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Full text of "Bulletin of the Garden Club of America"




Ex LlBEIS 

The Pennsylvania 
hoeticultueal society 




Ex LlBRIS 

The Pennsylvania 
hoeticultural society 



XTbe (Barren Club 

of Hmerica 

MRS. C. STUART PATTERSON 

Honorary President 
President Secretary and Treasurer 

MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN 

Chestnut Hill, Phila., Pa. Chestnut Hill, Phila., Pa. 

Vice-Presidents 

MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

Princeton, N. J. Lake Forest, III. 

MRS. ALFRED ELY MRS. FRANCIS KING 

New Milford, N. Y. Alma, Mich. 

The objecls of this association shall be to stimulate the knowledge and love of gardening 
among amateurs, to share the advantages of association, to aid in the protection of native plants 
and birds, and to encourage civic planting. 

This little sheet goes forth in the hope that it will be the means of 
bringing into closer touch the Clubs composing "The Garden Club of 
America." 'Tho widely separated, we are drawn together by our common 
love of gardening, and there is much that we can learn from one another. 

It is thought a Bulletin issued at first quarterly, will be of the greatest 
help, provided each club shares the responsibility by sending to the Secretary, 
from time to time, reports of what it is doing. 

It is proposed to publish in each Bulletin, a paper written by a member 
of one of the Clubs. 

A Question and Answer Column. 

A list of interesting Lectures, with charges for the same. 

A list of attractive Gardens in this country and abroad that may be 
seen. 

A word about new Plants and old ones. 

Valuable information concerning Fertilizers for Roses and other 
Plants. Also remedies which have been found efficacious in dest^ipg 
the many enemies of the Garden. 

At the first meeting of "The Garden Club of America," a motion was 
made and carried, that the Club should take the following subjects for 
consideration during the first year: "The Structural Use of Green in 
Gardens and Grounds;" "Grass;" and "Forestry." Reports on these 
subjects will be due at the annual meeting in May, and it is hoped every 
Club will contribute something on at least one of these subjects. 



g?U« 



Gbe (Built) of tbe (Barfceners 



Full many gardeners work with me 

In my little patch of ground ; 
And I welcome the buzz of each blundering bee 
As laden with pollen his road I see ; 

From flower to flower he's found. 

Sir Toad and Sir Snake their castle make 

In the roots of my blossom there, 
And each doth his toll of the insects take, 
And each I cherish for blossom's sake, 

As we league in the Garden's care. 

A wood thrush dwells in my neighbour's tree, 

And sings us an evening song; 
A right good gardener, too, is he, 
Many a grub do his sharp eyes see 

And he feasts where the insects throng. 

Many the hours we spend at our ease, 

Busy with garden love, 
I and the birds and the buzzing bees, 
I and the flowers, I and the trees, 

Learning yet more and more. 

And will you enter the Gardener's Guild? 

*Tis a Brotherhood must be won. 
You must serve humbly at Nature's knees, 
Willing to learn what Nature please, 

At toil in the wind and sun. 

Oh, The Guild of the Gardeners! are you one? 

'Tis under an ancient sign. 
'Tis a League of the lovers of air and sun, 
And of God's fresh breeze, and of work well done, 

Thank God that its mark is mine. 

BEULAH H. J. WOOLSTON 



The Mother of Garden Clubs sends friendly greetings to all her 
children, far and near. 

May we all live long and prosper, never losing our ideals, nor the 
hope that our blessed garden children may SURVIVE and SURMOUNT 
mildew and blight, the canker worm and the caterpillar, and the mighty 
army of foes always lying in wait. Let our watchword be "Eternal 
Vigilance,"and henceforth Mother Nature will surely be good to us and in 
due season rejoice our expectant hearts. 

ELLEN STUART PATTERSON 



Questions an& answers 

The following questions have been sent to us and we shall be glad 
to receive answers for the next Bulletin. 

1. Why do Wistaria Vines not bloom? 

2. Why do Paeonies not bloom? 

Why are the Darwin Tulips a failure after the first season? 

k M-r-rlll — II 

To show what the Clubs are doing, we quote from a notice sent to 
each member of The Garden Club of Cleveland in May, 1913: 

s 

"After an experience of one year, I recommend: 

" 1 . Increase of dues. 

"2. Membership enlarged to seventy-five. 

"3. Junior Clubs encouraged. 

"4. Rotation in Office. 

"5. Definite times of meeting. 

"6. A class in Garden Design to be arranged if possible, under Mr. 
Ellrob Peets, Instructor in Landscape Art at Harvard, and who will be in 
- > Cleveland for the month of June. 

"7. That from eight to ten lectures a year on Garden or Nature 
subjects be given at the School of Art. Pupils in the classes in decorative 
design to be guests. 



"8. That no fee be paid to representatives of Seedsmen or Nurserymen 
who may lecture before the Garden Club. 

"9. That a representative of each of the Western Clubs, especially 
Mrs. Francis King of the Michigan Club, be invited to our first annual 
meeting, to discuss this question of lectures. 

" 1 0. That the Garden Club offer 'Garden Club Prizes' to the Hor- 
ticultural Shows, the Daffodil Show and the Home Gardening Shows." 



The Secretary of The Weeders, Pa., writes: "We started 'Children's 
School Gardens' in this neighborhood and with 'The Gardeners,' held at the 
Merion Cricket Club, on May 28th, 1910, the First Main Line Flower 
Show, to raise money for the School Gardens in Ardmore and Bryn Mawr. 
We were also the first Garden Club to join the State Federation and have 
taken active interest in the beautification of Main Line slum districts. At 
each meeting of our Club, papers are read and a lecture is given, and each 
year we have an Exchange Meeting — not of ideas, but plants." 



MRS. ELY writes: " 'The Garden Club of Orange and Dutchess 
Counties,' now numbering twenty-two ardent gardeners, held its first meeting 
yesterday at Mrs. George William Douglas's lovely place at Tuxedo, a 
number of the members driving forty miles each way. 

"All are most enthusiastic and hope that the Club will prove worthy 
of admittance to 'The Garden Club of America' in the coming spring." 

Should we not be proud? 



The "Repertoire de Couleurs" is imported by Stechert, of New York, 
at $6.40 a copy. 



Zhc <3ar6en Club 

of america 

OCTOBER 1913 No. II 

Honorary President 
MRS. C. STUART PATTERSON 
President Secretary and Treasurer 

MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN 

Chestnut Hill, Phila., Pa. Chestnut Hill, Phila., Pa. 

Vice-Presidents 

MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

Princeton, N. J. Lake Forest, 111. 

MRS. ALFRED ELY MRS. FRANCIS KING 

New Milford, Conn. Alma, Mich. 



The objects of this association shall be to stimulate the knowledge and love of gard- 
ening among amateurs, to share the advantages of association, to aid in the protection of native 
plants and birds, and to encourage civic planting. 



'The Beds we in October should disclose, 
And on the floor the Bulbous roots expose 
To th' air, that the Sun's rays may then attract 
That moisture which in Summer they contract 
By lying under ground; thus purg'd and clean, 
After some time they may be set agen. 
And better to resist the Winter's cold, 
They must be deeply buried in the mould." 

— Rapin. 



planting of Bulbs in the ©pen, according to 
tbe Best Hutborities 

Plant all bulbs in well-drained, good garden soil enriched by bone 
meal. Never let fresh manure come in contact with the bulbs. Lilies 
will do better if the soil has mixed with it either leaf mould or Jersey 
peat. When planting set the bulbs, if possible, on little cushions of 
sand and also drop a little sand over them before covering them with 
the earth. 

Plant. 

Daffodils and Narcissus, 4 to 6 inches deep, 4 to 8 inches apart. 

Snowdrops and Crocus, 3 inches deep, .5 to j6 inches apart. 



Hyacinths, 6 inches deep, 5 to 6 inches apart. 
Tulips, 4 to 5 inches deep, 5 to 6 inches apart. 
English Iris and Spanish Iris, 3 inches deep and 4 inches apart. 
Lilium Auratum, 1 inches deep. 
All other Lilies, 8 inches deep. 

Lilium Candidum should be planted in August and not later 
than September 15th. 



Some Suggestions for £ulip*G3roupings or 
Combinations witb ©tber flowers 

MRS. FRANCIS KING, Michigan Garden Club 

Tulip Bouton d'Or among such Oncocyclus Irises as Isis and 

Helen. 

Tulip Le Reve with Mertensia Virginica. 

Tulips Purple Perfection, Vitellina, and Innocence to be planted 
below lilac Ludwig Spaeth. 

Tulips President Lincoln with Tulips Mrs. Collier and Doctor 
Hardy. 

Tulip The Fawn among groups of hydrangea arborescens. 

A beautiful arrangement seen this season was the following: Iris 
Germanica Queen of May, tall dark purple-blue lupin, iris Madame 
Chereau, Oriental poppies Mary Studholme and Mrs. Perry. This 
might be called a close harmony, delightfully subtle and original. 

Tulips retroflexa grandiflora, Brunnhilde, and White Hawk, 
with hyacinth Lord Derby, or hyacinth Holbein. 



paper TKHbite IRarcissi Grown in Sanfc anfc> 
pebbles 

MRS. CHARLES T. CRESSWELL, Philadelphia 

The bulbs may be started as early as the 1st of October. Place 
them quite close together in a shallow bowl, which will hold about 
2 or 3 inches of water. First put about x /z an inch of sand or fine 
gravel in the bowl, then the bulbs are to be placed on that, and small 
pebbles added until not much more than the long sprout is out, show- 
ing above the pebbles. Then fill up with water, just enough to show 
on top of pebbles and put the bowl at once in a window where it will 
get full sunlight. When the bulbs are rooted and the shoots about an 
inch high, water them with Dreer's plant food or Bonora or any other 
fertilizer of that nature, dilute according to directions on the box, 
or at the time of planting a little bonemeal can be put in the bowl 



with the sand. When the flowers start to open take them from the 
sunny window and put them in a shady one, as they will remain in 
bloom much longer than if left in the sun. Fill up the bowl with 
water every second day, but never have water more than just covering 
the pebbles. Plant several bowls every two weeks, which will insure 
a succession of bloom. The first bulbs planted will take about six 
weeks before coming into bloom, and as the season advances the length 
of time between planting and blooming becomes less, toward Spring 
being reduced to two weeks only. 

The reserve stock of bulbs for future planting must be kept in a 
dry, dark place quite cool, but not freezing, or they will deteriorate. 
After the bulbs have bloomed they may be taken out of the bowls and 
dried and planted out of doors, where they will bloom the second year, 
but they will never do for forcing again. The sand and pebbles may be 
used over and over again indefinitely. 

It is not necessary to fertilize the bulbs more than once. Bowls 
or dishes holding about 25 bulbs are the most satisfactory, as the 
effect is much better when in bloom. The bulbs may be placed so 
close that they touch each other, without harming them, although all 
seedsmen advise allowing several inches air space around each bulb, 
but this treatment gives a very poor effect when in bloom and does not 
give any better results than the close planting. 



♦«***n«M*B»i 



Some XKHinter Beligbts 

MISS MARY EVANS, The Weeders, Pennsylvania 

On a beautiful day in October, when one is seated in the garden 
drinking in every vestige of color which seems to run riot over the 
many gorgeous blossoms, which still linger in garden and woodland in 
spite of coming cold, the heart of the gardener grows sad with the 
thought that only too soon all this beauty will be laid bare, and the 
days which follow will be long and dreary, because old man Winter will 
come to claim his own, hiding these which are so dear to the gardener 
under his old brown cloak, which is so hard and rude. 

But quickly to our minds comes the relief, brightening the sadness 
as the picture of many sunlit windows, bright with many pots of 
ferns, bulbs of every kind, and potted plants of our choice, making 
gay the gray days to come, and to help in the festive tide of Christmas. 
We should take great pains to have our Winter garden as gay as possible, 
for it is surprising what may be done with only a few bulbs as well as a 
great many, so in making up our list we should keep this season in view, 
both in choice and time of planting. 

Among the first on our list is the dainty little Roman or Dutch 
miniature Hyacinth of pale colors, mostly white, which bloom by 



Christmas, too, if planted by the middle of September. Five or six 
of these bulbs in a 6-inch pot or pan makes a very pretty center piece 
for the dinner table or living room, if the pot is put in a green pottery 
bowl or basket which comes for the purpose. 

The large Hyacinths are more brilliant in color, and being much 
heavier should be placed in a 1 0- or 1 2-inch pot, six to eight bulbs to 
a pot, as they make a much finer show than when planted snugly or in 
glass vases — when they are grown in water, and they bloom in late 
January. 

Next the Tulip in all the richest shades possible, from palest pink 
and yellow to gorgeous reds and gold. These are sometimes covered 
with little green lice, which destroys both flower and leaf, but if one is 
lucky and has the patience, they repay the trouble and care spent on 
them by their beautiful display of color. By the time the Tulips are 
nearly over, and the Winter far advanced, comes the greatest treat of 
the Winter's garden — the Daffodils, in all their glory — their stately 
heads held high, and their bright dresses flashing in the sunlight, mak- 
ing glad the darkest days of Winter. Emperor goes hand in hand 
with Empress, as is natural, both in size and color and length of bloom, 
their graceful heads held quite a foot and a half above the smooth 
pointed pale green leaves, coming into flower in the middle of Feb- 
ruary, and lasting until March has all but blown itself out. 

Though these two named varieties are more expensive than the 
others, they will repay the extra amount spent on them in their return 
of such wonderful flowers. The hoop petticoat variety are an earlier 
kind, dainty and pleasing in color and shape, making a prettier arrange- 
ment for the table, as they are not so tall as the other kinds. The Daf- 
fodils end the season of Winter flowering bulbs, making a fitting finish 
to a rainbow, which has started in pale ribbons of softest hues, until it 
ends in a glorious band of brilliant gold. 

As to the culture of bulbs for the home, the first point to be ob- 
served is starting with good bulbs. Do not buy the cheapest, simply 
because they are cheap, but rather have half the number in good ones, 
thereby securing good and better blooms, instead of a lot of cheap ones 
which only produce poor plants and flowers. 

If the bulbs are to be grown in earth, first see that the pots or 
pans are nicely cleaned on the inside and out. If old ones are used, 
then fill the bottom, or rather place two or three bits of broken pots or 
stones in the bottom of the pot for drainage. Then fill up half way 
with good clean fine earth taken from old hotbeds or seedbeds, mixed 
with a little sand to lighten it and a little sheep manure to enrich it. 
Place the bulbs close together, six, if not too large, to a 6-inch pot, or 
ten to a 1 2-inch pot. This rule must, of course, vary with the size 
of the bulb. After placing them, being careful to turn the pointed end 
of the bulb out, so that when the flowers come out their heads are 
turned out instead of in. Fill up to the brim, carefully taking pains to 



firm the earth around the bulbs, cover with coal ashes, if the pots are 
to be left outside in the garden, to keep them from the light. Leave 
them there until cold weather is fairly started, when they should be 
put in the cellar where it is not too hot or too light, some dark corner 
or in a closet, where they should remain until they are well rooted. 
Then bring them up into the room where they are to bloom, keeping 
them away from the direct light until the leaves are a good height. Do 
not let the flower buds appear until the leaves are well up, 3 or 4 inches, 
as the flowers blooming before will only be half developed and stunted 
in size. Little paper caps, cone shape, put over each bulb will prevent 
this, and force all the flowers up to the light at the same time and 
thereby make a more even display. 

And these little queer shapes which we plant with little faith, 
like the ugly duckling, turn into the most beautiful of flowers, cheering 
those who are filled with the cares of a busy world, or those who by 
hard fate are martyrs to their frail bodies are ever brightened by their 
presence, leaving their untiring efforts to gladden the hearts of men. 



Current Events 

The January Bulletin will be devoted to Birds, how to attract and 
keep them in our gardens in the Winter. Members are asked to send 
notes and to ask questions on the subject. Address all communica- 
tions to Mrs. J. Willis Martin, Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, Pa. 

A delightfully helpful book, "Success in Gardening," has just 
been published by Miss Jessie Frothingham, a member of the Garden 
Club of Princeton, in which she treats of work in the Flower Garden 
week by week, the first time attempted in any American book on the 
subject. A list is also given of reliable Nurseries and Seed Dealers 
with whom she has had personal experience. 

The Garden Club of Princeton has offered prizes for the best 
kept gardens in the smaller streets of Princeton. 

The Garden Club of Michigan has sent the following to its 
members : 

"The Executive Committee of the Garden Club of Michigan 
ask you as a member of the club to grow a few Daffodils of various 
kinds for next Spring's bloom. The object in view being a Club Daffodil 
Show in May, 1914. 

"A prize of a fine collection of Daffodil Bulbs has been offered 
for this occasion by a well-known Eastern grower. 

"Those competing should order bulbs now and plant them not 
later than October. As only three to five blooms of a given variety 



need be shown, it will be readily seen that purchases need not be on a 
large scale." 

The Garden Club of Cleveland held its Annual Flower Show 
at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Kenyon V. Painter, Shaker's 
Heights, June 25th. Mr. and Mrs. Painter had offered a silver lov- 
ing cup and a silver vase to be won annually for one year for Roses. 
A marble bench and a bird bath and gazing globe for garden flowers. 
There were from twenty to sixty entries in each class. The north 
porch was a glowing mass of color. 

The president, Mrs. Andrew Squire, announced the presentation 
to Mr. and Mrs. Painter by the Horticultural Society and others of its 
gold medal as an appreciation of such splendid encouragement of the 
true spirit of gardening in Cleveland. 

On June 19th the Garden Club of Philadelphia met at Mrs. 
B. Franklin Pepper's, Chestnut Hill, when the hostess offered prizes 
for a Flower Arranging Competition, which was judged by Mr. H. H. 
Battles, according to the following rules. Flowers must be arranged 
by a member of the club: 

Color combination counted 50 points. 

Form and direction 35 points. 

Shape of receptacle 15 points. 

There were 28 entries, and the first prize was awarded to Mrs. 
Frederick W. Taylor for basket filled with Hollyhocks, Delphiniums, 
Foxgloves and Hardy Phlox. 

The second prize was won by Mrs. Charles Piatt, Jr., for a white 
bowl of Canterbury Bells, Phlox, Gypsophila and Wild Grasses. 

fall jflower Sbows 

Chrysanthemum Society of America. 

The twelfth annual exhibition of the Chrysanthemum Society of 
America will be held this year at Chicago in co-operation with the 
Horticultural Society of Chicago and the Chicago Florists' Club, at the 
Art Institute, November 5th to 7th. 

Lenox Horticultural Society. 
Fall Show, October 22d to 23d. 

Horticultural Society of New York. 

Annual Fall Show, American Museum of Natural History, New 
York, October 3 1 st to November 4th. 



American Institute, New York. 

Chrysanthemum Show, November 5 th to 7th. Engineering 
Building, 25-33 West Thirty-ninth Street. 

Chestnut Hill Horticultural Society. 

Fourteenth Annual Exhibition at Saint Martins, Chestnut Hill, 
Philadelphia, November 3d and 4th. 

Pennsylvania Horticultural Society. 

Chrysantheum Show at Horticultural Hall, Philadelphia, Novem- 
ber 4th to 7th. 

foreign IRews 

France. 
Bagatelle Rose Exhibition. 

At the interesting Spring Rose Exhibition at Bagatelle, in Paris, 
60 of the 136 new Roses of 1912 were presented for competition. 
Medals were awarded in the following order: 

Bagatelle gold, medal, for French roses, to the variety Madame 
Charles Lutaud, won by Pernet Ducher. A hybrid tea cross of an 
unnamed seedling and Marquise de Qinety; strong grower, branches 
stiff, not very thorny, ample, reddish, bronzy green foliage. The bud 
carried on a long stem, is elongated, carmine ochre. The flower very 
large, double and cup-shaped, is superb, of a medium chrome yellow 
color, lightly tinged with rose on the outer petals. 

Bagatelle gold medal for foreign roses, to the variety Mabel Drew, 
won by A. Dickson, of Newtownards, England. A hybrid tea, vig- 
orous, free-blooming. The long crest stem carries a very large, double 
flower, of perfect form, very fragrant, cream yellow, passing to intense 
canary when fully developed. 

Great Britain. 

The great Rose event of the year, the National Society's Metro- 
politan Exhibition, took place on July 4th in the Botanic Gardens, 
Regent's Park. 

Gold medals were awarded to the following new Roses: 

Queen Mary (H. T.), a very distinct bloom somewhat suggestive 
of the fragrant Juliet, but more globular in shape. The combination of 
bright pink with the pale golden reverse is enhanced by the golden 
center of the flower in this most delightful variety. Shown by Messrs. 
Alex. Dickson & Sons, Limited. 

Brilliant (H. T.), a very striking dark red variety; the centers 
of the broad, stout petals have a streak of purplish magenta, which is 



uncommonly effective. The young foliage is prettily tinted, and the 
blooms are borne on long, stout stems. Shown by Messrs. Hugh 
Dickson, Limited. 

Mrs. James Lynas (H. T.), the flowers of this fascinating Rose 
are large and pointed, the centers are of medium pink color, which 
fades so nearly white on the broad expanded petals. Shown by Messrs. 
Hugh Dickson, Limited. 



/IDembers of tbe (Baroen Club of Hmerlca 

The Garden Club of Ann Arbor, Michigan, Dr. A. S. Warthin, 

President. 
The Amateur Gardeners' Club, Baltimore, Miss Elizabeth L. Clark, 

President. 

The Bedford Garden Club, New York, Mrs. Frank Hunter Potter, 

President. 
The Garden Club of Cleveland, Ohio, Mrs. Andrew Squire, President. 
The Gardeners, Pennsylvania, Mrs. Benjamin Bullock, Jr., President. 
The Garden Club, Maryland, Miss Fanny K. McLane, President. 
The Garden Club of Illinois, Mrs. George Higginson, Jr., President. 

The Garden Club of Lenox, Massachusetts, Miss Gertrude Parsons, 
President. 

The Garden Club of Michigan, Mrs. Francis King, President. 

The Garden Club of Philadelphia, Mrs. C. Stuart Patterson, Presi- 
dent. 

The Garden Club of Princeton, N. J., Mrs. Archibald D, Russell, 
President. 

Short Hills Garden Club, New Jersey, Mrs. Edward B. Renwick, 
President. 

The Southampton Garden Club, Long Island, Mrs. Albert B. Board- 
man, President. 

The Garden Club of Trenton, New Jersey, Mrs. F. A. Perrine, Presi- 
dent. 

The Warrenton Garden Club, Virginia, Mrs. Samuel A. Appleton, 
President. 

The Weeders, Pennsylvania, Mrs. E. Lewis Burnham, President. 

Garden Club Consultants. 

Miss Beatrix Jones, Miss Elizabeth Leighton Lee, 

New York. Philadelphia. 



Zhc ($arben Club 

of Hmerica 

JANUARY 1914 No. Ill 



Honorary President 
MRS. C. STUART PATTERSON 
President Secretary and Treasurer 

MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN 

Chestnut Hill, Phila., Pa. Chestnut Hill, Phila., Pa. 

Vice-Presidents 

MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

Princeton, N. J. Lake Forest, 111. 

MRS. ALFRED ELY MRS. FRANCIS KING 

New Milford, N.Y. Alma, Mich. 



The objects of this association shall be to stimulate the knowledge and love of gard- 
ening among amateurs, to share the advantages of association, to aid in the protection of native 
plants and birds, and to encourage civic planting. 



Go an ©riole 

How falls it, oriole, thou hast come to fly 

In tropic splendor through our Northern sky? 

At some glad moment was it Nature's choice 

To dower a scrap of sunset with a voice? 

Or did some orange tulip, flaked with black, 

In some forgotten garden, ages back, 

Yearning toward Heaven until its wish was heard, 

Desire unspeakably to be a bird? — Edgar Farvcett. 

Tfldfnter jFoofc for Btrfcs 

ALICE R. CHAMBERLIN, Andalusia, Pennsylvania 

In feeding our native birds in the winter, two classes must be 
considered — those that feed on grubs and insects in the bark and 
crevices of trees, and those that feed on seeds. The first class, which, 
with me, includes the white-breasted nut-hatch, downy woodpecker, 
chickadee, tufted titmouse and several little creepers, is the least trouble 
and most interesting. For these, get about a foot square of 1 ^-inch 
mesh wire netting and cut off two corners, as per dotted lines in Fig. 1. 
Fasten this with the double tacks (Fig. 2) used for fastening wire 



netting, to the trunk of a tree, 1 to 20 feet from the ground. Attach 
it to the tree so as to form a three-cornered pocket, as shown in Fig. 3. 
Fill this with suet or scraps of meat fat of any kind. The suet 
is best, as it never freezes solid and the birds can always pick pieces 
from it. Lean meat is not good, as it becomes dry and hard. It will 
require about 3 pounds of fat to fill this basket at first; after that, chop 




Fig. 2 



•ig. 1 






Fig. 4 Fig. 3 

trimmings, etc., may be added at any time. The first season the birds 
will be shy about being watched, but the second year they will be very 
tame. This, of course, applies only to a tree very near a window in 
the house. 

For the seed-eating birds, I have found hemp seed the best. Buy- 
ing it from any seedsman in, say, 20- or 40-pound bags, it is very 
cheap, about 3 cents a pound, while at the bird store or grocer's it is 
1 cents a pound. Rice, samp, coarse oatmeal or cracked corn will 
do. The best place to scatter it is on a porch rooj, if not too sloping, 
as the birds are safer from cats while feeding. If possible, put the 
seed where it is a little sheltered from strong winds. 

In case of snow a place must be swept, or it can be scattered on 
the porch floor, but it is better to keep it in the same places as much 
as possible. During a continued snow or rain I use an empty wooden 
box (see Fig. 4), with the open end away from the wind, so that the 
snow cannot blow in. When the storm is over, it can be removed. 
In using hemp seed, do not be misled by empty hulls into thinking that 
there is still uneaten food. This class of birds includes the Juncos, 
cardinal grosbeaks, song sparrows, kinglets and purple finches. 



pentstemon Sensation ©loiinoifces 

HELENA RUTHERFURD ELY 

Every gardener rejoices upon finding a new plant that is simple 
of culture, is beautiful in form and color and has a prolonged period 
of bloom. 

Therefore, it was with great delight when, visiting a famous 
nursery about a year and a half ago, that I saw a large area of the 
Pentstemon Sensation Gloxinoides in bloom, producing a wonderful 
mass of color. 

The flower stalks of these plants are about 2 feet high; the 
gloxinia-like flowers are larger than the snap-dragon and form a spike 
from 8 to 1 2 inches long, in color ranging from white through the 
pinks to velvety maroon and bright scarlet, also from pale lavender to 
deep purple. The foliage is rather light green, clean and healthy, and 
the plants by mid-summer become over 1 8 inches in diameter. 

Burning with impatience to grow these new (at least to me) 
and lovely flowers, early in February I procured seeds from Dreer; 
they were sown at once in the hot-bed, transplanted when the little 
plants had four leaves into 4-inch pots, and by April again trans- 
planted to 6-inch pots. The 20th of May they were set out in a bed 
among the Picotee tulips that daily blushed a deeper hue, and before 
the tops of the tulips were cut the Pentstemon nearly covered the bed, 
and quite early in June began to send up sturdy flower stalks. 

Just at this time a fine professional gardener, a man educated 
in the great nurseries and upon estates in Germany, came to spend a 
day with me. Looking at the Pentstemon, he remarked what fine and 
healthy plants they were, and added that he had never been successful 
with them, because of a curious worm that appeared among the buds 
just as they were about to open and destroyed the flowers; he added 
that this wretched worm had resisted the attacks of all the insecticides 
he had used. 

Early the following morning the plants were sprayed with 
Bowker's pyrox, and the spraying repeated after three weeks. Whether 
because of the spraying or because this particular destroyer had not 
yet found his way to our distant country, the Pentstemons were free 
from all attack. They began to bloom about the middle of June and 
flowered abundantly until, the weather becoming cold, they were lifted 
on the 10th of November, the tops cut off, and they were planted in 



cold frames to await the spring, when they will be early started into 
growth, and should begin to bloom in May. 

This family of Pentstemons are tender perennials, and where the 
winter climate is severe should be treated in the same manner as the 
Salvia Azurea Grandiflore. 

Like the snap-dragons, they have voracious appetites, and we fed 
them every three weeks, alternating Bon Arbor and liquid manure. 
If lifted in the autumn and shaded for a few days, they would prob- 
ably flower through the winter in a greenhouse. 

