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Full text of "Bulletin, Lycoming College"

lili LLETI N 



LYCOMING 
COLLEGE 

WILLI AMSPORT. PENNA. 



Offering 



POUR YEARS OF COLLEGE 

Catalogue 1919-1950 



Announcements for 1950-1951 



BULLETIN 
LYCOMING COLLEGE 

Entered at the Post Office at Williamsport, Pa., as second class 
matter under the Act of Congress, August 24, 1912. Issued six 
times a year, January, February, April, July, October, and November. 

Vol. 3 January 1950 No. 1 

CATALOGUE NUMBER 




Martha B. Clarke Memorial Chapel and Dining Hall 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/bulletinlycoming31lyco 



OFFICIAL 
BULLETIN 

Lycoming College 

(Formerly WILLIAMSPORT-DICKINSON ) 



ANNOUNCEMENTS OF COURSES 
1950-1951 

OFFERING 

FOUR YEARS 
OF COLLEGE 



Williamsport, Pennsylvania 

Approved to Grant Baccalaureate Degrees by the Pennsylvania State 

Department of Education and the University Senate 

of the Methodist Church 



Member of 

Association of Methodist Colleges 

Pennsylvania Association of Colleges and Universities 



CALENDAR 



1950 

February 3, Friday — Second Semester Begins 

March 31, Friday after classes — Easter Recess Begins 

April 10, Monday — Easter Recess Ends 

April 11, Tuesday — Classes Resume 

June 4, Sunday — Commencement 

SUMMER SESSION 

June 19, Monday — Registration 

June 20, Tuesday — Classes Begin 

July 1-5, Saturday, after classes to Wednesday — Fourth of July 

Recess 
July 6, Thursday — Classes Resume 
July 27, Thursday — First Period Ends 
July 28, Friday — Second Period Begins 
August 31, Thursday — Second Period Ends 

1950-1951 
FIRST SEMESTER 

September 18, Monday — Orientation Period for Freshmen Begins 

September 21-23, Thursday 8:30 A. M. to Saturday noon — Regis- 
tration of Nonfreshmen 

September 24, Sunday — Matriculation Service 

September 25, Monday — Classes Begin 

November 22, Wednesday noon — Thanksgiving Recess Begins 

November 26, Sunday — Thanksgiving Recess Ends 

November 27, Monday — Classes Resume 

December 21, Thursday after classes — Christmas Recess Begins 

January 2, Tuesday — Christmas Recess Ends 

January 3, Wednesday — Classes Resume 

January 26-January 31, Friday through Wednesday — Reschedul- 
ing for Second Semester 

January 30, Tuesday — First Semester Ends 

SECOND SEMESTER 

January 31, Wednesday — Registration of New Students 
February 1, Thursday — Second Semester Begins 
March 16, Friday after classes — Easter Recess Begins 
March 26, Monday — Easter Recess Ends 
March 27, Tuesday — Classes Resume 
June 3, Sunday — Commencement 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Page 
CALENDAR 4 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS 6 

COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS 7 

ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF 8 

FACULTY 8 

GENERAL INFORMATION 15 

The College, Location, History, Aim, Buildings, Library, 
Audio-Visual Services. 

FINANCIAL INFORMATION 21 

General Expenses, Payments, Loans, Self-Help, Endow- 
ment Scholarships, Scholarships. 

STUDENT LIFE 33 

Provisions for Freshmen, Religious Tradition, Cultural In- 
fluences, Student Government, Student Activities, Recrea- 
tion and Health, Resident Student Life, Discipline, Regu- 
lations. 

CURRICULUM INFORMATION 39 

Application Information, Requirements for Admission, 
Terminal Education, Guidance, Placement Service, Pro- 
vision for Veterans, Advance Standing, Classification of 
Students, Grading System, Normal Student Load, Over- 
load, Probation, Dismissal, Attendance, Graduation. 

SPECIAL PROGRAMS FOR STUDY 47 

COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 55 

SUMMARY OF STUDENTS 96 

INDEX 97-98 



BOARD OF DIRECTORS 



OFFICERS 

Hon. Robert F. Rich President 

Mr. Arnold A. Phipps Vice President 

Rev. A. Lawrence Miller, Ph.D Secretary 

TERM EXPIRES 1950 

Rev. Harry F. Babcock, D.D State College 

Bishop Charles Wesley Flint, LL.D Washington, D. C. 

Judge Don M. Larrabee, LL.D Williamsport 

Dr. Charles A. Lehman Williamsport 

Mr. Spencer S. Shannon Bedford 

Mrs. H. Marshall Stecker Mount Carmel 

Mr. George W. Sykes Conifer, N. Y. 

Rev. W. Galloway Tyson, D.D Drexel Hill 

Rev. G. Cecil Weimer Williamsport 

Rev. J. Merrill Williams, D.D Roaring Spring 

TERM EXPIRES 1951 

Mr. Harold A. Brown Williamsport 

Mr. Ivan E. Garver Roaring Spring 

Mrs. Layton S. Lyon Williamsport 

Mr. John H. McCormick Williamsport 

Rev. Elvin Clay Myers, D.D Bloomsburg 

Mr. Arnold A. Phipps Williamsport 

Hon. Robert F. Rich Woolrich 

Rev. J. E. Skillington, D.D York 

Mr. George L. Stearns, II Williamsport 

Judge Charles Scott Williams Williamsport 

TERM EXPIRES 1952 

Mr. Charles V. Adams Montoursville 

Rev. W. W. Banks Jersey Shore 

Bishop Fred P. Corson Philadelphia 

Mr. Frank Dunham Wellsboro 

Mr. R. K. Foster Williamsport 

Mr. Ralph E. Kelchner Jersey Shore 

Rev. A. Lawrence Miller, Ph.D Williamsport 

Rev. W. Edward Watkins, D.D Harrisburg 

Rev. L. Elbert Wilson Waynesboro 

Dr. Paul E. Witmeyer Williamsport 

6 



COMMITTEES OF THE 
BOARD OF DIRECTORS 

The President of the Board of Directors and the President of 
the College are ex-officio members of all standing committees. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

Judge Charles S. Williams Chairman 

Reverend G. Cecil Weimer Secretary 

Mr. Harold A. Brown 

Judge Don M. Larrabee, LL.D. 

Reverend A. Lawrence Miller, Ph.D. 

Reverend Elvin Clay Myers, D.D. 

Mr. Arnold A. Phipps 

Honorable Robert F. Rich 

Mr. George L. Stearns, II 

Dr. Paul E. Witmeyer 

FINANCE COMMITTEE 

Mr. Harold A. Brown Chairman 

Mr. Kenneth E. Himes Secretary 

Mr. Charles V. Adams 

Mr. Rodgers K. Foster 

Mr. John H. McCormick 

Reverend A. Lawrence Miller, Ph.D. 

Mr. Arnold A. Phipps 

AUDITING COMMITTEE 

Mr. Ralph E. Kelchner Chairman 

Reverend W. Edward Watkins, D.D. 
Reverend J. Merrill Williams, D.D. 

ATHLETIC COMMITTEE 

Reverend W. W. Banks Chairman 

Reverend Elvin Clay Myers, D.D Secretary 

Mr. Charles V. Adams 
Mr. Frank Dunham 
Judge Don M. Larrabee, LL.D. 
7 



ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF 

John W. Long President 

Archie R. Ayers Dean 

Florence Dewey Dean of Women 

Donald J. Felix Dean of Men 

T. Sherman Stanford Director of Admissions and Registrar 

Robert G. Wharton, Jr Business Manager 

Kenneth E. Himes Treasurer 

William S. Hoffman Administrative Consultant 

Oliver E. Harris Director of Guidance 

C. Herbert Picht College Chaplain 

Noreen C. Blum Librarian 

Bessie L. White Recorder 

Clara E. Fritsche Bookkeeper 

Katherine R. Woolever Publicity Director 

James L. Gleason Statistician 

M. Joan Evenden Assistant Bookkeeper 

Nellie F. Gorgas Secretary to the President 

Pearl Brelsford Secretary to the Dean 

Rosemary Ford Secretary to the Registrar 

Emily Biichle Secretary to the Business Manager 

Dorothy J. Streeter Bookstore Manager 

Frederick S. Derr, M.D College Physician 

Martha B. Brouse College Nurse 

FACULTY 

John W. Long, President (1921) 

A.B., D.D., Dickinson College; LL.D., Western Maryland; Drew Theo- 
logical Seminary. 

Archie R. Ayers, Dean (1949) Professor of Education 

B.S., University of South Carolina; M.A., Duke University; Ph.D., 
George Peabody College for Teachers. 



Eric V. Sandin, Divisional Director, Humanities (1946) 

Professor of English 
B.S., Wesleyan University; M.A., Columbia University; Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of Illinois. 

8 



George S. Shortess, Divisional Director, Science (1948) 

Professor of Biology 
A.B., Johns Hopkins University; A.M., Columbia University; Ph.D., 
Johns Hopkins University. 

J. Milton Skeath, Dean (1921) Professor of Psychology 

A.B., Dickinson College; M.A., University of Pennsylvania; 
on Sabbatical leave 1949-1950. 



Mabel K. Bauer (1942) Associate Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., Cornell University; M.S., University of Pennsylvania. 

Robert H. Ewing (1947) Associate Professor of History 

A.B., College of Wooster; M. A., University of Michigan. 

Phil G. Gillette (1929) Associate Professor of Spanish 

A.B., Ohio University; M.A., Columbia University. 

George S. Goodell (1947) Associate Professor of Sociology 

B.S., M.A., New York University. 

Oliver E. Harris, Director of Guidance (1948) 

Associate Professor of Psychology 
A.B., M.S., Pennsylvania State College. 

Herbert Eugene Ketcham (1949) 

Associate Professor of Foreign Languages 

A.B., College of the City of New York; M.A., New York University; 
Ph.D., University of North Carolina. 

Claude C. Kiplinger (1949) Associate Professor of Chemistry 
A.B., Western Reserve University; M.S., Ohio State University. 

Loring Benson Priest, Divisional Director, Social Studies (1949) 

Associate Professor of History 
Litt.B., Paitgers University; A.M., Ph.D., Harvard University. 

T. Sherman Stanford 

Director of Admissions, Registrar, Athletic Director (1946) 

Associate Professor of Chemistry 
B.S., Thiel College; M.S., Pennsylvania State College. 

9 



James W. Sterling (1924<) Associate Professor of English 

A.B., M.A., Syracuse University. 

Armand J. L. Van Baelen (1947) 

Associate Professor of Mathematics 

College Communal, Tirlemont Belgium; B.S., Agric College, Gembloux, 
Belgium; M.S., Rutgers University. 

Helen Breese Weidman (1944) 

Associate Professor of Political Science 
A.B., M.A., Bucknell University; Ph.D., Syracuse University. 



Joseph D. Babcock (1931) Assistant Professor of Physics 

A.B., Dickinson College. 

Carl S. Bauer (1946) Assistant Professor of Engineering Drawing 
B.S., M.Ed., Pennsylvania State College. 

Noreen Chalice Blum, Librarian (1949) 

Librarian with Rank of Assistant Professor 
A.B., Cornell College; B.S., Illinois University. 

Florence Dewey, Dean of Women (1929) 

Assistant Professor of Violin, Theoretical Subjects 

B.S., M.A., Columbia University; graduate, Institute of Musical Art of 
the Juilliard Foundation. 

J. Milnor Dorey (1947) Assistant Professor of English 

A.B., M.A., Dickinson College; M.A., Harvard University. 

Louise G. Frownfelter (1947) Assistant Professor of Speech 

B.S., M.A., Bucknell University; M.A., Teachers College, Columbia 
University; diploma from Emilie Krider Norris School of Ex- 
pression. 

John P. Graham (1939) Assistant Professor of English 

Ph.B., Dickinson College; M.Ed., Pennsylvania State College. 

Harold I. Hinkelman 

Acting Divisional Director, Business Administration (1946) 

Assistant Professor of Accounting 
B.S., Shippensburg State Teachers College; M.S., Bucknell University. 

10 



George W. Howe (1949) Assistant Professor of Biology 

A.B., M.S., Syracuse University; Ph.D., Cornell University. 

Frances E. Knights (1947) Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
A.B., M.A., Bucknell University. 

Walter G. McIver (1946) Assistant Professor of Voice 

Mus.B., Westminster Choir College. 

Mary Jane Marley (1946) 

Assistant Professor of Secretarial Studies 

B.S., M.S., Bucknell University. 

Charles Herbert Picht, College Chaplain (1948) 

Assistant Professor of Philosophy 
A.B., Union College; S.T.B., Boston University. 

Donald George Remley (1946) 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics, Physics 
A.B., Dickinson College; M.A., Columbia University. 

Mary Landon Russell (1936) 

Assistant Professor of Organ, Piano 
Mus.B., Susquehanna University Conservatory of Music. 

Robert F. Smith, Basketball Coach (1946) 

Assistant Professor of History 

B.S., Lock Haven State Teachers College; M.Ed., Pennsylvania State 
College. 

Mary Elizabeth Stewart (1948) Assistant Professor of History 

B.S., University of Pennsylvania; M.A., University of Pennsylvania; 
M.A., Smith College; Ph.D., Columbia University. 

John A. Streeter (1946) Assistant Professor of Economics 

A.B., M.A., Pennsylvania State College. 

Clair J. Switzer (1945) Assistant Professor of Religion 

A.B., Juniata College; A.M., Bucknell University; B.D., Susquehanna 
University Theological Seminary. 



George Leb Baer, Football Coach (1947) 

Instructor in Physical Education 
B.S., University of Delaware. 

11 



Lulu Brunstetter (1925) 

Assistant Librarian with Rank of Instructor 
Bloomsburg State Normal. 

Roger Earle Cogswell (1946) Instructor in French 

A.B., Sorbonne University, Paris, France. 

Hazel B. Dorey (1943) Instructor in Piano 

Honor graduate, Zeckwer-Hahn Conservatory of Music, Philadelphia, 
Pa. 

Donald J. Felix, Dean of Men (1946) 

Instructor in Physical Education 
B.S., East Stroudsburg State Teachers College. 

Helen M. Felix (1948) Instructor in Physical Education 

B.S., East Stroudsburg State Teachers College. 

Samuel Good (1949) Instructor in Economics 

B.S., Emory University; M.S., University of Pennsylvania. 

Kenneth E. Himes, Treasurer (1948) Instructor in Banking 

B.S., Drexel Institute of Technology; G.S.B., Rutgers University. 

Alberta Krebbs (1949) Instructor in Art 

A.B., MacMurray College; M.A., Columbia University. 

Eloise B. Mallinson (1946) Instructor in English 

A.B., Bucknell University. 

Jean C. Milnor (1948) 

Assistant Librarian with Rank of Instructor 
A.B., Goucher College. 

Gloria F. Rebecchi (1948) Instructor in Spanish, French 

B.S., Temple University; A.M., University of Pennsylvania. 

Ralph D. Riley (1949) 

Assistant Librarian with Rank of Instructor 
B.A., B.S., Syracuse University. 

12 



James W. Sheaffer (1949) Instructor in Music 

B.S., Indiana State Teachers College; M.S., University of Pennsylvania. 

Ned N. Sweitzer (1949) Instructor of Psychology 

B.S., Lock Haven State Teachers College; M.A., University of Iowa. 

Virginia L. Smith (1946) Instructor in English 

A.B., Juniata College; M.A., Pennsylvania State College. 

Loyal Tillotson (1949) Instructor in Retail Management 

B.S., M.B.A., Bradley University. 

Leonard T. Wright (1949) Instructor in Business 

B.S., M.B.A., Syracuse University. 



PART TIME INSTRUCTORS 

Wellard T. Guffy (1946) Accounting 

B.S., Bucknell University. 

James A. Heether (1945) Chemistry 

A.B., Bucknell University; M.S., University of Pennsylvania. 

Don L. Larrabee (1945) Attorney at Law Business Law 

A.B., Allegheny College; Wharton Graduate School of the University 

of Pennsylvania and Law School of the University of Pennsylvania. 

Margaret L. Straw (1949) Anatomy and Physiology 

B.S., University of Pennsylvania; R.N., Williamsport Hospital. 

Donald T. Williamson (1949) Accounting 

A.B., Dickinson; C.P.A. (Pennsylvania). 



13 



GENERAL INFORMATION 



THE COLLEGE 

Lycoming College is a liberal arts institution. It is co-educa- 
tional and provides facilities for both day and boarding students. 
The four year program offers courses of study leading to Bachelor 
of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees. In addition, certain two 
year terminal programs are available. 



LOCATION 

The college is located near the center of the city of Williams- 
port, Pennsylvania, on a slight eminence, which causes the institu- 
tion to be affectionately referred to as "The College Upon the Hill- 
top." Its stately campus of elms, maples, and numerous shrubs 
form an attractive setting for the imposing buildings. 

Williamsport itself is known as "The Queen City of the West 
Branch of the Susquehanna River," on the famed Susquehanna 
Trail, midway between Buffalo, New York, and Washington, D. C. 
It is famed for its picturesque scenery, its beautiful homes, and the 
culture and kindness of its people. The Pennsylvania and Read- 
ing Railroads, with their fast trains, and the Lakes-to-Sea and the 
Greyhound busses put it within two hours of Harrisburg, four and 
a half hours of Philadelphia, and six hours of Pittsburgh and New 
York. Capital, TWA, and American Airlines place the time at 
forty minutes to Harrisburg, an hour and ten minutes to Philadel- 
phia, one hour and fifteen minutes to New York, and about three 
hours to Boston. 

HISTORY 

Lycoming College has a long and varied history of service in the 
educational field. Founded in IS 12, it was known for a period of 
thirty-six years as Williamsport Academy. In 1848 a group of men 

15 



of Williamsport, under the leadership of Reverend Benjamin H. 
Crever, hearing that the Academy was about to be discontinued, 
proposed to accept the school and conduct it as a Methodist educa- 
tional institution. Their offer was accepted, and completely reor- 
ganized with a new president and faculty, it opened September, 
1848, as Dickinson Seminary, under the patronage of the old Balti- 
more Conference. It was acquired in 1869 and is still owned by the 
Preachers' Aid Society of the Central Pennsylvania Conference of 
the Methodist Church, and is regularly chartered under the laws of 
the state of Pennsylvania. It is not a money-making institution. 
All of its earnings as well as the generous gifts of its friends have 
been spent for maintenance and improvements. During a large 
part of its history, its curriculum covered the work now included in 
a high school course and at the same time included about two years 
of college work. By its original charter it was empowered to grant 
degrees, which authority was for a time exercised. In 1912 it 
began to confine itself to the college preparatory field and continued 
in that field until 1929. From that date until June, 1947, it oper- 
ated as a preparatory school and junior college. The increased 
college attendance following the war, and trends in higher education 
in recent years clearly indicated a need for more four year colleges. 
After giving the matter careful consideration, the Board of Direc- 
tors, at a special meeting January, 1947, authorized and set in 
motion plans to adopt a four year college program. In 1948, after 
approval of the Pennsylvania Department of Education, the charter 
was amended to include the power to grant Baccalaureate Degrees. 
Also the name of the institution was officially changed to Lycoming 
College. Lycoming is an Indian name closely associated with this 
region from early colonial days. The college preparatory depart- 
ment was discontinued June, 1948, and this catalogue contains 
announcements of all four years of work on the college level. 

AIM 

It is the aim of Lycoming College to provide to qualified stu- 
dents education of such a nature as to supply the background for 
a more intelligent understanding and appreciation of the economic, 
political, historical, social, scientific, esthetic and religious aspects 
of life. In addition to the broad, general education, courses pre- 

16 




Men's Dormitory 



paratory to specialization in law, medicine, dentistry, engineering, 
and business, or courses preparatory to graduate work in some field 
of concentration are offered. Terminal education is available in 
Art, Laboratory Technology, Medical Secretarial, Music, and Sec- 
retarial Science. 

BUILDINGS 

OLD MAIN. The Main Building is an imposing structure of 
brick occupying the central part of the campus. In this building 
are administrative and faculty offices, class rooms, men's day room, 
lounge, and dormitories for men. There are hardwood floors through- 
out. 

