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Flue PresfeyCMai ftospia 

tke City (yy ©kicagcy 



Chicago, 111. 

January, 1938 

Vol. 30, No. 1 

Intern and Resident Staff of the Presbyterian Hospital, 1937 

This number of our Bulletin is dedicated to the Interns and Residents, past and present, who have 
received training in the Presbyterian Hospital from the time the institution opened in 1884. Twenty-eight 
members of the 1937 Intern and Resident staff appear in the above picture. Nine others, whose duties to 
patients prevented them from being photographed with the above group appear in a picture shown on Page 5. 
Twenty-six Interns and 13 post-graduate Residents comprise our 1938 House Staff. 

Front row, left to right — Paul C. Doehring, Jr., Rex B. Palmer, Roland Lincoln Kesler, Clarence A. 
Darnell, S. W. Hughes, Mr. Asa S. Bacon, Superintendent of the Hospital; Michael O'Heeron, Andrew J. 
Weiss, Albe M. Watkins and John E. Tysell. 

Second row, left to right — Donald A. McCannel, Charles A. Barnes, T. Wilson McVety, Robert A. 
Orr, Ann Huizinga, Joe R. Brown, Nathan C. Plimpton, Richard D. Pettit, Chester H. Waters, and J. 
John Westra. 

Top row, left to right — Willard G. Thurston, George A. Nicola, Henry E. Wilson, Fred Jensen, 
Arch S. Morrow, Francis M. Lyle, Thomas W. Reul, Robert T. Bandi and Francis J. Phillips. 


Distinguished Names Listed 

Include Those of Five 

College Deans 

Founded as a teaching institution, 
affiliated with Illinois 1 oldest medical 
school, the Presbyterian Hospital of the 
City of Chicago has provided intensive 
training to more than 650 interns 
since it first opened its doors to patients 
in the late summer of 1884. In addition, 
postgraduate training in various medical 
and surgical specialties has been afforded 
to several score who have served as resi- 
dent doctors; while hundreds of Rush 
Medical College students have had op- 
portunities for clinical study in the hos- 
pital. Others, not listed as members of 
the regular intern staff, have received 
training as assistants to attending staff 
men or through special appointments in 
various capacities. 

Many Distinguished Names 

Many distinguished names are found 
on the list of former Presbyterian interns. 
Four are deans of well-known medical 
schools and one is a former dean. Two 
are on the editorial staff of the Journal 
of the American Medical Association. 
No less than 1 3 5 hold teaching positions 
in medical schools. Of these men, 66 are 
on the faculty of Rush Medical College 
and 54 are on the staff of the Presby- 
terian Hospital. Other former interns 
are nationally known as specialists in 
different branches of medicine and sur- 
gery and a large group are filling the in- 
dispensable role of general practitioners, 
in small towns as well as in large cities. 
Several are officers of high rank in Army, 
Navy and the U. S. Public Health Ser- 
vice. Some are in foreign mission fields 
and others have secular medical appoint- 
ments in distant countries. And, indica- 
tive of newer fields for the practitioner, 
one man is a "flight surgeon" for the 
U. S. Bureau of Air Commerce and sev- 
eral Air Lines. 

It would be interesting to be able to 
list those of the same families who in- 
terned in our hospital but available rec- 
ords do not reveal adequate information. 
Notahlc on such a list would appear the 
names of O. T. Roberg and O. Theodore 
Roberg, Jr., father and son, both now on 
the surgical staff of Swedish Covenant 
Hospital in Chicago. Data ahout other 
fathers and sons, brothers, etc. on our 
intern list will be welcomed by the 


(See page 4 for Ke;y to Symbols and 

Lawrence H. Prince — Kiln, Miss (Retired) 

H. W. Sheldon — Unknown 
Alice Mitchell — Unknown 

Externs, 1885-86 
W. B. Marcusson — Deceased 
Adam Emory Kauffman — Lesburg, Fla. (Retir. 

E. J. Mellish — Unknown 
A. J. Ochsner — Deceased 
H. W. Thayer — Unknown 


Edwin S. Detwiler — Unknown 
Charles W. Ward— Unknown 
Martin M. Brown — North Adams, Mass. (S) 

Frank M. Lyman — Deceased 
Harvey A. Tyler — Chicago (G). Chi. Policlinic 

and Hosp. ; House of Good Shepherd 
Albert C. McClanahan — Delta, Colo. 

Charles E. Albright — Milwaukee, Northwestern 
Mutual Life Ins. Co. 

A. C. Godfrey — Deceased 


J. C. Gill — Deceased 

Frank W. Jay — Evanston, 111. (Retired) 

D. Lee Shaw — Deceased 

P. R. Fox- -Deceased 
Charles Ross — Unknown 
T. A. Olney — South Bend, Ind. 
George D. Beach — Unknown 

S. R. Slaymaker — Chicago (I*), Rush; Pres- 
byterian and Washington Blvd. Eiosps. 

L. S. Weeks — Unknown 

B. M. Linnell — Deceased 
S. C. Beach — Deceased 


George B. Joyner — Deceased 

Rudolph W. Holmes- -Chicago (Oh.) Northwest- 
ern Univ. ; I'assavanl Hosp. ; Emeritus, Rush 

John L. Morris — Deceased 

William R. Parkes — Evanston,; 111. (S), Emeritus 
Chief of Surg. Dept.. Evanston Hosp.; Chief 
of Med. Staff, Presbyterian Home 

William J. Butler— Deceased 

John C. Williams — Deceased 

Frank W. Miller Los Angeles (Oplv*) 

Charles Dewey Center — Unknown 

Arthur T. Holbrook— Milwaukee (1*) 
Oliver S. Ormsby -Chicago (!>•). Clin. Prof, 
and Chairman, Dept. of Dermatology, Rush; 

Chief All. Dermatologist, Piesliytorian Hosp. 
Philip Schuyler Doane — Pasadena. Calif. (C-fr) 
Herman S. Judd — Port Stoilaeoom, Wash. 

William C. Witte— Milwaukee 

Henry S. Smith -Cudahy, Wis. (Ind. S) 

J. R. Harvey -Chicago and California — Ci 

M.O.K.C.. U.S.A. (S*) 
Spencer D. Boebe Sparta, Wis. (S) 
William Hay McLain Wheeling W. Va. Publ 

Health Officor 
Morley DaCosta Bates Deceased 
Ellsworth D. Whiting Deceased 
Walter E. Kaser Las Vegas, N. M. (T) 

(Continued on Page 4, Col. 3) 




Shortly before the retirement of Dr. 
David W. Graham a group of 40 for- 
mer interns of Presbyterian Hospital 
held a reunion at which he was the guest 
of honor. At that time beloved "Daddy" 
Graham was presented with a handsome 
silver loving cup and those present were 
given an opportunity to express verbally 
their appreciation and gratitude for the 
friendly and inspiring influence of this 
great man. Dr. Rudolph W. Holmes 
(1895) was president and Dr. Carl B. 
Davis (1904) was secretary of this nota- 
ble gathering. 

Dr. Holmes, distinguished Obstetrician 
of Chicago and son of Dr. Edward L. 
Holmes, famous pioneer Ophthalmol- 
ogist, suggests that another reunion is 
due. He writes that the long ago meet- 
ing was such a happy occasion that it 
was agreed to hold further meetings but 
unforeseen circumstances prevented the 
carrying out of the plan. He continues: 

"Some of us believe that we should 
get together for a dinner at a time con- 
venient for the majority; we feel that 
the meeting should be called at the time 
of the June Convocation or early in 
October of this year. Therefore, we 
would strongly urge all who read this 
notice to write at once to the Editor of 
the Presbyterian Hospital Bulletin, ex- 
pressing their wishes on the following 

a. Meeting in June. 

b. Meeting in October. 

c. Shall it be exclusively designed 

for the alumni. 

d. Shall we invite one or more old 

staff members as honored 

e. Suggest first and second choice 

of the old staff. 

f. Shall some sort of testimonial be 

presented to such guests." 
In this connection it may be of inter- 
est to state that the oldest members of 
our staff in years of service are Dr. John 
A. Robison, Dr. James B. Herrick and 
Dr. Arthur Dean Bevan. 

Dr. Charles E. Albright of Milwau- 
kee, 1889-91 Intern; Dr. Harvey A. 
Tyler of Chicago, 1889-90, and Dean- 
David J. Davis, 1907, of the Illinois 
University College of Medicine are 
among the other distinguished ex-interns 
who join with Dr. Holmes in advocating 
a reunion in the near future. 

In his letter Dr. Albright says that 

several reunions were held during the 

first 15 years following the completion 

of his internship which extended from 

(Continued on Page 4, Col. 1) 

C 2 ] 

Germ Theory Termed "Myth"; Asepsis Doubtful 
When First Intern Looked After Patients Here 




By Lawrence H. Prince, M.D. 
I matriculated at Rush Medical College in the fall of 1SS2. Educational require- 
ments were a high school diploma or "its equivalent" 1 and a preceptor's approval. 
Classes were divided into Senior and Juniors. A special diploma of honor was awarded 
to those students taking a three-year course. Credit was allowed students who acted 
as assistants at clinics and in laboratories. The mornings were taken up by didactic 
lectures and the afternoons were given to clinics and lectures. 

Dissecting was then done before the 
era of conditioning the air of the operat- 
ing room and of the subject. The require- 
ments for the course in anatomy were 
for the student to "do" an upper and 
lower in the odorful atmosphere, but I 
also was one of Professor C. T. Parkes' 
prosectors, and a few years later did 
some teaching in the new dissecting 
room. It was during this later period 
that Dr. Parkes did his splendid work on 
100 dogs as described in his work "Gun- 
shot Wounds of the Abdomen." This 
was a very valuable experience for us all. 

At the request of Prof. Ross, I ac- 
cepted the office of temporary intern of 
the newly opened Presbyterian Hospital 
in 1884, at the same time carrying on 
my studies at Rush, attending as many 
lectures and clinics as possible, and pre- 
paring for examinations of the following 
spring. Those early days were so full of 
work, the facilities so inadequate, and 
the hospital organisation so new that the 
one intern spent most of his time, night 
and day, in the institution. We had but 
few medical cases and no obstetrical 
work at all during my stay. As I recall 
there was a staff of eight nurses but I 
cannot remember the number of patients. 
I know, however, that there was no time 
when there were not several cases re- 
quiring many dressings. The dressings 
of those days were of the voluminous 
kind. Abdominal operations were just 
being made and asepsis was being intro- 

Medical students of that time were 
particularly fortunate because of the 
opportunity offered to study the revolu- 
tionary steps from the pre-antiseptic 
days to the anti-septic methods which 
were the beginning of modern aseptic 
surgery. At college I heard both sides 
discussed with enthusiasm. There were 
those who urged "no healing without 
suppuration" and talked of "laudable 
pus," terming the germ theory a "myth." 
On the other side, we heard about "air 
borne germ infection" and other theories 
which have revolutionised surgical tech- 
nique. At that time the carbolic acid 
spray was largely depended upon. 

I remember Dr. J. A. Robison well 
and was much interested in learning that 
he is still on the hospital staff. I recall 
how he set me right on the first dis- 
pensary case he asked me to examine. 

It was supposed to be a heart case, and 
I hastened to ask Dr. Robison to come 
and listen to a remarkable heart murmur 
that I had discovered. He came m a 
hurry, applied the stethescope, then left 
the room, motioning to me to follow. 
When outside the examining room lie 
whispered in my ear "gas in the stom- 
ach." That error of mine and Dr. 
Robison's correction was worth a great 
deal to me thereafter. 

I remember Dr. D. W. Graham very 
well — a fine man and an able surgeon. 
I was pleased to learn that Mrs. Graham 
is still living and active in the interest of 
the hospital. 

To compare the hospital of a half cen- 
tury ago or the work done therein with 
the wonderful hospital of today is sim- 
ply impossible. The same is true as re- 
gards the progress of any of the sciences. 
But it must be remembered that there 
were many men and women of those 
days who were thinkers and workers — 
embryonic leaders of today who did 
wonderful work in establishing realities 
out of their studies so that the hospitals 
and the manufacturers had to hasten 

Immediately following his graduation 
from Rush Medical College in 1885, Dr. 
Lawrence H. Prince, gave up his work 
as intern in the Presbyterian Hospital 
and became one of the five resident 
physicians at the Eastern Hospital for 
the Insane at Kankakee, 111., where he 
remained for two and a half years. He 
then returned to Chicago and assisted 
the late Professor Charles T. Parkes for 
! nearly two years, following which he 
took charge of a private hospital for the 
insane at Batavia, 111., where he remained 
until 1891 when he went to Leipsig, 
Germany, for special post graduate 
study, specializing in the diseases of 
women and children. On his return to 
Chicago in 1893 he engaged in private 
practice and was attending obstetrician 
at Augustana Hospital. 

It was while associated with the late 
Dr. A. J. Ochsner at Augustana Hospi- 
tal in the early nineties, that Dr. Prince 
made an outstanding contribution to the 
advancement of surgery, through his re- 
search work in anesthesia. He conceived 
the idea that the method of administer- 
ing ether could be improved upon and 
with the assistance of Dr. Isabella C. 
Herb, then associated with Dr. Ochsner 
as anesthetist and now head anesthetist 
in the Presbyterian Hospital, succeeded 
in developing the "open drop" method 
of etherization, which made ether in- 
duction much easier for the patient and 
greatly reduced the toxic after-effects. 
The new technique as first demonstrated 
at Augustana Hospital by Dr. Prince 
and Dr. Herb, soon became known to 
other anesthetists and for many years has 
been the universally accepted method. 

In 1898, Dr. Prince became superin- 
tendent of a sanitarium for convalescent 
and mild mental cases at Palmyra, Wis. 
Later he took the position of superin- 
tendent of the State School for Depend- 
ent and Crippled Children at Sparta, 
Wis. and still later became resident 
physician at the Waukesha Springs Sani- 
tarium. He held the latter position for 
ten years until he moved to Kiln, Miss. 
in 193 3, where he now resides in retire- 
ment after a long life of great usefulness 
to many devoted patients. 

their steps in order to keep up. And, in 
another fifty years, what is being done 
today will be looked upon as full of 
mistakes. What we learned from the 
discussions pro and con relative to all 
having to do with surgery, for instance, 
was responsible for many of the remark- 
able things accomplished since I was an 
intern in Presbyterian Hospital. 

i 3 ] 


By Martin M. Brown, M.D. 
North Adams, Mass. 

I wish to thank you for the privilege 
of making a brief contribution to the 
January Bulletin and reviewing some of 
the pleasant associations and experiences 
while serving as intern in the Presby- 
terian Hospital during the years 1888 
and 1889. James Nevin Hyde, A.M., 
M.D., was hospital consultant and our 
highly respected professor in dermatol- 
ogy at Rush Medical College. 

Senior Attending Surgeon David W. 
Graham, A.M., M.D., was pleasant, 
dignified, and a trusted friend to the 
younger members of the profession. Dr. 
Charles T. Parkes commanded the ad- 
miration and respect of all associates and 
with the assistance of our senior House 
Officer, Dr. A. J. Ochsner, was the out- 
standing surgeon of the community. 
While assisting Dr. Parkes in a major 
operation before three hundred students, 
I well remember a deserved criticism. 
He suddenly ceased operating, glanced 
at me and in a loud voice shouted 
"Brown." A profound silence followed, 
"Do one thing at a time, that is all any- 
one can do." 

The Superintendent of the Hospital, 
Dr. H. B. Stehman, was one of the most 
exemplary executives it has been my 
privilege to meet. The chairman of the 
Board of Trustees and world renowned 
philanthropist, Dr. Pearson granted me 
numerous interviews, which are among 
my most cherished memories. While in 
his seventy-third year, he said to me 
"Any man is a fool to die rich with the 
possibility of relatives fighting for his 
money after he is gone." At the time of 
his passing twenty years later, we note 
that his large fortune had been entirely 
given away for educational purposes and 
the uplifting of humanity. 


(Continued from Page 2, Col. 1) 
the fall of 1889 to Apr. 1, 1891. He 
recalls Dr. John A. Robison, only living 
member of the hospital's first Medical 
Staff very well, and states that Dr. James 
B. Herrick and he were in Rush 
Medical College at the same time. Dr. 
Albright is physician for a large insur' 
ance company. 

Dr. Harvey A. Tyler recalls how the 
flu epidemic of 1889 kept him and 
three other interns working day and 
night. Dr. Tyler was for many years 
Professor of Gynecology .it the Chicago 
Policlinic and Hospital, now consolidated 
with Henrotin Hospital. 


In the data published herein about former 
interns, symbols used to designate specialties 
are those used in American Medical Assn. 
directory as follows: 

S — Surgery. 

IndS — Industrial Surgery. 

0b — Obstetrics. 

G — Gynecology. 

Ot)0r- — Obstetrics and Gynecology. 

Or — Orthopedic Surgery. 

Pr — Proctology. 

U— Urology. 

D— Dermatology. 

Oph -Ophthalmology. 

ALR — Otology, Laryngology. Khinology. 

OALR -Ophthalmology, Otology, Laryngol- 
ogy, Khinology. 

Pd— Pediatrics. 

N — Neurology. 

P — Psychiatry. 

NP — Neurology and Psychiatry. 

I* — Internal Medicine. 

T — Tuberculosis. 

Anes — Anesthesia. 

CP — Clinical Pathology. 

R — Roentgenology, Radiology. 

Path — Pathology. 

Bact — Bacteriology. 
A star following the symbol indicates that the 
person listed limits his practice to that specialty. 

Other Abbreviations 

Other abbreviations which may not be 
self-explanatory are: 

S-Oral — Oral Surgery. 

Pharm — Pharmacology. 

G-TJ — Genito-Urinary Surgery. 

Res — Resident on Staff of Hospital listed. 

P-R — Postgraduate. 
Teaching positions in medical schools are 
designated by giving the name of the Univer- 
sity of which the school is a part, except that 
name "Rush" is used to indicate those on the 
faculty of that college, now a part of the 
University of Chicago, while the University 
designation indicates that the person is a 
member of the South Side faculty. 

Hospital staff connections, if known, are 
indicated wherever names of hospitals are in- 
cluded in the data. 

Internship Dates 

From 1884 to 1895, names are listed under 
the fiscal year during which internships began. 
Beginning with 189? and through 1909, the 
listing is under the calendar year in which the 
"term expired" as recorded in Annual Reports. 
From 1909 on the beginning dates only arc 
given for House Staff members in the Annual 
Reports, hence the calendar year in which 
each internship began is the one under which 
the name is classified. 


(Continued from Page 2, Col. 

W. F. S. Heise — Winona, Minn. (&*•) 

John D. Freeman- Deceased 

George T. Ayres Unknown 

George W. Fox — Unknown 

William W. Meloy Chicago 

Alexander F. Stevenson — Chicago (I*). < 

and St. Luke's llosps. ; Kcs. I'hys. I'l 

terian Hosp., 1900-02 

Frank B. Hollenbeck — Unknown 
Frank E. Pierce — Chicago (S*). Loyola I 

Mercv Hosp.; Chief Surg., X.w York 

tnil R.B.. 
Henry Dietrich -Los Angeles (Pd*), Uni 

s. Calif. 
Alfred D. Kohn — Unknown 
Henry J. Deru -Chicago 


Harry W. Horn -Wn 
Harry D. Wiley Gle 
James H. Irwin Ore 
J. P. Sedgwick- -Unl< 
Adrian B. Perkey A 
F. H. Russell -Decea 
Harlow O. Shockley 




Joseph F. Smith — Wausau, Wis. (S); was Res. 

Phys. in Presbyterian Hosp. one year and 

head of X-ray dept. for several years. 

Karl L. Thorsgaard — Chicago. Augustana Hosp. 

Frederick G. Murray — Cedar Rapids, la. 

E. W. Kleinman — Los Angeles 

O. Theodore Roberg — Chicago, Surgeon-In-Chief, 

Swedish Covenant Hosp. 
Wm. Nicholas Senn — Chicago (U) 

P. A. Loomis — Colorado Springs 
L. W. Moore — Unknown 

F. P. Boyd — Unknown 

A. C. Johnson — Unknown 

Leslie Rutherford — Peoria, 111. (I*) 

J. A. McDonald— Unknown 

Paul Oliver — Chicago (S) 

Charles G. Farnum — Peoria, 111. 

Robert Pearsall — Virginia, Minn. 

Robert S. McGaughey — Danville, 111. (I*) 


Rollin T. Woodyatt— Chicago (I*), Rush: Pres- 
byterian Hosp. 

Carl Bernhardi — Unknown 

Frank C. Robinson — Walla Walla, Wash. 

James H. Fowler — Lancaster, Wis. 

Carl Wm. Wahrer — Seymour, la. (S*) 

Hans A. Reinhard — Milwaukee 

Carl B. Davis — Chicago (S*), Rush; Presby- 
terian Hosp. 

John Deans Scouller — Pontiac, 111. (S) 

George H. Kennett — Unknown 


Charles Gilham Davis — Unknown 

George G. Davis — Chicago (S*). Rush; Col. 
M.R.O., U.S.A., Cook County Hosp. 

G. B. Smith — Unknown 

J. G. Hayden — Kansas City (S*). Univ. of Kan. 

C. H. McDonald — Arthur, 111. (not in practice) 

Curtis H. Gephart — Kenosha, Wis. 

G. B. Lenish — Unknown 

Turner B. Smith — Los Angeles (Ind. S) 

George W. Koch — Sioux City, la. (I*) 

J. Frank Waugh — Chicago (D*), Rush; Presby- 
terian Hosp.; Resident Phys., Presbyterian | 

Wilber E. Post — Chicago (T*). Rush; Presby- 
terian Hosp.; Cons. Internist, 111. Cen. R.R. 

E. C. Rosenow — Rochester, Minn. (Bact*), Univ. 

of Minn. P-G Schl. of Med. 

Ernest E. Irons — Chicago (I*), Prof, and Chair- 
man, Dept. of Medicine, Rush; Presbyterian 
Hosp.; Dean of Rush Med. Coll., 1923-36 

W. B. Fehring — Deceased 


N. Sproat Heaney — Chicago (ObC*),, Clin. Prof. 
and Chairman, Dept. of Obstetrics and Gyne- 
cology, Rush; Chief Att. Ob. and Gyn, Pres- 
byterian Hosp. 

Lindsay A. Beaton — Chicago, Illinois Masonic 

G. D. Hunter — Unknown 

J. D. Hill— Unknown 

Robert Campbell Menzies — Chicago 

John Joseph Klick — Sacramento, Calif. (Pr) 

Charles F. Freytag — Los Angeles (Hollywood) 

Charles A. DeLong — Gary, Ind. 

Wm. Edgar Stewart — Portland, Ore. 

H. A. Reque — Unknown 

James H. Taylor — Chicago (ObC*), West Sub- 
urban (Oak Park), American, Lutheran, Ills. 
Masonic and Norwegian American Hosps. 

Robert I. Rizer — Minneapolis (I*), Univ. of 

George E. Goodrich — Phoenix, Ariz. 

Harry R. Beery — Port Worden, Wash., Lieut. - 
Col. M.C.. U.S.A., Station Hospital 

Henry Neill Whitelaw — Corvallis,, Ore. 

G. F. Ruediger — Unknown 

David John Davis — Chicago, Dean, College of 
Med. Univ. of III.; Prof, and Head, Dept. 
Path, and Bact., U. of I. 

Edward P. Christensen— Two Harbors, Minn. (S) 

John B. Kinne Aberdeen, Wash. (S) 

Walter W. Hamburger —Chicago (S*), Univ. of 
Chicago; Michael Roese Hosp. 

Miriam Gardner- Evanston, 111. (Mrs. Peter 

F. W. Metcalf — Deceased 

(Continued on Page 5, Col. 1) 

[ 4 1 





During its first year of existence the 
hospital had but one intern. At the pres- 
ent time our house staff consists of 26 
interns and 13 postgraduate residents. 
In earlier years the period of internship 
varied in length. At the present time the 
regular internship calls for a 16-month 
service, while a limited number of men 
who have completed general internships 
in other hospitals are accepted on some 
of the services or departments for 
shorter periods of training in specialised 

The state laws of Illinois and many 
other states require an internship of not 
less than one year in an approved hospi- 
tal before a candidate can obtain a 
license to practice medicine, although 
Rush Medical College and some other 
medical schools now award M.D. di- 
plomas on completion of the four-year 
medical course. In striking contrast to 
the high school education and two-year 
medical college course which prevailed 
when our first intern became an M.D. is 
the three-year pre-medical college course 
and four-year medical course now re- 
quired. Adding to this an internship of 
16 months as required by many hospi- 
tals, the minimum period of preparation 
for the practice of medicine exceeds 
eight years beyond high school, while 
those who do postgraduate work in spe- 
cialties spend not less than one year and 
often several years as resident doctors in 
hospitals approved for this advanced 
type of training. 

In our hospital interns work eight 
months on medical services and eight 
months on surgical services, giving two 
months to each of four different services 
classified respectively under medicine and 


(Continued from Page 4, Col. 3) 
Homer G. Rosenberger — Whittier, Calif. (S) 
B. H. Brown — Unknown 

Frederick A. Speik — Los Angeles (South Pasa- 
T. H. Wilson — Unknown 
Joseph E. Tyree — Salt Lake City (S*) 
Evarts A. Graham — St. Louis (S*), Wash. Univ. ; 

Arthur J. Batty — Portage, Wis. (S) 

Ransom D. Bernard — Clarion, la. (S) 

Guy L. Bliss — Long Beach, Calif. (Pd*) 

R. Whitman — Morris, 111. (S) 

Roy L. Buffum — Long Beach, Calif. 

Fred E. Ewing — Oakland, Calif. (S) 

John Gustav Saam — Oakland, Calif. (ALU*) 

A. E. Elliott — Unknown 
Herbert B. Saylor — Pes Moines, I 
George S. Barber — Lawton, Okla. 
Arthur E. Lord — Piano, 111. 
Samuel B. Herdman — Taylorville,, 
William Hughes — Deceased 
Albertus B. Poppen — Muskegon, '. 
Brice R. Wallace — Albany, Ore. 

DENTS who could 
not leave their du- 
ties to be photographed 
in the larger group 
shown on Page 1, in- 
clude those here shown. 

Upper picture, left to 
right — Ray F. Coch- 
rane, Hugo Baum, John 
H. Olwin, and Paul P. 

Lower picture, left to 
right — i Paul Hurwitz, 
Philip M. Howard, Carl 
W. Olander, Gurth Car- 
penter, and William C. 


(1909 Continued) 

Emmett L. Lee — Aurora, I'll. 
F. Elias — Unknown 

Homer K. Nicoll — Chicago (Path), Push; Asst. 
Medical Director and Dir. Lab., People's Gas 

Robert Gaylord Davis — Washington, D. C, Med. 

Inspector, Commander, U. S. N., Naval Hosp. 

Carl Henry Davis -Milwaukee. Wis. and Wil- 

John Wesley Tope 

11. (! 

Lieut. -Col. M.C.. U.S.A. 
Heilman C. Wadsworth — Washington, Ind. (S) 
John Thomas Strawn — Des Moines, la. (1*) 


Granville H. Twining — Mowbridge, S. Dak. (S 

George H. Steele- -Belmond, la. 

Erastus S. Edgerton — Wichita, Kan. (S*) 

H. R. Rogers- -Unknown 

J. L. Tracy — Unknown 

John G. Ryan— Denver, Colo. (I*), Uni 


Johnson F. Hammond Chicago, Asst. Editor, 
Journal of A. M. A.; Major, Army M.C.. 
U.S.A., Retired 

E. G. Kirk — Unknown 

Charles Wilson Lamme — Tabriz, Persia 

Fletcher 0. ..McFarland — lint Springs, Ark., 
Lieut. -Col. M.C., U.S.A., Army and Navy Gen. 


Frank Clay Murrah -Herrin, 111. 

Adelbert M. Moody San Francisco (Path*) 

Milton B. Galloway- -Webster City, la. (I*) 

Sverre Oftedal -Fargo, N. I). (S*) 

Edgar M. Allen Unknown 

John H. McClellan— Deceased 

Nelson Lee Roy Heller — Dunkirk, Ind. 

James Patterson- Srarxdale, N. Y. (D) 

Benjamin F. Davis — Duhilh, Minn. (S*) 

Christian A. Fjeldstad— Minneapolis (OALR*). 

Univ. of Minn. 
Edward Wm. Koch — Buffalo, N. Y., Dean and 

Prof. Pharmacology, Univ. of Buffalo 
William F. Hewitt -Chicago (Ol.G*), III. <Vn- 


Walter G. Darling Milwaukee 
Fred Wm. Gaarde -Rochester, Minn. (I*), Uni 
of Minn. P-G Schl. of Med. 


(1912 Continued) 

Selim W. McArthur — Chicago (S*), Sr. Sur- 
geon. St. Luke's; Univ. of 111. 

Edward H. Hatton — Chicago (Path*) 

Lee C. Gatewood — Chicago (I*), Rush; Presby- 
terian Hosp.; Consulting G'astro-Enterologist, 
U. S. Veterans' Diag. Center. Ilines, 111. 

Gatewood Gatewood — Chicago (S*). Rush; Pres- 
byterian and Highland Park Hosps.; Res. 
Surg., Presbyterian Hosp., 1915-20 

Henry J. Ullmann — Santa Barbara, Calif. (U) 

Claude D. Holmes — Fort Thomas, Ky. (S*), 
Major M.C., U.S.A., Station lies].. 

Roy J. DeMotte — Chicago (Ind S), Chief Sur- 
geon, Pullman Car Mfg. Co. ; Roseland Com- 
munity Hosp. 

Eugene Cary — Chicago (ObG*), Sr. Obstetri- 

I*), Univ. of 

Maurice C. Pincoffs — Bait) 

David Mayo Berkman — Rochester (I*), Univ. 

of Minn. P-G Schl. of Med. 
George H. Coleman — Chicago (I*). Rush; St. 

Luke's Hosp.; James C. King Home, I'hys.- 

in-Charge; Capt. M.R.C., U.S.A. 

James H. Mitchell— Chicago (D*), Rush; Pres- 
byterian and Frances Willard Hosps. 
George W. Dunlap — Toledo. O. (ObG) 
Russell M. Wilder — Rochester, Minn. (I*). Univ. 

Minn. P-G Schl. of Med.; Res. Physician, 

Presbyterian Hosp., 1916-19 
Frank A. Chapman — Deceased 
Fred M. Drennan — Chicago (I*), Loyola Univ.; 

Mercy Hosp. 
Nathan Smith Davis III — Chicago (I*), North- 
western Univ.. Wesley Hosp, 
Linn F. McBride -Chicago, (ALU*). Washing 

ton Blvd. Hosp.; Oto-Larn., C. M. and si. 

P. R. U. 
Irving Wm. Steiner- -Winona, Minn. 
Harry G. Pamment — Toledo. O. 
Golder L. McWhorter— Chicago (S*), Rush; 

Presbyterian, Cook County Hosps., Dak 

Edwin C. White — Kansas City, Mo. (ObG*) 
Edwin M. Miller — Chicago ( s* ) . Rush: Presby- 
terian anil Cook County Hosps. 
Walter F. Winholt— Deceased 

(Contnmed on Page 6, Col. 1 ) 

C 5 ] 


(Continued from Page 5, Col 3) 


Gleason C. Lake— Seattle, Wash. (Path), Sr. 

Surg. XT. S. Public Health Service, U. S. 

Marine Hosp. 
Franklin R. Nuzum — Santa Barbara, Calif. (I*). 

Santa Barbara Cottage Hosp. 
Wm. F. Brinkman — Des Moines, la. (S) 
Clifford P. McCullough — Lake Forest, 111. 
William S. Timblin — Oak Park and River 

Forest (I*), Univ. of HI. 
William S. Horn — Fort Worth, Tex. (I*) 
Fred M. Smith — Iowa City, la. (I*). Univ. of 

Burrell 0. Raulston — Los Angeles (I*), Univ. 
of S. Calif. 

Gilbert E. Brereton — Dallas, Tex. (Bact), Univ. 
of Texas 

Charles M. Bacon — Chicago (I*), Rush; Pres- 
byterian Hosp. (Electrocardiograph) 

Sumner Merrill Wells — Grand Rapids, Mich. 

William N. Sharp — Galveston, Tex. (Bact), Univ. 
of Texas 

Clifford Watkins — Unknown 

Christian B. Luginbuhl — Des Moines, la. (1*) 

Wm. Solomon Jones — Menominee, Mich. 

W. Harold Stutzman — Deceased 
Anders J. Weigen— Chicago (Pd) 
Edmund Andrews — Chicafo (S*), Univ. of Chi. 

cago ; Billings Hosp. 
Fred W. Rohr — Chicago (ObG*), Ravenswood 

Robert R. Glynn — Springfield, Mo. (S*) 
Andrew M. Carr, Jr. — Minot, N. Dak. (OALR*) 
Lowell D. Snorf — Chicago and Evanston (I*), 

Northwestern Univ.; Washington Blvd. and 

James G. Montgomery — Kansas City, Mo. (S*) 
Carl Foster Snapp — Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Warren P. Sights — Paducah, Ky. (IndS) ; Res. 

Surg., Presbyterian Hosp., 1918 
Frank R. Menne — Portland, Ore. (Path*), 

Univ. of Ore. 
Frank P. Miller— Los Angeles (T*) 
James H. Hunter- -Unknown 

Raymond 0. Dart — Washington, D. C, Major, 

M.C., U.S.A., Surgeon General's Office 
Kendal Frost — Los Angeles (D*), Univ. of S. 

(!•), Ur 

Wesley E. Gatewood Portlam 

of Ore. 
Edwin F. Hirsch — Chicago (Path*), Rush; Dir. 

H. B. Favill Lab., St. Luke's Hosp. 
Wm. Thomas Robison — Murfreesboro, Tenn. (S) 
Clarence W. Adams — San Francisco (S) 
Wm. David Sansum — Santa Barbara, Calif. (I*) 
Earle Kenneth Hallock — Brooklyn, N. Y. (Oph*) 
Wilmar D. McGrath — Grand Island, Neb. (I*) 
John Andrew Saari — Portland, Ore. 
Wm. Lee Brown — Chicago, Dir. Physicians 
Radium Assn.; Radium Therapist, St. Luke's 


Wm. Amory Taylor — Portage, Wis. (S) 
Clinton D. Swickard — Charleston, 111. (ObG) 
Harvey R. Basinger — Mountain Lake, Minn. (S) 
Eiley A. Smedal— LaCrosse, Wis. (S) 
Conrad O. Rogne — Ettrick, Wis. (ObG) 
Angus L. Cameron— Minot, N. Dak. (S*) 

Martin Dollahan —Deceased 
Carl Theige -Viroqua, Wis. 
William A. Thomas — Chicago (I*), Rush; Pres- 

Oscar W. Tulisalo -Rockford, 111. (S) 
George E. Farman — Los Angeles (U*) 
James E. Arnold Miles City, Mont. 
Aaron E. Kanter Chicago (ObG*), Rush; Pres- 
byterian, Cook (', unity and Mt. Sinai Hosps. 
George A. Cochran- Salt Lake Cily (I*) 
Lloyd L. Merriman — Dululh, Minn. (P*) 
George O. Solem Chicago and Oak Park, (I*). 

Rush; Lutheran Deaconess Hosp. 
Peter M. Mattill Oak Terrace, Minn. (T*) 

Harvey S. Thatcher -Little Rock, Ark., (Path) 
Vincent J. O'Conor — Chicago (U*), Univ. of 

111.; Washington Blvd. and Garfield Pk. 


Wanted: Information 

All former interns and others who 
receive this copy of our Bulletin are 
urged to send to the editor IMMEDI- 
ATELY any corrections as to spell- 
ing, dates of service, location and 
present activities of those whose names 
are printed in the list of interns. If 
any names have been omitted do not 
fail to send detailed information con- 
cerning these persons. We also de- 
sire addresses and other data about 
those who are listed as "unknown." 
Others not listed in A. M. A. directory 
for the year 1936 (the latest avail- 
able) are designated in our list as "un- 
known." Some mistakes in initials and 
in spelling were found in the lists as 
published in our annual reports and 
our failure to find data as well as 
some errors in our list may be due to 
such mistakes. 


(1918 Continued) 
Horace E. Groom — Akron. Ohio (I*) 
Dwight C. Sigworth — Long Beach, Calif. 
Arthur Teninga — Chicago (S) 

John R. Merriman — Evanston, 111. (S), North- 
western Univ.; Evanston and St. Francis 
Frank R. Doll— Whiting, Ind. (S) 
Charles T. Nellans — Atlanta, Ga. (I*) 
Russell C. Johnson — Berwyn, 111., Berwyn Hosp. 
Hugh MacDonald — Evanston and Niles Center, 


Clark J. Laus— Syracuse, N. Y. (I*) 
George G. Verbryck — Long Beach, Calif. 
Cassius M. Coldren — Deceased 
Gilbert D. Waite — Portsmouth, O. (S) 
Harry L. Huber— Chicago (I*), Univ. of Chi- 

Clarence E. McC. Finney — Springfield, O. (Or) 
Henry C. Sauer — Fairbury, 111. (S) 
Delon A. Williams — Kansas City, Mo. (I*) 
C. Philip Miller— Chicago (I*), Univ. of Chi- 
cago ; Billings Hosp. 
Pierce MacKenzie — Evansville, Ind. (ObG*) 
Joseph O. Balcar — Deceased 
Clark W. Finnerud — Chicago (D*), Rush; Pres- 

Hugh F. Fr 



Calif. (I*) 


Loren Wm. Avery— Chicago (NP), Rush; Pres- 
byterian,; Cook County and Augustana Hosps. 
Leon V. Parker — Unknown 

Raymond C. Thompson — Whittier, Calif (ObG) 
Wallace H. Budge — Ogden, Utah 
Grant H. Lanphere — Los Angeles (I*), Coll. of 

Med. Evangelists, Loma Linda 
Martin Carl Lindem — Salt Lake City (I*) ; Res. 

Phys., Presbyterian Hosp., 1922 
William G. Hibbs — Chicago (I*), Rush; 
byterian Hosp. (Secy. Med. Staff) ; 
dren's Memorial Hospital 
Oliver M. Nesbit — Portland, Ore. 
Albert Fred Clements — Evansville, Ind. 

Robert H. Graham — Aurora, 111. (Pd*) 
George F. Sutherland- Deceased 
Dean P. Crowell — North Bend, Ore. (S) 
Edward D. AUen — Chicago (ObG*). 


Wm. John Henry 
Jay M. Milligan 

S. C. (!•) 


Clarence W. Magaret— Peoria, Ill- 
Harry A. Oberhelman- Chicago (S*), Rush; 
Presbyterian Hosp.; Res. Phys. Presbyterian 
Hosp. i'''-i 
William E. Cary — Chicago (T*) £ Univ. of Chi- 
cago; Chi. Memorial Hosp. 
Joseph P. Brennan — Pendleton, Ore. 
John H. Fitzgibbon — Portland, Ore. (I*), Univ. 
of Oregon 

[ 6 ] 

I [osp. 



