugust 28. 

Dr. Paul J. Biggers, 
associate professor of educa- 
tion, comes from DeKalb 
Community' CoUege, Decatur, 
Georgia, where he was pro- 
fessor of political science. He 
formerh' taught at Florida 
State UniversitV', where he 
earned his Ph.D. in education. 

Mr. Martin E. HartzeU. 
assistant professor of biology", 
has been a teaching assistant 
in zoolog>^ and a research 
associate at Indiana Univer- 
sity', where he pursued studies 
on his doctoral program. 

Mr. W. Gar>- Phillips, in- 
structor in Bible and Greek, is 
a 1975 graduate of Dallas 
Theological Seminary. He wiU j 
assume some of the teaching 
load of Dr. John Anderson, 
who is on a partial sabbatical 
leave this year. 

Mr. Bryan Shelley, in- 
structor in English, is a 1971 
graduate of Br^an. He returns 
to his alma mater after earn- 
ing his M.A. in English in 
1973 from Appalachian State 
University. Boone. North 
Carohna. He was employed 
for nearly two years as sports 
editor of the Laurens County 
I S.C. I AJrertiser. 


Many of Bryan's faculty 
members were busily engaged 
in various academic pursuits 
during the summer. 

Dr. John B. Bartlett. vice 
president and academic dean, 
led his tenth tour to Europe 
June 16 — July 8, visiting 
Scotland, England, Belgium, 
Holland, Austria, Switzer- 
land, and France. He was ac- 
companied by, among others, 
Mrs. Ruth Bartlett. assistant 

The Bartletts 
professor of music; Miss 
Zelpha Russell, director of 
admissions; Mrs. Rebecca Van 
Meeveren, assistant director 
of Ubrary services; and Mr. 
Ben Purser, a local trustee of 

Dr. Bartlett also attended 
the Academic Commission of 
the Council for the Advance- 
ment of Small Colleges, 
where he was one of three 
college deans who served in 
an advisor^' capacity for the 
CASC annual summer work- 
shop August 4-8 at Lake 
Forest fill.) College. The 
theme of the workshop was 
administrative development. 

Dr. Ralph B. Paisley, 
associate professor of 
biology-, attended the first In- 
ternational Conference on 
Human Engineering and the 
Future of Man at Wheaton 

Dr. J. James Greasby. 
chairman of fine arts division, 
attended the 15-day annual 
Robert Shaw workshop in 
Princeton, New Jersey. The 
workshop was devoted to the 
intensive study and inter- 
pretation of two choral 
works, one by Bach and one 
by Beethoven. 

Mr. WiUiam Kefchersid, 
associate professor at Bryan, 
participated in an advance in- 
service faculty development 
program. He was one of 
forty-five professors taking 
part and was invited by the 
Council for the Advancement 
of Small Colleges. The 
program was funded by the 
Kellogg Foundation. 
Ketchersid is also head of the 
department of histor\- and 
social science, chairman of 
the division, and. former 
chairman of the faculty 
development council. 

Mr. William Boyd, 
assistant professor of music at 
Bryan, returned to his 
teaching responsibilities after 
a year's sabbatical leave. He 
pursued studies on his doc- 
toral program at Louisiana 
State Universit>^ 

Dr. Merlin Grieser, 
assistant professor of chemis- 
try, was accepted into a 
summer program for science 
and engineering faculty by 
the Special Training Division 
of Oak Ridge .A.ssociated Uni- 
versities at Oak Ridge. 

Mr. Don HiU. assistant 
professor of education, took 
an accelerated summer course 
at Union Graduate School, 
Portland, Maine, a con- 
sortium of experimenting 
colleges and universities. The 
program was one for innova- 
tion in elementary and secon- 
darv education. 

FALL 1975 


in Catastrophe 

Behold the vahant ones cry 

the envoys of peace weep 

The highways lie waste, 

the wayfaring man ceases. 
Covenants are broken, 

witnesses are despised, 

there is no regard for man. 
The land mourns and languishes. 

oes this sound like Vietnam and 
Cambodia? Isaiah (33:7-9a) penned 
this passage some 2'/2 millennia ago, 
but the description very appropriately 
describes the Vietnam and Cambodia 
we have known for the past several 

Who can deny the tragedy of the 
war in Cambodia and Vietnam? Cer- 
tainly after ten years in Vietnam as a 
missionary, I cannot. Generals have 
wept over Vietnam; Kissinger and 
others are discouraged because their 
attempts at peace have failed. Travel 
has been restricted for years because 
the highways are unsafe and trains 
can not run; covenants have been 
broken; there has been no regard for 
man; and the land still mourns and lan- 
guishes as literally millions of the pop- 
ulace have been displaced by the war. 
Many American men gave their hves 
for Vietnam and a far greater numbej 
of Vietnamese gave their lives; to these 
we may add Australian and Korean 
soldiers, and missionaries and Bible 

Isaiah does not quit with such a dis- 
couraging note but continues in 
33:10; "Now, I will arise," says the 
Lord, "now I will lift myself up, now I_ 
wIIT be exalted ....""THaFGod has done 
this in Vietnam is clearly evident if we 
review some of the things He has done 
during these past few years. 

When we arrived in Vietnam in 
January 1959, there was only one New 

Liong, a Roglai, is teaching the second lesson of the Roglai primer. 

Testament in print in a montagnard 
(Mountain people) language and be- 
lievers in only a few of the tribes. To-' 
day there are six New Testament trans- 
lations either in print or ready for pub- 
lication. Three have been done by the 
Christian and Missionary Alliance and 
three by Wycliffe Bible Translators. 
There are now believers in at least 27 
of the montagnard language groups. 

Militarily and pohtically both Viet- 
nam and Cambodia are a catastrophe, 
but the Holy Spirit is not bound by 
armies and governments. The church 
has been scattered, but remember the 
early church grew when it was scat- 
tered; and I believe God will do the 
same for the church He has been build- 
ing in Vietnam and Cambodia. 

In recent years the number of 
Christian congregations has increased 
from 2 to at least 1 7 in Phnom Penh, 
Cambodia, and in 1972 a revival began 
in the churches of Vietnam with re- 
sults that spread from the ethnic 
Vietnamese to the montagnards. 

Just this past January, according to 
reports, 4000 Rade tribesmen had 
found a new faith in Jesus Christ 
during a three-week series of meetings. 
And this was in the area of 

Banmethuot, the city which fell first 
when it was besieged by North 
Vietnamese Army on March 10. 

The montagnards of Vietnam are 
traditionally animistic— seeking to ap- 
pease the spirits who inhabit the 
mountains, rivers, fields, etc. During 
the war many of them were uprooted 
and became refugees in areas where 
they did not know the spirits and 
were, as a result, responsive, to the 
gospel message. 

virtual people's movement 
among the Haroi is described in the 
Wycliffe prayer bulletin (August 
1973): "When Pong ... helped translate 
Luke's account of Jesus healing lepers, 
his heart was touched as he too needed 
physical healing. That day in 1971 ... 
Pong asked Jesus to save him from his 
sins. As Pong learned more in transla- 
tion sessions from the Haroi team he 
began teUing others. Soon there were 
four believers spreading the Good 
News to friends and relatives. In recent 
months over 300 new behevers have 
been added to the Haroi church. One 
of them is a former witch doctor who 
is now refusing clients even when they 
threaten him at gunpoint !" 


By Ernest Lee 

Some teachers are preparing visual aids for teaching the tribal children to read. 

A 1974 report estimated 90% of 
the Jeh tribe to be Christian, but at 
that time they were almost entirely be- 
hind the lines or scattered. Of the 
Stieng tribe another example of the 
moving of the Holy Spirit is indicated: 
"Over 10,000 Stieng refugees from An 
Loc are living in a large refugee center 
of tents and barracks a few miles from 
Saigon. Hret, the dedicated young 
Stieng evangelist who was so wonder- 
fully spared during the siege of An Loc 
last year [1972], and C&MA 
missionaries have been greatly used of 
the Lord in leading hundreds of these 
refugees to the Lord." (Wycliffe 
prayer bulletin, January 1973) 

Not ever>' tribe has exp;rienced 
movements of this kind, but the 
potential for such a movement still 
exists. For example, from tlie large 
Nung tribe of North Vietnam who are 
represented by only a small group of 
refugees in the South, there were for 
several years only two women be- 
lievers. For years Jan Saul and Nancy 
Freiberger WDson (Bryan College 
alumna) had requested prayer for the 
Nung patriarch who had been so kind 
to them, but who was enslaved as a 

priest of witchcraft. Finally, three 
months before his death in 1974, he 
put his faith in Christ and was a 
faithful witness to the end. Can we 
trust God to work among the Nung 
through the testimony borne and the 
portions of the Word left with these 

Speaking of the Word, we have 
already seen what has happened when 
Pong, the Haroi translation helper, 
became a Christian. Let's see what the 
Lord did for the Chrau tribe. 

A Chrau boy named Cam came to 
Dave and Dot Thomas's house to join 
the reading class. He was the top stu- 
dent, and eventually became a believer 
in Christ. 

hen they needed a ' language 
helper, the Thomases sought Cam (by 
then a teenager) to work for them. 
About to join the army, he realized 
their request to be God's direction for 
him. That was 1968, and Cam has 
been a part of the Chrau translation 
team ever since. 

He tutored Dave and Dot in 
speaking Chrau, while Dave coached 
him in the 3 R's. They worked 

together on dictionaries, language 
analysis, literacy materials, cultural 
studies and translation of God's Word. 
Gifted and keen to learn, Cam grew 
rapidly in knowledge. Dot now 
estimates his language work to be 
college level, though he never finished 
grade school. He attended Bible school 
two years. 

As he helped the Thomases check 
their translation of various Bible books 
in Chrau, Cam picked up the princi- 
ples. Soon he was translating too. He 
did the first draft of Matthew and 
Luke. WhUe Dave and Dot were on 
furlough. Cam did not quit. He trans- 
lated Revelation, then attended the 
SIL Translation Workshop, where 
consultants checked his work. 

These past few years miracle upon 
miracle has been witnessed as the Lord 
has provided translation helpers from 
languages which were not otherwise 
accessible at the time, sometimes a pri- 
soner, sometimes one sick or wounded 
in a hospital. The translation of the 
Word into these tribal languages, al- 
though not as fast as we would have 
liked, has moved steadily onward. 

Nancy Costello, a translator from 
Australia for the Katu tribe, wrote: 

"My new Katu helper, Sre, is a 
High Katu from the Laotian border 
west of Danang, about 28 years of age. 
She is a widow who was shot in a 
battle between a U.S. Patrol and VC 
soldiers and who was taken to a U.S. 
hospital in Danang. She says that she 
knew the U.S. nurses loved her and 
were trying to heal her even though 
they had strange tubes and needles in 
her body. She says she knew they were 
curing her by returning blood to her. 

"She is keen to learn to read and 
studies constantly. She wanted to 
learn to read in her village, but her 
husband wouldn't let her.,.. She had 
never heard the Gospel until she went 
to Thuong Due [the village where 
Nancy has worked]. She thought it 
was the best news she had ever heard 
and went to every Katu and 
Vietnamese service, though she can't 

FALL 1975 

understand much Vietnamese. She 
told me with great amazement of one 
Katu lady who went to sleep in 
church. 'I don't know how she can 
sleep! I want to hear every word!' I 
read some of God's Word to her every 
day, but she is even more eager to 
learn to read now so that she can read 
it for herself. I talked to her about 
accepting the Lord, and she was eager 
to do so in prayer. Praise the Lord for 
this. Many have prayed for years for 
the hearts of the High Katu to be 
prepared, and she is an example of the 
preparation God is doing ...!" 

This woman is just one of many 
who have learned to read in order to 
search the Scriptures for themselves. 
You may have already heard the story 
of Ama Panon, the Roglai 
septuagenarian, who had been a 
Christian for more than twenty years 
before he had a real opportunity to 
learn to read in 1974 and who per- 
severed in spite of vision greatly im- 
paired by his advanced age. 

Prior to October, 1964, only 
scattered attempts had been made to 
teach the ethnic minorities of Vietnam 
to read and write their own languages. 
The few schools were operated 
entirely in Vietnamese so that most of 
the montagnard children dropped out 
after a few weeks in school. In 1964 a 
decree was passed authorizing bilingual 
education for the minorities. There 
have been many hindrances along the 
way; but in spite of hindrances, there 
are countless thousands of these tribal 
people who are now literate. Dick 
Watson (WBT/SIL) in his biennial 
director's report (1975) to the 
Vietnam/Cambodia branch says, 
"There have been delays in the literacy 
program, which we'd hoped would be 
running at full steam without our help 
by this time. However, with the re- 
ports of poor programs and non- 
existent programs, I also get reports of 
active programs and new readers in 
many areas. A few weeks ago a Koho 
man was bemoaning some of the 
poorer programs, but ended in a happy 
note by saying, 'We Koho are fortu- 
nate because the Irwins (C&MA) have 
good schools going and many Chris- 
tians are learning to read the Scrip- 
tures in their schools.'" 

From the Bahnar tribe also comes 
an encouraging report of progress in 
hteracy classes in public schools, adult 

literacy classes, and church-related 
literacy programs. One Bahnar pastor 
has about 85 people learning to read in 
four congregations where he is respon- 

The Chru bihngual program suf- 
fered many setbacks, but finally got 
started. In Tuyen Due Province the 
Chru teacher-training workshop was 
suddenly cancelled, along with several 
others, because of a security threat. 
This meant that there could be no 
Chru workshop for at least another 
year because Gene and Carol Fuller 
had already postponed their furlough 
some months in order to finish the 
Chru textbooks and train the teachers 
in their use. It also meant a continua- 
tion of the unhappy situation in Chru 
country, where the teachers have been 
'lobbying' for books in their own lang- 
uage for the past several years and 
have been extremely disgruntled to see 
their Koho neighbors have such books 
while the Chru are neglected. And not 
only was there unhappiness in Chru 
land but also in Saigon, where two or 
three exceptional Chru hold positions 

in government and have often com- 
plained to SIL Directors about the 
neglect of the Chru in the literacy pro- 
gram ... so we all prayed ... and the 
next thing we heard was that the Chru 
teachers had petitioned for special per- 
mission to hold the workshop; per- 
mission was granted; the Lord pro- 
vided security; the Fullers helped at 
the workshop and then came right to 
Saigon and on to the States .... One 
good report they brought was that one 
of the sharpest teachers ... was greatly 
pleased to learn that Gene and Carol 
were fellow believers and earnestly re- 
quested their prayers for his teaching 
and witnessing ministry among both 
his pupils and his fellow teachers. 

Even Vietnamese officials who 
often opposed education in the 
minority languages sometimes had 
their eyes opened. In one area where 
the officials had previously showed 
open hostility, by 1974 they were so 
enthusiastic about the program and 
materials that they were determined to 
continue even without outside help. 

Dr. Ernest Lee, an alumnus of Bryan with the class of 1952, also holds the B.D. and 
Th.M. degrees from Grace Tlieological Seminary and the Ph.D. from Indiana University. He 
has served with Wycliffe Bible Translators since 1956, including two terms in Vietnam from 
1958-1963 and 1966-1971. Since 1972 he has taught courses in advanced phonology and 
linguistics and hteracy at the International Linguistic Center of Wycliffe, Dallas, as an 
associate professor of Unguistics with the University of Texas in Arlington. 



"And they sung a new song, saying, 
Thou art worthy ... for thou wast 
slain, and hast redeemed us ... out of 
every kindred, and tongue and people 
and nation"! Revelation 5:9).The Lord 
had already put a song on the Ups of 
the people of Vietnam. The 
montagnard Christians love to sing. In 
1970 the Lord sent a young Roglai 
boy named Tio of about 16 to live 
with Lois and me in the city of 
Nhatrang. Tio evidenced an ability to 
learn music quickly although what 
little he had learned to play the pump 
organ was vifith very awkward finger- 
ing. At first we had to laugh at the 
way he held his fingers, but very 
quickly he learned the 'noots' as he 
called them. Each week we would 
work on a new hymn: Tio and his aunt 
and I, on the words and Tio and Lois, 
on the music. He would learn the 
melody and the harmony and on Sun- 
day would go to the nearby Roglai vil- 
lage and teach all four parts of the har- 
mony to the newly developing choir 
without the benefit of any instrument. 
Soon he was making up his own 
hymns. The last we knew he was still 
using Western type tunes and harmony 
even though we would have liked to 
see him make use of native Roglai type 

Using native type music, however, 
is something that was just beginning to 
take place in Vietnam. Brah, a Bahnar 
tribesman who had 80% of his body 
burned in an accident, was in the same 
ward in a Saigon hospital with four- 
year-old Jonathan Gregerson, son of 
Bible translators. Jonathan's parents 
brought portions of the Bahnar New 
Testament and played a taped testi- 
mony through which Brah came to 
know the Lord. As a faithful witness, 
he taught a group of young people to 
sing hymns, but the hymns were 
rejected by unbelievers as foreign. 
Brah immediately sat down and wrote 
a new song, using a Bahnar tune! 

Jesus said, "I will build my church; 
and the gates of hell shall not prevail 
against it"(Matthew 16:l8.).Were those 
years Vietnam and Cambodia were 
kept open by American presence 
worth it? Jesus has done a lot of build- 
ing during these years and I am willing 
to claim his assurance that the gates of 
hell shall not prevail against the church 
which he has built there. He can bring 
victory in catastrophe! BL 



Ahree Bryan-related sponsors have 
found expression for their desire to 
help Vietnamese refugees by bringing 
three families to Dayton from Fort 
Chaffee, Ark. Many others in the col- 
lege family and in the community have 
shared to provide for these homeless 

Early in May, Huy Le-Quan, a 1975 
Bryan graduate, learned that his 
brother, Phuc, and his cousin, Mrs. 
Hung Do, with her family of nine had 
escaped from Saigon and were among 
the refugees at the Arkansas Camp. 
Huy's brother was the first to be pro- 
cessed to come to Dayton on May 17, 
and within a week Mr. and Mrs. Do 
came with their six children and Mr. 
Do's mother. 

About a month later, our younger 
student, Quang Chu, learned that his 
aunt's family had escaped by boat and 
had also found refuge at Fort Chaffee 
on May 22. After the processing 
period, this family of Mrs. Cao Nguyen 
with her daughter, Thanh Mai, and her 
son, Toung, came to Dayton together 
with Thanh Mai's fiance, Capt. Mai 
Nguyen and his brother, Lan. On July 
3 1 the engaged couple were united in 
marriage in an American style wedding 
conducted by their sponsor, Dr. T. C. 
Mercer, in the Bryan Chapel. 

A third family of Mr. and Mrs. Tan 
Duong and three of their children, 
who are related to the first family, 

came to Dayton on July 16 to com- 
plete a Vietnamese representation of 
20 refugees, all from Saigon. In 
addition are our two students (one of 
whom has graduated and will be at- 
tending the University of Tennessee at 
Knoxville this fall) through whom 
these families were contacted but 
whose parents have remained in Viet- 
nam without any opportunity for 
communication since April 29. 

A he provision of houses, furniture, 
clothing, and other supplies, plus em- 
ployment for most of the adults, has 
been a united effort by many friends 
in the community and a demonstra- 
tion of the Lord's direction to meet 
many needs. Special efforts are being 
made to minister also to the spiritual 
welfare through fellowship in one of 
the local churches and through Bible 
studies translated into the Vietnamese 
language. In the Bryan family there is 
a keen awareness of this unique oppor- . 
tunity to share our faith in God with 
these newcomers to our community. 
There is a deep concern also for the 
thousands in other American homes 
and communities as well as the still 
greater number who were not able to 
leave their homeland but are confined 
under the new government in Viet- 

We invite you to join in prayerful 
concern for the total welfare of our 
new Vietnamese neighbors and for 
their loved ones still in Vietnam. BL 

FALL 1975 




Above ALL 


by Theodore Mercer 


learly every educational institu- 
tion has a motto, usually a part of the 
official seal, expressing the ideal 
aspiration of that school at the time 
the school was founded and the motto 
chosen. This motto for older colleges 
and universities is usually in Latin; for 
younger schools like Bryan, in English. 
The first motto of Bryan was "God 
Over AH," but in the early years this 
was changed to "Christ Above AH" be- 
cause of the varied and sometimes 
nebulous way in which the term God 
is used. As the late president emeritus, 
Judson A. Rudd, explained, it was felt 
that "Christ Above AH" was more de- 
finitive and conveyed more clearly the 
idea which the pioneer generation of 
Bryan College wished to express. 

If the Bryan community is to ad- 
dress itself seriously to such a 
standard, a question to be answered is: 
Why should Christ be above all? The 
answer to this question is a major part 
of the New Testament message and is 
given in a compact form in Colossians 
1:15-20, where the Apostle Paul sets 
forth explicitly who Christ is. which in 
turn is the reason why He must be the 
preeminent one. 

Jesus Christ is the preeminent one 

1. He "is the image of the invisible 
God" (Col. 1:15a). The Scriptures 
teach that God is a spirit (John 4:24aJ 
who alone has the power of life in 
Himself and whom no one ever has 
seen or can see (1 Tim. 6:16). At the 
same time, the Bible teaches that Jesus 
Christ has fully revealed God to man. 
Jesus says to us, as He said to that 
disciple long ago, "He that hath seen 
me hath seen the Father" (John 14:9). 
This true and complete revelation is 

possible because Jesus Christ is Him- 
self fully God, "the brightness of 
God's glory and the express image of 
his person" (Heb. 1 :3a); and Paul testi- 
fies that all the fullness of deity dwelt 
bodily in Christ (Col. 1:19 and 2:9). 
That we can know this transcendent, 
invisible God is possible because He 
has been fully, completely, and visibly 
revealed in Jesus Christ. Consequently, 
when we want to know what the in- 
visible God is Like, we look at Jesus 
Christ, because it is in Him we can see, 
understand, and know God. 

2. He is the eternal Son of God. In 
the first four centuries of the Christian 
church, every possible error concern- 
ing the nature of the person of Christ 
came to the surface as the theological 
understanding of the concept of how 
God could take on a true human life 
and still be fully God was being 
developed. There are no new errors 
today, only old heresies sometimes 
with new names. In any case, the issue 
as to whether Christ is the pre-existent 
Son of God frorn eternity is crucial. 

The eternity of the Son is express- 
ed in this Colossian passage by three 
terms: (1) "the firstborn of all 
creation" (v. 15b); (2) "He is before 
all things" (v. 1 7a); and (3) "He is the 
beginning" (v 18b). By firstborn is 
meant not that Christ was the first to 
be born but that He existed before all 
creation as the firstborn exists before 
the rest of the family. The term, which 
anticipates the statement "He is before 
all things" of verse 17, also means that 
all creation is Christ's inheritance as 
the firstborn. These statements signify 
Christ's primacy in time and His 
priority to all created things as well as 
His supremacy of authority over all 
things. The third term, "the begin- 
ning," marks out Jesus as the Divine 

Wisdom and connects with Revelation 
3:14, "the beginning of the creation of 
God," and harks back to Proverbs 
8:22, possibly also to Genesis 1:1. 

John testifies to the eternity of the 
Son in the marvelous prologue of his 
gospel (John 1:1-14), a passage to be 
read in its entirety to see this truth in 
its completeness. "!n the beginning 
was the Word, and the Word was with 
God and the Word was God" is the 
pivotal statement of that subUme fact. 
This passage makes clear that the eter- 
nal Word, the Logos from the begin- 
ning, became flesh, dwelt among men, 
and manifested His glory as the unique 
Son of God. The phrase "only begot- 
ten," verse 14 of the prologue and 
John 3:16, can be understood in the 
light of Hebrews 1:5 and 5:5, which 
quote Psalm 2:7, describing the act of 
God in the birth of Jesus, "Thou art 
my son, this day I have begotten 
thee." It is important to distinguish 
here between begotten and made as 
the early Christian creeds were careful 
to do. 

^lone of these expressions indicates 
that Christ became the Son of God at 
His birth but rather they refer to the 
pre-existent Christ Paul describes in 
Philippians 2. As Isaiah points out, 
"Unto us a Child is born, unto us a 
Son is given." The Son was not born; 
the Son was with the Father from all 
ages, but the child Jesus was born in 
Bethlehem when the Word became 

3. He is the creator, not the 
created one-"for by Him were all 
things created ... all things were 
created by Him and for Him" (Col. 
1:16). From the times of Colosse until 
today there have been those who have 
claimed in one way or another that 



Jesus Christ is less than fully God, 
teaching that He was a created being, 
the first of God's creation in eternity. 
One such contemporary group has 
actually interpolated "other" into Col. 
1:16 to support their teaching that 
Christ was the first creation of the 

J'aul refutes this ancient error by 
stating not only that Christ is not a 
created being but that by Him or 
through Him all created things came 
into being. John testifies in his pro- 
logue that "all things were made by 
Him and without Him (or apart from 
Him) was not anything made that was 
made." The writer of Hebrews also 
affirms Christ as the creator (Heb. 
1 : 2c) when he says that it was by the 
Son the Father created the worlds — 
which, in light of Col. 1:16, surely 
means the whole space-time con- 
tinuum. ."Vnd in addition to His being 
set forth as the creator of all things, 
Christ is presented as the upholder and 
sustainer of the universe (Heb. 1:3b 
and Col. l;17b), "upholding the uni- 
verse by the Word of His power." 

4. He is the head of the church, 
the body of believers (Col. 1:18). That 
Christ is the spiritual and living head 
of the whole body of believers is 
clearly stated in Scripture. Paul says 
explicitly that this relationship is 
based on the death of Christ on the 
cross and His resurrection from the 
dead ("the firstborn from the dead" 
— that is, the first one to come from 
the dead, with the power of an endless 
life; see also Rev. 1:17, 18). It is be- 
cause of living union with the crucified 
and risen Christ that the believer is en- 
abled to live the Christian life: ".^.nd 
you, that were sometime alienated and 
enemies in your mind by wicked 
works, yet now hath he reconciled in 
the body of his flesh through death, to 
present you holy and unblameable and 
unreproveable in his sight" (Col. 
1:21-22). This truth brings heaven 
down to earth and makes possible the 
salvation of all who truly believe in 

These truths bring us full circle to 
the climactic statement that Christ 
alone is to be in all things supreme — 
"that in all things He might have the 

preeminence " (Col. 1:18c). Paul sum- 
marizes the reasons for this pre- 
eminence by stating that in Christ are 
hidden "all the treasures of wisdom 
and knowledge" (Col. 2:3) and the be- 
hever is "complete in Him" (Col. 

5 o Bryan as a Christian college 
community with a motto of "Christ 
Above .Ml" comes to its total program 
with this foundation philosophy that 
the ultimate truth is in Jesus Christ 
and that vital Christianity comes about 
when the truth as it is in Jesus Christ is 
accepted and practiced. The Apostle 
Paul sets forth in the Colossian letter 
the absolute superiority of Jesus 
Christ; Bryan College expresses its 
Jiighest ideal and practical ambition in 
its motto, "Christ Above All," with 
the goal that Christ will be truly in all, 
through all, and above all in the lives 
of the members of the college com- 
munity. And though this is a standard 
never perfectly achieved, it can be 
more than a commendable aspiration 
as the members of a community give 
themselves to it. BL 

FALL 1975 

J^ore than 

a mJ emorial 

^^n the cloudless morning of June 
16, 1975, with the early sun shining 
warmly, the long-awaited day of the 
ground-breaking for the Rudd Mem- 
orial Chapel became a reality. During a 
brief but impressive ceremony, includ- 
ing Scripture, hymns and appropriate 
remarks led by Dr. T. C. Mercer, pre- 
sident, and Dr. J. B. Bartlett, vice pre- 
sident, Mrs. Judson A. Rudd and her 
daughter, Mary Frances, turned the 
first shovel of earth at the site which 
would bear the memorial for Dr. J. A. 
Rudd. Many friends, including local 
trustees, trustees emeriti, and other 
long-time friends of Dr. Rudd, attend- 
ed. Equipment from Radio Station 
WDNT enabled on-the-spot broadcast- 
ing of the ceremony. As the crowd dis- 
appeared from the site, bulldozers im- 
mediately moved into position, begin- 
ning excavation for the foundation. 

Dr. Rudd; An Example 

"Lives of great men all remind us 
that our lives can be sublime and de- 
parting leave behind us footprints in 
the sands of time." These words of the 
great American poet, Henry Wads- 
worth Longfellow, frame a fitting ex- 
pression of the life of Dr. Judson A. 
Rudd. In his eulogy at Dr. Rudd's 
memorial service. Dr. Richard 
Cornelius referred to him as "pro- 
fessor, president, treasurer, tractor- 
driver, surveyor, sports enthusiast, 
maintenance expert, money raiser, 
Bible-believer, and brother in the 
Lord." He was all these things, but he 
was more than these. Dr. Judson A. 
Rudd was a spiritual leader whose own 
life exemplified those Christ-like quali- 
ties which he believed should be the 
hallmark of every Bryan student. It 
was fitting, therefore, that one whose 
life was so totally dedicated to the 
cause of Christ and to the service of 
others be memorialized in a special 

When the initial blow of his unex- 
pected death on October 6, 1970, 
passed, Bryan College alumni from 
around the world responded positively 
to the idea of a memorial. They 

initiated the idea that a chapel bearing 
his name be constructed and set the 
alumni goal of $100,000 toward the 
total cost of $500,000, as the building 
was initially planned. There was gen- 
eral agreement, especially among 
alumni, that the Rudd Memorial 
should house the college chapel and 
that its use should be restricted solely 
to spiritual activities. The Equitable 
Church Builders Company of Nashville 
was called upon in early consultation 
and was later employed as architects 
for the project. 

Enthusiasm mounted as a site for 
this imposing new facility was con- 
sidered. A committee including 
trustees, administrators and alumni 
began touring the campus from corner 
to corner, looking for an ideal loca- 
tion. Because of the many advantages, 
including especially the natural eleva- 
tion of the land and the fact that the 
Rudd Memorial would be a proper 
first main building to be seen as one 
approached the college campus, a loca- 
tion was selected just north and east of 
faculty circle on the brow of the large 
hill above the athletic field. The im- 
posing facade of the building would 
face directly south, allowing a sweep- 
ing view of the valley and the Waldens 
Ridge of the Cumberland Mountains. 

As different constituents of the 
college began to consider the concept 
of the memorial as a worship center 
only, many questions were asked. Be- 
cause of inadequate facilities, teaching 
in the Division of Fine Arts was im- 
paired. Each semester the division had 
to turn away students. Voice and 
piano practice areas were inadequate 
for student needs. The expanding art 
department, having been uprooted on 
several occasions because of inade- 
quate space allocations, was moved on 
each occasion to another undesirable 
space. The Division of Fine Arts plead- 
ed for expanded, if not better facili- 
ties. Out of these considerations grew 
the idea of adding the Fine Arts Com- 
plex to the initial chapel proposal. The 
natural elevation of the land selected 
for the site would permit a large 
ground-level area to be developed for 

band and choir rooms, small recital 
hall, offices, classrooms and instru- 
mental practice rooms. With the re- 
vision of the plans to include the Fine 
Arts Complex, the auditorium proper 
was expanded to seat 800 with space 
planned for a future balcony to be 
used initially for seven music studios, 
the Fine Arts Division office, and a 
music library. Should the growth of 
the student body ever demand that 
this fine arts space be used for chapel 
seating, the original design was plan- 
ned so a fine arts wing could be easily 
and attractively added to the initial 
structure. In addition to the large audi- 
torium on the main floor, a small 
prayer chapel seating approximately 
100 people has been designed for the 
purpose of various small convocations. 
In October of 1973 the trustees 
voted to approve the suggestion for 
the addition of the Fine Arts Complex 
to the Rudd Memorial. Once again the 
wheels began turning and many con- 
ferences, including architects, trustees, 
faculty and administration, were set in 
motion. Long hours of give and take 
were spent laboring over initial plans. 
The Equitable Builders of Nashville, 
who were employed by the college for 
the project, now made several trips 
back and forth across the mountains 
to keep us current on the development 
of the plans. With the greatly ex- 
panded facilities now including the 
Fine Arts Complex, plus fast spiraling 
costs, the new projected cost of the 
Rudd Memorial soared to $800,000, 
not including the price of the organ 
for the sanctuary or room furnishings. 
To add a spark of enthusiasm to the 
project, the trustees had voted earlier 
that the spire designed by art instruc- 
tor, Wayne Hook, which was to be- 
come a part of the completed 
memorial, should be ordered and 
erected at homecoming in October of 
197 2. The mid-October day was 
glorious and many alumni and friends 
who knew and loved Dr. Rudd 
gathered for this impressive ceremony. 
Four crosses at the base circling the 
center spire topped with a four-faceted 
cross reaching 75 feet toward the sky 



was raised, signifying tlie fact that one 
day this would be the spot where the 
Bryan College family would worship. 

The Rudd Memorial Chapel and 
Fine Arts Complex had now become 
the biggest undertaking the college had 
ever attempted. It seemed that only 
through a miracle could so small a col- 
lege raise nearly 51,000,000 for the 
completion of this gargantuan task. Al- 
though there was great initial en- 
thusiasm, financial support came in 
slowly. The alumni response was most 
gratifying; but the SI 00,000 which 
they had pledged, a large part of which 
was now in hand, was still a small part 
of the total. A new thrust for the pro- 
ject was badly needed. 

In February of 1973 the trustees 
asked Dr. Bartlett to consider 
shouldering the responsibility of fund- 
raising for the Rudd Memorial. Much 
reflection was given to this tremen- 
dous undertaking but at the May meet- 
ing of the board he agreed to oversee 
the task. Larry Levenger, an alumnus 
of the college, was hired to assist in 
the fund raising for this project. An 
intensified campaign was begun. 

In his previous work, Mr. Levenger 
had successfully used an audio-visual 
presentation which was not much 
larger than a briefcase and which could 
be shown very simply in one-to-one 
contacts. He envisioned this as being a 
much-needed tool in telling the Bryan 
College story emphasizing the need of 
the Rudd Memorial. Dr. Mercer, Dr. 
Bartlett and he immediately began this 
phase of the program, working with 
the professional council of the staff of 
Filmsound Studios in CoUegedale, 
Tennessee. Very carefully and very 
slowly a script was developed telling 
the Bryan College story. A profes- 
sional photographer came to campus 
and captured every facet of college 
life. After many revisions the script 
was finished and select pictures were 
chosen from the hundreds which had 
been taken. The two were syn- 
chronized by Filmsound Studios and a 
ten-minute professional audio-visual 
presentation, an excellent piece of 
publicity material, was ready to be 

Dr. Mercer and Mrs. Judson A. Rudd. 

carried far and near sharing the story 
and the need. Alumni, college donors, 
and foundations— all were able to see 
an up-to-date picture of Bryan College. 

Gifts toward the Rudd Memorial 
began to come in at an accelerated 
pace. By this time the alumni had 
reached their goal of 5100,000 and 
were considering what would be a rea- 
sonable mark beyond this point for 
them to achieve. An intensified cam- 
paign was developed within the im- 
mediate college family including 
faculty, staff and administration, the 
college trustees, and the Rhea County 
Advisory Council. Each of these 
groups responsed enthusiastically. 

By now the word concerning the 
Rudd Memorial was beginning to 
spread, and larger donations were 
being received. A retired citrus grower 
and his wife, impressed with the pro- 
gram of Bryan College, simply as he 
knew it through the sharing of an 
alumnus, sent a gift of 550,000. A per- 
sonal friend of the chairman of the 
board of trustees sent a gift of 
525,000. An acquaintance of one of 
the administrators of the college 
shared the need with a great indus- 
trialist who sent a check for $25,000. 
Personal friends of a Bryan faculty 
member gave a gift of 525,000 for the 
prayer chapel. An area foundation 
gave a gift of 525,000 and the Kresge 
Foundation of Troy, Michigan, has 
made a challenge gift of $50,000. 
These larger gifts, combined with 
multitudes of smaller ones from faith- 
ful Bryan College supporters, have 
brought the total amount in contri- 
butions and pledges to slightly over 

Each day brings new progress in the 
project and the proposed completion 
date for the fall of 1976 is anticipated. 
The $800,000 figure for the project 
does not include organ and piano for 
the sanctuary or the furnishings for 
classrooms. Memorial opportunities 
are available for those interested in the 
project. Your inquiries are invited and 
should be addressed to the attention 
of Dr. John B. Bartlett. vice president 
of the college. BL 


Bryan CoUegS 
challenge grant of $50,000 from tH 
Kresge Foundation of Troy, Michigan. 
Announcement of the grant was made 
to college personnel on July 21 by Dr. 
John B. Bartlett, vice president of the 

The grant was made toward com- 
pletion of the Rudd Memorial Chapel 
and fine arts comple.x already undei 
construction. Ground was broken for 
the new facility on June 16. 

According to Dr. Theodore C. Mer- 
cer, president of Bryan, the chapel was 
conceived by the alumni association as 
a memorial to the late Dr. Judson A. 
Rudd, who served the college as pro- 
fessor, treasurer, president, and presi- 
dent emeritus from 1931 untU his 
death in 1970. 

The Kresge Foundation, one of the 
largest in the United States in size of 
assets and appropriations, was created 
solely through the gifts of the late 
Sebastian S. Kresge. Although Mr. 
Kresge was also the founder fo the S.S. 
Kresge Company, the Foundation and 
the Company are not related in any 

Most Foundation support is in the 
form of challenge grants to institutions 
in the fields of education, health 
services, the arts, social welfare, and 
care of the young and the aging. Con- 
struction and major renovation of fa- 
cilities is the Foundation's primary 
concern. A few policy exceptions, con- 
fined to the Metropolitan Detroit area 
where the Foundation has its head- 
quarters, have been made solely on the 
initative of the Trustees. 

Completion of the Rudd Memorial 
Chapel will be the capstone of the 
ten-year development program 
adopted by the Bryan College Board 
of Trustees in 1964. 






Rliea County 



$ 46,483 

S 70,632 




Faculty and 







Rudd Family 






Interest earned 



5423,055 $574,828 



contributions including cash 

and pledges 9-1-75 $624,828 

AMOUNT required by 9-1-76 

to qualify for Kiesge Grant 175,172 

Total Basic Construction Cost 5800,000 

FALL 1975 




A major foundation has pledged $50,000 toward 
the Rudd Memorial Chapel on the condition that 
Bryan raise an additional $220,000 for that project 
by September 1976. Each dollar given to the Rudd 
Chapel fund to meet this challenge will be in- 
creased 25% by this foundation grant. 


More than 600 national companies contribute to 
higher education through a matching gift program 
by which an employee's contribution is matched 
by the company. Rules for qualification vary, but 
the result is increased financial support. Inquire at 
your personnel office as to whether your employer 
is a matching gift company, or write for free bro- 
chure entitled, "Double your Dollars," listing hun- 
dreds of matching gift companies. 

inter 1976 

-an's NCCA 



Editorial Office, William Jennings, 
Bryan College, Dayton, Tennessee 
37321. Publishing Office, Cross 
Roads Publications, Inc., 2110 
Silver Hill Road, Stone Mountain, 
Georgia 30083, 404/939-6507. 

Dr. Theodore C. Mercer, 


Robert C. Hill, EDITOR 

John Weyant, MANAGING 


Shirley Holmes, CIRCULATION 


Steve Lester, ART DIRECTOR 

Consulting Editors: Dr. John 
Bartlett, Larry Levenger, Rebecca 
Peck and Charles Robinson. 

BRYAN LIFE is published four 
times annually by William Jen- 
nings Bryan College, Dayton, Ten- 
nessee. Produced and printed by 
Cross Roads Publications. Second 
class postage paid at Dayton, Ten- 

Copyright 1976 


William Jennings Bryan College 

Dayton, Tennessee 

Dr. Irving Jensen, Bryan's senior 
member of the faculty and best- 
knov\/n teacher by virtue of his 
numerous writings, is shown going 
over one of his teaching charts 

with two seniors Roddy Miller 

(left) of Columbia, S.C., a psycho- 
logy major, and Janet Davis of 
Babson Park, Fla., an elementary 
education major. Known for his 
promotion of the inductive 
method of Bible study. Dr. Jen- 
sen's first book, published in 
1963, was Independent Bible 
Study, which established him as 
an author. Since that time he has 
written forty-five other study 
volumes covering the entire Bible. 
The last three in this series will be 
brought out next spring by 
Moody Press along with three 
volumes of Bible charts. One of 
his books. Enjoy Your Bible, was 
distributed by the Billy Graham 
Evangelistic Association through 
one of its telecasts. 

(Cover photo by Cunnyngham 
Photography, Dayton, 

Volume 1 

Winter 1976 

Number 2 

THE ANATOMY OF A BEQUEST: Improvements made on campus through 
monies willed to the school. 

THE SOLID CASE FOR INSPIRATION; The Bible is more than a best-seller; it is 
truly of divine origin. By Kenneth S. Kantzer 

so does the need for additional facilities. By Dr. Theodore Mercer 

at the building of Rudd Chapel. 

CAMPUS REVIEW: A bird's-eye view of campus activities, faculty happenings and 
news of interest. 

BOOK OR ARTIFACT?: The Bible requires much more than a cursory glance to be 
understood and appreciated. By Irving L. Jensen 

SPOTLIGHT ON SPORTS: Share in the accomplishments of our cross-country and 
soccer teams, winners of NCCAA titles. 






''A real 
eye " grabber 

in color and layout as well as being filled with timely articles . . . ." is the comment which 
summarizes much of the reader reaction to the first issue of Bryan Life. An executive of a 
publishing firm wrote that he was ". . . impressed not only by the graphics but also by the 
content." An official of a nearby state university wrote'about the "happy corribination of 
format and content." An alumnus proudly described the magazine as "tremendous" and 
said he had read it "from 'lid to lid' with great interest and enthusiasm." Another 
alumnus rated the magazine as ". . . just one of a long list of recent accomplishments 
which makes me very proud to be a graduate of Bryan." A news correspondent wrote, "I 
. . . was stirred by the article 'Victory in Catastrophe' as I had not thought of the spiritual 
connection with Viet Nam and Cambodia." We especially prize this latter comment 
because one of the purposes of this new publication is to include articles which minister 
to the reader in a spiritual way. 

Lest you think our heads are turned by all these pleasant compliments, the members 
of the editorial committee, in addition to taking a close look ourselves, are relying also on 
two professional consultants, whose evaluations are directed to the specifics which would 
not be of primary interest to the general reader. 

I wish to express our appreciation to all who wrote. You have helped us. 

Theodore C. Mercer 



The Anatomy of a Bequest 

Besides the Allen ($400,000) and Summers ($700,000) 
bequests, which in previous years had major effect in the 
development of the college, nearly every year, bequests 
provide for improvements not otherwise possible. In 1974 
the college was notified of a bequest of "all my Continental 
Can stock" from Mrs. Nellie Norton Smitherman, of 
Shreveport, La. Mrs. Smitherman was not on the college 
mailing list, nor could any known connection be establish- 
ed. She grew up in Union City, Tenn., where her father was 
a Baptist minister around the turn of the century. It may be 
surmised that her family were admirers of William Jennings 
Bryan, who carried Tennessee in all his attempts at the 
presidency. The wording of the will and the list of legatees 
showed a breadth of evangelical Christian concern. 

The 1882 shares of this stock brought $47,000 when 
sold this year. The trustees had allocated the proceeds from 
this sale to cover a number of plant-fund projects as fol- 

• Art and service building, constructed in the summer 
of 1975, adjacent to present service building with the 
top floor for the art department and the ground floor 
for buildings and grounds department 

• Kitchen equipment to accommodate the expanding 
enrollment of boarding students 

• Air conditioning for the Lions Den, the student 

If you share Mrs. Smitherman 's concern for Christian 
ministry and would like information or assistance on the 
subject of giving through your will, write: 

Larrv Levenger. Director of Development 


Dayton, Tennessee 37321 

Art and storage building as completed this fall. 

Mr. Russell Stansbury, director a; special projects, stands next to 
new 20-gallon steam kettle, one of several pieces of equipment 
installed this summer to aid in preparing meals for a growing student 

Art student. Linda Pedde from Dayton, Tenn.. adds finishing 
touches to painting. 

Students enjoy newly installed air-conditioning while lounging in 
the Lions Den. 

WINTER 1976 

Dr. Kantzer with his sister. Ruth, an 
associate professor of English at 

Dr. Kenneth S. Kantzer, dean of 
Trinity Evangelical Divinity 
School, Deerfield. Illinois, was 
the speaker for the sixth annual 
Staley Distinguished Christian 
Scholar Lectures held in Octo- 
ber. Using as his general theme, 
"The Inspiration of the Bible," 
Dr. Kantzer spoke on the follow- 
ing topics; "The Modern Attack 
on Inspiration," "The Solid Case 
for Biblical Inspiration," "Com- 
mon Objections to Biblical In- 
spiration," "The Importance of 
Biblical Inspiration," and 
"Christian Uses of the Bible." 
The lecture printed here is num- 
ber two in this series. 

The Staley Distinguished 
Christian Scholar Lecture pro- 
gram was established in 1969 by 
Mr. Thomas F. Staley of Delray 
Beach, Florida, ". . . to further 
the evangelical witness of the 
Christian Church, and with a 
particular concern for college 
students. Deeming the cause 
worthy and the need great, the 
trustees of this Foundation will 
support men and women who 
truly believe, cordially love, and 
effectively propagate the gospel 
of Jesus Christ in its historic and 
scriptural fulness." The program 
currently operating in some two 
hundred institutions is endowed 
by and administered through the 
Staley Foundation. Mr. Staley 
was a founding partner of 
Reynolds Securities, Inc., and is 
a native of Bristol, Tennessee. 

The Sol* 

The first purpose of the Bible is to 
introduce us to Jesus Christ as our per- 
sonal Lord and Savior. The second 
purpose is to provide us with instruc- 
tion from Christ by which He can 
exercise His Lordship over us effec- 
tively and thus lead us to lives of 
obedience and rich usefulness. 2 
Timothy 3:14-17 gives us these two 
purposes in logical order: 

But as for you, continue in 
what you have learned and 
have become convinced of, 
because you know those from 
whom you learned it, and 
how from infancy you have 
known the holy Scriptures, 
which are able to make you 
wise for salvation through 
faith in Christ Jesus. All 
Scripture is God-breathed and 
is useful for teaching, rebuk- 
ing, correcting and training in 
righteousness, so that the 
man of God may be 
thoroughly equipped for 
every good work. (N.I.V.) 
The last two verses of our 
Scripture tell us that the Bible was 
produced by divine inspiration of the 
Holy Spirit; and, therefore, it is profit- 
able for our doctrine, instruction, and 
our understanding of the right way of 
life, for the guidance of our Christian 
life, and for our Christian thought. 
The Bible possesses this power because 
it was inspired of God. 

The word "inspired" probably 
needs a little clarification. In English, 
the word often means something 
equivalent to personal excitation. Ac- 
cordingly, Holy Scripture would result 
from a personal excitation of the Bibli- 
cal author. But this is not at all the 
meaning of the passage here. The 
Greek word is in the passive; it means 
"God breathed," or "God produced." 
That comes closest to a proper under- 
standing of what the apostle is saying 
here. Holy Scripture was divinely pro- 
duced; and because it was divinely pro- 
duced, it is, therefore, unlike all other 
writings, profitable for our under- 
standing of the will of God and what is 
needed in order that we might relate 
ourselves rightly to Him and be 
obedient to Him. 

This is what our Lord taught in the 
seventh chapter of Mark, where He 


refers to the Scripture as the "Word o 

And the Pharisees and Scribes 
asked Him [Jesus] ; "Why do 
your disciples not walk ac- 
cording to the tradition of 
the elders but eat their bread 
with impure hands?" And He 
said to them: "Rightly did 
Isaiah prophesy of you hypo- 
crites, as it is written, 'This 
people honors me with their 
lips but their heart is far away 
from me,' But in vain do they 
worship me, teaching as doc- 
trines the precepts of men, 
neglecting the commandment 
of God, you hold to the tradi- 
tion of men." (Mark 7:5) 
The Pharisees were guiding their 
lives by the traditions of men. 
Jesus rebuked them, therefore, for 
negating the message of Moses and 
Isaiah because in doing so they 
were setting aside not just the 
word of Moses and Isaiah but of 

The Scriptures Are Trustworthy 

In Matthew 5 our Lord adds th 
thought that because Scripture is th 
Word of God, it is entirely trusti 
worthy. Listen to the familiar verses oi 
Matthew 5:17-19: j 

Think not that I am come to 
destroy the law or the pro- j 
phets; I am not come to 
destroy but to fulfill. Verily I 
say unto you. Till heaven and 
earth pass, one jot or one 
tittle shall in no wise pass 
from the law till all be fulfill- 
ed. Whoever, therefore, shall 
break one of these least com- 
mandments and shall teach 
men so, he shall be called the 
least in the kingdom of 
heaven. But whosoever shall 
do and teach them, the same 
shall be called great in the 
kingdom of heaven. 
A parallel passage is located in Luk 
16:17: "And it is easier for heave 
and earth to pass, than one tittle c 
the law to fail." Note concerning th 
passage from Matthew 5 and fror 
Luke 16 that we have here direc 
teaching from our Lord. This is not 
case of our Lord's accommodatin 


ase For Inspiration 

by Kenneth S. Kantzer 

Himself to the views of the scribes so 
as to avoid controversy. Not at all! 
Absolutely the reverse of that! Having 
gotten into a controversy with them. 
He is rebuking the Pharisees because, 
as a matter of fact, they have stood for 
the authority of the tradition of men; 
and in our Lord's mind, they have done 
so to the destruction of the authority 
of Scripture. For this reason, He 
tackles directly and head-on the issue 
of the authority of Scripture. This 
divine authority of Scripture, more- 
over, resides in the whole of the Old 
Testament. In one passage, He refers 
just to the law. And it is abundantly 
clear that, in these particular contexts, 
they mean for Him the same thing— 
namely, the Old Testament Scriptures 
which the Jews knew and whose 
authority they were jeopardizing by 
adhering to their traditions. Scripture, 
so Jesus avers, is to be filled out and 
cannot be reckoned as void or of no 
weight. You don't dare set it aside. 
That's the idea in Luke especially. It 
can't be put aside as of no weight. In 
Matthew, similarly. His point is that in 
no way can it be broken. It must be 
adhered to and brought to its fruition, 
its fulfillment, because it is God's 
Word to us. And this value of 
Scripture, therefore, extends to its 
minutest proportions. 

The Liberals and the Documents 

It also is worth noting that both of 
these passages are thought to come 
from the Sermon on the Mount. Cer- 
tainly the Matthew passage does, and 
the Sermon on the Mount is one of the 
favorite passages of the liberals. If 
liberals are sure historically that any 
part of the Bible actually comes from 
the teachings of Jesus, it is the 
Matthew 5-7 passage containing the 
Sermon on the Mount. But in this 
passage, representing the core teaching 
of Jesus, incontrovertibly stemming 
from Him, there is just as clear teach- 
ing with respect to the authority of 
Scripture and the necessity of abiding 
by it as there is in any passage of 
Scripture. One of the interesting things 
that some of you who have a special 
concern for this may like to do, is to 
note how the Scriptures are divided up 
in various documents by some liberal 

scholars. "Q" is the common source 
that lies behind much of Matthew and 
Luke, so many liberals say; and then 
there is the Gospel of Mark, and there 
is Luke's special material and 
Matthew's special material, and, of 
course, the Gospel of John. So you get 
several documents here spread through 
our four Gospels. But it doesn't make 
any difference how you divide the 
documents. So long as you keep the 
Biblical statements intact, the teaching 
of our Lord with respect to the 
authority of the Bible shines through 
all of it. The farther we go back in 
history, even assuming the metho- 
dology by which the liberal seeks to 
separate these documents, there is no 
question that at the very root of the 
teaching of Jesus Christ was this clear 
conviction with respect to the com- 
plete authority of Holy Scripture in its 
minutest proportions. Every true fol- 
lower of Jesus Christ has no other 
choice but to heed it and to obey it. 

In John 10:34,35 our Lord again is 
in controversy with the Pharisees. To 
support His argument. He cites a psalm 
and then inserts a short sentence in be- 
tween which gives us a clue as to His 
view of the authority of Scripture. 
Jesus answered them (the Jews): "Has 
it not been written in your Law, T 
said, you are gods?' If He called them 
gods to whom the Word of God came, 
and the Scripture cannot be broken, 
do you say of him . . ." and then on 
with the rest of His argument. The im- 
portant part of the passage is that little 
clause, "Scripture cannot be broken." 
It fits like the major premise of a 
syllogism. Scripture cannot be broken. 
Scripture says this. Therefore, you had 
better believe this. That's precisely the 
way our Lord outlined His thought. 

The Canon of Scripture 

Thus far we have been dealing with 
passages in which our Lord speaks 
directly about the inspiration and 
authority of the Scriptures. Now we 
must raise the question: "What books 
are inspired of God?" We know the Old 
Testament books are because our Lord 
set the seal of His approval upon the 
Old Testament Canon. 

As we read the story of the early 
New_ Testament church, we discover 
that the apostles claimed their 

authority was from Him. Moreover, 
they worked the miracles that were ap- 
propriate to an apostle or to a prophet 
who was speaking as a mouthpiece of 
God in the Old Testament. Our Lord, 
therefore, promised that He was going 
to give further revelation to His 
apostles. He commissioned them as His 
representatives. He gave them the Holy 
Spirit to guide them into the truth 
that they were not yet ready to hear in 
His life in the flesh. And then in the 
New Testament church, we find that 
they were given that Holy Spirit. They 
were also given the power of miracles 
to demonstrate that they were not just 
making false claims when they said 
they were speaking for or were mouth- 
pieces for God, but that God was 
setting the certification of His ap- 
proval upon what they were saying. 
We have the claim of the apostles 
guaranteed in precisely the same way 
that the prophets of the Old Testa- 
ment were able to prove the divine 
origin of their message in the Old 

Some Terms Explained ' 

Four words are often used by 
Evangelicals in referring to the 
authority of Scripture and its inspira- 
tion—the words "plenary," "verbal," 
"infallible," and "inerrant." We use 
the word "plenary" meaning simply 
"full." From the evidence we have 
examined, it is obvious that Christ 
taught His disciples that the Bible is 
fully inspired in all its parts; not just 
simply in part of it. We also use the 
word "verbal" to show that the in- 
spiration of Scripture was a kind in 
which God guided the Biblical authors 
so that the words they wrote would 
convey the message He wished to com- 
municate to His people. As a result of 
this plenary and verbal guidance by 
the Holy Spirit, the Bible is rendered 
infallible and inerrant. Inspiration is 
not limited to faith and practice, 
meaning to religious viewpoints and to 
ethics, or limited in any other way. 
Our Lord never gave any principle by 
which we could go through the Bible 
and pick out the parts which we might 
wish to obey as God's word and on the 
basis of which we would dare set aside 
other parts as not really being the 
divine Word for us. Rather, our Lord 

WINTER 1976 

warned His hearers not to pick and 
choose. The Pharisees were doing just 
that on the basis of their tradition. By 
contrast, you and I who claim to be 
disciples of Jesus Christ are to receive 
the jot and the tittle —the whole of it 
in all its completeness and integrity. 
We don't stand in judgment over 
Scripture; rather Scripture stands in 
judgment over us and our lives and our 
thoughts. This is the means by which 
our Lord exercises His control and His 
guidance over our lives. 

What Inspiration Is Not 
Perhaps it would help us if we 
took just a minute to indicate what 
Biblical inspiration is not. It is not, for 
example, dictation. Our Lord didn't 
say that the way by which God in- 
spired the prophet and the apostle was 
to dictate as a boss dictates to his 
secretary. Not at aU. In fact, in many 
passages He plainly rules out any dicta- 
tion method of inspiration. Rather the 
prophets spoke, Isaiah spoke, Moses 
commanded; but as Isaiah spoke and 
Moses commanded, as the apostles 
spoke, they spoke; but they spoke as 
guided by the Holy Spirit, so that 
what they spoke freely out of their 
own mind and out of their own wUl 
was precisely what the Spirit of God 
wished to say to you and me as His 
Word to us. 

The Problem of Language 

Again, our Lord didn't say that the 
Bible was written in exact and 
scientific language. It isn't a precise 
book in which ever>'thLng is neatly 
hewed according to our modern 
standards by which we frequently indi- 
cate measurements. The scientists in 
Cape Canaveral give the time in milli- 
seconds, but you don't find references 
to milliseconds in the Bible. You don't 
even find references to minutes. Have 
you ever noticed that you really don't 
find references to hours ver>' often Ln 
the Bible? Most of the references in 
the Bible are in three-hour periods. 
Have you ever noticed that? And if 
you think for a moment, you can see 
exactly why that is so. It isn't because 
nothing ever happened at ten minutes 
after four in the days when our Lord 
was here on this earth. It's rather that 
if our Lord had said, "I will meet you 
down at a certain corner in the city of 
Nazareth at ten after four," who 
would have known when it was ten 
after four? Nobody would have known 
it was ten after four. AU they had were 
v/ater clocks and sand clocks and 
sundials and especially the sun. On a 
shady day it is ver>' hard to know pre- 
cisely when it is four o'clock or ten 
after four. And so most of the time 

measurements in the Bible are in three- 
hour periods because that was the only 
practical way in which to speak. The 
thing that's made a difference is that 
little instrument on your wrist. The 
whole world was transformed by the 
wristwatch because now we live ac- 
cording to minutes and seconds; and, 
if you say to somebody, "I'll meet you 
down there at four o'clock." and it be- 
comes ten after, you figure you've 
missed it. But if you don't have a 
wristwatch or pocket watch with you, 
you win not know when it is ten 
minutes after four. In order to com- 
municate effectively, the Biblical 
writers spoke and wTote in general and 
practical terms that could be under- 
stood. Therefore, we don't dare judge 
the Bible by the exact sort of precise 
standards that we ordinarily use to 
communicate today in an engineering 
course because the Bible wasn't 
written in our day and it wasn't writ- 
ten specially for engineering students. 
It was written in a day without micro- 
meters and without wristwatches; and, 
so it speaks in the language that would 
be understood by the people of that 
day and can easily be understood by 
you and me today also. 

Neither is the Bible wTitten in 
literal language exclusively. I'm re- 
minded of the story of Professor 
Henry Nelson Wieman, who used to 
teach religion out at Occidental Col- 
lege on the west coast, a fine Presby- 
terian college. Wieman, incidentally, 
was a Presbyterian minister; but every 
time his class would meet at the be- 
ginning of the semester, he would say, 
"Now, is there anybody in this class 
who believes that the Bible is literally 
true?" And there would always be a 
few hesitant souls that would raise 
their hands as a sort of testimony to 
the truth and admit that they really 
did believe that the Bible is true. Then 
he would say to one of them: "So, 
you believe the Bible is literally true? 
Now in the Old Testament we read 
that the hills of Judea clapped their 
hands for joy. Do you believe those 
hiUs of Judea had hands which banged 
together?" And, of course, the em- 
barrassed students would say they 
didn't believe that. Then Professor 
Wieman would say, "Well, if you don't 
believe Ln the literal truth of the Old 
Testament, let's tn' the New. Do you 
remember the passage where our Lord 
says, 'Go teU Herod, that fox . . .?' Do 
you believe that Herod was a four- 
footed, small fuirs' creature? Of course 
not! So you don't believe m the literal 
truth of the New Testament either. 
You don't believe in the literal truth 
of the Old Testament or the New 

Testament. Let's hear no more foolish- 
ness now about taking the Bible as 
literally true" And with that he 
polished off Orthodox Christianity- for 
the rest of the course. 

Obviously, no evangelical Christian 
that I know of beUeves that the Bible 
is Uterally true in ever>' passage. It's 
literally true when it speaks in literal 
language. But in many passages of 
Scripture it speaks in figurative lan- 
guage. Our job is not to force a literal 
truth on the Biblical wTiter when he is 
trying to speak in figurative language 
anymore than it is our job to force 
figurative truth on him when he's 
tr\ing to speak in literal language. It's 
our task to discover the truth of what 
he is saying: and what Evangelicals 
have said in obedience to their Lord is 
that the Scripture teUs the truth. 

The Real Issue 

The real issue is this: What do you 
think of Christ? That, after aU, is the 
basic issue because you and I profess 
to be disciples of Jesus Christ. How 
seriously do we mean to take the claim 
that we are disciples of Christ? The 
real Jesus of historj', the only 
authentic Jesus, is the Jesus who at the 
ver\- core of His teaching was com- 
mitted to the complete authority' of 
Holy Scripture. He believed it to be 
the Word of God, He lived His life ac- 
cording to its precepts, He com- 
manded His true disciples to Uve their 
lives in obedience to its divine 
authorir>', and He rebuked those religi- 
ous leaders that set it aside in favor of 
human traditions. The real issue that 
men have to face with respect to the 
inspiration and authorirj" of the Bible 
is the basic issue of the Lordship of 
Jesus Christ. And that is the issue to 
which liberals of the nineteenth and 
twentieth centuries up to this day have 
never really dealt with squarely. 

.And now in conclusion I dare not 
stop without confessing I have a pro- 
blem with respect to the inspiration of 
the Bible: but it is not the problem of 
believing whether or not it was in- 
spired by God and, therefore, that it 
teaches the truth and reveals the wiU 
of God for me. My problem is obeying 
it— translating that Book, the truth 
of God, into flesh, into Ufe, as God 
would guide me b>' His Holy Spirit ac- 
cording to the inerrant standard of 
Holy Scripture. That is my problem; 
not the intellectual problem of the m- 
spiration and authority of Scripture. 
Once I made the decision about Jesus 
Christ, the problem of BibUcal 
authority was settled. It's the 
obedience problem that is the real 



Enrollment Growth 
Shows Dormitory Need 




















1972 1973 1974 1975 

full-time students 
dormitory students 

5-yeai increase in full-time enrollment 
5-year increase in dormitory students 



Huston Hall 

Cedar Hill* 

Rader Hall 

Long Dorm 

Arnold HaU 

House 3 (Maranatha) 




Chapel apts. 

Rented off-campus house 

Faculty homes 

Bryan Village* 




The continuing enrollment growth 
pattern of the college makes an 
additional dormitory a practical 
necessity. The accompanying charts 
show that while the overall enrollment 
has grown 41% since 1971, the dormi- 
tory enrollment has increased by 61%. 
To meet the continuing need for hous- 
ing since Arnold Hall for women was 
occupied in early 1972, the college has 

(1) leased an apartment house in 
Dayton, two miles from the campus, 

(2) taken over for single students 
Bryan VUlage, used since I960 for 
married students, (3) arranged with 
several faculty to house students, and 
(4) bought a small apartment Duilding 
near the campus and renovated it for 
20 men students. Cedar Hill, used 
previously for both single and married 
students' housing, has now been given 
over entirely to single students. All 
this fragmentation in housing adds up 
to the need for an additional 
dormitory on campus. 

Plans for a 172-bed building have 
been completed and are awaiting 
developments which will allow con- 
struction to begin. The cost is esti- 
mated at $7,000 per bed for a total of 
$1,200,000, and this presents an im- 
passe in financing. The three major 
dormitories on campus were built with 

3% and 3'/2% loans, which are no 
longer available. The present market 
both for loans and bonds is such that 
no satisfactory amortization plan 
based on anticipated revenue can be 

A preliminary inquiry of a select 
group of college supporters indicates a 
potential for a sizable sale of bonds, 
but as indicated, the revenue from the 
operation of a new buUding cannot 
support a construction plan predicated 
entirely on financing from loans and 
bonds. Further, the urgent necessity of 
completing the fund raising for the 
Rudd Memorial Chapel, as set forth 
elsewhere in this issue, precludes any 
general campaign among the con- 
stituency of the college at this time for 
a dormitory. 

I am quite persuaded in my own 
mind that God in His providence will 
give Bryan this building at the right 
time; nevertheless, we wrestle with the 
problem of whether to limit Bryan's 
enrollment next year or where to put 
the students should we have another 
increase. I commend this project and 
the problems as we understand them 
to your prayerful consideration. Your 
comments will be welcome. 

Theodore C. Mercer 

31 apartment units formerly used by 
married students 

WINTER 1976 

Rudd Memorial Chape 


Ground Floor 

Three classrooms 

Band room 

Band office 

Choir room 

Choir office 

Choir robing room 

Fellowship hall-auditoYium, seating 

capacity of 325 
Four practice rooms 

Main Floor 

Auditorium with seating capacity of 805 
Performing stage area with seating 

capacity of 200 
Prayer chapel with seating capacity of 


Mezzanine Level 

Fine Aits Division office 

Music Library 

Five studio-offices 

Balcony with seating capacity of 36 

Future balcony with seating capacity of 
* Initially the balcony will be divided into 
classroom and office space through the use 
of temporary partitions. These partitions 
can be removed as emoUment necessitates. 


Construction Progresses 

God's special blessing reflected in the beautiful summer-like weather continuing 
long into the fall has made possible excellent progress on the Rudd Memorial 
Chapel. To date the ground floor is partitioned, a fact which makes the band and 
choir rooms, the fellowship hall, and the music practice rooms all very recognizable. 
The gigantic beams which wUl support the roof of the auditorium are all in place. 
Smaller crossbeams and supports are being placed each day, and soon the roof will 
be completed. Partitions now identify the lobby and the prayer chapel near the 
main entrance. 

With the buUding taking shape so rapidly, committees are busy working on the 
interior-decorating scheme. It has been generally established that soft gold tones in 
the carpet and wall decor will be used predominantly in the auditorium. The 
committee is considering red upholstery for the opera-type seats or red tone for the 
stage fore-curtain, which combined with the gold tones would carry out the college 
colors of scarlet and gold. For the music facilities on the ground floor, the color 
choice features avocado-colored carpet with accents in complementary greens and 

The sacrificial gifts of the Bryan College friends have brought the total in 
pledges and cash to 5656,000. Of this total, S41 1,000 has been paid in cash. The 
pledges yet to be paid include the 550,000 Kfesge challenge grant previously 

.'^bove this current total of 5656,000, the sum of 5144,000 must be secured to 
meet the fund-raising goal of 5800,000 for the cost of the basic building plus an 
additional estimated 5200,000 to equip and furnish the building for use. With 
construction proceeding on schedule, it is hoped that payments on pledges will be 
accelerated whenever possible in order that the requirements for a continuing flow 
of cash can be met. This entire project is commended to all interested friends for 
their prayer support. 

Still available are memorial opportunities, which include auditorium seating, 
classroom and office furnishings, the organ for the auditorium, and pianos for the 
music studios. For gifts of S500 not designated for a specific memorial, the name of 
a single donor wQl be placed on a bronze memorial plaque in the lobby. Two names 
can be placed on a plaque for a gift of 51,000. Your inquiries for memorial possi- 
bilities are welcome, and correspondence should be directed to Dr. John B. Bartlett, 
vice president of the college. 

Main entranceway begins to take shape 

Workmen continue to lay 
massive ceiling beams 

brick unaer tne 


Ceiling planks are nailed in place 





WINTER 1976 


\Honorary alumni Dr. and Mrs. T. C. Mercer with Alumni Association 
president Ralph Green. 


The warm handclasps of alumni 
greeting one another for the first time 
in many years, the nip-and-tuck rivalry 
of the Bryan-Covenant soccer game, 
and the patriotic homecoming ban- 
quet—all contributed to an exciting 
weekend of homecoming festivities. 

More than 250 alumni and friends 
of present students were registered on 
campus during the first weekend of 
October. The early arrivals include 
Chuck '62 and Sandy '63 Westgate 
from MontoursvOle, Pa., and Gayle '58 
and Charlene '58 Ryle from Wilming- 
ton, Del., who brought a total of 
sixteen highschool student visitors 
from their churches. 

The Friday night ice-cream social 
repeated last year's event by bringing 
the alumni together with faculty and 
staff in the Lions Den, where they 
consumed several gaDons of home- 
made ice cream and many dozens of 
homemade cookies as they chatted 
over old times. 

After Saturday's outdoor luncheon 
between the little white chapel and the 
big new one in progress, a campus tour 
for alumni to see the new facilities 
added since they were students plus a 
guided inspection tour of the Rudd 
Chapel under construction kept the 
visitors occupied even during the first 
minutes of the alumni-junior vaisity 
soccer game, which ended in a 2-2 tie. 

As the Bryan Lions met the 
Covenant Scots for the homecoming 
soccer match, the spectators viewed 
the year's most exciting home game 
with the rise and fall of hopes as two 
scores were counted— one for each 

side— to end the double overtime 
game in a well-matched tie. 

The beauty of the fall scenery on 
campus was enhanced by the parade of 
homecoming floats with honors to the 
class of 1977 (which has won three 
successive years) and the formal intro- 
duction at half time of the home- 
coming queen, Rachael Cowen, from 
Lake Butler, Fla., and her court, who 
were also presented at the banquet. 

Homecoming queen, Rachael Cowen, Lake 
Butler, Fla., senior, with escort Lee 
Samples, sophomore. West Palm Beach, Fla. 

Other highlights of the homecom- 
ing banquet included the brief remarks 
of alumnus Gayle Ryle, pastor of the 
Bethel Baptist Church, Wilmington, 
Del., and the awarding of alumni 
honors. With citation plaques present- 
ed by alumni president Ralph Green 
'56, four new members were added to 
the roUs of honorary alumni: President 
and Mrs. Theodore Mercer, for twenty 
years of service; Dr. J. Wesley 
McKinney, Memphis, Tenn., 
ophthalmologist, for service as a 
trustee since 1950 and chairman since 
1969; and Miss Ruth Huston- 

Miss Ruth Huston 
author, Bible teacher, and Christian 
worker for many years in southeastern 
Kentucky— for service as trustee 
since 1959. 

Special recognition was given to the 
35th anniversary class of 1940, which 
had five of its sixteen graduates pre- 
sent-Connie Penick Ford, Eileen 
Garwood Fuss, Lillian Hummel 
Levengood, Rebecca Peck, and Ruth 
Toliver Wright. Other guests included 
members of the Board of Trustees and 
members of the National Advisory 



Council who had their first meeting at 
Bryan on homecoming weekend and 
shared a spiritual highlight at the Sun- 
day afternoon vesper service of choir 
and madrigal music, vocal solos by 
Judy Barth '57, and readings by Dr. 
John Bartlett. 

The chief honoree of the evening 
was Dr. Clyde Simmons '49, whose 



1 ty^ 





BSfti ^K ^ K '^^^^^^^^^^^H 


i^^ \ V^'^^^^H 

Dr. A. Clyde 

Simmons, '49, 1975 Alummis 

of the Year. 

achievements as elementary teacher 
and principal over twenty-five years in 
the Chattanooga school system, whose 
acquisition of the doctor of education 
degree from George Peabody College 
for Teachers this year, and whose loyal 
support of the alumni program for 
twenty-six years earned for him the 
title of 1975 Alumnus of the Year. 


A two-year matching grant of 
$6,200 has been awarded to the 
chemistry department by the National 
Science Foundation for the purchase 
of equipment to strengthen the teach- 
ing of chemistry. An ultraviolet-visible 
spectrophotometer (UVS) was de- 

Dr. Grieser demonstrates the new ultra- 
violet-visible spectrophotometer to Viet- 
namese student, Joseph Quang Chu, a 
sophomore chemistry major and lab 

livered and installed in November as 
the first of three scientific instruments 
to be purchased under the NSF grant. 
The UVS will be used by faculty and 
students in the science division to 
analyze the structure of chemical com- 
pounds. The instrument utilizes both 
ultraviolet and visible light in respond- 
ing to structure-dependent charac- 
teristics of molecules. Dr. Merlin 

Grieser is head of the chemistry de- 
partment, and Dr. Richard Barnhart is 
chairman of the division of natural 


"Our Changing but Unfinished 
Task" win be the theme of the 
missionary conference, January 7-9, 
1976. This conference, which opens 
the second semester, is held in alter- 
nating years with a conference on the 
Christian life and the Christian's per- 
sonal witness. The two main speakers 
are author and missionary Jim Mont- 
gomery, of Overseas Crusade, from the 
Philippines, and Pastor Marvin 
Lubenow, of the First Baptist Church, 
Wayne, Mich. 

Jim Montgomery and Rev. Marvin Lubeno 

Twenty-one societies have been in- 
vited to participate through displays, 
symposia, and counseling with stu- 
dents. These societies include Am- 
bassadors for Christ (USA), American 
Missionary Fellowship, Baptist Mid- 
Missions, Board of Global Ministries of 
the United Methodist Church, Brazil 
Gospel Fellowship, Campus Crusade 
for Christ, Conservative Baptist 
Foreign Mission Society, Greater 
Europe Mission, Hope Aglow Minis- 
tries, International Missions, Inter- 
national Students, Mission to the 
World of the Presbyterian Church in 
America, North Africa Mission, Over- 
seas Missionary Fellowship, Slavic 
Gospel Association, Southern Baptist 
Convention Foreign Mission Board, 
Sudan Interior Mission, The Evangeli- 
cal Alliance Mission, the Worldwide 
Evangelization Crusade, Wycliffe Bible 
Translators, and Youth for Christ. 


The full-time student enrollment 
first semester represented 37 states 
and 20 foreign countries. Tennessee, as 
it has for many years, led with 103 
students. Cosmopolitan Florida con- 
tinued securely in second place with 
71, followed by Georgia with 43, 
Michigan with 42, North Carolina with 
36, Virginia with 30, Ohio and Penn- 
sylvania with 27 each, and Illinois with 

Other states and their representa- 
tions are the following: 

Alabama, Maryland, each 1 2 

West Virginia 1 1 

Indiana, South Carolina, each 1 
Iowa, New Jersey, Texas, 

each 9 
California, Minnesota, New 

York, Wisconsin, each 8 

Louisiana 7 

Kentucky 6 

Colorado, Delaware, each 5 

Kansas, Mississippi, each 4 

Arizona 3 
Connecticut, Massachusetts, 
Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, 

each 2 

Arkansas, North Dakota, Ver- 
mont, Washington, each 1 

Twelve international students 
represented the following 11 
countries: Bermuda, Brazil, Finland, 
Honduras (2), Jamaica, Kenya, Nether- 
lands Antilles, Nigeria, Surinam, 
Switzerland, and Vietnam. In addition, 
23 American nationals, some with dual 
citizenship, represented 10 foreign 
countries, with Brazil, also listed 
above, claiming 8 of these representa- 
tives. The unduplicated foreign 
countries are as follows: Canada, 
Ecuador (5), Ethiopia (2), Haiti, Hong 
Kong, India, Indonesia, Peru, and 
Rhodesia (2). 


One of Bryan's oldest traditions, 
the annual Christmas banquet, was 
held on December 13 with an overflow 
crowd of students, faculty, trustees, 
and friends from the area. The theme 
of the evening was "An old-fashioned 
Christmas" Dr. J. Fred Johnson, 

Dr. J. Fred Johnson 
pastor of Chattanooga's First Cumber- 
land Presbyterian Church since 1933 
and the dean of active Chattanooga 
pastors, was the speaker. Dr. Johnson's 

NTER 1976 


grandson Wesley is attending Bryan on 
a four-year scholarship which he re- 
ceived from Provident Life Insurance 
Company of Chattanooga for being 
named the Chattanooga-area 
"Christian Athlete of the Year" in 


Among those coming to the cam- 
pus to speak at chapel each year are 
Bryan alumni. Representative of these 
alumni chapel speakers the first semes- 
ter was Rev. Jerry Day '60, pastor of 


Practical Christian Involvement 
(PCI) sponsored a recent "pound" 
drive to collect canned goods for 
Cedine Bible Institute in nearby Spring 
City. Each class was called upon and 
challenged in a contest to contribute a 
record amount of goods. The freshman 
class was awarded a trophy for having 
contributed the largest amount— 457 
pounds. The junior class was next with 
409, followed by the sophomores with 
147, and the seniors with 86, for a 
grand total of 1,099 pounds. 


Rev. and Mrs. Jerry Day with daughter, 
Debbie, and Mike Marvin 

Berean Bible Church, Columbus, Ind. 
Father of Debbie Day and pastor of 
Mike Marvin, members of the fresh- 
man class, Mr. Day used I Thess. 
5:14-24 in speaking on the subject 
"How to Backslide at Bryan College." 
Pointing out that not the obvious, glar- 
ing sins, but the small, least-suspected 
ones most often lead to spiritual cold- 
ness and broken fellowship with the 
Lord, he outlined six sins which can 
beset a Christian college student: 

1. Allowing required Bible courses 
and chapel programs to replace 
personal daily Bible readings 

2. Allowing school prayer meetings 
to replace the maintaining of a 
definite time for daily prayer 

3. Doing Christian service only be- 
cause it is required 

4. Resenting and rebelling against 

5. Complaining and griping con- 

6. Holding a grudge against some- 

Conclusion: Confess these things as 
sins when they occur in order that 
fellowship with God may be re- 


At its October meeting the board 
of trustees met with representatives of 
the National Advisory Council, estab- 
lished to provide the board of trustees 
and the president with opportunity for 
consultation on specific needs of the 
college for critical decision-making. 
Eight of the 32 members, plus five 
spouses, of the NAC participated. The 
Council includes twelve Bryan alumni 
and members from thirteen states, 
Canada, Mexico, and the PhOippines. 
Among them are pastors, evangelists, 
editors, professors, missionaries, an 
attorney, an insurance executive, and 
heads of a variety of Christian organi- 

Actions of the board included 
adoption of an operating budget for 
the current year of $2,000,000, 
deferring of further action on a new 
dormitory awaiting further develop- 
ments, and increasing charges to stu- 
dents for the 1976-77 school year by 
$250, raising the basic charge for room 
and board next year to $3090. Dr. J. 
Wesley McKinney, Memphis ophthal- 

Dr. J. Wesley McKinney 

mologist, who has been a member of 
the board since 1950 and chairman 
since 1969, presided over the sessions 
attended by 22 trustees. 


Book or Artifact? 

Train your eyes to read carefully. It 
is very true today that there is much 
crooked thinking because there is 
much crooked seeing. 

Read repeatedly. Return often to 
the beginning of the passage. One 
thrust of the spade does not unearth 
all the gems of the Bible's mine. Don't 
ever conclude that you have exhausted 
the meaning of a verse when it be- 
comes familiar to you. John Bunyan 
said that "old truths are always new to 
us if they come to us with the smell of 
Heaven upon them." 

Read peripherally. Peripheral vision 
is seeing the surroundings while the 
eye is focused straight ahead. Good 
auto drivers and football quarterbacks 
must have excellent peripheral vision. 
So in Bible study you should keep 
your eyes open to the surrounding 
context of the words you are reading. 
This can be one of the best single 
study aids -in -understanding the pas- 


When God speaks to us, we should 
stand still and consider what He is say- 
ing. In Bible reading, reflection is the 
mind and heart at work, thinking over 
what the eyes have seen. That is quite 
different from merely seeing with the 
eye, which is what someone has 
labelled "retinizing." Reflection in 
Bible reading should have the intensity 
of meditation, whereby the soul has 
the desire and intention of obeying 
God's Word. "Thou shall meditate 
therein day and night, that thou 
mayest observe to do according to all 
that is written therein" (Joshua 1:8). 

How should we reflect on the 
Scriptures? Here are some suggestions: 

Reflect purposefully. The psalmist 
had a purpose in hiding God's Word in 
his heart: that he might not sin against 
God (Ps: 119:11). The Berean 
Christians had a purpose in examining 
the Scriptures daily: that they might 
know the truth (Acts 17:11). 

What are your purposes as you 
meditate on the Scriptures? Do you 
want to know God more intimately 
and glorify Him? Do you want to 
know more about yourself? Do you 
want to grow strong spiritually? Do 
you want to know God's will, hear a 
word of comfort, receive a challenge? 
Then reflect purposefully! 

Reflect imaginatively. This is not 
difficult, if you are willing to put 
yourself into the situation of the Bible 
passage. Taste and feel every word you 
read. The great translator. Miles 
Coverdale, wrote to a friend once, 
"Now I begyne to taste of Holy 
Schryptures; now (honour be to God) 
I am sett to the most swete smell of 
holy lettyres. 

Something is bound to stir within 
your soul the moment you begin to 
reflect imaginatively as you read the 

Reflect humbly. The Word you are 
reading is the holy Word of the holy 
God. God is bigger than His Book. As 
someone has said, "Behind and be- 
neath the Bible, above and beyond the 
Bible, is the God of the Bible." It 
should humble you to think that this 
Holy One, who is also the Almighty 
One, has spoken to you in the Bible, 
and has given you the blessed privilege 
to read it, and so to listen to Him. 

When you open your Bible to read 
it and reflect on it, remember that this 

is The Holy Bible, a title given to no 
other book in the world. 

Reflect prayerfully. If you reflect 
humbly, you will reflect prayerfully, 
for the contrite heart craves to speak 
to the One on whom it depends. The 
greatest prayer ever prayed by a man 
in connection with the Scriptures is 
the 119th Psalm. Study this psalm 
carefully to learn how to reflect 
prayerfully on the Word. One example 
is cited here: "Open thou mine eyes, 
that I may behold wondrous things 
out of thy law" (Ps. 119:18). 

