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Full text of "The Buchanan book. The life of Alexander Buchanan, Q.C., of Montreal, followed by an account of the family of Buchanan"

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http://www.archive.org/details/buchananbooklifeOObuchuoft 

• 



THE BUCHANAN BOOK 



THE LIFE OF 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C., 



OP MONTREAL, 



FOLLOWED BY AN ACCOUNT OP THE 



FAMILY OF BUCHANAN, 



BY 



A. wf PATRICK BUCHANAN, K.C 



Printed for Private Circulation. 




ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 



Page 22: Line 14 read " proctor " for " procter " 
" 123: Delete the note at foot of page. Owing to want of space it 
has been found necessary to omit an account of Chief 
Justice Sir Francis Godschall Johnson by the writer, 
which appeared in a Montreal newspaper at the time of 
his death, and which was to have formed part of the 
Appendix. 

" 137: Line 17 read " controverted " for " cultivated." 

" 189: See Appendix for notes 1 and 2. 

" 191 : Gertrude, widow of George Buchanan, of Keston Towers, 
Kent, died 29th June, 1911, aged 74 years. 

" " Jane Elizabeth, daughter of John Buchanan, of Lisnamallard, 
died 3rd December, 1910, at Lisnamallard, Omagh, 
Tyrone, aged 88 years. 

" 192: Anna Sophia, widow of Alexander Carlisle Buchanan, of 
Riverdale, Omagh, died 2nd January, 1910, at Morden, 
Manitoba, aged 68 years. 

•' 194: Line 10 read *• Ethel Elizabeth " for " Ellen Elizabeth." 

" " Mina, wife of Col. Lewis Mansergh Buchanan, C.B., died 
1st April, 1908, at Edenfel, Omagh, Tyrone. 
•• Col. Lewis Mansergh Buchanan, C.B., died 23rd April, 1908, 
at Edenfel, Omagh, Tyrone. 

" *' Ethel Elizabeth, daughter of Colonel Lewis Mansergh 
Buchanan, C.B., and wife of William Pike Grubb, died 
1st November, 1910, at Claremont, Osborne Park, Bel- 
fast, aged 46 years. 

" '• Major L. E. Buchanan has issue a daughter, Phyllis, born 
9th October, 1909. 

" 238: Capt. James Buchanan Whitla died 1st May, 1911, at 
Barnes, Surrey, aged 76 years. 

" 240: Ada Dorothea, daughter of the late Col. Theo. Higginson, 
C.B., married 3rd August, 1910, E. H. Greg of Beech- 
field, Swinton, Lancashire, son of E. H. Greg, of 
Quarry Bank, Cheshire. 

" 247: William F. Forbes has issue a daughter, Margaret 
McKenzie, born 4th September, 1910. 

" " Eveline Ellen, daughter of Capt. J. B. Clay, married 11th 
May, 1911, Frederick E. Archibald. 

*' " Harold Bonham Clay, son of Capt. J. B. Clay, married 
15th December, 1911, Helen Catherine, daughter of T. 
Ridley Da vies. 

" 248: Olive Bancroft, daughter of Reginald H. Buchanan, married 
15th November, 1911, Osmond William Dettmers. 

•• 444: Mary Meade, only daughter of the Honble. Mr. Justice 
Buchanan and Lady Buchanan, of Clareinch, Clare- 
mont, S. Africa, married 11th April, 1912, Major 
Edward Leigh, Hampshire Regiment, son of late Francis 
A. Leigh (formerly lOih Hussars), of Roscgarland, Co. 
Wexford. 



To 
B. L. Q. B. 

This Book 

IS 

Affectionately Dedicated. 



This Edition is limited to three 
hundred signed copies^ of which this 
copy is 

No. T 




c^ ^XyC4.^Z^ 



CONTENTS. 

Page 

Life of Alexander Buchanan, Q.C., of Montreal 1 

The Buchanans of that Ilk 161 

The Buchanans of Blairlusk 187 

James Buchanan, H.B.M. Consul at New York 197 

The Buchanans of Carbeth 251 

The Buchanans of Ardoch 259 

The Gray-Buchanans of Scotstown 265 

The Buchanans of Auchmar 271 

The Buchanans of Hales Hall 281 

The Buchanans of Spittal 287 

The Buchanans of Blairvockie . . . 299 

The Buchanans of Montreal 303 

Family of Dr. George Buchanan of Fintona, co. 

Tyrone 313 

The Buchanans of Arnpryor 325 

The Buchanans of Lenny 333 

The Buchanans of Auchineden 339 

The Buchanans of Arnpryor (second family) 345 

The Buchanans of Powis 349 

The Buchanans of Gartacharne 355 

The Carrick Buchanans of Drumpellier 363 

The Buchanans of Auchintorlie 373 

The Buchanans in Campsie and Baldernock 383 

The Buchanans of Drummikill 389 

The Buchanans of Drumhead 395 

The Buchanans of Finnick-Drummond 401 

The Leith-Buchanans of Ross Priory 407 

The Buchannans late of Miltoun 411 

A Genealogical Note 417 

The Quatercentenary of George Buchanan 423 

Some Distinguished Buchanans 431 

Some Buchanans in the United States of America. . . 451 

Appendix 477 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Alexander Buchanan, Q.C., from the 
original painting in the possession 
of A. W. P. Buchanan, K.C Frontispiece 

Doctor John Buchanan, 49th Regiment 

of Foot, from a miniature Opposite page 4 

Doctor John Buchanan, from a pastel. '* " 16 

The Place of Buchanan, from a draw- 
ii^g by J. P. Neale, engraved by 
M. J. Barenger, 1787, and repro- 
duced by kind permission of James 
Maclehose & Sons, Glasgow '* ** 59 

Mary Ann Buchanan, wife of Alexander 

Buchanan, Q.C *' ** 84 

House of Alexander Buchanan, Q.C. . . " " 148 

Hon. G. C. V. Buchanan " " 150 

Wentworth James Buchanan *' ** 154 

Alexander Brock Buchanan *' '* 156 

Mrs. A. Brock Buchanan *' " 158 

Col. Lewis Mansergh Buchanan, C.B., 

of Edenfel " " 192 

James Buchanan, H.B.M. Consul at 

New York " " 197 

Elizabeth Clarke, wife of James Bu- 
chanan " " 207 



INTRODUCTION. 



As the name indicates this book contains the 
life of Alexander Buchanan, Q.C., of Montreal, 
Canada. It gives a brief account of his father, 
Doctor John Buchanan, of the Forty-Ninth Regi- 
ment of Foot and some time Surgeon on the 
Hospital Staff of the Army in Canada. It is also 
an attempt to bring down to the present day in 
concise form the history of the Family of Buchanan 
and of its various branches. According to tradi- 
tion the family was originally Irish, the first of 
the clan in Scotland being Anselan Buey Okyan. 
Some years ago the following article, which the 
writer considers worth reproducing, appeared in 
an American newspaper: 

" The Scottish Highlanders connect the an- 
cient Irish with modem civilization — the era of 
the round towers and the Danish invasion, with 
the age of the scientific method; the days of the 
ancient Feans, whence the appellation of Fenian, 
with this Nineteenth Century, in which, by com- 
merce and utilitarianism at large, the romance of 
humanity has been quite evaporated, or meta- 
morphosed into life-painting of a life less large 
and heroic in pageantry, if covered with a greater 
number of layers of civilization. 

'*The first glimpse that authentic history 
affords of the stem of this family is offered in con- 
nection with the battle of Limerick — a sort of 
Celtic St. Bartholomew, with a nobler and more 
patriotic purpose. After six centuries of struggle. 



Vi INTRODUCTION 

Ireland had succumbed to the rule of the Danish 
hordes, which, from the fourth century to the 
eleventh, had indulged in almost annual invasions 
of England, Scotland, and Ireland. The order of 
Feans — giants — was first instituted in Ireland to 
repel these irruptions ; and their general was termed 
King of the Feans, still the native Irish term for 
general. The less ancient order of Dalgheass was, 
upon the destruction of the order of Feans in the 
fifth century, instituted as a sort of national guard, 
notwithstanding the vigilance of which the Danes 
succeeded in bringing the Irish under subjection, 
with Sueno, the father of Canute, as King of Den- 
mark, England and Ireland, both held by Scandi- 
navian usurpation. 

" The Limerick slaughter is generally referred 
to this year, and was executed by one of those 
witty stratagems by which the insolence of an 
enemy is sometimes turned to his destruction. 
Sueno, in honor of his birthday, ordered a general 
fete and celebration throughout the kingdom ; and 
the Danish Governor of Ireland distributed orders 
to all the department commanders to repair to 
Limerick to assist at the festival, ordering the 
Irish nobility, his vassals, to send in a couple of 
thousand of the most beautiful of their daughters 
to amuse the Danish officers. The nobility, ap- 
parently submitting, thus introduced into the city 
a couple of thousands of Irish youth, yet beardless, 
dressed as women, and concealing long Irish skeins 
or daggers in their skirts, with orders to assassinate 
the Danish officials in their tipsiness, and possess 
themselves of the guard-house. Successful in this, 
the conquerors gave the signal to an Irish band 
concealed in the adjoining woods ; and a massacre, 
only paralleled in contemporary annals by that 
instigated by Ethelred in England, was the con- 
sequence. 



INTRODUCTION VU 

" One of the Irish boys who on that fatal 
night entered Limerick as liberators, was Anselan 
Buey Okyan, pronounced Buey O'Kane, and cor- 
rupted into Buchanan. These Okyans are reputed 
to belong to the Milesian stem of the Irish nobility. 

" This somewhat traditional massacre must 
have occurred at the opening of the eleventh century 
— for in 1016 Anselan Buey Okyan (or Anselan 
O'Kane the Fair) emigrated to Scotland, where he 
was introduced by a nobleman, probably one of 
the ancient earls of Lennox, to King Malcolm II., 
who employed him in service against the Danes, 
then under the famous Canute, to whom tradition 
attributes the story of Canute and the sea. Having 
won honorable distinction in several battles with 
the Danes, the young adventurer was granted 
estates in the North of Scotland, inclusive probably 
of Pitwhondy and Strathyre, and a coat of arms, 
which is substantially the present blazon, and is 
described as : Or, a lion rampant sable, armed and 
langued gules, holding in his dexter paw a sabre 
proper. 

" Descended from the Ulster Irish princes 
what insignia belonged to Okyan previous to this 
grant, annals have left no record; and thus the 
family dates from the Scottish stem of Anselan 
the Fair, with estates in the north about the year 
1 125 — possibly a trifle later, possibly a trifle earlier. 

" It was first a dependence of the earls of 
Lennox, but never assumed any of the armorial 
designations of that ancient Scottish family, 
though this was the custom in those days, as is 
evidenced by the fact that most of the surnames 
of Teviotdale and Douglassdale assume parts of 
the Douglass arms, and those of Murrayland the 
arms of the Murrays. 

" Tradition records that Anselan Okyan mar- 
ried one Dennistoun, by whom he had a son named 



Viii INTRODUCTION 

John, in whose favor Alcuin, Earl of Lennox, made 
a grant of the Wester Main. Third in order comes 
another Anselan, and is succeeded by Walter as 
fourth lord, his son Girald (or Bernard) succeeding 
to the title, to be succeeded by Macbeath, of which 
Macbeth is a Shakespearian form. Anselan son 
of Macbeath, and seventh lord, was again the 
recipient of a grant from the Earl of Lennox, of 
an island in Lake Lomond. The grant, dated 
1225, identifies the island as Clareinch, a dissyllable 
that afterward became the war-cry or slogan of 
the Okyans, the passing of which from mouth to 
mouth was the signal for all the effective forces of 
Okyans to rendezvous on the shore in sight of 
the island-seat of the family. This slogan was 
superseded by the fire-cross signal, which consisted 
of a faggot crossed at the end, with a bar marked 
at the extremities by fire. Gilbert, son of the 
last-named, and first to assume the surname of 
Buchanan, was succeeded by Sir Maurice, who 
had three sons — Maurice, his successor; Allan, who 
married the heiress of Lenny ; and John the reputed 
ancestor of a third ramification of this antique 
family. 

" The second Sir Maurice was contemporary 
with Robert Bruce and the famous Sir William 
Wallace; and the annals record that the former, 
after his defeat at Dalree, by Macdougal of Lorn 
and his adherents, wandered alone and on foot to 
Lake Lomond, where he was secreted by Sir 
Maurice, after lying over night at King's Cave, 
near that sheet, with which is associated the legend 
of the spider; and finally conveyed to a place of 
safety. Then comes another Walter, a second 
John, and then the famous Sir Alexander, through 
whose valor the battle of Bauge was won to the 
Scots and the dauphin of France in the year 1420. 
He engaged the English general, the Duke of 



INTRODUCTION ix 

Clarence, in single combat, and, slaying him, turned 
the tide of victory. For this service the dauphin 
rewarded him with the following addition to the 
family arms: — A second tressure round the field, 
flowered and counterflowered, with fleurs de lis of 
the second, and in a crest a hand coupee holding a 
duke's coronet, with two laurel branches wreathed 
round the same; which addition was retained by 
the Buchanans ever after. Alexander fell at the 
battle of Vemoil in 1424, and was succeeded by 
Sir Walter, his brother, to whom Lennox granted 
the estate of Ledlewan, who married Isabel, 
daughter of the Duke of Albany. 

" From the third son of this Sir Walter comes 
the Carbeth limb of the family tree, whence its 
known American representatives are descended. 

*' The family has, since the days of the histo- 
rian of Scotland, bom in 1506, held the position 
of one of the most illustrious literary families of 
Scotland, having been identified from George, the 
author of " De Sphaera," " De Jure Regni apud 
Scotos," to the present day, with Scottish historical 
writing and the poetry of the North. In the time 
of the Reformation George Buchanan was, next to 
John Knox, its ablest advocate. 

** The Carbeth sHrps, one of the six descended 
from the famous Anselan, dates from Sir Thomas 
of Gartincaber, who acquired Carbeth about the 
year 1476, and had two sons, Thomas and John, 
and was succeeded by the former. Three Thomases 
of Carbeth follow, then three Johns and one Wil- 
liam, which brings the record within the limits of 
the present century. 

** From the third cadet of the Carbeth stem 
came John of Blairluisk, whose first son, George, 
relinquishing his Scottish honors, emigrated to 
Ireland, and settled in Tyrone county. Of his 
four sons, John and William erected families in 



X INTRODUCTION 

the county of Tyrone, George in Munster, and 
Thomas in Donegal. William was succeeded by 
his son Patrick, who in his turn was succeeded by 
Robert, the ancestor of the Pennsylvania stock 
centred in Meadville. Robert had two sons — 
Thomas, late a military celebrity in Cumberland 
county, Penn., and Alexander. 

'* A second American stock, representative of 
the Carbeth lords, descends from George of Munster, 
is located at Louisville, Ky., and was, in 1857, 
represented by two brothers, George and Andrew; 
while from Thomas of Donegal was descended the 
late President of the United States, James Buchan- 
an ; a namesake, James Buchanan, recently British 
Consul at the port of New York, was descended 
from John of Tyrone. Belonging to this branch 
also are the Buchanans of Northern New York; 
Thomas, who married a kinswoman, a Livingstone; 
their son George, who was the father of the well- 
known authoress, Mrs. Gildersleeve Longs treet, of 
New York city. 

" Thomas of Cumberland county had four 
daughters, who were all living in 1857, but without 
issue. Alexander, of the same county, was the 
father of five sons and two daughters, to wit, 
Robert, James, Mary, Alexander, Thomas, Sarah, 
and John, of whom Robert, the eldest, removed 
to Cincinnati, carrying the stock West; four died 
early, and, John excepted, without issue, and two, 
Alexander and Mary, settled at Meadville. Robert 
of Cincinnati left one son, Charles M., married 
about the year 1856; Alexander, the third son, 
had five sons and four daughters; John left one 
daughter; Mary, who married a Mr. Compton, 
had three sons and four daughters; and Sarah, 
whose husband was Dr. Ellis, of Meadville, left a 
daughter. 

" To return to the direct line. Sir Walter was 
succeeded by his eldest son, Patrick, who in turn 



INTRODUCTION Xl 

resigned the lordship to his son Walter, the fourth 
of the name, in 1474. The next in the succession 
was Patrick, the second of the name, whose wife 
was daughter of the Earl of Argyle. After George, 
the seventeenth laird, came John, who married a 
daughter of Lord Livingstone. The succession was 
continued regularly to the twenty-second laird, 
who was John, the third of the name, and who 
married for first wife Mary, daughter of Lord Henry 
Cardross, and died in 1682, leaving two daughters. 
With him the lairdship, after continuing in the 
name six hundred and sixty-five years without 
interruption, expired, the estates having been put 
out of entail by his immediate predecessors, and 
now became entirely alienated, and the title, 
" Buchanan of that Ilk," extinct. The estates 
passed into the hands of the Duke of Montrose. 

" At the present time many of the name of 
Buchanan hold possessions within the bounds of 
the old clan and the vicinity, and the descendants 
of the cadets of the old lairds keep the estates 
which have remained in the families for hundreds 
of years. Among the latter are Ampryor, Lennie, 
Carbeth, Auchmar and others. 

" Buchanan of Lennie claims to be the present 
chief. 

" The clan plaid or tartan of the Buchanans 
is green, red, and yellow, with chequers of medium 
size. The badge worn in the bonnet is a sprig 
of the large bilberry. 

" The paternal arms have descended with 
trifling alteration for eight and a-half centuries, 
reckoning to the present date. The blazon, as 
seen in the engraving, is described as follows: — 

" Or, a lion rampant sable, armed and langued 
gules, within a double tressure, flowered and 
counterflowered with fleur de lis of the second. 

** Crest: a hand couped holding up a ducal 



xil INTRODUCTION 

coronet proper, with a laurel wreath inclosing it, 
disposed orleways proper. 

** Supporters: two falcons garnished or. 

"Ancient motto above the crest: * Audaces 
Juvo.' I favor the daring. 

" Modern motto in compartment: * Clarior 
Hinc Honos,' From this a brighter honor.'* 

As the above article shows, certain branches 
of the family migrated to Ireland, the most notable 
of which were the cadets of Carbeth and Spittal. 
It is difficult to fix the exact date of these migra- 
tions which took place towards the latter part of 
the seventeenth century, but they were probably 
the result of the Plantation of Ulster begun by 
King James I, in 1611. "The success of the 
" plantation," says Charles George Walpole in his 
Short History of the Kingdom of Ireland (1882), 
" became apparent in a few years, when commis- 
" sioners were sent down to inspect the progress 
" which was being made. The English and Scotch 
" gentry who had taken up the land, were bona 
''fide occupying it with their wives and families. 
" The Londoners had fortified Derry — London 
" Derry, as thenceforth it was called — with ram- 
" parts twelve feet thick, drawbridges, and battle- 
" mented gates. Fair castles, handsome mansions, 
" and substantial farm-buildings were springing up 
" in every part of the country; * fulling mills ' and 
** * com mills ' were utilizing the ample water- 
-power; windmills were spinning on the rising 
** ground; lime kilns were smoking, in preparation 



INTRODUCTION Xlli 

*' for more extensive building operations. There 
" were smiling gardens and orchards and fields 
''in ' good tillage after the English manner.' 
" Market towns and villages were rising, with 
" paved streets and well-built houses and churches ; 
" schools and bridges were in course of construc- 
" tion." 

The County of Tyrone appears to have been 
the chief place of settlement of the Buchanans, 
and there were several distinct families of that 
name living about Fintona and Omagh. In 1691 
a George Buchanan was High Sheriff of County 
Fermanagh, and he is apparently the same George 
Buchanan whose name appears on the list of those 
attainted by King James II, in his Parhament held 
in Dublin in 1689, belonging to the counties of 
Fermanagh and Tyrone, as given by Dr. WilHam 
King, Dean of St. Patrick's, in the Appendix to 
his work on the State of the Protestants in Ireland, 
where it is given as ** George Bochanon of En- 
niskilling, Esq." 

The writer wishes to offer his grateful 
thanks to those members of the family who so 
kindly answered his enquiries and gave him in- 
formation regarding their different branches. 

ist October, 191 i. 



LIFE 

OF 

Alexander Buchanan, Q.C 



CHAPTER I. 

Alexander Buchanan, the subject of this 
Sketch, was descended from the old Scotch family 
of Buchanan of Blairvocky.^ The estate of Blair- 
vocky was situated at the foot of Ben Uird, or 
Blairvocky Hill, in the neighbourhood of Loch 
Lomond, in the Trossachs. The last representa- 
tive of this family, William Buchanan, last Laird 
of Blairvocky, towards the close of the sixteenth 
century, sold his estate and went to Ireland, where 
he settled in the vicinity of Omagh, in the County 
of Tyrone. 

Alexander Buchanan was the eldest son of 
Doctor John Buchanan, of His Majesty's 49th 
Regiment of Foot, who was born in the year 1769, 
at Eccles Green, near Fintona, in the County of 



(*) The name "Blairvocky" or " Blairvockie " means bushy 
plain — plain full of cottages— or the place where the roebuck feeds. 



2 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

Tyrone, where his father, Alexander Buchanan, 
lived. This Alexander Buchanan, who was 
descended in a direct line from the above William 
Buchanan, last Laird of Blairvocky, is called of 
Ednasop or Milltown, having obtained a lease of 
the premises of Milltown in the year 1783. Mill- 
town is the old name of Ednasop, a townland 
adjoining Fintona, and now forming part of the 
town. He had previously lived at Eccles Green 
in the townland of Donacavey, distant about one 
mile from Fintona. 

Samuel Burdy, who has been called "an Irish 
Boswell," writing, in 1792, in his "Life of the 
late Revd. Philip Skelton," Rector of Fintona 
from 1766 to 1780, thus describes Fintona as it 
appeared at that time : — 

"Fintona is a market-town in the County of Tyrone, 
five miles distant from Omagh. The proper name of the 
parish is Donacavey, but as Fintona is the market-town, 
the parish by custom assumes that name. It is six miles 
square, and though of a coarse soil was even then tolerably 
well cultivated. It also has two hundred acres of glebe, 
seventy of which lie near the town, but the rest is moun- 
tainous, and consequently of little value. A third part of 
the parish is tithe-free, which made the living, though so 
large, and with such a glebe, worth scarce five hundred a 
year .... There is a market in Fintona every 
Friday, and also some stated fairs in the 3^ear, when they 
usually have violent quarrels. The twenty-second of June 
is a remarkably quarreling fair. But they were then even 
more furious quarrellers than at present, as the private 
stills were more numerous, and of course the people more 
disorderly." 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 3 

In the town of Fintona, Burdy says, the peo- 
ple were almost all Presbyterians, but in a short 
time Skelton brought over nearly the whole of 
these to the Established church. 

A recent description says : — 

"The town of Fintona is situate in the southern por- 
tion of the County Tyrone. It stands on the property of 
the late John S. Eccles, Esq., D.L. Its ancient castle, of 
probably Elizabethan times, is now in utter ruin; but its 
situation was admirably adapted to overawe and com- 
mand the entire town." 

Alexander Buchanan of Ednasop died in 1810, 
at the advanced age of 94 years. His death is 
said to have been caused by breaking his leg. 
His wife, Jane, died in 1790, aged 51 years. 
Besides their son John, they had Beavor, William, 
George and Mary. Beavor and William lived at 
Fintona, and George at Omagh. The daughter 
Mary married Mr. Gerrard Irvine and lived at 
Lisnagore, Irvine's Town, near Omagh. ^ 

John Buchanan, the father of Alexander Bu- 
chanan, the subject of this Sketch, having studied 
for the medical profession, for which he appears 



(*) William Buchanan of Fintona died in 1834, aged 70 years. 

Beavor Buchanan of Fintona died unmarried in 1836, aged 69 
years. 

George Buchanan, of Omagh, died unmarried in 1843, aged 73 
years. 

Mrs. Irvine died in 1841, aged 72 years. 

William Buchanan of Fintona left four sons: (1) Alexander 
Buchanan of Ednasop. who died unmarried in 1856. aged 47 years; 
(2) John Buchanan, of Ednasop, who died unmarried in 1853, aged 
43 years; (3) Beavor Buchanan, of TuUybroom, who died unmar- 
ried in 1856, aged 44 years, and (4) George Buchanan, of Ednasop 
and TuUybroom. who died unmarried in 1890. 



4 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

to have been eminently qualified, entered the 
army and became in due course Surgeon of the 
49th Regiment of Foot. It is not known now 
where he studied medicine and surgery. In those 
days, in order to qualify for the post of army 
surgeon, it was necessary to pass the College of 
Surgeons: its Court of Examiners had to ex- 
amine all army and navy surgeons, their assistants 
and mates, and also to inspect their instruments. 
He was present with his Regiment, commanded 
by Lieut. -Colonel Isaac Brock, afterward Sir 
Isaac Brock, at the celebrated attack of Copen- 
hagen, by Lord Nelson, on the 2nd of April, 1801. 
Of this battle Tupper, in his Life of Sir Isaac 
Brock, says: — 

"On the 27th February of that year (1801) the 49th 
regiment, then about 760 rank and file, embarked at Ports- 
mouth on board Nelson's squadron there, which got under 
weigh at daylight the next morning, and proceeded to 
the Downs. The squadron next sailed for Yarmouth 
roads, where his lordship placed himself under Sir Hyde 
Parker, the commander-in-chief of the fleet destined for 
the Baltic. Nelson was anxious to proceed with the utmost 
dispatch, and with such ships as were in readiness, to the 
Danish capital, so as to anticipate by the rapidity of his 
movements the formidable preparations for defence which 
the Danes had scarcely thought of at that early season; 
but to his annoyance, the fleet, which consisted of about 
fifty sail, of which forty -one pendants, including sixteen 
of the Une, did not leave Yarmouth roads until the 12th 
of March. The land forces were equally distributed on 
board of the line of battleships. On the 15th the fleet was 
in some measure scattered by a heavy gale of wind, which 
prevented its reaching the Naze until the i8th. The next 




DOCTOR JOHx\ BUCHANAN, 
49th Regiment of Foot. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C 5 

day the fleet appears to have been purposely detained off 
the Scaw, and did not reach Elsinore until the 24th. Here 
a few days were lost in deliberation, and it was not until 
the 30th of March that the fleet proceeded through the 
Sound with a top-sail breeze from N.W. The semi-circular 
form of the land of Elsinore, which was thickly studded 
with batteries, caused the ships to pass in a form truly 
picturesque and nearly similar, but the forbearance of the 
Swedes, who did not fire a gun, happily enabled them to 
incline towards the Swedish shore, so as to avoid the Danish 
shot, which fell in showers, but at least a cable's length 
from the ships. The whole fleet came to an anchor about 
mid-day between the island of Huen and Copenhagen, 
and it was soon perceived that the various delays had en- 
abled the Danes to line the shoals near the Crown batteries, 
and the front of the harbour with a formidable flotilla. 
When the preparations for the attack were completed, 
Lieut. -Colonel Brock was appointed to lead the 49th in 
storming the principal Treckroner or Crown battery, in 
conjunction with five hundred seamen under Captain Fre- 
mantle, as soon as its fire of nearly seventy guns should 
be silenced; but the protracted and heroic defence of the 
Danes rendering the attempt impracticable, Colonel Brock, 
during the hard-fought battle, remained on board the 
"Ganges" of 74 guns, commanded by Captain Fremantle, 
with the hght Company and the band; and at its close 
he accompanied Captain Fremantle to the "Elephant" 
74, Nelson's flag ship, where he saw the hero write his 
celebrated letter to the Crown Prince of Denmark." 

In the spring of 1802, John Buchanan came 
to Canada with the 49th on the staff of Lieut. - 
Colonel Brock. The regiment was stationed at 
different times at Montreal, York, Fort George 
and Quebec.^ In 1803, being ordered to move 

( * ) The facings of the 49th Regiment were full green, white lace with 
two red and one green stripe. After thirteen years service in Can- 
ada the Regiment wasembarked for England on the 25th May. 1816. 



6 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C, 

with his regiment to Fort George, he was com- 
pelled to leave his wife, who was in bad healthy 
at Three Rivers, where her illness soon after 
proved fatal. He was very intimate with Brock, 
who had a high opinion of him. They were of 
the same age. 

Under date 26th February, 1803, Brock writes 
as follows from Montreal to Major Green, the 
Military Secretary: — 

"Hospital Mate Buchanan will accompany the detach- 
ment going to Fort George. The uncommon healthy state 
of the garrison has enabled me to comply with that gentle- 
man's desire of going for a few weeks to Three Rivers 
where he is likely to be of great utility and service in his 
profession. I cannot speak too highly of his attentions 
and merit, and as he has a wife and three small children 
to maintain, I presume in his behalf to entreat the Lieu- 
tenant-General to sanction his receiving the different allow- 
ances, to which he would have been entitled, had he re- 
mained stationed here, and if it were possible to permit 
his returning with the detachment of the 41st Regiment, 
it would be conferring an additional and great obligation 
on himself and family." 

Brock writes on the 19th February, 1804, from 
Fort George to Major Green, — 

"Thinking that Doctor Walsh would certainly be here. 
Doctor Buchanan made the necessary arrangements to 
begin his journey on this day, I have not therefore thought 
it necessary to disappoint him, there being few in hospital 
and Doctor Kerr having offered to give his attendance as 
long as it was required. 

The very great attention which Doctor Buchanan has 
given to his duty since he has been attached to the 49th 
Regiment, and the superior professional abilities which he 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^, Q.C. 7 

unquestionably has, on different occasions, evinced, re- 
quire that his merit should he made known to General 
Hunter, which I request you to do accordingly." 

In a postscript which reveals Brock's kindly 
disposition, he says: — 

"If you possibly can prevail on some good natured 
soul, to assist Mr. Buchanan with a seat to Kingston, you 
will confer a great obligation on a very worthy man. This 
I insert without his knowledge." 

William Foster Coffin, in his "War of 1812/' 
writes of Brock: — 

"Like the white horse in a battlepiece by Wouvermans, 
in every deUneation of this war, Isaac Brock stands forth 
from the canvas, the central figure and commanding feature 
of the scene. It will not be uninteresting, therefore, to 
offer, at the outset, a brief sketch of his earlier career. He 
was bom in the Island of Guernsey, in 1769, the year which 
gave birth to Napoleon and Wellington. He was de- 
scended from an old and respected family. He obtained 
his first commission in 1785, served in the West Indies, 
was promoted rapidly, thanks to the havoc of the climate; 
and, by the force of a vigorous constitution, survived to 
command the 49th Foot as senior Colonel in the expedition 
to Holland in 1799, where he made his mark under adverse 
circumstances. In 1801 he was selected with his regiment 
to serve under Lord Nelson, in his memorable attack on 
Copenhagen. In 1802, Brock accompanied his regiment 
to Canada, and was, for the next ten years of his Hfe, iden- 
tified with the existence of a country which he ultimately 
governed wisely, defended nobly, and which points to his 
grave as the monument of his glory. He was a man of 
natural capacity, self -cultivated, resolute and endowed re- 
markably with the qualities of forethought and foresight. 
His correspondence, imperfectly preserved, makes us regret 
that so much should have been lost. These memorials of 
an honest, modest and truly brave nature, have furnished 



8 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

the greater part of these details. In person he was tall 
and athletic, with a commanding bearing and gentle man- 
ner. In private life he was irreproachable, universally 
respected by those who did not know him, and loved by 
those who did. His public life speaks for itself." 

In the year 1805 Doctor Buchanan was or- 
dered to York (now Toronto), having been 
selected by His Excellency, Lt.-General Hunter, 
Commander-in-Chief of His Majesty's Forces in 
the provinces of Upper and Lower Canada, to be 
his medical adviser. But apparently he was later 
ordered to St. Johns, as on the i8th July of that 
year he memorializes General Hunter asking 
not to be sent to St. Johns and stating, 
**my pride was flattered on being ordered to York. 
' ' There I had every prospect of gaining something 
**from my professional labours, and besides, the 
** ultimate advantage, which must attend the per- 
"son whom your Excellency selects to wait on 
*'your person." His wish was evidently grati- 
fied and he seems to have remained at Quebec. 
The death of General Hunter which took place 
suddenly at 4 o'clock in the forenoon of the 21st 
of August, 1805, during one of his official visits 
to Quebec as Commander-in-Chief may have had 
some effect on Doctor Buchanan not proceeding 
to St. Johns. He permanently settled in Quebec, 
where he soon acquired a large and lucrative 
practice. He was one of the Surgeons appointed 
to examine those who applied to be Licensed as 
Physicians and Surgeons, or as it is now called 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 9 

Board of Examiners, which appointment he held 
at the time of his death. In 1815, the other 
members at Quebec, were James Fisher, M.D., 
James Macaulay, WiUiam Holmes and Thomas 
Lloyd. 

His practice was not confined to the city but 
extended to the country. In the inventory of the 
succession of Jacques Nicolas Perrault, Seigneur 
of River Quelle, who died on August 5th, 181 2, 
his account for professional services rendered 
amounted to ;£42. 7-2. He was distinguished for 
his professional ability. It is said that on one 
occasion he was summoned from Quebec to 
attend the Governor at Niagara, in those days 
of slow locomotion an arduous undertaking. De 
Gaspe, in his Memoires, in narrating the circum- 
stances of the death of the Honourable Charles 
Tarrieu de Lanaudiere, which took place at Que- 
bec in the autumn of the year 181 1, mentions 
Doctor Buchanan: — 

"Being seventy years old at the time of his tragic 
death, Mr. de Lanaudiere was yet full of vigor and still 
rode on horseback with as much ease as a young man. 
Being invited to dine at Notre Dame de Foi at the house 
of a Mr. Ritchie, he offered a scat in his gig to his friend, 
George Brown, whose son, a Colonel in the English Army, 
has since played a certain role in the trial of Queen Caro- 
line, the wife of George IV. A young groom on horseback 
followed the carriage. 

"Doctor Buchanan, a friend of Mr. de Lanaudiere, 
observed to him during the dinner that he was eating fish 
that was half cooked, which was very indigestible. 



lO ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

" 'Bah!' said he, *I am very hungry. I have never 
had indigestion in my Hfe, and I shall certainly not begin 
to have it now at my age.' 

"As they were leaving towards midnight, Mr. de Lanau- 
di^re gave orders to his servant to drive Mr. Brown home, 
while he would return on horseback. *lt is such a fine 
night, said he, 'that it will be a pleasant ride for me.' 
The young groom on his return to the house, unharnessed 
the horse, and went into the house to await his master, 
but unfortunately fell asleep. 

"Between five and six o'clock in the morning a ser- 
vant of Bishop Mountain's going to a farm belonging to 
his master, perceived a horse, which was calmly feeding 
near the inanimate body of a man covered with hoar 
frost. For by a cruel fatality, although it was only in 
the beginning of September, there had been a hard frost 
during the night. Great was the surprise of this man in 
recognizing in this spot and at this hour Mr. de Lanaudi^re. 

"Nevertheless, it was he who lay inanimate on that 
same battle field where half a century before he had fought ; 
on the very spot, perhaps, from which his bleeding body 
had been carried to the General Hospital. 

"Seeing that he was still alive, this man hastened to 
loosen his cravat; and Mr. de Lanaudi^re recovered con- 
sciousness. He survived this accident three weeks, but 
spoke very little. The physicians were of the opinion that 
he would have recovered his health had it not been for the 
intense cold to which he had been exposed for almost six 
hours." 

During the latter part of his life, Doctor 
Buchanan lived at No. 17 Parloir Street, at Que- 
bec, which he had bought on the 2nd February, 
181 1. On the site of this house now stands 
the Archbishopric of Quebec. Here he had for 
neighbour the Honourable Francois Baby. This 
house was sold on the gth May, 18 15, for fourteen 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. II 

thousand dollars. In the Quebec Mercury of 
Tuesday the i6th May, 1815, appeared the follow- 
ing notice which gives some idea of his style of 
living : — 

"On Wednesday next the 17th instant at the house 
No. 17 Rue du Parloir, next door to the Honourable Frans. 
Baby, at one o'clock, the valuable household furniture of 
Doctor Buchanan, consisting of mahogany bedsteads, 
Chests of Drawers, Sideboard, Dining, Card and Break- 
fast tables, Sofas, Chairs, Carpets, Feather Beds, Matrasses, 
Silver Spoons, Plated Candlesticks, Knives and Forks, 
Decanters, Glasses, a blue China Table Sett, a Glass Dessert 
Ditto, a handsome Grate, Stoves, Kitchen Utensils, etc., 
also, — 

Port, Madeira, Sherry, Claret and Albaflor, Wines of a 
Superior quality ; 

A few medical books and book case; 

A considerable quantity of drugs; 

A cow and calf; 

Cariole, harnesses, saddles and bridles; 

Carts and a great variety of other articles." 

In " Maple Leaves, " Sir James Lemoine 
writes : — 

"The Abb6 (Casgrain) thus describes Parloir Street — 
a narrow thoroughfare which skirts the very wall of the 
Ursuline Chapel, where the gallant rival of Wolfe has 
slumbered for 133 years in the grave scooped out by an 
English shell: "Little Parloir Street was one of the chief 
centres where (in 1 758-59) the beau monde of Quebec as- 
sembled ; two salons were in special request ; that of Madame 
de la Naudi^re and that of Madame de Beaubassin; both 
ladies were famed for their wit and beauty. Montcalm 
was so taken up with these salons that in his correspondence 
he went to the trouble of locating the exact spot which each 



12 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

house occupied; one, says he, stood at the comer of the 
street facing the UrsuUne Convent, the other, at the cor- 
ner of Parloir and St. Louis Street. Madame de la Nau- 
di^re, n4e Genevieve de Boishebert, was a daughter of the 
Seigneur of River Quelle, and Madame Hertel de Beaubas- 
sin, nde Catherine Janet de Verch^res, was a daughter of the 
Seigneur of Verch^res. Their husbands held commissions 
as officers in the Canadian Militia. It was also in Parloir 
street that Madame P^an, often referred to in Montcalm's 
letters, held her brilliant court." 

Doctor Buchanan married, first, Lucy Rich- 
ardson, who was bom in England, and came 
with him to Canada, and died at Three Rivers 
on the 25th November, 1803. At the time of 
his wife's death he was Assistant-Surgeon to the 
49th and Hospital Mate on the Staff of Canada, 
and on duty at Fort George. The certificate 
of her burial pathetically records that no re- 
lations were present.^ 

The personality of Lucy Richardson seems 
to have passed away into oblivion. It is 
not known where she was bom, who were 



(^) The Revd. R. Q. Short officiated at her burial and Louis 
Gugy and Alex. Clifford signed the Register as witnesses. 

The Hon. Louis Gugy was the son of Col. Barthelomew Gugy, 
an officer in the French Service who came to Canada. His uncle, 
the Hon. Conrad Gugy became an officer in the English Service in 
Canada, and at one time owned the St. Maurice Forges at Three 
Rivers, and was Seigneur of the Fiefs of DuMontier. Grand Pr^ and 
Gros Bois. He was also a member of the Executive and Legislative 
Councils. He died at Montreal on the 10th April, 1786. Louis Gugy 
was appointed Sheriff of Three Rivers on the 13th August. 1805, 
and on the breaking out of the war in 1812 he resigned his office to 
command the Militia. After the war he was elected a member of 
the House of Assembly and on the 3rd March, 1827, he was ap- 
pointed Sheriff of Montreal, which he held until 1837. He died in 
July, 1840. He was the father of the Hon. Bartholemi Conrad 
Augustus Gugy. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. I3 

her people, the circumstances of her betrothal, 
or the date and place of her marriage. Her 
very features have as it were mysteriously 
disappeared. A miniature of Lucy Richardson 
was in the possession of the family until the 
1 6th of December, 1827, when ''the house ad- 
joining the shipyard of Messrs. Hart Logan & 
Co. (at Montreal) formerly used as St. Mary's 
Foundry," and then occupied by Alexander Bu- 
chanan, the subject of this Memoir, " was broken 
into by some robbers," and the "miniature was 
carried off." A reward of five pounds ''was 
offered to be paid on the apprehension and con- 
viction of the depredators," but apparently with- 
out success. 

By this marriage there were three children : — 

1. Alexander Buchanan, the subject of this Sketch. 

2. John Buchanan, born at Ipswich, in England,- in 
the year 1800. He was educated at Quebec, and on the 
25th January, 1815, received from Sir George Prevost, a 
commission as Lieutenant in the Canadian Voltigeurs under 
Lieut.-Colonel de Salaberry. On the 25th July, 18 15, he 
retired on half pay, and about 1820, he engaged in the 
lumber business on the Ottawa in partnership with William 
Coflfin. He married at L'Orignal, U.C, on the 20th August, 
1829, Catherine Grant, daughter of Hon. Alexander Grant, 
of Duldregan House, near L'Orignal, in Upper Canada, 
and died at Niagara Falls, Upper Canada, in December, 
1837, He had issue. — 

(i) Lucy, who died young, in 1847.; 

(2) Jane Louise Buchanan, unmarried, of L'Orignal; 

(3) Alexander Grant Buchanan, of Brooklyn, N.Y., 
bom at Clarence, U.C, on ist November, 1833; 
married, in 1878, Anna Field, but has no issue. 



14 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

3. Jane Mary, bom on the 25th December, 1801, at 
Chelsea, in England, and baptized on the 17th January, 
1802, in the Parish Church of St. Luke, Chelsea. On the 
death of her father's second wife she made her home with 
the Perraults, with whom she lived until her marriage on 
the 3rd November, 1820, at Quebec, to Captain WilUam 
Hall, widower. She died on the 30th March, 1872, at 
Hamilton, Ont., They had issue: — 

(i) Georgiana, born 14th September, 1823, at Que- 
bec; married at Hamilton, U.C., on 12th September, 
185 1, to Daniel Stuart Busteed, merchant, at that 
time of Montreal and later of Cross Point, Que. She 
died on September 26th, 1895, ^^ Restigouche, P.Q., 
leaving issue: — 

(i) Agnes Mary; (2) Emma Jane. 

(2) James, born in 1824 a-t Quebec, and died the 
same year. 

(3) Agnes Margaret, bom 8th January, 1826, in 
Greenock, Scotland, married on June 24th, 1846, to 
John Clark, of Ross-shire, Scotland, and later of Cleve- 
land, Ohio, and died there on June, 1901, leaving 
issue: — i. Agnes Dyherr, died in i85i;(2) John Bu- 
chanan, born 9th November, 1849, ^t Hamilton, U.C., 

(3) Jane Margaret McLeod, died January, 24th 1895; 

(4) Catharine Lucy Leigh, died in 1857; (5) Georgiana; 
(6) Mary Alexandrina; (7) Florence, died in 1863; (8) 
William Hall, died in 1864. 

(4) William, bom in 1834, at Sorel, and died in 
1854, at Bahia, South America. 

Doctor Buchanan married secondly, on the 
14th February, 1809, at Quebec, Ursule Perrault, 
daughter of the Hon. Joseph Francois Perrault, 
for many years Prothonotary of the Court of 
King's Bench for the District of Quebec. At this 
time he was forty years of age. They were 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 1 5 

married by the Revd. Salter Jehosaphat Moun- 
tain, officiating Anglican Minister at Quebec, in 
the presence of Joseph Francois Perrault, father; 
Joseph Perrault, Junior, brother, Hon. Francois 
Baby, uncle, and the Hon. Oliver Perrault, Louis 
Perrault, Jean Baptiste D'Estimauville, Grand 
Voyer of the District of Quebec, Hon. Jean Bap- 
tiste Le Comte Dupre, Seigneur of St. Francis 
and D'Argenteuil and Charles Voyer, cousins of 
the bride. She was bom on the 4th August, 1785, 
and died of consumption the same year as she 
was married, and was buried on the 28th De- 
cember, 1809, in the Catholic Church at Quebec. 
Doctor Buchanan had also a son named 
George, bom at Quebec in August, 1805. This 
George was, by his father's will, left the simi of 
five hundred pounds, which was to be put out 
at interest and secured on good landed property, 
the interest to be applied to his support and 
education, until he was twenty -one years old, 
when he was to receive the principal. After his 
father's death, he went to live with Mr. Joseph 
Francois Perrault. He was educated at Dr. 
Wilkie's school at Quebec, and on the 31st July, 
182 1, was indentured by his brother, Alexander 
Buchanan, Advocate, then of Montreal, to Mr. 
Perrault, as law student and clerk, Mr. Perrault 
agreeing to teach him the law and the practice of 
advocate, solicitor and counsel, besides "lodg- 
ing, heating and nourishing him," and allowing 
him to keep for his own maintenance the thirty 



l6 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

pounds of annual revenue which he had. He 
appears to have given up the law and studied 
medicine, but abandoning this also, he studied 
navigation, and in 1822 left Canada on a sea voy- 
age. He returned in 1828 and left again in 1830. 
He died at Liverpool on the 25th October, 1870, 
aged 65 years, leaving a son, George Buchanan, 
now living at Liscard, near Liverpool, in Eng- 
land, from whom the following account of his 
father has been received: — 

"My father should have been a doctor, but unfortun- 
ately he was placed with an undesirable man in Quebec, 
whose name I forget, and being left very much to himself, 
and coming into contact with sea-going men, he left his 
occupation and ran away to sea. Some years after he re- 
turned to Canada and joined his brother John, who was 
then lumbering in the backwoods, and remained with him 
until John married. My father again took a roving com- 
mission, following the sea until 1846, when he married my 
mother, a native of Milford Haven. He took one more 
voyage to sea, and in the following year settled down in 
Liverpool, where he resided until his death in 1870, at the 
age of 65. Whilst following the sea, he spent a consider- 
able time in the British Navy." 

The Doctor died at the residence of Mr. Per- 
rault, at Quebec, on the i6th October, 1815. By 
his Will, five hundred pounds was left to his son 
George, and the rest of his estate to ''Alexander, 
''John and Jane Mary Buchanan, his three chil- 
"dren, issue of his lawful marriage with the late 
"Lucy Richardson, his late wife, deceased, — to 
**be divided between them equally, share and 




DOCTOR JOHN BUCHANAN. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. VJ 

"share alike." He appointed "Joseph Fran- 
"cois Perrault, Esquire, one of the Prothono- 
"taries of His Majesty's Court of King's Bench, 
"and Andrew Stuart, Esq., Advocate, his friends" 
to be the executors of his will. Mr. Andrew 
Stuart was appointed tutor to Alexander and 
John, and Mr. J. F. Perrault to Jane and George, 
and Mr. Claude Denechau was appointed sub- 
tutor to the four children. 

The following notice appeared in the Quebec 
"Gazette" of Thursday, 19th October, 181 5: — 

"Died. On Monday night last, John Buchanan, 
Esq., late Surgeon on the Hospital Staff of the 
Army in Canada, and during several years one of 
the most respectable and extensive Medical Prac- 
titioners in this City." 

In appearance. Doctor Buchanan was tall. 
As he grew older, he stooped slightly. While a 
young man he had a high colour, and, as was the 
custom of the day, wore his hair in a queue. His 
features were rather small and regular, with firm 
lips. In later life his hair was white, his fore- 
head high and well developed. His face, which 
inclined to the lengthy oval, had a gentle and 
somewhat sad expression. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. K) 



CHAPTER II. 
1798-1819. 

ALEXANDER BUCHANAN'S BIRTH AND EDUCATION — 
HIS FELLOW STUDENTS AT WILKIE'S SCHOOL— HE 
STUDIES LAW AND IS ADMITTED TO THE BAR— HIS 
GREAT DILIGENCE. 



Alexander Buchanan was bom at Gosport, in 
England, on the 23rd April, 1798, and came with 
his parents to Canada in 1802. It is to be re- 
gretted that very little is known of his early life. 
All that can now be learned is that he went 
to the celebrated school of Dr. Daniel Wilkie, 
familiarly known as "Bon homme Wilkie,*'in Que- 
bec.^ At this school he had as classmates many 



0) Of Dr. Wilkie, Sir James Lemoine writes in "The Scot in 
New France " : — 

"There are indeed many Scotch names associated with our 
press. Space precludes us from enlarging more of this subject. 
We cannot, however, close this portion of our enquiry without 
naming Daniel Wilkie, LL.D., the editor of the 'Quebec Star,' — a 
literary gazette founded in 1818 — still better remembered as the 
esteemed instructor of Quebec youth for forty years. 

Dr. Wilkie was bom at Tollcross, in Scotland, in 1777, one year 
later than John Neilson; he settled in Quebec in 1803, and died 
here on the loth May, 1851. 

Among those present this evening, I see some of his former 
pupils. Alas ! the frost of years has silvered their locks I Dr. 
Wilkie ' broke the bread of science ' to several youths, who subse- 

3uently won honor among their fellow men. Among the illustrious 
ead, might be recalled (in the days when the able member for 
Birmingham, England, John Arthur Roebuck was indentured, at 
Quebec, in 18 18, as law student, to Thos. Gugy, Esq., Barrister, 
brother of Col. B. C. A. Gugy, late of Darnoc, Beauport), a favorite 
pupil of the Doctor, the late Hon. Judge Hy. Black, as well as the 
eminent jurist and scholar, Alex. Buchanan, Q.C, late of Montreal; 



20 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN,, Q.C. 

who later became distinguished. Among them 
was Henry Black, afterwards an eminent Queen's 
Counsel, and for many years Judge of the Vice- 
Admiralty Court in Quebec, whose judgments are 
remarkable for their learning. Chief Justice Duval 
and Judge John Samuel McCord, father of Mr. 
David Ross McCord, K.C., of Temple Grove, 
Montreal, were also among his school fellows. 
His brothers, John and George, were also edu- 
cated at this school. 

Here it was that Alexander Buchanan laid 
the foundation of his knowledge as a classical 
scholar, which even at that early day showed 
itself. In 1810, he won the First Prize for Greek. 
This was a Greek version of the New Testament, 
in which was written the following inscription: — 

"Alexandrum Buchananum ob 
insigne in discenda Linguae Graecae 
diligentiam et progressum super- 
iorem hoc praemio donavit." 

D. WiLKIE. 

Quebec, 

IX d. Cal. Jany., 18 10. 



Hon. Mr. Justice T. C. Aylwin, Judge Chas. Gates Holt. Among 
those still moving in our midst, one likes to point to Chief Justice 
Duval, Judges Andrew Stuart, George Okill Stuart, and Hon. J. 
Chapais, Hon. David A. Ross, Messrs. Francis and Henry Austin, 
Daniel McPherson, N.P., R. H. Russel, M.D., and John Russel of 
Toronto, M.D. 

Dr. Wilkie's pupils had the following truthful words inscribed 
on the monument tney erected to their patron in Mount Hermon 
Cemetery : — 

' He was a learned scholar 
An indefatigable student of philosophy and letters 

An able and successful instructor of youth 
Of genuine uprightness and guileless simplicity 
A devout, benevolent and public spirited man.' 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 21 

This volume was published in 1794, in London, 
and on the cover is printed the following: — 

A. B. 

1810. 

Olim Meminisse Juvabit. 

He was very fond of reading the ancient 
authors in the original. His aptitude in the study 
of languages was remarkable, and he became a 
fine linguist, being, of course thoroughly con- 
versant with French, which he spoke with great 
purity. He also knew German and Italian, and 
had a knowledge of Dutch, Spanish and Portu- 
guese. 

On leaving school, to use Burke's well-known 
words, *'he was bred to the law, which is, in my 
** opinion, one of the first and noblest of human 
''sciences — a science 'which does more to quicken 
^'and invigorate the understanding than all the 
"other kinds of learning put together; but it is 
"not apt except in persons very happily bom, 
"to open and to liberalize the mind exactly in 
"the same proportion." 

He entered on its study on the 27th April, 
18 14, at Quebec, when he was indentured to the 
distinguished Andrew Stuart, who was Solicitor 
General of Lower Canada from 1838 to 1840.^ 



(*) He was bom in 1786 and was the brother of the Hon. 
Tames Stuart. He was admitted to the Bar on the sth November, 
1807, appointed Solicitor General on the 25th October. 1838, and 
died on the 2l8t February. 1840. 



22 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

Doctor Buchanan, who was a party to his son's 
Articles of Clerkship, which he signed ''John 
Buchanan, M.D.," paid one hundred pounds to 
Andrew Stuart, who agreed to take and accept 
of the said Alexander Buchanan as his clerk dur- 
ing the said term of five years, and during the 
said term in the best manner that he can inform 
and instruct him in the profession, practice and 
business of an advocate, attorney and procter. 
He further agreed that at the end of the five 
years, at the request and costs of the said Alex- 
ander Buchanan, to use his best endeavours to 
procure him to be admitted and commissioned 
as an advocate, attorney and procter in His 
Majesty's Courts in the Province. 

He was admitted to the Bar on the 13th of 
May, 18 19, receiving his commission of advocate 
of Lower Canada from the Duke of Richmond, 
then Governor in Chief. 

About this time he formed the valuable habit 
of keeping common place books, remarkable 
proofs of his diligent and acquiring mind. With 
a view of forming his style, he made "transla- 
tions of various passages in the ancient authors 
but chiefly of the speeches in the writings of the 
ancient historians," as he himself entitles his 
transcript of them. Among these were the speech 
of Camillus to the Roman People on their in- 
tended emigration to Veii after the departure of 
the Gauls under Brennus, who had almost totally 
destroyed the City of Rome; Plato's defence of 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 23 

Socrates; from Livy, the trial of Demetrius upon 
a charge of parricide preferred against him by 
his brother Perseus; the First Oration of Demos- 
thenes against Phihp with introduction ; the battle 
of the Ticini between Scipio and Hannibal, Scipio's 
Harangue and Hannibal's address; the speech of 
M. V. Corvus to the seditious soldiers; on the 
Shortness of Human Life translated with another 
extract from the Greek of Mimemus, and the 
Falcon translated from Boccaccio's Decameron. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 2$ 



CHAPTER III. 

1819-1820. 

HE LEAVES FOR EUROPE— VISITS ST. PAUL'S CHURCH 
AND SEES SIR ISAAC BROCK'S MONUMENT — HIS 
DESCRIPTION OF THE POETS' CORNER IN WEST- 
MINSTER ABBEY — AT THE BRITISH MUSEUM AND 
EAST INDIA HOUSE — HE [GOES TO OXFORD AND 
ROOMS IN WORCESTER COLLEGE — HE DESCRIBES 
THE BODLEIAN LIBRARY, THE ASHMOLEIAN MUSE- 
UM WITH ITS CURIOSITIES, AND THE DIFFERENT 
CHURCHES AND COLLEGES — HIS SECOND VISIT TO 
OXFORD AND ITS VICINITY — HE GOES TO GOD- 
STOW TO SEE FAIR ROSAMOND'S TOMB — HE 
BREAKFASTS AT WOODSTOCK AND OBTAINS AD- 
MISSION TO BLENHEIM— HE SEES SHAKESPEARE'S 
BIRTHPLACE. 



After being called to the Bar, and receiving 
his share of his father's estate, he decided to spend 
a year in travel, and, "On Sunday the third day 
of October, 1819," he writes in the very valuable 
Journal which he kept during his travels, and has 
left, ''at about five o'clock in the afternoon, I 
sailed from Quebec on board the ship 'Pusey Hall,' 
Capt. Forster, bound for London." 

On the nth of November, five pounds of 
biscuits were, he says, served out as an allowance 
to each man for a week, and on the i8th of that 
month, he says, ** being short of provision we 
were this day put upon the allowance of one 
biscuit and a short allowance of meat." 



26 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

The voyage, which was otherwise uneventful, 
lasted seven weeks, and on Monday, the 22nd 
November, he landed at Dover and dined at 
Steriken's New London Tavern. At 5 p.m. he 
started in a mail coach from Dover, took tea at 
7.30 p.m. at Clement's Inn in Canterbury, and at 
about midnight arrived at Rochester, where they 
slept. Next day he made a tour on foot through 
Rochester, Chatham and Brompton, and says: — 

"Rochester Cathedral is a large and beautiful specimen 
of Gothic architecture ; here it was that I first saw 
painted glass in the three windows on the left hand in 
entering the Cathedral. There is a small church opposite 
to the cathedral which appears by a Latin inscription 
over the door to have been rebuilt in 1624. There are at 
Chatham three different sets of elegant barracks, which I 
visited — the Marine barracks, the Artillery barracks, and 
the Chatham barracks for the line. There are the ruins of 
an ancient castle opposite the Cathedral at Rochester. 
Over the River Medway at this place is a stone bridge 
which has fallen down in the centre." 

At 1.30 p.m. he left Rochester, and passed 
through Stroud, Gravesend, Deptford, etc., to 
London over Westminster Bridge, and arrived at 
the Golden Cross, Charing Cross, at about 7 p.m. 
on the 23rd November, 18 19, and for a short time 
took up his quarters at the Golden Cross. After- 
wards he took lodgings at No. 13 Essex street. 

While in London he visited everything worthy 
of interest. Of St. Paul's Church he writes: — 

"I went into the church alone and visited the vaults 
where are deposited, among others, the remains of the 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 27 

great Nelson and of Admiral Collingwood. In the body of 
the church and in the different aisles, monuments have of 
late been erected; the principal are those erected to the 
memory of Howard the philanthropist, Dr. Johnson, Sir 
Wm. Jones, Sir Joshua Reynolds, Lord Rodney, Earl Howe, 
Abercrombie, Moore, Collingwood, Comwallis, Nelson and 
Brock. The monument to Brock is a military one on which 
are placed a sword and a helmet. His corse reclines in 
the arms of a British soldier, whilst an Indian pays a tribute 
of regret for his fall." 

He says of his visit to Westminster Abbey 
that he examined with the greatest attention the 
monuments and tombs in the Poet's Comer, of 
which he has left this description: — 

"The first on the door and at the left hand is the monu- 
ment of Johnson, with the simple inscription: — 'O Rare 
Ben Johnson ' (sic.) 

"Next to him is the monument of Spenser with the 
following inscription : — 

'Hare lyes (expecting the second comminge of our 
Saviour Christ Jesus) the body of Edmond Spencer the 
Prince of Poets in his tyme, whose divine spirrit needs noe 
other witnessethen the workes which he left behinde him, 
he was bom in London in the year 1553 and died in the 
yeare 1598.^' 

Underneath are the following words : — 

'Restored by private subscription 1778.* 

"Next to Spenser is the monument of Milton raised by 
Benson, under him is that of Gray with an inscription by 
Pope, and in the same comer. Mason, Prior and Draiton. 
Near Draiton 's monument and on the same side is Cowley's 
erected by George, Duke of Buckingham. Dryden's monu- 
ment is near the same spot with this inscription: — 

'John Dry den natus 1632. Mortuus Mail 
i, 1700. Joannes Sheffield Dux Bucking- 
hamensis posuit 1720.' 



28 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

"In another comer the first monument on the left hand 
is that of the immortal Shakespeare with the following in- 
scription above his statue: — 

* Gulielmo Shakespeare anno post mortem CXXIV. M 

Amor publicus posuiti. * 

His statue reclines on a pedestal and points to a scroll 
which is lying on it containing the following words from 
his own sublime works : — 

•The cloud cap't towr's 
The gorgeous palaces 
The solemn temples 
The great globe itself 
Yea all which it inherit 

Shall dissolve 
And like the baseless fabric of a vision 
Leave not a wreck behind* 

"On the left side of Shakespeare's monument is Thom- 
son's, inscribed as follows: — 

'James Thomson Aetatis 48, obiit 27 Aug., 1748.' 

'Tutored by thee Sweet Poetry exalts 
With music, image, sentiment and thought 
Her voice to ages and informs the page 
Never to die.' 

This monument was erected MDCCLXIL* 

"Next follow the monuments of Rowe and of Gay. 
Above a door near the latter monuments is one erected to 
Goldsmith : — 

'Olivarii Goldsmith 
Poeta, Physici, Historici 
Qui nullum fere scribendi genus 

Non tetigit, 
Nullum quod tetigit non omavit, 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 29 

Sive risus essent movendi, 

Sive lacrimae, 
Affectuum potens at lenis dominator, 
Ingenii sublimis, vividus, versatilis, 
Oratione grandis, nitidus, venustus, 
Hoc monumento memoriam coltiit 
Sodalium amor, 
Amicorum fides, 
Lectorum veneratio ; 
Natus Hibemia, Fomeiae Lonfordiensis 
in loco cui nomen Pallas, 
Nov. XXIX. MDCCXXXI. 
Eblanae Uteris institutus 

obiit Londini 
Ap. IV. MDCCLXXIV. * 

"Here also is a monument to Addison with a long 
Latin inscription and next Dr. Barrow's. 

"Opposite to Shakespeare's monument and at his feet 
lie the remains of Samuel Johnson with a stone slab in- 
scribed: — 

' Samueli Johnson, L.L.D. 
obiit XIII. die Decembris anno Domini 
MDCCLXXXIV aetatis suse LXXV.' 

** Near Johnson's remains are deposited those of Richard 
Brinsley Sheridan who died 7 July, 18 16. Alongside of each 
other are the monuments of Isaac Casaubon, the critic, 
and of William Camden; and above Camden's is that of 
David Garrick." 

His visit to the Gallery of Antiquities of the 
British Museum is equally interesting and is thus 
recorded: — 

"I went early this morning (Friday 17th December, 
18 19) with Goodman to the British Museum and remained 
till four o'clock P.M. amusing myself in the Gallery of 



30 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

Antiquities with the superb collection of marbles and terra 
cotta works. 

There was a head of Pericles which struck me as a 
piece of workmanship of singular beauty; it is inscribed 
simply, PERICLES. There is a fine bust of Augustus, 
and many busts of the Antonines, Hadrian and the later 
Emperors. I was much pleased with the discobulus. The 
Elgin collection is truly magnificent; here are considerable 
portions of the Parthenon, consisting of metopes, bas re- 
liefs, friezes, &c., parts of columns and some colossal statues. 
I saw also a fragment of a trophy from the field of Mara- 
thon, and two or three altars and other marbles from the 
plains of Troy. I saw also the celebrated Sigean inscrip- 
tion written in the very ancient Greek characters and in 
the boustrophedon manner. The famous Rosetta stone 
with three inscriptions, the first in hieroglyphics, the second 
in the vernacular language of Egypt, and the third in 
Greek, all commemorative of the actions of one of the 
Ptolmies. It would be endless to recount all the sculptural 
beauties which I had hardly time to examine in the whole 
course of this day. But there is one statue of small dimen- 
sions, very remarkable for its beauties — it is the statue of 
a fisherman with a basket in his hand — the anatomical 
beauties of this figure are surprising and I was assisted 
in developing them by the observations of my friend 
Goodman who accompanied me." 

He speaks of the East India House, where 
he saw — 

"among other Oriental curiosities the dreams of 
Tippoo Saib in his own handwriting, and his copy of the 
Koran most elegantly written on parchment gilt — the tiger's 
head of solid gold which adorned the foot of his throne and 
which is said in its present state to weigh sixty pounds — 
the celebrated inscribed stone and some bricks from the 
supposed site of ancient Babylon." 

He went on two occasions to Oxford to see 
his friend Shortt and while there he occupied 



1 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 3T 

rooms in Worcester College belonging to a student 
absent during vacation. He writes of Oxford and 
its many colleges as they were in the year 1820: — 

" 'Worcester College Library,' he says, 'contains thirty 
thousand volumes of valuable and curious books. In the 
Quadrangle of the schools, so called from its containing the 
places of examination and for lectures on different subjects, 
I first visited the famous Bodleian library and the picture 
gallery. The room which contains the celebrated Arun- 
delian marbles is rich in other remnants of antiquity con- 
sisting altogether of inscriptions. 

Among the Pompet statues a full length statue of Cicero 
appeared to me to possess eminent beauties. The Ash- 
moleian Museum contains many curiosities, among the 
more remarkable are the skull of Oliver Cromwell with the 
well-known scar on the frontal bone. The sword sent by 
Leo X. to Henry VIH. with the title 'Defensor fidei' — the 
handle forms with the blade a cross, and in the head of 
the hilt, which is of crystal is a small painting with the 
motto 'vigilate.' The helmet which Henry the Fifth wore 
at Azincour and the sword with which he killed the Duke 
of Alen9on in the same battle. The Duke of Alen^on's 
battle axe which he used at Azincour. 

The iron mace of Walworth the Mayor with which he 
slew Wat Tyler. A lantern of Alfred the Great and an 
amulet of gold containing a figure of St. Cuthbert which he 
wore to protect him from the effect of incantation. The 
sides of this amulet are formed into these letters — ' Alfredus 
jussit me fabricare,' — also his golden tinder box — all found 
in the Isle of Sheppey and presented to the Museum. A 
gold watch of Queen Elizabeth inlaid with beautiful opals 
— the chain of gold is engraved with memoranda — on one 
of the links the two engraved letters ' E. E. * are supposed 
to mean the Earl of Essex. The golden tankard which 
she used every morning at her breakfast. The gauntlet 
of the Earl of Warwick called the Kingmaker. A boot of 
Queen Elizabeth, the smallness of which conveys some 



32 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

idea of the beauty of her feet. Also a boot of the unfor- 
tunate Duke of York, brother of Edward V. The much 
mutilated hat of leather worn by Bradshaw in Parliament 
when sentence was passed on Charles I. A pair of spurs 
of Oliver Cromwell and specimens of spurs of the ancient 
Britons. 

St. Mary's Church is a very beautiful Gothic building. 
St. Peter's Church is a very old piece of Saxon architecture 
and was built between the tenth century and the Norman 
invasion. New College has small but beautiful gardens 
surrounded by part of the ancient walls of the City of Ox- 
ford which were repaired in the parliamentary wars and 
are now very perfect. Magdalen College has some very 
elegant new buildings and surpasses all the other colleges 
in the beauty of its walks and park. The favorite haunt 
of Addison is still called 'Addison's Walk.' Christ Church 
is the largest of all the colleges and has about four hun- 
dred students, but its walks though very extensive are not 
so delightful as those of Magdalen. The River Isis is a 
very small stream — as it was frozen over, we went on it 
to see the skaters. 

There is an ancient tower or castle here, but additions 
have been made to it and it is used as a prison. Near it is 
an artificial mound of earth with caverns raised by Col. 
Ingoldsby in the parliamentary wars as a depot for pro- 
visions. 

The observatory of the University is a fine building in 
the style of the Temple of the Winds at Athens. 

The Radcliffe Library is a fine piece of architecture in 
a circular form. The circular room intended to contain 
the library is the most beautiful thing of the kind I ever 
beheld — the dome which is eighty feet from the floor is 
richly worked and the floor is formed of alternate brown 
and white marble slabs. A splendid entertainment was 
given in this room by the University to the Emperor of 
Russia and other crowned heads. The Library is not yet 
filled up and the number of books not very considerable." 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 33 

On his second visit to Oxford, which took 
place on the 2nd May, 1820, he mentions that on 
his progress towards Worcester College, he met 
his old schoolfellow Tom Davie in High Street. 
That evening he dined in Hall at Worcester with 
Shortt and his friend Yolland. 

Regarding Ifley on the I sis, about two miles 
distant from Oxford, he says, — 

"This place is remarkable only for a very old Church 
built in the Saxon style. From a manuscript of Anthony 
Wood, the antiquity of Ifley Church may be in some mea- 
sure ascertained. It appears that it was given with its 
appurtenances by Jeffrey de Clinton to the Canons of Kenil- 
worth in Warwickshire ; and this Jeffrey lived in the reign 
of William the Conqueror. In the Church yard stands a 
very ancient cross, but its ornamental sculpture has been 
entirely destroyed by time. Near this cross is a yew tree, 
whose trunk is of great circumference, supposed to be 
coeval with the Church." 

He attended on the 3rd May, 1820, the ex- 
amination for degrees at the schools. The follow- 
ing day he walked with his friend Shortt to 
Godstow, to visit the site of the tomb of the fair 
Rosamond, mistress of Henry H. The bones 
which had been carried away by antiquaries some 
time before that, were found in the Chapter House, 
which at the time he (Alexander Buchanan) 
visited it, had been converted into a cow house, 
and of which he writes: — 

"There was a long inscription painted on the wall over 
the place of interment, a few words of which are yet legible. 



34 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

The bones of this unfortunate lady were transported here 
from the Church, which was situated a short distance, by 
the command of some bigoted ecclesiastic, lest 'the bones 
of the whore r should profane the holy place." 

He thus completes his description of the Col- 
leges : — 

"We began the day (5th May, 1820), by visiting the 
chapels and halls of some of the Colleges. The Chapel of 
Magdalen is neat but contains nothing remarkable. New 
College Chapel is by far the finest I saw; its windows are 
formed of very fine painted glass representing a variety of 
human figures in the persons of saints. We took a cursory 
view of the gallery of painting of the Bodleian — the best 
painting in the room is the school of philosophers, repre- 
senting almost all the philosophers of Greece attended by 
some of their pupils, by Guilio Romano. There is also a 
very fine fruit piece, but I forget whose production it is. 

We visited the gallery of painting in the Library of 
Christ Church College, which contains some very fine 
pictures. Among the best I remarked — A St. Christopher — 
and a David and Goliath — figures foreshortened by Michael 
Angelo Buonarotti,— The family of the Caracci in a butcher's 
shop, — An Italian buffoon drinking, by Annibale Caracci, — 
An Emperor on horseback, by Guilio Romano, — A St. 
Peter, half length, by Caravaggio. — A St. Sebastian, half 
length, — A Rebecca at the well, — A St. John the Baptist, 
and the first Prince of Orange, by Guido. — A Descent from 
the Cross, by Coreggio. — Four portraits with music before 
them, — Our Saviour, not half length, — Portrait of a woman, 
half length, — Portrait of the Duke of Alva, by Titian. 

We went to see the Sheldon Theatre, which is the place 
for recitation of prize poems, &c. 

Shortt and I went to breakfast at Woodstock. This 
place is remarkable as the birthplace of Chaucer, where he 
lived and died. 

After breakfast we proceeded to take a view of Blen- 
heim, the magnificent seat of the Duke of Marlborough. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 35 

The grounds are as beautiful as verdure, trees and artificial 
water, the largest sheet of the kind in the world, can make 
them. There are gentle undulations all through the park, 
which increases its beauty, and numerous herds of deer, 
bounding over the green, tend to add life to the scene. As 
the castle is never opened to strangers before two o'clock, 
we walked through the park and Combe Lodge to North 
Leigh, a distance of about four miles, to visit a Roman 
villa which was lately discovered here. The foundations 
of all the walls of the building are still remaining, and there 
are some entire mosaic pavements. There are two baths, 
parts of which are in a state of good preservation. From 
the size of the building, its materials and the conveniences 
which appear to have ministered to the luxury of its 
owner, we may conjecture that it was the residence of some 
person of consequence. 

On our return to Blenheim we obtained admission into 
the house, which contains a superb gallery of paintings of 
the old masters. There is also a fine library, and a small 
theatre. Many of the rooms are adorned with the Gobelin 
tapestry representing the battles of the Duke of Marl- 
borough. The Titian room is so called from the paintings 
on leather by Titian with which its walls are covered." 

Returning from Oxford, he passed through 
Stratford upon Avon, where ** having stopped to 
change horses he had barely time to view the 
outside of the house where, as is reputed, the im- 
mortal Shakespeare was born, which is now occu- 
pied by a butcher." 



i 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 37 



CHAPTER IV. 
1820. 

COURSE OF READING IN LONDON — HIS FRIENDS — 
GOES TO THE THEATRES AND SEES KEAN AND 
MACREADY — HEARS LECTURES IN LONDON HOS- 
PITALS— ATTENDS WESTMINSTER HALL. 



"Tuesday, nth December, 1820- — Breakfasted with 
Mr. Johnston at the Golden Cross, with whom I remained 
until two o'clock preparing a petition on behalf of his son 
to the Lords of the Treasury." 

"Saturday, i8th December, 18 19. — I was at home and 
read the whole day till 4.30 p.m., when I went to dine at 
Morrin's Hotel, Duke Street, Manchester Square, with Mr. 
John Geo. McTavish, from whence I returned home at 
about eleven p.m. Besides myself and Mr. McTavish there 
were at dinner Mr. Cowie, Mr. Swaine of the Hudson Bay 
Company, and Mr. Johnston. 

He mentions having dined with Messrs. Parent 
and Blanchet, and having called on Mr. Irvine, of 
Quebec, at Osborne's Hotel, Adelphi. 

He was in London on the 31st January, 1820, 
when he went to see the ceremony of proclamation 
of King George IV. 

During the time he lived in London he was 
reading steadily. He appears to have mapped out 
a course of study to which he carefully adhered. 
His reading was very extensive and consisted 
of history, the ancient authors and the law. He 
chiefly read Hallam's History of the Middle Ages, 



38 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

and in the original Aullus Gellius, Cicero, Homer, 
Xenophon, Tibullus, Plutarch, and the New Testa- 
ment in the Greek, and Montaigne, Woodeson's Ele- 
ments of Jurisprudence and Lord Mansfield and 
and others on the study of Law and Boote's Suit 
at Law. 

While here he spent most of his time with his 
friend Goodman, who lodged in Castle Court, 
Cloak Lane; Mr. G. Young, of Gray's Inn; Mr. 
Stevenson who had lodgings at No. 30 Portman 
Place, Edgecombe Road; Mr. Tyrell, 11 Paper 
Buildings, in the Temple; Mr. R. B. Comyn, of the 
Temple who lived in Pumo Court, and a Mr. John- 
ston. He also saw a good deal of Mr. Jno. Geo. 
MacTavish, of 13 New Quebec Street; Mr. Stewart, 
Mitre Court, Cheapside; Mr. Gilmour, Freeman's 
Court, Comhill; Mr. Cowie of the North West 
Company, and Mr. Swaine of the Hudson's Bay 
Company ; Mr. Nivin of Clement's Inn ; Mr. Robert 
Hayes and his cousin Mr. C. Hayes. It was on 
the motion of the latter gentleman that he was 
elected on the evening of the 9th February, 1820, 
a member of the Eccentric Society in London. He 
also frequented the society of Mr. French of 7 
Dalby Terrace, New City Road, Islington, and of 
the family of Mr. Reynolds. He mentions having 
dined with Mr. Armstrong, surgeon. No. 6 Baker 
Street, Portman Square, and having in the even- 
ing gone with Mrs. Armstrong to a ball at Mrs. 
Phillips', Dorset Square, and a few evenings after 
going to a party at Mr. Armstrong's. 

He used to* go to the theatres, notably Coven t 
Garden and Drury Lane. At the latter he saw, — 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 39 

"the performance of Richard III. by the desire of the 
"Duke and Duchess of Kent, who were both present. 
"The principal character, Richard III., was played by Mr. 
"Kean in a most admirable manner." 

He saw Macready as Coriolanus and again Kean, 
this time as Hamlet and later as King Lear. He 
went to "half play" at the Adelphi and as he 
says, "by way of conclusion after this we visited 
the cider cellars in Maiden Lane." He also saw 
Liston with whose comic powers he was highly 
amused. 

He heard Fletcher, a popular preacher at a 
chapel in Little Moor's Fields. 

With his friend Goodman, who was studying 
medicine and walking the hospitals, he visited 
the different hospitals and there heard lectures 
by the most eminent surgeons of the day. 

At the London Hospital he heard a lecture on 
broncho tomy, etc., dropsy and tapping from Mr. 
Headington and was there introduced to Sir 
William Blizzard. 

On a subsequent occasion he heard another 
lecture from Mr. Headington, this time on the 
cellular membrane. He heard a lecture from Mr. 
Millington at Guy's Hospital on hydrostatics. 
At St. Bartholomew's Hospital he had the good 
fortune to hear a lecture on mortification by the 
celebrated Abernethy. 

