lili LLETI N LYCOMING COLLEGE WILLI AMSPORT. PENNA. Offering POUR YEARS OF COLLEGE Catalogue 1919-1950 Announcements for 1950-1951 BULLETIN LYCOMING COLLEGE Entered at the Post Office at Williamsport, Pa., as second class matter under the Act of Congress, August 24, 1912. Issued six times a year, January, February, April, July, October, and November. Vol. 3 January 1950 No. 1 CATALOGUE NUMBER Martha B. Clarke Memorial Chapel and Dining Hall Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2010 with funding from Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation http://www.archive.org/details/bulletinlycoming31lyco OFFICIAL BULLETIN Lycoming College (Formerly WILLIAMSPORT-DICKINSON ) ANNOUNCEMENTS OF COURSES 1950-1951 OFFERING FOUR YEARS OF COLLEGE Williamsport, Pennsylvania Approved to Grant Baccalaureate Degrees by the Pennsylvania State Department of Education and the University Senate of the Methodist Church Member of Association of Methodist Colleges Pennsylvania Association of Colleges and Universities CALENDAR 1950 February 3, Friday — Second Semester Begins March 31, Friday after classes — Easter Recess Begins April 10, Monday — Easter Recess Ends April 11, Tuesday — Classes Resume June 4, Sunday — Commencement SUMMER SESSION June 19, Monday — Registration June 20, Tuesday — Classes Begin July 1-5, Saturday, after classes to Wednesday — Fourth of July Recess July 6, Thursday — Classes Resume July 27, Thursday — First Period Ends July 28, Friday — Second Period Begins August 31, Thursday — Second Period Ends 1950-1951 FIRST SEMESTER September 18, Monday — Orientation Period for Freshmen Begins September 21-23, Thursday 8:30 A. M. to Saturday noon — Regis- tration of Nonfreshmen September 24, Sunday — Matriculation Service September 25, Monday — Classes Begin November 22, Wednesday noon — Thanksgiving Recess Begins November 26, Sunday — Thanksgiving Recess Ends November 27, Monday — Classes Resume December 21, Thursday after classes — Christmas Recess Begins January 2, Tuesday — Christmas Recess Ends January 3, Wednesday — Classes Resume January 26-January 31, Friday through Wednesday — Reschedul- ing for Second Semester January 30, Tuesday — First Semester Ends SECOND SEMESTER January 31, Wednesday — Registration of New Students February 1, Thursday — Second Semester Begins March 16, Friday after classes — Easter Recess Begins March 26, Monday — Easter Recess Ends March 27, Tuesday — Classes Resume June 3, Sunday — Commencement TABLE OF CONTENTS Page CALENDAR 4 BOARD OF DIRECTORS 6 COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS 7 ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF 8 FACULTY 8 GENERAL INFORMATION 15 The College, Location, History, Aim, Buildings, Library, Audio-Visual Services. FINANCIAL INFORMATION 21 General Expenses, Payments, Loans, Self-Help, Endow- ment Scholarships, Scholarships. STUDENT LIFE 33 Provisions for Freshmen, Religious Tradition, Cultural In- fluences, Student Government, Student Activities, Recrea- tion and Health, Resident Student Life, Discipline, Regu- lations. CURRICULUM INFORMATION 39 Application Information, Requirements for Admission, Terminal Education, Guidance, Placement Service, Pro- vision for Veterans, Advance Standing, Classification of Students, Grading System, Normal Student Load, Over- load, Probation, Dismissal, Attendance, Graduation. SPECIAL PROGRAMS FOR STUDY 47 COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 55 SUMMARY OF STUDENTS 96 INDEX 97-98 BOARD OF DIRECTORS OFFICERS Hon. Robert F. Rich President Mr. Arnold A. Phipps Vice President Rev. A. Lawrence Miller, Ph.D Secretary TERM EXPIRES 1950 Rev. Harry F. Babcock, D.D State College Bishop Charles Wesley Flint, LL.D Washington, D. C. Judge Don M. Larrabee, LL.D Williamsport Dr. Charles A. Lehman Williamsport Mr. Spencer S. Shannon Bedford Mrs. H. Marshall Stecker Mount Carmel Mr. George W. Sykes Conifer, N. Y. Rev. W. Galloway Tyson, D.D Drexel Hill Rev. G. Cecil Weimer Williamsport Rev. J. Merrill Williams, D.D Roaring Spring TERM EXPIRES 1951 Mr. Harold A. Brown Williamsport Mr. Ivan E. Garver Roaring Spring Mrs. Layton S. Lyon Williamsport Mr. John H. McCormick Williamsport Rev. Elvin Clay Myers, D.D Bloomsburg Mr. Arnold A. Phipps Williamsport Hon. Robert F. Rich Woolrich Rev. J. E. Skillington, D.D York Mr. George L. Stearns, II Williamsport Judge Charles Scott Williams Williamsport TERM EXPIRES 1952 Mr. Charles V. Adams Montoursville Rev. W. W. Banks Jersey Shore Bishop Fred P. Corson Philadelphia Mr. Frank Dunham Wellsboro Mr. R. K. Foster Williamsport Mr. Ralph E. Kelchner Jersey Shore Rev. A. Lawrence Miller, Ph.D Williamsport Rev. W. Edward Watkins, D.D Harrisburg Rev. L. Elbert Wilson Waynesboro Dr. Paul E. Witmeyer Williamsport 6 COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS The President of the Board of Directors and the President of the College are ex-officio members of all standing committees. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE Judge Charles S. Williams Chairman Reverend G. Cecil Weimer Secretary Mr. Harold A. Brown Judge Don M. Larrabee, LL.D. Reverend A. Lawrence Miller, Ph.D. Reverend Elvin Clay Myers, D.D. Mr. Arnold A. Phipps Honorable Robert F. Rich Mr. George L. Stearns, II Dr. Paul E. Witmeyer FINANCE COMMITTEE Mr. Harold A. Brown Chairman Mr. Kenneth E. Himes Secretary Mr. Charles V. Adams Mr. Rodgers K. Foster Mr. John H. McCormick Reverend A. Lawrence Miller, Ph.D. Mr. Arnold A. Phipps AUDITING COMMITTEE Mr. Ralph E. Kelchner Chairman Reverend W. Edward Watkins, D.D. Reverend J. Merrill Williams, D.D. ATHLETIC COMMITTEE Reverend W. W. Banks Chairman Reverend Elvin Clay Myers, D.D Secretary Mr. Charles V. Adams Mr. Frank Dunham Judge Don M. Larrabee, LL.D. 7 ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF John W. Long President Archie R. Ayers Dean Florence Dewey Dean of Women Donald J. Felix Dean of Men T. Sherman Stanford Director of Admissions and Registrar Robert G. Wharton, Jr Business Manager Kenneth E. Himes Treasurer William S. Hoffman Administrative Consultant Oliver E. Harris Director of Guidance C. Herbert Picht College Chaplain Noreen C. Blum Librarian Bessie L. White Recorder Clara E. Fritsche Bookkeeper Katherine R. Woolever Publicity Director James L. Gleason Statistician M. Joan Evenden Assistant Bookkeeper Nellie F. Gorgas Secretary to the President Pearl Brelsford Secretary to the Dean Rosemary Ford Secretary to the Registrar Emily Biichle Secretary to the Business Manager Dorothy J. Streeter Bookstore Manager Frederick S. Derr, M.D College Physician Martha B. Brouse College Nurse FACULTY John W. Long, President (1921) A.B., D.D., Dickinson College; LL.D., Western Maryland; Drew Theo- logical Seminary. Archie R. Ayers, Dean (1949) Professor of Education B.S., University of South Carolina; M.A., Duke University; Ph.D., George Peabody College for Teachers. Eric V. Sandin, Divisional Director, Humanities (1946) Professor of English B.S., Wesleyan University; M.A., Columbia University; Ph.D., Univer- sity of Illinois. 8 George S. Shortess, Divisional Director, Science (1948) Professor of Biology A.B., Johns Hopkins University; A.M., Columbia University; Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University. J. Milton Skeath, Dean (1921) Professor of Psychology A.B., Dickinson College; M.A., University of Pennsylvania; on Sabbatical leave 1949-1950. Mabel K. Bauer (1942) Associate Professor of Chemistry B.S., Cornell University; M.S., University of Pennsylvania. Robert H. Ewing (1947) Associate Professor of History A.B., College of Wooster; M. A., University of Michigan. Phil G. Gillette (1929) Associate Professor of Spanish A.B., Ohio University; M.A., Columbia University. George S. Goodell (1947) Associate Professor of Sociology B.S., M.A., New York University. Oliver E. Harris, Director of Guidance (1948) Associate Professor of Psychology A.B., M.S., Pennsylvania State College. Herbert Eugene Ketcham (1949) Associate Professor of Foreign Languages A.B., College of the City of New York; M.A., New York University; Ph.D., University of North Carolina. Claude C. Kiplinger (1949) Associate Professor of Chemistry A.B., Western Reserve University; M.S., Ohio State University. Loring Benson Priest, Divisional Director, Social Studies (1949) Associate Professor of History Litt.B., Paitgers University; A.M., Ph.D., Harvard University. T. Sherman Stanford Director of Admissions, Registrar, Athletic Director (1946) Associate Professor of Chemistry B.S., Thiel College; M.S., Pennsylvania State College. 9 James W. Sterling (1924<) Associate Professor of English A.B., M.A., Syracuse University. Armand J. L. Van Baelen (1947) Associate Professor of Mathematics College Communal, Tirlemont Belgium; B.S., Agric College, Gembloux, Belgium; M.S., Rutgers University. Helen Breese Weidman (1944) Associate Professor of Political Science A.B., M.A., Bucknell University; Ph.D., Syracuse University. Joseph D. Babcock (1931) Assistant Professor of Physics A.B., Dickinson College. Carl S. Bauer (1946) Assistant Professor of Engineering Drawing B.S., M.Ed., Pennsylvania State College. Noreen Chalice Blum, Librarian (1949) Librarian with Rank of Assistant Professor A.B., Cornell College; B.S., Illinois University. Florence Dewey, Dean of Women (1929) Assistant Professor of Violin, Theoretical Subjects B.S., M.A., Columbia University; graduate, Institute of Musical Art of the Juilliard Foundation. J. Milnor Dorey (1947) Assistant Professor of English A.B., M.A., Dickinson College; M.A., Harvard University. Louise G. Frownfelter (1947) Assistant Professor of Speech B.S., M.A., Bucknell University; M.A., Teachers College, Columbia University; diploma from Emilie Krider Norris School of Ex- pression. John P. Graham (1939) Assistant Professor of English Ph.B., Dickinson College; M.Ed., Pennsylvania State College. Harold I. Hinkelman Acting Divisional Director, Business Administration (1946) Assistant Professor of Accounting B.S., Shippensburg State Teachers College; M.S., Bucknell University. 10 George W. Howe (1949) Assistant Professor of Biology A.B., M.S., Syracuse University; Ph.D., Cornell University. Frances E. Knights (1947) Assistant Professor of Mathematics A.B., M.A., Bucknell University. Walter G. McIver (1946) Assistant Professor of Voice Mus.B., Westminster Choir College. Mary Jane Marley (1946) Assistant Professor of Secretarial Studies B.S., M.S., Bucknell University. Charles Herbert Picht, College Chaplain (1948) Assistant Professor of Philosophy A.B., Union College; S.T.B., Boston University. Donald George Remley (1946) Assistant Professor of Mathematics, Physics A.B., Dickinson College; M.A., Columbia University. Mary Landon Russell (1936) Assistant Professor of Organ, Piano Mus.B., Susquehanna University Conservatory of Music. Robert F. Smith, Basketball Coach (1946) Assistant Professor of History B.S., Lock Haven State Teachers College; M.Ed., Pennsylvania State College. Mary Elizabeth Stewart (1948) Assistant Professor of History B.S., University of Pennsylvania; M.A., University of Pennsylvania; M.A., Smith College; Ph.D., Columbia University. John A. Streeter (1946) Assistant Professor of Economics A.B., M.A., Pennsylvania State College. Clair J. Switzer (1945) Assistant Professor of Religion A.B., Juniata College; A.M., Bucknell University; B.D., Susquehanna University Theological Seminary. George Leb Baer, Football Coach (1947) Instructor in Physical Education B.S., University of Delaware. 11 Lulu Brunstetter (1925) Assistant Librarian with Rank of Instructor Bloomsburg State Normal. Roger Earle Cogswell (1946) Instructor in French A.B., Sorbonne University, Paris, France. Hazel B. Dorey (1943) Instructor in Piano Honor graduate, Zeckwer-Hahn Conservatory of Music, Philadelphia, Pa. Donald J. Felix, Dean of Men (1946) Instructor in Physical Education B.S., East Stroudsburg State Teachers College. Helen M. Felix (1948) Instructor in Physical Education B.S., East Stroudsburg State Teachers College. Samuel Good (1949) Instructor in Economics B.S., Emory University; M.S., University of Pennsylvania. Kenneth E. Himes, Treasurer (1948) Instructor in Banking B.S., Drexel Institute of Technology; G.S.B., Rutgers University. Alberta Krebbs (1949) Instructor in Art A.B., MacMurray College; M.A., Columbia University. Eloise B. Mallinson (1946) Instructor in English A.B., Bucknell University. Jean C. Milnor (1948) Assistant Librarian with Rank of Instructor A.B., Goucher College. Gloria F. Rebecchi (1948) Instructor in Spanish, French B.S., Temple University; A.M., University of Pennsylvania. Ralph D. Riley (1949) Assistant Librarian with Rank of Instructor B.A., B.S., Syracuse University. 12 James W. Sheaffer (1949) Instructor in Music B.S., Indiana State Teachers College; M.S., University of Pennsylvania. Ned N. Sweitzer (1949) Instructor of Psychology B.S., Lock Haven State Teachers College; M.A., University of Iowa. Virginia L. Smith (1946) Instructor in English A.B., Juniata College; M.A., Pennsylvania State College. Loyal Tillotson (1949) Instructor in Retail Management B.S., M.B.A., Bradley University. Leonard T. Wright (1949) Instructor in Business B.S., M.B.A., Syracuse University. PART TIME INSTRUCTORS Wellard T. Guffy (1946) Accounting B.S., Bucknell University. James A. Heether (1945) Chemistry A.B., Bucknell University; M.S., University of Pennsylvania. Don L. Larrabee (1945) Attorney at Law Business Law A.B., Allegheny College; Wharton Graduate School of the University of Pennsylvania and Law School of the University of Pennsylvania. Margaret L. Straw (1949) Anatomy and Physiology B.S., University of Pennsylvania; R.N., Williamsport Hospital. Donald T. Williamson (1949) Accounting A.B., Dickinson; C.P.A. (Pennsylvania). 13 GENERAL INFORMATION THE COLLEGE Lycoming College is a liberal arts institution. It is co-educa- tional and provides facilities for both day and boarding students. The four year program offers courses of study leading to Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees. In addition, certain two year terminal programs are available. LOCATION The college is located near the center of the city of Williams- port, Pennsylvania, on a slight eminence, which causes the institu- tion to be affectionately referred to as "The College Upon the Hill- top." Its stately campus of elms, maples, and numerous shrubs form an attractive setting for the imposing buildings. Williamsport itself is known as "The Queen City of the West Branch of the Susquehanna River," on the famed Susquehanna Trail, midway between Buffalo, New York, and Washington, D. C. It is famed for its picturesque scenery, its beautiful homes, and the culture and kindness of its people. The Pennsylvania and Read- ing Railroads, with their fast trains, and the Lakes-to-Sea and the Greyhound busses put it within two hours of Harrisburg, four and a half hours of Philadelphia, and six hours of Pittsburgh and New York. Capital, TWA, and American Airlines place the time at forty minutes to Harrisburg, an hour and ten minutes to Philadel- phia, one hour and fifteen minutes to New York, and about three hours to Boston. HISTORY Lycoming College has a long and varied history of service in the educational field. Founded in IS 12, it was known for a period of thirty-six years as Williamsport Academy. In 1848 a group of men 15 of Williamsport, under the leadership of Reverend Benjamin H. Crever, hearing that the Academy was about to be discontinued, proposed to accept the school and conduct it as a Methodist educa- tional institution. Their offer was accepted, and completely reor- ganized with a new president and faculty, it opened September, 1848, as Dickinson Seminary, under the patronage of the old Balti- more Conference. It was acquired in 1869 and is still owned by the Preachers' Aid Society of the Central Pennsylvania Conference of the Methodist Church, and is regularly chartered under the laws of the state of Pennsylvania. It is not a money-making institution. All of its earnings as well as the generous gifts of its friends have been spent for maintenance and improvements. During a large part of its history, its curriculum covered the work now included in a high school course and at the same time included about two years of college work. By its original charter it was empowered to grant degrees, which authority was for a time exercised. In 1912 it began to confine itself to the college preparatory field and continued in that field until 1929. From that date until June, 1947, it oper- ated as a preparatory school and junior college. The increased college attendance following the war, and trends in higher education in recent years clearly indicated a need for more four year colleges. After giving the matter careful consideration, the Board of Direc- tors, at a special meeting January, 1947, authorized and set in motion plans to adopt a four year college program. In 1948, after approval of the Pennsylvania Department of Education, the charter was amended to include the power to grant Baccalaureate Degrees. Also the name of the institution was officially changed to Lycoming College. Lycoming is an Indian name closely associated with this region from early colonial days. The college preparatory depart- ment was discontinued June, 1948, and this catalogue contains announcements of all four years of work on the college level. AIM It is the aim of Lycoming College to provide to qualified stu- dents education of such a nature as to supply the background for a more intelligent understanding and appreciation of the economic, political, historical, social, scientific, esthetic and religious aspects of life. In addition to the broad, general education, courses pre- 16 Men's Dormitory paratory to specialization in law, medicine, dentistry, engineering, and business, or courses preparatory to graduate work in some field of concentration are offered. Terminal education is available in Art, Laboratory Technology, Medical Secretarial, Music, and Sec- retarial Science. BUILDINGS OLD MAIN. The Main Building is an imposing structure of brick occupying the central part of the campus. In this building are administrative and faculty offices, class rooms, men's day room, lounge, and dormitories for men. There are hardwood floors through- out. BRADLEY HALL. Bradley Hall, a four story building, is con- structed of red brick, and contains the Dramatic Studio, the Lundy Radio Broadcasting Studio, the Gray Memorial Library, and one floor of men's dormitories. RICH HALL. Dedicated October 15, 1948, Lycoming's modern, brick, women's dormitory is of Georgian Colonial style and fireproof in construction. This beautiful building houses 120 young women. Each suite of two rooms has private bath facilities which are shared by four students. Lounges are conveniently located for entertain- ing guests and for small student meetings. Also located in the building are the Infirmary and nurses' quarters, game rooms, and the women's day room. The building has been completely furnished with new and attractive furnishings. EVELAND HALL. Eveland Hall is also of red pressed brick, and is a modern fire-proof building. The basement houses the heating plant. A modern chemistry laboratory and class rooms occupy the first floor. The second and third floors contain dormi- tories. THE GYMNASIUM. Lycoming is fortunate in having a splendid modern gymnasium, which is a popular center of activities. The building is 110 feet by 88 feet, beautifully designed and of semi- fireproof construction. The basement includes a modern swimming pool 20 by 60 feet, equipped with a sterilization and filtration plant. The pool is con- 17 structed of tile and is amply lighted, with windows of glass blocks, making a sunlit pool at nearly all hours of the day. There are also two bowling alleys of latest design, and separate rooms and showers for both home and visiting teams. Provision is made for private dressing rooms and shower rooms for women. The gymnasium floor proper is 90 by 65 feet with a stage at the easterly end. The main floor can readily be converted into an auditorium suitable for recitals and even more pretentious produc- tions. ATHLETIC FIELD. Built partially on the site of the old athletic field, the new field runs north and south, beginning directly behind the gymnasium and dining hall, and extending to the terrace just off Washington Boulevard on the north. Ample room is pro- vided for tennis courts and football field, with facilities for softball and other intramural sports. New bleachers have been erected which accommodate 1,000 people. They have wooden seats on a steel and concrete founda- tion, with an attractive brick wall at the rear, surmounted with a wrought iron fence. Evergreens, rose of Sharon, and spiraea line the inside of the fence. CLARKE MEMORIAL. This building was made possible by the bequest of Miss Martha B. Clarke, of the class of 1862, as a memorial to her brothers and herself. It is designed in colonial style, is of fireproof construction, and houses the chapel and the dining hall. The chapel which seats six hundred, has excellent acoustics, provides facilities for devotional services, assemblies, dramatics, concerts, and lectures. The dining hall, on the first floor, is arranged with separate entrances and with coat rooms and wash rooms for men and women. It opens on a terrace overlooking the campus and athletic field. Effort has been made to produce a comfortable, home-like room. Either table service or cafeteria service is possible. The erection of this building fits into the plan of an attractive quadrangle. On the north the open campus extends to Washington Boulevard. 