Reflect Patiently. Patience in any 
phase of life is priceless. The great 
naturalist Fabre always referred to his 
two best instruments as "time" and 

The New Testament makes many 
references to the gem of Christian 
patience. Patience is surely a require- 
ment in the meditative process of 
reading God's Word. In fact the phrase 
"wait on the Lord" can be applied to 
meditation. Reflection requires time 
and concentration, and the good Bible 

student will give both. 
* * * 

THE BIBLE was written to be used. 
An unread Bible is like food that is 
refused, an unopened love letter, a 
buried sword, a road map not studied, 
a gold mine not worked. It has been 
aptly said, "A book is a book only 
when it is in the hands of a reader; the 
rest of the time it is an artifact." If 
you have been neglecting reading your 
Bible determine now to make Bible 
reading a vital part of your life. 

From Enjoy Your Bible, pages 28-39 

WINTER 1976 


K#1*^£- <?^f'-^'&": /:^i;^i;&- x: *S?-1M£ r^JS-l^-f .»^s;s«M'&&-SSig 

SPOTLIGHTING SPORTS By Jeff Tubbs, Sports Information Director 

NCCAA Title Winners 

Bryan's national championship cross-country team shows off its 
banner and many trophies. 

Bryan's national championship soccer team is "lookint; up" after a 
victorious season. 

Bryan became the first Christian 
college in the National Christian Col- 
lege Athletic Association, an eight- 
year-old national organization of ap- 
proximately one hundred evangelical 
Christian colleges representing all 
geographical sections of the United 
States, to win two national champion- 
ships in the same season. Bryan accom- 
plished this feat in the same week. The 
cross-country team, under the 
direction of Jake Matthes, won the 
NCCAA title on November 8 in 
Winona Lake, Indiana, and the soccer 
team, coached by John Reeser, took 
national honors on November 15 in 
Harrisonburg, Virginia. 


A total of 15 teams, representing 
many sections of America, partici- 
pated in the cross-country race. 
Eastern Mennonite of Harrisonburg, 
Virginia, finished second, followed by 
Cedarville (O.), Geneva (Pa.), Judson 
(111.), Messiah (Pa.), Baptist Bible (Pa.), 
Lee (Tenn.), King's (N.Y.), Grace 
(Ind.), St. Paul Bible (Minn.), Grand 
Rapids Baptist (Mich.), Olivet 
Nazarene (Ind.), Berkshire (Mass.), and 
Trevecca Nazarene (Tenn.). The win 
was even more impressive because 
EMC had been undefeated in the 
regular season, having won 12 times, 
and had captured the state champion- 
ship of Virginia. 

As he did during the season, 
Bryan's Tom Potter from Lansing, 
Michigan, led the team to the title. His 
finish in 6th place, along with 16th by 
Mike Wood of RoanoKe, Va., 14th by 

Eric Clarke of Miami Springs, Fla., 
1 7th by Tommy Lane of Trenton, Ga., 
and 37th by Chris Batten of Hunting- 
ton, W. Va., made the win possible. 

The team's final dual record for the 
season was 13-2. Cumberland College, 
an NAIA power, inflicted the only two 
defeats on Bryan. The Lions also took 
first place in both the Fisk Invitational 
and the Southern Christian Athletic 
Conference meets. The SCAC crown 
marked the second consecutive year 
the Lions have won that title. Other 
honors were a third-place finish in the 
Southern States Invitational at Cum- 
berland, Kentucky, and a fourth-place 
finish in the Tennessee State meet. 

Coach Matthes was named both 
SCAC and NCCAA Coach of the Year. 
Under his leadership Bryan has not 
lost a SCAC meet in two years. The 
championship team will lose three 
seniors-Potter, Hatten, and Dave 
Maynard of Louisville, Ky.— but 
should be strong again in 1976 with 
nine regulars expected to return. 


The soccer team had to battle for 
its life before nailing down the 
national title. A 2-1, four-overtime 
victory over Eastern Mennonite in the 
semi-final contest was the longest 
game in the history of the college. A 
2-1 victory in the championship event 
over Judson College the next day 
enabled the Lions to claim number- 
one billing. Chuck Grant of Canton, 
Ohio, was named Most Valuable Player 
of the tournament and. along with 
Dave Beaty of Memphis, Tenn., and 

named to the All-Tournament team. 
The victories were especially sweet 
since Bryan had finished third in the 
same tournament in 1974. Their goal, 
to be number one in 1975, was 
realized as each player gave 150% 
down the stretch and the Lions won 
their last five games. Just prior to the 
national tournament, Bryan hosted 
and won the Tennessee Intercollegiate 
Soccer Association tournament, 
shutting out both its opponents. 

The final season record of 13-4-1 
was accomplished in spite of the fact 
that the squad was hit hard by injuries. 
Ngugi Githuka of Limuru, Kenya, led 
the Lions in scoring this fall with eight 
goals and four assists, good for a total 
of 12 points. Mastin Robeson of 
Chester, S.C., was next -with seven 
goals and three assists, totaling 10. 
Steve Beaty of Memphis led Bryan in 
assists with seven. 

In a rare honor, the soccer officials 
of the southern region voted to give 
the annual sportsmanship award to the 
entire Bryan team. Usually the award 
is given to an individual player. 

Nine seniors are members of this 
year's team. In addition to Grant, 
Miller, Beaty, and Robeson, other 
senior members of the Lions of 1975 
are John Lacey of Phoenix, Ariz.; Ken 
Baker of Orlando, Fla.: Randy Ballard 
of Trenton, Ga.; Biff Quarles of Port 
St. Joe, Fla.; and Tim Faugl of Aiken, 

These two national championships 
have made this the most outstanding 
season ever in the history of fall sports 
at Bryan. 



Men's Basketball 

A 22-game regular season schedule 
faces the Bryan basketball Lions in 
1975-76. The team is also entered in 
three tournaments- the Grace Col- 
lege (Ind.) Thanksgiving tourney, the 
Lenoir City (Tenn.) Classic, and the 
post-season Southern Christian 
Athletic Conference playoffs. 

Coach Wayne Dixon has eight re- 
turning lettermen. which include 
starters Dan Begley of Hazard, Ky.; 
Jerry Cline of Mansfield, O.; Mike 

Eldridge of Red Bank Tenn.; Mike Hall 
of Dayton. Tenn.; and Mike Hathaway 
of .^sheville, N.C. Don Blaton of Vir- 
ginia Beach, Va.; Quentin Crabtree of 
Henager, Ala.; and Mike Buckley of 
Hollywood, Fla., are the other return- 
ing lettermen. The addition of fresh- 
men and transfers should help the 
Lions to improve their 1974-75 
record. The current season's record 
until Christmas shows 5-7 against 2-12 
this time last year. 

Cross-country coacli. Jack Matthcs. left, and soccer coach. John Reeser. center, proudly slww 
their national cliauipionship trophies to Boh Andrews, dean of men and assistant soccer coacli. 

Tom Potter, of Lansing, Mich.._ Bryan's 
record-setting cross-country star spurts 
across the finish line. 


1 M J>- 

1 •!■ ■' f 

ifSlMilJl M 1 

^. _^ 

These are the three seniors on Bryan's national championship cross-country team. Left to riglit: 
Chris Hatten, Huntington. It'. Va.; Dave Maynard, Louisville. Kv.: and Tom Potter. Lansing. 

These are the nine seniors on Bryan's 
national championship soccer team. 
Pictured from left to right, bottom to top. 
Tim Faugl. .Aiken, S.C.: Mastin Robeson, 
Chester. S.C; Roddy Miller, Columbia. S.C: 
Ken Baker, Orlando, Fla.: Chuck Grant. 
Canton, Ohio: Randy Ballard, Trenton, Ga.; 
David Beaty, Memphis, Tenn.: Biff Quarles. 
Port St. Joe. Fla.: Paul Shaver. Manager. 
Zanesville. Ohio. Not pictured is John 
Lacev. Phoenix. .Ariz. 

WINTER 1976 


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Editorial Office, William Jennings 
Bryan College, Dayton, Tennessee 
37321. Publishing Office, Cross 
Roads Publications, Inc., 2110 
Silver Hill Road, Stone Mountain, 
Georgia 30083, 404/939-6507. 

Dr. Theodore C. Mercer, 


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John Weyant, MANAGING 


Shirley Holmes, CIRCULATION 


Steve Lester, ART DIRECTOR 

Consulting Editors: Dr. John 
Bartlett, Larry Levenger, Rebecca 
Peck and Charles Robinson. 

BRYAN LIFE is published four 
times annually by William Jen- 
nings Bryan College, Dayton, Ten- 
nessee. Produced and printed by 
Cross Roads Publications, Second 
class postage paid at Dayton, Ten- 
nessee and other points. 

Copyright 1976 


William Jennings Bryan College 

Dayton, Tennessee 



Rebecca Barge, of Macon, 
Miss., secretary of the student 
body, and George McLawhon, Jr., 
of Port St. Joe, Fla., president, in 
bicentennial costumes accent the 
college community's observance 
of the 200th birthday of our 

Back Cover: 

Photo of Laurel Falls by Larry 
Levenger shows one of the nearby 
beautiful scenic attractions 
included in the day tours planned 
for summer conference guests. 

Volume 1 

Spring 1976 

Number ; 

OUR CHRISTIAN HERITAGE: Our liberties as individuals have their foundation 
in Christian faith. By Dr. Robert W. Spoede 

ROGER WILLIAMS: Pioneer of American Freedom: Worship of God according to 
the dictates of one's own conscience is of utmost importance to all of us. By Dr. 
John W. Reed 

THE BIBLE AND MORAL VALUES: Where do we really get our concept of that ( 
which makes a thing right or wrong? By Dr. Ted Ward 

A PHILOSOPHY OF STEWARDSHIP: Insight is given here as to the development 
of a truly Christian view of giving. By Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Bennett. 

CAMPUS REVIEW: A bird's-eye view of campus activities, faculty happenings and H 

news of interest. 

RUDD CHAPEL PROGRESS: An updated report on the construction of Rudd 1' 
Chapel. Pictures. 

SPORTS HIGHLIGHTS: Featuring the men's and women's basketball teams. By 1< 
Jeff Tubbs. 


This issue of Bryan Life is our Bryan College salute to the' 
bicentennial. Consistent with the philosophy of the Rhea 
County American Revolution Bicentennial Commission, the 
college commemoration is in the context of utilizing the 
opportunities that come naturally in the calendar and in the 
flow of campus activities rather than of creating some kind 
of busywork program of events. Professor William 
Ketchersid, chairman of the division of history, social 
studies, and business, heads the college-wide committee ot 

faculty, students, and staff to serve as a focal point of coordination. 

At the personal level there are three things I should like to recommend to make the 

celebration come alive personally for you. 

1. Make it a point to learn something new about the history of the place where you; 
live. Every place is interesting if you just make the effort to learn about its past and get to 
know the people. With such knowledge comes the concomitant of belonging, an impor- 
tant counteraction to the rootlessness and fragmentation widely recognized as one of the 
negative characteristics of current Ufe. 

2. Read, read, read! Although it is certainly true that the bicentennial is being over-' 
commercialized and that much that is being offered, both in writing as well as in com- 
memorative objects, is vacuous and gimmicky, there is also available a steady stream of 
the worthwhile. Don't pass by an unparalleled opportunity to learn and understand more 
fully our national history in order that you can be a more effective evaluator and voter inj 
this election year. | 

3. Remember to pray "for all that are in authority." As I Timothy 2: 1-2 indicates,; 
prayer is commanded not because these rulers are necessarily great or good or because: 
they are Christians but because it is recognized that law, government, and order are God's 
plan for human society and that a reasonable degree of peace and prosperity is necessary 
to foster the spread of the gospel of Jesus Christ. The Christian has an equal responsibilityi 
to render to Caesar as well as to God, and there is no ultimate conflict when it is kept in 
mind that the ultimate goal of all human history as expressed by Paul in Ephesians is 
God's purpose to "gather together in one all things in Christ." 


Theodore C. Mercer 




by Dr. Robert W. Spoede 

Just what is the Christian heritage 
of America? How does a Christian and 
historian respond to that question? 
There are many mistaken conceptions 
and inaccuracies in the minds not only 
of evangelical Christians but also of the 
general run of Americans concerning 
our early history. Most Americans 
are startled to have it pointed out to 
them that the time span between the 
settlement in Jamestown, Virginia, and 
the war begun in 1775 is almost as 
great as that from the Revolutionary 
War to the present. Other than the 
general temper of the times there was 
little or nothing of Christian motives 
in the initial settlement in Jamestown 
in 1607. If we call the roll of the 
original thirteen states and seek to dis- 
cover the purpose of their settlement, 
we discover that the founding of only 
four can be attributed to distinctly 
Christian purposes. Those four are 
Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connect- 
icut, and Pennsylvania. 

But what of the "founding 
fathers," those "young men of the 
Revolution"? Except for possibly one 
or two of the signers of the Declara- 
tion of Independence, there is little 
evidence to be found that any were 
"evangelical" Christians in the modern 
sense of that phrase. Certainly a 
modern Christian with sound doctrine 
would not consider that these had 
arisen to heights of Christian perfec- 

If we discard these oversimplifica- 
tions of the "Christian heritage of 
America," do we have nothing left? By 
no means, for there is a Christian heri- 
tage in America. But like American 
government it stems from the people 
■and not from great leaders. 

What are many Christians for- 
getting concerning America's Christian 
heritage? In answer to this question, it 
would be good for most to refresh 
themselves on the impact of the 
"Great Awakening," the first and the 
fieriest of the great revivals in 
American history. When asked, many 
sound American pastors will identify 
Jonathan Edwards as simply another 
"hell-fire and brimstone" preacher of 
the period between 1730 to 1750 and 
not as one of the great intellects of our 
nation's past, an intellect that was 
devoted to the service of his Saviour. 
Most Americans are not aware that his- 
torians accept the fact that probably 

one-third of the population of the 
colonies had a Christian experience in 
the period between 1740 and 1745 
under the ministry of George White- 
field, the .Tennents, Samuel Davies, 
and others. The contribution is a hvely 
subject of discussion in learned histori- 
cal circles, a discussion that is, at pre- 
sent, best left for other times. 

But the importance of the Christian 
faith to those freedoms and liberties 
that we as Americans hold most dear 
was pointed out in its most succinct 
form by a young French observer. 
Alexis de Tocqueville came to the 
United States in 1832 to seek out the 
answer as to why democracy was suc- 
ceeding in America after it had failed 
to succeed at least twice in his native 
France. The young Frenchman took 
distinct note not only of the differ- 
ences between the "sects" (as he called 
the Protestant denominations) but also 
of the similarity in their requirements 
for the outward manifestation of the 
Christian faith. Tocqueville honestly 
faced the fact that many Americans in 
1832 "pursue a peculiar form of wor- 
ship, from habit more than convic- 
tion." In the America of the nine- 
teenth century, this European observer 
noted that "Christianity, therefore, 
reigns without any obstacle, by uni- 
versal consent; the consequence is, as I 
have before observed, that every prin- 
ciple of the moral world is fixed and 
determinate, although the political 
world is abandoned to the debates and 
and the experiments of men." In 
Tocqueville's view, although the 
Christian faith took no direct part in 
the government, it had to be regarded 
as "the foremost of the political insti- 
tutions of the country." 

Tocqueville did not presume to 
determine the depth of the faith of the 
Americans— "for who can search the 
human heart?"— but he did feel that he 
could observe its working in the social 
fabric of America. This perceptive 
observer, who to this day is credited 
by scholars with making the most 
acute survey of American society that 
has yet been done, noted that the 
actions of American businessmen, poli- 
ticians, and social commentators were 
limited by the universal acceptance of 
the Christian ethic. 

If we turn from Tocqueville to a 
more modern social observer, 
Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn, who writes 
of the impact of religion on the 

Russian people, we can observe a cen- 
tral theme. Solzhenitsyn seeks to ex- 
plain why Russia as it existed in 1917 
at the Communist revolution could 
not have become a "democratic" 
country immediately. In his open let- 
ter to the Soviet leaders following his 
expulsion from Russia, this great 
Russian writer notes that the Russian 
faith had been an authoritative faith 
that had corresponded to an authorita- 
tive political regime, which neverthe- 
less had softened the effect of that 
regime. Solzhenitsyn thus notes the in- 
ter-relationship between the faith of a 
people and its social and political insti- 

Thus America's freedoms have been 
guarded in the past by the restrictions 
on the individual imposed by the 
Christian faith. To live in an ordered 
society, people must be restricted. The 
restrictions may come from within and 
may be compelled by "doing all to the 
glory of God," or they may come 
from without by government enforce- 
ment. In totalitarian states these re- 
strictions come from the outside, en- 
forced on the people by the govern- 
ment. In a land that grants individual 
liberties, there must be a correspond- 
ing sense of responsibility imposed by 
some agency that looks upon the heart 
as well as upon the actions of man. 

In this Bicentennial Year I would 
hope that we can seek to preserve that 
most precious heritage of our fore- 
fathers, our personal liberties, by 
bringing American society back to fac- 
ing its responsibilities as individuals to 
our Saviour. Thus the greatest patri- 
otic action for the future is evangeliza- 
tion, or bringing the American citi- 
zenry back into a proper relation- 
ship—as individuals— with their God. 

Dr. Robert W. 
Spoede, associate 
professor of history, 
joined the Bryan 
faculty in 1973 
after a twenty-year 
career in the mili- 
tary. A native 
Texan, he earned his undergraduate degree 
at Texas A&M, his master's at Hardin- 
Simmons University, and the Ph.D., with a 
specialization in early American history, at 
William and Mary. In April, Dr. Spoede will 
participate in a conference on "The Ameri- 
can Revolution and Scotland " at Old 
Dominion University. 

SPRING 1976 


Pioneer of American Freedom 

by Dr. John W. Reed 

In our Amerian bicentennial cele- 
bration this year, 1976, we are placing 
the main emphasis on the past two 
hundred years of our history. At times 
it is helpful to remember also our 
Colonial roots and those influences 
that led to the events of 1776. Many 
overlook the fact that during the first 
fifty years of Colonial experience 
there developed in New England a 
Colony and a political philosophy that 
eventually became the American way. 
The writings of Roger Williams outline 
an amazingly accurate, prophetic pic- 
ture of what the American came to 
think and be. The Providence Colony 
was governed by principles that be- 
came the essential elements of our 
democratic system. 

New England Beginnings 
Roger and Mary Williams came to 
America in 1631. His reputation as a 
young Cambridge graduate who was a 
gifted preacher made him very attrac- 
tive to the Puritan church in Boston. 
Here he was offered the choice posi- 
tion of teacher. Had he accepted, he 
would have been the most influential 
person in the new world. He interview- 
ed the officials of the Boston church, 
but flatly refused the position. In his 
opinion they were an "unseparated" 
people. They were still vitally connect- 
ed with the mother church in England. 
In the remoteness of the new world, 
they could manage their affairs as they 
wished; therefore they saw no need for 
full separation. Williams went to Salem 
for a while, but left to be with the 
separatist people of Plymouth. He 
preached regularly in the Plymouth 
church, farmed, set up a trading post, 
and learned the language of the 

Williams became a trusted friend of 
the Indians. He wrote an inflammatory 
Treatise concerning what he felt to be 

the King's lack of authority over 
Indian lands. The General Court of 
Massachusetts threatened reprisals if 
he did not withdraw the tract. 
Williams submitted and soon returned 
to Salem as teacher. His preaching was 
often radical. He continued to 
champion Indian rights. He declared 
that the magistrates had no right to 
demand that unregenerate men swear 
oaths of allegiance to the Bay Colony 
in the name of God. Such acts were, to 
Williams, a forcing of worship that was 
a stench in the nostrils of God. 

His constant irritation of the 
Massachusetts Bay Colony magistrates 
led to an open debate before the 
General Court. No opinions were 
changed. The magistrates were inflexi- 
ble. John Cotton, who had taken the 
position in Boston that had been 
offered to Williams, had emerged as 
the Puritan leader. In his opinion 
Williams was sinning against his own 
conscience by refusing to submit .to 
Bay Colony interpretations of the 
Bible. The decree of banishment was 
read to WUliams, and he was told that 
he could remain in New England until 
spring if he would not preach again. 
He preached in his home the next 
week. When the General Court heard 
of his continued preaching, they sent 
officers to arrest him and put him on a 
ship back to England. Friends warned 
Williams of the plan; and though he 
was ill, he fled into the wilderness and 
lived with the Indians until spring. He 
then went to Narragansett Bay, where 
he bought land from the Indians and 
founded the Providence Colony. 

Pioneer in Providence 

In the primitive setting of the Prov- 
idence plantations, Williams worked, 
preached to the Indians, and dreamed 
of the day when his silenced voice 

could speak again. He exchanged some 
letters with the Bay Colony, but the 
controversy did not fully develop until 
he went to England in 1643 to seek a 
charter for his colony. On the trip to 
England he wrote a book on Indian 
customs and language entitled A Key 
into the Language of America. The 
book created much interest in Lon- 
don. A letter, written by John Cotton 
to Williams some time before and de- 
fending the banishment proceedings, 
appeared in print. Williams published a, 
letter in response to Cotton's asser-! 

Thus began one of the earliest of 
America's great controversies. Al- 
though Williams addressed Cotton as a 
primary audience, his writings were al- 
so intended for the English Parliament 
and the clergy of England and 
America. The debate continued 
through more than one thousand pages 
of Puritan dialectic. Its basic argu- 
ments were stated in Williams' most 
important work, The Bloudy Tenenti 
of Persecution for cause of Con- 
science, published in 1643. Williams 
returned triumphantly to Providence j 
with a Parliamentary Charter in 1644. 

John Cotton studied the Bloudy \ 
Tenent and in 1647 published his re- 
buttal, entitled The Tenent, Washed, \ 
and made white in the bloud of the t 
Lambe. He maintained his views vigor- 
ously and added more Scripture to his 
contentions. I 

In 1652 Williams returned to a; 
London that was greatly interested in: 
liberty of conscience. He met often 
with Cromwell, Milton, and other sig-,; 
nificant figures. He published his re-[ 
buttal to Cotton, The Bloudy Tenent] 
yet More Bloudy: By Mr. Cottons en- 
devour to wash it white in the Bloud ; 
of the Lambe. Cotton died in 1652,; 
probably before he read Williams' re- 


buttal. In 1654 Williams returned to 
America, where he carried on an active 
life. Death came to Williams in 1683. 

Debating Freedom of Conscience 

Almost any attempt to reduce the 
massive dialectic of the debate to brief 
statements faces the danger of over- 
simplification. The rambling argumen- 
tation is almost unintelligible to one 
who has not studied the forms of dis- 
putation taught at Cambridge during 
that period. All the major issues were 
centered around the interpretation of 
Biblical texts and ideas. Both men 
were Biblicists who enjoyed the 
minutiae of interpretative detail. 

Roger Williams' basic proposition 
maintained that no man should be per- 
secuted by the civil state for worship- 
ing God according to the dictates of 
his own conscience. Williams thought 
that a man should be able to live at 
peace with his conscience in a peaceful 
society. Since persecution for cause of 
conscience was the major cause of dis- 
harmony among men, Williams offered 
the following conclusions, many of 
which have a profoundly contem- 
porary sound: 

1. His own banishment was proof 
that the Bay Colony practiced per- 
secution for cause of conscience. 

2. The doctrine of persecution for 
cause of conscience was not taught 
in the Bible by Jesus Christ, Paul, 
or other New Testament writers. 

3. The Massachusetts Bay Colony 
was not the actual restructuring of 
the Old Testament nation of Israel 
as held by the Boston magistrates. 
The Old Testament nation of Israel 
was only a type or prophecy that 
found its antitype or fulfillment in 
the church of the New Testament. 
The Bay Colony had no rational 
claim for their theocratic form of 
government and no precedent for 
the rule of the saints. 

4. Persecution for cause of con- 
science was not a universal practice 
of civil states. Other nations existed 
and prospered which did not 
exercise authority in spiritual 

5. Persecution for cause of con- 
science disrupted civil and church 
peace. It certainly destroyed the 
peace of those people who must 
conform or be persecuted. 

6. The civil state should be con- 
cerned only with civil matters and 
leave spiritual matters for the care 
of the church. The state should 
provide security for those who 

assembled to worship so that they 
might worship in peace. The civil 
authorities should intervene in reli- 
gious dissent only when dissenters 
disturb the civil peace. Those who 
voluntarily dedicate themselves to 
religious service should not be re- 
strained from performing that 

7. The state should insure full 
liberty of conscience for all. No re- 
ligious heretics, sects, or unbe- 
lievers should be persecuted by the 
state. The state should not tax the 
people to finance the church. 

8. The church should regulate and 
care for herself. Religious heretics 
should be dealt with by the church. 
A strong and growing church is the 
best way to control the sects. 

9. The presence or absence of a 
church in a particular community 
had no relationship to the civil 
peace of the community. Williams 
referred to the New Testament city 
of Ephesus as possessing a str9ng 
cult for the worship of Diana. 

There was also a Christian church 
and a Jewish synagogue. Any of 
these three institutions might be 
altered or completely removed 
without effect upon the peace of 
Ephesus. Allowance of differing 
consciences by the civil state was 
the undeniable road to peace in 

Influence on the 
American Tradition 

There is no evidence to indicate 
that the Bloudy Tenent was read by 
the framers of the American Constitu- 
tion or of the Bill of Rights. None can 
deny, however, the existence of 
Williams' writings during that period. 
Nor can any deny that the long 
shadow of Williams' experiences and 
influence had been on the American 
conscience for more than one hundred 
years. Williams influenced English 
leaders and writers during the heat of 
his great debate. The close relationship 
between Williams' views and those ex- 
pressed by John Locke cause some to 
feel that Locke must have spent con- 
siderable time with the Bloudy 
Tenent. Locke in turn had great im- 
pact upon those who wrote the Con- 

In the context of our bicentennial 
year, we might do well to reflect on 
the thoughts of America's freedom 
pioneer. Roger Williams, and thank 
God anew for the privilege of worship- 
ing according to the dictates of our in- 
dividual consciences. 

Dr. John W. Reed 

Dr. Reed, associate professor 
of practical theology at Dallas 
Theological Seminary, graduated 
from Bryan College in 1951 with 
a B.A. degree. Since that time he 
earned the B.D. in 1954 from 
Grace Theological Seminary, the 
M.A. from Bowling Green State 
University, and the Ph.D. in 
1966 from Ohio State Univer- 
sity, majoring in public address 
and oral interpretation of litera- 
ture. For nine years prior to 
going to Dallas, he was professor 
of speech and chairman of the 
division of language and litera- 
ture at Cedarville College. 

Adding a special dimension 
to Dr. Reed's article is the fact 
that he is an eleventh-generation 
descendant of Roger Williams 
through Mercy Williams, a 
daughter, who married Waite 
Waterman. Reed's revolutionary 
ancestor in this line was Roger 
Sheldon (1743-1816) of 
Scituate, R. I. Reed indicates 
that there are some 16,000 living 
descendants of Roger Williams 
through his six children. 

Dr. Reed contributed two 
chapters to the book American 
Controversy: A History of 
American Public Address, pub- 
lished in 1973. His chapters are 
entitled "Puritan Paternalism 
and Indian Evangelism 
1620-1675" and "Church and 
State in Massachusetts 

SPRING 1976 

Dr. Ted Ward 

Dr. Ward has been at Michi- 
gan State University for twenty 
years, where he is director of the 
Values Development Education 
Program, established with the 
assistance of the Lilly Endow- 
ment, and professor of Curricu- 
lum Research, assigned to the In- 
stitute for International Studies. 
His career as an educator has in- 
cluded a variety of teaching, re- 
search, and administrative roles. 
He lectures on many campuses 
and for numerous educational 
and church-oriented associa- 

Dr. Ward is active in the 
development of instructional 
materials for the church and 
missions. He has engaged exten- 
sively in training for cross- 
cultural communication. His 
writings appear in major en- 
cyclopedias, professional 
yearbooks and journals, popular 
magazines, and religious publica- 
tions. Among his more widely 
known books is Memo For The 

The occasion of his visit to 
Bryan was to lead the faculty 
workshop which opened the sec- 
ond semester in January. The 
basic thrust of the workshop on 
the development of values is fun- 
damental to the mission of the 
Christian liberal arts coUege. 

Teachers, pastors, and parents are 
showing a sudden rush of interest in 
moral education. Why? Perhaps it was 
triggered by Watergate, or maybe it is 
a more general concern for the moral 
collapse of American life. 

No matter what the cause, there 
has rarely been such a high level of 
activity in the field of moral and ethi- 
cal education. What had for genera- 
tions become "somebody else's 
business" is now becoming every- 
body's business again. This time there 
is some new hope: research in moral 
development is providing some clearer 
understandings of what sorts of learn- 
ing experiences are likely to be effec- 
tive. Perhaps we can cut down on the 
useless and compulsive tell-tell-tell 
sorts of teaching and really get in- 
volved in the valuing process. It will 
begin with understanding ourselves 
better, then building the sorts of rela- 
tionships that allow people to develop 
their own value structures. It is clear 
now that values are not handed over to 
people ready-made. 

For the Christian there are two im- 
portant questions that demand clear 
answers: (1) Where do moral values 
come from? (2) How can we help a 
person develop moral values? Unlike 
the secular society whose answers to 
the first question are always relativistic 
("It depends on the situation or upon 
the particular society's norms"), the 
Christian answers that God has reveal- 
ed Himself in His creation and His 
Word. God is the source. But as the 
Apostle Paul reminds us again and 
again, God's basic revelation of moral 
order is at the level of principle; laws 
and rules, even the good models of be- 
havior that Christians try to set for 
one another, are only a means to an 
end. The ultimate source and criterion 
of righteousness is God's justice, and 


the motivation to act justly is God's 
love. This should be understood in its 
Biblical perspective: not every good 
act or every correct moral judgment is 
made by a Christian. Surely many 
morally good judgments and behaviors 
exist outside the family of God's re- 
deemed community. But we see even 
these as ultimately traceable to the 
revelations and creative acts of God. 
The good things of the creation "fall 
on the just and the unjust," including 
the knowing of right and wrong. In 
Romans 1:20 we read that "since the 
creation of the world His invisible at- 
tributes. His eternal power and divine 
nature have been clearly seen, being 
understood through what was made " 
(NAS). And in the next chapter Paul 
amplifies this truth: "For when 
Gentiles who do not have the Law do 
instinctively the things of the Law, 
these, not having the Law, are a law to 
themselves, in that they show the 
work of the Law written in their 
hearts, their conscience bearing wit- 
ness, and their thoughts alternately 
accusing or else defending them- 
selves " (2: 14,15 NAS). 

Our historical preoccupation with 
the evQ that is in man may have 
blinded us to the marvelous insights 
which these texts c'Un bring. What is 
this doing good "instinctively," or as 
in some other translators' view, a do- 
ing "by nature"? Does natural man 
have any tendency at all to know and 
do righteousness? Should it really sur- 
prise us to learn that the research in 
moral judgment finds that all people 
seem to be capable of developing to 
levels of judgment that reflect justice 
and love, whether or not they are 
"born again"? Have we so easily for- 
gotten that the issue of righteousness 
of the person in God's sight is much 
more than whether or not the person 


xi Moral Values 

by led Ward 

has done moral good? In theological 
perspective, the criterion of standing 
before God is in the washing of regen- 
eration-the miracle of new birth, re- 
deeming the nature that is dead in sin. 
It goes far beyond the matter of hav- 
ing a moral conscience; Paul says that 
even those who have never heard 
God's law have that. It goes far be- 
yond the matter of behaving consis- 
tently with one's moral judgment; 
none of us would stand righteous be- 
fore God if that were the criterion! So 
we need to make a basic distinction 
between the sort of moral judgment 
and moral action that is visible in the 
human (horizontal) plane and can be 
shared by all people because of God's 
general grace and, on the other matter, 
God's absolute washing of the elemen- 
tal spirit of man that brings a person 
into a walking, talking fellowship with 
God (the vertical plane). For this latter 
we see the absolute necessity of Jesus 
Christ, His death and resurrection; but 
for the former we see that God the 
creator has left His fingerprints of 
good on the very nature of man. 

At least one way to read the new 
evidence from the research on moral 
development sees it remarkably 
parallel to Biblical understandings. For 
example, the researchers make a clear 
distinction between moral judgment 
and moral action. Moral judgment is 
the making of a decision on the basis 
of one's understanding of right and 
wrong. Moral action is the doing of 
something, carrying out an action that 
is right or wrong. ("Moral action" is a 
general term used to describe any 
action that has a moral content 
whether it is right or wrong, good or 
bad, moral or immoral.) In Jesus' 
teaching He drew attention to this 
same distinction between moral judg- 
ment and moral action. In the parable 

of the man's two sons (Matthew 
21:28-31), the first son shows sound 
moral judgment and the willingness to 
agree to his father's request. The 
second son shows a rebellious spirit, 
reacting negatively to his father; but 
later, realizing the wrongness of his 
response, he acts on his moral judg- 
ment and goes into the vineyard to 
carry out the request of his father. 
Jesus poses over this story a question 
suggesting that God is concerned 
about more than moral judgment; He 
is concerned about moral action! 

But we should never forget that 
God takes no great satisfaction in 
actions that have no moral judgment 
underneath them. Man was created to 
share God's image and, in certain key 
points, to share God's nature. "Let us 
make man in our image and after our 
likeness," said God at the dawning of 
the sixth day! And God shared with 
mankind this crucial capacity to make 
moral choices. He put Adam into a 
marvelous situation and burdened him 
with but one vital responsibility: to 
obey God in one particular. Could 
God have done any less and still made 
Adam free? The tracing of mankind's 
sin to Adam's failure (on the one vital 
point of obedience) is a fundamental 
point of historical Christian theology. 
But in this very point is the implica- 
tion that God sees choice, call it judg- 
ment or decision-making, as being a 
basic responsibility of being human. 

How moral judgment and moral 
action fit together is important. When 
a person does not act on what he 
knows to be right, there is a gap be- 
tween his moral judgment and his 
moral action. This gap represents one 
of the ways the Bible defines sin. 
"Therefore, to one who knows the 
right thing to do and does not do it, to 
him it is sin" (James 4: 17 NAS). 

It is clear, then, that moral judg- 
ment is important, moral action is im- 
portant, and closing the gap between 
judgment and action is also important. 
But what exactly is moral judgment? 
Is it simply a matter of knowing all the 
right things to do? Those who study 
this question today make a very useful 
distinction between two aspects of a 
moral judgment: its content and its 
structure. The content of a moral judg- 
ment is the particular "do" or 
"don't"; it is the what of the moral 
choice— what one sees as the right. The 
structure of a moral judgment is its 
why: why I do or why I don't value 
that particular choice. For example, 
"It is wrong to steal" is a statement of 
moral content. "I don't steal because I 
don't want to get into trouble" tells 
you much more— it reveals a strong 
clue about the structure of my moral 
judgment; apparently my value con- 
tent (it's wrong to steal) is held in 
place structurally by a fear of getting 
into trouble. The fear of punishment is 
representative of a structural level of 
moral judgment quite normal among 
small children but somewhat sad 
among adults! 

The recent research of Lawrence 
Kohlberg of Harvard University has 
significantly advanced the scientific 
and academic study of values educa- 
tion. Kohlberg's key discovery is that 
there are three different levels of struc- 
ture of value development through 
which humans pass. These levels are 
entered one by one, in the' same se- 
quence for everyone. But Kohlberg 
finds that some people never get be- 
yond the first level; in fact, relatively 
few develop into the third level. The 
major characteristic of level I is that 
the person sees all the rights and 
wrongs as determined by rewards and 
punishments. In other words, one's 
own ego determines morality, and the 

SPRING 1976 

lightness or wrongness of a particular 
judgment develops inside oneself 
through a growing awareness of the 
consequences for oneself of the moral 
action. We all have been in this struc- 
tural level as children— it is the first 
great dawning of moral accountability. 
As a child's perspective develops he 
becomes capable of getting "outside 
himself" to see other viewpoints. Thus 
level II begins as the person comes to 
determine right and wrong on the basis 
of moral standards from "out there." 
In the early stage of level II the be- 
havior that pleases mother and daddy 
becomes important. Models or 
examples of "good" behavior are 
recognized and copied. No longer is it 
just a matter of "what I want to do." 
The person is responsive to an outside 
frame of moral reference. This stage of 
level II matures into a higher stage in 
which one's structural reference, still 
"out there," is seen in willing and 
eager responsiveness to orderliness 
created by law and rule-oriented social 
situations. Our national heritage is rich 
with the hallowing of this stage of 
moral structure: "Ours is a govern- 
ment not of men but of laws." 

Kohlberg has found yet a higher 
level. After passing through Level II, a 
relatively small percentage of people 
move into a structural level Kohlberg 
calls "principled moral reasoning." For 
them the issue is not the rules and laws 
in themselves, nor the particulars of 
good moral examples, but the princi- 
ples that underhe the examples, rules, 
and laws. How similar this sounds to 
Jesus' teaching that the Pharisees, with 
their emphasis on law, law, law, were 
missing the basic point of God's mercy 
and justice: "Go and learn what this 
means, I desire compassion and not 
sacrifice..." (Matthew 9:13 NAS, 
Jesus, citing Hosea 6:6). 

Surely Jesus' ministry highlights 
the principled level underlying God's 
law. "Do not think I have come to 
abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did 
not come to abolish them but to fulfill 
them" (Matthew 5: 17, NIV). Through- 
out the Sermon on the Mount He 
systematically states and puts Himself 
on record supporting one after another 
of the commandments, and for each 
He adds a principled statement that 
broadens the meaning and holds be- 
fore us the two basic principles that 
later He identifies as the Great Com- 
mandments: the principle of man's re- 
lationship to God in love and obedient 
devotion and the principle of man's 
involvement with his fellow man in 

love. "All the Law and the Prophets 
hang on these two commandments" 
(Matthew 22:40 NIV). 

The research of Jean Piaget (Swiss 
developmental psychologist) gives us 
the clearest insight into how a person 
moves from level to level as mental 
processes develop. Piaget concludes 
that development develops: it is not 
dependent on somebody's causing it. 
Applied to moral development educa- 
tion, this means that we must look for 
what it is that causes some people not 
to develop; Piaget's studies strongly 
suggest that the big issue in the moral 
development of the child is the en- 
vironmental forces that would keep 
structural development from oc- 
curring. (This really isn't such a 
strange conclusion— if moral develop- 
ment is akin to cognitive development, 
and Piaget, Kohlberg and others agree 
that it is; and if cognitive development 
is akin to physical development, and 
Piaget, Bruner, Gesell and others 
agree that it is, we can consider that 
there's not much role for human will- 
fulness in the general development 
process. Will hair not grow if you for- 
get to water it? Will the child's baby 
teeth not be replaced by "permanent 
teeth" if you fail to exhort the child?) 
Kohlberg has observed that the quality 
of justice in a person's environment 
has a strong bearing on his continued 
development. Apparently, injustice is 
one of the factors that retard or stall 
moral development. 

From Piaget we also learn that the 
major developmental transitions in life 
are typically preceded by upheaval in 
one's outlook. He calls it "disequUi- 
bration," referring to the getting out 
of balance when suddenly we come to 
realize that the way we have been 
looking at things no longer seems ade- 
quate for the new problems and con- 
cerns of which we have become aware. 
At such times, a person's whole frame- 
work of ideas undergoes a reorganiza- 
tion and after a more or less difficult 
time of adjustment becomes "reequili- 
brated" at the new developmental 
level. In careful studies of many 
people over long periods of time, back- 
ing up has never been reported. The 
direction of development is forward! 
(Please remember: we are talking here 
of the development of moral judg- 
ment. There is plenty of room for 
plain old-fashioned backsliding in 
what is observed in moral action!) 

What does the research suggest 
about what should be done to facili- 
tate moral development? The major 

implications for teachers and parents 
are these: 

1. Provide a learning and grow- 
ing environment in which justice is 
central and the participation of 
everyone in the striving for justice 
is encouraged. 

2. Accept the reality of the 
levels of moral development. 
Children are not miniature adults. 
At first they will need the nurture 
of rewards and punishments, 
handled in a just manner. Then 
they will begin to respond to 
examples; provide consistent and 
sound models and keep your own 
behavior constant with the moral 
messages you want the chOd to re- 
ceive. Develop with children an 
orderly use of rules, not as a basis 
for punishment but to enhance 
confidence and communication by 
clarifying the expectations and de- 
mands of a just and secure environ- 

3. Develop a relationship with 
your children and your students in 
which open dialogue and rich ex- 
periences are continually shared. 
Thus you wiU be ready to be the 
needed comfort and encourage- 
ment when a youngster reaches a 
time of disequOibration. What is 
most needed then is one who can 
"come alongside" for encourage- 
ment and support— one who will 
accept the anxieties and doubts of 
the transitions in moral judgment 
without panic and without criti- 
cism. (This recommendation wOf 
ring bells for those who have 
studied the roles of God the Holy 

Christians tend to be confident in 
the source and the content of their 
moral judgments. To trust God is to 
accept what He has said and done. But 
there is more to values development 
than content! Most of our problems as 
parents and educators relate to the 
need to better understand the struc- 
ture of moral judgment. We need tc 
continue an emphasis on sound con- 
tent, but it must be put in a frame- 
work of structure that learners car 
handle. The Bible is our crucial source 
book on what God has said. Science 
rightly understood, is our source booi 
on what God has made. We need both 

Taken from Biblical Issues in Mora 
Development by Ted Ward and use( 
by permission of the author. Copy 
right, 1976, Ted Ward. 




Raymond and Margaretta Bennett 

After retirement from a successful 
:areer as an executive in one of Ohio's 
arge industries, Raymond Bennett and 
lis wife, Margaretta, moved into a 
Deautiful retirement liome sponsored 
3y their church denomination, in 
3rder to allow them in a much more 
;onvenient manner to develop a new, 
3ut just as full, program of activities, 
rheir involvement in one of Ohio's 
lynamic evangelical churches con- 
:inues; and Mr. and Mrs. Bennett, 
seing avid travelers, spend part of their 
ime visiting exciting places all over 
he world. Each year they enjoy one 
3r two extensive world tours. 

To safeguard their concern that the 
;state they leave be used in enterprises 
)romoting the same beliefs and 
tandards upon which their lives have 
'een built, the Bennetts recently 
idded a codicil to their will, stating 
he qualifications which any educa- 
ional institution must meet in order 
o receive its bequest. Included is a 
heological statement requiring that 

the institution teach the Scriptures as 
the inspired and infallible Word of 
God and that the institution's creed in- 
clude belief in the virgin birth of our 
Lord, the whole Word of God, the 
doctrine of the Trinity, and the 
necessity of repentance and surrender 
to Jesus Christ. Institutions remem- 
bered by the Bennetts with bequests 
must prohibit the use of drugs and 
alcohol and must not permit gambling 
or tolerate immorality on campus. 
Also institutions must require chapel 
and courses in Biblical studies of all 

Mr. Bennett's statement of their 
personal philosophy of stewardship 

"I like to think of my life as a part- 
nership with God. Through this part- 
nership and trust in Him, I cannot help 
but believe that many of the oppor- 
tunities which opened up to me and 
the increase in worldly goods given me 
had Divine guidance. 

"My parents and grandparents instill- 
ed in me the desire to live a Christian 
life with the tenets of honesty, thrift 
and love of fellowmen and to do my 
very best toward any task assigned me 
with any talent I may possess. 

"In my early twenties I was joined 
by one of the greatest helpmates one 
could desire and through the years we 
have enjoyed good health, made many 
wonderful friends, and secured a 
modest financial 

about thirty years ago as our own 
church and other charities were 
covered we began to give additional 
funds to capital items in our church, 
Christian colleges and retirement 
homes. This has grown over the years 
and proven a great satisfaction to us 
when we see the joy and happiness 
that others continue to derive from it. 

"Strange as it may seem, the more 
we give or share sacrificially, the more 
our estate seems to grow. We feel what 
God has entrusted to us is to be used 
in a way that might bring honor to His 
Kingdom. All we have is a gift from 
Him, and it is our desire to use it in 
the way it might do the most good for 
the most people in a Christian way. 

"The satisfaction that this has gen- 
erated in our lives prompted us to be- 
queath the bulk of our estate to 
Christian colleges for capital improve- 
ments and student loan funds so that 
the advancement of Christendom may 
benefit after we leave this life. Even 
though we were not privileged to have 
had such opportunities ourselves, we 
feel that the needs for Christian insti- 
tutions and their graduates is a 
necessary factor in the protection of 
the basic Christian ideals on which our 
country was built and prospered. 

"Therefore, it is our philosophy of 
stewardship that we invest all we can 
in the promotion of Christian ideals as 
we go through life. Thus we will per- 
petuate the preservation of those 
ideals on which this great country was 
founded and leave in a small way our 
imprint on the heritage for future 

SPRING 1976 



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Students gather ari)unJ the exhibits of the Overseas Missionary Fellowship 
and Baptist Mid-Missions during the January Missionary and Bible Con- 

ference. Some twenty-one missionary societies were represen 
sonnel and displays during the annual conference which 
opening of the second semester, January 7-9. 

ted with per- 
marked the 


Six Bryan trustees were presented 
with citations of merit in recognition 
of their years of service on the board. 
The awards were made at the trustee 
chapel program on January 27, during 
the winter meeting of the board. 

Pictured following the presenta- 
tions are, front row, left to right. Rev. 
Lewis Llewellyn, pastor, of Sebring, 
Fla., and Dr. J. Wesley McKinney, 
Memphis ophthamologist and 
chairman of the board, each of whom 
has served for twenty-five years, and 
Barry Whitney, of Augusta, Ga., cot- 
ton factor, who has served for fifteen 
years. Back row, left to right are James 
Barth, agri-businessman, of Poland, 
Ohio, and Rev. W. Earle Stevens, Jr., 
Memphis pastor, each of whom has 
served ten years, and Dr. Theodore C. 
Mercer, Bryan's president, who made 
the presentations. 

Not present for the ceremony was 
Miss Ruth Huston, of Winter Park, 
Fla., who was cited for fifteen years of 


An important feature of the 
activity of the division of fine arts is 
the presentation of students in recitals 
which are a part of the requirements 
of the various music majors. 

The first of the season's recitals 
occurred on November 20, when Miss 
Phoebe Blount, of Hampton, Va., and 
Miss Sarah Jones, of Miami, Fla., were 
presented in their joint senior piano 
recital. Both women are music educa- 
tion majors. On December 4, Hodge 
Drake, of Hamilton, Ohio, a major in 
music theory and composition, direct- 
ed a number of his own compositions, 
which were performed variously by 
the Madrigals, Miss Touts and Miss 

Miss Margaret English, of Kinsale, 
Va., and Miss Robin Rummel, of 
Durham, N.C., music education 
majors, presented their recital on 
January 27. Miss Rummel, pianist, 
played compositions by Bach, Brahms, 
Kennan, Liszt, and Ravel; and Miss 
English, soprano, sang selections by 
Sullivan, Marcello, von Gluck, 
Schumann, Chausson, and Rowley, as 
well as a group of unpublished biblical 
songs by Judy Hunicutt, of Knoxville. 

Dan Alderman, a church music 
major from Beaver, West Va., and his 
wife, Connie, a music education major, 
appeared in joint recital on March 22, 
he in voice and she in piano. They 
were followed by Miss Barbara 
Canatella, a major in music theory and 

composition, of KingsvOle, Md., in a 
vocal and instrumental recital on 
March 29. 

Miss Terri Fouts, vocalist, of Vero 
Beach, Fla., and Miss Verna Carney, 
pianist, of Little Hocking, Ohio, music 
education majors, will appear in joint 
voice and piano recital on April 8: and 
Mrs. Debbie Kier, of Dayton, also a 
music education major, and Miss 
English wUl give a joint recital on .April 
20, Mrs. Kier in voice and Miss 
English, appearing in her second 
recital, in piano. 

Jeannette Clift George, Christian 
actress and star of the film The Hiding 
Place, recently released by World Wide 
Pictures, captivated the Bryan com- 
munity January 19 and 20 with her 
chapel lectures and dramatic presenta- 
tion. Sponsored by the division of 
literature and modem languages as a 
part of the annual divisional lectures, 
she spoke on "Drama and the 
Christian" in her first chapel appear- 
ance. The second day she described 
the filming of The Hiding Place and 
showed a brief film clip from the pic- 
ture now being premiered in the Un- 
ited States. 

In afternoon sessions she conduct- 
ed student workshops on "Drama in 
the Church" and on the technical as- 
pects of acting. In the one night 
session she gave her own personal 
Christian testimony followed by a 
dramatic performance. . 

In the fUm she portrays Corrie ten I 
Boom, the Dutch Christian who saved ' 
the lives of scores of Jews in HoUand 
during the Nazi occupation. Also well- 
known as a Bible teacher, speaker. 
monologist, and playwright. Miss Clift 
speaks to many churches and civic 
groups as well as educational insti- 

Dr. John B. Bartlett will conduct 
his eleventh European tour this sum- 
mer. The twenty-day, first-class ex-. 



cursion set for June 20 through July 9 
will combine a seven-day Mediter- 
ranean cruise with a grand tour of 

Dr. Bartlett states: "The European 
tour wOl take in Paris with its elegant 
palaces, old churches, charming 
courtyards, winding side streets, and 
wide hustling boulevards. Visits to 
beautiful Lucerne in the Swiss Alps 
and exotic Milan in Italy will bring us 
next to storied Venice, where the tour 
embarks on the Mediterranean cruise, 
an exciting new addition to the tour 
this year. The cruise includes far- 
away places with strange-sounding 
names as Dubrovnik on the Dalmation 
coast of Yugoslavia; Katakalou on the 
Ionian Sea; the ancient Corinthian 
capitol of Corfu; Athens; and Itea, lo- 
cation of the fabled Oracle of Delphi. 
Returning to Venice, the travelers con- 
tinue on to Florence, Rome, and Lon- 
don, with time allowed in each city for 
sightseeing, local excursions, shopping, 
and entertainment." 


The 45-voice Bryan Concert Choir 
made its annual spring tour during the 
vacation days early in March on a 
southwestern swing. From an initial 
stop in Fort Valley, Ga., the chartered 
bus load of Bryan musicians made its 
way to New Orleans area for Sunday 
services and then headed west for 
Monday through Friday in Texas cen- 
tered around Dallas. The return trip in- 
cluded stops in Mississippi and a final 
appointment on Sunday night at 
Birmingham, Ala. 

In keeping with the bicentennial 
theme, the choir program features a 
collage of American music by 
American composers, ranging from the 
Psalm tunes to contemporary works of 
Charles Ives, Randall Thompson, and 
Lee Hoiby, and folk gospel music by 
the Madrigals. Also included is music 
from the Revolutionary days by Lane 
Billings, one of the first native Ameri- 
can composers; music of the Moravian 
church; selections from the Sacred 
Harp Hymnal; and black spirituals. Re- 
lated to the days of the founding 
fathers are anthems from the English 
cathedral school, which would have 

been popular in England at the time 
the Pilgrims came to America. 

The choir gave its annual home 
concert in chapel on March 16, im- 
mediately after returning from tour. 


Four student government offi- 
cers—Student Senate president George 
McLawhon, Jr., Port St. Joe, Fla. ; vice 
president Steve Johnson, Jackson, 
Mich.; secretary Becky Barge, Macon, 
Miss.; and business manager Becky 
Spoede, Day ton — represented the 
student body at the annual meeting of 
the Association of Evangelical Stu- 
dents in Washington, D.C., at the end 
of February. The convention was held 
in conjunction with the joint conven- 
tion of the National Association of 
Evangelicals and the National Reli- 
gious Broadcasters. The meeting con- 
vened with an address by President 
Ford and also Congressman John 
Conlan, Ariz. During the week the 
students attended seminars on leader- 
ship development and group ministries 
led by Dr. Hudson T. Armerding, 
president of Wheaton College; Dr. Bill 
Gwinn of Christian Camping; and Dr. 
Everett Graffam of World Relief Com- 
mission. The convention ended with 
the annual banquet at which George 
Beverly Shea was the featured soloist 
and Dr. Francis A. Schaeffer was the 


Shown above are Col. and Mrs. J. 
Henderson Brock, of Bradenton, Fla., 
who were guests of honor at a dinner 
meeting of Bryan friends and alumni 
at Holmes Beach on Feb. 17; they 
were presented a number of gifts and a 
citation of merit in recognition of 
their scholarship program and support 
of Rudd Memorial Chapel project. 
Seventy persons representing eight 
states attended the dinner. 


The summer touring group of 
Bryan Gospel Messengers includes a 
male quartet plus their accompanist, 
John Steele, a junior of Dayton, Tenn. 
Two repeating travelers are Brian 
Schrauger, a junior of Eaton Rapids, 
Mich., and Dan Jones, a sophomore of 
Augusta, Mich. The newcomers are 
Larry Klabunde, a sophomore from 
HuntsvUle, Ala., and Ron Decker, a 
sophomore from Westland, Mich. Con- 
firmed appointments at press time for 
an eleven-week tour include the 

First Baptist Church 

Warwick, Ga. 

Ortega Presbyterian Church 

Jacksonville, Fla. 

Grace Brethren Church 

Pompano Beach, Fla. 

LeJeune Presbyterian Church 

Miami, Fla. 
-Bible Fellowship Church 

Sebring, Fla. 
-Calvary Baptist Church 

Pensacola, Fla. 
-Open Door Bible Church 

Memphis, Tenn. 
-East White Oak Bible Church 

Cariock, 111. 
-Faith Bible Church 

Decatur, 111. 
-Grace Bible Church 

Washington, 111. 
-Pekin Bible Church 

Pekin, 111. 
-Bethel Bible Church 

Hammond, Ind. 
-First Baptist Church 

Valparaiso, Ind. 

Gull Lake Bible Conference 

Hickory Corners, Mich. 

Byron Center Bible Church 

Byron Center, Mich. 

First Baptist Church 

St. Clair, Mich. 
-Hickory Grove Baptist 

Church and Camp 

Chariotte, N. C. 

Pastors and other friends interested 
in appointments within the geographi- 
cal areas and calendar schedule indi- 
cated above should write or telephone 
(615-775-2041) Miss Rebecca Peck, 
executive alumni secretary, who is 
arranging the schedule. 



























July 2- 
and 3 
July 6-^ 






Visit Bryan Campus 
during your spring vacation. 

Contact: Admissions Office 
Bryan College 

Dayton, TN. 37321 

SPRING 1976 



Ted Headlee, left. auJ r<>ni Cocrz are 
shown in their skit unveiling the chair 
options for Rudd Chapel auditorium. 

George McLawhon. student body president, 
presenting the Chairs for Chapel Project dur- 
ing a student assemblly. 

The flurry that typifies most stu- 
dent projects was evident in the kick- 
off for the "Chapel Chair Campaign" 
sponsored by the Student Senate of 
the college. The project was first intro- 
duced through a clever skit in which 
Ted Headlee, of Chattanooga, a junior, 
represented a chair salesman; Tom 
Goetz, a junior, also of Chattanooga, 
impersonated the dean of students, 
Kermit Zopfi; and David Mercer, 
senior math major, impersonated his 
father, the president of the college. 
While Tom as dean in the skit present- 
ed chairs for the students' considera- 
tion, David— dressed like, acting like, 
and talking like his father— stood by to 
counsel the dean and to take pictures 
of the chair models. Included among 
the models were a folding lounge chair 
in which students could easily sleep 
during public performances, a model 
made from cement blocks which 
would remind the students of all those 
chapels during which they sat on the 
concrete bleachers in the gymnasium, 
and finally a handsome opera-type 
chair which is a candidate for final 

selection. With this introduction of the 
challenge afforded by the project. 
Student Senate president George 
McLawhon, a senior of Port St. Joe, 
Fla., presented the plan of action in 
which the Student Senate is soliciting 
the entire student body for individual 
names to whom a brochure, plus a 
personal note from the person sub- 
mitting the name, will be sent. 

The attractive brochure includes a 
letter from the college vice president 
introducing the campaign and a letter 
from the Student Senate president 
stressing the idea that because every 
other constituent of the college com- 
munity has made a sizable contribu- 
tion toward the Rudd Memorial 
Chapel, the student body also wants to 
do its part. 

The purpose of the campaign is to 
raise the $42,000 needed for the 
chapel seating. Solicitations will be 
made on the basis of an individual's 
purchase of a single chair at the price 
of $50 per chair. As an incentive, a 
$250 first-prize scholarship and a $100 
second-prize scholarship will be award- 
ed to the students who secure the 
contributions of the most chairs. In 
addition, each student "selling" or 
contributing a chair will be treated to 
a steak dinner. 

The Senate is off and running; the 
project is gaining momentum.- A first 
report will be given at the April 2 
banquet honoring Dr. and Mrs. Mercer 
for twenty years of service at Bryan 


Dr. Biller Participates 
in Training Program 

During the month of January, Dr. 
Tom Biller, assistant professor of 
psychology, completed an educational 
training program of the Tennessee De- 
partment of Mental Health, certifying 
him as a forensic evaluator, which 
qualifies him to test the competency 
of a criminal suspect to stand trial. Dr. 
Biller is also assistant pastor of the 
First Baptist Church of Dayton. 

Dr. Richardson Speaks 
Dr. Brian Richardson, associate 
professor of Christian education, was 
keynote speaker for the Christian and 
Missionary Alliance State Sunday 
School Convention in Marietta, 
Georgia, on January 31. He also con- 
ducted two workshops during the con- 
ference. Dr. Richardson also serves as 
pastor of Sale Creek Presbyterian 

Mr. Ketchersid Leads CASC Workshop 

Mr. William Ketchersid, associate 
professor of history, was one of five 
leaders, from as many colleges, 
directing the southeastern regional 
workshop for faculty development. 
Held in Atlanta on February 5 and 6, 
the conference was sponsored by the 
Council for the Advancement of Small 
Colleges (CASC). Mr. Ketchersid is 
chairman of the division of histor\ . 
business, and social sciences at Bryan 
and is on-campus consultant for 
faculty development. 

Other colleges participating in the 
workshop were Mars Hill College 
(N.C.), Mobile College (Ala.), TreveccE, 
Nazarene College (Tenn.), and Pike, 
ville College (Ky.). Also attending tht' 
workshop from Bryan were Gler; 
Liebig, associate academic dean anc; 
registrar; Dr. Robert Spoede, associati 
professor of history and social science 
Dr. Robert Jenkins, professor o 
business and head of the departmen 
of business; Dr. Richard Cornelius 
professor of English and chairman o 
the division of literature and moderi 
languages; and William Boyd, assistan 
professor of music. 




Dr. Willard L. Henning officially re- 
tired as full-time faculty member in 
December, after serving twenty years 
as professor of biology and six years as 
the first chairman of the Division of 
Natural Sciences from the inception of 
the divisional organization in 1968. On 
March 19 Dr. Henning was honored at 
a faculty-staff dinner during which 
gifts were presented and special tri- 
butes paid to him for his years of un- 
selfish and dedicated service at Bryan 

Although officially retired from a 
full-time job in the work-a-day-world, 
Dr. Henning wants to continue a busy 
schedule as long as he is able. The ad- 
justment to a lighter teaching load will 
not be too difficult because it will give 
him more flexibility to schedule and 
accomplish the many miscellaneous 
jobs he has looked forward to doing. 

In Dr. Henning's plans for the 
'uture, as he continues on a part-time 
)asis at the college, is the completion 
)f the work on the museum collection, 
vhich he started as a project when he 
'irst came to Bryan in September of 
1956. Two facts encouraged him in his 
mdeavor. He already had a modest 
:ollection of various specimens which 
le had accumulated in his study and 
ravels during previous years. Also 
leveral useful and worthwhile speci- 
nens were already owned by the col- 
ege, including a fairly large collection 
)f minerals and rocks that had been 
issembled by the first science pro- 
essor during the year Bryan College 
jegan, 1930-31. A very large number 
jf specimens of all types (various 
inimals, plants and parts, rocks, arche- 
slogical artifacts, curios, ornaments, 
^tc.) have been added through the 
^ears. Sorting, repairing, identifying, 
md mounting these specimens, as well 
IS planning and arranging suitable dis- 
play facilities, are a major part of the 
ask awaiting him in the full develop- 
nent of the Henning Museum, which 
tas attracted considerable attention 
)ver the years. 

The writing of a concise account of 
he Scopes Trial from the Christian 

viewpoint is also high on Dr. Henning's 
"retirement" priority list. As time per- 
mits, he wishes to develop a course in 
Science and the Bible from the crea- 
tionist's point of view. During his 
twenty years at Bryan College, he has 
had many opportunities to point out 
the creationist's view on the origin of 
man, of life, and the entire physical 
realm of God's creation. He has 
written many articles on the subject, 
including a booklet, How Valid is the 
Theory of Evolution?, which has had 
wide circulation. Although Dr. 
Henning has seen many, many changes 
and improvements at Bryan College, 
his personal belief in the reliability of 
the Scriptural account of creation as 
stated in the Holy Bible has not 
changed. Dr. Henning believes this can 
only be understood and accepted by 
those who believe in God as Almighty, 
who holds power over matter and who 
is a worker of miracles. No other alter- 
native is plausible for the origin of the 
universe or the world and all things in . 

Dr. Henning's chief concern, how- 
ever, as he looks to the future with a 
view of fewer regular responsibilities, 
is to be used by the Lord in any area 
of service open to him. 

In reminiscing about his first years 
of teaching at Bryan, Dr. Henning re- 
members that for the most part basic 
courses were taught, classes were 
small, and the students were usually 
talented and dedicated. Always his 
custom was to begin class with a perti- 
nent verse of Scripture, as well as with 
prayer. Through the years he took the 
students on field trips to the Atomic 
Energy Museum and to the labora- 
tories at Oak Ridge and to the 
Chilhowee Park Zoo in Knoxville; on 
bird hikes to Hiwassee Island and 
Ivan's Pond; and on other hikes to 
Buzzard's Roost, Lone Mountain, 
Laurel Falls, Morgantown Gulch (now 
the Pocket Wilderness), all in the 
vicinity of Dayton and in Rhea 
County, and Little Piney Gorge near 
Spring City and Grassy Cove Cave in 
Cumberland County. 


Harriette Barbour is representative 
of that company of the Lord's esteem- 
ed servants whom God has allowed 
Bryan to include among its friends 
over the years. Born in Chicago to a 
family which had become knowledge- 
ably Christian by being made aware of 
the truth of the Second Coming of 
Christ, she became a strong and 
devoted Christian and spent an inter- 
esting lifetime serving Jesus Christ. 

Her ministry included some ten 
years as a high-school Bible teacher 
and leader of Christian activities in 
Morganton, N.C., and twenty years in 
Singapore as a missionary. In Morgan- 
ton she influenced successive genera- 
tions of high-school young people for 
Jesus Christ, some of whom have gone 
on in full-time ministries themselves. 
In Singapore she had a fascinating life 
of writing, teaching, counseUng, and of 
just being a friend of Asians. Her cir- 
cular missionary letters were without 
doubt the best I have ever seen or 
read. They were excellently written 
and showed that remarkable blending 
of information and inspiration which 
her creative-writing ability enabled her 
to produce. Her total writing output 
was considerable, including three 
books. Forward For Christ and two 
study books on Genesis and Exodus, 
written especially for Asians. 

A woman of gentle Christian spirit, 
intelligent, flexible, generous, hospit- 
able, gifted, congenial, cosmopolitan, 
realistic, and balanced, she had a large 
and devoted circle of personal 
Christian friends. Her report ^ letters 
were replete with the names and 
activities which reflected this unusual 
breadth of personal relationships and 
Christian ministry. Her hope to go 
once more to Singapore for a brief 
stay was unfulfilled; but as one friend 
observed, God had a far better journey 
in -mind for her. On the evening of 
February 1 2, she entered the presence 
of the Lord, whom she loved and had 
served faithfully. 

"A woman that feareth the Lord, 
she shall be praised" (Prov. 31:30b). 

Theodore C. Mercer 

SPRING 1976 


SPOTLIGHTING SPORTS By Jeff Tubbs, Sports Information Director 

Front row, left to right: David Sligh, Mike Hall, Mike Eldridge, Quenton Crabtree, 
Clarence McDowell, and Larry Nicks. Back row: Rudy Wolter, Dan Begley, Mike 
Hathaway, Wes Johnson, Jerry Cline, Dwight Poole, Rob Jones, Don Blanton, Chuck 


The men's basketball team won its 
first Southern Christian Athletic Con- 
ference championship since 1968-69 
with a 75-72 triumph over Lee College 
in the final game of the SCAC tourna- 
ment. Bryan, the regular season con- 
ference champ with a 7-1 record, was 
seeded first in the tourney and de- 
feated Covenant in the semifinal game. 

There were many exciting moments 
during the season. A last-second shot 
by Mike Eldridge gave the Lions a 
58-57 victory over Tennessee Temple 
in late January, the first time Bryan 
had defeated Temple in five years. 
Also defeating Lee College for the first 
time in five years, the Bryan Lions 
beat the Vikings all three times they 
met this year. 

In addition to their SCAC 
championship, the Lions finished with 
an 18-13 won-lost season, the first 
time since 1970-71 that the squad has 
had a winning record. For the first 
time ever, Bryan qualified for a 
National Association of Intercollegiate 
Athletics District 24 play-off berth. 
Lincoln Memorial University beat the 
Lions in the final-round game. Bryan 
also quaUfied for the National Chris- 
tian College Athletic Association play- 
offs in early March. 

Senior Dan Begley, from Hazard, 
Ky., won many honors. In addition to 
being scoring champion of SCAC (22.0 
points per game) and receiving the 
Most Valuable Player of SCAC award, 
he was named to the SCAC all-con- 
ference and all-tournament first teams 
and to the All NAIA District 24. Jerry 
Cline, sophomore, from Mansfield, O., 
led the team in rebounding and scored 
an average of 1 5 points a game. 

Other members of this year's suc- 
cessful squad were Chuck Sanders, 
Hixson; Clarence McDowell, Memphis; 
Dwight Poole, Memphis; Mike Hatha- 


way, Asheville, N.C.; Mike Hall, 
Dayton; Mike Eldridge, Red Bank; 
Wesley Johnson, Chattanooga; Don 
Blanton, Virginia Beach, Va.; Rob 
Jones, Hooper, Colo.; and Quenttn 
Crabtree, Henegar, Ala. 


The women's basketball team 
closed out its season by winning the 
MilUgan College Round Robin Basket- 
ball Tournament on February 27-28. 
The Lionettes beat Cincinnati Bible 
College 68-47, MilUgan 46-35, and 
Atlanta Christian 64-34, to claim the 
first-place trophy. Other highlights of 
the season were beating Covenant 
twice and playing before 1500 fans 
against Tennessee Temple. 

Loretta Spencer, last year's Most 
Valuable Player, from Asheville, N.C., 
led the squad in rebounding, with 11.6 
a game, and in scoring with 10.2 
points an outing. Linda Crabtree, a 
sophomore from Shelbyville, Tenn., 
paced the Lionettes in free-throw 
shooting with 70%. Kathy McRey- 
nolds, Dayton, O., led in assists. The 
other starters were Becky Branham, 
Richmond, Va., and Louise Burt, 
Lima, Peru. 

Other members of the team who 
served as valuable reserves were Jan 
Hawkins, New Orleans, La.; Jenny 
Meznar, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Betsy 
Arnold, Sioux City, la.; Brenda Went- 
worth. New London, Wise; and Sheila 
Dunlap, Clendenin, W. Va. 

This was the first year of a fully 
organized program of women's sports 
at Bryan. The achievements and ex- 
periences of this year provide the basis 
for a good outlook for 1976-77. A 
program of athletics for women com- 
mensurate with the interests of the 
Bryan coeds will definitely be a coij.- 
sideration in the long-range planning 
of the college. 


Although the beautiful we 
which lasted well into Decembei 
way to a January of heavy rain 
freezing temperatures, constructi 
the Rudd Memorial Chapel has 
tinued on a regular basis, perm 
much progress since the last i 
shared in the winter editic 
BRYAN LIFE. Outside walls a 
per cent completed. Large ex 
stairways leading to parking 
behind the auditorium are being 
ed. Inside the gigantic structure, 
plumbing fixtures and electrica 
duits are being installed. Added 
tions make distinguishable new i 
and studio areas. With the com 
spring, construction project ma 
Jim Kelley, says that the buildin 
move ahead very rapidly fron 
point. A tentative completion d 
October is projected at this time. 

Moneys continue to come 
nothing short of "miracle fashii 
the construction of the project ' 
ahead. Architectural fees, plus tl 
of the beautiful spire already in 
bring the basic construction c 
the building itself to $878,000. ( 



nt S785.000 is on hand in cash 
;dges, S50,000 of which is the 
e challenge grant, which will be 
led for at the 5800,000 level. 
God's perfect timing, this has 
provided by Him through num- 
if His faithful children dedicated 
; ministry of Bryan. In addition 
proximately 585,000 yet needed 
e construction cost of the build- 
tself, some $150,000 more is 
pd for basic furnishings and 
'nent. The organ for the chapel 
ncluded in the above cost esti- 
, furnishings for all the music 
s and classrooms, plus pianos for 
nd room, choir room, and bicen- 
1 hall— all these needs represent 
rial opportunities. For complete 
lation concerning the available 
rial opportunities, write to Dr. 
i. Bartlett, vice president. 

The Bicentennial Committee is shown in a recent meeting in the Hayden Lounge. 
Seen in the front row, left to right are Miss Rebecca Peck, alumni executive 
secretary: Miss Rachel Ross, assistant professor of speech: Miss Virginia Segiiine, 
director of library services: and Miss Ruth Kantzer. associate professor of English. In 
the hack row are three students-Lee Samples, George McLawhon. and Steve G. 
Jolmson: Committee Chairman William L. Ketchersid, associate professor of history: 
and Dr. Robert Spoede. associate professor of history. 

Members not in the picture are Ken Baker, Gary Criswell, Gary Franklin, and 
Becky Spoede, students,: Mr. L. Donald Hill, assistant professor of education: and Dr. 
T. C. Mercer, president of the college. 

e four pictures below show 
of construction progress on 
Chapel, a progress as of press 
. hich saw all exterior walls up to 
eight and the building under 


The National American Revolution 
Bicentennial Administration has em- 
phasized three aspects for bicentennial 
program planning; Heritage, Festival 
USA, and Horizons. The first is a cele- 
bration of the past, the second focuses 
on the present, and the third looks to 
the future. 

Rhea County received its official 
designation as a bicentennial commu- 
nity last fall, and it is expected that 
Bryan will be declared a bicentennial 
campus this spring. Such designations 
are given on the basis of meeting 
definite criteria of planning and pro- 
gram execution. 

The Bicentennial Year was inaugu- 
rated at Bryan on April 18, 1975, with 
a special convocation on the eve of the 
anniversary of the battles at Lexington 
and Concord. That initial program was 
one of word and music and included 
the presentation of an American flag 
by the local American Legion post. 
Practically all college organizations are 

participating in one way or another in 
carrying out the bicentennial theme on 

Representative of the continuing 
activities are such programs as the 
national Bicentennial Youth Debates 
in which Bryan students participated 
last fall; a series of three films pro- 
duced and distributed by the Colonial 
Wilhamsburg Foundation of Williams- 
burg, Va., and shown during the first 
semester; and the music department 
emphasis in both repertoire and 
costumes for the Concert Choir and 
Madrigals in programs which they 
shared at the president's reception 
early last fall, at the Singing Christmas 
Tree concert in Chattanooga, in their 
spring tour concert, and in the variety 
show on campus. 

A lasting reminder of the anniver- 
sary theme will be estabhshed by the 
assembUng of books on American his- 
tory and culture for the Ironside Mem- 
orial Library at Bryan. 

'RING 1976 


Editorial Office, William Jennings 
Bryan College, Dayton, Tennessee 
37321. Publishing Office, Cross 
Roads Publications, Inc., 2110 
Silver Hill Road, Stone Mountain, 
Georgia 30083, 404/939-6507. 

Dr. Theodore C. Mercer, 


Robert C. Hill, EDITOR 

John Weyant, MANAGING 


Shirley Holmes, CIRCULATION 


Steve Lester, ART DIRECTOR 

Consulting Editors: Dr. John 
Bartlett, Larry Levenger, Rebecca 
Peck and Charles Robinson. 

BRYAN LIFE is published four 
times annually by William Jen- 
nings Bryan College, Dayton, Ten- 
nessee. Produced and printed by 
Cross Roads Publications. Second 
class postage paid at Dayton, Ten- 
nessee, and other points. 

Copyright 1976 


William Jennings Bryan College 

Dayton, Tennessee 



President and Mrs. Theodore 
C. Mercer cut the anniversary 
cake at the Appreciation Day din- 
ner held in their honor in the 
Bryan dining hall. 

(Photo by Cunnyngham Studio, 
Dayton, Tenn.) 


Larry Efird, president of the 
1976-77 student body carrying 
the American flag, and Dr. Robert 
W. Spoede, professor of history 
and social sciences carrying the 
Bicentennial flag, lead the pro- 
cession at the outdoor commence- 
ment exercises on May 3. 

(Photo by Larry Levenger) 


Volume I 

Summer 1976 

Number 4 

tractor explains the extension of his witness for Christ through the work of 
the Gideons. By R. Don Efird. 

WHAT NEXT?: The Christian's comfort in these last days is the soon return 4 
of Jesus Christ. By Donald K. Campbell. 

manuscripts establishing the historical validity of the Bible than any other 
book of antiquity. By Stephen J. Strauss 

HOW TO GET THINGS DONE: A Biblical outline given as advice to the Class 7 
of '76 meets a need for every Christian. By Dr. Richard Strauss. 

RUDD CHAPEL PROGRESS: An updated construction and financial report. 9 
By John B. Bartlett. 

CAMPUS REVIEW: A bird's-eye view of campus activities, faculty 10 
happenings, and news of interest. 

MERCER APPRECIATION DAY: God has prospered Bryan these past 12 
twenty years under the administrative leadership of Dr. Mercer. 

HONORIS CAUSA: A listing of awards for academic excellence and special 13 
recognition for service rendered. 

A YEAR TO REMEMBER JN ATHLETICS: Highlights of outstanding 15 
achievements in athletics at Bryan. By Jeff Tubbs. 


Alice and I were quite overwhelmed 

by all the happy attention we received on 

the occasion of celebrating our twenty 

years at Bryan. We are keenly aware that 

whatever has been accomplished during 

our years here is a result of God's mercy 

and goodness. We are just as keenly aware 

that the improvement of Bryan has come 

about because of a team effort involving many people over the years— many at 

Bryan, many not at Bryan, and many others who are now in heaven. "To God be 

the glory, Great things He hath done." 

Bryan needs its friends as never before as the increasing darkness of the end of 
the age settles over the world. Never before was there such a need to reach young 
people for Jesus Christ, not only in that initial commitment of conversion but also 
in that on-going development and inner change, the occurrence of which alone will 
make true for any of us our Saviour's teaching "Ye are the salt of the earth." 

Theodore C. Mercer 


Involvement in the Gideon Ministry 

R. Don Efird 

Mr. Efiid, a graduate of Wake 
Forest College, is a residential 
louilding contractor and insurance 
underwriter in Kannapolis, North 
jCarolina. He is a ruling elder of 
!the First Presbyterian Church of 
|that city and a Sunday school 
Iteacher; for twelve years he served 
lis church troop Scoutmaster. Mr. 
Iind Mrs. Efird are the parents of 
five sons and two daughters. 

In his community outreach he 
serves on the board of directors of 
lumerous organizations— Boys' 
^lub, Salvation Army, United 
Vay, and Half-Way House (chair- 
nan), in his county; and at the 
itate level, the North Carolina 
rhristian Action League and 
"^orth Carolina Council of Boy 
icouts of America. He is presi- 
lent of Kannapolis Merchants' 
Association and a Rotarian. He 
ias received numerous awards in 
;ecognition of his community 

His Gideon activity began 
iwenty-one years ago. Currently 
serving as International Vice Presi- 
jlent, he is past state president, 
Hce president, and secretary of 
j^Jorth Carolina Gideons and for 
iix years was a member of the In- 
ernational Extension Committee. 
.n this latter position he had the 
'Wersight of Gideon work in the 
British Isles, Bermuda, and several 
countries of Africa. 

Since 1969 he has been a 
nember of the Bryan Board of 
frustees, on which he serves as 
:hairman of the strategic build- 
ngs and grounds committee, 
vhich has the responsibility for 
>olicy and planning in the area of 
|)hysical facilities. 


On May 16, 1976, Israel became the 110th nation into which the Gideon ministry has 
been extended. Chad had been added in April 1976. With the dropping of Laos, Cam- 
bodia, Angola, and South Vietnam, the Gideon membership of over 50,000 men repre- 
sents 106 countries. Additionally there are more than 25,000 members of the Auxihary 
(wives of Gideons). Since 1908, when the first parcel of Bibles was handed to a hotel 
manager in Montana, over 160 million Scriptures have been distributed in these countries 
in 43 languages. The international headquarters office of the Gideons is in Nashville, 
Tennessee. M. A. Henderson is executive director. 


A Christian Business and Professional Men's Association 

• (615) 883-8533 

R. Don Etird 

407 Iris Avenue 

Kannapolis, North Carolina 28081 


The purpose of the Gideons is singular, and that is the winning of the lost to our 
Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ. There was a time in my life when this did not concern me, 
but things began to happen which made me keenly aware of my own spiritual need. I 
began to seek God's priorities for my life and where I could best serve Him; then 
opportunity after opportunity began to present itself. Although I was actively involved in 
my church, and still am, I began to sense a tremendous need to be used as a witness for 
Christ to those outside the church. The Gideon ministry became to me that avenue by 
which my outreach for Christ could be multiplied. 

I found in the Gideon ministry a group of Christian men who come from practically 
every evangelical denomination, men who love the Lord and are dedicated to presenting 
Christ to men, women, boys and girls through personal witnessing and distribution of 
God's Word in strategic "traffic lanes of life." 

In just seventy-seven years, God has raised up from 106 countries 52,000 men, who 
have contributed and raised funds to distribute freely 160 million copies of the Word of 
God. There is a continuous search for truth and peace by mankind with an increasing 
thirst for the Holy Scriptures. This results in many open doors for the placing of God's 
Word, with great excitement and acceptance wherever and whenever Gideons place the 
Scriptures in hotels, motels, prisons, schools, hospitals, colleges, military installations, and 
other areas as God leads. 

One of the most meaningful aspects of the Gideon ministry to me, other than the 
winning of the lost to Christ, is the anonymity of the organization. The membership seeks 
to glorify God by acknowledging this as His ministry and not that of man and claims His 
promise to honor His Word above all else. Upon observing the many accounts of how God 
has changed lives because of the presence of His Holy Word at the appropriate time and 
place, one realizes, with much reverence and awe, how only the mighty and moving 
power of God could execute such miracles. "For of Him, and through Him, and to Him, 
are all things: to whom be glory forever" (Romans 1 1:36). 

/ff'iZl^ ^^^ 


l^esident — David L. Hofer, Dinuba, California 
Vice President— R. Don Efird. Kannapolis. North Carolina 
Treasurer — W. David Luikaoj-l. Grand Rapids, Michigan 
Chaplain — P. /. Zondervan, Boca Raton, Florida 
Executive Director — M. A. Henderson. Nashville. Tennessee 


Duane N. Sandberg. Eugene, Oregon 

Paul. W Bue^ler. New Brighton, Minnesota 

]. S. Benton. Newton, Kansas 

B. Don Johnson, Carnegie. Oklahoma 

Robert L. Smith. Waterloo. Inwa 

W. R. Davenport, Campbetlsuille, Kentucky 
George B. Jones. Memphis, Tennessee 
John E. Johnson, Watkins Gkn. N.Y. 
Earl L. Moss. Camp Springs, Maryland 
Charles R. Bradlord, Decatur. Georgia 



■^UMMER 1976 

What Next? 

by Dr. Donald K.Cambell 

Our generation is unnerved in the 
face of many signs seeming to indicate 
the nearness of worldwide catastrophe. 
People are asking, "What next?" Nu- 
clear weaponry poses a great problem 
among the nations of the world. Not 
only the great powers but many other 
nations as well are developing nuclear 
capacity, and the threat of an out- 
break of nuclear war is a terrible 
thouglit to contemplate. Since the 
world population has now reached 
four billion, the problem of over- 
population is a grievous one. Humanly 
speaking, it appears that in just a few 
years the world will not be able to 
feed its population and milhons of 
people will face death by starvation. 
Other problems— such as worldwide 
pollution, increasing lawlessness, and 
immorality-point to the fact that 
time seems to be running out for our 

In such a context God's people are 
answering the question "What next?" 
by turning to the Scriptures for reas- 
surance regarding the next event in 
God's program. That event, we believe, 
is the coming of Christ for the church, 
an event which may take place at any 
moment. Recently I was in Louisiana 
for a Bible conference and met a fine 
Christian layman who works in an 
industrial plant. He had a bumper 
sticker on his car with the word 
"Maranatha" printed on it. A fellow 
worker asked him what that meant. 
Art replied, "The Lord is coming!" 
The man said, "I don't believe that!" 
Art rephed, "Well, He's not coming for 
you!" Now that may have been a 
pretty blunt way to express the truth 
about the Lord's coming, but it cer- 
tainly provoked the thinking of the 
unsaved friend. 