On the 24th January, 1820, after breakfast he 
went to Westminster, where a number of people 
were assembled to see the Judges arrive in pro- 



40 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

cession to the Court. In the Court of King's 
Bench, before Chief Justice Abbott and Judges 
Bayley, Holroyd and Best he listened to an 
ex parte argument in the case of Madrazo v. 
Milles, for a new trial in an action for damages 
brought by some Spanish slave traders against a 
captain in the British Navy for the detention of the 
ship and the liberation of the slaves. The damages 
had been assessed by the jury at upwards of 
£16,000. Jervis argued for the rule which the 
Court dismissed. Among other distinguished 
counsel engaged in this case whom he saw were 
Scarlett, afterwards Lord Abinger, Campbell, 
afterwards Lord Chancellor, Peake and PuUen. 

He attended also at the Court of Chancery and 
heard a cause respecting a right of advowson con- 
tested between Marquis Townshend, Lord Charles 
Townshend and the trustees of the late Marquis's 
estate. 

At Doctors Commons in the Court of Ad- 
miralty and the Ecclesiastical Court he was an 
attentive auditor. 

He mentions having gone with Mr. Hayes to 
the Coal Hole in the Strand, a place "which seems 
to be frequented by coachmen and economical 
dandies." Among the coffee houses which he 
patronized while in London were the New Eng- 
land, near the Royal Exchange, George's, near 
Temple Bar, Button's in Cheapside, the Salopian 
in Charing Cross, and the One Tun in Jermyn 
Street. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 4I 



I 
\ 



CHAPTER V. 

1820. 

HE GOES TO PARIS — PASvSES THROUGH ST. OMER. 
AIRE, ARRAS AND AMIENS— VISITS THE TUILLERIES, 
THE LOUVRE, VERSAILLES,, THE LUXEMBOURG, 
THE CATACOMBS, CExMETERY OF PERE LA CHAISE. 
CHURCH OF ST. DENIS, MALMAISON AND ST. CLOUD- 
THEATRES AT PARIS— AT ROUEN— RETURNS TO 
LONDON. 



On Sunday the 26th March, 1820, he set out 
from London in a mail coach, with his friend 
Wybault, for Dover, where they arrived on Mon- 
day at 7 a.m. At 9.30 a.m. they embarked on 
board a small sloop of about 30 tons, crowded to 
excess with about sixty passengers. The passage 
to Calais was performed in three hours and ten 
minutes. On landing they visited the Hotel de 
Depin, celebrated for the residence of Sterne. At 
4 p.m. they left Calais for Boulogne in a post- 
chaise, and then on to St. Omer, which latter 
place he found bleak and uninteresting, occasioned 
by a deficiency of verdure and a scarcity of trees. 
Of the town itself he has to say : — 

"St. Omer is a regularly fortified town and its situation 
is rather pleasant. We employed the hour during which 
we were detained here in visiting the curiosities of the place. 
There is here a very fine cathedral in the Gothic style 
which contains an ancient but uncouth monument of St. 
Elsendob, and the tomb of St. Andomarus or St. Omar. 



42 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

We went to see the old English school here which is now 
a military hospital." 

They then set out for Aire, from where it was 
his intention to continue the journey to Arras 
that same night, 

"but the rigor of the commandant who would not 
accommodate us by opening the town gates frustrated our 
design. This place is strongly fortified, and contains a 
cathedral of considerable magnitude." 

He passed through Arras, 

"an old city well fortified and contains a great number 
of troops, at this moment. The houses are in the old style, 
btiilt of stone and very heavy in their appearance. There 
is a very large square or place here which was thronged 
with persons who seem engaged in trade." 

At Amiens he and his fellow-travellers were 
annoyed by the boisterous behaviour of a number 
of French dragoon officers and soldiers in en- 
deavouring to bring the fares to their ancient 
level using the words *' Vous etranglez les Ang- 
lais et les Francais en souffrent." 

Of Amiens, he says: — 

"There is a cathedral of some beauty here, but which, 
notwithstanding all the praise lavished on it is inferior 
to many buildings of the kind which I have seen in 
England. It was built during the reign of our Henry VI 
in France." 

He arrived in Paris on the evening of the 
30th March, and went to the Hotel des Etats 
Unis, rue Notre Dame des Victoires, and the next 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 43 

day took lodgings at Madam Target's, No. 26 rue 
des Moulins. 

"Friday, 31st March, 1820. — Walked in the gardens of 
the Thuilleries and the Champs Elysees, which were crowded 
with carriages and persons on foot during the Promenade 
de Longchamps, which takes place in the holy week of 
every year, and originated in the obsolete custom of going 
to the Monastery of Longchamps to hear the prayers of the 
nuns." 

"Saturday, ist April, 1820. — The greater part of this 
day passed away by my being present at a review of a 
regiment of Hussars on the Champ de Mars. The due 
d'Angouleme and d'Oudinot, the Marshal due de Reggio 
and other officers of distinction were on the field. 

The next day was Easter Sunday when he 
went to walk in the garden of the Tuilleries 
which he says, " were rendered extremely gay 
by the number of persons who were there en 
promenade.'' And he goes on to thus criticise 
the different buildings. 

"To-day (2 April, 1820), I saw these gardens to great 
advantage, the serenity of the weather, the magnificent 
pile of the Thuilleries, the beautiful new buildings in the 
Rue Rivoli, the noble appearance of the Admiralty, the 
budding trees, the fountains and the statues disposed in 
various parts of the alleys with the greatest taste, rendered 
the scene enchanting. 

"The much vaunted bridge of lena, now called de I'Ecole 
Militaire, fell far short of what I expected. It is very plain 
and not at all comparable in size, architecture or materials 
to the superb structure of Waterloo Bridge in London. 

"The Corps Ldgislatif, of which I saw but the exterior 
is a beautiful building. The front is, in my humble opinion, 
in the purest taste of ancient architecture, and bears close 
similitude to that of the ancient temples. 



44 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

" L'Ecole Militaire, situated at the bottom of the Champ 
de Mars, is also a fine structure. The portico in the centre 
of the buildings is formed of Corinthian columns. It was 
founded by Louis XV. in 175 1 for the education of young 
gentlemen of slender fortune." 

He lost no time in going to see the Louvre. 

"I was occupied the greater part of this day (4 April, 
1820), in the gallery of painting in the Louvre, but its 
immense extent (700 paces covered on both sides with 
paintings) rendered my forming any idea of its beauties 
in detail impossible. I had barely time this day to walk 
through the magnificent collection of marbles." 

But not having had time, as he explains, to 
study the paintings in detail he returned on two 
occasions which he refers to as follows: — 

"Went with Mr. Barron to the Louvre, where I received 
excessive pleasure from the works of Le Brun, Poussin, 
Vemet, Drouais, Claude Lorraine and Le Sueur of the 
French school; those of Dow, Van Dyck, Rembrandt and 
Rubens of the Dutch school, and those of Caravaggio, 
Annibale Caracci, Correggio, Domeniquin, Guido Remi, 
Guilio Romano, Leonardo da Vinci, Paolo Veronese, Raf- 
faello, Salvatore Rosa, Tiziano, &c. 

"This (20 April, 1820), being the last day of my re- 
sidence in Paris I thought that part of it could not be better 
spent than in taking a parting look at the Louvre. After 
cursorily viewing the gallery of painting, I descended to 
the superb deposit for pieces of ancient sculpture, where 
I spent two hours with great satisfaction. The chef d'oeuvre 
here is the celebrated Hermaphrodite Borghese which is 
represented lying on a mattress with a pillow under its 
head, and is the finest piece of sculpture I ever saw. This 
magnificent collection contains also a fine Diana, many 
Venuses, the Pallas of Velletri, and a gigantic Melpomene, 
besides numerous other statues, sarcophagi, cinerary urns, 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 45 

sepulchral inscriptions and other valuable relics of an- 
tiquity." 

In the Louvre he met Mr. Shaw and Mr. Wm. 
McGilHvray. 

The different palaces of Versailles, and the 
Luxembourg, the Catacombs, the Cemetery of 
Pere La Chaise, the remains of the Baths of the 
Emperor Julian, the Church of St. Denis, the 
palaces of Malmaison and St. Cloud, he visited in 
succession and has left his impressions of them. 

"The Church of Notre Dame in the Island of St. Louis 
is the principal structure in Paris. It is a very fine building 
of its kind but much inferior to Westminster. It contains 
two fine altar paintings. 

"We arrived (7th April, 1820) at Versailles in a 
diUgence. The superb palace here attracted our atten- 
tion for a considerable time. It has lately undergone 
repairs rendered necessary by the injuries it sustained dur- 
ing the Revolution. The interior of the chapel is the most 
beautiful thing of its kind that I have seen. The ceiling 
which is painted in good style, is supported by a number 
of large columns of the Corinthian order. The facade of 
the Palace towards the gardens is strikingly grand when 
seen through the principal avenues. The garden, laid out 
in the French taste, is not very pleasing to an English eye, 
from the regularity with which the trees are planted, the 
want of grass, and the manner of clipping the trees into 
unnatural shapes. The grand Trianon, a small palace 
sometimes visited by Bonaparte, is pleasantly situated. 
We saw here a relief in Agate brought from Herculaneum 
and a font of beautiful green Siberian marble given by the 
Emperor of Russia to the King. The last work of the 
celebrated Vernet is in one of the rooms of this Palace. 
The petit Trianon is a small palace furnished for Josephine, 
but was never inhabited by her in consequence of her 



46 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

divorce, which took place about the time that the palace 
was ready. The English garden in the rear of the last 
mentioned palace is the most enchanting I ever saw — here 
are artificial grottos, lakes, rivers, and hamlets, &c. 

"I accompanied two French ladies, a Mrs. Strachan 
and her sister, and Wybault, to the Luxembourg. We 
took a walk in the gardens and a view of the exterior of the 
Palace, and afterwards went to the Gallery of Painting, 
which contains some beautiful pictures by living French 
painters. The most remarkable were the Leonidas by 
David, the Murder of Agamemnon by Clytemnestra and 
Aegisthus, Aeneas relating his Adventures to Dido, and 
Death of Zenobia, and many others. I saw in the house 
of the above mentioned ladies a very fine painting of 
Hector Andromache and Astyanax, and another of a 
wounded Theban soldier, both by Mrs. Strachan's sister — 
for the latter painting she received a gold medal from 
Buonoparte. 

"Thursday, (12 April, 1820), we succeded in descend- 
ing to the Catacombs. We go down a depth of about fifty 
feet on stone steps, and the whole length of the passages 
which extend as far as the Barri^re d'Enfer are bounded on 
each side by piles of bones, skulls, &c. Now and then you 
see on stone slabs or pedestals appropriate sentences from 
the scriptures or from the more melancholy writings of 
ancients. We descended in company with about twenty 
persons among whom were many English ladies. Return- 
ing from the Catacombs we visited the Pantheon or Church 
of St. Genevieve which is a superb mausoleum for the 
illustrious dead of France. It has a very fine and lofty 
dome, and the interior of the building is supported by very 
large fluted pillars of the Corinthian order. The vaults 
contain no other learned dust but that of Voltaire and 
Jean Jacques — the remains of a few secondary military 
characters are deposited here. The exterior portal is grand 
and is composed of fluted Corinthian pillars. 

"I spent the greater part of a day in the beautiful 
cemetery of P6re Lachaise; the principal tomb here is that 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 47 

of the lovers, Abelard and Heloise, which was transported 
hither from the monastery of Paraclet and is yet in ex- 
cellent preservation. There is a long inscription on one 
side in old French relating the heretical opinions of Abelard, 
his recantation, &c. The bones of Moliere and of Lafon- 
taine were removed from the original place of their inter- 
ment to this cemetery, where they are placed alongside 
of each other and covered with most plain stone monu- 
ments. There are fine tombs to St. Jean d'Angely, Massena, 
Delille the poet, and Ginguene. We had an excellent view 
of Paris from the high grounds in this delightful spot. 

"We went to see the church of St. Sulpice, which has 
a fine front decorated with colonnades, and two noble 
towers. After leaving the latter place we went to No. 63 
Rue de la Harpe to a cooper's house to see the remains of 
the baths which belonged to the Palace of the Emperor 
Julian, called the palace of the Thermes. With some dif- 
ficulty and danger from frail ladders and landing places, 
we gained the roof of these extensive baths about seventy 
feet from the ground. This roof had been covered with a 
garden, the earth of which they are now removing and 
by so doing have discovered various canals for the water 
and flues, &c. They have also found a fragment of a Latin 
inscription, but it was so small a part of the original slab 
that I could not find out its meaning. 

"We took a trip to the Church of St. Denis, which was 
and is the grand repository for the Royal Family of France 
after their decease. The workmen are now employed in 
restoring the ancient Royal monuments from the earliest 
ages which were formerly deposited here, but were injured 
or removed from this place to places of greater safety during 
the Revolution. The place which Bonaparte had allotted 
for his family is a sepulchre for the present dynasty and 
contains the remains of the late Due de Berri. The large 
brazen doors which Napoleon placed at its entrance 
have been removed and replaced with large marble slabs. 
The altar piece which contains the bones of St. Denis, the 
patron Saint of France, is a fine piece of workmanship and 
highly ornamented. 



48 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

"This morning Wybault, myself, Mrs. Strachan, her 
sister, Mrs. Storey, a Portugese lady and Mrs. Drake, set 
off in an open carriage to visit some of the Royal Palaces. 
We made a vain application for admission to the Elys^e 
Bourbon. From this we proceeded to Malmaison where 
we commenced our operations by surveying the gardens, 
which are pleasantly situated, and well laid out. There is a 
pretty temple of variegated marble to the Goddess of Love 
built near the small stream which runs through the gardens. 
There are also some statues in different parts of the grounds 
which add to the beauty of the place. Near the entrance 
from the gardens into this estate are two very beautiful 
obelisks brought from Egypt, covered with gilt hiero- 
glyphics. The palace is a plain looking house, which cir- 
cumstance gave rise to the name of Malmaison. It belongs 
to Eugene Beauharnois, and was a favorite haunt of 
Napoleon's, and was fitted up for the Empress Josephine. 
It contains a gallery of paintings and a small theatre. We 
saw the private study of Bonaparte when he was First 
Consul, which still contains his chair and one of his tables. 
From the rooms upstairs we had a fine view of the gardens, 
which, bounded by the stupendous aqueduct to convey 
water to Versailles, forms a very pretty landscape. 

"After surveying the whole of the place we continued 
our route to St. Cloud. The situation of this palace is 
superior to that of Versailles, the view from the eminence 
on which it is built being very extensive, commanding a 
prospect of Paris, the Bois de Boulogne, and the Seine 
which flows along the Park of St. Cloud. The park and 
gardens are beautifully laid out and show more taste than 
is exhibited in the gardens of Versailles. The gallery of 
painting contains some good pictures, and the rooms being 
well furnished gives them a more finished and elegant 
appearance than those of Versailles or Malmaison." 

At the Caf^ de la Paix in the Palais Royal, 
which was formerly a theatre, and was then a 
coffee house where the visitors were entertained 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 49 

with exhibitions of feats on the slack rope, he 
saw Thomas Moore, the poet, with his wife. 

He attended at the Palais de Justice in the 
Cour Royale and Cour d'Assize at Paris. 

During his visit here he went to the 
Theatre Francais where he saw Talma in the 
character of Leicester in the Mary Stuart by 
Pierre Lebrun. The other characters were re- 
presented by Desmousseaux, Mdlle. Duchesnois 
and Mde Paradol. At the Italian Opera he heard 
Garcia, in his own piece II Fazzoletto and Mde. 
Ponzi Debeguis. 

"Tuesday, 1 8 th April, 1820. — We were occupied almost 
the whole of this day in settling the troublesome matter 
of our passports, which went through the hands of the 
English Ambassador, of the Ministre de I'lnt^rieur, Ministre 
de I'Ext^rieur, Pr^fet de PoHce, etc. 

After a stay of not quite three weeks in Paris 
he left for Rouen en route for London on the 
20th April, 1820, in the cabriolet of the diligence. 

"At Rouen," he says, "we gained admission into the 
church, a superb Gothic building. Within the Choir we 
found three slabs of stone in the pavement, which escaped 
the ravages of the Revolution by which this church suffered 
to a great degree. On one I read the following inscrip- 
tion : — 

Cor 

Richardi Regis Angliae 

Normanniae Ducis 

Cor Leonis dicti 

Obiit anno 

MCXCIX. 

4 



50 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

From the other I copied the following: — 

Ad 
1 dextrum altaris latus 

. Jacet 

Joannes Dux Betfordiae 

Normanniae Prorex 

Obiit anno 

MCCCCXXXV. 

"The third contains an inscription to the memory of 
Henry, brother to Richard I. 

"In a small square called Place de la Pucelle, there is 
a public fountain surmounted by a statue of the Pucelle 
d 'Orleans, erected to mark the spot where she was burnt 
during the Regency of Bedford. The situation of Rouen 
is one of the most beautiful. It is built in a fertile valley 
watered by the Seine and exhibiting an appearance of high 
cultivation. The traveller in approaching Rouen from 
Paris is delighted when from an eminence down which the 
road descends, the City of Rouen, the river Seine meander- 
ing through a rich country, the cathedral with lofty towers 
and elegantly light spires, the Bridge of Boats, and the ship- 
ping in the harbour burst upon his sight and afford a lively 
and variegated landscape." 

He sailed from Dieppe on the 21st April, 
landed at Brighton the next morning, and was 
back in London the same afternoon. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 



CHAPTER VI. 

1820. 

CHRIST CHURCH SCHOOL — HOUSE OF COMMONS — 
SOMERSET HOUSE — HE GOES TO IRELAND — BU- 
CHANANS OF OMAGH AND FINTONA — LONDON- 
DERRY — HE SAILS FOR SCOTLAND. 



On his return from Paris he took up his quar- 
ters at the Crown in Bow Lane. He went with 
Mr. Reynolds to hear prayers in the hall of Christ 
Church School, where he saw 700 blue coat boys 
sit down to supper after prayers. 

He attended the House of Commons and 
heard Broughham, Tiemey, Lord Archibald 
Hamilton, Colonel Davis and Joseph Hume. 

He went to the exhibition at Somerset House, 
where, among a great many paintings, he found 
very few worthy of notice. The best was " The 
Reading of the Will," by Wilkie. There was 
a fine piece of sculpture by Chauncy, of a child 
sleeping on a mattress in the style of the Her- 
maphrodite Borghese. 

It was at this time he made his second visit to 
Oxford. On his return from there he went to 
Ireland, and on the 12th May, 1820, arrived at 
Omagh. While at this place he was the guest of 



52 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

his uncle, George Buchanan, who was his father's 
eldest brother. There were then living of his 
father's family George Buchanan at Omagh ; 
Beavor Buchanan and William Buchanan at 
Fintona, and Mary Irvine at " Lisnagore." 
He says, — 

** About a mile from Fintona is Eccles Green, where 
my grandfather once Uved and my father was bom." 

"Omagh," he says, "is situated in a valley watered by 
the River Omreagh. The town may contain about two 
.thousand inhabitants, many of whom are in respectable 
circumstances, there being a considerable linen market 
here. Near the town is Rash, the grounds of the Earl of 
Blessington, consisting of extensive plantations." 

He went on horseback with his uncle George 
to " Lisnagore," the house of Mr. Irvine and his 
aunt. 

"From an eminence not far distant," he writes, "I 
had a distant view of Loch Erne, and the surrounding 
mountains, which are very abrupt and grand. The ety- 
mology of Lisnagore is Irish; it means 'The Goat's Fort,' 
there being here a perfect Danish Fort." 

During his visit at Omagh, he w^ent to London- 
derry to pass a few days with his cousin, William 
Buchanan. 

Of this visit he says : — 

•* 30th May, 1820. — Went to Londonderry in the mail 
coach, where I was hospitably entertained in the house of 
my cousin, William Buchanan, and during my stay here 
till the loth June was most kindly treated by Mr. and Mrs. 
Orr and Mr. Robinson. I spent one day at Dr. Caldwell's* * 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 53 

Londonderry is described in these terms: — 

"Londonderry is a neatly built and clean town, beau- 
tifully situated on a rising ground which gives a grand 
prospect of the River and Loch Foyle. The distant moun- 
tains of Macgilligan at the entrance of the Loch, and of a 
richly cultivated country on either side of the Loch well 
wooded and diversified by gentlemen's seats. One of these 
county seats, that of Sir George Hill, I visited in company 
of Mrs. Orr, Mrs. John Buchanan, Miss Blacker and others; 
it is called 'Boom Hall,' being near the spot where a boom 
was laid across the Loch during the contest for religious 
liberty in James IL's reign, to prevent the approach of 
ships of war. 

"Londonderry is surrounded by walls of fortification 
which are celebrated through all Ireland as a wonder of 
art. Though weak as a fortress it sustained a siege in 
William IIL's reign, probably through the unskilfulness 
of the besiegers. There is a passably good public library. 
The Court House is an exceedingly pretty building with a 
chaste portal of free stone and is a great ornament to the 
town and reflects great credit on the spirit of its inhabitants. 
The cathedral is a rude, venerable building," 

On the journey from Londonderry to Belfast, 
en route for Scotland, he went around the base 
of ''Macgilligan along the sea shore to Down 
"Hill the seat of the late Earl of Bristol, now 
"the property of Sir Hervey Bruce. The house 
"contains some pictures and some pretty speci- 
"mens of statuary. At the edge of the precipice, 
"which overhangs the sea at a tremendous height, 
"is built a library or study in the form of an 
ancient temple. Round the upper part of the 
"building are inscribed two lines of the beautiful 



54 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

"passage in Lucretius, 'Suave mari magno tur- 
''bantibus aequora ventis, &c.' "^ 



O APPROPRIATE INSCRIPTIONS FROM LUCRETIUS. 



To the Editor of Notes and Queries. — (Montreal Star). 

Sir: — On the northern coast of Ireland, I believe in the County 
Antrim, there is a rocky promontory overlooking the Atlantic, 
situated on the estate of one Sir Hervey Bruce, nearly opposite 
Moville, the place where the Allan steamships stop on their way 
to and from Liverpool and Glasgow. 

On this promontory there was standing in 1859 (and may be 
still) a sort of dismantled round tower, built of cut stone and hav- 
ing a comparatively modem appearance, with a Latin inscription 
carved around it about twelve feet from its base. A part ot this 
inscription only I can now recall : 

" . . .Mari magno turbantibus aequora ventis. . .alterius mag- 
num spectare laborem." 

In * connection with the above, the following information is 
respectfully sought : — 

I St. What is the object and use of such a tower in such a 

place? 
2nd. What is the meaning and appropriateness of the 

Latin inscription? 
3rd. What is the entire inscription, and from what author 

is it taken? 

If you can conveniently find time to throw a little light on 
these points you will confer a great favor on several of your readers. 

Montreal. H. RANDALL. 

I. I can only conjecture that the tower was built by some man 
who had retired from the world soured and discontented, and that 
he was actuated by the feelings described in the quotation that I 
am about to cite. 

2 & 3. It is taken from the beginning of the second book of a 
Latin poem, "De Rerum Natura," which was given to the world 
by Titus Lucretius Carus, B.C. 57. It is a philosophical didactic 
poem, composed in heroic hexameters, divided into six books, and 
containing upwards of seven thousand four hundred lines. I will 
quote the Latin of the first four lines of the passage referred to by 
Mr. Randall: 

"Suave, mari magno turbantibus aequora ventis, 
E terra magnum alterius spectare laborem; 
Non quia vexari quemquam est jucunda voluptas 
Sed, quibus ipse maliscareas, quia cemere suaves est." 

That is: "It is sweet, when the winds are ruffling the waters on 
a high sea, to behold from land the great toil of another; not be- 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 55 

The day he was to leave Belfast for Scotland, 
he says: — 

"At 4.30 p.m. I was put into consternation by the pre- 
mature sailing of the steamboat 'Rob Roy,' in which I had 
taken a passage and which contained my baggage, but by 
the exertions of my boatman I reached her. Machine out 
of order, put into Lame for seven and a half hours. My 
fellow passengers were a set of good fellows. A Col. Hast- 
ings, whose aristocratic pride prevented his mingling with 
the company; Col. Stuart of the Buffs, whose blunt sim- 
plicity of manner and uncouth old dress led us to consider 
him an assistant surgeon or a quartermaster; Surgeon 
Morrison, of the Rifle Brigade,who exhibited a curious trait 
of borrowing 10 s, giving notice that he was subject to 
forget these trifles and requesting to be reminded of his 
debt; when he was put in mind of his obligation he paid 
with reluctance and without giving thanks. A Dutchman 
and his servant who lived on a true footing of Republican 
equality. These persons afforded us great amusement by 
their complaints under sea-sickness. A Sheffield merchant, 
Mr. Sowerby, a provision merchant at Liverpool and a 
young Greenock merchant. There was also on board a 
Capt. Sanders with whom I became well acquainted — he 
had been Lieutenant of the 'Leander* at the bombard- 
ment of Algiers." 



cause there is any real pleasure in seeing others in distress, but 
because man is glad to see misfortunes from which he himself is 
free." The poet continues:'* 'Tis pleasant, too, to look with no 
share of peril on the mighty contests of war; but nothing is sweeter 
than to reach those calm and well-protected temples raised by the 
wisdom of philosophers, whence thou mayst look down on poor 
mistaken mortals, wandering up and down in life's devious ways, 
some resting their fame on genms, or priding themselves on birth, 
day and night toiling anxiously to rise to high fortune and sov- 
ereign power." 

Archippns, an Athenian poet, of the old comedy, whose date is 
about 415 B.C., has a passage (auoted in Meineke's Frag. Comic. 
Gracor) which somewhat resembles the beginning of the and Book 
of Lucretius. Translated it is as follows : " How pleasant it is, O 
mother, to view the sea from the land, when we are sailing no- 
where." 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 57 



CHAPTER VII. 
1820. 

ARRIVES AT GLASGOW AND HEARS DR. CHALMERS — 
TRAVELS BY COACH ALONG THE LEVEN — SMOL- 
LETS' HOUSE — LOCH LOMOND — BUCHANAN HOUSE 
KILLEARN — BEN LOMOND — BALIRVOCKY — EDIN- 
BURGH — HOLYROOD PALACE — COURT OF SESSION 
— FRANCIS JEFFREY AND SIR WALTER SCOTT — 
HIS IMPRESSIONS OF SCOTLAND — CASTLE OF THE 
DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND AT ALNWICK — YORK 
CATHEDRAL. 



The Rock of Ailsa was seen by him on the 
30th June, 1820. The Firth of Clyde and its 
scenery struck him as resembUng the lower part 
of the River St. Lawrence. The town of Greenock 
was reached on the night after leaving Belfast. 

At Glasgow, where he arrived on the ist 
July, he put up at the Buck's Head on Argyle 
Street. He remarks on the elegance of the streets 
as to architecture, regularity and materials. 

"The College," he points out, "some part has an ancient 
appearance with towers resembling those of the old prison 
in Paris. The museum, which belongs to the College, is 
a new building. Its specimens of mineralogy and natural 
history are not many, but its anatomical preparations, 
which were first collected by Dr. Hunter, are probably 
tinrivalled. Its collection of coins is very valuable. The 
library contains some fine paintings — St. Catherine by 
Domenichino, a sweet painting — a Virgin and Child, by 



58 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

Guido — a Head by Titian. There are some border antiqui- 
ties, being chiefly votive monuments to Hadrian raised by 
the different legions after the completion of their appor- 
tioned parts of the Roman wall." 

At St. John's Church at Glasgow, he heard an 
eloquent sermon from the great Doctor Chalmers. 

From Glasgow he and his fellow traveller, 
Captain Sanders, pursued their way to Dum- 
barton. They went by the post boy steamboat, 
and were landed from a boat at the foot of the 
rock or promontory on which the Castle of Dum- 
barton stands. They continued their journey 
in — 

"a coach in company with two other coaches, one of 
which unfortunately drove over a boy at the village of 
Ren ton, which occasioned very great ferment, all the in- 
habitants being in the street threatening vengeance upon 
us all. We travelled along the beautiful fertile and classic 
banks of the Leven, where I with pleasure called to my 
recollection the pretty ode of Smollett : — 

'On Leven's bank while free to rove, 

And tune the rural pipe to love, 
I envied not the happiest swain. 

That e'er trod the Arcadian plain,' etc. 

"The site of Smollett's house, which was shown to us, 
belongs to the Smollett family. At Renton we saw the 
monument erected to the memory of Smollett. There are 
two country seats on the banks of the Leven near the 
entrance of Loch Lomond, built in the style of the ancient 
baronial castles which give additional beauty to the sur- 
rounding scenery. The one on the western bank is called 
the Castle of Ballychewan. 



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ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 59 

"At Ballach we again took steamboat to go up Loch 
Lomond. A short time after entering the Lake we came 
to several islands, one of which, Inch Murrin, is consider- 
able in size. Inch Crinie, is a place of confinement for all 
disorderly wives, of whom there are generally some under- 
going the usual course of penance." 

He saw Buchanan House. 

"In a bay, on the right hand going up the lake, is 
situated Buchanan House, the seat of the Duke of Mont- 
rose. Opposite to his grounds is Clare Inch, an island 
which formerly (as well as all the possessions of the Duke 
of Montrose here) belonged to the Lairds of Buchanan, 
and was their cri de guerre or slughom." 

The old mansion house of Buchanan was burnt 
down in 1850. Buchanan Castle, the present 
seat of the Duke of Montrose, lies about a mile 
to the West of the village of Drymen. The Castle 
was commenced in 1854 and completed in 1857. 

Continuing, he says: — 

"We had a distant view of the monument which has 
been erected in the Parish of Killeam to George Buchanan. 
We stopped a few minutes at Luss on the opposite side of 
the Loch. We touched at Tarbet after having at 2 P.M. 
visited and descended into Rob Roy's cave, which has been 
celebrated by Scott in one of his novels. 

"At 4 P.M. landed with Capt. Sanders at Row Ardennan 
at the foot of Ben Lomond. At the inn, where we dined 
and slept, we saw a record inscribed on the window of the 
intemperance of Kean, the actor. In our passage from 
Tarbet from the Lake to Row Ardennan, the melancholy 
gloom of the Loch and its surrounding scenery was height- 
ened by a funeral procession in boats which was proceed- 
ing across the Loch to Tarbet to perform the last solemn 
rite over a young lady. 



60 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

"At 7.30 A.M., (Tuesday, 4 July, 1820), commenced 
the ascent of Ben Lomond with Capt. Sanders and arrived 
at its summit at 5 minutes past 10. The weather being 
tolerably clear, the view was the grandest and most ex- 
tensive I ever witnessed. To the south was Dumbarton 
Castle, and the Clyde. S.W. by S. we saw the Firth of 
Clyde and the Islands of Arran and Bute. About west 
the Pass of Jura, and to the north of them the Isle of Mull. 
Immediately around us was a most majestic assemblage 
of lakes and mountains and islands. On the W. side of 
Ben Lomond is Loch Lomond, whose silver bosom is be- 
spangled with Inch Murran, Inch Crain, etc., and other 
islands. Beyond Tarbet we saw the extremity of Loch 
Long. At the eastern foot of Ben Lomond is Loch Katrine, 
rendered classical by the writings of Scott. S.E., Loch 
Ard and the Loch of Menteith. S. by E. the smoke of Glas- 
gow; S.E., Stirling. About E., the Firth of Forth. W. 
by N. are the mountains of Ben Voirlich and Ben Cruachan. 
N., Ben Nevis, the highest mountain in Great Britain. 
E., Ben Ledi and Ben Venue, the Pindus and Olympus of 
the great Scottish Bard. Ben Ard, N.N.E., Ben More. 

"At the foot of Ben Uird, or Blairvocky Hill, is Blair- 
vocky, the land which belonged to Buchanan of Blairvocky, 
my ancestor, who emigrated to Ireland. 

"We sat on the summit of the mountain one hour and 
twenty minutes. From our guide, who was a shepherd, I 
leamt the following song, which exhibits by its beauty the 
superior taste of the lower order of Scotch : — 



I. 



'Lowland lassie wilt thou go. 

Where the hills are clad wi' snow, 

Where beneath the icy steep. 

The hardy shepherd tends his sheep, 

111 or wae shall ye betide 

I'll row ye in my highland plaid. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 6l 

II. 

Soon the voice of cheerie spring ; 

Will gar a* our plantings ring; 
Soon our bonnie heather braes, 

Will put on their summer claes. 
On the mountain's sunny side, 

We'll lean us on my highland plaid. 

III. 

When the summer decks the flow'rs 
Busks the glens and leafy bow'rs, 

Then we'll seek the caller shade. 
And lean us on a primrose bed, 

And while the burning hours preside, 
I'll screen ye in my highland plaid. 

IV. 

Then we'll leave the sheep and goat, 

I will launch the bonnie boat, 
Skim the loch in cantie glee, 

Rest the oars to pleasure thee 
When chilly breezes sweep the tide, 

I'll row ye in my highland plaid. 

V. 

Lowland lads may dress them fine. 
Woo in words more saft than mine, 

Lowland lads hae mair o' art 
A' my boast's an honest heart, 

Whilk shall ever be my pride, 
To row ye in my highland plaid. 

IV. 

Bonnie lad ye've been sae leal. 

My heart would break at our fareweel. 

Long thy love has made me fain, 
Take me, take me for thy ain, 

Across the firth away they glide, 

Young Donald and his lowland bride." 



62 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

"At 11.25 A.M., we commenced our descent and arrived 
at Row Ardennan at 1.15 P.M. Two men whom we met 
during our descent performed the journey up and down 
the mountain in 2 hours and 40 minutes which appeared 
incredible to the guides. They went without a guide." 

Returning to Glasgow, he proceeded to Edin- 
burgh and found the surrounding country very 
picturesque. He arrived at the Star Inn, Prince's 
Street, on the 5th July, 1820. 

"The streets," he says, "are very handsome in the New 
Town. View from the Calton Hill, on which is a monument 
to Lord Nelson, much in the shape of a lighthouse, in my 
opinion bad taste. This view includes the Firth of Forth, 
the lower parts of the old town and all the New Town. 
The Regent bridge has been finished very lately, and is a 
great ornament to the City." 

He goes on to say : — 

"Castle of Edinburgh situated on a lofty rock. The 
Regalia of Scotland in a room in the Castle were lately 
discovered in a chest in which they had been deposited 
in the last century at the Union, consisting of a crown, 
sceptre and sword of state. In High Street we visited 
the house formerly inhabited by Knox, the great reformer. 
The uniformity of the street is interrupted by the projec- 
tion of this house. At the comer of the house is a small 
sculpture of Knox in his pulpit. There is a small stone 
inscribed with the following words : — 

• THEOS — DEUS — GOD. ' 

"Holyrood Palace is situated in a low spot at the foot 
of Arthur's Seat, a mountain. It is a plain building in 
the shape of a quadrangle with a court inside and a cloister. 
The principal curiosities of this place are the State bed 
chamber of Queen Mary, as also her private bed chamber 
and bed — The small room in which she was sitting with 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 63 

the Duchess of Argyll and Rizzio when thef avorite was 
seized and dragged from her presence — The door at which 
Damley and the other conspirators entered her bed cham- 
ber. Holyrood Abbey in its present state is the most 
beautiful ruin I ever beheld. One of the cloisters or aisles 
is nearly perfect and the beautiful window in now entire, 
having been of late restored — it fell with the rest of the 
building under the weight of the stone roof. Here may be 
seen, now stopped up, traces of the doors through which 
Damley ascended to murder Rizzio, and that through 
which Mary descended into the Chapel. In one comer of 
the Chapel is the vault containing the remains of many 
Scottish Kings. Here also repose many of the nobility of 
Scotland." 

In the Court of Session at Edinburgh he saw 
Francis Jeffery, Cranstoun and Tom Clarke and 
Sir Walter Scott, Prothonotary of the Court. 

In these words does he eloqviently record his 
impressions of Scotland : — 

"Thus being about to take leave of Scotland, it is my 
duty to admit that no country has ever interested me so 
much and was so undeserving of the short stay which I 
made in it. Caledonia, how great are thy attractions when 
we regard the rugged grandeur of thy highlands, the fertility 
and beauty of thy Lothian, the intelligence of thy sons 
and the beauty of thy cities! Who that has trod thy soil 
could view without emotion the fields immortalized by 
thy heroes resisting the progress of a hostile and ambitious 
neighbour! The same feelings gave rise to the following 
beautiful sentences of Johnson on landing at Icolmkill : — 

*' *We were now treading that illustrious island which 
was once the luminary of the Caledonian regions, whence 
savage clans and roving barbarians derived the benefits 
of knowledge and the blessings of religion. To abstract 
the mind from all local emotion would be impossible if 
it were endeavored, and would be foohsh if it were pos- 



64 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

sible. Whatever withdraws us from the powers of our 
senses, whatever makes the past, the distant or the future, 
predominate over the present, advances us in the dignity 
of thinking beings. Far from me and far from my friends, 
be such frigid philosophy, as may conduct us, indifferent 
and unmoved, over any ground which has been dignified 
by wisdom, bravery or virtue. The man is Httle to be 
envied, whose patriotism would not gain force, upon the 
plain of Marathon, or whose piety would not grow warmer 
among the ruins of lona.' 

"Cicero in the beginning of his V Book de fin. boni et 
mali, has put these sentiments into the mouths of his 
philosophic disputants : — 

" *Tum Piso, Natura ne nobis hoc, inquit, 
datum dicam, cum errore quodam, et cum ea 
locavideamus, in quibus memoria dignos viros 
acceperimus multos esse versatos, magis move- 
amur quam si quando eorum ipsorum aut facto 
audiamus, aut scriptum aliquid legamus ? Velut 
ego nunc moveor, venit enim mihi Platonis in 
mentem.' 

* Well may the traveller exclaim in the language of the great, 
Tully : ' Quacunquo enim ingredimur in aliquam historiam 
vestigium ponuis.*" 

On his way back to England he passed through 
Berwick and Alnwick, where he viewed the Castle 
of the Duke of Northumberland, which he says 

** is a very extensive building and one of the most ancient 
and perfect of its kind in all England. The battlements sur- 



(i) "Then," said Piso, "shall I say that this is implanted in us 
by nature, or by some mistake, that when we see those places 
which we have heard that men who deserve to be had in recollection 
have much frequented, we are more moved than when we hear even 
of their actual deeds, or than when we read some one of their writings? 
just as I am affected now. For the remembrance of Plato comes 
into my mind." 

(2) "For wherever we step we place our feet on some history.'! 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 65 

mounted with stone statues in every attitude make the 
castle seem as if besieged. One of these statues over a 
gateway is a representation of George Buchanan in rather 
an unseemly posture in conformity to a vulgar anecdote 
of that personage and the King of England. At a short 
distance from Alnwick is a fine stone monument, at the 
top of which is the Lion of the Percy raised to the memory 
of the late Duke of Northumberland by his tenants." 

At York he, — 

"took a survey of the celebrated Cathedral of York; 
certainly equal to anything of the kind which I have 
seen — with difficulty .1 found an entrance into this most 
solemn and magnificent of temples ; remained some time 
traversing its aisles contemplating^the majestic grandeur 
of the internal architecture." 

On his way to London, which he reached on 
the nth July, 1820, he, — 

*' passed many crosses, besides that of Waltham, raised 
by Edward I. to commemorate the places at which the 
body of his queen stopped on its way to the place of 
sepulture. Went to the Crown Tavern in Bow Lane; the 
coach was greatly retarded by the crowds'^of people who 
had assembled to see the ascent of the grasshopper to the 
top of the steeple of Bow Church." 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 6/ 

CHAPTER VIII. 
1820. 

IN LONDON — GUILDHALL SESSIONS OF THE KING'S 
BENCH — AT BULLODE'S — BRITISH GALLERY — 
DINES AT RICHMOND — LEAVES LONDON AND SAILS 
FOR NEW YORK — SOME OF THE CELEBRATED MEN 
HE SAW ON HIS TRAVELS. 



On the 12th July, 1820, he says: — ** Was em- 
ployed some part of the day in discovering the 
residence of Mr. James Buchanan," and the next 
day, " left the Crown, removed to 8 Northumber- 
land Street, Strand, where my cousin lived." This 
was his future father-in-law, James Buchanan, 
then British Consul at New York, who had sailed 
for England on the 9th May, 1820, in the Man- 
chester Packet via Halifax. He had stopped five 
days at Halifax, and arrived in London on the 
9th June, 1820. He returned from England by 
Liverpool in the " Nestor," on the 3rd October, 
1820, and arrived at New York on the 2nd 
November, 1820. 

The time was now rapidly approaching 
when he should leave to return to Canada and 
settle down to the practice of his profession. 

Neglecting no opportunity to improve his 
mind and forensic studies, he went to the Guild- 
hall Sessions of the Court of King's Bench pre- 



68 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

sided by Chief Justice Abbott. He saw Haydon's 
picture of Christ's Entrance into Jerusalem, and 
Gericault's picture of the Wreck of the French 
Frigate Medusa, both at Bullude's. At the British 
Gallery in Pall Mall he saw chiefly portraits, a 
good marble bust of Cromwell, and the Death of 
Lord Chatham. He dined at Mr. Scott's, Bedford 
Row, and with Robert Hayes and Sanders went 
to Richmond and from there to Hampton Court 
in a gig. 

"Passed through Bushey Park. The gardens at Hamp- 
ton are very fine and well laid out. The palace has a fine 
front but the remainder of the building is of brick and is 
poor in appearance. The collection of paintings is large; 
among them are the celebrated cartoons of Raffaele. After 
having returned to Richmond, dined there and walked in 
the Park, we took stage for London." 

His friends Shortt and Goodman, whose names 
so frequently recur in the Journal, were his school 
fellows at Dr. Wilkie's school. W. T. P. Shortt 
took his M.A. at Worcester College, Oxford. He 
wrote several curious books, — '* Collectanea curiosa 
antiqua Dunmonia, or an essay on Druidical re- 
mains in Devon," " Sylva antiqua Iscana, or 
Roman and other antiquities of Exeter." He also 
wrote a History of Canada in Greek in contrac- 
tions, and ** A Visit to Milan, Florence." After 
leaving college he was gazetted to the 34th Regi- 
ment of Foot. Dr. Goodman returned to Canada 
and practised his profession at St. Catharines, 
Upper Canada. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 69 

Having said farewell to his friends in London, 
he left there on Saturday the 29th July, 1820. 
At II p.m. on the ist August he embarked on 
board the '' Amity " bound for New York, where 
he arrived on Sunday, the 3rd day of September. 

While on his travels he assiduously attended 
the Courts and public assemblies of Great Britain, 
Ireland and France. At Westminster he saw 
Chief Justice Abbott, afterwards Lord Tenterden, 
presiding in the King's Bench with Judges Bay- 
ley, Holroyd and Best, and heard at the Bar, Sir 
James Scarlett, afterwards Lord Chief Baron 
Abinger, Sir John Campbell, afterguards Lord 
Chancellor, Sir John Jervis, and Peake and Pullen. 
At Doctor's Commons he saw Sir William Scott 
on the Bench and heard Dr. Lushington at the 
Bar. In the Four Courts at Dubhn he heard 
Plunket, Bushe and Burton in the Chancery 
Court and vScott and others in the King's Bench. 
In the Court of Sessions at Edinburgh, he heard 
and saw Jeffrey, Cranstoun and Tom Clarke and 
the Prothonotary, Sir Walter Scott. In the 
House of Commons he saw Speaker Sutton and 
heard Brougham, Tiemey, Lord Archibald Ham- 
ilton, Col. Davis and Joseph Hume. At Glasgow 
he heard the eloquent Dr. Chalmers in the pulpit. 
And on the stage he saw Macready and Kean, 
the comic Liston, Talma and Garcia. In the 
London hospitals he heard lectures by Abemethy, 
Millington, Sir William Blizzard, Astley Cooper 
and Headington. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 7I 



CHAPTER IX. 

1820-1825. 

HE REMOVES TO MONTREAL AND BEGINS PRACTICE 
WITH JAMES STUART — SIR JAMES STUART — THE 
BENCH AND BAR OF LOWER CANADA IN 1820 — HIS 
SISTER'S MARRIAGE — HIS BROTHER GEORGE AR- 
TICLED TO MR. PERRAULT — JOSEPH FRANCOIS PER- 
RAULT — ALEXANDER'S MARRIAGE WITH MARY ANN 
BUCHANAN — THEIR RELATIONSHIP — PERSONS 
PRESENT AT THE WEDDING — HIS SUCCESS AT THE 
BAR — HE FORMS A PARTNERSHIP WITH SOLICITOR- 
GENERAL OGDEN — HON. CHARLES RICHARD OGDEN. 



It was not long after his return to Canada, 
that he came to Hve in Montreal, where he now 
began to practise that profession, in which he 
became so distinguished. On the 24th May, 182 1, 
he took out his first writ in the Court of King's 
Bench at Montreal, and during that year he was 
counsel in a number of cases. 

In the October Term of that year, he figures 
as plaintiff, having, through O'SulHvan & Grant, 
sued Zabdiel Thayer for legal services. He ob- 
tained judgment on the loth October, 182 1, for 
;£25 . 1 . 10, for "fees and disbursements of office." 

In the beginning of the year 1822, he entered 
into partnership with Mr. James Stuart. The 
practice of partnership among advocates, derived 
from that of the Courts of England, was intro- 



'J2 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

duced about that time. Michael O'SulHvan and 
J. C. Grant in 182 1, were the first to inaugurate 
this system. Then came the firm of Stuart & 
Buchanan, and these examples were speedily 
followed by Ogden & Gugy, Beaubien &; Badgley, 
Viger & DriscoU, Lacroix & Walker, Bedard & 
Mondelet, Clark & Bedard, McMillan & Rossiter, 
Sewell & Griffin, and others, 

The firm of Stuart & Buchanan took out their 
first writ on the 19th January, 1822. 

His partner, Mr. James Stuart, had been 
Solicitor-General, but having been dismissed from 
his office in 1809, by Sir James Craig, for being 
discourteous and for not having defended the 
policy of the Executive Government, although 
not now a member of the Assembly, was in active 
opposition to the Government. Kingsford says 
of him, '*Mr. Stuart's superior talents would have 
gained him pre-eminence in any situation, and he 
was restrained by Uttle scruple in the exercise of 
them." At this time he was forty years old, 
having been bom in 1780. He had been admitted 
to the Bar in 1801, and practised at Quebec until 
1805, when ''at the early age of twenty-five he 
was appointed Solicitor-General of Lower Canada," 
and removed to Montreal. In 1825, he became 
Attorney -General, which office he held until 1830, 
when he was suspended by Lord Aylmer upon 
the report of the Standing Committee of 
Grievances of the Assembly recommending a 
petition to the King petitioning him to dismiss 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. y^t 

the Attorney -General for exacting fees on Com- 
missions issued on the King's demise, for arrogance, 
and a number of other trivial complaints, and 
was subsequently removed from his office by Lord 
Goderich, the Colonial Secretary, for having 
exacted fees for the renewals of the Commissions 
of Notaries and others on the death of the King, 
and having, contrary to the law, inserted in the 
text of the Commissions '' during pleasure." He 
was appointed Chief Justice of Lower Canada in 
1838. He was created a Baronet in 1842, and 
died in 1853. 

"Few public men," says Kingsford, "have left behind 
them so unenviable a reputation for haughtiness and re- 
serve. His ability and his knowledge as a lawyer remain 
unimpeachable. It was said of him that he once declared 
that he had never read a book unless with the view of ob- 
taining information practically of use to him. His appli- 
cation was great, and any subject which as a duty he 
studied he mastered. But he was without generous sym- 
pathy with literature, and his speeches attracted by power 
and force rather than by literary grace and poHsh. He 
was one of the last to whom Ovid's well-known lines could 
be applied: 

" Ingenuas didicisse fideliter artes 
Emollit mores, nee sinuit esse feros." 

The partnership of Stuart & Buchanan lasted 
until about April, 1825, when Mr. Stuart on his 
appointment as Attorney-General returned to 
Quebec. 

In the year 1820, the Bench of Lower 
Canada was composed of Chief Justices Monk, at 



74 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

Montreal, and Sewell, at Quebec, and puisne 
Judges Reid, Foucher and Pyke, at Montreal, and 
Kerr, Bowen and Perrault, at Quebec. The Hon. 
Pierre B^dard was Provincial Judge at Three 
Rivers. Judge Ogden, who had not sat on the 
Bench for some years, being absent in England 
on leave, had just resigned, being replaced by the 
Advocate-General George Pyke. 

The Attorney-General was Norman Fitzgerald 
Uniacke, and the Solicitor-General, Charles Mar- 
shall. Uniacke, son of the Hon. Richard John 
Uniacke, of Halifax, sometime Attorney-General 
of Nova Scotia, had received this appointment 
on June, 20, 1809, but not having given satisfaction, 
he was suspended in the following year by Sir 
James Craig. Chief Justice Sewell and Judges 
de Bonne and Kerr being asked to report as to 
his fitness for that position, reported that they 
considered the Attorney -General's knowledge of 
Criminal Law very superficial, his knowledge of 
the Civil Law defective, that he possessed little 
acquaintance of the French language, and that 
they did not consider him qualified for the office. 
Chief Justice Monk and Judges Panet and Ogden 
reported that they had hardly had a chance to 
judge of his efficiency, but they did not think he 
quite came up to what the Attorney General 
should be. Having obtained leave of absence, 
Uniacke went to England and being reinstated in 
his position returned to Montreal and held it until 
1825, when he was appointed Judge of the King's 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 75 

Bench in Montreal. In September, 1818, as the 
result of an accident in Montreal, his left leg was 
amputated. He sat on the Bench until 1834, 
when he resigned and was succeeded by Samuel 
Gale. He returned to Nova Scotia where he was 
named Judge of the Superior Court. He died on 
nth December, 1846, at Halifax. 

The Solicitor General, Charles Marshall, who 
was an Englishman and a barrister of the Inner 
Temple, was appointed to that office on 1 2th June, 
1 8 1 7 . Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, having in 1 8 1 6 
dismissed Stephen Sewell for his action in publish- 
ing certain libellous documents to discredit the 
Government, complained to the Home Office that 
he could not fill the office of Solicitor General from 
the Bar here, and asked that a lawyer be sent 
from the English Bar to fill the office. Marshall, 
on the recommendation of Lord Chief Justice 
Vicary Gibbs, was sent out, and arrived in Quebec 
in the month of June, 18 17. He was required 
to reside in Quebec (the Attorney General living 
at Montreal) and the inadequacy of his salary led 
to employing him in the Criminal business of the 
Courts. Previous to coming to Canada, he ap- 
pears to have contracted an unfortunate marriage, 
but he did not bring his wife to Canada, nor allow 
her to join him here. In 1822, Uniacke, whom 
Marshall had hoped to succeed in his office as At- 
torney General, having declined to resign his 
office, he (Marshall) obtained leave of absence 



'jd ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

and returned to England, and does not appear to 
have come back to Canada. 

The Advocate General was George Vanfelson, 
appointed on the 28th January, 18 19. ''He was 
given a dinner by the Gentlemen of the Bar on 
the 6th February, 18 19, at Mailhot's Hotel (at 
Quebec) on his appointment." 

In 1820 the only King's Counsel were David 
Ross, of Quebec, Alexis Caron and C. R. Ogden. 
The following gentlemen were subsequently ap- 
pointed to this rank in the order named: J. T. 
Taschereau in 182 1, the first French Canadian to 
receive this rank of distinction ; Pierre Vezina, of 
Three Rivers, in 1824; J. R.Valli^res de St. R^al, in 
1825 ; Stephen Sewell, who had been Solicitor 
General, in 1827 ; A.W. Cochran and Joseph B6dard 
in 1828; Michael O'Sullivan, Frederic Auguste 
Quesnel and Philipe Panet, in 1831; Dominique 
Mondelet, in 1833; A. D. Bostwick, of Three 
Rivers, James Charles Grant, who died the year 
after his appointment, Alexander Buchanan and 
Jean Francois Joseph Duval, in 1835 ; and in 1836, 
Henry Black, of Quebec, was the last to receive 
the patent of King's Counsel. These names re- 
presented the leaders of the Bar of Lower Canada 
during the years 1816 to 1835. But mention 
must be made of the following lawyers, who, 
although not honored with this mark of distinction, 
were eminent at the Bar: Andrew Stuart, at one 
time Solicitor General; Louis Plamondon, John 
Fletcher, afterwards a Judge for St. Francis ; Louis 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. ^"7 

Moquin, and B. C. A. Gugy, at Quebec, and 
Samuel Gale, Denis B. Viger, Jean R. Rolland, 
Toussaint Peltier, William Walker, C. C. S. de 
Bleury, C. S. Cherrier, and Louis Hypolite Lafon- 
taine, at Montreal. 

The Duke of Richmond, from whom Alexander 
had received his commission of advocate, died in 
August, 1819, and was succeeded by the Earl of 
Dalhousie, who held office of Governor General 
for eight years until 1828. 

On the 3rd November, 1820, Alexander's sis- 
ter Jane was married to Captain William Hall. 
They were married at Quebec by the Revd. James 
Harkness, of St. Andrew's Church, and Mr. J. F. 
Perrault signed the Register. The following letter 
speaks for itself : — 

Monsieur & Ami, QUEBEC, le 31, 8re, 1820. 

J'ai r^gl^ le compte de votre soeur sur le meme pied que 
j'ai 6tabli le v6tre & il lui revient les sommes suivantes k 
prendre sur 

Int^r^t k compter du 9, pvre, 1820. M. 
John White, appliqu6 sur la maison 
de feu votre p^re ;£^iooo. 

Int^ret k compter du 28, 8re, 1820. M. 
John Ross, sur le pr^t de ;£^5oo, 

son 1/3 166.13. 4 

M. J. Fr. X., fils, les efTets achet^s 

a I'encan de feu votre p^re 58 . 13 . 1 1 

Int<5r6t k compter du i, pre, 1820. Moi 
mtoe pr. reliquat de compte de tu- 
telle 246 . 13 . 7 



Total £ 



I 472. o.io 



78 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

ce qui donnera une rente annuelle de ;^88.6.5^ k votre 
soeur, si vous jugez convenable de laisser ces differentes 
sommes k int^ret comme vous m'avez paru d^sirer d'en 
faire une clause dans son contrat de manage, Je vous 
envoy e ce detail pour I'etablir plus certainement cor- 
rectivement. 

J'ai I'honneur d'toe avec consideration, 
Votre affection^ serviteur et ami, 

J. F. Perrault. 
M. Alex. Buchanan, 

Avocat, Present. 

By her contract of marriage referred to and 
passed ' ' at the dwelling house of the above named 
Joseph Francois Perrault in the said City of Que- 
bec, in the afternoon of the 3rd November, 1820*' 
her brother Alexander, Andrew Stuart, Advocate, 
and Henry Black, Advocate, who were all parties 
to the deed, were appointed Trustees to receive 
certain claims and invest the proceeds for her 
benefit. 

The venerable Perrault evidently had a desire 
to have his wedding present to Jane placed on 
record and be known to posterity, for the deed 
solemnly sets forth ' ' and the said Joseph Francois 
Perrault, for and in consideration of \he affection 
which he beareth towards the said Jane Buchanan 
doth hereby give unto the said Jane Buchanan in 
token thereof, a tea pot, cream ewer and sugar 
dish, all of silver plate, hereof accepting the said 
Jane Buchanan by and with the authority of the 
said Joseph Francois Perrault." 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 79 

On the 19th July, 182 1, Alexander Buchanan, 
on the advice of a family council of himself 
and John Buchanan, brothers, and William 
Hall, brother-in-law, Andrew Stuart, Jos. Fr. X. 
Perrault, junior, Edward Burroughs and Henry 
Black, friends of George Buchanan, was appointed 
by Mr. Justice Bowen tutor to him to pass 
his articles of clerkship for the profession of the 
law with Mr. J. F. Perrault. The application to 
the Court for the necessary authority to pass the 
indentures was made by Mr. Perrault and recites 
that George Buchanan, minor, of the age of six- 
teen years in August, 182 1, has had a liberal 
education, which puts him in a position to aspire 
to the profession of advocate, attorney, and 
solicitor in this Province, or of Prothonotary — 
that it is necessary to pass a brevet to this effect 
with some qualified person of the profession — that 
his revenues are only annually £^0, and conse- 
quently too slight to provide for his keep and 
board, and that it will be necessary to find some 
one of the profession who would be willing to 
charge himself with his ''logement, chauffage et 
nourriture " for his work, and permit him to retain 
his thirty pounds current for his keep, without 
touching his capital of ;£5oo — and therefore, if 
some one of the Bar wish to accept this condition 
that Mr. Perrault be authorized to pass the deed 
of apprenticeship of George Buchanan with such 
person, if not, that there be named a tutor 
to pass with him articles. The articles were 



80 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

signed at Quebec on the 31 July, 182 1, at which 
time Alexander is described as of Montreal. 

Mr. Perrault whose, name occurs so frequently 
in these proceedings, was for many years Pro- 
thonotary of the Court of King's Bench at Quebec. 
He was born in 1753, and commenced the study 
of the law in 1790, with Maitre Mezieres, advocate, 
at Montreal. He had almost completed his term 
of apprenticeship with M. Mezieres, when that 
gentleman died. The Legislative Council having 
rejected a bill dispensing with the six months 
that remained to be completed, he was on the 8th 
May, 1795, appointed with David Lynd, Pro- 
thonotary of the King's Bench and Clerk of the 
Peace and Sessions at Quebec. He died on the 
5th April, 1844, aged 91 years. 

The account of tutorship rendered by Mr. 
Perrault is interesting as showing life in Quebec 
in the early part of the century. 

The very first item is "pr. autant que Jane a 
perdu au jeu chez M. Vanfelson, 0.2.6," yet Jane 
was only sixteen at the time. She had evidently 
come out in society in 18 16, for in that year there is 
an entry" donn6 a Jane pour souliers, rubans, gands, 
et k elle pr. le bal de la reine ;£i.o.o." In 1817 
she went to a ball at the Chateau, and in 18 18 
to a ball at Mr. Duchesnay's. In the latter 
year she went into mourning for the Princess 
Charlotte. These items explain themselves: — 
in 18 18, "donn6 k Jane 4/- neuf pr. marquerau 
wist." In 18 19, "donn6 a Jane pr. payer le char- 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 8t 

etier qui Tamene du bal du chateau, 0.2.9.'* I^ 
August, 18 19, she was given ;£2 . lo.o. for her trip 
to Varennes in the steamboat as far as Sorel, 
7/6 for her half of a caleche from Sorel to Var- 
ennes, the same to return from Varennes to Sorel, 
and £2.$. for the steamboat to come down. In 
March, 1820, M. Baby gave a ball to which she 
went. Jane was educated at the Ursuline Convent, 
at Quebec, where she made her first communion 
as a Catholic, but on her marriage to Captain 
Hall, she returned to the Protestant Church. 

The account also contains the expenses for 
George : — 

In 18 16 he was taking lessons in dancing. He 
also went to a French school in Quebec. . In May, 
18 1 7, the sum of ;£27 . i .9 was paid to Mr. Wilkie 
for six months' school tuition for George; in 
November of the same year £28 .8.0, and in Feb- 
ruary following ;£i4.5.o; 11 May, 18 18, ;£i2. 12.6 
for one quarter, and in November, ;£2i.i3.2. 
During the summer of 18 17, Alexander went on a 
trip to Brandy Pots. Jane was in Montreal and 
George went to Riviere Quelle, probably on a visit 
to the Perraults. 

Previous to the ist of April, 18 19, Mr. Perrault 
settled George's affairs with his brother Alexander, 
and on that date appears to have opened a new 
and special account for him. 

In 182 1, George was attending the dancing 
school of M. Provendie, mtre. de danse, and in 
6 



82 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

1822, that of M. Rod, who charged ten shillings 
a month. About July, 1822, having taken lessons 
in navigation from Capt. Wm. Hutton, for which 
he paid £2.0.0., he appears to have left 
Canada on a sea voyage, and seems to have been 
a long time absent for his name does not appear 
again until 1828, when apparently he returned, 
for on the 7 th June of that year there is an entry 
of two poimds having been paid him for his voy- 
age to Montreal. 

On the 22nd October, 1829, Mr. Perrault 
settled his account, at which time George was pre- 
sumably in Quebec. 

On the 22nd July, 1822, by deed of "deliver- 
ance de legs," passed at Montreal, "Alexander 
Buchanan, Esquire, of the said City of Montreal, 
Advocate, acting as well for himself and for and 
in the name and on behalf of his brother John 
Buchanan, of Hawkesbury, in the Province of 
Upper Canada, Gentleman, duly authorized to 
this effect by Letter of Attorney, and Jane Bu- 
chanan, wife of William Hall, also of said Mont- 
real, Master of the Steamboat "New Swiftsure," 
hereunto authorized by her said husband, also 
party hereto, universal residuary legatees of the 
late John Buchanan, Esquire, in his lifetime of the 
City of Quebec, in the said Province, Surgeon," 
transferred to George Buchanan, accepting by 
Francois Xavier Bender, of Montreal, Advocate, 
the sum of £soo, as the last instalment of the 
price of ;£3,5oo. currency due by John White for 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 83 

the house and premises situated in Parloir Street, 
in the Upper Town of the City of Quebec. The 
sale of this property led to a lawsuit. In 1823, 
Alexander Buchanan, John Buchanan, William 
Hall, and Jane Mary Buchanan, his wife, brought 
an action in the Court of King's Bench at Quebec, 
against John White and James McCallum for 
;£2,ooo., two instalments of the purchase price of 
;£3,5oo., currency, due 9th May, 1819, and 9th 
May, 182 1, and against Joseph Francois Perrault 
for a deliverance of all the real and personal pro- 
perty of their father Dr. John Buchanan. The 
Court of King's Bench, on the 20th of June, 1823 
gave judgment in favor of the Plaintiffs. In this 
case Stuart & Black acted for the Plaintiffs and 
Mr. ValHeres de St. Real for the Defendants. This 
judgment was confirmed in the Provincial Court 
of Appeals on the 20th November, 1823, and by 
the Privy Council on the 28th April, 1828. 

On the 31st January, 1824, Mr. Buchanan's 
name is found as godfather to the son of his 
partner, James Stuart, who was named Charles 
James, and became Sir Charles James Stuart, 
Baronet. * 



(i) Sir Charles Stuart, Baronet, died on the asth February, 
190 1, at 98 Eaton Square, London, aged 77 years, fie was buried 
at Brompton Cemetery. His only sister, Mary Stuart, died on the 



and of March, 1901, at her late brother's residence. The following 
appeared in "The Times" of March ist, 1901: — 

"Sir Charles Stuart, second Baronet, died at his residence in 
Eaton Square, on Monday, aged 77. Educated at University Col- 
lege, Oxford, where he graduated in 1845; be was called to the Bar 
at the Inner Teniple in 1848, and succeeded his father, who was 
Chief Justice of Lower Canada, in 1853. Sir Charles Stuart, it 



84 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

On the 2nd of March, 1824, Alexander Bu- 
chanan married Mary Ann, the eldest daughter 
of James Buchanan, British Consul at New York. 

The following statement of James Buchanan 
shews the exact relationship which existed between 
Doctor John Buchanan and himself:— 

"My daughter, Mary Ann," James Buchanan writes,, 
"married Alexander Buchanan, Q.C, whose father was 
Physician to the Forces at Quebec, whose grandfather and 
my father were cousins by my mother's side, his father 
named John, the grandfather Alexander, and resided at 
Fintona." 

Mary Ann Buchanan was bom at Farmhill, 
near Omagh, on the nth June, 1802, and was 
thus twenty-two years old at the time of her 
marriage. 

The wedding took place at the Manhattan 
Bank House, Bowery Hill, at New York, They 
were married by the Reverend Doctor Jonathan 
Mayhew Wainwright, Rector of Grace Church, 
New York. Doctor Wainwright afterwards be- 
came Rector of Trinity Church, Boston, and then 
Bishop of New York. 

Among the relations and guests present were 
Mr. and Mrs. James Buchanan, their children, 
Robert Stewart, John Stewart, Oliver William 
(only 4 years old), Jane, Sarah, Elizabeth, Maria,. 



himself succeeded by his brother Major- General Edward Andrew 
Stuart, who was bom in 1832, served in the Crimea where he was 
severely wounded, and in the China war of i860, was Lieutenant- 
Governor of Chelsea Hospital from 1855 to i860, and is Colonel of 
the Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)." 




MARY ANN BUCHANAN. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 85 

Isabella, and Amelia, and their friends Emily 
Neilson, Elizabeth Neilson, Caroline Black, Matilda 
Few, Catharine F. Stuyvesant, E. M. Munroe, 
Susan de Lancey, Juliana Gouvemeur, Julia M. 
Lambert, Margaret Tumbull, Martha Glover, M. 
P. Carey, S. E. Perkins, Mr. and Mrs. Cadwallader 
D. Colden, Thomas William Moore, David R. 
Lambert, M. Munroe, Thomas Proctor, Thomas 
G. Carey, Samuel Glover, Francis Stoughton, 
James Munroe, Junior, Peter Stuyvesant and 
Thomas Frost. 

Alexander Buchanan was now fast making a 
name for himself in his profession, in which he 
was eminently successful and soon took his place 
as a leader at the Montreal Bar. 

About October, 1824, he entered into partner- 
ship with the Hon. Charles Richard Ogden, then 
Solicitor-General. 

Ogden, who was a son of Judge Isaac Ogden, 
was the senior of Alexander Buchanan both in 
years and at the Bar by seven years. He was 
bom in 1 791, and, having studied law at Montreal, 
was admitted to the Barini8i2. Ini8i6, not four 
years after his call to the Bar, he was appointed a 
King's Counsel, being the fourth lawyer of Lower 
Canada to receive that honour. He first practised 
at Three Rivers, and in 18 18 was appointed to act 
as Attorney-General and Solicitor-General for the 
District of Three Rivers. In 1824 he was ap- 
pointed Solicitor-General of Lower Canada, when 
he removed to Montreal and "entered into 



86 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

partnership with Mr. Buchanan of that City. 
The firm soon became eminent in the profession, 
and the members of it enjoyed a very large and 
lucrative practice.'* In 1833, Mr. Ogden was ad- 
vanced to the office of Attorney -General, when he 
removed to Quebec. He was Attorney-General 
until 1842, when he went to England, where he 
died in 1866. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C, 8/ 



CHAPTER X. 

1825-1835. 

THE FIRM OF OGDEN & BUCHANAN — OF BUCHANAN 
& ANDREWS — HIS CASES — THE BROTHERS-IN-LAW 
CLUB — FOUNDATION OF THE ADVOCATES LIBRARY 
— HE IS ITS FIRST SECRETARY — REPORT OF COM- 
MITTEE AS TO THE STUDY FOR THE BAR — THE 
MONTREAL COMMITTEE — HE IS MASTER OF ST. 
PAUL'S LODGE — DEATH OF WILLIAM BUCHANAN OF 
YAMASKA — MARRIAGE OF ANN BUCHANAN TO 
HENRY McFARLANE. 



The firm of Ogden & Buchanan did an active 
business until 1833, when, as has been said, Mr. 
Ogden left Montreal to live at Quebec. About 
March, 1832, Henry Ogden Andrews had become 
a partner in the firm of Ogden, Buchanan & An- 
drews, and when Mr. Ogden retired, the firm 
became Buchanan & Andrews and remained so 
until 1 84 1, when the firm of Buchanan & Johnson 
came into existence. In 185 1, Mr. Buchanan was 
in partnership with John Bleakley and H. O. 
Andrews, the firm then being Buchanan, Bleak- 
ley & Andrews. 

Mr. Buchanan conducted many important 
cases involving grave questions of law, and not a 
few of these cases went to the Privy Council. But 
owing to the absence of any regular reports of the 
decisions of the Courts of Lower Canada during 



88 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

his practice, only very slight information is ob- 
tainable concerning his cases. The case of Dorion 
vs. Dorion was among the first of importance in 
which he was engaged. This was an action 
petitio haereditatis by which the Plaintiffs claimed 
that the Defendants had taken possession of the 
Estate of Jacques Dorion, without any legal 
authority for so doing. Stuart & Buchanan were 
for the Plaintiffs and Mr. B. Beaubien and Mr. 
Samuel Gale appeared for the several Defendants. 
The case was argued in the King's Bench in Mont- 
real in 1822, and that Court, in 1824, decided 
that the property, of which no disposition had 
been made in the Will of the Testator, belonged 
to the Plaintiffs. The Plaintiffs were not satis- 
fied with this judgment and appealed to the Court 
of Appeals at Quebec, which Court, in 1828, re- 
versed the judgment; Stuart & Buchanan for the 
Appellants, Mr. Beaubien with Mr. Valli^res de St. 
R^al for the Respondents. The case then went 
to the Privy Council and there both the former 
judgments were reversed and the case sent back 
in order that certain parties might be added to 
the record. This case was before the Courts as 
late as 1857, when it was finally decided in the 
Superior Court in Montreal. By that time the 
parties originally in the case as well as their counsel 
had all passed away, and Mr. C. S. Cherrier, Q.C, 
and Mr. A. A. Dorion (the late Chief Justice Sir 
Antoine Dorion) acted for the representatives of 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 89 

the Plaintiffs, and the firm of Leblanc and Cas- 
sidy for the Defendants. 

The first mention of Buchanan's name in the 
law reports is in 1823 on the Appeal of John Scott 
and others and the Phoenix Assurance Co. This 
appeal arose out of an interlocutory order of the 
Court of King's Bench at Montreal, in an action 
of covenant upon a policy of insurance by which 
that Court assumed the power of compelling the 
parties to submit the matters in contest between 
them to arbitrators, thereby enforcing the specific 
execution of the clause or condition in the policy 
under which the parties had agreed that, in case 
any difference or dispute should arise touching 
any loss or damage, such difference was to be sub- 
mitted to the judgment and determination of 
arbitrators. 

Buchanan for the Appellant argued that in 
three distinct points of view the Court below had 
acted unwarrantably in referring the matters in 
issue between the parties to arbitrators: — 

1. That considering the terms in which the 
condition was couched it appeared, evidently, to 
have been the intention of the parties that the 
submission to arbitration should be dependent on 
the free will of the parties, but if the parties did 
submit, that the award to be made should be 
obligatory. 

2. That even a submission to arbitration is a 
revocable instrument and is assimilated to a power 
of attorney ; a fortiori ^^.n agreement to submit can- 



90 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

not bind irrevocably. And a party refusing stare 
compromisso could be made liable only to a penalty 
agreed upon, or to assessed damages. In accord- 
ance with which is the principle of the French law 
declaring that the courts cannot decree a specific 
performance. 

3. That the King cannot, by an agreement 
between any two or more of his subjects, be 
divested of his prerogative of judicial supremacy 
the exercise of which he had delegated to his courts 
of justice. That those courts have accordingly 
held that a mere agreement of persons to submit 
matters in dispute between them to arbitration 
cannot oust the courts of their jurisdiction, nor 
deprive the contracting parties of their right of 
resorting to the royal tribunals for the adjustment 
of their controversies. 

John Fletcher, afterwards Judge Fletcher, fol- 
lowed on the same side and Thomas Gugy with 
Andrew Stuart represented the Respondents. On 
the 20th of January, 1823, the Court of Appeals 
presided by Chief Justice Sewell maintained the 
Appeal and held that under a clause or condition 
in policies of insurance, that in case of any dispute 
between the parties it should be referred to arbitra- 
tion, the courts are not ousted of their jurisdiction, 
nor could they compel the parties to submit to a 
reference in the progress of the suit. 

The case was then tried on the merits in the 
Court of King's Bench, and on the 20th of June, 
1825, that Court, composed of Judges Reid, Fou- 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 9T 

cher and Pyke gave judgment in favor of the 
Plaintiffs, but this judgment, being appealed to 
the Court of Appeals, was, on the 20th of January, 
1826, reversed, and the Plaintiffs' action dis- 
missed on an objection raised for the first time 
when the case was in Appeal, on the ground that 
the certificate called for in the policy of insurance 
was insufficient. From this judgment the Plain- 
tiffs appealed to the Privy Council, but unsuccess- 
fully, for that body, on the 13th May, 1829, 
confirmed the judgment of the Court of Appeals 
dismissing the action. In the Privy Council, Mr. 
Brougham argued the Appeal. 

The next case mentioned in the law reports, 
is that of Fleming & the Seminary of Montreal, 
which excited great interest. The proper title of 
the case was Messire Jean H. A. Roux et al vs. 
William Fleming. The facts were as follows : — 

In 182 1 the Gentlemen Ecclesiastics of the 
Seminary of Montreal brought action against 
William Fleming, of Lachine, complaining that 
he had illegally erected a windmill at Lachine 
and that as Seigneurs they had the exclusive rights 
to operate windmills on the Island of Montreal, 
and asked that he be ordered to demolish this 
windmill. The Seminary was represented by 
Stephen Sewell, and Stuart & Buchanan acted for 
Fleming. 

In 1822 the Court of King's Bench maintained 
the Plaintiffs in quiet and peaceable possession 
and enjoyment of the right of Banality in the 



92 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

Seigniory of the Island of Montreal, and ordered 
the Defendant to demolish the windmill in such 
manner only as to prevent the windmill from 
grinding wheat or grain of any sort or kind into 
flour or meal. This case was of great importance, 
as the corporate existence of the Seminary of 
Montreal was involved and its competency to exer- 
cise Seigniorial rights over the Island of Montreal 
denied, and from the judgment of the Court of 
King's Bench, Fleming appealed to the Court of 
Appeals. 

The Appeal was argued in the Court of Appeals 
at Quebec in the term of January, 1824, before 
the President of that Court, Sir F. N. Burton, 
Lieutenant-Governor, Chief Justice Jonathan 
Sewell, and the Honourables John Richard- 
son, A. L. J. Duchesnay, H. M. Percival, 
Oliver Perrault, W. B. Coltman and WiUiam 
Smith, and five days were taken up with the hear- 
ing, but no decision was rendered, and on the 20th 
of January, 1824, the Court being then equally 
divided, ordered a rehearing. In the term of 
January, 1825, Mr. Louis Moquin for the Respon- 
dents obtained a rule upon the Appellants to show 
cause why the opinions of two members of the 
Coiu-t, namely. Chief Justice Sewell and the 
Honourable William Smith, brothers-in-law, who 
were in favor of maintaining the Appeal and dis- 
missing the action, should not be reckoned as one, 
and why judgment should not accordingly be 
rendered by an affirmance of the judgment of 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 93 

the Court below. B^dard and Vallieres de St. 
Real, Counsel for the Respondents, argued in 
support of the rule, which Buchanan for the 
Appellant resisted, and on the i8th of January, 
1825, the Court "having taken time to consider 
of its judgment made an order that the Respon- 
dents should take nothing by the rule." 

The case seems to have there dropped, as there 
is no record of a rehearing having taken place. 
The late John Fraser, in his Pen and Ink Sketches 
refers to the case and says: — 

** Fleming's Windmill. — This old wind- 
mill is a standing monimient to the memory of a 
determined, stubborn Scotchman — 'that indignant 
spirit of the North,' — in resisting the pretensions 
of the wealthiest, the greatest corporation in 
Lower Canada, to prevent him building his mill. 

When the late Mr. Fleming commenced the 
building of his mill for the manufacture of oat- 
meal, the gentlemen of the Seminary of St. Sul- 
pice, as Seigneurs of the Island of Montreal, claimed 
that they alone had the right of building mills of 
any description. Mr. Fleming thought differently; 
he admitted if they controlled the water privileges 
their charter gave them no control over the ' winds 
of Heaven' nor of any other power a man may 
utilize for the purpose of running his mill. 

A long lawsuit was the result, the late Mr. 
Buchanan, K.C., was Mr. Fleming's legal adviser. 
We forget exactly how this case ended. It is all 
in the law reports. We believe,' however, that 



94 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

the Seminary, after a long contest, allowed the 
matter to drop and pei*mitted Mr. Fleming to 
finish his mill. The old mill stands firm and solid 
with its four wings but without any sails, as it 
has not been used for the past thirty years. It 
looks like a Martello tower and may stand for 
centuries ; a monument to the memory of a deter- 
mined Scotchman." 