18 FINE ARTS. The Fine Arts building is located at the northern end of the campus. Three large studios and several smaller prac- tice rooms on the first floor are occupied by the Music Department. The Art Department is located on the second floor and has the advantage of northern lighting. There also are private studios and conference rooms for members of the faculty. The building is well equipped and attractively furnished throughout. THE PRESIDENT'S HOME. The architectural style of the President's Home harmonizes with the Fine Arts building and with it forms an imposing unit at the northwest corner of the campus. MEMORIAL HALL. Memorial Hall was dedicated on Novem- ber 1, 1947. It is a three-story building and has floor space of 8,000 square feet. It contains class rooms, departmental offices, and the biology and physics laboratories. This building, erected through the cooperation of the college and the Federal Works Agency, is attractively faced with red brick. THE ANNEX. To the south of Bradley Hall another class room building has been erected by the Federal Works Agency. Depart- mental offices are also located here. LIBRARY FACILITIES THE DR. E. J. GRAY MEMORIAL LIBRARY. The college library, located in Bradley Hall, is spacious, well-lighted, and ar- ranged for research and reflective reading. There are now more than 16,000 volumes, and this number is rapidly being augmented. A very excellent list of reference works has been provided. In order to stimulate the interest of the students in books not directly related to their special interests, a group of books for general read- ing has been added. Currently the library subscribes for two hundred and fifty-eight periodicals, covering all subject fields offered by the college, and ten newspapers, including three foreign language papers. Seven periodical indexing and bibliographical services are regularly re- ceived. A full-time professionally trained librarian and three assistant librarians are in charge of the library. Student assistants are employed as needed. This staff is available to help in locating reference material and in preparing bibliographies. In addition to the usual reading material, the library has a 19 collection of recordings for the use of various departments and the student body. Included are not only musical records, but also a number of literary or historical records and albums. Special periods are set aside for those who are interested to listen to re- corded programs in the library. THE JAMES V. BROWN LIBRARY. This library is located within two squares of the college campus, and is one of the finest Public Libraries in the state. Its books are carefully distributed over the several fields of Literature, Religion, Economics, Sociology, Natural Sciences, and other liberal arts subjects. Through a co- operative arrangement, its professionally trained staff, ample read- ing and reference rooms, and large collection of literature are freely available to Lycoming students. AUDIO-VISUAL SERVICES Audio-visual aids in instruction are relatively new, but the idea is growing more important. Progressive educational institutions are not ignoring the potentialities of visual and auditory methods, and with this in view, Lycoming is promoting an active program to incorporate audio-visual devices for more purposeful and effective instruction. Special audio-visual equipment available includes a sound, 16 mm., moving-picture projector, one two-by-two slide pro- jector, one combination two-by-two slide and 35 mm. filmstrip pro- jector, three combination radio and record machines, a wire re- corder, two public address systems, and a micro-film reader. Through the generosity of the Lundy Construction Company, a Radio Studio has been installed on the ground floor of the library where students may be trained in radio speech, announcing, and script writing. The equipment is linked up with the local radio station, WRAK, an NBC affiliate. Student programs are broadcast regularly. The college studio is known as the Lundy Broadcast- ing Studio. The Gray Library is building a collection of films, filmstrips, and records, which will be used in connection with classes, special groups on the campus, and for the pleasure and relaxation of stu- dents. A special room is equipped to carry on the audio-visual program and periods are designated for all groups and classes who desire to participate. 20 FINANCIAL INFORMATION GENERAL EXPENSES Following are the rates covering home, tuition, and special fees. Home includes furnished room and board at the college dining hall. Full tuition is charged for any normal schedule of from 12 to 15 hours of class or laboratory instruction per semester. All non- veterans are required to take Physical Education, for which one credit hour per semester is granted without additional cost. Vet- erans, upon presenting evidence of completion of basic training, are excused from Physical Education and granted one credit hour per semester without extra cost. Additional credit beyond the normal schedule is charged at the rate of $12.50 for each semester hour credit. Partial students (those taking fewer than 12 hours of work per semester, or fewer than 6 hours of work per semester in the summer session) are charged $15.00 per credit hour. Individual instruction in music, art, etc., is charged on the basis of instruction in the department. Music and art, chosen as electives, are charged in accordance with the respective departmental fees. A Registration Fee of $10.00, which does not apply to the main bill, must accompany every application for admission. The fee is refunded if the candidate is not accepted for admission. Returning students do not pay this fee. Each student engaging a room must pay a Room Deposit Fee of $25.00 (to accompany application) and must agree to pay the rent of the room and to occupy the room in person through the entire college term. The full deposit is forfeited if the student is accepted and fails for any reason to occupy the room. This fee is applicable to the main bill. Other fees are assessed as they apply for both regular and summer sessions. The College reserves the right to revise the schedule of charges as circumstances may necessitate. 21 EXPENSES IN DETAIL Tuition — yearly* (Normal Schedule) $350.00 Tuition — summer session, per 5 week semester 70.00 Board and Furnished Room — Women 550.00 Board and Furnished Room — Men 518.00 Registration Fee** — Payable with Application for Admission (Does not apply to main bill) 10.00 Room Deposit Fee*** — Payable with Application for Room Reser- vation (Applicable to main bill) 25.00 * The yearly tuition for Music Majors is $450. This includes required lessons in applied music (voice, piano, organ, violin), as well as academic and theoretical requirements and electives. ** Not refundable if accepted for admission. *** Not refundable unless notice is received 60 days before Registration Day. ACTIVITIES FEE In support of student activities, including athletics, health, student publications, student organizations, lectures, entertainment, and the Greater Lycoming Banquet, and for use of the library and gymnasium, a fee is charged as follows for the term: Boarding Students $ 25.00 Day Students 20.00 Payable — Registration Day, first semester. Boarding Students 15.00 Day Students 10.00 Payable — Registration Day, second semester. Students in each group 10.00 SPECIAL FEES (Applies regular and summer session) Laboratory Fees Per Semester: Biology, Chemistry, Physics (General) $ 7.50 Biology, Chemistry, Physics (Advanced) 10.00 Office Practice Fee (Secretarial) 5.00 Office Machines Laboratory Fee 10.00 Public Speaking Laboratory Fee 2.00 Radio Speech Laboratory Fee 2.00 Fine Arts Laboratory Fee 2.00 Late Registration Fee 5.00 Additional Credit Per Semester Hour 12.50 Key Deposit (For each key required) 50 Tray Fee (For meals served in rooms) per tray .20 Damage Deposits* (unusued portion returned) 10.00 Diplomas — For A.B. or B.S. degree 10.00 Certificate 5.00 Caps and Gowns (Rental at prevailing cost) * A damage deposit of $10.00 is required of all boarding students. General damage to dormitory property will be charged against this fund. The remainder will be returned to the student at the end of the school year. Wherever possible damage will be charged directly to the person responsible for causing it. Damage and breakage in the room will be the responsibility of the students assigned there. 22 ART Tuition per Semester Full Art Courses: 24 Class periods in Art per week and one academic subject $175.00 30 Class periods in Art per week, no academic subject 175.00 Part-Time Art Course: 18 Class periods in Art per week $110.00 12 Class periods in Art per week 80.00 6 Class periods in Art per week 40.00 MUSIC Schedule of Individual Instruction in Applied Music for Non-Music Majors Tuition per Semester Organ, Piano, Violin, Voice (two lessons per week) $ 80.00 Organ, Piano, Violin, Voice (one lesson per week) 40.00 Organ for Practice (one period per day) 10.00 Piano for Practice (one period per day) 5.00 Note: All lessons in practical music are one-half hour in duration. Semester charges are payable in advance upon Registration, as in other departments. PAYMENTS The college is unable to extend credit. It is essential, therefore, that all students have sufficient money on hand when they enter to defray their immediate expenses. Payments follow the schedule listed under terms of payment. All dis- counts, scholarships, and allowances will be credited at the second payment period when the balance of the semester bill is due. Money earned from college jobs will be credited at mid-semester and the end of the semester. A fee of $5.00 is required of those who fail to register during the regular registration period. Students who wish to register on partial pay- ment of the tuition fee must obtain permission in advance to do so from the president. A carrying charge of $5.00 is made to students who do not make the entire payment at the time of registration. Any student failing to make payment within the required time suffers the loss of college privi- leges and notice of his delinquency is sent to his parents or guardians. The tuition fee charged to students who leave college on account of serious illness is fixed on the following schedule: Students leaving during the first four weeks are charged 30%; during the second four weeks, 60%; during the third four weeks, 90%; after twelve weeks, full charge. The adjustment is determined by the date upon which formal notice of with- drawal is sent to the Dean and by the presentation of a doctor's certificate. 23 No remission of tuition fees is made to students who withdraw for any reason other than serious illness or unavoidable providence, nor to students asked to leave school. Board will be pro-rated by the week over the period of attendance. No deduction is made for absence except in prolonged and serious illness or other unavoidable providence, when the price of board (not tuition, room, etc.) is refunded. No deduction is made for the first two weeks or the last three weeks of the year or term. Other fees cannot be refunded for any reason whatever. Students are subject to suspension if bills are not paid within ten days of the dates mentioned unless ample security is furnished. In order to graduate and to receive a degree, diploma, or certificate, or to have a transcript sent, a student must have paid all his bills, in cash or its equivalent — not in notes. Veterans, both new and returning, are expected to pay for room and board as outlined in terms of payment. All students, except Veterans under the G. I. Bill, will pay cash for books and supplies purchased at the college bookstore. The bookstore will be open on Registration Day, and daily thereafter. For extra service, such as meals served in rooms, private instruction outside of classroom, etc., an extra charge is made to both students and faculty. Teachers and students remaining at Lycoming College during the short vacations will be charged in accordance with prevailing rates, the daily rates applying to each day or part of a day. Parents or guardians visiting students are the guests of the college for the first twenty-four hours. Other guests may be entertained if permission is secured in advance from the President. Their student hosts are expected to pay the regular rates for their entertainment. In all instances, students must notify the Business Office of guests in advance, whether parents or other friends are visiting, and payment can be made at that time. TERMS OF PAYMENT All remittances should be made to Lycoming College as follows (effec- tive June, 1950): Boarding Veteran Day Student Boarding Student Student With Application-Registration Fee $10.00 $10.00 $10.00 (Paid by New Students Only) Room Deposit Fee 25.00 25.00 24 - 1949 - Second Semester 1949-1950 Veteran Boarding Boarding Day Student Student Student On Registration Day — February 325.00 140.00 185.00 April — Balance of Term Bills and Extras Note: New Students in February 1950 will pay the $10.00 Damage Fee in addition. Summer Session 1950 On Registration Day — June 156.00 81.00 70.00 Beginning Second Semester — July 156.00 81.00 70.00 First Semester 1950-1951 On Registration Day — September 315.00 125.00 185.00 November — Balance of Term Bills and Extras - 1951 - Second Semester 1950-1951 On Registration Day — February 325.00 140.00 185.00 April — Balance of Term Bills and Extras Note: New Students in February 1951 will pay the $10.00 Damage Fee in addition. DISCOUNTS Special discounts are allowed for tuition, board and room for the fol- lowing: (1) Two students from the same family at the same time. (2) Children of ministers. (3) Student preparing for the ministry or missionary work Not more than one discount will be allowed to any student. The college reserves the right to withdraw any discount from a student whose work or behavior is unsatisfactory. No discount is allowed on Music and Art, whether taken as extra sub- jects in connection with a regular course or whether the student is major- ing in one of these subjects. 25 LOANS A limited number of worthy students, members of the Methodist Church, may secure loans from the Student Loan Fund administered by the Board of Education of that Church. Christian character, satisfactory scholarship, promise of usefulness, financial responsibility, and the recom- mendation of the church to which the applicant belongs are essential to a loan. Each borrower must sign an interest-bearing promissory note. There are also loan funds in the Philadelphia and the Central Pennsyl- vania Conferences of the Methodist Church for students from these con- ferences on practically the same terms as above. The income from $10,000.00, from the Mr. and Mrs. Robert F. Rich Loan and Prize Fund, is available to a limited number of students. Each borrower must sign an interest-bearing promissory note. The recipients are selected by the President. Detailed information may be secured from the President. SELF-HELP There are opportunities in the college for self-help for a number of women students. Also some men students are able to earn part of their expenses in various ways at the college, and there are frequent opportuni- ties for student work in the city. ENDOWMENT SCHOLARSHIPS The Margaret A. Stevenson Powell Scholarship, the gift of her children. Endowment, $1,200. The Pearl C. Detwiler Scholarship, bequeathed by her to the Endow- ment Fund, $500. The Frank Wilson Klepser Memorial Scholarship, given by his parents Endowment, $5,000. The Benjamin C. Bowman Scholarship, the gift of Mr. and Mrs. J. Walton Bowman. Endowment, $5,000. The Mr. and Mrs. A. F. Young Scholarship. Endowment, $10,000. The Miriam P. Welch Scholarship. Endowment, $500. The Wilson Hendrix Reiley Memorial Scholarship. Endowment, $500. The Mrs. Margaret J. Freeman Scholarship. Endowment, $1,000. The Agnes L. Hermance Art Scholarship. Endowment, $2,000. The Grace Stanley Dice Memorial Scholarship, the gift of Willis C. Dice, husband. Endowment, $1,000. The Clarke Memorial Fund of about $100,000, provided by gift and bequest by the late Miss Martha B. Clarke, of Williamsport, Pa., a former student, in the interest of the development program of Lycoming College. This was applied to the erection of the Clarke Building. 26 SCHOLARSHIPS Over two thousand dollars are awarded annually in scholarships and prizes. This not only encourages scholastic attainment, but also affords generous help to needy, worthy students. The list of scholarships and prizes follows, together with the awards in each case made at Commencement, 1949. THE DeWITT BODINE SCHOLARSHIP, founded by the late DeWitt Bodine, of Hughesville, Pa. The entire expenses of board and tuition to that pupil of the graduat- ing class of the Hughesville High School who shall excel in scholarship and character. Betty Jane Rookee Hughesville, Pa. THE EDWARD J. GRAY SCHOLARSHIP, founded by the late Rev. Dr. Edward J. Gray, for thirty-one years the honored President of this insti- tution. The interest on $1,000 to be paid annually, in equal amounts to the two applicants who attain a required rank highest in scholarship and deport- ment in the Senior Class. Annette Piche' Williamsport, Pa. Anna Netta Livingston Williamsport, Pa. THE ALEXANDER E. PATTON SCHOLARSHIP, founded by the late Hon. Alexander E. Patton, Curwensville, Pa. The interest on $1,000 to be paid annually, in equal amounts, to the two applicants who attain a required rank highest in scholarship and deport- ment in the Junior Class. H. Ivan Dunkxe Williamsport, Pa. Jeannette Confee Williamsport, Pa. THE GEORGE W. HUNTLEY, JR., SCHOLARSHIP, founded by the late George W. Huntley, Jr., Emporium, Pa. The interest on that portion of the bequest of $10,000 which is available to the college (estate not settled) to help defray the tuition and expenses for the first year only of any graduate of Emporium High School who meets provisions as set forth in the trust agreement. The selection is made by the Superintendent of Schools, Cameron Co., Pa. Jeannine Fulton Emporium, Pa. 27 THE ELIZABETH S. JACKSON SCHOLARSHIP, founded by the late Mrs. Elizabeth S. Jackson, of Berwick, Pa. The interest on $500 to be paid annually to the applicant who attains a required rank highest in scholarship and deportment in the Sophomore Class. Joan O'Brien- Williamsport, Pa. THE DONALD C. WOLFE SCHOLARSHIP, founded by the late Mrs. Nora E. Wolfe, of Williamsport, Pa. The interest on $4,000.00 to be paid annually to a worthy ministerial student to be selected by the trustees of Lycoming College. Richard Hinkelman Williamsport, Pa. THE WILLIAM WOODCOCK SCHOLARSHIP, founded by William L. Woodcock, Esq., of Altoona, Pa. The interest on $500 to be paid annually to the applicant who attains a required rank second in scholarship and deportment in the Sophomore Class. Doris Haight Baltimore, Md. THE HIRAM AND ELIZABETH WISE SCHOLARSHIP, founded by Hiram Wise, Montoursville, Pa. The interest on $500.00 to be paid annually to that ministerial or mis- sionary student who because of present circumstances and promise of future usefulness shall, in the judgment of the President, be deemed worthy of the same. Mahlon Hurlbert Verona, Pa. THE MRS. JENNIE N. RICH SCHOLARSHIP of $5,000, the gift of her son, John Woods Rich, the interest on which is to be used in aiding worthy and needy students preparing for the Christian ministry or for deaconess or missionary work. Doloris Good Harrisburg, Pa. Burtt Sweet Rome, Pa. Thomas Anderman Chester, Pa. THE McDOWELL SCHOLARSHIP, founded by Mr. and Mrs. James E. McDowell, of Williamsport, Pa. The interest on $500 to be awarded annually by the President and Faculty to that ministerial student of the graduating class who shall excel in scholarship, deportment, and promise of usefulness, and who declares his intention to make the ministry his life work. Bruce Smay Morris, Pa. 28 THE DAVID GROVE AND WIFE SCHOLARSHIP, founded by the late David Grove, of Lewistown, Pa. The interest on $2,040 to be given to worthy, needy students studying for the ministry, the holder or holders thereof to be appointed by the said Lycoming College. Robert Treese Williamsport, Pa. THE MARY STRONG CLEMENS SCHOLARSHIP FUND of $2,500 donated by the late Chaplain Joseph Clemens, of Manila, P. I. The interest to be used as scholarship, or scholarship loan aid, for the benefit of a student or students of Lycoming College who are preparing for the Christian ministry, or for deaconess work, or its equivalent, in the Methodist Church. Beneficiaries may be named by Mrs. Mary Strong Clemens, or in the absence of such recommendation the recipient or recip- ients shall be named by the President of the school. Not awarded. THE BERYL CLINE GLENN SCHOLARSHIP. The interest on $1,000.00 to be paid annually to a worthy student in the Music Department. The selection is made by the President and Faculty. Not awarded. THE BISHOP WILLIAM PERRY EVELAND MEMORIAL SCHOL- ARSHIP, founded by the Alumni of Lycoming College who were students during the administration of Bishop William Perry Eveland and in his honor. The interest on $1,050 to be paid annually to a needy, worthy student or students who shall make the most satisfactory progress in scholarship and give promise of future usefulness and who by loyalty, school spirit, and participation in school activities is considered by the President and Faculty to most fully represent the standards and ideals of Lycoming College. Paul John Mt. Carmel, Pa. THE AMOS JOHNSON SCHOLARSHIP, founded by the late Rev. Amos Johnson, of Philadelphia, Pa. $500 to be held and invested by Lycoming College and the income aris- ing therefrom to be used for the education of ministerial students of limit- ed means. Lynn Brooks Pleasant Gap, Pa. 29 THE BENJAMIN C. CONNER SCHOLARSHIP, the interest on $500 given by Alumni of the college to be awarded to that student securing the highest grade in Junior Mathematics. Recipient must be a full Junior and must not be repeating Junior Mathematics. H. Ivan Dunkle Williamsport, Pa. THE RICH MEMORIAL SCHOLARSHIP FUND of $5,000, provided in the will of the late Hon. N. B. Rich, the interest of which is to be awarded annually to worthy young men or women who intend to devote their lives to the preaching of the Gospel, the missionary cause, or the work of a dea- coness. The beneficiary shall be named by the Faculty with the approval of the Board of Trustees. Louis Bell Williamsport, Pa. Reginald Wheatley Rock Hall, Md. Lynn Brooks Pleasant Gap, Pa. Dolohis Good Harrisburg, Pa. Feed Hickok Montrose, Pa. THE C. LUTHER CULLER SCHOLARSHIP, the interest from an en- dowment of $5,000 provided in the will of C. Luther Culler, of Williamsport, a graduate of Lycoming College in the Class of 1876. Awarded on schol- arship. Helen Teoisi Williamsport, Pa. THE CLARA KRAMER EATON MEMORIAL SCHOLARSHIP, founded by the late Clara Kramer Eaton, of Trevorton, Pa. The interest on $8,000 to be awarded annually to that student in the graduating class at Trevorton High School attaining the highest average in scholarship, for the purpose of defraying the expenses of a year of instruc- tion at Lycoming College. Not awarded. THE ELISHA BENSON KLINE SCHOLARSHIP PRIZE IN MATH- EMATICS, founded by I. Clinton Kline, Sunbury, Pa., in honor of his elder brother who graduated from the college in 1868. The interest on $1,000.00 to be paid to a student or students at the discretion of the President of Lycoming College. Not awarded 1949. 