BRADLEY HALL. Bradley Hall, a four story building, is con- 
structed of red brick, and contains the Dramatic Studio, the Lundy 
Radio Broadcasting Studio, the Gray Memorial Library, and one 
floor of men's dormitories. 

RICH HALL. Dedicated October 15, 1948, Lycoming's modern, 
brick, women's dormitory is of Georgian Colonial style and fireproof 
in construction. This beautiful building houses 120 young women. 
Each suite of two rooms has private bath facilities which are shared 
by four students. Lounges are conveniently located for entertain- 
ing guests and for small student meetings. Also located in the 
building are the Infirmary and nurses' quarters, game rooms, and 
the women's day room. The building has been completely furnished 
with new and attractive furnishings. 

EVELAND HALL. Eveland Hall is also of red pressed brick, 
and is a modern fire-proof building. The basement houses the 
heating plant. A modern chemistry laboratory and class rooms 
occupy the first floor. The second and third floors contain dormi- 
tories. 

THE GYMNASIUM. Lycoming is fortunate in having a splendid 
modern gymnasium, which is a popular center of activities. The 
building is 110 feet by 88 feet, beautifully designed and of semi- 
fireproof construction. 

The basement includes a modern swimming pool 20 by 60 feet, 
equipped with a sterilization and filtration plant. The pool is con- 

17 



structed of tile and is amply lighted, with windows of glass blocks, 
making a sunlit pool at nearly all hours of the day. 

There are also two bowling alleys of latest design, and separate 
rooms and showers for both home and visiting teams. Provision is 
made for private dressing rooms and shower rooms for women. 

The gymnasium floor proper is 90 by 65 feet with a stage at the 
easterly end. The main floor can readily be converted into an 
auditorium suitable for recitals and even more pretentious produc- 
tions. 

ATHLETIC FIELD. Built partially on the site of the old 
athletic field, the new field runs north and south, beginning directly 
behind the gymnasium and dining hall, and extending to the terrace 
just off Washington Boulevard on the north. Ample room is pro- 
vided for tennis courts and football field, with facilities for softball 
and other intramural sports. 

New bleachers have been erected which accommodate 1,000 
people. They have wooden seats on a steel and concrete founda- 
tion, with an attractive brick wall at the rear, surmounted with a 
wrought iron fence. Evergreens, rose of Sharon, and spiraea line 
the inside of the fence. 

CLARKE MEMORIAL. This building was made possible by the 
bequest of Miss Martha B. Clarke, of the class of 1862, as a 
memorial to her brothers and herself. It is designed in colonial 
style, is of fireproof construction, and houses the chapel and the 
dining hall. The chapel which seats six hundred, has excellent 
acoustics, provides facilities for devotional services, assemblies, 
dramatics, concerts, and lectures. 

The dining hall, on the first floor, is arranged with separate 
entrances and with coat rooms and wash rooms for men and women. 
It opens on a terrace overlooking the campus and athletic field. 
Effort has been made to produce a comfortable, home-like room. 
Either table service or cafeteria service is possible. 

The erection of this building fits into the plan of an attractive 
quadrangle. On the north the open campus extends to Washington 
Boulevard. 

18 



FINE ARTS. The Fine Arts building is located at the northern 
end of the campus. Three large studios and several smaller prac- 
tice rooms on the first floor are occupied by the Music Department. 
The Art Department is located on the second floor and has the 
advantage of northern lighting. There also are private studios 
and conference rooms for members of the faculty. The building is 
well equipped and attractively furnished throughout. 
THE PRESIDENT'S HOME. The architectural style of the 
President's Home harmonizes with the Fine Arts building and with 
it forms an imposing unit at the northwest corner of the campus. 

MEMORIAL HALL. Memorial Hall was dedicated on Novem- 
ber 1, 1947. It is a three-story building and has floor space of 8,000 
square feet. It contains class rooms, departmental offices, and the 
biology and physics laboratories. This building, erected through 
the cooperation of the college and the Federal Works Agency, is 
attractively faced with red brick. 

THE ANNEX. To the south of Bradley Hall another class room 
building has been erected by the Federal Works Agency. Depart- 
mental offices are also located here. 

LIBRARY FACILITIES 

THE DR. E. J. GRAY MEMORIAL LIBRARY. The college 
library, located in Bradley Hall, is spacious, well-lighted, and ar- 
ranged for research and reflective reading. There are now more 
than 16,000 volumes, and this number is rapidly being augmented. 
A very excellent list of reference works has been provided. In 
order to stimulate the interest of the students in books not directly 
related to their special interests, a group of books for general read- 
ing has been added. 

Currently the library subscribes for two hundred and fifty-eight 
periodicals, covering all subject fields offered by the college, and 
ten newspapers, including three foreign language papers. Seven 
periodical indexing and bibliographical services are regularly re- 
ceived. 

A full-time professionally trained librarian and three assistant 
librarians are in charge of the library. Student assistants are 
employed as needed. This staff is available to help in locating 
reference material and in preparing bibliographies. 

In addition to the usual reading material, the library has a 

19 



collection of recordings for the use of various departments and the 
student body. Included are not only musical records, but also a 
number of literary or historical records and albums. Special 
periods are set aside for those who are interested to listen to re- 
corded programs in the library. 

THE JAMES V. BROWN LIBRARY. This library is located 
within two squares of the college campus, and is one of the finest 
Public Libraries in the state. Its books are carefully distributed 
over the several fields of Literature, Religion, Economics, Sociology, 
Natural Sciences, and other liberal arts subjects. Through a co- 
operative arrangement, its professionally trained staff, ample read- 
ing and reference rooms, and large collection of literature are freely 
available to Lycoming students. 

AUDIO-VISUAL SERVICES 

Audio-visual aids in instruction are relatively new, but the idea 
is growing more important. Progressive educational institutions 
are not ignoring the potentialities of visual and auditory methods, 
and with this in view, Lycoming is promoting an active program to 
incorporate audio-visual devices for more purposeful and effective 
instruction. Special audio-visual equipment available includes a 
sound, 16 mm., moving-picture projector, one two-by-two slide pro- 
jector, one combination two-by-two slide and 35 mm. filmstrip pro- 
jector, three combination radio and record machines, a wire re- 
corder, two public address systems, and a micro-film reader. 

Through the generosity of the Lundy Construction Company, a 
Radio Studio has been installed on the ground floor of the library 
where students may be trained in radio speech, announcing, and 
script writing. The equipment is linked up with the local radio 
station, WRAK, an NBC affiliate. Student programs are broadcast 
regularly. The college studio is known as the Lundy Broadcast- 
ing Studio. 

The Gray Library is building a collection of films, filmstrips, 
and records, which will be used in connection with classes, special 
groups on the campus, and for the pleasure and relaxation of stu- 
dents. 

A special room is equipped to carry on the audio-visual program 
and periods are designated for all groups and classes who desire to 
participate. 

20 



FINANCIAL 
INFORMATION 



GENERAL EXPENSES 

Following are the rates covering home, tuition, and special fees. 
Home includes furnished room and board at the college dining hall. 
Full tuition is charged for any normal schedule of from 12 to 15 
hours of class or laboratory instruction per semester. All non- 
veterans are required to take Physical Education, for which one 
credit hour per semester is granted without additional cost. Vet- 
erans, upon presenting evidence of completion of basic training, are 
excused from Physical Education and granted one credit hour per 
semester without extra cost. 

Additional credit beyond the normal schedule is charged at the 
rate of $12.50 for each semester hour credit. Partial students 
(those taking fewer than 12 hours of work per semester, or fewer 
than 6 hours of work per semester in the summer session) are 
charged $15.00 per credit hour. Individual instruction in music, 
art, etc., is charged on the basis of instruction in the department. 
Music and art, chosen as electives, are charged in accordance with 
the respective departmental fees. 

A Registration Fee of $10.00, which does not apply to the main 
bill, must accompany every application for admission. The fee is 
refunded if the candidate is not accepted for admission. Returning 
students do not pay this fee. 

Each student engaging a room must pay a Room Deposit Fee of 
$25.00 (to accompany application) and must agree to pay the rent 
of the room and to occupy the room in person through the entire 
college term. The full deposit is forfeited if the student is accepted 
and fails for any reason to occupy the room. This fee is applicable 
to the main bill. Other fees are assessed as they apply for both 
regular and summer sessions. 

The College reserves the right to revise the schedule of charges 
as circumstances may necessitate. 

21 



EXPENSES IN DETAIL 

Tuition — yearly* (Normal Schedule) $350.00 

Tuition — summer session, per 5 week semester 70.00 

Board and Furnished Room — Women 550.00 

Board and Furnished Room — Men 518.00 

Registration Fee** — Payable with Application for Admission (Does 

not apply to main bill) 10.00 

Room Deposit Fee*** — Payable with Application for Room Reser- 
vation (Applicable to main bill) 25.00 

* The yearly tuition for Music Majors is $450. This includes required lessons in 
applied music (voice, piano, organ, violin), as well as academic and theoretical 
requirements and electives. 
** Not refundable if accepted for admission. 
*** Not refundable unless notice is received 60 days before Registration Day. 

ACTIVITIES FEE 
In support of student activities, including athletics, health, student 

publications, student organizations, lectures, entertainment, and the Greater 

Lycoming Banquet, and for use of the library and gymnasium, a fee is 

charged as follows for the term: 

Boarding Students $ 25.00 

Day Students 20.00 

Payable — Registration Day, first semester. 

Boarding Students 15.00 

Day Students 10.00 

Payable — Registration Day, second semester. 

Students in each group 10.00 

SPECIAL FEES 
(Applies regular and summer session) 
Laboratory Fees Per Semester: 

Biology, Chemistry, Physics (General) $ 7.50 

Biology, Chemistry, Physics (Advanced) 10.00 

Office Practice Fee (Secretarial) 5.00 

Office Machines Laboratory Fee 10.00 

Public Speaking Laboratory Fee 2.00 

Radio Speech Laboratory Fee 2.00 

Fine Arts Laboratory Fee 2.00 

Late Registration Fee 5.00 

Additional Credit Per Semester Hour 12.50 

Key Deposit (For each key required) 50 

Tray Fee (For meals served in rooms) per tray .20 

Damage Deposits* (unusued portion returned) 10.00 

Diplomas — For A.B. or B.S. degree 10.00 

Certificate 5.00 

Caps and Gowns (Rental at prevailing cost) 

* A damage deposit of $10.00 is required of all boarding students. General damage 
to dormitory property will be charged against this fund. The remainder will be 
returned to the student at the end of the school year. Wherever possible damage 
will be charged directly to the person responsible for causing it. Damage and 
breakage in the room will be the responsibility of the students assigned there. 

22 



ART 

Tuition per Semester 

Full Art Courses: 

24 Class periods in Art per week and one academic subject $175.00 

30 Class periods in Art per week, no academic subject 175.00 

Part-Time Art Course: 

18 Class periods in Art per week $110.00 

12 Class periods in Art per week 80.00 

6 Class periods in Art per week 40.00 

MUSIC 

Schedule of Individual Instruction in Applied Music for Non-Music Majors 
Tuition per Semester 

Organ, Piano, Violin, Voice (two lessons per week) $ 80.00 

Organ, Piano, Violin, Voice (one lesson per week) 40.00 

Organ for Practice (one period per day) 10.00 

Piano for Practice (one period per day) 5.00 

Note: All lessons in practical music are one-half hour in duration. 
Semester charges are payable in advance upon Registration, as in other 
departments. 

PAYMENTS 

The college is unable to extend credit. It is essential, therefore, that 
all students have sufficient money on hand when they enter to defray their 
immediate expenses. 

Payments follow the schedule listed under terms of payment. All dis- 
counts, scholarships, and allowances will be credited at the second payment 
period when the balance of the semester bill is due. Money earned from 
college jobs will be credited at mid-semester and the end of the semester. 

A fee of $5.00 is required of those who fail to register during the 
regular registration period. Students who wish to register on partial pay- 
ment of the tuition fee must obtain permission in advance to do so from the 
president. A carrying charge of $5.00 is made to students who do not 
make the entire payment at the time of registration. Any student failing 
to make payment within the required time suffers the loss of college privi- 
leges and notice of his delinquency is sent to his parents or guardians. 

The tuition fee charged to students who leave college on account of 
serious illness is fixed on the following schedule: Students leaving during 
the first four weeks are charged 30%; during the second four weeks, 60%; 
during the third four weeks, 90%; after twelve weeks, full charge. The 
adjustment is determined by the date upon which formal notice of with- 
drawal is sent to the Dean and by the presentation of a doctor's certificate. 

23 



No remission of tuition fees is made to students who withdraw for any 
reason other than serious illness or unavoidable providence, nor to students 
asked to leave school. Board will be pro-rated by the week over the period 
of attendance. 

No deduction is made for absence except in prolonged and serious 
illness or other unavoidable providence, when the price of board (not 
tuition, room, etc.) is refunded. No deduction is made for the first two 
weeks or the last three weeks of the year or term. 

Other fees cannot be refunded for any reason whatever. 

Students are subject to suspension if bills are not paid within ten days 
of the dates mentioned unless ample security is furnished. In order to 
graduate and to receive a degree, diploma, or certificate, or to have a 
transcript sent, a student must have paid all his bills, in cash or its 
equivalent — not in notes. 

Veterans, both new and returning, are expected to pay for room and 
board as outlined in terms of payment. 

All students, except Veterans under the G. I. Bill, will pay cash for 
books and supplies purchased at the college bookstore. The bookstore will 
be open on Registration Day, and daily thereafter. 

For extra service, such as meals served in rooms, private instruction 
outside of classroom, etc., an extra charge is made to both students and 
faculty. Teachers and students remaining at Lycoming College during the 
short vacations will be charged in accordance with prevailing rates, the 
daily rates applying to each day or part of a day. 

Parents or guardians visiting students are the guests of the college for 
the first twenty-four hours. Other guests may be entertained if permission 
is secured in advance from the President. Their student hosts are expected 
to pay the regular rates for their entertainment. In all instances, students 
must notify the Business Office of guests in advance, whether parents or 
other friends are visiting, and payment can be made at that time. 

TERMS OF PAYMENT 

All remittances should be made to Lycoming College as follows (effec- 
tive June, 1950): 

Boarding Veteran Day 

Student Boarding Student Student 

With Application-Registration Fee $10.00 $10.00 $10.00 

(Paid by New Students Only) 

Room Deposit Fee 25.00 25.00 

24 



- 1949 - 
Second Semester 1949-1950 

Veteran 
Boarding Boarding Day 

Student Student Student 

On Registration Day — February 325.00 140.00 185.00 

April — Balance of Term Bills 

and Extras 

Note: New Students in February 1950 will pay the $10.00 Damage 
Fee in addition. 

Summer Session 1950 

On Registration Day — June 156.00 81.00 70.00 

Beginning Second Semester — July 156.00 81.00 70.00 

First Semester 1950-1951 

On Registration Day — September 315.00 125.00 185.00 

November — Balance of Term Bills 

and Extras 

- 1951 - 
Second Semester 1950-1951 

On Registration Day — February 325.00 140.00 185.00 

April — Balance of Term Bills 

and Extras 

Note: New Students in February 1951 will pay the $10.00 Damage 
Fee in addition. 

DISCOUNTS 

Special discounts are allowed for tuition, board and room for the fol- 
lowing: 

(1) Two students from the same family at the same time. 

(2) Children of ministers. 

(3) Student preparing for the ministry or missionary work 

Not more than one discount will be allowed to any student. 

The college reserves the right to withdraw any discount from a student 
whose work or behavior is unsatisfactory. 

No discount is allowed on Music and Art, whether taken as extra sub- 
jects in connection with a regular course or whether the student is major- 
ing in one of these subjects. 



25 



LOANS 

A limited number of worthy students, members of the Methodist 
Church, may secure loans from the Student Loan Fund administered by the 
Board of Education of that Church. Christian character, satisfactory 
scholarship, promise of usefulness, financial responsibility, and the recom- 
mendation of the church to which the applicant belongs are essential to a 
loan. Each borrower must sign an interest-bearing promissory note. 

There are also loan funds in the Philadelphia and the Central Pennsyl- 
vania Conferences of the Methodist Church for students from these con- 
ferences on practically the same terms as above. 

The income from $10,000.00, from the Mr. and Mrs. Robert F. Rich Loan 
and Prize Fund, is available to a limited number of students. Each 
borrower must sign an interest-bearing promissory note. The recipients 
are selected by the President. 

Detailed information may be secured from the President. 

SELF-HELP 

There are opportunities in the college for self-help for a number of 
women students. Also some men students are able to earn part of their 
expenses in various ways at the college, and there are frequent opportuni- 
ties for student work in the city. 

ENDOWMENT SCHOLARSHIPS 

The Margaret A. Stevenson Powell Scholarship, the gift of her children. 
Endowment, $1,200. 

The Pearl C. Detwiler Scholarship, bequeathed by her to the Endow- 
ment Fund, $500. 

The Frank Wilson Klepser Memorial Scholarship, given by his parents 
Endowment, $5,000. 

The Benjamin C. Bowman Scholarship, the gift of Mr. and Mrs. J. 
Walton Bowman. Endowment, $5,000. 

The Mr. and Mrs. A. F. Young Scholarship. Endowment, $10,000. 

The Miriam P. Welch Scholarship. Endowment, $500. 

The Wilson Hendrix Reiley Memorial Scholarship. Endowment, $500. 

The Mrs. Margaret J. Freeman Scholarship. Endowment, $1,000. 

The Agnes L. Hermance Art Scholarship. Endowment, $2,000. 

The Grace Stanley Dice Memorial Scholarship, the gift of Willis C. 
Dice, husband. Endowment, $1,000. 

The Clarke Memorial Fund of about $100,000, provided by gift and 
bequest by the late Miss Martha B. Clarke, of Williamsport, Pa., a former 
student, in the interest of the development program of Lycoming College. 
This was applied to the erection of the Clarke Building. 

26 



SCHOLARSHIPS 

Over two thousand dollars are awarded annually in scholarships and 
prizes. This not only encourages scholastic attainment, but also affords 
generous help to needy, worthy students. The list of scholarships and prizes 
follows, together with the awards in each case made at Commencement, 1949. 

THE DeWITT BODINE SCHOLARSHIP, founded by the late DeWitt 
Bodine, of Hughesville, Pa. 

The entire expenses of board and tuition to that pupil of the graduat- 
ing class of the Hughesville High School who shall excel in scholarship and 
character. 

Betty Jane Rookee Hughesville, Pa. 

THE EDWARD J. GRAY SCHOLARSHIP, founded by the late Rev. Dr. 
Edward J. Gray, for thirty-one years the honored President of this insti- 
tution. 

The interest on $1,000 to be paid annually, in equal amounts to the two 
applicants who attain a required rank highest in scholarship and deport- 
ment in the Senior Class. 

Annette Piche' Williamsport, Pa. 

Anna Netta Livingston Williamsport, Pa. 

THE ALEXANDER E. PATTON SCHOLARSHIP, founded by the late 
Hon. Alexander E. Patton, Curwensville, Pa. 

The interest on $1,000 to be paid annually, in equal amounts, to the two 
applicants who attain a required rank highest in scholarship and deport- 
ment in the Junior Class. 

H. Ivan Dunkxe Williamsport, Pa. 

Jeannette Confee Williamsport, Pa. 

THE GEORGE W. HUNTLEY, JR., SCHOLARSHIP, founded by the 
late George W. Huntley, Jr., Emporium, Pa. 

The interest on that portion of the bequest of $10,000 which is available 
to the college (estate not settled) to help defray the tuition and expenses 
for the first year only of any graduate of Emporium High School who 
meets provisions as set forth in the trust agreement. The selection is made 
by the Superintendent of Schools, Cameron Co., Pa. 

Jeannine Fulton Emporium, Pa. 

27 



THE ELIZABETH S. JACKSON SCHOLARSHIP, founded by the 
late Mrs. Elizabeth S. Jackson, of Berwick, Pa. 