In 1827 Ogden & Buchanan took out an action 
which was destined to go to the Privy Council 
This was the celebrated case of Donegani vs. 
Donegani. 

In the year 1794, Jean Donegani the elder, 
and his wif^, both of them Italians by birth, emi- 
grated from Moltrazio, in Lombardy, to Lower 
Canada. They brought with them four children, 
viz: three sons, Jean the younger, Joseph and 
Daniel, and one daughter, Th^rese. All these 
children had been bom in Italy. Th^rese married 
Joseph Donegani, and she had by him three child- 
ren, Jean Antoine, Joseph and Guillaume Antoine, 
who were all bom in Canada, and became her 
heirs at her death, in 1807. Jean Donegani, the 
elder, and his wife, having amassed considerable 
property, returned to Moltrazio, and died there in 
1809, having by his will and codicil, both made at 
Montreal, left a legacy of ;£5od to his daughter 
Th6rese, and the residue of his real and personal 
property to his wife for life, and after her death 
one half of it to his son Joseph, and the other half 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 95 

equally between his other two sons Jean and 
Daniel. 

In 1815, upon the death of his mother, Joseph 
Donegani took possession of the real estate at 
Montreal. In February, 1827, Jean Antoine, Jo- 
seph and Guillaume Antoine Donegani, the child- 
ren of Th6rese Donegani brought their action in 
the Court of King's Bench at Montreal, as the 
grandchildren and sole heirs at law of Jean Done- 
gani against their uncle Joseph Donegani for the 
recovery of this property which they claimed by 
reason of their birth within the dominions of His 
Majesty, and their being the only legal heirs of 
their grandfather, to the exclusion of their uncle 
Joseph Donegani, and their other uncles, whose 
character of aliens, they contended, rendered them 
incapable of taking any portion of the property 
of their deceased parent, either by right of in- 
heritance or by devise. 

The arguments of the Counsel in the King's 
Bench as given in the report of this case are very 
interesting. Buchanan argued for the Plaintiffs 
and the brilliant William Walker with Mondelet 
for the Defendants. 

The Court of King's Bench maintained the 
Plaintiffs' action, holding that an alien can pur- 
chase and acquire, as also dispose of his property 
by deed of sale, deed of gift inter vivos or other- 
wise, but he could not devise by last will, and the 
legal right to the entire estate devolved to Jean 



96 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

Antoine Donegani and his brothers as lineally 
descended from the grandfather. 

Joseph Donegani appealed from this judgment 
to the Court of Appeals of Lower Canada, which, 
in 1832, affirmed it with costs. In the Court 
of Appeals Duval and Vallieres de St. Real, 
both of whom were afterwards Chief Justices, 
acted for the Appellants and Ogden and Buchanan 
for the Respondents. He then appealed from the 
latter judgment to the King in Council. In the 
Privy Council Joseph Donegani was represented 
by Sir John Campbell, K.C., and Dr. Lushington, 
and Jean Antoine Donegani and his brothers 
by Coltman, K.C., and Jacob, K.C., and in 
1835, ^^^ appeal was dismissed with costs, 
and the principle that the d^-o/^ d'aubaine 
became the law of Lower Canada, with regard to 
aliens, on the ancient French Law being estab- 
lished there was affirmed. The Judges in the 
Privy Council were Vice-Chancellor Sir Lancelot 
Shadwell, Mr. Baron Parke and Mr. T. Bosanquet, 
Chief Judge of the Court of Bankruptcy. 

In the Appeal of Russell and Field in 1833, 
he acted for the Appellants. This was an action 
instituted by the Appellants against the Respon- 
dent,to which was pleaded the pendency of another 
suit between the same parties, and for the same 
cause of action, in the State of Vermont. This 
plea was maintained by the judgment of the Court 
below, which gave rise to the appeal. In the 
King's Bench the Plaintiffs had been represented 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 97 

by Fisher & Smith, and the Defendant by John 
Boston, but, in the Court of Appeals, Buchanan 
& Andrews acted for the Appellants and W. K. 
McCord for the Respondent. The Appeal was 
argued by Buchanan and the grounds upon which 
this judgment was impugned were, that whether 
such respect should be shown to litispendance in 
a foreign country, as to suffer it to bar or suspend 
a suit, was a question of public law, and so should 
be decided by the laws of England, as a paramount 
authority throughout the Empire. According to 
the principles of English jurisprudence, litispend- 
ance in a foreign country, or even in one of the 
colonies, could not be pleaded in any way to an 
action in the courts of Westminster Hall. Upon 
the supposition that this were a case to be governed 
by the practice of the French courts, litispend- 
ance in a foreign country could not be pleaded, 
as France was distinguished from most of the 
states of Europe by her showing no regard for 
foreign jurisprudence. Viewing the plea of litis- 
pendance abroad, in its true light, as ascertained 
by force of obligation, but ex coinitate the basis 
of that country, which is reciprocity, would fail 
in the present instance, as in the state of Vermont, 
and the other United States of America, litispend- 
ance in a foreign country or even in a sister state 
could not be pleaded to an action brought 
there. The Court of Appeals reversed the judg- 
ment of the Court below and held that litis- 
7 



98 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

pendance in a foreign state is no bar to an 
action instituted in this Province. The unfor- 
tunate Respondent, WilHam H. Field, quite a 
young man, had an unhappy ending. He had been 
arrested for debt at the instance of Messrs. Hector 
Russel & Co., in January, 1833, and was detained 
in the Montreal gaol, where he committed suicide 
in December, 1833. 

On the appeal of William Maitland and John 
Molson, in which judgment was rendered in 1830, 
Stephen Sewell, K.C., was Counsel for the Appel- 
lants, and Solicitor-General Ogden and Buchanan 
for the Respondents. This was an action result- 
ing from a collision between the steamboats * ' New 
Swiftsure" and ''Hercules." 

In 1845 we find him with F. G. Johnson, Coim- 
sel for the Appellant in the appeal of Lemesurier 
vs. Hart Logan. The Court decided in favor of 
his contention that, upon the sale of goods by ad- 
mensuration which may happen to be destroyed 
before measurement, the loss is cast upon the 
seller. 

The last case of importance mentioned in the 
reports is the case of The Quebec Fire Assurance 
Co. vs. Molson and St. Louis which arose out of the 
destruction in 1843 o^ the Church at Boucherville, 
from fire caused by sparks from the chimneys of 
the steamboat "St. Louis" belonging to John 
Molson. This case was decided in the Privy Coun- 
cil in 185 1. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 99 

In the year 1827 Dr. Wilkie started a news- 
paper, *'The Star," at Quebec. Amongst those 
who contributed articles to this paper were An- 
drew Stuart, Judge Fletcher and Alexander Bu- 
chanan. "The Star," the first number of which 
appeared in December of that year, lasted for 
three years. The following extract is from a note 
to ''A View of the Civil Government and Ad- 
ministration of Justice in the Province of Canada 
While it was Subject to the Crown of France," 
which is reprinted in the first volume of the 
Lower Canada Jurist: — 

"On what ground the view was attributed 
in 'The Star' to Chief Justice Hey, I know not; 
but as the proprietor and chief editor of that paper 
— the late Rev. Dr. Wilkie — ^was no ordinary man 
in literature, was scrupulously exact in every state- 
ment of facts, and ranked among the contributors 
to and supporters of his paper, such men as the 
late Andrew Stuart, Judge Fletcher, Alexander 
Buchanan, and one or two living legal characters 
of almost equal note, whose means and oppor- 
tunities of obtaining correct information, on all 
such subjects, were of the best description, I think 
it highly probable, that the point of authorship 
of the VIEW being in Chief Justice Hey, was 
clearly ascertained, before it was allowed to be 
stated in so positive a manner in a paper of such 
high repute and generally acknowledged correct- 
ness as * The Star. ' It is possible, however, that the 
VIEW and plan embodied in it, may have formed 



100 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

the Report adopted by Governor Carleton and his 
Council, from which both the Chief Justice and 
Attorney General Maseres dissented." 

F.G. 

Jan., 1857. 

• 

Alexander Buchanan belonged to the Brothers- 
in-Law Club at Montreal, composed exclu- 
sively of lawyers, hence its name. It existed 
from about 1827 to 1833, and among its members 
were: Samuel Gale, William Walker, William 
Badgley, John S. McCord and Henry Griffin. 
The Club was essentially a social and convivial 
association, each member being obliged to provide 
a certain number of bottles of wine. The bets 
and fines were also paid in wine. The following 
is an extract from a charming article entitled ' * The 
Old Clubs of Montreal," which appeared in 
"Harper's Weekly" for the i6th February, 1901, 
written by the late Mr. William McLennan, Notary, 
of Montreal. 

** After the Beavers, the Grey Beards, and the 
Bachelors came the Brothers-in-Law, the last of 
the old dining clubs. This was the outcome of a 
dinner at a tavern at Cote des Neiges on the last 
day of February, 1827, when a number of lawyers 
proposed and founded the Order, fifteen in number, 
to dine together six times during the year. The 
members sent their contributions of food and wine 
before them, being especially careful as to the 
quality. The entrance fee was six bottles. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. lOI 

"In the minutes we find that Mr. Walker, Q.C, 
having lost a wager of a hat or six bottles of wine, 
at the option of the winner, the late Judge Gale, 
the latter generously presented the result to the 
club, whereupon it was resolved that the loser 
should be held * to procure a hat of the shape worn 
by Spanish cavaliers, to be worn by the president 
of the day during the transaction of public busi- 
ness, and to be thereafter considered the property 
of the society. 

"When the late Judge McCord 'positively 
declared his inability to sing he was permitted to 
escape on drinking two bumpers.' Henry Griffin, 
first Notary of the Bank of Montreal, presented 
the Club with a snuff-box on the 20th June, 1829. 
John Molson, Sr., presented the club on the loth 
March, 1832, with a leg of mutton raised on Bou- 
cherville Islands; 'never was such a leg seen on 
this side of the Atlantic — in truth 'twas 'Mister 
John's Leg.' Before it was half consumed the 
Brothers-in-Law were unanimously of opinion that 
the man who can raise such mutton is worthy of 
a seat at His Majesty's Council for the Province 
of Lower Canada. 

"Their last meeting was held on the 20th Feb- 
ruary, 1833. Only four members were present, 
and the secretary, paraphrasing King Henry, 
remarks, 'The fewer men, the greater share of 
honor,' and adds, 'The delinquent members were 
considered too bad to be fined.' " 



102 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

In the month of February, 1828, was founded 
the Advocates Library under the patronage of the 
Honorable James Reid, Chief Justice of the Dis- 
trict of Montreal, on the suggestion of Stephen 
Sewell, K.C., who drafted the original prospectus 
of the Association which was signed by Chief 
Justice Reid and four puisne Judges of the Court 
of King's Bench for the District of Montreal. The 
Officers of the Association were : — 

Stephen Sewell, K.C President. 

Joseph B^dard, Esq Vice-President. 

Charles R. Ogden, Esq., Sol.l 

General I Managing 

Alex. Buchanan, Esq j Committee. 

John S. McCord, Esq J 

Alex. Buchanan, Esq Secretary. 

Fred. Griffin, Esq Treasurer. 

By the laws of the Government of the Ad- 
vocates Library each original member was to pay 
towards the purposes of the institution the sum 
of ten pounds currency. Each member was ob- 
liged "on the last juridical day in October Term 
of each year to pay to the Treasurer of the Society 
the simi of ;£2 . 10 . o currency." 

On the dissolution in April, 1828, of the Stu- 
dents Law Library Association, which had been 
established a few years before, the books which 
formed their library were presented gratuitously 
to the Advocates Library. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. IO3 

Chief Justice Reid, having by letter dated the 
1 8th August, 1830, to the Advocates Library, made 
certain suggestions as to the quaHfications of can- 
didates for admission to the Bar, a Committee 
composed of Stephen Sewell, K.C., SoHcitor-Gen- 
eral Ogden, K.C., Hon. Dominique Mondelet and 
Alexander Buchanan were appointed in October, 
1830, to report on a system of education for the 
study of the profession of the Law and Regula- 
tions for the admission to the study and practice 
of the law. The Report of this Committee was 
drafted by Alexander Buchanan and is signed by 
the members of the Committee. 

The Report is in the following terms : — 

"The Committee appointed on day of 

October instant, having taken into consideration 
the suggestions contained in the Honorable the 
Chief Justice's letter of the i8th August, 1830, 
addressed to S. Sewell, Esq., beg leave to report 
their sentiments upon the subjects thus submitted 
for their enquiry. 

The undersigned conceive that at this period 
any formal or express regulation, having for its 
object a scrutiny into the qualifications of persons 
presenting themselves as students to any of the 
members of this Association, would appear in- 
vidious in the eyes of the rest of the Bar, and 
excite umbrage in our brethren of the profession 
who have not chosen to become associates in this 
institution. At the same time they feel conscious 
that none of the members of this institution would 



104 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

SO far lose sight of their own respectability and be 
so regardless of their duty to the profession as to 
become instrumental in rearing to the Bar persons 
likely to reflect disgrace upon the profession, or 
as to withhold any uniform information by which 
the unworthiness of a candidate for the study of 
the Law might be made known to the gentlemen 
at whose hands instruction may be sought by 
such individual. 

The second matter for enquiry is how far it 
may be expedient to draw up a plan or system of 
study to be observed by the young gentlemen 
studying under the auspices of the members of 
this institution, and to take measures for ascer- 
taining occasionally the progress made by such 
pupils. 

That such a regulation is practicable little 
doubt can be entertained; yet the undersigned 
conceive that it would be more advisable to leave 
such advocate to prescribe the course of study to 
be followed by his pupils which mugt in many in- 
stances be varied according to the education, 
knowledge and capacity of individuals. And they 
would add that the main advantages of such a 
regulation will naturally flow from the adoption 
of modes of instruction of a more public nature 
as hereafter recommended. 

The Honorable the Chief Justice further sug- 
gests that a system should be arranged for the 
examination of candidates coming forward to the 
profession to be varied according to circimistances. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. IO5 

Without the participation of the rest of the 
Bar which constitutes a majority of that body, 
the undersigned think that the estabhshment of 
any express regulation co-extensive with the sug- 
gestion of the Hon. the Chief Justice might excite 
in our other brethren of the Bar a feeHng of hostiHty 
against our institution, which it should be our 
desire to prevent if possible. It cannot, however, 
be dissembled that if an understanding could be 
produced among the brethren of our institution 
by which a more strict examination of candidates 
for the Bar shall be had, some benefit to the pro- 
fession may result, although the undersigned are 
of opinion that the respectability of the profession 
and that science among its members would be 
more effectually promoted by an examination into 
the education and qualifications of an individual 
before he becomes a pupil than by canvassing 
his proficiency in legal learning when he is on the 
eve of being called to the Bar, and they cannot 
but regret that the state of the profession, from 
the want of that examination which can only be 
the offspring of incorporation, precludes the pos- 
sibility of subjecting the would-be pupil to this 
test. 

The last suggestion of the Hon. Chief Justice 
consists in recommending the translation into 
English of some approved work on the Civil Law, 
giving a certain portion of the work to such of the 
members as might be willing to undertake it so 
that at the appointed meetings it might be ex- 



I06 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

amined and approved; the Chief Justice at the 
same time expressing his fear that it might be 
impracticable to get up anything in the shape 
of lectures. 

The Committee cannot but highly appreciate 
the motives that prompted the Hon. the Chief 
Justice to recommend to the institution the adop- 
tion of means for encouraging the study of the Civil 
Law which constitutes the basis not only of our 
jurisprudence but of the codes of most civilized 
nations, without a competent language of which 
professional education in this country must be 
deemed incomplete. They therefore think that 
this institution should pursue measures to pro- 
mote the study of that branch of the Law; but 
they htmibly conceive that the plan proposed by 
His Honor the Chief Justice of parcelling out 
notes upon the Civil Law for translation would 
hardly attain the desired end; nor would the un- 
equal and heterogeneous admixture of style in 
composition thus written redound much to the 
credit of the institution. 

With all due deference to the opinion of the 
Chief Justice the Committee humbly lay before 
this institution their thoughts upon the best 
modes of reaching the object brought to its con- 
sideration by the letter of the Chief Justice, 
which they embody in the following propositions : — 

I. That the style and name of the institution 
be altered by adding to the original name "Ad- 
vocates Library" the words "and Law Institute.*' 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 107 

2. That the institution tinder its new name 
do by all means in its power promote the science 
of the Law by the delivery of prolections or lectures 
upon its various departments, the writing of dis- 
sertations and of translations, and by offering 
honorary distinctions or rewards for contribution 
of essays upon subjects to be chosen and given 
out at stated periods. 

3. That the subjects of the lectures to be 
established be as nearly as possible made to fall 
within the following classification : i . Natural Law ; 
Roman Law; 2, French Customary and Ecclesi- 
astical Law; 3. Criminal Law of England and 
Constitutional Law; 4. English Law of Real Estate 
property, and 5. the Law of Practice and Evidence, 
which five departments include every possible topic 
of legal discussion. 

4. That once in every year a medal or other 
mark of distinction be offered for the best essay 
upon any given subject relating to jurisprudence, 
and that all persons, advocates or students in this 
Province be permitted to compete for the same. 

5. That the members of the institution, as 
soon as circumstances may permit, do cause pro- 
lections upon the said several classes to be pro- 
nounced by such of the associates as may be willing 
to undertake the honorable and useful task, and 
that no persons but the members of this institute, 
and their pupils shall be admitted on the occasion 
of such prolections. 



I08 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

6. That for the purposes of enabling this In- 
stitute to effect the said intentions, a fund be 
formed to defray its necessary expenses to be 
raised by an annual subscription of 15 shillings, 
and first payable on the ist January next. 

7. That this institute be under the direction 
and management of the respective officers govern- 
ing the Library for the time being. 

All of which is nevertheless submitted." 

On the 28th December, 1832, Alexander 
Buchanan was installed Worshipful Master of 
Saint Paul's Lodge, No. 514, now No. 374 on the 
Registry of England, held at Montreal. He had 
been Secretary in 1829, Junior Warden in 1830, 
Senior Warden in 183 1. In 1834 he was one of 
the Permanent Committee. 

It may be interesting to know that five others 
of the family have been members of that Lodge, 
viz: — 

Alexander Carlisle Buchanan (brother-in-law) 
in 1833. 

Wentworth James Buchanan (son), in 1855. 

Alexander Buchanan (grandson), in 1892. 

Arthur William Patrick Buchanan (grandson) 
in 1894. 

Rupert Charles Buchanan (grandson), in 1903. 

William Buchanan, the Consul's brother, who 
lived in the Parish of St. Michel d'Yamaska, 
where he had steam mills, died of cholera at Mont- 
real, on the 1 6th August, 1834, aged 44 years. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. IO9 

The following is taken from "A Topographical 
Dictionary of the Province of Lower Canada," by 
Joseph Bouchette, published in London, in 1832, 
in the 3rd volume under the name " Yamaska.'* 

*'In front of the seigniory are the isles du 
Moine, aux Raisins, &c. In the mouth of the 
river is the large island St. Jean, entirely covered 
with wood, some of it is of good quality. At the head 
of the island are the extensive steam mills of W. 
Buchanan, Esq., the power of which is applied 
to the manufacture of flour, barley and oatmeal, 
and to the sawing of timber. Mr. Buchanan 
resides on the island and occupies a neat lodge, 
very agreeably situated at the forks formed by the 
Yamaska and the branch falling into Bay de la 
Valiere." He had married in June, 18 14, Anne 
Hazlett, daughter of George Hazlett, of London- 
derry, Ireland. This George Hazlett was of the 
same family as William Hazlett, the author, and 
John Hazlett the miniature painter. The name 
was originally Haslett, but the Hazletts' father, the 
Rev. William Hazlett, seems to have changed the 
orthography about 1783. Anne Hazlett died in 
Ireland, leaving a daughter Ann, who was bom 
in 18 16. Alexander Buchanan, on the death of her 
father, was appointed her Tutor upon the advice 
of a Family Council held in Montreal, on the 19th 
August, 1834, composed of Alexander Carlisle 
Buchanan, the younger, cousin, Hugh Taylor, 
advocate, James Scott, advocate, John Jones Day, 
advocate, and Henry A. Stone. 



no ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

At this time Ann Buchanan was eighteen years 
of age and Hving temporarily at Alexander Bu- 
chanan's. On the 2 2nd of that month she was mar- 
ried at Montreal, to Henry McFarlane, of London. 
The Register was signed by A. Buchanan, A. C. 
Buchanan and Henry A. Stone. By the marriage 
articles of Henry McFarlane and Ann Buchanan, 
her uncles John Buchanan and George Buchanan, 
of Omagh, were appointed her Trustees, and 
the articles are signed by Henry McFarlane and 
Anne Buchanan, her uncle A. C. Buchanan, her 
cousin A. C. Buchanan, Henry A. Stone and Alex- 
ander Buchanan. There is attached a letter of 
attorney from Asaph Stone, of New York. After 
the marriage Mr. and Mrs. McFarlane left for Eng- 
land, intending to live in London. They after- 
wards settled at Rocky Hill, New Jersey, and left 
issue John Buchanan McFarlane and others, of 
Rocky Hill, New Jersey. 

Alexander Buchanan was at one time an officer 
of the original St. Patrick's Society of Montreal. 
Mr. D. R. McCord writing in the "Old and New," 
said : — 

"The St. Patrick's Society was founded on the feast 
of its patron Saint in the year 1834. It was then undenomi- 
national. Its objects were stated to be the advancement and 
welfare of Irishmen, assisting their immigration to and 
promoting their settlement in this province. The by-laws 
are thirty-four in number, and contain no allusion to stated 
religious services. 

The first office bearers were as follows : — 
John Donellan and A. Buchanan, respectively president 
and vice-president; T. A. Begley and C. Sweeney, the re- 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. Ill 

cording and corresponding secretaries. I know nothing of 
the first named gentleman. In 1819, there was a gardener 
of the name located in Sanguinet street. The president 
might have been his son, and in a superior social position 
in the succeeding generation, if we may judge by his 
associated office bearers. A. Buchanan was subsequently 
a leader at the Bar and a man of cultivation. His father 
was a surgeon in the army, and his sons are with us in the 
persons of Wentworth, a retired general manager of the 
Bank of Montreal, Mr. Justice Buchanan, late of the Super- 
perior Court, Brock Buchanan, also of the same monetary 
institution as the first named. He derives his patronymic 
from the hero and victim of Queenstown Heights, to whose 
regiment his grandfather was at one time attached, and 
the saint the object of our present enquiries who terminated 
the serpent worship — let us say — is not forgotten in the 
name of our confrere of the present generation. Mr. Beg- 
ley was of the Department of Public Works, unless my 
memory play me false. Campbell Sweeney was a north of 
Ireland man — as was also the president. He was the brother 
of Robert who was out in the well-known rencontre of 
honor with Major Ward of the Royals. A son of the corres- 
ponding secretary when last I saw him was in the service 
of the said Corinthian pedimented treasury on the Pacific 
slope. Three, at least, of the officers were thus Pro- 
testants." 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. II3 

CHAPTER XI. 
1835-1840. 

HE IS APPOINTED A K.C. — PRESIDENT OF ADVOCATES 
LIBRARY — CHAIRMAN OF COMMISSION TO ENQUIRE 
INTO CASES OF PERSONS IN CUSTODY — APPOINTED 
JUDGE OF COURT OF REQUESTS — THEIR JURIS- 
DICTION—ON CIRCUIT — HIS WIT — RELATIONS 
WITH GOVERNORS-GENERAL — HON. CHARLES BUL- 
LER — EDWARD GIBBON WAKEFIELD. 



On the 19th June, 1835, ^^ was appointed 
King's Counsel for the Province of Lower Canada. 
Up to this time King's Counsel had been appointed 
only to act in the Districts in which they practised. 
He and James Charles Grant, who was appointed 
the same day as he was, were the first two to re- 
ceive this appointment. 

James Charles Grant, K.C, was the son of 
John Grant, of Lachine, an agent of the North- 
West Company. He was admitted to the Bar on 
the 14th January, 18 14, and in 1820, formed a 
partnership with Michael O'Sullivan, the firm 
being known as O' Sullivan & Grant. He was ap- 
pointed a King's Counsel on the 19th June, 1835, 
and died on the 25th November, 1836. On his 
death the following appeared in the Montreal 
Transcript. : — 

"We scorn to flatter the living, although, if we 
find on public grounds reasons for approbation, 
8 



114 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

we express it ; not to do so would be pusillanimous, 
it would be to fear the envious more than we 
respect the good. With Mr. Grant's political 
opinions we have nothing to do. He had the 
distinction of the silk gown, as King's Counsel, 
and in his general practice as an Advocate he was 
zealous and sagacious. In his private relations 
he was, as regarded his own family, a kind and 
affectionate relative — as regarded the man he 
considered his friend, he was social, hospitable, 
sincere — as regarded the generality of mankind 
he was kind-hearted, liberal, nay generous almost 
to a fault — yet, much as we know of his spon- 
taneous generosity, no one ever heard him sully a 
noble act by the slightest allusion to it. That 
glow of charity which alike warms the heart of 
him that gives, and of him that receives, burned 
indeed within his own bosom, but was one of those 
beauteous flowers "born to blush unseen." Few 
men have been more deeply regretted, for few 
have been so highly respected/' 

In England, the appointment of counsel for 
the Crown has always been a matter of preroga- 
tive in this sense, that it has been personally 
exercised by the Sovereign, with the advice of the 
Lord Chancellor, the appointment being made by 
letters-patent under the sign manual. In early 
times the appointment was accompanied by a fee 
or retainer of moderate amount, but that formality 
has long since fallen into abeyance. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. II5 

In consequence of the death of King William 
IV., the commissions of King's Counsel were 
vacated at the expiration of eighteen months 
after his death, and on the 20th September, 1838, 
a new patent appointing him one of Her Majesty's 
learned in the Law was issued, and on the 4th 
January, 1839, he took the oath of office as such. 

In 1837, the Hon. Michael O'Sullivan,^ then 
Solicitor General, F. A. Quesnel, Dominique Mon- 
delet and Buchanan were the King's Counsel at 
Montreal. 

In 1836, he was elected President of the Ad- 
vocates Library. He held this office five times, 
— that year and in 1838, 1841, 1842 and 1843. 
On the 17th July, 1835, he was appointed with 
Tancred Bouthillier, of Montreal, and John Simp- 
son, of Coteau du Lac, Commissioners to fix the 
line between the Provinces of Upper and Lower 
Canada. 

His brother, John Buchanan, died at Niagara 
in the month of December, 1837, at the early age 
of thirty-seven years, leaving a widow and two 



(i) Michael O 'Sullivan was bom in 1786, and was admitted to 
the Bar of Lower Canada on the 6th April, 181 1. He was appointed 
K.C. in 1 83 1, and Solicitor General in 1833. He practised at 
Montreal until the 25th October, 1838, when he was appointed Chief 
Justice for the District of Montreal. He died on tne 7th March, 
1839, at Montreal, and was buried in Notre Dame Church. He 
was Lieutenant and Adjutant in the militia for the District of Beau- 
hamois, and was present at the Battle of Chateauguay in 1813, of 
which he wrote an account signed "Un Temoin Oculaire." In 
1 8 19 he fought a duel with Dr. Wm. Caldwell, "at six o'clock Satur- 
day morning the parties, with the seconds, having met near the 
Wmdmills, five shots were fired by each gentleman; two of them 
dangerously wounded Mr. O'Sullivan, Dr. Caldwell receiving a shot 
in the arm which is much shattered." 



Il6 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

children — a son, Alexander Grant, and a daughter, 
Jane Louise. 

On the 30th November, 1838, he was appointed 
with George Weekes, John Bleakley and Duncan 
Fisher, Commissioners to enquire into the cases 
of the State Prisoners confined in the Montreal 
Gaol. He was the Chairman of the Commission 
for which he received £31$ sterling. 

On 12th April, 1839, he was appointed Com- 
missioner or Judge of the Circuit Court of Requests 
for the District of Montreal, and on the 19th of 
that month, took the following Oath of Office 
before Monk & Morrogh, Prothonotaries of the 
Court of King's Bench for the District of Montreal, 
and Commissioners Per Dedimus Potestatem: — 

I, Alexander Buchanan, do swear that I will truly and 
faithfully and according to the best of my knowledge and 
ability perform the duties of the office of Commissioner of 
the Court of Requests in and for the District of Montreal. 

Dated at Montreal, this nineteenth day of April, one 
thousand, eight hundred and thirty-nine. 

A. BUCHANAN. 

His salary as Commissioner was ;£6oo sterling 
per annum. He probably sat for the first time 
at Vaudreuil, on the 2nd September, 1839. These 
Circuit Courts of Requests for the Districts of Que- 
bec, Montreal and Three Rivers were established 
by an Ordinance enacted on the nth April, 1839. 
The Commissioners for Quebec and Three Rivers 
were A. R. Hamel and P. B. Dumoulin, respec- 
tively. The Commissioners had jurisdiction to 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. II7 

hear, try and determine, in a summary way, all 
civil suits or actions purely personal wherein the 
amount claimed, or the thing in dispute did not 
exceed the simi or value of ;£io sterling. Only 
barristers of ten years standing at least could be 
Commissioners of these Courts, and such Com- 
missioner being appointed a Justice of the Peace, 
was the Chairman of the Quarter Sessions in the 
District in which he was Commissioner of the Court 
of Requests. In certain matters the Commis- 
sioners had the same power as a Judge of the 
Court of King's Bench. The sittings of the Court 
of Requests, for the District of Montreal, were 
held at Vaudreuil, Terrebonne, L'Assomption, 
Berthier, Vercheres, St. Denis, West Church, in 
the Township of Shefford, Chambly, Dorchester, 
commonly called St. Johns, and at Chateauguay. 

These Courts were abolished on the ist January, 
1842, by an Act passed on the i8th September, 
1 84 1, and were replaced by District Courts. 

By the acceptance of this office, he could only 
act for the Crown, but that this was very remuner- 
ative may be seen on referring to the returns of 
money warrants from which it would appear that 
between 1838 and 1846, he was on different com- 
missions as well as acted for the Crown in criminal 
prosecutions and customs cases. His account for 
services as Queen's Counsel in 1840 was ;{I^i8o.o.o 
and his account for legal services for criminal pro- 
secutions performed for Government from October, 
1840, to April, 1841, was ;£i4o. 19.4. 



Il8 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

In April, 1841, he resigned as Commissioner 
of the Court of Requests and Chairman of the 
Quarter Sessions of Montreal. 

He was very witty. His was a dry and sar- 
castic but still kindly wit. Many anecdotes are 
told of him. Travelling on the steamboat from 
Montreal to Quebec to attend the Court of Appeals, 
which in those days always sat at Quebec, a num- 
ber of judges and lawyers were on board, on their 
way there for the same purpose, when one of the 
party with Buchanan pointed out Judge Day 
sitting apart as was his habit, and remarked that 
the Judge appeared to be thinking of some case, 
when Buchanan exclaimed, "D..n it! He thinks 
he is thinking. ' ' Another, — the Gugys were noted 
for their wickedness and Buchanan in the course of 
a speech which he was delivering, summed up their 
quality and quantity in the following terms: 
"When," said he, "the Gugys are in hell, then 
will the reign of Satan be overthrown. ' ' 

On another occasion, when holding Court in 
the Townships, he was sitting in a case in which 
the defendant, who was a retired colonel as well 
as a local magistrate, was sitting on the bench 
with him. Judge Buchanan asked him whether 
he owed the debt and received an indignant denial, 
"Go into the box," said the Judge, "and be 
sworn. ' ' But this the colonel declining to do, judg- 
ment was entered against him. 

It is said that he once saved a confrere from 
conviction. He secured a verdict of acquittal and 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. II9 

wrote on the indictment, "Legally acquitted, 
morally guilty." 

With the different Governors-General, Lord 
Durham, Lord Sydenham, Sir Charles Bagot, and 
Sir Charles Metcalfe, he was on terms of friendship. 
He knew intimately the brilliant Charles Buller 
and Edward Gibbon Wakefield, who had come to 
Canada as Secretaries to Lord Durham. Buller 
was a friend of Carlyle, who wrote an Essay on his 
death, which took place in his forty-second year, 
in 1848. 

Of him Carlyle writes: — "A very beautiful soul 
has suddenly been summoned from among us ; one 
of the clearest intellects and most aerial activities 
in England has unexpectedly been called away. 
Charles Buller died on Wednesday morning last, 
without previous sickness, reckoned of importance, 
till a day or two before . . . To a singular extent 
it can be said of him that he was a spontaneous 
clear man. Very gentle, too, though full of fire, 
simple, brave, graceful. What he did and what 
he said came from him as light from a luminous 
body, and had thus always in it a high and rare 
merit, which any of the more discerning could 

appreciate fully To many, for a long 

time, Mr. Buller merely passed for a man of wit, 
and certainly his beautiful natural gaiety of 
character, which by no means meant levity, was 
commonly thought to mean it and did for many 
years hinder the recognition of his intrinsic higher 
qualities. Slowly it began to be discovered that 



I20 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

under all this many-colored radiancy and con- 
versation there burnt a most steady light ; a sound, 
penetrating intellect, full of adroit resources and 
loyal by nature itself to all that was methodic, 
manly, true, — in brief a mildly resolute, chival- 
rous and gallant character capable of doing much 



serious service." 



Wakefield, who had an extraordinary career, 
was bom in 1796, and educated at Westminster 
School and the Edinburgh High School. '*He 
followed the tradition of his family in making a 
youthful and surreptitious marriage. His father 
was first married at seventeen and afterwards con- 
tracted a secret alliance in Paris. One of his 
brothers ran off with an Indian princess. But of 
all the Wakefields it was Edward Gibbon who 
most notoriously distinguished himself in the field 
of matrimony. He eloped with Eliza Susan Pattle, 
a wealthy ward of Chancery, before he was of full 
age, and he carried through the enterprise with 
considerable dash and ingenuity." Being left a 
widower, he abducted, in 1826, Miss Turner, an 
heiress, and his trial took place at the Lancaster 
Assizes, in 1827. Sergeant Cross and Brougham 
were Counsel for the prosecution, the conduct of 
the case chiefly falling upon the latter. The Wake- 
fields secured Scarlett, the ablest advocate of the 
day. Wakefield was found guilty and sentenced 
to three years imprisonment in Newgate. The 
effects of his incarceration in Newgate were 
''Punishment by Death in the Metropolis," which 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 121 

resulted in the reformation of the criminal law of 
England, and in this way "a term of imprison- 
ment suffered by a man of genius availed to reshape 
the code of England. ' ' His * * Letter from Sydney ' ' 
is also due to his imprisonment. 

He was released from Newgate in the month 
of May, 1830, and eight years later came to Canada 
with Lord Durham. He is generally supposed to 
have had some hand in Lord Durham's celebrated 
Report. 

In 1842, he was elected a member in the As- 
sembly of Lower Canada for Beauhamois, but left 
Canada, never to return, early in 1844. He wrote 
** England and America," and "The Art of Coloniza- 
tion, * * and has been called * * A Maker of Colonies. * ' 
He died in England in 1862. He was a powerful 
magnetizer and was very fond of using his power 
of magnetism on all occasions. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 12^ 



CHAPTER XII. 
1840-1845. 

HIS PARTNERSHIP WITH F. G. JOHNSON, AFTERWARDS 
SIR FRANCIS JOHNSON, CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE SU- 
PERIOR COURT — PRESIDENT OF SEIGNIORIAL TEN- 
URE COMMISSION — PRESIDENT OF COMMISSION TO 
REVISE ACTS AND ORDINANCES OF LOWER CANADA — 
REPORTS OF THE COMMISSION. 



In the year 1841 he formed a partnership with 
Francis Godschall Johnson, who in later years was 
to become Chief Justice of the Superior Court for 
the Province of Quebec, and attain the honor of 
knighthood. Johnson, who was then only twenty- 
four years old, had been admitted to the Bar in 
1839.^ The firm of Buchanan & Johnson lasted 
until the 27th December, 1845, when it was dis- 
solved by mutual consent. A year or so later Mr. 
Buchanan associated John Bleakley and Henry 
Ogden Andrews with him, the firm being Bu- 
chanan, Bleakley & Andrews. 

In the Canada Gazette appeared the following, 
dated at Quebec the 30th June, 1842 : — 

"His Excellency the Governor -General has been pleased 
by an instrument bearing date the thirtieth day of June, 
to !-evoke the Commission issued on the twenty -ninth day 
of March, appointing George Van Felson, Esquire, Chief 



(x) For an account of his life see the Appendix. 



124 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

Commissioner, and John Samuel McCord, and Nicholas 
Benjamin Doucet, Esquires, Joint Commissioners to enquire 
into the State of the Feudal Tenure in that part of the 
Province heretofore Lower Canada, and to appoint Alex- 
ander Buchanan, Esquire, Queen's Counsel, Joseph Andr6 
Taschereau,^ Esquire, advocate, and James Smith,^ Esquire, 
advocate, to be Joint Commissioners to enquire into the 
Law and other circumstances connected with Seigniorial 
Tenure as it obtains in that part of the Province heretofore 
Lower Canada." 

Alexander Buchanan was the President of this 
Commission. Their report dated the 29th March, 
1843, is entitled, — 

"Report of the Commissioners appointed in pur- 
suance of an address of the Honorable the House 
of Commons of 17th Sept., 1841, to enquire into 
the state of the Laws and other circumstances in 
connection with the Seigniorial Tenure and its 
obtaining in that part of the Province of Canada 
heretofore Lower Canada, laid before the Legisla- 
tive Assembly by Message from His Excellency 
the Governor-General on the 4th October, 1843." 

His remuneration for this Commission was;;£5oo. 

On the 1 6th March, 1842, Sir Charles Bagot, 
then Governor-General, appointed a Commission 
to revise the Acts and Ordinances of Lower Canada 
and to consolidate such of them as related to the 
same subject and which could be advantageously 



(i) Joseph Andr^ Taschereau was admitted to the Bar in 1828, 
and became Police Magistrate of Quebec. In 1845 he was appointed 
Solicitor-General and in 1847 Circuit Judge at Quebec, 

(2) James Smith was admitted to the Bar in 1828; appointed 
Attorney-General in 1844, and Judge of the Court of Queen's Bench 
at Montreal (now the Superior Court) in 1847. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. • 12$ 

consolidated. This Commission was composed of 
the Hon. Charles Richard Ogden, then Her Ma- 
jesty*s Attorney-General for Lower Canada; the 
Hon. Charles Dewey Day, then Her Majesty's 
Solicitor-General for the same; Alexander Bu- 
chanan, Q.C, the Hon. Hughes Heney, Advocate, 
and G. W. Wicksteed, Advocate, their appoint- 
ment being consequent upon an address of the 
Legislative Assembly, dated the 28th August, 1841. 
The subsequent elevation of Mr. Day to the bench, 
and Mr. Ogden 's absence in England prevented 
their taking part in the execution of the work, 
which, however, was completed by Mr, Buchanan 
and Mr. Wicksteed, on account of the death of Mr. 
Heney, which took place at Three Rivers on the 
13th January, 1844, and the public statute law 
then in force, which had been scattered over a 
great number of volumes, from the time of the 
Conquest up to 1841, was ascertained and col- 
lected into one volume, entitled, ''The Revised 
Acts and Ordinances of Lower Canada." The 
reports of the Commissioners, three in number and 
dated respectively the 21st March and the 24th 
November, 1843, ^^^ ^^^ ist July, 1845, ^^^ well 
worthy of perusal, and it may here be remarked 
that in their report of the latter date they advocat- 
ed the codification of the laws twenty years before 
they were actually codified. 

Mr. Wicksteed, who was a nephew of Judge 
John Fletcher, was bom in 1799. He came to 
Canada in 182 1, was admitted to the Quebec Bar 



126 ALEXANDER^ BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

in 1 83 1, and became a Q.C. in 1854. He was sub- 
sequently appointed Law Clerk of the Senate and 
died in Ottawa in 1895. 

Alexander Buchanan was appointed on the 
7th June, 1842, Justice of the Peace for the Dis- 
tricts of Montreal, St. Francis, Three Rivers and 
Quebec. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 12/ 



CHAPTER XIII. 
1845-1851. 

HE IS SENIOR Q.C — REFUSES CHIEF JUSTICESHIP — 
COURT HOUSE DESTROYED BY FIRE — CROWN PRO- 
SECUTOR FOR MONTREAL — HIS FEES AS SUCH — HE 
TAKES PROMINENT PART AT MEETINGS OF THE BAR 
— LECTURES ON WILLS — ELECTED A MEMBER OF 
THE COUNCIL FOR MONTREAL SECTION OF THE IN- 
CORPORATED BAR OF LOWER CANADA — HIS DAUGH- 
TER ELIZABETH'S MARRIAGE — HIS DEATH — HIS 
LEGAL ADVICE EAGERLY SOUGHT AFTER — ADMIR- 
ATION OF STUART, FLETCHER AND BLACK, Q.C. FOR 
HIM — MEREDITH Q.C.'s TRIBUTE — HIS WRITTEN 
LEGAL OPINIONS — HIS VALUABLE LIBRARY — HIS 
CHARACTER AND PERSONAL APPEARANCE — STU- 
DENTS IN HIS OFFICE — HIS WILL — HOUSES OC- 
CUPIED BY HIM — MRS. BUCHANAN'S DEATH — THEIR 
FAMILY. 



From the year 1840, Mr. Buchanan was the 
senior Queen's Counsel at Montreal. A writer 
in the "Old and New" columns of the Montreal 
Gazette, of the 9th June, 1894, says: — 

"Silk gowns were rarer in those days than at present. 
In 1843, according to a published authority, there were 
only four Q.C.'s of whom Mr. Buchanan was senior; the 
others were Henry Driscoll, Come S. Chenier, and Duncan 
Fisher; about a year later appears the name of William 
Collis Meredith. The first four have long since passed away. 
Last year public and private regrets were recorded when the 
pale reaper claimed as his own the Chief Justice, the fifth 
on the above list." 



128 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

There is good authority for the statement that 
Mr. Buchanan was twice offered and declined the 
Chief Justiceship. 

On the 1 8th July, 1844, the old Court House 
at Montreal which had been built in 1800 was 
destroyed by fire, the Advocates Library sustain- 
ing some damage, but the Court records were all 
saved. After the destruction of the Court House, 
the old gaol then occupied as barracks by the 
militia was vacated by them and fitted up. A 
Montreal paper of that year says : — 

**The Court of Queen's Bench opened this morn- 
ing (i6th September) in one of the rooms in the 
upper storey of the old gaol. The Court was pre- 
sided by Mr. Justice Rolland assisted by Mr. 
Justices Gale and Day. The new Attorney- 
General, Mr. Smith, robed in his silk gown (i), was 
at the Clerk's table, as well as Messrs. Buchanan, 
DriscoU, Cherrier and Meredith, the Queen's 
Counsel; the Sheriffs, Clerks and other Officers of 
Justice all being at their posts. The repairs made 
to the room were only finished on Saturday night 
and several things yet remain to be done, such as 
seats for the Jury and for the public. But the 
space is so limited that it is difficult to imagine 
where they will be placed, for there is no more 
room for the pleaders and the public, the room 
being already completely occupied by the seats 
for the Judges and the Advocates." 



(i) This was a hit at Mr. James Smith, who had just been, aopoint- 
ed Attorney-General, and as such had been made a Queen's Counsel. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. . I29 

The old Government House, now the Chateau 
de Ramezay,was used as a Court House until 1856, 
when the present Court House was completed. 

During the years 1840, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1844, 
1845 ^^^ 1^4^ h^ was Counsel for the Crown in 
Criminal cases, or as it is now called Crown Pro- 
secutor, at Montreal. In a Return of the names of 
Gentlemen, who have been employed as Queen's 
Counsel or Counsel for the Crown in the Province 
of Canada, since the Union, his name appears for 
Canada East, with the amount of his Fees, as 
follows : — 

Alexander Buchanan, Queen's Counsel, 



1841 
1842 

1843 
1844 

1845 
1846 

1847 
1848 
1849 



322. 








797- 


18 


•4 


572 


.2 


8 


479- 


16 


8 


898. 


13 


II 






157- 


5 






Total ;£3,327.i6. 7 



In 1846, his account for costs in suits for Cus- 
toms duties at the instance of the Collector at 
Montreal, amounted to £195. 18.6. 

On Saturday, the loth April, 1847, ^^^ Court 
of Queen's Bench at Montreal was closed on ac- 
count of the sudden indisposition of Judge Day. 
For some time Judge Gale had been unable.through 
9 



130 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

illness, to sit. This left only Judge RoUand but 
as the law required that two judges should always 
be on the Bench during the Superior Term, the 
Court was forced to adjourn. 

The Bar was very indignant at seeing the Bench 
deserted and in the afternoon a meeting was held 
in the Advocates Room in order to make a protest 
to the Executive. 

The following members were present: — La 
Fontaine, Cherrier, A. Ouimet, F. Pelletier, Cartier, 
Robertson, Bethune, Fleet, Godard, Letoumeux, 
Buchanan, MacDonell, Loranger, Ibbotson, Beau- 
dry, Taylor, Buchanan (G. C. V.), Hubert, Moreau, 
Ross, LeBlanc, Audy, Day, Easton, Rpssiter, G. 
Ouimet, Scott, Tailhades, Coursolles, Bouchette, 
Hart, Salmon, Conoll, Roy, Armstrong, Lafrenaye, 
Maclver, Poitras, LeBlanc, Burroughs, Johnson, A. 
R. Cherrier, Belinge, Rochon, Papin, Fenwick, 
Berthelot, J. A. Morin, Radiger and MacKay. 
Toussaint Peltier was in the Chair, and R. MacKay, 
acted as Secretary. 

Moved by Mr. Buchanan, seconded by Mr. 
Johnson, and Resolved: — That the Bar of Mont- 
real believes it to be its duty to express the regret 
which it feels at seeing that since the death of the 
Hon. Chief Justice Vallieres de St. Real, the num- 
ber of the Judges of the Cotirt of Queen's Bench 
for this District has remained incomplete, and 
that the Bench is composed in such a way that 
there has been no quorum for the administration 



ALEXANDER BtTCHANAN, Q.C. I3r 

of justice on account of the accidental illness of 
one Judge as happened this morning." 

In the case of the Queen against James Carroll, 
who was tried fqr murder, at Montreal, on the 8th 
February, 1848, before Judges Rolland and Day, 
the Attorney General Badgley and Mr. Buchanan, 
■Q.C, prosecuted for the Crown, and B. Devlin 
defended the prisoner, who was convicted on the 
loth February. In a report of this case it is said, 
**Mr. Buchanan, Q.C, then prayed for judgment, 
upon which the prisoner was sentenced to death." 
This sentence was subsequently commuted to im- 
prisonment for life in the penitentiary. 

At a meeting of the Bar in Montreal, held on 
the 5th May, 1848, a committee composed of 
Toussaint Peltier, Alexander Buchanan, Q.C, 
WilHam C Meredith, Q.C, A. Aim6 Dorion, 
Christopher Dunkin and Romuald Cherrier, were 
appointed to communicate with the Bars of the 
different districts for the purpose of ascertaining 
their views as to taking steps to incorporate the 
Bar of Lower Canada and with the committees to 
be appointed by the different districts, to prepare 
a draft of an Act of Incorporation to be submitted 
to the legislature. 

At a meeting of the Bar of Montreal, held on 
the 30th December, 1850, A. Buchanan, Q.C, C 
S. Cherrier, Q.C, and G. E. Cartier,were appointed 
a Committee to report on the legality or illegality 
of the Advocates Tariff recently promulgated by 
the Judges of the Superior Court for the Province 



132 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

of Quebec. At a subsequent meeting Henry, 
Stuart, S. C. Monk, Robert MacKay and T. J. J. 
Loranger were added to the Committee, who made 
the following Report. 

"The undersigned forming the majority of the Com- 
mittee charged to decide on the legality of the tariff pro- 
mulgated by the Judges on the 17th December, 1850, are 
of opinion: 

That the tariff of fees for the Superior Court of Lower 
Canada is incomplete and illegal. 

That the former tariff for the Superior Court is not re- 
pealed and still remains in force in virtue of 12 Victoria, 
ch. 38, sec. 100. 

That the new tariff promulgated for the Circuit Court is 
valid and repeals all other tariffs formerly in force for the 
said Circuit Court." 

A. Buchanan. 
S. C. Monk. 
Henry Stuart. 
R. MacKay. 
T. J. J. Loranger. 

Early in February, 185 1, it is announced that 
on Monday the 17th of February, Alex. Buchanan, 
Esq., Q.C, will lecture on Wills and Successions 
before the members of the Law Students Society. 

At the annual meeting of the Bar of Montreal 
held in May, 185 1, the following were elected 
oflficers of the Bar: — Toussaint Peltier, Batonnier; 
F. Grifhn, Syndic; J. ^. Berthelot, Treasurer; P. 
A. Lafrenaye, Secretary; and A. Buchanan, C. S. 
Cherrier, J. J. Day, G. E. Cartier, S. C. Monk, 
Henry Stuart, T. J. J. Loranger and A. A. Dorion, 
Council of the Bar. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. I33 

At a meeting of the Coi*poration of the Montreal 
EngUsh Hospital in May, 1851, he was elected one 
of the Governors of that institution for the ensuing 
year. 

On the nth June, 185 1, his eldest daughter, 
Elizabeth Jane, was married in Christ Church at 
Montreal, by the Revd. D. Robertson, Chaplain to 
the Garrison, to George Blicke Champion Cres- 
pigny, Captain in the XXth Regiment of Foot, 
then stationed at Montreal. Frederick Horn, 
Colonel, and William P. Radcliffe, Lieutenant of 
the XXth Regiment, and Alexander Buchanan 
signed the Register. 

He died at his house No. 7 Cornwall Terrace, 
St. Denis St., Montreal, on the 5th November, 
185 1, at the early age of fifty -three years. His 
funeral which took place on Saturday afternoon 
the 8th November, was largely attended by the 
Bench and Bar as well as by the public. Judge 
Rolland, Judge Aylwin, and Judge J. S. McCord, 
the Hon. Peter McGill, the Hon. John Molson and 
Sheriff John Boston, Q.C, were the pall bearers. 

The Montreal Transcript of the 8th November, 
185 1, said: — 

"It is with sincere regret that we have to record the 
"death of Mr. Alexander Buchanan, Q.C. The deceased 
"gentleman was one confessedly at the head of the pro- 
"fession which he adorned, in learning and in intelligence. 
" As a feudist and a publicist, he has left no equal. His was 
"a finely cultivated and nobly informed mind. Without 
"much fluency of speech, he was earnest and logical; and, 
*' perhaps, if he spoke less, it was because he reflected more. 



134 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

"Mr. Buchanan was a man who would have adorned any 
** society whatever. Learned, thoughtful, and unpresuming ; 
"to ask his opinion was as nearly as possible to get at the 
"truth. It is to be regretted that beyond a few detailed 
"consultations, he has left so little memorials of his great 
"powers." 

The Montreal Gazette of the same date said: — 

" The LATE A. Buchanan, Q.C. — The funeral of this 
"much lamented gentleman took place on Saturday after- 
"noon. The Hon. Messrs. Justices Rolland, Aylwin and 
* *McCord,the Hon.Messrs. McGill and Molson,and Mr.Sheriff 
"Boston bore the pall, and several of the Judges and a 
"large number of the Bar followed his remains to their 
"last resting place. The profession which he so much 
"adorned in his lifetime, could not but have felt that they 
"were honoring themselves in paying this slight tribute of 
"respect to his memory. He will still live in the remem- 
"brance of those who had the good fortune to know him. 
"We all feel that a master spirit has gone from among us^ 
"and may scarcely hope to possess so ripe a scholar or 
"jurist again for long years to come." 

Even a paper so inimical to his nationality 
and to his party as "La Minerve" is obliged to 
acknowledge that "conscientious studies, an un- 
eiTing judgment and great assiduity for work had 
raised Mr. Buchanan to the first rank of jurists of 
the Canadian Bar. Few men have been so much 
esteemed as Advocates, and few men have had, 
in private life, so many friends." 

He was great as a consulting Counsel, and his 
advice was eagerly sought after, few cases going 
to Appeal without his opinion having been ob- 
tained on one side or the other. The distin- 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. I33 

guished Andrew Stuart, under whom he had 
studied, and John Fletcher and Henry Black, Q.C, 
both of whom became judges, were his intimate 
friends and had the greatest reverence for his 
opinions and the deepest admiration for him, 
whom they held to be the most thorough Roman 
lawyer at the Bar. 

In 1844, Mr. Meredith, Q.C, afterwards Chief 
Justice Sir William C Meredith, in the course of 
an opinion expresses the high esteem in which 
Alexander Buchanan was universally held, when 
he says, — 

*' It is not without some diffidence that we express our 
"opinion, on the foregoing casie, which has been submitted 
"for our consideration; that opinion being at variance with 
" a judgment which has been pronounced by Mr. Buchanan. 
"But notwithstanding the sincere regard which we enter- 
"tain for the views of that justly eminent lawyer, yet we 
"must say, that we are unable to discern any reason 
"sufficient to reconcile our minds to the judgment to which 
"we have already made allusion. 

And Mr. Meredith concludes, — 

"Such is our view of the matter, but even taking it for 
"granted that it is well founded, we apprehend that there 
"would be some difficulty in inducing the magistrates to 
"adopt it, opposed as it is to the opinion of Mr. Buchanan." 

He exemplified in his person the truth of that 
well-known remark made by a celebrated man 
that "there seldom yet has been an able and 
"determined man who did justice to the law, to 
"whom it, did not, in turn, at one time or another, 
"amply do justice/' 



J$6 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

It may not be inappropriate to give an 
extract from an address delivered by the 
Honorable Francis G. Johnson, on the occasion 
of his installation to the Chief Justiceship of the 
Stiperior Court for Lower Canada, on Saturday 
the 25th January, 1890, in the Court House at 
Montreal : — 

"With more than the number of years commonly 
"allotted to man stretching behind me, of which time half 
"a century has been passed in the profession of the law, 
"and half of that again on the Bench, I have something to 
"remember, though it may not be so easy to tell it as it 
''impresses me: for if not within these very walls yet within 
"those of the old Cotirt House which they have replaced, 
"and on this very spot, or very near to it, indeed, I have 
"seen Chief Justices Reid, O'Sullivan, Valli^res and Rol- 
"land on the Bench — ^men whose names will surely live in 
"the annals of our profession; and at the Bar I have heard 
"Buchanan and Walker, and Driscoll, and Meredith, and 
"Drummond, and Lafontaine, and Dorion, and Loranger, 
" and Papin, and many others, some passed into the shadow- 
"land, and one or two still with us, like our venerable 
"friend, who has so kindly joined in the chorus of your 
"good wishes for me to-day." 

It is greatly to be regretted that he did not 
accept the office of Chief Justice, for he would 
have adorned it, and he would have been enabled 
to show his ix)wers to the full, thus perpetuating 
his great knowledge of the law in his judgments, 
which would have then been placed on record. 
As it is, without these, his name is yet remem- 
bered at the Bar, and his reputation as a great 
lawyer still stands and will go down to future 
generations of lawyers. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 1 37 

His written opinions alone would entitle him 
to rank as a jtirist, and stand foremost in the annals 
of the Bar of Lower Canada. 

He left but two manuscript volumes of the 
many Opinions given by him. These Opinions, 
written in a chaste literary style, are examples 
of his great erudition and of his happy command 
of language. 

The following selections are taken from these 
Opinions. 

Thus, on the question whether the public could 
legally claim any right in or upon certain property 
bounded in front by the River St. Lawrence, he 
says : — 

*'For a long period of time the question re- 
specting the property of the banks and shores 
of navigable rivers was one much cultivated and 
involved in doubt. 

It seems, however, to have been at last the 
settled opinion of modern and more enlightened 
Jurists in France, that the property of the banks 
and shores of navigable rivers resides in the pro- 
prietors of the adjoining lands, subject to the 
exercise by the public of the servitude of use for 
the purposes of navigation and intercourse. 

The jurisprudence, in truth, merely revived in 
France the principles of the Roman Law on the 
same subject which were in vigor in that country, 
at an early day before the servile favorers of the 
Royal Domain had endeavored to introduce a 
contrary rule. 



138 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

The language used by the Sovereigns of France 
in their Ordinances on this subject impUes a re- 
cognition of the titles individual to this species of 
property, while the main object of these enact- 
ments was to limit that property and to define 
the rights of the public upon it, &c." 

He concludes another opinion with this sen- 
tence: — 

**In considering the above questions we have 
had cause to lament the poverty of our jurispru- 
dence on the subject of fire insurance. No causes 
similar to that under consideration as to the con- 
struction of these policies and of their conditions 
seem to have as yet occurred as subjects of judicial 
decision and coming at our conclusions we have 
been constrained to advert to general principles 
of law and to analogy." 

He was a man of the highest and purest in- 
tegrity. His manners were graceful, engaging and 
courteous, and he had a kind disposition. In 
appearance, he was tall, of an erect and dignified 
carriage and fine presence. His face was interest- 
ing and attractive. His forehead broad and well 
developed, and his complexion fair, his hair brown 
and thick. He was extremely particular about 
his dress. For some years previous to his death 
he walked stiffly from the effects of a fractured 
ankle. 

In his political opinions, he was a Tory of the 
home school but seems to have steadfastly kept 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 1 39 

aloof from the violent and discordant political 
discussions of those days. 

In conclusion, it is not going too far to apply 
to him the delightful language of Brougham writ- 
ing of a great jurist: "There has seldom," he 
writes, "if ever, appeared in the profession of the 
law any one so peculiarly endowed with all the 
learning and capacity which can accomplish, as 
well as all the graces which can embellish, the ju- 
dicial character, as this eminent person .... 
His judgment was of the highest caste ; calm, firm, 
enlarged, penetrating, profound . . . His vast 
superiority was apparent when, as from an emi- 
nence, he was called to survey the whole field of 
dispute, and to marshal the variegated facts, dis- 
entangle the intricate mazes, and an-ay the con- 
flicting reasons which were calculated to distract 
or suspend men's judgment. If ever the praise of 
being luminous could be justl}'' bestowed upon 
human compositions, it was upon his judgments, 
and it was the approbation constantly, as it were 
peculiarly, appropriated to these wonderful ex- 
hibitions of judicial capacity." . . . 

"His learning, extensive and profound in all 
professional matters, was by no means confined 
within that range. He was amply and accurately 
endowed with a knowledge of all history of all 
times; richly provided with* the Hterary and the 
personal portion of historical lore; largely fur- 
nished with stores of the more curious and recondite 
knowledge which judicious students of antiquity 



I40 . ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

and judicious students only, are found to amass ; 
and he possessed a rare facility of introducing such 
matters felicitously for the illustration of an ar- 
gument or a topic, whether in debate or in more 
familiar conversation. But he was above the 
pedantry which disdains the gratifications of a 

more ordinary and every day curiosity 

Above all, he was a person of great classical attain- 
ments, which he had pursued and, indeed, im- 
proved from the earlier years of his life . . . and 
hence, as well as from the natural refinement and 
fastidiousness of his mind, he derived the pure 
taste which presided over all his efforts, chasten- 
ing his judicial composition and adorning his ex- 
quisite conversation. Of diction, indeed, he was 
among the greatest masters." 

Among those who studied in his office were 
William Foster Coffin, author of "1812," and at 
one time Joint Sheriff of Montreal; Samuel Com- 
wallis Monk, afterwards a Judge of the Court of 
Queen's Bench; Christopher Dunkin, afterwards a 
Judge of the Suj^erior Court; Sydney R. Belling- 
ham, who died in Ireland in 1900, aged 92 years, 
and the late John Monk, advocate. 

In his Will, made at Montreal, on the i6th 
October, 185 1, in the presence of Henry Ogden 
Andrews, advocate, John Monk, advocate, and 
Hanbury L. MacDougall, he gave directions that 
his estate should be sold and the proceeds invested 
in good and sufficient securities. He left to his 
wife the use of the interest of the proceeds during 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 141 

her lifetime, and after her death, he gave to his 
youngest child Mary, the sum of Two thousand 
pounds, and as to' the rest of his estates he left 
them in equal shares between all his children. He 
appointed his "said wife and son George Charles 
Vidua, and my friend Hugh Taylor, of Montreal, 
Esquire, Advocate, Trustees for the purposes afore- 
said, and also Executrix and Executors of this 
my last will and testament." 

His Will was probated on the 13th December, 
185 1, on the petition of the Execvitors through 
their attorney, F. G. Johnson. 

He was one of the best classical scholars of his 
day. A great lover of books, he had collected a 
remarkably large and rare library containing many 
first editions. "He was," wrote one a few years 
ago, "a lover of letters. Canadian bibliophiles can 
point to their choicest specimens of Canadian a 
bearing on the title page the well known signature 
of this gentleman." His library passed through 
the great fire of 1852, and was sold in that year. 
Among the rarer editions were the following 
selection : — 

Roman Civil Law. 

Accursii, Glossae ad Institutiones, i vol. 8vo. — ("very rare 

and valuable.") 
Brissonii, de Formulis Juris Civilis Romani, Francofurti, 

1592, I vol. 4 to ("rare and valuable.") 
Brissonii, Opera Minora, Lugd. Bat, 1749, in vellum, 
("Scarce.") 



142 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

Corpus Juris Civilis, cum comment: Accursi glossatum, 
Ludguni, 1612, 6 vols, folio, ("a very valuable edi- 
tion.") 

Corpus Juris Civilis, Gothofredus, Amstel, 1663, 2 vols, 
folio, "Entre toutes ces ditions, on pr^f^e celle de 
1663, parce qu'elle est mieux executde; parce que le 
texte Grec des nouvelles manque dans plusieurs des 
Editions nouvelles; enfin parce que les additions faites 
dans les temps post^rieurs, ne I'emportent pas sur le 
prix d'une Edition d'Elzevir." Le Camus Bibl: de 
Droits 287. Sells at Paris for 141 francs, see Brunet." 

Cujacii, Opera Omnia Fabrotus. Paris 1658, "a rare edi- 
tion of this valuable work. The Edition of 1795 sells 
for £14 14 o steriing; see Bohn. This edition is in 
excellent condition. "Le c^l^bre Jurisconsulte Cujas, 
est, sans contredit le premier des interpretes du Droit 
Romain. ' ' Duptn. 

Corvinus, Enncleatio Juris Civilis sec. ord. Inst. (Elzevir 
1664.) 

Digesta et Institutiones Justiniani, (Gothefredus 1583) i 
vol. 8 vo. 

Evarardi, Loci Argumentorum Legales, (Lugduni 1568) 
I vol. 8 vo. 

Grotius, de Belli et pacis jure, 1670, i vol. 8 vo. 

Gothofredi, (Jacobus) Opera minora juridica, i vol. folio, 
Ludg. Bat. 1773 in vellum (rare). 

Gothofredi (Theophilus) i vol, 4 to. Genevae, 1620. Greek 
and Latin in vellum, very rare. 

Leyseri, Meditationes ad Pandectas, Lipsae, 12 vols, in 10, 
4 to, "Get ouvrage, fort estim^ des jurisconsultes Alle- 
mands, est peu commun en France." Brunei. "A 
valuable edition, in vellum." 

Novdt, Opera Omnia, 2 vols, folio, Lugd. Bat. 1767. 

Pacii, Analysis Juris Civilis, sec. ord. Instit. (1601) i vol. 
18 mo. 

Petiti Leges Atticae, i vol. folio, Paris, 1685. — "a great 
body of Philological and Juridical learning." Bohn. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. I43 

Respublica Romana, i vol. 24 mo. (Lug. Batava. Elzevir, 

1629.) 
Strykii, Opera Praestantiora, i vol. folio, "rare edition." 
Zonchoeius, Quaestiones Juris Civilis (Oxon, 1660) i vol. 

18 mo. 

English Law. 

Fortescue's de Laudibus Legum Anglicae (very scarce) 
I vol. 8 vo. 

English Literature. 

Austin's Haec Homo, wherein the excellency of the creation 
of woman is described. London, 1737, (rare and very 
curious) I vol. 24 mo. 

Digby, Sir Kenelm, the Sympathetic Powder, a discourse in 
solemn assembly at Montpellier, by Sir K. Digby, 
Knight. London 1769, i vol. 12 mo. (rare and very 
curious.) 

Jonson, Ben, Works of, London, 163 1 i vol. folio. "Very 
scarce and valuable." 

Jones Secret History of Whitehall from Charies II. to the 
abdication of James II., London 1697. "A very 
curious and scarce work." i vol. 24 mo. 

Little's Poems, London, 1804, i vol. 12 mo. very scarce. 

Milton's Minor Poems, London, 1645. ("Very rare*') x 
vol. 12 mo. 

Maurice, Prince of Nassau, Heroic Acts of, i vol. 4 to. 
("very scarce.") 

Magica Adamica, or the Antiquities of Magic by Enger, 
Philadelphia, London 1650, i vol. 36 mo. "very rare 
and curious." 

Ramesey, W. Gent, and Student of Astrologie. Astrologie 
restored, London 1651, i vol. 4 to. "A very curious 
and rare work." 

Systemia Agriculturae, of the Mystery of Husbandry Dis- 
covered, to which is added the Kalendarium Rusticam, 
by J. W. Gent. London 1669, i vol. 24 mo. "Very 
curious and rare." 

Testament, New (Geneva) 1557, Rare, i vol. 8 vo. 



144 alexander buchanan^ q.c. 

French Literature. 

Comines, Phil, de, ses M^moires. Paris 1576, 2 vols. 36 
mo. "An extremely rare edition. An edition of 1648 
sold for 80 francs at Didot's." 

L'Art de Verifier les dates des Faits Historiques, des 
Chartes, des Chroniques et autres ancien Monumens, 
depuis la Naissance de Notre Seigneur. Paris, 1783, 
3 vols, folio. "Ouvrage tr^s estim^ et dont les ex- 
emples se sont vendus jusqu'a 300 francs et plus cher. 
Ordinairement vendu, Fargeau, 650 francs." Brunei, 

Nouvelles Pens^es sur la cause de la Lumi^re, i vol. 8 vo. 
"Very curious and scarce." 

Rabelais, Oeuvres de, (Edition Jacob) i vol. 18 mo. and 
Geneva 1782, 4 vols. 24 mo. 

Sevigniana, (1656) i vol. 24 mo. 

Traits sur les Perruques, i vol. 18 mo. "Very curious 
work; it contains the autograph of the celebrated 
Archbishop Bossuet." 

Italian Literature. 

Davila Historia, delle Guerre Civili di Francia, i vol. 4 to., 

Venetia, 1692. In vellum. 
Soave, Pietro, Istorica del Concilio Tridintino, i vol., 4to. 

Geneva, 1660. '* A rare and valuable edition." 

Dutch Literature. 

Valentyn, Oud en Nieuw Oost Indien, — A collection of 
voyages to the East Indies (in Dutch) with numerous 
plates of Natural History, views, portraits, charts, &c. 
Amst. 1726. "Cette collection est fort curieuse." 
Brunei. "This work is scarce and little known." 
Dibin. " A copy sells for £15 15 o strlg." Bohn. 

Greek Literature. 

AristoteUs Opera, 4 vols. 12 mo. Greek and Latin. (Pacii 
1587). 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 14$ 

Antoninus Liberalis (Xylandri), i vol. i6 mo. — Basil 1568. 

"Xylandri, not being satisfied with his first attempt 

of editing this author, caused the present edition to be 

published, which is, in every respect, a more valuable 

one, and is nearly as rare as the former." Dibdin. 
Apthonii, Progymnasmater, i vol. 36 mo. Greek and Latin, 

1627, — "scarce." 
Aelianus de Animalibus, i vol. 36 mo. Greek and Latin, 

1616. 
Casaubon, Athenai Diepnosophista, i vol. folio, Lugduni, 

1557, — "scarce and valuable." 
Dinneri Epicthetorum Graeconmi Farrago, i vol. i6 mo. 

1607. 
Demosthenis Oratio de Corona, Greek and Latin, Cramoisy, 

1648, I vol. 16 mo. 
Epicteti, Stoici Philosophi Enchiridon, i vol. 8 vo. Wolfius 

Londini, 1670, — "rare." 
Florelegii Variorum Epigrammatum, i vol., 1604. 
Herodiani Historia, i vol. Greek and Latin, Oxon: 1678. 

* ' Very correct and beautiful . ' ' Dibdin, 
Homeri Ilias, i vol. 8 vo., Greek and Latin, Heyne, 1819. 
Heliodori, Aethiopico, i vol. 16 mo. Frankfort, 163 1. 

"Recherch^e et peu commune." Brunei, "Valued by 

him at 30 frs." 
Hippocratis Aphorismata, i vol. 24 mo. Greek and Latin, 

1633. 

Longini de sublimitate, i vol. 12 mo. Amstel, 1733. 

Plutarchii Opera Omnia, 6 vols. 8 vo. Greek and Latin, 
Stephanus 1572, — "very rare. Brunet says: — "Edi- 
tion non moins remarquable par sa belle execution que 
par son exactitude, les exemplaires ainsi complets, sont 
tr^ recherch<5s." Vendu £12 15 o. Dibdin says: — 

"This is the first edition of the entire works of Plutarch." 
Dr. Harwood says: — "This is the most correct work 
of that great man (Stephanus) ever published." 

Pindari Olympia, &c., et Anacreontis Carmina, 2 vols. 
36 mo. Greek and Latin, H. Stephanus 1586. 

10 



146 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

Sophoclis Tragediae, 2 vols. 16 mo. (Foulis 1745.) 
Suidae, Lexicon, i vol. folio, Froben Basil, 1544, — "This 
is an exceedingly valuable and scarce edition — ^worth 

£15." 

Scrip tores de re accipitraria, i vol. 4 to. (1612). 
Tragediae Selectae, 2 vols. Greek and Latin, (Stephanus, 

1567). 
Testamentum Novum, 2 vols. 24 mo. Elzevir, 1624. 
Xenophontis Cyropaedia, i vol. 8 vo. (Paris, 1538). 
Xenophontis Memorabilia, i vol. 8 vo. (Oxon. 1749). 
Zosimi Historiae, i vol. 12 mo. Greek and Latin (Oxon, 

1679). 

Latin Authors. 

Ansonii, Opera, i vol. 36 mo. Amstel, "rare." 

Amelil, Sex. Vict. Hist. Romanae. i vol. 8 vo. Schotti, 

Leipsic, 1670, "very rare." 
Aeliani, Variae Historiae, i vol. 36 mo. Geneva, 1593, — 

rare — Greek and Latin. 
Apuleii Madravrensis Platonici, Opera omnia quae exstant 

(Wechliana, 162 1) — "very rare and valuable" — i vol. 

24 mo. 
Alius Gellius, Noctes Atticae, i vol. 24mo. (Amstel, 165 1, 

Elzevir) — "valuable and scarce edition." 
Boethius de consolatione philosophicae, i vol. 24 mo. Leip- 
sic , 1 7 5 1 . " Cette edition est tr^s recherch^e. * * Bruntt 
Ciceronis Opera, 2 vols. 4 to. (Vander: a: a: Amstel, 1692). 
Ciceronia Opera Rhetorica, i vol. 18 mo. (Gryph. Lugd. 

1555)— scarce. 
Concionies et Orationes, i vol, 24 mo. Elzevir, 1662. "La 

plus belle et moins commune des quatres Editions de 

ce recueuil qu' ont donnas les Elzevirs — vendu 75 frs." 

Brunei. 
Goezii, Rei Agrariae Scriptores, i vol. 4 to. 1674. — very 

scarce. 
Horatii, Opera cum notis, Bond, i vol. 24 mo. 1767. "A 

fine edition, copied from Elzevir of 1676." 
Juvenalis et Persii, Satyrae, i vol. 4 to. — "valuable edition" 

(Baskerville). 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. I47 

Justini Hist, ex Trogo Pompejo, cum notis, Isaaci Vossii, 

(1722) I vol. 16 mo. 
Livii, Historiae, (Ruddiman, 175 1) 4 vols. 
Lucani, Pharsalia, (Didot) i vol. folio — "valuable edition." 
Lactantii, Opera, i vol. 36 mo. (Lugd. 1593) — "very rare.'* 
Macrobii Opera, i vol. 36 mo. (Lugd. Gryph. 1585)) — 

"scarce and valuable." 
Plinii, Historia Naturalis, 3 vols. 24 mo. 1635, Elzevir. 
Quintiliani Opera, i vol. folio (Paris, Constellier, 1725.) 
Stephani Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, 4 vols, folio — a very 

valuable work. 
Senecae Opera, i vol. folio, (Paris, 16 19). 
Senecae Opera, i vol. 18 mo. (Crispin, 16 14). 
Suetonii Opera, i vol. 26 mo. (Amstel, 16 12) — "rare." 
Senecae Tragediae, i vol. 36 mo. (Amstel, 1678, Elzevir) — 

"rare." 
Statii Opera, i vol. 36 mo. (cum notis Gronovii Amstel, 

1653, Elzevir). "Dr. Harwood calls this a very scarce 

edition . ' ' — Dihdin. 
Silius ItaUcus de secundo Bello Punico, Amstel, 1628, i vol. 

36 mo. 
Taciti Opera, i vol. 36 mo. (Gryph. Lugd. 1584) — "scarce 

and valuable edition." 
Terentii Comediae, i vol. 36 mo. (Amstel 1630). 
Valerii Maximi, Opera, i vol. 16 mo. (Lugd. Gryph. 1538) 

"rare edition." 

Modern Greek and Latin Authors. 

Alexandri ab Alexandro, geniales dies, 2 vols. 8 vo. (Lugd. 

1673)- 
Beroaldi, Phil. Orationes, i vol. 12 mo. (Gauthier, Paris, 

1509) — "scarce." 
Beroaldi, Flores Poetarum, i vol. 36 mo. 1556 — "also 

scarce." 
Buchanan, (George) Opera Omnia, 2 vols, folio, (Edin. 

Ruddiman, 1715). 
Buchanan (George) Poemata, i vol. 24 mo. (Amstel 1687). 



14^ ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

Bacon de Augmentis Scientiarum, i vol. 36 mo. (Lugd, 

Bat. 1652) — "scarce." 
Biblia Sacra, i vol. 16 mo. (Londini, 1656). 
Concilii Tridentini, Celebrati Canones et Decreta, 1677 

"rare" — 18 mo. 
Lavata de Spectris, i vol. 24 mo. Lugd. 1687 — "Curious 

and scarce." 
Lucianus Mortuorum Dialog! (Greek and Latin) i vol. 24 

mo. (Paris, 1656). 
Mureti Orationes, i vol. 36 mo. (Paris 1578) "a rare 

edition." 
Spelmanni Glossarium Archaeologicum, i vol. folio (ed. 

1687). 
Skinneri Etymotogicon, i folio, 167 1 
Scoti (Dun) Quaestiones ad Aristot. Logica. i vol. 16 mo, 

(Edition of 1600). 
Vossii Rhetoricae, i vol. 16 mo. (Edition of 1567). 
Valla (Laurentius) de Linguae Elegantia, i vol. 18 mo. 

(1658). 
Weckerum de Secretis, i vol. 24 mo. (Basil 1642) "Cur- 
ious and rare." 