30 PRIZES THE RICH PRIZE, of $25.00 given in honor of the late Hon. and Mrs. M. B. Rich, of Woolrich, Pa., to the student in the Freshman Class who shall attain a required rank highest in scholarship and deportment. Harvey Hartman Williamsport, Pa. THE METZLER PRIZE of $10.00 for superior work in Junior English, given by the late Rev. Oliver Sterling Metzler, of the Central Pennsylvania Conference. Dorothy Cohick Williamsport, Pa. THE RICH PRIZES of $10.00 and $5.00 each, given in honor of the late Hon. and Mrs. M. B. Rich, of Woolrich, Pa., to be awarded to the two students who at a public contest shall excel in reading the Scriptures. Shirley Williams Williamsport, Pa. Reginald Wheatley Rock Hall, Md. THE RICH PRIZES of $15.00 and $10.00 each, given in honor of the late Hon. and Mrs. M. B. Rich, of Woolrich, Pa., to be awarded to the two students who shall excel in writing and delivering an original oration. Not awarded 1949. THE ART DIGEST PRIZE, given by the Head of the Art Department, a year's subscription to "The Art Digest" to that student who has shown the most improvement. Joseph Cioffi Williamsport, Pa. THE C. B. RIDALL PRIZE of $10.00 given by P. L. Ridall, B.S., M.D., of Williamsport, Pa., of the Class of 1923, in memory of his father and mother, the late Mr. and Mrs. C. B. Ridall, of Berwick, Pa., to be awarded to that student or students who shall be judged to have done the best work in Bible during the year. Winifred Taber Smay Morris, Pa. THE BETA PSI SORORITY PRIZE. A gift of $5.00 to be awarded to that student who by the charm of her personality and self-sacrificing spirit has made a most outstanding personal contribution to Lycoming. Elinor Davies Auburn, N. Y. THE FACULTY PRIZE, awarded to that day student whose scholastic record has been satisfactory and who, in the opinion of the faculty, has been outstanding in the promotion of school spirit through participation in school activities. Albert Mortimer Williamsport, Pa. THE 1930 DART PRIZE, the interest on $300.00 to be given to that stu- dent or students in the Art Department according to the recommendation of the Head of the Art Department. George Houtz Williamsport, Pa. 31 The Gymnasium 12 STUDENT LIFE PROVISION FOR FRESHMEN The college recognizes the need for giving the freshmen assist- ance in making desirable adjustments to the college situation. A special program has been prepared for the orientation of freshmen. All freshmen are required to come to the college one week in advance of the upper-classmen. During this time various tests are given which will aid the college staff in advising the student in his choice of courses. During this period problems of freshmen adjustment are discussed and directions for study, the use of the library, and other instructional aids are given. Provision is also made for recreation and a wholesome social life. RELIGIOUS TRADITION Lycoming College is a Methodist educational institution. How- ever, it is non-sectarian. A check of the Board »of Directors, the faculty, and the student body indicates membership in fifteen dif- ferent denominations including Protestant, Catholic, and Jewish. Traditionally, the college attempts to help students of all faiths find the place of religion in their life. Students attend Sunday morning services at churches in the city. Each student is encouraged to be loyal to the church of his choice. The college aims to stress the development and practice of a Christian philosophy of life. Courses in Religion (optional with non-Protestants) include a systematic study of the Bible, Compara- tive Religions, and other pertinent fields. Religious emphasis week brings to the college campus outstanding religious leaders. Many of the chapel and assembly programs are religious in nature. The Student Christian Association, membership open to all undergradu- ates on the campus, meets weekly at Rich Hall. Speakers include 33 many prominent civic leaders, faculty members, and national fig- ures. This group sponsors many and varied activities which aim to promote fellowship and spiritual life among the faculty and students. The John Wesley Club is composed of students preparing for the ministry or other forms of religious work. Through regular meetings and deputation teams, they gain valuable training and ex- perience in religious work. Through the generosity of the late Honorable M. B. Rich, for eighteen years President of the Board of Directors, a Department of Religion has been established at the College. The head of this department is also the college chaplain. He gives a large portion of his time to promoting a helpful religious atmosphere at the insti- tution and in aiding students to solve successfully personal problems which arise while they are on the campus. CULTURAL INFLUENCES Lycoming aims to develop in its students an easy familiarity with the best social forms and customs. Young men and women meet in the dining hall, at receptions and other social functions. These contacts, together with frequent talks by instructors, do much to develop poise and social ease. Persons of prominence are brought to the school for talks and lectures, and excellent talent is provided by community organizations which bring outstanding artists to the city. STUDENT GOVERNMENT The college aims to develop in each student a sense of loyalty and responsibility to good citizenship. To this end there is estab- lished a Student Government representing the entire student body with the purpose of promoting the general welfare of the college and to provide a more perfect understanding between students and administration. Certain phases of dormitory life are supervised and regulated by a student dormitory government. In this way students are pro- vided the experience of sharing the responsibilities which are the 34 outgrowth of living closely with each other. The Dean of Women and the Dean of Men exercise an over-all supervisory influence on dormitory life. It is understood that students entering Lycoming do so with the intention of making an honest effort to do satisfactory work in every respect. When a student is not able to conform to the school pro- gram, the parents or guardians are asked to withdraw the student from the school. STUDENT ACTIVITIES CAMPUS GROUPS. In addition to the John Wesley Club, Stu- dent Christian Association, and the Student Government there are many and varied organizations on the campus which provide stu- dents with an interesting and wholesome social life. These are organized and conducted by the students in cooperation with the faculty. Some of these are as follows: The International Rela- tions Club, which is the campus focus for discussion of world affairs ; The French Club, The Spanish Club, and The German Club, which supplement class work by aiding students to understand the folklore of the various peoples and to facilitate ease of conver- sation in the language ; The Camera Club, which provides students opportunity for developing a lifelong hobby; The Frill and Frown, which affords opportunity for those interested in acting and direct- ing plays ; The Ski Club, which brings together a group of enthus- iasts for winter sports ; The Psychology Club, which schedules lec- tures, discussions, and movies in the field; the Varsity Club, which is composed of lettermen, promotes college spirit in sports. COLLEGE PUBLICATIONS. There are three college publica- tions: "The Lycoming Courier" is the official student paper, de- voted to local interests of the student body, reporting current campus events. "The Arrow," the college year book, is published in June and presents a record of student life during the current academic year. The staffs of both publications are composed of students interested in gaining more knowledge and experience in some line of journalistic endeavor. The "Alumni Bulletin," issued six times a year, keeps the alumni posted on current happenings at the college and pertinent information on alumni activities. 35 MUSIC. The Music Department offers several organizations for students interested in music. A College Choir, Men's Glee Club, and Women's Glee Club are open to all students desiring to join. The Lycoming Singers, Women's Quartette, Men's Quartette, and an A Cappella Choir are formed of selected voices and represent the college at many events. A String Ensemble gives instrument players an opportunity to enjoy the fellowship of good music to- gether. In addition are the College Band and Symphony Orches- tra, which meet several times each week for practice and furnish the college with music for many entertainments, athletic events, and celebrations throughout the year. FRATERNITIES. Five Greek letter groups on the campus pro- vide a means of bringing to men students the advantages of a fra- ternal organization. The social life of the college is carefully planned by both administrative and student government to be help- ful to the individual student in his social world. RECREATION AND HEALTH INTERCOLLEGIATE SPORTS. The college offers an attrac- tive program of intercollegiate athletics. Varsity teams represent the college in competition with other four year institutions in such sports as football, basketball, baseball, swimming, and tennis. Lycoming is a member of the National Association of Intercol- legiate Basketball. RECREATION. An extensive program of intramural athletics affords opportunity for every student not a member of a varsity team to participate in one or more sports. These are run in con- nection with the required physical education program. Basic instruction in game techniques is given in physical education class and the intramural program affords opportunity for individual and team competition. Some of these sports are tennis, swimming, basketball, handball, badminton, bowling, volleyball, softball, and table tennis for both women and men ; rhythmical activities, field hockey and archery, for women; boxing, touch football, and water polo for men. 36 In addition to the athletic recreation program, various organiza- tions on the campus, the Lecture Series, the Record Session, motion pictures, and numerous social affairs, offer programs of interest. STUDENT INSURANCE. By a special group plan, our students are able to secure accident insurance covering medical and hospital expenses for injuries received on the campus. The limit of cov- erage for women is $500.00 and for men $250.00. All students are advised to carry this protection. PHYSICAL EXAMINATION. A physical examination of all students is required. This examination is conducted by the stu- dent's own physician and a report made on a standard form sup- plied by the college. This report is presented on Registration Day. In connection with the physical examination, all entering stu- dents must have a chest x-ray. If this cannot be arranged before entering, the Tuberculosis Society will take chest x-rays at a nomi- nal cost. The student bears the expense of the x-ray. INFIRMARY SERVICE. The infirmary fee, covered by the over-all activities fee, includes the following medical service: The college nurse holds infirmary hours each day, except Sunday, that the college dormitories are open. She is also available for first aid treatment and will call to the attention of the college physician any case demanding special treatment. Such service, however, shall not be interpreted to include x-rays, surgery of more than minor nature, care of major accidents on or off campus, immunization for colds, examination for glasses, doctors' calls, cases of serious chronic disorder, or other extraordinary situations. Each student is entitled to three days of infirmary service per school year, including routine nursing and ordinary medicines. There will be a charge of $2.00 per day for each additional day or fraction thereof beyond the allotted days. Special nursing service and special medicines and prescriptions will be at the expense of the student. Parents will be notified by the college when students are confined to the infirmary with serious illnesses. 37 RESIDENT STUDENT LIFE Living quarters are provided on the campus for 140 women and 215 men. Efforts are made each year to keep the dormitories in such repair that they constitute comfortable and attractive homes for the students. Rooms at Lycoming are furnished as follows: Desk, bureau, chair, single bed, mattress, and pillow are provided. Students must supply their own bed linen, blankets, and study lamps. The students will make their own arrangements for laundry ser- vice. A local laundry has a representative on campus for the con- venience of all boarding students. It is recommended that the student bring a minimum of six sheets (single bed), three pillow cases, and two double blankets. DISCIPLINE The discipline of the college is firm, reasonable, and sympa- thetic. All students are considered responsible citizens and mem- bers of a Christian community. Any student who is antagonistic to the spirit and general purpose, or who fails to abide by the regulations set up by the college, may be asked to withdraw from the college at any time during the school year. REGULATIONS The college regulations, in addition to those published here, are furnished each student upon matriculation. Announcements dur- ing the year by college authorities may amend or supplement the catalogue regulations and are to be adhered to as such. Students from a distance are required to reside in the dormi- tories. Permission for any exception to this rule must be obtained from the administration. Money and valuables should be placed in the school safe; other- wise the college will not assume responsibility. No intoxicants or drinking of intoxicants is permitted. Permission to maintain automobiles on the campus must be obtained from the administration. No firearms are permitted on the campus. 38 CURRICULUM INFORMATION APPLICATION PROCEDURE Complete application forms for admission to Lycoming may be obtained from the Director of Admissions. Included with these are directions for making applications. A registration fee of $10.00 is required with each application. This fee is refunded in case the application is rejected, and is returned to veterans of World War II entered under Public Law 346 or 16, at the time of the second payment period. Applicants who are accepted will receive a statement evaluating their high school credits and granting proper classification. Those rejected will be notified. REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION A candidate for admission must be of good moral character and show evidence of ability and preparation to pursue the program of his choice at Lycoming. The usual evidence of preparation is a certificate showing satisfactory completion of 15 units of high school work or its equivalent as follows : English History Math Science Elec. A.B. Degree 3 (4 yrs.) 1 1 Alg. 1 8 1 Geom. B.S. Degree 3 (4 yrs.) 1 1 Alg. 1 8 1 Geom. Med. Sec 3 (4 yrs.) 1 1 Alg. 1 8 1 Geom. Lab. Tech 3 (4 yrs.) 1 1 Alg. 1 8 1 Geom. Sec. Science 3 (4 yrs.) 10 11 Art 3 (4 yrs.) 10 11 *Music 3 (4 yrs.) 10 11 * A letter of recommendation from the applicant's private teacher and/or High School Music Supervisor should accompany the application. 39 Applicants ranking in the upper three-fifths of their high school class or presenting a certificate showing all grades of college cer- tificate value may be admitted without examination. Candidates for entrance who do not meet the above require- ments for admission may be accepted upon making a satisfactory score on an aptitude test. TERMINAL EDUCATION In addition to programs leading to the Baccalaureate Degree, Lycoming offers certain two-year terminal courses in Art, Labora- tory Technology, Music, Medical Secretarial, and Secretarial Sci- ence. Upon satisfactory completion of these courses a certificate is awarded at the graduation exercises. GUIDANCE An advantage of a small college is the rich experience gained by students and faculty knowing each other. In addition to this val- uable personal relationship, which affords students the opportunity to discuss various problems with their instructors, Lycoming is proud to announce that a well-rounded guidance program is avail- able to its students. Under the direction of the Dean of the college, this program includes areas as represented by the College Pastor, Dean of Men and Dean of Women, and the Guidance Director with his group of faculty advisers. The program begins prior to the student's entrance to a course of study with a personal interview between the Director of Admissions and the candidate for admis- sion. These interviews are sufficient in length to obtain a picture of the student, his background, and his plans for the future. When the student enters the college as a Freshman, he is given the oppor- tunity to take aptitude and psychological examinations. On the basis of preparatory or high school records, aptitude and psycho- logical examination scores, and various interviews, an evaluation of the student can be formed. Additional information is added to this as the student progresses through his college life. His welfare is the sole purpose of the 40 guidance program, which stands ready to help him make an intelli- gent decision regarding his vocational choice and solve important personal problems. PLACEMENT SERVICE A placement service for the students and alumni of the college was begun in September, 1948. The service is designed to aid the graduate in obtaining positions which make use of college training. The placement office has made many valuable contacts with employers throughout the United States. Locally, the service has been well accepted. The service is designed as the final step in the total college guidance program. The office acts as the intermediary between employer and graduate in all fields of college activity. PROVISION FOR VETERANS Lycoming is fully approved for the educational program for Veterans under Federal Public Laws 346 and 16. ADVANCED STANDING A student may be admitted to Lycoming with advanced standing provided he has earned satisfactory credit at an approved college. Application for advanced standing must be supported by an honor- able dismissal and an official transcript of the college previously attended. A student admitted with advance standing must satisfy graduation requirements to be awarded a degree. Some academic credit may be allowed for training courses and educational experiences in the armed services according to the general pattern recommended by A Guide to the Evaluation of Educational Experiences in the Armed Services, issued by the American Council on Education, provided such courses or experi- ences are appropriately related to a college of liberal arts. 41 CLASSIFICATION OF STUDENTS Freshman: See requirements for admission. Sophomore: Not fewer than 24 semester hours and 21 quality points. Junior: Not fewer than 54 semester hours and 48 quality points. Senior: Not fewer than 86 semester hours and 90 quality points, and a reasonable chance of completing all requirements for graduation. Unclassified: Students who do not wish to enter upon a regular course of study may pursue studies offered for which their previous training, in the opinion of the college, fits them. Only a limited number of unclassified students are accepted. Such students are not admitted to candidacy for a degree. GRADING SYSTEM A credit hour is defined as one hour of classroom work, or the equivalent, each week during a full term of sixteen weeks. Ordi- narily two hours of laboratory work are rated as one credit hour. The letter system of grading with the corresponding quality points is used. "A" indicates work of the highest excellence, show- ing a superior grasp of the content, as well as independent and creative thinking in the subject, and represents a numerical grade between 90 and 100. "B" signifies better than average achieve- ment wherein the student reveals insight and ability, and represents a numerical grade between 80 and 89. "C" is given for satisfactory achievement on the college level when work in the course has been conscientious and has shown no considerable deficiency in either quality or quantity, and represents a numerical grade between 70 and 79. "D" indicates that work in the course has met the mini- mum essentials, and represents a numerical grade of 60 to 69. "F" is failure, and represents numerical grades below 60. Work in the course must be repeated satisfactorily before any credit can be obtained. Scholastic rank is determined on the quality point system where "A" counts 3 quality points per credit hour, "B" counts 2 points per hour, "C" counts 1 point per hour, "D" carries no point value, and "F" counts — 1 point per hour. 42 NORMAL STUDENT LOAD The normal load per semester for students is from twelve to fifteen hours of academic work, one hour of physical education, and one-half hour of assembly and chapel. OVER LOAD Students who wish to carry in excess of the normal load are charged $12.50 per credit hour. A schedule of more than seventeen hours of academic work may be taken if the student has an average of 2.0 for all previous work and obtains written permission from the Dean of the College. PROBATION Students whose grade-point average falls between .00 and .5 are placed on probation. Students on probation must maintain an average of 1.0 in fifteen hours with fifteen quality points for a semester, to be removed from probation. DISMISSAL Freshmen who fail to maintain an average of at least .00 the first semester will be asked to withdraw from the college. The college also reserves the right to deny admission to any applicant or to dismiss any student at any time if the administration considers such action to be for the best interests of the student or the college. Students dismissed for academic reasons may request reinstatement after one semester. ATTENDANCE The program at Lycoming is built on the assumption that there is value in class and assembly and chapel attendance for all stu- dents. Therefore, all students are expected to attend all classes and assembly and chapel exercises. Specific regulations as to permissible absences and penalties for excessive absences are announced from time to time. Responsi- bility for learning and complying with these regulations rests with the student. 