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alma college 


1 958-59 

1 957-58 

1 957-58 

In Nomine Dei, Amen. 

"Rtsolved, That in view of the facts brought 
before m, we witt, with Go^s help, establish and 
endow a college within our bounds." 

Synod of Michigan 
Grand Rapids, October 1 4, 1 886 






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September 14 


Reception of New Students 

September 15 


Freshman Orientation 

September 16 


Freshman Orientation 

September 17 


Registration Day 

September 18 


Classes begin, 8t00 a.m. 
Opening Convocation, 10:00 a.m. 

October 18 



November 8 



November 26 


Thanksgiving Vacation begins, 12:00 noon 

December 1 


Classes resume, 8:00 a.m. 

December 20 


Christmas Vocation begins, 12:00 noon 


January 5 


Classes resume, 8:00 a.m. 

January 19 


Final Examinations begin 

January 24 


Final Examinations and First Semester end 


February 2 


February 3 


March 26 


April 6 


May 20 


May 27 


May 30 


June 3 


June 4 


June 6 


Registration Day 

Classes begin, 8:00 a.m. 

Second Semester Convocation, 10:00 a.m. 


Easter Vacation begins, 5:00 p.m. 

Classes resume, 8i00 a.m. 

Campus Day 

Final Examinations begin 

Memorial Day 

Final Examinations end 

Senior Day 

Commencement Day 

Opening date for 1 959-1 960-~September 13, 1959 


College Calendar 3 

Map of College Campus 4 

Personnel of the College 

Board of Trustees 6 

Women's Board 9 

Alumni Council 10 

Officers of Administration , — 1 1 

Faculty ^ 12 

Additional Staff 19 

The Campus, History and Purpose 

Location 20 

History and Purpose 20 

Objectives 22 

Accreditation 22 

Description of Campus M 

General Information for Students 

Admission -25 

Fees and Expenses 28 

Scholarships and Financial Aid 30 

Housing 35 

Campus Activities and Organizations 37 

Student Services 41 

Policies Governing Student Conduct 44 

Academic Information 

Academic Policies ^45 

Requirements for the Degree 

Suggested Programs of Study 53 

Courses of Instruction 61 

Record of the Year, 1957-1958 

Degrees 1 1 2 

Honors 1 1 5 

Register of Students 116 

Summary of Enrollment 124 

Index 125 

Preliminary Application for Admission 
Directions for Correspondence 

personnel of the college 

the board of trustees 

officers of the board 

Stephen S. Nisbet Chairman 

Reld Brazell VIce-Chalrman 

Walter F. Garey Treasurer 

William McFadden Secretary 

members of the board 
class of 1 958 

E. V. Erickson, Executive Vice President, Gardner-Denver Company, Grand 
Haven, Michigan 

*Herbert Estes, Ford Automobile Agency, Ann Arbor, Michigan 

Roy Fruehauf, President, Fruehauf Trailer Company, Detroit, Michigan 

George A. Jacoby, Director of Personnel Services, General Motors Corpora- 
tion, Detroit, Michigan 

Dan E. Karn, President, Consumers Power Company, Jackson, Michigan 

Raymond J. Laude, Goodbody and Company, Royal Oak, Michigan 

Charles S. Mclntyre, Jr., Vice President and Secretary, Monroe Auto Equip- 
ment Company, Monroe, Michigan 

The Rev. David E. Molyneaux, I.D., LL.D., Pastor, First Presbyterian Church, 
Flint, Michigan 

David L Van Dusen, District Manager, S. S. Kresge Company, Detroit, 

The Rev. John Arthur Visser, D.D., LL.D., Pastor, Westminster Presbyterian 
Church, Detroit, Michigan 

class of 1959 

The Rev. Henry W. Fischer, D.D., Saginaw, Michigan 

Walter F. Gries, LL.D., Superintendent of the Welfare Department, The 
Cleveland-CliflFs Iron Company, Ishpeming, Michigan 

board of trustees 

*Leslle P. Kefgen, President, Northern Supply Company, Saginaw, Michigan 

Howard Y. McCluslcy, Ph.D., Professor of Educational Psychology and Con- 
sultant In Adult Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 

William McFadden, Senior Vice President, Bank of Alma, Alma, Michigan 

*Mrs. Allan H. Monroe, Secretary-Treasurer, The F. J. Poole Lumber Company, 
Pontioc, Michigan 

*Stephen S. NIsbet, LL.D., Vice President— Public Relations, Gerber Products 
Company, Fremont, Michigan 

Carl H. Smith, LL.D., Attorney, Smith and Brooker, Bay City, Michigan 

*Mrs. Henry H. Soule, Alma, Michigan 

The Rev. Frederick Wyngarden, D.D., Pastor, Westminster Presbyterian 
Church, Grand Rdplds, Michigan 

class of 1 960 

Frederick M. Alger, Jr., Grosse Pointe, Michigan 

Carl W. Bonbrlght, President, General Foundry and Manufacturing Com- 
pany, Flint, Michigan 

*Maurice F. Cole, Oakland County Circuit Court Commissioner, Ferndale, 

Wirt M. Hazen, Three Rivers, Michigan 

The Rev. Charles K. Johnson, D.D., Pastor, First Presbyterian Church, 
Kalamazoo, Michigan 

G. Dewey McDonald, President, Heatherwood Forms, Lansing, Michigan 

Harvey M. Merker, Sc.D., Eng.D., Former Director of Scientific Relations, 
Parke, Davis and Company, Detroit, Michigan 

Howard Porter, President, State Bank of East Jordan, East Jordan, Michigan 

Robert L. Tyler, President, Tyler Refrigeration Corporation, Nlles, Michigan 

class of 1961 

Mrs. Anderson Arbury, Midland, Michigan 

Lawrence F. Armstrong, Vice President, Armstrong Machine Works, Three 
Rivers, Michigan 

*Wllllam J. Baker, Chairman of the Board, Midland Federal Savings and 
Loan Association, Midland, Michigan 

Reid Brazell, President, Leonard Refineries, Inc., Alma, Michigan 

board of trustees 

Walter F. Carey, D.C.S., President, Automobile Carriers, Inc., Flint, and 
C. and J. Commercial Driveaway, Lansing, Michigan 

George B. Finch, Vice President, The Jam Handy Organization, inc., Detroit, 

The Rev. Kenneth G. Neigh, D.D., LLD., Lit.D., Executive, The Synod of 
Michigan, Presbyterian Church, U.S.A., Detroit, Michigan 

The Rev. H. Paul Sloan, Jr., D.D., Pastor, Drayton Avenue Presbyterian 
Church, Ferndale, Michigan 

Wlnship A. Todd, Treasurer, A.M. Todd Company, Kalamazoo, Michigan 

The Rev. Allan A. Zaun, Ph.D., Pastor, JeflFerson Avenue Presbyterian 
Church, Detroit, Michigan 

*Graduatei of tha Colieg* 

honorary trustees 

The Rev. Samuel H. Forrer, Ph.D., D.D., Eola Plaza, Orlando, Florida 

Leon L Tyler, LL.D., Professor Emeritus, Alma College; Member of the Board, 
Tyler Refrigeration Corporation, Nlles, Michigan 

A. G. Studer, LL.D., Former Metropolitan General Secretary, Detroit 
Y.M.C.A., Detroit, Michigan 

committees of the board 

Executive— Stephen S. Nisbet, Chairman; Carl W. Bonbrlght, Reid Brazell, 
Walter F. Carey, Herbert Estes, George A. Jacoby, Howard Y. McCluslcy, 
William McFodden, Kenneth G. Neigh, Robert D. Swonson, John A. 
Visser, Allan A. Zaun. 

Budget and Finance— Walter F. Carey, Chairman; Lawrence Armstrong, Carl 
W. Bonbrlght, Roy Fruehauf, Kenneth G. Neigh, Robert L. Tyler, David 
L. Von Dusen. 

Investment— Carl W. Bonbrlght, Chairman; Frederick M. Alger, Jr., William 
J. Baker, Walter F. Corey, Raymond J. Laude, Howard Porter, Wlnship 
A. Todd. 

Buildings and Grounds— Reid Brazell, Chairman; E. V. Erickson, HerlDert Estes, 
Don E. Karn, H. Paul Sloan, Jr., Mrs. Henry H. Soule. 

Honorary Degrees— John A. Visser, Chairman; Wirt M. Hozen, Leslie P. Kef- 
gen, Howard Y. McClusky, Kenneth G. Neigh. 

Educational Policies— Howard Y. McClusky, Chairman; Mrs. Anderson Arbury, 
George B. Finch, Harvey M. Merker, David E. Molyneoux. 

Personnel Policies— George A. Jacoby, Chairman; Maurice F. Cole, Henry 
W. Fischer, Walter F. Gries, Mrs. Allan H. Monroe, Frederick Wyngarden. 

Nominating— Allan A. Zaun, Chairman; G. Dewey McDonald, William McFod- 
den, Charles S. Mclntyre, Jr., Carl H. Smith. 


th« vfoman's board 

the women^s board 

officers of the board 

Mrs. L R, Kamperman .Chairman 

Mrs. C. F. DuBols VIce-Chairman 

Mrs. C P. Milham Secretary 

Mrs. Richard L Waggoner Treasurer 

class of 1958 

Mrs. C F. DuBois, 706 State Street, Alma, Michigan 

Mrs. George A. Jacoby, 245 Puritan Road, Birmingham, Michigan 

Mrs. W. Keith Friend, 31 Mayfair Drive, N.E., Grand Rapids, Michigan 

Mrs. H. B. Lehner, 1 19 W. Downie Street, Alma, Michigan 

Mrs. C. P. Milham, 3615 Riverside Drive, Alma, Michigan 

Mrs. Joseph W. Britton, 1414 Sugnet Road, Midland, Michigan 

Mrs. Crawford H. Daily, Luce Road, Alma, Michigan 

Mrs. Foster A. Fraker, R. R. 4, Alma, Michigan 

Mrs. Edward McConnell, 15840 Word Avenue, Detroit 27, Michigan 

class of 1959 

Mrs. Louis S. Baldwin, 419 Grand Avenue, Grand Haven, Michigan 

Mrs. R. E. Eversdyk, Paw Paw, Michigan 

Mrs. Roy W. Hamilton, 619 West Center Street, Alma, Michigan 

Mrs. L. R. Kamperman, 4105 Riverview Drive, Alma, Michigan 

Mrs. R. C. Masters, 2418 Indian Hills Drive, Okemos, Michigan 

Mrs. Robert D. Swanson, The Presidents Home, Alma, Michigan 

Mrs. Edwin C. Miller, 614 Nurmi Court, Bay Qty, Michigan 

Mrs. Cdrlos C Speck, 1 4839 Markese, Allen Pork, Michigan 

Mrs. Levi O. Dees, 1038 North Drive, Mt. Pleasant, Michigan 

class of 1960 

Mrs. Michael J. Anuta, 1204 Sixteenth Avenue, Menominee, Michigan 

Mrs. Arthur R. Crawford, 1 4400 Rutland Street, Detroit, Michigan 

Mrs. E. M. Doig, 1 8722 San Diego, Box 373, R. R. 6, Birmingham, Michigan 

Mrs. D. K. McEachern, 29 Burdette Street, St. Ignace, Michigan 

Mrs. Clarence W. Videon, 15017 Warwick Road, Detroit 23, Michigan 

Mrs. Richard L. Waggoner, 313 E. Saginaw Street, St. Louis, Michigan 

Mrs. Richard Wilbur, 525 Cherry Street, Petoskey, Michigan 

Mrs. Rex A. Wilcox, 203 West End Street, Alma, Michigan 

alumni association 

the alumni association 

alumni officers 

George A. Hebert, '20 President 

14575 Greenvlew, Detroit 23, Michigan 
The Rev. Mr. Barney Roepcke, '40 President-elect 

2344 Crane Ave., Kalamazoo, Michigan 
Dr. Victor W. Crittenden, '23 . Retiring President 

14880 Grandvllle Blvd., Detroit 23, Michigan 
Thomas E. Dodd, 'S7 President of 1 957 Class 

255 Darling Drive, Lake Orion, Michigan 
F. Roy Phillips, '14 Executive Secretary 

Alma College, Alma, Michigan 
Molly Parrlsh, '37 Recording Secretary 

Alma College, Alma, Michigan 
James E. Mitchell, '93 Honorary Council Member 

518 State Street, Alma, Michigan 

area vice presidents 

Alma Mrs. Dorothy Glass Davies, '37, 706 River Street, Alma 

Detroit J. Thomas Dosef, '23, 1234 Bedford, Detroit 30 

Grand Rapids „„ Walter Pezet, '30, 1420 Plymouth Road, S. E., Grand Rapids 

Lansing Dr. Silvio P. Fortino, '43, 444 West Street, Lansing 

Midland Mrs. Louanna Baker Jones, '12, 1616 W. HInes, Midland 

Saginaw Herbert Spendlove, '41, 434 Ann Street, Saginaw 

Thumb Area ._— Mrs. Edward Kuhn, '15, Elkton 

Upper Peninsula.- Wallace Kemp, '23, 322 W. Magnetic, Marquette 

Out-of-State „.. Joel Barlow, '29, Washington, D..C. 

Stewart Pratt, '23, North Highlands, California 

Alumni Council 
class of 1958 

Hugh Brenneman« '36/ East Lansing 

Lauritz DrevdahL '28, Willow Run 

The Rev. Mr. Paul Heberlein, '31, Centerline 

Dr. Edwin D. MacKinnon, '28, Saginaw 

Robert Nunn, '32, Allen Park 

Stirling Shoemaker, '24, Detroit 

Dr. Kenneth Wolfe, '28, Alma 

The Rev. Mr. Woodrow Wooley, '41, Livonia 

class of 1959 

Trudeau DesJardins, '23, Lapeer 
Harold A. Draper, Jr., '42, Flint 
John E. Jacobson, '33, Saginaw 
Bryson A. McCloy, '15, Ferndale 
John F. Mulloy, '48, Midland 
Joe Vitek, '36, Saginaw 
Morley G. Webb, '40, Edmore 
Roger W. Zinn, '22, Grand Rapids 

class of 1960 

Ralph Appell, '50, Rockford 
Mrs. Elizabeth Forshar Crawford, '32, Detroit 
Mrs. Gretchen Wilson Goggin, '36, Alma 
Guile J. Graham, '43, Farmington 
Mrs. Ruth Robbins Monteith, '13, Martin 
Dr. Verne R. Richards, '18, Birmingham 
Chester R. Robinson, '17, Alma 
Dr. Robert A. Wililts, '53, Midland 



officers of administration 

Under the supervision and direction of the President, the administrative officers 
and faculty are charged with the responsibility of administering the educa- 
tional policy and functioning of Alma College. 

Robert D. Swanson, D.D. (1956) ^- President 

Harold C. VandenBosch, Ed.D. (1955) Vice President 

*William J. McKeefery, Ph.D. (1950) Dean of the College 

Esther Vreeland, M.A. (1951) Dean of Women 

Kent T. Hawley, Ed.D. (1957) .Dean of Men 

Molly Parrish, A.M. (1943) — Registrar and Secretary of the Faculty 

*Arthel E. Merritt, M.A. (1950) Business Manager 

*Ross Miller, Ph.D. (1951) Dean of Religion 

Arthur E. Turner, M.A. (1953) Director of Admissions 

Gary Stauffer, M.A. (1957) Associate Director of Admissions 

Charles B. House, Jr., B.D. (1958) Assistant Director of Admissions 

Helen C MacCurdy, A.M.L.S. (1950) -- Librarian 

Harlan R. McCall, A.M. (1945) Director of Placement 

additional administrative staff 

F. Roy Phillips, M.A. (1957) Director of Alumni Affairs 

Ruth Phillips (1957) Director of Social Activities 

Marion Stebblns (1957) Director of Publicity 

Freda Thomas (1957) Assistant Business Manager 

*Until July 1, 1958 



the faculty 

with the exception of the name of the President the names of the members 
of the teaching faculty are arranged alphabetically with the year of ap- 
pointment given after each name. The appointments and academic rank in- 
dicated are for the current academic year, 1957-58. 

Robert D. Swonson (1956) President 

BJi,, Park College; 6.0., McCormIck Theological Seminary; D.D., James Milliken University. 

Donald E. Bonghom (1956) Tkssistant Professor of 

Business Administration 

B.A., Wilmington College; M.B.A./ Ohio State University. 

William F. Bishopp, Jr. (1956) Assistant Professor of 

Modern Languages 

A.B., University of Illinois; M.A., University of Oregon 

William Carr (1957) — ...Instructor in Physical Education 

B.A., Alma College; M.A., University of Michigan. 

Chang Fang-Cher (1957) Assistant Professor of Physics 

B.S., University of Michigan; M.S., University of Michigan. 

Samuel Robert Cornelius (1957) Professor of English 

B.A., Maryville College; M.A., Vonderbilt University; Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh. 

William A. Deterline (1957) Assistant Professor of Psychology 

B.S., University of Pittsburgh; M.S., University of Pittsburgh; Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh. 

Jacob J. DeYoung (1957 ) Assistant Professor of Chemistry 

A.B., Hope College; M.S., Wayne University; Ph.D., Wayne State University. 

Claude D. Dicb (1952) Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., University of Manitoba; B.D., United College, Manitoba; Ph.D., University of Chicago. 

Doris Al Diefenbach (1955) Professor of Art 

B>., Kent State University; M>., Western Reserve University; Cleveland institute of Art; 
John Herron Art Institute. 

Kathleen V. Dlllinger (1953) Assistant Professor of Physical 

Education for Women 

B.S., West Virginia Wesleyan; M.A., Michigan State University. 

Arlan L Edgar (1950) —Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.A., Alma College; M.A., University of Michigan; M.S., University of Michgan. 

Lester E, Eyer (1946) Professor of Biology 

B.S., Alma College; M.S., University of Michigan; Ph.D., Michigan State University. 

Margaret E. Foley (1926) Professor of French and German 

A.B., Ohio Wesleyan University; A.M., University of Illinois. La Sorbonne and L'Institute 
de Phonetique, Paris; University of Geneva, Switzerland. 


Wayne HIntz (1957) Instructor in Physical Education 

B.A., Whitworth Collag*. 

Henry W. Howe (1938) Professor of History 

A.B., Western State Teachers College; A. M., University of Michigan. 

Frances Hughes (1952) Assistant Professor of Music 

B.M., Philadelphia Conservatory of Music; M.M., Philadelphia Conservatory of Music. 
Private piano study with Beryl Rubinstein and Allison R. Drake; Piano Foundation 
Course with Madame Olga Somaroff Stokowski; Duo-piano study with Vitya Vronsky 
and Victor Babln, Aspen, Colorado. 

David E. Huyler (1956) Instructor in History 

B.A., Cornell University; M.A., Cornell University. 

William W. Jellema (1956) Assistant Professor of Religion 

A.Bv Hope College; B. D., Western Theological Seminary; Ph.D., University of Edinburgh, 

Ronald O. Kopp (1957) Instructor in Biology 

B.A., University of Michigan; M.S., University of Michigan. 

Rex King (1954) Professor of Economics 

B.S., Michigan State University; M.A., Washington State College; Ph.D., Michigan State 

Florence A. Kirk (1954) Professor of English 

BJk., University of Saskatchewan; M.A., University of Saskatchewan; Ph.D., Northwestern 

Henry E. Klugh (1955) Associate Professor of Psychology 

A.B., Geneva College; M.S., University of Pittsburgh; Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh. 

Helen C. MacCurdy (1950) Librarian and Assistant 

Professor of Library Science 

A.B., Alma College; A.B.L.S., University of Michigan; A.M.LS., University of Michigan. 

Harlan R. McCall (1946) Professor of Education and 

Director of Placement 

A.B., Albion College; A.M. University of Michigan 

Roy M. McClintocIc, Jr. (1957) Assistant Professor of 

History and Political Science 

BS., University of Oklahoma; M.A., University of Oklahoma. 

**Wllliam J, McKeefery (1948) Professor of Religion and 

Dean of the College 

B.S., UniversHy of Pennsylvania; B.D., Princeton Theological Seminary; Ph.D., Columbia 

•*Uiifii July 1, 1958 



Stephen Meyer, Jr. (1952) Professor of Business Administra- 
tion and Secretarial Studies 

B.S., Long island University; M.A., Columbia University; Ed.D., Columbia University. 

M. Harold Mikle (1953) Professor of Speech 

A.B., Western Michigan College of Education; M.A., University of Michigan. 

Rebecca Wirick Mikle (1953) Professor of Home Economics 

A.B., Wittenberg College; A.M., University of Michigan. 

**Ross Miller (1952) Professor of Religion and 

Dean of Religion 

A.B., B.D., M.A., Wittenberg College; M.A., Harvard University; Ph.D., University of 
Edinburgh, Scotland. 

Louis R. Miner (1955) Assistant Professor of English 

and Speech and Humanities 

A.B., University of Louisville; A.M., University of Chicago. 

*Max Molyneux (1955) Professor of English 

A.B., Oberlin College; Ph.D., Cornell University. 

Walton Myhrum (1954) Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

B.A., Concordia College; M.S., University of North Dakota. 

Grace Nichols (1954) Professor of Spanish 

B.A., University of Wisconsin; M.A., University of Colorado; Pti.D., University of New 

Molly Parrish (1939) . Professor of Modern Languages 

and Registrar 

A.B., Alma College; A.M., University of Michigan. 

**Enna Pigg (1951) ..Professor of Education 

B.S., Central State College, Missouri; M.A., University of Chicago. 

Howard A. Potter (1946) Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., Alma College; Ph.D., Harvard University. 

Robert Eugene Rufener (1947) .Assistant Professor of Music 

B.S., Northeast Missouri State College; M.M., VanderCook School of Music, Chicago. 

f Charles Edmund Skinner (1946) Assistant Professor of Chemistry 

A.B., Alma College; M.S., University of Michigan. 

Arthur L. Smith (1956) Professor of Physical Education 

A.B., Alma College; M.S., University of Idaho. 

♦♦Florence M. Steward (1925) Professor of Sociology 

A.B., Cincinnati University; A.M., Radcliffe College; Lit.D., Alma College. 

^Deceased, November 8, 1957 
**Until July 1, 1958 
fOn leave of absence, 1957-1958 



Glen C. Stewart (1946) Associate Professor of Organ 

and Music Theory 

B.M., University of Illinois; M^., University of Illinois. Private Organ study with Carl 

AAae Nelson Stewart (1949) Assistant Professor of Music 

A.B., Alma College; A.M., University of Michigan. American Conservatory of Music at 
Fontoinebleau, France; Private piano study with Maurice Dumesnil and Ernst Victor Wolff. 

Paul S. Storey (1955) Assistant Professor of English 

B.S., Geneva College; M.A., University of Pittsburgh. 

Ernest G. Sullivan (1953) Professor of Vocal Music 

B.M., Chicago Conservatory of Music; M.M., Chicago Conservatory of Music; Ph.D., 
Indiano University. 

Raymond G. Swigart (1957) Instructor in Engineering Drawing 

B.S.r Alma College; M.S., Alma College; M.A., University of Michigan. 

Samuel Thorndike (1954) Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy 

A.B.« Harvard University; Ph.D., University of California. 

Margaret VanderHart (1946) Assistant Professor of Voice 

and Music Education 

B.S., Central Michigan College of Education; M.M., Northwestern University. 

Esther F. Vreeland (1952) Professor of Family Life Education 

and Dean of Women 

A.B., Alma College; M.A., University of Michigan. University of London. 

Robert E. Wegner (1957) Assistant Professor of English 

A.B., Michigan State University; M.A.» Western Reserve University. 

Roberta June Wills (1957) Assistant Professor of Library 

Science and Instructor in English 

B.A., Ball State Teachers College; M.A., Ball State Teochers^ollege. 

Eugene Yehl (1954) Instructor of Engineering Drawing 

B.S., University of Wisconsin. 




Robert Wood Clock (1924) Professor Emeritus of Mothemofics 

A.B., GrfnMll Coll«g«; A.M., Grinnetl College; ScD., Alma College. Ammi W. Wrigbl 
Profeitor of Mothemotlo ond A i trowomy» 1924-1954. 

Raymond Clyde Ditto (1920) Professor Emeritus of Physics 

B.S., Denison University; AM,, Princeton University. John F. Dodge Professor of Physics, 

James E. AAitchell (1897) Dean of the Faculty, Emeritus 

A.B., Almo College; A.M., Columbia University; LLD., Alma College. Ammi W. Wright 
Professor of History ond Political Science, 1897-1941; part-time 1941-1949; Dean of the 
Faculty, 1912-1936. 

Leon Lewis Tyler (1928) Professor Emeritus of Education 

A.B., Eorlhom College; LLB., A.M., University of Michigan; LLD., Alma College. Profes- 
sor of Education, 192S-1936. 


The A Cappella Choir 

Interior of the Chapel 


standing committees of the faculty 


The President is an ex officio member of all committees. Other members fall 
into four categories: appointed by the President, ex officio, elected by the 
faculty, and co-opted members. Co-opted members are not voting members 
of the committees. 

Executive Committee 

Appointed: None 

Ex Officio: Swanson, Chairman; McKeefery, Vice-Chairman; VandenBocch; Parrish, Sec- 
retary; Vreebnd 
Elected: Jellema (1958); Huyler (1958); McCall (1959); Potter (1960) 

Co-opted: None 

Academic Events Committee 

Appointed: McCall, Chairman; Merrlft 

Ex Officio: None 

Elected: Diefenboch; Mr. Milcle 

Co-opted: None 

Academic Standards and Credits Committee 

Appointed: Potter, Chairman; Foley 

Ex Officio: McKeefery, Parrlsh 

Elected: Edgar (1958); King (1959); Klugh (1960) 

Co-opted: Hawiey, Vreeland, Turner 

Admissions Committee 

Appointed: Meyer, Chairman 

Ex Officio: McKeefery, Turner, Stauffer 

Elected: Bishopp (1958); Klugh (1959); Huyler (1960) 

Co-opted: Howley, Vreeland, Parrish 

Assemblies and Special Programs Committee 

Appointtdt Storey, Chairman; Miner, (four Student Council appointees) 

Ex Officio: None 

Elected: Steward, Mrs. Stewart 

Co-opted: None 

Athletic Committee 

Appointed: Howe, Chairman; Edgar 

Ex Officio: Smith, Stauffer, (MIAA student representative) 

Elected: Eyer (1958); Bangham (1959); Myhrum (1960) 

Co-optedi Corr, HIntz, Dilllnger 

Curriculum Committee 

Appointed: Eyer, Howe, (Molyneux), Comelii» 

Ex Officio: McKeefery, Chairman; Parrbh, Secretary 

Elected: Foley (1958); Thorndike (1958); Sullivan (1959); McCall (1960) 

Co^tedt None 


faculty committees 
Health Committee 

Appointed: Hawley, Smith, Dlllinger, Merritt; (four Student Council appointees) 

Ex OfFidot Vreeland, Choirmon 

Elected: R. Mlkle 

Co-optedi None 

Judicial Committee 

Appointed: (three Student Council appointees) 

Ex Officio: VandenBosch, Chairman; McKeefery, Vice-Chairman; Hawley, Vreeland, 

Elected: Myhrum (1958); MacCurdy (1959); Rufener (1960) 

Co-opted: None 

Library Committee 

Appointed: Nichols, Chairman 

Ex Officio: MacCurdy, McKeefery 

Elected: Pigg, King, Thorndike 

Co-opted: None 

Nominations Committee 

Appointed: None 

Ex Officio: Parrish, Chairman 

Elected: Howe (1958); McCall (1959); VandenBosch (1960) 

Co-opted: None 

Publications Committee 

Appointed: None 

Ex Officio: (Molyneux), Cornelius, Chairman; Diefenbach, (student members: edi- 
tors and business managers of student publications) 
Elected: Bangham t 

Co-opted: Stebbins 

Religious Life and Woric Committee 

Appointed: Jeliemo, Sullivan, Mr. Stewart, (three Student Council appointees) 

Ex Officio: Miller, Chairman 

Elected: Dicks 

Co-opted: None 

Scliolarship and Grant-in-Aid Committee 

Appointed: Kirk, Chairman 

Ex Officio: McKeefery, Hawley, Vreeland, Turner, Smith 

Elected: Storey (1958); Meyer (1959); Miner (1960) 

Co-opted: None 

Student Affairs Committee 

Appointed: Mr. Mikle, Chairman; (three Student Council appointees) 

Ex Officio: Hawley, Vreeland, McKeefery 

Elected: Hughes (1958); Diefenbach (1959); Rufener (1960) 

Co-opted: None 


ocidMonal staff 

additional staff 

heolth serviM 

Clancy L Hoogerland, M. D. 
Mrs. Barbara Klugh, R. N. 
Miss Marilene Handy, R. N. 

hMid residents in dormitories 

Mrs. Mildred Hall Mary C. Gelston Hall 

Mrs. Lena Hyde Cole Cottage 

Mrs. Grace M. Kain Pioneer Hall 

Dr. Florence Kirk Bruske House 

Mrs. Marlon McLean Delta Sigma Phi House 

Mrs. Leia Whiteford Wright Hall 

Mrs. Laura Wiles Delta Gamma Tau House 

clerical staff 

Ruth Blough Secretary to the Dean of the College 

Phyllis Bramhill Secretary to the Registrar 

Dorothy Brisbois Secretary to the Director of Placement 

Betty Brown .1 Secretary to the Vice President 

Nancy Denn Secretary, Mimeographing Department 

Loretta Eddy Bookkeeper 

Barbara Gladding Secretary, Publicity and Alumni Office 

Winifred Hart Secretary, Admissions Office 

Pauline Hill Secretary to the Dean of Men 

*Winifred Huntley Secretary to the President 

Helen Johnson Secretary to the Director of Admissions 

Letitio Johnston Secretary to the Dean of Women 

Dorotho Stolz — Receptionist 

Gwen Sullivan Secretary to the President 

**Judith Woodland Secretary, Mimeographing Department 

Helen Yale Cashier 


Rollond L. Weatherby Supervisor of Maintenance 

Charles Bradley Supervisor of Housekeeping 

saga food service, inc. 

