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fie PresWcrlaffi IHtospMa 


v tke Q'dy'&y Gkicagcy 



Chicago, 111. 

January, 1939 

Vol. 31, No. 1 




Care for 11,497 Patients 

Reports to be presented at the 5 6th 
annual meeting of the Presbyterian Hos- 
pital Society on Jan. 18, will show that 
11,497 patients were admitted to the hos- 
pital in 1938. Of this number 6,090 were 
able to pay only a part of the cost of the 
care they received, while 2,225 were 
cared for entirely free. The total cost of 
free care for the year was $171,592.39. 
Patients cared for represented 40 differ- 
ent nationalities. 

Of the 11,497 patients 1,836 were 
children under 14 years old. Only 160 
of these children were full-pay patients, 
all of the others having been either free 
or part-pay. In most instances the amount 
received for the care of part-pay child 
patients represented only a fraction of 
the cost of care given to the child. 

In 1938, 883 babies were born in our 
hospital. These included 1 1 pairs of 
twins. Babies delivered in homes by the 
Out-Patient Obstetrical department num- 
bered 440, including three pairs of twins. 

Examining Rooms Busy 

Visits of non-hospital patients in the 
first floor examining rooms totalled 36,- 
502, an increase of 736 over the previous 
year. This figure includes 23,288 visits 
of private patients of medical staff mem- 
bers; 5,787 visits of obstetrical patients 
(including 4,738 visits in the pre-natal 
clinic); 1,159 visits of patients referred 
by Central Free Dispensary; 3,134 visits 
of house patients; and 2,893 visits of em- 
ployees and student nurses. The number 
of Dispensary patients admitted to the 
hospital through the examining rooms 
was 683. 

The Hospital Society will meet for 
luncheon at 12:15 P.M. on Wednesday, 
Jan. 18, following which reports will be 
presented and officers elected. 

In the above picture taken in our hospital library. Miss Selma Linclem, librarian for the 
last nine and one-half years, is shown at the left. With her is Mrs. Virginia Bonnici, who is to 
serve as librarian while Miss Linclem takes a six-months leave of absence which will be spent 
in New York City setting up a new central library plan for hospitals under sponsorship of the 
Junior League. (Story on page 3) 

During 1938, books and magazines circulated by the hospital library totalled 20,791. 
An average of 300 patients were served each month, mainly through bedside visits of the 
librarian and her volunteer assistants, including Mrs. A. L. Cummings, Mrs. Philip F. W. Peck, 
Mrs. Harry McNair and Mrs. Walter A. Graff. A well-stocked bookwagon serves as a miniature 
library which can be wheeled to the bedside. 

The library is sponsored by the Woman's Board and there is no charge to patients for 
this service. The hospital's collection of 7,000 volumes is supplemented by books from the 
public library, for which our library is a deposit station. Current issues of more than 50 
magazines are also available. During 1938 bargain sales of donated books which the library 
could not use netted $306 for the purchase of new books and other supplies. Mrs. Wilber E. 
Post is chairman of the library committee. 


Dr. Kellogg Speed and other members of 
our surgical staff presented a clinic program 
in the operating rooms, Dec. 16, before the 
members of the Chicago Regional Fracture 
Committee and the Illinois State Fracture 
Committee. Luncheon was served by the hos- 
pital to thirty visitors and staff members. 


Miss Ronnie Seline and Dr. Paul H. Brown 
were married in December at North Shore 
Presbyterian Church by the Rev. Mr. O'Hair. 
They have gone to Honolulu, Hawaii where 
they will be associated with Queen's Hospital, 
and plan to do missionary work in the Belgian 
Congo of Africa eventually. Mrs. Brown is 
a 1938 graduate of our School of Nursing. 

Four Generations Have Part in Accomplishments 
of Presbyterian Hospital in Fifty-six Years 

Four generations of men and women have had an active part in the accomplish- 
ments of Presbyterian Hospital, since the Hospital Society was incorporated in July 
1883 and the Ladies Aid Society was formed in the spring of 1884 to assist in the 
work. Service as members of the Board of Managers or of the Woman's Board (sue 
cessor to the Ladies Aid Society) has become a tradition in a number of families, sons 
and daughters succeeding fathers and mothers, unto the third and fourth generations. 
Among the women active as founders 

of the Hospital Ladies Aid Society in 
1884, were Mrs. David W. Graham, only 
surviving founder, and the late Mrs. John 

B. Drake, Sr. Mr. Drake was one of the 
incorporators of the hospital and a mem- 
ber of the Board of Managers, 1883-93. 
Dr. Graham actively assisted Dr. J. P. 
Ross in the founding of the hospital and 
was a member of the first Medical Staff. 
Mrs. Drake was active in the work of the 
Ladies Aid Society for many years. She 
was succeeded by her daughter, Miss 
Helen V. Drake, now an honorary mem- 
ber of the board and honorary chairman 
of the School of Nursing committee of 
which she was the efficient chairman for 
a number of years. John B. Drake, Jr. 
has been a manager since 1907. His 
daughter, Mrs. George W. Harvey, is a 
third generation member of the Woman's 
Board, as is also Mrs. Kent Hamilton 
Parker, granddaughter of Dr. and Mrs. 

Descendants of D. A. Jones 

Funds for the erection of the Jones 
Memorial in 1888 were provided by be- 
quest of Daniel A. Jones and additional 
gifts from his heirs. Mrs. Daniel A. 
Jones was an officer of the Ladies Aid 
Society for many years and established a 
fund to assist needy patients during con- 
valescence, long before the term social 
service was coined. Mrs. O. S. Newell, 
daughter of Daniel A. Jones, and Mrs. 

C. Frederick Childs of Lake Forest, 
granddaughter, each served as president 
of the Woman's Board for several years. 
Mrs. Childs is now on the board's adviso- 
ry council and active on several commit- 
tees. Mrs. Lawrence Dunlap Smith and 
Mrs. William A. P. Pullman, great- 
granddaughters, are active members of 
the present board. Mrs. Smith has been 
recording secretary for several years. The 
Jones wing still stands as a part of the 
present Presbyterian Hospital building. 

Others of Third Generation 

Mrs. Scott Bromwcll, a member of the 
exei utive committee of the Woman's 
Board, and Mrs. ( George Ghappell, Jr., who 
was added this year to the Lake Forest 
"roup of active members, are grand 
daughters of Byron L. Smith, manager, 
1906-14, and daughters of Solomon A. 
Smith, hospital treasurer. 

Mrs. Barrett Scudder, another new 
member from Lake Forest, is the former 

Joan Stuart, granddaughter of the late 
Robert Stuart, manager, 1916-26, and 
Mrs. Stuart, who was long active on the 
Woman's Board and is now an honorary 
member. The second generation of 
Stuarts is represented by Mr. and Mrs. 
R. Douglas Stuart on the two boards. 
Mrs. Stuart is chairman of the board 
members fund committee. 

Mrs. Perkins B. Bass, Jr. is another 
third generation member. She is a daugh- 
ter-in-law of Mrs. Perkins Bass, presi- 
dent, 1920-28, now on the advisory coun- 
cil and active in committee work. Mrs. 
Perkins B. Bass, Sr. is a daughter of Mrs. 
A. S. Maltman, who became a member of 
the Ladies Aid Society in 1887. Another 
daughter, Miss Elisabeth Maltman, is 
chairman of the membership committee. 

Hamills and McCormicks 

Dr. Robert C. Hamill was one of the 
incorporators of the Presbyterian Hospi- 
tal Society in 1883, a member of the first 
Medical Staff and of the first Board of 
Managers. He was vice-president of the 
board for two years. His death in 1886 
was a great loss to the hospital. The 
Hamill Wing was built in his memory in 
1887 largely through gifts from Dr. J. 
P. Ross and Cyrus H. McCormick, Jr. 
Mr. McCormick was one of the incor- 
porators and served on the Board of Man- 
agers for many years. His mother, Mrs. 
C. H. McCormick, Sr. was a charter 
member of the Ladies Aid Society, a 
vice-president from 1883 to 1911, and 
honorary president of the Woman's 
Board, 1911-2 3. Other members of the 
McCormick family have been identified 
with the work of the hospital at different 

Ernest A. Hamill, son of Dr. Robert 
Hamill was an active member of the 
Board of Managers from 1890 until his 
death in 1926, when he was succeeded 
by his son Alfred E. Hamill who is now 
on the board. Mrs. Charles D. Hamill, 
daughter-in-law of Dr. Robert Hamill 
joined the Ladies Aid Society in 1887, 
and was its third president, serving from 
1897 to 1909. Her son, Charles H. 
Hamill has been on the Board of Man- 
agers since 1914. Mrs. Ernest A. Hamill 
has long been a liberal supporter of the 
Woman's Board and other hospital 
activities, in recognition of which she 
was made an honorary member some 
years ago. 

Ross and Douglass Families 

In addition to those mentioned, a large 
group of Woman's Board members re- 
present the second generation of families 
that have been active in the interest of 
Presbyterian Hospital. Notable among 
these are Mrs. Robert Metz,, Mrs. Fred- 
erick T. Haskell, and Mrs. Robert E. 
Ross, daughters and daughter-in-law of 
Dr. Joseph Presley Ross, founder of the 
hospital, and Mrs. Ross, charter member 
of the Ladies Aid Society. Mrs. Haskell 
is a past president and a member of the 
advisory council. Mrs. Mets, who now 
lives in Lenox, Mass., is an honorary 
member. Mr. and Mrs. John B. Lord, 
parents of Mrs. Robert Ross, also were 
identified with the two boards for many 
years. Mrs. Ross, long an active worker, 
is now on the advisory council. 

Mrs. Clyde E. Shorey, past president 
and member of the advisory council, and 
Mrs. Kingman Douglass, vice-chairman of 
the board members fund committee, are 
the daughter and daughter-in-law, respec- 
tively, of the late William A. Douglass, 
who was secretary of the first Board of 
Managers and continued in that office 
until his death in 1935. Kingman Doug- 
lass succeeded his father as secretary. 
Mrs. William A. Douglass is chairman of 
the child's free bed and babies' alumni 
fund committee. 

Others of Second Generation 

The late John C. Welling was a member of 
the Board of Managers, 1891-1906, and trea- 
surer for several years. Mrs. Welling joined 
the Ladies Aid Society in 1887 and was an 
active worker for 43 years, serving as vice- 
president for several terms, as a member of 
the executive committee, and in other capaci- 
ties. Their son, John P. Welling, has been 
on the Board of Managers since 1929. 

Mrs. Theodore A. Shaw, Sr. was a charter 
member of the Ladies Aid Society and con- 
tinued active work for 26 years, filling various 
offices. Her son, Theodore Shaw, Jr. has been 
a member of the Board of Managers since 

Mrs. LaFayctte McWilliams, charter mem- 
ber of the Ladies Aid and chairman of the 
furnishings committee for many years, was 
succeeded on the Woman's Board by her 
daughter-in-law, Mrs. Donald McWilliams. 
Mrs. C. K. Pomeroy, active member and offi- 
cer in the Ladies Aid and its successor, the 
Woman's Board, from 1895 to 1929, was 
succeeded by her daughter, Mrs. John Edgar 
Freeman, now an active board member. 

The late Albert B. Dick was a member of 
the Board of Managers, 1905-10. Mrs. Dick 
has long been active on the Woman's Board 
and now is a member of the advisory council. 
Their son, Albert B. Dick, Jr., has been on 
the Board of Managers since 1930. Others 
who represent the second generation of serv- 
ice on the Board of Managers include the 
following members of the present borad : Ed- 
ward D. McDougal, Jr., son of Robert Me- 
Dougal (1928-1933); James B. Forgan, Jr., 
son of James B. Forgan (1901-1924); Horace 
W. Armstrong, son of Frank H. Armstrong 
(1909-1919); Edward F. Wilson, son of 
Thomas E. Wilson (1914-1934). Mrs. Horace 
W. Armstrong is a member of the executive 
(Continued on Page 3, Column 3) 


Elects Officers and Hears 

Reports — Mr. Shaw is 

Guest Speaker 

"While raising money is commonly 
thought to be the primary object of 
women's hospital auxiliaries, and is of 
great importance, it is secondary to the 
task of creating a proper public under- 
standing of the function and value of the 
hospital," Mr. Leonard Shaw, guest 
speaker, said in his address at the 55th 
annual meeting of the Woman's Board 
of Presbyterian Hospital, held in the 
chapel, Jan. 9. Mr. Shaw recently came 
here from Canada to accept the position 
of assistant secretary of the American 
Hospital Association. As an adminis- 
trator in several hospitals and editor of 
the journal of the Canadian Hospital 
Council, Mr. Shaw came in close contact 
with the splendid work done by the 
women's hospital auxiliaries in that coun- 
try. He credited women's auxiliaries of 
Canada and the United States with hav- 
ing done much to bring about a better 
public understanding of the purpose of 
the hospital. 

Miss McMillan Is Honored 

Mrs. David W. Graham was re-elected 
honorary president and Mrs. Ernest E. 
Irons was re-elected president of the 
board. Miss M. Helena McMillan, 
founder of the School of Nursing and 
its director for more than 35 years, was 
made an honorary member, a distinction 
accorded only to those who have been of 
unusual service to the board and are no 
longer in active work. Miss McMillan 
retired in October and is now director 
emeritus of the school. There are ten 
other honorary members now living, Mrs. 
F. W. Crosby having passed away in 

Other Officers Elected 

Mrs. Gordon B. Wheeler, of Hinsdale, was 
elected treasurer, to succeed Mrs. Edward L. 
Beatie, of Evanston, who had held the office 
for nearly ten years, and was made a life 
member in recognition of this service. Other 
new officers are: Mrs. G. H. Bristol, assistant 
treasurer, and Mrs. Ovid R. Sellers, assistant 
recording secretary. Officers were re-elected as 
follows: Mrs. Lawrence Dunlap Smith, record- 
ing secretary; Miss Lucibel Dunham, corres- 
ponding secretary; Mrs. Lincoln M. Coy, Mrs. 
John P. Mentzer, Mrs. Charles S. Reed and 
Mrs. William R. Tucker, vice-presidents. 

Mrs. Edward L. Beatie and Mrs. H. C. 
Patterson are new members of the Advisory 
Council, re-elected members of which are: 
Mrs. Perkins B. Bass, Mrs. C. Frederick 
Childs, Mrs. Albert B. Dick, Mrs. William A. 
Douglass, Mrs. Henry C. Hackney, Mrs. Fred- 
erick T. Haskell, Mrs. Alva A. Knight, Mrs. 
George R. Nichols, Mrs. Robert E. Ross and 
Mrs. Clyde E. Shorey. 

Members of the executive committee for the 
term expiring Dec. 31, 1941 were named as 
follows: Mrs. Alfred Carton, Mrs. L. C. 

M. Helena McMillan 

Resolutions by Board of Managers 

Upon the retirement of M. Helena Mc- 
Millan as active Director of the School of 
Nursing and Superintendent of Nurses, the 
Board of Managers of The Presbyterian Hos- 
pital of The City of Chicago here express 
their appreciation of her services. 

A pioneer in nursing education, she was 
appointed in 1903 to organize our School. 
A leader of constant and undiminishing 
ideals and vision, she ever sought, in the 
School and in the Hospital, the improve- 
ment of nursing service by raising intellec- 
tual standards for students and graduates 
alike without belittling the more humble 
functions of her profession in caring for the 
sick however necessitous they might be. 
More than fifteen hundred young women 
have graduated from the School during her 
long term of office. They carry on her 
work. Her influence has also been far reach- 
ing in nursing associations, local, state and 
national. Whatever reputation the School 
may have for excellence of instruction, or the 
Hospital may have for worth of nursing 
service in the cause of nursing," has reflected 
endeavors. National recognition, culminating 
in the award to her in 1936 of the Walter 
Burns Saunders Medal "for distinguished 
service in the cause of nursing", has reflected 
glory upon both School and Hospital. She 
has been responsive to technical changes in 
medical care, and considerate of our re- 
sponsibilities as trustees. 

Accordingly, BE IT RESOLVED, That, 
in recognition of services of inestimable value 
to this society and to the public, M. Helena 
McMillan be appointed Director Emeritus of 
our School of Nursing, that this brief tribute 
be spread upon our minutes, and that she 
receive a copy thereof. 

John McKinlay, President 
Kingman Douglass, Secretary 
Dec. 21, 1938. 

Gatewood, Mrs. Burton W. Hales, Mrs. Hal- 
ford H. Kittleman, Mrs. B. M. Linnell, and 
Mrs. Woodruff J. Parker. Three vacancies in 
the group whose term expires in 1940 were 
filled by naming Mrs. Henry W. Bernhardt, 
Mrs. Edwin P. Dewes and Mrs. Frank S. 

In presenting the unified report of the year's 
accomplishments of the board's 23 standing 
committees, Mrs. Edward H. Smith added a 
clever touch by the use of appropriate book 
titles as captions for each report. The high- 
lights from the reports will be published in 
a later issue of the Bulletin. 

In accordance with a custom of long stand- 
ing, Mr. John McKinlay, president of the 
Board of Managers, presided. Before relinquish- 
ing the gavel, Mr. McKinlay congratulated the 
Woman's Board on the year's accomplishments, 
stating that it would be difficult to picture 
Presbyterian Hospital as existing without the 
work of women and the progressive spirit 
which they foster. 



Seventy-nine student nurses, comprising the 
preliminary class admitted in the fall, held a 
hobby show in the auditorium of Sprague 
Home Dec. 28. The exhibit showed a wide 
variety of worth while interests and consider- 
able talent in numerous fields. 


The following paragraphs from a column 
article which appeared in the New York Times 
tell of the work which Miss Selma Lindem, 
our hospital librarian, will do in New York 
City during a six-months leave of absence 
which began Jan. 1 : 

"Fourteen of the city's hospitals — public 
and private — will be serviced in the new year 
by a central council of hospital libraries, the 
first organisation of its kind to be staffed 
almost completely by volunteer workers. The 
set-up is the work of the Junior League of 
New York in cooperation with the hospitals, 
which will benefit by the services of 60 trained 
young women who combine a knowledge of 
routine of book circulation with the more 
highly technical grasp of bibliotherapy. 

"The Central Council for Hospital Libra- 
ries is modeled on the Paris system and housed 
in the Junior League clubhouse at 221 East 
7 1st Street. Miss Selma Lindem, librarian of 
the Presbyterian Hospital in Chicago, will be 
installed as director. The volunteers who 
have, so far, completed one training course in 
which physicians, nurses and librarians have 
cooperated are prepared to catalog books, re- 
view them in the light of their suitability for 
convalescent reading, aid in their distribution 
via ward book carts and to bind them sturdily 
when repair is required. 

"Not only does the League contemplate 
furnishing volunteers for book collecting 
through its motor corps but the assembling of 
a model hospital library is being made possible 
through the sale of unsuitable books which are 

Four Generations Have Part 

(Continued from Page 2, Column 3) 
committee of the Woman's Board. This board 
also has a number of other second generation 
members and in several instances, other than 
those mentioned, a mother and daughter or 
daughter-in-law are both active on the board. 

Many Others Also Serve 

While Presbyterian Hospital owes much to 
the loyalty of these families so ably repre- 
sented by succeeding generations, the institu- 
tion also is greatly indebted to scores of others 
who have been or are at present the only 
representatives of their families identified with 
the work as members of the Board of Manag- 
ers or the Woman's Board. 

Throughout the years, also, members of the 
Medical Staff have worked in close coopera- 
tion with the Board of Managers, while wives 
of staff members have been active on the 
Woman's Board, frequently serving as officers 
or committee chairmen. Some of the most 
effective of these women workers belong to 
the non-Presbyterian general membership 
group as do a number of other valued mem- 
bers of the Woman's Board. 


Ranking next to Mrs. D. W. Graham 
in number of years of work in the inter- 
est of the hospital, is Mrs. George R. 
Nichols, who joined the Ladies Aid 
Society in 1SS6 and has held various offi- 
ces and committee chairmanships through 
the years. Mrs. Nichols still is active as 
a member of the advisory council of the 
Woman's Board. 

3n fHrmortam 

Golder Lewis McWhorter 

On October 16, 1938, Chicago lost one 
of her outstanding surgeons, Golder L. 
McWhorter. His quiet, unassuming man- 
ner, his sincerity and integrity of purpose 
made him a true friend of his patients 
and his associates. His courage and devo- 
tion to his chosen profession evoked the 
admiration of all who knew him. His in- 
terest in his work was attested by the fact 
that he wrote and passed the Cook Coun- 
ty Hospital examination last year, only a 
few weeks after he had been operated 
upon for what he knew was probably a 
hopeless malignant condition. He is sur- 
vived by his wife and four children. In 
1915, he married Mary Louise Etten of 
Chicago. By this union there were two 
sons, John Tyler, a senior in the school 
of commerce at the University of Chica- 
go, Henry Etten, now in the medical 
school at the University of Chicago, and 
one daughter, Dorothy, who is still m 
grade school. Following the death of his 
wife, in 1932, he married Isabel Chaplin, 
also of Chicago, in 1934. They have one 
child, Bobby, who is three years old. 

Golder L. McWhorter was born on a 
farm near Algona, Iowa, Sept. 23, 1888. 
He graduated from Austin high school 
and following two years work at Coe 
College he received his B. S. degree from 
the University of Chicago in 1911, and 
his medical degree from Rush Medical 
College in 1913. He interned at Chil- 
dren's Memorial and Presbyterian Hospi- 
tals, after which he studied three years at 
the University of Minnesota Graduate 
School of Medicine and Mayo Founda- 
tion. He received the first Ph.D. in sur- 
gery ever granted by that institution. He 
served as instructor and ward surgeon at 
Camp Greenleaf and Camp Joseph E. 
Johnson during the World War. After 
the war he became associated with Rush 
Medical College, where he held the rank 
of associate clinical professor of surgery. 

Doctor McWhorter was a prodigious 
worker. He published more than seventy 
articles in leading surgical journals, many 
of which were based on experimental 
work and clinical research. His experi- 
mental work included some important 
work on the bile passages. In addition to 
these, he wrote many short articles and 
book reviews for various medical journals. 
He was an assistant attending surgeon at 
Presbyterian Hospital besides serving on 
the staffs of several other hospitals. Out- 
standing organisations of which he was a 
member or fellow included the American 
College of Surgeons, Chicago Surgical 
Society, Western Surgical Society, Insti- 
tute of Medicine of Chicago and other 
local and national medical societies. 

— Gatewood 


Members of our Medical and Surgical 
Staff presented a clinical program in our 
operating rooms before the members of 
the Chicago Surgical Society, Jan. 6 from 
9:00 A.M. to 12:30 P.M. Visitors and 
staff members were guests of the hospital 
at luncheon. 

At the scientific meeting of the same 
society that evening in the University 
Club, papers were presented by Dr. 
Edwin M. Miller, Dr. E. H. Fell, Dr. 
Kellogg Speed and Dr. D. B. Phemister. 


Dr. Clifford Grulee addressed the Carroll-Jo 
Daviess County Medical Societies, Dec. 7 on 
"Infant Feeding." 

* * * 

Dr. Harry Oberhelman was the speaker at 
a meeting of the Scott County, Iowa Medical 
Society at Davenport, Dec. 6. His topic was 
"Some Surgical Problems." 

Dr. Clayton J. Lundy gave a talk on 
Treatment of Arterio-sclerotic Heart Disease" 
before the Medical Society of Will-Grundy 
Counties, Dec. 7. 

At the meeting of the Western Surgical 
Association in Omaha, Dec. 2 and 3, Dr. 
Gatewood discussed three papers; one on 
gastric motolity, one on hypospadias, and one 
on anesthesia. 

Dr. Herman L. Kretschmer gave a paper on 
"Elusive Ulcer" before the Southeastern branch 
of the American Urological Association at 
Louisville, Ky., Dec. 2. 

At the December meeting of the Chicago 
Ophthalmological Society, Dr. W. F. Mon- 
creiff presented a preliminary report on 
"Corneal Transplantation: New Technic." 

Two residents reported in the December 
issue as leaving on Jan. 1, will continue their 
services as follows: Dr. Henry H. Halley, Jr., 
pathology; and Dr. N. J. Lilleberg, obstetrics 
and gynecology. 

* * * 

Dr. Daniel B. Hayden was one of the 
speakers at the January meeting of the Chica- 
go Laryngolocial and Otological Society, be- 
fore which he presented an illustrated address 
on "Evaluation of the Methods of Tinnitus 


At the annual meeting held in December, 
Miss Charlotte F. Landt was elected president 
of the Alumnae Association of the School of 
Nursing. Miss Landt is assistant director of 
the School of Nursing of Cook County Hos- 
pital and night superintendent of nurses in hospital. Miss Alma Foerster, public 
health nursing instructor in our School of 
Nursing, was named second vice-president. 
Mrs. Dorothy Van Gorp was re-elected trea- 
surer and Misses Ethel Holbrook and Esther 
Sanderson were elected directors. Other offi- 
cers hold over another year. 

Miss Dora Corneilson, field representative 
of the American Journal of Nursing, spoke at 
the Alumnae meeting, Jan. 3. She also ad- 
dressed the members of the senior class of the 


Two boys were born in our hospital on 
Christmas day and two girls arrived on New 
Year day. 

Our first Christmas baby was born at 4:11 
A.M. His parents are Mr. and Mrs. Casimir 
Strzalka, 2253 W. Iowa Street, and his name 
is Richard Christ. 

Mr. and Mrs. Edward H. Haan, 826 Mich- 
igan Ave., Evanston, are the parents of our 
other Christmas baby, who was named Edward 

The first 1939 baby was Eileen Phyllis 
Lambertz, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Paul N. 
Lambertz, 5020 S. Tripp Avenue, born at 
2:55 A.M. 

Our second 1939 baby was born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Franklin M. Watkins of 7110 Cornell 
Ave. Her name, Manlin Jean is a combina- 
tion of the given names of her parents. 



Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 





FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable Edw. D. McDougal, Jr. 

Alfred T. Carton Fred A. Poor 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Theodore A. Shaw 

John B. Drake Rev. John Timothy 
James B. Forgan, Jr. Stone, D.D. 

Albert D. Farwell R. Douglas Stuart 

Alfred E. Hamill J. Hall Taylor 

Charles H. Hamill John P. Welling 
Edward F. Wilson 


Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 
Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 
Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 
Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


VERNON C. DAVID, M.D President 



ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 


M. HELENA McMILLAN Director Emeritus 

MAY L. RUSSELL Dean and Acting Director 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21. 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital. 

e Pres Wcrlai ftospita 

ojv tks City cyy 





Chicago, 111. 

February, 1939 

Vol. 31. No. 2 




Begins Duties in September 

Appointment of Miss Dorothy Rogers 
to the position of director of the School 
of Nursing and nursing service of Pres- 
byterian Hospital has been announced by 
the Board of Managers of the hospital. 
Miss Rogers will fill the vacancy created 
by the retirement last October of Miss 
M. Helena McMillan, founder of the 
school, and its director for 35 years. 
Miss Rogers now holds the position of 
assistant professor of nursing education 
at the University of Chicago and will not 
take over her new duties in the school 
and hospital until September 1. In the 
meantime, Miss May L. Russell, dean, 
will continue as acting director of the 
school and Miss Harriet E. Forrest will 
continue as director of the hospital nurs- 
ing service. 

Is Alumna of School 

Miss Rogers is not a stranger to the 
school and hospital. She was graduated 
from the former in 1921 and has been a 
member of the graduate committee of 
consultants in recent years. She brings to 
her task broad educational preparation 
and wide administrative experience in 
other institutions. After graduating from 
Oak Park High School in 1913 she re- 
ceived the BA. degree in 1918 from 
Wellsley College, Wellsley, Mass.; a 
diploma from the School of Nursing of 
Presbyterian Hospital in 1921; and in 
1926 received a Master of Arts degree in 
administration of nursing schools from 
Teachers' College, Columbia University, 
New York City. 

Administrative and professional posi- 
tions held by Miss Rogers have been as 
follows : assistant superintendent of nurses 
at Washington Boulevard Hospital, Chi- 
cago, 1922-25; assistant director of the 
School of Nursing of Washington Uni- 



versity and superintendent of nurses in 
Barnes Hospital, St. Louis, Mo., 1926-30; 
professor of nursing and director of the 
John Sealy College of Nursing of the 
University of Texas, Galveston, 1931-35; 
assistant professor of nursing education, 
University of Chicago, since 1935. 

Miss Rogers is a member of the Illinois 
State Nurses 1 Association and since 1936 
has been president of the Illinois League 
of Nursing Education. This organization 
is made up of a professional group con- 
cerned with the problems of nursing 
schools and nursing education in the state. 

17,000th BABY IS DUE 



To Receive #100 Baby Bond 

Sometime within a few weeks Pres- 
byterian Hospital will celebrate the ar- 
rival of the 17,000th baby horn in the 
institution since it was first opened in 
August 1884. No one knows the day 
or the hour when this historic event will 
take place. Births numbered 16,914 up 
to February 1 and range from 50 to 100 
per month. The average for the 1938 
total of 883 births was 76 per month. 

Who Will Be Lucky Baby? 

Being born in Presbyterian Hospital is 
a lucky break for almost any baby, but 
it's going to be extra lucky for our 
17,000th baby. Here's why — just to let 
the world know how proud we are to 
have had 17,000 babies first see the light 
of day under our roof, the Board of Man- 
agers is going to present the 17,000th 
baby with (of all things) a $100 U. S. 
Baby Bond. The usual birth certificate 
signed by the hospital superintendent also 
will bear a special notation stating that 
the baby is the 17,000th infant born in 
Presbyterian Hospital. 