We took cuttings the end of August from plants bearing the most 
beautiful flowers; they rooted well and are now thrifty plants, passing 
the winter in hotbeds. Once grown, it is best to perpetuate the Pent- 
stemons like the Petunias from cuttings, unless there is abundant space 
in the cold frames, the old plants being so large. 

When these Pentstemons have found a place in the garden they 
will surely be retained, not only because of their beauty when growing, 
but because of their quality for decorative purposes, lending themselves 
especially to the Japanese manner of arrangement 



Salisbury, England. "The Close." 
September 16, 1913. 
My dear : 

I had one of the most delightful afternoons of my life at Miss 
Jekyll's. Her house and setting are ideal, the pink and blue portions 
of her borders ravishingly beautiful. It is the gray that makes it so 
perfect, great masses of silvery gray, stachys, cineraria, catmint, 
lavender, centaurea, sage, etc., in much greater values than I had sup- 
posed, but it makes the picture perfect 

We use too many flowers in proportion to foliage. For the red 
portions of her great border I did not care. I have been all over 
England, and have seen thousands of gardens. I am more than ever 
optimistic about American gardens. We can have better ones, and 
less monotonous. Such frightful examples of red geranium bedding 
were never seen at home, even in Newport or Bar Harbor. And such 
color jumbles — a great mass of something in full bloom is the ideal 
(my own, you will say, come to judge me!), but no, no! I have 
seen billions of calceolarias, magenta, pentstemons, large flowering 
begonias, monstrous daisies and dahlias, horrible purplish-blue lobelias 



— all put together as the chief garden combination in use all over 
England, and the tree and shrub planting in the great places is the 
same all over the island — the same evergreens in the same combination. 

Of course, rural England is as lovely as ever it was, and so are 
the great parks, and the ensemble of cottages and cottage gardens as 
charming as ever, but a detailed analysis of it all makes one sure that 
the greater part of America — certainly Southern and Central Michi- 
gan — can be made as beautiful. But here is our task — the very first 
thing to do is to get Americans to love flowers as the English do, even 
the most common laborer. Then only can we make our country as 
beautiful as this. 

The Garden Club of America should start on an educational 
campaign; if it would, I am sure the greatest good could be accom- 
plished. But as far as garden material is concerned we can have it 
at home, of that I am convinced. 

Another thing, we certainly do not get the seeds and plants from 
American seedsmen that can be obtained here. I have attended a 
number of country and local flower shows. Such wonderful sweet 
peas, roses and dahlias are never mentioned in catalogues to which I 
have had access; and the Sutton's seeds I have obtained from Bod- 
dington do not turn out to be the varieties given here under the same 
name. 

Next to Miss Jekyll's garden, I have enjoyed most the borders 
at Hampton Court — color combinations just perfect, and such won- 
derful varieties. I have made a long list for the "Garden Magazine." 
The Rock Garden at Kew is very interesting, and in parts beautiful. 
It is the best of the thousands I have seen. They are all artificial — too 
rocky, if you ever saw the old-fashioned rockery, so fashionable along 
Mason and Dixon's line when I was a boy. We enjoyed the topiary 
yew garden at Parkwood House best of all. Around Birmingham 
there are a great many new houses and gardens, and many of these 
are charming. 

One thing more, Munstead Wood is a garden of odors and bees. 
I hope to have both. Miss Jekyll is going to send to the steamer some 
cuttings of a wonderful scented geranium; it scents the air for many 
feet. 

Very sincerely yours, 

Aldred Scott Warthin. 
(From the President of the Garden Club of Ann Arbor, Michigan.) 



IRational 0arfcert9 

It is proposed to establish a National Botanical Garden in Rocky 
Creek Park, Washington, D. C, which has among other advantages 
1000 acres available for this purpose, which will make it three times 
the size of Kew Gardens. 

When we read of the various national advantages carried out at 
Kew, also at the Jardin d'Acclimation at Paris, a reserve of several 
hundred acres in the Bois de Boulogne Park, 75 alone of which are 
devoted to acclimatizing foreign plants for useful and domestic purposes 
(as silkworms from all parts of the world, etc.), also of the advan- 
tages for popularizing and reintroducing American trees and shrubs 
that formerly have been neglected, as at the Arnold Arboretum (220 
acres near Boston), we appreciate the need of ample space and room 
for future expansion. In connection with this we are told by Mr. 
Fairchild, of the Bureau of Plant Industry in our Department of Agri- 
culture, that several farms, containing several hundred acres, are rented 
by our Government for experiments, and when new and valuable species 
are evolved there is at present no permanent place for securing them. 
These perfected plants and shrubs should have their permanent place 
in our National Botanical Garden. 



The American Rose Society 
Is making plans for Rose Test Gardens at Arlington Heights, Wash- 
ington, D. C, and has sent to the Secretary of Agriculture the fol- 
lowing letter: 

Dear SlR: The rose growers of America, as represented by 
their respective societies, feel the desirability of having at some accessible 
point as large a collection of rose species and varieties as will thrive at 
any one place. The advantages of such a collection would be the 
opportunity for study and comparison by those most interested, includ- 
ing growers and hybridizers, and the educational value to the general 
public. 

Feeling that the value of such a collection is not confined to com- 
mercial rose growers; that such a collection could be well fostered and 
maintained under the present organization and equipment of your 
department, and that the climate of Washington is favorable to the 
growth of a large number of varieties, we respectfully ask that a rose 



garden be established on the Arlington Farm under the care and super- 
vision of the Government. 

In order to co-operate as far as possible in establishing and main- 
taining such a garden, these societies will supply, free of cost to the 
Government, stock true to name, and provide funds for the labeling of 
the collection, the Government to supply the necessary land and labor 
for the cultivation and care of the collection. 

Questions 

1. What Annuals and Perennials last best when cut? 

2. What method has been found to make Wistaria vines and 
Paeonies bloom, when they have failed to do so for several years? 

Suggestions 

The Southampton Garden Club proposes that each club belong- 
ing to the Garden Club of America should offer prizes this spring or 
early summer for cottage gardens, details of the scheme to be printed 
in the April Bulletin. 

The Garden Club of Cleveland suggests that a definite subject 
for a paper and consequent discussion be given to every club for a 
fixed day in April and October — subjects such as "Spring Planting," 
"Wild Gardens," "Herbaceous Borders," or "Foliage in Gardens." 
After the reading of such papers before the club they are to be for- 
warded to the Secretary of the Garden Club of America, some of which 
papers will be published in the BULLETIN. 



The account, published in some of the daily papers, of the price 
of $140,000 being paid for the Veitch collection of lilacs and other 
plants for the Arnold Arboretum, has been denied by Mr. Farquhar. 

Coming jflower Sbovos 

American Carnation Society. 
Exhibition at Cleveland, Ohio, January 28 and 29, 1914. 

International Flower Show. 
Grand Central Palace, New York, March 21-28, 1914. 



Horticultural Society of Chicago. 
Chicago, March 24-29, 1914. 

For those who may visit California in the coming months, the 
address is here given of the Theodosia B. Shepherd Company, at 
Ventura, where petunias are grown which are said to be "without rivals 
in size and beauty." 

jforeign mews 

France. 
Preserving Cut Flowers. 

Modern research in France has developed the art of preserving 
cut flowers to a point undreamed of a few years ago. The old way 
was to cut off the end of the flower stem or sear it or add salt water. 
Fourton and Ducomet applied the principles of osmotic pressure to the 
subject. They reasoned that when flowers containing salts in their 
juices were placed in pure water, the unequal pressure thereby developed 
ruptured the cell walls and made the plant wilt. Consequently, they 
tried a great number of solutions for preserving the cut flowers, and 
found that when the osmotic pressure of the solution outside equaled 
that of the juices in the flower, the best results were obtained. 

Sugar solutions of varying strength proved the most effective except 
in the case of lilies, lilacs and sweet peas. Carnations lasted longest 
in a 1 5 per cent, sugar solution, while roses were most permanent in 
a sugar solution of half that strength. Chrysanthemums and tulips are 
not benefited, but effort is being made to discover a suitable preserva- 
tive for them also. Although lilacs are not benefited by a sugar solu- 
tion only, yet if they are kept in a 1 2 per cent, sugar solution which 
also contains 1 00th of 1 per cent, manganese sulphate, they last much 
longer than usual and improve in tint. One of the United States 
experiment stations has begun experiments in this line and new results 
are expected. — Scientific American. 

Great Britain. 

The Royal Horticultural Society will hold a special exhibition 
of forced spring bulbs on March 10 and 11, 1914, the object being 
to demonstrate the varieties best suited for gentle forcing. 



^Cbe <$arfcen Club 



of Hmertca 



APRIL 1914 



No. IV 



Honorary President 
MRS. C. STUART PATTERSON 

President 
MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Secretary-Treasurer 

MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, Pa. 



Vice-Presidents 
MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 

Princeton, New Jersey 
MRS. ALFRED ELY 

New Milford, New York 
MRS. FRANCIS KING 
Alma, Michigan 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 
Lake Forest, Illinois 



The objects of this association shall be, to stimulate the knowledge and love of garden- 
ing among amateurs, to share the advantages of association, through conference and corre- 
spondence in this country and abroad, to aid in the protection of native plants and birds, and 
to encourage civic planting. 



Ere man is aware 

That the Spring is here, 

The flowers have found it out. 

— Ancient Chinese Saying. 



The second Annual Meeting of the Garden Club of America will 
be held in Princeton, N. J., Tuesday, May 12th, and Wednesday, 
May 13, 1914. 

"Clause IX of the Constitution provides that each club shall be 
represented at the Annual Meeting by its president and a delegate, and 
shall be entitled to two votes — in person or by proxy." 

The business meetings will be open to all members of the clubs 
belonging to the Garden Club of America, though only two representa- 
tives will be entitled to vote. 

Through the courtesy of the Garden Club of Princeton, the privi- 
lege of visiting many of the Princeton gardens will be extended to the 
members of the Garden Club of America attending the Annual Meeting, 
provided they have cards of admission. Application for these cards 
should be sent to Mrs. Bayard Henry, Germantown, Philadelphia, 
before May 6th. Names of members must be stated, also the club to 
which they belong. 

The Princeton Inn, Princeton, N. J., has arranged special rates 
for the Annual Meeting, and members desiring reservations for May 



1 2th and 1 3th should communicate with the Princeton Inn as promptly 
as possible, stating that they wish to attend the Annual Meeting of the 
Garden Club of America and the accommodations they require. 



The first meeting of the Council of Presidents of the Garden 
Club of America was held at Mrs. Russell's, 34 East Thirty-sixth 
Street, New York, on Wednesday, March 25, 1914. 

The President, Mrs. Martin, presided. Those present were: 

The Honorary President, Mrs. Patterson, and Vice-Presidents, 
Mrs. Russell and Mrs. Ely; the Secretary pro tern., Mrs. Bayard 
Henry, and representatives from the following clubs: 

Miss Elizabeth L. Clark, Amateur Gardeners' Club, Baltimore, 
Md. ; Mrs. Moses Taylor, Bedford Garden Club; Mrs. Andrew 
Squire, The Garden Club of Cleveland; Mrs. Horace W. Sellers, 
The Gardeners, Pennsylvania; Miss McLane, The Garden Club, 
Maryland; Mrs. George Wickersham and Mrs. George B. Sanford, 
The Garden Club of Laurence, L. I. ; Miss Georgina Sargent, Gar- 
den Club of Lenox; Mrs, B. S. Warren, The Garden Club of Michi- 
gan; Mrs. Hugh D. Auchincloss, The Garden Association in New- 
port; Mrs. J. West Roosevelt, North Country Garden Club, L. I.; 
Mrs. Morris Rutherfurd, The Garden Club of Orange and Dutchess 
Counties, New York; Mrs. C. Stuart Patterson, Garden Club of 
Philadelphia; Mrs. Archibald D. Russell, The Garden Club of 
Princeton; Mrs. Albert B. Boardman, Southampton Garden Club; 
Mrs. Edward B. Renwick, Short Hills Garden Club; Mrs. F. A. C. 
Perrine, Garden Club of Trenton; Mrs. J. Howard Rhoads, The 
Weeders, Pennsylvania. 

The Honorary President, Mrs. Patterson, graciously welcomed 
the Council and opened the meeting by reading a poem. The Presi- 
dent followed with a short address on the development of The Garden 
Club of America. Important matters concerning the work for the 
coming year were then discussed, among which was an Associate Mem- 
bership to consist of individual members interested in gardens, but not 
living in the vicinity of a garden club. 

Arrangements were made to continue The BULLETIN along the 
present lines, and the request that advertisements be inserted was not 
granted. 

The following committees were appointed: to investigate the 
standing of seed houses in relation to their dealings with different 
garden clubs, a list of the firms recommended to be published in The 
BULLETIN, a committee to learn where the best vases are to be ob- 
tained and the rates for the same, so they can be bought in quantity for 
the clubs holding Flower Shows, and a committee to inquire into the 



establishment of Rose and Perennial Test gardens in cities differing in 
climate from the National Gardens about to be established in Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Plans were perfected for the second Annual Meeting of the Club 
which will be held at Princeton in May. After the meeting Mrs. 
Russell entertained the council at luncheon. 



plan for a Spring Border 

MRS. FRANCIS KING, Garden Club of Michigan 

The border in question is a double one, a balanced planting on 
either side of a walk of dark brick about two and a half feet wide. 
The space allotted to flowers flanking the walk is about three feet. 
Eight subjects are used; combinations of color, periods of bloom, form 
and height of flowers and plants, all are considered. 

At those edges of the borders farthest from the walk, peonies 
of white and palest pink are used, Mme. Emile Galle, that flower of 
enchantment, predominating. 

Next the peonies toward the walk, comes a row of iris pallida 
Dalmatica, then an alternating line of Iris Kaempferi and spirea astilbe 
Arendsii Die Walkiire; next these the Darwin tulip Agneta planted 
alternately with English Iris Mauve Queen; then the double early tulip 
Yellow Rose. 

Bleu Celeste, the double early tulip which Miss Jekyll calls the 
bluest of tulips, was to have bloomed with the vivid flower of tulip 
Yellow Rose. But because of Miss Jekyll's commendation of Bleu 
Celeste, or possibly for the more prosaic reason of crop failure in Hol- 
land, my very late order remained unfilled, and Mr. van Tubergen 
substituted for it the Darwin Agneta. This, he assures me, is nearly 
the color of Bleu Celeste. (If any reader of these lines has Bleu 
Celeste in his or her borders this Spring, may I beg for the very great 
kindness of a bud or two sent my way? I cannot remember that I 
have ever felt stronger curiosity about a flower.) Alas, unfortunately 
for me, Agneta blooms after Yellow Rose, thus I may not look for the 
lovely bands of clear yellow and dull blue which were to have adorned 
my border in early May. 

Close to the brick itself are mounds of Myosotis dissitiflora and 
Cutton's Royal Blue, an early and a late, while back of these are lines 
of alyssum sulphureum, the hardy one of primrose-yellow. 

I count on the Japanese iris as an ally of the English one, the 
latter said to be a delicious shade of pinkish mauve. The cool pink 
spirea, too, should create a delicate foil for the broad-petalled Iris 
Kaempferi, and my faint, and perhaps foolish, hope is that a few 
forget-me-nots may be tricked into blooming on till Iris Mauve Queen 



shows its color; for of all garden harmonies I dearly love the pale 
blues and mauves, brilliant blues and deep violets set over against each 
other. 

If my description of this small flower scheme for this spring 
interests any member of the Garden Club of America to the extent of 
creating a wish to know its results in flowers, I shall be most happy to 
report success or failure. 



Some little TUsefc Bering flMants 

MRS. EDWARD B. RENWICK, Short Hills Garden Club 

Now that many of us are planning color masses in our gardens, 
a blue flower which is seldom used may help some one's need of fill- 
ing in a bare spot. 

Plumbago Capensis is a lovely light blue, much resembling 
Phlox Divaricata in form and color. In its native South Africa and in 
Southern California it grows into a large shrub. Hearing from a well- 
known florist that it could be easily rooted from slips and used as a 
bedding-out plant, I made cuttings of the same, and when the plants 
were large enough and were shifted into 1 0-inch pots, I submerged 
them in the beds of my blue border. By this method I had bloom all 
summer, but shall try them out of pots next year, and think they will 
do better. In combination with Gladiolus (America) it makes an 
effect Mme. de Pompadour would have loved. 

Swainsonia is another tender plant which makes a charming 
garden effect. The foliage is fine and remains a fresh clean green all 
summer, and in my garden eight plants out of a dozen survived last 
winter with ordinary covering. The flowers, like clusters of small 
white sweet peas, are very useful for the table, and the plants seem to be 
ever blooming. It grows about iy 2 or 3 feet high and, as the cuttings 
root as easily as Geraniums, it should not be difficult to acquire a 
sufficient stock. 

"Bedding plants" is a term of reproach, certainly, calling to 
mind may atrocities, such as Cannas and Coleus, but there are spots 
in every garden which need covering and brightening as the seasons 
change. 



Zbc Best Soil for a flOiiet) Border 

From "THE GARDEN" 

A moderately light soil is suitable for the great majority of her- 
baceous plants. Lilies, some Iris and Lobelia Cardinalis are examples 
of those which need a strong soil to be satisfactory, but even these may 



be induced to be fairly happy in a light soil — rotted manure and the 
soil made very firm about the plants going a great way to meet their 
requirements. 

Deep cultivation is, of course, of the first importance; but deep 
cultivation is not of itself enough, and besides turning over the soil and 
loosening it all clods should be smashed, thorough pulverization hav- 
ing a remarkable effect for good. It is possible to make soil, by the 
introduction of much crude manure, too stimulating, resulting in the 
production of soft and rank vegetation. 

The manure, therefore, should have been laid away for a long 
enough period to have lost much of its stimulating properties, when it 
may be employed abundantly without any but good effect. A com- 
bination of horse and cow manure is to be preferred to either alone, 
and all manures should be finely comminuted and mixed thoroughly 
with the soil rather than dug into it in lumps in a haphazard fashion. 
In addition to this principal manuring, a layer of material prepared 
from old mushroom beds, pigeon manure, soot, wood-ashes and old 
composts, with perhaps a slight addition of newly slaked lime spread 
over the surface of the border previous to replanting, enables plants to 
make a vigorous start. A similar dressing is also beneficial if applied 
to established borders which have not for any reason been otherwise 
manured. 



Hotel Cecil, Delhi, January 30, 1914. 
My dear Mrs. Martin: 

I have been most anxious to write you to tell you how glorious 
beyond expectation I have found the flora of the East, but India, 
enchanting, tragic but always fascinating India, has absorbed all my 
time, though not all my thoughts. I have visited gardens, asked in- 
numerable questions and everywhere am always looking for more 
interesting and lovely growing things. 

Ceylon is bewildering, for it is all one tropical garden, graceful 
palms, great trees, climbers with enormous leaves or gorgeous flowers 
and the ground carpeted with dainty blossoms, the lakes begemmed 
with Nymphea and Lotus, their banks decorated with rare lilies, and 
the trees, as if not gay enough with their own bright blossoms, bedeck 
themselves with the jewel of an orchid. It is hard to keep one's feet 
on the ground in Ceylon, for beauty carries one away and one is quite 
sure the Mohammedans are right in claiming it as the original Garden of 
Eden. 

The gardens of Hakgalla are most artistically laid out and the 
wealth of flora for material make an embarrassment de riches. The air 
is full of perfume from the orange and jasmine blossoms and a de- 
liciously scented magnolia with the blossoms of the nutmegs and clove 



buds constitute the "spicey breezes" which indeed "blow soft o'er 
Ceylon's Isle." Hundreds of gay begonias, many and varied fuchsias, 
royal purple plunerias, festoons of red and yellow Hignonia, bicolor or 
trumpet shaped Tecomas of different colors, blue or white Plumbago 
and always Hibiscus and Poinsettia and the roses which the English 
people must introduce from love — are only a few of the beauties of this 
garden. The Curator's bungalow is banked with great pots of ferns, 
chiefly maiden hair, as most of Ceylon's bungalows are, giving a light 
green, cool effect under the awnings. A little lake is encircled with 
Calla lilies, which grow wild in profusion, and the Cri Gigantem 
from Africa, while always the palms unfold their plumes against a 
brilliant blue sky. The tree ferns abound both inside and out of the 
garden, while the moors outside are besprinkled with a rosy orchis and 
great bushes of crimson rhododendron. 

One of the delights of Ceylon's jungles, as well as India's, is the 
climbing Lily Gloriosa Superbum. The Honorary Secretary 
of the Bombay Natural History Society, is kindly procuring me 
bulbs. They will grow very rapidly under heat or in the 
middle of our summer in a sunny positon with plenty of water 
to simulate their rainy season, but no fertilizers. The jungle of 
Ceylon, of course, is interesting for its creepers, but if one can look 
down from a hillside above, the tops of the trees are gorgeous with 
bloom, Pomciana glowingly red, Spattrodias brilliantly scarlet, Bom- 
bax, known as the red cotton tree, or tulip tree, covered before the 
leaves with coral colored lily-shaped flowers, and Cassias, pink, yellow 
or white, form a riot of color. In the beautiful gardens of Peradiniya 
all these trees and many more can be seen at their best. I stop here 
appalled, for I feel I cannot describe with my halting pen even a frac- 
tion of the charm and interest of these gardens. Not only are the gems 
of Ceylon here, but all the tropical world has sent her best, and it was 
interesting to find that many of the most prized contributions came from 
South America. Her orchids were the gayest and her ferns the largest 
and her creepers the most gorgeous. The Talipot palms, which bloom 
once in a hundred years, were a towering mass of creamy blossoms, and 
the very rare double cocoanut was also in bloom. It was too bewilder- 
ing for one visit, so I came out to the Rest House and lived in the 
gardens for two days, taking pictures, asking questions and wandering 
about. 

I must write you again of one of India's most beautiful private 
gardens, where I drank tea and reveled in flowers. 

Sincerely yours, 

Anne MacIlvain, 
Member of The Garden Club of Trenton. 

We take pleasure in announcing that Miss MacIlvain has since 
written of the establishment of the first Garden Club in India. 



A letter received by one of the officers of the Garden Club of 
America from Miss Gertrude Jekyll, "Munstead Wood," Surrey, 
England, speaks of the great pleasure she has had in visits to her 
garden from Americans; but she also speaks with regret of the neces- 
sity laid upon her by advancing years of henceforth refusing admission 
to visitors, and begs that persons may not be sent to her with intro- 
ductions. 



Ebe TKHalsb IRoec (Barrens 

MRS. HERMON B. BUTLER, Garden Club of Illinois 

At Wood's Hole, Mass., on the very southernmost tip end of 
Cape Cod, are the rose gardens of Mr. M. H. Walsh, the well-known 
grower. This lovely spot is well worth a summer day's journey over 
the fine roads which lead down either side of the Cape and come 
together at Wood's Hole. The gardens, approached by a shaded 
path leading from the main road, are protected from the bleak north 
blasts by a windbreak of splendid trees, while the soft sea air on both 
sides, the almost constant sunshine of that peculiarly even climate, and 
the gentle southerly slope of the land, affording perfect drainage, com- 
bine to produce an ideal condition. 

The first glimpse quite takes one's breath away — such a fairy 
land of roses — acres of them stretching out before one's eyes, breathing 
a perfectly intoxicating fragrance. The borders are outlined by tall 
standard roses, and the long pergolas covered with most superb varieties 
of the Wichuriana. At the time of our visit, August 25th, there were 
few blooms of these last to be seen, except on specimen bushes which 
were growing in tubs in preparation for the Horticultural Exhibit to 
be given in New York in March. 

Mr. Walsh, the grower, is full of interest and enthusiasm for his 
profession, and seeing we were really interested and not curiosity 
seekers, he gave us much helpful information about the care and cul- 
ture of the plants, especially suggesting such as would be hardy in 
this or that climate. We were particularly impressed with the dif- 
ference in blooms between the Hybrid Perpetuals (Remontant) and 
the Hybrid Tea-roses, the former, as is well known, making a glorious 
showing for two or three weeks in June, or about July 1 st, but "per- 
petuals" in name only as they give practically no bloom later, while 
on that late date in August the Hybrid Teas spread before our eyes 
an exquisite mass of color and fragrance, blooming luxuriantly, with 
buds giving promise of beauty for weeks to come. 

Where all was so lovely it was hard to choose, but perhaps the 
varieties we thought most perfect were a wonderful pink called "Mary, 
Countess of Ilchester" ; our old friend, Mrs. Aaron Ward, with her 



golden heart; a long-petalled yellow sunburst; Lady Ashton, pale pink 
with a fringe of yellow; the Gruss au Teplitz, a splendid scarlet; 
Countess of Derby, white with an orange center, and some wonderful 
single roses (also Hybrid Teas) which looked like glorious great 
butterflies, crimson, silvery-white, saffron or coral, just alighting on 
the Rugosa-like foliage. The names of this variety were as charming 
as their faces — Irish Harmony, Irish Modesty, Irish Glory, etc. All 
of these and very many more seemed to be in truth ever-blooming, and 
with the assurance of their hardiness in the average climate under pro- 
tection of an earth mulch, covered with litter and evergreen boughs, 
it would seem that no amateur need fear to venture upon a modest 
rose garden. 



The following clubs have been elected members of The Garden 
Club of America: 

The Garden Association in Newport, President Dr. Roderick 
Terry. 

The Garden Club of Lawrence, President Mrs. George B. San- 
ford. 

The North Country Club of Long Island, President Mrs. J. 
West Roosevelt. 

The Garden Club of Orange and Dutchess Counties, New York, 
President Mrs. James M. Fuller. 



IRattonal <3arfcert5 

We are glad to be able to announce that a bill is now before 
Congress to establish a National Botanical Garden in Rock Creek 
Park, Washington, D. C. The suggestion that such a garden should 
be established was made in the January BULLETIN. 



Ulational IRose Zcet Gardens 

In the following letter to the President of The Garden Club of 
America from the Secretary of The American Rose Society confirms 
the announcement made in the January BULLETIN that National Rose 
Test Gardens will be established. The advantage in this country of such 
a test garden to both amateurs and professionals should be incalculable, 
and Garden Club members should watch its progress with keen in- 
terest. 



My dear Mrs. Martin: 

The action that has finally been taken for the establishment of a 
National Rose Test Garden is as follows: 

The Agricultural Department, under the principal direction of 
Professors Mulford and Corbett, has set apart a plot of ground at 
Arlington Heights for a rose test garden. The Bureau of Plant In- 
dustry assumes the oversight of the same. The American Rose So- 
ciety and the Society of American Florists join hands in the effort to 
make this a success. They have called upon the rose growers of 
America to furnish the stock that is necessary. The stock that is asked 
for is of the bedding type of roses, including the Hybrid Perpetuals, 
Teas, Hybrid Teas, Bourbons, Chinas, Polyanthus, etc., and of the 
rugosas, Sweet Briers or various climbing types. 

Cornell University at Ithaca, where the steady cold winters are 
experienced, are to have the same stock, and Prof. Alvin C. Beal is 
leading the movement there, and will give his personal attention to the 
details of the rose trials. An investigaton of the botany, evolution, 
breeding, etc., of the hybrid Wichuraiana and rambler roses is already 
in progress. The hardiness of the rose will be particularly studied at 
Cornell. 

Very truly yours, 

Benjamin Hammond, 

Secretary. 



Scbool of Horticulture for Women 

Hmbler, {Pennsylvania 

Weekly lectures on the principles of Landscape Gardening are be- 
ing given at the school on Tuesdays until June by Miss Elizabeth Leigh- 
ton Lee. For further information and course tickets address, 



Miss Jessie T. Morgan, 

Director, Ambler, Pa. 



For those interested in the subject of correct color-nomenclature 
for flowers, mention of the beautiful book by Doctor Ridgway may 
be made. Its title is "Color Standards and Nomenclature"; 1115 
colors are shown in this wonderful work which will surely be of value 
in artistic flower gardening. The book is sold only by the author, Dr. 
Robert Ridgway, "Bird Haven," Olney, 111. Another new book, 
"Houses and Gardens," by E. L. Lutyens, will also find many readers 



and admirers among those who follow modern developments in domestic 
architecture and garden design. It was Mr. Lutyens who planned Miss 
Jekyll's house, "Munstead Wood," in Surrey, England, that charm- 
ing house familiar to all readers of Miss Jekyll's books. 



(Slueetions ant) answers 

1. "What method has been found to make Wistaria vines bloom 
when they have failed to do so for several years?" 

Answer. — Wistaria vines seldom bloom until they are five years 
old. If, however, after that time they fail to do so, in the spring cut 
the tap root back to 1 8 inches and trim the vines and then fertilize with 
ground bone. 