Thomas Manio n Resident Manager 

*Until March 1, 1958 
**Until April 15, 1958 


the campus, history and purpose 


Alma College Is located on a beautiful, heavily wooded campus of fifty-seven 
acres adjacent to the city of Alma, Michigan, at almost the geographical 
center of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan. Alma is fifty miles north of Lansing 
on Highway 27, forty miles west of Saginaw on Highway 46, and ninety 
miles northeast of Grand Rapids on Highways 131 and 46. 

history and purpose 

In October, 1886, at the meeting of the Presbyterian Synod of Michigan in 
Westminster Church, Grand Rapids, action was taken which caused a co-edu- 
cational college to be established at Alma, the doors opening on September 
12, 1887. Mr. Alexander Folsom pledged fifty thousand dollars, and Mr. 
Ammi W. Wright led the citizens of Alma in offering two buildings, which hod 
already been erected for educational purposes, valued at forty thousand 

During the first years the campus consisted of Old Main, the Chemistry Build- 
ing, the Library, the Hood Museum, and Pioneer Hall. The construction of the 
Dunning Memorial Chapel began a new era In the life of the college. Since 
that time renewed interest in the College has resulted in the gifts of the Jerry 
Tyler Student Center, Von Dusen Commons, the Reid-Knox Administration 
building, and Mary C Gelston Hall. A new science building will soon be 

Consistent with the original action of Synod, Alma College today is owned 
and controlled by the Presbyterian Church of Michigan and operated for 
the Synod by a Board of Trustees elected by the Synod. 

In association with forty other Presbyterian colleges. Alma has adopted the 
Standards which hove been approved by the Board of Christian Education 
of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., which the institution has followed 
since its founding. 

In June, 1957, the Synod of Michigan reaffirmed its action of 1886 by adopt- 
ing the following statement of Preliminary Principles: 

"In keeping with the historic devotion of the Church to the unfettered search 
for truth and hence its necessary involvement in higher education, it is the 
concern of the Presbyterian Church that Alma College be a community 'open 



to reason, full of mercy and good fruits, without uncertainty of Insincerity' 
(James 3), loyal to the truth as revealed In Jesus Christ. Such openness may 
be known only In an atmosphere of freedom and the Church, therefore, 
recognizes Its own responsibility for respecting the freedom of the Trustees, 
the Administration, the Faculty, the Alumni and the Students of Alma College 
as the educational program is specifically defined and administered. This is 
congenial to our Presbyterian tradition which accepts the principles that 
'God alone is Lord of the conscience, and hath left it free from the doctrine 
and commandments of men, which are in anything contrary to His word, 
or beside it in matters of faith or worship'. There are, however, certain princi- 
ples of the Christian faith by which the Presbyterian Church would ask that 
the college community be guided. 

"First, since the vocation of the college community is to seek truth and to 
cause its students to grow in the knowledge and possession of it in the whole 
self, the principles of intellectual competence on the part of those who teach 
is of primary concern. Such competence is more than a matter of information, 
it also is a quality of mind, reverent before the wholeness of truth and not 
limited even if primarily concerned, to its expression through a particular 
field of knowledge, ready to grow in further understanding, and capable of 
communicating its understandings to those who learn. 

"Second, since 'truth is in order to goodness' and not separated from the 
responsibilities of the person in the many relationships of life, the principle 
of personal Integrity is another first concern. This integrity is both an inward 
dedication to truth and an outward respect for one's fellows. The concern for 
subject matter must be accompanied by an equal concern and respect for 
the student and for the total life of the college community. 

'Third, since the experience of the individual in college is an experience 
involving growth in personal values and social relationships that help define 
the responsibilities of membership in the religious, cultural and political areas 
of life (as well as intellectual discipline) the principle of community is a still 
further first concern. The spirit of community is not to be understood artificially. 
It is created neither by a statement of intention nor by any compulsion to 
belief or behavior. It is the spirit which joins Individuals together and which 
proceeds from the common purpose of these several principles— a purpose 
within which differences are respected and accepted, but always within this 
purpose and not \n denial of it. 

'The Presbyterian Church, therefore. In the light of these principles expects 
that Alma College shall be a place which knows a quality of spirit and of 
leadership in which the pursuit of truth may become best favored, and de- 
clares to the College the support both of its educational venture and its 
material needs that Church and College together may proclaim the Glory 
of God and add to the dignity of man." 



op|6clivM of His colters 

Ultimately the objectives of Alma G>lleoe are realized In the full life and the 
achievements of its graduates. More imrfledioteiy these objectives are ex- 
pressed in terms of the kind of person 

Who has tlie resources to become: 

A free man capable of free inquiry and independent judgment 

A responsible participant as a citizen of the world 

One who finds interest and pleasure in the continuing creative use 

of his abilities and skilb 
A person of understanding, integrity and Christian commitment 
One capable of vocational and economic independence 

Who has on understanding of: 
The Christian faith 

The meaning, method and interrelation of the main branches of 
learning— tlie physical and biological sciences, the social 
sciences, and the humanities 
One area of special Interest in greater depth and detail 

Who Is able to: 

Think honestly, clearly and constructively 

Communicate effectively 

Integrate his experiences into a meaningful whole 

Recognize and accept his responsibility for leadership 

Enjoy life in all its truth, beauty and holiness 

Participate constructively In the life and work of the Christian com- 

Enter a vocation 

Continue his intellectual, cultural and spiritual growth on his own 

Maintain physical and mental health 

accraditofion ond rMognMon 

Alma College is fully accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges 
and Secondary Schools, the regional accrediting agency for the midwest. 

Alma College is approved by the Board of Christian Education of the Presby- 
terian Church, U.S.A. 

Alma College is approved by the Michigan Department of Public tnstructton. 

Alma College is a member of tlie Associatk>n of American Colleges. 

Alma College is a member of the American Associotkm of Colleges of Teacher 


campus and buildings 

The Campus of Alma College Is located in a residential section of the city 
of Alma. Included in the fifty-seven acres of college property are seventeen 
buildings, a wooded lot and a variety of trees and shrubs, landscaped to pro- 
vide an attractive campus. 

The Dunning Memorial Chapel (1941) stands at the heart of the campus. 
Built with funds raised through the Presbyterian Sesquicentennial Fund, the 
Georgian chapel is used for chapel, convocations, concerts and lectures. 

The Reid-Knox Administration Building (1955) houses the administrative of- 
fices. The building was given to Alma College by Annie Reid Knox, '99, in 
honor of her husband, the late Colonel Frank Knox, class of '98. 

The Jerry Tyler Student Center (1952), a gift from Dr. and Mrs. Leon Tyler, 
was erected in memory of their son, Jerry, and his family. When Dr. Leon 
Tyler resigned, he was head of Alma College's Department of Education. The 
Center contains gracious lounges, a snack bar, post office, and auditorium 
where plays and dances are held. It Is the focal point for after-class activities. 

The Van Dusen Commons (1953) is the dining hall for Alma College. The one- 
storied building provides accommodations for five hundred people and has 
two smaller, private dining rooms. It was given to Alma College by Mr. and 
Mrs. Charles B. Van Dusen. 

Old Main (dedicated In 1886) is one of the two original buildings on the 
campus. It contains many faculty offices and classrooms, with offices for the 
Almanian, the student newspaper and a large lecture room. 

The Chemistry Building (1894) was erected shortly after the founding of 
the College and houses a large lecture room, four laboratories, balance 
rooms, library and faculty offices. 

The Hood Museum (1900) was a gift of Mrs. Frances Hood in memory of 
her husband. Today it houses a museum and psychology laboratories on the 
top floor and laboratories for biology on the street floor and in the basement. 

The Arts Building (1946) is a temporary white wood ediflce where the art 
studios and home economics workshops ore located. 

Clizbe House was bequeathed to Alma College upon the death of Dr. Clizbe, 
former professor of music at Alma. Once a home. It is converted into studios 
and practice rooms for vocal and instrumental study. 

The Library (1889) Is one of the first libraries to have been erected on a 
midwestern campus separate from the other buildings. Fireproof stacks (1928) 
have been added. Students are provided free access to the stacks. The library 
has benefited from the following special endowments: The Lucy Plum Mitchell 
Library of History and Political Economy; The Joseph W. Ewing Memorial 
Library of Pedagogy and Education; The Mary C. Gelston Library of Latin 
Language and Literature; The Pollasky Fund; The Park Foundation of Religious 
Education; The Elizabeth Mae Roberts Memorial Collection of English Liter- 


^^'jr^, Th« barren E MitdMl fund, founded by Mr. Morgan Curtis of Fe fc»lu ey; 
7r« >s^n T. Evnng Memorial Library of Greek ond Latin Longuoge and Her- 
<9fur'^ The Char\e% K Bonbright Library Fund; The Job and Rodiel W. Pier- 
lorr L:brary Fund, bequeothed by Mr, John W. S. Pierson, lofe trustee; The 
George B. Rondeb Memorial Library Fund, given by Dr. Walter J. Kemler 
c^ bxfie; The Ckm of 191 1 Library Fund; and The Roy W. Hamilton Mem- 
Ofkd fund. 

1W Ateewrfd Gymnosium (1922), located adjacent to Bohlke Field, is used 
b/ bofh men ond women for physical education classes and indoor sports^ 
H h the cetHef of the campus-wide intro-murol program and houses the offices 
ond freeing rooms for the Department of Physical Education. 

loMhe Stadkm (1954) and Athletic Field (1925) were completed through 
the generosity of Mr, and Mrs. William A. Bohlke. The stadium is built of 
concrete and seots 3,100 spectators. A small press box is located atop the 
f$odiom to occommodote press and radio reporters. Within the stadium, 
dfe§S4ng rooms and practice rooms ore provided for the athletes. Bohlke Field 
indudet a lighted field for football, a track, baseball diamond and four en- 
dosed hordi^^surface tennis courts. The entire stadium and field ore set in a 
ncfturai endoture of evergreens planted by Mr. Bohlke some thirty years 

mri d &nc B housing 

The President's House (1927), sifvated In a wooded section of the campus 
coifed The Grove, was erected through the generosity of the trustees and 
friends of the G>llege os a home on the campus for the President and his 

Mory C Gelston Holl (1956) provides attractive living accommodations for 
more thon 200 women. This beautiful glass and brick structure includes recre- 
otion and study areas, sorority rooms and an Infirmary with nurses' quarters. 

Wright Holl (1901) Is a four^oried brick building which contains housing for 
200 men. It also Includes areas for recreation and study. 

Pioneer Holl (dedicated 1886) was one of the two original buildings on the 
campus. Built of white brick, it stands among tall pines and houses fifty 

Bruske House, the former residence of the second president of Alma College, 
has been converted Into a residence hall for women. 

Froternlty Houses are maintained near the campus by three groups: Delta 
Gamma lav, Delta Sigma Phi, and Tau Kappa Epsilon. In addition to pro- 
viding social, recreational and study rooms, the houses are dormitories for 
their members. 

G>le Cottage, a residence, was given in memory of Ida M. Cole by Mr. and 
Mrs, Maurice F. Cole. 


general information 

admission to alma college 

A student applying for admission to Alma G)llege must present evidence of 
demonstrated academic ability and background which will show that he may 
benefit from a liberal arts education. In addition, the applicant's health, 
character, record of participation in and service to his school, church, and 
community activities, and his potential as a worthy and useful citizen are 
considerea by the Admissions Committee. 

requirements for admission 

The applicant for admission must be a graduate of on accredited high 
school. He must have taken an acceptable college preparatory course of 

Fifteen units (a unit is one year of high school work) are required for admis- 
sion and must include four sequences, two major sequences (of which one 
must be English) and two minor sequences selected from the following groups. 
Although students are required to take work in only four areas, they ore 
strongly urged to include in their high school plan of study the following: 

1. English 4 years 

2. Foreign Language 2 years 

(in the same language) 

3. Science 2 years 

(biology, chemistry, physics) 

4. History and Social Studies 3 years 

5. Mathematics 2 years 

(algebra and geometry) 

Others 2 years 

Total 15 units 

Since the G>llege participates in the agreement between Michigan colleges 
and certain high schools called the Michigan Secondary School-College 
Agreement Plan, the pattern of the above required sequences may be disre- 
garded if the principal so recommends the applicant and if the applicant 
has a "B" average or better. 

If the student does not present the required sequences or acceptable work 
for entrance, he will be asked to take the Entrance Examination which is 
given by the Admissions Committee. This examination is usually administered 
on the first Saturday of every month at the College. The Scholastic Aptitude 



Test of the College Entrance Examination Board may be substituted for 
the examination given by the Admissions Committee. Full information about 
the latter exomination may be obtained from the College Entrance Examina- 
tion Board, Box 592, Princeton, New Jersey. 

application for admission 

Information concerning admission to Alma College may be obtained from: 

The Director of Admissions 

Alma College 

Alma, Michigan 

To apply for admission the applicant should submit the following items to the 
Director of Admissions: 

1. A formal application blank which must be filled out with personal 
information concerning the applicant. 

2. A picture of himself. 

3. A transcript of his high school record to date. Only tentative accept- 
ance Is given pending the receipt of the final transcript of high 
school grades. 

4. An application fee of $10.00 which must accompany the application 

5. A recommendation from the high school principal. 

6. The record of a personal interview with one of the College's Admis- 
sions Counselors whenever possible. 

7. A health report from the applicant's physician which is to be filed on 
the form to be furnished by the College. 

Applicants will be notified of the Admissions Committee's action within thirty 
days after the receipt of the completed application file. 

Applicants accepted for admission must make a $25.00 commitment deposit 
(to be applied to the student's account at the time of registration). If the 
student does not enroll, this deposit is not refunded. 

A room reservation fee of $25.00 (which is not refunded) Is required of all 
students who wish to room on campus or who make arrangements for living 
In a private home. 

admission to advanced standing by transfer 

A student who wishes to transfer from another institution must meet the regular 
requirements for admission to Alma. He must be a student in good standing at 
the previous college and must submit evidence that he has been a good 
campus citizen. 



All students transferring Into Alma are required to fulfill all graduation re- 
quirements except that adjustments in the requirements of religion and activity 
units are made. The year preceding graduation must be spent on the Alma 

Students transferring from accredited institutions to Alma Q>llege shall 
receive quality points on transferred work in accordance with the grades 
originally received, and shall be eligible for college honors, except those 
of valedictorian and salutatorian. 

odmistion of foreign students 

Credentials from schools and colleges in foreign countries will be accepted 
in accordance with the established regulations governing admission to Alma 

Evidence of competence in English must be established by students from non- 
English speaking countries. Since Alma College does not give intensive courses 
in English for foreigners. It is essential that any foreign student have enough 
competence In English to enable him to follow courses given at the college. 
Therefore^ the college may require a student to pass an English aptitude 
test which can be taken at on embassy or consulate of the United States in his 
own country. 

A foreign student must also present evidence that he has sufficient funds for 
his travel and nKilntenance in this country. He should not plan to earn money 
through employment in the United States until after he has been here for 
two years. Furthermore, each foreign student must have a sponsor in the 
United States who is willing and able to grant him financial and other old 
as needed. 

A few scholarships ore available to well-qualified foreign students. 


fees and expenses 


The usual expenses of attending Alma College are as follows: 

Tuition, per semester $275.00 

Board, per semester 200.00 

Room, per semester .„ 90.00 to 125.00 

Activity Fee, per semester 20.00 

Health Fee 5.00 

For students worlcing toward the Bachelor of Music Education degree, the 
tuition fee will be $325.00 per semester. This includes two credit hours of 
applied music instruction (two private lessons per week), and all practice fees. 

The college reserves the right to raise college costs on thirty days' notice. 

All students not living at home are required to board at the college commons. 
The health fee is applied on the student health services. The activity fee 
provides a student budget for publications and free admission to campus 
dramatic productions, social and athletic events. 

Accounts must be paid in full or satisfactory arrangements made with the 
Business Manager before students may take their fmal examinations, receive 
honorable dismissal, obtain a transcript of credits or be permitted to graduate. 
Students may pay all of their expenses at the time of registration or arrange 
for deferred payments with the Business Manager. The following methods of 
deferred payments are available: 

1. Tuition Plan, Incorporated: A contract may be signed with Tuition 
Plan, Incorporated, whereby this company will pay the account In 
full at the beginning of each semester. Monthly payments are then 
mode by the student's parent or guardian to T.P.I. 

2. Deferred Payment Plan: Under this plan the tuition and fees and 
one month's board and room are due at registration with the bal- 
ance due in three equal monthly payments. 

Write the Business Manager for further information. 


The following two commitment deposits must be made before registration: 

Commitment Deposit $25.00 

Room Reservation Deposit 25.00 

The commitment deposit Is required within thirty days from the dote of 
acceptance. The deposit is applied to the payment of tuition at the time 
of registration and is not refunded if the student does not enroll. 



Fifteen dollars of the room reservation deposit is applied toward rent and 
ten dollars is retained as a breakage fee and returned, less damages, when 
the student moves from the residence hall. The room reservation fee is refund- 
ed prior to July 15. 

laboratory fees 

Art 29, 30, 33, 34, 43, 44, per semester 2.00 

Biology 11, 12, 26, 41, per semester 5.00 

Chemistry 11, 12, 21, 22, per semester 1.00 

Chemistry 31, 32, 33, 44, 45-46, per semester 5.00 

Education 35a, 35b, per semester 2.00 

Geology 11-12, per semester 6.50 

Home Economics 11, 12, 26, 41, per semester 5.00 

Home Economics 13, 14, 21, 23, 37, per semester 2.00 

Music 15, 16, 17, 1 8, per semester 5.00 

Secretarial Studies 1 1, 12, 24, (typing fee) per semester 5.00 

miscellaneous fees 

Application Fee $ 1 0.00 

Examination Fee, Special or Proficiency 5.00 

Extra Hour Fee, for each hour beyond 16 17.00 

Graduation Fee 1 0.00 

Late Registration Fee 5.00 

Orientation Fee, required of all new students 5.00 

Special Student Fee, per credit hour 23.00 

Student Teaching and Placement Fee 17.50 

Transcript Fee 1 .00 

tuition in applied music 

College and Special Division, one lesson per week.. 35.00 

two lessons per week 65.00 

High School and Junior Divisions, one lesson per week 30.00 

Piano Rental, one to three hours per day 5.00 to 9.00 

Organ Rental, one hour per day 15.00 


Students who ore required to leave college within any semester due to 
illness or are called to military service will receive a pro-rated refund of their 
board charges and a pro-rated refund of tuition through the first six weeks 
of the semester. There will be no refunds for room rent. A student will not be 
considered as withdrawing because of illness unless the illness is certified by a 



scholarships and financial assistance 

Alma G>llege furnishes financial assistance to a substantial number of stu- 
dents. Scholarships, grants-in-aid, and student loans have been provided by 
the college and friends of the college so that merit may be recognized and 
financial needs may be met. In addition, many students will be assisted in 
finding employment either on the campus or in the local community. 

scholarships ond grants-in-oid 

Alma College recognizes promise and the intellectual attainment of its 
students by the granting of a number of scholarships annually. Grants-in- 
aid are also available for students in need of financial aid in meeting their 
college expenses. These awards vary in value and are available In a limited 
number to entering students and to a larger number of students in residence. 

New students should moke application for scholarships through the Admis- 
sions Office. All other students should apply directly to the Scholarship Com- 
mittee. All Kholorships and grants are made for one year only and a new 
application must be filed for each year for which such aid is desired. The 
amount available for individual awards per year varies in proportion to the 
number of applications and the sum placed at the disposal of the Scholarship 
Committee. The awards are divided equally between the college bills of the 
first and second semesters. Probation for any reason shall be considered justi- 
fiable cause for the withdrawal of a scholarship or grant-in-aid. 

scholarship ond gront-in-oid endowment funds 

The income from the funds listed on the following pages Is used to provide 
the scholarship awards and grants-in-aid mentioned above: 

Saginaw First Prasbytarian Church Scholarship. Established by tha First Presbyterian Church 
of Saginaw, Michigan. 

Memorial Presbyterian Church Scholarship. Established by the Rev. D. M. Cooper, D.D., of 

The John Cameron Scholarship. Established by The Trumbull Avenue Presbyterian Church of 

The J. Ambrose Wight Memorial Scholarship. Established by The First Presbyterian Church of 
Bay City. 

The Grace Preslsyterion Church Scholarship. Established by Mr. Thomas Merrill of Saginaw. 

The John P. Cleveland Memorial Scholarship. Established by The First Presbyterian Church of 

The Westminster Presbyterian Church Scholarship. Established by Westminster Presbyterian 
Church, Boy City. 


scholarship endowment 

The Forrest Avenue Presbyterian Church Scholarship. Bequeathed by the Rev. James M. 
Barkley, D.D., former chairman of the Alma College Board of Trustees. 

The Edward H. Pence and Jessie Archer Pence Scholarship Fund. Established by the Fort 
Street Presbyterian Church of Detroit. 

The First Presbyterian Church of Hoviretl Scholarship. Established by the First Presbyterian 
Church of Howell. 

The Marian H. Plum Memorial Scholarship. Given by Mr. J. H. Plum of Indianapolis. 

The Laurense Memorial Scholarship. Given by Mr. Leonard Lourense of Detroit. 

The Thomas Merrill Scholarship. Given by Mr. Thomas Merrill of Saginaw. 

The Martha P. Seeley Memorial Scholarship. Given by Mr. John F. Seeley of Caro, Michigan. 

The David M. ladd Memorial Scholarship. Established by Mr. Frank M. Lodd of Milford, 
Michigan, and the United Presbyterian and Congregational Church of Milford. 

The Horry G. Kelton Memorial Scholarship. Given by Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Kelton of Boy City. 

The Charles D. Chatfield Memorial Scholarship. Given by Mr. Clarence B. Chotfield of Bay City. 

The Lucy Plum Mitchell Memorial Scholarship. Established by Mr. James E. Mitchell of Alma. 

The Louis Penoyer Memorial Scholarship. Established by Mrs. Emmeline Penoyer of Saginaw. 

The William Heortt Scholarship. Given by Mr. William A. Heartt of Caro, Michigan. 

The Martha B. Heartt Memorial Scholarship. Given by Mr. William A. Heartt of Coro. 

The Alba A. Lull Scholarship. Given by Mr. Alba A. Lull of Pontioc. 

The Rachel W. Pierson Memorial Scholarship. Given by Mr. John W. S. Pierson of Stanton, 

The Edith M. Davis Scholarship. Given by Mrs. Edith M. Davis of Saginaw. 

The Helen Anderson Tanner Memorial Scholarship. Given by Mr. M. W. Tanner of Saginaw. 

The Watson B. Robinson Scholarship. Given by Mr. James W. Robinson of Alma. 

The Theodore D. Marsh Memorial Scholarship. Given by the Rev. T. D. Marsh, D.D., of Grand 

The Harriet Barton Wright Memorial Scholarship. Given by Mrs. J. Henry Lancashire, of 
Manchester, Mass. 

The Margaret N. Thorburn Memorial Scholarship. Given by Mr. James T. Thorburn of Detroit. 

The (Catherine M. inglis Scholarship. Given by Mr. Thomas Merrill of Saginaw. 

The Charles Grant Browneil Scholarship. Given by Mrs. Mary E. D. Brownell's Estate, Detroit. 

The Francis King Scholarship. Given by Mr. Francis King of Alma. 

The M. S. Smith Memorial Scholarship. Given by Mrs. Helen Smith Deming of Detroit. 


scholarship endowment 

The Hoael B. Garland Memorial Scholarship. Given by Mr. Arthur Garland of Howell, Michigan. 

The Nathan B. Bradley Memorial Scholarship. Given by Messrs. Elmer E. and Fred W. Bradley 
of Boy City. 

The Helen A. Gould Scholarship. Given by Mrs. Helen Gould of Saginaw. 

The Preston Scholarship. Given by Mr. and Mrs. S. H. Preston of Lansing. 

The Carrie Allen Scholarship. Given by Miss Carrie Allen of Howell, Michigan. 

The George A. Abbott Scholarship. Given by Mrs. George A. Abbott of Howell, Michigan. 

The Harper Reed Memorial Scholarship. Given by Mrs. Harper Reed of Mason, MIchigon. 
Students from Ingham County, approved by the Session of the First Presbyterlon Church of 
Mason, are given preference. 

The Emma O. Reed Scholarship. Given by Mrs. Harper Reed of Mason, Michigan. Students 
from Ingham County, approved by the Session of the First Presbyterian Church of Moson, 
are given preference. 

The Wylie Scholarship Fund. Bequeathed by Mrs. James R. Wylie of Grand Rapids. 

The Florence Hood von Thurn Scholarship Fund. Established by the Class of 1911. 

The Mary E. Putnam Scholarship. Given by Miss Mary E. Putnam of Howell, Michigan. Students 
for the ministry ore given preference. 

The Velma Sharp Scholarship Fund, for students in music selected by the First Baptist Church 
of Alma. Bequeathed by Mr. Lester A. Sharp of Alma, former trustee of Alma College. 

The Samuel H. and Louise L Forrer Scholarship Fund. Students for the ministry are given 

The Harriet Davis Clark Memorial Fund. Given by Margaret Poole Monroe, '21, of Pontioc. 

The Charles J. and Augusta Royner Scholarship Fund. Given by Mrs. Horry J. Bond of Mason, 
Michigan. Preference Is given to students from Mason and higham County. 

The Leslie and Hester Woodruff Memorial Fund. Given by Mr. Earl W. Woodruff, Class of 
1915, of Columbus, Ohio. 

The Horry J. and Iva E. Bond Scholarship Fund. Given by Mrs. Horry J. Bond of Mason, 
Michigan. Preference is given to students from Mason and Ingham County. 

The Hastings Scholarships, established by the Hastings Manufacturing Company of Hastings, 
Michigan. Preference is given to families of the Company. 

The Charles Nelson Brainord Scholarship Fund. Given by his daughter. Miss Elizabeth S. 
Brainord of Dearborn. Preference is given to students for the ministry. 

The Louis E. and Margaret C. Word Scholarship Fund. Awarded each year to on outstanding 
student on the basis of scholarship and financial need. First consideration Is given to o 
student planning a career of Christian Service. 


Wrighl Hail 


The Alfred Baker Lindley Memorial Scholarships, established by Mr. and Mrs. Adelbert 
H. Lindley in memory of their son, Sgt. Alfred B. Lindley, who gave his life for his country 
in the Korean conflict. Two scholarships of $250 are available annually to iuniors and seniors 
with first consideration given to students majoring in the field of Political Science or 
Political and Social Thought. The scholarships are awarded on the basis of educational 
achievements and leadership potential. 

The Grant L. Cook Memorial Scholarship established by the Grant L. Cook Foundation. 

The Educational Fund established in 1955 by The Johnson Corporation of Three Rivers, 
Michigan, Mr. R. O. Monroe, President. The income from the Educational Fund is used for 
scholarships with first preference given to students from Three Rivers, Michigan and vicinity. 

special scholarships 

Awarded annually from gifts and grants: 

The Bess Chase Edmonson Scholarship, $150.00. Given by the Women's Association of the 
First Presbyterian Church of Ann Arbor. 

The Katie Devine Scholarship, $100.00. Given by the Women's Association of the Orchard 
Lake Community Church. 

The Dow Chemical Company Scholarships, $500.00. Four of these scholarships ore made 
available each year by the Dow Chemical Company to students of junior or senior standing 
majoring in chemistry who plan on chemistry as a vocation. 

The New Moon Home Scholarships, $500.00. Four scholarships ore made available each 
year by the New Moon Homes, Incorporated, to students seeking a degree in engineering or 
business administration. High school graduates from the following communities are eligible: 
Alma, Ashley, Breckenridge, Carson City, Edmore, Fulton, Hemlock, Ithaca, Merrill, Mt. Pleasant 
and St. Louis. 

The Mildred Frisbie Memorial Scholarship, $200.00. Given by the Alma Business & Profes- 
sional Women's Club. The recipient of this scholarship is to be a girl from Gratiot County who 
is In need of financial assistance and who has maintained a "B" averoge or above. 

The Herbert W. Mason Memorial Scholarship, $200.00. Given by Mrs. Herbert W. Mason, 
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. 

The William M. MacKay, D.D. Scholarship, $500.00. Given by Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Stelnel to 
aid pre-church vocation young people. 

The Detroit Edison Company Scholarship, $200. One scholarship is available each year to 
an outstanding member of the freshman class. 

The Consumers Power Company Scholarship, $200. One scholarship is available each year 
to an outstanding member of the freshman class. 

The William A. Cassidy Memorial Scholarship, full tuition. Given to an outstanding graduate 
of Midland High School by Mrs. W. A. Cassidy, of the Cassidy Theatres, Inc., of Midland, 

The Mrs. Frank Mechling Scholarship, $500.00. Given to a pre-theologicol student by Mrs. 
Frank Mechling of Saginaw, Michigan. 



The General MoTors Scholarship $20042,000. Four scholarships are available, 1958-59 to be 
awarded by the Scholarship Committee on the basis of scholarship and need. 

Midland Alumni Scholarships, $300.00. Two scholarships given to graduates of the Midland, 
Michigan, high school as designated by the Alma alumni in the Midland area. 

university scholarship 

Annually a graduate of Alma College Is nominated for a State College 
Scholarship provided by the Horace H. Rackham School for Graduate Studies 
of the University of Michigan. The candidate is determined by vote of the 
faculty, the selection being made in February or March. 


Oratory Prizest The Elizabeth Bradley Oratorical Prize is given annually by Dr. Presfon W. 
Bradley of The People's Church, Chicago. The prize of $100 is distributed in $25, $15 and 
$10 amounts to the first three ranking men and women in individual oratory. 

The Adair Bequest from the estate of the Rev. and Mrs. J. A. Adair of Concord, Michigan, 
furnishes prizes to students in Bible, to the senior who writes the best oration on The Christian 
College and Its Influence on American Civilization, and for religious or secular lectures. 

The Barlow Trophy, given by Mr. Joel Barlow, '29, of Washington, D.C., Is awarded annually 
to a member of the senior class selected by the Faculty and the Student Council on the basis of 
ichoiorship, character and campus leadership. 

The Lindley Forensic Awards ore given each year by Adelbert H. Lindley, '11, of Detroit, 
Michigan, to outstanding students in the field of forensla. The award of $100.00 is divided 
into three ov^rds of $50.00, $30.00, and $20.00. 

loans to students 

Loans from the funds listed below are available to students on either a short 
or long term basis. Arrangements for long term loans must be made with the 
Dean of Men during the semester and two weeks prior to final examinations. 
Loans are not ordinarily available to entering freshmen. 

loan funds 

The Alma College Student Loon Fund. 

The D. C Smolley Memorial Fund. 

The Agnes Hope Loan Fund, established by Camilla Wheeler Paul. 