Hospital Births Increase 

Maternity departments in general hos- 
pitals are rapidly becoming the birthplace 
of the nation, recent statistics showing 
that nearly one-half of all births in the 
United States each year occur in hospitals 
and that 94 per cent of the hospital births 
take place in general hospitals. 

When the Presbyterian Hospital was 
opened to patients in 1884 and for many 
years thereafter only unusual circum- 
stances sent a woman to a hospital to 
have her baby. Of the 16,914 births in 
the hospital prior to February 1, 1939, 
only 776 occurred during the first 20 
years of its existence — fewer than now 
occur here each year. 


Through the cooperation of the obstet- 
rical department of Rush Medical Col- 
lege, a prenatal and postnatal clinic for 
hospital house service obstetrical regis- 
trants has been maintained in the hospital 
examining rooms since 1920. These pa- 
tients pay a flat rate which is within the 
means of persons of small incomes, and 
which covers prenatal and postnatal care 
and ten days hospitalisation at the time 
of delivery. The clinic staff consists of 
an attending obstetrician, the hospital 
resident obstetrician, interns, dentist, 
pediatrician, graduate nurse, student 
nurses, and medical social worker. Con- 
sultation with other medical specialists is 
available when needed. Registrations are 
received by the hospital Social Service de- 
partment and expectant mothers are 
urged to register early in pregnancy. 

Last year 637 house service patients 
were admitted for hospitalisation in our 
maternity department. Clinic visits num- 
bered 4,738. 

Service for Private Patients 

Private patients of obstetrical staff 
members receive prenatal care at the 
offices of their physicians, coming to the 
hospital for special examinations and con- 
sultation with other physicians when this 
is deemed necessary. Among the babies 
born to private patients here last year 
were a granddaughter of a late member 
of the President's Cabinet, a grand- 
nephew of the late Czar Nicholas of 
Russia, and a considerable number who 
bear names well known in business and 
social circles of Chicagoland. The choice 
of Presbyterian Hospital by these discern- 
ing people as the birthplace of their 
babies is highly gratifying to the hospital 
management and the obstetrical medical 
and nursing staffs. However, every 
mother and every baby cared for in our 
maternity department receives the best 
that present-day obstetrical knowledge 
can provide, regardless of their economic 
or social status. 

Each newborn baby is placed under the care 
of a pediatrician with the result that the new- 
born death rate in the hospital has been mate- 
rially reduced within the last ten years through 
scientific feeding, prompt medical measures, 
early correction of defects, and the provision 
of incubator care for all premature and other 
under-developed and weak babies. A detailed 
article on the care oi the newborn in our hos- 
pital appeared in the May 1938 issue of our 

Patients from Wide Area 

Checking over the home addresses ol pa« 
tients whose babies were born in the hospital 
last year we find that these mothers came from 
every section of Chicago, 30 different sub- 

urb; mmunities, and several more distant 


Keeping Mothers Alive 

That adequate prenatal care and 
sound obstetrical procedures can elimi- 
nate nearly all deaths of mothers due 
to childbirth causes is proven by recent 
records of both the maternity depart- 
ment of Presbyterian Hospital and the 
Out-Patient Obstetrical service. In the 
last 3,398 births in the hospital, only 
three maternal deaths occurred, while 
the out-patient record was two deaths 
in the last 2,453 births. The three 
maternal deaths in the hospital were 
due to causes unrelated to childbirth 
and two of these deaths might have 
been prevented if an obstetrician had 
been consulted early in pregnancy. 

Our combined hospital and out- 
patient record of one maternal death 
for each 1,170 live births in recent 
years is much lower than the national 
rate of 5.8 maternal deaths per 1,000 
live births and is less than half as high 
as the all-Chicago rate of 2.7 maternal 
deaths per 1,000 live births in 1938. 

How Presbyterian Hospital, Central 
Free Dispensary and Rush Medical 
College cooperate to provide adequate 
prenatal, obstetrical, and postnatal care 
to hundreds of mothers each year is 
described in several articles in this 


Dr. James B. Hernck, a member of our 
Medical Staff since 1891, was awarded 
the honorary degree of Doctor of Science 
at the Winter Convocation of the Uni- 
versity of Chicago, Dec. 20. He was pre- 
sented by Dr. Emmet B. Bay, dean of 
Rush Medical College, who was a stu- 
dent and associate of Dr. Hernck. The 
citation states "Scholarly teacher and de- 
voted physician whose character and at- 
tainments have adorned this University 
and whose contributions to knowledge 
have enriched the annals of medical 

The following comment is from the 
Alumni l\[ews of the university: 

Known among medical men as the "dean of 
internists," Dr. Herrick is internationally 
famous for his work on coronary thrombosis, 
and only to a slightly lesser degree, for his 
study of "sickle cell' anemia. Born in Oak 
Park in 1861, Dr. Herrick graduated from the 
University of Michigan and received his M.D. 
degree from Rush in 1888. He was a member 
of the Rush faculty from 1890 to 1927. 
Founder and first president of the Chicago 
Society of Internal Medicine, he has held the 
presidency of the Institute of Medicine of 
Chicago, the American Heart Association, the 
Association of American Physicians, and the 
Congress of American Physicians and Sur- 
geons. Dr. Herrick received in 19 30 the 
Kobcr Medal of the Association of American 
Physicians and Michigan conferred the hon- 
orary degree of Doctor oi Laws upon him in 


Proud as we are about the nearly 
17,000 babies born in Presbyterian Hos- 
pital we are equally proud of the part 
that the hospital has had in providing free 
medical care at 20,206 births in homes 
under the auspices of the Out-Patient 
Obstetrical department which has been 
maintained since 1904 by the hospital, 
Rush Medical College and Central Free 
Dispensary. To have assisted 37,120 
babies into the world is something of a 

Have Prenatal Care 

Most of the obstetrical patients cared 
for by members of the Out-Patient Ob- 
stetrical staff are registered in advance by 
the prenatal clinic at Central Free Dis- 
pensary, where information as to their 
circumstances is obtained, in order that 
the services of the department may be 
given only to those unable to pay a pri- 
vate physician or obtain private medical 
care through a relief agency. Prenatal 
care is given through visits to the clinic, 
and last-minute registrations are accepted 
only in unusual emergencies. Students 
in our School of Nursing assist in the 
prenatal clinic at the dispensary and make 
many home visits. Visits of doctors and 
nurses in homes totaled 2,160 in 1938. 

440 Births in Homes 

Prenatal and postnatal clinic visits of 
651 mothers numbered 2,542. Many of 
these mothers were referred to other 
clinics in the dispensary for diagnosis and 
treatment of pathological conditions. Free 
medical attendance was provided at 440 
births m homes. Newborn babies are 
visited by a hospital pediatrician within a 
few hours after the birth is reported and 
if deemed necessary are seen in their 
homes by an attending pediatrician. 

Provide Hospital Care 

When the condition of a mother or 
newborn baby is such as to demand it, 
free hospitalisation is provided in our 
hospital or arrangements made for 
prompt admission to Cook County Hos- 
pital. In 1938, 4 mothers and 15 new- 
born babies were admitted to our hospi- 
tal through the Out-Patient Obstetrical 


The many friends of Miss Ellen Ekelund 
192 3 graduate of the School of Nursing, will 
be pleased to learn that she has fully re- 
covered from her recent long illness and has 
taken a position as field nurse with the Desert 
Mission, a Presbyterian tuberculosis sanitarium 
near Phoenix, Anz. Miss Ekelund formerly 
was the nurse in charge of the Baby Clinic at 
the dispensary. 




Visits Totaled 185,655 

Nearly 30,000 different individuals re- 
ceived medical care in the clinics of Cen- 
tral Free Dispensary in 1938, Dr. George 
W. Duvall, superintendent, reported at 
the 71st annual meeting of that institu- 
tion on January 31. Dr. Robert H. 
Herbst, president, and other officers and 
board members were reelected. 

Though under separate management 
the dispensary serves as the out-patient 
department of Presbyterian Hospital and 
the out-patient clinical teaching center of 
i Rush Medical College. The hospital ad- 
mits dispensary-referred patients to the 
extent that its facilities and funds permit, 
and also cooperates with the dispensary in 
numerous other ways. Dispensary clinics 
are staffed by members of the college 
faculty, whose services are donated. The 
dispensary has its own pharmacy which 
provides medicines needed by patients. 

Patients, who are able, pay nominal fees 
but last year such fees were collected for only 
20 percent of the 185,65? visits. The re- 
mainder of the dispensary's budget of 
$117,000 was obtained in the form of contri- 
butions from the state relief administration, 
Community Fund and interested individuals. 
In addition to other employed personnel, the 
dispensary has a well organized Social Service 
department whose ten medical social workers 
and an assisting clerical staff investigate appli- 
cations for dispensary care which is restricted 
to those found unable to pay for private medi- 
cal service. If each of the 185,655 visits to 
dispensary clinics last year was paid for at 
rates charged by physicians for ordinary office 
calls, the free service given by members of 
Rush faculty would cost at least half a million 
dollars. This sum would not include extra 
charges for laboratory and other tests, X-ray 
films and fluoroscopic examinations, minor sur- 
gery, and special treatments provided by the 
dispensary and the hospital. 

Last year Presbyterian Hospital admitted 
1,810 dispensary-referred patients for hospi- 
talization, provided on either a free or part- 
free basis. Of these patients, 1,136 were 



Central Free Dispensary was the pioneer in- 
stitution in Chicago in which adequate, scien- 
tific treatment of syphilis was made available 
to the poor. Dr. Oliver S. Ormsby, head of 
the departments of dermatology in Rush Medi- 
cal College and Presbyterian Hospital, started 
this work at the dispensary in 1916, during 
which year, 2,711 Wassermann tests were 
given and 467 patients were under treatment. 
Thousands of Wassermanns have been given 
each year since and treatments in the 22 years 
total more than 400,000. Patients under treat- 
ment in 1938 paid 27,625 visits to this clinic. 

This department does much to promote the 
welfare of mothers, babies and children. Was- 
sermanns are taken on expectant mothers early 
in pregnancy so that those giving positive re- 
dactions may receive adequate treatment which 
in most instances prevents the birth of syphili- 
tic babies. Wassermanns also are taken on 
children whose mothers are found to have this 

Health of 918 babies and young children was guarded through 4,832 visits in the Baby 
Clinic at Central Free Dispensary in 1938. Weight and other conditions are checked and 
conferences with mothers held on Monday, Wednesday and Thursday afternoons from 1:00 
to 2:00. In 1938 attendance averaged 32.4 infants per conference. 

The little fellow in the picture isn't quite sure he knows what it's all about, but his 
young mother (left) seems very happy about having the help of the clinic to keep her baby 
well. Miss Margarette Schwan, student from the School of Nursing of Presbyterian Hospital, 
is getting the scales set to record the baby's weight. 


Health of babies, pre-school and school chil- 
dren is guarded through conferences with 
mothers held in the baby and pediatric clinics 
at Central Free Dispensary, with the coopera- 
tion of Rush Medical College and Presbyterian 

The baby clinic was established seven years 
ago to take over the work of the infant wel- 
fare station which had been maintained up to 
that time by the Infant Welfare Society of 
Chicago. A pediatrician and graduate nurse 
are assisted by medical students and student 
nurses. Volunteer workers are provided by 
the hospital Woman's Board which also do- 
nates clothing for needy babies and children. 
Sick babies who require hospital care are refer- 
red to Presbyterian Hospital as free or part- 
pay patients if parents are unable to pay for 
hospitalization. However, most of the babies 
are kept free from illness through regular 
check-ups and advice given to mothers. 

The pediatric clinic at the dispensary regis- 
tered 3,050 children who made a total of 
6,927 visits in 1938. Children referred for 
hospital care numbered 169, most of whom 
were admitted as free patients. In addition to 
those referred by the pediatric clinic, 967 
children were referred by the dispensary nose 
and throat department for overnight hospitali- 
zation following tonsillectomies performed in 
that department. Most of these were admitted 
as free patients. 

disease and at the present time 175 such chil- 
dren are under treatment in this clinic. 

Practically every department of the dispen- 
sary does notable work in the interest of 
maternal and child health, providing medical 
treatment which would not be obtained other- 



"And Te Visited Me," a recently published 
book by Rev. Russell L. Dicks, chaplain in 
our hospital, was listed as one of the books 
offered in January by the Religious Book Club. 
The book is described as a "source book for 
ministers in work with the sick." It contains 
247 pages and is published by Harper Brothers. 
Rev. Dicks is the author of three other books. 

In recognition of his "contributions to con- 
temporary literature," Rev. Dicks recently 
was elected an honorary member of the 
Eugene Field Society, a national organization 
with headquarters in St. Louis. 


Dr. Edward Allen and Dr. Fred Priest were 
on the program at the scientific meeting of the 
Chicago Gynecological Society, Jan. 20. 

Dr. Vernon C. David was one of the speak- 
ers at the Chicago Medical Society meeting on 
Feb. 1, when the general topic was "Mortality 
of Appendicitis." Dr. David presented a paper 
on "The Surgical Treatment of Appendicitis." 

At the pediatric staff clinical conference in 
Cook County Children's Hospital, Jan. 24, Dr. 
Noel G. Shaw spoke on "Recent Develop- 
ments in the Study of Childhood Pneumonia." 

Dr. Earle B. Fowler is the new president of 
the Chicago Ophthalmology Society and Dr. 
Vernon M. Leech was elected secretary of the 
same society. 

Dr. Herman L. Ketschmer gave two ad- 
dresses before the Post-Graduate Medical 
School in Atlanta, Ga. on Jan. 17. He was 
in New York City Jan. 13-15 conducting ex- 
aminations given by the American Board of 
Urology of which he is president. 




Officers Are Reelected 

At the 56th annual meeting of Pres- 
byterian Hospital held on January 18, 
Mr. John McKinlay, president, and all 
other officers and board members were 
reelected. Mr. Philip R. Clarke, presi- 
dent of the City National Bank, is a new 
member of the board, elected to fill the 
vacancy caused by the death of Mr. 
Robert Stevenson, Jr. Mr. Clarke's fa- 
ther, who died many years ago, organized 
the Presbyterian church in Hinsdale and 
was an early-day supporter of the hos- 
pital. Following his death, Mrs. Clarke 
married T. R. Swezy. Mrs. Swesy was 
an active member of the Woman's Board 
for several years. Mrs. W. B. McKeand 
of Hinsdale, daughter of Mrs. Swez;y and 
sister of Philip R. Clarke, has long been 
an active member of the hospital Wo- 
man's Board and since 1929 has served 
as chairman of the Thanksgiving offering 
committee. Mrs. McKeand's daughter, 
Mrs. Gordon B. Wheeler of Hinsdale 
was elected treasurer of the Woman's 
Board at its recent annual meeting, after 
having served as assistant treasurer since 

More Charity in 1938 

In his report, Mr. McKinlay, president 
of the Board of Managers, pointed out 
that 25.7 per cent of patient days m 1938 
was charity as compared to 21.6 per cent 
in 1937. He stated that in order to meet 
increasing demands for charity work, 
buy needed equipment, and make essen- 
tial improvements, the hospital must ob- 
tain more donations to its general fund 
and additional endowments. Expenditures 
for repairs and renewals in 1938 totaled 
$37,1 18. These included additional X-ray 
and operating room equipment, new en- 
trance canopy, new furnishings of vari- 
ous kinds and a newly equipped ward 
for premature infants to be opened soon. 

Highlights from the report of the 
superintendent, Mr. Asa S. Bacon, were 
published in the January Bulletin, and a 
more detailed report will appear in the 
yearbook as will also the reports of the 
president and treasurer. 


Judge Elmer Medlin of Carbondale recently 
I i. ided in Circuit Court in Chicago and was 
said to he the youngest judge who had ever 
sat in court, being only 25 years old. Be- 
fore he hecame a lawyer, Judge Medlin 
worked as an orderly in Presbyterian Hospital. 

To live in hearts we leave behind, 
h not to die. 

—Thomas Campbell 


By G. B. Smith 

His spirit lives in every noble deed 
In love of country and of fellowmen; 

In reverence for our own and others' creed. 
In great words uttered or sent forth by pen. 

His life calls forth the good in every soul, 
The longing that war in all lands shall cease. 

His high ideals shall ever he our goal; 

He lives in brotherhood, in love, in peace. 

Sayings of Washington 

I shall never attempt to palliate my own 
foibles by exposing the error of another. 

A good moral character is the first essential 
in man. It is therefore highly important to 
endeavor to not only be learned but to be 

3n fHrmnriam 

Robert Stevenson 

At the meeting of Board of Managers 
of Presbyterian Hospital on January 18, 
1939, the following resolutions were 
adopted on the death of Robert Stevenson : 

The Board of the Presbyterian Hospi- 
tal of the City of Chicago desire to rec- 
ord the loss of their friend and fellow- 
manager, Robert Stevenson, and to ex- 
press their appreciation of his services to 
the hospital. 

Born at Chicago, June 25, 1878, he 
was graduated from Yale University with 
the class of 1900 and commenced his 
career with the family firm, Robert 
Stevenson &? Co., wholesale druggists, but 
soon entered the investment banking field 
where he continued for the rest of his 
life. During the World War he served 
as deputy food administrator for Illinois. 
A resident of Winnetka, he was active in 
civic matters and .it one time President of 
the Village Trustees. He was a member 
of our Board and of the Committee on 
House and Buildings for some fifteen 

Robert Stevenson had a genius for 
friendship. He loved his fellow man. We 
shall always remember him with affec- 
tion, and the Hospital will continue to 
reflect his hum, in interest and benevo- 

Wc direct that this brief tribute be 
spread upon our records, and a copy 
be sent to his wife and children. 

Kingman Douglass, Secretary 
John McKinlay, President 


Following the death of Dr. Edwin R.| 
LeCount of our Medical Staff, in 1935, 
Mrs. LeCount gave $1,000 to establish a 
blood transfusion fund. To this amount 
Miss Gracia M. F. Barnhart of Hinsdale 
added $400 in memory of her father 
and mother. A few small donations were 
received from others. On learning, a few 
days ago, that the entire fund had been 
exhausted, Miss Barnhart contributed 
$100 more. The fund is used to pay 
donors for blood transfusions given pa- 
tients who are unable to obtain a volun- 
teer donor with the right type of blood 
and who lack means to pay an outside 
donor. Additional contributions to this 
fund are needed greatly. 




Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 





FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable Edw. D. McDougal, Jr. 

Alfred T. Carton Fred A. Poor 

Philip R. Clarke Theodore A. Shaw 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Rev. John Timothy 
John B. Drake Stone. D.D. 

James B. Forqan, Jr. R. Douglas Stuart 

Albeit D. Farwell J. Hall Taylor 

Alfred E. Hamill John P. Welling 

Charles H. Hamill Edward F. Wilson 


Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 

Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 

Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 

Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 

VERNON C. DAVID, M.D President 


ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 





M. HELENA McMILLAN Director Emeritus 

MAY L. RUSSELL Dean and Acting Director 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital. 
physici<ns , Recobd c ' 

he Ptesi 

rM- Hospital 

v trie Gity ay Sk Lea gey 



Chicago, 111. 

March, 1939 

Vol. 31, No. 3 


Average of Six Free and 16 

Part-Pay Patients 

Admitted Daily 

Although contributions from churches 
and individuals, and income from hospital 
endowments amounted to less in 1938 
than for the preceding year, Presbyterian 
Hospital was called upon to provide more 
free care for needy sick persons in 1938 
than in 1937. Obviously such a program 
cannot be continued indefinitely and for 
this reason the hospital's annual appeal 
to the churches this Easter season carries 
an urgency which it is hoped will bring 
a liberal response. 

"I was sic\ and ye visited me not" is 
an indictment which none of us want to 
hear from the Master when we meet Him 
face to face. Visualise an army of more 
than 8,000 men, women, and children, 
many of them desperately ill, some seri- 
ously injured, all in need of care which 
only the hospital can provide. Here they 
come, an average of 22 for every day in 
the year. Six of the 22 are entirely with- 
out means to pay for hospitalization — the 
other 16 can pay only a part of the cost, 
some only a fraction of it. Which of 
these would YOU turn away? 

Back of each of these 22 patients 
who constituted Presbyterian Hospital's 
DAILY average of free and part-pay pa- 
tients admitted in 1938 was a well- 
authenticated story of physical need and 
lack of means to meet the expense in- 
volved. Our hospital met this challenge 
of sick and suffering humanity at a total 
cost of $171,680. In addition, members 
of our Medical Staff gave generously of 
their services to these needy patients. 

And on the morrow, he too\ out two 
shillings, and gave them to the host and 
said, "Ta\e care of him; and whatsoever 
thou spendest more, I, when I come bac\ 

again will repay thee." And 

Jesus said, "Go thou, and do li\ewise." 
Luke 10:35, 37. 

The little girl at the right was 
burned badly en her legs, when 
she went too close to a bonfire. 
That's why she has a "cradle" 
over her bed which keeps the 
covers from touching the burns 
while they heal. Below, three 
convalescent youngsters are smil- 
ing happily because the nurse 
has just arrived with ice cream 
for dessert. Being in the hos- 
pital means for many of our 
small patients better and more 
nourishing food than they get 
at any other time. 

Cheer Up beds endowed by 
the Easter and other offerings 
of Presbyterian Sunday Schools 
made it possible for the hospital 
to provide free care for 779 sick 
children last year. In addition, 
parents of 888 child patients 
paid only a part of the cost of 
care given, this being in many 
instances but a fraction of the 
total. The ninth Cheer Up bed 
endowment has been completed 
and this year's Easter offering 
will apply on the fund for Cheer 
Up Bed No. 10. 




Assist Work of Hospital 

Forty-two churches of the Chicago 
Presbytery sent representatives to serve 
on the Woman's Board of Presbyterian 
Hospital the past year. The board had a 
total enrollment of 250, including pas- 
tors 1 wives, honorary and non-resident 
members. Thirty-three new members 
were accepted and 15 members resigned 
during the year. Three churches were 
added to the list of those represented 
on the board — Albany Park, Clarendon 
Hills, and Clement Churches. 

Associate members were enrolled from 
22 churches. Miss Lucibel Dunham, who 
has been the efficient chairman of the 
associate membership committee for ten 
years, has been succeeded by Mrs. Ed- 
ward H. Smith for the coming year. Any 
woman who belongs to a Presbyterian 
Church may become an associate member 
on payment of dues of $1.00 or more per 

Death Takes Four Members 

The Woman's Board lost four valued 
members by death last year: Mrs. Fred- 
erick W. Crosby, honorary member, 
Lake Forest; Mrs. W. B. MacPherson, 
Rogers Park; Mrs. L. Hamilton McCor- 
mick, Fourth Church; and Mrs. Ethan 
Taylor, LaGrange. 

In addition to the Cheer Up bed fund 
and children's department described in 
separate articles, activities participated 
in by a large number of" church women 
in the interest of the hospital include: 
Tag Day in October, jelly and other 
delicacies donated for patients, sewing 
and knitting for the hospital and for 
needy patients, Thanksgiving offering, 
hospital Library and Social Service de- 

35 Churches Provide Taggers 

Thirty-five churches provided 314 volunteer 
taggers for Children's Benefit Tag Day, in 
October, according to the report of Mrs. W. 
R. Tucker, chairman. Total receipts were 
$1,446.86, from which was paid expenses of 
$55.00, leaving net receipts of $1,391.76 to 
help support a social worker in our children's 
department. This worker does much to pro- 
mote the welfare of child patients who receive 
free care in our Cheer Up beds. One of her 
principal tasks is to investigate the home situ- 
ation and assist parents in working out their 
problems so that the greatest possible benefit 
will result from the hospital care given the 
child. Steps are taken to improve unsatisfac- 
tory home conditions, see that suitable food 
and clothing arc provided and other needed 
adjustments made. 

Social Service Work 

The Social Service department is one of the 
principal projects of the Woman's Board and 


A Man upon a cross 

Above an ancient city, 

And two others close beside Him : 

Three men upon their crosses long ago, 

Their shadows fall across our paths; 

Two thieves, and One: a God. 

How came they there? But even more, 

How came they here? 

Other men have died as hard a death, 

But none have been as restless in their tombs — 

But, then, perhaps, that's what happens 

When you hang your God upon a tree! 

A cross, and death, and tombs, 

Mean nothing to a God. 

These two thousand years He moves about. 
When we are tired, or sore afraid, 
When we are lonely. bro\en hearted 
And hard pressed, it's here we find Him; 
7<{ot upon an ancient cross — 
But here beside us! 

— Russell L. Dicks 

its staff of medical social workers give much 
valuable service to both adult and child pa- 
tients. The total number of patients known to 
this department last year was 2,040. Home 
calls numbered 328 and office calls of patients 
totaled 6,688. Articles donated by church 
women and other friends for the use of needy 
patients totaled 2,239. Mrs. Mark Oliver is 
chairman of the Social Service committee. 
Volunteer workers gave a total of 716 hours 
of service in the department. 

Sew 17,666 Articles 

Church groups sewed and knitted a total of 
17,666 articles in 1938 for the use of the hos- 
pital and for distribution to needy patients. 
Two churches, Drexel Park and Trinity, re- 
turned work every month of the year. Three 
churches turned in over 1,000 articles each, 
Rogers Park leading with 1,828 pieces of 
sewing. Mrs. Anna St. Jean of Drexel Park 
Church returned more than 80 garments made 
by her own hands. Many donated garments 
are made over, and these, as well as new 
garments, are distributed by the Social Service 
department, the children's department of the 
hospital and the Baby Clinic at Central Free 
Dispensary. Mrs. John W. Bingham is chair- 
man and Mrs. William B. Neal is vice-chair- 
man of this committee. 

Thanksgiving Offering 

Mrs. W. B. McKeand, chairman of the 
Thanksgiving offering committee, reported that 
receipts from this year's offering totalled 
$668.00, which was somewhat less than in 
1937. Five church groups sponsored teas at 
which silver offerings were received. 

Offerings also were received from several 
groups that did not hold teas and from many 
individuals. Mrs. Kellogg Speed, vice-chairman 
of the committee, assisted in arranging the 
teas, which were in charge of the various 
church chairmen. 

Collect 23,000 Soap Wrappers 

As has been the custom for many years, 
board members saved American Family soap 
wrappers, which were exchanged for silver for 
use in the first floor dining rooms of the hos- 
pital. Coupons from Gold Medal Products 
were collected last year also. Mrs. Cameron 
Barber, chairman of the silver committee, re- 
ports that 23,000 soap wrappers and 3,000 
coupons have been exchanged for: 16 dozen 
tea spoons: 5 dozen dessert spoons, 2'/2 dozen 
finks; and 2 dozen knives. 


One of the many children cared for in. 
our Cheer Up beds the past year wasj 
Joan, a little girl four and a half years 
old, who came to us in a very serious* 
condition as a result of scarlet fever fol- 
lowed by pneumonia and an infection in i 
both ears. 

She had been cared for in the muni- 
cipal hospital for contagious diseases and I 
later in another hospital. After hert 
return home she continued to lose weight, 
did not care to eat, and could not rest 
properly because of fever and cough. 
She was admitted to Presbyterian Hos- 
pital in February (1938) and remained 
here until August. Investigation by our' 
Social Service department revealed that 
she had been living in one dark room 
with her mother, older sister, and baby 
brother. The mother was not well and 
arrangements were made for her to at' 
tend a clinic where it was found she had 
ulcers of the stomach. Diet management 
was started and arrangements made to 
provide the mother with a more bright 
and cheerful home. 

When Joan was ready to leave the hos' 
pital in August, her own mother still was 
ill and arrangements were made to have 
Joan go to the home of a boarding 
mother who was skilled in the care of 
convalescent children. Here she continued 
to improve and learned to do things for 
herself. Late in September she came back 
to hospital to have her tonsils removed. 
By this time her mother was well enough 
to take care of Joan and she was returned 
to her own home, a happy and changed 
little girl. The mother also had become 
an entirely different person. Joan entered 
kindergarten in February of this year, a 
normal happy youngster. But for the 
Cheer Up beds endowed by Presbyterian 
Sunday School children, Joan could not 
have been given the weeks and months of 
hospital care which saved her life and 
brought back her health. 

Not all of our Cheer Up bed patients 
require the prolonged care that was 
needed by Joan, but many of them must 
remain with us for a number of weeks. 
Often these children come to us not only 
suffering from some acute illness but in 
art under-nourished condition which can 
be overcome only by weeks of good food 
and loving care. 

Mrs. John P. Mcntzer, chairman of the 
delicacies committee, reports donations of: 11 
jars of jam; 11 quarts of grape juice; 119 cans 
of fruit: $242.00 for fresh fruit; and 5,660 
glasses of jelly. This was a smaller amount 
than was given the previous year and it is 
hoped that donations will be increased during 
the present year. 

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©jv tke Gityo-y ©kicagcy 



Chicago, 111. 

April, 1939 

Vol. 31, No. 4 




Rush Banquet Is on June 13 

Another reunion of former Presbyteri- 
an interns and residents is to be held this 
year on June 12 in connection with the 
annual two-day clinic program for Rush 

! Medical College Alumni. Presbyterian 
Hospital Alumni members will be guests 
of the hospital at luncheon on Monday, 
June 12, and a reunion dinner will be 
held that evening at a downtown hotel 

i to be announced later. The Rush Alumni 
dinner will take place on Tuesday night. 