Prof, and 

t, Loyola 


(1920 Continued.) 
Vincent B. Bowler — Chicago and Oak Park (D), 

Loyola Univ.; Cook County and Oak Park 

Arthur G. Asher — Kansas City, Mo. (I*) 
John L. Calene — Aberdeen, S. D. (I*-) 
James B. Eyerly — Chicago (I*), Rush; Presby- 

Floyd E. Kier — Unknown 

Clifford J. Barborka — Chicago (I*). Northwest- 
ern Univ. 

Eugene F. Traut — Chicago and Oak Park (I*), 
Rush; Cook County P-G Schl.; Presbyterian, 
Cook County and West Suburban Hosps. 

Lindon Seed — Chicago (S*), Univ. of 111.; 
Lutheran Deaconess and Grant Hosps. 

Clinton F. Palmer — Albert Lea, Minn. 

Maurice A. Spalding— Chicago (01*) 

Harold J. Shelley — New York City (S*) 

Harry J. Veatch — Columbus, Univ. of Ohio; 
Starling-Loving Hosp. 


Byron Nixon — Indianapolis (I*) 

Lester R. Parson — Elbow Lake, Minn. (U) 

George M. Curtis — Columbus, O. (S*), Ohio 

State Univ.; Surg. Res. U 
Carl A. Dragstedt — Chicago 

Carl R. Wagner — Deceased 

Herbert E. Landes — Chicago 
Act. Chairman, Dept. of 

Daniel B. Malan — Unknown 

Henry C. Niblack— Chicago (Pd*), Chief, Bu- 
reau of Child Welfare, Chicago Bd. of Health 

Edward J. Stieglitz — Chicago (I-*-), Rush; Pres- 
byterian and Chi. Memorial Hosps. 

Carl W. Apfelbach — Chicago (Path). Rush; 
Presbyterian Hosp. (In Charge of Lab. since 
1924) ; Cook County Hosp.; Res. Phys. Pres 
byterian, 1923 

Gordon N. Best— Council Bluffs, la. (I*) 

Roy E. Crowder — Sioux City, la. (ObG*) 

Gerritt Cotts — Chicago (ObG), Rush; St. Jo- 
seph's and Ravenswood Hosps. 

Frank C. Val Dez — Chicago (I*), Loyola Univ.; 
Mercy Hosp. and Dispensary 

Earl R. McCarthy — Deceased in 1936 (I*-). Was 
on Rush Faculty and Presbyterian Hosp. 

Howard M. Sheaff — Chicago (I), Rush; Pres- 

Harry C. Olmsted — Unknown 
Austin D. Bates — Denton, Tex. (I*) 
Raul de la Garza — Laredo, Tex. (U*) 
Harold T. Pederson — Spokane, Wash. (S) 
John F. Tilleman — Elmhurst, 111. (Pd) 
Clarence E. Johnson — Long Beach, Calif. (I*) 
Carl P. Bauer — Deceased in 1936" (ObG). Was 
on Rush Faculty and Presbyterian Hosp. 
Staff; Dir. Out-Patient Ob. Dept. for 5 yrs. 
Dean L. Rider — Chicago and Riverside, 111. 
(S*), Rush; Presbyterian, Washington Blvd., 
Berwyn and Cook County Hosps. 
Arthur R. Colwell — Evanston, 111. (I*), North- 
western Univ. 
John Histon — Unknown 

Emmet B. Bay — Chicago, Assoc. Dean. Div. of 

Biological Sciences, Univ. of Chicago, in 

charge of Rush Medical College; Res. Phys. 

Presbvterian Hosp. 1924 

Leo Clifford Clowes— Chicago (S*), Univ. of 

111.; Cook County Hosp. 
Siegfried Maurer- Chicago (I*), Univ. of Chi- 
cago; 0. S. A. Sprague Mem. Inst. 
Clark O. Melick— Chicago, St. Luke's 111. Cen- 
tral and South Shore Hosps. 
Gilbert J. Schwartz — Kenosha, Wis. (ObG) 
Carl L. Hiss — Deceased 
Orwood J. Campbell — Minneapolis (S*), Univ. 

of Minn. 
Carl Otto Linbeck— Jamestown, N. Y. (I'd) 
Jeanette Harrison — Los Angeles 

Hamilton Montgomery — Rochester. Minn. (D*) t 

Univ. of Minn. P-G Med. Schl. 
Walter L. Palmer — Chicago (I*), Univ. of Chi- 
Gerald Watson Hamilton — Akron, 0. 
John Z. Gaston— Houston. Tex. (ObG*) 
Edmund R. McCluskey— Pittsburgh, Pa. (Pd*) 
(Continued on Page 7, Co!. 1) 


Dr. Fred M. Smith, Professor and 
Head of the Department of Theory and 
Practice of Medicine, State University of 
Iowa, Iowa City, operated the first elec 
trocardiograph installed in our hospital 
and in any Chicago institution while 
serving as an intern, 1914-16. The first 
crude machine installed in 1914 and the 
improved electric cardiograph installed 
two years later were given to the hospi- 
tal by the late Mrs. Cyrus Cormick, Sr. 
Dr. Smith writes : 

The electrocardiograph of the Presby- 
terian Hospital, during my internship, 
1914-16, was the first installed in Chi- 
cago. It was one of the earlier makes, 
and as I recall, was either an Edelmann 
or Hut-Nicolai. This was replaced in 
1916 by a Cambridge instrument and it 
was my good fortune to have charge of 
it. This, and the one in Doctor Her- 
rick's office, were the only electrocardio- 
graphs in Chicago at that time. These 
two machines established land marks in 
the electrocardiographic incident to coro- 
nary thrombosis. The one at the Pres- 
byterian Hospital was the first to record 
the changes following the experimental 
ligation of the coronary arteries of the 
dog and paved the way for the recogni- 
tion of the electrocardiographic altera' 
tions in man following coronary throm- 
bosis. The machine in Doctor Herrick's 
office was the first to record a curve 
which was recognised as being distinctive 
of coronary thrombosis. Doctor Herrick 
made these developments possible. It 
was through his influence that the elec- 
trocardiographic laboratory was estab' 
lished at the Presbyterian Hospital and 
that the fund was obtained for research 
in this field. Moreover, it was through 
his particular interest in coronary throm- 
bosis, and encouragement that this prob- 
lem was investigated. 


(1923 Continued from Page 6, Col. 3) 

Clarence F. G. Brown — Chicago (I*), North- 
western Univ.; St. Luke's Hosp. 

Ralph L. Harris — Chicago (I*),, Rush; Cook 
County Hosp. 

Elmer J. Boyd — Unknown 

Myra I. Mead — Detroit (Mrs. Henry Erwin Cope) 

Joseph E. Schaefer — Chicago (I*), Northwest- 
ern Univ. Dental Dept. ; Cook County, Uni- 
versity and Wesley Hosps. 

Andrew J. Sullivan — Chicago (U*), Rush; 
Mother Cabrini, Englewood, Evangelical, St. 
Bernard and Woodlawn Hosps. 

Knowlton E. Barber — Chicago (U*), Rush; 
Presbyterian, Children's Memorial and Muni- 
cipal Contagious Dis. Hosps. 

Heyworth N. Sanford — Chicago (Pd*), Rush; 
Presbyterian and Cook County Hosps.; Med. 
Dir., Infant Welfare Society of Chicago 

Bertrand 0. Woods — Portland,, Ore. (I*) 

Albert J. Bowles — Seattle, Wash. (S*) 

John F. Kelly — Indianapolis (ObG*), Indiana 

Beatrice R. Lovett — Oak Terrace, Minn. 


(1923 Continued) 

Evans W. Pernokis — Chicago (I*), Rush; Pres- 
byterian Hosp. ; Res. Phys. Presbyterian 
Hosp. 1925 

Willis J. Potts — Chicago and Oak Park (S*), 
Rush; Presbyterian, Cook County, Children's 
Memorial and West Suburban Hosps. 


Ray M. Bowles — Hempstead, L. I., N. Y. (U*) 

Ernest R. Burnight — Los Angeles, Calif. 

Clifford L. Dougherty — Chicago and Oak Park 
(ALR*), Rush; St. Luke's and West Sub- 
urban Hosps. 

John V. Lawrence — St. Louis, Mo. (I*), Wash- 
ington Univ. 

Paul S. Rhoads — Chicago and Evanston (I*) , 

William W. Robinson — Spokane, Wash. 

John J. Zavertnik — Chicago (Pd), Rush; Pres- 
byterian and St. Anthony's Hosps. 

Eben J. Carey — Milwaukee, Dean and Prof. 
Anat.,| Marquette Univ. 

Everett N. Collins — Cleveland (R*) 

Randolph F. Olmsted — Chicago and Park Ridge 
(S-Oral), Rush; Presbyterian Hosp.; Res. 
Surg. Presbyterian Hosp. 1926-27 

Silber C. Peacock — Deceased 

Ruth Elaine Taylor — Chicago, Univ. of Chicago 

Jay Bailey Carter — Chicago (I*), Rush; Cook 
County Hosp. 

Herbert F. Fenwick — Chicago (ObG), North- 
western Univ. ; Wesley Mem. Hosp. ; Capt., 
Reserve M.C. (Aviation), U.S.A. Plight Sur- 
geon, U. S. Bureau of Air Commerce ; Res. 
Surg. Presbyterian Hosp. 1925 

William F. Kroener — Whittier, Calif. (Pd) 

Clarence E. LaBier — Terre Haute, Ind. (I*) 

Richard B. Richter — Chicago (NP*), Rush; 
Billings Hospital 

Frank Lowell Dunn — Omaha, Nebr. (I*) 

Richard Watkins — Chicago (ALR*), Rush; 
Presbyterian and Chicago Mem. Hosps. 

Willard F. Hollenbeck — Portland, Ore. (I*) 

Annette Mebane — Unknown 

Cecil A. Raymond — Barberton, 0. 

Louis P. River — Chicago and Oak Park (S), 
Loyola Univ. ; Oak Park Hosp. 


David T. Proctor — Los Angeles, Calif. (T*), 
Res. Phys. Presbyterian Hosp. 1926-27 

George J. Rukstlnat — Chicago (Path*), Rush: 
Presbyterian and Cook Co. Hosps. 

Thomas A. Baird — Chicago^ Clinical Asst., Med., 

Arthur J. Atkinson — Chicago (I*), Northwest- 
ern Univ. ; Passavant Hosp. 

William M. McKay — Ogden, Utah 

John S. Ashby — Chicago (I*), Rush 

Mark L. Loring — Chicago (S*), Rush; Presby- 
terian Hosp. ; Res. Phys. Presbyterian Hosp. 

Eleanor I. Leslie — Chicago and Evanston (Pd-*), 
Rush; Presbyterian Hosp. 

Samuel M. Creswell — Tacoma, Wash. (I*) 

Ernest C. Janes — Hamilton, Ont., Can. 

Alva A. Knight — Chicago (I*), Rush; Presby- 
terian and Cook County Hosps. 

Willis E. Gouwens — Chicago, Clin. Assoc, Med., 

George W. Koivun — Moline, 111. 

James W. MacQueen — Birmingham, Ala., Hill- 

Loren C. Sheffield — Pontiac, Mich. (U*) 
Stanley E. Lawton — Chicago (S*), Rush; Pres- 
byterian and Children's Mem. Hosps. 
George F. C. Fasting — New Orleans, La. (Path*), 
La. State Univ. 

Geo. Hubert Artis — Cedar Rapids (Pr) 
Ivan C. Berry — Unknown 
Anne S. Bohning — Chicago, Rush 
Leo K. Campbell — Chicago (I*), Rush; 

terian Hosp. 
Ethel F. Cooper— -Peoria, 111. (ObG) 
Arthur E. Diggs — Chicago (S*), Rush; 

terian and Children's Mem. Hosps 

M.C, I.N.G. ; Res. Surg. Presbyterii 

A. Alvin Fisher — Canton, O. (I'd*) 
Norris J. Heckel— Chicago (U*), Rus 

byterian Hosp. 


(1926 Continued) 

Howard J. Holloway — Chicago and Evanston 

(ObG), Rush 
Ransome O. Jackson — Savannah, N. Y. 
Hilger Perry Jenkins — Chicago (S*), Univ. of 

Clyde R. Jensen — Seattle, Wash. (I*) 
Clayton J. Lundy — Chicago and Evanston (I*), 
Rush (Asst. Prof, of Med. and in chg. Elec- 
trocardiograph) ; Presbyterian Hosp. 
Lome W. Mason — Evanston, 111., Northwestern 
Univ.; Grove House, St. Francis and Evans- 
ton Hosps. 
Leslie K. MacClatchie — New York City 
Lawrence L. McLellan — Philadelphia (I*) 
James Edward McCarthy — Deceased 
Charles D. Parker — Chicago,, Rush (G-U) 
Howell S. Randolph — Phoenix, Ariz. (T). St. 

Luke's Home 
Mac Harper Seyfarth — Lanark, 111. 
Geo. Black Stericker — Springfield, 111. (I*) 
Daniel L. Woods — Los Angeles 
Everett E. Kelly— Evanston, 111. (ObG) 

Edwin P. Jordan — Chicago (I*), Asst. Editor, 

Journal of the A. M. A. 
Carl F. Doehring — Rochester, Minn. (S), Mayo 

Bert Van Ark — Eaton Rapids, Mich. (Pd) 

Stella L. Davis — Santa Ana, Calif. (Pd) 

John Dewey Skow — Toledo, O. 

John P. Boland — Unknown 

Chester A. Perrodin — Kankakee, 111. (U*) 

Curtis Nelson — Deceased 

George D. Tsoulos — Chicago (T), U. S. Marine, 
Municipal Tuberculosis and Garfield Pk. 

Ferris W. Thompson — Paia, Hawaii 

Frederick G. Novy — Oakland, Calif. (D*) 

Jerry DeVries — Marseiles, 111. (Ob) 

J. Robert Doty — Gary, Ind. (ObG) 

Robert Mowatt Muirhead — St. Louis, American 
Nat'l Red Cross 

Martha Bernheim — Chicago (ObG) 

Frank V. Theis — Chicago (S*), Rush; Presby- 
terian Hosp. (Vascular Therapy) ; St. Joseph's 
Hosp.; Res. Surg. Presbyterian, 1928 


Stuyvesant Butler — Chicago (I*), Rush; Pres- 
byterian Hosp. 

Laurence E. Cooley — Dubuque, la. (I*); Res. 
Phys. Presbyterian Hosp. 1930 

Robert E. Johannesen — Chicago (I*), Rush; 
Presbyterian Hosp. 

Pat. A. Tuckwiller — Charleston, W. Va. (I*) 

Roy E. Brackin — Kenilworth and Winnetka, 111. 

James Harvey Crowder II — Sullivan, Ind. (S) 

Donald Grubb — Asheville, N. C. 

Fred O. Priest — Chicago (ObG*), Rush; Pres- 
byterian Hosp. 

Noel G. Shaw — Evanston, 111. (Pd), Rush; St. 
Francis and Evanston Hosps. 

Daniel L. Stormont — Evanston, 111. 

Paul E. McMaster — Spokane. Wash. 

Kenneth Rush Bell — Atlanta. Ga„ Emory Univ. 

Frederick M. Doyle Kalamazoo. Mich. (T) 

Huberta M. Livingstone — Chicago (Anes*), 
Univ. of Chicago 

Eldden J. Teeter — Cleveland, (). (I*) 

John S. Wier — Fond du Lac. Wis. (ObG) 

Otis O. Benson, Jr. March Field, Calif. (S), 
Capt. M.C. U.S.A., Station Hosp. 

Marion Minor Crane- Washington, D.C. (Pd*). 
Children's Bureau, V. S. Dept. of Labor 

Rodney S. Starkweather — Evanston, 111, (!'*) 

Thomas Dey Wright — Newton. la. 

Paul C. Samson — Ann Arbor, Mich., University 

Louis James Needels — Leroy, 111. (Pd) 


Names of those who have served intern- 
ships from 1929 to date will be published in 
the February number of our Bulletin. We 
also desire to hear from any former interns 
listed in this issue who may have served as 
Senior House Officers in earlier years or as 
Residents in later years, as we have inade- 
quate records of Residents prior to 1914. 

[ 7 ] 



Mrs. David W. Graham was re-elected 
honorary president and Mrs. Ernest E. 
Irons was named president of the Wom- 
an's Board of the Presbyterian Hospital 
at the annual meeting on Jan. 3. Mrs. 
Irons succeeds Mrs. Clyde E. Shorey, 
who had been the highly efficient leader 
of the women for two years and whose 
recent illness necessitated temporary ces- 
sation of organisation activities. Mrs. 
Graham is the only living member of 
the first Ladies Aid Society organised to 
assist the hospital 54 years ago this 
spring and she still participates actively 
in the work of the board. Mrs. Irons is 
the wife of Dr. Irons, chairman of the 
department of medicine in Rush Medical 
College and former dean of the college. 
Mrs. John P. Ment^er is a new vice- 
president. Other officers were re-elected. 

New members of the executive com- 
mittee for the term ending in 1940 are: 
Mrs. Horace W. Armstrong, Mrs. 
George H. Bristol, Mrs. Scott Bromwell, 
Mrs. H. C. Patterson, Mrs. Ralph C. 
Otis and Mrs. J. Hall Taylor. The board 
raised $27,563 in 1937 to aid the hospi- 
tal in various ways. A detailed report 
of the work of the various committees 
and the hospital departments sponsored 
by the Woman's Board will appear m a 
future issue of the Bulletin and also in 
the Annual Report published by the 

Dr. C. Rufus Rorem, Ph.D., Director 
of the Hospital Service Committee of the 
American Hospital Association, gave an 
informative talk on "Hospital Care 

TOTAL 12,108 IN 1937; 



The Presbyterian Hospital recently in- 
stalled an improved type of respirator or 
"iron lung." Miss Mary Dee McTag- 
gart, 17 year-old infantile paralysis vic- 
tim is the first patient to use it. Miss 
McTaggart became ill in July and was 
admitted to the Municipal Contagious 
Disease Hospital, where her life was 
saved by the iron lung belonging to that 
institution. When transferred to Pres- 
byterian on Dec. 1, she had improved so 
that it was necessary for her to stay in 
the iron lung only part of the time and 
doctors believe that the paralised muscles 
of the diaphragm eventually will be re- 
stored to normal function so that the iron 
lung can be. dispensed with. The new 
lung just installed at Presbyterian is an 
improvement over those previously used, 
a principal feature being that the portion 
on which the patient lies can be rotated 
to change his position, whereas in the 
old type the patient had to lie in one 
position continuously. 

On Wednesday, Jan. 19, the Presby- 
terian Hospital Society will hold its 5 5 th 
annual meeting in the hospital chapel, 
following luncheon at 12:15 P.M. 

The reports to be presented will re- 
veal that 12,108 patients were cared for 
in hospital beds in 1937, an increase of 
605 over 1936. Visits of ambulatory pa- 
tients to our examining and treatment 
rooms totalled 31,350. Of the bed pa- 
tients cared for 1,998 were children un- 
der 14 years old, of whom 786 were en- 
tirely free. Most of these free child pa- 
tients occupied Cheer-up and Tag Day 
beds endowed through the efforts of the 
Woman's Board. 

Births m the hospital numbered 920 
an increase of 86 over the preceding 
year. The Out-Patient Obstetrical de- 
partment maintained jointly by the hos- 
pital, Rush Medical College and Central 
Free Dispensary, delivered 5 53 babies in 
homes. As usual only about one-third of 
the total number of patients admitted to 
hospital beds paid in full the charges for 
care received, others being admitted as 
free or part-pay patients. 


Mr. Asa S. Bacon, superintendent of 
the Presbyterian Hospital, spent his 
38th consecutive Christmas in the hos- 
pital. Since his first Christmas in the 
hospital in 1900, it has grown from an 
institution of 140 beds to one having 400 
beds for patients. Its attending medical 
staff, all of whom are appointed from 
the faculty of Rush Medical College, has 
increased from 29 to 114. More than 
300,000 patients have been admitted to 
the beds of the hospital since 1900 and 
as many more ambulatory patients have 
been cared for in the examining and 
treatments rooms of the hospital. 


Twenty-nine Christmas baskets, 365 toys 
and many other gifts and delicacies were 
distributed to needy families by the Hospital 
Social Service department. The Chicago 
Rotary Club donated 1 5 baskets, the Good 
Fellows provided 10, and Mrs. Baird, Mrs. 
Shorey, Mrs. Irons, Mrs. A. B. Deck each 
gave one basket. Toys were donated by the 
Frances Parker school, the Junior League, 12 
churches and several Woman's Board mem- 
bers. Others donated oranges, candy and 
clothing. Junior League volunteers trimmed 
trees for three wards, wrapped packages and 
otherwise assisted with Christmas activities. 

Ice cream and cake were served and toys, 
candy and fruit distributed to 1 JO children 
at the annual Christmas party given by the 
nurses .it Spraguc Home. Guests included 
children of hospital employes and Irom the 

[ 8 ] 



Santa Claus prefers girls while Father Time 
is partial to boys if our Christmas and New 
Year babies, respectively, are any criteria. 
Two baby girls were born in our maternity | 
department on Christmas day as follows: 

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Pachter, Belmont Sta- j 
tion, Downers Grove, daughter, Carol Jean, 
was born at 4:58 A.M. Weight — 7 lbs., 4|/ 2 ! 


Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Kroncke, 363 5 W. 
Shakespeare Ave., daughter, Mary Jeanne, { 
born at 7:25 A.M. Weight — 7 lbs., 12 ozs. 

Our first 1938 babies born on New Year 
day were boys as follows: 

Mr. and Mrs. Einar Peterson, 103 5 N. 
Lamon Ave. are the parents of our first 1938 ] 
baby, born at 2:43 A.M. He weighed 7 lbs., j 
9 ozs. and has been named Niel Einar Krogh. 

At 9:00 A.M. a son weighing 6 lbs., 14' 
ozs. was born to Mr. and Mrs. John Hutchins 
of 707 Hill Road Winnetka, 111. 




Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 



SOLOMON A. SMITH Treasurer • 


FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable Fred A. Poor 

Alfred T. Carton Theodore A. Shaw 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Rev. John Timothy 
John B. Drake Stone, D.D. 

James B. Forgan, Jr. R. Douglas Stuart 

Albert D. Farwell Robert Stevenson 

Alfred E. Hamill J. Hall Taylor 

Charles H. Hamill John P. Welling 

Edw. D. McDougal, Jr. Edward F. Wilson 


Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 

Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 

Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 

Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


VERNON C. DAVID, M.D. President 




ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 

M. HELENA McMILLAN ... Director, School of Nursing 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital. 

pkinteo b» physicians- record Co.. Chicago 

:- : & v. 


reshyfiinL Hospital 

trie City &y ©klcago' 



Chicago, 111. 

February, 1938 

Vol. 30, No. 2 


Physical Therapy Also Used in 

Treatment of Infantile 

Paralysis Victim 

With the aid of the new rotating, tilt 
type "iron lung" installed a few weeks 
ago, Mary Dee McTaggart, 17-year old 
victim of infantile paralysis, is making 
excellent progress toward recovery. The 
breathing function has been sufficiently 
restored so that Mary Dee could get 
along fairly well without being placed in 
the respirator at all but, in order to car- 
ry out the strenuous physical therapy 
program needed for the reconditioning 
of other affected muscles, doctors have 
found that she relaxes and sleeps more 
restfully if placed in the respirator each 

In addition to the paralysis of the 
muscles of the diaphragm which pre- 
vented normal lung action but which has 
now been overcome to a large extent, 
both arms have been practically useless 
and other body muscles affected to some 

Physical therapy consisting of heat, 
massage and manipulation of the joints 
is being used and special appliances have 
been constructed to exercise hands and 
arms in a normal manner. A special 
tank has been installed to afford exercise 
of the body in water of a suitable 

Has Many Uses 

The "iron lung" also is useful in vari- 
ous other types of respiratory failure 
such as result from monoxide poisoning, 
suffocation, electric shock, drowning or 
rare cases of post-anesthetic collapse. It 
is equally useful in cases of temporary 
paralysis of the respiratory center re- 
sulting from injury to the spinal column. 
'By employing this mechanical means of 
compressing the lungs and forcing the 
air in and out, the life of the patient is 
saved until surgery relieves the paralysis. 


The above picture of the new respirator or "iron lung" recently installed in Presbyterian 
Hospital shows how it may be tilted to lower or raise the head of the patient. The patient lies 
comfortably with only her head protruding. A sponge-like rubber collar fits around the neck. 
The part on which the head and body of patient rests may be rotated to one side or the other, 
enabling the patient to lie on either side. In the old type of respirator the patient had to lie on 
the back continuously. The bellows underneath the cylinder is operated by electricity so that air 
is rhythmically pumped into and out of the cylinder. If power should fail at any time, the lever 
shown on the floor in front of the respirator can be attached to pump the bellows by hand. The 
nurse is Miss Dixie Schmidt. Mary Dee McTaggart is the patient and the intern is Dr. Joe E. 

Her superb courage and charming per- 
sonality have endeared Mary Dee 
McTaggart to all of the nurses who have 
ministered to her needs since she was 
admitted to our hospital Dec. 1. During 
the recent drive in the interest of the 
new National Foundation for Infantile 
Paralysis, 100 of our student nurses con- 
tributed a penny each to pay for a 
Founders membership which was pre- 
sented to Mary Dee as a tribute to her 
courage and cheerfulness. 

Wolter - Nathans 

Miss Elisabeth Wolter and Mr. Roy 
C. Neuhaus were married on Feb. 6 at 
Calvary Presbyterian Church, Chicago, 
by the Rev. Eldon A. Brown. They 
have gone to Glendale, Calif, to reside. 
Miss Wolter has been employed as 
secretary to the Director of Nursing for 
three years. Her successor is Mrs. Lois 


Hospital Approved by American 

Medical Association for 

Advanced Teaching 

With the advances made in specialised 
branches of medicine and surgery oppor- 
tunities for hospital training in these 
specialties are being utilized by graduate 
students, who accept positions as resi- 
dents in our hospital, which is one of 
those approved by the American Medical 
Association for giving such training. 

In the early days of the hospital there 
was a Medical Superintendent under 
whose direction Senior House Officers 
(Interns) did the work now done by 
postgraduate residents. Later doctors 
who had previously completed intern- 
ships covering the regulation period, con- 
tinued as residents but in most of the 
annual reports prior to 1914 they were 
not designated under this title, but 
merely listed as members on the House 

Those designated as residents prior to 
1914 were as follows: 

Alexander F. Stevenson (Chicago), Resident 

Harry W. Horn (Wichita), Resident Surgeon 

Joseph F. Smith (Wansau, Wis.). Resident 

Peter Bassoe (Chicago), Asst. Resident Pathol- 

J. Frank Waugh (Chicago), Medical Examiner 

Resident Pathologists listed between 
1909 and 1923 were: 

David J. Davis (Chicago), 1909-11 
A. M. Moody (San Francisco). 1911-14 
Homer K. Nicoll (Chicago), 1914-15 
Burrell O. Raulston (Los Angeles), 1915-21 
Harry A. Oberhelman (Chicago), 1921-23 

From 192 3 to the present time, Dr. 
Carl Apfelbach has been in charge of 
our pathology laboratory, various resi- 
dents and interns being assigned as 
assistants from year to year. Dr. Apfel- 
bach was resident physician on the 1922- 
23 staff and became resident pathologist 
in 192 3 instead of 1924 as stated in the 
intern data in the January Bulletin. 

Second Resident Surgeon 

The second resident surgeon whose 
name appears in an annual report was 
Dr. Gatewood who served from 1014 to 
1919. Dr. Donald P. Abbott (Deceased) 
and Dr. Russell M. Wilder (Rochester, 
Minn.) were listed as resident physicians 
from 1915 to 1919. 

Due to lack of space information 
about others, who served as residents 
following internships here, is included in 
that given in the List of Interns, pub- 
lished in the January Bulletin and con- 

tinued in this issue. Residencies often 
overlap from one year into the next but, 
for the sake of brevity, an attempt has 
been made to list only the year in which 
the service was completed in the case of 
one-year appointments, while inclusive 
dates are given for those serving two or 
more years. 

Of 30 interns who are known to have 
served as residents following completion 
of internships, 1 1 are members of our 
present Medical Staff. Residents who 
came to us after completing internships 
elsewhere and who are now on the 
Medical Staff are as follows: 

Francis H. Straus, Resident Surgeon, 1920-23 
Edgar C. Turner, Resident Surgeon, 1926 
Frank V. Theis. Resident Surgeon, 1927-28 
Earle Gray, Resident Physician, 1931 
A. Louis Rosi, Resident Surgeon, 1932 
Linden J. Wallner, Laryngoiogist and Otologist, 

George E. Shambaugh, Jr., Laryngoiogist and 

Otologist, 1932-34 

Other residents whose names do not 
appear in the List of Interns included 
the following: 

Leland C. Shafer, Res. Phys. 1920 — Chicago 

(I*-) St. Joseph's Hosp. 
William J. Gallagher, Res. Surg. 1923-24 — Chi- 

Bemard P. Mullen, Res. Surg. 1924-25 — Seattle, 

Wash. (S*) 
Jacob Holderman, Res. ALR. 1925 — Deceased 

about two years ago. 
Alva H. Gibson, Res. Pd. 1927 — Deceased in 1929 
Lewis W. Woodruff, Res. Phys. 1928 — Joliet, 111. 
Joseph P. Sparks, Res. Surg. 1928 — Peoria, 111. 
Alfred D. Biggs, Res. Pd. 1928 — Chicago (Pd*) 

St. Luke's Hosp. 
Lawrence E. Henderson, Res. Oph. 1928 — Water- 
town, N. Y. (Oph*) 
Byron K. Rust, Res. Pd. 1929 — Indianapolis 

Elmer A. Vorisek, Res. Oph. 1928-29 — Chicago 

and Oak Park (Oph*) Children's Mem. 

Hosp., First Lieut. M.R., U.S.A. 
Ernest S. Watson, Res. Pd. 1930 — Elmhurst ami 

Glen Ellyn, 111. 
George P. Guibor, Res. Oph. 1930-31 — Chicago 

(ALR*) Northwestern Univ. 
Arthur E. Boysen, Res. Pd. 1931 — Pharr, Tex. 

Merlyn George Henry, Res. Surg. 1931 — Los 

Angeles (IndS) 
Clifford C. Fulton, Res. Sm-g. 1931 — Oklahoma 

City (S) 
Job T. Cater, Res. Oph. 

Philip A. Mulherin, Res. Pd. 

William D. Irwin, Res. 

Mich. (OALR*) 
Samuel Brown, Res. O 

111. (OALR) 
Arthur Allan Scharf, Res, Oph. 


1933 — East Moline, 
1934 — Saskatoon, 
Archibald O. Olson, Res. A.LR. 1935— Hendricks, 


Fred B. Cooper, Res. ()ph. 1935— Kansas City, 

Joseph M. Cameron, Res. Neurologist and Neuro- 
surgeon, 1936 — Pittsburgh, Pa. 

George V. Hermann, Res. I'd. 1936 — Kansas 
City. Mo. 

Ben W. Bird, Jr., Res. AI.R. 1936 — Princeton, 
W. Va. 

Sol Rome, Res. Oph. 1936 -Chicago. Ml. Sinai 

In the 1924 Intern List (January 
Bulletin) we inadvertently failed to in- 
clude in data about Dr. Richard W. 

Watkins, the fact that he was resident 

laryngoiogist and otologist, 1926-29, in- 

Completed Service in 1937 

Following are those who completed 
residencies m 1937: 

Frank W. Blatchford, Resident Physician 

H. Sidney Heersma, Resident Pediatrician 

Philip Shambaugh, Resident Surgeon 

Paul S. Woodall, Resident Obstetrician and 

Clarence A. Darnell anil Milton R. Rubin, Re 

dent Laryngologists and Otologists 
Otto L. Siewert and Perry W. Ross, Resident 

Gurth Carpenter, Asst. Resident Pathologist 
Paul Doehriiig, Asst. Resident Pathologist 
Robert Rutherford, Asst. Resident Pathologist 

Present Resident Staff 

Roland L. Kesler, Resident Physician 
Erhard R. W. Fox and John Olwin, Reside 

Andrew J. Weiss, Resident Pediatrician 
William C. Fisher, Resident Neurologist andi| 

Paul Hurwitz and Gerald E. Schneider. Resident' 

S. W. Hughes and Ralph W. Rucker, Resident! 

Laryngologists and Otologists 
Hugo Baum, Resident Obstetrician and Gynecol-- 

Henry H. Halley, Jr., Asst. Resident Pathologist 
Russell C. Hanselman, Asst. Resident Pathologist 
Norbert Lilleberg, Obstetrician on Out-Patient 

Dr. Rex Palmer was substitute Resident Surgeon 

from Sept. 1, 1937 to Jan. 1, 1938. 


In the data published herein about former 
interns, symbols used to designate specialties 
are those used in American Medical As 
directory as follows: 

S — Surgery. 

IndS — Industrial Surgery. 

Ob — Obstetrics. 

G — Gynecology. 

ObG — Obstetrics and Gynecology. 

Or — Orthopedic Surgery. 

Pr — Proctology. 

U— Urology. 

D — Dermatology. 

Oph — Ophthalmology. 

ALR — Otology, Laryngology. Rhinology. 

OALR — Ophthalmology, Otology, Laryngol- 
ogy, Rhinology. 

Pd — Pediatrics. 

N — Neurology. 

P — Psychiatry. 

NP — Neurology and Psychiatry. 

I* — Internal Medicine. 

T — Tuberculosis. 

Anes — Anesthesia. 

CP— Clinical Pathology. 

R — Roentgenology, Radiology. 

Path — Pathology. 

Bact — Bacteriology. 

A star following the sy 
rson listed limits his pr 

idicates that the 
to that specialty. 

Other Abbreviations 

Other abbreviations which may not be 
self-explanatory are: 

S-Oral— Oral Surgery. 
Pharm —Pharmacology. 
G-U — Geni to-Urinary Surgery. 

Res — Resident on Staff of Hospital list. 
P-R— Postgraduate. 

Teaching positions in medical schools are 
designated by giving the name of the Univer- 
sity of which the school is a part, except that 
name "Rush" is used to indicate those on the 
faculty of that college, now a part of the 
University of Chicago, while the University 
designation indicates that the person is a 
member of the South Side faculty. 

Hospital staff connections, if known, are 
indicated wherever names of hospitals are in' 
eluded in the data. 


Those who served as interns in the 
Presbyterian Hospital from 1884 to 1929 
were listed in the January Bulletin, 
which was dedicated to our interns, past 
and present. The list of interns from 
1929 to date is presented herewith. For 
Key to Symbols and Abbreviations see 
page 2. The following names are listed 
under the year in which each internship 
began : 

Horace G. Scott — Minneapolis (S) 
Henry K. Jacobs — Chicago,, Univ. of Chicago 

Ralph W. Beardsley — Livermore, la. 
John A. Fisher — Cincinnati (U*) 
Warren Matthews — Atlanta, (ia.. Emory Univ. 
Ralph H. Fouser — Chicago (S), Rush; West 

Suburban, Oak Park and Garfield Pk. Hosps. 
Harry Bunyan Burr — Houston, Tex. 
James R. Shamblin — Tuscaloosa, Ala. 
Libuse Kostelecky — Unknown 
James I. Wargin — Los Angeles 
Wayne Gordon — Chicago, Univ. of Chicago 
Elbert Van Buren — Atlanta, (ia. (I*). Emory 

Frederic R. Isaacs — Lawrence, Kan. (ObG) 
Adelbert L. Dippel — Baltimore, .Johns Hopkins 

Hosp. (Res.) 
Ivanoel Gibbons — Ambala, Punjab, India 
Ernest L. Stebbins — Albany, N. Y., State Dept. 

of Health 
Evan Mansfield Barton — Chicago, Rush; Presby- 

John Wesley Foster — Chicago (I*) 
Lawrence A. Williams — Indianapolis, Ind. (I-*) 
William J. Kirby — Chicago (I*), Rush; Pres- 
byterian Hosp. 
Thomas D. Masters — Springfield, 111. (I*) 
John Allen Wilson — St. Paul, Minn. (I*) 
Willard L. Wood— Chicago (I*). Rush; Pres- 

M. Meredith Baumgartner — Janesville, Wis. (I*) 
Sarah Elizabeth McFetridge — Shepherdstown, W. 
Va. (Anes) 

Carl Edwin Carlson — Aitkin, Minn. 
William S. Elliott — Newark. 111. 
Martha Kohl — Eau Claire, Wis. (ObG) 
William Stauffer — Allentown, Pa. 
John Talbot Gernon — Chicago (U*), Univ. of 

111.; Lake View Hosp. 
Theodore H. Gasteyer — Oaklawn, 111. 
Frances E. Wynekoop — Chicago (Anes), Rush 
John C. Bennett — Deceased 

John M. Dorsey — Chicago (S*), Rush; Presby- 
terian and Cook Co. Hosps. 
Hugh A. Edmonson — Pasadena, Calif. 
Glenn G. Ehrler — Downers Grove, 111. 
G. William Fox — Milwaukee. Wis. (S*) 
R. Kennedy Gilchrist — Chicago (S), Rush; 

Presbyterian Hosp.; Res. Surg. Presbyterian 

Hosp. 1932-34 
William P. Harbin, Jr. — Rome. Ga. (I*) 
Henry Nelson Harkins — Chicago (S), Univ. of 

Wm. Roy Hewitt — Tucson, Ariz. (I*) 
Paul H. Herron — Spokane, Wash. (Pd), Res. 

Pd. Presbyterian Hosp. 1933 
Luke W. Hunt — Chicago, Univ. of Chicago Clin. 
Edward K. Martin — Frankfort, Ky. (ObG) 
Elwood W. Mason — Milwaukee, Wis., Res. Phys. 

Presbyterian Hosp. 1932-34 
Howard J. Morrison — Savannah, Ga. (Pd*) 
Wilmot F. Pierce — Oak Park, 111. 
William I. Sadler— Unknown 
Robert F. Sharer — Chicago (S), Loyola Univ. 
Glenn Wm. Toomey — Devils Lake, N. D. 

Eugene A. Ockuly — Toledo, O. (U*) 
Ralph E. J. Le Master — Marion. Ind. 
Harry Boysen — Chicago (ObG), Rush; Presby- 
terian Hosp. 
Lemuel C. McGee — Elkins, W. Va., Davis Mem. 

James R. Webster — Chicago (D*), Rush; Cook 

County Hosp. 
Cornelius B. Wood — Clare, Mich. (S) 

(1931 Continued) 

Myron M. Weaver — Indianapolis, Ind. 