In the year 1827 he was living near what was 
then known as St. Mary's Foundry. Later he 
occupied a house on Notre Dame Street near the 
old Water Works, in 1832, where his son Alex- 
ander Brock was bom. From this house he re- 
moved to the large house owned and at one time 
occupied by Sir James Stuart, situated at some 
distance east, also on Notre Dame Street, and 
which was still standing in 1892, being then 
used as a carriage factory. About 1838 he moved 
into the large and comfortable house which he 
had built at Cote a Barron, now known as Sher- 
brooke Street. It still stands at the comer of 




< 

In 



O 

3 
o 



ji 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. I49 

Sherbrooke and Cadieux Streets, fronting on the 
former. The grounds which surrounded the house 
extended down the slope to Ontario Street, then a 
creek. They are now covered by houses and divi- 
ded up by streets, and the stables have been torn 
down. Here he lived until 1849, when he leased 
it to Lieutenant-General Sir William Rowan, 
K.C.B., Commander of the Forces, and went to 
live at No. 7 Cornwall Terrace, St. Denis Street. 

The Cote a Barron house was subsequently 
occupied by Lieutenant-General Sir William Eyre, 
and then by Sir John Michel, and in 1852 it was 
sold to Mr. Bruy^re, a partner in the large and 
wealthy firm of Masson, Bruyere, Thomas & Co. 

In 1849 Cornwall Terrace was the fashionable 
row of houses in the city. In 1850 Sir James E. 
Alexander, A.D.C., lived in No. i; Col, Dyneley, 
R.A., C.B. (whose wife was a sister of Lord 
Ellenborough), in No. 2; J. B. Greenshields in No. 
3 ; John Ostell in No. 4 ; Henry Jackson in No. 5 ; 
E. S. Freer in No. 6 ; and Mr. Buchanan in No. 7. 

After her husband's death Mrs. Buchanan con- 
tinued living at No. 7 Cornwall Terrace until 1852, 
when the Terrace was destroyed in the great fire. 
The family then moved to Bleury Street above 
Ontario Street, and after that, in 1854, to No. 49 
Champ de Mars. In 1855, Mrs. Buchanan with 
her daughter, Mary, went to Hve in England. In 
1857 she returned and lived first at Woodstock, 
and afterwards, at Quebec, with her son Brock. 
She died on the 18th July, 1862, at Saco, Maine. 



150 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

They had issue: 

I. George Carlo Vidua Buchanan, was born on 
the 20th October, 1825, at Montreal. He was named 
after Count Vidua, an Italian friend of his father's, 
who had visited him at Montreal . His god-parents 
were Maria Froste, William Buchanan, and Henry 
Black by his proxy George Stuart. He went to 
Black's School on St. Helen's Street, at Montreal. 
In 1840, he began the study of the law in the 
office of Henry Black, Q.C, at Quebec. While 
there he lived with his uncle, Alexander Carlisle 
Buchanan. Returning to Montreal he entered the 
office of C. S. Cherrier, Q.C, and Mr. Antoine 
Dorion, afterwards Chief Justice of the Queen's 
Bench, and at that time practising together, but 
leaving them he completed his law studies in the 
office of John Rose, Q.C, afterwards Sir John Rose, 
Bart., and was admitted to the Bar on the 14th 
November, 1846. He practised for some years at 
Montreal in partnership with Mr. John Monk, the 
firm being Monk & Buchanan, and then removed 
to Sweetsburg in the Eastern Townships, at which 
place he ever afterwards practised. He was at 
one time in partnership with the Hon. L. S. 
Huntington and for many years with the Hon. G. 
B. Baker, the firm being Buchanan & Baker. In 
1862 he was appointed Crown Prosecutor for the 
District of Bedford, which office he held until his 
appointment to the Bench. In 1864 he was ap- 
pointed by the Quebec Government Commissioner 
to settle the much disputed question relating to 



.,=#is>^ 




HON. G. C. V. BUCHANAN 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. I5I 

titles of Bolton lands and acted in such capacity 
for three years. He was appointed a Queen's Coun- 
sel on the 28th February, 1873 ; a Commissioner for 
consolidating the General Statutes of the Province 
of Quebec in 1877, and on the 28th February, 1881, 
he was raised to the Bench as Judge of the Super- 
ior Court for the District of Bedford, in the place 
of Mr. Justice Dunkin, and was sworn in on the 
2 1 St March, 1881. In 1885 he was appointed Re- 
vising Officer. In the month of January, 1887, 
he resigned his seat on the Bench. The Legal 
News noted his retirement in the following terms : 
* 'Under the pressure of many losses, we have 
* 'omitted to notice particularly the retirement of 
"Mr. Justice Buchanan of the Superior Court. 
**It was rumoured at first that his withdrawal was 
**only temporary and that after a period of rest he 
* 'would probably be able to resume the duties of 
"his office. We regret that this information proves 
"to be without foundation and that Mr. Justice 
"Buchanan has been compelled, by the condition 
"of his health, to place his resignation in the hands 
"of the Government. Mr. Buchanan, who was 
"assigned to the district of Bedford, was a Judge of 
"great accomplishments and personally very much 
"esteemed. Many of his judgments have appeared 
"in this journal, and bear evidence of his ability 
"as a jurist. He has also sat from time to time 
" in the Court of Review in this City, and his 
"presence will be greatly missed by his colleagues 
"and by the profession generally." 



152 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

He married on the 1 7th November, 1 863 , Abbie 
Louise Snow. He died at Montreal on the 3rd 
July, 1 90 1. He left issue: — 

(i) Mary Maud, married on ist January 
1896, to George G. Foster, K.C., of Montreal; and 
has issue: (i) George Buchanan, bom 17th 
August, 1897; (2) Ruth Elizabeth. 

(2) Florence Geraldine, died on 25th 
March, 1886, aged 16 years, at Sweetsburg; 

(3) Charles Ernest, bom 15th June 187 1. 

II. Elizabeth Jane Buchanan, bom on the 
24th October, 1827, at Montreal. Her sponsors 
were Hon. John S. McCord, Mary Griffin, wife of 
the late Frederick Griffin Q.C, of Montreal, and 
Mary Irwin, by her proxy Maria Froste. On the 
nth June, 185 1, she was married at Montreal to 
Captain George Blicke Champion Crespigny, XXth 
Regiment, of Foot, second son of Charles Fox 
Champion Crespigny, Esquire, of Harefield House, 
Uxbridge, Middlesex, England. In 1854 Captain 
Crespigny was appointed to the School of Mus- 
ketry at Hythe, England, with the brevet rank 
of Lieutenant-Colonel from 1859. He died on 
the 30th June, 1893, aged 78 years, at Folke- 
stone. Mrs. de Crespigny Q) died on the 30th 
April, 1897, at the same place. They had issue: — 

(i) George Harrison Champion de Crespigny, 
of Burton Latimer Hall, Kettering, Northampton- 



Q) In 1876 Colonel Crespigny took up the " de," which for 
some reason had been dropped by his father. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. I53 

shire, bom on the 9th July, 1863, gazetted 14th 
May, 1884, Lieutenant in the Northamptonshire 
Regiment. He was appointed Captain in the 3rd 
BattaHon Northamptonshire Regiment (Militia) 
in 1892, Honorary Major in 1898, and Major in 
1903. On the ist December, 1890, he married 
Gwendoline Blanche, daughter of W. C. Clarke- 
Thomhill, of Rushton Hall, Northants. Fixby, 
Yorkshire, and Swakeleys, Middlesex, J. P. for Co. 
of Northampton. He has issue: — 

(i) George Arthur Oscar, bom 25th 
November, 1894. 

(2) Mildred Frances. 

(3) Gwendoline Sibyl. 

(2) Julia Constantia, died on 7th September, 
1876, aged 24 years, at Les Avants, Montreux, 
Switzerland. 

(3) Georgiana Elizabeth. 

HI. Wentworth James Buchanan, bom i ith 
December, 1828, at Montreal. His sponsors were 
C. R. Ogden, Anne Amelia Monk, and R. W. 
Harwood. He was educated at the High School 
at Montreal, and in 1847 entered the Commercial 
Bank of Canada, leaving which he entered in 1853 
the service of the Bank of Montreal. In 1858 he 
was appointed Agent at Woodstock, Ont., and 
held in succession the post of Manager at Brant- 
ford, Cobourg, Hamilton, Toronto, and at Montreal 
in 1874. In 1879 h^ was appointed Assistant 
General Manager, and in 1881 General Manager of 



154 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

the Bank of Montreal. He retired on the 31st 
October, 1890. He married Agatha, youngest 
daughter of Major Arnold R. Burrowes, Grenadier 
Guards. He died at Montreal, on the 2nd of 
July, 1905. He left issue: — 

(i) Claude Wentworth, of Montreal, bom 
22nd May, 1872. 

(2) Fitzherbert Price, B. Sc, of Mont- 
real, bom 1 6th March, 1874. 

(3) Richard Trevor, of Woodlands, P.Q., 
bom 1 8th November, 1876; married in 1905 
Constance Hale, of Lennoxville, and has 
issue : — 

(i) Mary Ada (Minda). 
(2) Alice Agatha, married to Frank H. 
Weir, of Montreal, and has issue. 

IV. William Robert Buchanan was bom on 
22nd September, 1830, at Montreal, went to 
to Australia and thence some years afterwards to 
the Sandwich Islands. He married twice, having 
issue by both marriages, and died in January, 
1902, at Honolulu. He married, first. Miss Musel- 
white and had issue, Gertrude, died immarried; 
Charles A.; William; Amy, married to Mr. Hope; 
and Helen, married to Mr. Brundage; secondly, 
Emma C. Brickwood, and had issue ; Wentworth 
M. ; Irene Martha, married to William H. Cornwell, 
Jr. ; Grace, married to Allen Dunn; May, married 
to Henry N. Almy; Alexander, and Agnes'^Judd. 




WENTWORTH J. BUCHANAN, 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 1 55 

V. Alexander Brock Buchanan, of Montreal 
and Murray Bay, was bom on the loth January, 
1832, at Montreal, in his father's house on. Notre 
Dame Street, which stood almost opposite the 
Donagana Hotel, now used as the Notre Dame 
Hospital. He was baptized on the i6th March 
following by the Rev. John Bethune, Rector of 
Christ Church, of Montreal. The Sponsors were 
James C. Buchanan by his proxy, Alexander 
Buchanan, W. Guild and Sarah Blackwell by her 
proxy, Margaret Jamieson. In September, 1843, 
on the opening of the High School of Montreal, 
he went to that school, where he remained until 
1847 when he went to Brantford and entered the 
establishment of Mr. Ignatius Cockshutt, general 
merchant. In August 1850, with his uncle, 
William Oliver Buchanan, he set out for Charleston, 
Kanawha Co., Virginia, where he was engaged at 
the coal mines. He returned to Montreal in 1852, 
and in May of that year went into the office of 
Mr. Jesse Joseph, and in the following May into 
the office of Gillespie, Moffatt & Co. On the 
I St May, 1856, he entered the service of the Bank 
of Montreal. In April, 1857, he went as Ac- 
countant to Bowmanville, Ont. ; in 1858 as 
Accountant to Cobourg; in 1859 as Accountant to 
Quebec; in September 1863 he was appointed 
Agent at Cornwall; in December 1866, Agent at 
St. Catharines, Ont., in January, 1869, he was act- 
ing Agent at Simcoe, and in May, 1869, he returned 
to the Head Office at Montreal. He was appointed 



156 ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. 

Secretary of the Bank of Montreal in 1876, and In- 
spector of Branch Returns in 1896. On the ist 
September, 1898, he was granted one year's leave 
of absence, and on the ist November, 1899, after 
more than forty-three years of active service in 
the Bank of Montreal he retired on his pension. 
It was chiefly due to his efforts that the Pension 
Fund Society of the Bank of Montreal, of which 
he was one of the charter members, and the first 
secretary, was founded. On the 12th May, 1857, 
he married Elizabeth Ann, daughter of Francis 
Best and of Emily Atkinson, his wife, of Montreal, 
who had come with her parents to Canada in 1842. 
They were married by the Rev. John Bethune, 
Dean of Montreal, in St. John's Chapel, Gosford 
Street, Montreal. Mrs. Brock Buchanan was bom 
on the 22nd April, 1834, at Killyman, in County 
Armagh, Ireland, and was baptized on the 24th 
May, 1834, by the Rev. H. Revel, Curate Assistant 
of Killyman. Her mother, Emily Atkinson, who 
was bom in 1807, was the daughter of Joseph 
Atkinson, Esq., of Crowbill, near Portadown, Co. 
Armagh, and was married on the 27th November, 
1828, in the Parish Church of Tartaraghan, Co. 
Armagh, by the Rev. Henry Stewart, in the pres- 
ence of her father, Joseph Atkinson, and Joseph 
Willis, to Francis Best, who was bom in 1804. 

They had issue : — 

(i) George Reid, bom on the 6th March, 
1858, at Bowmanville, C.W., and died on the i6th 
January, 1861, at Quebec. 




ALI.XAXDKK UK(K K BICHAXAN. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, Q.C. I $7 

2. Alexander Buchanan, late of Vancouver, 
B. C, bom on ist September, 1861, at Quebec; 
married at Montreal on 25th November, 1903, 
Anna Mary, daughter of the late Hon. James 
O'Brien, of Montreal. 

3. Rupert Charles Buchanan, of Montreal, 
bom on 7th June, 1867, at St. Catherines, C. W.; 
married on 22nd April, 1896, at Quebec, Mary- 
Jane, daughter of William McLimont, of Quebec, 
and has issue : 

(i) Alexander Ronald, bom i6th July, 1901. 

(2) William Henry Keith, bom 4th June, 

1903. 

(3) Nancy Greaves. 

4. Arthur William Patrick Buchanan, K.C. , of 
Montreal, bom on 4th November, 1870, at Mon- 
treal; matriculated from the Montreal High 
School into the first year of the Faculty of Arts, 
McGill College, in September, 1887; graduated 
LL.B. in Laval University on 29th April, 1893, 
and admitted to the Bar of the Province of Que- 
bec on the 8th July, 1894; appointed K. C. in 
1908; married at the Parish Church of Stoke 
Poges, Bucks., Eng., by the Rev. Vemon Blake, 
Vicar of Stoke Poges, on the 2nd June, 1897, to 
Berthe Louise, elder daughter of the late WiUiam 
Quirin, and of Isabelle Mercer, his wife, of Boston, 
Mass.; admitted a member of the Buchanan 
Society, of Glasgow, Scotland, on the ist 
November, 1900; practises with Mr. W. J. 



15^ ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 

White. K. C, the firm being White & Buchanan. 
He has issue: 

(i) Erskine Brock Quirin, bom on 21st March, 

1898, at Montreal. 
(2) Audrey Isabel Patricia. 

5. Albert Edward Clarence Buchanan, born 
on 4th November, 1870, at Montreal. 

1. Elizabeth Emily (Lemmy) died on 26th 
January, 1880, at Montreal. 

2. Frances (Lily) married on 15th April, 
1899, ^y ^^^ Rev. Canon Norton, D.D., at Christ 
Church Cathedral, Montreal, to Arthur Hamilton 
Buchanan, Manager of the Bank of Montreal at 
Spokane, U. S. A., son of the late Alexander 
Carlisle Buchanan, of Quebec. 

3. Ethel (Cherry) died on 23rd September, 
1898, at Montreal. 

4. Gwendoline, died on Sunday, the 26th 
July, 1896, on her 19th birthday, at Montreal 

VI. Margaret Lucy, born on 13th May, 1834, 
and died on 27th March, 1837. 

VII. Frederick Albert, bom on 17th Feb- 
ruary, 1836, and died on 27th October, 1842. 

VIII. Mary Alexandrina, bom on 25th 
October and died on 20th November, 1841. 

IX. Mary, bom on loth October, 1842, mar- 
ried on loth November, 1876, at St. Thomas's, 
Portman Square, London, to Richard Mainwaring 
WiUiams, M.A., St. Peter's College, Cambridge, 




MRS. ALEXANDER BROCK BUCHANAN. 



ALEXANDER BUCHANAN^ Q.C. 1 59 

clerk in Holy Orders, Rector at that time of Ed- 
mondshaw, Dorset, and later of Hamhill, Ciren- 
cester, in Gloucestershire, Eng. She died on the 
17th June, 1901, at Hamhill. She had issue: 

(i) Herbert Mainwaring, bom on 9th June, 
1879, Lieutenant in the Army Veterinary De- 
partment. 

(2) Gwladys Louisa. 

(3) Marjorie Mary. 



Buchanans of that Ilk. 



Buchanans of that Ilk/ 



For our knowledge of the history of the Family 
of Buchanan, we are indebted to William Buchanan 
of Auchmar. His very interesting Essay upon 
the Family and Surname of Buchanan, first pub- 
lished in the year 1723, and written in quaint 
language, is of the greatest authority. Our 
gratitude is due to the author for the splendid 
result of his labour and research, in which we 
possess so complete a record of the Family of 
Buchanan and of its various branches. 

The author, the sixth Laird of Auchmar, mar- 
ried on the 4th June, 1696, Jean Buchanan, 
daughter of John Buchanan, Laird of Carbeth> 
and died in 1747. 

In the preface to his book, the author says 
that in some cases, where authentic records could 
not be had, he had been obliged to take up with 
the best attested and most generally received tra- 
ditional accounts ; yet for the most part he says 
that he is supported in what he says by ancient 
charters of uncontested authority. 

I The above is chiefly compiled from " A Historical and Genea- 
logical Essay upon the Family of Buchanan," by William Buchanan 



of Auchmar, first published in the year 1723, and reprinted in 1820, 

thendrick," by the late Mr. T( 
F. S. A., Scot., in which the section on the Buchanan genealogies 



and from " Strathendrick," by the late \lr. Tohn Guthrie Smith, 



was prepared by Mr. A. W. Gray Buchanan from genealogical trees 
and memoranda written by Mr. Guthrie Smith. 



l64 BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 

The following is the account which he gives of 
the origin of the family: — 

'* Sueno, or Canutus, at this time (1014) King 
of England and Denmark, his birth-day ap- 
proaching, which all the Danish officers and 
soldiers in Ireland resolved to solemnize with 
great jollity, Turgesius, the Danish General, 
sent orders to all the Danish officers in Ireland 
to repair to Limerick, being their principal 
garrison and his residence, to assist at the so- 
lemnity, fearing nothing that the Irish would or 
could do in such low circumstances. The 
general at the same time sent orders to the Irish 
nobility and gentry, to send to Limerick against 
the King's birth-day a thousand, or, as others 
say, two thousand of the most beautiful of their 
daughters, to dally with the Danish officers at 
that festival. Of this the Irish King getting in- 
telligence, resolved to send the desired number 
of the most clear-complexioned youths that 
could be found, clothed in women's habit, with 
long Irish skiens, or daggers, below their clothes, 
with orders that, so soon as they went to bed 
with their several paramours, being generally 
drunk on such occasions, they should stab them 
with these concealed daggers, and afterwards 
seize upon their guard-house, where their arms 
were laid by, and if matters succeeded, to give 
a signal by kindling a large fire upon the town 
wall; the Irish King with a small party being 
ambushed in a wood near by, in expectation of 



BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 165 

the event. These Irish viragoes put their orders 
into execution to the utmost, and having given 
the concerted signal to the King, introdiiced 
him and his party to the town, who, without 
any mercy or resistance, killed all the Danes 
in the garrison, being destitute of sense, officers, 
and arms, reserving their General Turgesius 
for further punishment, which was inflicted 
upon him by drowning, which then, and as yet, 
is reputed the most ignominious death among 
the Irish. Most of all the other Danes through- 
out the kingdom were shortly after cut off. 
This massacre was a kind of parallel to another 
of that nature committed on the Danes in Eng- 
land some little time before this, by command 
of Ethelred, the English King. But, as that, 
so also this, fell short of the success projected 
thereby. For no sooner was the Danish King 
of England informed of his countrymen's 
disaster, than he sent a powerful army into 
Ireland, which with the utmost rigour did pro- 
secute all who had any hand in this late tragedy ; 
so that most of them fell victims to the rage 
of their inveterate enemies, and those who did 
not were necessitated to abandon their native 
country. Among the number of those was " — 
I. Anselan Buey Okyan, or Fair Okyan, son 
to Okyan, provincial king of the south part of 
Ulster, who left Ireland about the year 1016, 
and went to Scotland, where he entered the ser- 
vice of Malcolm, King of Scotland, and for his 



l66 BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 

services against the Danes received the grants of 
several lands in the north part of Scotland, is said 
by Auchmar to be the first Laird of Buchanan. 
The account of the origin of the surname of Buch- 
anan in general, and of six of the first principal 
men of that family successively in particular, is 
founded by Auchmar upon probable and uncon- 
troverted tradition. 

" Anselan Okyan," says Auchmar, "not only 
** was recompensed for this service by King Mal- 
** colm with lands of considerable value, but also 
** with very splendid arms. The arms assigned 
" by that king to this Anselan upon account of 
" his descent, and more especially upon account 
" of his heroic achievements, are, in a field or, a 
** lion rampant sable, armed and langued gules, 
*' holding in his paw a sabre, or crooked sword, 
" proper, which arms that surname retained 
*' always without the least addition or variation, 
** until that addition obtained upon a very honour- 
** able occasion, at the battle of Bauge." 

Anselan, the first Laird of Buchanan, married 
the heiress of Denniestoun, and was succeeded by 
his son, 

n. John, whose son and successor was 

in. Anselan, whose son and successor was 

IV. Walter, whose son and successor was 

V. Girald, or Bernard, whose son and suc- 
ccessor was 

VI. MacBeath, whose son and successor was 

VII. Anselan, the seventh Laird, who was 



BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 16/ 

seneschal to the Earl of Lennox. In the year 
1225, he obtained from Malduin or Maldoven, 
third Earl of Lennox, a charter of an island in 
Loch Lomond called Clarines or Clareinch, which 
charter was confirmed by King Alexander IL 
in the year 1231. Of Clareinch, Auchmar says — 
*' The Isle of Clareinch was the slugom, or call 
*' of war, proper to the family of Buchanan; 
** such Uke being usual in all other families in 
'* these times, and for some following ages. So 
** soon as this call was raised upon any alarm, 
** the word Clareinch was sounded aloud from 
** one to another, in a very little time, throughout 
" the whole country; upon hearing of which all 
* ' effective men belonging to the Laird of Buchanan, 
*' with the utmost diligence, repaired well armed, 
*' to the ordinary place of rendezvous, which, 
** when the lairds resided in that island, was upon 
** a ground upon the shore opposite thereto. 
" That which in these more modem times came 
*' in place of the slugom was the fire-cross, being 
" a little stick with a cross on one end of it, the 
** extremities of which were burnt, or made black 
** by fire. This cross, being once set a-going, 
** was carried through with such despatch, as in 
'* a few hours would alarm the people of a vast 
'* extent of ground." 

*' The name of Buchanan," he says, ** was 
*' so numerous in heritors, and the castle of 
" Buchanan so centrally placed in respect of the 
** interests and residence of these heritors, that the 



l68 BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 

" Laird of Buchanan could, in a summer's day, 
" call fifty heritors of his own name to his house, 
" upon any occasion, and all of them might with 
" conveniency return to their respective residences 
" against night, the furthest of them not being 
" above ten miles from Buchanan." 

Anselan had three sons, Gilbert, his successor, 
(2) Methlen, ancestor of the McMillans, and (3) 
Colman, ancestor of the MacColmans. 

VIII. Gilbert Buchanan, who is said to have 
been the first to assume the surname of Buchanan. 
The ancient surname of the family was MacAusland 
or Macausland. As to the meaning of the name 
Buchanan, the author of '* Strathendrick " says: — 

" The Rev. J. B. Johnston derives the place 

* name Buchanan from the Gallic bog chanan, 
' * low ground belonging to the canon.' The 
' surname also takes in Gallic the form ' Mac-a- 
' chanonaich/ ' son of the canon,' but nothing 
' seems to be known as to the canon to whom this 

* refers, history and tradition being alike silent 

* on the point." 

Gilbert Buchanan, who was also seneschal, 
or chamberlain, to the Earl of Lennox, was Laird 
about 1274, and was succeeded by his son, 

IX. Sir Maurice Buchanan, who had three 
sons, Maurice, his successor, (2) Allan, who mar- 
ried the heiress of Lenny, and (3) John, ancestor 
of Buchanan of Auchneiven. 

X. Sir Maurice Buchanan lived about 1320. 

'' There is a traditional account," says Auch- 



BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 169 

mar, " that king Robert Bruce, after his defeat 
' at Dalree, near Straithfillan, by Macdougall, 

* lord of Lorn, and his adherents, came all alone, 
' on foot, along the north side of Loch Lomond 
' (being the most rugged way of any other of this 
' kingdom), the day after that battle, to the castle 
' of Buchanan ; where, being joyfully received, 

* and for some days entertained, he was secretly 
' conveyed, by the earl of Lennox and Buchanan, 

* to a place of safety. This report is the more 
' probable, in regard there is a cave near the shore 
' of Loch Lomond, in Buchanan parish, termed 

* the King's Cave ; it being reported, that king 

* Robert lay over night in that cave, in his journey 
' towards Buchanan." He married a daughter of 

Sir Walter Menteith of Rusky and had a son, 
XL Sir Walter Buchanan, who, according 
to Auchmar, '' seems to have been a very active 
" gentleman, and made a very bright figure in his 
'' time, having made a very considerable addition 
" to his old estate by the purchase of a great 
" many other lands." He lived to a great age, 
and had only one son, John,^ who married the 
heiress of Lenny, and died before his father. This 
John had three sons, (i) Sir Alexander Buchanan, 
who slew the Duke of Clarence at the battle of 
Bauge in 1420, and was himself slain at the battle 
of Vemeuil in the year 1424, being never married. 
(2) Sir Walter Buchanan, who succeeded to the 



(1) Auohmar deaiciuites this John the 12th Laird of Buchanan. 



170 BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 

Estate of Buchanan, and (3) John of Ballachon- 
dachy, ancestor of the Buchanans of Lenny. 

The author of the book Pluscarden gives the 
following account of these two battles: — 

" In the year 1420 envoys were sent by 

* Charles VII. king of France, to the governor 

* of Scotland, the duke of Albany, for succour 

* against Henry V., who was then invading the 

* kingdom of France with a great host of men- 

* at-arms, seizing and ravaging everything. So 

* the governor called together the three estates 

* of the realm, and despatched his son John, earl 
' of Buchan, with whom was Archibald Douglas, 
' eldest son of the earl of that ilk and nephew 

* of the said duke, with ten thousand men-at- 

* arms splendidly equipped at the expense of the 

* said king of France ; and ships were sent both 
' from France and from Spain to the said king- 
' dom of Scotland to bring the said nobles to the 

* said kingdom of France. They were welcomed 

* with the greatest rejoicings, and the chief leaders 

* of the army were given fine places to live in, 

* to wit, the castle of Chatillon to the earl of 

* Buchan, the castle of Dunleroi to Archibald 

* Douglas, earl of Wigtown ; the castle of Lan- 

* geais to sir Thomas Seton, and the castle of 

* Concoursault to sir John Stewart of Damley, 

* together with their respective lands and domains 
' and most wealthy towns and fortresses. Now 

* these, until the battle of Bauge, were not thought 

* much of, but were called by the French only 



BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 



171 



mutton-eaters and wine-bibbers and consumers, 
and of no vise to the king and kingdom of France, 
until and up to the time that the battle of 
Bauge was fought chiefly by the Scots, where 
the whole nobility and the flower of the English 
chivalry fell in battle, on Easter Eve, during 
an eight days' truce and armistice agreed upon 
by the chiefs, namely, the said lords of Scotland 
and the duke of Clarence of England, out of 
reverence for Christ's passion and the taking 
of the sacrament. Yet on the eve of the said 
Easter Festival, while the Scots thought no 
evil, nay, were utterly free from falseness and 
deceit, and were playing at ball and amusing 
themselves with other pleasant or devout oc- 
cupations, all of a sudden the English chiefs 
treacherously rushed upon them from an ambush 
while they were almost unarmed. But by God's 
mercy some men of note were playing at a pas- 
sage over a certain river, and they caught sight 
of their banners coming stealthily in ambush 
through the groves and woods. So they hastily 
gave the alarm at the top of their voices, and 
defended the passage for a while with bow and 
spear; else all the chiefs of Scotland, thinking 
no evil, would have been taken unawares and 
destroyed with the edge of the sword. But 
the English chiefs, fully armed cap-a-pie, pre- 
sumptuously thinking they would utterly bear 
down and defeat the Scots in the twinkling 
of an eye, left their archers behind in their too 



172 BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 

great haste ; and thus they were routed by the 
Scots, who were hghtly armed and almost with- 
out armour. For the latter are most mighty 
men at a sudden charge and very good with 
the spear ; and they came pouring in at the word 
with great shouting, roused and emboldened 
by the bad faith of the English and strong in 
their own good faith, and thereby rendered 
braver; and with so impetuous an onset did 
they assail and bear down the English chiefs 
with spears and maces of iron and lead and 
keen -edged swords, that they bore down and 
felled to the earth both the chiefs and their 
comrades, as well as their standard-bearers, 
banners, attendants, pennons, flags and stan- 
dards, and at the first shock slew the flower 
of the chivalry of the English army, the duke 
of Clarence, brother to the king of England, 
and other generals and earls and magnates, 
knights and barons, with many other lords; 
and, when they had despatched their followers 
who were present, the others behind them, who 
were coming to the fight, were quickly put to 
flight. This was at the hour of Vespers. Further- 
more the chiefs of Scotland and their army 
pursued the fugitives as far as the bridge of a 
certain town which is called Le Mans, eight 
leagues off, killing some, capturing some and 
smiting down others, until interrupted by the 
night, when they escaped in the woods and 
groves.*' 



BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 



173 



*' There was the king's brother the duke of 
Clarence slain, as stated, and the earl of Kyme, 
the earl of Riddesdale and the lord de Roos, 
together with the lord Grey of Codnor and many 
other barons, to the number of twenty-six 
territorial lords; and there were taken the earl 
of Somerset, brother of the queen of Scotland, 
the wife of King James I., and the earl of Hunt- 
ingdon. Somerset was taken by Lawrence 
Vemor, a Scot, and by sir John Sibbald, knight 
of Scotland; and also the brother of the said 
earl of Somerset. The lord of Fewant was 
also taken there, as well as many other lordlings 
of whom there is no mention. Nor do I find 
any positive account of who killed whom in 
such a general melee\ but the common report 
was that a highland Scot named Alexander 
Macausland, a native of Lennox, of the house- 
hold of the lord of Buchan, killed the said duke 
of Clarence; for, in token thereof, the afore- 
said Macausland brought with him to camp a 
golden coronet of the finest gold and adorned 
with precious stones, which was found on his 
helmet upon his head in the field; and he sold 
it for a thousand nobles to the lord Darnley, 
who afterwards left that coronet to Robert 
Houston in pledge for five thousand nobles he 
owed him. Note that few Scotsmen and French- 
men died, not more than eighteen, of whom 
two were Frenchmen, men of quality, namely, 
Charles Boutillier and the brother of the lord 



174 BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 

* des Fontaines. On the day following Easter 

* Sunday news reached the king of the French 

* that all the Scots ran away, and that the French 
' gained the field and the victory and the honour; 
' whereat the king of France, who was at Tours, 
' marvelled greatly. But on the fourth day 

* after the battle the Scottish chiefs presented 
' themselves with their prisoners, two earls of 

* England and five or six great barons, before 

* the king of the French at the said city, while 

* the French had no prisoners. Then the king 

* publicly broke forth in these words, saying, 

* * Ye who were wont to say that my Scots were 
' of no use to me and the kingdom, and were 

* worth nothing save as mutton-eaters and wine- 
' bibbers, see now who has deserved to have 
' the honour and the victory and the glory of 
' the battle.' 

" The Dauphin of France, seeing the summer 
' was passing away and winter approaching, 

* and looking to the good luck of the Scots and 

* relying on their help, after mature deliberation 

* sent the aforesaid earl of Buchan, Constable 

* of France, into Scotland to bring back a larger 

* army of Scots. He brought back with him 

* Archibald, earl of Douglas, second of that name, 

* together with ten thousand men-at-arms and 

* many other nobles, knights, barons, lords and 

* others, splendidly appointed, some of whom 

* landed in Brittany, some at La Rochelle, at 

* the Feast of Fasten's Even in the year 1423. 



t 



BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 



175 



The king of France was defunct, and his son 
the Dauphin Charles not as yet crowned, as 
divers cities stood in his way between him 
and the place of his coronation, the city of 
Rheims. He was indeed king, although not 
crowned; but he had few supporters in the 
kingdom, owing to the difference between him 
and the duke of Burgundy on account of the 
murder of the duke of Orleans; and therefore 
he was in great want of money. Still the king 
bestowed upon the said earl of Douglas the 
duchy of Touraine, and the other lords he grati- 
fied according to their rank, so that, what with 
gifts and with promises, they were content to 
live and die in the cause of the king against the 
English. At length the brother of the defunct 
king of England, the duke of Bedford, then 
regent in France, and with him the earl of 
Salisbury and the duke of Gloucester with a 
large train of men-at-arms, laid siege to the 
castle of Ivry in Perche, and it was arranged 
with them that, failing succour within forty 
days, the aforesaid castle was to be surrendered 
to them. So the chiefs of the Scots, seeing 
this, prepared with all alacrity and speed to 
have an encounter with them. And it came 
to pass thus. When this earl of Douglas and 
duke of Touraine had been made lieutenant- 
general of the king of France, and invested 
with the ducal coronet at Bourges in Berri 
with the utmost magnificence, and had after- 



176 BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 

wards posted guards in his castles and towns, 
he got ready on the appointed day; and with 
him were the said earl of Buchan, constable 
of France and son-in-law of the said lord duke, 
as well as the whole nobility of Scotland who 
were there at the time; and of Frenchmen 
there were the counts de Harcourt, d'Aumale, 
de Tonnerre, de Narbonne, and many French 
nobles; and these all fell in the battle, so that 
hardly any noble either of Scotland or of France 
escaped from the aforesaid, but was either 
taken prisoner or slain. There, on some level 
ground near the town of Vemeuil, between the 
said castle of Ivry and the aforesaid town, died 
the said duke of Touraine, together with the 
constable of France, his son-in-law, and James 
Douglas, his second son, a most gallant knight, 
and the nephew of the king of Scotland, and 
other barons and knights, to the number of 
fifty lords of distinction, and a great host of 
others, both nobles and bowmen, whose num- 
bers it is impossible to fix with certainty, though 
they are set down at seven thousand Scots 
and five thousand Frenchmen. Now the man- 
ner and cause of the loss of the battle were as 
follows. The French army did not come quite 
in time on the appointed day for the recovery 
of the castle, but on the following day; and 
thus the castle was surrendered to the English, 
and the French army at Vemeuil in Perche, 
which was held for the king of England, made 



BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK VJJ 

*' ready and gave the assault and took the town. 
" Then they posted their army all round and en- 
*' camped, thinking the English army would 
'* return to Normandy. At length French scouts 
** came in great haste, saying that the whole 
** chivalry of the English were approaching 
*' quickly in three separate lines of battle, and 
" were about to charge them. On hearing this 
" the Scottish chiefs fell to wrangling among 
** themselves as to which of them should take 
" precedence, and much jealousy was stirred up; 
" and thus disunited, divided, not thoroughly 
" one in heart, they marched upon the field of 
*' battle. The Frenchmen, however, who were at 
*' one among themselves, formed another line, 
" while the Lombards and Germans were in re- 
" serve in a third line. 

" The French troops being thus drawn up, 
" the English in like manner were drawn up in 
" three lines of battle, in the first of which was 
*' the earl of Salisbury, in the second John duke 
" of Bedford, and in the third Frenchmen, Bur- 
*' gundians, and strangers. The Scots first charged 
** the vanguard of the English, where was the 
** earl of Salisbury, and made the greatest havoc 
" of them. Bringing some of them to the ground, 
" kiUing some and putting others to flight, they 
" drove them back splendidly, forcing them to 
" retreat upon the second column or line of battle. 
'* On seeing this, the Lombards and Germans 
*' and Gascons, who had armour on their horses 



178 BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 

* as well as on their bodies and were all mounted, 

* being unwilling to dismount, and thinking the 
' victory declared for the French, began to fall 
' upon the baggage behind and rear-guard ; for 

* they were as it were a flying column appointed 
' to succour the others in time of need. And in 
' fact at the first onset they charged the English 
' archers and broke their ranks; and, on others 

* coming up, they made a gap through them, 
' and passed on to the booty, while the others, 
' in their terror, took to flight and joined the 
' column of the duke of Bedford, where they 

* rallied. And thus the English lords, inspirited 

* by their arrival, renewed their battle cries, 

* and, massing themselves in one body, returned 

* and charged the ranks of the French and Scots, 

* who, as already stated, were foolishly divided 

* among themselves and allowed gaps in their 
' line. Wherefore the English, caught between 

* the lines of the Lombards and the French, so 
' that they had either to defend themselves or 

* die in battle, made an effort, pushed between 

* their lines, and finally gained the victory, 

* cruelly and mercilessly killing all the lords and 

* nobles. The Lombards, however, after they 

* and their followers had taken the spoil, seeing 

* the result of the battle, the cruel slaughter 

* and the flight of the French, retreated in a body 

* without returning, and did not draw rein until 

* they reached the river Loire, where they divided 

* the spoil. And thus their plundering occasioned 



BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 



179 



* the loss of the battle. After the victory, how- 

* ever, the field was pillaged, and heralds sought 
'out the bodies of the lords, to wit of the duke of 
' Touraine, of the earl of Buchan, who was also 
' the constable, and of James Douglas, the said 

* duke's son; and their bodies were taken to 

* Tours in a wagon, and were buried in one and 

* the same grave in the cathedral church of the 
' said city, in the middle of the choir. But the 

* duke of Bedford, after gaining this victory, 

* amid his pomp and vainglory was smitten with 

* most loathsome leprosy on his return to Rouen, 
' and expired, leaving the government to the 

* earl of Salisbury, who began to exercise the 
' office of regent in the most overbearing man- 

ner. 
XII. Sir Walter Buchanan, married Isobel 
Stewart, daughter of Murdoch, Duke of Albany, 
and Governor of Scotland. He had three sons : — 
(i) Patrick, his successor; 
(2) Maurice, who was Treasurer to Princess 
Margaret, daughter to King James I. of Scot- 
land, and wife of the Dauphin of France, after- 
wards Louis XL, and who accompanied her to 
France, and was present at her death in the 
year 1430. This Maurice Buchanan is supposed 
by Mr. W. F. Skene to be the author of the 
Liber Pluscardensis. 
'* He was," says Skene, ^ " a master of arts. 



X Liber Pluscardensis, edited by Felix J. H. Skene, 
page ai. 



Preface, 



l8o BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 

** as appears by the title of Maitre, but must 
" have been quite a young man, and in Sir John 
** Stewart's (of Damley) suite, and therefore 
*' must have been in the town of Orleans when 
" Joan of Arc raised the siege, and entered the 
*' town in May, 1429, only three months after 
** Sir John Stewart's death. Maurice of Buchanan 
" must have seen her, and known her, and may 
" have been present at her death. After this he 
** returned to Scotland; for Bower, in narrating 
" the voyage of the Princess Margaret to France 
'' in 1436, under the charge of the Bishop of Brechin 
" and the Earl of Orkney, gives a list of her suite. 
" In this list he gives the names of six knights. 
** Then follow, * Magistri Johannes Stewart, prae- 
*' positus de Methven, et Maurice de Buchanan, 
*' thesaurarius Delphinissae, clerici.' If Maurice 
*' of Buchanan was treasurer to the Dauphiness, 
* ' he occupied a position that must have brought 
" him into continual and close intercourse with 
" her. He was also, as we see, a cleric, a Scots- 
" man, and a Highlander of Lennox, and this 
** combines in his person all the conditions indi- 
** cated by the work itself." 

" Pluscarden was a Cistertian Priory founded 
** by Alexander the Second, and Spottiswood, 
** in his account of it, adds, * It is commonly 
" reported that the famous Book of Pluscarden, 
" seen and perused by George Buchanan, was 
" penned here.' I am indebted to Mr. Stuart 
** for a passage in the history of the Abbots of 



BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 



l8l 



Kinloss by Ferreriiis, which bears that during 
the tenure of the abbacy by John Flutere, 
seventeenth Abbot from 1445 to 1460, the White 
monks were ejected from Pluscarden, and 
Black monks, or Benedictines, introduced. 
These monks seem to have come from Dun- 
fermline, for in the chartulary of Dunfermline 
there is, in 1454, a commission by the Abbot of 
Dunfermline to the Prior of Pluscarden, in 
which it is called ' a cell of Dunfermline,' and 
' a convent now of the order of St. Benedict; * 
and 1456, another commission by the Abbot 
of Dunfermline to William de Boyis, his sacris- 
tan, to visit the Priory of Pluscardyn, with a 
view to its reformation, — a commission which 
ended in the usual way, for in 1460 we find 
the Abbot confirming a deed granted by William 
de Boyis, Prior of the Priory of Pluscarden. 

" In the following year, 1461, the author writes 
his history at the command of the Abbot of 
Dunfermline, which would be intelligible enough 
if he had then retired to Pluscarden, at that 
time a cell of Dunfermline, and under the Abbot's 
jurisdiction. 

" The conclusion I come to is, therefore, that 
the Liber Pluscardensis, or Book of Pluscarden, 
is the correct name of this work, and that it 
was probably compiled in the Priory of Plus- 
carden, in the year 1461, by Maurice Buchanan, 
who was a cleric, and had been treasurer to 
the Dauphiness." 



l82 BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 

(3) Thomas Buchanan, ancestor of Car- 
beth. 

XIII. Patrick Buchanan, who married one 
Galbraith, heiress of Killeam, Bamoir and Auchin- 
reoch, had (i) Walter, his successor, and (2) 
Thomas Buchanan, ancestor of Drummikill, and 
a daughter Anabella married to James Stewart of 
Baldorrans. 

XIV. Walter Buchanan, who married the 
daughter of Lord Graham, had two sons: 

(i) Patrick Buchanan,^ who married the 
daughter of the Earl of Argyle, was killed at the 
battle of Flodden in the year 1513, in the life- 
time of his father and left two sons, (i) George, 
who succeeded his grandfather, and (2) Walter 
Buchanan, ancestor of Spittal. 

(2) John Buchanan, of Arnpryor and Gar- 
tartan, ancestor of the family of Arnpryor. 
XV. George Buchanan, who succeeded his 
grandfather, Walter Buchanan of that Ilk, mar- 
ried, first, Margaret Edmondstone, daughter of 
the Laird of Duntreath, by whom he had (1) John,^ 
who died before his father, married, first, Elizabeth 
Levingstoun, daughter of Lord Levingstoun, 
and had George, his successor; secondly, Helen 
Chisholme, daughter of William, Bishop of Dun- 
blane, by whom he had a daughter, Elizabeth, 
married to Mr. Thomas Buchanan of Ibert, Lord 
Privy Seal ; second, Janet Cunninghame, daughter 



(1) This Patrick Buchanan is deeignated by Auohmar as the 16th Laird of 
Suohanan. 

(2) Auohmar calls him the 18th Laird of Buchanan. 



BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 183 

of Cunninghame of Craigens, and widow of the 
Laird of Houston. He had by this marriage, 
(2) WiUiam, ancestor of Buchanan of Auchmar, 
and a daughter Margaret, first married to Cun- 
ninghame of Robertland, secondly to StirUng of 
Glorat, and thirdly to Douglas of Mains. George, 
Laird of Buchanan, was Sheriff -Principal of Dum- 
bartonshire, and died 15th February, 1560-61. 

XVn. Sir George Buchanan, succeeded his 
grandfather, George, Laird of Buchanan, in 1561. 
He married Lady Mary Graham, daughter of 
John, Earl of Menteith, and had John and two 
daughters, (i) Helen, who married Alexander 
Colquhoun of Luss, and (2) Susanna, who married 
John Macfarlane of that Ilk. 

XVHL Sir John Buchanan, who married 
Annabel Erskine, daughter of Adam, Commenda- 
tor of Cambuskenneth, son of the Master of Mar, 
had, (i) George, his successor, and (2) Walter 
Buchanan. This Sir John Buchanan *' was," 
says Auchmar, '* accounted the worst, if not the 
" only bad one of all the Lairds of Buchanan;" 
and by his frequent travels into foreign nations 
and other extravagances had involved his estate 
in such an immense debt that his grandson at first 
found it inconvenient to enter as heir. 

XIX. Sir George Buchanan, was Colonel of 
the Stirlingshire Regiment, and lost a great many 
of his regiment and kinsmen at the battle of 
Ennerkeithing, in which he was taken prisoner, 
and died in 165 1. Of him Auchmar writes: 



184 BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 

** George, third of that name, Laird of Bu- 
** chanan, father to the late laird, who being 
** colonel of the Stirlingshire regiment, during the 
** whole of the civil wars in the reign of king 
" Charles I., was with his regiment (most of the 
" officers and a good many of the soldiers thereof 
** being of his own name) at the battle of Dunbar, 
*' as also at the fatal conflict of Ennerkeithing ; at 
" the last of which, Buchanan, with Sir John 
*' Brown, colonel of Midlothian regiment, with 
*' their two regiments, stopped the passage of the 
*' English army over Forth for some days, and 
" would have continued so to do till relief had 
" come from the king's grand army, then encamp- 
** ed at Stirling, had not major general Holbom, 
*' commander in chief of that party of the Scot- 
" tish forces (biassed as was thought with Eng- 
" lish gold) commanded these brave gentlemen to 
" abandon their post, and allow the English free 
" passage, which when effected, the general drew 
** on these two regiments with that of brave Sir 
** Hector McLean, mostly composed of his own 
** name, to an engagement with the best part of 
"the English army; Holbom himself, with his 
*' regiment of horse, wheeling off without firing 
" one shot, and leaving these three regiments of 
" foot to the mercy, or rather merciless rage of the 
" enemy, they after a most valiant resistance, 
*' even much greater than could be expected 
" from their number, were in the end over- 
** powered, and mostly cut to pieces. The laird of 



BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 185 

" McLean, with most of any account of his name, 
" was killed, as also a vast number of the name 
" of Buchanan, the laird himself with Sir John 
** Brown, and some few other officers, being 
*' made prisoners, in which condition Buchanan 
*' continued unreleased till his death in the year 
'' 1651." 

Sir George married Elizabeth Preston, only 
daughter of Sir George Preston of Craigmillar. 
He had one son, John and three daughters, (i) 
Helen, who married Sir John Rollo of Bannock- 
bum, (2) Agnes, who married James Stewart of 
Rosyth (3) Jean or Janet, who married John 
Leckie of that Ilk. 

XX. John Buchanan, last Laird of Buchanan, 
who married, first, in 1653, Lady Mary Erskine, 
daughter of Henry, Lord Cardross ; and second, in 
i677» Jean Pringle, daughter of Mr. Andrew 
Pringle, a minister. By his first wife he had 
a daughter, Elizabeth, married to James Stewart 
of Ardvoirlich, by whom he had a daughter, Janet, 
married to Henry Buchanan of Leny. In conse- 
quence of the extravagances of his grandfather, 
Sir John Buchanan, the last Laird succeeded to 
a greatly encumbered estate, and being compelled 
to compromise with the creditors he entered upon 
the estate as singular successor. He died in 
December, 1682, and his estate was purchased 
from his creditors by James, third Marquis of 
Montrose. 



l86 BUCHANANS OF THAT ILK 

As given by Auchmar, the paternal arms of 
the family of Buchanan are: — 

Or, a lion rampant sable, armed and langued 
gules, within a double tressure, flowered and 
counterflowered with flower-de-luces of the second. 

Crest, a hand coupee holding up a ducal cap, 
or duke's coronet, proper, with two laurel branches 
wreathed surrounding the crest, disposed orleways 
proper; supported by two falcons garnished Or. 

Ancient motto above the crest: — Audaces 
Juvo, Modem motto in compartment: — Clamor 
nine Honos 



The Buchanans of Blairlusk. 



James Buchanan, H.B.M. Consul 
at New York. 



The Buchanans of Blairlusk, 



I. John Buchanan, of Gartincaber, the first 
son of the second marriage of Thomas Buchanan, 
3rd Laird of Carbeth, and third in direct descent 
from Sir Walter Buchanan, 13th Laird of Buchanan 
(who Hved about 1443), was bom in 1545 and 
acquired the lands of Gartincaber. He had two 
sons, (i) George of Gartincaber and (2) William. 

IL George Buchanan, of Gartincaber, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Leckie, and had four sons, the 
eldest, John, to whom his father gave the lands 
of Blairluisk or Blairlusk. 

in. John Buchanan, of Blairlusk, had two 
sons, (i) George of Blairlusk and (2) WilUam. 

IV. George Buchanan, of Blairlusk, was 
bom in 1648, succeeded his father in 1662, and 
having sold his estate of Blairlusk to his brother, 
William, went to Ireland. He settled at Deroran 
in the County of Tyrone, in 1674, and married, 
in 1675, Elizabeth Mayne, and had four sons : (i) 
John of Tyrone, ancestor of James Buchanan, 
H. B. M. Consul at New York from 1816 to 1843; 
(2) William of Tyrone, from whom the Buchanans 
of Meadville, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., are said to be 



I90 THE BUCHANANS OF BLAIRLUSK 

descended; (3) George of Munster, from whom the 
Buchanans of Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.A., are 
said to be descended ; and (4) Thomas of Ramel- 
ton in Donegal, said to be the ancestor of James 
Buchanan, who became President of the United 
States.' 

V. John Buchanan, of Tyrone, who was 
bom about 1676 ; married, in 1703, Catherine Black, 
and had a son John, and others. 

VI. John Buchanan, of Donaghanie, near 
Omagh, was bom in 1704; married first, in 1735, 
Jane Nixon, and by her (who died in 1736) had 
one son, (i) John of Omagh ; secondly, in 1738, 
Mary Orr, and had issue, besides a daughter, (2) 
William, of Deroran, (3) Andrew, and (4) Patrick. 

VII. John Buchanan, of Omagh, was bom 
in 1736. He married, first, Jane Long, who died 
without issue ; and, secondly, in 1770, Sarah, 
daughter of James Sproule, of Granan, near Dro- 
more, Co. Tyrone, and sister of Oliver Sproule, 
Esq., M.D. He was a Commissioner to value the 
glebe house upon a death. He died at Omagh, 
on the 13th October, 1820, aged 84 years. His 
wife died there on the 30th April, 1822, in her 71st 
year. They were buried in Donaghanie Church 
Yard, near Omagh. They had issue: 

(I) James Buchanan, H. B. M. Consul at 
New York, of whom hereafter. 



I •• Strathendrick," by J. Guthrie Smith, page 351. James 
Maclehose & Sons, Glasgow, 1896 



THE BUCHANANS OF BLAIRLUSK I9I 

(II) Jane, married to James Robinson, 
brewer, of Londonderry, and subsequently of 
Niagara, Canada, and had issue, among others, 
Sarah Jane, married in 1832 to James Jay, of 
Litley Court, Herefordshire, and a Magistrate 
for the City of Hereford, and Helena, married 
to Surgeon Waters, of Birr, Ireland/ 

(III) John Buchanan of Lisnamallard, 
Co. Tyrone, bom in 1779, and died at Omagh 
on the 12th January, 1842. He acquired the 
estate of Lisnamallard in 1828. He married, 
in April, 1820, Mary Jane, daughter of James 
Blacker, a Sheriff's Peer and Police Magis- 
trate of Dublin, and had issue : 

(i) John Blacker, Acting Clerk of the 
Peace for the County of Tyrone and Agent 
of the Earl of Charlemont, d.s.p. 1862; 

(2) Jane Elizabeth; 

(3) Sarah, d.s.p.; 

(4) James, d.s.p. ; 

(5) George, of Keston Tower, Kent, bom 
in 1827, M. I. C. E. ; married, in i860, Ger- 
trude, daughter of George Armitage, D. L. 
Yorks, and died, s.p. 7th June, 1897; 

(6) Elizabeth, d.s.p. ; 

(7) William, d.s.p.; 



I James Jay, Esq., of Litley Court, Herefordshire, Magistrate 
for the City of Hereford; bom 1808, married 1832, Sarah, daughter 
of James Robinson, Esq., and by her had, with other issue, 
Tames Albert Buchanan, Captain 3rd Royal Lancashire Militia, 
bom 18^8, married 1869, Alice Marianne, daughter of James T. 
Hill, of Hull, and by her, who died 3rd November, 1907, had issue 
a daughter. 



192 THE BUCHANANS OF BLAIRLUSK 

(8) Mansergh George, d.s.p. ; 

(9) Alexander Carlisle, of Riverdale. 
Omagh, and late of Morden, Manitoba, 
Canada, bom in 1834; married, in 1863, 
Anna Sophia, daughter of D. Wilson, and 
died leaving issue : 

(i) George Alexander, of Morden, mar- 
ried Nora Clutterbuck of Bath, and has 
issue. 

(2) John, who volunteered for active 
service in South Africa and served in the 
Strathcona Horse. 

(i) Mabel, married to Richard Heckels, 
and has issue. 

(2) Jane Gertrude, married to Arnold 
Bowen, and has issue. 

(3) Florence, married to Gustavus Pig- 
gott, and has issue. 

(4) Bertha Violet, married to Charles H. 
Edwards, and has issue. 

(10) Colonel Lewis Mansergh Buchanan, 
C.B., F.R.G.S., F.R. Met. Soc, ofEdenfel 
and Lisnamallard, near Omagh, Co. Tyrone, 
late Colonel commanding the Fourth Batta- 
lion Enniskillen Fusiliers, bom 31st Decem- 
ber, 1836; joined Royal Tyrone Fusiliers 
MiHtia in 1855, and volunteered with 80 
men to the Army in the Crimea in 1856 ; was 
gazetted to the 88th Connaught Rangers, 
with which distinguished Regiment he 
served through the Indian Mutiny, including 




COL. LEWIS M. BUCHANAN, C.B. 



THE BUCHANANS OF BLAIRLUSK I93 

the actions at Cawnpore under Major Gen- 
eral Windham, battle of Cawnpore, capture 
of Lucknow, operations in the Doab with 
the Coliimn under Colonel G. V. Maxwell, to 
whom he was Orderly Officer, and siege and 
capture of Calpee, receiving medal and clasp ; 
rejoined Royal Tyrone Fusiliers in 1862, and 
commanded the Battalion from 1887 to 
1897. He is the author of " Last Winter in 
Spain," ''Through the Himalayas and 
Chinese Thibet," and " The CHmate of 
Ulster." He married first, in 1862, Eleanor 
Margaret, daughter of William Whitla and 
Elizabeth Buchanan, and by her (who died 
in 1877) has issue: 

(i) Lt. Colonel John Blacker Buchanan, 
R.A.M.C, bom 26th April, 1863; educated 
at Sherborne and Dublin University ; served 
in the South African War, 1899-1901, and 
took part in the relief of Ladysmith and 
was mentioned in the despatches; married 
25th October, 1894, Mary Louisa, daughter 
of Rev. A. A. Harland, Harefield, Middle- 
sex, and has issue: (i) Dora Mary, died 
June, 1895 ; (2) Helen Margaret and (3) 
Evaleen Mary, twins; (4) Mary Elizabeth. 

(2) Lewis Ernest, Major Fourth Battalion 
Royal Enniskillen Fusiliers, bom 4th Sep- 
tember, i868;volimteered for active service 
in South Africa and served in the South 
African War; married, 3rd December, 1903, 



194 THE BUCHANANS OF BLAIRLUSK 

Constance Kate, daughter of Frederick S. 
Goulding, Brockley, Kent, and has issue: 

(i) Joyce E. and (2) Audrey E. 
] (3) Mansergh George Reginald, bom 7th 

September, 1870. 

(4) Calvert James Strong, bom loth 
July, 1872; served through the South Afri- 
can War with the Rhodesian Horse and was 
severely wounded. 

(i) Ellen Elizabeth, married to William 
P. Grubb, of Bessbrook, and has issue. 

(2) Mary Jane Eleanor, married to Ef- 
fingham MacDowel, M.D., F.R.C.S., of 
Sligo, and has issue. 

(3) Alice Lilian, married to Charles Hope, 
of Chatham House, Trowbridge, Kent, and 
has issue. 

(4) Eleanora Agnes, married Sept. 3, 1902, 
to Colonel Mackenzie Churchill, late Military 
Secretary, Ceylon, and has issue. 

Colonel Buchanan married, secondly, in 
1878, Wilhelmina, daughter of George A. 
Molony, R.M. 

(IV) George Buchanan, bom in 1782, 
sometime Hearth and Window Collector at 
Belfast and Chief Distributor of Stamps for 
Co. Tyrone, died s.p. in 1869. 

(V) William Buchanan, bom 14th July, 
1785; married in June, 18 14, Anne Hazlett, 
daughter of George Hazlett, of Londonderry, 
who died in Ireland. He went to Canada and 



THE BUCHANANS OF BLAIRLUSK I95 

settled at Yamaska, Lower Canada, where he 
had steam mills. He became a Justice of the 
Peace for the District of Three Rivers, and 
died at Montreal on the i6th August, 1834, 
leaving a daughter, Ann. She was bom in 
Londonderry on the nth June, 18 16, and was 
married at Montreal on the 22nd August, 1834, 
to Henry McFarlane, of London, afterwards 
of Rocky Hill, New Jersey (bom in April, 
1810, at Boston, and died nth March, 1887, at 
Rocky Hill). She died nth November, 1886. 

They had issue : 

(i.) Henry McFarlane, bom i8th Jime, 
1835; d.s.p. 24th October, 1858. 

(2) William Buchanan McFarlane, bom 
3rd May, 1844. 

(3) George Elliot McFarlane, bom 6th 
November, 1848. 

(i) Anne McFarlane, married Abram 
Voorhees, of Rocky Hill, N.J., and left issue. 

(2) Marie McFarlane, married Claude 
Chateaux, of Pau, France, and left issue. 

(3) Helen McFarlane, married Rev. 
Lewis Henry Lighthipe, of Orange, N.J., 
and left issue. 

(4) Laura Elizabeth McFarlane. 

(5) Flora McFarlane. 

(6) Alice Frances McFarlane. 

(7) Catherine Estelle McFarlane. 

(8) Mary McFarlane. 



196 THE BUCHANANS OF BLAIRLUSK 

(VI) Alexander Carlisle Buchanan, bom 
in 1786; went to Canada and became His 
Majesty's Agent for Emigrants at Quebec. 
He wrote " Emigration Practically Considered, 
with detailed Directions to Emigrants proceed- 
ing to British North America," published in 
8vo. in 1826. A second edition was brought 
out in 1834. He returned to Ireland, and 
died s.p. at Omagh, on the 13th April, 1840; 
and 

(VII) Sarah Caroline, bom in 1793, was 
married, first, on the 30th March, 1812, at 
Omagh, to Captain Joseph Orr, of the East 
Norfolk Regiment, who resided at Salem, near 
Londonderry, Ireland (he died on the 6th 
May, 1826, from the effects of a fall from a 
horse) ; secondly, at Cappagh, Tyrone, on the 
23rd September, 1829, to James Marks, of New 
Road, Fitzroy Square, London, and died 
without issue on the 1 6th November, 1862, at 
Kingstown near Dublin, Ireland. 




JAMES BUCHANAN, 
H. B. M. Consul at New York. 



James Buchanan, H.B.M. Consul 
at New York. 



James Buchanan was bom at Strathroy, 
near Omagh, County Tyrone, Ireland, on the 
ist February, 1772. When he was two years 
old his father removed to Omagh, where he 
received his education. Upon the advice of Mr. 
Alexander Carlisle, an Irish solicitor, he studied 
law, and accompanied Mr. Carlisle on circtiit to 
the Liffy Assizes. He states that in the year 
1787 he set out for Dublin on horse-back, there 
being at that time no stages, for the purpose of 
being formally indentured to Mr. Henry Gower, 
Solicitor, the Dublin agent of Mr. Carlisle, and 
having signed his Articles he returned home imtil 
the next term. As for the first two years of his 
clerkship he was only required to attend the 
Hilary and Trinity Terms, he remained at Omagh 
acting as Mr. Carlisle's clerk and looking after 
his business, but the next three years he attended 
all the Terms. 

In 1 79 1, he made the acquaintance of Mr. and 
Mrs. Francis Tempest Brady, whose son, Maziere 
Brady ,^ in 1822, married Elizabeth, daughter 



I Maziere Brady, bom 20th July, 1786, married a 6th July, 
x8ai, Elizabeth Ann (who died i^th June, 1858), daughter of Sever 
Buchanan, Esq., of Dublin. He became Lord Chancellor of Ireland, 



was created a Baronet, and died in 187 1, being succeeded V)y his 
son, Francis William Brady, now Sir Francis Brady, K.C., County 
Court Judge of Tyrone. 



198 JAMES BUCHANAN, II.B.M. CONSUL 

of Bever Buchanan, of Dublin, and became Lord 
Chancellor of Ireland, and of Richard Robinson, 
brother of James Robinson, of Dublin, afterwards 
of Londonderry, brewer, who married his sister, 
Jane Buchanan. At that time Mr. Brady lived 
at No. 18 Parliament Street, Dublin, where he 
carried on the business of lace manvifacturer and 
hatter. This Bever Buchanan died on the ist 
January, 1813, aged thirty years, '* upon his 
rettim from a party at which he had appeared in 
good health and spirits." 

In 1792, upon his admission to the practice 
of the law, he took lodgings with the Robinsons 
and occupied their second floor for three years. 
It was here that, in 1792, he met Miss Sarah 
Hodgson, whose father lived at Workington, in 
Cimiberland, in England. Through her mother, 
who was a near relative of Mrs. Brady, he made 
her a proposal of marriage, which was accepted, 
and in the month of September, 1794, he went 
to Cumberland. All arrangements were made 
for the wedding, which, however, never took place 
on accoimt of her sudden death. He says: 

" I was vain enough to take a man servant 
'* with me, and went to Mr. Hodgson's house, 
" where I resided with a very interesting family, 
*' two gentlemen and three ladies, and most 
" respectably connected, where I was handsomely 
*' entertained. The use of a servant then was to 
*' dress my hair, wearing powder, such was es- 
" sential. After a week or ten days, our marriage 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL I99 

' was fixed, but Sarah having taken cold, a fever 
' ensued, which confined her to bed, and as I 
' had to be back in Dublin before the first of 

* November, to attend Term, the family thought 

* she would be able to go to church, and having 
' been dressed, I aided her downstairs, but she 
' fainted and had to return to bed. I therefore 

* determined to proceed by way of Liverpool to 
' Dublin, which I did a day or two after ; and when 

* I reached Liverpool, where her brother, an 
' attorney, resided, he next morning received a 
' letter of Sarah's death. To describe my feelings 
' is out of the question, nor shall I attempt it. I 
' deemed it the heaviest calamity that could 
'befall me. There was a meekness and total 

* absence of vanity on accoimt of her personal 
' attractions that rendered her, in the eyes of all, 
' more lovely and interesting." 

About this time, a contested election of the 

City of Londonderry was the means of introducing 

him to the notice of the Government. " Mr. 

' Carlisle," he says, " being a freeman of the city, 

* and so confined with the gout determined on 
' being as it were carried to Deny, and I accom- 
' panied him and helped him into bed and to put 
' on his clothes. We arrived on the last day of 

* the election. The candidates were Sir George Hill 

* and Henry Alexander, a nephew of Lord Caledon. 
' His (Alexander's) father had been an alderman 
' and built a splendid house near the City of 
' Deny. Sir George Hill was the son of the 



200 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

' Collector of the Port. On proceeding to the 
' poll Mr. Carlisle had to be borne in an armchair 
' over the heads of the people and voted for Mr. 

* Alexander, and I believe his was the last vote. 
' In a few hoiirs Mr. Alexander came to the Inn 
' to return thanks to Mr. CarHsle and to express 

* his gratitude that being so ill he should incur the 
' risk of the journey, and quite unexpected I, 
' of course, was in the room, and having asked 

* Mr. Carlisle how he should prove his gratitude, 
' Mr. Carlisle replied he had no request as to 
' himself, but he came on account of the young man 

* present, and any service he should render him 

* was all he had to ask. I was not expecting this, 
' upon which Mr. Alexander assured me that on 
' all occasions he would feel most happy to serve 
' me, and I must add, while I deemed it of Httle 

* importance at the time, yet through life he 
'faithfully fulfilled his promise." 

His income derived from his practice soon 
permitted him to keep a saddle horse in Dublin 
and to take additional lodgings at the Black Rock, 
to which he rode daily. 

" Disaffection and rebellion," he says, " was 
" fast spreading in Ireland in 1793 and 1794 under 
*' different names, chiefly among all denominations 
** but the Church of England, as only the mem- 
" bers of that church were appointed to office and 
* ' to the Magistracy, but the Test Act having been 
" repealed, by which I, the son of a Presbyterian, 
*' was put on the same footing as any other subject, 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 20I 

' I was determine<i to hold by the Crown though 
' none of my family held any office. 

" Having called a public meeting to raise a 
' Corps of Volunteers in Omagh, Mr. Galbraith, 
' Lord Belmore's agent, a magistrate and of 

* great might, felt my assumption a reproach and 
' he set on foot a company. I could take no 

* command as residing in Dublin, but I induced a 

* Mr. Smyley, a gentleman of respectability, and a 

* Mr. Simpson, an active young man in Omagh, to 
' become officers, and selected some influential 

* men to be sergeants. In consequence of these 
' efforts a day was fixed for accepting the service 
' of one or other of the companies. My squad 

* was drawn up before my father's house ; Mr. 

* Galbraith's at his home. The officer arrived, and, 
' having briefly heard the facts as to my having 
' started the idea, sanctioned my company, and 

* they were forthwith drilled, clothed, and held 

* their position during all the troubles." 

In 1796, he joined the "Attorneys' Corps," 
which was raised that year in Dublin. Each 
company was composed of 100 men, and no man 
under six feet was admitted into the grenadier 
company. He not being of the required height 
was placed in the rear guard. The silver 
plate, a buckle with the letters A. C. and the date 
1 796 with the arms of Ireland on it, which belonged 
to him is still in the family. 

It was about this time that he bought the house 
No. 44 William Street in Dublin, which he occupied 



202 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

until he removed to Omagh. This house had 
belonged to Mr. Henry Alexander. 

The Rebellion of 1798 having widely spread, 
James Buchanan was introduced by Mr. Alexander 
to Mr. Hamilton, Under Secretary of State, who 
consulted him as to what should be done to 
coimteract the efforts of the disaffected in the 
County of Tyrone, and as a result he was vested 
with authority to take such steps as circumstances 
might call forth. He relates the part which he 
played in the Rebellion. 

"I proceeded," he says, *' on horseback to 

* Omagh (from Dublin), with my hair up under 
' my hat without powder, as croppies were the 

* most of the Rebels. On the day I left Dublin an 
' express had arrived of the defeat of the Rebels 
' at I forget the place. On arriving at Drogheda, 

* when I got to the Inn, before I had alighted 

* from my horse, numbers asked what was the 

* news as they saw I came from Dublin, which 
' I told with a degree of pleasure. After I had 
' put my horse in, a gentleman followed me, and 
' asked me when I intended to start. ' Then, sir, 

* if you are going to stay all night, you must come 

* to my house, for your life is not safe.' I then 

* told him I would order my horse to be made up 
' for the night, and if he would get me the pass- 

* word, as soon as the sentinels were placed I 

* would order my horse and proceed on all night, 
' for did I stay word would be passed and I would 

* be attacked on the way. This was approved, the 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 203 

password was obtained, and about ten o'clock 
I went to see my horse. I told the hostler to 
saddle and I mounted in the yard and rode off, 
none seeing me. I rode all night, and on coming 
to Castle Blaney, after feeding my horse which 
was tired, having rode about 40 Irish miles, I got 
off to walk up a long hill. I fell in with two 
girls. I asked them had I any friends. On this 
question being regarded as a Croppy Rebel from 
my hair being up under my hat, and I lied by 
telling them I had made my escape from the 
battle referred to. They at once urged me to 
come to their father's house, where I would be 
safe ; that Lord Blaney was friendly to the Rebels. 
They assured me there was not a house but 
had a pike. This information astonished me, 
and seeing men coming up I told the girls I was 
afraid of my life in being followed, and muclj 
to their surprise and astonishment I moimted 
quickly and darted off. If the men had come 
up and the girls knew them, my lie, always a bad 
refuge, would have led me into a serious difficulty. 
I had determined to sleep at Mrs. Maxwell's, 
nearly four miles from Monaghan, and while I 
was descending a hill I saw two men, each with 
a long pole for pike handles. With a foolish 
hardihood, I dashed at one of the men, seized 
the pike handle and galloped off. On reaching 
Mrs. Maxwell's I threw down the pike and told 
her my story in the presence of a number of 
persons. On coming from the stable she told 



204 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

*' me I must go away or my life would not be safe. 
" Having rode about 60 Irish miles and my fine 
*' horse tired I told her I would, but the people must 
** not know I am going away that night, though I 
*' anticipated to start in safety; so at a late hour 
^* my horse was got ready and I proceeded and 
*' reached Omagh the next morning in safety, and 
" made known the glad tidings referred to. Omagh 
** was the head-quarters of the Queen's Coimty 
** Militia, commanded by Lord Portarlington, who 
" had taken from the inhabitants all their arms 
"as if they were Rebels, while no community in 
*' the North was more truly loyal. I remonstrated 
*' on the consequences, and pressed His Lordship 
*' to restore the arms to me. At first he refused, 
" and stated he would withdraw his sentinels. 
*' Whereupon I stated I would furnish that night 
** 60 of the most devoted loyal men who would 
** moimt guard if he did so. Upon which he 
** desisted. The next day I sent for several in- 
'' fluential men and the Presbyterian clergy, and 
" held a meeting and prepared an address to the 
*' Lord Lieutenant. At this meeting I was enabled 
'' to state that forthwith in the district 5000 loyal 
*' men would be enrolled and place themselves 
** under the orders of officers appointed by His 
*' Majesty, and would serve for the preservation 
" of the County without pay, so that the regular 
" troops might be withdrawn. The next morning 
** I proceeded to Dublin with this address to the 
'* Lord Lieutenant, and it so happened that an 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 205 

*' express the same morning reached the Castle 
'' of the Rebellion in the North, and that Lord 
" O'Neill was killed and the whole North was in 
'' rebellion. Most opportune my address, coming 
* ' at the same hour. Placards were posted through 
" the city of my arrival with the address referred 
** to, and it was deemed of great importance, and 
*' my reception was gratifying. Bringing up this 
*' address opened to me the doors of the Castle, and 
'' I was frequently informed of matters to see if I 
" could be of any service. Mr. Pelham, afterwards 
** Duke of Newcastle, having succeeded Lord 
" Castlereagh, was very communicative to me, 
" and preferred referring to me than to the usual 
'' channels of information." 

Having thus obtained a certain amount of 
influence with the Government, he secured for his 
brother, George Buchanan, the appointment of 
Hearth and Window Collector of Belfast, and got 
a distant relation appointed to the Customs. 

He thus refers to his connection with the Regium 
Donum: "About this time (1798) orders had 
" come to ascertain the effect of extending the 
" Regium Donum to the Presbyterian Clergy, to 
" insure their adhesion to the Crown. The North 
" of Ireland being the chief place where Pres- 
" byterians have influence, Mr. Alexander was 
** enquired of to point out some Presbyterians to 
" whom the Lord Lieutenant could refer the sub- 
*' ject, and quite unexpected I was named, though 
' * a young man , yet would be able to give a fair view 



206 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

' of the case. The day was appointed for me to 
' attend the Lord Lieutenant; only Mr. Secretary 

* Pelham was present. I had no specific informa- 
' tion of the object (of the meeting), and upon His 

* Excellency putting the question to me, what 

* would be the effect of the proposed increase of 

* the measure, I stated that I was not aware 
' fully of the subject, but viewing the proposition 

* as a prudent measure no doubt could arise but 

* such would ensure the attachment of the Clergy 
' to the Crown. ' But your Excellency must 

* pardon me viewing the measure as one of policy. 
' Why not extend it to the Roman Clergy?' 
' His Lordship asked me what were their number. 
' This I could not answer. He asked me what 

* I would propose. I answered, £ioo yearly to 

* each. From their great number he would not 
' recommend such an expense. My answer was, 

* * Not the expense of a regiment of horse, my 
' Lord.' At that time the priests would have 

* accepted it and thereby placed themselves on 
' the same footing as other dissenters. Some 
' years afterwards I met Mr. Pelham, then, I 

* believe, Duke of Newcastle ; he crossed to meet 

* me, and after a few observations he stated, ^ I 

* shall never forget your Regiment of Horse.' " 

He now married, and has left an account of the 
way he met his wife. '' A relative of mine, Bever 
** Buchanan, a young apothecary, having studied 
** in Dublin, determined to set up business. A 
** friend of mine advised him to select the city 




ELIZABETH BU( HAXAN. 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 20/ 

** quay, which he did. Mr. Clarke, my wife's 
*' father, had an establishment there for the accom- 
" modation of vessels, and his son John, who had 
'' regularly worked in the forges for five years, 
'' chiefly attended at that shop, which being next 
" to Buchanan's shop, he frequently went in 
** there to rest. There I became acquainted with 
'' him and then with the family, and from thence 
*' my marriage with my dear old wife. From 
'' my intimacy with the Bradys, I introduced 
*' Bever Buchanan there; the result was he married 
" the sister of Mrs. Brady. The son of Mr. Brady 
" having married the daughter of Bever Buchanan, 
*' the apothecary, who was his cousin, the same 
*' Maziere Brady is now Lord Chancellor of Ireland, 
*' and Bever Buchanan's daughter is the wife of 
'* the Lord Chancellor." 

All these events, as well as the marriage of 
James Robinson to his sister Jane, he attributed 
to a Sunday expedition to Kingston in the year 
1 79 1, on which occasion he rowed Mr. and Mrs. 
Brady and Richard Robinson across the Bay. 

His marriage with Elizabeth Clarke took 
place at the house of her father, Mr. James Clarke, 
Aston Quay, Dublin, on the 28th of December, 
1798; the Reverend Mr. Horner officiated, and Mr.. 
Cheyne Brady, brother of Mr. Brady, was the 
groomsman. His wife, Elizabeth Clarke, was bom 
at Dublin on the 13th November, 1779. Her 
father, James Clarke, died at Ringsend, near 
Dublin, on the 14th March, 1823, in his 86th year. 



208 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

He was married three times. His first wife, mother 
of all his children, was Elizabeth Stockdale; his 
second, Mary Mack; and his third, who survived 
him, Elizabeth Courtney. 

In 1799, a proposition having been made in 
Parliament to supply Dublin with coals, James 
Buchanan was appointed to examine and report 
on coal mines in England, and in pursuance of this 
he visited several of them. Having approved 
of the scheme, he was authorized to prepare 
a dock near the city for that purpose, but the 
Union having taken place the measure was never 
realized. 

In the year 1800 he gave up his profession, and 
on the 12 th of November of that year bought 
the estate of '* Lisanelly," near Omagh, from Sir 
John Stewart, Bart., for £4$^^^ ^^^ caused the 
old house to be fitted up and offices built, and in 
the spring of 1801 caused extensive plantations to 
be made, so that, he says, '* the place which I 
** called Farm Hill became truly attractive, and 
** so important did Sir John Stewart deem having 
" a residence at Omagh, that taking into considera- 
*' tion my improvements he purchased back the 
" property from me in the year 1802 for ;£8,ooo." 