We must face the fact that there is 
a great deal of confusion abroad re- 
garding the truth of the Lord's 
coming. Some years ago an annual 
meeting of pastors from all denomina- 
tions was held in Ohio and was called 
the Ohio Pastors' Convention. One 
year the group was asked the question, 
"When do you think Jesus Christ will 
return?" The answers of these pastors 
were as follows; 

1. "Jesus is here now." 

2. "His coming is far distant." 

3. "He returns when one accepts 

4. "He returns in movements for 
world betterment." 

5. "He is here now although no 
one has discovered Him. When 
they do. He will be as popular 
as Babe Ruth." 

6. "He will return when the earth 
is without sin." 

That these concepts are all false is 
quickly revealed by attention to the 
Word of God. Dr. Andrew Bonar told 
the story of the Scottish man who late 
in life learned the truth of the second 
coming of Christ. It revolutionized his 
life. One Sunday he took a trip into 
the city of Edinburgh with the 
intention of visiting some of the larger 
churches, hoping there to learn more 
about his new-found truth. When he 
returned to his village, the people 
asked him how he liked the Edinburgh 
preachers. He replied, "They all fly on 
one wing. They all preach the first 
coming of Christ but do not mention 
His second coming." It is difficult to 
understand how so prominent a New 
Testament doctrine could be missed, 
the doctrine which provides wonderful 
hope for God's people in the 
darkening days of this age. 

In the upper room, Jesus Christ 
made a simple promise to His 
disciples: "Let not your heart be 
troubled; ye believe in God, believe 
also in me. In my Father's house are 
many mansions; if it were not so, I 
would have told you. I go to prepare a 
place for you. And if I go and prepare 
a place for you, I will come again and 
receive you unto myself, that where I 
am, there ye may be also" (John 
14:1-3). The fact, therefore, of the 
Lord's coming for His own is revealed 
in John 14, but the details of His 
coming for the church are revealed in I 
Thessalonians 4: 13-18. Let us examine 
this passage. 


Paul states in I Thessalonians 4: 13, 
"But I would not have you to be 
ignorant, brethren, concerning them 
who are asleep, that ye sorrow not, 
even as others who have no hope." 
Paul's great purpose in writing on this 
theme was to set before the 
Thessalonian Christians the fact that 
the Christian faith gives us great hope 

when our loved ones in Christ are 
taken in death. This was in greal 
contrast to the heathen religions which 
offered no such hope. Within receni 
years an inscription was discovered ir 
a cemetery in Thessalonica. Thf 
epitaph read, "After death no reviving 
after the grave no meeting again.' 
How tragic if that were true! But thi 
Scriptures assure us that we will bti 
reunited with our loved ones in Chris|| 
who have gone on before us. 

Now the special concern of thi 
Thessalonian Christians was for thei 
loved ones who had died. Did thi 
promise of John 14 mean that thi 
rapture was for living saints only? Wa 
it an event that their departed lovei 
ones would miss out on altogether 
Paul in this passage answers thos^ 
questions clearly by showing that thi 
events of the rapture would begin witj 
the dead in Christ but would als 
include the living in Christ. 


In verse 14 Paul writes, "For if wt 
believe that Jesus died and rose again! 
even so them also who sleep in Jesuj 
will God bring with Him." The majo 
concern of the Thessalonians seeme 
to be for their loved ones who ha( 
died in Christ. Paul now explains thi 
provision for the dead in Christ at th 
time of the Lord's return for th 
church. He emphasized that th 
coming of Christ for His own is just a 
certain as His death and resurrectior 
These great events, though separate! 
by many centuries of time, ar 
nonetheless very closely related; an 
we are assured that the Lord's comin 
for His own is just as certain as tli 
events which secured for us on 
salvation. Not only did Jesus die bu. 
He rose again, a fact that i 
emphasized in this passage; because i 
He had not risen from the dead, H 
would not be coming again. Just a; 
surely therefore as He died and ros| 
again, just so surely is He comini 
again, bringing with Him those whi 
"sleep in Jesus." 

This is not a reference to the slee 
of the soul but the sleep of the bod; 
At death the body of the believsj 
sleeps in the grave, but our souls an| 
spirits go immediately into till 

BRYAN LiFiiil' 

presence of Christ. Thus we are 
"absent from the body" and "present 
with the Lord" (2 Corinthians 5:8). 
Thus Paul said that it was better for us 
to depart and be with Christ 
[Philippians 1:23). Thus Christ assured 
the thief on the cross that he would be 
with Him in Paradise on the very day 
of his death. This, then, is proof 
positive that our loved ones who have 
died in the Lord are in heaven now 
and that when Jesus returns He will 
bring their souls along with Him so 
that they may be reunited with their 
bodies in which they meet the Lord in 
the air and go to be with Him forever. 

A busy Christian physician died 
and friends openly expressed their 
fears for his fragile wife. When they 
:alled on her in the home they knew 
that everything was going to be all 
right. She had taken the sign which the 
ioctor had used in his office and 
placed it in a very prominent place on 
the mantle. The sign read, "Gone out- 
back soon." That is our hope! 

An attorney friend of mine from a 
learby city brought an unsaved friend 

a Dallas meeting where the speaker 
alked about the rapture. After the 
ervice as they were returning to their 
lomes, the unsaved friend said, "This 
apture thing-I don't like it. It turns 
ne off!" The attorney said, "Well, if 
hey have it anyway do you want to 
;o or do you want to stay?" 
TioughtfuUy the man said, "I think I 
vant to go." When they arrived at the 
nsaved man's home, the conversation 
ontinued on the subject of the gospel, 
'inally he stood to his feet and said, 

1 think this interview has come to an 
nd." Turning to his wife he said. 
Have you ever had this experience?" 
Yes" she replied. "Then why didn't 
ou tell me about it?" She said, "I did, 
ut you wouldn't listen." He sat down 
1 tears and received Jesus Christ as his 
avior. Now, he loves the truth of the 
oming of Christ. This is a truth that 
lould thrill the heart of every believer 
specially in these momentous days. 
re you ready for His coming? 


The question on the minds of the 
[elievers in Thessalonica was whether 
le believers who had departed from 
lis life would be at some disadvantage 
1 comparison with those still living on 
le earth. In verse 15, Paul urges the 
■aders to dismiss their fears and 
?solutely confirms that, at the 
3ming of Christ, one group of 
;lievers will not have an advantage 
■ er another. Absolute impartiality 

will be shown. What will be the order 
of events on that great day? Verses 16 
and 1 7 indicate that three great events 
will occur. 

1. The revelation of Christ. "For 
the Lord Himself will descend from 
heaven with a shout, with a voice of 
the archangel, and with the trump of 
God" (verse 16a). The coming of 
Christ will be visible and audible in ful- 
fillment of the words of the angel to 
the disciples at the time of His 
ascension, "This same Jesus, who was 
taken up from you into heaven, shall 
so come in like manner as you have 
seen Him go into heaven" (Acts 1:11). 
His approach will be heralded by a 
"shout," "the voice of the archangel" 
and "the trump of God." The shout is 
an authoritative utterance, a shout of 
command. The word is sometimes 
used for the military officer's shout to 
his followers in battle. As John wrote, 
"The hour is coming in which all that 
are in the grave shall hear His voice, 
and shall come forth" (John 
5:28-29a). We are not told what the 
Lord will say. Perhaps the shout will 
be the single word "Come." We 
remember that Jesus stood before the 
tomb of Lazarus and said, "Lazarus, 
come forth!" John, on the Island of 
Patmos, saw heaven open and heard a 
voice say, "Come up here" (Revelation 
4:1). Or perhaps the Lord will call in 
the words of the bridegroom to the 
bride in the Song of Solomon, "Rise 
up, my love, my fair one, and come 

There seems to be in this passage a 
clear analogy with Jewish marriage 
customs; for when the groom left his 
father's house, he would conduct a 
torchlight procession to the home of 
the bride. She did not know the exact 
time of his coming, and it was 
customary for the groom's arrival to 
be preceded by a shout. This shout 
would alert the bride to be prepared 
for the coming of her bridegroom. As 
a believer in Jesus Christ, as a member 
of His church and part of His bride, 
are you listening for His shout? It may 
come soon. 

2. The resurrection of the dead in 
Christ. "And the dead in Christ shall 
rise first" (verse 16b). The 
Thessalonians had been agitated with 
the thought that possibly departed 
believers would have no place in the 
events at the coming of Christ. To the 
contrary, Paul states that they will be 
very prominent and will indeed be 
raised first. It is well to remember that 
this wiU be a selective process and will 
affect only those who in their natural 
lifetime trusted Christ as Savior. If 
perchance you might be standing in a 
cemetery on the day of Christ's 

coming, you would see graves opening, 
one here and one there, and redeemed 
souls being reunited with redeemed 
bodies to go to meet Christ in the air. 

3. Reception of the living in 
Christ. Paul finally states, "We who are 
alive and remain shall be caught up to- 
together with them in the clouds to 
meet the Lord in the air; so shall we 
ever be with the Lord" (verse 17). Paul 
certainly beheved in the imminent 
return of Christ and contemplated the 
fact that possibly he and other first- 
century believers would live to see the 
return of Christ. Although that was 
not to be, the imminent return of 
Jesus Christ for His own continues to 
be the blessed hope of the believer. 
Caught up, or raptured, together with 
those who have been raised, we shall 
meet the Lord in the air. Where will 
we go? Some suggest that we will 
return immediately to the earth, but 
according to John 14 that is not to be 
the case. We will go with Christ to our 
heavenly home and there remain with 
Him while the tribulation judgments 
unfold on the earth. WUl we recognize 
our loved ones on that great day? It 
seems to me that the expression 
"together with them" clearly implies 
both reunion and recognition. What a 
wonderful time that will be for 
Christians who have been separated by 
death! Now families and friends are re- 
united never to be separated again. We 
shall be forever with the Lord. 

Paul concludes, "Wherefore, 
comfort one another with these 
words" (verse 18). Since Paul has 
made it clear that those who fell asleep 
in Christ are not at a disadvantage as 
compared with those who live until 
the coming of Christ, there is every 
reason for comfort or encouragement. 
Furthermore, the prospect of Christ's 
coming for believers before the world 
is ushered into a period of tribulation, 
the assurance of reunion with loved 
ones, and the anticipation of seeing 
Christ— all together provide a solid 
basis for this final exhortation. 

Dr. Donald K. 
Campbell is 
academic dean and 
professor of Bible 
exposition at Dallas 
Theological Semi- 
nary, Texas. He was 
graduated with 
highest honors from Wheaton College and 
with high honors from Dallas Seminary. His 
book reviews and articles appear frequently 
in evangelical journals. He has traveled 
widely abroad, especially in Bible lands. In 
-April, when he \isited the campus for a 
thiee-day conference on Bible prophecy, he 
delivered the message printed here. 


by Stephen J. Strauss 

Dr. Richard Strauss, left, and his son 
Steve were participants at the 43rd 
commencement, at which Dr. Strauss 
was the speaker and Steve was an 
honor graduate. Steve's article was 
written as a paper for a senior Bible 

Steve Strauss 

Steve Strauss was an early ad- 
mission student at Bryan in 1972 
after three years at Grissom High 
School, Huntsville, Ala. He graduated 
summa cum laude from Bryan in 
May, 1976, as number one in his class 
of 126, with a straight "A" average 
for four years. He was the winner of 
more honors than any other class 

In the area of student activity, 
Steve served as president of the 
Qiristian service organization, PCI; 
he traveled one summer with the 
Gospel Messengers; he personally 
participated aU four years in gospel 
team work; and he represented the 
student body at the International 
Congress on World Evangelism in 
Lausanne, Switzerland, in July, 1974. 
Steve's other extra-curricular activi- 
ties included membership in the 
band, the choir, the soccer team, and 
the dean's council. 

The son of Dr. and Mrs. Richard 
Strauss, Escondido, Calif., and the 
grandson of Dr. and Mrs. Lehman 
Strauss (Dr. Strauss is a widely 
known author, evangelist, and Bible 
teacher), Steve this fall is entering 
Dallas Seminary, which his father 
also attended. 

Society today has accepted a basic 
principle that there is nothing that re- 
mains true from one generation to the 
next. Instead modern man believes 
that what is true and right for one situ- 
ation may not be correct for a similar 
situation at a different time. To make 
such claims a man must first assume 
that if there is a God, He has not re- 
vealed Himself to mankind in spoken 
or written words, for God and His 
Word must be absolute for all time. It 
is impossible for man to include an ab- 
solute God in his relative world. Be- 
cause any word from God must be ab- 
solute for all time, the man who be- 
lieves that there are no absolute princi- 
ples quickly concludes that he cannot 
trust anything as God's Word. If an 
evangelical Christian happens to men- 
tion that he believes that the Bible is 
God's Word, he is usually laughed at 
as a "fanatic." What assurances are 
there that the Bible is God's Word? 
What can be said in the face of a hu- 
manistic world that sees the Bible as 
just a good piece of ancient literature? 
What can be learned from the Bible by 
approaching it historically? 

First of all, it must be pointed out 
that few historians view the literary 
record of a historical event as proof of 
"fact" anymore. This is due to the fact 
that they realize that one can never be 
sure whether a record of a past event 
was written as fact or as fantasy and 
that they can never gather all the po- 
tential data to test the truthfulness of 
a past record. Therefore modern his- 
torians view all past documents with 
skepticism. Many references must be 
compared before a source is even con- 
sidered as a possible fact. For every bit 
of evidence collected from that point 
on, the source becomes either more or 
less "fact-like." One can never be sure 
he has checked all available sources; so 
one can never be sure he has found a 
"fact." Historians also realize that all 
men that collect data to use in writing 
history are usually tainted with some 
bias about their topics. Since all 
writers have their biases, the historian 
can never be sure just how objective a 
work is. 

In examining the historicity of the 
Bible, therefore, one must look for 
two basic things. First, he must 
examine all available manuscripts of 
the text to see how they compare with 
one another and with other ancient 

documents. Second, he must attem 
to examine these manuscripts from 
unbiased viewpoint and with as f( 
presuppositions as possible. The rest 
of these studies should enable one' 
come close to asserting how much 
can trust the Bible as a historii 

In examining the ancient text: 
the New Testament and compai 
their great numbers with the num 
of manuscripts available of ot 
works of antiquity, one quickly fi 
that there is more cause for accept 
the New Testament as an adequate 
torical work than any other piece 
ancient literature. The Christian '. 
torian John Warwick Montgomery 
said that "to be skeptical of the re 
tant text of the New Testament bo 
is to allow all of classical antiquity 
slip into obscurity, for no docume 
of the ancient period are as well 
tested bibliographically as the > 
Testament" (History and Christian 
p. 29). All one needs to do is to h 
at the figures to see just how ri 
Montgomery is. Today there are ne; 
5,000 partial or complete manuscr 
of the New Testament in Greek, h 
of these were copied within 500 y 
of the writing of the original bibl 
text. The most complete early tex 
Sinaiticus, Vaticanus, and Ale; 
drinus—were all copies before 450/lf 
The oldest fragment of the New Te 
ment that is available is the J| 
Ryland Manuscript, dated near 
A.D. and providing strong evide 
that the New Testament was pennei 
the first century. Compared to tlj 
outstanding figures are those of i 
ancient classics. For example, 
greatest number of available copiei 
any of Aristotle's works is five, 
the earliest copy was done aroJ 
1100 A.D., a fact which makes 
time between the writing of the o 
nal and the copy about 1,400 yej 
There are only ten copies of Caesj 
Gallic Wars, the earhest being mj! 
around 900 A.D., about 1,000 y. 
after the original was written. 01|l 
the works of Plato, there are now ( 
seven copies, the earliest copied in 
A.D. or nearly 1,000 years after 
wrote his originals. The list coulcl 
on and on (based on Josh McDovii 
Evidence That Demands a Verdicif 
48). The evangelical Christian can 
say with scholar F. F. Bruce, "The 


body of ancient literature in the 
odd which enjoys such a wealth of 
)od textual attestation as the New 
sstament" (The Books and the Parch- 
ents, p. 178). When these early 
reek manuscripts are considered with 
le many Latin, Syriac, and Coptic 
Tsions of the ancient world, the secu- 
r history must rank the Bible as the 
ost accurate historical record of the 
icient world (Cyrus H. Gordon, The 
ncient Near East). 

Examination of the great numbers, 
; curacy, and preservation of the 
icient biblical manuscripts is not the 
ily test for the Bible's reliability, 
ny historian of ancient history will 
test to the importance of the exami- 
ition of archaeology to make sure all 
s written sources are accurate. Nel- 
n Glueck, one of the three most re- 
)wned archaeologists in the world, a 
w and no friend to biblical Chris- 
mity, has said, "It may be stated 
tegorically that no archaeological 
scovery has controverted a biblical 
ference" (Rivers in the Desert: His- 
ry of Negeb, p. 31). Just two of the 
ore famous examples of archaeology 
oving the Bible right in unusual situ- 
ions include the discovery of the Hit- 
:e civilization, referred to in the 
ble but disbelieved by scholars until 
e ruins were dug up, and the excava- 
)ns of Jericho which show that, con- 
iry to the nature of ancient siege 
irfare, the walls fell outward as 
ited in the Bible. Many historians of 

ancient history before beginning in- 
vestigation on their subjects now 
check what the Bible has to say, for 
they are discovering with much pain 
that it has historical validity. 

Besides having the historicity of 
the manuscripts and the verification of 
archaeology to prove the accuracy of 
the Scriptures, we have the word of 
ancient writers, showing that they re- 
spected the Bible as an accurate his- 
torical record. In Against Heresies III, 
Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyons in 180 
A.D., states, "So firm is the ground 
upon which these Gospels rest, that 
the very heretics themselves bear wit- 
ness to them, and, starting from these, 
each one of them endeavours to estab- 
lish his own particular doctrine." Cle- 
ment of Rome in 95 a.d. referred to 
the Scriptures as "reliable." Perhaps 
the most famous historian of the first 
century was Flavius Josephus. In his 
works he makes several references to 
John the Baptist and Jesus, a fact 
which confirms the Biblical record 
(based on McDowell, Evidence, p. 67). 
Although many ancient historians con- 
demn the early Christians for being un- 
patriotic (for refusing to serve in the 
Roman army) and atheists (for wor- 
shipping the only one God instead of 
the many thousands the Roman states 
required a citizen to pay homage to), 
none has condemned their Scriptures. 
They all look upon them as histori- 
cally accurate. 

Modern man must recognize that 
the Bible ranks as first-rate history and 
is considered as such by most his- 
torians. Today's world, however, has 
abandoned the concept of absolutes, 
and so most men refuse to accept the 
absolute demands that the Bible makes 
on their lives. In the past, men justi- 
fied this rejection of the Bible because 
it was only a "fairy tale." Now that 
the Bible is being proved historically 
accurate, the world has turned to 
accepting its historical references with 
great reservation and rejecting the 
claims it makes on the lives of in- 
dividuals. Anyone that does this, how- 
ever, is letting his preconceived biases 
affect his opinion of the Bible. The 
Bible's historical validity demands that 
its readers study it objectively. 

Modern man is left with a huge 
dilemma. This Bible that has proved 
itself so accurate requires that he com- 
pletely turn his life over to an unseen 
God, an action which runs contrary to 
his way of thinking. He reasons, "Even 
if all these historical references are 
true, how can I be sure? I don't want 
to take a blind leap of faith." The 
Bible's answer is that the faith it re- 
quires is not blind. It is based on the 
solid evidence of its historical validity. 
In this age of no absolutes, man is re- 
luctant to trust anything. Although he 
may scoff at the Bible, its historical 
accuracy demands that every indivi- 
dual seriously consider its claims on 
his life. 

HOW TO GET THINGS DONE by Dr. Richard Strauss 

"How to Get Things Done" was 
e topic of the commencement ad- 
ess given on May 3 by Dr. Richard 
rauss, senior pastor of Emmanuel 
ith Community Church, Escondido, 

By way of introducing his subject, 
". Strauss stated: "When a company 
mufactures a product, it usually 
^blishes a manual describing how to 
lerate and maintain its product. We 
jve such a book," he continued, 
wd made us, and He published a 
mufacturer's manual to tell us how 
operate most efficiently. It is called 
; Bible. This book tells us how to 
': things done. What is it you want 

Following in outline form are 
ee scriptural principles he cited: 

Do it heartily. Colossians 3:23 
states, "And whatsoever ye do, do 
it heartily, as to the Lord, and not 
unto men." The words "do it 
heartily" literally mean "from the 
soul." Don't do it haphazardly or 
half-heartedly. Put yourself into it. 

)MMER 1976 

A. Know the importance of goals. 
Paul had goals. He said in Phil. 
3: 14, "I press toward the mark 
(goal)." The goal was stated in 
verses 9 and 10. 

B. Know the importance of plans. 
"To fail to plan is to plan to 
fail." Formulate your plan for 
reaching your goal. 

C. Know the importance of dis- 
cipline. Discipline keeps the 
eye focused on the goal. Ac- 
cording to Paul in Phil. 
3: 13,14, discipline 

1. puts aside things which 
keep us from fulfilling our 

2. evaluates the progress and 
alters the plan as needed, 

3. does not eliminate all the 

II. Do it happUy. Phil. 2:14 ad- 
monishes, "Do all things vwthout 
murmurings and disputings," 
literally "without grumbling and 

A. One of the best ways to fail is 
to become a complainer. Not 
only wUl you fail to accom- 
plish anything significant your- 
self, but also you may keep 
others from accomplishing 
anything either. 

B. SmUe! Whistle! Sing! Happi- 
ness is contagious. If what you 
are doing is so much fun, 
others will want to get in on it 

III. Do it for the glory of God, "as to 

the Lord, and not unto men" (Col 

A. One must first enjoy a personal 
relationship with Him in order 
to glorify Him. 

B. When anyone acknowledges his 
need of Christ and yields to 
Him as Savior from sin. He 
comes into that life, gives it 
new purpose-to glorify Him. 

C. Accomplishments done for the 
purpose of glorifying God are 
eminently successful and ex- 
tremely satisfying. 


Dr. and Mrs. Ian Hav 

Speaking at the May 2 baccalau- 
reate service, tlie Rev. Ian M. Hay '50 
addressed Bryan's class of 1976 on the 
subject "The Kind of People God 

This Bryan alumnus, who is vice 
president of the Bryan College Board 
of Trustees and the general director of 
the Sudan Interior Mission, developed 
his theme by showing that God uses 
people who do His will. The challenge 
to earnestly seek God's will in ord^ to 
be used of Him and to achieve His 
highest purpose constituted the ad- 
monition to the graduates as they face 
their life's work ahead. 

At the conclusion of the service in 
a surprise announcement, the honor- 
ary degree of doctor of divinity was 
conferred upon Mr. Hay. In presenting 
him for the degree, Dr. Brian 
Richardson, chairman of the faculty 
for 1975-76, stated that an honorary 
degree is intended to recognize and 
call public attention to merit which 
the recipient rightfully deserves and al- 
ready possesses by virtue of his charac- 
ter, attainments, and service and that 
the faculty join heartily in this recog- 
nition. After President Mercer con- 
ferred the degree and presented Dr. 
Hay his diploma. Dr. John B. Bartlett, 

vice president and academic dean, in- 
vested him with the scarlet and gold 
doctoral hood. 

As the son of missionary parents 
Dr. Hay grew up in Africa and with hii 
wife joined Sudan Interior Mission ir 
1951 to return after his education ir 
America to the field of Nigeria. Fron. 
the ranks as a missionary and teacher 
he was given responsibility successively 
as field secretary for West Africa ir 
1958, director of North America ir 
1965, deputy general director in 1971 
until November 1975, when he wa: 
elected to the highest office, that o: 
general director, in his mission. 

Mrs. Hay is also a graduate o 
Bryan College in the class of 1951 ; anc 
their daughter, Brenda Hay Kelly, anc 
her husband, Larry, join the roll o 
Bryan alumni as members of the c'as 
of 1976. The Hay's son, Bobby, wa 
also present for the occasion. 

This baccalaureate service hac 
special significance in the initial use ol 
the Rudd Memorial Chapel, which 
though not completed, was made 
serviceable by the provision of over ; 
thousand folding chairs to accommo 
date a capacity crowd. 

Twenty-six students exhibited 
more than eighty works of art in 
Bryan's third annual student art show 
in the third-floor reading room of the 
administration building April 18 
through May 2. 

The exhibition was judged by Miss 
Ruth Kantzer, associate professor of 
English. The following named students 
won awards in their respective divi- 


Susan Shields 
Kettering, Ohio 
Dawn Moore 
Wichita, Kansas 
linda Ovensen 
New HoUand, Pa. 
Carol Brooks 
Mt. Qemens, Mich. 

Susan Schmid 
Penns Grove, NJ. 

Linda Pedde 
StevensviUe, Mich. 
Beth Davies 
Jackson, Miss. 
Louise Burt 
Lima, Peru 


1st & 2nd 





1st, 2nd, 3rd 



UHIM AKl snuvY ■ 


linda Liebig 


Dayton, Tenn. 

Linda Rowland 


Hutchinson, Kansas 

David Marshall 


Savannah, Ga. 

Linda Liebig 



Linda Rowland 



Two students were awarded in- 
centive scholarships for having 
secured from family and friends the 
highest number of contributions for 
auditorium chairs at S50 each in 
the new Rudd Chapel. The students 
are David Moniz, of Smith's Parish, 
Bermuda, who received first prize 
of $250 for the contribution of 35 
chairs, and Vickey Hudson, of 
Dayton, Tenn., who received sec- 
ond prize of $100 for 11 chairs. 
The scholarships were provided by 
the Chattanooga chapter of the ^ 
Bryan Alumni Association. 

Linda Pedde 



Alumni Banquet 

Saturday, October 2, 7:00 p.m. 

Bicentennial Hall 

Rudd Memorial Chapel 



"Have you noticed the chapel as 
you drive north on the bypass? It cer- 
tainly is a beautiful sight!" We hear 
this comment daily from townspeople 
and visitors and from friends who, 
coming to the campus for the first 
time, spot the chapel in the distance as 
they are approaching town from the 
south. The three streamlined Gothic 
arches make the facade of the Rudd 
Memorial Chapel a striking picture. 

Although the completion date 
given by the Equitable Church 
Builders of Nashville, the general con- 
tractors for the Rudd Memorial, is the 
middle of October, project engineer 
Jim Kelley predicts the building will 
be ready for occupancy September 

Major interior utility contracts, in- 
cluding heating, air conditioning, elec- 
tricity, and plumbing, are nearing com- 
pletion. The beamed ceiling of the 
auditorium proper, stained and var- 
nished with several coats, has a beauti- 
ful final goldtone luster. Plastering of 
the auditorium walls is nearly com- 
pleted, and the sealer coat has been 
applied to all ground-floor walls. Ceil- 
ing installation has begun, and the 
working crews are scheduled to finish 
this task in a period of two weeks. 
Ceramic tile installation in the rest- 
room areas is completed. Sun-copper 
carpet has been ordered to comple- 
ment the sunstream gold-tone walls in 
the auditorium proper, the balcony, 
and the music studios. Green-tone car- 
pet has been ordered to match the avo- 
cado-mist walls in the classrooms, the 
band room, the choir room, and the 
music practice rooms on the ground- 
floor level. The opera-type seats for 
the auditorium have been ordered in 
burnt orange to complement the car- 
peting and the walls. 

Gifts toward the completion of the 
project continue to come in daily. The 
chapel chair project, inaugurated as a 
part of the Mercer 20-year celebration, 
moves steadily ahead. Toward the 
overall goal of S42,000, 540,000 has 
been received to date, $7,500 having 
been raised by the students. The 
trustees of the college-all of whom 
have been very generous, having al- 
ready contributed over 5200,000 to 
the chapel project— voted at their 
spring meeting to furnish the carpet 
for the Rudd Memorial. Approximately 
$290,000 is still needed to complete 
the total chapel project, including the 
pipe organ. Memorial opportunities are 
still available. Inquiries should be di- 
rected to Dr. John B. Bartlett, vice 
president of Bryan College. 

by John B. Bartlett 


Current Status of Income and Expenditures 
June 7, 1976 






Gifts and 

Total Gifts to 


$1,028,000 Building Fur- 

nished and 

904,000 Basic Bufld- 



Advisory Committee 


Faculty and Staff 







S 70,732.00 



Total E X- 
penditures to 


S 52,362.50 








Interior furnishings, instructional equipment, and paved parking 5124,000. 
(Does not include pipe organ for auditorium.) 

SUMMER 1976 




In his thirty-fourth message since 
his eighty-ninth birthday last Novem- 
ber, Dr. R. G. Lee was the featured 
Bryan Founders' Day speaker on 
March 17. This pastor-emeritus of 
famed Bellevue Baptist Church, Mem- 
phis, and former president of the 
Southern Baptist Convention spoke to 
the college chapel audience on "The 
Name of Jesus." At a luncheon in his 
honor, he spoke to ministers and their 
wives from Rhea County. In a com- 
munity-wide evening bicentennial ser- 
vice at the First Baptist Church, at 
which delegations from seventeen 
churches were recognized. Dr. Lee 
brought his third message of the day. 
He is most famous for his sermon en- 
titled "Payday Someday," which he 
has preached more than 1,800 times. 

Dr. Lee is pictured to the right of 
Dr. Brian Richardson, head of the 
Christian education department, at the 
Bryan chapel assembly. 

Bryan observed a day of prayer on 
Tuesday, March 23, led by a well- 
known area minister. Rev. Ansell T. 
Baker, pastor of First Baptist Church, 
Athens, Tenn., who gave inspirational 
messages in morning and evening ses- 
sions. Other events of the day included 
individual Bible study and prayer and 
group prayer with each class being led 
by its president. Administration, facul- 
ty, and staff met in prayer session led 
by Dr. Ralph Paisley, associate profes- 
sor of biology. 

Bryan trustee W. Earle Stevens, 
pastor of First Evangelical Church, 
Memphis, was featured speaker for the 
Bible Doctrine series, March 30-April 
1. Former pastor of Westminster Pres- 
byterian Church, Chattanooga, Mr. 
Stevens is well-known in the Chatta- 
nooga-Dayton area. His messages, 
based on Psalm 139, dealt with those 
attributes of God which are set forth 
in the Psalm— omnipotence, omni- 
science, and omnipresence— especially 
relating these to the daily lives of be- 

Dr. N. A. Woychuk, founder and 
executive director of the Bible 
Memory Association, St. Louis, Mo., 
was chapel speaker on April 5. BMA 
holds Bible camps in eight locations in 
North America. This Bible memory 
program began thirty-two years ago 
with an enrollment of 575 in the tri- 
state area around Shreveport, La., 
where Dr. Woychuk was a pastor. In 
1975 the enrollment reached 42,925. 
Of those enrolling, 75 percent com- 
pleted the course. Dr. John Anderson, 
professor of ancient languages at 
Bryan, has been a frequent teacher at 
the Cleveland, Ga., BMA camp. 


Dr. Irving L. Jensen, professor of 
Bible and head of the department of 
Bible, is the author of a new series of 

books entitled Jensen Bible Charts, 
published by Moody Press. 

The three-volume set contains a 
total of 228 charts designed for use in 
teaching as overhead transparencies 
and ditto masters. Eight actual trans- 
parencies are included with the set. 

Useful also in personal Bible study, 
all of the charts deal with some specif- 
ic subject, such as the plan of the 
tabernacle and the temple. Some 
sketch the entire scope of the Bible, \ 
such as "God's FamOy Through the 
Ages." Volume I of the set is a general 
survey of the Bible. Volume II covers 
the Old Testament; and Volume III, 
the New Testament in greater detail, i 

Dr. Jensen is also author of the 
Moody Press Bible Self-Study Guides, \ 
widely used in group and personal 
Bible study. Independent Bible Study, 
Enjoy Your Bible, and several volumes 
in the Everyman's Bible Commentary 

* ^ ;is * :}: H: 

^ # :J: :j: ^ 

Dr. John B. Bartlett, vice president 
and academic dean, represented the 
Southern Association of Colleges and 
Schools in evaluating the academic 
program of Paul Quinn College in] 
Waco, Texas. This was Dr. Bartlett'sj 
first appointment to an evaluating ; 

Two Bryan faculty members are 
listed in the 1976 edition of Out- 
standing Young Men of America. They 
are Dr. Brian Richardson, associate 
professor of education and head of thai 
department of Christian education, 
and Gary Phillips, instructor in Bible 
and Greek. 

Dr. Richardson, who has been at 
Bryan since 1972, received the B.A. 
degree from CampbellsvUle College 
and the M.R.E. and Ed.D. degrees 
from Southwestern Baptist Theologi- 
cal Seminary. He was faculty chairman 
this past year and is pastor of the Sale 
Creek Presbyterian Church. 

Mr. Phillips is a graduate of Baylor 
School in Chattanooga and of Vander- 
bilt University, where he was an inter- 
departmental major. In 1975 he re- 
ceived the Th.M. degree from Dallas 
Theological Seminary and was 
honored with the Rollin Thomas 
Chafer Award in Apologetics. 

In addition to teaching a young 
couples' class at Sale Creek Presby- 
terian Church, he also teaches a career 
singles' Bible class every Monday night 
at Coach John Reeser's home in Day- 



Mr. Phillips is pictured with his 
wife, Betsy, and the plaque which he 
was awarded on Honors Day when he 
was named Teacher of the Year by the 
student body. Mrs. Phillips was a mem- 
ber of the 1976 graduating class. 


Miss Virginia Seguine, director of 
library services, began a one-year leave 
of absence from the college starting 
June 1. She will be associated with the 
Campbell-Reese Evangelistic Associa- 
tion of Cambridge, Ontario, working 
in advance crusade organization. She 
was honored at a faculty supper on 
March 19 and was presented with a 
gift from the faculty by Dr. Mercer. 
On Honor's Day Miss Seguine was pre- 
sented the Student Body Appreciation 

Dr. Richard Barnhart, associate 
professor of mathematics, and Glen 
Liebig, registrar and associate aca- 
demic dean, represented Bryan at a 
curricular reform workshop in Wash- 
ington, D.C., in March. 

Sponsored by the Council for the 
Advancement of Small Colleges 
(CASC) and funded by the W. K. Kel- 
logg Foundation, the workshop pro- 
vided opportunity for faculty and ad- 
ministrators from small colleges to 
study recent innovations in college 
curriculum and consider curricular re- 
forms designed to meet the needs of 
college students through the remainder 
of the twentieth century. Outstanding 
consultants in education related a 
variety of topics to the general theme 
of the workshop. 

This summer a special faculty task 
force began the first major study of 
the general education program of the 
college since 1969. The task force, 
consisting of Dr. Richard Barnhart, 
Mrs. Mayme Bedford, Dr. Paul Biggers, 
Dr. Richard Cornelius, Dr. Robert Jen- 

kins, Mr. Glen Liebig, and Dr. Brian 
Richardson, worked half days from 
May 17 through June 11 to develop 
more specific objectives for general 
education, evaluate the effectiveness 
of the current program, and recom- 
mend program changes which give 
promise of fuller realization of 

The findings and recommendations 
of the task force will be presented to 
the faculty in the fall and then to the 
Board of Trustees. This study should 
help Bryan College to fulfill better its 
role as a Christian liberal arts college. 


Spending a summer on the mission 
field with established missionaries will 
occupy most of the vacation period 
for four Bryan students who are serv- 
ing under the Summer Missions Pro- 
gram (SMP) with support from their 
fellow students. 

Cathy Robertson, a junior from 
Richmond, Va., and Sue Maxey, a 
sophomore from Glen Allen, Va., who 
are pictured (left to right) with Mr. 
and Mrs. Wilford Watson, representa- 
tives of the World-Wide Evangelization 
Crusade, will travel with the Watsons 
to Colombia and Venezuela for youth 
meetings and other evangelism. 

Two other Bryan co-eds supported 
by SMP are Mary Kirtley, a sophomore 
from Hamburg, Iowa, who will go to 
Nicaragua under the American Baptist 
Mission Board, and Cathie Robbins, a 
graduating senior from Murfreesboro, 
Tenn., who will work with Child 
Evangelism Fellowship in Fairfax, Va. 


A scale model replica of the 
United States Capitol was displayed 
for several days m the lobby of the 
Administration Building during the 
closing weeks of the academic year. 
BuUt by Mr. Charles McCrorie's Ameri- 
can history class at the Rhea County 

High School, Dayton, the model is 6 
feet long, 4 feet wide, and 35 inches 
high. Weighing approximately 200 
pounds, it is made almost entirely of 
wood-base products. Work on the 
replica began in January of last year 
with the gathering of information and 
drawing of plans. The model was com- 
pleted and put on display in March of 
this year. 


Gary Degerman, a rising senior 
from International Falls, Minnesota, 
was elected president for the next 
annual meeting of the collegiate divi- 
sion of the Tennessee Academy of 
Science, East Tennessee section. 
Dottle Johnson, a rising junior from 
Athens, Tennessee, was chosen secre- 

Three Bryan students— Pam 
Ingram, of Soddy, Tennessee; Joseph 
Chu, of Dayton; and Sue Ridgely, of 
Glen Burnie, Maryland— presented 
papers at this year's meeting of the 
Academy at Lincoln Memorial Univer- 
sity in Harrogate, Tennessee. The 
papers represented their work and that 
of Tim Faugl, Glenn Porcella, David 
Hobson, Randy Ballard, and Gary 


Commemorating the American 
Bicentennial and the Fiftieth Anni- 
versary of the Scopes Evolution 
Trial and the homegoing of William 
Jennings Bryan, this 148-page 
anthology of Bryan College student 
writing includes essays, poems, 
stories, literary studies, and miscel- 
laneous prose on a variety of topics 
and is illustrated by eight photo- 
graphs of local scenes. The book is 
issued under the auspices of the 
English Department and sells for 
$3.25 (plus 25c for mail orders). 
Make out checks to Bryan College 
and send orders to Bryan CoOege 
Bookstore, Dayton, TN. 37321. 

SUMMER 1976 



Theodore C. Mercer Day was pro- 
claimed throughout Rhea County on 
April 2 in recognition of Dr. Mercer's 
twenty years of service to Bryan Col- 
lege as its fourth president. At an im- 
pressive afternoon ceremony on the 
Rhea County Courthouse lawn. State 
Representative Bill Carter presided and 
read a special congratulatory citation 
to Dr. Mercer, passed in the House of 
Representatives of the Eighty-Ninth 
General Assembly of the State of 
Tennessee, the Senate concurring, and 
signed by the Speaker of the House, 
the Speaker of the Senate, and the 

Mr. Clyde Roddy, Dayton City 
Manager, and Mayor Gerald P. Henley, 
of Spring City (Dr. Mercer's home 
town), read citations representing the 
two cities of Rhea County and recog- 
nizing Dr. Mercer's efforts and in- 
fluence in community leadership. 

The afternoon ceremony also in- 
cluded patriotic selections by the Col- 
lege Chorale and Symphonic Band, 
featuring an original composition, 
"Mercer's March," written for the 
band and directed by Professor 
William R. Boyd. 

At a testmonial dinner in the eve- 
ning at the college. Dr. and Mrs. Mercer 
received congratulations from approxi- 
mately 400 friends, and brief presenta- 
tions were made by representatives of 
the larger college constituency. Appre- 
ciation speeches were made by George 
McLawhon, president of the Student 
Senate; Dr. Brian Richardson, chair- 
man of the Faculty; Mrs. Betty 
Wynsema, secretary to the president; 
Ralph Green, president of the Alumni 
Association; Dr. J. Wesley McKinney, 
chairman of the Board of Trustees; BUI 

Carter, state representative; and John 
Stophel, Chattanooga attorney. 

Dr. McKinney presented to Dr. 
and Mrs. Mercer the keys to a 1976 
Oldsmobile Delta 88 as a gift from the 
college in recognition of their out- 
standing service. In addition, a 
Memory Book was presented which 
contained scores of letters from such 
dignitaries as President Ford; 
Tennessee's two U. S. Senators, Bill 
Brock and Howard Baker; the third 
district congressional representative, 
Mrs. Marilyn Lloyd; Dr. BUly Graham; 
and many long-time friends, including 
alumni and former students. 

During the twenty years of the 
Mercer administration, God has 
blessed the college in many ways. The 
student body has grown from 235 to 
620, and campus facilities have been 
greatly expanded. The administration 
building was completed; three new 
dormitories were constructed; a music 
building, a gymnasium, tennis courts, 
baseball and soccer fields were added; 
twenty apartments were acquired for 
married student housing; and the new 
Rudd Memorial Chapel is scheduled 
for completion in the fall. Cafeteria 
and library facilities have been im- 
proved and expanded. Regional ac- 
creditation was achieved in 1969. A 
dedicated and well-trained faculty and 
an enlarged administrative staff have 
been maintained. The college is 
moving toward its goal of a student 
body of 800 full-time students, the 
number set as a planning limit by the 
college Board of Trustees. 

Most significant to alumni, friends, 
and faithful supporters, many now of 
an older generation, Bryan is still 


At the May commencement Mr. 
and Mrs. WUham HOleary of nearby 
Spring City, Tenn., were given the Dis- 
tinguished Service Award for more 
than fifty years of service to their 
community. The Award, the first ever 
to be presented by the college, is equi- 
valent to an honorary degree. 

A Rhea County native who had to 
leave home to get a job, Mr. HUleary 
was motivated to return to his home 
area to establish an industrial plant 
which would help stem the out-migra- 
tion of the area's young people by pro- 
viding employment at home. Starting 
with one building in a former straw- 
berry patch bought with $500 worth 
of stock in the new business, the 
Southern SUk MUls now sprawls over 
thirty-five acres and provides employ- 
ment for 600, an achievement which 
has definitely helped to reverse the 
out-migration trend in this area. 

Mrs. HUleary, who has supported 
her husband in all his endeavors, en- 
joyed an outstanding career as a 
banker, serving more than fifty years 
with the Bank of Spring City, many of 
these years as president and as chair- 
man of the board. 

The fact that the community now 
enjoys the service of two doctors can 
be traced to the HUlearys' generosity 
in the erection of a building to house 
the Spring City Health Clinic on land 
donated in 1973 by Southern SUk 

The award presentation was felt to 
be appropriate for the bicentennial 
year, for Mr. and Mrs. HUleary have 
demonstrated in their own lives those 
characteristics which have contributed 
to the realization of the American 
dream in our nation's history— vision, 
courage, persistence, hard work, and 
personal integrity. 





Graduation with official honors is 
based on the student's cumulative 
grade-point average with a minimum 
of four semesters (or sixty semester 
hours) at Bryan. On Commencement 
Day, May 3, the following students 
were graduated with honors: 

Summa cum laude (3.750-4.000) 

*Kenneth Baker, Orlando. Fla. 

Jonathan L. Bennett, 
Oeveland Heights, Ohio 

Drew W. Blankman, 
International Falls, Minn. 

Pamela D. Dekker. Dunwoody, Ga. 

Rebecca J. Ely, Jimma, Ethiopia 
*Gerard R. Fonte, Metairie, La. 

Mary E. Janke, Berrien Center, Mich. 
*George B. McLawhon, Jr., Port St. Joe, Fla. 
*David M. Mercer, Dayton, Tenn. 

John E. Rowland, Albion, Ind. 
*Rebecca B. Spoede, Dayton, Tenn. 
*Stephen J. Strauss, Escondido, Calif. 

Sarali N. Taylor Peterson, Winona Lake, Ind. 

Magna cum laude (3.500-3.749) 

*Randall H. Ballard, Trenton, Ga. 
*Verna G. Carney, Little Hocking, Ohio 
*Daniel B. Decker, Murfreesboro, Tenn. 

Margaret H. English, Kinsale, Va. 
*Emily L. Hall, Roanoke, Va. 
*Edward L. James, Hancock, Md. 
*Marjorie Susan Ridgely, Glen Burnie, Md. 

Lois Tarbotton, Glen Mills, Pa. 

Cum laude (3.250-3.499) 

*Rebecca A. Barge, Macon, Miss. 

Vicky Bentley, Dyersburg, Tenn. 

Phebe L. Blount, Hampton, Va. 
*Gary W. CrisweU, Richmond, Va. 

Deborah F. Hampton, Spring City, Tenn. 

Christopher R. Hatten, Huntington, W.Va. 

Linda J. Schiller Hayes, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Lynn I. Johnson, Chapel Hill, N.C. 

Deborah A. Kier, Beaumont, Tex. 

Carolyn L. O'Connor, 
South Yarmouth, Mass. 

Ralph Craig Samuelsen, Lapeei, Mich. 

Paula M. Purser, Dayton, Tenn. 
*Robin G. Rummel, Durham, N.C. 

Grace Sturms, Marion, Wis. 

Sue Ann Timblin, Lower Burrell, Pa. 

Beatrice F. Turner, Quito, Ecuador 

Other High Averages 

Nine other seniors with high grade 
point averages who were enrolled at 
Bryan for less than the four semesters 
or sixty semester hours required for 
official honors achieved averages at the 
honors level for the period enrolled as 

'Robert Alarid, Belen, Costa Rica (3.842) 
Connie Alderman, St. Albans, W. Va. (3.607) 
Daniel Alderman, St. Albans, W. Va. (3.621) 
Peter Euaene Brooks, Crato, Ceara, 

Brazil (3.679) 
Craig Bruce, Fulton, Ky. (4.000) 
lames Hoover, Kalamazoo, Mich. (3.830) 
Steven C. Johnson, Chisholm, Minn. (3.921) 
SUzabeth Nowicki, Roselle, 111. (3.568) 
Bette TheUig, Pittsfield, Mass. (3400) 

Who's Who 

The names marked with an asterisk 
(*) were also selected for the honor of 
being included in this year's Who's 
Who in American Colleges and Univer- 
sities. These students were chosen by 
faculty and administrators on the basis 
of academic excellence, character, and 
citizenship. In addition to the fifteen 
listed above are Terri Pouts, Vero 
Beach, Fla., and Mary Jo Hemme, De 
Soto, Mo. 


Each year the Undergraduate 
Record Examinations (URE) are ad- 
ministered to Bryan seniors for the 
sake of comparison with other college 
seniors throughout the country. The 
tests are given in three basic liberal arts 
areas— social science, humanities, and 
natural science— and in the major 
fields. Listed below are the names of 
students whose scores placed them at 
or above the 90 percentile rank. 

Social Science Percentile Rank 

Chris Hatten 99 

Steve Strauss 99 

Jon Bennett 99 

Craig Bruce 98 

John Rowland 98 

Steve Johnson 93 

Gary CrisweU 92 

June Ferry 92 


Rebecca Spoede 99 

John Rowland 97 

Lucy Lieb 95 

Chris Hatten 94 

George McLawhon 93 

Sue Ridgely 93 

Randy Ballard 92 

Margaret English 92 

Steve Strauss 92 

Steve Johnson 92 

Natural Science 

Randy BaUard 98 

Rebecca Ely 97 

David Mercer 96 

Beatrice Turner 96 

Tim Faugl 93 

Kennedi Baker 92 

Margaret English 92 

Highest combined total 
areas— Steve Strauss. 
Advanced Tests 
Steve Strauss 
Kenneth Baker 

Jon Bennett 

Lucy Ijeb 

Rebecca Spoede 
Doug Clark 

Margaret English 

George McLawhon 

Susan Ridgely 

Lois Tarbotton 

Rebecca Ely 

score for all three 

99 History 

98 History 

99 Business 

97 Literature 

97 Literature 
92 Literature 

94 Music 

98 Mathematics 

95 Psychology 

97 Education 

98 Biology 


Bible and Christian Education 

Those who graduated with a de- 
gree in Christian education and were 
awarded the diploma of the Evan- 
gelical Teacher Training Association 
are the following: Gary Amos, Ten 
Mile, Tenn.; Drew Blankman; Rick 
Famey, Lowell, Ind.; Emily Hall; Glen 
Hansen, Anna Maria, Fla.; Grace 
Howard, Schaefferstown, Pa.; Larry 
Kelley, Akron, Ohio; Mike Maikowski, 
Grand Rapids, Mich.; Luanne Maze, 
Camanche, Iowa; Randall Paeplow, 
Lake Placid, Fla.; Betsy Woodard 
Phillips, Dayton, Tenn.; Susan Smith, 
Hogansville. Ga.; Gregory Thayer, San 
Jose, Calif.; and Bette Theilig. 
The F. R. Rogers Senior Award in Bible- 
Gerard Fonte (awarded to the senior 
who has had at least four semesters of 
Bible at Bryan, who excels as a Bible 
student, and who manifests true conse- 
cration ) 
Christian Education Department Senior 
Award— Drew Blankman 


Senior Business Award and Wall Street Jour- 
nal Business Senior Award-Jon Bennett 


Highest Achievement, First-Year Chemis- 
try-Tom Hatten, Huntington, W. Va. 


Mrs. E. B. Arnold Student Teacher Award- 
Mary Janke 


Freshman English Term Paper Awards: 

Section A-Susan D. Shields, Kettering, 
Ohio-"Tragedy From Within" (A 
study of Marlowe's Dr. Faustus) 

Section B-Dean J. Ferguson, Mt. 
Laurel, N.J.-'Ts Samson a Type?" 
(A study of Milton's Samson 

Section C-Linda Miller, Kalona, lowa- 
"The Heart of the Forest in Haw- 
thorne's 'Young Goodman Brown' 
and Tlie Scarlet Letter " 

Section D-Don A. Neumann, Dayton, 
Tenn.-"Tlie Hand of God in His- 
tory: A Plot Study of Measure for 
Measure" (Shakespeare) 

Section E-Anthony E. Castlen, 
Spencer, Tenn. — "Heroes and 
Dreams: A Prelude to Suicide" (A 
study of Hemingway's Tlie Old Man 
and the Sea) 

Section F-Priscilla R. Chapman, Banner 
Elk, N.C.-"Portia, Shakespeare's 
Perfect Woman" (A study of The 
Merchant of Venice) 

Section G-David W. Drake, Hamilton, 
Ohio— "The Religious Significance in 
the Land of Eldorado" (A study of 
Voltaire's Candide) 

Section H-Debra C. Woodworth, 
Monroe Center, III.— "Conflict: Cap- 
tain in Vere's Emotions and Intellect 
in a Crisis" (A study of Melville's 
Billy Budd) 

SUMMER 1976 



ollege has been design 










"If rpy;.pe6ple, which are caHed by my^pame, - 
shall humble themselves; and.pray, and seek jny face, 
and turn from thejr wicked waysi then wfi},l hear from , 
heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.'" 
^ II Chronicles 7:14 ' fM 

' W/zms^.A 








Editorial Office, William Jennings 

Bryan College, Dayton, Tennessee 

37321. Publishing Office, Cross 

Roads Publications, Inc., 2751 

Buford Highway, N.E., Suite 720, 

Atlanta, Georgia 30324, 


Dr. Theodore C. Mercer, 


Robert C. Hill, EDITOR 

John Weyant, MANAGING 


Shirley Holmes, CIRCULATION 


Steve Lester, ART Dl RECTOR 

Consulting Editors: Dr. John 
Bartlett, Larry Levenger, Rebecca 
Peck, and Charles Robinson. 

Copy Editors: Alice Mercer and 
Rebecca Peck. 

BRYAN LIFE is published four 
times annually by William Jen- 
nings Bryan College, Dayton, Ten- 
nessee. Produced and printed by 
Cross Roads Publications. Second 
class postage paid at Dayton, Ten- 
nessee, and other points. 

Copyright 1976 


William Jennings Bryan College 

Dayton, Tennessee 


Occupying a prominent position 
at the entrance of the Bryan cam- 
pus, the new Rudd Memorial 
Chapel, which was put into full 
use at the opening of the fall 
semester, is a focal point for daily 
activity with its classrooms and 
offices for the fine arts depart- 
ment and its auditorium for 
chapel and other assemblies. 

(Photo by Cunnyngham Studio, 
Dayton, Tenn.) 

Volume 2 

Fall 1976 

Number 1 

I WAS A SUMMER MISSIONARY: Opthalmologist and Bryan trustee 
shares his medical skills in the Dominican Republic. By J. Wesley 
McKinney, M.D. 

FINANCIAL BONDAGE: WHAT IT IS: A leading financial counselor ex- 
plains various conditions which spell financial bondage. (A sequent article 
in the next issue will answer the questions of what to do about it.) By 
Larry Burkett 

Jesus Christ can give us insight into our responsibilities as Christians. By 
Mickey Park 

absolutely vital in doing the will of God. By Robert Andrews 

CAMPUS REVIEW: A bird's-eye view of campus activities together with 
faculty happenings and other news of interest. 

SPORTS: Soccer, volleyball and cross-country teams get the new athletic 
season into swing. 

CAMPUS CALENDAR: Coming events for the new school year, including 
the basketball and soccer schedules. 




I have seen a miracle 

in God's provision for the Rudd Memorial 
Chapel. From the birth of the idea in the 
hearts and minds of the alumni three days 
after Dr. Rudd's death in October 1970 
until today, the process has been like that 
of a compact rosebud which has grown 
and developed into a beautiful mature 
flower. Now the building has been put into use and lacks only some of the 
furnishings. It is good news indeed that the fund-raising is also about 85% complete. 
The covers of this magazine show you how handsome the building is from the 
outside and where we stand in the matter of money. I hope that you as one of our 
readers will undergird the completion of this project with your prayers. If you are 
not actively involved financially in this matter at present, I hope you will want to 
have a part in providing the final dollars needed so that this building can be 
dedicated free of debt. 

Theodore C. Mercer 


by J.Wesley McKinney, M.D. 

In June of this year, 1976, the 
Lord gave me the opportunity to serve 
Him in a foreign mission with talents 
which He had given me. The project 
was a two-week medical eye clinic con- 
ducted by the Cliristian Medical 
Society in the Dominican Republic. 

The Christian Medical Society is a 
national organization of Christian 
physicians and medical students whose 
purpose is to serve and be a witness for 
Jesus Christ in medical work w^orld- 
wide. In addition to maintaining con- 
tact with its members who ser%-e nu- 
merous American religious denomina- 
tions, it also organizes and staffs medi- 
cal and dental clinics in several 
countries w^here medical care is out of 
reach of a large part of the population. 
The clinics are staffed by volunteer 
specialists from the United States, who 
pay their own plane fare, room, and 
board and many of whom take their 
teen-age children and wives to give val- 
uable auxiliary' ser\'ices. 

Because eye care is a particular 
need where there are so few 
ophthalmologists to treat the many 
blinding eye diseases, such as cataracts, 
glaucoma, and pterygium, two-week 
clinics at six-month inter\'als are con- 
ducted each year by the Medical 
Group Missions project of the 
Christian Medical Society in the 
Dominican Republic. This country, oc- 
cupying the eastern two-thirds of the 
island of Hispaniola, with Haiti oc- 
cupying the western one-third, is pop- 
ulated by four million Spanish-speak- 
ing, mostly black people. 

The mission clinic I visited is lo- 
cated thirteen mUes west of Santo 
Domingo on unimproved roads. The 
mission compound consists of the 
summer home and outlying buildings 
of the former dictator, Gen. Trujillo, 
who was assassinated fifteen years ago. 
The buildings have been refurbished 
for living quarters and working areas 
of the clinic. Living was reasonably 
comfortable, except for the fact that 
the running water often did not run 
and the lights often went out. con- 
ditioning was furnished by the breeze 
always blowing from the Caribbean. 
Meals, including much tropical fruit, 
were adequate. 





> 4 




/SAN fj^^C CCfllNCrC 

The personnel for the clinic, sLxty- 
five in all, consisted of the local 
missionary directors and missionaries 
with their children who came to help 
with translation, together with the vol- 
unteers from the United States, includ- 
ing seven ophthalmologists, several 
optometrists, nurses, wives, and teen- 
age children. Each morning at 6:30 we 
assembled for breakfast, followed by a 
short devotional and instruction 
period. We dispersed to our several 
posts at 7: 15 a,m. 

People came from all over the 
country and even from Haiti to see the 
eye doctors. They arrived on foot, by 
burro, bus, or taxi. The line began to 
form at 4:00 in the morning and soon 
extended far down the road. In turn, 
groups of them were seated on a large 
porch where their complaints were 
heard and recorded for the ophthal- 
mologists. While they waited, a local 
missionary' gave them the gospel to- 
gether with spiritual songs over a loud 
speaker. Tracts were passed out and 
invitations given to take a correspon- 
dence Bible course. About ten per cent 
signed up for a course. 

The patients were then brought for 
examination to the ophthalmologists 
not operating that day. Some needing 
only simple eye glasses for reading 
were sent to choose them from a large 
collection of used glasses contributed 
by many individuals and organizations 
in the U.S. Others were sent to the 
refraction sections for more thorough 
testing for the complicated eye-glass 
problems, and stiU others were held 
for further medical examinations, for 
treatment, or for surgery. The surgical 
schedule quickly filled up for the 
operating ophthalmologists of the day. 
The ladies took turns testing the 
patients' vision with the help of 
missionary- children translating. 

Eye surgery was performed each 
day at the clinic in an air-conditioned 
van furnished by a foundation in 
Dallas, Texas, and in the general hospi- 
tal in San Cristobal eight miles from 
our compound. Temporary glasses 
were fitted on the second day after 
operation. In nine days six doctors 
performed 100 eye operations for 
cataracts, cross-eyes, glaucoma, and 
pterygium. Unfortunately, several eyes 
had to be removed on account of in- 
curable diseases. 

In ten working days we examined 
4,350 patients, dispensed 3,000 pairs 
of eye glasses, and operated on 100 

On the day after the clinic was 
closed, a Une of patients, along with a 
large number already diagnosed as 
needing operations, had to be told 
that, because we were physically 
unable to treat them at that time, they 
should return for the January 1977 

.Although the work was arduous 
and even exhausting, we all agreed that 
it was well worth the effort: for it was 
a means of demonstrating God's love 
and of supporting the missionaries' 
endeavors to bring the healing message 
of Jesus Christ to the people. The 
Christian fellowship among the partici- 
pants was great. 

Gloria a'Dios! 

Dr. McKinney, 
prominent ophthalmol- 
ogist of Memphis, has 
been a member of the 
Bryan board of trustees 
since 1950 and chair- 
man since 1969, He 
also serves as a member 
of the board of Mid-South Bible College in 
Memphis and Reformed Theological Semi- 
nary in Jackson, Miss. He is an elder of the 
Second Presbyterian Church of his home 
city and is active in the Christian Medical 
Society as illustrated by this article on his 
experience as a summer medical missionary. 
A member of various professional societies 
in the field of medicine, he served thirteen 
years as secretary-treasurer of the Pan- 
.American .Association of Ophthalmology. 
He holds the bachelor of science degree 
from the University of Tennessee at Knox- 
viUe and the doctor of medicine from the 
University of Tennessee College of Medi- 

FALL 1976 

Financial Bondage: 

What It Is 

by Larry Burkett 

(A two-part article to be continued in the next issue) 

Every year, thousands of people encumber themselves 
with heavy mental burdens in the area of finances. Are 
you one of them? 

In Biblical times, financial bondage actually meant 
physical bondage. If someone failed to repay an obligation, 
he was thrown into prison for the rest of his life and per- 
haps eventually sold out of prison as a slave. But today 
physical bondage has been replaced by mental bondage. 
Every year, thousands of people encumber themselves with 
heavy mental burdens in the area of finances. 

But how can a person tell when he is in financial bon- 
dage? If any of the following attitudes apply to you, you 
are in bondage: 

A Christian is in financial bondage when he experiences 
anxiety produced from overdue bills. In counseling, I find 
that as high as 80% of Christian families suffer from over- 
spending or have suffered from this malady in the past. 

Worrying over investments, savings, money or assets also 
causes financial bondage and interferes with the Christian's 
spiritual life. Even if these investments are prospering, if 
they generate worry, a Christian can be absolutely sure that 
he is in bondage. 

This individual attempts to make money quickly with 
very little applied effort. If the investment requires that a 
person assume excessive debts, borrow money to invest, or 
deal deceitfuUy with people, that investment is a "get rich 
quick" program. 

Not only is this attitude prevalent in investments, but it 
also surfaces in the home when a family borrows to get 
everything they desire rather than saving for the items. It's 
important that a Christian assess exactly what his motives 
are for financial involvement. 


Financial bondage also exists when there is no desire for 
gainful employment. This area must be assessed in every 
Christian's life, for many people who want to "start at the 
top" never get started at all. Each of us must have a real 
desire for being gainfully employed if we are to accomplish 
what God put us on this earth to do. 

A Christian is in financial bondage if his basic attitude 
includes dishonesty with others in financial matters. This 
bondage can occur if, for instance, a family purchases an 
appliance on credit knowing that they are already behind in 
their average monthly obligations. They are dealing deceit- 
fuDy with the supplier. 


Financial bondage can also result from an attitude of 
greediness. Someone who is never able to put others first, is 
never able to accept a loss when it's necessary, or is always 
desiring more than he has, suffers from greed. A person 
who cannot put his own wants and desires behind him to 
satisfy the needs of others also suffers from this form of 
financial bondage. 

Financial bondage exists if the Christian's attitude is one 
of looking at what others have and desiring it. In our 
society, we might call this "keeping up with the Joneses." 


The "symptoms" for this bondage are almost inexhausti- 
ble but are all related to a common attitude— irresponsi- 
bility. There is a definite difference between a Christian 
who is financially bound because of irresponsibility and one 


who cannot meet family needs because of the circum- 
stances surrounding him— such as illness or other unavoida- 
ble difficulties. The attitude described here concerns those 
who are wanting because of past buying habits and those 
who will not meet the needs of their families. 

It is the responsibility of each Christian to supply the 
needs of others who cannot do so for themselves. Harry 
Truman said of the presidency. "The buck stops here." The 
same is true for each Christian. If we see someone going 
without, and we close our hearts to him, what kind of love 
is that? Of course, God will not lay every need on every 
Christian's heart, but He will lay on our hearts specific 
needs that we are to meet. Failure to comply results in 

A life that is devoted to business pursuits, to the exclu- 
sion of all else, is a hfe of bondage. Money is not always the 
prime motive for this overcommitment. Often it is ego, 
escape, or simply habit that drives a person to such excess. 


This individual is never able to deny himself a material 
desire, but satisfies every whim that comes to mind. A s'elf- 
indulger can be identified by one or more of the following 


This bondage is described as "too many irons in the 
fire." Someone trapped by entanglements is so "strung 
out" that he has to continually apply "band aids" to his 
financial ventures. These entanglements become so complex 
that continual manipulation is required to keep his whole 
financial mess from collapsing. Often someone in this situa- 
tion has dealt with so many people unfairly that he can no 
longer be an effective witness for Christ, and many times he 
has also involved friends in these ventures, 

If a Christian deals unfairly with others, God says he is 
in financial bondage. In other words, this is a person who 
promotes his own interests to the detriment of others. 

A classic example of this kind of bondage is the 
Christian who discovers someone in need and takes unfair 
advantage of the situation. He may apply so much pressure 
that the needy person is forced to accept a poor offer or, 
even worse, is forced to borrow from the high-pressure 
Christian. This tactic is often used in dealing with recent 
widows or with young couples through church-related con- 

A Christian employer who fails to pay his employees a 
fair wage for a fair day's work also falls into this category. 
And a Christian who refuses to pay what is owed simply 
because he knows that a company is in financial difficulty 
and cannot pursue the debt is deahng unfairly. Examples of 
this bondage are as varied as individual craftiness. 

1. Purchasing without regard for utility. 

2. Living a lifestyle characterized by lavishness. 

3. Constantly trading cars and appliances for new 

4. Having closet after closet full of clothes that are 
seldom or never used. 

5. Spending money frivolously on virtually any "sale" 


A Christian is in financial bondage if there is no financial 
commitment to God's work. We are stewards of our 
possessions; God is the owner. The financial commitment 
that we give to God is a testimony of His ownership, and 
the Christian who fails to give this testimony never 
acknowledges that God is the owner. 

This attitude often occurs in those who are blessed with 
an abundance. Someone who has wealth should think of it 
not as an honor or a right, but as a responsibility. 

The converse of superiority is a Christian in financial 
bondage from feelings of resentment because he thinks that 
God has not given him what he deserves or desires. Not 
only does he covet what others have, but he is basically 
resentful toward God for his station in life. 

If you have discovered you are in financial bondage or 
assess that you might be moving in that direction, the next 
article provides God's perspective on how to gain financial 

Larry Burkett and used by permission of the publishers. 
Campus Crusade for Christ, Inc. Available at your Christian 
bookstore or through Bryan College Bookstore. $3.50 

Larry Burkett, a financial coun- 
selor formerly with Campus Crusade 
for Christ International, is director of 
Christian Financial Concepts, Inc., 
Tucker, Georgia. He has been in- 
volved in several businesses, teaches 
seminars on Christian finances 
throughout the United States, and 
has a television series called "Your 
Finances in Changing Times." The ac- 
companying article, "Financial Bondage," was one of four lectures 
given at the Bryan faculty-staff retreat held at the Harry Johnson 
cottage on Watts Bar Lake just prior to the opening of the faU term. 
Mr. Burkett holds the B.S. degree in finance from Rollins College, 
Winter Park, Florida. 

FALL 1976 

Sexual Purity: 

Doing the Will of God 

by Robert Andrews 

Photo Courtesy Haggai Institute 

Nearly everywhere in the New 
Testament it is assumed that Christians 
know what the will of God is. There- 
fore the common Biblical command is 
to "do the will of God." In order to 
enter the kingdom of heaven, do the 
wOl of God (Matthew 7:21). Be willing 
to do the wiU of God if you wish to 
know whether or not Jesus' teaching is 
of God (John 7:17). Christians are 
told to prove the will of God by not 
being conformed, but by being trans- 
formed; then they are told that the 
will of God is what is acceptable and 
perfect, and good (Romans 12:2). We 
are told not to be foolish, but to 
understand what the will of God is 
(Ephesians 5: 17), and in Ephesians 6:6 
we are commanded to do the will of 
God. The Epistle to the Hebrews talks 
about having done the will of God; 
this assumes that we know what it is 
(Hebrews 10:36)! Then there are 

several passages that say specifically 
what the will of God is. "Give thanks 
always" (I Thessalonians 5:18). Do 
right and therefore silence foolish men 
(I Peter 2:15). These are both pre- 
ceded by the statement that "this is 
the will of God." 

The Biblical evidence seems abun- 
dantly clear that in everything that 
matters we know already what the will 
of God is. This helps us to crystallize 
our thinking about the will of God. 
There are two steps to consider: (1) if 
we know it, we should do it, and (2) if 
we don't know it, it doesn't matter 
what we do! In all the really important 
aspects of Christianity, we already 
know what the will of God is. The 
problem is not one of discovering the 
will of God; it is doing the will of God. 

Any decision that cannot be made 
on the basis of doing what we know to 
be the will of God, can be decided on 

the basis of point two above— if we 
don't know it, it doesn't matter what 
we do! If it really mattered, God 
would have told us what to do. But in 
the absence of such direct, inspired, 
propositional revelation, we are to use 
common sense. Whatever usually helps 
us to make decisions should be used in 
this case. Don't hesitate to decide and 
then woefully declare that you don't 
know the will of God. Make a decision 
and do it! This is what A. W. Tozer 
calls the intelligent choice in his book 
How the Lord Leads. He says: 

On the surface it appears more 
spiritual to seek God's leading than 
just to go ahead and do the obvious 
thing. But it is not. If God gave you 
a watch, would you honor him 
more by asking him for the time of 
day or by consulting the watch? If 
God gave a sailor a compass, would 
the sailor please God more by 


kneeling in a frenzy of prayer to 
persuade God to show him which 
way to go or by steering according 
to the compass? Except for those 
things that are specifically com- 
manded or forbidden, it is God's 
will that we be free to exercise our 
own intelligent choice. 

The Biological Hand-grenade 

The first step in doing the wiil of 
God is to be certain that one's lifestyle 
conforms with these clear, specific in- 
structions as to what God expects. The 
dating-marriage-sex relationship that 
God commands in Scripture is perhaps 
the most dangerous part of God's wiU 
for Christian young people— dangerous 
because young people don't want to 
hear what God has to say about the 
proper way to conduct a Christian 
courtship. What they don't know in 
this case can hurt them. It may be 
that they refuse to heed God's explicit 
instructions because they believe that 
it is old-fashioned to be careful about 
physical relationships while dating. 
That is why I believe that the best ap- 
proach to this topic with young people 
is to talk about the biological hand- 
grenade stepladder. After that, they 
are more likely to listen to such pas- 
sages as I Thessalonians 4: 1-8. 

How many times can a person do 
something for the first time? Only 
once. A friend and I once launched 
out merrily in a small sailboat even 
though neither of us knew how to sail. 
After several failures, one swim, and 
the great glee of all onlookers (the 
entire Bryan faculty), we learned how 
to manage saU and rudder in harmony. 
We were still novices, but we had 
learned the fundamentals of sailing. 
That was a one-time life experience 
that can never be repeated. There are 
many things in life that are similar to 
hand grenades: they happen only 
once. Nobody uses used hand 

When a couple are dating, there are 
many hand-grenade experiences. When 
they first hold hands, boom— the bio- 
logical hand grenade has gone off! 
There can never be another first time 
for holding hands. When a couple first 
kiss, boom — the biological hand 
grenade has gone off! There can never 
be another first time for kissing. The 
progression leads ever upward along 
the stepladder. 

In all my counseling experience, I 
have never known a couple who could 
back down the ladder without the help 
of God. Just the opposite seems to be 
the norm The physical relationship 

progresses and progresses until the 
couple break up. When that happens, 
both partners are already far up the 
ladder. They usually then seek another 
partner and begin to climb the ladder 
as fast as possible to reach still higher 
levels. Is it any wonder that couples 
seem to think nothing of deep physical 
relationships with casual ac- 

Once a person is up the biological 
hand-grenade stepladder, he has a deep 
dependency on the physical relation- 
ship necessary to keep him contented. 
But there is no real contentment 
because God's basic plan for courtship 
has been distorted. 

There is nothing more certain than 
the will of God for Christian dating 
relationships. Far too often couples 
need to understand the destructive 
effects of the stepladder before they 
are willing to listen to God. God wants 
us to please Him with our sexual 
purity, and He tells us that it is His 
will that we be pure (I Thessalonians 

Sex and the Single Christian 

A common misconception about 
the Bible is that though it strongly 
rebukes adultery, it says little about 
premarital sex. The truth is that the 
Bible speaks plainly about sex and the 
single person. WhUe young people 
seem confused and uncertain about 
premarital sexual relationships, the 
Bible says, "This is the will of God, 
your sanctification; that is, that you 
abstain from sexual immorality" (I 
Thessalonians 4:3). For a young 
person who wants to do the will of 
God, this is his beginning point. Every- 
where in the Bible the will of God is 
plainly stated. Christians are told to do 
His will rather than to find out His will 
or seek His will. For the single 
Christian young person, God knows 
that the most sensitive part of His will 
is the sexual purity of the individual. 

The Apostle Paul summarizes what 
God expects from the single Christian 
with three commands. The first com- 
mand is that he abstain from sexual 
immorality. My experience is that 
young people respond to this straight- 
forward language with respect. It's 
what they expect to hear; it's what 
they want to hear. All they require is 
someone to speak as plainly as Paul 
and say, "This is the will of God ... 
abstain from sexual immorality." 

The second command is that he 
know how to possess his own "vessel"; 
that is, know how to conduct a 
Christian courtship. Young people 
need to know how to date successfully 
in sanctification and honor. They need 

to see successful marriages; they need 
to learn by our example. A Christian 
single person has an obligation to 
know enough to avoid immorality. He 
needs to know about "the biological 
hand-grenade stepladder." God's will is 
that each Christian should know how 
to possess his own spouse honorably in 
marriage. And to know that, he must 
first know how to conduct his court- 
ship. Nothing changes drastically after 
marriage. The promiscuous person 
doesn't suddenly become chaste any 
more than the wise, honorable 
Christian suddenly becomes immoral. 
That is why the Bible insists that the 
young person should mold his habits 
of purity early in his courtship. 

The third command is that the 
Christian not defraud his brother in 
the matter. How could a person 
defraud another person in his dating? I 
believe the Holy Spirit is saying that 
every person deserves to have a 
sexually pure marriage partner. One 
who practices promiscuity before 
marriage cheats someone of a sexually 
pure future marriage partner. 

These commands are not given in a 
vacuum, but they are accompanied by 
the reasons why God expects proper 
behavior. The first reason is that God 
is the avenger. God is not mocked. 
That which some young people think 
they are getting away with, God sees. 
Second, God says that He has not 
called us for impurity, but in sanctifi- 
cation. God did not save us in order to 
to allow us to sin more freely, but in 
order for us to be able to demonstrate 
to the world the abundance of a holy 
life. Third, the seriousness of this topic 
is reflected by the warning that these 
commands come from God, not man. 
What man thinks does not matter; God 
says we are to be pure. 

Characteristically Paul blends his 
strong warning with an affectionate re- 
minder of the extremely serious nature 
of this topic: "Brethren, we request 
and exhort you." To please God, to do 
God's will, Paul urges us to keep our- 
selves pure in order that we may excel 
still more in our Christian life. 

Mr. Andrews, dean 
of men and part-time 
instructor in the 
division of Biblical 
studies, is a 1967 gradu- 
■'^'^'^^ ate of Bryan. , He holds 

ttSl^^^ the M.Div. degree from 
^w^^H Trinity Evangelical 
Divinity School and the M.A. degree in col- 
lege student personnel services from 
Temiessee Technological University and is 
currently working on a doctoral program at 
the University of Tennessee at Knoxville. He 
is married to the former Lillian Seera '67. 

•ALL 1976 

A Personal Declaratioi 

Freedom is a precious quality of life. Freedom is a 
distinctive mark of the Christian. In Christ we have been set 
free from the law of sin and death. In Christ we have come 
into the glorious liberty of the sons of God. However, many 
Christians are living in bondage— bondage found in people 
pressure. Christians, singularly and in groups, easOy confuse 
convictions with prejudices and preferences and arrange 
them in a well-ordered system of procedures as though they 
had been thundered from Mt. Sinai. Consequently, 
Christians are often guUty of attempting to press others 
into their mold. That usually means joining the fellowship 
of the miserable. In the light of such pressure, we must 
make our Declaration of Independence in Jesus Christ. To 
do so is Biblical. 


I Corinthians 9 is a unique chapter in the Scripture. In it 
is contained the Apostle Paul's Declaration of Indepen- 
dence. He did not declare his political freedom. He took his 
stand for personal freedom as it relates to people pressure. 
The principle is stated in verse 1: "Am I not free?" The 
original Greek of the New Testament demands a resounding 
"Yes, I'm free." In the following verses he speaks six times 
of his rights as a Christian, concluding with the sweeping 
statement of verse 19: "I am free from all men." The 
underlying principle in Paul's life as related to other people 
was his freedom. No persons, no groups could press him 
into their mold. Neither did the Apostle turn his back on 
any because they were not the kind of folks he felt com- 
fortable around. He had learned the marvelous freedom in 
Christ to be himself as God was molding him into His 
image, rather than letting people remake him in their image 
and likeness. 

Many Christians succumb to the pressure to fit a mold. 
Institutions fall in line with certain groups following pre- 
scribed witnessing methods, church procedures, standards 
of behavior and dress— not all of which are supportable by 
Scripture. Sadly, Christians outside these clearly defined 
molds are viewed as second-class citizens spiritually, if not 
suspected of being apostate. Paul would have rejected such 
a mentality. 

While declaring his freedom, Paul also revealed the over- 
riding motivation of his life. "For though I am free from all 
men, I have made myself a slave to all, that I might win the 
more." He is, in a word, revealing that he had the heart of a 
servant and was wOling to become a slave for the Lord's 
sake in order to reach all men with the Gospel of Christ. No 
group of people turned him off. No type of individual re- 
pulsed him. A part of his freedom in Christ was the ability 
to accept people as they were, not as he wished them to be. 

Paul did not live in a holy huddle of sweet saints. His 
was the real world, full of every type of person imaginable. 
In verses 19-23 he describes for us the people who made up 
the world he was trying to reach for Christ. 

There were the Jews, his own people. "And to the Jews 
I became as a Jew, that I might win Jews." What were they 
like? The Jews in Paul's day were 

1) LEGALISTIC. Their system of do's and don't's was 
well prescribed and deadening spiritually. The system 
was of greater importance than the substance of the 

2) TRADITIONALISTIC. Jesus scathed the religious 
leaders for teaching as the doctrine of God the 
traditions of men. Their tradition was more impor- 
tant than the truth of God. We have such folks 
today. Every service must begin with the Doxology, 
followed by a sevenfold Amen. Stained glass win- 
dows assume the aura of divinity, a far cry from the 
simplicity of the worship of those early believers. 

3) SELF-RIGHTEOUS. The Jews in Paul's day 
measured themselves by themselves and concluded 
they were righteous, needing nothing spiritually. 

4) BIGOTS. Cultural, racial, religious, and personal 
bigotry is not new in our day. It dogged the steps of 
Paul throughout his hfe. The Jews in Paul's day 
would have made most of us sit in the back of their 
city bus. 

5) HYPOCRITES. Someone has defined a hypocrite as a 
man who is not himself on Sunday. In Paul's day it 
would be a man who was not himself on the Sabbath. 
Professing godliness, but possessing emptiness, they 
played the spiritual game of outward show to be seen 
of men. 

It is of these people the Apostle Paul said, "If I could, I 
would go to Hell for these my kinsmen according to the 
flesh" (Romans 9:3). The Jews of Paul's day did not turn 
him off; they drove him to his knees as he sought to win 
them to Jesus Christ. 

The second group of people Paul dealt with are termed 
those without law. He is referring to the Gentiles. Paul was 
never shaken by extremes. He felt equally at ease with his 
legalistic, tradition-bound, self-righteous, bigoted, hypo- 
critical kinsmen as he did with the lawless Gentiles. This 
was the "do-your-own-thing" crowd. Paul did not raise his 
hands in holy horror over their conduct, nor did he draw 
his righteous robes around him lest he in some measure be 
contaminated by their non-Christian actions. We should 
never be surprised at the world acting like the world. It can 
really do no other. One of the dangers the Christian world 


)f Independence 

by Mickey Park 

today faces is isolationism. I heard of a Christian who 
proudly said to another, "I've never had an unsaved man in 
my house." There has to be something wrong with that. 
The Scripture clearly teaches it is the sinning, godless world 
that Jesus came to seek and save. Without assuming the sin 
of the world, we must, like Paul, reach that world with the 

The third group of people Paul declared his indepen- 
dence of and yet to whom he was a servant were those he 
termed the weak. "To the weak I became weak, that I 
might win the weak." As far as I understand the New 
Testament, the strongest Christian in that early church era 
was none other than the Apostle Paul. For whatever rea- 
sons, the New Testament era possessed an abundance of 
weak, immature Christians. Weak, immature Christians tend 
to be judgmental, critical, vacillating, and given to 
scrutinizing the actions of others with a jaundiced eye. 
Paul's ministry was constantly under fire, usually from 
weaker Christians, who questioned his authority, his mes- 
sage, his right to speak with conviction. But these weaker 
Christians did not upset him. "Owe no man anything but to 
love one another" is a command of the Word of God. Paul 
paid that debt even to these weaker believers, whose 
pressure on Paul was enough to make most of us reject 

Regardless of the type of person with whom Paul was 
dealing, the overriding motivation of his life dominated 
him: "that I might by all means save some." 


Only freedom in Jesus Christ can give us insight into the 
responsibility we have as Christians to be a servant to all 
while at the same time being free from all men. 

Such a lifestyle does not come easily. It is not natural to 
be free from all men and yet be a servant of all; it is 
supernatural. To permit God to effect such in our lives 
demands certain attitudes. These necessary attitudes are 
spelled out for us in verses 24-27. 

First of all, it requires determination. Paul speaks of 
running the race of life to win the prize. "Run in such a 
way that you may win." Determination keeps us from giv- 
ing up too soon. The Christian life is not a 100-yard dash; it 
is an endurance race. Longsuffering toward people is a rare 
quality in Christian circles. We must determine before God 
that we will be nothing less than free from all. but at the 
same time the servant of all, for the Gospel's sake. 

Second, such a lifestyle demands discipline. "And 
everyone who competes in the games exercises self-control 
in all things." In verse 27 Paul speaks of buffeting his body, 

or self-control, which is necessary. I have no doubt that 
everything in Paul screamed out against being a servant to 
all. As a pastor, I have problems with certain passages of 
Scripture, such as II Timothy 2:24. There I am commanded 
as a servant of God to be gentle to all men. It takes dis- 
cipline to be gentle with a member of your flock who has 
violated the clear teaching of the Word of God, who has 
rejected your counsel, and yet comes to you in desperation, 
usually with the same old problem. Gentleness comes hard 
in such cases, yet it must for the Gospel's sake. 