John M. Waugh — Rochester, Minn. (S*), Mayo 

William M. McGrath— Grand Island, Nebr.. Res. 

Phys. Presbyterian Hosp. 1934-35 
Arvid Johnson — Rockford, III. (I*) 
Clarence K. Elliott — Lincoln, Nebr. (I*) 
John M. Scott- Canton, O. (ObG*) 
Theodore M. Ebers — Los Angeles 
Virginia Trelease — Iowa City, Ia. (Mrs. Frank 

Huff), University Hosp. 
O. Theodore Roberg, Jr. — Chicago (S), Swedish 

Egbert H. Fell— Chicago (S), Rush: Presby- 
terian Hosp.; Res. Surg. Presbyterian Hosp. 

Chester B. Davis — Lincoln, 111. 

James W. Hubly — Rochester, Minn., Mayo Clin. 

John W. Peelen — Kalamazoo. Mich.; Res. ObG 
Presbyterian Hosp. 1931 

Armin F. Schick — Chicago 
Charles W. Eisele — Chicago, Univ. of Chicago 

Frank A. Remde — Bottineau. N. Dak. 
Robert P. Lytle — Cleveland, O. (U*) 
Arthur W. Burgess — Iowa Falls, Ia. (S) 
H. Weston Benjamin — Boston, Mass.. Boston 

Louis J. Geerlings — Picher, Okla. 
John Harold Mills — Rochester, Minn., Mayo Clin. 
Fred M. Marquis — Waterloo, Ia. 
Bernard S. Kalayjian — Indianapolis, Methodist 

Episcopal Hosp. (Res.) 
Hamilton H. Greenwood — Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 
Clarence W. Monroe — Oak Park, 111.; Res. Surg. 

Presbyterian Hosp. 1935-36 
Harvey C. Roll — Chicago, Clin. Asst. Med., Rush 
Harry L. Schwartz — Kenosha, Wis. (ObG) 
Carl A. Smith — Los Angeles (Path*) 
Frank B. Papierniak — Cleveland 
Paul G. Schmidt, Jr. — Cottonwood, Minn. 
Wm. Mary Stephens — Chicago (NP), Children's 

Mem. Hosp. (Res.) 
Harold Judd Noyes — Chicago, Rush: Presbyterian 

Carl Geo. Ashley — Portland. Ore. (Pd*) 
Edgar Andrew Rygh — Highland Park, 111. (ObG) 
K. M. Grant — Halifax, Nova Scotia 
Paul Gordon Tobin — Elgin, 111. 
Philip O. C. Johnson — Seattle, Wash. 
W. R. Albus — Fort Sheridan, 111. 
David Frank Loeweu — New York City, Bellevue 

Hosp. (Res.) 


Allen K. Cameron — Detroit 
Edwin F. Neckermann — Elmhurst. 111. (I*) 
Frederick B. Zombro — Los Angeles (U) 
C. Jack Harrison — Chicago (Pd). Rush; Presby- 
terian Hosp., Res. Pd. 1935 
Stanton A. Friedberg — Chicago 
Marvin Merton Dickey — Richmond, 111. 
Ralph L. Hawkins — Boston, Mass. Eye and Ear 

Infirmary (Res.) 
George W. Warrick — Birmingham, Ala. 
Walker B. Henderson — Kemmercr, Wyo. 
J. Harrrs Timermap — Chicago 
George A. McNaughton — Toronto. Ont., Can. ; 

Res. I'd. Presbyterian Hosp. 1934 
Roger C. Henderson — Clifton,; O. 
Matthew McKirdie — Iowa City, Ia. University 

Hosp. (Res. Surg.) 
Reuben B. Gaines — Chicago (U*), Alexian 

Brothers and 111. Masonic Hosps. 
Kenneth R. Nelson — San Francisco, P. A. Surg., 

U. S. P. H. S., U. S. Marine Hosp. 
Oram C. Woolpert— Columbus, O. (Bact), Ohio 

State Univ. 
Carl Fred'k Hammerstrom — Detroit, Henrv Ford 

Keith S. Grimson— Chicago, U. of C. Clinics 
Max Marvin Goldstein — Fresno, Calif. 
Cecil Charles Draa — Chicago (ObG), Clin. Asst. 
Rush; Asst. to Dr. E. I). Allen 

John W. Devereux — Honolulu. Hawaii 
Frank W. Blatchford — Winnetka, 111. 
Wm. Lorenz Haltom — Durham, S. C. 


Robert Lee Currie — Houston, Ter. (ObG) 
Louis H. Kermott, Jr. — Rochester, .Mayo Clinic 
Robert S. Westpahl — Bingham Canyon, Utah 
Robert W. W. Phillips— Wheeling, W.Ya. 
Henry Herman Young — Rochester, Minn.. Man 

(1934 Continued) 

Herbert C. Breuhaus — Chicago (Beverly Hills), 
Clin. Asst. in Med., Rush 

James W. Merricks — Chicago, Asst. to Dr. 
Robert H. Herbst 

Ashley M. Brand — Chicago 

William C. Smail Meridian, Idaho 

Lucian A. Smith — Rochester, Minn., Mayo Clinic; 
Rochester State Hosp. 

Hollis F. Garrard— Brooklyn, N. Y., Kings Coun- 
ty Hosp. 

Henry S. Dickerman, Jr. — Chicago 

E. Seymour Burge — St. Anthony, Newfoundland, 
(irenfell Hosp. 

John R. Durburg — Chicago 

John T. Hauch — Preston, Ont.. Can. 

Wm. Garrett Winter, Jr. — Holland, Mich. 

Roland L. Kesler — Chicago, Res. Phys. Presby- 
terian Hosp. 

Randall G. Sprague — Rochester. Mayo Clinic 


Edwin Simon Murphy — Joliet. 111. 

John H. Olwin — Chicago, Res. Surg. Presbyterian 

William E. Looby — Highland Park, 111. 

Keitt H. Smith — Greenville. S. C. 

Hugo Carl Baum — Chicago, Res. ObG, Presby- 
terian Hosp. 

Willard G. DeYoung — Chicago 

William D. Warrick — Chicago, Asst. to Dr. H. 
L. Kretsclimer 

Gilbert B. Greene — Birmingham, Ala. 

Sidney P. Waud — Chicago 

Charles P. Brown — Norfolk, Va. 

John Edward Tysell — Chicago. Asst. to Dr. J. B. 

Rex H. Wilson — Akron. 0. 

Bert G. Nelson — Chicago. Asst. to l>r. Wilber 

H. Sidney Heersma — Kalamazoo, Mich. 

Felix S. Alfenito, Jr. — New York City 

Joseph R. Bennett — Chicago 

Franklin K. Gowdy — Brooklyn, N. Y., Kings 

County Hosp. 
Robert B. Cragin — San Jose, Calif. 
Arthur W. Fleming — Chicago. Clin. Asst. Med.. 

Robert B. Rutherford — Boston. Mass. Gen. Hosp. 
Charles P. Catalano — New York City 

Robert C. Ranquist — Chicago. Asst. to Dr. 0. S. 

Isaiah Wiles— Chicago. Central Free Dispensary 
Moses John Holdsworth — Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Paul C. Doehring, Jr. — Rochester, Minn., Mayo 

Lamont R. Schweiger — Rochester, Minn., Mayo 

Russell C. Hanselman — Chicago, Asst. Res. Path., 

William T. Black, Jr. — Memphis, Tenn. 

Harry E. Brown — Chicago 

Milton H. Ivens — McLeansboro, 111. 

Gurth Carpenter — Chicago, Billings Hosp. 

Richard D. Pettit — Chicago, Billings Hosp. 

Donald A. McCannel — Minot, N. Dak. 

Travis A. French — Boston 

Willard G. Thurston — St. Louis 

Louis A. McRae — Chicago, Asst. to Dr. N. S. 

Heinz 0. E. Hoffman — Rochester, Minn., Mayo 

Kempton L. German — Joliet, 111. 

Interns whose service began in 1930 and has 
not yet been completed are: Francis M. Lyle, 
J. John Westra and Chester H. Waters, Jr. 


Those who began i 
still on the stair are: 
Francis J. Phillips 
Fred Jensen 
Thomas W. Reul 
Charles A. Barnes 
Robert A. Orr 
Joe R. Brown 
Michael O'Heeron 
Carl W. Olander 
Wesley H. Anderson 
Henry E. Wilson, Jr. 


Arch S. Morrow 
Robert T. Bandi 
T. Wilson McVety 
Ann Huizinga 
Nathan C. Plimpton 
Albe M. Watkins 
Paul Goodman 
Philip M. Howard 
Ralph Hibbs 
Rollin Bunch 

Franklin B. Mead Robert Augustine 

Michael Joseph Dardas 

New Equipment, Furnishings and Repairs Cost 
#95,426 in 1937 — More Improvements Planned 

New equipment, furnishings and repairs involved an expenditure of $95,426 in 
1937 according to the report presented at the annual meeting of the Hospital Society, 
Jan. 19, by Mr. John McKinlay, president of the Board of Managers. Mr. McKinlay 
also announced that additional improvements and replacements have been scheduled 
for the near future. Important among the latter will be a newly remodeled and equip- 
ped suite for pre-mature and other immature infants, 40 new cribs of an improved 
type for the infant wards, two additional 

examining rooms on the first floor, new 
canopy of fitting design for the main en- 
trance, and refurnishing of at least 12 
private rooms. Other replacements, im- 
provements and repairs also are planned. 
New equipment installed in 1937 in- 
cluded an improved type of respirator 
(iron lung), four new X-ray units and a 
new electro-surgical unit. Infants and 
children's wards were equipped with 
glass cubicles as a safeguard against 
spread of infections. Six private rooms 
were redecorated and refurnished. Re- 
decorating or other improvements were 
carried out in several departments. 

Expenses Total #1,056,275 

Bequests and other contributions to- 
ward endowment and in the form of 
special gifts amounted to $85,241. The 
hospital expended $1,056,275 for all pur- 
poses in 1937, of which $165,428 repre- 
sented the cost of care given to free 

Highlights from the report of Mr. Asa 
S. Bacon, superintendent, were published 
in our January Bulletin. Others who 
spoke briefly at the annual meeting were 
Dr. Emmet B. Bay, dean of Rush Medi- 
cal College; Dr. Vernon C. David, presi- 
dent of the Medical Board; Dr. E. Z. 
Irons, former dean of Rush Medical Col- 
lege and head of the hospital medical 
service; Dr. George W. Duvall, super- 
intendent of Central Free Dispensary; 
Mrs. Ernest E. Irons, president of the 
Woman's Board; and Miss M. Helena 
McMillan, director of the School of 

All officers and board members whose 
terms expired this year were reelected. 



Patients who were well enough to asse: 
in the chapel Saturday afternoon, Jan. 2 2, 
were delightfully entertained with a puppet 
show, presented by Mr. Burr Tillstrohm, pro- 
fessional puppeteer and his troupe of small 
performers. The entertainment was arranged 
by Mrs. Clement Pollock, chairman of the en- 
tertainment committee of the Woman's Board, 
who with members of her committee pushed 
wheel chairs and otherwise assisted patients 
from wards and rooms to the chapel. 

public 1 
23 unde 

Dr. Ernest E. Irons gave 
at Goodman Theatre, Jan. 23 under the 
auspices of the Chicago Medical Society on 
the topic "The Problem of Arthritis and Its 




In her report at the annual meeting 
of the Hospital Society, Miss M. Helena 
McMillan, director of the School of 
Nursing and superintendent of nurses 
in the hospital, announced that a spring 
class will be admitted to the school the 
latter part of March. A special course 
in public health nursing was added to 
the curriculum last fall. 

April 3 is the date selected by the 
School of Nursing Committee for the 
annual benefit bridge party to be given 
at Sprague Home. This is the only bene- 
fit affair given during the year under the 
auspices of the Woman's Board, which 
raises its funds mainly through direct 
contributions. The bridge party is an oc- 
casion for friends of the school to gather 
socially and assist in providing funds for 
scholarships and loans and to pay the 
salary of a director for the Florence 
Nightingale chorus. The chorus, di- 
rected by Mr. Birch will present a group 
of songs for the entertainment of those 
who attend the party. Reservations for 
tables at $5 each will be received at the 
Woman's Board meeting on March 7, 
by Mrs. Alva A. Knight, chairman, and 
members of the committee. 

Corrections and Additions 

Following are some of the corrections and 
additions which should be made in the List of 
Interns as published in the January Bulletin: 

E. J. Mellish (1886-87)— Deceased 
Charles Dewey Center (1896)- Deceased in 1934 
Frank W. Miller (1896) — Deceased, Dec. L937 
following a stroke in his home in Los Angeles. 
George T. Ayres (1899) — Ely, Minn. Dr. Ay its 


e due beca 





was inad\ 

and a 



- list 




Sedgwick ( 






Johnson ( l 


) — 










lis (I*), 



01 ll 


i. Nar 

ie v. 


Bertnard G. Smith (1904)— Los Angeles (!•). 
Univ. of Southern Calif. Name was listed as 
(i. B. smith iii mir original records. 

Hollenbeck (1900)- Deceased aboul 

ii-s anci al his home in Lincoln. Neb. 

Rizer, George Goodrich, Henry R. 

and Henry Neill Whitelaw were in- 


Robert I. 

Attention of all former interns and resi- 
dents is called to the article on page 2 in the 
January Bulletin suggesting that a reunion 
be held during 1938. We have received a 
number of responses to date but should hear 
from many more before taking further steps I 
looking toward such an event. Read the 
propositions as outlined by Dr. Rudolph 
Holmes (1895) in the above mentioned 
article and send your views at once to the 
editor of the Bulletin. 

All former interns and others are urged 
to send at once to the editor of the Bulletin, 
corrections as to spelling, dates, present loca- 
tion, etc. pertaining to names appearing in 
the List of Interns published in this and the 
January issues, such data being desired for 
our permanent records. 


Our present Intern and Resident Staff re- 
cently formed an organization of which Dr. 
Thomas W. Reul is president and Dr. Joe E. 
Brown, secretary. Dr. Reul, Dr. Frances J. 
Phillips and Dr. R. L. Kesler comprise the 
executive committee. 




Telephone: Seeley 7171 













..Asst. Secretary 

Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable 
Alfred T. Carton 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
John B. Drake 
James B. Forgan, J 
Albert D. Farwell 
Alfred E. Hamill 
Charles H. Hamill 
Edw. D. McDougal 


Fred A. Poor 
Theodore A. ! 
Rev. John Tir 
Stone, D.D. 
R. Douglas Stuart 
Robert Stevenson 
J. Hall Taylor 
John P. Welling 
Edward F. Wilson 


Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 

Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 

Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 

Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


VERNON C. DAVID, M.D President 


MRS. ERNEST E. IRONS president 


ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 

M. HELENA McMILLAN Director, School of Nursing 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital. 

Fine PreslMMaffiL Hospta 

ojv trie City <yy Skicagcy 




Chicago, 111. 

March, 1938 


. 30, No. 3 




Staff for Varied Duties 




£> £ 

n r i n « ^ r>\ ok - ..< . <-> r»- 

ft 'ft . ft , .(^. , «> ft ft 4jff) 

This number of our Bulletin is devoted mainly to presenting information about the personnel, equipment and procedures 
of the operating rooms in the Presbyterian Hospital, where last year a total of 12,275 patients were cared for. While the 
! skillful work of the surgeon is the axis on which everything else in this department revolves, the assisting personnel, facilities 
land materials provided by the hospital are indispensable factors in the accomplishment of the surgeon's task. 

The group of 38 persons shown in the above picture comprises the staff on regular duty in our surgical department on 
the sixth floor. In addition two cleaning women on the staff of the housekeeping department are assigned for full time duty 
Jin the department, and many other departments serve the operating room patient in various ways. 

First row, left to right — Florence Johnson, Frances Ross and Virginia Ray, graduate nurses; Bertha Ellingson, graduate 
nurse in charge of the department; Dorothy Schafer, graduate nurse assistant to nurse in charge; Dorothy Hassinen, Ruby 
Alvig and Clara Koenig, graduate nurses. 

Second row, left to right — Jeanette Grube, secretary; Jeanne Strom, student nurse; Karla Jensen, Kathryn Harris, 
Elizabeth Kempers, Marie Kolbus, Louise Matthews and Margaret Jackson, graduate nurses; Ruth Stauffcr, student nurse; 
Ethel Burkhardt, telephone operator. 

Third row, left to right — Dorothy Provine, Ruth Butterfield. Jane Clark, Doris Gates, Miss Angie VandenBerg, Jane 
Simons, Elizabeth Giles, Cleon Meythaler, Gladys Duvall and Vianna Simolin, student nurses. 

Fourth row, left to right — Rose Schramek and May Garrity, helpers; Arthur Chaisson, Franklin Higgins, Roy Jacobson 
and David Foulkes, orderlies; Hazel Cloud and Violet Paez, helpers. 


Careful Management Necessary 

in Carrying Through 

Day's Schedule 

Caring for a daily average of 40 pa' 
tients was the task performed by the 
surgical department of the Presbyterian 
Hospital last year. Of 12,275 patients 
cared for, 1,935 had major operations 
and 10,540 came to the operating rooms 
for minor operations and various other 
surgical procedures. 

To provide space, equipment, nursing 
and other service for an average of 40 
patients per day in eight operating room 
units requires careful management, 
equipment that is well selected so that it 
can be used interchangeably in different 
units for any operation, and well trained 
personnel having not only a knowledge 
of operations and surgical technique but 
a working ability gained only through 
practical experience. Five of these eight 
units are equipped for major surgery and 
three for minor surgery. 

Ready for Emergencies 

Emergency operations have the right 
of way at any hour of the day or night 
and one operating unit is in readiness at 
all times for this purpose. All other 
operations are scheduled the preceding 
night in a book kept for this purpose in 
the doctors 1 study room. The operating 
surgeon's intern usually attends to this 
in the late afternoon or early evening. 
The resident surgeon then checks over 
the list, assigning units to be used and 
making any necessary adjustments as to 
the hours that have been scheduled so as 
to avoid any conflict. When the sched' 
ule is unusually heavy with operations, 
each of which may be of long duration, 
it may be necessary to confer with sev- 
eral surgeons by telephone in order to 
work out a satisfactory schedule. 

Unit Heads Organize Work 

The operating schedule is typed in 
duplicate early in the morning and a 
copy is posted on the operating room 
bulletin board so that when the surgical 
nursing staff reports for duty, the head 
of each unit knows by looking at the 
schedule what part is assigned to her 
team. She proceeds at once to get the 
unit in readiness, assembling the neces- 
sary instruments and supplies. She also 
takes note of the order of operations and 
organizes the work of her team so that, 
by the time one operation is finished, 
others may follow in rapid succession. 
While one patient is being operated, the 
next patient is made ready and anes 
thetised in an adjoining room. Often 


Surgical supplies bought for use in 

operating rooms and on the nursing 

floors last year included the following: 

^80,000 small folded squares of 

gauz,e, called surgical sponges 

22 5,000 yards of new 36-inch 

gauze for dressings, bandages, 


4,170 new pairs of rubber gloves 

20,760 sets of catgut sutures, each 

set consisting of five lengths 

For aseptic purposes we used: 

120 barrels of green liquid sur- 
gical soap 

100,000 bichloride of mercury 

1000 gallons of alcohol 

4 barrels of cresol, which is diluted 
20 to 30 times in our pharmacy 

Smaller quantities of numerous 
other antiseptics and disinfec- 


Dr. Burrell O. Raulston, professor of medi- 
cine in the University of Southern California 
School of Medicine, was one of the speakers 
at the annual Congress on Medical Education 
and Licensure, at the Palmer House, Feb. 14 
and 1 5. Dr. Raulston is a former Presbyterian 
intern (1914) and was resident pathologist 
in our hospital for six years. 


Dr. Evarts A. Graham, of Washington 
University, St. Louis, gave a lecture at the 
University of Illinois College of Medicine on 
Feb. 16. While in Chicago Dr. Graham 
visited his mother, Mrs. D. W. Graham, 
honorary president of our hospital Woman's 
Board and widow of one of the founders of 
our hospital. Dr. E. A. Graham is a graduate 
of Rush Medical College, a former Pres- 
byterian intern (1908) and former member 
of our surgical staff. He is widely known for 
his development of a chemical compound used 
in making X-ray films of the gall bladder and 
for other contributions to the advancement of 
surgery, including several outstanding books. 

the patient just operated is taken out of 
one door while the one to be operated 
next is brought in through .mother door. 

If, as happens frequently, an opera- 
tion requires more time than had been 
anticipated, further adjustments must be 
made in the schedule and perhaps 
changes made in the operating unit as- 
signments as originally listed. The time 
required for an operation varies, of 
course, according to the kind of opera- 
tion and many other factors. Often the 
surgeon can accomplish his work in a 
few minutes. Many major operations are 
done in less than au hour. Others re- 
quire more time and in some instances 
this may extend to five or six hours. 



All of the 14 graduate nurses in the 
surgical department of the Presbyterian 
Hospital have had special training in the 
operating technique of surgical nursing. 
The nurse m charge of the department 
has had broad training and wide experi- 
ence in this field. Her assistant is a fully 
trained surgical nurse. Five of the grad- 
uate nurses are qualified to head nursing I 
teams and assist at any kind of opera- 
tion. Others have special training in 
certain types of operating technique and 
are receiving training which eventually 
will make them proficient on all surgical 
services. Other personnel in the surgical 
department includes 12 student nurses, 
one secretary, one telephone operator, 
four orderlies, four women helpers and 
two full time cleaning women. 

Personnel Requirements 

Each patient cared for in the operat- 
ing rooms requires the services of at 
least one nurse and one orderly to assist 
the patient and the surgeon. Some cases 
require as many as two graduate nurses 
and two student nurses. Other hospital 
personnel usually assisting includes one 
or more interns and a resident surgeon. 

Four distinct responsibilities are as- 
sumed by the surgical nurse in our oper- 
ating rooms. Her responsibility to the 
patient consists of attention to his mental 
and physical comfort while he is awake 
and protection from mishap or injury 
while he is asleep. Her obligation to the 
surgeon involves an intelligent selection 
and preparation of materials, efficient 
assistance at operations, and the proper 
care of records and specimens. Her third 
responsibility is that of giving to the 
student nurse instruction and supervision 
m the practical application of her studies 
on the different services. Her fourth re- 
sponsibility is to the hospital for effi- 
ciency in every detail of her work. 

Network of Activity 

With the exception of the attending 
surgeon and the anesthetist, the hospital 
provides all professional and other per' I 
sonnel required to serve the patient 
while he is in the operating room as well 
as all equipment and supplies used. In 
advance of the carrying out of the day's 
operative schedule there is a veritable 
network of activity not only in the sur- 
gical department itself but reaching also 
to the sterile supply department, the 
splint room, hospital laundry, hospital 
pharmacy and other departments 




Asepsis Rigidly Observed 

The surgical work of the Presbyterian 
Hospital embraces every type of surgery, 
classified under ten different services as 
follows: general, bone and orthopedic, 
neurological, plastic, urological, gyneco- 
logical; ear, nose and throat; eye, oral, 
and chest. General surgery includes 
stomach and intestines, gall bladder, ap- 
pendix, hernia, spleen, etc. 

Each of the five major operating units 
consists of an operating room, sterilising 
room and preparation room. Minor units 
have their own sterilising rooms or are 
near those attached to other operating 
rooms. Also on the operating room floor 
are the office of the surgical nurse in 
charge of the department, two work 
rooms used for the care of soiled mate- 
rials and instruments and the prepara- 
tion of supplies, a linen room and four 
dressing rooms for surgeons, anesthetists 
and department personnel. 

Equipment Is Expensive 

Operating room equipment is expen- 
sive as are also surgical instruments. An 
operating table costs from $300 to $1000, 
according to type. A new lamp for one 
of the large operating rooms costs up to 

After each using, surgical instruments 
require special care in the way of cleans- 
ing, sorting and sterilizing. Equal care 
is necessary in the assembling of the in- 
struments for an operation. Not only is 
accurate knowledge required as to the 
instruments the surgeon will use in a 
given operation, but the operating room 
nurse must know how to handle the in- 
struments aseptically both in preparation 
for and during the operation. Water 
used at an operation is filtered, sterilised 
and cooled. 

Care of Operative Linen 

All linen used in the operating room 
is sent to the laundry in bags and is 
washed separately from other hospital 
laundry after being rinsed in cold water 
and treated with a germicide solution 
which removes stains and bacteria. After 
being laundered, it is sent to the linen 
room in the operating department, where 
it is sorted, folded in a special way, 
placed in bags and sterilised. The method 
of folding is designed so that when the 
nurse takes the articles out of the bag 
for use in the operating room, a mini- 
mum amount of handling is possible. 
She can unfold a towel at one flip, un- 
fold a sheet quickly by touching only 
the corners which hang toward the floor 
and never come in contact with the pa- 
tient, and slip into a surgical gown her- 


-!■■ i , ■ 

Our new electro-surgical unit presented to the hospital recently by Miss Anna Williams is 
the best unit of its kind now on the market. It is readily adaptable for use in all types of 
surgery in which it is desirable to cauterize, fulgurate (heat thermally) or excise (remove) 
tissue. It is used in general surgery as well as in the surgical specialties such as nose and throat, 
genito-urinary, neuro-surgery, bronchoscopic and other delicate surgical procedures. The new 
unit replaces a less efficient machine formerly used in our general surgery operating room and 
supplements other units which some of our surgeons provide for their own use in specialized work. 

self or assist the surgeon into his gown 
by touching only the tie strings in the 

Dressings and Bandages 

Gause dressings of different sises, rolls 
of bandage m different widths and 
lengths are prepared in the sterile sup- 
ply room, being cut from yard gause and 
folded so that all raw edges are inside 
the dressing or bandage strip. Here also 
are prepared the gause covered cotton 
pads used as outside dressings. These 
and other supplies prepared in the sterile 
supply room are sterilised after reach- 
ing the operating room floor. Eight 
women are employed full time in the 
sterile supply department to prepare sup- 
lies used in the operating rooms, on the 
nursing floors and in the obstetrical de- 
partment of the hospital. 

Other Aseptic Measures 

Pitchers, basins and other granite arti- 
cles used in our operating rooms are 
scoured and rinsed after being used, 
placed in bags and sterilised. 

Floors in all operating rooms are 
scrubbed thoroughly once in 24 hours. 
After each operation the floor of the 
operating room is washed and if the case 
was infectious, the floor is treated with 
deodorants and antiseptics. 

Articles used in an average operating 
day in our hospital include 900 pieces of 
linen, 800 instruments, 115 pairs of rub- 
ber gloves, 215 pieces of granite ware 
and many special supplies such at catgut 
| sutures, surgical sponges, dressings, etc. 




Because of the function of anesthesia 
in the practice of surgery, it is fitting 
that attention be called to the fact that 
March 14, 1938, marked the 15th anni- 
versary of the first use of ethylene-oxygen 
as an anesthetic. The first operations in 
which ethylene-oxygen was administered 
were performed by Dr. Arthur Dean 
Bevan in the Presbyterian Hospital, 
March 14, 192 3, with Dr. Isabella C. 
Herb as the administering anesthetist. 

Dr. Arno B. Luckhardt, professor of 
physiology at the University of Chicago, 
with the assistance of Dr. J. Bailey 
Carter, discovered the anesthetic property 
of ethylene when separated from other 
constituents of illuminating gas. Then- 
extensive experiments culminated in a 
demonstration at the University of Chi- 
cago on March 11, 1923, witnessed by a 
group of surgeons and anesthetists. In 
the 15 years that have since elapsed, 
ethylene-oxygen has replaced other anes- 
thetics in hundreds of hospitals through- 
out the world and has been administered 
in several million operations. 

In the Presbyterian Hospital ethylene- 
oxygen has proved highly satisfactory in 
a majority of the operations for which 
general anesthesia is desired. It is used 
extensively alone and with excellent 
results in conjunction with ether or local 

Reunion of Presbyterian Interns Is Set for 

June 6 — Rush Alumni Banquet On June 7 

Because of the numerous expressions of interest and approval received from 
former interns, an instructive and gay reunion is being planned for Monday, June 6, 
1938. Arrangements are under the general supervision of Dr. Gatewood. Although 
several reunions of ex-interns were held in earlier years, the 1938 plans contemplate 
a reunion such as has never been held at the Presbyterian Hospital, and is expected 
to bring a large number of former interns here, including many eminent physicians 
and surgeons from different parts of the country. 

The Intern Alumni Reunion will be 

held in conjunction with a two-day pro- 
gram of Rush Medical College Alumni 
clinics and ward rounds. Ward rounds 
will be conducted in the hospital on 
Monday, June 6, from 9:00 to 11:00 
A.M. From 11:00 A.M. to 1:00 P.M. 
an assembly will be held in the south 
amphitheatre of Rush Medical College, 
at which time short presentations given 
by a large number of staff men will em- 
brace all phases of the practice of medi- 
cine. These presentations will be concise 
summaries of current investigations and 
will contain information of value. 

At 1 :00 P.M. all ex-interns will be 
our guests at a buffet luncheon to be 
served in the chapel, along its entrance 
corridors or elsewhere if the number at- 
tending is too large to accommodate in 
any given location. Clinics in the various 
specialties will be conducted in the hos- 
pital that afternoon. In the evening a 
gala banquet will be held in a downtown 
hotel, details of which will be announced 
later. It will be a gala occasion long to 
be remembered. 

The following day, Tuesday, June 7, 
the Rush Medical College Alumni clinics 
will be held, and in the evening the Rush 
Alumni banquet will be served at the 
Drake Hotel. 


Former interns and others who received 
copies of the January and February Bulletins 
are again reminded of the importance of re- 
porting to the editor of the Bulletin immedi- 
ately any corrections or additions that should 
be made to the list of interns as published 
therein. We appreciate the corrections that 
have been sent and regret that among these 
must be reported several recent deaths. 

George W. Fox (1 *!>'.•) Deceased 

Alfred D. Kolm (1900)— Deceased 

Lewis A. Moore (1903) — Monroe, Wis. Dr. 
Moore has been located in Monroe for thirty 
years. Our failure t" find the name and loca- 

Carl Bernhardi (1904) Deceased 
George H. Kennett (1904)— Deceased 
Albertus B. Poppen (1909)- Deceased 

Muskegon, Mich. 
James E. Hunter (1915) Seattle <h 
Eiley A. Smedal (1916) Deceased in 

1938, La Ciossr. Wis. 
Austin D. Bates (1922) Deceased 


Members of our staff who presented 
papers at the February meeting of the 
Chicago Laryngological and Otological 
Society were: Dr. Louis Curry, "Diverti- 
culum of the Esophagus"; Dr. E. W. 
Hagens, "Congenital Dermoid Cyst and 
Fistule of the Dorsum of the Nose"; Dr. 
Linden J. Wallner, "Presentation of 
Radical Mastoidectomy with Reference 
to Status of Hearing"; Dr. George E. 
Shambaugh, Jr., "Recent Advances in 
the Diagnosis and Treatment of Deaf- 

Dr. Herman L. Kretschmer attended the 
annual meeting of the Clinical Society of 
Genito-Urinary Surgeons in Boston m Jan- 
uary. Dr. Kretschmer was president oi the 
society, which held its clinical meetings at the 
Peter Bent Brigham Hospital. 

At the January scientific meeting of the 
Evanston branch, Chicago Medical Society. 
Dr. Carl Apfelbach discussed "Pathology" 
and Dr. Adrien Verbrugghen, "Late Compli- 
cations" pertaining to head injuries. 

Dr. Clifford G. Grulee addressed a special 
meeting of the Union, Perry and Jackson 
Counties at Pinckneyvillc, Feb. 3, on "Care 
of the Newborn." 

Dr. Vernon C. David and Dr. R. Kennedy 
Gilchrist took part in the scientific program 
of the Chicago Surgical Society, Feb. 4, on 
the subject "Diverticulitis of the Colon on 
Abdominal Surgery and Especially on Sur- 
gery of the Large Bowel." 

Dr. VVillard Wood addressed the Du 
Page County Medical Society Feb. 16, at 
Wheaton. His topic was "Bronchial Asthma." 

Dr. A. E. Kanter was one of the speakers 
at a recent meeting of the Hancock County 
Medical Society. His topic was "Difficulties 
of Obstetric Diagnosis." 


Patients who were able to assemble in the 
chapel on Saturday afternoon, Feb. 19, were 
delightfully entertained by a program fur- 
nished by the Lakeview Musical Society. Miss 
Zazella BalagO, soprano, sang a group of 
Hungarian songs in costume. Miss Elisabeth 
Percy, violinist and Miss Marian Hall, pianist, 
were the other artists taking part. 

Paul C. Samson (1928)- 



Dr. Snapp Here As Patient 

Dr. Carl Snapp (Intern 1915), who has 

been a patient m our hospital lor the past 
several weeks, is planning to return to his 
home in Grand Rapids. Mich. soon. Dr. 
Snapp is he. id ol the Oto-Laryngological de- 
partment at Blodgett Memorial Hospital and 
on the attending stall of St. Mary's Hospital 
in Grand Rapids. 

Peterson - Rupp 

Miss Erma Peterson and Mr. Paul 
Rupp were married, March 6 at 6:00 
P.M., in the Third Presbyterian Church, 
the Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman officiating. 
They will reside in Chicago. Mr. Rupp 
is the inside night policeman at the Pres- 
byterian Hospital, having been appointed 
to this position a few months ago after 
being employed here in other capacities 
for eight years. 


Dr. George M. Curtis (Intern 1921-22) 
has recently been made chairman of the newly 
created Department of Research Surgery at 
the Ohio State University in Columbus, where 
he also is professor of surgery. 


Dr. Ann Huizinga, Dr. J. John Westra and 
Dr. Francis M. Lyle completed internships, 
March 1. New interns are Dr. J. Lin wood 
Smith and Dr. Richard R. Owens. 




Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 





FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable Fred A. Poor 

Alfred T. Carton Theodore A. Shaw 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Rev. John Timothy 

John B. Drake Stone, D.D. 

James B. Forgan, Jr. R. Douglas Stuart 

Albert D. Farwell Robert Stevenson 

Alfred E. Hamill J. Hall Taylor 

Charles H. Hamill John P. Welling 

Edw. D. McDougal, Jr. Edward F. Wilson 


Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 

Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 

Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 

Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


VERNON C. DAVID, M.D President 




ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 

M. HELENA McMILLAN Director, School of Nursing 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 
The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital 

Oie PtelbyiHMini frtospita 

trie Gity oy Gkicagc^ 



Chicago, 111. 

April, 1938 

Vol. 30, No. 4 


Presbyterian Friends, Others 

Help Provide Hospital 

Care for Needy 

Last year an average of 1,000 patients 
per month were admitted to beds in the 
Presbyterian Hospital. The total for the 
year was 12,108, an increase of 605 over 
1936 admissions. It cost $1,056,275 to 
maintain the hospital and the nurses 1 
school and home m 1937. New equip- 
ment, improvements and repairs involved 
an outlay of $95,426. 

Of the 12,108 patients admitted, 2,2 36 
were cared for entirely free and 6, 1 1 8 
were able to pay only a part of the cost 
of the care they received. The total 
cost of free care amounted to $165,428. 
This figure does not include the free ser- 
vices generously given to these patients 
by the physicians and surgeons on the 
Medical Staff of 115 men and women 
appointed from the faculty of Rush 
Medical College. Nor would our ever 
expanding ministry of mercy to those 
without means to pay for hospital care 
be possible without the generous support 
:of many public spirited men and women, 
.the most rigid economy consistent with 
efficiency, and the devoted service of 
every hospital employe. 

Each year on Easter Sunday, churches 
and Sunday Schools of the Chicago Pres- 
bytery receive special offerings to help 
support the charity work of the hospital. 
The Sunday School offerings are added 
to the endowment fund which supports 
rfree beds for sick children, while the 
offerings taken at church services help to 
].pay the cost of free care given to adult 
patients, many of whom are referred to 
us by churches. While making no dis- 
tinctions as to race, color or creed in its 
ministry of mercy, the Presbyterian Hos- 
pital regards as a gracious privilege its 
tservice to the righteous who, despite lack 
of means, are not forsaken in time of 
illness or accident. 

This charming nine-month old 
baby girl, who lived in an 
oxygen tent for five weeks, and 
the children shown in the lower 
picture are among those whose 
lives were saved and health re- 
stored in recent months through 
prolonged hospital care made 
possible by the Easter offerings 
of the Presbyterian Sunday 
Schools. The amount needed to 
complete the endowment for 
the support of Cheer Up Bed 
No. 9 is $933.26. It is hoped 
that this year's Easter offering 
will not only complete this en- 
dowment but also give us a good 
start on Cheer Up Bed No. 10. 
Last year 786 children were 
cared for entirely free in the 
Presbyterian Hospital. 



Free Beds for Children One of 

Numerous Projects of 

Woman's Board 

Accomplishments of the Presbyterian 
Hospital Woman's Board during 1937, 
as in previous years, were made possible 
through capable and unselfish service by 
the women who represented forty-one 
churches on the board, the public spirited 
women comprising the board's general 
membership, and the splendid coopera- 
tion of hundreds of other women who 
have participated in the varied activities 
sponsored by the board. 

Beautiful in its conception and in- 
estimable m the resultant benefits to the 
"least of these," is the plan of giving to 
the well and happy children in the Sun- 
day Schools an opportunity to contribute 
their small offerings to provide hospital 
care for little sick children. The unselfish 
gifts of the Sunday School children have 
inspired their elders to also give gener- 
ously, so that today in the Presbyterian 
Hospital a row of tiny cribs in one of the 
wards for babies, and a row of some- 
what larger beds in one of the children's 
wards are designated as "Cheer Up" beds 
dedicated to care for sick children whose 
parents are unable to pay for the hos- 
pital care needed. 

On 1938 Committee 

For several years the chairman of the 
Child's Free Bed Fund committee has been 
Mrs. William A. Douglass, whose husband 
was the first secretary of the Board of Man- 
agers of the hospital (organized in 1883), 
which office he held continuously until his 
death in 1935. Mrs. William B. Neal is vice- 
chairman, and the members of the 1938 com- 
mittee are: Mrs. Perkins B. Bass, Jr., Mrs. 
Lincoln M. Coy, Mrs. Halford H. Kittleman, 
Mrs. George B. McClary, Miss Isabel McNab, 
Mrs. John P. Mentzer, Mrs. Heber H. Smith, 
Mrs. E. G. Lindberg, and Mrs. Addison C. 
Hoof. Many others cooperate in promoting 
interest in the offering. Last year offerings 
from 49 Sunday Schools and special gifts 
from several individuals added a total of 
$1,196.36 to the Cheer Up Bed Endowment 

Three Tag Day Beds 

When the annual Children's Benefit League 
Tag day comes in early October each year, 
scores of church women and their interested 
friends are called upon to serve as taggers on 
street corners and other locations assigned to 
Presbyterian Hospital. Money collected on 
tag day has been used to endow three tag day 
beds for free care of children and helps pro- 
vide a full time social worker for the chil- 
dren's department. Mrs. William R. Tucker 
is chairman and Mrs. H. C. Patterson, vice- 
chairman of this committee. Receipts last year 
were $1,654. 