He was appointed a Magistrate for the 
County of Tyrone, previous to his removal to 
" Woodbrook," near Baron's Court, the Marquis 
of Abercom's demesne, two miles from Newton 
Stewart. He says: ** From having nothing to do 
** at Woodbrook, I felt time very heavy, and ad- 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 209 

" joining my house was a linen Black Green, oc- 
*' cupied by a Mr. Lane. In the North of Ireland 
" the linen merchants were and are still the most 
** respectable class, arising from the nature of the 
" trade, all purchased with cash and sold for cash. 
** Mr. Lane virged me to take up that business, and 
" finding that a situation for Black Mills, etc., 
" had been partly erected at a place called Cam- 
" owen about 3 miles from Omagh, without special 
" prayer to God for guidance, or even consulting 
'* with prudent men, I went to Duncannon and 
" purchased the farm, including what preparation 
" had been made by Mr. Wilcox, for 700 pounds, 
'* and thus became linen merchant. On purchasing 
** the grounds I named them Common Green, and 
*' then I expended above ;;£2,ooo on completing 
** the work begim, and the Black yard was fully 
** occupied by others as well as myself , and cer- 
" tainly afforded me full and interesting employ- 
" ment." 

From 1804 to 18 15 he lived at Common Green, 
and having sunk about £3000 in these mills, and 
finding himself unequal to the management, he 
determined to seek an office under Government. 
On the 3rd of January, 18 15, he let his Green and 
house, and on the 8th of April auctioned his stock 
and crop at Common Green. 

He was confident that his application for 
employment would be successful, as he says: 
" Having rendered service to the present Marquis 
'* of Londonderry, who as the Honorable Mr. 



210 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

" Stewart succeeded in his election for the County 
** Derry; with the friendship of Sir John Stewart 
** and the Duke of Newcastle, I was led to think I 
** stood a good chance." 

On the I St of May he sailed with his family 
from Dublin to Liverpool. He first took lodgings 
for his family at Chester and later removed to 
London, where, he says, ** I met a gentleman who 
" had resided for some time at Baltimore, and 
" informed of the Consulate being vacant he 
" spoke so highly of it as far preferable to New 
** York, that procuring all my documents and 
** letters as to my service during the Rebellion in 
" Ireland, and supporting the Abercom interest iti 
*' Tyrone and Lord Castlereagh's brother in the 
" County Derry; I was also favoured with a letter 
" from Sir George Hill, the member for the City 
** of Derry, and thus armed I proceeded to Paris, 

** as His Lordship was then at Paris. Mr. 

** was Private Secretary, who kindly took posses- 
" sion of the documents and applied for the Con- 
' * sulate of Baltimore. The next day I was honoured 
** with a letter to the Acting Secretary in London, 
** that His Lordship had granted my request. 
" On arrival in London I proceeded to the Foreign 
"' Office and was kindly received, when the gentle- 
** man asked me why I had not appHed for New 
** York, upon which I entreated his pardon in 
" asking him if he had any particular friend for 
*' whom he was interested, and that if he had not 
'* I would return direct to Paris. He said he had 



JAICIES BUCHANAN^ H.B.M. CONSUL 



211 



not, but as Lord Castlereagh was returning then, I 
would not be likely to reach Paris before he left 
it. But I proceeded that night, and never 
slept until I reached Paris and waited on Mr. 

. I stated my anxiety as to New York 

which my connections with the County Deny ren- 
dered more desirable, for at the time I was not 
aware of the superiority of New York. In 
two days I was honoured with a letter to the 
Secretary in London, approving of the transfer, 
and away I went to London. This was early 
in September, 1815." 
He was granted permission to delay his de- 
parture until the spring, and in order that his 
children might obtain some idea of the French 
language he removed with his family to Boulogne, 
where he took a house and remained until the 9th 
of February, 18 16. 

In the London Gazette of the loth February, 
18 16, his appointment is there gazetted: — 

** Foreign Office, Feb. 10. 

" His Royal Highness the Prince Regent has 
been pleased, in the name and on the behalf of 
His Majesty, to appoint James Buchanan, Esq., to 
be His Majesty's Consul at New York.** 

On the 3rd of April, 1816, he says; " At ten 
" o'clock in the forenoon I embarked with my 
** family, all but John Stewart, whom we left at 
*\Omagh with my father and mother, as also 



212 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

" having George Buchanan, son of my uncle, 
" Patrick Buchanan, Charles Caldwell, 2 servant 
'* maids, Peggy Forbes, Mary Devlin and Margaret 
*' Hamilton, in the ship 'Alexander Buchanan,' 
"221 tons registered, when after a stormy passage 
*' it pleased Ck)d to land us safe after a passage 
"of 46 days at New York," where he landed on 
the 2 1 St of May and established himself at Bloom- 
ingdale. 

James Buchanan has left the following account 
of his family, written on the ist October, 1834, 
in his sixty-third year: — 

" Having removed from Ireland to America, 
" which is likely to become the country of my 
" posterity, the following facts may, at some 
" remote period, prove interesting to some of them. 

" My father's name was John Buchanan. He 
** was the eldest son of John Buchanan, of Dona- 
" ghanie, near Omagh, in the County of Tyrone. 
" His mother, who was named Nixon, died in 1736, 
" while he was young, leaving him her only issue. 
" My grandfather married again Elizabeth Orr, 
" by whom he had Patrick, William and Andrew 
** Buchanan, and Elizabeth, who intermarried with 
" John Morris. My father married, first, Jane Long, 
" only daughter of a very respectable inhabitant 
** of Omagh, who died without issue; secondly, 
" my mother, Sarah Sproule, daughter of James 
" Sproule, of Granan, near Dromore, in the County 
** of Tyrone. All these parties named were gentle- 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 



213 



► 



men farmers living on their own lands and pos- 
sessing abundance of the good things of this life. 
My father occupied a farm called ' Strathroy/ 
now forming part of the Earl of Blessington's 
demesne, near Cappagh Church, where I was bom 
on the ist day of February, 1772. He afterwards 
removed to Omagh, where he purchased a piece 
of ground and built a tenement in which he lived 
many years, and which now belongs to my 
brother John. My father wished to make me 
an architect, but my mother wished to give me 
a good education, intending me for the law. 
She failed in the former but succeeded in the 
latter. A Mr. Alexander Carlisle, a very eminent 
solicitor residing in Omagh, became a resident 
in my father's family, and being much afflicted 
with gout he could not attend Term in Dublin, 
and had a partner, a Mr. Henry Gower, to whom 
I was articled for five years. In the year 1788, 
by reason of Mr. Carlisle's bad state of health, 
I had to attend to the business, and as soon as I 
was out of my clerkship he relinquished it to me. 
I thus commenced early in full practice, resided 
in Dublin, purchased a house on William Street, 
and on the 24th day of December, 1798,1 married 
Elizabeth Clark, eldest daughter of James Clarke, 
of Aston Quay, iron founder. Mr. Clarke had 
two sons and two daughters. 

** (i) John, the eldest, married Maria Kenny of 
** Ballinrabe, in the County of Mayo. He died 



214 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

" some years ago, leaving his widow andanumer- 
" ous family in good circumstances. 

" (2) William, who married a Miss Manders, 
" and died, leaving two sons and two daughters. 

" (3) Elizabeth, my wife. 

** (4) Mary Ann, who married the late John 
** Ledbetter, of College Green, Dublin, who died, 
'* leaving two daughters. She married again the 
** Rev. Samuel Simpson, Presbyterian Clergyman, 
" and both resided in Dublin, having children. 

'* At the time of my father's and mother's 
** death, who both died full of years, leaving all 
" their children in the enjoyment of abundance, 
'* to wit.— 

" (i) Myself, their eldest. 

** (2) My brother John, who married Mary 
" Jane, daughter of James Blacker, a Sheriff's 
** Peer and Police Magistrate of Dublin. 

" (3) George, unmarried. He and John both 
" residing at Omagh. 

'* (4) William, married a daughter of the late 
" George Haslet of Londonderry, who died several 
'* years ago in Ireland, leaving only one daughter, 
'* named Ann, who, in 1834, intermarried with 
** Henry McFarlane, of London. My late brother 
" William died at Montreal of the cholera in 1834. 

" (5) Alexander Carlisle, unmarried, HisMajes- 
** ty's Agent for Emigrants, residing at Quebec. 

** (6) Jane, who intermarried with James 
'* Robinson, now residing at the City of the Falls, 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 21$ 

having a numerous family, two of her daughters 
having married ; one, Sarah Jane, to a Mr. Jay 
of Hereford, in England, an eminent solicitor; 
the other, Helena, married Surgeon Waters, 
residing at Birr, Ireland. 

** (7) Sarah, who had intermarried with Joseph 
Orr, who died, leaving her a widow, when in 
1829, she again married Mr. Marks, of New 
Road, Fitzroy Square, where she now resides. 

" In the year 1799 I purchased Lisanelly, near 
Omagh, from Sir John Stewart, for which I paid 
4400 pounds, and I built a house there and called 
it * Farm Hill,' where my daughter, Mary Ann, 
was born in the year 1802. Three years after I 
sold it (with improvements and other lands I 
had purchased) back to Sir John Stewart at 
4000 poimds profit. I then removed to * Wood- 
brook,* near Baron's Court, the seat of the 
Marquis of Abercom, and under the late Marquis 
raised and commanded the Baron's Court Corps 
of Yeomanry. During the previous year I 
was appointed a Magistrate of the County of 
Tyrone. In 1803 I purchased * Common Green ' 
from Mr. Wilcox, for which I paid 900 pounds, 
and erected black yard and buildings with other 
improvements on which I expended about 3000 
pounds. In order to aid my brother-in-law, 
James Robinson, I became a sharer in a brewery 
at Londonderry, in which I sunk about 2500 
pounds. My removal to Common and my 
residence there is adverted to in my narrative 



2l6 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

of my ' Religious Views.' The influence I pos- 
sessed in Tyrone with the weight of my family 
connections , as also in Londonderry, enabled me 
to promote the interest of the late Sir John 
Stewart in Tyrone, and the present Marquis of 
Londonderry in the County of Londonderry, 
in their respective elections, by reason whereof, 
and from my services as a Magistrate and 
Yeomanry Officer in Tyrone, the late Marquis of 
Londonderry recommended me to His Majesty as 
Consul for New York, where I arrived in the 
month of May, 1816. From the personal in- 
fluence I had with the Marquis, then Lord Castle- 
reagh, and from my representations of the 
policy of drawing the stream of emigration 
from the United States to Canada, I obtained 
the privilege of forwarding to Canada and grant- 
ing land to such British subjects as were desirous 
of leaving the United States. The first body of 
emigrants I forwarded were chiefly from Mona- 
ghan and Cavan, and through the influence of Dr. 
Baldwin of York, Upper Canada (now the city 
of Toronto), two townships were laid out by the 
Lieutenant-Governor for those I should send, 
and were named Monaghan and Cavan. That 
circumstance first led me to look to Canada. 
From not having made any charge for my services 
in forwarding emigrants I was enabled, through 
the late Sir Francis Burton, brother of the late 
Marquis Conyngham, who was administering the 
Government in Lower Canada, to obtain for 
[my sons the grant of the lands in Gore of Locha- 



> 



JAMES BUCHANAN H.B.M. CONSUL 217 

ber on the Ottawa, and from the same claims 
the grant of 1200 acres free of fees in Adelaide, 
in the London District, which I named Strathroy, 
where my son, John Stewart, resides. My success 
in life rose chiefly from lands, I therefore prefer 
it to all other speculations. I have acted* im- 
wisely in many instances by entering into 
businesses which I did not understand, and by 
erecting buildings before my profit arose; to 
all such forth, I therefore warn my children 
against building until the money so expended is 
in no way essential to their support or comfort. 
" I need not inform you who are now grown, 
that my daughter Mary Ann married Alexander 
Buchanan, Q.C., whose father w^as Physician to 
the Forces at Quebec, whose grandfather and 
my father were cousins by the mother's side, 
his father named John, the grandfather Alexan- 
der, and resided at Fintona. My daughter 
Sarah married Robert Blackwell of Holywood, 
son of a very old acquaintance of mine of Belfast, 
arising out of our religious opinions. My daugh- 
ter Elizabeth married William, only surviving 
child of the late George Whitla, of Lisbum, 
Coimty of Down, Ireland; and Isabella married 
William Augustus Baldwin, son of Dr. Baldwin 
of Spadina, near the City of Toronto, Upper 
Canada. 

" Thus have I brought down the events which 
bear on my life to the present time, ist of Octo- 
ber, 1834, leaving it with my beloved children 
to register the events and changes to which they 



21-8 - JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

may be subject; and on principle I enjoin upon 
all my posterity, that let the offence or cause be 
what it may, never shut your hand, your door 
or your heart against any of the posterity of 
your common parent. Regard this as the dying 
injimction of your father and dread to disobey 
it. My great desire is that my children may be 
known as a family fearing the Lord, united, and 
being beloved of one another for their father's 
sake. If a member of our body becomes dis- 
eased, nay corrupt, we do not cut it off ; on the 
contrary, we use all means practicable to restore 
it to health. Such then, my beloved children, is 
the course I enjoin you to pursue. No treatment 
so likely to reform as that which is mild, gentle 
and affectionate. Relatives, from pride, are too 
ready to cast off their poor members ; be it your 

* glory, my children, to act otherwise, keeping 

* mainly in view their eternal interest as ministering 

* to. the soul should be the most powerful motive to 
' endeavour to reclaim and lead from sinful pur- 

* suits, so let it ever have your place among you. 

* I will add, and your deservedly reverenced mother 

* will join me in the testimony, that to the good 
' and gracious Providence of God we are beholden 

* for all our blessings and mercies. Never under- 
' take any matter without you find you can ask 

* the Almighty to bless you in the pursuit of it ; 

* this will guard you against all improper actions, 
' and do not, I pray you, my children, ever be 
' ashamed to admit your accountability to and 

* dependence upon God for time and eternity." 

On the 1 2th of June, 1837, with his wife and 
his daughter Amelia, he sailed for England in the 
packet ship Quebec, and landed at Portsmouth on 
the 14th of July. He mentions as having seen at 
Fintona ** Mrs. Buchanan, the widow of Dr. 
Buchanan." 



JAMES BUCHANAN^ H.B.M. CONSUL 219 

They sailed on their return by the ** West- 
minster " packet ship on the nth of October, 
1837, for New York, where they arrived the 7 th 
of November. 

On the 14th of December, 1837, he records the 
marriage of his son, Robert Stewart Buchanan, 
to EHzabeth Curzon, daughter of WilHam Jephson, 
who had married a daughter of Mr. Farquhar, '* a 
" truly respectable inhabitant of New York. Mr. 
" Jephson is from Mallow, and of the family of 
** that name there who represent that town in 
" Parliament." 

In September of the following year (1838) he 
mentions having visited the Honorable James 
Buchanan,^ Senator of Pennsylvania, near Lan- 

I James Buchanan (i 791-1868), President of the United 
States from 1857 to 1861. The following letter, which was kindly 
communicated by Mr. Chauncey K. Buchanan, of Tarrvtown, N.Y., 
was written by Mr. James Buchanan to Charles F. Rockwell, and 
gives his own account of his origin : — 

Wheatland, near Lancaster, 1 
lath April, 1868. j 

My Dear Sir: 

I regret that I cannot give a satisfactory answer to your enqui- 
ries. My father, James Buchanan, came to this country in the year 
1783. He was born in the County Donegal, was brought up by 
his grandmother Russel at a place called Ramelton or Rachmelton. 
I am quite confident that none of his family except himself emi- 
grated to the United States. I have known & esteemed many 
Buchanans, and have counted kindred with them but without 
satisfactor)^ results. My father had a brother called John of whom 
he spoke with much affection; but he died in Ireland. 

Yours very respectfully, 

James Buchanaj^. 

'* My father, James Buchanan, was a native of the County of 

Donegal, in the kmgdom of Ireland. The family was respectable, 

but their pecuniary circumstances were limited. He emigrated 

to the United States before the date of the definite Treaty of 

Peace with Great Britain j having sailed from in the brig 

Providence, bound for Philadelphia, in 178^. He was then in his 
twenty-second year." — Life of James Buchanan, by George T. 
Curtis (1883). 



220 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

caster, accompanied by his wife, his daughter 
Amelia and his son Carlisle. " His family, or 
' rather his father's (family), as he is unmar- 
' ried, consists of the Rev. Edward Buchanan, 
* residing at Beckworth, eighteen miles from 
' Lancaster; Jane, married to T. Elliott, of Morris- 
' burg, Franklin County; Harriet, married to the 
' Revd. Robert Huy, Greensburg, Westmoreland; 
' and Maria, married to Dr. Yates, Meadville, 
' Crawford County. The family springs from the 
' same ancestor as my family, their progenitor 
' having settled at Rathinattor, County Donegal, 
' my family near Omagh." 

James Buchanan speaks of the following as 
having shown kindness to his daughter Jane dur- 
ing her last illness, her death taking place on the 
22nd of September, 1826, in the house of his 
son-in-law, Alexander Buchanan, in Montreal, in 
her twenty -third year: the Hon. Michael Henry 
Percival, Lieut. Col. Jones, Henry Black and Mr. 
Stacey, Attorney General and Mrs. James Stuart, 
and Mrs. Fisher at Quebec; Major Goff and 
Adjutant Routh of the 76th Regt. ; Mrs. Grant, 
wife of Baron Grant; Mrs. Parker, wife of Capt. 
Parker; Mrs. Ogden, wife of Solicitor General 
Ogden; Mrs. Griffin, wife of Frederick Griffin; Mrs. 
Porteous, wife of John Porteous, and Miss Amoldi, 
of Montreal. 

He says that ** On the 2nd of April, 1829, I 
** proceeded to Baltimore, where I had the honour 



221 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

" of being introduced to Mr. Carroll; from thence 
" I went to Washington, where I was introduced 
** to General Jackson." On April 24th, 1829, he 
sailed from New York, on the Sylvanus Jenkins, 
Capt. Allen, for Liverpool, with his daughters, 
Sarah and Elizabeth, Mr. and Mrs. Clarke, Mrs. 
Parker, and John Gait, the novelist. 

In March, 1843, ^^ retired on a pension, and on 
the 3rd of May of that year he moved from New 
York to Niagara Falls. On the 24th of August he 
took possession of his own house there. In this 
connection he enumerates his different residences. 
My first house was No. 44 William Street, Dub- 
lin, which I purchased from Mr. Henry Alexan- 
der, Member for the City of Derry, cousin to 
the first Earl of Caledon. My next residence 
was ' Farm Hill ' (Lisanelly), near Omagh, having 
purchased * Lisanelly * from the late Sir John 
Stewart, for which I paid him 4500 pounds. My 
next residence was * Woodbrook,' near Lord 
Abercorn's demesne, having sold back to Sir 
John Stewart ' Lisanelly ' for 8000 pounds, in- 
cluding my improvements. My next residence 
was ' Common Green,' which I purchased from 
Mr. Wilcox of Dungannon for 700 pounds, and 
foolishly expended nearly 3000 pounds. I there 
resided from 1804 to 18 15, when I went to 
England with all my family ; stopped in Chester ; 
went to London, thence to Boulogne-sur-Mer in 
France, thence to Bristol, and from thence, on the 
22nd May, 18 16, to New York, at which place 



h 



222 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

" I resided at, ist, Bloomingdale ; 2nd, Rich- 

" mond Hill; 3rd, Manhattan Bank House; 4th, 

*' St. John's Park; 5th, Washington Square; 6th, 

" Broadway; 7th, Beach Street; 8th, Barrow Street, 

" and from thence to Canada, as is mentioned; in 

** all eight residences with my family and servants 

** in Europe and eight in the City of New York — 

" thus in all seventeen places of residence." 

On the 17th of June, 1844, he left Halifax for 

Liverpool, reaching there on the 28th of July. He 

was at Omagh in August, when he attended the 

funeral of his uncle Patrick's widow,who died in her 

92nd year, and visited his uncle William's widow, 

then 82 years old. He arrived home on the 3rd 

of December. He caused to be placed in Dona- 

ghanie Churchyard a tablet bearing the following 

inscription : — 

** This stone was placed here in memory of 
** John Buchanan, of Omagh, who died in October, 
** 1820, aged 84 years. Also to record the burials 
** here of two children of his eldest son James, 
" viz., Sarah, aged nine years and six months, in 
*' March, and John Stewart, aged 4 years and 7 
*' months, in July, 1809. The said James came to 
*' reside at Camowen in the year 1804, removed 
** to England in 18 15, and from thence to New 
" York in 1816." 

For his services in causing the remains of the 

unfortunate Major Andrd to be exhumed and 

conveyed to England he was, by order of the Duke 

of York, honored by the placing under the tablet 

to Andr6 in Westminster Abbey of an inscription 

to that effect. 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL ^2^ 

In the South Aisle of the Nave of Westminster 
Abbey is the monument of Major John Andr^ by- 
Van Gelder. The monument represents Washing- 
ton " receiving the petition, in which Andre 
vainly implores for a soldier's death, and Andr6 
is seen on the way to execution." The monument 
bears the following inscription : — 

Sacred to the Memory 

OP 

MAJOR JOHN ANDR6, 
who raised by his Merit at an early period of Life to the 
rank of Adjutant General 

OP 

The British Forces in America, and employed in an im- 
portant and hazardous enterprise, fell a sacrifice 
to his Zeal for his King and Country 

On the 2nd of October, A. D. 1780, 

Aged 29, 

universally beloved and esteemed by the Army in which 
he served, and lamented even by his 

FOES 

His Gracious Sovereign, KING GEORGE THIRD, has 
caused this Monument to be erected 

Under this inscription is the following: — 

The Remains op Major JOHN ANDR6 
were, on the loth of August, 1821, removed from Tappan by 

JAMES BUCHANAN, ESQR. 

His Majesty's Consul at New York, 

Under Instructions from His R. Highness 

THE DUKE OF YORK, 

And with the permission of the Dean and Chapter 

Finally deposited in a Grave 

contiguous to this Monument, 

On the 28th of November, 1821. 



024 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

The New York Tribune of Thursday, Novem- 
ber 5th, 1885, giving an account of the attempted 
destruction by dynamite of the Andr6 monument 
at Tappan, on Tuesday, the 3rd November, 1885, 
contains the following: — 

** Forty years have passed and the bones of Andr6 
remained beneath the spot where he so bravely met his 
death, but his memory was kept green in the hearts of his 
sisters and loving friends, who believed that sufficient 
time would elapse to cause the national wounds to heal 
and national prejudice to cease, applied to the American 
Government through the representative for permission to 
remove the remains of Andr6 to the Mausoleum already 
prepared in his native clime. This was freely granted, 
and on the 15th August, 182 1, a British Man of War, hav- 
ing on board His Royal Highness the Duke of York,^ 
entered the Hudson River, and being joined by Mr. Buch- 
anan, the British Consul at New York, and Mr. Moore, 
His Majesty's Agent for Packets, proceeded up the river 
and anchored off Sweden's Landing, directly opposite 
Dobb's Ferry. Accompanied by Captain Paul, the party 
landed and took a carriage to Tappan, some two miles 
distant. They proceeded first to the old Mabie Tavern, 
the former place of Andre's confinement, which was kept at 
that time by a man named Dupuy ; from there they went 
to the house of the Rev. Mr. Demarest, the owner of the 
property where lay buried the remains of Andr^. They 
were received with generous hospitality and afforded every 
facility for the prosecution of their sacred mission. There 
was no difficulty in finding the place. The two cedars 
which had been planted at the foot of the grave forty 
years previous had grown up to a height of ten feet. These, 
together with a pile of stones, marked the foot of the grave, 
while a peach tree (planted by the loving hand of an im- 
known woman), then in full blossom, marked the head of 
the grave. On removing the earth it was found that 
the roots of the peach tree had worked their way through 
the decayed coffin, and completely surrounded the skull 
of Andr6 like a net work. The bones were carefully re- 
moved ; nothing of a metallic substance was found to show 



I This is not correct. The Duke of York was not present, but 
was represanted by Mr. Buchanan. 



I 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 22$ 

that he was buried in his regimentals, but the leathern 
string that bound his cue was found in a perfect state of 
preservation. The sarcophagus containing the remains 
was taken to the house of Mr. Demarest, where it remained 
for two or three days, when it was removed to His Majesty's 
Packet. The remains were then conveyed to London, 
where they were interred in Westminster Abbey on the 
28th of November following. 

" The two cedars were taken up and carried to England, 
where they were made into snuff-boxes and other devices. 
The Duke of York desiring to show his appreciation of the 
generous conduct of Rev. Mr. Demarest, ordered a snuff 
box to be made from one of these cedars and presented to 
him." 

John H. Griffith, David D. Brewer, John H. 
Outwater and Col. James C. Hading were also 
present. 

The following is an extract from the account 
given by him of the disinterment of Andre's 
remains. Mr. Buchanan represented the Duke of 
York in the matter, and it took place Aug. lo, 
1821:— 

. . . " My next step was to proceed to Tappan, 
distant from this city (New York) twenty-four miles. 
Thither I went, accompanied by Mr. Moore, His Majesty's 
Agent for Packets. Upon reaching the village, which does 
not contain above fifty or sixty houses, the first we en- 
quired at proved to be the very house in which the Major 
had been confined while a prisoner there, by one Dupuy, 
who was also Postmaster, who took us to view the room 
which had been used as a prison. Excited as we were, it 
would be difficult to describe our feelings on entering this 
little chamber; it was then used as a milk and store-room 
— otherwise unaltered from the period of his confinement 
— about twelve feet by eight, with one window looking 
into the garden, the view extending to the hill, and directly 
to the spot on which he suffered — as the landlord pointed 
out from the window while in the room, the trees growing 
at the place where he was buried. 



226 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

" Having enquired for the owner of the field. I waited 
on the Revr Mr. Demarest, a minister residing in Tappan, 
to whom I explained the object of my visit, and who 
generously expressed his satisfaction at the honour * which 
at length,* to use his words, ' was intended the memory of 
Major Andr6,' and assured me that every facility should be 
afforded by him. Whereupon we all proceeded to examine 
the grave, attended by many of the inhabitants, who by 
this time had become acquainted with the cause of our 
visit; and it was truly gratifying to us, as it was honour- 
able to them, that all were loud in the expressions of their 
gratification on this occasion. 

" We proceeded up a narrow lane, or broken road, with 
trees on 'each side which obscured the place where he 
suffered, until we came to the opening into the field which 
at once led to an elevated spot on the hill. On reaching 
the mount, we found it commanded a view of the sur- 
rounding country for miles. General Washington's head- 
quarters and the house in which he resided was distant 
about a mile and a half or two miles, but fully in view. 
The army lay encamped chiefly in view of the place, and 
must necessarily have witnessed the catastrophe. 

" The field, as well as I could judge, contained from 
eight to ten acres, and was cultivated ; but around the 
grave the plough had not approached nearer than three 
or four yards, that space being covered with loose stone 
thrown upon and around the grave, which was only in- 
dicated by two cedar trees about ten feet high. A small 
peach tree had also been planted at the head of the grave, 
by the kindly feeling of a lady in the neighbourhood. 

" Many expressed the belief that the body had been 
secretly carried to England, but these surmises were set 
aside by the more general testimony of the community. 
. . . . Arriving at Tappan by ten o'clock a. m., 
though I was not expected until the following Tuesday, 
as I had fixed, yet a number of persons soon assembled, 
some of whom betrayed symptoms of displeasure at the 
proceeding, arising from the observations of some of the 
pubUc journals, which asserted ' That any honour paid 
Major Andr^ was casting imputation on General Wash- 
ington, and the officers who tried Andr6.' 

'*As these characters were of the lowest caste, and their 
observations were condemned by every respectable person 
in the village, I yet deemed it prudent, while the worthy 
pastor was preparing his men to open the grave, to resort 
to a mode of argument, the only one I had time or inclina- 



JAMES BUCHANAN H.B.M. CONSUL 22/ 

tion to bestow upon them, in which I was sure to find the 
landlord a powerful auxiliary. I therefore stated to these 
noisy patriots that I wished to follow a custom not tmfre- 
quent in Ireland, from whence I came, namely, of taking 
some spirits before proceeding to a grave. The landlord 
approved the Irish practice, and accordingly supplied 
abundance of liquor, so that in a short time General 
Washington, Major Andr^ and the object of my visit 
there were forgotten by them, and I was left at perfect 
liberty with the respectable inhabitants of the place to 
proceed to the exhumation, leaving the landlord to sup- 
ply the guests, a duty which he faithfully performed to 
my entire satisfaction. 

" At twelve o'clock, quite an unexpected crowd assem- 
bled at the grave, as our proceeding up the hill was seen 
by the inhabitants all around. 

" The day was unusually fine; a number of ladies, and 
many aged matrons who witnessed his fall — who had seen 
his person — who had mingled tears with his sufferings — 
attended, and were loud in their praises of the Prince, for 
thus at length honouring one who still lived in their recol- 
lection with unsubdued sympathy. The labours proceeded 
with diUgence, yet caution; surmises about the body hav- 
ing been removed were revived, and it would be difficult 
to imagine any event which could convey a degree of more 
intense excitement. 

" As soon as the stones were cleared away, and the 
grave was found, not a tongue moved amongst the multi- 
tude, — breathless anxiety was depicted in every coun- 
tenance. 

" When at length, one of the men cried out he had 
touched the coffin, so great was the enthusiasm at this 
moment that I found it necessary to call the aid of several 
of the ladies to form an enlarged circle, so that all could see 
the operation; which being effected, the men proceeded 
with the greatest caution, and the clay was removed with 
the hands, as we soon discovered the lid of the coffin was 
broken in the centre. 

" With great care the broken lid was removed, and 
there to our view lay the bones of the brave Andr^, in 
perfect order. I among others, for the first time, dis- 
covered that he had been a small man. 

" This observation I made from the skeleton, which 
was confirmed by some then present. The roots of the 
small peach tree had completely surrounded the skull like 
a net. 



228 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

" After allowing all the people to pass around in regular 
order and view the remains as they lay, which very many 
did with unfeigned tears and lamentations, the bones 
were carefully removed and placed in the sarcophagus 
(the circle having been again formed); after which I de- 
scended into the coffin, which was not more than three 
feet below the surface, and with my own hands raked the 
dust together, to ascertain whether he had been buried 
in his regimentals or not, as it was rumoured among the 
assemblage that he was stripped; for, if buried in his regi- 
mentals, I expected to find the buttons of his clothes 
which would have disproved the rumour. (' It has since 
been ascertained, from an American officer present at the 
burial, that the regimentals of Major Andr6 were given 
to his servants, after the execution. This statement has 
satisfied Mr. Buchanan, and will account for the absence 
of any vestiges in his tomb.') But I did not find a single 
button, nor any article save a string of leather which had 
tied his hair at the time. This string I forwarded to his 
sisters in England. I examined the dust of the coffin so 
minutely (as the quantity would not fill a quart) that no 
mistake could have arisen in the examination. Let no 
unworthy motive be attributed to me for recording this 
fact, I state it as one which I was anxious to ascertain for 
the reason given. Having placed the remains in the 
sarcophagus, it was borne amidst the silent and unbought 
regret of the numerous assemblage, and deposited in the 
worthy pastor's house, with the intention of removing it to 
His Majesty's Packet, in New York City, on the Tuesday 
following. As soon as the removal of the sarcophagus to 
the Packet was known in this city, it was not only honour- 
able to the feelings of the citizens, but cheering to my mind, 
depressed as it had been, to find the sentiment which 
prevailed. 

" Ladies sent me flowers; others, various emblematic 
devices, garlands, etc., to decorate the remains of the 
* lamented and beloved Andr^.' A beautiful and orna- 
mented myrtle among those sent, I forwarded with the 
sarcophagus to Halifax, where Lieut. General Sir James 
Kempt, Governor of Nova Scotia, caused every proper mark 
of respect to be paid to the remains. From thence they 
reached London, and were deposited near the monument 
which had been erected to his memory in Westminster 
Abbey, and a marble slab placed at the foot of the monu- 
ment on which is set forth their removal by the order of 
His Royal Highness, the Duke of York. (On the monu- 
ment is also recorded the services of Consul Buchanan.) 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 229 

" Having represented to His Royal Highness the gen- 
erous conduct of the Rev. Mr. Demarest, I recommended 
that His Royal Highness should convey to him a snuff- 
box made from out of one of the trees which grew at the 
grave, which I sent home. But my suggestion was far 
outdone by the princely munificence of His Royal High- 
ness, who ordered a box to be made out of the tree, and 
lined with gold, with an inscription, ' From His Royal 
Highness the Duke of York, to the Rev. Mr. Demarest.' 

** Whilst speaking of this act of liberality, I was un- 
expectedly honoured with a silver inkstand with the fol- 
lowing inscription: ' The surviving sisters of Major Andr6, 
to James Buchanan, Esq., His Majesty's Consul at New 
York.' They also sent a silver cup, with a suitable in- 
scription, to Mr. Demarest. I need not add that I cherish 
this inkstand (which I am now using), and shall bequeath 
it to my children as a memorial which I prize with no 
ordinary feeling. 

*' I omitted to mention that I had the peach tree, which 
had been planted on the grave (the roots of which had 
surrounded the skull as set forth), taken up with great 
care, with as much of the clay as it was possible to pre- 
serve around the roots, and brought it to my garden in 
New York, where my daughters attended it with almost 
pious soHcitude, shading it during the heat of the day, 
watering it in the cool of the evening, in the hope of pre- 
serving it to send it to England. Had it reached his sisters, 
they would have, no doubt, regarded it as another Minerva; 
for though it did not spring out of, yet it was nourished 
by their beloved brother's head. 

" I have only to add, that, through the kind inter- 
ference of my brother Consul at Philadelphia, I obtained 
Major Andre's watch, which he had to part with when a 
prisoner during the early part of the war. This watch I 
sent to England lately ; so that I believe that every vestige 
connected with the subject of this narrative has been sent 
to the land of his birth, in the services of which his life 
was sacrificed." 

James Buchanan died at Elmwood, the resi- 
dence of his son-in-law, Hugh Taylor , advocate , 
near Montreal, on the loth October, 185 1, in his 
80th year, and was buried in the tomb which he 
had caused to be erected at Drummondville, near 



230 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

the Falls of Niagara. His wife died on the ist 
February, 1852, in her 73rd year, at the residence 
of her daughter, Mrs. Alexander Buchanan, No. 7 
Cornwall Terrace, St. Denis Street, Montreal. 

He had the honour in the course of his career 
of meeting many high personages, and in not a 
few cases the opportunity of becoming intimately 
acquainted with, among others, the following: 
Robert Stewart, Lord Castlereagh, the Irish Se- 
cretary in 1798, afterwards the Marquis of London- 
derry, bom in 1769, and died in 1822 ; Mr. Pelham, 
the Irish Secretary, afterwards Duke of Newcastle ; 
Sir John Stewart, K.C., and at one time Attorney 
General of Ireland, who died in 1825 ; Sir Matthew 
Wood, three times Lord Mayor of London; M. 
Asherby, Secretary of the Cis-Alpine Republic; 
Sir George Hill, Member for Londonderry, and 
Mr. Joseph Hardcastle, of Hatcham House, near 
London. 

On his retirement from the office of British 
Consul at New York he received the following 
letter from Ex-Chancellor James Kent, the distin- 
guished author of the Commentaries on American 
law: — 

** New York, March 31, 1843. 

My Dear Sir, — 

I signed, with great pleasure, an address to you en- 
grossed on parchment, and which was shown to me at 
the Custom House. But this is not enough for me, and I 
cannot deny myself the pleasure of writing a personal 
and private line to you, to assure you of my great respect 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 23I 

and esteem, and of my regret, that this city is soon to lose 
the pleasure and benefit of your society. 

Your conduct, while Consul in this city, has been so 
full of urbanity and kindness, so conciliatory to the interests 
and feeling of the two nations, and so distinguished for 
moderation, integrity, candor and Christian charity, zeal 
and benevolence, that my attachment and affections have 
been warmly excited in your favour. 

I hope the evening of your life may be serene and 
happy, and I shall always think of you with the tenderest 
regard. Mrs. Kent joins me in the sincerest respect and 
regard to Mrs. Buchanan, and in the strongest wishes for 
your welfare. 

Yours truly and affectionately, 

James Kent. 

James Buchanan, Esq." 



He was a warm advocate of Free Trade, and 
was in favour of opening the River St. Lawrence 
to all nations. His advocacy of measures of 
public interest was untiring, and in prosecuting 
it the press was freely used. His book, " Sketches 
of Indian Character," passed through two editions. 
The full title of the book was: — Sketches of the 
History, Manners and Customs of the North 
American Indians, by James Buchanan, Esqre., 
His Majesty's Consul for the State of New York. 
London, Printed by Black, Young & Young, Tavis- 
tock Street. MDCCCXXIV. London, Printed by 
W. Clowes, Northumberland Court. This book 
is dedicated to His Excellency Lieut. Gen. the 
Earl Dalhousie, G.C.B., and is dated at New York, 
May, I, 182 1. It was published at los. 6d. in 
boards. 



232 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

He published a plan for civilizing the Indians 
of this continent. Among his numerous writings 
were: — A Tract on the Preservation from Con- 
tamination of the Destitute Female Children in 
London ; A Letter to Sir Robert Peel, with a plan 
as to the destitute female children of London, 
Dublin and Edinburgh ; A Letter to Lord Stanley, 
with a plan for the removal of the pauper popula- 
tion of the County of Kent; A Report upon the 
Banking Institutions of the State of New York; 
A Tract on the Effects of State Prison Discipline 
in the States of New York and Connecticut. 
Moreover, he published, in 1836, a recommendation 
to Sir Francis Bond Head of a railroad from 
Hamilton to Michigan, pointing out how the funds 
for its construction might be raised. He was an 
advocate of the Federal Union of all the North 
American Provinces, and as early as 1841 he ad- 
dressed a letter to the Duke of WelHngton advocat- 
ing the free admission of grain from all countries 
that would receive British manufactures on the 
same terms. He was through life active and 
energetic in promoting worthy objects. It is 
said that Sir John Franklin named one of the 
rivers which he discovered after him. A similar 
compliment is also said to have been paid him by 
Captain Back. 

The following extracts are from newspapers 
in which reference was made to his death: — 

** Mr. Buchanan was an Irishman by birth, 
and was largely endowed with that warmth of 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 233 

heart for which his countrymen are noted all over 
the world; while he had much of the prudence 
foresight, perseverance and energy — the pervid- 
turn ingentum — of his Scottish ancestors. Few 
men had so extensive a circle of friends and ac- 
quaintances, by whom he was loved and respected, 
and to whom his death will be a source of regret, 
as the late British Consul in the great commercial 
emporium of North America.'* 

* ' His charitable gifts, hospitality, and general 
urbanity will live long in the memory of those who 
formed his acquaintance in this country (Canada) 
as well as in New York." 

He had issue: — 

I. Sarah, bom 25th September, 1799, at 
Omagh, and died 25th March, 1809, at Common 
Green, Omagh, Ireland. 

n. James Clark, bom 25th April, 1801, at 
Dublin ; named after his grandfather, James Clarke. 
He came to New York with his father, and is 
mentioned as having, on the 5th January, 1823, 
*' embarked on board His Majesty's sloop of war 
* Pheasant,' Captain Clavering, for England, 
and landed at Portsmouth on the 6th day of 
February." He was subsequently appointed 
British Consul at Santa Martha, South America, 
where he died immarried, on the loth December, 
1849. 

HI. Mary Ann, bom on nth June, 1802, at 
" Farm Hill," near Omagh. She was named 



234 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

after her aunt, Mary Ann Clarke, who was married 
first, to John Ledbetter, of College Green, Dublin, 
and 2ndly, to the Rev. Samuel Simpson, a Pres- 
byterian clergyman of Dublin. Mary Ann was 
married on 2nd March, 1824, to Alexander 
Buchanan, of Montreal, Advocate. She died at 
Saco, Maine, on 20th July, 1862, and was buried 
at Montreal, Canada. 

IV. Jane, bom on 30th October, 1803, at 
*' Woodbrook," near Baron's Court, Tyrone. She 
was named after her aunt, Jane Buchanan, who 
was married to James Robinson. She died im- 
married on 22nd September, 1826, at Montreal. 

V. John Stewart, bom ist January, 1805, 
at " Woodbrook," and died 14th July, i8og, at 
Common Green. 

VI. Robert Stewart, bom i6th June, 1806, 
at Common Green, and was named after Lord 
Castlereagh. He was married at New York, by 
the Rev. Mr. Hawke, on 14th December, 1837, 
to EHzabeth Curzon, daughter of William Henry 
Jephson and Maria Farquhar, and granddaughter 
of Colonel William Jephson, of Mallow Castle, Cork, 
Ireland. He died on i8th September, 1861, at 
New York, and was buried at St. Mark's Church. 
His widow survived him over thirty years, dying 
on 1 8th April, 1893, at New York, They left no 
issue. 

VII. Alexander Carlisle, who was bom 25th 
December, 1808, at Common Green, was named 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL ^5 

after Alexander Carlisle, an Irish solicitor. He 
accompanied his father to America, but in 1819 
went back to Ireland and was educated at a school 
in Londondei^. In 1825 he returned to New 
York, and in the same year went to Montreal, 
where he was for some years in business with his 
brother Robert, the firm being known as Buchanan 
& Co. In 1835 he took charge of the Emigration 
Office at Quebec, and on the ist July, 1838, was 
appointed by the British Government Chief Emi- 
gration Agent in succession to his tmcle, Alexander 
CarHsle Buchanan. He married at Quebec , on 3rd 
November, 1840, Charlotte Louise Caldwell, 
daughter of the Hon. Edward Bowen, Chief 
Justice for the District of Quebec. He died on 
and February, 1868, at Quebec."" She died on 20th 
November, 1894, at same place. They had issue: 

1. Carlisle Edward, bom 4th May, 1846; 
entered service of the Bank of Montreal, and 
died 15th March, 1867, at Port Hope, Ont. 

2. Ernest Bowen, of Australia, bom 4th 
April, 1855; married first, 26th November, 
1886, Alice Mackenzie, who died 26th Decem- 
ber, 1887; 2ndly, Beatrice Elliot and has 
issue : — 

(i) Carlisle LeStrange, bom 22nd Feb- 
ruary, 1900. 

I " His was a fine example of a quiet, useful, unostentatious 
life. Those who knew him find it difficult to determine which most 
to admire, his public virtues or his private worth. To his inti- 
mates both are a pleasant retrospect; to his friends they are a 
|>i«ciou8 possession ; for many a day will pass ere ' Carlisle Bu- 
chanan ' will be forgotten in those quiet home circles which he 
made bright and happy by his presence." — " Portraits of British 
Americans," by Fennings Taylor, 1868. 



J236 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

(2) Arthtir Hamilton, bom ist January, 
1902. 

(i) Orovida Valentine. 

3. Arthur Hamilton, bom 17th June, 1858; 
entered service of Bank of Montreal, of which 
he is now Manager at Spokane, U. S. A. He 
married 15th April, 1899, at Montreal, Frances 
(Lily), daughter of Alexander Brock Buchan- 
an, of Montreal. 

4. Noel Herbert, bom 2nd October, i860; 
entered service of Molsons' Bank, and was 
drowned 31st March, 1883, at Brockville, Ont. 

1. Sophia Lomse (Winnif red) married 25th 
September, 1867, George Tudor Pemberton, 
and has issue: — 

(i) Leigh Tudor, bom 12th April, 1869; 
married 27th October, 1897, Georgina Scott. 

(2) George CarUsle Tudor, bom 12th 
June, 1870; married 13th September, 1898, 
Roberta Mary Bayley Bruce. 

(i) Helena Tudor, married loth Novem- 
ber, 1903, Percy C. Stevenson. 

2. Ida Mary, married 25th April, 1877, 
John Hamilton, of Quebec, and has issue: — 

(i) Constance Naomi, married 20th Jtme, 
1900, Arthur Carrington Smith. 

(2) Edith Craigie. 

(3) Mary Frances Vera. 

(4) Jessie Irene. 

VIII. Sarah, bom on 24th March, 18 10, at 
Common Green, and named after her grandmother. 



JAMES BUCHANAN^ H.B.M. CONSUL 23/ 

Sarah Sproule, daughter of James Sproule, of 
Granan, and second wife of John Buchanan of 
Omagh. She came to New York with her father, 
but went back to Ireland in April, 1829. On the 
23rd September, 1829, she was married in the 
church of Cappagh, near Omagh, to Robert 
Blackwell, son of Alexander Blackwell, of Holy- 
wood, near Belfast. She died on i8th February, 
1875, ^^ Lower Moimt Street, Dublin. They had 
issue : — 

1. James Buchanan, bom 13th October, 
1830, and died 22nd July, 183 1. 

2. Alexander, bom i6th April, 1834; mar- 
ried 2nd February, 1867, Wilhelmina Crofts 
of Ballamena House, County Cork, and died 
20th July, 1888. 

3. James Buchanan, bom 3rd August, 
1837, and died ist April, 1841, at New York. 

4. Robert, bom 1846, and died 8th Nov- 
ember, 1888. 

1. Anna Arthur, married 8th February, 
1854, Thomas Studdert of Kilkishen House, 
County Clare, Ireland. 

2. Elizabeth Buchanan, married James B. 
levers of County Clare, Ireland, and died 
ist February, 1898. 

3. Margaret Eleanor Whitla, married Hod- 
der Roberts of Mount Reber, Cork, and died 
in 1880, in Ireland, leaving issue. 

4. Sarah Caroline, died 4th March, i860. 



238 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

IX. Elizabeth, bom on 3rd December, 181 1, 
at Common Green, and named after her mother. 
She was married on the 5th November, 1830, to 
William Whitla, only son of George Whitla, of 
Lisbum, Ireland. She died on the 30th May, 1886, 
at Chepstow Villas, Bayswater, London. They 
had issue: — 

1. George Whitla, bom 31st July, 1832; 
appointed Assistant Surgeon in 1857, Surgeon 
in 1872, Surgeon Major in 1873, Brigade Sur- 
geon in 1892, Hon. Deputy Surgeon General 
in 1893, and retired in 1893. ^^ married 
ist, Miss Goodden, by whom he had issue 
one son, George (died 1885), and one daugh- 
ter, Susan; 2nd, Catherine Barbara Gould 
Jackson, by whom he has issue 2 daughters, 
Helena and Charlotte, both married. 

2. James Buchanan, bom 2nd September, 
1834; appointed Ensign in the 88th Regt. of 
Foot, Connaught Rangers, in 1855, and served 
through the Indian Mutiny with his regiment; 
Lieutenant in 1859, Captain in 1867, and 
retired in 187 1. He married Elizabeth M. 
Forbes, who died in March, 1899. He lives 
in Toronto, Canada. 

3. John, bom 1835, and died while young. 

4. WilHam, bom 1 3th March, 1 840 ; entered 
the army in 1858, and became in 1886 Lieut.- 
Colonel commanding 2nd Battalion of the 
Lincolnshire Regiment (the loth Foot). He 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 2^0 

commanded a detachment of the ist Battalion 
in the Perak River Expedition in 1875, ^^^ 
commanded the troops when a combined naval 
and military force attacked and captured two 
stockades and five guns, and for this was 
mentioned in the despatches and received 
Brevet of Major and Medal with clasp. He 
retired in 1888 and now lives in London, Eng- 
land. 

5. Sydney, bom 1843, ^^^ died while 
young. 

6. Seymour Conway, bom 1845, ^^^ died 
while young. 

7. Francis, born 1849 '> married and lives in 
California, and has issue. 

8. Valentine Herbert, bom 1853 married 
and lives in Queensland, and has issue. 

1 . Elizabeth Clarke, married Capt. Thomas 
Peter Carr, County Inspector in the Royal 
Irish Constabulary, and died January, 1871, 
leaving issue. 

2. Eleanor, married Col. Lewis Mansergh 
Buchanan, C.B., of Edenfel, Omagh, Tyrone, 
and died 1877, leaving issue. 

3. Emma Hardcastle Haldane, married 
Henry Lucas, of Rathealy, Co. Cork, late 
Captain in the 25th Regiment and Major S. 
Cork Militia; died 24th August, 1899, and left 
issue. 

4. Alicia Jane, married Charles C. Bridges, 
son of John Bridges of Birch, Essex, and has 



2AO JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

issue, (i) Sydney; (2) Guy; (3) Oliver; (4) 

Trevor; (5) Winifred. 

5. Ada, married Colonel Theophilus Hig- 

ginson, C.B., late Commanding ist Punjab 

Infantry (Punjab Frontier Force), who died 

1903, leaving issue: — 

(i) Harold Whitla, Captain Royal Dublin 
Fusiliers,^ married 1903 Ivy Letitia 
Broun, fourth daughter of the late James 
Broun, of Orchard, Carluke, N.B., and Petit 
Menage, Jersey, C.I., and has issue: — (i) 
James, bom 1906. 
(2) Ada Dorothea. 

X. Maria, born on 20th March, 18 13, at 
Common Green, and named after her aunt, Mrs. 
John Clarke. She died unmarried, on 5th Feb- 
ruary, 1837, at New York. 

XI. John Stewart, born on 3rd January, 
18 1 5, and named after Sir John Stewart, Bart. 
When his father sailed for New York in 18 16, John 
Stewart was left with his grandfather at Omagh. 
It is probable that he came to America with his 
father in November, 1820. On the 21st September, 
1 83 1, he took possession of a grant from His Maj- 
esty of 1200 acres of land in Upper Canada, con- 

(i) Served in West Africa 1897-8. Took part in the operations on 
the Niger. With the expedition to Lapia and Argeyal. Medal with 2 
clasps. Served in the S. African War 1899-1902. Took part in the 
operations in Natal '99, including action at Lombard's Kop. At the 
defence of Ladysmith, including action of 6th January, 1900. In the 
Transvaal, west of Pretoria, July to 29 November, 1900. Again in the 
Transvaal 30 November, 1900 to January, 1902. Mentioned in 
Despatches London Gazette, loth Sept., 1901. Queen's medal with 4 
clasps and King's medal with 2 clasps. Served at Aden 1903, during 
operations in the Interior, //art's Army List {i^io). 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 24I 

ferred on James Buchanan for his services in re- 
lation to the Province. John Stewart married at 
Toronto on the 6th July, 1839, Mabel Ann, second 
daughter of Dr. Samuel Robinson, formerly of 
Eccles Street, Dublin, who had come to Canada, 
and of Elizabeth Smith, who had previously been 
married to Joseph Hume, of the County of Wicklow. 
John Stewart afterwards removed to Chicago. 
He died there on the 21st April, 1875, ^^^ ^^^ 
widow died there on the 5th November, 1890. 
They had issue : — 

1. Elizabeth Robinson, bom 27th July, 
1840; died 27th August, 1840. 

2. James R., bom 5th October, 1841 ; died 
9th June, 1853. 

3. Samuel R., born 29th June, 1843; rnar- 
ried 20th November, 1872, Etta Heagel, who 
died 13th February, 1888, and died 30th April, 
1904, at Chicago, leaving issue: — 

(i) Stewart H., bom 7th August, 1874. 

4. Elizabeth R., bom ist October, 1845; 
married nth October, 1874, H. M. Dupee, of 
Chicago, and has issue : — 

(i) William H., born May, 1877. 

(2) Horace, born 21st November, 1883. 

(i) Mabel. 

(2) Margaret. 

5. John R., bom 5th September, 1847; 
married November, 1876, Gertrude Bliss, and 
died 27th March, 1883, ^^ Chicago, leaving 
issue: — 1 



242 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

(i) Walter, bom August, 1878. 
(2) Blanche, died January, 1882. 

6. Catherine Hume R., bom 3rd April, 
1849; married nth April, 1875, Wm. Spencer, 
of Chicago, and died 3 ist August, 1880, leaving 
issue : — 

(i) George Buchanan, bom 5th February, 
1876. 

(2) William Archer, bom 15th Febmary, 
; 1878. 

7. William Hume R., born 3rd April, 1849. 

8. Mabel R., bom November 12th, 185 1; 
married 20th September, 1877, Robert S. 
Buchanan, of Chicago. 

9. James O. R., bom 9th November, 1853. 

10. Robert R., bom 24th Januar}% 1856; 
died 27th November, 1905, at Chicago. 

Xn. Isabella Clarke, bom on loth Novem- 
ber, 18 1 5, at Boulogne, France, and was named 
after her aunt, Mrs. William Clarke. She was 
married at New York on the 25 th September, 
1834, by the Rev. Lewis Pintard Bayard, Rector 
of St. Clements Church, New York, to WiUiam 
Augustus Baldwin, son of the Hon. William 
WaiTen Baldwin, and brother of the Hon. Robert 
Baldwin, Q.C., C.B., and died on the 21st May, 
1850. He died on the 14th June, 1883, aged 75 
years, at '' Masquoteh," Deer Park, Toronto. 
They had issue: — 

I. Henry St. George, of Toronto, bom 12th 

November, 1837; married 9th February, 1869, 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 243 

Amelia Sarah Pentland, of Cobourg, Ont., 
and had issue : — 

(i) Bertram St. George, bom 17th Sep- 
tember, 1870; died 25th February, 1893. 

(2) Harold Augustus, bom i6th Novem- 
ber, 1871. 

(3) Ethel Isabel. 

2. James Buchanan, M.D., of Toronto, bom 
14th July, 1839; married Elizabeth C. Mor- 
rison; died 30th May, 1897, at Toronto, and 
had issue : — 

(i) Kenneth Joseph Morrison, bom 15th 
March, 1874. 

(2) James Carlisle Buchanan, bom 25th 
April, 1886. 

(i) Florence Emeline, bom 28th October, 
1875; ^i^^ 6'th December, 1884. 

(2) Sybil Isabella. 

3. William Augustus, M.D., of Toronto, 
bom 6th December, 1840; married EUaWin- 
nifred Poston, of Quebec, and died 13th July, 
1894, and had issue: — 

(i) Charles William Augustus, born 22nd 
April, 1884; Cadet Royal Navy, ist July, 
1899. 

(2) St. George Pentland, bom 26th Feb- 
ruary, 1885. 

4. Robert Russell, of Toronto, bom 20th 
July, 1842; married 30th September, 1893, 
Ada Jane Webster, of Guelph, Ont., and died 
3rd June, 1906, leaving no issue. 



244 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

5. ^melius Warren, of Toronto, born 8th 
September, 1844; married 13th September, 
1883, Susie Cotterell (who died loth October, 
1888), by whom had issue : — 

(i) Reginald ^melius, bom 15th July, 
1887; died 17th August, 1888. 

(i) Alice Muriel. 
(2) Emmeline Gladys. 
He married secondly, 13th November, 1889, 
Julia Pringle, of Cobourg. 

1. Phoebe Buchanan, born i8th April, 
1836; married 20th October, 1857, George 
Lefroy, of Toronto, formerly of Athy, Ireland, 
and died 9th January, 1 89 1 , at Toronto. Had 
issue : — 

(i) Ernest Baldwin, bom 20th Feb- 
ruary, 1 86 1. 

(2) Harold Baldwin, bom 14th January, 
1863. 

(3) Benjamin St. George, bom 2nd Jan- 
uary, 1865. 

(4) William Baldwin, bom 14th April, 
1869; died 5th July, 1872. 

(5) Augustus George, bom 25th Nov- 
ember, 1874. 

(i) Catherine Isabella, bom i8th Decem- 
ber, 1858; died 25th May, 1905. 
(2) Phoebe Isabella Beatrice. 

2. Isabella Elizabeth, bom 3rd August, 
1847; married 4th January, 1877, to William 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 245 

Ross Baldwin, of Lismore, Ireland, and died 
4th November, 1890. Had issue: — 

(i) William Augustus, bom 3rd Febru- 
ary, 1878; died 19th September, 1904. 

(2) Godfrey St. George, bom 2nd Janu- 
ary, 1881; died 13th February, 1910. 

(i) Phoebe Isabella Margaret, married 
1 8th September, 1901, John M. Hedley. 
(2) Wilhelmine Russell. 
XIII. Amelia Hobart, bom on 27th July, 
181 7, at New York; was named after Lady Castle- 
reagh. She was married on the 26th June, 1845, 
at the residence of her father, near the Falls of 
Niagara, to Hugh Taylor, of Montreal, advocate, 
by the Rev. William Leeming, Rector of the 
Parish. She died on the 19th November, 1876, in 
Folkestone, and he died on the 30th December, 
1893, ^^ Weston Lodge, Upper Norwood, Surrey, 
aged ninety years. They had issue: — 

I. Reid, bom 27th November, 1847; ad- 
mitted to the Bar of the Province of Quebec 
in 1869; he married first, in February, 1873, 
Mattie, daughter of Dr. Smallwood of Montreal 
(who died 25th June, 1892), and had issue: — 
(i) Algernon Waldemar Hugh, bom 20th 
October, 1876. 

(2) Adrian Aubrey Charles, bom 25th 
September, 1877, Captain Royal Dublin 
Fusiliers. (1) 

(i) Served In South Africa War 1899-1902. Employed with Mount- 
ed Infantry. Severely wounded. Mentioned in Despatches London 
Gazette, loth September, 1901. Queen's Medal with 6 clasps and King's 
Medal with 2 clasps. Served at Aden 1903 duting operations in the 
Interior. Attached to Egyptian Army. Hart's Army List (1910). 



246 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

He married secondly, on 28th April, 1903, 
Edith Constance Maud Widdrington, only 
daughter of Captain Widdrington, and by her 
has a daughter, 

(i) Chrysilla Griselle Widdrington. 

2. Horatio Herbert, born i8th August, 
1858. 

I. Elizabeth Mary. 

XIV. George Augustus Frederick, bom on 
I oth February, 18 19, at New York, and died there 
on 7th September, 18 19. 

XV. William Oliver, bom on the 22nd 
October, 1820, at New York, and named after 
OHver Sproule, fonnerly of Omagh, M.D., brother 
of his grandmother, and after his imcles, William 
Buchanan and WilHam Clarke, He was a civil 
engineer. He married on the 22 nd of October, 
1845, at Williamsburg, U.C., Mary Ellen Crysler, 
daughter of Colonel John Crysler, of Crysler's 
Farm, Dundas Co., U.C. (who was bom on the 9th 
July, 1825, and died 3rd September, 1905), and 
died on the 15th December, 1904, at Montreal. 
They had issue: — 

1. Joseph Hardcastle, bom 6th February, 
1847; ^i^^ 17^^ February, 1849, 

2. Florence Anna, bom 29th July, 1848; 
married 15th June, 1869, to Captain H. Bonham 
Clay, 13th Hussars, and has issue: — 

(i) Bertha Florence, married the late 
Grant Macintosh, of Montreal. 
(2) Cecil Buchanan. 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 247 

(3) Ethel Agnes, married William Forbes 
Forbes, of Montreal. 

(4) Mabel Elizabeth. 

(5) Eveline Ellen. 

(6) Constance Josephine. 

(7) Harold Bonham. 

(8) Gladys Margaret. 

3. Bertha Elizabeth, bom 29th July, 1848; 
married 19th September, 1867, to John Henry 
Pangman, Seigneur of St. Henri de Mascouche, 
and has issue : — 

(1) Florence Bertha, died loth March, 
1892. 

(2) Henry Gerald. 

(3) Claud Oliver, married Lillian, daugh- 
ter of A. H. Murphy, and has issue. 

(4) Mabel Ella. 

(5) Cecil Carlisle married Maud, daughter 
of Edward L. Sewell, of Quebec, and has 
issue. 

(6) Lionel Buchanan, married 19th Feb- 
ruary, 1908, Mary Graham, daughter of the 
late Professor Dawson. 

(7) John Henry, married 20th May, 1910, 
Gladys Arnold, daughter of Mrs. S. C. 
Stevenson. 

4. James Ohver, bom 29th November, 1849; 
married 6th September, 1876, Emmeline, daughter 
of the Hon. Mr. Justice Morrison, of Toronto, and 
has issue : — 

(i) Earl, died. 



248 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

(2) Zulu Emmeline, married George 
Gooderham Mitchell, of Toronto. 

(3) Gladys, married Norman Seagram, 
Toronto. 

(4) Roy Beresford. 

(5) Oliver. 

5. Robert Stewart, born 22nd September, 
1852; married 20th September, 1877, Mabel, 
daughter of John Stewart Buchanan, of Chicago, 
and has issue : — 

(i) Persis Elizabeth, bom 24th January, 
1881; died 19th February, 1884. 

(2) Bertram Oliver, born 7th April, 1883. 

6. Reginald Heber, bom 5th January, 1855; 
married 29th October, 1880, Hattie, daughter of 
Revd. Dr. Bancroft, of Montreal, and has issue: — 

(i) Rupert Bancroft, married Miss Win- 
chester. 

(2) Dorothy Bancroft. 

(3) Olive Bancroft. 

(4) Louie. 

(5) Heber. 

7. Harold Walter, bom 12 th June, 1857; 
married Anna Catherine, daughter of the late 
Michael Conrad Gie, of Ealing, London, who died 
23rd December, 1905. 

8. Sydenham Percy, bom nth December, 
1863; married 15th August, 1891, Helena August 
Bloor, and has issue : — 

(i) Dra^^ton. 
(2) Gretchen. 



JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 249 

9. Victor Carl, bom 26th September, 1869; 
married 6th June, 1895, Margaret, daughter of M. 
Erb, of Berlin, Ont., and has issue: — 
(i) Kathleen Margaret Lydia. 

XVI. Caroline, bom on the 2nd March, 1824, 
at New York, and named after a Miss Black. She 
was married on the 7th August, 185 1, at Drum- 
mondville, Niagara Falls, by the Revd. WilHam 
Leeming, Rector, to Kenneth Mackenzie Moffatt, 
Captain in the Royal Canadian Rifle Regiment, 
son of the Hon. George Moffatt, of Montreal. Col. 
Moffatt, who was bom in 1823, entered the army in 
1847, ^^^ ^o^ some years commanded the Royal 
Canadians, which regiment was ultimately dis- 
banded. He died on the nth March, 1885, at 
Toronto, where he was Commissioner of the Canada 
Loan Co. She died on the i6th December, 1894, 
at Toronto. They had issue: — 

1. George Buchanan, bom 13th December, 
1854; received his commission of Inspector in the 
Northwest Mounted Police in 1883; married 3rd 
September, 1884, Katherine Jane, daughter of 
Augustus Jukes, M.D., of St. Catharines, Ont., and 
has issue. 

2. William Rowan Hume, bom 30th July, 
1856. 

3. Kenneth Ogilvie, bom 7th July, 1861; 
married 12th March, 1890, at Toronto, Kathleen 
Monaghan. 

I. Sophie, bom 15th March, 1852, and died 
28th August, 1854. 



250 JAMES BUCHANAN, H.B.M. CONSUL 

2. Ida Caroline, now living in England. 

XVII. Jane Georgina, bom on 13th Jan- 
uary, 1829, at New York, and was named after her 
sister Jane, and Georgina added out of regard to 
her uncle, George Buchanan, who at the time she 
was bom had come from Ireland on a visit to his 
brother, James Buchanan. She was married on the 
1 6th September, 1852, at Monkstown, near Dublin, 
to Joseph Orr Robinson, solicitor, of Inner Temple, 
London, and died on the 17th November, 1885, 
at St. Catharines, Ont. Joseph Robinson died on 
the 13th April, 1898, at Rockferry, England. 
They had issue : — 

1. Edgar Albert, born 1853 ^^^ ^^^^ 1854. 

2. James Buchanan, bom 1855 ; rnarried 1892 
Helen Nichol, of Milwaukee, Wis., and has issue. 

3. Edith, bom 1857, and died 1861. 

4. Arthur Wells, bom 1861; married 1892 
Margaret Beatrice, daughter of T. M. Taylor, of 
Montreal, and has issue. 

5. Theodora Josephine, bom 1866; married 
1889 to Ewald Lowen of Eberfeld, Germany, and 
died there 5th February, 1900, leaving issue. 



The Buchanans of Carbeth. 



The Buchanans of Carbeth/ 



I. Thomas Buchanan, First of Carbeth, is 
said by Auchmar (2) to have been the second or 
third son of Sir Walter, third of that name Laird 
of Buchanan, but Strathendrick says that he was 
a younger son of Thomas Buchanan, of Gartin- 
caber and Drummikill.(3) He acquired Carbeth, 
in 1476. He had two sons : 

(i) Thomas, his successor; and 

(2) John in Easter Ballat. 
n. Thomas Buchanan, of Carbeth, suc- 
ceeded his father about 1493, ^^^ o^ ^^s death, 
about 1555, was succeeded by his nephew, Thomas 
Buchanan, son of John Buchanan in Easter Ballat. 
HI. Thomas Buchanan, of Carbeth, was 
married twice ; first, to a daughter of Douglas of 
Maines, by whom he had : 

(i) Thomas, his successor. 
He married,, secondly, Janet, daughter of the Laird 
of Buchanan and by her had five sons and one 
daughter : 

(2) John of Gartincaber, ancestor of the Bu- 

chanans of Blairlusk; (4) 

(3) Walter of Ballindoran; 

(4) William of Blairnabord; 



(1) The account of this branch of the family is taken almost entirely 

from Strathendrick. 
(i^ Auchmar, p. 235 (1820 Edition). 

(3) Strathendrick, p. 346. 

(4) For an account of the Buchanans of Blairlusk, see p. 189. 



254 THE BUCHANANS O^ CARBBtH. 

(5) Archibald; 

(6) Robert; and 

(i) Janet, married to Gre^^or McGregor, of 
Glengyle. 

IV. Thomas Buchanan, of Carbeth, who 
succeeded about 1605, and died about 16 10; mar- 
ried Isobel Leckie and had: 

(i) Thomas, his successor; 

(2) James of Balfunning; 

(3) William of Ampryor, who married Agnes 

Rig, and died 163 1, leaving two daugh- 
ters, Margaret and Elizabeth, who 
sold Arnpryor. 

V. Thomas Buchanan, of Carbeth, married, 
first, a daughter of Adam Colquhoun, merchant 
in Dumbarton, and had two sons : 

(i) John, his successor; and 
(2) Walter. 
He is said to have married, secondly, Agnes Blair. 

VI. John Buchanan, of Carbeth, married 
about 1632, Janet, daughter of William Buchanan 
of Ross, and had two sons : 

(i) John, his successor. 

(2) Moses of Glins, who married Jean Hamil- 
ton, daughter of William Hamilton of 
Auchintoshan, and had Jean who, in 
1700, married John Dennistoun of 
Colgrain. 

VII. John Buchanan, of Carbeth, 1633-1710, 
who married, first, a daughter of Cleland of Ward- 
head, by whom he had two daughters: 



THE BUCHANANS OF CARBETH 255 

(i) Janet, married to John Callender of 

Westertoun; and 
(2) Margaret, married to Thomas Buchanan 
of Boquhan. 
He married, secondly, Margaret Steven, daughter 
and heiress of Walter Steven of Easter Catter 
and Finnick Tennent, by whom he had : 
(i) John, his successor; 
(2) Moses of Glins ; and 

(i) Jean, married, in 1696, to William Bu- 
chanan of Auchmar. 

VIII. John Buchanan, of Carbeth, 1668- 
1724, married, in 1693, Margaret (died 1746), 
daughter of Stirling of Kippendavie, and had, 
among other issue, two sons, William, his suc- 
cessor, and Moses, bom 1706, a surgeon in 
Jamaica, died about 1737. 

IX. William Buchanan, of Carbeth, 1695- 
1737, married in 17 17, Margaret, eldest daughter 
of James Kincaid of Auchinreoch (she died in 
1767), by whom he had issue, among others, 
John, his successor; James, bom 1724, went to 
sea and died 1745; Moses, born 1727, died 1741; 
Charles, bom 1728, died 1752, in Jamaica, where 
he was a surgeon. 

X. John Buchanan, of Carbeth 1 720-1 790, 
married Ann Buchanan (17 19-1794), daughter of 
James Buchanan, of Cremannan, and had issue : 

(i) William, born 1747, Captain 35th Regi- 
ment, was at battle of Bunker Hill, 
die<i at New York 1777; 



256 THC BUCHANANS OF CARBBTH 

(2) James; 

(3) Ann, 1750-1815; 

(4) Margaret, 1751-1769; 

(5) Christian; 

(6) John, who succeeded his father; 

(7) Elizabeth, 17 58-18 12; 

(8) Charles, 175 9- 1772; and 

(9) Jean, 1762-1807. 

XL John Buchanan, of Carbeth, 1755-1825, 
married, in 1802, Margaret, daughter of James 
Lock, and had : 

(i) Margaret Lock, bom 1804; 

(2) John, his successor; 

(3) James, born 1809, settled in Canada, mar- 

ried there, in 1836, Mary Patrick, 
daughter of Thomas Chase Patrick, of 
Bushhill, formerly of Suffolk, England, 
and had among other issue, Charles 
Kincaid Buchanan; 

(4) Ann Jane, bom 18 11, died in Edinburgh. 
XIL John Buchanan, of Carbeth, bom 

1807; died 14th March, 1872. He married, in 
1836, Mary Louisa, daughter of Sir Henry 
Bay ley, K.C.B., and had, among other issue, two 
daughters (who, having succeeded him, sold 
Carbeth), Ann Jane Buchanan, of Carbeth, mar- 
ried in 1894, Archibald Bell; and Henrietta Char- 
lotte Buchanan married, in 187 1, the late Colonel 
John Stirling Stirling of Gargtmnock, late Royal 
Artillery, and has issue : 
(i) Charles, bom 1873; 



THE BUCHANANS OF CARBETH 257 

(2) Anselan John Buchanan, bom 1875; 

(3) James Hay, bom 1882; 

(4) Henry Francis Dundas, born 1883; 
(i) Louisa Christian. 

(2) Kathleen Caroline Anna. 

(3) Josephine Marion. 



The Buchanans of Ardoch. 



i 



The Buchanans of Ardoch. 



I. William Buchanan, first of Ardoch, eldest 
son of Thomas Buchanan, of Over Gartincaber, 
bom 165 1, acquired in 1693, the lands of Ardoch 
from William Cochran of Kilmaronock, and mar- 
ried Grizel Buchanan, and died 1723, having had, 
Thomas, bom 1678, a writer in Dumbarton, a 
Sheriff Clerk and a Commissioner of Supply. 
" His attachment to the Jacobite cause brought 
**him into suspicion during the commotions of 
"1715, and it is said that he was detained in the 
" Castle of Dumbarton to prevent him joining in 
"the rising of that year."^^) He married, in 
1704, Agnes, daughter of Rev. John Bogle, and 
died in 1 7 1 7 , leaving issue : 

(i) John, who succeeded his grandfather; 
(2) Francis, merchant in London, born in 
17 1 5 and died in 1773 s. p. 

II. John Buchanan, an eminent lawyer in 
Glasgow, bom in 1706 and died 13th January, 
1774. He married, first, in 1731, Mary, daughter 
of WilHam Crawford, merchant in Glasgow, and 
had issue : 

(i) Mar>% bom in 1732; married in 1764, Rev. 

James Graham, Minister of Bonhill; 

died 1814; 
(2) Thomas, his successor; 

(1) Strathendnck, pp. 354-57. 



262 THE BUCHANANS OF ARDOCH 

(3) Agnes, bom 1734; married 1759, John 

Buchanan of Ledrishmore, died 181 2, 

s. p. 
He married, secondly, in 1747, EHzabeth, daugh- 
ter of Walter Buchanan, of Teucher Hill, writer 
in Glasgow, and relict of Alexander Buchanan of 
Cremannan, and had one daughter, 

(4) Frances, bom 1751 ; married in 1770, John 

Maxwell, of Dargaval; died 1774, 

leaving issue. 
HI. Thomas Buchanan, merchant in Glas- 
gow, bom 6 th November, 1733; died loth De- 
cember, 1789. He married, first, in 1759, 
Margaret, daughter and heiress of Moses Buchan- 
an of Ballochruin, and had a son: 

(i) John Buchanan, of Ardoch and Balloch, 

his successor. 
He married, secondly, in 1764, Jean, daughter of 
John Gray of Dalmamock, and had among others : 

(2) James Gray-Buchanan, of Scotstown. 

(3) Elizabeth, bom 1772; married 1793, Alex- 

ander Gordon, of Glasgow, and died 

1849, leaving issue. 
He married, thirdly, in 1774, Helen, daughter of 
William Graham, of Birdstone, and had among 
others : 

(4) William W. S., bom 1777; married, in 

1803, the Hon. EHzabeth Murray, 
daughter of Lord Elibank, and died 
in 1864, leaving issue. 



THB BUCHANANS OF ARDOCH 263 

(5) Helen, bom in 1779; married in 1810, 

John Balfour; died 18 16, leaving issue ; 

(6) Marion, bom 1782, died 1822; 

(7) Robert, bom 1786, died 1870; married, 

first, in 181 7, Margaret, daughter of 
William Dunlop, of Annanhill ; second- 
ly, in 1832, Margaret Dickson, by both 
of whom he had issue ; 

(8) Thomas Graham, bom 1787, died 187 1, 

unmarried ; 

(9) Archibald, Commander R. N., bom 1789; 

married 18 19, Matilda, daughter of 
James d'Albiac, and died 1822 leaving 
issue. 

IV. John Buchanan, of Ardoch and Balloch, 
bom 8th January, 1761; married in 1785, Eliza- 
beth, daughter of John Parkes, of Netherton, and 
had by her, who died 4th September, 1807, 

(i) Mary, bom 1787, married Robert Findlay, 
of Easter Hill, died 1869; 

(2) John, his successor; 

(3) Margaret, bom 1802 and died 1825; 

(4) Elizabeth, bom 1807 and died 1867. 

In 1794 he was appointed Deputy Lieutenant; 
in 1820, Vice-Lieutenant of the County of Dum- 
bartonshire; and in 182 1 he was elected M.P. for 
the Coimty. He died 26th June, 1839, having 
sold Ardoch, in 1836, to his half brother, Robert 
Buchanan. 

V. John Buchanan, of Ardoch, J. P., bom 
24th March, 1799; married in 1840, Helen, daugh- 



264 THE BUCHANANS OF ARDOCH 

ter of John MacGregor, of Edinburgh, and died 
8th January, 1875, leaving issue, 

VI. Thomas John Buchanan, Lieutenant 
52nd Light Infantry and Captain Royal Sher- 
wood Foresters Militia; bom 8th April, 1843; 
married 17th September, 1868, Janet d'Albedhyll, 
daughter of Lieutenant Colonel John Money 
Carter, late ist Royal Scots, and grand-daughter 
of Alexander, 8th Lord Elibank, and died 2nd 
November, 1878, having by her, who died 8th 
May, 1890, had issue: 

VII. John Parkes Buchanan, bom loth 
June, 1869; married 21st April, 1896, Hilda, 
daughter of Colonel Richard I. Crawford, and 
died 30th July, 1900, leaving issue, Maurice 
John Parkes, bom 6th March, 1897. 



Gray- Buchanans of Scotstown. 



Gray- Buchanans of Scotstown. 



James Gray-Buchanan, of Scotstown, mer- 
chant in Glasgow, second son of Thomas Buchan- 
an, 3rd of Ardoch, was bom 17th June, 1766; 
married 9th July, 1798, Anne, youngest daughter 
of John Parkes, of Netherton, by whom he had, 
Thomas, his successor. In 1841 he assumed the 
additional name of Gray on succeeding to his 
cousin, John Gray of Eastfield and Scotstown, 
and, in 1847, he acquired the lands of Ardoch 
from his half brother, John Buchanan. He died 
in 1855, leaving a son: 

Thomas Gray-Buchanan, of Ardoch and 
Scotstown, merchant in Glasgow, bom 8th No- 
vember, 1804; married 15th October, 1835, Mary, 
daughter of Michael Rowand (who died in 1888). 
In 1857, he succeeded to the lands of Ardoch 
which he sold, in 1863, to John Findlay of Easter 
Hill and Boturrich, from whom they were subse- 
quently acquired by Sir George Lei th -Buchanan. 
He died 19th June, 1875, leaving issue: 

( I ) James Ross Gray-Buchanan, of Scotstown, 
who served for many years in the 26th 
Regiment of Cameronians, and late 
Lieutenant-Colonel and Hon. Colonel 
Commanding 3rd and 4th Bat. Cam- 
eronians Scottish Rifles; bom 30th 



268 GRAY-BUCHANANS OF SCOTSTOWN 

January, 1840; married 26th August, 
1863, Kate, daughter of James Farie, 
of Farme, and by her (who died in 
1888), had issue: Thomas Farie, bom 
1875, died 1899 unmarried; James 
Morris, bom 1877 ; Malcohn, bom 1878, 
died 1882; Walter Bruce, Lieutenant 
3rd Bat. Cameronians Scottish Rifles, 
bom 1885; Cecil Gordon, bom 1886; 
Janet Edith; Mary Rose; Kate Farie; 
Violet Sybil; Gertrude; and Elizabeth. 