The interest on $500 to be paid annually to the applicant who attains a 
required rank highest in scholarship and deportment in the Sophomore 
Class. 

Joan O'Brien- Williamsport, Pa. 

THE DONALD C. WOLFE SCHOLARSHIP, founded by the late Mrs. 
Nora E. Wolfe, of Williamsport, Pa. 

The interest on $4,000.00 to be paid annually to a worthy ministerial 
student to be selected by the trustees of Lycoming College. 

Richard Hinkelman Williamsport, Pa. 

THE WILLIAM WOODCOCK SCHOLARSHIP, founded by William L. 
Woodcock, Esq., of Altoona, Pa. 

The interest on $500 to be paid annually to the applicant who attains a 
required rank second in scholarship and deportment in the Sophomore 
Class. 

Doris Haight Baltimore, Md. 

THE HIRAM AND ELIZABETH WISE SCHOLARSHIP, founded by 
Hiram Wise, Montoursville, Pa. 

The interest on $500.00 to be paid annually to that ministerial or mis- 
sionary student who because of present circumstances and promise of 
future usefulness shall, in the judgment of the President, be deemed 
worthy of the same. 

Mahlon Hurlbert Verona, Pa. 

THE MRS. JENNIE N. RICH SCHOLARSHIP of $5,000, the gift of her 
son, John Woods Rich, the interest on which is to be used in aiding worthy 
and needy students preparing for the Christian ministry or for deaconess 
or missionary work. 

Doloris Good Harrisburg, Pa. 

Burtt Sweet Rome, Pa. 

Thomas Anderman Chester, Pa. 

THE McDOWELL SCHOLARSHIP, founded by Mr. and Mrs. James E. 
McDowell, of Williamsport, Pa. 

The interest on $500 to be awarded annually by the President and 
Faculty to that ministerial student of the graduating class who shall excel 
in scholarship, deportment, and promise of usefulness, and who declares his 
intention to make the ministry his life work. 

Bruce Smay Morris, Pa. 

28 



THE DAVID GROVE AND WIFE SCHOLARSHIP, founded by the 

late David Grove, of Lewistown, Pa. 

The interest on $2,040 to be given to worthy, needy students studying 
for the ministry, the holder or holders thereof to be appointed by the said 
Lycoming College. 

Robert Treese Williamsport, Pa. 

THE MARY STRONG CLEMENS SCHOLARSHIP FUND of $2,500 
donated by the late Chaplain Joseph Clemens, of Manila, P. I. 

The interest to be used as scholarship, or scholarship loan aid, for the 
benefit of a student or students of Lycoming College who are preparing for 
the Christian ministry, or for deaconess work, or its equivalent, in the 
Methodist Church. Beneficiaries may be named by Mrs. Mary Strong 
Clemens, or in the absence of such recommendation the recipient or recip- 
ients shall be named by the President of the school. 

Not awarded. 

THE BERYL CLINE GLENN SCHOLARSHIP. 

The interest on $1,000.00 to be paid annually to a worthy student in 
the Music Department. The selection is made by the President and 
Faculty. 

Not awarded. 

THE BISHOP WILLIAM PERRY EVELAND MEMORIAL SCHOL- 
ARSHIP, founded by the Alumni of Lycoming College who were students 
during the administration of Bishop William Perry Eveland and in his 
honor. 

The interest on $1,050 to be paid annually to a needy, worthy student 
or students who shall make the most satisfactory progress in scholarship 
and give promise of future usefulness and who by loyalty, school spirit, 
and participation in school activities is considered by the President and 
Faculty to most fully represent the standards and ideals of Lycoming 
College. 

Paul John Mt. Carmel, Pa. 

THE AMOS JOHNSON SCHOLARSHIP, founded by the late Rev. Amos 
Johnson, of Philadelphia, Pa. 

$500 to be held and invested by Lycoming College and the income aris- 
ing therefrom to be used for the education of ministerial students of limit- 
ed means. 

Lynn Brooks Pleasant Gap, Pa. 

29 



THE BENJAMIN C. CONNER SCHOLARSHIP, the interest on $500 
given by Alumni of the college to be awarded to that student securing the 
highest grade in Junior Mathematics. Recipient must be a full Junior and 
must not be repeating Junior Mathematics. 

H. Ivan Dunkle Williamsport, Pa. 

THE RICH MEMORIAL SCHOLARSHIP FUND of $5,000, provided in 
the will of the late Hon. N. B. Rich, the interest of which is to be awarded 
annually to worthy young men or women who intend to devote their lives 
to the preaching of the Gospel, the missionary cause, or the work of a dea- 
coness. The beneficiary shall be named by the Faculty with the approval 
of the Board of Trustees. 

Louis Bell Williamsport, Pa. 

Reginald Wheatley Rock Hall, Md. 

Lynn Brooks Pleasant Gap, Pa. 

Dolohis Good Harrisburg, Pa. 

Feed Hickok Montrose, Pa. 

THE C. LUTHER CULLER SCHOLARSHIP, the interest from an en- 
dowment of $5,000 provided in the will of C. Luther Culler, of Williamsport, 
a graduate of Lycoming College in the Class of 1876. Awarded on schol- 
arship. 

Helen Teoisi Williamsport, Pa. 

THE CLARA KRAMER EATON MEMORIAL SCHOLARSHIP, 

founded by the late Clara Kramer Eaton, of Trevorton, Pa. 

The interest on $8,000 to be awarded annually to that student in the 
graduating class at Trevorton High School attaining the highest average in 
scholarship, for the purpose of defraying the expenses of a year of instruc- 
tion at Lycoming College. 

Not awarded. 

THE ELISHA BENSON KLINE SCHOLARSHIP PRIZE IN MATH- 
EMATICS, founded by I. Clinton Kline, Sunbury, Pa., in honor of his elder 
brother who graduated from the college in 1868. 

The interest on $1,000.00 to be paid to a student or students at the 
discretion of the President of Lycoming College. 

Not awarded 1949. 

30 



PRIZES 

THE RICH PRIZE, of $25.00 given in honor of the late Hon. and Mrs. 

M. B. Rich, of Woolrich, Pa., to the student in the Freshman Class who 

shall attain a required rank highest in scholarship and deportment. 

Harvey Hartman Williamsport, Pa. 

THE METZLER PRIZE of $10.00 for superior work in Junior English, 
given by the late Rev. Oliver Sterling Metzler, of the Central Pennsylvania 
Conference. 

Dorothy Cohick Williamsport, Pa. 

THE RICH PRIZES of $10.00 and $5.00 each, given in honor of the late 
Hon. and Mrs. M. B. Rich, of Woolrich, Pa., to be awarded to the two 
students who at a public contest shall excel in reading the Scriptures. 

Shirley Williams Williamsport, Pa. 

Reginald Wheatley Rock Hall, Md. 

THE RICH PRIZES of $15.00 and $10.00 each, given in honor of the late 
Hon. and Mrs. M. B. Rich, of Woolrich, Pa., to be awarded to the two 
students who shall excel in writing and delivering an original oration. 
Not awarded 1949. 

THE ART DIGEST PRIZE, given by the Head of the Art Department, a 
year's subscription to "The Art Digest" to that student who has shown the 
most improvement. 

Joseph Cioffi Williamsport, Pa. 

THE C. B. RIDALL PRIZE of $10.00 given by P. L. Ridall, B.S., M.D., of 
Williamsport, Pa., of the Class of 1923, in memory of his father and mother, 
the late Mr. and Mrs. C. B. Ridall, of Berwick, Pa., to be awarded to that 
student or students who shall be judged to have done the best work in Bible 
during the year. 

Winifred Taber Smay Morris, Pa. 

THE BETA PSI SORORITY PRIZE. A gift of $5.00 to be awarded to 
that student who by the charm of her personality and self-sacrificing spirit 
has made a most outstanding personal contribution to Lycoming. 

Elinor Davies Auburn, N. Y. 

THE FACULTY PRIZE, awarded to that day student whose scholastic 
record has been satisfactory and who, in the opinion of the faculty, has been 
outstanding in the promotion of school spirit through participation in 
school activities. 

Albert Mortimer Williamsport, Pa. 

THE 1930 DART PRIZE, the interest on $300.00 to be given to that stu- 
dent or students in the Art Department according to the recommendation 
of the Head of the Art Department. 

George Houtz Williamsport, Pa. 

31 




The Gymnasium 




12 



STUDENT LIFE 



PROVISION FOR FRESHMEN 

The college recognizes the need for giving the freshmen assist- 
ance in making desirable adjustments to the college situation. A 
special program has been prepared for the orientation of freshmen. 

All freshmen are required to come to the college one week in 
advance of the upper-classmen. During this time various tests are 
given which will aid the college staff in advising the student in his 
choice of courses. During this period problems of freshmen 
adjustment are discussed and directions for study, the use of the 
library, and other instructional aids are given. Provision is also 
made for recreation and a wholesome social life. 

RELIGIOUS TRADITION 

Lycoming College is a Methodist educational institution. How- 
ever, it is non-sectarian. A check of the Board »of Directors, the 
faculty, and the student body indicates membership in fifteen dif- 
ferent denominations including Protestant, Catholic, and Jewish. 
Traditionally, the college attempts to help students of all faiths find 
the place of religion in their life. Students attend Sunday morning 
services at churches in the city. Each student is encouraged to be 
loyal to the church of his choice. 

The college aims to stress the development and practice of a 
Christian philosophy of life. Courses in Religion (optional with 
non-Protestants) include a systematic study of the Bible, Compara- 
tive Religions, and other pertinent fields. Religious emphasis week 
brings to the college campus outstanding religious leaders. Many 
of the chapel and assembly programs are religious in nature. The 
Student Christian Association, membership open to all undergradu- 
ates on the campus, meets weekly at Rich Hall. Speakers include 

33 



many prominent civic leaders, faculty members, and national fig- 
ures. This group sponsors many and varied activities which aim 
to promote fellowship and spiritual life among the faculty and 
students. 

The John Wesley Club is composed of students preparing for 
the ministry or other forms of religious work. Through regular 
meetings and deputation teams, they gain valuable training and ex- 
perience in religious work. 

Through the generosity of the late Honorable M. B. Rich, for 
eighteen years President of the Board of Directors, a Department 
of Religion has been established at the College. The head of this 
department is also the college chaplain. He gives a large portion 
of his time to promoting a helpful religious atmosphere at the insti- 
tution and in aiding students to solve successfully personal problems 
which arise while they are on the campus. 

CULTURAL INFLUENCES 

Lycoming aims to develop in its students an easy familiarity 
with the best social forms and customs. Young men and women 
meet in the dining hall, at receptions and other social functions. 
These contacts, together with frequent talks by instructors, do much 
to develop poise and social ease. Persons of prominence are 
brought to the school for talks and lectures, and excellent talent is 
provided by community organizations which bring outstanding 
artists to the city. 

STUDENT GOVERNMENT 

The college aims to develop in each student a sense of loyalty 
and responsibility to good citizenship. To this end there is estab- 
lished a Student Government representing the entire student body 
with the purpose of promoting the general welfare of the college 
and to provide a more perfect understanding between students and 
administration. 

Certain phases of dormitory life are supervised and regulated 
by a student dormitory government. In this way students are pro- 
vided the experience of sharing the responsibilities which are the 

34 



outgrowth of living closely with each other. The Dean of Women 
and the Dean of Men exercise an over-all supervisory influence on 
dormitory life. 

It is understood that students entering Lycoming do so with the 
intention of making an honest effort to do satisfactory work in every 
respect. When a student is not able to conform to the school pro- 
gram, the parents or guardians are asked to withdraw the student 
from the school. 

STUDENT ACTIVITIES 

CAMPUS GROUPS. In addition to the John Wesley Club, Stu- 
dent Christian Association, and the Student Government there are 
many and varied organizations on the campus which provide stu- 
dents with an interesting and wholesome social life. These are 
organized and conducted by the students in cooperation with the 
faculty. Some of these are as follows: The International Rela- 
tions Club, which is the campus focus for discussion of world 
affairs ; The French Club, The Spanish Club, and The German 
Club, which supplement class work by aiding students to understand 
the folklore of the various peoples and to facilitate ease of conver- 
sation in the language ; The Camera Club, which provides students 
opportunity for developing a lifelong hobby; The Frill and Frown, 
which affords opportunity for those interested in acting and direct- 
ing plays ; The Ski Club, which brings together a group of enthus- 
iasts for winter sports ; The Psychology Club, which schedules lec- 
tures, discussions, and movies in the field; the Varsity Club, which 
is composed of lettermen, promotes college spirit in sports. 

COLLEGE PUBLICATIONS. There are three college publica- 
tions: "The Lycoming Courier" is the official student paper, de- 
voted to local interests of the student body, reporting current 
campus events. "The Arrow," the college year book, is published 
in June and presents a record of student life during the current 
academic year. The staffs of both publications are composed of 
students interested in gaining more knowledge and experience in 
some line of journalistic endeavor. The "Alumni Bulletin," issued 
six times a year, keeps the alumni posted on current happenings at 
the college and pertinent information on alumni activities. 

35 



MUSIC. The Music Department offers several organizations for 
students interested in music. A College Choir, Men's Glee Club, 
and Women's Glee Club are open to all students desiring to join. 
The Lycoming Singers, Women's Quartette, Men's Quartette, and 
an A Cappella Choir are formed of selected voices and represent the 
college at many events. A String Ensemble gives instrument 
players an opportunity to enjoy the fellowship of good music to- 
gether. In addition are the College Band and Symphony Orches- 
tra, which meet several times each week for practice and furnish 
the college with music for many entertainments, athletic events, and 
celebrations throughout the year. 

FRATERNITIES. Five Greek letter groups on the campus pro- 
vide a means of bringing to men students the advantages of a fra- 
ternal organization. The social life of the college is carefully 
planned by both administrative and student government to be help- 
ful to the individual student in his social world. 

RECREATION AND HEALTH 

INTERCOLLEGIATE SPORTS. The college offers an attrac- 
tive program of intercollegiate athletics. Varsity teams represent 
the college in competition with other four year institutions in such 
sports as football, basketball, baseball, swimming, and tennis. 
Lycoming is a member of the National Association of Intercol- 
legiate Basketball. 

RECREATION. An extensive program of intramural athletics 
affords opportunity for every student not a member of a varsity 
team to participate in one or more sports. These are run in con- 
nection with the required physical education program. Basic 
instruction in game techniques is given in physical education class 
and the intramural program affords opportunity for individual and 
team competition. Some of these sports are tennis, swimming, 
basketball, handball, badminton, bowling, volleyball, softball, and 
table tennis for both women and men ; rhythmical activities, field 
hockey and archery, for women; boxing, touch football, and water 
polo for men. 

36 



In addition to the athletic recreation program, various organiza- 
tions on the campus, the Lecture Series, the Record Session, motion 
pictures, and numerous social affairs, offer programs of interest. 

STUDENT INSURANCE. By a special group plan, our students 
are able to secure accident insurance covering medical and hospital 
expenses for injuries received on the campus. The limit of cov- 
erage for women is $500.00 and for men $250.00. All students are 
advised to carry this protection. 

PHYSICAL EXAMINATION. A physical examination of all 
students is required. This examination is conducted by the stu- 
dent's own physician and a report made on a standard form sup- 
plied by the college. This report is presented on Registration Day. 
In connection with the physical examination, all entering stu- 
dents must have a chest x-ray. If this cannot be arranged before 
entering, the Tuberculosis Society will take chest x-rays at a nomi- 
nal cost. The student bears the expense of the x-ray. 

INFIRMARY SERVICE. The infirmary fee, covered by the 
over-all activities fee, includes the following medical service: The 
college nurse holds infirmary hours each day, except Sunday, that 
the college dormitories are open. She is also available for first aid 
treatment and will call to the attention of the college physician any 
case demanding special treatment. 

Such service, however, shall not be interpreted to include x-rays, 
surgery of more than minor nature, care of major accidents on or 
off campus, immunization for colds, examination for glasses, doctors' 
calls, cases of serious chronic disorder, or other extraordinary 
situations. 

Each student is entitled to three days of infirmary service per 
school year, including routine nursing and ordinary medicines. 
There will be a charge of $2.00 per day for each additional day or 
fraction thereof beyond the allotted days. 

Special nursing service and special medicines and prescriptions 
will be at the expense of the student. Parents will be notified by 
the college when students are confined to the infirmary with serious 
illnesses. 

37 



RESIDENT STUDENT LIFE 

Living quarters are provided on the campus for 140 women and 
215 men. Efforts are made each year to keep the dormitories in 
such repair that they constitute comfortable and attractive homes 
for the students. 

Rooms at Lycoming are furnished as follows: Desk, bureau, 
chair, single bed, mattress, and pillow are provided. Students must 
supply their own bed linen, blankets, and study lamps. 

The students will make their own arrangements for laundry ser- 
vice. A local laundry has a representative on campus for the con- 
venience of all boarding students. It is recommended that the 
student bring a minimum of six sheets (single bed), three pillow 
cases, and two double blankets. 

DISCIPLINE 

The discipline of the college is firm, reasonable, and sympa- 
thetic. All students are considered responsible citizens and mem- 
bers of a Christian community. Any student who is antagonistic 
to the spirit and general purpose, or who fails to abide by the 
regulations set up by the college, may be asked to withdraw from 
the college at any time during the school year. 

REGULATIONS 

The college regulations, in addition to those published here, are 
furnished each student upon matriculation. Announcements dur- 
ing the year by college authorities may amend or supplement the 
catalogue regulations and are to be adhered to as such. 

Students from a distance are required to reside in the dormi- 
tories. Permission for any exception to this rule must be obtained 
from the administration. 

Money and valuables should be placed in the school safe; other- 
wise the college will not assume responsibility. 

No intoxicants or drinking of intoxicants is permitted. 

Permission to maintain automobiles on the campus must be 
obtained from the administration. 

No firearms are permitted on the campus. 

38 



CURRICULUM 
INFORMATION 



APPLICATION PROCEDURE 

Complete application forms for admission to Lycoming may be 
obtained from the Director of Admissions. Included with these are 
directions for making applications. 

A registration fee of $10.00 is required with each application. 
This fee is refunded in case the application is rejected, and is 
returned to veterans of World War II entered under Public Law 
346 or 16, at the time of the second payment period. 

Applicants who are accepted will receive a statement evaluating 
their high school credits and granting proper classification. Those 
rejected will be notified. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION 

A candidate for admission must be of good moral character and 
show evidence of ability and preparation to pursue the program of 
his choice at Lycoming. The usual evidence of preparation is a 
certificate showing satisfactory completion of 15 units of high 
school work or its equivalent as follows : 

English History Math Science Elec. 

A.B. Degree 3 (4 yrs.) 1 1 Alg. 1 8 

1 Geom. 

B.S. Degree 3 (4 yrs.) 1 1 Alg. 1 8 

1 Geom. 

Med. Sec 3 (4 yrs.) 1 1 Alg. 1 8 

1 Geom. 

Lab. Tech 3 (4 yrs.) 1 1 Alg. 1 8 

1 Geom. 

Sec. Science 3 (4 yrs.) 10 11 

Art 3 (4 yrs.) 10 11 

*Music 3 (4 yrs.) 10 11 

* A letter of recommendation from the applicant's private teacher and/or 
High School Music Supervisor should accompany the application. 

39 



Applicants ranking in the upper three-fifths of their high school 
class or presenting a certificate showing all grades of college cer- 
tificate value may be admitted without examination. 

Candidates for entrance who do not meet the above require- 
ments for admission may be accepted upon making a satisfactory 
score on an aptitude test. 

TERMINAL EDUCATION 

In addition to programs leading to the Baccalaureate Degree, 
Lycoming offers certain two-year terminal courses in Art, Labora- 
tory Technology, Music, Medical Secretarial, and Secretarial Sci- 
ence. Upon satisfactory completion of these courses a certificate 
is awarded at the graduation exercises. 