Many Donate Delicacies 

Mrs. John P. Mentzer and Mrs. G. G. 
Olmsted are co-chairmen of the Delicacies 
committee. Through the efforts of this com- 
mittee, 6,479 glasses of jelly, 81 quarts of 
fruit and preserves, 28 pints of grape juice 

The Easter Joy 

By Annie Johnson Flint 
Spring calls to earth, 
"Awa\e from thy dreaming 
The winter is over 
Thy death was but seeming. 
In place of the shadows, 
The cold and the gloom, 
Bring brightness and warmth 
And the flovjers in bloom; 
Stir the sap in the trees, 
Loose the streams from their prison — 
Oh, the joy of the world 
That her Savior has risen!" 

— Moody Bible Institute Monthly 

and. cash donations amounting to $3 31.90 
were contributed last year by 3 1 churches and 
wives of 17 members of the Medical Staff. 

Social Service Department 

The Woman's Board supports the Social 
Service department of the hospital, paying the 
salaries of the medical social workers, pro- 
viding clothing and other articles for distribu- 
tion by the department, and giving much 
volunteer assistance. Volunteer service of 
board members was supplemented last year 
by that of a group of Junior League volun- 
teers headed by Mrs. John Oliver, a member 
of the Woman's Board. These young women 
did clerical and other routine work which 
proved very helpful. 

All child patients who receive free care and 
many of the adult free patients are known to 
the Social Service department which takes 
such steps as may be needed to adjust home 
conditions and problems, provide necessary 
clothing, arrange convalescent care and other- 
wise assist these patients so that the greatest 
possible benefit will result from hospitaliza- 
tion. Last year 2,083 articles of wearing ap- 
parel, plus four complete layettes, were do- 
nated by the Woman's Board, churches, in- 
dividuals, the Baby's Valet Service, and three 
branches of the Needlework Guild in Chi- 
cago, Oak Park, and River Forest. Mrs. Mark 
Oliver is chairman of the Social Service com- 
mittee. Mrs. Frederick R. Baird is vice-chair- 

Library Serves Many 

The patients' library of 6,000 volumes is 
in a charge of a full time trained librarian 
whose salary is paid by the Woman's Board. 
Volunteer assistance is given by board mem- 
bers and other capable persons. Last year 
20,658 books and magazines were circulated 
among hospital patients, an average of 300 
different patients being served each month. 
Many new and recent books are donated, also 
many current magazines. Donated books, 
which, for any reason, cannot be utilized by 
the library are disposed of at bargain sales 
held in the hospital lobby. Receipts are used 
to buy new books, rebind worn books and 
provide miscellaneous supplies for the library. 
Several hundred books were donated at book 
showers held recently and book sales held so 
far this year have netted $150, while many of 
the books received were welcome additions to 
the library shelves. Mrs. Wilber E. Post is 
chairman of the Library committee. 

Thanksgiving Offering 

Through silver offerings collected at teas 
and other gatherings and special donations 
from churches and individuals, the 1937 
Thanksgiving offering amounted to $746.74. 
Mrs. W. B. McKeand is chairman and Mrs. 
Kellogg Speed, vice-chairman of this com- 

Sewing for Hospital Enlists 

Efforts of Groups in 

33 Churches 

Sewing articles for hospital use was 
one of the important activities of the 
women who, in May, 1884, formed a 
Ladies Aid Society to help the Presby- 
terian Hospital then nearing completion. 
The Ladies Aid Society found numerous 
other things to do for the hospital as has 
its successor, the Woman's Board, but 
throughout the years sewing for the hos- 
pital has enlisted the efforts of large 
numbers of church women and other in- 
terested friends. At the March meeting 
of the Woman's Board, Mrs. John W. j 
Bingham, chairman of the Needlework 
Guild and Silver committee, reported 
that since October 1937, groups in 33 
different churches had finished a total of 
7,779 articles — an average of 1,550 per 
month — for use in the hospital and for 
distribution by the hospital Social Ser- 
vice department and the Rush Medical 
College Baby Clinic. First Presbyterian 
Church women took first place in the 
number of articles sewed, their total be 
mg 1,062. 

Use Left-Over Wool 

Mrs. Bingham exhibited a child's sweater, 
woman's shoulderette and other knitted arti- 
cles which had been made from odds and ends 
of wool yarn donated by members of the 
board. Those present were urged to solicit i 
their friends for donations of any small '' 
amounts of yarn left over from their own i 
knitting projects and Mrs. Bingham said that 
her committee could find a use for all such 
donations, which may be addressed to Mrs. 
Bingham and left at matron's office in the 

In a previous report for 1937, presented at 
the annual meeting in January, Mrs. Bingham 
reported that church groups had sewed or 
knitted a total of 19,205 articles for hospital i 
use and 764 articles which were given to the 
Social Service department and the Baby 
Clinic. Mrs. William B. Neal is vice-chair- 
man of hospital sewing. 

Associate Memberships 

Presbyterian church women are privileged to 
share in the work of the Woman's Board 
through associate memberships, which range 
from $1 to $100. These memberships brought 
in $983 last year. This money is used as 
needed to support any of the activities spon- 
sored by the board. Miss Lucibcl Dunham, 
Shore Crest Hotel, is chairman. 

Solicit Special Gifts 

Two other committees whose accomplish- 
ments loom large in providing support for the 
board's projects are the Pledge Fund commit- 
tee headed by Mrs. R. Douglas Stuart and 
the Contributors' Fund committee of which 
Mrs. Charles S. Reed, 12 Scott St., is chair- 
man. The former solicits special gifts from 
board members and other Presbyterian worn- 
en, while the latter seeks contributions from 
public spirited women who are not Pres- 




Observe 35th Anniversary 


Thirty -five years ago on April 1, 1903, 
the School of Nursing of the Presby- 
terian Hospital admitted its first class. 
Graduates now total 1,441. Of these, 
275 are known to be doing institutional 
work; 200, private duty nursing; 112, 
public health nursing; 40, industrial 
nursing; 21, missionary nursing in home 
and foreign fields; and 21, miscellaneous 
work including hourly nursing, medical 
social service work, physiotherapy, 
X-ray, editorial, and other individual 
work. One is an airline stewardess. Two 
continued their studies in medical schools 
and are practicing physicians. The 35th 
anniversary was observed by a special 
dinner at Sprague Home. 

Miss M. Helena McMillan organized 
the school and is still its director. She 
also is superintendent of nursing in the 
Presbyterian Hospital. In 1936 Miss 
McMillan received the Saunders Medal 
for distinguished service to the cause of 
nursing. She has held important offices 
in national and state nursing organiza- 
tions and is widely known because of 
her advocacy of high standards in nurs- 
ing education. 

Throughout its history the School of 
Nursing has upheld Christian ideals of 
character and service. Its graduates have 
found, in varied fields of professional 
activity, abundant opportunity to ex- 
emplify these ideals. Outstanding among 
those who have chosen to utilize their 
nursing education in a special way are 
the 35 graduates who are known to have 
become missionary nurses in either home 
or foreign fields, and the 14 members of 
the present student body who plan to 
"go and do likewise." 

Serve in Many Countries 

Of the 3 5 graduates who became missionary 
nurses, 21 are now in home or foreign mis- 
sion fields. Some earlier graduates have re- 
turned to this country after serving for a 
number of years in mission fields, and some 
of those now in mission fields have been there 
for many years. Within the last few months, 
two graduates went to India and one to 
China. Two graduates have been in Shanghai 
throughout the Japanese invasion. Several 
are in other parts of China. Others are in 
India, Siam, South Africa, West Africa, 
Ethiopia, and Central America. Home mis- 
sion work employs others in Alaska, the 
Southwest and other parts of the United 

Mrs. Helen Donner Whiley (1935) and 
her husband, the Rev. Albert Whiley, have 
just been appointed by the Presbyterian Board 
of Foreign Missions to the West Africa Mis- 
sion and will leave this country the coming 
summer. Miss Mary Taylor (1936) has re- 
ceived an appointment to the same field. 

r$ n, 

n>fa i* $» ^ fa 

A tk Ik H, A 

These 14 students in the Presbyterian Hospital School of Nursing are preparing for 
work in home or foreign mission fields. Eight are members of the Class of 1938. Four are 
daughters of missionary parents and one is a niece of a famous missionary. 

Front row, left to right — Ronnie Seline, Elizabeth Wagoner, Hila Richards (niece of Dr. 
Hugh Taylor), Catherine Ollis, Carrie Belle Burgess, Charlotte Krug, and Agnes Rodgers. 

Back row, left to right — Winifred Hoekstra, Margaret Corliss, Florence Ingram, Fern 
Darling, Georgia Ruth Wuerding, Lois Marsilje, and Mary Louella Allison. 

Miss Helen Christensen (1931), who was 
sent to Santiago, Chile, by the Presbyterian 
Board of Missions, recently was asked by the 
government of that country to organize a na- 
tional program of public health nursing. 
* * * 

Mrs. George Thorne (Winona Hayenga, 
1928), who is the only missionary nurse sta- 
tioned at Central Hospital, Cameroun, South 
Africa, writes in a letter recently received: 
"This has been the busiest year in the history 
of Central Hospital. Over 13,000 came to 
the clinics for examination and over a thou- 
sand major operations were performed." 

Among the groups which help to create 
and maintain a Christian atmosphere in the 
School of Nursing is an active branch of the 
Young Women's Christian Association and a 
Christian Nurses Fellowship group. The lat- 
ter is affiliated with the Christian Youth 
League composed of various professional 


In its 5 5 years of existence as a medical 
teaching institution, Presbyterian Hospital has 
given training to more than 700 interns and 
residents. Many of these have become general 
practitioners in remote places, carrying on the 
tradition of the family doctor in its broadest 
sense. Some have become superintendents of 
church hospitals. Others are serving in home 
or foreign mission fields. Among the latter 
is Dr. Charles W. Lamme (1910), who is 
stationed at Tabriz, Persia, under appoint- 
ment of the Presbyterian Board of Missions. 

Dr. Ann Huizinga, who completed her in- 
ternship here March 1, plans to go to China, 
where her father is now stationed under the 
board of the Christian Reformed Church. 

Entertainments for Patients 

Mrs. Clement L. Pollock, 5 32 North Pine 
Street, is constantly on the lookout for talented 
entertainers who are willing to donate their 
services to provide entertainment for hospital 
patients who are well enough to assemble in 
the chapel for this purpose. Mrs. Pollock and 
the members of the Woman's Board Enter- 
tainment committee, not only arrange frequent 
programs of this kind but come to the hospital 
and assist patients, many of whom arc in 
wheel chairs, to the chapel. 



The Woman's Board of the hospital in- 
augurated, in 1910, the plan of awarding 
scholarships to assist School of Nursing stu- 
dents who were preparing for the mission 
field. During the 28 years since, approximately 
$8,500 has been expended for this purpose. 
Twenty-five young women have received such 
scholarships, most of them covering the period 
from completion of the six-month preliminary 
course to graduation from the school. Those 
selected as eligible for scholarships receive up 
to $120 per year which need not be repaid. 
With some exceptions, three scholarships have 
been awarded each year. Because of the in- 
creasing number of young women wishing to 
prepare for work as missionary nurses but 
lacking sufficient funds to do so, it may be 
necessary to increase the number of scholar- 
ships if funds for this purpose can be ob- 
tained. Many of those to whom scholarships 
have been awarded were daughters of mis- 
sionary parents. 

Have Loan Fund 

Mrs. Alva A. Knight is chairman of the 
School of Nursing committee of the Wom- 
an's Board. Mrs. Edwin M. Miller is vice- 
chairman in charge of scholarships and loans. 
Mrs. David W. Graham is an active member 
of the committee. It was while Mrs. Graham 
was president of the Woman's Board that the 
scholarship and loan plan was adopted at the 
suggestion of Mrs. Graham and Miss McMil- 
lan, director of the school. Students other 
than those receiving missionary scholarships 
or studying for the mission field are granted 
loans when referred by the director of the 
school as in need of assistance to complete 
their course. These loans are repaid within 
a reasonable period following graduation. 
Three scholarships totaling $360 and 13 loans 
amounting to $487 were provided last year. 

The School of Nursing committee also 
raised funds last year to install indirect light- 
ing in the school library, buy $125 worth of 
reference books, contribute $100 toward a 
new rug for the reception room at Sprague 
Home and pay the salary of a director for 
the Florence Nightingale chorus. This coin 
mittee also is responsible for providing volun- 
teers to assist at the Rush Medical College 
Baby Clinic. 

Hospital, Rush College, Central Free Dispensary 
Cooperate in Broad Program of Service to Sick 

Though conducted under separate and distinct managements, Presbyterian Hospital, 
Central Free Dispensary, and Rush Medical College constitute a triumvirate of insti- 
tutions which cooperate closely in a broad program of service to the needy sick. Last 
year Central Free Dispensary provided out-patient medical care to 29,271 different 
persons who made a total of 177,977 visits to its various clinics. Of those cared for, 
17,696 were new patients. Dr. Robert H. Herbst is president of the Central Free 
Dispensary board of directors and Dr. George W. Duvall is superintendent. 

The dispensary is maintained primarily 
to provide medical care for the indigent 
and, in order to restrict this care to those 
who actually are unable to employ a pri- 
vate physician, applicants other than 
emergency patients are investigated by 
the Social Service department of the dis- 
pensary, which has a staff of 1 1 medical 
social workers. Standards set up by a 
committee of the Council of Social Agen- 
cies, and revised twice a year to conform 
to changes in living costs, are the basis 
on which the dispensary applicant's eco- 
nomic inability to pay for medical ser- 
vices is determined, giving consideration 
to any special circumstances and prob- 
lems of the individual or the family. 

Hospitalization for 682 

Presbyterian Hospital provides free hospi- 
talization for dispensary-referred patients to 
the extent that its facilities and funds permit. 
Last year 682 such patients were admitted to 
beds in our hospital. 

Out-Patient Obstetrical Work 

Central Free Dispensary, Rush Medical 
College, and Presbyterian Hospital cooperate 
in maintaining an Out-Patient Obstetrical de- 
partment which provides medical and nursing 
attendance for mothers in their own homes. 
Prenatal and postnatal care also are provided 
in the clinics at Central Free Dispensary. This 
department reported 443 births last year, in- 
cluding four pairs of twins. Thirty-two 
mothers and 15 infants whose condition re- 
quired hospital care were admitted to free 
beds in Presbyterian Hospital through this 

Prenatal Clinic in Hospital 

The Prenatal Clinic maintained in Presby- 
terian Hospital with the cooperation of Rush 
Medical College provides prenatal care and 
hospitalization for mothers of moderate means, 
who pay a flat rate for this service. The 
Woman's Board provides a prenatal nurse- 
social worker who registers patients and looks 
after their welfare in numerous ways. Mem- 
bers of the hospital examining room nursing 
staff assist the obstetricians who conduct the 
clinic. Last year 5 29 patients were admitted 
for hospitalization, and the clinic took care ol 
5,873 prenatal and postnatal visits of patients. 

Baby Clinic Cares for 615 

The Baby Clinic of Rush Medical College 
cared for 615 infants and young children 
during 1937. Fifty percent of the 412 ml. nils 
brought to the clime regularly were kept free 
from sickness of any kind and only one death 
occurred during the year. There were no 
deaths among the 203 children of pre-school 
age who visited the clinic. Members of the 
Woman's Board of Presbyterian Hospital as- 

Endowed Nurses Cared 

for 1,211 Last Year 

Five endowed and one maintained 
graduate nurses gave special nursing 
care to 1,211 seriously ill ward pa- 
tients in the Presbyterian Hospital last 
year — patients who were unable to 
pay for the special care required. The 
cost of endowing a nurse in perpetuity 
to give this much needed service is 
#35,000. A donation of #1,500 sup- 
ports a maintained nurse for one year. 
Endowments so far established are: 
Helen North Nurse, Gladys Foster 
Nurse, Ernest A. Hamill Nurse, and 
Luella Pearson Molloy Nurses (2). 
The T. Kenneth Boyd Nurse is main- 
tained through an annual contribution 
from Mr. Boyd. More endowments 
and contributions for the support of 
such nurses are greatly needed. 


For more than 20 years enough silver to 
replenish the supply needed for the first floor 
dining rooms in the hospital has been ob- 
tained by collecting and exchanging American 
Family soap wrappers. April 20 is the final 
date for turning in those collected since last 
April, and every housewife who reads this 
Bulletin is urged to cooperate because the 
number turned in thus far is not sufficient to 
obtain the silver that is needed. In addition 
to American Family soap wrappers, coupons 
from the same brand of soap flakes and those 
from various Gold Medal products arc de- 
sired. Last year 21,000 wrappers and coupons 
were exchanged for lO'/? dozen pieces of 
silver. Every wrapper and coupon helps to 
swell the total. These may be mailed to the 
silver vice-chairman, Mrs. Cameron Barber, 
232 S. Ridgeland Ave., Oak Park, 111., or 
may be addressed to Mrs. Barber and left at 
the matron's office in the Presbyterian Hos- 
pital by April 20. 

sist the pediatrician and nurse in charge of 
the clinic, which is held three afternoons each 

Student Nurses Assist 

Nursing service in the clinics at Central 
Free Dispensary is under the supervision of 
the nursing department ol Presbyterian Hos- 
pital. Last year, 41 student nurses assisted 
the graduate nurse staff a total of 1,824 days, 
an average of five students being on duty 
daily in the dispensary clinics. Thirty-lour 
student nurses gave 514 days' service in the 
tint I', in, iii Obstetrical department, 36 gave 
a total of 531 days in the Prenatal Clinic at 
Presbyterian Hospital. Fifty days were con- 
tributed to the Baby Clinic. 


Three members of our staff presented a re- 
port to the Chicago Surgical Society, March 
4, on the subject "Blood Changes in Thrombo- 
Angiitis Obliterans." They were Dr. Frank 
V. Theis, Dr. M. R. Freeland. Dr. Loren W. | 

Dr. Arthur H. Parmelee, Dr. Harry A. 
Oberhelman, and Dr. Eleanor Leslie were on 
the program at a pediatrics clinical confer- 
ence held in the Children's Division at Cook 
County Hospital, March 8. 

Dr. Gatewood Gatewood, who is the medi- 
cal representative of the Board of Visitors at 
Ohio State University, addressed the annual 
Alumni Collegiate Assembly at Columbus, 
March 5. His topic was "The Needs of the 
Medical College." 

Dr. Heyworth N. Sanford gave an address 
at the March meeting of the Woman's Board 
in which he told how newborn and other 
infants are cared for in our hospital. Ex- 
cerpts from this address will be published in 
a later issue of the Bulletin. 

Dr. Kay L. Thompson and Dr. Willard L. 
Wood presented a paper at the Decatur (111.) 
Dental and Medical Society meeting, March 
16, on "Focal Infections." 



Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 





FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable Fred A. Poor 

Alfred T. Carton Theodore A. Shaw 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Rev. John Timothy 

John B. Drake Stone, D.D. 

James B. Forgan, Jr. R. Douglas Stuart 

Albert D. Farwell Robert Stevenson 

Alfred E. Hamill J. Hall Taylor 

Charles H. Hamill John P. Welling 

Edw. D. McDougal, Jr. Edward F. Wilson 


Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 

Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 

Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 

Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


VERNON C. DAVID, M.D. Presiaent 




ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 

M. HELENA McMILLAN Director, School of Nursing 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital. 

printed by Physicians- Recobd Co.. Chic»go 

tie feftyiiHI Hospia 

0"v trie City o-y Skicagc^ 



Chicago, 111. 

May, 1938 

Vol. 30, No. 5 





Newborn Are Safeguarded 

In an address at a recent meeting of 
the Presbyterian Hospital Woman's 
Board, Dr. Heyworth N. Sanford of the 
pediatrics staff told how newborn in- 
fants are cared for in our hospital and 
how improved nursery procedures have 
brought about a notable decrease in new- 
born mortality rates. Although 359 
more babies were cared for in our new- 
born service in 1937 than in 1927, the 
number of newborn lost in 1937 was two 
less than the number lost ten years ago. 

Dr. Sanford pointed out that national 
statistics show that one-half of all the 
deaths in infancy occur in the first two 
weeks of life and that four-fifths of these 
deaths occur in the first day of life. He 
also stressed the importance of giving 
special care to the newborn in order that 
physical defects might be discovered and 
corrected, and a strong foundation for 
sturdy infancy and childhood might be 

Following are excerpts from Dr. San- 
ford's address: 

In the Presbyterian Hospital the new- 
born is considered to be a distinct in- 
dividual. This is due to the efforts of 
Dr. Clifford Grulee, head of the pedi- 
atrics department of Rush Medical Col- 
lege and this hospital. He was one of 
the first to realise that the newborn was 
a special problem, and needed particular 
attention and care. At the present time, 
therefore, the newborn baby is removed at 
once to the nursery and its own special life as 
soon as it leaves the delivery room. 

"Iron Lungs" Are Used 

The first problem confronting the little 
newborn is to learn to breathe. This may 
sound rather strange, but before the baby is 
born its little lungs are collapsed like an 
unfolded paper bag. Just as soon as its con- 

(Continued on Page 2, Col. 1) 

Where did you come from. Baby dear? 
Out of the everywhere into the here. 

Where did you get your eyes so blue' 
Out of the s\y as I came through. 

Where did you get this pearly ear 7 
God spo\e and it came out to hear. 

But how did you come to us. you dear? 

God thought of you and so I am here. 

— George MacDonald 


The Babies Alumni Fund established two 
years ago by the Woman's Board is used to 
help support free work in the maternity de- 
partment of Presbyterian Hospital. There are 
no endowed beds in the maternity depart- 
ment but when human life is at stake the 
hospital doors must wing open to admit those 
who are desperately ill. Last year the Out- 
Patient Obstetrical department brought 32 
mothers into the hospital as emergency pa- 
tients and not one of these mothers died. 

Any person born in Presbyterian Hospital 
is eligible to join the Babies' Alumni. The 
dues are $1 or more per year. In several 
instances mothers or other relatives who were 
able to do so have contributed liberally to 
this fund. Members include a number who 
were born here some years ago, as well as 
many who have been born in the hospital 
since the Babies" Alumni was started in 193 5. 
Membership blanks may be obtained from 
the supervisor in charge of the maternity 
floor or from the chairman of the committee, 
Mrs. William A. Douglass, 317 N. Kenil- 
worth Ave., Oak Park, 111. 




Large Attendance Expected 

Elaborate arrangements are nearing 
completion for the reunion of former 
Presbyterian interns to be held on June 6 
as part of a two-day program of clinics 
and gala events planned in conjunction 
with Rush Medical College. Within a 
short time each former intern will re- 
ceive a letter giving full details. Mean- 
while, it is hoped that those who receive 
this Bulletin will begin now to arrange 
their affairs so that they can spend June 
6 and 7 at the hospital and the college. 

The reunion dinner for former in- 
terns will be held at the Bismark hotel, 
on the evening of Monday, June 6. 
Rush Alumni banquet will be at the 
Drake hotel, June 7. 

The morning program on both days 
will include ward rounds, general and 
gynecological surgery, and conferences. 
At 1 :00 P.M. on June 6, former interns 
will be guests of the hospital at luncheon. 
The afternoon program will be devoted 
to specialities. An unique program is 
being planned for the reunion dinner on 
Monday night. The committee an- 
nounces that there will be a resurrection 
of our former heroes with a proper in- 
sight into their real characters, the 
candid camera revealing all quite 

Ever since the publication of the Jan- 
uary Bulletin, containing Dr. Rudolph 
Holmes' (1895) suggestion that a re- 
union be held, letters have been coming 
in from far and near approving the idea. 
Many have already announced their 
intention of coming from distant loca- 
tions to attend and everything possible 
will be done by the former interns now 
on our hospital staff and the hospital 
management to m. ike the reunion an 
event long to be remembered. Dr. 
Rudolph Holmes, president of the last 
(Continued on Page 4, Col. 1) 


(Continued from Pag<; 1, Col. 1) 
nection with the mother is broken, it must 
take up its own life. The little lungs are 
therefore expanded by the increase of carbon 
dioxide that accumulates in the blood. Usually 
this takes place normally and without effort. 
The astonished baby gasps, inhales the un- 
accustomed air, and proceeds with a lusty 
cry. Occasionally this does not happen. 
Formerly, such babies were stimulated by 
changing their skin temperature by hot and 
cold water or by spanking them. This will 
usually cause the desired effect, but some- 
times the little lungs are still collapsed in a 
condition known as atelectasis. These babies 
formerly died. We now have an apparatus 
known as the respirator. This is the commonly 
called "iron lung" that has been played up 
in the papers so much lately. Presbyterian 
Hospital had the first infant sue respirator 
in Chicago, and these respirators have been 
in use in our nursery for the last eight 
years. The baby is placed in the respirator 
and the lungs are expanded and contracted 
by means of a vacuum alternating with in- 
creased pressure in the box containing the 
baby's body, by means of an electric motor. 

Incubators Save Many Lives 

The next problem is to keep up the infant's 
body temperature. The newborn is quite like 
a cold blooded animal, in that he takes his 
temperature from the surrounding medium. 
For this reason, if left to himself the new- 
born will become so cold that life is in- 
compatible. I have seen newborns with a 
temperature as low as 95 degrees. The child 
is therefore warmly wrapped up and when 
necessary placed in an incubator for the first 
24 hours of life, or until the temperature has 
been normal for a period of ten hours. Some 
small babies have to be kept in an incubator 
for several days. Premature babies sometimes 
have to stay in an incubator for three months. 
In our nursery we have discontinued the 
large, unwieldy incubator. We now use the 
smaller box type, which enables us to have 
more incubators. Formerly, a nursery with 
one incubator was presumed to be well 
equipped. We frequently use eight incubators 
at one time in our nursery. 

Remedial Steps Are Prompt 

If there is any abnormality or anything 
about a newborn that does not seem right, 
the baby is seen immediately by the attend- 
ing pediatrician of the nursery if he is in 
the house, or if not by the intern and resident, 
who then call the attending pediatrician if 
necessary. The newborn is peculiar in that 
all of his troubles come on so fast that treat- 
ment must be carried out immediately. Wc 
have had a newborn diagnosed as having an 
intestinal obstruction, operated, and returned 
to the nursery within four hours after birth. 

The normal newborn is given a thorough 
physical examination within the first twenty- 
four hours of life, by the attending pediatri- 
cian. All of the findings and physical 
peculiarities are noted on the infant's own 
individual chart, just as are those of an adult 
patient. This chart has arrived from the 
delivery room with the newborn, and con- 
tains his serial number, which corresponds to 
that of his mother. This serial number is 
witnessed by the delivering doctor and attend- 
ing nurse, and fastened about the mother's 
wrist as a bracelet, and about the baby's 
foot .1^ ,m anklet. As a further safeguard, 
the baby's footprints are printed on his own 
chart and on the birth certificate. The infant 
I-- also measured around the head, abdomen, 
chest, and iliac crests. These measurements, 
as well as his length and birth weight, are 
recorded on the chart. We have never had 
any cases of mixed-up identities among our 


In the above picture, Miss M. Helena McMillan, director of the Presbyterian Hospital 
School of Nursing, is shown wth the birthday cake and flowers presented by the Board of 
Managers in recognition of the 35th anniversary of the founding of the school, which occured 
on April 1. Miss McMillan organized the school in 1903 and still is its director. She also is 
superintendent of nursing in the hospital. 

The School of Nursing Committee also sent a boquet of 35 roses on the occasion of the 
anniversary, and at the Woman's Board meeting on Monday, May 2, Miss McMillan was 
presented with a gift of $35 to be used as a contingent fund and expended for such 
purposes as she sees fit. 

newborns, and with these safeguards, I do 
not believe we ever will. 

Graduate Nurses In Charge 

The nursing care of our newborns is in 
charge of a nursery supervisor who is a 
graduate nurse with special training in 
pediatrics nursing. Each of our three nurseries 
is in charge of a graduate nurse, who is 
assisted by student nurses. By this setup 
each newborn is given individual attention, 
and cared for by the same nurse. Individual 
attention is given the feeding of each infant. 
Weak babies are fed by dropper or stomach 
tube, if they are unable to nurse, and their 
mother's own milk is given such babies, an 
electric breast pump being used by the mother 
in these cases. If the breast milk of the mother 
is insufficient, the baby is given human milk 
from the breast milk station operated by the 
hospital. This station has been in operation 
for the last ten years. It was one of the first 
such stations established in Chicago. The ex- 
cess supply of breast milk obtained at this 
Station is frozen and kept for future use as 

Bacteria Free Feedings 
II artificial feeding is necessary, the for- 
mulas arc prepared in the milk laboratory, 
winch was the gift of Mrs. James Simpson 
in memory of her grandson, John, Jr. A 
supervising nurse and two student nurses are 

on duty in this laboratory and do nothing 
else. Every formula is prepared under sterile 
precautions, and is finally pasteurized before 
giving to the baby. Once a week a sample 
is taken of every formula and of all breast 
milk being used. These samples are sent to 
the laboratory of the hospital for examina- 
tion and culture of bacteria. The efficiency of 
milk laboratory equipment and procedures is 
evidenced by the fact that no bacteria has 
been found for many months in the samples 
examined. Every baby in our nursery, who 
requires artificial feeding, is picked up by the 
nurse and led individually as a baby should 
be. We never use bottle holders or carriers 
because we regard these as refined instru- 
ments of torture. 

Guard Against Infection 

Our final problem is to guard the baby 
from infection. No one is allowed to enter 
the nurseries except the attending pediatrician, 
resident pediatrician, intern, and nursery 
nurses. No one goes into a nursery without 
being masked, capped and gowned. No one 
toucbes a newborn infant without first 
scrubbing the hands in soap and water and 
antiseptic solution. After giving attention to' 
one baby this disinfection is repeated before 
touching another baby. 

After being used for one infant, instrU' 
ments in the nursery are disinfected before 
(Continued on Page 3, Col. 1) 




Invaluable in Cesarean Births 

In a combined recognition of National 
Child Health Day, Mother's Day and 
the 15th anniversary of the first use of 
ethylene gas as an anesthetic in child- 
birth, the Woman's Board of the Pres- 
byterian Hospital had as its guest speaker 
Monday morning at the regular monthly 
meeting of the board, Dr. Isabella C. 
Herb, chief anesthetist in the Hospital 
and associate professor of clinical surgery 
at Rush Medical College of the Univer- 
sity of Chicago. 

Dr. Herb, who was the first anesthetist to 
administer ethylene-oxygen as an anesthetic 
in general and obstetrical surgery, told of the 
first Cesarean section operation in which 
ethylene gas was used and which took place 
in Presbyterian Hospital 15 years ago, May 
1, 1923. Ethylene was selected as the 
anesthetic for this Cesarean operation on Mrs. 
Flonan W. Weber, 8150 Oglesby Ave., be- 
cause her condition made the use of ether 
dangerous. The operating obstetrician was 
Dr. William F. Hewitt. The results were 
highly satisfactory, Mrs. Weber giving birth 
to a baby girl, who is now an attractive girl 
of 15 years, and who with her mother visited 
Dr. Herb on April 30 and was shown the 
operating room in which she was born and 
the ethylene gas equipment now used in the 
Presbyterian Hospital. 

Commenting on the use of ethylene gas as 
an anesthetic in obstetrics, Dr. Herb declared 
that it is the safest and most satisfactory 
form of anesthesia not only in operative ob- 
stetrics but also to relieve the pain of child- 
birth in all cases. She said, "It has been found 
that the judicious administration of ethylene- 
oxygen during labor relieves the pain with- 
out retarding the natural processes of child- 
birth or affecting the mother or baby in any 
deleterious manner. Leading obstetricians 
agree that for operative obstetric work it is 
without approach among anesthetics because 
it eliminates the dangers and disadvantages 
of other anesthetics commonly used prior to 
the discovery of ethylene." 

(Continued from Page 2, Col. 3) 
being used for a different baby. No one 
except nurses, doctors and interns are per- 
mitted to enter a ward or private room when 
a baby is with its mother. 

Take Other Precautions 

All nurses and interns have complete 
physical examinations, including throat cultures 
for streptococci, Dick test for scarlet fever, 
Schick test for diphtheria and chest X-ray 
films for tuberculosis. No nurse or intern is 
allowed on the nursery floor if they have a 
cold or are sick in any way. 

Every baby in our nurseries has an intern 
and attending doctor, just as do adult pa- 
tients in the hospital. Every morning rounds 
are made, Sundays included, for the new- 
born knows no holidays. Every baby is 
studied and examined, his chart is studied 
and he is not discharged from the hospital 
until he is in good physical condition. As the 
twig is bent so does the tree incline. The 
newborn period is the door to childhood and 
if health can be built on a strong foundation 
of sturdy infancy we have given a greater 
heritage to the human race. 


At least five million hospital patients in all parts of the world have had the 
benefit of an easier and safer anesthetic since the first operations ever performed 
under ethylene gas anesthesia took place in Presbyterian Hospital, March 14, 192.1. 
On the 15th anniversary of these operations, Dr. Arno. B. Luckhardt (right), who 
discovered the anesthetic property of ethylene gas, and Dr. Jay Bailey Carter, 
who assisted in the experimental work, were guests of Dr. Isabella C. Herb, chief 
anesthetist in our hospital, who is shown demonstrating our present efficient 
ethylene-oxygen equipment. One of the 
nurses donned the recently improved adjust- 
able halter which holds the mask firmly in 
place without discomfort to the patient. Of 
course, an actual patient would be lying 
down, instead of sitting on a stool as did 
the nurse in this picture which shows the 
equipment, rather than the actual procedure 
of administering anesthesia. 

Dr. Luckhardt is professor ot physiology 
at the University of Chicago, which posi- 
tion he held at the time of his discovery and 
development of ethylene gas for anesthetic 
purposes. Dr. Carter is instructor in medicine 
at Rush Medical College. He was a sopho- 
more medical student during the period of his 
experimental work with ethylene gas. After 
extensive experiments with animals had con- 
vinced the university scientist and his student 
assistant that ethylene gas could be used suc- 
cessfully as an anesthetic in surgery, the next 
step was to try it out on a human subject. 
Because Dr. Luckhardt had a wife and two 
children, Dr. Carter elected to serve as the 
human guinea pig, thus becoming the first 
person ever to be put to sleep with ethylene 

gas. Dr. Luckhardt administered the gas with 
extreme caution for a very short period. 
When this did not prove disastrous to his 
patient, the time of administration was in- 
creased gradually in succeeding experiments. 
Next Dr. Luckhardt became the patient and 
finally, true to the tradition of all great 
scientists who readily subject themselves to 
experiments for the advancement of science, 
Dr. Carlson, chairman of the University of 
Chicago's department of physiology, insisted 
on having ethylene gas tried out with him- 
self as the patient. 

These men then inivted a group of sur- 
geons and anesthetists to a demonstration at 
the university one Sunday in March. 192 3. 
Three days later. Dr. Arthur Dean Bevan, 
eminent surgeon, performed in the Presbyte- 
rian Hospital the first surgical operations in 
which ethylene combined with oxygen was 
used, with Dr. Herb as the administering 
anesthetist. The results were so satisfactory 
that ethylene was soon used in other opera' 
tions by Dr. Bevan and other surgeons in 
this and other hospitals and is now used in 
leading hospitals throughout the world. 


Surgeons of Chicago and other cities 
were guests of Presbyterian Hospital and 
Rush Medical College on April 29, when 
the American Society of Clinical Sur- 
gery held an all-day clinical and scientific 
meeting in the two institutions. Luncheon 
was served at noon in the hospital chapel. 
Members of the hospital staff who per- 
formed operations in the presence of 
visiting surgeons were: Dr. Vernon C. 
David, Dr. Herman L. Kretschmer, Dr. 
Edwin M. Miller, Dr. Robert Herhst, 
Dr. Gatewood Gatewood, Dr. Adrien 
Verbrugghen, Dr. E. J. Berkheiser, Dr. 
Norris J. Heckel, Dr. A. Louis Rosi, 
Dr. N. S. Heaney, Dr. A. E. Kanter 
and Dr. Max Jacobson. 

Reports and demonstrations were pre- 
sented by Dr. David, Dr. Gatewood, 
Dr. Miller, Dr. Harry Oberhelman, Dr. 
Heckel, Dr. Mark L. Lonng, Dr. W. O. 
Thompson, Dr. W. T. Potts, Dr. R. Ken- 
nedy Gilchrist, Dr. Frank V. Theis and 
Dr. Hanselman. 

Gynecological Clinic 

An all day clinical meeting of the 
Chicago Gynecological Society was held 
in Presbyterian Hospital, April 15. The 
program consisted of operations and re- 
ports by members of the obstetrical and 
gynecological staff of the hospital. 
Luncheon was served in the hospital 
chapel to 50 visitors and staff members. 


(Continued from Page 1, Col 3) 
union held about 20 years ago; Dean 
David John Davis of the Illinois Univer- 
sity College of Medicine; Dean Emmet 
B. Bay of Rush Medical Colege, Dr. 
Selim W. McArthur and many other 
distinguished former interns who are lo- 
cated m Chicago will join with the hospi- 
tal committee in welcoming the interns of 
yesteryear, who will include bald heads, 
gray beards (if any), stouts and leans, 
the monocled, the trussed, and others on 
whom the passing of the years has placed 
its inevitable mark. Dr. Gatewood 
Gatewood is chairman of the reunion 
committee composed of Dr. Rudolph 
Holmes, Dr. Willis J. Potts, Dr. Wil- 
liam G. Hibhs, and Mr. Herman Hensel, 
assistant superintendent of the hospital. 


In giving the list of names of the School 
of Nursing students who arc planning to 
become missionary nurses, in the April 
Bulletin, the name of Charlotte King was 
printed as Krug. for which apologies arc 
offered to M,ss King. 


Dr. George J. Rukstinat presented a paper 
on "Spindle Cell Sarcoma of the Prostate 
Gland" at a meeting of the Chicago Patho- 
logical Society, April 1 1 . 

Dr. Wilber E. Post was a speaker at a 
meeting of the Chicago Medical Society, on 
April 20, at which he presented "General 
Principles in Bright's Disease." Dr. William 
A. Thomas discussed the topic "The Relation- 
ship of the Intoxication of Pregnancy to 
Bright's Disease." 

Dr. Rolhn T. Woodyatt addressed the 
Northwest branch of the Chicago Medical 
Society, April 2 2, on the topic "Phases of 
the Diabetes Problem." 

At a meeting of the Chicago Medical So- 
ciety, March 16, Dr. Herman L. Kretschmer 
spoke on the topic "Importance and Signifi- 
cance of Pyuria in Children." 

Dr. Clark E. Finnerud discussed "Common 
Skin Diseases" at a meeting of the Southern 
Cook County branch of the Chicago Medical 
Society on March 15. 