(2) Michael Rowand, of Ettrickdale, bom 

1846; married 1877, Frederica, daugh- 
ter of Henry Stuart, and has issue, 
Claude, bom 1878; Kenneth, bom 
1880; Ronald, bom 1883; and Freder- 
ick, bom 1887. 

(3) Thomas Gray, bom 1849, ^^^ 1852. 

(4) Alexander Wilson Gray-Buchanan, of 

Parkhill, County Stirhng, bom 19th 
March, 185 1; married 3rd August, 
1 88 1, Mary Sophie, daughter of Colin 
R. Dunlop, and died i8th July, 1909, 
and had issue: Rev. Alastair Gray- 
Buchanan, B. A., Minister of St. Mar- 
tin's Episcopal Chapel, Leeds, Eng., 
bom 24th November, 1883; Mary; 
Annie ; and Ellen. 

(i) Margaret Rowand, died 1839. 

(2) Anne Parkes, married 1859, Henry John 
MacLean, Captain Rifle Brigade, son 



GRAY-BUCHANANS OF SCOTSTOWN 269 

of Sir George MacLean, K. C. D. ; died 
1 8 7 1 , leaving issue. 

(3) Mary Rowand, married 1865, A. R. A. 

Boyd, Lieutenant 92nd Gordon High- 
landers, son of Surgeon General D. 
Boyd, and died in 1872, leaving issue. 

(4) Jane Catharine, married in 1874, George 

James Dunlop, son of James Dunlop, 
of Tollcross, and has issue. 



The Buchanans of Auchmar. 



The Buchanans of Auchmar. 



I. William Buchanan, First of Auchmar, 
was the first son of George Buchanan, 17th Laird 
of Buchanan, by his second wife, Janet Cunning- 
ham. He was granted the lands of Auchmar by 
his father on the 3rd January, 1547. He mar- 
ried EHzabeth Hamilton, daughter of the Laird of 
Inchmachan or Eglishmachan, and died before 
1588. He had three sons and two daughters: 
(i) Patrick; 

(2) George, who succeeded his brother Pat- 

rick; and 

(3) Mr. William, the first cadet of the family, 

who went to Ireland and became man- 
ager and factor for the Estate of the 
family of Hamilton, then Lords of 
Clandeboys, and afterwards Earl of 
Clanbrazil, Co. Down. He married in 
Ireland and had one son, Major William 
Buchanan, ** a very brave gentleman, 
" who was major to George, Laird of 
"Buchanan's Regiment, at the fatal 
* ' conflict betwixt the Scots and English 
'* at Ennerkei thing. The Major, upon 
** defeat of the Scottish army, being 
** well mounted, made his way through 
**a party of EngHsh horsemen, and 



274 THE BUCHANANS OF AUCHMAR 

" though pursued for some miles, came 
"off safe, having killed divers of the 
"pursuers. He went afterwards to 
"Ireland and purchased an Estate 
" there called Scrabohill, near Newtown 
" Clandeboys, in the County of Down. 
" He had two sons, the eldest continued 
"in Ireland and the younger went 
" abroad. "(*) He had also two daugh- 
ters, both married in that country : 

(i) Margaret, married to Cunningham of 
Blairquhosh, and 

(2) A daughter married to James Colquhoun, 
of Glasgow. 

II. Patrick Buchanan, second Laird of 
Auchmar, married Helen, daughter and heiress of 
Mr. Thomas Buchanan of Ibert, "nephew to the 
"great Mr. George Buchanan, which Thomas be- 
" came lord privy seal by resignation of that office 
"in his favour by Mr. George his uncle.''^^^ Mr. 
Thomas Buchanan was married to the daughter 
of John, i8th Laird of Buchanan. Patrick died 
s. p. in 1603 and was succeeded by his brother. 

III. George Buchanan, of Auchmar, who 
married Janet Stewart, daughter of Andrew 
Stewart, and had, 

(i) Patrick, his successor; 

(2) John, whose issue became extinct; 

(3) Andrew, whose issue became extinct; 

(i) Auchmar, p. 190. 
(2) Auchmar, p. i87. 



THE BUCHANANS OF AUCHMAR 



275 



(4) Mr. Maurice, who was the second cadet of 

the family of Auchmar. He was a 
preacher in the County of Tyrone, and 
had one son, James, who had only one 
son, Captain Maurice Buchanan, who 
in 1723 resided near Dublin; 

(5) Major William, who was a captain in the 

Swedish Service in Germany. *' He 
" was upon account of his valour, con- 
'*duct and other laudable qualities, 

* very much esteemed, having signal- 
" ized himself upon diverse occasions, 
" particularly in vanquishing an Italian, 

* who had acquired very much fame 
'*by his martial achievements, and 
' dexterity always in performing divers 

* feats of arms, having carried the prize 
*in all places he went to, till at the 
" last he was overcome by this Captain 

* William, no less to his honour, than 
" to the Italian's disgrace. Upon ac- 
count of this action he obtained a 

* major's commission, but was within 
*a few days thereafter killed in the 

said service. "(') He married Anna 
Pennell, an English woman, and his 
descendants continued in Germany; 

(6) Robert, whose issue became extinct ; and 

(7) George, who had one son William, who 

married at London and left a son 



(1) Auchmar, p. 191. 



276 THE BUCHANANS OF AUCHMAR 

James, who in 1723 was a merchant 

in London; 
(i) Janet, married to Robert Colquhoun, of 

Camstradden, and 
(2) A daughter married to Captain Petti- 

groe. 
George Buchanan died before 1662. 

IV. Patrick Buchanan, who married about 
1629 Agnes, daughter of William Buchanan of 
Ross, and had by her one son and five daughters, 

(i) John, his successor; 

(i) Janet, married to William Buchanan of 
Cameron ; 

(2) Mary, married to Thomas Anderson; 

(3) Elizabeth, married to Walter McFarlane; 

(4) Agnes, married to William Galbraith of 

Arnfinlay, and 

(5) Jean, married to Bartholomew Naime of 

Meikle Batturich. 

V. John Buchanan, who married, in 1666, 
Anna, daughter of John Graham of Duchray, 
and had, 

(i) William; and 

(2) Colin, who married Anna, daughter of 

James Hamilton of Aitkenhead. 
(i) Margaret, married Robert Graham of 

Glenny ; 
(2) Catherine, married, first, George Buchanan, 

son of Arthur Buchanan of Auchlessie, 

and afterwards to Andrew Stewart of 

Drymen ; 



THE BUCHANANS OF AUCHMAR 277 

(3) A daughter married to Robert Stewart of 

Calliemore, and 

(4) Elizabeth, married to George McFarlane of 

Drymen. 

VI. WilHam Buchanan, the historian of the 
Family of Buchanan, married in 1696, Jean, 
daughter of John Buchanan, of Carbeth, and 
died in 1747, and had, 

(i) John, who died in 1744; 

(2) Bernard, who died between 1721 and 1747; 

(3) Alexander, his successor. 

VII. Alexander Buchanan, who married 
Christian Campbell (who died in 1808). He had 
two sons, 

(i) William; and 
(2) James. 

VIII. William Buchanan sold his lands in 
1789 to Andrew Buchanan of Jamaica, merchant. 
He married, in 1796, Sarah Bartlet, second daugh- 
ter of Benjamin Bartlet, storekeeper, Edinburgh 
Castle. He was drowned, in 1797, off the coast 
of America. 

IX. James Buchanan, the 9th Laird of 
Auchmar, was bom about 1758 and died s. p. in 
18 16. In 1803 he sold his rights of redemption 
of the lands of Auchmar to Andrew Buchanan, of 
Jamaica, who sold them the same year to his 
brother-in-law, Peter Buchanan. Andrew Bu- 
chanan had married Jean, and Peter Buchanan 
had married Margaret, both daughters of Isaac 
Buchanan (i 705-1 788), of Gartfam, son of John 



278 THE BUCHANANS OF AUCHMAR 

Buchanan, of Little Croy, and of his wife, a 
daughter of George McPharlan, merchant (^) of 
high standing in Glasgow, and had among other 
sons, Peter Buchanan, the younger, who, having 
succeeded his father, sold Auchmar in 1830, to 
the Duke of Montrose, and Isaac Buchanan. 

The second son, the Honourable Isaac Buchan- 
an of "Auchmar," of Hamilton, Upper Canada, 
was bom at Glasgow on the 21st July, 18 10. He 
entered upon a mercantile career and went, in 
18 1 3, to Canada, where he achieved a reputation 
as merchant and political economist, and having 
entered Parliament became a member of the Gov- 
ernment. He married, in January, 18 13, Agnes, 
daughter of Robert Jarvis, of Glasgow, and had, 
(i) Peter Toronto Buchanan, of Hamilton, 
bom 7th May, 1844, at Toronto, Upper 
Canada; member Buchanan Society, 
1861; died at Hamilton, 9th Novem- 
ber, 1898, unmarried. 

(2) Robert Andrew Washington Buchanan, of 

Hamilton, bom New York City, 29th 
February, 1848; died at Hamilton in 
1852. 

(3) Harris Buchanan, of Pittsburgh, Pk., bom 

at Birkenhead, England, loth April, 
185 1 ; member Buchanan Society, 1870; 
married Victoria Cleghom and Kath- 
erine H. Barker; died at East Liberty, 
Pittsburgh, on the ist May, 1903 ; issue, 

(i) Strathendrick, pp. 342 and 376. 



THE BUCHANANS OF AUCHMAR 279 

Isaac Victor Buchanan and George 
Peter Buchanan, both of Pittsburgh 
and members of the Buchanan Society, 
1903. 

(4) Isaac Robert Buchanan, of Denver, Col- 

orado, bom Hamilton, 2 7th May, 1852; 
died Denver, 21st March, 1884, un- 
married. 

(5) James Isaac Buchanan, of Pittsburgh, 

bom 3rd August, 1853, near Hamilton ; 
member Buchanan Society, 1870; mar- 
ried nth July, 1 90 1, Eliza MacFar- 
lane, daughter of Isaiah Graham 
Macfarlane. 

(6) Robert Jarvis Buchanan, of Hamilton, 

bom near Hamilton, 22nd August, 
1859; unmarried. 

(7) Douglas Buchanan of Pittsburgh, born near 

Hamilton, 9th December, i860; mem- 
ber Buchanan Society, 1893; married 
Sarah Eleanor Grayson ; issue, Douglas 
Grayson Buchanan and Evelyn Eleanor 
Buchanan. 



¥ 



The Buchanans of Hales Hall. 



The Buchanans of Hales Hall. 



The Buchanans of Hales Hall, near Market 
Drayton, Staffordshire, claim descent from the 
Buchanans of Auchmar. Archibald Buchanan 
settled in the North of Ireland in 1686. His 
grandson, John Buchanan, of Donnelly, co. 
Donegal, married in 1785, Elizabeth, daughter of 
John Phillips, Wavertree, Lancashire, and died 
in 1796, leaving issue: — 

1. Phillips Buchanan, an officer in the 3rd 
Light Dragoons, who was killed at the battle 
of Waterloo. 

2. Alexander Henry Buchanan, of whom here- 
after. 

3. William Theophilus Buchanan, of North 
Cote, near Westbury, Gloucestershire. He was an 
officer of the 13th Light Dragoons, and served 
through the Peninsular war, being engaged almost 
daily during the march of Lord Hill's division 
across the Pyrenees, and also frequently on the 
Toulouse. He married in 1823, Eliza Anne, 
daughter of Rev. Richard Massey, of Coddrington, 
Cheshire, and died in 1865. 

4. James Buchanan, died young. 

I. Eleanor, married Clement Swetenham, of 
Somerford Booth, Cheshire. 

Rev. Alexander Henry Buchanan, J.P., of Hales 
Hall, which he acquired in 1824, bom in 1790; 



284 THE BUCHANANS OF HALES HALL 

married in 18 19, Susanne, daughter of Nathaniel 
Maxey Pattison, of West House, co. Chester, and 
had issue: — 

1. PhiUips Buchanan, J. P., late of Hales Hall, 
formerly of the 6th Dragoons, bom in 1820; 
married in 1848, Louisa Lucy, daughter of Robert 
Townley Parker, M.P., of Guerdon Hall, Lan- 
cashire, and died in 1895, having by her (who died 
in 1 891) had issue: — i. Alexander Phillips, d. s. p. 
1862. I. Louisa Constance, died in 1862. 2. Edith 
Mary, married in 1874, Edward Maltby Wakeman, 
of Coton Hill, Bridgnorth, and has issue. 3. Jessie 
Marion, married in 1884, Francis Bernard Critchley- 
Salmonson, Rosenau, Devon, and has issue Ronald. 

2. James Maxey Buchanan, entered Army in 
1844, and became Captain 70th Regiment; married 
Sophia Matilda, daughter of Arthur Champion 
Ban\Tll, B.S.C., and had issue: — i. Henry Barwell 
Maxey Buchanan, now of Hales Hall; 2. Leicester 
Buchanan, d.s.p. ; 3. Percy Maxey Buchanan, 
married in 1889, Ida Mary, daughter of John 
Forbes - Robertson ; 4. Reginald Buchanan, who left 
issue, Reginald Barwell, Sydney, Ethel Maud and 
Mabel, i. Nina Maxey, married in 1890, John 
Hinton Campbell, and has issue, Eric who died and 
Robin Hasluck; 2. Ethel Helen, married in 1889, 
Major H. D. Wilmot Mitchell, 14th Hussars, and 
has issue; 3. Mildred Clare, married in 1894 Arthur 
Knowles, of Alvaston House, Cheshire, and has 
issue, John Buchanan and Richard. 

3. William Buchanan, died at Madeira, in 1862. 



The BUCHANANS OF HALES HALL 285 

4 . Alexander Buchanan (Rev . ) , married in 1 8 7 2 , 
Ann Alice, daughter of Richard Fort, M.P., Read 
Hall, Lancashire. He died in 1906, leaving issue : — 
Dorothy Elsie, who died; Monica, who married 
Captain Peter Mason, 20th Hussars; and Evelyn, 
who married Harvey de Montmorency, Royal 
Artillery. 

5. Clement Buchanan, died in 1856. 

6. Henry Brian Buchanan, of Newquay, Corn- 
wall, Lieut. -Colonel late Rifle Brigade, bom in 
1845 ' entered the army in 1867, and retired in 1884 
with the rank of Lieut-Golonel. He married, in 
1886, Alice, daughter of Lewis Pratt. 

1. Susan, married in 1852, Arthur Brooke, 
son of Sir Richard Brooke, Bart., of Norton Priory, 
Cheshire, and died in 1852, leaving issue. 

2. Helen Mary. 

Henry Barwell Maxey Buchanan, of Hales 
Hall, B.A., Cambridge, formerly in the Royal 
Navy, bom in 1852, succeeded his uncle in 1895; 
married first, in 1878, Sabrina Kate, daughter 
of Col. MacHutchin, and has issue: — Harry Leslie 
Barwell, bom in 1879, ^.nd Claud James, bom in 
1883 i secondly, in 1906, Ellen Alice Emma, youngest 
daughter of the late Stephen Lynch, son of 
Major Lynch of Partry House, Ballinrobe, co. 
Mayo, Ireland. 



The Buchanans of Spittal 



¥ 



The Buchanans of Spittal. 



The ancestor of the family of Spittal and 
the first to acquire these lands was: — 

I. Walter Buchanan, of Easter Catter, said 
by Auchmar to have been the son of Patrick, 
second of that name, i6th Laird of Buchanan, 
but by others to have been the son of Walter 
Buchanan of Buchanan. This Walter Buchanan, 
First Laird of Spittal, married Isabel Cimning- 
ham, daughter of the ist Earl of Glencaim. He 
acquired the lands of Spittal in 15 19, those of 
Arrochymore in 1530, and those of Blairvockie 
(Blairwoky or Blairvoky^) in 1535. 

IL Edward Buchanan, of Spittal, succeeded 
his father,^ and married Christian Galbraith, 
daughter of the Laird of Culcruich. He had 
two sons: (i) Robert, his successor, and (2) 
George, first cadet of Spittal, and the ancestor 
of the Buchanans in Arrachybeg, who had one 
son, William, who obtained part of the lands 
of Arrachybeg in Buchanan parish. William 
had one son, Donald, who had four sons: William, 
Duncan, Robert and Walter. Of these, William 
had one son, Donald of Arrachybeg, who had 
issue. Duncan had one son, John, who had also 



1 Auchmar, p. 194. 

2 Auchmar says that Walter Buchanan was succeeded hy his soo 
John, but the account given in Strathendrick appears more satisfactory. 



290 THE BUCHANANS OP SPITTAL 

one son, Duncan, who, in 1723, was in the Foot 
Guards. Robert, who was killed in 1645, had 
no male issue. Walter, who lived in Cashill in 
Buchanan parish, had two sons, John and William, 
who had issue. 

III. Robert Buchanan, of Spittal, married 
Margaret Galbraith and had two sons: (i) Walter, 
his successor, and (2) Andrew, the second cadet 
of Spittal. '* This Andrew," says Auchmar, 
" seems to have been a man of education, and 
" was factor to part of the Earl of Mar's estate 
" for some time. He bought Blairvocky from 
" Spittel, and having never married, disponed 
** that interest to Walter Buchanan, his nephew, 
" ancestor to the Buchanans of Blairvocky."^ 

IV. Walter Buchanan, of Spittal, married, 
first, in 1593, Jean, daughter of John Stirling 
of Craigbamet, and, secondly, Margaret Lawson, 
and had two sons: (i) Edward, his successor, 
and (2) Walter Buchanan, the third cadet of 
Spittal and the first Laird of Blairvockie.* 

V. Edward Buchanan, of Spittal, married, 
first, about 1630, Helen, daughter of Edmond- 
stone of Balleun, and had two sons: (i) James, 
who married in 1648, Janet Buchanan, daughter 
of John Buchanan of Cashlie, and had five sons: 
Edward, who succeeded his grandfather; Captain 
John, who '* was captain in the Dutch and Eng- 
" lish service, during the whole time of the wars 



1 Auchmar, p. 197. 

2 Seepage 301. 



THE BUCHANANS OF SPITTAL 2^1 

" betwixt the French, English and Dutch, with 
" their other confederates, from the year 1690, 
" till the last peace; and was also an officer in 
*' the service of the Dutch, and some other states 
" of Europe, a good many years before the com- 
" mencement of these wars"; Captain Archi- 
bald, " who for divers years before his death was 
" one of the captains of the King's horseguards, 
" being a gentleman inferior to none of his 
"age and station in all valuable qualities**;* 
Andrew and Walter, both of whom died unmar- 
ried. James Buchanan died before his father 
between the years 1659 and 1664, and in 1666 his 
widow married Walter Buchanan, fiar of Blair- 
vockie;* and (2) Captain John Buchanan, of 
Sir George Buchanan's Regiment, " who was 
" killed at the fatal conflict betwixt the Scots 
" and the English at Ennerkeithing.'" 

Edward, 5th Laird of Spittal, married, secondly, 
in 1646, Margaret Buchanan, daughter of John 
Buchanan of Ross, and had: (3) Robert, Dean 
of the bakers in Glasgow, whose son Robert, 
writer in Glasgow, married "'Jean Buchanan, 
daughter of Archibald Buchanan, Laird of Drum- 
head, who died in 1729; and (4) Edward, "who 
'* was a man of great learning, and died while 
" at the study of divinity in the College of 
" Edinburgh."* 

1 Auchmar, p. 199. 

2 Stratbendnck. p. 369. 
^t Auchmar, p. 195. 

4 Auchmar, p. 196. 



292 THE BUCHANANS OF SPITTAL 

Edward Buchanan died in 1669. 

VI. Edward Buchanan, of Spittal, who suc- 
ceeded his grandfather, married in 1673, Chris- 
tian Mitchell, daughter of Mr. Thomas Mitchell, 
minister at Kilmarnock, and had two sons: 
(i) John, his successor; and (2) Thomas, chirur- 
geon in Glasgow, who married a daughter of 
Napier of Ballachaim, and by her had a daughter 
Christina, married Thomas Napier, of Glasgow; 
and a son, John Buchanan, M.D., who married 
the daughter of Sir Archibald Primrose, Bart., 
and had a daughter, Susan. 

VII. John Buchanan, of Spittal, married 
in 1707, Margaret Muirhead, daughter of Patrick 
Muirhead of Rashie Hill, and relict of Robert 
Buchanan of Anipryor, and had three sons and 
one daughter: (i) Robert, who succeeded his 
father; (2) Peter, afterwards of Spittal; (3) 
Thomas, also afterwards of Spittal; and (i) 
Christian, who married, as his second wife, Robert 
Buchanan of Leny. 

VIII. Robert Buchanan, of Spittal, succeeded 
his father before 1733. He entered the Dutch 
service, and became Colonel Commandant of 
Dundas's Regiment of Scots Dutch. In 1735, 
he sold the lands of Gartachorran to Thomas 
Buchanan, surgeon in Glasgow, and in the same 
year he sold the lands of Spittal to his brother, 
Peter Buchanan. He died after 1770, s.p. 

IX. Peter Buchanan sold Spittal in 1755 ^^ 
his brother, Thomas Buchanan. Peter Buchanan 



THE BUCHANANS OF SPITTAI. 293 

married Agnes, second daughter of James Hamil- 
ton of Hutcheson, but died s.p. " He, (Peter 
*' Buchanan of Spittal) as well as the memorialist 
*' (Thomas Buchanan afterwards of Spittal, Leny 
"and Bardowie) were apprehended in 1746 at 
"the same time with Amprior, and earned 
" prisoners first to Stirling Castle, and after- 
" wards to Carlisle, in which last place they were 
" confined for many months in irons, and in a 
*' loathsom.e dungeon with a crowd of other 
" prisoners of all ranks, and though he and the 
" memorialist were afterwards acquitted and 
" liberated, yet Peter Buchanan's constitution, 
" in consequence of what he suffered, was quite 
" broken, and even his memory affected."^ 

X. Thomas Buchanan, who was an officer 
in the Dutch service, married, first, Katherine, 
youngest daughter of Henry Buchanan of Leny, 
who died s.p., and secondly, Elizabeth, daughter 
of John Hamilton of Bardowie, by which marriage 
the Buchanans of Spittal succeeded to Bardowie. 
They also succeeded to Leny as heir of entail on 
the death of Margaret Buchanan, last survivor of 
the family of Henry Buchanan of Leny. By 
Elizabeth Hamilton he had issue: (i) Henry, died 
unmarried; (2) John Buchanan, who succeeded to 
the estates of Spittal and Bardowie and took the 
name of Hamilton, bom in 1758, married 1790, 
Margaret, daughter of Sir Hew Crawford of 



1 Strathcndrick, p. 370 and seq. 



294 THE BUCHANANS OF SPITTAL 

Jordanhill, and died s.p. in 1818; (3) Robert 
Hamilton Buchanan, Lieutenant R.N. British 
FusiHers, bom in 1760, married Cornelia Tinker, 
and died leaving a son, Robert Hamilton 
Buchanan, Captain 24th Regiment Bengal Native 
Infantry, who died unmarried before his uncle, 
John Buchanan-Hamilton; (4) Francis Buchanan, 
who succeeded his brother John, and assumed 
the name of Hamilton; (5) Peter Buchanan, 
Captain in the 23rd Regiment of Fusiliers, bom 
in 1767, died immarried; (i) Elizabeth Buchanan 
married, first, Robert Grahame of Gartmore; 
secondly, Robert Fairfoul, of Strowie, and (2) 
Marion Buchanan, bom 1766, married J. H. S. 
Crawford of Cowdonhill. 

XL Francis Buchanan -Hamilton, M.D., of 
Spittal, Bardowie and Leny, succeeded his 
brother, John Buchanan -Hamilton.^ "In 1828 
' * he was served heir male to his great -great -great- 
' * great - great - great - great - grandfather, Walter 
" Buchanan of Spittal, and established his claim, 
** in absence of other competitors, as Chief of 
** the Clan of Buchanan. "'^ 

" Francis Buchanan was born at Branziet, 
" Stirlingshire, 15th February, 1762. He studied 
*' for the medical profession at the University 
** of Edinburgh, and received his degree in 1783; 

1 A few yeai 8 ago the Government of India published a Sketch of 
his life edited by Colonel David Prain, I.M.S., C.I.E., F.R.S., Director 
of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 

2 Strathendrick, p. 371. In 1828 Dr. Francis Buchanan published 
his " Claim of the Head of the Family of Buchanan of Spittal as Chief 
of the Family of Buchanan." 



THE BUCHANANS OF SPITTAL 295 

*' after travelling for some years he was, in 1794, 
" appointed surgeon in the Honourable East 
** India Company's service on the Bengal estab- 
" lishment. On his arrival in India, he was 
" sent with Captain Symes on his mission to the 
" Court of Ava in a civilian capacity. In 1800 
"he was chosen to examine the state of the 
" country which the Company's forces had lately 
" conquered from Tippoo Saib, together with the 
" Province of Malabar; and in 1802 he accom- 
' panied Captain Knox on his embassy to Nepal. 
*' On his return, he was appointed to the staff of 
* the Marquis Wellesley, then Governor-General. 
" In 1805 he went with the Marquis to England, 
" and in the following year was again sent out by 
" the Court of Directors for the purpose of making 
" a statistical survey of the territory under the 
" Presidency of Fort-William, which comprehends 
" Bengal proper, and several of the adjoining 
" districts. In 18 14, on the death of Dr. Rox- 
" burgh, he succeeded him as superintendent of 
*' the Botanical Garden. He returned to Scot- 
** land in 181 5, and spent the latter years of his 
** life at Leney, in Perthshire, an estate to which 
" his father had succeeded as heir of entail, and 
'* which, on the death of his elder brother, Colonel 
" Hamilton, without children, came into his 
** possession, with the other family estates, when 
" he assumed his mother's name of Hamilton. 
" He was the author of ' Travels in the Mysore,' 
" then published, under the patronage of the 



296 THE BUCHANANS OF SPITTAL 

''Court of Directors, in 1807; 'The History of 
"Nepal,' 1818; 'A Genealogy of the Hindoo 
"Gods,' 18 19; and ' An Account of the Fishes 
** of the Ganges,' with plates, 1822. He also 
" contributed largely to various literary and 
"scientific journals; was a member of several 
" societies, and a Fellow of the Royal Societies 
" of London and Edinburgh."' He married 
Anne Brock, daughter of Andrew Brock, and 
died at Leny on the 15th June, 1829; having 
had issue (with a daughter, Catherine, who died 
unmarried in 1839) an only son; 

Xn, John Buchanan-Hamilton, F.R.S., of 
Spittal, Leny and Bardowie, bom 1822; married 
1845, Margaret Seton, daughter of George Seton, 
Commander, H.E.LC.S., of the family of Cariston, 
CO. Fife, and by her (who died in 1892) had issue: 
(i) Francis Wellesley, born 1853, died unmarried 
in 1893; (2) George Buchanan, born 1856, died 
unmarried in 1886; (3) John Hamilton; (i) Mar- 
garet Seton, married in 1867, Robert Jardine 
of Castle Milk, M.P., afterwards Sir Robert 
Jardine, Bart., and died in 1868, leaving issue a 
son, Robert William Buchanan Jardine, born in 
1868, who married in 1894, Ethel Mary, daughter 
of Mr. Benjamin Piercy of Marchwiel Hall, Den- 
bighshire, by whom he has issue. He succeeded 
his father in 1905. (2) Anne Helen, died in 185 1 ; 
(3) Katherine Elizabeth died in 1905. 



Anderson's Scottish Biographical Dictionary. 



THE BUCHANANS OF SPITTAL 297 

John Buchanan-Hamilton died on the i6th 
May, 1903, and was succeeded by his son, 

XIII. John Hamilton-Buchanan, bom in 1861 ; 
married in 1884, Phoebe Elizabeth, daughter 
of John Clark Brodie, C.B., of Idvies, Forfarshire. 



The Buchanans of Blairvockie. 



The Buchanans of Blairvockie. 



I. Walter Buchanan, first Laird of Blair- 
vockie, 1 6 14, (in Blairvockie 1603), was the 
first cadet of Spittal, being the second son of 
Walter Buchanan of Spittal. He married, first, 
Margaret McCalpen (McAlpine), who died in 
1 6 19, by whom he had Alexander, his successor, 
and other issue; secondly, about 1624, Giles 
or Geiles Buchanan.^ 

II. Alexander Buchanan, of Blairvockie, 
1632, married Agnes Buchanan, and died in 1672. 
He had, (i) Walter Buchanan, of Blairvockie, 
married 1666, Janet Buchanan, and died 1675; 
(2) Alexander, alive in 1673, probably died before 
1675, and (3) WiUiam. 

III. William Buchanan, of Blairvockie, 1691, 
who succeeded his brother in the estate. '* Wil- 
** Ham the third brother," says Auchmar, " hav- 
'* ing obtained the interest of Blairvocky, sold 
" the same to John Buchanan, younger of Spittel. 
** William Buchanan, the last of Blairvocky, 
** resided mostly in Ireland. He had four sons, 
•' Alexander, William, Walter and Henry. Alex- 



'ti' 1 From notes kindly furnished by the late Mr. A. W. Gray 
Buchanan, Laird of Parkhill, Polmont, who took a great interest in 
antiquarian and genealogical studies. 



302 THE BUCHANANS OP BLAIRVOCKIE 

" ander, the eldest, resides in Glendermon, within 
" two miles of Deny, being in very good repute 
" and circumstances. William, Walter and Henry 
** reside near Omagh, in the county of Tyrone, 
** in the kingdom of Ireland/'* 

I Auchmar, p. 198. 



The Buchanans of Montreal 



I 



The Buchanans of Montreal, 



Doctor John Buchanan, of the 49th Regi- 
ment of Foot, was the son of Alexander Buchanan, 
of Fintona, co. Tyrone, Ireland, and was de- 
scended from William Buchanan, last Laird of 
Blairvockie, who sold his estates about 1695, 
and went to Ireland. John Buchanan was born 
at Eccles Green, near Fintona, in 1769; became 
an Army Surgeon and was at the -attack of Copen- 
hagen in 1 801; went to Canada, in 1802, on the 
medical staff of the 49th Regiment, and died in 
181 5, at Quebec. He married, first, Lucy Rich- 
ardson, who died, in 1803, at Three Rivers, and 
had issue: — 

I. Alexander Buchanan, Q.C., of Montreal, 
born 1798; admitted to the Bar of Lower Canada 
in 1819; appointed King's Counsel in 1835; ^P" 
pointed, in 1835, a Commissioner to treat with 
the Commissioners of Upper Canada respecting 
the boundary line between Upper and Lower 
Canada; Chairman of the Commission appointed, 
in 1838, to enquire into the cases of the State 
Prisoners confined in the Montreal Gaol; Com- 
missioner of the Court of Requests for the Dis- 
trict of Montreal in 1839; Crown Prosecutor 
for Montreal from 1840 to 1845; President of 
the Commission appointed, in 1842, to enquire 



3o6 THE BUCHANANS OF MONTREAL 

into the State of the Feudal Tenure in Lower 
Canada ; member of the Commission appointed, 
in 1842, to revise the Acts and Ordinances of 
Lower Canada; in 185 1 Member of the Council of 
the Montreal Bar; married in 1824, Mary Ann 
Buchanan, daughter of James Buchanan, H.B.M. 
Consul at New York (who died in 1862), and 
died in 185 1, at Montreal, having had issue: 

1. Hon. George Carlo Vidua Buchanan, 
of Sweetsburgh, and later of Montreal, bom 
1825; admitted to the Bar of Lower Canada, 
1846; appointed a Queen's Counsel in 1873; 
a Commissioner for Consolidating the General 
Statutes of the Province of Quebec in 1877, 
and a Judge of the Superior Court for the 
District of Bedford in 1881; married in 1863, 
Abbie Louisa Snow, and died in 190 1. He 
had issue: 

(i) Charles Ernest Buchanan, born 
1871. 

(i) Mary Maud, married 1896, George 
G. Foster, K.C., of Montreal, and has issue, 
George Buchanan, born 1897, and Ruth 
Elizabeth. 

(2) Florence Geraldine, died 1885. 

2. Elizabeth Jane Buchanan, born in 
1827; married in 1851, Captain George Blicke 
Champion de Crespigny, XXth Regt., after- 



I . The report of this Commission is printed in extenso in Dr. 
W. B. Munro's Documents, relating to the Seigniorial Tenure in 
Canada at page 303, Also see Appendix to this book at page a. 



THE BUCHANANS OF MONTREAL 307 

wards Lieut. -Col. commanding School of 
Musketry at Hythe, second son of Charles 
Fox Crespigny, of Harefield House, Uxbridge, 
Middlesex; and died in 1897, at Folkestone, 
England, and having had issue : 

(i) George Hanison Champion de Cres- 
pigny, Hon. Lieut. -Colonel, 3rd Batt. 
Northamptonshire Regt., of Burton 
Latimer Hall, Kettering, Northants, bom 
in 1863; married, in 1890, Gwendoline 
Blanche, daughter of W. C. Clark-Thom- 
hill, of Rushton Hall, Northants, Fixby, 
Yorkshire, and Swakeleys, Middlesex ; and 
has issue: George Arthur Oscar, bom in 
1894; Mildred Frances and Gwendoline 
Sibyl. 

(i) Julia Constantia, bom in 1852, died 
in 1876. 

(2) Georgiana Elizabeth, unmarried. 
3. Wentworth James Buchanan, of Mon- 
treal, late General Manager of the Bank of 
Montreal, bom in 1828; married, in 1859, 
Agatha, daughter of Major Arnold R. Bur- 
rowes, 3rd Foot Guards, and died in 1905, 
leaving issue : 

(i) Claude Wentworth Buchanan, of 
Montreal, bom in 1872. 

(2) Fitzherbert Price Buchanan, of 
Montreal, born in 1874. 

(3) Richard Trevor Buchanan, of Wood- 
lands, Que., bom in 1876; married in 1905, 



3o8 THE BUCHANANS OP MONTREAL 

Frances Eliza Cecilia, daughter of Edward 
C. Hale, of Lennoxville, P.Q., and has issue. 

(i) Mary Ada (Minda), married on 23rd 
August, 19 10, Oleg Tripet-Skrypitzine. 

(2) Alice Agatha, married in 1902, 
Frank H. Weir, of Montreal, and has issue. 

4. William Robert Buchanan, of Honolulu, 
S.I., bom in 1830, and died in 1902, at 
Honolulu. He married, first. Miss Musel- 
white and had issue: Charles A.; William; 
Gertrude, died unmarried; Amy, married to 
Mr. Hope; and Helen, married to Mr. Brun- 
dage. He married, secondly, Emma C. Fitz- 
simmons, n6e Brickwood, and had issue: 
Wentworth M., married, 1907, Gertrude M. 
Regan; Alexander; Irene Martha, married 
to WiUiam H. Comwell, Jr. ; Grace, married 
to Allen Dtmn; Mary, married to Henry N. 
Almy, and Agnes Judd. 

5. Alexander Brock Buchanan, of Mont- 
real, late Secretary and Inspector of Branch 
Returns of the Bank of Montreal, bom in 
1832; married, in 1857, Elizabeth Ann, 
daughter of Francis Best and Emily Atkin- 
son (bom in 1834) and has issue: 

(i) George Reid Buchanan, bom in 
1858, and died in 1861. 

(2) Alexander Buchanan, of Montreal, 
late in the service of the Bank of Montreal, 
bom in 1861; married in 1903, Anna 



THE BUCHANANS OF MONTREAL 3O9 

Mary, daughter of the Hon. James O'Brien, 
Senator, of Montreal. 

(3) Rupert Charles Buchanan, late of 
Montreal, and now of Vernon, B.C., bom 
in 1867; married, in 1896, Mary Jane, 
daughter of William McLimont, of Quebec, 
and has issue: Alexander Ronald, bom 
in 1901 ; William Henry Keith, bom in 
1903, and Nancy Greaves. 

(4) Arthur William Patrick Buchanan, 
K.C.,^ of Montreal, bom in 1870; LL.B. 
Laval University, Montreal, 1893 ; admitted 
to the Bar of the Province of Quebec in 
1894; appointed a King's Counsel in 1908; 
married, in 1897, Berthe Louise, daughter 
of William Quirin, of Boston, and has issue: 
Erskine Brock Quirin, born in 1898, and 
Audrey Isabel Patricia. 

(5) Albert Edward Clarence Buchanan » 
of Montreal, bom 1870. 

(i) Elizabeth Emily (Lemmy) died in 
1880. 

(2) Frances (Lily) married in 1899, 
Arthur Hamilton Buchanan, now manager 
of the Bank of Montreal, Spokane, U.S.A., 
son of the late Alexander Carlisle Buchanan, 
of Quebec. 

(3) Ethel (Cherry), died in 1898. 

(4) Gwendoline, died in 1896. 



Member of the Buchanan Society in 1900. 



310 THE BUCHANANS OF MONTREAL 

6. Margaret Lucy Buchanan, born in 
1834 and died in 1837. 

7. Frederick Albert Buchanan, bom in 
1836, and died in 1842. 

8. Mary Alexandrina Buchanan, bom 
1841, and died in 1841. 

9. Mary Buchanan, born in 1842, mar- 
ried in 1876, the late Rev. R. Mainwaring 
Williams, M.A., of Hamhill Rectory, Ciren- 
cester, Gloucestershire, and died in :^oi, 
leaving issue: 

(i) Herbert Mainwaring Williams, 
Lieut. Army Veterinary Department, bom 
in 1879, married. 

(i) Gladys Louisa, married in 19 10, 
Hugh Edward Whittaker Cantrell. 
(2) Marjorie Mary. 
IL John Buchanan, of L'Orignal, Upper 
Canada, bom in 1800; married in 1829, Catherine, 
daughter of the Hon. Alexander Grant, of Dul- 
dregan House, L'Orignal, U.C., and died in 1837. 
He had issue: 

1. Lucy, died in 1847. 

2. Jane Louisa, bom in 1830, died in 
1907, unmarried. 

3. Alexander Grant Buchanan, bom in 
1833; married, in 1878, Anna Field (who 
died without issue). 

III. Jane Mary Buchanan, bom in 1801; 
married in 1820, Captain William Hall, and died 
in 1872, leaving issue. 



THE BUCHANANS OF MONTREAL 31 1 

Doctor Buchanan had another son, George 
Buchanan, who died at Liverpool, in 1870, leaving 
issue. 

Doctor Buchanan married, secondly, in 1809, 
Ursule, daughter of the Hon. Joseph Francois 
Perrault, Prothonotary of the Court of King's 
Bench for the District of Quebec, who died in 
1809, aged 23 years. 



Family of Dr. George Buchanan 
of Fintona, Co. Tyrone. 



Family of Dr. George Buchanan 
of Fintona, Co. Tyrone. 



Beaver Buchanan, of Fintona, born in 1710, 
was descended from William Buchanan, last of 
Blairvockie, who settled in Ireland. According 
to Mr. Thomas Hardinge Buchanan, of Dublin, 
who has made extensive researches as to the 
family of Buchanan in Tyrone, Beaver Buchanan 
was the son of William Buchanan of Fintona, 
who died in 1764. This William Buchanan mar- 
ried, in 1733, Margaret Creery, and had four 
sons, John, who had a son William; Andrew, 
William and Beaver, and three daughters, Anne, 
wife of Andrew Anthony; Margaret and Alice. 
This William Buchanan appears to have had 
two brothers, Eccles Buchanan of Fintona, who 
died in 1762, and John Buchanan of Mullam.enagh, 
living in 1764. Eccles Buchanan, of Fintona, 
was married three times: first, in 1724, to Mary 
Pitkem; secondly, in 1748, to Margaret John- 
ston; and thirdly to Elizabeth . He had 

four sons, Thomas, John, Robert and George, 
and a daughter, Margaret. 

Beaver Buchanan, who was living in 1780, 
but dead before 1804, had at least three sons: 
(i) Dr. George Buchanan, of Fintona; (2) Thomas 
Buchanan, of Fintona, living in 1804; and (3) 



3l6 FAMILY OF DR. GEORGE BUCHANAN OF FINTONA 

Eccles Alexander Buchanan, of Fintona, living 
in 1826. 

Dr. George Buchanan, of Fintona, was bom 
in 1740, and married, nth March, 1774, Ann 
Mullan (who died in 1838 aged 81 years), and 
died in 18 18. They had issue: — 

I. Bever Buchanan, of Dublin, born in 1775, 
was the first President of the Apothecaries' Hall 
of Ireland; married, in 1795, Elinor Hodgson, 
and died on the ist January, 18 13, having had 
issue : — 

1. Elizabeth Ann, married Maziere Brady, 
son of Francis Tempest Brady, of Dublin, bom 
in 1796, who became Lord Chancellor of Ireland, 
was created a Baronet and died in 187 1, his wife 
having predeceased him in 1858. Their son was 
the late Sir Francis William Brady, K.C., County 
Court Judge of Tyrone, who was bom in 1824; 
called to the Irish Bar in 1846, appointed Queen's 
Counsel in i860 and County Court Judge to 
Tyrone in 1872. He was twice married: first, 
to Emily, daughter of the Right Rev. Samuel 
Kyle, Bishop of Cork; and, secondly, to Geraldine, 
daughter of the late George Hatchell, M.D., 
Physician to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
Sir Francis Brady died on the 26th August, 1909. 

2. Dr. George Buchanan, of Downpatrick, 
CO. Down, Surgeon to the Royal Infirmary, 
CO. Down; married Ann, daughter of Dr. Richard 
Wright, of Dublin (who died about 1845), ^^id 

ied on the 19th October, 1841. He had issue: — 



FAMILY OF DR. GEORGE BUCHANAN OF FINTONA 317 

(i) Francis Robert Buchanan, born 1827, 
and went to America. 

(2) Richard Wright Buchanan, Solicitor, of 
Sion House, Kingstown, and of the Court of Chan- 
cery, Dubhn, bom in 1829, and died in 1882; 
he married Martha, daughter of Thomas Per- 
rott, of Uplands, Fermoy, co. Cork (who died 
in 1908), and had, — 

(i) George, born in 1856; Lieutenant, 
R.A. ; died 1879, unmarried. 

(2) Rev. Charles Henry Leslie Buchanan, 
Rector of Kilnaughter, co. Antrim, born 
1864, married Florence, daughter of Rev. 
William Moore, Rector of St. Patrick's, 
Newry, and has issue: — (i) Richard Moore, 
(2) George Henry Perrott, and (3) Florence 
Mary. 

(i) Elizabeth, died 1880, unmarried. 

(2) Emily, unmarried. 

(3) Louisa, died 1879, unmarried. 

(3) Rev. Charles Todd Buchanan, of Dublin, 
afterwards rector of Mullafad, co. Fermanagh, 
and of Ballynoe, co. Cork, born 30th November, 
1 83 1, married Arabella Hardinge, daughter of 
William Going, of " Alta villa/' Cahir, co. Tip- 
perary (who died 24th December, 1903), and 
died ist March, 1907, having had issue: — 

(i) Dr. George Charles Buchanan, of 
** Woodside." Beamsville, Ont., Canada, bom 
Tith July, 1862; married 6th August, 1888, 
Florence Mary, daughter of W. O. Thompson, 



3l8 FAMILY OF DR. GEORGE BUCHANAN OF FINTONA 

of Minnesota, and has issue: — (i) Charles 
Richard, bom 13th July, 1892; (i) Mary 
Alice Lucille; (2) Theresa Marjory Kathleen. 

(2) Rev. WiUiam Alexander Going 
Buchanan, Rector of Marble Bar, West 
Australia, bom 24th August, 1867; died 
28th May, 1906, unmarried. 

(3) Thomas Hardinge Buchanan, of 
Dublin, bom 13th July, 1869; married, 1889, 
Anna, daughter of Parker Dunscombe, of 
Dublin, and has issue: — (i) Charles Har- 
dinge, bom 27th June, 1900; (2) Parker 
Dunscombe Gordon, bom 29th June, 1905; 
(i) Nanette Emily; (2) Margery Norreys. 

(i) Matilda (Sissy), died in infancy. 

(2) Anne, died in infancy. 

(3) Arabella Caroline, unmarried: 
(i) EHnor, died in infancy. 

(2) Jane, died in infancy. 

(3) Georgiana Buchanan, died in 1898. 

3. William Buchanan, married in Dublin, 
1822, Mary Hutchinson, and had issue: — 

(i) Stanley Buchanan, who was a doctor 
in Newport, Monmouthshire, and died there 
leaving a daughter, Elinor, married to Mr. Allen, 
who had a daughter Elizabeth. 

(2) Francis Buchanan, went to Australia. 

(3) Beaver (Beverly) Buchanan, who went to 
New Zealand and died on the 29th Tuly, 1870, 
at Lyttleton. 



FAMILY OF DR. GEORGE BUCHANAN OF FINTONA 319 

(4) William Pollock Buchanan, died in in- 
fancy. 

(5) William Frederick Buchanan, went to 
Australia. 

(i) Henrietta. 

4. Beaver Buchanan, died in infancy. 

5. Elinor Buchanan, married to Charles Ma- 
grath, of Dublin, and died about 1876. 

II. Eliza Buchanan, bom in 1776, married 
to Hans Denniston, and died in 1796. 

III. John Buchanan, born in 1777, and died 
in 1785. 

IV. William Buchanan, bom in 1779, went 
to Australia, and died in 1834. 

V. Jane Buchanan, bom in 1780, married 
to John Pollock, and died in 1830. 

VI. Ann Buchanan, bom in 1782, married 
to James Greer, of Omagh, and died in 1805, 
leaving a daughter married to Robert Hamilton, 
of Omagh. 

VII. Margaret Buchanan, bom in 1784, mar- 
ried to James Wilson, Clerk of the Crown, Omagh, 
and died in 1861. 

VIII. George Buchanan, born in 1786, and 
died in 1790. 

IX. Dr. Robert Buchanan, bom in 1787, 
married Eliza Eraser, and died in 1872, at London. 
He was a Surgeon in the Scotch Greys and resided 
in Pontefract Castle, Yorkshire. He had a son 
William and two daughters, Louise, married 
to a French gentleman, and Emily, married to 



320 I?AMILY OF DR. GEORGH BUCHANAN OF FINTONA 

Colonel Morris, Army Pay Department, who 
had a son Captain Godfrey Morris, and a daughter, 
Louisa Morris. 

X. John Buchanan, bom in 1789, who be- 
came an Army Surgeon, and was killed in 18 14 
during the Peninsular War, and whose descen- 
dants are in Yorkshire, England. 

XI. James Buchanan, of Fintona, born 29th 
September, 1 793 ; appointed Coroner at Fintona; 
married ist February, 18 19, Amelia Blakely, 
and died 5th August, 1862, at Castle Lodge, 
Fintona. His wife died on the loth June, 1848, 
aged 53 years. They had issue: — 

1. George Buchanan, born in 1820, and 
died 13th August, 1846. 

2. Alexander Eccles Buchanan, born in 
1822, and died 21st January, 1848. 

3. John Buchanan, who died abroad, 
unmarried. 

4. Robert Buchanan, born at Fintona, 
22nd November, 1833; became Coroner at 
Fintona; married ist November, i860, Mary 
Thompson, and died on 14th March, 1873. 
They had issue: — 

(i) Walter James Thompson Buchanan, 
born 12th November, 1861; L M. S. In- 
spector-General of Jails, Calcutta; served 
with China-Lushai Expeditionary Force 
in 1899-19 00, for which he received medal 
with clasps; married on 30th March, 1892, 
Lilian Edith Byrne, daughter of E. Simpson 



FAMILY OF DR. GEORGE BUCHANAN OF FINTONA 32 1 

Byrne, C.S., Accountant -General, Bengal; 
and has issue: — Maurice Beaver, bom 7th 
December, 1893. 

(2) Charies Alexander Buchanan, of 
" Deroran ", Stirling, and stockbroker in 
Glasgow, bom at Fintona on 20th March, 
1863; married 4th June, 1891, Mary 
Catherine Kay, daughter of R. Murray 
Kay, Ayr; and has issue: — Edmund Pul- 
lar, bom i8th July, 1893; Marjory Mur- 
ray, and Elizabeth Esther. 

(3) Robert Eccles Buchanan, Civil 
Engineer, Londonderry, bom at Fintona, 
loth June, 1864; married ist April, 1891, 
Ethel Maud Williams, daughter of Thomas 
Richard Williams, of Sellars Hall, Finch- 
ley, London; and has issue: — Edgar James 
Bernard, bom i6th February, 1892; 
Richard Brendan, born 6th May, 1894; 
and Ethel Elizabeth. 

(4) Harry William Buchanan, bom 9th 
May, 1869; married, first, 28th June, 1897, 
Isa Mabel Bracey (who died nth Janu- 
ary, 1900), daughter of Captain Bracey, of 
Durban, by whom he had issue a son, John 
Trevor, bom 1898; died 1898; secondly, 
15th July, 1902, Isabel Frances Muriel Bell, 
elder daughter of Lieut. -Col. Bell, late 
56th Regiment and A. P. D., and has 
issue: — Charles William Edmund, bom 27th 
January, 1904. 



322 FAMILY OF DR. GEORGE BUCHANAN OF FINTONA 

(5) Rev. Louis George Buchanan, M.A., 
Vicar of St. Luke's Wimbledon, Surrey, 
bom 5th March, 187 1; married i8th 
December, 1907, Violet Theodora, only 
daughter of Major Loftus Corbett Single- 
ton, 92nd Gordon Highlanders. 

1. Emily Buchanan, unmarried. 

2. Helen Mary Buchanan, married 
7th April, 1 89 1, Herbert Williams, and 
has issue: — Evelyn Mary and Emily 
PhyUis. 

3. Annie Gamble Buchanan, died in 
infancy. 

5. James A. Buchanan, died abroad, un- 
married. 

1. Anna Maria Buchanan, bom 15th July, 
1823; married in 1841, Thomas Wood, of 
Enniskillen; died 2nd October, 1850, and 
had issue: — 

(i) Isabella Wood, unmarried, of 
Dublin. 

(2) John Wood, married Eleanor Brad- 
ford, of Dundalk, and died in 1887, leaving 
issue: — Maud, Arthur and Edwin. 

2. Emily Buchanan, bom 23rd April, 
1825; married 15th June, 1852, John Eccles 
Hamilton, Surgeon, R.N., and died in 1895, 
leaving issue: — 

(i) John Robert Hamilton, M.D., bom 
24th August, 1857; died 4th April, 1883. 
(2) Alfred James Hamilton, Surgeon, 



FAMILY OF DR. GEORGE BUCHANAN OP PINTONA 323 

Tasmania, bom ist January, 1861 ; married 
31st March, 1898, Alice Geoghegan. 

(3) Alexander Hamilton, Colonel In- 
dian Army, bom 27th February, 1862; 
married 22nd January, 1903, Mary Agnes 
Cunliffe, and has issue : — Cicely and George 
Frederick. 

(4) George Hamilton, solicitor, bom 
8th April, 1863; died 7th May, 1893. 

(5) Claude Hamilton, Major Indian 
Army, born 2nd September, 1864; married 
26th March, 1898, Ethel Dodgson. 

(6) Emily Hariette Hamilton, married 
6th October, 1897, James Gaisford, late 
Captain Indian Army, and has issue: — 
Emily, born i6th September, 1899; died 
14th March, 1900; Thomas, bom nth 
November, 1902, died July, 1907, and 
George, bom November, 1906. 

3. Margaret Georgina Buchanan, born 

17th January, 1830; married i6th September, 

185 1, John Nelis, of Omagh, and had issue: — 

(i) James Alexander Nelis, bom 22nd 

May, 1854; became M.B., Dublin University; 

ini9oi he retired as Lieut. -Colonel in I. M. S. ; 

in 1 90 1 married Anna Thomhill, daughter of 

Cudbert B. Thomhill, C.S. I., India Civil 

Service. 

(2) Captain George Nelis, bom 20th 
Febmary, 1856, L.R.C.S., I. R. Army Medi- 
cal Corps; died 9th June, 1895, ^^ Bombay, 
unmarried. 



324 FAMILY OF DR. GKORGE BUCHANAN OF FINTONA 

(i) Emma Laura Nelis, married i8th 
March, 1873, ^^' Jol^i^ R- H. Sutton (he 
died 1 5 th December, 1907), and had issue: — 
Marguerite Eveline, married 3rd September, 
1907, Captain Hugh St. George Hamersley, 
R.A. ; Matilda, and Frederick Sutton, bom 
4th July, 1878, Captain, R.A. 
(2) Edith Harriette Nelis, unmarried. 
4. Harriet Buchanan, bom 22nd Decem- 
ber, 183 1 ; married in 1859, William Young, 
of Londonderry; died 31st January, 1876, 
and had issue : — 

(i) James Buchanan Young. 
(2) William George Young. 
(i) Amelia Harriet Young, married 
T. Minnice, of Londonderry, and had 
issue: — Louis and Violet. 

(2) Charlotte Young, married B. 
Robertson, LC.S., CLE., and had issue, 
Kathleen Beatrice. 

(3) Louise Margaret Young, died 
1897. 

(4) Sophie Margaret Young, B.A. 

(5) Maud EmmeHne Young. 

Xn. George Buchanan, of DubHn, born in 
1796, married Rebecca Harpur, and died in 1850, 
leaving a son George, who had a daughter, Anne. 

XIIL Hans Buchanan, bom in 1797, and 
died in 1799. 

XIV. Eliza Buchanan, died an infant. 



The Buchanans of Arnpryor. 



h 



The Buchanans of Arnpryor. 

I. John Buchanan, First Laird of Arnpryor, 
was the second son of Walter, fourth of {that 
name, Laird of Buchanan. He had also the 
lands of Gartartan and Brachem. " This* John 
Buchanan was termed," says Auchmar,^ ** King 
of Kippen " upon the following account: 

" King James V., a very sociable debonair 
prince, residing at Stirling, in Buchanan of Arn- 
pryor's time, carriers were frequently passing 
along the common road, being near Arnpryor's 
house, with necessaries for the use of the king's 
family, and he having on some extraordinary 
occasion, ordered one of these carriers to leave 
his load at his house, and he would pay him for 
it, which the carrier refused to do, telling him he 
was the king's carrier, and his load for his 
majesty's use, to which Arnpryor seemed to have 
small regard, compelling the carrier in the end to 
leave his load, telling him if king James was king 
of Scotland, he was king of Kippen, so that it 'was 
reasonable he should share with his neighbour king 
in some of these loads, so frequently carried that 
road. The carrier representing this usage, and 
telling the story as Arnpryor spoke it, to some of 
the king's servants, it came at length to his 
majesty's ears, who shortly thereafter with a iew 

X Auchmar, p. 203. 



328 THB BUCHANANS OF ARNPRYOR 

attendants came to visit his neighbour king, who 
was in the meantime at dinner. King James 
having sent a servant to demand access, was 
denied the same by a tall fellow, with a battle-ax, 
who stood porter at the gate, telling, there could 
be no access till dinner was over. This answer 
not satisfying the king, he sent to demand access 
a second time ; upon which he was desired by the 
porter to desist, otherwise he would find cause to 
repent his rudeness. His majesty finding this 
method would not do, desired the porter to tell 
his master, that the Good Man of Ballageich de- 
sired to speak with the king of Kippen. The 
porter telling Ampryor so much, he in all humble 
manner came and received the king, and having 
entertained him with much sumptuousness and 
jollity, became so agreeable to king James, that 
he allowed him to take so much of any provision 
he found carrying that road, as he had occasion 
for; and seeing he made the first visit, desired 
Ampryor in a few days to return him a second at 
Stirling, which he performed, and continued in 
very much favour with the king always thereafter, 
being termed king of Kippen while he lived." 

He married Dorothea Levingstoun and had two 
sons: — (i) Andrew, his successor, and (2) Duncan. 
** This brave gentleman," says Auchmar, "with 
** divers others of his name being killed at the 
" battle of Pinkie in Queen Mary's minority he 
"was succeeded by Andrew his eldest son."* 

2 Auchmar, p. 205. 



THE BUCHANANS OF ARNPRYOR 329 

II. Andrew Buchanan, of Ampryor, married 
Eupham Stirling, and had two sons, — (i) John, 
his successor, and (2) Walter, of Hilltoun, or 
Milntoun, of Bochlyvie, who married his cousin, 
Margaret, daughter and heiress of Duncan 
Buchanan of Brachem. He was killed at the 
** bloody conflict" of Glenfroon, which took 
place in 1603 between the Clan Gregor and the 
ancient family of Colquhon of Luss, and left two 
sons, John and Andrew. John Buchanan, of 
Brachem, Cashlie and , Gartinstarrie, sold the 
lands of Brachem, in 1621. He married first 
Jonet Buchanan, by whom he had, (i) Duncan, 
his successor; secondly, Isobel Leckie, by whom 
he had, (2) Jonet, married James Buchanan, 
fiar of Spittal; thirdly, Helen Forgie, by whom 
he had, (3) Andrew Buchanan, of Ballochneck, 
and (4) Elizabeth, married to Duncan Buchanan, 
of Harperstoun. Duncan Buchanan, of Cashlie 
and Gartinstarrie, who sold Cashlie in 1658, 
married Katharine Napier, and had two sons: 
(i) John, and (2) Andrew, who acquired the 
lands of Nenbolg and Provanstoun. John 
Buchanan, of Gartinstarrie, had two sons: (i) 
James Buchanan, who succeeded his father, and 
(2) John Buchanan, maltman, in Glasgow. 

III. John Buchanan, of Ampryor, married 
Isabella Shaw, and died in 1598. He had: (i) 
John, his successor; (2) Andrew; (3) Mr. David 
Buchanan, " a gentleman of great learning: he 
" flourished in the latter part of the reign of king 



330 THE BUCHANANS OF ARNPRYOR 

" James VI., and beginning of the reign of king 
** Charles I. He wrote a large Natural History, 
** which was not completed at the author's death, 
*' and therefore never printed, to the great 
" loss of the learned and curious. He wrote 
" also a large etymologicon of all the shires, 
** cities, rivers and mountains in Scotland, which 
" was printed, though not in many hands;" ^ and 
(4) Mr. William Buchanan. 

IV. John Buchanan, of Ampryor, who sold 
his estate Ampryor in 1624 to William Buchanan, 
third son of Thomas Buchanan of Carbeth, and 
went to Ireland, where he was killed by the Irish 
in 1 64 1. He married Margaret Levingstoune, 
and had: (i) Captain William Buchanan, "a 

* gentleman of very much courage, and of the 

* greatest art and dexterity in managing a sword 
' of any of his time. He killed an Italian in 

* Dublin, in the presence of the lord lieutenant, 

* and other nobility of that kingdom ; the same 

* Italian having gone through most nations in 

* Europe, always having had the victory of all 
' he encountered with. Captain William, being 

* one of Buchanan's captains at Ennerkeithing, 
' a certain English officer, when the two armies 

* advanced near to one another, stept forth, and 
' challenged any of the Scottish army to ex- 
' change a few blows with him. The challenge 
' was accepted by captain William, who, though 
' a very little man of person, did in a trice kill 

I Auchmar, page 310. 



THE BUCHANANS OP ARNPRYOR 33 1 

*' that English champion. This captain William 
" resided mostly in Ireland, in which kingdom 
'* his progeny continued;"^ and (2) David 
Buchanan; (i) Dorothy Buchanan, who was 
twice married, firstly, to Robert Buchanan, ser- 
geant of the King's wine cellar, and had two daugh- 
ters, Jean and Mary, both married in Ireland; 
secondly to Captain Hublethom, Governor of 
Waterford, by whom she had a son, Captain 
Hublethom, and some daughters; (2) Alice, mar- 
ried to William Buchanan, of Drumbeg, and had 
issue; and (3) Anna, married to Edward Cun- 
ningham, of Finnick Drummond. 

I Auchmar, page 206. 



The Buchanans of Lenny, 



I 



The Buchanans of Lenny. 



I. John Buchanan, First Laird of Lenny, 
son of Sir Walter Buchanan, who married, about 
1392, Janet de Lenny and had two sons: (i) 
Andrew, his successor; (2) William, ancestor 
of the Buchanans of Auchineden. 

IL Andrew Buchanan, of Lenny, 1458, mar- 
ried Marion, daughter of Lockhart of Barr, and 
had issue: (i) John, his successor; (2) Archibald; 
(3) Walter, ancestor of the Buchanans of Bochas- 
tel, from whom was descended John Buchanan, 
merchant in Glasgow;^ (4) Walter; (5) George, 
ancestor of the Buchanans in Campsie and Bal- 
dernock;^ (6) Gilbert, vicar of Lenny and Canon 
of Inchmahome. 

in. John Buchanan, of Lenny, married 
Marion, daughter of the laird of Mushet, and had 
(i) Robert, his successor; and (2) John. 

IV. Robert Buchanan, of Lenny, married 
a daughter of the laird of Gleneagles, and had 
(i) Patrick, his successor; (2) John, killed at 
Flodden, 15 13; (3) Robert, married Marion 
Graham, daughter of the Earl of Menteith (about 
1520) and had two sons, John, who succeeded 
his uncle Patrick, fifth laird; and Robert, who 
succeeded his brother John as seventh laird. 

I Sec page 347- 
a See page 385. 



336 THE BUCHANANS OF LENNY 

V. Patrick Buchanan, of Lenny (1505), 
married a daughter of Semple of Fulwood and 
left no male issue. He was succeeded by his 
nephew, 

VI. John Buchanan, of Lenny, who was 
killed at the battle of Pinkie, 1547, leaving no 
issue, and was succeeded by his brother, 

VIL Robert Buchanan, of Lenny, married, 
first, Janet Graham, daughter of Patrick Graham 
of Inchbrakie; secondly, Barbara, daughter of 
the laird of Mushet, and had issue: (i) John, 
who died young; (2) Robert, his successor; (3) 
Sir John Buchanan of Scotscraig, married Mar- 
garet Hartysyde, but left no male issue, his 
estate going with a daughter of his to a son of 
the Earl of Marr; (4) James Buchanan, of Shirra- 
hall, Orkney, who had a son Thomas, who sold 
Shirrahall, and had three sons, Arthur, John 
and WilHam, and a daughter, Margaret, married 
to John Buchanan, of Ballacondochie. 

VI I L Robert Buchanan, of Lenny, married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Stirling of Ardoch, died 
in 161 5, and had : (i) Robert, his successor; (2) 
John, married Agnes, daughter of Barclay of 
Towie, and had John, who became the eleventh 
laird, and Katherine; (3) George, murdered 
by the Drummonds near the Kirk of Buchanan 
in 1638. 

IX. Robert Buchanan, of Lenny, married 
Katharine Campbell, daughter of the laird of 
Lawers, by whom he had a son Robert. His 



THE BUCHANANS OF LENNY 337 

widow married, secondly, John Buchanan, first 
of Ampryor, of the second line.^ 

X. Robert Buchanan, of Lenny, died with- 
out male issue and was succeeded by his cousin, 
John Buchanan, son of John Buchanan, second 
son of Robert Buchanan, eighth laird of Lenny 
by Elizabeth Stirling. 

XL John Buchanan, of Lenny, married, 
1666, Jean, daughter of John Macfarlane of that 
Ilk, and had: (i) John, married, about 1690, 
Mary, daughter of John Lennox, of Woodhead, 
died s.p. before his father; (2) Henry, who suc- 
ceeded his father; (3) Robert, died young, and a 
daughter Mary. 

XI L Henry Buchanan, of Lenny, married, 
first, about 1696, Janet, daughter of John 
Buchanan of that Ilk; secondly, Katherine, 
daughter of Campbell of Lawers, and died in 
1723. By his first wife he had: (i) John, died 
unmarried; (2) Colin, died unmarried 1734; (3) 
James died s.p. ; (4) Robert, succeeded his brother, 
married, first, a daughter of Archibald McAulay, 
Provost of Edinburgh ; secondly, Christian, daugh- 
ter of Buchanan of Spittal, and died s.p. 1739; 
(5) Elizabeth, married Francis Buchanan of 
Ampryor, succeeded her brother Robert, and 
died s.p. 1776; (6) Margaret Buchanan, of Lenny, 
having succeeded her sister Elizabeth, died un- 
married. By his second wife, he had: (i) Henry, 
died s.p. ; (2) John, died s. p. ; (3) Lilias, died s.p. ; (4) 

I See the Buchanans of Arnprior (second family), page 347. 



338 THE BUCHANANS OF LENNY 

Jean, married Patrick Drummond, of Drummond ; 
(5) Katherine, married Thomas Buchanan, after- 
wards of Spittal and died s.p. On the death 
of Margaret Buchanan of Lenny, Thomas 
Buchanan of Spittal succeeded to Lenny. He 
had married, secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of 
John Hamilton of Bardowie, and by her had 
among other children, Francis Buchanan-Hamil- 
ton, who succeeded to Spittal, Lenny and Bar- 
dowie. He was descended on his mother's side 
from Andrew Buchanan, second laird of Lenny. 
Francis Buchanan-Hamilton married Anne 
Brock, by whom he left, on his decease in 1829, 
one son John Buchanan-Hamilton, who died 
in 1903.^ 

I See the Buchanans of Spittal, page 289. 



The Buchanans of Auchineden, 



The Buchanans of Auchineden. 



From William Buchanan, First Laird of 
Auchineven or Auchineden, second son of John 
Buchanan, first Laird of Lenny, living in 1463, 
was descended, 

John Buchanan, 7th Laird of Auchineven, 
who succeeded his father in 1580, and had three 
sons: (i) Walter, his successor; (2) Dugald, who 
went to Ireland; (3) John, deacon of the baxters 
of Glasgow, who had a son who married Marion 
Watson, and had Katharine, married to Wil- 
liam Anderson, Glasgow; Elizabeth, married to 
George Dalziell, Glasgow, and Mariota, married 
to Robert Buchanan of Ampryor. 

Walter Buchanan, 8th Laird of Auchineden, 
married a daughter of Edmonstone of Ballewan 
and had: — (i) John, his successor; (2) Walter, 
who had among other issue, Walter Buchanan, 
maltman of Glasgow, whose son, Andrew 
Buchanan, had two sons. Reverend Walter 
Buchanan, D.D., of Edinburgh, bom 1755, died 
1832; and Andrew Buchanan, merchant in Glas- 
gow, who married Margaret, daughter of James 
Cockbum, W. S., Edinburgh. This Andrew Bu- 
chanan had a son, Walter Buchanan, of Shan- 
don, bom 1797, M.P. for Glasgow from 1857 to 
1865, and died in 1883; married in 1824, first, 



342 run BUCHANANS OF AUCHINEDBN 

Mary, daughter of John Hamilton of Middleton, 
by whom he had a daughter, Ellen, first wife 
of Charles Wilsone Broun of Castle Wemyss, 
afterwards of Swinfen Hall, Staffordshire; 
secondly, in 185 1, Christina Laura, daughter of 
James Smith of Jordanhill, by whom he had 
a daughter, Christina Laura, who married her 
cousin, James George Smith, youngest son of 
William Smith, of Carbeth-Guthrie, and has 
issue. 

John Buchanan, 9th Laird of Auchineden, 
(1668) married Elizabeth Crawford, daughter 
of James Crawford, of Partick, and had: (i) 
John, and (2) Walter Buchanan, writer in Glasgow, 
who acquired the lands of Teucerhill in Govan 
parish, and married about 17 10, Janet, daughter 
of John Leckie of Mye, by whom he had a son, 
John Buchanan of Teucherhill, who died s.p., 
and a daughter Elizabeth, who succeeded her 
brother and married, first, in 1736, Alexander 
Buchanan of Cremannan, by whom she had 
Walter, Alexander and Janet; secondly, in 1747, 
as his second wife, John Buchanan of Ardoch, 
and had a daughter Frances, married to John 
Maxwell of Dargaval. 

John Buchanan, loth Laird of Auchineden, 
married a daughter of Graham of Killeam, and 
had a son John, his successor. 

John Buchanan, nth Laird of Auchine- 
den, married Katrine, daughter of Graham of 
Killeam, and had John and Margaret. " He 



THie BUCHANANS OF AUCHINEDEN 343 

'* was a subscriber to Auchmar's book in 1723, 
*' and was present at the meeting, on the 5th 
"March, 1725, when the Buchanan Society of 
"Glasgow was founded."^ 

John Buchanan, 12th Laird of Auchineden, 
was a merchant in Jamaica. He was admitted, 
in 1 761, a member of the Buchanan Society. 
He died s.p., and was succeeded, in 1769, by his 
sister, Margaret Buchanan, who sold the estate 
in 1 77 1. 



1 Strathendrick, page 298. 



i 



The Buchanans of Arnprior. 
(SECOND FAMILY.) 



The Buchanans of Arnprior. 



(Second Family.) 

The Estate of Arnprior was held by two 
families of Buchanan at different times. The 
last Laird of the first line was John Buchanan, 
who sold Arnprior, in 1624, to William Buchanan, 
third son of Thomas Buchanan of Carbeth. 

Walter Buchanan, who acquired Arnprior, 
was a writer in Edinburgh. He married Agnes 
Rig and died in 163 1. He had besides a son 
William, who probably died in infancy, two 
daughters, Margaret and Elizabeth, who sold 
Arnprior in 1637 to John Buchanan, eldest son 
of Walter Buchanan of Auchlessie and Bochastel, 
who thus became the first of the second family 
of Arnprior. 

John Buchanan, of Arnprior, married first, a 
daughter of Halden of Enterkine, by whom he 
had a son, Robert, his successor; secondly, 
Katherine Campbell, widow of Robert Buchanan 
of Lenny. He was living in 1688. 

Robert Buchanan, of Arnprior, advocate, was 
married twice; first, to Mariota, daughter of 
John Buchanan of Glasgow; secondly, to Mar- 
garet Muirhead, by whom he had a son, Francis, 
his successor; and a daughter Jean, who married 
John McNab of McNab, who had a son Archibald 



348 THB BUCHANANS OF ARNPRIOR 

McNab. This Archibald McNab,^ who was an 
extraordinary character, was bom in 1 781, went to 
Upper Canada in 1823, and obtained from the 
Government the grant of a township (afterwards 
called Township of McNab) on the Ottawa River, 
for the purpose of establishing a settlement of 
his clansmen and others from the Highlands of 
Scotland. In 1831, the Chief met two young 
men in Montreal, George and Andrew Buchanan, 
whom he induced to settle in the township and 
build mills. As the Chief*s grandfather on his 
mother's side was Buchanan of Amprior, and 
he claimed his two new friends as kinsmen, he 
suggested that the new town be called Amprior, 
which it was, and on the site then chosen, the 
flourishing town of Amprior stands to-day. 
After many vicissitudes, '* The McNab " left 
Canada, and settled in the village of Lanion, in 
France, where he died in i860. 

Francis Buchanan, of Amprior, married Eliza- 
beth, daughter and heiress of Henry Buchanan 
of Lenny. He was attainted and executed at 
Carlisle, 1 8th October, 1746, for his participation 
in the Rebellion of " '45." 



I From the report of a lecture on " The McNab," delivered by 
Mr. James Craig, terrister of Renfrew, Ontario, before the Montreal 
Caledonian Society in 1897. 



The Buchanans of Powis. 



V 



The Buchanans of Powis. 



The family of Buchanan of Powis, near Stir- 
Hng, was descended from Sir Arthur Buchanan, 
of Auchlessie, second son of Walter Buchanan, 
of Bochastel, and brother of John Buchanan, of 
Ampryor. 

Sir Arthur Buchanan, of Auchlessie, married 
Margaret Drummond, and had among others: — 
James Buchanan, his successor, who married 
Elizabeth Stewart, and had: — (i) Arthur; (2) 
James, died unmarried, and (3) Duncan Buchanan* 
his successor. 

Duncan Buchanan, of Auchlessie, married 
Grizel Robertson, and had three sons: — (i) Alex- 
ander, his successor, who was taken prisoner at 
Culloden and tried, but acquitted on account of 
his extreme youth ; died unmarried; (2) Walter, 
died unmarried, and (3) John, of Arnpryor. 

John Buchanan, of Auchlessie and Ampryor* 
succeeded his brother Alexander, and in 1758, 
when the forfeited estates were restored, received 
Strathyre, which was a part of the estate of his 
cousin, Buchanan of Ampryor, and had been for- 
feited on his attainder in 1746, he being the heir 
male of the family of Ampryor, since which time 
this branch has been designated of Ampryor. 
He married about 177 1-2, Murray Kynynmound, 



352 THE BUCHANANS OF POWIS 

daughter of Patrick Edmondstone, of Newton, 
and died in 1817, leaving three sons: — (i) Alex- 
ander Buchanan, of Ampryor, Captain in the 39th 
Regiment, his successor, who died in 1845, leaving 
an only son, Alexander Buchanan, who died in 
1848, whose daughter, Catherine Elizabeth Grace, 
married, in 1869, John Baillie BailHe-Hamilton, 
who assumed the surname of Buchanan before 
Baillie-Hamilton. John Buchanan-Baillie-Hamil- 
ton of Ampryor, Perthshire, J.P., D.L., and Com- 
missioner of Supply for Perthshire, who was the 
second son of Gerard Baillie Hamilton by Augusta, 
daughter of the late Col. Henry Anderson Mors- 
head of Widey Court, Devon, was bom in 1837 
and died in 1908, at Cambusmore, Callander, 
Perthshire, having had issue : Alexander Walter, 
bom and died in 1872 ; John Edmondstone, bom 
1874; Arthur, Captain Seaforth Highlanders, bom 
1876, married in 1906, Ina Erskine, daughter of 
Sir Malcolm McNeill of Edinburgh; Morshead, 
Lieut. R.N., bom 1878; Neil Alexander, Lieut. 
Black Watch, bom 1880; Elizabeth; Nannie 
Katherine and Grizel Baillie; (2) Thomas, and 
(3) James Edmondstone Buchanan, Captain 3rd 
Foot Guards, killed in action at Talavera, 
in 1809. 

Thomas Buchanan, H.E.LC.S., who purchased 
Powis, was bom in 1774; married, in 181 1, Cath- 
erine, daughter of Lieut. -General Sir Ralph 
Abercrombie, K.B., and died in 1842, leaving 
issue: — (i) John, of Powis, and of Newton, co. 



THE BUCHANANS OF POWIS 353 

Perth, to which estate he succeeded in 1857; 
(2) Ralph Abercrombie, Lieut. R.N., died un- 
married in 1855; (3) James John Abercrombie, 
died in 1837; and (4) Alexander, Lieut. 79th 
Highlanders, who married, in 1850, Lady Grierson, 
and d.s.p., in 1855. 

John Buchanan, of Powis, bom 13th October, 
181 2; married 17th July, 1837, Harriet, eldest 
daughter of Joseph Nimmo, H.E.LC.S., Bombay, 
and died i8th March, 1891, having had issue: — 
(i) Thomas Alexander Buchanan, of Powis; (2) 
Ralph Edmondstone, late Capt. 59th Regiment, 
bom ist August, 1846; (3) James Kynynmound 
Edmondstone, bom 25th March, 1849; (4) John, 
bom 19th July, 1851; (5) Francis Charles, bom 
8th December, 1852; (i) Catherine Aimee, died 
young; (2) EHzabeth Grace, and (3) Annie 
Harriet. 