43 GRADUATION The college offers courses of study leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science. For either degree the minimum requirement is the completion of 120 academic hours plus one hour credit of physical education and one half hour credit of assembly and chapel for each fall and spring semester that the candidate is in attendance at Lycoming College. In addition the candidate must possess at least 120 academic quality points (physi- cal education and assembly and chapel carry no quality points) on the basis of: A — 3 points per credit hour; B — 2 points per credit hour; C — 1 point per credit hour; D — points per credit hour. The work of the final year is to be taken at this college. BACHELOR OF ARTS. A candidate for this degree selects graduation requirements from the three general divisions as follows : Division I: Humanities English Composition 6 hours Literature 6 hours Foreign Lauguage 6 or 12 hours Philosophy and Religion 6 hours Appreciation of Art 3 hours Appreciation of Music 3 hours Chapel and Assembly hours* Division II: Social Studies European History 6 hours American History 6 hours Psychology 3 hours Political Science 3 hours Division III: Sciences Physical Sciences and 3 hours Biological Sciences, or 3 hours A Laboratory Science 8 hours Physical Education hours* * One hour credit of physical education and one half hour credit of assembly and chapel for each fall and spring semester that the candidate is in atten- dance at Lycoming College. The candidate for the Bachelor of Arts degree chooses a major of at least 24 credit hours from one of the following fields: Biology, Chemistry, English, History, Language, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies. (Fields of concentration in Social Studies may be selected in Economics, History, Sociology, Political Science, and Psychology.) 44 a. The major in Science consists of (1) first level courses in Chemistry (101-102), Mathematics (101-102), and Physics (101- 102), and (2) two years beyond the first level courses in either Mathematics or Physics. b. The major in Social Studies consists of (1) 18 hours in one field of concentration (beyond the 100 level in the case of History), and (2) 18 hours in at least three of the related Social Science fields. BACHELOR OF SCIENCE. A candidate for this degree selects graduation requirements from four divisions as follows: Division I: Humanities English Composition 6 hours Literature 6 hours Philosophy and Religion 6 hours Appreciation of Art 3 hours Appreciation of Music 3 hours Chapel and Assembly hours* Division II: Social Studies European or American History 6 hours Psychology 3 hours Political Science 6 hours Sociology 3 hours Division III: Sciences Physical Science and Biological Science 6 hours Physical Education hours* Division IV: Business Administration and Economics Accounting Principles 6 hours Principles of Business 3 hours American Economic History 3 hours Business Mathematics and Statistics 6 hours Business Law 8 hours Economic Principles and Problems 6 hours Economic Geography 6 hours * One hour credit of physical education and one half hour credit of assembly and chapel for each fall and spring semester that the candidate is in atten- dance at Lycoming College. The candidate for the Bachelor of Science degree may select a major of at least 24- hours from one of the following fields: Ac- counting, Banking and Finance, Economics, Executive Secretarial, Retail Distribution, or General Business Administration. 45 SPECIAL PROGRAMS FOR STUDY Lycoming is anxious to aid her students to prepare for living a normal, well-adjusted life, as well as to prepare them for a variety of careers. The growing belief in professional schools that the best preliminary training is a broad cultural education has added new emphasis to the type of program now offered by Lycoming. This program offers a general education, conceded as necessary to a well-rounded individual living in today's ever smaller world, and yet is equipped to add more specialized courses so that a student looking forward to a particular career may specialize in the field of his vocational interest. Choosing one's life work is an important and serious matter. In this selection, Lycoming, as a liberal arts college, plays an im- portant role. While some students enter college with a well-defined aim, many others are far from settled in their minds as to their own particular vocation. The first two years of a liberal arts course give the student glimpses into many fields and thus by the beginning of his third or Junior year, the student with this background and with the advice of the faculty, usually is well prepared to indicate his field of specialization. The following pages contain some of the programs offered at Lycoming. Others are available upon sufficient demand. It is recommended, therefore, that the student discuss his proposed plan with the Director of Admissions, or, if a returning student, with the Dean. SUGGESTED CURRICULUM FOR A.B. DEGREE FRESHMAN TEAR SOPHOMORE YEAR English 101-102 6 hours Literature 201-202 or History 101-102 6 hours 203-204 6 hours Religion 3 hours History 201-202 6 hours Psychology 101 3 hours Political Science 3 hours Physical Education 2 hours Physical Education 2 hours Electives 12 hours Electives 15 hours Total 32 hours Total 32 hours JUNIOR AND SENIOR YEARS Students select prescribed courses and electives to complete degree requirements as outlined in the previous section under GRADUATION. 47 BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION The Business Administration Course contains highly practical courses in the field of Business and Economics. In addition, the elements of a broad, cultural background valuable in preparation for positions of an administrative and executive nature, are retained. A suggested program is listed below: STANDARD CURRICULUM FOR THE B.S. DEGREE IN ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Freshman First Semester Hrs. English 101 3 Religion 102 or Psych. 101 3 Accounting 101 3 Prin. of Bus. 103 3 Bus. Math. 110 3 Phys. Ed. 1 16 Second Semester Hrs. English 102 3 Religion 102 or Psych. 101 3 Accounting 102 3 Am. Ec. History 104 3 Bus. Statistics 111 3 Phys. Ed 1 16 Sophomore English 201 or 203 3 Princ. of Econ. 201 3 Ec. Geography 301 3 History 3 Elective or Soc. 209 3 Phys. Ed 1 16 English 202 or 204 3 Econ. Problems 202 3 Ec. Geography 302 3 History 3 ♦Elective or Soc. 209 3 Phys. Ed. l 16 Junior Political Sc. 201 3 Science 101 3 Business Law 302 4 Electives 6 Phys. Ed 1 17 Political Sc. 202 3 Science 102 3 Business Law 303 4 Electives 6 Phys. Ed 1 17 Senior Philos. or Elective 3 Music Apprec. 301 3 Electives 9 Phys. Ed. 1 Philos. or Elective 3 Art Apprec. 301 3 Electives 9 Phys. Ed 1 16 Majors in Retail Distribution elect Speech 101. 48 16 Bradley Hall Entrance Edward James Gray Memorial Library Dramatics Majors will be granted in the fields of Accounting, Banking and Finance, Retail Distribution and Economics upon the completion of 24 hours in elective courses listed below. For those persons not desiring any particular major 24 hours must be elected in the field of Economics and/or Business Administration. 1. Majors in Accounting — 24 hours Sophomore year — elect Accounting 215 and 216. Junior year — elect Accounting 309, 309A and 310. Senior year — elect Accounting 409, 409A and 410. 2. Majors in Banking and Finance — 24 hours Sophomore year — elect Money and Banking 206 and 207. Junior year — elect Credits and Collections 304, Organization and Finance Management 307 and Real Estate 401. Senior year — elect Investment 308, Public Finance 405, and Bank Pol- icies and Administration 406. 3. Majors in Retail Distribution — 24 hours Junior year — elect Principles of Retailing I and II 341-342, Retail Advertising and Sales Promotion 345, Retail Salesmanship 346. Senior year — elect Retail Buying and Merchandising 441, Retail Per- sonnel Management 443, Retail Problems I and II 445-446. 4. Majors in Economics — 24 hours Junior year — elect Labor Problems 303, Labor Legislation 303A, Con- sumer Economics 304 and Transportation 402. Senior year — elect History of Economic Thought 403, Adv. Economics 404, Principle of Public Utilities 406, Public Finance 405. 5. Majors in Executive Secretarial Science — 24 hours Junior year — elect Business Correspondence 205, Advanced Shorthand 331-332, Advanced Typing 335-336. Senior year — elect Office Machines 223, Office Practice 421-422. PRE-DENTISTRY The American Council on Dental Education has fixed a minimum of two full years of college work as a requirement for entrance to dental schools. However, a four-year course is recommended and the trend to- ward this has been very rapid following World War II. A suggested pro- gram is listed below: FRESHMAN YEAR JJrS. SOPHOMORE YEAR HrS. English 101-102 6 Literature 201-202 or 203-204 6 Religion 102 3 Chemistry 202-203 8 Chemistry 101-102 10 Biology 101-102 8 Mathematics 6 History 201-202 6 Foreign Language 6 Foreign Language or Elective .... 6 Physical Education 2 Physical Education 2 Total 33 Total ...~36 JUNIOR YEAR HrS. SENIOR YEAR JJ rs . Chemistry 301-302 8 Physics 101-102 10 Biology 201-202 8 Appreciation of Art 301 3 Psychology 201 3 Philosophy 301 3 Appreciation of Music 301 3 Biology 301 4 Political Science 201 3 Economics 201 3 History 101-102 6 Electives 6 Physical Education 2 Physical Education 2 Total 33 Total "il 49 PRE-LAW Many law schools are at present requiring the Bachelor of Arts Degree for admission. Training in law is not only basic to the practice of law itself, but also makes possible many other forms of public service. A sug- gested program is listed below: FRESHMAN TEAH HrS. English 101-102 6 Science 101-102 6 History 101-102 6 Foreign Language 6 Speech 101 or Psychology 101 .... 3 Religion 102 3 Physical Education 2 Total 32 JUNIOR YEAR HlS. History 301-302 6 Economics 201-202 6 Sociology 201-202 6 Political Science 301-302 6 Appreciation of Music 301 3 Elective 3 Physical Education 2 Total 32 SOPHOMORE YEAR # rs . Literature 201-202 or 203-204 .... 6 History 201-202 6 Psychology 201 or Speech 101 .... 3 Philosophy 3 Foreign Language or Sociology 101-102 6 Political Science 201-202 6 Physical Education 2 Total 32 SENIOR YEAR HrS. History 6 Economics 3 Appreciation of Art 301 3 Political Science 303-304 6 Electives 12 Physical Education 2 Total 32 PRE-MEDICINE The modern physician or surgeon is no longer one who has studied merely medicine. He is a man with a broad cultural training, capable of treating more than physical ailments. Therefore, medical authorities are recommending a full four years of a liberal arts program, and requiring certain specific subjects in preparation for medical school. A suggested program is listed below: THE FOUR-YEAR COURSE FRESHMAN YEAR HrS. English 101-102 6 Religion 102 3 Chemistry 101-102 10 Mathematics 101-102 6 Foreign Language 6 Physical Education 2 Total 33 JUNIOR YEAR Hrs. Chemistry 301-302 8 Biology 201-202 6 Political Science 201 3 Psychology 201 3 History 201-202 6 Appreciation of Music 301 3 Sociology 201 3 Physical Education 2 Total 34 SOPHOMORE YEAR fl>S. Literature 201-202 or 203-204 .... 6 Chemistry 202-203 8 Biology 101-102 8 History 101-102 6 Foreign Language or Sociology 101-102 6 Physical Education 2 Total 36 SENIOR YEAR HrS. Physics 101-102 (Gen.) 10 Biology 401 4 Biology 302 4 Philosophy 3 Economics 201 3 Appreciation of Art 301 3 Elective 3 Physical Education 2 Total 32 50 ART The art course is designed primarily to give the best possible founda- tion for further study in any of the specialized fields of art; to give thor- ough training in artistic creation; and to guide in developing the power of discrimination in general aesthetic appreciation. For a certificate of achievement a minimum of thirty hours in art sub- jects is required plus a sufficient number of academic hours to make a total of 60. The department reserves the right to retain representative examples of student work for purposes of exhibition. This is an acknowledgment of superior ability and assists the department in maintaining a high standard in its classes. SUGGESTED TWO (Leading toward work FRESHMAN YEAH Hrs. Art 105-106. Design 6 Art 109-110. Sketch 2 Art 121-122. Commercial 4 Art 125. Costume Illus 2 Art 127-128. Painting 4 English Composition 101-102 6 History 101-102 or Academic Electives 6 Physical Education 2 Total 32 YEAR COURSE in Commercial Art) SOPHOMORE YEAR Hrs. Art 205-206. Design 6 Art 209-210. Sketch 2 Art 221-222. Commercial 4 Art 227-228. Painting 4 Art 107. Still Life 2 Art 301. Appreciation 3 Religion 102 3 Academic Electives 6 Physical Education 2 Total 32 SUGGESTED TWO-YEAR COURSE (Leading toward work in the Fine Arts) FRESHMAN YEAR Hrs. Art 105-106. Design 6 Art 107-108. Still Life 4 Art 109-110. Sketch 2 Art 127-128. Painting 6 English Composition 101-102 6 History 101-102 or Academic El. 6 Physical Education 2 SOPHOMORE YEAR Hrs. Design 6 Still Life 4 Sketch 2 Painting 6 Religion 102 3 Academic Elective 6 Art Appreciation 301 3 Physical Education 2 Art 205-206 Art 207-208 Art 209-210 Art 227-228 Total 32 Total 32 51 PRE-ENGINEERING This course is designed to give the student basic pre-professional courses in the field of engineering. The course recommended below is for all engineering students except chemical engineers. Chemical engineers will consult with the Director of Admissions or the Dean. TWO-YEAR COURSE FRESHMAN YEAR Hrs. English 101-102 6 Chemistry 11-12 6 Physics 101 5 Mathematics 108-201 9 Drawing 101-103 6 Religion 102 3 Physical Education 2 Total 37 SOPHOMORE YEAR Hrs. Physics 102 5 Physics 201 3 Mathematics 202-301 8 Economics 201 3 Speech 3 Literature 201 or 203 3 History 202 3 Elective 3 Physical Education 2 Total 33 LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY It is the aim of this course to supply an academic background of the basic science courses and then a year of practical work in the field. This course leads to a profession which is offering increasing opportunities, more especially in medical and hospital laboratories. FRESHMAN YEAR Hrs. English 101-102 6 Chemistry 101-102 10 Biology 101-102 8 Religion 102 3 Electives 3 Physical Education 2 Total 32 SOPHOMORE YEAR Hrs. English 201-202 6 Chemistry 205 4 Chemistry 301-302 8 Biology 201 4 Electives S Physical Education 2 Total 32 JUNIOR YEAR Interneship at an approved hospital. Electives may be chosen from any college department, but the follow- ing courses are recommended: Qualitative Analysis, Physics, Mathematics, History, Economics, Psychology, Sociology, etc. Upon completion of the laboratory work at the hospital, the student is eligible for The Registry of Medical Technologists of The American Society of Clinical Pathologists. 52 MEDICAL SECRETARIAL The Medical Secretarial Course offers students a basic science back- ground in addition to secretarial skills. This course is especially desirable for those preparing for Medical or Dental Secretarial positions. FRESHMAN YEAR SOPHOMORE YEAR Hrs. Hrs. English 101-102 6 Biology 203-204 6 Biology 101-102 8 Psychology 201 3 Shorthand 105-106 6 Sociology 201 3 Typewriting 107-108 6 Shorthand 210-214 6 Chemistry 103 4 Typewriting 212-213 6 Biology 104 3 Business Correspondence 205 3 Physical Education 2 Bookkeeping 116 3 Religion 3 Physical Education 2 Total 35 Total 35 MUSIC The Music Course is a two-year course open to those who are regularly enrolled at Lycoming College. Other students attending Lycoming who are not registered in the Music Course may enroll for music courses with the consent of the Dean of the College and the Department Chairman. It is possible to obtain credit toward degrees granted by the college for certain of these courses taken as electives. Permission to do this, how- ever, must be obtained from the Dean of the College in writing and filed with the Registrar. Musical excellence in both the fields of fine technical musicianship and artistic performance is sought in every branch of musical work at Lycom- ing. Special attention is called to the advantages of the thorough-going fundamental training afforded students who desire to matriculate in a regular professional school of music. Class and public recitals are held frequently to afford students the opportunity to achieve poise in per- formance. Instrumental and vocal ensemble work hold an important place in the curriculum, and are therefore required. Class sessions and private lessons are taught in conformity to the college calendar, and absences are dealt with in accordance with the college policy. 53 TWO YEAR COURSE FRESHMAN YEAR Hrs. Music 101-102 — Sight Singing .... 4 Music 103-104 — Dictation 4 Music 105-106 — Harmony 6 Music 107-108— Applied Music .... 3 Music 109-110 — Ensemble 1 English 101-102 — Composition .... 6 Religion 102 3 Academic Elective 6 (French or German for Voice Majors). Physical Education 2 Total 35 SOPHOMOEE YEAH Hrs. Music 201— Sight Singing 2 Music 203— Dictation 2 Music 205-206— Harmony 6 Music 207-208 — Applied Music .. 3 Music 209-210 — Ensemble 1 English 201-202 — Literature 6 Social Studies — Elective 3 Music 211-212— History of Music 6 Music 213 — Stringed Instru- ment Class 1 or Music 217 — Vocal Methods Class 1 or Music 215 — Piano Sight Playing 1 Physical Education 2 Total 32 SECRETARIAL SCIENCE Lycoming offers a two-year course in Secretarial Science. This course provides students with the opportunity to develop office skills required for secretarial work. FRESHMAN YEAR Hrs. English 101-102 6 Shorthand 105-106 6 Typewriting 107-108 6 Bookkeeping 116 3 Economics 201-202 6 Religion 102 3 Physical Education 2 Total 32 SOPHOMORE YEAR Hrs. Business Correspondence 205 .... 3 Shorthand 210-211 6 Typewriting 212-213 6 Business Law 302-303 8 Office Practice 222 3 Electives 3 Physical Education 2 Office Machines 223 3 Total 34 54 COURSES OF INSTRUCTION The courses of instruction are arranged in four divisions as shown below : DIVISIONS GROUP I. HUMANITIES. Art, English, French, German, Greek, Music Philosophy, Religion, Spanish, Speech. GROUP II. SOCIAL STUDIES. Economics, History, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology. GROUP III. SCIENCE. Biology, Chemistry, Drawing, Mathematics, Physical Education, Phys- ics, Science. GROUP IV. BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION. Business Administration, Economics, Secretarial Science. In a detailed description of the courses that follow, the courses of instruction are listed alphabetically by subject matter for the convenience of the reader. Courses numbered in the one hundreds are commonly first year subjects; those in the two hundreds are second year subjects; the three hundreds are third year or Junior subjects; and the four hundreds are fourth year or Senior subjects. The college reserves the right to withdraw any course for which there are fewer than ten students enrolled. 55 ART 105-106. DESIGN I. Deals with organization of line, form, and tone to produce two-dimensional and three-dimensional design in which volume and space as well as flat patterns are accounted fundamentals. Six class periods per week. Three hours credit per semester. 107-108. STILL LIFE I. Study of form and color. Invaluable training for advanced work in painting. Four class periods per week. Two hours credit per semester. 109-110. SKETCH I. Devoted to acquainting the student with a variety of techniques and materials. Two class periods per week. One hour credit per semester. 121-122. COMMERCIAL ART I. Study of letter forms and practice in the execution of freehand pen and brush letters. Study of good spacing and layout in advertising technique. Four class periods per week. Two hours credit per semester. 125. COSTUME ILLUSTRATION. Study of the costumed figure and rendering of fabrics and textures as applied to commercial illustration. Four class periods per week. Two hours credit. 127-128. PAINTING I. Devoted to oil and watercolor. Painting problems in landscape, still life and figure. Two, four, or six class periods per week. One, two, or three hours credit per semester. 