Of especial interest is the announce- 
ment that four graduates of Rush Medi- 
cal College who have won distinction m 
their respective fields are coming from a 
distance to take part in the clinic pro- 
gram. Three of these served internships 
in Presbyterian Hospital as follows : 

Dr. Russell Wilder, now professor of 
medicine in the University of Minnesota 
Post'Graduate School at the Mayo Clinic, 
Rochester; completed internship here in 
1912 and was resident physician for 
three years following. 

Dr. Fred M. Smith, professor and head 
of the department of theory and practice 
of medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa 
City; intern 1914-16. 

Dr. George M. Curtis, head of the de- 
partment of research surgery, Ohio State 
University; intern 1921 '22. 

The fourth distinguished out-of-town 
i Rush graduate on the clinic program did 
not intern in Presbyterian Hospital but 
will be a welcome visitor at the reunion. 
jl He is Dr. Waltman Walter, professor of 
surgery in the University of Minnesota 
I Post-Graduate School at the Mayo Clinic. 

Many other well-known former interns 

are expected from a distance. Dr. George 

I H. Coleman is president of the Alumni 

Association formed a year ago, and Dr. 

Gatewood Gatewood is president-elect. 


Mrs. William f. 
Dickson and son, 
Donald T elf er Dick- 
son, who was the 
17,000th baby born 
in Presbyterian 
Hospital. This his- 
toric event took 
place at 8:00 P.M. 
on March 18, 1939. 
As had been an- 
nounced previously, 
the baby was pre- 
sented with a $100 
U. S. baby bond, 
the gift of hospital 

17,000 th Baby Is Grandson of Missionary ] 

Donald Telfer Dickson, 17,000th baby born in Presbyterian Hospital, is the first 
son and third child of Mr. and Mrs. Dickson, who have two daughters — Barbara, age 
5, and Deborah, two and a half. The Dicksons reside in Oak Park. Mr. Dickson is 
head of the employee relations department at the Western Electric Company. 

On the maternal side, he is a grandson of the late Rev. Frank W. Bible, Presby- 
terian missionary in China for 18 years and a secretary of the Board of Foreign Mis- 
sions in this country from 1923 until his death in 1937. Mrs. Bible makes her home 
in Oak Park. Mrs. Dickson was born in China. 
In addition to the 17,000 babies who 

had begun life under the hospital roof 
up to March 19, 1939, 20,261 had been 
born in homes under the auspices of the 
Out -Patient Department maintained 
jointly by the hospital, Central Free Dis- 
pensary and Rush Medical College — a 
grand total of 37,261 babies assisted 
into the world by Presbyterian Hospital! 

That life begins safely in the hospital 

and in homes served by the out-obstetrical 
staff is proven by the fact that in the 
last 6,071 live births prior to March 19 
in both hospital and homes, only five 
maternal deaths occurred — a rate of less 
than one per 1,000 live births as com- 
pared to the Chicago rate of 2.7 per 
1,000 in 193S and the national rate of 
J.8 per 1,000 in 1935 (the latest national 
statistics available). 




Mothers and Daughters, Too 

In connection with the report of recent 
capping exercises of the School of Nurs- 
ing at which four preliminary students 
received their nurses' caps from sisters 
who are graduates or upper classmen m 
the school, it is interesting to note that 
3? sister twosomes and one group of four 
sisters are among the alumnae and present 
student body. 

The "Quads" were "Quints" for a 
short time hut romance lured Alice 
Melges (1940) away to become a bride 
recently. Helen Melges, now Mrs. Doehr- 
ing, graduated in 1926; Esther Melges 
and Grace Melges Scott graduated in 
1929, and Lois Melges expects to gradu- 
ate in 1940. 

Dr. O. W. Tulisalo, father of 
who is shown in the picture with her 
mother, is on the resident staff of the 
hospital for special study at present after 
having successfully practiced general 
medicine in Rockford, 111. for a number 
of years. He completed an internship 
here in 1918. 

Other Mothers and Daughters 

Helen Dunlap, daughter of the late 
Clemence Lucken Dunlap (1916) is in 
the new class that entered this month. 
Maude Langston Metcalf (1907) has 
given two daughters to the school and 
the nursing profession — Sarah Metcalf 

(1932) and Mary Ann Metcalf Ham- 
merstrom (1935). Jean Mackenzie 

(1935) now Mrs. Nason, is a daughter 
of Rachel Blanchard Mackenzie, member 
of the first class graduated by the school 
in 1906. 

Two of the new students entering this 
month are sisters of alumnae — Mary Jane 
Dcuth, sister of Marjorie Deuth Stewart 

(1933) and Ruth Hassinen, sister of 
Dorothy Hassinen (1933). Alice Mc 
Kelvey who received her cap at recent 
exercises is a sister of Evelyn McKelvey 
(1931). In addition to these and those 
shown in the picture on page 3, the fol- 
lowing sister twosomes are listed as 

Edith Bronson Jones (1907) and Flora Bran- 
son Ferguson (1919) 
Blanch Titus Phelps (1910) and Ha*e] Titus 

Ghoreyeb (191 T) 
Minnie Chisholm Briggs and Nell Chisholm 

McCreery (both 1916) 
Edna Braun (1916) and Ruth Braun Franz 

Sarah Hibbert Kirman (1911)* and Ruth 

Hibbert Knoble (1917 
Edith Ferris DcBarry (1909) and Gcraldinc 

Ferris Fulton (1918) 
Winnifred Gasteyer Creevy (1918) and Rett., 

Gastcycr (1922) 


Miss Frances Seegmiller, graduate of 
the School of Nursing and a member 
of the faculty for several years, resigned 
early this year to accept a position at 
Iowa Methodist Hospital in Des Moines. 
The April issue of the Iowa Methodist 
Hospitals News contains a picture of 
Miss Seegmiller together with the follow- 
ing announcement: 

"Miss Frances Seegmiller, graduate of the 
School of Nursing of Presbyterian Hospital of 
Chicago, joined us on February 1 as assistant 
superintendent of nurses. Miss Seegmiller's 
home is in Grand Rapids, Michigan. She 
came to us direct from Presbyterian Hospital 
where she was medical floor supervisor. Iowa 
Methodist Hospital feels itself fortunate to 
secure the services of one of such valuable 
experience and from an institution of such 
high standing in the hospital world." 

Mrs. Madelon Reeves was appointed to 

fill the vacancy at Presbyterian. 

3n iflpmortaut 

Twelve different states are represented 
in the spring class of 40 students which 
entered the School of Nursing this month. 
Registrations are now being received for 
the September class. The spring clas:. 
brings the school enrollment up to 172. 

Jessie and Mum Levanger (both 1918) 
Mary Dalrymplc Huffmgton (1918) and 

Henrietta Dalrymple Wood (1919) 
Mable Render Sutherland (1919) and Idella 

Render Christy (1921)* 
Carmen fernquist Molenkopf (1920) and 

Norma Jcrnquist Anderson (1923) 
Edna Burgess (1914) and Dorothy Burgess 

Ruth Gasmann (1921) and Ella Gasmann 

Curry (1922) 
Fcnna Van Vcssem Ten Have (1922) and 

Gertrude Van Vessem (1932) 
Colette Zoller Patterson (1922) and Frances 

Zoller (1927) 
Ha;el and Margaret Altman (both 192?) 
Florence Carlson Holmquist (1918) and 

Frances Carlson Sproul (192?) 
Dorothea Ellikcr (1924) and Erna Ellikcr 

Edwards ( 192?) 
Freda Damerow Axtcll (1926) and Edna 

Damerow (1927) 
Ida M. Gifford Windaw and Nella M. Gilford 

Perman (both 1929) 
Ellen Louise McCumbcr (1931) and Anna- 
bet h McCumber Brooks (1932) 
Ruth and Violet Wilson (both 1932) 
Vortex Walker Bouma (1925) and Esther 

Walker (1933) 
Bertha Gaecklc (1928) and Edith Gaecklc 

Doris Helbing (1931) and Margaret Hclbing 

Joy (1932 
Ethel Owen Castrodalc and Lois Owen Lee- 
son (both 1933) 
Ruth Tombaugh Kuhn (1933) and Hazel 

Tombaugh Wallace (1934) 
Ethlecn Goodbrake and Vivian Goodhrake 

Rushton (both 1934) 

lid. Hole ■ If any sister twosomes have been 
omitted, it was unintentional and the 
editor should be notified. 

Edward Tyler Blair 

Edward Tyler Blair, a pioneer resident 
of Chicago, and former member of the 
Board of Managers of Presbyterian Hos- 
pital, died January 18, 1939 at his home, 
1516 Lake Shore Drive. He was 81 years 
old. Mr. Blair was the son of William 
Blair, one of the incorporators of the 
Presbyterian Hospital and a member of 
the Board of Managers from 1883 to 
1899. The Blair home in which Edward 
T. Blair was born m 1857 was located I 
on the site now occupied by the Congress 

Mr. Blair spent his entire life in Chicago. 
He was graduated from Yale Univensty in 
1879, returning here to become a member of 
William Blair & Co., a hardware company 
established by his father in 1842. The compa- 
ny was sold in 1888, both father and son 
retiring from business. In later years Mr. Blair 
became known as an authority on history, 
publishing a number of books, including sev- 
eral brochures on Chicago. 

In 188 2 Mr. Blair married Miss Ruby Mc- 
Cormick, daughter of William Sanderson Mc 
Cormick and Mary Ann Grigsby McCormick. 
Mrs. Blair was an active member of the 
Woman's Board of Presbyterian Hospital for 
a number of years and founder of the Contri- 
butors' Fund. She died some years ago. 

Edward T. Blair was a member of the hos- 
pital Board of Managers from 1897 to 1906. 
In 1898 he and his father presented the hospi- 
tal with its first "X-ray outfit," as it was then 
called. This gift made it possible for Presby- 
terian Hospital to offer to its patients the 
benefits of X-ray within three years after 
Roentgen's discovery. Ours was the second 
hospital in Chicago to be provided with X-ray 
equipment. Mr. Blair and his mother later 
endowed a room in memory of his father, 
William Blair. 

Surviving Mr. Blair arc two daughters, Miss 
Edith Blair of Paris, and Mrs. Howard Linn 
of Chicago: two sons, William McCormick 
Blair and Seymour Blair of Chicago: and three 
grandsons, Edward McCormick Blair, William 
McCormick Blair, Jr., and Bowen Blair, all 
sons of William McCormick Blair. 

Mrs. H. B. Stehman 

Friends in Chicago have received word 
of the recent death in Pasadena, Calif, of 
Mrs. H. B. Stehman, widow of Dr. Henry 
B. Stehman, superintendent of Presbyte- 
rian Hospital from 1885 to 1900. It was 
under the wise direction of Dr. Stehman 
that the Hospital which had been opened 
to patients in 1884, became firmly estab- 
lished and the building greatly enlarged. 


Mr. George McHardy, tenor, and Miss Betty 
Lund, reader, gave an entertaining program in 
the hospital chapel on Saturday afternoon, 
Mar. 2 5. The program was one of a series for 
convalescent patients and visitors, arranged by 
Mrs. Clement L. Pollock, chairman of thc 
entertainmenl committee of the Woman's 

Sisters Cap Sisters at School of ^lSursing Exercises 

, f , . 

| A- ; 



Mrs. Ernest E. Irons, president of the 
Woman's Board of the hospital, and 
former member of School of Nursing 
faculty, was the speaker at the capping 
exercises held on Mar. 24. Miss Mary 
Pierce sang the "Capping Song." Miss 
Lois Geerds (1938) was at the piano for 
the processional and recessional songs. 
Miss May L. Russell, acting director of 
the school, accepted the preliminary class 
and conducted the ceremonies in which 
paps were presented and candles lighted 
by upper classmen. 

In her address, Mrs. Irons pointed out the 
strides that have been made in nursing educa- 
tion and nursing technique since she gradu- 
ated from Lakeside Hospital School of Cleve- 
land (now the Frances Payne Bolton School 
of Western Research University) and shortly 
afterward, in 1904, became a head nurse in 
Presbyterian hospital and instructor in the 

Received Nurses' Caps 

Students who received caps at this service 
were : 

Catherine Adams, Chicago, 111. 
Mary Allfree, Wilmette, 111. 
Rosemary Andresen, Hixton, Wis. 
Bertha Beetham, Lancaster, Wis. 
Shirley Borchardt, Chicago, 111. 
Emily Corboy, Hoopeston, 111. 
Arline Creeger. Luverne, Minn. 
Lillian Goldie Decker, Hoopeston, 111 
Beth Dexheimer, Spencer, S. Dak. 
Isabelle Ditton, Earl Park, Ind. 
Heggie Erickson, Woodhull, 111. 

Included in the 1941 class of 77 students 
who were "capped" at recent exercises of the 
School of Nursing were four students who 
received their nurses' caps from older sisters 
who are either recent graduates or upper 
classmen. In the picture with the group of 
sister twosomes is a mother graduate present 
to see her daughter capped although she did 
not do the honors herself in the exercises. 

Front row, left to right — Jane Schmidt, 
Eleanor W uerding, Laila Tulisalo, Bonnie 
Jean Cruickshank, and Eva Marie Simolin 
(all in class of 1941). 

Back row, left to right — Dixie Schmidt 
(1937), Georgia Wuerding (1940), Mrs. O. 
W. Tulisalo (Doris Patterson, 1917), Bar- 
bara Cruickshank (1939), and Vianna 
Simolin (1938). 

Dorothea Ernest, Hammond, Ind. 
Daphne Gretzinger, Kend'allville, Ind. 
Lucile George, Monticello, la. 
Marian Helming, Waukon, la. 
Jean Hoge, Fond du Lac, Wis. 
Elizabeth Holmgren, Ames, la. 
Natalie Iddings, Kendallvillc, Ind. 
Pearl Jamison, Seymour, la. 
Jayn Kassner, Winnetka, 111. 
Mildred Legveld, Northfield, Minn. 
Eleanor Miller, Kokomo, Ind. 
Kathleen Phillips, Northfield, Minn. 
Helen Quick, Williamsfield, 111. 
Eleanor Rust, Chicago, 111. 
Thflma Rozean, La Porte, Ind. 
Eva Simolin, Eveleth, Minn. 
Jean Smith, Rockford, 111. 
Delmara Sollis, Chariton, la. 
Genevieve Staskey, Chicago, 111 
Laila Tulisalo, Chicago, 111. 
Maribel Weckerly, Delphi, Ind 
Ruth Wylder, Morrison, 111. 
Tane Schmidt, Cissna Park, 111. 
Eleanor Weurding, Morrison, 111 
Gwendolyn Killelea, Highland Park, 111. 
Kathryn Meyer, Lake Linden, Mich. 


Members of the Presbyterian Hospital 
Medical Staff and School of Nursing 
faculty and nursing staff who took part 
m the program of the recent institute for 
nurses held m West Side Medical Center 
institutions included: Dr. Edwin M. 
Miller, Dr. Adnen Verbrugghen, Dr. J. 
M. Dorsey, Dr. Carl Apfelbach, Dr. 
Evans Pernokis, Dr. R. L. Kesler, Miss 
May L. Russell, Miss Astrid Lund and 
Miss Louise Morley. The two-day insti- 
tute which had an aggregate attendance 
of 1,800 nurses was sponsored by the pri- 
vate duty section of the First District 
Illinois State Nurses' Association. 

Three hundred institute visitors were guests 
of private duty nurses of Presbyterian Hospi- 
tal at a delightful tea held in Sprague Home 
auditorium Friday afternoon, Mar. 31. 


Interns who have completed their serv- 
ices since January 1 are: Dr. Josephine 
Chapin, Dr. Carl W. Olander, Dr. 
Fred Jensen and Dr. E. S. Burge. Dr. 
Alfred G. Schult; has completed his 
period of service as resident in ophthal 

New interns arc: Dr. Harriette Hunter, 
Dr. Richard P. Morns, Dr. John Henry 
Rosenow, Dr. Kasabach and Dr, 
J. T. Armstrong. 

Alumnae Play at Chicago Woman's Club Theatre 
on May 1 and 2 Is Benefit for Mary Byrne Fund 

Seven nurses and five interns will take part in a benefit play to he given at the 
Chicago Woman's Club theatre, May 1 and 2 at 8:15 P.M. under the auspices of 
the Alumnae Association of the School of Nursing. Proceeds will be added to the 
Mary Byrne Fund, which is the Alumnae plan to provide hospital care for members 
who join the Fund. Thus far the income from the endowment and the fees paid by 
members have not been sufficient to meet the cost of care provided, hence, it is neces- 
sary to raise additional funds for this purpose. 

The play selected is a three-act farce "Wedding Spells" and Mr. Tom Hargis, an 
experienced director, is coaching the cast, 

made up as follows: 

Billie, a mysterious girl, Hila Richards 

Reeves, a gentleman's gentleman. Dr. G. 

Steve Alien, an adventurer, Dr. Ralph 

Charlie Cooney, his occasional friend. Dr. 
E. L. Smith 

Mrs. Julia Pettingill, a widow, Esther Bach- 


ica Wayne, a charming gi 



Frances Brown, another charming girl, Jane 
Clark (Virginia Davis, second performance) 

Niki Murphy, another one, Mrs. Margaret 

Ruth Auburn, another one, Mildred 

Blake, a cop, Dr. Michael O'Heeron 

Sigsbee Sullivan, from Alabama, Dr. C. B. 
Davis, Jr. 

Mrs. Gay, a fretful mother, Kathryn 

Dr. Frank W. VanKirk, Jr. is stage man- 
ager and Mrs. Marcella Kurtz is chairman of 
the committee in charge of arrangements, 
other members being: Gertrude McCord, 
Maxine McCormick, Esther Bachman, Kathryn 
Troscher, Alma May Stewart, May Dunlap 
and Florence Ames Coon. 

Tickets at 75c each may be obtained from 
any member of the committee or at the nurses' 
office on the first floor of the hospital. Plays 
given in the past by the Alumnae Association 
have met with the approval of large audiences 
and this year's production promises to outdo 
past performances. 


Dr. Frank V. Theis addressed the March 
meeting of the Du Page County Medical 
Society at Hinsdale on the topic, "Differential 
Diagnosis and Treatment of Peripheral Dis- 
ease of the Extremities." 

Dr. W. O. Thompson presented a paper 
before the Toledo (Ohio) Academy of Medi- 
cine, March 10, on "Recent Therapeutic 
Advances in Endocrinology." 

At the meeting of the Chicago Ophthal- 
mological Society, Mar. 20, Dr. Bertha Klicn 
gave a paper on "Concerning the Dictyoma 





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At the meeting of the Will-Grundv County 
Medical Society in Jolict, Mar. 24, Di I C 
Gatewood spoke on "Jaundice- Its Causation 
and Clinical Study." ' 


The Committee on Awardment of the 
Annual Prise of the Chicago Surgical 
Society has announced this year's prise 
winner is Dr. Raymond F. Hedm of the 
Presbyterian Hospital resident staff, who 
submitted a paper on "Polypoid Disease 
of the Colon — Two Proposed Surgical 
Procedures, including the Description of 
a Colonoscope." The committee was 
composed of Dr. Charles E. Kalke, Dr. 
Lester R. Dragstreet and Dr. Kellogg 
Speed. Seven papers were submitted. 
Judgment was based on originality, clini- 
cal and surgical value of the thesis, 
throughness of investigation, arrangement 
of the paper as a whole, perspective, and 
balance shown by the author in his ana- 
lysis and deductions. The judges did not 
know the names of the authors until after 
their decision was announced. Their com- 
ment concerning Paper No. 5 (by Dr. 
Hedm) was as follows: 

"This paper is well written and pre- 
sents an excellent survey of literature. 
In addition, a new instrument has been 
devised for examining the reaches of the 
colon and for the fulguration of polyps in 
the entire colon. It presents an original 
contribution of what seems to be of 
definite clinical value. The author has 
not allowed his enthusiasm over his theme 
to blind him to the potential dangers 
incident to use of his colonoscope." 

Dr. Robert Herbst was the guest speaker 
on urology at the annual spring meeting of 
the Dallas Southern Clinical Society, in 
Dallas, Texas, Mar. 13-17. 

Dr. Gatewood aldressed the boys of t 
Highland Park high school in February on " 
Surgeon Looks at His Ancestors." 

On Mar. 30, Dr. Gatewood spoke < 
"Lesions of the Small Intestine Exclusive 
Carcinoma." before the Central District Mc< 
cal Association at Rock Island, 111. 

Dr. Willard L. Wood spoke from WJJD, 
Mar. 7, on "Rheumatism." Dr. E. W. Hagens 
gave a talk on WAAF, Mar. 31, on "Severe 
Deafness in Childhood." 


Both talks were gi\ 


>S ol 

the Educational Committee of the Illinois State 
Medical Society. 


On May 1 from 2 :00 to 5 :00 P.M. in 
Sprague Home auditorium will take place 
the annual benefit bridge party sponsored 
by the School of Nursing committee of 
the Woman's Board. Proceeds will be 
used to provide scholarships, library books 
and a music director for the school. 
Music will be furnished by the student 
chorus and tea will be served at four 
o'clock. Mrs. Alva A. Knight is chair- 
man and Mrs. Edwin M. Miller, vice- 
chairman of the committee. 



Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 





FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable Edw. D. McDougal, Jr. 

Alfred T. Carton Fred A. Poor 

Philip R. Clarke Theodore A. Shaw 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Rev. John Timothy 
John B. Drake Stone. D.D. 

James B. Forgan, Jr. R. Douglas Stuart 

Albert D. Farwell J. Hall Taylor 

Alfred E. Hamill John P. Welling 

Charles H. Hamill Edward F. Wilson 


Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 
Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 
Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 
Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 

VERNON C. DAVID, M.D. President 


ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 




M. HELENA McMILLAN Director Emeritus 

MAY L. RUSSELL Dean and Acting Director 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital. 

fie fteshyf iam lospte 


v trie City cy Gkicago' 



l Chicago, 111. 

May, 1939 

Vol. 31, No. 5 


Hospital Emergency Department 

Always Ready to Treat 

Accident Victims 

When a person who has been injured 
in any way comes or is brought to the 
emergency department of Presbyterian 
Hospital, he or she is seen promptly by 

j a resident surgeon, who makes a prelimi- 
nary examination and administers such 

: first aid as may be needed. Many of 
these injured persons do not require hos- 
pitalization because of the minor nature 
of their injuries. In all cases of serious 

: injury every facility of the hospital is 
available without delay and regardless of 

: financial considerations. Attending sur- 
geons are on call whenever needed, day 
or night. 

Injuries resulting from falls brought 

imore persons to Presbyterian Hospital 
for emergency treatment last year than 

^any other one type of accident. Auto- 
mobile accidents were a close second. 

'■ Twenty-nine percent of the accident 
cases treated in the hospital emergency 
room were the result of falls, while 23.2 

•were the result of automobile accidents. 
Fractures were the most frequent type of 
injury caused by both falls and traffic 
accidents, with cuts, bruises, sprains and 
shock among the other injuries resulting 
from these accidents. In many instances 
the same patient was suffering from two 
or more different kinds of injuries. This 
often is true in cases of persons injured in 
automobile accidents. 

The miracle accident of the year was 
that in which a two-year old child fell 
out of a fourth-story window onto a 
paved areaway. The child was hurried 
to the hospital, where it was found that 
no bones had been broken and no injury 
sustained aside from shock. After being 
<kept under observation in the hospital 
until all possibility of concussion was 
past, the youngster was discharged 
(Continued on Page 2, Col. 1) 

Splints of Every Kind Available Here 

In the above picture are shown only a few of the 106 different kinds of splints kept on 
hand in the Presbyterian Hospital splint room. At the left and back of the table on which 
the splints are displayed, some of the frames and other accessories for fracture beds are 
pictured. Splints kept on hand include 49 types for upper extremities, 46 for lower extremi- 
ties, and 11 splints and other apparatus for fractures of the vertebrae. There are 76 different 
accessories for fracture beds. Mr. Didace AuCoin, shown at the right, has had charge of our 
splint room for six years, and has invented many devices which facilitate the convenience and 
usefulness of fracture apparatus. Mr. AuCoin also is responsible for keeping all anesthetic gas 
equipment in the hospital in good order. He has been employed in the hospital 19 years. 

Interest Mounts in 1939 Reunion of Ex-Interns 

Interest in the 1939 reunion of former Presbyterian Hospital interns and resident 
doctors is mounting higher each day. Present indications are that on June 12, the 
hospital will be the scene of a foregathering of medical men and women from all 
parts of the country. 

The reunion is part of a two-day program which includes Rush Alumni clinics 
on both days, interns' reunion luncheon in the hospital Monday, June 12, at 1:00, 
reunion dinner with an hilarious program at the Knickerbocker Hotel at 6:30, Monday 
night; and the Rush Alumni banquet at the Palmer House at 6:30, Tuesday night. 

Four distinguished graduates of Rush Medical College are to take part m the 
clinic program. Of these, three are former Presbyterian interns — Dr. Russell Wilder 
of the Mayo Foundation; Dr. Fred M. Smith, Iowa State University College of 
Medicine; and Dr. George M. Curtis, Ohio State University College of Medicine. 
Dr. Waltman Walters of the Mayo Foundation is the other out-of-town Rush grad- 
uate on the clinic program. 


(Continued from Page 1, Col. 1) 
practically as good as new. Another two- 
year-old managed to escape with only a 
cut on the forehead when he fell down- 
stairs. But a 20-month-old baby frac- 
tured an elbow in a fall from a chair to 
the floor, and a four-year-old suffered 
a skull fracture in a fall down cement 

Burns and scalds take much toll among 
young children. One small patient stepped 
into a pan of boiling water and burned a 
foot and ankle badly. Another upset a stew- 
pan of hot tomatoes, sustaining severe burns, 
and one little girl was in the hospital many 
weeks because she got too close to a bonfire. 
One adult patient was burned badly in a 
water heater explosion, and two were burned 
while lighting gas ovens. Several patients 
were cut while opening bottles or using knives 
for ordinary purposes. One patient stepped 
on a nail and another ran a nail through his 
hand. One man cut his hand while putting 
glass in a door. 

Many Things Cause Falls 

All sorts of things cause people to fall. 
It's a good idea to keep your shoe laces tied, 
especially if you want to do some sprinting. 
If you don't believe it, ask the man who 
tripped on a shoe lace while running across 
the street, fell and sprained an arm. A cat 
was another patient's Waterloo. He fell over 
the animal and broke his arm. 

"Watch your step" is more than a trite 
admonition which "L" guards and street car 
conductors repeat routinely. It is a rule 
which all of us ought to observe everywhere 
at all times, if accident records of hospitals 
are any criterion. Tripping over articles on 
floors and stairs, slipping on ice, on highly 
polished floors, or on loose rugs are frequent 
causes of falls. Hurry and carelessness in go- 
ing up and down stairs result in many dis- 
abling injuries. People also fall from chairs 
and boxes used as substitutes for stepladders, 
and a fall from a rickety stepladder is not 

Pedestrians Are -Careless 

Pedestrians struck by automobiles while 
crossing the street are brought into our emer- 
gency room frequently. Sometimes the in- 
juries are slight; often they are extensive and 
serious. Each such accident is a warning to 
the rest of us to be more careful when cross- 
ing the street, even if we have to lose several 
minutes waiting until the way is clear. Recent 
studies of the National Safety Council in 28 
states showed that at least two-thirds of the 
pedestrians involved in fatal motor vehicle 
accidents were committing a traffic violation 
or engaged in some obviously unsafe act. 

Hopping rides on automobiles and trucks, 
and automobile-bicycle collisions were among 
the other causes of injuries which brought 
patients to our hospital emergency room. 

Must Report to Police 

Hospitals arc required to furnish to the 
Police Department, within twelve hours after 
admission, reports concerning every patient 
suffering from severe injury of any kind. II 
an injured person dies as the result ol an 
accident, a report must be sent to the coroner 
promptly. Aside from the brief data required 
in such reports, no information is given out 
by the hospital except as authorized by the 
patient or members of the family. Repre- 
sentatives ol insurance companies are not 
permitted to examine the hospital records 
without the written permission of the patient 
hi In- ,ii i i edited representative and the attend- 
ing doctor. 




Careful Treatment is Essential 

An accident victim, who has been un- 
conscious or dazed for even a short time 
should be suspected of having a brain 
injury or concussion, according to Dr. 
Adrien Verbrugghen, neuro-surgeon on 
the Presbyterian Hospital Medical Staff. 
Transportation should be delayed, no 
stimulants given, and the injured person 
kept as warm and comfortable as possi- 
ble while lying m a horizontal position 
until the arrival of the doctor or ambu- 

Head injuries are greatly on the in- 
crease, largely due to automobile acci- 
dents, but in recent years advances in 
neuro-surgery have reduced considerably 
the mortality rate from such injuries. 
Careful observation of the patient from 
the time he is injured and conservative 
management as regards operative proce- 
dures are credited with helping to lessen 
the mortality rate. 

A fractured skull does not always involve a 
brain injury and, on the other hand, serious 
damage may be done to the brain without 
fracturing the skull. Cases in which the skull 
is depressed into the brain usually have to be 
operated at once. 

Even in the most trivial cases of head in- 
jury, the patient must be carefully observed 
from hour to hour, as his condition changes 
rapidly, and the significance of each change 
must be carefully weighed. Because after- 
effects of head injuries sometimes prove serious 
it is now felt that patients having even minor 
degrees of such injuries should be kept in bed 
for three weeks or longer. 

U. S. WAS 95,000 LIVES 

AND 9,200,000 INJURED 

Preliminary statistics compiled by the ! 
National Safety Council indicate that j 
95,000 persons were killed and 9,200,000 
persons were injured in accidents during 
1938. The total economic loss is estimated 
at $3,200,000,000. Huge as was the 1938 
accident toll, it was the lowest recorded 
since 193 3 and a 10 percent improve- 
ment over 1937. 