Thomas Alexander Buchanan, of Powis, late 
Captain H.M. Indian Army, was bom 26th March, 
1842; married 3rd May, 1873, Mary Anne, daugh- 
ter of the late W. Griffiths, and has issue: — (i) 
Ralph Alexander Edmondstone, bom 26th July, 
1875; (2) Archibald, bom i6th December, 1882, 
and (i) Olivia Evelyn. 



The Buchanans of Gartacharne. 



The Buchanans of Gartacharne. 



I. Alexander Buchanan, First Laird of Garta- 
charne (or Gartocham), had two sons: (i) Andrew 
Buchanan, his successor; and (2) George Bu- 
chanan, who had three sons, John, who went 
abroad, Alexander, and William, who settled 
in Edinburgh. 

" The small Estate, a portion of the five-pound 
*' lands of Gartacharne, in the Barony of Eden- 
** bellie," says Strathendrick, '' has been held in 
*' property for more than two hundred years by 
** a family of Buchanans, whose ancestor was 
** Walter Buchanan, of Glenny, a cadet of Bu- 
** chanan of Leny, one of the oldest branches of 
** Buchanans of that Ilk." (Strathendrick^ page 
803.) 

II. Andrew Buchanan, of Gartacharne, the eld- 
est son of Alexander Buchanan, ist Laird of Garta- 
charne, who is mentioned in a Charter from 
Archibald, Lord Napier, in 1673, had two sons: — 
(i) Alexander Buchanan, his successor; and (2) 
George Buchanan, of Buchanan House, ancestor 
of the Buchanans of Auchintorlie, Drumpellier 
and Craigend. 

III. Alexander Buchanan, of Gartacharne, 
who married, in 1676, Margaret, eldest daughter 
of Walter Buchanan, of Meikle Balquhane, and 
died in 1695. He had three sons: — (i) Walter 



358 THS BUCHANANS OF GARTACHARNE 

Buchanan, who died before 1712, and was suc- 
ceeded by his brother; (2) George Buchanan; 
and (3) Thomas Buchanan, Uving in 17 12. 

IV. George Buchanan, of Gartachame, who 
married before 1725, Elizabeth Buchanan, and 
died before 1740. He had issue: — (i) Alexander 
Buchanan, his successor; (2) George Buchanan, 
bom in 1727; (3) George Buchanan, bom in 1730, 
who married, in 1755, Janet, daughter of George 
Buchanan, of Gartincaber; (4) Agnes Buchanan, 
bom in 1723, married in 1750, Robert Buchanan, 
of Ballintone; (5) Mary Buchanan, bom in 1733, 
married, in 1760, Duncan McGrigor, of Dukehouse. 

V. Alexander Buchanan, of Gartachame, suc- 
ceeded to that Estate before 1740, and was living 
in 1779. He married, first, Elizabeth McAlister, 
and by her had issue: — (i) George Buchanan, 
bom in 1740; (2) James Buchanan, bom in 1742; 
(3) Alexander Buchanan, who succeeded to the 
Estate; (4) Thomas Buchanan, bom in 1756; (i) 
Janet, bom in 1748, married, in 1767, to John 
Miller, of Hillhead, Kilmamock; (2) EUzabeth, 
bom in 1750, married, in 1770, to John Livingstone 
of Baldeamock, co. Stirling; and (3) Mary, born 
in 1759. 

Alexander Buchanan, of Gartachame, married, 
secondly, in 1763, Janet, widow of William Bu- 
chanan, of Douchlage, Drymen, who was living 
in 1770, and by her had issue: — (5) Walter Bu- 
chanan, of whom hereafter, and two daughters, 
Mary, bom in 1764, and Margaret, bom in 1767. 



THE BUCHANANS OF GARTACHARNE 359 

VI. Alexander Buchanan, of Gartachame, 
bom in 1744, married in 1771, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Gilbert Ware, of Barachan, New Kilpatrick, 
and died in 18 10, being succeeded by his son, 

VII. Thomas Buchanan, of Gartachame, who 
married Agnes Buchanan, of Ballindore, and had 
a son, 

VIII. Alexander Buchanan, of Gartachame, 
bom in 181 7, married Mary, daughter of Hugh 
McCallum, of Douchlage, and died in 1893, having 
had issue: — Alexander Buchanan, now of Garta- 
chame; John Buchanan, Thomas Buchanan, and 
three daughters. 

Walter Buchanan, of Southend, co. Argyle, 
fifth son of Alexander Buchanan, 5th Laird of 
Gartachame, was bom in 1770, married in 1798, 
Elizabeth Speir, of Bridge of Weir, co. Renfrew 
(who died in 1827), and died on the 27th Feb- 
ruary, 1855, having had among other issue: — 

(I.) Patrick (or Peter) Buchanan, of Dun- 
dee, in the Province of Quebec, Canada; 
bom ist May, 1803; went to Canada, in 18 18, 
and settled at Dundee. He married, on 
the nth August, 1825, Lucy Baker (who 
died in 1856), and died on the 9th March, 
1873, at Dundee, having had issue: — 

I. Elizabeth Spiers Buchanan, born 
1828, married about 1853, Thomas Caver- 
hill, of Montreal, and died 1904, having 
had issue: — (i) Frank Caverhill, of Mont- 
real, married Charlotte Rosalind Harrison, 



360 THE BUCHANANS OF GARTACHARNE 

and died in 1899, leaving issue: — Rosalind 
Florence, married to Geoffrey L. Mander, 
of Wolverhampton, England; Jessie Bea- 
trice Harrison and Frances Buchanan; 
(2) Jane Caverhill, died unmarried; (3) 
Walter Caverhill, died in youth ; (4) George 
Caverhill, of Montreal, bom in 1858, mar- 
ried Emily Margaret Caverhill, and has 
issue, Marjorieand George Rutherfurd; (5) 
John Buchanan Caverhill, of Montreal, 
married Jenny B. Irving, and has issue, 
Thomas and Jessy Irving; (6) Jessy Caver- 
hill, married J. Alexander Hutchison, M.D„ 
of Montreal, and died in 1899, leaving issue. 

2. Margaret Buchanan, bom 1830, died 

1847. 

3. Walter Buchanan, bom 1832. 

4. James John Buchanan, bom 1835^ 
and died 1888. He married twice, and 
had issue: — (i) Spiers, bom 1862; (2) John, 
bom 1867; (3) James George, bom 1871, 
died 1872; (i) Etta; (2) Anna, married 
Alexander G. Cross, K.C., of Montreal, 
now puisne judge of the Court of King's 
Bench for the Province of Quebec, and 
died 1899; (3) Elizabeth; (4) Elsie; (5) 
Margaret, died 1889; (6) Jessie; (7) Ethel 
Cote, died 1895; (8) Jane Sema. 

5. Janet Buchanan, bom 1836, and 
died immarried, 1908. 



THE BUCHANANS OF GARTACHARNE 36 1 

6. Lucy Anna Buchanan, bom 1838, 
and died 1856. 

7. Patrick (Peter) Buchanan, of Dun- 
dee, bom in 1839, and died in 1909, at 
Dundee, without issue. 

(II.) Walter Buchanan, of Lower Bebing- 
ton, CO. Chester; bom 22nd October, 181 1; 
married 22nd August, 1854, Mary, eldest 
daughter of John Lewthwaite, of Broadgate, 
Milton, CO. Cumberland, and by her (who 
died in 1890) had issue: — 

1. Maclver Buchanan, of Bedford Gar- 
dens, Kensington, London, bom 14th April, 
1863, unmarried. 

2. Marian, unmarried. 

3. Edith Elizabeth, unmarried. 

4. Eleanor Tory, unmarried. 



Carrick- Buchanans of Drumpellier. 



Carrick- Buchanans of Drumpellier/ 



The family of Carrick-Buchanan, of Drum- 
pellier, is a branch, descended from Alexander 
Buchanan, 5th in descent from John of Lenny, 
3rd son of John Buchanan, Laird of Buchanan. 
This Alexander Buchanan had two sons, John, 
his successor, and Walter Buchanan, first Laird 
of Glenny, whose grandson, Captain James Bu- 
chanan, succeeded to the Estate, but dying in 
France without issue, he was succeeded by his 
uncle, Alexander Buchanan, of Gartachame, the 
second son of Walter Buchanan, of Glenny. 

Alexander Buchanan, of Gartacharne,^ had 
two sons, Andrew Buchanan, of Gartachame, 
and George Buchanan. 

Andrew Buchanan, of Gartachame, had two 
sons, Alexander Buchanan of Gartachame, and 
George Buchanan. 

George Buchanan, of Buchanan House, Glas- 
gow, J. P., the second son of Andrew Buchanan, 
of Gartachame, was a Magistrate and Merchant 
in that City, Treasurer of Glasgow, 1690, and 
bore arms at Bothwell Bridge, for which he was 
outlawed. He married, in 1685, Mary, daughter 



I Burke's Landed Gentry. 

a See Buchanans of Gartachame, page 357. 



366 CARRICK-BUCHANANS OF DRUMPELUER 

of Gabriel Maxwell, and by her had four sons and 
one daughter. 

George Buchanan, bom 1686, who became 
Treasurer of Glasgow in 1726, and Baillie in 1732, 
and with his brothers Andrew, Neil and Archibald, 
were the original promoters of the Buchanan 
Society in that city. He was three times married. 
His third wife was the daughter of Sir John Forbes i 
Bart., of Foveran, and had four sons and two 
daughters. He died in 1 7 73, and was succeeded by 
his eldest son, 

Andrew Buchanan, of Buchanan House, 
Glasgow, bom 1725; married, first, 1755, Agnes, 
daughter of Arthur Robertson, by whom (who 
died 1769) he had, among others, issue: — 

(1) George, bom 1758; married, 1795, at 
Content, St. Georges, Jamaica, Jane Gorvie, 
and died 1826, having by her (who died 1815) 
had issue, among others: — 

George, bom 1801 ; married Anne, daugh- 
ter of H. Lorimore, R.M., and had a son, 
Arthur, bom 1835, married 1859, Anne 
EUzabeth, daughter of Rev. Dr. Martin, 
and died 1870, leaving Claud Alexander 
Francis John Buchanan, bom i860; Andrew 
James, died 1834; George Alexander, d.s.p., 
1840; and Mary Robertson. 

Andrew, bom 1807, died 1878, in 
Jamaica, leaving a daughter, Edith, who 
married, in 1857, Alexander Clerk, son of 
Sir G. Clerk, Bart. 



CARRICK-BUCHANANS OF DRUMPELLIKR 367 

Robertson, bom 1810, d.s.p. 
Elizabeth Sheriffe, married Robert Rtis- 
seU. 

Catherine, died 18 13. 

Agnes Jane, married Rev. T. Hugo. 

(2) Andrew, bom 1765. 

(3) William, born 1766, died s.p. 

(4) Robertson, bom 1769, died 18 16. 
Andrew Buchanan married, secondly, Janet, 

daughter of Hugh Niven, and by her (who died 
1772) had issue, Hugh, bom 17 71. 

Andrew Buchanan married, thirdly, Frances, 
daughter of Alexander Innes, Surgeon of the 
Island of St. Christopher, and died 1783, having 
by her had issue: — John Oswald, bom 1780, 
Frances, Janet, Mary and Ann. 

11. Andrew Buchanan, of Drumpellier. 

HI. Neil Buchanan, of Hillington, co. Ren- 
frew, M.P. for the Glasgow District of burghs, 
whose male line is now extinct. 

IV. Archibald Buchanan, of Auchintorlie/ 
CO. Dumbarton. 

I. Mary, married George Buchanan, of Moss 
and Auchintoshan, co. Dumbarton. 

Andrew Buchanan, of Drumpellier,^ co. Lanark, 
second son of George Buchanan, born 1690; Dean 



1 See Buchanans of Auchintorlie, page 375. 

2 His name appears in McUrc's list of the " First Merchant 
Adventurers at Sea " ( View of the City of Glasgow, p. joq), and by his 
trade with Virginia, where he hail a tobacco plantation, he became 
one of the wealthiest citizens of his day. In 17 3$ he piffchased the 
estate U Drumpellier, Lanarkshire, and the older portion of Drum- 



368 CARRICK-BUCHANANS OF DRUMPELLIER 

of Guild, 1728-9; married, first, 1723, Marion 
Montgomerie, of Boutrehill, and, secondly, Eliza- 
beth Binning. He died 1759, having, by his 
first wife, had issue (with five daughters) two 
sons : — 

1. James Buchanan, married Margaret, 
daughter of the Hon. John Hamilton, son 
of Thomas, Earl of Haddington, and by her 
had a son, who died unmarried, and several 
daughters, of whom Helen married Admiral 
Sir George Hume, Bart. 

2. George Buchanan, of Mount Vernon, 
CO. Lanark (which he purchased in 1758), 
bom 1728; married 1750, Lillias, daughter 
of James Dunlop, of Gaukirk, and died 1762, 
having had issue. He was succeeded by his 
eldest son, Andrew Buchanan, of Movmt 



pellier house was built by hira in 1736. Adjoining Glasgow he 
purchased three small properties in what was then known as the 
" Long Croft," the first purchase being made in 17 19, the second in 
1732, and the third in 1740 (Glas^ow^ Past and Present, 11. ig6.) 
Through his grounds he opened an avenue for gentlemen's houses, 
which he named Virginia Street, and he planned a town house for 
himself called Virginia Mansion, which he did not live to complete. 
Along with his three brothers he founded in 1 725 the Buchanan Society 
for the assistance of apprentices and support of widows of the name 
of Buchanan. He was also one of the original partners of the Ship 
Bank, founded in 1750. He was elected dean of guild in 1728, and 
lord provost in 1740. When after the battle of Prestonpans, John 
Hay, quartermaster of the Pretender, arrived at Glasgow with a 
letter dem.anding the loan of £15,000, Buchanan and five others were 
chosen commissioners to treat with him and succeeded in obtaining 
a reduction to £5,500. (Memorabilia of Glasgow, p. 361.) On account 
of his zeal in raising new levies on behalf of the government, Buchanan 
made himself so obnoxious to the rebels that in December, 1745, a 
special levy of £500 was made on him under threats of plundering 
his house, to which he replied " they might plunder his house it 
they pleased, but he would not pay one farthing." (Scots Mag., 
VIJI^jo.) Dictionary of National Biography. 



CARRICK-BUCHANANS OF DRUMPELUER 369 

Vernon, bom 1755, and d.s.p. 1795, when he 

was succeeded by his brother: 
David Buchanan, of Drumpellier and Mount 
Vernon, who took the additional surname of Car- 
rick on being left property by Robert Carrick, 
banker of Glasgow, and purchased back Drumpel- 
lier from his cousin, Robert Sterling. He was 
born in 1760; married 1788, Marion, daughter of 
James Gilliam, of Mount Alta, Virginia, and died 
1827, leaving issue by her (who died in 1800) : — 

1. Robert Carrick-Buchanan. 

2. Andrew Buchanan, of Greenfield, co. 
Lanark, J. P. and D.L., born 1799; married 
1826, Bethia Hamilton, daughter of William 
Ramsay, of Gogar, and died 1879, having 
had:— 

(i) David WilHam Ramsay Carrick- 
Buchanan, of Drumpellier and Mount 
Vernon. 

(2) Hamilton Ramsay Carrick-Buchan- 
an, born 1 840; married 1869, Isabella Brown, 
daughter of Robert Bell, of Stowe, Queens- 
land (who died 1904), and died 1901, having 
had issue: — Andrew Robert Hamilton, bom 
1869; David George, bom 1872; Francis 
Henry Theodore, bom 1873 ; James Gilliam, 
bom 1880; Wallis Vernon, bom 1881; and 
Bethia Isabel. 

(i) Bethia Hamilton, married 1853, Sir 
John Don Wauchope, of Edmondstone, 



37© CARRICK-BUCHANANS OF DRUMPELLIER 

Bart., and died on 20th February, 191 1, 
at Edinburgh, having had issue. 

(2) Elizabeth Mary, married 1850, An- 
drew Blackburn, of Killearn, who died 
1885, leaving issue. 

( 3 ) Sarah Mary Clothilde , married 1870, 
Thomas Dunlop Findlay, of Easterhill. 

(4) Frances Susan Cecile, died 1895, 
unmarried. 

1. Elizabeth Belsches, married 181 7» 
Robert Graham, M.D. 

2. Marion, married 18 18, John Hay, 
R.N., of Morton. 

Robert Carrick-Buchanan, of Drumpellier, born 
1797; married 1824, Sarah Maria Clothilde, eldest 
daughter of Sir Joseph Wallis Hoare, Bart., of 
Annabelle, co. Cork, by Lady Harriett O'Bryen, 
and died 1844, having had issue: — (i) David 
Carrick Robert, late of Drumpellier; (2) Walhs 
O'Bryen Hastings, 92nd Highlanders, born 1826, 
married in 1853, Anna Henrietta, daughter of 
Albany Savile, of Oakhampton Park, North 
Devon, and d.s.p., 1855, ^^ Alexandria; (3) George, 
bom 1827, Captain Scots Greys, died 1863, un- 
married. 

Sir David Carrick Robert Carrick-Buchanan, 
K.C.B., J.P. and D.L., Lieut.-Col. 3rd and 4th 
Battalions Scottish Rifles, late Royal Regiment 
of Lanark Militia, born 1825; married 1849, 
Frances Jane, daughter of Anthony Lefroy, M.P., 
of Carrickglass, co. Longford (who died 2nd June, 



CARRICK-BUCHANANS OF DRUMPELUER 37 1 

191 1); died s.p., 1904, and was succeeded by his 
cousin, 

David William Ramsay Carrick-Buchanan, of 
Drumpellier and Corsewall, D. L. of Wigton, 
formerly Captain 2nd Royal Lanark Regiment, 
bom 1834; married, 1863, Lady Kathleen Alicia, 
daughter of the Earl of Donoughmore, and by 
her (who died 1892) had issue: — (i) Arthur Louis 
Hamilton, of Mount Vernon, Glasgow, Lieut. - 
Col. 3rd Battalion Gordon Highlanders, bom 1866, 
married 1903, Adeline Musgrave, daughter of 
Richard Musgrave Harvey, and has issue; (2) 
Nigel Francis William (Rev.), M.A., bom 1870, 
died 1904; (i) Kathleen Mary; and (2) Bethia 
Charlotte. 



The Buchanans of Auchintorlie. 



The Buchanans of Auchintorlie/ 



Archibald Buchanan, of Auchintorlie,^ co. Dum- 
barton, and of Hillington, co. Renfrew, purchased 
Auchintorhe from his brother Andrew, and suc- 
ceeded to Hillington on the death of his brother 
Neil. He married Martha, daughter of Peter 
Murdoch, of Rosehill, Renfrew, Provost of Glas- 
gow, and by her had issue : — 

1. Peter Buchanan, of Auchintorlie, mar- 
ried Catherine Maxwell, and died without 
issue. 

2. George Buchanan, who succeeded to 
Auchintorlie, and d.s.p. 



1 Burke's Landed Gentry. 

2 "Auchintorlie, or, as it was formerly called, Silverbanks, was 
in early times part of the barony of Erskine; but having been 
acquired by the Luss family, it was feued out in 1685 by Sir 
Humphrey Colquhon to John Colquhon, whose daughter Elizabeth, 
wife of Captain James Colquhon, sold it, in 1709, to Mungo 
Buchanan, W.S. From him it passed by purchase, in 1737, to 
Andrew Buchanan, of Drumpellier, who acquired at the same time 
Connalton, Chapelton, and Dunerbuck. These lands, with the excep- 
tion of the last mentioned, Andrew Buchanan subsequently sold to his 
brother Archibald, whose grandson Archibald acquired Dunerbuck, 
This Archibald, by his wife Mary, second daughter of Richard Dennis- 
toun, of Kelvingrove, had, besides other issue, Andrew, now of 
Auchintorlie, who has erected a fine new mansion on the property. 
Within the grounds of Auchintorlie are the remains of a building 
known as Tresmass Castle, occupying most probably the site of some 
encampment intended to overlook the line of defences established by 
the Romans between Kilpatrick, the reputed termination of the wall, 
and the forUess of Dumbarton." — Irving's History of Dumbartonshire, 
P- 479. 



\ 



376 THK BUCHANANS OF AUCHINTORLIE 

3. Andrew Buchanan, First of Ardin- 
connal.^ 

I. Mary, married Alexander Speirs, of 
Elderslie, co. Renfrew. 
Andrew Buchanan, of Ardinconnal, co. Dum- 
barton, and Auchingray, co. Lanark, J. P. and 
D.L., bom 1745; married 1769, Jane, daughter 
of James Dennistoun, of Colgrain and Dennistoun, 
and died, 1833, having had issue: — 

I. Archibald Buchanan, of Auchintorlie 
and Hillington, J. P. and D.L., bom 1773; 
married 18 16, Mary, daughter of Richard 
Dennistoun, of Kelvin Grove, co. Lanark 
(who died 1868), and died 1832, having had, 
among other issue: — 

Andrew Buchanan, of Auchintorlie, J. P. 
and D.L., born 181 7; married 1845, Mary 
Jemima Dundas Adamina, daughter of 
Sir James Fergusson, Bart., of Kilkerran, 
and d.s.p., 1886. 

Richard Dennistoun Buchanan, Captain 
72nd Highlanders, bom 1830, died un- 
married. 

Christian Alston, married Robert Meik- 
1am, and d.s.p., 1849. 



I " Laggarie and Ardinconnal were, in 1464, in the possession of 
Patrick McGregor, whose descendants, known as Stewarts, sold them 
in 161 7 to the McAulays of Ardincaple. At the breaking up of their 
estates, about the middle of last century, they fell into the hands of 
different proprietors, but were soon after re-united by Andrew 
Buchanan, who built a mansion house at Ardinconnal." — Irving's 
History of Dumbartonshire, p. 416. 



THE BUCHANANS OF AUCHINTORLIE 377 

Jane Dennistoun. 

Mary Dennistoun, died unmarried, 1870. 

Isabella Dennistoun. 

Georgina Grace, married, 1857, General 
George Hermand Fergusson, son of Sir 
James Fergusson, Bart., and died 1862. 
Their only son, George James Ferguson- 
Buchanan of Auchintorlie, J.P. and D.L., 
assumed, in 1890, the additional name of 
Buchanan on succeeding to Auchintorlie. 
He was bom in 1862: was A.D.C. to the 
Governor of Bombay, 1882-1885: served 
in the 2nd Battalion Scottish Fusiliers in 
the South African War: was Major Re- 
serve of Officers, and Lieut.-Col. 3rd 
Scots Fusiliers. He married in 1886, 
Grace, daughter of Claude B. Hamilton, 
J.P., of Barnes, co. Dumbarton, and has 
issue, two daughters, Noel Grace and 
Avril Nora. 

2. James Buchanan, of Blairvadock, who 
acquired Ardinconnal from his father in 181 1, 
and from whom it was purchased, in 1827, by 
Sir James Colquhon, of Luss. 

1. Jessie, married, 1800, James Menteith, 
of Craighead, and died 1801. 

2. Martha, married, 1801, George Mur- 
dock Yuille, of Cardross Park, co. Dumbarton. 

James Buchanan, of Blairvadock, Ardincon- 
nal, J.P. and D.L., co. Caithness, bom 1776; 
married 1805, Lady Janet Sinclair, daughter of 



378 THE BUCHANANS OF AUCHINTORUE 

the Earl of Caithness, and died i860, having 
had issue: — 

I. Andrew Buchanan (Sir), ist Baronet. 

1. Helen John Sinclair, married 1828, 
William Woolton Abney, D.L., of Measham 
Hall, CO. Derby, and d.s.p., 1893. 

2. Jane Dennistoun, married, 1826, Wil- 
liam Tritton, of Wington, Somerset, and died 
185 1, leaving issue. 

3. Cammilla Campbell, married, 1829, 
Richard Fox, of Awbawn, co. Cavan. 

4. Charlotte MacGregor Murray, married 
1834, Charles Henry Forbes, Kingairlock, co. 
Argyle. 

5. Mathilda Frances Harriett, married 
1844, Patrick Maitland, of Freugh, and died 
1894, leaving issue. 

The Rt. Hon. Sir Andrew Buchanan, ist Bart., 
of Dunburgh, co. Stirling, G.C.B.. P.C, D.L.! 
CO. Stirling, bom 1807; married, first, 1839 
Frances Katherine, daughter of the Very Rev. 
Edward Mellish, Dean of Hereford, and by her 
(who died 1854) had issue: — 

1. James (Sir), 2nd Baronet. 

2. Edward, bom 1844, died 1870, unmar- 
ried. 

3. Eric Alexander (Sir), 3rd Baronet. 

4. Andrew Archibald, bom 1850; married 
1882, Ellen Maria, daughter of Phillip 
Edward Blakeway, and has issue: — Andrew 



THE BUCHANANS OF AUCHINTORUE 379 

Sinclair, bom 1882, and Alexander Wellesley 
Grant, bom 1890, died young. 

5. George William Buchanan (Sir), G.C. 
V.O., K.C.M.G., C.B., P.C, His Majesty's 
Ambassador at St. Petersburg. " Sir George 
William Buchanan, who has been Minister- 
Plenipotentiary at The Hague since May, 
is the son of Sir Andrew Buchanan, and was 
bom in 1854. He entered the Diplomatic 
Service in 1875. After serving in Vienna, 
Rome and Tokyo he was sent to Berne, 
where he acted as Charge d'Affaires on 
various occasions. In 1893 he was promoted 
to be a Secretary of Legation with the 
additional character of Charge d'Aifaires at 
Dannstadt and Carlsruhe. In 1898 he was 
appointed British Agent to attend the Tri- 
bunal of Arbitration in the Venezuelan 
Boundary dispute, and in the following year 
became Secretary of Embassy. After a period 
at Rome and Berlin he was appointed Agent 
and Consul-General in Bulgaria, with the rank 
of Minister-Plenipotentiary. While at Sofia, 
Sir George Buchanan displayed conspicuous 
tact and firmness in dealing with the deli- 
cate situation created by the declaration of 
Bulgarian independence, and his departure 
for The Hague caused universal regret among 
the Bulgarians, who deeply appreciated his 
services. Sir George Buchanan married, in 
1885, Lady Georgiana Bathurst, daughter 



380 THE BUCHANANS OF AUCHINTORUE 

of the late Lord Bathurst,"^ and has issue, 
Meriel. 

1. Florence Jane, married, 1865, Captain 
Maxwell Fox, R.N. (retired), of Annaghmore, 
King's CO., and died 1882. 

2. Frances Matilda, married, 1873, Jo^^ 
Willis Clark, of Scrope House, Cambridge, 
and has issue. 

3. Louisa, married 187 1, Sir George Fran- 
cis Bonham, Bart., and has issue. 

4. Janet Sinclair. 

Sir Andrew Buchanan married, secondly, 1857, 
Hon. Georgiana Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of 
Lord Blantyre (who died in 1904). Sir Andrew 
was Minister in Switzerland, 1852; Envoy at 
Copenhagen, 1853; Madrid, 1858; and at The 
Hague, i860; Ambassador to Prussia, 1862; to 
Russia, 1864; and to Austria, 187 1 ; and he retired 
in 1877. He was maae K.C.B. in i860, and G.C.B. 
in 1866; Privy Councillor in 1863; and created a 
Baronet in 1878. He died in 1882, and was 
succeeded by his eldest son, 

Sir James Buchanan, 2nd Baronet, Com- 
mander, R.N. (retired), J. P. and D.L., born 1840; 
married 1873, Arabella Catherine, daughter of 
Captain G. C. Colquitt-Craven, of Brockhampton 
Park, CO. Gloucester, and d.s.p., 1901, when he 
was succeeded by his brother, 



I The Times, 5th August, 19 10. 



THE BUCHANANS OF AUCHINTORUE 38 1 

Sir Eric Alexander Buchanan, 3rd Baronet, 
of Dunburgh, and Craigend Castle, Milngavie, 
Stirlingshire, bom 1848; married 1898, Constance 
Augusta, daughter of Commander Charles Ed- 
mund Tennant, R.N., of Needwood House, 
Burton-on -Trent, and has issue: — Charles James, 
born 1899, and Mary Constance Victoria. 



1^ 



The Buchanans in Campsie and 
Baldernock. 



The Buchanans in Campsie and 
Baldernock/ 



John Buchanan, a merchant in America, where 
he had considerable possessions, most of which 
he lost in consequence of taking the loyalist side 
on the breaking out of the War of Independence, 
was the son of John Buchanan, a merchant in Lon- 
don in 1759, and grandson of Gilbert Buchanan 
of Bankell, Dean of Guild of Glasgow, 1721, who 
was descended from George Buchanan, fifth son 
of Andrew Buchanan of Lenny. Gilbert Buchanan 
was bom in 1653, and married Dorothea, daughter 
of William Napier. He died in 1730, having had 
issue: (i) William of Bankell, died unmarried, 
1733'. (2) Gilbert, Writer in Edinburgh, after- 
wards merchant in London, who succeeded his 
brother William in Bankell; (3) John; (i) Jane, 
married, in 1720, Archibald Buchanan of Drum- 
head, and died in 1735; and (2) Mary, married, 
^ '73i» Janies Rowan of Heathriehall. 

John Buchanan, the son of John Buchanan, 
and grandson of Gilbert Buchanan, married 
Ehzabeth Wilson, and had (i) Elizabeth Buchanan 
who married James Dunlop, of Househill, and 
died in 1820; (2) Rev. Gilbert Buchanan, D.D., 



I Strathendrick, page 307. 



386 THE BUCHANANS IN CAMPSIE AND BALDERNOCK 

of whom afterwards; (3) Frances Buchanan, 
born 1758, died 1828, married Edward John 
Burrow of the Life Guards and was the mother 
of Edward John Burrow, Archdeacon of Gibraltar, 
whose daughter, Frances Maria, was the second 
wife of the late Robert Buchanan-Dunlop of 
Drumhead; and (4) Sarah Buchanan, married 
a Mr. Sparrow. 

The Rev. Gilbert Buchanan, D.D., Rector 
of Woodmanstow, Surrey, and Vicar of Northfleet, 
Kent, was bom in 1750, and died in 1835. He 
was not intended at first for orders, but his father 
having lost all his American possessions, the yotmg 
man was sent to Cambridge and Mr. Pitt gave 
him the two livings, which he held till his death. 
He married Frances Reed and by her (who died 
in 1800) had three sons and two daughters: (i) 
Gilbert, of whom afterwards; (2) George, R.N., 
died unmarried: (3) John, went to America, 
married and had issue; (i) Frances, bom 1786, 
died 1827, was second wife of Henry S. Hyde 
Wollaston, and had a son, George Buchanan 
WoUaston, who married his cousin, Julia Adye 
Buchanan; and (2) Mary, married 1818, the Right 
Hon. Sir John Taylor Coleridge, and had issue 
(with others) John Duke, Lord Coleridge, late 
Lord Chief Justice of England. 

General Gilbert Buchanan, of the Royal En- 
gineers, was bom 1 785, and married Harriet Wilkes 
Smith, by whom he had two sons and several 
daughters : — 



THE BUCHANANS IN CAMPSIE AND BAI^DERNOCK 387 

(i) General Gilbert John Lane Buchanan, 
of the Royal Artillery, bom 1812, married Julia 
Hammersley Wallace (who died at Hampton 
Court Palace on the 21st December, 1900) and 
died 1875, leaving issue; (2) John Buchanan, 
an officer in the Army. A daughter Julia Adye 
Buchanan, married her cousin, George Buchanan 
Wollaston, of Bishop's Well, Kent, and died on 
the 25th Jime, 1910, aged 94, at Chislehurst, 
leaving issue. 



The Buchanans of Drummikill, 



i> 



The Buchanans of Drummlkill 



I. Thomas Buchanan, first of Dnimmikill, 
was the third son of Sir Walter Buchanan of that 
Ilk (146 1 ), and had three sons: (i) Robert; 
(2) Thomas, of Carbeth; and (3) WilHam. 

II. Robert Buchanan, (in 1495) of Drtimmikill 
and Moss, who married, about 1472, Margaret 
Hay and died about 15 18, had two sons: (i) 
Thomas ; and (2) John, ancestor of the Buchanans 
of Cameron. 

III. Thomas Buchanan, of Dnimmikill and 
Moss, married Agnes Heriot, daughter of James 
Heriot, of Trabrown and had five sons : (i) Robert ; 
(2) Thomas, who succeeded to Dnimmikill; (3) 
Alexander Buchanan of Ibert, died 1574, who 
had two sons, Mr. Thomas Buchanan, who became 
Keeper of the Privy Seal, married Janet, daughter 
of George Buchanan, son of George Buchanan 
of that Ilk ; and John^ ancestor to the Buchanans 
of Ballochruin; (4) Patrick; and (5) Mr. George 
Buchanan, the author, poet and historian, bom 
1506.^ 

IV. Robert Buchanan, of Dnimmikill, bom 
about 1495, married 1520, Catherine Napier and 



1 James Buchanan, sixth of Ballochruin, merchant in Glasgow, 
died in 1758, and was succeeeded by his sister, Margaret Buchanan, 
who married in 1759, Thomas Buchanan of Ardoch. Strathcndrick , 
page 326. 

2 See pages 419 and 423. 



392 THE BUCHANANS OP DRUMMIKILL 

had an only son who died young and was succeeded 
by his uncle. 

V. Thomas Buchanan, of Drummikill, married 
Geils (or Giles) Cunningham, and had : (i) Robert ; 
(2) Walter; (3) John, from whom was descended 
George Buchanan, of Moss and Auchintoshan, 
bom 1697, married in 1731, Mary, daughter of 
George Buchanan, of Glasgow, ancestor of the 
family of Auchintorlie, Craigend and.Drumpellier, 
and had issue, among others, Neil Buchanan of 
Auchintoshan, who married Anne BoUeyn, 
daughter of Thomas Murray, of Virginia, and 
died in 1777, leaving a daughter, Anne Buchanan, 
of Auchintoshan, bom 1774, married 1793, William 
Cross, of Glasgow, and died in 18 10, having had 
issue, with others: — John Cross-Buchanan, of 
Auchintoshan, who succeeded to the Estate in 
18 13, married, in 1824, Jean, daughter of Andrew 
Wardrop, and died in 1839, leaving issue. (4) 
William; (5) Mr. Thomas, regent in St. Salvator's 
College, St. Andrews. 

VI. Robert Buchanan, of Drummikill, who 
died s. p. and was succeeded by his brother. 

VII. Walter Buchanan, of Drummikill and 
Moss, married, first, Janet, daughter of Walter 
Buchanan, of Spittal, by whom he had: (i) 
Thomas, his successor; secondly Agnes, daughter 
of John Kinross, of Kippendavie, by whom he 
had: (2) William, ancestor of the Buchanans of 
Ross and Drummikill; (3) James; and (4) Mr. 
Robert. 



THE BUCHANANS OF DRUMMIKILL 393 

VIII. Thomas Buchanan, of Drummikill and 
Moss, married, first, Logan of Balvie's daughter; 
secondly, StirHng of Glorat's daughter; and had: 
(i) William, his successor ; (2) John; (3) Walter, 
who married Margaret Buchanan; (i) Janet, 
who married John Buchanan; and (2) Agnes, 
married Thomas Buchanan, yotmger of Ibert 
and Ballochruin. 

IX. William Buchanan, married a daughter of 
Temple of Fulwood, and had: (i) Walter, his 
successor; (2) Thomas, and (3) George, who 
both went to Ireland; (4) James; (i) Agnes, 
married John Kincaid, of Auchinreoch; and (2) 
Margaret, married Walter Buchanan, of Cameron. 

X. Walter Buchanan, who sold Moss in 1625 
to John Buchanan. He married Jean Hamilton, 
and died about 1663 having had (i) William, 
and (2) Dugald, of Gartincaber. 

XL William Buchanan, nth of Drummikill 
and I St of Craigievaim, sold Drummikill to William 
Buchanan, second son of William Buchanan, 
first of Ross, in 1669, and bought Craigievaim. 
He married the daughter of Cunningham of 
Boquhan and had among others: — John, Com- 
missioner of Supply, 1695, married Dorothy Cun- 
ningham, and had a son William, who succeeded, 
and a daughter married to James Hamilton. 
William Buchanan, third of Craigievaim, in 
171 1, married EHzabeth Hamilton, daughter of 
John Hamilton of Bardowie. WiUiam Buchanan, 



394 THE BUCHANANS OF DRUMMIKILL 

of Bardowie, had among others, John, who suc- 
ceeded him. 

John Buchanan, fourth of Craigievaim, held 
a commission in 1737 in the Royal Regiment of 
North British Dragoons. In 1 741, he sold Craigie- 
vaim to John Buchanan, of Gartincaber, writer 
in Edinburgh, who died in 1753 and was succeeded 
by his son Dugald. Dugald Buchanan married 
Margaret Buchanan and died in 1774. His widow 
died in 1807 and left her estates to David 
Snodgrass, advocate.^ 



I Strathendrick, page 319. 



The Buchanans of Drumhead. 



The Buchanans of Drumhead. 



I. From William Buchanan, who was either 
a brother or son of Robert Buchanan, second of 
Drummikill, was descended Archibald Buchanan,^ 
of Drumhead, or Blairhennechan, as it was formerly 
called, bom 1723, died unmarried 1789, who 
entailed the property upon the second sons of 
his two eldest sisters, Dorothy and Janet, succes- 
sively, and their heirs male, on the condition 
that they should bear the name and arms of 
Buchanan of Drumhead. His elder sister, Dorothy 
Buchanan (i 724-1 789), married Robert Shannon, 
of Blairvadick, and had, among others, Archibald 



1 Archibald Buchanan, of Drumhead, was the eldest son of Archi- 
bald Buchanan, of Drumhead, who married in 1720 Janet, daughter of 
Gilbert Buchanan, of Bankell. This Archibald Buchanan, wlio was 
the eldest son of Archibald Buchanan, of Drumhead, had issue three 
sons and six daughters : Gilbert, born 1729, died young; James, born 
'733» married in Virginia, but died s.p.; John, born 1735, curate of 
Weston, Underwood, Bucks., died s.p.; Dorothy, born 1724, mother of 
Archibald Shannon Buchanan, of Drumhead ; and Janet, born 1726, 
mother of Robert Buchanan-Dunlop, of Drumhead; Jean, born 1727, 
married Mungo Buchanan, merchant in Glasgow, and had a son, Johtt 
Buchanan, a clergyman of the Church of England. James Buchanan, 
his father's brother, became an eminent merchant in London, and left 
an only daughter, who married Sir Walter Riddell of Riddell, Rox- 
burghshire. Her son. Sir John, on succeeding to the estate of Sundon. 
in Bedfordshire, added the name of Buchanan to his own, as required 
by liis grandfather's deed of entail. This branch of the family of 
Drumhead is represented by the present Sir Walter Buchanan- 
Riddell, Bart., Recorder of Maidstone. (Irving's History of Dum- 
bartonshire, note to page 428.) Major-General Charles James 
Buchanan-Riddcll, C.B., kite of the Royal Artillery, a member of thi» 
fatmily, died in 1903, in his 86th year. Sir John Walter Buchanan- 
Riddell, who was bom in 1849, succeeded his uncle in 189a. He 
married in 1874, Sarah Isabella, daughter of Robert Wharton, and 
has, with other issue, a son WjJter Robert, bom in 1879. 



398 THE BUCHANANS OF DRUMHEAD 

Shannon Buchanan, who succeeded his uncle in 
1789 and assumed the name of Buchanan, and 
died s.p. in 1791, when he was succeeded by 
his cousin. 

II. Robert Dunlop Buchanan, son of Robert 
Dimlop, of Househill, and of his wife, Janet 
Buchanan (1726-1812), second sister of Archibald 
Buchanan, of Drumhead, was bom in 1756 and 
assumed the name and arms of Buchanan. He 
married in 1805, Frances, daughter of Samuel 
Beachcroft, of Wickham Court, Kent, a director 
of the Bank of England, and died, in 1837, 
leaving issue : — 

1. Robert. 

2. James, bom 1809, died unmarried in 
1859. 

3. Charles (Rev.), Vicar of Henfield, 
Sussex, bom 181 2, married Fanny, daughter 
of William Borrer, of Henfield, and died in 
1 85 1, leaving issue: — 

(i) Charles Seward (Rev.), Vicar of 
Henfield, born 1840, married Alice Barbara, 
daughter of Rev. D. Robertson, and died 
in 1907. 

(2) Henry Beachcroft (Rev.), of Red- 
oaks, Henfield, Sussex, bom 1842, mar- 
ried Mary, daughter of Rev. A. A. Aylward, 
and has issue, John Henry Graham and 
Lillian Mary, married to Leopold Stern, 
and has issue, Graham. 



THE BUCHANANS OF DRUMHEAD 399 

(3) William Buchanan (Rev.), Vicar 
of Sayer's Common, Sussex, bom 185 1, 
married Gertrude, daughter of E. Carlton 
Homes. 

(i) Fanny Elizabeth, married Rev. Pre- 
bendary Teulon, Canon of Chichester. 
III. Robert Buchanan Dunlop, of Drumhead, 
bom 1807, who died loth August, 1882. He 
married, first, in 1837, Emma Smith and had 
by her (who died in 185 1): 

1. Robert Buchanan Dunlop, of Drum- 
head. 

2. James, bom 1840, late of the Rifle 
Brigade, married Mary Scott. 

3. Charles George, bom 1843, married 
1889, Blanche Emily, daughter of Francis 
Trench, and died 1897, leaving issue Phyllis 
Evelyn, died 1897; Doris and Lois Olga. 

4. Henry Donald, Lieutenant-Colonel R. A. , 
bom 1845; niarried in 1869, first, Charlotte 
Fanny, daughter of Brigadier-General Gilbert 
Buchanan, R. A. (who died in 1869, without 
surviving issue); secondly, in 1873, Sabina, 
daughter of William Woolston, and has issue: 

(i) Archibald Henry, Captain Leicester- 
shire Regiment, bom 1874, married 1900, 
Mary Agnes, daughter of Arthur Herbert 
Kennedy of Upton Park, Slough, and has 
issue, Robert Arthur, bom 1904; and Ian; (2) 
Colin Napier, Captain and Brevet Major, R.A., 
born 1877; (3) William Robert (Rev.), Curate 



400 THE BUCHANANS OF DRUMHEAD 

of Christ Church, Eastbourne, bom 1881; 
(4) Henry Donald, Lieut. West Kent Regi- 
ment, (i) Sabina, married 1905, Alfred 
Castle Warner, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. ; (2) Emma 
Dorothea, married Rev. F. Eddison, Vicar of 
Duffield, Derby; (3) Jean Hamilton, married 
1905, Rev. Reginald Callander, M.A., Rector 
of St. Leonard's, Exeter; (4) Rhoda. 

5. Francis Campbell, born 1847, ^ed 
1885. 

1. Elizabeth, died young. 

2. Caroline Annabella, died unmarried in 
1898. 

3. Frances Harriet, died young. 

4. Emma, married in 1883, Percy Pollex- 
fen Vere Turner, barrister-at-law, and has 
issue, Francis, Ruth, Janet, and Vera. 
Robert Buchanan Dunlop married, secondly, 

Frances Maria, daughter of Edward John Burrow, 
Archdeacon of Gibraltar, who d. s. p. 1882. 

IV. Robert Buchanan Dunlop, who suc- 
ceeded his father in 1882, was bom in 1838 and 
married Harriet Klyne, daughter of Emanuel 
Baker, M.D., and died in 1892, leaving issue a son, 

V. Robert Buchanan Dunlop (Rev.), of 
Dnmihead, Curate of Bexhill-on-Sea, bom in 
1877, ^^d succeeded his father in 1892. 



The Buchanans of Finnick- 
Drummond. 



The Buchanans of Finnick- 
Drummond. 



George Buchanan, in Finnick-Drummond, 
was the sixth son of John Buchanan, of Little 
Croy, second son of John Buchanan, of Middle 
Balfunning, of the family of Drummikill. He 
was bom in 17 13, married Margaret, daughter 
of George Buchanan, of Blairlusk, and died in 
1778. He had issue, among others: — John Buch- 
anan; George Buchanan in Finnick-Drummond; 
Archibald Buchanan, died, in 1772, in Virginia; 
and James Buchanan, of Dowanhill. 

I. John Buchanan, born 1 742, married Agnes 
Steven, and had a son, George Buchanan, of 
Glasgow; admitted Member of the Buchanan 
Society, 1807; married Isabella Stevenson, and 
had issue, among other sons: — William, married 
Janet Marshall, and was father of George Stevenson 
Buchanan, Treasurer of the Buchanan Society; 
and Moses Steven Buchanan, M.D., who married 
Agnes Leechman, and had three sons — (i) James 
Buchanan; (2) George Buchanan, M.A., M.D., 
LL.D., Professor of Clinical Surgery in the Univer- 
sity of Glasgow, bom 1827, died 19th April, 1905, 
at Balanton, Stirling. " In the Crimean War 
" he served as a civil surgeon in the British Army, 
" and he afterwards published a book entitled 



404 THE BUCHANANS OF FINNICK-DRUMMOND 

* * Camp Life in the Crimea. ' Much of his career 
' was associated with the medical and educational 
' institutions of Glasgow. He had filled the 

* posts of surgeon to the Royal Infirmary and 

* the Western Infirmary in that city, and he 

* was Professor of Clinical Surgery at Glasgow 
' University, a position which he relinquished in 

* 1900. In 1888 he presided over the surgical 

* section of the British Medical Association. 

* In addition to acting as one of the editors of the 

* Glasgow Medical Journal, he was the author 

* of several publications dealing with particular 

* questions in surgery, and edited the loth edition 

* of the ' Anatomists' Vade Mecum.' Mr. Buch- 
' anan travelled considerably, and was an ardent 

* Alpine climber, one of his notable ascents being 
' that of Monte Rosa." The Times, 20th April, 

1905- (3) William Buchanan. 

II. George Buchanan, in Finnick-Drummond, 
bom 1744, and died 1832. He married Annabella 
Downie and had: — (i) George, d. s. p. 1832; (2) 
Benjamin, married Mary Cameron and died about 
1863, leaving issue settled in London; (3) John, 
in Finnick-Drummond, married Helen Bow, and 
had — George, went to Valparaiso and died there 
leaving issue; William, went to Dunedin, New 
Zealand, married; Benjamin, at Arbuthnot, Kin- 
cardineshire, married; Robert, of Glasgow, mar- 
ried Catherine Ewing, and has issue; John, went 
to Valparaiso and died unmarried; (i) Janet, 



THE BUCHANANS OT FINNICK-DRUMMOND 405 

inarried, in 1808, Walter Buchanan, of Killeam, 
and died in 1856. 

III. James Buchanan, of Dowanhill, bom 
in 1756, acquired Dowanhill about 181 1, and 
died in 1844. He married Ellison McCallum, 
and had issue: — 

(i) George, bom 1802, died unmarried, 

1848. 

(2) Thomas, bom 1803, died unmarried. 

(3) James, bom 1805, went abroad, mar- 
ried Williamina Linbeg, and died 1878, leav- 
ing issue. 

(4) John Buchanan, of Dowanhill, bom 
1807, married in 1839, Jane Young, and 
died in 1876, having had issue: — (i) James 
George, bom 1840, died 1870; (2) John Young 
Buchanan, M.A., F. R. S., educated at Glas- 
gow High School and University, Universities 
of Marburg, Leipsic and Bonn, and Ecole de 
Medicine, Paris, Chemist and Physicist of the 
' * Challenger " Expedition, bom 1 844, decorated 
with the insignia of Commander of the Order 
of St. Charles by the Prince of Monaco in 19 10 ; 
(3) Rt. Hon. Thomas Rybum Buchanan,^ P.C, 
born 1846, educated at Sherborne and Oxford 
and called to the Bar of the Inner Temple, 
elected a fellow of All Souls in 1870, and was 
some years in charge of the Codrington Library. 



1 The Right Honourable Thomas Ryburn Buchanan died at 
Bournemouth on the 7th April, 191 1, aged 65. For a mcM'e de- 
tailed account of his career see Appendix, page 2. 



406 THE BUCHANANS OP PINNICK-DRUMMOND 

M.P. Edinburgh 1882-1885, West Edinburgh 
1885-1892, East Aberdeenshire 1892-1900, East 
Division of Perthshire 1903-19 10; Financial 
Secretary War Office 1906- 1908, and Under- 
Secretary of State, India Office 1908-1909; 
married in 1888, Emily, daughter of T. S. 
Bolitho, M.P. (4) Francis Christian, of Clar- 
inish. Row, D.L. of the county of Dumbarton, 
bom 1853, niarried, 1878, Margaret Gourlie, 
and has issue — Marsali, Cathlinne, John, bom 
1884, and Anselan Dennistoun, born 1885, who 
at the time of his death, on the 26th February, 
1 90 1, was a naval cadet on H.M.S. Britannia 
training ship at Dartmouth. Mr. Buchanan, 
who is a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, 
Scotland, has devoted much of his life to an- 
tiquarian research, in recognition of which the 
late King Edward appointed him a member 
of the Royal Commission on Ancient Monu- 
ments in Scotland, (i) Agnes Tennent, mar- 
ried R. M. Pollock, of Middleton; (2) Ellison 
Janet, married R. Jameson Torrie; (3) Jane 
Mary, married J. O. Fairlie ; and (4) Caroline 
Wilhelmina, married Captain Stuart Rickman, 
R.N. 

(5) Janet, bom 1809, niarried William 
Pollock-Morris, M.D., of Craig, near Kilmar- 
nock, and died 1882, leaving issue. 



The Leith- Buchanans of Ross 
Priory. 



The Leith- Buchanans of Ross 
Priory. 



Sir George Leith -Buchanan, Bart., of Ross Priory, 
Balloch, CO. Dumbarton, was the eldest son of Sir 
Alexander Wellesley William Leith, 3rd Bart., 
who married, in 1832, Jemima (who died 1877), 
second daughter of Hector Macdonald Buchanan, 
of Ross, CO. Dumbarton, and of Jean Buchanan, 
daughter of Robert Buchanan of Ross and Drum- 
mikill.^ He was a Captain 17th Light Dragoons, 
bom 1833; married, first, in 1856, Ella Maria, 
daughter of David Barclay Chapman, of Roehamp- 
ton, Surrey (who died 1857) ; he married secondly, 
1 86 1, Eliza Caroline, daughter of Thomas Tod, 
of Drygrange, N.B., and by her (who died 1899) 
had issue :^ 

1 . Sir Alexander Wellesley George Thomas 
Leith-Buchanan, Bart., bom 1866, married 
1888, Maude Mary, daughter of the late 
Alexander Grant, of Glasgow and succeeded 
his father in 1903. 

2. George Hector, bom 187 1, married 
1904, Matilda Mary Charlotte, daughter of 
Isadore McWilliam Bourke, late of Rahasane, 
CO. Galway, and Curragh Leigh, co. Mayo. 

It) Strathendrick, p. 331. 
(2) Burke's Landed Gentry. 



410 THE LEITH-BUCHANANS OF ROSS PRIORY 

3 . James Macdonald Buchanan, bom 1872, 
served in South African War 190 1-2 (medal 
with five clasps), married 1905, Katie Isabel, 
second daughter of George E. Porter, of Hart- 
sperry, St. Kilda, Melbourne, Australia. 

4. Charles John (Deerspring, Ancaster, 
Ontario, Canada), bom 1875, niarried 1905, 
Mary Eleanor, daughter of William Farmer, 
of Ancaster, Canada, and has issue : George 
William Hector, bom 1905, and Thomas 
Wellesley Macdonald, bom 1907. 

5. Thomas Tod, bom 1877. 

1. Flora Macdonald, died unmarried 1904. 

2. Caroline Elizabeth, married 1885, John 
Galbraith Horn, Advocate, Edinburgh, and 
has issue. 

3. Margaret Georgina Jemima, married 
1897, William McNish Porter, and has issue. 

4. Edith Maud, died unmarried, 1904. 

5. Kathleen Nora, married, 1904, Captain 
James M. McLaren, Gordon Highlanders. 

6. Jemima Jean. 

After the death of his mother, Lady Leith, 
Sir George Leith took the additional name of 
Buchanan. He died 29th September, 1903. 



The Buchannans late of Miltoun. 



The Buchannans late of Mlltoun. 



Duncan Buchannan, of Miltoun, in Glen Urqu- 
hart, county Inverness, had a son Patrick Bu- 
channan, whose arms as matriculated in the Lyon 
College in 1672, are the arms of Buchanan, within 
a border gules charged with eight crescents 
argent. Crest, a rose slipped gules. Motto, Du- 
citur hinc honos. 

Auchmar, referring to the descent of the family 
of Miltoun, says: — 

'' All I can offer concerning this family is founded 
upon a traditional account I had from a certain 
gentleman, who was an officer in the Laird of 
Buchanan's regiment, in the year 1645, ^.t which 
time, that regiment being in garrison at Inverness, 
one Colin Buchanan, of Miltoun of Peatty, a 
gentleman of good repute, and whose interests 
lay within a few miles of the town of Inverness, 
kept very much correspondence with Buchanan 
and his officers, while in garrison in that town. 
He was descended, by anything can be collected 
from any account given then out, of Maurice 
Buchanan's son, who was treasurer to the dauphi- 
ness of France in the reign of King James I."* 

Patrick Buchannan had a son, Norman, who 
had a son, Archibald Buchannan, who left Glen 



I Auchmar, page 266. 



414 THE BUCHANNANS LATE OP MILTOUN 

Urqtihart and settled at Dunscaith, in Skye. Me 
married Katherine, daughter of Ranald McDonald, 
of Scalpa, and had four sons, Norman, Malcolm, 
Duncan, and Peter, and a daughter. 

Peter Buchannan left Skye and settled near 
Whitby, county York, England. He married 
a Miss Richardson and had, besides a daughter, 
a son, 

John Buchannan, who married Sarah, daughter 
of Alexander Arr, of Renfrew, and had issue : — 

John Buchannan, of Whitby, solicitor, Coroner, 
Registrar of the County Court, Seneschal of the 
Liberty of Whitby Strand, who married first, 
Sarah Margaret, daughter of John Holt, of 
Whitby, by whom he had a daughter, Sarah 
Margaret, living unmarried. He married, sec- 
ondly, Ann, daughter of George Langbome, of 
Whitby, and died in 1891, leaving issue: — 

1. George Buchannan, of Whitby, solicitor, 
who succeeded his father in his various offices, 
married Marianne, daughter of George Croft, 
of Richmond, county York and had issue: — 
(i) Lilias Mary, living in Whitby; (2) Archi- 
bald John, solicitor in Whitby; (3) Mar- 
garet Hilda, living in Whitby. 

2. Charles Buchannan, of Whitby, married 
Sarah Ellen, daughter of George Wetherill, 
of Whitby, and had issue: — (i) Alexander 
Buchannan, solicitor of Thirsk, county York; 
(2) Malcolm Buchannan, a clergyman in Can- 
ada; (3) Charles Buchannan, of Hull. 



THE BUCH ANNANS I.ATE OF MILTOUN 415 

3. Hugh Cholmley Buchannan, died s.p. 

4. Arthur Buchannan, who was married 
twice; first, to Katherine Elizabeth, daughter 
of Thomas Wetherill, of Guisborough, by 
whom he had issue: — (i) Averil Mary, mar- 
ried WilHam Richardson, and has issue; 
(2) Margaret Isobel, married Thomas Dun- 
can Henlock Stubbs, and has issue; (3) 
George Herbert Buchannan, soHcitor of Scar- 
borough, county York, who married Lihan, 
daughter of John Chapman Walker, and has 
issue, James Arthur and Neil. Arthur Bu- 
channan married, secondly, Margaret Eliza- 
beth Richardson, and died in 1895. 

The arms of George Buchannan, of Whitby, 
as matriculated in the Lyon Office in 1872, are 
Or a lion rampant sable armed and langued gules 
within a double tressure flowered and counter- 
flowered of fleurs-de-lis of the second, a bordure 
invecked parted per pale of the third and argent, 
charged with eight crescents countercharged. 
Above the shield is placed a helmet befitting 
his degree with a mantling gules doubled argent 
and issuing from a wreath of the liveries is set 
for crest a dexter hand proper holding a ducal 
cap purpure turned up ermine and tufted on the 
top with a rose gules, all within two branches 
of laurel disposed orleways, also proper and in 
an escroll over the same the motto, Audaces 
Juvo. 



A Genealogical Note. 

THE QUATER-CENTENARY OF GEORGE 
BUCHANAN. 



t 



A Genealogical Note/ 

George Buchanan, while stating that he was 
descended from a family rather ancient than 
opulent, gives us but little information. He does 
not name his father, but tells us that he was cut 
off in the prime of life before his grandfather; 
that his mother, Agnes Heriot, was left with five 
sons and three daughters, and that he himself 
was befriended, when aged about fourteen, by 
his maternal uncle, James Heriot, who, however, 
died within two years (about 1522). Of his 
brothers, he only names Patrick. 

From other sources we learn that the first of 
this branch of the Buchanan family was Thomas 
Buchanan, youngest son of Sir Walter Buchanan 
of that Ilk (died before 1452). Sir Walter married 
a daughter of Murdoch, Duke of Albany, but it 
seems probable that his sons were by a previous 
union, although there is some reason for believing 
that the marriage took place as early as 1427. 

I. Thomas Buchanan is first mentioned in 
1 46 1, when he had a charter from his brother 
Patrick Buchanan of that Ilk of the lands of 
Gartincaber. He was possessor of the Hospital 
of Letter in 1461. He had charters of the Temple 
lands of Letter in 1462, Croftewyr (part of the 
lands of Drummiekill) in 1466, Balwill and Camo- 

I The above was written by the late Mr. A. W. Gray-Buchaoan, 
and is taken from "Geor^ge Buchanan, Glasgow Quater-Centenary 
Studies," published by James MacLehose & Sons, Glasgow, in 1907. 



420 A GENEALOGICAL NOTE 

quhill in 1472, Kepdowry, Carbeth, Balwill, the 
Temple lands of Ballikinrain in 1477, was of 
Bultoun (or Balantoun) in 1484, had a charter 
of Middle Ledlowan (now the Moss) in 1484, and 
by 1495 was of Drummiekill, which became the 
designation of the family. Thomas Buchanan, 
of Drummiekill, was still alive in 1496. He is 
stated to have married the heiress of Drummiekill, 
but it does not appear whether she was the wife 
mentioned in 1472, whose name is variously 
read as " Donote," " Dorote," or possibly "Jo- 
note." He left several sons, amongst whom 
he seems to have divided his lands in his lifetime. 

n. Robert Buchanan, the eldest son, suc- 
ceeded to Drummiekill and other lands. He mar- 
ried, about 1472, Margaret Hay of Dullievairdis, 
in the Barony of Glenbervie, Forfarshire. She 
was still alive in 15 15. Robert Buchanan died 
about 1 5 18. 

ni. Thomas Buchanan, younger of Drum- 
miekill, bom probably about 1473, is mentioned 
in the charter of Middle Ledlowan in 1509. He 
married, probably about 1493, Agnes Heriot, 
daughter of James Heriot of Trabrown in East 
Lothian. Agnes Heriot was probably sister of 
Andrew Heriot of Trabrown (died 1531) and 
James Heriot, official of St. Andrews, within the 
Archdeaconry of Lothian (151 6- 1522). Thomas 
Buchanan and Agnes Heriot had five sons and 
three daughters. 



A GENEALOGICAL NOTE j^2l 

(i) Robert, probably bom before 1495, 
married, about 1520, Katherine, daughter 
of Archibald Napier of Merchistoun (great- 
great-grandfather of the inventor of log- 
arithms), by whom he had a son, who died 
young. He succeeded his grandfather about 
1518, and died before August 29, 1525. 

(2) Thomas, probably bom about 1495, 
married, about 1515, Giles (alive 1576), 
daughter of Andrew Cuninghame of Drum- 
quhassle. He succeeded his brother or 
nephew in Drummiekill shortly after 1525, 
and was dead before 1544. 

Representatives of this Thomas in the 
direct male line can still be traced. One 
of his yoimger sons was Mr. Thomas Bu- 
chanan, Provost of Kirkheuch and Minister 
of Ceres, who was bom about 1520. The 
latter was therefore nephew of George Bu- 
chanan, though James Melville calls him 
"his cusing." 

(3) Alexander, who possessed the lands 
of Ibert, was probably next in order, though 
he is sometimes named after Patrick. He 
married Janet Wawer, and died in Novem- 
ber, 1574. His eldest son, Mr. Thomas 
Buchanan, succeeded his imcle in 1578, as 
Keeper of the Privy Seal, and died about 
1582. From his second son, John, were 
descended the Buchanans of Ballochruin, 
who have still a Buchanan representative, 



k 



422 A GENEALOGICAL NOTE 

but in the female line. The arms on Alex- 
ander Buchanan's seal (used by his second 
son, John, 9th November, 1557) are: A fess 
between three boars' (?) heads erased. 

(4) Patrick was probably born about 
1505. His name is in the lease to Agnes 
Heriot of the Offeron of Gartladdimack in 
1 513. He matriculated at St. Andrews in 
1525, at the same time as George. He is 
also mentioned in the renewed lease to Agnes 
Heriot in 1531, but is not described as " Mr." 
although his brother is so designated. As 
*' Mr." Patrick Buchanan he was appointed, 
in 1542 Preceptor of the Hospital of St. 
Leonards, near Peebles, and about the same 
time he had a gift of the Deanery of Dunbar. 
In 1547, at the invitation of his brother 
George, he accompanied the latter to Coimbra. 
He seems to have been in Scotland in 1558, 
as we find a Mr. Patrick Buchanan witness 
to a tack granted by the Commendator of 
Arbroath in January 1557-8. 

(5) George. 

According to the old Buchanan Genealogical 
Tree, compiled in 1602, the three sisters of George 
Buchanan were: (i) " the Lady Bonull " (Lind- 
say), (2) " the Lady Ballikinrain " (Napier), 
and (3) ** the Lady Knokdory." John Napier, 
5th of Ballikinrain, married Agnes Buchanan, 
but she cannot have been a sister of George 
Buchanan, as the marriage took place before 



A GENEALOGICAL NOTE 423 

January, 149 1-2. The three sisters were still 
alive in 1550. 

According to Joseph Scaliger, Alexander Mor- 
ison, sister's son to George Buchanan, published 
an edition of his uncle's Latin psalms; and McUre 
calls Marion Buchanan, wife of Andrew Strang, 
sister-german of George Buchanan, but as she 
was married only about 1600, she must have 
belonged to a much later generation. 



The Quatercentenary of George Buchanan. 

If Robert Bums is second to none as a lyric poet; 
if Sir Walter is, in Robert Louis Sterv^nson's words, " out 
and away the first of the Romantics;" not less surely 
is George Buchanan " the greatest of the Humanists " 
— of that band of scholars and men of letters who, not 
a decade too soon, caught up and preserved all that was 
most vital in the bequest of classical antiquity, and pre- 
pared the post-Renaissance world for its absorption 
and assimilation. Scotland has every reason to be proud 
of having produced such a triad, though her pride be 
somewhat tempered by the thought that to the first- 
named and to the last-named she has been what Dr. 
John Brown (after Horace) called an arida nutrix — a 
cross between the severa mater and the injusta noverca. 

Four hundred years ago to-day, " or thereby " (" circa 
calendas Februarias "), Buchanan, as he tells us in his 
Autobiography, was bom in the Lennox country, on 
the banks of the Blane, an affluent of the Clyde. " With 
the few strokes of a master " (in Hallam's phrase), he 
introduces us to the farmhouse of his nativity and to 
his parentage, " of more antiquity than wealth " — his 
father prematurely dead, his grandfather still alive, but 



424 THE QUATER-CENTENARY OF QEORGE BUCHANAN 

a spendthrift, and his mother, Agnes Heriot, " eident," 
and intelligent, who, in face of every difficulty, proved 
the guardian angel of the household. One of five sons 
and three daughters, George, by his proficiency at school, 
induced his uncle, James Heriot, to send him to Paris, 
then the most attractive among seats of learning, and 
there the boy remained for two years, distinguishing 
himself in the Latin verse composition of which he was 
to become, in all Europe, the acknowledged master. But, 
when barely seventeen, he had to conie home, his funds 
having given out with his uncle's death; and, after a 
twelvemonth's illness, he joined as a recruit the military 
force with which the Duke of Albany attempted a raid 
upon England. The expedition was a failure, and in 
the retreat through snowy weather he fell ill again. From 
his sick bed he rose to matriculate in 1524 at St. Andrews 
as a pauper student, and next year graduated B.A. In 
1526 he returned to Paris — " the Lutetia of the ancients 
and the Laetitia of the modems " — and at the Scottish 
College proceeded to the degree of M.A. There the impe- 
cuniosity which was his portion through life was hardly 
relieved by an under-mastership at the College of Ste. 
Barbe, which, accordingly, he threw up to become tutor 
to the Earl of Cassillis's son, then in Paris. Returning 
about 1535 with his pupil to Scotland, he was appointed 
by James V. as tutor to one of his illegitimate sons. The 
King, becoming aware of his poetical gifts, particularly 
in satire, employed him to wreak the Royal vengeance 
on the Franciscan Order, and this he did so trenchantly 
that he incurred the implacable enmity of Cardinal Beaton, 
who imprisoned him in the Castle at St. Andrews, whence, 
escaping to England, he continued his flight to Paris, 
only to find his arch-persecutor there. Again he shifted 
his quarters, this time (1539) to Bordeaux, and on the 
invitation of the head of its College, Gouv^a, accepted 



THE QUATER-CENTENARY OF GEORGE BUCHANAN 425 

a professorship, which he held for three years, winning 
the attachment of pupils like Montaigne and the applause 
of the academic world by his Latin plays. In 1542 the 
plague forced him to leave the Garonne for the Seine, 
and, once more at Paris, he filled a chair in Cardinal le 
Moine's College. In 1547 Gouv^a induced him to join 
the professorial staff of the newly-founded University 
of Coimbra, where, however, the Portuguese Inquisition, 
on Gouv^a's death, took over the University and impri- 
soned Buchanan on a trumped-up charge of heresy. Re- 
leased from prison, he remained for some time under 
surveillance in a monastery, where he began his trans- 
lation of the Psalms into Latin verse. Finally set at 
liberty, he embarked on board a Cretan vessal at Lisbon, 
and landing in England, found the country in such tur- 
moil that he returned to his beloved France, where we 
next hear of him, in 1555, as tutor to the famous Mar^chal 
de Brissac's son, whom he accompanied, in the Mar^chal's 
train, to Italy, where the French were in military occu- 
pation of Piedmont and Liguria. In this situation, per- 
haps the pleasantest of his life, he remained five years, 
after which he returned to Scotland to act as classical 
tutor to Queen Mary, to whom he dedicated his now 
completed translation of the Psalms. In 1566 he became, 
at the instance of the Regent Murray, Principal of St. 
Leonard's College, St. Andrews, where for three years 
in succession he was one of the four office-bearers em- 
powered to choose the Rector. By this time he had 
joined the Reformed Church, and after the murder of 
Damley, he sided with the Lords against Queen Mary. 
Chosen Moderator of the General Assembly — the only 
layman ever elected to the post — he, in 1568, accompanied 
the Regent to the Conference held at York to lay before 
Queen Elizabeth's Commissioners, Mary's complicity in 
the murder of Damley. The case against her had already 



L 



426 THE QUATER-CENTENARY OF GEORGE BUCHANAN 

been drawn up by himself in his famous " Detectio," 
the trenchant vigour of which has been alternately ap- 
plauded and censured. He afterwards became tutor 
to the boy-King, James VI., who in after life spoke with 
pride of his teaching, though he could never forgive him 
for his treatise against " divine right," entitled " De 
Jure Regni apud Scotos." In 1570 we find him Keeper 
of the Privy Seal, and entitled to sit in Pariiament. This 
post he held for eight years, after which he resumed his 
" History of Scotland," which he completed and pub- 
lished just thirty days before his death in Edinburgh, 
28th September, 1582.^ 



I In 1788 a monument in the form of an obelisk was erected to 
the memory of George Buchanan at Killearn, two miles from Moss, 
where he was born in 1506. This monument, which is 19 feet square 
at the base and 103 feet high, has affixed to it a marble tablet bearing 
the following inscription by Professor Ramsay of Glasgow Univerbity, 
which was placed on it in 1850: — 

Memoriae Aeternae 

Georgii Buchanani 

Vir Fortes Fortis 

inter doctos Docti 

inter sapientes sapientissimi 

qui tenax propositi 

imperiorum sacerdotum minas ridens 

Tyrannorum saevorum minas spernens 

Purum mininis cultum 

atque 

Jura humani generis 

A pessima superstitione atque ab infima servitute 

Imperterritus vindicavit 

Hoc monumentum 

Domum patemam est natalia rura prospectans 

Sumptibus et pietatae popularium 

Olim exstructura 

Aetas — postera 

Reficiendum curavit 

Anno Christi D.N. 

MDCCCL 



George Buchanan died on the 28th September, 1582, " in his 
" house in a close in the High Street of Edinburgh, now removed. 
" which stood on the side of the West side of Hunter Square, callea 
" Kennedy's Close," and was buried in Greyfriars Churchyard Edin- 
burgh. 



THE QUATER-CENTENARY OF GEORGE BUCHANAN 427 

From this bare outline of his career we can form some 
notion of the " romance " that clung to him, as to so 
many other compatriots only less distinguished than 
he in severe study and in literary production. It was 
his boyish love of soldiering, as he himself tells us, that 
enrolled him in the Duke of Albany's abortive raid upon 
England, and in this as in every other experience of his 
chequered life, no opportunity of observation was wasted 
on him. Sir Walter himself is not more responsive to 
" the delight of battle " than Buchanan, whose history, 
equal in many ways to those of Livy and Tacitus, has 
none of that weakness in military detail which Mommsen 
finds in both. Love of romance in great measure explains 
the inordinate length at which he dwells on the purely 
mythical Scottish foretime, and Livy himself gives no 
richer colour to eariy legend than Buchanan to the lives 
of the successors of " Fergus the First ." When he treads 
on surer ground we find him meriting Archbishop Usher's 
commendation for honest research, and, significantly 
enough, his attributing to the Emperor Severus the wall 
between the Forth and Clyde has, in spite of generations 
of adverse critics, been proved to be correct as against 
Bede's view that that Emperor's wall connected the 
Tyne and the Solway. In the age immediately preceding 
his own, his account of the clandestine dealings with the 
Courts of France and England, so full of influence in Scot- 
land, has been vindicated against the carping of Pinker- 
ton, Tytler, and others by no less an authority on that 
period than the late Professor Brewer of King's College, 
London. As to his treatment of Queen Mary, it may safely 
be said that he remained her friend so long as she made 
it possible. This is not the place to enter into that em- 
bittered controversy ; but it would be well for the idolaters 
of the Queen and the detractors of Buchanan to ponder 



428 ruH QUATER-CENTENARY OF GEORGE BUCHANAN 

this, to wit, the view officially taken of her life by the 
Congregation of Rites in the Roman Curia. Nothing 
would have been more gratifying to the Vatican than to 
have enrolled among the saints such a sufferer in its cause 
— a sufferer who divides with Helen of Troy and Cleo- 
patra of Egypt the claim to be the most interesting tragedy- 
queen of history. All Catholic Europe — ay, and many 
who stand without its pale — would have welcomed her 
accession to so august a fellowship; indeed, enthusiastic 
divines of her own faith had already, in published volumes, 
styled her " beata." That with all these inducements 
the Congregation of Rites has refrained from committing 
itself to so momentous an act can only be explained by 
its having found the evidence against her too cogent — 
evidence not only accessible to the outsider, but such 
as is contained in the archives of the Vatican, open to 
the Congregation of Rites alone. Buchanan's " De- 
tectio," in fact, can claim the tacit acquiescence of the 
Roman Curia. 

But it is as a poet , working in the language and on the 
lines of the Augustan age of Rome, that Buchanan's 
merits are most generally admitted. His genius had 
much that savoured of Lucretius and still more of Virgil; 
while, in addition, he had not a little in common with 
Horace, both in his lyric and in his satiric vein. He is 
at his best in the metre of the two first-named poets, 
and, in many of the Psalms, he charms the sympathetic 
reader with " the long lilt " of the Lucretian, as with 
•' the sonorous break " of the Virgilian, hexameter. Of 
the Ovidian distich he was a master, and in that same 
metre he can rival Martial in pregnant, or pungent, epi- 
gram. He is seldom at his best in the Alcaic stanza, 
often defective in the third line, the most telling of the 
quatrain; but where he does succeed, he is superb, as 



THE QUATER-CENTENARY OF GEORGE BUCHANAN 429 

witness his noble version of the 77th Psalm: — 
" Videre fluctus te tumidi, Deus, 
Videre fluctus, et trepido gradu 
Fugere: turbavit profundas 
Horror aquae vitreae lacunas." 
He is nearly always felicitous in Sapphics; indeed such 
delicious odes as that to the College of Bordeaux, begin- 
ning:— 

" Vasconis tellus, genetrix virorum 
Fortium, blandi genetrix Lyaei, 
Cui Parens frugum favet et relictis 
Pallas Athenis," 
might have been inspired by Horace himself. 

As a man of affairs, what the French call a ** Pub- 
liciste," he was one of the greatest of his century; with 
his wide horizons, his Catholic sympathies, his enlightened 
and " perfervid " patriotism, making his " humanistic " 
gifts and accomplishments the means of at once elevating, 
refining, and invigorating his countrymen. He could 
satirise as scathingly as Juvenal, the corruption and 
degeneracy of the Church, but only after he had eulogised 
in noble verse its early purity and the virtues of its first 
Pontiffs. For Anglicans like Bishop Jewell and Roger 
Ascham he had affection as well as veneration. He was 
equally consistent with himself in celebrating the life 
and work of John Calvin and of the Roman Catholic 
Archbishop of Glasgow, Gavin Dunbar. Narrow sectari- 
anism and the intolerance it inspires were sheer impos- 
sibilities to his rich, kindly humour and his all-embracing 
philanthropy; and he had his reward in a consensu 
of appreciation from men of the most diverse genius and 
sympathy — from the semi-pagan Scaliger to the sceptic 
Gibbon; from the Romanist Dryden to the Tory High 
Churchman Johnson; from the Evangelical Cowper to 
the Anglo-Catholic Keble. — The Scotsman, Edinburgh, ist 
February, 1906. 



Some Distinguished Buchanans. 



Some Distinguished Buchanans. 

Claudius Buchanan, D.D.^ (1766-1815). 

Claudius Buchanan, D.D., a distinguished mis- 
sionary in India, the son of a schoolmaster,^ who 
was afterwards rector of the Grammar School of 
Falkirk, was bom at Cambuslang, in Lanarkshire, 
March 12, 1 766. While yet very young, he became 
tutor to the sons of Campbell of Dunstaffnage, 
and was afterwards employed in the same capacity 
in two other Highland families. In 1782 he 
went to the University of Glasgow, where he only 
remained for two sessions. In 1786 he attended 
one session in the Divinity class. Having indulged 
the romantic idea of making the tour of Europe 
on foot, in imitation of Oliver Goldsmith, he 
left the University and found his way to London, 
where he arrived September 2, 1787. After 
suffering much distress, he succeeded in obtaining 
a situation as clerk, and was next employed by 
a solicitor for three years. Becoming acquainted 
with the Rev. John Newton, of St. Mary's Wool- 
noth, London, the friend of the poet Cowper, he 
was introduced by him to Henry Thornton, Esq., 
who, in 1 79 1, generously sent him to Queen's 
College, Cambridge, where he was senior Wrangler 
of his year. He afterwards repaid Mr. Thornton. 
In September, 1795, he was ordained deacon of 

1 Anderson's Scottish Biographical Dictionary. 

2 His father was Alexander Buchanan, a schoolmaster at Inver- 
ary, where Claudius began his education. Dr. Buchanan was twice 
married and left two daughters by his first wife. 