Dr. Bertha Klien and Dr. Elias Selingcr 
were speakers on the scientific program of the 
Chicago Ophthalmological Society, March 21. 

Dr. Bert I. Beverly addressed the Parent- 
Teacher Association of Lombard, March 15, 
on "Behavior Problems of Children." 

Dr. Frederick B. Moorehead gave an 
illustrated lecture on "Plastic Surgery" at a 
meetting of Wisconsin physicians in Apple- 
ton, March 24. 

Dr. William D. McNally addressed the 
Exchange Club of Marion, Indiana, March 
24 on "Poisons in Our Everyday Life." In 
the evening he gave a talk to the Grant 
County Medical Society on "Diagnosis and 
Treatment of Some of the Common Poisons." 

Dr. Clayton J. Lundy conducted a radio 
broadcast recently in which heart beats of a 
12-year old girl cardiac patient were trans- 
mitted with the assistance of a cardiograph 
ttethograph, after which the normal heart 
beats of a child who had recovered from a 
heart ailment were broadcast by way of com- 
parison. Both were patients at La Rabida- 
Jackson Park Sanitarium, where Dr. Lundy is 
a staff member. 


Miss Dorothy Rogers (1921), associate pro- 
fessor of nursing at the University of Chicago 
and president of the Illinois League of Nurs- 
ing Education, was the speaker at the "cap- 
ping" service held at Sprague Home, March 
30. Preceding the address by Miss Rogers, 
the assembly repeated "A Nurse's Prayer," 
and Miss Augusta Hcncveld sang. Following 
the address. Miss McMillan, director of the 
school, accepted the 25 members of the class 
who had completed the six-month preliminary 
course. Each preliminary student was then 
presented with her nurse's cap by a member 
of the senior class, in a beautiful candle- 
lighting ceremony. 


Mrs. Alva A. Knight, chairman of the I 
school of nursing committee of the Woman's III 
Board, reported at the May board meeting jji 
that the annual benefit card party held at ji 
Sprague Home on April 4 was the mofgj 1 
successful yet held. Net proceeds were $6G I 
which will be used to asisst the school in |]| 
various ways. Sixty-five tables played bridge, 
the Florence Nightingale chorus sang and 
refreshments were served. Handsome and use- 
ful prizes donated by board members and 
other friends included bottles of Gray's Baby 
Oil, from William Gray, hospital pharmacist, 
originator of the formula for this widely used 


Mrs. J. Hall Taylor, vice chairman, and 
members of the occupational therapy commit- 
tee of the Woman's Board, assisted the occu- 
pational therapy staff in entertaning a large 
group of interns, nurses and other hospital I 
personnel at a gathering held in the depart- 
ment, March 30. A motion picture depicting 
the work of the occupational and physical 
therapy departments was shown, followed by 
refreshments and a delightful social hour. 




Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 





FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secret, 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secreta,'* 

Arthur G. Cable Fred A. Poor 

Alfred T. Carton Theodore A. Shaw 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Rev. John Timothy 
John B. Drake Stone, D.D. 

James B. Forgan, Jr. R. Douglas Stuart 

Albert D. Farwell Robert Stevenson 

Alfred E. Hamill J. Hall Taylor 

Charles H. Hamill John P. Welling 
Edw. D. McDougal, Jr. Edward F. Wilson 


Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 

Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 

Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 

Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


VERNON C. DAVID, M.D President 

MRS. ERNEST E. IRONS (resident 


ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 

M. HELENA McMILLAN... Director, School of Nursing 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 
The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical sta' 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medic 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital. 

.■ :V "S '.' 

Hue tettpleiai If ©spite 

trie Glty q-y Sk Ledger 1 



Chicago, 111. 

June, 1938 

Vol. 30, No. 6 



Are Guests of Hospital at 

Luncheon — 175 Here 

from 18 States 

The far-flung influence of Presbyterian 
Hospital as a medical teaching institution 
was brought into bold relief on June 6, 
when 175 former interns from 18 differ- 
ent states gathered at the hospital for a 
reunion luncheon and clinic program. 
Luncheon guests numbering 250 also in- 
cluded present interns, residents, and 
attending staff members who did not 
intern in this hospital. The reunion 
dinner in the evening at the Bismarck 
hotel drew an attendance of 220. 

Ill health prevented Dr. Lawrence H. 
Prince, first intern after the hospital 
opened in 1884, from attending. His 
absence occasioned expressions of regret 
from those who knew him and from 
others who knew of his long service as a 
practitioner and his contributions to the 
advancement of medical knowledge. Dr. 
Prince, now 80 years old, is living in 
retirement at Kiln, Miss. 

Dr. Harvey A. Tyler of Chicago was 
the only guest present whose internship 
began prior to 1890. Dr. Tyler, whose 
vigor belies the fact that he graduated 
from Rush in 1889, is a well-known 
| Chicago gynecologist, still in active 
practice with an office in the loop. He 
I is on the staff at the House of the Good 
Shepherd and was for many years pro- 
fessor of gynecology at the Chicago Poli- 
clinic and Hospital. 

Others present whose internships date 
back to the "Gay Nineties" which were 
serious nineties for those aspiring young 
medics, were: 

Dr. Rudolph W. Holmes (1894-95), 
emeritus professor of obstetrics and gynecol- 
ogy, Rush Medical College; chief of obstetrics 
service, Passavant Hospital; son of Dr. 
Edward L. Holmes, Rush professor and 
eminent eye surgeon on the first staff of the 
Presbyterian Hospital, who operated on the 
first patient admitted to the hospital, Aug. 
20, 1884. 


The "Gay Nineties" weren't so gay to these four men who were going about the serious 
business of being hospital interns during that period. But they certainly had a gay time at 
the reunion luncheon, where as the oldest ex-interns present they got the first chance at the 
heavily laden buffet lunch table arranged by the chef and the head dietitian. 

In the picture, left to right: Dr. William R. Parkes (1894-95), Dr. Harvey A. Tyler 
(1889-90), Dr. W. C. F. Witte (1896-98), Dr. Rudolph W. Holmes (1894-95). 

Dr. William R. Parkes (1894-95), emeritus 
chief of surgical department, Evanston Hos- 
pital; chief of medical staff, Presbyterian 
Home; nephew of Dr. Charles T. Parkes, 
early day Rush professor of surgery and mem- 
ber of the first medical staff of Presbyterian 

Dr. William C. F. Witte (1896-98), Mil- 
waukee surgeon, formerly on the faculty of 
Marquette University Medical School. 

Dr. Spencer D. Beebc (1896-98), Sparta, 

(1898-1900), Wich 
argcon in Presbyter 

Dr. Harry W. Hoi- 
Kan. — First resident 
Hospital, 1901-02. 

Dr. Frank E. Pierce (1898-99), Chicago 
— Professor of surgery, Loyola University 
School of Medicine; chief surgeon New York 
Central Railway; Mercy Hospital stalF. 

Dr. Harry D. Wiley (1899-1901), Glencoe, 

Dr. W. F. C. Heisc (1897-99), Winona, 

Dr. Alexander Stevenson (1898-1900), 
who was the first resident physician in out 
hospital, 1901-02), had planned to attend but 
became ill a few days before the reunion and 
by an ironic coincidence had an operation 
here that morning. Dr. Stevenson is a well- 
known internal medicine specialist on the 
staffs of Grant and St. Luke's hospitals. 

Dr. Samuel R. Slaymakcr (1892-93) was 
not present at the luncheon but attended tin- 
dinner .it the Bismarck. Dr. Slaymaker is 
professor of medicine at Rush Col- 
lege, attending physician on the Presbyterian 
stalF, and president of Washington Boulevard 


Five Robergs, Three Gatewoods, 

Three Shambaughs and Others 

Exemplify Trait 

Doctoring seems to run in families just 
as do some others tendencies and char- 
acteristics. Take the Robergs, for in- 
stance. Five are doctors. Three of them 
interned in Presbyterian Hospital and 
were at the reunion dinner, June 6, in 
the Bismarck hotel. Then there are the 
three Gatewood brothers who interned 
here — two were present at the reunion 
dinner; the three Shambaughs, father and 
two sons — both sons present at the dinner 
as former residents; the three McGraths 
of Grand Island, Neb. — two are former 
interns and one was presenet at the re- 
union; the two Davis brothers, both 
former interns, and Carl B. jr. who be- 
gins an internship here on July 1. 

The Five Robergs 

Dr. O. Theodore Roberg, Sr. of Chicago 
was the first of three brothers who graduated 
from Rush Medical College (1899) and in 
1901-02 was the first of three Robergs to 
serve internships in Presbyterian hospital. 
His brother, Dr. David N. who graduated 
from Rush in 1908, is located in San Jose, 
Calif. Another brother, Dr. Frederick E., 
graduated from Rush in 1911 and was an 
intern here 1911-12. Two sons of Dr. O. T. 
Roberg are doctors, the three now having an 
office together in Chicago. O. Theodore, Jr., 
graduate of Harvard Medical School, came 
to Presbyterian for his internship in 1931-32. 
The other son, Norman, who also graduated 
from Harvard, went to Boston City Hospital 
for his internship, after which he did further 
work at Billings. 

Dr. O. T. Roberg, Sr. is chief surgeon at 
Swedish Covenant Hospital. Dr. O. T., Jr. is 
a surgeon on the staffs of Swedish Covenant 
and Illinois Research and Educational Hos- 
pitals. Dr. F. E. Roberg specializes in internal 
medicine. He is a major in the Medical 
Reserve Corps, U. S. Army. 

Three Gatewood Brothers 

Dr. Gatewood, surgeon, and Dr. L. C. 
Gatewood, internal medicine specialist, aren't 
twins but both graduated from Rush in 1911 
following which they served internships in 
our hospital at the same time. The former 
was resident surgeon from 1914 to 1919. 
Both arc now members of our attending staff 
and on the faculty of Rush. Dr. Wesley E. 
Gatewood, Rush 1915; Presbyterian intern, 
1916-17, is assistant clinical professor of 
medicine at the University of Oregon Med- 
ical School, Portland. 

Two of the three McGraths of Grand 
Island, Neb. arc former Presbyterian interns. 
Dr. Wilmer D. McGrath (1916-17) attended 
the reunion. Dr. William M. (1931-32) was 
also resident physician, 1934-35. 

Two Shambaughs Were Residents 

Dr. George E. Shambaugh, Sr. has been 
an atttending otolaryngologist on our stall 
for many years and is emeritus professor on 
Rush faculty. Dr. George E., Jr. was resident 
laryngologist and otologist, 1932-34, is now 

Here are three 
of the five Rob- 
ergs who are 
doctors. These 
three, who in- 
terned at Pres- 
byterian, attend- 
ed the reunion 
dinner. They 
are, left to right: 
Dr. O. T. Rob- 
erg, Jr., Dr. O. 
T. Roberg, Sr., 
and Dr. F. E. 


Mrs. C. V. Bressler, 6224 Wayne Avenue, 
visited the hospital recently and recalled the 
fact that 37 years ago she and her sister were 
here as patients of Dr. Christian Fenger. They 
were little girls and their names were Martha 
and Marie Malon. During convalescence, the 
superintendent, Mr. Asa Bacon, took the 
girls to Lincoln Park, a pleasant experience 
which they never forgot. 

While a patient here recently, Mrs. Andrew 
X. Schmitt of Crystal Lake recalled her first 
experience in that role, 46 years ago. Her 
doctor was th late Dr. Suydam Knox and 
one of the interns was Dr. T. A. Olney, now 
at South Bend, Ind. Other staff men whom 
she recalls were Dr. Edward L. Holmes, Dr. 
J. H. Etheridge, and Dr. A. C. Cotton. Con- 
valescent patients went to the dining room for 
their meals in those days. Street cars on Van 
Buren street were drawn by horses, and this 
section of the West Side was still the resi- 
dential choice of many of Chicago's wealthiest 
and most socially prominent families. 

an assistant staff member on this service, and 
assistant clinical professor in that department 
of Rush Medical College. His brother, Dr. 
Philip Shambaugh was resident surgeon here 
in 1936-37. 

Third Davis Begins July 1 

Dr. Carl B. Davis, Rush 1903, and his 
brother. Dr. George G. Davis, Rush 1904, 
completed internships here in 1904 and 1905, 
respectively. Dr. Carl B., Jr. was graduated 
on June 9 from the University of Chicago 
School of Medicine and will begin an intern- 
ship here on July 1. Dr. Carl B. Davis, Sr. 
is an attending surgeon on our staff. Dr. G. 
G. Davis is an attending surgeon at Cook 
County hospital. Both are on Rush faculty. 

Dr. W. F. C. Heisc of Winona, Minn., 
who interned here in 1897-99, has brought 
up five sons who either are or plan to be 
doctors, though none of them have come here 
for internships. 

"Like father, like son" applies to many 
former interns whose fathers were eminent 
medical men. Some of these who took part 
in the reunion are mentioned elsewhere in 
this Bulletin. Lack of space prevents listing 
others at this time. 


According to available records not 
more than 25 women have served intern- 
ships in Presbyterian Hospital and some 
of these had only shortterm appointments 
for special study. Alice Mitchell is listed 
as an intern in 1885-89. No other in- 
formation is available concerning her. 
The second woman intern was Miriam 
Gardner (1907), who married Dr. Peter 
Bassoe shortly after completing her 
internship. Dr. Bassoe was assistant 
resident pathologist at that time. Mrs. 
Bassoe is an active member of the Wo- 
man's Board of our hospital. 

Women ex-interns had a pleasant get- 
together at the reunion luncheon, where 
they were seated with women members of 
the Medical Staff. Those present were: 
Dr. Miriam Gardner Bassoe, Dr. Ruth E. 
Taylor (192 3-24), assistant clinical pro- 
fessor of medicine, University of Chica- 
go; Dr. Eleanor I. Leslie (1927-28), 
assistant professor of pediatrics, Rush 
Medical College and member of the hos- 
pital pediatrics staff; Dr. Huberta Living- 
stone (1928), assistant professor of sur- 
gery, University of Chicago, and head of 
the anesthesia service, U. of C. Clinics; 
Dr. Catherine Dobson (1930), clinical 
assistant in obstetrics and gynecology, 
Rush Medical College; Dr. Ann 
Huuenga, who completed an internship 
m pediatrics. Mar. 1, 1938, and is now 
at the Municipal Contagious Disease 
Hospital; Dr. Isabella C. Herb, chief 
anesthetist; Dr. Mary Lyons, Dr. Alice 
McNcal, and Dr. Nora Brandenburg, 
assistant anesthetists in the Presbyterian 
hospital, all four of whom are on the 
faculty of Rush Medical College. 

Former Interns Who Became Medical School Deans 






m Hospital Alumni Association 

>eans of three medical schools and 
former dean were among the distin- 
hed ex-interns of Presbyterian Hos- 
1 present at the reunion dinner in the 
aarck hotel, Monday night, June 6. 
y were: Dean Eben J. Carey, Mar- 
ie University School of Medicine, 
waukee; Dean David J. Davis, Uni- 
lty of Illinois College of Medicine, 
cago; Dean Emmet B. Bay, Rush 
heal College of the University of 
cago; Dr. Ernest E. Irons, former 
i of Rush Medical College. Dean 
/ard W. Koch (1911-12), University 
Buffalo College of Medicine, Buffalo, 
Y., was unable to be present. 
)thers who hold important teaching 
tions on medical faculties at North- 
tern, Loyola, University of Illinois 
University of Chicago (Rush and 
th Side) were present to recall the 
5 when they were "Pres" interns, as 
e also many other eminent medical 
l from nearby and distant points, 
ong the latter were Dr. J. F. Ham- 
id and Dr. Edwin P. Jordan, assistant 
ors of the Journal of the American 
dical Association and Dr. Henry C. 
ilack, chief of the Bureau of Child 
lfare, Chicago Board of Health. 

Program Is Enjoyed 

)r. Rudolph W. Holmes, who was 
;ident of the last reunion held about 
years ago, presided at the dinner. 
George H. Coleman, of Rush faculty 
St. Luke's staff, was the toastmaster. 
John A. Robison, only living member 

Dr. Ernest E. Irons was dean of Rush 
Medical College from 1923 to 1936. He is 
now professor and chairman of the depart- 
ment of medicine at Rush and head of the 
medical service in Presbyterian Hospital, 
where he served an internship in 1904-05. 

Dr. David J. Davis is dean of the Univer- 
sity of Illinois College of Medicine; also 
professor and head of the department cf 
pathology and bacteriology. He was an in- 
tern in our hospital, 1907-08, and resident 
pathologist, 1909-11. (Photo by Walinger) 

Dr. Eben J. Carey is dean of Marquette 
University Medical School and also professor 
of anatomy. He is on the staff of Milwaukee 
Municipal Hospital. Presbyterian intern, 

Dr. Emmet B. Bay is associate dean in 
the department of biological sciences of the 
University of Chicago and has been in 
charge of Rush Medical College since July, 
1936. He was an intern here, 1922-23, and 
resident physician in 1924. 

of the hospital's first medical staff was a 
special guest and one of the speakers. 
Short talks by representative former 
interns, amusing skits featuring take-offs 
on prominent members of the Medical 
Staff, stereopticon slides presenting early 
day hospital leaders and scenes, and 
accordion music by Dr. Arthur R. Col- 
well of Evanston were features of the 
highly enjoyable program arranged by 
Dr. Gatewood Gatewood, chairman, and 
members of the reunion committee. 

It was voted to form a permanent 
organization to be known as the Presby- 
terian Hospital Alumni Association. 
Officers were elected as follows: Dr. 
George H. Coleman, president; Dr. Gate- 
wood, vice-president and president-elect; 
Dr. William G. Hibbs, secretary-trea- 

Many of those who were unable to attend 
took the trouble to send greetings and express 
regrets. Early-day interns heard from were: 
Dr. Arthur T. Holbrook (1897), Milwaukee, 
Wis.; Dr. Philip Schuyler Doane (1897), 
Pasadena, Calif.; Dr. J. H. Irwin (1899- 


On June 1, Mr. Asa S. Bacon, super- 
intendent, began his 39th year here. 
Prior to 1900, only 49 interns had re- 
ceived training here. Since that date 600 
have served internships and 77 have com- 
pleted one or more years 1 training as 
residents in medical or surgical special- 
ties. The present House Staff is made 
up of 26 interns and 13 resident doctors. 


Officers were elected at a meeting of 
the Medical Board of the hospital on 
May 13, as follows: 

President — Dr. Vernon C. David 
Vice-President — Dr. Herman L. Kretschmcr 
Secretary-Treasurer — Dr. William G. Hibbs 

1884-85 EXTERN 

Dr. Adam E. Kauffman, who began his 
work as an extern for Presbyterian Hospital 
in December 1884, was admitted as a patient 
here, June 13, arriving here from California 
a few days too late to attend the reunion. 
He was called an extern, because he did not 
have quarters in the hospital as did our first 
intern, Dr. L. H. Prince, whom he assisted in 
caring for patients. We hope to publish some 
of Dr. Kauffman's interesting reminiscences 
in a later issue. 

1901), Great Falls, Mont.; Dr. W. E. Kaser 
(1897-98), Las Vegas, N. M.; and Dr. W. 
W. Mcloy (1897-99), Chicago. 

Among others who sent greetings and 
regrets were: Dr. Evarts A. Graham, professor 
of surgery, Washington University, St. Louis, 
and son of Dr. D. W. Graham one of tin- 
founders of the Presbyterian; Dr. Burrcll O. 
Raulston, professor of medicine, University of 
Southern Calif., Los Angeles: Dr. Russell 
M. Wilder. pimIc-..m.i ol medicine, Mavo 
Foundation, Rochester, Minn.: Dr. Frank R. 
Menne, professor of pathology. University of 
Oregon, Portland; Dr. Paul H. Forgrave, Si. 
Joseph, Mo., member of the stale hoard of 
health which held examinations on that day. 


Rush Medical College Alumni had one 
of its largest and most enthusiastic ban- 
quets in recent years, on June 7 at the 
Drake hotel, with 553 attending. Dr. 
George W. Hall was toastmaster and the 
principal speaker was Dr. Dean Lewis, 
chairman of the department of surgery, 
Johns Hopkins University School of 
Medicine, Baltimore. Dr. Lewis is a Rush 
alumnus, former president of the Amer- 
ican Medical Association, and former 
member of Rush faculty and the Pres- 
byterian Hospital staff. He urged the 
necessity for clinical study as a principal 
factor in making the physician proficient, 
saying that the laboratory should be 
relied on mainly to confirm the diagnosis 
resulting from a study of the patient and 
the doctor's previous clinical experience. 

Other speakers were Dr. Robert H. 
Herbst, president of the Alumni Asso- 
ciation; Dr. E. V. L. Brown, class of 
1898; Dr. Robert L. Kerrigan, 1918; Dr. 
George T. Wallace, 1938; and Mr. 
George A. Blair. 

Dr. Herbst gave a brief report on the 
alternative plans now being considered 
with reference to the future of Rush 
Medical College, the Presbyterian Hos- 
pital and Central Free Dispensary, in 
relation to the University of Chicago. 
It is expected that a decision will be 
reached in the near future, when further 
announcement will be made in this 

Early day graduates introduced to the 
assembly were: Dr. J. C. Wright (1881), 
Antigo, Wis.; Dr. J. P. Lord (1882), 
Omaha, Neb.; Dr. Frederick E. Vance 
(1887), Eddyville, la., and Dr. Charles 
D. Thomas (1888), Peoria, 111. All are 
still in active practice. 

Rush Graduates 81 

Eighty-one graduates of Rush Medical 
College received M. D. degrees at the 
University of Chicago convocation held 
on June 9. 

Dr. Edward D. Allen, associate ob- 
stetrician and gynecologist on the Presby- 
terian staff, was elected president of the 
Rush Alumni Association at a business 
meeting held on the afternoon of June 7. 
Other officers are as follows: 

First Vice-President — Dr. Joseph Smith, 
Wausau, Wis. 

Second Vice-President — Dr. Russell M. 
Wilder, Rochester, Minn. 

Third Vice-President— Dr. W. D. Sansum, 
Santa Barbara, Calif. 

Secretary-Treasurer — Dr. Carl O. Rindcr, 
Chicago, 111. 

Hecrologist— Dr. Frank Allen, Chicago, 111. 

Directors to serve three years- Dr. Willis 
J. Potts and Dr. A. H. Montgomery, Chicago. 

Representatives to University of Chicago 
Alumni Council— Dr. W. A. 'Thomas, Dr. 
R. A. Watkins and Dr. C. J. Lundy, Chic igo. 

iln fHmtortam 

James H. Harper 

James H. Harper, Registrar of Rush 
Medical College, and universally beloved 
friend of the faculty, students and the 
administrative staff of the Hospital, died 
in the Presbyterian Hospital on February 
6, 1938, of penumonia. He was born 
September 30, 1867, at New Concord, 
Ohio, the fourth son of Samuel and Ellen 
Harper. His brothers were William 
Rainey Harper, first President of the 
University of Chicago, (d. 1906), Samuel 
Harper (d. 1887), and Robert Francis 
Harper, Professor of Oriental Languages 
in the University of Chicago (d. 1914). 
He had one sister, Mary Harper Douglas. 

He attended Muskingum College and 
later entered business, first in Connels- 
ville, Pennsylvania, and later in Chicago. 
In 1898, when Rush Medical College was 
affiliated with the University of Chicago, 
he became the Registrar of the College 
and retained this position for forty years. 
For the last five years he had been 
relieved of active duties but retained his 
desk in the college office and insisted on 
doing what he could for the institution 
he had served so long and well. 

For many years he was Secretary of 
the Board of the Central Free Dispensary 
and by his diplomacy and attention to 
detail, integrated the administrative 
work of the Dispensary and College. 

Mr. Harper had a wide acquaintance 
among business and social, as well as 
medical and professional groups. He was 
popular with every one, a fine companion 
at golf or at dinner. Every one who 
knew him loved Jim Harper. 

His outstanding qualities were, how- 
ever, his faithfulness and his loyalty. He 
served the interests of the College as if 
they were his own, and it was largely 
due to his business care that the College 
survived the financial difficulties of those 
years. No detail of administration 
escaped him. The College was his life. 

He radiated friendliness. His smile 
and cheery word will always be remem- 
bered by students, faculty and friends. 

Ernest E. Irons, M.D. 


At the regular meeting of the Woman's 
Board, held in the Nurses' Home, June 6, 
members were urged to enlist church women 
and other friends in making jelly this summer 
to be donated to the hospital. A highly 
entertaining motion picture made in the hos- 
pital under the direction of Mrs. J. P. 
Mcntzer, chairman of the delicacies commit- 
tee, and Miss Winifred Braincrd, occupational 
therapy department, presented the jelly-making 
message to the board. 




At the meeting of the American Pedi- 
atric Society in Great Barrington, Mass., 
May 5, Dr. Clifford G. Grulee, chief of 
the Presbyterian Hospital pediatrics staff 
was elected president of the society. Dr. 
Heyworth N. Sanford associate pediatri- 
cian on our staff, was elected recorder 
and editor. Dr. Sanford and Dr. Arthur 
W. Fleming read a paper at the conven- 
tion of the society on "Vitamin C Con- 
tent of the Blood in Newborn Infants." 


Mr. H. Barrett, manager and secretary of 
the Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, 
visited our hospital on June 8. 

Mr. E. H. Schlitgus of Mayo Clinic, Roch- 
ester, Minn, visited the hospital May 13. 

Mrs. Winona Hayenga Thorne, 1928 grad- 
uate of the School of Nursing, visited the 
hospital m May, before returning to her work 
as a missionary nurse at Elat Ebolowa, 
Cameroun, W. Africa. She was to return via 
Cairo, Egypt and attend the International 
Congress on Leprosy. 




Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 





FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable Fred A. Poor 

Alfred T. Carton Theodore A. Shaw 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Rev. John Timothy 

John B. Drake Stone, D.D. 

James B. Forgan, Jr. R. Douglas Stuart 

Albert D. Farwell Robert Stevenson 

Alfred E. Hamill J. Hall Taylor 

Charles H. Hamill John P. Welling 

Edw. D. McDougal, Jr. Edward F. Wilson 


Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 

Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 

Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 

Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


VERNON C. DAVID, M.D. President 



ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 

M. HELENA McMILLAN Director, School of Nursing 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital. 

I tie 


trie City o-y Skicagc^ 



Chicago, 111. 

July -August, 1938 

Vol. 30, No. 7 


\f( : , 'p:$f\ { 





Hospital housekeeping involves a va- 
riety of tasks and responsibilities which 
touch every department and have much 
to do with the welfare and comfort of 
the patient. Unlike the housekeeper in 
the home, the hospital housekeeper has 
nothing to do with the planning, cooking, 
and serving of meals. This work belongs 
to the dietary department. The only bed- 
making that the housekeeping staff does 
is that involved in the care of the interns' 
and resident doctors' quarters. Patients 1 
beds are the responsibility of the nursing 

When the word "hospital" is men- 
tioned the first thought that comes into 
anyone's mind is cleanliness, and keeping 
the hospital clean is the housekeeper's 
major responsibility. It demands careful 
management, constant adjustments, and 
most important of all, a staff of workers 
who are loyal, adaptable and conscien- 
ce Continued on Page 2, Col. 1) 

i h 4s*—* : 

Forty-one of the 59 members of the hos- 
pital housekeeping staff are pictured above. 
Six women and 12 men workers were not 
present when the picture was taken. In the 
picture, left to right, are: 

First row — Hazel Dostor, Marie Konva- 
Iinka, Emily Bernat, Katie Manok, Helga 
Ybarra, Kathryn Koopman, and Molly 

Second row — Mary Hardina, Mary 
Mifka, Lydia Ondracek, Mary Petricek, Mary 
Kolar, Bernice Stein, executive housekeeper; 
Anna Tomes, Mary Konecny, assistant house- 
keeper; Frances Lobe, Anna Holan, and Josie 

Third row — Catherine Brennan, Philo- 
mene Eder, Bessie Kravchuk, Jean Mac- 
Fayden, Rose Hruska, Martha Melms, Louise 
Krejsa, Delia Meyer, Polly Strelecky, Doris 
Bunka, Tillie Pagani, Elizabeth Hucka, and 
Bessie Kucera. 

Fourth row — Mary Bricks, Mary Meier, 
Anna Blazowski, Agnes Balas, Elizabeth Fer- 
riter, Louise Belak, Elizabeth Miculecka, 
Grace Tombaugh, and Anna Korak. 

Miss Mary Mifka has the distinction of 
having been employed in the hospital longer 
than any other member of the housekeeping 
staff, having been here since 1914. She now 
takes care of the cleaning on sixth maternity 
floor. Twenty-two others have been employed 
in the department ten years or longer. 

Miss Bernice Stein has been in charge as 
executive housekeeper since Mar. 1, 1937. 
She is a graduate of Rockford College, 
where she majored in home economics and 
institutional management. 




Selection of new furnishings is an im- 
portant task of the hospital housekeeper 
and one that requires special training and 
good judgment. Hospital furnishings 
must be chosen with a view to comfort, 
utility and durability and at the same 
time should have harmony of color and 
line that will prove both pleasing and 
restful to the patient. 

The hospital housekeeper also is re- 
sponsible for upkeep of furnishings. 
Varnishing, painting and repairing of 
furniture is referred to the paint and 
carpenter shops. The carpenter shop also 
makes many pieces of furniture and other 
articles used in the hospital. Redecorat- 
ing of walls is done by the hospital paint- 
ers as is also varnishing of floors and 
woodwork. The chief engineer and his 
staff take care of heating and power 
equipment, plumbing, lighting system 
and all electrical appliances, and mechani- 
(Continued on Page 2, Col. 1) 


(Continued from Page 1, Col. 1) 
tious. The housekeeping department 
functions as a unit when there is coopera- 
tion among the employes and with the 

Day Begins at 4:00 A.M. 

The housekeeping department day begins at 
4:00 A.M. when three men come on duty to 
mop the floors of the main entrance lobby, 
first floor corridors and nursing department 
office. At 6:00 A.M. one woman comes on 
duty to complete the cleaning in the nurses' 
office. At 7:00 A.M. 9 men and 37 women 
begin work. By 8 o'clock all of the offices, 
examining and treatment rooms, laboratory, 
X-ray and therapy rooms are spic and span 
for the day's work. One or more cleaning 
maids are on duty in the operating rooms 
from 7:00 A.M. to 9:00 P.M. Operating 
rooms used for night emergencies are cleaned 
the following morning and are in readiness 
when the operating schedule begins, usually 
at 8 o'clock. 

Many Adjustments Needed 

Routine cleaning of patients' rooms and 
wards is timed to avoid interfering with rou- 
tine nursing care and visits of attending doc- 
tors, and with a view to having it completed 
as early in the day as possible. However, the 
visit of the doctor, some special nursing proce- 
dure, or the patient's need for undisturbed 
rest and quiet, involve many readjustments of 
the working schedule. If a room cannot be 
entered when the maid is ready she must come 
back later. If the routine cleaning scheduled 
for a given day, such as washing up the floor, 
washing the Venetian blinds or washing the 
windows cannot be done in a room on that 
day, it must be done another day. 

Care of Rugs and Floors 

Floors in private rooms are washed by a 
cleaning woman routinely twice a week, and 
oftener when necessary, carpet sweeper and 
dust mop being used daily. Large wards are 
mopped by men workers three times a week 
and are swept twice daily. Rugs from private 
rooms are taken down and vacuumed once a 
week, a carpet sweeper being used on other 
days. If rugs are found at any time to be 
soiled a clean set is put in the room and those 
rugs are washed or dry cleaned, depending on 
the kind of rugs. All floors except those of 
asphalt tile are waxed once a month, a special 
waxing machine being operated by an experi- 
enced man who knows how to apply the wax 
sparingly to avoid slippery floors. A special 
kind of wax is used on rubber tile floors. 

The five stairways in the hospital have a 
total of 845 steps which are cleaned every 
day. It requires the full time services of two 
men to wash the 1005 windows in the hospital 
every other week. One man does nothing but 
keep the 99 Venetian blinds clean. Two 
women devote their whole time to making, 
sorting, mending and changing the white glass 
window curtains and window drapes. White 
glass curtains are changed weekly. Drapes are 
washed as needed. Screen covers are routinely 
changed every two to three weeks, and in 
many instances oftener, as when a room is 

When Rooms Are Vacated 

It's "spring house cleaning day" in each 
hospital room whenever a patient checks out, 
in order that the next occupant may come 
into a room that is spic and span. Furniture, 
floors, woodwork, and bedsprings arc washed: 
rugs are taken out and washed or cleaned; 
window drapes, curtains and screen covers are 
taken down and laundered. Dresser drawers 



In addition to routine and special 
cleaning, selection and upkeep of 
household furnishings and supplies, 
each day brings to the housekeeping 
department a variety of special calls. 
Following is a summary of a typical day: 

Fix the casters on the bed in 303 . . . 
send new spring to 2nd lower ... re- 
pair table in 230 . . . tray table to 239 
. . . new lamp in 5 57 ceiling light to 
be washed . . . flower table for 434 . . . 
chair from 7th X-ray to fever therapy 
. . . move chest from 361 to children's 
floor . . . take casters off bed in 656 
. . . chair from storeroom to 618 — 
change telephone in 656 . . . take table 
from 433 .. . clean spring cover to 3B 
. . . rubber tire for crib on children's 
floor . . . cord and tape for Venetian 
blind on 3d upper . . . rubber mattress 
to be taken down from 5 39 ... oil over- 
bed table in 2 34 . . . take floor lamp 
from 453 . . . repair screen in cart room, 
2nd upper . . . 6th maternity wants 
extra ward bed, bedside table; wheel on 
hamper to be repaired . . . repair hinges 
on screen in 555 . . . clean hall after 
plasterers, 4th upper — put up new 
shades in 7th maternity nursery. 


Mrs. A. E. Whiley (Helen Donner, 1935) 
leaves for France this summer with her hus- 
band, to study before going to Elat, West 
Africa under the Presbyterian Mission Board. 

Miss Mary Isabelle Taylor (1936) who has 
also been appointed to a post in West Africa 
is at present in the East and will sail for 
Africa the end of July. 

are washed inside. If the furniture has slip 
covers, these are removed and washed. The 
clothes closet or wardrobe is thoroughly 
cleaned. If the room has a bath this is cleaned 

Nurses' Care for Beds 

The nursing department is responsible for 
the stripping of the bed, care of mattresses 
and pillows and sterilizing of all utensils and 
the dressing of the bed for the incoming pa- 
tient. Mattresses are thoroughly cleaned and 
aired. Orderlies take the mattresses to the 
roof to be aired in the sun. Pillows receive 
similar care. Orderlies also sterilize utensils. 

One woman is on duty every evening until 
9 o'clock to take care of rooms which patients 
have vacated and which may be needed for an 
incoming patient the following morning. Al- 
though the bulk of the routine cleaning is 
done on week days, it is necessary to have 
some workers on duty for a few hours on 
Sunday, to take care of vacated rooms and do 
such other cleaning as must be done daily. 
Two different groups work three hours each 
on Sunday and each person works only every 
other Sunday. Schedules are arranged so that 
no employee works longer than eight hours in 
any one day and all have a half-day off during 
the week. 

Housekeeping department workers not 
shown in the picture on page 1 arc: Austin 
Howland, head houseman; Gust Berg and 
Mike Yakubovich, window washers; Anna 
Holota, Anna Paul, Frances Williams, Marie 
Mach, Libby Kropacek, Katie Ross, Anna 
Elias, Gunnar Ahlson, Paul Forsman, Andrew 
Howland, Albert Kraus, Joe Matassa, Thomas 
Robinson, H. P. Nicholson, Louis Strelccky. 



Each man or woman accepted for em- 
ployment in the housekeeping depart- I 
ment must first have been proved physi- 
cally fit through a complete physical ex- 
amination, with medical history and labo- 
ratory tests including Wassermann, uri- 
nalysis and stool culture. If deemed 
necessary X-ray chest films are taken and 
throat culture made. 

Free medical care is provided and em- 
ployees having a cold or upper respira- 
tory infection must report to the resident 
physician and are not permitted to re- 
turn to work until they have had a nega- i 
tive throat culture for hemolytic strepto- 
cocci. Free hospitalization is provided 
when needed. Under the hospital em- 
ployees' group insurance plan, sick bene- 
fits are paid to employees starting with 
the eighth day of disability. 

Workers employed in the maternity 
department are given additional X-ray 
and laboratory tests before employment 
and are subjected to frequent check-ups 
as a safeguard against spreading infec- 
tions to which mothers and newborn 
babies are especially susceptible. 

Sixth maternity floor, on which is 
located the birth and labor rooms; sev- 
enth maternity, where the nurseries and 
rooms and wards for mothers are located; 
and the children's floor, each have their 
own cleaning maids, who do not work in 
any other part of the hospital. Masks are 
worn when cleaning the nurseries, in- 
fants' wards and milk laboratory. 


(Continued from Page 1, Col. 3) 
cal equipment in the hospital. Although 
much of the work of this character is re- 
ported directly to the engineer by nurses 
and heads of various departments, the 
housekeeping staff keeps a careful check 
on things that may require the attention 
of engineer, such as leaky faucets, burned 
out lamps and other lighting and elec- 
trical replacements or repairs. 


The pioneer work done in the development 
of the hospital pharmacy by William Gray, 
Presbyterian Hospital pharmacist for the past 
3 2 years, was commended in an article in a 
recent issue of the Journal of the American 
Pharmaceutical Association. The article on 
"The Present Status of the Hospital Pharma- 
cy" was by Edward Spease, dean of the 
School of Pharmacy at Western Reserve Uni- 
versity and directing pharmacist in the Uni- 
versity Hospitals, Cleveland. 


Among the improvements recently 
made in different departments of the hos- 
pital are the following: 

Attractive new floor covering, redeco- 
rated walls, and installation of sliding 
curtains in the large ward on the mater- 
nity floor. The sliding curtains replace 
the portable screens formerly placed 
around the beds to afford privacy when 
desired. New indirect lighting fixtures 
have been installed also. 

Remodeling, redecorating and refur- 
nishing of the nurseries for newborn 
babies. Of especial interest here are the 
larger glassed windows affording a better 
view to visiting fathers and other rela- 
tives, and individual bassinet carriers 
which afford added safeguards against 
cross infections and are a great conveni- 
ence in caring for the infants. 

The waiting room in the first floor 
examining room suite has been remodeled 
to provide two additional examining 
rooms, which were greatly needed in this 

The waiting room off the main lobby 
has been redecorated, and has an attrac- 
tive new floor covering, and new indirect 
lighting fixtures. 

Improvements made in the McElwee 
Memorial four-bed ward on the second 
floor include the installation of sliding 
curtains, new lighting and an improved 
type of wall outlets over each bed for 
attaching electric heating pads and other 
appliances used in the care of patients, 
redecorating of walls, new floor covering, 
new drapes, new bedside tables and other 
furnishings. It is planned to remodel all 
of the wards in a similar manner when 
funds for this purpose become available. 