2. "What are the cause and the remedy for rust on hardy 
Phlox?" 

Answer. — This is a fungus growth, due to dampness, and can 
only be eradicated by early treatment. The remedy is 2 heaping 
teaspoons ful of copper carbonate dissolved in J4 teacup of household 
ammonia. Add this to 6J/2 gallons of water and use as a spray, full 
strength, once a week for blight, mildew or rust. Do not use until two 
or three hours after mixing, and do not spray plants in hot sun. Com- 
mence spraying when plants are 3 or 4 inches high and before the dis- 
ease appears. This is a preventative, not a cure. Should the disease 
have already appeared pick off and burn all infected leaves and spray 
as directed once a week, getting it well under leaves as well as on top. 

3. "Why do leaves on many hardy Chrysanthemums turn 
brown, and what will prevent their doing so?" 

Plant gladioli as soon as the ground can be worked, and suc- 
cessive plantings can be made every two weeks until July 4th. It is a 
wise plan to plant the smaller bulbs first, leaving the larger ones until 
the warmer weather. 



Coming fflower Sbows 

A Flower Market will be held in Rittenhouse Square, Philadel- 
phia, on Thursday, May 7, 1914. 

Annual Flower Market of Baltimore will be held at the Wash- 
ington Monument on Thursday, May 14, 1914. Luncheon and tea 
will be served at the monument. 



Royal Horticultural Society, London, England. 

Spring Show, Chelsea, May 19th to 21st; Summer Show, Hol- 
land House, June 30th, July 1st and 2d. 

The Imperial Horticultural Society of Russia. 

The Imperial Horticultural Society of Russia has announced its 
intention of holding an International Show at St. Petersburg in May. 

American Sweet Pea Society. 

Sweet Pea Show, American Museum of Natural History, New 
York, June 27th and 28th. 



Xecturers 

Any lecturer whose name appears in this BULLETIN is endorsed 
by not less than two clubs belonging to The Garden Club of America. 

Miss Mary Averill, 83 Waverly Place, New York City. Sub- 
ject: "Japanese Flower Arrangements." 

Mr. Leonard Barron, Garden City, L. I., N. Y. Subject: 
Koses. 

Mrs. Max Farrand (Miss Beatrix Jones), 21 East Eleventh 
Street, New York City. Subject: "Old Gardens." 

Mr. Maurice Fuld, 1 Madison Avenue, New York City. Sub- 
jects: "Proper Methods in Gardening" and "Perennials." 

Dr. Henri Hus, University of Michigan. Subject: "Luther 
Burbank and His Work." 

Miss Rose Nichols, Cornish, N. H. Subjects: "Garden De- 
sign" and "Evolution of the Garden." 

Prof. George T. Powell, 1 28 West Forty-third Street, New 
York City. Agricultural expert on roses, lawns and prunings. 

Mr. Witmer Stone, 5044 Hazel Avenue, Philadelphia. Sub- 
ject: "Birds in the Garden." 



foreign IRews 

Great Britain. 

Official Guide at Ketv. 

An official guide to conduct parties of visitors round the famous 
gardens at Kew has been appointed. The charges for the services 



rendered by the guide are 6d. each person in the morning, 3d. during 
the afternoon. Full particulars concerning the guide can be obtained 
on application to the Director, Royal Gardens, Kew. 

Bulbs at Hampton Court. 

It is stated that the number of bulbs which have been planted 
this season in the Royal Gardens at Hampton Court Palace exceeds 
one million, the weight being between two and three tons. There are 
140 beds, with an average of about 3000 bulbs to a bed; while the 
great ten- foot border, which extends from the river to the Hampton 
Court Road, takes more than all the beds. 

Streak Disease of Sweet Peas. 

The National Sweet Pea Society is offering a prize of ten guineas 
and the gold medal of the society to the first person who can prove to 
the satisfaction of the committee that he or she has a cure for streak 
disease. As arrangements are now being made for testing preventives 
or remedies, any one who has discovered a cure should communicate 
with the Secretary, Mr. H. D. Tigwell, Green ford, Middlesex. 

The Anglo-American Exposition which will be held at Shepherd's 
Bush, opening in May, has for its object the celebration in a fitting 
manner of the hundred years of peace and progress between the Eng- 
lish-speaking peoples since the Treaty in Ghent in 1814. As becomes 
an exhibition illustrative in the fullest possible sense of the activities of 
two great nations famous for the prominent part they have taken in the 
advancement of the gardening art in its varied aspects, demonstrations 
of both American and British horticulture are being organized on as 
comprehensive a scale as possible. 

France. 

France, following the example set long ago in Russia, America, 
Germany and England, has established an agricultural school for girls 
at Brie-Comte-Robert, in Seine et Marne Department. The problem 
of finding careers for girls in France is particularly difficult, as there 
are comparatively few avenues of activity open. 



Zhe <3ar6en Club 



of Hmertca 



July 1914 



No. V 



Honorary President 
MRS. C. STUART PATTERSON 

President 
MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia. Pa. 
Treasurer 
MRS. H. D. AUCHINCLOSS 
33 E. 65th Street. New York 
Secretary 

MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN 
Chestnut Hill. Philadelphia. Pa. 



Vice-Presidents 

MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 

Princeton, New Jersey 

MRS. ALFRED ELY 

New Milford, New York 

MRS. FRANCIS KING 
Alma, Michigan 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 
Lake Forest, Illinois 



The objects of this association shall be, to stimulate the knowledge and love of garden- 
ing among amateurs, to share the advantages of association, through conference and corre- 
spondence in this country and abroad, to aid in the protection of native plants and birds, and 
to encourage civic planting. 



Tongues, tongues for my joy, for my joy more tongues! 

Oh! thanks to the thrush on the tree, 
To the sky, and to all earth's blooms and songs! 

They utter the heart in me. 

—David Aitvood Wesson (1823-1887). 



JEMtorial 

The Garden Club of America held its second annual meeting at 
Edgerstoune in Princeton on the 1 1 th, 1 2th and 1 3th of May, and no 
one who enjoyed the splendid hospitality of the President and ladies 
of the Garden Club of Princeton will ever forget those beautiful and 
inspiring days. 

What more happy spot to meet for mutual aid and inspiration in 
beautifying our great and dear country than this, in which patriotism 
has always burned with a steady flame and the tradition of gardening 
(Morven was modeled on Mr. Pope's garden at Twickenham) has 
continued unbroken since the English days. 

All of our twenty-one clubs were ably represented by two dele- 
gates each. From far and near we came, over a hundred of us, includ- 
ing non-delegates who were most heartily welcomed. We found that to 
"garden finely," with pleasure and profit to an ever-widening circle of 
souls, is a desire that burns as ardently in the South as in the East, and 



in the West as in the North; and if our association can be a means of 
feeding this twice blessed flame, let us make the utmost endeavor to 
have a glorious year behind us when we raise our third milestone next 
year in Maryland. 

Our constant, unwavering ambition is to utterly transform that 
no-man's-land of dishevelment and offense along our highways, those 
back yards, and those otherwise unoccupied limbos of cans and rubbish 
that mar our country and try our faith. 

One of our particular objects is to encourage the use of a reliable 
and simple color chart. 

For ourselves we have set a congenial task in the yearly study of 
a practical subject. This year it is "Landscape Gardening in Relation 
to the Placing of the Flower Garden," a fruitful matter indeed, the 
breaking of whose laws is often the root of all evil in our art. It is 
hoped that all the clubs will work on this and contribute papers of not 
over 3000 words by the first of January. 

Committees have also been appointed to report on lecturers, gar- 
den literature, flower shows, and kindred subjects, but nothing can be 
done effectively without the direct co-operation and influence of all the 
clubs and all the members. Let us tell our joy to the four winds of 
heaven. 

"For the glory of the garden lies in more than meets the eye." 



policy atrt> Iflsefulnees of tbe (Sarfcen Club 
of Hmerica 

MRS. TIFFANY BLAKE, Garden Club of Illinois 

The Garden Club of America should be primarily a clearing 
house for the ideas initiated or developed by the constituent clubs. It 
should encourage and facilitate an active exchange of such ideas and of 
gardening knowledge among its members. 

For the accomplishment of this general purpose it should devise 
effective means. It should maintain a sufficient organization to pre- 
serve and systematize the information accumulated at the annual meet- 
ings of the club and to make it available at all times to members or 
member clubs. A competent bureau of information, with a well-edited 
bulletin, which has already been started, would serve as a very 
valuable medium for the distribution of practical knowledge. Informa- 
tion on lectures and lecturers, on new articles and gardening literature 
and on gardening activities generally could thus be made available to 
the whole membership. 

Two very important practical services should be accomplished by 
the central body in raising the standard of service in commercial houses 



and inducing seedsmen and growers to adopt a common standard color 
chart for the description of flowers. Both the central body generally 
and its constituents, each in its respective locality, ought to be able in 
time to exercise influence upon official taste as expressed in parks and 
public grounds, and to induce intelligent horticultural experimentation 
by park administrations and in schools and colleges. 

The Garden Club of America, it seems to me, should leave the 
policy and control of member clubs to the member clubs themselves. It 
will thus avoid the tendency unduly to standardize or conventionalize. 
By permitting and encouraging each member club to work out its own 
salvation it will encourage individual initiation and resourcefulness, and 
develop a stimulating variety of personality. Yet the central organiza- 
tion can exercise a valuable influence upon all its constituent clubs by 
maintaining a high standard of character and efficiency for itself, and in 
all the work which it undertakes. 

For one thing, I feel that the Garden Club of America should 
establish and insist upon a high standard of club membership. By so 
doing a check undoubtedly would be put upon local clubs as to their 
own standards of membership, which are likely to be relaxed under 
various local or personal influences. 

After our delegates returned from the last Annual Meeting our 
Executive Committee has been much more careful and discriminating in 
passing upon candidates for membership. We feel more responsible 
for the maintenance of a standard and for making our club effective 
and interesting than we did before the formation of a national organiza- 
tion. The Garden Club of America can unquestionably render service 
to American gardening not only by accumulating and making accessible 
valuable information, but by stimulating interest and enterprise and in- 
spiring individuals and organizations. 



B XPGlarninG 

Lenox, Mass., June 6, 1914. 

Please sound a loud warning to garden owners far and wide. The 
tent ivorms are devouring us and moving south and west! Every year 
we have a few, but this summer they are in hordes, and the roadside 
trees and shrubs are defoliated and loaded with the disgusting hairy 
caterpillars and their ugly nests. 

Some wise villages have escaped because they took the precaution, 
last autumn, to offer prizes to local schools for the greatest number of 
egg clusters brought in during the winter and spring. We will use this 
plan in future. 

Thomas Shields Clarke, 

President Lenox Garden Club. 



The Garden Club of Short Hills invites all the members of The Garden 
Club of America to their Fifth Annual Dahlia Show, on Friday and Satur- 
day, September 25 and 26. The show is to open on Friday at 3 p.m. 
Will be open that evening and all day Saturday. Luncheon will be served 
to guests coming from a distance on Saturday at the Short Hills Club. 



Schedule for a Season's fflower Sbows 

The Garden Club of Lawrence, Long Island. 

The following letter and schedule of flower shows from Mrs. 
Sanford, President of the Garden Club of Lawrence, Long Island, will 
be of great help to other clubs: 

"We have flower shows once a month in a member's house, usu- 
ally in the morning, and we send out our notices early enough to allow 
the members to grow flowers for them. We try to have flowers that 
any one can grow, usually an annual and a perennial. Last year our 
greatest difficulty was to find competent amateur judges. So I wrote to 
eighteen women asking them if they would be willing to hold themselves 
in readiness to be called on to judge during the summer, and to read 
and prepare themselves as much as possible. They were all most will- 
ing to help, and the recorder has that matter in charge for the coming 
year. Our prizes are limited to five dollars for two, and so far they 
have always been given by a member, so that they are of no expense 
to the club. One or two simple rules must be followed in order to avoid 
confusion and make it easy for the judges. I would be glad to answer 
any further questions." 

Flower Exhibitions of 1914. 

May 7th, Daffodil Show. Judge, Mr. Hound. 
June 18th, Rose Show. Judge, Mrs. Field. 
July 2d, Phlox and Sweet Peas. 
August 6th, Asters and Gladioli. 

August 20th, Vegetable Exhibit. One prize, Corn and Toma- 
toes; one prize, arrangement of different vegetables. 
September 3d, Stocks and Dahlias. 
October 1 st, Marigolds, Salpiglossis and Snap Dragons. 
November, Chrysanthemum Show. 

The officers of the club will be glad to have members offer 
simple prizes for the flower contests. Plants must be in the possession 
of the exhibitor six weeks before shown. Three to five named speci- 
mens only of each variety to be shown. 



Emblias 

MRS. EDW. RENWICK, Garden Club of Short Hills 

In the first place full sun is necessary, and they must not be too 
crowded, at least three feet between the plants. Staking is also very 
important, for if a plant is allowed to fall over it never seems to pro- 
duce fine blooms. The newer German varieties, Vater Rhine and 
Wodan, grow very tall with me, often eight feet high, and require very 
heavy stakes. I plant them in ordinary garden soil and only enrich 
them after the flower buds have formed, about the middle or end of 
August. If planted in too rich soil they go to leaf and have few 
flowers. Last year I gave bone meal and liquid manure, and the year 
before Bon Arbor, and both worked well, but too much stimulation to 
top growth prevents their forming good strong tubers for the next year. 
It is also very important they should not have any check after growth 
starts, during our all too frequent droughts, as they tend to become 
woody and never produce really fine flowers. The peony flowered type 
is the newest and seems to be the most admired at the amateur shows, 
where size seems to attract the crowd. Gustave Duzon is a very large 
brick red which is wonderfully showy, but that is a decorative dahlia. 
Of the peony flowered I have grown Glory of Baarn (pink), Queen 
Wilhelmina (white),. Andrew Carnegie (pink), Duke Henry (red), 
Isadore Duncan (salmon), Bertha Von Sutwer (pink), H. Hornsveld 
(light pink), Manheim, growing yellow, pink and some others all of 
which are good, with long stems and the flowers well above the foliage. 
Of course there are dozens of others and new ones e^ery year, these are 
just standard varieties. Of cactus dahlias Countess of Lonsdale, Flora- 
dora, J. H. Jackson, Rhine Koenig, Pink Pearl Dainty, Snow Queen 
are some of the free blooming old standbys. Last year I imported some 
from Kelway, England. White Swan, which was fairly good, but very 
late in blooming; Flag of Truce, a lovely white flower, but it hung its 
head down and was almost hidden in the foliage, as was Satisfaction, 
a light pink cactus. The way the flower grows on the stem seems to me 
very important, but the catalogues give no clue as to their habit, but 
the kinds I mentioned grow well. The single ones bloom very early 
and really make the best garden effect, and they are all easily raised 
and bloom the first season from seed, if it is started in March in a cold 
frame or greenhouse. Farquhar sells named varieties. Last year I 
saved seed from one plant and had at least fifteen different varieties and 
all colors. Some of them very fine. Stillman, of Westerly, R. I., al- 
ways takes a good many prizes at the New York Show and has some 
fine kinds, but we get most of ours from Dreer and Farquhar. 



Dahlias must be planted three feet apart, not closer, and each 
one staked. If strong growers take all but one stalk from the root; if 
weak, leave two or three. When one foot high pinch out the center of 



the stalk. Begin feeding when buds form, about the middle of August. 
Never leave more than two buds on one branch. (Bon Arbor has been 
found to be a good food.) Keep ground well cultivated, particularly 
after watering. 

Esters Sown in tbe ©pen 

For many years I have made it a practice to sow Asters in the open 
ground at the latter end of April or the first week in May, although 
owing to insufficiency of space, I have not been able to allow all to 
stand where sown. There is no questioning the fact that Asters never 
do so well as when grown without a check ; and in transplanting at a late 
stage the plants certainly get a severe check, especially if dry weather 
follows planting. The practice of sowing in the open is the recognized 
system in the United States of America; and nowhere in the world are 
Asters grown on so gigantic a scale and in such phenomenally good 
form as in America. Fully ten years ago I was in the habit of sowing 
my seed in the open, and it is astonishing to me why so many are ad- 
dicted to sow Asters under glass in heat. I do not agree with the policy 
of non-thinning. If one handled such varieties of Asters as Peerless 
Pink, Violet King and the various late branching forms, and desired to 
see them run to their 2^ feet to 3 feet limit, with flowers up to 7 inches, 
one would find it necessary to give a full foot of space. Regarding the 
immunity from disease of open-air sown plants, this is largely, if not 
entirely, due to the fact that the seedlings do not get leggy in their early 
stage. By avoiding transplanting one entirely guards against the possi- 
bility of the plants being set too deeply. On no account must any 
foliage be allowed to touch the soil. The lower leaves, if not clear of 
the ground, should be removed, otherwise these commence to decay and 
stem-rot follows. Plenty of lime in the ground is essential. — T. W. 
Kent, in The Garden. 

aster Disease 

I notice a very interesting article on this subject in The Garden 
of March 21st issue, but, while admitting that the course advised there 
may be a feasible one under certain circumstances, I cannot say that 
gardeners will derive much benefit or consolation from it. I have car- 
ried out some experiments in connection with this tantalizing and dis- 
astrous disease, and I find that a 2 per cent, to 3 per cent, solution of 
formalin invariably secures immunity. The method of using this liquid 
is very simple; the soil of the border is ridged up, then sprayed liberally 
with the liquid, and the ridges are leveled down roughly so that the fumes 
may be conserved. The border, however, must be vacant for at least 
three weeks before plants are placed in the soil, and, if possible, this 
period should be increased for a week or two. We have used the same 



solution for the composts in the seed-pan, and for the boxes of soil into 
which the plants were pricked off. To prevent introduction of the dis- 
ease with new seeds, we now steep all for fifteen minutes in a very weak 
solution of formalin, one teaspoon ful of the commercial liquid (40 per 
cent.) in one gallon of soft water, and no trouble is ever experienced. 
Experimenting with soils and manures, we also find that fresh organic 
matter or heavy dressings of nitrogenous manure encourage the develop- 
ment of the fungus, and my advice to readers is to plant Asters in soil 
which is "in good heart," i. e., which is rich, but has not been recently 
manured. — H. H. A., in The Garden. 



Questions 

1. Should lilies be fed, and with what, and how often? 

2. What is the best way to destroy cutworms? 

3. What is the best way to destroy ants in the grass? 

4. What will prevent black spot on roses? 

5. Can you tell me the name of a shamelessly pretty black and 
gray beetle that devoured Anemone Japonica last fall — or better still, its 
death potion? 

Please send answers to the Secretary, who will forward them to 
the members asking the questions, and to other members who may want 
them. 

(Barren ®ven to public, Summer, 1914 

Blenheim Palace Gardens will be open Tuesday, Thursday and 
Friday till September 4th, from 12 till 4 P. M. Mount Edgcumbe 
Park, Plymouth, will be open on the first Saturday in every month, and 
on every Wednesday, except the Wednesday immediately preceding 
such first Saturday. The gardens at Belton, Grantham, will be open 
on every Sunday afternoon until further notice, from 3 P. M. till 7 P. M. 
The gardens at Friar Park, Henley-on-Thames, will be open on 
Wednesdays till the second Wednesday in October, one mile from 
Henley. The gardens at Warnham Court, Sussex, will be open every 
Thursday till the end of June. 



Comtug jflower Sbows 

America. 

Horticultural Hall, Boston ; Sweet Pea Show, July 1 1 th and 
12th. Gladiolus Show, August 8th and 9th. 

Lenox Horticultural Society, Lenox, Mass. ; Summer Show, July 
22d and 23d. 



Newport Horticultural Society, Newport, R. I. ; Summer Show, 
August 12th and 13th. 

Society of American Florists' outdoor exhibition, Boston, Mass., 
August 18th to 21st. 



Jordan Sbows 

Great Britain. 

Rose Show, Royal Botanic Gardens, Regent's Park, N. W., 
Tuesday, July 7th. 

Birmingham Floral Fete, July 1 6th, 1 7th and 1 8th. 

National Dahlia Society, Crystal Palace, Sydenham, Septem- 
ber 1 6th and 1 7th. 

The following exhibitions will be held at the Royal Horticultural 
Society's Hall, Vincent Square, London: Sweet Peas, July 16th; Car- 
nations, July 1 7th ; Dahlias, September 8th ; Vegetables, September 
22d; Roses, September 24th; British-grown Fruit, September 29th and 
30th. 

Anglo-American Exposition, White City, all summer. It is ex- 
pected 75,000 rose trees will be seen in bloom at this exposition. 

France. 
Lyons International Urban Exhibition. 
This exhibition will be open from May 1 st to November 1 st next, 
and in conjunction therewith will be held three temporary horticultural 
shows. The dates of these will be June 5th to 9th, September 4th to 
9th, October 21st to 27th. Horticultural products have eight classes 
allotted to them at each show, and are as follows: (1 ) Fruit trees; (2) 
ornamental trees and shrubs ; (3) Roses; (4) open-air floriculture; (5) 
greenhouse floriculture; (6) market garden produce; (7) horticul- 
tural arts and industries, garden plans, horticultural instruction, and 
garden publications; (8) the floral decorations of towns and houses. 

Chrysanthemum Congress at Melun. 

In conformity with the decision arrived at on the occasion of the 
congress at Nantes, and confirmed by that at Ghent, the nineteenth an- 
nual Congress of the Societe Francaise des Chrysanthemistes will be held 
at Melun. The date is not yet definitely fixed, but the congress will be 
held early in November next. The horticultural societies of Seine-et- 
Marne are meanwhile preparing an exhibition of all kinds of horticul- 
tural produce, to be opened at the same time. An excursion to the 
Palace of Fontainebleau, with the magnificent Park of Vaux-le- 
Vicomte, which was designed by Le Notre, will close the congress. 



Zhc <$arben Club 



of Hmertca 



October 1914 



No. VI 



Honorary President 
MRS. C. STUART PATTERSON 

President 
MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN 
Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia 
Treasurer 
MRS. H. D. AUCHINCLOSS 
33 E. 67th Street. New York 
Secretary 
MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN 
Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia 



Vice-Presidents 
MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 

Princeton, New York 

MRS. ALFRED ELY 

New Milford, New York 

MRS. FRANCIS KING 

Alma, Michigan 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 
Lake Forest, Illinois 



The objects of this association shall be, to stimulate the knowledge and love of garden- 
ing among amateurs, to share the advantages of association, through conference and corre- 
spondence in this country and abroad, to aid in the protection of native plants and birds, and 
to encourage civic planting. 



"Season of mists and mellow fruit fulness." 



The work of organizing the Garden Club for the efficient use of 
its large resources has gone on quietly but steadily during the summer, 
and the President is happy to announce that the sod is broken in many 
directions and some beds are actually made and the good seed sown; 
propitious beginnings that will depend on the members of the Club for 
their utlimate fruitfulness. Particularly at this time do we thank God 
for the untainted glory of the Harvest, with its banners of waving wheat, 
copper and gold in the sun, its bee airships laden with supplies for win- 
ter's siege, its armies of bloom in gorgeous uniform, its bombs of burst- 
ing pods and its ambushes of luscious fruit, dangerous only to the reck- 
less. Lily and Rose govern their kingdoms as from time immemorial, 
good constitutional queens who leave all government to their gardeners 
and grow in peace with their neighbors, envying not the vast extent of 
the democracies of cotton and corn, date and lentil, potato and cereal 
and vine. Even the outlaw weeds and brambles, who trample upon 
the laws of neutrality, are only subject to seizure and confiscation when 
actually destructive. It is significant that the men of the French Revo- 
lution steeped in blood gave the months in their new calendar such names 
as Germinal and Fructidor, symbols of indestructible faith. To this 
great Feast we are all bidden to come and bring our sheaves, whether 
we have planted a thousand acres or a window box, and our Garden 
Club has its own special energies to give and its own garlands for the 
altar of Ceres. But to be definite: 



The following committees have been appointed to act in regard 
to needs that appeal most urgently to the Club: 

Committee to encourage the use of a color chart: Mrs. Francis 
King, Garden Club of Michigan; Mr. Thomas Shields Clarke, Lenox 
Garden Club. 

Committee to inquire into the opportunities of the Garden Club of 
America for beautifying settlements and highways: Mrs. J. West Roose- 
velt, North Country Club of Long Island; Mrs. C. Shirley Carter, 
Warrenton Garden Club; Miss Fanny R. McLane, Green Spring Val- 
ley Garden Club; Dr. Warthin, Chairman, Garden Club of Michigan. 

Committee to inquire of seedsmen in regard to discount and pur- 
chasing in quantity: Mrs. Albert B. Boardman, Garden Club of South- 
ampton; Mrs. George B. Sanford, Garden Club of Laurence, L. I. 

Committee on Lecturers: Mrs. Thomas L. Barber, Garden Club 
of Southampton; Mrs. George A. Armour, Garden Club of Princeton. 

Committee on Garden Literature: Mrs. Fred. P. Anderson, Gar- 
den Club of Michigan; Mrs. William W. Frazier, Jr., Garden Club 
of Philadelphia; Mrs. Arthur H. Scribner, Garden Club of Bedford. 

Papers on garden matters are being filed by the Librarian, Mrs. 
Charles Tiffany, 128 East 36th Street, N. Y., who will forward the 
list of subjects to any Club who wishes to borrow a paper. 

A descriptive catalog of garden books will be made by the Com- 
mittee on Garden Literature and will be sent to all the Clubs. 

Copies of the programs of all the Clubs have been received and 
will be sent out shortly. 

The President is compiling an exhaustive list of gardens that 
can be visited by members of the Club, and she will be glad to receive 
additional names. 

Two copies of the Princeton paper "A Quest for a Garden" 
have been sent to all the Clubs, and copies of the corresponding paper 
on "Stenton," read at the first annual meeting, will soon follow. 

The BULLETIN is anxious to prove a clearing house for useful 
information by means of its Questions and Answers, and earnestly 
hopes the members of the Club will ask useful questions and answer 
those they have themselves solved — a very important exchange of ex- 
perience not always personally accessible. 

Two accurate and complete card catalogs have been made of the 
Club, the labor of which has been greatly increased by the difficulty 
of reading lists in manuscript. All contributions should be typewritten. 

The Garden Club is bringing into touch with each other many 
of the individual members of our widely scattered clubs who share in 
this way the pleasure and advantage of association. 



Color Hlote on (Blafctolt 

MRS. FRANCIS KING, Garden Club of Michigan 

That which has seemed too good to be true is true! I have found 
an August flower in color almost the counterpart of the delicious tulip 
Le Reve (Hobbema, Sarah Bernhardt). This is the fine Gladiolus 
Prince of India, a rare dusky pink, so beautiful and so unusual that 
one can hardly believe it on first sight a member of any familiar flower 
tribe. The several tones found in it are, according to Ridgway's chart, 
alizarine pink, old rose and Eugenia red ; markings on lower petals, 
spectrum red; Repertoire des Couleurs, flower all tones of 177, lower 
markings 121-3. 

Mr. Isaac Hendrickson tells me that far from being a novelty, 
this gladiolus was introduced as a seedling by John Lewis Childs some 
ten or twelve years ago. Gladiolus Variabilis might be called a first 
cousin of Prince of India. Its description as to color is: Ridgway, 
petals La France pink touched at points by Rosolane purple; French 
chart, petals 1 79-4, tips of petals 1 75-3. In my notebook I find the 
following: "Variabilis, most lovely in soft color, almost as interesting 
as Prince of India; a remarkable combination of lavender and the 
pink of Gladiolus Panama." 

Gladiolus Florence (Ridgway, Amaranth pink, French chart 
181-1) is very fine grown below the pale mauve physostegia. Wild Rose 
(Ridgway, Hermosa pink; French chart 153, all shades) has a lovelier 
soft pink tone than any wild rose of my acquaintance and is extremely 
good in combination with veronica longi folia subsessilis. Attraction 
(Ridgway, rose red, French chart 156-3, with white markings and 
some cream-white in the throat) deserves a better name than it pos- 
sesses. The flower is of a wonderful vivid rose color and very telling 
in general effect. 

From Michell of Philadelphia a year ago came a collection of 
gladioli for trial in tones of purple, violet and lavender. These were 
unhestitatingly called by the firm "blue." After two years' trial of 
them I unhesitatingly announce that I can find no trace of pure blue 
in any one of them. 

Among those singled out after trial for use in color combinations 
are Saphir, Colibri, Phoebus, Abyssinie, Satellite and Nuage. Ba- 
denia is becoming well known through the frequency of its exhibition — 
it is certainly a wondrous subject for the garden with its large flowers 
of true lavender. The list above may be useful for those who need a 
foil of rich purple hues for their flower masses. 