434 SOME DISTINGUISHED BUCHANANS 

the Church of England, and admitted curate 
to Mr. Newton. On 30th March, 1796, by the 
influence of Mr. Charles Grant, he was appointed 
one of the chaplains to the Honourable East 
India Company; and, having received priest's 
orders, he left Portsmouth for Bengal, August 
II, 1796. 

In 1800, on the institution of the College of 
Fort-William, he was appointed Professor of the 
Greek, Latin, and English Classics, and Vice-Pro- 
vost of that establishment. Deeply versed in the 
oriental languages, he conceived he should best 
promote the honour of God and the happiness 
of mankind, by enabling every one to read the 
Scriptures in his own tongue; and he proposed 
prizes to be competed for by the Universities 
of England and Scotland, for Essays on the dif- 
fusion of Christianity in India. One of the pro- 
ductions which his proposals called forth was a 
poem '* on the Restoration of Learning in the 
East," by Mr. Charles Grant, now Lord Glenelg. In 
1805 he wrote an account of the College of Fort- 
William. The same year the University of Glas- 
gow conferred upon him the degree of D.D. In 
March, 1808, he returned to Europe, and offered 
second prizes, of ;^5oo each, to the Universities 
of Oxford and Cambridge. In the succeeding 
September he went to Scotland, and preached 
in the Episcopal Chapel at Glasgow. In the spring 
of 1809 he spent some days at Oxford, collating 
oriental versions of the Bible. He next pro- 
ceeded to Cambridge, where he deposited some 



SOME DISTINGUISHED BUCHANANS 435 

valuable biblical manuscripts collected by himself 
in India; and the University of which conferred 
on him the degree of D.D. After preaching for 
some time in Welbeck Chapel, London, he retired 
to Kirby Hall, Yorkshire, the seat of his father- 
in-law, Henry Thompson, Esq. He subsequently 
went to reside at Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, where, 
at the time of his death, he was engaged in superin- 
tending an edition of the New Testament for the 
use of the Syriac Christians residing on the coast 
of Malabar. He died there, February 9, 181 5, 
at the early age of 48. Besides some Jubilee 
and other sermons, he published the following 
works : — ' ' Christian Researches in India ;' ' 
" Sketch of an Ecclesiastical Establishment for 
British India;" and '* Colonial Ecclesiastical Estab- 
lishment. ' ' 

David Buchanan^ (1745-1812). 

David Buchanan, an enterprising publisher 
and printer, was bom in Montrose in 1745, and 
studied at the University of Aberdeen, where he 
obtained the usual degree of A.M. When he 
commenced the printing in his native town, that 
art had made comparatively little progress in 
Scotland, and indeed, was practically unknown 
in most of the provincial towns. At an early 
period, he republished several standard works 
in a style equal, if not superior, to anything pre- 
viously attempted in Scotland; among these 
were the Dictionaries of Johnson, Boyer, and 



I Anderson's Scottish Bio^aphical Dictionary. 



L 



436 SOME DISTINGUISHED BUCHANANS 

Ainsworth ; the first of which was then accounted 
a most enterprising and successful undertaking. 
He also printed the first of the small or pocket 
editions of Johnson's Dictionary, which was 
abridged and prepared by himself; to which may 
be added a great variety of the English Classics 
in a miniature form. Being a man of considerable 
classical acquirements, he uniformly revised the 
press himself, correcting the errors of previ- 
ous editions, besides supplying many important 
emendations and additions to the Dictionaries, 
Thus the Montrose Press of that day acquired 
a high reputation, and its productions were ex- 
tensively circulated throughout the empire. Mr. 
Buchanan died in 18 12. David Buchanan had 
three sons David, William and George, who all 
became distinguished. 

The eldest son, David Buchanan, journalist and 
author, was bom in 1779 at Montrose. He be- 
came a contributor to the '^Edinburgh Review" 
shortly after its commencement. In 1807 he pub- 
lished a pamphlet on the volvinteer system origi- 
nated by Pitt, which attracted considerable atten- 
tion. He was the editor of the '* Caledonian 
Mercury" from i8ioto 1827, when he accepted 
the editorship of the '* Edinburgh Courant." In 
1 84 1 he brought out an edition of Adam Smith's 
works, with life, notes, and a voltuneof additional 
matter, and in 1844 he published '' Inquiry into 
the Taxation and Commercial Policy of Great 
Britain, with Observations on the Principles of 



SOME DISTINGUISHED BUCHANANS 437 

Currency and of Exchangeable Value." He also 
brought out an edition of the * ' Edinburgh Gazet- 
teer," and contributed numerous articles to the 
** Encyclopaedia Britannica." He died on the 
13th August, 1848, at Glasgow. 

William Buchanan, a Scotch advocate, bom in 
1 781 at Montrose, was educated at Edinburgh 
University, and called to the Bar in 1806. In 1813 
he published * * Reports of certain Remarkable Cases 
in the Court of Session and Trials in the High 
Court of Justiciary." These reports are marked 
by purity of diction and methodical arrangement. 
In 1856 he was appointed queen's advocate and 
solicitor of teinds and tithes, on the death of Sir 
William Hamilton. He was now the oldest member 
of the Scottish Bar, and peculiarly fitted for his 
office by his antiquarian bent. He published in 
November, 1862, a '' Treatise on the Law of Scot- 
land on the subject of Teinds," immediately recog- 
nized by the whole profession as the standard 
authority on the subject. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of the Rev. James Gregory, minister of 
the parish of Banchory, by whom he had niunerous 
children. He died on the i8th December, 1863. 

George Buchanan, civil engineer of Edinburgh, 
was born about 1790. He was educated at Edin- 
burgh University, and adopted the profession of a 
civil engineer, in which he became eminent. He 
was the author of several scientific treatises, a 
Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, and 



438 SOME DISTINGUISHED BUCHANANS 

President of the Royal Scottish Society of Arts. 
He died on the 30th October, 1852. Dictionary 
of National Biography. 

DuGALD Buchanan^ (17 16-1768). 

Dugald Buchanan, an eminent Gaelic poet, was 
bom in the early part of the eighteenth century, 
in the parish of Balquhidder, Perthshire. Of his 
early life little is known. He first attracted atten- 
tion by the sacred songs which he wrote and 
recited; and on some respectable individual 
inquiring about his history, they found that he 
was the teacher of a small school in a hamlet in 
his native county. Feeling an interest in his 
fate, these friends procured for him the situation 
of Schoolmaster and Catechist at Kinloch-Rannoch 
on the establishment of the Society for Propagating 
Christian Knowledge. He rendered essential ser- 
vice to the Rev. James Stewart of Killin, in trans- 
lating the New Testament into the Gaelic language ; 
and accompanied him into Edinburgh, for the 
purpose of aiding in correcting the press. While 
there, he availed himself of the opportimity to 
attend the university, where he heard lectures 
on anatomy, and the various departments of 
natural philosophy. Some gentlemen, struck by his 
talents, endeavored, unknown to him, to procure 
him a hcense to preach the Gospel; but without 
success. He died July 2, 1768.^ His poems are 



1 Anderson's Scottish Biographical Dictionary. 

2 He was buried at Little Lenny in the parish of Callandar. 



SOME DISTINGUISHED BUCHANANS 439 

allowed to be equal to any in the Gaelic language 
for style, matter, and the harmony of their ver- 
sification. The two most celebrated of them 
are read with perfect enthusiasm by all High- 
landers. 



Lieut. -General Henry James Buchanan, C.B. 
Lieut. -General Henry James Buchanan, C.B., 
late Colonel Norfolk Regiment, was born on ist 
November, 1839, at Dursley, Gloucestershire. He 
was educated at Marlborough, and in 1850 ob- 
tained a commission as ensign in the 47th Foot. 
He served in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55 as 
adjutant of the 47 th Regiment, including the 
battles ot Alma and Inkerman, sortie of 26th 
October, siege and fall of Sebastopol, and was 
appointed Town Major of Sebastopol, and received 
medal with three clasps, Sardinian and Turkish 
medals. Fifth Class of the Medjidie. He com- 
manded a Colimin of the Field Force under Brig. - 
General Ross against the Afreedees on the North - 
West Frontier in 1877-8, for which he was men- 
tioned in despatches, and in 1880 received the 
Companionship of the Bath. He became a major- 
general in 1886, and subsequently held the com- 
mand of a brigade at Aldershot. In 1892 he 
became a Lieut. -General. He married Mary 
Louise, daughter of the Rev. Frederick Mayne, 
and died on the 7 th October, 1903. 



440 SOME DISTINGUISHED BUCHANANS 

Sir John Buchanan of Clarinch, Claremont, 
Cape Town. 

Sir John Ebenezer Buchanan, Knight, of Clare- 
mont, Cape Town, is a grandson of James Bu- 
chanan, who, about the beginning of the last 
century, started the infant school system in Scot- 
land. He began with collecting the children of 
the work people employed in the mills of the well 
known Robert Owen, at New Lanark, on the 
banks of the Clyde. Mr. (afterwards Lord) 
Brougham interested several philanthropists in 
his work, and induced him to remove to London, 
where he opened his first infant school at Brener's 
Green, Westminster. Mr. Benjamin Leigh Smith, 
many years M.P. for Norwich (father of Madame 
Bodichon, one of the founders of Girton College, 
Cambridge) became interested in the venture, 
and built for James Buchanan a new school and 
residence near Vincent Square, Westminster, the 
present playground of the Westminster scholars. 
The work developed into the training of teachers. 
Later on, at Mr. Smith's instance, James Buchanan 
visited Derbyshire and opened a school at Lea, 
near the residence of the immortal Florence 
Nightingale, of Crimean fame, who was a relation 
of Mr. Smith's. Years later, after the younger 
members of the family had emigrated to South 
Africa, James Buchanan joined his daughter 
Annie, who had started a mission school at Mow- 
bray, near Cape Town. Afterwards, he and his 
daughter removed to the adjoining Colony of 



SOME DISTINGUISHED BUCHANANS 44 1 

Natal, where James Buchanan died at the age 
of about 76. His daughter, who remained un- 
married, carried on her school and philanthropic 
labours in Pietermaritzburg for many years and 
died universally respected and beloved. 

James Buchanan's eldest son, William, who 
had been trained as a teacher, was first engaged 
in several private families in England, but about 
the year 1830 he left with his youngest brother, 
David Dale Buchanan, for Australia. Their vessel 
called at Table Bay, and while at Cape Town 
William Buchanan happened to stroll into the 
Commercial Exchange at a time when a public 
meeting was there being held for the purpose of 
promoting education and establishing schools in 
the Colony. He asked and obtained leave to 
address the meeting and so interested the pro- 
moters that they induced the two brothers to 
give up their voyage and to remain at the 
Cape. They afterwards established a private 
school of their own, in which venture they were 
joined by their brother, Ebenezer Buchanan, the 
second son of James Buchanan. The school 
proved a success, but was subsequently broken 
up on the separation of the brothers. 

William Buchanan took up reporting and 
started the Commercial Advertiser newspaper, 
which ran for a number of years after he had 
retired from active life. He became official short- 
hand writer to the Legislative Council and died 
in Cape Town. He had several children, none 



442 SOME DISTINGUISHED BUCHANANS 

of whom survive, but his eldest grandson, WilHam 
Porter Buchanan, is now a successful barrister, 
practising in the Supreme Court of the Colony. 
In 1838, the well-known South Sea Missionary, 
the Rev. John Williams, visited Cape Town, and 
induced Ebenezer Buchanan and his newly wedded 
wife to accompany him for a period of five years, 
for the purpose of starting schools in the distant 
mission field. Ebenezer Buchanan remained in 
the South Sea Islands for eleven instead of five 
years, engaged in most useful and successful 
work under the auspices of the London Missionary 
Society. He returned to England in 1850 and 
shortly afterwards started with his young family 
for Natal, where his younger brother, David Dale 
Buchanan, had preceded him. He became a 
Solicitor of the Supreme Court and filled many 
positions of trust, being Town Clerk and City 
Treasurer of Pietermaritzburg, the Capital of the 
Colony, for upwards of twenty years. He died 
at the age of 85, nearly completing the jubilee of 
his diamond wedding. His wife survived him 
about three years and attained the same age, 
near the end of the last century. The worthy 
old couple had lived in the reigns of four British 
sovereigns. Their eldest surviving son, now Sir 
John Buchanan, also adopted the profession of 
the law, and after being called to the Bar at the 
Inner Temple, practised in the Supreme Court of 
Cape Colony. He became a Judge of that Court 
in 1880, and has repeatedly acted as Chief Jus- 



SOME DISTINGUISHED BUCHANANS 443 

tice of the Colony and President of the Legis- 
lative Council. He has had a very full and varied 
public career and is still on the Bench. His 
younger surviving brothers and sisters are resident 
in Natal or the Transvaal, and their families are 
to be found in several of the different South 
African Colonies. Sir John Buchanan's eldest 
son, Douglas M. Buchanan, is a barrister, and 
has commenced practice in the Cape Supreme 
Court. 

The youngest son of James Buchanan, David 
Dale Buchanan, after the breaking up of the 
brothers' school in Cape Town, removed to Natal, 
in the early days of that settlement. He started 
the Natal Witness newspaper, a journal which 
still has a flourishing existence. He also entered 
the legal profession, and, though generally on 
the people's side in the contest with the auto- 
cratic government of the early days of the Crown 
Colony, he was called upon to act as Attorney 
General before the establishment of a parliament 
in Natal. He was an elected member of the first 
Legislature and always to the front in all public 
movements. He died in 1874, but left a distinct 
impress on the history of that young Colony. 
He has many descendants in Natal and the Trans- 
vaal.^ 

Sir John Ebenezer Buchanan was bom on the 
8th March, 1844, and was called to the Bar of 



I The above account was kindly communicated by Sir John 
Buchanan in 1906. 



444 SOME DISTINGUISHED BUCHANANS 

the Inner Temple in 1873. In 1880, he was 
appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court of the 
Cape of Good Hope, and in 1901 received the 
honour of knighthood. He married, in 1878. 
Mary H., daughter of D. Mudie, of Cape Town, 
His eldest son, Douglas Mudie Buchanan, M.A., 
barrister, married, in 1909, Elsie, daughter of 
J. Bryant Lindley, C.M.G., of Barber House, 
Claremont. 



Sir George Buchanan, M.D., F.R.S. 

We regret to announce the death, on Sunday, of Sir 
George Buchanan, M.D., F.R.S. , formerly medical officer 
to the Local Government Board. He was known, by his 
intimate friends, to have been in ill-health for some years; 
and it was this that led him to resign his official position 
early in 1892. Latterly it became necessary, with a view 
to the prolongation of his life, that he should submit to 
an operation; but at this juncture Lord Basing died, and 
Sir George was asked to take the chairmanship of the 
Royal Commission on Tuberculosis, which has recently 
reported. After much hesitation he accepted the post, 
and he told one of his friends that in this he was mainly 
actuated by the desire to serve his Sovereign, in one or 
other capacity, as long as he possibly could. With very 
considerable labour, he brought the proceedings of the 
Commission to a close, and directly the report was issued 
he submitted to the necessary operation. It was eminently 
successful, and convalescence was fully established. 
But on Sunday morning he was seized with a sudden 
faintness and pain in the heart, and he died in a few minutes. 
He will always be remembered as a leader in the great 
progress that has been made in this country in that branch 



SOME DISTINGUISHED BUCHANANS 445 

of his profession known as preventive medicine or public 
hygiene, and his contributions to official public health 
literature are recognized as classical wherever the English 
language is understood. 

Bom in 183 1 in Myddelton-square, where his father* 
was in practice as a surgeon, Sir George was educated 
at University College, on whose council he served for 
many years. He took an active part in matters affording 
University education for women. He was also member 
of Senate of the University of London from 1882. 

Sir George graduated in 1856, and was one of the first 
medical officers of health in London, being appointed to 
St. Giles's in 1856. He originated methods of inquiry 
in sanitary matters not before attempted, working at the 
relation of overcrowding and other insanitary conditions 
of disease, at the prevention of smallpox and cholera, 
and originating a system of collecting statistical informa- 
tion of the public health of the district. The results of 
this work were soon appreciated. As a physician to the 
London Fever Hospital, he further became known as an 
investigator of scientific problems. In 1861, he was asked 
by the Privy Council to assist in the elucidation of various 
sanitary questions. He conducted a systematic inquiry 
into the working of the Vaccination Acts, an inquiry 
which had for one of its results the amendment of these 
Acts by that of 1867. In 1862, he was employed to in- 
quire into the occurrence of typhus fever in some of the 
northern towns during the cotton famine, and, in 1865, 
he inspected 25 towns in order to report upon the improved 
health which had followed from the adoption of better 
methods of drainage, of filth removal, and of water supply. 
His report gave a great impulse to similar reforms elsewhere. 
Incidentally he discovered the extent to which mortality 
from consumption could be diminished by drainage. 



George Adam Buchanan. 



44^ SOME DISTINGUISHED BUCHANANS 

In 1869, Dr. Buchanan was permanently appointed as a 
medical inspector under the Privy Council; in 187 1, he 
was transferred to the Local Government Board as as- 
sistant medical officer; and in 1879, he succeeded to the 
headship of his department. The defences against cholera, 
which have lately been used with so much effect by his 
successor, Dr. Thome Thome, were largely of his sugges- 
tion and organization; and, zealously seconded by able 
subordinates, he has reduced the preventable mortality 
of England in a very remarkable degree. 

In 1892, on his retirement, Dr. Buchanan received 
the barren honour of knighthood; but the Lords of the 
Treasury, or their subordinates, refused to consider his 
almost continuous services from 186 1 to 1869 as " official " 
work, or to reckon the eight years during which they 
were rendered as time counting towards the increase of 
the scanty pension which was the sole reward of his ser- 
vices. In his own profession he was held in high esteem. 

Sir George was twice married: first, to a daughter^ of 
the late Mr. George Murphy; secondly, to a daughter^ of 
the late Dr. Edward Seaton. He leaves two sons and 
four daughters, his eldest son^ being a medical inspector 
to the Local Government Board. Of his daughters, one 
was the first lady elected to the Fellowship of the University 
of London, and another is a B.Sc. of the same University. 
—The Times, May, 1895. 



Mr. Robert Buchanan* (1841-1901). 

We regret to leam that Mr. Robert Buchanan's long 
illness ended yesterday in his death at Streatham, in the 



1 Mary Murphv. 

2 Alice Mary Asmar Seaton. 

3 Dr. George Seaton Buchanan. 

4 In 1903, his sister-in-law published an account of his life, Robert 
Buclianan, Some Account of His Life, His Life's Work and Literary 
Friendships, by Harriett Jay (Unwins). 



\ 



SOME DISTINGUISHED BUCHANANS 447 

house of his sister-in-law and sometime collaborator, Miss 
Harriet Jay. He was in his 6oth year. In the middle of 
October, last year, Mr. Buchanan was struck down by 
paralysis without any warning. He had been in indifferent 
health for some time before, and had been obliged almost 
to give up work, depending upon the assistance of friends 
and a small Government pension. His savings had been 
swept away in a disastrous speculation, which obliged 
him to go through the Bankruptcy Court and to part with 
all his copyrights. Just before the stroke of paralysis, 
however, he had begun to gain strength and to recover his 
spirits, and had taken up work again. In his helpless 
state, he had once more to rely upon the aid of friends. 
He had been a very generous man when he was prosperous 
himself. He had never refused help to any one in distress, 
and in his time of need he was generously assisted. His 
old friend Mr. John Coleman, actor and author, busied 
himself in starting a fund, and enough money was raised 
to meet the immediate needs of the case. It was seen 
from the first that no permanent recovery could be hoped 
for, and the end has come as a merciful release from a 
state of the most pitiful helplessness and living death. 

Mr. Buchanan was a man of great mental activity, who 
seemed, at one time, to be in the way to become a per- 
manent intellectual force. Twenty-five years ago, he 
was regarded by many good judges as the coming poet. 
But his energies were at once too widespread and too 
undisciplined for his mind to make a mark upon the age. 
It was not the fact that he was " ever a fighter " which 
told against him ; it was his method of controversy and the 
nature of the subjects which took him into the field. Ac- 
tivity of mind he inherited, for his father was, in his own 
words, a "Socialist missionary," lecturer, and journalist;* 



I His father was Robert Buchanan (1813-1866), Socialist and 
Journalist. 



44^ SOME DISTINGUISHED BUCHANANS 

and no doubt he inherited, too, that dissatisfaction with 
the world as it is which came out especially in his later 
life, and which made his humour often bitter and his en- 
deavours to alter this " sorry scheme of things " seem 
over-hasty and petulant. Had he devoted himself with 
single aim either to poetry or to fiction, or even to criticism, 
he would probably have gained a lasting name. As it is, 
the future chronicler of letters will take note of him mainly 
as a very industrious worker in various fields of literature, 
who was once connected with an incident that greatly 
stirred the literary world. This incident was, of course, 
Buchanan's attack upon Rossetti in the pseudonymous 
article called " The Fleshly School of Poetry " which 
appeared in the Contemporary Review in 187 1. Even 
to those who do not recollect the article, the nature of 
the attack is sufficiently indicated by its title. In itself, 
it was unimportant — merely one of those attacks to which 
most poets of distinction are subjected in the course of 
their careers. Mr. Buchanan himself soon saw that he had 
done Rossetti an injustice, and showed it, among other 
ways, by dedicating " God and the Man " to "An Old 
Enemy." But it created some sensation at the time, and 
in Rossetti 's life it became " deplorably prominent," since, 
according to his brother, it happened just at the worst 
possible moment and had an effect upon the poet's mind 
from which he never recovered. 

At the time when this incident brought him prominently 
into the public eye Mr. Buchanan had already attracted 
notice by his poetry. His first book, issued in i860, was 
dedicated to the memory of his unfortunate friend, David 
Gray, with whom he first came to London. They were 
at Glasgow University together, and, both bitten by the 
desire of literary fame, they determined to take their 
fortunes to the great city where they were sure speedy 
recognition and fame awaited them. The sequel was sad. 



SOME DISTINGUISHED BUCHANANS 449 

Gray, a delicate lad, gradually wasted away in consump- 
tion, and he died before he had time to give full proof of 
his talent. Mr. Buchanan felt his loss keenly and always 
spoke of this early friendship with touching, wistful pathos. 
He himself was of more robust constitution, and he soon 
found his place in the world of letters. His work improved 
rapidly, and the reputation that he and Gray had dreamed 
of came to him in full measure. His first book of poems, 
'* Undertones," appeared in i860, and his talent was 
recognized at once. The dedication verses " To David 
in Heaven " were of a moving pathos and beauty, and 
the young writer's gift of expression was clear proof of 
poetic power. "London Poems" (1866) brought him 
into wider notice. The lyrics which composed it were 
the outcome of his life — a lonely and, for the most part, 
a sad life — in a London garret. They hit off phases and 
episodes, now with humour, now with a pathetic force that 
touched the chord of tears, always vividly and effectively . 
*' Napoleon Fallen " was ambitious, too ambitious for his 
powers, but there are fine passages in it. The same may 
be said about " The City of Dream," which, however, won 
public praise from Mr. Lecky. Mr. Buchanan's verse 
came too easily and he was too little self-critical to distil 
his inspiration into the vessels that would best have held it. 
vStill, he had an individual talent; and, although it was 
intermittent, there was inspiration in his work. If he 
had kept to poetry, the promise of his youth might have 
been fulfilled. But his energies were dissipated in too 
many directions at once. He became a novelist and a 
playwright as well as a poet and critic. His fiction was 
vigorous and often boldly original. " God and the Man " 
is the best remembered of his novels, but there were 
several others well above the average. He was no more 
constant, however, to novel -writing than he had been to 
poetry. He found a profitable outlet for his energies in 



450 SOME DISTINGUISHED BUCHANANS 

the drama, and for a number of years he provided the 
stage with a fairly constant succession of plays of all kinds. 
His greatest success was with an adaptation of "Tom 
Jones " which was played at the Vaudeville Theatre under 
the name of Sophia for nearly two years. Encouraged 
by this, he extracted plays also from " Joseph Andrews " 
and " Clarissa Harlo we " and managed again to hit the 
popular taste. Among his other successful efforts in this 
line was a familiar melodrama called Alone in London, which 
still holds the stage. 

Of late, Mr. Buchanan had turned again to verse, but, 
though there was still plenty of vigour, there were lacking 
the poetic qualities that promised well in his earlier work. 
He had been for several years his own publisher, but he 
undertook this additional labour too late to profit much 
by it. — The Times, July ii, 1901. 



Some Buchanans in the United 
States of America. 



Some Buchanans in the United 
States of America. 



Family of James Buchanan, XVth President 
OF THE United States of America. 

Thomas Buchanan, of Ramelton, in the 
county of Donegal, was the fourth son of George 
Buchanan, of Blairlusk. He had a son, the father 
of, 

John Buchanan, of Ramelton, who mar- 
ried Jane, daughter of Samuel Russell, and had 
two sons, (i) James, of whom hereafter, and (2) 
John, who died in Ireland. 

James Buchanan, born about 1761, emi- 
grated to the United States in 1783; married, 
in 1788, Elizabeth Speer, and died in 182 1, leaving 
issue: — (i) James Buchanan, who became fifteenth 
President of the United States of America; (2) 
WiUiam Speer Buchanan, died s.p. ; (3) George 
W. Buchanan, died s.p. ; (4) Revd. Edward Young 
Buchanan, D.D. (Oxford), of Philadelphia, Pa.; 
married 1833, Ann Elizabeth, daughter of Wil- 
liam B. Foster, of Pittsburg, Pa., and had, with 
other children, (i) James, (2) Edward Young, 
(3) William Foster, (4) Maria Lois, married 
Alexander J. Cassatt, of Philadelphia, and had 
Edward Buchanan ; Katherine Kelso ; Robert ; and 



454 SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 

Elizabeth Alice Conyngham, who was married to 
Maskell Ewing, of Philadelphia, (5) Jane, married 
18 13, Elliott T. Lane, and had James Bu- 
chanan; Mary, wife of George W. Baker, of 
Lancaster, Pa., died s.p. ; Harriet Jane, mar- 
ried Henry Elliott Johnston, of Baltimore, Md., 
and had James Buchanan, bom 1866, died 1881; 
and Henry Elliott. 

James Buchanan, fifteenth President of the 
United States of America, was born at Stony 
Batter, near Mercersburg, in Franklin County, 
Pennsylvania, on the 23rd April, 1791. He was 
admitted to the Bar of the State of Pennsylvania 
in 181 2, and became Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Russia from 1831 to 
1833, when he was elected a Senator. From 1853 
to 1856, he was Ambassador of the United States 
at the Court of St. James, and President of the 
United States from 1857 to 1861. He died un- 
married at Wheatlands, near Lancaster, Penn- 
sylvania, on the I St June, 1868. 



Buchanans of Cumberland County, and later 
OF Meadville, Pennsylvania. 

The ancestor of this family was Robert Bu- 
chanan, of CO. Tyrone, Ireland, son of Patrick 
Buchanan, of co. Tyrone, who is said to have 
been a son of William Buchanan, of Tyrone, son 
of George Buchanan, of Blairlusk, who sold that 
estate and emigrated to Ireland in 1672. 



SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 455 

Robert Buchanan, of co. Tyrone, had two 
sons: — (i) General Thomas Buchanan, who re- 
moved from CO. Tyrone, Ireland, to Cumberland 
CO., Pennsylvania, and was a Commander of the 
Pennsylvania Line during the war of the Revolu- 
tion. He married and left four daughters, who 
were all living in 1857, but without issue. 

(2) Captain Alexander Buchanan, was born 
in Ireland in 1760, and also emigrated to Cumber- 
land CO. He was an officer in the Pennsylvania 
Line during the Revolution, and married, 30th 
March, 1796, Elizabeth Leonard, bom 4th March, 
1772. He removed, in 1797, to Meadville, Penn- 
sylvania, where he died on the 8th May, 1810, 
leaving issue: — 

I. Robert Buchanan, of " Green Hill," 
Clifton, Cincinnati, Ohio, bom Westmoreland 
CO., Pennsylvania, on the 15th January, 1797, 
and settled, in 18 11, in Cincinnati, Ohio. 
He married, 31st October, 1822, Harriet 
Susan Lee-Wright Browning, bom 2nd May, 
1802, only daughter of Thomas Browning, 
of Mason co., Kentucky; and died on the 
23rd April, 1879, having had issue: — Charles 
MacAllister Buchanan, of Clifton, Cincinnati, 
bom 6th January, 1835; married, 9th June, 
1857, Emily Corneha, eldest daughter of A. J. 
Wheeler, of Clifton, Cincinnati, and had, 
Robert Buchanan, of Toledo, Ohio. 

II. James, died s.p. 



456 SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 

III. Mary, married William Compton, and 
had issue. 

IV. Alexander Buchanan, married Caro- 
line Compton, and had issue: — (i) William 
Buchanan, died in 1894, without issue; (2) 
Edward Buchanan, White Cloud, Kansas; 
(3) Mary, married M. E. Shrom, whose 
daughter, Clara S., is married to Edwin S. 
Templeton, Attomey-at-Law, Greenville, 

Pennsylvania; (4) Elizabeth, married 

Smith; (5) Colonel Robert Buchanan, St. 
Louis, Missouri; (6) Rebecca, married, in 
1869, Corinth J. T. Bensen, Meadville, Penn- 
sylvania, and had issue, Caroline Gertrude 
Bensen and Mary Buchanan Bensen, Mead- 
ville; (7) Sarah, married J. C. Smith, Mead- 
ville; (8) David Buchanan, Meadville; (9) 
Alexander Buchanan, died in 1866, without 
issue. 

V. Thomas Buchanan, died s.p. 

VI. Sarah, married to Dr. Edward Ellis, 
Meadville, and had issue: — Ruth Elizabeth, 
who married Revd. Morrison Byllesby, Pitts- 
burg, and had issue. 

VII. John Buchanan, who married and 
left one daughter. 



SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 457 

Thomas Buchanan, of Wall Street, 
New York. 

Thomas Buchanan, the eldest son of George 
Buchanan and Jean Lowden, his wife, was bom 
on the 24th December, 1744, at Glasgow, in 
Scotland, where his father was a wealthy mer- 
chant. Thomas Buchanan went to New York 
when he was about 18 years of age, and shortly 
after entered into business with Mr. Walter 
Buchanan, a cousin of his father, at that time 
engaged in business in New York, the firm being 
known as Walter and Thomas Buchanan. He 
became a member of the Buchanan Society in 
1765. Remarried Almy Townsend, daughter of 
Jacob and Mercy Townsend, of Jericho, Long 
Island, and died at his residence in Wall Street, 
on the loth September, 18 15. He left eight 
children, of whom, Jean, his eldest daughter, 
died unmarried; Almy married Peter P. Goelet, 
the grandfather of the late Robert and Ogden 
Goelet and of Elbridge T. Gerry and Mrs. Fred- 
erick Gallatin ; Margaret married Robert R. Goelet, 
whose daughter married Elbert Kip; Martha 
married Thomas Hicks, son of Whitehead Hicks, 
Mayor of New York; Elizabeth married Samuel 
Gilford, father of Thomas Buchanan Gilford, who 
married Sarah Parkin, and has three sons, Samuel 
Gilford; Thomas Buchanan Gilford, who married 
Mrs. David Trumbull Lanman Robinson, daughter 
of the late Colonel and Mrs. Frances Carpenter 



I 



458 SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 

Hooten, of Philadelphia; and John Parkin Gilford, 
who married Emily Louisa, daughter of the late 
Joseph Lentilhon; George, his only son, died 
unmarried; Hannah died unmarried, and Frances, 
the youngest child, married Thomas C. Pearsall. 



The Buchanans of New Orleans and of 

Jeffersonville, Indiana, and 

Louisville, Kentucky. 

Captain William Eccles Buchanan, R.A., of 
Fintona, county Tyrone, Ireland, served through 
the Peninsular War and was present at the 
Battle of Waterloo, at which he was severely 
wounded, and though he lived some years after- 
wards, died from the effects of his wounds. His 
uncle, or grandfather, was General William Bu- 
chanan, R.A., who was Lieutenant-Colonel Royal 
Regiment of Artillery in Ireland, in 1795, ^.nd 
held the rank of Colonel in 1802. In the Army 
List of 1803, his name appears on the list of Colon- 
els and on the list of Officers of the '' Late Royal 
Irish Artillery, who have been allowed to retire 
on their Full Pay." Captain William Eccles 
Buchanan was twice married, his first wife was 
Elizabeth, daughter of the Revd. Dean Paul, 
and had issue: — 

I. William Eccles Buchanan, born 26th 
December, 181 7, at Fintona, who went to 
America and settled at New Orleans. He 
married, on the i8th December, 1841, at 



SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 459 

Louisville, Kentucky, Sarah Eliza, daughter 
of James Wamock Buchanan, M.D., Royal 
Navy. William Eccles, the younger, died 
in May, 1859, and left issue: — George L. 
Buchanan, of Jeffersonville ; Spence Abinger 
Buchanan; Eulalie M. Buchanan, d.s.p. ; Ec- 
cles C. Buchanan, married, and has a son, 
Aaron Everly Buchanan, who is married and 
resides in the City of Mexico; and James 
Wamock Buchanan, of Jeffersonville. 

2. Jane Buchanan. 

3. Robert Buchanan, settled in Missouri, 
married and died there. 

Captain William Eccles Buchanan married, 
secondly, a sister of Andrew Buchanan, of Louis- 
ville, and of George Buchanan, of St. Louis, 
Missouri, and died in the Isle of Man. Andrew 
Buchanan, of Louisville, had a son, George Coulter 
Buchanan, living, in 1900, in that place. 

James Wamock Buchanan, whose daughter 
married William Eccles Buchanan, the younger, 
was the second son of John Buchanan, of Tatty- 
keel and Botera, county Tyrone, Ireland. This 
John Buchanan, who died about 1799, had three 
sons : — 

1. George Buchanan. 

2. James Wamock Buchanan, M.D., 
Royal Navy, who married Georgina, youngest 
daughter of Sir Patrick Spence, of Jamaica, 
and had three children, all bom in Jamaica: — 

(i). Mary Jane. 



460 SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 

(2). Sarah Eliza, who was married to 
William Eccles Buchanan, of New Orieans. 
(3). William Allen Buchanan, late of 
Asheville, North Carolina, left issue: — 
Stella Buchanan, married Mr. Barrett and 
died leaving two sons; William Allen Bu- 
chanan, younger, of Asheville; Georgiana 
Buchanan, married at Venice, Italy, Mr. 
Duckett, of New York City, and James 
Wathen Buchanan, of Asheville. 
3. John Buchanan, who was first an 
officer in the British Army, and later, a 
clergyman in the Church of England. He 
married and left two daughters, who married 
and lived in England. He died about i860, 
at Aldershot, in England. 



The Buchanans of Druid Hill, Baltimore. 

Dr. George Buchanan, the third son of Mungo 
Buchanan, W.S., of Hilltoun and Auchintorlie, 
was bom in 1698 and went to America in 1723, 
acquiring lands in Maryland, which he called 
Druid Hill, on the site of what is now the City of 
Baltimore. In 1727, he was admitted a Member 
of the Buchanan Society. He married Eleanor, 
daughter of Nicholas Rogers, and died 23rd April, 
1750, having had issue: — 

I. Lloyd, bom 1729, who married, and 
had a daughter, Eleanor, married to her 
cousin, Nicholas Rogers. Their son, Lloyd 



SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 46 1 

Nicholas Rogers, married Eliza, daughter of 
Thomas Law and had a son, Edmund Law 
Rogers. 

2. Eleanor, married Richard Croxall, and 
died s.p. 

3. Andrew. 

4. Archibald, d.s.p. 

5. George, died unmarried. 

6. Elizabeth, married James Gittings, and 
had issue. 

7. James, died unmarried. 

8. Katherine, died unmarried. 

9. William, bom 1748, died 1824, who 
was twice married, and had, among other 
issue, (i) the Hon. James Madison Buchanan, 
U.S. Minister to Denmark, bom 1803, died in 

1876; who had issue, William Jefferson, 
James Madison, John R., Edmund Key and 
Harney. (2) Charles A. Buchanan, who 
had one son, James HoUis Buchanan. 
n. Andrew Buchanan, second son of Dr. 
George Buchanan, was bom 22nd October, 1734, 
and died 12th March, 1786. He was General of 
the Maryland Troops and Presiding Justice of 
Baltimore. He married Susan Lawson, and had 
issue: — (i) Dorothy, married Benjamin Lowndes; 
(2) George; (3) Alexander Pitt, whose descendants 
are in Tennessee; (4) Andrew, father of Brevet- 
Major General Robert Christie Buchanan, U.S. 
Army, who died in 1878, leaving no issue; (5) 
Elizabeth, married David C. Stewart; (6) Lloyd 



462 SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 

Archibald; (7) Susannah, married Thomas John- 
ston. 

III. Dr. George Buchanan, eldest son of 
General Andrew Buchanan, was born 17th Sep- 
tember, 1763. He removed to Philadelphia in 
1806, and died 9th July, 1808. He married, in 
1789, Laetetia McKean, daughter of Hon. Thomas 
McKean, Governor of Pennsylvania, formerly 
Chief Justice of Pennsylvania, Delegate to the 
Continental Congress of which he was President, 
and had issue: — (i) George of Auchintorlie, Penn- 
sylvania, bom 1796 and died 1879; (2) McKean, 
of whom afterwards, and (3) FrankHn, bom 17th 
September, 1800, in Baltimore; entered the United 
States Navy in 1 8 1 5 ; organized the Naval Academy 
in 1845; ^^^ entered the Confederate Navy with 
the rank of Captain. He commanded the " Mer- 
rimac " in the attack on the Federal Fleet in 
Hampton Roads, when the "Cumberland" was sunk 
and the '* Congress ' ' on which his brother, McKean 
Buchanan, was Paymaster, was blown up. He 
was so severely wounded in this action, that he 
could not take command of his vessel in the en- 
gagement which took place on the next day with 
the " Monitor." For his gallantry at this time, 
he was thanked by the Confederate Congress and 
raised to the rank of Admiral and Senior Officer 
of the Confederate Navy. Subsequently, he was 
placed in command of the Naval defences of 
Mobile, and then appointed to superintend the 
construction of the ironclad ram, " Tennessee," 



SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 463 

which he commanded during the action with the 
Union Fleet in Mobile Bay on the 5th of August, 
1864. He was again wounded and taken prisoner, 
but was exchanged in February following, and 
died on the nth May, 1874. He married Nannie 
Lloyd, daughter of Governor Edward Lloyd, of 
Wye House, Maryland, and left a large family. 

IV. McKean Buchanan, Pay Director, U.S. 
Navy, bom 27th July, 1798; married, in 1834, 
Frances Selina, daughter of Col. Isaac Roberdeau, 
Chief Topographical Engineer, U.S. Army, and 
died 1 8th March, 187 1, leaving a son, Roberdeau, 
and a daughter, Laetetia McKean, born 24th 
December, 1842; married 3rd October, 1867, G. F. 
Fife, Asst. Surgeon, U.S. Navy, by whom she 
had issue, George Buchanan Fife, boni 9th August, 
1869. 

V. Roberdeau Buchanan, Assistant in the 
Nautical Almanac Office, U.S. Naval Observatory, 
at Washington, bom 22nd November, 1839, in 
Philadelphia, is the male representative of Dr. 
George Buchanan, the first. He took his scien- 
tific degree at Harvard University and subse- 
quently received an appointment in the U.S. 
Patent Office, at Washington. He has published 
genealogies of the Roberdeau, McKean and Ship- 
pen families, and has written " The Mathematical 
Theory of Eclipses," " The Projection of the 
Sphere " and the " Introductions to the Differ- 
ential Calculus by means of Finite Differences." 



464 SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATJgS 

He married 12th September, 1888, Eliza M. 
Peters, of Washington, a descendant of Sir Chas. 
Burdett, Bart. 



The Family of Sir Francis James Buchanan 
and of the buchanans of maryland. ^ 

The family of the late Sir Francis James 
Buchanan, R.A., and of Thomas Buchanan, who 
settled in Maryland, is descended from the Rev. 
Charles Buchanan, a Scotch clergyman who settled 
in England. The Rev. Charles Buchanan had, 
besides a daughter married to Mr. Britton, a son, 
Charles Buchanan, who lived in London, and died 
at Camberwell. This Charles Buchanan was twice 
married, and had by his first wife, a Scotch lady, 
two sons: — 

I. Francis James Buchanan (Sir), who 
entered the British Army, was knighted, in 
1762, for his services at the storming of 
Havana, and died a Lieutenant-Colonel of 
Artillery, in 1787. He married, in America, 
a Miss Farquar, and had a son, who died in 
his father's Hfetime, and a daughter Eliza, 
married to Major Thomas Reed of Dublin, ^ 



1 This family claims to be descended from Buchanan of Lenny. 

2 Mrs. Cecil Frances Alexander was born in Dublin in i8i8;her 
father, Major John Humphreys, of Milltown House, Strabane, came 
of an old Norfolk family. He joined the Royal Marines in 1798, and 
fought under Nelson at Copenhagen in 1801. He afterwards went 
through a campaign in the West Indies, and on his return home 
invalided was made brigade major of County Tyrone. When the 
yeomanry were disbanded, he filled, for some time, an important 
official appointment in Dublin, afterwards becoming agent to the Earl 



SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 465 

father of General Sir Thomas Reed, K.C.B., 
of Ampfield House, Hants. General Reed, who 
was bom in 1796, served in the Peninsular 
War and was present at the Battle of Water- 
loo. In 1846, he commanded a Brigade of 
the Army of the Sutlej, and, in 1856, a 
Division of the Madras Army. He married, 
in 1835, Elizabeth Jane, daughter of John 
Clayton, ' of Enfield Old Park, Middlesex, 
and granddaughter of Charles Buchanan, and 
had a son. Major Francis James Buchanan 
Reed, 51st Foot, and two daughters. He 
died in 1883 at Romsey. 

n. Thomas Buchanan, who settled in 
Maryland about 1760, married Mary Cook, 
daughter of William Cook, of Graden, Prince 
George County, Maryland, and of his wife, 
Eliza Tighlman. He had two sons: — 

I. Thomas Buchanan, born in Prince 
George County, Maryland, September 25th, 
1778, and died September 28th, 1847. 



of Wicklow; and, subsequently, to the late Duke of Abercorn, whom 
he served in that capacity during the remainder of his life. Major 
Humphreys married a daughter of Cr;ptain Reed, of Dublin, and Mrs. 
Reed, a daughter of General Sir James Buchanan, K.C.B. Mrs. 
ilumphreys' brothers, Colonel John Reed and Sir Thomas Reed, 
G.C.B., were distinguished soldiers. In October, 1850, Cecil Frances 
Humphreys married the Rev. William Alexander, then Rector of 
Termonamongan, now Primate of All Ireland. Mrs. Alexander's fame 
as a poetess rests chiefly on her sicred songs. Mrs. Alexander died at 
the Palace, Dcrry, on the 12th October, 1895. **Not*son the Literary 
History of Strabane" Tyrone Constitution^ June, tgoj, 

I On the 8th inst., at Bathwick Church, Lieut.-Colonel T. Reed, of 
the 62nd Regt., to Elizibeth Jane, eldest daughter; and the Rev. 
James Bliss, M.A., of Oriel College, Oxford, to Emily Mary, third 
daughter of John Clayton, Esq., of Enfield Old Park, Middlesex, and 
of Pulteney Street, Bath. (The Spectator, 17th January, 1835.^ 



466 SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 

He was Judge of the Fourth Judicial Dis- 
trict of Maryland, and Associate Justice of 
the Supreme Court of that State. He 
married Rebecca Maria Harriet, daughter 
of James Anderson, banker, of Maryland 
(who died in 1840), and had issue: — (i) 
Dr. James Anderson Buchanan, born 
1804, married twice, and, by his first 
marriage, had Thomas Buchanan, bom 
1829, died in 1854; Harriet, bom 1833, mar- 
ried to Cumberland Dugan, of Baltimore ; 
by his second marriage, he had Mary Ander- 
son, bom in 1840, died in 1863; Anna, born 
ini84i, died in 1863; James A. Buchanan, 
Brigadier-General United States Army, 
Washington, D.C., bom December nth, 
1843, married 1855, Helen Warren Meyers; 
(2) Thomas, who died about 1845, un- 
married; (3) Mrs. Steele; (4) Mrs. Mac- 
pherson; (5) Mrs. John R. Dall, and (6) 
Harriet Rebecca Anderson Buchanan, bom 
in 1803, died in 1872. 

2. John Buchanan, born in 1772, died 
in 1844, who became Chief Justice of the 
State of Maryland. 

3. Mary, (Mrs. Pottinger) of Hagers- 
town, Maryland, died in 1851, in her 88th 
year, and had issue. Dr. John Hudson 
Pottinger. 

4. Sophie, married Dr. Duckett, of 
Maryland. 



SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 467 

By his second marriage Charles Buchanan 
had a son, Charles Buchanan, and a daughter, 
Arabella, who was married to Mr. Donne, son of 
Dr. Donne, of Norwich, by whom she had a son, 
Charles, who went to India and died there without 
issue, and three daughters, Mrs. Harvey, Mrs. 
Fields and Mrs. Bliss. 

III. Charles Buchanan, of Frodsham co., 
Chester, who mairied twice. By his first 
wife, a French lady, he had three sons and 
one daughter, but only the second son 
Charles, left issue. By his second wife, 
Elizabeth Ashley, of Frodsham, Chester, he 
had, with other issue: — (i) Thomas Buchanan, 
who died unmarried; (2) Daniel Buchanan, 
of Overton, Liverpool, who married Elizabeth 
Owen, by whom he had Charles Benn, Daniel 
Cranmer, Thomas Owen, William Henry, 
George Frederick, Eliza Ann, James Clayton, 
Emily Cranmer, Margaret Louisa and Mary 
Ann; (3) Elizabeth; (4) Margaret, died un- 
married; (5) Arabella, died unmarried; (6) 
Jane, who married John Clayton, of Enfield 
Old Park, Middlesex, and died, leaving is- 
sue: — Rev. John Henry Clayton, of Enfield 
Old Park, bom 1809 ; WiUiam Ashley Clayton; 
Thomas Arthur Clayton; Elizabeth Jane, 
Arabella, Emily Mary, Mary Ann and Mar- 
garet Harriet. 

Charles Buchanan died, in January, 1804, 
at Burton-on-Trent. 



468 SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 

The Buchanans of Ulster County and 
Orange County, New York.^ 

I. Robert Buchanan, born about 1700, in 
Ireland, emigrated to America, in 1737, and settled 
in the Wallkill Valley, west of Newburgh-on- 
Hudson, Province of New York. He was a builder 
and was in the first military corps organized 
(1738) in Ulster County. He married Catherine 
McDonnell, and had at least five sons: — i. James, 
bom 1723, in Ireland, died 1775; 2. Robert, a 
builder, who, in 1780, had served twenty -two 
years in Colonial wars and the Revolution, bom 
about 1734 in Ireland, and died about 18 18, at 
Milford, Pike County, Pennsylvania. He married 
Ehzabeth, daughter of Alexander Falls, Sr., 
of Orange County, New York, and had issue: 
(i) Alexander, bom in 1757, in Newburgh, New 
York; died in Milford, immarried. He was a 
soldier in the Revolution. (2) Jane, bom, in 1759, 
in Newburgh, married Joseph Greer, of Orange 
County, and had, among other issue, Joseph 
Greer, a judge of the Sussex County Court, New 
Jersey, and George, a sugar refiner and an ex- 
tensive freeholder in New York, who was the 
father of Charles Greer, of *' Brookside Farm," 
Rye, N.Y., and of his sister, the wife of J. Edward 
Simmons, President of the Chamber of Commerce, 
New York; (3) James Buchanan, bom in 1 761, 



1 The account of this family is compiled from information 
supplied by Mr. Chauncey K. Buchanan of Tarrytown, New York. 



SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 469 

a soldier in the Revolution, died in Haverstraw; 
<4) George, who wrote his name Bowhanan, born 
in 1763, twice married, — first, in 1795, to Susan 
Eldred; (5) Arthur, bom in 1766, near Gk)shen, 
N.Y., died, in 1824, at Milford, married Mary 
(Polly), daughter of Jabez Hamilton. They had 
a daughter, Olive, married to John B. Rockwell, 
father of Charles F. Rockwell, of Honesdale, Pa., 
who was bom in 1825. (6) Isabella (Arabella), 
bom in 1768, married in 1789, James Eager; 
(7) Falls (Lewis Falls) Buchanan, bom in 1770, 
in Little Britain, and died, in 1843, near Haver- 
straw, N.Y.; (8) Elizabeth, born in 1773; mar- 
ried, in 1788, John Mandeville, of Orange County, 
and located in Montgomery County, Pa.; (9) Wil- 
liam, bom in 1776, and located in New York; (10) 
Margaret, bom in 1779, married John McCarty, 
and died in Milford. 

3. Thomas, bom 1736, in Ireland. 

4. William, bom 1739, in Wallkill Valley, 
and died in 1775. 

5. George, bom in 1743, in Goshen. 

II. James Buchanan, a freeholder in Little 
Britain, bom in 1723, died in 1775, having had 
issue: — i. James, married, in 1790, Martha, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Eager, Sr.; 2. Robert; 3. Wil- 
liam, went to Long Island; 4. John, a soldier 
in the Revolution and afterwards a captain by 
N.Y. State appointment, married Miriam, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Eager, Sr. About 1800, he moved 
to the Mohawk Valley, where he died, in 1808, 



470 SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 

leaving, with other sons and daughters, James and 
Thomas, the latter a prominent citizen of Utica, 
N.Y., bom in 1791, who married Mary Churchill, 
and had, among other issue: — Thomas, born 
in 182 1, the father of E. Everett Buchanan, of 
Elmira, N.Y., Member of Buchanan Society; and 
Milford De Witt, born in 1835, father of Gordon 
Buchanan, of Chicago, Member of Buchanan 
Society; 5. Polly, married Alexander Stewart ; 6. 
Nancy, married Thomas Eager, Jr.; 7. Peggy, 
married James Bell and settled in New Jersey; 8. 
Betsy, married John Kelso; 9. Susan, married 
Edward Miller, from Dublin, Ireland, from 
whom the late Alexander MacGraw, of Detroit, 
was descended. 

III. Robert Buchanan, the second son of 
James Buchanan, was born in Little Britain, 
1752, builder, a soldier in the Revolution, married 
Hannah Campbell, daughter of John Campbell, 
and had: — i. James, married Jane Reed, died 
1823, had, with other issue, a daughter, Amelia 
(1803-1896), married William Fish; 2. John, of 
Little Britain, married Phoebe Thurston; 3. Sam- 
uel, married Jane Beck, died 18 13; his widow 
married WilHam Moffatt and moved to Ohio with 
her children, Hugh and Ellen Buchanan; 4. Wil- 
liam; 5. Jane, married Thomas King, settled in 
Lake co., Ohio; 6. Charles, married Lois Arm- 
strong, and had, with other issue, a son, Thompson 
Buchanan; 7. Mary, married William King and 



SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 47 1 

settled in Lake co., Ohio; 8. Miriam, married 
Alexander Scott, father of Rev. Charles Scott, 
D.D., President of Hope College, Holland, Mich.; 
9. Susan, married John N. Boyd. 

IV. William Buchanan, of Monroe, Orange 
CO., the fourth son of Robert Buchanan, was bom 
about 1783, in township of Monroe; married, first, 
Jemima Jones; secondly, Mary Helme, daughter 
of William Helme, and of his wife, Eleanor Dob- 
bin. The latter was a daughter of Hugh Dobbin, 
who emigrated to America from Ireland, a son of 
" Hugh Dobbin, Magerhany, co. Monaghan, gen- 
tleman." William Buchanan had two daughters 
by his first wife : Eliza, married John Chase, went 
to Providence, R.I. ; Hannah, married Eli Wallace, 
located at Stroudsburg, Pa.; and by his second 
wife, two sons: Vincent, who died young, and 
Coe Stewart Buchanan, and a daughter, Eleanor 
Jane, wife of James Turner Derrickson. He died 
in 1843. 

V. Coe Stewart Buchanan, inventor, paper 
merchant in New York and manufacturer of 
paper in Saratoga County; bom 3rd June, 1824, 
in Township of Wantage, Sussex Co., N.Y. ; of the 
firm of Buchanan, Perkins and Goodwin, paper 
merchants; retired from business in 1870, and 
died 13th March, 1883, at Tarrytown, New York; 
married, 6th April, 1848, Jane Taylor, daughter 
of Moses Taylor and Sarah Onderdonk, of Tarry- 
town, and had issue: — 

I. Chaimcey K., of Tarrytown, New York, 



472 SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 

Member of Buchanan Society, 1884, born 
5th March, 185 1, in Williamsburg, N.Y. 

2. Moses Taylor Buchanan, bom 8th April, 
1853, in New York, married his cousin, Mary 
Elizabeth, daughter of William H. Cooper, 
and died 17th November, 1901. 

1. Frances, married George Townsend, 
formerly of Lynn and Boston, Mass., and has, 
Eleanor Townsend. 

2. Mary Eleanor. 



The Hon. William I. Buchanan, Late U.S. 
Minister to Panama. 

William Insco Buchanan was descended from 
a branch of the family of Buchanan which settled 
in Virginia in the early history of that State. His 
great-grandfather was Colonel George Buchanan, 
who was very prominently identified with the 
early settlement of the State of Ohio, the family 
moving to that State in the beginning of the last 
century. His great-grandmother was Nancy Cas- 
sidy, of another well-known Virginia family. 
They had a son, James Harvey Buchanan, who 
married Joanna Hall, daughter of William Hall, a 
Revolutionary soldier from South Carolina. 

William Insco Buchanan was the son of 
George Preston Buchanan and Mary Gibson, bom 
near Covington, Ohio, loth September, 1853; 
removed to Sioux City, Iowa, in 1882. In 1890, 
he was appointed a member of the National 



SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 473 

Commission that directed the World's Columbian 
Exposition of Chicago, and was Director of the 
Department of Agriculture, Live Stock and For- 
estry of that great work. In 1894, he was ap- 
pointed by President Cleveland, Minister to the 
Argentine Republic, and his services were so 
satisfactory to the Government that he was con- 
tinued in the office by President McKinley. In 
1894, he was selected by the Argentine and Chilean 
Governments as Arbitrator in the settlement of 
a long outstanding boundary dispute between 
those countries, and won the special gratitude 
of the Argentine Government by his diplomatic 
success in the settlement. 

In 1900, he became Director-General of the 
Pan-American Exposition at Buffalo. In 1902, 
he was appointed a Delegate on the part of the 
United States to the second Pan-American Con- 
ference, held in Mexico. In 1903, he was ap- 
pointed first United States Minister to the Re- 
public of Panama. In 1906, he was appointed 
Chairman of the United States Delegation to the 
Third Pan-American Conference, held at Rio de 
Janeiro. In 1907, he was appointed a Delegate 
on the part of the United States to the Second 
International Peace Conference at The Hague, 
and in the same year the Representative of the 
United States in the Central American Peace 
Conference held at Washington. In 1909, he 
was appointed by President Roosevelt a Special 



474 SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 

Commissioner to Venezuela and arranged the 
treaty between that country and the United 
States, which resulted in the termination of the 
long outstanding disagreements between the two 
countries. He was a member of the Buchanan 
Society since 1899. 

He married, in 1878, Miss Lulu Williams, 
daughter of J. Insco Williams, and died suddenly 
on the 1 6th October, 1909, in London, while on 
a diplomatic mission for the United States in 
connection with the Venezuelan claims, leaving 
a son, Donald Buchanan, and a daughter, Mrs. 
Charles H. WiUiams, of Buffalo. 



George Buchanan of Northern New York. 

George Buchanan, of Northern New York, 
the son of Thomas Buchanan and Miss Living- 
stone, was bom at Stirling, Scotland, and edu- 
cated at Edinburgh. He married, first, Cornelia 
Parmele, of Cambridge, Washington County, New 
York, and had issue: — John, who died, in 1880, 
in Pennsylvania, leaving no issue; Abbie, married 
Doctor C. S. Longstreet, of New York, and died 
in 1889. He married, secondly. Miss Allan, of 
Whitehall, New York, and had issue: — Cornelia, 
married Mr. Dunn; and Frances L. Buchanan, 
of New York. He had two sisters, one the mother 
of Bishop Kingsley, and the other, Mrs. Waite, 
of Batavia, New York. 



SOME BUCHANANS IN THE UNITED STATES 475 

Charles J. Buchanan, of Albany. 

Charles J. Buchanan, of Albany, New York, 
bom 27th December, 1843, served in the Ameri- 
can Civil War in the First Regiment U.S. Sharp- 
shooters (Berdans) and rose to the rank of Lieu- 
tenant and Adjutant of the Regiment. He was 
admitted to the Bar of New York and has prac- 
tised law at Albany since 1870. He married, in 
1875, Caroline Van Valkenburgh. He was ad- 
mitted a member of the Buchanan Society in 
1885. 



Appendix. 



Appendix. 



Note to page 189. 

1. The other three sons of George Buchanan, second 
Laird of Gartincaber, were : (2) George Buchanan, who had 
a son, Thomas Buchanan, in Cretichael, in Buchanan 
Parish ; and Andrew Buchanan, who had two sons, George 
and Patrick, of Ledrish. (3) Thomas Buchanan, of Gar- 
tincaber, married Janet Buchanan, and had two sons, 
William Buchanan, who acquired Ardoch, and George 
Buchanan, of Gartincaber. George Buchanan, of Gartin- 
caber, born 1662, married 1688 Janet McGregor, and had 
four sons, John, Thomas, Dugal and Robert. John Bu- 
chanan, of Gartincaber, born 1671, married in 1715 Agnes 
Forrester; admitted member of Buchanan Society in 1727 ; 
disposed of part of his lands to John Buchanan, in Creti- 
chael about 1731, and the remainder to James Buchanan, 
of Nether Gartincaber, in 1743. And (4) Andrew Buchanan, 
who had three sons, two of whom went to Ireland, the 
other to Dry men. George Buchanan, of Gartincaber, had 
a daughter married to Andrew Buchanan, of Gartacharne. 



Note to page 189. 

2. William Buchanan, who bought Blairlusk from his 
brother George, married in 1681 Isobel McKean, and died 
in 1727, and had besides daughters (1) George, his suc- 
cessor, and (2) John. 

George Buchanan married in 1705 Margot, daughter 
of James Bauchope, and died about 1747, and was suc- 
ceeded by his son George, who sold Blairlusk before 1750 
to John McAlpine, in Auld Murroch. (Strathendrick, 
page 352.) 



2 APPENDIX 

Note to page 306. 

3. Dr. W. B. Munro, Assistant Professor of Govern- 
ment in Harvard University, author of "The Seigniorial 
System in Canada," and editor of "Documents Relating 
to the Seigniorial Tenure in Canada," in which the report 
of the Commissioners is given at length, says : The first 
Parliament of Canada gave the question of abolishing the 
seigniorial system its earnest attention by appointing a 
commission of three to make a thorough investigation of 
the workings and to propose some practical scheme of 
compulsory commutation of tenure which would be satis- 
factory to the seigniors and habitants alike. This task the 
commissioners (Alexander Buchanan, James Smith, and 
Andr6 R. Taschereau) promptly accomplished, and in 1843 
addressed the results to Parliament in an elaborate 
report containing much interesting and important infor- 
mation relating to the subject with which it dealt. This 
paper may be commended to readers as affording the most 
comprehensive and trustworthy outline of the seigniorial 
system to be found in any official document prior to 1854. 
It contains some inaccuracies, and in some cases the atti- 
tude of the commissioners towards various incidents of the 
system is not without obvious bias, but on the whole it is 
an able and illuminating state paper, and must have been 
a notable contribution to contemporary discussions of the 
subject." 

MR. T. R. BUCHANAN. 

Note to page 405. 

4. We regret to announce the death of the Right Hon. 
Thomas Ryburn Buchanan, which occurred yesterday at 
Bournemouth, at the age of 65. He had been ill for some 
time past — indeed he had never been in good health since 
a severe chill which he caught two years ago. 

Thomas Ryburn Buchanan, born at Glasgow in 1846, 
was the younger son of John Buchanan, of Dowanhill ; his 



APPENDIX 3 

elder brother, Mr. John Y. Buchanan, F. R. S., has attained 
distinction as a man of science. T. R. Buchanan received 
his schooHng at Glasgow and Sherborne ; in 1865 he en- 
tered Balliol College, and his undergraduate career was 
remarkably successful. He took a double first class in 
Moderations and a first class in "Greats ;" he also gained 
the Stanhope prize in 1868 with an essay on "The Effects 
of the Renaissance in England." In 1870 he was elected 
a Fellow of All Souls ; he retained his Fellowship until his 
marriage, and served in various college offices. For some 
years he was in charge of the Codrington Library ; he dis- 
charged this duty with zeal, and with great pleasure to 
himself, for Buchanan was a book lover of the old school, 
a considerable authority on editions and bindings. 

Mr. Buchanan was called to the Bar, but never prac- 
tised. In politics he was always an advanced Liberal, and 
at the momentous General Election of 1880 he came forward 
unsuccessfully as a candidate for Haddingtonshire. About 
a year later he entered the House of Commons as one of 
the members for Edinburgh. Before the election of 1885 
came round the City was divided ; of the four divisions 
Mr. Buchanan chose the West, where the Conservative 
Party hoped to score a victory. The contest turned mainly 
on the Disestablishment of the Church in Scotland. If Mr. 
Gladstone had given a decisive lead in that direction, Mr. 
Buchanan would have followed, and very possibly would 
have lost the seat. Mr. Gladstone saw Disestablishment 
coming, but he saw it "at the end of a long vista ;" it was 
not an issue in the pending election, and his declaration, 
unsatisfactory as it was to Liberal sup|X)rters of the 
Established Church, was enough to carry the seat for 
West Edinburgh. 

A few months later the party was rent asunder by 
the Home Rule controversy. Buchanan was a sensitive 
man, perhaps too sensitive for the rough work of politics, 



4 APPENDIX 

and his position at this crisis was far from comfortable. 
He found the arguments against Mr. Gladstone's policy 
unanswerable, but it cost him a painful effort to vote 
against his leader and his party. Very reluctantly he 
threw in his lot with the dissentients ; at the "penal dis- 
solution" of 1886 West Edinburgh returned him again, 
this time as a Liberal Unionist. Like Sir George Trevelyan, 
he soon found himself unable to bear the continued strain 
of co-operation with the men whom he had always op- 
posed ; the Crimes Act of 1887 gave him, as he thought, 
a good reason for returning to his old allegiance. He 
thought it right to vacate his seat, and after a keen con- 
test he retained it by a narrow majority. The Unionist 
candidate was also a Fellow of All Souls, Mr. (now Sir 
Thomas) Raleigh. At the election of 1892 West Edin- 
burgh was captured by Lord Wolmer, now Lord Selborne; 
Mr. Buchanan found a safe refuge for a time in East 
Aberdeenshire, but there also he was defeated in 1900. 
From 1903 until his retirement from Parliament at the 
General Election of January, 1910, he represented E^st 
Perthshire. As a candidate he was always personally 
liked; his accent and manner suggested Oxford rather 
than agricultural Scotland, but his constituents recognised 
his sincerity, and they came to rely on his careful atten- 
tion to the industrial and other questions in which they 
were interested. 

As a member of Parliament Mr. Buchanan was assidu- 
ous and useful, but he did not rank with the most effec- 
tive debaters of his party. When Sir Henry Campbell- 
Bannerman was forming his administration in 1905, Mr. 
Buchanan became Financial Secretary at the War Office ; 
his chief, Mr. Haldane, spoke for that office in the House 
of Commons, and left but little scope for the eloquence of 
his colleagues. In April of 1908, when the Ministry was 
rearranged, Mr. Buchanan succeeded Mr. Hobhouse as 



APPENDIX 5 

Under-Secretary of State at the India Office. He had 
always taken a special interest in questions relating to 
India, and he welcomed the opportunity of studying the 
economic and political problems with which British Ad- 
ministrators are endeavouring to cope. Lord Morley's 
departure to the House of Lords left his Under-Secretary 
to deal with the questions addressed to Government by 
those Radical members who claim to speak on behalf of 
the people of India. This difficult duty was performed by 
Mr. Buchanan in a very satisfactory manner ; he was 
always straightforward, and he was firm in declining to 
answer that kind of "supplementary" question which is 
really a new question put without notice. Ill-health com- 
pelled him to resign the office in 1909. 

In 1888 Mr. Buchanan married Emily, daughter of 
Mr. T. S. Bolitho. Mrs. Buchanan survives her husband. 
—The Times, April 8, 1911. 



INDEX. 

Page 

Alexander, Henry 199, 200, 202, 205 

Andr^, Major John 223 

Ardoch, Buchanans of 261 

Arnpryor, Buchanans of 327 

Arnprior, Buchanans of (second family) 347 

Auchineden, Buchanans of 341 

Auchintorlie, Buchanans of 375 

Auchmar, Buchanans of 273 

Buchanan, William, first of 273 

" Patrick, second of 274 

" George, third of 274 

Patrick, fourth of 276 

John, fifth of 270 

William, sixth of 163, 277 

" Alexander, seventh of 277 

William, eighth of 277 

" James, ninth of 277 

'' Peter of Auchmar 277 

" Peter the younger of 278 

" Andrew of Auchmar 277 

Baillie-Hamilton, John Buchanan, of Arnpryor 352 

Baldernock, Buchanans in Campsie and 385 

Baldwin, William Augustus and family 242 

Baug6, Battle of 169, 170 

Blackwell, Robert, and family 237 

Blairlusk, Buchanans of 189 

Blairvockie, Buchanans of 290, 301 

Blairvockie Hill 60 

Brady, Sir Francis, K.C 197, 316 

Brady, Sir Maziere 197, 207 

Brock, Sir Isaac 4, 6, 7 

Buchanan House 59 

Buchanan, Account of Origin of Family of 1 64 

** Arms and Crest of 186 

" Essay upon the Family and Surname of . 163 



ii Page 

Buchanan, Surname of 168 

Alexander, of Ednasop 3 

Sir Alexander 169 

Alexander, Q.C., Life of 1-159 

Alexander, Q.C., family of 305 

Alexander Brock 155, 308 

Alexander Carlisle (first) 196, 214 

Alexander Carlisle (second) 234 

Alexander Wilson Gray, of Parkhill .... 163, 268 

Andrew, of Auchintorlie 376 

Andrew, of Ardinconnal 376 

Andrew, of Buchanan House 366 

Sir Andrew, Bart., of Dunburgh 378 

Andrew, of Drumpellier 367 

Andrew, of Greenfield 369 

Gen. Andrew 461 

Archibald, of Auchintorlie 367, 375 

Archibald, of Auchintorlie and Hillington 376 

Archibald, of Drumhead 397 

Lt.-Col. Arthur Louis Hamilton, of Mount 

Vernon 371 

Sir Arthur, of Auchlessie 351 

Beavor 198, 206 

Bever 316 

Charles J 475 

Chauncey K 471 

Claudius, D. D 433 

David 435 

David (second) 436 

David Carrick-, of Drumpellier and 

Mount Vernon 369 

Sir David Carrick Robert Carrick- 370 

David William Ramsay Carrick- 371 

Dugald 438 

Douglas 279 

-Dunlop, Robert 399 

-Dunlop, Rev. Robert 400 

Sir Eric Alexander, Bart., of Dunburgh 

and Craigend Castle 381 



ill Page 

Buchanan, Francis Christian 406 

Admiral Franklin 462 

Sir Francis James 464 

Dr. George, of Druid Hall, Baltimore, 

and family 460 

Dr. George, of Fintona and family 315 

Lt.-Col. George James Ferguson-, of 

Auchintorlie 377 

Sir George, 17th laird of Buchanan 183 

Sir George, 18th laird of Buchanan 183 

Sir George, Ambassador at St. Petersburg 379 

Sir George, M.D 444 

Sir George, Col. of Stirlingshire Regt. . . 183 

George, M.A., M.D., LL.D 403 

George, of Blairlusk. 189 

George, of Buchanan House 365 

George, the historian 391, 419, 423 

George, of Gartincaber 189 

George, of Keston Tower 191 

George, of Munster 190 

George, of Northern New York 474 

George, of Omagh 3 

George, Treasurer of Glasgow 366 

George, son of David Buchanan 437 

George, the Quatercentenary of 423 

George Carlo Vidua 150, 306 

Gen. Gilbert 386 

Gen. Gilbert John Lane 387 

Rev. Gilbert 386 

-Hamilton, Francis, M.D., of Spittal, 

Bardowie and Lenny 293 

-Hamilton, John, of Spittal, Bardowie and 

Lenny 296, 338 

Harris 278 

Lt.-Gen. Henry James, C.B 439 

Henry, of Lenny 337 

Hon. Isaac 278 

Isaac Robert 279 

James Clarke 233 



IV Page 

Buchanan, Sir James, Bart 380 

James Isaac 279 

James, H.B.M. Consul at New York . .67, 189, 

190, 197, 233 

James, of Blairvadock 377 

James, of Dowanhill 405 

James Gray-, of Scotstown 262, 267 

Hon. James Madison, U.S. Minister to 

Denmark 461 

James Ross Gray-, of Scotstown 267 

James, President of the United States 190, 219, 

453 

Brig.-General James A 466 

John, of Auchlessie and Arnpryor 351 

John, of Ardoch and Balloch 263 

John, of Blairlusk 190 

John, of Donaghanie 190 

John, of Dowanhill 405 

John, of Gartincaber, 189, 253 

John, of Lisnamallard 181, 214 

John, of Omagh 190 

John, of Powis 353 

John, of Tyrone 180, 190 

John, last laird of Buchanan 185 

Sir John, 18th laird of Buchanan 183 

Sir John Ebenezer 440 

John 13 

John, Chief Justice of Maryland 466 

Dr. John, 49th Regiment 1, 305 

John Blacker 191 

Lt.-Col. John Blacker, of Edenfel 193 

John Hamilton-, of Spittal, Bardowie and 

Lenny 297 

John Parkes, of Ardoch 264 

John Stewart 34o 

John Young, M.A., F.R.S 405 

Col. Lewis Mansergh, C.B., of Edenfel . . 192 
Maurice, author of the Book of Pluscarden 179 
Sir Maurice, ninth laird of Buchanan 168 



V Page 

Buchanan, Sir Maurice, tenth laird of Buchanan. . . . 168 

" McKean, Paymaster U.S. Navy 462 

" Michael Rowand Gray 268 

Neil, of Hillington 367 

" Peter Toronto 278 

" Capt. Richard Dennistoua 376 

" -Riddell, Major-Gen. Charles James, C.B. 397 

" -Riddell, Sir John Walter 397 

" -Riddell, Sir John 397 

" Robert Andrew Washington 278 

" Brevet-Gen. Robert Christie 461 

" Robert Jarvis 279 

" Robert Carrick-, of Drumpellier 370 

" Robert Dunlop 398 

" Robert the novelist 446 

" Robert Stewart 234 

" Thomas Gray-, of Ardoch and Scotstown 267 

" Thomas John, of Ardoch 264 

" Capt. Thomas Alexander, of Powis 353 

" Thomas, of Powis 352 

" Thomas, of Ramelton 190 

" Rt. Hon. Thomas Ryburn (appendix 

page 2) 405 

" Judge Thomas 465 

" Sir Walter, eleventh laird of Buchanan . . 169 

" Sir Walter, twelfth laird of Buchanan . . 179 

Lt.-Col. Walter James T 320 

" Wentworth James 153, 307 

" William, of Auchmar, historian of the 

Family of Buchanan 163, 277 

" William, of Craigievairn 393 

" William, of Londonderry 52 

" William, of Tyrone 189 

William, of Yamaska 108, 194, 214 

William 437 

Gen. William 458 

Hon. William I .472 

Capt. William Eccles . 458 

William Oliver 246 



VI Page 

Buchanan, William Robert 154, 308 

Buchanans of Ardoch 261 

of Arnpryor 327 

of Arnprior (second family) 347 

of Auchineden 341 

of Auchintorlie 375 

of Auchmar 273 

of Blairlusk 189, 253 

of Blairvockie 301 

in Campsie and Baldernock 385 

of Carbeth 253 

Carrick-, of Drumpellier 365 

of Cumberland County 454 

of Drummikill 391 

of Drumhead 397 

of Druid Hill, Baltimore 460 

of Edenfel 192 

of Finnick-Drummond 403 

of Fintona 453 

of Gartacharne 357 

Gray-, of Scotstown 267 

Buchanans of Hales Hall 283 

Buchanan Phillips 283 

Rev. Alexander Henry .... 283 

William Theophilus 283 

James 283 

Phillips 284 

" Capt. James Maxey 284 

William 284 

Rev. Alexander 285 

Clement 285 

Lt.-Col. H. B 285 

H. B. M 285 

Buchanans of that Ilk 163 

Buchanans of Lenny 335 

Buchanans of New Orleans 458 

Buchanans of Powis 351 

Buchanans of Spittal 289 

Buchanans of Ulster County, N.Y 468 



vii Page 

Buchannans late of Miltoun 413 

Buchannan John of Whitby 414 

" George of Whitby 414 

" Charles of Whitby 414 

" Hugh Cholmley 415 

" Arthur 415 

Buey Okyan, Anselan 165 

Campsie and Baldernock, Buchanans in 385 

Carbeth, Buchanans of 253 

Carlisle, Alexander 197, 199, 200, 213 

Carrick-Buchanans of Drumpellier 365 

Clarke, family of James 207, 213 

Clareinch 167 

Copenhagen, Battle of 4 

de Lanaudiere, Hon. Charles T 9 

Drumhead, Buchanans of 397 

Drummikill, Buchanans of 391 

Drumpellier, Carrick-Buchanans of 305 

Ennerkeithing, Battle of 184 

Finnick-Drummond, Buchanans of 403 

Fintona, Buchanans of 315, 458 

de Gasp6, M6moires of 9 

Gartacharne, Buchanans of 189 

Gartincaber, John Buchanan of 189 

Genealogical Note 419 

Gugy, Hon. Louis 12 

Hales Hall, Buchanans of 283 

Higginson, Col. Theophilus, C.B., and family 240 

Johnson, Francis Godschall 123 

Leith-Buchanans of Ross Priory 409 

Leith-Buchanan, Sir Alexander Wellesley, Bart 409 

Leith-Buchanan, Sir George, Bart 409 

Lenny, Buchanans of 335 

McFarlane, Henry, and family 196, 214 

McNab, Archibald, Laird of McNab 348 

Maryland, Buchanans of 460 

Miltoun, Buchannans late of 413 

Moflfatt, Col. Kenneth, and family. . 249 

Ogden, Hon. Charles Richard 85 



viii Page 

Perrault, Hon. Joseph Francois 14, 17, 80 

Pluscarden, The Book of 169 

Powis, Buchanans of 351 

Reed, Gen. Sir Thomas, K.C.B 465 

Richardson, Lucy, wife of Dr. John Buchanan . . 1, 12, 16 

Robinson, James, and family 191, 198, 207, 214, 250 

Scotstown, Gray-Buchanans of 267 

Spittal, Buchanans of : 289 

Strathendrick, by J. Guthrie Smith 163 

Stuart, Andrew 17, 21 

Stuart, Hon. James 72 

Taylor, Hugh, and family 229 

Verneuil, Battle of 169, 174 

Westminster Abbey, Monuments in 27 

Whitla, George, and family 238 

" Surgeon-General George 238 

" Capt. James Buchanan 238 

'' Lieut.-Col. William 238 



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