Third, such a lifestyle takes dwce;77??je«f— understand- 
ing the real issues. Paul refers to running with a goal in 
mind. He knew his purposes, his direction of life. He did 
not run his race aimlessly. During my Bryan College days I 
went out for track one year, and only one year. I dis- 
covered I was built for comfort, not for speed. At a tri- 
angular meet at Emory University, I entered the 220-yard 
dash when one of the regular dash men dropped out. My 
problem was not aiming for the finish line. I knew where it 
was; it just took me too long to get there. 

Discernment that gives direction to your life is a 
necessary attitude to be free from all men and yet a servant 
to all. That discernment determines what the real issues are. 
We are not those who are beating the air (v.26). We must 
discern the eternal issues of life and death. An older 
Christian, taught in the Scripture and experienced in living 
with the Lord, commented to me about a truly spiritual 
man in our church, "He is such a man of God; if only he 
didn't have that beard." Discernment of the real issues is 
necessary if we are to live in the freedom we have in Christ 
to reach our world with the Gospel. 

People do not make you or break you; they expose you. 
The world (people) exposed the heart of God to be un- 
fathomable love. Our freedom in Christ as it relates to peo- 
ple is not just the right to do what we want to do; our 
freedom in Christ includes the power to do what we ought 
to do. For the Gospel's sake, we ought to be free from all 
men— no one turns us off. For the Gospel's sake, we ought 
to be the servant of all men— to win them to Christ. 

Mr. Park '5 5 is pastor of Shades 
Mountain Bible Church, Birmingham, Ala. 
He earned the Th.M degree at Dallas Theo- 
logical Seminary in 1960. He and his wife, 
the former Martha King '57, are parents of 
five children. This printed message is one of 
five sermons given by Mr. Park at the 1976 
summer Bible conference at Bryan. 

FALL 1976 

Giving While Living 

Shown above are Bemyce and Mercer Clementson "at 
home" in a characteristic setting, Mr. Clementson enjoy- 
ing his newspaper and Mrs. Clementson watering the 
flowers. Named Bennerpoint Lodge in a play on their 
first names and from its location at the point of faculty 
circle, their home was built as a gift to the college under 
a life-temire plan. 

In the summer of 1972, Mr. and Mrs. Mercer 
Clementson moved to Dayton and became a part of the 
Bryan College family. Mrs. Qementson states, "Our 
building a home here on Bryan campus was an answer to 
prayer. We were both retired, and it was time for us to be 
relieved of the care of our Chattanooga property. We want- 
ed to be free to pursue our hobby of traveUng, and we also 
wanted to have a home to come back to in a community of 
Christian fellowship." Mr. Qementson explains, "It had 
been a dream of mine to live out our days on the campus of 
a small coUege and on our death for the property to go to 
the college. A big part of our dream was the enrichment 
that comes from living in an intellectual, spiritual, and col- 
legiate atmosphere. The opportunity to hear outstanding 
Christian speakers was a major consideration with us." 

Mr. Clementson, now in his 82nd year, first became 
acquainted with the name of William Jennings Bryan in 
rural Meigs county, Tennessee, when his mother read to 
him as a pre-school child from Mr. Bryan's nationally circu- 
lated paper. The Commoner. He also recalls with pleasure 
hearing W. J. Bryan speak in Chattanooga in 1915 on the 
subject "The Value of a Soul." As his custom was on oc- 
casion, Mr. Bryan had allowed his audience to decide 
whether he should make a political address or speak on a 
religious topic. That was in the day before public address 
s>'stems, but Mr. Clementson recalls that every word could 
be heard distinctly. Mr. Clementson also heard Mr. Bryan 
speak in Dayton in July 1925 at the Southern (now First 
United) Methodist Church, where he had been advertised to 
teach Sunday school. Riding a tram from Chattanooga, Mr. 
Clementson arrived to find the church crowded out, people 
in the windows, and others in the yard outside. 

The Clementsons, now in their fifth year here, have 
become involved in community and college affairs and have 
made a wide circle of friends. "We have realized fully our 
dream in the years we have been here," Mr. and Mrs. 
Clementson say. 

For additional information on gifts of real estate with retained life interest and other 
lifetime income plans, write for your free copy of Giving Tfirougti Life Income Plans. 

Please send me a copy of Giving Through Life Income Plans. 


Miss First name 

Middle Initial 

Last name 





Bryan College 
Dayton, TN. 37321 




Dr. Richard Sewne and Dr. Theodore Mercer 

Dr. Richard Seume. chaplain at 
Dallas (Texas) Theological Seminari^ 
I introduced his four-sermon series at 
the Bryan Spiritual Life Conference, 
August 25-27, with a question, "Are 
you a gimper"!" He illustrated the 
meaning of girnper by the life of 
Jabez. who was "more honorable than 
his brethren" (I Chronicles 4:9). The 
term gimper. Dr. Seume stated, was 
borrowed from Dr. DeHaan, who in 
his Daily Bread pamphlet referred to a 
gimper as "one who excels or does 
more than others." Dr. Seume sup- 
ported his theme with an exhortation 
from Matthew 5:47, "What do you 
more than others?" and an illustration 
from the Samaritan who befriended a 
wounded stranger and took him to an 
inn where he promised ""whatever thou 
spendest more I wiU repay" (Luke 
10:35). Dr. Seume challenged the 
student body at the beginning of a 
new school year to do more— to be a 
gimper in sers'ing God in all the activi- 
ties at the college. 

Well known at Br>'an for his helpful 
ministries in the past. Dr. Seume has 
spoken to conferences throughout the 
United States, Canada, Central 
America, Europe, and Africa. He is 
author of Shoes for the Road and 
numerous articles in Christian periodi- 
cals. He holds the B.A. degree from 
Wheaton College, the Th.M. from 
Dallas Seminan,-. and the D.D. from 

Dr. Seume, who was enthusiasti- 
cally received by the college commu- 
nity, fulfilled in a ver>" adequate way 
the purpose of the annual spiritual life 
meetings at the beginning of the 

school year in confronting the college 
family with the gospel of Jesus Christ 
and His claims on the individual 


.Mr. and Mrs. George Mercer 
Clemenison. II, whose retirement 
home is located on Faculty Circle, 
were honored at a reception celebrat- 
ing their fiftieth wedding anniversary' 
on Sunday afternoon and evening, 
August 15, at Rhea House, the official 
college residence, with President and 
Mrs. Mercer ser%'ing as hosts. 

A program of music, including 
selections sung at the Qementsons' 
wedding, was presented by Miss Linda 
Mclimish. of Broken Arrow, Okla. She 
was accompanied on the piano by Dr. 
J. James Greasby, professor of music 
at Br\'an. Nearly three hundred guests, 
representing nine states besides 
Tennessee, greeted the honorees. 

ii . ^ 

The Clementsons, who are both 
retired teachers, were residents of 
Chattanooga for forty-five years 
before moving to Dayton four years 
ago. In recognition of their whole- 
hearted involvement in the life of the 
college community, the alumni have 
bestowed upon them honorary mem- 
bership in the Biyan .Alumni .Associa- 


L. Donald Hill, chairman of the di- 
vision of education and psychology', 
received the Ph.D. degree with a major 
in school psychology from Union 
Graduate School, Yellow Springs, 
Ohio, on September 9. UGS is the 
graduate level division of the Union 
for Experimenting Colleges and Uni- 
versities and was established in 1969 as 

a result of the Union's involvement in 
developing alternative forms of higher 
education. One of these developments 
has been the inauguration of a .non- 
traditional, noncampus graduate pro- 
gram leading to the Ph.D. degree. The 
title of Mr. HHi's dissertation is "The 
Need for Child-centered Program 
Planning with the Learning Disabled." 
His study has been supported through 
the sabbatical program of the college. 
Mr. HUl has a total of twelve years of 
full-time service at the college, 
1959-66 and 1971 to the present. 

Dr. John C. Anderson, professor of 
ancient languages, was one of the 
teachers of adults at the Bible Memor>' 
.Association's Miracle Camp in 
Cleveland. Ga.. July 12-17. 

Robert .\ndrews, dean of men and 
assistant professor of Greek, was 
speaker to high-school-age campers at 
the Lake Forest Ranch in Macon, 
Miss., July 17-23. The camp is 
operated by Richard Barge, father of 
Becky Barge '76. 

Miss Ruth Kantzer, associate 
professor of English, will serve this 
year as chairman of the division of 
literature and modern languages and as 
head of the department of Enghsh and 

FALL 1976 


Dr. Brian C. Richardson, associate 
professor of Christian education, was 
speaker for the Christian Life Con- 
ference at Graham Bible College, 
Bristol, Tenn., September 7-10. During 
the summer Dr. Richardson prepared a 
script and workbook to accompany a 
new fOmstrip presentation on new- 
church-member orientation being pro- 
duced by the Baptist Sunday School 
Board, Nashville, Tenn. 

Miss Rachel Ross, assistant pro- 
fessor of speech, attended the 
Christian Drama Seminar in Houston, 
Texas, July 30 and 31, where she 
shared the private viewing of a new 
film, "Corrie-Behind the Scenes at 
The Hiding Place. " 

Dr. Richard Cornelius, professor of 
English on sabbatical leave for the first 
semester, left for Cambridge, England, 
on August 8, with his wife. Donna, 
and their children, Craig and Crista. 
Dr. Cornelius will do independent 
study, research, and writing at Tyndale 
House, a residential library for Biblical 
research. The Cornelius children will 
attend a British school. The family 
expects to return home about 
December 22. 



David L. Wolfe was appointed to 
the faculty for 1976-77 as instructor 
in mathematics to replace Lloyd J. 
Matthes, who resigned. A 1973 honor 
graduate of Bryan, Mr. Wolfe earned 
the M.A. degree in mathematics at the 
University of Tennessee at Knoxville 
in 1975. He is married to the former 
Karen Brodsky, a 1974 Bryan graduate 
who is the daughter of Bryan trustee 
Morris Brodsky and Mrs. Brodsky, of 
Fincastle, Va. 

A member of both the track team 
and cross-country team as a student at 
Bryan, Wolfe set several new course 
records here and elsewhere, besides 
finishing first in the state 
cross-country meet in his senior year. 
Chosen most valuable athlete for his 
leadership and accomplishment in two 
sports, he also was selected for listing 
in Who's Who Among Students in 
American Universities and Colleges. He 
was a member of the Student Senate, 
president of Missions in Action, and 
one of four students chosen to speak 
at graduation in 1973. 

Miss Cynthia Chrisfield, formerly 
of Spencer, New York, has joined the 
staff of the personnel department as 
secretary to the dean of students. The 
niece of Mrs. Dorothy Seera, wife of 
Director of Student Recruitment E. 
Walter Seera, she was for the past five 
years a civil service stenographer in 
Ithaca, New York. 

Mrs. Inez C. Neumann has been 
employed as a secretary for the 
institutional planning, evaluation, and 
research project sponsored by the 
Council for the Advancement of Small 
Colleges, in which Bryan is partici- 
pating along with 55 other colleges. 
Mrs. Neumann's husband, Don, is a 
sophomore. They are parents of 
Sandra '75. 

Dale E. Linebaugh, a senior major- 
ing in psychology, has replaced James 
Hughson in the financial aid office as a 
counselor and student-work co- 
ordinator. A former pastor, evangelist, 
and Bible camp director, he lives in 
Dayton with his wife. Opal. Their 
daughter. Melodic, was school nurse in 

Robert L. McCarron, a former 
missionary-educator, was appointed 
assistant professor of English to fill the 
position held last year by Bryan 
Shelley '71, who has returned to 
graduate study. 

After graduating from Moody Bible 
Institute in 1956, Mr. McCarron earn- 
ed the B.A. degree in literature from 
Wheaton (lU.) College in 1958. He re- 
ceived the M.A. degree in the teaching 

of English from Western Michigan Uni- 
versity in 1960 and is now in the final 
stages of his Ph.D. program in English 
at Indiana University. 

From 1962 to 1971 Mr. McCarron 
was a missionary in Monrovia, Liberia, 
serving with the Sudan Interior 
Mission as educational director for the 
mission school there. He also served as 
chaplain to the First Infantry 
Battalion of the Liberian National 
Guard from 1963-66. He wrote, pro- 
duced, and broadcast a weekly musical 
program over the missionary radio 
station ELWA and taught Bible classes 
at Monrovia Bible Institute. Mr. 
McCarron and his wife, Maureen, have 
a fourteen-year-old daughter, Pamela. 

Miss Betty Ann Brynoff came as in- 
structor in English for the first 
semester during the absence of Dr. 
Cornelius on sabbatical leave. Recently 
employed by the Union College En- 
vironmental Education Center, 
Middlesboro, Ky., Miss Brynoff 
formerly taught English and journal- 
ism at Good Shepherd School, Addis 
Ababa, Ethiopia. Prior to graduating 
from Wheaton College in 1963, she at- 
tended Rocky Mountain Bible In- 
stitute, was field representative for 
Pioneer Girls' Clubs for two years, 
church secretary and parish worker for 
two years, and spent several summers 
in youth camps as counselor and di- 
rector. This summer she completed re- 
quirements for the M.A. degree in Eng- 
lish at Kent State University in Ohio. 

Miss Miriam Sailers, a former 
assistant in counseling services, 
assumed new responsibilities as head 
resident at Huston Hall, a women's 
dormitory. She will continue her 
teaching responsibilities as instructor 
in the education-psychology depart- 

James E. Hughson, formerly 
veterans' counselor and student-work 
coordinator, is now serving as assistant 
to the dean of students and head 
resident of Bryan Village. 



Miss Zelpha Russell, director of ad- 
missions, visited Bermuda May 7-! 8. 
She was tlie guest of Mr. and Mrs. 
Daniel Moniz, parents of David, who is 
returning to Bryan this year as a 
sophomore. She also visited in the 

home of Mr. and Mrs. Joe Da Costa, 
whose son, Roger, is a new freshman. 
While in Bermuda, Miss Russell attend- 
ed a missionary conference at the 
Evangelical Church where Rev. and 
Mrs. Jack Shalanko were speakers. The 
Shalankos are missionaries in Ecuador 
with Radio Station HCJB. Their son, 
John, will be a senior at Bryan this 

Dr. John B. Bartlett, vice president 
and academic dean, led his eleventh 
tour to Europe June 15-July 5, visiting 
England, France, Switzerland, and 
Italy. He was accompanied by 16 
members in his tour party, including 
Candy Durham, Mary Lane, Sherri 
West, and Paula Purser, all Bryan stu- 
dents; William Ketchersid, associate 
professor of history; Carol Purser and 
Mark Huston, both of Dayton; and 
Ruth Brock, alumna of Spring City. 

Kermit Zopfi, dean of students, 
Miss Karin deRosset, dean of women, 
and Robert D. Andrews, dean of men, 
took part in a national dean's con- 
ference and workshop at Philadelphia 
College of Bible, June 6-10. The re- 
ligious, social, and political trends of 
today as they affect the work of 
Christian colleges were topics of study. 

Four Bryan administrators— Dr. 
Theodore C. Mercer, president; Mrs. 
Mayme Bedford, dean of counseling 
services; Vern Archer, treasurer; and 
Carlos Carter, business manager— atten- 
ded the 21st national institute of the 

Council for the Advancement of Small 
Colleges (CASC) held in Washington, 
D.C., June 13-17. The objective of the 
institute was to examine the federal 
aid program and federal regulations as 
they apply to the small private college. 

Dr. J. James Greasby, professor of 
music, attended the American Guild of 
Organists' annual national convention 
in Boston, Mass., June 20-28. He also 
was accompanist for the Chattanooga 
Boys' Choir on its bicentennial tour 
this summer. 

Dr. Ralph B. Paisley, associate 
professor of biology, and Dr. Merlin D. 
Grieser, assistant professor of 
chemistry, participated in a summer 
study program at Oak Ridge, 
Tennessee, conducted by the Special 
Training Division of Oak Ridge 
Associated Universities. Dr. Paisley 
studied the biological applications of 
radiation, and Dr. Grieser studied 
energy sources for the future. A 
stipend was provided by ORAU for 
the participants in this faculty 

Dr. Paisley also attended the annual 
meeting of the American Scientific 
Affiliation held August 20-23 at 
Wheaton (Illinois) College. 


Fall enrollment is at 603 according 
to the total head count on census day. 
Of this number 557 are full-time 
students and 46 are part-time with a 
full-time equivalent of 571. Applica- 
tions for new students for the current 
year are the same as last year, but the 
net enrollment for first semester shows 
a 4.7% drop from a year ago. AH col- 
lege dormitory housing facilities, 
however, are full. 

. . .an important factor influencing 3^our 
life at a Christian college. For spiritual 
support and encouragement, for prayer 
times and academic challenge, j^ou look 
toyourfriendsforfhataddedhelp. Bryan 
attracts the kind of student who is 
seeking an involvement in a close 
Christian community. 


Just another one of our strong points*** 

X Director of Admissions 

Dai.'ton, Tennessee 37321 
Please send me more infonnation: 

Write and find out about our others 

• Practical Christian Involvement 

• Accredited Academic Program 

• Inter-coUegiate Sports 

• Pre -professional Studies 

• Beautiful Hilltop Campus 

above all 



City, State, Zip_ 
lyP Phone (Area) 


Year you will enter Biyaii_ 

□ Freshman 
- □ Transfer 

FALL 1976 




Despite the loss of eight seniors 
from last season's National Christian 
College Athletic Association 
championship team, head soccer coach 
John Reeser is optimistic for the Lions 
in the current season. 

Several new recruits (both fresh- 
men and transfers) fill the positions 
vacated by players who were gradu- 
ated; but because of Bryan's loss of a 
goalie, two fullbacks, and a sweeper, 
the defense needs rebuilding. The 
offensive line returns intact, and 
Reeser is counting on good goal pro- 
duction from them. 

A highlight of the year was the sea- 
son-opening Bryan Invitational Tour- 
nament, the first invitational soccer 
tourney the Lions have ever hosted. 

Three nearby powerhouses— Covenant, 
Temple, and Tennessee Wesley an— gave 
the tournament added interest. The 
University of Tennessee is this fall's 
Homecoming opponent on October 2. 


Student coach Don Hewlett begins 
his second season as leader of the 
Lionette volleyball squad. In leading 
his team to a second-place finish in last 
year's conference championship tour- 
nament, Hewlett was named Co-SCAC 
Coach of the Year. A strong returning 
nucleus combines with new students 
to bolster the team's position as a 
contender for the conference title. The 
Lionettes opened their campaign with 
a tri-match against the University of 
Tennessee at Chattanooga and 
Covenant on September 21. Bryan will 
also participate in the Covenant Invita- 
tional on November 5, 6. 


In the first four contests of 
the season Bryan Lions recorded 
three wins and one loss. The 
cross-country team continued its 
winning ways from last year by 
defeating Covenant College 
22-36 in the opening run of the 
season and by gaining an even 
stronger victory over University 
of Tennessee-Chattanooga 19-41 
in its second meet. 

The soccer Lions defeated 
Tennessee Wesleyan College- of 
Athens 3-0 in the opening game 
of the Bryan Soccer Invitational 
but lost a hard-fought game to 
Covenant 1-0. Covenant had 
defeated Tennessee Temple 4-0 
in its first game; Temple won the 
consolation game over Wesleyan 


Bryan is depending on the 
triumvirate of Mike Wood, Eric Clarke, 
and Tommy Lane to fill the void left 
by two runners lost by graduation— 
number-one man, Tom Potter, and 
number-five man, Chris Hatten. 

Jeff Tubbs, who coached cross 
country two years ago when Coach 
Jake Matthes was on leave and now 
replaces him, has many new freshmen 
adding their talents to the 1976 squad. 

The cross-country Lions will be 
defending both their National 
Christian College championship and 
their Southern Christian Athletic Con- 
ference title, the latter having been 
won for the past two seasons. The 
season opened at Covenant on Septem- 
ber II; the NCCAA meet, the final 
event of the season, will be held on 
November 13 in Winona Lake, Ind. 


Lloyd J. Matthes '59 resigned in 
June as associate professor of 
mathematics and cross-country coach, 
a position he has held since 1967. He 
has accepted a similar position at 
Liberty Baptist College, Lynchburg, 
Va. His wife, Sandy (Schmickl) '72, 
will be instructor of music theory and 
organ at Liberty. 

Mr. Matthes had coached track and 
cross country at Bryan for nine 
seasons and had produced consistently 
winning teams. In 1968 his cross- 
country squad won the Tennessee In- 
tercollegiate State Championship. 

When cross country became a 
Southern Christian Athletic Con- 
ference sport in 1973, the Lions began 
to dominate under Matthes' 
leadership. For the last two years, 
Bryan was undefeated in league com- 
petition and Matthes was named SCAC 
Coach of the Year both seasons. He 
capped off his accomplishments last 
November when his runners won the 
National Christian College Athletic 
Association championship. It was the 
first national title Bryan had ever won 
and Matthes was voted NCCAA Coach 
of the Year. 

Many smaller championships were 
achieved by Bryan in both cross 
country and track under Matthes' di- 
rection throughout the nine seasons he 
was at the school. 

Bryan athletics is losing not only a 
first-class coach this fall but also an 
excellent person, whose testimony for 
the Lord has influenced many indivi- 








University of Tennessee 












Tennessee Wesleyan 




University of Alabama- 





Tennessee Temple 




Toccoa Falls 




Maryville J.V.'s 




Tennessee Intercollegiate 

Soccer Tourney 




NCCAA District 





NCCAA Regional 





NCCAA National 




Nov. 15 
Nov. 19 
Nov. 22 
Nov. 25-27 
Nov. 29 

Dec. 4 
Dec. 10 
Dec. 17-18 
Jan. 8 
Jan. 10 
Jan. 13 
Jan. 15 
Jan. 18 
Jan. 25 
Jan. 29 
Jan. 31 
Feb. 5 
Feb. 7 
Feb. 14 
Feb. 18 
Feb. 19 
Feb. 21 
Feb. 25-26 

Nov. 18 
Nov. 20 
Nov. 22 
Nov. 29 
Dec. 3^ 

Dec. 7 
Jan. 8 
Jan. 11 
Jan. 15 
Jan. 21 
Jan. 22 

Jan. 25 
Jan. 28 

Feb. 1 
Feb. 3 
Feb. 5 
Feb. 11 
Feb. 12 
Feb. 14 
Feb. 19 
Feb. 21 

Johnson Bible H 

King A 

Tennessee Wesleyan H 

Grace College Invit. A 

Sewanee A 

Maryville A 

King H 

Miami Christian Invit. A 

Tennessee Wesleyan A 

MilUgan H 

MaryvLUe H 

Tenn. Temple A 

Trevecca H 

Covenant A 

Lee A 

Johnson Bible A 

Tenn. Temple H 

Milligan A 

Sewanee H 

Trevecca A 

Covenant H 

Lee H 

SCAC Tournament A 


Chattanooga State A 

Georgia Tech. H 

Roane State A 

Sewanee A 
Bryan Christmas Tourney H 

(Milligan, Roane St., 


Chattanooga State H 

Tennessee Wesleyan A 

Maryville H 

Tenn. Temple A 

Warren Wilson A 
North Carolina - 

Asheville A 

Covenant A 

Warren Wilson H 

MaryvUle A 

Clearwater Christian H 

Tenn. Temple H 

Atlanta Christian A 

Georgia Tech. A 

Sewanee H 

Covenant H 

Lincoln Memorial H 

Bill Pearce, noted Christian bari- 
tone soloist and trombonist, delighted 
the student and faculty audience in 
the opening Student Union concert for 
the year when he appeared on the plat- 
form of the new Rudd Chapel early in 
September. His first section was 
accompanied by Charlie Loshbough, 
senior music major, and the later num- 
bers were accompanied by recorded 
background music which supplied the 
contemporary sound of guitar and or- 
chestral arrangements. His selections 
included "God Is So Wonderful," 
■'There's No Friend to Me Like Jesus," 
and "Joshua Fit the Battle of Jericho," 
which had very dramatic sound effects 
in the accompaniment to his trombone 

Among other performances in the 
Student Union series this year are 
Lamb, a Jewish Christian singing 
group, on October 22; Dino, pianist, 
November 19; and Honeytree, guitarist 
and soloist, January 14. 


The 1976-77 Bryan CoUege Con- 
cert Series to be presented in the 
attractive auditorium of the new Rudd 
Memorial Chapel wall feature five out- 
standing musical performances by 
top-rate classical artists or groups of 

The schedule is as fol- 
Oct. 21 -Robert Regal, 

bass-baritone soloist 
Nov. 4— Mario Abril, gui- 
Feb. 8-Chattanooga 
Opera Association in 
Rossini's Barber of 
Seville in joint spon- 
sorship with Rhea Crea- 
tive Arts 
Feb. 24 — Chattanooga 

Boys' Choir 
Mar. 24-Allison Nelson, 
concert pianist 
A social hour after each concert in 
the form of a dessert buffet will be 
featured in the Brock Bicentennial 
Hall with admission by a special des- 
sert ticket. 

Season tickets for the five concerts 
are $10 for adults and $5 for students. 
Children under 12 accompanied by an 
adult are admitted free. Tickets for in- 
dividual performances are $3 for 
adults and $2 for students. 

Community participation in atten- 
dance at these concerts is being pro- 
moted by the public relations depart- 
ment to share the opportunity to hear 
well-known musicians in a small com- 
munity setting. 




October 11-13 

9:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. 

Rudd Memorial Chapel 


Speaker: DR. ROY B. ZUCK 

Assistant Academic Dean 


Assistant Professor of Bible Exposition 

Dallas Theological Seminary 

Sponsored by the Biblical Studies Division of Bryan College 

;ij'' ■ '■ ■■'■i,;:::' ■::r' ■•■■ ' '■■;;;:::::-::P'' -.■'■';;:';::''::!!'■ -'"■■in:::'':!''' -:'-'-;;i::':'-::i"' •• ■''■;:;::::' ::r .^'sZ''t -■ 'si:::: ■:;i" ■■-'■''sHiS 

'FALL 1976 




>^ $125,000 



Rhea County/ 

Advisory Committee 






Earned interest 




$ 71,000 

S 52,000 















$901,000 $721,000 




W-J^ -^ 










Editorial Office, William Jennings 

Bryan College, Dayton, Tennessee 

37321. Publishing Office, Cross 

Roads Publications, Inc., 2751 

Buford Highway, N.E., Suite 720, 

Atlanta, Georgia 30324, 


Dr. Theodore C. Mercer. 


Robert C. Hill, EDITOR 

John Weyant, MANAGING 


Shirley Holmes, CIRCULATION 


Steve Lester, ART DIRECTOR 

Consulting Editors: Dr. John 
Bartlett, Larry Levenger, Rebecca 
Peck, and Charles Robinson. 

Copy Editors: 

Rebecca Peck. 

Alice Mercer and 

BRYAN LIFE is published four 
times annually by William Jen- 
nings Bryan College, Dayton, Ten- 
nessee. Produced and printed by 
Cross Roads Publications. Second 
class postage paid at Dayton, Ten- 
nessee, and other points. 

Copyright 1976 


William Jennings Bryan College 

Dayton, Tennessee 



Laurel Falls, captured in its 
winter glory, is a scenic highlight 
in the 710-acre Laurel-Snow 
Pocket Wilderness, which is the 
largest of Bowaters Southern 
Paper Corporation's pocket 
wilderness areas. The Laurel-Snow 
entrance is about three miles 
north of Dayton and three miles 
west of US Highway 27. 


Bible teacher and author Dr. 
Irving Jensen is shown in conver- 
sation with students. 

(Photo by Cunnyngham Studio, 
Dayton Tennessee.) 

Volume 2 

Winter 1976/1977 

Number 2 

THE HOPE OF AMERICA: In a day of declining moral values, youth with 3 

personal Christian convictions could turn the tide. By Roy J. Clark 


behind-the-scences view of TM reveals the fallacies of this rapidly growing 
religious fad and offers suggestions to offset its dangers. By Roy B. Zuck 


article in a two-part series offers solutions to the dilemma of being in 
bondage to unresolved financial obligations. By Larry Burkett 

EDUCATION FOR LIFE: Behind the Christian liberal arts education is an 8 

established philosophy and purpose designed to encourage the 
development of intellectual and communication skills through a broad 
knowledge of the arts and sciences. By Glen H. Liebig 

FROM THE CHRISTIAN COMMENTATOR: Two Christian commenta- 11 

tors strike sensitive chords on national political concerns and spiritual 
accountability. By Lewis Llewellyn and Charles Robinson. 

CAMPUS REVIEW: Honors, tributes, and faculty accomplishments high- 12 

light current report. 

SPORTS REVIEW: Fall season nets championships for both women and 14 


RUDD CHAPEL NEWS: Gift of organ brings into focus remaining funds 15 

needed by dedication. 

A Thought for the New Year 

For this first issue of the new year, I 
share the famous lines used by King 
George VI in his address to the British 
Empire for Christmas 1939 in those early 
dark days of World War IL Though we are 
not in a shooting war, our country stands 
in dire need of divine guidance at this 
hour. The dominant characteristics in 
every area of human society worldwide 

are ominous. The sentiment expressed in these lines is my prayer for myself and for 

the Bryan community, as well as for our country: 

/ said to the man who stood at the gate of the year: "Give me a light 
that I may tread safely into the unknown." And he replied: "Go out 
into the darkness and put your hand into the hand of God. That shall 
be to you better than light and safer than a known way. " 

—from "God Knows," 1908, by Minnie Louise Haskins 

Theodore C. Mercer 


The Hope 


by Roy J. Clark 

Our bicentennial year has been for some Americans a 
time of thoughtful introspection and growing desire to do 
something to halt the moral decline in our nation. An in- 
creasing number of people are wondering what life will be 
like for their children and grandchildren. What is the hope 
of America for the future? 

I would suggest to you that the hope of America lies in 
the caliber and Christian character of its young people. 
Their training and development deserve our undivided at- 
tention. I find a very real parallel between the events 
recorded in the opening chapters of the book of Daniel and 
American society in the seventies. Daniel and some of his 
friends had been transported by their captors from the 
hallowed environment of Jerusalem to the secular surround- 
ings of Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar immediately began a 
"brainwashing" campaign with these choice young people. 
In an effort to get God out and Babylonian culture in, 
certain changes were prescribed-in the food they ate, the 
clothes they wore, the teaching they received, and the very 
names that identified them. For Daniel this dramatic 
change was geographical and was experienced in a matter of 

For our American society the change has been philo- 
sophical and theological and has taken us from the 
Christian frame of reference that was ours at the turn of the 
twentieth century to the humanism of the 1920s and 
1930s, and now to the secularism and nihihsm of our day. 
We are in the post-Christian era. We live in the secular city. 
There is a godlessness that is reflected in art, music, and 
literature. Daniel and his three friends-Shadrach, Meshach, 
and Abednego— found themselves in a similar secular 
society. What we need to see is what they did about it! 

First, there was the pressure to conform. J. B. Phillips 
translated Romans 12:2: "Don't let the world around you 
squeeze you into its own mould . . . ." And Daniel did not. 
Although he was ordered to dine from the delicacies of 
Nebuchadnezzar's table, he "purposed in his heart that he 
would not defile himself with the portion of the king's 
meat, nor with the wine which he drank . . ." (Daniel 1:8). 

Daniel and his young friends had an estabhshed set of 
spiritual convictions. Such convictions are valuable spiritual 
equipment these days. Instead of yielding and conforming, 

WINTER 1976/1977 

they had spiritual stamina to refuse. Think of the situation. 
They were a long way from home and could have reasoned, 
"Who wQl ever know?" What one does in a strange place 
where he is not known is a fairly good barometer of his 
spiritual Ufe. Daniel and his friends could have been 
frightened into conformity by fiery furnaces and dens of 
Uons. They were not. They could have been resentful about 
their captivity and surrendered in order to spite God. They 
did not! They might have desired to please their captors 
and save their Uves. But they were unmovable! 

Second, one discovers in this opening chapter in Daniel 
that these young people not only had personal convictions 
but they knew what God was doing in history. Throughout 
this book of Daniel, one can find the attempt through 
astrology and magic to umavel history. How it reminds us 
of the 1970s! There are vain attempts through horoscopes, 
prophets, and seances to find out what is happening. No 
one can read the handwriting on the wall. Daniel could! He 
knew God's program in history (see Daniel 2). In "all 
matters of wisdom and understanding," he was found to be 
"ten times better than all the magicians and astrologers" in 
the realm (Daniel 1:20). 

The hope of America lies in young people like Daniel. 
What greater need do we have than young people of 
Christian character equipped with personal convictions and 
aware of what God is doing in His universe? People will 
never discover the secrets of the future through dabbhng in 
the occult. They can find out through young people who 
know God's plan from God's Word. May we thank God for 
the contribution of Christian colleges that help to shape the 
thinking of our young people by giving them a truly 
Christian education. 

Mr. Clark '51 is pastor of the Immanuel 
Baptist Church of Fort Wayne, Indiana. He 
was pastor of the Bethlehem Baptist Church 
in Cleveland, Ohio, for 18 years and while 
there was founder of the Baptist Christian 
School and also vice president of the Cleve- 
land Hebrew Mission. He currently serves as 
a member of the Council of 12 for the 
Regular Baptist Churches of Indiana and of 
Bryan's National Advisory Council. Follow- 
ing his October visit to Bryan, Mi. Clark 
wrote the accompanying article. 

WHAT'S Wrong 


In 1959 a Hindu guru (teacher) by 
the name of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi 
came out of several years of recluse 
and meditative study in a cave in India 
and came to the Western world to 
teach Transcendental Meditation. In 
the 1960s, when he was back in India, 
he became popularized by a visit of 
the Beatles, who then took up TM and 
proclaimed him the savior of mankind. 

In the last several years his teach- 
ings have attracted many students on 
college and high-school campuses. But 
TM is no longer limited to the student 
world. Housewives, business execu- 
tives, scientists, surgeons, college pro- 
fessors, military officers, prisoners, 
and children are practicing Transcen- 
dental Meditation. 

What Is Transcendental Meditation? 

Transcendental Meditation (com- 
monly referred to as TM) is an easily 
learned meditation technique in which 
the person sits with his eyes closed for 
twenty minutes twice a day while 
thinking of a sound assigned to him by 
a TM teacher. 

This is probably one of the fastest 
growing movements in the United 
States and it certainly represents one 
of the greatest advances the Eastern 
world has ever made in the West. It is 
reported that 15,000 recruits are tak- 
ing up TM every month. Numerous 
organizations and businesses are 
recommending it to their employees, 
as something that is much like a Dale 
Carnegie course. Several state legisla- 
tures have passed resolutions recom- 
mending their citizens to practice TM. 
A total of seventeen research grants 
have been made by the United States 
government to help finance the teach- 
ing of TM in public schools. A course 
on the Science for Creative Intelli- 
gence (on TM) has been taught in 
numerous universities and high 

Why Has It Grown? 

Why have almost a milhon people 
taken up this meditative practice? Ac- 

by Roy B. Zuck 

cording to a sheet distributed at intro- 
ductory free public lectures introduc- 
ing TM, "Studies have indicated a wide 
range of benefits including improved 
health and interpersonal relationships, 
increased learning ability, better job 
performance, and reduced tension, 
anxiety, and depression." The claim is 
made that people who practice TM can 
have serenity without drugs and that 
TM "gives fuller meaning to all reh- 

Many people insist that TM has 
made a difference in their lives. For 
example. Major General Davis, former- 
ly of the U.S. Army War College, said 
that after he began meditating before 
breakfast and dinner his blood pres- 
sure came down ten points. A state 
senator remarked, "It's changed my 
life. I am more stable emotionally." 
Others have spoken of how it has given 
them additional energy and has en- 
abled them to get along better with 
people. The International Meditation 
Society makes much of the scientific 
research done on those involved in 
TM, seeking to prove in this way that 
TM "speeds up reaction time, indicat- 
ing increased alertness, improved co- 
ordination of mind and body, reduced 
dullness, and improved efficiency in 
perception and performance." How- 
ever, not all scientists are readily ac- 
cepting the validity of these findings. 
One such person is Gary E. Schwartz, 
of the Harvard Medical School (see the 
April, 1974, issue of Psychology To- 
day). A British neurophysiologist, 
Peter Fenwick, is another scientist 
who questions the vahdity of these 
scientific studies on TM (London 
Times, May 17, 1974). 

How Is Transcendental iVIeditation 

Seven steps are involved in be- 
ginning the practice of TM. The first 
two steps are two introductory lec- 
tures, made free to the public and ad- 
vertised in newspapers and on the 

radio. The first lecture emphasizes 
what TM is not and what TM does. 
The lecturer states that TM is not a 
religion, a philosophy, biofeedback, 
nor hypnotism, and does not involve 
drugs, a diet, exercises, or special 
equipment. Two benefits that are 
stressed are these: It helps maximize 
intellectual capacities, and it helps 
minimize stresses. The second lecture 
discusses the technique of TM. At the 
end of the second lecture those who 
are in attendance are encouraged to 
enroll for the next five steps. 

Step three is a personal interview 
with the teacher. Though it is called a 
personal interview, it also includes an 
initiation ceremony. Then steps four 
through seven are group sessions of 
about one and a half hours each in 
four consecutive days or evenings in 
order to help the recruits get started in 
the practice correctly. 

As the person comes for the per- 
sonal interview, he pays $125 if he is 
an adult ($200 for married couples), 
$65 if he is a college student, or $55 if 
he is a high-school student. The first 
two lectures are offered in TM centers 
known as "World Plan Centers." 

In addition to bringing the course 
fee at the time of the personal inter- 
view, the person is also asked to bring 
six flowers, two items of fruit, and one 
clean white handkerchief. Then in the 
initiation ceremony he is asked to re- 
move his shoes and kneel before a pic- 
ture of the Guru Dev, the now-dead 
Hindu teacher of the Maharishi 
Mahesh Yogi. The room is filled with 
incense and candles are burning. The 
recruit places the fruit and flowers on 
the handkerchief beneath the picture 
of the Guru Dev. Then the teacher be- 
gins chanting in Sanskrit what is called 
the puja, a song of thanksgiving. Fol- 
lowing the chanting, which takes 
about ten minutes, the teacher rises 
and looks at the initiate and tells him a 
Sanskrit word, which is his mantra. 
The recruit is then to pronounce the 


word; and then in his twice-a-day prac- 
tice of TM, he is to repeat the word 
silently over and over in order to cause 
his mind, as TM teachers put it, to 
float. He is not to reveal the mantra to 
anyone. The purpose of the medita- 
tion is to "reverse the thought process 
to more subtle levels of thought." 

How Should TM Be Evaluated? 

1. It is deceptive. 

Although TM teachers make much 
of the fact that TM is not a religion, 
the ceremony, which certainly takes 
on a religious flavor, is said to be 
"only an act of gratitude," and its pur- 
pose is "to maintain the purity of 
TM." However, in the lengthy 
chanting in Sanskrit (which the 
teachers must also memorize in Eng- 
lish, a fact which means that they 
know what they are chanting in 
Sanskrit) various gods are invoked (in- 
cluding Brahma, Vashishtha, and 
Shakti), many offerings are made to 
the dead Hindu teacher Guru Dev, and 
then Guru Dev is praised as having 
great glory and is referred to in these 
words: "The Unbounded, like the 
endless canopy of the sky, the omni- 
present in all creation . . . bliss of the 
Absolute, transcendental joy, the Self- 
Sufficient, the embodiment of pure 
knowledge which is beyond and above 
the universe like the sky . . . the One 
Eternal, Pure, Immovable . ..." A 
copy of this initiation ceremony 
chanting, called The Puja, can be ob- 
tained from the Spiritual Counterfeits 
Project, P. O. Box 4309, Berkeley, CA. 
94704, for ten cents. 

The very name "Yogi" in the name 
of the promoter of TM is strongly tied 
in with the Hindu rehgion. "Yogi" 
means "one who has attained to union 
with the impersonal god of Hindu- 
ism." The goal of Hinduism is that the 
soul or self, called the Atman, may 
unite with the Brahman, which is the 
All, Ultimate, the impersonal That. It 
is very evident that though Tran- 
scendental Meditation pretends not to 
be religious, it is in actuality very 
deeply religious. This amounts to in- 
tentional deception. 

2. It is dangerous 

A college student said that in his 
practice of TM he began to have 
"some scary experiences " and there- 
fore dropped the practice. The former 
meditator said that he "became aware 
of the presence of spirit beings" while 
meditating. A former TM meditator 
told a Christian in India the names of 
some of the mantras. The Christian 
quoted him as saying, "They are Om, 
Ham, Vam, Yam, Tham, Aeim, Hrim, 

Krom, Srim, Krim, etc. These are 
esoteric, secret spells, generally 
associated with magic." The Christian 
then explained that when the mantra 
is repeated in a mood of intense con- 
centration it produces a kind of 
hypnotic effect on the mind of the 
person meditating. A paper entitled 
"Transcendental Meditation and a 
Christian Response" (available for 
twenty-five cents from the Spiritual 
Counterfeits Project) cites the exper- 
ience of a former teacher of TM: "I 
had a vivid experience of demonic 
oppression while there, when in the 
night during sleep I awoke with a sense 
of fear and apprehension, as pressure 
was being put aU over my head and 
body by a spirit who was trying to 
enter my body. . . .Other supernatural 
experiences began to occur, such as 
clairvoyance, telepathy, and the be- 
ginnings of astral travel." This testi- 
mony and the testimony of others 
make it clear that the practice of TM 
places one's mind in a neutral, passive 
state, which is dangerous. 

3. It is diverse from Scripture. 

In his first book. Meditations of 
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, this Hindu 
teacher stated that "TM is a path to 
God" (p. 59). This, of course, is con- 
trary to the Scriptures, which teach 
that Jesus Christ is the only way to 
God (John 14:6; Acts 4:12; I Tim. 
2:5). In that same book (p. 95), the 
statement is made that TM is "a very 
good form of prayer, a most refined 
and a most powerful form of prayer." 

The encouragement to abandon 
consciously directed thoughts during 
the time of meditation is contrary to 
true biblical meditation, which is to be 
centered consciously on the Word of 
God, the works of God, and the ways 
of God (see, e.g., Ps. 119: 15, 27, 148). 
The encouragement to repeat a mantra 
is in direct violation to the instruction 
given by Christ himself in Matthew 
6:7: "When ye pray, use not vain 
repetitions, as the heathen do." 

Furthermore, the Maharishi 
Mahesh Yogi makes other statements 
that are in clear contradiction to the 
Scriptures: "I don't think Christ ever 
suffered or Christ could suffer." "TM 
will enable all men to find their god 
within themselves." "The answer to 
every problem is that there is no prob- 
lem." TM enables man to come "out 
of the field of sin" and become "a vir- 
tuous man." These and other state- 
ments make it very obvious that it is 
entirely wrong for TM teachers to say 
that Transcendental Meditation is 
"compatible to all rehgions." It is cer- 
tainly not compatible with 

What Can Be Done About TM? 

Christians should vigorously under- 
take the following several steps: 

1. Share this information on the 
deceptive, dangerous, and scripturally 
diverse nature of Transcendental Medi- 
tation. For further study consult these 
books; Meditation That Transcends, 
by Robert P. Lightner (Denver: D/P 
PubUcations, 1976, 95c) and What 
Everyone Should Know About Tran- 
scendental Meditation, by Gordon R. 
Lewis, (Glendale, Calif.: G/L Publica- 
tions, 1975, $1.45). 

2. Share the Gospel with those 
who are unsaved. It is not enough to 
divert them from Transcendental Med- 
itation; we must also give the positive 
message of salvation from sin. 

3. Pray that God will dissipate the 
enormous psychic power of Maharishi 
Mahesh Yogi. 

4. Be alert to and oppose any TM 
activity in your community, such as 
lectures in city meeting halls, the prac- 
tice of TM in public schools, or the 
promotion of TM by state or local 

5. Write to the Honorable James 
O. Eastland, chairman of the Com- 
mittee on the Judiciary, United States 
Senate, Washington, D.C. 20510, 
pointing out your disapproval of the 
Senate Resolution no. 64, which is a 
resolution being considered by the 
Committee for the purpose of estab- 
lishing the first full week of each 
November as World Plan Week. The re- 
solution itself is entitled, "A Resolu- 
tion to Increase Awareness of TM." 
Point out to Mr. Eastland that you 
oppose this resolution's becoming a 
bill because of the religious nature of 
TM and because the encouragement of 
TM by the federal government would 
violate the constitutional principle of 
the separation of church and state. 

Dr . Z u ck is 
assistant academic 
dean at Dallas Theo- 
logical Seminary 
and assistant pro- 
fessor of Bible ex- 
position, positions 
he has held since 
1975. His pro- 
fessional experience 
includes serving as a Teaching Fellow, Dallas 
Seminary (1957-59); editor of youth pro- 
grams, Scripture Press (1959-64); and execu- 
tive vice president Scripture Press Ministries 
(1965-73). He graduated with honor from 
Biola Bible College (1953) and with high 
honor from Dallas Theological Seminary 
(1957), which also conferred on him the 
Th.D. degree in 1961. Dr. Zuck's message 
on Transcendental Meditation was one of 
five lectures on the theme of the occult 
which he delivered at Bryan for the Staley 
Distinguished Christian Scholar Lecture 
Series on October 11-13. 

WINTER 1976/1977 


And WhatToDo About It? 

by Larry Burkett 


It is important for a Christian to be able to recognize 
financial bondage, but it is equally important to know how 
to achieve freedom. Financial freedom manifests itself in 
every aspect of the Christian's life— relief from worry and 
tension about overdue bills, a clear conscience before God 
and before other men and the absolute assurance that God 
is in control of his finances. 

This is not to say that a Christian's life will be totally 
void of any difficulties in the area of finances once he 
achieves freedom. Often God will allow the consequences 
of earlier actions to remain in order to reinforce the lesson; 
also God does not promise to remove every difficulty. But 
no matter what circumstances we encounter, God promises 
peace; thus the Christian's life can be totally void of worry. 

How can we achieve financial freedom? First, a transfer 
of ownership of every possession must be made to God. 
This means money, time, family, material possessions, edu- 
cation, even earning potential for the future. 

There is absolutely no substitute for this step. If we 
beheve that we ou;n a single possession, then the events that 
affect that possession are going to affect our attitudes. 

It is simple to say, "I make a total transfer of every- 
thing to God," but not so simple to do. At first a person 
will probably experience some difficulty in consistently 
seeking God's will in the area of material things because he 
is so accustomed to self-management and control. But fi- 
nancial freedom comes from knowing that God is in con- 

What a great reUef it is to turn our burdens over to Him. 
Then, if something happens to the car, you can say, 
"Father, I gave this car to You; I've maintained it to the 
best of my ability, but I don't own it. It belongs to You, so 
do with it whatever You would like." 

Second, a Christian must get out of debt altogether. 
Debt exists when any of the following conditions are true: 

— Payment is past due for money, goods, or services that 
are owed to other people. 

— The total value of unsecured liabUities exceeds total 
assets. In other words, if you had to cash out at any 
time, there would be a negative balance on your ac- 

— Anxiety is produced in the area of financial responsi- 
bihties, and the family's basic needs are not being met 
either because of past or present buying practices. 


To get and stay current, estabhsh a written plan of all 
expenditures and their order of importance, Usting needs 
first, then wants and finally desires. 

The difference between needs, wants, and desires can be 
illustrated this way: We can see in our society today that 
more people, particularly those who work, need an automo- 
bile. That need can be satisfied by a used Volkswagen. The 
want can be satisfied by a larger car such as an Oldsmobile. 
And the desire may be satisfied only by a brand new 

Each of us must assess those levels according to the plan 
that God has for our lives. For instance, if a Christian is in 
financial bondage and is not able to keep his family's needs 
met and bills paid, he must assess whether a television set is 
a need, a want, or a desire. He must also assess vacations 
and other activities on the same basis. 

A Christian in debt must stop any expenditure which is 
not absolutely essential for Uving and should think before 
every purchase. He should ask himself: Does this item en- 
hance God's work in my life? Is it a necessity? Does it 
reflect my Christian ethics? Can I continue to take maga- 
zines, encyclopedias, or book and record subscriptions 
while I owe others? Is this the very best possible buy I can 
get? Will it add to or detract from my family relationship? 
Is it a highly depreciative item? Does it require costly 

A Christian in debt should also begin buying on a cash 
basis only. The principle to observe is this: If you are in 
debt from misuse of credit, sto'p— totally stop— using it. One 
of the best things to do with credit cards, when in debt, is 
pre-heat the oven to 400 degrees and put them in it. Then 
mail the cards to their respective companies and ask them 
to mail you no more. Include in your letter the plan for 
paying off that credit card debt, and then commit yourself 
to buying solely on a cash basis. 


Every consumer should understand that credit card 
companies will allow borrowing beyond the ability to 
repay. And once someone has over-extended his finances, it 
is necessary to sacrifice some of the wants and desires in life 
to get current; otherwise, he will continue to borrow and 
only get deeper into bondage. 

To get out of debt, an individual must also practice 
saving money. Even if it's only $5 a month, develop a dis- 
cipUne of saving. This does not mean to store up a large 
amount of money and to sacrifice paying creditors, but it is 
necessary to accumulate some reserve. 


The third step to obtaining financial freedom is to es- 
tablish the tithe as the minimum testimony to God's owner- 
ship. How can anyone say that he has given total ownership 
to God when he has never given testimony to that fact? 

Fourth, to obtain financial peace, recognize and accept 
that God's financial provision is used to direct each of our 
lives. Often Christians lose sight of the fact that God's will 
can be accompUshed through a withholding of funds; we 
think that God can direct us only by an abundance of 
money. But each Christian must learn to live on what God 
provides and not to live under pressure brought on by driv- 
ing desires for wealth and material things. This necessitates 
planning lifestyles around the provision that God has sup- 
phed; it can be done. Seek to understand the wisdom in 
God's providing for you what He has. With this understand- 
ing come perfect peace and freedom. 

If a Christian pursuing this plan cannot meet the basic 
necessities of his family, God will simply use the abundance 
of other Christians to assist. God will never faO to supply. 


Fifth, a Christian must have a clear conscience regarding 
past business practices and personal dealings in order to 
have financial freedom. God often requires restitution. If 
you have wronged someone financially, spiritually, morally 
or otherwise and God has laid it on your heart to go and 
confess, do so. The faUure to act will retard any further 
spiritual growth for you. But there will be a great personal 
blessing in going. Understand that it is not the individual's 
forgiveness that is necessary, but God's. 

I recall a friend who had wronged an individual finan- 
cially before he became a Christian. God convicted him 
about this and indicated that he should go and make resti- 
tution. He contacted this individual, confessed what had 
been done, and offered to make it right. The person refused 
to forgive and refused to take any money. 

For a while, it hurt my friend's ego and pride, until he 
realized that it was not for the offended person that he had 
confessed, but for himself. It was not for the loss that 
restitution was offered, but for his relationship with God. 
God had forgiven him and he had done exactly what God 
had asked. Nothing further was required. 

Sixth, a Christian seeking financial freedom must al- 
ways be willing to put other people first. This does not 
imply that a Christian has to be a floor mat for others; it 
simply means that he doesn't profit at the disadvantage of 
someone else. The key, again, lies in attitude. 

To avoid financial superiority, a Christian must apply 
the attitude God shows us in His Word: "Do nothing from 
selfishness or empty conceit, but with humUity of mind let 
each of you regard one another as more important than 
himself; do not merely look out for your own personal 
interests, but also for the interests of others" (Phihppians 

Seventh, to achieve financial freedom, a Christian must 
also Umit time devoted to business affairs when family in- 
volvement suffers. It is an easy trap to find yourself spend- 
ing 12, 14, or 16 hours a day at work. But an interesting 
thing happens when God's principles are applied. You can 
trim the work day back to 10 hours and get the same 
amount of work done. Then back to eight with the same 
result. If they planned their schedules properly, worked on 
the important things first, and allowed other people around 
them to do their jobs without interfering with them, the 
majority of Christians could trim their average day back to 
five hours and accomplish the same amount of work or 
perhaps more. But seek a balance. If business involvement 
requires that you sacrifice God's work or your family, it is 
not according to God's plan. 

Eighth, every Christian, to achieve financial freedom. 

WINTER 1976/1977 

must avoid the indulgences of life. Unfortunately, most of 
us are self-indulgers, rarely passing up a want or desire, 
much less a need. But in light of the needs around us, it is 
important that Christians assess their standards of Uving. 
Most of us can reduce our expenditures substantially with- 
out a real reduction in living standard. 

And finally, step nine, it is important to seek good 
Christian counseling whenever in doubt. "Without consulta- 
tion, plans are frustrated, but with many counselors they 
succeed" (Proverbs 15:22). God admonishes us to seek 
counsel and not to rely solely on our own resources. In 
financial planning, many Christians become frustrated be- 
cause they lack the necessary knowledge and then give up. 
God has suppUed Christians with the abihty to help others 
in the area of finances. Seek them out. 

The very first counselor to be used is the spouse. Many 
times God will provide the answer right within your own 
home. Husbands and wives together can frequently work 
out financial problems that would frustrate either of them 

Also, let your need for counsel be made known to other 
Christians. Too many times we Christians set up the facade 
that we have no problems. How can others help unless they 
are aware? It is not necessary to broadcast every problem 
throughout the Christian community, but at least allow 
others the opportunity to minister to you. 

If necessary, seek professional financial counseling. I 
would advise counseling only from a Christian source. 
Often good, sound financial counseling can come from a 
non-Christian source, but many of the things that you want 
to accomplish will be nonsense to the non-Christian. 

So you can see, as we examine the concept of financial 
freedom, that there are definite symptoms that indicate 
when a Christian is in bondage but that there are also 
clearly defined steps to attaining freedom. Begin to put 
these principles into practice in your life and share them 
with other Christians. 

I would encourage you to study God's Word to gain a 
deeper understanding of His perspective on financial bond- 
age and attaining freedom. The following passages wUl be 
helpful to you: 

27: 12; Matthew 6:24, 25; Proverbs 28:22, II Thessalonians 
3:10; Luke 16:10; Ephesians 5:5; Psalms 73:2, 3; I 
Timothy 5:8; James 5:1-4; Proverbs 3:9, 10; Revelation 

10:22; Deuteronomy 5:32, 33; Psalms 37:21; Proverbs 
21:20; Deuteronomy 14:23; Romans 11:34; Matthew 5:24; 
Proverbs 23:4, 5; Luke 9:23. 

Larry Burkett and used by permission of the publishers. 
Campus Crusade for Christ, Inc. Available at your Christian 
bookstore or through Bryan College Bookstore. $3.50 

Larry Burkett, a financial coun- 
selor formerly with Campus Crusade 
for Christ International, is director of 
Christian Financial Concepts, Inc., 
Tucker, Georgia. He has been in- 
volved in several businesses, teaches 
seminars on Christian finances 
throughout the United States, and 
has a television series called "Your 
Finances in Changing Times." The ac- 
companying article, i in.incial Bondage," was one of four lectures 
given at the Bryan faculty-staff retreat held at the Harry Johnson 
cottage on Watts Bar Lake just prior to the opening of the fall term. 
Mr. Burkett holds the B.S. degree in finance from RoUins College, 
Winter Park, Florida. 


Some months ago while eating in 
a restaurant in one of our large cities, 
two men were overheard expressing 
dissatisfaction with the education of 
their children. One of them was 
saying that education should prepare 
youth for life. The incident recalls a 
conversation from The Thousand and 
One Nights. A royal gentleman, hav- 
ing traveled into a distant land, fell 
into the hands of highwaymen who 
robbed him of all his goods and 
servants. He escaped wounded and 
finally found his way to the shop of 
a tailor who fed and lodged him. 
After three days the good tailor 
asked him, "Dost thou not know any 
trade by which to make a gain?" 

The unfortunate traveler repUed, 
"I am acquainted with the law, a stu- 
dent of science, a writer, and an 

To this the tailor responded, 
"Thy occupation is profitless in our 
country: there is no one in our city 
acquainted with science or writing, 
but only with getting money." 

What type of education prepares 
the individual for hfe? The faculties 
of the colleges of early America be- 
Ueved that education should train the 
mind to think and the tongue to 
speak. The Yale Report of 1828 
declared the end of higher education 
to be the "disciplined and informed 
mind." The curriculum consisting of 
prescribed studies in the classics of 
Greek and Latin and in pure mathe- 
matics was to develop intellectual 
skills that could readily be transferred 
to other fields of study and to any 
future vocation. Particular knowledge 
of the trades and professions was to 
be gained outside of college. 

Technical Training 

By the middle of the nineteenth 
century, the expanding industry and 
commerce of a growing nation called 
for more technical training. The 
MorrOl Act of 1862 resulted in the 
founding of the institutions which 
were to evolve into our great state 
universities. These institutions offered 
specialized training in agriculture and 
in the mechanical arts. The trend to- 
ward technical specialization was 
further stimulated by the influence of 
the German universities and their pre- 
occupation with the search for new 

knowledge. The older institutions, 
such as Harvard and Yale, began to 
replace the prescribed curriculum 
with electives from an ever-widening 
range of academic disciplines. The 
growing diversity in curriculum is 
demonstrated by the fact that the 
number of departments of instruction 
in these traditional institutions grew 
between 1825 and 1900 from six or 
seven to twelve or fourteen in most 
cases and to a high of twenty-two at 
Yale. By the turn of the century, the 
prescribed programs of general studies 
had been reduced from the full four- 
year program to less than half of the 
program, taken primarily in the fresh- 
man and sophomore years. The re- 
mainder of the program consisted of 
concentrations in chosen major and 
minor fields and of free electives. 

General Education Foundation 

Following the pattern which 
evolved during the nineteenth cen- 
tury, most colleges still require a core 
of general education as a foundation 
on which the more specialized major 
program is buUt. In most four-year 
institutions, these prescribed programs 
usually include courses in English, 
math, natural sciences, social sciences, 
literature, fine arts, and foreign lan- 
guages. The goal of this general educa- 
tion is to enable the educated person 
to think clearly, communicate effec- 
tively, make relevant judgments, and 
discriminate among values. 

During recent years, required gen- 
eral education has come under con- 
siderable attack. In the decade of the 
60s, the student revolts which made 
headhnes focused on curricular as 
well as administrative matters. Stu- 
dents demanded more voice in curri- 
cular decisions and more freedom in 
the selection of courses of study. The 
result was modification or reduction 
of required general education and 
particularly of foreign language re- 
quirements. The economic recession 
of the 70s placed further stress on 
required general education programs, 
particularly in the liberal arts col- 
leges, because many college graduates 
with hberal arts degrees were unable 
to find jobs. Some recent critics of 
higher education have gone so far as 
to say that college is a waste of time 
and money. Government-sponsored 


media advertisements advise youth to 
enter one- and two-year vocational 
programs and promise them salaries 
and status equivalent to those of the 
holders of the bachelor's degrees. 

Just as colleges of the past cen- 
tury modified their curricular offer- 
ings to meet the new demands of a 
changing environment, so colleges to- 
day must continually evaluate their 
curricula and answer for each new 
generation the question, "What edu- 
cation prepares the individual for 
hfe?" Undoubtedly education for life 
will provide the individual with a 
means of earning a living, but life 
consists of more than buying and 
selling. The Christian must reject the 
notion that all things reduce them- 
selves to economics. "The Kingdom 
of God is not food and drink, but 
righteousness, and peace, and joy in 
the Holy Spirit." A Christian hberal 
arts education should provide for the 
physical, social, intellectual, and 
spiritual development of the indivi- 
dual. "And Jesus increased in wisdom 
and stature, and in favor with God 
and man." 

Educational Purpose 

According to the Bryan state- 
ments of educational purpose, re- 
quired general education at the col- 
lege is intended "to provide oppor- 
tunity for students to gain a 
knowledge of the Bible and the arts 
and sciences and to understand their 
relationships" and "to encourage stu- 
dents to think critically, to work in- 
dependently, to communicate clearly, 
and to express themselves creatively 
in their search for truth." The board 
of trustees, administration, and 
faculty of Bryan College have always 
beheved that a strong speciaMzed 
major program buUt upon an effec- 
tive general education core designed 
to realize these objectives is the best 
education for life. 

College constituencies do not al- 
ways appreciate the value and impor- 
tance of general education. Students 
who have grown up in the material- 
success-oriented culture of America 
see gainful employment and social 
position as being the principal ob- 
jective of a college education. Bryan 
College is making renewed efforts to 
inform its constituencies concerning 




the educational philosophy and pur- 
pose of the college. This article is one 
aspect of this effort. The new coUege 
catalog contains the following state- 
ment of the rationale of required 
generation education: 

As a Christian liberal arts col- 
lege, Bryan requires certain 
courses as a part of each student's 
program regardless of his major 
field or professional goal. These 
core requirements are designed to 
provide for the student's in- 
tellectual, physical, spiritual, and 
social development (Luke 2:52). 

It would be extremely diffi- 
cult for the student, even with 
the help of a faculty adviser, to 
devise an ideal education. Re- 
quirements are a form of aca- 
demic advising based on the col- 
lective educational thought of 
many individuals and on the con- 
tinuum of educational experience 
of numerous generations. Require- 
ments give the student both in- 
tellectual breadth by providing an 
opportunity to acquire the 
knowledge that forms the com- 
mon culture of his world and also 
intellectual freedom by affording 
an opportunity to learn to think 
in various modes. These require- 
ments represent the student's in- 
tellectual rights of which he 
cannot be deprived by anyone, in- 
cluding himself. 

Because Bryan is a Christian 
college, biblical studies are re- 
quired of all students. Every 
Christian, accepting the Bible as 
the supreme authority in matters 
of belief and daily life, should 
have a knowledge of its content. 

Refined Objectives 

In an effort to make general edu- 
cation more effective at Bryan, the 
coUege has embarked on the most 
thorough study of general education 
undertaken in recent years. As the 
first phase of this study, a special 
faculty task force worked during part 
of the summer of 1976 on general 
education, devoting most of its effort 
to the writing of general education ob- 
jectives. These objectives are more 
specific than the statements of institu- 
tional purpose quoted earlier. Selected 

sample statements will give the reader 
an idea of their character. They define 
what the student should be able to do 
on graduation from the college. 

. . . discuss the major evidences 
that the Bible is a divine revela- 

Describe the scientific method 
and give examples of its applica- 

Judge the logical consistency of 
verbal and non-verbal material. 

. . . exemplify, through behavior, 
respect for and acceptance of es- 
tablished standards of conduct 
which are consistent with Christian 
ethics and testimony. 

These statements will be used by 
faculty and academic administrators as 
a basis for the analysis of the present 
program, decision-making on program 
changes, and the development of 
institution-wide evaluation programs. 

The completion of this general 
education program, together with 
indicated program reforms, is expected 
to occupy at least two years and will 
include the refinement of the general 
education objectives, the development 
of academic and student-life programs 
that have promise of realizing these 
objectives, and the development and 
implementation of systems of 
evaluation that will enable the college 
to determine the effectiveness of the 
general education program. Phases of 
the study which are yet to be 
accomplished are being incorporated 
into an institutional development 
project being sponsored by the 
Council for the Advancement of Small 
Colleges. This project began in the fall 
of 1 976 and continues through the 
1978-79 academic year. 

A quahty broad education in the 
arts and sciences complemented by a 
strong specialized major program gives 
the college graduate an excellent pre- 
paration for life in its varied dimen- 
sions. The development of basic in- 
tellectual skills enables the individual 
to attack and solve problems of many 
types. Skills in communication and in 
interpersonal relations have applica- 

tion at aU social levels from the family 
to the larger community. Biblical and 
theological studies equip the student 
to discriminate among values and to 
make moral and ethical judgments in 
an environment of relativism. Studies 
in the social sciences contribute to 
more effective citizenship, and studies 
in the natural sciences give the indivi- 
dual a layman's appreciation for the 
complexities of the world of science 
and technology. 

Foundation for 
Vocational Preparation 

It has been logically and effec- 
tively argued that the development of 
basic intellectual and communication 
skills is the best vocational prepara- 
tion. In a world of rapidly changing 
technology, the fact that specialized 
vocational education is frequently 
obsolete by the time the graduate is 
placed in a job makes on-the-job train- 
ing necessary. The individual with 
well-developed mental faculties and 
communication skills and a good store 
of general knowledge is better 
equipped to cope with changing tech- 
nology and retraining than the indivi- 
dual who received only narrowly 
specialized technical training. 

What education prepares for Ufe? 
We at Bryan College beUeve that a gen- 
eral education that develops basic 
skills and provides the individual with 
broad knowledge complemented by a 
generous concentration of biblical 
studies and a specialized major pro- 
gram will provide the best preparation 
for life for many Christian young peo- 

Mr. Liebig is 
associate academic 
dean and assistant 
professor of modern 
languages and has 
been a member of 
the faculty since 
1964. He holds the 
bachelor's degree 
from Harrington College and the master's 
from the University of Tennessee Knoxville. 
This article is part of a renewed effort by 
the coUege to inform its constituencies con- 
cerning the educational philosophy and pur- 
pose of the college. It grows out of the 
general education task force study of last 
summer when six faculty members spent 
two weeks working full time identifying 
specific objectives of general education at 

WINTER 1976/1977 

gifts of stocks 
yield extra benefits 

"We try to help young people the best we can. Young 
people today are the citizens of tomorrow and our hope for 
the future." This statement made by Col. J. Henderson 
Brock in acknowledging the dedication of the Brock Bicen- 
tennial Hall characterizes the spirit which has motivated 
Col. and Mrs. Brock to support Bryan. Most of the Brocks' 
financial help for the Rudd Memorial Chapel has been in 
gifts of appreciated stock. 

The federal tax structure has been designed to en- 
courage contributions to qualified non-profit organizations 
through the use of income tax deductions. Making gifts of 
appreciated stocks enables the donor not only to take full 
advantage of the federal income tax deduction for chari- 
table contributions but also to reduce or avoid the capital 
gains tax liability. 

Since income tax rates are progressive, the higher the 
donor's income, the less his cost of giving. For example, the 
after-tax cost of a $1,000 gift for a donor in the 20% in- 
come tax bracket is $800. A person in the 50% income tax 
bracket has an after-tax cost of only $500 for each $1,000 
contribution. In the first case the Internal Revenue Service 
could collect $200 less from the taxpayer than if there had 
been no gift, and in the second case, $500 less. 


In certain situations a donor realizes greater tax 
advantages by contributing securities instead of cash. Since 
a sale does not occur when stocks or other securities are 
given to a quaUfied charitable organization, the Internal 
Revenue Code does not recognize the potential capital 
gains. Thus, when such property which has been held more 
than nine months is transferred to most publicly supported 
charities and certain private charitable foundations, the 
amount deductible is based on the fair market value. Any 
difference between the cost basis and fair market value is 
not recognized as a capital gain. 

A capital gain is simply the profit realized from the sale 
of a capital asset which has been held longer than nine 
months. The tax rate on realized capital gains is a maximum 
of 25% of the first $50,000 of capital gains income. 
Additional capital gains are taxed at somewhat higher rates. 

Please send me a copy of Giving Stocks. 


Miss First name 

Middle initial Last name 

The portrait of Col. and Mrs. Brock was unveiled by Mrs. Brock at 
the dedication of the Brock Bicentennial Hall in the Rudd Memorial 
Chapel before a capacity crowd of alumni, trustees, and other guests 
attending the homecoming banquet. Col. Brock unveiled also the 
bronze plaque which states, "This room has been named to com- 
memorate the bicentennial of our nation and to honor Col. and Mrs. 
J. Henderson Brock of Bradenton, Florida, in recognition of their 
generous overall financial support of the college and especially for 
their contribution in the erection and furnishing of the Rudd Mem- 
orial Chapel." The Brocks were given a certificate by the Alumni 
Association recognizing them as honorary alumni of Bryan. 


Mr. Edgar Smith is in the 40% income tax bracket. He 
bought 1 50 shares of XYZ Corporation four years ago at a 
cost of $1 ,000. The fair market value of these securities is 
$4,000. Mr. Smith has a paper profit of $3,000. If he sells 
the securities and gives the proceeds to a charity, he will 
pay about $600 in additional income tax because he 
reahzes a long-term capital gain. However, if he transfers 
the stock to a qualified charity as a gift, he makes the same 
$4,000 charitable contribution but avoids a capital gains 
tax of $600. 

Certainly for the Christian, tax savings are important. 
Although the primary motive for giving is not tax savings, 
good stewardship includes avoiding unnecessary taxes. 

For further information on gifts of stock to qualified 
charitable organizations, write for our free booklet entitled 
Giving Stocks. 





Mail to: 

Director of Development 

Dayton, TN. 37321 




by Lewis Llewellyn 

As President-elect James Earl Carter, Jr., prepares to 
take over the reins of government on January 20, it may be 
interesting to take a look at the kind of world in which we 
will be Uving during the first part of his administration. 

Foreign Affairs 

First, a quick look at foreign affairs. 

England, one of our strongest alUes in two world wars, 
is facing economic catastrophe, having frittered away her 
once vast wealth and power. She may not be much help to 
us in a crisis. 

Russia, having undertaken to surpass us in military 
power, has pulled ahead of us in some areas and effectively 
wiped out our former superiority in over-all defense capa- 

Alexander Solzhenitsyn has said, "At one time there 
was no comparison between the strength of the USSR and 
yours. Then it became equal to yours. Now, as all 
recognize, it's becoming superior to yours. Soon it will be 
two to one, then three to one. Finally, it will be five to one 
. . . and it is fully determined to destroy your society." 

Africa is a tinderbox. It will probably be impossible to 
prevent widespread guerrilla warfare, fomented and armed 
by Russia and her allies. Angola is only the start. Rhodesia 
is under pressure now. Before the matter is settled, the 
whole continent may be engulfed in bloodshed. 

Can we avoid becoming entangled? 

Domestic Affairs 

The major problem in domestic affairs is inflation, 
fueled by government deficit spending. It took us 173 years 
to reach the level of $100 billion a year in spending by the 
federal government. Then in nine years spending rose to 
$200 billion a year. Then in four years it was $300 billion a 
year. In two more years it reached $400 billion. 

Spending more than our income has become the ac- 
cepted way of life as a nation. This is rapid progress toward 

Can President Carter restrain this tendency for us as a 
nation to commit economic suicide? 


To save our nation. President Carter is going to need the 
help of all of us-and of a Power greater than any of us. 

An ancient historical Book tells of a conditional com- 
mitment made, long ago, by a great Power to the people 
who lived in a nation which, like ours, was established on 
the principle "In God We Trust." 

This commitment was given by the Lord: "If My People 
. . . shall humble themselves and pray . . . and turn from 
their wicked ways, then will I . . . forgive their sin and will 
heal their land." 

This is what we need to do. 


by Charles Robinson 

When asked what was the most profound thought ever 
to cross his mind, Daniel Webster replied, "My personal 
accountability to God." 

Paul raises a pertinent point when he asks: "Why dost 
thou judge thy brother?. . .For we shall all stand before the 
judgment seat of Christ." Be slow to judge, lest you seem to 
usurp God's prerogative. Live each day mindful that one 
day God will judge you. Of the judgment seat of Christ 
notice three things: 

Fact of Judgment 

The Bible teaches a judgment of the Christian's 
thoughts, words, and deeds. This is not a judgment to deter- 
mine individual salvation. The Christian's judgment for sal- 
vation was settled at Calvary and its benefits appropriated 
when the believer trusted Christ. The behever in Jesus will, 
however, appear at the judgment seat of Christ— not as a 
sinner, but as a steward; and there he will give an account 
of his stewardship to Christ. That judgment will determine 
not his salvation, but the degree of his reward. 

Nature of Judgment 

The believer's judgment will take place when Jesus 
returns. He, the just and holy Judge, will require of every 
steward an account of his stewardship and will reward each 
according to his work. This will be done not in the privacy 
of some sort of great confessional booth in the sky, but in 
the openness of eternity. "Neither is there any creature that 
is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and 
opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do." 

As a physician places an X-ray machine against his 
patient's body and presents to view the inner workings of 
its hidden parts, so the eyes of God will expose every word, 
deed, thought, motive, and desire which we supposed was 
hid from view. God's great fluoroscope will bring to hght 
every secret sin of commission and omission in that great 
examination day. 

Present at that scene as the subjects of God's fluoro- 
scopic examination, the unfaithful steward, the profaner of 
the Lord's Day, and every other Christian, including you 
and me, will account to the Lord of the harvest for the use 
or misuse of talents and goods received from Him. 

Result of Judgment 

To the Corinthians Paul added that the purpose of this 
judgment is "that everyone may receive the things done in 
his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be 
good or bad." All would do well, then, to heed the bidding 
of John's first epistle: "Abide in Him; that, when He shall 
appear, we may have confidence, and not be ashamed be- 
fore Him at His coming." 

How will it be with you in that day? 

Lewis Llewellyn 

Lewis Llewellyn '38, pastor of the Calvary Baptist Church of Sebring, Fla., is 
also a Bryan trustee. Charles Robinson is assistant director of public relations for 
the college. Their articles are reprinted from the Christian Commentator, a 
syndicated weekly feature carried by some one hundred newspapers across the 
country. Mr. Llewellyn's column usually interprets some timely news item in the 
light of the Bible, and Mr. Robinson comments on the International Sunday School 
Lesson. Anyone wishing to receive the Christian Commentator each week without 
cost should request it from Southern Evangelistic Committee. 565 Fernleaf Ave., 
Sebring, FL. 33870. 

Charles Robinson 




Dr. George Sweeting, president of 
Moody Bible Institute, of Chicago, 
spoke in chapel on October 15, em- 
phasizing five basic attitudes that are 
important for the Christian student as 
he faces the future: 1) great faith in 
God, 2) concern for the urban centers 
of the world, 3) love for all people, 4) 
total trust in the Word of God, and 5) 
flexibiUty and creativity regarding 
methods of communicating the gospel. 

A 1945 graduate of Moody Bible 
Institute, Dr. Sweeting served for five 
years as senior pastor of the historic 
Moody Memorial Church in Chicago 
before being called to his present post. 
He has also traveled extensively in the 
United States and Europe in the capa- 
cities of evangelist, pastor, and author. 

Dr. Sweeting is now heard weekly 
on "Moody Presents," an MBI radio 
program heard internationally over a 
network of more than 200 stations. 


Mayme Sheddan Bedford, dean of 
counseling services, was awarded the 
Ed.D. degree in educational psy- 
chology and guidance by the Univer- 
sity of Tennessee KnoxvUle at its 
December graduation. 

Dr. Bedford's dissertation, "Predic- 
tion of Persistence for College Stu- 
dents Receiving Federal Financial Aid: 
A Multiple Discriminant Function 
Analysis," is based on research which 
she did with data accumulated from 
freshman students enrolUng at Bryan 
through nine years, 1966-1974. The 
emphasis of her doctoral program was 
in college student personnel and her 
minors were in psychology and in edu- 
cational administration and super- 

For a three-year special assign- 
ment. Dr. Bedford is Bryan's on-cam- 
pus coordinator for the project of in- 
stitutional development of a con- 
sortium of fifty-six colleges under the 
sponsorship of the Council for the 
Advancement of Small Colleges. 

Dr. Bedford's experience as a col- 
legian is typical of that of many 
women who go to college after several 
years of pursuing a homemaking or 
other career. She entered Bryan Col- 
lege after a span of seventeen years fol- 
lowing her high-school graduation and 
received her B.S. degree in business ad- 
ministration in 1965; in 1968 she re- 
ceived the M.Ed, degree at the Univer- 
sity of Chattanooga. While still an 
undergraduate student, she began on 
the staff at Bryan as secretary to the 
academic dean. As a full-time staff 
member, she served as dean of women 
for five years and since 1968 as finan- 
cial aid officer and dean of counseling 
services. She holds a faculty appoint- 
ment as associate professor of educa- 

Mrs. Bedford has three children, 
two daughters and a son— Barbara 
Sheddan '67, who is Mrs. Herman 
Posey of Chattanooga; Frank Sheddan 
'75, who is band director at Rhea 
County High School; and Beverly, who 
is a ninth grader. The late Mr. Sheddan 
was director of Bryan's general services 
at the time of his death in 1972. Mrs. 
Bedford is married to Frederick 
Bedford, assistant professor of modern 

Dr. Brian Richardson, associate 
professor of Christian education and 
chairman of the Department of 
Christian Education, addressed the 
national meeting of the American 
Association of Bible Colleges in 
Chicago on October 30. He also ad- 
dressed the National Association of 
Professors of Christian Education, 
which convened there during the same 

Dr. Tom Biller, assistant professor 
of psychology and chairman of the 
psychology department, received 
notice in October of his selection for 
Usting in Who's Who Among Child 
Development Professionals, 1976. His 
nomination for selection was made by 
his professional peers. 

Dr. Biller is a hcensed psychologist 
and a chnical member of the American 
Association of Marriage and Family 
Counselors. He is certified by the 
Tennessee State Department of Mental 
Health as a forensic examiner and a 
director of the Joseph W. Johnson 
Mental Health Center in Chattanooga. 


Allen Jewett '52, minister of edu- 
cation at the First Baptist Church of 
HendersonvUle, N.C., was honored as 
Alumnus of the Year at the alumni 
banquet. Mr. Jewett has served as 
youth and music director in several 
Baptist churches in five states; he was 
dean of students at Bryan for two 
years; and he is the father of Carolyn 
Jewett Hobbs, a Bryan graduate of 
1 974, and of Douglas, a senior, and 
Cathy, a freshman. 


Mrs. James S. (EUen Hoyal) 
Frazier of Dayton, the oldest living 
founder of the college and a trustee 
emeritus, was honored with a commu- 
nity-wide reception on November 28 
to celebrate her ninetieth birthday. 
The reception, hosted by Dr. and Mrs. 
Theodore Mercer, was held at Rhea 
House, the official residence of the 

Mrs. Frazier and her late husband 
were involved in Bryan affairs from 
the beginning. Living on Market 
Street, just one block from the court- 
house, Mr. Frazier attended every 



session of the Scopes Trial in 1 925 and 
became an active member of the 
memorial association formed to estab- 
lish a college in Mr. Bryan's memory. 
When the college was organized in 
1930, Mr. Frazier became a trustee 
and served until his death in 1937. 
Mrs. Frazier later served as a trustee 
from 1945 to 1962. 

In discussing her appreciation for 
the college, Mrs. Frazier commented, 
"Bryan College is where I got my feet 
on the ground in Bible knowledge." 
She used that knowledge to teach 
Bible classes for many years, including 
the Volunteer Sunday School Class at 
First United Methodist Church, which 
on her retirement from teaching a few 
years ago was renamed the Ellen 
Frazier Class in her honor. She con- 
tinues to be active in church and com- 
munity affairs and is a frequent at- 
tender of Bryan campus functions. Of 
her it can be truly said, "They shall 
still bring forth fruit in old age" 
(Psalm 92:14). 





Photo by Bruce Robbins 

Carla Johnson, who is shown 
above with her escort. Student Senate 
President Larry Efird, was crowned 
homecoming queen October 2 during 
half-time ceremonies at the soccer 
game with the University of 
Tennessee. A senior EngUsh major, she 
is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Leonard Johnson, AbQene, Texas. 

Members of the queen's court were 
Judy Welch, sophomore, Kalamazoo 
Mich.; Karen Jensen, junior, Dayton, 
Tenn.; and Melanie Webb, freshman, 
Charlotte, N.C. 

Mrs. EUa Levengood, widow of the 
late Rev. A. J. Levengood, was called 
into the Lord's presence on September 
15, after nearly a year's confinement 
in a nursing home. She had reached 
the age of 83. 

Mrs. Levengood was born in Mil- 
waukee, Wis., and received her high 
school and college training at the 
Mission House near Plymouth, Wis. 

In 1938 Mr. and Mrs. Levengood 
moved with their five children to 
Dayton, Tenn., where they became 
founders of the Tennessee Mountain 
Mission, Inc., with a ministry through 
Bible classes in the public schools. In 
1 948 they added the Cumberland 
Springs Bible Camp for a summer pro- 
gram for children and youth. 

Mr. Levengood was also a faculty 
member at Bryan from 1938 to 1944, 
teaching Bible and Greek. During this 
time the family built a home adjoining 
the campus. The three older children 
enrolled at Bryan when they came to 
Tennessee from Ohio, with Paul com- 
pleting three years and Mark and 
Grace graduating with the class of 
1942. Later another daughter, Miriam, 
attended Bryan for one year; and their 
youngest son, Albert, Jr., graduated in 

Following the Levengood trend at 
Bryan, four grandchildren have recent- 
ly been enrolled, with two graduating 
in the class of 1976— Jerry Dale 
Levengood, son of Paul and Lillian 
Hummel ('40) Levengood, and 
Jonathan Bennett, son of Bob and 
Grace Levengood Bennett. Kathy 
Levengood, daughter of Albert and 
Joyce Cooper ('52) Levengood, is cur- 
rently enrolled as a sophomore, and 
her sister Karen attended one year. 