The Lois Fraicer MacDonald Loan Fund, established by Edith M. Davis, Class of 1934. 

The Bertha Elder Malcolm Rotary Loan Fund, established by Elizabeth Ann Malcolm, Class of 
1936, William Froser Malcolm, Class of 1937, and Ruth Louise Malcolm, Class of 1938. 

The Paul Louis Reed Memorial Fund, established by Mr. and Mrs. Harry E. Reed. 



The Barbara Marnock Rotary Loan Fund. Mrs. Hubbell't Bible Class Rotary Loan Fund, and 
the Men's Class Memorial Rotary Loon Fund ore funds established by the First Presbyterlon 
Church of Howell, Michigan. These funds ore available, first to students from Howell; second, 
to students from Livingston County; and third to any satisfactory applicants. 

The Oscar D. Morrill Loan Fund, provided through the will of the late Oscar D. Morrill 
of Ann Arbor, Michigan, is available, first, to students from Washtenaw County, and second 
to residents of Michigan rural communities. 

The Catherine Mclntosh-Anna Robinson Scholarship Loan Fund, was established by the Anne 
Odell Auxiliary of Westminster Church, Detroit, for a young person from Westminster church 
who is planning to enter futkime Christian service. 

The Stanley A. Graves Memorial Loon Fund, established by his wife, Marie H. Graves, Ph.D., In 
memory of Stanley A. Graven class of 1910. 

Student ompbyment 

Many Alma G>llege students earn part of their college expenses by working 
either on the campus or In the community. Application for employment on 
the campus should be made with the Dean of Men. Arrangements for port 
time employment in the community should be made with the Placement Oflfice. 

Students are employed as laboratory assistants, library assistants, in steno- 
graphic service, dining hall service and maintenance work on the campus. 

Students are expected to maintain their work assignments without jeopardiz- 
ing their scholastic standing. 


The residence facilities of the college include residence halls for both men 
and women students, and two homes for small groups. Mary C. Gelston Hall, 
Pioneer Hall, Bruske House and Cole Q>ttage accommodate 270 women. 
Wright Hall accommodates 200 men. All residence facilities are under the 
supervision of carefully selected Head Residents and upperclass students who 
serve as dormitory assistants. 

housing for men 

All freshman men who are not living with their parents or legal guardians 
must live in the college residences. Sophomore, junior and senior men who are 
not living at home may live in fraternity houses or in rooms approved by 
the Dean of Men. 

housing for women 

All undergraduate women students who are not living with their parents 
or legal guardians must live in residence under college supervision. 



for rooms 

Applications for rooms in the residence halls should be sent to the office of the 
Director of Admissions by new students, and to the offices of the Dean of Men 
and the Dean of Women for students previously matriculated. 

room doposHs 

A deposit of $25.00 is required to reserve a room in a residence hall or in a 
private home. Ten dollars of the deposit is retained as a breakage fee and 
is returned upon termination of residence. Fifteen dollars is applied toward 
the semester rent. Room deposits are not refunded after July 15. 

Room deposits for residence halls are made with the Business Office after 
the 15th of March of the preceding year. Upperclassmen and men transfer 
students should make their deposits directly to the householder by June 1 . 

room contracts 

Room contracts in the residence halls are made for the entire year. The col- 
lege retains the right to make changes in assignment whenever it seems wise. 
Rooms occupied in private homes must be retained for an entire semester. 
Permission to change rooms may be given only by the Dean of Men and Dean 
of Women. 

vocation arrangements 

The residence halls are closed during all official vacation periods and 
students cannot reside in them at these times. Other appropriate arrange- 
ments for housing must be made. 

room descriptions and furnishings 

Single, double, and suite rooms are furnished with dresser, single bed, mat- 
tress, pillow, study table, chairs, and window shades. All occupants must 
furnish towels, sheets, pillow slips, blankets, bedspreads, and if desired, one 
small rug. Curtains are supplied in all dormitories except Wright Hall. 


All students are required to take their meals at the college commons. Excep- 
tions are made only for students living in their own homes. 

The evening meal is served to students at their tables to encourage fellow- 
ship and an atmosphere of relaxed dining. Breakfast and lunch are served 
cafeteria style. 

Appropriate dress is expected at all meals. The customary attire for the 
served meals is coats and ties for men, and dresses, heels and hose for women. 


campus activities 

campus activities and organizations 

Alma College believes that participation In a wide variety of student activities 
is a vital part of tlie total educational process. Student Government is a 
growing tradition in the residence units and is an assumed part of student 
campus community responsibilities. Some of the representative campus activi- 
ties are given below, to stimulate participation In these activities six activity 
units are included as part of the graduation requirements. 

campus government 

Alma students operate their own student organizations with a large degree 
of freedom and are regular members on policy-making groups of the Col- 
lege's administrative bodies, in such Committees as Student Affairs, Health, 
Athletics, Assemblies and Special Programs, Judicial, Publications, and Re- 
ligious Life and Work. 

The following student organizations have been established for purposes of 
self-government, the promotion of student enterprises and student-faculty 

The Student Council is the most representative all-campus organization. It 
serves as the governing and legislative board of the student body and acts 
OS on agent of communication between the students and faculty. 

The Women's Self Government Association affiliated with the Intercol- 
legiate Association of Women Students in 1956. It is part of a national col- 
lege movement to foster unity among women students. All regularly enrolled 
women students are members of the Association. 

The Tyler Center Board, composed of four members of the student body, rep- 
representing each of the classes, one faculty member and the Dean of Men 
and Dean of Women who ore permanent members of the Board, is the 
program-planning and governing body for Tyler Student Center. 

The Interfroternity and Intersorority Councils ore the coordinating agencies 
for the three fraternities and three sororities on the campus. 

honor societies 

Phi Sigma Pi is the scholastic honor society of Alma College. Candidates are 
elected to membership by the present student and faculty members after 
consideration of scholarship, character and residence requirements. 

Tau Kappa Alpha is the notional honorary fraternity In speech. 

Lambda Iota Tau is the national honorary fraternity in language and litera- 





The Almo Christian Association is a voluntary religious group with member- 
ship open to all students. Its activities are directed by an elected cabinet The 
A.CA. seeks to be the medium for religious expression on the campus. It 
fosters this through Religion in Life weeic, Wednesday evening meetings, 
Sunday evening vespers, and retreats, it also engages in off-campus religious 
activities such as work with migrants, deputation work, and visitations to tiie 
Michigan Mosonic l-iome. 

fraternities ond sorarities 

There is one local fraternity on the campus: Delta Gamma Tau. Two national 
fraternities. Delta Sigma Phi and Tau Kappa Epsilon, have chapters at Alma 

There are three local sororities: Alpha Theto, Kappa Iota, and Sigma Phi. 


Alma College provides a balanced program in athletics. Intercollegiate 
competition includes Michigan intercollegiate Athletic Association contests in 
footlxill, basketball, ixiseball, track, tennis and golf. Intramural competition 
in volleyball, basketball and softboli hove achieved campus-wide support. 

The Women's Athletic Association sponsors intercollegiate and intramural 
competition in several sports. 


The A Cappella Choir is a 55 voice choir which provides music for chapel 
services and mokes two concert tours each year. Admission is by audition. 

The Kiltie Band, which is dressed in authentic Scotch kilts, gives performances 
during the footixill season and on television. It gives regular concerts also. 
Admission Is by audition. 

The Alma College Symphonette has a membership mode up of college and 
community instrumentalists. The group rehearses two hours weekly and pre- 
sents at least one concert each year, it also accompanies the Choral Union in 
its annual performances of the great oratorios. 

The Alma Singers is a small group of select singers who present programs of 
madrigals, folk songs and musical comedy selections. 

The Women's Glee Club is open to college women by audition. It rehearses 
one hour weekly. Performances by this group ore given for campus activities 
and off-campus functions. 

The Duo-Piano Ensemble is open to all college students who have a reason- 
able degree of proficiency in piano. Entrance is by audition. A duo-piano 
recital is presented each semester, one a classical recital and the other a 
"Pop Concerf '. 

The Choral Union Is a civic organization which frequently presents oratorios 
and ensemble performances. 




The Almanian is the student newspaper which not only provides a service to 
all students but also gives valuable experience to the staff. 

The Scotsman is the college annual. It provides a pictorial summary of student 
life at Alma College. Rewarding friendships and interesting experiences 
stem from service on this publication. 

The Pine River Anthology is a student publication in which is compiled the 
creative writing deemed worthy of publication. During the year the student 
sponsors of this magazine are active in literary criticism and writing. 


The Drama Club produces several plays each year. The varied tasks in the 
production of these ploys give opportunity for many students to learn a 
great deal about theater arts. 

In Forensics participation in debate, discussion, extemporary speaking and 
orotory is given. Local prizes have been established for excellence in this 

departmental clubs 

Many departments of the college hove established clubs for all interested in 
an informal approach to problems and resources in their areas. Speakers, 
field trips and projects enrich the students' formal classroom experience. 
Activity unit credit may be earned for participation in these clubs. 

unit credit 

Six activity units are required for graduation. One activity unit for a minimum 
of forty-five clock hours of preparation and participation in on activity and 
one-half activity unit for twenty-five clock hours may be given. Faculty super- 
vision and recommendation ore required for the granting of this credit. 
These activities hove been defined as co-curricular or an extension of the 
curriculum and must be sponsored by a department of the college. 

An average of 1.00 the semester previous to participation will be required 
of students who participate in M.I.A.A. competition. 

Activity unit credit may be recommended for participation In the activities 
listed below: 

Biology Club )6 unit per y»or 

Chemistry Club Mt unit per year 

Economics Forum Mt unit per year 

Boy Scout Leadership !6 unit per semester 

Girl Scout Leadership 16 unit per semester 

Future Teachers of America 16 unit per year 



French Club 

German Club 

Home Economics Club 


A Coppellc Choir 


Choral Union 


Small Ensembles 
Two Piano 
Alma Singers 
Women's Glee Club 
Instrumental Ensembles, etc. 

Philosophy Club 

Physical Education for Men 

Physical Education 11-12 
Intramural Participation 

Vi unit per year 
V& unit per year 
]^ or 1 unit per year 

1 unit per semester 
1 unit per semester 
Yi unit per semester 
Yi or 1 unit per semester 
V2 or 1 unit per semester 

V2 unit per year 

1 unit per semester 
1 unit per semester 
V& unit per semester 

(Men participating in reserve training programs and those who hove been in the 
armed forces will be granted activity unit credit in physical education in proportion 
to the amount of time spent in the program.) 

Physical Education for Women 
Physical Education 11-12 
Folk Dancing 

Psychology Club 



Alma Christian Association 

Spanish Club 




Extempore Speaking 



Prose and Poetry Reading 

Radio Broadcasting 

Speaker's Bureau 

Student Council 

Service Projects 

1 unit per semester 
16 or 1 unit per semester 
V2 or 1 unit per semester 
V2 unit per semester 

¥2 unit per year 

V^ or 1 unit per semester 
V2 or 1 unit per semester 

Vb or 1 unit per year 
V^ unit per year 

16 or 1 unit per semester 
16 or 1 unit per semester 
Yi unit per semester 
V^ or 1 unit per semester 
Yi unit per semester 
V6 unit per semester 
Yt or 1 unit per semester 
Yi or 1 unit per semester 

V2 unit per year 

Yi or ] unit per semester or year 


student services 

student services 

Alma College recognizes the fact that education Is not confined to the class- 
room but is found in the total experiences of the student. Accordingly, a 
Division of Student Personnel has been established to provide counseling 
and guidance beyond the classroom. This program is intended to implement 
the instructional program and to contribute tov/ord the total growth and 
development of the individual student. It seeks, in the first place, to provide 
an environment, both physical and psychological, which will be conducive 
to the fullest achievement of the student, it provides supervision and guidance 
in co-curricular activities and a variety of services designed to promote the 
full development of the individual, in keeping with the educational goals of 
the college. These services include (1) orientation of the new student, (2) 
academic advisement, (3) vocational orientation and placement, (4) personal 
counseling, (5) testing services and referral, and (6) advisement of the student 
activities program. 


Orientation of the new student to college life begins even before he arrives 
on the campus, through the visits with college representatives and through 
the letters, information booklets and other descriptive materials that are sent 
to new students. A pre-school orientation period takes place in September. 
All new students are asked to arrive prior to the opening of college, to partici- 
pate in the Freshman Orientation period. This consists of a series of exper- 
iences which are designed to give the student an opportunity to get acquaint- 
ed with college life, to learn to know his classmates, and to become acquaint- 
ed with his faculty and his adviser. It also helps his adviser to become 
acquainted with him. The orientation process continues throughout the 


The counseling staff includes the Dean of Men, the Dean of Women selected 
faculty members, departmental chairmen, head residents, and selected 
student advisers. 

Every freshman is assigned to a faculty adviser, who counsels with him until 
he chooses a major field, or requests a new adviser. The faculty adviser con- 
fers with the student several times each semester to provide academic advice 
and approves his registration, or adjustments in registration, before they are 
filed with the Registrar. 

Personal problems may be taken to the Dean of Men or Dean of Women, 
and to the College Pastor as well as to the faculty adviser. The student is 
not limited to the adviser to whom he has i^een assigned during Orientation 


student services 

Week. He may also confer with other faculty members and with the student 
personnel deans on any matters of concern to him. 

In the residence halls, the junior and senior advisers, who are a selected 
group of upperclass students, old the freshmen in learning the many new 
phases of college life. The head residents, or housemothers. In each hall, 
who are members of the staff of the Dean of Men or Dean of Women, also 
counsel with students. 

testing services 

Tests of intelligence, interest, aptitude, achievement, and personality ore 
available through the Student Personnel Office to students who wish to take 
advantage of them. The testing program at Alma includes a national testing 
program for all freshmen and sophomores. These tests are used in counseling 
the student. 

vocotional guidonce 

The following guidance services ore available to the student through the 
Personnel Office, the departmental chairmen, and faculty advisers: (1) per- 
sonal counseling with vocational problems; (2) assistance in planning for 
further study by providing Information about additional educational oppor- 
tunities, including scholarships, fellowships, and assistantships available in 
graduate and professional schools; and (3) opportunities for learning about 
vocations. A file of vocational opportunities is maintained In the Personnel 
Office, and frequent speakers on vocational sub|ects are invited to the 
campus. Field trips provide additional help In acquiring vocational orientation 
by observation. 


The Placement Office assists students and alumni In securing desirable posi- 
tions. The services of the Placement Office ore available to alumni and to 
students. The services may be divided Into two areas: (1) the placement of 
teachers and (2) the placement of those Interested In commercial, industrial, 
or professional positions. 

The Placement Office publicizes job opportunities and brings representatives 
of employers to the campus to Interview students. Senior students should 
register for placement early during their senior year. All placement creden- 
tials are kept in permanent files and con be used any time after the student 
graduates. Record and correspondence ore confidential. 

The Placement Office also arranges for part-time employment off campus 
for summer positions. 

veterans counseling 

Veterans and students with military obligations ore counseled by the Dean 
of Men. 


student services 

f oraign students 

Supervision of foreign students' credentials is undertalcen by the Registrar who 
is also Adviser to Foreign Students. However, foreign students are also given 
academic advisers and may receive personal counseling from the Dean of 
Men and the Dean of Women. 

Foreign students are subject to all college regulations and are given the 
some opportunities as other students. 

heoMi service 

The college maintains a Health Center on the campus under the supervision 
of a G>llege Physician. He is assisted by two graduate nurses and has avail- 
able a group of consulting physicians from the staffs of the two local hospitals. 
The Health Center is equipped for routine office treatments, consultations, 
and minor surgery. Six beds are available for bed core which does not 
require specializea treatment. 

A complete health report provided by the family physician is required of all 
entering students. A recent smallpox immunization (within the past three 
years) is required; also a tuberculin test taken not longer than one year 
before the date of admission. The necessary forms are sent to the student be- 
fore the opening of college. These procedures ore measures of public health 
and are needed for the protection of the other students in college, as well as 
for the protection of the applicant. 

Parents are notified in the event of a severe illness. The student or his 
parent selects the physician when consultation is required. In cases of emerg- 
ency, when the parents are not available, one of the deans acts as guardian 
for the student. 

In order further to insure adequate medical and surgical care for its students 
in the event of serious Illness or accidents, the College offers an insurance 
program designed to meet the expense of hospitalization, medical and 
surgical fees, and other costs. Details of the Insurance benefits are found in 
the insurance policy. 

record and picture lending libraries 

A picture lending library was begun in 1956 and made available for student 
use a number of reproductions of masterpieces and outstanding pictures 
produced by the students of the Art Department. The pictures are loaned by 
the Art Department for the use of students in their rooms. 

A collection of classical and modern records is similarly available for student 
loan through the Department of Music and the Library. 


student conduct 

policies governing student conduct 

The College expects the student to conduct himself in accordance with the 
ideals for which Alma College stands and to observe the rules and customs 
governing student conduct. Whenever possible students are encouraged to 
handle disciplinary problems through their own governmental organizations. 
Matters requiring serious disciplinary measures are handled by the student- 
faculty Judicial Committee. 

The following specific policies ore called to the attention of the students. 

Alma College is opposed to the use of alcoholic beverages on the port of 
its students. Any student whose conduct Indicates a lack of conformity to 
this policy Is subject to disciplinary action. Persons who for any reason feel 
unwilling or unable to support this standard should not enroll at Alma. 


Students who wish to use automobiles on the campus must register the car 
with the Dean of Men at the beginning of the school year. Any student having 
a car at his disposal must give evidence that it is properly Insured. 


All college halls of residence Including fraternities are required to have a 

resident head, or housemother, who serves as chaperon and has general 

supervision of the house. 

Whenever women are entertained in men's housing, the head resident must 

be present. Specified calling hours are set up for both men's and women's 


overnight permission for women students 

Parental wishes are followed regarding overnight visits away from the 
campus. All over night visits must be registered with the head resident and 
must conform to the stated parental policy. 


academic information 

academic policies 

registration procedures 

Every student is required to register at the beginning of each semester. IHe 
must present himself for registration at the time announced. Registration Days 
ore specified in the College Calendar and registration after the date announc- 
ed will require the student to pay a late registration fee of five dollars. 


A two-week period prior to the close of the semester is designated as a time 
for students to meet with their advisers to consider their programs for the 
coming semester. This time is spent considering the student's planned program 
for his ensuing semesters as well as the one immediately following. The 
student makes his choice of courses and receives the approval of his program 
by the academic adviser. 

maximum and minimum semester hour loads 

A student is expected to enroll in fifteen hours per semester to progress at 
the normal rate of speed toward graduation at the end of four years. 

A student who enrolls in less than 1 2 semester hours is considered to be a 
special student unless he is in his senior year. If the student's point overage 
is sufficiently low the adviser may request that he enroll in less than 15 hours 
but not less than 1 2. 

To enroll in more than 17 semester hours a student must hove received a 2.00 
average the semester previous to his enrollment In the extra hours. He is not 
allowed to register for more than 20 semester hours unless he receives per- 
mission from the Academic Standards and Credits Committee. For each hour 
of enrollment beyond 16 the student is charged by the hour at the extra hour 
rate as given under Fees. 

auditing of courses 

With the consent of the instructor a student who is registered for 1 2 hours may 
audit courses without additional charge. A student who audits a course may 
not participate in any of the requirements of the classroom work. Therefore, 
auditing of applied work, such as art studio, laboratories, piano, organ, and 
voice, is not allowed. 


academic policits 

change of dost ragistrotion 

A student may enter a class for one week after the day that classes begin in o 
semester. This change of registration is established by obtaining a change of 
registration form from the Registrar's Office, having the adviser approve the 
change in his program, and receiving the permission of the instructor to enter 
his class. Notice of the change in registration is then sent by the Registrar to 
the instructor whose class he is entering and to the instructor from whose 
class he is withdrawing. 

withdrowol from o ckns 

Withdrawal without penalty from a class may be mode only through the 
end of the third week of a semester and with the permission of the adviser 
and the Registrar. After the third week a student may not withdraw from a 
ckass without receiving on "E" grade except by special permission. This 
special permission is granted only upon the presentation of a petition to 
the Academic Standards and Qedits Committee which, if granted, will allow 
the removal of the enrollment from the students record. 

withdrawal from alma college 

A course of study, once begun, will be considered by the college as a dec- 
laration of intention by the student to finish the semester. If, for reasons 
of illness, or other reasons beyond the control of the student, he is unable 
to finish his work, he must notify the Dean of Men or Dean of Women of his 
reasons for wishing to leave the Q>llege, moke all arrangements with the 
Business Office and notify the Registrar. Written assent of a parent or 
guardian is required of any student under twenty-one years of age. 

If the student leaves without notifying the college of his reasons for doing so, 
he will receive the grade of ''WF'' in all classes and no arrangements can be 
mode to refund his tuition. 

If the student leaves because of illness or other reasons beyond his control, his 
record will be recorded as "WD" (Withdrew Passing) and arrangements will 
be made to pro-rote his charges. (See refunds.) 

A student is granted honorable dismissal when he withdraws from the college 
if he is not subject to discipline or has been suspended. 


The scholastic standing of a student is evaluated by the following grades: A, 
excellent; B, good; C, average; D, poor; E, failure. 

The grade of I (incomplete) may be used to indicate that although the work 
done is of passing grade, some port of the course remains unfinished because 
of illness or for some other reoson over which the student has no control. 
The instructor may give the grade of I subject to the approval of the Dean 


acodemie policies 

and the Registrar. In the event that a student receives the grade of 1, he must 
arrange to complete his work within six weelcs after the end of the semester or 
the grade will automatically become an E. 

The grade of WD is given if the student withdraws from the College Isecause 
of illness or reasons beyond his control. 

The grade of WF is given if the student withdraws from the G)llege without 
permission or reason. 

point system 

The point system is used to indicate the scholastic attainment of the student. 
Under this system honor points are assigned for each letter grade as follows: 
on A gives three points for each semester hour; a B, two points; a C, one 
point; a D, no points; on E, minus one point; on I, no points; WF, minus one 
point; WD, no points. 

To compute the student's point average for the semester the total number of 
honor points which he receives at the end of a semester is divided by 
the total number of hours In which the student was registered in that semester. 

probation, retention and dismissal 

A minimum grade point average of 1.00 is required for graduation, which 
means that in every case the number of honor points must equal or exceed 
the total number of credit hours. At the close of each semester the grade point 
average of every student whose record falls below the minimum standard Is 
reviewed by the Academic Standards and Credits Committee. 

In general, action will be taken upon each individual case and will follow in 
accordance with the scale given below. This does not imply that an action 
may follow exactly the following scale if circumstances justify special action. 
The Committee, therefore, may retain or dismiss a student upon the individual 
circumstances of the case. 

Probation: This is on intermediate academic standing between satisfactory 
standing and standing leading to dismissal. The standing iDelow which a 
student Is placed on probation Is: 

End of the Semester First Second Third Fourth Fifth or more 

Cumulative Average 0.80 0.80 1.00 1.00 1.00 

Previous semester 
Average 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.80 

Dismissal: A student will be considered for dismissal when either his cumulative 
point overage falls below 0.00 at the end of his first semester, iDelow 0.60 
at the end of his second semester, below 0.80 at the end of his third 
semester, or below a 1 .00 at the end of his fourth semester or thereafter, or, 
if his standing has placed him on probation for three consecutive semesters. 

A student may apply to the Academic Standards and Credits committee after 
one semester has elapsed to hove his record reviewed for readmission. 


academic policies 


Participation in the competitive sports of the Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic 
Association requires that the student have a 1.00 average in the semester 
previous to his participation. 

A cumulative average of 1.00 is required by the college for eligibility for 
rushing and membership in any fraternity or sorority. 


The college requires regular attendance of students at classes, convocations 
and chapels. A student who must be absent from a class is expected to inform 
his instructor of his reasons for absence. An excessive number of absences may 
result in a penalty for the student. 

Convocations and chapels are regularly held twice a week and the student 
is allowed one or two absences from these a month. Each absence over and 
beyond the number allowed will result in the subtraction of one-half an honor 
point from the studenf s semester record. 


Examinations are held at the close of each semester and at intervals during 
the semester, at the discretion of the instructor. 

Final examinations are written and are two hours in length. A period of one 
week at the end of each semester is designated as final examination week. 
No regular classes are held during that week. 

A fee of five dollars shall be charged for all announced examinations given 
at other than the scheduled time. Permission to take an examination at a time 
other than the regularly scheduled time must be obtained from the instructor 
and the Dean of the Faculty. 

proficiency examinations 

Freshmen who have not been previously enrolled at any other college may 
receive advanced credit through proficiency examinations for college courses 
the subject matter of which they have mastered prior to their enrollment at 
Alma College. 

Students who wish to take advantage of this program may apply for these 
proficiency examinations to the Board of Examiners at the time of their 
admission to Alma College or during their first semester of residence. The 
application must be accompanied by a fee of $5.00 for each examination. 
This fee will not be returned unless the application is rejected. For freshmen 
who enter in September the proficiency examinations will be given during the 
Orientation Week In September and during the first week in January. For 
freshmen who enter at the beginning of the second semester the examina- 


academic policies 

tions will be given just prior to registration and during the first week in May. 
Application for the September examinations must be made by August 1, for 
the January examinations by December 1, for the examinations given just 
prior to second semester registration by January 1, and for the May examin- 
ations by April 1. 

To pass a proficiency examination the student must demonstrate a level 
of proficiency which is at least equal to the proficiency of students who have 
passed the corresponding college course with a grade of C. The examination 
in certain subjects may be a practical as well as a written examination. 
While these examinations give a student credits towards graduation and 
major and minor requirements, no honor points can be earned in this 
manner; therefore, credit earned through proficiency examinations will not 
be included in calculating the student's honor point average. Failed examina- 
tions are not recorded. 

No proficiency examinations will be given for the following courses: 

(a) Courses which are equivalent to any of the first fifteen academic 
units which a student offers for college entrance. 

(b) Courses which are less intensive than another course which covers the 
some field of human knowledge (that is, a student may take a 
proficiency examination for Chemistry 1 1, but not for Chemistry 13). 

(c) Courses in applied music and studio art with the exception of Art 


(d) Reading and problems courses whose subject matter varies from 
year to year and depends on the student's interest and previous 

If a student desires to take a proficiency examination for an advanced course 
he can receive credit for this course only if he is establishing credit for all 
its pre-requisites. 

A student who has failed a proficiency examination may not apply for re- 

correspondence work 

Alma College does not offer work by correspondence. Nine semester hours 
of work by correspondence with an accredited institution will be accepted 
toward the requirements for the degree, but not more. These hours may not 
be accepted by Alma College if the student has not obtained from the Aca- 
demic Standards and Credits Committee permission to enroll in these hours. 
A student should not attempt to carry work by correspondence while en- 
rolled in a full-time program on the campus. Correspondence work taken 
during the summer must be completed by September 10 and a transcript 
which shows the work is completed must be on file in the Registrar's Office 
by that time. 


academic policies 

of students 

Students ore classified as regular, full-time students If they carry 12 hours 
or more. Students carrying less than 12 hours are classified as special 
students (unless they are candidates for the degree and in their last year 
of residence). 

Classification of the student is based on the fact that Alma graduates its 
students only once a year, in June. Students are therefore classified in the 
fall semester with the minimum requirements for the three classes being: 
seniors must have earned 86 semester hours of credits; juniors, 56; and 
sophomores, 24. 

To be classified as a senior in the spring semester a senior must hove earned 
a minimum of 103 credits and be enrolled for such classes as will allow him 
to t>e graduated in June. Juniors must have earned 70 credits; and sopho- 
mores must have earned 40 credits. 


Alma College offers work leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts (B.A.), 
Bachelor of Science (B.S.), and Bachelor of Music Education (B.M.E.). The 
degree of Bachelor of Science will be conferred upon students who have 
had at least sixty hours of their college work in science and mathematics, 
if they prefer this degree. The degree of Bachelor of Music Education will 
be granted to those who complete the requirements as listed under the 
Department of Music. 


A student who has 2.75 for his point average will be graduated summa 
cum laude; 2.50, magna cum laude; 2.25, cum laude. A graduate to be 
eligible for honors as solutatorian or valedictorian of his class must have 
been in residence only in Alma College. 

requirements for the degree 

All students will be expected to meet the following requirements in order 
to qualify for formal recommendation by the faculty to the Board of Trustees 
for the degrees of Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, or Bachelor of 
Music Education. 

residence requirement 

A student will not l>e recommended for a degree unless he has spent at 
least one year on the campus which must be, as a rule, the year immediately 
preceding graduation. 


dagreo requirements 

hour requiranMnt 

120 hours are required for graduation. 

point average requirement 

A cumulative point average of 1 .00 is required for graduation. 

group requirements for the degree 

English Language and Literature: English 11-12, Written and Spoken 
English, are required of all students. Those who achieve a high level of 
proficiency in English 1 1 may be exempt from English 12 at the discretion of 
the Written and Spoken English teaching staff. In addition to English 11-12, 
English 22 (Introduction to Literature), is required for graduation. Uppercloss- 
men may l3e required to take an additional composition course if their work in 
any course shows serious deficiency in writing skill. Students may be referred 
to this course upon the recommendation of one course instructor and failure 
to pass a proficiency test administered by the English Department. 

Foreign Language: It is required that a student present the equivalent of the 
elementary and intermediate levels of one foreign language for graduation. 
Ail students who have not completed the language requirement must regis- 
ter for a language course in tiieir first or second year. In the event that a 
student has presented two units of language for entrance, only six semester 
hours of that same language will be required for graduation. If the student 
is able to demonstrate that he has attained a standard equal to the second 
year course, it is not necessary for the student to enroll in a language while 
in residence. 

Mathematics and Science: A one-year course in a laboratory science must 
be presented for graduation. This may be Biology 11-12, Chemistry 11-12 
or 13-14, Physics 11-12 or 21-22, Geology 11-12, Natural Science 11-12, 
or Psychology 24 and 37. Two semesters from different courses do not satis- 
fy this requirement. 

In addition, achievement of a satisfactory score which is determined by 
the Mathematics Department on the Freshman Mathematics Entrance Exam- 
ination, or satisfactory completion of Mathematics 01-02, must be presented 
for graduation. 

Social and Political Science: Twelve semester hours taken in one or all of 
the following four fields ore required for graduation: Economics, IHistory, 
Political Science, Social Science and Sociology. Six hours of Philosophy may 
be used in partial fulfillment of the above requirement. 