Much other redecorating has been 
done in corridors and rooms on different 
floors and many small improvements 

Several private rooms have been re- 
decorated and refurnished so far this 
year. In some instances funds for this 
purpose have been provided by the ori- 
ginal donors of memorial rooms or mem- 
bers of their families and it is hoped that 
more redecorating and refurnishing will 
be provided for in this manner in the 
next few months. 

Hoefer - Dorsey 

Dr. John M. Dorsey was married on 
June 29 to Miss Charlotte Burns Hoefer 
of Flossmoor. The nuptial mass was at 
St. Philip Neri's Church. Dr. Dorsey is 
a surgeon on our staff. 


Several members of the Medical Staff 
attended the convention of the American 
Medical Association and sessions of allied 
professional groups in San Francisco in 
June. Dr. Herman L. Kretschmer was 
reelected treasurer of the association, an 
office he has held for several years. Prior 
to the convention, Dr. Kretschmer was 
in San Francisco to conduct examinations 
under the auspices of the American 
Board of Urology of which he is presi- 
dent. Following the convention, Dr. and 
Mrs. Kretschmer and their sons had a 
pleasant vacation trip during which they 
visited Los Angeles, Cedar Breaks Na- 
tional monument, Brice and Grand Can- 
yons, Zion National park and Salt Lake 

As a member of the American Board 
of Internal Medicine, Dr. Ernest E. Irons 
assisted in conducting the examinations 
of those desiring to qualify as specialists 
in that field. He also took part in the 
program of the convention section on 
internal medicine. 

Dr. Kellogg Speed was chairman of 
the convention exhibit on fractures, 
which included practical demonstrations 
of procedures. He also discussed Dr. M. 
B. Tinker's paper on "Fracture of the 
Neck of the Femur." 

Dr. Daniel B. Hayden presented a 
paper before the section on internal 
medicine on the topic "Head Noises," 
discussion of which was given by Dr. 
Willard L. Wood. 

Dr. Wood and Dr. Stuyvesant Butler 
took the examination of the American 
Board of Internal Medicine. Following 
the convention Dr. Wood and family 
visited Mrs. Donald P. Abbott and chil- 
dren in San Diego and were guests of 
friends at Lake Tahoe, Nevada. 

At the meeting of the Association for 
the Study of Glands of Internal Secre- 
tion, June 14, Dr. W. O. Thompson 
presented a report on "The Treatment 
of Addison's Disease with Adrenal 
Cortex Extract." The report was pre- 
pared by W. O. Thompson, P. K. 
Thompson, S. G. Taylor III, and Wil- 
liam S. Hoffman. Dr. W. O. Thompson 
and Dr. N. J. Heckel presented a paper 
on "The Present Status of the Treatment 
of Undescended Testes" before the sec- 
tion on the practice of medicine of the 
A. M. A. convention, June 17, and were 
in charge of a scientific exhibit during 
the convention on "Production of Genital 
Growth in the Male." The same exhibit 
was shown at the convention of the 
Illinois Medical Society in Springfield 
in May. 


Dr. Disraeli Kobak, head of the physical 
therapy department, has gone to Amsterdam, 
The Netherlands, to investigate some new 
light therapy equipment developed there. 
* * * 

Dr. Gatewood Gatewood was the speaker 
at a meeting of the DuPage County Medical 
Society in Wheaton, May 25. He discussed 
diseases of the lower bowel. 

Dr. W. L. Wood and Dr. George Stuppy 
were speakers at a meeting of the Rock 
County Medical Society in Janesville, Wis., 
June 28. 

Dr. Rollin T. Woodyatt was the speaker 
at a meeting of the Douglas Park branch of 
the Chicago Medical Society, May 24, on 
"Some Phases of the Diabetes Problem." 

Dr. Herman L. Kretschmer, Dr. Michael 
O'Heeron and Dr. William D. Warrick pre- 
sented a paper at the annual meeting of the 
Chicago Urological Society, May 26. Their 
report on "The Value of Urea Chloride 
Determination in the Study of Renal Func- 
tion" covered a review of 1,100 cases. 




Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 





FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable Fred A. Poor 

Alfred T. Carton Theodore A. Shaw 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Rev. John Timothy 

John B. Drake Stone, D.D. 

James B. Forgan, Jr. R. Douglas Stuart 

Albert D. Farwell Robert Stevenson 

Alfred E. Hamill J. Hall Taylor 

Charles H. Hamill John P. Welling 

Edw. D. McDougal, Jr. Edward F. Wilson 


Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 
Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 
Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 
Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


VERNON C. DAVID, M.D President 



ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Ass*. Superintendent 

M. HELENA McMILLAN.. .Director, School of Nursing 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital. 




Make 140 Different Articles 

It requires the services of seven 
seamstresses supplemented by a large 
amount of volunteer sewing done by 
church groups and others, to make and 
keep in repair the linens, curtains and 
numerous other articles used in the Pres- 
byterian Hospital. Two seamstresses 
make and keep in repair the white glass 
curtains and window drapes. The others 
work in the general sewing and linen 
room where the 140 different articles cut 
out and made total many thousands in 
the course of a year. In addition, from 
1,500 to 2,000 pieces of mending are 
handled each week. 

Articles for Many Purposes 

Articles made include: various kinds 
of towels, tray cloths, special sheets of 
varying sises and patterns for use in 
operating rooms, on carts, etc.; many 
different kinds of surgical binders, sur- 
gical caps, gowns and masks of different 
kinds for nurses, interns and doctors; 
slings, patients' gowns, operating stock- 
ings, eye patches, throat bag covers, 
sterilising bags of varying sixes in which 
articles are placed when sterilised and in 
which they remain until taken out to be 
used, electric pad covers, laundry bags 
of various kinds, special pillow cases, bed 
spring covers, rubber sheets and other 
articles made of rubber sheeting, chair 
and pillow covers, slip covers, back rest 
covers, cart pads, green- cloth shades for 
lights, aprons, table cloths, napkins and 
many other articles. 

Worn-out Supplies Replaced 

When the laundry is sorted all linen and 
other articles in need of mending is sent to 
the sewing room. Here it is looked over care- 
fully and any that is past mending is replaced 
from new stores kept in the linen room. All 
articles are stamped with the floor or the de- 
partment to which they belong. This facili- 
tates sorting and distribution of laundered 
supplies. Each article also is stamped with the 
date on which it is first put into use, thus 
affording a check on wearing qualities. 

Use Special Markings 

Gowns and other supplies used for those 
having skin diseases are stamped "Skin," to 
insure that they will be kept separate from 
other laundry. Pink masks are made for the 
use of nurses, interns and doctors when at- 
tending infectious cases, as a safeguard against 
going from such a case to other patients with- 
out a complete change of attire. Bedpan 
covers arc hemmed with heavy red thread to 
prevent mistaking theni for towels. Patients' 
hand towels are plain white, and those used 
in operating rooms and for other surgical pur- 
poses are of red-checked toweling. Laundry 
bags used in the maternity department are 
labelled in red to prevent mixing the laundry 
from that department with other laundry. 

Mattress pads and rubber sheets are made 
with wide muslin strips along each side so 


At the left, Miss Martha Melms, who has 
charge of the sewing and linen room, is 
shown marking linens. Miss Melms has been 
employed here 14 years and has been head 
of the sewing and linen room 12 years. 
Since becoming a hospital employee in 
February, 1924, she has lost only one-half 
day because of illness. 

Below, a portion of the sewing room. 
Those seated at the power sewing machines 
are, left to right — Mrs. Louise Krejsa, 
Mrs. Jean MacFayden and Mrs. Annai 
Manok; standing — Mrs. Delia Meyer and 
Mrs. Rose Hruska, who are in charge of the 
curtain room; Miss Polly Strelecky. 


Hospital linen supplies are replenished part- 
ly through the income from a $25,000 linen 
endowment fund which the Woman's Board 
obtained through Thanksgiving offerings and 
special gifts over a period of years. Last year 
ready-made linens purchased included: 
1,080 white bed spreads 
1,540 sheets, ranging in sizes from 

54x72 to 72x108 
4,800 pillow cases, size 45x36 
Smaller sheets and various special sheets are 
made in the sewing room as are also pillow 
cases in varying sizes. 

they can be tucked firmly in place. White 
felt washable sheeting is being used for many 
of the rubber sheets. 

Utilize Worn Articles 

A useful article devised in our sewing room 
and much appreciated by the cleaning maids 
is a rubber knee pad filled with pieces of 
worn-out wool blankets. Many other uses are 
found for badly worn blankets and linens, 
both for articles made in the sewing room and 
those prepared in the sterile supply room. 
Uniforms worn by 40 interns and resident 
doctors are kept in order by the sewing room 
as is also other personal laundry of the resi- 
dent staff. 



Church groups and others enlisted by 
the Woman's Board sewed a total of 1 
16,949 articles for hospital use from June 
1, 1937 to June 1, 1938. The list of 23 
different kinds of articles included 9,300 
towels, 2,671 tray cloths, 1,032 baby 
gowns, 912 stand covers, 704 crib sheets, 
348 glove covers, 312 hot water bag 
covers, 276 electric pad covers, 192 in- 
side pillow cases, 144 bassinet sheets, 114 
cart sheets, 120 children's sheets, 120 
children's pillow slips, and smaller quan- 
tities of ten other articles. 

Many New Blankets Needed 

Blankets of different kinds are among the 
supplies cared for in sewing and linen room. 
Last year the hospital purchased 448 new 
wool blankets in larger sizes for beds and ,| 
wheel chairs, 60 baby blankets, and 864 cot- 
ton bath blankets. Large quilted mattress pads 
bought in 19 37 numbered 484, and 300 I 
smaller pads were purchased. 



ut rresoy Wai jHtosptta 

tke City <yy Skicago' 





September, 1938 

Vol. 30, No. 8 




Much Progress in This Field 

By William F. Moncreiff, M.D. 

Fifty-four years ago on August 20, 
1884, the Presbyterian Hospital of Chi- 
cago received its first patient, a young 
man of seventeen years, admitted for an 
eye operation which was performed by 
Dr. Edward L. Holmes. With this inci- 
dent in mind, it may be of interest to 
survey briefly the progress which has 
been made since that time in opthalmol- 
ogy, especially on the surgical side, and 
to discuss by way of introduction the eye 
defects of this pioneer patient to whom 
belongs the distinction of having been the 
first to be admitted to the Presbyterian 
Hospital. The patient was Ulmer Parks 
of Florence, Wis. According to Post- 
master C. E. Rochon of Florence, the 
Parks family moved away from that com- 
munity many years ago. If still living 
Mr. Parks is 71 years old. 

Operation Is Described 

Dr. Holmes was at that time the out- 
standing ophthalmologist of Chicago, and 
it was he who established the department 
of ophthalmology at the Presbyterian 
Hospital and Rush Medical College. The 
patient above mentioned had been ren- 
dered almost blind in both eyes at the age 
of two years, by a severe ophthalmia 
which rapidly produced dense scar tissue 
formation of the central portion of each 
cornea. The hospital record offers no in- 
formation as to the nature of the disease 
producing the corneal opacities and 
which may have been caused by any one 
of several inflammations of the cornea. 
The operation which Dr. Holmes per- 
formed on this patient in 1884 consisted 
of enlarging the right pupil toward the 
temporal side. This type of operation, the 
so-called optical iridectomy, has the ad- 
vantage of being one of the least hazard- 
ous of intraocular operations, but usually 
(Continued on page 2, col. 1) 



Dl\ Edward L. Holmes, pioneer ophthalmol- 
ogist of the Middle West, performed the first 
operation on the first patient admitted to Pres- 
byterian Hospital, 54 years ago on August 20. 
He was one of the organizers of the hospital 
and a member of the staff for 17 years until 
his death in 1900. He served as president of 
the Medical Board, 1889-1898. 

Dr. Holmes was a native of Massachusetts 
and a graduate of Harvard College and Har- 
vard Medical School. Following his internship 
in Massachusetts General Hospital, he studied 
in Vienna, Paris and Berlin. He came to Chi- 
cago in 1856 and in 1858 he founded the 
Illinois Charitable Eye and Ear Infirmary, 
which he maintained largely at his own ex- 
pense for ten years. It became a state institu- 
tion in 1871, and Dr. Holmes continued as 
its head until shortly before his death. In 
1859 he became lecturer on ophthalmology 
at Rush Medical College and in 1869 the 
chair of ophthalmology and otology was 
created for him. He held this professorship 
for 30 years. From 1890 to 1898 he was presi- 
dent of Rush faculty. 

One of his sons, Dr. Rudolph W. Holmes, 
is a well-known obstetrician and gynecologist 
on the staff of Passavant Hospital and emeritus 
professor at Rush Medical College. He in- 
terned in Presbyterian Hospital, 1894-95, and 
was active in helping bring about the highly 
successful reunion of ex-interns held m June 
of this year. 




Hope to Enlist 750 Workers 

Presbyterian Hospital is one of the 50 
Chicago charitable agencies which will 
participate in the annual Children's 
Benefit League Tag Day on Oct. 3. The 
Woman's Board hopes to enlist 750 tag- 
gers in order to adequately cover the 
locations that have been assigned to hos- 
pital workers. Tag day receipts are used 
to help support the work of our hospital 
children's department, where last year 
786 children were cared for entirely free 
and many others received care for which 
their parents paid only a fraction of the 
cost. Tag Day affords an opportunity for 
hundreds to contribute to this work who 
would not otherwise be reached. The 
Tag Day committee has set $1,800 as the 
goal for this year. 

Taggers Are Needed 

More workers are needed to keep the 
boxes busy from 6:00 A.M. through the 
day. Friends of the hospital willing to 
serve as taggers for a few hours are urged 
to report immediately to one of the fol- 
lowing members of the Tag Day com- 
mittee : 
Mrs. William R. Tucker, chairman, Evanston, 

University 2870. 
North Suburban— Mrs. Burton W. Hales. 

Winnetka 353 3. 
North Side— Mrs. Orvid R. Seller,-, 

Diversey 9854. 
South Side— Mrs. Henry W. Bernhardt, 

South Shore 4440. 
West Side—Mrs. Earle B. Fowler, Oak Park, 

Euclid 314 — Mrs. William H. Rikcr, 

Oak Park, Euclid 234. 

Give at These Locations 

Those wishing to have their Tag Day 
contributions help the hospital are urged 
to make their donations to workers who 
will he stationed on all locations in Lake 
Forest and the following locations in 
Chicago : 

(Continued on page 4, col. 3) 


(Continued from page 1, col. 1) 
produces only a limited visual improve- 
ment, which is rarely sufficient for near 

Corneal transplantation is our most 
modern method of dealing with such 
cases of central corneal opacity. This 
operation consists of the removal of a 
central disc or quadrilateral portion of 
the full thickness of the opaque cornea 
from the patient's eye, and the substitu- 
tion of a clear corneal transplant of cor- 
responding size and shape taken from the 
eye of a donor, usually a stillborn infant. 
In rare instances, a corneal transplant 
may be secured from an adult eye which 
requires removal because of severe injury 
or malignant tumor. In the earlier years 
of this work, some 20 years ago, good 
visual results averaged barely more than 
five per cent, while at present the oper- 
ator of largest experience in this field, 
Filatov of Odessa, reports almost 50 pet- 
cent of good results. Much technical 
progress in this procedure is still re- 
quired, however, to reduce the hazards 
of the operation and to increase the per- 
centage of permanently good visual re- 
sults. In the best instances, even now, 
the central vision is restored to normal 
or nearly normal. 

Local Anesthesia Introduced 

It was in the year 1884, just the month 
following Dr. Holmes' operation, that 
Koller of Vienna, later of New York, in- 
troduced cocaine into ocular surgery as 
the basis of the first effective local anes- 
thesia. The application of local anesthe- 
sia was given a still further impetus, 21 
years later, by Einhorn's synthesis of 
novocain in 1905 and its immediate in- 
troduction by Braun into ophthalmic 
(eye) and general surgery. During the 
past 25 years, the innumerable technical 
improvements that have been made have 
deprived intraocular surgery of many of 
its hazards, and eliminated pain so com- 
pletely that at present we rarely resort to 
general anesthesia for any eye operation, 
except when the patient is a child. 

Earliest Modern Eye Surgery 

The earliest beginnings of modern eye sur- 
gery date back to the middle of the 18th cen- 
tury, and the most important development of 
this period was the first extraction of the 
cataractous lens by Davicl in 1747. Prior to 
this time, cataract surgery was limited to the 
"couching" operation, or dislocation o! the 
lens downward into the vitreous. Some twen- 
ty years previous to Daviel's first cataract oper- 
ation, the Englishman, Cheselden, introduced 
an operation on the iris for the production of 
an artificial pupil. Thus the principle under- 
lying Dr. Holmes' first operation at Pres- 
byterian may be said to have been more than 
a century and a half old at that time. The 
development of this idea was retarded for 
aboul :eventy-five years, and still anothei fifty 
years elapsed before Von Gracfc devised 
(1856) his iridectomy for glaucoma. These 
early operators were handicapped and penal- 
i ed only by the absence of anesthesia, but 


1. Drops administered to eyes of 
every child at birth. 

2. The eyes of all children regularly 
and periodically examined and 

3. Corrective glasses scientifically 
prescribed by an ophthalmologist 
(eye physician, often called an 
oculist), and treatment given if 

4. Sightsaving classes organized for 
school children with defective 

5. Children's eyes safeguarded front 
accidents, especially from fire- 

6. Campaigns for safety in industry 
and explicit observance of safety 
rules by all workers. 

7. Prompt attention to all eye in- 
juries and inflammations by a 
competent eye physician. 

8. Premarital health examinations. 

9. Prenatal care of prospective 
mothers with special attention to 
venereal diseases. 

10. The support of every movement 
having as its aim the conservation 
of sight and the prevention of 

also by the lack of any definite knowledge of 
asepsis and antisepsis, a development which 
began less than twenty years prior to the open- 
ing of the Presbyterian Hospital. Dr Holmes' 
earlier work was thus contemporary with the 
beginning of eye surgery under really modern 
conditions of asepsis and anesthesia. 

Invention of Ophthalmoscope 

The most important event of the 19th cen- 
tury in ophthalmology was not, however, sur- 
gical, but was the development of the first 
ophthalmoscope by the Englishman Babbagc 
in 1847. Since he was effectually discouraged 
from reporting his invention, the credit goes 
to Von Helmholtz, who invented independent- 
ly a similar but rather inferior instrument in 
1850. Within a few years improved models of 
the ophthalmoscope were devised, and from 
this period originated the development of most 
of our knowledge of the diseases and defects 
of the interior of the eye. Present day varieties 
of this instrument permit examination of the 
interior of the eye by direct vision under 
magnifications up to 120 diameters. 

It was not until after Dr. Holmes' time that 
another outstanding instrument of basic im- 
portance for the examination of the eye was 
invented. This was the slit lamp and corneal 
microscope of Gullstrand, about 1912, for the 
examination primarily of the anterior part of 
the eye. During the past 25 years the work 
of Vogt and others with this instrument has 
contributed a wealth of detail concerning cor- 
neal diseases, the lens, types of cataract, and 
inflammations of the iris and ciliary body. By 
virtue of this advance of knowledge wc arc 
now able to recognize the earliest stages of im- 
portant inflammatory processes in this terri- 
tory, and to follow more accurately their 

Use Electro-Surgery 

Within the past 1 5 years, the most impor- 
tant discovery in ophthalmology is again sur- 
gical, and affords methods of electro-surgical 
treatment of detachment of the retina, espe 
daily types that formerly were practically 
hopeless. These methods include both dia- 
thermic micro-puncture and galvanic puncture 
and were developed by Conn,, Vogt, Safar, 

Walker and others. Some operators have se- || 
cured in the more favorable types of cases as || 

high as 70 per cent of cures. 

New Non-Surgical Measures 

While new methods of clinical examination l| 
of the eye are of great importance, and al- ! 
though one's attention is likely to focus on M 
new surgical procedures which relieve or cure 
eye conditions that were previously almost be- II 
yond help, we should not overlook the prog- || 
ress that has been made in the prevention of 
certain eye diseases and of eye injuries, and I 
also the effective substitution of non-surgical 
for surgical measures in certain situations. 

Prevention Makes Advances 

Of the communicable eye diseases of in- 
fectious nature which are diminishing in fre- 
quency, two of the most important are tracho- 
ma and gonorrheal ophthalmia. In very recent 
years much progress has been made in this 
country and especially in this state in control- 
ling the trachoma problem, largely by per- 
sistent and effective treatment of a high pro- 
nortion of cases in the areas where the disease 
is prevalent, coupled with measures to improve 
"he hygienic and economic status of the popu- 
lation groups affected. The incidence of gonor- 
rheal ophthalmia in the newborn is but a small 
fraction of what it was twenty years or more 
ago, due almost entirely to the use by prophy- 
lactic instillation of silver nitrate solution, in- 
troduced by Crede in 1884, but not made 
legally mandatory throughout most of the 
United States until recent years. Should pres- 
ent efforts to stamp out the venereal diseases 
become as effective eventually as were the 
measures taken against smallpox and typhoid 
fever, for example, then gonorrheal ophthalmia 
would become equally rare. 

Safety Measures Help 

The reduced incidence of eye injuries, in 
spite of the increased hazards imposed by high 
speed modern machinery and production and 
other factors, is largely due to the widespread 
adoption of safety measures by industry itself 
combined with general educational propa- 
ganda. Of outstanding importance in the pre- 
vention of eye injuries is the increasingly 
widespread use of safety glass in automobile 
windshields and windows. 

Less Surgery Is Needed 

The concomitant strabismus (crossed eyes) 
of early childhood is perhaps our most perti- 
nent example of a condition which has gradu- 
ally been transferred to a larger extent with 
each decade, from the surgical to the non- 
surgical category. Although the elimination of 
neglect in the early stages of this condition 
cannot produce a cure without surgery in 
every instance, nevertheless effective early care 
has reduced further with each passing year the 
proportion of cases eventually requiring opera- 

Cataract and glaucoma, two of the most im- 
portant of the degenerative diseases of the eve 
which seriously impair vision in the later de- 
cades of life, still present many unsolved prob- 
lems. Our surgical methods of attack arc im- 
proving year by year in effectiveness and safe- 
ty, but preventive efforts have made no appre- 
ciable headway. Biochemical and biophysical 
methods have produced most of the little prog- 
ress which has been made toward the solution 
of these problems, and further progress along 
these lines is likely to follow. However, as 
far as one can now predict, both of these con- 
ditions arc likely to remain primarily surgical 
problems for many decades to come, and the 
final solution of all the underlying causative 
factors may have to await revolutionary ad- 
vances in basic science concerning the nature 
of which wc may have at present no adequate 

These Have Served on the Staff Longest 





Five A. M. A. Presidents 

though Presbyterian Hospital admit - 
;s first patient on August 20, 1884, 
'uilding was not entirely completed 
: urnished until sometime in Septem- 
For this reason some historical ac- 
:s have stated that the hospital 
>d in September. According to Mrs. 
J . Graham, only living charter meru- 
it" the Hospital Ladies Aid Society 
ii-ed in May, 1884, and widow of 
jraham, one of the founders of the 
tal, no formal dedication exercises 
held to mark the opening of the 

ie Presbyterian Hospital Society was 
porated on July 21, 1883 following 
i the Board of Managers took over 
lospital building project which had 
started through efforts of Dr. 
h Presley Ross and other members 
ush faculty. 

iring the 54 years since its first pa- 
was admitted Presbyterian Hospital 
lad on its staff many physicians and 
:ons of national and international 
. Five presidents of the American 
ical Association have been members 
e Medical Staff here — Dr. Arthur 
i Bevan, Dr. Nicholas Senn, Dr. 
B. Murphy, Dr. Frank Billings, and 
Dean Lewis. Other staff members, 
and present, have held or are now 
ng offices in important national, 

state, or local professional organizations. 
Contributions to medical literature have 
been numerous and varied. 

Dr. John A. Robison 

Dr. John A. Robison, now a consulting 
physician on the staff, is the only surviving 
member of the first staff. He was secretary of 
the Medical Board from 1886 to 1908. He 
also was a member of the Board of Managers 
beginning in 188? and assistant secretary of 
that board for 21 years. He was professor of 
medicine at Rush Medical College for many 
years. In 1901 Dr. Robison organized the 
Chicago Society of Internal Medicine. He was 
president of the Chicago Medical Society in 
1909 and as chairman of its publication com- 
mittee in 1886 founded its first journal, The 
Chicago Medical Recorder. He has held many 
important professional posts including that of 
president of the State Board of Health. Dur- 
ing the World War he served as a Major in 
the Medical Reserve Corps. 

Dr. James B. Herrick 

Dr. James B. Herrick, who joined the Medi- 
cal Staff in 1891, ranks second to Dr. Robison 
in number of years on the staff. 

Dr. Herrick was president of the Medical 
Board from 1908 to 1913 and has also served 
as its vice-president. He has been a consulting 
physician on the staff since 1919 and is best 
known in the medical world for his valuable 
research and clinical work on the subject of the 
heart and its diseases. The first electro-cardio- 
graph used in Chicago was in his office and 
he was instrumental in having installed in 
Presbyterian Hospital in 1914 the first electro- 
cardiograph used in any hospital in this city. 
He was professor of medicine at Rush Medical 
College for many years and is now professor 
emeritus. He was actively identified with Cen- 
tral Free Dispensary for many years. He is 
author ol a number oi well known medical 
books and many articles which have appeared 
in professional journals. 


Dr. Arthur Dean Bevan 
Arthur Dean Bevan, who becam 

of service as a staff member and has served 
longer than any other surgeon now on the 
staff. Dr. Bevan has been head of the surgical 
department since 1894 and was president of 
the Medical Board in 1917 and 1918. He 
is still on the faculty of Rush Medical College 
where he has been clinical professor of sur- 
gery for many years. Dr. Bevan is interna- 
tionally known as a surgeon. He is the author 
of several widely known books on surgery and 
numerous contributions to professional jour- 
nals. In recognition of his wartime services as 
president of the American Medical Association 
in 1917, Dr. Bevan was made an officer of the 
Legion of Honor in France. 

On March 14, 1923, Dr. Bevan performed 
in Presbyterian Hospital the first operations 
in which ethylene-oxygen was used as an anes- 
thetic. His approval and continued use of 
ethylene was an important factor in bringing 
about its adoption by other surgeons and hos- 
pitals throughout the country. 


Rev. Russell L. Dicks began his duties this 
month as hospital chaplain. He came here 
from Massachusetts General Hospital in Bos- 
ton, where he had done similar work. Rev. 
E. N. Ware, our hospital chaplain for 26 
years, retired this summer because of ill health. 


Through an unintentional error the names 
of Goldie Havens and Mary Frits were omit- 
ted from the list of housekeeping department 
employees published in the July-August num- 
ber. Both have been employed in the depart' 
ment more than ten years. 


Mr. H. T. A. Spencely, an architect from 


mi- hospital, Sept. 1 2. to in- 
ing of ward units, arrangement oi 
kitchen and other departments. 




Miss McMillan to Retire 

Fifty-two young women will be gradu- 
ated from the School of Nursing of the 
Presbyterian Hospital at exercises to be 
held in the auditorium of Sprague Home 
at 3 o'clock, Tuesday afternoon, Oct. 11. 
The commencement speaker will be Miss 
Eula Butzerin (1914), professor of pub- 
lic health nursing, University of Chicago. 
Baccalaureate services will be held on 
Sunday, Oct. 9 at 7:45 P.M. The ad- 
dress will be by Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, 
pastor of the Third Presbyterian Church. 
Other graduation week events include: 
Class dinner at Sprague Home, Oct. 7 
Alumna: luncheon at Palmer House, Oct. 10 
Alumna; dinner dance at Palmer House, 
Oct. 12 

Admit New Students 

Forty-one new students were admitted 
to the School of Nursing on Sept. 4 and 
5, and another group is to be admitted on 
Sept. 24 and 25. Applicants were divided 
into two groups because of the large 
number desiring to enter the school this 

Miss McMillan to Retire 

Miss M. Helena McMillan has an- 
nounced her retirement as director of the 
Presbyterian Hospital School of Nursing 
and hospital nursing service, effective 
October 15. She will retain her connec- 
tion with the school and hospital as di- 
rector emeritus. A detailed account of 
Miss McMillan's long and valued service 
at Presbyterian Hospital and in the inter- 
ests of the nursing profession generally 
will appear in our October Bulletin. 

Pending appointment of a successor to 
the position of director, the School of 
Nursing will be in charge of the dean, 
Miss May Russell, and the hospital nurs- 
ing service in charge of Miss Harriet 
Forrest, assistant superintendent of nurs- 


The first meeting of the Woman's 
Board since June will be held in the hos- 
pital chapel Monday morning, Oct. 3. 
At this time an appreciation service in 
memory of Mrs. L. Hamilton McCor- 
mick will be held. Mrs. McCormick, 
who died on June 26, was for many years 
,ni active member and officer of the 
Woman's Board of Presbyterian Hospi- 
tal. A report of the appreciation service 
will appear in a Liter issue of our 


Miss Leila Clark (1922) on furlough from 
India has completed a year's rest and study at 
Columbia University. She returned in August 
to Punjab, where she is in charge of a native 
school of nursing. 

A. H. A. TO HOLD 40th 
AT DALLAS SEPT. 26 to 30 

For the 40th year since its organiza- 
tion in 1899, the American Hospital 
Association will bring together hospital 
people from all parts of the United States 
and Canada, when its annual convention 
is held in Dallas, Tex., Sept. 26 to 30. 
Every phase of hospital planning, admin- 
istration, and control will be considered 
at general sessions or sectional confer- 

The 18th annual convention of the 
American Protestant Hospital Associa- 
tion will be held in Dallas, Sept. 24-25, 
and the American College of Hospital 
Administrators will convene Sept. 25 and 
26. Mr. Asa S. Bacon, superintendent of 
the Presbyterian Hospital, has been trea- 
surer of the American Hospital Associa- 
tion since 1906, is a trustee of that asso- 
ciation and of the American Protestant 
Hospital Association, and a fellow of the 
American College of Administrators. 


Presbyterian Hospital was the scene of 
two of the demonstration sessions of the 
Sixth Annual Institute for Hospital Ad- 
ministrators, held in Chicago Sept. 7 to 
17 under the auspices of the American 
Hospital Association. Mr. Asa S. Bacon, 
superintendent, was the coordinator for 
the demonstrations given Sept. 7 by: 
Leslie Reid, auditor; Miss Selma Lindcm, 
librarian; Miss Ruth Smith, special serv- 
ice head; Theodore Primas, information 
clerk; and Herman Hensel, assistant 

Mr. Hensel coordinated the demonstra- 
tions presented on Sept. 13 by: Miss 
Beulah Hundcker, director of dietetics; 
Miss Lots Baker, medical record libra- 
rian; Dr. Frank V. Theis, vascular ther- 
apy; Dr. F. H. Squire, fever therapy; and 
Miss Winifred Brainerd, occupational 


Ophthalmology is the special branch 
of medicine and surgery having to do 
with the medical care and treatment of 
the eye. The ophthalmology department 
of Presbyterian Hospital has ten attend- 
ing staff members and two resident 
ophthalmologists. All of these attending 
staff members have been certified by the 
American Board of Ophthalmology as 
specialists in this field. They also hold 
memberships in the sec- 
tion of the American Medical Associa- 
tion, the American Academy of Ophthal- 
mology and other professional societies. 


(Continued from page 1, col. 3) 

Loop — S. side of Adams St. to N. side of 
Quincy St. from W. side of LaSalle St. to E. 
side of Wells St. 

Randolph I. C. station (4 boxes). 

N. side of Lake St. to S. side Wacker Dr. 
from W. side of Clark St. to E. side LaSalle' 
St. and Lower Level. 

North Side — N. side of Lawrence Ave. to 
S. side of Foster from E. side of Broadway to 
W. side of Winthrop: including Argyle "L" 

West Side — S. side of Van Buren to N. 
side of Taylor St. from W. side of Ashland 
Ave. to E. side of Western Ave., including 
Marshfield, Ogden, Hoyne, Western Ave. and 
Garfield Park "L" stations; also Polk St. 
Douglas Park "L" station. 

South Side — S. side of 67th St. to N. side 
of 75th St. from E. side of Kimbark Ave., 
including 72nd St. N. Y. C. station and Kim- 
bark Ave. I. C. station, main line. 



Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President! 

HORACE W. ARMSTRONG Vice- President 




FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable 
Alfred T. Carton 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
John B. Drake 
James B. Forgan, Jr 
Albert D. Farwell 
Alfred E. Hamill 
Charles H. Hamill 
Edw. D. McDougal, 

Fred A. Poor 
Theodore A. Shaw 
Rev. John Timoth 

Stone, D.D. 
R. Douglas Stuar 
Robert Stevenson 
J. Hall Taylor 
John P. Welling 


rd F. Wils 


Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 

Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 

Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 

Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


VERNON C. DAVID, M.D. President- 




ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 

M. HELENA McMILLAN ..Director, School of Nursing 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora-i 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, ana 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention toj 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital 

hie ftes WMaii pospfta 

o"v tke Elty o-y ©k Lea gey 



Chicago, 111. 

October, 1938 

Vol. 30, No. 9 




Establish Educational Fund 

Miss M. Helena McMillan, who retired 
Oct. 15 as director of the Presbyterian 
Hospital School of Nursing and hospital 
nursing service, was the guest of honor 
at the annual luncheon of the Alumnae 
Association at the Palmer House, Oct. 
10. The program consisted of tributes to 
Miss McMillan by Mrs. Wilber Post 
(Louise Morrison) member of the first 
class graduated m 1906; Miss Estalene 
Spears, president of the 1938 class; Miss 
May L. Russell, dean of the school; Mrs. 
Ernest E. Irons, president of the Woman's 
Board and a graduate of Lakeside Hos- 
pital School of Nursing while Miss Mc- 
Millan was its director prior to joining 
the Presbyterian staff; and Miss Char- 
lotte F. Landt, 1911 graduate. Miss 
Marie E. Harden (1929), president of 
the Alumnae Association, presided. 

Presents Check for #1,503 

Miss Landt, who is now assistant to 
the director of the Cook County School 
of Nursing and night superintendent of 
nursing in that hospital, was chosen to 
present to Miss McMillan on behalf of 
the Alumnae a check for $1,503 repre- 
senting a gift of $1 for each of the 1,503 
graduates of the school including the class 
of 1938. She said that it was the hope 
of the Alumnae that "you may enjoy to 
the utmost those numerous things which 
you have wanted to do in the past but 
have found it imposible to do because of 
the pressure of your many responsibilities 
and the constant demand upon your 

Educational Fund Response 

Preceding presentation of this personal 
gift "with a warm expression of deep 
gratitude and everlasting devotion," Miss 
Landt told of the plan to establish the 
Helena McMillan Educational Fund for 
(Continued on Page 3, Co!. ]) 



(From American Journal of T^ursing) 
M. Helena McMillan, director of nurs- 
ing and of the School of Nursing, 
Presbyterian Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, 
is retiring in October after more than 35 
years as director of the school which she 
established in April 1903. During that 
period and during her previous service 
as director of the School of Nursing at 
the Lakeside Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio, 
Miss McMillan's name has been asso- 
ciated with practically every progressive 
movement in nursing. Indeed, she has 
been the moving and guiding spirit in 
many of them, particularly in her own 
state and city. 

Miss McMillan received the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts from McGill University 
(Continued on Page 2, Col. 1) 




Graduates Now Total 1,503 

On October 11 in the auditorium of 
Sprague Home for Nurses, 52 young 
women comprising the last class to grad- 
uate under Miss McMillan, received 
diplomas. Miss Eula Butsenn (1914), 
professor of public health nursing at the 
University of Chicago gave the address. 
Mr. Alfred T. Carton, former president of 
the board of managers of the hospital, 
presided and conferred the diplomas. 
School pins were presented by Mrs. 
Ernest E. Irons, president of the Wo- 
man's Board. Miss Helen Currier pre- 
sented the class gift, a book fund of 
$100 given in memory of Josephine 
Wagoner, a member of the class who died 
during her junior year. 

Miss Margaret Morgan was at the 
piano for the processional and reces- 
sional. The invocation was by Rev. 
Russell L. Dicks, newly appointed hospi- 
tal chaplain. Mr. Robert Thompson sang 
two beautiful numbers. 

Following the exercises parents and 
friends were guests at a reception during 
which tea was served in the dining room. 

Excerpts from Address 

In her address on "Individual Excel- 
lence in Nursing Service" Miss Butserin 
pointed out "that excellence of service is 
not a single virtue in itself. It is a combi- 
nation of virtues which emerges as a 
result of conscious every day endeavor. 

"Individual excellence determines the 
quality of performance of the whole group 
which is comprised of the many individu- 
als. Knowledge, skill and desirable social 
and professional attitudes, taken singly are 
not enough. Knowledge to be effective 
must be applied at suitable times when 
occasions call for action. Skills in nursing 
(Continued on Page 6, Col. 1) 


Members of the Woman's Board and a 
large number of other guests attended a 
tea in honor of Miss McMillan given at 
the Fortnightly Club on October 14, by 
the honorary president of the board, Mrs. 
David W. Graham; the president, Mrs. 
Ernest E. Irons; and four past presidents, 
Mrs. Perkins B. Bass, Mrs. C. Frederick 
Childs, Mrs. Frederick T. Haskell, and 
Mrs. Clyde E. Shorey. 

Honorary hostesses were Mrs. George 
R. Nichols, Mrs. Henry C. Hackney and 
Mrs. Ernest A. Hamill. Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, Mrs. Robert Stuart, Mrs. John Paul 
Welling, Mrs. Arthur G. Cable, Mrs. 
James B. Hernck, Mrs. Alva Knight, 
Mrs. John P. Mentzer, Miss Lucibel Dun- 
ham and Miss Anna P. Williams pre- 
sided at the tea tables. Mrs. Charles S. 
Reed, one of the vice-presidents of the 
board, was chairman of arrangements. 
Other officers of the board who assisted 
were: Mrs. Lincoln M. Coy, Mrs. John 
Mentzer, Mrs. William R. Tucker, Mrs. 
Lawrence Dunlap Smith, Mrs. Earle B. 
Fowler, Mrs. Edward G. Beatie, and Mrs. 
Gordon B. Wheeler. 

As stated elsewhere the Woman's 
Board is cooperating with the Alumnae 
Association in obtaining contributions to 
the Educational Fund which has been 
established in honor of Miss McMillan. 
At the October meeting of the board, 
Miss McMillan expressed her apprecia- 
tion for the cooperation and assistance 
extended by the board to the School of 
Nursing throughout the years. 


(Continued from Page I, Col. 2) 

in Montreal in 1891, and was graduated 
from the Illinois Training School, Chica- 
go, in 1894. Shortly thereafter she be- 
came Lady Superintendent of the Kings- 
ton (Ontario) General Hospital. 