Since Mr. Levengood's death in 
1956, his oldest son, Paul, has con- 
tinued to direct the work of the 
mission and camp. The famUy name 
has become well known in Dayton 
through the community service which 
Paul Levengood has rendered as city 
council member and mayor of Dayton 
for eight years. 




JULY 16-23, 1977 



Mrs. Chff Barrows, a trustee of 
Bryan, was special speaker for the 
October meeting of the Bryan 
Women's Auxiliary in the Brock Bicen- 
tennial Hall of the Rudd Memorial 

The wife of the song leader for 
Billy Graham, Mrs. Barrows was the 
first pianist for Graham's evangelistic 
ministry. She is the mother of five 
children, one of whom, Betty Ruth, 
attended Bryan for two years and is 
now the wife of David Seera '74, a 
teacher in the science department of 
the Rhea County High School. 


Please send your 


of address 

before you move. Th 

e address 


costs 25c when the 

Post Off 

ce notifies 

us and you miss an 

issue of 

the maga- 



New Address 


Street 1 

City & State 


Old Address 


City & State 


Date Effective 

WINTER 1976/1977 



J,^>?^ J^-'iTT'"^' 'C* ' ' -^^ S 


Bryan became the first Christian 
College in America to win the National 
Christian College Athletic Association 
soccer championship for two consecu- 
tive years by defeating Grace College 
2-1 in the final game on November 20. 
Last year Bryan won the tournament 
in Harrisonburg, Vs., and gained a 
berth in this year's contest as the host 
team. Approximately 80 colleges were 
in competition for the title. 

The Lions beat LeTourneau Col- 
lege in the semi-final contest, also by a 
2-1 mark. The other team in the 
tourney. King's College, took third- 
place honors over LeTourneau by a 
1-0 count. 

Both of Bryan's victories came in 
overtime. Rocky DaCosta scored the 
winning goal against LeTourneau and 
Ngugi Githuka the clincher against 
Grace. Luke Germann had a part in all 
four Lion goals, scoring one himself 
and assisting on the other three. 

Bryan had six players on the 
eleven-member NCCAA all-tourna- 
ment team— Germann, of Nashville, 
Tenn., originally from Switzerland; 
Githuka, of Limuru, Kenya; DaCosta, 
of Devonshire, Bermuda; John 
Shalanko, of Quito, Ecuador; goalie 
Brian Chapman, of Pompano, Fla. ; and 
Carlos Vega, of Tela, Honduras. 
Shalanko was also named Most Valu- 
able Player in the tournament. 

The Lions finished their season 
with an overall record of 6-5-3, which 
included top honors in the Southern 
Christian Athletic Conference and 
second place in the Tennessee Inter- 
collegiate Soccer Association. AU-con- 
ference honors for TISA went to Ger- 
mann, Shalanko (for the fourth con- 
secutive year), Vega, and Charlie 
Goodman, of Athens, Ala. 


Bryan's cross-country team, led by 
the superior running of Eric Clarke 
and Mike Wood, finished the regular 
season with a record of 12-4 in dual 


The Lions took first place in the 
Bryan Invitational for the third conse- 
cutive year, beating out nine other 
teams for the title on October 9. 
Bryan finished third in the Fisk Invita- 
tional, second in the Southern 
Christian Athletic Conference (SCAC) 
run, and third in the NAIA District 24 

In competition with 13 schools in 
the National Christian College Run at 
Grace College, Bryan finished fifth 
with Eric Clarke placing second indivi- 
dually and being named to the AU- 
American Squad. 

Other top runners for Bryan dur- 
ing the season were Mike Bagdanovich, 
Carrollton, Ga.; Kevin Davey, Cam- 
bridge, Ohio; Tom Hatten, Hunting- 
ton, W. Va.; Tommy Lane, Trenton, 
Ga.; Chris Mc Adams, Conyers, Ga.; 
and Don Yentes, Greensburg, Ind. 


The women's volleyball team 
became the first women's athletic 
team from Bryan ever to win a con- 
ference championship when they 
captured the SCAC title on October 
23. Three weeks later, the Cinderella 
team, as they were called by the 

officials in Murfreesboro, came home 
with a Tennessee State Volleyball 
Championship. Bryan's Lionettes were 
competing in the non-AIAW division 
of the state's small colleges and swept 
through four matches to claim top 
billing. The gals, under the direction of 
SCAC Coach-of-the-Year Don Hewlett, 
hit a third peak when they finished 
second in the eight-team Covenant In- 
vitational Tournament early in Novem- 

In the Murfreesboro meet for state 
honors, the Lady Lions conquered 
Freed-Hardeman, Trevecca, and South- 
western in two-game victories over 
each team to gain a well-earned berth 
in the title match. Because of an 
earlier eUmination of MaryviUe, South- 
western was set up for a rematch with 
Bryan for the title when the Lady 
Lynxcats handed the Lionettes a 15-8 
defeat to open the best two-of-three 
match. Bryan bounced back to take 
the second game 15-1. The third con- 
test was a nip-and-tuck affair with a 
13-13 deadlock as time ran out. But 
Bryan scored the next two points to 
bring home the championship. 

Louise Burt, of Lima, Peru, Most 
Valuable Player in both the SCAC and 
Covenant tourneys, led the Lionettes 
to a fine 20-4 season record. Captain 
Kathy McReynolds, of Dayton, Ohio, 
and Barbie Puckett, of Williamsport, 
Pa., together with Louise Burt, were 
named to the All-State Volleyball 
team at the state tourney. Other Bryan 
starters listed with their hometowns 
were Sheila McGill, Daisy, Tenn.; 
Jeanie Fletcher, Nasuli, Philippines; 
and Jenny Meznar, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 
Completing the 12-girl squad were 
Donna Koch, Ephrata, Pa.; Lynette 
Goehring, Fortaleza, Brazil; Nancy 
Giberson, Bath, New Brunswick; Dawn 
Fuller, Liberty, N. Y.; Susan Smith, 
Waxhaw, N.C.; and Shannon Thomas, 
Vicksburg, Miss. 

The volleyball champions are shown with Coach Don Hewlett and Captain McReynolds in 
front; standing at left is manager Linda Ciabtree, who is flanked by players McGill, 
Giberson, Goehring, Koch, Meznar, Burt, Smith, Fuller, Fletcher, Puckett, and Thomas. 

-Rhea County News photo 



as a 

Memorial Gift 

Through a generous memorial gift, a cus- 
tom-designed IVlulti-Waveform Organ for the 
Rudd Memorial Chapel is being manufactured 
by the Baldwin Organ Company in Fayetteville, 
Arkansas. Deriving from discoveries and inven- 
tions beginning in 1946, this newly developed 
instrument has been on the market for about 
five years. The Multi-Waveform organ provides 
the standard hand-crafted console built strictly 
according to American Guild of Organists speci- 
fications and played by the same procedures as 
any pipe organ console. The organ sound is re- 
leased by a light photography system activating 
computer-stored pipe-organ sounds which are 
amplified through the Electro-Acoustic pipes 
visible on each side of the auditorium. Similar 
instruments have recently been ordered by 
Taylor University and a prestigious music hall 
in New York City. Installation of the new organ 
for Bryan is planned for the last week in April 

Dedication of Rudd Memorial Chapel 

MAY 1.1977 

Pledges being paid 


Funds still needed 

The classrooms and auditorium of the Rudd Chapel have been in 
use since the beginning of school even though finishing touches are 
still being added. The week of November 1 marked the first full use 
of the auditorium after the installation of 848 auditorium seats. 
Curtains for the stage were also installed for use in November. 

Although the physical construction is now complete, new funds 
in the amount of $140,000 are still needed to pay for the building, in 
addition to $126,400 in pledges, which are being paid on a regular 
schedule. The total cost of the building, including the new organ, is 

WINTER 1976/1977 

Total Project 

$1 ,095,000 

(including organ) 


... to provide an opportunity for a sound academic educa- 
tion in an atmosphere which promotes Christian growth 
and development. Bryan offers fully accredited liberal 
arts studies with the option of working out your own 
goal-oriented program under the guidance of qualified 
faculty members, nearly one half of whom hold the 
earned doctorate. 

Consider these additional features: 

Pre- professional Studies • Committed Christian Community 
Intercollegiate Sports • Practical Christian Involvement 

Music Teams • Beautiful Hilltop Campus 

Director of Admissions 


Dayton, Tennessee 37321 

Please send me more information: 




State , 

Phone (Area) , 


Year you will enter Bryan . 

ChHst above all 

Zip . 

n Freshman 
.D Transfer 

PRING 1977 





Editorial Office, William Jen- 
nings Bryan College, Dayton, 
Tennessee 37321. Publishing 
Office, The College Press, Col- 
legedale, TN 37315, 615/396- 
2164. Theodore C. Mercer, 

Consulting Editors: Dr. John 
Bartlett, Larry Levenger, Re- 
becca Peck, Charles Robinson 

Copy Editors: Alice Mercer and 
Rebecca Peck 

Circulation Manager: Shirley 

BRYAN LIFE is published four 
times annually by William Jen- 
nings Bryan College, Dayton, 
Tennessee. Produced and 
printed by The College Press. 
Second class postage paid at 
Dayton, Tennessee, and other 

Copyright 1977 


William Jennings Bryan College 

Dayton, Tennessee 



Portrait of Dr. Rudd to be hung in 
the Rudd Memorial Chapel 
foyer. Photograph by Cunnyng- 
ham Studios. 


Bryan's gold uniforms identify 
the Lions in the game in which 
they won the 1976 SCAC tourn- 
ament by defeating Lee College 
in the Bradley County gym in 
Cleveland, Tenn. 

Volume 2 

SPRING 1977 

Number 3 


examines the areas of temptation common to the behever and points 
out the sure remedy available from God's Word. 


reminisces on how the Lord led her and Dr. Rudd to Bryan, where a 
teaching position opened the door to the college presidency. 

A STUDENT LOOKS AT PCI: One student finds practical Christian 7 

service to be a major ingredient in his own personal spiritual de- 

INSPIRATION OF THE SCRIPTURES: The first of a four-part series 8 

on the authority of the Scriptures reaffirms the commitment of Bryan 
to an authoritative and inerrant Scripture. 

CAMPUS REVIEW: Lectures, dramas, concerts, and opera dem- 10 

onstrate the versatility of the Rudd Chapel auditorium. 

SPORTS REVIEW: Winning basketball season confirms a near- 14 

record athletic year. 


A current staff member demonstrates her confidence in Bryan's 
present and future. 


It is eminently appropriate that the newest 
and most impressive building of the college 
be named to honor Dr. Rudd, who was as- 
sociated with Bryan from 1931 (the second 
year of the college) until his death in October 
1970, a little over 39 years later. He was truly 
"a man for all seasons," performing during 
those years nearly every kind of function 
associated with a college. Augmenting his 
impressive versatility were his warm hu- 
manity and his true spirituality. 
Dr. Rudd was not unlike the believers of former times enumerated in the 
eleventh chapter of Hebrews in their relationship to the fulfillment of the 
promises of the old covenant. He saw the potential of Bryan; he endured, 
"seeing Him who is invisible"; and he died in the faith, not having lived to see 
the greater fulfillment of Bryan's potential as realized in recent years, but, like 
the men and women of old, believing fully in the promise of that potential. I 
have not forgotten his wise words of counsel to me and our years of fellowship 

Inasmuch as Dr. Rudd struggled for years with college debts, meager funds, 
inadequate facilities, and with many other inescapable deficiencies of those 
pioneer years, it will be an even greater tribute to him if this handsome and 
functional building named to honor him can be dedicated free from debt. To 
that end every effort is being made to secure commitments to underwrite the 
remaining $131,000 by May 1. I urge all Bryan friends to support this project 
with their prayers and whenever possible with their gifts. 

Theodore C. Mercer 



Teitiptaticii : 

Ideality and l^eitiedy 

by W. Gary PhiUips 

lemptation to sin may be defined as "the entice- 
ment of a person to commit sin by the prospect of some 
seeming pleasure or advantage."' Being the object of 
temptation to sin is one of the common denominators of 
being human. A shrewd man once said, "The man who 
has no problems with temptation is the man who always 
yields!" No matter what age, no matter what economic 
or social status, no matter what level of spiritual matu- 
rity or immaturity, temptation to sin invades our con- 
sciousness. It may come toward us galloping boldly or 
discreetly slithering through the underbrush, but it is 

The purpose of this study is to glean some principles 
from key Scriptures which may aid our escape when 
temptation beckons. Each of these may be seen in the 
"classic" passage describing human temptation to sin. 
Genesis 3, but of course in many other Scriptures also. 
These are not exhaustive (books could be written on the 
subject) nor have the Scriptures been milked for all they 
are worth. Furthermore, some of them may overlap. 
Nevertheless, these principles are basic and common to 
our Christian experience. When we see how temptation 
can operate, we will be able to focus in on God's rem- 


As Christians, we, of all people, should have a proper 
perspective of ourselves and our relationships. We un- 
derstand that we are sinful beings with two natures 
warring within for mastery and that God is a God of 
love, who has implanted the "new" nature. This is 
reality, clearly revealed in Scripture. 

Temptation, however, may distort this picture of re- 
ality. In Genesis 3 the serpent used this tactic on Eve. 
First, he distorted the picture of God by denying the 
judgment of God ("You surely shall not die!") and the 
goodness of God (impugning (jod's motives: "For God 
knows. ..your eyes will be opened. will be like 
God!"). God is pictured as the villain, who desires to 
impose only don'ts on those who follow Him. This pic- 
ture of God. camping only on the negatives, is very 
different from that of a loving Creator, who desires to 
give. Actually, the bountiful provision of God, which 
God mentioned first (2: 16-17), is completely ignored by 
Satan, whereas the one lone prohibition is magnified: 
"How dare God do this to you!" Of course, when the 
picture of God is distorted, the picture of sin becomes 
distorted as well. No longer is it so forbidding; no longer 
is it such a personal affront to a loving God. who is also 
holy and must judge sin. 

"Temptation may also use this same tactic (distortion 
of reality) in a much more subtle way. For example, all 
of us, as Chrisfians, are under constant pressure to 
"adopt attitudes" of those around us. The experience 
of "waking up" from a television show and realizing 
that the values we have thoroughly enjoyed watching 
and agreeing with are completely against Biblical 

W. GARY PHILLIPS has been 
instructor of Greek and Bible at 
Bryan since 1975. He came from Dallas Theological Seminary, 
where he had received the Th.M. in Greek in May and had also 
won the Rollin Thomas Chafer Award in Apologetics. Originally 
from Chattanooga, Tenn., where his parents still live, Mr. Phillips 
graduated from Baylor School for Boys and then earned the B.A, 
from Vanderbilt University with an interdepartmental major in 
math, philosophy, and English. In his first year of teaching at 
Bryan, he was voted "Teacher of the Year" by the students and in 
1976 was listed in Outstanding Young Men in America. He and his 
wife, the former Betsy Woodard, of Signal Mountain. Tenn., have 
a son, David Paul. Mrs. Phillipsisanexampleof a faculty wife who 
began her college career elsewhere but completed it at Bryan. 

standards is a common one. But while we are watching 
it, the way the story was presented made it seem just 
"so right" for the hero to divorce his wife (she was a 
real witch anyway) and marry (or start living with) the 
heroine. Our minds have been unconsciously saturated 
with a perversion of the Tenth Commandment: "Thou 
shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife in vain." 

Can we live with two such interpretations of reality? 
Both cannot be right. 

God's Remedy: 

We must bring the temptation into the focus of reality 
by backing up and thinking about what we are tempted 
to do or to agree with. God is not an oppressive ogre but 
a God of love, who desires to keep us from temptation 
(Matt. 6: 13). Further, the results of yielding to the temp- 
tation will be vastly different from what we may be 
expecting (in the "distorted" view). After Eve and 
Adam yielded to temptation, there grew about them a 
sense of guilt and shame, not that sense of power and 
majesty which they were so pitifully awaiting! What 
promises to be so enjoyable may lead only to deep 
depression and guilt, as well as to alienation and chas- 
tisement from the Lord (Heb. 12:5-13). Just to see how 
this idea might work, try an experiment: Sometime 
while you are watching a typical television show, turn 
off the sound (it's amazing what the lack of violin music 
will do to ruin a love scene). Then imagine that the hero 
has just come back from running ten miles or that the 
heroine has just eaten an onion pizza. In this way the 
temptation is brought back into the focus of reaUty! 



Though this is almost an axiom, it is seldom thought 
about and acted upon. Obviously, if I know of some- 
thing that attracts me (which I know is wrong) I will be 
less likely to yield if I do not hover around it! It is not 
wise, for example, for a dieter to enter a bakery "just to 
window-shop" or for a kleptomaniac to seek a job as a 
bank teller. 

The exact dimensions of the Garden of Eden are not 
known to us, but clearly there was ample space for Eve 
to roam without being close to that one prohibited tree, 

SPRING 1977 


Teitiptatico: Ceality and Remedy 

the focal point of her temptation. The adultery of King 
David provides a more pointed example. Though David 
did not know (apparently) that Bathsheba would be 
exposed on a nearby roof or in a nearby courtyard, he 
was clearly out of the place where God would have him 
be. The stage is set for David's sin with the words "at 
the time when kings go out to battle... David stayed in 
Jerusalem" (2 Sam. 11:1). Had David been in his right- 
ful place at the head of Israel's army (instead of shifting 
that responsibility onto someone else), the sin that 
marred the rest of David's life and ultimately marked 
bloodshed and destruction for the rest of the nation 
would never have taken place. "David's lifework was 
that of fighting God's battles; but here we find him idle, 
off his guard, tarrying in Jerusalem when it was the time 
for battle. Satan quickly took advantage of that!" (Jen- 
sen, 1, 2 Samuel Self-Study Guide, p. 94). 

God's Remedy: 

When we realize that something is tempting us, we 
must get away fast before its teeth sink in. The example 
of Joseph is instructive (Genesis 39). In the first place, 
when Potiphar's wife continued to proposition Joseph 
sexually "day after day," this wise young man refused 
to "listen to her.. .or Zjew;?/; her." He stayed away! But 
even so, the temptation was persistent, and she eventu- 
ally entrapped him. Joseph's response again was in line 
with what he knew God would have him do: "He left his 
garment in her hand and fled" (compare 2 Tim. 2:22 — 
"flee youthful lusts"). In other words, the best place for 
a young couple who have trouble controlling desires is 
not in a parked car. Such laxity is playing with dyna- 


I know from personal experience the tremendous 
value of supportive Christian fellowship in an environ- 
ment basically hostile to Christianity. When I was in 
college, the greatest joy I had was fellowship with other 
believers on campus in Bible studies and prayer groups . 
This fellowship proved to be a tremendous reservoir 
from which to draw spiritual strength when faced with 
various temptations. Without that supportive element, 
yielding to temptation is much more likely. God has 
made us, as the Body of Christ, spiritually dependent 
beings. We are dependent upon the Head of the Body, 
Christ; we are also dependent upon other members of 
the Body (1 Cor. 12:14-27). Whenever this element of 
fellowship is missing, we lack the strength that can 
come from this good gift of God. Our potential for 
strength is reduced just as if we were lacking a limb. A 
hand by itself can do little unless it is anchored to the 
body. Apparently Eve was alone when facing the temp- 
ter. Perhaps had Adam been there from the first, their 
combined strength might have made a difference. 

God's Remedy: 

The solution is transparent. We must seek out fellow- 
ship and mutual support from other members of the 
body of Christ. In his book. Born Again, Charles S. 
Colson repeatedly emphasizes that without the fellow- 
ship of his prayer group he would not have made it 
through the Watergate trials and prison. We are to bear 
one another's burdens (Gal. 6:2), and being tempted 
would certainly qualify in God's dictionary for "bur- 
den." Daniel provides a supreme example of this con- 

cept. When all Nebuchadnezzar's "wise men" (includ- 
ing Daniel and his three companions) were under edict 
of condemnation for not interpreting the king's dream, 
Daniel asked for time in which to declare the dream and 
its interpretation (2:16). The next statement is momen- 
tous: "Then Daniel went to his house and informed his 
friends... about the matter, in order that they might re- 
quest compassion from the God of heaven concerning 
this mystery, so that Daniel and his friends might not be 
destroyed with the rest of the wise men of Babylon. 
Then the mystery was revealed to Daniel." This man, 
facing perhaps the most important task of his life (and, 
no doubt, tempted to fear and to doubt God' s ability and 
God's preservation) sought out the fellowship of his 
companions and their prayer support! Surely we must 
do the same. 


This seems a curious statement. Are not the "moun- 
taintop" experiences and the times of spiritual victory 
and blessing also the times of greatest spiritual 
strength? Unfortunately they are not. One of Satan's 
common battlegrounds is a mountaintop — a spiritual 
mountaintop. Satan is a brilliant strategist and knows 
that at these times we might tend to become overconfi- 
dent, spiritually idle and let down our guard. We may 
forget that the recent spiritual victory was not won 
through our own strength, but through the Lord's 
strength. Actually, why should Satan attack a Christian 
whom God is not using? According to his tactics, "the 
next best thing to a damned soul is a neutralized Chris- 
tian!" (Martin, Screwtape Writes Again, p. 10). From 
Satan's standpoint, only those whose lives reflect 
spiritual victory merit his full attention as tempter. 

As we might expect, the Bible provides ample evi- 
dence for this tactic. It was in the midst of daily com- 
munion with God that Eve was tempted. It was just 
after David had been installed as king of both Judah and 
Israel and the Lord was giving him many military vic- 
tories that he let down his guard and stayed home. It 
was after the incredible victory over powerful Jericho 
that the overconfident Israelites were defeated by little 
Ai (Joshua 7). It was after the astounding victory over 
the prophets of Baal that Elijah fled from Jezebel. It was 
immediately after the Lord gave the covenant to Abram 
(promising to make him a great nation) that, when a 
famine came, he fled to Egypt from the land to which 
God had called him (Gen. 12:20). In view of the fact that 
Abram (as well as others) is described as a man of faith, 
how may we hope not to fall? 
God's Remedy: 

As believers we are urged repeatedly in Scripture to 
be ever on the alert! "Keep watching and praying, that 
you may not enter into temptation; the spirit is willing, 
but the flesh is weak" (Matt. 26:41). How much more is 
this admonition applicable in times of spiritual triumph, 
when potentially we may be more vulnerable! The con- 
tinuing narrative of Genesis 12 demonstrates the result 
of Abram's watchfulness. After his recorded failure in 
falling to the temptation (12:10-20), he returned to the 
land to which God had called him. Another problem 
immediately arose which Abram used as an opportunity 
to exhibit his faith. He had learned his lesson. Rather 
than run away from the problem, he met it squarely this 
time; and the result was blessing from the Lord (13:14- 
18). Why did Abram not fall to the temptation as he had 



done before? This time he was watchful; his guard was 
up. The first thing he had done on re-entering the land 
was to consecrate himself to the Lord again and re-arm 
himself spiritually ("there Abram called on the name of 
the Lord" — 13:4). This was the source of his new 


This principle needs careful explanation. Ever since 
Satan's challenge to Eve, "Yea, hath God said?" 
doubting God's Word has been a basic factor in a be- 
liever's yielding to temptation. It is an invitation to pass 
judgment on whether or not God really meant what He 
said, if indeed God had spoken. Too often Bible study 
can be approached with the motive of finding "as many 
reasons as possible why this does not apply to me. ' ' Yet 
the Bible is essential, all of it, for both "faith and prac- 
tice" (that is, belief and behavior). If we regard the 
voice of God to us as anything less than completely 
authoritative, we are exposed; there is a gap in our 
armor, because we have no offensive weapon. 

One common denial of God's Word regarding temp- 
tation is the denial of God's promise to judge and punish 
sin. Regarding the eating of the forbidden fruit, God had 
forcefully said, "You shall surely die!" Eve, referring 
to God's prohibition, showed little respect for God's 
word when she diminished the penalty, "lest you die." 
Satan, not merely showing little respect but actually 
denying, replied, "You surely shall not die!" (It is 
interesting that in the Hebrew, though Eve misquoted 
God, Satan quoted God to the letter, simply adding a 
negative to God's pronouncement.) Eve "swallowed" 
the deception. But the Bible is very clear about judg- 
ment: "Whatever a man sows, that shall he also reap." 
This applies across the board to believer and unbeliever 
alike. The basis for such a claim is the statement preced- 
ing it: "God is not mocked" (Gal. 6:7). 

God's Remedy: 

There can be no better example of offensive spiritual 
warfare than that of our Lord, who met temptation with 
an intimate working knowledge of the Word of God (see 
Matt. 4:4,7,10 for the counter to each of Satan's at- 
tacks). If this defense was necessary for God's Son (the 
Word made flesh!), how much more should we as fol- 
lowers of Jesus copy His example in this vital tactic! As 
Christians we are given armor and urged to make use of 
it (Eph. 6). The only offensive weapon included in that 
armament is the "sword of the Spirit, which is the Word 
of God" (v. 17). If we are not skillful in its use, we 
diminish our chances for spiritual victory over tempta- 
tion. A soldier under attack is not allowed the luxury of 
a pause by his attacker so that he may put on his armor. 
He must be skilled and ready from the first if he would 

It is important for us to know that Scripture also can 
be misused. When our Lord was tempted, Satan used 
Scripture to try to break down Jesus' resistance (Matt. 
4:6). One might say that Satan knew "all the right 
words." But Jesus countered with other Scripture, a 
fact which led to A. W. Tozer's observation that the 
whole truth of God is not contained in "it is written" so 
much as in "again, it is written" (that is , the systematic 
study of comparing Scripture with Scripture). Thus we 
are encouraged in 2 Timothy 2:5 to "be diligent to 
present yourself approved to God as a workman who 

does not need to be ashamed, handling accurately the 
word of truth." This is a tested and proven method for 
fending off temptation. 


Again, not only is this axiomatic, it is also Scriptural. 
The more we purpose in our hearts to lust, for example, 
the more likely we eventually are to commit adultery. I 
sincerely doubt that David simply "glanced" at 
Bathsheba. James describes temptation as a clear pro- 
gression (James 1:14-15). The object of lust is con- 
templated so that lust "conceives"; eventually it 
"gives birth" to the sinful act itself (note the final 
product — death). To carry James's illustration of birth 
further, just as a child is alive before the actual moment 
of birth, so sin does not begin to be sinful only when it is 
manifest in a specific, visible action. Sin works its way 
out (Matt. 5:28). Joshua 7 traces the defeat of Israel to 
the sin of one man, Achan. The verbs which describe 
the progression of this man's sin are eloquent: "I 
saw. ..I coveted...! took." This may be seen in Genesis 
3 also. Note that Eveiaw the tree; this was more than a 
mere glance. The same Hebrew word occurs later in 
Gen. 30:1,9. In both verses the word refers to a long, 
deliberate process on contemplation "Rachel 5aw that 
she bore Jacob no children' ' ! The result of such contem- 
plation on sin is usually inescapable. 

God's Remedy: 

Instead of filling our minds with evil thoughts, we are 
to set our minds on higher things! "Whatever is true ... 
honorable . . . right . . . pure . . . lovely . . . of good repute , if 
there is any excellence and if anything worthy of praise, 
let your mind dwell on these things" (Phil. 4:8). Note 
that this is commanded as an act of the will. God does 
not give His children hollow commands; it is within the 
ability of our Spirit-led wills to obey. 

Hebrews 12:2 is also appropriate: "Let us also lay 
aside every encumbrance, and the sin which so easily 
entangles us, and let us run with endurance the race that 
is set before us, fixing our eyes on Jesus!" There is 
more behind this exhortation than meets the eye. The 
author of Hebrews has repeatedly made the point that 
Jesus was tempted in all things as we are, yet without 
sin (2:18; 4:13-16). Nevertheless, the difference in the 
degree of temptation is staggering. Because Jesus did 
not yield. He experienced a much greater and more 
intense degree of temptation than we ever could (just as 
only the runner who finishes the twenty-five-mile 
marathon understands completely how grueling the 
race can be, not the man who drops out after ten miles.) 
It is upon this sympathetic Savior that we are to fix our 
gaze, not upon the object of our temptation. 

We have seen from these few Scriptures how tempta- 
tion operates. Again, it must be repeated that many 
other Scriptures illuminate these as well as other prin- 
ciples. But no matter what tactic the Enemy may use, it 
is comforfing to know that God has prepared for us a 
corresponding remedy, as He promised: "The Lord 
knows how to rescue the godly from temptation" (2 
Peter 2:9) and "No temptation has overtaken you but 
such as is common to man; and God is faithful, who will 
not allow you to be tempted beyond what you are able, 
but with the temptation will provide the way of escape 
also, that you may be able to endure it" (1 Cor. 10: 13). 

SPRING 1977 


Mrs. Rudd 
Reflects on 
Bryan's Beginnings 

1 can remember when only one 
Bryan student had a car on campus, 
and now it is a problem to find a 
place to park," Mrs. Judson A. 
Rudd reminisced about early days 
at Bryan College. In a recent inter- 
view, the widow of the man for 
whom Rudd Memorial Chapel is 
named, described her feelings as 
she accompanied her husband to 
Bryan in 1931. 

Young Judson A. Rudd had 
taught mathematics for a year at the 
University of Alabama and had 
spent the following year working on 
his father's ranch in southern Col- 
orado. Drought had brought hard 
times to the ranch, already beset 
with the economic depression that 
followed the stock market crash of 
1929. When the young professor 
wished to resume his teaching 
career and re-applied to the Univer- 
sity of Alabama for a position on the 
faculty, he was told that no vacan- 
cies existed there but that a small 
"university" in Dayton, Tennes- 
see, was looking for a person with 
his qualifications. After applying to 
Bryan and receiving an appoint- 
ment as professor of mathematics, 
he with his wife began their arduous 
journey to the then Httle-known col- 

This interview was conducted by 
Charles H. Robinson, assistant director 
of public relations, with Mrs. Judson 
Rudd, who makes her home on the col- 
lege campus. Mrs. Rudd is a native of 
central Kansas and later lived in 
Olathe, where her father, Rev. W. W. 
Searcy, was pastor of the First Baptist 
Church. Mr. and Mrs. Searcy made 
their home in Dayton in their later years. 
Mrs. Rudd is a graduate of Ottawa 
(Kansas) University, where she met her 
husband, who also graduated at Ottawa. 
Mrs. Rudd has one daughter. Miss Mary 
Frances Rudd, director of continuing 
education and evening instruction at 
Motlow State Community College in 
Tullahoma, Tenn. 

Mrs. Judson A. Rudd, assisted by her 
daughter. Miss Mary Frances Rudd, 
turns the first spadeful of earth for the 
Rudd Memorial Chapel of Bryan Col- 

"It seemed that the Lord had 
opened up the opportunity," Mrs. 
Rudd recalls now. The automobile 
trip from Colorado to Tennessee 
took five days, and Mrs. Rudd still 
remembers a stretch of dirt road be- 
tween Chattanooga and Dayton. 

The couple arrived in Dayton five 
days after school had opened. 
Weary from their journey, they got 
their first glimpse of the Bryan cam- 
pus at dusk. "Much to our sur- 
prise," she comments today, 
"there were no buildings here. It 
was the biggest disappointment of 
my life." Had they not been so far 
from home, they might have turned 

The now beautiful and commodi- 
ous administration building was 
then a vast unfinished basement. 
Classes met in the abandoned high 
school building downtown. What is 
now Cedar Hill dormitory had been 
built three years previously as a 
hospital, but it had failed like many 
other business ventures of that day. 
The college leased the edifice in 
1932 and used it for a women's dor- 
mitory and for faculty apartments. 
It was there that the Rudds lived 

until 1938, when they moved to the 
expanding administration building 
and had an apartment where the 
present main library is located. 

Dr. George Guille, then president 
of the college, died quite suddenly 
just six weeks after the Rudds' arri- 
val. Dr. Malcolm Lockhart, vice 
president, succeeded Dr. Guille. 
Within a short time, he resigned on 
advice of his physician; and Dr. 
Rudd became acting president and 
later president. 

"They tried hard," Mrs. Rudd re- 
lates, "to find someone else to take 
the presidency of Bryan, but it 
seemed that no qualified person 
wanted to risk his reputation by as- 
suming leadership of a school which 
few believed would survive." 
Likewise many people would not 
invest their money in an institution 
whose future was as uncertain as 
Bryan's. How the school survived 
the economic struggle during Dr. 
Rudd's twenty-two years of wise 
and prayerful leadership is another 

Rudd Memorial Chapel stands 
today as a monument to those trying 
and difficult years when the charac- 
ter of the school was being ham- 
mered out on the anvil of faith. Its 
presence attests to the faith of one 
man while assuring all men that 
Bryan College is still a quaHty iq- 
stitution of higher learning where 
"Christ Above All" is more than 
just a motto. It is a reality. 




8:00 p.m. Don Hustad 


5:30 p.m. Rudd and Ryther friends 
Brock Bicentennial Hall 

7:30 p.m. UNVEILING OF 

Rudd family and Alumni 

Rev. Cliff Barrows, speaker 



3:00 p.m. Dr. Jack Dark, preac/ier 


10:00 a.m. Senior Speakers 




iVly first contact with a gospel 
team came as a freshman when I 
was asked to accompany an 
evangelistic team to Atlanta. Be- 
ginning with that weekend, I have 
had many opportunities for service 
in PCI that have changed my life. 

For the last three years at Bryan. 
I have been the vice president of 
PCI in charge of the gospel team 
ministry. This responsibility has 
helped me to develop in the area of 
leadership and has been beneficial 
in my summer ministry with the 
gospel messengers. Frequent con- 
tact with students and with pastors 
has forced me to become more ex- 
troverted in personality. It has been 
a great opportunity for me to learn 
how to work more effectively with 
people of all ages and vocations. 

I have grown to appreciate the 
many areas of ministry that are pro- 
vided for the students to meet their 
various needs. I have seen how the 
other ministries of PCI, such as the 

by Charlie Loshbough 

AWANA program. Bible classes for 
children, summer missions pro- 
gram, nursing home ministry, and 
even the Student Foreign Missions 
Fellowship, all are working toward 
one common end — to provide op- 
portunities for the students to serve 
and also to be stimulated in their 
spiritual growth. It has been a real 
joy for me to see changes in the lives 
of students as they have partici- 
pated in the various ministries, and I 
have also appreciated the opportu- 
nity to serve in a position that gives 
a needed outlet away from the re- 
quirements of academic life. 

I recognize the Lord's will in pro- 
viding the opportunities that have 
been mine in the past four years. It 
is obvious that the practical training 
afforded me is just one more part of 
the total education I have received 
at Bryan College. This practical ex- 
perience will have an effect on the 
musical work that I will be engaged 
in when I leave Bryan in May. 



Charlie Loshbough 

Practical Christian Involvement is the 
name of Bryan's student Christian service 
organization. This year some 330 volun- 
teers have participated in 1 1 various minis- 
tries. Charles Loshbough, a senior major- 
ing in church music, who has been active 
in PCI since his first year, evaluates his 
experiences. Charlie, as he is known on 
campus, is a native of Portland, Oregon; 
but since 1974 his family has resided in 
Canada, where his father is a pastor. Mr. 
Loshbough, who is also a Bryan graduate, 
and his wife are currently living in Biggar, 

SPRING 1977 


HQo© Di@[f)a[raifD®[io ®{ 

1 he first article of the Statement of Faith of Bryan 

College, which is endorsed every year by each member 

of the faculty, as well as the Board of Trustees, reads: 

"We believe that the Holy Bible, composed of the 

Old and New Testaments, is of final and supreme 

authority in faith and life, and being inspired by God, 

is inerrant in the original writings." 

In the perilous times in which we live, it is of tre- 
mendous importance to have a spiritual anchor. 
Through the years, Bryan College has been held true to 
the high purposes of its founders by this anchor — the 
Word of God. 

What is meant when it is said that the Bible is "in- 
spired by God?" Perhaps the basic point is to be found 
in the meaning of the Greek word translated "inspira- 
tion of God" in II Timothy 3: 16, "All Scripture is given 
by inspiration of God." This word means "God- 
breathed." Can you conceive of anything which could 
more aptly convey the idea of coming from the very 
depth of one's being? The Bible issues from the very 
heart of God, as one's breath issues from the very heart 
of one's body. 

Then, too, the part of this Greek word which means 
"breathed" is derived from the same root which is often 
translated "spirit," sometimes referring to the human 
spirit and sometimes to the Holy Spirit. II Peter 1:21 
explicitly teaches that the Holy Spirit was the inspirer 
of the authors. Not only does the Bible come to us from 
the heart of God, but it is vitally connected with the 
work of the Holy Spirit. 

All of this means that when men turn to the Bible, 
they turn to a book which speaks with the authority of 
God Himself, for this is God's Book. Indeed, this is the 
testimony of the Bible to itself. It is said that the Old 
Testament contains at least 2,600 references to its di- 
vine origin, such as "Thus saith the Lord," "The word 
of the Lord came," or other phrases. Paul said to the 
Corinthians, "If any man thinketh himself to be a 
prophet, or spiritual, let him take knowledge of the 
things which I write unto you, that they are the com- 
mandment of the Lord" (I Cor. 14:37). 

Of final authority to the heart of the believer is the 
testimony of our Lord Jesus. He quoted as authoritative 
each of the three divisions of the Jewish canon of Scrip- 
ture, and, in addition, made the statement found in 
Matthew 5:18, "Till heaven and earth pass away, one 
jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass away from the law, 
till all things be accomplished." 

Furthermore, He validated in advance the authority 


of the New Testament by telling His disciples, "Ths 
Comforter, even the Holy Spirit, whom the Father wil 
send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and brinj 
to your remembrance all that I said unto you. . . .Wher 
the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from' 
the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth 
from the Father, he shall bear witness of me. . . .When 
he, the Spirit of truth is come, he shall guide you into all 
truth. . . and he shall declare unto you the things that are 

to come" (John 14:26; 15:26; 16:13). 


God-breathed, mediated by the Holy SpiritJ 

authoritative — these are some of the things involved ir| 

the meaning of inspiration. 

Another fascinating aspect of this topic is the method 
of inspiration. Two factors have to be recognized. Thej 
first of these factors is the divine. Whatever else may be' 
involved, inspiration means above all that God the 
Father, through the Holy Spirit, brought into being this 
authoritafive book, which tells man of God's supreme 
revelation of Himself through Jesus Christ. When the 
Bible speaks , it speaks not with the voice of man but 
with the voice of God. 

The other factor is the human. God did not miracu- 
lously create the Bible out of nothing, as He could have 
done, but He chose to use men as His instruments in its 
production. And He used them just as they were, with 
their individual peculiarities of speech, vocabularies, 
cultural backgrounds, literary styles, and all the other 
human characteristics which distinguish men one from 
the other. It is for this reason that it is important to study 
the historical background of the Bible, since God has 
spoken in the midst of history. 

It is in the blending of these two factors that the great 
miracle of inspiration is to be seen. The Holy Spirit has 
taken human beings, with all their individual per- 
sonalities, and has used them to convey God's message 
authoritatively and infallibly, so that the Bible saysi 
exactly what God intended that it should say. When the, 
Bible speaks, God speaks. The words of men have 
become the Word of God. And yet at the same time, the 
individuality of the men who wrote the Bible has not 
been obliterated. Indeed, it is often through a recogni- 
tion and appreciation of their individualities that fresh 
insights into God's Word may be obtained. 

To go to either extreme in the matter of method leads 
to a distorted view. Many liberals have emphasized the 
human element at the expense of the divine, with the 
result that the Bible has become for them merely 






another human document, with only that authority 
which they wish to read into it. Some conservatives 
have emphasized the divine at the expense of the hu- 
man, so that the Bible has lost the "common touch" 
and no longer speaks in terms which men can under- 

If one had to choose either extreme, the emphasis on 
the divine would doubtless be preferred. Happily, one 
does not have to adopt an extreme view, but can under- 
stand inspiration as the interaction of the two elements 
under the superintendence of the Holy Spirit. This is 
precisely what Peter refers to when he says, "Holy men 
of God spake as they were moved [carried along] by the 
Holy Spirit" (II Peter 1:21). 

Actually, of course, this does not explain the method 
of inspiration, which is ultimately beyond human ex- 
planation. But it may perhaps afford some measure of 
insight into the elements which , blended together by the 
wisdom and power of God, have given men a book 
which, trustworthy down to its very words, meets men 
where they are and lifts them to a new life in Christ. 

One point remains to be made. The message of inspi- 
ration involves more than intellectual assent to certain 
theological propositions orcreedal statements. Belief in 
the inspiration of the Bible, vital and basic as it is, 
becomes a hollow mockery unless it is translated into 
changed behavior. Orthodox doctrine must produce an 
orthodox life. 

Here again the Bible itself bears eloquent testimony 
when Paul says , " All Scripture is given by inspiration of 
God, and is profitable forrfocfrme, ior reproof, for correc- 
tion, for instruction in righteousness , that the man of God 
may be complete, furnished completely unto every good 
work. ' ' Those who believe in the inspiration of the Scrip- 
tures need to be very sure that their behavior conforms 
to their belief. 

This, like the other aspects of inspiration, is the work 
of the Holy Spirit. He who proceeds from the very being 
of God, who overshadowed men as they wrote the 
Word of God, He it is who, dwelling in the body of the 
behever, can use the Word of God to transform human 
life. He can turn an empty, hollow profession of or- 
thodoxy into a full, rich possession of new life in Jesus 
Christ. All He needs is a willing, yielded human being. 

This is the great need of the Christian church today. 
This is the great need of Bryan College today. Through 
submission to God and prevaihng prayer, let us claim 
this transformation for each one of us. 

DR. KARL E. KEEPER, who holds the M.Ed., from the Univer- 
sity of Chattanooga and the Ed.D. from the University of Tennes- 
see Knoxville, has been dean of the school of education at the 
University of Tennessee Martin since 1969. He v^^as administrative 
vice president and academic dean at Bryan for nine years, 1957- 
66. He has been a member of the Bryan Board of Trustees since 
1971 and serves on the academic affairs committee. Both of Dr. 
and Mrs. Keefer's sons, as well as their wives, are graduates of 

The article printed here was originally prepared by Dr. Keefer in 
1963 as one of a series of chapel messages delivered by four 
Bryan faculty members. The series is being reprinted in four 
successive issues of Bryan Life. 


Faith in faith is nothing; 

Faith in God is everything! 
Faith without God is illusion; 

It is God who validates faith . 

Faith does not save; 

Christ saves! 
Faith does not heal; 

Christ heals! 

Faith does not change human nature; 

Christ changes human nature! 
Faith is not a cause; 

Faith is an effect! 

Faith is not humanly generated; 

Faith is a gift of God! 
Faith in faith is futile; 

Faith in God is triumphant. 

Not because of faith 
But because of God! 

' 'By grace are you saved through faith; 
and that (faith) not of yourselves, 
it is the gift of God." Ephesians 2:8. 

Quoted from Perspective, a bi-weekly devotional letter for 
business and professional men by Richard C. Halverson. 
Washington. D.C. 

SPRING 1977 





► Miss Ruth Kantzer, associate 
professor of English, was awarded 
the Ph.D. in English by the Univer- 
sity of Iowa in December. The title 
of her dissertation was "The Sig- 
nificance of the Heart in the Works 
of Nathaniel Hawthorne." Dr. 
Kantzer, whose area of special in- 
terest is American literature, is cur- 

Dr. Ruth Kantzer 

rently serving as chairman of the 
division of literature and modern 

Before joining the Bryan faculty 
in 1973, Dr. Kantzer taught at 
Cedarville College in Ohio, the 
University of Wisconsin, and 
Wheaton College in Illinois. She 
earned the B.S. in English from 
Ashland College, Ohio, and the 
M.A. from the University of Wis- 

Dr. Kantzer is the sister of Dr. 
Kenneth Kantzer, dean of Trinity 
Evangelical Divinity School, Deer- 
field, 111., who delivered the Staley 
Distinguished Christian Scholar 
Lectures at Bryan in the fall of 1975. 

► William L. Ketchersid, as- 
sociate professor of history, led a 
tour group to the Soviet Union dur- 
ing spring vacation, March 8-16. 
Accompanying Mr. Ketchersid 
were Dr. and Mrs. Theodore 
Mercer and students Joan Meznar, 
a junior from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 
and Jill Heisler, a sophomore from 
Montoursville, Pa. 

Flying to Moscow from New 
York by way of Copenhagen, Den- 

mark, the tourists spent three days 
in the Soviet capital and then 
traveled by train to Leningrad, 
where they spent three days. The 
train trip was broken by a one-day 
stopover in Kalinin, formerly 
known as Tver and one of Russia's 
oldest cities with a history dating 
back to the tenth century. It is now 
one of the major industrial centers 
of the Soviet tjnion. 

Mr. Ketchersid made his first trip 
to Soviet countries two years ago 
and organized this year's tour in 
cooperation with General Tours of 
New York, the American organiza- 
tion which directs more travel to the 
Soviet Union than any other agen- 

► Miss Zelpha Russell, director of 
admissions, enjoyed a February 
ten-day tour of Bible lands in Israel 
and Rome with a Chattanooga tour 
group sponsored by Dr. and Mrs. 
Jacob Gartenhaus. The highlights of 
her trip included two days in the 
Tiberias area, where her hotel over- 
looked the Sea of Galilee; three 
days in Jerusalem with side trips to 
Bethlehem, the Dead Sea, and 
Jericho; a tour of the modern city of 
Tel Aviv; and two days of sight- 
seeing in the busy metropolis of 
Rome. "It was a never-to-be- 
forgotten experience," says Miss 
Russell, "and I hope I can go 

► Dr. John B. Bartlett, vice presi- 
dent and academic dean, was one of 
the participants in the recent Con- 
sulting Skills Workshop held at the 
Leadership Center, Bethany Col- 
lege, W. Va. Attended by 
representatives from nearly fifty 
colleges across the nation, the 
workshop was organized by the 
Council for the Advancement of 
Small Colleges National Consulting 
Network and financed by the W. K. 
Kellogg Foundation. The Council 
includes 158 small private colleges. 

► Two faculty members of the 

natural science division presented 
papers before the Tennessee 
Academy of Science during its 86th 
annual meeting in November at the 
University of Tennessee Chat- 
tanooga. The theme of the meeting 
was "Science yesterday, today, and 

Mrs. Betty W. Giesemann, in- 
structor in chemistry and physics, 
read a paper in the section for sci- 
ence and mathematics teachers. 
Her paper was entitled "Under- 

graduate Research in the Small Col- 

David L. Wolfe, instructor in 
mathematics and a graduate in the 
class of 1973, read a paper in the 
mathematics section. His subject 
was "The Asymptotic Behavior of 
the Convolution Product of Real- 
Valued Sequences." 


Two new appointments to the 
faculty for next year will bring to 16 
the number of full-time faculty 
members holding the doctorate. 


K^, ,^B^' 


1 *.^ 




_/ ^ 

Bobby J. Neil 

Bobby J. Neil will graduate from 
the New Orleans Baptist Theologi- 
cal Seminary in May with the Ed.D. 
degree in music and will join the 
faculty as assistant professor of 
music. Mr. Neil replaces Dr. J. 
James Greasby, professor of music, 
who has resigned after nine years on 
the faculty. 

Born across the river from Day- 
ton in Athens, Tenn., Mr. Neil 
graduated from McMinn County 
High School and earned the B. A. in 
music from Carson-Newman Col- 
lege, Jefferson City, Tenn., and the 
M.S.M. in church music adminis- 
tration from Southern Baptist 
Theological Seminary. He also 
studied organ at Winthrop College, 
S. C. The title of his doctor's disser- 
tation is Philip P. Bliss (1838-1876): 
Gospel Hymn Composer and Compiler. 

He and his wife, JuUa, have two 
sons. His hobbies are handcrafts 
and collecting old hymnals. 

Phillip E. Lestman, of Cypress, 
Calif., will join the faculty as assist- 
ant professor of mathematics. He 
was the valedictorian of his class at 
Valley High School in Cerritos, 



Phillip E. Lestman 

Calif., and graduated magna cum 
laude from Biola College with the 
B.S. in mathematics. He is now at 
UCLA on a teaching assistant 
scholarship and expects to receive 
the Ph.D. in mathematics at the 
June commencement exercises. 
Mr. Lestman is married and enjoys 
sports and private study on a variety 
of subjects. He replaces David 
Wolfe "73, a one-year replacement 
for Lloyd Matthes who joined the 
faculty of Liberty College in 
Lynchburg, Va., last fall. 




Bryan is one of 56 colleges in- 
volved in a three-year program of 
institutional development under a 
project known as the Small College 
Consortium. Sponsored by the 
Council for the Advancement of 
Small Colleges, the Consortium has 
a membership representing all sec- 
tions of the United States. Bryan 
has received a first-year grant of 
$22,000 to support the project, 
which is being coordinated by Dr. 
Mayme Bedford, dean of counsel- 
ing services, and Glen Liebig, as- 
sociate academic dean. 

The first phase of the project, in- 
volving planning, research, and 
evaluation, used a faculty and ad- 
ministrative survey which identified 
retention of students as the most 
pressing problem facing the college 
in its institutional development. 
Students were then surveyed to de- 
termine what they particularly like 
about Bryan, what policies or regu- 
lations should be changed and what 
ones should not be changed, what 
people have been helpful and what 

people add strength to the institu- 
tion, and what problems need to be 

The results of the student survey, 
answered by 405 students, and the 
results of the surveys by the faculty 
and administration were discussed 
in small groups at the January fac- 
ulty workshop; and the recom- 
mendations generated are being 
processed by appropriate commit- 
tees or officials. 

Other aspects of the institutional 
development concern enrollment 
and financial aid, academic and stu- 
dent development, personnel man- 
agement and development, and 
fiscal resources management and 
development. Several Bryan per- 
sonnel have attended conferences 
and management courses and have 
also used the services of a consult- 
ant on data information systems to 
evaluate the need for a computer for 
administrative purposes. 

Members of an advising commit- 
tee assisting Dr. Bedford and Mr. 
Liebig are Dr. Paul Biggers, as- 
sociate professor of education; 
Martin Hartzell, assistant professor 
of biology; Dr. Ruth Kantzer, as- 
sociate professor and chairman of 
the division of literature and mod- 
ern languages; and President Theo- 
dore Mercer. 

In the early stages of its work, the 
committee has decided to suggest 
the formulation of a General Educa- 
tion Council to deal with general 
education and the integration of 
faith and learning, with special at- 
tention being given to the possibility 
of developing a "freshman year 
program" that would have the po- 
tential of meeting more adequately 
the needs of freshman students as 
well as fulfilling the objectives of the 
college. In addition, a quesfionnaire 
is planned for mailing this spring to 
parents of new and continuing stu- 
dents regarding their expectations 
of the college. 

Additional reports on the prog- 
ress of the institutional develop- 
ment program will be made periodi- 


In contrast to cold weather and a 
snowfall, which extended Christ- 
mas vacation for one day, was the 
warm-hearted spiritual life confer- 
ence conducted at the beginning of 
the second semester by eight mem- 
bers of the Navigators staff from 
Tennessee and Kentucky. Led by 

Dave Legg, director for the two- 
state area, the conference included 
morning and evening services in the 
Rudd Chapel plus two seminars 
each day which dealt with such top- 
ics as developing a meaningful de- 
votional life, setting up priorities 
amidst pressures, disciple-making, 
and managing finances. 

Among the Navigator staff par- 
ticipating were Roy Zinn, who di- 
rects ministries at the University of 
Tennessee Knoxville; Gordon 
Adams, who represents Navigators 
in Knoxville among the business 
and professional community; and 
Hal Denny, who is area director of 
Louisville, Ky., community minis- 
tries and supervisor of the Univer- 
sity of Kentucky ministry. In addi- 
tion to other professional staff, sev- 
eral Navigator associates assisted in 
the conference. 

The fruit of the conference was 
evident in such expressions as that 
of a student who testified publicly, 
"Through the Navigators Confer- 
ence, I found a tool that has enabled 
me to begin and maintain a consist- 
ent devotional life, something I al- 
ways wanted but never had till 


A sales representative of Herff- 
Jones Co., yearbook publishers, 
has reported to the 1977 yearbook 
staff that each salesman of his com- 
pany carries in his sample case a 
copy of Bryan's 1976 yearbook, T/ze 
Commoner, as a model to show 
prospective clients. The book is 
cited for the four-color cover; end- 
sheets featuring the construction of 
the Rudd Memorial Chapel; an im- 
pressive introduction which utilized 
black and white, duo-tone, and 
color photographs, white tooling 
lines around pictures with reverse 
type on colonial red background 
pages; and the use of American art 
to carry out the theme "One, yet 
many — many, yet one." The Bryan 
yearbook is produced by a student 
staff with a faculty or administrative 
sponsor. Co-editors of the 1976 
book were Gary Degerman and 
Richard Liebig with Dr. Ruth Kant- 
zer as sponsor. 


For the second year, the college 
hosted a Moody Bible Institute 
Family Life Conference in coopera- 
tion with the Chattanooga Moody 

SPRING 1977 




radio station, WMBW. The First 
United Metiiodist Church of Day- 
ton, of which Rev. Harold Buck is 
pastor, and three Chattanooga 
churches — two Baptist and one 
Presbyterian — joined in the round- 
robin conference. This year's 
speakers for the meetings held Feb- 
ruary 27-March 3 were Dr. J. Ver- 
non McGee, of Pasadena, Calif.; 
Dr. G. Allan Blair, of Charlotte, 
N.C.; Rev. Craig Massey, former 
pastor of Des Plaines Bible Church 
and now on the MBI extension staff; 
and Dr. Edgar James, a Moody fac- 
ulty member. 


Discussions on love, courtship, 
and marriage dominated the two- 
day conference on January 20 and 
21 conducted by Dr. Robert 
Nuermberger, executive director of 
the Christian Counseling Service, 
Inc., Chattanooga, and Dr. George 
Knight, associate professor of New 
Testament at Covenant Theological 
Seminary, St. Louis, Mo. Presenta- 
tions on the Biblical basis for build- 
ing a good marriage, for evaluating 
the divorce problem, and for con- 
sidering the abortion issue afforded 
the stimulus for discussion sessions 
with the students. 

Larry Efird, president of the Stu- 
dent Senate, provides a student 


Larry Efird 

reaction to the timely conference in 
his comments which follow: 

"Love? Marriage? Why do I need to 
think about that? My philosophy has 
always been that, when the right person 
comes along, a bolt of lightning will 
strike me down ! Anyway , that" s the way 
it's done on television! 

"According to Dr. Nuermberger and 
Dr. Knight, more than a streak of light- 
ning and T.V. education are necessary 
in starting a Christ-centered marriage. 

First of all, God will show each of us the 
person He wants us to marry. The 
couple must seek God's will above their 
own. God has never made a mistake, 
and His choice of a life partner will be 
better than anyone we could possibly 
dream up. 

"After a person knows the one he is to 
marry, love has to be developed in a 
godly way. The human concept of love 
is dangerously shallow, and we must 
allow God to show the depth of His love 
through us. 

"The final step (not into the grave, 
but into faith!) leads the couple to mar- 
riage. The two lives involved must be- 
come one to enjoy the love reladonship 
God has ordained. By following the 
practical rules for marriage in God's 
Word, the couple will be able to experi- 
ence this new life together as a dynamic 
and powerful testimony for Jesus 

"My attitude now is to forget the 
streak of lightning and 'Love American 
Style." Dr. Nuermberger and Dr. Knight 
stressed finding all the answers in God's 
Word. Anyway, God's ideas have been 
around much longer than ours!"" 


Opera came to the college cam- 
pus on Tuesday evening, February 
8, when the Chattanooga Opera 
Company, brought its production of 
Rossini's tuneful fiar^er of Seville to 
Rudd Chapel auditorium. Bryan 
was one of six caravan stops for the 
production prior to the final produc- 
tion in Chattanooga. The event was 
made possible through cooperative 
arrangements between the Bryan 
concert series and the Rhea Crea- 
tive Arts League. 

Other spring concerts on the 
Bryan calendar include Allison Nel- 
son, concert pianist, March 24; 
Chattanooga Symphony Orchestra, 
March 31; and the Chattanooga 
Boys' Choir, April 14. 


President and Mrs. Hudson 
Armerding of 'Wheaton College vis- 
ited the campus February 13 and 14, 
when Dr. Armerding served as con- 
sultant for the trustees in their in- 
service training program. The ac- 
tivities began with a dinner at which 
Dr. Armerding addressed the trus- 
tees and their wives and representa- 
tives of the faculty, administration, 
and students on the subject of the 
place of the Christian college in to- 
day's society. He also spoke to the 
students at chapel; and he and Mrs. 
Armerding were among special 
guests at a luncheon hosted for the 
trustees by President and Mrs. 
Mercer at Rhea House. Mrs. Ar- 
merding spoke briefly at the lunch- 
eon and sang. 


The Hilltop Players presented on 
February 18 and 19 their second 
round of productions for the year in 
two one-act plays: one, Reimer's 
Ten Miles to Jericho, based on Jesus' 
Parable of the Good Samaritan, and 
the other. An Occurrence at Owl 
Creek Bridge, based on Bierce's 
short story with the same title. They 
were performed before large and en- 
thusiastic audiences in the Rudd 
Chapel auditorium with its spacious 
audience and stage accommoda- 

The productions were directed by 
Miss Rachel Ross, assistant profes- 
sor of speech. In his imaginative 
story of "the man who fell among 
thieves," Earl Reimer describes 
what took place when the priest and 
the Levite were confronted by the 
thieves' victim later at the inn. The 

The Priest and the Levite are confronted by the wounded man at 
the Inn on the Jericho Road in a scene from Ten Miles to Jericho. 





eight student actors making up the 
cast were Jim Wolfe, Indianapolis, 
Ind., who is also president of Hill- 
top Players; Jerry Anderlik, Elma, 
Iowa; Bruce Berndt, Rapid City, 
S.D.; Paul Chappell, Whiting, Ind.; 
Rebecca Hutchins, Dayton, Tenn.; 
Anna Swartz, Lewisburg, Pa.; 
David Turner, Quito. Ecuador; and 
Becky Woodall, Marengo, 111. 

The second drama is the story of a 
Southern plantation owner in 
Alabama who is hanged in the War 
Between the States when he at- 
tempts to sabotage a railroad held 
by the Northern invaders. Produced 
by student director Pam Hender- 
son, Ft. Myers, Fla., the cast for 
this drama included Steve Douglas, 
Waverly, N.Y.; Dubbins Huggins, 
Maitland, Fla.; Karen Jenkins, Et- 
lan, Va.; Beth Reese, Milton, On- 
tario; David Turner; and Ruth 
Wood, Memphis, Tenn. 


Larry Burkett, director of Chris- 
tian Financial Concepts, Inc., De- 
catur, Ga., whose articles on finan- 
cial bondage and financial freedom 
were featured in the two most re- 
cent issues of Bryan Life, visited 
the campus February 10 and 11 to 
speak at chapel and to conduct 
seminars for students. Mr. Burkett, 
who had proved to be a popular 
speaker on these topics last August 
for the annual faculty retreat open- 
ing the academic year, repeated this 
success with students on his second 
visit. The high level of student in- 
terest was demonstrated by large 
voluntary attendance at the night 
sessions, which, according to one 
observer, "looked almost like regu- 
lar chapel." 

A Special-Purpose Tract 

A special-purpose tract entitled 
"How to Explain to a Child About the 
Death of a Loved Christian Parent" is 
available on request either by single 
copies or in quantity. Written by 
Bryan trustee Miss Ruth Huston, of 
Winter Park, Fla., it is based on an 
experience of a close friend whose 
sister died, leaving a five-year-old 
child and an unsaved husband and 
father. The father has since trusted 
Christ and is growing spiritually. Miss 
Huston handles this difficult subject 
with sensitivity, warmth, and Biblical 


Left to right are Gospel Messengers — 
Brian Sclirauger, Debbie Johansen, 
Nancy Bay, Gregg Wrigiit, with accom- 
panist Debbie Day. 

The Bryan Gospel Messengers 
pictured above at rehearsal are 
being booked for eleven weeks this 
summer from May 15 through Au- 
gust 6. Their tour, beginning in the 
Carolinas, will move on into Vir- 
ginia and will follow a northeast- 
erly course into New Jersey until 
the end of June. Heading west 
through Pennsylvania and New 
York, they will go into Ontario, 
Canada, and across to Michigan in 
July, and then will return to Tennes- 
see through Illinois, Indiana, and 

Requests for the team may be 
channeled through the Public Rela- 
tions Office at the college. 


"Orientation to Health Care" 
was the title of an experimental 
six weeks' course in career explora- 
tion offered at the Rhea County 
Hospital by the Bryan Division of 
Natural Sciences to provide expo- 
sure to health care principles and 
procedures. The maximum com- 
plement of twelve students, both 
men and women, quickly filled up 
the course. Records, laboratory and 
X-ray, nursing home care, dietetics, 
and general floor care were the 
areas covered in the on-the-job ex- 

ploration. The students, by twos, 
spent about three hours weekly in a 
section of the hospital observing 
personnel, asking questions, and 
even performing some duties. Stu- 
dents were also required to submit a 
weekly written report on their ex- 
periences; and at the end of the 
course, they met with Dr. Ralph 
Paisley, associate professor of biol- 
ogy, to discuss their experiences 
and make recommendations to im- 
prove the course. 

Hospital Administrator John Ec- 
kert was enthusiastic about the ex- 
periment also as giving college and 
hospital officials an opportunity to 
explore the possibilities of coopera- 
tion in developing an in-service 
hospital training experience for stu- 
dents interested in a nursing care 


Gatlinburg, Tennessee, gateway to 
the Great Smoky Mountains, Ameri- 
ca's most visited national park, offers 
a new attraction in the National Bible 
Museum, which visitors to the South- 
east ought to be sure to see. Operated 
by a former U.S. Air Force chaplain 
and his wife, Mr. and Mrs. Lewie H. 
Miller, Jr., the museum houses one of 
the most unusual collections of Bi- 
bles in the country. On display are 
many first-edition copies of the Bible, 
early volumes from 1535, 1556, and 
1575, and hundreds of Bibles in 
scores of languages from all over the 
world. The total collection is in ex- 
cess of 600 volumes, about 125 of 
which are used for the displays. The 
Bibles in this latter group are in more 
than 100 languages and dialects and 
in many unusual editions. 

The Millers have traveled more 
than 175,000 miles tracking down 
rare or unusual Bibles and showing 
the collection in colleges, churches, 
religious conferences, and military 
bases throughout the United States 
and abroad. Their visit to the campus 
here two years ago, when they 
brought part of the collection, ex- 
cited the kind of response which 
prompts this suggestion for visitors 
to the East Tennessee area. 

This educational outreach is an ef- 
fort to encourage Bible reading, to 
serve as a reminder of the easy 
availability of the Bible, and to high- 
light the known desire and need for 
the Bible in hundreds of additional 
languages overseas. A portion of the 
Museum's admission fee of $1 .25 per 
person is used for the translation and 
diF:;i'ibution of the Bible around the 

SPRING 1977 



After the close of the fall sports 
season, national and district honors 
came to four Bryan athletes — John 
Shalanko, Luke Germann, and 
Brian Chapman in soccer and Eric 
Clarke in cross-country. Shalanko, 
a senior fullback from Ecuador, and 
Germann, a junior forward from 
Nashville, Tenn., were named by 
the National Christian College Ath- 
letic Association to All-American 
status for their performance in soc- 
cer; and Goalie Chapman, from 
Pompano, Fla., was named along 
with Shalanko and Germann to the 
All-Star soccer team of NCCAA 
District 5, which includes most 
Christian colleges in the southern 
part of the United States. Clarke, a 
sophomore from Miami, Fla., was 
named to the NCCAA All- 
American cross-country team after 
his second-place finish at the Na- 
tional meet in Winona Lake , Ind . , in 

Shalanko starred on defense 
throughout the 1976 season and was 
named the Most Valuable Player in 
the national tournament. Earlier he 
had been named to the third team 
All-South soccer squad, an honor 
which takes into consideration the 
competition of all colleges in the 
South, not just NCCAA schools. 
Shalanko, Bryan's all-time most 


The girls' basketball team closed 
out its 1976-77 season by winning 
the Clearwater Christian Invita- 
tional Basketball tournament the 
last weekend in February. Bryan 
defeated Florida Bible College 
81-32 in the first round, beat Clear- 
water 82-42 in the semifinals, and 
rallied from a 21-15 half-dme deficit 
to overcome Covenant 53-34 in the 
championship game. 

By winning the title, the Lion- 
ettes ended the year with a six-game 
winning streak and brought their 
season's record to 15-12. It was the 
first winning season ever for wom- 
en's basketball at Bryan, marking a 
great improvement over last year's 
5-13 mark. This record is evidence 
of the continuing favorable de- 
velopments in women's athletics. 

frequently honored soccer player, 
earlier was given all-conference 
honors for the fourth consecutive 
year by the Tennessee Intercol- 
legiate Soccer Association. 

Germann had a part in each goal 
scored in the national tournament 
and is the second leading point pro- 
ducer in Bryan soccer history. 


All five athletic teams at 
Bryan thus far this year have 
compiled winning records: 
Cross Country 12-4 

Soccer 6-5-3 

Volleyball (women) 20-4 
Basketball (women) 15-12 
Basketball (men) 18-11 

Chapman, Shalanko, Clarke, Germann 


The men's basketball team con- 
cluded its season with a record of 
18-11. The Lions finished third in 
the Southern Christian Athletic 
Conference tournament at Tennes- 
see Temple the last weekend in Feb- 
ruary, losing to Lee 78-70 in the 

The Lions also were eliminated 
from the NAIA District 24 playoffs 
for the second straight season. 

Christian Brothers beat Bryan 74-64 
in that playoff contest. 

Jerry Cline, junior, of Mansfield, 
Ohio, was named Most Valuable 
Player in the SCAC this season. He 
was also selected to the first-team 
All-Conference squad and led the 
league in scoring and field-goal 
shooting. Wes Johnson, sopho- 
more, of Chattanooga, Tenn., was 
named to the second-team All- 
Conference and paced the loop in 
free- throw shooting. 

Left to right standing are coach Tubbs, McGiU, Madden, Burt, Spencer, DuVall, 
Fuller, Williams; kneeling. Stack, Jan Hawkins, J. Crabtree, McReynolds, Branham, 
and L. Crabtree with Clearwater trophies in front. 



Retirement Investment 
Supports Present Ministry 

Mrs. Rebecca Van Meeveren 

n today's society many people have sufficient in- 
come from their current employment or other sources 
to consider making a charitable gift to an institution of 
their choice; however, they may not feel able to make 
an outright gift, knowing that upon retirement they will 
need the income generated by their capital . By the same 
token they may be interested in ways of reducing cur- 
rent income taxes. For Mrs. Rebecca Van Meeveren, 
the deferred payment gift annuity was the answer. She 
recently transferred S 10,000 from her stock portfolio to 
purchase a Bryan College deferred payment gift annui- 
ty. This plan is one in which the donor (before retire- 
ment) simply makes a charitable gift to the chosen in- 
stitution and is paid a guaranteed life income starting at 
a time mutually agreed upon by both parties. Income 
received from this type of annuity never varies, is regu- 
lar, and leaves the investor without worries. 

Mrs. Van Meeveren is completing eleven years of 
service at Bryan College, where she serves as head 
librarian. In 1957 she and her husband joined the Bryan 
staff, Mr. Van Meeveren as associate professor of Eng- 
lish and Mrs. Van Meeveren as head librarian. They 
served in these capacities for five years until they left 
Tennessee and took up new residence in Florida. After 
Mr. Van Meeveren passed away in 1970, Mrs. Van 
Meeveren returned to Bryan in the fall of 1971 as as- 
sociate librarian. In that capacity she served until the 
fall of 1976, when, upon the resignation of Virginia 
Seguine, she assumed the position of head Hbrarian. 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Van Meeveren were reared in 
Christian homes in which the benefits of Christian edu- 
cation were stressed. Although Mrs. Van Meeveren 
hved in the shadow of one of the greatest universities of 
the South, her father firmly believed that for his chil- 
dren it had to be "education in a Christian college or no 
college education at all." Mr. Van Meeveren was bom 
and reared in a strict Dutch community in Iowa, where 
religious education was stressed at a very early age. The 
influence of his early training led him to matriculate at a 
college sponsored by his denomination. It was while the 

Van Meeverens were on the faculty of another Chris- 
tian college that they met and were married. Their 
daughter, also impressed by the importance of Chris- 
tian education, chose to attend Wheaton College in 
Illinois and is now assistant librarian of Toccoa Falls 
College in Georgia. 

When asked what prompted her to buy the Bryan 
College deferred payment gift annuity, Mrs. Van 
Meeveren stated that, working in a Christian college as 
she does, she felt compelled to invest a portion of that 
which the Lord had entrusted to her in the place where 
she was employed. Counsel from Larry Levenger, the 
college director of development, and from Larry Burk- 
ett. Christian financial consultant, who was the special 
speaker for the opening of school faculty retreat, also 
challenged Mrs. Van Meeveren to make a current in- 
vestment in God's work so that she could enjoy seeing 
how it was actuaUy being used in advancing His work. 
When asked her reasons for choosing Bryan College as 
the recipient of such a gift, she immediately replied that 
it was because of Bryan's strong spiritual emphasis, its 
leadership, its high standards for students and faculty, 
and the great progress she has seen take place at Bryan. 
She is convinced that she has made a wise investment 
for the future. 

It was only after careful study in consideration of 
alternate options and in light of professional counsel 
that Mrs. Van Meeveren decided on the deferred pay- 
ment gift annuity as the most satisfactory option for 
currently investing in God's work. Having studied 
other plans, she knew that, although she was very much 
interested in making a charitable gift to Bryan College at 
this time, she also needed assurance of having a guaran- 
teed income at the time of her retirement. Also of spe- 
cial interest was the sizable charitable income tax de- 
duction from which she profited in purchasing the de- 
ferred payment gift annuity. Making this move now 
rather than after retirement has generated much greater 
tax savings. One other benefit which Mrs. Van Meeve- 
ren will derive after retirement is that a portion of each 
guaranteed payment will be tax free. Interested in 
wisely investing all of that which the Lord has commit- 
ted to her care, Mrs. Van Meeveren realizes that ulti- 
mately her heir will be responsible for less estate tax 
and probate cost because of her provision now for the 
cause of Christ. 

For a free booklet on THE DEFERRED PAYMENT GIFT ANNUITY -return coupon to 
QPi^^P,— Q Director of Development, Bryan College, Dayton, TN 37321 

A guaranteed annual Income at retirement 
or another preferred date 

A portion of each payment to be tax free 

No worries over investment management 

The benefit of an immediate charitable 
Income tax deduction 

Please send the booklet. The Deferred Payment Gift Annuity. 






PIK €OLIiEi;i 



BOYS & GIRLS — Grades 4-12 

JULY 10-16 and 17-23 

Basketball • Cheerleading • Soccer 


JULY 16-23 

Programs for children and adults 


— ftS! 

-; ■ -.v isw 

in : 

^^ mm. > if.v 



John P. Oliver 


First Presbyterian Church 

Augusta, Ga. - — 

Ronald Meznar 



Sao Paulo, Brazil 


Charles Westgate 


Community Baptist Church 

Montoursville, Pa. 


Darryl and Lois Bradley 

Pensacola, Fla. 



For complete information, use coupon 
below and mail to BRYAN COLLEGE, 
Dayton, TN 37321 









n Please send information on SPORTS CAMP. 

n Please send information on FAIVIILY BIBLE 




SUMMER 1,97^ 








* ff 



. '-f ): 





Editorial Office: William Jen- 
nings Bryan College, Dayton, 
Tennessee 37321, (615) 775- 

Editor-in-Chief: Theodore C. 

Consulting Editors: John 
Bartlett, Larry Levenger, Re- 
becca Peck, Charles Robinson 

Copy Editors: Alice Mercer and 
Rebecca Peck 

Circulation Manager: Shirley 

BRYAN LIFE Is published four 
times annually by William Jen- 
nings Bryan College, Dayton, 
Tennessee. Second class post- 
age paid at Dayton, Tennessee, 
and additional mailing offices. 

Copyright 1977 


William Jennings Bryan College 

Dayton, Tennessee 

POSTMASTERS: Send form 3579 to 
Bryan College, Dayton, TN 37321. 



Springtime beauty on Bryan 
campus. Photo by Cunnyngham 


Commencement pageantry ac- 
cented by Bryan's scarlet and 
gold. Photos by Larry Levenger. 

Volume 2 

SUMMER 1977 

Number 4 

THE LIBERATED LION: An English professor's rationale for the 
thesis that students educated in the liberal arts with a Christian 
perspective have greater intellectual perception and practical 
judgment than those whose education is essentially job training. 
By Dr. Richard M. Cornelius 

THE CANON OF THE SCRIPTURES: Second in a series of four 
articles on the nature of the Scriptures, dealing with some of the 
internal evidence of the Old and New Testaments which caused 
these books to be recognized as authoritative. By Thomas A. 

vey of the events related to the Rudd Chapel dedication with 

excerpts from major speeches. 


BRYAN: The McKinney Essay winner's response to this topic. By 
Gary Franklin 

CAMPUS REVIEW: Notes on graduation; the faculty and staff 12 

achievements, service awards, and changes; students' summer 
activities; and end-of-the-year sports honors. 

GIVING WHILE LIVING: A personal view of Bryan College by a 15 

founder who shares her philosophy of financial support. 


Commencement is always a time of 
blessing and inspiration, but it was 
especially so this year. Beginning with 
the dedication of the Bennett Prayer 
Chapel a week before, the excitement 
rose steadily to a climax at the outdoor 
graduation. Adding to the usual ex- 
citement was the dedication this year 
of the Rudd Memorial Chapel, to- 
gether with the dedication of the new 
organ and the unveiling of Dr. Rudd's portrait. The campus was thronged 
with special visitors, including some twenty members of the Rudd clan and 
old grads, who returned for the dedication and for fellowship with Dean 
Ryther and other friends of the Rudd years. Cliff Barrows in his address 
called the college community to a commitment to four "new things" which 
God wants of us. I hope you will take note of these four things in the brief 
summary appearing on the center spread devoted to these dedication 

Theodore C. Mercer 




A View of the 
Christian Liberal Arts 

by Richard M. Cornelius 

W hy pay extra to go to Bryan when it's cheaper to 
go to a state school close to my home?" "How is a 
Christian liberal arts college different from a Bible insti- 
tute or a secular liberal arts college? " " "What place does 
liberal have in a college that calls itself evangelical 
Christian?" These and similar questions are in the 
minds of many — especially in a day when accountabil- 
ity in education is being emphasized — and the Christian 
educator should be ready to give an answer concerning 
the reason for the hope of his calling. 

Stated briefly, the purpose of Bryan as a Christian 
liberal arts college is to glorify God in assisting students 
to become mature Christians by providing them with an 
education based on an integrated understanding of the 
Bible and the arts and sciences. Is this merely educa- 
tional jargon? Listen to these voices crying in the wil- 
derness of today's technologically advanced and sup- 
posedly educated society: 

"Give us the educated men. We can train them our- 
selves, but we cannot educate them." (Alfred P. 
Sloan, honorary chairman of General Motors) "The 
most difficult problems American enterprise faces 
today are neither scientific nor technical in nature but 
lie chiefly in what is embraced in the area of liberal 
arts education." (Irving Olds, retired board chairman 
of U. S. Steel) 

"Instead of feeling threatened by secular concepts 
with which they cannot agree, evangelical Christians 
need to raise up a rationally competent generation 
that is both literate in the humanities and articulate in 
its beliefs." (Carl F. H. Henry, editor-at-large,C/zr«- 
tianity Today) 

The liberal-arts education these voices are crying for 
has had a long and honorable history. In general, its 
emphasis on the search for truth and the development of 
the whole person has a Biblical basis. God is the author 
of truth, Christ Himself is the Truth (John 14:6), and in 
Him "are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowl- 
edge" (Colossians 2:3). Man has been commanded to 
exercise proper governance over the earth (Genesis 
1:28) and to think on whatsoever things are true, hon- 
est, just, pure, lovely, of good report, virtuous, and 
praiseworthy (Philippians 4:8). Just as ' 'Jesus increased 
in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and 
man" (Luke 2:52), those of us who are His followers are 
to grow into mature persons "unto the measure of the 
stature of the fulness of Christ" (Ephesians 4:13). This 
we accomplish by complete dedication and develop- 
ment of all aspects of our being, thus obeying the two 
great commandments of loving God with all our heart, 
soul, mind, and strength and loving our neighbor as 
ourself (Mark 12:30-31). 


Richard M. Cornelius, professor of 
English, has been a member of the 
Bryan faculty since 1961. He was an 
honor graduate of Bryan in 1955 and 
earned both the M.A. and the Ph.D. de- i^^^Mf f 
grees at the University of Tennessee at .HHHB^ i 
Knoxville. His doctoral dissertation was entitled "Christopher 
Marlowe's Use of the Bible. " During his overseas military service 
after college, he traveled extensively in Western Europe. In 1976 
he spent his sabbatical at Cambridge University doing independ- 
ent study and writing. 

In particular, the modern concept of the liberal arts 
goes back to the cathedral schools of the Middle Ages, 
in which theology was queen, and the other subjects 
worthy of study as tools for working with ideas were 
grouped into the trivium (emphasizing words): gram- 
mar, rhetoric, and logic; and the quadrivium (emphasiz- 
ing numbers): arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and 
music. The term arts 
denoted intellectual 
skills, and the term 
liberal meant that 
these were the sub- 
jects suitable for a 
freeman, as opposed 
to servile or mechani- 
cal matters. Liberal 
also had associations 
with the Latin words 
for free, book, and 
library. trivium (words) 

This idea of freedom is a key to the liberal arts. The 
person who wonders, "What will a Christian liberal arts 
education help me to do?" has asked the wrong ques- 
tion. The important thing is what the Christian liberal 
arts enables a person iobe. Jesus said, "If ye continue 
in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed; And ye 
shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free' ' 
(John 8:31-32) .Only the person who has accepted God' s 
free gift of salvation by receiving Christ as his personal 
Saviour is freed from the bondage of sin. Paradoxically, 
when a Christian yields himself to God as His 
bondslave, he gains the freedom to become all that God 
intended, to make correct moral choices, and to fulfill 
his responsibilities for the glory of God and the good of 
his fellowmen. When such a person participates fully in 
the experience of a Christian liberal arts education, he 
can by God's grace also be freed from the following: (1) 
the perception of native culture (thinking that American 
concepts regarding methodology, material worth, and 
progress are universal or the only right ones); (2) the 
provinciaHsm of environment (failing to realize that 
one's outlook tends to be narrowly rural or urban, in- 
land New England or beach Califomian); (3) the prej- 
udices of nationality, race, sex, or religion (supposing 
that one's country, color, complexion, or creed are 
better than others'); (4) the problems of heredity hang- 
ups and the chains of sinful habits (engaging in 
thoughts and actions that demoralize, degrade, and de- 
stroy); (5) the perspective of time (evaluating historical 
events , people , or accomplishments from solely a twen- 

SUMMER 1977 




/i / 


/ // 

Knowledge and 



and Critical 


tieth century point of view or from strictly a 1970"s 
position); (6) the pressures of hidden philosophical pre- 
suppositions (accepting, as right and proper, technol- 
ogy with its crushing uniformity; materialism with its 
glorification of the temporal and physical; secular 
humanism with its deification of man; and evolution 
with its naturalistic explanation of the total universe). 

In general theory, 
the Christian liberal 
arts can help free a 
person from the six 
aspects of bondage 
just mentioned by an 
educational experi- 
ence that — like the 
dimensions of a crys- 
tal cube — includes 
length of knowledge 
and understanding, 
breadth of cultural 
appreciation and crit- 
ical judgment, height 
of wisdom and spiritual attainment, and transparent 
solidity of clear, creative communication. 

In specific practice, the application of these theoreti- 
cal principles has changed across the centuries and 
across a particular country in any one century ; but there 
is still widespread general agreement concerning many 
of the aims, emphases, and essentials. The field of 
English illustrates the continuity in spite of the change. 
In the trivium the study of grammar involved Latin — 
not the vernacular, such as English. In America it was 
not until about 1875 that English grammar and composi- 
tion began to eclipse classical studies. Even at that time 
English literature was considered too easy or unsuitable 
a course for college; so in some institutions the study of 
Anglo-Saxon was required of freshmen, and the 
methods used to teach the Latin classics were trans- 
ferred to English. The inevitability of change is dem- 
onstrated by the catalog of St. John's College, 
which — of all schools today in the United States — 
champions "the true meaning of the liberal arts""; but 
even St. John"s allows for changes in its list of great 
books and adaptations in its approach to the traditional 
liberal arts. Although some curriculum change is desir- 
able, one must guard against making basic changes for 
purely pragmatic reasons lest he wake up some day to 
find himself adrift on the sea of education, having 
thrown away the rudder to lighten the boat. Such a 
change occurred at Cambridge University during the 
1580"s, when thecriticGabrielHarveyandtheplay Wright 
Christopher Marlowe were there as tutor and student 
respectively. The specter of relevance and pragmatic 
education (Harvey uses both terms) knocked so insist- 
ently at the gates that it was admitted. It came dressed 
in the cloak of preparing men for government service, 
and many students accepted this garment in exchange 
for the robe of the Erasmusian type of Christian 
humanism that had emphasized the classics, the Bible 
in general, the Greek New Testament in particular, and 
the end of learning being to know and honor Christ. 
Gabriel Harvey substituted Machiavelli for such 
moralistic books as More's Utopia and Plato" s Republic . 