Humanities: Nine semester hours in humanities are required, including English 
22. The other six hours must be taken from courses Art 1 3, Music 1 3, and/or 
Humanities 1 1 and 1 2. This requirement will begin with the class entering in 
September, 1956. 


degree requirements 

Religion: Eight semester hours ore required. (Non-Protestonts may substitute 
courses in Philosophy.) Religion 11 and 12 must be included in the require- 
ment of eight semester hours and they must be taken in either the first or 
second year. An adjustment in the requirement for graduation will be mode 
for students who transfer to Alma College at the sophomore level or beyond 
without credit in Religion. 

Physical Education: Two activity units in Physical Education ore required for 
graduation. For those students who present a medical excuse from physical 
education a substitution of activity units in other areas will be required for 
graduation. Physical Education is required in the freshman year and must be 
token during that time unless the student is excused by the Dean of Men or 
the Dean of Women. 

major and minor requirements 

Not later than the beginning of the junior year each student shall select the 
field of his major concentration. He must moke application to the head of 
the department in which he wishes to major. Twenty-four hours of work in 
one subject field must be presented for the major. A minor of fifteen hours in 
one subject field with another fifteen hours specified and planned with the 
assistance of and approval of the adviser will be required in addition to the 

Although a minimum number of twenty-four hours is stated as the require- 
ment it is not the understanding that a series of unrelated courses shall 
satisfy this requirement. The student and adviser are expected to plan a 
coherent unified program of studies. In advising a student an adviser may 
well have in mind courses which ore prerequisite for satisfactory work in 
graduate or professional schools. 

Detailed information concerning possible majors Is given in the announcement 
of each department as published in this catalogue. The following departments 
offer majors: Art, Biology, Business Administration, Chemistry, Economics, 
Education, English, French, History, Mathematics, Music, Philosophy, Physical 
Education (Men), Physics, Psychology, Religion, Sociology, Spanish, and 

chapel requirements 

Regular attendance at chapel and convocations is required. 

activity unit requirements 

Each student will earn six activity units for graduation. 

Students who transfer into Alma College will be required to present one and 
one-half activity units for graduation for each year spent on the campus. 
Therefore a student who transfers in as a sophomore will be required to pre- 
sent four and one half units; as a junior, three; as a senior, one and one-half. 


suggested programs of study 

the freshman year 

Below is listed the usual program for the freshman year of study. It Is made 
up of introductory courses which are required of all students for graduation. 
First and second semesters are given: 



English 11 


English 12 


Religion 11 


Religion 12 


Physical Education 11 


Physical Education 12 


Foreign Language 1 1 


Foreign Language 12 


Mathematics or Science 


Mathematics or Science 


History or Humanities 11 


History or Humanities 12 


combined curricula 

pre-engineering cooperative plan with the university of 

In the cooperative agreement between Alma College and the University of 
Michigan the student spends three years at Alma College and then a summer 
session and four semesters at the University. At the end of five years the 
student would normally have received a bachelor's degree from both a liberal 
arts college and an engineering school. This offers opportunity for a wider 
acquaintance with the humanities and the social sciences than is possible in a 
four-year engineering program. Students may also transfer to the University 
of Michigan after two years at Alma College. Those who transfer after either 
two or three years should enter the University of Michigan summer session 
after the last semester at Alma to meet the necessary sequence of studies. 
One summer session is required In all regular programs in Engineering at the 
University of Michigan. Those who wish to transfer should correspond with 
the Assistant Dean of the Engineering College. 

The following curriculum leads to degrees in Aeronautical, Civil, Electrical, 
Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, and degrees in Engineering, Mathe- 
matics, Engineering Physics, Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering: 

First Year 

Second Year 

Third Year 

English 1M2 


Foreign Lang. 


Foreign Lang. 


Engin. Draw. 1-2 


Physics 21-22 


English 22 


Chemistry 11-12 


Math. 21-22 


Economics 21-22 


Math. 15, 17, 18 


History 11-12 


Physics 33-33L 


Religion 11-12 


Math. 31-32 


Phys. Educ. 11-12 





combined curricMla 

The following curriculum leads to degrees in Chemical and Metallurgical 

Pint Y«or 

Third Yeor 

English 11-12 

Ch«mbtry 21-22 


English 22 


Engin. Draw. 1-2 

Physks 21-22 


Economio 21-22 


ChrnnMry 11-12 

Moth. 21-22 


Physics 3^^L 


Moth, lair 17, 18 

HisTory or 

Moth. 31-32 


lUliglon 11-12 

Foreign Long. 


Psychology 21 





Q>mpletion of a four year program of undergraduate woric is recommended 
OS a basis for admission to most of the first class law schools, although a few 
will accept students with a minimum of three years of college work. A major 
in either Economics or History is advisable and the last two years should be 
planned accordingly. A major in History with a minor in Economics is outlined 

First Yeor 

English 11-12 
Foreign Longuoge 
Noturol Science 
Religion 11-12 
History 11-12 
Physical Educotion 


Second Yeor 

Economia 21-22 
English 22 
Foreign Language 
Psychology 21 

Humanities 11-12 




Third Year 

History 21-22 
History 23-24 
Political Science 31-32 
Sociology 21-22 
Speech 27-28 


Fourth Year 

Business Administration 21-22 



Philosophy 33 

Speech 21-22 



cooperative rolotionship with morrill-palmor school 

The Merrill-Palmer School, Detroit Michigan, offers an opportunity for a limit- 
ed number of superior Alma students interested in worIc with young children 
and families to take one semester of their senior year, or the second semester 
of their junior year in residence there. Application should be made through 
the Dean of the College, or through the head of the department in which 
the student is majoring. 


pre-professional curricula 

medical technology 

In cooperation with the Michigan Department of Health Alma College offers 
the following program of courses needed to fulfill all requirements for gradua- 
tion, allowing the fourth year to be taken under the auspices of the Michigan 
Department of Health. It will be necessary to consult very carefully with 
the head of the department of Biology isefore enrolling in this program in 
the freshman year. A thorough background in Mathematics is required. 

First Year 

Second Year 

Biology 11-12 


Biology 31-32 


Chemistry 11-12 


Chemistry 21-22 


Englisl) 1M2 


Foreign Language 11-12 


Religion 11-12 


Physics 11-12 


History 11-12 


Physical Education 


Third Year 

Fourth Year 

Biology 41-26 


Michigan Department of Health 

Chemistry 31-32 



Foreign Ixinguage 21-22 






Sociology or HisTory 



Humanities 11-12 


Basal metabolism 

pre-professional curricula 


Candidates for the ministry who wish to enter a theological school should take 
a four year course leading to the bachelor's degree. A major and one minor 
in the following fields are advised: Education, English, History, Philosophy, 
Sociology, Speech and Religion. 

First Year 

Second Year 

English 11-12 


English 22 


Foreign Language 11-12 


Foreign Language 21-22 


Natural Science 




Religion 11-12 


Sociology 21-22 


History 11-12 


Speech 27-28 


Physical Educotlon 




The third and fourth years of this program should be planned carefully with 
the Department of Religion. 


pre-professional curricula 


It would be wise for a student who wishes to enter dental school to contact 
the one he wishes to enter and procure from It the requirements for admis- 
sion. Most schools of dentistry will require that a student present the following 
to be considered for admission: 

1 . Six hours of English composition. 

2. One and one-half years of Chemistry which should include inorganic 
and six hours of organic. 

3. One year of Biology. 

4. One year of Physics. 

5. A total of at least sixty hours of college work which should include 
the above subjects. 

Students may follow the pre-medical curriculum set up below. 


Entrance to most medical schools requires that the student have: English 11-12, 
Chemistry 11-12, 31-32 (Chemistry 21, prerequisite to Chemistry 32), Physics 
11-12, Biology 11-12, 31-32, French or German (2 years in one language), 
and a grade average of at least 1 .50. 

These are minimum requirements. Very few applicants are accepted who 
meet only the minimum requirements or have only three years of undergrad- 
uate work. Medical schools stress the need to secure a liberal arts education. 
Exceptional students who hope to enter medical school for their fourth year 
of work toward the baccalaureate degree must complete 90 hours of work 
acceptable to the medical school. The outline given below cannot be strictly 
adhered to because some courses listed ore offered only in alternate years. 

First Year 

Second Year 

Biology 11-12 
English 11-12 
Religion 11-12 
*Mathematia 15, 17, 
History 11-12 
Physical Education 



Biology 31-32 
Chemistry 11-12 
English 22 

Foreign Language 11-12 
Humanities 11-12 


Third Year 

Fourth Year 

Biology 41-26 

Chemistry 21 

Physics 11-12 

Foreign Language 21-22 





Chemistry 31-32 
Sociology 21-22 
Elect! ves 




The suggestions will apply also to those interested in pre-osteopathic training. 

^Mathematics is not required for entrance to medical or dental schools, but experience has 
shown that students should have a thorough knowledge of Mathematics for their work in 
Physics and Chemistry. 


teacher's certification 

pre-natural resources 

Alma College offers a program in natural resources in cooperation with the 
School of Natural Resources of the iJniversity of Michigan. The program 
leads to a Bachelor of Arts degree from Alma College, and the University 
of Michigan awards the applicable professional degree at the conclusion of 
the prescribed curriculum. Curricula which may be followed in the program 
include Conservation, Fisheries, Forestry, Wildlife Management, and Wood 
Technology. The Master's degree or other appropriate professional degree is 
awarded by the University of Michigan at the end of the fifth year on com- 
pliance with the requirements for the degree. 

First Year 

Second Year 

Third Year 

English 1M2 


Chemistry 11-12 


Physics 11-12 


Biology 1M2 


History 11-12 


Geology 11-12 


Foreign Lang. 11-12 


Foreign Lang. 21-22 


Economics 21-22 


Mathematics 16 


Mothematia 17 


Biology 21-22 


Religion 1M2 






Physical Education 


Elem. Eng. Draw. 1 
English 22 


curricula for prospective teachers 


The State of Michigan will grant to graduates of Alma College who have 
fulfilled requirements as stated in the Michigan Teachers' Certification Code a 
teacher's certificate to teach in the secondary and elementary schools. 

Application for admission to student teaching must be made during the junior 
year. Permission is granted after consideration of scholarship, character, and 
general fitness for teaching; students who do not have a cumulative point 
average of 1.50 must show unusual qualities of general ability. In any case, 
student teaching will not be allowed if the student does not have a 1.00 
average. Student teaching is done under actual teaching conditions in the 
Alma Public Schools. 

Teaching majors, minors, and methods, should he taken in subjects taught In 
the public schools: English, History, Science, Mathematics, Language, Art, 
Music, and the like. Methods courses should be taken in the junior year. 

michigan secondary provisional certificate 

Students who desire a Michigan State Provisional Certificate to teach in the 
secondary grades (7 through 12) must complete at least fifteen hours of 
Education and, in addition, 5 semester hours of student teaching. A teaching 
major of 24 semester hours and two teaching minors of 15 hours each are 
also required. 






curricula for teachers 

The required courses In Education must include Psychology 22 (Educational 
Psychology), Education 32 (Principles of Secondary Education), Education 41 
(History of Education) or equivalent (Education 31), and a methods course 
in major or minor areas. 

michigan elementary provisional certificate 

Students who desire a Michigan State Provisional Certificate to teach in the 
elementary grades (kindergarten and grades 1 through 8) and who desire 
to major in Education for graduation will need no other major to qualify for 
certification but must present for certification four minors of 1 5 semester hours 
each, two of which must be in subjects taught at the elementary level. 

suggested curriculum for elementary teachers 

First Year 


Second Year 

Mathematia 01-02, if necMsary 


^Psychology 21-22 

English 11 



Englbh 12 (or substitution) 


Foreign Language 21-22 

Foreign Language 11-12 


Laboratory Science 

Religion 1M2 



History 11-12 


Physical Education 


Third Year 


Fourth Year 

^Education 31 


^Education 45 or 46 

^Education 34 


Education 43 

^Education 33a-33b or 38a-38b 


Education 35n 

Education 35a 


Education 39 




Foreign Language 


Sodal Science 

Physical Education 39 



Social Science 




Suggested Minors: English, Social Science, Foreign Language, Science 

^Required of all planning to be certified at the elcmentair level. 







curricula for teachers 

curriculum for home economics teachers 

FirsT Ymar 

HoiiM Eccmomics 11-12 
English 11-12 
Rsligion 11-12 
Foreign Ixinguage 11-12 
Chemistry 13-14 
Physical Education 

Third Year 

Home Economics 21 
Home Economio 23 
Education 351 
Art 27 

Education 31-32 
Sociology 21-22 
Science or elecNve 


Second Year 


Home Economio 13-14 




Foreign Ixinguage 21-22 
Psychology 21-22 
Economics 21-22 


Home Economia 15-24 


Fourth Year 


Home Economio 41 


Home Economio 22 


Home Economio 37 


Education 45 or 46 


Englbh or Speech 
Education 43 








Courses In the curriculum are scheduled so that each student beginning a 
mojor will be able to complete all required subjects within four years. Students 
desiring to major in Home Economics may enroll in courses 11-12 and 13-14 
in their first year. These will be offered every year. The other and advanced 
courses will be offered in rotation every second year. 

curriculum for the bachelor of music education degree 

Candidates for the Bachelor of Music Education must hove the approval of 
the Department of Music and will follow the curriculum as outlined below: 

First Year 


Second Year 


English 1M2 


Foreign Language 11-12 


Laboratory Science 


Music 13 


Music 11-12 


Music 21-22 


Iteligion 1M2 


Music 35-36 


Applied Music Malor 


Applied Musk Ma|or 


Applied Music Minor 


Applied Music Minor 


Physical EducoHon 11-12 


Psychology 21-22 


Third Year 


Fourth Year 


Education 31 


English 22 


Education 32 


Education 45 or 46 


Education 35n-35p or 



Music 42 


Foreign Longuage 


Music 43-44 


Music 37 




Social Sdenot 


Applied Music 


Applied Music 







curricula for teachers 

For graduation a student must present a partial recital. A full recital nnay be 
given with the approval of the music faculty. B.M.E. candidates are required 
to have a recital hearing before the faculty members of the Department of 
Music at least one month prior to the date set for the public recital. 

All music majors ore required to participate in at least one of the musical 

curriculum for teachers of commercial subjects 

First Year Credits Second Year 


English 1M2 


Business Ad. 21-22 


Foreign Language 11-12 


Mathematics 11-12 


Laboratory Science 


Foreign Language 21-22 


Secretarial Studies 1M2 


Psychology 21-22 


Religion 11-12 


Secretarial Studies 13-14 


Physical Education 11-12 


Third Year 


Fourth Year 


Business Ad. 23 


Economics 37-38 


Business Ad. 25-26 


Education 35y 


Secretarial Studies 21 


Education 46 


Economics 21-22 


Secretarial Studies 33 


Education 31-32 




English 22 




permanent certification 

The Provisional Elementary and Secondary Certificates, issued for a five year 
period, are replaceable by Permanent Elementary and Secondary Certificates 
within one year following the expiration of the Provisional Certificate. The 
candidate for either one of the Permanent Certificates must have taught 
successfully for three years within the five-year period defined by the validity 
of the Provisional Certificate, and must present ten additional semester hours 
of credit in an approved institution subsequent to the date of issue of the 
original Provisional Certificate. 

Teachers who have received the Elementary or Secondary Provisional certifi- 
cate may obtain the other type of certificate on completion of additional 
work in courses selected after consultation with the director of teacher training 
at the institution concerned. 


courses of instruction 

Departments of the College are listed in alphabetical order. 

Courses offered are listed with descriptive title and semester hours of credit. Those numbered 
from 11-19 are intended primarily for freshmen; 21-29, for sophomores; 31-39 and 41-49 
for juniors and seniors. Odd-numbered courses are usually given in the first semester and 
even-numbered ones in the second semester although there are exceptions to this. Hyphenated 
courses are year courses and the first semester is usually a prerequisite to the second semester 
of the course. Credit indicated applies to the entire course: e.g., a course labeled 11-12 for 
eight semester hours of credit will be given for four hours each semester. 

The college offers all courses listed below, giving some in alternate years. It reserves the right 
to withdraw from the schedule those courses of interest to only a few students. 

general studies 

In keeping with current trends in liberal education, the Department of General Studies aims 
(1) to give the student a broad view of certain general areas of study and thought, and (2) 
to integrate the student's study and thinking by showing him the inter-relations between various 
academic disciplines. 

11-12. English— Written and Spoken English. Eight credits. 

This course is an integrated course in the four basic communication skills: writing, 
speaking, reading and listening. Its purpose will be to provide the degree of skill 
in communication necessary for effective participation in both college and non- 
college life. The work will include written themes to develop writing skill, speeches 
and class discussions for practice in speech, reading assignments to increase the 
student's skill in comprehension, and lectures to give him practice in intelligent 
listening. English 11 is prerequisite to English 12. Not applicable in on English 
moior or minor. 

11-12. Humanities— Introduction to the Humoiriiies. Six credits. 

This course will introduce the students to the philosophy, art, music, and literature 
of western civilization. Its purpose will be to acquaint him with fundamental aes- 
thetic concepts and principles and to show the relation between thought and 
artistic experience. It will also give the student experience in expressing himself 
by means of occasional written papers. 

11-12. Natural Science— Eight credits. 

A General Course in the Natural Sciences. 

The first semester's work will take the form of studying structure of matter. The 
second semester emphasis will be given to energy, including aspects of biology, 
physics, chemistry. No prerequisite. May be used to fulfill laboratory science re- 
quirement. Given in olternote years. 



11-12. History— An IntroducHon to Wostom Civilizotion. Six crodits. 

Various trends, movem«nts» theories, developments, and ideas which hove char- 
acterized Western Civilization since the Renaissance will be examined against the 
background of their historical settings. Does not count on a History major or minor. 



The woric in fine arts has (seen planned to meet the needs of students desiring on 
intelligent Icnowledge and understanding of art as a port of their cultural life; for 
those who wish to have some actual art experiences; and for students planning to 
study art OS a profession after the completion of their college woric. The purpose 
of the department is to develop on understanding and appreciation of art and 
to stimulate creative ability, to make art a vital port of college experiences; and 
on essentksl element in o liberal arts education. 

Art molors who expect to teach must take both Education 35a and 35b, and 
Art 33-34, and Art 13. 

11-12. History of Art. Six credits. 

A course planned for the student who desires to understand and interpret a world- 
wide cultural inheritance. The first semester surveys pointing, sculpture, and archi- 
tecture from the cave man to the Itonoissanoe. The second semester continues from 
the Renaissance to the present time. Lectures are accompanied by slides and prints. 
Given In alternate years. 

13. Art Appreciation. Tliree credits. 

Thte course serves as on introduction to the fine and functional arts of the post and 
of contemporary life. It begins with the understanding of an oppreciotive attitude 
and continues with the study and application of design principles to selected and 
outstanding art forms through which the student will become more avrare of the 
beauty of his cultural life. Offered each semester. 

23-24. Creative Design. Six credits. 

The study of principles governing arrangement of tine, mass and color as applied 
to good structural and decorative design is given in the first semester. The second 
semester seeks to further the student judgment of good design by making and 
solving of practical art problems. Given in alternate years. 

27-28 Interior Decoration. Six credits. 

A study of the basic principles of good design in the furnbhings of a home, color 
hormonies and period furniture. Open to all students. Course 27 is a prerequisite 
to 28. Given In alternate yeors. 

29-30. Commercial Art. Six credits. 

An Introduction to terminology, techniques, medio, and lettering as applied to 
simple problems selected to parallel current advertising trends. Prerequisite: Art 
15-16. Given in alternate years. Laboratory fee* $2.00 per semester. 

33-34. Crafts. Six credits. 

Work is offered in several crafts with emphasis on design. Jewelry* the designing 
and making of jewelry in silver and copper; sawing, piercing, filing, soldering, and 
stone setting. Ceromicst creating, glazing, and firing of simple clay forms. Leather 
work. Required of all art moiors and minors who wish to teach in the secondary 
schools. Laboratory feet $2.00 per semester. 

39-40. Advanced Commercial Art. Six credits. 

This is a course for students desiring to specialize in one particular field of com- 
mercial art such as fashion art, illustrative, drawing, or advanced lettering. This 
course may be elected only with the permission of the instructor. 

43-44. Advanced Problems in Crafts. Six credits. 

This course deals with the advanced problems in jewelry and ceramics. Jewelry: 
enameling on copper and silver, use of joints on hinged boxes, bracelets, lockets, and 
the making of decorative chains. Ceramics: sculpture, slip decoration, and large 
forms. This course may be elected only with the permission of the instructor. Labora- 
tory fee: $2.00 per semester. 

Studio courses 

individual creative expression is encouraged throughout the studio courses. Students advance 
according to individual ability. Open to all students, thus no previous training is necessary. The 
department reserves the right to keep students' work for one year. 

15-16. Fundamentals of Drawing. Six credits. 

Basic theories of perspective, light and shadow, figure proportion, and composition. 
Media generally used: charcoal, pastels, and tempera. Included are the study of 
illustrative color reproductions and field trips to noteworthy exhibitions. 

25-26. Advanced Drawing Six credits. 

A continuation of 15-16. Study of composition and color with emphasis on creative 
expression applied to landscape, figure drawing, portrait and still life. 

35-36. Painting. Six credits. 

Pointing in oils, water color, gouache and casein. Advanced problems in composition. 
A course designed for the student who wishes to specialize in a particular medium 
and subject. 

45-46. Advanced Painting. Six credits. 

A course designed for the student who wishes to specialize in a particular medium 
ond subject. 






This course is designed to give a general knowledge of the facts and principles of astronomy in 
order to broaden the student's cultural background and give him an appreciation of the 
low and order which govern our natural universe. 

1-2. Descriptive Astronomy. Six 

The aim of the course is to enable the student to become familiar with the names 
and position of the constellations and principal stars, to learn something of the 
relation of the earth to the other heavenly bodies, the mechania of the solar sys- 
tem, and the present theories os to the origin and construction of the stellar universe. 



The aims of the Department of Biology are: 

1. Cultural training in a laboratory science in the liberal arts curriculum. 

2. Pre-professional training for students who plan to enter a school of medicine, dentistry, 
natural resources, nursing, medical technology, public health, osteopathy, or to enter 
the teaching profession. 

3. Professional training of biologists who plan to enter a graduate school as candidates for 
an advanced degree. 

The following courses ore required of all biology majors: Biology 11-12, 31, 32 and 37. 
Students planning to enter graduate school or teaching must take Chemistry 11-12. It is 
advisable to include an additional eight hours of credit in any of the following supporting 
sciences; chemistry, geology, mathematics or physics. Biology majors should plan their 
schedules with the advice of members of the department, as advanced courses are usually 
offered only in alternate years. 

11-12. General Biology. Eight credits. 

An introduction to modern and classical biology, with emphasis upon the structures 
and the principles which apply to the development of plants and animals. A brief 
survey of the plant and animal kingdoms is made. The basic facts observed in 
the laboratory through a study of plant and animal specimens are discussed in 
class and the principles developed. Three lecture and recitation periods and four 
hours in the laboratory each week. Biology 1 1 is a prerequisite to all other courses 
offered by the Department of Biology unless stated otherwise. Laboratory fee: $5.00 
per semester. 




21. Advanced Botany. Four credits. 

Studies of the anatomy^ morphology, and physiology of plants beyond that contain- 
ed in Biology 11. Two lecture periods and four hours in the laboratory each week. 
Laboratory feei $5.00. 

22. Systematic Botany. Four credits. 

The aim of this course is to give the student proficiency in the recognition and 
naming of plants and in the use of identification keys. Emphasis is placed upon the 
native flora of central Michigan. Numerous field trips are taken in the spring. Two 
three-hour class periods each week. 

23. Vertebrate Zoology. Three credits. 

An introduction to the classification, distribution, morphology, behavior and life 
histories of vertebrates (other than birds). Laboratory identification supplements 
studies mode in the field of local fauna. Two three-hour class periods each week. 
Given in alternate years. 

24. Ornithology. Three credits. 

An introduction to the study of bird life. The classification, morphology, behavior 
and life histories of birds ore treated. Identification of bird skins in the laboratory 
supplements the recognition of birds observed on field trips during the spring. Two 
three-hour class periods each v^ek. Offered in alternate years. 

25. Invertebrate Zoology. Four credits. 

The taxonomy, morphology, behavior and ecology of invertebrate representatives 
of the animal kingdom. Preserved and living animals will be studied in the labora- 
tory and field observations of the local fauna will be mode. Two lectures and four 
hours In the laboratory each week. Offered in alternate years. 

26^ AAicrotechnique. Two credits. 

Methods of preparing plant and animal material for microscopic examination. Two 
two-hour class periods. Offered in alternate years. Laboratory feet $5.00. 

31. Embryology. Four credits. 

The development of the vertebrates from zygote formation until the principal body 
structures ore established. Special emphasis is placed upon the chick and pig. Two 
lectures and four hours in the laboratory each week. Given in alternate years. 

32. Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates. Four credits. 

The lectures are concerned with the comparative anatomy of the vertebrates. The 
laboratory work consists of dissection of representative animals including the cat. 
Recommended for pre-medical students and required of biology majors. Two lecture 
periods and four hours In the laboratory each week. Given In alternate years. 



37. Genetics. Three credits. 

The principles of inheritance as demonstrated in plants and animals. Wherever 
possible, appliootions ore made to human heredity. Recommended for pre-pro- 
fessionol students and to biology majors. Two class periods each week. Given in 
alternate years. 

41. General Bacteriology. Four 

A study of the biology of the non-pathogenic and pathogenic bacteria and other 
micro-organisms. Laboratory work affords practice in bacteriological tests and 
procedures. Organic chemistry is desirable. Two class periods and two two-hour 
laboratory periods each week. Given in alternate years. Laboratory fee: $5.00. 

42. Animal Physiology. Four credits. 

A study of the basic functions of animal physiology. Principles encountered in 
lecture will be observed in the laboratory by the utilization of living animals and 
appropriate apparatus. Students will be encouraged to pursue independent studies 
in the laboratory. Prerequisite: Chemistry 11-12; recommended prerequisites: 
Chemistry 31 and Mathematics 10 or 15. Two class periods and two laboratory 
periods each week. Laboratory feet $5.00. Given In alternate years. 

43. General Ecology. Four credits. 

An introduction to the structure and behavior of communities; development, suc- 
cession and classification of plant and animal societies. Two lecture periods and 
four hours in the laboratory and field each week. Given in alternate years. 

44. Biological Problems. One or two credits. 

The study of a special problem in experimental biology. This course Is intended 
for the exceptional biology maior who plans to enter graduate study In biology 
or to teach biology. Approval to enroll In this course must be obtained from 
the head of the Department of Biology. 

46. Biology Seminar. One credit. 

A course designed to acquaint students with techniques in the library research, 
writing and presentation of a scientific paper. The various forms of scientific liter- 
ture of the f^eld of biology and sources of information ore discussed. This course 
is intended for biology majors who plan to enter graduate study In biology or to 
teach biology. 


budnen odminlslrcrtion 

business administration and 
secretarial studies 

(established through the generosity of Dr. Adam E. Armstrong) 


The aims and obiedlves of the courses In business administration and secretarial ttuditt oret 
(1) to hove OS Its Ixisis, the student's needs as on Individual, as a citizen, and as a future 
business leader, (2) to provide for the integration of a brood general education, a high level 
of professional education, and such additional cultural contacts m may result In a truly llberol 
education, (3) to provide for a broad scholarly mastery of the field of business interest, and 
a supporting knowledge of related business fields, to enable the individual to moke an 
opplioation of It to a variety of related occupational situations, (4) to develop on understand- 
ing and acceptance in the individual of those standards and principles of ethical action which 
would bring about a realization of the highest ideals and practices, and a personal pride 
in ttie vocation of his choice, (5) to develop a sympathetic understanding of the physicat* 
mental, emotional, and social characteristics of the society In which the individual will find 
himself, (6) to develop In the Individual a spirit of professional growth which may result in hit 
not only retaining the high level of achievement attained In college, but through continuing 
inquiry, experimentation, and critical analysis of himself, materials, and methods, assure his 
continuing self-improvement. 

business odministration 

Business Administration 21-22, 23, 26-26, Economics 21-22, and Secretarial Studies 11 ore re- 
quired for the major In business administration. Additional hours may be taken from business 
administration, economics and secretarial studies. Speech 27 is strongly recommended. 

21-22. Introductory Accounting. Eight credits. 

An introduction to accounting theory and bookkeeping methods; the theory of 
debits and credits; the use of iournols, ledgers, work sheets, classified financial state- 
ments; adjusting and closing records; the types and development of accounting 
records that moke for accounting control. 

23. Introduction to Business. Three credits. 

A survey course dealing with the fundamentals of business organization and man- 
agement. The presentation stresses brood business relationships without seeking final 
solutions to specific problems. Matters studied include elementary problems of fi- 
nance, personnel, production, and marketing. 

24. Business Monagement and Organization. Three credits. 

This course deals with the fundamentals of management and the application of 
principles to organize for business operations. Emphasis is placed on manage- 
ment's ability to analyze, plan, coordinate, and control the varied activities of 
production, personnel, finance, engineering, purchasing, and marketing. 


business administration 

25-26. Business Law Six credits. 

This course is designed to acquaint students with the nature of legal institutions; 
with formation, assignments, and termination of contracts, analysis of negotiable 
instruments; a study of personal and real property; agency; insurance; bailment; 
mortgages; leases; bankruptcy and trusts. 

27. Economic Geography. Three credits. 

This course is a survey of the agricultural and industrial resources of the world 
and their relations to the industry, commerce, and wealth of the nations of the 

31-32. Intermediate Accounting. Six credits. 

This course Is an introduction to the general theory of accounting for manufadur* 
ing operations. A study Is made of the corporate balance sheet and its supporting 
statements and schedules. The content of the balance sheet Is developed and test- 
ed by applying valuation principles to accounts with assets, reserves, liabilities, 
and corporate worth. The form of statements, their relationships, and their pres- 
entation ore given attention. The completed statements are subjected to ratio an- 
alyses and interpretation. Prerequisite: Business Administration 21-22. 

33. Advertising. Three credits. 

This course Is a survey of advertising techniques and organization including a 
study of the function of advertising, the product, trademarks, packaging, copy, lay- 
out, production, media, research, evaluation of sources of advertising data and 
information, and on analysis of the economic and social aspects of advertising. 
Given in alternate years. 

34. Marlceting. Three 

This course is a study of merchandise distribution. It deals with the methods, policies, 
and institutions Involved in the distribution of goods from the producer to the 
consumer; the marketing activities of manufacturers, wholesalers, and retailers; 
methods for improving efficiency and lowering distribution costs for the individual 
manufacturer, wholesaler, and retailer. Given in alternate years. 

35. Salesmanship. Two credits. 

This course deals with the techniques of selling, including analyzing the product, 
evaluating customer's needs, buying motives, organization and presentation of sales 
talks, handling objections, closing the sale or development of the salesman's 
personality. Given in oHemate years. 

41. Cost Accounting. Three credits. 

This is on elementary course in the principles of cost accounting. It considers tffie 
various reasons for ascertaining costs; the methods of estimating costs, and making 
forecasts of future costs; the method of accounting for materiob, kibor and factory 
overhead consumed in manufacturing; the assembling and presentation of cost 
data. A number of cost systems applicable to specific lines of business ore consid- 
ered. These cost systems are illustrated In the classroom by the solution of selected 
problems. Prerequisitei Business Administration 21-22. Given on demand. 


business administration 

42. Tax Accounting. Three credits. 

This course Includes a study of the Federal income tax lows, regulations, and other 
interpretations and application; the application of tax knowledge to the solution of 
graded problems and laboratory practice; the preparation of income tax returns. 
Prerequisite: Business Administration 31-32. Given on demand. 

43. Principles of Auditing. Three credits. 

This course includes instruction in the customs and ethics of the accounting pro- 
fession; the working methods of the auditor; the form and content of the auditor's 
reports. A detailed study Is made of the procedure employed in the audit of the 
balance sheet and profit and loss statements; auditor's reports; Investigations; audi- 
tor's certificates. Opportunity is given the student to solve related problems and to 
apply the subfect matter to specific cases. Prerequisitei Business Administration 
31-32. Given on demand. 

secretarial studies 

Secretarial Studies 1 U 12, 13, 14, 21, and 33 are required for the minor in secretarial studies. 
The student contemplating the teaching of commercial subjects In the secondary schools of 
Michigan is advised to take a business administration maior and a secretarial studies minor, 
with additional work in the field of economia to moke his educational background one which 
would indicate a prospective employer an individual capable of speaking with authority on 
any subject related to business education. Those Individuals not planning to go Into teaching 
may take such additional hours in secretarial studies as they feel ore necessary to achieve 
the degree of skill desired. 

11. Elementary Typewriting. Two credits. 

Mastery of the keyboard and ability to operate the typewriter at a minimum of 35 
v^rds per minute. Brief introduction to letter writing, tabulation, copy from rough 
draft, and composition at the machine. This class meets four hours per week. Typing 
feet $5.00. 

12. * Intermediate Typewriting. Two credits. 

Brief keyboard review. Development of the ability to make efficient use of the 
typewriter, and to produce acceptable copy accurately over reasonable periods of 
time. Instruction In the preparation of various business tetters and business forms. 
Minimum of fifty words per minute is required to complete the course. This doss 
meets four hours per week. Prerequisite! Secretariat Studies 11, or a qualifying 
examination. Typing feet $5.00. 

13. Elementary Shorthand. Three credits. 

(Gregg) An intensive presentation of the basic theory of shorthand. Since type- 
writing is a prerequisite to advanced courses in stenography. Its study should be 
started simultaneously with or before the study of shorthand. This class meets 
four hours per week. 


secretarial studies 

14. Intermediate Shorthand. Two credits. 

A general review of the principles; dictation practice with the aim of developing 
a speed of 70-80 words a minute. This class meets four hours per week. Prerequi- 
site: Secretarial Studies 13, or a qualifying examination, and Secretarial Studies 11. 

21. Secretarial Stenography Two credits 

Dictation practice on business correspondence with the aim of developing the stu- 
dent's ability to take dictation at 90-100 words p^r minute. Supervised transcription 
on the typewriter. This class meets four hours per week. Prerequlsltet Secretarial 
Studies 12 and 14, or qualifying examinations. 

22. Advanced Secretarial Stenography. Two credits. 

Dictation practice on business correspondence with the aim of developing the 
student's ability to take dictation at 110-120 words per minute. Supervised trans- 
cription on the typewriter. This doss meets four hours per week. Prerequisite: Secre- 
tarial Studies 21 or a qualifying examination. 

24. Advanced Typewriting. Two credits. 

A course intended to prepare students to meet the high standards of business 
where speed, perfection, a thorough knowledge of business forms, and the 
exercise of |udgment are required. A minimum of 60 words per minute Is required 
for completion of the course. This class meets four hours per week. Prerequisite: 
Secretarial Studies 12 or equivalent. Typing fee: $5.00. 

33. Office Practice Three credits 

This course is designed to acquaint the student with ofFlce skills, calculating, dupli- 
cation, and transcribing machines; filing procedures; and such additional informa- 
tion and practice as will result in the development of a competent secretary. 
Whenever satisfactory arrangements can be made the student will be placed in 
ofFice situations where he will receive actual ofFlce experience. This class meets four 
times per week. Prerequisite: Secretarial Studies 11. 

34. Business Communications. Two credits. 

Instruction and practice in developing style qualities and form in preparing business 
reports, articles, summaries, credit granting, collections of accounts, adjustments, 
soles campaigns, and followups. The course emphasizes the correctness, clarity, and 
conciseness of expression, and the logical organization of the presentation. Thie 
class meets three hours per week. 





The ObjedlvM of the Department of Chemistry are three-foldt (1) Professional training of 
chemists for Industrial chemical work or for further study of chemistry In graduate school. (2) 
Pre-professlonal training for students of the medical, dental, engineering, and teaching 
professions. (3) Cultural training In a laboratory science for students In other fields. 

Students majoring In chemistry with the intention of making chemistry their profession ore 
advised to complete the minimum requirements for the bachelor's degree as set up by the 
committee on the Professional Training of Chemists of the American Chemical Society. The 
following courses meet these requirements and must be completed If the student wishes the 
recommendation of the Department of Chemistry as a professional chemistry ma|ort Chemistry 
11, }Z 2L 22, 31, 32, 44, 45, 46, and at least two elected from 33, 34, and 35; Physics 
21-22; Mathematics 15, 17, 18 and 21-22; and two years of foreign language, preferably 
German. It is permissable, but not recommended, that French be substituted for German. A 
reading knowledge of both languages is very desirable. Chemistry majors should plan their 
schedules with the advice of the Instructors In the department, as advanced courses ore offered 
only In years when there Is on expressed demand for them. 

Students taking chemistry for pre-professlonal training should consult with the department 
concerning the requirements of the particular professional school for which the student Is 
preparing. At present these requirements vary widely and ore subject to change. 

11-12. General Chemistry (Inorganic) Eiglit credits. 

A systematic study of the fundamental principles of the science, with on Introduc- 
tion to the descriptive chemistry of the common elements. Chemistry 1 1 Is prerequi- 
site to Chemistry 12. Prerequlsltei high school algebra and geometry. Ability to 
apply the principles of arithmetic dealing with ratio and proportion, fractions, 
simple equations, etc.. Is Indispensable if success in the course Is to be attained. 
Three hours of lecture and recitation and one period of laboratory per week. 
Laboratory feei $1.00 per semester. 

13. introduction to Chemistry. Four credHs. 

Parallels Chemistry 11, but Includes a minimum of problems. It Is not acceptable 
OS preparation for any further course In chemistry except Chemistry 14. If followed 
by Chemistry 11, credit for 11 only witi be allowed. Offered In semesters preced- 
ing Chemistry 14. Two lecture and recitation periods and one laboratory period 
per week. 

*On leove of absence, 1957-1958 



14. Chemistry of Foods and Textiles. Four credits. 

A presentation of the essentials of organic chemistry with applications to examples 
of the classes of materials in the food and textile fields. A required course for a 
mofor in Home Economics that will be offered on demand from the deportment. 
Other students will be admitted if space is available. Prerequisite, Chemistry 1 1 
or 13. Three lecture and recitation periods and one laboratory period per week. 

21. Analytical Chemistry. Qualitative Analysis. Four credits. 

Class work is a continuation of the descriptive chemistry of 11-12 with special 
emphasis on the facts forming the basis of a systematic scheme of qualitative analy- 
sis. In the laboratory the semlmlcro technique is employed in the detection Qnd 
identification of ions in solution. Prerequisite: Chemistry 11-12 with a minimum 
grade of C. Two hours of lecture and recitation and two periods of laboratory per 
week. Loboratory feei $1.00. 

22. Analytical Chemistry. Quantitative Analysis. Four or five credits. 

The essentials of quantitative inorganic analysis by gravimetric and volumetric 
methods. Prerequisite: Chemistry 21. Two hours of lecture and recitation and three 
periods of laboratory per week. Loboratory fee: $1.00. 

31. Organic Chemistry. Four credits. 

Monofunctionol aliphatic and aromatic compounds and relatively simple examples 
of industrially and biologically Important substances ore surveyed. Laboratory work 
consists of preparations and reactions of organic compounds selected to Illustrate 
the reactions studied In class and provide experience with the various techniques 
and apparatus useful In dealing with organic compounds. This course suffices for 
pre-professlonol training in organic chemistry if no more than four hours of credit 
are demanded. Prerequisite: Chemistry 11-12 with a minimum grade of C. Three 
hours of lecture and recitation and one period of laboratory per week. Loboratory 
fees $5.00. 

32. Organic Chemistry. Four credits. 

A continuation of Chemistry 31. More complicated substances, reaction mechanisms, 
and theoretical aspects of organic chemistry ore studied. Prerequisites: Chemistry 
11-12, 21, 31, with minimum grade of C. Two hours of lecture and recitation and 
two periods of laboratory per week. Laboratory fee: $5.00. 

33. Advanced Organic Chemistry. Four credits. 

Selected topics in organic chemistry are studied in which the methods of research 
and advancement In the science ore illustrated. The choice of subjects will be based 
on the ultimate interests of the class and the material derived from readings in 
advanced texts and treatises and original literature. Laboratory work consists of 
preparations of moderate difficulty. Special problems of original nature may be 
assigned to able students In the second half of the semester. Prerequisite: Chemis- 
try 32, with a minimum grade of C. Three hours of lectures and conferences, one 
period of laboratory per week. Laboratory fee: $5.00. 


34. Advanced Quantitative Analysis. Four credits. 

A laboratory course providing experience with various special methods of analysis. 
Gas analysis, combustion, analysis, colorimetric and electrometric determinations, 
analyses of biological materials and of minerals, and quantitative determination of 
various organic groups according to the ultimate goal of the student will form the 
material of the course. Three periods of laboratory per week, with assigned read- 
ings and conferences ore required. Prerequisite: Chemistry 22 with minimum grade 
of C. 

35. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry. Four credits. 

A study of the elements based on theories of atomic structure and valence, and 
the periodic system. Prerequisites: Chemistry 12, 21, 22 with minimum grades of C. 

44. Qualitative Organic Analysis. Three credits. 

The identification of pure organic compounds and simple mixtures, providing a 
review of elementary organic chemistry as well as some more detailed study of 
certain reoctlons, processes and techniques. Although the methods of identification 
ore systematic, the student must frequently use his own judgment, based on his 
knowledge of organic chemistry. Prerequisites: Chemistry 11-12, 21-22, 31-32. One 
hour of lecture and recitations and six hours of laboratory per week. Laboratory 
feet $5.00. 

45-46. Physical Chemistry. Eight credits, 

A detailed study of the theoretical background of the various branches of chemis- 
try. This course deals with gases, liquids, solids, the mass low, the phase rule, 
thermodynamics, atomic structure, molecular structure, thermochemistry, solutions, 
kinetics, colloids, electrochemistry, etc. Prerequisites: Chemistry 11-12, 21-22, 31-32, 
Mathematio 21-22, Physics 21-22. Three hours of lecture and recitation and four 
hours of laboratory per week. Loborotory fee: $5.00 per semester. 

48. Introduction to Research in Chemistry. One to three credits. 

The course will take the form of laboratory Investigation and literary research per- 
taining to on original problem, the subject being In line with the student's choice of 
specialization and previous work done in the department, with the expectation that 
significant results will ultimately be published. Open to seniors. A student desiring 
to enroll in this course must first consult with and obtain permission from the 
chemistry department. 





Ihm courses in economlo ar« dMigned (o) to provide the student with o better understanding 
of the way In which economic factors affect men and nations* ond (b) to help prepare the 
student to be a more efficient producer and consumer of economic Qoods and tervfoM. The 
student who has completed a ma{or in economics is qualified to compete suooessfutly for 
employment In a wide variety of public and private occupations. He also has the basic require- 
ments for continued study of economics at the groduate level. 

21-22. Principles of Economics. Six credits. 

A description of our economy In terms of production, exchange and distribution of 
goods and services and the significance of these economic f acton to the individual. 

31. Ixibor Economics. Three credits. 

The problems and policies of organized lobor os they affect the general economy. 
Major attention is given to trade unionism, collective bargaining and labor 

32. Business Cycles. Three credits. 

A study of the nature, causes and proposed controls for those recurrent fluctuations 
in our economy which result in alternating periods of prosperity and depression. 

33. History of Economic Thought. Three credits. 

The evolution of economic theory with the ob|ective of helping the student to under- 
stand better the basic nature of economic relationships. 

34. American Economic Development. Three credits. 

The growth of the American economy with ma|or emphasis on the economic factors 

35. Economic Research. Three credits. 

The application of statistical methods to the solution of economic problems with 
special attention given to the techniques of sampling and of conducting surveys. 

36. Economics of Transportation. Three credits. 

A description of the transportation systems of the United States, the problems of 
rate-making, competitive problems and governmental regulation and policy. 

37. Money and Banlcing. Three credits. 

An examination of the nature and functions of money together with an examina- 
tion of monetary theories and the operation of our central and private bonking 


38. Business and Corporation Rnance. Three credits. 

The problems, policies and techniques of financing bofh small and large business. 
Attention is given to the issuance and handling of corporate securities and to 
investment principles. 

41. Public Rnance and Taxation. Three credits. 

A description of the procedures and policies involved in the revenue-roising and 
expenditure programs of local, state and federal governments. Taxation receives 
major but not exclusive attention. 

42. Comporotive Economic Systems. Three credits. 

A study of existing economic systems— capitalism, socialism, communism, fascism in 
their socio-political settings and their production-distribution-consumption patterns. 

43. International Economics. Three credits. 

A study of world trade relations, the subject of international trade barriers and 
the Institutions of monetary exchange and stabilization. 

48. Economic Problems. One or two credits. 

A seminar course which involves a high degree of student direction and requires 
active participation In specially oriented discussions and/or the presentation of a 
research paper. Prerequisites Senior standing or special permission for juniors with 
not less than fifteen hours of economics credit. 





The Department of Education has as its primary objective the development of v^rthwhlle 
attitudes, knowledge and sicills of teaching which will assure prospective teachers of success in 
their chosen fields. The courses are so designed to develop basic understandings of the 
principles and processes considered to be of most value in today's educational program. 

Courses are also designed to give the students planning to go Into allied fields, such as social 
work or the ministry, the basic understandings of child development which will assist them 
in meeting the educational problems they will face in their chosen professions. 

Elementary Provisional Certification: The minimum sequence of courses for those planning on 

earning a Michigan elementary provisional certificate is as follows: Psychology 21, 22; Edu- 
cation 31, 34, 33a-33b or 38a-38b, and 45 or 46 (Student Teaching). It is suggested that 
all those preparing to teach in the elementary grades take Education 35a and 35n. 

Secondary Provisional Certification: The minimum sequence of courses for those planning 

on earning a Michigan secondary provisional certificate is as follows: Psychology 21, 22; Edu- 
cation 31, 32, 45 or 46 (Student Teaching), a methods course In the major or minor field, and 
electives to make a total of twenty hours. 

Suggested curricula for students wishing to earn certification in elementary, home economics, 
music and commercial are given on pages 57-60. 

21. General Psychology. Three credits. 

(See Psychology 21) 

22. Educational Psychology. Three credits. 

(See Psychology 22). The learning process. Individual difFerences, elementary sta- 
tistics, and the use of group measurements of intelligence, personality and 
achievement will be covered in this course. Offered the second semester of each 
academic year. Prerequisite: Psychology 21. 

31 Introduction to Education. Three credits. 

A survey course in the field of education, presenting on over-all view of education 
in America— its history, its philosophy. Its function, and its techniques. Emphasis is 
placed upon the functioning of the educational program within the state of Michi- 
gan. Prerequisite: Psychology 21 and 22, or permission from the head of the 

32. Principles of Secondary Education. Three credits. 

Critical examination of the foundations of secondary school procedures, purposes, 
and techniques of teaching. 

34. Principles of Elementary Education. Three credits. 

The principles and procedures of teaching in the elementary grades. 

36. Educational Sociology. Three credits. 

A survey of the principles of sociology, with application of these principles to 
the theory and practice of the classroom, emphasizing the larger educational view- 
point which sociology offers to the educator. 


37. Educational Tests and AAeasurements. Three credits. 

An introduction to various types of educational tests, including aptitude, intelli- 
gence, achievement and interest tests; construction of achievement tests in the 
subject matter field of the student's choice; and a study of the use of test results 
in elementary and secondary schools. Prerequisite: teaching experience or Psychol- 
ogy 22. 

39. Children's LIteroture. Three credits. 

A survey of literature for children from pre-school through eighth grade, including 
o study of objective standards for evaluation. A v^ide reading of children's books, 
traditional and modern, and the development of appreciation of prose and poetry 
suitable for children of different ages. This course provides laboratory experience 
through a weekly children's story hour. 

41. History of Education. Three credits. 

A general survey of educational theory and practice In the leading nations and 
more definite periods of history. 

43. Child Development. Three credits. 

A survey of the nature, the care, and development of the child. Special attention 
will be centered upon the pre-school years, the pre-natal period, the beginning 
years of school, and the period of adolescence. The course deals with the Inter- 
relotedness of mental, physical, social and emotional growths. Prerequisites: 
Psychology 21 and 22. 

45 or 46. Student Teaching. Fhfe credits per semester. 

open to seniors only. Written application must be filed with the approval com- 
mittee during the junior year. All work is done under regular critic teachers. State 
requirements must be met. 

47. School Administration. Three credits. 

Designed primarily as on introductory course for those who plan to go into elemen- 
tary or secondary school administrative work. A study of school administrative prin- 
ciples and functions, particularly as they relate to Michigan public schools. 

methods couraet 

(Taught by instructors in departments as listed.) 

Methods courses should be taken in the junior year, if possible, and must be taken previous 
to or at the same time as student teaching. Five departments (Art, English, History, Mathe- 
matics, and Music) will offer courses in secondary teaching methods each year if there is 
sufficient demand. Whenever three or more persons apply, a methods course may be arranged 
in any of the secondary subject fields listed below. 

33a-33b. Early Elementary Methods. Six credits. 

This is a year's course designed to acquaint prospective teachers of kindergarten 
and the first three grades with the best methods of instruction being used at this 
level today. 



35a. AAethods of Teaching Elementory School Art. Two credits. 

Op«fl to all candidolM for alamefitory osrtifkation. 

35b. Mothods of Teaching Secondary School Art. Two credits. 

Open only to those who hove a mojor In ort. 

35c AAethods of Teaching Biology. Two credits. 

Primarily for those who plon to teach the biological sciences at the secondary 
school levels 

35d. A4ethods of Teaching Chemistry. One credtf. 

Designed for those students who plan to teach chemistry in the secondary schools. 

35e. AAethods of Teaching Economics. One credit. 

Particularly suited for those who pbn to teach economics in the secondary schools. 

35f. AAethods of Teaching English. Two credits. 

This course is designed to meet the needs of students who expect to teach English 
at either the high school or later elementary school level. The historical development 
of instruction in English and a survey of the materials available for class use are 

35h. AAethods of Teaching History Two 

Designed for those who plan to teach history at the high school or later elemen- 
tary level. The student is offered an opportunity to formulate his own ideas as to 
the ob[ectives sought and the best means of achieving those ob|ectives. 

35j. AAethods of Teaching Home Economics. Two credits. 

Designed for home economics majors or minors who plan to teach in the public 
schools. Elementary and secondary courses of study are considered. 

35lc. AAethods of Teaching AAothematics. Two credits. 

A course designed for those v^ho plan to teach mathematics at the high school 
level. Material covers the teaching of algebra, plane geometry, advanced algebra, 
solid geometry, and trigonometry. In addition, there is presented the need for 
development of teaching aids of a concrete nature and Ihe use of audio-visual olds 
in the teaching of mathematics. 


35m. Methods of Teaching AAodem Languages. Two credHi. 

A survay of methods, an examination of textbooks for secondary use, and a discus- 
sion of problems in the teaching of modern languoges. 

35n. Methods of Teaching El<»mentary School Music Two credits. 

A study of the principles, objectives, methods, and materials adapted to the teach- 
ing of music in the elementary and intermediate grodes. 

35p. Methods of Teaching Secondary School Music. Two credits. 

A study of the principles, objectives, methods and materials adapted to the teaching 
of music in the junior and senior high school. 

35q. Instrumental Methods. Two credits. 

Techniques and methods of teaching orchestral and band instruments, organiza- 
tion and administration of large and small instrumental ensembles. Required of all 
instrument majors and minors. 

35r. The Teaching of Boys' Physical Education. Three credits. 

A two-hour laboratory course which Involves the teaching of physical education 
classes. Two one-hour lecture periods will be given in connection with the laboratory, 
which will deal with curriculum and methods of physical education. 

35s. Methods of Teaching Girls' Physical Education. Two 

Practical experience In the teaching of physical education cbsses. 

35t. AAethods of Teaching Speech. One credit. 

Subjects treatedt values and objectives of speech education; analysis and con- 
struction of courses of studyj evaluation of textbooks and other teaching materials; 
teaching methods, objectives and methods in speech contests. 

35y. Methods of Teaching Commercial Subjects. Three credits. 

This is a course In the methods of teaching shorthand, typevtfriting, accounting, 
office machines, business training, office practice, and retailing. 

38a-38b. ixrter Elementary Methods. Six credits. 

This is a year's course designed to acquaint prospective teachers of grades four 
through eight with the best methods of instruction being used at this level today. 



english language and literature 


Th« courses in English have the following objedlvest 

1. To train the student in the use of correct, dear, and effective written and spotcen English. 

2. To acquaint the student with the best writings in English and American literature. 

3. To teach the student to read good literature intelligently and appreciatively. 

4. To help the student to evaluate literature in the light of sound aesthetic^ moral, and 
religious stondords. 

For a major in English twenty-four hours in addition to English 1 1>12 are required. These hours 
'include courses 32-32A and four hours in English literature, including course 28. Four hours of 
speech may be applied to an English major. Speech 26 should be included for students who 
wish to receive a teaching major in English. Speech credit may not be applied to an English 

01. Writing Improvement. No credit. 

Thte is a course required of all entering students whose orientation tests reveal 
deficiencies in writing skills. The course will include frequent exercises in writing with 
emphasis on the mechanics of expression. It may be taken simultaneously with 
English 1 1 . This clan meets twice each week. 

02. Reading Improvement. No credit. 

This is a course required of all students whose orientation tests reveal deficiencies 
In reading skills. The course will emphasize remedial reodlng techniques designed 
to increase the students reading speed and comprehension. It may be taken 
simultaneously with English 11. This class meets twice a week. 

11-12. Written and Spoken English. Eight 

This course Is an integrated course in the four basic communication sklllst writing, 
speaking, reading, and listening, its purpose will be to provide the degree of skill 
in communication necessary for effective participation in both college and non-college 
life. The y/ork will include written themes to develop writing skill, speeches and class 
discussions for practice in speech, reading assignments to increase the student's skill 
in comprehension, and lectures to give him practice in intelligent listening. English 
11 is prerequtoite to English 12. Not applicable on an English major or minor. 

21. Creative Writing. Two 

This course will consist of extensive practice in writing and criticism of the porticubr 
forms which interest the students. The aim of the course is to achieve artistic expres- 
sion in the modern Idiom. Students will be encouraged to seek publication in the 
"little" magazines. 

^Deceased November 8, 1957 




Introduction to Literature. Three credits. 

This course introduces the student to literary forms and the qualities of good 
literature. The work consists largely of readings from English and American litera- 
ture which are intended to develop the student's ability to interpret literature and 
his critical judgment. Frequent written assignments will be included to give practice 
in yn'itten expression. This course is prerequisite to all other courses in English or 
American literature unless the student is excused by special permission of the de- 

23-24. Journalistic Writing. Six credits. 

The work of the first semester will cover the basic skills of journalistic writing. While 
the news story feature and editorial will be considered in some detail, the course 
will be organized on the basis of a laboratory course wherein students will collect, 
edit, and publish notev^rthy news materials In the student publioations and the 
local newspaper. The second semester will be used to give special emphasis to the 
feature story, human interest story, and editorial writing on a more advanced level. 


Chaucer. Three credits. 

A study of Chaucer as a literary artist, based on a careful reading of the Prologue 
to the Canterbury Tales, selected Centerbury Tales and Troilus and Criseyde. Dis- 
cussion of Chaucer's social and literary background and of the permanent values 
hi his work. 

28-28A. Sholcespeare. 

First semester, comedies; second semester, tragedies. 

Three credits. 


AAihon. Three credits. 

Major emphasis on the Paradise Lost, with progressively less attention to Paradise 
Regained, Samson Agonistes, the shorter poems, and the prose. 


The Romantic Period. Three credits. 

A study of the English Romantic period with emphasis on the poetry of Wordsworth, 
Coleridge, Scott, Byron, Keats and Shelley. 

32-32A. American Literature. Six credits. 

A general survey of American Literature from its Colonial beginnings to the present 
time. Full course throughout the year. Required for student teaching in English. 
Either semester may Im taken separately. 


The Short-story in Literature. Two credits 

In connection with the brief history of the short-story, the student will read critically 
o number of the most representative stories by modern authors. 




34. Classical Background of English Literature. Three credits. 

The aim of this course is to give the English major or minor a Icnowledge of the 
influence of clossical literature on English literature, and how classical literature 
has been used by England's most important writers. 

35-36. Victorian Literature. Six credits. 

A study of the prose and poetry of the Victorian era in England, including readings 
in Carlyle, Tennyson, Browning, Arnold, Newman, and Ruskln. 

38. Modem Poetry. Two credits. 

The fundamental problems of criticism are treated in this course with a detailed 
study of modern poetry. 

39. Eighteenth Century English Literature. Two credits. 

The course is designed to cover the principal writers of the century. Including the 
works of Dryden, Swift and Pope. 

41. The English Novel. Three credits. 

This course will include a brief history of the novel in England and America from 
the earliest times to the present, together with a thorough study of the contemporary 
novelists. Extensive reading in the chief novelists will be required. 

42-42A. Modern Drama. Six credits. 

Reading and criticism of modern plays; lectures. First semester, recent continental 
European drama; second semester, recent English and American drama. 

46-46A. Advanced Composition and Grammar. Four credits. 

This course, which will be open only to juniors and seniors, will include a review of 
English grammar and frequent writing assignments to improve the students' skill in 
expression. It is recommended for students who expect to teach English. 

47-48. English Literature. Six credits. 

This is an honors course designed for students who ore completing on English mofor 
and for other students who receive permission to enter the course on the kxisls 
of high scholastic standing. The course will consist of one session a week, together 
with outside reodlng and written assignments which will cover the history of English 
literature from Beowulf to the present time. 

49-50. Independent Study. One to three credits. 

This course provides on opportunity for the well-qualified student to do supervised 
individual work in the field of his special interest. Open only to seniors ma|oring In 




The aiim of the department of Frenchi To give studenti foclltty In the use of the foreign tongue 
through emphasis on the spoken word; to make language a living thing; to develop on appre- 
ciation of the culture of foreign peoples through a thorough understanding of their language 
as a reflection of their thought. 

11-12. Beginner's French. Bght credHs. 

Pronunciation; essentials of French grammar; conversation; reading. 

21-22. Intermediote French. Six credits 

A careful review of grammar; exercises in eompositlon and convenotlon. Through- 
out the year reading In the library of books chosen from a spedol list of dramas 
and novels Is required. 

23-24. Composition and Conversation. Four credits. 

Drill in syntax and Idioms; writing of themes; oral reports on assigned readings 
of newspapers and magazines. 

25-26. Scientific French. Four credits. 

Reading from scientific texts and periodlcab. 

31-32. The Romantic School. Six credits. 

Study of the development of romanticism In French literature, and tracing of the 
movement in prose, poetry, and drama. Special and detailed study of Lomortine, 
Hugo, Vigny, Musset, Goutler. Written reports. 

36. Pronunciation and Diction. One credit. 

Special attention Is given to pronunciation and diction by meons of drill in the 
individual sounds and their phonetic symbob; study of the syllable, the word, the 
word group. 

37-38. The Culture of France. Six credits. 

Two thousand years of French life. The course aims to emphasize the different 
aspects of French civilization throughout the periods of its history. 

41-42. The Classical School. Six credits. 

Special and detailed study of Cornellle, Mollere, Racine, LoFontolne; lectures, 
discussions, reports. 

43-44. Reading Course in AAodern French Novels. One to three credits. 

Library readings; written reports. This course con be taken only after special 
arrangements hove been made with the Instructor. 

45-46. The French Novels. Six credits. 

A study of the development of the novel In French Literature. Reading and discus- 
sion of typical novels of various schools; collateral reading and reports. 

47-48. The French Drama. Six credits. 

A study of the development of the French dramo. Special detailed study of the 
modern French drama with reading and discuulon of several dramas. 





The course in geology is designed to meet the requirements of those who wish training in a 
lal>oratory science and to meet the needs of pro^orestry students. 

11-12. Physical and Historical Geology. Eight credits. 

A course planned to give a general knowledge of dynamic; structural and historical 
geology. Attention is given to the geology of the North American continent and the 
geological history of the state of Michigan. Laboratory work includes the study of 
rocks and minerals, fossils, and maps. These ore supplemented by an excellent col- 
lection of rocks and fosslb in the Hood Museum. Field trips ore made locally and 
at various places in the state to study the geology of Michigan. Two class periods 
and two two-hour loborotory periods each week. A loboratory fee of $6.50 per 



The aims of the department of Germont To give students facility in the use of the foreign 
tongue through emphasis on the spoken virord; to make language a living thing; to develop 
an appreciation of the culture of foreign peoples through a thorough understanding of their 
language as a reflection of their thought. 