She is best known, however, as having 
established the school of nursing at the 
Lakeside Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio (now 
the Frances Payne Bolton School of 
Nursing of Western Reserve Univer- 
sity), which she directed from 1897 to 
1902, and for her work in organizing and 
developing the Presbyterian Hospital 
School of Nursing, Chicago, from which 
she is now retiring. 

To the development of both these schools 
she brought an unusual vision, high educa- 
1 inn. il ideals, and the willingness to abandon 
old concepts and practices and to initiate new 
ones with vigor and determination, This last 
characteristic was clearly evidenced in the 
early plans for the establishment of the Prcshy- 


An article in the current number of 
the Canadian Nurse about Miss Mc- 
Millan is headed "One of our Own" 
and concludes with the following com- 

"Canadian nurses still claim Miss 
McMillan as one of our own and are 
proud of her fine record as an adminis- 
trator and educator. Their best wishes 
will follow her in her retirement." 

In Red Cross Courier 

An article in the Red Cross Courier 
published by the American Red Cross, 
states that Miss McMillan enrolled as 
a Red Cross Nurse in 1911 at the very 
beginning of that service and "was for 
a number of years a member of the 
National Committee on Red Cross 
Nursing Service — and a very valuable 
member. She has many strong friends 
in the Red Cross." 

terian Hospital School of Nursing, which in- 
cluded such progressive elements as an eight- 
hour day, the introduction of tuition fees, 
and provision for a preliminary period for 
affiliations. It has been apparent many times 
since in Miss McMillan's courageous and per- 
sistent championship of new ideas in nursing 
education and in her readiness to make them 
effective in her own school. 

Influence Is Widespread 

Graduates of the Presbyterian Hospital 
School of Nursing have won distinction in 
many places, thus adding luster not only to 
the school, but to the hospital. That school 
and hospital, however, have not been the only 
field of Miss McMillan's work and influence. 
During the trying period when the Illinois 
nurse practice act was before the legislature, 
she went to the State Capitol again and again 
to work for the passage of the bill. She helped 
to formulate the principles on which was 
founded the Chicago Central Council for 
Nursing Education, an organization of lay 
persons and of nurses which has done active 
work, during the postwar period and later, 
in bringing nursing and nursing education 
before the public. 

The breadth of Miss McMillan's interests 
led her to participate actively in many and 
varied phases of the development of nursing. 
As a member of the local (Kingston) com- 
mittee, she helped to introduce into Canada 
the Victorian Order of Nurses in 1896. In 
1899 she was a foundation member and coun- 
cillor of the International Council of Nurses. 
She served on the board of directors of the 
Cleveland Visiting Nurse Association in 1901. 

Called to Many Offices 

Possessed of unusual initiative and adminis- 
trative ability, high educational ideals, and 
willingness to give freely of herself and of 
her time, she has been called to many high 
offices in both the National League of Nurs- 
ing Education and the Illinois State League 
of Nursing Education. In the National 
League she has held the important offices of 
secretary, treasurer, second vice-president, and 
director, and has served on many important 
committees. These include the Committee on 
Education; the Committee on Hospital Econ- 
omics which guided the courses at Teachers 
College before the Department of Nursing 
and Health was established: the Committee 

on the Department of Nursing and Health at 
Teachers College; and the League's Commit- 
tee on the Grading of Nursing Schools, which! 
preceded the larger Committee on the Grad-j 
ing of Nursing Schools the final report of] 
which appeared in 1934. In the Illinois 
League of Nursing Education she was presi- 
dent for five terms and served as a member' 
of the board of directors for more than 25 of 
the 3 5 years she has lived and worked in the 
state. She was a director of the Illinois State < 
Nurses Association for many years. 

Promotes University Courses 

Notable in her contribution to nursing edu- 
cation in Illinois is the service which shej 
rendered through her membership on the Uni-i 
versity Relations Committee. For many years, 
as chairman of this committee, she guided its; 
activities and helped to stimulate the interest 
of professional and lay groups in university! 
education for nurses. It was largely through 
the efforts of this committee that courses fori 
graduate nurses were established at the Uni- 
versity of Chicago — a recent outstanding de- 
velopment in nursing education in the Middle 

In 1936 Miss McMillan received the 
Saunders medal "for distinguished service in 
the cause of nursing." 

"An Outstanding Torch" 

Those who have worked with her speak 1 
appreciatively of Miss McMillan's fairness ofjj 
attitude, her sincerity, her downright honesty i 
and her tolerance. She is always ready to 
listen to her younger associates and to con- 
sider and analyse new ideas presented byj 
them. One such associate writes, "She never 
seems hurried, her entrance or presence in a 
room quiets, she has been known to save < 
tense situations by her droll comments or to 
decide a question of moment satisfactorily byi 
her suggestion or advice." 

Another observes, "Petty gossip fades fromi 
conversation when she joins a group." An 
associate of many years standing has said, I 
"Her nurses acknowledge that she is their 
best friend. She reproves on occasion and 
defends them to the limit against the criticisms 
of others." 

Miss McMillan's signal service to the nurs- 
ing profession throughout the forty-four years: 
of her professional life has been a tremendous- 
ly powerful influence for progress in the field i 
of nursing education. Always ready to take 
the initiative and to lend her support to every] 
progressive movement, she is one of the out- 
standing torches of our profession. 

The above article is reprinted from the; 
October number of the American Journal of 

The letters sent to the alumnae, announc- 
ing the luncheon and the plans for the per- 
sonal gift and the Educational Fund, were I 
a contribution from pupils of Miss Ida May 
Stewart, many of whom have been patients! 
in the hospital, and desired to show their! 

The gift folder in which was placed the j 
check for $1,503 was designed and cngraved-l 
by the son of a former patient in appreciation 
of the good nursing service enjoyed by the 


(Continued from Page 1, Col. I) 

the school in honor of the retiring direc- 
tor and the widespread response that had 
been received up to that time. She also 
said that the Woman's Board had 
joined the Alumnae in this project and 
(that contributions were being received 
from members of that board, members of 
the hospital Board of Managers, Medical 
I Staff, hospital personnel, and other 
friends. As this Bulletin goes to press 
contributions from all sources amount to 
$4,000 and more Alumnae and other 
friends are being heard from daily. The 
Alumnae committee is composed of: 
Alma May Stewart, chairman, principal 
of Montifiore school; Dolly Twitchell, 
American Red Cross, Chicago; Ella Van- 
Horn, faculty of Presbyterian School of 
Nursing; Gladys Heikens and Ruth 
Schmidt, private duty nurses. 

High Regard Is Voiced 

In her talk Miss Landt quoted from a 
number of the letters that had been received 
and voiced the high regard of the Alumnae 
and other friends for Miss McMillan. Follow- 
ing are excerpts from Miss Landt's address: 

Replies to letters written by our committee 
literally have poured in during the past days. 
These responses have come from all sections 
of the country — as far east as the Atlantic 
States; as far west as California; from the 
North and from the South; from our own 
great Middle West; and from within the con- 
fines of our own institution — Presbyterian 
Hospital. Only this morning we have received 
a contribution from one of our graduates in 
West Africa. Replies have come from gradu- 
ates just returning from China and from 

The sentiment expressed in these many com- 
munications has been of a dual nature; one, 
that of serious concern over Miss McMillan's 
withdrawal from our school and hospital; the 
other, an expression of loyalty, love and devo- 
tion, intermingled with a deep sense of 
gratitude for Miss McMillan's untiring leader- 
ship, her sincerity of purpose, her fine friend- 
ship, and her kindly understanding of human 

Excerpts from Letters 

May I quote from a few of these messages: 
"My enclosure goes forth with regret and 
pleasure — regret that Miss McMillan is leav- 
ing us and pleasure over the thoughts of her 
fine friendship through the years." 

"Good luck to the Helena McMillan 
Fund Committee! Miss McMillan deserves a 
worthy memorial — and regardless of the out- 
come of this, she is assured of one by her 
far-reaching influences in the field of nursing 
and by the memories which will ever link her 
with our school and its Alumnae." 

"She has been and always shall be the 
most elevating influence in the lives of her 
nurses. I am proud to have trained under 

"She has been a great inspiration not only 
to us but to the entire profession and her 
retirement means a great loss, but her ideals 
will always be our guiding star." 

"We can never hope to repay what Miss 
McMillan has done for us all, individually 
and collectively." 


Above is a snapshot taken at the Alumnae Association luncheon in the Palmer House, 
October 11. At the speakers' table, left to right: 

Miss Mary H. Cutler (1916), superintendent of nurses, Jewish Hospital, Cincinnati; Miss 
Emma B. Aylward, house matron and dietitian at Sprague Home, who has been on the staff 
since the school was established; Miss Charlotte F. Landt (1914), assistant director of the Cook 
County School of Nursing and night superintendent of nursing; Mrs. Wilber E. Post (Louise 
Morrison, 1903); Miss McMillan; Miss Marie E. Harden, president of the Alumnae Associa- 
tion; Mrs. E. E. Irons, president of the Woman's Board, former supervisor of nursing; Miss 
Estalene Spears, president 1938 class; Miss Catherine M. Buckley (1912), dean of the School 
of Nursing, University of Cincinnati; Miss May L. Russell, dean of the Presbyterian Hospital 
School of Nursing and a member of the staff since 1903, when she was a supervisor in the 
surgical department. Some members of the 1938 class are seated at the table in the foreground. 

"It is difficult to think of Presbyterian 
without Miss McMillan. We will always have 
the memories of the three best years of our 
life with Miss McMillan. And too, wherever 
we are at work we are always influenced by 
her great character. She is the greatest pro- 
fessional woman of this day. I am very 
happy to be a Presbyterian graduate." 

From a member of our own graduate gen- 
eral duty staff came the following message: 
"With the resignation of Miss McMillan the 
Presbyterian Hospital will lose a beloved and 
esteemed leader whose progressive planning, 
tireless industry, and keen judgment have 
helped to make our hospital one of the fore- 
most of its kind. Her understanding of human 
nature and her friendliness have endeared her 
to all who were privileged to work with her." 

Will Perpetuate Ideals 

Miss McMillan's ideals and her fine leader- 
ship never must be lost to our school. Her 
work in nursing education and nursing serv- 
ice ever must remain the watchword of this 
organization; it must ever remain the founda- 
tion upon which our school shall continue to 
educate students and send graduates out into 
the world. 

During these past 35 years our school has 
ranked among the best in the country. Doors 
have been opened to its graduates — to Miss 
McMillan's graduates — that otherwise would 
have remained closed. 

Miss McMillan's ideals of nursing educa- 
tion must be perpetuated and what would be 
more fitting than an Educational Endowment 
Fund which would assist in safeguarding 
those educational standards and policies for 

which Miss McMillan has struggled through 
the years. She would wish for no more last- 
ing demonstration of our loyalty and our 
earnestness of purpose than a solemn vow 
from a united graduate body to uphold her 
ideals and promote her standards of nursing 
education and nursing practice. 

What more logical group might there be to 
undertake the responsibility of establishing 
and supporting a Fund than we, Miss Mc- 
Millan's graduates. We have been willing to 
bask in the reflected glory of Miss McMillan's 
accomplishments, enjoying the benefits derived 
therefrom, but doing little or nothing toward 
the pushing and pulling so necessary in main- 
taining the high standards of our school. 

Let us therefore contribute generously and 
at regular intervals to this Fund that now is 
being established by our Alumnae Association 
for the best interests of our school and its 
students in order that patients in our hospital 
and in our community at large may continue 
to enjoy the quality of nursing service which 
Miss McMillan's past efforts and influence 
have made possible. 

The Alumnae Association will guard this 
fund in a most dignified and business-like 
manner. This organization will judge care- 
fully and judiciously the use of this fund. 

To you, Miss McMillan, wc wish many 
years of restful happiness, superimposed by 
that inner satisfaction which comes with the 
thought of work well done. Wc warn you, 
however, that you will find it impossible to 
withdraw entirely from your lite ol service to 
humanity as this group, individually and col- 
lectively, will continue to seek your advice 
whenever weighty decisions arc to be made. 


Above is a reproduction of a picture of the first class graduated from the School of Nursing 
in 1906 and members of the faculty. Miss McMillan is in the center. At her lower left is 
Rebecca Cross, assistant principal, now living in a suburb of Montreal, Can. Just above Miss 
Cross is Kate Wemp, maternity supervisor, now Mrs. William Coltart, Chatham, Ont., Can.; 
directly above Miss McMillan is Myra Jones, night supervisor, now the wife of Dean David J. 
Davis, University of Illinois School of Medicine. At the right of Miss Jones is Gertrude 
Thompson, assistant superintendent of nurses, now Mrs. Ernest E. Irons, president of the 
Woman's Board. At right, below, is Anne Letham (deceased), who was assistant superintendent 
of nurses. 

Graduates are shown in the outer circle. Around the circle starting at the lower left: Mae 
Burtch, Honolulu, Hawaii; Elizabeth Bostater, Montpelier, Ohio; Mabel Gidding, now Mrs. L. 
C. Ayers, Glenview, 111.; May Eraser, now Mrs. George T. Love, Wenona, III.; Leah M. Fish, 
now Mrs. John Hayden, Kansas City, Mo.; Louise Morrison, now Mrs. Wilbcr E. Post, 
chairman of the library committee of the Woman's Board; J. Alice Gerrish, Seattle, Wash.; 
Julia P. Barron, (Mrs. Harvey H. Lord, deceased); Carol Martin, State Board of Nurse Ex- 
aminers, Lincoln, Neb.; Rachel G. Blanchard, now Mrs. Harold Mackenzie, Watertown, S. Dak. 



Private duty nurses of the hospital will 

The series of highly successful graduation 

hold .t bazaar in tin- west reception room, 

week events were arranged by Mrs. Marcclla 

Nov. 7, starting at 1 1 ;00 A.M. Proceeds 

Hunt Kurt; (1927) and Miss Helen Beck 

will be added to the fund which the group is 

( 1935), supervisor on sixth maternity. They 

raising to provide special nursing care for 

were assisted by the Alumnae officers and 

nurses when they are ill. 

other association members. 


Good nursing care for the sick has 
been the lifetime ideal of M. Helena 
McMillan, retiring director of the School 
of Nursing and hospital nursing service. 

No hospital patient has ever been just 
a "case" to Miss McMillan. During the 
nearly 36 years in which nursing service 
in Presbyterian Hospital has been under i 
her direction the ideal of the patient as 
an individual has been realised in care 
given to a total of more than 300,000 
patients admitted since she began her I 
work here early in 1903. 

This ideal of good nursing care for the 
patient as an individual has not been 
realised alone by means of rules and 
regulations. Nor is it entirely the result of 
good nursing technique. The excellent 
nursing care for which Presbyterian Hos- 
pital has won universal acclaim from pa- 
tients and their friends would not have 
been possible except for the spirit which 
has emanated from the heart of this good 
woman to all members of the nursing 
staff. Her rare ability to inspire loyalty 
to her own high ideals among those ap- 
pointed as her lieutenants and on down to 
the beginning student nurses has been 
the motivating force in the nursing serv- 
ice of this hospital under Miss Mc- 
Millan's long regime. Her unvarying 
fairness and kindliness, combined with 
that measure of discipline so necessary in 
an institution where human life is con- 
stantly hanging in the balance, are other 
factors which have resulted in conscien- 
tious and efficient nursing care. 

With all this, Miss McMillan has not 
overlooked the fact that good technique 
is indispensable. Members of her gradu- 
ate and student nursing staffs have been 
provided with capable supervisors in 
every department and the teaching in the 
School of Nursing has kept pace and 
often been a step ahead of the newest 
developments in nursing technique re- 
quired to meet the demands of advancing 
medical knowledge. 

M. Helena McMillan retires from 
active work not only with the best 
wishes and deepest appreciation from 
those she has prepared for the nursing 
profession, from the co-workers on her 
own staff, from her associates on the 
Medical Staff and among the personnel 
in every department of the hospital. She 
also takes with her as she leaves her hos- 
pital post the gratitude of thousands of 
patients most of who are unacquainted 
with the quiet, forceful woman who has 
seen to it that they received good nursing 
care in their hours of disability and 

Class of 1938 of the Presbyterian Hospital School of Nursing 


-r , r j » Y / • f 

■-* ■ 4'/ ) r -■■■ , ■ ..*r i I . V' " 

«^^ - -'" ' ■ w**' >,••>«• -»*»— 

First row, left to right — Madelon Reeves, Huntington, Mo.; Mary Pierce, Woodstock, 111.; Elizabeth Wagoner, Elgin, 
111.; Margaret Burke, Missoula, Mont.; Estalene Spears, Shenandoah, la.; Lois Geerds, Holland, Mich.; Valentine Watts, 
Detroit, Mich.; Grace Moore, Rushville, 111.; Charlotte Warren, Leland, 111. 

Second row, left to right — Margaret Andersen, Park Ridge, 111.; Cleon Meythaler, Groton, S. Dak.; Raunie Seline, 
Aurora, Minn.; Ruth Alderson, Brunswick, Neb.; Mary Norcross, Cristo, Oriente De Cuba; Genevieve Beier, Mcintosh, S. 
Dak.; Elizabeth Warner, Marengo, 111.; Ressa Willits, Davenport, la.; Helen Currier, Shenandoah, la.; Joyce Notier, Holland, 
Mich.; Hila Richards, Platteville, Wis.; Elizabeth Giles, Monmouth, 111.; Sylvia Van Antwerp, Harvard, 111.; Gladys Duvall, 
Leitchfield, Ky. 

Third row, left to right — Margaret King, Malta, Mont.; Ruth Bergstrom, La Grange, 111.; Clydene Cameron, Niles, 
Mich.; Irene Kleis, Holland, Mich.; Mildred Richardson, Belvidere, 111.; Anne Husiak, Chicago, 111.; Margaret Corliss, 
Chicago, 111.; Winifred Hoekstra, Cicero, 111.; Lois Marsilje, Holland, Mich.; Jane Clark, Maywood, 111.; Angie Vanden 
Berg, Grand Rapids, Mich.; Vienna Simolin, Eveleth, Minn.; Helen Stidd, St. Paul, Minn.; Jane Simon, La Porte, Ind. 

Fourth row, left to right — Amy Ingram, Mexico City, Mex.; Doris Gates, Jackson, Mich.; Ruth Butterfield, Burbank, 
Calif.; Gertrude Ernst, Plymouth, Wis.; Marion Berg, Luverne, Minn.; Cornelia Lievense, Holland, Mich.; Eunice Thomp- 
son, Pontiac, 111.; Jeanne Strom, Clarion, la.; Myrna Muckler, Toledo, la.; Adah Van Oss, Holland, Mich.; Anna Christen- 
sen, St. Edward, Neb.; Gertrude Vreeland, St. Joseph, Mich.; Elaine Goodrick, Fond du Lac, Wis.; Mary Smith, Eldorado, 
Kan.; Fern Darling, Decorah, la. 


The Alumnae Association luncheon was 
attended by 3 50 members and guests includ- 
ing many from distance. Mrs. Wilber E. Post 
was the only representative of the first grad- 
uating class present. Mrs. Cora Johnson An- 
derson was the 1907 alumna present. The 
class of 1908 had three in attendance as fol- 
lows: Mrs. Helene Edie, Lois C. Reid and 
Irene S. C. Smith, all of Chicago. Most of 
the other classes were well represented. 

Among the well-known graduates present 
who are not mentioned elsewhere in this 

Bulletin were: Mabel M. Dunlap, director of 
the Visiting Nurse Association in Moline, 
111. and treasurer of the Illinois State Nurses' 
Association; Jessie L. Stevenson, supervisor 
orthopedic division, Visiting Nurse Associa- 
tion of Chicago; Mary M. Dunlap, instructor 
in public health nursing, University of Chica- 
go; Mary Dunwiddie, superintendent, County 
Home for Crippled Children, West Chicago, 
111.; Mrs. Stanton Freidbcrg, who has long 
been closely associated with activities in the 
interest of nursing education in Chicago; 
Mrs. Phoebe Rice Pixlcy, who is home on 
leave from a mission station in Manaqua, 
Nicaragua, Central America; Caroline Binder, 

ass'stant director of nursing. Children's Me- 
morial Hospital, Chicago; Eula Butzerin, pro- 
fessor of public health nursing, University of 
Chicago; Mrs. Jcanettc Fletcher Smith, Omaha, 
Neb.; Doris Helbing, Ethel Steingraber and 
Marjorie Hance who came all the way from 


A feature of the Alumnae dinner-dance at 
the Palmer House, Oct. 12, was an "ice 
parade" in connection with serving the illu- 
minated dessert. The form of a nurse was 
fashioned in ice and bore the legend "M. 
Helena McMillan." 


(Continued from Page 1. Col. 3) 

maybe perfectly mechanized and accurate, 
but are barren if not tempered by that 
quality of understanding and sympathy 
which spiritualises service rendered to 
one in trouble. Attitudes may lag well 
behind the ability to perform; they must 
be supported by the will to act thought- 
fully when action is indicated. Character 
emerges in a well balanced personality 
only as the individual traits develop with 
a nice degree of proportion in relation to 
each other. There must be the harmonious 
working together of these self-traits so 
that at any time combinations of qualities 
may be brought into unified action to 
meet given situations. Individual ex- 
cellence then results only, as from day to 
day, m facing each problem, we become 
increasingly capable of combining into 
action the best we have at command of 
knowledge, skill, spirit, and the will to 

The speaker then urged that continuing 
growth, direction to this growth toward a 
goal, courage in the pursuit of this goal, and 
a scientific and generous spirit are four quali- 
ties to be developed in the pursuit of indi- 
vidual excellence. This growth, continuing 
and m many directions includes: new know- 
ledge, new skills, new understanding, new 
abilities, new interests, new friends, more cap- 
able self direction and health, and is the im- 
portant educative process for you which brings 
desirable changes in your life. 

What Community Expects 

The community, she said, expects a different 
kind of service from the young graduate 
nurse of today than was expected when 
Presbyterian School of Nursing graduated its 
first class 32 years ago. She continued: 

"Mr. and Mrs. Public expect you today not 
only to give efficient care to their child when 
ill, but also to tell them how to keep well and 
prevent disease, how to prepare for the new 
baby, how to deal with Johnny when he has 
tantrums, how to meet the problems of the 
adolescent daughter, where to find a rest camp 
for the weary mother of a large family who 
needs a summer holiday, and what arrange- 
ments can be made for the grandmother who 
can no longer be cared for in the already busy 
and crowded household. New demands come 
as a result of many changes in our social 
and economic life and because of the great 
advances made in the fields of scientific know- 
ledge affecting human welfare. The newer 
knowledge of nutrition and the vitamines, of 
blood chemistry and the nature and signi- 
ficance of the hormones, has drastically 
changed the approach to the treatment of 
many hitherto mysterious maladies. New 
scientific data regarding the cause and control 
of communicable and preventable diseases 
have given a new emphasis to prevention 
rather than cure and today doctors and nurses, 
wherever they serve, arc expected to assume 
the role of teacher to their patients and to 
the i ommunity, 

"Continued growth is a first enduring value 
if yon are to fit yourself for these new com- 
munity demands." 

After discussing briefly the purposeful activ- 
ity necessary in working toward an established 
goal, the qualities of courage that pursuit of 


Baccalaureate services for the 1938 class 
were held at the Third Presbyterian Church, 
Sunday evening, Oct. 9. Mr. Asa S. Bacon, 
superintendent of the hospital, presided. An 
organ recital by Miss Caroline Marshall pre- 
ceded the processional. The invocation was 
by the Rev. Russell L. Dicks, hospital chaplain. 
Vocal solos by Mr. T. O. McLean, preceded 
and followed the sermon by the Rev. Alvyn 
R. Hickman, pastor of the church. 

a worthy goal demands, and the importance 
of a generous and scientific spirit in the 
growth process toward excellence, Miss Butz,- 
erin said that talk about "self-sacrifice" and 
the "martyr spirit" of nurses has no logical 
place at graduation exercises and continued : 

"Have we not chosen nursing as a profes- 
sion because we wanted most of all to do 
this thing? And do we not find in this serv- 
ice the expression of interests and impulses 
which are to us satisfying and fulfilling? Is 
this martyrdom and torment? Or, is it on the 
other hand self-sacrifice? Ten thousand times 
no. I venture to say that even with the most 
excellent performance possible we each receive 
in personal benefits and satisfactions far 
more than ever we give. This I see not as 
martyrdom but as privileged participation in 

Praises School and Leaders 

At the close of her formal commence- 
ment address, Miss Butzerin took occa- 
sion to voice her estimate of Presby- 
terian School of Nursing, Miss McMillan 
and those who have long been associated 
with her, as follows: 

The story is told of a passerby who, upon 
observing a workman at work, stopped him 
and said, "What are you doing?" and the 
worker replied curtly, "Carrying a hod of 
bricks to the builders." 

The passerby came to another worker and 
said to him likewise, "What are you doing?" 
and with a face lighted up, the worker said, 
"I have got a good job; I earn a good living 
for the wife and family at home." 

The passerby came to still a third worker 
and asked him what he was doing, and he 
replied, with much fervor, "I am building a 
cathedral, and it is a beautiful one, too!" 

The artist-architect must be able to see the 
finished cathedral before building begins, but 
he is also the first one to say that the crafts- 
manship of each individual builder shares in 
determining the finished product. 

An "Artist Architect" 

For thirty-five years this school has been in 
the building. Miss McMillan, its founder, 
has been the artist-architect and master builder. 
Her school has been her cathedral: her care- 
fully selected students, faculty, and curriculum 
have been her bricks and mortar; and the fine 
gems of the high places have been the develop- 
ing personalities of the students, who emerge 
with a new sense and awareness of life un- 
folding and of new ideals. From the very 
beginning this school has held an enviable 
place as a pioneer in nursing education. It 
started out with many standards which even 
today arc not realized in many schools. There 
was vision and courage undaunted, and this 
persevering, quiet, modest little dynamo steadi- 
ly went forward, with one following another 
e'er we were scarce aware. 

It is unnecessary, nor do I intend to relate 
again what you have heard so frequently these 
past few months — the details and factors which 
made this school the strong school that it 
ever has been. There are, rather, points of l 
emphasis I would make: 

Selection of Students 

Students have always been selected not only 
on the basis of completed high school and 
scholastic achievement, but also with a view 
to personal worth and family training and 
background: and to the parents here may I I 
say that because of the start you gave these 
young women, you too have been participants 
in this building, and we very much need your 
continued support and interest in the forward- 
going progress of this school. 

The curriculum has been not only adequate, 
but enriched in many ways. These we shall 
not stop to number. 

Understanding Teachers 

The teachers here whom I have known have 
a spiritual worth I have not seen surpassed in 
any other single institution. Most of us, as 
young student nurses, saw our first beautiful 
nursing here. The exquisite, skillful yet 
tender nursing care Miss Russell exemplified 
will ever be a lasting monument to her name 
as it lives again in the service of her stu- 
dents. It was my privilege, also, to see how 
deep and real an understanding she had of the 
young nurses; whether the nurse was gushingly 
enthusiastic or in dire need or trouble, some- 
how Miss Russell always seemed to under- 
stand. If ever I have been an acceptable 
nurse, I count Miss Russell as one of my first 
and chief blessings. 

The student health program has always 
been a matter of real concern, and this has 
now become a comprehensive protective plan - 
for each person within the institution. 

Congenial Surroundings 

Happy and congenial living surroundings 
have been our portion here, and to Miss Ayl- 
ward we make a truly thank-you bow for her 
always generous and ready assistance to make 
every party and picnic a grand success. The 
icebox and cupboard doors were liberally 

Our school now faces a new crisis. It can 
go forward temporarily on the force of its 
own momentum, but for a brief time only. 'I 
In meeting this crisis we must all share. Our 
most genuine appreciation to Miss McMillan 
will he to carry on worthily. I do not mean 
by this to demonstrate a blind allegiance to 
our school just because it is our school. There 
must needs be intelligent understanding of 
the values in our school which are to be pre- 
served, and these must be preserved. There 
must be strong support to any cause which 
will preserve these values. There must be 
support for those associates who carry on 
during this difficult time. There must be a 
faithful interpretation of the standards of this 
school through the quality of professional 
service we give and the kind of persons we 

A charge to keep have we, not only to 
maintain the rich heritage passed on to us, 
hut with strong courage and faith to stretch! 
forward the frontiers to new gains. 

For and to our beloved teacher, Miss Mc- 
Millan we arc deeply thankful. We hope she 
will keep open the pathway to her door soj 
that we may continue to sit at her feet 
and learn. 

Sprague Home for 

Sprague Home for Nurses, 
shown at the left, was erected 
in 1913 at a cost of $350,000. 
It was made possible by gifts 
from friends of Mr. O. S. A. 
Sprague, the estate of Mr. Albert 
A. Sprague and a bequest left 
by Mrs. A. A. Sprague. 




Soon after the Presbyterian Hospital 
was opened in September, 1884, a course 
for nurses was inaugurated under the 
direction of Miss A. E. Steere, head 
nurse, but was discontinued when Miss 
Steere left to take charge of the Illinois 
Training School for Nurses, March 18, 
1885. At that time arrangements were 
made to have the nursing care in the 
hospital given under the direction of the 
Illinois Training School, and with the 
exception of a second short interval 
when the hospital had its own school, 
this plan continued until 1903, when the 
present School of Nursing was organized 
with Miss M. Helena McMillan as di- 

This school was first housed in two 
residences on Ashland Ave., additional 
quarters being provided as the enroll- 

ment increased. In 1913 Sprague Home 
for Nurses was erected. 

Growth of School 

During the first year the enrollment 
in the school was 20. The present enroll' 
ment is 172. A new class of 79 was ad- 
mitted in September. The school has a 
faculty of nine instructors not including 
members of the hospital nursing staff and 
the Medical Staff who provide clinical 
and other special instruction. The gradu- 
ate nurse staff in the hospital numbers 

Over 600 In Active Work 

Of the 1,503 graduates, more than 600 are 
known to be engaged in active work. These 
include 275 who are doing institutional work; 
200, private duty nursing; 112, public health 
nursing; 40, industrial nursing; 21, missionary 
nursing in home and foreign fields; and 21, 
miscellaneous work including hourly nursing, 
medical social service work, physiotherapy, 
X-ray, editorial, and other individual work. 
One is an airline stewardess. Two continued 
their studies in medical schools and are 
practicing physicians. 


The first committee named by the Board 
of Managers to look after School of Nursing 
affairs is lister in the 1904 annual report as fol- 
lows: Charles L. Hutchinson, chairman; Ernest 
A. Hamill, Frederick T. Haskell, Mrs. Charles 
D. Hamill, and Mrs. Joseph Matteson. 

Mr. John P. Welling is chairman of the 
present committee, other members being, Mr. 
Arthur G. Cable, Mr. Alfred E. Hamill, Mrs. 
Alva A. Knight, Mrs. Edwin M. Miller, and 
Mrs. Clyde E. Shorey. In addition ex-officio 
members include the president of the hospital 
Board of Managers, the president of the 
Woman's Board, superintendent of the hospi- 
tal, director of nursing, president of the hos- 
pital Medical Board, and a representative of 
the Alumnae Association of the School of 


One of the delightful events of graduation 
week occurred on the evening when the 
Alumnae Association had its annual open 
meeting with the graduates as guests. Mrs. 
William Cope, formerly Miss Klefbaum of our 
physical therapy department, planned a 
Swedish smorgosbord for the buffet supper. 
While more restricted variety than the usual 
smorgosbord, those present had an opportunity 
to enjoy a delicious array of appetisers and 
other Swedish dishes. 

Many of the graduates hold important ex- 
ecutive, supervisory or teaching positions in 
hospitals in different parts of the world. A 
number are directors of schools for nurses 
and several hold professorships in nursing 
education departments of large universities. 
Two are on the staff of the American Nurses' 
Association and many hold or have held im- 
portant offices in national and state nursing 

Pending appointment of a successor to Miss 
McMillan, the school will be in charge of the 
dean, Miss May Russell, and hospital nurs- 
ing service will be under the direction of Miss 
Harriet Forrest, assistant superintendent ot 

Entrance to 
Home and 
Scene in Lobby 


The Rev. Russell L. Dicks, who recent- 
ly became chaplain on the staff of Presby- 
terian Hospital, came here from Boston 
where he had done similar work for four 
and a half years in the Massachusetts 
General Hospital under the auspices of 
the Boston Federation of Churches. 
After graduating from Oklahoma Uni- 
versity, Mr. Dicks received his theological 
training at Union Theological Seminary 
in New York City. Later he was lecturer 
on practical theology at Harvard Divinity 
School and at the Andover-Newton 
Theological Seminary. 

The broad religious outlook of Mr. 
Dicks has enabled him to develop a new 
approach in being of service to persons 
of all faiths as well as those who have 
no church affiliation. His books, "The 
Art of Ministering to Sick" and "Medita- 
tions for the Sick" have had a wide sale 
among ministers and laymen of all de- 
nominations. Dr. Richard C. Cabot, 
famous social service leader, is co-author 
of the former and wrote the introduction 
for the latter. A third book by Mr. 
Dicks, "When You Call on the Sick" 
written especially for laymen, is soon to 
be published by Harper and Brothers. 

Shortly before coming to Chicago, Mr. 
Dicks was married to Miss Dorothy Smith, 
a head nurse in the pediatrics department of 
Massachusetts General Hospital, and a gradu- 
ate of that hospital's school of nursing, where 
she directed the nurses' chorus for three years. 

Commenting on the work of a hospital 
chaplain, Mr. Dicks said:- 

"The task of a chaplain in a large hospital 
embraces a variety of duties. Many patients 
have no church connection and while they 
would like to have a minister call when they 
are sick they hesitate to ask one to come to 
the hospital especially to see them or do not 
know whom to ask. The hospital chaplain 
never takes the place of the patient's own 
clergyman and one of his duties is to assist 
a patient in calling a clergyman of his choice. 
Clergymen of every faith visit freely in this 
hospital those patients who desire their 
ministrations. The hospital chaplain is avail- 
able day or night to give encouragement, 
spiritual counsel, and comfort to patients and 
their relatives. At times he is called upon to 
perform unusual service and he is never 
shocked at anything he sees or hears." 

The Rev. Dicks succeeds the Rev. E. N. 
Ware, who has retired after serving as chaplain 
here for 26 years. 


Friends here have received word of the 
marriage on August 23 of Miss Kashmira 
Singh and Mr. Vivian S. Oorbctt. The wed- 
ding took place in Port Antonio. Jamaica, 
British Columbia, to which place Miss Singh 
went following her resignation as statistician 
in the maternity department of the hospital. 
Mr. and Mrs. Corbett will reside m Port 


-:: r 



Hospital employees, the School of 
Nursing faculty, and head nurses of the 
hospital were among the groups that gave 
farewell teas in honor of Miss McMillan. 
Hospital employees presented her with a 
cleverly illustrated and autographed 
memory book. The illustrations were 
done by Fred Kitting a commercial 
artist and former hospital employee. 
The book was presented by George 
Scheidel, Sr. who has been here longer 
than any other employee. 

The School of Nursing faculty pre- 
sented Miss McMillan with a lovely 
pocket watch. Head nurses gave her a 
ring and private duty nurses chose a 
bracelet as their token. The gift of the 
household staff at Spraguc Home was an 
attractive umbrella. 

Flowers were sent by the Board of 
Managers, Medical Board, School of 
Nursing Committee, Woman's Board 
and many other groups and individuals 
who desired to express their esteem for 
Miss McMillan. 

Neville - Raymon 

Miss Julia Neville and Mr. Jack B. Raymon 
were married at Bcrwyn, 111. Aug. 14. Mrs. 
Raymon wil continue as an instructor in the 
School of Nursing. Mr. Raymon is a lecturer 
on natural science in high schools and colleges. 


Dr. Willard L. Wood and Dr. Harry 
Oberhleman were the speakers at the Septem- 
ber meeting of the McHenry County Medical 
Society in Woodstock. Their topic was 
"Medical and Surgical Aspects of Infections 
of the Intestinal Tract." 

Dr. Herman L. Kretschmer read a paper 
before the annual meeting of the Indiana 
Medical Society in Indianapolis, Oct. 6 on 
"Cystitis in Women and Children." Dr. 
Kretschmer also presented two papers by' invi- 
tation before the Wisconsin State Medical 
Society recently and was the speaker at a 
recent meeting of the St. Joseph County Med- 
ical Society at Elkhart, 111. 

Dr. Clifford G. Grulee gave the presidential 
address at the October meeting of the Evans- 
ton branch, Chicago Medical Society, on the 
topic "The Newborn Infant." 


Dr. Cassie Bell Rose of Denver, Colo., 
formerly head of the radiology department, 
visited friends here recently. 




Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 





FRED S. BOOTH Asst . Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable 

Edw. D. McDougal, J 

Alfred T. Carton 

Fred A. Poor 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. 

Theodore A. Shaw 

John B. Drake 

Rev. John Timothy 

James B. Forgan, Jr. 

Stone, D.D. 

Albert D. Farwell 

R. Douglas Stuart 

Alfred E. Hamill 

J. Hall Taylor 

Charles H. Hamill 

John P. Welling 


F. Wilson 

Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 
Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 
Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 
Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 

VERNON C. DAVID, M.D President 



BACON ... . Superintendent 

Asst. Superintendent 
School of Nursing 




Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital. 

,.- : -:',W-^, 

hie PresljyterlaDi jHIospte 

©jv tke G'dy'&y Gkicagcy 



Chicago, 111. 

November, 1938 

Vol. 30, No. 10 


Choice of Foods Is Allowed 

Within Limitations of 

Diet Requirements 

One of the most intricate problems in 
a general hospital is that of providing for 
each patient the kind of nourishment 
that the doctor wants him to have and 
at the same time set before the patient 
food that he will find attractive and 

It often is necessary that the patient's 
diet include foods which he dislikes but 
which he must eat for his own good. 
For the same reason it also is necessary 
in many instances to deny a patient cer- 
tain foods of which he is especially fond. 
On the other hand there seems to be no 
logical reason why a person who simply 
can't stand turnips should have to eat 
them for dinner on a certain day or go 
without a vegetable that day, when by 
giving him a choice in advance, he might 
have another vegetable which he really 

Choice Afforded to Ward Patients 

In Presbyterian Hospital the selective 
menu gives to the patient an opportunity 
to choose his food within limitations of 
the diet prescribed by his doctor. This 
privilege is enjoyed by ward patients as 
well as by those in private rooms. 

The floor dietitian or a diet nurse 
interviews each patient every morning 
except Sunday, submitting the selective 
menu for three meals beginning with 
dinner (noon) the following day. Menus 
for both Sunday and Monday are made 
out on Saturday. A mimeographed menu 
list for a patient on a full tray usually 
offers for dinner choices of two kinds of 
soup, two meat or meat substitute dishes, 
potatoes prepared in two or three ways, 
two vegetables, white, graham or rye 
bread, tea, coffee or milk, and at least 
two kinds of dessert. Selections are made 
by crossing off the items not desired. 
(Continued on Page 2, Co!. 3) 

Patients are given an 
opportunity to voice their 
food preferences when 
interviewed each day by 
a dietitian, or a student 
nurse who works under 
the supervision of the 
ward dietitian. 