Marlowe, who had come to Cambridge to study for the 
ministry, was drawn for a time into government spy 
work but then used his classical and Biblical knowledge 
in his plays to denounce the evils of pragmatic 

The curriculum of Bryan College reflects both the 
continuity and the change in the concept of the liberal 
arts. Using the college symbol of the lion as a 
framework for the body of truth in general, let us con- 
sider the aspects and interrelationships of the Christian 
liberal arts at Bryan. Some of the groupings below are 
arbitrary and are as much the result of convenience as 
of intrinsic rightness. To be healthy, active, and com- 
plete , a lion must have — among other things — four legs , 
a heart, a head, and a tail. 

One leg of the Bryan curriculum is the area of the 
Humanities. This covers the qualities and organization 
of man's artistic and philosophical endeavors and is the 
record of man's search for truth and beauty in his re- 
sponse to the universe. Courses in this area include art, 
drama, English, foreign languages, linguistics, music, 
philosophy, and speech. The Humanities hold a lamp 
up to the basic questions and situations of life and in so 
doing illuminate ourselves, our world, and our God. 

A second leg of the lion is the area of the Social 
Sciences. This involves the qualities and organization 
of man's associatiois and activities, whether in the 
local family or in international relations. Courses in this 
area include business, economics, history, and social 
studies. The Social Sciences present a calendar sum- 
marizing what happened yesterday, stating why we are 
here today, and suggesting where we are headed tomor- 

Another leg of the lion is the area of the Natural 
Sciences. This investigates the qualities and organiza- 
tion of nature in an attempt to understand and utilize it. 
Courses in this area include biology, chemistry, 
mathematics, and physics. The Natural Sciences pro- 
vide a descriptive and tentative map of the world 
around us that we might make better headway on the 
road of life. 

A fourth leg of the lion is the area of the Professional. 
This is concerned with the mental, emotional, and phys- 
ical behavior of man in his development as an individu- 
al , a member of a group , and a participant in an activity . 
Courses in this area are education (including 
specialized methods courses taught in the three liberal 
arts areas mentioned above), physical education, and 
psychology. General instruction in this area provides 
students with a mirror in which to see and understand 
themselves better, and advanced instruction results in a 
letter of recommendation to a profession, such as edu- 

The tail of the lion is the area of the General and Ex- 
tracurricular. Its purpose is not to wag the body but to 








aid in the balanced development of the physical, social, 
and practical aspects of the individual. Activities in this 
area include such experiences as banquets, ball games, 
bull sessions, and the budgeting of personal finances. 
The General and Extracurricular supplies a driver's 
license with which to get along more easily and quickly 
on our journey through life. 

A lion with four strong legs and a tail is awesome to 
watch as he prowls in his powerful, smoothly coordi- 
nated manner. A lion limping because of a weak leg or 
injured tail is a pitiful sight even though he can still get 
about. It is essential, however, for a lion to have a 
strong heart. In the Bryan curriculum the heart is the 
Bible, and it is represented by the area of Biblical 
studies, which includes courses in ancient languages, 
Bible, and Christian Education. Although it is part of the 
educational purpose of the college to integrate the Bible 
and all fields of learning, the Word of God per se is 
deserving of study , for as the college Statement of Faith 
sets forth, "We believe that the holy Bible, composed 
of the Old and New Testaments, is of final and supreme 
authority in faith and life, and, being inspired by God, is 
inerrantinthe original writings."" The Scriptures consti- 
tute the compass we need to give direction in the mazes 
and mists of life. 

Another essential part of a lion is the head, which 
commands the entire body. At Bryan this stands for the 
Lordship of Jesus Christ, as seen in the college motto: 
"Christ Above All." It is a primary goal of the college 
that this motto will become a living reality in the life of 
each member of the Bryan community. By this time 
perhaps a practical-minded person is asking, "But what 
about a liberal arts education as preparation for a pro- 
fession or for attaining prestige, power, and plenty of 
pennies?"" On the one hand, this is a truly practical 
question and well deserving of an answer. Two of the 
Bryan College educational objectives are: "To guide 
students in developing constructive interests and skills 
consistent with their abilities" and "To provide oppor- 
tunity for students to concentrate on one or more sub- 
jects as a foundation for graduate study or a vocation." 
On the other hand, this question may really be impracti- 
cal in the long-range view of things if it does not recog- 
nize that successful living is more important than suc- 
cessful working; that automation and cybernetics have 
changed or eliminated many jobs (for instance, 40,000 
elevator operators); and that it is short-sighted to train 
students for their first job rather than prepare them for a 
lifetime which may involve several different kinds of 
jobs, the use of mushrooming leisure time, and the 
diversity of family, church, and community acdvities 
which are not primarily job-related. As John Milton 
defined it, "a complete and generous education [is] that 
which fits a man to perform justly, skillfully, and mag- 
nanimously all the offices, both private and public, of 
peace and war." Good as job-training, technology, and 
the accumulation of information are, they do not go far 
enough. Scandals such as Watergate, Lockheed, Gulf 
Oil, and others in this country and abroad were not 
problems of the hand, head, or hardware but were prob- 
lems of the heart. It is situations like these that the 
Christian liberal arts is designed to avoid or remedy, for 
it seeks first and foremost to give attention to a person" s 

character and then his career. 

Let us consider an example of the practical applica- 
tion of the Christian liberal arts, adapting an illustration 
suggested by John H. Fisher (former executive secre- 
tary and president of the Modem Language Association 
and currently chairman of the Department of English at 
the University of Tennessee, Knoxville). 

Suppose that some people want to build a four-lane highway be- 
tween a town and a city forty miles away. There are two feasible 
routes: one is apparently more costly because it entails the purchase 
of right-of-way land paralleling most of the old road; the other is an 
entirely new route over some lowland and will involve damming up 
and diverting a stream. After many discussions, petitions, and delays, 
the lowland route is chosen. The dam and stream diversion floods a 
pastureland, putting several dairy farms out of operation. This in turn 
causes a small milk company to sell out to its competitor. When the 
new road is completed, many businesses on the old road, such as gas 
stations, motels, and roadside markets, begin to fold up. A mother of 
five whose husband has not found work since his gas station shut 
down gets angry when the sole remaining milk company in the area 
raises the price of milk ten cents per gallon. She organizes a protest 
march, things get out of hand, and she is accidentally shot and killed 
by a policeman. A Christian businessman who had campaigned vig- 
orously for the new road watches the report of the incident on TV and 
says to his wife, "That's very sad, but people who demonstrate 
against the law and progress must be willing to suffer the conse- 
quences." Five years after the dedication of the new road, so many 
commuters are using it that accidents on the forty-mile stretch have 
tripled , pollution from the extra cars has caused a three per cent rise in 
the incidence of emphysema and lung cancer, and a new wing on the 
city hospital has to be built to take care of the additional patients. To 
accommodate the additional commuters, several tree-lined blocks of 
old, ornate homes in the city are leveled in order to make room for 
parking lots. The state legislature calls for an increase in the sales tax, 
citing as one of the reasons the increased cost in state-police patrols 
and highway repairs on this and other state roads. Conservationists 
are disturbed because a sub-species offish peculiar to the old stream 
area can no longer be found in the new stream bed or lake. 

Although no one can be expected to foresee all the 
problems inherent in such a complicated construction 
project, a person educated in the Christian liberal arts 
should have been able to put long-range spiritual or 
ethical goals before short-range materialistic gains, 
think through the situation logically, evaluate the needs 
of all concerned, express his opinions clearly and effec- 
tively in speeches or letters, and act and vote accord- 
ingly, realizing that man shall not live by new roads 

Such an illustration could be multiplied many times 
over with fewer or even greater complications on the 
foreign mission field, in the pastoral counseling room, 
and in virtually all walks of life. This is why Bryan 
College as a Christian liberal arts institution seeks to 
produce graduates who have adequately expanded 
concepts of what is relevant, important, and worth- 
while; who know both the limitations of knowledge and 
the major options concerning controversial matters; 
who are obedient to God and His Word; who are matur- 
ing in their relationship with Jesus Christ; who are 
adaptable and yet oriented to eternal verities; who are 
properly motivated and creative; who are clear and 
logical in thought and communication; and who are 
well-integrated personalities desirous of fulfilling their 
responsibility to God and man. Such individuals by 
God's grace have received the free gift of salvation 
through the shed blood of Christ, are experiencing the 
spiritual freedom of the Spirit-filled Christian life, and 
are being freed from the provincialism of time, place, 
and circumstances. 

SUMMER 1977 


(^mm ®f t?CQ© 

by Thomas A. Eckel 

Accepting the fact of the divine inspiration — that is, 
production and preservation of the Holy Scriptures, 
God's Word — as set forth in the preceding article on 
"Inspiration," we come now to the question as to how 
our Bible came to be comprised of its sixty-six unified 
parts. By what "canon" — meaning "critical standard, 
criterion, or test" — were certain books included in our 
Bible and other worthy writings excluded? Could we 
get along with fewer? Would more help? Do we abso- 
lutely need any? Perhaps these questions are best 
answered in reverse order. 

We recognize that there was a time when there was 
no Bible; yet there were men, such as the patriarchs, 
who enjoyed a unique fellowship with God. Abraham, 
for example, was the friend of God; God covenanted 
with him, and Abraham interceded with God on behalf 
of others — all without any written Scripture, as far as 
we know, but not without communication! Here, then, 
is the crux of the matter: of all that God has done or said 
in relation to man, what needs to be preserved and why? 

The key to both the meaning and extent of this record 
which has been preserved is found, I beHeve, in Luke 
24:27, 44, 45, where it is recorded that shortly before his 
ascension, Christ Jesus spoke to some of his disciples; 
and "beginning from Moses and from all the prophets, 
he interpreted to them in all the scriptures the things 
concerning himself. ' ' All of the Old Testament is neces- 
sary, therefore, to convey its basic purpose — the prep- 
aration for the portrayal of God incarnate. 

Two principles, it would seem, are vital to canonici- 
ty: authority and continuity. God's words through men 
and those words validated by acts, whether miracles or 
fulfilled prophecy, and God's acts interpreted by words 
constitute God's plenary Word. "God, who in many 
portions and in various ways spoke in time past unto the 
fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken 
unto us in his Son . . ." (Heb. 1:1,2). Thus, divine 
authority is stated as being partial and as progress- 
ing to the complete. It had to be evident that the 
authority was being sustained even though persons 
vested with this authority passed off the scene. 

Few things are clearer in the history of Israel than the 
fact of the leadership and authority of Moses. His life 
and work constitute a significant part of our Bible. He is 
constantly referred to by succeeding generations as a 
standard. He was the leader of the nation Israel at its 
birth, and the early life and experience of the people in 
the desert is replete with miraculous evidence to sustain 
his exclusive authority from God. Is it any wonder, 
then, that his writings bear the same authority? 

But are we, like the Samaritans, to receive the Pen- 
tateuch and nothing more as written, divine authority? 
The book of Joshua opens with the statement that, upon 
the death of Moses, God spoke to Joshua, saying. 

"Moses my servant is dead, now rise up. . . ."As has 
been said, "God buries His workers but continues His 
work." Once again the history of Israel validates the 
divinely appointed authority of its leader. Perhaps it 
was Joshua, the man at the center of the events of the 
conquest and division of Canaan and the confidante of 
Moses, who recorded in Deuteronomy, chapter 34, the 
events concerning the death of Moses. 

In Joshua 24:26 we are told that Joshua also wrote 
words in the book of the law of God. That he did so 
indicates that the written record of Joshua and Israel in 
Canaan bears the same continuity to the Pentateuch as 
the two persons , Moses and Joshua, did to each other as 
divinely appointed leaders. 

If one follows through with this procedure, it will be 
quite evident that our canonical history continues in 
unbroken fashion down to the return from the Babylo- 
nian captivity. 

Who wrote about Joshua's funeral (Joshua 24:29ff.)? 
We can surmise that the compiler-author of the book of 
Judges may have written of Joshua's death, as Joshua 
may have written of the death of Moses. The fact that 
we do not definitely know who wrote Judges does not 
invalidate the book. It is very likely that Samuel figures 
largely in this matter even as he did in the events of his 
epoch. This great man was the last of the judges, the 
estabhsher of the monarchy, and first in the prophetic 
order. It is not difficult to envision him as the one to 
complete the Biblical record to his own dme. 

Notice how the ending of Ruth (a part of Judges in a 
sense; see Ruth 1:1) reaches back to Genesis and for- 
ward to David. This kind of connecting link is in keeping 
with Samuel's career, which is a preparation for David, 
who stands at the head of the monarchy. 

After the collapse of the monarchy and the sub- 
sequent captivity, Ezra, a scribe and authoritative 
leader among the returned remnant, wrote of the events 
of those times. Not only that, he also wrote the Chroni- 
cles, which are a record of the Davidic Kingdom and 
even reach back to Adam and Abraham. They are in 
essential parallel with the books of the Kings. Another 
vital point is that the ending (II Chron. 36:22,23) is the 
same as the beginning of Ezra (1:1-3). 

Of importance to be noticed here is that each writer 
was conscious, under God, of adding to a progressing 
revelation and of continuing divine authority. The con- 
tribution of the separate prophetic books is still another 
subject, but it is sufficient to say here that most of these 
writings were placed in the canonical, historical record 
already discussed. 

It is interesting to note that some writers whose 
works are considered canonical have judged at times 
the works of their own contemporaries as of divine 
authority also. An example from both the Old and the 




New Testaments will demonstrate. The prophet Daniel 
(9:1,2) regards Jeremiah's words as from God; as a 
consequence he prays and is answered by God through 
an angelic emissary. Hence Daniel's words confirm that 
Jeremiah indeed had spoken and written authoritative 
words from God. 

In the New Testament the Apostle Peter regards 
Paul's writings equivalent to the Old Testament in au- 
thority (II Peter 3:15,16). And Peter's own words 
(found earlier in that same chapter) concerning scoffers 
in the last days are considered by Jude (17,18) as au- 
thoritative apostolic prediction, words spoken be- 
forehand concerning a divine perspective of the future. 
So we are impelled to the conclusion that "canonical" 
is virtually equivalent to prophetic or apostolic. 

Add to this the continual, voluminous use of the Old 
Testament by the New Testament writers. Matthew, 
the first writer in order in our English Bible, opens by 
connecting Jesus Christ to David and Abraham. Then 
he directly connects the life and work of Jesus as Mes- 
siah to the prophet Isaiah (40:3) and his messianic out- 
line by introducing John the Baptist as both fulfiller and 
forerunner." Later in his Gospel (17:11-13), as he re- 
lates Jesus' own claim for John as the Elijah who was 
promised in the closing statement of Malachi, Matthew 
thereby connects his word and ministry to the already 
received last canonical writing of the Old Testament. 

We pointed out earlier that the key to the canon is to 
be found in the writings of the Old Testament because 
they speak of Christ. Now that we have reached the 
portrayal of that Person in the Gospels, where else is 
there to go? It is precisely here that apostolic authority 
extends the picture. 

In the Gospel of John (17:8), Jesus says to the Father, 
"I have given them the words which Thou gavest me." 
A little earlier (14:26) He promised them that the Holy 
Spirit would teach them all things and bring all things to 
their remembrance — that is, what Jesus had said to 
them. Soon after, Jesus says (16:12ff.), "I have yet 
many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them 
now. But when the Spirit of truth is come. He will guide 
you into all truth. . . . He shall glorify me." In so speak- 
ing to the apostles, Jesus made clear that the writings 
produced through them would be authoritative or ca- 
nonical, reflecting back to and forward from the person 
and work of Christ. 

That such a standard should be fixed and final was 
understood at least by the Apostle Paul, for in II 
Timothy 2:2 he exhorts that what he has said is to be 
committed to faithful men for them to teach to others. 
The early Church Fathers recognized this principle of 
apostolic authority and did not add their own writings to 
those apostolic books and letters which came to be 
recognized as Scripture. 

Thomas A. Eckel was assistant profes- 
sor of Bible and French at Bryan from 
1961-69. After seven years as headmaster 
of Charlotte (N.C.) Christian School, he is 
planning to enter the ministry under the 
Presbyterian Church U.S. He holds the 
bachelor's and master's degrees from 
Wheaton (III.) College. 

This article on the canon of Scripture 
was originally given in 1963 as one in a 
series of four chapel messages by Bryan 
faculty members on the inspiration of the 
Bible, the canon of Scripture, and the text 
of the Old and New Testaments. These 
messages, later printed in booklet form, 
are now being reprinted in the four 1977 
issues of this magazine. 

Other examples of Paul's consciousness that God 
was speaking authoritatively through him are found in 
II Thessalonians 3:14,17: "If any man obey not our 
word by this epistle . . . have no company with him." 
He then distinguishes his letters from those of any other 
author by a certain epistolary closing. Again, in I 
Corinthians 14:37, Paul states: "If any man thinks him- 
self to be . . . spiritual, let him acknowledge that the 
things that I write unto you are the commandments of 
the Lord." 

The Apocalypse, the last book of the canon, con- 
cludes with a solemn warning concerning anyone who 
adds or detracts from what is written therein, for the 
obvious reason that there is nothing to be added to the 
final revelation. Jesus Christ is presented as the Culmi- 
nation, the Lord of Heaven, and the Sovereign of earth 
and history. 

During the early centuries A.D.. both the persecu- 
tions which the Christians experienced and the heresies 
which multiplied, contributed to an active preservation 
of the writings regarded by the Church as authoritative 

Therefore by the fourth century the canon stands as 
we now have it, every book and letter having been 
subjected to the test of time and perishability, under the 
providential preservation of God, who acts and speaks 
in the Person of His Son, Jesus Christ. 

SUMMER 1977 


April 23 

Dedication of Bennett 
Prayer Chapel 

April 30 

Dedication of Baldwin 
l\/lulti-Waveform Organ 

Dr. Don Hustad 
Louisville, Ky. 

May 1 
Alumni Buffet Supper 

Above, Mr. Ryther receives a 
plaque from Allen Jewett '52, in rec- 
ognition of 26 years of service at 

At left are Mrs. Lloyd Fish, Winona 
Lalte, Ind., and Dwight W. Ryther, 
DeLand, Fla., standing, who were 
longtime staff associates of Dr. Rudd, 
with Mr. and Mrs. Ben Purser, Day- 
ton, seated, who were students in the 






Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Bennett 
Sebring, Ohio 

by D. W. Rytlier 

"Back in the days when tuition at Bryai 
$25 a quarter, students sometimes paid theii 
on the hoof, in the bag, or by the jug. A cow, 
sweet potatoes, or sorghum molasses wer 
quently substitutes for cash. 

"It was during such times that I came t 
preciate and to love the man whom we i 
today — Judson A. Rudd. Of all the men I 
known over the past forty-five years, I have i 
met one more consistently Christlike in his 
walk than was Dr. Rudd. 

"Dr. Rudd was a dedicated man — dedica 
his family, dedicated to his church, dedicat 
his college. 

(This tribute was excerpted from th 
speech given by Dean Ryther, who was 
special guest of honor at the dedicatio 
because of his long association with D 






;tt Prayer Chapel 


aveform Organ 






Unveiling of Rudd Portrait 

r. Rudd was determined. He not only would 
jt he could not give up. 
r. Rudd believed God — and the impossible 
ccomplished. He knew that a faithful Father 
to honor the requests of a faith-filled child. 
believe Bryan College stands here today as 
suit of the efforts of many faithful men and 
:n, students, faculty, and staff. But I also 
'e most sincerely that the college is the prod- 
asically, of God's use of the dedication, the 
nination, and the faith of Judson A. Rudd. 
a testimony, what a challenge he has left us, 
ow fitting a memorial to such a man is this 
iful Rudd Memorial Chapel!" 

Dr. Mercer leads service of dedication as 
Mrs. Rudd, Mary Frances, and Aunt Lettie 
Archer stand beside tlie pulpit. 

Cliff Barrows, dedication speaker 


Cliff Barrows based his address for the dedication of Rudd 
Chapel on Isaiah 43:18, 19: "Remember not the former things, 
neither consider the things of old. Behold I will do a new thing; now 
it shall spring forth; shall you not know it? I will even make a way in 
the wilderness, and rivers in the desert." 

He said, "The dedication of this chapel will not get any farther 
than this service this evening unless you and I as concerned indi- 
viduals are willing to say, 'Lord, renew my own dedication." God 
says, 'Don't remember the former things; behold I will do a new 
thing.' " Mr. Barrows then proceeded to suggest four "new 
things" God wants of us: 

1. A new dedication to the task before us based on conviction 
and confidence in His word 

2. A new personal discipline in our lives 

3. A new daring in our faith 

4. A new demonstradon of God's power 

Rudd family members attending the dedication are pictured in back row, 
left to right: J. T. EUiott***, Eugene Stifel, Mrs. Stifel***, Ralph Rudd*, 
Herbert Rudd*, Mary Frances Rudd, Harold Rudd*, Mrs. Samuel Rudd, 
Samuel Rudd*, Mrs. Douglas Pringle (Ruhe Rudd)**; front row, Mrs. J. T. 
Elliott, Mrs. LaVerne Donovan**, Mrs. Lewis Coppoc*, Mrs. Judson 
Rudd, Mrs. Herbert Rudd, Dr. Lettie Archer (aunt of Dr. Rudd), and Mrs. 

Harold Rudd. * "rst cousins of Dr. Rudd 

** second cousins of Dr. Rudd 
♦•• cousins of Mrs. Rudd 

SUMMER 1977 



Gary Franklin 

Essay Contest 

Beginning in 1970, Dr. J. Wesley 
McKinney of Memphis, chairman of 
the board of trustees, instituted a 
writing competition in which 
graduating seniors were invited to 
submit essays on the topic of "How 
Bryan College Has Changed Me and 
How I Would Change Bryan Col- 
lege." Dr. McKinney selects the 
winning essay, and the cash prize of 
$100 is presented at graduation. 
The entries are processed anony- 
mously so that the identities of the 
writers are not known until after the 
winning selection has been made. 
On request ofthe writers, the essays 
may double as entries in the com- 
petition for student commence- 
ment speakers. Three such essays 
were chosen, also anonymously, for 
commencement addresses in lieu 
of an outside speaker this year. 

This year's winning entry in the 
McKinney competition, by Gary 
Franklin of Westland, Michigan, a 
history major, is reprinted here. The 
process of shortening the essay 
necessary for its use in this 
magazine has not changed the con- 
tent or the substantive style of the 

L he choice of a college is impor- 
tant because the college experience 
has an impact upon the total 
person — socially and spiritually, as 
well as academically. As I examine 
those areas in which Bryan College 
has most clearly changed my life, I 
find that there have been major 
changes in my attitudes toward my- 

How Bryan 
Changed M 

self, toward others, and toward 

When I came to Bryan as a 
freshman, I arrived with many 
hopes and expectations^ Naturally I 
had a strong desire to please my 
parents, but my primary goal was to 
mature and develop into the indi- 
vidual God would have me to be. 
Looking back now as a senior, I can 
see God's working in my life to 
bring me closer to the person He 
would have me to be, and yet it is 
not possible to put into words all the 
lessons He has taught me. How- 
ever, three particular lessons do 
stand out in my mind. The family- 
like environment of Bryan College, 
where I was in continuous contact 
with over five hundred other stu- 
dents, provided me with the oppor- 
tunity to make progress in interper- 
sonal relationships. I learned that it 
was necessary for me to be com- 
pletely open and honest in all my 
dealings with people. I discovered 
that if I was not honest and open, 
the inevitable result was damage to 
other individuals, great hurt to my- 
self, sometimes even to the loss of a 

In my sophomore and junior 
years when I became involved in 
student leadership, I learned that 
the key to becoming a respected 
leader was first of all to be a self- 
sacrificing servant. Only when I 
was willing to sacrifice my personal 
ambitions for the sake of the other 
individuals would my efforts be 
worthwhile and meaningful. 

Finally , as I began my senior year 
with all the fears of graduation and 
the anticipation of establishing my- 
self in the world, I learned what I 
feel has been the most valuable of 
my lessons concerning myself. As I 
looked back at the various conflicts 
I had been through with different 
individuals, 1 realized that I had 
learned the most from those indi- 

viduals as a direct result of these 
conflicts. The Lord had used these 
situations to make me discover the 
principle that there is much wisdom 
to be found in experience, that 
knowledge alone is not enough, 
without the proper balance between 
knowledge and experience. 

My years at Bryan have also been 
very profitable because during them 
my attitudes toward others have 
changed. I began to see how selfish I 
had been in my relationship to 
others in that I had failed to see that 
other individuals were important 
and consequently that their needs 
were important. Becoming more 
aware ofthe needs of people helped 
me to realize the necessity of totally 
accepting another individual for 
what he or she is, rather than trying 
to change that individual into some- 
one I would hke him to be. 

However, the most important 
area of development in my years at 
Bryan has taken place in my rela- 
tionship with and attitude toward 
God. He has taught me two very 
distinct lessons. First of all, I am to 
love Him with all my heart, soul, 
and mind. As I present myself to 
Him, He desires my entire being, 
personality, and character; any- 
thing short of this total commitment 
is a sign of an incomplete love on my 
part. Too often I found myself ^ow^ 
different things with the hope that 
my service in itself would draw me 
closer to God. Yet this led only to a 
great deal of frustration, because I 
was not maturing spiritually and my 
efforts were meaningless and often 
fruitless. Through this frustration 
God has shown me that His primary 
desire is not that I serve Him, but 
rather that I love Him. As my 
heart's desire becomes to love and 
know Him in a deeper way, only 
then will my service be acceptable 
to God and further my spiritual 
growth. And as I come to know Him 



nd How I Would 

Change Bryan 


Graduates receive diplomas in outdoor 

more intimately, the fruit of the 
Spirit will naturally manifest itself 
without the self-effort that I so often 
felt was necessary. 

The second lesson that I have 
learned about God is that He pro- 
\ides for His children: my years at 
Bryan stand as a testimony to His 
gracious provision. Throughout my 
college years, it has been a struggle 
for my parents and me to finance my 
education at Bryan, a fact which 
often led me to worry and to become 
discouraged. It is clear that God has 
allowed me to experience this to 
bring about a greater dependence on 
Him through a complete recognition 
of my inadequacy. It was in the 
times of my greatest discourage- 
ment that I would finally turn to 
God. The promise that I claimed 
and God proved to be true is found 
in Matthew 6:33-34a: ""But seek 
first His kingdom and His right- 
eousness and all these things shall 
be added to you. Therefore do not 
be an.xious for tomorrow. . . ."" 
Only after I turned to God and 
claimed His promise did the dis- 
couragement leave and a restful 
peace flood my heart. Having 
grasped the truth of this promise. I 
can press on towards maturing in 
this life with the confidence that 
God is going to bring all things into 
my life that are necessary to make 
me into the individual He desires me 
to be. 

Along with the love I feel for 
Bryan. I also feel a great desire to 
see Bryan consistently improve in 
quality. In discussing how I would 
change Bryan College. I shall make 
a recommendation that is primarily 
academic in nature. If implemented. 
I feel that it would have very posi- 
tive results both socially and 
spiritually. The purpose of a Chris- 
tian liberal arts college is to provide 
a beUever with the highest possible 
standard of education taught with a 
Christian perspective. Our faculty 
members are hindered in reaching 
this objective because they are 
overloaded in their teaching re- 
sponsibilities, a fact which causes 
frustration on their part and inhibits 
the educational potential of the stu- 
dent. Having so much responsibility 
in teaching, the faculty member is 
limited in his preparation and in the 
quality of material he is able to offer 
the student. From the standpoint of 
the student, it is depriving him of the 
quality of education to which he is 
entitled. This is not to imply that 
Bryan has inferior quality of educa- 
tion, but rather that as Christians we 
should be constantly striving to im- 
prove our quality. One of the dis- 
tinctives of Bryan College has been 
that it has maintained a low 
faculty-student ratio: but as this 
ratio begins to change with our in- 
creased number of students, so does 
the uniqueness of the education at 
Bryan. Keeping in mind the purpose 
of a Christian liberal arts education. 
I see a need for faculty expansion to 
meet the growing academic needs at 
Bryan. This is essential because 
only when Bryan increases its qual- 
ity of education will it be able to 
expand its spiritual and social im- 
pact. The hiring of additional fac- 
ulty members would obviously re- 
sult in a higher quality of education, 
because faculty members would 
have more time to develop and ex- 

pand their area of specialization. As 
a result, the student would have the 
opportunity to take advantage of a 
greater depth of specialization. A 
relaxation of academic responsibil- 
ity on the part of the professor 
would also result in the increased 
amount of time he could devote to 
individual students and their par- 
ticular problem areas. It has been 
my experience that the classes I 
have had with fewer class members 
have been my most profitable ones 
because I was able to take advan- 
tage to a greater degree of my 
teachers" knowledge. An improve- 
ment in quality in this area would 
result in a Bryan student's being 
better equipped to compete in our 
world. Furthermore, this increased 
quality of teaching from a Christian 
perspective would enable the stu- 
dent more clearly to understand and 
to deal with the philosophical trends 
and attitudes of this world from a 
Biblical viewpoint. 

In conclusion, after reflecting 
upon my four years at Bryan. I see 
them as having been very profitable 
socially, spiritually, as well as 
academically. Through the various 
experiences I have encountered, it 
becomes very clear that God has 
used Bryan College to mature me 
into an individual who is now better 
equipped to deal with the realities of 
this world. 

Three coeds — Gloria Price, Rhonda 
Jacl<son, and Debbie Johansen — smile 
their farewells. 

SUMMER 1977 




► WUliam L. Ketchersid, as- 
sociate professor of history, was 
awarded the Ph.D. in history on 
June 10 by the University of Geor- 
i gia. The title 
of his disserta- 
tion was "The 
Maturing of 
the Presidency, 

Dr. Ketcher- 
sid earned his 
B.A. in history 
from Tennessee 
WiUiam Ketchersid Wesleyan Col- 
lege and the M.A. from the Univer- 
sity of Tennessee in Knoxville. He 
taught at Bryan from 1966-69, left to 
attend graduate school, and re- 
turned to the faculty in 1973. 

Chairman of the Faculty De- 
velopment Council for 1974-75, Dr. 
Ketchersid was trained by the 
Council for the Advancement of 
Small Colleges in 1975-76 as an on- 
campus consultant in faculty de- 
velopment. He was faculty chair- 
man in 1974-75 and has been elected 
vice chairman for 1977-78. 

Dr. Mayme Bedford and 
Mrs. Laurel Wells 

^ Shown above, left, is, Dr. 
Mayme Bedford, student aid officer 
and dean of counseling services, 
who was honored recently at the 
annual meeting of the Tennessee 
Association of Student Financial 
Aid Administrators. Dr. Bedford 

has been a member of TASFAA 
since 1968, when she became stu- 
dent aid officer at Bryan. Presenting 
the award, right, is Mrs. Laurel 
Wells, Collegedale, president of the 
statewide organization. 

► Dr. Merlin Grieser, assistant 
professor of chemistry, was hon- 
ored by his three senior majors with 
a plaque on Honors Day in appreci- 
ation of his work in re-establishing 
the chemistry major at Bryan. 


The following persons were 
awarded citations of merit for years 
of service at the annual Honors Day 

Miss Zelpha Russell 

Director of Admissions 
(Also awarded a $ 1 ,000 bond 
from the trustees at com- 

Vern A. Archer 

E. Walter Seera 

Director of Student Recruit- 


Dr. Robert P. Jenkins 

Professor of Business and 

Dr. Brian C. Richardson 

Associate Professor of Chris- 
tian Education 
John G. Reeser 

Assistant Professor of Physical 

Education and Head Soccer 

Charles H. Robinson 

Assistant Director of Public 

Miss Rachel J. Ross 

Assistant Professor of Speech 
Earl Walker 

Maintenance Mechanic 


Mr. and Mrs. Larry Wooten 

(For outstanding service as new 

Mr. Wooten — Supervisor of 
Janitorial Service 

Mrs. Wooten (Brenda) — Sec- 
retary in Administrative Sup- 
port Services 



Si '^^'^m 

W % "^^ 1 } 'f ^' ^'^^1 

ljL '' L^Hbl jJluft m^^ 


^Kt^!.';."''.' ^^ 

tf^ m^B 

Shown above is Mrs. Harry C. 
Johnson of Athens, Tenn., who was 

named Mother of the Year by the 
Chamber of Commerce of that city. 
Mr. Johnson, right, served as an ac- 
tive trustee of the college from 
1949-67. Mr. and Mrs. Johnson con- 
tinue their active interest and in- 
volvement in the affairs of the col- 
lege. Their granddaughter Dorothy 
is a member of the rising senior 
class. A highlight of the year is the 
annual retreat for faculty and ad- 
ministration held at the Johnson's 
cabin on Watts Bar Lake. 


Formal farewells were said dur- 
ing faculty workshop to a number of 
faculty and staff personnel, who, for 
various reasons, are leaving the col- 
lege to pursue their careers in other 
places and other ways. 

Dr. Tom Biller, assistant profes- 
sor of psychology since 1973, is 
leaving to enter the private practice 
of clinical psychology. 

Mr. Martin Collins '73, who was 
under annual contract as instructor 
in accounting, is a native Rhea 
Countian and plans to continue his 
teaching career in the public schools 
of the local area. 

Mrs. Grace Ely '75 has left with 
her husband, Fred '74, who will be 
working in the home office of the 
Sudan Interior Mission, Cedar 
Grove, N.J. Mrs. Ely's two years of 
service with the college were in the 
Records Office as assistant registrar 
and teacher certification counselor. 

Dr. J. James Greasby, who re- 
signed after nine years as professor 
of music, will be giving his time to 
private teaching, serving as church 
organist, and "getting in some prac- 



Mrs. Madelyn Hansen, the college 
nurse for the second semester, goes 
with her husband, Glenn "77, who is 
in a ministry as church director of 
education and youth in Dixon, 111. 
Mr. Howard Hutchins has retired 
after two years as college security 
officer; and Mr. Tom McManus '74, 
supervisor of grounds, has been ac- 
cepted for graduate study in history 
at East Tennessee State University. 
Mr. Larry Puckett '73, admis- 
sions counselor for four years, and 
his wife, Patty (Baker) '75, are mov- 
ing to Memphis, where he has been 
accepted at Memphis State Univer- 
sity law school. 

Miss Miriam Sailers '71, instruc- 
tor in education and psychology 
since 1974 and head resident of Hus- 
ton Hall last year, will begin work 
toward her doctorate in psychology 
at Rosemead, Calif. Mr. Jerry 
Sawyer, assistant professor of Eng- 
lish since 1972, whose contract was 
not renewed, indicated that he plans 
to complete his doctorate. 

Mr. Frank Schmickl retired as 
part-time maintenance mechanic; 
and Mrs. Helen Stanileld, secretary 
in support services, is going with 
her husband, Larry '77, who will be 
on the faculty of Lakeland Christian 
School in Florida. 

Miss Susan Waddell '74, head res- 
ident of Maranatha last year, left to 
be married in June; and Mr. Lynn 
Wheeler '75, director for two years 
of Practical Christian Involvement, 
moved from the area to engage in a 
local church ministry. 

Mr. David Wolfe '73, a one-year 
replacement as instructor in 
mathematics, will undertake a doc- 
toral study at University of Tennes- 
see in Knoxville. 

Miss Virginia Seguine, director of 
library services since 1964, has re- 
signed her position to pursue a 
ministry with the Campbell-Reese 
evangelistic team of Milton, On- 
tario. She was 
on leave of ab- 
sence this past 
year to explore 
this ministry. At 
graduation a ci- 
tation of merit 
along with a 
check of ap- 
preciation was 
Virginia Seguine presented to 

Miss Seguine. Mrs. Rebecca Van 

Meeveren, assistant director of li- 
brary services, who served as acting 
director this past year, now as- 
sumes this head responsibility on a 
permanent basis. 


OF '77 

The Class of 1977, numbering 
113, represented twenty-eight 
states and five foreign countries. 
Included in the graduating class 
were three married couples and 
twenty other married students; 
twenty-three with brothers or sis- 
ters who attended, or now attend, 
Bryan; five children of alumni; five 
children of faculty and staff; four 
sons and daughters of missionaries; 
two brother-sister pairs; and one the 
son of a trustee. Individual pictures 
of the seniors are appearing in the 
summer issue of the alumni 
magazine, Bryanette, where com- 
mencement honors are printed also. 

The following parents were rec- 
ognized at the graduation cere- 
monies for the number in their fam- 
ily who have attended and been 
graduated from Bryan, with each 
family represented in the 1977 class: 

Mr. and Mrs. R. Don Efird, Kan- 
napolis, N. C, whose son Larry is 
the third of four sons to attend and 
the second to be graduated; 

Rev. and Mrs. Allen B. Jewett, 
Henderson ville, N.C., whose son 
Douglas is the third graduate in his 
family of whom four have attended 
Bryan, the father also being an 

Dr. and Mrs. Carey Johansen, 
Richmond, Va., whose daughter 
Debbie is the fourth in her family to 
attend Bryan and the third to be 
graduated ; 

Mr. and Mrs. Guy Porcella, 
Miami Springs, Fla., whose son 
Glenn is the third of three sons to be 
graduated ; 

Mr. and Mrs. Ed Steele, Dayton, 
whose son John was the fourth in 
that family to be graduated, with a 
fifth now enrolled (Mrs. Steele is a 
member of the college staff); 

Mrs. Dean F. Triplett, St. 
Petersburg, Fla., whose daughter 
Kathy was the third daughter of that 
family to be graduated (Mr. Triplett 
died last winter; Mrs. Triplett was 
unable to be present but was rep- 
resented by Kathy); 

Dr. and Mrs. Glen Turner, 

Ecuador, whose son and daughter, 
David and Esther, make three of 
that family to be graduated (Dr. 
Turner traveled the farthest to at- 
tend graduation; understandably 
Mrs. Turner was unable to attend); 

Professor and Mrs. Alan Winkler, 
Dayton, whose daughter Connie 
was the second daughter to be 
graduated, with Mr. Winkler him- 
self being a graduate (Mr. Winkler is 
assistant professor of Bible on the 
college faculty); 

Rev. and Mrs. Gene Witzky, Ft. 
Wayne, Ind., both of whom are 
graduates of the college in the Class 
of ' 5 1 and whose daughter Joy was a 
member of the Class of '77. 

Bene Hammel delights the commence- 
ment audience with his recital on the new 


A grateful college community 
applauded again and again as Bryan 
athletes were honored during the 
annual athletic awards banquet on 
April 22. The honors listed here 
have not been previously reported 
in Bryan Life. 

Basketball ace Jerry Cline and 
record-setting Eric Clarke were 
named co-athletes of the year. 
Cline, a junior from Mansfield, 
Ohio, who garnered the MVP and 
best rebounder awards , led the team 

Jerry Cline Eric Clarke 

in nearly every category and won 
selection to many all-star teams. 
Clarke, a sophomore from Miami, 

SUMMER 1977 


Fla., broke Bryan's course record, 
made several all-star squads, and 
was chosen cross-country MVP. 
Most improved runner award went 
to Bruce Berndt of Rapid City, S.D. 

Soccer Coach John Reeser pre- 
sented the best offensive player 
award to Luke Germann, Nashville, 
and best defensive player prize to 
John Shalanko, Quito, Ecuador. 
Awards for best hustle went to 
Charhe Goodman of Athens, Ala., 
and for most improved to Rocky 
DaCosta of Bermuda. 

Tennis coach John Reeser 
awarded letters to his entire team: 
Paul Combs, Mark Combs, Dan 
Dark, David Sligh, Dan Allen, Bob 
Jensen, and Mark Poole. Paul 
Combs, Franklin, Ohio, who was 
also student assistant coach for both 
men and women, earned the MVP 
honor; and Dan Allen, Atlanta, Ga., 
was most improved. The season 
record was seven wins and five 

In baseball Brian Chapman, 
Pompano, Fla., took best offensive 
honors; Jim Johnson, Miami, Fla., 
was best defensive; and Chapman 
shared MVP with Dennis Metzger, 
Dayton. The team posted a season 
record of 12 wins, 14 losses. 

In women's sports Louise Burt, 
junior of Lima, Peru, was named 
woman athlete of the year for her 
performance in basketball and vol- 
leyball. Loretta Spencer, Asheville, 
N.C., was named MVP in basket- 
ball for the third straight year and 
top rebounder this year. Sandy 
Stack, Hollywood, Fla., was most 
improved and also received cita- 
tions as leading scorer and for best 
free-throw percentage. The wom- 
en's tennis club had a 4-1 season. 
Louise Burt 


The Bryan Gospel Messengers 
are traveling in the Northeast and 
Midwest on a twelve-week schedule 
which began on May 15. Their 
itinerary as completed at press time 
is shown from June 13. 

Mon.-Sat., June 13-18 
Woodstock, VA 

Sat.. June 18, 7:30 p.m. 
Hurlock, MD 

Sun.. June 19, 11:00 a.m. 
Seabrook, MD 

Sun., June 19, 7:00 p.m. 

Lusby, MD 

Wed., June 22 


Wilmington, DE 

Thurs., June 23. 7:00 p.m. 
Egg Harbor City. N.J. 

Sat.. June 25, 7:30 p.m. 
Pompton Plains, N.J. 

Sun.. June 26. 7:00 p.m. 


Pennsville, N.J. 

Tues.. June 28, 7:00 p.m. 
Dallas. PA 

Wed., June 29, 7:00 p.m. 
Montoursville, PA 

Thur., June 30, 7:30 p.m. 
Waverly, N.Y. 

Fri., July 1, 6:30 p.m. 


Stockton, N.Y. 

Sat., July 2, 7:30 p.m. and 
Sun.. July 3. 11:00 a.m. 
London, Ontario 

Sun., July 3, 7:00 p.m. 
Milton. Ontano 

Tues.. July 5. 7:30 p.m. 
Glennie, MI 

Wed., July 6, 7:00 p.m. 
Cadillac, MI 

Fri. and Sat., July 8-9 


Hickory Comers, MI 

Sun,. July 10, 9:30. 10:30 a.m. 
Elkhart. IN 

Sun., July 10. 5:45 p.m. 
Holland, MI 

Mon. and Tues., July 11-12 


Hickory Corners, MI 

Wed.. July 13, 7:30 p.m. 
Eaton Rapids, MI 

Fri., July 15, 7:30 p.m. 
Palatine, IL 

Sun.. July 17, 9:15 & 10:45 a.m. 


Dixon, IL 

Sun. and Men., July 17-18, 7:00 p.m. 
Dixon, IL 

Wed., July 20, 7:30 p.m. 
Columbus, IN 

Fri., July 22, 7:30 p.m. 
Fort Wayne, IN 

Sun., July 24, 7:00 p.m. 
Cambridge, OH 

Mon.. July 25, 7:00 p.m. 
Hendricks. KY 

Tues., July 26 


Salyersville, KY 

Wed.. July 27, 7:00 p.m. 
Charleston, WV 

Fri. -Fri., July 29-Aug. 5 


(Charlotte, NC) 
Near Virginia border 

The Bryan Gospel Messengers shown 
above are (standing, left to right) Nancy 
Bay, Columbus, Ind.; Brian Schrauger, 
Eaton Rapids, Mich.; Debbie Day, Co- 
lumbus, Ind.; (in front) Gregg Wright, 
Foraker, Ky.; and Debbie Johansen, 
Richmond, Va. 






Mrs. E. B. Arnold, who will be 86 
years of age in July, is one of the 
three founders of Bryan College still 
living. She and her late husband, a 
Baptist minister who died in 1948, 
were involved in Bryan affairs from 
the days of the Bryan Memorial As- 
sociation of 1925-30 and then in the 
college from its opening in 1930. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Arnold served 
long tenures as active trustees, each 
serving as secretary of the board for 
a number of years. Mrs. Arnold op- 
erated a women's department store 
in Dayton for sixty years, at one 
time having satellite stores in three 
other East Tennessee locations. 
Her Sunday school class at First 
Baptist Church, which she taught 
for more than fifty years, included 
numerous Bryan students in the ear- 
lier years. 

Though a trustee emeritus since 
1970, Mrs. Arnold has maintained 
such active interest in the college 
that she has been supportive of es- 
sentially every project. For a 
number of years she has endowed 
an award for the Student Teacher of 
the Year, a fact which reflects her 
own teaching experience as a young 
woman just out of Western Ken- 
tucky State Teachers College. It 
was as a young teacher in London, 
Ky., that she first met her future 
husband, then a college student 
from Pennsylvania. 

Frequently present at com- 
mencement and other major events 
of the college, Mrs. Arnold was 
called to the platform on graduation 
day, May 2, and presented to the 
commencement audience in recog- 
nition of her long life and service to 
the college. The accompanying arti- 
cle, based on an interview by 
Charles Robinson, presents Mrs. 
Arnold's philosophy of stewardship 
and her reminiscences about her 
Bryan experiences. 









"I'm going to give to Bryan as 
long as I live." 

Mrs. E. B. Arnold was speaking 
during a recent interview. "I never 
gave anything I didn't want to," she 
continued, "or which wasn't 
needed or couldn't be used." 

Reminiscing about the days of 
struggle during Bryan's beginnings, 
she recalled times when there was 
need of as little as $25 or $50. 
"Some of us would just go out and 
gather it up. If $50 was needed, they 
just told us. Often the teachers were 
paid with 'due bills,' which were is- 
sued by the college and honored by 
the local merchants." 

"On that hot, sad July Sunday in 
1925," she reflected, "when we 
knew the Scopes trial was finished 
and the great champion of the Bible 
had gone to his reward, we could 
not have realized what the Lord 
would bring forth in our communi- 
ty. A few men had been with Mr. 
Bryan when he went up on the hill 
and looked across the valley with its 
beautiful view. He remarked what a 
wonderful location it would make 
for a school for the youth of the 
area. Discussion continued after his 
death, and eventually the decision 
was reached to establish a coeduca- 
tional Christian college. A group of 
five or six men put up enough 
money to buy the land." 

"As we stand today on Bryan hill, 
we see the modern dormitories, the 

beautiful and stately administration 
building, and the other excellent 
facilities. Then when the multipur- 
pose Rudd Memorial Chapel was 
recently dedicated, we could not 
but ask ourselves, 'How can these 
things be?' The obvious reply to the 
quesfion is that it is God's answer to 
the need of students who want to 
learn more about His Word and 

Mrs. Arnold finds great satisfac- 
tion in knowing that one of the re- 
sults of her giving to Bryan has been 
that many Bryan students teach in 
Dayton and Rhea County schools. 

"I feel that our county schools 
are outstanding because of the 
many teachers who have attended 
Bryan. My own life has been en- 
riched by the college, and I know 
that many families have been 
blessed. I only wish that more 
people could get closer to Bryan and 
be blessed as I have been," she 

"As I look over today's situation, 
I know that any investment I may 
have made in money or service to 
Bryan College has paid the highest 
dividend possible in this world. The 
college has carried on God's work 
and I trust it will condnue till the 
Lord comes. I have a motto which 
sums up how I feel about giving: 
"I'm givin' while I'm livin'. 
So I'm knowin' where it's 

Director of Development 


Dayton, TN 37321 

Send free booklet on Bryan Gift Annuities. 

My age is 




- State_ 


Effective Giving 





• An investment in the lives of young people 

• An immediate federal income tax deduction 

• An escape from continued investment worries 





wi ■ *> *-^ 

/ V 

M ikk^ 









to provide an opportunity for a sound 
academic education in an atmosphere which 
promotes Christian growth and develop- 

Consider these additional features: m 

• Pre-professional Studies 

• Intercollegiate Sports 
Music Teams 

Committed Christian Community 
Practical Christian Involvement 

• Beautiful Hilltop Campus 

Director of Admissions 





Dayton, Tennessee 37321 

Please send me more information: 






II tf 




V'-, T» 

*"4 ''" ? •, 

^^ "X^ 

Si,^ ,'>A ■-.,-.■ '^WjK 


-* r 

' with Captain Hartzell 


C^aptain" Martin Hartzell is commander of the 
Bryan College "navy." The "fleet" consists of one 
20-foot pontoon boat, a recent acquisition of the biology 
department. Biology majors use the boat under Captain 
Hartzell's direction to ply the nearby Tennessee River 
to research the river's ecology. It is also used for in- 
struction in the ecology course offered to all biology 
majors. Plans are now in process for sharing ecological 
findings with TVA as part of its environmental monitor- 
ing program. Mr. Hartzell, assistant professor of biol- 
ogy, has expressed the hope that the Bowaters Paper 
Company will become interested in a student project for 
studying water run-off and aquatic nutrients. The boat 
has a capacity of from ten to twelve persons and is 
equipped with life jackets and all other recommended 
safety devices. The aluminum duracraft vessel is pow- 
ered by a 55-horsepower Chrysler motor. 

Mr. Hartzell' s enthusiasm for his new teaching tool is 
the practical outworking of the philosophy and purpose 
of the college to assist the students in their personal 

growth and development by providing opportunities to 
understand the relationship of the Bible to the arts and 
sciences through learning to think critically, to work 
independently, to communicate clearly, and to apply 
their learning creatively. 


^f-i. ,^/Miri.>_ •'-■i-:^- Circiilatibh Manager: Shirley 


Editorial Offfce: William" Jen^ 
nings Bryan College, Dayton, 
Tennessee 37321, (615) 775- 



Theodore C. 

Consulting Editors: John 
Bartlett, Larry Levenger, Re- 
becca Peck, Charles Robinson 

BRYAN LIFE is published four 
times annually by William Jen- 
nings Bryan College, Dayton, 
Tennessee. Second class post- 
age paid at Dayton, Tennessee, 
and additional mailing offices. 

^;^^$*^Gopyright 1977 
^-''-■'•- by 

William Jennings Bryan College 
Dayton, Tennessee 

POSTMASTERS: Send form 3579 to 
Bryan College, Dayton, TN 37321. 

Copy Editors: Alice Mercer and 
iRebecca Peck ^^-_^^^ 

FRONT COVER ^^^^^gi^fgS^g^^^J^^fpV 

The front cover photo was taken in the Richland EmbaVment o"f Chick- 
amauga Lake near the campus with Mr. Hartzell and three 
students — Mike Mosley, Gary, Ind.; Susan Quarles, Port St. Joe, Fla.: 
and Tony McBride, Elma, Iowa. 


The back cover photo is a panoramic view of the Tennessee Valley 
from Buzzard's Point on the Cumberland Escarpment about three 
miles northwest of Dayton. 

Both cover photos are by Larry Levenger^.^s-..-.^ 


This special-purpose issue 
is designed for prospective: 
students and their families to 
explore the opportunities for a 
Christian education at Bryan. The aim has been to 
convey information and impressions about the basic 
features of the educational philosophy and religious 
commitment of the college, the scope and spirit of the 
academic program, and something of the range of ex- 
tracurricular activities. And it was decided that a pres- 
entation in which people and their reactions are fea- 
tured was preferable to a more impersonal recitation of 
facts. The door is open for a fuller exploration, includ- 
ing a visit to the campus. 




Hidden Havens 

by David Turner 

t- rom where I stood I could see most of the Pocket 
Wilderness. A great gorge split the forest in two. Smal- 
ler valleys spliced it up into a typical Tennessee land- 
scape. Cliffs crowned one of the more prominent hills. 
After a moment of observation and wonder at the vast- 
ness and beauty of creation, I stepped onto the pedals 
and spun down the dusty road. 

The splash and roar of early-spring flooding greeted 
me as the road broadened into a level parking lot. I 
stopped by the sign that said "Picnic Area," and, leav- 
ing the bike there, passed the scattered cars on foot. At 
the far end, the old mining road, turned footpath, began 
its chmb by the swollen waters of Richland Creek. 
When I had scarcely passed the Hiwassee Land Com- 
pany marker, I came upon a small wooden bridge. 
Below was a deeply cut trickle that laughed as it 
splashed downward, adding its tiny voice to the many 
trickles that roared over rock and by boulder to join the 
mighty Tennessee River a few miles downstream. Up 
the path and around a bend or two, the hill opened, 
disclosing the darkness of an abandoned and coUapsed 
mining tunnel. Having searched its shallow depths be- 
fore, I passed the arched entrance and continued on. 

With hill and stream bed, the path rose high above or 
dipped down and nearly into the flood. To the right, 
smaller trails zigzagged up the mountain. I chose one of 
these, and soon the roaring that had so incessantly 
pounded in my ears became an echo in the distance. My 
path was joined by another. I am told that all the paths 
wandering upward from the mining road soon join 
hands and lead to Laurel Falls. That was my destina- 

My way cut up the steep slope, detouring around 
boulders that reached to the tops of surrounding trees. 
Soon I rested; and, looking outward from where I sat on 
a fallen log, I could see the grey and green unbroken 
carpet of trees over the hills and valleys below. It was 

very quiet. I was completely alone, yet the presence of 
the Creator seemed quite real. 

One foot in front of the other, over and over again, my 
steps led toward the top. When I was panting as hard as 
after a Bryan intramural basketball game and was hunt- 
ing for another log or smooth rock to sit on, the slope 
leveled out. From the trees to my right came the noise of 
water bursting on rocks. I was below the summit, but I 
had reached the lower end of the falls. I walked on the 
sandy ledge beside the cliff in the direction of the sound. 
Showers of water blew over the edge, spattering me. 
Then the trees, parting, exposed the bare rock. Over 
this the water tumbled, sparkling in the late afternoon 
sun. I watched it splash on broken rocks at the bottom 
and complain loudly as it hunted a way around a jutting 

As I was turning to leave, from the boulders below I 
caught the flash of blue jeans. I climbed down the rocks 
and found another Bryan student enjoying the beauty of 
the waterfall and the solitude of this unique, untouched 
forest. We remained for some time talking of familiar 
havens hidden in the surrounding hills. There were 
many secluded coverts, caves, deserted mining 
tunnels — their rotted timbers buckling under the earth 
and rock — un wooded peaks overlooking the county, 
deeply wooded slopes, which Bryan students often re- 
visited as a relief from academic pressure. Then, as one 
of the hills slipped over a comer of the sun, we rose 
from our lofty point and together began the descent 
toward Dayton and the college campus. 

David Turner, a 1977 English major and honor graduate, is now 
a postgraduate student pursuing teacher certification. Two sis- 
ters, Bitsy 76, a Wycliffe missionary candidate, and Esther '77, 
are also Bryan alumni. Their parents, Dr. and Mrs. Glen Turner, 
Wycliffe Bible Translators in Ecuador, recently completed the 
New Testament in the Jivaro language. 

FALL 1977 




Academic Treasures 

Located in a rural setting on a 
wooded hilltop less than a mile from 
the historic Rhea County Court- 
house of Dayton, Bryan is now in its 
forty-eighth year of fulfilling its 
chartered purpose "as an institution 
of higher learning to provide men 
and women with a liberal arts edu- 
cation in a distinctly Christian at- 
mosphere." Students are able to 
fulfill their own educational goals 
while pursuing the bachelor's de- 
gree in a range of majors in the arts 
and sciences and professional pro- 

Based on a strong program of 
general education, all fifteen majors 
prepare students for careers and for 
graduate study. The complete list of 
these majors appears elsewhere in 
this issue. The real treasure of 
academic pursuit is the Biblical ap- 
proach to the integration of faith, 
learning, and life, which is at the 
core of the curriculum. 

The student body of over 500 is 
taught by a qualified and dedicated 
faculty of thirty-one full-time per- 
sons plus several part-time. Nearly 
half of the regular full-time teachers 
hold the earned doctorate. Some of 
the part-time teachers are adminis- 
trators, whereas others are spe- 
cialists from the local area. 

These treasured opportunities are 
reviewed in the following excerpts 
from the testimonies of alumni and 
continuing students as they share 
impressions concerning their edu- 
cational experiences at Bryan. 

Terry Stack 77 

For the first two years of my un- 
dergraduate education, I attended a 
community college in Florida. Al- 
though my education there was 
adequate and I had the pleasure of 
studying under some outstanding 
professional people who were 
brought to the campus as part-time 
faculty members, I sadly missed 
personal contact and the opportu- 
nity to interact with my professors 
on a one-to-one basis. A former 

Bryan student, who, by the way, 
was an excellent sales representa- 
tive for the college, convinced me 
that Bryan was the place for me. I 
finished my last two years of college 
at Bryan with a major in business 
administration, and I am presently 
employed by the Dayton Bank and 
Trust Company of Dayton, Tennes- 

Among the things that I really ap- 
preciate about the business depart- 
ment at Bryan College are the excel- 
lent preparation and experience of 
the men teaching in it. Because of 
his vast experience in the business 
community, the head of the depart- 
ment was able to move far beyond 
the confines of the textbook and to 
use personal illustrations and 
examples from the business world. 

Now that I am a part of the busi- 
ness community myself, though 
starting at the bottom, I very much 
look forward to the climb up the 
business ladder of success. I feel 
that my academic preparation at 
Bryan College was totally adequate. 

Carol Kincald 77 

I came to Bryan four years age 
seeking a major in elementary edu 
cation. Throughout those foui 
years, I found each member of th( 
education department to be wel 
qualified, dedicated, and sincere ii 
his task of training teachers. Thf 
professors are eager to sit down and 
discuss the objectives of theii 
courses and at the same time to lis- 
ten to the student's desires and 
ideas. The student finds that he is 
more than just a member of a class; 
he is made to feel that he has a valu- 
able contribution to make. 

Each course I took was interest 
ing, stimulating, and profitable. 
Every provision was made to give 
me as much exposure to educational 
techniques and philosophies as pos- 
sible. After much classroom prep- 
aration, I found student-teaching in 
a local school to be a rewarding and 
profitable experience. 

I highly recommend Bryan's edu- 
cation department to anyone who is 
sincerely interested in an education 
major. The school motto, "Christ 
Above All," is incorporated by 
these professors in their courses 
and their lives. The love they have 
for their students and their subject is 
constant and contagious, reflecting 
their own personal relationship to 
our Lord Jesus Christ. Can there be 
a firmer basis for a good education? 



Douglas Zopfl 77 

When I selected my major at 
Bryan, I decided on history, largely 
because of my personal preference. 
However, I believe that the study of 
history at an institution like Bryan 
does offer every student an un- 
limited opportunity to expand his 
understanding of man's political, 
social, ideological, and spiritual de- 

The history major at Bryan is 
quite demanding and requires a 
considerable amount of time and 
dedication. Assigned readings are 
extremely helpful in teaching the 
student to critically analyze an au- 
thor's writings to determine his 
thesis, as well as to observe major 
strengths and weaknesses. 

Some courses also require the 
student to submit research projects 
or written articles of a historical na- 
ture. Bryan's library offers the stu- 
dent a wide variety of reading and 
research materials, which generally 
are more than adequate for most re- 
search topics. These writing exer- 
cises afford the student an oppor- 
tunity and challenge to introduce 
and demonstrate his own creative 
ideas and interpretations in his 

A large number of history majors 
use the knowledge and skills gained 
from studying history while prepar- 
ing for full-time Christian ministry 
in seminary. Other history majors 
do enter the teaching profession. 
Some, like myself, plan to do 
graduate work in the field of history 
before teaching on the college or 
high school level. It is indeed a trib- 
ute to Bryan College that most 
graduates have few problems in 
being accepted at quality 
seminaries, graduate schools, or 
places of employment throughout 
the country. 

Lynette Goehring, senior 

"What college should I attend?" 
is the question students face during 
the junior and senior years in high 
school. "What shall I do after I 
graduate?" is the question I am fac- 
ing as a senior Christian Education 

The required courses for my CE 
major cover the various aspects of 
teaching and training people from 
small children to the elderly and go 
into depth with each age group. The 
missions course I have taken has 
opened up many new areas of mis- 
sion work and exposed me to a vari- 
ety of mission boards. 

Every CE major must work two 
years in Practical Christian In- 
volvement, the organization which 
provides opportunities for students 
to reach out into the community and 
use the knowledge they are gaining. 
I have been involved in PCI since 
my freshman year. I have really en- 
joyed working with area school 
children and presenting the gospel 
to them in Bible classes and through 
the AWANA club. 

Through the Big Sister/Big 
Brother program, Bryan students 
gain experience and ministry 
through family relations by "adopt- 
ing" a child as a sister or brother. 
Through my "little sister" I have 
been able to serve her family and 
help them out in various ways. 

Now I feel I will be prepared to go 
out and work in the Christian Edu- 
cation field because my teachers 
have taught me well, and practical 
experience has prepared me to 
serve. Wherever the Lord leads, 
this training will be useful. 

Louise Burt, senior 

I chose the individualized goal 
oriented (InGO) major because it al- 
lows me to develop, under guidance 
and with certain limits, a major 
program suited to my own personal 
educational and vocational goals in 
the areas of my own interest. 

Pursuing the InGO major enabled 
me to pick up teacher certification 
in two areas that interest me — 
physical education and art. In addi- 
tion I will satisfy the requirements 
for graduate school by the time I 
finish my program next May. 

The InGO major was developed 
especially for students like me, who 
wanted to complete their education 
at Bryan but who are concentrating 
in areas other than the regular 
majors offered here. Therefore, I 
have been allowed to set my voca- 
tional goals and prepare programs 
that will enable me to enter my cho- 
sen field as a qualified individual. 

To do this, I first checked to see 
what qualifications I would need to 
enter into a professional career in 
teaching physical education and 
coaching as governed by the state's 
certification requirements and 
graduate school requirements. 
Then I devised my individualized 
plan of study to help me reach these 

I chose to do this because I am 
interested in art and athletics, and I 
believe that as a Chrisdan coach and 
teacher I will have many oppor- 
tunities to share Christ. I also feel 
that sports in general help young 
people to develop patience, persist- 
ence, and the ability to get along 
well with other individuals, as well 
as to develop their bodies. 

FALL 1977 


: ' Ljif JwjK"" ai g '**f"^n 

n f^ ' m re M'"iry *»iiWJW* 

W|oviv»«r Infallible Originals 


by Dr. Irving L. Jensen, Th.D. 


1 he reliability of our present Old Testament text 
depends on the infallibility of the original writings. The 
only sound starting point in the present inquiry is a 
belief in the verbal (the very words) plenary (all the 
words) view of inspiration of the originals. But we do 
not possess any portion of the original writings. We 
have only copies of copies of copies. . . . We may well 
ask the question, therefore, "How accurate are our 
copies?" — that is, how close to the original Old Testa- 
ment text are our present Old Testament Scriptures? 
The complexity and difficulty of the task of such an 
evaluation can easily be appreciated when it is realized 
that two writings are being compared, one of which 
does not exist! 

How accurate is our Old Testament text? It is a 
known fact that compared with all other ancient writ- 
ings, the Old Testament has no close competitor for 
accuracy of transmission down through the ages. The 
divine preservation of the text through scribal copyings 
has been of such a character that by a comparison of the 
hundreds of extant Old Testament manuscripts a text of 
the Scriptures can be determined that is substantially 

■ pure, where no doctrine is seriously jeopardized, where 
the historical record is practically totally reliable, and 
where the words or letters in question are for the most 
part not crucial to the discipHnes of Bible study. Such a 
claim is not the product of wishful thinking, but the 
conclusion of hosts of scholars who have devoted their 
lives to the tasks of textual evaluation and its associated 

; Before the days of the printing press, scribes made 
written copies of the Old Testament from the manu- 
script in their hand. Occasionally, unintentional errors 
of the eye or ear appeared; less frequently the scribe 
would intentionally alter the text, usually with the mo- 
tive to correct what he thought was erroneous in the 
manuscript from which the copy was being made . Er- 
rors of production have also appeared in printed Bibles , 
though very few in number. In the seventeenth century 
a Bible was dubbed the "Wicked Bible" for carelessly 
omitting the word "not' ' in the seventh commandment, 
printing it as "Thou shalt commit adultery." Even 
modem Bibles, checked by many proofreaders before 
being printed, appear with minor errors. But no error is 
a problem if we know the history or source of the error. 
Fortunately, most scribal errors, even though originally 
made in manuscripts not now in our possession, can be 
so identified — by a comparison with other manuscripts. 


versions, patristic quotations, worship service lec- 
tionaries, and the like. Those that cannot be so ac-i , 
counted for constitute the Old Testament words or let-l 
ters in question. 

Why didn't God give infallibility to the work of the 
scribes or copyists, as He did to the work of the original] '. 
authors? God produced infallible originals because aj 
"breathing" creation of the Word by God was basically! 
involved. On the other hand, God permits fallible] 
copies because in the innumerable copyings the propa- 
gation of the Word by man is basically involved. God 
kept the consequences of the Edenic curse from touch- 
ing the original writings, but to do the same for the 
process of propagation would mean that the entire 
Church, which is committed to a world-wide ministry of 
the Word in the Christian age, would be made abso- 
lutely perfect in all its Christian functions. This would 
abrogate God's decree to Adam and his posterity re- 
garding the curse for sin and would also be premature in 
God's plans for the Church. 

However, though the copies have been permitted of 
God to be fallible. He has afforded no less than super- 
natural preservation of the copying processes , such that 
the copies of the Old Testament today, three or four 
thousand years later, are substantially pure and doctri- 
nally true. Were there no explicit data to confirm the 
accuracy of the present Old Testament text, the Chris- 
tian would nevertheless believe it to be accurate, a faith 
not unreasonable. For if he beheves that God super- 
naturally inspired the original writings, thfen it is a 
reasonable faith for him to believe that God would also 
supematurally preserve his Word down through the 
ages. But the Christian today has a mass of data con- 
firming the Old Testament's reUability, which he may, 
use especially to disarm the objections of the unbe- . 
liever. As the time gap between the original writings and' 
the present Bible versions widens, God permits man to 
uncover more and more confirming evidence. 

The claim that our present Old Testament Scriptures 
very accurately represent the original writings, may be > 
substantiated by the following three groups of data: 
1. The accuracy of the tenth and eleventh century He- 
brew manuscripts 

Up until recent years these were the earliest Hebrew 
manuscripts of the Old Testament extant, that is, in our 
possession. Included in the group are the Leningrad 
codex of the Prophets, written A.D. 916, the very valu- 
able Aleppo manuscript of the entire Old Testament of 
about the same time, and another codex of the entire 
^a: Old Testament, written during the eleventh century. 
These manuscripts represent what has been called the 
Masoretic text, which is not any one individual manu- 
'^' script, but a family of texts, originating as far back as 
ijr the second century a.d. This Masoretic text has been- 
^' the basis of the Old Testament of most printed Bibles. 
The outstanding observation to be made concerning ; 


this family of manuscripts is the fact that they are prac- 
tically identical with each other. This observation, to- 
gether with the fact that the transmitting channels of 
many of the manuscripts were different, supports the 
conclusion that the Masoretic manuscripts of the tenth 
century represent very faithfully the Hebrew text of at 
least the second century a.d. Knowing how meticu- 
lously the Masoretic scribes guarded the accuracy of 
their copyings, we are not surprised to find the tenth 
century manuscripts in such pure state. 

2. The witness of the fourth and fifth century Greek 
Septuagint manuscripts 

While our oldest extant Hebrew Old Testament man- 
uscripts of any substantial size were copied no earlier 
than AD. 900, we have manuscripts of the entire Old 
Testament in the Greek language, called the Septuagint 
version, copied by scribes in the fourth and fifth cen- 
turies. These early copies are found in the codices 
Sinaiticus, Vaticanus, and Alexandrinus, which con- 
tain the New Testament text as well. The original Sep- 
tuagint version dates back to about 250 B.C.. when the 
Pentateuch was translated from Hebrew to Greek by 
Alexandrian Jews of Egypt. Within one hundred years 
the remaining Old Testament books were Hkewise 
translated. This Greek Septuagint was an important Old 
Testament version for the early Christian centuries, 
being the Scriptures used and often quoted by Jesus and 
the apostles. 

A comparison of the early Greek manuscripts and the 
Hebrew Masoretic manuscripts reveals the former to be 
of lesser accuracy, many of the differences being attrib- 
uted simply to the limitations of the translation process. 
The main value of the Septuagint is that with its similar 
content and explainable differences, it has confirmed 
the accuracy of the Masoretic text, and at the same 
time, by comparison with other writings, has contrib- 
uted to a more exact knowledge of what the original 
Old Testament autographs read. The same contribu- 
tions have been made by other Old Testament versions 
of early centuries, space forbidding their description 

3; The witness of the Dead Sea Scrolls 

~^ As the time gap between the Biblical autographs and 
contemporary versions has widened, God has chosen to 
bring to light more and more evidence confirming the 
fact of the preservation of the Biblical text down 
through the centuries. The discoveries of the Dead Sea 
Scrolls are without equal for substantiating the purity of 
our present Old Testament text. Found in various caves 
just off the northwest comer of the Dead Sea were many 
manuscripts, whole or in part. Biblical and secular, 
written and deposited by a community of Essenes, who 
lived in this area from about 150 B.C. to a.d. 70. About 
one hundred of the reconstructed manuscripts are of the 
Old Testament in Hebrew. A scroll of the entire 
prophecy of Isaiah was found in Cave I in 1947; the most 
important discoveries were made in Cave IV in 1952, 
these being fragments of every Old Testament book 
except Esther. Two very important conclusions have 
been reached concerning the Dead Sea Biblical manu- 
scripts: first, that some of the copyings were made as far 
back as 150 B.C.. and secondly, that the text of the 
scrolls is substantially the same as that of the Masoretic 
text of the tenth century. The chain of confirming evi- 
dence thus extended itself to this length: our twentieth 

Dr. Irving L. Jensen, professor of Bible, has been a member of 
the Bryan faculty since 1954. Well known for his promotion of the 
inductive method of Bible study, he published in 1963 a book on 
that subject, entitled Independent Bible Study, which established 
him as an author. Since that time he has written fifty study vol- 
umes covering the entire Bible, which are published by Moody 
Press. One of his books. Enjoy Your Bible, was distributed by the 
Billy Graham Evangelistic Association through its telecast series. 
He is shown upper right teaching in a classroom. 

century Old Testament, which has been based mainly 
on tenth century manuscripts whose accuracy has been 
confirmed by the fourth century Septuagint manu- 
scripts, now is shown to be substantially the same as 
second century B.C. Hebrew manuscripts. Stated from 
another angle, the Old Testament of today (e.g. in Eng- 
lish) is substantially the same as the Hebrew Old Tes- 
tament of Jesus' day. And no greater authentication of 
the Old Testament Scriptures has ever been made than 
by the Son of God. 

From the standpoint of confirming evidence, one can 
thus see why so great importance has been attached to 
the Dead Sea Scrolls. 


To summarize, the following answer may be given 
with assurance to the question "How reliable is our 
present Old Testament text?": 

1. Practically aU of the present Old Testament text 
reliably represents the original autographs, the fraction 
in question not jeopardizing any major doctrine. 

2. This reliability is what we would expect, in view of 
who God is and how important and crucial the Word is 
for all ages and generations. 

3. This is what has been confirmed by comparison of 
all existing Old Testament manuscripts and versions, 
including the oldest of these, the Dead Sea Scrolls. 

4. This is what our faith would demand, even without 
the confirming evidences, in view of the object of our 
faith, the person of Jesus Christ, who is the key person 
of the Bible. 

FALL 1977 



Secrets of Social Lili 


Young people want action! And they are interested 
in finding it through interpersonal relationships. A defi- 
nite plus at Bryan is that range of wholesome activities 
outside the classroom which provides this action and 
the opportunities for personal growth and development 
in a supportive Christian community. These extra- 
curricular activities occur in many places and under 
many guises: 

the Lions Den student center, a hub of social activity 
with its snack bar, lounge, bookstore, and a number 
of recreational facilities ; 

intramural and varsity sports in the gym and on the 
playing fields and on other campuses; 

the student union, supported by a special fee, 
with its full schedule of concerts on campus and 
recreational excursions off campus; 
class parties, outings, and the traditional 
junior-senior banquet; 

the all-college picnic at a scenic park in the 

banquets at homecoming. Thanksgiving, 
Christmas, Valentine's, and at the end of 
the year for athletics; 
informal good fellowship and that one-to-one rela- 
tionship called "dating," which leads every year 
to a rash of wedding invitations on the college 
bulletin boards. 


FALL 1977 

■^■■•- ■■'•'■ -"• 





Modern Technology 

A. quantum leap forward with computer facilities acquired last year puts Bryan's business and math 
programs out in front to meet the competition in a computer-oriented world. Two types of computing 
hardware were purchased — "hard copy" output for the business and economics department and 
videoscreen output for the math and chemistry departments. 

Dr. Robert Jenkins, professor of business, points out that the business and economics department 
offers training in data processing management, which prepares a student for an entry level management 
position in the computing section of a business, mission board, government agency or Christian 
organization. Every business major at Bryan now receives individualized training on the computer and 
learns to solve problems with computerized homework. 

To quote Dr. Ralph Paisley, division chairman, "The computer is but one of several new opportunities 
offered by the natural science division. Math students along with biology and chemistry students can now 
use computers in their class work as well as in labs, using terminals that tie into computers at the 
University of Tennessee in Knoxville . Bryan has access to virtually all of the UTK computer potential . ' ' 

A National Science Foundation grant helped the chemistry department to secure instruments which 
enable the students to learn and use techniques of analysis which are important in educational and 
research laboratories. 

One student who prepared several organic compounds which were similar in structure and used the new 
instruments to aid in the positive identification of the structures of the compounds presented his work 
before the Tennessee Academy of Science. Bryan students regularly participate in the collegiate division 
meetings of TAS. 

Last spring eleven students participated in an experimental health-care course in cooperation with the 
Rhea County Medical Center. Working in all areas of the hospital, they were exposed to actual health-care 
situations, including maternity, emergency room, and nursing home care. This popular course will be 
offered again in the spring of 1978. 

and Student Financial Aid 

What is financial aid, anyway? 


Ik. ''^ 

r inancial aid is money in the form of grants, loans, 
and employment for full-time and half-time college stu- 
dents. In 1976-77 student aid at Bryan exceeded 
$600,000. Designated grants outside the regular budget 
program were additional. 

Grants do not have to be repaid. Loans must be 
repaid after the student graduates from or leaves col- 
lege. Employment aid is money earned by the student 
for part-time work; it can be used for payment of college 
bills and/or personal expenses. 

How much financial aid is possible? 

The amount of financial aid can range from very little 
to a great deal. If a student's financial need is consider- 
able, the aid provided will also be considerable. If a 
student's financial need is minimal, the aid provided 
will usually be minimal unless the student qualifies for 
some special scholarship program that does not require 
financial need as the basis for qualification. 

How is financial need determined? 

The amount that the student's family is expected to 
contribute to the cost of education is determined first. 
The cost of education at a particular college minus the 
amount of expected family and student contribution 
equals the "financial need" that college financial aid 
officers attempt to meet with a package of grants, loans, 
and/or employment. Some students will qualify for all 
three forms of aid, whereas others may qualify for only 
loans and/or employment. The cost of education in- 
cludes tuition, fees, room, board, transportation, and a 
hmited amount of personal expenses. Because the costs 
vary from institution to institution, a student may show 
more financial need at one college than at another. 

To determine the expected family contribution, 
Bryan College uses the American College Testing Fam- 
ily Financial Statement (ACT FFS). The family com- 
pletes and mails the ACT FFS form to the ACT com- 
pany for computer processing. An evaluation report 
generated by this processing is sent to the college desig- 
nated by the student on the ACT FFS (code number for 
Bryan College is 4038). This report gives sufficient in- 
formation for the financial aid officer to deterrnine the 
financial need and the federal financial aid programs 
(grants, loans, and employment) for which the student 
qualifies. Last year aid at Bryan for an individual stu- 
dent ranged from a token amount of $100 up to $3,400 
and averaged $1,600. Approximately two-thirds of all 
full-time students received some kind of aid. 

What are the specific financial aid programs? 

The available financial aid programs for Bryan Col- 
lege students are as follows: 

Grants: Basic Educational Opportunity Grants 
Supplementary Educational Opportunity 

Grants (SEOG) 
Bryan Scholarship and Grants 
State Scholarships or Grants 
Loans: National Direct Student Loans (NDSL) 

Guaranteed Student Loan Programs 

through hometown banks 
Bryan College Loans 
Work: College Work-Study Program (CWSP) 
Bryan Work Program 

What "package" of financial aid can a student expect? 

The financial circumstances which determine finan- 
cial need for any two students are seldom alike in the 
amounts of annual income, equity in home and other 
assets, general home situation, summer earnings, etc. 
Nevertheless, the following example will provide some 
idea of the possibilities of financial aid packages: 
Example: Freshman student 

High School Grade Point average, 2.8 
Family income $16,400, five-member fam- 
ily, two in college, both parents work, 
home equity $12,000, and savings $400. 
Evaluation of financial need: $2,500 (for 

one student) 
Aid Awarded: 

$200 Bryan Grant (music) 
326 BEOG (federal grant) 
600 SEOG (federal grant) 
, 800 NDSL (loan) 
545 CWSP (work) 
$247 1 Total of financial aid package 
The package of financial aid is built upon the BEOG 
whenever the student qualifies for it. The amount of 
BEOG is determined from the eligibility index and a 
payment schedule provided the college by the Office of 

What are the steps to follow in applying for aid? 

1. Apply for admission to Bryan College. 

2. Complete Bryan College Student Aid Application 
and Employment forms. 

3. Complete ACT FFS form after filUng out federal 
income tax return. 

. -; a. Request report from ACT FFS be sent to code 
number 4038 for Bryan College, 
b. If state scholarships or grants are available in 
your state, request report from ACT FFS be sent 
to state agency accepting this particular form. 
(Tennessee residents request report be sent to 
4015 for Tennessee Student Assistance Corpora- 

FALL 1977 



■■^-•v-'-i r---s-- 

Wlc^vivio^' the World of SPORTS 

-Bryan achieved another successful sports year in 1976-77 with the seven athletic 
teams combining for a total of 90 wins, 55 losses, and 3 ties. The men were 55-39-3, and 
the two women's teams were 35-16. 

Six of the teams had winning seasons along with capturing high honors. The soccer 
team won the national championship, and the women's volleyball squad won the 
Tennessee state championship. Each also won the Southern Christian Athletic Con- 
ference title. 

In addition to conference, state, and national tournaments, three Bryan squads won 
invitational tournaments. The cross-country team won the Bryan Invitational, the 
women's basketball squad took the Clearwater Christian Invitational, and the men's 
basketball team took first in the Miami Christian tournament. 

Many Lion and Lionette athletes were honored during the year. Three were named 
All- American, seven more All-Tennessee, and many others made All-Conference and 
All-Tournament teams. One fifth of the student body participated on one or more of 
these championship teams. 

"We don't get the super athletes, but those we do get all work to reach their 
potential with the help of an outstanding coaching staff. We encourage everyone to 
come out for our teams, and we have not cut anyone from a team in the five years I 
have been here. Everyone is presented an opportunity to participate and achieve his 
maximum potential. We also beheve that our athletes are well-rounded Christians, 
who will serve around the world in various capacities," said athletic director John 

Not just a school for aspiring intercollegiate athletes, Bryan provides a full scale of 
intramural sports for other students who want to be more than spectators. 



and Lands Abroad 

PCI ^®" Students Explore Mission Fields 


Practical Christian outreach has 
been a hallmark of Bryan students 
from the earliest years of the col- 
lege. Today's service organization, 
called Practical Christian Involve- 
ment, has the purpose to serve as a 
channel for sharing the good news 
of Jesus Christ in the local area and 
to introduce students to the oppor- 
tunities of fulfilling the Great Com- 
mission around the world. PCI's 
full-time director for 1977-78 is Tom 
Vamey '77, who succeeds Lynn 
Wheeler '75, director for the past 
two years. The director, under the 
supervision of Dr. Brian Rich- 
ardson, associate professor of 
Christian Education, and working 
in cooperation with the elected 
leaders of PCI, coordinates the 
work of student volunteers, who 
last year included about 75% of the 
student body. 

Areas of operation include these: 
Student Foreign Missions Fellow- 
ship, which sponsors six weekly 
bands to pray for missions around 
the world, entertains missionary 
speakers, and provides a program of 
missionary education for the college 
community; Bible classes for 
school-age children; gospel teams, 
which fill engagements in word and 
music in area churches; FiSH, 
which features the Big Brother/Big 
Sister ministry involving students 
with children in the local commu- 
nity; the nationally known 
AwANA program held on Satur- 
days in the gymnasium, which has 
attracted children from ten com- 
munities for a time of recreation and 
Bible study; the Navigators Bible 
study plan, which last year operated 
in nine groups involving more than 
one hundred college students each 
week; nursing home visitation; and 
Bible and tract distribution. 

Shall I be a foreign missionary? 
Can I learn the language? Will I ever 
adjust to eating strange food? Will 
children respond when I teach them 
Bible stories? 

These questions and many more 
were answered through real life ex- 
periences when ten Bryan students 
participated in short-term summer 
programs in seven foreign countries 
and three widely scattered states. 
These missionary venturers chose 
their locations and shared in an 
orientation program under the di- 
rection of Lynn Wheeler, director 
of Practical Christian Involvement. 

PCI considers the summer mis- 
sions program as one arm of its 
ministry in providing opportunities 
for students to have firsthand ex- 
perience on the mission field. This 
past year this student organization 
provided one-third of the transpor- 
tation and anticipated expense for 
the Bryan representatives during 
two months of service, for a total 
support of $1,700. Funds were 
raised during the year through con- 
tributions by students (70%), fac- 
ulty and staff, and other friends in 
the community. The student mis- 
sionaries were responsible for the 
remaining two-thirds of their sup- 
port, which is usually provided 
through personal friends and home 

Concerning this opportunity , a re- 
peating summer missionary, Mary 
Kirtley, a junior of Hamburg, Iowa, 
says, 'T wanted to go back to see 
how the work that we began a 
couple of years ago was progressing 
and to be a part of the work that is 

going on today." Marcia Tobias, a 
senior from Signal Mountain, 
Tenn., confided her practical con- 
sideration for the future as she 
stated, "I hope to be able to deter- 
mine through this experience 
whether I am capable of serving the 
Lord in a different culture." 

When these summer missionaries 
returned in the fall, the entire col- 
lege community benefited by their 
experiences as they reported 
through slides and personal tes- 
timonies in a chapel program. 

The following list demonstrates 
the broad interests of these young 
people in their summer ministry: 


Carol Gk)rdy, Montana, Rocky Moun- 
tain Bible Mission (VBS teacher and 
camp counselor) 

Linda Liebig, Fort Washington, Pa., 
Christian Literature Crusade (work in 
the art department) 

Norma Sanders, Macon, Miss., Lake 
Forest Ranch (youth counselor) 


Carol Baggerly, Scotland, Teen Mis- 
sions (open-air meetings and beach 

Anita Davis, Venezuela, The Evangeli- 
cal Alliance Mission 

Faith DuVall, France, Teen Missions 

Mary Kirtley, Nicaragua (work with 
children and in camp) 

Wilina Mason, Niger Republic, Sudan 
Interior Mission (work in business of- 

Marcia Tobias, Valladolid, Spain, 
Navigators (ministry to college stu- 

Judy Welch, Belgian Bible Institute, 
Greater Europe Mission 

Pictured below in back row (left to right) are Marcia Tobias, Mary Kirtley, Anita 
Davis, and Carol Gordy; middle row, Lynn Wheeler (PCI director). Norma Sanders, 
Judy Welch, and Wilma Mason; front row, Carol Baggerly, Linda Liebig, and Faith 

FALL 1977 



4;rpdv{vi42^ Hidden Talent 


MUSIC — The music department traditionally has been a strong 
academic department and through its performing activities a highly 
visible one. The music major offers concentrations in applied 
music, church music, and music theory. The music education 
major for teachers is a joint responsibility with the education 
department. s'^v a- y, ^ 

For more than a yearlfe thiisic department has used the Rudd 
Memorial Chapel complex with its spacious new band and choir 
facilities, teaching studios, classrooms, and practice rooms. It is 
well equipped with ten new Baldwin- Hamilton practice pianos and 
with a ten-foot concert Steinway piano and a new custom-built 
Baldwin organ for the auditorium. This organ, the technical name 
of which is Multi- waveform, is the latest development in the long 
history of the organ, in which the console and sound of the tradi- 
tional pipe organ are wedded to the latest technology by a light 
photography process. The achievement is technological but the 
sound is magnificent! In addition, a Schantz pipe organ and two 
electronic organs provide ample equipment for organ students. 

Opportunities for student performance include participation in 
the college choir, chorale, Collegiate Singers, symphonic band, 
and Gospel Messengers. In addition to making tours during vaca- 
tion periods, these musical groups have a full performance 
schedule on campus and in the surrounding areas during the school 
year. The department also works with PCI in the musical develop- 
ment of gospel teams for a ministry m churches 

Heading the department is Dr Bob Neil 





ART — The objectives of the art 
department include the providing of 
experience and practice in the vari- 
ous art media so that students may 
discover their individual abilities 
and develop these talents. The de- 
partment offers a wide range of 
courses equal in credit hours to a 
major, with certification available in 
art education. The work of the de- 
partment, which includes an annual 
art show is directed by Kent Juil- 
lard, associate professor of art 




learning experiences to develop tal- 
ent in the theatre arts are open to 
interested students through Hilltop 
Players, who present a major pro- 
duction in the fall and several one- 
act plays in the spring. In recent 
years the playbill has included: The 
Miracle Worker, The Diary of Anne 
Frank, Our Town, The Matchmaker, 
Christ in the Concrete City, and Ten 
Miles to Jericho. This past year the 
troupe was the first to perform on 
the new Rudd Memorial Chapel 

The Traveling Troupe within the 
Players has had opportunity in the 
past to present plays in churches 
both in the local area and in 
neighboring states. Reader's 
Theatre was added to the Hilltop 
Players" repertoire this past year. 
This type of drama, reading from a 
script and done without costuming 
and lighting, can easily be per- 
formed in a chancel, on a bare stage, 
or in a large room. 

Members of the Troupe may earn 
one hour of credit each semester by 
working 45 hours on a production. 
In helping to provide good enter- 
tainment and cultural enrichment 
for Bryan students as well as for 
people in Dayton, many students 
have discovered hidden talent in 
dramatic expression or have de- 
_ veloped those abilities already 

The literature and modern lan- 
guages division and the department 
of education offer courses leading to 
teacher certification in speech, 
which includes the opportunity to 
direct dramatic activities as well as 
to teach speech. 

Miss Rachel Ross, assistant pro- 
fessor, is director of drama and 





Type of 
Student Body: 


College motto: 



Costs 1977-78: 

and Recognition: 


Bryan College 

Dayton, Tennessee 37321 

Area 615 775-2041 

(Prospective students within mainland USA are invited to call 


Dayton is on US 27 in the scenic and historic Tennessee Valley 

38 miles north of Chattanooga and 82 miles southwest of Knox- 


A four- year Christian college of arts and sciences. 
1977 fall enrollment — 548; equal ratio of men and women; en- 
rollment represents 36 states and 19 foreign countries. 

Nonsectarian by charter and transdenominational in fellow- 
ship. Committed to the Bible as the Word of God written and to 
Jesus Christ as living Lord. Student body, faculty, alumni, and 
constituency represent the evangelical Christian spectrum. 
"Christ Above All" 

High school graduation or equivalent, with a 2.0 or "C" aver- 
age; ACT (American College Testing) scores; satisfactory ref- 

Advanced standing available through credit and/or exemption 
by satisfactory scores on prescribed standardized tests, such as 
CLEF, Advanced Placement, etc. 

Tuition $ 1 ,750; Student Fee $40; Room $650; Board $850; Total 
$3,290 (not including travel and personal expenses). 
Student aid, available according to need, averages $1,900. 

Accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and 
Schools; approved for training of veterans; membership in 
numerous educational organizations (list appears in catalog). 

The bachelor's degree offered in the following majors: 


Business Administration 
♦Business Education 

Christian Education 
♦Elementary Education 

Grades 1-9) 

Goal Oriented Major 

Music (concentrations in theory 
and in applied and church 
♦Music Education 

(Grades 1-12) 
♦Natural Science 

♦Teacher certification available in these majors plus Kindergar- 
ten Education (K-3), Special Education, and Art Education 
(Grades 1-12) 

Director of Admissions 


Dayton, Tennessee 37321 

Please send me more information: 


Phone: (615) 775-2041 
CaU Collect. 




Phone (Area) 


Year you will enter Bryan 

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Editorial Office: William Jen- 
nings Bryan College, Dayton, 
Tennessee 37321, (615) 775- 

Editor-in-Chief: Theodore C. 

Consulting Editors: John 
Bartlett, Rebecca Peck, Charles 

Copy Editors: Alice Mercer and 
Rebecca Peck 

Circulation Manager: Shirley 

BRYAN LIFE is published four 
times annually by William Jen- 
nings Bryan College, Dayton, 
Tennessee. Second class post- 
age paid at Dayton, Tennessee, 
and additional mailing offices. 

Copyright 1977 


William Jennings Bryan College 

Dayton, Tennessee 

POSTMASTERS: Send form 3579 to 
Bryan College, Dayton. TN 37321. 


The administration building in a 
winter setting was photo- 
graphed in color by a student 
photographer, John Shalanko 
77, fortheCOM/WOA/£R, the col- 
lege yearbook. 

COLOR PHOTO (page 8) 

Holy Family with Elizabeth by 
Cunnyngham Studio. 

Volume 3 

WINTER 1977 

Number 2 

GREETINGS FROM JERUSALEM: A Bryan professor invests his 3 

sabbatical leave in studying and teaching at the center of Bible 
geography. By Alan Winkler 


The fourth article in a series on the inspiration, canon, and text of 
the Bible. By Dr. John C. Anderson 

THE NATIVITY: This poem is taken from Clarke's anthology, 7 

Christ in Poetry. 

CHRISTMAS GREETINGS: Bryan is sharing with all friends and 8 

readers the annual Christmas message through the reproduction of 
a famous painting. 

CAMPUS CALENDAR: Special programs and speakers are Hsted 9 

to provide a schedule of campus activities for visitors, parents, and 
other friends. 

WALKING IN HIS CRUNCHES: A heart-stirring story by a Bryan 10 

alumna of finding solace in the midst of grief. By Maureen Hay 

CAMPUS REVIEW: A cross section of news and events about the 12 

college community. 

I LIKE TO HELP BRYAN STUDENTS: A long-time friend follows 15 

her sister's example in supporting scholarship aid. 


Bryan's Christmas greeting to you this 
year is to be found in the center page of 
this issue of Bryan Life. The repro- 
duced painting of the Holy Family with 
Elizabeth and John focuses the Christmas 
story on those stirring behind-the-scenes 
occurrences in the lives of Zacharias and 
Elizabeth and Mary and Joseph, which led to the miraculous births of the 
two children. A reading of Luke 1 makes the painting come alive as a 
pictorial representation of two great events in the history of our 
salvation — the birth of John, who was called the prophet of the Highest 
and was to prepare the way of the Lord, and the birth of Jesus, the Son of 
the Highest, who would save His people from their sins. Truly we can join 
in Zacharias's inspired prayer "that we being delivered out of the hand of 
our enemies, might serve Him without fear in holiness and righteousness 
... all the days of our lives." 

Theodore C. Mercer 




from Jerusalem! 

Mr. Winkler received the B.A. from Bryan in 1960 and tine Th.M. from Dallas Theological 
Seminary in 1965. He returned to Bryan the same year for a faculty appointment and has 
continued asassistant professor of Christian Education and Bible. He is pastor of the Ogden 
Baptist Church near Dayton. The Winklers' two daughters, Annette (Mrs. Owen Egeberg) 
and Connie, are also Bryan graduates. 

Mr. and Mrs. Winkler 

v^ limbing the Judean hills, strolling along the shores 
of the Sea of Galilee, or browsing in the historic city of 
Jerusalem — all are part of the activities that make the 
pages of Alan Winkler's Bible tingle with life and mean- 
ing while he is both studying and teaching at the Insti- 
tute of Holy Land Studies in Jerusalem this fall. Both 
Mr. Winkler and his wife, Hilda, are enjoying this 
unique opportunity to spend four months at the geo- 
graphical center of Bible history while Mr. Winkler is 

Photo by Jack Lacey '52 

on a sabbatical leave from Bryan's division of Biblical 
studies. The Winklers will spend Christmas in the Holy 
Land, returning to Tennessee in early January, just in 
time for the second semester here. 

To share his enthusiasm for this study and travel 
privilege, Mr. Winkler sends greetings to the Bryan 
family, which we are passing on to our extended family 
in Christ. 

"Greetings from the Land of oui Lord! 

"This is the greatest expeiience of our Uves. Yes- 
terday we stood on the remains of four ancient Ju- 
dean cities and went through the valley of Elah, 
where David killed Goliath. 

"lam studying under some of the greatest scholars 
from the universities here in Israel, who teach one 
course each at the Institute. I am taking two courses 
in archaeology and one in Bible history. In addition 
to this, we are going through the land in a series of 
field trips from the Institute. Our trip yesterday was 
the second one. We also have a class in Modern 
Israeli Society with different speakers each week. So 
far we have heard an Arab scholar and an Israeli 
army officer. I just can 't wait to share all these things 
with my classes at Bryan. 

"Every few days we visit the empty tomb of our 
Lord. My first impression of Calvary was a little 
disappointing. It is surrounded by shops, and in front 
there is a bus station. I had expected a quiet place, 
where one could meditate. But I began to realize that 
Jesus died there to meet the needs of our busy twen- 
tieth century lives. Yes, that is where Calvary be- 
longs for each of us — right in the center of life's 

^""■^■^^•" Alan Wmkler 

WINTER 1977. 



by John C. Anderson, Th.D. 

If the original New Testament documents were 
available, the question of reliability of the New Testa- 
ment text would be forever settled inasmuch as the 
exact words of the author would be known; but such is 
not the case. Because of the perishable nature of writing 
materials utilized in ancient days, time has taken its toll , 
and the original manuscripts have disappeared. Al- 
though the original manuscripts are no longer extant, 
still there is an abundance of copies. At a recent count 
there were known to exist 5,338 manuscript copies of all 
or part of the Greek New Testament. 

Prior to the invention of printing, about the middle of 
the fifteenth century, copies of documents were pro- 
duced by hand. The transcription in this way of such 
documents naturally resulted in the introduction of er- 
rors due to human fallibility. Succeeding copies not 
only perpetuated the errors of the first copy but also 
permitted the introduction of new variations. Thus, the 
number of deviations from the original was increased in 
proportion to the number of copyings. The presence of 
such variations in the extant evidence has given birth to 
the problem question posed by the title of this article — 
how reliable then is the text of the New Testament? 

The problem, however, is not unique to the New 
Testament manuscripts, but is likewise shared by all 
classical literary works. Such variations have caused 
the development of the science of textual criticism 
which has for its purpose the recovery of the exact text 
of the original document. The New Testament, in con- 
trast to the classical literature of the same general 
period, occupies a most favorable position as far as 
amount, variety, and quality of evidence are con- 
cerned. The evidence for the text of classical literature 
is extremely limited, e.g., Caesar's Gallic War (written 
between 58-50 B.C.) has only nine or ten copies, with 
the earliest copy being dated about 900 years after the 
original. The New Testament, however, differs sharply 
in this respect in that there are four distinct sources of 
evidence , with an abundance of material in each source . 
The sources of evidence are manuscripts, ancient ver- 
sions, lectionaries, and the patristic writings. 

ing the value of the manuscript are the type of text 
involved and the number of copyings by which it is 
removed from the original document. Age is a relative 
factor but must be carefully considered. As a general 
rule, the style of writing and type of material utilized, 
indicate the age. The uncials vary greatly in age and 
value. The leading codices of this group are Codex 
Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus, the former being the 
only uncial that contains the whole New Testament. 
This particular codex is dated around 375 A.D., 
whereas the latter is generally placed in the middle of 
the same century. 


In addition to the uncials, the papyri, so named be- 
cause they were written on material derived from the 
papyrus plant of Egypt, also occupy an important posi- 
tion. The significance of this type of manuscript is that it 
contains portions of the New Testament which are 100 
to 150 years earlier than the oldest uncials. The most 
important of this type are the Chester Beatty papyri, 
which he purchased in Egypt in 1930 and which con- 
tained three valuable codices of the New Testament. If 
complete, they would have contained all of the New 
Testament except the pastoral and catholic epistles. 
Recent discoveries of papyrological fragments have 
pushed the date back to 125 A.D. If such dating be 
conceded, then there is a text existing within thirty-five 
years of the writing of the last book of the New Testa- 


Again, it must be observed that it is not the date of a 
manuscript which is necessarily the most important 
factor but rather the number of copyings by which it is 
removed from the original. A shorter time, however, 
might suggest fewer copyings than a longer period, and 
thus, the text might be of better quality. It is also impor- 
tant to realize that a manuscript of a comparatively late 
date might have been copied from one of much earlier 
date and/or of purer text. This is true of the last class of 


In the nature of the case, manuscripts furnish the 
most important source of evidence for the text. There 
are three types of manuscripts: uncials, papyri, and 
minuscules or cursives. Although the papyrological 
texts are generally older, the leading manuscript evi- 
dence appears to be afforded by the uncials (manu- 
scripts written in capital letters), of which there are well 
over 200 in existence. The leading factors in determin- 

TheNew Testament Documents , Are They Reliable? by F. 
F. Bruce and currently published by InterVarsity Press 
in a paperback is recommended. Since appearing in 
January 1943, this first work of Dr. Bruce has gone 
through five editions with nineteen printings. 

Bryan's own alumnus Wilbur Pickering '56 has con- 
tributed to the scholarly discussion in the area of textual 
criticism through his volume. The Identity of the New 
Testament Text, published earlier this year by Thomas 
Nelson, Inc. 



Dr. John Anderson, professor of ancient languages, 
holds the B.A, degree from the University of Illinois and the 
Th.M. and Th.D. from Dallas Theological Seminary. Dr. 
Anderson shares with Dr. Irving L. Jensen the honor of 
senior faculty member at Bryan w/ith twenty-three years of 
service. Dr. and Mrs. Anderson have two sons and one 
daughter, all of whom attended Bryan. Mrs. Anderson is 
also on the library staff. 

manuscripts: namely, the minuscules. The name itself 
means rather small and suggests a small letter as op- 
posed to an uncial or capital. The style of writing is the 
cursive (running) style, which came to the fore for liter- 
ary purposes in the tenth century. The minuscules 
cover a period from the tenth to the fifteenth century. 
The dating is somewhat misleading in that the inference 
might be drawn that a manuscript was far removed from 
the original text when such might not be the case. All 
minuscules are comparatively late, but careful studies 
have shown that certain families of this group are very 
important and contain an early text. The number of this 
type of evidence exceeds 2,700. 


The ancient versions constitute the second source of 
evidence. This does not necessarily imply that they are 
second in value. The term version simply means to turn; 
that is, to turn the Greek of the original into another 
language. There were three primary versions: Syriac, 
Egyptian, and Latin. Each of these in turn contains 
several translations. For example, the Syriac has the 
following translations: Diatessaron of Tatian, Old 
Syria, Peshitta, Philoxenian Syriac, Harkeleian, and 
Palestinian Syriac. These vary in character, date, and 
value. The importance of these and other versions is 
twofold: first, some of them are 150-200 years before 
the major uncials; and, second, if the original text of the 
version can be reproduced, then the type of Greek text 
available in the area can be determined. The disadvan- 
tage, however, is apparent: a second step would be 
necessary in the critical process before the original text 
was reached, in that the versions themselves are the 
subject of criticism. The chance for error, thus, is com- 


The third type of evidence is that presented by the 
Church Fathers. The patristic writings have certain 
values , as well as disadvantages . The former is that it is 
known, within limits, when the fathers lived, where 
they lived, and when they wrote. Thus, the early date of 
many has a distinct value in localizing and dating the 
various versions and texts. The disadvantages, too, are 
clear. The Church Fathers were not so precise in their 
quotations as we today would wish. The looseness 
might be the result of quoting from memory or the lack 
of a manuscript. In spite of this fault, the quotations 
have degrees of certainty and value. In addition, be- 
cause the original writings of the fathers have vanished, 
these quotations, too, are subject to textual criticism. 
Nonetheless, it must be asserted that they have a rela- 
tive value with regard to the reestablishment of the 
authentic text of the New Testament. 


The last source of testimony as to the original text of 
the New Testament is found in the lectionaries. These 
were reading lessons of the text adapted for public 
worship. Although the lectionaries were considered of 
little value in the past for textual criticism, recent 
studies have shown that, although they exhibit certain 
adaptations and omissions, they do contain a conser- 
vative type of text. Their value is augmented by the fact 
that nearly 2,200 of them are known to be in existence. 

These, along with the other sources of evidence for 
the text, indicate the abundance of materials for the 
textual criticism of the New Testament. The text of no 
other document of antiquity is as well attested. 


Within this abundance of evidence there are many 
variations resulting from the hand-copying of the text. 
Several elements may cause the introduction of errors 
into the copied document: 

1) the esteem in which the original manuscript was held 
(extreme care undoubtedly would be taken in repro- 
duction of a highly esteemed document, a fact 
clearly illustrated by the attitude the Jews had to- 
ward the text of the Old Testament); 

2) the training of the copyist (it is reasonable to assume 
that a poorly trained individual would turn out work 
inferior to that of a more highly qualified person); 

3) the physical quality of work being copied (the legibil- 
ity of the handwritten document being copied could 
affect the accuracy of the transcription); 

4) the process of the copying — whether the autograph 
was being copied directly or was being read by an 
individual and copied by others (mass production of 
copies of manuscripts was accomplished in this 
manner in the early days); and 

5) the purpose for which the copy was made (it is con- 
ceivable that less care would be taken in some in- 
stances than in others for this reason). 

WINTER 1977 



In the transcription of a document, there are two 
classes of scribal enors that may be made: namely, 
intentional and unintentional. The former kind arose 
when the scribe deliberately corrected the text with the 
idea of doing it for the good; that is, he considered the 
text to be wrong, and he was endeavoring to correct it. 
There are five kinds of intentional errors: 1) The correc- 
tion of spelling and grammatical errors, 2) corruptions 
made in a deliberate attempt to harmonize one passage 
with another, 3) historical corrections to clear up dif- 
ficulties and supposed inaccuracies, 4) doctrinal cor- 
ruption made to support the views of the scribe, and 5) 
liturgical changes introduced when selections were 
adapted for public reading, a type of error common in 
the lectionary or service book. 

The second class of error, the unintentional, is by far 
the more common of the two and is due to human 
fallibility . Six types of unintentional corruptions may be 
noted: errors of the eye, ear, memory, pen, speech, and 

For example, errors of the eye involved the repetition 
or omission of words and clauses; errors of the ear were 
introduced when a manuscript was prepared from dicta- 
tion because the distinction in pronunciadon between 
the vowels and diphthongs was not altogether clear; and 
the errors of judgment would include the misreading of 
abbreviations or the insertion of marginal glosses as a 
part of the original text. 

Thus, through intenfional and unintentional errors, 
the deviations from the original manuscript were intro- 
duced into the many extant copies . The question ' ' What 
did the original manuscripts actually contain, since 
there are so many variations?" presents a major prob- 
lem. The development of the science of textual criticism 
is a deliberate attempt to restore the original text as far 
as possible. 


From the foregoing, the inference may be wrongly 
drawn that the whole text of the New Testament has 
been corrupted and therefore stands in doubt. This is 
not the fact; actually, with regard to the major part of 
the text, there is no variation or other ground for doubt. 
The science of criticism enters only where there is 
disagreement among the documents transmitting the 
text. The primary purpose of criticism is the purifica- 
tion of the text by the discovery and rejection of the 
false. It is generally accepted that approximately 
seven-eighths of the text is beyond quesdon. The re- 
maining eighth is the valid subject of criticism. Within 
this small portion there are many types of deviations, 
corruptions ranging from spelling errors to lengthy 
omissions but none affecting the substantive message of 
the Bible or any major doctrine of Christianity. 

The practice of textual criticism relative to docu- 
ments has been known since the days of the Old Testa- 
ment. Although it was exercised to a limited degree with 
regard to the text of the New Testament in early days, 
its development into a full-orbed science is of relatively 

recent origin. The King James Version of the Bible rests 
on the non-critical Textus Receptus or Received Text, 
which was based on late Greek minuscules and was 
largely the work of Erasmus in the sixteenth century. 

Of the several scholars active in the growing area of 
textual criticism since the Authorized Version of the 
seventeenth century, two Cambridge scholars, 
Westcott and Hort, in the late nineteenth century de- 
veloped principles of criticism and produced a text 
which were accepted by the Revisers of 1881-85 and 
which have generally prevailed in the field of textual 
criticism until recently. Perhaps the greatest contribu- 
tion of these men was their theory of the families of 
documents. This principle is still intact with but slight 
modifications, more recent scholarship adjusting the 
limits of the families and adopting a fivefold classifica- 
tion: the Byzantine, the Alexandrian, the Western, the 
Caesarean, and the Syriac. Though the theory of 
families of documents appears to have been estab- 
lished, the debate goes on as new discoveries are made. 

In more recent decades, developments have been in 
the direction of eclecticism, in which each scholar and 
translator, considering variant readings on their merits 
and having weighed the evidence for themselves, select 
for translation in each passage the reading which in their 
judgment seems most likely to represent what the au- 
thor wrote. Recent versions such as RSV, NEB, and 
NIV are all based on eclectic texts. 


Is the text of the New Testament reliable? Textual 
criticism answers with confidence in the affirmative, all 
the foregoing information notwithstanding. Several ar- 
guments point to such a conclusion: 

1) The amount of evidence attesting the text is over- 

2) Only a small portion of the text, one-eighth, is actu- 
ally involved. This amount is greatly reduced if word 
order and other comparative trivialities are omitted. 
The final amount is one and one-half percent after 
the elimination of orthographical errors. 

3) The principles utilized in reconstructing the text, 
though proved by time through use in the scholarly 
world in connection with the classical texts of an- 
tiquity, may be subject to modification in the new 
discoveries and further developments. 

It can be said, without doubt, that no doctrine of 
Christianity rests upon a disputed text. The Bible stu- 
dent has no cause for alarm nor any reason for apology 
relative to the text of his Bible. In view of the fluid state 
of textual criticism and the consequent potential for 
mistaken implications to be drawn from such a situa- 
tion, it is appropriate both to quote the words of the late 
Sir Frederic Kenyon and to take them to heart with 

"It is reassuring at the end to find that the general 
result of all this study is to strengthen the proof of the 
authenticity of the Scriptures, and our conviction 
that we have in our hands, in substantial integrity, 
the veritable Word of God." 




^e (^ativitjr 

Here is the hinge of history — the hour 

Wherefrom the years recede, the years advance- 
The night when Love has victory over Power. 

A new-born child beneath a mother' s glance, 

God the Creator is made manifest. 
Born of his creature, flesh of circumstance . 

Here, petal- soft against his mother s breast. 
He lies who made the sun to be his rose; 
Here he who strews the lightnings lies at rest! 

O little hands that fold the falling snows! 

O baby hands that buoy the nightingale! 
How can your fingers sleep in such repose? 

And must you, O soft baby feet, re scale 
The height of Heaven on the driven nail? 

E. Merrill Root 

a^gB;!ggg»r'g AWBUftJ^g «gg^-'«Kv"^^ 

(^[Jerry QTristmas 

and ^appy IS(ew ^ear! 

"The dayspring from on high hath visited us, to 
give hght to them that sit in darkness and in the 
shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of 
peace. " 

Luke 1:78b, 79 

The painting entitled Holy Family with Elizabeth, 
from which this picture was reproduced, is an oil copy 
attributed to a pupil of Andrea del Sarto of the Italian 
School. This piece of art, which hangs in Rhea House, 
was donated to Bryan in 1962, along with twelve pieces 

of Italian furniture, by Mrs. Stephen Lesher of Philadel- 
phia at the suggestion of her niece, Mrs. D. C. Haynes of 
Ft. Pierce, Fla. Andrea del Sarto's original of the Holy 
Family with Elizabeth, dated 1528, is displayed in the 
Pitti Palace in Florence. 


















5 6 






©Tenn. \«bs. 









*Dr. Brian Richardson 












*Dr. John 








*Mr. Gary Phillips 





Board o 


1 Trustees 












Div. of 
History & 
Sac. Sc. 









• • 

Rev. Mark Corts 










Lit. & Modern 

Languages Division 


Hilltop Players 

8:00 8:00 8:00 


































Choir Tour 







Choir Concert 





Div. of 
Educ. & 







Day of 



6 Jerry 










Charles R. S 




















Div. of 
Fine Arts 







tBIIIy ! 

















Bacca- 3D 









Board of 























larold Lindsel 



& (Jay Adai 
























* Bryan Bible professors 

** Pastor of Calvary Baptist Church, Winston-Salem, N.C. 

§ Missionary Conference speakers — 

George Verwer, founder of Operation Mobilization 
Al Piatt, president of Central American Mission 

it Pastor of Berean Bible Church, Columbus, Ind. 

t Torchbearers, England 

t Dallas Seminary professor 

♦ Retired editor of Christianity Today 

• Dean of Christian Counselling Institute 
Q) Intervarsity Basketball games 

# Professor of Theology, Grace College 

The campus calendar is included here to serve as a prayer 
reminder for the second semester and to give our readers a 
sample listing of chapel programs and special events. Devotional 
chapels are generally held three days a week and a fourth day is 
devoted to faculty, class, and committee meetings. Space forbids 
the inclusion of all events and the names of all chapel speakers. 

/INTER 1977 




Maureen Hay Read '58, Narvon, Pa., is a housewife and sciioolteacher. Slie recently wrote 
tlie dramatic story of fier travels, marriage, children, financial disaster, sudden grief, and 
unexpected joy under the title Like a Watered Garden, published by Herald Press. This brief 
episode from her life's story was published by Moody Monthly in September 1975 and is 
reprinted by permission with copyright in 1975 by Moody Bible Institute. 

Maureen Read 

W "■> 

It was the biggest snow of the 
year. When a light rain came and put 
a hard crust on top, it was even bet- 
ter. I helped James and Elizabeth 
into several layers of clothes, half 
an hour's work, and out they went 
into the gleaming world of winter. 
They beat around, making tracks 
and sliding pieces of ice over the 
shiny surface. 

Almost three-year-old Michael, 
watching from the inside, wanted to 
go too . ' ' Little one , it ' s too slippery . 
You're too small to walk on such 
crusty hard snow." He didn't un- 
derstand at all. He cried and 
begged, and I decided he should try 
it and learn what "dangerous" 

More layers. Sweater, leggings, 
coat, hat, mittens that didn't match 
but were dry at least, and boots that 
made me puff straining to get them 
on. All for five minutes. He 
wouldn't last any longer than that. 

He must have got on top and slid 
half way to the neighbor's house 
when he caught on a tree. In a few 
minutes I looked out and saw 
Elizabeth, who was a little mother 
to her brothers, leading Michael by 
the hand into the house. He was 

When I asked how she managed 
to get him, she replied calmly and 




capably, "I just crunched down to 
him and took his hand, and he 
walked back in my crunches." 

Elizabeth was special. She had 
everything a mother could want 
for a daughter — beauty, superb 
health, intelligence, an unusual 
sense of humor, and enough mis- 
chief to make her human. My hus- 
band, Ed, and I often laughed at her 
down-to-earth comments. One day 
she and James had been discussing a 
little friend who was rather over- 
weight. James charitably said, 
"Well, she can't help she's fat. God 
made her that way." To which 
Elizabeth replied in her slow con- 
traho voice, "God didn't make her 
that way. She just ate too much." 

I often told Ed that if anything 
happened to me, Elizabeth would 
hold the family together. She was 
that kind of little girl. At four years 
she could ice a cake (with much 
finger licking) and wash dishes bet- 
ter than many older girls. 

Several weeks after the crunching 
snow, we had unseasonably warm 
weather. Following a rainy morn- 
ing, the sun came out with a burst of 
pre-spring glory, and we all scam- 
pered outside for a walk. Elizabeth 
seemed tired that afternoon, but re- 
fused to rest. After the walk she bus- 
ily carried water from the kitchen 
sink to make mud pies, with 
sidelong glances at me to see if I 

I'm glad I didn't. 

Because after a brief illness that 
night, Elizabeth was in Heaven. In 
all the frenzy of mouth-to-mouth 
aid, the flashing lights of the ambu- 
lances, oxygen tanks, frantic 
prayers, people rushing about, 
Jesus came for her and took her 
hand and she crunched after Him. 

The autopsy report said that the 
quick death was due to a massive 
viral infection that went im- 
mediately into her brain. The numb- 
ing effect of shock and the prayer of 
hundreds of friends helped us in the 
first days. It snowed before the fu- 
neral, and the world looked pure and 
clean. The white casket and white 

WINTER 1977 

roses that children laid with her 
were a reminder of childish inno- 
cence and how God must love to 
welcome a small one. 
"When we've been there ten 

thousand years. 
Bright, shining as the sun. ..." 

It was wee Michael's voice chim- 
ing above everyone else's at the 
funeral. We were singing our favor- 
ite family hymn, "Amazing Grace," 
and I realized that the song had run 
full course now. One of us was 
brighter, more shining than she had 
ever been before. I recalled Jesus' 
prayer in John 17:24: "Father, I will 
that they also whom thou hast given 
me be with me where I am, that they 
may behold my glory. ..." 

Beholding His glory. Could our 
girl be doing that? Faith said yes, 
but in the next weeks and months I 
tried to cope with the blackest de- 
spair I have ever known. All I could 
think of was that beautiful Httle face 
sagging and crumbling in the 
ground. The sting of death. Would I 
see her again? 

Just three days before her death, I 
had had a conversation with a 
neighbor who said, "So there's a 
God. Either He's not really God and 
He can't prevent trouble and acci- 
dents and sorrow, or He is God and 
allows these things because He's 
mean and sadistic. Those are the 
only two alternatives." I told her of 
the third possibility, that God in 
love can permit something in this 
short life span that could enhance 
and enrich all eternity. I said it eas- 
ily. Now was the test, and I was 
failing. My faith seemed to be shat- 

"If in this life only we have hope 
in Christ, we are of all men most 
miserable." I knew now what Paul 
was talking about in I Cor. 15:19. 
Without the resurrection, life has no 

Lord, I want to believe. I'm just so 
lost in this grief. Help me. 

And He came — through the 
darkness and doubts, as He had 
done so many times before. 

He came first in a letter from a 
dear friend, Mrs. McLeod, who had 
lost her own lovely daughter Alice 
some years before. She wrote, "I 
got up at three this morning and 
poured out my heart to God for you 
dear people." Thank you. Father, 
for the gift of prayer, that it can 
reach me here in Pennsylvania all 
the way from Wisconsin. For it had 
reached me. The bleak despair was 
beginning to lift. 

Then a letter arrived from Ire- 
land. One of my cousins had read 
our account of Elizabeth's death 
and was so moved by it that she had 
accepted Christ into her life. It's 
a high price to pay. Lord — but then 
You know all about that. You gave 
Your Son. 

A neighbor stopped in one day 
and told me that she and her hus- 
band had now started going to 
church. I had been praying for her 
for the last two years. Was this the 
beginning of an answer? Had our 
girl touched them in some way? 

As a gift from my parents, I flew 
to Beirut to visit missionary friends. 
There I was able to give personally 
the money from Elizabeth's memo- 
rial fund to the Lebanon Evangeli- 
cal Mission for children's literature. 
Perhaps through her death she 
might change a httle girl's life or 
give eternal values to an Arab boy. 
It was up to God. He had taken 
Elizabeth, and He was the One who 
had promised that "all things work 
together for good to them that love 
God" (Rom. 8:28). 

It was a slow process for me, this 
return to peace and hope. There 
were no visions, no dramatic 
events. I still see her everywhere. 
Her little treasures turn up at unex- 
pected moments, and memories 
crowd each room of the house. 
Michael keeps saying, "I wish 
Ewizabef come down outa the 

Yet as our son James says, "The 
days are getting happier." That's 
because Jesus came to me and took 
my hand and I'm walking in His 
crunches again. 


'lf=Ef .^5-^;BBYiPwN; iiaMie 




^ ^L G| 

Bradshaw Fary 


Steve P. Bradshaw '75, instructor 
in psychology; M.Ed, in community 
counseling from Georgia State Uni- 
versity, where his program included 
training as a psychiatric assistant 
and a milieu therapist at Peach- 
tree-Parkwood Mental Health 
Center in Atlanta. He is married to 
the former Beth Lonie of Detroit, 
who teaches music in Dayton City 
School. Mr. Bradshaw succeeds 
Miriam Sailers, who has entered 
Rosemead Graduate School in 

Malcolm I. Fary, assistant profes- 
sor of education; B.A. in Bible and 
theology from Barrington College, 
R.I.; M.S. in elementary education 
from East Stroudsburg State Col- 
lege in Pennsylvania; doctoral can- 
didate at Rutgers University 
Graduate School in New 
Brunswick, N.J. Mr. Fary was 
principal of Brookside School in 
Mendham Township, N.J., for the 
past eight years. He and his wife, 
Lucia, are parents of three children. 
Mr. Fary succeeds L. Donald Hill, 
who accepted an administrative 
position at Chattanooga State 
Technical Community College. 

Robert E. Larzelere, assistant 
professor of psychology; B.A. from 
Wabash College; M.S. in psychol- 
ogy from Georgia Tech; one year of 
graduate study at Columbia Bible 
College; Ph.D. candidate with a 
major in family studies at Penn State 
University. He is a member of 
numerous professional organiza- 
tions and the recipient of several 
professional honors. He and his 
wife, Rosalie, have a daughter, Lisa 
Michelle, born November 6. Mr. 
Larzelere succeeds Dr. Tom Biller, 
who is in private practice as a 
psychological counselor with of- 
fices in Cleveland and Chattanooga. 



Miss J. Deborah Whitlow, instruc- 
tor in health and physical education 
and director of women's athletics; 
B.S. in physical education and sec- 
ondary education, Lee College, 
Cleveland, Tenn.; M.A., Univer- 
sity of Southeastern Louisiana. 
Miss Whitlow's appointment is part 
of a long-range plan for expanding 
the women's program in physical 
education and athletics. 

David A. Wright '73, assistant 
hbrarian; M.S. in library science 
from the University of Tennessee in 
Knoxville. His wife, Debra, is 
employed as the college nurse. Mr. 
Wright fills the vacancy created 
when Mrs. Rebecca Van Meeveren, 
assistant librarian, became director 
of library services on the resigna- 
tion of Miss Virginia Seguine, who 
has joined the staff of the 
Campbell-Reese Evangelistic As- 
sociation of Canada. 

Robert D. Wykstra, 

CPA, assistant pro- 
fessor of accounting; 
B.A. in business 
economics from Cal- 
vin College, Grand 
Rapids; M.B.A. from 
Western Michigan 
University, Kalamazoo. Mr. 
Wykstra' s appointment now makes 
it possible for the college to offer a 
major in accounting. His wife, Eve- 
lyn, is an elementary teacher in the 
Rhea County school system. 

Miss Rachel Ross, assistant pro- 
fessor of speech, attended a Chris- 
tian Arts Seminar in Houston, Tex. 
Seminar participants were profes- 
sionals from the fields of film, thea- 
ter, music, and television, including 
Tedd Smith, musician and com- 
poser, whose piano concert opened 
the session, and Jeanette Clift 
George, star of The Hiding Place, 
who led workshops in acting, direct- 
ing, and drama in the church. 

Robert Andrews, dean of men, 
was one of three speakers at a con- 
ference for singles held recently at 
Reach Out Ranch in Chattanooga. 
More than 150 young people. 

mostly from the Southeast, heard 
Mr. Andrews's three messages on 
"The Church as an Agent of 
Change." The ministry of Reach 
Out Ranch was founded in 1970 by 
Mrs. Kay Arthur to help young 
people to meet problems in their 
lives with solutions from God's 
Word and to become established in 
the Lord. 

Robert Larzelere, assistant pro- 
fessor of psychology, made a pres- 
entadon to the National Council on 
Family Relations in San Diego, 
Calif., Oct. 12-15. The theme of the 
annual meeting was "Values, Mor- 
als, Ethics, and the American Fam- 
ily." The title of Mr. Larzelere's 
presentation, in which he was 
joined by two members of the Penn 
State University faculty, was 
"Family Development and the 
Family Life Cycle: An Empirical 

Gary Phillips, instructor in Greek 
and Bible, was the speaker for a 
youth conference sponsored by the 
Knoxville Presbytery of the Pres- 
byterian Church (U.S.) on two 
October weekends. In four mes- 
sages each weekend, Mr. Phillips 
addressed between 250 and 300 high 
school youth on the theme "God's 
Love for Us." 


^ r% 



Staff changes this summer re- 
sulted in several graduates of the 
college being returned to the cam- 
pus in new roles: 

Barbara Howard '73, as assistant 
registrar, replacing Mrs. Grace 
Smith Ely '75. 

Neil Magnussen '77, as admis- 
sions counselor, replacing Larry 
Puckett '73. 

Debra Sterrett '77, as head resi- 
dent of Maranatha, replacing Mrs. 
Susan Waddell Davis '74. 

Tom Varney '77, as director of 
Practical Christian Involvement, 
replacing Lynn Wheeler '75. 

Sterrett Varney 




'.V^A^:-r ,-■/■ 






Charles Westgate '62. pastor of 
the Community Baptist Church. 
Montoursville. Pa., was honored as 
Alumnus of the Year for 1977 at the 
fall alumni homecoming banquet. 

This honor recognizes Mr. 
Westgate's outstanding perform- 
ance in service to Bryan College as 
well as his pastoral ministry. He 
served a two-year term as president 
of the Alumni Association during 
the early promotion of the Rudd 
Memorial Chapel fund raising, and 
this year, with the aid of his wife, 
the former Sandra Sorrell "63, he 
was the youth director for the sum- 
mer Bible conference at Bryan. Mr. 
and Mrs. Westgate were field rep- 
resentatives for the college for two 
years between 1967 and 1969 as stu- 
dent recruiters. They have con- 
tinued recruiting for Bryan among 
the youth in their former pastorate 
at the Sale Creek Presbyterian 
Church near Dayton as well as in 
their present location. Three stu- 
dents are currently enrolled from 
the Montoursville church. 

Mr. Westgate was also recog- 
nized for listing in the 1971 edition 
of Outstanding Young Men of America. 


"The Biblical View of Marriage 
and the Family" " was the theme of 
the annual Staley Distinguished 
Christian Scholar Lectures deliv- 
ered by Dr. Kenneth O. Gangel, 
president of Miami (Fla.) Christian 
College. As in the past, the five lec- 
tures this year attracted large 
attendance and interest from the 
college community. Because of this 
consistent pattern of success, 
Bryan was selected as one of ten 
colleges out of more than two 
hundred participating institutions to 
have its annual program endowed. 
This endowment was in the form of 

a gift of 1,000 shares of Reynolds 
Securities stock from the Staley 
Foundation, established by the late 
Thomas F. Staley to perpetuate an 
evangelical witness among college 
students. Mr. Staley, who was a na- 
tive of Bristol, Tenn., and a found- 
ing partner of Reynolds Securities, 
died on September 13, 1977. 


The ten-film ?,mQ?. How Should We 
Then Live? featuring Dr. Francis 
Schaeffer, of L'Abri Fellowship in 
Switzerland, was shown at the an- 
nual faculty retreat as a part of the 
in-service training on the integra- 
tion of faith, learning, and life. 

Dr. R. Allen Killen, a personal 
friend of Dr. Schaeffer, was the re- 
source person for the discussion 
periods after each section of films. 
A member of the Bryan faculty from 
1969-71 and of Reformed Theologi- 
cal Seminary faculty, Jackson, 
Miss., from 1971-77, Dr. Killen has 
now retired from full-time teaching 
but continues on a part-time basis at 
Reformed Seminary and also 
at John Wesley Biblical School in 

The college has purchased the 
Schaeffer films under the sponsor- 
ship of the Bryan Women's Aux- 
iliary, and other showings have 
been scheduled for the students and 
visiting friends. 


Total head count 548 

Full-time students 508 

Part-time students 40 

Full-time equivalent 521 

States Represented 36 

(The first 10 states) 

Tennessee (incl. part-time) 114 
Florida 70 

Georgia 41 

Michigan 35 

North Carolina 32 

Virginia 24 

Illinois 23 

Pennsylvania 21 

Ohio 17 

New York 17 

Foreign countries (34 students) 19 


The Hilltop Players presented 
their fall production. The Importance 
of Being Earnest, by Oscar Wilde, on 
November 10-12, under the direc- 
tion of Miss Rachel Ross, assistant 
professor of speech. Assistant di- 


Barth Hay McKinney 

Dr. Ian M. Hay '50, general direc- 
tor of the Sudan Interior Mission, 
was elected chairman of the Bryan 
Board of Trustees at the regular fall 
session. James Barth '57, partner in 
Barth Farms, poultry producers of 
Poland, Ohio, was elected vice 
chairman: and Morris Brodsky, 
owner of Scripture Truth Book Co., 
is the new secretary (not pictured). 

Dr. Hay, a member of the board 
since 1969, succeeds Dr. J. Wesley 
McKinney, a Memphis ophthal- 
mologist, who held the chairman's 
post for eight years and will continue 
to serve on the board. Mr. Barth 
succeeds Dr. Hay as vice chairman; 
and Mr. Brodsky follows Edward J. 
Robeson, III, of Chester, S.C., as 

In other actions, the board regret- 
fully announced a six percent in- 
crease in cost for 1978-79, a decision 
deemed necessary to offset current 
inflation. Cost comparisons show 
that Bryan's total charges still re- 
main below those of most other 
accredited private colleges. 

The board also discussed plans 
for a long-range, four-phase expan- 
sion of the gymnasium and consid- 
ered the need for expanding the li- 
brary and the food service facilities. 
A budget of $2,245,000 was ap- 
proved for the 1977-78 fiscal year. 

Nine members of the National 
Advisory Council met for an infor- 
mation session just prior to the trus- 
tees" meeting and then shared in an 
advisory capacity on committees of 
the board. 

rector was Cliff Hall, a junior from 
Say re. Pa. 

The ten-student cast successfully 
entertained the Bryan audience 
with the' humorous rendition of 
Wilde's sadre on social graces in the 
Victorian period. 

WINTER 1977 






January 4-6, 1978 


Bromley, Kent, England, 
founder and director of 
Operation Mobilization 

together with 



Central American Mission, 

Dallas, Texas 



and including 25 missionaries representing various 
fields and several world-mission agencies, presenting 
workshops, displays, and films. 

Special inusic by 

of Concert Ministries Association 
Iowa City, Iowa 


The soccer Lions won the National 
Christian College Athletic Association 
title for the third year in succession by 
defeating Grace College of Indiana 2-1, 
Barrington of Rhode Island 2-1, and 
Eastern College of Pennsylvania 1-0 in 
the tournament held at Covenant College 
in Chattanooga on November 10-12. 
Three consecutive championships placed 
Bryan in an unprecedented position of 
honor in NCCAA annals. 

The soccer team completed its 
season with a 12-3-1 record — 
second best in the school's fifteen 
years of soccer history. Bryan won 
the Tennessee Temple Invitational 
in September and advanced to the 
NCCAA tournament with a 1-0 win 
over Central Wesleyan in the 
NCCAA District 5 playoff game on 
November 5. 

The homecoming win over 
Sewanee (4-1) marked the 50th 
coaching victory for John Reeser 
since he came to Bryan in 1972. 

Luke Germann, senior from 
Nashville, Tenn., advanced to all- 
time top scorer early in the season, 
showing a career total of 43 goals, of 
which 17 were made in 1977. He was 
also voted MVP at the NCCAA 

Brian Chapman, junior of Pom- 
pano, Fla., is the second leading 
goal producer in the current edition 
of the Lions with 12 goals this year. 

Rocky DaCosta, sophomore of 
Bermuda, made two crucial goals 
— the score that won the District 5 


playoff and the single score in the 
tournament finals. 


The Lionettes carried away the 
second place trophy in the AIAW 
State Volleyball Tournament at Mil- 
ligan College on November 12, but 
succumbed to the superior strength 
of the University of Tennessee at 
Martin in the first year of competi- 
don in this division. 

Defending their 1976 Tennessee 
State Championship of non-AIAW 
competition, the women's vol- 
leyball team ended the season with 
an outstanding 32-10-1 record. In- 
cluded in this mark was a big victory 
over the University of Tennessee at 
Chattanooga — a first for a women's 
team at Bryan. The girls also suc- 
cessfully defended their SCAC 
championship in Dayton in late Oc- 
tober and finished second in both 
the Milligan and Covenant Invita- 
tional tournaments. 

The Lionettes were coached by 
Deborah Whitlow, the new wom- 
en's physical education teacher and 
coach, and Don Hewlett, senior 
from Birmingham, Ala. The vol- 
leyball team's record over the last 
two seasons is 52-14-1. 


The cross-country team con- 
cluded its regular season with a 
3-5 dual record, which reflects the 
blow to the team effort when All- 
American Eric Clarke, Miami 
Springs, Fla., injured a leg during 

the second week of the season and 
was out the rest of the year. . 

Mike Wood, Jacksonville, Fla., 
took over as top runner on the squad 
and set a course record in a meet 
against Tennessee Temple in Chat- 
tanooga in addition to taking first 
place in the Carson-Newman Invi- 
tational and fourth place in the 
N.A.I. A. District 24 meet also at 

The highlights of the season were 
a third-place finish out of six teams 
in the annual Bryan Invitational dur- 
ing homecoming, a second-place 
finish in the SCAC, and fourth place 
in the N.A.I. A. District 24 meet. 







Johnson Bible 




Grace Tournament 


Grace Tournament 



•Delta State 




Emory and Henry 





•Tenn. Wesleyan 














•Emory and Henry 


•Johnson Bible 



•Tenn. Temple 


Tenn. Wesleyan 


Tenn. Temple 













SCAC Tournament 



SCAC Tournament 



NCCAA Tournament 
•Home Games 


SCHEDULE 1977-78 





•Georgia Tech 


Tenn. Wesleyan 


Roane State 



•Bryan Holiday Classic 





•Tenn. Wesleyan 


Univ. of Ala./Huntsville 




Georgia Tech 








•Johnson Bible College 



•Tenn. Temple 


Johnson Bible 


Tenn. Temple 












SCAC Semi-Final Playoffs 


SCAC Championship Game 



TCWSF State Tournament 
•Home Games 




Mrs. Mary Lee Kenyon 

Ixepresenting many friends who contribute to 
Bryan's special scholarship funds, Mrs. Mary Lee 
Kenyon, of Miami, Fla., likes to visit Bryan. She is 
interested in meeting the students and in having fellovi'- 
ship with alumni, many of whom are schoolteachers 
like herself. Because of her interest in Bryan, she was 
made an honorary alumna in 1971. 

Although Miami has been home for Mrs. Kenyon 
ever since she was married to David Kenyon, who 
worked as an advertising manager for the Miami News, 
she continues to return to her hometown of Chat- 
tanooga in the summer. She has attended most of the 
Bryan summer Bible conferences held annually since 

It was Mrs. Kenyon's sister. Miss Julia Nichols, who 
first became acquainted with Bryan College over thirty 
years ago. She encouraged Clyde Simmons to attend 
Bryan in 1942 and became interested in providing 
scholarship aid for him and several other students 
through the years. After completing his degree at Bryan 
in 1949 following an interruption for military service, 
Clyde began a teaching career under Miss Nichols while 
she was principal at the G. Russell Brown Elementary 
School in Chattanooga. Miss Nichols died in 1963 after 
giving more than forty years to the teaching profession, 
including her service as principal in three Chattanooga 
schools. She would have been gratified to know that 
Clyde Simmons completed not only the master's degree 
but also the doctor of education degree and is now 
serving as principal of the Oak Grove School in Chat- 

Following Miss Nichols's death, Mrs. Kenyon 
contributed to Bryan for a memorial in her sister's 
honor. This memorial was identified by naming the 
lounge in the Huston Hall dormitory for women as the 
Julia Nichols Lounge, where her picture continues to 
grace the room. 

Mrs. Kenyon began her own career as a teacher also 
in Chattanooga and then taught for a few years in 
Knoxville until she was married and moved to Miami. 
She completed her bachelor's degree at the University 
of Miami and returned to Tennessee for her master's 
degree at George Peabody College. While her husband 
worked for the Miami News, Mrs. Kenyon taught to 
accrue a total of thirty-five years in the teaching profes- 

sion before she retired recently. She continues to make 
her winter home in Miami; but since her husband's 
death over twenty years ago, she has returned to Chat- 
tanooga each summer. 

'T look back on those years of teaching as being my 
most happy years," Mrs. Kenyon stated. "They were 
very satisfying and enjoyable to me. Very often I meet 
former students, and it gives me great pleasure to see 
their development and to know how they have turned 
out to be outstanding in their Hne of work." 

Mrs. Kenyon is active in Miami as a Sunday school 
teacher in the adult department of the United Methodist 
Church and in the Woman's Club and Garden Club of 
Miami. She belongs to the Retired Teachers' Associa- 
tion, having been an active participant in the National 
Education Association, as well as in the state and local 
organizations. She is also an enthusiastic traveler, who 
took numerous trips in the United States with her sister. 
More recently she has taken two tours around the world, 
besides several trips to Europe; and nearly every winter 
she takes a Caribbean cruise. This past summer she 
joined the Bryan tour group to the Holy Land and 
Europe with Dr. Bartlett and Dr. Mercer. 

' Tt was my sister' s interest in Bryan that first brought 
me to visit the college and become acquainted with 
some of the professors and students, and I knew that my 
sister would be pleased that a memorial for her be made 
to help other students. I have seen so many of the 
alumni become useful citizens and faithful Christian 
workers that I realize more and more what a fine Chris- 
tian college Bryan is. Now I consider it a privilege and a 
joy to continue to help provide scholarship support 
because I know that everything I give to Bryan is put to 
good use. I have come to know several of the adminis- 
trators personally, and I have confidence in them and 
reahze that all the faculty and staff are working together 
for the welfare of the young people." 

Anyone who is interested in making scholarship con- 
tributions or establishing loan funds to assist worthy 
students may write to: 

Dr. John Bartlett 
Vice President 
Bryan College 
Dayton, TN 37321 

WINTER 1977 


1-7- ^ti 

5 .^^ 




_*b #1 

• *^ 








Retiring editor of Christianity Today 

Author of The Battle for the Bible 




Author and dean of the Institute of Pastoral Studies 

of the Christian Counseling and Educational 

Foundation, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

together with 



Professor of Bible, Bryan College 

Author of Inductive Bible Study and 

fifty study guides covering the entire Bible 



Tuesday Supper through Friday Breakfast, 
May 9-12, 1978 

This conference is intended to be a tangible "thank you" for 
pastors and churches which have shown themselves friends of the 
college and to provide an opportunity for other interested pastors to 
become acquainted with Bryan. The only expense to participants will 
be the cost of transportation. 

The program is being planned to provide experiences of inspiration 
and learning in areas important to the pastoral ministry. A variety of 
techniques will be used in these activities — general sessions, sem- 
inars, discussion groups, and times of informal fellowship. 

* Housing in air-conditioned modern dormitories 
First-class food service 
* Special program for wives 

Program schedule available in February 
Inquiries invited 


Bryan College .^^~TV,< 

Dayton, TN 37321 



'•*"e'^****|!«»M^J!l|''-; ■ 









Editorial Office: William Jen- 
nings Bryan College, Dayton, 
Tennessee 37321, (615) 775- 

Editor-in-Chief: Theodore C. 

Consulting Editors: John 
Bartlett, Rebecca Peck, Charles 

Copy Editors: Alice Mercer and 
Rebecca Peck 

Circulation Manager: Shirley 

BRYAN LIFE is published four 
times annually by William Jen- 
nings Bryan College, Dayton, 
Tennessee. Second class post- 
age paid at Dayton, Tennessee, 
and additional mailing offices. 

Copyright 1978 


William Jennings Bryan College 

Dayton, Tennessee 

POSTMASTERS: Send form 3579 to 
Bryan College, Dayton, TN 37321. 


Senior education major and 
student-teacher Dorothy John- 
son of Athens, Tenn., checks a 
microscope in the biology lab 
with her high-school critic 
teacher, Phil Ashworth '66, and 
her Bryan education professor. 
Dr. Paul Biggers, observing in 
the background. 

Photo by Cunnyngham Studio. 

Volume 3 

SPRING 1978 

Number 3 


Bryan administrator and teacher, who is also chairman of the local 
county school board, takes a look at one aspect of college and 
community relationships. By Dr. May me Sheddan Bedford. 

AFRICA— AN EMERGING CONTINENT: A mission representa- 
tive describes an Africa in ferment, which makes it a fruitful field 
for the gospel. By William T. Harding IIL 

THE PARENTS GOD DESIRES: A psychology professor writes 
perceptively about the responsibilities and resources of parents, 
with a background study of Jesus' parents. By Robert E. Larze- 



author focuses on contemporary legal developments which have 
the effect of violating government's supposed neutrality in religion 
and fostering a secular humanism which is fast becoming an estab- 
lishment of religion in itself. By John C. Stophel. 

WHAT IF OUR BABY DIES? Fac€d suddenly with the stark possi- 
bility of the death of a second child, a professor and his wife find 
prevailing prayer, in a community of praying friends, their only 
recourse. By Malcolm I. Fary. 

CAMPUS REVIEW: A cross section of news and events about the 
college community. 

LIVING MEMORIALS: An investment opportunity which be- 
comes a continuing memorial. 






If one word were chosen as a 
theme for this issue, perhaps "rela- 
tionships" would be that word. Mr. 
Fary's article focuses on those most 
personal relationships within the 
immediate family. Mr. Larzelere 
develops parental relationships in 
another dimension, with an imaginative touch in dealing with Jesus' par- 
ents and some practical directions for contemporary parents. 

Mr. Stophel' s article deals with relationships to government, especially 
in respect to religious freedom; and Mr. Harding's report on Africa today 
pinpoints the Christian's worldwide relationship in the body of Christ and 
his responsibility to carry the gospel everywhere. 

The cover picture and Dr. Bedford's column deal with college- 
community relationship, the soil in which the college grows. 

All of these exemplify John Donne's oft-quoted observafion on life: "No 
man is an island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of the continent, apart 
of the main. ..." 

Theodore C. Mercer 



Mayme Sheddan 
Bedford is a prod- 
uct of the public 
sctiools of Rfiea 
County and three 
Tennessee higher 
educational Insti- 
tutions — Bryan (B.S, '65), the Univer- 
sity of Chattanooga (M.Ed. '68), and the 
University of Tennessee at Knoxville 
(Ed.D. '76). This background, including 
the fact that she has been a member of 
the Rhea County school board since 
1972. peculiarly fits her to evaluate the 
college-community relationship re- 
flected in the Bryan student-teaching 
program in the area's public schools. 

A he Bryan College student- 
teaching program, through contrac- 
tual agreements with the Rhea 
County Department of Education, 
the Dayton City School, and other 
school systems in surrounding 
counties, has been one of the most 
vital connections between Bryan 
College and the community-at-large 
for many years now. This coopera- 
tive program has lasted because 
both the college and the community 
need the program. 

COMMLNiTY Cooperation 

Cooperation of the school sys- 
tems was a key element in the estab- 
lishment of a teacher-education 
program at Bryan in the fifties, and 
that same spirit of cooperation has 
continued regardless of changes in 
superintendents and boards of edu- 
cation. The student-teaching ex- 
perience under the supervision of a 
professional teacher has enabled 
Bryan College to recommend 
teacher certification for its students 
and has made it possible for them to 
begin their careers in education at 
various places throughout the 
United States and in mission 
schools outside the United States. 

When there was a shortage of 
qualified teachers in Rhea County 
and surrounding areas. Bryan Col- 
lege, through the teacher-education 
program and the cooperation of the 
school systems, supplied the needs 
of the schools with certified person- 
nel. Even today when there is no 
longer a shortage, eighty alumni of 
the college are employed as 

A Two-Way Street 

by Mayme Sheddan Bedford 

teachers in the school systems of 
the county. 

The student-teaching program 
also allows the school to have 
another person in the classroom to 
assist the teacher with the activities, 
and in the interaction with the stu- 
dent teacher, the professional 
teacher grows personally in the 
acceptance of responsibility to as- 
sist young educators in their profes- 
sional growth. 

Community Enrichment 

The life of the community has 
been enriched through the talents of 
college students who have been at- 
tracted to Bryan because of the 
teacher-education program. These 
students from many parts of the 
world have contributed through 
their active participation in 
churches and through employment 
in the various industries in the area. 
Since Bryan is an accredited col- 
lege, the teacher-education pro- 
gram is especially attractive to 
graduates of Bible colleges and 
other Christian colleges that do not 
have such programs. Many 
graduates of the college have 
purchased homes and settled in the 
local area, where they have as- 
sumed the responsibilities of being 
good citizens. 

Community Values 

As a native of Rhea County and in 
my role as the present chairman of 
the Rhea County School Board with 
five years of service on the board. I 
want to express my viewpoint on 
the relationship of Bryan College 
and the community as it exists 
through the cooperative student- 
teaching program. The comments 
that follow will reflect some of the 
values and attitudes that I believe 
the community and/or school per- 
sonnel hold. 


A relationship needs to be mutu- 
ally beneficial if it is to last; perhaps 
this is true in all contractual agree- 
ments, but it is especially true in 
East Tennessee, where there is a 

long history of "'trading" and "get- 
ting our money's worth." It is my 
belief that the community has re- 
ceived fair value in the student- 
teaching agreement because of the 
contribution that hundreds of young 
student teachers have made to the 
lives of boys and girls in the Rhea 
County elementary and secondary 
schools. Additionally, the eighty 
Bryan College alumni who are 
employed in the county and city 
school systems as professional 
teachers are appreciated for their 
contribution to the quality of educa- 
Uon offered in this county. These 
eighty teachers represent approxi- 
mately forty percent of the total 
number of teachers in the county 
and city systems. Because of the 
desire for a balanced mix of 
teachers from a variety of colleges, 
there is some feeling within the 
Rhea County School Board that this 
is a high percentage of teachers 
from one college; it is recognized, 
however, that many of the teachers 
who received their education at 
Bryan have received master's de- 
grees or have taken additional 
courses at other institutions, and 
this is seen as a favorable develop- 


A special area in which we want 
"our money's worth" is in the kind 
of treatment our children receive. 
We want our children treated right, 
and we want teachers to "love and 
understand our children." We want 
them to understand the heritage of 
our children and to appreciate the 
culture of this part of the country, 
and we want the teachers to show 
love in a number of ways. Among 
the more important ways for 
teachers to show love are the fol- 
lowing: 1) adequacy in preparation 
of subject matter, 2) careful atten- 
tion to varied and interesting 
methods of teaching the subject, 3) 
firmness and fairness in dealing with 
our children in all phases of the 
teaching-learning process, and 4) 

(Continued on page 5) 

SPRING 1978 



An Emerging Continent 

by William T. Harding III 

AFRICA — how does one grapple with a continent 
three times the size of the United States of America, 
with a population of 350 million, divided into over 50 
independent sovereign nations? Forty-three of these 
nations came into independency during the 1960's, 
known as the decade of national birth across Africa. 

When I picture this mighty continent, I see it shaped 
somewhat like a huge, chunky question mark. And in a 
very real sense it is the questioning continent, a conti- 
nent asking boldly, "Which way for us in the future?" 

I see today's Africa from several dimensions: 

1. An awakening continent. Like a giant lying dor- 
mant and sleepy for centuries, the continent is begin- 
ning to arouse itself, to stir with a conscious awareness 
of its place in the world of nations. It is flexing its 
muscles and shouting from every corner, "We are here. 
You had better recognize us. We're to be reckoned 

2. A searching continent. The late Byang Kato, one of 
Africa's most articulate evangelical spokesmen, said, 
"The primary thing in Africa today is a search for 
identity. The African has been exploited and oppressed 
over the years, and he is asking to be accepted as a 
first-class human being. He is saying, 'We are some- 
body. We count." 

3. A seething continent. There is a seething in the 
political arena of its many nations. There is the constant 
threat of new political ideologies producing revolution. 
Ethiopia is an example of a radical change to a leftist- 
oriented government in the past few years. There is 
much emphasis on "African Socialism" because Afri- 
can capitalism has become a real curse in the continent 
by continuing to widen the gap between the "haves" 
and the "have-nots." There is interest in Mao and 
Lenin. Many Africans go to communist countries for 
continuing education. 

Religiously, there is a turbulent scene as well. Islam 
is exerting an increased influence from the north, sup- 
ported by the petro dollar. Lay evangelists are being 
trained in Cairo, Egypt, as propagators of the Islamic 
faith throughout the continent. The World Council of 
Churches is active on the scene, seeking to control the 
ministries of religious affairs in many nations and offer- 
ing attractive scholarships to bright African students to 
train in liberal seminaries and universities. The growth 
of local independent religious sects, along with the 
surge of cult groups from all over the world, makes for 
constant flux in the religious scene. 

4. A sensitive continent. Africa's nations are particu- 
larly sensitive to any dominant presence of a foreign 

group. Anything that smacks of a colonialistic or pater- 
nalistic attitude is not long tolerated. The day of the 
"Big White Father" is gone forever. Africa is culturally 
sensitive. The issue of cultural revolution is very much 
alive. There is a strong movement that Africans should 
be authentic and go back to the roots of their existence 
and find the connection with their ancestors. This in- 
volves secret oaths, demon fetishes, and the pouring of 
libations to ancestors in many places. This surge of 
cultural authenticity is creating very real pressures for 
Christians who have convictions about such practices. 
Many have suffered and died for their faith, as we have 
seen in the Chad, some being buried alive. 

5. A youthful continent. Sixty percent of Africa's 
population is 25 years of age and under. The student 
world is bulging. The students are bright, inquiring 
young people. Beautiful, spacious universities are 
emerging everywhere. j 

6. A continent of swinging doors. I like this concept. 
Some doors have swung closed to the presence of mis- 
sionaries as we have seen in Libya, Somalia, and 
Mauritania; but many are swinging with a great open- 
ness. Doors once open are now closed, and doors once 
closed are now open. God controls the swinging doors. 
This fact should override the closed-door syndrome, 
which seems to be so infectious today. The door of 
Ethiopia closed when Italy invaded the land in 1935 , but 
the doors swung wide open again when Emperor Haile 
Selassie returned to his throne from exile in 1942 and 
issued an invitation for missionaries to return. A similar 
experience occurred in the Sudan when missionaries 
were expelled in 1963. For ten years the door was 
closed. Now the door is open again with significant 
opportunities. Nigeria, during her civil war period, is 
another example. Could the door of Somalia, now 
closed, soon be open again with a recent change in 
attitude toward the West? 

7. A responsive continent. The Christian growth in 
Africa, not in all parts, has been phenomenal. In many 
areas the Christian population is doubling every four or 
five years. Some growth figures are exaggerated, but 
there is no doubt that it is harvest time in Africa. In the 
Sudan Interior Mission field of West Africa, nearly 
1,400 congregations have come into being as the 
Evangelical Church of West Africa. They are them- 
selves supporting 1 27 missionary couples to other tribes 
and cultures. The 2,300 congregations of Ethiopia are 
formed into the Word of Life Churches with unprec- 
edented evangelical outreach. In the last four months of 
1976, over 20,000 turned to Christ through churches 



Darwin Neddo "54. Bryan alumnus and missionary to France 
under Greater Europe Mission, is shown talking with students 
at his display, which was one of 25 exhibits at the missions 


The conference on missions opening the second 
semester attracted 48 missionaries representing 25 
mission agencies. Thirteen of the missionaries are 
parents of current Bryan students. The three-day con- 
ference featured 16 workshops, 24 "Meet-the- 
Missionan' ' sessions, and seven general sessions, 
besides informal times of fellowship around the mis- 
sionary exhibits. Five of the general sessions featured 
the five major continents from the perspective of mis- 
sions. Bill Harding' s presentation on Africa was 
selected for inclusion in this issue. 

mobilized into saturation evangelism outreach. It is a 
great day in Africa for personal, mass, and media 
evangelism. People will listen. 

8. \ continent of opportunity and need. In the midst 
of the unrest of social upheaval and political turbulence. 
along with rapid change affecting people's ties with the 
past, there is a fresh awareness and sensitivity to their 
need. There is a great openness. Even though mission- 
ary ministry is long-standing and much has been ac- 
complished, numerically there are more unreached 
people today than 85 years ago when SIM began. 

There are opportunities to be in partnership with the 
church, to serve in Bible schools. Christian education, 
evangelism, and other areas where the church is in short 
supply. New. unreached frontiers beckon us in the 
southern Sudan, among displaced Somalias in northern 
Kenya, to unevangelized tribes in Nigeria and Ghana. 
and with new thrust to the Moslem world in Africa. 
Governments are asking that Bible be taught in their 
school curriculum. Rural development programs call 
for committed people as agriculturalists, builders, en- 
gineers, and technicians. Many opportunities are there 
in media and medicine as well. 

The hurdles are tough and high, but it is not a day to 
slow our pace. God is asking us to have a courageous 
and daring faith and to be available and faithful to Him 
until the job is done. 

William T. Harding III is 
Sudan Interior Mission s 
campus representative in the 
U.S.A. He served for eleven 
years with SIM in Ethiopia, 
where he worked with the 
Youth Center in Addis Ababa 
and with the fast-growing 
Wallamo church in southern 
Ethiopia. He is a native of 
Charlotte, N.C., and was 
graduated from Columbia 
Bible College with a B.A. in 
Biblical Education. Before 
going to Africa, he served for 
three years in pastorates in 
Florida and South Carolina. 
He and Elaine have five chil- 
dren and make their home in 
Charlotte, N.C. 

Bill Harding 

The platform party shares with the audience in listening to 
special music by a brass ensemble at the missions conference in 
the Rudd Chapel. 

(Continued from page 3) 

opening up new vistas for our children. Many parents 
have expressed to me personally that teachers who 
have graduated from Bryan show a special concern for 
our children in and beyond the classroom. 
If a student teacher is recommended by the supervis- 
ing teacher for permanent employment as a teacher in 
the Rhea County School system, the superintendent of 
schools is interested in determining the prospects of 
that teacher's staying with the county for more than one 
year. "Don't learn on us and leave us after one year." 
The community is probably contributing more to the 
teacher than the teacher is to the community during the 
first year of teaching. .A full-time teacher responsible 
for an entire classroom learns a great deal during the 
first year of teaching, and the teacher is able to make a 
much more valuable contribution to the education of 
our children during the second year. 


Whether I look at the student-teaching program 
through the eyes of an administrator-educator at Bryan 
College or through the eyes of a school board chairman, 
it seems evident that Bryan College and the community 
need each other. The relationship is mutually benefi- 
cial, and for this reason it has had that lasting quality. 

SPRING 1978 


Robert E. Larzelere, assistant professor 
of psychology, has specialized in family 
studies at Penn State University, where he 
is a doctoral candidate. His article has 
special meaning for him and his wife, 
Rosalie, as their first child, a daughter, 
Lisa Michelle, was born on November 6, 



hat kind of parents did God 
select for His own Son? What con- 
siderations might have influenced 
the Father's selection of Jesus' 
childhood caretakers? The major 
glimpse of that parent-Child rela- 
tionship is found in Luke 2:41-51. 
Do we discover that Jesus had per- 
fect parents? 

Using your imagination with me, 
let's look at that story. We can pic- 
ture Joseph and Mary beginning 
their trip home from Jerusalem in 
the post-Passover rush-hour traffic. 
At some early point in the journey, 
they realized that Jesus had become 
separated from them. What should 
they do? Where might He be? They 
peered in each direction as the 
crowd moved them along. No sign 
of Him! Well, they certainly 
couldn't fight these crowds and go 
back fowar^i Jerusalem. Besides, He 
was probably somewhere near. And 
if they did locate Him back toward 
Jerusalem, they would find the traf- 
fic even worse. Better to go on. He 
was probably with his cousins or 
one of the other friends and rela- 
tives going toward Nazareth. After 
all, He was a very responsible boy 
for being just twelve. They asked a 
few people during the day if they 

by Robert E. Larzelere 

had seen Him — a twelve-year-old 
boy, five feet tall, dark hair, and 
wearing a dark red tunic. No one 
had seen Him. 

Only after a full day's travel did 
they begin searching for Him seri- 
ously. They went through all the 
inns located about a day's journey 
from Jerusalem. No, He wasn't 
with his uncle's family, nor had they 
seen Him. Mary and Joseph heard 
similar responses from all the 
friends and relatives they found. By 
this time they had exhausted all the 
likely possibilities. Still no one had 
seen Him. 

So they began the long trip back 
to Jerusalem. We might imagine 
how they felt. They may have been 
in a hurry to get back to Nazareth. 
Now they would lose at least 
another two days. But that was the 
least of their worries. Where could 
Jesus be? They may have felt like 
failures as parents! Could God for- 
give them for such negligence? 

They didn't let a single group of 
travelers pass by without asking 
whether anyone had seen Him. Still 
no clue. 

As soon as they got to Jerusalem 
that evening, they began revisiting 

their favorite shops in the city 
Surely Jesus would have been by 
some of them in the past two days 
But again, no one had seen Him 
After a restless night, they begar 
early in the morning to return to al 
the places Jesus knew about. They 
also looked where young boys o1 
His age played. 

How discouraged Mary anc 
Joseph must have been that nexi 
evening! After praying together 
about Him, Joseph had an idea, 
They agreed to go through the entire 
city systematically the next day 
searching for Him. They followed 
this new plan persistently, despite 
becoming more and more disheart-| 

Finally, in sheer desperation 
they went to the temple to pour oui 
their hearts to God, or perhaps tc 
offer a sacrifice for their sin of negli-| 
gence. And there He was! What re- 

What can we learn from this*; 
What kind of parents were Mary 
and Joseph? First, we find that the> 
had made a poor decision. They de- 
cided to travel on rather than to turn 
around immediately and look foi 
Him. Furthermore, they stuck with 



heir decision for an entire day, de- 
pite finding no sign of Him. Sec- 
mdly, they really didn't know their 
on. If they had really known Him, 
hey would have known where to 
3ok for Him. They would have 
nown what would interest Him. 
lisfirst words were, "Why is it that 
ou were looking for Me? Did you 
lOt know that I had to be in My 
■ather's house?" In other words. 
Why did you look all over for Me? 
)idn"t you know that I'd be here in 
he temple? Don't you know what 
iterests me?" 

No, Jesus' parents were not per- 
;ct. That realization is a comfort to 
le as a parent in these days, when 
arental decisions are often more 
ifficult and children are sometimes 
arder to understand. Max Lerner 
ays of American parents today. 
In no other culture has there been 
o pervasive a cultural anxiety 
bout the rearing of children. ' ' ' The 
lost widely used textbook in parent 
ducation concludes that parents 
aday have more responsibility for 
leir children but less influence, as a 
ssult of social changes during this 
entury. Rearing children to be like 
heir parents is no longer good 
nough: children are expected to 
ecome superior to their parents, 
'arents are judged by higher stan- 
ards today. The author E. E. 
-eMasters recalls that his grand- 
arents had one son that ran away 
rom home for 10 years at age 14. 
'^et no one called this grand- 
mother and grandfather bad par- 
nts. After all, their other 14 chil- 
ren all seemed to be reasonably 
ontented! The community simply 
;lt that some boys would be rest- 
:ss and run away regardless of how 
dequate their parents were. 
.eMasters also relates a similar 
urrent family situation, in which a 
hild-guidance clinic informed the 
arents that boys do not run away 
rom good parents. He notes that 
ontemporary parents are more 
kely to be judged by professionals, 
/hereas parents previously were 
valuated primarily by other par- 

Yet parents have less authority to 
arry out their additional responsi- 
bility. The mass media and the 
outh culture have especially cut 

into parental influence over chil- 
dren. Both of these social changes 
have resulted from technology and 
urbanization. Producers of movies 
and television and radio programs 
usually seem unconcerned about 
whether they support parental val- 
ues. They promote what sells, with 
little regard for whether that helps 
or hinders parents. The teenage 
subculture also has an influence on 
adolescents that many parents find 
difficult to deal with. 

There seems to be some indica- 
tion that child-rearing experts have 
imposed unrealistic recommenda- 
tions on parents. At least two major 
research studies reported difficulty 
in locating parents who were both 
high in parental love and highly 
permissive. One noted that most 
highly permissive parents appeared 
to neglect their children rather than 
to be motivated by concern for 
them. She concludes that authorita- 
tive parents, who combined a high 
level of parental love with a low 
level of permissiveness, generally 
had the most well-adjusted chil- 
dren.^ Dr. Spock has reportedly 
shifted his recommendations in the 
same direction, moving away from 
his earlier emphasis on permissive- 

LeMasters concludes that "par- 
ents have not really derived much 
help or encouragement from the be- 
havioral sciences. On the contrary 
. . . fathers and mothers have been 
left feeling more confused, more 
guilty, and more inadequate by the 
incomplete and often contradictory 
findings of the above disciplines."'' 

How different is our child-rearing 
Expert, whose yoke is easy and 
whose burden is light! Not minimiz- 
ing our responsibility as parents. He 
considers it a shared responsibility 
with our children. Just as we are not 
robots of our heavenly Father, 
neither are our children puppets 
moved only by parental puppet 
strings. And what resources He 
gives (and what a Resource He is!) 
to help parents with this responsibil- 
ity! But He does not expect perfect 
parental decisions or perfect paren- 
tal understanding. The parents of 
His own Son made imperfect judg- 
ments and understood their Boy 

But we should not focus on 
Joseph and Mary's parental 
shortcomings alone. Elsewhere in 
Scripture we discover that they 
both had to decide between the 
Lord's will and their relationship 
with each other. Mary was be- 
trothed when the angel appeared to 
her. She would have been unsure of 
Joseph's reaction to her pregnancy. 
But she chose the Lord's will re- 
gardless of the effect on their en- 
gagement. Joseph, when he learned 
of all this, determined to follow the 
Scripture in handling such a case, 
even though he personally loved 
Mary. He went ahead with the mar- 
riage plans only after He knew that 
that was the Lord's will. Both Mary 
and Joseph had their priorities 
right — commitment to the Lord first 
and then to their marriage and fam- 

Although our Lord is concerned 
about our parental decisions and 
how well we understand our chil- 
dren. His major interest is some- 
thing else. He longs for the proper 
place in our lives. And this is true 
during dating and courtship as well 
as in marriage and parenthood. 

God chose imperfect parents for 
His Son, but parents who would put 
Him first. 

Some of this article is based on a lecture by Mr. 

James M. Hatch of Columbia Bible College. 

' Max Lerner, America as Civilization (New York: 
Simon & Schuster, 1957). p. 562. 

- E. E. LeMasters. Parents in Modern America 
(Homewood, IL: Dorsey Press). 

' D. Baumrind, "Current Patterns of Parental Au- 
thority," Developmental Psychology Monograph, 
1971, Vol. 4 (L Part 2). G. Watson. "Some 
Personality Differences in Children Related to 
Strict or Permissive Parental Discipline, "Vour- 
nal of Psychology. 1957, Vol. 44. pp. 227-249. 

■* LeMasters, p. 33. 

Some helpful books for Christian 

Help, I'm a Parent, Bruce Narra- 

more, Zondervan Publishing 

House, 1972. 
How to Really Love Your Child, D. 

Ross Campbell, Victor Books, 

Dare to Discipline. James Dobson, 

Tyndaie House Publishers, 

Hide or Seek, James Dobson, Re- 

vell, 1974. 

JPRING 1978 


The Law ai 
Freedom: A 

John C. Stophel, an attorney, is managing partner of Tennessee's largest law firm — 
Stophel Caldwell and Heggie, of Chattanooga. Representative examples of Mr. Stophel's 
numerous civic and professional activities include serving as president of the Greater 
Chattanooga Chamber of Commerce; chairman of his city's 1977 United Fund drive, 
which exceeded its goal of $3,713,000; member of the Advisory Board of the Center for 
Law and Religious Freedom of the Christian Legal Society; director of Tennessee Inde- 
pendent Colleges Fund; and member of Bryan's National Advisory Council. One of Chat- 
tanooga's leading citizens, he is a deacon and an active member of the Brainerd Baptist 
Church and is well knownforhisChristian testimony. The accompanying article was given 
as an address at a Bryan alumni Christmas banquet in Chattanooga in December. 

As we read the beautiful Christmas story from the 
second chapter of Luke, wethinkof the baby Jesus in a 
manger, wrapped in swaddHng clothes. We consider the 
decree from Caesar Augustus that people be required to 
go to their ancestral homes for the census, which 
brought Joseph and Mary to Bethlehem at the time 
when Jesus was to be born. We know that this was in 
fulfillment of the prophecy in Micah 5:2 that the Mes- 
siah would be bom in Bethlehem of Judaea. 

But have you ever given any thought to the world 
situation in which Jesus was bom as compared to the 
world situation in which we live today as we celebrate 
Christmas almost 2,000 years later? 

Civil Authority — Rome 

Greece had united the civiUzations of Asia, Europe, 
and Africa and established one universal language. 
Then Rome made one empire of the whole known 
world, and Roman roads made all parts of the known 
world accessible. Judaea at the time Christ was bom 
was under the civil jurisdiction of Rome, and all civil 
matters had to be handled under the laws approved by 
Rome. The people did not enjoy self-government as we 
enjoy it today. 