205-206. DESIGN II. Advanced design, with emphasis on practical application such as textiles, posters, etc. Six class periods per week. Prerequisite, Art 105-106. Three hours credit per semester. 207-208. STILL LIFE II. Continuation of Still Life I. Four class periods per week. Prerequisite, Art 107-108. Two hours credit per semester. 209-210. SKETCH II. Continuation of Sketch I. Two class periods per week. Prerequisite, Art 109-110. One hour credit per semester. 56 221-222. COMMERCIAL ART II. Continuation of Commercial Art I. Four class periods per week. Prerequisite, Art 121-122. Two hours credit per semester. 227-228. PAINTING II. Continuation of Painting I. Two, four, or six class periods per week. Prerequisite, Art 127-128. One, two, or three hours credit per semester. 301. HISTORY AND APPRECIATION OF ART. Devoted to ac- quainting the student with art history, philosophy, and methods. Em- phasis on the appreciation of great works of art. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. BIOLOGY 24 hours of biology are required for a major in this field. 18 hours are required for a minor. 101-102. GENERAL BIOLOGY. An introduction to the principles of biology, including the function of protoplasm and the cell. A systematic consideration of characteristic types of plants and animals, which is funda- mentally a beginner's course in general biology; one semester of botany (101) and one semester of zoology (102). Two hours lecture and recita- tion and two two-hour laboratory periods per week each semester. Four hours of credit per semester. 103. MICROBIOLOGY. This course emphasizes the study of micro- organisms that affect mankind, especially those that cause diseases. Lab- oratory exercises deal with elementary bacteriological techniques and plant and animal parasites. Three hours lecture and recitation and one two-hour laboratory period per week. Four hours credit. 104. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY. A basic knowledge of the skele- tal, circulatory, digestive, nervous, and excretory systems of the human body. Designed for Medical Secretarial students. Three hours lecture and demonstration. Prerequisite, Biology 101. Three hours credit. 57 107-108. BOTANY. Includes study of plant structure, function, and classification. Two hours lecture and two hours laboratory a week. Three hours credit per semester. 201-202. COMPARATIVE VERTEBRATE ANATOMY. Deals with dissections of representative vertebrates, including the cat. Two hours lecture and recitation and two two-hour laboratory periods a week. Prerequisite, Biology 101-102. Four hours credit per semester. 203-204. MEDICAL OFFICE TECHNIQUE. Medical ethics, patient psychology, and personal conduct in a medical office are included. The Pathologist and Bacteriologist of Williamsport Hospital provide demon- strations of procedures, First Aid, sterilization and care of instruments, and the maintenance of adequate office records. Observations are made in the hospital of such procedure in actual operation. Designed for the Medical Secretarial Students. During the second semester, actual observation work in a doctor's office acquaints the student with this work. Three hours credit per semester. 301. PHYSIOLOGY. A study of the physiological processes of the human body. Two hours lecture and two two-hour laboratory periods per week. Prerequisite, Biology 201-202. Four hours credit. 302. VERTEBRATE EMBRYOLOGY. The study of the development of an amphibian, the chick, and a mammal, from fertilization of the egg to fully formed embryo. Two hours lecture and two two-hour laboratory periods per week. Prerequisite, Biology 101-102. Four hours credit. 401. HISTOLOGY. The study of cells and tissues of the human body. Two hours lecture and two two-hour laboratory periods per week. Prerequisite, Biology 201-202. Four hours credit. 402. GENETICS. A study of the principles of inheritance and their application to human biology and to the improvement of plants and ani- mals. Three hours lecture. Prerequisite, Biology 101-102; Psychology 201. Three hours credit. 58 BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 101-102. ACCOUNTING. Assumes no knowledge of the subjects of bookkeeping or accounting on the part of the student. The course intro- duces the theory of balance sheets, problems of classification and interpre- tation of accounts; preparation of financial statements and accounting for single proprietorship, partnership and corporation. Manufacturing ac- counts are also presented. Two hours lecture and recitation and one two- hour laboratory period per week. Three hours credit each semester. 103. PRINCIPLES OF BUSINESS. This course is designed to show the student how each division of a business enterprise is dependent upon other divisions and how the various functions are unified and co-ordinated by competent management. It treats briefly but thoroughly such inter- related business functions as Financing, Management, Purchasing, Adver- tising, Cost Accounting, Selling, Merchandising, and Labor Control, thus providing the student with an excellent survey of business functions before approaching specialized work. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 104. AMERICAN ECONOMIC HISTORY. This course is designed to show the student the picture of American economy. Developments in the major sub-divisions of our economic life have been integrated by giving specific attention to measuring the adaptation and performance of the economy as a whole. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 105-106. ELEMENTARY SHORTHAND. Study of the complete theory of Gregg shorthand by the functional method. Dictation and introduction to transcription. Class meets five times each week. Three hours credit each semester. 107-108. ELEMENTARY TYPEWRITING. Complete mastery of the touch system of typewriting with emphasis upon attainment of accuracy and speed. Typing of artistic business letters and of other business forms is stressed. Class meets five times each week. Three hours credit each semester. 110. BUSINESS MATHEMATICS. Designed primarily for students in the curriculum of Business Administration. Review of elementary algebra, linear and quadratic functions, logarithms, progressions, permutations and combinations, and the elementary theory of probability. Commercial appli- cations. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 59 111. BUSINESS STATISTICS. An introduction to the elementary theory of statistical analysis with applications. Central tendency, dispersion, skew- ness, trends, correlation, and index numbers. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Business 110. Three hours credit. 114-115. BUSINESS COMPUTATIONS. The fundamentals as well as the more advanced aspects of business calculations. Short methods and checks, percentages, interest, depreciation, and other matters usually treated in commercial and business arithmetic. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit each semester. Not offered 1950-1951. 116. SECRETARIAL BOOKKEEPING. A course designed to give vocational training in the principles of bookkeeping to those secretarial students preparing for positions in the offices of attorneys, doctors, lawyers, and other professional people. The fundamental principles of accounting are developed and applied through the medium of practice sets. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 117. SECRETARIAL BOOKKEEPING. The accrual basis of account- ing as applied to mercantile and trading enterprises is developed in this course. Actual practice of the theory will be obtained through the medium of practice sets. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 205. BUSINESS CORRESPONDENCE. A review of basic English grammar with emphasis upon its use in modern business letter writing. Actual practice in the writing of all major forms of business communica- tions with special attention given to the preparation of application letters and data sheets. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 206-207. MONEY AND BANKING. A study of the nature and func- tions of money; the quantity theory; paper and deposit currency; collection of checks and the thorough study of the bank statement. The Federal Reserve System and its monetary policies; and a study of other contem- porary financial institutions. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Business 102. Not offered 1950-1951. Three hours credit each semester. 60 210-211. ADVANCED SHORTHAND. Review of theory and the devel- opment of speed in the writing and transcribing of Gregg shorthand. Special training to acquire technical vocabularies in the fields of advertis- ing, agriculture, banking, insurance and law. Class meets five times each week. Prerequisite, Business 105-106. Three hours credit each semester. 212-213. ADVANCED TYPEWRITING. Development of speed type- writing with a high degree of accuracy. Instruction and practice in typing all business letters and forms, tabulations, manuscripts, legal documents, Mimeograph stencils and Ditto master sheets. Class meets five times each week. Prerequisite, Business 107-108. Three hours credit each semester. 214. MEDICAL SHORTHAND. The course is designed to develop a good working knowledge of medical terminology which is used in the physician's office, the hospital, the laboratory, and the insurance office. Class meets five times each week. Prerequisite, Business 210. Three hours credit. 215-216. ACCOUNTING. Carries the fundamentals of accounting pre- sented in Principles of Accounting into the advanced field. It presents an intensive study of accounting statements with an emphasis upon corporation stock and bond accounts. Also descriptions of advanced and technical procedures found in general accounting with an emphasis on partnership, joint ventures, agency and branches, and corporate combinations. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Business 102. Three hours credit each semester. 222. OFFICE PRACTICE. Designed to give the student actual practice in applying the knowledge and skills which are acquired in the theory course to problems which arise in typical office situations. Two hours a week of practical experience secured in the faculty and administrative offices. Three hours credit. 223. OFFICE MACHINES. Demonstration by the instructor of the proper techniques for operation of various business machines. Students obtain actual practice in the use of these machines in order to develop skill and speed. Class meets five times per week. Three hours credit. 61 302-303. BUSINESS LAW. Lecture course on the fundamentals of the law relating to business transactions: Contracts, agency, negotiable instru- ments, partnerships, corporations, sales, personality security contracts, guaranty and suretyship, insurance, and real estate. Four hours lecture per week. Four hours credit each semester. 304. CREDITS AND COLLECTIONS. The fundamentals of credit, investigation and analysis of risks, collection plans and policies. The organization of credit and collection agencies is studied. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Business 102. Three hours credit. 305. MARKETING. Retail, wholesale, and manufacturing trade chan- nels; types of middlemen and functions; cooperative associations; market- ing functions and policies of retailer, wholesaler and manufacturer; produce exchanges and other markets. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, six hours in Business Administration. Three hours credit. 307. ORGANIZATION AND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT OF BUS- INESS UNITS. This course deals with the financing of business; the sources of capital and financial agencies such as note brokers, mortgage banks, investment bankers, commercial banks and commercial paper houses. An analysis of business promotions, reorganizations, mergers and consoli- dations, and the manner in which they are financed. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, six hours in Business Administration. Three hours credit. 308. INVESTMENTS. This course deals with the leading types of in- vestments, tests, investment programs, financial reports, forecasting methods and agencies, stock exchanges, brokerage houses, methods of buying and selling securities, etc. Laboratory work and case studies. Three hours per week. Prerequisite, six hours in Accounting. Three hours credit. 309-309A. COST ACCOUNTING. Methods of accounting for material, labor and factory overhead expenses consumed in manufacturing are intro- duced. Laboratory sets are used to illustrate job order and process cost- ing. The recent development of the use of standard costs is introduced 62 and illustrated through problems. The application of cost principles to distributive organizations and governmental units is also presented. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Business 216. Three hours credit. 310. TAX ACCOUNTING. A study of the theory and practice of Fed- eral income, inheritance, gift and excise taxation. Actual cases, problems and forms are used to illustrate the law and to determine the taxpayer's liability to the Government. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Business 102. Three hours credit. 331-332. ADVANCED SHORTHAND. A shorthand course designed to develop in the writer a degree of skill and of speed sufficient to prepare him for court reporting and for executive work. Class meets five times per week. Prerequisite, Business 210-211. Three hours credit per semester. 335-336. ADVANCED TYPEWRITING. A typewriting course designed to develop in the student a high degree of accuracy and of speed in the preparation of all business documents. Class meets five times per week. Prerequisite, Business 212-213. Three hours credit per semester. 341-342. PRINCIPLES OF RETAILING I AND II. Survey of the field of retailing; history and development of different types of stores; advantages and disadvantages of each type; store location, layout, and organization; duties and functions of the different departments; coopera- tive movements in retailing; selection, training, and supervision of em- ployees. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit per semester. 345. RETAIL ADVERTISING AND SALES PROMOTION. Funda- mental principles of the science of advertising; advertising media, copy, appeals, layouts, type, illustration, art, psychology; and fundamental principles of sales promotion and coordination of all forms within the organization. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 63 346. RETAIL SALESMANSHIP. Fundamentals of efficient selling. Problems affecting the customer and the store; meeting customer needs; preparation and presentation of merchandise manual; sales demonstration. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 350. COMMERCIAL ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTION. The use of drawing instruments, vertical lettering, orthographic projection, pictorial drawing dimensioning, and preparation of detail and assembly drawings is studied. Blue print reading relating to mechanical and architectural draw- ing is stressed. Two two-hour laboratory periods per week. Two hours credit. 401. REAL ESTATE. The fundamentals of the real estate business in- cluding a study of titles, mortgages, leases, advertising, sale, purchase, development, and management of real estate. Prerequisite, six hours in Business Administration numbered above 200. Three hours credit. 402-403. INSURANCE. The fundamentals of fire, marine, health, acci- dent, casualty, and social insurances. Commercial and governmental plans. Life insurance and annuities. Fidelity and surety bonds. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, six hours in Business Administration numbered above 200. Three hours credit per semester. 406. BANK POLICIES AND PROCEDURES. This course is designed to obtain a more specialized and practical knowledge of banking and related financial institutions. The course will emphasis actual organization and operation of the institution under study. The study will be supplemented with field trips and lectures in the classroom by various operating officers. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Business 207. Three hours credit. 409-409A. AUDITING. This course deals with the science of verifying, analyzing, and interpreting accounts and reports. An audit project is pre- sented, solved and interpreted throughout the year. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Business 309A. Three hours credit each semester. 410. ACCOUNTING. This course is intended to meet the needs of those interested in professional accounting and in preparation for C. P. A. exam- inations. The problems presented throughout the course are taken from 64 5? past C. P. A. and American Institute of Accountants examinations and require in their solution a thorough knowledge of the subject matter of prerequisite courses taken. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Business 409. Three hours credit. 421-422. OFFICE PRACTICE. A course planned to give the student actual practice in applying the knowledge and skills which have been acquired in the theoretical business courses to problems which arise in typical office situations. Class laboratory will meet two hours per week. Four hours of work will be assigned in faculty and administrative offices. Prerequisite, Business 210, 212. Three hours credit per semester. 441. RETAIL BUYING AND MERCHANDISING. Problems of mer- chandising. Responsibilities of the buyer; what, when, where and how to buy; types of merchandise, pricing, leased departments, sales planning and merchandise control; importance of volume, mark-up, mark-down, and turnover; emphasis on making a profit; actual store problems. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 443. RETAIL PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT. Organization and re- sponsibilities of the personnel department: selection, training, welfare work, methods of payment, incentives for better work, morale, personnel prob- lems connected with the retail store. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 445-446. RETAIL PROBLEMS I AND II. A survey of current issues confronting retail management and examination of the management, mer- chandising and publicity activities of retail stores. Current trends and differences in store practices are stressed; emphasis is given to govern- mental regulations, labor, and employee-employer relations. The case method is used extensively in the development of the course. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit per semester. CHEMISTRY Courses offered in this department are planned to meet the needs of several classes of students. They provide a thorough fundamental training in chemistry for those who (1) expect to enter medical, dental or other professional schools; (2) intend to do graduate work in this field; (3) plan to work in industrial laboratories as chemists (it should be realized that many laboratories now require advanced degrees); (4) wish a background 65 of chemical facts and theories the better to understand the world of chem- istry in which we live; or (5) are taking the special curricula in Medical Secretarial and Laboratory Technician Courses. Students who wish to major in chemistry must be recommended by the Department Head and complete 24 hours of chemistry in addition to General Chemistry. A minor field of concentration is 18 hours including General Chemistry. 11. GENERAL CHEMISTRY. A brief introductory course presenting the fundamentals of inorganic chemistry and including a study of metallic and non-metallic elements and their compounds. Two hours lecture and one three-hour laboratory period per week. Three hours credit. 12. GENERAL CHEMISTRY AND QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS. A continuation of Chemistry 11, together with a brief course in elementary qualitative cation and anion analysis. Two hours lecture and one three- hour laboratory period per week. Three hours credit. 101-102. GENERAL CHEMISTRY. The course comprises a systematic study of the fundamental laws and theories of chemistry in connection with the most important metallic and non-metallic elements and their com- pounds. Three hours lecture and two two-hour laboratory periods per week. Five hours credit each semester. 102A. GENERAL CHEMISTRY. Continuation of Chemistry 101; last half of semester covers elementary qualitative analysis. Three hours lec- ture and two two-hour laboratory periods per week. Five hours credit. 103. APPLIED CHEMISTRY. A brief survey of general chemistry designed to prepare the student for an understanding of some of the many applications of chemistry to the home, to nutrition, and to nursing. Three hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory period per week. Four hours credit. 201. QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS. An elementary course in the study of modern theories of solutions of electrolytes and their applications to cation and anion analysis. Two hours lecture and two three-hour labora- tory periods per week. Four hours credit. 66 202-203. QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS. A presentation of the funda- mental methods of elementary gravimetric and volumetric analysis together with practice in laboratory techniques and calculations of these methods. Two hours lecture and two three-hour laboratory periods per week. Four hours credit each semester. 205. QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS. A one semester course in simple quantitative analysis given more briefly than course 202-203. The course is designed chiefly for laboratory technician students. Two hours lecture and two three-hour laboratory periods per week. Four hours credit. 301-302. ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. A systematic study of the com- pounds of carbon including both aliphatic and aromatic series. The lab- oratory work introduces the student to simple fundamental methods of organic synthesis. Three hours lecture and one four-hour laboratory period per week. Four hours credit each semester. 401-402. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. A study of the fundamental prin- ciples of theoretical chemistry and their applications. The laboratory work includes techniques in physico-chemical measurements. Three hours lecture and one four-hour laboratory period per week. Four hours credit each semester. DRAWING 101. ENGINEERING DRAWING. The principles of orthographic pro- jection, axiometric drawing, and perspective through instrumental and free hand exercises. Vertical lettering, free hand sketches, use of drawing instruments, drafting room practice in conventional representations, prac- tice in pencil and ink tracing, sections, theory of dimensioning, detail and assembly drawings and the reading of working drawings. Class meets three two-hour laboratory periods per week. Three hours of credit. 103. DESCRIPTIVE GEOMETRY. Graphical solution of the more advanced space problems, both theoretical and practical and those encoun- tered in engineering practice; practice in inclined free hand lettering. Problems involve the measurement of angles and distances and the gener- ation of various surfaces, together with their sections, developments and intersections. In each project visualization and analysis leads to a logical and efficient solution. Class meets three two-hour laboratory periods per week. Three hours of credit. 67 ECONOMICS Twenty-four hours of economics are required for a major in this field. 201-202. PRINCIPLES AND PROBLEMS OF ECONOMICS. A study of the organization of the economic system and principles and problems that govern economic activity. Major topics covered include: produc- tion, consumption, exchange, distribution, risks of enterprise, banking, international trade, profits, rent, wages and social reforms. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit each semester. 301-302. ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY. A general survey course, showing the relation of physical environment to man's economic and cultural achievements. Emphasis is placed on the part the United States plays in the occupations of man, as contrasted to other producing areas of the world. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit each semester. 303. LABOR PROBLEMS. A study of the American labor movement and the position of the worker in modern industrial society. Unemploy- ment, wages, hours, child labor, woman in industry, the aged worker, unions, and industrial peace are among the problems considered. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, six hours in Economics. Three hours credit. 303A. LABOR LEGISLATION. A continuation of labor problems. Labor and the courts; federal regulation of capital-labor relations; the work of federal labor boards. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Economics 303. Three hours credit. 304. CONSUMER ECONOMICS. The place of the consumer in the eco- nomic system, forces back of consumer demand, governmental controls to aid the consumer, consumer economic education and private aids. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, six hours in Economics. Three hours credit. 402. TRANSPORTATION. Problems and policies of railroads, busses, inland waterways, air and ocean transportation. The economic importance and significance of transportation are emphasized. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, six hours in Economics. Three hours credit. 68 403. HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT. An advanced course which deals with the origin, growth and significance of economic institutions with emphasis upon those of Europe and the United States. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, six hours in Economics numbered above 200. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 404. ADVANCED ECONOMICS. Intended to co-ordinate the work of the special courses taken in the field of economics. More comprehensive analyses of economic forces than were taken in the elementary economic courses. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Economics 201-202 and six hours in Economics numbered above 200. Three hours credit. 405. PUBLIC FINANCE. Public revenue and expenditures; preparation of budgets; public taxation; public borrowing. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, six hours in Business Administration numbered above 200 and Economics 201-202. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 406. PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC UTILITIES. Public utility character- istics, organization, management, financing, combination, and accounting; regulation, valuation, and rate-making are stressed. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Economics 201-202. Three hours credit. ENGLISH A major in English consists of a minimum of 24 semester hours, ex- cluding 101-102, in courses offered by the department; at least 6 hours must be in American Literature and at least 15 hours in courses numbered 300 and above. 101-102. COMPOSITION. The two-fold purpose is to teach the student to read good prose of ordinary difficulty, both critically and appreciatively, and to organize his ideas in logical, connected discourse. Three hours lec- ture per week. Required of all freshmen. Three hours credit per semester. 69 201-202. SURVEY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE. The aim of the course is to acquaint the student with the major movements and authors. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit per semester. 203-204. HISTORY OF AMERICAN LITERATURE. A survey of our literature as the reflection of an emergent national culture. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit per semester. (Any two semesters' work in courses 201, 202, 203, and 204 will satisfy the requirement of 6 hours in literature). 301. ROMANTIC MOVEMENT. A study in the English Romantic poets, Wordsworth to Keats. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 303. VICTORIAN POETRY. The major poets from Tennyson to Hous- man. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 304. VICTORIAN PROSE. Emphasis is placed on the attitudes of the leading essayists toward the many and varied problems of the Victorian Age. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 311. SHAKESPEARE. A study of representative plays. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 313-314. HISTORY AND APPRECIATION OF THE DRAMA. A study of the drama from the Greek beginnings to the present day, as to types, subject matter, and technical structure. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit per semester. 316. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE. A study of the major trends in American and English Literature of the recent past. Three hours lec- ture per week. Three hours credit. 70 320. ADVANCED COMPOSITION. Consent of the instructor; limited to 15 students. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. (At least junior standing and 9 hours in English above the freshman year required for 400 courses). 401-402. HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH NOVEL. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit per semester. 404. AMERICAN REGIONAL FICTION. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 410. HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. Some knowledge of Latin and one modern language will prove helpful. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 415-416. STUDIES IN LITERATURE. Conferences, oral and written reports on selected topics designed to round out a student's knowledge of English and American Literature. Limited to qualified majors. Three hours credit per semester. FRENCH A major in French consists of 24 hours beyond French 12. A minor consists of 18 hours. 11-12. BEGINNING. Fundamentals of pronunciation and grammar; practice in reading, conversation, and composition. Three class hours per week. Three hours credit per semester. 101-102. INTERMEDIATE. Review of grammar. Study of modern texts; practice in conversation and composition. Reports on outside read- ing. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite 11-12 or equivalent. Three hours credit per semester. 201-202. ADVANCED. Reading of classical and modern texts; outside readings and reports. Study of principal literary movements and civiliza- tion. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite 101-102 or equivalent. Three hours credit per semester. 71 203-204. COMMERCIAL. Not offered 1950-1951. 301-302. ADVANCED GRAMMAR. Thorough study of grammar. Cours de style: French "from the inside," practice in composition and development of literary writing. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite 201-202 or equivalent. Three hours credit per semester. 303-304. PHONETICS AND CONVERSATION. Not offered in 1950-51. 351-352. MODERN DRAMA. Study of the principal dramatic move- ments of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, beginning with Victor Hugo and the Romantic School. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite 201-202 or equivalent. Three hours credit per semester. 401-402. SURVEY. A study of representative works from the earliest monuments to modern times. Analysis of the texts and their relations to other literatures. Introduction to graduate methods of research and pre- paration. Required of all majors. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite 301-302 or equivalent. Three hours credit per semester. 415-416. STUDIES IN LITERATURE. Special studies for majors. Conference hours and reports to be arranged. Prerequisite 401-402. GERMAN A major in German consists of 24 hours beyond German 12. A minor consists of 18 hours. 11-12. BEGINNING. Fundamentals of pronunciation and grammar; practice in reading, conversation, and composition. Three class hours per week. Three hours credit per semester. 101-102. INTERMEDIATE. Review of grammar. Study of modern texts; practice in conversation and composition. Reports on outside read- ing. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite 11-12 or equivalent. Three hours credit per semester. 72 201-202. ADVANCED. Reading of classical and modern texts; outside readings and reports. Study of principal literary movements and civiliza- tion. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite 101-102 or equivalent. Three hours credit per semester. 301-302. ADVANCED GRAMMAR. Not offered 1950-1951. 331-332. DIE NOVELLE. Readings and discussions of representative short stories, with emphasis on the more modern authors ; study of relations with other literatures. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite 201-202 or equivalent. Three hours credit per semester. 401-402. SURVEY. A study of representative works from the earliest monuments to modern times. Analysis of the texts and their relations to other literatures. Introduction to graduate methods of research and pre- paration. Required of all majors. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite 301-302 or equivalent. Three hours credit per semester. 415-416. STUDIES IN LITERATURE. Special studies for majors. Conference hours and reports to be arranged. Prerequisite 401-402. GREEK 311-312. NEW TESTAMENT READINGS. Fundamentals of New Tes- tament Greek grammar. Readings from the Gospels according to St. Luke and St. Matthew. Three class hours per week. Open to students in Junior year or above, except by special permission. Three hours credit per semester. HISTORY The History Department aims to prepare students for intelligent citi- zenship and for entering the fields of religious work, law, government ser- vice, and other professions. Through a study of civilizations of the past, the student is expected to gain a better perspective of our own political, economic, and social structure and to be more aware of the nature and needs of contemporary life. A major in history consists of a minimum of 24 semester hours beyond History 101-102. A minor in history requires a minimum of 18 semester hours. 73 101. MODERN EUROPE TO 1815. A survey of Europe from the six- teenth century to the Congress of Vienna, with special attention to selected cultural, political, and economic movements of the era. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 102. MODERN EUROPE SINCE 1815. A continuation of History 101 with emphasis upon the Liberal and Nationalist movements of the nine- teenth century, and the background and history of World Wars I and II. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 201. UNITED STATES AND PENNSYLVANIA HISTORY TO 1865. A course in the political, economic, and social factors in the history of the United States and the Commonwealth, designed to meet the state require- ments for a teaching certificate. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 202. UNITED STATES AND PENNSYLVANIA HISTORY SINCE 1865. A continuation of History 201, with special attention to interna- tional relations, the problems of labor, education, and corporate control, and postwar activities. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 203. ANCIENT CIVILIZATION. The origin and character of the civilizations of antiquity, with special emphasis upon those elements of Greek and Roman culture which have been incorporated in the structure of western civilization. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 204. HISTORY OF MEDIEVAL EUROPE. The development of Euro- pean political, social, and religious institutions and cultural patterns from the collapse of the Roman Empire to 1500. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 301. THE COLONIAL PERIOD AND THE AMERICAN REVOLU- TION (1492-1789). A concentrated course on the discovery of the Con- tinent, and the events leading up to the Revolution and the adoption of the Constitution. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 302. AMERICAN FOREIGN RELATIONS. A study of the most sig- nificant diplomatic problems arising out of wars, westward expansion, and colonial possessions, with special attention to the evolution of the United States as a world power. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 74 303-303A. CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES. This course presents an analysis of American political philos- ophy, constitutional origins, and Supreme Court decisions in their influence upon economic and social problems. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit per semester. 304. THE RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION. A study of the intellectual, artistic, and commercial developments from the fourteenth to the seventeenth century, together with the origin of the Protestant tradition and related political factors. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 305. MODERN ENGLISH HISTORY. The rise and development of the British Empire from Tudor times to the Commonwealth of Nations, cover- ing political and social reforms, the growth of the cabinet system, and imperial developments. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. (See Political Science 403). 308. CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION. Emphasis is placed on the events leading up to the war; the various campaigns of the war will be considered and the return to peacetime activity. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 310. RECENT HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES (1896-PRES- ENT). The development of the United States in the twentieth century. The problems and reforms of Theodore Roosevelt; Wilsonian doctrines; the First World War; the New Deal, its objectives, principles, and practices; the Second World War and its problems to the present. Three hours lec- ture per week. Three hours credit. 317. THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND THE NAPOLEONIC ERA. An analysis of the political, social, and intellectual backgrounds of the French Revolution, a survey of the course of revolutionary development, and an estimate of the results of the Napoleonic conquests and administra- tion. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 401-402. CONTEMPORARY EUROPE. A study of diplomatic, social and economic developments since 1914, with special reference to the rise of fascist states, international rivalries, the Soviet and Nazi revolutions, and world peace organizations. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit per semester. 75 MATHEMATICS The study of mathematics has always been considered valuable because of its training in exact reasoning, precise statement, and its emphasis on essentials. It is a foundation for work in the sciences, particularly engi- neering, physics, and chemistry. For the field of concentration with the major in mathematics, 24 hours are required; 18 hours for a minor. 10. PLANE GEOMETRY. For students deficient in entrance mathe- matics. Three class hours per week. No college credit. 100. INTERMEDIATE ALGEBRA. For students presenting only one year of high school algebra and desiring further work in science or engi- neering. Three class hours per week. No college credit toward a major. Three hours credit. 101. COLLEGE ALGEBRA. After a rapid review of quadratic equa- tions, this course deals with the binominal theorem, permutations and combi- nations, probability, series, determinants, and theory of equations. Three class hours per week. Three hours credit. 102. TRIGONOMETRY. An introductory course in plane trigonometry dealing with the use of logarithms in the solution of plane triangles, to- gether with the trigonometric functions of an angle and the fundamental identities connecting its functions. Three class hours per week. Three hours credit. 108. ALGEBRA AND TRIGONOMETRY. Special engineering course open only to students with special permission. Five class hours per week. Five hours credit. 109. ALGEBRA AND TRIGONOMETRY. Special engineering course open only to students with special permission. Four class hours per week. Four hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 110. ANALYTIC GEOMETRY AND DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS. Special engineering course open only to students with special permission. Four class hours per week.. Four hours credit. 76 201. ANALYTIC GEOMETRY. A study of the graphs of various equations; curves resulting from simple locus conditions with stress on the loci of the second degree; polar co-ordinates, and co-ordinates of space. Four class hours per week. Prerequisite, Trigonometry. Four hours credit. 202. DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS. Usual course including the ele- ments of differentiation and their applications, maxima and minima, curve tracing, rates, curvature, and differentials, etc. Four class hours per week. Prerequisite, Mathematics 201. Four hours credit. 301. INTEGRAL CALCULUS. Integration as the reverse of differen- tiation. Integration as a process of summation. Formal and numerical integration. Practical applications: areas, volumes, pressure, work, lengths of arc, etc. Four class hours per week. Prerequisite, Mathematics 202. Four hours credit. 302. DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS. A first course in ordinary dif- ferential equations. Includes differential equations of first order with applications to physics, mechanics, and chemistry; linear equations with constant coefficients, simultaneous equations, and some special higher order equations. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, Mathematics 301. Three hours credit. 401. ADVANCED CALCULUS. Includes a short course in solid analy- tic geometry, partial differentiation, power series, Maclaurin and Taylor series, multiple integrals. Prerequisite, Mathematics 301. Three hours credit. 402-403. HIGHER ALGEBRA. First semester includes the elementary theory of equations. Second semester includes the study of the binomial theorem for any index, the summation of series, mathematical induction, elements of the theory of numbers, indeterminate equations, and probab- ility. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, Mathematics 101. Three hours credit per semester. 77 MUSIC 101-102. SIGHT SINGING. The singing of folk songs and other stand- ard music literature. Melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic problems are approached through the use of actual musical material. Class sessions three hours a week. Two hours credit per semester. 103-104. DICTATION. Melodic dictation parallels Music 101-102, and harmonic dictation parallels Music 105-106. Class sessions three hours a week. Two hours credit per semester. 105-106. HARMONY. The study of chords, their construction, relations and progressions with the practical application of the principles involved to the keyboard. The harmonization of melodies with triads and seventh chords. Modulation. Composition, using the smaller forms. Class ses- sions three hours a week. Three hours credit per semester. 107-108. APPLIED MUSIC. Private lessons are offered in piano, organ, violin, voice, and in the principal band and orchestra instruments. Two private lessons per week are required in one's principal field of performance and one private lesson in the minor field. Students in the Music Course are required to minor in piano until grade six in the Piano Course has been passed satisfactorily. Private lessons are one half hour long. One half hour credit per private lesson per semester. 109-110. ENSEMBLE. The study and performance of compositions writ- ten in the various instrumental and vocal forms. Credit for ensemble work cannot exceed one hour each year. The following activities are provided: The Military and Concert Band. In the fall semester the band re- hearses three times a week, and twice a week in the spring semester. The Symphony Orchestra. In the fall semester the orchestra rehearses two times a week; spring semester, three times a week. Required of instru- mental majors. The College Choir. Meets once a week to prepare larger choral works. Required of voice majors. The A Cappella Choir. Selected voices taken from the student body at large. Meets three times a week to prepare unaccompanied compositions of many styles. The Men's Glee Club. Meets once a week. The Women's Glee Club. Meets once a week. 78 201. SIGHT SINGING. A continuation of courses 101-102 with examples being selected from major choral works. Class sessions three hours a week. Two hours credit. 203. DICTATION. A continuation of courses 103-104 with added em- phasis being given to harmonic examples. Class sessions three hours a week. Two hours credit. 205-206. HARMONY. A continuation of courses 105-106, including a study of altered chords. Class sessions three hours a week. Three hours credit per semester. 207-208. APPLIED MUSIC. The continuation of private study. One half hour credit per private lesson per semester. 209-210. ENSEMBLE. The second year of ensemble work. One credit hour per year for activities listed in 109-110. 211-212. HISTORY OF MUSIC. A survey of the field of the history of music with special emphasis directed toward guided listening. Class ses- sions four hours per week. Three hours credit per semester. 213. STRINGED INSTRUMENTS CLASS. The work covered includes a playing knowledge of the instruments and some study of their literature. Class sessions two hours per week. One hour credit per semester. 215. PIANO SIGHT PLAYING CLASS. Reading of standard over- tures, symphonies and other piano literature for two, four and eight hands. Accuracy is demanded in rhythm, and guides are given to the technique of sight playing. Required of piano majors. Class sessions two times a week. One hour credit. 217. VOCAL METHODS CLASS. A study of anatomy relative to vocal- ization; a survey of the physics of sound; a study of rhythm and pulse; diction studied through phonetic spelling. Practical application is made by singing, individually and as a class, selected songs and vocalises. Class sessions two hours a week. One hour credit. 301. APPRECIATION OF MUSIC. A general survey of musical liter- ature designed to increase the enjoyment of music rather than to study music in a technical sense. Students in the Music Course are not obliged 79 to take this course, but those in the Liberal Arts Course are required to do so. Class sessions three hours a week. Three hours credit. REQUIRED WORK Pianoforte Majors Pre-college work in the Piano Department is divided into six grades. Special students (those not regularly enrolled in the College) and College students who desire to study piano as a secondary subject will follow the Preparatory Course. Those who desire to major in piano at the college level must meet the requirements of Piano 6 to enter the first year of college piano. Piano 6: Major and minor scales, four octaves. Major, minor and diminished arpeggios, three octaves. Short preludes of Bach. Easier sonatas of Mozart and Haydn. Mendelssohn's Songs Without Words or material of comparable difficulty. College Piano Piano 7: (First year) Major, minor and chromatic scales in parallel motion. Whole tone scale. Major and minor arpeggios, dominant and diminished sevenths in all positions, four octaves. Bach Two Part Inven- tions. Mozart and Beethoven Sonatas. Mendelssohn's Songs Without Words and other selected materials from the classical, romantic and modern periods. Piano 8: (Second year) Major, minor and chromatic scales in con- trary motion. Arpeggios as in Piano 7, contrary motion. Bach Three Part Inventions. Mozart and Beethoven Sonatas of greater difficulty. Romantic and Modern Compositions. Sophomore recital. Piano 9: (Third year) Major, minor and chromatic scales in thirds, sixths and tenths, four octaves; also double thirds. Arpeggios as in Piano 8 with increased speed. Bach Partitas, French and English Suites, and Well-Tempered Clavichord. Beethoven Sonatas. A continuation of Ro- mantic and Modern compositions. Junior recital. Piano 10: (Fourth year) Bach-Well Tempered Clavichord. Beethoven Sonatas of greater difficulty. Concertos, Chopin Etudes, and greater works of the Romantic and Modern periods. Senior recital. Organ Piano 6 constitutes the minimum background required to permit a student to study organ. Additional work in piano may be required at the discretion of the department head. The foundation teaching in organ is based on trios and pedal studies. Much attention is given to clarity and precision, voice progression, registration and artistic phrasing. The student is given the opportunity to work in both the church and recital fields of organ playing while being given a knowledge of the best in organ literature. 80 REQUIRED WORK Voice Majors Requirements for graduation in this department at the Junior College level include a minimum of one year in a foreign language (preferably French or German). A candidate for graduation must be able to read at sight an American song of average difficulty, perform acceptably at the piano compositions of Piano 6 and present a public recital of songs. En- semble singing required. Voice 1: (First year) A study of posture, breathing and resonance as these are applied to tone production. A study of the speaking voice in its relation to singing. Standard vocalises and simpler sacred and secular songs in English. Less difficult songs of Franz, Schubert, etc. (in Ger- man), folk songs. Voice 2: (Second year) The continuation of vocalises as above with others of greater difficulty added. Classic songs of Bach, Handel, Haydn (in English), Mozart (in Italian), and Italian songs of the Bel Canto period, Franz, Schubert, Schumann, and Brahms (in German), simpler French songs and modern English and American songs. An introduction to oratorio. Sophomore recital. Voice 3: (Third year) Vocalises of greater difficulty involving an understanding of Major, Minor, and Chromatic scales. Arias and recitatives from Bach, Handel, Haydn, Mozart. Representative German lieder. Mod- ern French, Italian, and Russian songs (in English). More difficult English and American songs. A continuation of oratorio. Junior recital. Voice 4: (Fourth year) A continuation of German lieder and mod- ern songs of varied styles, including those of Franck, Debussy, Faure and others. One complete oratorio role. Senior recital. Violik Majors Violin — (First year). Major scales, and melodic minor scales through three octaves. Harmonic minor scales through two octaves. The above to be played with a variety of bowings, and with both rapid and slow tempo. Major scales in thirds, sixths, and octaves, compass one octave, with a slow tempo. Additional technical study from Sevcik and Gruenberg. The Kreutzer studies. Suitable pieces, and student concertos and sonatas to parallel the technique studied. In all, purity of intonation, and beauty of tone will be the goal set by teacher and student. Violin — (Second year). The study of scales continued with tempos being increased. Harmonic minor scales through three octaves. Major and minor scales in thirds, sixths, and octaves, compass one octave, with a slow tempo. Further study of technique. Fiorillo studies. Rode studies. Advanced type of pieces, sonatas, concertos. Sophomore recital. 81 Violin — (Third year). The study of scales continued. Major and minor scales in thirds, sixths, and octaves, compass two octaves. Advanced studies. Compositions representive of the classical, romantic, and modern period. Junior recital. Violin — (Fourth year). Advanced studies. Compositions — sonatas, concertos, etc., representing the literature of the violin. Senior recital. PHILOSOPHY 207. INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY. This basic course intro- duces the student to the philosophical spirit as distinguished from the scientific; the criteria of truth based upon the synoptic method as a coherent organic whole; comparison of ideas to reality with major consider- ation of universals and values. These are considered in the whole of life experience as well as the contributions of science, democracy, and Chris- tianity. Three class hours per week. Three hours credit. 209. PROBLEMS OF PHILOSOPHY. The study of the chief philoso- phical world views with the aim to develop a perspective for the interpre- tation of experience and to contribute to the intelligent and effective social action of the student are the aims of this course. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, Philosophy 207. Three hours credit. 303. ETHICS. The central purpose of this course is to give constructive guidance in areas of vital concern to modern youth in college life. The modern problems of personal conduct and social ethics are considered in the light of the principles of moral obligations. Three class hours per week. Prerequiste, Philosophy 207. Three hours credit. 305. LOGIC. An introduction to the principles of reasoning based upon the methods of inductive and deductive logic with a major consideration of the syllogism, fallacies, methods of science, and criteria of truth. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, Philosophy 207. Three hours credit. 82 401. HISTORY OF ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY. A study of the ancient and medieval philosophers and their major contribu- tions. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, Philosophy 207. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 402. HISTORY OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY. A study of modern philosophy beginning with Francis Bacon and English empiricism through its development, as well as the development of rationalism, idealism, posi- tivism, pragmatism, and personalism. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, Philosophy 207. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. PHYSICAL EDUCATION It is the aim of the Physical Education Department to provide a suit- able and useful program for the development of reasonable skill and per- manent interest in wholesome activities that may be enjoyed after gradua- tion; to stimulate the formation of regular health habits; and to give suit- able exercises developing a high degree of physical fitness. The specific requirement for graduation consists of successful comple- tion of four years of required physical education. In case of disability, students may be excused from the active part of the program upon recom- mendation of a physician and with the consent of the Department Head. Such students will, however, complete a program of restricted activity, assigned readings in health education, or a combination of both in order to obtain credit in physical education for graduation. 101-102. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Basic instruction in fundamentals of "carry over" sports such as swimming, tennis, badminton, bowling, vol- leyball, basketball, Softball, handball, boxing, calesthenics, informal gym- nastics, etc. Passing a proficiency test in swimming shall be required. Two hours each week. One hour credit per semester. 201-202. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. More advanced work in activities offered Freshmen. The student is permitted to express a preference for the sports he likes best and encouraged to become a skillful enthusiast in the activities of his choice. A reasonable degree of proficiency in a sport of his choice shall be required. Two hours each week. One hour credit per semester. 301-302. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. A continuation of Physical Educa- tion 201-202 with emphasis placed on actual participation in games and sports. Two hours each week. One hour credit per semester. 83 303. PERSONAL HYGIENE. A thorough course in practical knowl- edge of personal hygiene. Two hours lecture per week. Two hours credit per semester. Not offered 1950-1951. 304. PUBLIC HYGIENE. A survey course in home and community hygiene. Two hours credit per semester. Not offered 1950-1951. 401-402. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. A continuation of Physical Educa- tion 301-302. Two hours per week. One hour credit per semester. PHYSICS The courses in physics are designed for (1) students who wish to learn something of the facts and laws of physics and their application to the physical world in which we live; (2) students preparing to enter medical, dental, or engineering school; and (3) students who expect to do practical work in industry. 101-102. GENERAL PHYSICS. A course in the first semester covering mechanics, heat, and sound; and in the second semester, magnetism, elec- tricity, and light. Lectures and recitations based on a standard text ac- companied by a systematic course in quantitative laboratory practice. Three hours lecture and two two-hour laboratory periods per week. Prerequisite, Mathematics 101-102 or parallel. Five hours credit per semester. 201. STATICS. The division of mechanics which includes the fundamen- tal conception of a force, the resolution of a force into components, and the composition of forces into a resultant. Both the analytical and the graphic solutions are used. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Mathematics 101-102; Physics 101-102. Three hours credit. 202. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS. The application of analytical and vector methods to mechanical systems, including moment and shear dia- grams. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Physics 201. Three hours credit. 84 301. DYNAMICS. A division of mechanics including forces which act on a body to cause a change in its motion. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Physics 201. Three hours credit. 302. METEOROLOGY. A study of basic principles pertaining to the observation and recording of weather data, and the basing of future weather predictions on them. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 303. PHYSICS. Light. A study of the theories of physical optics and an introduction to modern spectroscopy. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite, Physics 101-102; Conference on mathematical background required. Credit three or four hours. POLITICAL SCIENCE The courses in political science are intended to acquaint the student with the political institutions and political problems in the United States and the world today. 201. AMERICAN GOVERNMENT. An inquiry into the structure and functions of the various organs of national government, with special refer- ence to their expansion to meet the problems of a modern society. Three hours of lecture per week. Three hours credit. 202. STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT. A comparative study of the organization and functions of the states and their subdivisions, their relationship to the federal government, and the newer concept of the work of state administration. Three hours of lecture per week. Three hours credit. 301. PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL SCIENCE. A study to acquaint the student with the functions of the modern state, the development of political thought, individual liberty under the law, and the nature of political parties. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 302. POLITICAL PARTIES AND PRESSURE POLITICS. A study of political parties in the United States with emphasis upon factors of con- trol, campaign techniques, propaganda, and their relationship to pressure groups. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Political Science 201. Three hours credit. 85 303. COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT. An analysis of several govern- ments of the world, affording a comparison between democratic and author- itarian states, with particular attention directed to changes resulting from World War II. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Political Science 201. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 304. MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT. An analysis of different forms of city government in the United States, the relation of the city to the states, city politics and elections, and the problems of municipal administration. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Political Science 201. Three hours credit. AMERICAN FOREIGN RELATIONS. (See History 302). CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES. (See History 303). BUSINESS LAW. (See Business Administration 302 and 303). 401. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION. A study of the principles, organ- ization, and procedures of public administration, with special attention to the location of authority, analyses of objectives, and the problems of re- sponsible bureaucracy. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Political Science 201. Three hours credit. 402. THE SUPREME COURT AND THE CONSTITUTION. A de- tailed analysis of the Supreme Court's interpretation of federal government, due process of law, the protection of civil liberties, the police power, inter- state commerce, and the executive power. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Political Science 201. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 403. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. A study of contemporary world politics with special attention to the problems of post-war reconstruction and efforts to achieve collective security and a new world order. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Political Science 201. Three hours credit. 86 404. INTERNATIONAL LAW. A study by the case method of the na- ture and scope of the rules governing the conduct of states with one another during peace, war and neutrality. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, Political Science 201. Three hours credit. PSYCHOLOGY The psychology courses aim to acquaint the student with the facts and laws of behavior, especially human behavior, and with the experimental and scientific approach to this field. These courses aim to give the student background preparation for professions which relate to individual and group behavior. 101. PERSONAL ADJUSTMENT. An applied course dealing with the fundamentals of the adjustment process with emphasis on the adjustment of the student to college. Reading and study, social development, voca- tional selection, personal efficiency, and the problems of emotional and spiritual growth will be given special consideration. Three class hours per week. Three hours credit. 201. GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY. A brief study of the nervous system, sensory processes, and the physiological drives in behavior. Textbook, lectures, readings, and experiments. Three class hours per week. Three hours credit. 203. EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY. A survey of the general psy- chological principles as applied to learning and the development of per- sonality. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, Psychology 201. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 204. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. The behavior of the individual with reference to the group. Social factors in personality, such as imitation, suggestion, attitudes, ideals, etc. Reciprocal effect of group behavior on the individual. Three class hours per week. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 205. HUMAN RELATIONS. A study of the social and psychological interaction of people with emphasis upon the conditions for, and diagnosis of, harmonious relations. Basic study materials are cases drawn from 87 everyday experiences, supplemented by selected readings from a wide variety of sources. Class discussions, reports, few lectures. Three class hours per week. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 206. GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY. A continuation of Psychology 201 for students specializing in Psychology. Three class hours per week. Three hours credit. 209. VOCATIONAL AND OCCUPATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY. To ac- quaint students with the problems of vocational choice and placement, factors in occupational adjustment, classifying occupations, methods of studying occupations and occupational fields, methods of studying workers and prospective workers, occupational information for guidance purposes, occupational trends in the United States, the handicapped worker. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, Psychology 201. Three hours credit. 301. INDUSTRIAL PSYCHOLOGY. The application of the principles to vocational guidance, problems of personality, problems of employment, advertising, the professions, and physical efficiency. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, Psychology 201. Three hours credit. 302. ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY. A general survey of the principal forms of mental abnormalities with emphasis upon symptoms, causes, and treatment. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, two courses in Psychology. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 303. MENTAL HYGIENE. Technique for diagnosing personality, study of personality. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, three hours in Psychology. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 304. STATISTICS. Numerical trends, curve, index, correlations, inter- pretation of charts and graphs. Three class hours per week. Three hours credit. 88 308. CHILD PSYCHOLOGY. Aims to study the behavior from birth to maturation; principles in harmony with normal, wholesome development of childhood; consideration of intellectual, emotional, social, physical, and vocational adjustments of youth. Three class hours per week. Three hours credit. 