11-12. Elementary German. Eight credits. 

A study of the pronunciation and the essentkils of grammar, wl/th composition and 
conversation based on simple selections for reading. 

21-22. Intermediate German. Six credits. 

A thorough review of German grammar, with special attention to syntax, composi- 
tion, conversation, ond the acquisition of a copious and practical vocabulory of 
Reollen type. 

31 . Scientific German. One to three credits. 

Reading of selections from the works of German scientists. Acquaints students with 
scientific vocabulary and style. Indispensable for those preparing for advanced work 
in the sciences. 

35-36. German Conversation and Composition. Four credits. 

Intensive v^rk in speaking and writing German. Oral and written reports on 
assigned readings of German mogozines and newspopers. 

41-42. Readings in German Classical Literature. One to three credits. 

Library reading; written reports. This course may be taken only after special ar- 
rangements hove been mode with the instructor. 

43-44. Goethe's Faust. Six credits. 

A study of Ports I and II, accompanied by on examination of the life and philoso- 
phy of the author, together with commentary on the details of the text. 





11-12. Beginning Greek. Eight credits. 

A study of the elementary phases of Greek grammar, syntax, and vocabulary. 
The more elementary passages of the New Testament will be translated. 

21-22. Intermediate Greelc. Six credits. 

A more advanced study of Greek grammar and syntax. Study will be made of 
more representative and difficult passages of the New Testament. 

history and political science 


The aims of the department of History and Political Science arei to aid the individual to 
achieve a better understanding and appreciation of the civilization and society of which he 
is a member and help him to become an intelligent, reasoning, active participant In society; to 
assist those planning to teach or to do graduate work In ocquiring the knowledge and skills 
whidi will Insure them success In these types of endeavor. 

These obiectlves look toward the fullest development of the Individual and the welfare of 
society. The social nature of historical material is particularly conducive to the achievement 
of these objectives. 

Twenty^four hours of credit In history are required for a ma|or In this field. History 23-24 and 
25-26 ore required courses. In addition to the twenty-four hours of history required of history 
majors. It is also required that Political Science 31-32 be token. It Is also strongly recom- 
mended that Economics 21-22 be token. 

A teaching minor In this field consists of fifteen credits and must Indude History 23-24 and 
History 25-26. 

History 23-24 Is prerequisite for all advanced courses In United States History. History 25-26 
Is prerequisite for all advanced courMs In European History. 


11-12. An Introduction to Western Civilization. Six credits. 

Various trends, movements, theories, developments, and Ideas which hove charac- 
terized Western Civilization since the Renaissance will be examined against the 
background of their historical settings. The first semester will be devoted to an 
examination of the Renaissance, the protestont reformation, the rise of scientific 
Investigation, and the age of enlightenment. Second semester will involve a study 
of the revolutionary spirit, socialism, capitalism and Imperialism. Does not apply 
toward a History ma|or or minor. 



21-22. Hislory of Groat Britain. Six credits. 

Porticubrty emphasizM the polifiool, constitutional, ond Institutional developments 
which have exeiied a great influence on American history. This course is strongly 
recommended as a background for American history. 

23-24. History of the United States. Six credits. 

A survey of United States history from the beginning of European expansion to 
the present time. Provides a bask knowledge for those having a limited time for 
the study of history, and a background for those intending to pursue this field more 

25-26. History of Europe. Six credits. 

The first semester covers the period from the Reformation to Waterloo, including a 
study of the effects of the Reformation and the growth and struggle of the national 
slates. The second semester continues the study from Waterloo to World War l—thot 
period which witnessed the development of such movements as Industrialization, 
nationalism, and the growth of international rivalries. 

31. History of the American Colonies. Three credits. 

An Intensive study of the beginnings of the American nation and the factors which 
hove influenced the subsequent social, economic political and institutional develop- 

33. Ancient History. Three credits. 

A survey of andent and classical times from the prehistoric period to 476 A. D. 
Particular attention will be paid to the development of western thought; letters and 
culture In Greece and Rome; and the rise of the Church as a political, cultural, and 
religious power. 

34. Medieval History. Three credits. 

Europe from the fourth to the sixteenth centuries. Attention will be given to the 
economic and social aspects of feudalism, and evolution of dynastic and national 
states, constitutional government, and the growth of the social, cuhural, intellectual, 
and political influence of the Church. Recommended prerequisite: History 33. 

36. Tl«e Frontier in American Hislory. Three credits. 

Beginning with the earliest settlement In America thb course will deal with those 
factors which promoted expansion Into the unsettled areas. The course will empha- 
size both the means used to accomplish settlement and the influence of westward 
expansion upon American culture ai$ a whole. 

37. Europe since 1914. Three credits. 

Deals with the problems of the Post World War 1 period and the factors which 
prevented on adequate solution and ultimately caused a second great war. 

41. The United States in the Twentieth Century. Three credits. 

This course traces the tremendous progress made by the United States since 1900 
and the consequent problems both in the domestic field and in international rela- 
tions. A thorough understanding of these problems and possible solutions is the 
objective of this study. 


political science 
43*44^ Latin America. Six credits. 

The first Mmetter covers the period from the explorations through the first gener- 
ation of Independence to about 1850. Emphasis will be upon the development of 
distinctive culture and forces bringing about successful movements for liberation. 
The second semester continues the study through to the present stressing the Increas- 
ing role of the United States In foreign relations and economic and soclol devel- 

45. Intellectual and Cultural History of 

the United States. Three credits. 

This course will deal with those broad social and Intellectual concepts which grew 
out of the particular environment that developed In the United States. Attention 
will be given also to a discussion of ethical and aesthetic values which developed 
in America. 

48. History of Russia Three credits. 

This course reviews the development of Russia from early times but emphasizes the 
period since World War I. 

51-52. Reading and Seminar Courses. 

These courses ore designed for advanced history students and ore flexible as to 
content and method so that they may be mode to fit the needs of the Indlvlduol 
student. The subiect matter will be determined by consultation between the student 
and the Instructor and the credit will vary according to the project attempted. 

political science 

Fifteen hours of credit In the field of political science Is recognized as a political science minor. 

31-32. Introduction to American Government. Six credits. 

One semester Is devoted to the study of our national government and another to 
ttie consideration of state and local governments. In both Instances attention It 
given to the machinery of government, the functions of government, and the respon- 
sibility of the Individual in the successful operation of government. 

42. European Government. Three credits. 

A study of ttie governments found In the various countries in Europe. The effect of 
world wars on these governments will be considered. 

45. Political Parties. Three credits. 

This course traces the rise of polltlcol parties In the United Stotes and explains the 
factors which contributed to their development. It Is also concerned with the func- 
tion of political parties, methods used In ochleving objectives, and the problems of 
the electoral lyilem. 

47. International Relations. Three credits. 

A study of the various factors which Influence the national states In the formulation 
of their foreign policies and the effect of the interaction of these policies In world 


home economics 

home economics 


The courses in the Department of Home Economics are designed to teach girls to live a more 
complete life and to taste the joy of creative accomplishment in the art of homemalcing. A 
practical emphasis is placed upon all phases of work so that knowledge gained may be used 
to advantage either personally or professionally. Ample opportunity is given to moke each 
course a real and vital port of the complete program. 

A moior In home economics may be earned by completing the following requirements and 
coursesi eight hours of credit in foods (11-12, and either 24 or 41), eight hours of credit in 
clothing (13-14, and either 21 or 22), Home Economics 15, 23, and 37, Art 27, and Chemistry 
13 and 14. Home economics majors who expecf to teach will take Education 35i. 

A minor !n Home Economics must include courses 11-12, 13-14, 15, and 23. 

11-12. Introduction to Foods. Six credits. 

A basic study of foods with the aim of promoting good standards of home and 
family life through knowledge acquired of the importance of good nutrition. The 
lai>oratory offers on opportunity for applying basic nutrition knowledge in becoming 
proficient in the preparation of food and mastering social usages by planning and 
preparing meals for various groups and occasions. Marketing and table service 
ore also studied. Laboratory fee: $5.00 per semester. 

13-14. Introduction to Clothing. Six credits. 

The aim of this course is to help the student develop self-confidence through a 
study of personal appearance problems, core of clothes, selection of clothes. The 
fundamental techniques of the construction of clothing and the use of the sewing 
machine will be studied. The laboratory will enable the student to give practical 
application of these in developing techniques of clothing construction. Laboratory 
feet $2.(X) per semester. 

15. Family Health. Two credits. 

Stresses Importance of maintaining family health and preventing disease. Enables 
the student to give Intelligent home nursing core to the sick and to gain practical 
knowledge of prenatal and post portum core to mother and child. Diet needs and 
habits ore emphasized. 

21. Tailoring. Two credits. 

This course has as Its aim the tailoring of women's suits or coots, or of men's or 
children's garments: Prerequisite: Home Economics 13-14, or experience approved 
by the instructor. Laboratory fee: $2.00. 


home economics 
22. Advanced Clothing and Dress Design. Two credits. 

The student Is given an opportunity to create her own clothing designs and to 
Yfork them out in a practical manner by construction of the garments designed, and 
draping without patterns. Some study of textiles will be included. Prerequisite: Home 
Economics 13-14. 

23. House Furnishing. Three credits. 

This course has as its aim the promotion of the selection, core* repair and con- 
struction of house furnishing and includes some principles of household physics. 
Laboratory fees $2.00. 

24. Nutrition. Two credits. 

A study of the fundamentals of nutrition followed by a practical application through 
meal planning, and diets for special conditions. Quantity cookery will also be 

26. AAeal Planning, Preparation, and Serving. Two credits. 

Practical information and experience in the planning, preparation and actual serv- 
ing of simple, nutritious meals are given in this course. Open to all students except 
Home Economics majors. Prerequisites: Home Economio 24 or permission of the 
instructor. Laboratory fee: $5.00. 

37. Home AAanagement. Two credits. 

This will consist of a study of methods for efficient management of time and money, 
and of records which every homemoker should keep to insure the practical running 
of the household. Practical experience will be provided. Laboratory fee: $2.00. 

41. Comparative Cookery. Three credits. 

An experimental course which deals with the preparation of foods on a compara- 
tive basis and aims to acquaint the student with the best in products and methods of 
preparation. Students ore trained to become public demonstrators by learning and 
using demonstration techniques In the comparative cookery of foods. Laboratory 
fee: $5.00. 


mathematics and engineering drawing 


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wifh signod numborc, spodol produCto» factoring, ff roclio m » llnoar oquofiomv roflo 
and proporfiofv ond o up onoiili* 

11-12. Busineft Mofhefnoflct. Six cradHt. 

A courm ofpodolly for sfudonii IntorMtad in businoM odmlniitration. P r oblnai t in 
intoriMf, diiooMnt onnulfioii, linking ffund^, ond OMorftoafion, doprodofion. vohiotlon 
off bondir Umtranm, olc. 

15. Coll«g« Algebra. Thrw cradHi. 

Topio indudad In fhto oourw oro oxpononl^r radloob, quodrofic oquofioniv dofor- 
mlnonts, complox numbon, progrmsioniw parm u tul i oni» oombinoNons and proba- 
bility. Preroqutoifet Mothomoflo 10 or fho €onwnf off fho imfrudor. 


Plane Trigononietry. Two credits. 

This couno doab with fho doftnttlont and fundamental rolofions botwoon the 
trigonometric f unctloni, tolutfon of triongleir frigonometric fheory ond applications. 
Prerequisite! Mafhemofici 10 or fho oonsenf off fho butrudor. 


18. Analytic Geometry. Four credits. 

This course deals with curve tracing and locus problems, the straight line, circles, 
conic sections, change of isxw, general equation of second degree, polar coordin- 
ates, introduction to planes and quadric surfaces. Prerequisite! Mathematics 15 and 

21-22. Elements of Calculus. Eight credits. 

First Principle of differential and integral calculus. Limits, derivatives, differentials, 
integrals, parametric equations, curvature, theorems of mean value, Maclaurin and 
Taylor Series, partial derivatives. Prerequisite: Mothematla 18. 

25-26. Statistical Mathematics. Six credits. 

Use of charts and graphs, moments, frequency, distribution, trends, correlation, 
curve-fitting, probability, sampling, index numbers, etc. Prerequisite: Mathematics 

31-32. Advanced Calculus. Eight credits. 

Prerequisite, Mathemotlo 21-22. 

34. The History of Mathematics. Three credits. 

A course especially for prospective teachers. Given on demand. 

35-36. College Geometry. Six credits. 

A course especially for prospective teachers. Important theorems which have been 
discovered since our conventional geometry took form are discussed and applied, 
special attention being given to geometric constructions involving the triangle and 
the circle. 

41-42. Differential Equations and Advanced Analysis. Six credits. 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 31-32. 

43-44. Higher Algebra. Six credits. 

Woric in advanced algebraic theories which has not been covered in any of the 
more elementary courses, but which Is almost essential for students wishing to do 
graduate work. Among the topics covered will be Elementary Theory of Numbers, 
Theory of Equations, Summation of Series, Probability, etc. Prerequisite: Mathematics 

45-46. Honors Course. 

Honors course for senior students who hove completed a major in Mathematics. 
Subjects to be studied and credit to be given will be determined for each student 
individually. Given on demand. 

engineering drawing 

1. Elementary Engineering Drawing. Three credits. 

Use of tools, simple, applied projection drawing; surface development. One semes- 
ter of high school mechanical drawing Is desirable. 

2. Descriptive Geometry. Three credits. 

Abstract orthographic projection technique, developed by graphic solution of three 
dimension-space problems. Prerequisite: Elementary Engineering Drawing. 





The objectives of the Department of Music are: 

1 . To foster in all college students an aesthetiCr artistic response to music. This Is accomplished 
by making available to all students music courses, applied music instruction, and musical 

2. To train effective teachers of music by developing in the student the necessary skills and 

3. To provide professional training in several areas of applied music, viz., piano, organ, voice, 
woodwinds, and brass, and to prepare students for graduate study In their chosen field. 

Requirements for the degrees In muslci 

Bachelor of Music Educations Gsndldates will find the curriculum as required on page 59. 
Music courses required are: 11-12, 13, 21-22, 35-36, 37, 42, 43-44; applied music (malor 
emphasis) required, fourteen hours; applied music (minor emphasis), four hours; participation 
in choir, band, or ensemble is also required. 

Bachelor of Arts with a music majort Those desiring to ma{or in music as a cultural or non- 
professional course of study, must present courses 11-12, 13, 21*22, 43-44, and a minimum 
of eight hours In applied music study in piano, organ, voice, or on instrument. The minimum 
number of credits In applied music must be approved by the faculty of the Department of 

Students wishing to minor In music on the Bachelor of Arts degree program are required to 
take Music 11-12, 13 and a minimum of four hours of applied music In piano, organ, voice, or 
on instrument. The minimum number of credits In applied music must be approved by the 
faculty of the Department of Music 

11-12. Music Theory I. Eight credits. 

A study of the specific functions of music theory, with intensive drill In music funda- 
mentals and basic techniques of aural perception. An Integrated course in music 
reading, melodic harmonic and rhythmic dictation, keyboard training, diatonic 
harmonization in four ports, non-hormonlc tones, modulations, analysis, and original 
work In smaller forms. 

13. Music Literature. Three credits. 

Cultivation of on understanding of music and development of definite listening skill 
through classroom study of masterworks from various periods. A survey of contri- 
butions to musical literature by the principal composers from Bach and Handel to 
Wagner, Brahms and Richard Strauss, with emphasis on backgrounds and social 
influences as determinants of style. 


15-16. Class Piano. Two credits. 

This course is designed to develop a practical keyboard facility for students with 
no previous piano training. It is especially recommended for those students who 
plan to enter the elementary teaching field. Class meets twice weekly. Feet $5.00 
per semester. 

17-18. Class Voice. Two credits. 

Designed to develop an understanding of the principles of singing, and an ability to 
sing with pleasing tone and good musical style. For students with little or no pre- 
vious voice training. Class meets twice weekly. Fee: $5.00 per semester. 

20. Music in Worship. Two credits. 

A study of the function and organization of music In the worship service including 
the types of hymns, congregational participation, liturgical music, anthems, and 
music for special occasions. (Also listed as Religion 20. This course is applicable 
on the minimum number of religion credits required for graduation. Open to students 
majoring or mlnoring in music and to others with the permission of the instructor.) 

21-22. Music Theory II. Eight credits. 

A continuation of Music 11-12 with similar techniques and objectives, but on a 
more advanced level. A thorough study of the Bach four-part chorale style, chromatic 
harmony, contrapuntal techniques in two, three, and four ports, analysis of small 
and large forms, and creative writing. Prerequisitei Music 11-12. 

35-36. Survey of Band and Orchestral Instruments Two credits. 

Each semester is divided into two sectionst 35, Brass and Woodwinds; 36, Strings 
and Percussion. Actual playing in a class ensemble. Careful consideration of special 
methods and problems pertaining to the various instruments. Required of all instru- 
mental majors and those voice majors who hove had no previous experience in 
instrumental music. Prerequisite to Orchestration (Music 42). 

37. Conducting. Two credits. 

The basic skills of the choral and instrumental conductor ore developed. Special 
emphasis is placed on rehearsal techniques and procedures, problems of interpreta- 
tion, organization and activities of choral and instrumental groups, program build- 
ing, and recommended materials for the choral and Instrumental library. 

42. Orchestration. Two credits. 

The aim of this course is to familiarize the student with the instruments of the 
modern orchestra as regards their history, technical limitations, and orchestral use. 
Many scores ore examined and the technique of scoring for all instruments and 
groups of instruments is studied in detail. Prerequisite, Music 35-36. 

43-44. History of Music. Four credits. 

First semester: an Intensive study of the history of music from antiquity until the 
beginning of the 1 8th century with special reference to the Greek and Gregorian 
music the vocal contrapuntal school, and later the schools of instrumental counter- 
point culminating In the works of J. S. Bach. Second semester: The Classic School- 
Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven; opera of the 18th century. The Romantic School— 
Schubert, Schumann, Chopin; the art song; music drama; opera of the 19th century. 
The Nationalist Schools. The Music of Russio. Music of the 20th century. 


^ I 


45. Independent Study. One to three credits. 

Thit course provldM an opportunity for intensive study of some definite problem 
or area in music theory, musicology or music education under faculty supervision. 
Open to qualified seniors who ore majoring in music upon approval of the music 

Courses in Music Education are listed under the Department of Education ost Education 35n 
(Methods of Teaching Elementary School Music), 35p (Methods of Teaching Secondary School 
Music), and 35q (Instrumental Methods). 

opplied music couriM 

Voice One or two credits per semester. 

Due to the varied background of voice students each student must be treated indi- 
vidually. By the end of the freshman year each student should have (1) a working 
knowledge of the physical aspects of voice production, (2) a conception of whot 
constitutes good tone quality, (3) developed proper posture and should be using 
the correct breath support and control, (4) acquired good diction habits, and (5) 
the ability to Interpret simple English and Italian songs artistically. In the succeeding 
years of voice study, the student's repertoire includes French art songs, German 
Lieder, Spanish songs, arias from representative operas and oratorios, and modern 
English compositions. Open to all students. 

Piano. One or two credits per semester. 

The course of study in piano Is designed to meet the needs of the individual stu- 
dents. Technical skills are developed through scales, orpeggi, and etudes. Works of 
various periods and composers are studied to build the repertoire, and to give the 
student a well-rounded background. Musicianship is developed through practical 
application of analysis, keyboard harmony and sightreading. Experience In ensemble 
pbying and accompanying as well as solo performance is provided. Open to all 

Organ. One or two credits per semestar. 

An adequate background of piano study is required, which includes some preludes 
and Fugues and some Inventions by Bach, some Sonatinas by Clement! and Kuhbu, 
or works of similar difficulty. The program of study is planned according to the 
individual needs of the student. Maior students should acquire a repertoire of com- 
positions representing the significant schools of organ literature from the sixteenth 
through the twentieth centuries. Open to all students with adequate background. 

Instrument. One or two credits per semester. 

The student who is planning to major in an Instrument should present a knowledge 
of his instrument upon entering, i.e., basic fundamentals, technique, tone production, 
attack and release, rhythm, expression, register, interpretation, and a record of 
public performance. He should also be able to play several numbers from standard 
repertoire for the instrument. Materials covered will be advanced techniques, stand- 
ard solos, teaching methods, and general improvement of ploying ability. Bond 
and small ensembles ore required of instrumental majors. Elementary instruction 
in Instruments is also offered to college students. 



Regulations for Applied AAusIc Students: 

1. All students taking applied music are required to attend tlie regular student recitals and 
stvdio worlcshops held on tlie first and tliird Wednesday afternoons of each montli at four 
o'clock. These students ore also expected to attend any other formal or informal recitals 
sponsored by the Department of Music 

2. Lessons missed by the instructor will be mode up. 

3. Lessons missed by the students will be mode up providing the student notifies the Instruc- 
tor a reasonable length of time In advance. 

4. Lessons foiling on holidays, or during vacation periods, will not be mode up. 

5. All applied music students ore expected to practice a minimum of one hour daily for 
eoch half hour weekly lesson. 

6. All students taking applied music lessons will present themselves before the faculty of 
the Department of Music for semester final examinations in their respective areas of 
applied music study. 

Applied Music for Junior and High School Divisions. 

Private lessons are offered In piano, organ, voice, woodwind and brass Instruments to children 
of elementary and high school age and to children of pre-school age who demonstrate special 
ability and Interest. 

Performance in monthly and semester recitals Is required. Junior Division recltab ore held on 
the second Wednesday of each month at 4i30 o'clock; High School Division recitals ore held 
on the fourth Wednesday of each month at 4i30 o'clock. 



The courses in philosophy encourage the student to fooe the deeper problems of existence, 
to appreciate the help of the great minds of the post and the present who hove met and 
cbrified these problems, and to lead the student to develop Independent and critical habits 
of thought. 

A moior In philosophy will consist of twenty^fbur credit hours and must include Philosophy 21, 
31-32, 41, 42r and 43. A minor in philosophy will consist of fifteen credit hours and must 
include Philosophy 21 and 31-32. 

With the approval of the department on advanced course in another field may be offered 
toward a moior if this course has a definite relotionshlp to the student's malor interest in 



21. Introduction to Philosophy. Throe credits. 

Designed to acquaint tl>e student with the issues and problems arising through 
man's attempt to understand and evaluate the world in which he Ih/es. The varied 
answers of leading philosophers will be considered. No prerequisite. 

31-32. History of Philosophy. Six credits. 

An introduction to the development of philosophic, scientific, political, moral, social 
and esthetic ideas throughout the course of western civilization. Greek, Roman and 
Medieval thought will be studied during the first semester, and renaissance and 
modern thought during the second semester. Prerequisites Philosophy 21. 

33. Introductory Logic. Three credits. 

Designed to teach the art of correct thinlcing, through study of logical principles, 
logical formulae and practice in the detection of prevalent fallacies of thought. No 

37. Ethics. Three credits. 

A study of the secular and religious views as to the meaning of the good, the right 
and the true. Principles ore established by means of which duty, value, etc. can be 

41. Special Studies in the Works of Plato, 

Aristotle, and Aquinas. Three credits. 

The content of this course centers around a study of the works of these philosophers 
comparing and contrasting their views of and contributions to philosophy. 

42. Modern World Views. Three credits. 

Advanced study of selected philosophers from Descartes to Hegel. 

43. Contemporary Philosophy. Three credits. 

This course discusses the philosophy of the present day in the light of the philosophy 
of the post concentrating on the philosophy of the twentieth century. 

44. Contributions of Philosophy to Political Theory. Three credits. 

A study of the works of the philosophers which have contributed to the development 
and understanding of political theory and practice. 

4& Schools of Philosophy. Three credits. 

A study and comparison of the answers given by the major schools of philosophical 
thought to the recurring problems in philosophy. 


physical education 

physical education for men 


Physical Education is roquired of all freshmen as a requisite for graduation. The program 
includes a wide variety of courses designed to meet the varying needs of the students. The 
chief aims are: 

1. The development of organic power. 

2. The development of skills in physical education activities. 

3. The development of desirable social habits and attitudes. 

4. The development of a love of wholesome pby and recreation. 

A major is offered to those students desiring to become teachers and supervisors of physical 
education, recreation workers, and athletic coaches. The major will consist of twenty-four credH 
hours and must include Physical Education 20, 23, 25, 26, 42, and 44. One must also take 
the theory courses covering the sport or sports he intends to coach. The major in physical 
education with emphasis upon recreation will consist of Physical Education 20, 23, 26, 28, 
34, 37, 38, 39, and 45. It is strongly recommended that Physical Education 34, 43, 45, ond 

Speech 27-28 (Public Speaking) be taken. 

A minor in physical education must include courses 20, 23, 26 and 42. 

required physical education courses 

11-12. Freshmen Physical Education. One activity unit per semester. 

This course is designed to acquaint students with various recreational needs. Touch 
football, volleyball, track and field, and basketball are offered in the first semester. 
The second semester continues with softboll, calisthenics, badminton, boxing, tennis, 
ond golf. 

extracurricular activities 

Tlie Athletic Association, affiliated with the Physical Educational Department, sponsors numer- 
ous programs of intercollegiate and intramural sports for students and members of the faculty. 

For membership for one complete season on a team squad playing a regular intercollegiate 
schedule In on approved sport, a student will be given one activity unit. Activity units in the 
intercollegiate sports listed below may be used to fulfill the graduation requirement of two 
units in lieu of the required Physical Education 11-12: 

10a, 10b, lOCr lOd. Cross country 

13a, 13b, 13cr 13d. Football 

14a, 14b, 14c 14d. Tennb 

15a, 15b, 15q 15d. Basketball 

160* 16b, 16q 16d. GfM 

Ua, 17b, 17cr 17d. Baseball 

18a, 18b, 18q 18d. Track 


physical educoliofi 

theory courses 

20. Href Aid. One credit. 

23. History ond Principles of Physical Education. Three oedils. 

Thb coune will deal with the historical development of physical education as a 
background for the discussion of modern physical educational alms and ideob. 

25. Physiological Hygiene. Three creditt. 

The aim of this course to to emphasize the physiological and anatomical struc- 
tures and functions of the human body. Required of all physical education mofors. 

26. Heahh Principles and Practices. Three credits. 

Thb course to designed to train the prospective physical education teacher in dealing 
with problems of social and community health among public school children. Requir- 
ed of oil physical education majors. 

28. Camping and Counseling. Two credits. 

The course to designed to acquaint the student with the current trends and prac- 
tices in camping, school camping and out-of-door education. Emphasb will be given 
to counseling techniques, living out-of-doorsr nature explorations and crafts. 

31. Theory of Coaching Football. Three aedits. 

This course covers techniques, rules, strategy, style of ploy, promotion, and educo- 
tionoi responsibilities and opportunities of football. Notebook required. 

32. Theory of Coaching Track and Reld. Two credits. 

This course is designed to cover the accepted methods of teoching the various track 
and field events. Thb will be done by the use of a textbook, rule book, movies, 
practical work on the track, and helping to officiate track meets. 

33. Theory of Coaching Baseball. Two credltk 

The purpose of thto course is to prepare the student for Junior High School baseball 
coaching. A textbook will be used along with the rule book and practical work on 
the field. 

34. Theory and Practice of Individual Sports. Three credits. 

The purpose of this course is to provide the student with a working knowledge of 
the various individual sports and to develop a certain amount of skill In each. In- 
struction and practice In such sports as golf, tennto, bowling, badminton, and 
archery ore included. 

38. Playground and Community Recreation. Three credits. 

The study of the organization and administration of community ploy. 


physical education 

41 . Theory of Cooching Baslcetball. Three credifti 

Included in this course are the theory and practice of baslcetball coaching, the his- 
tory and development of the game, study of offensive and defensive system^ rules 
and their interpretation. Practical classes and an opportunity to officiate regulation 
games will be presented. A notebook Is required. 

42. Organization and Administration of Health 

and Physical Education. Three credits. 

A study of the organization and administration of various types of physical 
education programs, school, playground and community problems of supervision, 
amount of time, costs, facilities and equipment. 

43. Training Room Technique. Two credits. 

The purpose of this course is to acquaint the student with the problems and work 
of a trainer and a training room. Practical work Is stressed with each student spend- 
ing a given number of hours in the training rooms. The use of wraps, the applying 
of tape and first old to athletic Inlurles will be stressed. 

Kinesiology. Three credits. 

This course Is designed to emphasize the anatomical and mechanical analysis of 
activities in physical education. The principles of human motion are studied to 
promote normal development in school children and to improve their performance. 
Prerequisite! Physical Education 25. Required of all physical education mafors. 

45. Officiating AAajor Sports. Two credits. 

This course Is to provide the future coach and physical education teacher with a 
thorough knowledge and Interpretation of the rules of our major sports. The course 
¥^ll cover football, basketball, and baseball. 


physical education 

health and physical education 
for women 


During the freshman year, students are required to take two hours a week of physical educa- 
tion. Before entering college, each student must take a medical examination by which her 
program of physical education is determined. 

Each girl is given a physical examination by the director of physical education at the begin- 
ning of each college year. Special attention is given to posture. 

In the interest of uniformity each student is required to wear the regulation gym suit adopted 
by the department. 

The Women's Athletic Association, sponsored by the department, is open to all college women 
and is a member of the Athletic and Recreation Federation of Michigan College Women. 

A minor is offered to those students desiring to become teachers of physical education. This 
should include Physical Education 35-36, 37, 39, and Education 35s, the latter course being a 
part of the Education minor. 

required physical education courses 

11-12. Sports Orientation for Freshmen. Two activity units. 

The aim of this course is to give the student an understanding of the value of 
participation in physical activities and to aid in determining her physical abilities 
and needs. A variety of activities with some lectures and discussions will be included. 

theory courses 

23. History and Principles of Physical Education. Three credits. 

See Physical Education for Men, Course 23. 

28. Camping and Counseling. Two credits. 

See Physical Education for Men, Course 28. 

35-36. Skills and Techniques. Six credits. 

This course includes a study of the following sports: field hockey, soccer, speedbaii, 
fieldball, basketball, volleyball, badminton, archery, tennis and softbali. Methods of 
teaching, construction of grounds, equipment and review of rules for each sport ore 
included. Marching and gymnastics are also studied as to their place and value in a 
school program. Study and practice of management of tournaments and ploy days 
are included. A two semester course. 