GUIDANCE 

An advantage of a small college is the rich experience gained by 
students and faculty knowing each other. In addition to this val- 
uable personal relationship, which affords students the opportunity 
to discuss various problems with their instructors, Lycoming is 
proud to announce that a well-rounded guidance program is avail- 
able to its students. Under the direction of the Dean of the college, 
this program includes areas as represented by the College Pastor, 
Dean of Men and Dean of Women, and the Guidance Director with 
his group of faculty advisers. The program begins prior to the 
student's entrance to a course of study with a personal interview 
between the Director of Admissions and the candidate for admis- 
sion. These interviews are sufficient in length to obtain a picture 
of the student, his background, and his plans for the future. When 
the student enters the college as a Freshman, he is given the oppor- 
tunity to take aptitude and psychological examinations. On the 
basis of preparatory or high school records, aptitude and psycho- 
logical examination scores, and various interviews, an evaluation of 
the student can be formed. 

Additional information is added to this as the student progresses 
through his college life. His welfare is the sole purpose of the 

40 



guidance program, which stands ready to help him make an intelli- 
gent decision regarding his vocational choice and solve important 
personal problems. 

PLACEMENT SERVICE 

A placement service for the students and alumni of the college 
was begun in September, 1948. 

The service is designed to aid the graduate in obtaining positions 
which make use of college training. 

The placement office has made many valuable contacts with 
employers throughout the United States. Locally, the service has 
been well accepted. 

The service is designed as the final step in the total college 
guidance program. The office acts as the intermediary between 
employer and graduate in all fields of college activity. 

PROVISION FOR VETERANS 

Lycoming is fully approved for the educational program for 
Veterans under Federal Public Laws 346 and 16. 

ADVANCED STANDING 

A student may be admitted to Lycoming with advanced standing 
provided he has earned satisfactory credit at an approved college. 
Application for advanced standing must be supported by an honor- 
able dismissal and an official transcript of the college previously 
attended. A student admitted with advance standing must satisfy 
graduation requirements to be awarded a degree. 

Some academic credit may be allowed for training courses and 
educational experiences in the armed services according to the 
general pattern recommended by A Guide to the Evaluation of 
Educational Experiences in the Armed Services, issued by the 
American Council on Education, provided such courses or experi- 
ences are appropriately related to a college of liberal arts. 

41 



CLASSIFICATION OF STUDENTS 

Freshman: See requirements for admission. 

Sophomore: Not fewer than 24 semester hours and 21 quality 
points. 

Junior: Not fewer than 54 semester hours and 48 quality points. 
Senior: Not fewer than 86 semester hours and 90 quality points, 

and a reasonable chance of completing all requirements for 

graduation. 

Unclassified: Students who do not wish to enter upon a regular 
course of study may pursue studies offered for which their 
previous training, in the opinion of the college, fits them. 
Only a limited number of unclassified students are accepted. 
Such students are not admitted to candidacy for a degree. 

GRADING SYSTEM 

A credit hour is defined as one hour of classroom work, or the 
equivalent, each week during a full term of sixteen weeks. Ordi- 
narily two hours of laboratory work are rated as one credit hour. 

The letter system of grading with the corresponding quality 
points is used. "A" indicates work of the highest excellence, show- 
ing a superior grasp of the content, as well as independent and 
creative thinking in the subject, and represents a numerical grade 
between 90 and 100. "B" signifies better than average achieve- 
ment wherein the student reveals insight and ability, and represents 
a numerical grade between 80 and 89. "C" is given for satisfactory 
achievement on the college level when work in the course has been 
conscientious and has shown no considerable deficiency in either 
quality or quantity, and represents a numerical grade between 70 
and 79. "D" indicates that work in the course has met the mini- 
mum essentials, and represents a numerical grade of 60 to 69. "F" 
is failure, and represents numerical grades below 60. Work in the 
course must be repeated satisfactorily before any credit can be 
obtained. 

Scholastic rank is determined on the quality point system where 
"A" counts 3 quality points per credit hour, "B" counts 2 points per 
hour, "C" counts 1 point per hour, "D" carries no point value, and 
"F" counts — 1 point per hour. 

42 



NORMAL STUDENT LOAD 

The normal load per semester for students is from twelve to 
fifteen hours of academic work, one hour of physical education, and 
one-half hour of assembly and chapel. 

OVER LOAD 

Students who wish to carry in excess of the normal load are 
charged $12.50 per credit hour. A schedule of more than seventeen 
hours of academic work may be taken if the student has an average 
of 2.0 for all previous work and obtains written permission from 
the Dean of the College. 

PROBATION 

Students whose grade-point average falls between .00 and .5 are 
placed on probation. Students on probation must maintain an 
average of 1.0 in fifteen hours with fifteen quality points for a 
semester, to be removed from probation. 

DISMISSAL 

Freshmen who fail to maintain an average of at least .00 the 
first semester will be asked to withdraw from the college. The 
college also reserves the right to deny admission to any applicant 
or to dismiss any student at any time if the administration considers 
such action to be for the best interests of the student or the college. 
Students dismissed for academic reasons may request reinstatement 
after one semester. 

ATTENDANCE 

The program at Lycoming is built on the assumption that there 
is value in class and assembly and chapel attendance for all stu- 
dents. Therefore, all students are expected to attend all classes 
and assembly and chapel exercises. 

Specific regulations as to permissible absences and penalties for 
excessive absences are announced from time to time. Responsi- 
bility for learning and complying with these regulations rests with 
the student. 

43 



GRADUATION 

The college offers courses of study leading to the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science. For either degree the 
minimum requirement is the completion of 120 academic hours plus 
one hour credit of physical education and one half hour credit of 
assembly and chapel for each fall and spring semester that the 
candidate is in attendance at Lycoming College. In addition the 
candidate must possess at least 120 academic quality points (physi- 
cal education and assembly and chapel carry no quality points) on 
the basis of: A — 3 points per credit hour; B — 2 points per credit 
hour; C — 1 point per credit hour; D — points per credit hour. 
The work of the final year is to be taken at this college. 

BACHELOR OF ARTS. A candidate for this degree selects 
graduation requirements from the three general divisions as follows : 

Division I: Humanities 

English Composition 6 hours 

Literature 6 hours 

Foreign Lauguage 6 or 12 hours 

Philosophy and Religion 6 hours 

Appreciation of Art 3 hours 

Appreciation of Music 3 hours 

Chapel and Assembly hours* 

Division II: Social Studies 

European History 6 hours 

American History 6 hours 

Psychology 3 hours 

Political Science 3 hours 

Division III: Sciences 

Physical Sciences and 3 hours 

Biological Sciences, or 3 hours 

A Laboratory Science 8 hours 

Physical Education hours* 

* One hour credit of physical education and one half hour credit of assembly 
and chapel for each fall and spring semester that the candidate is in atten- 
dance at Lycoming College. 

The candidate for the Bachelor of Arts degree chooses a major 
of at least 24 credit hours from one of the following fields: 
Biology, Chemistry, English, History, Language, Mathematics, 
Science, and Social Studies. (Fields of concentration in Social 
Studies may be selected in Economics, History, Sociology, Political 
Science, and Psychology.) 

44 



a. The major in Science consists of (1) first level courses in 
Chemistry (101-102), Mathematics (101-102), and Physics (101- 
102), and (2) two years beyond the first level courses in either 
Mathematics or Physics. 

b. The major in Social Studies consists of (1) 18 hours in one 
field of concentration (beyond the 100 level in the case of History), 
and (2) 18 hours in at least three of the related Social Science 
fields. 

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE. A candidate for this degree selects 
graduation requirements from four divisions as follows: 

Division I: Humanities 

English Composition 6 hours 

Literature 6 hours 

Philosophy and Religion 6 hours 

Appreciation of Art 3 hours 

Appreciation of Music 3 hours 

Chapel and Assembly hours* 

Division II: Social Studies 

European or American History 6 hours 

Psychology 3 hours 

Political Science 6 hours 

Sociology 3 hours 

Division III: Sciences 

Physical Science and Biological Science 6 hours 

Physical Education hours* 

Division IV: Business Administration and Economics 

Accounting Principles 6 hours 

Principles of Business 3 hours 

American Economic History 3 hours 

Business Mathematics and Statistics 6 hours 

Business Law 8 hours 

Economic Principles and Problems 6 hours 

Economic Geography 6 hours 

* One hour credit of physical education and one half hour credit of assembly 
and chapel for each fall and spring semester that the candidate is in atten- 
dance at Lycoming College. 

The candidate for the Bachelor of Science degree may select a 
major of at least 24- hours from one of the following fields: Ac- 
counting, Banking and Finance, Economics, Executive Secretarial, 
Retail Distribution, or General Business Administration. 

45 



SPECIAL PROGRAMS 
FOR STUDY 



Lycoming is anxious to aid her students to prepare for living a 
normal, well-adjusted life, as well as to prepare them for a variety 
of careers. The growing belief in professional schools that the 
best preliminary training is a broad cultural education has added 
new emphasis to the type of program now offered by Lycoming. 
This program offers a general education, conceded as necessary to a 
well-rounded individual living in today's ever smaller world, and 
yet is equipped to add more specialized courses so that a student 
looking forward to a particular career may specialize in the field 
of his vocational interest. 

Choosing one's life work is an important and serious matter. 
In this selection, Lycoming, as a liberal arts college, plays an im- 
portant role. While some students enter college with a well-defined 
aim, many others are far from settled in their minds as to their own 
particular vocation. The first two years of a liberal arts course 
give the student glimpses into many fields and thus by the beginning 
of his third or Junior year, the student with this background and 
with the advice of the faculty, usually is well prepared to indicate 
his field of specialization. 

The following pages contain some of the programs offered at 
Lycoming. Others are available upon sufficient demand. It is 
recommended, therefore, that the student discuss his proposed plan 
with the Director of Admissions, or, if a returning student, with the 
Dean. 

SUGGESTED CURRICULUM FOR A.B. DEGREE 

FRESHMAN TEAR SOPHOMORE YEAR 

English 101-102 6 hours Literature 201-202 or 

History 101-102 6 hours 203-204 6 hours 

Religion 3 hours History 201-202 6 hours 

Psychology 101 3 hours Political Science 3 hours 

Physical Education 2 hours Physical Education 2 hours 

Electives 12 hours Electives 15 hours 



Total 32 hours Total 32 hours 

JUNIOR AND SENIOR YEARS 

Students select prescribed courses and electives to complete degree 
requirements as outlined in the previous section under GRADUATION. 

47 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

The Business Administration Course contains highly practical courses 
in the field of Business and Economics. In addition, the elements of a 
broad, cultural background valuable in preparation for positions of an 
administrative and executive nature, are retained. A suggested program 
is listed below: 



STANDARD CURRICULUM FOR THE B.S. DEGREE IN 
ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 



Freshman 



First Semester Hrs. 

English 101 3 

Religion 102 or Psych. 101 3 

Accounting 101 3 

Prin. of Bus. 103 3 

Bus. Math. 110 3 

Phys. Ed. 1 



16 



Second Semester Hrs. 

English 102 3 

Religion 102 or Psych. 101 3 

Accounting 102 3 

Am. Ec. History 104 3 

Bus. Statistics 111 3 

Phys. Ed 1 



16 



Sophomore 



English 201 or 203 3 

Princ. of Econ. 201 3 

Ec. Geography 301 3 

History 3 

Elective or Soc. 209 3 

Phys. Ed 1 



16 



English 202 or 204 3 

Econ. Problems 202 3 

Ec. Geography 302 3 

History 3 

♦Elective or Soc. 209 3 

Phys. Ed. l 



16 



Junior 



Political Sc. 201 3 

Science 101 3 

Business Law 302 4 

Electives 6 

Phys. Ed 1 



17 



Political Sc. 202 3 

Science 102 3 

Business Law 303 4 

Electives 6 

Phys. Ed 1 



17 



Senior 



Philos. or Elective 3 

Music Apprec. 301 3 

Electives 9 

Phys. Ed. 1 



Philos. or Elective 3 

Art Apprec. 301 3 

Electives 9 

Phys. Ed 1 



16 

Majors in Retail Distribution elect Speech 101. 

48 



16 




Bradley Hall Entrance 

Edward James Gray Memorial Library 

Dramatics 



Majors will be granted in the fields of Accounting, Banking and 
Finance, Retail Distribution and Economics upon the completion of 24 
hours in elective courses listed below. For those persons not desiring any 
particular major 24 hours must be elected in the field of Economics and/or 
Business Administration. 

1. Majors in Accounting — 24 hours 
Sophomore year — elect Accounting 215 and 216. 
Junior year — elect Accounting 309, 309A and 310. 
Senior year — elect Accounting 409, 409A and 410. 

2. Majors in Banking and Finance — 24 hours 
Sophomore year — elect Money and Banking 206 and 207. 

Junior year — elect Credits and Collections 304, Organization and Finance 
Management 307 and Real Estate 401. 

Senior year — elect Investment 308, Public Finance 405, and Bank Pol- 
icies and Administration 406. 

3. Majors in Retail Distribution — 24 hours 

Junior year — elect Principles of Retailing I and II 341-342, Retail 
Advertising and Sales Promotion 345, Retail Salesmanship 346. 

Senior year — elect Retail Buying and Merchandising 441, Retail Per- 
sonnel Management 443, Retail Problems I and II 445-446. 

4. Majors in Economics — 24 hours 

Junior year — elect Labor Problems 303, Labor Legislation 303A, Con- 
sumer Economics 304 and Transportation 402. 

Senior year — elect History of Economic Thought 403, Adv. Economics 
404, Principle of Public Utilities 406, Public Finance 405. 

5. Majors in Executive Secretarial Science — 24 hours 

Junior year — elect Business Correspondence 205, Advanced Shorthand 

331-332, Advanced Typing 335-336. 
Senior year — elect Office Machines 223, Office Practice 421-422. 

PRE-DENTISTRY 
The American Council on Dental Education has fixed a minimum of 
two full years of college work as a requirement for entrance to dental 
schools. However, a four-year course is recommended and the trend to- 
ward this has been very rapid following World War II. A suggested pro- 
gram is listed below: 

FRESHMAN YEAR JJrS. SOPHOMORE YEAR HrS. 

English 101-102 6 Literature 201-202 or 203-204 6 

Religion 102 3 Chemistry 202-203 8 

Chemistry 101-102 10 Biology 101-102 8 

Mathematics 6 History 201-202 6 

Foreign Language 6 Foreign Language or Elective .... 6 

Physical Education 2 Physical Education 2 

Total 33 Total ...~36 

JUNIOR YEAR HrS. SENIOR YEAR JJ rs . 

Chemistry 301-302 8 Physics 101-102 10 

Biology 201-202 8 Appreciation of Art 301 3 

Psychology 201 3 Philosophy 301 3 

Appreciation of Music 301 3 Biology 301 4 

Political Science 201 3 Economics 201 3 

History 101-102 6 Electives 6 

Physical Education 2 Physical Education 2 

Total 33 Total "il 

49 



PRE-LAW 
Many law schools are at present requiring the Bachelor of Arts Degree 
for admission. Training in law is not only basic to the practice of law 
itself, but also makes possible many other forms of public service. A sug- 
gested program is listed below: 



FRESHMAN TEAH HrS. 

English 101-102 6 

Science 101-102 6 

History 101-102 6 

Foreign Language 6 

Speech 101 or Psychology 101 .... 3 

Religion 102 3 

Physical Education 2 



Total 32 

JUNIOR YEAR HlS. 

History 301-302 6 

Economics 201-202 6 

Sociology 201-202 6 

Political Science 301-302 6 

Appreciation of Music 301 3 

Elective 3 

Physical Education 2 

Total 32 



SOPHOMORE YEAR # rs . 

Literature 201-202 or 203-204 .... 6 

History 201-202 6 

Psychology 201 or Speech 101 .... 3 

Philosophy 3 

Foreign Language or 

Sociology 101-102 6 

Political Science 201-202 6 

Physical Education 2 

Total 32 

SENIOR YEAR HrS. 

History 6 

Economics 3 

Appreciation of Art 301 3 

Political Science 303-304 6 

Electives 12 

Physical Education 2 



Total 32 



PRE-MEDICINE 

The modern physician or surgeon is no longer one who has studied 
merely medicine. He is a man with a broad cultural training, capable of 
treating more than physical ailments. Therefore, medical authorities are 
recommending a full four years of a liberal arts program, and requiring 
certain specific subjects in preparation for medical school. A suggested 
program is listed below: 

THE FOUR-YEAR COURSE 



FRESHMAN YEAR HrS. 

English 101-102 6 

Religion 102 3 

Chemistry 101-102 10 

Mathematics 101-102 6 

Foreign Language 6 

Physical Education 2 



Total 33 



JUNIOR YEAR 



Hrs. 



Chemistry 301-302 8 

Biology 201-202 6 

Political Science 201 3 

Psychology 201 3 

History 201-202 6 

Appreciation of Music 301 3 

Sociology 201 3 

Physical Education 2 

Total 34 



SOPHOMORE YEAR fl>S. 

Literature 201-202 or 203-204 .... 6 

Chemistry 202-203 8 

Biology 101-102 8 

History 101-102 6 

Foreign Language or 

Sociology 101-102 6 

Physical Education 2 

Total 36 

SENIOR YEAR HrS. 

Physics 101-102 (Gen.) 10 

Biology 401 4 

Biology 302 4 

Philosophy 3 

Economics 201 3 

Appreciation of Art 301 3 

Elective 3 

Physical Education 2 

Total 32 



50 



ART 

The art course is designed primarily to give the best possible founda- 
tion for further study in any of the specialized fields of art; to give thor- 
ough training in artistic creation; and to guide in developing the power of 
discrimination in general aesthetic appreciation. 

For a certificate of achievement a minimum of thirty hours in art sub- 
jects is required plus a sufficient number of academic hours to make a 
total of 60. 

The department reserves the right to retain representative examples of 
student work for purposes of exhibition. This is an acknowledgment of 
superior ability and assists the department in maintaining a high standard 
in its classes. 



SUGGESTED TWO 
(Leading toward work 

FRESHMAN YEAH 

Hrs. 

Art 105-106. Design 6 

Art 109-110. Sketch 2 

Art 121-122. Commercial 4 

Art 125. Costume Illus 2 

Art 127-128. Painting 4 

English Composition 101-102 6 

History 101-102 or 

Academic Electives 6 

Physical Education 2 

Total 32 



YEAR COURSE 
in Commercial Art) 

SOPHOMORE YEAR 

Hrs. 

Art 205-206. Design 6 

Art 209-210. Sketch 2 

Art 221-222. Commercial 4 

Art 227-228. Painting 4 

Art 107. Still Life 2 

Art 301. Appreciation 3 

Religion 102 3 

Academic Electives 6 

Physical Education 2 

Total 32 



SUGGESTED TWO-YEAR COURSE 

(Leading toward work in the Fine Arts) 

FRESHMAN YEAR 

Hrs. 

Art 105-106. Design 6 

Art 107-108. Still Life 4 

Art 109-110. Sketch 2 

Art 127-128. Painting 6 

English Composition 101-102 6 

History 101-102 or Academic El. 6 

Physical Education 2 



SOPHOMORE YEAR 

Hrs. 

Design 6 

Still Life 4 

Sketch 2 

Painting 6 

Religion 102 3 

Academic Elective 6 

Art Appreciation 301 3 

Physical Education 2 



Art 205-206 
Art 207-208 
Art 209-210 
Art 227-228 



Total 32 



Total 32 



51 



PRE-ENGINEERING 

This course is designed to give the student basic pre-professional 
courses in the field of engineering. The course recommended below is for 
all engineering students except chemical engineers. Chemical engineers 
will consult with the Director of Admissions or the Dean. 

TWO-YEAR COURSE 



FRESHMAN YEAR 

Hrs. 

English 101-102 6 

Chemistry 11-12 6 

Physics 101 5 

Mathematics 108-201 9 

Drawing 101-103 6 

Religion 102 3 

Physical Education 2 



Total 37 



SOPHOMORE YEAR 

Hrs. 