Of the 95,000 accidental deaths, 32,000 
were caused by motor vehicles, which also 
were responsible for injuries to 1,100,000 per- 
sons. On the basis of studies made in several 1 
cities it is estimated that 19 percent, or 209,- 
000 of those injured by motor vehicles re- 
quired hospitalization, charges for which 
amounted to at least $20,000,000. Studies ■! 
also have revealed that hospitals average col- 
lecting only 50 percent of charges incurred by 
auto accident patients. In addition, hospitals 
gave free first aid care to many thousands 
whose injuries did not require hospitalization. 
Medical service given to both out- and in- 
patients, who failed to pay the fees of attend- 
ing physicians and surgeons, probably equalled 
or exceeded the total amount of unpaid hos- 
pital bills. 

To the millions of dollars of unpaid 
charges for care of auto accident patients, 
doctors and hospitals of the United States 
were called upon to take care of thousands of 
persons injured in other types of accidents, 
many of whom lacked means to pay the 
charges. Much of this burden is carried by 
voluntary hospitals which must look to public 
generosity to help take care of resultant oper- 
ating deficits. 


Presbyterian Hospital provides ambulance 
service when desired to transport injured and 
other patients to the hospital or to their homes 
from the hospital. Ambulance trips numbered 
214 last year. However, many of the acci- 
dent patients are brought to the hospital in 
private cars, taxis, or police ambulances. 




Use Varied Procedures and 

Apparatus — First Aid 

Splinting Urged 

The study of the bony structure of 
the body is one of the oldest and most 
familiar branches of anatomical research 
and yet there is no branch of modern 
surgery in which greater strides have 
been made in recent years than that hav- 
ing to do with the correction of ortho- 
pedic defects and the reduction and 
treatment of fractures. 

It isn't any more fun to have a broken 
leg, a dislocated hip, or a crushed ankle 
than it ever was but the chances of be- 
ing made as goodas new are far better 
than in the past, even in the case of a 
person of advanced years. There is less 
risk now that the broken leg will be 
shorter than its fellow when the healing 
process has been completed, that the 
broken wrist will be stiff, or that other 
fractured members will be deformed in 
some way. Provided, the fracture receives 
the prompt attention of a capable surgeon 
and that no additional injury has been 
inflicted in the process of transportation. 

"Splint 'Em Where They Lie" 

In any case of severe fracture it is better 
to rush a doctor to the patient than to rush 
the patient to the doctor or hospital. The 
Fracure Exhibit Committee of the American 
Medical Association states in its Primer on 
Fractures : 

"Early splinting and application of traction 
will lessen deformity, decrease shock, and 
make complete reduction of fragments easier. 
The main fault of emergency treatment is 
that it is not applied soon enough. The in- 
jured person is picked up and transported to 
home or hospital without regard to the frac- 
ture. Many patients arrive, unsplinted, at the 
hospital with one or more inches of shorten- 
ing and an angulated thigh from overriding 
fragments. That these deformities are unneces- 
sary is proved by the few patients who arrive 
with the extremity immobilised in a Thomas 

Continuing, the Primer recommends that 
all physicians carry emergency fracture equip- 
ment in their automobiles and that all ambu- 
lances be so equipped. "Splint 'em where they 
lie," is the basic rule laid down by fracture 

Dr. Kellogg Speed of the Presbyterian Hos- 
pital Surgical Staff is chairman of the Ameri- 
can Medical Association committee which pre- 
pared the "Primer on Fractures." Dr. Speed 
also assisted in preparing the text for the 
American Red Cross First Aid Textbook, 
which sounds the following warning: 

"Do not be hurried into moving an injured 
person. Very few cases require breakneck 
speed. Necessary first aid should always be 
given and any tight clothing loosened before 
the patient is moved. Except when his face 
is red and body hot, he should be covered 
with a blanket or otherwise to keep him 
warm during transportation. 

"Usually when an accident happens along 
a street or highway, the victim is literally 

Demonstrate First Aid Splinting 

In the above posed picture, Dr. E. W. Fox, house surgeon, and Dr. W. C. Mumler, 
intern, are shown with a young man who is acting the role of an accident victim on whose 
fractured leg a Thomas splint has been placed as a first aid measure at the scene of the 
accidnt. Similar splints are used for arm fractures. The American Medical Association urges 
that all doctors carry such equipment in their cars and that ambulances be so equipped. In 
cases of severe fracture it is better to defer transportation of the patient until a doctor or 
ambulance arrives to "splint 'em where they lie," as moving such a patient who has not had 
first aid splinting may cause irreparable damage. 

thrown into the nearest automobile and 
driven at wild speed to a hospital. This is a 
very serious mistake, and many deaths have 
resulted from this rough kind of handling, 
when proper transportation would have saved 
the person." 

First Aid Knowledge Valuable 

The Red Cross Textbook contains illustrated 
directions for giving first aid in all kinds of 
injuries, and tells how to improvise splints 
and traction when fracture is suspected, how 
to improvise stretchers and carry out safe 
procedures in moving an injured person. It 
would be an excellent plan if every motorist 
carried a copy of this book in his car, to- 
gether with a small first aid kit. It would be 
even better if more people had practical train- 
ing in first aid which is provided in classes 
conducted for the laity by the Red Cross in 
Chicago and other communities having local 
chapters. Comprehensive training in all phases 
of first aid is included in the course of instruc- 
tion in the School of Nursing of Presbyterian 

In all cases of apparent or suspected frac- 
ture brought to the Presbyterian Hospital, 
X-ray films and fluoroscopy are utilized 
promptly to confirm or rule out the prelimi- 
nary diagnosis. If there is a fracture, X-ray 
guides the surgeon in the work of fitting to- 
gether the fragments of the broken bone or 
bones. Local or general anesthesia often is 
used while this is being done. 

"Suspension Traction" 

"Suspension traction" is now recognized as 
the best method for accomplishing satisfactory 
reduction and healing of fractures of the ex- 
tremities. This can be carried out efficiently 
in the hospital with what is known as frac- 
ture bed equipment. The specially constructed 
frame over the bed makes it possible to attach 
the pulleys and weights needed to suspend 
the fractured leg in suitable position and pro- 
vide sufficient traction to accomplish the 
desired results. (See picture on page 2) 

Plaster now applied in the form of a 
plaster bandaging, makes a solid incasement 
just as did the old-style plaster, but is much 
easier to apply both for the patient and the 

Fracture of the neck of the femur (hip 
bone), fracture of the upper end of the 
humerus (upper arm), and compression frac- 
ture of the spine are among the types of 
fractures which may require a portion of the 
body to be incased in immobilization plaster. 
A few years ago a "broken back" or "broken 
neck" usually resulted either in death within 
a few hours or complete helplessness during 
the remainder of one's life. Unless the spinal 
cord itself is severed or severely injured this 
dire result now can be prevented in many 
cases. The fracture specialist of today knows 
how to reduce a fracture of the spine and 
incase the patient's trunk in a cast applied to 
provide the necessary hypertension. In cases 
of injury to the spinal cord, the neuro-surgeon 
often is able to work with the bone surgeon 
in bringing about complete recovery. 

When it appears that a person has sustained 
a spinal injury great care must be observed 
in handling him. No attempt should be made 
to get the patient to stand up or sit up. A 
blanket should be spread on the ground and 
the patient rolled on it face downward and 
carried or transported to the hospital in this 

In all cases of fracture. X-ray is used not 
only for the initial diagnosis but as a means 
of checking the healing process. In some 
instances it is necessary to make this X-ray 
check daily in the early stages of treatment, 
while in other cases it is done less often. 

Recovering from a fracture of any kind is 
a tedious process involving more or less 
inconvenience and suffering. Even a broken 
phalanx in a finger requires immobilization 
for three or more weeks and little use of the 
member for a considerable time. Patience and 
a willingness to accept the judgment of the 
attending surgeon are necessary if one wants 
to avoid deformity and future trouble in the 
case of any fracture. 


Presbyterian Hospital was host to two 
clinical meetings in April. On Apr. 27, 
an operative and demonstration program 
was presented for the members of the 
Chicago Urological Society. The gyneco- 
logical and obstetrical staff held an oper- 
ative and demonstration clinic on Apr. 
2 1 for members of the Chicago Gyneco- 
logical Society. Visitors were guests of 
the hospital at luncheon on both days. 


At the meeting of the Chicago Pediatric 
Society, Apr. 11, Dr. Bert I. Beverly, gave a 
talk on "Habit Formation." 

Dr. E. W. Pernokis addressed the Bureau 
County Medical Society, Apr. 11, on "Ab- 
normal Varieties of White Corpuscles and 
Their Clinical Significance." 

On Apr. 4, Dr. Gatewood addressed the 
Medical Staff of Highland Park Hospital on 
"Lesions of the Small Intestine, exclusive of 

Dr. Ernest E. Irons and Dr. Peter Bassoe 
gave lectures at the School of Tropical Medi- 
cine at San Juan, Puerto Rico, in February. 

Dr. James W. Merricks was one of the 
speakers at the evening scientific meeting of 
the Chicago Urological Society, Apr. 27, his 
topic being "Urologic Compilations of Regional 

Dr. Heyworth N. Sanford gave two ad- 
dresses before the spring clinics of the St. 
Joseph Clinical Society, St. Joseph, Mo., Mar. 
28 and 29. His topics were "Jaundice of the 
Newborn" and "Some Observations on Dis- 
turbances of Blood Coagulation." 


The editor's attention has been called 
to several sister twosomes who are grad- 
uates of our School of Nursing and whose 
names were inadvertently omitted from 
the list published in the April Bulletin. 
Please accept our apologies and if any 
others were omitted the editor will 
appreciate receiving this information. 

Those who have been reported thus 
far are: 
Gwynaeth Porter (1922) and Mildred Porter 

Dingle (1925) 
Bertha Bennett and Ella Bennett Lande 

both 1919) 
Eunice A. Fenimore (1923) and Janet Feni- 

more Korngold (1924) 
Delia M. Lampe (1924) and Ellen Lampe 

Woodruff (1929) 
Mary Agnes High Boudry (1926) and Jane 

High Barton (19 24) 
Dorothy Ellis Van Gorp (1924) and Eleanor 

Ellis (1929) 

Elizabeth Smith (1928) and Ruth Smith 

Grace Hubbard (1930) and Jeanette Hub- 
bard (1933) 

These additions make a total of 43 
sister twosomes who are graduates or now 
are students in the School of Nursing. 


Miss Charlotte F. Landt, president of the 
Alumnae Association of the School of Nurs- 
ing of Presbyterian Hospital, and assistant to 
the director of Cook County Hospital School 
of Nursing, addressed one of the general ses- 
sions at the convention of the National 
League of Nursing Education, held in New 
Orleans, Apr. 22-25. Her topic was "Prob- 
lems of the Postgraduate Course in Nursing 
as Related to the Hospital School." Thirteen 
Alumnae of the Presbyterian school met for 
breakfast during the convention. 


Scenes like this, 
which was photo- 
graphed at the 1938 
reunion, will be re- 
peated on June 12, 
when another big re- 
union of former in- 
terns and residents 
will be held. Our 
chef promises to "do 
his stuff" even more 
generously at this 
year's reunion lunch- 
eon, when visitors 
and staff members 
will be guests of the 
hospital. In the pic- 
ture, left to right are: 
Dr. Harvey A. Tyler 
(1889-90), Dr. W.C. 
F. Witte (1896-98), 
and Dr. Rudolph 
Holmes (1894-95). 


With large audiences and outstanding per 
formance on the part of every member of the 
cast, the benefit play presented by nurses and 
interns on May 1 and 2 at the Chicago I 
Woman's Club theatre was a great success. 
Delightful music was furnished both evenings 
by a trio made up of Miss Lucile George, 
pianist; Miss Miriam Fairbanks, cello; andi 
Miss Diantha Warfel, violin. 

On behalf of the Alumnae Association of 
School of Nursing, Miss Charlotte F. Landt, 
president, has asked the Bulletin to extend 
sincere thanks to all who helped to make the 
play a success. Proceeds of over $300 will 
be added to the Mary Byrne Fund, which 
provides hospital care for nurses who be- 
come ill. 




Telephone: Seeley 7171 









...Vice-President • 



.Asst. Secretary 
..Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable 
Alfred T. Carton 
Philip R. Clarke 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
John B. Drake 
James B. Forgan, J 
Albert D. Farwell 
Alfred E. Hamill 
Charles H. Hamill 

Edw. D. McDougal, Jr 
Fred A. Poor 
Theodore A. Shaw 
Rev. John Timothy 

Stone. D.D. 
R. Douglas Stuart 
J. Hall Taylor 
John P. Welling 
Edward F. Wilson 


Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 
Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 
Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 
Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 



ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 




M. HELENA McMILLAN Director Emeritus 

MAY L. RUSSELL Dean and Acting Director 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital. 

k .*£ v, 

fie telyfiart JHtospfta 

ofy trie City cyy ©klcago' 



Chicago, 111. 

June, 1939 

Vol. 31, No. 6 




Honored at A. M. A. Meeting 

Dr. James B. Herrick, a member of the 
Presbyterian Hospital Medical Staff since 
1891, received the American Medical 
Association Distinguished Service Award 

i for outstanding work in the field of medi- 
cine, at the association's recent conven- 
tion in St. Louis. Because of the system 

I of selection this award is recognized as 
one of the most important within the 
gift of the association. After nomina- 

I tions are made through the Distinguished 

I Service Award Committee, five names 
are submitted to the Board of Trustees, 
who select three to be voted on by the 
House of Delegates. The other nominees 
this year were Dr. Chevalier Jackson of 
Philadelphia and Dr. Edward Jackson of 

Born in Oak Park in 1861, Dr. Herrick 
received his A.B. Degree from the Uni- 
versity of Michigan in 1882, and his 
M.D. Degree from Rush Medical College 
in 1888. He was an active member of 
Rush faculty from 1890 to 1927 and is 
now professor emeritus in the department 
of medicine. He was an attending physi- 
cian on hospital staff from 1895 to 1919, 
since which time he has been a consult- 
ing physician. 

Is Heart Specialist 

Dr. Herrick is regarded as one of the 
foremost heart specialists of the country. 
His research on coronary thrombosis and 
his many published articles are credited 
with having done more to force clinical 
recognition of the condition and stimu- 
late clinical and experimental study than 
all other writings on that subject.* 

Many important professional offices 
have been held by Dr. Herrick. He was 
the founder and first president of the 
Chicago Society of Internal Medicine, 
has been president of the American Asso- 
ciation of Physicians, and of the Institute 



of Medicine of Chicago; and a member 
of the Judicial Council of the American 
Medical Association. He is a member of 
the New York Academy of Medicine and 
has received honorary degrees from the 
University of Michigan and University 
of Chicago. In 1930 he received the 
Kober medal of the American Associa- 
tion of Physicians for Research and 
Scientific Medicine. 

It was through Dr. Herrick's efforts 
that Chicago's first electrocardiograph 
was installed in Presbyterian Hospital in 
1913, the gift of the late Mrs. Cyrus 
McCormick, Sr. Mrs. McCormick also 
presented the hospital with an improved 
model in 1915 and provided a substantial 
sum for research in heart disease. It was 
with the aid of these instruments that 
Dr. Herrick made his first notable dis- 
coveries about coronary thrombosis and 
started on the trail which has brought 
fame to himself and immeasurable benefit 
to humanity. 




At Other Conventions Also 

* A. M. A. Jov 

Eleven members of the Presbyterian 
Hospital Medical Staff were on the pro- 
gram of the recent American Medical 
Association convention in St. Louis. The 
staff also was well represented on pro- 
grams of other national professional 
groups, and at the convention of the Illi- 
nois State Medical Society at Rockford 
early in May. 

At the A.M. A. convention, Dr. Ernest 
E. Irons was moderator of a panel discus- 
sion on pneumonia. Dr. Kellogg Speed 
was chairman of the fracture exhibit and 
Dr. Clayton J. Lundy, chairman of one 
of the exhibits on heart disease. Those 
who presented papers before the various 
sections were: 

Section on Laryngology, Otology and Rhi- 
nology — Dr. George E. Shambaugh, Jr. 

Section on Pharmacology and Therapeutics 
— Dr. Willard O. Thompson and Dr. Norris 
J. Heckel. 

Section on Urology — Dr. H. L. Kretschmer 
and Dr. R. C. Brown. 

Section on Orthopedic Surgery — Dr. Elven 
J. Berkheiser. 

Section on Pediatrics — Dr. Heyworth N. 
Sanford. Discussion opened by Dr. Clifford 
G. Grulee. 

Staff members who lead discussions in- 
cluded: Dr. Edward D. Allen, Section 
on Obstetrics and Gynecology; Dr. James 
H. Mitchell, Section on Dermatology and 

Well-known former Presbyterian in- 
terns on the convention program in- 
cluded: Dr. Franklin Farman of Los 
Angeles; Dr. Evarts A. Graham of St. 
Louis; Dr. E. C. Rosenow and Dr. 
Hamilton Mongomery, Mayo Clinic. 

Dr. Herman L. Kretschmer was re- 
elected treasurer of the association. 
(Continued on page 4, col. 2) 



Dr. Gatewood 

On May 22, 1939, without warning, 
Dr. Gatewood died suddenly from heart 
disease at his home in Highland Park, 
Illinois. He was only 5 1 years of age and 
in the height of his surgical career carry- 
ing easily the many responsibilities of 
practitioner, teacher, and investigator in 
a way that gained him the respect and 
admiration of all who came in contact 
with him. One of the greatest tributes 
that comes to a busy man is the confi- 
dence and affection of his young asso- 
ciates. Dr. Gatewood gave of himself 
freely to young men, many of whom 
idealized him. He was also highly es- 
teemed by his contemporaries who found 
him always ready and willing to help in 
the matters of hospital organization, col- 
lege teaching, and special interests m the 
institutions in which he worked. 

Dr. Gatewood had a high degree of scien- 
tific honesty with the consequence that his 
publications were regarded as sound and 
worthwhile by the discerning. Gatewood's 
devotion to the indigent sick at the Cook 
County Hospital and Central Free Dispensary 
was never perfunctory. As attending man at 
these institutions he developed a large per- 
sona! following of those who though devoid 
of worldly goods recognized him as a sur- 
geon who did great deeds. His work on hypo- 
spadias and undescended testicle and trans- 
plantation of the ureters in extrophy of the 
bladder, while working in the Children's 
Wards of the County Hospital, not only 
gained him many grateful patients but set a 
high degre.e of efficiency in these difficult fields. 

Dr. Gatewood did not rest his interests in 
medicine alone but for many years was active 
in the civic affairs of his community, serving 
as a member of the School Board in Highland 
Park and as a member of the Board of 
Visitors of Ohio State University, his alma 

These many tributes to Gatewood's char- 
acter may seem gratuitous and fullsome, and 
indeed they do not picture the man himself 
whose kindly disposition and evidence of 
latent resources instantly impressed one with 
the soundness of his character. He will be 
sadly missed by those of us who knew him 
well and who had great faith in him. 

Dr. Gatewood was born in Stockport, Ohio, 
October 11, 1887, the son of Dr. Wesley 
Emmett and Annie L. Pierrot Gatewood. His 
preliminary education was received in the 
schools of Nashville, Tenn. He received his 
A.B. degree in 1907 and M.A. degree in 1910 
from Ohio State University and graduated 
from Rush Medical College in 1911. After 
,in internship in the Presbyterian Hospital he 
became the associate of Dr. Arthur Dean 
Bevan with whom he worked as assistant and 
associate until Dr. Bevan retired, when he 
succeeded to his service and was made Pre 
fessor of Surgery at Rush Medical College of 
the University of Chicago and Attending 
Surgeon at the Presbyterian Hospital. During 
these twenty-live years Dr. Gatewood was an 
excellent and active teacher and contributor 
to surgical literature, his major interest being 
in surgery oi the stomach. In addition to his 
mi mbership in the American Medical Asso- 
ciation and affiliated societies, he was an offi- 


cer and member of the Council of the Chicago 
Surgical Society, the Institute of Medicine, a 
fellow of the American College of Surgeons 
and a member of the Board of Governors, a 
member of the American Surgical Association, 
the Western Surgical Association, and a mem- 
ber of the Founders Group of the American 
Board of Surgery. 

Without doubt, Gatewood's greatest joy 
was in his family where with Mrs. Gatewood 
he enjoyed the companionship of two daugh- 
ters and a son. 

Dr. Gatewood's life was contained and able 
and he will be long remembered as a real 
man, a friend, and a first class surgeon. 

Vernon C. David, M.D. 


Medical Staff members and former interns, 
here for the annual reunion, paid tribute to 
the late Dr. Gatewood at a memorial service 
in the hospital chapel, June 13. The service 
was opened by Dr. Emmet B. Bay, dean of 
Rush Medical College, who spoke appropri- 
ately after which short talks were made by 
Dr. Arthur Dean Bevan, Dr. Ernest E. Irons, 
Dr. Vernon C. David and Dr. Erhard W. Fox. 


Deceased in 1938-39 
Both Dr. Slaymaker and Dr. Gatewood 
were former Presbyterian interns. Other for- 
mer interns whose deaths have been reported 
recently are: 

Granville T. Twining (1910), Mobridge, 

S. D. 
Golder L. McWhorter (1913), Chicago 
Eilef A. Smedal (1916), LaCrossc, Wis. 
Arthur Teninga (1918), Chicago 
Samuel M. Crcsswcll (1926), Tacoma, Wash. 
Ralph E. LeMaster (1931), Marion, Ind. 


Harvey S. Thatcher (1918), Little Rock, 

Dr. Slaymaker 

Samuel Robert Slaymaker died on 
May 3, 1939, following an exploratory 
operation for inoperable tumor of the 
pancreas, at the age of seventy-five years. 
He graduated from Beloit College in 
1888 and from Rush Medical College in 
1892, and then served a year of intern- 
ship m the Presbyterian Hospital (1892- 
93). He became instructor in physiology 
in Rush in 1896, and shortly afterward 1 
instructor in medicine. From 1919 on,^ 
he was clinical professor of medicine. 

He was a member of the Associate Medical 
Staff of the Presbyterian Hospital, and a 
member and president of the Medical Staff of j 
Washington Boulevard Hospital. For twenty i 
years he served on the Attending Staff of the 
Cook County Hospital where his service was 
among those most eagerly sought by the in- 
terns. He served with distinction in the medi- 
cal department of the Army during the World 

Dr. Slaymaker's contribution to medical 
education was as a teacher rather than as a 
writer. His clinics at the County Hospital and 
at Rush were popular with the students, 
chiefly by reason of his ability to explain, and ! 
to make information stick. In recent years he 
devoted most of his teaching effort to the stu- 
dents and interns at Washington Boulevard 
Hospital and to the heart clinic in Central 
Free Dispensary. 

He was an excellent diagnostician, judicial I 
in temperament, and greatly beloved by his 
patients. He was extremely modest, kindly, 
and always careful to avoid causing pain or 
embarrassment to anyone. No one, however, , 
had stronger principles of right and honesty. 
His judgment of men whom he regarded as 
having violated those principles was severe, 
though masked by his ever present kindliness. 

He was somewhat of a stoic, and one rarely 
heard him refer to his own troubles. On one 
occasion several years ago, when he fell from 
a horse in the Southwest, he refused exami- 
nation, though evidently in some pain, and 
it was only on our return to Chicago that an 
X-ray disclosed five fractured ribs. This per- 
sonal reticence may in part explain the ap- 
parent suddenness of onset of his last illness. 

We shall always remember Dr. Slaymaker 
as an able and conscientious physician, an 
inspiring teacher, and a beloved and faithful 

Ernest E. Irons, M.D. 

Not in Vain 

If I can stop one heart from breaking, 

I shall not live in vain; 

If I can ease one life the aching, 

Or cool one pain, 

Or help one feUowman, 

Until he's well again 

I .shall not live m vain. 

— Adapted from a poem by 
Emily Dickinson 




1884 Intern Attends Luncheon 

It was December, 1884. L. H. Prince, 
first and at that time the only intern in 
Presbyterian Hospital, found his task 
rather strenuous when combined with his 
studies at Rush Medical College, from 
which he had not yet graduated. Adam 
E. Kauffman, another Rush student, was 
invited by hospital authorities to take 
over some of the intern work. He was 
called an "extern" because he did not 
live in the hospital. 

On June 12, 1939, Dr. Adam E. 
Kauffman of Leesburg, Fla. was present 
at the reunion luncheon in the hospital 
dining rooms, attended by 150 doctors 
from a dozen different states, who had 
served internships or residencies m spe- 
cial branches of medicine in the hospital. 
Dr. Kauffman, who is 83, was on a Car- 
ribean cruise a few weeks ago, when an 
illness caused by stomach ulcer led him 
to fly to Chicago to enter Presbyterian 
Hospital for treatment. He was dis- 
charged from the hospital on June 2, but 
decided to remain in the city and attend 
the reunion. Being on a milk diet, he 
could not enjoy the sumptuous array of 
food prepared by our chef and served 
buffet style, and did not feel up to at- 
tending the reunion dinner at the 

Dr. Prince Sends Regrets 

Dr. Prince, now living in retirement at 
Kiln, Miss., sent a message expressing regret 
at his inability to be present because of ill - 
health. Dr. Joseph F. Smith of Wausau, Wis., 
who was in charge of the first X-ray machine 
installed in 1898, had planned to come but 
illness in his family prevented. Dr. John 
Calene, Aberdeen, Wash., came the greatest 

More than 200 former and present interns, 
resident doctors, and Medical Staff members 
attended the reunion dinner at the Knicker- 
bocker Hotel. Dr. George H. Coleman, presi- 
dent of the Presbyterian Hospital Alumni 
Association, composed of about 700 former 
interns and residents, was toastmaster. Those 
called on for brief responses included Dr. N. 
S. Heaney, Dr. R. C. Brown, Dr. Carl Davis, 
Dr. Wilber Post, Dr. Peter Bassoe, Dr. Kel- 
logg Speed, Dr. J. H. Mitchell, and Dr. L. 
W. Avery of the Medical Staff; Dr. Harry 
W. Horn, Wichita, Kans.; Dr. George Curtis, 
Columbus, O.: Dr. Russell Wilder and Dr. 
Waltman Walters, Rochester, Minn.: Dr. 
Robert L. Kerrigan, Michigan City, Ind.: Dr. 
A. C. Ivy, Northwestern University Medical 
School; and Dr. Linn F. McBride, Washing- 
ton Boulevard Hospital. An amusing program 
of skits was presented by members of the 
present intern and resident staff. 

Officers were elected as follows: president, 

Electrocardiograph — Then and Now 

A bore, Chicago's first electrocardiograph 
which was presented to Presbyterian Hos- 
pital in 1913 by Mrs. Cyrus McCormick, Sr. 
It was imported from Berlin. Despite its 
crude appearance and the fact that it was 
operated by storage batteries, Dr. James B. 
Herrick made some of his first important 
discoveries with the aid of this instrument 
and its successor, which was imported from 
England in 1915. The second instrument 
also was a gift from Mrs. McCormick. Dr. 
Linn F. McBride, 1913 intern on Dr. Her- 
rick's service, is shown in picture. 

In striking contrast to the cumbersome in- 
strument installed in 1913 is our present 
electrocardiograph shown at the right. 

Miss Mildred Mancl is now the technician 
in this department having succeeded the 
worker shown in the picture. Dr. Charles M. 
Bacon is in charge of the department. 


The electrocardiograph makes the heart 
write. In other words it makes photographic 
tracings of the action of the heart by ampli- 
fying the very weak current generated by the 
heart action, and magnifying the moving 
shadow caused by the up and down move- 
ment of a galvanometer string, which is 
connected to electrodes placed in proper posi- 
tion on the patient's body. The finished pic- 
ture is called an electrocardiogram. 

Dr. Linn F. McBride; president-elect, Dr. Carl 
A. Dragstedt, Northwestern University Medi- 
cal School; secretary-treasurer, Dr. John M. 

Dure It - Fox 

Dr. Erhard W. Fox, resident surgeon in the 
hospital, and Miss Ellen Durch were married 
on May 18 at the home of the former's 
parents. Mrs. Fox is a graduate of Ancker 
Hospital School of Nursing in St. Paul. Minn, 
and was on our nursing staff for a year and 
a half. 

DeYoung - Roesch 

Miss Lucy DeYoung and Mr. Marvin 
Roesch were married at Huron, S. Dak. on 
May 6. Miss DeYoung, who graduated from 
our School of Nursing in the fall of 1937, 
had been the efficient supervisor in charge of 
the maternity nursery since December 1937. 
The couple will live in South Dakota. 


An interesting account of the work of 
Westminister Center was given by Dr. 
A. R. Hickman at the Woman's Board 
meeting on May 1. The Center, which 
is maintained at the Third Presbyterian 
Church, provides recreational, social, and 
religious activities for students in this 
area. Weekly play night, drama, speech, 
forum and other clubs, and city tours 
are among the projects sponsored by the 
Center. Leaders in activities at the 
Center include several students from the 
Presbyterian Hospital School of Nursing. 

Begins 40th Year 

Mr. Asa S. Bacon, superintendent, 
spoke at the meeting of the Woman's 
Board on June 5, and stated that just 40 
years ago he had attended a meeting of 
the Ladies Aid Society, his first after be- 
coming a member of the hospital execu- 
tive staff on June 1, 1900. The organiza- 
tion changed its name to Woman's Board 
about 30 years ago. Present at the meet- 
ing on June 5 were three members who 
had attended the meeting 40 years pre- 
vious — Mrs. David W. Graham, Mrs. 
George R. Nichols and Mrs. Lincoln M. 

Mr. Bacon said that the Ladies Aid Society 
had 132 active members in 1900. Its present 
membership is 2 50, including representatives 
from 41 churches. 

Pointing out that the declining birth rate 
emphasizes the importance of saving the lives 
of babies and children Mr. Bacon urged the 
need of additional endowments for the mater- 
nity and children's departments of the hos- 
pital. The former has no endowments. The 
Babies Alumni Fund now being accumulated 
by the Woman's Board is to be used for the 
support of a free bed in the maternity ward 
but this enterprise is still in its infancy. 

Jelly Donations 

Mrs. J. P. Mentzer, chairman of the Delica- 
cies committee, urged board members to enlist 
the interest of church women and other 
friends in making jelly for the hospital this 
summer. Empty glasses may be obtained from 
the hospital housekeeper. 

Miss Lindem to Return 

Mrs. Wilber E. Post, chairman of the 
Library committee, announced that Miss 
Selma Lindem, hospital librarian, will return 
to her duties here on July 1, after spending 
six months in New York City organizing a 
hospital library project under the auspices of 
the Junior League. The board gave a vote of 
thanks to Mrs, Virginia Bonnici for her effi- 
cient service as librarian during Miss Lindcm's 

The next meeting of the board will be in 


The Rev. E. N. Ware, former hospital 
chaplain, and Mrs. Ware observed their 50th 
wedding anniversary on May 21 at their 
home, 1430 Howard Street. Dr. Ware retired 
a year ago after serving as chaplain here for 
26 years. 


At a recent meeting of the Medical Staff 
)fficers were elected as follows: 
President— Dr. Wilber E. Post 
First Vice-Pres.— Dr. Arthur H. Parmelee 
Second Vice-Pres. — Dr. Edward D. Allen 
Secretary-Treasurer — Dr. William G. Hibbs 


(Continued from page 1, col. 3) 
At the annual meeting of the American 
Association for Traumatic Surgery, in 
Hot Springs, Va., Dr. Kellogg Speed 
gave the presidential address and Dr. 
Albert H. Montgomery led the discussion 
of a paper on "Fat Embolism." Dr. 
Vernon C. David, a fellow of the asso- 
ciation attended the meeting. 

Association of Military Surgeons 

Dr. Frank V. Theis represented the Illinois 
National Guard at the Association of Military 
Surgeons of the United States, in Washing- 
ton, D. C, May 7-14. The International 
Association of Military Surgeons which met 
concurrently was attended by surgeons from 
32 different countries. Delegates visited the 
Army Medical School' at Carlisle, Pa. and saw 
demonstrations of new equipment including a 
complete mobile operating room and X-ray 

At the American Pediatric Society meeting 
held at Skytop, Pa., recently, Dr. Clifford G. 
Grulee delivered the presidential address on 
"Problems of the Newborn." Dr. H. N. San- 
ford, who is editor and recorder of the Society, 
also participated in the meeting. 

An exhibit on the care of premature infants 
was arranged by our pediatric department at 
the Illinois State Medical Association conven- 
tion in Rockford. Miss Louise Morley, chil- 
dren's floor supervisor, was in charge of the 
exhibit, which included an incubator cubicle 
identical with those designed by and recently 
installed in Presbyterian Hospital. Several 
staff members were on the program at this 

At the annual meeting of the American 
Board of Urology held at White Sulphur 
Springs, May 27, 28, Dr. H. L. Kretschmcr 
was re-elected president of the board. 

In addition to the American Medical Asso- 
ciation convention, recent meetings at which 
Dr. W. O. Thompson presented papers in- 
cluded the Marshall County Medical Society. 
Marshalltown. la.; Champaign County Medi- 
cal Society, Champaign, 111.; American Asso- 
ciation for the Study of Goiter, Cincinnati, 
O.; and Ontario Medical Association, Hamil- 
ton, Ont. Dr. Thompson and Dr. N. J. 
Heckel presented a paper before the Ameri- 
can Association for the Study of Internal 
Secretions, May 12, at St. Louis. 

Dr. Ncckel was one of the speakers at the 
annual meeting of the American Association 
of Genito-Urinary Surgeons, May 24-29, at 
Williamsburg, Va. and attended the meeting 
of the American Urological Association at 
White Sulphur Springs, W. Va. 

Dr. J. H. Mitchell was the guest speaker 
at a meeting of the Bureau County Medical 
Society on May 9. 

Dr. L. C. Gatewood addressed the Kan- 
kakee County Medical Society meeting on 
May 11. 


The June meeting of the Chicago 
Presbytery was held in the auditorium of j 
the Sprague Home for Nurses, Monday, j 
June 13. Rev. H. W. Johnstone, moder- 
ator presided. Mr. John McKinlay, presi- 
dent of the Board of Managers; Mr. 
Bacon, superintendent, and the Rev. i 
Russell L. Dicks, chaplain, greeted the 
Presbytery members on behalf of the hos- 
pital. At the conclusion of the meeting 
the visitors were guests of the hospital 
at luncheon. 



Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 





FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable Edw. D. McDougal, Jr. 

Alfred T. Carton Fred A. Poor 

Philip R. Clarke Theodore A. Shaw 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Rev. John Timothy 
John B. Drake Stone. D.D. 

James B. Forgan, Jr. R. Douglas Stuart 

Albert D. Farwell J. Hall Taylor 

Alfred E. Hamill John P. Welling 

Charles H. Hamill Edward F. Wilson 


Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 
Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 
Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 
Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 

VERNON C. DAVID, M.D President 


ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 





M. HELENA McMILLAN Director Emeritus 

MAY L. RUSSELL Dean and Acting Director 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital. 

The Presbytia! Hospita 

0"v tks Glty ay Skicagc^ 



Chicago, 111. 

July -August, 1939 

Vol. 31, No. 7 




Prepared by Trained Staff 

Eight women work full time and six 
student nurses work two hours daily (as 
part of their training) to take care of 
the sterile supply needs of Presbyterian 
Hospital patients. Dressings of various 
kinds and numerous other articles are 
prepared in this department. Those used 
on the nursing floors are sent to the large 
sterilizing room, returned to the sterile 
supply room and dispatched to the dif- 
ferent floors each morning on requisitions 
made out by head nurse and O.KLd by 
the nurses' office. Supplies used in the 
operating rooms are sterilized in that de- 
partment after being prepared in the 
• sterile supply room. 

Fifty 100 -yard bolts of gauze are cut 
up each week to make bandages and 
dressings of various sizes and for various 
purposes. Cutting is done on an electric 
machine which cuts through three bolts 
of gauze at one time. Bandages include 
the "Bevan" rollers which are one yard 
wide and five yards long, thus named be- 
cause for Dr. Arthur Dean Bevan 
originated their use many years ago. 
Three-ply four-inch rollers in three and 
five yard lengths, 18x1 8-inch Lewis dres- 
sings, and 9x1 0-inch plain dressings are 
among the other dresings prepared in the 
sterile supply room. Lewis dressings are 
so called because they are folded in a 
special way designed by Dr. Dean Lewis. 

"Hypo" sponges are made of a small 
piece of gauze, folded in a special way. 
These are dipped in alcohol and used to 
wipe off the skin area into which a hypo 
needle is to be plunged for injections of 
any kind, also when blood is to be drawn 
for tests, and for other sterile purposes. 
These tiny gauze sponges are packed in 
small bags, 100 to 200 in each bag, for 
sterilizing, and remain in the bags until 
taken out to be used by nurses or interns. 
An average of eight bags is required 


It's thirteen rather than three bags full, and the contents aren't wool but dressings and 
other sterile supplies used in the care of patients every day in Presbyterian Hospital. Scenes 
like the above may be witnessed each morning when workers assemble supplies in accordance 
with requisitions from the nursing department, checking the requisition sheets as items are 
placed in bags. Workers shown are, left to right: Mrs. Cynthia Franklin, Mrs. Isabelle Mc- 
Guire, and Mrs. Anna W. Lake, head of the department. 

daily. "Clysis" sets, consisting of towels and 
gauze squares are assembled, wrapped, and 
sterilized for use at blood transfusions. 

Folded gauze dressings, 4x4 inches, are 
wrapped in brown paper and then placed in 
bags to be sterilized. The average daily supply 
is 200. Rubber gloves are wrapped in gauze 
and sterilized, the gauze wrapping remaining 
on them until the doctors and nurses are 
ready to put them on in the operating and 
examining rooms or when attending patients 
at the bedside. 

Pads of various sizes for outside dressings 
and tor various other uses are made of layers 
of cotton covered with gauze. Applicators in 
three sizes are made by winding cotton on 
one end of hardwood toothpicks and larger 
sticks bought for the purpose. Five different 
kinds of binders, slings of different sizes and 
kinds, eye shields to hold bandages in place, 
and "stoop wringers," in which nurses wring 
boiled dressings for eyes, are among the 
articles made in our sewing room and folded, 
wrapped and otherwise prepared in the 
sterile supply room before being sent to the 

Ice Coils are Made 

Among the most novel articles made here 
are the ice coils used in treating certain heart 
conditions. These are made by fastening coiled 
rubber tubing to a square of rubber sheeting, 
with several feet of loose tubing at each end 
of the coil. One end of this tubing is 
attached to an elevated pail containing ice 
water, and the other end is placed in a pail 
on the floor. The ice water from the elevated 
p.ul runs slowly through the coil and out into 
the lower pail, keeping the coil ice cold at all 
times. The coil is very light in weight and 
for this reason is preferable to an ordinary 
ice bag in some cases. 

Towels for use in the milk laboratory and 
for numerous other sterile uses arc sent to 
the sterile supply room from the laundry, 
folded, wrapped, placed in bags, and sent to 
the sterilizers. Covers for hot water bags, ice 
bags and eelctric hot pads, celluwipe paper 
tissues, and adhesive supplies of different kinds 
arc other articles distributed from the sterile 
supply room. 




Valued as Hospital Employe 

Running an elevator from 1 1 o'clock 
at night until seven o'clock m the morn- 
ing might prove monotonous to some 
people after doing it for 25 years hut to 
Charles W. Thompson it's an oppor- 
tunity to earn a livelihood despite physi- 
cal handicap and be a part of an institu- 
tion in which he received treatment 
thirty years ago, which rescued him from 
remaining a hopeless cripple. For five 
years before he was assigned to his present 
job, Mr. Thompson was day operator on 
the front elevator and during the World 
War, he worked a good many double 
shifts on the hospital elevators because 
of the frequent turnover of elevator em- 
ployes resulting from enlistments of 
young men in Army and Navy, some of 
whom joined Unit 13 of the Overseas 
Medical Corps which was recruited en- 
tirely from Presbyterian Hospital's med- 
ical staff, nursing and other personnel. 

Caring for the sick was the chosen career 
of Charles W. Thompson when he joined the 
U. S. Army hospital corps as a young man. 
After three years of service in an army hos- 
pital, he did nursing in civilian institutions. 
It was while working in a hospital in Duluth 
that he contracted from a patient a virulent 
type of streptococci infection. Doctors in 
that institution succeeded m saving his life 
hut were unable to prevent his becoming 
badly crippled. He was advised to come to 
Chicago to consult Dr. Arthur Dean Bevan 
and subsequently entered Presbyterian Hos- 
pital as a patient. After a series of opera- 
tions and many months in plaster casts he 
emerged minus one leg and with a stiff knee- 
joint in the other leg, but otherwise as good 
as new. His fortitude, iridominatable will, 
and other character assets became known to 
hospital authorities during his long period of 
hospitalization, and when a vacancy occurred 
on the hospital elevator operators'' staff short- 
ly after his discharge as a patient, Mr. 
Thompson was offered the position. That was 
thirty years ago this fall. 

Makes Plaster Bandages 

Something more than fifteen years ago, the 
hospital undertook to have plaster bandages 
made here instead of buying the more ex- 
pensive ready-made bandaging. But surgeons 
didn't like the home-made ones and the 
project was about to be abandoned when 
someone asked Mr. Thompson if he would 
like to put in a few extra hours each week 
for extra pay, and try his hand as a plaster- 
bandage maker. He made good from the start 
and for fifteen years all of the plaster 
bandages used in Presbyterian Hospital have 
been made hy Mr. Thompson, to whom this 
task partakes of the nature of service to his 
fcllowmcn by one who never forgets the part 
that plaster played in mending his own crip- 
pled condition thirty years ago. 

In his dual job as elevator operator and 
plaster-bandage maker, Mr. Thompson is a 
striking example of how one may rise above 
physical handicaps and by looking out and 
beyond himsell live a useful and satisfying life. 
His efficient service and his loyal interest in 
the hospital as an institution through nearly 


Charles W . Thompson, hospital employe 
for nearly 30 years, demonstrates "tuning 
in" on the first radio used in Presbyterian 
Hospital. It is a Federal Crystal set and 
was bought in 1921 by Ben Camp, switch- 
board operator. The first station heard was 
the Zenith Radio Corporation in the Drake 
Hotel, the only radio station in Chicago at 
that time. 

After using it for a few months, Mr. Camp 
sold it to Sam Knudsen, hospital purchasing 
agent, who in turn sold it to Mr. Thompson 
in 1923. Mr. Thompson used it until 1932, 
when he bought an up-to-date radio receiv- 
ing set. The old crystal set still works but 
as always requires much concentrated effort 
to keep it "tuned in." The last important 
broadcast heard by Mr. Thompson oyer this 
set was the 1932 Democratic convention in 
the Chicago stadium. 

Anent the first radio used here, readers 
may be interested in learning that the hospi- 
tal offers a radio rental service to patients on 
a very reasonable basis. The radio depart- 
ment is in charge of Austin Howland, who 
also serves patients as the hospital newspaper 
and magazine agent. 




Dr. Benjamin Rush In Group 

Dr. Benjamin Rush of Philadelphia, 
for whom Rush Medical College was 
named, was one of five physicians who 
signed the Declaration of Independence. 

Dr. Rush was one of the best known 
American physicians of his day. He 
wrote the first American text on chemist- 
ry, published in 1770 and, when ap- 
pointed professor of chemistry in the Col- 
lege of Philadelphia in 1769, filled the 
first such chair established in any college 
in the colonies. He was a lecturer at 
the University of the State of Pennsyl- 
vania in 1780 and, when the two schools 
were merged in 1792, he became profes- 
sor of the institute of medicine and clini- 
cal practice. 

A pioneer worker in the field of experi- 
mental physiology Dr. Rush wrote the first 
paper in America on cholera infantum, and 
was the first physician to recognize focal in- 
fection of the teeth. He also did outstand- 
ing research in psychiatry. He was greatly 
concerned about the condition of the poor, 
had a large charity practice, and in 1786 
established the first free dispensary in this 
country. Following his participation the Con- 
tinental Congress, Dr. Rush was a member 
of the Pennsylvania convention which ratified 
the Constitution, and was treasurer of the 
U. S. mint from 1797 to 1813. He joined 
with Benjamin Franklin and others in the 
movement for free schools, was a founder and 
first trustee of Dickinson College, and a 
leader in the first anti-slavery and temperance 

Dr. Daniel Brainard, founder of Rush Med- 
ical College in 1837, came from Philadelphia, 
hence it is not surprising that he should name 
the school for the distinguished Philadelphia 
physician and patriot. 

three decades have won appreciation from the 
management and the regard of fellow em- 

Ton of Plaster in 1938 

Owing to the great increase in the number 
of fracture cases cared for in the hospital, and 
the more extensive use of plaster casts in the 
treatment of fractures and in the correction 
of orthopedic defects and deformities, the 
quantity of plaster bandages used in the hos- 
pital has increased from year to year. Last 
year it took a ton of plaster to make 5,000 
yards of plaster bandaging, utilized by hospi- 
tal surgeons — twice the quantity used five 
years ago. 

Plaster bandages arc made by pressing dry 
plaster of paris into the mesh of white crino- 
line. Bandages arc five yards long and ol 
varying widths — eight, six, five, four, and 
three inches. The crinoline comes in rolls of 
100 yards. The bandages are rolled hy hand 
.is the material is drawn through a device 
which contains a quantity of dry plaster. This 
process presses the plaster into the mesh ol 
the crinoline and there is a real art to tin- 
task, as the amount which clings to the crino- 
line must he fairly uniform. After each five- 
yard length ol plaster-covered crinoline is 

rolled and cut off, it is wrapped in oiled 
paper and the bandages are stored in a 
moisture proof cupboard until needed in the 
operating room to replenish the daily supply. 

How Bandaging Is Applied 

When a plaster cast is to be applied, the 
bandage rolls are removed from the oiled 
paper wrapping and dipped one at a time in 
water by the nurse, who presses some of the 
water out before handing the bandage to the 
surgeon, who applies it layer on layer, using 
as many rolls of bandage as are needed for 
the particular type of cast. The plaster sets 
in 12 to 1 1 minutes, so everyone must work 
quickly. Should the bandages contain more 
plaster in some spots than others the resulting 
cast might prove wholly unsatisfactory from a 
surgical standpoint. Having these bandages 
properly made in the hospital effects a saving 
of several hundred dollars annually, thereby 
enabling the hospital to do more charity work 
of this kind than would he possible if ready- 
made plaster bandages had to he purchased. 

To facilitate the constantly enlarging task 
of making plaster bandages, a new room is 
being fitted up to be used exclusively for this 
purpose. Up to now Mr. Thompson has done 
his work in one end of the sterilizing room, 

As Others See Us 

Presbyterian Hospital received some 
interesting publicity in June because of 
maternity department events involving 
the families of special writers on two 
Chicago dailies. Mrs. Robert Faherty, 
who as Adeline Fitzgerald is society 
editor of the Chicago Evening American, 
wrote her "Monday Memos" for June 19 
from her hospital room on the seventh 
floor after having a given birth to a love- 
ly baby daughter here a few days pre- 
vious. It was a hospital nursery gossip 
column that day not only because the 
writer was a maternity patient but be- 
cause her neighbors in that department 
just then included several well-known 
socialites — Mrs. Bayne O'Brien, daughter- 
in-law of Howard Vincent O'Brien of 
the Daily News "All Things Consid- 
ered" column; Mrs. Bentley G. McCloud, 
Jr. of Glencoe, and Mrs. Alexander Gray 
Frost of Hinsdale. 

In one paragraph the American column 
said: "All news is baby news here on the 
seventh floor, and every baby is news, as 
exciting as if he hadn't been preceded by 
more than 17,000 others pretty much like 
him (to the casual eye). In the fifty-six 
years of its existence, Presbyterian Hospital 
has assisted 37,261 babies into the world, in- 
cluding those cared for by the Out-patient 
service. More than 27,000 were born under 
this roof." 

Another paragraph discussed what "they" 
are wearing in the "Stork Club," describing 
the latest styles in bed jackets. 

Mrs. Faherty's new baby girl is her second 
daughter, the first having been born in this 
hospital in 193 5. 

"All Things Considered" 

Howard Vincent O'Brien left it to the 
society editors to announce the birth here of 
his twin grandaughters, but devoted his "All 
Things Considered" column in the News of 
June 23, to an "advertisement" about the 
hospital and its staff. Among other things 
he wrote: 

"This is an advertisement, and a rather 
strange one; for nobody will want the bill of 
goods it pushes. 

It's an advertisement for a hospital — the 
Presbyterian, to be precise. The outside of 
this establishment leaves something to be de- 
sired in the way of charm; and even the 
inside is lacking in the sort of scenery I would 
pick for a vacation. But there is something 
about the place, not to be expressed in terms 
of brick or hardware — an atmosphere: and I 
don't mean that rich and fruity flavor of ether, 
disinfectant and aging flowers that greets the 
nostrils of one who visits a hospital. 

"What I am trying to say is that this insti- 
tution has a soul. It must be the lengthened 
shadow of some man: and I wonder who 
he is." 


Mrs. Anna Lake, head of this department 
has been employed here for 1 5 years. Her 
assistants are: Mrs. Essie Sargent, Miss Agnes 
Fitzgerald, Mrs. Isabelle McGuire, Miss Clara 
Lloyd, Miss Bessie Krall, Mrs. Cynthia Frank- 
lin and Miss Mary Cawley. 



Fifty 100-yard bolts of new gauze 
made into bandages, dresings, etc. each 
week in the sterile supply room total 
2,600 bolts or 260,000 yards annually. 
Articles made daily include: 
1,000 hypo sponges 
400 Lewis dressings (18x18 in.) 
200 small dressings (4x4 in. when 

200 yards of gauze made up into 
various other dressings and 
bandage rolls. 

Adhesive supplies used annually in- 

3 5 5 cartons of adhesive, assorted 
widths from '/j in. to 3 in., 
each carton containing the 
equivalent of 10 yards of 12- 
m. adhesive — a total of 3,550 
yards in the 3 55 cartons 
62 5 yards of waterproof adhesive, 
12 inches wide 
Celluwipe tissues come in boxes of 
136 each. In 1938, 26,600 boxes were 

The laws of humanity make it a duty for 
nations, as well as individuals, to succor those 
whom accident and distress have throw upon 
them. — Thomas Jefferson 

In the top picture, student nurses are 
shown "picking" washed gauze under the di- 
rection of Mrs. Essie Sargent, right. After 
the gauze is stretched by hand, it is placed 
on stretchers, one of which is shown at the 
right. Students are, left to right: Clarice 
Banke, Mary Jane Deuth, Esther Mont- 
gomery, and Annabeth Thomas. 

At the left, Miss Agnes Fitzgerald is shown 
preparing 4x4-in. folded dressings of nen 
gauze. These are wrapped in brown paper, 
sterilized and kept wrapped until used for 


Another interesting activity is the prepar- 
ing of washed gauze in a room set aside for 
that purpose. This reclaimed gauze is prefer- 
able to new gauze for certain purposes be- 
cause it is much softer, and its use also effects 
a considerable saving to the hospital. Gauze 
dressings that are not badly soiled are washed 
antiseptically in the laundry and sent to the 
washed gauze room. Four employed workers 
assisted by student nurses "pick" the clean 
gauze, pulling and smoothing it out by hand, 
after which it is placed on stretchers. The 
stretched squares of gauze are placed in small 
bags and sent to the sterilizer, 3 5 to 60 bags 
containing 50 pieces each, being repared daily. 
By this process the reclaimed gauze is as 
sterile as new gauze and is especially useful 
for warm wet dressings. 

Salvage Worn Linens 

Squares of cloth salvaged from worn sheets, 
pillow slips, night gowns and other worn 
linens are used to wrap most of the articles 
prepared for sterilizing, pieces of suitable size 
being torn or cut from the worn articles. 
This salvaging is done in the sterile supply 
room. Narrow and ragged pieces that are 
left-over are sent to the engine room to be 
used for cleaning, as are also the narrow 
strips cut from the double edges of new gauze 
in making dressings. 

Life is not so short but there is always room 
for courtesy. — Emerson 

House Staff Changes 

Residents who completed their service 
July 1, 1939 were: 

Dr. Erhard R. W. Fox, Surgery 

Dr. Ray F. Cochrane, Obstetrics and 

Dr. Raymond Hedin, Urology 
Dr. Wesley H. Anderson, Pediatrics 
Dr. David E. Brown, Otolaryngology. 

Those who completed internships on 
July 1, were: 

Dr. Richard H. Owens 
Dr. Ralph E. Hibbs 
Dr. Walter F. Schamber 
Dr. Albert Reaven 
Dr. Charles E. Muhleman 

New members of the resident staff are : 

Dr. Francis M. Lyle, Surgery 

Dr. Richard Hausmann, Obstetrics 

Dr. Gustav S. Link, Urology 
Dr. John T. Mason, Pediatrics 
Dr. O. S. Blum, Otolaryngology 
Dr. Wendell B. Butner, Ophthalmology 

New interns ■ on the house staff are : 
Dr. Jacob F. Lutz, 
Dr. John R. Ong, Jr. 
Dr. Frederick W. Preston 
Dr. Frederick M. Kriete 
Dr. Eugene A. Stack 


Hospital Librarian Returns 

Miss Selma M. Lindem resumed her 
duties as librarian in Presbyterian Hos- 
pital, Monday, July 3, after a six-month 
leave of absence during which she organ- 
ized a central library project for hospi- 
tals in New York City, sponsored by the 
Junior League. In addition to the central 
library accummulated and catalogued 
under her direction, Miss Lindem devel- 
oped plans for volunteer service in a 
number of hospitals under Junior League 
auspices, assisted in organising or re- 
organizing library service in ten hospitals 
and made a survey of library service in 
29 hospitals in cooperation with the 
United Hospital Fund of New York. 
Volunteers received training at an inten- 
sive course conducted under Miss Lin- 
dem's direction and through experience 
in assisting at the central library and do- 
ing work in various hospitals. 

While in New York, Miss Lindem was 
called upon to address the Columbia Uni- 
versity Library School, New Jersey Col- 
lege for Women, the Greater New York 
Hospital Association, the women's activi- 
ties division of the United Hospital Fund 
and various other groups. 

During Miss Lindem's absence, Mrs. 
Virginia Bonnici served efficiently as 
librarian here and left Chicago July 2, for 
Alexandria, Egypt, where her husband 
will practice medicine. 

Dr. and Mrs. Peter Bassoc will attend the 
Inli i national Neurological Congress in Copen- 
hagen, Denmark, in August. 

3n mpmoriam 

William W. Meloy 

Dr. William W. Meloy, Chicago physician, 
died June 24, 1939 at the Washington Blvd. 
Hospital following a long illness. Son of the 
Rev. William T. Meloy, DD., he was born 
in Cadiz, O., June 28, 1873, coming here 
with his parents in 1875. His father was 
pastor of the First United Presbyterian 
Church more than forty years. 

Dr. Meloy was graduated from Washington 
and Jefferson College in 1894, and from 
Rush Medical College in 1897. After serv- 
ing an internship in Presbyterian Hospital, he 
studied in Vienna and London. He opened 
offices at 31 N. State St. as an ear, nose and 
throat specialist, remaining at the same ad- 
dress until his retirement in 193 5. 

Mrs. Clara Burnham Woodyatt 

Mrs. Clara Burnham. Woodyatt, mother of 
Dr. Rollin T. Woodyatt of the Presbyterian 
Hospital Medical Staff, died at the home of 
her son in Evanston, July 24, aged 89 years. 
She was a sister of D. H. Burnham, Sr., noted 
architect and originator of the Chicago Plan. 
Mr. Burnham died in 1912. 

Clara Burnham was born in Henderson, N. 
Y. in 1850 and came to Chicago with her 
parents long before the fire of 1871. She was 
a leader in music activities, and originated the 
Thomas concert classes in cooperation with 
the late Theodore Thomas, orchestra con- 
ductor, enabling thousands of music lovers to 
become better acquainted with the classics. 

Surviving are her son, Dr. Woodyatt, and 
a sister, Mrs. John Goddard of Newtonvillc, 

Exhibit Dionne Incubator 

Through the courtesy of Sharp & Smith, 
Presbyterian Hospital was the first Chicago 
institution to exhibit the incubator which is 
credited with having saved the lives of three, 
if not all, of the Dionne quints. Set up in 
the main entrance lobby on July 21, the 
incubator remained on exhibit here until 
August 1, proving of great interest to hund- 
reds of visitors, patients and hospital per- 

There was no electricity in Callander, Ont. 
when the astonished Dr. Allan Dafoe assisted 
the five tiny mites of humanity into the 
world. So when Sharp 6? Smith, surgical 
supply dealers in Chicago, found in their 
warehouse an incubator which could be 
heated by filling a tank with hot water at 
intervals, the Chicago American agreed to 
rush it to the Dionne home in Callander 
where it was used during the first critical days 
and weeks before more modern equipment 
was made available in the Dafoe nursery, 
erected by the Canadian government. 

While larger than most box-type incubators, 
the Sharp ii Smith model afforded space for 
only three of the quints, hut all of them used 
it through a system of rotation based on the 
needs of each. The tank in the bottom of the 
incubator holds three quarts of water and is 
equipped with a faucet for running the water 
Off when a new supply ol hot water is 
needed. A wet sponge near the top in one 
end provides humidity. A small opening near 
the bottom admits fresh air, while a ventilator 
in the top provides an exit for used air. 


Dr. W. O. Thompson was the speaker at a 
meeting of the Berrien County Medical So- 
ciety at Benton Harbor, Mich., July 13. His 
topic was "Treatment with Male Sex Hor- 

In an article on "Breast Feeding fori 
Babies" in the June issue of Readers' Dig< 
Dr. Alexis Carrell, noted scientist and physi- 
ologist, quotes figures from a study made in 
Chicago by Dr. Clifford G, Grulee, head of 
our pediatric staff. In this study of 20,000 
children, Dr. Grulee found that mortality of 
those who had been artificially fed babies was 
ten times greater than among those who had 
been breast-fed. Sixty-four percent of the 
artificially-fed babies were affected with dis- 
eases of the lungs, throat, and stomach dur- 
ing the first year, while only 37 percent of 
the breast-fed babies were so affected, Dr. 
Grulee found. 



Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 



SOLOMON A. SM ITH Treasurer 


FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable Edw. D. McDougal, Jr. 

Alfred T. Carton Fred A. Poor 

Philip R. Clarke Theodore A. Shaw 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Rev. John Timothy 
John B. Drake Stone. D.D. 

James B. Forgan, Jr. R. Douglas Stuart 

Albert D. Farwell J. Hall Taylor 

Alfred E. Hamill John P. Welling 

Charles H. Hamill Edward F. Wilson 


Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 

Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 

Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 

Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


VERNON C. DAVID, M.D President 


ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 




M. HELENA McMILLAN Director Emeritus 

MAY L. RUSSELL Dean and Acting Director 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital. 

pbinteo by Physicians- Record Co.. Chicago 


Ftie Presiydeiraaffi If ©spite 

tke Gity cyy Qkicago' 



Chicago, 111. 

September, 1939 

Vol. 31, No. 8 




Funds Needed for This Work 

During the last six months a total of 
274 blood transfusions were given to pa 
tients in Presbyterian Hospital, an aver 
age of one blood transfusion every 15.8 
hours. The giving of these 274 transfu 
sions required the typing and cross 
matching of more than 1,500 blood 
samples. It often is necessary to type and 
cross-match the blood of several prospec- 
tive volunteer donors in order to find one 
donor whose blood is suitable. 

Professional Donors Available 

Just a pint or two of good blood trans- 
fused into the veins of a person some- 
times means the difference between life 
and death. Often one or more blood 
transfusions bring quicker recovery from 
an operation or an illness. Frequently pa- 
tients are unable to obtain a volunteer 
donor. This is particularly true in emer- 
gency cases in which the transfusion must 
be given without delay. For this reason 
the hospital laboratory keeps on file a list 
of at least 145 donors whose blood has 
been typed and who have otherwise quali- 
fied as prospective blood donors. A 
majority of these are students in nearby 
professional schools. All types of blood 
are represented in this group and donors 
are available on short notice. However, 
these professional donors must be paid 
when called upon to provide blood trans- 
fusions, and frequently the patient whose 
life must be safeguarded by this proce- 
dure lacks the necessary funds. 

Fund Aids Needy Patients 

Through the Blood Transfusion Fund, 
started by Mrs. E. R. LeCount in 1935 
by a gift of $1,000 in memory of her 
husband, Dr. LeCount, many free blood 
transfusions have been provided for 
needy patients. Miss Gracia M. F. Barn- 
hart contributed $500 to this Fund in 
memory of her parents and small dona- 


The young man in 
the picture is offering 
to give, not his life, 
but some of his life's 
blood for another, 
whose life literally may 
be saved by a blood 
transfusion. The labo- 
ratory technician has 
just drawn a small 
sample of blood for 
typing and cross- 
matching with that of 
the prospective reci- 

tions have been received from others. At 
the present time the Fund is exhausted 
and donations in any amount will be 
gratefully received. Transfusions pro- 
vided by this Fund have saved the lives 
of several patients and have been the 
means of restoring these and other pa- 
tients to health and usefulness. 

Results Are Gratifying 

One elderly man who had been a patient 
in the hospital for seven different periods 
and who had been able to pay a consid- 
erable portion of the charges for this care 
lacked the means to pay a professional 
donor when his critical condition made a 
blood transfusion imperative. The trans- 
fusion was provided and the patient was 
later discharged from the hospital much 
improved in health. 

Another beneficiary of the Fund was a 
young man from a nearby suburb, who 
with the assistance of his parents paid the 
ward rate for hospital care in a long and 
serious illness but was unable to pay for 
the services of a professional blood donor 
when a sudden hemorrhage made a trans- 
fusion necessary. He was later discharged 
in improved health. 

The Fund has been drawn upon to 
provide transfusions for several emer- 
gency patients admitted to the obstetrical 
department, some of these being brought 
in through the Out-Patient Obstetrical 
Department. The Fund also was drawn 
upon to provide transfusions for several 
patients referred by the Community Fund 
and the Chicago Relief Administration. 
The special rate paid by these agencies 
does not cover extras such as laboratory 
work and blood transfusions by profes- 
sional donors. 

Many Free Typings Done 

In addition to providing professional 
donors, the hospital is called upon to 
furnish a large amount of free laboratory 
work for needy patients who are thereby 
enabled to obtain volunteer donors. One 
young woman, referred as a free emer- 
gency patient by the Out-Patient Ob- 
stetrical Department, had the blood of 
nineteen prospective donors typed m 
order to obtain seven volunteer donors for 
a series of blood transfusions which were 
imperative following the birth of a still- 
born infant. The young woman now is 
in good health. 

(Continued on Page 3, Col. 3) 




Rigid Asepsis is Essential 

The giving of blood transfusions re- 
quires skilful surgical technique and rigid 
aseptic procedures similar to those fol- 
lowed in other types of surgical work. 
Both the direct and indirect methods of 
transfusing are used in Presbyterian Hos- 

Direct transfusions are done in the 
operating room and require a team com- 
posed of a surgeon, three interns, and two 
nurses. The "multiple syringe" method 
is used. This method utilizes a number of 
syringes successively. The donor lies near 
the patient and the blood is drawn from 
a vein in his arm into a syringe which 
holds about 100 cubic centimeters. The 
syringe is disconnected from the donor 
before the blood is transfused into the 
vein of the patient, while a second syringe 
is being filled with blood drawn from the 
donor's vein. The procedure is continued 
until the desired amount of blood is given 
to the patient — usually 500 cubic centi- 
meters or approximately one pint for 
adults and smaller amounts for children. 

Indirect Transfusions 

The indirect method is used when it 
is desired to give transfusions at the bed- 
side. It also is used in cases where blood 
from a donor is to be given later to a 
recipient. The efficiency of this method 
has been greatly improved recently by the 
use of new apparatus. The blood is drawn 
from the donor into a vacuum flask in 
which the manufacturer has sealed a small 
amount of citrate solution to prevent the 
coagulation which would otherwise occur. 
The blood is usually given to the patient 
within a few minutes after being drawn 
but can be preserved in a cool place for 
approximately ten days, if desired. 

When giving the blood to the patient a 
"Y" shaped tube is used, to the stem of which 
is attached a hollow needle. One arm ol the 
"Y" is attached to a flask of clear fluid ap- 
proximating the osmotic pressure of human 
blood. The other arm of the "Y" is attached 
to the flask of blood to be given the patient. 
A clamp on the arm of the "Y" connecting the 
clear fluid is opened, allowing this fluid to fill 
the tubing and expelling all air therefrom. The 
needle is then inserted into the vein, fixed 
firmly in place with adhesive tape, and the 
clear fluid is allowed to run in. When the 
operator is certain that the clear fluid is going 
into the vein and not under the skin, and 
that there is no air in the tubing, the clamp 
controlling the clear fluid is closed, while the 
Clamp controlling the blood is opened, allow- 
ing blood to enter the patient's vein. 

May Give Other Fluids 

When all the blood has been given to the 
patient, the remainder of the clear fluid may 
be allowed to enter the patient's vein in order 
to (lush any remaining blood out of the tub 
ing and at the same time compensate for any 

A Thought 

Here, on this hilltop 
Rippling with green, 
Here I will rest myself 
Here, reign supreme. 
Go hac\ to your cities, 
Tour buildings of stone; 
]ust give me God's heaven, 
A soft breeze — 'tis home. 
Arid here I'm contented — 
Just leave me alone. 
-Shirley Borchardt. Student Nurse 




Although blood transfusions were attempted 
as early as four centuries ago, their effective 
use has been possible only since the discovery, 
less than forty years ago, that four distinct 
"isoagglutinin" groups or types of blood arc 
found in human beings and that one type 
cannot be mixed with another successfully. It 
also was found that blood of the same type 
from two different persons does not always 
prove compatible. With this knowledge, the 
development of laboratory procedures for the 
accurate typing and cross-matching of blood, 
and improvement in apparatus and methods 
for giving transfusions, severe reactions now 
occur rarely. Medical science has thus acquired 
an extremely valuable weapon with which to 
combat disease and safeguard human life. 


Miss Bernice Breede is the new secretary 
in the superintendent's office, filling the vacan- 
cy created by the resignation of Mrs. Alice 
Wiborg Becker, who has held the position 
since July, 1938. Prior to that date Mrs. 
Becker was secretary in the pathology labo- 
ratory for nine years. Her husband, Dr. Harold 
Becker, graduated from Loyola University 
School of Medicine recently and will serve an 
internship in Denver General Hospital, 
Denver, Colo. 

deficiency in fluid that the patient may have. 
Additional fluids containing various amounts 
of sugar, salt, and minerals necessary for the 
body economy may be attached to the same 
apparatus and given the patient. The vacuum 
flask which contained the blood is destroyed. 

For indirect transfusions the blood usually 
is drawn from the donor in an operating room 
or other room affording aseptic surroundings. 
A graduate nurse assists the doctor both m 
drawing blood from the donor and in giving 
the transfusion. 

Use Sterile Supplies 

Following a transfusion the apparatus is 
washed well in cold water, then in soap and 
water. It is rinsed in tap water, then in 
distilled water, dried, wrapped and sterilised. 
It is kept wrapped until taken out for use in 
the operating room or at the bedside. Imme- 
diately before use, the prepared apparatus is 
rinsed in sterile normal salt solution, then in 
a sterile 2.5 percent citrate solution. Sterile 
towels, gauze and other .supplies arc used. 

Giving blood lor a transfusion is in no way 
detrimental to a healthy donor. He should 
nst for an hour or so afterward and have 
some light nourishment, such as a glass of milk, 
lie can then go about his usual duties but 
should avoid strenuous exercise for a day or 
two. A donor usually is advised not to give 
blood for a transfusion oftener than once in 
three months. 




Miss Dorothy Rogers began her duties on l] 
Sept. f as director of the Presbyterian Hospi- 
tal School of Nursing and nursing service. 
She succeeds Miss M. Helena McMillan who 
retired last fall, and takes over the responsi- j 
bilities carried since that time by Miss Mary L. 
Russell and Miss Harriet Forrest. 

The new director is a graduate of Welles- 
ley College and Presbyterian School of Nurs- 
ing. She obtained her Master's degree in nurs- 
ing school administration at Teachers College, 
Columbia University, and has filled a number 
of administrative and teaching positions in 
other institutions. Since 193 5 she has been 
assistant professor of nursing education at the 
University of Chicago. 

Miss Rogers has announced that the new 
fall class will enter on Oct. 1, and the 1939 
graduation exercises will be held in October, 
the definite date not having been decided 
as yet. 


Dr. R. Lincoln Kesler will complete two 
years service as resident physician, Sept. 1?, 
and will begin private practice in Oak Park 
where he will be associated with Dr. H. M. 
Sheaff. Dr. Kesler also served his internship 
here after graduating from Rush Medical Col- 
lege in 1936. Dr. William C. Mumler will be 
the new resident physician. 

Dr. Ralph L. High completed his intern- 
ship on Sept. 1, and began service as a resi- 
dent in pathology, taking the place of Dr. 
Henry Halley, Jr. 

New interns starting Sept. 1 are Dr. Rene 
Hardre and Dr. Victor Kiarsis. 


Dr. E. H. Fell, formerly resident surgeon 
and now a member of the Surgical Staff of 
Presbyterian Hospital, made a study of 500 
blood transfusions given to 288 different pa- 
tients in this hospital. His report was pre- 
sented before several professional gatherings 
and published in Surgery, August 1938. 

This study revealed that 342 of the 500 
transfusions were given to patients suffering 
from secondary anemia, the latter condition 
resulting from various causes. Sixty-six trans- 
fusions were given directly after prolonged 
operations, 36 for shock, 30 for primary 
enemias and 26 in cases of jaundice. Of the 
500 transfusions given, 116 were given before 
operations and 193 were post-operative. 


(Continued from Page 1. Col. 3) 
Many other cases could be cited in 
which free typings have been done on 
several relatives or friends in order to find 
a suitable donor tor one transfusion 
needed by a free or part-pay patient. 

The Blood Transfusion Fund is drawn 
upon only when a volunteer donor is not 
available and the patient lacks means to 
pay a professional donor. This Fund 
affords an opportunity to help the less 
fortunate in a specific way and it is 
hoped that more donations for this pur- 
pose will be forthocming. 

Antics of Blood Cells Reveal Type and Compatibility 

Antics of blood cells as viewed through the 
microscope reveal type and compatibility to 
the trained eye of the laboratory techr 




Nos. II and IV Predominate 

While scientists have found that blood 
types occur according to the Mendelian 
lines of inheritance, children may not 
have the same type as that of either 
parent and all four types may be found 
among the members of one family. 

Extensive studies indicate that about 
45 percent of White Americans have 
Type IV blood, 42 percent have Type II, 
and the rest have either Type I or III. 
These percentages vary among other na- 
tionalities and races hut there is no 
"agglutination" difference between blood 
of the same type from persons of different 
nationalities or races. For example, a 
Type IV Negro could receive compatible 
blood from a Type IV White person, or 
vice versa, without any racial effects in 
the recipient's blood. However, it is 
customary to observe racial lines in selec- 
tion of either volunteer or professional 

How Typing Is Done 

To determine the type of a blood sample, 
two or three drops are first placed in a glass 
tube containing one cubic centimeter of sodium 
citrate solution. This is shaken until mixed 
thoroughly. One drop of this mixture, which 
is called "cell suspension", is added to one 
drop each of known Type If and Type III 
blood serum placed separately on a micro- 
scopic slide. When viewed through the micro- 
scope any one of the four types to which the 
sample blood belongs can be determined by 
the manner in which the cells mix with 
samples of the known Type II and Type III 

When a donor is found who has the same 
type of blood as the patient, samples of blood 
from each are then "cross-matched" for com- 

The centrifuge machine, pictured above, is 
used to separate the cells from the serum, in 
order to carry through compatibility and 
other tests which must be made before blood 
transfusions can be given. The technician is 
shown placing in the machine two centrifuge 
cups, in which have been set glass tubes con- 
taining blood samples from donors and pa- 
tients. Cups must weigh exactly the same in 
order to balance each other perfectly so that 
they will not upset during the "spinning" at 
the rate of 1,200 revolutions per minute. 
Weight is tested on the scales, shown on a 
shelf above the machine. As few as two or 
as many as eight cups can be placed in the 
machine at one time. It requires from two to 
five minutes of spinning to separate the cells 
and serum. 

patibility. Recipients are typed and cross- 
matched before each transfusion when addi- 
tional transfusions are necessary. 

Other Tests Are Made 

After the blood of a donor has been found 
to be the same type as that of the patient and 
compatible with the patient's blood, Kahn and 
Wassermann tests for syphilis are done. I! 
these tests are positive the donor's blood can- 
not be used. Anyone who has had malaria 
also is ruled out as a donor. The malarial 
parasite may remain in the blood stream inde- 
finitely and, like the syphilis organism, can be 
transmitted in a transfusion. 

In making the Kahn test the serum, after 
being separated from the blood cells, is in- 
activated (heated) in a water bath, and then 
added to Kahn antigen which has been placed 
in varying dilutions in three test tubes. These 
tubes are set in a rack which is placed on the 
"shaking" machine to mix thoroughly and aid 
in the reaction between the antigen and the 
scrum. The contents of the tubes are further 
diluted with salt solution and then compared 
with known positive and known negative 
samples of serum. If a fine granular clumping 
is revealed in the serum that is being tested, 
the reaction is positive which means that the 
person has syphilis. The Wassermann test 

After the red cells have been separated from 
the serum some of the patient's cells are 
mixed with donor's serum and vice versa on 
separate sections of a microscopic slide, which 
is then placed in a covered container lined 
with moist paper. After 20 to 30 minutes the 
result is viewed through the microscope. If 
the cells have arranged themselves in an 
orderly manner in the serum, compatibility 
is indicated but if they clump together the 
blood is not compatible. However, if the 
donor's cells are not clumped in the patient's 
serum this is regarded as satisfactory even 
though the patient's cells are clumped in the 
donor's serum. 

Graduated glass pipettes are used in mea- 
suring and preparing the blood, its constitu- 
ents, and various solutions for typing, cross- 
matching and other laboratory tests. In the 
above picture, the technician is using a twelve- 
inch pipette to draw from a test tube the 
correct amount of blood serum for a Kahn 
test. Additional tubes of serum to be used 
in this test are shown in the rack directly in 
front of the technician. The white square is 
a record card. 

Miss Dorothy Terdina is the technician 
shown at work in these laboratory pictures. 

involves different and more complicated proce- 
dures and is given as a check on the results 
of the Kahn test. 

Blood donors should be in good general 
health and if a volunteer donor is suspected 
of being under par a blood count is done. 

Will Patient Choose His Own Doctor and 

Hospital in the World of Tomorrow Setup? 

Scientists of many countries have made notable contributions to the advancement 
of medical knowledge, and governments throughout the world are becomming increas- 
ingly concerned about the health of their citizens. These are two of the outstanding 
impressions one gains from the numerous medical and health exhibits at the New York 
World's Fair. 

In the Medicine and Public Health Build- 
ing one obtains a birdseye view of the vast 
knowledge upon which man now may draw 
to conserve his health, prevent many diseases, 
and put to rout disease which may attack him. 
In many of the foreign buildings scientific 
and health exhibits call attention to valuable 
contributions to medical knowledge by scien- 
tists and institutions of those countries. 

Recognition of health as a popular topic is 
seen m the exhibits sponsored by manufactur- 
ers of food, household utilities, and many 
other articles. One whole section in the Gen- 
eral Electric building is devoted to X-ray and 
cancer therapy. Here also one may view a 
motion picture which illustrates electrocardio- 
graphy, fever therapy, inductothermy and 
electrosurgery. People stand in line at Gen- 
eral Motors Building to see the "Futurama," 
winch depicts the world of the future and 
here also one finds the "Casino of Science," 
which is well worth seeing. A refrigerator 
company has an exhibit which with the aid 
of microscopes "tells all" about bacteria whi'cJb 
cause food spoilage. Numerous other com- 
mercial exhibits take cognizance of man's in- 
terest in his health and offer much of educa- 
tional value along this line. 

The increasingly broad participation of gov- 
ernment in health work is revealed in the 
exhibit "Your Health Department Protects 
Your Family," sponsored by the American 
Public Health Association in the Medicine 
and Public Health Building; and in dioramas, 
charts, murals, and sculptures in the United 
States Federal Building and in buildings of 
several states. This theme also dominates the 

social welfare exhibits featured by many of 
the foreign nations. Desirable as is govern- 
mental participation in many of its aspects, 
one cannot fail to note the world-wide trend 
toward regimentation of medical service and 
the fact of its present existence in the health 
activities of several foreign nations. 

The world of today, which man has created 
through technological and scientific discovery 
and invention, is a world in which much is 
being done and much more could be done 
to safeguard health and rout disease. The 
world of today contains a vast array of un- 
used knowledge about man and his health. 
Research is constantly adding to this know- 
ledge, which should be put to work for the 
benefit of everyone in the World of To- 

The American way to do it, however, is 
not the old-world way of regimentation. The 
American wants medical and hospital care in- 
surance in his World of Tomorrow but he 
also wants to be able to choose his doctor and 
his hospital in time of illness or accident. This 
is the American way, for in America indi- 
vidual liberty is prized above all other posses- 
sions. We expect government to curtail this 
liberty when it means sanitation for all and 
protection against contagion and infection. 
We want government to promote health educa- 
tion, sponsor research, and care for the mental- 
ly ill and the indigent in so far as this may be 
necessary. But we do not want to pay taxes 
or compulsory insurance fees on any basis that 
will not permit us to choose our own doctors 
and hospitals. 


The expressive mural by Hildreth Meier e, pictured above, decorates one of the nails of 
the Medicine and Public Health Building at the New York World's Fair, facing Constitution 
Hall, just east of the Theme Plaza. 


Patients or others who are interested in 
learning more about the various departments 
of the hospital may obtain back numbers of 
the Bulletin containing detailed descriptions 
of the following departments: maternity and 
out-obstetrical services, prenatal clinic, care of 
newborn in the hospital, how patients' medi- 
cal records are kept and their value; house- 
keeping department, surgical department, pa- 
tients' library, School of Nursing, anesthesia, 
X-ray, pharmacy, electrocardiograph, ophthal- 
mology (care of eyes and eye surgery), physi- 
cal and occupational therapy, and children's 
department. State subject or subjects you are 
interested in and address requests to: Editor 
Bulletin, Presbyterian Hospital, 1753 W. 
Congress Street. Back numbers of the Bulletin 
also may be called for at the office of the 



Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 





FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable Edw. D. McDougal, Jr. 

Alfred T. Carton Fred A. Poor 

Philip R. Clarke Theodore A. Shaw 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Rev. John Timothy 
John B. Drake Stone. D.D. 

James B. Forgan R. Douglas Stuart 

Albert D. Farwell J. Hall Taylor 

Alfred E. Hamill John P. Welling 

Charles H. Hamill Edward F. Wilson 


Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 

Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 

Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 

Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


WILBER E. POST, M.D President 


ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 





... Director Emerih 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of J 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital. 

Hie Pres Wertaffi ftospifa 


v tke Bity cyy Skicagc^ 



Chicago, 111. 

October, 1939 

Vol. 31, No. 9 


Hospital Will Share in City 

Wide Charity Effort 

on October 2 

Tag Day for the benefit of charitable 
work done for children by 50 Chicago 
agencies will be observed on Monday, 
Oct. 2. Presbyterian Hospital has been 
assigned 126 collection boxes to be used 
on eight locations. In order to keep these 
boxes busy, at least 400 taggers are 
needed and it is hoped that 500 workers 
can be enlisted. 

Tag Day receipts are used to help sup- 
port the work of our hospital children's 
department, where last year 779 sick 
children were cared for entirely free. 
In addition, 888 part-free child patients 
received care for which but a fraction of 
the cost was paid. The goal set for this 
year by our committee is $2,000. 

All Taggers Are Volunteers 

Tag Day begins at 6:00 A.M. and 
continues through the greater part of 
the day. For this reason taggers work in 
relays, relieving each other at intervals. 
The main requirements for a Tag Day 
worker are a pleasant smile, earnestness 
and perseverance. Each charitable agen- 
cy participating in Tag Day has some 
good and some less productive locations, 
assignments being made on as fair a 
basis as possible by the Children's Benefit 
League committee. 

Tag Day affords an opportunity for 
thousands to contribute who would not 
otherwise be reached by the participating 
agencies, and all contributions go direct- 
ly to the support of charitable work for 
children as all taggers are volunteer 

Taggers for Presbyterian Hospital were pro- 
vided last year by 3 5 churches and it is 
hoped that more churches will be represented 
this year in this project which means so much 
to the "least of these." Those willing to serve 

The five-month old baby in the above pic- 
ture is one of hundreds who have received 
free care in the three Tag Day Beds on our 
infants' floor. This baby was seriously ill for 
several weeks and was about to be discharged 
as recovered when the picture was taken. 

In earlier years Tag Day receipts were put 
into an endowment fund, the income from 
which is used to support our Tag Day Beds. 
In recent years the money collected on Tag 
Day has been expended currently for the 
support of free work in our children's de- 

as taggers for a few hours are urged to report 
immediately to their church chairman or to 
one of the following members of the Tag Day 

Loop— Mrs. Perkins Bass, Jr. (Evanston), 
Davis 213 5 
Mrs. H. C. Patterson, Hyde Park 0849 
Mrs. James McCulloch, Prospect 5425 
South Side— Mrs. Henry W. Bernhardt, 

South Shore 4440 
West Side- -Mrs. William H. Biker (Oak 
Park), Euclid 234 
Mrs. George H. Bristol (Oak Park), 
Euclid 7157 
North Side— Mrs. Burton VV. Hales, 
Winnctka 3 333 



Twenty-nine young women will re- 
ceive diplomas at graduation exercises of 
the School of Nursing, Oct. 10 at 3:00 
P.M., in the auditorium at Sprague 
Home. The commencement speaker will 
be the Rev. J. W. G. Ward, pastor of 
the First Presbyterian Church of Oak 
Park. A reception for parents and 
friends of graduates will follow the 

Baccalaureate services will be held at 
the Third Presbyterian Church, Ashland 
and Ogden avenues, Sunday, Oct. 8 at 
7:45 P.M. The Rev. Alvyn R. Hick- 
man, pastor of the church, will be the 

Alumna; events began with a farewell 
party on Tuesday night, Sept. 26, in 
honor of Miss May L. Russell, who is 
leaving the school Oct. 1. Miss Russell 
has been a member of the staff since 
the school was founded in 1903 and for 
the past year has been acting director. 

The Alumnae Association's open meet- 
ing for seniors will be held at Sprague 
Home on Tuesday evening, Oct. 3. The 
Alumnae luncheon on Friday, Oct. 6 m 
the Wedgewood Room at Marshall 
Field's, will serve as an occasion for ex- 
tending ,i formal welcome to Miss 
Dorothy Rogers (1921), new director of 
the School of Nursing. Miss Charlotte 
F. Landt, president of the Alumnae Asso- 
ciation, will preside. Program arrange- 
ments were incomplete when this Bulle- 
tin went to press. 

Lake Forest Mrs. Philip F. W. Peck, 
Lake Forest 1060 
Mrs. Edwin M. Miller will be in charge of 
the two boxes at the hospital. Mrs. William 
R. Tucker of Evanston is general chairman 
and Mrs. Earl G. Fowler of River Forest is 
vice-chairman of the Tag Day committee. 




World Congress is Cancelled 

More than 4,000 hospital leaders and 
workers from all parts of the United 
States and Canada gathered at Toronto, 
Can., Sept. 25-29 for the 41st annual 
convention of the American Hospital 
Association. The International Hospital 
Association convention was to have been 
held in the same city, Sept. 19-2 3, hut 
was called off because of the war in 
Europe. Thirty-four countries were to 
have been represented at this great con- 
gress, the sixth biennial gathering of its 
kind. Dr. Malcolm T. MacEachern of 
Chicago, associate director of the Ameri- 
can College of Surgeons, is president of 
the International Hospital Association. 

Dr. G. Harvey Agnew of Toronto 
completed a year of outstanding leader- 
ship as president of the American Hos- 
pital Association and was succeeded by 
Dr. Fred G. Carter, superintendent of 
Christ Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio, who 
will serve during the coming year. 

The American College of Hospital Admin- 
istrators convened on Sept. 22, and th - 
American Protestant Hospital Association held 
its 19th annual convention, Sept. 22-24, at 

From Our Hospital 

Mr. Asa S. Bacon, superintendent of 
Presbyterian Hospital, participated in these 
conventions. He is a trustee, treasurer, and 
chairman of the membership committee of the 
American Hospital Association; trustee of the 
American Protestant Hospital Association, and 
a fellow of the American College of Hospital 

Mrs. Ernest E. Irons, president, and Mrs. 
Clyde E. Shorey, past president oi the 
Woman's Board attended the A. H. A. con- 
vention, where Mrs. Shorey was one of the 
speakers in a panel discussion on "How the 
Woman's Auxiliary Can Help the Hospital." 
Miss Bculah Hunzicker, director of dietetics, 
was one cf the speakers before the dietetics 
section, her topic being "The Value of Cen- 
tralized Dishwashing." 


Vacancies on the dietary staff have been 
filled by Miss Dorothy Baker and Miss An- 
nette Wilkens, Miss Baker was graduated 
from Iowa State College at Ames and served 
her dietetics internship at University Hospital, 
Oklahoma City. Miss Wilkens served an in- 
ternship at University Hospital. Ann Arbor, 
Mich, following graduation from the Univer- 
sity of Minnesota. 


Mr. William Cray, hospital pharmacist, 
attended the annual convention of the Ameri- 
can Pharmaceutical convention in Atlanta, 
(!a., Aug. 2 1-26. He represented the Chicago 
branch in the house of delegates and met with 
tin recipe committee of which he is ,i member 


Recently friends of several patients in 
our hospital have discovered some new 
and highly practical ways of expressing 
regard and sympathy in time of illness. 
Instead of overwhelming the patient with 
an oversupply of expensive flowers, 
cmdy which he cannot eat, and other 
less practical gifts, these thoughtful 
friends have pooled their funds and paid 
the patient's hospital bill for one or more 
days. In these instances, the cashier's 
office sends to the patient a receipt for 
the amount paid, stating that he is to be 
a guest of so-and-so for such-and-such 
day or days. Recipients of this type of 
gift accept it with appreciation and in 
many instances it relieves a patient's un- 
expressed anxiety as to ways and means 
to meet the expense of hospitalisation. 
The hospital gladly cooperates with those 
who choose this pleasant way of bring- 
ing cheer to relatives or friends who 
are ill. 

Another pleasant way in which friends 
of patients may express their sympathy 
in time of illness is to make a donation 
to the general charity work of the hos- 
pital or to some special fund in the name 
of the sick friend, who would enjoy such 
a benefaction more than expensive flowers 
or other gifts. In such instances the hos- 
pital is pleased to notify the patient con- 
cerning the donation made in his honor. 

A donation of $3.00 will pay for 24 
hours' free care for a sick child in one 
of our children's wards, or $4.00 will 
provide one day's care for a needy pa- 
tient in an adult ward. As announced in 
our last Bulletin, donations are greatly 
needed at this time also for the Blood 
Transfusion Fund which provides blood 
donors for needy patients, who are un- 
able to obtain a volunteer donor and are 
without means to pay a professional 


Miss Tena H. Havinga, formerly charge 
nurse on our infants' floor, was married 
recently at the home of her parents in Hol- 
land, Mich, to Theodore S. Rensema, instruc- 
tor in physics at Purdue University, LaFaycttc, 
Ind. Mrs. Rcnzema was graduated from Presby- 
terian School of Nursing in 1937. 


Miss Jeanne Price and Dr. Ralph L. High 
were united in manage, Sept. 1, at the resid- 
ence of Dr. Evan Barton, 1018 N. State Stieet. 
The ceremony was performed by the Rev. 
Russell L. Dicks, hospital chaplain. Mrs. High 
is personnel manager for Weiboldt's South 
Side store, Dr. High recently completed an 
internship here and is now resident pathologist. 

Dr. Cassie Bell Rose, former head of ( 
X-ray department and now located in Den\ 
Colo, was a recent visitor here. 




Through the Tumor Clinic established 
about a month ago in the hospital, mem- 
bers of the Medical Staff hope to pro- 
vide a more effective service in the study 
and treatment of these cases. A special 
room has been fitted up on the 7th floor 
of the Murdoch Building, where patients 
will be seen by members of the Staff 
Tumor Committee each Wednesday at 
12 o'clock noon. Any member of our 
Medical Staff or the Central Free Dis- 
pensary Staff may bring patients to the 
clinic for consultation and discussion as 
to the type of therapy indicated in each 

Under this plan patients will have the ad- 
vantage of meeting in one place an internist, 
a pathologist, a surgeon, and a radiologist, 
whose combined viewpoint will be carried out 
in the treatment prescribed. Another and less 
tangible but possibly more important advan- 
tage will be the collection by one organization 
of all data concerning the treatment of tumor 
in the hospital. This will afford a more 
definite evaluation of types of treatment used, 
and new advances in treatment can be insti- 
tuted and evaluated more readily. 

In the short time since the clinic was started, 
an average of four new patients have been 
referred each week, some coming from a 
distance. Surgical treatment has been advised 
in some cases, while in others radiation ther- 
apy has been indicated and in still others 
surgical and medical treatment and radiation 
have been combined. 

The committee in charge is composed of Dr. 
F. H. Straus, Dr. Clayton J. Lundy, Dr. Evan 
Barton, Dr. Carl Apfelbach, and Dr. F. H. 


Hospital personnel, visitors, and patients are 
invited to make their Tag Day donations to 
workers who will be stationed at the hospital. 

Others who desire to have their Tag Day 
contributions help the hospital children's de- 
partment are invited to make donations at any 
of the following locations on which Woman's 
Board taggers will be stationed: 

Lake Forest — All locations. 

Loop — S. side of Adams St. to N. side of 
Quincy St. from W. side of LaSallc St. to E. 
side of Wells St. 

Randolph I. C. station (4 boxes). 

N. side of Lake St. to S. side Wacker Dr. 
from W. side of Clark St. to E. side LaSalle 
St., and Lower Level. 

North Side — N. side of Lawrence Ave. to 
S. side of Foster from E. side of Broadway to 
E. side of Winthrop; including Argylc "L" 

West Side— S. side of Van Buren to N. 
side of Taylor St. from W. side of Ashland 
Ave. to E. side of Western Ave., including 
Marshfield, Ogden, Hoyne, Western Ave. and 
Garfield Park "L" stations: also Polk St. 
Douglas Park "L" station. 

South Side S. side of 67th St. to N. side 
of 73rd St. from E. side of Cottage Grove 
Ave., to E. side of Kimbark Ave., including 
70th and 72nd Sts. I. C. stations. 

S. side of 89th St., to N. side of 91st St., 
from E. side of Yates Ave.. East to Lake 
Michigan, including South Chicago station at 
91st St. and Brandon Ave. 

It's Not Such a Cold World Nowadays for Too-Soon Babies 

> A>( 




The charming sixteen-month-old baby pictured (center) began life in Presbyterian Hospital 
is a tiny premature. Also shown are exterior (left) and interior views of one of the 
even air-conditioned incubator cubicles in our new nursery for premature babies. The nurse 
s shown feeding a baby by dropper. Each cubicle is completely enclosed and equipped with 
ill facilities for the complete care of the infant, who need never leave his little house until 
he is ready to go home. The master air-conditioner brings to each cubicle air from the 
wtside, which is filtered, heated to proper temperature, and humidified by a system of 
lutomatic controls. Piped oxygen connections are another feature. These cubicles, designed 
iy our hospital superintendent in collaboration with the pediatric department, are the first 
if the kind installed in Chicago. 

Some Famous Men Began Life as Prematures 

According to an article by Rose A. Laughlin in a recent issue of Hygeia, published 
:>y the American Medical Association, not a few of the world's most famous scientists, 
tuthors, statesmen, and military leaders began life as prematurely born or otherwise 
weak and immature babies. Among those cited are Sir Isaac Newton, who discovered 
gravity; Charles Robert Darwin, scientist and author; George Curvier, French scientist 
md educator, Voltaire, Rosseau, Napoleon, and Victor Hugo. Unusual care provided 
?y the mothers and other relatives of these famous men enabled them to survive baby- 
hood, just as the modern baby incubator, modern pediatrics, and expert hospital care 
iow save the lives of hundreds of premature infants each year m this country. 

Quoting from the article in Hygeia: 

"One wonders how many thousands of pre- 
natures might have lived to attain fame, had 
;hey received modern care. Until comparative- 
y recent times, it was a matter of chance that 
i baby born too soon escaped immediate death. 
But so rapid has been the progress of modern 
sediatrics that nowadays it is probable that 
:he premature infant receiving immediate hos- 
pital care not only can be saved but can grow 
jp to be healthy and normal. 

"In a study on physical and mental develop- 
ment of premature infants, it was found that 
boys "catch up" in weight with full-term boys 
3y the fourth or fifth year. Premature girls 
always weigh slightly less than full-term girls. 
There was no difference in mentality, the 
school rating being equally as good." 

Pediatricians now regard any baby who 
weighs less than five pounds, eight ounces as 
immature, whether born prematurely or at 
term. Among the many premature babies cared 
for in Presbyterian Hospital in recent years 
were a number whose birth weights ranged 
from forty ounces to three and one-half 
pounds, and who now arc normal, healthy 
youngsters, as are also many others who were 
not so small at birth. 

In addition to those born in the hospital, 
prematures are brought in frequently horn 
homes of the district by the Out-Patient Ob- 
stetrical Department, usually in our portable 
incubator. Free care is given to many pre- 
mature babies, whose parents are unable to 
meet the expense involved, particularly if hos- 
pitalization must be prolonged. 

In striking contrast to our new incubator 
cubicles is the water-heated, box-type incu- 
bator which helped to save the lives of the 
Dionne Quints. It was found in the Chicago 
warehouse of Sharp & Smith and rushed to 
Callander, Ont. by the Chicago American. 
It aroused much interest when exhibited in 
our hospital lobby this summer. A tank in 
the bottom of the box is filled with hot water 
through the small tank on the outside (right), 
and emptied through the faucet at the bottom. 




Two Sessions Are Held Here 

Two of the demonstrations sessions of 
the Seventh Annual Institute for Hos- 
pital Administrators were held in our 
hospital. The Institute held Sept. 5-16 
was sponsored by the American Hospital 
Association in cooperation with the Uni- 
versity of Chicago, the American Col- 
lege of Surgeons, the American Medical 
Association, the American College of 
Hospital Administrators, the Chicago 
Hospital Council and 21 hospitals in the 
Chicago metropolitan area. 

One of the early advocates of estab- 
lishing institutes for hospital administra- 
tors was Mr. Asa S. Bacon, superinten- 
dent of Presbyterian Hospital, who first 
proposed the plan at the American Hos- 
pital Association convention in 1907. In 
an article m the August number of 
Hospitals, Mr. Bacon traces the story of 
the movement which resulted in the 
establishing of training courses in several 
universities but did not culminate in the 
short practical institute course until 1933 
when the first institute of this kind was 
held in Chicago, with 163 hospital execu- 
tives from all parts of the country m 

Institute Fills Need 

While heartily approving the offering of 
university courses to would-be hospital ad- 
ministrators, Mr. Bacon and other active hos- 
pital leaders felt that the short practical insti- 
tute course was needed as part of an initial 
training program and also as a refresher course 
in hospital administration for those already 
filling executive positions in'hospitals. 

That the institute has filled a genuine need 
is proved by the success of those held in 
Chicago annually since 193 3 and the fact 
that similar institutes are now being held each 
year in different sections of the country. 

At This Hospital 

Mr. Bacon was coordinator for the sessions 
held in our hospital. The following subjects 
were presented on Sept. 5 : 

Business Methods — Mr. Herman Hensel, 
assistant superintendent, and Mr. Leslie D. 
Reid, Auditor. 

Patients' Library — Miss Selma Lindcm, 

Management of Information and Telephone 
Services — Mrs. Helen Losand, chief telephone 

Special Service and Admission of Patients — 
Miss Ruth Smith and Mrs. Pauline Campbell, 
special service department. 

Control of Visitors to Patients — Theodore 
Primis, information clerk. 

Housekeeping — Miss Bcrnice Stein, execu- 
tive housekeeper. 

Painting Mr. George J. Scheidel, Jr., head 
of the hospital paint shop. 

Subjects and speakers at the session on 
Sept. I 4 were: 

Centralized Food Service Miss Beulah 
Hunzickcr, director of dietetics. 

Medical Records -Miss Lois Baker, head of 
the department. 


Ten distinguished surgeons from Great 
Britain were guests at an operative clinic 
in our hospital, conducted by Dr. Edward 
Allen, Sept. 5. The visitors were mem- 
bers of the Gynecological Travel Club 
of the British Isles and were headed by 
Mr. Rivet of London as leader of the 
tour. In the group were men from Lon- 
don, Leeds, Bristol, and Manchester, 
England; Dublin, Ireland; Glasgow and 
Edinburgh, Scotland. Luncheon was 
served in the hospital dining room to 
20 guests, including the foreign visitors 
and members of our gynecological staff. 

The same group attended a clinic at 
St. Luke's Hospital on Sept. 4 and visited 
the Chicago Lying-in Hospital while in 
the city. 


Sunday morning services were resumed in 
the hospital chapel on Sept. 17 with a good 
attendance, including patients, nurses, and 
visitors. Services begin at 1 1 : 1 5 A.M. and 
last only a half hour. The hospital chaplain, 
Rev. Russell L. Dicks is in charge. 

Medical Staff News 

Dr. Robert H. Herbst was the guest speaker 
on urology at the Rocky Mountain Medical 
Conference held at the University of Utah in 
Salt Lake City, Sept. 5. He delivered two 
lectures and conducted a round table confer- 
ence. Rush alumni and former Presbyterian 
interns at the conference included Dr. Martin 
Lindem and Dr. Clifford J. Pearsall of Salt 
Lake City, and Dr. George Fister of Ogden. 

Dr. Frank V. Theis and Dr. A. H. Mont- 
gomery were speakers at the meeting of the 
American Association of Railway Surgeons at 
the Palmer House, Sept. 11-13. Dr. Theis 
spoke on "Diagnosis and Treatment of Frost- 
bite." Dr. Montgomery's topic was "Some 
Suggestions in the Treatment of Intestinal 

Dr. Montgomery addressed the Wisconsin 
State Medical Society convention in Mil- 
waukee, Sept. 14, on "Some Congenital 
Anomalies in Children and Their Treatment." 

Vascular Therapy — Dr. Frank V. Theis, di- 
rector of department. 

Fever Therapy — Dr. D. W. Kobak, director 
of the department, assisted by Misses Mar- 
garet Datzman and Verona Hardy. 

Dr. Kobak also told the visitors about our 
Occupational Therapy department, Miss Win- 
ifred Brainerd who is in charge of this work 
being away on vacation. 

Care of Premature Babies Dr. John T. 
Mason, resident pediatrician; Miss Louise Mor- 
lcy, supervisor; and Mr. Frank Mahr, engineer, 
who discussed mechanics of equipment. 

Ice cream, waters, and coffee were served 
to institute guests at the conclusion of each 
session held here. 

Miss Beulah Hunzickcr. director of dietetics 
also was consultant on "Food Service" at a 
group conference at the University of Chicago 
on Sept. 9. 


Dr. and Mrs. Michael Kinney O'Heeron 
are the parents of a son, born in the hospital, 
Sept. 7. The baby has been named Michael 
Kinney, Jr. Mrs. O'Heeron is the former 
Betty Bingham, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
John Bingham of Glen Ellyn. Mrs. Bingham 
is one of the active workers on the Woman's 
Board and Mrs. O'Heeron has given much 
valuable service as a volunteer worker in the 
hospital. Dr. O'Heeron, former resident urol- 
ogist, is continuing special work in this field 
as assistant to Dr. Herman L. Kretschmer. 

Another prospective future doctor is the son 
born to Dr. and Mrs. Francis M. Lyle in 
June. His name is Richard Whitmore. Dr. 
Lyle is resident surgeon on the hospital staff, 
and previously served an internship here. Mrs. 
Lyle is the former Grace Koontz, 1937 gradu- 
ate of the School of Nursing. 



Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 





FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable Edw. D. McDougal, Jr. 

Alfred T. Carton Fred A. Poor 

Philip R. Clarke Theodore A. Shaw 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Rev. John Timothy 
John B. Drake Stone. D.D. 

James B. Forgan R. Douglas Stuart 

Albert D. Farwell J. Hall Taylor 

Alfred E. Hamill John P. Welling 

Charles H. Hamill Edward F. Wilson 


Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 
Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 
Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 
Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 

WILBER E. POST, M.D President 


ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 





Director Emeritus 

Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital. 


he IPtebyf mm Jto 

tke Gity &y Qklcago' 



Chicago, 111. 

November, 1939 

Vol. 31, No. 10 


Rush Will Become Graduate 

School — No Undergraduate 

Work After 1942 

Presbyterian Hospital is to remain in 
its present location on the West Side of 
Chicago, and will cooperate with the Uni- 
versity of Chicago in developing Rush 
Medical College as a graduate school of 
medicine. These important decisions of 
the respective boards were announced 
early in October by Mr. John McKinlay, 
president of the Board of Managers of 
the hospital, and President Robert M. 
Hutchins of the University of Chicago. 

Undergraduate work will continue at 
Rush for the next three years through 
July 1942, to provide completion of train- 
ing for the junior class entering next 
autumn (1940). Undergraduate training 
also will continue at the School of Medi- 
cine on the university's midway campus, 
and after 1942 will be offered there ex- 

Dr. Post is Dean 

Dr. Wilber E. Post has been named 
dean of the Rush Graduate School of 
Medicine. Dr. Emmet B. Bay, dean at 
Rush Medical College for the last three 
years, has resigned and Dr. Earle Gray 
will carry on the undergraduate work as 
assistant dean. A committee representing 
the hospital and the university is formu- 
lating plans for the new graduate pro- 
gram, which it is hoped will be inaugu- 
rated in the near future. This program, 
it is contemplated will emphasize research 
in medical science and provide graduate 
training in the various fields of special- 

Decision to establish Rush as a center of 
graduate medical training terminates discus- 
sions as to the ultimate status of the college 
which have been carried on intermittently 
since 1916. In that year the University of 
Chicago, with which Rush had been affiliated 
from 1898 on, approved plans for the South 
Side medical school, which was opened in the 
(Continued on page 2, col. 1) 


Miss May L. Russell retired on October 1 
after nearly 36 years' service at Presbyterian 
Hospital and in the School of Nursing. In 
company with her sister, Miss Rosamond 
Russell, school librarian for the past eight 
years, Miss Russell will enjoy a well-earned 
rest after her years of strenuous and useful 

As a tangible expression of the apprecia- 
tion felt by her former pupils, members of 
the Alumnae Association presented Miss Rus- 
sell with a check for $500 at a farewell tea 
given in her honor on Sept. 26 at Sprague 

No successor to Miss Russell has been ap- 
pointed, and for the present the faculty duties 
formerly fulfilled by her are being assumed 
by Miss Ella M. VanHorn and Mrs. Carrie 
H. McNeill. 


The School of Nurses (as it was then 
called) of Presbyterian Hospital was a 
lusty infant less than one year old when 
May L. Russell came from Massachusetts 
to become a head nurse m the hospital. 
This event, which took place in January 
1904, marked the beginning of 36 years 
of loyal service to the school and hospital 
and a career which influenced the lives 
of hundreds of student nurses. She shared 
with Miss M. Helena McMillan the task 
of building a school, which achieved and 
held a place in the vanguard of nursing 

Miss Russell had received her prepara- 
tion for nursing at Waltham Hospital, 
Waltham, Mass. Her capabilities and 
fine character soon became evident and 
after serving as a supervisor of surgical 
nursing for five years, she was placed in 
charge of the preliminary department of 
the school in 1909. Four years later she 
became assistant principal. Subsequently 
she was designated in the annual report 
as "Assistant to the Director, Dean of 
Students," "Instructor of Nursing and of 
Ethics," in which triple capacity she con- 
tinued until Miss McMillan's retirement 
a year ago. At that time Miss Russell 
was made acting director of the school, 
carrying this responsibility along with 
her other duties until the new director, 
Miss Dorothy Rogers, took charge on 
Sept. J, 1939. Miss Russell then an- 
nounced her desire to retire from active 
work and her resignation was accepted 
with regret. 

This brief summary of the positions filled 
in the hospital and the school by Miss Russell 
does not tell the story of her loyal devotion 
to these institutions and her inestimable serv- 
ice to the nursing profession. That story is 
written in the hearts and lives of the hundreds, 
who. as student nurses, found in her an under- 
standing friend, wise counsellor, and able 




Floor Show to Be Feature 

Homecoming will be observed again 
this year on Nov. 1 1 by the School of 
Nursing. Alumnae will gather at Sprague 
Home during the day, where a buffet 
luncheon will be served at noon and an 
informal reception held in the afternoon. 

Unusual preparations are being made 
for the dinner-dance on homecoming 
night at the Medinah Club. Dinner at 
7:30 will be enlivened by a floor show in 
which some of our most talented nurses 
and interns will appear m colorful song 
and dance numbers. Dr. Frank W. 
VanKirk, Jr. and Dr. Ralph L. High are 
directing the rehearsals of the military 
drill to be given by eight nurses in 
majorette costumes; the tiller dance by 
six nurses; country dance by nurses and 
interns in farmer and farmerette cos- 
tumes; toy shop song and dance by three 
nurses; ballroom dancing exhibition; and 
"Parade of the Nations" in costume. A 
special feature will be solo tap and ballet 
dancing by Miss Kathryn Davis, a 
talented performer from Pontiac, Mich. 

Nurses taking part in the floor show will 
include: Grace Hubbard, Miriam Fairbanks, 
Esther Bachman, Mildred Schlekau, Adella 
Remus, Margaret Montgomery, Emily Kaim- 
mer, Barbara Brown, Barbara Cruickshank, 
Maxine McCormick, Augusta Heneveld, Betty 
Chapin and Florence Coon, with Lucile 
George playing piano accompaniments. Interns 
in the show include Dr. G. G. Kaufmann, Dr. 
E. L. Smith, Dr. Rene Hardre, Dr. Frederick 
Preston, Dr. Lee Stover, Dr. John Armstrong, 
Dr. High and Dr. VanKirk. 

Dancing to the music of Dick Alexander's 
orchestra will be enjoyed from 10:00 P.M. to 
1 :00 A.M. Mrs. Marcella Kutz is general 
chairman. Tickets at $2.50 per person may be 
obtained in the nurses' office. 



(Continued from page' 1, col. 1) 

autumn of 1927. Rush merged with the uni' 
versity in 1924. 

Chartered in 1837, Rush began its first 
course of instruction in 1843 and is the oldest 
medical school in the Middlewest. It has 
been located on its present site at the corner 
of Harrison and Wood Streets since 1876. 
Presbyterian Hospital was founded in 1883 
through the efforts of Dr. Joseph Presley Ross 
and other members of Rush Faculty, who 
enlisted the interest of prominent Presbyterian 
laymen. At that time it was agreed that 
Rush Faculty should have sole control of 
clinical teaching in the hospital and should 
nominate all members of the hospital's Medi- 
cal Staff. Because of this affiliation the future 
of the two institutions has been considered as 
a unit and one proposal involved moving the 
hospital to the South Side. 

In deciding to remain on the West Side, 
the hospital board gave consideration to com- 
munity needs as well as to the expense in- 
volved in moving the institution to another 

Royston - Warrick 

Miss Alice Royston, dietitian, and Dr. 
William Warrick, resident urologist, were 
married on Oct. 14. Miss! Royston is a grad- 
uate of the University of Illinois and received 
her hospital dietetics training here. She had 
been employed in the dietary department for 
the past two years. Dr. Warrick is a graduate 
of Rush Medical College and served an intern- 
ship in this hospital. 

Sherin - Bennett 

Miss Betsy Sherin, daughter of Dr. and 
Mrs. W. Morley Sherin, and Dr. Joseph R. 
Bennett, assistant attending physician on the 
Presbyterian Hospital Medical Staff, were 
married on Sept. 30 in the chapel of the 
Fourth Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. 
Russell L. Dicks, hospital chaplain. 

Allison - Benson 

Miss Mary L. Allison and Mr. Ted M. 
Benson were married on Oct. 18 at Wheaton. 
Miss Allison, a graduate of Wheaton College 
(1935) and our School of Nursing (1939), is 
a daughter of the Rev. and Mrs. R. M. Alli- 
son, Presbyterian missionaries stationed at 
Tenghsien, Shantung Province, China. Mr. 
and Mrs. Benson plan to work in the foreign 
mission field eventually. 

Watts - Wandel 

Miss Valentine Watts and Mr. E. F. Wan- 
del were married at the Fourth Presbyterian 
Church on Sept. 2. Mrs. Wandel, 1938 grad- 
uate of the School of Nursing, is a staff nurse 
in the hospital examining rooms. 

Hansen - Pierce 

Miss Gladys Hansen and Mr. Stanley Pierce 
were married on Sept. 16. Mrs. Pierce was 
graduated from the School of Nursing in 193 2 
and is a staff nurse on E Floor. 

Johnson - Moore 

Miss Florence Eva Johnson and Mr. Gerald 
W. Moore were married on Aug. 19 in 
Grand Rapids, Mich. Mrs. Moore was grad- 
uated from the School of Nursing in 1935 
and is on the operating room nursing staff. 

McCullah - Klenze 

Mrs. Florence McCullah and Mr. Robert 
O. Klenze were married on Aug. 26. Mrs. 
Klenze is a graduate of the School of Nurs- 
ing, 1935, and was formerly a staff nurse on 
the Children's Floor. She now is in charge 
of the Baby Clinic at Central Free Dispensary. 

Burgess - Whiteside 

Miss Carrie Belle Burgess, 1939 graduate of 
the School of Nursing, was married to the 
Rev. Paul Whiteside on Sept. 15 at the Third 
Presbyterian Church. The couple will have 
charge of student activities at the Third 

Haynes - Kraatz 

Miss Susan Havncs and Dr. P. C. Kraatz 
were married on Sept. 14. Miss Haynes is a 
member of the 1939 graduating class. Dr. 
Kraatz is on the faculty of Chicago Medical 

Richards - Stratton 

Miss Hila Richards, 1938 graduate and 
recently a member of the School of Nursing 
Faculty, was married on Oct. 14, to Dr. James 
D. Strattan of Brcckenndgc, Pa. 




Thanksgiving Offerings Sought 

Although attendance was depleted be 
cause of Tag Day activities of many of '•] 
the members, the first meeting of the 
Woman's Board of the fall season, on 
Oct. 2, was a busy and interesting ses- 
sion, auguring well for another year of 
energetic effort to help the hospital in its 
service to the sick. 

Miss Dorothy Rogers, new director of 
the School of Nursing, was introduced 
and outlined briefly the plans and prob- 
lems of the coming year. Miss Selma 
Lindem, librarian, told of the work done 
under her direction in the interest of 
hospital library service in New York City 
during a six-month leave of absence, and 
said she was glad to be back at work here. 
Mr. Asa S. Bacon, hospital superinten- J 
dent, gave an interesting report of the 
American Association convention in 
Toronto, Canada. 

Jelly and Knitting 

An appeal for increased donations of Jelly 
this fall was made by Mrs. John P. Mentzer, 
chairman of the delicacies committee, who 
announced that empty glasses were available 
to all who would fill them. Mrs. John Bing- 
ham, chairman of the sewing committee, ex- 
hibited an array of attractive mittens and other 
articles, which Mrs. Walter Graff had knitted 
from odds and ends of yarn, and appealed for 
donations of left-over yarn for making articles 
to be distributed to needy patients by the 
Social Service and Children's departments. 

New Film is Available 

Church groups were urged by Mrs. Kellogg 
Speed, vice-chairman of the Thanksgiving 
offering committee, to arrange for silver teas 
and otherwise promote interest in the offer- 
ing. Church chairmen also were reminded 
that the new film made on the Children's 
Floor is available for showing before church 
groups and that requests for the film and for 
speakers should be sent to Mrs. Clyde E. 
Shorey, 601 N. Euclid Ave., Oak Park, 111. 
The next board meeting will be held on 
Nov. 6. 


On Monday, Oct. 23, at the Women's 
Athletic Club, the School of Nursing Com- 
mittee of the Woman's Board sponsored a 
luncheon in honor of Miss Dorothy Rogers, 
director of the school. Mr. John McKinlay, 
president of the Board of Managers; Dr. 
Wilber E. Post, president of the Medical 
Board: and Mrs. Ernest E. Irons, president of 
the Woman's Board spoke in behalf of their 
respective boards, after which Miss Rogers 
spoke briefly on "Present Problems of the 
School." Others present included members of 
the school committee of the Board of Man- 
agers, the executive committee of the Woman's 
Board; Mr. Asa S. Bacon, hospital superin- 
tendent; Miss M. Helena McMillan, director 
emeritus of the school: and Dr. L. C. Gate- 
wood, school physician. Mrs. Alva A. Knight 
is chairman and Mrs. Edwin M. Miller, vice- 
chairman, of the School of Nursing committee. 

lass of 1939 of The Presbyterian Hospital School of Nursing 

■-> &&&$$ 




New Director is Welcomed 

Graduating exercises for 28 seniors 
vere held in the auditorium at Sprague 
iome on the afternoon of October 10. 
Ay. John McKinlay, president of the 
Soard of Managers of the hospital, pre- 
ided. The Rev. J. W. G. Ward, pastor 
if the First Presbyterian Church of Oak 
'ark, delivered the address to the class, 
rhe invocation was by the Rev. Russell 
j. Dicks, hospital chaplain. Miss Doro- 
hy Rogers, director of the school, pre- 
ented the class for diplomas, which were 
onferred by Mr. McKinlay. Miss 
v/Tarion Carlyle, soloist at the First Pres- 
lyterian Church of Chicago, sang two 
lumbers, which were much appreciated 
>y the assembly. Miss Susan Lederer was 
,t the piano for the processional and 
ecessional. Parents and friends of the 
;raduates were guests at a reception in 
he dining room following the exercises. 

Baccalaureate services were held at the 
'hird Presbyterian Church, Sunday evening, 
)ct. 8, the sermon being delivered by the 
lev. Alvyn Ross Hickman, pastor of the 

Alumnae Luncheon Is Held 

Members of the graduating class were guests 
f the Alumnae Association at an open meet- 
ig on Oct. 3 and at luncheon in Marshall 
'ield's Wedgwood tea room on Oct. 6. The 
jncheon also was the occasion for extending 

formal welcome to Miss Dorothy Rogers, 
lew director of the School of Nursing, 
.peakers included: Mr. John McKinlay, presi' 
ent of the Board of Managers of the hos- 
(ital; Miss M. Helena McMillan, director 
meritus of the school: Mrs. David W. 
jraham, only living charter member of the 
Voman's Board and active in the interest of 
he school since the latter was established in 

Fourteen states and two foreign countries 
were represented in the class graduated from 
the School of Nursing on Oct. 10, 1939. 
Graduates are shown in the picture as fol- 

First row, left to right — Nora Z.eta Stauf- 
fer, Paris, Mo.; Grace L. McNutt, Shannon, 
III.; Carrie Belle Burgess, Guatemala, Cen- 
tral America; Emily M. Kaitnmer, Holdridge, 
Neb.; Ruth Ketchie, president of class, 
Ogden, Utah; Barbara Cruickshank, secretary- 
treasurer of class, Sturgis, S. Dak.; Harriett 
Van Buskirk, Flossmoor, III.; Virginia Elaine 
fames, Kirklin, Ind.; Ruth E. Stauffer, Fond 
du Lac, Wis. 

Second row, left to right — Lois Marjorie 
Brown, Moorhead, Minn.; Mary Elizabeth 
Adams, Greensberg, Ind.; Vivian Visscher, 
Holland, Mich.; Lois M. Melges, Altadena, 
Calif.; Ruth O. Servis, New York, N. Y.; 
Beverly Briese, Holstein, la.; Myrtle A. 
Kooreman, St. Louis, Mo.; Grace Ida Fred- 
erick, Oak Park, III.; Charlotte Turner, 
Piqua, Ohio. 

Third (top) row, left to right — Betty 
Minty, Soda Springs, Idaho; Alice L. Marek, 
Congress Park, III.; Dorothy L. Provine, Ma- 
comb, III.; Mary L. Allison, Shantung, 
China; Irene Bonesteel, Huron, S. Dak.; 
Marion L. Berg, St. fames, Minn.; Delphia 
Shaw, Hartville, Mo.; Susan Haynes, Sway- 
zee, Ind.; Mary Ellen Noble, Miles City, 

1903; Mrs. Ernest E. Irons, president of the 
Woman's Board and former member of the 
school faculty; Miss Ruth Ketchie, president 
of the 1939 class; and Miss Rogers. Miss 
Charlotte F. Landt, president of the Alumnae 
Association, presided and welcomed Miss 
Rogers and the 1939 graduates on behalf of 
the Alumnae. Mr. John P. Welling, chair- 
man of the School of Nursing committee, was 
presented to the assembly but had asked to be 
excused from speaking. Luncheon speeches 
were replete with expressions of the optimism 
for the future of the school under the guid- 
ance of the new director, who in her response 
bespoke the cooperation of the Alumnae and 
all friends of the school in the challenging 
task, which she has undertaken. 

Music and a fashion show were presented 
while luncheon was being served. Mrs. Mar- 
cella Kurtz was chairman of arrangements. 


Officers of administration and instruc- 
tion in the School of Nursing and the 
hospital nursing service for the coming 
year are as follows: 

Dorothy Rogers, M.A., R.N. — Director of 
the School and Superintendent of Nurses 

Harriet L. Forrest, R.N. — Assistant Super- 
intendent of Nurses 

Eleanor Smith, R.N. — Assistant Superinten- 
dent of Nurses 

Ella May Van Horn, M.S., R.N. — Instruc- 
tor, Health Advisor and Nurse, School 

Mrs. Carrie H. McNeill, B.A., R.N.— In- 
structor, School 

Elphia Flugum, R.N. — Assistant Superin- 
tendent of Nurses 

Mary Meith, R.N. — Night Superintendent, 

Nelle Crout, R.N. — Assistant Night Super- 
intendent, Hospital 

Mrs. Julia N. Raymon, B.A., R.N. — In- 
structor Nursing Arts, School 

Julia Den Herder, B.A., R.N. — Instructor 
of Sciences, School 

Florence Coon, R.N. — Evening Supervisor, 

Clarisse Galloway, R.N. — Assistant Eve- 
ning Supervisor, Hospital 

Clinical Supervisors 

Mary Louise Morley, R.N. — Pediatric Nurs- 

Bertha Ellingson, R.N. — Nursing in Oper- 
ating Rooms 

Mabel W. Hubbard, R.N.— Nursing in Out- 
Obstetrical Department (Rush Medical Col- 
lege and Central Free Dispensary) 

Jessa Mooney, R.N. — Nursing in Examining 
Rooms and Prenatal Clinic, Hospital 

Ada C. Quinnell. R.N. — Nursing in Out- 
Patient Dept. (Central Free Dispensary) 

Dorothy M. Schafer. R.N. — Assistant 
Supervisor of Nursing in Operating Rooms 

Mary Watson, R.N. — Obstetrical Nursing 

Mary H. Mahr, A.B., R.N.— Surgical Nurs- 
ing (Fourth Floor, Jones Bldg.) 

Astrid Lund, R.N. — Medical and Surgical 
Nursing (B Floor) 

Mrs. Madelon Reeves. B.A., R.N. — Medical 
Nursing (Third Floor, Jones Bldg.) 


Dr. Clifford G. Grulee and Dr. 

Edward Allen of the Presbyterian Hos- 
pital Attending Medical Staff were on 
the program of the First American Con- 
gress on Obstetrics and Gynecology held 
in Cleveland, O., Sept. 11-15. Dr. Grulee 
addressed the Nursing Section on "The 
Problem of the Premature Infant." Dr. 
Allen's address before the Medical Sec- 
tion was on the topic "Some Fundamen- 
tals of Endocrinology in Obstetrics and 

Miss Verda F. Hickcox, 1916 graduate of 
the Presbyterian Hospital School of Nursing, 
was a speaker at the Nurses Section, her topic 
being "Content of a Program of Graduate 
Study in the Hospital and Out-Patient De- 
partment." Miss Hickcox is assistant director 
of the School of Nursing of New York Hos- 
pital, New York City, and head of the Ob- 
stetrical and Gynecological Nursing Service 
and Instruction in that institution. 

* * * 

Dr. Vernon C. David, Dr. Kellogg Speed, 
Dr. H. L. Baker, Dr. F. H. Straus, and Dr. 
Charles M. Bacon attended the American Col- 
lege of Surgeons meeting in Philadelphia last 
month. As vice-president, Dr. David intro- 
duced the foreign guests. Dr. Evarts A. Gra- 
ham of St. Louis was named president for 
1940-41. Dr. Graham, Rush alumnus and 
former Presbyterian intern, is a son of Mrs. 
D. W. Graham, honorary president and charter 
member of our Woman's Board. 

Dr. Norris J. Heckel was in Indianapolis on 
Sept. 26 to address the North Central Branch 
of the American Urological Association on 
"Evaluation of Male Sex Hormone Treatment 
in Urologic Conditions." He also addressed a 
dinner meeting of the Urological Department 
of Loyola University at the Stevens Hotel, 
Sept. 20, on "Present Status of Hormone 
Therapy in Urology." 

* * ' * 

Dr. E. W. Hagens took part in the Chicago 
Laryngological and Otological Society's Octo- 
ber meeting at which Dr. Chevalier L. Jack- 
son of Philadelphia was the guest speaker. 
Dr. Hagens' talk, illustrated with lantern slides, 
was on "Pathology of the Inner Ear in a Case 
of Deafness from Cerebro-Spinal Meningitis." 

At the October meeting of the Chicago 
Neurological Society, Dr. Peter Bassoe gave a 
report on the International Neurological Con- 
gress held in Copenhagen, Denmark in August. 
Dr. and Mrs. Bassoe returned home in Sep- 
tember, sailing without mishap after war had 
been declared. 

At a meeting of the DcKalb County Medi- 
cal Society in DeKalb on Sept. 28, Dr. Adrien 
Verbrugghen presented a paper on "Neurol- 
ogy." Dr. Verbrugghen also was a speaker at 
the Iowa Post-Graduate Assembly in Marshall- 
town in October, his topic being "The Com- 
moner Nervous Diseases of the Spinal Cord." 


Miss Lois Melges, class of 19 39, is the fourth 
member of her family to receive a diploma 
from our School of Nursing. The others are: 
Helen, 1926, now the wife of Dr. Carl F. 
Doehring, Pasadena, Calif.; Grace and Esther, 
1929. The former is now Mrs. H. G. Scott of 
Minneapolis. Miss Esther Melges lives in 

Hollywood, Calif. 

3n flemortam 

Dr. Adam E. Kauffman 

Dr. Adam E. Kauffman, who was an extern 
in the Presbyterian Hospital in 1884-85 died 
Sept. 3 at the age of 83 years. He was taken 
ill last spring while on a Carribean cruise and 
traveled in three different airplanes in order 
to reach Presbyterian Hospital for emergency 
treatment. His condition improved and he was 
discharged from the hospital on June 2, but 
remained in Chicago and attended the interns' 
reunion luncheon held on June 12. He be- 
came ill again and entered the hospital where 
he remained until his death. 

Dr. Kauffman was a student in Rush Medi- 
cal College when he was appointed an extern 
in December 1884. He assisted Dr. L. H. 
Prince, our first hospital intern, in caring for 
patients but did not reside in the hospital. 
Following his graduation from Rush Medical 
College in 1885, Dr. Kauffman was a mem- 
ber of the faculty as an assistant in the 
chemistry. Later he practiced medicine for a 
short time in Iowa but returned to Chicago to 
substitute for Professor Haines at Rush, while 
the latter was absent on a trip to Europe. 
Returning to Iowa he practiced medicine for 
another short period when he gave it up in 
order to travel with his wife, who died in 
1936. Dr. Kauffman is survived by one son, 
Clark, who resides in Leesburg, Fla. and was 
at the bedside of his father much of the time 
during his last illness. 

Mary M. Muir 

Miss Mary M. Muir died in Presbyterian 
Hospital on Sept. 30, 1939, following an ill- 
ness of several weeks. Miss Muir, a native of 
Scotland, had been employed as secretary in 
the office of superintendent of Presbyterian 
Hospital for ten years, leaving here two years 
ago to became secretary to the executive secre- 
tary of the American Hospital Association. 
Her work in the superintendent's office brought 
her in contact with the personnel of every 
department of the hospital during her long 
and valued service here. She was a young 
woman of many capabilities, which combined 
with a natural graciousness won the high re- 
gard of her employers and business associates. 
Her passing brought real sorrow to these and 
a large circle of other friends. 

At Miss Muir's bedside during her last ill- 
ness was her sister, Mrs. Agnes McConnell of 
New York City, her only relative in this coun- 
try. Her parents are deceased and other sur- 
viving relatives reside in Scotland. 

Catherine A. MacAuliff 

Miss Catherine A. MacAuliff, librarian in 
charge of Rush Medical College Library for 
40 years, died on Sept. 6, 1939 at her home, 
213 5 DeKalb Street. During her long period 
of service, Miss MacAuliff had seen Rush 
library grow from a few volumes until today 
it is one of the best medical libraries in the 
country. Three sisters survive — Sister Mary 
Teresina, B.V.M., Mrs. Agnes J. Pidgcon, and 
Miss Ann MacAuliff, assistant librarian at 
Rush Medical College. 

Among those at the Alumnae luncheon 
were a number from a distance, including: 
Mary W, Wilson (1908) of Tracr, Iowa, 
former night superintendent and maternity de- 
partment supervisor; Ella M. Gimmcstad 
(1923), Nursing Service, Midwest Division, 
American Red Cross, St. Louis, Mo.; Mary 
Dickson (1917), night superintendent of City 
Hospital. Akron, O.; Mrs. Mary Comstock 
Graban (1917), Livingston, N. J. 


Employes in the Maintenance, Repairs and 
Power department of the hospital and their 5 
families held a picnic at the Forest Preserves j 
on Sept. 24. Besides the sumptuous picnic I 
dinner, highlights of the day were a baseball j 
game between the engineer's staff and the 
painters and carpenters, in which the sccre 
was 12 to 13 in favor of the engineers; horse- 
shoe contest, won by the painters; races and 
other contests for the women and children; 
and accordion music by Laddie Krall. A silver 
trophy cup was awarded to the winning base- 
ball team, to be retained until next year's 
picnic. George Scheidel, Jr. was manager of 
the paint and carpenter shop team, while Jack 
Jahntz headed the engineers' team. 

Miss Dorothea Beal is a new member of the 
dietitians' staff. She is a graduate of James 
Millikm University at Decatur, 111. and served 
a dietetics internship at Johns Hopkins Hospi- 
tal in Baltimore, Md. 




Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 





FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable Edw. D. McDougal, Jr. 

Alfred T. Carton Fred A. Poor 

Philip R. Clarke Theodore A. Shaw 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Rev. John Timothy 
John B. Drake Stone. D.D. 

James B. Forgan R. Douglas Stuart 

Albeit D. Farwell J. Hall Taylor 

Alfred E. Hamill John P. Welling 

Charles H. Hamill Edward F. Wilson 


Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 

Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 

Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 

Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


WILBER E. POST, M.D. President 


ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 






M. HELENA McMILLAN Director Emeritus 


Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the facultv of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the eeneral purposes of the hospital. 



Hie PresWcrlaffi Hospltta 

tke Glty <y 




December, 1939 

Vol. 31, No. 11 

Although nine-year-old Tony was run over by a truck and had to spend last Christmas in a fracture bed, he was remembered by Santa 
Claus as are alt child patients who are in the hospital on Christmas day. The suit worn by this jolly-looking St. Nick has been worn here every 
Christmas for more than 50 years. Note the genuine old-fashioned sleighbells. 


By Russell L. Dicks, Chaplain 

What shall we think of at Christmas 
— some time when we are alone and 
quiet and the lights are out: 

A young mother. 

Heavy with child upon an ancient road. 

Coming at night to an inn 

But finding no room to he down; 

Only a stable with its straw and don\eys 

and the smell of a barn, 
And in the early morning shepherds and a 

voice and a star; 
These are the pictures of Christmas which 

come to our minds 
When the halls are quiet and the day is 


I think of a dusty road, of a slow moving 
donkey with a man walking beside its head, 
of the heat and sweat of the little animal, 
of the woman who sits silently upon it with 
her mind holding fast to the evening when 
she may lie down. I think of the three of 
them coming to the inn which is crowded and 
noisy and hot, where the sound of many 
voices and the push of many bodies hardly 
seems a welcome to the young woman or to 
the man beside her. 

Have you ever come into a stable from 
the chill night air where the bodies of sleepy 
eyed animals gave off warmth and friendli- 
ness, where the smell of hay and straw made 
you want to lie down? We think of Mary 
and those hours through the night and how 
it went with her and of what comfort she 
drew from the beasts about her and from 
Joseph waiting anxiously by her side. And 
then we think of those men who were shep- 
herds on the hills not far away — where the 
sharp air of the early morning, some hours 
later, cut through their blankets and stirred 
them awake. A voice and a light caused 
them to rise and go to the stable where a 
child had been born. Could anyone passing 
near, who had been awake and not too con- 
cerned with his own comfort, have seen the 
light and heard the voice? Could he have 
gone to see the child also? 

There is beauty and dignity and awe in- 
spiring mystery in the early morning, when 
objects are dim shadows and darkness re- 
treats slowly, when the air penetrates one's 
body and stirs one's mind, when eyes are 
turned to the east to watch the majesty of a 
new day at birth. At such a time one feels 
his smallness: one feels the universe unfold 
before him and with the coming of light and 
the sun one feels the joy of belonging, of 
being secure, of being alive, of being equal 
to the day's work. Have you ever thought: 
suppose the earth should stop just at that 
point before the dawn, when shadows fill the 
low places and objects arc indistinct, when 
the air is cold, when there is only the sound 
of a distant cock crow or a dog's bark to 
add to your loneliness? What if the earth's 
axis broke down and there came no dawn? 
What of those hours if the world stood still? 

The cor 
as i- like 

Christ Child at Ch 
g of the dawn! 


"Peace on Earth, Goodwill toward Men 

Student nurses will go through the corridors singing Christmas carols early on Christ- 
mas morning. Pictured above is the group who sang carols last Christmas. Care is taken not 
to disturb any seriously ill patients but all others seem to regard this as a happy way of 
ushering in the Christmas day that is to be spent in the hospital. 



The 56th annual meeting of the Wo- 
man's Board will he held on Monday 
January 8. The unified report will be 
presented by Mrs. Edward L. Beatie, 
1406J/2 Elmwood Ave., Evanston. Com- 
mittee chairmen are urged to send their 
reports to Mrs. Beatie at once. 

Tag Day Nets #1630 

Tag Day collections amounted to $1,692.71. 
Expenses totaled $61.88 leaving $1,630.84 as 
the net receipts to be used for the support of 
free work for children. Two-hundred and 
nmety-onc volunteer taggers representing 37 
churches worked at total of 1,012 hours — an 
average of 3'/2 hours per tagger. These 1,012 
hours of service were the equivalent of 126'/2 
eight-hour days. 

Thanksgiving Offering 

Mrs. W. B. MeKcand. chairman of the 
Thanksgiving offering committee, reported at 
(he board meeting on Dec. 4 that the amount 
received up to that time totaled $616.33. 
Teas were given by the Fourth Church group, 
at the home of Mrs. Arthur Wirt;: Oak Park 
First, at the home ol Mrs. Louis J. Hanson: 
and United Church of Hyde Park, at the 
home ol Mrs. lames McCulloh. It was an- 
nounced that the Ravenswood group would 
give a tea at the home of Mrs. Robert 
Johanneson on Dec. 8. Donations were re- 
ported from many Other church groups also. 



Homecoming on Nov. 1 1 brought alumnae 
from far and near to the School of Nursing. 
Florence Waggoner came all the way from 
Los Angeles and Phinenah K. Jones was here 
from New York City on her way to the west 
coast to do private duty this winter. Mrs. 
Jane Walter Coon, just back from 13 months 
in Liberia, had much of interest to tell about 
her work as technician-nurse at the Firestone 
Plantations Hospital in that far-away country. 
Space does not permit listing others who came 
from nearby states and various points in 
Illinois. Visitors served at the buffet luncheon 
numbered 12 5, while more than 200 attended 
the afternoon reception and tea. Miss Dorothy 
Rogers, director, and Miss M. Helena Mc- 
Millan, director emeritus, were present to 
greet the homecomers, as were also Miss Char- 
lotte F. Landt, president, and other officers 
ol the Alumnae Association. 

One of the most successful homecoming 
dinner-dances ever given drew an attendance 
of 300 to tire Medinah Club in the evening. 
The floor show presented by nurses and in-, 
terns proved highly entertaining. Miss 
Kathryn Davis, young artist from Holland, 
Mich., gave a group of solo dances which 
added much to the program. 


Miss Dorothy M. Schafer and Mr. Glen H. 
Bylei win iii.iii led on October 7. Mrs. Byler 
was graduated from the School of Nursing in 
1929 and for the last s, x sens has been on 
F Operating room nursing staff. 




Christmas activities sponsored by the 
hospital and made possible through the 
generosity of friends will spread cheer 
and goodwill to patients and personnel 
in the institution during the holiday sea- 
son and to many former patients and 
other needy persons known to our Social 
Service department. Candles on desks, 
gaily decorated trees in waiting rooms 
and wards, wreaths in windows, and 
favors on patients' trays will radiate 
Christmas cheer to all. 

Santa Claus will visit the children's wards 
and student nurses will sing carols in the 
corridors. The usual Christmas party for chil- 
dren of employes and other invited youngs- 
ters will be given at Sprague Home by the 
nurses, who themselves will enjoy a sumptu- 
ous dinner toward which Mrs. Ernest A. 
Hamill has contributed $2?0. The Chicago 
Rotary Club and other friends will provide 
baskets for needy families known to the hos- 
pital because of illness. 

The chaplain, Rev. Russell L. Dicks, will 
conduct special Christmas services in the 
chapel at 11:15 A.M. Sunday, Dec. 24, to 
which patients, doctors, nurses, hospital per- 
sonnel, and visitors are invited. 


Miss Caroline Reichers, formerly in charge 
of the medical library at Billings Hospital, is 
the new librarian at the Rush Medical College 
Library, succeeding Miss Catherine MacAulifF, 
who died in September. Miss Ann MacAulifF 
has been retained as assistant librarian. 


Miss Helen Thurston, professional pup- 
peteer, presented a delightful marionette show 
in the hospital chapel on Nov. 4 for the en- 
joyment of convalescent patients, nurses, and 
visitors. The entertainment was arranged by 
Mrs. Clement Pollock, chairman of the enter- 
tainment committee of the Woman's Board. 

Beg Your Pardon! 

In the story about Miss Russell on page 1 
of the November Bulletin the original name 
of the School of Nursing was given as 
"School of Nurses," whereas the correct title 
in earlier years was "School for Nurses." 

One name was inadvertently omitted in list- 
ing the names of those in the second row in 
the picture of the 1939 graduating class on 
page 3 of the November Bulletin. For the 
benefit of those who are keeping a file of 
these Bulletins, the entire paragraph is re- 
printed correctly so that it may be clipped 
and pasted over the incorrect portion of the 
original picture caption: 

Second row, left to right — Lois Marjorie 
Brown, Moorhead, Minn.; Mary Elizabeth 
Adams, Greensberg, Ind.; Grace Cooper, 
Whitsinville, Mass.; Vivian Visscher, Hol- 
land, Mich.; Lois M. Melges, Altadena. 
Calif.; Ruth O. Servis, New York, N. Y.; 
Beverly Briese, Hoist ein, la.; Myrtle A. 
Kooreman, St. Louis, Mo.; Grace Ida Fred- 
erick, Oak Park, III.; Charlotte Turner, 
Piqua, Ohio. 


The above picture, taken in the main kitchen of the hospital last Christmas morning, 
shows a scene which will be re-enacted again this Christmas when the chef carves the 
turkeys which will be served to patients and hospital personnel with "all the trimmings." 
Some of the specially decorated goodies and several fruit cakes, made in the hospital 
bakery, are shown at the right. 


From Asa S. Bacon, Superintendent 

To our patients go our best wishes and our promise to do everything possible to surround 
them with an atmosphere of cheerfulness and hopefulness, not only during the holiday season 
but as long as they remain with us. 

To our Board of Managers and Woman's Board, whose members give so generously of 
their time and means that this institution may exemplify throughout the year the spirit of 
the Christmas season. 

To the Ministers and Churches of the Chicago Presbytery, whose support and encourage- 
ment help to make possible our service to the "least of these." 

To our Medical Staff, whose lives are dedicated to the relieving of human suffering 
and the curing of physical ills, and who give their services so willingly to the less fortunate 
of our community. 

To our Nursing Staff, who serve the sick so patiently and untiringly through the busy 
hours of the day and the silent watches of the night — standing guard over human life, faith- 
fully carrying out the instructions of the doctors, competently meeting emergencies that arise 
from hour to hour, and ministering to human welfare and comfort by means of every resource 
at their command. 

To the members of the Executive Staff and to all other hospital personnel, whose work 
whether classed as professional, technical or the so-called menial tasks of kitchen, housekeeping, 
and maintenance employes, is an essential factor in our ministry to the sick and injured. 

To all friends, whose goodwill, volunteer service, and financial support make 
it possible for our hospital to function as a community institution, with doors 
always open to sick and suffering humanity. 


"A quiet weekend" was the way news- 
papers described a recent visit to Chica- 
go of former President Herbert Hoover 
and Mrs. Hoover. However, there was 
considerable excitement in this vicinity 
when Mr. Hoover walked into Presby- 
terian Hospital that Saturday afternoon 
to call on a personal friend who hap- 
pened to be a patient at the time. Bill 
Tranchita, outside policeman on duty at 
that hour, was greeted with a friendly 
handshake. Charlie Marmon, who was 
running the pavilion elevator, also re- 
ceived a cordial greeting from the former 
president. Of course, everyone recognised 
the distinguished visitor and by the time 
he emerged from the building, a crowd 
had collected across the street hoping for 
a glimpse of Mr. Hoover. On the whole, 
it was an exciting afternoon for hospital 
personnel and other people in this vicinity. 


No spring class will be admitted to the 
School of Nursing in 1940. This decision was 

Mi, ul. In i .nis, , ,| hunt, id, in ,il pi e-cnt housing 
facilities. The school now has an enroll- 
ment of 187. 

Jessie Stevenson (1921) recently resigned 
her position with the orthopedic division of 
the Visiting Nurse Association of Chicago, 
and has gone to New York City, where she 
will work as orthopedic consultant for the 
National Organization for Public Health 

Mrs. Pauline Vieregg Campbell (1928) has 
accepted a position as office nurse for Dr. Harry 
Hubcr of the Medical Staff. Mrs. Campbell 
was one of the clerks m the admitting office 
from 1934 to 1938 and for the past year has 
been an assistant in the Special Service de- 
partment of the hospital. 





Clinical Meetings Held Here 

Dr. James B. Herrick, consulting physi- 
cian on the Presbyterian Hospital Medi- 
cal Staff and professor emeritus of medi- 
cine at Rush Medical College, is the 1941 
president-elect of the Inter-State Post 
Graduate Medical Association of North 
America. He was named to this office at 
a business meeting held in connection 
with the International Medical Assembly 
of the association in Chicago, Oct. 30- 
Nov. 3. 

Presbyterian Medical Staff members on the 
assembly program included Dr. Herrick, Dr. 
R. C. Brown, Dr. H. L. Kretschmer, Dr. C. J. 
Lundy and Dr. W. O. Thompson. Dr. Brown's 
topic was "Treatment of Peptic Ulcer." Dr. 
Kretschmer spoke on "The Present Status of 
Transurethral Resection," and Dr. Thompson 
conducted a diagnostic clinic on "Clinical 
Types of Pituitary Disease." Dr. Lundy spoke 
on "Rheumatic Heart Disease." More than 
6 000 eminent physicians and surgeons from 
all parts of the world attended the assembly. 

Chicago Surgical Society 

Members of the Surgical and Medical Staffs 
presented a clinical program before the Chica- 
go Surgical Society on Nov. 3. Operations 
were performed by Dr. Vernon C. David, Dr. 
Kellogg Speed, and Dr. Albert H. Montgome- 
ry, following which clinical presentations on 
various subjects were given in the chapel by 
Dr. A. L. Rosi, Dr. John Dorsey, Dr. Hillier 
Baker, Dr. A. H. Montgomery, Dr. Adrien 
Vernbrugghen, Dr. H. Oberhelman, Dr. Speed, 
Dr. Carl B. Davis, Dr. Frank V. Theis, Dr. 
Stanley Lawton, Dr. W. J. Potts, Dr. Dean 
L. Rider, Dr. Francis H. Straus and Dr. 
Edwin M. Miller. Visitors and staff members 
were luncheon guests of the hospital. 

At the evening scientific program session in 
the University Club, Dr. Frank V. Theis and 
Dr. M. R. Freeland presented a paper on 
"Smoking and Thromboangiitis Obliterans." 

Clinical Research Club 

The Central Clinical Research Club com- 
posed of university medical school teachers 
in six states held its fall meeting in Presby- 
terian Hospital and Rush Medical College on 
Nov. 2. The program was presented by Dr. 
Frank B. Kelly, Dr. R. K. Gilchrist, Dr. H. 
N. Sanford, Dr. J. B. Eycrly, Dr. H. C. 
Breuhaus, Dr. L. W. Avery, Dr. Leo K. Camp- 
bell, Dr. A. H. Stanton and Dr. Carl Apfel- 
bach. Forty-five visitors and staff members 
were guests of the hospital at luncheon. 

Chicago Heart Association 

Rush Medical College and Presbyterian 
Hospital were hosts to a meeting oi Clinical 
Section of the Chicago Heart Association on 
Nov. 24. Sessions were held in the auditorium 
at Sprague Home and luncheon was served 
by the hospital. Those on the program were: 
Dr. Edwin F. Neckerman, Dr. Bertram G. 
Nelson, Dr. Benjamin Hilkevitch, Dr. Arthur 
Parmclcc. Dr. Eleanor Leslie, Dr. C. J. 
Lundy, Dr. Frank N. Wilson, Dr. Earle Gray, 
Dr. Stuyvesant Butler. Dr. Frank V. Theis, 
Dr. W. A. Thomas, Dr. John Post, Dr. Cm! 
Apfelbach, and Dr. Alva A. Knight. 

The lovely tree pictured above was one of 
several which radiated Christmas cheer in 
the hospital last year. It was in the west 
waiting room. 


Dr. R. T. Woodyatt was one of 23 lecturers 
at the Twelfth Annual Graduate Fortnight of 
the New York Academy of Medicine which 
was held from Oct. 23 through Nov. 3. 

Dr. Edward Allen was one of the speakers 
in a symposium on "Nutritional Deficiency," 
sponsored by the Chicago Medical Society at 
Northwestern University Medical School on 
Nov. 15. Dr. Allen's topic was "Nutritional 
Deficiencies During Pregnancy." 

Dr. Clark W. Finnerud was elected vice- 
president of te American Academy of Derma- 
tology and Syphilology at a meeting in Phila- 
delphia, Nov. 6-8, at which he gave four 
illustrated lectures and conducted a round 
table discussion on "Diseases ol the Mouth." 

Dr. Clifford G. Grulcc addressed a meet- 

g of the Southern Illinois Medical .Vmhij 
in in Mt. Vernon, Nov. 2. 

Dr. Willard L. Wood was guest speaker at 
,i meeting ol the Milwaukee County and City 
Medical Association. Nov. 10, his topic being 

Dr. W. O. Thompson gave three lectures 
on "Endocrinology" at the post-graduate day 
in medicine at the University of Toledo on 
Nov. 3. He also was one ol the speakers at 
tlu meeting oi tin- Central Society lor Clini- 
cal Research at the Drake Hotel on Nov. 4. 


The Rev. and Mrs. Russell L. Dicks are 
receiving congratulations on the birth of their 
first child, a son who has been named Dale 
Smith. Mr. Dicks is the hospital chaplain. 
The baby was born on Nov. 1. 

Drs. Willard O. and Phoebe K. Thomp- 
son are the parents of a baby girl born in 
this hospital on Nov. 28. The baby is their 
third child and first daughter. She will be 
called Nancy Kirsten. 

Dr. and Mrs. Willard DeYoung, 8710 S. 
Rockwell St., are the parents of a baby 
daughter, Jane Elizabeth, born in this hospi- 
tal on Nov. 13. Dr. DeYoung is a former 
Presbyterian intern and Mrs. DeYoung is a 
graduate of the School of Nursing (1932). 

Twin sons, born in this hospital to Mr. and 
Mrs. Edgar Richard of 734 Wrightwood Ave., 
have different birthdays although born only 
41 minutes apart. Donald arrived at 11:41 
P.M. on Nov. 21 and his brother Paul was 
born at 12:22 A.M. on Nov. 22. Mr. Richard 
is head of the science department at Francis 
Parker Preparatory School. 

Dr. and Mrs. Egbert H. Fell are receiving 
congratulations on the birth of their third 
child, a daughter, born in this hospital on 
Dec. 4. The baby has been named Jane Eliza- 
beth. Dr. Fell, former resident surgeon, is 
now an assistant surgeon on the attending staff. 


Telephone: Seeley 7171 


JOHN McKINLAY President 





FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Ass*. Secretary 

Arthur G. Cable Edw. D. McDougal, Jr. 

Alfred T. Carton Fred A. Poor 

Philip R. Clarke Theodore A. Shaw 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Rev. John Timothy 

John B. Drake Stone. D.D. 

James B. Forgan R. Douglas Stuart 

Albeit D. Farwell J. Hall Taylor 

Alfred E. Hamill John P. Welling 

Charles H. Hamill Edward F. Wilson 

Rev. Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 
Rev. Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 
Rev. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 
Rev. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


WILBER E. POST, M.D. President 


ASA S. BACON Superintendent 

HERMAN HENSEL Asst. Superintendent 






M. HELENA McMILLAN Director Emeritus 


Florence Slown Hyde, Editor 

The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid, and 
nursing, to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of Rush Medical 
College of the University of Chicago. 

The Board of Managers call attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purposes of the hospital.