Niagara, Panama and Mrs. Frank Pendleton, Jr., have lately had 
such a vogue that it hardly seems necessary to mention them. They 
are, however, indispensables ; the primrose-colored Niagara so lovely 
above zinnias of a pastel pink or against mauve-pink cosmos or the 
pale physostegia; Panama highly successful in effect rising from blue 



lyme grass; and Mrs. Pendleton unique in size and beauty, also happy 
in combination with the lyme grass (elymus arenarius) just mentioned. 
The August number of that capital little monthly journal — "The 
Modern Gladiolus Grower" — was devoted entirely to Mrs. Pendleton, 
and whoever she may be, the lady has reason for rejoicing in so glorious 
a namesake. 

According to Mrs. King, the varieties cataloged as blue that have 
not come true to name are: 

Saphir: Bright blue, shaded purple; extra strong spike. 
Colibri: Slate blue, tigered violet. 

Etoile Polaire: Fine blue; two lower petals almost black. 
Rosa Bonheur: Pure blue, stained yellow. 
Satellite: Violet blue, two lower petals light blue. 
Baron Hulot: Deep indigo blue, slightly marked white at the base of 

the throat. 
Heliotrope: Royal blue; flowers somewhat roundish. 

Zbc Dablia 

MRS. WM. REDWOOD WRIGHT, Garden Club of Philadelphia 

The Dahlia (Dahlia variabilis) is first mentioned in a "History 
of Mexico," by Hernandez (1651); it was next noticed by Menon- 
ville, who was employed by the French Minister to steal the cochineal 
insect from the Spaniards in 1 790. The Abbe Cavanilles first de- 
scribed the flower scientifically from a previous year, and he named the 
plant after his friend, Andrew Dahl, the Swedish botanist. The Dahlia 
was introduced into England in 1 789 by Lady Bute from Madrid, 
but this single plant speedily perished. Cavanilles sent specimens of 
the three varities then known to the Jardin des Plantes in 1802, and 
the flower was very successfully cultivated in France, so that in 1814, 
on the return of peace, the improved varieties of the Dahlia created 
quite a sensation among English visitors to Paris. Meanwhile, Lady 
Holland had in July, 1804, sent Dahlia seeds to England from Madrid, 
and ten years after we find her husband thus writing to her: 

"The Dahlia you brought to our isle 
Your praises for ever shall speak; 
Mid gardens as sweet as your smile, 
And in color as bright as your cheek." 

It is singular that this favorite flower should have been twice intro- 
duced to England through the ladies of two of her most noted states- 
men, and that the first introduction should mark the year when France 
became revolutionized, and the second that which saw Napoleon made 
Emperor of the French nation; it is from these incidents that the Dahlia 
in floral language has been selected as the symbol of "instability." In 
Germany and Russia, the flower is called Georgina, after a St. Peters- 
burg professor. 






Hmencan IRose Society 

The American Rose Society reports that the Rose Test Garden 
at Arlington Farm, Va., under the care of the Department of Agri- 
culture of the United States of America has been partly laid out and 
already planted with three hundred and nine varieties of roses, twelve 
of each variety being used. 

The Rose Garden is to be surrounded by a trellis six feet high 
for the training of climbing roses, provided at appropriate points with 
eight-foot posts and cross pieces over the adjoining walk for the more 
vigorous climbers and shorter posts for the pillar roses. At the most 
commanding point on its main walk a low mound will be raised, and 
en this a rose-covered shelter is planned from which can be seen the 
garden as well as the Capitol and the old Lee Mansion at Arlington. 
Everything possible will be done to have a beautiful as well as test 
garden. Mr. F. L. Mulford has been appointed by the Government 
the landscape gardener in charge. 

The Mrs. Gertrude M. Hubbard gold medal has been awarded 
by the American Rose Society to Mr. M. H. Walsh, Woods Hole, 
Mass., for the Rose Excelsa, 1914, for the best rose of American 
origin introduced during the period of the last five years. 



Among the new roses abroad, the Candeur Lyonnaise claims at- 
tention as a decided improvement on the Iran Kark Druschki. It has 
great vigor and hardiness, dark green foliage and few thorns; the 
flowers are of unusual size, color a pure white, sometimes tinted with 
light sulphur yellow; it is very double in form. 

Salvias 

MRS. ALBERT B. BOARDMAN, Garden Club of Southampton 

The salvias, which were quite new to me, have now been faith- 
fully tried out and have shown their powers. This has been a cold, 
damp spring; even now, on July 6th, cold enough for fires every day 
and often a furnace — this English spring may make a difference with 
these plants. 

Pratensis appeared first and was fair; a misty mass of pale bluish 
lavender flowers blooming about two weeks, ending about July 1st. 

Nemorosa Virgata next, this was the plant I had so much trouble 
to get which is said to be the glory of English gardens. I imported 
seeds and twelve plants from Barr, of London, and think with proper 
climate it would be very valuable. It is purple-blue in long narrow 
spikes, very floriferous and will bloom quite a while; mine is in full 
bloom now and has been handsome for ten days. 

Sclarea, white and lavender. This salvia blooms at about the 



same time as Nemorosa; it has been wintered in a cold frame, and I 
do not think it will bear the winter in the open. A very handsome 
plant about three feet high. The foliage is coarse, the sage smell 
quite strong, but it is very valuable in the garden, as no flowers but 
the passing foxglove are here now of that height (white and pale 
mauve) . 

Laclifolia, pale blue, very important in late August. 

Blue Beard is an early spring flower, but not worth much trouble, 
low and a short bloomer. 

My idea of this species is that it is neglected with us; certainly 
Nemorosa and Sclarea will be a pleasant variety in our gardens, they 
are common in England. Would it not be attractive to have some 
of the traveling fraternity send us a list of "best bloomers" from 
England and Scotland, with their dates of flowering? 

Hnswers 

Cutworm Remedies. 

Bran, arsenic mash. From United States Department of Agri- 
culture. Use one part, by weight, of white arsenic. One part sugar, 
and parts bran sweetened with a little sugar or molasses, and enough 
water added to make a mash. Put around the plants. 

One quart of bran, one teaspoonful of Paris green, and water 
enough to make a paste. Leave a little among newly set-out plants. — 
The Garden Magazine. 

Carbolic Acid Emulsion. 

One pound of hard soap (oleine) dissolved in one gallon of 
boiling water. Chop up the soap, as it dissolves more quickly. When 
cold add one pint of crude carbolic acid and emulsify by stirring hard. 
Use one part of the mixture to thirty parts of water. Use in watering 
pot around roots of plants. — Mrs. Charles CressTeell. 

5. Can you tell me the name of a shamelessly pretty black and 
gray beetle that devoured Anemone Japonica last fall — or better still, 
its death potion? 

The beetle that attacks the Japanese Anemone is called the blister 
beetle. I have found no remedy, but hand picking and killing early 
in the season, as they eat the foliage and so prevent the nourishment 
of the plant on which the flowers depend. — Mrs. C. Stuart Patterson. 

Questions 

1 . What will destroy small hard black worms which eat tulip 
bulbs? 

2. Should lilies be fed and with what and how often? 



Some (Barfcen Books 

MRS. W. W. FRAZIER, Jr., Garden Club of Philadelphia 

I suppose many of us who are now enthusiastic gardeners began 
with "The Woman's Hardy Garden," by Helena Rutherford Ely — I 
am sure I did, and I give it to all beginners — for its enthusiasm, even 
were it less valuable technically than it really is, is wholesome and en- 
couraging. 

Many books on this subject have been written since then — some 
with earnest and sincere effort to teach gardening and the planting of 
the home grounds to those who ought, and to those who wish, to direct 
that part of the home with intelligence. 

With all this craze for gardens so much is put on the Christmas 
and Easter book market that is perfectly worthless that it is hard to 
choose wisely without collecting a shelf full of sentimental trash. I 
venture to make a list of a few which I have used with profit. 

"The Garden Month by Month," by Mabel C. Sedgewick (pub- 
lished by Fred. A. Stokes Company, New York), is particularly use- 
ful as it has been written for America by Americans, but in the present 
difficulty about colors I cannot advise using the affixed color chart un- 
deservedly, although it -is one of the best I know of to date. 

"The English Flower Garden and Home Grounds," by W. 
Robinson (published by John Murray, London, 1 883, Ninth Edition, 
1905), is a well-known standard and full of information on every kind 
and phase of garden planting, from bogs to orchards; but, of course, 
our difficulty in using this or any of the many excellent English garden 
books in the United States is the difference in climatic conditions, and 
yet there is so much information on every subject allied to practical 
gardening that no garden library is complete without it. 

"The Complete Gardener," by H. H. Thomas, 1912 (Cassell 
& Co., Ltd., London and New York), is an attempt to present prosaic 
facts in a readable fashion to the amateur. There are 579 pages, 
including lists of all kinds, arranged most helpfully, and the chapters 
on the destruction of pests and fungoid diseases give, among the usual 
sprays, etc., simple remedies which are easily attended to by the single 
gardener who is usually too busy to attend to all these various plagues. 

"The Practical Garden Book," by Hunn & Bailey (MacMillan 
Company, 1900-1914), has gone through eight editions, so I fancy 
most of us know it and its terse answers to questions about the simplest, 
as well as complex, garden operations. 

Of course, the "Cyclopedia of American Horticulture," 1 909, 
by L. Bailey (MacMillan Company), is a necessity for the student; 
and other books for specializing are: 

"The Book of the Rose," by Foster Mellier, 1894 (MacMillan 
Company), recommended to me by our great American rosarian, Dr. 
Robert Huey, is invaluable, even if English, for the directions are 



comprehensive and simple; and the 1905 edition, which I use, is still 
up-to-date in many ways, for although the names of the roses are changed 
each year the care of them is fundamentally the same. 

"Garden Flowers in Color" are a series of very good books, each 
treating of one flower. Edited by R. H. Pearson. 

"The Gardeners' Pocket Manual," by F. F. Rockwell, supplies 
information in the briefest possible way, reads well, but as it was pub- 
lished April, 1914, I have not yet tested its usefulness. 



Coming Sbows 

National Dahlia Society Convention, Seattle, Wash., September 
18th, 19th. 

American Institute, New York; Dahlia Show, September 22d to 
24th; Chrysanthemum Show, November 4th to 6th. 

Short Hills Garden Club Fifth Annual Dahlia Show, Friday and 
Saturday, September 25th and 26th, to which all members of the 
Garden Club of America are invited. 

Washington Flower Show, Old Masonic Temple, Washington, 
D. C, November 2d to 8th. 

Lenox Horticultural Society, Lenox, Mass., Fall Show, October 
22d and 23d. 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society, Horticultural Hall, Boston, 
Mass., Chrysanthemum Show, November 5th to 8th. 

The English shows have been almost all cancelled owing to the 
war. 

Destroy IRemnants of Garben plants IRow 

Prof. H. A. Surface, State Zoologist, Harrisburg, calls attention 
to the importance of promptly destroying the remnants of garden plants 
and truck crops in the fall rather than leaving them in the gardens or 
fields until spring. If destroyed now, many of their pests are destroyed 
with them; if allowed to remain until spring, many of these pests have 
opportunity to escape. 



At the suggestion of Miss Clark, President of the Amateur Gar- 
deners' Club of Baltimore, one of our garden consultants, Miss Lee, 
has consented to give a correspondence course during the winter in 
"Landscape Art in Relation to the Flower Garden" — the subject 
chosen for discussion at the next annual meeting of the Garden Club 
of America. The course will consist of about fifteen lessons or papers. 

Information as to terms and other details can be had by applying 
directly to Miss Elizabeth Leighton Lee, 10 South Eighteenth Street, 
Philadelphia. 



Zhc <3ar6en Club 



of Hmerica 



January 1915 



No. VII 



Honorary President 
MRS. C. STUART PATTERSON 

President 
MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN 
Chestnut Hill. Philadelphia 
Treasurer 
MRS. H. D. AUCHINCLOSS 
33 E. 67th Street, New York 
Secretary 
MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN 
Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia 



Vice-Presidents 

MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 

Princeton, New York 

MRS. ALFRED ELY 

New Milford, New York 

MRS. FRANCIS KING 
Alma, Michigan 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 
Lake Forest, Illinois 



The objects of this association shall be, to stimulate the knowledge and love of garden- 
ing among amateurs, to share the advantages of association, through conference and corre- 
spondence in this country and abroad, to aid in the protection of native plants and birds, and 
to encourage civic planting. 



I read in the lesson of death, the moral of life returning 

Everywhere hope; in the brown fields, in the dry leaves scattered beneath 

my feet, 
Light in darkness, day hid in night, strength in weakness ; 
And in my soul again, like a river welling eternally, 
The endless living flood of life, life, life. 



At the meeting of the Council of Presidents in New York the 
President, Mrs. Martin, proposed to have prepared for the spring, in 
anticipation of the certain want consequent on the war in Europe, a short 
paper of practical directions for the most economical planting for food 
of small plots of ground. In this way many small householders may 
avoid distress and create a great resource. A committee was appointed 
to carry out this plan, and the members of the Garden Clubs are ear- 
nestly asked to send information and suggestions that may help the com- 
mittee to produce a reliable working paper. The President has offered 
the first thousand papers and further assistance will be gladly accepted, 
both for printing and distribution. Any success we may have in light- 
ening the general burden will be most honorable to the Garden Club of 
America, The chairman of the committee is 

Mrs. Horace Sellers, 

Ardmore, Penna. 



It is a matter of regret that the minutes of the Annual Meeting, 
with the list of delegates and non-delegates present, were sent out so 
late in the season. The Presidents and Secretaries of the clubs have 
each received a copy, and the Secretary has a few more copies which 
will be sent on request. The next minutes will be sent to each member 
shortly after the meeting. 

The committee in charge of collecting garden pictures for exhibi- 
tion at the Annual Meeting and among the clubs would like Lumiere 
plates of gardens, 3^ x 4 inches, carefully marked with date of ex- 
posure, locality, names of flowers shown in bloom ; also whether the plate 
is given to the Garden Club of America for its permanent exhibit or lent 
for the Annual Meeting only. The committee consists of Mr. Thos. 
Shields Clarke, Mrs. E. N. Bouton and Mrs. Albert Boardman, 40 
West Fifty-third Street, New York, to whom the plates may be sent 
We hope for a very fine exhibit. 

It will add very greatly to the interest and importance of the next 
Annual Meeting if as many clubs as possible will contribute papers on 
the subject chosen at Princeton: "Landscape Art in Relation to the 
Flower Garden." It is suggested in consultation with Mrs. Farrand 
and Miss Lee that the following conditions and accessories might be 
considered in writing this paper: the climate, degrees of heat and cold, 
amount of rainfall, etc. ; the character of the country; the type of house 
connected with the garden; the local building material; the extent of 
the garden ; the lie of the land, whether hilly, flat, valley, plain, etc ; 
the native flora, trees, shrubs and flowers; the use of the garden; the 
outlook or view; the amount of protection from sun and cold; the water 
supply; the shrubbery, used as windbreak, screen, background; effect 
of composition; the light and shade; the design, balance, perspective, 
outline; variety of treatment; walls, summer houses, pergolas, etc.; color 
scheme; succession of bloom; harmony of parts; approaches, etc. De- 
scriptions of successful or unsuccessful garden or particularly happy 
treatment of special features will also help to illuminate the subject. 
The paper is limited to three thousand words and must be in the hands 
of the secretary by April 1st. Surely we may hope for more than one 
good paper from our large membership. 

The Librarian, Mrs. Charles Tiffany, 128 East Thirty-sixth 
Street, New York, has a catalogue of the club papers which she will 
be glad to send to any member who may desire to select a paper from 
it. We hope that any hostess who is unable to prepare a paper will 
take this opportunity of enjoying the good work of the other clubs. 
There is a broad range of subjects among these papers which are care- 
fully edited and typewritten, and well worth reading. 



The chairman of the Committee on Lecturers, Mrs. Geo. A. 
Armour, Princeton, N. J., has a list of lecturers recommended by the 
clubs which she will forward on request. Mrs. Armour will be glad to 
receive additional names of lecturers who have proved interesting or 
instructive. 

The Garden Club of America was much gratified to receive an 
invitation to plant a model garden at the Panama Exhibition. We 
regretted that our limited financial resources prevented us from under- 
taking this interesting piece of work, but it has been suggested that we 
should be represented by a prize in one of the following classes: Best 
display of flowering bulbs, best exhibit of ornamental shrubbery, finest 
accomplishment in horticulture origination. The last seems particularly 
attractive, and the Secretary will be glad to hear from any one who 
wishes to contribute a small sum for this purpose, as the club treasury 
does not warrant any extraordinary demands. 



H Cbrtstmas IReflection 

MRS. A. D. RUSSELL, Garden Club of Princeton 

On Christmas Eve we chanced to go to Madison Square just as 
sunset, and, as the evening shadows fell about us, hundreds of people 
gathered there. 

Many different nationalities mingled and all classes were repre- 
sented, young and old, rich and poor. All were there for one object, to 
see the beautiful evergreen tree which was to be lighted and to shine 
forth and proclaim the Christmas Spirit while one group of singers after 
another sang throughout the evening old English glees and Christmas 
carols. 

As we stood in this perfectly ordered crowd this thought came to 
us: Why should a beautiful Spruce be cut down each year and used to 
give pleasure for a few days only in the public square of many of our 
cities ? 

Why not plant a fair-sized conifer and let it grow and develop 
and be ready each year as the season comes around, in some of the 
public parks in each of these cities? 

Let the people learn to love and prize this friendly tree, and on 
Christmas Eve gather to see the living thing they have watched at all 
seasons lighted and shedding brilliant rays around. 

In these days when electricity is so much used some method could 
be devised so that the tree could be made very beautiful, and by encas- 
ing the wire in non-conductors no harm would result. 



failures ant) Successes of my (Barfcen 

MISS FLORENCE L. POND, Garden Club of Michigan 

The first disastrous crop of my garden was a rotation of destructive 
swindlers calling themselves gardeners. Each destroyed something his 
predecessor had planted. Their misdemeanors included the uprooting 
of Delphiniums and Roses, exposures and killing of seedlings, lopping 
the lower branches of two fine Spruce trees and discharging themselves, 
while threatening to "go to law" unless paid for their unfinished engagements. 

Finally a really good gardener appeared — intelligent about grow- 
ing, but taking no responsibility for the grouping of plants. By that 
time it was too late to start perennials, and local florists were short of 
annuals, so kind neighbors and Garden Club friends contributed seeds, 
cuttings, and advice. 

In desperate haste and without regard to color or symmetry every 
growing thing available was thrown into the zealously fertilized earth. 

The June sunshine being propitious, vegetation started into activity 
with a vengeance. 

Castor beans sprung up in a night, overshadowing Sweet Alyssum 
and Mignonette. Tall red Cannas fought for ground with pale pink 
Cosmos and Shasta Daisies. Sweet William tried to strangle yellow 
Marguerites. Blue Ageratums were lost in a border of Coleus. Rose- 
colored Zinnias resented the neighborhood of Scarlet Salvia, which, in 
turn, blushed at the proximity of Bachelor Buttons. "Safety first" 
seemed to be the slogan of the Snapdragons, which lay hidden all sum- 
mer under massive Elephants' Ears. There were August days when all 
the flowers in the garden fairly screamed at one another, and were only 
quieted by being taken into the house where, segregated in cool comers, 
they gradually regained their equanimity. Eventually the garden riot 
was quelled by the arrival of some quiet orderly platoons of Dahlias, 
Gladioli and Asters, but the great success of the season proved to be 
the fact that one garden ignoramus had acquired by experience a few 
of the rudimentary principles of planting a garden. 



Mrs. Charles M. Stout, of the Short Mills Garden Club, has pro- 
duced a magnificent, very large, single, seedling Dahlia, of a rich 
golden yellow, which she has registered as "Sunshine" in the National 
Dahlia Society of America. She has about fifty tubers which she will 
be glad to sell for $5 apiece until March 1st, after which she can only 
sell green plants to be delivered later on. The money resulting from 
their sale will go to the Red Cross Society. 

Miss Anne Macllvain, of the Trenton Club, 154 West State 
Street, Trenton, N. J., has seven bulbs and growing plants of the Crinun 
Giganteum, which she believes are the only ones in this country. Miss 
Macllvain will sell these for the Belgian Relief Fund. They require 



either tropical conditions, when they bloom all the year, or a cool house 
in the winter, when they will bloom in a wet sunny spot in summer. 
They bear large bunches of white fragrant lilies. 

The following letter speaks for itself: 

"Enclosed you will find a cutting from the catalogue of 

in which they distinctly advertise a pink Platycodon. I had never before 
heard of it, but imagining it would be very lovely, ordered a dozen plants, 
every one of which bloomed a clear dark blue, the usual color. I then 
wrote to the dealer, stating the fact and asking if they really had a pink, 
as I'd never seen one, and the enclosed letter came in reply 'Regarding 
the Platycodon, would say there is no real good pink! One year they 
may come up rose blue, and the next year they might be a lavender 
pink,' etc. Would it be worth while to write a word or two in The 
Bulletin on the futility of seedsmen cataloguing what they have not 
and probably never have had? I don't believe a word of their coming 
up pink one year and blue the next." . . . This is one of the matters 
which the Garden Club of America hopes to improve greatly by carefully 
considered co-operation. 

Mrs. Andrew Wright Crawford, of the Weeders, writes: "I 
would like to recommend the planting of Molly Sharman Crawford, a 
constant blooming white rose and the Duchess of Wellington, an enchant- 
ing yellow rose, that is a constant joy." 

Mrs. Brewster, of the Garden Club of Illinois, writes: 

The Garden Club of Illinois has been the means of starting a con- 
servation and forestry movement among the towns of the North Shore of 
Chicago. The unusual number of pests of the less destructive variety, 
and the threatened advance of the gypsy moth, found this season as far 
West as Cleveland, created a situation which seemed to call for im- 
mediate and concerted action. 

To this end, the Garden Club, working through the Village Coun- 
cil, the Improvement Society and the Park Board, has caused mass 
meetings to be held in various adjoining towns. The Club has met the 
expenses of the meetings and has secured speakers, expert foresters and 
entymologists, who have illustrated their lectures with charts and lantern 
slides. 

As a result of the meetings, resolutions have been passed that the 
towns appoint permanent commissions to start and superintend necessary 
conservation and the forestry work, and, if possible, to engage — in con- 
junction with other North Shore towns — a competent forester to oversee 
all advisable work. 

Since the first mass meeting, held in Lake Forest, August 25th, that 
town already owns and is operating a spraying machine. 

The fashion of using statuary in English garden was introduced by 
Henry VIII. 



IRevtews 

Garden Trees and Shrubs, by Walter P. Wright, Publisher 

MRS. ANDERSON, Garden Club of Michigan 

This thick volume contains a remarkable variety of information and 
is valuable for an agreeable and direct style, as a guide to cultivation and 
arrangement and as a reference book for varieties of trees and shrubs, 
down to the late novelties. The illustrations are copious, fine photo- 
graphs, charming and accurate color photographs, and some reproduc- 
tions of paintings, among which those by Beatrice Parsons have much 
artistic merit. Especially good are the well systematized directions for 
pruning, the suggestions for hedge planting, the recommendation of 
"more water than manure for the first years of shrubs." It is always 
disappointing to the American of the Northern States to find many things 
recommended which are not hardy with us, but our thorough catalogue 
will enable us to avoid mistakes. I note the statement that Cydonia 
Japonica has "large red fruits" with some surprise, having never seen 
them anything but light yellow. 

The book is full of good things, such as "Resignation in the per- 
petuation of an error in planting trees and shrubs should be the last re- 
source of the true garden lover;" "Beds of flowers are not gardening at 
all, in the true sense." He also emphasizes the selection of the best 
varieties in shrub planting, deprecating the reproduction of the commoner 
effects which have already become shop worn. 

To the botanist the reference of a plant to its order would be 
satisfactory, but is seldom found in garden books. Altogether this book 
may serve (as old Copeland dedicated his book to country life) to 
"attract to the practice of culture some who will see that the pursuit is 
full of pleasure, with no more than a healthy amount of labor — and 
both expands the mind and ennobles the soul." 

The Practical Book of Garden Architecture, by Phoebe 
Westcott Humphreys 

MRS. ARTHUR SCRIBNER, Bedford Garden Club 

Garden books, however delightful, are but a makeshift. If every 
time we desired knowledge of gardening we could step out into a garden 
that somewhere offered the particular information we sought, we would 
never turn to books. As it is, we learn more from visiting established 
gardens, especially gardens that time has made beautiful often in spite 
of the owner, than we do from garden literature entire. Next to visiting 
gardens for inspiration and knowledge, we may consult books that fortu- 
nately reproduce for us, however inadequately, the celebrated gardens in 
existence. Foremost among these are "The Gardens of Italy" and 
"Gardens Old and New." 



Lovers of gardens realize that while bloom we must have in our 
gardens, it is not of sole importance, and proportion, balance, accent, 
architectural features count for as much, if not more, than flowers. 

For a knowledge of these things we must turn again and again to 
the gardens that history has pronounced beautiful. 

How many people build a charming and beautiful house and make 
a failure of the entrance gateway, and yet it would sometimes seem as 
if the interest in a house depended in a large measure upon the interest 
awakened at the gateway, and surely the enclosure of a garden may 
give it charm and dignity or leave it insignificant and without grace, and 
the indiscriminate craze for pergolas has often ruined the setting of the 
otherwise artistic creation of an architect. 

In "The Practical Book of Garden Architecture" we find an 
entire volume devoted to these often neglected details. One is inclined to 
wish that there had been fewer topics and more matter — spring houses 
and studios need scarcely have been included — but the book fills a dis- 
tinct need in garden literature and is readable and practical. Not only 
are suggestions in design given and well-known examples on private estates 
offered as illustrations, but the method of construction in each case of 
garden architecture is carefully outlined. Particularly interesting is the 
description of the beautiful retaining wall on the Woodward estate at 
Chestnut Hill. 

We wish to recommend to beginners in growing roses the excellent 
pamphlet on "How to Grow Roses," by Mrs. Baines, Vice-President of 
the Rose Society of Ontario, one of the most successful rose growers in 
Toronto. It can be procured for 1 cents from the Honorary Secre- 
tary, Miss Marion Armour, 103 Avenue Road, Toronto, Canada. 

We have received "The Practical Book of Outdoor Rose Grow- 
ing for the Home Garden," by George C. Thomas, Jr. (Lippincott, 
Philadelphia). Mr. Thomas' book represents years of successful ex- 
perimenting, assisted by Dr. Huey, the veteran rose grower, with the 
particular object of discovering what roses are best grown in this region. 
Lovers of roses will find the text well written, practical and reliable 
and the many color plates absolutely fascinating. It is a book that 
one must have. 

From Chas. Scribner's Sons, too late for reviewing, comes "The 
Italian Gardens of the Renaissance," by Julia Cartwright, a recon- 
struction from many documents of the beautiful and beloved, but almost 
entirely vanished, gardens of that epoch-making resurrection of classic 
taste which moulds us to this day. The book should help us to see and 
feel the old gardens with our imagination, that we may never see with 
our eyes, and thus realize our debt to the great classic past. 



The Modem Gladiolus Grower, published monthly (50 cents 
a year) by Madison Cooper, Calcium, New York, is an exhaustive 
and valuable little paper, and necessary to all growers of this lovely 
flower. 

"Saxifrages," by Walter Irving and Reginald A. Malby, Head- 
ley, London, 2s. 6d. net, is very highly recommended to us. 

Mrs. Francis King writes: "I beg you to get, read and enjoy one 
of the loveliest garden books in the world to my thinking, "Our Senti- 
mental Garden," by those charming Castles, and published in our 
country by your own Lappincott. Probably you have it, but don't 
miss a word!" After this who does not long to read it at once? 

Upon request the Garden Club of America has sent BULLETINS 
in exchange to the Arnold Arboretum, the American Civic Association 
and the University of Illinois. We also have on file bulletins of the 
Zoological Department of Pennsylvania, etc 

The Committee on Garden Literature is compiling a catalogue of 
useful and interesting books which will be at the service of members 
when finished. 

Gen lessons in (Batten HDafeing 

MISS ELIZABETH L. LEE, 10 East 18th Street, Philadelphia 

The lessons will consist of references for reading, and explanatory 
papers. Students will be asked to write reviews, and give abstracts 
from their reading. The course may be begun any time after January 
1st, and pursued as suits individual convenience, provided it is finished 
by May 1st Fee for the course, $10.00. A group of ten students 
may take the course for $8.00 each. Tentative synopsis: The placing 
of the garden, general design, boundaries, backgrounds, steps, paths, 
the home fruit garden, rock garden, small trees and shrubs, perennials, 
annuals, roses, bulbs and their culture, the soil and fertilizers. 