Physics 102 5 

Physics 201 3 

Mathematics 202-301 8 

Economics 201 3 

Speech 3 

Literature 201 or 203 3 

History 202 3 

Elective 3 

Physical Education 2 

Total 33 



LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY 

It is the aim of this course to supply an academic background of the 
basic science courses and then a year of practical work in the field. This 
course leads to a profession which is offering increasing opportunities, more 
especially in medical and hospital laboratories. 



FRESHMAN YEAR 

Hrs. 

English 101-102 6 

Chemistry 101-102 10 

Biology 101-102 8 

Religion 102 3 

Electives 3 

Physical Education 2 

Total 32 



SOPHOMORE YEAR 

Hrs. 

English 201-202 6 

Chemistry 205 4 

Chemistry 301-302 8 

Biology 201 4 

Electives S 

Physical Education 2 

Total 32 



JUNIOR YEAR 

Interneship at an approved hospital. 

Electives may be chosen from any college department, but the follow- 
ing courses are recommended: Qualitative Analysis, Physics, Mathematics, 
History, Economics, Psychology, Sociology, etc. 

Upon completion of the laboratory work at the hospital, the student is 
eligible for The Registry of Medical Technologists of The American Society 
of Clinical Pathologists. 

52 



MEDICAL SECRETARIAL 

The Medical Secretarial Course offers students a basic science back- 
ground in addition to secretarial skills. This course is especially desirable 
for those preparing for Medical or Dental Secretarial positions. 

FRESHMAN YEAR SOPHOMORE YEAR 

Hrs. Hrs. 

English 101-102 6 Biology 203-204 6 

Biology 101-102 8 Psychology 201 3 

Shorthand 105-106 6 Sociology 201 3 

Typewriting 107-108 6 Shorthand 210-214 6 

Chemistry 103 4 Typewriting 212-213 6 

Biology 104 3 Business Correspondence 205 3 

Physical Education 2 Bookkeeping 116 3 

Religion 3 

Physical Education 2 

Total 35 Total 35 



MUSIC 

The Music Course is a two-year course open to those who are regularly 
enrolled at Lycoming College. Other students attending Lycoming who 
are not registered in the Music Course may enroll for music courses with 
the consent of the Dean of the College and the Department Chairman. 
It is possible to obtain credit toward degrees granted by the college for 
certain of these courses taken as electives. Permission to do this, how- 
ever, must be obtained from the Dean of the College in writing and filed 
with the Registrar. 

Musical excellence in both the fields of fine technical musicianship and 
artistic performance is sought in every branch of musical work at Lycom- 
ing. Special attention is called to the advantages of the thorough-going 
fundamental training afforded students who desire to matriculate in a 
regular professional school of music. Class and public recitals are held 
frequently to afford students the opportunity to achieve poise in per- 
formance. Instrumental and vocal ensemble work hold an important place 
in the curriculum, and are therefore required. Class sessions and private 
lessons are taught in conformity to the college calendar, and absences are 
dealt with in accordance with the college policy. 

53 



TWO YEAR COURSE 



FRESHMAN YEAR 

Hrs. 

Music 101-102 — Sight Singing .... 4 

Music 103-104 — Dictation 4 

Music 105-106 — Harmony 6 

Music 107-108— Applied Music .... 3 

Music 109-110 — Ensemble 1 

English 101-102 — Composition .... 6 

Religion 102 3 

Academic Elective 6 

(French or German for 

Voice Majors). 

Physical Education 2 



Total 35 



SOPHOMOEE YEAH 

Hrs. 

Music 201— Sight Singing 2 

Music 203— Dictation 2 

Music 205-206— Harmony 6 

Music 207-208 — Applied Music .. 3 

Music 209-210 — Ensemble 1 

English 201-202 — Literature 6 

Social Studies — Elective 3 

Music 211-212— History of 

Music 6 

Music 213 — Stringed Instru- 
ment Class 1 

or 
Music 217 — Vocal Methods 

Class 1 

or 

Music 215 — Piano Sight Playing 1 

Physical Education 2 

Total 32 



SECRETARIAL SCIENCE 

Lycoming offers a two-year course in Secretarial Science. This course 
provides students with the opportunity to develop office skills required for 
secretarial work. 



FRESHMAN YEAR 

Hrs. 

English 101-102 6 

Shorthand 105-106 6 

Typewriting 107-108 6 

Bookkeeping 116 3 

Economics 201-202 6 

Religion 102 3 

Physical Education 2 

Total 32 



SOPHOMORE YEAR 

Hrs. 

Business Correspondence 205 .... 3 

Shorthand 210-211 6 

Typewriting 212-213 6 

Business Law 302-303 8 

Office Practice 222 3 

Electives 3 

Physical Education 2 

Office Machines 223 3 

Total 34 



54 



COURSES OF 
INSTRUCTION 



The courses of instruction are arranged in four divisions as 
shown below : 



DIVISIONS 

GROUP I. HUMANITIES. 

Art, English, French, German, Greek, Music Philosophy, Religion, 
Spanish, Speech. 

GROUP II. SOCIAL STUDIES. 

Economics, History, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology. 

GROUP III. SCIENCE. 

Biology, Chemistry, Drawing, Mathematics, Physical Education, Phys- 
ics, Science. 

GROUP IV. BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION. 

Business Administration, Economics, Secretarial Science. 

In a detailed description of the courses that follow, the courses 
of instruction are listed alphabetically by subject matter for the 
convenience of the reader. 

Courses numbered in the one hundreds are commonly first year 
subjects; those in the two hundreds are second year subjects; the 
three hundreds are third year or Junior subjects; and the four 
hundreds are fourth year or Senior subjects. 

The college reserves the right to withdraw any course for which 
there are fewer than ten students enrolled. 

55 



ART 

105-106. DESIGN I. Deals with organization of line, form, and tone to 
produce two-dimensional and three-dimensional design in which volume and 
space as well as flat patterns are accounted fundamentals. Six class 
periods per week. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

107-108. STILL LIFE I. Study of form and color. Invaluable training 
for advanced work in painting. Four class periods per week. 
Two hours credit per semester. 

109-110. SKETCH I. Devoted to acquainting the student with a variety 
of techniques and materials. Two class periods per week. 
One hour credit per semester. 

121-122. COMMERCIAL ART I. Study of letter forms and practice in 
the execution of freehand pen and brush letters. Study of good spacing and 
layout in advertising technique. Four class periods per week. 
Two hours credit per semester. 

125. COSTUME ILLUSTRATION. Study of the costumed figure and 
rendering of fabrics and textures as applied to commercial illustration. 
Four class periods per week. 
Two hours credit. 

127-128. PAINTING I. Devoted to oil and watercolor. Painting problems 
in landscape, still life and figure. Two, four, or six class periods per week. 
One, two, or three hours credit per semester. 

205-206. DESIGN II. Advanced design, with emphasis on practical 
application such as textiles, posters, etc. Six class periods per week. 

Prerequisite, Art 105-106. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

207-208. STILL LIFE II. Continuation of Still Life I. Four class 
periods per week. 

Prerequisite, Art 107-108. 

Two hours credit per semester. 

209-210. SKETCH II. Continuation of Sketch I. Two class periods per 
week. 

Prerequisite, Art 109-110. 

One hour credit per semester. 

56 



221-222. COMMERCIAL ART II. Continuation of Commercial Art I. 
Four class periods per week. 

Prerequisite, Art 121-122. 

Two hours credit per semester. 

227-228. PAINTING II. Continuation of Painting I. Two, four, or six 
class periods per week. 

Prerequisite, Art 127-128. 

One, two, or three hours credit per semester. 

301. HISTORY AND APPRECIATION OF ART. Devoted to ac- 
quainting the student with art history, philosophy, and methods. Em- 
phasis on the appreciation of great works of art. Three hours lecture per 
week. 

Three hours credit. 



BIOLOGY 

24 hours of biology are required for a major in this field. 
18 hours are required for a minor. 

101-102. GENERAL BIOLOGY. An introduction to the principles of 
biology, including the function of protoplasm and the cell. A systematic 
consideration of characteristic types of plants and animals, which is funda- 
mentally a beginner's course in general biology; one semester of botany 
(101) and one semester of zoology (102). Two hours lecture and recita- 
tion and two two-hour laboratory periods per week each semester. 
Four hours of credit per semester. 

103. MICROBIOLOGY. This course emphasizes the study of micro- 
organisms that affect mankind, especially those that cause diseases. Lab- 
oratory exercises deal with elementary bacteriological techniques and plant 
and animal parasites. Three hours lecture and recitation and one two-hour 
laboratory period per week. 

Four hours credit. 

104. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY. A basic knowledge of the skele- 
tal, circulatory, digestive, nervous, and excretory systems of the human 
body. Designed for Medical Secretarial students. Three hours lecture 
and demonstration. 

Prerequisite, Biology 101. 
Three hours credit. 

57 



107-108. BOTANY. Includes study of plant structure, function, and 
classification. Two hours lecture and two hours laboratory a week. 
Three hours credit per semester. 

201-202. COMPARATIVE VERTEBRATE ANATOMY. Deals with 
dissections of representative vertebrates, including the cat. Two hours 
lecture and recitation and two two-hour laboratory periods a week. 

Prerequisite, Biology 101-102. 

Four hours credit per semester. 

203-204. MEDICAL OFFICE TECHNIQUE. Medical ethics, patient 
psychology, and personal conduct in a medical office are included. The 
Pathologist and Bacteriologist of Williamsport Hospital provide demon- 
strations of procedures, First Aid, sterilization and care of instruments, and 
the maintenance of adequate office records. Observations are made in the 
hospital of such procedure in actual operation. Designed for the Medical 
Secretarial Students. During the second semester, actual observation work 
in a doctor's office acquaints the student with this work. 
Three hours credit per semester. 

301. PHYSIOLOGY. A study of the physiological processes of the 
human body. Two hours lecture and two two-hour laboratory periods per 
week. 

Prerequisite, Biology 201-202. 
Four hours credit. 

302. VERTEBRATE EMBRYOLOGY. The study of the development 
of an amphibian, the chick, and a mammal, from fertilization of the egg to 
fully formed embryo. Two hours lecture and two two-hour laboratory 
periods per week. 

Prerequisite, Biology 101-102. 
Four hours credit. 

401. HISTOLOGY. The study of cells and tissues of the human body. 
Two hours lecture and two two-hour laboratory periods per week. 

Prerequisite, Biology 201-202. 
Four hours credit. 

402. GENETICS. A study of the principles of inheritance and their 
application to human biology and to the improvement of plants and ani- 
mals. Three hours lecture. 

Prerequisite, Biology 101-102; Psychology 201. 
Three hours credit. 

58 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

101-102. ACCOUNTING. Assumes no knowledge of the subjects of 
bookkeeping or accounting on the part of the student. The course intro- 
duces the theory of balance sheets, problems of classification and interpre- 
tation of accounts; preparation of financial statements and accounting for 
single proprietorship, partnership and corporation. Manufacturing ac- 
counts are also presented. Two hours lecture and recitation and one two- 
hour laboratory period per week. 

Three hours credit each semester. 

103. PRINCIPLES OF BUSINESS. This course is designed to show 
the student how each division of a business enterprise is dependent upon 
other divisions and how the various functions are unified and co-ordinated 
by competent management. It treats briefly but thoroughly such inter- 
related business functions as Financing, Management, Purchasing, Adver- 
tising, Cost Accounting, Selling, Merchandising, and Labor Control, thus 
providing the student with an excellent survey of business functions before 
approaching specialized work. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

104. AMERICAN ECONOMIC HISTORY. This course is designed to 
show the student the picture of American economy. Developments in the 
major sub-divisions of our economic life have been integrated by giving 
specific attention to measuring the adaptation and performance of the 
economy as a whole. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

105-106. ELEMENTARY SHORTHAND. Study of the complete theory 
of Gregg shorthand by the functional method. Dictation and introduction 
to transcription. Class meets five times each week. 
Three hours credit each semester. 

107-108. ELEMENTARY TYPEWRITING. Complete mastery of the 
touch system of typewriting with emphasis upon attainment of accuracy 
and speed. Typing of artistic business letters and of other business forms 
is stressed. Class meets five times each week. 
Three hours credit each semester. 

110. BUSINESS MATHEMATICS. Designed primarily for students in 
the curriculum of Business Administration. Review of elementary algebra, 
linear and quadratic functions, logarithms, progressions, permutations and 
combinations, and the elementary theory of probability. Commercial appli- 
cations. Three hours lecture per week. 
Three hours credit. 

59 



111. BUSINESS STATISTICS. An introduction to the elementary theory 
of statistical analysis with applications. Central tendency, dispersion, skew- 
ness, trends, correlation, and index numbers. Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Business 110. 

Three hours credit. 

114-115. BUSINESS COMPUTATIONS. The fundamentals as well as 
the more advanced aspects of business calculations. Short methods and 
checks, percentages, interest, depreciation, and other matters usually 
treated in commercial and business arithmetic. Three hours lecture per 
week. 

Three hours credit each semester. Not offered 1950-1951. 

116. SECRETARIAL BOOKKEEPING. A course designed to give 
vocational training in the principles of bookkeeping to those secretarial 
students preparing for positions in the offices of attorneys, doctors, lawyers, 
and other professional people. The fundamental principles of accounting 
are developed and applied through the medium of practice sets. Three 
hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

117. SECRETARIAL BOOKKEEPING. The accrual basis of account- 
ing as applied to mercantile and trading enterprises is developed in this 
course. Actual practice of the theory will be obtained through the medium 
of practice sets. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

205. BUSINESS CORRESPONDENCE. A review of basic English 
grammar with emphasis upon its use in modern business letter writing. 
Actual practice in the writing of all major forms of business communica- 
tions with special attention given to the preparation of application letters 
and data sheets. Three hours lecture per week. 
Three hours credit. 

206-207. MONEY AND BANKING. A study of the nature and func- 
tions of money; the quantity theory; paper and deposit currency; collection 
of checks and the thorough study of the bank statement. The Federal 
Reserve System and its monetary policies; and a study of other contem- 
porary financial institutions. Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Business 102. Not offered 1950-1951. 

Three hours credit each semester. 

60 



210-211. ADVANCED SHORTHAND. Review of theory and the devel- 
opment of speed in the writing and transcribing of Gregg shorthand. 
Special training to acquire technical vocabularies in the fields of advertis- 
ing, agriculture, banking, insurance and law. Class meets five times each 
week. 

Prerequisite, Business 105-106. 

Three hours credit each semester. 

212-213. ADVANCED TYPEWRITING. Development of speed type- 
writing with a high degree of accuracy. Instruction and practice in typing 
all business letters and forms, tabulations, manuscripts, legal documents, 
Mimeograph stencils and Ditto master sheets. Class meets five times each 
week. 

Prerequisite, Business 107-108. 

Three hours credit each semester. 

214. MEDICAL SHORTHAND. The course is designed to develop a 
good working knowledge of medical terminology which is used in the 
physician's office, the hospital, the laboratory, and the insurance office. 
Class meets five times each week. 

Prerequisite, Business 210. 

Three hours credit. 

215-216. ACCOUNTING. Carries the fundamentals of accounting pre- 
sented in Principles of Accounting into the advanced field. It presents an 
intensive study of accounting statements with an emphasis upon corporation 
stock and bond accounts. Also descriptions of advanced and technical 
procedures found in general accounting with an emphasis on partnership, 
joint ventures, agency and branches, and corporate combinations. Three 
hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Business 102. 

Three hours credit each semester. 

222. OFFICE PRACTICE. Designed to give the student actual practice 
in applying the knowledge and skills which are acquired in the theory course 
to problems which arise in typical office situations. Two hours a week of 
practical experience secured in the faculty and administrative offices. 

Three hours credit. 

223. OFFICE MACHINES. Demonstration by the instructor of the 
proper techniques for operation of various business machines. Students 
obtain actual practice in the use of these machines in order to develop skill 
and speed. Class meets five times per week. 

Three hours credit. 

61 



302-303. BUSINESS LAW. Lecture course on the fundamentals of the 
law relating to business transactions: Contracts, agency, negotiable instru- 
ments, partnerships, corporations, sales, personality security contracts, 
guaranty and suretyship, insurance, and real estate. Four hours lecture 
per week. 

Four hours credit each semester. 

304. CREDITS AND COLLECTIONS. The fundamentals of credit, 
investigation and analysis of risks, collection plans and policies. The 
organization of credit and collection agencies is studied. Three hours 
lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Business 102. 
Three hours credit. 

305. MARKETING. Retail, wholesale, and manufacturing trade chan- 
nels; types of middlemen and functions; cooperative associations; market- 
ing functions and policies of retailer, wholesaler and manufacturer; produce 
exchanges and other markets. Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, six hours in Business Administration. 
Three hours credit. 

307. ORGANIZATION AND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT OF BUS- 
INESS UNITS. This course deals with the financing of business; the 
sources of capital and financial agencies such as note brokers, mortgage 
banks, investment bankers, commercial banks and commercial paper houses. 
An analysis of business promotions, reorganizations, mergers and consoli- 
dations, and the manner in which they are financed. Three hours lecture 
per week. 

Prerequisite, six hours in Business Administration. 

Three hours credit. 

308. INVESTMENTS. This course deals with the leading types of in- 
vestments, tests, investment programs, financial reports, forecasting methods 
and agencies, stock exchanges, brokerage houses, methods of buying and 
selling securities, etc. Laboratory work and case studies. Three hours 
per week. 

Prerequisite, six hours in Accounting. 

Three hours credit. 

309-309A. COST ACCOUNTING. Methods of accounting for material, 
labor and factory overhead expenses consumed in manufacturing are intro- 
duced. Laboratory sets are used to illustrate job order and process cost- 
ing. The recent development of the use of standard costs is introduced 

62 



and illustrated through problems. The application of cost principles to 
distributive organizations and governmental units is also presented. Three 
hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Business 216. 

Three hours credit. 

310. TAX ACCOUNTING. A study of the theory and practice of Fed- 
eral income, inheritance, gift and excise taxation. Actual cases, problems 
and forms are used to illustrate the law and to determine the taxpayer's 
liability to the Government. Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Business 102. 

Three hours credit. 

331-332. ADVANCED SHORTHAND. A shorthand course designed to 
develop in the writer a degree of skill and of speed sufficient to prepare 
him for court reporting and for executive work. Class meets five times 
per week. 

Prerequisite, Business 210-211. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

335-336. ADVANCED TYPEWRITING. A typewriting course designed 
to develop in the student a high degree of accuracy and of speed in the 
preparation of all business documents. Class meets five times per week. 

Prerequisite, Business 212-213. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

341-342. PRINCIPLES OF RETAILING I AND II. Survey of the 
field of retailing; history and development of different types of stores; 
advantages and disadvantages of each type; store location, layout, and 
organization; duties and functions of the different departments; coopera- 
tive movements in retailing; selection, training, and supervision of em- 
ployees. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

345. RETAIL ADVERTISING AND SALES PROMOTION. Funda- 
mental principles of the science of advertising; advertising media, copy, 
appeals, layouts, type, illustration, art, psychology; and fundamental 
principles of sales promotion and coordination of all forms within the 
organization. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

63 



346. RETAIL SALESMANSHIP. Fundamentals of efficient selling. 
Problems affecting the customer and the store; meeting customer needs; 
preparation and presentation of merchandise manual; sales demonstration. 
Three hours lecture per week. 
Three hours credit. 

350. COMMERCIAL ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTION. The use of 
drawing instruments, vertical lettering, orthographic projection, pictorial 
drawing dimensioning, and preparation of detail and assembly drawings is 
studied. Blue print reading relating to mechanical and architectural draw- 
ing is stressed. Two two-hour laboratory periods per week. 
Two hours credit. 

401. REAL ESTATE. The fundamentals of the real estate business in- 
cluding a study of titles, mortgages, leases, advertising, sale, purchase, 
development, and management of real estate. 

Prerequisite, six hours in Business Administration numbered above 200. 

Three hours credit. 