37. Rhythms for the Elementary School. Two credits. 

This course is designed to develop the rhythmic responses of the individual and to 
develop skill in elementary dancing techniques. Methods and materials of instruction 
ore studied and practiced. 



38. Playground and Community Recreation. Three credits. 

See Physical Education for Men, Course 38. 

39. Games and Play Activities for the Elementary School. Two credits. 

This course includes practices in story plays, singing games and games suitable for 
lower elementary grades, circle games, games of low organization and lead-up 
games for sports. Discussion and study of their place in the school and practice in 
teaching within the class are also included. 

42. Organization and Administration of Health 

and Physical Education. Three credits. 

This course includes a study of the problems of the teacher and supervisor, policies 
to be followed in schools, construction, finances, equipment, enrollment, grading 
records and reports. 



The physics curriculum is designed to meet the requirements of three types of studentst the 
physics majors, who wish a well-rounded basic training in the fundamental fields of physics; 
the science majors from other departments such as the Deportments of Chemistry and 
Mathematics, who desire on understanding of the basic physical principles as applied to their 
own fields; and the pre-professional students planning to enter medicine, dentistry, low, etc, 
who wish a less rigorous course aimed primarily at science appreciation. 

For physics majors Mathematics 16, 17, 18, and 21-22 an required and Chemistry 11-12 
is strongly recommended. Students who hove satisfactorily completed either Physics 11-12 or 
21-22 ore eligible for any of the advanced courses. A minimum total of twenty-four credits 
constitutes a mofor and must Include either 11-12 or 21-22 but not both. 

11-12. General Physics. Eight credits. 

Primarily for pre-professional students desiring on introduction to fields of mechanics, 
heat, sound, electricity, magnetism, light, and atomic physics. Includes two hours per 
week of laboratory. Chemistry and mathematics majors should elect Physics 21-22. 
Prerequisites! elementary algebra and plane geometry. 

21-22. General Engineering Physics. Ten credits. 

A more extended and rigorous course than Is given In 11-12 with the emphasis 
on the solving of problems applied to the fields of engineering and science, 
includes two hours per week of laboratory. Prerequisites: Mathematics 15, 17 and 



31. Heat. Three credits. 

This course Includes such topics as lows of thermodynqmics, kinetic theory of gcuos, 
isothermal and odiobatic transformations, specific heats, change of state, high and 
tow temperatures, conduction, convection, radiation. Given during alternate fall 

31 L. Heat Laboratory. One credlf. 

This course may be tolcen after or with Physics 31 but not before. 

32. Light. Three credits. 

A scientific explanation is sought for such topics as interference, diffraction, reflec- 
tion, refraction, double refraction, polarization, dispersion, spectra. A study of 
optical instruments is included and the electro-magnetic theory of light Is discussed. 
Given during alternate spring semesters. 

32L Light Laboratory. One credit. 

This course may be taken after or with Physics 32 but not before. 

33. Mechanics. Three credits. 

Under the topic of statics, a study is mode of forces and torques acting on bodies 
to produce equilibrium as shown by trusses, bridges, and A frames. Under kine- 
matics, a study Is made of moments inertia, centrifugal force, motion of a particle, 
motion of a rigid body. Also included are: work and energy, friction, center of 
gravity, flexible cords. Given every other year. 

33L Mechanics Laboratory. One credit. 

This course may be token after or with Physics 33 but not before. 

34. Electricity and Magnetism. Three credits. 

A study of electrostatia, mognetostatics, steady currents, complex quantity method, 
and Maxwell's equations. 

37. Atomic Physics. Three credits 

A study of the atomic nature of matter, including the Bohr atom, electron configura- 
tions, otomic spectra, quantum numbers. X-rays, radioactivity, nuclear particles, moss 
and energy relations, the cosmic rays. Given during alternate foil semesters. 

38. Nuclear Physics. Three credits. 

This course deals with topics such os: general properties of nuclei, alpha emission, 
beta decay, gamma emission, cosmic radiation, nuclear fission and detedion of 

43. Electrical Measurements and Electronics, Four aedlts. 

A study of accurate methods of measurement of resistance, capacitance, induct- 
ance and potential difFerence, electron tube characteristics, amplifiers, osdikitors, 
detectors and photoelectricity. Characteristics and calibration of D.C. and A.C. 
instruments ore studied. Three class periods and one laboratory period per weelc. 
Prerequisltest Physics 34. 



48. Special Problems. One to three credits. 

This courM h intended for the student who has a special problem in physics which 
he wishes to pursue. It might include the building of apparatus for the use of the 
department, or the investigation of some problem which goes beyond the work 
covered in any of the regular courses. May be elected any semester, but only 
with the permission of the instructor. Credit depends upon the amount and the 
character of the work performed but not more than three credits may be applied 
toward a physics major or minor. 

49. Readings in Physics, One or two credits. 

This course gives the interested student a chance to become acquainted with the 
literature of physics, especially the periodicals. May be elected only with the 
permission of the instructor. 



The purposes of the Department of Psychology ore: (1) training for students entering the 
Riedical, theological, industrial, and educational areas, so that these individuals whose primary 
vocational concern Is dealing with human beings may have a rather precise understanding 
of the predictability of human behavior; (2) preparation of students for graduate study leading 
to an advanced degree in psychology; (3) instruction of the student whose vocational concern 
is primarily outside the area of human behavior so that he may appreciate the dynamics of 
human behavior and understand something of the reasons for his own behavior patterns and 
those of his associates. The psychology major who does not plan to take graduate work will 
find vocational opportunities primarily in sales, personnel and social service areas, areas In 
which the primary concern is dealing with human beings. 

The student majoring In psychology Is required to demonstrate breadth of understanding In 
the general field of psychology. Including particularly the areas of experimental psychology 
and ptychologicol statistics. The department considers that this background should be based 
on knowledge of the biological sciences. The student ordinarily demonstrates these compe- 
tancies by completing a year's work In general biology and a minimum of 24 credits in psy- 
chology. Including Psychology 21, 24, 31, 37, 38, 41. Competency may also be demonstrated 
both In general field and specific area by participation in independent study programs. 

21. General Psychology. Three credits. 

A systematic general introduction to the study of human behavior. The course Is 
designed to give the Introductory student a knowledge of modern psychological 
concepts and the usefulness of these concepts In understanding the behavior of 
himself and others In a variety of situations. Psychology 21L, on optional labora- 
tory, is highly recommended to accompany Psychology 21. 



21 L General Psychology Laboratory. One credit. 

A laboratory section, meeting two hours a week. Is offered as an optional comple- 
ment for Psychology 21. The student will conduct experimental studies of psycho- 
logical phenomena, sensation, perception, learning and simple modifications of be- 
havior which would considerably Increase his understanding of the concepts discuss- 
ed in lecture. 

22. Educational Psychology. Three credits. 

The learning process, individual differences, elementary statistics, and the use of 
group measurements of intelligence, personality and achievement will be covered In 
this course. Offered the second semester of each academic year. Prerequisite: 
Psychology 21. 

24. Advanced General Psychology. Four credits. 

This course will meet for three hours recitation and two hours in laboratory work 
per week. The course will stress scientific method and its usefulness in providing a 
functional analysis of behavior. The student will learn to predict the behavior of 
organisms, both human and infra human, as a function of antecedent conditions. 
Particular stress is placed on the methods of modifying behavior. Prerequisite: 
Psychology 21 with a minimum grade of C. 

31. Psychological Statistics. Three credits. 

An introduction to include both descriptive and inferential statistics. This course will 
include measures of central tendency and variability, product-moment correlation, 
biseriol, phi coefficient and rho. Students "f, simple analysis of variance, chi 
square, errors of the first and second kind will provide an adequate background 
for comprehension of most of the current research articles in the behavioral 
sciences. Prerequisite: six hours of psychology. 

32. Testing and the Measurement of Behavior. Three credits. 

This course will include a study of the mathematical basis for test development, 
projective and paper and pencil tests of personality, performance tests, critical 
incident technique and attitude scales. The course will stress both theory and 
practice. Prerequisite: Psychology 31. 

33. Psychology of Adjustment. Three credits. 

Psychological principles as applied to normal adjustment processes, development 
and measurement of the normal personality and an overview of psychotherapy will 
be considered in this case. Prerequisite: Psychology 21. 

34. Abnormal Psychology. Three credits. 

A study of personality deviations, bofh functional and organic with special emphasis 
on causes, systems of therapy and prognosis. Prerequisite: Psychology 21. 

35. Personnel and Industrial Psychology. Three credits 

The following topics will be considered: Psychological tests In industry, selection and 
training, evaluation, job analysis, safety and morale, counseling, human engineer- 
ing, methods of merchandising and advertising. Each of these areas will be 
approached from the point of view of learning what is done and how each Is 
related to more fundamental aspects of human behavior and performance. 


36. Social Psychology. Three credits. 

Study of the effect of stimuli provided by the group on the response systems of the 
individual. Special emphasis on sampling public opinion measurement, development 
of prejudices and forms of social control of behavior. Offered in alternate years. 
Prerequisite: nine hours of psychology. 

37-38. Experimental Psychology I and II. Eight credits. 

An investigation will be made of the data resulting from, and the research methods 
for, studying sensation, perception, psychophysics learning, motivation and problem 
solving. The second semester will include some problems from the philosophy of 
science as they relate to psychology; particularly teleological systems, operotionism, 
and the logic of scientific method. An original experimental paper is required the 
second semester. Prerequisite: Psychology 21 and 24. 

39. Comparative and Physiological Psychology. Three credits. 

This course will consist of an examination of the physiological and neurological 
bases for behavior and behavioral modification. Behavior patterns in infra-human 
species as a function of phylogenetic level of development will be considered. 
Prerequisite: Biology 1 1 and 1 2 and six hours of Psychology. 

41 . Personality Theory. Three credits. 

The following theoretical positions in the study of personality will be considered: 
Psychoanalytic, Jungion, Rogerion, S-R, Factor-analytic and Sheldonian. Prerequi- 
site: Psychology 33 and 34. 

42. Learning Theory. Three credits. 

The contributions of the following learning theorists will be considered: Skinner, 
Guthrie, Tolmon, Hull, Spence and Thorndike. Estes and the concepts of mathe- 
matical models will be discussed. Prerequisite: Six hours of psychology. 

43. Child Development. Three credits. 

(Education 43) A survey of the nature, the care, and development of the child. 
Special attention will be centered upon the pre-school years, the pre-natal period, 
the beginning years of school, and the period of adolescence. The course deals 
with the inter-relatedness of mental, physical, social and emotional growths. Pre- 
requisites: Psychology 21 and 22. 

46. Psychology Seminar. Two credits. 

Seminar in psychology will meet two hours per week for the presentation of papers 
within on area delineated by student interest. Offered alternate years. Prerequisite: 
fifteen hours of psychology. 

47. Independent Study. One to three credits. 

Up to three hours of credit may be earned by students wishing to do advanced 
study in some area of psychology. Prerequisite: eighteen hours of psychology. 





Th« aim of this d«partin«nt is to develop in •very student an acquaintanceship with Biblical 
literature and an appreciation of Its relevance to civllzotion and to Christian faith and life 
through study of its history, doctrines, and Its relation to non-Christian religions; to provide 
training for those who will assume lay leadership in our churches; to prepare for graduate 
study those anticipating full-time church vocations and to promote church unity through inter- 
denominational fellowship in which religion is presented as on essential resource for abundant 
personal living and effective social progress. 

11. Old Testament History and Literature. Two credits. 

Against the background of Hebrew history this course emphasizes actual study of 
the old Testament itself and stresses those religious and social concepts that merged 
with Christianity. 

12. New Testament History and Literature. Two 

A contlnuotion of the study of the religious concepts of the Old Testament m they 
emerge In the message of the Gospels with emphasis on the life and teachings of 
Christ and the growth of the early church. 

20. Music in Worship. Two credits. 

For course description, see Music Deportment. The two hours credit available are 
applicable toward a major or minor in Religion, and on the minimum number of 
Religion credits required for graduation. 

21. Religions of AAankind. Two credits. 

An analysis of the various philosophies and religions that hove claimed man's 
ultimate loyalties with emphasis on the spiritual dynamic of Christianity. 

22. Gospel of AAark. Two credits. 

An analysis of the structure of the Gospel with the intent of discovering Its central 
message, and on emphasis on developing a method of Bible study. 

23. Science and Religion. Two credits. 

An Introductory analysis of various scientific and religious Interpretations of cosmos, 
life, and spirit leading to the formation of a consistent and odequote Biblical 

25. Prophets for Today. T¥^ credits. 

This course sets forth the eternal teachings of the Hebrew prophets as these 
pioneers of religious thought make practical contributions toward the Christian 
answer for modern sociol, moral, and religious problems. 


26. The Life and Uttors of Paul. Two credits. 

Th« shidy of Paul's Ufa ond letters, with his significance for Christianity, as it 
transcends geographical, racial, and religious boundaries. The course will note Paul's 
continuing practical influence today upon our modern culture, morals, and religion. 

28. The Church and Her Denominations. Two credits. 

This course alms to show the essential unity of the One Christian Church and the 
development of the three groups—The Greek or Eastern, the Roman or Western, 
and the Protestant. The course will further study the basic agreements which underlie 
the apparent differences within the Protestant Church, and note the possible basis 
for a united cooperation among the denominations. 

31. Christian Education. Two credits. 

Principles and organizations of Christian Education with special emphasis on the 
Biblical content and methods for particular age groups. 

32. Basic Christian Beliefs. Two credits. 

This course seeks the Christian answer to man's basic needs as expressed by such 
questions as "Who Is God? What is Christ? and What are the Bible, the Church, 
sin, salvotlon, and the future life?" 

33. History of Christianity through the Reformation. Two credits. 

From its New Testament beginnings, this course tells the story of the Christian 
Church through the time of the Protestant Reformation. 

34. History of Christian Doctrine. Two credits. 

A study of the historical progress of Christian thought with special emphasis on 
the teachings of the Church concerning Christ. 

36. The Philosophy of Christianity. Two credits. 

This course brings the spirit of philosophical inquiry to the analysis and apprecia- 
tion of Christianity in particular, seeking to understand the contrbutions of philoso- 
phy to Christianity, and aiming to set forth the adequacy and excellency of the 
Christian revelation. 

37. Poetry of the Bible Two credits. 

A study of the deep religious feelings of God's people, as these personal and 
national experiences break forth into a poetry of typically Hebrew form. The course 
includes such poetic types as lyric, ballad, drama, proverbs, as these severalty 
display the underlying Hebrew-Christian conception of history, prophecy and 
religion. Lecture*, discussions, readings. 

38. Psychology of Religion. Two credits. 

A study of the application of psychology to the analysis and interpretation of 
religious experience, especially setting forth the development and functioning of a 
Christian personality. PrerequisHet Psychology 21. 





Sociology— Anthropology. 

1. Aim— to study man: in his wholeness as a thinking, feeling, willing human being; in his 
interrelations, as a social being (family, neighborhood, world); in his culture, as cause of 
and reflection of different race and national traditions, beliefs, ideals. 

2. Departmental emphcsist 

a. Biological and psychological approach to social problems. 

b. Constructive approach, in a mechanistic age, to the human qualities of man as a 
mental-emotional, spiritual being. 

c. Understanding the psychology and the therapy of the abnormal. 

For a maior in Sociology a student must obtain thirty credit hours in Courses 2M5. Economics 
31 (Labor Economics) may be applied on a Sociology major. 

21-22. Principles of Sociology. Six credits. 

A study of the fundamental principles of group life and the development of typical 
social institutions. Social forces, social problems, social control. Text, lectures, col- 
lateral reading, reports. 

27. Education for Marriage and Family Life. Three credits. 

An application of the findings of the biological, psychological, and social sciences 
as they relate to marriage and family life. This course alms to help prepare young 
men and women for marriage and family living, and to aid prospective professional 
workers whose occupations have bearing on family relationships. Prerequisite: 
Sophomore standing. 

31-32. Anthropology. Six credits. 

First semester: The newer concepts of the evolution of the earth and man, on 
attempt to synchronize the latest findings in the natural scinces with the Hebrew 
account of Creation; comparative study of American Indian tribes: social organiz- 
ation, religion, language, arts and crafts. Second semester: Study of Mexican 
archaeology; Maya and Aztec civilizations. 

33. Abnormal Psychology. Three credits. 

Study of non-normal in personal and social organization. Understanding the 
psychology, the reaction patterns or symptoms, and the therapy of the abnormal. 
Analysis of causal factors, preventive methods, treatment technique. 

34. Folklore. Three credits. 

An attempt to trace through folk tales, fairy tales, legends, myths of early Asiatic 
and European peoples, the beginnings of science, philosophy, religion as expres- 
sions of human needs and spiritual aspirations. Creation tales, the supernatural, 
cosmic concepts. 


36. Criminology. Three credits. 

Disorganization of society and individuals. Causes of crime. American crime picture. 
International crime. Penal institutions. Treatment versus punisfiment. 

39. Bio-psychology of Childhood. Three credits. 

Understandng the child as an evolving personality; embryo-child-adolescent-man. 
Stages of growth. Temperaments. Education as an art; aim to build a normal, 
balanced creative human being. 

41. The Family. Three credits. 

A study of the structure and development of the family as a social institution and 
its inter-relationship with other social institutions; changing functions of the family 
as seen in historical and cultural perspective. Prerequisite, Sociology 27 or consent 
of Instructor. 

42-43. Social Work. Six credits. 

The social survey, social case-work, and research methods in social work. Practical 
experience in field work (migrant communities) under faculty supervision. Open to 
seniors, or with consent of the instructor. 

44. Social Theory. Three credits. 

An integrating course in sociological theory from myth to science. Study of social 
and political philosophers Hobbes, Locke, Vico, Comte, Durkhelm, Marx, Poreto, 
Sankara, Dante and Goethe: contributions to social philosophy. 

45. Personnel. Two credits. 

The human approach to industry. Study of personality types. Job-onolysls: personnel 
adjustment. Art of interviewing. 



The aims of the department of Spanish: To give students facility in the use of the foreign 
tongue through emphasis on the spoken word; to make language a living thing; to develop 
an appreciation of the culture of foreign peoples through a thorough understanding of their 
language as a reflection of their thought. 

11-12. Elementary Spanish. Eight credits. 

A study of the pronunciation and the essentials of grammar, with practice in 
composition and conversation accompanied by the reading of simple texts. 

21-22. Intermediate Spanish. Six credits. 

A thorough review of Spanish grammar, with special attention to syntax, composi- 
tion, conversation, and the acquisition of a copious and practical vocabulary. 



31-32. Spanish Conversation and Composition. Six credits. 

The obfecf of this course is to give the student fluency of expression In spolcen 
Spanish as weil as practice in writing the language. Prerequisite, Spanish 21-22 or 
permission from the Instrucfor. 

33-34. Introduction to Spanish Literature. Six credits. 

Tracing of broad general literary movements in Spanish literature v^ith oral and 
written evaluations of typical worlcs of outstanding authors in oil periods. 

41-42. Spanish American Literature. Six credits. 

The first semester covers outstanding literary movements and works from the 
colonial period to the end of the nineteenth century. The second semester covers 
literary movements and outstanding works of the twentieth century. 



Courses in the Department of Speech ore both cultural and professional, designed to equip 
young men and women to live happy, useful lives In a democratic society which places a 
premium on articulate citizenship. In addition, courses ore directed toward the development 
of personal skill in speech through courses in argumentation and debating, public speaking, 
acting, radio and Interpretative reading. To those who wish to teach in the field of speech, a 
ma|or Is offered. Students ma|oring in speech ore required to complete courses 21, 23, 24, 25, 
26, 27>28, 36, 37, 38, and Education 35t. Speech majors ore urged to minor in English. 

21. Argumentation. Three credits. 

This course teaches the principles of argument and gives practice in debating. All 
students who plan to portlclpote in intercollegiate debating should elect this course. 

22. The Practice of Delxite. Two credits. 

This course is designed to give the student pracTioe In the principles of argumen- 
tation. A concentrated study is mode of the question offered for intercollegiate 
debote. Course moy be taken three times for credit. 

23-24. Oral Interpretation. Four credits. 

Students will be taught to appreciate literature and to use their physical equipment 
to develop in on audience similar understanding and appreciation. Ghfen in alter- 
noto years. 

25. Acting. Two credits. 

A study of^the art of ploy production with special emphasis upon methods and 
theory of acting. Scenes from ploys will be presented as classroom exercises. Port of 
the course is devoted to a study of the modem theatre and art of the drama. 

26. Ploy Production and Directing. Two credits. 

A study of the ploys suitable for amateur production and the mechanio of produc- 
ing them. Students will study procTioe and theory of directing, scenery design ond 
construction, costuming, lighting, make-up and business management. Lai>oratory 
procHoe Includes participation in the college ploys. Each student produces a o w eocf 
ploy OS a final project. 


27-28. Public Speoking. Six croditt. 

A continuation of the study and proctiot of tho principles of composition and 
delivery of speeches applicable to everyday living. Emphasis will be given to the 
careful development and delivery of longer speeches. The second semester will 
be devoted. In port, to the sampling of the various fields of speech Including dis- 
cussion, debate, drama, parliamentary procedure, choral reading, radio, and 
Interpretative reading. Tope recordings will be made of each student's speaking, 
t^ot open to Freshmen. 

33. Parliamentary Procedure. One credit. 

I Rules of parliamentary procedure ore studied and applied through parliamentary 

! drill. Each student is given practice In acting as presiding officer. 


35. Diction and Usage. Three credits. 

Designed to increase the student's vocabulary and to give training in correct pro- 
nunciation and usage of words. 

36. Public Discussion. Three credits. 

A study of the principles, methods, and types of discuuion, and their oppliootlon in 
the discussion of contemporary problems. 

37-38. Radio Technique. Sbc credits. 

A course designed to give the student an understanding of and training in radio 
broadcasting technique. Instruction Is given in the use of a public address system. 

39. Radio Dramatics. Three credits. 


I Study of the theory of acting for the radio actor. Extenshfe special experience in 

acting before the microphone. Prerequisite: Speech 37 and 38. 

40. Radio Production. Three credits. 

Discussion of the theory of direction and production of all types of radio pro- 
grams and participation In various types of broadcasts. Prerequisites Speech 37, 38, 
ond 39. 

43-44. Radio Workshop. Six credits. 

A survey course In radio which includes emphasis on all the factors of effective 
radio broadcasting— announcing, writing, directing, sound effects, music This In- 
struction will be supplemented by frequent broadcasts over radio station WFYC. 

47. The Coaching of Speech Activities. Three credits. 

This course b so constructed that It will meet the needs of prospective speech teach- 
ers and English teachers who will be responsible for cooching forensic activities In 
high schools and colleges. Instruction will involve coaching methods for debate 
discussion, oratory, extempore speaking, drama, declamation, prose and poetry 
reodtng, ond student congresses. 


record of the year 



The following degree was awarded at the Opening Convocation, 

September 20, 1957 



Director of Christian Education for the Synod of Michigan 

Presbyterian Church, U. S. A. 

Detroit, Michigan 

Presented by Dean William J. McKeefery 

At the seventieth Commencement on June 4, 1957, the following 

degrees were conferred: 



Alma College: 1894-1898 

Widow of the late Colonel Frank Knox, 

Secretary of the Navy 

Coral Gables, Florida 

Presented by Mr. Arthel E. Merritt 



Pastor, Jefferson Avenue Presbyterian Church 

Detroit, Michigan 

Presented by Dr. Harold C. VandenBosch 


degrees conferred 

Bachelor of Arts 

*James Henry Amell - Pontiac 

fRuth Janet Anderson Saginaw 

Merrill Harmon Armstrong -Three Rivers 

*Rlchard D. Bathgate Bridgeport 

*Geraldine Bishop Traverse City 

*Marllyn Ruth Black Flint 

John William Boles Detroit 

*Joan Joyce Bush Spring Lake 

*Alan Gene Cordlll .• Alma 

tPrances Margaret Davey Mllford 

Eugene R. Davis Rosevllle 

tBettle Ann Dillon Greenfield, Ohio 

*Thonnas Ellwood Dodd Clarkston 

tCarolyn Ann Erdman Alma 

*James E. Ford Livonia 

Mary Ann S. Fritz Alma 

Robert Edwin Fritz, cum laude Cass City 

fMarjorle Ernestine Fuller Alma 

Alyce ContI Gaines Athens, Greece 

Margaret Jean Gardner Grosse Polnte 

Joan Ann Gebhart .. Pleasant Ridge 

Herbert E. Gerber Saginaw 

fElenore Ruth Gleser, magna cum laude Ishpeming 

fJoon Marie Frederick Godfrey Clawson 

*Mervln Van Greene Lansing 

Chester Louis Gross Saginaw 

♦Joseph D. Halcomb St. Louis 

E. Leona Hall RIverdale 

*Frances Mae Harper Rosevllle 

John Sterling Harris Caro 

tMary Lou Hartwick Plymouth 

James William Hawkins Rosevllle 

*Karen Aleene Homan Hesperia 

*Charles Toft Hornbrook Tallahassee, Florida 

tLlllian Edna Hudson, - cum laude Kendallvllle, Indiana 

fHorriet Jane Hunt Cass City 

John William Hurst Lalngsburg 

George B. Huysken —Detroit 

Aaron Dean Hyde Mason 

Sue Ann Metzger Hyde Flint 

Donald Tibblts Jackson, cum laude — Holt 

*Mary Margaret Johnson, cum laude Harbor Beach 

♦Richard Clare Johnson DeWItt 

♦Marjory Edith Jones J Port Huron 


degrees conferred 


.East Lansing 



Herbert William Kongas . 

Richard Setii Knowles — 

Virginia Dee Knox 

tHugii H. Laird 

♦Frank Freer Lawrence Palmyra, New York 

tNancy Lee Martin Livonia 

♦Constance Louise McCall Alma 

Marie Diehl McCall, ..cum laude Alma 

♦David Bruce McDowell Detroit 

♦Marilyn Ann Mott -YpsllantI 

♦Douglas Nietzke, cum laude Flint 

Ward Calvin Patton, Jr. cum laude 

fMarcia Lou Peters ♦ 

Douglas William Phillips 

♦Franklin D. Pierson 

fFrances Jeanne Preslar, cum laude 

♦Elizabeth Joanne Proctor 

♦Janet Gay Rench 

Mija Kim Rhee 

James Edward Robins 

Carl R. Rubel 

♦Hugo Salazar 

♦Richard Henry Schluckbier 

Charles Thomas Scholl, Jr 

John Richard Scott 




St. Ignace 




.Seoul, Korea 

.Dayton, Ohio 

Royal Oak 



Robert Eugene Shepherd — 
♦Robert Wesley Sloan .. 

.Allen Park 

Gordon Clyde Smith 

♦Kenneth Jack Smith 

fPatricia Joy Smith 

♦Ralph Donald Springfield 

fCarol Orrine Stephens 

fCarolyn Ann Taylor 

.Hamilton, Ohio 



.Big Rapids 

-Garden Qty 

♦Catherine Emilia Tilson, cum laude 

♦William Franklin Tracy 

tRosemary B. Van Meer, cum laude 

♦Robert Lee Wallace ^ 

fRIchord Lee Watterworth 

♦Robert Jay Watterworth 

fJoan Laurie Weber 

fLols Kay Welberry 

Elgin, Illinois 




♦Nancy Lou Weldy, cum laude 

♦Michela Merrie Wilcox 



— Caseville 




^West Branch 

♦Lotus Dee WItham Lapeer 

fShirley Crawford Wolfe . Alma 

Robert Hugo Woods Alma 

♦David Karl Zittel Pontlac 


degrees conferred 

bochelor of science 

*Paula Elaine Bare^ summa cum la$tde 

Kenneth Floyd Bennett 

John Eber DeG>u, Jr. 

Una Ruth Edwards, cum laude Batavia, Ohio 

Thomas Kay Elliott Alma 

*Wallace James Frank Alma 


Bay City 

Orchard Lake 

Joseph Paul Glendenning 
Lynn Harold Hahn 

Colvln Merritt leavy, cum laude 

David Russell McGlnnis 





*Donald Edward Miller, cum laude Flint 

*Charles L Morrison Detroit 

*Ricka Roe Oakes Breckenridge 

Frederick George Schmidt, summa cum laude.. Saginaw 

Jerry Robert Schubel, ^ magna cum laude Port Austin 

Theodore L. Smith Sand Lake 

William Frederick Stanley, Jr Pleasant Ridge 

Arvid Thayre Talcott Newberry 

Thomas Allen Weeber 
Roy Stuart Young — 

.Grand Rapids 
.Harbor Beach 

bochalor of music education 

fMarieta llene Aumaugher 

*Leona Lanshaw Earegood 

tJohn Philip Vance 

*Alan Eugene Watterworth 





Degrees to be conferred upon successful completion of additional work in 
the summer of 1957. 

Valerie Jane Bonz, Bachelor of Arts Onaway 

(Degree conferred August 27, 1957) 

*James Anthony Monos, Bachelor of Arts Detroit 

fDorothy Mae Snyder, Bachelor of Arts, cum laude Alma 

(Degree conferred August 7, 1957) 

senior cioss honors 

Salutatorian . 

Barlow Trophy 

University of Michigan Scholarship 

*Secondary Provisional Certificate 
fElementary Provisional Certificate 

Paula Elaine Bare 

Mary Margaret Johnson 
Paula Elaine Bare 

Jerry Robert Schubel 


1957-1958 register of students 


Classification of Students 

Students are dcotified in the catalogue as of the second semester. To be classified as a senior 
a student must have earned a minimum of 103 credits and be enrolled for such classes as will 
allow him to be graduated in June. Juniors must hove earned 70 credits; sophomores 40 
credits; first year students carrying the regular course of twelve or more hours are classified as 
freshmen; students carrying less than twelve hours of regubr college work ore classified as 
special students. During the fall semester the minimum requirements for the three classes ore: 
seniors 86, juniors 56, and sophomores 24. 

Andreosen, Horry 
Arrick, George ._ 
Asiyn, Duone — 
Atkins, Robert — 
Ayling, Richard _. 
Beck, Mary Jane _ 
Bierley, Robert — 

Blanck, Carol 

Bova, Henry 

Boyce, Marie 

Brisbois, Bernard 

Brunelle, Goylord 

Burns, Alecia 

Butterbach, Richard ... 

Carter, George 

Choate, Woodrow — 

Coe, Joseph 

Colby, Shirley 

Conlin, Thomas — 
Cordes, Spencer ^ 
Coubrough, Isabel 
Cross, Mary Lou — 
Dawson, Bruce — 
De Young, Robert _ 
Ekkens, Conrad — 
Elliott, James 

Elowsky, Wayne 

Fox, James 

Frabutt, Sandra 

Gibbard, Kenneth 

Glennon, William 

Goutis, Christ 

Hag ley, Mary Ann 

Hahn, Delbert 

Hail, Carl 

Hannah, Margaret 
Hecht, William _. 


.Royal Oak Hoerouf, Kenneth 




^St. Johns 


.-Garden City 



..^llen Park 



.Three Rivers 
.-South Lyon 



-Center Line 

JM. Pleasant 


Boy City 






.Chicago, III. 




St. Clair Shores 

^White Cloud 


Hempstead, James _ 

Henderson, Douglas — Redondo Beach, Calif. 

Heusel, Elsie Saline 

Hill, Robert Roseville 

Hobort, John 

Hobeck, Morjorie -. 


Hollingsworth, Lee 
Immer, Alice 

immer, Frederick .. 
Isherwood, Marion 

Jensen, Peter 

Johnson, Darwin 

Johnson, Thomas 

Juilleret, Judith 

Kaselou, Ronald 

Kerby, Janet 

King, William 

Kiska, Walter 

Laidler, Keith 

Undsey, Joseph 

Lude, Ronald 

Mognuson, Kenneth 

Maneese, Margaret 

Morkham, Sandra 

McClure Elsie 

McDowell, Wayne 

Meggert, Kenneth 

Messman, Jacob 

Molyneux, Jean 

Moore, Richard 

Moreen, Phyllis 

Mountjoy, Brian 

Mrofka, Jerry 

Munseil, LaDeono 

Nicholas, David 

Nittis, Jacqueline 

Nonhof, Patricio 

Nowko, James 

Orr, Jim 

Osborn, John 

Osborne, Janet 

Passenger, Edward 

Pike, William 

Pitts, Edward 

Prescott, William 
Rathje, Dorothy 
Reavey, Ann 

.Royal Oak 




>lazel Pork 

.Harbor Springs 



.Walled Lake 











St. Louis 

.Chloigo, III. 






.West Branch 



.St. Helen 




Richards, Sue Ann _. 

>llen Park 



Ruggles« Robert 

Shook, Ralph 

ShoolC Stuart 

Smith, Wendy 

Snyder, Gaylord _ 
Sowers, Patricia — 
Sturner, Joanne — 
Sutherland, Gail — 





.Royal Oak 

Mt. Clemens 

Taylor, Barbara _ 

Turner, Harold 

Van Paris, Robert . 

White, Robert 

Wilcox, John 

Wittenberg, James 

Woodland, William .. 
Woodruff, Leslie 




-West Branch 
..Three Rivers 



Acton, Jack 

Anderson, William 
Aslyn, Doris 



Center Line 

Aughenbaugh, Charles Orchard Lake 

Earner, Donald Traverse City 

Beordsley, Sharon Lapeer 

Beck, Benson Ithaca 

Beltz, Charles Grosse Pointe 

Bluck, Thomas Alpena 

Boerma, Marvin Lee Spring Lake 

Bollinger, Palmer Birmingham 

Bousquette, Louise Detroit 

Butler, Robin Ithaca 

Cadwell, David _ Roscommon 

Contrell, Dolton Battle Creek 

Church, Lynn Alma 

Clark, Gary Livonia 

Collier, Dennis Stockbridge 

Cowles, Deonno Dearborn 

Dice, George Saginaw 

Dittenber, Arthur AAldland 



Donnelly, Joan 

Dyke, Roger 

Eicholtz, Beverly 

Elbers, Charles 

Emmert, Robert 

Erickson, Frances 

Essen mocher, Larry 

Forrell, Bruce 

Forbes, Jock 

Foster, Patricia 

Frobutt, Donald 

Freeman, Robert 

Freeman, Thomas 

Fuerstenau, William — 

Fulcher, Ronald 

Gombino, Samuel 

Garner, John 





Bod Axe 




.St. Louis 







Glar, Jacquie 

Gillow, William 

Goodin, Raymond Rogers City 

Gray, Leroy Pentwater 

Haesler, Douglas Hazel Park 

Hohn, Gall Hazel Pork 

Harper, Kenneth Roseville 

Harris, Barbara Grand Rapids 

Harris, John E. Alma 

Hawley, Ruth 

Hazzord, David 

Heuschele, Richard 

Hill, Herman 

Hill, Ronald 

Hog berg, David 

Hubel, Carol 

Hunt, Terry 

Hutson, Robert 

Jokubiszen, Dan 

Jensen, Everett 

Johnson, Nancy 

Johnston, George 

Johnstone, Bruce 

Jones, Fred 

Jones, William 

Kauffman, Patrick 

Klenk, William 

Knowles, Terry 

Kohler, Marlene 

Kolberg, James 

Kresin, James 













.Auburn, N. Y. 

— Rochester 

White Pigeon 




Birch Run 

Kunik, Michael 

Lake, Dale 

Large, Carl 

Lausee, Kyle 

Lee, Kel An 

Leonard, Michael ... 
Lewis, Charles 

— ^Wyandotte 





Libkuman, Richard 
Ludtke, Robert 

MacLeod, Dorothy ~. 

Martin, Clessin 

Marzolf, Richard 

McKenney, Robert 

McLeod, Margaret 

.Seoul, Korea 

Lake City 





-St. Louis 



McQueen, Elizabeth 

Miller, Patricia 

Miller, Harold 

Moon, John 

Morrison, Clarke 

Mousseou, Ernest 

Myers, John 

Nichol, Jerry 

Nolan, Keith 

Ogawa, Jane Honolulu, Hawaii 

Okon, Helen Auburn 





Grosse Pointe 




__jMlen Park 



O'Leary, William 

Olson, Helen 

Orr, Beverly 

Pageau, Carol 

Parsons, Ronnie 

Plater, William 

Postma, Wesley 

Pugh, William 

Randall, Bradley 

Reed, Bruce 



>llen Park 

Rhodes, Robert ^ 
Richards, S\t9 H. 
Ridder, $ve 

Roe, Joteph 

Roman, Alble 

Rose, Bruce 

Rowland, James . 
Solcoll, Daniel _ 
Shaft, Laurolee . 
Sinclair, Donald 

Smith, Jasper 

Snyder, Ekirbara 
Snyder, Gordon 
So, Hung Yul 


.Grosse Polnte Forms 



Solgat, Clement 

Stirling, Geroldine _. 










.Traverse City 
.Toegu, Korea 



Stolz, Ronold 

Stolz, Stanley 

Stringhom, James — 

Stromberg, Nan 

Sundeck, Eric 

Sutherland, Lloyd .. 

Sweeney, Patricia 

Thorne, William 

Uirich, Richard 




.New Baltimore 




-Sallnevllle, Ohio 

Royal Oak 


VandeGiessen, Ronald 

Vinciguerro, Richard Auburn, N. Y. 

Wallgren, Wlllard Saginaw 

Walton, Charlene Grand Rapids 

Ward, Gorman Rosevlll« 

Watson, Robert Port Huron 

Watterworth, Glenn Cosevllle 

Williams, Margaret 
Wilson, Alfred 

Grand Haven 


Wilson, Patricio Royal Oak 

Wilson, Ronald Ionia 

Wood, Carolyn Saginaw 

Wright, Beverly Detroit 

York, William 

Zahrt, Walter -. 

Zampich, Charles 

.Three Rivers 




Abbey, Janice 

Alexander, Undo ... 

Allen, Daniel 

Allen, Donald 

Allen, Donna 

Andreoulos, Evangelos 

Arft, Judy 

Arnold, Oro 

Aubertin, Elizabeth 

Baker, Charles 

Bortlett, Douglas 

Bartlett, Myrno 

Bortold, Audrey ... 

Beauchamp, Bill 

Bell, Marilyn 

Beltor, Monroe 

Belleville, Gory ... 

Betts, William 

Blough, Sheilla 

Bond, Barbara — 
Bowen, William _. 

Boyd, Solly 

Brady, Patrick _. . 
Brindle, Michael _ 
Brtetot, Susonne .. 
Brown, Robert E. 

Bryant, David 

Bumpus, Charles ~. 
Burchett, Kenneth 
Burney, Ralph — 

— Almo 


-Athens, Greece 






.South Lyon 




.St. Clolr Shores 
— . Detroit 

Auburn, N. Y. 


.Center Line 

Bloomfleld Hills 





Grosse Polnte Woods 


.Center Une 

Hamilton, Ohio 

Busby, Barbara 
Bush, Henry 


Calhoun, Kothryn 
Callahan, David . 
Corey, Calvin 

Carpenter, Theresa -. 
Castetter, Edward ... .. 

Cowrse, Sondra 

Chapman, Joan 

Cordes, Karen 

Clark, Robert J. 

Cobb, George 

Colbry, Richard 

Cotter, Robert 

Crone, Diane 








Crothers, Richard 
Cuelior, Myrtle ~ 

Dasef, Joan 

Dean, Fraser 

DeLuoa, Joyce 

DeYoung, Rodney 
Edgar, Susan 

Eldred Judith 

Elliott, David 

Engelhordt, Sally 

Erber, Nancy 

Evans, Ronald 




.-St. Louis 

.Grand Rapids 

Center Line 

.Big Rapids 

.Grosse Polnte 

— Ellsworth 

Forrlngton, Susan . 
Foshbaugh, Nancy 
Fuentes, Roy 

.Center Line 



-Boyne City 


Paw Paw 


— Sandusky 



Fulton, I>onald . 
Gobi*, Charles . 
Galmore, Martha 
Gehman, Carole . 
Gardner, Bruce _ 

G«ttsl, Janet 

Giih, Steve 


Goecker^ Louis ~ 
Goodenow, John. 
Gould, Genevro ~ 
Grainger, David . 

...East Jordan 





Haas, Beverly _ 
Hahn, Gordon . 
Hanchett, Rfehord 
Handy, Marilene 

Harris, Frank 

Hart, John 


..West Brandi 




.Big Rapids 



Hedlund, Joan 

Hemlnger, Jodc 

Higley, Anne 

Hip^ell, Vernon — ~. 
Hopson, Nancy 


.Shlpshewono, Ind. 



Hostetter, Margaret .. 

Hradsky, Robert 

Hubbard, David 

Hutdiins, Kenneth — 
Janssen, Elizabeth 

.Harbor Beach 



Royal Oak 

West Branch 


Jayne, Algernon Remsenburg, N. Y. 

Johnson, Bruce Birmingham 

Johnson, Richard East Jordan 

Johnson, Roger Clorkston 

Kaper, Terry Hamilton 

Kemerer, Barbara Saginaw 

Kinder, Paul Dearborn 

Kinner, David Livonia 

Knapp, Dallas Fraser 

Korn, Judith ^WyondoWe 

Kutch, Rfehord — 
Longford, Eorllne . 
Langrldge, Connie 

Lawrle, James 

Lehmon, Patrldo ~ 
LIppert, Marilyn _ 
Mottloe, Margo — 
Moxson, Jerry — 
MeColl, Mory 




MeClure, Jean 

McCultey, Jock 

McKenzle, Marianne 

McMonus, James 

Mehrhof, Donald — 

Mefcolf, Betty 

Mlchoeb, Jere 

Miller, Charles 

Miller, James 









.«. -Detroit 

Montgomery, Kay 
Morton, Gory _ 

Mosher, Paul 

Mueller, Eugene 

-Spring Lake 
-.Royal Oak 



Murray, Ronald 

.Berrien Center 



Murton, David 

Myers, Donald 

Needhom, Keith 

Norman, Charles 

Oakley, Barbara 

O'Brien, Morris 

Olson, Nels 

Orr, Dennis 


.Augusta, Go. 



Pope, Gerald 

Poppin, Dean 

Passenger, Mary Lou 
Poterro, Dominic — 

Potton, Norma 

Perry, Thomas 

St. Louis 


_.West Branch 





New Baltimore 

Grosse Polnte 

Plutschuck, James St. Clolr Shores 

Powell, William Lalngsburg 

Preston, Lorna Morlette 

Price, Aledo Hemlock 

Proctor, David — Livonia 

Pyle, James Monroe 

Rankin, Bill Dearborn 



Redman, Nancy 

Reid, David 

Rennell, James 
Robb, Robert . 
Ross, Susan 

Russell, Diane 

Russell, Nancy 

Solo, Grace 

Sanders, Charles — 

Sonsom, Thomas 

Soxton, Ferris 

Schuetz, Janet 

Sechrlst, Geroldlne 

Shepherd, Bornette . 

Shier, Katheryn 

Sickelsteel, Stanley 




..Grosse Polnte 
.-Morion, Ind. 

.Orchard Lake 



Chicago, III. 



—Howard City 

Slevev^Ight, Robert Royal Oak 

Simpklns, Carl Detroit 

Sinclair, Ronald Detroit 

Singh, Prolm .Trinidad, B.W.I. 

Smith, Everett -Alpena 

Smith, Robert D. Vossor 

Smith, Ronald Plymouth 

Smith, Solly Howell 

Stacy, Carl Alma 

Stanley, Martha 
Stevens, Allen 
Stocklin, Shirley 
Stowe, Michael 
Taber, Thomas . 
Taylor, Lois 

.Pleasant Ridge 

Grand Haven 


St. Clair Shores 

Thompson, Lawrence Clowson 

Tlnsey, Henry Port Hope 

Tyrrell, Allison St. Clair Shores 

Ulch, Margaret Fenton 

Vailloncour, Thomas Fenton 

Vosko, Patrldo Flint 

Watson, Mary Lou .. 
Welnburger, Robert 
Wendlandt, Beverly 


.South Lyon 



Westerberg, Carl 
Westhauser, Bill . 

Wldrlg, Anna 

Wilson, Dennis 

Wilson, Terence 


.Auburn, N. Y. 

Wollard, Robert 

Worm, Donald 

Wright, Edward 

Young, Deneen 



Abbott, Roy Von Dyke 

Abernethy, Sue Midland 

Acton, Cicero Birmingham 

Adkins, Spencer Detroit 

Ahrens, Noreen Livonia 

Aitkenheod, James Detroit 

Alspaugh, Freido Atlanta 

Anderson, Carl Wayne 

Armsteod, Corlta Lake City 

Armsteod, Anita Lake City 

Asmus, Thomas Grosse Pointe 

Baker, George Parma 

Bonks, Oliver .Turner 

Barnard, Fred Saginaw 

Borr, Thomas Detroit 

Bortlett, Linda St. Louis 

Barton, Robert St. Clair Shores 

Bossett, Sandra Dearborn 

Bastion, Don Birmingham 

Boughman, Jean Deckervllle 

Bay, Sally Ontonagon 

Beam, Karen Birmingham 

Beedell, Joy Bloomfield Hills 

Biggs, Thomas Detroit 

Bilby, James .Cadillac 

Blonck, Kothryn Alma 

Blossom, Mark Vossor 

Bond, Barbara J. Ferndole 

Booth, Catherine Birmingham 

Botto, Alan Pottstown, Pa. 

Breidlnger, Lorry Alma 

Brocklehurst, Gordon Detroit 

Brunelle, Karen Allen Pork 

Bryan, Richard Hazel Pork 

Buck, Lillian Royal Oak 

Buckler, Jock New Buffalo 

Burlew, Alan Midland 

Colder, Charles Dearborn 

Carpenter, Carolyn Plymouth 

Carter, Douglas Detroit 

Catoline, Robert Holt 

Chorlesworth, Beverly Royal Oak 

Chisholm, Danice St. Clair Shores 

Church, Joan Alma 

Cloy, Kenneth Detroit 

Clink, Howard Flint 

Coleman, Madeline Madison Heights 

Colingsworth, Roscoe Kalamazoo 

Cooper, Julio Pontlac 

Cordes, Mary Ann .Midland 

Cox, Gory ..Alma 


Center Line 


Garden City 

Orchard Lake 

Crawmer, Korln Detroit 

Crick, Elizabeth Livonia 

D'Arcy, Donna 

Dorlok, Richard 

Davis, Philip 

Dawson, Beverly 

Decoteau, Betty 

DeHarde, Dole Highland Park 

Delovan, James Alma 

Denn, James —Alma 

Dent, Martha Bay City 

DeRushIa, David Alma 

Dettmer, Roy Grosse Pointe Woods 

DeVries, George Lowell 

Dewey, Don Alma 

Duff, Sharon St. Clair Shores 

Dugan, Albert Plainwell 

Ebert, David Birmingham 

Ebright, Terry Boy City 

St. Louis 




Sag ino w 



...... „ , , , A og 




Royal Oak 





Ebright, Wilford 

Ederer, Ralph 

Edgar, George 

Eldred, David 

Ellsworth, Harold 

Emrick, Judith 

Erickson, Son jo 

Fase, Leonard 

Faupel, Myrno 

Fee, Knight 

Fernstrum, Corlene .. 

Fetzer, Judith 

Finnegon, David 

Fieminger, Judith ... 
Fletcher, Ralph 

Flynn, Gerald 

Fotkman, Janet 

Fowler, Robert 

Fox, Thomas 

Mt. Clemens 

.St. Clair Shores 


Foyteck, Douglas 

Fredenburg, Phillip 

Frevel, Kurt Midland 

Gay, Judith Coleman 

Geotches, Donald St. Clair Shores 

Geyer, Gloria Fronkenmuth 

Gibson, Mervyn Garden City 

Gllllg, James Royal Oak 

Goetz, Janet Reese 

Gould, Beverly East Detroit 

Graham, Raymond Soglnow 

Gray, Nancy Hillsdale 

Hording, Ronald Kalamazoo 



Harrington, Janet Berkley 

Harrington, John Midland 

Harris^ Joe .Madison Heights 

Hasty, Norman Detroit 

Heathcock, John Ithaca 

Heborlein, Paul .Center Line 

Henry, Marilyn Holly 

Heringshausen, Dennis Alpena 

Hileman, Alan Ecorse 

Hiilman, Lynne Fenton 

Hobort, Kendall Unionvllle 

Hobson, James Flint 

Hoerauf, Bonnie Frankenmuth 

Hollingsworth, Edward Pinckney 

Holmes, Doris Schoolo-oft 

Horton, William ^Vestoburg 

Hovforth, Janice Northvllle 

Howe, Hadley St. Clair Shores 

Hull, Constance Carson City 

Humphrey, Donald Alma 

Humphreys, Charles Grand Rapids 

Hurosky, John Alma 

Hutton, Kathryn LaPorte, Indiana 

lacobell, Peter Grosse Pointe 

Ivan, Michael Midland 

Jackola, Carolyn Highland Park 

Jacobson, Carl Saginaw 

Jamieson, Thomas ^Wayne 

Jessop, Richard Royal Oak 

Johnston, William Lake Orion 

Karp, James Reese 

Karukas, Rosalie Wayne 

Kaufman, Ruth Alma 

Keevil, George Birmingham 

Kennedy, William Metamora 

Kent, Sally Ashley 

Keyes, Carolyn St. Clair Shores 

King, Christine Marysvllle 

King, Kay ^Igonac 

Kinkema, Ruth Grand Haven 

Kintz, Michael Atwater, Ohio 

Kirkpatrick, Harold Glens Falls, N. Y. 

KIrkpatrick, John Glens Falls, N. Y. 

Kteinhans, Sharon Midland 

Knaggs, Donald Lincoln Park 

Krueger, Leonard Melvlndale 

Lesjack, John East Detroit 

Libbing, Frederick Plymouth 

Ling I, Tony Wyandotte 

Little, Stuart Cass City 

Lokers, Judith Zeeland 

Loomis, Barbora Auburn, N. Y. 

Lowe, Larry Charlotte 

Lynn, James Bay Qty 

MacKenzie, Ronald Detroit 

MacLeod, Duncan Detroit 

Malott, Nancy Royal Oak 

Martin, Allan -Boyne City 

Motson, Larry Detroit 

McAnalien, Kathleen Alma 

McDonald, Robert Ferndale 

McDougall, Stewart Detroit 

McDowell, Paul Detroit 

McGuire, John Hastings 

McHugh, Lynne Alma 

McKenna, Janette Chicago, Illinois 

McMahon, George .St. Louis 

McMahon, Robert Saginaw 

McMenamIn, Ronald Detroit 

Melstrom, Paul Pleasant Ridge 

MIkulas, Judith Lothrup 

Miller, Carol Dearborn 

Mills, Suzanne Mason 

Mitchell, Kay .Alma 

Mitchener, June Niles 

Molyneaux, Charles Grosse Pointe 

Moore, Suzanne Flint 

Mortimer, Elsie Bloomfield Hills 

Murray, Kathleen Birmingham 

Murton, Mary Harrison 

Nash, John Lowell 

Neumann, Robert Marlette 

Nittis, Euripides Stenl, Cyprus 

Noffke, Frederick Middleville 

Norris, Jerry Saginaw 

Norris, Robert Detroit 

Northrup, James St. Louis 

Nussdorifer, David Lansing 

Nyland, Gwen Ionia 

Odie, Don Roger Franklin 

Onapu, Mary Frankenmuth 

Orihel, Michael Merrill 

Ostlund, Leroy Traverse City 

Otto, Joyce McBride 

Palmer, Prisciila Parma 

Pope, Loretta Bloomfield Hills 

Parker, George Ann Arbor 

Parrott, Jean Cass City 

Peace, John Detroit 

Peach, Evelyn St. Louis 

Peacock, Sheila Flint 

Peirce, Robert Benton Harbor 

Peters, David Rochester 

Petryna, David Detroit 

Phillips, Diane Alma 

Pickel, Russell >Auskegon 

Pipe, Marilyn Royal Oak 

Pollard, Fred Marysvllle 

Porras, Gonzolo Borqulsimeto, Venezuela 

Potter, Lenoro _..Holt 

Radford, Beverly .St. Clair Shores 

Raducha, John Ithaca 

Raker, Nancy Erie 

Rawn, Edwin Riverdole 

Raymond, Anne .West Branch 

Re if, Carol Reese 

Reish, Daniel Midland 

Ringe, Peggy Detroit 

Root, Gayle Deckervllle 

Roper, Paul Detroit 

Rose, Eric Pinckney 

Rosebrook, James Rochester 



Rowe« Ronald Lincoln Park 

Rowland, Barbara .Wyandotte 

Ruger, Stanloy Dotrolt 

Rutton, Joyco Detroit 

Ryan, Mork Bad Axe 

Saint, Jean Detroit 

Salathiel, Lyndon Pontlac 

Sandere, Thomas Stanton 

Sarkozy, Robert Detroit 

Schallhorn, Elizabeth Saginaw 

Schmitzer, Eugene ^Saglnow 

Schuiz, Fritz Sao Paulo, Brazil 

Schwalm, David Mt. Clemens 

Shaw, Sandra Bay City 

Shilson, William Detroit 

Slever, Alfred Grosse Pointe 

Slates, Robert Alma 

Smiarowski, John Centereach, N. Y. 

Smith, David I .Charlotte 

Smith, Robert J. Kalamazoo 

Smith, Stanley ^Charlotte 

Smith, Temple Holt 

Spriggs, Susan Detroit 

Stegner, Margaret Detroit 

Stewart, Luther Vossar 

Strochan, Sandra Ionia 

Streadwick, Robert Goylord 

Stremich, Thomas Plymouth 

Strong, Terry Ithaca 

Sullivan, Michael __Alma 

Sweeney, Donna Detroit 

Tarrant, Walter Penton 

Tarte, Robert Saginaw 

Taylor, William 

Thibedeau, Nancy 

Thompson^ Evelyn 

Tucker, derald 

Turner, Robert 

Tyo, Alfred 

VanCura, Carolyn 

VanderHort, Gerald 

Vltek, Horry 

Vogon, Nancy 

Walter, Judith 

Boyne City 


^Cass City 

Spring Lake 



Wandt, Ronald 

Watkins, Joseph 

Watson, Diane 

Watts, James 

Weber, A. Gall 

Wedler, Judith 

Weigle, Theodore 
Welgold, Judith - 
Weiss, Barbara _ 

.Grosse Pointe 

St, Johns 


.St. Clair Shores 
— — ........Aigonac 

.Mt. Clemens 

.i(Aechanicville, N. Y. 
...Groise Pointe Park 


Werner, Solly — Saginaw 

White, James Boy City 

Wilson, Charles , ^Wyandotte 

Wilson, William .St. Loub 

Wood, Margaret Detroit 

East Jordan 

.^ Alma 


Woodcock, Forest 
Woods, Thell 

Worton, Judith 

Wright, Howard 

Wright, Lynn 

Yoe, Henry 

Young, Mary Anne 

Zimmerman, Joseph — 



St. Clair Shores 

._^uburn, N. Y. 

Traverse City 

Burrows, George .. 
DeYoung, Noreen 
Dicks, Lorno 

Frank, Wallace 

Humphrey, Patricia ~. 

Martin, Maurice 

Mosier, Joe 

Musser, John 

Nichols, Geraldlne 
Paterro, Marilyn ^ 


. .. Alma 








.Mih^mukee, Wisconsin 

Phillips, Ruth .. 
Potter, Merrill _ 
Randall, Betty _ 
Sanders, Jerold 
Scott, John — 

Singer, David 

Smith, David P. 

Steinweg, Virginia ~. 
Venden, Leonard 




...St. Louis 




C^ar Lake 

Cedar Lake 


music students 


P Piano 

JP Junior Piano 

SP Special Piano 

V Voice 

I Instrument 

O — — Organ 

Anderson, Lucille 
Battles, Betsy — 

Bilb, Mrs. Walter ^ 

Chapin, Norma 

Clark, Diane 

Cre^, Richard 

Davies, Elizabeth ~ 
Oavles, Sue 
Dayringer, Corron 
Eyer, David 

Eyeo Phyllis 

Ooggin, Danny — 

Haskett, Judy 

Hayward, Dorothy 
Hayword, Walter . 
Hogon, Elizabeth . 

Hogon, VIncen 

Uppert, Sherry 

McCarthy, Linda . 

McCarthy, Sue 

McClure, Krlsty 

McCullagh, Mary . 
Marnitz, Douglas . 
Mernitz# Marilyn . 

P Alma 

-JP /Uma 

-P Ithaca 

-SP Coleman 

.V Ashley 

_P _>lma 

..P _^lma 

-JP Alma 

_V Alma 

^.V Ithaca 

-JP Alma 

— JP Alma 

-..P _Alma 

--JP Alma 

-JP Alma 

—JP ■ Alma 

™V Corson City 

--V Corson City 

— P Alma 

— JP Alma 

-JP Alma 

— JP -.- Alma 

-..P Alma 

.-JP Alma 

..JP Alma 

Merritt, John IP 

Molyneux, Judy P . 

Molyneux, Mary P . 

Remsberg, Barbara ..P . 

h4e8en, Scott JP 

Sensobough, Nancy ..P . 

Simon, Susan JP 

Simon, Mrs. Ben O 

Studer, Carl P 

Sullivan, Clare JP 

Swonson, Marie i ... 

Tedhams, Karen P . 

TeflPt, Carolyn JP 

Tefft, Patricio JP 

Tefft, Ruthonn P . 

Thompson, Karen JP 

Thompson, Richard P . 

Thrush, Carolyn V . 

VondenBosch, Sue JP 

VanMeer, Gretchen .-V 

Voss, Karen IP 

Wilson, Ann __-V 

Wright, Joanne ^V 

Yale, Julie IP 


.. — _■■ — Alma 







■ Almo 

.... ......Alma 




Zimmerman, Kenneth .V 

.St. Louis 




summary of enrollment 


Men Women Total 

Seniors 69 33 102 

Juniors 1 09 36 1 45 

Sophomores 1 16 7S 191 

Freshmen 177 113 290 

TOTAL 471 257 728 

Special 11 8 19 

Music 12 38 50 

NET TOTAL 494 303 797 




Academic Information .45-60 

Policies 45-50 

Academic Load, Maximum and Minimum ..45 

Accreditation 22 

Activities and Organizations 37-40 

Activity Unit Credits 39,40 

Administrative Staff 1 1 

Admission Requirements 25-27 

Application for Admission 26 

Advanced Standing 26,27 

Foreign Students 27 

Advanced Standing -. 26,27 

Advisers of Students 41 

Alumni Association 10 

Art, Courses in 62-63 

Astronomy, Courses in ^64 

Athletics 38,97 

Attendance .48 

Auditing of Courses 45 

Automobiles 44 

Bachelor of Arts Degree 50 

Bachelor of Music Education Degree 50 

Bachelor of Science Degree 50 

Barlow Trophy 34,115 

Biology, Courses in .64-66 

Board and Room 28, 35-36 

Boards of Trustees 6-8 

Board of Trustees, Committees of 8 

Buildings 23,24 

Business Administration, Courses In 67-69 

Calendar 3 

Campus Description 20,23,24 

Campus Life 35-44 

Certification Requirements 57,58,60,76 

Chapel Requirements 52 

Chemistry, Courses in 71-73 

Clossification of Students 50,116 

Clubs 39 

Correspondence Credit 49 

Counseling 4 1 ^2 

CourMs of Instruction _ 61-111 

Credit Hour, Definition of — .45 

Degrees Conferred, 1957 112-115 

Degrees Offered, B^., B.S., B.M.E. 50 

Deposits 28,29 

Dining Hall 23,36 

Dismissal 47 

Dormitories (See Residence Halls and 

Economio, Courses in 



Education, Courses In 76-79 

Elementary Education, Suggested Cur- 

rlcu lum 58 

Elementary Provisional Certificate 58,76 

Eligibility 48 

MIAA competition 48 

Fratern ities 48 

Sororities .48 

Employment, Student 35 

Engineering Drawing 91 

English, Courses in 80-82 

Enrollment Summary, 1957-1958 124 

Entrance Requirements 25-27 

Examinations ^48,49 

Expenses 28,29 





Faculty Committees 

Faculty Personnel 

Faculty, Emeriti 


Foreign Students, Admission of 27 

Counseling ^43 

Fraternities 38 

French, Courses In 83 

Freshman, First Year Courses 

Freshman Orientation 

General Studies 

Geology, Course In 

German, Courses in 



Graduation Requirements 


Greek, Courses In 

Health Service 




History, Courses in 

History of the College 

Home Economics, Courses In _ 
Honor Points 






Honor Societies 





.50,1 15 


For Men 

For Women 


Humanities Course 

Insurance, Student (Accident and 

Laboratory Fees