The New York Flower Show will open on March 1 7th at the 
Grand Central Palace. Professor Powell regrets that he will not be 
able to meet the Garden Clubs personally, as he will be on the Pacific 
Coast. 

The Annual Meeting of the Garden Club of America will be 
held in Baltimore in the first or second week in May, and our hosts, 
the Green Spring Valley Garden Club and the Amateur Gardeners* 
Club, are making preparations for a most delightful two days. If a 
number of the members desire to see Annapolis or Mt. Vernon at this 
time the Baltimore clubs will very gladly arrange convenient visits for 
the third day. 



Zhe <$arfcen Club 



of amcrlca 



April 1915 



Honorary President 

MRS. C. STUART PATTERSON 

President 
MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN 
Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia 
Treasurer 
MRS. H. D. AUCHINCLOSS 
33 E. 67th Street, New York 
Secretary 
MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN 
Chestnut Hill. Philadelphia 



No. VIII 



Vice- Presidents 

MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 

Princeton, New York 

MRS. ALFRED ELY 
New Milford, New. York 

MRS. FRANCIS KING 
Alma, Michigan 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

Lake Forest, Illinois 



The objects of this association shall be, to stimulate the knowledge and love of garden- 
ing among amateurs, to share the advantages of association, through conference and corre- 
spondence in this country and abroad, to aid in the protection of native plants and birds, and 
to encourage civic planting. 



The Annual Meeting in Baltimore will be held on May 10th, 1 1th 
and 12th. Special rates have been offered by the Belvedere Hotel, and 
it is important that all delegates and non-delegates reserve their rooms 
as soon as possible, as the accommodation is limited. The meetings 
promise to be extremely interesting and profitable. It is also necessary 
that the Secretary of the Reception Committee, Miss Elisabeth L. Clark, 
1025 Belvedere Terrace, Baltimore, should be notified before April 15th 
of the names of the two delegates from each club and the number of 
the non-delegates, in order to conclude arrangements for their entertainment. 

The editors call attention with much regret to a misprint in the 
January Bulletin in the paragraph containing the offer of Mrs. Charles 
H. Stout, Short Hills, N. J., to sell tubers and plants of her wonderful 
gold-colored seedling dahlia, Sunshine, for the aid of the Red Cross 
Society. 

The paper on "The Most Economical Planting of a Small Plot of 
Ground for Food" is now ready, and copies for distribution will be sent 
to all the clubs by Mrs. Horace Sellers, Chairman, Ardmore, Pa. 



Suggestions from HDembers 

The plaint of a Garden Club member, that all her pink platycodons 
came blue, only emphasizes the conclusion that most seed catalogue 
swans are geese. One reads glowing and poetic accounts, studies pic- 
tures of large, gay and vigorous specialties, and passes from a hopeful 
spring to a disillusioned summer. 



But even a too vivid imagination is not the worst of the seedsmen's 
sins, and the Garden Club of Illinois decided to make a stand against 
substitutions. 

Some thirty protesting letters were written to leading growers, and 
some thirty polite replies were received, each admitting that the practice 
was general and dastardly, and each declaring that the undersigned firm 
was never guilty of it. All announced that the ladies of the Garden Club 
of Illinois should hereafter be their special care. 

The Club was a little nonplussed and much amused, but determined 
to follow up whatever advantage it had gained. To that end it had 
made a rubber stamp, "Member of the Garden Club of Illinois." One 
was presented to each member, with the request that it be used on all 
future orders. 

Since improved service is one of the aims of the Garden Club of 
America, the Garden Club of Illinois begs to suggest that this plan 
be adopted by all member Clubs. The seedsmen would soon discover 
how widespread is the interest in Garden Clubs, and that the good-will 
of their members is worth having. Catalogues might be less thrilling 
reading, but disappointments would be less keen, and increased care and 
interest would compensate for those vanished thrills. 

January 27, 1915. MRS - WALTER M. BREWSTER. 

Sanvttalia jprocumbens 

One of the most charming and dependable things in my garden is 
a little yellow creeping flower called Sanvitalia Procumbens fl. pi. 

For some reason, it is very little known, but it pleases every one 
who sees it, except those "precieuses" who dislike yellow in the garden. 

It is like a tiny sunflower, more or less double, with a black centre 
and stiff, perky stems. It begins to bloom in July and is still blooming 
when the snow comes. 

I use it as an edging plant on each side of a path thirty feet long. 
It grows and blooms riotously, is lovely with the second bloom of del- 
phinium, but best with masses of Michelmas Daisies behind it. 

It is rather a shy seeder, but otherwise easy to grow. It should be 
started early in flats, and in Northern Illinois can be bedded out toward 
the end of May. The effect is best with at least three rows, the plants 
six inches apart each way. The seed, single and double, is listed in any 
catalogue, but as many plants come single, only the double need be 
ordered. 

The flower is an Italian one, and does well in hot, dry weather. 
The texture of the foliage is rather coarse, but the whole little plant is so 
gay and pretty that small faults are easily forgiven. 

MRS. WALTER M. BREWSTER 
January 27, 1915. Member of the Garden Club of Illinois. 



Wote on anemone 3apontca 

In planting the Anemone Japonica, I have found that it is best to 
do this work in the Spring as soon as the soil is settled and in good 
working condition and growing weather has arrived; and, as the 
anemone dislikes being moved and will succeed best when left undis- 
turbed for a number of years, thorough preparation of the soil is 
necessary. It is well to have the earth dug out to the depth of at least 
two feet. In my own garden I go down two and one-half feet to insure 
good drainage. And if poor, the soil must be replaced with very good 
garden soil mixed with well-rotted manure. If the manure is not obtain- 
able, sheep manure or shredded cattle manure, to be had from the seeds- 
men, may be used. Pot-grown plants are more satisfactory than the field 
grown; and as to location in the border, a position sunny during the 
earlier part of the day and shaded in the afternoon suits them well. 
When in bloom, the flowers seem to last longer in such a situation. 
Anemones require a good deal of moisture, so that after the rains of 
early summer are over and there are times of drought, the plants need a 
thorough soaking at least once a week. This, I think, causes the flower- 
stalks to be much taller. In the matter of cultivation it is rather difficult 
to work the soil very deeply after the first year, as the surface roots 
spread in all directions, and as new plants start from these roots, they 
dislike being disturbed. Keep the top soil moved, and do that very 
carefully. 

For winter protection, cover the plants with about three inches of 
well-rotted compost, and on top of that place several inches of leaves, 
held in place with the tops of the plants cut off to within four inches of 
the ground. 

In the Spring, after the frost is out of the ground, remove the 
leaves and old flower-stalks, leaving the well-rotted compost, and do not 
touch the bed in the way of cultivation until growth is well started. The 
Anemone in this climate starts very late, later than almost any perennial 
that I know of, and seems to object strenuously to being disturbed early 
in the season. Some gardeners are so anxious to make things tidy that 
they kill many of the plants. The old flower-stalks are left to mark the 
places of the seemingly dead plants. 

These notes are very profuse, but I have struggled so long to have 
a group of Anemones, such as I had seen years ago in an old garden at 
Salzburg, and finding it rather difficult to attain, I have thought that my 
experience might be useful to another Anemone enthusiast. 

MISS ELIZABETH S. COOLEY, 

Garden Corner, Grosse Pointe, Michigan. 



The Library has just received a delightful paper from Mrs. Ely on the 
wonderful old gardens in Camden, South Carolina. 



maturating Iftarctssi 

HENRY F. DUPONT, Winterthur, Delaware 

Of the many gardens one can have, there are none which, once 
planned and planted, give more satisfactory results with as little up- 
keep as the one in which Narcissi predominate. The initial cost, other 
than the price of the bulbs, is a negligible one, no grading, sub-draining, 
wall-building, etc., being needed. An open wood-lot, preferably one 
with a gentle slope which has been cleared in part of its underbrush, and 
you have the fundamental requirements of your garden. If one is blest 
with a background of evergreens, trees or shrubs, such as Hemlocks, 
Arborvitae, Kalmias or Rhododendrons, etc., with Cornus Mass, Vibur- 
nums and Spicewood in the foreground, and Virginia Cedars here and 
there among the forest trees in the open, even better effects can be 
obtained; but with simply the contrast of the bare trunks of the trees 
and an undergrowth of spice bushes and wild Viburnums edging the 
adjacent woods, quite lovely results can be had. 

In such a locality as I have described, the paths soon become moss- 
grown and require but an occasional scything; the weeds among the 
bulbs are comparatively few, and once the bulb foliage has died away, 
your garden is indistinguishable from your woodland. If one is troubled 
with field mice, it is wiser to rake away the leaves of the trees after the 
majority have fallen in the Autumn, and this must be done again in the 
early Spring before the bulbs have started their growth, so that each 
plant may have a chance to develop evenly. 

The lay-out, width and arrangement of the paths varies so much in 
each individual situation that it is hardly worth while even to generalize 
on the subject. The width of my main paths is 5 feet 6 inches, and 
seems fairly successful ; but there are also many spaces of varying width 
where one can walk about and around the bulbs. 

Having made up one's mind about the location of the paths, the 
problem of bulb planning and planting confronts us. The general advice 
in catalogues and elsewhere is to scatter the bulbs over the ground 
broadcast with the hand, planting them where they fall. In practice, 
however, it is difficult to do this over any large area and keep the rela- 
tions of the various groups and masses in one comprehensive whole, and 
I find it much simpler to first outline my plantations with fallen twigs 
and branches picked up in the wood. These are found in various 
lengths and shapes, and after removing the side shoots give all the regu- 
larity or irregularity of contour one could desire. When the large planta- 
tions have been laid out, it is a simple matter to connect them by drop- 
ping a few bulbs here and there where they seem to be required. 

As for the actual planting, I use an ordinary pick, finding it much 
quicker than a bulb planter, and I allow enough space for each bulb to 
increase and still remain undisturbed for several years. For the great 
pleasure in a bulb garden is in its permanency, as the first Spring after 
planting, no matter how thickly the bulbs may have been put in, there 



is a certain bareness about the soil which is detrimental to the best effect, 
while even the medium-sized Trumpet varieties have a certain fullness 
and regularity of bloom which suggests the more formal garden. Hap- 
pily, this defect occurs only the first season; but nevertheless the short- 
cupped sections are the most pleasing for naturalizing in large areas. 
If, however, your wood-lot adjoins the lawn, a few Trumpet Narcissi in 
the foreground make a lovely effect ; and in this connection I can recom- 
mend bicolor Horsfieldii most highly. Year after year it blooms pro- 
fusely, and has never yet failed me. P. R. Barr and Grandee lengthen 
the same general effect of color by their successive period of bloom, 
though P. R. Barr is more yellow' in tone than the other two. As for 
Princeps, it refuses to bloom for me after the second season. Golden 
Spur, Obvallaris and Santa Maria are quite the most dependable of the 
yellow kinds, and can be relied upon to contrast pleasingly with Hors- 
fieldii for a part of its period of bloom. There are also excellent smaller 
Trumpet vareities, such as Minor, Nanus and the tiny Minimus, all quite 
charming in their association with Crocii, Chionodoxas, Muscarii and 
other numerous small bulbs and early flowering plants; but the use of 
these is limited to comparatively limited areas. 

For large effects, the medium- and short-cupped sections are unsur- 
passed; and in this connection Poeticus Ornatus combines well with 
Mertensia Virginica and Maidenhair fern. Leedsii Mrs. Langtry is the 
most profuse of bloomers, and Barri Conspicuous blooms freely even 
well back in the woods. 

For one desiring late season Narcissi, the Barri section in this respect 
is even richer in number than the Poeticus. 

Whether one plants large or small a^eas, it is far wiser to group 
together those varieties which bloom at about the same time, thus assur- 
ing one a perennial gratification in an unfailing scheme of contrast and 
combination of color. 

IRew Books 

"EVERYDAY IN MY GARDEN" by Virginia E. Verplanck 

Wm. R. Jenkins Co., Publishers 

At last we have a useful Garden Calendar! 

We have seldom seen a book better suited to the needs of a begin- 
ner, nor, indeed, for the amateur expert of today — for are not all our 
experts too busy slaving in God's Garden of Souls in this year of suffer- 
ing and need the world over to remember times and seasons? 

So, in between charity meetings and Red Cross needs, open the 
calendar and read Mrs. Verplank's clear and terse reminders of what is 
pressing to be done in the garden for the day or week. 

To the beginner I will say that if each plant seems to need a great 
deal of food and medicine (the ferns, like some children, get castor oil 
after the Fourth of July celebrations), do not be discouraged. Given a 
good garden soil to begin with, water and cultivation give satisfactory 
results and lovely flowers; yet if the formulas herein given for each 



plant are used, I believe the resulting increase in size and numbers of 
flowers and vegetables will amply repay one for the extra work and expense. 

Reviewed by MRS. W. W. FRAZIER. 

flMant^Breefcing 

By BAILEY and GILBERT, MacMillan Co. 

To many the term "plant-breeding" is new and startling. As a 
matter of fact, it expresses a much more modern conception than the 
term "animal-breeding," and the acceptance of the term by usage marks 
an epoch in the cultivation of plants. As long as the breeding of plants 
was in the stage of experiment and the laws that governed it not deter- 
mined, the term was avoided, and instead much was written on the 
subject of "improvement" and "amelioration" of plants and "production 
and fixation of variety of plants." Now, as the author of "Plant-Breed- 
ing" points out, "both animal-breeding and plant-breeding are the results 
of a new attitude toward the forms of life — a conviction that the very 
structure, habits and attributes are amenable to change and control by 
man. This is really one of the great new attitudes of the modern world." 

The subject is by no means an easy or simple one. The present 
book is made up of the revised material of a much earlier book by 
Prof. L. H. Bailey, rewritten and brought up to date by Dr. Gilbert, 
professor of plant-breeding in the New York State College of Agriculture. 
Many changes have taken place in scientific theory during the life his- 
tory of this one book, which, founded in the principles established by 
Darwin, has been modified from time to time, in accordance with newer 
ideas. A comprehension of the philosophy of Darwin is, therefore, neces- 
sary to the understanding of the book. 

It is difficult to do credit to the admirable manner in which the 
author has presented these absorbingly interesting but complex theories. 
"Plant-Breeding" is a book for the use, primarily, of the serious student; 
but it is much more. Any one who has worked in a laboratory in con- 
nection with a college course will remember the glow of interest that 
was gradually fanned to a steady flame as, step by step, he was awak- 
ened to an understanding of nature's laws, and the world seemed 
illumined in a more brilliant light. This book produces the same effect. 
The author has the gift of imparting knowledge. He has made scientific 
data readable. With clearness and simplicity and with the imagination 
of the true scientific mind, that knows how to put his statements vividly, 
he first presents to the reader "the fact and philosophy of variation," 
leading him on to an understanding of Darwin's theory of Natural Selec- 
tion, and placing in contrast to this the counter-hypothesis of De Vries* 
theory of mutations. Hybridization is next considered in detail and 
Mendel's law of heredity expounded, and finally the practical details of 
pollination are given. By this time the interest of the reader has been 
so stimulated that at the sight of the compact little pollinating kit, 12 



in. long, 9 in. wide and 3 in. deep, he covets it for his own and longs to 
join the ranks of plant-breeders. 

In the excellent appendix, every help is offered the would-be 
student, a glossary, a full bibliography and a series of laboratory exer- 
cises systematically arranged. 

Plant-breeding on a large scale — and important results can only 
be obtained in this way — is necessarily the work of a specialist. The 
name of Burbank at once comes to every mind in this connection. In 
his private plant-breeding establishment he has demonstrated the possi- 
bilities undreamed of before. But he is only one of many whose atten- 
tion is being given to this subject. There are now professors, students, 
societies who are making it their chief interest. 

All gardeners should comprehend the fundamental principles elab- 
orated in this book. How much more interesting does the Shirley Poppy 
become when we know it to be an example of "mutation from the single 
field Poppy, and illustrative of De Vries' theory that differences of a 
marked character, forming new elementary species, arise suddenly,, and 
not always by the slow process of natural selection. 

Selection always plays an important part, however, and among 
cultivated plants many mutations are the result of a continued selection 
for a number of years, this selection assisting in the breaking of the type 
and thus allowing the mutation to occur. 

Likewise in hybridization, mere crossing is not enough. Selection 
of parents must be followed by selection of crosses, and the act of 
selection is often more important in the result than the cross. Orchids, 
the most carefully selected and the most carefully cultivated of all 
plants, are examples of the most successful hybrids. 

The results of hybridization were for a long time considered largely 
a matter of chance until Mendel's law of heredity was established, domi- 
nant and recessive characters recognized and uniformity and constancy 
along certain lines proved. 

But these are all theories that to be expounded adequately must be 
expounded in detail. 

Incidentally, in the process of elaboration, the zealous gardener 
will discover many practical hints for his own garden. For instance, we 
are told that when selecting seeds it is important that the whole plant 
should be considered rather than any one part, as the more uniform a 
plant is the more likely it is to transmit its characters. Therefore, if one 
wishes larger flowers, choose seed from a plant bearing good-sized 
flowers uniformly, rather than from a plant with some exceptional bloom 
and some that are insignificant. 

"Plant-Breeding" is full of such interesting detail. 

Again we urge upon the attention of the gardener this valuable 
book. 

As amateurs, are we not too prone to revel in the superficial beauty 
of form and color and to ignore the profounder beauty of the mystery 

oi life? Reviewed by MRS. ARTHUR SCRIBNER. 



We announce with much pride and pleasure that Mrs. Francis 
King, of the Michigan Garden Club, is about to give us the result of her 
unusually successful experience in "The Well-Considered Garden," 
Charles Scribner's Sons, a book of essays very fully illustrated, partly 
collected from her published writing and partly entirely new. Miss 
Gertrude Jekyl, the well-known English writer, contributes the preface, 
which is in itself a title of distinction. 

We also look forward to an extremely useful little book, "Planting 
to Attract the Birds," compiled by Mrs. Horatio W. Turner, of the 
Garden Club of Princeton, published by Munder-Thompson Company, 
Water and Gay Streets, Baltimore (price sixty cents), with the purpose 
of assisting builders of bird gardens in making a selection of the trees 
and shrubs that help provide the birds with food. Mrs. Turner's book 
may also be obtained from the Garden Gateway, 48th Street, New York, 
who requested Mrs. Turner to make the book, and from the Secretary 
of the Garden Club of America. 

There are probably few members of the Garden Club to whom the 
name of Ellen Wilmott is not known. Last Summer Mrs. Russell, of 
Princeton, and Mrs. Henry, of Philadelphia, representing the Garden 
Club of America, had the pleasure of visiting this distinguished rosarian 
at her home, Great Warley, Essex. Miss Wilmott herself proved a great 
inspiration, as did also her wonderful garden, where are thousands of 
different species and varieties of plants grown under natural conditions 
in the open, a living herbarium — the work of a lifetime. Miss Wilmott 
showed much interest in the Garden Club, promising an article on 
"Wild Roses" for our last number, and flattering us greatly by writing: 
"The Bulletin is most interesting. I shall be proud to contribute to it." 
But the war came! Now Miss Wilmott writes: "Every spare moment 
I spend in my garden, for the fewer the hands the more need for organ- 
ization and careful thinking out what can best be left undone so as to 
cause the least permanent deterioration to the garden." Matter for 
thought here! "We have twenty-five Belgian refugees absolutely desti- 
tute. It is a large party to keep and clothe, and I am more than ever 
anxious to sell some copies of my book toward the little fund." 

This book is the "Genus Rosa," in twenty-two parts, illustrated 
with exquisite colored plates by Alfred Parsons, will cost about $175, 
including the customs duty, and is very beautiful and of great tech- 
nical value and accuracy. It is, in fact, the "Audubon" of the Rose, 
and the Garden Club is proud to introduce it into America. Any one 
who desires to own this beautiful work of science and art may order it 
directly from Miss Ellen Wilmott, Great Warley, Essex. 

Mrs. Bayard Henry, Germantown, Philadelphia, has a specimen 
number, which she will send if desired. 



Zhc <$arben Club 



of Hmerica 



July 1915 



Honorary President 
MRS. C. STUART PATTERSON 

President 
MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN 

Chestnut Hill. Philadelphia 

Treasurer 
MRS. H. D. AUCHINCLOSS 
33 E. 67th Street. New York 

Secretary 
MRS. BAYARD HENRY 

Germantown, Philadelphia 

Librarian 
MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN 
Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia 



No. IX 



Vice-Presidents 

MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 

Princeton, New Jersey 

MRS. ALFRED ELY 

New Milford, New York 

MRS. FRANCIS KING 
Alma, Michigan 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 
Lake Forest, Illinois 

Editor 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

Lake Forest, Illinois 



The objects of this association shall be: to stimulate the knowledge and love of 
gardening among amateurs ; to share the advantages of association, through conference and 
correspondence in this' country and abroad ; to aid in the protection of native plants and 
birds; and to encourage civic planting. 



"Die when we may, I want it said of me, by those who 
knew me best that I always plucked a thistle and planted a 
flower when I thought a flower would grow." 

— Abraham Lincoln. 



present's Httoress 

Third Annual Meeting of The Garden Club of America 

We have now existed, as The Garden Club of America, for two 
years and are beginning to realize that we have come together on an 
irresistible wave of desire for the beauty of gardens. Our object is to 
garden finely and to induce others to join us in this neglected art. We 
are met with the various objects of seeing gardens, finding out what 
others are doing, how they are doing it, and how it can be done even 
better. 

We have found it convenient to issue, quarterly, a little BULLETIN 
as a means of keeping our scattered membership in touch. The develop- 
ment of this BULLETIN, how to increase its value and usefulness, is one 
of the important subjects before this meeting. The BULLETIN has 
been sent, on request, to the Arnold Arboretum, the American Civic 
Association, many universities and horticultural and agricultural socie- 



ties. Various distinguished amateurs in this country and abroad have 
flattered us with their interest and appreciation. 

We pride ourselves on calling forth the latent literary talent of our 
members. How many may there not be whose articles will make valu- 
able the succeeding numbers of The BULLETIN. 

Our library contains many papers too long for publication in so 
small a magazine as The BULLETIN, and, crowning our achievements, 
are the books of our members, like those of Mrs. Ely, which have done 
much to create the gardening impulse in America, and the more recent 
ones of Miss Frothingham, Mrs. Verplanck, Mrs. King and Mrs. 
Turner. 

From the garden publishers we have received many books for 
review, and publications from innumerable kindred organizations. We 
have many committees who are studying the subjects of a standard 
Color Chart, Test Gardens, Lecturers, Co-operation with Seedsmen, 
Roadside Planting, etc. We look forward to their reports to-day. 

The scattered nature of our membership has produced a large cor- 
respondence, and many letters have been exchanged with outsiders and 
societies desiring our co-operation. 

But the best evidence of our growth in interest and influence is that 
so many of you are here to-day. You are most heartily welcome, and 
all must certainly feel, after this sketch of our activities, that there is 
every good reason that The Garden Club of America should increase 
and multiply and flourish like the green bay tree. 

Elizabeth Price Martin. 

This year's Annual Meeting hadn't quite the charm of the two 
former ones. Mrs. Patterson, our Honorary and honored President, 
was too unwell to be present. We who know her, know only too well the 
difference that it made. Next year, we hope, the newer members will 
experience the added delight that comes with her presence. 



an "(Interesting Communication from a Uen> 
Bistinguisbefc (Barfcener 

I am greatly interested in the news you give of the formation and 
activities of all these Garden Clubs in different parts of the country. 
Much certainly can be expected from them in increasing the taste for 
gardens and the art of proper gardening. It seems to me doubtful, 
however, if the members of these clubs are getting all the good they 
might from the Arboretum. The background of a good garden must 
be composed of trees and shrubs. Deciduous-leaved trees and shrubs 
are the class of plants that do best in Eastern North America. In 
many parts of our country the heat and dryness of summer make summer 
gardening unsatisfactory. The best gardens for America are going to 



be spring and autumn gardens, and the best decorations for these will 
be found among hardy trees and shrubs. 

There is a great deal to be learned in the Arboretum by every one 
interested in gardening in the Northern States, and it seems a pity that 
the Arboretum cannot be made more of a household word in this coun- 
try. I wonder how many of the members of all these clubs have ever 
heard of the Arboretum, or have been here even once, or know any- 
thing about its Bulletins? c s> SaRgen1% 

Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University. 

£be pilgrimage 

From all points of the compass, by various means of locomotion, 
processions are wending their way toward the gracious city of Balti- 
more as their Mecca. The bond that unites the moving throng is a great 
love of flowers, varying in different individuals from a delight in rare 
exotics to those who rejoice in the humblest spring blossom by the way 
and to the latter the joy begins as soon as city pavements give way to 
green roadsides studded with May's exquisite gems. 

In New Jersey the woods are still clothed in many shades of tender 
green, with the soft pink of frequent oaks, but further south the leaves 
have taken their rich summer coloring, throwing into relief the pure 
white of dogwood. Masses of pink pinxter flower brighten the shadows 
under the trees. A whiff of delicious fragrance tells of the presence of 
leucothoe, and on the banks of a stream a spicy breath of sweetness pro- 
claims the swamp magnolia. A scarlet tanager flashes against the 
foliage and the liquid notes of the wood thrush add another joy. 

On every side from flowery meadows arise fountains of song, for 
"small fowl maken melodie," indeed, as the larks voice their springtime 
happiness. Lupins cover large patches, blue as the sky above, and here 
and there the delicate lavender blue of the bird's-foot violet carpets the 
bank of the highway. From its ruff of pale green leaves the fragile white 
star flower peeps out and the star grass adds a rare gleam of yellow. 

Every garden has its flowering shrubs heavy with blossoms — 
spirea, mock orange, snowball, weigelia, the deep yellow globe flower, 
the rare old laburnum, showering sunshine, and the fragrant straw- 
berry shrub. 

From another direction, however, the highest note is struck, for 
over the banks and through the woods near Annapolis are quantities of 
gorse, gorgeously golden against the dark green of the old field pines. 
Many years ago an early settler brought from the beloved moors of his 
home land a tiny plant for the new garden, and there it grew and 
thrived and increased, sending its offspring out into the countryside, 
where their descendants brought a special joy to us that lovely day in 

May# Anne MacIlvaine, 

Garden Club of Trenton. 



Impressions 

Having been asked by the Editor of The BULLETIN to give some 
impressions of the Annual Meeting of The Garden Club of America, 
held in Baltimore, that which first remains indelibly impressed upon my 
memory is the dignity and ability, the charm and gracious personality of 
our President, Mrs. J. Willis Martin, in her conduct of the long hours 
of the business meetings. 

Every waking moment from our arrival in Baltimore until our 
departure from the beautiful city was filled with delight, and the great 
care and forethought of the Garden Clubs of Baltimore, and of Miss 
Clark in particular, who planned with precision for the comfort and 
pleasure of the delegates and non-delegates, will always remain a 
grateful thought. 

Shall we not often live again in happy memory the first gathering 
for tea in Miss Boone's flower-decked rooms, and sit at luncheon in Mrs. 
Garrett's lovely house, and walk through her charming garden with 
its perfect setting of noble woodland? 

And who could forget, and who does not covet, the great box 
hedge in Mr. Jenkin's garden, where the sing-along brook flows be- 
tween the woods and the garden confines? 

And then Miss Jenkin's garden — although new, yet filled with 
many flowers; the lovely tulip, Golden Crown, yellow flushed with red- 
dish orange, exciting the interest and admiration of all. 

Yet, again, the delightful luncheon at Mrs. Shaw's. Where, 
after seeing her most individual little garden, looking over beautiful 
country to the blue hills, we gathered around many small tables, nectar 
and ambrosia spread before us, there was also feast of reason and a 
flow of soul. 

No pen of mine could adequately describe the impression to re- 
main through life of Hampton, that home for generations of a family 
whose history and traditions are a part of the history of Virginia. 

The most vivid impression of all received at the meeting was of 
the women themselves, so deeply interested, so fired with enthusiasm, so 
eloquent with plans for future activities. As in turn each President arose 
to tell of the work of her club, for civic improvement, for beautifying 
highways, for preserving native plants from the too reckless scythe of 
the farmer; teaching children and humbler neighbors to care for their 
gardens; destroying insect pests — we thrilled with the inspiration these 
women gave us in telling of the work they are carrying on, and with 
gratitude to the Garden Club of Philadelphia, the mother of us all, who 
started on its path of usefulness and beauty the great organization of 
The Garden Club of America. 

Helena Rutherford Ely, 
Garden Club of Orange and Dutchess Counties 



Ibampton 

On the afternoon of Tuesday, May 1 1th, The Garden Club of 
America, to the number of some two hundred, was received by Mr. and 
Mrs. Ridgely at Hampton, which opened for us its gates with the 
generous hospitality which has characterized the one hundred and thirty 
odd years of its existence. The drive, shaded by noble trees, led us to 
the house, stately and beautiful to behold, with its columned entrance, its 
high cupola-crowned roof and its two gabled wings. 

The inner man and woman being amply comforted in the dining- 
room, we proceeded through the great hall to the back of the house, 
where before us lay the terraced gardens, designed according to tradi- 
tion in 1 783, when the house was built. 

The first terrace, to which one descends from the house, is flanked 
to right and left by magnificent trees: a paulownia, a catalpa, walnuts 
and pecans undoubtedly dating back to Hampton's beginning, and a 
copper beech, a larch and a cedar of Lebanon, bearing witness to the 
continuation of a love of trees in the Ridgelys of about 1850. 

From the center of this first terrace a great turfed ramp leads down 
through four succeeding terraces to where a wall of evergreens and 
flowering shrubs divides the gardens from the rest of the estate. At the 
level of each terrace the ramp is framed by a pair of Norway spruces 
and a pair of weeping sophoras, and to right and left the gardens are 
bounded all the way down by quite monumental hedges of arbor vitae. 
Fine old Virginia cedars on each terrace stand guard over the formal 
box parterre, and the roses, peonies, bulbs and perennials with which 
they are made gay. 

From gazing on this lovely prospect, we returned to hear Mrs. 
Bruce's interesting paper, giving the history of Hampton and its creators, 
from the first Ridgely of Hampton, the friend of Lafayette, to our kind 
host and hostess, to whom we would express our thanks for the privilege 
of this visit to so fine an example of the "noble art of garden making." 

Eleanor C. Marquand, 

Garden Club of Princeton. 



Baltimore flower flnarfcet 

A fair day in May in Mount Vernon Place is in itself a thing to 
dream of; but fancy that most foreign spot of all our cities, foreign for 
its rare architectural beauty and its atmosphere of age — fancy it under 
a summer sun, the shaft to our great Washington rising from it in fine 
serenity, with fresh foliage of tree and shrub smiling adown the lovely 
terraces of the Place, fountains sparkling among the green and the 
Annual Flower Market of the Civic League in progress — the setting 
and the scene are worthy of each other. 



Gay umbrellas of scarlet, green, orange and yellow alternate with 
striped awnings to protect the pretty sellers and their wares. Here is a 
booth where brown paper bags of leaf-mould, attractively done up, are 
the commodity. Mrs. Foard, whose delightful reading of the historic 
and descriptive paper at Hampton (and who that was there will ever 
forget the scene, the words, the voice!) — Mrs. Foard has the Bird 
Booth, where besides bird boxes and bird-bedecked garden stakes, one 
feels the very romance of the old South, as one is offered grey Spanish 
Moss for birds' nests and sprays of scarlet pomegranate blossom. 

Above the Geranium Booth a canopy of striped white and blue- 
green; over the vegetable and fruit booth, blue and white awnings; here 
asparagus, radishes, lettuce, tomatoes and celery, while strawberries 
from dewy gardens lie in baskets of whitest willow. The Tree-Planting 
Booth is full of interest, Mrs. Gallagher's booth. Here are excellent 
models of suburban blocks with or without trees, boughs of trees most 
suitable for use in Baltimore, and a Rogues' Gallery — nothing more nor 
less than a collection of insects injurious to trees! A model of a city 
back-yard garden is nearby, bearing the injunction Ma\c Your Back 
Yard Lh\o. This! This model has flower borders in which it is a 
pleasure to see color arrangement carefully thought out. 

A Fern Booth, hung with golden gourds filled with growing ferns, 
is an attractive sight 

Pretty women in Dutch costume are selling, of course, tulips; 
others in Italian peasant dress, equally of course, oranges, lemons and 
bananas. Flower stalls there are, booths for garden baskets from far 
countries, booths for garden furniture, garden aprons, hats and tools. 
Here are gay color, gay costumes, beauty, laughter on every side. The 
Flower Market seems the very culmination of our uniquely perfect days 
in Baltimore. As I stroll down these delicious terraces, threading my 
way past one entrancing picture after another, and watching with de- 
light the attractive women and girls whose creation this is and who give 
it its crowning charm, small wonder that the name of the old climbing 
rose runs refrain-like through my mind — "Baltimore Belle, Baltimore 

Belle." T „ 

Louisa King, 

Garden Club of Michigan. 

Iflon^Ddeoates 

Were ever "nobodies" treated as we of the genus "non-delegates" 
were at Baltimore during the Annual Meeting of The Garden Club of 
America? If the Officers and the Delegates were feted — so were we! 

The first day we lunched at the Baltimore Country Club, as 
guests of the Amateur Gardeners' Club of Baltimore, where places 
were set for one hundred and ten of us. Our hostesses were not appalled 
with our number, but changed places at each course, so that they might, 



as they gracefully put it, have the pleasure of knowing as many of us 
as possible. 

Though on the second day the rain fell in torrents, we drove to 
the Green Spring Valley Kennel Club as the guests of the Green 
Spring Valley Garden Club, and the splendid hounds stood at the en- 
trance to welcome us. The luncheon there was even more intimate, for 
by this time we had begun to know each other better ; and now that these 
delightful days are over, we can look forward to the charm of renewed 
acquaintance when we meet again in Lenox next spring. 

Let us hope that the vast number of "nons" who seem to find time 
for, and interest in, these meetings may not embarrass our future hosts — 
and let us suggest that we really not need be quite so sumptuously pro- 
vided for. 

An old French recipe says: A soup of ciboule (scallion), cereuil 
(chervil), oseille (sorrel), and a tiny bunch of parsley and mint, with 
a little milk and a morsel of butter, a pinch or two of salt and pepper, 
and a thin slice of bread make a potage for a king! 

So let our hosts remember that we are not even queens, and give 

us fare befitting our station ! „ n r- 

Elizabeth P. Frazier, 

Garden Club of Philadelphia. 



H letter to tbe Bulletin 

Lenox, Mass., June 10th. 
Dear Bulletin: 

You ask for some impressions of the Baltimore meeting of The 
Garden Club of America. I was chiefly impressed with the earnestness 
of the proceedings, the high percentage of beauty among the ladies 
present, and that I seemed to be the only surviving member of my sex 
interested in the politics of gardening. 

Referring to the exhibition of lantern slide views of gardens, let 
me repeat my plea for a little better collection to show in future. Now 
is the time when our gardens are most beautiful and the sunlight best for 
taking photographs. The autochrome glass plates give us the real 
charm of the garden, its feast of color. Those made in Paris by the 
Lumiere Company seem to be the best. Snapshots cannot be made on 
these plates. A special "color screen" of orange-tinted glass must be 
used, and the exposure made from a tripod. I am not an expert and 
would refer those interested to the Lumiere- Jugla Company, of New 
York, for advice. Any plate camera, with a really good lens, can be 
used. 

My little garden is just beginning to recover from a severe attack 
of weeds and insects which overwhelmed it during my absence in Cali- 
fornia. We are still busy fighting all fifty-seven varieties of each. 
Sometimes I think we have conquered and walk around complacently, all 



dressed up in my Sunday clothes, ready to enjoy the flowers. But, sud- 
denly, I spy a great big sassy weed right in the midst of my pets. I 
stoop to pull him and discover two or three more near by, then dozens 
loom up — and soon I am covered with mud and confusion and ready 
to aver that gardening is just one darned thing after another! Insects 
and weeds have no more regard for a member of The Garden Club of 
America than for an ordinary human being. 

But, let me confide a secret process to eliminate both pests. I am 
teaching the insects to eat the weeds. The method follows: Catch a 
few healthy insects of each species and confine them for several days 
without food. Be careful not to cage delicate little aphids with brutal 
cut-worms and rose-beetles, but put them in separate bottles. When they 
seem sufficiently hungry give them a meal of dandelions or chickweed 
and note results. After a few weeks' training they grow to like this 
diet and can be released to act as missionaries among their unregenerate 

feIlows * Respectfully submitted, 

Thomas Shields Clarke. 

Book IReviews 

"THE WELL-CONSIDERED GARDEN" 

By MRS. FRANCIS KING 

To see color not in masses only, but in combinations ; to appreciate 
the value of outline, strength of impression, and grace of position in 
plants used in gardens, are rare talents, the use of which can make a 
flower garden an artistic achievement. These are faculties which our 
author possesses, and she has outlined for us, in this delightful book, her 
successes in grouping and arrangement for color, outline, and succession 
of bloom. What lover of gardens has not seen, in various wanderings 
about the earth, lovely effects in color and arrangement and perhaps, 
though that seems to be very rare, a thoroughly harmonious garden? 
But who has attempted to record that beauty with the hope of repro- 
ducing some of it, without a despairing feeling of incompetence? What 
were the varieties used, if the plants themselves were familiar? Nor do 
we know anything about the past and future of the delightful vision. 
Despairing search in catalogues of bulbs, annuals, perennials and shrubs, 
grief over misnamed colors, distraction over tables of "succession of 
bloom!" But take up this careful record and all is made easy, and the 
"Well-considered Garden" will help you to many a combination, giving 
the name and variety of each plant used; for example: 

Pink Canterbury Bells. 

Gypsophilla Paniculata. 

Iris Pallida var. Dalmatica. 

Stachys Lanata. 

Statice Incana. 



Think of them — tall and bold, cloudy and fine; pink, white, deep 
blue, pale lavender — one sees the group and the color, and, with the 
data, may reproduce it at will. 

Mrs. King introduces us to many plants new to the ordinary 
gardener. Her color combinations are very delicate and full of surprises. 
Flowers of fine presence and beauty of form give emphasis to her com- 
binations. 

There is a chapter on "Gardeners," the first practical suggestion I 
have seen, looking toward the development and recognition of such a 
profession in the United States. 

But one turns back again and again to Color Harmony, Companion 
Crops, Succession Crops, and Balance with the feeling that a want 
has been supplied and that with this guide one may hope that dreams 
will come true, and a fairy godmother's wand will dress our little 
Cinderella in such lovely raiment that "all the company wonders at her 
beauty." 

It is to be noticed that Mrs. King does not depend for effects upon 
exotic plants, never using the vivid flowers and strong foliage of tropical 
vegetation in her plans. Four plans worked to a scale, and folded in 
the back of the book, offer examples of the planting of spring flowers and 
hardy borders which may be best used as given, but might be varied in 
many ways, while using the measurements and arrangement for height. 

The appendix on "Garden Clubs" does not give Mrs. King credit 
for having inspired the Garden Club of Michigan, of which she was 
the first President, and is the most distinguished member. 

Mary Anderson, 
Garden Club of Michigan. 

"THE PRINCIPLES OF FRUIT-GROWING" 

By L. H. BAILEY 

MacMillan Co.. 1 91 5 -Price $1.75 

This twentieth edition of a valuable book has been sent to us to 
review — and to say that it is complete in every detail to the purpose of 
the fruit grower is to repeat what must have been published about it 
many times. It is a manual of fruit growing for the professional, with 
careful suggestions to the amateur, and an appeal to the fruit-loving 
public to demand first-class fruit by educating themselves to an appre- 
ciation of it. 

"At one time," says Mr. Bailey, "a pleasant collection or museum 
of growing fruits was considered to be a part of a good private estate. 
Most fruit eaters have never eaten a first-class apple, pear or peach, and 
do not know what such fruits are; all this is as much to be deplored as 
a loss of standards of excellence in literature and music, for it is an 
expression of a lack of resources and a failure of sensitiveness." 

E. P. F. 



"PLANTING TO ATTRACT BIRDS" 

This attractive little book, which was sold to us at the Annual 

Meeting in Baltimore, deserves to be circulated as widely as possible, 

especially among those who are not bird lovers, as it states a reasonable 

need for this means of protecting the trees and crops, which the practical 

agriculturalist too often deems beneath his notice. The suggestions are 

simple enough to be within the reach of every one. _ ._, „ 

h. r. r. 

Mrs. Turner's book may be had from The Garden Gateway, 1 33 
East 48th Street, New York City. Price, 60 cents. 



The Garden Club of Michigan has distinguished itself by the pub- 
lication of an invaluable little book, "Pronunciation of Plant Names." 
It is a reprint of an authoritative English publication, now out of print, 
and gives in a most convenient and easily understood form, really de- 
pendable information on that most elusive of subjects, accent and pro- 
nunciation. The price is $1.00, and the book may be had from Mrs. 
Edward Parker, 720 Jefferson Avenue, Detroit, Mich. 

Let it be added that it should be possessed by all members of 
The Garden Club of America. 

At its Third Annual Meeting the following clubs were admitted 
to membership in The Garden Club of America: Garden Club of Som- 
erset Hills, Ulster Garden Club, Rye Garden Club, Garden Club of 
Twenty, Garden Club of Harford County, Md., Easthampton Garden 
Club, Albemarle Garden Club, Litchfield Garden Club, Garden Club 
of Millbrook, N. Y. 

In the next BULLETIN a list of Member Clubs, their Presidents 
and Secretaries, will be appended. 

Excerpts from a clipping sent by Mrs. Renwick, of the Short Hills 
Garden Club: 

From Connecticut comes the suggestion that an arrangement be 
made for a closed season for wild flowers as well as for game. 

The Garden Club of America heartily endorses the idea. 

In New England the mountain laurel and trailing arbutus are 
becoming as rare as the passenger pigeon in bird life. Everywhere 
spots once gay with spring flowers are being ravaged by thoughtless 
picnickers and market men. The hillsides are being stripped of their 
beauty to yield a few moments' pleasure or a handsome profit. 

But the spirit of protest is making itself felt. One result of the 
modem emphasis upon nature study is increased appreciation of the 
beauty and decorative possibilities of various plants which once attracted 
little attention. That these may be preserved for the benefit of the 



entire community a penalty might be exacted for the gathering, selling 
or possession of certain flowers at certain times. It would, at least, 
induce greater care upon the part of the majority, even if it did not 
absolutely protect the hillsides, roadsides and woods from their despoilers. 
A further step would be to prohibit the removal or destruction of 
certain wild plants for a period of three to five years, to give the plants 
a chance to multiply. 

Hlotes 

A few of the seeds sent for sale by Miss Ellen Willmott, of War- 
ley Place, Great Warley, England, are still to be had. In purchasing 
these seeds, not only may we give much future pleasure to ourselves, but 
help Miss Willmott to care for twenty-five Belgians who this year are 
occupying her time and Warley Place. The seeds are $1.00 a packet, 
but the packets are large, and might easily be divided among three or 
four people. Not many are left, so orders should be sent to Mrs. 
Bayard Henry, Germantown, Philadelphia, Pa., at once. 

A series of charming and no less accurate colored plates of Amer- 
ican wild flowers, with interesting descriptive text, begins in the May 
number of the Geographic Magazine. These will be continued until a 
fairly complete collection has been published. The pictures are by Miss 
Mary E. Eaton, and cannot be too highly praised. In this series the 
Geographic Magazine will do for wild flowers what it has previously so 
well done for birds. 

Through the Committee on the Improvement of Highways and 
Settlements a very valuable paper on "Roadside Planting," by Ossian 
C. Symonds, of Chicago, 111., has been printed and may be had from 
the Secretary, Mrs. Henry. 

The Librarian, Miss Goodman, has sixty-eight papers, the majority 
by Club members, which are at the disposal of the Clubs. A list of 
titles will be sent on application. 

The following papers will shortly be printed by the Club: 

Prize Essay for 1915, "Landscape Gardening," by Charles Ren- 
wick, associate member of the Short Hills Garden Club. 

Paper on "Hampton," written by Mrs. Cabel Bruce, for the 
Third Annual Meeting. 

A leaflet giving information in regard to the founding, objects and 
activities of The Garden Club of America. 

In this, her first number of The BULLETIN, the new Editor asks 
indulgence and pardon for sins about to be committed. It is with 



trepidation she accepts an honor too little coveted. Had any one else 
wanted the editorship, by simple reasoning the conclusion is reached, that 
the present Editor would never have been appointed. 

But here "we" are, ready to try, willing to be taught, and eager 
for encouragement. 

We cry for help and await a rain of contributions. We ask for 
criticism and dread a prompt response. 

The garden is begun, the wherewithal to plant is vigorous and well- 
selected. It remains that we, the gardener, garden finely and achieve 
results. 



Zhe <3ar6en Club 

of Hmerica 



September 1915 



Honorary President 
MRS. C. STUART PATTERSON 

President 
MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia 

Treasurer 
MRS. H. D. AUCHINCLOSS 

33 E. 67th Street, New York 

MRS. BAYARDI-IENRY 

Germantown, Philadelphia 

Editor 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

Lake Forest, Illinois 



No. X 



Vice-Presidents 

MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 

Princeton, New Jersey 

MRS. ALFRED ELY 

New Milford, New York 

MRS. FRANCIS KING 
Alma, Michigan 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 
Lake Forest, Illinois 

Librarian 
MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN 
Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia 



The objects of this association shall be: to stimulate the knowledge and love of 
gardening among amateurs ; to share the advantages of association, through conference and 
correspondence in this country and abroad ; to aid in the protection of native plants and 
birds ; and to encourage civic planting. 



I, too, will set my face to the wind and throw my handful of 
seed on high. — Fiona Macleod. 



3fa JWemoriam 



THE HONORARY PRESIDENT 

Jfflr& C Stuart Patterson 

16th of August, 1915 

"As the rainbow giving light in the bright clouds, and as the flower of 
roses in the days of the spring, and as the lilies that are on the brink of the 
water, and as the sweet smelling frankincense in the time of summer." 

— Ecclesiasticus 50:8. 



TReccipt for a (Sarfcen 

Take the rim of as much of the world as you can see and use it 
for the bowl in which you make your garden. Sky-line, hills, low- 
lands, trees near and far, roofs of houses are the bowl. In its center 
is — your garden! 

Make an island of color that glows and vibrates and dashes up 
against the sides of your bowl, threatening to overleap its barrier and 
escape into the sky with the butterflies. 

Make in the midst of the color a still place that reflects all things 
— sky, trees and glow — but hides its own secret: a dark cool plash of 
water that can be heard in the night. 

Give each flower a place most becoming to its beauty and consider 
its tastes when you choose its companions. So that you, for whose 
pleasure they grow, may enjoy the flowers, make paths through the 
glowing groups, and to learn the art of paths study the Persian rugs 
patient artists have made in the Far East, centuries before you were 
born. 

Every day walk around the rim of your island of color. It must 
be beautiful looking in as well as beautiful looking out. 

If it fills your bowl it will fill no other. 

Sarah Lowrie. 

£rees ant) the public 

Trees form the background of civilization. The village without 
trees is bold and barefaced, flaunting its imperfections in the eyes of 
the world. The village with trees is retiring and modest, screening its 
imperfections until they are overcome. No street is beautiful, no avenue 
inspiring, in an aesthetic sense, without trees. 

The importance of trees along our streets and driveways has long 
been realized, and parks have been well planted and their trees given 
adequate protection for many years. 

But growing, as city trees do, under new conditions, they require 
far more attention than trees en masse that form an unbroken canopy 
as is the condition in the forest. During recent years the public has 
begun to appreciate the fact that park and street trees need more than 
ordinary care to make them develop into large, symmetrical, impressive 
specimens, the crowning glory, the pride of the community. 

This realization is shown in the hosts of "tree doctors" and "tree 
surgeons" that have appeared within recent years, whose special func- 
tion is to scrape, prune, spray and feed not only the park and street 
trees, but those that surround your houses and are your special pride 
and attention. You are willing to pour out money to save your trees. 
Without an experienced arborculturist as a city or village official, how- 
ever, you are forced to turn for help to the traveling "tree doctor" and 
pay him liberally for his services, often, however, with indifferent and 



disastrous results. Among these so-called experts to my personal knowl- 
edge some are barbers, barkeepers and the like, who have seen an 
opportunity to prey upon the public by passing as tree experts. These 
men scrape, prune and spray, cut great unnecessary cavities which they 
fill with unnecessary cement. Their chief function is not to preserve 
the trees, of which they have little or no knowledge, but to run up as 
large bills as the public will stand. 

What, then, are our cities and villages going to do to conserve 
their trees? There is but one safe course to pursue. Employ an ex- 
perienced arborculturist as a city or village official. Make him re- 
sponsible for the management of the street trees and, if necessary, the 
park trees. Let him be the expert whose business it is to consult with 
you and every citizen regarding the kinds, care and management of all 
city trees. 

The cities and villages of the East, in rapidly increasing numbers, 
are employing such men. Indeed, the trees of no community are safe 
until one man of broad training and experience is responsible for their 
care and protection. Under our present system, or lack of system, with 
each property owner planting and caring for the trees along the streets 
facing his own property, the street trees are a medley of species, some 
too closely, some too widely spaced, some well cared for, others broken 
and scarred with the foliage destroyed by insects. The wrong species 
are often planted, and dead or dying specimens left standing long after 
they should be removed. All of these defects are automatically reme- 
died when a well-considered and orderly plan has been developed by 
city planning and its execution is in charge of a responsible, trained and 
experienced man. 

The employment of a city or village arborculturist means economy 
and better trees. The first duty of the arborculturist is to make a com- 
plete inventory of all the trees along every street and avenue. The con- 
dition of the tree should be recorded and plans made for additional 
plantings. Records should be kept of all trees to be removed or re- 
paired. Plans for protection from insects and fungi should be per- 
fected before the necessity arises. Regulations should be made regard- 
ing pavements. Attention should be given to the laying of water and 
gas pipes that as little damage as possible be done the roots. Oversight 
should be given to the stringing of trolley and other overhead wires that 
the crowns are not unnecessarily mutilated and made unsightly. 

What city and village trees require more than all else is constant 
and adequate oversight by an efficient, faithful, public servant. I see 
no other way in city and village development by which the trees can 
be made a fitting background for architectural structures and give the 
citizens a just pride in their community. 

J. W. TOUMEY, 
Director of the Yale Forest School. 



flMan to Beautify the Country IRoafcetfces 

The Warrenton Garden Club has begun a campaign of rousing 
interest in beautifying our roadsides, or rather in preserving their natural 
beauty. Committees have been appointed for each road leading into 
Warrenton, with a view to preventing the destruction and disfigurement 
of the native growth along the roads. 

In many States and foreign countries an elaborate and expensive 
system of roadside panting has been undertaken for the purpose of giv- 
ing shade and attractive appearance to the public roads. In this locality 
this is unnecessary, unless we make it necessary, by exterminating what 
we now have. Beautiful trees grow naturally, giving refreshing shade; 
and for beauty we have dogwood, redbud, elder, spicewood, sumac, 
sweet briar, honeysuckle, wild grape, Virginia creeper, ferns and many 
beautiful flowers. 

All these plants are sought after for royal gardens; all they ask 
of us is the right to grow and make our roadsides attractive and fra- 
grant. To cut, slash and burn them and call the process cleaning up, 
is as if the housekeeper for a spring cleaning should make a bonfire of 
her carpets, curtains, pictures and ornaments. Every property owner 
should protest against anything that disfigures the country, as it is cer- 
tain that beauty adds greatly to the value of property. But there are 
other considerations which make these natural hedges valuable. They 
protect the birds, the farmer's best friends, the surest and cheapest de- 
stroyers of injurious insects. They prevent the banks washing and 
stopping the ditches. And the roadsides, if left bare, soon become the 
breeding places of cockleburs and other noxious weeds, whose seeds 
stick to the legs of horses and other animals and so spread rapidly 
through the country. 

flRore about tbe Color Cbart 

In reading over the accounts of the third Annual Meeting of the 
Garden Club of America at Baltimore, it appears nothing was definitely 
decided as to the adoption of a standard color chart, with the idea of 
urging its use by the seedsmen. 

I think it goes without saying that all gardeners, especially ama- 
teurs, feel the necessity of knowing the true colors with which they are 
working, which is, of course, an impossibility from the verbal descrip- 
tions in the catalogues. 

It was hoped that an abbreviated color chart would be published, 
but as none seems forthcoming, I understand the committee considers 
the Ridgway Chart the best available. 

We now have the opportunity of buying it at the greatly reduced 
price of four dollars per volume, instead of eight, provided we purchase 
the entire edition of five hundred volumes now remaining in Doctor 
Ridgway's hands. 



With over fifteen hundred members in the Garden Club of 
America, it would seem easily possible to take up the edition which we 
now have the opportunity of doing before it is offered in England, and 
surely so progressive and influential an organization should further a 
pioneer movement in this direction. 

As some of the Garden Clubs only hold summer meetings, would 
it not be wise for each club to find out exactly how many of its mem- 
bers would subscribe, so that the committee in charge would have some- 
thing definite to go upon? At the last Annual Meeting the matter was 
held in abeyance because the delegates could not pledge their clubs to 
subscribe for any specific number. 

Copies of the chart may be obtained from Dr. Robert Ridgway, 
Bird Haven, Olney, 111. 

Emily D. Renwick, 
Short Hills Garden Club. 

It is the suggestion of the Executive Committee that all member 
clubs give the matter of a color chart serious consideration and send to 
The BULLETIN, for insertion in one of its winter numbers, any ideas 
and suggestions they may have on the subject. As Mrs. Renwick says, 
it is a question of great importance, and one very difficult to settle. 
There exist two or three charts, all of which are well done but very 
bulky. A simplified form of one of them would seem to meet the re- 
quirements of the club and of seedsmen. This is one of the matters in 
which the Garden Club of America ought to be able to exert real 
influence. 

an Unvitatton 

The Garden Club of Short Hills, N. J., will hold its Sixth An- 
nual Dahlia Show at the Short Hills Club House, on Wednesday and 
Thursday, September 29 and 30, 1915. 

All members of the Garden Club of America are invited to attend 
and also to exhibit. The rules for exhibition require that three blooms 
to one vase of each variety be shown, and that all who wish to compete 
for the cups pay an entry fee of $1.00. This fee pays the expenses of 
the show. 

Garden Club members are also cordially invited to take lunch at 
the Club House on Thursday, September 30th, as the guests of the 
Short Hills Garden Club. All who are able to accept this charming 
invitation are requested to send a personal word to the Secretary, Mrs. 
Charles H. Stout, Short Hills, N. J. 

A train leaves the D., L. & W. station, Hoboken, at 12.15 P. M. 
and arrives at Short Hills at 12.52 P. M. 

The Garden Club of Cincinnati will hold its invitation exhibition 
for amateur dahlia growers on September 21, 1915. 

The American Dahlia Society will hold its Annual Show at the 
Museum of Natural History, New York, September 24th to 26th. 



Gwo pu33Ung (Questions 

Last August cuttings were taken from perfect plants of giant 
fringed white petunias and pale lilac petunias veined with purple, both 
having golden hearts. 

The cuttings wintered successfully in cold frames — some two hun- 
dred of them — and fine healthy plants were set out in the garden the 
19th of May. To-day, June 1st, every plant is in bloom. Both the 
lilac and the white have reverted to the small original white petunia. 

Cuttings of the splendid royal purple variety taken at the same 
time have come true in color and in form. We all understand reversion 
and the difficulty of obtaining true flowers from petunia seed, but why 
the reversion of cuttings from the parent plant? 

Helena Rutherford Ely, 
Garden Club of Orange and Dutchess Counties. 

Can any one tell me why so much of my garden has come out in 
magenta this year? 

It is a color I detest and whenever a plant shows symptoms of this 
hated shade it is taken out and set in a place apart — a leper patch. 
Two flowers only are tolerated in crimson, a soft, velvety Sweet Will- 
iam from Abbots ford, and the fragrant Bee-Balm, so dear to our grand- 
mothers. 

The Sweet Dame Rocket was the first to appear dressed in calico 
— white with stripes of magenta. Then all the pale rose-colored 
peonies were crimson. The hollyhocks, with pinked edges from Kew 
gardens, usually white, yellow and pale pink, were a blatant magenta, 
being nine feet high and stronger and taller than usual, but the most 
surprising is the creamy yellow Gloire de Dijon rose, which was a deep 
pink. What enemy hath done this? 

Helen Hamilton Stockton, 

Garden Club of Princeton. 




Some Xittle TUseo but H)estrable perennials 

Phlox Arendsi. — A new type of phlox resulting from the crossing 
of Phlox Divaricata Canadensis and Phlox Decussata. The plant is 
of medium height and the flower charming shades of lavender with a 
darker eye. It begins to bloom toward the end of May and flowers 
continuously for about eight weeks, thus bridging a gap when border 
flowers are few. 

Thalictrum Aquilegiafolia. — A tall growing rue with most orna- 
mental foliage which keeps its color and freshness all through the sump 
mer. The beautiful, tassel-like blossom is mauve or white and appears 
in great panicles in early June. 

Thalictrum Dipterocarpum. — Another most beautiful rue with 
sprays of rosy lilac blossoms with prominent yellow anthers in July. 
Very charming and desirable. 



Valeriana Rubra. — A very pretty bright rose colored valerian. 
Blooms in June and July in flat panicles of sweet-scented flowers. 
Height about 1 2 inches. Good for edging. 

Hydrangea Arborescens Crandiflora and Grandiflora Cineraria 
Sterilis. — A most beautiful form of Hydrangea, suitable for the herb- 
aceous border. Huge panicles of large white flowers and good foliage. 
By using the two varieties the season of bloom may be lengthened, as 
the second named is a late variety. 

Delphinium Moerheimi. — A very lovely white variety of the 
Belladonna type. The flowers are large and very white and the bloom- 
ing season long. 

Dianthus Deltoides. — A very gay dianthus with tiny single bright 
pink flowers blooming through June and most of July. An excellent 
edging plant, whose grayish green foliage lasts through the summer. 

Nepeta Mussini. — Spikes of pale violet flowers and light blue- 
green feathery foliage. Height, 1 to 2 feet. Blossoms from the middle 
of May throughout the season. A useful edging and border plant 
Needs sun. 

Use more of the misty white and grayish blue flowers in your 
garden next year. All the gay bright flowers are more charming if 
they grow among ' Gypsophila Paniculata, either single or double, or 
have near them a mass of Eryngium Amysthinum or Echinops Ritro. 

Give more thought, too, to the plants with foliage that keeps green 
and fresh through the summer. Peonies, iris, columbines, funkia, sedum, 
many spireas, Japanese Anemones, dicentra formosa, valerian officien- 
alis and hardy pinks make a delightful garden, whether in bloom or not. 

IRose Silver flDoon 

Superlatives seem hardly superlative enough, in my estimation, to 
describe the new climbing rose, SILVER Moon. It is the beautiful 
child of Rosa Cherokee and Rosa Wichuriana, and inherits the best 
qualities of both parents. The flower is exquisite; in bud a deep cream, 
unfolding into a pure white, semi-double perfect flower, four to five 
inches in diameter, filled with yellow stamens. 

The foliage possesses a full list of desirable qualities. The leaves 
are as large as those of any of the Hybrid Tea Roses and are of a very 
dark shade of green, glossy and entirely immune from mildew. 

I fear there may be doubting Thomases if I add two more virtues 
to the account of this rose, but it does grow ten to twelve feet in a 
season, is very vigorous and very hardy. 

It is, in my humble estimation, the finest climbing rose yet pro- 
duced. 

Lawson Melish, 
Garden Club of Cincinnati. 



Suggestions for fall flManting 

(These arrangements are not theoretical, but have been success-r 
fully used by members of the Garden Club of America.) 
For an oblong bed of Darwin and Cottage Tulips: 
Back (first) row — Margaret or Gretchen — pale pink. — Darwin. 
Second row — Clara Butt — bright pink. — Darwin. 
Third row — La Tristesse — mauve. — Darwin. 
Fourth row — Moonlight — canary yellow. — Cottage. 
Fifth row — Vitellina — cream white. — Cottage. 

Alice K. Carpenter, 

Garden Club of Illinois. 

Darwin Tulip, Dream — deep mauve — with carpet of yellow 
Pansies. 

For early May — Tulip, Le Reve and Mertensia Virginica. 
A June planting — Oriental Poppy, Mrs. Perry and Mary Stud- 
holme, darkest Blue Iris Germanica, and Aquilegia Sulphurea. 

A summer planting — Masses of pink Snapdragon against a great 
clump of Gypsophila Paniculata. 

Jessie Peabody Butler, 

Garden Club of Illinois. 

Companions that increase each other's charm: 

Lobelia Cardinalis and Campanula Pyramidalis. 

Anchusa Italica Dropmore, Opal and Valerian Officinalis. 

PuuWi flMwfr'B j i iI ^UjjjJhJ mil j gmyu 

Oriental Poppies and Valerian Officinalis. 
When there is room for a mass planting, Oriental poppies of an 
intense blood red shade can be used with small clumps of Valerian 
officinalis (garden heliotrope) interspersed among them. The heavy 
effect produced by the vivid poppies is lightened by the airy open heads 
of white which the Valerian lifts high above them, supported on strong 
stalks, rising from a clump of fern-like foliage, which remains in good 
condition throughout the summer and helps to cover the space left bare 
by the poppies. 

Foxgloves and Penstemon Digitalis. 
A charming effect was produced by using the pale pink and pink- 
ish white shades of Foxgloves behind a screen of Penstemon digitalis, 
whose fairy bells in clustered heads of pink and white repeated the 
Foxglove colors. The Penstemon grows high enough to cover the bare 
stems of the Foxgloves, but not too high to hide its flowers. It con- 
tinues after the Foxgloves have faded and keeps its glossy green foliage 
all summer. 



Sweet William and Stachys Lanata. 
The silvery-green leaves of Stachys lanata form a thick velvety 
carpet from which rise slender leafy stalks clothed irregularly with rosy 
lavender inconspicuous flowers. It is generally used as a border or 
edging plant, in which case it is not allowed to bloom. This treatment 
I heard recommended by a garden lecturer. It would rob our gardens 
of the etheral charm which is presented by a mass of Stachys lanata in 
full bloom. The effect is indescribably lovely, suggesting the rosy flush 
of dawn. When Sweet William is planted with Stachys lanata for a 
foreground, so that the clustered heads of the Sweet William (in the 
soft old-fashioned shades) appear through and above the widely spaced 
spikes of Stachys, we have an effect that is cumulative. 

Hollyhocks and Bocconia Cordata. 
The foliage of Bocconia cordata (plume poppy) is ornamental, 
whereas that of the hollyhock is coarse, when insects and disease leave 
any foliage at all. If Bocconia is so planted as to screen a large group 
of hollyhocks without hiding them, an unusually lovely effect is attained. 
Every stalk of Bocconia is topped by a large lacy plume of creamy 
white, which sways in the gentlest breeze, thus lending a mysterious 
charm to vivid colored hollyhocks by half concealing and half disclos- 
ing them. Bocconia is a rampant grower, capable of taking possession 
of a whole garden if unrestrained. 

Matilda A. Donoho, 
Garden Club of East Hampton, L. I. 

The two beautiful sisters, Irises Pallida Dalmatica, and Pallida 
Juniata (taller and darker than Dalmatica) ; a number of the delicate 
rose-pink Oriental Poppy, Rose Queen; some long-spurred white Co- 
lumbines, edged with Myosotis Nixenauge, is a most satisfying combina- 
tion for the border in May. 

A background of Tamarix Africana and T. Indica; masses of 
that heavenliest of blue Delphiniums, Capri; the gold-banded Iris, 
Ochroleuca, borne on five-foot stems ; white Japanese Iris ; a little 
Gypsophila paniculata, to lighten the group; finished with an edging of 
Cerastium tomentosum, is a good arrangement for June. 

In the wilder parts of the shrubbery borders, or in the wild 
garden, try Hemerocallis fulva (the brown-orange day lily) with 
Asclepias tuberosa; lightened with a free planting of Wild Carrot 
(Queen Anne's Lace). It is too lovely in July! 

Buddleia veitchiana with its exquisite lavender spikes; the in- 
comparable white phlox, Frau Antoine Buchner; flesh-pink zinnias; that 
lovely dwarf white phlox, Tapis Blanc, and an edging of Nepeta mus- 
sini, the flowers of which repeat the lavender of the Buddleia blossoms, 
is a combination to delight the heart of any artist in July. 

Lawson Melish, 
Garden Club of Cincinnati. 



A bit of hardy border planted with the simplest material possible 
gave me great satisfaction during May and June this year. The border 
is a narrow one with a honeysuckle hedge as background, and in front a 
mass of crimson Sweet William. In the middle row was a clump of 
Madonna lilies and corn flowers of two shades of blue; then a Hermosa 
rose and a clump of iris, I do not know the name, of pale purple with 
greenish-tan standards. At the back the honeysuckle was in full bloom, 
part white and buff, part white tipped with pink. Many colors, but 
not one harsh note. There had been bulbs in this border for earlier 
flowering, but I plant nothing later, as it is too dry and sunny for mid- 
summer flowers. 

Isabel Van Meter Gaskins, 

Warrenton Garden Club. 

An Althea hedge pruned severely back each year and never culti- 
vated is one of the prettiest things in the garden. The bushes, deep 
pink, pale pink, pink blotched and white flowered ; in front are pink and 
yellow double hollyhocks, and in front of and among these giant flesh 
and lemon yellow zinnias; this makes an almost continuous mass of 
bloom. 

Try masses or rows of Iris, with Kochia or summer Cypress 
among them. Kochia, though an annual, seeds itself. Its pale feathery 
green with the flat blue-green of Iris is beautiful all summer, while in 
August the Kochia turns a brilliant crimson to add a fine color note. A 
few plants of snow-on-the-mountain (Euphorbia Marginata) adds to 
the rather wild beauty of this effect, and, like the Kochia, seeds itself. 
These require no care and can stand intense drought. 

Try pink Pantheon Phlox in masses with the double Gypsophilia 
among them. 

Pale yellow Viola cornuta in masses surrounding annual blue 
Larkspur, in a formal garden, with low English Box edging. 

Masses of white Nicotiana, with deep and pale blue Delphinium 
against a gray wall. 

Small rose gardens laid off, after patterns called in old English 
garden books, "Knots," filled with everblooming Baby rambler roses, 
Tausendschoen, Baby Dorothy, or that old standby, Madame Lavavas- 
seur with, in the center, a sun-dial, bird's-bath, or a so-called Gazing- 
globe with small-leafed English ivy creeping up the pedestal. Birds 
flock to these brilliant rose knots. 

White drifts of Shasta daisies with masses of scarlet Bergamot 
(Monarda Dydima). 

Mrs. Julian Keith, 
Warrenton Garden Club. 



Up in the New Hampshire hills lies a garden, small but beauti- 
fully complete as to plan and flower arrangement. 

In it one planting in particular this spring was so harmonious and 
unusual as to be a joy to all fortunate beholders. 

Against a stone retaining wall, and with a background of low 
evergreens, was a mass of Mertensia Virginica, the beautiful blue cow- 
slip of our Southern States. In front of these were pale yellow single 
Narcissi and the exquisite drooping blue panicles of the Mertensia, with 
some of its flowers fading into pink, and mingling with the yellow, was 
a feast in harmony of color, which will long be remembered by one 
ardent admirer. 

Margaret L. Gage, 

Litchfield Garden Club. 

The following happy color arrangement of white and blue, with 
a touch of yellow, has proved most satisfying in a curved garden bed. 
The ends were carpeted with Cerastium tomentosum; while Acquilegia 
caerula, Phlox divaricata, Laphami, and Iris Germanica gave many 
tones of blue and violet. The great clumps of rocket, in mauve shading 
to white, added a touch of sturdiness to the background, while the 
border of palest yellow English cowslips gave the whole an effect of 
softness and delicacy. 

Elise Logan Rhoads, 
The Weeders, Philadelphia. 



Book IReviews 

"THE ART OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE" 

By SAMUEL PARSONS 

C. P. Putnam's Sons 

Easily the most important contribution of the year to the literature 
of landscape gardening is Mr. Samuel Parsons' "The Art of Land- 
scape Architecture." 

In spite of a title that may discourage the owner of a modest half 
acre, Mr. Parsons' book will reward any one intelligently interested in 
gardening even on the smallest scale. The garden is treated as a work 
of art, a work of conscious beauty, and the purpose is to explain and 
illustrate the principles of the art. 

The author has drawn copiously on the wisdom of the masters of 
landscape gardening, but he quotes for principles, not for slavish imi- 
tation, and his criticism of ambitious American gardening is largely 
because of its attempt to produce quick and striking results by lavish 
horticultural effects, while neglecting the gradual development of 
American themes. It is the small place, where money is not greater 



than taste, and where not only the spirit of the environment but the per- 
sonality of the owner has found expression, that Mr. Parsons finds his 
approved American examples. 

Not only the broad principles underlying the architecture of the 
garden, but not a little advice and suggestion as to details make this 
work a most helpful and inspiring guide. 

M. D. B. 



"DESIGN IN LANDSCAPE GARDENING" 

By RALPH RODNEY ROOT and CHARLES F. KELLEY 

Century Co.— $2.00 net 

In "Design in Landscape Gardening" the authors have compiled 
their lectures, given at the University of Illinois, into a book of much 
originality, which is one of the first fruits of the new movement to pro- 
vide technical education in landscape gardening, comparable to that in 
architecture. 

An interesting chapter among the six is that on design, which 
insists upon unity, harmony and rhythm. But perhaps the most valu- 
able chapter is that on color, in which are splendid discussions of a 
color chart, and of the large part leaf-color should take in all land- 
scape composition. 

The section on special problems will be of interest to the general 
public, and the illustrations have charm and are well chosen. 

Since the book, to so large an extent, fills a long- felt want, it is 
hoped that the authors will soon be able to revise those portions of the 
text which, to many, seem involved. 



"THE BACK-YARD FARMER" 

By J. WILLARD BOLTE 

Forbes and Co., Chicago 

This little book gives, in an elementary way, the first and simplest 
principles of gardening. The title is an exact description of its intent, 
and many useful hints are dropped as to how to make the best of very 
limited space. 

There is an excellent chapter on "Why Gardens Fail," and direct 
and brief suggestions make smoother the way of the beginner. 

The idea of a real back-yard farm is elaborated by chapters on 
the care of farm and pet stock, and bees and chickens are given their 
share of attention. 

To the beginner who wishes to garden simply but well, the book 
must prove valuable. 



The Committee on Book Reviews requests members of the Garden 
Club who may publish magazine articles, pamphlets, or books on 
garden subjects to notify them as promptly as possible, that such pub- 
lications may be properly noticed in The BULLETIN. 

Mrs. F. P. Anderson, Grosse He, Michigan. 

Mrs. W. W. Frazier, Jr., Jenkintown, Pennsylvania. 

Mrs. Arthur Scribner, Bedford, Pennsylvania. 



H Correction ano an Hpologp 

In the July BULLETIN the name of the writer of the prize essay 
was given incorrectly. It should be Mr. William W. Renwick and 
the correction is made with many apologies. The editor learned to 
read many years ago, but began to learn proofreading about the middle 
of June. The prize essay is so good that no mistakes in regard to it 
are allowable. Be sure to send to the Librarian, Miss Ernestine Good- 
man, for it and read it for your edification and amusement. 

The Librarian now has charge of the distribution of all club pub- 
lications except The Bulletin. 



Botes 

Much interest has been shown in Mr. Sargent's letter to The 
BULLETIN and many inquiries made as to how to get The Bulletin of 
the Arnold Arboretum. 

Send $1.00 to the Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plains, Mass., 
and request that The Bulletin be sent to you for one year. It is a most 
interesting and valuable publication, that should have a place in every 
horticultural library. 

A wonderfully interesting exhibition of books and prints relating 
to herbals, husbandry and gardens from the fifteenth to the nineteenth 
century is now being held at the Newberry Library in Chicago. 

It contains facsimiles of ancient manuscripts and early copies of 
herbals in various languages, English books on garden planning, color 
prints and early engravings of gardena. 

There are also contemporary translations from the classics and 
from foreign authors. 

While the object of the exhibition is to show the development of 
interest in flowers and gardens, every book shown is, in itself, interesting 
for some especial quality, such as rarity, value, association, a former 
owner or place of publication. 

The exhibition will continue through October, and Club members 
passing through Chicago will find it well worth a visit. 



Gbe (Sarfcen Club of Hmerica 

PRESIDENTS AND SECRETARIES OF MEMBER CLUBS 



The At.be ma rie Gabden Club, Va. 

President, Mrs. Samuel H. Mar- 
shall, Simeon P. O., Charlottes- 
ville, Va. 

Secretary, Mrs. Russell Bradford, 
Ivy Road, Charlottesville, Va. 

The Abiatetjr Gabdenebs' Club, 

Baltimore, Maeyiand. 

President, Miss Elizabeth L. Clark, 
1025 Belvedere Terrace, Balti- 
more, Md. 

Secretary, Miss Margaretta Poe, 
1204 N. Charles Street, Balti- 
more, Md. 

The Gabden Club of Axjt Abbor, 

Michigan. 
President, Dr. A. S. Warthin, 1020 

Ferndon Road, Ann Arbor, 

Mich. 
Secretary, Miss Annie Condon, 920 

South University Avenue, Ann 

Arbor, Mich. 

The Bedford Garden Club, New 

York. 
President, Mrs. Frank Hunter 

Potter, Katonah, New York. 
Secretary, Miss Evelyn Leonard, 

Mt. Kisco, New York. 

The Garden Club of Cincinnati, 
Ohio. 

President, Mrs. Samuel H. Taft, 
Morrison Avenue, Clifton, Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. 

Secretary, Mrs. Glendinning Groes- 
beck, East Walnut Hills, Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. 

The Gabden Club of Cleveland, 

Ohio. 
President, Mrs. John E. Newell, 

West Mentor, Ohio. 
Secretary, Mrs. A. S. Ingalls, Sta- 
tion H, Cleveland, Ohio. 

The East Hampton Garden Club, 
Long Island. 

President, Mrs. Lorenzo E. Wood- 
house, 635 Park Avenue, New 
York City, and East Hampton, 
Long Island. 

Secretary, Mrs. F. K. Hollister, 
East Hampton, Long Island, and 
521 Madison Avenue, New York 
City. 



The Gardeners of Montgomery 
and Delaware Counties, Pa. 

President, Mrs. Horace W. Sell- 
ers, Ardmore, Pa. 

Secretary, Miss Elizabeth D. 
Williams, Haver ford, Pa. 

The Green Spring Valley Gar- 
den Club, Maryland. 
President, Miss Fanny K. McLane, 

Owings Mills P. O., Md., and 

903 Cathedral Street, Baltimore, 

Md. 
Secretary, Mrs. George Ward, Fair 

Oaks, Owings Mills, Md. 

The Garden Club of Habfobd 

County, Mabyland. 
President, Mrs. Bertram N. Stump, 

Emmorton, Harford County, Md. 
Secretary, Mrs. John L. G. Lee, 

Bel Air, Md. 

The Gabden Club of Illinois. 
President, Mrs. Tiffany Blake, 

Lake Forest, 111., and 23 East 

Walton Place, Chicago, 111. 
Secretary, Mrs. James Viles, Lake 

Forest, TIL 

The Garden Club of Lawrence, 
Long Island. 

President, Mrs. George B. San- 
ford, Lawrence, Long Island, 
N. Y. 

Secretary, Mrs. Warren Crane, 
Cedarhurst, Long Island, N. Y. 

The Garden Club of Lenox, 

Massachusetts. 

President, Mr. Thomas Shields 

Clarke, Lenox, Mass. 
Secretary, Mrs. Francis O. Bar- 
low, 47 East 64th Street, New 
York City, and Lenox, Mass. 

The Litchfield Garden Club, 
Connecticut. 

President, Mrs. S. Edson Gage, 
West Morris, Conn., and 309 
Sanford Avenue, Flushing, L. I. 

Secretary, Mrs. Henry S. Munroe, 
Litchfield, Conn., and 502 West 
120th Street, New York Citv. 



The Garden Club of Michigan. 

President, Mrs. Benjamin S. War- 
ren, Grosse Pointe Farms, Mich. 

Secretary, Miss Sarah W. Hendrie, 
Grosse Pointe Farms, Mich. 

The Millbrook Garden Club, 
New York. 

President, Mrs. Henry R. McLane, 
MiUbrook, N. Y. 

Secretary, Mrs. Keyes Winter, 
Millbrook, N. Y., and 125 East 
78th Street, New York City. 

The Garden Club of Orange and 
Dutchess Counties, New York. 
President, Mrs. James Fuller, 
Warwick, Orange County, N. Y. 
Secretary, Mrs. Morris Ruther- 
ford, Warwick, N. Y. 

The Garden Association of New- 
port, Rhode Island. 

President, Rev. Dr. Roderick 
Terry, Old Beach Road, New- 
port, R. I. 

Secretary, Miss Dorothea M. 
Watts, Linden Gate, Newport, 
R. I. 

The North Country Club of 
Long Island, New York. 

President, Mrs. J. West Roose- 
velt, Oyster Bay, Long Island, 
N. Y., and 174 East 64th Street, 
New York City. 

Secretary, Mrs. E. M. Townsend, 
Oyster Bay, Long Island, N. Y. 

The Garden Club of Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania. 

President, Mrs. C. Stuart Patter- 
son, Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, 
Pa. 

Secretary, Miss Ernestine A. 
Goodman, Chestnut Hill, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

The Garden Club of Princeton, 
New Jersey. 

President, Mrs. Archibald D. Rus- 
sell, Princeton, N. J., and 34 
East 36th Street, New York 
City. 

Secretary, Mrs. Junius Morgan, 
Princeton, N. J. 

The Rye Garden Club, 

New York. 

President, Mrs. William Rand, 

Rye, N. Y. 
Secretary, Mrs. Samuel L. Fuller. 
Knob Hill Farm, White Plains, 
N. Y. 



The Garden Club of Somerset 
Hills, New York. 

President, Mrs. Francis G. Lloyd, 
Bernardsville, N. J., and 157 
East 71st Street, New York City. 

Secretary, Mrs. George K. Mosle, 
Gladstone, N. Y., and 929 Park 
Avenue, New York City. 

The Garden Club of South- 
ampton, Long Island. 

President, Mrs. Albert B. Board- 
man, Southampton, Long Island, 
and 40 West 53d Street, New 
York City. 

Secretary, Mrs. Edmund L. Twin- 
ing, 54 East 52d Street, New 
York City. 

The Short Hills Garden Club, 

New Jersey. 
President, Mrs. Edward Renwick, 

Short Hills, N. J. 
Secretary, Mrs. Charles H. Stout, 

Short HiUs, N. J. 

The Garden Club of Trenton, 

New Jersey. 
President, Mrs. F. A. C. Perrine, 

Trenton, N. J. 
Secretary, Miss Anne Mcllvaine, 

154 West State Street, Trenton, 

N. J. 

The Garden Club of Twenty, 
Maryland. 

President, Mrs. W. Champlin Rob- 
inson, Lutherville, Md. 

Secretary, Mrs. W. Irvine Keyser, 
Stevenson, Baltimore County, 
Md. 

The Ulster Garden Club, N. Y. 

President, Mrs. John D. Schoon- 
maker, 124 West Chestnut 
Street, Kingston, Ulster County. 
N. Y. 

Secretary, Miss Mary H. Haldane, 
The Huntington, Kingston, Ul- 
ster County, N. Y. 

Warrenton Garden Club, Va. 
President, Mrs. Harry C. Groom, 

Warrenton, Va. 
Secretary, Mrs. C. Shirley Carter, 

Warrenton, Va. 

The Weede^s, Philadelphia, Pa. 
President, Mrs. J. Howard Rhoads, 

Bala, Pa. 
Secretary, Miss Mary Evans, 1013 

Clinton Street, Philadelphia, and 

Ardmore, Pa. 



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Box 24 WEST GROVE, PA. 

"Garden Making for the Amateur" 

Ten Lessons by Corres- 
pondence Conducted by 

ELIZABETH LEIGHTON LEE 

Landscape Gardener 
Consultant of the Garden Club of America 

Fuller Building, 10 S. 18th St.. PHILADELPHIA. PA. 



NATURE STUDIO 

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Bird Stakes, large and small ; Butterflies on stakes or wax ; 

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As one of the most attractive berried shrubs for 
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This page of endorsed 

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THE BULLETIN 

as a directory of reliable seedsmen for the use of 

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terms apply to The Editor. 

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BEAUTIFUL HYDRANGEAS 

Arboresceni Grandiflora Snowball, 2 year; each, 35c 

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CHICAGO NEW YORK 



All advertisements endorsed by members of the GARDEN CLUB OF AMERICA 
In writing to Advertisers kindly refer to the Bulletin 



XLhc <3ar6en Club 

of Hmerica 

November, 1915 No. XI 

President Vice-Presidents 

MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN rresaenis 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 

Treasurer Princeton, New Jersey 

MRS. H. D. AUCHINGLOSS MDC A i rorn n-i v 

33 E. 67th Street, New York M % AL EnF3 nP V V 

New Murord, New York 
Secretary 
MRS. BAYARD HENRY MRS. FRANCIS KING 

Germantown, Philadelphia Alma, Michigan 

Librarian 
MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia Lake Forest, Illinois 

Editor 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

Lake Forest, Illinois, and 1 220 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago 

1. objects of this association shall be: to stimulate the knowledge and love of 
gardening amo. g irnateurs; to share the advantages of association, through conference and 
correspondence in this c~'"~rr" and abroad; to aid in the protection of native plants and 
birds ; and to encourage civic planting, 



"I was very interested to hear about the garden making. It seems 
strange that while you are planning such things, we, in this hemisphere 
are laying them low. My friends who have been at the front tell me 
of the fine old gardens trampled down by many feet, the statues head- 
less and mutilated, the fountains and little waterfalls that will make no 
more music, and yet here and there some sturdy plant or rose tree com- 
ing out audaciously, defiantly; the perfume and the beauty of those flow- 
ers awakening most poignant feelings in those that march by." — From a 
recent letter from Cambridge, England. 

Zbe first jfrost 

When the thick coat of white dissolves in the tardy sunlight the 
flowers are left blackened and stark. Yesterday's riot of gay-blooming 
zinnias and marigolds is pallid and drenched with last night's icy dews. 

And peace descends on the conscientious tender of flowers. No 
more feverish filling of vase after vase because each day's crop may be 
the last No five o'clock scramble to cover a cherished plant or two 
for cuttings. No hurried, frugal picking of green tomatoes for rather 
poor but traditional pickles. When all is over and summer definitely 
ended, the sailor home from the sea is no less serene than the gardener 
whose ungarnered sheaves are past the help of burlap. 



Follows the heady joy of fall planting. No tucking in of a 
peony here and an iris there, but the setting of large, fine, definite 
sweeps and rows of plants and bulbs with smooth, black earth over all. 

Tall, glowing ranks of hollyhocks, towering blue delphiniums, 
clustering, gay carpets of pansies are beautiful things, but good black 
dirt, swept and garnished after fall planting, is to the gardener a soul 
stirring sight To the irresponsible lover of flowers the fruits of the 
earth are enough. Deep-seated content in good black earth is the test 
of the gardener-born. 

©rowing peonies from Seeb 

Nothing better ensures our renewed enthusiasm for the garden 
every year than the raising of seedling perennials, especially those that 
give a varied progeny from seed ; for here every seedling holds the secret 
possibility of producing some fine new color or form — a secret only to 
be revealed when the blooming time comes around. 

Among the many perennials that one should grow from seed — 
phloxes, delphiniums, pyrethrums, primroses, auriculas, tulips, narcissi, 
and all the rest — none offer more interest or a greater reward for the 
possible fine seedling than peonies. No one can deny, however, that 
the raising of them requires some patience. 

In a recent catalogue of a second-rate seed house, I came on an 
offering of peony seed at five cents a packet, and, underneath, the 
legend, "Lots of fun to grow peonies from seed." Well, there is much 
truth in the statement, though I doubt whether its author had ever in- 
dulged himself much in fun of that sort. 

This is the fun as it really is; the seed matures in August or 
September, and may be sown at once in the open ground; it will lie 
dormant in the ground over winter, summer, and winter again, and 
will germinate in the first warm days of the succeeding spring. That 
is, seed sown this autumn, 1915, will germinate in April or May, 1917. 

As a matter of fact the seeds begin growth earlier than that, but 
it is root growth only. I was looking a little while ago at some of my 
seeds sown in the autumn of 1914, and I found a strong white root 
from each seed working its way down two or three inches into the 
ground, making ready to maintain the leaf that will push up next spring. 
And these first little crimson leaves are about as appealing as any of the 
many thrilling things of spring. They are only half an inch or an inch 
across, and a couple of inches off the ground, but unmistakably they 
are little peony chicks; and if you love peonies you will not fail to love 
these. The fun has now begun. 