402-403. INSURANCE. The fundamentals of fire, marine, health, acci- 
dent, casualty, and social insurances. Commercial and governmental plans. 
Life insurance and annuities. Fidelity and surety bonds. Three hours 
lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, six hours in Business Administration numbered above 200. 
Three hours credit per semester. 

406. BANK POLICIES AND PROCEDURES. This course is designed 
to obtain a more specialized and practical knowledge of banking and related 
financial institutions. The course will emphasis actual organization and 
operation of the institution under study. The study will be supplemented 
with field trips and lectures in the classroom by various operating officers. 
Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Business 207. 

Three hours credit. 

409-409A. AUDITING. This course deals with the science of verifying, 
analyzing, and interpreting accounts and reports. An audit project is pre- 
sented, solved and interpreted throughout the year. Three hours lecture 
per week. 

Prerequisite, Business 309A. 

Three hours credit each semester. 

410. ACCOUNTING. This course is intended to meet the needs of those 
interested in professional accounting and in preparation for C. P. A. exam- 
inations. The problems presented throughout the course are taken from 

64 




5? 



past C. P. A. and American Institute of Accountants examinations and 
require in their solution a thorough knowledge of the subject matter of 
prerequisite courses taken. Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Business 409. 

Three hours credit. 

421-422. OFFICE PRACTICE. A course planned to give the student 
actual practice in applying the knowledge and skills which have been 
acquired in the theoretical business courses to problems which arise in 
typical office situations. Class laboratory will meet two hours per week. 
Four hours of work will be assigned in faculty and administrative offices. 

Prerequisite, Business 210, 212. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

441. RETAIL BUYING AND MERCHANDISING. Problems of mer- 
chandising. Responsibilities of the buyer; what, when, where and how to 
buy; types of merchandise, pricing, leased departments, sales planning and 
merchandise control; importance of volume, mark-up, mark-down, and 
turnover; emphasis on making a profit; actual store problems. Three 
hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

443. RETAIL PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT. Organization and re- 
sponsibilities of the personnel department: selection, training, welfare work, 
methods of payment, incentives for better work, morale, personnel prob- 
lems connected with the retail store. Three hours lecture per week. 
Three hours credit. 

445-446. RETAIL PROBLEMS I AND II. A survey of current issues 
confronting retail management and examination of the management, mer- 
chandising and publicity activities of retail stores. Current trends and 
differences in store practices are stressed; emphasis is given to govern- 
mental regulations, labor, and employee-employer relations. The case 
method is used extensively in the development of the course. Three hours 
lecture per week. 

Three hours credit per semester. 



CHEMISTRY 

Courses offered in this department are planned to meet the needs of 
several classes of students. They provide a thorough fundamental training 
in chemistry for those who (1) expect to enter medical, dental or other 
professional schools; (2) intend to do graduate work in this field; (3) plan 
to work in industrial laboratories as chemists (it should be realized that 
many laboratories now require advanced degrees); (4) wish a background 

65 



of chemical facts and theories the better to understand the world of chem- 
istry in which we live; or (5) are taking the special curricula in Medical 
Secretarial and Laboratory Technician Courses. 

Students who wish to major in chemistry must be recommended by the 
Department Head and complete 24 hours of chemistry in addition to 
General Chemistry. A minor field of concentration is 18 hours including 
General Chemistry. 

11. GENERAL CHEMISTRY. A brief introductory course presenting 
the fundamentals of inorganic chemistry and including a study of metallic 
and non-metallic elements and their compounds. Two hours lecture and 
one three-hour laboratory period per week. 

Three hours credit. 

12. GENERAL CHEMISTRY AND QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS. A 
continuation of Chemistry 11, together with a brief course in elementary 
qualitative cation and anion analysis. Two hours lecture and one three- 
hour laboratory period per week. 

Three hours credit. 

101-102. GENERAL CHEMISTRY. The course comprises a systematic 
study of the fundamental laws and theories of chemistry in connection 
with the most important metallic and non-metallic elements and their com- 
pounds. Three hours lecture and two two-hour laboratory periods per 
week. 

Five hours credit each semester. 

102A. GENERAL CHEMISTRY. Continuation of Chemistry 101; last 
half of semester covers elementary qualitative analysis. Three hours lec- 
ture and two two-hour laboratory periods per week. 

Five hours credit. 

103. APPLIED CHEMISTRY. A brief survey of general chemistry 
designed to prepare the student for an understanding of some of the many 
applications of chemistry to the home, to nutrition, and to nursing. Three 
hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory period per week. 

Four hours credit. 

201. QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS. An elementary course in the study 
of modern theories of solutions of electrolytes and their applications to 
cation and anion analysis. Two hours lecture and two three-hour labora- 
tory periods per week. 
Four hours credit. 

66 



202-203. QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS. A presentation of the funda- 
mental methods of elementary gravimetric and volumetric analysis together 
with practice in laboratory techniques and calculations of these methods. 
Two hours lecture and two three-hour laboratory periods per week. 
Four hours credit each semester. 

205. QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS. A one semester course in simple 
quantitative analysis given more briefly than course 202-203. The course is 
designed chiefly for laboratory technician students. Two hours lecture and 
two three-hour laboratory periods per week. 
Four hours credit. 

301-302. ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. A systematic study of the com- 
pounds of carbon including both aliphatic and aromatic series. The lab- 
oratory work introduces the student to simple fundamental methods of 
organic synthesis. Three hours lecture and one four-hour laboratory period 
per week. 

Four hours credit each semester. 

401-402. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. A study of the fundamental prin- 
ciples of theoretical chemistry and their applications. The laboratory 
work includes techniques in physico-chemical measurements. Three hours 
lecture and one four-hour laboratory period per week. 
Four hours credit each semester. 



DRAWING 

101. ENGINEERING DRAWING. The principles of orthographic pro- 
jection, axiometric drawing, and perspective through instrumental and free 
hand exercises. Vertical lettering, free hand sketches, use of drawing 
instruments, drafting room practice in conventional representations, prac- 
tice in pencil and ink tracing, sections, theory of dimensioning, detail and 
assembly drawings and the reading of working drawings. Class meets 
three two-hour laboratory periods per week. 
Three hours of credit. 

103. DESCRIPTIVE GEOMETRY. Graphical solution of the more 
advanced space problems, both theoretical and practical and those encoun- 
tered in engineering practice; practice in inclined free hand lettering. 
Problems involve the measurement of angles and distances and the gener- 
ation of various surfaces, together with their sections, developments and 
intersections. In each project visualization and analysis leads to a logical 
and efficient solution. Class meets three two-hour laboratory periods per 
week. 

Three hours of credit. 

67 



ECONOMICS 

Twenty-four hours of economics are required for a major in this field. 

201-202. PRINCIPLES AND PROBLEMS OF ECONOMICS. A study 
of the organization of the economic system and principles and problems 
that govern economic activity. Major topics covered include: produc- 
tion, consumption, exchange, distribution, risks of enterprise, banking, 
international trade, profits, rent, wages and social reforms. Three hours 
lecture per week. 

Three hours credit each semester. 

301-302. ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY. A general survey course, showing 
the relation of physical environment to man's economic and cultural 
achievements. Emphasis is placed on the part the United States plays in 
the occupations of man, as contrasted to other producing areas of the 
world. Three hours lecture per week. 
Three hours credit each semester. 

303. LABOR PROBLEMS. A study of the American labor movement 
and the position of the worker in modern industrial society. Unemploy- 
ment, wages, hours, child labor, woman in industry, the aged worker, unions, 
and industrial peace are among the problems considered. Three hours 
lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, six hours in Economics. 
Three hours credit. 

303A. LABOR LEGISLATION. A continuation of labor problems. Labor 
and the courts; federal regulation of capital-labor relations; the work of 
federal labor boards. Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Economics 303. 

Three hours credit. 

304. CONSUMER ECONOMICS. The place of the consumer in the eco- 
nomic system, forces back of consumer demand, governmental controls to 
aid the consumer, consumer economic education and private aids. Three 
hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, six hours in Economics. 
Three hours credit. 

402. TRANSPORTATION. Problems and policies of railroads, busses, 
inland waterways, air and ocean transportation. The economic importance 
and significance of transportation are emphasized. Three hours lecture per 
week. 

Prerequisite, six hours in Economics. 

Three hours credit. 

68 



403. HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT. An advanced course 
which deals with the origin, growth and significance of economic institutions 
with emphasis upon those of Europe and the United States. Three hours 
lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, six hours in Economics numbered above 200. 
Three hours credit. 
Not offered 1950-1951. 

404. ADVANCED ECONOMICS. Intended to co-ordinate the work of 
the special courses taken in the field of economics. More comprehensive 
analyses of economic forces than were taken in the elementary economic 
courses. Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Economics 201-202 and six hours in Economics numbered 
above 200. 

Three hours credit. 

405. PUBLIC FINANCE. Public revenue and expenditures; preparation 
of budgets; public taxation; public borrowing. Three hours lecture per 
week. 

Prerequisite, six hours in Business Administration numbered above 200 
and Economics 201-202. 
Three hours credit. 
Not offered 1950-1951. 

406. PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC UTILITIES. Public utility character- 
istics, organization, management, financing, combination, and accounting; 
regulation, valuation, and rate-making are stressed. Three hours lecture 
per week. 

Prerequisite, Economics 201-202. 
Three hours credit. 

ENGLISH 

A major in English consists of a minimum of 24 semester hours, ex- 
cluding 101-102, in courses offered by the department; at least 6 hours must 
be in American Literature and at least 15 hours in courses numbered 300 
and above. 

101-102. COMPOSITION. The two-fold purpose is to teach the student 
to read good prose of ordinary difficulty, both critically and appreciatively, 
and to organize his ideas in logical, connected discourse. Three hours lec- 
ture per week. 

Required of all freshmen. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

69 



201-202. SURVEY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE. The aim of the 
course is to acquaint the student with the major movements and authors. 
Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

203-204. HISTORY OF AMERICAN LITERATURE. A survey of our 
literature as the reflection of an emergent national culture. Three hours 
lecture per week. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

(Any two semesters' work in courses 201, 202, 203, and 204 will satisfy 
the requirement of 6 hours in literature). 

301. ROMANTIC MOVEMENT. A study in the English Romantic 
poets, Wordsworth to Keats. Three hours lecture per week. 
Three hours credit. 

303. VICTORIAN POETRY. The major poets from Tennyson to Hous- 
man. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 
Not offered 1950-1951. 

304. VICTORIAN PROSE. Emphasis is placed on the attitudes of the 
leading essayists toward the many and varied problems of the Victorian 
Age. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 
Not offered 1950-1951. 

311. SHAKESPEARE. A study of representative plays. Three hours 
lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

313-314. HISTORY AND APPRECIATION OF THE DRAMA. A 

study of the drama from the Greek beginnings to the present day, as to 
types, subject matter, and technical structure. Three hours lecture per 
week. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

316. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE. A study of the major trends 
in American and English Literature of the recent past. Three hours lec- 
ture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

70 



320. ADVANCED COMPOSITION. Consent of the instructor; limited 
to 15 students. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

(At least junior standing and 9 hours in English above the freshman 
year required for 400 courses). 

401-402. HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH NOVEL. Three hours lecture 
per week. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

404. AMERICAN REGIONAL FICTION. Three hours lecture per 
week. 

Three hours credit. 

410. HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. Some knowledge of 
Latin and one modern language will prove helpful. Three hours lecture 
per week. 

Three hours credit. 

415-416. STUDIES IN LITERATURE. Conferences, oral and written 
reports on selected topics designed to round out a student's knowledge of 
English and American Literature. Limited to qualified majors. 
Three hours credit per semester. 

FRENCH 

A major in French consists of 24 hours beyond French 12. 
A minor consists of 18 hours. 

11-12. BEGINNING. Fundamentals of pronunciation and grammar; 
practice in reading, conversation, and composition. Three class hours per 
week. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

101-102. INTERMEDIATE. Review of grammar. Study of modern 
texts; practice in conversation and composition. Reports on outside read- 
ing. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite 11-12 or equivalent. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

201-202. ADVANCED. Reading of classical and modern texts; outside 
readings and reports. Study of principal literary movements and civiliza- 
tion. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite 101-102 or equivalent. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

71 



203-204. COMMERCIAL. Not offered 1950-1951. 

301-302. ADVANCED GRAMMAR. Thorough study of grammar. 
Cours de style: French "from the inside," practice in composition and 
development of literary writing. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite 201-202 or equivalent. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

303-304. PHONETICS AND CONVERSATION. Not offered in 1950-51. 

351-352. MODERN DRAMA. Study of the principal dramatic move- 
ments of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, beginning with Victor 
Hugo and the Romantic School. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite 201-202 or equivalent. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

401-402. SURVEY. A study of representative works from the earliest 
monuments to modern times. Analysis of the texts and their relations to 
other literatures. Introduction to graduate methods of research and pre- 
paration. Required of all majors. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite 301-302 or equivalent. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

415-416. STUDIES IN LITERATURE. Special studies for majors. 
Conference hours and reports to be arranged. Prerequisite 401-402. 



GERMAN 
A major in German consists of 24 hours beyond German 12. 
A minor consists of 18 hours. 

11-12. BEGINNING. Fundamentals of pronunciation and grammar; 
practice in reading, conversation, and composition. Three class hours per 
week. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

101-102. INTERMEDIATE. Review of grammar. Study of modern 
texts; practice in conversation and composition. Reports on outside read- 
ing. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite 11-12 or equivalent. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

72 



201-202. ADVANCED. Reading of classical and modern texts; outside 
readings and reports. Study of principal literary movements and civiliza- 
tion. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite 101-102 or equivalent. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

301-302. ADVANCED GRAMMAR. Not offered 1950-1951. 

331-332. DIE NOVELLE. Readings and discussions of representative 
short stories, with emphasis on the more modern authors ; study of relations 
with other literatures. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite 201-202 or equivalent. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

401-402. SURVEY. A study of representative works from the earliest 
monuments to modern times. Analysis of the texts and their relations to 
other literatures. Introduction to graduate methods of research and pre- 
paration. Required of all majors. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite 301-302 or equivalent. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

415-416. STUDIES IN LITERATURE. Special studies for majors. 
Conference hours and reports to be arranged. Prerequisite 401-402. 

GREEK 

311-312. NEW TESTAMENT READINGS. Fundamentals of New Tes- 
tament Greek grammar. Readings from the Gospels according to St. Luke 
and St. Matthew. Three class hours per week. 

Open to students in Junior year or above, except by special permission. 

Three hours credit per semester. 



HISTORY 

The History Department aims to prepare students for intelligent citi- 
zenship and for entering the fields of religious work, law, government ser- 
vice, and other professions. Through a study of civilizations of the past, 
the student is expected to gain a better perspective of our own political, 
economic, and social structure and to be more aware of the nature and 
needs of contemporary life. 

A major in history consists of a minimum of 24 semester hours beyond 
History 101-102. 

A minor in history requires a minimum of 18 semester hours. 

73 



101. MODERN EUROPE TO 1815. A survey of Europe from the six- 
teenth century to the Congress of Vienna, with special attention to selected 
cultural, political, and economic movements of the era. Three hours lecture 
per week. 

Three hours credit. 

102. MODERN EUROPE SINCE 1815. A continuation of History 101 
with emphasis upon the Liberal and Nationalist movements of the nine- 
teenth century, and the background and history of World Wars I and II. 
Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

201. UNITED STATES AND PENNSYLVANIA HISTORY TO 1865. 
A course in the political, economic, and social factors in the history of the 
United States and the Commonwealth, designed to meet the state require- 
ments for a teaching certificate. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

202. UNITED STATES AND PENNSYLVANIA HISTORY SINCE 
1865. A continuation of History 201, with special attention to interna- 
tional relations, the problems of labor, education, and corporate control, 
and postwar activities. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

203. ANCIENT CIVILIZATION. The origin and character of the 
civilizations of antiquity, with special emphasis upon those elements of Greek 
and Roman culture which have been incorporated in the structure of 
western civilization. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

204. HISTORY OF MEDIEVAL EUROPE. The development of Euro- 
pean political, social, and religious institutions and cultural patterns from 
the collapse of the Roman Empire to 1500. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

301. THE COLONIAL PERIOD AND THE AMERICAN REVOLU- 
TION (1492-1789). A concentrated course on the discovery of the Con- 
tinent, and the events leading up to the Revolution and the adoption of 
the Constitution. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

302. AMERICAN FOREIGN RELATIONS. A study of the most sig- 
nificant diplomatic problems arising out of wars, westward expansion, and 
colonial possessions, with special attention to the evolution of the United 
States as a world power. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

74 



303-303A. CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY OF THE UNITED 
STATES. This course presents an analysis of American political philos- 
ophy, constitutional origins, and Supreme Court decisions in their influence 
upon economic and social problems. Three hours lecture per week. 
Three hours credit per semester. 

304. THE RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION. A study of the 
intellectual, artistic, and commercial developments from the fourteenth to 
the seventeenth century, together with the origin of the Protestant tradition 
and related political factors. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

305. MODERN ENGLISH HISTORY. The rise and development of the 
British Empire from Tudor times to the Commonwealth of Nations, cover- 
ing political and social reforms, the growth of the cabinet system, and 
imperial developments. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. (See Political Science 403). 

308. CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION. Emphasis is placed on 
the events leading up to the war; the various campaigns of the war will 
be considered and the return to peacetime activity. Three hours lecture 
per week. 

Three hours credit. 

310. RECENT HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES (1896-PRES- 
ENT). The development of the United States in the twentieth century. 
The problems and reforms of Theodore Roosevelt; Wilsonian doctrines; the 
First World War; the New Deal, its objectives, principles, and practices; 
the Second World War and its problems to the present. Three hours lec- 
ture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

317. THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND THE NAPOLEONIC ERA. 
An analysis of the political, social, and intellectual backgrounds of the 
French Revolution, a survey of the course of revolutionary development, 
and an estimate of the results of the Napoleonic conquests and administra- 
tion. Three hours lecture per week. 
Three hours credit. 

401-402. CONTEMPORARY EUROPE. A study of diplomatic, social 
and economic developments since 1914, with special reference to the rise 
of fascist states, international rivalries, the Soviet and Nazi revolutions, 
and world peace organizations. Three hours lecture per week. 
Three hours credit per semester. 

75 



MATHEMATICS 

The study of mathematics has always been considered valuable because 
of its training in exact reasoning, precise statement, and its emphasis on 
essentials. It is a foundation for work in the sciences, particularly engi- 
neering, physics, and chemistry. 

For the field of concentration with the major in mathematics, 24 hours 
are required; 18 hours for a minor. 

10. PLANE GEOMETRY. For students deficient in entrance mathe- 
matics. Three class hours per week. 
No college credit. 

100. INTERMEDIATE ALGEBRA. For students presenting only one 
year of high school algebra and desiring further work in science or engi- 
neering. Three class hours per week. No college credit toward a major. 

Three hours credit. 

101. COLLEGE ALGEBRA. After a rapid review of quadratic equa- 
tions, this course deals with the binominal theorem, permutations and combi- 
nations, probability, series, determinants, and theory of equations. Three 
class hours per week. 

Three hours credit. 

102. TRIGONOMETRY. An introductory course in plane trigonometry 
dealing with the use of logarithms in the solution of plane triangles, to- 
gether with the trigonometric functions of an angle and the fundamental 
identities connecting its functions. Three class hours per week. 

Three hours credit. 

108. ALGEBRA AND TRIGONOMETRY. Special engineering course 
open only to students with special permission. Five class hours per week. 

Five hours credit. 

109. ALGEBRA AND TRIGONOMETRY. Special engineering course 
open only to students with special permission. Four class hours per week. 

Four hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

110. ANALYTIC GEOMETRY AND DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS. 
Special engineering course open only to students with special permission. 
Four class hours per week.. 

Four hours credit. 

76 



201. ANALYTIC GEOMETRY. A study of the graphs of various 
equations; curves resulting from simple locus conditions with stress on the 
loci of the second degree; polar co-ordinates, and co-ordinates of space. 
Four class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, Trigonometry. 