By Russell L. Dicks, Hospital Chaplain 


Eternal and Ever Present God, 

Thou who art ever with us, 

Thou who doth wait upon us at all times, 

We give Thee than\s for many things. 

We than\ Thee for life; 

We than\ Thee 1 for that power within us which doth maintain 

And which doth wor\ for the recovery of health 

When we are ill. 

We than\ Thee for hospitals; 

For those who direct them and wor\ within them. 

And for those who give of their goods to support them; 

We than\ Thee for the devotion of these and many more. 

We than\ Thee for the courage of families 

And for the loyalty of friends when we are sic\; 

We than\ Thee for all those who come unto us 

With quietness and poise and friendliness. 

We than\ Thee for understanding within us 

And for the peace which comes from beyond us. 

For the strength of the hills and the high places o\ the land. 

For courage which hears us up in the quiet watches of the night. 

Ma\e us to \now Thy will, our Heavenly Father. 

Ma\e us to \now that Thou doth not forget us 

Neither art Thou displeased with us. 

Oh God, Father of Man\ind, 

For all those things which have been of comfort to us during the past year. 

We give Thee thanks; 

~Ma\e us ever to grow in \nowledge. in patience, and in tin understanding of 

Through fesus Christ, our Lord. Amen. 




Planning, cooking, and serving more 
than 2,000 meals daily in Presbyterian 
hospital is the joint responsibility of Miss 
Beulah Hunsicker, director of dietetics, 
and Mr. Erich Bode, chef. These two 
executives plan the menus together so 
that all items required for patients' diets 
may be available each day. 

The director of dietetics and her staff 
of seven trained dietitians are responsible 
for planning the diets of all patients in 
accordance with the doctors' orders, and 
the checking of trays before these are 
served to patients. The dietary depart- 
ment also supervises the food service in 
the hospital dining rooms for resident 
doctors, interns, private duty nurses, 
office, laboratory and other hospital em- 

Cooking in General Kitchen 

Most of the cooking is done in the general 
kitchen under the personal direction of the 
chef, and the food dispatched from there to 
the adjacent central diet kitchen and the 
floor diet kitchens, where the patients' trays 
are set up in accordance with the individual 
menus selected as explained in a separate 
article. The central diet kitchen handles the 
food service for the private pavilion and 
seventh floor maternity department. Trays arc 
sent by high speed dumb waiter directly to 
each floor, reaching the patient within three 
minutes after being set up in the central diet 

Both private room and ward patients in 
the Jones and Murdoch buildings arc served 
from floor diet kitchens, which are under 
supervision of a dietitian. 

The chef orders all food -supplies and per- 
sonally inspects all raw foods before they 
enter the kitchen. Only first quality vege- 
tables, fruits, meat, fowl, fish and dairy 
products are used. The chef also inspects all 
food before it leaves the general kitchen. 

All Baking Done Here 

All bread, cake and pastries arc made in 
the hospital bakery. Ice cream is made in our 
own ice cream machine and from the time 
the ice cream mixture is poured into the freez- 
ing machine until it is dipped out to be 
served to patients, it is not touched by human 
hands or exposed to bacteria from any source. 

Our chef, Mr. Erich Bode, has had broad 
training and experience in this country and in 
Europe, and has been awarded many cups, 
medals and other honors for culinary exhibits 
at important expositions. He has been on our 
hospital staff seven years. Miss Beulah Hun- 
zicker director of dietetics, obtained her B. S. 
and M. S. degrees in dietetics at the Univer- 
sity of Wisconsin and served an internship in 
dietetics in the University of Michigan Hospi- 
tal. She has been in charge ol our dietary 
department since January 19 36. 

Recently meals cooked and served in the 
hospital have totalled more than 2, Mil) on 
some days. This does not include food pro- 
vided for 2 50 staff and student nurses whose 
meals an- served at Spraguc Home under the 
direction ol Miss Emma B. Alyward, who has 
been matron and dietitian for the School of 
Nursing since it was established in April 1903. 


All patients whose diet permits will 
be served a turkey dinner including 
all the trimmings on Thanksgiving 
day, as will also all hospital employees 
on duty that day. 

Chef Erich Bode anticipates that 
quantities needed to serve Thanksgiv- 
ing d nner to patients and employ ees 
will include: 

600 lbs. of turkey 
50 lbs. of cranberries 
40 gal. of soup 
40 gal. cf ice cream 
and other items in proportion. 

Miss Emma B. Aylward, matron 
and dietitian at Sprague Home for 
Nurses, plans to serve turkey and all 
that goes with it to at least 200 staff 
and student nurses on Thanksgiving 
day. Nurses on night duty will have 
the same kind of dinner at night as 
the larger group has at noon. 

Hours of both the nursing staff and 
other hospital personnel will be ar- 
ranged so as to allow everyone some 
free time during the day, while some 
nurses and many other employees will 
have the entire day off. 


New equipment recently installed in the 
main kitchen of our hospital makes it possible 
to cleanse and sterilize all pots, pans and 
utensils quickly and efficiently. This equip- 
ment consists of two vessels for cleansing and 
a sterilizer, each 4 x 2'/2 x 2 feet. They are 
made of stainless steel. After being soaked 
and washed in soapy water in one of the 
vessels, the pots, pans and other utensils arc 
again washed in clean soapy water in the sec- 
ond vessel. Then they are placed in the 
sterilizer which contains clean water to which 
washing soda has been added. Here they are 
kept at the boiling point for five minutes. 
This process removes all stains and thorough- 
ly sterilizes each article. 

Cleanliness reigns supreme in all of the 
hospital kitchens — general kitchen, bakery, 
central diet kitchen, and floor diet kitchens. 
Every employee, who performs any task con- 
nected with the cooking or serving of focd, 
undergoes a complete physical examination in 
advance of employment and at regular inter- 
vals thereafter. All arc required to observe 
rigid rules of personal cleanliness. A careful 
walch is kept so that no one reports for duty 
unless in excellent health. All dishes and 
silver are washed with electrical equipment, 
and in accordance with the sanitary rules of 
the Chicago Board of Health. 


By the time this Bulletin is oil' the press, 
several Thanksgiving teas will have been held 
under the auspices of the Woman's Board in 
the interest of the annual Thanksgiving offer- 
ing for the hospital. Offerings also arc being 
collected at regular meetings of church groups 
and through individual solicitation. 

The tea sponsored by the Woman's Board 
group of the United Church of Hyde Park 
will In- given at the home of Mrs. James W. 
McCulloh, 4847 Kimhark Avenue, on Tues- 
day afternoon, Nov. 29 at 2:30. Mrs. Rosctta 
M. Lukcy will speak on "The Soul of Jade". 
Mrs. George Gibson, wife of the new pastor, 
will be the guest of honor. 


Mrs. Robert Stuart of the Woman's Board 
of the hospital gave a tea on Nov. 1 in honor 
of Miss M. Helena McMillan who recently 
retired as director of the School of Nursing. 

The officers, chairmen of committees, and 
the School of Nursing committee were invited. 
These friends who had worked more closely 
with Miss McMillan were glad of this oppor- 
tunity to have a chat with her, and were 
happy to meet Mrs. Stuart again. 

Mrs. Stuart's beautiful home at 4850 Wood- 
lawn Ave. was gay with flowers and every- 
one voted it a delightful occasion. 

Formerly, Mrs. Stuart worked quite actively 
on the Woman's Board. In recent years, how- 
ever, her place has been taken by her 
daughter, Mrs. George McDonald, and her 
daughter-in-law, Mrs. R. Douglas Stuart. 


(Ccmtmned from Page 1, Col. 1) 
Minor substitutions are allowed when 
deemed necessary. Patients on soft trays 
are allowed certain choices of foods be- 
longing to that diet. Student nurses interview 
ward patients under the supervision of the 
ward dietitian who is responsible for menus 
of all ward patients. Special diet patients in 
wards are interviewed frequently by graduate 
dietitians who endeavor to include in these 
more restricted diets, those foods which each 
patient likes and which at the same time 
conform to diet requirements as prescribed 
by the attending physician. 

Speeds Recovery of Patients 

It has been found that this observance, in 
so far as possible, of the food preferences of 
patients is an important factor in their re- 
covery and results in less waste due to food 
coming back on trays. The old saying that 
"You can lead a horse to water but you can't 
make him drink," applies in considerable 
measure to human beings, except that the 
intelligence of the latter is expected to cause 
them to eat what must be eaten for their own 
good, regardless of likes and dislikes. How- 
ever, few of us eat properly in every respect 
when we are well and those who are ill often 
find it very difficult to eat the food which 
means so much in bringing about recovery. 
Through its selective menu and diet confer- 
ences with patients, the dietary department of 
Presbyterian Hospital endeavors to make the 
prescribed diet as attractive as possible to 
each patient. 

Whent a patient is admitted to the hospi- 
tal, the attending doctor furnishes to the 
dietitian a written order for the kind of diet 
to be served and every variation from this 
made during the patient's stay in the hospital 
is done only as directed by the doctor. There 
are certain standard diets which are desig- 
nated as — general diet, soft diet, and liquid 

Among the specific variations of the gen- 
eral diet are — full meat free, full fat free, 
high calorie, low calorie, ulcer and bowel 
management, and those for patients suffering 
from hypertension (high blood pressure) 
cardiac (heart) conditions, and anemia. 
There are special post-operative diets for 
surgical patients. In a class by themselves are 
the quantitative (weighed) diets which are 
listed as — diabetic, ketogenic, obesity, and 
acid ash diets. Every item on these quantita- 
tive diets is weighed on scales graduated in 
grams so that the specific amount prescribed 
is served, while all food that comes back un- 
eaten is weighed to determine the exact 
amount of nourishment actually taken by the 


The dietary department of Presbyterian Hospital is in charge of a director of dietetics, who has a staff of seven graduate dietitians, 
et kitchen supervisor, and a large group of helpers including tray maids, dish-washers and others who perform various duties in the 
•al diet kitchen or on the floors. Several of these helpers are college students who work only part time. Student nurses also assist the 
dans as part of their nursing education course. 

Front row, left to right — Frances Anderson, Margaret McLaughlin, Louise Hershberger, diet kitchen supervisor; Josephine Schild- 
, assistant dietitian; Beulah Hunzicker, director of dietetics; Marie Wojta, assistant dietitian; Ruth Knight, Elsie Kromolis, and Pauline 

Second row, left to right — Kermit Fish, Frank Haugh, Margaret Schlagel, Agnes Livovich, Margaret Tackett, Bessie Pertak, 
h Lane, Charles Mardis, Bertha Graves, Ronald Timma, Margaret Burns, Mary Legarth, Margaret O'Connell, Emme Seeck, Ruby 
tta Tate, Jean Antos, William Holland, and Irenus Jasinski. 

Third row, left to right — Lester Simpkins, Mildred Shramek, Lucy Simpkins, Dorothy dinger, Mabel Hibbing, Irene Magrady, 
le Bandor, Marie Mendrola, Helen Stanek, Stanley Sammons, James Odom, Anna Serak, Jessie Bandor, Antoinette Pajer, Emma Irwin, 
ie Fuller, Lena Zerr, Helen Shramek, Caroline dinger, and Leslie Odom. 

Five graduate dietitians, not present when the picture was taken, are: Dorothea Runge, Helen Diedrick, Charlotte Ludwig, Mary 
e, and Alice Rayston. 

Helpers who were absent when picture was taken are: Caroline Williams, Winifred McLaughlin, Elizabeth Mumm, Fern Seber, and 
■n Ehlman. 

Employees added since the picture was taken are: Margaret Hansen, Robert Rippeto, Mary Talley, Walter Casby, John Koenig, 
Alexander Duffy. 



IT 'Wf 


Pi i-^J*' 



J -f, 

\ -#V • vg 


Our general kitchen staff numbers 27 including the chef, six cooks, three bakers, and 16 helpers who perform various tasks, 
se in the picture are: 

Front row, left to right — John Koloff, John Koch, John Fox, Erich Bode, chef; Charles Schweikert, August Moser, Gerhard Pilz. 

Second row, left to right — Erwin Bussas, Sam Hauka, William Chrislaph, Edward Stratton, Frank Omishl, Julius Scheuder, Peter 
ack, Max Stearker, John Kulatzki, Donald Page. 

Third row, left to right — Mary Virney, Dina Markoff, Bessie Tokaskie, Barbara Martan, Frances Jaros, Albina Pctkcmeir, Vera 
>ff, Julia Repischack. One employee, Esther Ryan, was not present when the picture was taken. 

3« Msmatwm 

Mrs. L. Hamilton McCormick 

An appreciation service honoring the 
memory of Mrs. L. Hamilton McCormick 
was held at the October meeting of the 
Woman's Board of Presbyterian Hospi- 
tal. Mrs. McCormick, who passed from 
this life on June 26, 1938, at the home 
of her son in Santa Barbara, Calif., was 
for many years an active and effective 
member of the Woman's Board. She had 
served on many committees, was a vice- 
president for ten years and since 1928 
had been a member of advisory council. 

Commenting on the life and work of 
Mrs. McCormick, Mrs. Harrison Ray 
Anderson, wife of the pastor of Fourth 
Presbyterian Church, of which Mrs. Mc- 
Cormick was a member for over 50 years, 

In England, today, they are searching for 
lovely old roses that once grew on British 
soil. From old photographs and paintings 
they have identified these roses as being native 
to England, but they no longer grow there. 
As the search continues, it is feared that the 
early colonists brought these rose bushes or 
slips, as they are called, to America. England 
not only lost to America some of her beauti- 
ful roses, but also in the early days she lost 
a personality in the form of Miss Constance 

Constance Plummer McCormick came over, 
as many of you know, a young woman to be 
married here. Some of you have known her 
a great many years. In talking to you about 
her I have noted a common expression among 
you. "She was so friendly," many of you 
said. Yes, she was friendly, in her home, in 
her work at the church, in her work here at 
the hospital, in her clubs and at the concerts. 

But Mrs. McCormick didn't just happen 
to be friendly. Friendliness isn't a matter of 
temperament alone. Mrs. McCormick was 
more than a friendly soul — she was a wise 
woman. In her early years at some time she 
definitely chose a pattern for her life. She 
made a decision and followed it. Her noble- 
ness as a friend was the result. 

The pattern she chose was to live as a 
Christian gentlewoman. This is what you and 
I saw and admired in Mrs. McCormick. Her 
life was a testimony to Christianity. Her go- 
ing on to her Heavenly Home is a fulfillment 
of her earthly pilgrimage. 

Mrs. Anderson also read the follow- 
ing tribute to Mrs. McCormick written 
by Miss Winifred Brainerd, director of 
the hospital Occupational Therapy de- 
partment : 

From the inception of the Occupational 
Therapy department in 1917 Mrs. McCormick 
was chairman of that committee. Others took 
over her work while she was absent from the 
city, but she always resumed her place as 
chairman on her return. She was a great 
believer in the benefits to be derived from 
work, not only for the tangible results to be 
accomplished but for the greater benefit to 
the worker himself. Her own hands were 
never idle: a bit of tapestry, the fashioning of 
a garment from wool for a needy child, or 
practical sewing for the hospital engaged her 
Mil nl lingers while her keen mind and de- 
lightful humor entertained her fortunate guest. 


Dr. John M. Dorsey and Dr. E. H. Fell 
were speakers at the Congress of Railway 
Surgeons in Chicago, Sept. 19-21. Dr. Dean 
D. Lewis of Johns Hopkins University, Balti- 
more, former member of our Medical Staff, 
also was a speaker at the same meeting. 

Dr. A. H. Parmelee read a paper before 
the Jo Daviess and Carroll County Medical 
Societies at Elizabeth, 111., Sept. 21, on "Dis- 
eases of the Newborn." Dr. Bert I. Beverly 
addressed the same group, Oct. 12, on "Be- 
havior Problems." 

Dr. Clifford Grulee addressed the September 
meeting of the Knox and Warren County 
Medical Societies at Galesburg on "Care of 
the Premature Infant." 

Dr. William D. McNally delivered an ad- 
dress before the Michigan State Medical 
Society in Detroit, Sept. 21, on "The Seque- 
lae of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning." 

* * * 

Dr. N. J. Heckel was one of the speakers 
at the meeting of the North Central Branch, 
American Urological Association, in Peoria, 
Sept. 30. His topic was "A Report of a 
Papillary Cystadenoma of the Kidney." 

* * * 

Dr. Loren W. Avery discussed "Traumatic 
Neurosis" at the second annual occupational 
disease symposium at Northwestern Univer- 
sity Medical School, Sept. 26. 

Mrs. McCormick's belief in the value of 
work found expression in her staunch sup- 
port of the Occupational Therapy department. 
This interest seemed always to be in her sub- 
conscious mind for she never went anywhere 
without an awareness of everything that would 
be of use in her department. She devoted 
considerable time to a study of the close con- 
nection between Occupational Therapy and 
Physical Therapy, and her interest and en- 
couragement did much to place the Physical 
Therapy department in its present quarters. 
Her dream was a department in which both 
active and passive treatment would be given 
in cooperation for the greater benefit of the 

No unkind word ever fell from Mrs. Mc- 
Cormick's lips. Friendliness for everyone, the 
great and the lowly alike, was her outstand- 
ing characteristic. No patient or nurse or 
occupational therapist ever forgot her, for her 
genuine sympathy and interest made itself 
manifest even in a casual meeting. She was 
fond of a poem called "The Christmas Tree," 
perhaps, because it says the thing she did: 

For each of us there stands 

A Christmas tree, covered with all 
The worth-while things in life 

That we have won: each hall 
Of varicolored glass is for 

A friend that we have gained; 
With shining words that stretch 

From end to end, we hold 
Them chained. Yet here and there 

We watch through sudden tears 
The empty space where shone 

Some well-loved comrade that 
The years cannot replace. 

Oil, strive ever for new glories 
For your tree from near and far; 

Give of your life that many a 
Tree may be crowned with your star. 

Truly, Mrs. McCormick's star shone on 
many trees. 


Services in the hospital chapel were resumed 
Sunday, Nov. 13, and will be held each Sun- 
day at 11:15 A.M. Patients able to attend 
are invited as are also visitors, nurses, medi- 
cal staff members and other hospital person- 
nel. Services are conducted by the Rev. Russell 
L. Dicks, hospital chaplain. 

Mr. Dicks gave a talk to staff and student 
nurses at a well attended vesper service held 
in the auditorium of Sprague Home on 
November 9. He also will be the speaker 
at Thanksgiving services in Sprague Home 
on Wednesday, Nov. 23, at 7:30 P.M. 

Dr. Herman L. Kretschmer of our Surgical 
Staff read a paper at the meeting of American 
College of Surgeons in New York City in 
October. His topic was "Problems of Dif- 
ferential Diagnosis Between Urologic Lesions 
and Abdominal Lesions." 




Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 



SOLOMON A. SM ITH Treasurer 


FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable 
Alfred T. Carton 
Albert B. Dick, Jr 
John B. Drake 
James B. Forgan, 
Albert D. Farwell 
Alfred E. Hamill 
Charles H. Hamil 

Edw. D. McDougal, Jr 
Fred A. Poor 
Theodore A. Shaw 
Rev. John Timothy 

Stone, D.D. 
R. Douglas Stuart 
J. Hall Taylor 
John P. Welling 

Edward F. Wilson 

Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 
Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 
Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 
Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


VERNON C. DAVID, M.D. President 



ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 


M. HELENA McMILLAN Director Emeritus 

MAY L. RUSSELL Dean and Acting Director 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital. 

Iftie PirestbytetriaDii ftfospfila 

tke T2ity <yy ©kicagcy 



Chicago, 111. 

December, 1938 

Vol. 30, No. 11 

\mcQ&m&v&mcQ&* GUjrtBimaa (gratings ^^a^^^ar^^^^ 

l 1 *^^ 


The above pictures taken last year afford a few glimpses of the happy ways in which Christmas is observed in Presby- 
terian Hospital. Upper left — An after-Christmas scene in one of the children's wards. Upper right — Christmas tree at 
Sprague Home and some early arrivals for the Children's party given by the nurses. Lower left — A busy scene at "Informa- 
tion" in the main entrance lobby. Lower right — A lighted Christmas candle on each head nurse's desk spreads cheer. 
(See story on page 2). 


Happy Nrw feat* 

i$teoi^%32al^ l ^toaP*' 




Many Activities Are Planned 

Christmas in the hospital will be a new 
experience for most of those patients who 
must remain with us during this season. 
As usual everything possible will be done 
to spread cheer and goodwill among our 
patients, and among our nurses and other 
personnel who must remain on duty. 

Student nurses will go through the cor- 
ridors early Christmas morning singing 
the old and loved Christmas carols. The 
chef and dietitian will provide appropri- 
ate favors for the Christmas eve supper 
trays and the Christmas dinner trays. A 
turkey dinner will be served to all pa- 
tients whose diet permits and to all em- 
ployees on duty Christmas day. The 
dietitian will make a special effort to plan 
attractive menus for patients on restricted 

In Children's Wards 

Gaily decorated Christmas trees will brighten 
the children's wards, to which Santa Claus 
will find his way on "the Night Before Christ- 
mas." Through the assistance of the Woman's 
Board and other generous friends child and 
adolescent patients will be the objects of spe- 
cial consideration as will also other present 
and former patients known to the Social 
Service department. 

Baskets for the Needy 

Christmas baskets provided by the Chicago 
Rotary Club, hospital employees and other 
friends will be distributed to needy families 
known to our Social Service department. At 
the December meeting of the Woman's Board, 
Mrs. Mark Oliver, chairman of the Social 
Service committee asked for donors of baskets 
and donations of suitable gifts for children, 
adolescents, and aged persons. 

A Candle on Every Desk 
The Occupational Therapy department will 
provide a candle in an attractive holder for 
every desk in the hospital, including those of 
head nurses on each floor, department heads 
and office employees. Our carpenter shop 
makes the candle holders. A sprig of ever- 
green and a block-printed Christmas greeting 
will adorn each holder as shown in the pic- 
ture on page one, made from a snapshot taken 
last Christmas of Miss Mary Watson, super- 
visor on 7th maternity. 

Patients Make Gifts 

Occupational Therapy also has brightened 

the Christmas season for many patients dur- 
ing recent weeks by assisting them in making 
attractive Christmas gifts. Several cut their 
own linoleum block designs for Christmas 
cards. Others made belts, bill folds, purses 
and other articles of leather and many made 
cloth elephants, Scotties and other animals as 
Christmas gifts. 

At Nurses' Home 
Children oi employees and oilier invited 
youngsters will be entertained at the annual 
party given by the nurses at Sprague Home 
on I >ei 23. Mrs. Ernesl A II. .mill has sent 
hei usual gift of $225 to provide the Christ- 
mas dinner at Sprague Home for staff and 
student nurses. 


Excerpts from an Address by Dr. Herrick 

Dr. James B. Herrick, a practicing 
physician for more than 50 years and a 
member of the Presbyterian Hospital 
Medical Staff since 1891, was the speaker 
at the Sunday morning service m the 
chapel of the University of Chicago, Sun- 
day, Nov. 13. Some excerpts from his 
inspiring address on the subject of "Tol- 
erance" are especially appropriate at this 
season when we are reminded of the 
angels' song of peace and goodwill on 
that Christmas night of long ago. 

After pointing out that the doctor has 
an unusual opportunity of seeing life 
both good and bad, because "he sees 
people just as they are," Dr. Herrick said 
that "a true doctor has a dual personali- 
ty. Toward diseases he must be impartial- 
ly, even coldly, scientific. What is the 
nature of the illness? What can be done 
to ameliorate or cure it? Can it be pre- 
vented in the future? Toward the pa- 
tient, however, the doctor must be 
sympathetic, in the derivational sense of 
the word — suffering with the afflicted 
one, whom he views not alone as a 'case' 
but as a thinking, feeling, timorous human 

"Tolerance" said Dr. Harnck, "is for- 
bearance; it is the exercise of patience 
and charity toward one whose opinions 
or acts we do not approve. While we 
may condemn the deed, we do not neces- 
sarily condemn the doer. Though we 
believe our opinion and behavior are 
right, we do not, except by persuasion, 
education, or example try to induce him 
to give up his own view or to adopt our 
practice; unless, it must be added, he is 
periling society, for there is a limit even 
to tolerance. Intolerance, on the other 
hand, is offended by, and unwilling to put 
up with, opinions that differ from our 

"But many of the differences that 
estrange people are not serious; they are 
largely due to the accident of when and 
where one was born; they are matters of 
race, country, custom, environment. 

"Surely there are more common char- 
acteristics that should unite people than 
differences that should separate them. 
No one nation, no one race, no economic, 
intellectual or social group has a monop- 
oly of the higher attributes such as 
honesty, kindness, idealism. 

"So the doctor, as he grows older, learns to 
look upon people as, after all, very much alike. 
The question is not whether one in trouble is 
of this race or religion or that; whether he is 
cultured or ignorant. The question is whether 
the is ill or thinks he is. If so, 
the doctor tries to help him. Should not 
others, even those in high authority, have 
some such view of people as has the physi- 
cian? A more liberal recognition of the 
brotherhood oi man would help solve some of 
the troublesome problems of the day." 


From July 1 to Jan. 1, inclusive, 13 
interns and 10 residents in specialties 
will have completed their training inj 
Presbyterian Hospital as follows: 


July 1— Chester Waters, Jr.; F. J. Phillips,, 
T. Wilson McVety, Robert T. Bandi, and : 
Wesley Anderson. 

Sept. 1— Rollin F. Bunch and Thomas W. 

Oct. 1— Robert Orr 

Nov. 1— Charles A. Barnes and Arch S. 

Jan. 1 — Joe R. Brown, Henry E. Wilson, 
Jr., and Michael J. Dardas 


July 1 — Sidney Hughes, oto-laryngology; i 
Paul Hurwitz,, ophthalmology; Andrew Weiss, 
pediatrics; Hugo Baum, obstetrics and gyne- 
cology; Thomas Broderick and Michael O'' 
Heeron, urology 

Jan. 1 — John Olwin, surgery; Ralph W. \ 
Rucker, oto-laryngology; N. J. Lilleberg, ob' i 
stetrics and gynecology; Henry H. Lalley, 

Those appointed to fill the vacancies are as I 
follows : 


July 1- — Carl B. Davis, Jr.; Josephine 
Chapin, Paul Hausmann, Charles E. Muhle- 
man, Walter Schamber, Albert Reaven. 

Sept. 1 — Gustav G. Kaufman and Russell 

Oct. 1 — Richard K. Hausmann 

Nov. 1 — George Pelkey 

Jan. 1— Albert W. Hilker, Donald C. 
Sharpe, George T. R. Fahlund, and Frank 
W. Van Kirk, Jr. 


July 1 — Wesley Anderson, pediatrics; David 
E. Brown, oto-laryngology; Alfred G. Schultz, 
ophthalmology; Ray F. Cochrane and George 

B. Haydon, obstetrics and gynecology; R. F. 
Hedin and Wm. Warrick, urology 

Jan. 1 — Russell Hanselman and Francis M. 
Lyle, surgery; Thomas W. Rcul, pathology 
and X-ray; Vernon C. Volts, ophthalmology; 

C. O. Paradis, oto-laryngology. Dr. Hansel- 
man is being transferred from pathology to 


Dr. N. J. Heckel read a paper before the 
Woodbury County Medical Society at Sioux 
City, la., Nov. 11, on "Pyuria: Its Causes and 

* * * 

Dr. A. E. Kanter addressed the North Shore 
branch ol the Chicago Medical Society, Nov. 
1 on "Diagnosis and Treatment of Lesions 
of the Cervix." 

An illustrated lecture on "The Diagnosis 
and Treatment of Common Skin Diseases" was 
given by Dr. Clark W. Finncrud at a meet' 
ing of the Englewood branch of the Chicago 
Medical Society, Nov. 1. 

Dr. W. O. Thompson and Dr. N. J. 
Heckel presented a paper before the annual 
meeting of the Central Society for Clinical Re- 
search in Chicago, Nov. ?. Their subject was 
"Variations in Genital and Somatic Develop' 
ment with Bilaterial Cryptorchidism." 



Courtesy is One of Many 

Qualities Required 

In Their Work 

Services performed for patients by our 
hospital hell boys are numerous and 
varied, and are in the main quite different 
from those one expects from a bell boy 
in a hotel. The hospital bell boy not only 
takes charge of luggage and escorts to 
their rooms patients who are able to walk 
but is frequently called upon to transport 
a patient in a wheel chair from the room 
clerk's office or the ambulance entrance. 

Assist Incoming Patients 

Patients who are too ill to walk usually 
arrive at the ambulance entrance in a 
private car, taxicab or ambulance. When 
necessary, as in the case of accident 
victims or those who are seriously ill, a 
stretcher or cart and the services of 
orderlies are available promptly. In many 
instances, however, the patient is not too 
ill to be assisted into a wheel chair (sev- 
eral of which are kept near the entrance 
at all times) by a bell boy. If a reserva- 
tion has been made in advance, the pa- 
tient is taken directly to the proper floor. 
In other instances he is taken to the desk 
in the examining room adjacent to the 
ambulance entrance. The nurse in charge 
then arranges for examination and ad' 
mission, after which the bell boy takes 
the patient to his room or ward. 

Most of the patients admitted between 
7:30 A.M. and 9:30 P.M. are escorted 
to their rooms or wards by bell boys. 
During the night, the inside policeman 
answers the ambulance entrance bell and 
also assists any patients who come in via 
the main entrance. 

Many Other Duties 

Among the other routine duties performed 
by bell boys are the delivering of mail and 
packages for patients to the different floors, 
collection of outgoing mail from the floors, 
sending of telegrams, and many special errands 
for patients, such as making purchases at 
stores in the neighborhood. 

Bell boys also do many errands for the hos- 
pital both within the institution and outside. 
When they have a little spare time not occu- 
pied with these errands and services to pa- 
tients, it's quite likely to be used up folding 
Bulletins or other printed matter, running the 
mimeograph, or doing some other routine 
clerical work. Hours of the four bell boys 
are arranged so that two or three are on duty 
during the greater part of the day. 

Courtesy, reliability and industry are among 
the qualities required of a hospital bell boy, 
as well as an appreciation of the fact that his 
job consists mainly of service to those who arc 
ill or disabled. It is interesting to note in this 
connection that some of the men who now 
hold positions of responsibility in our hospital 
began as bell boys, and that a number of 
well-known business and professional men 
were once bell boys here. 

In the picture at the left, Clifford Friedle 
is shown bringing a young patient into the 
examining room from the ambulance en- 
trance. Above, Raymond Ray (left) captain 
of the bell boys is shown giving instructions 
to Albert Bending (center) and Thomas Tran- 
chita (right) about the delivery of the array of 
packages on the receiving desk. During the 
Christmas season this desk is often piled high 
with Christmas packages to be delivered to 


Theodore Primis (right) and Walter 
Schacht are the two busy persons shown 
in the information desk scene in the pic- 
ture layout on Page 1. "Teddy" as he 
is familiarly known has been employed at 
"Information" for almost 15 years and 
Walter has been with us for 12 years. 
They work alternate shifts so as to take 
care of the desk from 7:30 A.M. to 
9:30 P.M. 

Information in the main lobby is not only 
a reception desk serving most of the patients 
and visitors entering the hospital but also 
keeps track of the comings and goings of 
attending physicians and surgeons and keeps 
an up-to-the-minute card index record of name 
and room number or ward location of every 
patient in the hospital. Numerous telephone 
inquiries are taken care of at this desk. 

All mail for both hospital personnel and 
patients is delivered here and after being 
sorted is dispatched by bell boys to the dif- 
ferent floors and departments. Passes are 
issued to visitors calling on ward patients and 
a check kept of the number of passes issued 
for each patient as not more than two visitors 
are permitted to visit a ward patient at one 
time. Recently visitors on week day after- 
noons have numbered from 250 to 300, on 
Sundays from 400 to 600, and during evening 
visiting hours around 200. 

Miss Olivett M. Walker is in charge of 
"East Information" which serves pavilion 
visitors. She also takes care of a large amount 
of statistical work. Miss Walker will complete 
her 19th year in this position next May. 

TAG DAY NETS #1,391 

Through the efforts of 314 volunteer tag- 
gers from 3? churches, who worked a total 
of 796 hours on Children's Benefit Tag Day, 
the sum of $1,391.76 was raised to help sup- 
port our free work for child patients. Total 
receipts were $1,446.86 from which was paid 
expenses of $5 5. Taggers from Drexel Park 
Church turned in the largest single box which 
contained 584 coins. Lake Forest taggers col- 
lected the largest amount — $310. 


Private duty nurses raised $750 at a bazaar 
held in the west reception room of the hospi- 
tal on Nov. 7. Liberal donations were received 
from many individuals and the following busi- 
ness firms: Mandel Brothers, Fair Store, Scars, 
Roebuck and Company, Peacock Jewelry Store, 
and Carson. Pirie, Scott and Company. The 
money will be added to the fund which is 
used to provide special nursing care for pri- 
vate duty nurses when they are ill. 


The editor knows that Jamaica is in British 
West Indies but unaccounatably located it in 
British Columbia in the October issue report- 
ing the marriage of Miss Kashmira Singh to 
Mr. Vernon S. Corbctt at Port Antonio, 
lamaica. Apologies to our readers and to Mi-. 

At the Midwest Clinical Society meeting in 
Omaha, Oct. 24 to 28, Dr. Heyworth N. San- 
ford presented a paper on "Hemorrhagic Dis- 
eases of Infancy and Childhood:" a paper "ii 
"Cerebral Hemorrhage of the Newborn:" and 
conducted a clime on "Anemias ,,nd Metabolic 
Disorders of Infancy and Childhood." 


By Russell L. Dicks, Chaplain 

What would you say if you were told 
that 2,000 years from now there would 
be shrines of worship, cathedrals, schools, 
and hospitals built and dedicated in your 
name? What would you say if you were 
told that millions of people who spoke 
languages you could not understand and 
had control over machines the like of 
which you had never dreamed would bow 
daily in memory of you and that the date 
of your birth would be the occasion of a 
great festival annually when there would 
be good cheer upon the land as at no 
other time? I suspect that you would be 
somewhat surprised. 

And yet that is essentially what hap- 
pened in the case of one called Jesus, 
whose beginning upon this earth probably 
was more humble than that of anyone 
who will read these lines. He was born 
of people so poor and with so little 
influence that they could not even secure 
a room in a house at the time of Hi; 
birth, but had to make down a bed m a 
stable. How many upon casually hearing 
that story would suspect that that little 
boy would move across the pages of his- 
tory more significantly than any other 
single child that has ever been born, 
would raise up brother against brother 
and would bring peace and good will to 
the lonely, embittered, and discouraged. 

At the time of that little boy's birth m 
a tiny village in a remote part of the 
world at a not very important time in 
history, there were no public schools of 
learning, no printing presses, no radios, 
and no hospitals for the care of the sick. 
That little boy as a man never traveled 
over eighty miles away from his home, 
probably never went to school, never saw 
a large city, and was known intimately 
by perhaps fifteen or twenty people and 
one of them so misunderstood Him that 
His death was brought about prematurely. 
And yet, 2000 years later, at this season 
of the year, people all over the world are 
turning their minds to Him, saying as did 
a soldier who watched Him die, "Surely 
this man was a. Son of God." 

And we too, as we pass our minds over 
the strangness of His life bow in silent 
meditation in memory of His birth. 


A. Chri tmas comes on Sunday this year, 
the usual service in the hospital chapel at 
11:15 A.M. will be devoted to the Christmas 
theme. Rev. Russell L. Dicks, hospital chaplain 
will conduct the service. All patients who are 
able to attend are invited as are also visitors 
and hospital personnel. Student nurses not 
on duty on the floors serve as volunteers who 
.i i i patients to the chapel for Sunday scrv- 


By James Russell Lowell 

All round about our feet shall shine 
A light li\e that the wise men saw; 

If we our willing hearts incline 

To that sweet life which is the law. 

So shall we learn to understand 

The simple faith of shepherds then, 

And clasping \indly hand in hand, 

Sing, "Peace on earth, good will to men." 

And they who do their souls no wrong, 
But \eep at eve the faith of morn. 

Shall daily hear the angel-song, 

"Today the Prince of Peace is born." 


Miss Selma Lindem, hospital librarian, 
has been granted a six months leave of 
absence, to take charge of the organisa- 
tion of a new central library plan for hos- 
pitals of New York City under sponsor- 
ship of the Junior League of that city. 
During the nine and half years, since 
she became librarian in our hospital, Miss 
Lindem's outstanding record of service to 
hospital patients has attracted much 
favorable comment from leaders in both 
the hospital and public library fields. A 
more detailed account of her work here 
and the library which has grown from 
500 to 7,000 volumes largely through her 
efforts will appear m the next issue of 
our Bulletin. 

Miss Lindem will leave Chicago the 
latter part of this month and begin her 
work in New York, Jan. 1. During her 
absence, Mrs. Virginia Bonnici, a trained 
librarian who has had experience in Po t 
land, Ore. and Chicago public libraries 
will be in charge of our hospital library 

His 39th Christmas Here 

Mr. Asa S. Bacon, superintendent, w 11 
spent his 39th Christmas in the hospital. 
Since Mr. Bacon first came here in 1900, he 
has followed the custom ol spending Christ- 
mas in the hospital and giving his personal 
attention to the carrying out of plans for 
making the day a happy one for patients and 


The 56th annual meeting of the Presby- 
terian Hospital Society will be held on 
Jan. 18, 1939 in the hospital chapel. 
Luncheon will be served at 12:15 and 
the business meeting will follow immedi- 

The 55 th annual meeting of the Presby- 
terian Hospital Woman's Board will be 
held on Monday, Jan. 9, 1939. The meet' 
ing will be held on the second Monday 
this year because the first Monday is the 
day after New Year's day. Mrs. Edward 
H. Smith, 190 East Chestnut Street, has 
been appointed to compile the unified re' 
port of committees, and chairmen are 
urged to send her their reports as soon 
as possible. 




Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 





FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable Edw. D. McDougal, Jr. 

Alfred T. Carton Fred A. Poor 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Theodore A. Shaw 

John B. Drake Rev. John Timothy 
James B. Forgan, Jr. Stone, D.D. 

Albert D. Farwell R. Douglas Stuart 

Alfred E. Hamill J. Hall Taylor 

Charles H. Hamill John P. Welling 
Edward F. Wilson 

Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 
Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 
Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 
Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


VERNON C. DAVID, M.D President 




ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 


M. HELENA McMILLAN Director Emeritus 

: AY L. RUSSELL Dean and Acting Director 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital.