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= of the City of Cnicaqo = 


icago, Illinois 


Vol. 41, No. I 

Specialized Care Saves Lives of Many Premature Babies Here 

83 Per Cent Attain Normal 

Development Despite 

Handicapped Start 

Commenting on the fact that the 
greatest single cause of infant deaths is 
premature birth, an article titled "Too 
Many Babies Die" in the March 1949 
issue of the Woman's Home Companion 
characterizes Chicago's premature pro- 
gram as "the finest in the world." 

As one of the three premature stations 
utilized by the Chicago Department of 
Health to care for premature babies 
born in other hospitals and in private 
homes, Presbyterian Hospital shares 
largely in carrying out the program 
which has made Chicago world famous. 

Of particular interest, also, is the fact 
that the death rate for premature babies 
born in this hospital and those referred 
by the Health Department was only 
17.5% in 1947 as compared to Chicago's 
low death rate of 19.0% for that year, 
the latest for which comparable statistics 
are available at this time. 

In 1948 an equally good record was 
achieved in Presbyterian Hospital. Of 
122 prematures cared for, 101 survived 
and attained, or if admitted late in the 
year are well on the road to attaining, 
normal development. 

Any baby who weighs less than five 
and a half pounds at birth is regarded 
by pediatricians as a premature who re- 
quires special care until it reaches that 
weight and is physically fit in other 

Three units for the care of premature 
infants are located in the Children's 
Department on the fifth floor. Here as 
many as 20 premature infants often are 
found at one time. All premature babies 
born in the hospital are transferred to 
one of these units immediately follow- 
ing birth. 

Approximately one-third of the pre- 
matures cared for are referred to the 
hospital by the Department of Health 
after being born in other hospitals or in 
private homes. The health department 

"Just who is this person, 
anyway?" Judy Ellen Barone 
seems to be asking as she is 
held for the first time in the 
arms of her happy mother, 
Mrs. Anthony Barone, after 
spending 15 weeks in the 
Premature Department of 
Presbyterian Hospital. When 
Judy Ellen was brought here 
on April 4, 1948, after hav- 
ing been born in another 
hospital, she weighed only 
1 lb. 15 ozs. On July 21, 
1948 when the picture at the 
right was taken just before 
she went home, Judy Ellen 
weighed 5 lbs. 10 % ozs. and 
was normal in every respect. 
She has continued to thrive 
and on March 3, 1949, at 11 
months, weighed 17 lbs. 14 ozs. 

For 12 weeks after her 
arrival here, Judy Ellen was 
kept in one of the glass 
inclosed cubicles designed 
especially to safeguard very 
small babies and others in 
poor condition. (Picture on 
page 2) Three blood trans- 
fusions helped to save the 
flickering life. She was fed 
by passing a tube through 
the mouth into the stomach 
until she was sufficiently de- 
veloped to swallow and take 
a bottle in normal fashion. 

regulations require hospitals and, in the 
case of home deliveries, physicians to re- 
port all premature births within 24 
hours. All hospitals licensed to give ma- 
ternity care must be equipped with 
incubators and other necessary facilities 
for the immediate care of prematures, 
but many of these do not have adequate 
facilities and nursing personnel to con- 
tinue such care over a period of weeks 
or months. Hence, the health depart- 
ment arranges for the transfer of such 
babies to one of its authorized pre- 
mature stations, usually within a few 
hours after birth. 

The three premature units at Presby- 
terian Hospital are used to care for 

babies in various stages of development. 
Those who weigh under three pounds 
and those who are larger but in poor 
condition are placed in the unit which 
is equipped with incubator cubicles, each 
a separate little room, completely in- 
closed and containing all facilities for 
the complete care of the infant. Auto- 
matically controlled temperature, with 
filtered and humidified air, provide con- 
ditions which approximate those sur- 
rounding the baby before birth. Oxygen 
is piped directly to each cubicle. This 
unit was constructed ten years ago and 
has been an important factor in saving 

See Premature Babies, page 2, col. 1 


(Continued from page l, col. 3) 

the lives of scores of small prematures. 
Infants who weigh over three pounds, 
who are in good condition otherwise, re- 
quire only a limited amount of oxygen 
are placed in the second unit, which is 
equipped with the latest type of ap- 
proved incubators. These are constructed 
so that oxygen can be supplied directly 
into each incubator. Other features are 
the automatically controlled temperature 
and humidity within each incubator. 

The third premature unit is used for 
the care of infants over five pounds and 
those who do not require extra tempera- 
ture elevation or oxygen. Here, infants 
in "graduating class," who have attained 
Ave pounds and whose condition is good 
in other respects, are prepared to go out 
into the world. They are ready to do 
the latter when they weigh at least five 
and a half pounds, are able to take an 
ordinary nursing bottle, and hold a 
normal temperature of 98.6 under con- 
ditions such as will surround them in 
their own homes. 

All premature infants are fed by 
gavage until they weigh Ave pounds. 
This method consists of passing a tube 
through the mouth into the stomach. 

The feeding consists of a special 
formula of which the main constituent 
is mother's milk, obtained from the 
breast milk bank maintained in the hos- 
pital. This bank obtains milk from 
mothers in the Maternity Department; 
some is bought from mothers with an 
excess supply; and some is furnished 
by the Health Department. All milk 
that is not processed for immediate use 
is frozen and stored in the milk bank 
for future use, thus affording an ever 
constant supply. 

Blood transfusions are given when the 
infant's condition demands this, as are 
also other forms of specialized medical 

The Premature section is under the 
direct supervision of Dr. Heyworth N. 
Sanford, chairman of the Department of 
Pediatrics and Dr. Mary Kostalik of the 
Pediatrics Staff. Resident pediatricians on 
call day and night assist in giving medical 
care. Nursing care is in charge of Miss 
Mary Morley, supervisor of the Chil- 
dren's Department, and a staff of grad- 
uate nurses. Student nurses assist as 
part of their clinical experience in 
pediatric nursing. 

Nursing School Committee to 

Sponsor Fashion Show at 

Fields' on Apr. 4 

A gala fashion show and tea in the 
Wedgwood room at Marshall Fields' 
store on April 4 at 3:30 will be sponsored 
by the School of Nursing Committee of 
the Woman's Board to raise funds for 
scholarships and honor awards, as well 
as other projects to assist the school. 
Tickets at $3.50 are being sold under the 
direction of Mrs. Alan Lockard and Miss 
Helen McNair. Mrs. Burke Williamson 
is chairman of the School of Nursing 
Committee, whose excellent report for 
1948 is summarized in another column 
of this issue of the Bulletin. 

Above, left, one of the seven completely enclosed individual cubicles comprising 
the premature units for care of premature babies weighing under three pounds, or 
those who are larger but in very poor condition. Right, interior view of one of the 
cubicles, showing nurse giving a supplementary feeding with a medicine dropper. 
Each cubicle contains all facilities for the complete oare of the infant. 

Pictured above is a portion of the premature unit for the care of babies that 
weigh over three pounds and are in good condition otherwise. Each incubator is 
equipped to provide automatically controlled temperature and humidity, as well as 
oxygen. Note the oxygen tank between the two incubators. 

— 2 — 

Woman's Board Reviews 

Year of Work on Behalf of Hospital 

Dr. Franklyn Bliss Snyder 

Is Guest Speaker at 

Annual Meeting 

The broad service given by the 
Woman's Board not only is of direct 
help to the hospital in its humanitarian 
work, but also serves as a stimulus to 
■the hospital's many other supporters, 
Philip R. Clarke, president of the hos- 
pital Board of Managers, said at the 
65th annual meeting of the Woman's 
Board on Feb. 7 in the auditorium of 
the Sprague Home for Nurses. In ac- 
cordance with a custom of many years, 
President Clarke presided. 

Devotionals consisted of prayer by Dr. 
Louis W. Sherwin, hospital chaplain, and 
the vocal rendition of "The Lord's 
Prayer" by Raymond Griswold, who is 
employed as an orderly in the hospital 
while studying music at DePaul Uni- 

Following the business session, Dr. 
Franklyn Bliss Snyder, president of 
Northwestern University, gave an infor- 
mative address in which he traced the 
contribution of women to hospitals from 
the time of Fabiola, 1,600 years ago, to 
the present. The women in ancient 
Rome gave us the pattern, he said, for 
v/hat we are doing today but, due to the 
rise of socialism and the idea that gov- 
ernment should do everything, the hos- 
pital system fell into decay along with 
the Roman Empire. 

Pointing out that Florence Nightingale 
in England and Louisa Alcott, Clara 
Barton and Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell in 
this country laid the foundation of to- 
day's nursing standards and that women 
have shared largely in helping our hos- 
pitals to become what they are today, 
Dr. Snyder warned that forces are now 
at work similar to those which hurried 
Rome to its fall. He urged his hearers 
to inform themselves regarding the pro- 
posed federal compulsory health insur- 
ance and let their congressmen and the 
U. S. Senators from Illinois know of 
their opposition to this legislation. 

Slated for Hospital Presidency 

Dr. Snyder's appearance as guest 
speaker was of particular interest due to 
his recent election as a member of the 
Board of Managers with the expectation 
that he will assume the presidency fol- 
lowing his retirement at Northwestern 
next July. 

During the business session, reports 
were presented and officers elected. The 
report of the treasurer, Mrs. Gordon B. 
Wheeler, showed total receipts of $39,469 
for the year 1948, raised mainly through 
direct contributions. Funds were ex- 
pended to provide free hospital care for 
children, special nursing care for serious- 
ly ill ward patients, insulin, drugs and 
blood transfusions for dispensary pa- 
tients, and various other charitable 
purposes. The board also supported the 
hospital library for patients and per- 
sonnel, with a fulltime librarian in 
charge; assisted the School of Nursing 
as described in another column; and 
contributed funds to help support the 
diabetic, gynecology, tumor, and hema- 
tology clinics and medical research. 

Mrs. Allin K. Ingalls 
At the annual meeting of the Woman's 
Board on Feb. 7, Mrs. Ingalls was re- 
elected president for a fifth term, after 
filling the office capably for four years. 
In accepting the office for another year, 
Mrs. Ingalls expressed her appreciation 
to the loyal corps of officers and other 
workers who carry on the Board's many 
activities, and to the Board of Man- 
agers, hospital superintendent, medical 
director and department heads for their 
unfailing cooperation. 

In her report as recording secretary, 
Mrs. Harry J. Williams said that the 
Board's active membership totaled 329 
women, including 260 representatives 
from 53 churches, general and Winnetka 
Auxiliary members. 

Mrs. E. Hall Taylor presented the 
summarized report of the accomplish- 
ments of the fund-raising committees. 
Through direct contributions from Board 
members, the committee headed by Mrs. 
R. Douglas Stuart, chairman, and Mrs. 
Albert B. Dick, Jr., vice-chairman, raised 
a total of $4,373.50. Mrs. Halford H. 
Kittleman, chairman, Miss Helen Mc- 
Nair, vice-chairman, and members of 
the Contributors' Fund Committee, col- 
lected $3,565 from 215 donors. 

Mrs. Homer D. Jones and her co- 
chairman, Mrs. Hugh MaeLeish, reported 
that 41 churches shared in the Thanks- 
giving offering, teas having been given 
by 14 groups. Total receipts of $5,271 
were added to the Ida B. Graham Me- 
morial Fund, established to provide 
scholarships for postgraduate work, con- 
valescent care and other assistance to 
graduate nurses. 

Associate members gave $2,136 through 
the efforts of the committee headed by 
Miss Elizabeth E. Maltman, chairman, 
and Mrs. Varten Melconian, vice- 

Tag day workers, under the leader- 
ship of Mrs. Stanley Whitford and an 
able group of district chairmen, netted 

See Woman's Board Reviews, p. 4, col. 2 

Mrs. C. Frederick Childs Is 

Honored for Many Years 

of Active Service 

In recognition of her many years of 
active service as an officer and member 
of the Woman's Board, Mrs. C. Fred- 
erick Childs was named honorary presi- 
dent at the annual meeting on Feb. 7. 
She succeeds Mrs. David W. Graham, 
whose death occurred last May. 

Among the offices filled capably by 
Mrs. Childs were recording secretary for 
several years, president from 1928 to 
1933, and member of the executive com- 
mittee and the advisory council. In her 
work for the hospital, Mrs. Childs has 
carried on the worthy tradition estab- 
lished by her grandparents, the late Mr. 
and Mrs. Daniel A. Jones and her 
mother, the late Mrs. O. S. Newell. The 
Daniel A. Jones Memorial Building still 
stands as a wing of the hospital. Both 
Mrs. Jones and Mrs. Newell served as 
officers of the Ladies Aid Society, fore- 
runner of the present Board. In fact, 
Mrs. Newell and Mrs. Childs are the 
only mother and daughter whose names 
appear on the roster of past presidents. 
Miss Madeline Newell, sister of Mrs. 
Childs is an associate member of the 

Fourth generation descendants of Mr. 
and Mrs. Daniel A. Jones include: Mrs. 
Childs' daughters, Mrs. W. Scott McBride 
and Mrs. William A. P. Pullman, life 
members of the Woman's Board; and 
her neices, Mrs. Lawrence Lunlap Smith, 
formerly recording secretary and now a 
member of the Advisory Council, and 
Mrs. A. B. Dick, Jr., vice-chairman of the 
Board Members Fund Committee. 

Mrs. Allin K. Ingalls of River Forest 
was re-elected president after having 
given outstanding service in this capacity 
for four years. Mrs. Gordon B. Wheeler 
of Hinsdale who has been the efficient 
treasurer for 10 years was prevailed 
upon to accept this important task for 
another term. She will have the help of 
a new assistant treasurer, Mrs. Charles 
Balfanz of Evanston. 

Name Other Officers 

In addition to the president and trea- 
surer, the following officers were re- 

Vice-Presidents — Mrs. R. Douglas Stuart, Mrs. 

Alva Knight, Mrs. Phillip R. Clarke, ami 

Mrs. Burton W. Hales 
Recording Secretary — Mrs. Harry J. Williams 
Assistant Recording' Secretary — Mrs. Grover C. 

Corresponding Secretary — Mis. Woodruff J. 


Mrs. Wilber E. Post is a new member 
of the Advisory Council, succeeding Mrs. 
Frank S. Smith, whose death occurred 
in November, 1948. 

New members of the Executive Committee 
for the term expiring three years hence are: 
Mrs. Frederick H. Baird, Mrs. Vernon C. 
David, and Mrs. Bernard P. Smith. Reelected 
for the three-year term are: Mrs. Arlindo S. 
('ate, Mrs. George S. (liappell, Jr., Mrs. John 
l>em, Mrs. Walter A. Graff, Mrs. George A. 
Macdonald, and Mrs. Albert H. Montgomery. 

Mrs. Norman B. Freer, Mrs. Edwin Irons, 
and Mrs. Charles C. Shedd were named to fill 
vacancies on the Executive Committee for the 
term expiring January 31, 1950. 

— 3 

Medical Staff Men Take 
Part in Central Surgical 
Society Annual Meeting 

Several members of the surgical staff 
of Presbyterian Hospital appeared on 
the program of the annual meeting of 
the Central Surgical Society, in Cleve- 
land, Feb. 18 and 19. 

Dr. Danely Slaughter and Dr. Fred- 
erick dePeyster gave a paper on 
"Pharyngeal Neurilemmonas of Upper 
Cranial Nerve Origin: Medical Displace- 
ment of the Internal Cartoid Artery as 
a Diagnostic Sign." 

Dr. E. H. Fell, in collaboration with 
Dr. B. M. Gasul of the Cook County 
Hospital attending staff, gave a paper on 
"Surgical Treatment for Tricupsid 

Dr. R. K. Gilchrist, collaborated with 
Dr. R. Albi of the Cook County Hospital 
resident staff, in a paper on "Trachio- 
Esophageal Fistula Caused by Blunt 

"A New Method for Constructing a 
Skin Covered Permanent Illeostomy" 
was the subject of a paper by Dr. John 
H. Olwin and Dr. Clarence Monroe. 

Dr. Charles G. Puestow gave a paper 
with Dr. Max Sadove of Hines V. A. 
Hospital on "Postoperative Management 
of Gastroesophageal Surgery." 

Dr. Warren Cole addressed the annual 
dinner on "Nationalization of Medicine" 
and also gave a paper at one of the 
other sessions. 

Dr. Edwin M. Miller discussed papers 
presented by Dr. C. H. Maguire of Louis- 
ville on "Surgical Management of 
Omphalocele" and a paper on "Effect of 
Distention Upon Intestinal Revascular- 
ization" presented by Dr. R. J. Norcross 
and Dr. J. W. Derr of Detroit. 

Medical Staff News 

At the meeting of the Chicago 
Laryngological and Otological Society on 
Feb*. 7, Dr. Stanton A. Friehberg spoke 
on "Reconstructive Surgery in Gunshot 
Wound of the Neck and Larynx." 

Three members of the Presbyterian 
staff took part in the program of the 
Chicago Surgical Society on Feb. 4 at 
the University Club. Dr. John H. Olwin 
collaborated with Dr. John Helmer in 
presenting a paper on "Double Primary 
Carcinoma of the Stomach"; Dr. John 
M. Dorsey spoke on "The Transthoracic 
Approach to Tumors of the Adrenal"; 
and Dr. James Merricks was one of the 
discussants of the latter paper. The 
clinical meeting of the Chicago Surgical 
Society was held at Presbyterian Hos- 
pital in the forenoon of the same date. 

Dr. Heyworth Sanford gave talks at 
several professional meetings in the 
middle South recently. At the Mid- 
South Postgraduate Medical Assembly in 
Memphis he spoke on "Care of the Pre- 
mature Infant." He also gave talks at 
the Memphis Pediatric Society on "Re- 
cent Advances in the Treatment of 
Hemophilia"; the University of Tennes- 
see Medical School on "Hemorrhagic 
Disturbances in Infancy"; and the Uni- 
versity of Arkansas Medical School in 
Little Rock on "Problems in the Care 
of the Newborn." 

Cross of Legion of Honor is 

Presented to Dr. Kretschmer 

By French Government 

In a quiet ceremony conducted recent- 
ly at his residence, Dr. Herman L. 
Kretschmer was invested with the Cross 
of the Chevalier of the Legion of Honor 
of France. The presentation was made 
by Consul General Jean Joseph Viala, 
who stated that France was proud to 
confer this honor on Dr. Kretschmer 
because of his scientific achievements in 
the field of medicine and medical edu- 
cation, as well as his leadership in the 
preservation of the P'asteur monument. 

When the monument in memory of 
the great French bacteriologist was to 
be removed from Grant Park a few 
years ago, Dr. Kretschmer led in form- 
ing the Pasteur Memorial Association, 
became its president, and raised funds 
to relocate the monument in Convales- 
cent Park, just west of Presbyterian 

On Jan. 11, Dr. Kretschmer gave the 
first Charles Taylor Urological Lecture- 
ship address at the University of Okla- 
homa School of Medicine in Oklahoma 
City. In December, he was elected presi- 
dent of the Institute of Medicine of 
Chicago for 1949. 


(.Continued from page 3, col. 2) 

$2,883 for the care of children, while 
the Child's Free Bed Fund endowment 
was increased by $4,279 through contri- 
butions from 68 Sunday schools. Mrs. 
Kenneth C. King, chairman, reported. 
Contributions from parents and relatives 
of babies born in the hospital added 
$702 to the Babies Alumni Fund, Mrs. 
William A. Douglass, chairman. 

The report of Mrs. Anthony Michel, 
treasurer of the Winnetka Auxiliary re- 
vealed that $1,518.50 was given to the 
Woman's Board for various funds and 
that $3,899.50 was raised in 1948 for the 
Barbara Ann Smith Memorial Fund to 
establish a ward for teen-age girls. 

Completing her first year as chairman 
of the School of Nursing Committee, 
Mrs. Burke Williamson reported that the 
benefit fashion tea sponsored by her 
group netted $1,526.80. Funds were ex- 
pended to provide books for the School 
of Nursing library, a projector and 
slides, $100 awards to two outstanding 
members of the 1948 graduating class, 
and a $100 scholarship for postgraduate 
work at the University of Dubuque, 
Iowa. Mrs. Edwin M. Miller, vice- 
chairman, reported that two scholarships 
were awarded the past year to junior 
student nurses who are preparing for 
work in the foreign missionary field. 

Highlights from the reports of the 
Board's service committees as presented 
by Mrs. Edwin N. Irons will be pub- 
lished in the next issue of the Bulletin. 

Dr. Howard M. Sheaff addressed the 
Woman's Civic Club of Berwyn, Jan. 15 
on "Your Heart is Worth Protecting." 

— 4 — 



Pounded in 1883 


Telephone SEeley 3-7171 


PHILIP R. CLARKE President! 

R. DOUGLAS STUART Vice-President! 

SOLOMON A. SMITH Treasurer! 


FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Ralph A. Bard 
Alfred T. Carton 
James 0. Cunningham 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
John B. Drake 
James B. Forgan 
Alfred E. Hamill 
Stanley G. Harris 
Edward D. McDouqal. Jr 

John McKinlay 
Donald R. McLennan, Jr. 
Fred A. Poor 
John M. Simpson 
Franklyn B. Snyder 
J. Hall Taylor 
John P. Welling 
Edward F. Wilson 

Clarence S. Woolman 


Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 
Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 
Alvyr. R. Hickman, D.D. 
W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


WILLIAM G. HIBBS, M.D Medical Director 

LESLIE D. REID Superintendent 






M. HELENA McMILLAN Director Emeritus 



The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not'for-profit corpora 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid and; 
nursing to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of the Univer 
sity of Illinois College of Medicine. 

The Board of Managers calls attention to: 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purpose of the hospital 
and welcome contributions to the following 
special funds: 

Children's Floor 

Special Nurses for Children 

Blood Donors Fund 

Study of Disease by the Hospital Staff 

Research in the Department of Medicine 

Heart Fund 

Gastro-Intestinal Research 

Research in Diseases of the Ear, Nose, and 

Pediatrics, Experimental and Research 
Urological Research 
Eye Department Educational Fund 

Child's Free Bed 
Bacon Endowed Nurse 
Babies' Alumni 
School of Nursing 
Maternity Care 
Social Service 








= of + h e City of Cnicac|o = 

Chicago, Illinois 

APRIL, 1949 

Vol. 41, No. 2 

Easter Gifts of Sunday Schools Live on to Care for Less Fortunate 


Pictured above are two of the many sick children who received care in Cheer Up 
Beds during the past year — care made possible by the Easter offerings from the 
Sunday Schools. Through gifts from 68 Sunday Schools a total of $4,279 was added 
in 1948 to the Child's Free Bed Endowment Fund, sponsored by the Woman's Board. 
If each of these 68 schools will increase its offering this year and other schools that 
did not give in 1948 will do so, the $5,000 needed to name Cheer Up Bed No. 16 
will be obtained in honor of the 37th anniversary of the establishment of this fund 
which makes possible the hospital's ministry to "the least of these." 

1949 Contributions Will Be 

Used for Fund to Name 

Cheer Up Bed No 16 

One of the most pleasing facts about the 
pennies, nickels, dimes, and larger coins 
or "folding money" which the Sunday 
Schools of the Chicago Presbytery col- 
lect at Easter time for the Child's Free 
Bed Fund of Presbyterian Hospital is 
that these gifts live on to help provide 
care for sick children year after year. 
This is true because the money is added 
to the. Child's Free Bed Endowment Fund 
and only the income from the endow- 
ment is expended. 

Thus one wonders how many men and 
women now active as leaders and work- 
ers in Presbyterian Sunday Schools and 
Churches of the Chicago area were 
among the children who shared in the 
offerings collected back in 1912 when the 
Woman's Board started the plan of 
setting aside the Easter offerings of the 
Sunday Schools to establish a permanent 
endowment fund for the free care of 
children. No doubt many of those 1912 
child donors and many who gave in the 
years that followed are now parents or 
grandparents of children who will share 
in the 1949 offerings. And, whether the 
gift carries on a worthy family tradition 
or comes from an entirely new friend, it, 
too, will live on to help make sick chil- 
dren well through all the years to come. 

Through some special gifts received 
early in 1949, the Cheer Up Bed Endow- 
ment Fund reached the $75,000 mark, 
thus making it possible to name the 15th 
bed in the Children's Department. In 
earlier years the annual income from 
$5,000 was sufficient to support one 
child's free bed throughout the year. 
Although this is no longer true, due to 
increased costs of providing care, the 
hospital has continued the plan of nam- 
ing a "Cheer Up Bed" in one of the 
children's wards for each $5,000 given by 
the Sunday Schools and other friends 
to the endowment fund for this purpose. 

Who are the children who receive the 
free care that is thus provided? Many 
are from homes that are poor in every 
sense of the word; others are from 

See Easter Gifts Live On, page 2, col. 1 




For more than 65 years Churches and 
Sunday Schools of the Chicago Presby- 
tery have observed Easter Sunday by 
making contributions to help Presby- 
terian Hospital emulate the example of 
the Good Samaritan. Since 1912 the 
offerings from the Sunday Schools (as 
explained in another column) have been 
set aside for the Child's Free Bed 
Endowment Fund. On the other hand 
the offerings taken at E'aster Sunday 
church services or contributed through 
some other plan by the churches are 
used to provide hospital care for needy 
adults and help support the charity 
service given by the clinics of Central 
Free Dispensary, now operated as the 
Outpatient Department of the hospital. 

During 1948 a total of 10,059 different 
individuals made 67,080 visits to 26 de- 
partments of Central Free Dispensary 
which held 82 clinic sessions each week. 

Child patients who received care in 
the Pediatrics Clinic numbered 1,475 
who made a total of 4,383 visits. In 
addition, 248 babies and pre-school chil- 
dren received care through 1,090 visits to 
the Child Health Conferences. 

Dispensary patients referred for bed 
care in Presbyterian Hospital numbered 
963, most of whom were unable to pay 
anything for the care received. The Com- 
munity Fund and welfare agencies con- 
tributed a part of the cost of care pro- 
vided to some patients but funds received 
from these sources amounted to less than 
half of the actual outlay by the hospital 
for the care of these patients. 

In addition to those referred by the 
Dispensary, other free or part-free pa- 
tients were referred by members of the 
attending staff and by churches or other 
agencies. Still others were admitted as 
emergency patients who had been injured 
in accidents or stricken with sudden ill- 

Concurrently with the free care pro- 
vided by the hospital, more than 100 
physicians and surgeons on the hospital 
attending staff and the outpatient staff 
generously contributed their skilled serv- 
ices to these patients. 

Easter Gifts Live On 

(Continued from page 1, col. 3) 

homes broken by death or divorce; still 
others are children of hard-working, self- 
respecting parents whose incomes are 
not sufficient to meet the expense of 
hospital and medical care. Many are 
admitted through the outpatient clinics 
while others are referred by various 
agencies and still others are brought in 
by parents as emergency patients suffer- 
ing from serious illness or accidental 
injuries. Some of the 101 premature 
babies whose lives were saved here in 
1948 as described in the last issue of the 
Bulletin were given free or part-free 
care through this fund, since some 
parents who are able to meet ordinary 
expense of maternity care lack funds to 
pay for the prolonged hospitalization re- 
quired by a premature baby. 

Among those who have received ex- 
tensive hospitalization in Cheer Up Beds 
is a boy, now eight years old, who has 

Through the generosity of two members of the Children's Department Committee 
of the Woman's Board, patients in that department now enjoy the thrills of television. 
This committee, of which Mrs. S. Austin Pope is chairman, also provides holiday 
parties and other pleasant diversion for child patients, both private and free. 

By their offerings at Eastertide, 
the Churches of the Chicago 
Presbytery are saying to THEIR 
hospital what the Good Samaritan 
said to the innkeeper in whose 
care he left the injured man found 
by the roadside, "take care of him; 
and whatsoever thou spendest 
more, I, when I come back again 
will repay thee." 

been admitted six times for treatment of 
high blood pressure and a kidney infec- 
tion. The father, a tenant farmer, was 
able to pay only a small portion of the 
total bill of $571.75 for care given to this 

It's always gratifying to correct a 
deformity and give a child a chance to 
live normally. One such patient was a 
little girl of seven, who had a successful 
operation on the heart for a rare con- 
dition and whose hospital bill, including 
blood transfusions amounted to $219. 
Her father who had four to support on 
a small income was able to pay only a 
small part of the cost of care provided. 

In one family, two children, a baby 
girl of 10 months and her three-year- 
old sister, were admitted at the same 
time. Both were given penicillin and 
the baby, being treated for an upper 
respiratory infection, a blood transfusion. 
The three-year-old, who had broncho- 
pneumonia, made a rapid recovery after 
penicillin treatment. The father had 
left the family and the mother was 
unable to meet the bill amounting to 

How costly the rusty nail can be was 
shown in the case of one nine-year-old 
boy admitted for an acute infection of 

Nursing School Scholarships 
Awarded by Woman's Board 
to Daughters of Missionaries! 

Providing scholarships for students 
who plan to become missionary nurses 
has long been one of the important 
projects of the Woman's Board and the: 
Board has reason to feel proud of the 
outstanding records of these nurses in 
both the home and foreign fields. 

At least 70 graduates of the School of 
Nursing have served or are now serving 
in many different countries, according to 
Mrs. Edwin M. Miller, vice-chairman of 
the School of Nursing Committee in 
charge of scholarships and loans. 

Two recent recipients of scholarships 
will serve under the Presbyterian Board 
of Foreign Missions following gradua- 
tion. Both are daughters of missionaries 
now in the foreign field. One of these 
scholarship students is Miss Lorene 
Lyon, whose parents, Rev. and Mrs. Wil- 
liam Barkley Lyon, returned last year to 
Taegu, Korea, where they had been sta- 
tioned for 25 years prior to the recent 
war. The other scholarship recipient, 
Miss Harriet Bussdicker, is a daughter 
of Dr. and Mrs. Russell D. Bussdicker, 
who have been stationed at Kermanshah, 
Iran, since 1922, under the Presbyterian 
Board of Foreign Missions. Dr. Buss- 
dicker is a medical missionary and Mrs. 
Bussdicker is a graduate nurse. 

one foot which had picked up the nail. 
An abcess had to be opened and both 
penicillin and crysticillin were given. 
The father, unemployed, was unable to 
pay the bill of $118.50. 

— 2 — 

Child patients in the children's wards can now pretend that artistic talent and ingenuity of the hospital's head painter, 
they are paying a visit to the zoo, what with all the lifelike George Scheidel, Jr., the animal cutouts were placed in realistic 
animal decorations recently applied to the walls. Through the woodland settings, adding interest and educational value. 

The Eye Clinic is one of the busiest departments of Central 
Free Dispensary, Outpatient Department of Presbyterian Hos- 
pital. Pictured above are a few of the 1,274 different patients 
who made a total of 5,596 visits to this clinic the past year. 

Within the last two years the physical facilities of the de- 
partment have been greatly expanded and improved to provide 
the latest scientific equipment for the diagnosis and treatment 
of eye conditions. Here, Dispensary patients receive at little or 
no cost to themselves the skilled services which save and con- 
serve one of their most valuable faculties — eyesight. Treat- 

ments includes the use of many of the new and effective 
medicines which are both costly and hard to obtain. 

The educational program of the department embraces the 
training of five resident physicians in ophthalmology, four eye 
technicians, and members of the hospital staff, as well as teach- 
ing of medical students of the University of Illinois. 

Both the clinic and the educational program are directed 
by Dr. J. M. Donegan, chairman of the Department of 



Totalitarian methods of control of 
medicine are no more welcome in Japan 
which had them prior to the war than 
they will be here should the United 
States adopt a program for socialized 
medicine, Dr. Ernest E. Irons told the 
Woman's Board at its March meeting in 
an address on "Totalitarian Medicine." 
Dr. Irons, president-elect of the Ameri- 
can Medical Association was a member 
of a committee of five that visited Japan 
last year, at the invitation of General 
Douglas MacArthur, to make a survey 
of the medical welfare of the people. 

Under the pre-war totalitarian system 
membership was compulsory in the 
Japanese Medical Association and most 
of the doctors were on salary, all medi- 
cal men in harness to the government, 
Dr. Irons reported. Following the war, 
when the old system was abolished and 
a new and democratic association formed, 
56,000 of Japan's 68,000 physicians im- 
mediately joined. Dr. Irons declared 
that Japanese doctors do not believe in 
socialized medicine. 

This, he said, is certainly as true of 
American physicians and the American 
Medical Association intends to take its 
message of "freedom for medicine and 
freedom of American democracy" to 
every citizen through an extensive 
public relations program. He urged his 
hearers to add one more volunteer serv- 
ice by writing to their representatives 
in congress protesting the passage of the 
bill which would impose government 
medicine on a people who do not want it. 

Discusses Attitude of Hospitals 

The attitude of state and national hos- 
pital associations toward a compulsory 
health insurance plan was discussed by 
Leslie D. Reid, superintendent of Presby- 
terian Hospital and secretary of the Illi- 
nois Hospital Association. He urged in- 
creased government co-operation and co- 
ordination with the voluntary hospital 
system which has given Americans medi- 
cal care on the highest level in the 
world. A system which has brought us 
to this point should not be scrapped for 
a compulsory tax, government dominated 
program, but the extension of Blue Cross 
Plans and other voluntary methods 
should be the concern of everyone, he 
pointed out. 

Mrs. Philip R. Clarke, vice-president, 
presided in the absence of Mrs. Allin K. 
Ingalls, president, who was out of town. 

Service Committee Reports 

Due to lack of space the highlights 
from the reports of the activities of 
the various service committees were not 
included in the account of the Woman's 
Board annual meeting published in the 
last issue of the Bulletin. 

In the summary of these reports 
presented by Mrs. Edwin N. Irons, each 
committee was commended for its time- 
consuming contributions to the total 
force of the Board's program. 

Brief tributes were also paid to two 
members Who were lost by death in 1948, 
Mrs. David W. Graham and Mrs. Frank 
S. Smith. The memorial service for Mrs. 
Graham was reported in a previous issue 

of the Bulletin. Mrs. Smith, whose death 
occurred in November, 1948 had been a 
member of the Board for many years, 
serving as chairman of the Oak Park 
First Church group and as an active 
member of various committees. 

Social Service Committee 

The report of the large Social Service 
Committee, headed by Mrs. Clyde E. 
Shorey, showed how the Woman's Board 
contributed funds and volunteer assis- 
tance which were an important factor 
in enabling the department to render 
services which added greatly to the 
permanent value and effectiveness of the 
free and part-free care provided by the 
hospital in its beds and the outpatient 

The Delicacies Committee, Mrs. Joseph 
S. Mahon, chairman, reported that 
churches and individuals contributed 
3,348 jars of jellies and jams and 162 
jars of fruit juices for ward patients, 
and $254.00 in cash. 

Library Serves Many 

Mrs. Harold J. Nutting, chairman of 
the Library Committee, reported that 
21,178 books and 16,201 periodicals had 
been circulated among patients and hos- 
pital personnel by the library, a major 
project of the board. Book sales brought 
in receipts of $344.85 which was used to 
buy new books and for other needs. 
Mrs. Nutting also reported that patients 
and hospital personnel were appreciative 
of the Monday concerts in the library. 

Due to illness in her family, Mrs. Wil- 
liam H. Symmes, chairman of the Needle- 
work Guild and Silver Committee, was 
unable to prepare a complete report. 
However, a report from the hospital 
linen room showed that 9,320 towels and 
571 baby garments were 1 completed 
through the efforts of the committee. 
Mrs. M. R. McDaniel, vice-chairman, re- 
ported that 26,000 soap coupons were 
exchanged for 420 teaspoons, while other 
coupons were redeemed for $14.83 in 

Volunteers giving service in the hos- 
pital averaged 57 per month, it was re- 
ported by Mrs. Burton W. Hales, com- 
mittee chairman. Among the 70 volun- 
teers listed, 43 gave regular service. 
Mrs. Louise Ray was cited as having 
given the greatest number of hours in 
any one month. 

Hospital Easter Services 

Dr. Louis W. Sherwin, D.D., hospital 
chaplain, has announced that services 
will be conducted in the chapel on Easter 
Sunday at 11:30 A.M. and on Good 
Friday at 11:00 A.M. 

There will be special music at both 
services and Dr. Sherwin, who v/as 
pastor of Highland Park Presbyterian 
Church for many years, will bring mes- 
sages that will be well worth hearing 
by those who find it possible to attend. 

Patients, attending and house staff 
members, student and staff nurses and 
other hospital personnel are invited to 
the services. 


Founded in 1883 


Telephone SEeley 3-7171 



R. DOUGLAS STUART Vice-President 

SOLOMON A. SM ITH Treasurer 


FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Asst. Secretary 

Ralph A. Bard John McKinlay 

Alfred T. Carton Donald R. McLennan, Jr. 

James D. Cunningham p rec | ^ p oor 

Albert B Dick. Jr. John M. Simpion 

John B. Drake _ . . „ c r 

James B. Forgan Frank yn B Snyder 

Alfred E. Hamill J - Hal1 Ta y |or 

Stanley G. Harris John P. Welling 

Edward D. McDouqal, Jr Edward F. Wilson 
Clarence S. Woolman 


Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 
Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 
Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 
W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


WILLIAM G. HIBBS. M.D _ Medical Director 

LESLIE D. REID _ _ Superintendent 




MRS. ALLIN K. INGALLS _ President 


M. HELENA McMILLAN Director Ementut 




The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose 
of affording surgical and medical aid and 
nursing to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of the Univer- 
sity of Illinois College of Medicine. 

The Board of Managers calls attention to 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purpose of the hospital 
and welcome contributions to the following 
special funds: 

Children's Floor 

Special Nurses for Children 

Blood Donors Fund 

Study of Disease by the Hospital Staff 

Research in the Department of Medicine 

Heart Fund 

Gastro-Intestinal Research 

Research in Diseases of the Ear, Nose, and 

Pediatrics, Experimental and Research 
Urological Research 
Eye Department Educational Fund 

Child's Free Bed / , 

Bacon Endowed Nurse i Maintained 

Babies' Alumni ) by 

School of Nursing J Woman's 

Maternity Care I Board 
Social Service ' 



= of He City of Cnicac|o = 

Chicago, Illinois 

MAY-JULY, 1949 

Vol. 41, No. 3 

Hospital Cared for 14,483 

Patients Last Year — Half 

Had Health Insurance 

Philip R. Clarke, president of the City 
National Bank and Trust Company, was 
re-elected president of the Presbyterian 
Hospital at the 66th annual meeting held 
in May. Dr. Franklyn Bliss Snyder was 
elected vice-president with the expec- 
tation that he will assume the presidency 
in September following his retirement 
from the presidency of Northwestern 

R. Douglas Stuart, vice-president; 
Solomon A. Smith, treasurer; Albert D. 
Far well, secretary; Fred A. Poor, James 
D. Cunningham, Jr., and Ralph A. Bard, 
members of the Board of Managers for 
four-year terms. At a previous meeting 
of the Board, John P. Welling was made 
an honorary manager in recognition of 
his long service on the Board. 

Thirty per cent of the 14,483 patients 
admitted to Presbyterian Hospital the 
past year had Blue Cross hospital insur- 
ance and an additional 20 per cent had 
some other form of voluntary health and 
hospital insurance, Leslie D. Reid, super- 
intendent, reported. 

Ten per cent of the 146,945 days' care 
given to bed patients was provided on a 
free or part-free basis to those unable 
to meet the expense, while 10,059 differ- 
ent individuals made a total of 67,080 
visits to the outpatient clinics maintained 
by the hospital in Central Free Dis- 
pensary. Of these visits, 44,229 were 
made by patients who were unable to 
pay the nominal clinic fees. Some of this 
expense was met by welfare agencies and 
a considerable portion by the Communi- 
ty Fund, Mr. Reid explained, adding that 
the remainder was met by income from 
endowment funds and donations by 
churches and individuals. 

In his report, Dr. William G. Hibbs, 
medical director, said that the new re- 
search facilities had been completed in 
the Biochemistry, Pathology, Medicine, 
and Surgery Departments and that 65 
separate research projects were being 
carried on. The teaching program of the 
hospital embraces the training of 30 
interns, 45 residents in medical and 
surgical specialties, five fellows in re- 
search, and 85 undergraduate medical of 
the University of Illinois. 

A.M.A. President 

Ernest E. Irons, M.D. 

At the 98th Annual Session of the 
American Medical Association, held in 
Atlantic City, June 6-10, Dr. Ernest E. 
Irons, consulting physician on the 
Presbyterian Hospital Medical Staff, was 
installed as president of the Association 
for the current year. Dr. Irons is the 
seventh member of the hospital staff to 
fill this high office, a distinction that no 
other hospital can claim. Five of the 
seven were elected president while serv- 
ing on the staff, while two were former 
members at the time of their election. 
The list of those so honored follows: 

Dr. Nicholas Semi, 1897 

Dr. Frank Billings, 1903 

Dr. John B. Murphy, 1911 

Dr. Arthur Dean Bevan, 1918 

Dr. Dean D. Lewis, 1933 

Dr. Herman L. Kretsclnner, 1945 

Dr. Ernest E. Irons, 1949 

Dr. Irons, a member of the Attending 
Medical Staff of Presbyterian Hospital 
since 1907, is a graduate and former dean 
of Rush Medical College. At present, he 
is Rush clinical professor of medicine 
emeritus on the faculty of the University 
of Illinois College of Medicine. 

Registration for 1949 Fall 

Class Still Open — Plan 

New Nurses' Residence 

Registration is still open for the class 
that will enter the School of Nursing on 
September 19. At the time of going to 
press 58 students had been accepted, with 
a number of applications pending and a 
goal of 65 to 70 students. Interested high 
school graduates may obtain a copy of 
the 36-page illustrated School Announce- 
ment and a set of admission forms by 
addressing a request to Miss Henrietta 
Froehlke, Director, School of Nursing, 
Presbyterian Hospital, Chicago 12, Illinois. 
Arrangements for a personal interview 
may be made also by writing or telephon- 
ing Miss Froehlke. 

Plan New Nurses' Home 

Students who enter the School at this 
time may look forward to being among 
those who will occupy the new nurses' 
residence for which plans have been 
drawn, and which must be completed 
within the next 18 months to two years 
so that the present Sprague Home may 
be razed to make way for the new 
Congress Street superhighway. 

The residence, a 15-story structure, 
will be erected at 1733-51 Harrison Street, 
directly across from the Harrison Street 
side of the hospital, and will be con- 
nected with the latter by a subway. In 
addition to single rooms for student and 
staff nurses, the building will provide 
classrooms, laboratories, library, lounges, 
and recreation facilities. 

Announce New Affiliations 

Two new affiliations, through which 
Bachelor of Science degrees may be ob- 
tained by Presbyterian Hospital School 
of Nursing students, were consummated 
this Summer with the University of Illi- 
nois and Lake Forest College. Affiliations 
with five other well-known colleges had 
been made previously. 

Under a program to be inaugurated 
this Fall by the University of Illinois in 
cooperation with Presbyterian, Cook 
County, Michael Reese and St. Luke's 
nursing schools, a B.S. degree in nursing 
will be available to those who complete 
a two-year pre-nursing course at the 
University of Illinois in Chicago or 
See New Affiliations, page 2, col. 2 

Commencement Held by School 

of Nursing for 1949 Class 

Numbering 55 Graduates 

Fifty-five 1949 graduates of the Presby- 
terian Hospital School of Nursing par- 
ticipated in commencement exercises 
held on May 5 in the Fourth Presbyterian 
Church. Of the graduates, 20 were mem- 
bers of the class that completed the 
three-year course in March, while the 
remaining 35 will complete the course 
this Fall, having entered in September 

Philip R. Clarke, president of the Hos- 
pital Board of Managers, presided at the 
commencement exercises and conferred 
the diplomas. School pins were presented 
by Mrs. Allin K. Ingalls, president of the 
Woman's Board. Mrs. Burke William- 
son, chairman of the Nursing School 
Committee of the Woman's Board, pre- 
sented honor awards, as described else- 
where. Of the 55 graduates, 14 were resi- 
dents of Chicago, 20 were from 19 other 
Illinois communities, and 21 came from 
9 other states. 

Officers of the March class were: Avis 
Ludwig, president; Shirley Larson, secre- 
tary; and Margaret Adams, treasurer. 
Others in the class were: 

Doris Beem 
Harriet Bussdicker 
Vivian Congreve 
Dorothy Feldkamp 
Patricia Flynn 
Huth Gantzert 
Elizabeth Granstroin 
Dorothy Hansen 
Lois Harwood 
Lorene W. Lyon 

Virginia McDonald 
Bernadine Miller 
Nadine Murphy 
Elizabeth L. Parehert 
Eleanor Bae 
Eleanor Hott 
Pauline Schmarje 
Elaine Thomson 
Eldonna Mood 
Dorothy L,. Mood 

In September Class 

Officers of the September class are 
Iris Willsey, president; Elene Wallem, 
vice-president ; Bette Stroberg, secretary ; 
and Margaret Nokelberg, treasurer. 
Others in the class are: 

Margaret Bamhrick 
Ann Becka 
Barbara Brehin 
Carol Brunswick 
Florence Collier 
Jane Costic 
Mary Jane Cuff 
Audrey Dale 
Lila DePree 
Joyce Glover 
Jean Grisso 
Carol Hay ward 
Betty Holmberg 
Margaret Isehi 

Helen Kreider 
Audrey Kruse 
Jeanette Bane 
Margaret MacMurdo 
Mary Jane Mallory 
Shirley Masek 
Dorothy Miezuga 
Virginia Ohlis 
Katherine Pallissard 
Marilyn Poppie 
Carol Smith 
Patricia Taif 
Barbara TJre 
Dorothy Woodin 

Announce Capping Exercises 

Capping exercises for the Spring class 
which entered the School on March 20, 
1949, will be held in the auditorium of 
Sprague Home on Friday evening, 
August 26. Being "capped" signifies that 
the student has successfully completed 
the preclinical course given during the 
first six months in the school; also, that 
she has demonstrated her personal fitness 
for nursing, good health, and the ability 
to carry the clinical subjects and nursing 
assignments during the remaining two 
and a half years of the course. 

Pictured above are the four 1949 graduates who received awards of $50 »U. S. 
Savings Bonds from the Medical Staff at a buffet luncheon given for the class and 
faculty. Left to right — Virginia McDonald, selected as the outstanding operating 
room nurse; Patricia Taif, best scholastic record; Mary Joyce Glover, outstanding 
nurse in pediatrics; Shirley Masek, outstanding nurse in obstetrics. 

Miss McDonald is a graduate of Taft High School, Chicago ; Miss Taif, Austin High, 
Chicago; Miss Glover, Lakeland, Fla. ; and Miss Masek, J.Sterling Morton High, Cicero. 

Four outstanding members of the class of 1949, pictured above are, left to right — 
Shirley Larson and Margaret Nokelberg, who received honor awards of $100 each 
from the Woman's Board as the two best all-around nurses in the class; Lorene Lyon 
and Harriet Bussdicker Burris, who completed the nursing course through scholarships 
awarded by the Woman's Board to assist students who are preparing for mis- 
sionary work. 

Miss Larson is a graduate of the high school at Iron River, Mich. Miss Nokelberg 
is a graduate of Lake View High, Chicago. 

Miss Lyon, the daughter of Rev. and Mrs. William Barkley Lyon, Presbyterian 
missionaries stationed at Taegu, Korea, plans to enter the fall class in nurse-midwifery 
at the Maternity Center Association in New York City, and after its completion will 
enter the foreign mission field under the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presby- 
terian Church. 

Mrs. Burris was married in June to Omer Burris, a student at Ohio State Uni- 
versity, Columbus. Following Mr. Burris' graduation, the couple will be sent to the 
foreign field by the Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions. Mrs. Burris is the 
daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Russell Bussdicker who have been stationed at Kermanshah, 
Iran since 1922, as Presbyterian missionaries. 


(Continued from page 1, col. 3) 

Urbana or at other accredited colleges, 
followed by two and a half to three years 
of professional education and clinical ex- 
perience in one of the affiliated schools. 
The four schools participating in the pro- 
gram are accredited by the National 
League of Nursing Education. 

Presbyterian alumnae, who matricu- 
lated since 1943 (when the school was 
accredited by the League), may qualify 
for the B.S. degree, on a retroactive 
basis, by taking two years of college 
work. Arrangements will be made later 
for alumnae who entered our school prior 
to 1943 to qualify for the degree by tak- 
ing a prescribed course at the University. 

At Lake Forest College 

Under the affiliation agreement with 
Lake Forest College, students may obtain 
the B.S. degree by taking six semesters 
of college work followed by 28 months in 
the nursing school. Lake Forest College 
is one of the oldest colleges in the 
middlewest and had a previous link with 
Presbyterian Hospital during the early 
years when both were affiliated with 
Rush Medical College. 

Other colleges with which the Presby- 
terian School of Nursing has affiliation 
agreements, offering the B.S. degree are: 

Carroll College, Waukesha, Mis. 
Bradley University, Peoria, 111. 
University of Dubuque, Dubuque, Ta. 
Monmouth College, Monmouth, 111. 
North Central College, Naperville, 111. 

2 — 

Presbyterian Students Follow Example of Mothers and Sisters 

Mrs. Mary Jones Mallory (1915) and Mary Jane (1949) 

One of the gratifying traditions of the Presbyterian Hospital 
School of Nursing is found in the considerable number of nurses 
from the same families who have graduated here. In earlier 
years this family leaning toward nursing careers and the choice 
of our school was confined to sisters or cousins, but more recent- 
ly daughters of alumnae have been growing up and deciding to 
follow in the footsteps of their mothers. Two of the latter are 
pictured above with their mothers. 

Mrs. Ruth Bridge Flynn, right, (1921) and Patricia (1949 

Mrs. Mary Jones Mallory is the wife of Dr. Meredith Mallory 
of Orlando, Fla. Their son, Capt. Meredith Mallory, Jr., is in 
the Army Medical Corps. While a student here Mrs. Mallory's 
home was in Batavia, 111. 

Mrs. Ruth Bridge Flynn is the wife of Gerald Flynn, and the 
family resides at 6666 Ogallah Ave., Chicago. The former Ruth 
Jeanette Bridge's home was in Galesburg, 111. while attending the 
nursing school. 


Carol Brunswick (1949), left, and sister, Fern (1950) 

Through the years nearly every class graduated from the 
Presbyterian Hospital School of Nursing has included one or 
more sisters of alumnae, indicating that a leaning toward nurs- 
ing runs in families and that the first family member liked it 

Bessie Becka (1950), left, and twin sister, Ann (1949) 

here well enough to encourage her sister to enroll. 

The Brunswick sisters are from Eagle River, Wis., where they 
graduated from the local high school. The Misses Becka are 
graduates of Lucy Flower Technical High school in Chicago. 

Present and Former House Staff 
Members Attend Alumni Dinner 

The Presbyterian Hospital Alumni 
Association held its annual banquet and 
reunion of former interns and residents 
at the Congress Hotel on Tuesday eve- 
ning, June 14, with 158 attending, includ- 
ing 70 members of the present House 

Dr. Heyworth N. Sanford, president of 
the Medical Staff, presided and Dr. 
Herman L. Kretschmer was toast-master. 
Albert B. Dick, Jr., member of the Board 
of Managers of the hospital, gave an 
informal talk, following which members 
of the House Staff presented a humorous 
skit. Dr. Alva A. Knight was the 
recipient of the silver plated shovel 
passed on annually to the physician who 
has been chosen by vote of the House 
Staff as the most popular member of the 
Attending Staff. 

Dr. E. H. Fell was chairman of the 
committee in charge of arrangements. 
Other members were Dr. Carl Davis, Jr., 
Dr. Bert G. Nelson, Dr. Herbert C. Breu- 
haus, Dr. Dale Rold, and Dr. Frederic 
A. dePeyster. 

At A.M.A. Convention 

A large representation of members of 
the Medical Staff were present at the 
American Medical Association conven- 
tion in Atlantic City, June 6-10, to wit- 
ness the installation of their colleague, 
Dr. Ernest E. Irons, as president. 

Staff members who took part in the 
convention program were as follows: 

Dr. Kellogg Speed gave a paper before 
the general scientific meeting on June 6, 
his subject being "Fractures: A Fifty- 
Year Review of Teaching and Treat- 

At the section on urology, on June 9, 
Dr. Herman L. Kretschmer and Dr. 
Edward A. Stika presented a paper on 
"Papillomata of the Bladder." 

Dr. Charles D. Anderson, chairman of 
the Department of Anesthesiology, was 
one of the speakers in a panel on relax- 
ants at the section on anesthesiology on 
June 8. His topic was "Pentothal-Curare 
Anesthesia in Upper Abdominal Sur- 

Dr. Stanley E. Lawton collaborated 
with two other members of the Uni- 
versity of Illinois College of Medicine 
faculty in presenting an exhibit on 
"Cancer of the Stomach." 

Other Medical Staff News 

Dr. Norris J. Heckel, chairman of the 
Department of Urology, was elected 
secretary-treasurer of the American 
Association of Genito-Urinary Surgeons 
at its recent annual meeting. 

On May 24, Dr. Heckel gave a talk 
before the Macon County Medical So- 
ciety at Decatur and on June 1 he par- 
ticipated in the annual clinic of the 
St. Clair Medical Society held at Port 
Huron, Mich. 

At the annual meeting of the Ameri- 
can Pediatric Society in Atlantic City in 
May, Dr. Heyworth N. Sanford, chair- 
man of the Department of Pediatrics, 
and Dr. Mary Kostalek presented a paper 
on "Prothrombin Studies on the Blood 
of the Premature Infant." At the same 
meeting, Dr. Ruth R. Darrow and Dr. 
Irene Shmigelsky (by invitation) gave a 

3tt HI r nut r tarn 

Mrs. Perkins B. Bass 

Mrs. Perkins B. Bass, president of the 
Woman's Board, 1920-26, passed away in 
March of this year. Mrs. Bass joined 
the Woman's Board in 1899 as a repre- 
sentative of the First Church of E'vans- 
ton, therefore rounding out a full 50 
years of membership. 

The first official record of Mrs. Bass' 
activity on the Board is preserved in a 
comprehensive, unified annual report of 
the work of all committees for the year 
of 1917. By that time she had thorough 
knowledge of all phases of the Board's 
efforts to assist the Hospital. Her 
presentation of the facts, flavored with 
the abundant charm and humor she had 
at her command, gives evidence why she 
became a popular speaker before church, 
community and hospital gatherings, as a 
representative of the Board. She filled 
many engagements around Chicago and 
the suburbs. 

During her presidency the postwar 
problem of recruiting students for the 
nursing school led to the formation of 
the Chicago Council for Nursing Edu- 
cation. She was a vice-president from 
the beginning until its reorganization as 
the Chicago Council on Community 
Nursing. She actively cooperated with 
Miss McMillan in the work of the 
school, especially emphasizing the en- 
dowments for nurses. 

After retiring from the presidency, 
Mrs Bass was head of the Furnishing 
Committee and as such was responsible 
for the idea of creating the small 
visitors' lounges at the end of all pavilion 
corridors. It was she who started the 
ball rolling for the introduction of color- 
ful decorating in walls, draperies, and 
furniture in patients' rooms. 

The Woman's Board deeply appreciates 
its indebtedness to Mrs. Bass for her 
many years of devoted service in its 
behalf. Her gifts of charm and humor 
made the meetings over which she pre- 
sided a rich memory to the older mem- 
bers. The hospital and nursing school 
are stronger because of her wise cooper- 
ation with their administrative officers. 
Mrs. Clyde E. Shorey 

report on "Reverse Passive Rh Sensitiza- 
tion in Guinea Pigs." Dr. Sanford also 
spoke in Philadelphia and Washington, 
D.C. following the meeting. 

Dr. Charles D. Anderson was named 
president-elect of the Illinois Society of 
Anesthesiologists at the annual meeting 
held in Urbana in May. 

At the meeting of the Chicago Society 
of Anesthesiologists on May 24, Dr. Ad- 
rien Verbrugghen and Dr. John Olwin 
were discussants of a paper presented by 
Dr. G. de Takats on "The Use of Sym- 
pathetic Blocks in Acute Vascular Occlu- 

Cancer Society Fellowship 

Dr. William C. LaForge, who has just 
completed a three-year residency in 
surgery, has been awarded the fellow- 
ship, granted recently to Presbyterian 
Hospital by the American Cancer So- 
ciety. He will pursue his studies in the 
Research Departments of this hospital. 



Founded in 1883 


Telephone SEeley 3-7171 



R. DOUGLAS STUART Vice-President I 

FRANKLYN B. SNYDER Vice-President I 

SOLOMON A. SM I TH Trea surer i 


FRED S. BOOTH Asst. Secretary! 

A. J. WILSON..._ Asst. Secretary 

Ralph A. Bard 
Alfred T. Carton 
James D. Cunningham 
Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
John B. Drake 
James B. Forgan 
Alfred E. Hamill 
Stanley G. Harris 

Edward D. McDougal, Jr. 

John McKinlay 

Donald R. McLennan, Jr. 

Fred A. Poor 

John M. Simpson 

J. Hall Taylor 

Edward F. Wilson 

Clarence S. Woolman 

John P. Welling, Honorary Manager 


Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. 
Harold L. Bowman, D.D. 
Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 
W. Clyde Howard. D.D. 


WILLIAM G. HIBBS, M.D Medical Director, 

LESLIE D. REID _ _ Superintendent 








M. HELENA McMILLAN _ Director Ementui I 



The Presbyterian Hospital of the City of 
Chicago is an Illinois not-for-profit corpora- 
tion, organized July 21, 1883, for the purpose- 
of affording surgical and medical aid and 
nursing to sick and disabled persons of every 
creed, nationality, and color. Its medical staff 
is appointed from the faculty of the Univer- 
sity of Illinois College of Medicine. 

The Board of Managers calls attention to: 
the need of gifts and bequests for endowment 
and for the general purpose of the hospital 
and welcome contributions to the following 
special funds: 

Children's Floor 

Special Nurses for Children 

Blood Donors Fund 

Study of Disease by the Hospital Staff 

Research in the Department of Medicine 

Heart Fund 

Gastro-Intestinal Research 

Research in Diseases of the Ear, Nose, and 

Pediatrics, Experimental and Research 
Urological Research 
Eye Department Educational Fund 

Child's Free Bed 
Bacon Endowed Nurse 
Babies' Alumni 
School of Nursing 
Maternity Care 
Social Service 






— 4 



ago, Illinois 

OCTOBER, 1949 

Vol. 41, No. 4 


This Issue 

Exploring the Heart 
The Heart in Action 
Heart Facts 
Hospital News . . 

With this issue, the Bulletin of The Presbyterian Hospital 
appears in a new format designed to improve readability 
and give a fuller account of the work of the hospital. 
This issue describes an important new technique in the 
diagnosis and treatment of heart disease. Later Bulletins 
will feature other outstanding developments in the re- 
search, teaching and clinical services of the hospital. 

npHE past few years have seen a revolution in the diag- 
•*■ nosis and treatment of many types of heart disease. 
Through teamwork between the physiologist in his labor- 
atory and the clinical physician at the patient's bedside, 
many obscure and formerly hopeless types of heart disease 
can now be diagnosed with mathematical accuracy, and new 
methods of treatment devised. 

It is this new accuracy of diagnosis which has permitted 
the surgeon to offer life and hope to hundreds of "blue 
babies," formerly doomed to chronic invalidism and pre- 
mature death. Older people with heart disease caused by 
high blood pressure and hardening of the arteries can look 
forward with hope, because of studies now in progress upon 
the uses of new drugs and better understanding of older 
types of treatment. 

Among the amazing advances is the increased knowl- 
edge of heart and circulatory function made possible by 
the new technique known as catheterization of the heart. 
A catheter is a tube used to draw fluids from a body cavity. 
In this instance, the tube is inserted into the heart. From 
the blood samples thus taken information of vital impor- 
tance is obtained. 

Before the procedure was developed, the interior struc- 
ture of the heart and the large blood vessels adjacent to 
it could be studied at autopsy — but by that time, of 
course, the patient was dead. Now, by means of catheter- 
ization, the living heart can be explored, and abnormalities 
detected, while there is still hope of doing something to 
correct them. 

To date, approximately 100 catheterizations have been 
performed at Presbyterian Hospital. In a special laboratory 
room, are assembled all the physiological, surgical, x-ray, 
and other apparatus required for the study. Every step of 
the complex procedure is performed by a highly trained 
team of doctors and technicians, representing a collabora- 
tive enterprise of the Division of Physiology of the Depart- 
ment of Medicine with the Departments of Surgery, Radi- 
ology, and Biochemistry. 

The procedure itself is painless. Indeed, comfort of the 
patient is essential to success. The room is air conditioned 
and the patient lies on a foam-rubber mattress. Under 
local anesthesia, an incision is made in a vein of an arm 
and the catheter, a flexible plastic tube about forty inches 
long and one-eighth of an inch in diameter, through which 
x-rays will not pass, is inserted into the vein. Salt solution 
from a flask overhead drips constantly through the catheter 
to prevent the blood in it from clotting. 

The doctor directs the catheter up the vein, through 
the main vein leading to the heart, and into the heart 
cavity. The progress of the catheter is observed by means 
of the x-ray shadows cast on a movable fluoroscopic screen 
placed over the patient's chest. By advancing or with- 
drawing the catheter and twisting it, the doctor can place 
its tip in the various chambers and vessels of the heart 
from which he wishes to obtain the blood samples. (See 
photographs on the next page.) 




In normal circulation, blood enters the right auricle of the heart, 
passes into the right ventricle, and is pumped through the pulmo- 
nary artery to the lungs where it gives up carbon dioxide and 
receives oxygen. The oxygenated blood then flows through the 
pulmonary veins to the left auricle, passes into the left ventricle, 
and from there is pumped through the aorta and other arteries to 
the systemic circulation where it gives up oxygen and takes on 
carbon dioxide. The veins conduct it back to the right auricle 
where the cycle begins again. The diagram shows right and left 
chambers of the heart separately within the heavy black lines. 

As the samples are withdrawn they are carefully labeled 
and set aside for later analysis in the laboratory. Spot films 
of the fluoroscopic screen serve to record the position of 
the tip of the catheter at the time a sample is drawn. 

A wealth of significant data is obtained with the aid 
of two delicate instruments to which the catheter can be 
attached. One, known as an oscilloscope, allows blood 
pressures and electrocardiographic tracings to be observed 
by members of the team while the procedure is in progress. 
The other, an oscillograph, permits simultaneous record- 
ings of several different variables — pressures within the 
various chambers of the heart, pressures in the arterial 
circulation of the body, venous pressure, electrocardio- 
graphic tracings, and breathing movements. All these find- 
ings, singly or in combination, are of great value in later 
study of the patient's condition, and are recorded on the 
oscillograph tape. 

Blood is also drawn from a large artery in the patient's 
thigh or arm in order to get samples from the peripheral 
arterial circulation. 

From the catheterization room, the blood samples are 
taken to the chemical laboratory for analysis of their gas 
contents. The amounts of oxygen and carbon dioxide pre- 
sent in each sample are carefully measured by means of an 
apparatus known as the Van Slyke manometer. 

Once this has been done, the doctors have something 
quite concrete to go on in discovering what is wrong with 
a heart that is not doing its work properly. The drawing 
and caption at the top of this page show why. In normal 
circulation, the relative oxygen and carbon dioxide concen- 
trations of blood in different parts of the heart and its 
vessels are well established. Deviations from normal are 
evidence that the blood is not following its proper course. 
Abnormal shunts of blood are caused by structural defects 
such as leaks in the wall separating the right and left sides 
of the heart, faulty valves, or narrowing of the large blood 
vessels near the places where they join the heart. The gas 
level readings give a clue to what is wrong. 

Since such obstructions or leaks in the cardiac circula- 
tion give rise to abnormal blood pressure levels within the 
various parts of the heart and the vessels branching from 
it, the pressure readings are also important in determining 
the location and nature of the defect. 

Additional evidence is provided by measuring and com- 
paring the rate of blood flow at certain points within the 
heart and circulatory system. This is done by means of 
calculations based on the amount of oxygen breathed in 
or carbon dioxide breathed out during respiration, and the 
amounts of these gases present in blood samples drawn 
from different places. 

For example, if it is found that the systemic flow (blood 
from the left side of the heart to the body) exceeds the 
pulmonary flow (blood from the right side of the heart to 
the lungs), it is evident that some of the blood does not 
reach the lungs for oxygenation, but is shunted around in 
the heart and pumped out to the body without its vital 
supply of oxygen. By application of simple formulae, it is 
possible to determine not only the location but the magni- 
tude of the shunt. 

Effort and the Heart 

Considerable attention is now being given at Presby- 
terian Hospital to the effect of stress on all kinds of heart 
disease. This work is of unusual significance because most 
investigations to date have been conducted while the pa- 
tient is at rest. Such studies are useful, but they tell little 
or nothing about the individual's ability to adjust to vari- 
ous kinds of activity. Certain forms of treatment might 
enable people with heart ailments to live more or less 
normal lives, instead of spending all their time in bed, as 
so many of them do. The work now going on at the hos- 
pital may indicate what these forms of treatment are, as 
well as what treatments should be avoided. 

Breathing tests are also conducted while the patient 
performs standard exercises. Measurements of the heart's 
output of blood and of the amount of oxygen consumed 
during physical exertion are of value in diagnosing certain 
types of heart defects. 

Coronary Heart Disease 

Studies of coronary heart disease are being made by 
measurement of the nitrous oxide content of blood samples. 
The patient is allowed to breathe a known quantity of this 
non-toxic and easily measured gas. Then, by determining 
the difference between the nitrous oxide content of arterial 
and venous blood samples, the rate of flow in the coronary 
circulation can be computed. Blood flow in the brain can 
likewise be determined. The method is helpful in charting 
the progress of disease and noting the response to drugs 
and other forms of treatment. 

Catheterization is also employed to draw blood from 
the veins which drain the kidneys, liver, and brain. Analy- 
sis of the samples yields information about the working of 
these organs which cannot be obtained in any other way 
while the patient is alive. 

In certain types of heart disease, the kidneys do not 
excrete sodium as they should. Because of the affinity be- 
tween sodium and water, large amounts of fluid accumulate 
in the spaces between the cells of the tissues and in the 
body cavities. This is the dropsy or edema so commonly 
seen in certain stages of heart disorders. It is very im- 
portant that the sodium intake of such patients be regulated 

so that there is a balance between the amount of the min- 
eral they ingest and the amount they can excrete. Too little 
sodium may be as disastrous as too much. 

The amount of sodium needed in the diet of such a 
patient to achieve a balance can now be accurately arrived 
at by measurement of the sodium content of blood samples, 
urine, and the accumulated fluids tapped from the body 

The standard method of making such determinations 
in hospitals has been by chemical analyses so long and tedi- 
ous as to limit seriously the number of determinations made, 
even in laboratories devoted to pure research in this field. 
Now, however, quantitative sodium analyses can be made 
in a few minutes with a new device known as the spectro- 
photometer, which has been in operation in the Depart- 
ment of Medicine in collaboration with the Department of 



HEART DISEASE j 450,580 

CANCER ; 189,811 

CEREBRAL 99HB9 i3i 039 

HEMORRHAGE fUMTlfff loi.uoa 

ACCIDENTS | | 99,579 

NEPHRITIS | 80,288 




The value of this instrument in emergencies can readily 
be appreciated, when a patient is brought to the hospital in 
certain comatose states. 

The influence of heart catheterization on the future of 
heart surgery cannot be overemphasized. Without the basic 
data supplied by this technique, new and promising opera- 
tions could not be attempted, nor could their results be 
properly evaluated. If, as is likely, cardiac surgeons go on 
to new and more spectacular victories over heart disease, 
much of the credit will belong to those at Presbyterian 
and the other hospitals who have pioneered in this proce- 
dure which affords such a striking example of medical and 
scientific teamwork. 


The heart beats approximately 2,575,440,000 times 
during the seventy years of a normal life span. 

An adult heart pumps about 150 c.c. of blood with 
each beat, or 105,671,000 gallons in seventy years. 

In terms of foot-pounds, the heart ventricles do 
Q enough work in 24 hours to lift a 150-pound weight 
four times the height of the Wrigley Building. 

Diseases of the heart and circulatory system account 
for one out of every two deaths after the age of 40. 

Heart disease strikes the young as well as the old. 
# In the age group 5 - 19, it is responsible for more 
deaths than any other cause except accidents. 

X-ray film of the catheter in the heart. 
The tip is in the right pulmonary artery, 
having first passed through the vena cava, 
the right auricle, and the right ventricle. 

Many laboratory tests follow 
the catheterization. Here a tech- 
nician prepares solutions for 
analysis by the flame photometer. 

In a few minutes this flame 
spectrophotometer can perform 
quantitative analyses which for- 
merly required one entire day. 

Technician Louise Lang operates the Haldane apparatus which 
measures the oxygen and carbon dioxide in the patient's exhaled 
breath. The oxygen consumption is determined by calculating the 
difference between the percentages of the gases in the air and in the bag. 

obtain data to measure blood flow 
i oxygen consumption, the patient is 
en an exercise test during which his 
laled breath is collected in a Douglas bag. 

Laboratory technician Marcia Quin- 
lan uses the Van Slyke apparatus 
to analyze the gas content of blood 
samples drawn by catheterization. 

During the catheterization, blood pressures and 
electrocardiographic tracings are seen on the screen 
of the oscilloscope (left). The oscillograph (right) 
records up to six different variables simultaneously. 

Pictured at the left is the new 
telephone switchboard, above 
which may be seen the new type 
doctors' call board. 
Mrs. Helen Losand, chief oper-i 
ator, who is shown at the left 
paging doctors, has given efficient! 
service here for 32 years. Otheti 
operators, left to right are — 
Adeline Donarski, Marion Koeh-; 
ler, Betty Orm, and Anna Hoth, 


In 1900 Presbyterian Hospital was regarded as quite 
up to date with its three telephones. Today it has 412. 

More trunk lines, more dial telephone terminals, com- 
plete inter-office dial system, and a new type doctors' call 
board are among the improvements installed recently to 
meet expanding service needs. 

Surveys made in the hospital by the telephone company 
indicated that the number of calls serviced by the switch- 
board operators was considerably beyond the maximum 
generally recognized by the company. However, spot sur- 
veys made from time to time have always indicated a high 
efficiency on the part of the operators despite the handicap 
of a lack of necessary equipment. 

In accordance with the advice of telephone company 
engineers and with a view to further improvement in the 
hospital's telephone service new equipment was installed 
during the past summer, including an inter-office dial sys- 
tem. This means that a great load of calls between depart- 
ments in the hospital is now taken care of by direct dialing, 
which also is a great convenience for personnel and doctors. 

To take care of the new setup and provide for further 
expansion as needed, the hospital now has 31 outside trunk 
lines, including nine that take care of direct outgoing calls 
from dial phones. 

At the same time it still requires a regular staff of eight 
switchboard operators to handle the around-the-clock, 
seven-day-week service necessary in the hospital. In addi- 
tion to the five shown in the above picture, operators now 
on the staff are Misses Liberty Moore, Julia Johnston, and 
Bessie MacPherson. 

Dial phones now total 228, while 151 "manual" phones 
are operated through the switchboard. There are also 33 
extension phones in various departments. 

The doctors' call board is a new type designed espe- 
cially for this hospital by telephone company engineers. 

Pictured above is a portion of the intricate equipment in- 
stalled to provide inter-office and restricted outside dial 
telephone service. It took nearly three months to install 
the new system but when completed the change-over to 
the new switchboard was accomplished in six minutes 
without the loss of a single call. 


Dr. S. Howard Armstrong, Jr., chairman of the Depart- 
ment of Medicine, was one of the speakers on a symposium 
on plasma proteins under the auspices of the University 
of Illinois College of Medicine, Sept. 23. 

On July 1, at the annual meeting of the American 
Association of Railway Surgeons in the Drake Hotel, Dr. 
Frank V. Theis presented a paper on "Peripheral Circu- 
latory Diseases: Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment," 

Dr. Norris J. Heckel gave a talk before the Gulf Coast 
Clinical Society in Pensacola, Fla., Oct. 6, on "Hormones 
in the Treatment of Genito-Urinary Diseases: (Use of and 
Abuse of)." He attended the annual meeting of the Amer- 
ican Medical Writers' Association in St. Louis, Sept. 27 
and 28, where he discussed a paper by Dr. Frank Luther 
Mott on "Writing Salable Articles." 

At a meeting of the Elkhart County Medical Society 
at Elkhart, Ind., in September, Dr. Herman L. Kretschmer 
gave a talk on "Famous Doctors and Postage Stamps." In 
August he gave a talk on "Medicine and Postage Stamps" 
at Battle Creek, Mich. 

Late News Flashes 

As this issue of the Bulletin goes to press, Philip R. 
Clarke, president of the Board of Managers for the past 
two years, has announced the induction of the new presi- 
dent, Dr. Franklyn Bliss Snyder, at a special meeting of 
the board held on Oct. 5. Further details will be published 
in the next issue of the Bulletin. 

Observance of the 40th anniversary of the Social 
Service Department was featured at the meeting of the 
Woman's Board on Oct. 3. A full report of this event will 
appear in our next issue. 

New Examining Rooms 

Through remodeling completed this past 
summer, additional examining rooms were 
provided for the use of doctors who see 
private patients here and for the care of 
emergency patients. An average of 175 
patients are seen daily in the 11 examin- 
ing rooms, each completely equipped with 
all essential supplies and facilities. 

In the picture at the right, showing a 
portion of one of the new rooms, Dr. 
Edward F. Scanlon, resident surgeon, is 
removing a cast, assisted by Miss Gene- 
vieve Stevenson, head nurse. 

Below, one of the attractive new waiting 
rooms for patients. 


On September 19, 66 young women were welcomed as 
members of the Fall freshman class in the Presbyterian 
Hospital School of Nursing. They came from 56 different 
high schools in 15 states, including Illinois, and from 48 
different communities. 

Two members of the class are daughters of Presbyterian 
alumnae — Jane Clark, daughter of Mrs. Mabel Berg 
Clark (1922), and Mary Elizabeth Winans, daughter of 
Mrs. Janet Fenn Winans (1927). Miss Winans also is a 
neice of Mrs. Cleland Winans Bone (1927). 

Following are the new students and the communities 

Joan Beverly Bingham 
Marie DeGraf 
Kose Marie Grandolfo 
Molly Joan Hayes 


Elizabeth F. Houseman 
Beverly Jordan 
Mamie N. Oleshkevich 
Benita Lee Pratt 

Diane Shirley Rodeghier 


Vivian Florence Adrian, Oak l'ark 
Francine Bradley, West Chicago 
Margaret W. Brooks, Evanston 
Karen Buhl, Oak l'ark 
Lucy Darst, Eureka 
Pauline Givens, Kankakee 
Wilma Jean Hammond, Naperville 
Patricia Hanley, Hutsonville 
Elizabeth Hatton, Waukegan 
Betty Lou Hendrickson, 

North Chicago 
Rosebud Hyink, Palos Park 
Lois Kruckeberg, Elgin 


Nina Jean Lawson, Joliet 
Vivian Levandusky, North Chicag< 
Doris May McClure, Wenona 
Ruth E. Molback, Waukegah 
Darlene Peterson, Belvidere 
Hazel Elaine Reidclcr, Hinsdale 
liul h Rubey, Oak Lawn 
Barbara Schlichting, Oak Park 
Martha Stewart, Hoopeston 
Frances Dolores Sllkas, Hinsdale 
Jaclee Sutton, Kochelle 
Darline Shirlee Timke, 
Downers Grove 

Mary Elizabeth Winans, Maywood 


Marilyn De Fore Brown, Boone, la. 
Virginia Byrd, West Point, la. 
Margaret M. Christie, 

Staten Island, N. Y. 
Elizabeth Jane Clark, 

University City, Mo. 
Carol Dalpra, Iron River, Mich. 
Jo Ann DePoe, Cloquet, Minn. 
Lenore Cubberly Donald, Ripley, O. 
Ruth Allene Elders, 

Kansas City, Mo. 
Rita Annie Farr, Union, N. J. 
Carol Fishleigh, 

Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Ruth Laura Chandler, 

Indianapolis, Ind. 
Carol Jean Hermanee, Bristol, Ind. 

Carol Katt, Kenosha, Wis. 
Evelyn Lucile KaulTman, 

Largo, Fla. 
Miriam Joy Kitzenberger, 

St. Joseph, Mo. 
Dorothy Margaret Knapp, 

Janesville, Wis. 
i; hi h Rrautmacher, Aspinwall, Pa. 
Patricia Ann Laugery, 

Newberry, Mich. 
Doris Jean Meyer, Elk Mound, Wis. 
Ardis Ottesen, Columbus, Wis. 
Grace Paulsen, Thomaston, Maine 
Lois Ann Rozich, Manistique, Mich. 
Patricia Roach, Gary, Ind. 
Harriet Rae Spooner, 

Watertown, S. Dak, 


Founded in 1883 


Telephone SEeley 3-7171 


PHILIP R. CLARKE - President 

R. DOUGLAS STUART Vice-President 

FRANKLYN B. SNYDER Vice-President 

SOLOMON A. SMITH _ Treasurer 

ALBERT D. FARWELL ....Secretary 

FRED S. BOOTH -...Assistant Secretary 

A. J. WILSON _ _ Assistant Secretary 

Ralph A. Bard Edward D. McDougal, Jr. 

Alfred T. Carton John McKinlay 

James D. Cunningham Donald R. McLennan, Jr. 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Fred A. Poor 

John B. Drake John M. Simpson 

James B. Forgan J. Hall Taylor 

Alfred E. Hamill Edward F. Wilson 

Stanley G. Harris Clarence S. Woolman 
John P. Welling, Honorary Manager 


Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 

Harold L. Bowman, D.D. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


WILLIAM G. HIBBS, M.D. Medical Director 

LESLIE D. REID Superintendent 

REV. LOUIS W. SHERWIN, D.D -..Chaplain 






M. HELENA McMILLAN Director Emeritus 



The Board of Managers calls attention to the need 
for gifts and bequests for current use in specific 
clinical and research activities as well as funds for 
endowments, the income to be used for continuing 
support of the hospital's broad research and teach- 
ing program. 

Beverly Holverson, Monticello, Ind. Janice Rae Van Wert, 
Helen Hagaman, Boone, la. Jonesville, Mich. 

Janet A. Jones, Columbus, Wis. Miriam Irene Weibel, Beverly, Ky. 

Gwen Elaine Wight, Winterset, la. 

Four of the 66 new students wel-l 
corned at a tea on entrance day 
are pictured here, left to right - 
Patricia Laugery, Newberry, 
Mich.; Helen Olthoff, Denver, 
Colo.; Jane Clark, University 
City, Mo.; and Carol Dalpra, 
Iron River, Mich. Junior students 
who poured are, left, Jeanne 
Elliott, Des Moines, Iowa; and 
Phyllis Munter, Moline. 



Chicago, Illinois 


Vol. 41, No. 5 


This Issue: 

The Freezing Tool 
Deaths from "Stroke" 
Hospital News . 




Before medical science can discover how to cure a disease 
it must often learn how to produce it. Once this has been 
done in the laboratory, the nature of the malady can be 
studied, and various methods of preventing or curing it 
can be tried. This article describes a new procedure now 
being used not only to investigate certain obscure dis- 
ease conditions, but also as a valuable aid in treatment. 

MEMBERS of the staff of Presbyterian Hospital's 
Department of Pathology have recently developed 
a tool for the quick-freezing of living tissue that is proving 
of great value in study of the so-called "degenerative 
diseases" which account for the great majority of deaths 

With the freezing tool or "hypothermal instrument," 
it is possible to inactivate specific parts of various organs 
in laboratory animals. This method produces symptoms 
which closely resemble those found in human patients suf- 
fering from such conditions as closed brain hemorrhages, 
hardening of the arteries, or breakdown of kidney or liver 

The tool looks a little like the "Buck Rogers" gun 
familiar to all who read the comic strips. It shoots a stream 
of carbon dioxide gas under pressure through a narrow 
tube inside the barrel. When the gas emerges from this 
tube it expands, causing rapid cooling of a flat, round 
freezing tip attached to the end of the barrel. This tip, 
in turn, quick-freezes the tissue to which it is applied. The 
diameter of the frozen area depends on the size of the tip 
used, while the depth is accurately controlled by the 
length of time the gas is allowed to flow through the 
freezing tool. 

If it is desired to freeze an area of small diameter, 
deep inside tissues, a needle attachment is used instead 
of the round freezing tip. In this instance, the gas travels 
through a narrow inside needle and expands when it is 
released so that it cools the outside needle. 

A great advantage of the freezing tool is that it permits 
known volumes of organ tissue to be inactivated in succes- 
sive experiments. As in all scientific work, standardized 
results in a sufficiently large series of tests are imperative 
if significant information is to be obtained. 

In this way, important data are being assembled on the 
function of vital organs. The method makes it possible to 
determine how much of an organ, or what parts of it, can 
be inactivated without causing death. Healing processes 
can be studied, as can the response to treatment with drugs 
and other forms of therapy. 

Treatment of Brain Hemorrhage 

Already, work with the freezing tool has pointed the 
way to a new method in surgical treatment of brain hemor- 
rhages. More than 130,000 persons died of this cause in 
the United States in 1947. 

As the first step in development of this new form of 
treatment, the freezing tool was applied to the skulls of 
anesthetized rabbits, and varying amounts of brain tissue 
were frozen. The changes thus produced were similar to 
those which take place in the human brain as a result of a 
"stroke" or intracerebral hemorrhage. The technique is 
especially suitable for this type of investigation since it 
does not damage the skull or the lining of the brain. All 
previous laboratory methods employed for a similar pur- 
pose have disturbed the skull and tissues surrounding the 
brain and, therefore, do not faithfully reproduce the condi- 
tions prevailing in closed hemorrhages in the human brain. 




1 he freezing tool or "hypothermal instrument" with 
which controlled amounts of organ tissue can be inacti- 
vated by quick-freezing. Carbon dioxide gas under pres- 
sure enters through the tube at right in the handle. At the 
end of the barrel the gas expands and rapidly cools a 
freezing plate like those shown in center of picture. At 
right is a needle attachment used for freezing areas of 
small diameter deep inside tissues. At left in the handle 
is an exhaust through which the gas escapes after re- 
turning through the barrel from the expansion chamber. 

Survival patterns were then established for animals in 
which varying amounts of brain tissue had been frozen. 
By comparing survival rates of rabbits left untreated with 
those of others which were treated, the value of the dif- 
ferent kinds of therapy could be judged. 

Evaluation of Treatment 

First, a hypertonic solution of glucose was injected into 
the veins of some of the rabbits. This is a standard form 
of treatment for brain hemorrhage based on the theory 
that the glucose tends to prevent accumulation of fluids 
and consequent increase of pressure within the skull. It 
was found that the animals receiving the glucose had the 
same survival rate as those to which no treatment was 
given. This hitherto accepted form of therapy was, there- 
fore, shown to be of little or no value. 

Next, reduction of pressure within the skull was tried 
by surgical removal of a part of the skull directly over 
the lesion. Surgical decompression is sometimes resorted to 
as a treatment for human brain hemorrhage, but the oper- 
ation has always been performed by removing a small 
section of skull in the region just beneath the temple. The 
results of such surgery have not been very satisfactory. 

Now it was found that when a piece of the skull at least 
one-third to one-half as large as the surface area of the 
brain injury and directly over it was removed the whole 
survival pattern of the animals improved. After such de- 
compression and subsequent replacement of the bone, some 
rabbits recovered even though nearly one-third of the brain 
tissue had been frozen. 

The freezing tool in use. With the aid of this method, valu- 
able information about abnormal conditions of the heart 
and other organs is obtained, and removal of certain types 
of bladder tumors, previously inoperable, is made feasible. 

Members of the clinical staffs of Presbyterian and other 
hospitals are now applying this procedure to treatment of 
patients with severe brain hemorrhages, and are evaluating 
it clinically. It is believed that about one out of five pa- 
tients may be helped in this way. 

The freezing tool has also proven of great value in 
treatment of early tumors of the bladder. Such tumors are 
frequently found at the opening of one of the two tubes 
which convey urine from the kidney to the bladder. It is 
difficult and sometimes impossible to treat such tumors by 
surgery or cauterization because the scar tissue that forms 
is likely to obstruct the tube and cause retention of urine. 
When the tumor is frozen, however, it can be removed 
without any scarring whatever. The full thickness of the 
bladder can be frozen without damaging it. 

The double needle attachment used to 
freeze deep tissues. The gas passes through 
the small inner needle and, upon release, 
expands and cools the large outer needle, 
which is in contact with the tissue to be frozen. 

The freezing tool technique also permits fruitful study 
of various types of abnormal heart conditions in animals. 
This project, which has far-reaching implications with 
regard to the better understanding and more effective treat- 
ment of human heart diseases, has two main objectives: 

1. An attempt to map out and identify the pace- 
makers and conduction systems which govern the 
nerve impulses responsible for contraction of the 
heart's muscle. This is being done by producing 
small focal lesions which lead to disturbances in 
the rhythm of the heart beat. 

2. Production of heart failure by inactivation of pro- 
gressively larger parts of heart muscle. So far, this 
work has shown that more than three-fourths of the 
muscle tissue of the right ventricle can be inactiva- 
ted without any untoward effect on the circulation 
under conditions of normal activity. 

Since the freezing tool is ideally suited to the produc- 
tion of quantitatively and qualitatively similar effects in a 
series of successive tests, it was also decided to apply the 
method to study of arteriosclerosis or hardening of the 
arteries. This ailment ranks first among the causes of death 
today. It is responsible for many of the deaths listed as 
due to heart disease, and is frequently a complicating 
factor in other fatal illnesses. 

Previous research work on animals has succeeded in 
producing arteriosclerotic changes which resemble those 
encountered in man, but the methods used have certain 
disadvantages. Some give rise to undue inflammation, while 
others break down the blood vessel's wall. 

Rabbits used in laboratory investigations employing the 
freezing tool technique are kept in stainless steel cages 
in an air-conditioned room. Here a metal identification 
tag is being attached to the ear of one of the rabbits. 

DISEASES- 80,155 



STROKE IN U.S.- 1947 

The term "stroke" in- 
cludes cerebral hem- 
orrhages and other intra- 
cranial lesions of vascu- 
lar origin. As indicated, 
it is responsible for more 
fatalities than all the 
communicable diseases 
and several other import- 
ant causes of death com- 
bined. Experiments with 
the freezing tool have 
pointed the way to what 
appears to be a more 
effective method for the 
surgical treatment of 
brain hemorrhages. 

With the aid of the needle attachment, however, seg- 
ments of the large arteries of rabbits can be quick-frozen 
without such disadvantages arising to confuse the picture. 
The vessel wall remains intact, and all the cells can be 
killed without destroying their structural framework. After- 
wards there is no clotting of blood or formation of scar 
tissue. In other words, the changes produced in the blood 
vessel resemble as nearly as possible those which occur in 
human arteriosclerosis. 

With this much achieved, it is now possible to study 
the effects, if any, of certain factors suspected of playing 
a part in the development of arteriosclerosis. Among such 


factors are old age, physical exertion, and diet. Experi- 
ments along these lines are now in progress, and are yield- 
ing valuable information. As a result, some of the tradi- 
tional theories about the causes of arteriosclerosis may be 
proved wrong, and effective means of preventing or delay- 
ing onset of the disease may be found. 

The foregoing illustrates how one new technical devel- 
opment is being employed both in the investigation of the 
mechanisms underlying disease processes and in the treat- 
ment of patients. At Presbyterian Hospital, there is a con- 
tinuous, two-way flow of ideas and methods between the 
research laboratories and the clinical services. At the same 
time, research projects and the clinical work are both 
closely integrated with the hospital's teaching program. 

Integrated Program 

Presbyterian Hospital has three main functions — 
caring for the sick, searching for better methods of 
eliminating and controlling disease, and training doc- 
tors who will bring to their patients every known bene- 
fit of medical science. It is only when these three ac- 
tivities are properly coordinated that a hospital can 
do full justice to any one of them. 

A staff physician examines an illuminated wall exhibit of photographs showing the 
various types of experimental lesions produced with the aid of the freezing tool. 


On October 5, Franklyn Bliss Snyder assumed the 
presidency of the Board of Managers of Presbyterian 
Hospital, succeeding Philip R. Clarke, who desired to 
be relieved of this responsibility in favor of a man who was 
in a position to devote full time to the manifold duties 

Mr. Snyder's availability was due to his having reached 
the retirement age as president of Northwestern University, 
his desire to continue active in the field of human welfare, 
and his deep interest in the past and potential accomplish- 
ments of this hospital. 

When Mr. Snyder became president emeritus of North- 
western University on September 1, he had completed 40 
years of service to that institution, the last 10 in the office 
of president. Prior to becoming president, he had been 
dean of the faculties for two years and dean of the gradu- 
ate school for three years. 

Joining the faculty of the University in 1909 as instruc- 
tor in English, he became an assistant professor of English 
in 1911, associate professor in 1913 and professor in 1918, 
continuing in the latter post, along with his other duties, 
until his retirement. He is author of several books in the 
field of literature and English and of numerous articles in 
educational magazines. 

In response to a request, the editor of the Bulletin 
received the following statement from Mr. Snyder: "I am 
just now beginning to realize what a magnificent institution 
the Presbyterian Hospital of Chicago really is, and how 
heavy is the responsibility that has been entrusted to me. 

"I know, too, that the Medical and Nursing staffs, the 
Woman's Board, and the Board of Managers, are unani- 
mous in their determination that the future of the hospital 
shall be even more distinguished than the past. It will be 
an honor to work with them towards this great end." 

Mr. Clarke's Outstanding Service 

On February 25, 1947, Philip R. Clarke, as first vice- 
president of the Board of Managers, took up the task as 
president following the death of the beloved president, 
Charles B. Goodspeed. During Mr. Clarke's presidency 
there have been carried to completion all of the plans which 
were made during and immediatly following the war for 
the greatly expanded research and teaching program. 

This program had to do with the establishment of the 
new research laboratories in the Departments of Pathology, 
Biochemistry, Medicine, and Surgery. In the case of the 
Department of Medicine, a wholly new program for a hos- 
pital like Presbyterian was set up with the appointment of 
a full-time head, who, in addition to performing certain 
service and teaching functions in the care of patients in 

Phillip R. Clarke, left, and Franklyn Bliss Snyder confer 
in Mr. Snyder's office on the hospital's future program. 

clinic beds, has been provided with a budget to carry on 
research with several others associated with him on a full- 
time basis. 

During the same period, many physical improvements 
have been made within the hospital, among the most im- 
portant being the complete air conditioning of the oper- 
ating rooms. This has been of inestimable help to patients, 
doctors, and nursing personnel. 

Early in 1949 the hospital was advised that the demoli- 
tion of the present School of Nursing building would take 
place in 1951 to make way for the Congress street super- 
highway. This necessitated a quick crystallization of the 
plans for future expansion, which Mr. Clarke and the 
Board of Managers had been developing for some time. 
A new Planning Committee, appointed by the president, 
has been developing, and has now all but completed, an 
extensive program for expansion. 

The future will in part reflect the benefits of all of the 
accomplishments during this period from February 25, 1947 
to October 5, 1949, and particularly those that will result 
from the unique program of research and teaching which 
has been developing, and has now all but completed, an 
1949, a new course has been charted with the full-time 
appointment of Franklyn B. Snyder as president of the 
Board of Managers. 


Observance of the 40th anniversary of the Social Ser- 
vice Department was featured at the October meeting of 
the Woman's Board. The guest speaker, Wilfred S. Rey- 
nolds, executive director of the Welfare Council of Metro- 
politan Chicago, said that according to the recently pub- 
lished report of the Chicago and Cook County Survey, 
the Social Service Department at Presbyterian Hospital 
was the first to be established in any hospital in Chicago. 
Mrs. Clyde E. Shorey, who reviewed the history of the 
department, said that Presbyterian Hospital claims the, as 
yet unchallenged, distinction of having established the first 
hospital Social Service Department west of Philadelphia. 

Taking for his topic "Forty Years of Medical Social 
Service," Mr. Reynolds reviewed the beginnings of "med- 
ical social work" at Massachusetts General Hospital dat- 
ing back to 1906 under the leadership of Miss Cannon 
and Dr. Richard C. Cabot. "Hospital social service" was 
the term chosen later by Dr. Cabot and Miss Cannon. 

Continuing, Mr. Reynolds said that Dr. Cabot, in his 
book, "Social Service and the Art of Healing," published 
in 1909, stressed the patient as a "total being in all his 
important relationships," urging the value of teamwork 
on the part of the doctor and the social worker; the doc- 
tor with the educator, the psychiatrist, and the minister 
as well as with the philanthropist; and teamwork on the 
part of the doctor and the patient. 

Mr. Reynolds also pointed out the importance of team- 
work with the other welfare services in cooperative plan- 
ning to obtain desirable results. In its relation to the gen- 
eral community, medical social service is a liaison emis- 
sary between the hospital and the public, building good- 
will toward medical and health agencies. 

Speaking on behalf of the hospital medical staff, Dr. 
Heyworth N. Sanford, president, expressed the apprecia- 
tion of the doctors for the helpful services given by the 
medical social workers not only to free and part-free pa- 
tients, but also to private patients who need assistance in 
working out social problems connected with illness. 

Following the program, a buffet luncheon was served 
to the Board members and guests. The latter included i 
representatives of various social agencies with which the| 
Presbyterian Social Service Department cooperates, mem- 
bers of the Medical Staff and Board of Managers. 

The birthday cake was cut by Mrs. C. Frederick Childs, 
honorary president of the Woman's Board, who is a grand- 
daughter of Mrs. Daniel A. Jones, whose bequest to the 
hospital provided the nucleus for the establishing of the 
department and has helped in its support throughout the 
years. Serving at the coffee urns were Mrs. Lawrence j 
Dunlap Smith and Mrs. Albert B. Dick, Jr., neices of 
Mrs. Childs and great-grandneices of Mrs. Jones. Mrs. 
Octavius Newell, mother of Mrs. Childs, was a member 
of the first Social Service Committee. 

Following are excerpts from the interesting story of 
department presented by Mrs. Clyde E. Shorey, past presi- 
dent and now chairman of the Social Service Committee; 
of the Woman's Board: 

September 1909 marks the date when social service began in 
the Presbyterian Hospital of Chicago. The idea of social work in a, 
hospital had been brought from Boston by Mrs. Truman Brophy, 
the wife of an eminent member of our staff, who had been influ- 
enced by Dr. Cabot, the originator of such work. She, in turn, 
induced Mrs. David Graham, the president of our Woman's Board, 
and Mr. Bacon, the superintendent of the hospital, to appoint a 
committee and employ someone who could start the project with I 
our patients. As there were no trained medical social workers, ai 
registered nurse with a particular aptitude for social problems was 
chosen to fill the position. The Woman's Board assumed all finan-i 
cial responsibility for the new venture. 

In the spring of 1911, Dr. Richard Cabot came to the hospital^ 
in recogn'tion of our well-established department, and lectured to 
several hundred students, including the School of Civics and Phi- 
lanthropy, Rush Medical College, and nurses from several other > 
hospitals, as well as our own. This gave us the final stamp of 
approval, and from then on, there has been a Social Service De- 
partment available for patients, staff, and cooperative agencies. 

The first year's report records scraping together $50 for a 
much needed brace for a discharged patient. This proved it was 
necessary to start an emergency fund, and Mrs. John B. Lord,i 
mother of Mrs. Robert Ross, was in charge of raising this money. 
Thus, our present Appliance and Emergency Fund was started. 

(Continued on page 7, column 2) 

Mrs. C. Frederick Childs, center, 
cuts the birthday cake at the 
40th anniversary observance of 
the Social Service Department. 
Others in the picture, left to 
right, are Mrs. Lawrence Dun- 
lap Smith, Mrs. Allin K. In- 
galls, Mrs. Clyde E. Shorey, and 
Mrs. Albert B. Dick, Jr. 


With more churches sponsoring Thanksgiving teas this 
year than ever before, indications point to a large offering 
for the Asa S. Bacon Memorial Nurse Fund and increased 
interest in the work of the hospital. While the committee in 
charge of this project appreciated the Thanksgiving offer- 
ings received from churches that do not give teas, it is 
increasingly apparent that talks given before groups at- 
tending the teas serve as excellent media for spreading 
first hand information about the hospital. 

The Bacon Memeorial Nurse Fund, to which this year's 
Thanksgiving offerings will be added, was established to 
endow a ward free nurse to provide special nurse care 
to seriously ill patients who are unable to pay for it. 

Three successful teas had been given when this issue 
of the Bulletin went to press. Others will have been given 
by the time the Bulletin reaches our readers. Following 
is the complete schedule: 

October 20 — Faith Presbyterian Church, 2:30 P.M., at the 
church; speaker, Miss Hattie Brack, executive secretary. Central 
Free Dispensary, Outpatient Department of the hospital. 

October 21 — The Friday Circle and Guild of River Forest 
Presbyterian Church sponsored a tea at the home of Mrs. Emery 
Robinson. Mrs. Allin K. Ingalls, president of the Woman's Board, 
was the speaker. 

November 2 — The Riverside Presbyterian Church held a tea 
at the church at 2:30 P.M. Mrs. Clyde E. Shorey, past president 
and now chairman of the Social Service Committee of the Woman's 
Board was the speaker. 

November 9 — United Church of Hyde Park, at 2 P.M., in the 
newly decorated woman's lounge; speaker, Mrs. Carol Cooley, di- 
rector, Social Service Department, Presbyterian Hospital. 

November 10 — Albany Park Church at the church, 8 P.M. Dr. 
J. D. Willems spoke on "Precious Jewels and Gems." 

November 14 — Fourth Presbyterian Church at the home of 
Mrs. Robert E. Ross, 4 P.M.; speaker, Dr. Franklyn Bliss Snyder, 
president, Board of Managers of Presbyterian Hospital. 

November 15 — First Presbyterian Church, at residence of Mrs. 
Willis E. Gouwens, 2 P.M. Speaker, Mrs. Ernest E. Irons, past 
president, Woman's Board. 

November 16 — Chicago Lawn Presbyterian Church, 8 P.M.; 
book review by Mrs. Harold W. Erickson, hospital church chairman. 

November 17 — Calvary Presbyterian Church, 2 P.M., at the 
church; speaker, Mrs. Carol Cooley, Social Service director. 

Clarendon Hills Presbyterian Church, meeting at the church, 
8 P.M., Mrs. Carol Cooley, speaker. 

November 18 — Elmwood Park Presbyterian Church, 2 P.M. 
Mrs. Carol Cooley, speaker. 

Oak Park First Presbyterian Church, at home of Mrs. James L. 
Taylor, 2:30 P.M. Dr. Adrien Verbrugghen, attending neuro- 
surgeon at Presbyterian Hospital, will speak. 

The Junior Mission Guild of Evanston First Church sponsored 
a tea at the home of Mrs. E. T. Zweifel from 4 to 6 P.M. Dr. 
E. H. Fell of the hospital surgical staff spoke. 

November 20 — Hebron Welsh Church, 4 P.M. The School of 
; Nursing student chorus presented a musical program under the 
direction of Mrs. Roy Shubert. Miss Caroline Pieper, student coun- 
selor, gave a talk. 

November 21 — Winnetka Auxiliary of the Woman's Board will 
sponsor a tea at 3 P.M., at the home of Mrs. Frank E. Payne, 

Mrs. Homer D. Jones, right, chairman of the Thanksgiving 
Offering Committee, and Mrs. Hugh MacLeish, co-chair- 
man, discuss plans for the Thanksgiving teas, during the 
luncheon hour, following the October meeting of the 
Woman's Board. Eighteen teas were arranged by church 
chairmen, and most of the other churches represented on the 
Board plan to make contributions through direct donations. 

Glencoe. Dr. Franklyn Bliss Snyder, president. Board of Managers, 
was the speaker. 

November 29 — Drexel Park Presbyterian Church, at the church. 
Program at 2 P.M., with talks by Miss Mary Morley, supervisor. 
Children's Department, and Mrs. Carol Cooley, Social Service 

December 1 — Presbyterian Church, Itasca, afternoon; speaker, 
Mrs. Carol Cooley, director. Social Service Department. 

December 17 — Hinsdale Union Church will take a silver offer- 
ing for the hospital at a tea in the church at 4 P.M. 

Social Service Anniversary 

(Continued from page 6, column 2) 

During the ensuing years, the department has adapted itself to 
the changing pattern of hospital life and has always been one of 
the major interests of the Woman's Board. Another occasion when 
it received concrete recognition was in 1933, when Mrs. Childs 
retired from the presidency. Because of her interest, inherited from 
mother and grandmother, the Edith Newell Childs Social Service 
Fund was created in honor of her years of service to the Board. 

The real cause for celebration today is the pride with which 
we all share in the splendid Social Service Department Presbyterian 
Hospital now has. It consists of the director, Mrs. Carol Cooley, the 
supervising case worker, seven case workers, and two students from 
the University of Chicago graduate school of social administration. 
This staff covers all of the 23 clinics of the hospital and former 
Central Free Dispesary. Of their cases, 70% are clinic patients; 
30% are in the hospital, of which 10%' are private patients referred 
individually by their doctors. Our director's counsel is sought and 
valued in many spheres of such work in the city, and she is always 
willing to assist the Woman's Board in every possible way for the 
benefit of the hospital. 

Forty years ago, ours was among the first hospital social service 
departments in the country. Now our claim is that we are among 
the best, and our aim is always to maintain the record established 
by all departments of Presbyterian Hospital. 

— 7 — 

3n ifflptttoriam 

Herman Hensel, who 
served as superintendent of 
Presbyterian Hospital, Chi- 
cago, from September, 1942 
to November, 1945, and as 
assistant superintendent for 
30 years prior to 1942, died 
on October 5, following a 
long illness. Private funeral 
services were conducted on 
October 8 by the Rev. Alvyn 
R. Hickman, pastor of the 
Third Presbyterian Church, 
of which Mr. Hensel had 
been a faithful member for 
many years. 
Herman Hensel was born in Chicago, and as a youth 
filled various positions in Presbyterian Hospital, prior to 
entering Beloit College at Beloit, Wis. Following his gradu- 
ation from Beloit College, he served on the faculty of 
Michigan State College at Lansing for three years. He then 
joined the executive staff of Presbyterian Hospital, where 
he remained until his retirement in November, 1945. 

At the time of Mr. Hensel's retirement, because of ill 
health, the Board of Managers of the hospital adopted 
resolutions expressing the appreciation of the members of 
the Board for his long, faithful, and efficient service. Fol- 
lowing is an excerpt from the resolutions: 

"Aside from his family life and from the West Side 
Medical Center, in which he is keenly interested and to 
which he has given much time and thought from its incep- 
tion, his life has been dedicated to the hospital as an insti- 
tution and to the interests of its employees. 

"His scholarly manner, his helpful philosophy, and 
his love for his fellow men and the hospital which he has 
served so devotedly are the influences which are deeply 
felt and which have left a mark upon those who have 
served with him. These qualities are characteristic of his 

Clinics for A.C.S. Congress 

Fifteen operative clinics and 36 non-operative clinical 
discussions were presented in Presbyterian Hospital by 
members of the medical and surgical staff as part of the 
program of the 35th Annual Clinical Congress of the 
American College of Surgeons, held in Chicago Oct. 17-21. 
The clinical program at this hospital was attended by a 
large number of visiting surgeons from all parts of the 
country. It featured a variety of new developments in 
diagnosis and treatment of both medical and surgical 



Founded in 1883 


Telephone SEeley 3-7171 



PHILIP R. CLARKE Vice-President 

R. DOUGLAS STUART Vice-President 



FRED S. BOOTH Assistant Secretary 

A. J. WILSON Assistant Secretary 

Ralph A. Bard Stanley G. Harris 

Alfred T. Carton Edward D. McDougal, Jr. 

James D. Cunningham Donald R. McLennan, Jr. 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Fred A. Poor 

John B. Drake John M. Simpson 

James B. Forgan J. Hall Taylor 

Alfred E. Hamill Edward F. Wilson 

Clarence S. Woolman 


Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 

Harold L. Bowman, D.D. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


John McKinlay John P. Welling 


WILLIAM G. HIBBS, M.D Medical Director 

LESLIE D. RE ID Superintendent 







M. HELENA McMILLAN Director Emeritus 



More than 498,000 patients have received care in 
Presbyterian Hospital since it was founded in 1883 
as a not-for-profit institution "for the purpose of 
affording surgical and medical aid and nursing to 
sick and disabled persons of every creed, nationality, 
and color." No one of these patients ever paid the 
full cost of the services he received. Generous men 
and women of yesterday, on a purely voluntary 
basis, built and equipped the hospital and have 
helped to maintain it. Their benefactions have been 
far-sighted investments in human welfare. The Board 
of Managers is confident that friends of humanity 
today will make similar investments to ease the bur- 
den of sickness and promote the further advance- 
ment of medical knowledge. 




8 — 



Chicago, Illinois 


Vol. 41, No. 6 

QUirtatmaa (Smttngs anft l^at 3$tatjes for tljr $m f mv 

There's nothing worth while but giving, 

Giving of self and love; 
It's service that makes life worth living, gt^2«©»Efe£} 

A gift from the Master above. 
It's pleasure to give others pleasure; 

It's wealth to give money away; 

It's honor to give others honor — 

It blesses you all through the day; 
You only follow your Teacher 

Who taught "Tis more blessed to give!" 
When you make your rule of behavior 
"Giving that others may live." 

AS CHRISTMAS DAY approaches, plans are nearing 
b completion to spread cheer and good will among the 
patients who will be in the hospital during the holiday 
season, among some 800 employes and 197 student nurses, 
who give loyal service throughout the year, and among the 
needy patients who have received care in the hospital and 
outpatient clinics during the year. 

Among the pre-Christmas events will be the party 
given in the Dispensary on Dec. 17 for 
100 children selected from those who have 
received care in the clinics and in the 
hospital during the year. This party will 
again be sponsored by the Friday Circle 
of the River Forest Presbyterian Church. 
Dr. Peter Farago, of the resident staff, 
will furnish music for carol singing as he 
did at last year's party (picture at the 
right, courtesy Sun-Times). 

Forty Christmas trees and other deco- 
rations will lend a home-like atmosphere 
throughout the hospital, the dispensary 
and the nurses' home. There will be greet- 
ing cards and favors on the patients' 
trays, and 600 pounds of turkey for the 
traditional Christmas dinner, with all the 
trimmings. And carol singing in the cor- 
ridors will spread the Christmas spirit. 

Night nurses will pinch hit for Santa 
Claus on Christmas eve in the Children's 

Wards, distributing gifts provided by the members of the 
Woman's Board and other friends. Adult patients known 
to the Social Service Department as in special need of 
Christmas cheer will also be remembered in an appropriate 

Also, through the generosity of members and friends of 
the Woman's Board, the Social Service Department will 

(Continued on page 2, column 2) 



Approximately 400 of the 2,129 graduates of the Pres- 
byterian Hospital School of Nursing attended the annual 
homecoming held on Nov. 11. This year's event marked 
the 46th anniversary of the founding of the school in 1903. 

All graduates were invited 
to contribute a penny for 
each year, to be added to 
the M. Helena McMillan 
Educational Fund estab- 
lished in 1938 in honor of 
the school's founder and its 
director for 35 years. 

Among those present 
was Miss Ruth Kirk (1909) 
of Sterling, 111., who was re- 
cently elected president of 
the Illinois State Nurses' 
Association. Miss Kirk is 
Whiteside County Public 
Health Nurse. Five of the 
eight living members of the 
class of 1909 were present 
to congratulate Miss Kirk on being chosen as a state leader. 

Thirty-one members of the class of 1924 observed their 
25th anniversary with a banquet on Thursday evening, 
Dec. 10, at the Hotel Sherman and visits on Friday morn- 
ing to Breakfast Club and Welcome Travelers radio broad- 
casts. Among those attend- 
ing were the following, who 
are still active in nursing or 
related fields: 

Emily Bray, Industrial Nurse, 
Illinois Central R.R. 

Olive Cauwenberg, Private 
Duty, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Dorothea Elliker, Public 
Health Nurse, Stoughton, Wis. 

Jean Fowler, Supervisor of 
Nursing, International Harves- 
ter Company, Chicago. 

Mrs. H. Sumner Doll, Supt. 
Woodlawn Hospital, Chicago. 

Mrs. Vera Roswell Losinski, 
Wisconsin State Board of 
Health, Princeton, Wis. 

Margaret Lindstrom, Regis- 
trar, First District Illinois State 
Nurses' Association, Chicago. 

Kathryn Davis, Research Tech- 
nician for Dr. George Dick. 

Class of 1967? 

Elizabeth Beatrice, 19 months, 
was at the homecoming with her 
mother, Mrs. Mildred Helm 
Riska (1942), in a Presbyterian 
student uniform. 





Present to welcome their classmates to the homecoming 
were four 1924 graduates now on the Presbyterian staff — 
Mrs. Ethel Davis Davies, Evening Supervisor; Lillian 
Faulkner, Manager, Staff Clinic; Alta Benson and Nora 
Ziebell, general duty nurses. 

Five states were represented among the 18 other 1924 gradu- 
ates at the reunion, all married and not now in active practice. 

As its 25th anniversary gift, the class of 1924 presented $300 
worth of flat silver to the school for use at parties and other events. 

Luncheon at noon, tours of the hospital, and afternoon tea and 
social hour were features of the homecoming program. Those who 
had not been here in recent years were greatly interested in the 
many changes and improve- 
ments that have been made 
throughout the hospital, includ- 
ing the new research and teach- 
ing laboratories and the post- 
anesthesia recovery room. 

On hand to greet the home- 
coming visitors was Miss Bess 
Hawver (1928), president of 
the Alumnae Association and 
nursing supervisor for the In- 
fant Welfare Society of Chi- 
cago. Miss Hawver represented 
the Presbyterian Hospital School 
of Nursing at the 50th Anniver- 
sary Conference of the Inter- 
national Council of Nurses, held 
in Stockholm in June 1949. Fol- 
lowing the conference, she vis- 
ited England and made a first- 
hand study of the present Bri- 
tish health program. In an in- 
formative article, published in the 
Chicago Tribune on Nov. 10, 

1949, Miss Hawver pointed out the disadvantages of the Br.tish plan 
as compared to the voluntary system which exists in this country. 

Among homecoming visitors who have held or are now holding 
important positions in the nursing field were: Mrs. Helen Denne 
Schulte (1916) of Freeport, 111., who organized the first collegiate 
school of nursing at the University of Wisconsin in 1925 and was 
its director until her marriage a few years ago; Lila B. Fletcher 
(1933), director of nurses at Wisconsin General Hospital, Madi- 
son; and Esther I. Salzman (1933) of Kankakee, who recently re- 
turned from missionary duty in China, having been forced by the 
Communists to give up her work there. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Craig King (1948) came from Oakland, Calif., 
and Mrs. Mildred Castell McGrath (1932), from Grand Island, 
Neb. Mrs. McGrath, a former head nurse, is the wife of Dr. W. M. 
McGrath, former Presbyterian intern and resident physician. 

(Continued from page 1, column 2) 
make Christmas a happier occasion for needy families and individ- 
uals served by that department. Merchandise certificates will give 
to many parents and grandparents the joy of providing gifts fori 
children whom they could not otherwise remember. Others who are 
living on old age pensions or very small private incomes will be 
remembered in ways that will contribute most to their happiness. 

Hospital personnel, members of the medical staff, and student 
nurses will be guests at a party given by the hospital on Dec. 21. 
Each department also will have its own Christmas party. Several 
events were also scheduled by the School of Nursing. 

On Christmas day at 11:00 A.M., a special Christmas service, 
with appropriate music, will be conducted in the chapel by the 
Rev. Louis W. Sherwin, hospital chaplain. 



On Sunday, December 4, Presbyterian Hospital reached 
the half-million mark in number of patients admitted for 
bed care since the hospital was founded in 1883. The 
500,000th patient was Dennis Bruno, age seven, who was 
suffering from one of his periodic attacks of bleeding, due 
to hemophilia. 

Dennis, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Jerry Bruno, was born 
prematurely in Presbyterian Hospital on January 6, 1942. 
He received his first blood transfusion at the age of one 
month. This was his 43d admission to the hospital as a 
patient. During these visits he was given a total of 57 blood 
transfusions. Recently he has received the new histamine 
treatment developed by hospital physicians who have found 
that the intravenous (in the vein) injections of histamine 
lessen the frequency and duration of bleeding. This anti- 
allergic substance, physicians explained, acts in some un- 
known way on the blood platelets and helps coagulation. 

During his many visits to the hospital, Dennis has re- 
ceived care in the Cheer Up beds endowed by offerings 
contributed each Easter by Presbyterian Sunday school 
children. Expressing their gratitude for this care which has 
kept Dennis alive through the years, his parents said they 
are hoping that medical science will eventually provide a 
complete cure for the disease from which both Dennis and 
his brother, Anton, 9, are suffering, and which caused the 
death of Mrs. Bruno's brother a year ago. Anton also has 
been a Cheer Up bed patient on many occasions. 

First Patient on August 20, 1884 

Founded in 1883, Presbyterian Hospital admitted its 
first patient on August 20, 1884, a few weeks before the 
first hospital building was fully completed. That patient 
was Ulmer Parks, 17, of Florence, Wisconsin, who had an 
eye operation, performed by Dr. Edward L. Holmes, pio- 
neer ophthalmologist of the Middlewest, and one of the 
founders of the hospital. If living, Mr. Parks would be 82 
years old. 

The first hospital building had 45 beds and occupied a 
small site facing Wood Street midway between Congress 
and Harrison streets. The present hospital has 487 beds 
and, with adjunct buildings, occupies more than a square 

During the first full year of operation, the hospital 
admitted 455 patients. In recent years admissions have 
exceeded 14,000 patients annually, with an average of over 
100 patients on the waiting list. 

Throughout its history, Presbyterian Hospital has been 
known as a teaching and research center. For nearly 60 
years it was affiliated with Rush Medical College. Since 
1941 has been affiliated with the University of Illinois 
College of Medicine and all members of its medical and 
surgical staff are on the University faculty. 



Dennis Bruno, age 7, pictured above with Miss Madeline 
Moe, head nurse, was the 500,000th patient admitted to 
Presbyterian Hospital since it was founded in 1883. A 
child's book autographed by Leslie D. Reid, hospital 
superintendent, and a stereoscope with several color films 
were presented to Dennis. D , , „ . „,. _ ., 

* Photo Courtc'sv Ciicugu Tribune 


Young women who want to become registered nurses 
and who need financial assistace in order to obtain the 
necessary preparation have an opportunity to qualify for 
scholarships in the Presbyterian Hospital School of Nurs- 
ing through memorial funds recently obtained for this pur- 
pose, it has been announced by Franklin Bliss Snyder, 
president of the hospital Board of Managers. Only young 
women who have outstanding qualifications both academi- 
cally and as to personality traits, will be considered for 
these scholarships which will provide tuition, textbooks, 
and uniforms for the three-year course. 

Through the Bartlett Memorial Trust Fund established 
under the will of the late Emma Gale Harris, mother of 
Hayden B. Harris of Leesburg, Va. and Stanley G. Harris, 
of Chicago, the sum of $4,000 per year will be available 
during the next three years to provide Bartlett Memorial 
Scholarships for Presbyterian Hospital student nurses. In 
making these scholarships available, Hayden B. Harris, co- 
trustee of the Bartlett Memorial Trust Fund with the 
Harris Trust Company, stressed the need of training more 
bedside nurses to care for the sick in the hospital and in 

Other scholarships available to Presbyterian students 
include those provided by the Walter Howard Jacobs 
Memorial Fund and the Ethel Henry Memorial Fund. 

Applications for scholarships should be made to Miss 
Henrietta Froehlke, Director of the School of Nursing. 
The next class will enter on March 20, 1950 and another 
class will enter in September 1950. 

Reception in Honor of Dr. Herrick 

Dr. and Mrs. James B. Herrick were honor guests at 
a reception given in the rooms of the Institue of Medicine 
of Chicago on Oct. 24. Sponsored jointly by the Institute 
of Medicine and the University of Chicago Press, the re- 
ception was held to mark the publication of Dr. Herrick's 
book, "Memories of Eighty Years." 

In the reception line were Dr. Herman L. Kretschmer, 
president of the Institute of Medicine, and Mrs. Kret- 
schmer; Dr. and Mrs. Herrick, the guests of honor; and 
Dr. Henry T. Ricketts, chairman of the Board of Gover- 
nors of the Institute, and Mrs. Ricketts. 

Among the 250 guests present were many prominent 
medical men. Mayor Martin H. Kennelly, Dr. Theodore 
Van Dellen, health editor, and Miss Fannie Butcher, book 
editor, of the Chicago Tribune; William T. Couch, di- 
rector of the University of Chicago Press; and many for- 
mer students and colleagues of Dr. Herrick, who has been 
a member of the Presbyterian Hospital staff throughout 
the years of his distinguished medical career. 

News About the Medical Staff 

Dr. Douglas A. MacFayden, chairman of the Depart- 
ment of Biochemistry at Presbyterian Hospital and profes- 
sor of biological chemistry, University of Illinois College 
of Medicine, has been asked by the Governing Committee 
of the Nobel Foundation to nominate persons to be con- 
sidered for the 1950 Nobel Prize in the field of physiology 
and medicine. 

Dr. Arthur E. Diggs was appointed surgeon gen- 
eral of the State of Illinois National Guard on Nov. 28 by 
Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson. Dr. Diggs has been a medical 
officer in the National Guard since 1931. During the war 
he was chief of surgical service in the 163rd General Hos- 
pital at Cambridge, England. He is the third member of 
the Presbyterian Hospital staff to be named surgeon gen- 
eral of Illinois. Dr. Nicholas Senn was the first surgeon 
general and later Dr. Arthur E. Lord, former intern who 
practiced at Piano for many years, filled the post of surgeon 
general for about 15 years. 

At the meeting of the Wisconsin State Medical So- 
ciety in Milwaukee, Oct. 3-5, Dr. Heyworth N. Sanford 
spoke on "Some Problems in the Care of the Newborn," 
before the General Session; on "Hemorrhagic Disturbances 
in Childhood," before the Pediatric Section, and conducted 
a round table on "The Rh Factor as a Pediatric and Ob- 
stetric Problem." 

Dr. Frank V. Theis gave an address at a meeting of 
the Vermilion County Medical Society in Danville on 
Nov. 1. His topic was "Thrombo Angiitis Obliterans and 
Arteriosclerosis: Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment." 



Founded in 1883 


Telephone SEeley 3-7171 



PHILIP R. CLARKE Vice-President 

R. DOUGLAS STUART Vice-President 

SOLOMON A. SMITH '. Treasurer 


FRED S. BOOTH Assistant Secretary 

A. J. Wl LSON Assistant Secretary 

Ralph A. Bard Stanley G. Harris 

Alfred T. Carton Edward D. McDougal, Jr. 

James D. Cunningham Donald R. McLennan, Jr. 

Albert B. Dick, Jr. Fred A. Poor 

John B. Drake John M. Simpson 

James B. Forgan J. Hall Taylor 

Alfred E. Hamill Edward F. Wilson 

Clarence S. Woolman 


Harrison Ray Anderson, D.D. Alvyn R. Hickman, D.D. 

Harold L. Bowman, D.D. W. Clyde Howard, D.D. 


John McKinlay John P. Welling 


WILLIAM G. HIBBS, M.D Medical Director 

LESLIE D. RE ID Superintendent 







M. HELENA McMILLAN Director Emeritus 



More than 500,000 patients have received care in 
Presbyterian Hospital since it was founded in 1883 
as a not-for-profit institution "for the purpose of 
affording surgical and medical aid and nursing to 
sick and disabled persons of every creed, nationality, 
and color." No one of these patients ever paid the 
full cost of the services he received. Generous men 
and women of yesterday, on a purely voluntary 
basis, built and equipped the hospital and have 
helped to maintain it. Their benefactions have been 
far-sighted investments in human welfare. The Board 
of Managers is confident that friends of humanity 
today will make similar investments to ease the bur- 
den of sickness and promote the further advance- 
ment of medical knowledge.