Four hours credit. 

202. DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS. Usual course including the ele- 
ments of differentiation and their applications, maxima and minima, curve 
tracing, rates, curvature, and differentials, etc. Four class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, Mathematics 201. 

Four hours credit. 

301. INTEGRAL CALCULUS. Integration as the reverse of differen- 
tiation. Integration as a process of summation. Formal and numerical 
integration. Practical applications: areas, volumes, pressure, work, lengths 
of arc, etc. Four class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, Mathematics 202. 

Four hours credit. 

302. DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS. A first course in ordinary dif- 
ferential equations. Includes differential equations of first order with 
applications to physics, mechanics, and chemistry; linear equations with 
constant coefficients, simultaneous equations, and some special higher order 
equations. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, Mathematics 301. 

Three hours credit. 

401. ADVANCED CALCULUS. Includes a short course in solid analy- 
tic geometry, partial differentiation, power series, Maclaurin and Taylor 
series, multiple integrals. 

Prerequisite, Mathematics 301. 

Three hours credit. 

402-403. HIGHER ALGEBRA. First semester includes the elementary 
theory of equations. Second semester includes the study of the binomial 
theorem for any index, the summation of series, mathematical induction, 
elements of the theory of numbers, indeterminate equations, and probab- 
ility. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, Mathematics 101. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

77 



MUSIC 

101-102. SIGHT SINGING. The singing of folk songs and other stand- 
ard music literature. Melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic problems are 
approached through the use of actual musical material. Class sessions three 
hours a week. 

Two hours credit per semester. 

103-104. DICTATION. Melodic dictation parallels Music 101-102, and 
harmonic dictation parallels Music 105-106. Class sessions three hours a 
week. 

Two hours credit per semester. 

105-106. HARMONY. The study of chords, their construction, relations 
and progressions with the practical application of the principles involved 
to the keyboard. The harmonization of melodies with triads and seventh 
chords. Modulation. Composition, using the smaller forms. Class ses- 
sions three hours a week. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

107-108. APPLIED MUSIC. Private lessons are offered in piano, organ, 
violin, voice, and in the principal band and orchestra instruments. Two 
private lessons per week are required in one's principal field of performance 
and one private lesson in the minor field. Students in the Music Course are 
required to minor in piano until grade six in the Piano Course has been 
passed satisfactorily. Private lessons are one half hour long. 
One half hour credit per private lesson per semester. 

109-110. ENSEMBLE. The study and performance of compositions writ- 
ten in the various instrumental and vocal forms. Credit for ensemble work 
cannot exceed one hour each year. The following activities are provided: 

The Military and Concert Band. In the fall semester the band re- 
hearses three times a week, and twice a week in the spring semester. 

The Symphony Orchestra. In the fall semester the orchestra rehearses 
two times a week; spring semester, three times a week. Required of instru- 
mental majors. 

The College Choir. Meets once a week to prepare larger choral works. 
Required of voice majors. 

The A Cappella Choir. Selected voices taken from the student body at 
large. Meets three times a week to prepare unaccompanied compositions 
of many styles. 

The Men's Glee Club. Meets once a week. 

The Women's Glee Club. Meets once a week. 

78 



201. SIGHT SINGING. A continuation of courses 101-102 with examples 
being selected from major choral works. Class sessions three hours a week. 
Two hours credit. 

203. DICTATION. A continuation of courses 103-104 with added em- 
phasis being given to harmonic examples. Class sessions three hours a week. 
Two hours credit. 

205-206. HARMONY. A continuation of courses 105-106, including a 
study of altered chords. Class sessions three hours a week. 
Three hours credit per semester. 

207-208. APPLIED MUSIC. The continuation of private study. 
One half hour credit per private lesson per semester. 

209-210. ENSEMBLE. The second year of ensemble work. 
One credit hour per year for activities listed in 109-110. 

211-212. HISTORY OF MUSIC. A survey of the field of the history of 
music with special emphasis directed toward guided listening. Class ses- 
sions four hours per week. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

213. STRINGED INSTRUMENTS CLASS. The work covered includes 
a playing knowledge of the instruments and some study of their literature. 
Class sessions two hours per week. 
One hour credit per semester. 

215. PIANO SIGHT PLAYING CLASS. Reading of standard over- 
tures, symphonies and other piano literature for two, four and eight hands. 
Accuracy is demanded in rhythm, and guides are given to the technique of 
sight playing. Required of piano majors. Class sessions two times a week. 
One hour credit. 

217. VOCAL METHODS CLASS. A study of anatomy relative to vocal- 
ization; a survey of the physics of sound; a study of rhythm and pulse; 
diction studied through phonetic spelling. Practical application is made by 
singing, individually and as a class, selected songs and vocalises. Class 
sessions two hours a week. 
One hour credit. 

301. APPRECIATION OF MUSIC. A general survey of musical liter- 
ature designed to increase the enjoyment of music rather than to study 
music in a technical sense. Students in the Music Course are not obliged 

79 



to take this course, but those in the Liberal Arts Course are required to 
do so. Class sessions three hours a week. 
Three hours credit. 

REQUIRED WORK 

Pianoforte Majors 

Pre-college work in the Piano Department is divided into six grades. 
Special students (those not regularly enrolled in the College) and College 
students who desire to study piano as a secondary subject will follow the 
Preparatory Course. Those who desire to major in piano at the college 
level must meet the requirements of Piano 6 to enter the first year of 
college piano. 

Piano 6: Major and minor scales, four octaves. Major, minor and 
diminished arpeggios, three octaves. Short preludes of Bach. Easier 
sonatas of Mozart and Haydn. Mendelssohn's Songs Without Words or 
material of comparable difficulty. 

College Piano 
Piano 7: (First year) Major, minor and chromatic scales in parallel 
motion. Whole tone scale. Major and minor arpeggios, dominant and 
diminished sevenths in all positions, four octaves. Bach Two Part Inven- 
tions. Mozart and Beethoven Sonatas. Mendelssohn's Songs Without 
Words and other selected materials from the classical, romantic and 
modern periods. 

Piano 8: (Second year) Major, minor and chromatic scales in con- 
trary motion. Arpeggios as in Piano 7, contrary motion. Bach Three Part 
Inventions. Mozart and Beethoven Sonatas of greater difficulty. Romantic 
and Modern Compositions. Sophomore recital. 

Piano 9: (Third year) Major, minor and chromatic scales in thirds, 
sixths and tenths, four octaves; also double thirds. Arpeggios as in Piano 
8 with increased speed. Bach Partitas, French and English Suites, and 
Well-Tempered Clavichord. Beethoven Sonatas. A continuation of Ro- 
mantic and Modern compositions. Junior recital. 

Piano 10: (Fourth year) Bach-Well Tempered Clavichord. Beethoven 
Sonatas of greater difficulty. Concertos, Chopin Etudes, and greater works 
of the Romantic and Modern periods. Senior recital. 

Organ 
Piano 6 constitutes the minimum background required to permit a 
student to study organ. Additional work in piano may be required at the 
discretion of the department head. The foundation teaching in organ is 
based on trios and pedal studies. Much attention is given to clarity and 
precision, voice progression, registration and artistic phrasing. The student 
is given the opportunity to work in both the church and recital fields of 
organ playing while being given a knowledge of the best in organ literature. 

80 



REQUIRED WORK 

Voice Majors 

Requirements for graduation in this department at the Junior College 
level include a minimum of one year in a foreign language (preferably 
French or German). A candidate for graduation must be able to read at 
sight an American song of average difficulty, perform acceptably at the 
piano compositions of Piano 6 and present a public recital of songs. En- 
semble singing required. 

Voice 1: (First year) A study of posture, breathing and resonance as 
these are applied to tone production. A study of the speaking voice in its 
relation to singing. Standard vocalises and simpler sacred and secular 
songs in English. Less difficult songs of Franz, Schubert, etc. (in Ger- 
man), folk songs. 

Voice 2: (Second year) The continuation of vocalises as above with 
others of greater difficulty added. Classic songs of Bach, Handel, Haydn 
(in English), Mozart (in Italian), and Italian songs of the Bel Canto 
period, Franz, Schubert, Schumann, and Brahms (in German), simpler 
French songs and modern English and American songs. An introduction 
to oratorio. Sophomore recital. 

Voice 3: (Third year) Vocalises of greater difficulty involving an 
understanding of Major, Minor, and Chromatic scales. Arias and recitatives 
from Bach, Handel, Haydn, Mozart. Representative German lieder. Mod- 
ern French, Italian, and Russian songs (in English). More difficult English 
and American songs. A continuation of oratorio. Junior recital. 

Voice 4: (Fourth year) A continuation of German lieder and mod- 
ern songs of varied styles, including those of Franck, Debussy, Faure and 
others. One complete oratorio role. Senior recital. 

Violik Majors 

Violin — (First year). Major scales, and melodic minor scales through 

three octaves. Harmonic minor scales through two octaves. The above to 

be played with a variety of bowings, and with both rapid and slow tempo. 

Major scales in thirds, sixths, and octaves, compass one octave, with a slow 

tempo. Additional technical study from Sevcik and Gruenberg. 

The Kreutzer studies. Suitable pieces, and student concertos and sonatas 

to parallel the technique studied. In all, purity of intonation, and beauty 

of tone will be the goal set by teacher and student. 

Violin — (Second year). The study of scales continued with tempos being 

increased. Harmonic minor scales through three octaves. Major and minor 

scales in thirds, sixths, and octaves, compass one octave, with a slow tempo. 

Further study of technique. 

Fiorillo studies. Rode studies. 

Advanced type of pieces, sonatas, concertos. 

Sophomore recital. 

81 



Violin — (Third year). The study of scales continued. 

Major and minor scales in thirds, sixths, and octaves, compass two 

octaves. 
Advanced studies. 

Compositions representive of the classical, romantic, and modern period. 
Junior recital. 

Violin — (Fourth year). Advanced studies. 

Compositions — sonatas, concertos, etc., representing the literature of 

the violin. 
Senior recital. 

PHILOSOPHY 

207. INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY. This basic course intro- 
duces the student to the philosophical spirit as distinguished from the 
scientific; the criteria of truth based upon the synoptic method as a 
coherent organic whole; comparison of ideas to reality with major consider- 
ation of universals and values. These are considered in the whole of life 
experience as well as the contributions of science, democracy, and Chris- 
tianity. Three class hours per week. 
Three hours credit. 

209. PROBLEMS OF PHILOSOPHY. The study of the chief philoso- 
phical world views with the aim to develop a perspective for the interpre- 
tation of experience and to contribute to the intelligent and effective social 
action of the student are the aims of this course. Three class hours per 
week. 

Prerequisite, Philosophy 207. 

Three hours credit. 

303. ETHICS. The central purpose of this course is to give constructive 
guidance in areas of vital concern to modern youth in college life. The 
modern problems of personal conduct and social ethics are considered in 
the light of the principles of moral obligations. Three class hours per 
week. 

Prerequiste, Philosophy 207. 

Three hours credit. 

305. LOGIC. An introduction to the principles of reasoning based upon 
the methods of inductive and deductive logic with a major consideration of 
the syllogism, fallacies, methods of science, and criteria of truth. Three 
class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, Philosophy 207. 

Three hours credit. 

82 



401. HISTORY OF ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY. A 

study of the ancient and medieval philosophers and their major contribu- 
tions. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, Philosophy 207. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

402. HISTORY OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY. A study of modern 
philosophy beginning with Francis Bacon and English empiricism through 
its development, as well as the development of rationalism, idealism, posi- 
tivism, pragmatism, and personalism. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, Philosophy 207. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

It is the aim of the Physical Education Department to provide a suit- 
able and useful program for the development of reasonable skill and per- 
manent interest in wholesome activities that may be enjoyed after gradua- 
tion; to stimulate the formation of regular health habits; and to give suit- 
able exercises developing a high degree of physical fitness. 

The specific requirement for graduation consists of successful comple- 
tion of four years of required physical education. In case of disability, 
students may be excused from the active part of the program upon recom- 
mendation of a physician and with the consent of the Department Head. 
Such students will, however, complete a program of restricted activity, 
assigned readings in health education, or a combination of both in order to 
obtain credit in physical education for graduation. 

101-102. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Basic instruction in fundamentals 
of "carry over" sports such as swimming, tennis, badminton, bowling, vol- 
leyball, basketball, Softball, handball, boxing, calesthenics, informal gym- 
nastics, etc. Passing a proficiency test in swimming shall be required. 
Two hours each week. 

One hour credit per semester. 

201-202. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. More advanced work in activities 
offered Freshmen. The student is permitted to express a preference for the 
sports he likes best and encouraged to become a skillful enthusiast in the 
activities of his choice. A reasonable degree of proficiency in a sport of 
his choice shall be required. Two hours each week. 
One hour credit per semester. 

301-302. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. A continuation of Physical Educa- 
tion 201-202 with emphasis placed on actual participation in games and 
sports. Two hours each week. 
One hour credit per semester. 

83 



303. PERSONAL HYGIENE. A thorough course in practical knowl- 
edge of personal hygiene. Two hours lecture per week. 

Two hours credit per semester. 
Not offered 1950-1951. 

304. PUBLIC HYGIENE. A survey course in home and community 
hygiene. 

Two hours credit per semester. 
Not offered 1950-1951. 

401-402. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. A continuation of Physical Educa- 
tion 301-302. Two hours per week. 
One hour credit per semester. 

PHYSICS 

The courses in physics are designed for (1) students who wish to learn 
something of the facts and laws of physics and their application to the 
physical world in which we live; (2) students preparing to enter medical, 
dental, or engineering school; and (3) students who expect to do practical 
work in industry. 

101-102. GENERAL PHYSICS. A course in the first semester covering 
mechanics, heat, and sound; and in the second semester, magnetism, elec- 
tricity, and light. Lectures and recitations based on a standard text ac- 
companied by a systematic course in quantitative laboratory practice. 
Three hours lecture and two two-hour laboratory periods per week. 

Prerequisite, Mathematics 101-102 or parallel. 

Five hours credit per semester. 

201. STATICS. The division of mechanics which includes the fundamen- 
tal conception of a force, the resolution of a force into components, and the 
composition of forces into a resultant. Both the analytical and the graphic 
solutions are used. Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Mathematics 101-102; Physics 101-102. 
Three hours credit. 

202. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS. The application of analytical and 
vector methods to mechanical systems, including moment and shear dia- 
grams. Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Physics 201. 
Three hours credit. 

84 



301. DYNAMICS. A division of mechanics including forces which act on 
a body to cause a change in its motion. Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Physics 201. 
Three hours credit. 

302. METEOROLOGY. A study of basic principles pertaining to the 
observation and recording of weather data, and the basing of future 
weather predictions on them. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

303. PHYSICS. Light. A study of the theories of physical optics and 
an introduction to modern spectroscopy. Lecture and laboratory. 

Prerequisite, Physics 101-102; Conference on mathematical background 
required. 

Credit three or four hours. 



POLITICAL SCIENCE 

The courses in political science are intended to acquaint the student 
with the political institutions and political problems in the United States 
and the world today. 

201. AMERICAN GOVERNMENT. An inquiry into the structure and 
functions of the various organs of national government, with special refer- 
ence to their expansion to meet the problems of a modern society. Three 
hours of lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

202. STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT. A comparative study of 
the organization and functions of the states and their subdivisions, their 
relationship to the federal government, and the newer concept of the work 
of state administration. Three hours of lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

301. PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL SCIENCE. A study to acquaint 
the student with the functions of the modern state, the development of 
political thought, individual liberty under the law, and the nature of 
political parties. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

302. POLITICAL PARTIES AND PRESSURE POLITICS. A study 
of political parties in the United States with emphasis upon factors of con- 
trol, campaign techniques, propaganda, and their relationship to pressure 
groups. Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Political Science 201. 
Three hours credit. 

85 



303. COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT. An analysis of several govern- 
ments of the world, affording a comparison between democratic and author- 
itarian states, with particular attention directed to changes resulting from 
World War II. Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Political Science 201. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

304. MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT. An analysis of different forms of 
city government in the United States, the relation of the city to the states, 
city politics and elections, and the problems of municipal administration. 
Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Political Science 201. 
Three hours credit. 

AMERICAN FOREIGN RELATIONS. (See History 302). 

CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES. (See 
History 303). 

BUSINESS LAW. (See Business Administration 302 and 303). 

401. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION. A study of the principles, organ- 
ization, and procedures of public administration, with special attention to 
the location of authority, analyses of objectives, and the problems of re- 
sponsible bureaucracy. Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Political Science 201. 
Three hours credit. 

402. THE SUPREME COURT AND THE CONSTITUTION. A de- 
tailed analysis of the Supreme Court's interpretation of federal government, 
due process of law, the protection of civil liberties, the police power, inter- 
state commerce, and the executive power. Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Political Science 201. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

403. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. A study of contemporary world 
politics with special attention to the problems of post-war reconstruction 
and efforts to achieve collective security and a new world order. Three 
hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Political Science 201. 
Three hours credit. 

86 



404. INTERNATIONAL LAW. A study by the case method of the na- 
ture and scope of the rules governing the conduct of states with one another 
during peace, war and neutrality. Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, Political Science 201. 

Three hours credit. 



PSYCHOLOGY 

The psychology courses aim to acquaint the student with the facts and 
laws of behavior, especially human behavior, and with the experimental and 
scientific approach to this field. These courses aim to give the student 
background preparation for professions which relate to individual and 
group behavior. 

101. PERSONAL ADJUSTMENT. An applied course dealing with the 
fundamentals of the adjustment process with emphasis on the adjustment 
of the student to college. Reading and study, social development, voca- 
tional selection, personal efficiency, and the problems of emotional and 
spiritual growth will be given special consideration. Three class hours per 
week. 

Three hours credit. 



201. GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY. A brief study of the nervous system, 
sensory processes, and the physiological drives in behavior. Textbook, 
lectures, readings, and experiments. Three class hours per week. 

Three hours credit. 

203. EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY. A survey of the general psy- 
chological principles as applied to learning and the development of per- 
sonality. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, Psychology 201. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

204. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. The behavior of the individual with 
reference to the group. Social factors in personality, such as imitation, 
suggestion, attitudes, ideals, etc. Reciprocal effect of group behavior on 
the individual. Three class hours per week. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

205. HUMAN RELATIONS. A study of the social and psychological 
interaction of people with emphasis upon the conditions for, and diagnosis 
of, harmonious relations. Basic study materials are cases drawn from 

87 



everyday experiences, supplemented by selected readings from a wide 
variety of sources. Class discussions, reports, few lectures. Three class 
hours per week. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

206. GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY. A continuation of Psychology 201 for 
students specializing in Psychology. Three class hours per week. 
Three hours credit. 

209. VOCATIONAL AND OCCUPATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY. To ac- 
quaint students with the problems of vocational choice and placement, 
factors in occupational adjustment, classifying occupations, methods of 
studying occupations and occupational fields, methods of studying workers 
and prospective workers, occupational information for guidance purposes, 
occupational trends in the United States, the handicapped worker. Three 
class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, Psychology 201. 

Three hours credit. 

301. INDUSTRIAL PSYCHOLOGY. The application of the principles 
to vocational guidance, problems of personality, problems of employment, 
advertising, the professions, and physical efficiency. Three class hours per 
week. 

Prerequisite, Psychology 201. 
Three hours credit. 

302. ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY. A general survey of the principal 
forms of mental abnormalities with emphasis upon symptoms, causes, and 
treatment. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, two courses in Psychology. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

303. MENTAL HYGIENE. Technique for diagnosing personality, study 
of personality. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, three hours in Psychology. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

304. STATISTICS. Numerical trends, curve, index, correlations, inter- 
pretation of charts and graphs. Three class hours per week. 

Three hours credit. 

88 



308. CHILD PSYCHOLOGY. Aims to study the behavior from birth 
to maturation; principles in harmony with normal, wholesome development 
of childhood; consideration of intellectual, emotional, social, physical, and 
vocational adjustments of youth. Three class hours per week. 
Three hours credit. 