401. TESTS AND MEASUREMENTS. Practical survey course of the field of tests, and measurements; deals with development of tests, principles involved in construction, administration, uses, and misuses of tests in school, industry, and court. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, General and Educational Psychology. Three hours credit. 402. SYSTEMATIC PSYCHOLOGY. A study of the various theories of Psychology, with regard to their agreements and conflicts. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, three hours in Psychology. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1931. RELIGION 101. THE LIFE AND TEACHINGS OF JESUS. An exegetical ap- proach to the life and teachings of Jesus according to the Gospel of Luke and its historical background. A comparison of the other synoptic gospels in an effort to give an integrated life of the Master will be considered. A relationship of His teachings to the present day will be considered. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 102. THE LITERATURE OF THE NEW TESTAMENT. A general survey of the literature of the New Testament with the acts of the Apostles considered as the basic source followed and integrated by the writings of Paul. The literature will be studied in both the historical and literary approach with reference to dates, background, authorship, and general teaching. The student not only will know Paul as a dynamic personality but also will become acquainted with the beginning of the Christian church. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 103. THE LITERATURE OF THE OLD TESTAMENT. A survey of the most important works of the Old Testament concerning the nature of authorship and the general teaching of these books. Each book will be studied as a unit with emphasis upon its relation to Hebrew History and to the evolution of Christianity. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 89 203. THE PROPHETS. A consideration of the prophetic movement in Israel beginning with the pre-literary prophets and including the works of Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, Jeremiah, and the prophets of the Restoration. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 207. COMPARATIVE RELIGION. A comparative study of the re- ligious beliefs and practices of mankind as they are represented in the living religions of the present day. An attempt will be made to discuss the ethical effects of the religions which are peculiar to those studied. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 209. GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF RELIGIOUS EDUCA- TION. A survey of the entire field of religious education will be made in its growth and development, including Judaism, Graeco-Roman, and Chris- tian education, paralleling the history of the Church, with particular em- phasis upon the period from Luther to the present. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 222. CONTEMPORARY RELIGIONS IN AMERICA. A study of the religious life in the United States with special reference to the Protestant church, but also including the Roman Catholic church, Judaism, and the sects. Members of various religious groups will be invited to present their views to the class. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 301. METHOD AND TRAINING EXPERIENCE. A consideration of the problems of organizing a curriculum, techniques of teaching, and lead- ership training. There will be actual supervision of training experience in the churches of the immediate vicinity, in both observation and participa- tion in the educational work in an effort to give the student practical experience. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 304. THE BIBLE AS LITERATURE. A study of the Psalms, the Book of Job, and other selected portions of the Bible with special em- phasis upon their literary value. The spiritual significance of this litera- ture of the Old Testament will be emphasized. Three hours lecture per week. Three hours credit. 90 SCIENCE The aim of these courses is to give the student not entering the scien- tific field a background of some of the more important laws, theories, and methods of the physical and biological sciences operating in the universe and their effect on mankind. Science 101-102 satisfies the science credit for graduation, but may not be counted toward any science minor or major. 101. SCIENCE I. Survey course in the principles of the Physical Sciences, emphasizing the scientific method. Three hours of lecture per week. Three hours of credit. 102. SCIENCE II. A continuation of Science I emphasizing the Biologi- cal Sciences. Three hours of lecture per week. Three hours of credit. SECRETARIAL SCIENCE 105-106. ELEMENTARY SHORTHAND. See Business 105-106. 107-108. ELEMENTARY TYPEWRITING. See Business 107-108. 114. BUSINESS COMPUTATIONS. See Business 114. 115. BUSINESS COMPUTATIONS. See Business 115. 116-117. BOOKKEEPING. See Business 116-117. 205. BUSINESS CORRESPONDENCE. See Business 205. 210-211. ADVANCED SHORTHAND. See Business 210-211. 212-213. ADVANCED TYPEWRITING. See Business 212-213. 214. MEDICAL SHORTHAND. See Business 214. 222. OFFICE PRACTICE. See Business 222. 331-332. ADVANCED SHORTHAND. See Business 331-332. 335-336. ADVANCED TYPING. See Business 335-336. 421-422. OFFICE PRACTICE. See Business 421-422. SOCIOLOGY The courses in sociology are designed to give students an understanding of human relationships, institutions and the social processes; to familiarize students with the nature and causes of social problems; to equip the student with basic courses for continuing advanced work in various fields of social study. 101-102. INTRODUCTORY SOCIOLOGY. A study of the genesis and development of human society including the following topics: the origins of man and human culture; primitive society and institutions; the origins 91 of modern society; factors influencing the shaping of society including the physiographic, biological, and psychological; the cultural factors in social life; mores and folkways; and social organization and control. Three class hours per week. Three hours credit per semester. 201. SOCIAL PROBLEMS. A survey of certain problems of the con- temporary social order including the following: culture area concept; social ecology of a city; adaptive lag; socialized education; the social hazards of modern industrial life; social changes and social problems caused by wide- spread use of motor transportation, automatic machinery, the movies, the radio, the shortened working week; urbanization of population; Social Security Act; unemployment; mothers' pensions; concept of the biological lag; illegitimacy; the meaning and social significance of modern city plan- ning: social settlements; social effects of the labor movement. Three class hours per week. Three hours credit. 202. MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY. A study of the background and contemporary aspects of the modern American family covering the following topics: cultural backgrounds of the modern family; historical phases of the modern family; contemporary problems — biological, economic, and psychological; family disintegration and reorganization. Three class hours per week. Three hours credit. 204. SOCIAL PATHOLOGY. A survey of the more serious pathological maladjustments of contemporary American society. Among the problems studied are: causes, social results, and treatment of poverty; drug addic- tion; alcoholism; mental disease; mental deficiency; prostitution; vaga- bondage; sickness, blindness and deafness; neglected children; disablement; and old age. One or more preliminary courses in Sociology desirable, though not required. Three class hours per week. Three hours credit. 209. BUSINESS SOCIOLOGY. The place of business in the modern world; its relation to other institutions; social problems and human rela- tions within business and industry. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisite, open to all Business Administration majors; others by consent of instructor only. Three hours credit. 302. EDUCATIONAL SOCIOLOGY. The aims, goals, and purposes of education as interpreted from the sociological viewpoint. Topics to be con- sidered are: the nature and function of Educational Sociology; the indi- vidual and the social group, its educational implications; the development 92 of the social personality; the school as a social institution; the home and education; the community and education; problems of improvement of the teaching service; educational objectives as viewed from society's needs; educational guidance; discipline and moral education. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, 3 semester hours of Sociology. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. 401. CRIMINOLOGY. An introductory course including the following: the nature of crime; causes and factors in crime and delinquency; crime and delinquency as affected by environmental factors; criminal detention and court procedure; the punishment of crimes; the prison method of pun- ishment; parole and pardon; reformation and prevention of crime. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, 6 semester hours of Sociology. Three hours credit. 402. RACIAL AND MINORITY PROBLEMS. A study of the adjust- ments which the minority racial and national groups in our population are making to the social, economic, and religious patterns of our contemporary culture. Also, the contributions which these groups are making and have made to the culture patterns in the United States. Among the groups studied are: the Indian, the Negro, the French-Canadian, the Finns, the Polish, the Irish, the Chinese, Japanese, and Filipinos. The Alien Regis- tration Act 1940 and immigration and naturalization requirements are given attention. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, 6 semester hours of Sociology. Three hours credit. SPANISH A major in Spanish consists of 24 hours beyond Spanish 12. A minor consists of 18 hours. 11-12. BEGINNING. Fundamentals of pronounciation and grammar; practice in reading, conversation, and composition. Three class hours per week. Three hours credit per semester. 101-102. INTERMEDIATE. Review of grammar. Study of modern texts; outside readings and reports; practice in conversation and composi- tion. Three class hours per week. Prerequiste, 11-12 or equivalent. Three hours credit per semester. 201-202. ADVANCED. Reading of Golden Age and modern texts; out- side readings and reports. Study of principal literary movements and civilization. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, 101-102 or equivalent. Three hours credit per semester. 203-204. COMMERCIAL. Study of business letters and practice in writ- ing replies. Business terminology and trade relations with Spanish-speak- ing countries, dictation of typical business material. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, 101-102 or equivalent. Three hours credit per semester. 301-302. ADVANCED GRAMMAR. Spanish style illustrated by read- ing representative modern authors. Difficult points of grammar and usage studied. Drill on idioms and verb forms of high frequency. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, 201-202, 203-204 or equivalent. Three hours credit per semester. 303-304. CONVERSATION. Not offered in 1950-1951. 401-402. SURVEY. A study of representative works from the earliest monuments to modern times. Analysis of the texts and their relations to other literatures. Introduction to graduate methods of research and preparation. Three class hours per week. Required of all majors. Prerequisite, 301-302 or equivalent. Three hours credit per semester. 415-416. STUDIES IN LITERATURE. Special studies for majors. Conference hours and reports to be arranged. Prerequisite, 401-402. SPEECH 101. PUBLIC SPEAKING. Development of assurance in public appear- ance through impromptu and extemporaneous speaking. Attention to pos- ture, pronunciation, enunciation, voice, and grammatical construction. Voice recordings to enable students to hear their own voices and correct their own faults. Three hours class per week. Three hours of credit. 102. PUBLIC SPEAKING. An advanced study of persuasive speaking, with practice in the organization and presentation of material to fit vary- 94 ing specific audiences. Study of effective techniques in delivery. Voice recordings. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, Speech 101. Three hours of credit per semester. 201. RADIO SPEECH. Voice and Diction. Introduction to the speech phase of radio. Time devoted exclusively to functional radio speech activ- ity. Microphone practice, criticisms, periodic voice recordings, interpre- tation of radio dramatic material with emphasis on convincing character- ization. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, three hours of speech. Three hours credit. 202. RADIO SPEECH. Radio Production. A continuation of the voice and diction work of Radio Speech 201 plus that phase of radio which has to do with preparing and presenting programs on the air. Three class hours per week. Prerequisite, Speech 201. Three hours credit. 802-303. PLAY PRODUCTION. Fundamentals of acting, stage design, costume, and make-up. Lecture and laboratory work with final goal pro- duction of plays. Three hours credit per semester. 95 SUMMARY OF STUDENTS Summer Session 1949 College Enrollment Arts and Science 120 Business Administration 65 Total 185 Fall Semester 1949 Arts and Science 421 Business Administration 245 Pre-Engineering 42 Secretarial and Medical Secretarial 37 Laboratory Technology 7 Art 4 Music 8 Nurses (34) and Special Students (14) 48 Total 812 Total Fall and Summer Sessions 997 Less Duplications 142 Total 855 INDEX Accrediting 3 Administrative Staff 8 Admission Requirements 39 Advance Standing 41 Aim 16 Application Procedure 39 Art 23,51,56 Athletics 36 Attendance 43 Audio-Visual Services 20 Biology 44,57 Board of Directors 6 Board of Directors Standing Committees 7 Buildings 17 Business Administration 48,59 Calendar 4 Chemical Engineering 52 Chemistry 44,65 Clarke Memorial 18 College, the Location and History 15 College Publications 35 Contents, Table of 5 Courses of Instruction 55 Art 56 Biology 57 Business Administration 59 Chemistry 65 Drawing 67 Economics 68 English 69 French 71 German 72 Greek 73 History 73 Mathematics 76 Music 78 Philosophy 82 Physical Education 83 Physics 84 Political Science 85 Psychology 87 Religion 89 Science 91 Secretarial Science 91 Sociology 91 Spanish 93 Speech 94 Cultural Influences 34 Curriculum Information 39 Degrees 15,44 Directors, Board of 6 Directors, Committees of 7 Discipline 38 Discounts 25 Dismissal 35,38,43 Divisions *>5 Dormitories 17 Drawing 67 Economics 44, 68 English 44,52 Expenses 21 Faculty 8 Fees 22 Financial Information 21 Fraternities 36 French 71 Freshmen, Provisions for 33 General Information 15 German 72 Grading System 42 97 INDEX — Continued Graduation Requirements 44 Grounds and Buildings 17 Guidance 40 Gymnasium 17 Health 36 History 15 Infirmary Service 37 Library 19 Loans 26 Mathematics 44,76 Medical Secretarial 53 Music 23,53,78 Organ 53,80 Payments, Terms of 23,24 Philosophy 82 Physical Education 83 Physical Examination 37 Physics 84 Piano 53,80 Placement Service 41 Political Science 85 Prizes 31 Probation 43 Programs for Study 47 Suggested Curriculum for A.B. & B.S. Degree 47,48 Business Administration 48 Pre-Dentistry 49 Pre-Engineering 52 PAGE Pre-Law 50 Pre-Medicine 50 Art 51 Laboratory Technology 52 Secretarial Science 54 Medical Secretarial 53 Music 53 Psychology 87 Recreation 36 Regulations 38 Religion 89 Religious Tradition 33 Resident Student Life 38 Rich Hall 17 Scholarships 26,27 Secretarial Medical 53 Secretarial Science 54,91 Self-Help 26 Sociology 91 Spanish 93 Speech 94 Suspension 24 Student Activities 35 Student Government 34 Student Life 33 Students, Classification of 42 Student Publications 35 Students, Summary of 96 Table of Contents 5 Terminal Education 40 Veterans, Provisions for 41 Violin 53,81 Voice 53,81 98 BULLETIN Lycoming College SUPPLEMENT TO THE OFFICIAL BULLETIN JANUARY 1950 ISSUE ACCREDITATION Lycoming College is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools, The Pennsylvania State Department of Education, and the University Senate of the Methodist Church. THE CHURCH WORKERS' COURSE Introduction Lycoming College is proud to announce the Church Workers' Course through this supplement to the Official Bulletin. Applica- tions for admission to this course are now being received. The need for more young people trained to aid the pastor in per- forming his many and varied duties has become more and more evident during the past several years. Encouraged by the success of a two year program on the Junior College level a few years ago, Lycoming College has developed a four year curriculum leading to the Bachelor of Science Degree. The course is organized to insure a depth and breadth of general cultural education, the essentials of religious education, and a major in a field of desired specialization. The program is flexible enough to allow a student to seek training for a definite position in a specific church if desired. If training for a specific position is not desired, the student may elect, in consultation with his faculty adviser, a program which will best suit his or her needs. For example, this course is ideally suited for young women desiring to prepare themselves for homemaking. Purpose The major objective of this course * is to prepare young men and women to assist pastors in carrying out the work of the church. This will include an understanding of the educational task of the local church as it helps growing persons to live more effectively as Chris- tians. To this end special emphasis will be placed on (a) under- standing growth as a process of becoming; (b) acquainting the stu- dents with Judaic-Christian tradition as expressed in the Bible, in the great music of the church, and in the history of religious educa- tion; (c) examining the materials, procedures, and organization of present day Christian religious education; and (d) providing practi- cal experience under competent supervision. •Students desiring to study for the ministry should enroll in the Pre- Ministerial Course. Courses of Study Included in the Program Art Public Speaking Dramatics and Pageantry Religious Education English Religion and Bible History Science Music Secretarial Studies Philosophy Sociology Physical Education Training Experience Psychology Interdepartmental Majors Young people entering this course may major in Religious Train- ing and Music, Religious Training and Secretarial Science, or Re- ligious Training and Social Studies. Provision for Training Experience Opportunity for practical experience is offered during the later years of the course through a cooperating program with the local churches and social agencies. Through this program young people are able to gain valuable experience under supervision. Admission Requirements A candidate for admission must be of good moral character and show evidence of ability and preparation. The usual evidence of preparation is a certificate showing satisfactory completion of 15 units of high school work or its equivalent as follows: English History Math Science Electives B.S. Degree 3 (4 years) 1 1 Algebra 1 8 1 Plane Geo. Applicants ranking in the upper three-fifths of their high school class or presenting a certificate showing all grades of college certifi- cate value may be admitted without examination. Candidates for entrance who do not meet the above requirements may be accepted upon making a satisfactory score on an aptitiude test. Cost of the Course Tuition — yearly (Normal Schedule) $350.00 Board and Room — yearly, Women 550.00 yearly, Men 518.00 Registration Fee* — Payable with Application for Admission (Does not apply to main bill) 10.00 Activities Fee — Boarding Students 25.00 Day Students 20.00 Other fees such as Room Deposit Fee, Breakage Fee, Laboratory Fees, or the like are charged as they apply (See catalogue, Page 22). * Not refundable if accepted for admission. Application Procedure Complete application forms for admission to Lycoming College may be obtained from the Director of Admissions. These should be completed as directed and returned to the Admissions Office. RURAL SOCIOLOGY In cooperation with the Central Pennsylvania Conference, Ly- coming College announces the appointment of a faculty member who will counsel student accepted supply pastors for the rural churches of the Conference ; assist in other rural church work, and offer Rural Sociology at the college. ADDITIONAL FACULTY MEMBERS Henry H. Shissler, Director of Rural Training (1950) Assistant Professor of Sociology B.S., Millersville State Teachers College; S.T.B., Westminster Theologi- cal Seminary; M.Ed., Pennsylvania State College. ADDITIONAL COURSE OFFERINGS HISTORY 320. PENNSYLVANIA HISTORY. A history of Pennsylvania from its founding to the present day. All phases of life in the colony and com- monwealth are treated. This course is designed to meet the state require- ments for a teaching certificate. Three hours credit. Not offered 1950-1951. SOCIOLOGY 310-311. RURAL SOCIOLOGY. A study of the organization of rural life and of the problems of American rural communities. Three hours credit per semester. 410. PASTORAL ACTIVITIES. A study of the techniques of public worship, preaching and other various functions associated with the average urban and rural church. Prerequisite, Sociology 310-311. Not offered 1950-1951. Three hours credit. 412. PASTORAL ADMINISTRATION. A study of the problems and methods of church organization and administration as they influence rural and urban communities. Prerequisite, Sociology 310-311. Not offered 1950-1951. Three hours credit.