Religious Rulers — The Sanhedrin 

At the time Christ lived on earth, the recognized 
headship of the Jewish people was the Sanhedrin. It was 
composed of 70 members — mostly priests and Saddu- 
cean nobles, some Pharisees, scribes and elders (tribal 
or family heads), presided over by the High Priest. The 
supreme concern and delight of the Pharisees was to 

keep the law, including the traditions, in every exact 
detail. As Jesus mentioned from time to time, the 
Pharisees had lost sight of the purpose and intent of the 
law because of the voluminous detail of traditions and 
regulations. The Sadducees had relatively little influ- 
ence among the people, but they had considerable in- 
fluence with the Romans. They held to the written Law 
and rejected the traditions of the Pharisees. They de- 
nied the resurrection of the body. They did not believe 
in the existence of angels and spirits. 

It was a well-known fact that both the Pharisees and 
the Sadducees maintained an inward and secret con- 
tempt for their Roman rulers. Also it is a sad fact of life 
that neither the civil authorities nor the religious au- 
thorities were concerned about the people, the masses. 
The average man on the street and in the synagogue had 
no voice in his government, civil or religious. Those in 
authority spoke down to him, and he listened. 

World Situation Today 

It is interesting to take a look at the world situation 
today in contrast with the situation at the time of Jesus' 
birth on earth. In the first place, the nation of Israel now 
owns and controls the land where Jesus was born and 
lived on earth. When Israel became a state on May 14, 
1948, the entire political situation in that part of the 
world was changed. The people now have a voice in 
government. They elect their leaders. Their representa- 
tives make the laws. Although the Dome of the Rock, a 
Moslem place of worship, sits on the site of the Great 
Temple in Jerusalem, the Jewish people are free to 




by John C. Stophel 

worship in their synagogues or not to worship, as they 
choose. Unfortunately, recent surveys have shown that 
a relatively small percentage of the people have any 
faith in God and only a small percentage regularly wor- 
ship God in any way. But they have freedom of wor- 

The known world has greatly expanded. We now 
know the facts not only about all the peoples of the 
planet Earth on which we live, but much also about 
other planets in the universe. 

Our store of knowledge surpasses by far that of any 
prior generation. At least our knowledge of facts is 
greater; there is some question about our ability to cope 
with life. 

Situation in the United States of America 

We have looked at the world at the time of Christ and 
at the present time, and we have looked at the land 
where Jesus lived on earth in Bible times as compared 
with today. Now, let's consider the situation in the 
United States, where you and I live. 

Civil Law 

In our representative form of government, we have 
rights which the people living in Judaea in the days of 
Jesus did not have. We have the right to elect our local, 
state, and national representatives who enact the laws 
under which we live . Unfortunately , not all our citizens 
recognize the importance of these rights. Many of our 
rights as citizens are being taken away because of our 
neglect. A small, vocal minority is influencing many of 

the laws and the administration of the laws in our coun- 
try. Although only a very small portion of the working 
people in our country belong to labor unions, the heads 
of the national labor unions exercise a very great power, 
much of which is not used wisely in bringing about laws 
and regulations, not to mention enforcement of laws. 
Some of the women who speak for so-called women's 
rights are having great influence, although they do not 
speak for a majority of the women in our country. 
Minority groups of one type and another are speaking 
out and being heard, the influence exercised being far 
beyond that which ought to be accorded to any minority 
group. But we who are in the majority also have our 
rights — if we will exercise them. 

Freedom of Religion 

The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution pro- 
vides as follows: 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establish- 
ment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise 
thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the 
press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, 
and to petition the government for a redress of griev- 

The Supreme Court later held that the Fourteenth 
Amendment has the effect of applying the First 
Amendment to laws made by any other governmental 
body as well as Congress; so at present no governmen- 
tal institution has the right to make any laws respecting 
an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exer- 
cise of religion. 

Exercising Religious Rights Under Civil Law 

To some extent, there is a natural point of conflict 
between the religious law and the civil law. It was true 
in Jesus' day. You will recall that the Sanhedrin wanted 
to put Jesus to death, but He had to be taken before the 
Roman civil authority in order to be put to death legally. 
Today, we have freedom of worship, but the rules and 
regulations under which our churches and Christian 
schools must operate are set by the civil authority. One 
of the greatest tools being used by the government 
today in regulating the exercise of religion involves 
tax-exempt status and the control of the deductibility of 
charitable contributions for U.S. income tax purposes. 
The freedom of religion is being hampered also by at- 
tempts to stop the Christian school movement by re- 
quiring children to go to public elementary schools. 

Examples of Government Interference 
in the Exercise of Religion 

You may be interested in a few examples of gov- 
ernmental interference in the exercise of religion 
today — in our country. 

1. Bruce Johnson vs. Huntington Beach Union High 
School District. In Huntington Beach, California, a 
group of high-school students requested permission to 
have a voluntary student Bible-study club to meet and 
conduct its activities on the public high-school campus 
during the regular school days. The students asked to be 
recognized as an official club, asked for the right to use 

SPRING 1978 


school classrooms and other space during the school 
day for club meetings as did other clubs , the right to use 
bulletin boards and similar facilities for the posting of 
club activities, and to have access to the school news- 
paper for publication of club events. The request from 
the students was denied by the principal, by the school 
board, by the Superior Court, and finally by the Court 
of Appeals of California. 

In this case the lawyers for the students wanting to 
form the Bible club cited many quotations from opin- 
ions of the U.S. Supreme Court which indicate that 
government should be neutral toward religion and not 
opposed to it. In many parts of the United States today 
decisions are being made similar to the one made at 
Huntington Beach High School in California. A petition 
was filed before the Supreme Court of the United States 
for the October term of 1977, but the court denied the 
pefition for writ of certiorari. 

2. State of Ohio vs. Rev. Levi Whisner, et al. In the 
case of Rev. Levi Whisner in the state of Ohio, the 
defendants were parents of school children who were 
being sent to a private Christian school. They were 
charged with sending their children to a school not 
approved by the state of Ohio. State approval required 
compliance with certain "minimum standards." Each 
of the defendants had convictions that a school comply- 
ing with the humanistic "minimum standards" would 
be Christian in name only. There was no question about 
the academic achievement of the Christian school: for 
example, S.A.T. (Scholastic Aptitude Test) scores 
were significantly higher than for peers in public 
schools. The school's position: Compliance with 
"minimum standards" violates religious convictions 
upon which the school was founded. Question: God 
control or state control? Prosecutor's position: Free- 
dom to believe religiously is absolute, but the freedom to 
act is not — the state can tell a person how he must act in 
carrying out his religious beliefs. Decision: On July 28, 
1976, the Supreme Court of Ohio ruled unanimously in 
favor of the defendants, saying, "We must conclude 
that the compendium of 'minimum standards' promul- 
gated by the State Board of Education, taken as a 
whole, unduly burdens the free exercise of religion." 
But you will be interested to know that the trial court 
and the court of appeals both ruled for the state. Only 
the Supreme Court of Ohio ruled for the defendants. 


Internal Revenue Service, the Veterans Administra- 
tion, and the Department of Health, Education, and 
Welfare have taken a very strong position that for a 
Christian school to open its doors to those who qualify 
under its standards is not sufficient. These agencies 
take the position that the number of minority faculty 
members and students in the school must conform to 
the percentages living in the area served by the school. 
Enforcement of this position has been spotty to date, 
but if the enforcement of these rules and regulations on 
the schools to which they are applicable is successful, 
no one knows where the government will go from there. 

If you think I am overstating the case, then you 
should read an article entitled "Religion in the Class- 

room" by James Kilpatrick, which appeared in the 
Chattanooga Times on December 2, 1977. Mr. Kilpat- 
rick discusses a provocative essay just published by the 
Institute for Humane Studies. William B. Ball, a con- 
stitutional lawyer practicing in Harrisburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, wrote the essay, dealing with four constitutional 
aspects of religion in America today. He is concerned 
with compulsory attendance laws, with state control of 
private schools, with certain application of tax funds, 
and with rights of conscience in public education. Mr. 
Ball poses an interesting proposition. He wonders 
whether the education establishment — the mystic 
amalgam of educationists, school administrators, fed- 
eral bureaucrats, and textbook publishers — has im- 
posed upon the classrooms a body of thought that is 
constitutionally indistinguishable from an "establish- 
ment of religion." 

Mr. Ball, quoted by Mr. Kilpatrick, states that he 
believes that it is possible, "not only theoretically, but 
practically, to offer proof of the establishment of secu- 
lar humanism in given public schools," and he per- 
ceives, "the problem of rights of conscience in the 
public schools as being broader than the scope of secu- 
lar humanism. There are many practices in public 
schools that are offensive, not because they are identi- 
fiable as part of a secular humanist program, but be- 
cause they directly offend beliefs and attitudes of given 
children and parents." 

The secular humanism approach of the public schools 
in some parts of the country is directly opposed to the 
religious beliefs you and I share. To give an example, 
we are reaching the point where the true meaning of 
Christmas is being barred from many public schools, 
and only secular songs with no mention of Jesus Christ 
may be mentioned at Christmas. 


We could give many other illustrations of problems 
facing Christians in our country. But at this Christmas 
season it seems appropriate to conclude with the illus- 
tration about the current newspaper articles regarding 
the religious significance of Christmas being removed 
from the public school classrooms. This is a substantial 
move toward doing away with the belief in God, which 
our forefathers accepted in the estabhshment of our 
great country. 

We rejoice at this Christmas season. It is a time of 
appreciation of the birth of Jesus Christ and the fact that 
we can celebrate it almost 2,000 years after the fact. 
Christmas is a time of great happiness, but it is also a 
time for us to think of the great country in which we 
live — of the freedoms we enjoy — and a time to be alert 
that we do our part so that we can continue to enjoy 
those freedoms and have our children enjoy those free- 
doms in the years to come. 

It is our desire, our hope, our belief that if we are alert 
and if we do our part — and if Jesus delays his second 
coming — our children and grandchildren will be able to 
continue to sing Christmas carols that tell with great joy 
of the birth of Jesus — in the schoolroom, wherever they 
choose. May God help us to do our part to preserve 
those freedoms! 



X he doctor reported that our 
baby, Daniel, had received "ail the 
antibiotics his body can handle." 
Then the doctor added, "What he 
needs now is prayer." Lucia and I 
were stunned. 

What does it mean? What is he 
really saying? Is this the "gradual" 
approach that was used the last time 
when our little Mickey, aged 4, died 
during a "minor" operation? 

These are some of the thoughts 
that rested in our minds for a mo- 
ment and then were pushed away by 
others equally frustrating. 

What if Daniel dies? How will our 
other children be affected? Will 
Karen become bitter because of our 
move? How will Tim react? How 
good are these doctors? What kind 
of man is this pediatrician, whom 
we have met only once? What are 
we doing hundreds of miles from 
home, specialists, resources, 

These are the shadows that 
obscured our vision in the early 
morning hours when a catastrophe 

As a family we had accepted the 
position at Bryan as the Lord's call 
and felt "prepared" for some of the 
anticipated adjustments. Karen in 
high school had been a real blessing. 
Timothy had accepted his new life, 
learning the "new language" as it 
was spoken by his first-grade as- 

Malcolm I. Fary moved with his family in 
August from New Jersey, where he was 
principal of Brookside School in Mend- 
ham Township, N.J. Assistant professor of 
education at Bryan, he holds the B.A. from 
Barrington College, the M.S. from East 
Stroudsburg State College, and is a doc- 
toral candidate at Rutgers University. 




by Malcolm I. Fary 

sociates. The church was a real joy. 
Everything was pleasant. Had we 
really responded to a call? 

Serious moments have such 
casual beginnings. In Daniel's case 
there was a sore eye, which the doc- 
tor suggested could be due to a piece 
of dirt or a scratch. Ophthalmic 
ointment was prescribed, and the 
afternoon continued. At dinner the 
eye was worse; we went back to the 
doctor. After consulting with 
another physician, we were sent off 
to speciahsts in the T. C. Thompson 
Children's Hospital in Chattanoo- 

In the early morning hours the 
diagnosis of orbital cellulitis was 
confirmed. The pediatrician indi- 
cated that our baby was gravely ill 
and there was a very real danger of 
spinal meningitis. 

Questions flooded our minds. 
Where did this infection come 
from? Would it have happened if we 
had remained in New Jersey? Am I 
a responsible father subjecting my 
family to — ? 

It is hard to think and pray when 
you are reacting to a small body 
taped to a mattress, to a small swol- 
len face looking at you with one 
trusting eye. 

In the next few hours Daniel's 
condition stabilized. We were very 
thankful, praising the Lord for both 
the antibiotics and a wonderful 
pediatrician. At this point we 
learned how wonderful things were. 
First our doctor pointed out that the 
medicine had not been the cause of 
our baby's stabilized condition! It 
seems that antibiotics, wonderful as 
they are, require time to become ef- 
fective. Daniel had not had the time 

necessary for the medicine to help; 
our Lord had answered prayer. 

The second wonder was that our 
doctor was a brother in Christ! 
What a joyous celebration of hearts 
as we together rejoiced in our 
Lord's provision! 

The crisis appeared to be past, 
but now followed two long weeks of 
twenty - four - hour - a - day parental 
supervision, required by hospital 
regulations, since Daniel could not 
be placed with other children. For- 
tunately, our Father provides all 
that is needed for our trials and also 
does not always allow us to know 
what really is ahead. 

Mother and father shared the 
nursing duties — mother by day, dad 
by night: days were alternated on 
weekends. Mother had breakfast 
with the family at home; Dad took 
care of early evening with school 
work, stories, etc. Our daughter did 
the cooking and mothering; my 
mother-in-law was with us and not 
well; we kept trying to complete one 
day at a time. 

Were we alone? No, not for a 
moment! The first few hours were 
lonely, but first our Lord provided 
one of His own as the physician and 
then the marvelous prayer support 
of the Bryan family — students, 
classes, faculty, and our church! 
Christians we did not know brought 
meals and gave guidance and sup- 
port for our children. The list here is 
partial, but the assistance was com- 

Some months earlier it was our 
conviction that Bryan was the place 
where our Lord would have us 
serve. At that time we were rather 
careful in examining the elements of 
such a decision. It was during this 
period that Jeremiah 29: 1 1 seemed 
to be significant for us. As I write 
this testimony, the next few verses 
are precious too! 

For I know the plans that I have 
for you, declares the Lord, plans for 
welfare and not for calamity, to give 
you a future and a hope. 

Then will you call upon Me and 
come and pray to Me, and I will 
listen to you. 

And you will seek Me and find Me , 
when you search for Me with all your 

Jeremiah 29:11-13 

SPRING 1978 






An annual award has been en- 
dowed by an anonymous donor in 
honor of Rev. Melvin M. Seguine, 
who is well known to many in the 
college constituency. 

Mr. Seguine, who is retired and 
living in Dayton, served for a year 
as pastor of the former Cumberland 
Presbyterian Church (now Grace 
Bible Church) of Dayton and con- 
tinues his fellowship as an elder in 
the same church. For over six years 
before coming to Dayton, Mr. 
Seguine and his wife, Frances, who 
died in January, 1976, were as- 
sociated with Appalachian Bible In- 
stitute in Bradley, W. Va. Prior to 
that he held pastorates of several 
Bible churches in Wisconsin, 
Michigan, Iowa, Ilhnois, and In- 
diana; and for three years he was 
editor of Voice, the official organ of 
the Independent Fundamental 
Churches of America (IFCA), with 
headquarters in Wheaton, 111. 

The Seguines' daughter, Virginia, 
graduated at Bryan in 1954 and 
served as head librarian at her Alma 
Mater from 1964 until 1976, when 
she became associated with the 
Campbell-Reese Evangelistic As- 
sociation of Willowdale, Ontario, 

The annual award of $500 will be 

given to "a graduating male student 
who has completed at least two 
years of his undergraduate studies 
at Bryan College and who plans, in 
the will of God, to continue in 
graduate studies that will culminate 
in missionary or pastoral service for 
the Lord. He shall be a person who 
has demonstrated a love for and 
commitment to the Bible as the 
Word of God and who has been 
visibly active in the spiritual ac- 
tivities of the Bryan College student 

Editor's Note: Any friends or admirers of 
Mr. Seguine who would lilie to contribute to 
tliis special endowment are invited to do so. If 
sufficient contributions are received, it may be 
possible to make two awards each year instead 
of one. 


Melvin M. Seguine 

John E. Steffner, president of 
Chattanooga Armature Works, 
Inc., was recently elected to serve 
on the Bryan board of trustees. 

Mr. Steffner attended Chat- 
tanooga public schools and trained 
in engineering at the University 
of Tennessee in Knoxville. He is 
an active member of St. Andrews 
United Methodist Church and Chat- 
tanooga District Board of Laity; he 
is past Holston Conference lay 
leader of the United Methodist 
Church. Other organizations which 
have gained his interest and support 
are the Christian Business Men's 
Committee, Big Brothers-Big Sis- 
ters of Chattanooga (president of 
board 1973-75), Board of Contact of 
Chattanooga (current president). 
Downtown Optimist Club (presi- 
dent 1975-76), Prayer Breakfast 
Armed Forces Week Celebration 
(co-chairman), and WMBW radio 
station (member of advisory board). 


Looking for Conference Grounds? 

The modern, comfortable facilities oc- 
cupying Bryan's beautiful 100-acre. 
wooded hilltop campus are available from 
June 1 to August 1 for retreats, confer- ■ 
ences, or other gatherings. Your group 
can enjoy our spacious chapel, air- 
conditioned dormitories, modern dining . 
room and cafeteria, gymnasium, tennis' 
courts, volleyball, hiking, and boating. 

Rates and further information sent on 
request. WRITE TO: 

Public Relations Department 

Bryan College 

Dayton, TN 37321 


Dr. Merlin Grieser, assistant pro- 
fessor of chemistry at Bryan, is 
shown with the new Corning 
Mega-Pare automatic all-glass still 
recently acquired by the division of 
natural sciences. The new ap- 
paratus delivers six liters of distilled 
liquid per hour and replaces its 
predecessor still which had served 
in the chemistry laboratory for more 
than thirty years. The still is used to 
produce distilled water for the 
chemistry and biology classes and 
for the offset press in the printing 

Dr. Merlin Grieser 


Bene Hammel, organist and con- 
cert artist of Chattanooga, Tenn., is 
special instructor in organ at Bryan 
this year. He comes to the campus 
twice each month to play at the 
chapel service and to give organ in- 
struction to advanced music stu- 
dents. A highlight of the first semes- 
ter was the Christmas organ concert 




Bene Hammel 

on December 9 before a large audi- 
ence of students, faculty, and area 

Mr. Hammel began his recital 
performance at the age of 16 and 
appeared in concert at Bryan Col- 
lege while still in high school. He 
was a student of the late Carl D. 
Scheibe and William Weaver and 
was graduated from the University 
of Chattanooga. A student of com- 
position, he has had a number of his 
choral works published. 

While serving as a consultant to 
the Baldwin Piano and Organ Com- 
pany of Cincinnati, Ohio, he was 
instrumental in enabling Bryan to 
secure its custom-made Baldwin 
Multi-waveform organ on a six 
months" delivery schedule. The 
multi-waveform is a new concept in 
organ building, a marriage of the 
traditional organ sound and console 
with contemporary advances in 
technology. Mr. Hammel person- 
ally supervised the installation at 
Bryan and demonstrated the or- 
gan's potential at the baccalaureate 
in May 1977. 

Mr. Hammel has performed on 
most of the best organs in the coun- 
try and has been heard in nearly 
every state in the U.S., as well as in 
Canada, with over 1 ,000 concerts to 
his credit. Among his most recent 
performances were those at St. Pat- 
rick's Cathedral and St. John the 
Divine Cathedral in New York City 
and the inaugural organ concert in 
Cincinnati's famous Music Hall in 
May 1975. 




The Bryan Student Senate, led by 
president David Spoede, launched a 
project netting $3,000 in donations 
by students, faculty, and friends to 
help Toccoa Falls Bible College in 
recovering from the devastating 
flood, which claimed 39 lives. The 
Bryan community felt a special in- 
terest in this sister Christian college 
because of personal relationships 
between many members of the two 
college communities and contacts in 
athletic competition. A number of 
Bryan students were attending a 
foreign missions conference at 
nearby Lake Louise when the disas- 
ter struck. 


Karin deRosset '64, 
dean of women at 
Bryan, received the 
Master of Arts degree 
in student personnel 
administration on De- 
deRosset cember 3 from Ten- 
nessee Technological University in 
Cookeville, Tenn. Miss deRosset 
has served on the personnel staff 
since her graduation from Bryan. 

Two Bryan staff members, who 
are also alumni, were married dur- 
ing the Christmas season to college 
classmates — Tom Varney '77, di- 
rector of Practical Christian In- 
volvement, to Vickey Hudson '77, 
elementary teacher of Dayton, 
Tenn.; Jeff Tubbs '75, assistant to 
athletic director, to Mary Morgan, 
of Hunts ville, Ala., a continuing 
student at Bryan. 


Echoes from Bryan Hill are heard 
weekly in eight eastern cities of 
Tennessee through radio stations 
which carry a 15-minute program of 
music and message as a public- 
service feature. The tapes of these 
programs are available for other sta- 
tions that may wish to use them, and 
a 5-minute program format re- 
quested by a number of stations is 
being developed to increase the 
ministry and advertising potential 
by radio. 


Luke Germann and Carlos Vega, 
two leading players on the Bryan 
soccer team that won the national 
championship for the third year in a 

row, recently were named to the 
National Christian College Athletic 
Association Ail-American team. 

It was the second year for Ger- 
mann, a senior elementary educa- 
tion majorfrom Nashville, Tenn., to 
be so honored; the first for Vega, a 
junior business administration 
major from Dayton. 

Earlier both Germann and Vega 
had been named to other all-star 
teams both on the district and re- 
gional level. 




Early in February four Bryan 
students and their history professor 
attended the Federal Seminar in 
Washington, where they had an op- 
portunity to observe government in 
action in the nation's capital and to 
develop an understanding of the re- 
lationship between politics and 
Christian ethics. 

Representatives from Bryan were 
Doug Blanton and Linda Helm, 
both senior history majors, Bob 
Grosser, a junior, and Carolyn 
Archer, a sophomore. The students 
were accompanied by Dr. Robert 
Spoede, associate professor of his- 
tory and social science, and Mrs. 
Spoede. The group also toured the 
White House and the Aero-Space 

The five-day seminar was spon- 
sored by the National Association 
of Evangelicals (NAE), which was 
organized in 1942 and now repre- 
sents thirty-five denominations in 
providing a means of "cooperation 
without compromise" among 
Bible-believing Christians. 


Don Pasquale, a three-act opera 
by Gaetano Donizetti, was pre- 
sented at Bryan by the Chattanooga 
Opera Association in February. 
This performance, a part of COA's 
caravan program bringing opera to 
area towns, followed a very suc- 
cessful performance a year ago of 
The Barber of Seville. 

SPRING 1978 


Use a 



to honor the memory of your loved one 
through the lives of worthy Christian students. 

WHY NOT MEMORIALIZE a loved one or friend with a Living Memorial Gift to Bryan 
College? An appropriate acknowledgment will be mailed promptly by the college to the 
bereaved family. The name of the person memorialized and the contributor will be entered in 
our Memorial Book. 


• Is an Investment In Life 

A satisfying way to honor a loved one or friend is to invest in a life yet to be lived. A 
Living Memorial Gift becomes a helping hand to students at Bryan who are preparing 
to serve Christ and others in their chosen vocation. 

• Is Private and Noncompetitive 

The family of the one whose memory you so honor will be notified without mention of 
the amount. 

• Is Tax-deductible 

Bryan will promptly acknowledge your gift, and you will enjoy the added advantage of 
a tax-deduction. 

• Is Designated According to Your Preference 

Worthy students with financial needs are assisted or educational facilities at Bryan are 
maintained and expanded as you direct. Your gift may be designated for student aid or 
operating fund. 

The attached form is for your convenience in making your Living Memorial gift to 
Bryan College. 


Please print all information 


Given by Mrs. 



Amount of Gift 
(will remain confldentlal) 

Street (Route or Box No.) 

Relationship to the deceased 




In memory of 


Send Memorial acknowledgment to: 




Street (Route or Box No.) 

Mail form with check to: 


Bryan College 
Dayton, TN 37321 







MAY 9-12, 1978 

Tuesday Supper through Friday Breakfast 




Retiring editor, Christianity Today 
Author of The Battle for the Bible 


The Battle for the Bible: 

The Bible and the Foundation for the Christian Faith 
The State of the Church 
The Christian Mind 
The Suicide of Man 


Forum — questions and answers 

The Local Pastor in the Battle for the Bible 

The Holy Spirit's Threefold Secret 


A dramatic coloratura soprano from 
Dallas, Texas 

Ministering through music the 
power and love of Jesus Christ 

Mrs. Jackson 

This conference is intended to be a tangible "thank 
you" to pastors and churches which have shown them- 
selves friends of the college and to provide an opportu- 
nity for other interested pastors to become acquainted 
with Bryan . The only expense to participants will be the 
cost of transportation. 

The program is being planned to provide experiences 
of inspiration and learning in areas important to the 
pastoral ministry. A variety of techniques will be used 
in these activities — general sessions, seminars, discus- 
sion groups, and informal fellowship. 

DR. JAY ADAMS ^^''"'' 

Author and dean of the Institute of Pastoral Studies 

of the Christian Counseling and Educational 

Foundation, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 


Biblical Counseling Today: 

Counseling and the Bible 
The Husband 


Counseling the Bereaved and Terminally 111 
Counseling the Divorced 
The Pastor's Home Life 
Persuasive Preaching 


Professor of Bible, Bryan College; 

prolific author of numerous books on the 

inductive method of Bible study 



^K -? 




Housing in air-conditioned modern dormitories 

• First-class food service 

Special program for wives 

Program schedule available on request 

Bryan College 
Dayton, TN 37321 

SPRING 1978 


JULY 1 5-22, 

• Adult Bible studies 


Bible teacher 

Dean of Education 

Univ. of Tennessee-Martin 

Martin, Tenn. 

• Children's classes and handcraft 

• Teenage emphasis on sports 

• Afternoon recreationr and sightseeing 

• Shopping in area outlets 

(Men's and women's wear) 

• Home-cooked food served 

• Air-conditioned dorms 

• Family fellowship 



Missionary speaker 

Overseas Missionary Fellowship 

Manila, PhDippines 


Children's speaker 

Pastor, Community Bible Church 

Montoursville, Pa. 



Conference musicians 
Sioux Cit> , Iowa 

For details write to: 


Bryan College 
Dayton, TN 37321 



- o 

L/)J U qJ ; c^ 

..>it!»*"Wtv. , v-. 


'pastoral COUNSELING'^ 


i M 




Editorial Office: William Jen- 
nings Bryan College, Dayton, 
Tennessee 37321, (615) 775- 

Editor-in-Chief: Theodore C. 

Consulting Editors: John 
Bartlett, Rebecca Peck, Charles 

Copy Editors: Alice Mercer and 
Rebecca Peck 

Circulation Manager: Shirley 

BRYAN LIFE is published four 
times annually by William Jen- 
nings Bryan College, Dayton, 
Tennessee. Second class post- 
age paid at Dayton, Tennessee, 
and additional mailing offices. 

Copyright 1978 


William Jennings Bryan College 

Dayton, Tennessee 

POSTMASTERS: Send form 3579 to 
Bryan College, Dayton, TN 37321. 


The Bryan Gospel Messengers 
superimposed above the Rudd 
Memorial Chapel for the cover 
photo is a Cunnyngham Studio 

Below, the Messengers are 
shown as they sang at com- 
mencement, left to right, Jerry 
Anderlik, Beth Reese, Darlene 
Ragland, and Ron Beck. See 
Campus Review for their sum- 
mer itinerary. 

Volume 3 

SUMMER 1978 

Number 4 

of the McKinney family Christian commitment, focusing on the hon- 
orary doctorate awarded to Dr. J. Wesley McKinney. 

WALKING THROUGH A NEW DOOR: The regrets and ac- 
complishments of a college career woven into a personal testimony. 
By James Wolfe. 

THE PASTOR AS A COUNSELOR: An appeal to the pastor, who has 
both the responsibility and the capability of offering spiritual counsel- 
ing, not to leave it to the secular psychiatrist or psychologist. By Dr. 
Jay Adams. 

THE SUICIDE OF MAN: A challenge to Christians to believe God 
and to act intelligently in facing society's hopelessness in the course 
of self-destruction. By Dr. Harold Lindsell. 

PASTORS' CONFERENCE SUMMARY: A review of the highly suc- 
cessful first pastors' conference, held on Bryan campus May 9-12. 11 

CAMPUS REVIEW: A potpourri of faculty and staff activities along 

with student news. 12 

CHRISTIANS IN GO'VERNMENT: A student's evaluation of his 
experience as a participant in the Federal Seminar at Washington, 
D.C. By Bob Grosser. 14 


This issue of Bryan Life features the 
1978 commencement, the forty-fifth, and the 
Bryan pastors' conference, a first. It was the 
first year in the past twenty-two that gradua- 
tion could not be held in the open under the 
trees on the triangle. A general rain in beau- 
tiful East Tennessee saw to it that both bac- 
calaureate and graduation were held indoors 
this year. Rudd Memorial Chapel, however, 
providing excellent facilities for every phase 
of commencement, made us grateful all over again for the friends who have 
made that functional and handsome facility possible. 

The pastors' conference, which came the week following commencement, 
exceeded all expectations. The messages in the general sessions were sub- 
stantive, the seminars stimulating and instructive, the music superb, and the 
fellowship — whether in the dining room, in the meeting rooms, and in the 
informal times — was heartwarming and edifying. A number of participants 
said it was the best conference of its kind they had ever attended. All of that 
certainly makes the planning for next year a challenge! 

Theodore C. Mercer 



Lewis Llewellyn '38, senior trustee, placed the hood on Dr. 
McKinney following the awarding of the honorary doctor of 
laws degree with Dr. John Bartlett observing. 

President Mercer presented the diploma and made the award 
to Dr. McKinney. 

Dr. McKinney acknowledged the honor. 

Members of the McKinney family shown left to right are Dr. 
and Mrs. J. Wesley McKinney, Mrs. Arthur McKinney, Ar- 
thur McKinney, Mrs. Marion McKinney, and Dr. Marion 

Doctorate Recognizes 
Family Invoivement 

1 he conferring of the honorary doctor of laws de- 
gree on Dr. J. Wesley McKinney, of Memphis. Tenn., 
at the graduation on May I symbolized the involvement 
of the McKinney family in the founding and develop- 
ment of Bryan College and the distinguished service of 
members of the McKinney clan to the wider Christian 

Dr. McKinney himself has served as a trustee of the 
college since 1951, eight years — 1969-77 — as chairman; 
his parents. Mr. and Mrs. J. W. McKinney . were among 
those eighty families and individuals entitled to be 
known as founders of Bryan College; and his mother, a 
well-known Bible teacher in Memphis, was an early 
trustee, serving till 1950. Mr. and Mrs. McKinney had 
five sons, all of whom distinguished themselves in their 
chosen vocations and were known for their Christian 

Dr. McKinney chose the profession of ophthalmol- 
ogy and became a well-known surgeon in that field. 
Another son, Marion, also chose medicine and served 
as a medical missionary to Honduras for 2 1 years . turn- 
ing over to the national workers in Siguatepeque a mod- 
ern hospital and thriving ministry when he and his fam- 
ily returned to the states in 1969. Dr. Marion McKinney 
now engages in the practice of medicine in Knoxville. A 
third son, Arthur, of Ocean Springs, Miss., recently 
retired from a successful business career in which 
Christian principles and the support of Christian enter- 
prises were always in the forefront. The other two sons, 
both deceased now, were ministers. 

In the area of Christian service. Dr. Wesley McKin- 
ney has been a Sunday school teacher for forty years, 
serves as an elder in the Second Presbyterian Church of 
Memphis, and is a member of the board of Mid-South 
Bible Institute of Memphis and of Reformed Theologi- 
cal Seminary in Jackson, Miss. He is chairman of the 
board of the Christian Fellowship of Visually Impaired. 

Behind all of these sons of such stalwart parents are 
the wives, who share the interests of their husbands and 
give them the kind of support without which they could 
not have succeeded. 

The symbolism of the awarding of this honorary de- 
gree also speaks of the importance of the involvement 
of individuals and families in Christian enterprises, of 
whatever kind they are. God has chosen to work 
through people, and Christian people in long-range 
working together can accomplish great things. As the 
Scripture says, one plants, another waters, and God 
gives the increase. 

SUMMER 1978 



i\.s I look back over the time I've spent here at Bryan 
College, it surprises me when I realize that my emotions 
are a mixture of both happiness and regret. I had always 
assumed that when I graduated from college I would be 
so overjoyed that I would feel no emotion other than 
elation. However, now that the time is here, I under- 
stand that there were many things I wish I would have 
done differently. 

My primary regret concerns people. Although we all 
had our own circle of friends, how often, if ever, did I 
make a distinct effort to get to know someone else more 
deeply? I, Hke everyone else, have those certain few 
that I really know well, but I am positive that I came 
nowhere near becoming really well acquainted with 
those even in the Hmited confines of my graduating 
class. In a goal-oriented society such as we live in, it is 
easy to get caught up in the flow of performance and 
leave so very little time for the development of personal 

Another regret concerns my practical day-to-day 
witness and ministry that might have been much more 
effective had I been more sensitive to the needs of 
others. The Practical Christian Involvement organiza- 
tion had many opportunities to offer, yet I took advan- 
tage of only a few. A positive outgrowth of this recogni- 
tion of failure, however, is that I have been challenged 
to endeavor to build personal relationships in the fu- 
ture. I can now see more clearly the value of getting to 
know people and their problems, so that I can aid them 


fhrough a New Door 

by Jim Wolfe 78 

James Wolfe was one of three seniors chosen 
through a written competition to speak at graduation in 
lieu of an outside speaker. A transfer student, he com- 
pleted his last two years at Bryan and earned his degree 
cum laude with a major in business administration. He 
wonthelVaZ/SfreefJouma/ Senior Business Award. He is 
already working in his hometown of Indianapolis for 
Indiana National Bank in its management training pro- 
gram. He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Wolfe and 
has two brothers and two sisters. Music is his hobby; 
piano accompaniment, his specialty. 

more sensitively and be more of a Christian help in the 
future when similar situations arise. In this way my 
experience here at Bryan has truly taught me the value 
of a practical Christian witness in my everyday life. 

Probably the regret that is the easiest for all of us to 
feel is leaving one another to go our separate ways. 
During the past years there were many individuals upon 
whom I could depend for strength and the warmth of an 
honest smile. When I realize that all too soon those very 
people whom I have grown to love will no longer be 
close by, it breaks my heart. This too I realize is part of 
my education. When I leave, it will be with the knowl- 
edge that I have known some of the most wonderful 
people I could call friends and with the hope that I have 
been worthy to be called the same. 

Along with these regrets, I also have the tremendous 
feeling of happiness upon graduation from college. 
Commencement — the very word itself connotes a he- 
ginning rather than an end. The expression "Today is 
the first day of the rest of your life" takes on new 
meaning now because this is the beginning of a life with 
boundless opportunities of service and contribution to 

Upon choosing Bryan College, a Christian liberal arts 
institution, I was beset by questions. Why a Christian 
school? Why a liberal arts education? Why not a less 
expensive education in a state institution that is closer 
to home? My answer was twofold to all of these. First, I 
truly believed that this was where the Lord wanted me 
to come to finish my college studies; and secondly, the 
educational purpose of Bryan College in the catalogue 
fulfilled my expectation of what a college education 
should be. The Bryan statements say that educationally 
the school's purpose is intended "to provide opportu- 
nity for students to gain a knowledge of the Bible and 

the arts and sciences and their relationships and to 
encourage students to think critically, to work indepen- 
dently, to communicate clearly, and to express them- 
selves creatively in their search for truth." 

Admittedly, there were many times when I felt that 
something was irrelevant to my desired course of study 
or that particular classes were somewhat too demand- 
ing. In retrospect, however, I can honestly say that 
none of the times I spent studying were fruitless hours 
or wasted moments in my learning experience. 

As a business major I have been asked many times 
why I chose a relatively obscure Christian liberal arts 
college instead of a leading school of business at a major 
university. Since completing my course of study here, I 
can see that developing communication skills and intel- 
lectual stimulation are a truly invaluable asset when 
setting out into the business world. In a few months, the 
graduate classes I shall begin will deal specifically with 
different aspects of business: but the communicative 
and thought-developing skills that I have worked to 
improve here will all be called on again. 

As I leave Bryan, I can see that this study of the 
liberal arts will be beneficial in any walk of life. Al- 
though I have chosen to begin my career immediately 
after I leave and further my studies in graduate school in 
the evenings, the education that we have received will 
be effective in full-time graduate studies both for secu- 
lar or seminary studies or as a basis for entrance in the 
working world for a productive contribution to life. 

As I look back on my education thus far, my relief, 
regret, and happiness merge into a feeling that I have 
not experienced previously. My failures in the past 
have become challenges for the future, and my former 
achievements have become only steppingstones for 
things yet to come. A Christian writer once said that 
when we graduate we do not "punch out" and spend 
the rest ofour lives in leisure, but ratherthat we "punch 
in" and we begin to contribute to society more fully 
because of the knowledge that we have attained and the 
things we have learned that we can share with a needy 
world. This does not limit itself to so-called full-time 
Christian workers but to all who live out the will of God 
in their own lives. My prayer and desire for myself and 
all the graduates is that, as we step out into the world, 
we may take full advantage of the situations in which we 
find ourselves to use what we already know and to learn 
what we still need to know. 

Commencement is not an ending. Rather, it is an 
achieved goal, a mixture of feelings, another beginning, 
and a new variable in our lives that creates a new door to 
walk through. 

SUMMER 1978 



by Dr. Jay Adams 

1 ou preachers have far more potential than most of 
you realize. You have the Scriptures, the Word of our 
living God. at your disposal for ministry and for bless- 
ing. Yet time and time again ministers who have God's 
power available turn aside, close their Bibles, put them 
into the desk drawer, and dish out Freud, Rogers, Skin- 
ner, Janov, Harris, Jung, and Adler to hungry, 
careworn sheep. That is a tragedy. I'm not talking about 
the liberal churches alone (we might expect that from 
them); but the tragedy is that in conservative churches, 
where the Bible is declared to be the inspired, inerrant, 
authoritative Word of God, this sort of thing has been 
taking place. 

I am here to encourage pastors and Christian workers 
who believe the Book to use it for the purpose for which 
it was given. God gave us this Book to be a blessing to 
persons who are in trouble, who have problems that will 
overwhelm them — apart from the Scriptures and the 
power of the Spirit. In this Book all things necessary for 
life and godliness may be found. In this Book every- 
thing that a pastor needs to minister to his flock is 
found. All that you need to counsel persons about how 
to love God with all their heart, mind, body, soul, and 
strength and to love their neighbors as themselves is 
here in this Book. Indeed it can be found nowhere else. 

Let me present a picture of the situation today to help 
you see in a new perspective and in a clearer light what 
you have in the Bible. 

A few years ago a psychiatrist decided to test the 
validity of the work that his fellow psychiatrists were 
doing. So he sent eight people into twelve of this na- 
tion's leading mental institutions with one purpose — to 
see if they could diagnose problems the way that they 
claimed. Now these eight people were as sane as you 
and I. They had no problems: but on admission, each 
told one lie, 'T hallucinated." About everything else 
they told the truth and acted normally: they avoided any 
special behavior. That was the only lie in the picture. 

Now a hallucination, of course, doesn't really tell us 
anything about the person's problem. When these 
people said they hallucinated, they said nothing about 
the cause. How many of them do you think were 
wrongly diagnosed as having serious mental illness? In 
all twelve institutions, these people were declared to be 
seriously mentally ill. In eleven of the twelve cases, 
they were declared to have schizophrenia, the most 
serious problem on the psychiatrist's list! In the other 
instance, one person was declared to be a manic de- 
pressive, another serious problem. That shows you 
how tragic the situation is in our country today — a one 
hundred percent failure in diagnosis. 

Now this psychiatrist made his results known 
throughout the medical world. They got into psychiatric 
journals and finally to the level of the public press. Of 
course , the experiment raised a great deal of flack . Then 
this psychiatrist announced to one of these institutions, 
"I am going to do it again." but he didn't (clever fellow 
that he was). Then he checked the institution's intake 
record and discovered that up until the time that he had 
served notice that he was going to do it again, in the 
history of the institution there had never been anything 
like the number of people turned down as fakes (or 
malingerers, as they call them). So going and coming, 
he showed that they knew nothing about what they 
were doing. 

In the Saturday Review of Literature two years ago it 
was stated that there are 320 different views of 
psychiatry and psychology on the market shelf today. I 
happen to know that there are 321! 

This is the miserable state of affairs in our country 
today. There is nothing but mass confusion. In just 
about every other field — medicine, architecture, 
aeronautics — you can find a growing consensus. 
Aeronautics is a field in which there is a great deal of 
consensus. For instance, you can't find rival schools of 
pilots or 320 different ways of flying an airplane. 

We don't have basic differences in other fields. We 
fly planes, drive automobiles, we are able to get our 
rockets to the moon: and we can do that because of the 
growing consensus. Sure, ideas occasionally are 
thrown out and new ones come in: but there is a pool of 
information that grows, about which there is some basic 

Why isn't there some agreement in the counseling 
field? Why is this one of the few areas in which there is 
no consensus, no basic agreement at all? Indeed the 
discipline keeps on splintering more and more and 
more, dividing and subdividing so that you can't get 
even two Skinnerians who can agree. Why is it that we 
have Freudians and neo-Freudians and now neo-neo- 
Freudians? Why do we have all kinds of shades and 
views, all attacking one another on the basic issues? 
These are not differences like those among the Baptists 
and Presbyterians, the Methodists and Episcopalians, 
and the rest of those who believe the Bible. We are 
fundamentally agreed and by comparison have rela- 
tively few differences. 

The Skinnerians say that, since man is an animal, we 






Dr. Jay Adams is a strong exponent of the centrality of the Biblical message to 
all true and effective counseling. At the Bryan pastors conference this emphasis 
was the thrust of his initial message, printed here with minor editing as tran- 
scribed from the tape recording. Counselor, teacher, and author, Dr. Adams has 
written more than thirty books and pamphlets, all of which are published by the 
Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., Nutley, N.J. He is the editor-in-chief 
of a new professional quarterly for ministers now in its second year. The Journal 
of Pastoral Practice. The Adams family lives in Juliette, Georgia. 

haven't trained him right, we ha\'en"t set up the right 
contingencies in his en\ironment. 

The Freudians sa\'. ""Oh. no. it's the \\a\ ue socialize 
man. the kind of superego that we have built into him. 
that is causing him problems. It's what his grandmother 
and his Sunday school teacher in the early days did to 

■"Oh. no." says Rogers, ""the basic problem is not in 
the en%'ironment or \\ hat other people ha\e done to him: 
it is that people fail to utilize all the potential inside. The 
closer I get to the core of man's being, the more I 
believe that he is absolutely good to the core of his being 
and that he is supplied with the answers to all his prob- 
lems. You don't need the Bible. All you need is to go 
inside and find that inner potential." 

The run-of-the-mill psychiatrists don't know whom 
to belie\e. What most of them do today is to take a piece 
here and a piece there, toss them all into the pot . and stir 
them together. Out comes an eclectic brew, and they 
pour it out in the pan to harden: and that's what they 
gi\e to people. It boils down to whatever the\' think as 
indi\iduals is the right answer. 

Yet w ho is an\' human being to sa\' to another human 
being. ""Here is what I think is the answer to your 
problem: here is the wa\' I think \ou should go"? Even 
if what I think is what Freud first thought or what 
Rogers thinks or what Skinner thinks or what Janov 
thinks in his primal scream scheme, do I ha\e the right 
(or audacit\) to say to a second human being. "This is 
the answer to \our problem because I say so'"? Does 
Freud know the answers to life's problems? Does Skin- 
ner. Janov? Do they really have the answers? 

Who know s what a man should look like? Does Skin- 
ner know what a human being should look like? Does B. 
F. Skinner look like that human being? Does he even 
have in his mind the concept of what a human being 
ought to look like? Of course. I don't believe he can do it 
anywa\'. He treats man as if he were an animal. Now 
man is more than an animal. Man was created in the 
image of the li\ ing God b\' the hand of God himself. But 
here is man. created in the image of the living God: and 
Skinner knows what that image is like, all by himself? 

Or Rogers sa\s. ""Man knows himself v\hat the image 
is like down inside: so I'll let him reflect God's image to 
himself." Who is a man to say to another man. ""I know 
what you should look like, and I am going to mold you 
and change you into that image which I think you ought 
to bear"? What man has the audacity to do that to 
another? And \ et thousands of people around the world 
today are doing counseling when they don't even know 
what a human being ought to look like. 

What is counseling? The only thing that all these 
divergent groups agree upon is that it is changing human 
beings in some way or other. A fellow comes in, needing 
to be changed. The problem is that the psychiatrists 
disagree upon how to change him and what he ought to 
look like. Into what should he be changed? "There is no 
standard. Therein lies the whole problem. The answer 
is that there is never going to be harmony in this field 
v\ hen the one Book that could have brought it is thrown 
out. In our society, so long as we have any freedom at 
all. we are never going to get harmony, because the only 
way we can find out w hat a man really ought to look like 
is by looking at Jesus Christ. 

Now. pastor, you know what a man should look like. 
You know this Book. You know that he should look like 
Christ. Not only that, you know what is the basic thing 
that must happen to him to begin to make him look like 
Jesus Christ: he needs to be saved. And you know 
beyond that that it is the Holy Spirit, who. using this 
Book, shapes and changes and molds that man accord- 
ing to the principles, ideals, and the picture given in this 
Book. A man ought to live like the commandments of 
God and like the living Embodiment of them — Jesus 
Christ, who kept all of them. 

In the midst of this confusion, in which we find one 
psychiatrist e.xcommunicating another, no agreement 
reached on any basic ideas, more and more schools 
proliferating day after day without any consensus what- 
soever, it is time for the pastor to step forward and say. 
""I've had it with this confusion. The reason that there is 
no consensus in this field is that the one Book that was 
intended to bring harmony has been ignored. I am going 
to bring that Book back into human lives wherever I 

Listen, the only place that you are going to find out 
how a person should live is in the Bible. This Book was 
intended to communicate two things — how to love God 
and how to love one's neighbors. That is where ninety 
percent of the counseling problems lie. 

I would like to close our discussion by looking at II 
Timothy 3. I like the way that God incidentally men- 
tions inspiration in the Scriptures because that gives it 
all the more power and force. Paul didn't have to e.\- 
plain what inspiration was aU about: he simply alluded to 
it. That means that he and Timothy both taught it: both 
understood it. and both accepted it. It was a presupposi- 
tion on which Paul could base other statements. And he 
says in verse 15. in contrast to those who were going 
astray in times of trouble. ""You must continue in these 
things that you learned and were convinced of. knowing 
(Continued on page 14) 

SUMMER 1978 


Dr. Adams (left) and Dr. Lindsell in a farewell handshake at the 
close of Bryan's first pastors' conference 

iVlodern man is committing suicide in numerous 
ways. Man committed suicide on one other occasion 
during his long history. The Old Testament tells us that 
it happened in the days of Noah. One of the interesting 
aspects of his suicidal quest is this: that even as men 
were in the process of doing it, they were not aware that 
the deluge was almost upon them. The New Testament 
says that in the closing days of this age, it shall be even 
as it was in the days of Noah. Men shall be marrying, 
giving in marriage, and conducting the ordinary, com- 
monplace affairs of life. They will be right on the brink 
of catastrophe without having any awareness of what is 
happening to them. 

The ruins of the ancient city of Pompeii testify to the 
suddenness with which catastrophe can fall. That city 
was utterly and completely destroyed by an eruption of 
Mt. Vesuvius that came upon people very suddenly 
when they were not expecting it. The whole top of that 
mountain blew up, and Pompeii was completely oblit- 
erated. The volcano deluged the whole city and buried it 
beneath the volcanic ash. Archaeologists have been 
digging up Pompeii and Herculaneum, and they have 
found the remains of people who were caught at that 
moment in the normal activities of life. 

C. S. Lewis wrote a book entitled The Abolition of 
Man . In that little book he is saying in one way the same 
kind of thing that will be suggested here. 

There are two ways in which men can commit 
suicide. It can happen either from the vantage point of 
natural revelation or common grace, or from the 
perspective of special revelation or the special grace of 
God. Concerning the former, history has witnessed the 
rise and prosperity of cultures that by no means could 
be called Christian cultures. They did not know 
Jehovah; and this, of course, was before the advent of 
Jesus Christ. While these cultures were not in any sense 

Judaic, nevertheless they rose to positions of power and 
eminence; and they did it under the common grace of 
God — namely, they had concern for the natural revela- 
tion of God. And that revelation of God in nature is 
accompanied by natural law. It is possible for nations 
that are not Christian to follow the natural laws of God. 
And if they follow the natural laws of God, they will 
reap as they have sown. But today men are not follow- 
ing the laws of God in nature, and so they are commit- 
ting that form of suicide. 

Then, secondly, there are people who are committing 
spiritual suicide, which means that they are in disobedi- 
ence to the supernatural revelation of God. They are 
cutting themselves off from God the Creator as revealed 
in the Bible. As such they are committing not simply 
physical suicide, but spiritual or transcendental suicide. 

Even those of us who are evangelical and who take 
the Bible very seriously are consciously or uncon- 
sciously part and parcel of the same problem; we also 
contribute to the approaching suicide of man. 

How then can it be said that man is committing 

The first way in which man is committing suicide is 
ecological. This planet Earth is being polluted. This is 
true of the atmosphere, which suffers from the smog 
that is found in every city around the world. It is true of 
the rivers and the lakes and the oceans, whose marine 
life is being destroyed. They are being so polluted that 
they will become dead waters in the not-too-distant 
future. We must also note the radiation which has per- 
meated the atmosphere above us and contaminated the 
earth in a way that indeed is dangerous. And we must 
also think of the destruction of the balance of nature. By 
the use of pesticides like DDT, insect life and plant life 
and animal life have been hurt, and all of nature is in a 
state of disbalance. We have reached a place where the 
air that we breathe, the water that we drink, and the 
food that we eat are not safe to us. 

Secondly, man is in the process of committing scien- 
tific suicide. One of the great explosions that have taken 
place has been the knowledge explosion. And indeed 
man has himself learned amazing things in the course of 
the last century. Scientific learning and advancement 
have been dramatic. It has not brought with it peace and 
security, however. All of our learning has brought with 
it only peril and fear. And in the area of the scientific, 
we have reached a place where the potential for interna- 
tional suicide is a dominant motif. The net effect of 
scientific advance has been overkill. Today we have 
nuclear weaponry, the potential of which is so vast that 
man can decide whether or not all life shall be wiped out 
on this planet Earth. Indeed we are in the process of 
developing a neutron bomb. And to show how complex 
this development is, it is a bomb which will be safe for 
property but not for humanity. It will kill people but will 
not destroy the buildings in which they shall be slain. 
The terrifying power of our weaponry is such that its 
delivery by aircraft and intercontinental ballistic mis- 



by Harold Lindsell 

Dr. Harold Lindsell, editor, author, and former teacher, deals 
with the most somber of topics In The Suicide of Man," which 
was the closing message of the Bryan pastors' conference. 
Printed here in abbreviated form, this realistic message merits 
thoughtful consideration. He sets forth vividly the depths to 
which man is sinking because "God is not in all his thoughts"; but 
he also sets forth the truth of Gods sovereignty in human history 
and the ultimate triumph in Christ's return. Now that he is retiring 
from the editorship of Christianity Today. Dr. Lindsell indicated 
that he has plans to write four books. His most recent volume, The 
Battle for the Bible, has provoked wide discussion and response 
within the evangelical community. 

siles with warheads is beyond the imagination of man. 
We have chemicals, both liquid and gaseous, that are so 
noxious that if one drop were put on human skin, the 
individual would be dead inside of three hours. 

We have the potential for germ warfare — a vast array 
of chemical and biological agents of destruction in the 
arsenals of all the great powers. Within the last few 
years some have raised the question about the United 
States" possession of these instruments of destruction. 
Our people in the CIA were supposed to destroy them: 
whether that has been done is not known. But we can be 
sure that there are other nations who have germ poten- 
tial equal to or exceeding that which the United States 
had or has today. 

We also have made tremendous advances in biology. 
In eugenics, in the unraveling of the genetic code, there 
is something that is called cloning. By cloning one can 
take tissue from a plant or animal, and from that tissue 
he can reproduce that individual with exactitude. We 
can take one persoa today and can manufacture one 
hundred people like him. Now we will be able to create 
a superman — a scientific monster with brain power, 
physical strength, and beauty, but with the moral stat- 
ure of an idiot. 

We are also in the process of committing medical 
suicide. We must not underestimate the positive ben- 
efits of medicine. We have discovered penicillin, and 
penicillin has dramatically advanced man"s ability to 
conquer very serious diseases. But we quickly have 
discovered the limitations even of penicillin, because 
the germs that penicillin could kill have quickly become 
resistant to its powers. There are now forms of 
gonorrhea that penicillin cannot touch. The germs of 
gonorrhea have become so resistant and so powerful 
that no amount of penicillin will conquer it. So it is with 
all of our medical advances. As long as there is not a 
dramatic transformation in the ethical and mora! stan- 
dards and conduct of people, all the advances of 
medicine always have a "terminus ad quem"" in which 
their value is destroyed because of man. 

But we have all kinds of medicine. We live in a world 
of pill therapy. We have pain pills, sleeping pills, birth 
control pills, and energy pills. We have pills to stunt 
growth and pills to produce growth. We have hormones 
for sexual potency and pills to control conduct. We 
have heart transplants and kidney transplants and the 

transplanting of artificial organs. We also have power- 
ful drugs like LSD, pep pills, marijuana, and heroin. But 
in the midst of all the magnificent medical advances, 
mankind is not using these things simply for good but 
also for evil. We extend life, but we give no good pur- 
pose for its extension, nor have we made it desirable 
that life should be so extended. 

Perhaps the most advanced social democracy in the 
world is Sweden. There one is taken care of from the 
womb to the tomb. They have everything at least from a 
humanistic viewpoint. And yet in this paradise there 
has been in recent years an alarming increase of juvenile 
crime, widespread alcoholism, drug addiction, the 
suicide rate, homosexuality, prostitution, exhi- 
bitionism, incest, and murder. At a time when church 
attendance lags and not more than five percent of the 
people of Sweden are in any church on any Sunday 
morning, and where today eighty-three percent of the 
Swedish people say that they do not believe that there is 
a life after death — this is paradise! Not paradise re- 
gained, but paradise on the threshold of extinction, 
paradise on the threshold of decimation. It is a paradise 
of men who shall be overtaken at last by catastrophe 
and will commit suicide. 

Moreover, we face the threat of military suicide. The 
armaments of the world today are more vast in number 
than has ever been true before in the history of man- 
kind. The military forces today have instruments of 
destruction so powerful that two or three bombs would 
be the equivalent of all the bombs we dropped in World 
War II. On every hand there is armed conflict. In every 
region of the world today, nadons face other hostile 
nations with armaments piling up in their arsenals. To 
the north of Communist China are troops of the Soviet 
Union posed for war. Taiwan is waidng to get back to 
mainland China, and mainland China is waiting to de- 
stroy Taiwan. North Korea is proclaiming day after day 
that it intends to conquer South Korea and reinstitute 
one Korea. Germany is split in two — the old Germany 
and the new Marxist Germany. Behind the Iron Curtain 
in Europe, Czechoslavakia and Hungary lie under the 
eye and heel of the Russian dictatorship, waiting for 
that moment when they can be delivered and once again 
secure their freedom. In South Africa black men are 
waiting for their freedom from the white man. Rhodesia 
has the same problem. In Latin America, governments 
are overturned and are changing so rapidly that it is hard 
to remember the fact that every year two or three 
changes in nadons occur. In the United States we fear 
the Soviet Union. We know we cannot trust them, and 
they are sure they cannot trust us. Once again, there 
will be that which Scripture has prophesied: wars and 
rumors of wars even unto the end of the age. 

Man is also in the process of committing moral 

SUMMER 1978 


suicide. This moral suicide is against both the laws of 
nature and the laws of God. Anyone who travels will 
quickly discover that pornography is international in 
scope. From Sweden to France to America, it is found 
in every major city. Increased sexual "freedom" is 
resulting in multiplied fornication, adultery, les- 
bianism, and wife-swapping, along with rape, sodomy, 
incest, pandering, prostitution, battered wives, and bat- 
tered children. The movies and the legitimate theatres 
are sex-oriented. They get around the abnormal and 
illegitimate under the guise of freedom of expression. A 
new morality prevails that is immorality under the ban- 
ner of an undefined and contentless law of love similar 
to the days of the Judges when every man is doing 
whatever is right in his own eyes. Ministers of the 
Gospel who minister even to evangelical people are 
facing problems beyond imagination. The divorce 
epidemic is so widespread that even among evangelical 
Christians, twenty-five percent of those who marry will 
be divorced. In reality it should be at least one-third, but 
we are allowing for the possibility that evangelical con- 
viction may moderate the statistics. 

Then we are committing sociological suicide. In 
California today, one out of every two marriages ends 
up in divorce. There is the breakdown of the home. 
Multiplied millions of children are being raised today in 
a one-parent home. There is the breakdown of law and 
order, in which men decide which laws they will obey. 
There is increasing crime, drug addiction, and al- 
coholism. There are racial clashes. There is the decay of 
the cities. The rich nations are getting richer, and the 
poor nations are getting poorer. Society is becoming 

We are also committing intellectual suicide. In Marx- 
ism with the advance of the dialectic and the repudia- 
fion of the laws of logic, in existentialism with the 
supremacy of the absurd and the meaninglessness, in an 
era of unreason in philosophy, the arts, theology, and 
literature — anything goes and nothing is permanent or 
is true forever. In the world of the mind today, there is 
an increasingly vast array of available literature endors- 
ing things that are diametrically opposed to everything 
contained in sacred Scripture. In this age of unreason, 
men are saying that even thinking does not make any 
difference and that rational thought has no power and 
ought not to be normative in structuring life. 

We are also committing theistic suicide. Arthur 
Schlesinger, Jr., who is not a believer, recently deliv- 
ered a lecture to Lutherans in Philadelphia. In the 
course of the lecture he said this: 

The trouble with Christians today is that they 
have completely repudiated all that they have in- 
herited from the Reformation and as far as they 
are concerned, Calvin and Luther and all the rest 
of them might just as well have never lived, be- 
cause they have no binding control over them and 
their thought patterns have been completely di- 
vorced from their inheritance. 
He says that they talk about God; but as far as God's 
actual operation within the framework of life or their 
world and life view is concerned, God might just as well 
be dead because He is irrelevant. 

At the heart of our dilemma in the field of theology 

today lies the concept of the autonomy of man, the 
individual subject to no power outside himself, an 
anarchist who is a law unto himself, the creator of his 
own absolutes, the judge and jury over his own life. 

This is the world which we face. From the Christian 
perspective we need to see the situation realistically. 
The real revolution is not a revolution of man against 
man. The real revolution is not a revolution that has to 
do particularly with sociological or theological or other 
matters. It is a battle between God and Satan, between 
light and darkness. It is being waged in the cosmos and 
on the Earth. It is in the seen and the unseen world. 
What we see is not the totality of reality. There is more 
to life than we see, but the seal of death is on this planet 
Earth. The Apostle Peter says the heavens will pass 
away, the elements will be dissolved with fire, the Earth 
will be burned up. Yes, the mark of death is on the 
planet. It is committing suicide. Nothing can save it. It 
must die before it can live again. The judgment has 
already been pronounced. 

But the new is to be found within the old. There is 
something we call the Kingdom of God. That Kingdom 
of God has come and is coming. That Kingdom of God 
shall at last be triumphant! The moment will come when 
Jesus shall appear, and before Him shall bow all the 
kings and kingdoms of this world. And all these king- 
doms shall become His kingdom, and that Kingdom 
shall be delivered to His Father. While we wait for that 
culminafion, God is calhng out a people for His name. 
Judgment is delayed, and the door of the ark is open 
until the fullness of time or the second advent comes. 
The hour is late, but it is not too late. Men still are 
invited to come to Jesus Christ and find in Him the gift 
of everlasting life. 

There is a Kingdom, and it cannot be shaken. Its 
foundation has for its builder and maker God himself. It 
is a Kingdom which shall prevail against all the king- 
doms of this earth. 

In the midst of this kind of world, we have been called 
to be God's people. We have been called to speak forth 
our testimony to all men everywhere concerning His 
saving grace. We are not to be like the Laodicean 
church which was lukewarm, a church that was not 
what it thought it was. It thought everything was going 
smoothly and that the church was vital and alive, when 
actually it was deadl In a description of the closing days 
of the age, the Apostle Paul tells us that men shall be 
lovers of self and lovers of money and proud and arro- 
gant and abusive and disobedient, ungrateful, unholy, 
inhuman, implacable, slanderous, profligates, fierce, 
haters of good (2 Tim. 3: 1-3). This is what the world is 

In that day Jesus says that among the people who 
profess His name the love of many will wax cold. Now, 
one cannot get cold if he has not been hot. We are told 
that we should occupy fill He comes. We must warn 
men everywhere to flee from the wrath to come, be- 
cause we know that in Jesus Christ we have received 
the gift of everlasting life. And it is the desire of our 
hearts to share with them the promise of God and to 
make known to them the truth of the words of Jesus, "I 
am come that men might have life, and that they might 
have it more abundantly." 














Ann Criswell Jackson in concert 

Dr. Irving Jensen at seminar 

Registration for the first Bryan pastors" conference 
represented twenty-one states and one province of 
Canada. Participants came from as far away as Col- 
orado and New Brunswick. All together some 300 per- 
sons participated in the conference with 150 of these 
being full time, not including members of the college 
community. Out-of-town guests were accommodated 
in the college dormitories, and meals were provided in 
the college dining room. 

Dr. Harold Lindsell and Dr. Jay Adams each spoke 
four times at genera! sessions and led four seminars 
each. Dr. Lindsell" s general topics were "The Bible the 
Foundation for the Christian Faith."" "The State of the 
Church," "The Christian Mind,"" and "The Suicide of 
Man." Dr. Adams's topics were "Counseling and the 
Bible,"" "Marriage,"" "The Husband."" and "Divorce."" 

The four seminars led by Dr. Lindsell were (1) 
"Forum — Questions and Answers on the Battle for the 
Bible,"" with special emphasis on the responsibilities 
and resources of the local pastor; (2) "Publishing in 
Today"s Christian Market""; (3) "The Holy Spirit"s 
Threefold Secretin Your Life and Mine""; and (4) "Bib- 
lical Ethics."" 

The four seminars led by Dr. Adams were "Crisis 
Counseling — the Divorced, the Bereaved, and the 
Terminally 111"" (given twice); (2) "The Pastor's Home 
Life""; and (3) "Persuasive Preaching."" 

In addition, four Bryan faculty also led seminars: Dr. 
Irving L. Jensen, professor of Bible, on "Personal Bible 
Study: The Analytical Method,"" a demonstration of the 
inductive method of Bible study; Dr. William Ketcher- 
sid and Dr. Robert Spoede, professors of history, on 
"What Motivated Martin Luther?"" with reasons for 
Martin Luther" s break with the Roman Church in the 

Fellowship in college dining room 

period 1517-1521; and Professor Malcolm Fary, of the 
education department, on "Factors to Be Considered in 
the Development of a Christian Day School Program."" 

The wives, who made up about a fourth of the par- 
ticipants, conducted one sharing seminar of their own. 

Music for the occasion included an organ concert by 
Chattanooga concert artist and Bryan faculty member. 
Bene Hammel, and two vocal concerts by Anne Cris- 
well Jackson of Dallas, Texas, accompanied by Dr. 
Jack Jones of West Palm Beach, Florida. 

Though focusing on the pastoral ministry, the confer- 
ence proved a rich feast for all who attended any part of 

SUMMER 1978 




Dr. Irving L. Jensen, professor of 
Bible, is tine author oi Jensen s Sur- 
vey of the Old Testament, just released 
in May by Moody Press. Tliis latest 
work by Dr. Jensen, who is well- 
known for his Bible self-study 
guides, opens up the Old Testament 
as a unified whole to the serious 
reader. Replete with maps and 
charts, the survey guide is designed 
to motivate the reader to discover 
new truths on his own. 

Written in Dr. Jensen's usual pre- 
cise, clear, and understandable 
style, the book is cloth bound, 488 
pages, and may be purchased from 
most Christian book stores as well 
as from the Bryan College 

W. Gary Phillips, instructor in 
Greek and Bible, was selected 
Teacher of the Year by the student 
body and was presented a plaque in 
token of the honor. He won the 
same honor two years ago. 

After teaching at Bryan for three 
years, Mr. Phillips, who holds the 
Th.M. from Dallas Seminary, is 
leaving Bryan to pursue studies to- 
ward a doctorate at Grace Semi- 
nary, Winona Lake, Ind. 

He and his wife, Betsy"75, are the 
parents of a two-year-old son, 
David, and a daughter, Elizabeth 
Irene, who was born May 17. 

James Hughson, assistant to the 
dean of students, has been named 
director for the summer of the 
Skymont Scout Reservation, oper- 
ated by the Cherokee Area Council, 
Boy Scouts of America, near Chat- 
tanooga. He has been active in 
scouting for 24 years and has 
worked at summer scout camps for 
10 years. This will be his fourth year 
at Skymont, where he served as 
camp commissioner and program 

^P. M| w 

HB I'^m^ ^ 


Mrs. Clifford Norman, Winston- 
Salem, N.C., was recently elected 
to the board of trustees. A widow, 
Mrs. Norman, is a special agent for 
the Prudential Insurance Company 
and won the National Quality 
Award of the National Association 
of Life Underwriters in 1976 and 
1977. She is chairman of the state 
advisory committee for the Chil- 
dren's Home Society. 


Two students presented papers 
before the annual meeting of the col- 
legiate division of the Tennessee 
Academy of Science at Carson- 
Newman College, Jefferson City. 

Eric Clarke, Miami Springs, Fla., 
a junior majoring in chemistry, dis- 
cussed "The Effects of Vitamins on 
the Reproduction of White Rats." 
Clarke was also selected vice presi- 
dent of the division for 1978-79. 

Tim Eggert, Atlanta, Ga., a sen- 
ior biology major, presented his 
paper on "The Preparation of Es- 
ters of Polyhydroxy Compounds 
and the Mono-, Di-, and Trichloro- 
acetic Acids." 

Also attending the meeting from 
Bryan were Blaine Bishop, Con- 
cord, Tenn., freshman; Mrs. Betty 
Giesemann, instructor in chemis- 
try; and Dr. MerHn Grieser, assis- 
tant professor of chemistry. 

Bryan will host the annual meet- 
ing in 1979. 


Twenty-nine students exhibited a 
total of 132 works of art in Bryan's 
fifth annual art show, under the di- 
rection of Kent Juillard, assistant 
professor of art. The show was open 
to the public from April 16 through 
May 1 in the third-floor reading 
room of the administration building. 
Judges were Dr. Ruth Kantzer, as- 
sociate professor of English, and 
Mrs. Linda Chattin, art teacher at 
Rhea County High School. 

Awards for entries in the paint- 
ings division went to Susan Shields, 
junior, Kettering, Ohio, for first 
place; Teri Stewart, freshman, 
Gadsden, Ala., for second; and 
Rudy Wolter, junior. Marietta, Ga., 
for third. Rudy also took first place 
for his sculpture. 

In the ceramics division Dennis 
King, senior, Baltimore, Md., took 
both first and third honors, with 
Judy Park, freshman, Birmingham, 
Ala., earning second. Judy also re- 
ceived first-place honors for her 
drawing entry. 

Other drawing awards went to 
Lori Rostollan, special student, 
Bemidji, Minn., for second place, 
and to Kim Crook, freshman. Rock 
Hill, S.C, for third. 

In photography Beth Shreeves, 
freshman, Chamblee, Ga., captured 
both first- and second-place honors 
and Coen Gilmore, freshman, 
Titusville, Fla., took third. 

Kent Juillard 




The arms of Br\an will be reach- 
ing around the w orld this summer as 
seven students will be serving in as 
man\ different countries as short- 
term missionaries. The se\en are 
members of Practical Christian In- 
%ol\ement (PCI), the organization 
of the college which provides stu- 
dents with opportunities for Chris- 
tian ser\ice. 

The summer missionar\' program 
gives students practical experience 
on N'arious mission fields, where 
their help, sometimes with menial 
tasks, frees the career missionaries 
for more vital ministries. 

The seven and their fields of ser- 
vice are John Graton. Mariposa, 
Calif., working with the Na\igators 
on the campus of the Uni\ersity of 
Tennessee in Knoxville; Daphne 
Kelh . Charlotte. N.C.. in Santa 
Cruz. Boli\ia: .\nita Jaggers, Co- 
lumbus. Ind.. in Seoul. Korea: 
Nanc\' Aldrich. Williamsburg. Va.. 
in Heverlee. Belsium: Jill Heisler. 

Seated left to right are Heisler. Jaggers, 
Aldrich. and Kelly; standing are Ropp. 
Graton. and Merrick. 

Montoursville. Pa., in Bonaire. 
Netherlands Antilles: Mickey Mer- 
rick. Schaumburg. 111., in Barcelo- 
na. Spain: and Dean Ropp. Mariet- 
ta. Ga.. as sports ambassador in 
Hong Kong, Taiwan, and the 


.Approximately 200 people visited 
Bryan's first annual horticulture 
show on April 13 in the third-floor 
reading room. 

.According to Dr. Ralph Paisley, 
associate professor of biology and 
chairman of the show, there were 73 
entries and 32 prizes were awarded. 

The sweepstakes award for ac- 
cumulating the most points went to 
Debbie Woodworth. a graduating 
senior of Monroe Center. 111. 

Winner of the horticulture excel- 
lence award for the most outstand- 
ing specimen in the show went 
to Jim Wolfe, senior. Indianapolis. 

Diane Duckett. a sophomore 
from Atlanta. Ga.. won the award 
of merit for the best specimen in the 
potted plant division: and Beth 
Shreeves. a freshman from Cham- 
blee. Ga.. took the merit award in 
the hanging basket division. 


Gospel Messengers' Itinerary (July-August) 

Sat.. Mon.. Tues.. July 1. 3. 4 
Gull Lake Bible Conference 
Hickory Comers. Ml 49060 

Sun.. July 2. 9:45 a.m. 

Byron Center Bible Churcti 
Byron Center. Ml 49315 

Sun., July 2. 7:00 p.m. 
Ottawa Center Chapei 
Coopersville. Ml 49404 

Wed.. July 5. 7:00 p.m. 

Rives Baptist Church 
Rives Junction. Ml 49277 

Fri.. July 7, 7:00 p.m. 

Howardsville Gospel Chapel 
Howardsville. Ml 
Sat., July 8 
Sun., July 9, a.m. 
South Baptist Church 
Lansing. Ml 

Sun.. July 9. 6:00 p.m. 

Faith Baptist Church 
Royal Oak, Ml 48072 

Tues., July 11 

Wed., July 12, 7:00 p.m. 
First Baptist Churcti 
Wayne. Ml 48184 

Tliurs.. July 13. 7:30 p.m. 

Wadhams Baptist Church 
Port Huron. Ml 48060 

Fri., July 14 

Rrst Baptist Church 
St. Clair, Ml 48079 

Sat,, July 15 

Pleasant Valley Baptist Church 

Mansfield, OH 44903 

Sun., July 16, 10:30 a.m. 
Calvary Baptist Church 
Bucyrus. OH 44820 

Sun.. July 16. 6:00 p.m. 

Grace Brethren Church 
Lexington. OH 44904 

Tues., July 18 

Camp Hope 
Canton. NC 28716 

Wed.. July 19, 7:30 p,m. 
Faith Bible Church 
Hendersonville. NC 28739 

Thurs, & Fri.. July 20. 21 

Bryan Bible Conference 
Dayton, TN 37321 

Sat.. July 22 

Sun., July 23, 11:00 a.m. 
Warwick First Baptist Church 
Warwick, GA 31796 

Sun.. July 23. 7:00 p.m. 
Vineville Presbyterian Church 
Macon. GA 31204 

Tues., July 25. 7:30 p.m. 

First Presbyterian Church 
Augusta, GA 30902 

Wed., July 26 

July 27 
Fri., July 28-Aug. 4 



Hickory Grove 

Baptist Church Camp 
Charlotte. NC 28215 

Sun.. Aug. 8. 11:00 a.m. 

Wayne Hills Baptist Church 
Waynesboro. VA 22980 

Sun., Aug. 6. 7:00 p.m. 

Thoroughfare Community Chapel 
Brightwood. VA 22715 

Man.. Aug. 7 

Cherrydale Baptist Church 
Arlington. VA 22207 

Tues., Aug. 8. 7:00 p.m. 
Hilltop Ranch 
Colora. MD 21917 

Wed.. Aug. 9. 7:30 p.m. 

Purcellville Baptist Church 
Purcellville. VA 22132 

Thurs., Aug. 10, 7:00 p.m. 
Sandy Cove Bible Conf. 
North East. MD 21901 

Fri., Aug. 11 

Sun., Aug. 13. 11:00 a.m. 

Berachah Church 
Cheltenham PA 19012 

Sun., Aug. 13. 7:00 p.m. 
Calvary Baptist Church 
Bristol. PA 19007 

Jerry Cline. Luke Germann. and 
Sandy Stack were named Bryan 
Athletes of the Year at the spring 
sports banquet. 

Cline. a senior basketball player 
from Mansfield, Ohio, finished sec- 
ond on the school's all-time scoring 
list and was a second team NCCAA 
All-American selection. Jerry also 
was a member of the baseball team. 

The all-time leading soccer scorer 
in Bryan history with 101 points, 
Germann shared Male Athlete of 
the Year honors with Cline. The 
Nashville. Tenn. . senior was named 
to the NCCAA All-American team 
for the second straight season in ad- 
dition to many other all-star squads. 

In winning the women's honor. 
Sandy Stack led the team in scoring 
with a 16.0 average. Only a sopho- 
more. Sandy is already the leading 
scorer in the history of the women's 
basketball program at Bryan. A na- 
tive of Hollywood. Florida, she was 
named to the first team of the SCAC 
all-star squad. She was also a 
member of the tennis team. 

Each graduating senior was pre- 
sented with a ball of his sport. The 
cross-country seniors were given 




Bob Grosser, a junior from Pueblo, Colo., was one of three history students to 
accompany Professor and Mrs. Robert Spoede to Washington, D.C., for Bryan's first 
representation at the Federal Seminar, where they joined history students from some 
twenty other Christian colleges. Bob is the son of alumnus Ralph Grosser '68 and 
Barbara Grosser. 

by Bob Grosser 

v^hristians do have a place in our government! This 
is what the annual Federal Seminar in Washington, 
D.C., is all about. I had never been to Washington and 
had always had a special desire to go there. So, in 
October, 1977, when I found out about the Federal 
Seminar, which was sponsored by the National Associ- 
ation of Evangelicals, the thought of attending it excited 
me. But this excitement cooled rapidly when I saw the 
cost of the trip. 

After a couple of weeks of prayer, 1 felt that the Lord 
wanted me to go, and I knew that I would have to trust 
in Him to provide for the expense. At that time I did not 
even have the down payment necessary, but He pro- 
vided that with a loan from a concerned staff person 
here at Bryan. 

I certainly learned about faith during the waiting time 
before the seminar, which was held in early February, 
1978. God chose to wait until the last minute to provide 
the remaining funds for the trip. The day before the 
registration deadline, I was called in and told that the 
entire expense had just been covered through several 
anonymous gifts! I praised God on the spot, and I was 
totally assured that He wanted me to go. 

The week-long seminar was a very educational, in- 
spirational, and enjoyable experience. It consisted of a 
series of lectures, briefings, and visits to spots of in- 
terest. We heard from Christian senators, judges, and 
other executives in influential positions in the govern- 
ment. Of course, we visited the U.S. Capitol, the White 
House, the Pentagon, the memorials, the Smithsonian 
Institute, and other very interesting places. 

The overall objective of the seminar was to show that 
Christians should be involved in our government, 
whether through just letter-writing or through holding a 
position, and that they can have a real influence on 
government decisions and controls. I now understand 
the government better and am much more interested in 
the decisions made. Our government needs prayer and 
support. We should be praying in general for it and 
specifically for the Christian leaders involved. 

Again I want to say that the trip was very gratifying 
and beneficial. I wish to thank the anonymous friends 
who made it possible for me to attend. On behalf of the 
others who went and myself, we thank Dr. and Mrs. 
Spoede for organizing and guiding our registration pro- 
cess and transportation. 


(Continued from page 7) 

from whom you learned them, that from childhood you 
have known the sacred scriptures that are able to make 
you wise about salvation through faith that is in Christ 
Jesus." Then he says, "All scripture is inspired by 
God." The Greek literally says, "God breathed out" or 
■"breathed out by God." That's the idea in the word 
inspiration. All the Scriptures have been breathed out by 

This passage is saying that, because the Bible is a 
book like that, it becomes useful for four things: teach- 
ing, conviction, correction, and disciplined training in 
righteousness in order to make the man of God (the 
pastor) adequate and to equip him fully for every good 
task for which God has called him. Now I say to you. 
without enlarging any further on those four words, 
there is a lot in that passage. You and I have a standard: 
we know what God requires. That alone is stupendous. 
Nobody else knows what a human being should look 

We also have here the four steps of change that God 
requires. We want to change people too, but the Bible is 
the means that we must use to change them. That's why 
it was given — to show men what God requires, where 
they have failed to measure up to the requirements, how 
they can get straightened out again and walk in the ways 
of righteousness instead. That is a process of change, 
and it is the Bible that effects that change. Everything 
you need to know in order to help a person to change so 
that he can begin to love God and love his neighbor is in 
this Book. 

How did Jesus become the Wonderful Counselor'? He 
became that Wonderful Counselor by learning this 
Book. What a tragedy that the early church — Paul, 
Peter, and the others — didn't have Freud's insights! 
How did the church ever manage without Jung and 
Adler? How did Jesus do without /'w OK: You're OK? 
And yet they all had something to say about changing 
people's lives that was totally adequate to make a man 
live in a way that pleases God. 

Get out in front of the pack. I urge you from the 
bottom of my heart. 



Use a 



to honor the memory of your loved one 
through the lives of worthy Christian students. 

WHY NOT MEMORIALIZE a loved one or friend with a Living Memorial Gift to Bryan 
College? An appropriate acknowledgment will be mailed promptly by the college to the 
bereaved family. The name of the person memorialized and the contributor will be entered in 
our Memorial Book. 


• Is an Investment In Life 

A satisfying way to honor a loved one or friend is to invest in a life yet to be lived. A 
Living Memorial Gift becomes a helping hand to students at Bryan who are preparing 
to serve Christ and others in their chosen vocation. 

• Is Private and Noncompetitive 

The family of the one whose memory you so honor will be notified without mention of 
the amount. 

• Is Tax-deductible 

Bryan will promptly acknowledge your gift, and you will enjoy the added advantage of 
a tax deduction. 

• Is Designated According to Your Preference 

Worthy students with financial needs are assisted or educational facilities at Bryan are 
maintained and expanded as you direct. Your gift may be designated for student aid or 
operating fund. 

The attached form is for your convenience in making your Living Memorial gift to 
Bryan College. 


Please print all information 


Given by Mrs. 



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(will remain confidential) 

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Send Memorial acknowledgment to: 




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Bryan College 
Dayton, TN 37321 



SUMMER 1978 



■ w L 

n R 

A beautiful hilltop campus in the lake 
and mountain country of East 
Tennessee is the setting for Bryan 

But the surrounding area 
becomes much more than just 
appreciated scenery. Through a 
program of practical Christian 
involvement in a hospitable Southern 
atmosphere, many Bryan students 
voluntarily participate in Bible 
teaching, Awana Club, nursing home, 
and other ministries. They care about 
the people living there. Bryan helps 
to build within each student the 
determination and skills to serve 
Christ by reaching out to others. 


Write to find out about others, 
including 15 majors preparing for 
careers and graduate study in 

• Liberal Arts • Business 

• Bible and Christian Education 

• Education and Psychology 
presented from a Biblical 


Bryan is the only fully accredited 
nonsectarlan evangelical Christian 
college ot arts and sciences located in 
the southeastern United States. 

Director of Admissions 


Dayton, Tennessee 37321 

Please send me more information: 


Phone: (615) 775-2041 
Call CoJtect. 




Plione (Area) 


Year you will enter Bryan 

□ Freshman 

□ Transfer