401. TESTS AND MEASUREMENTS. Practical survey course of the 
field of tests, and measurements; deals with development of tests, principles 
involved in construction, administration, uses, and misuses of tests in 
school, industry, and court. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, General and Educational Psychology. 
Three hours credit. 

402. SYSTEMATIC PSYCHOLOGY. A study of the various theories of 
Psychology, with regard to their agreements and conflicts. Three class 
hours per week. 

Prerequisite, three hours in Psychology. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1931. 

RELIGION 

101. THE LIFE AND TEACHINGS OF JESUS. An exegetical ap- 
proach to the life and teachings of Jesus according to the Gospel of Luke 
and its historical background. A comparison of the other synoptic gospels 
in an effort to give an integrated life of the Master will be considered. A 
relationship of His teachings to the present day will be considered. Three 
hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

102. THE LITERATURE OF THE NEW TESTAMENT. A general 
survey of the literature of the New Testament with the acts of the Apostles 
considered as the basic source followed and integrated by the writings of 
Paul. The literature will be studied in both the historical and literary 
approach with reference to dates, background, authorship, and general 
teaching. The student not only will know Paul as a dynamic personality 
but also will become acquainted with the beginning of the Christian church. 
Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. 

103. THE LITERATURE OF THE OLD TESTAMENT. A survey of 
the most important works of the Old Testament concerning the nature of 
authorship and the general teaching of these books. Each book will be 
studied as a unit with emphasis upon its relation to Hebrew History and 
to the evolution of Christianity. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

89 



203. THE PROPHETS. A consideration of the prophetic movement in 
Israel beginning with the pre-literary prophets and including the works of 
Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, Jeremiah, and the prophets of the Restoration. Three 
hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

207. COMPARATIVE RELIGION. A comparative study of the re- 
ligious beliefs and practices of mankind as they are represented in the 
living religions of the present day. An attempt will be made to discuss 
the ethical effects of the religions which are peculiar to those studied. 
Three hours lecture per week. 
Three hours credit. 

209. GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF RELIGIOUS EDUCA- 
TION. A survey of the entire field of religious education will be made in 
its growth and development, including Judaism, Graeco-Roman, and Chris- 
tian education, paralleling the history of the Church, with particular em- 
phasis upon the period from Luther to the present. Three hours lecture 
per week. 

Three hours credit. 

222. CONTEMPORARY RELIGIONS IN AMERICA. A study of the 
religious life in the United States with special reference to the Protestant 
church, but also including the Roman Catholic church, Judaism, and the 
sects. Members of various religious groups will be invited to present their 
views to the class. Three hours lecture per week. 
Three hours credit. 

301. METHOD AND TRAINING EXPERIENCE. A consideration of 
the problems of organizing a curriculum, techniques of teaching, and lead- 
ership training. There will be actual supervision of training experience in 
the churches of the immediate vicinity, in both observation and participa- 
tion in the educational work in an effort to give the student practical 
experience. Three hours lecture per week. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

304. THE BIBLE AS LITERATURE. A study of the Psalms, the 
Book of Job, and other selected portions of the Bible with special em- 
phasis upon their literary value. The spiritual significance of this litera- 
ture of the Old Testament will be emphasized. Three hours lecture per 
week. 

Three hours credit. 

90 



SCIENCE 

The aim of these courses is to give the student not entering the scien- 
tific field a background of some of the more important laws, theories, and 
methods of the physical and biological sciences operating in the universe 
and their effect on mankind. Science 101-102 satisfies the science credit for 
graduation, but may not be counted toward any science minor or major. 

101. SCIENCE I. Survey course in the principles of the Physical Sciences, 
emphasizing the scientific method. Three hours of lecture per week. 

Three hours of credit. 

102. SCIENCE II. A continuation of Science I emphasizing the Biologi- 
cal Sciences. Three hours of lecture per week. 

Three hours of credit. 

SECRETARIAL SCIENCE 

105-106. ELEMENTARY SHORTHAND. See Business 105-106. 
107-108. ELEMENTARY TYPEWRITING. See Business 107-108. 

114. BUSINESS COMPUTATIONS. See Business 114. 

115. BUSINESS COMPUTATIONS. See Business 115. 
116-117. BOOKKEEPING. See Business 116-117. 

205. BUSINESS CORRESPONDENCE. See Business 205. 
210-211. ADVANCED SHORTHAND. See Business 210-211. 
212-213. ADVANCED TYPEWRITING. See Business 212-213. 
214. MEDICAL SHORTHAND. See Business 214. 
222. OFFICE PRACTICE. See Business 222. 
331-332. ADVANCED SHORTHAND. See Business 331-332. 
335-336. ADVANCED TYPING. See Business 335-336. 
421-422. OFFICE PRACTICE. See Business 421-422. 

SOCIOLOGY 

The courses in sociology are designed to give students an understanding 
of human relationships, institutions and the social processes; to familiarize 
students with the nature and causes of social problems; to equip the student 
with basic courses for continuing advanced work in various fields of social 
study. 

101-102. INTRODUCTORY SOCIOLOGY. A study of the genesis and 
development of human society including the following topics: the origins 
of man and human culture; primitive society and institutions; the origins 

91 



of modern society; factors influencing the shaping of society including the 
physiographic, biological, and psychological; the cultural factors in social 
life; mores and folkways; and social organization and control. Three class 
hours per week. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

201. SOCIAL PROBLEMS. A survey of certain problems of the con- 
temporary social order including the following: culture area concept; social 
ecology of a city; adaptive lag; socialized education; the social hazards of 
modern industrial life; social changes and social problems caused by wide- 
spread use of motor transportation, automatic machinery, the movies, the 
radio, the shortened working week; urbanization of population; Social 
Security Act; unemployment; mothers' pensions; concept of the biological 
lag; illegitimacy; the meaning and social significance of modern city plan- 
ning: social settlements; social effects of the labor movement. Three class 
hours per week. 

Three hours credit. 

202. MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY. A study of the background 
and contemporary aspects of the modern American family covering the 
following topics: cultural backgrounds of the modern family; historical 
phases of the modern family; contemporary problems — biological, economic, 
and psychological; family disintegration and reorganization. Three class 
hours per week. 

Three hours credit. 

204. SOCIAL PATHOLOGY. A survey of the more serious pathological 
maladjustments of contemporary American society. Among the problems 
studied are: causes, social results, and treatment of poverty; drug addic- 
tion; alcoholism; mental disease; mental deficiency; prostitution; vaga- 
bondage; sickness, blindness and deafness; neglected children; disablement; 
and old age. One or more preliminary courses in Sociology desirable, 
though not required. Three class hours per week. 
Three hours credit. 

209. BUSINESS SOCIOLOGY. The place of business in the modern 
world; its relation to other institutions; social problems and human rela- 
tions within business and industry. Three hours lecture per week. 

Prerequisite, open to all Business Administration majors; others by 
consent of instructor only. 

Three hours credit. 

302. EDUCATIONAL SOCIOLOGY. The aims, goals, and purposes of 
education as interpreted from the sociological viewpoint. Topics to be con- 
sidered are: the nature and function of Educational Sociology; the indi- 
vidual and the social group, its educational implications; the development 

92 



of the social personality; the school as a social institution; the home and 
education; the community and education; problems of improvement of the 
teaching service; educational objectives as viewed from society's needs; 
educational guidance; discipline and moral education. Three class hours 
per week. 

Prerequisite, 3 semester hours of Sociology. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

401. CRIMINOLOGY. An introductory course including the following: 
the nature of crime; causes and factors in crime and delinquency; crime 
and delinquency as affected by environmental factors; criminal detention 
and court procedure; the punishment of crimes; the prison method of pun- 
ishment; parole and pardon; reformation and prevention of crime. Three 
class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, 6 semester hours of Sociology. 

Three hours credit. 

402. RACIAL AND MINORITY PROBLEMS. A study of the adjust- 
ments which the minority racial and national groups in our population are 
making to the social, economic, and religious patterns of our contemporary 
culture. Also, the contributions which these groups are making and have 
made to the culture patterns in the United States. Among the groups 
studied are: the Indian, the Negro, the French-Canadian, the Finns, the 
Polish, the Irish, the Chinese, Japanese, and Filipinos. The Alien Regis- 
tration Act 1940 and immigration and naturalization requirements are 
given attention. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, 6 semester hours of Sociology. 
Three hours credit. 



SPANISH 

A major in Spanish consists of 24 hours beyond Spanish 12. 
A minor consists of 18 hours. 

11-12. BEGINNING. Fundamentals of pronounciation and grammar; 
practice in reading, conversation, and composition. Three class hours per 
week. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

101-102. INTERMEDIATE. Review of grammar. Study of modern 
texts; outside readings and reports; practice in conversation and composi- 
tion. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequiste, 11-12 or equivalent. 

Three hours credit per semester. 



201-202. ADVANCED. Reading of Golden Age and modern texts; out- 
side readings and reports. Study of principal literary movements and 
civilization. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, 101-102 or equivalent. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

203-204. COMMERCIAL. Study of business letters and practice in writ- 
ing replies. Business terminology and trade relations with Spanish-speak- 
ing countries, dictation of typical business material. Three class hours 
per week. 

Prerequisite, 101-102 or equivalent. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

301-302. ADVANCED GRAMMAR. Spanish style illustrated by read- 
ing representative modern authors. Difficult points of grammar and usage 
studied. Drill on idioms and verb forms of high frequency. Three class 
hours per week. 

Prerequisite, 201-202, 203-204 or equivalent. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

303-304. CONVERSATION. Not offered in 1950-1951. 

401-402. SURVEY. A study of representative works from the earliest 
monuments to modern times. Analysis of the texts and their relations to 
other literatures. Introduction to graduate methods of research and 
preparation. Three class hours per week. Required of all majors. 

Prerequisite, 301-302 or equivalent. 

Three hours credit per semester. 

415-416. STUDIES IN LITERATURE. Special studies for majors. 
Conference hours and reports to be arranged. 
Prerequisite, 401-402. 

SPEECH 

101. PUBLIC SPEAKING. Development of assurance in public appear- 
ance through impromptu and extemporaneous speaking. Attention to pos- 
ture, pronunciation, enunciation, voice, and grammatical construction. 
Voice recordings to enable students to hear their own voices and correct 
their own faults. Three hours class per week. 

Three hours of credit. 

102. PUBLIC SPEAKING. An advanced study of persuasive speaking, 
with practice in the organization and presentation of material to fit vary- 

94 



ing specific audiences. Study of effective techniques in delivery. Voice 
recordings. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, Speech 101. 

Three hours of credit per semester. 

201. RADIO SPEECH. Voice and Diction. Introduction to the speech 
phase of radio. Time devoted exclusively to functional radio speech activ- 
ity. Microphone practice, criticisms, periodic voice recordings, interpre- 
tation of radio dramatic material with emphasis on convincing character- 
ization. Three class hours per week. 

Prerequisite, three hours of speech. 
Three hours credit. 

202. RADIO SPEECH. Radio Production. A continuation of the voice 
and diction work of Radio Speech 201 plus that phase of radio which has 
to do with preparing and presenting programs on the air. Three class 
hours per week. 

Prerequisite, Speech 201. 
Three hours credit. 

802-303. PLAY PRODUCTION. Fundamentals of acting, stage design, 
costume, and make-up. Lecture and laboratory work with final goal pro- 
duction of plays. 

Three hours credit per semester. 



95 



SUMMARY OF STUDENTS 

Summer Session 1949 

College Enrollment 

Arts and Science 120 

Business Administration 65 

Total 185 

Fall Semester 1949 

Arts and Science 421 

Business Administration 245 

Pre-Engineering 42 

Secretarial and Medical Secretarial 37 

Laboratory Technology 7 

Art 4 

Music 8 

Nurses (34) and Special Students (14) 48 

Total 812 



Total Fall and Summer Sessions 997 

Less Duplications 142 

Total 855 



INDEX 



Accrediting 3 

Administrative Staff 8 

Admission Requirements 39 

Advance Standing 41 

Aim 16 

Application Procedure 39 

Art 23,51,56 

Athletics 36 

Attendance 43 

Audio-Visual Services 20 

Biology 44,57 

Board of Directors 6 

Board of Directors 

Standing Committees 7 

Buildings 17 

Business Administration 48,59 

Calendar 4 

Chemical Engineering 52 

Chemistry 44,65 

Clarke Memorial 18 

College, the Location 

and History 15 

College Publications 35 

Contents, Table of 5 

Courses of Instruction 55 

Art 56 

Biology 57 

Business Administration 59 

Chemistry 65 

Drawing 67 

Economics 68 

English 69 

French 71 

German 72 

Greek 73 

History 73 

Mathematics 76 

Music 78 



Philosophy 82 

Physical Education 83 

Physics 84 

Political Science 85 

Psychology 87 

Religion 89 

Science 91 

Secretarial Science 91 

Sociology 91 

Spanish 93 

Speech 94 

Cultural Influences 34 

Curriculum Information 39 

Degrees 15,44 

Directors, Board of 6 

Directors, Committees of 7 

Discipline 38 

Discounts 25 

Dismissal 35,38,43 

Divisions *>5 

Dormitories 17 

Drawing 67 

Economics 44, 68 

English 44,52 

Expenses 21 

Faculty 8 

Fees 22 

Financial Information 21 

Fraternities 36 

French 71 

Freshmen, Provisions for 33 

General Information 15 

German 72 

Grading System 42 



97 



INDEX — Continued 



Graduation Requirements 44 

Grounds and Buildings 17 

Guidance 40 

Gymnasium 17 

Health 36 

History 15 

Infirmary Service 37 

Library 19 

Loans 26 

Mathematics 44,76 

Medical Secretarial 53 

Music 23,53,78 

Organ 53,80 

Payments, Terms of 23,24 

Philosophy 82 

Physical Education 83 

Physical Examination 37 

Physics 84 

Piano 53,80 

Placement Service 41 

Political Science 85 

Prizes 31 

Probation 43 

Programs for Study 47 

Suggested Curriculum for 

A.B. & B.S. Degree 47,48 

Business Administration 48 

Pre-Dentistry 49 

Pre-Engineering 52 



PAGE 

Pre-Law 50 

Pre-Medicine 50 

Art 51 

Laboratory Technology 52 

Secretarial Science 54 

Medical Secretarial 53 

Music 53 

Psychology 87 

Recreation 36 

Regulations 38 

Religion 89 

Religious Tradition 33 

Resident Student Life 38 

Rich Hall 17 

Scholarships 26,27 

Secretarial Medical 53 

Secretarial Science 54,91 

Self-Help 26 

Sociology 91 

Spanish 93 

Speech 94 

Suspension 24 

Student Activities 35 

Student Government 34 

Student Life 33 

Students, Classification of 42 

Student Publications 35 

Students, Summary of 96 

Table of Contents 5 

Terminal Education 40 

Veterans, Provisions for 41 

Violin 53,81 

Voice 53,81 



98 



BULLETIN 

Lycoming College 

SUPPLEMENT TO THE OFFICIAL BULLETIN 
JANUARY 1950 ISSUE 

ACCREDITATION 

Lycoming College is accredited by the Middle States 
Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools, The 
Pennsylvania State Department of Education, and the 
University Senate of the Methodist Church. 

THE CHURCH WORKERS' COURSE 

Introduction 

Lycoming College is proud to announce the Church Workers' 
Course through this supplement to the Official Bulletin. Applica- 
tions for admission to this course are now being received. 

The need for more young people trained to aid the pastor in per- 
forming his many and varied duties has become more and more 
evident during the past several years. Encouraged by the success 
of a two year program on the Junior College level a few years ago, 
Lycoming College has developed a four year curriculum leading 
to the Bachelor of Science Degree. 

The course is organized to insure a depth and breadth of general 
cultural education, the essentials of religious education, and a major 
in a field of desired specialization. The program is flexible enough 
to allow a student to seek training for a definite position in a specific 
church if desired. 

If training for a specific position is not desired, the student may 
elect, in consultation with his faculty adviser, a program which will 
best suit his or her needs. For example, this course is ideally suited 
for young women desiring to prepare themselves for homemaking. 

Purpose 
The major objective of this course * is to prepare young men and 
women to assist pastors in carrying out the work of the church. This 
will include an understanding of the educational task of the local 
church as it helps growing persons to live more effectively as Chris- 
tians. To this end special emphasis will be placed on (a) under- 
standing growth as a process of becoming; (b) acquainting the stu- 
dents with Judaic-Christian tradition as expressed in the Bible, in 
the great music of the church, and in the history of religious educa- 
tion; (c) examining the materials, procedures, and organization of 
present day Christian religious education; and (d) providing practi- 
cal experience under competent supervision. 

•Students desiring to study for the ministry should enroll in the Pre- 
Ministerial Course. 



Courses of Study Included in the Program 

Art Public Speaking 

Dramatics and Pageantry Religious Education 

English Religion and Bible 

History Science 

Music Secretarial Studies 

Philosophy Sociology 

Physical Education Training Experience 

Psychology 

Interdepartmental Majors 

Young people entering this course may major in Religious Train- 
ing and Music, Religious Training and Secretarial Science, or Re- 
ligious Training and Social Studies. 

Provision for Training Experience 

Opportunity for practical experience is offered during the later 
years of the course through a cooperating program with the local 
churches and social agencies. Through this program young people 
are able to gain valuable experience under supervision. 

Admission Requirements 

A candidate for admission must be of good moral character and 
show evidence of ability and preparation. The usual evidence of 
preparation is a certificate showing satisfactory completion of 15 
units of high school work or its equivalent as follows: 

English History Math Science Electives 

B.S. Degree 3 (4 years) 1 1 Algebra 1 8 

1 Plane Geo. 

Applicants ranking in the upper three-fifths of their high school 
class or presenting a certificate showing all grades of college certifi- 
cate value may be admitted without examination. 

Candidates for entrance who do not meet the above requirements 
may be accepted upon making a satisfactory score on an aptitiude 
test. 

Cost of the Course 

Tuition — yearly (Normal Schedule) $350.00 

Board and Room — yearly, Women 550.00 

yearly, Men 518.00 

Registration Fee* — Payable with Application for 

Admission (Does not apply to main bill) 10.00 

Activities Fee — Boarding Students 25.00 

Day Students 20.00 

Other fees such as Room Deposit Fee, Breakage Fee, Laboratory Fees, or 
the like are charged as they apply (See catalogue, Page 22). 

* Not refundable if accepted for admission. 



Application Procedure 

Complete application forms for admission to Lycoming College 
may be obtained from the Director of Admissions. These should be 
completed as directed and returned to the Admissions Office. 

RURAL SOCIOLOGY 

In cooperation with the Central Pennsylvania Conference, Ly- 
coming College announces the appointment of a faculty member who 
will counsel student accepted supply pastors for the rural churches 
of the Conference ; assist in other rural church work, and offer Rural 
Sociology at the college. 

ADDITIONAL FACULTY MEMBERS 

Henry H. Shissler, Director of Rural Training (1950) 

Assistant Professor of Sociology 

B.S., Millersville State Teachers College; S.T.B., Westminster Theologi- 
cal Seminary; M.Ed., Pennsylvania State College. 

ADDITIONAL COURSE OFFERINGS 

HISTORY 

320. PENNSYLVANIA HISTORY. A history of Pennsylvania from 
its founding to the present day. All phases of life in the colony and com- 
monwealth are treated. This course is designed to meet the state require- 
ments for a teaching certificate. 

Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 

SOCIOLOGY 

310-311. RURAL SOCIOLOGY. A study of the organization of rural 
life and of the problems of American rural communities. 
Three hours credit per semester. 

410. PASTORAL ACTIVITIES. A study of the techniques of public 
worship, preaching and other various functions associated with the average 
urban and rural church. 

Prerequisite, Sociology 310-311. Not offered 1950-1951. 

Three hours credit. 

412. PASTORAL ADMINISTRATION. A study of the problems and 
methods of church organization and administration as they influence rural 
and urban communities. 

Prerequisite, Sociology 310-311. Not offered 1950-1951. 

Three hours credit.