Later in the season each plant will probably make another tiny 
leaf, but that will be all for the first year. In the autumn they should 
be set out in rows, about eight inches apart in the row, and the rows 
a foot or more apart. The next year you will get a couple of larger 



leaves, possibly three. The following year perhaps you will have a 
real stem with two or three leaves branching off from it; and in the next 
year you begin to look for buds. 

Probably there will be a few on the strongest of your seedlings, 
but you will have disappointments to bear, for none of them are likely 
to mature; however, a bud on a plant one year means bloom the next, 
and you will already be counting the number of plants from which you 
will have your first bloom, in 1921. From that time on your joy is 
assured, if, as I assume, you have been planting seed every autumn; 
for every year brings its new surprises, and you will now begin to 
wonder why you did not start your sowing years earlier. Such joys 
as are yours every spring, how many years earlier might you not have 
had them? 

Your first plants to bloom are likely to be singles, probably pink 
singles; and you will think them the handsomest peony blooms you ever 
saw. Later on, as better things come along, you will grow sterner 
toward your firstlings, and within a year or two they will be on the 
dump heap. 

Three or four years after your first plants have reached the 
blooming stage you will have a few that you will watch with a new 
kind of interest. These are the really grand ones. If you have been 
very careful to sow only the highest quality of seed (not the five-cent 
kind I ) you should have among your seedlings, say, 10 per cent, of 
really fine kinds, which you will now keep under observation for sev- 
eral years, studying their habit and quality year after year. A few will 
disappoint you, and have to be thrown out, but others will grow more 
wonderful with every season. 

The final ordeal comes when you carry boxes of cut blooms of 
your best ones to a peony show, and stage them alongside the heroes 
and heroines of earlier times — Duchesse de Nemours, Eugene Ver- 
dier, Martin Cahuzac, Therese, and all the rest. Then if yours have 
the right quality you will see that even in such lofty company they can 
still hold up their heads, unashamed. 

A. P. Saunders, 
Secretary of American Peony Society. 



More suggestions for the true enthusiast who likes to begin at the 
beginning. 

Babltas from Seefc 

Save some seed from your best dahlias! 

When the leaves of the plants have been killed by frost, if the 
flowers have not been closely picked early in the season, there will be 
large, loose, dry pods that are easily gathered. 



Sow these seeds in flats in the greenhouse or hot-bed any time 
after March 1st and pot off the seedlings which can stay in three-inch 
pots for two months or more without injury. 

After May 20th plant these out in rows three feet apart in the 
moist part of the vegetable garden, placing the plants eighteen inches 
apart in the rows. It is not necessary to stake, pinch back, disbud, 
water or fertilize the plants. They grow like weeds, and by July 1 5th 
you will have plants larger those those grown from tubers and beginning 
to bloom. 

So far I have had no flowers like those from which I saved seed. 
I have a half dozen unlike any dahlias I have ever seen and well worth 
the little trouble I have taken, even though I get nothing more worth 
keeping. 

My seed was saved from "Mrs. Seybold," "Dorothy Peacock" 
and "Pink Century," which were planted several hundred feet away 
from white, scarlet and red varieties, but I have as many of these 
varieties as of the pinks. 

Growing dahlias from seed is really a most diverting pastime. 

Elizabeth C. Ritchie, 
Amateur Gardeners' Club, Baltimore, Md. 

From another dahlia expert comes the suggestion that all seeds be 
saved from peony-flowering varieties. A very large proportion of the 
seedlings will come single and give charming cut flowers for the house 
at a time when cut flowers are very scarce. 

In naming and saving the tubers formed, it is necessary to re- 
member that a variety must be grown for three years before the type 
is fixed. 

Sometblno for 1Rotbtn$ 

or Bmarpllis from Seeo 

If you would grow Amaryllis by the score, grow them from seed. 
In the fall plant a bulb in a six-inch pot of porous soil, leaving the 
crown of the bulb exposed. If you give it a reasonable amount of 
water you should have flowers in midwinter. Artificially fertilize the 
flowers and they will readily set hundreds of seeds. As soon as ma- 
ture, plant these seeds in sandy soil, when they will quickly germinate 
and in six weeks you should have little plants with four or five leaves. 
These seedlings require no period of rest and planted in the cool green- 
house, blossom the second winter, while the original bulb will flower 
gayly each year and also make offsets. 

The most interesting to grow are the Vittata and Johnsonii 

Mrs. Schuyler Skaats Wheeler, 

Garden Club of Somerset Hills, New Jersey 



Sweet fl>eas 

With the hope of giving encouragement to my sister gardeners, I 
offer my experience and success in the culture of sweet peas. 

Last October we dug a trench two and a half feet deep, two and 
a half feet wide, and two hundred feet long, and into it we put one foot 
of cow manure. The soil taken out of it was mixed with lime and left 
exposed to the frost through the winter. 

In March the seeds were sown in two and a half inch pots in the 
greenhouse, three seeds to each pot. As soon as they began to germi- 
nate they were put into cold frames and given as much air as possible. 

The 1st of April the soil was put back into the trench, incorpo- 
rated with the manure, and the remaining six inches were filled with 
soil mixed with bone meal and lime in the proportion of one-half pound 
to each yard. 

April 15 th the sweet peas were planted out, six inches apart in 
double rows. The result was a vine six feet tall — stems eight to ten 
inches long, each bearing four large blooms — and sweet peas from the 
first week in June until the last week in August. 

LlLLIE V. S. LlNDABURY, 

Garden Club of Somerset Hills. 

Ibow to (Brow Bulbs in jfibrc 

The following hints on how to grow bulbs in fibre by an amateur 
gardener whose only assets were a cold attic and a sunny window, 
may be useful to others with the same limited opportunities. Twelve 
bowls and about six dozen bulbs kept the window beautiful with flow- 
ers from Thanksgiving Day to the end of April. 

Fibre is a substitute for soil, and is a clean, odorless, moss-like 
material which can be used successively for a number of years. It is 
light, holds moisture and can be put in ornamental china bowls with no 
outlet for water, as it requires no drainage. A dollar's worth of fibre 
from the florist is enough to start with. Choose a bowl suitable for the 
kind of bulb you wish to plant; put a few pieces of charcoal in the 
bottom and then fill with the moistened fibre to the depth of two or 
three inches, according to the height of the bowl. Place the bulbs in 
position so that their tips reach to within half an inch of the rim and 
fill in the spaces between and around with fibre. While their roots are 
growing put them in a cold attic — cellars are usually too hot, and closets 
too airless — and cover them with something that will exclude the light 
but not the air. In the writer's case the ideal covering was found to 
be old-fashioned hooded fire blowers, stored in the attic. Visit them 
once a week and water, if necessary, keeping them moist but not too 
wet. It is fatal if they are allowed to become dry. When the bulbs 
have grown about one inch above the surface they should be brought 



to the light and from then on watered freely. The bulbs can all be 
planted at or near the same date, as their blooming depends on the time 
they are exposed to the light. By bringing out one or more every fort- 
night, a constant succession of flowers may be enjoyed. 

As this is a record of a personal experience it must be confessed 
that the best results were obtained from Paper White Narcissus, White 
Roman Hyacinths, Daffodils and Poetaz Narcissus, but we are as- 
sured that with intelligent care Freesias, Crocus, Hyacinths and even 
some varieties of Tulips may be included in the list. 

One word of advice about the bowls: They should be Japanese 
if possible, and either white or of one solid color, preferably green or 
yellow. White flowers look well in any color, but the yellow daffodils 
look more at home in green or white bowls. 

The joy to be obtained from watching the growth of a few bulbs 
of your very own from the beginning is altogether in excess of the slight 
labor — chiefly the weekly expedition to the attic — entailed by the 
process. 

The following table shows the proper dates for planting, lifting 
and blooming, taken from actual experience: 

Planted Lifted 

Oct. 27th Nov. 

Nov. 8th Dec. 

Nov. 

Nov. 

Nov. 



Paper White Narcissus . . . 
Roman Hyacinths (White) 
Daffodils (Golden Spur) . . 
Narcissus Poetaz (Elvira) . 
Crocus (Large Bulbs) 



2d Jan. 

26th Jan. 

8th Jan. 

Alice D. Weeks, 
North Country Garden Club of Long Island. 



id 


Bloom 


Oth 


Nov. 21st 


3th 


Jan. 1 st 


5th 


Feb. 1 7th 


5th 


March 29th 


5th 


Feb. 10th 



The following article arrived too late for the September BULLE- 
TIN, but the combinations that it suggests are so good we print it in the 
hope that it will be of use to some tardy gardeners this year and that 
the forehanded will use it next: 



a flnap (Barfcen 

It has been said that "Spring is the painter of the earth," and if 
so, what lovelier picture than a May garden in all its freshness? 

Before any garden can be truly lovely, one must have something 
of the artist sense of color, for without that, one's garden becomes 
commonplace. Artists, they tell us, are born, not made; but I am con- 
vinced (after many struggles and disappointments) artist gardeners can 
be made, especially when one has such help as Mrs. Ely lends in her 
books and in her garden. 

After a number of years of effort and discouragement on my part, 
my little garden in May this year was a delight and a joy. So with 



the hope that these suggestions may give equal pleasure to some other 
struggling amateur I venture to describe it. 

The garden measures fifty by forty feet, and is composed of two 
terraces. These terraces have borders three feet wide with a broad 
grass path through the center; either side of this path are two irregular 
small beds. As one must overlook the garden from the piazza, har- 
mony of color is more than ordinarily important. 

Looking from the piazza on the garden to the lower terrace, the 
border on the left is planted with Tulip Crown of Gold, with groups of 
Iris Flavia in the background, and irregular groups of pure yellow 
Parrot Tulips in the foreground, edged with yellow Primrose, forming 
a beautiful combination of lovely golden shades. 

The border on the right has the Breeder Tulips in all their dull 
colors, with the stately bearded Iris in still more quiet tones, coming up 
in the background, with a golden brown Primrose for edging. 

To the left on the upper terrace, Darwin Tulips, Tristesse and 
Dream, with irregular groupings of Iris Albert Victor in the background, 
and dark purple Pansies for edging, thus combining in harmony all the 
violet shades. To the right on this upper terrace, in the foreground, 
Darwin Tulips Innocence (white) with groupings of Iris Dorothea 
(milky white, tinged with lilac) in the background, with pure white 
Pansies for the edging. The last border on the upper terrace (either 
side of the steps leading to the garden) has Darwin Tulips Beethoven 
(delicate pink) with groupings of white Iris Ingeborg, with hardy 
Candy Tuft for edging. 

By carrying this scheme through the borders, keeping the darker 
colors in the background and the lighter shades in the foreground of 
the garden, and filling the small irregular beds in the center with Gladioli 
Nanus, pink, white and violet, which, if planted with the Tulips and 
Iris in the autumn, will bloom with them in May, the effect will prove 
quite charming. 

As "in time of peace prepare for war," so in the autumn prepare 
for May; and by so doing one may revel in this happy combination of 
color until the roses come in all their beauty to paint another picture. 

Mrs. Wm. P. Hardenbergh, 

Somerset Hills Garden Club. 

An answer to Mrs. Ely's question from an authority on petunia 
hybridization : 

Extracts from a Xetter to flDrs. 3francte Iking 

Ventura, Cal., September 24, 1915. 
In regard to your question regarding petunia cuttings, the same 
condition which causes many seedlings to revert to the dominant type, 



which is the elementary form, was doubtless the reason for the cuttings 
reverting in the manner described. The petunia is the most variable 
plant in existence, and hence is an interesting study, though exasperating 
at times. 

Here in California, where petunias are really a perennial, dealers 
often hold over plants for a couple of seasons and sometimes the re- 
sults are surprising. Colors change and blossoms are reduced in size 
until the original plant is unrecognizable. Then later in the season it 
resumes its original form. 

Some of the conditions are produced by colder weather or more 
moisture, and others are caused by conditions heretofore recessive in the 
plants. Probably the royal purple described was a better established 
plant or the cuttings were taken from nodes true to type, while those 
taken from the white and lilac contained retrogressive elements. 

This is simply my own solution of the question, which has puzzled 
me not a little, but I do not claim that it is infallible. 

Myrtle Shepherd Francis. 



£elf*H>resenmtton among plants 

To those of us who are fortunate enough to spend much time in 
our gardens, there comes an opportunity to study the traits and charac- 
teristics of the various plants, traits which greatly interest and puzzle — 
at least, the amateur. 

Some plants exhibit what seems so like the same intelligence dis- 
played by members of the animal kingdom in their instinct toward self- 
preservation, that one is led to wonder if the vegetable world, too, has 
been endowed with a certain order of intelligent sagacity. 

For example, nearly all young seedlings have, as near neighbors, 
weeds so like them in form as to be hardly recognizable from the flowers 
they imitate, and many farm crops suffer from like impostors. 

Every one has seen the little weed, called by children "cheese- 
cake," nestling close to hollyhocks, until the latter outgrow them and 
further deception is useless. Young Phlox shoots are often accom- 
panied by a weed almost identical with them in form and color, pyre- 
thrum, poppies and coreopsis nearly always start their spring career with 
a double close beside them, while, quite recently, a well established 
edging of campanula carpatica was almost entirely forced out of exist- 
ence in a few weeks by a growth of sorrel which, undetected, grew and 
became so interwoven with the campanulas that weeding destroyed the 
flower plants — this, too, directly under the eye of a rather militant 
gardener. 

Further examples might be given, possibly at the expense of the 
reader's patience, but one last, most curious instance cannot be omitted. 
Each season for several years in the writer's garden there has boldly 



appeared in the midst of a row of tall delphiniums a plant of buttercup, 
which has grown neck and neck with the delphiniums, undisturbed 
until flower time, vying with the latter as to size and form, with a 
resultant growth never attained by its humble brothers of the wayside 
and fields. 

We all know the chameleon, tree toad, and some insects, success- 
fully protect themselves by assuming the color of objects they are in 
contact with, and may not we give credit for an equal intelligence in the 
case of the plants, an intelligence which if we were scientists we might 
dignify by some such title as "Imitation in Nature." 

Margaret L. Gage, 

Litchfield Garden Club. 

a umeefc 

The agricultural department at Washington is engaged in trying 
to define a weed. The old definition, a "plant out of place," is too 
sentimental and does not fit the case. Rye growing in a wheat field is 
out of place, but it is not a weed. Blue grass growing in an alfalfa 
field is a plant, though it is out of place. In view of these exceptions 
a definition has been invented as follows: "A weed is a wild plant that 
has the habit of intruding where it is not wanted. This is entirely too 
psychological and so a specialist in the department, after great effort, 
has reached this conclusion: 

"The old definition that a weed is a plant out of place, while a 
very catchy one, does not clearly represent usage. The hundreds of 
wild plants which inhabit a field which is not planted to crops are in 
common usage called weeds; yet the vast majority of these plants are 
decidedly 'in place* and are serving a useful purpose through adding 
organic matter to an impoverished soil." 

According to it one may regard dog fennel no more a weed than 
a turnip. Our definition is that a weed is a plant with a bad reputation. 
— From the Ohio State Journal. 



®too 4&oge Stories 

The London Daily Mail last year offered a prize of £1 000 to the 
best rose originated during the year and exhibited at the Rose Show, 
held annually in London. The one condition attached to the prize was 
that the winning flower be called the Daily Mail Rose. 

The prize winner was a most beautifully formed apricot-colored 
rose, originated by M. Pernet of the famous firm of Pemet-Ducher, of 
Lyons, France. 

The honor was a coveted one and the prize worth winning, but 
M. Pernet declined to accept the £1000. Mme. Herriot, the wife of 



the Mayor of Lyons, had seen the rose blooming in his trial grounds. 
She had so admired it that M. Pernet had asked and received permis- 
sion to name it in her honor. Therefore, he said, it would be impos- 
sible for him to comply with the condition and accept the prize. 

The rose was, however, by far the best introduction at the show 
and is frequently spoken of as the Daily Mail. 

Its official name and the one under which it may be found in 
catalogues is "Mme. Herriot." It is a charming flower in both color 
and form and hardy wherever roses flourish. 

Were it less lovely the memory of M. Pernet's chivalry would 
make it worth growing. 

One evening some years ago, a Fortunate Lady was taken in to 
dinner by Captain Aaron Ward. 

Somewhere near the end of the dinner, a servant gave a telegram 
to the Captain. After suitable apology he opened the yellow envelope 
and the Fortunate Lady saw in his expression neither anxiety or elation, 
but a great interest. So she was not troubled but waited. Then the 
Captain said: "I must take the midnight train, The rose has a bud; 
my wife has sent me word." The lady loving roses asked for particu- 
lars, and was told of the processes which led to the ultimate production 
of that gem of flowers named "Mrs. Aaron Ward." 

A charming taste for a potential fighting man to have, the culture 
of roses. 

The Fortunate Lady has always felt an especial sentiment for 
"Mrs. Aaron Ward," although it has never been her good fortune to 
meet any of the family but the Captain and the namesake. 

Lately the Captain, now Admiral Ward, has been able to add a 
large sum to a good cause by allowing his rose garden to be seen by 
many people. The lady, unfortunately, could not go to the garden, but 
she still feels that she knows a bit about the birth of the Beauty. 

Mary Bruce Hague, 

Garden Association in Newport. 

An account of a most interesting and unusual meeting of The 
Garden Club of Illinois: 

H {Program of tDista demonstrations 

WALDEN, September 23, 1915. 

1. Trje removal of shrubs that are too high and tree branches, 
to open glimpses of the lake and its horizon line. 

2. The annual widening of an old vista by removing a tall shrub, 
cutting branches and trees, and swinging a birch sprout back of its parent 
tree. 



3. Giving depth and distance to a bluff top view by cutting a 
birch. Opening a vista to the beach by tree and branch cutting. 

4. A glimpse of birch and cedar improved by cutting a tree and 
a shrub. 

5. Opening the road vista to the beach and its beach grass over 
a low evergreen border with dark evergreen bank cover at right 

6. A bit of Corot. 

8. Improving the road vista sky line by the cutting of branches. 

7-9. A clear view of locusts on bluff opened by the cutting of 

Mahaleb Cherries that also crowd wild crab, thorn and mountain ash. 

10. A high sk)) line vista of which the location and opening 
required two hours' direction and twelve hours' labor. 

11. A long vista up the bluff. 

1 2. Revealing a distinctive group of one species — the Rosemary 
Willow. 

13. A deep woods glimpse of blue Asters. 

14. The reverse of vista 10, looking to the beach. 

15. The cutting of one tree broadens and improves an impor- 
tant vista. 

16. A mass of high color at a vista's end suggests a garden of 
such vistas. 

The meeting was held at Walden in Lake Forest, the large and 
beautifully wooded estate of Mr. and Mrs. Cyrus H. McCormick. 

Mr. Warren F. Manning, of Boston, who, twenty years ago, 
helped to cut the lawns, shrubberies and woodlands from the tangled 
native growth and ever since has supervised the improvements and ex- 
tensions, was asked by Mrs. McCormick to demonstrate his methods for 
the benefit of the Garden Club. 

Much time was spent by Mr. Manning and the woodsmen work- 
ing under his direction in preparation for the meeting, but at the final 
moment each vista was spectacularly completed by a few blows of the 
ax. Nothing could be more beautiful and enlightening than the sudden 
emergence of a sweep of landscape hitherto hidden by a single interfer- 
ing branch. Occasionally what seemed the shameful sacrifice of a 
towering tree, proved a means to a beautiful end. 

Shrubs were pruned and tree branches cut to gain a view of the 
lake from the terrace. A low-growing horizontal branch was left 
directly in the line of vision, and caused immediate discussion, Mr. 
Manning, of course, won his point by showing that the branch empha- 
sized the horizon line of the lake and cast a lovely shadow that made 
a border planting seem farther away. 

The widening of an old vista led to the edge of the bluff where a 
white birch was cut, giving a charming view of black tree trunks, and 
beyond, bluish beach grass and the lake. 



Each vista seemed more desirable than the last, and quite the most 
lovely was toward the end of the program — the reverse of No. 1 — 
the high sky line vista, for not only was the eye taken down through 
varying greens, but was rewarded at the end by an exquisite vignette 
of the lake framed in lace-like locust. 

Louise G. Hubbard, 

Garden Club of Illinois. 

©ablia Eiblbitton 
of tbe Sbort Mills Garoen Club 

The Short Hills Garden Club held its Sixth Annual Dahlia Show 
at the Short Hills Club on Wednesday and Thursday, September 29th 
and 30th. 

In spite of the weather conditions prevailing this season, high 
winds, cold nights and much rain, all most distasteful to dahlias, the 
quality of the flowers was good, and in some cases very fine. 

Heretofore the exhibitors have been confined to club members, but 
this year outsiders were invited, professionals to exhibit and amateurs to 
compete, with very gratifying results. The prizes were ribbons, with 
a cup to accompany the first prize; a cup presented by the club for the 
best single exhibit in the show, and cups given by members for each 
class, also one for the most artistic arrangement of flowers, not neces- 
sarily dahlias. 

Members of the Garden Club of America were invited to luncheon 
on Thursday, and representatives of nearby and even distant clubs, as 
far south as Baltimore, and as far west as Pittsburgh, were present. 

The Garden Club of Short Hills wishes to express its appreciation 
of the interest taken by members of the Garden Club of America in its 
efforts to show the possibilities of the most beautiful of autumn flowers. 

Anne T. Stewart. 

Dablia Show 
of Ubc (Saroen Club of Cinctnuatt 

Mrs. William Cooper Proctor won a prize offered by Mrs. E. 
Lawrence Jones at the Dahlia Show of the Cincinnati Garden Club, 
on September 2 1 st, for the exhibit getting the most blue ribbons. Mrs. 
Samuel H. Taft won another for a basket containing thirty-five named 
varieties and fifteen seedlings. 

The show was held in the pergola at the Zoological Gardens, and 
was one of the most successful enterprises the club has ever undertaken. 
So well fitted is the Zoo's pergola that it will remain the place for the 
open exhibitions of the club. 



fIDore about tbe Dahlia 

Our dahlias are all the children of a Mexican, a coarse fellow, 
whose gorgeous descendants would not recognize him socially. They 
share the admiration that the rose and the tulip stir; their development 
has produced varieties that seem to deny their kinship with D. variabilis ; 
but all are sprung from a common stock, and their magnificent colors, 
their splendid conformation are the result of the patient labors of flori- 
culturists, professional and amateur. 

That this naturalized, acclimated and highly educated Mexican 
should have a society devoted exclusively to his wants and celebration 
is appropriate. He is a good citizen of his adopted country. Sturdy 
in the stem, hardy, easy to cultivate, he is an upstanding, self-reliant 
personage, lending himself gallantly to decoration, and adaptable to 
any surroundings. If he seems a little stiff and formal, it is because 
he has not been properly treated. The possibilities are in him. To 
bring them out is the part of art. 

At the Show of the American Dahlia Society, held last month in 
New York, Mr. Vincent, the President, exhibited more than 25,000 
blooms. 

The Albert Manda, bearing the name of its grower, single, pink 
and eleven inches from petal tip to petal tip, was one of the sensations 
of the show. 

Nor is the effect of inspection discouraging to the amateur of 
limited opportunities, as is sometimes the case. Not everybody can 
show 25,000 blossoms, and Mr. Manda's achievements are not to be 
equaled by all, but the dahlia is no mere hothouse exotic. It will repay 
the cultural efforts of the least skilled, multiplying fruitfully. — From an 
Editorial in the New York Sun. 



Several garden clubs urge their members to grow specialties, with 
a view to mutual assistance. The plan is a very useful one and the 
results most satisfactory to both specialist and fellow-members. In the 
hope that many more clubs will adopt the suggestion the excellent rules, 
used by the Garden Club of Cleveland, are here given: 

Snstfructtcng for Vaxiztp GTeste 

It is expected that each member who selects a subject for test will 
read up that subject in the books and catalogues and become well 
informed on the subject; and will, so far as possible, undertake to grow 
every species of it or each named variety. It is not sufficient to grow 
all the varieties sold by any one dealer, but search should be made for 
the best from all dealers. In such subjects as Sweet Peas, Gladiolus or 



Dahlias, there may be hundreds of varieties, too many to be tried at 
once; in that case try out some through this year and select out of them 
the best ten or second best ten; or as in Dahlias, select the best ten in 
each class, then next year retain the best from last year and grow in 
competition with them more new varieties. Raise a small quantity only, 
or single specimen of each, so it may not cost too much in time and 
space. 

Label carefully, but, better still, mark the name and location on 
paper and keep it safely in your desk. 

Make an alphabetical list of the varieties with space to enter op- 
posite each name, your comment upon it. To plant them in alpha- 
betical order will help in this. A few minutes per week will suffice to 
make the record. 

Record the good or bad points of each; which best and why. No 
two subjects need just the same memoranda, but, in general, for flowers 
some of the following points will be important: Hardiness, date of 
bloom, length of blooming period, vigor, color, size, stem, fragrance, 
etc. ; for vegetables : Quantity, quality, flavor, tenderness, vigor and 
especially the relative time from planting to "ready" when all planted 
at the same time, in the same soil. In fact, in all tests of annuals, 
either in flowers or vegetables, it is a more valuable test to plant all on 
same day and under the same conditions. 

In little known subjects it is best to give the name of the dealer. 
See, also, article in February Garden Magazine, page 54. 

IRote 

Readers who are lovers of Anthony Trollope's novels as well as 

of gardening will find great satisfaction in a recently published novel by 

Archibald Marshall, "The Old Order Changeth." This is a book in 

the very language of Trollope himself, and gardening is so interwoven 

with the tapestry of the English scene and story as to make an irresistible 

combination. . „ 

Louisa King, 

Garden Club of Michigan. 



Correction in List of Member Clubs Published in the 
September "Bulletin" 

The Garden Club of Somerset Hills, New Jersey: Secretary, 
Mrs. George R. Mosle, Gladstone, New Jersey. 



Correction in Committee on Book Reviews 
Mrs. Arthur Scribner, Bedford, New York. 



a Suggestion 

One winter I had a double sash frame filled with the Common 
Foxglove placed six inches apart, making a planting six feet square 
and containing over one hundred and twenty plants. The field mice 
or small garden moles got in the frames and ate up entirely every plant, 
tops and roots, leaving plainly marked holes where each root had been. 
I had to smile audibly, although sadly disappointed, for the cold-frame 
bed looked like one huge porous plaster. 

Is the Digitalis poisonous to the human family and not to these 
garden pests? I have used poisoned wheat ever since in my cold- 
frames, placing it in hollow tiles laid on the surface in between the 
plants. When spring comes the tiles are handled carefully and all 
remaining grains of wheat or any spilled on the ground are buried 
deeply, beyond the reach of the birds. I now have no trouble with 
plants being eaten. — From an Article in Billerica by William C. Egan, 
Highland Park, HI 



flower Sbows 

A Flower Show, under the auspices of the Horticultural Society 
of Chicago and the Chicago Florists' Club, will be held at the Coliseum, 
Chicago, on November 9th to 14th. Illustrated lectures will be given 
on home gardening and the uses of plants and flowers. 

The Cleveland Flower Show, under the direction and supervision 
of the Ohio Horticultural Club, the Cleveland Florists' Club and the 
Garden Club of Cleveland, will be held at the Coliseum, Cleveland, 
November 10 to 14, 1915. At this Show the special prizes for the 
annual exhibition of the Chrysanthemum Society of America and for 
the fall exhibition of the American Rose Society will be awarded, and 
also a prize for a special exhibition of Carnations. Many prizes are 
offered by members of the Garden Club of Cleveland. For premium 
list or other information, address 356 Leader Building, Cleveland, Ohio. 



Conference of tbe Udoman's National Baricultural 
ano f)orttcultural association 

The First Western Conference will be held at the Art Institute, 
Chicago, on the afternoon of Wednesday, November 10th, at 2.30. 
Mrs. Francis King, President of the Association, will preside, and sev- 
eral interesting speakers will give short talks. It is hoped that all 
members living in the vicinity of Chicago will attend and bring interested 
guests. 



THE GARDEN GATEWAY 

31 East Forty-eighth Street - NEW YORK 

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baths, bird houses and garden accessories 

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"Pronunciation of Plant Names" 

Published by 
THE GARDEN CLUB OF MICHIGAN 

An useful and interesting Christmas gift ^ , p. p. 
for garden lovers. May be had for $ I .UU 

from MRS. EDWARD PARKER 

720 Jefferson Avenue DETROIT, MICH. 

Are you interested in PEONIES ? 

THE AMERICAN PEONY SOCIETY includes in its 
membership almost all the prominent professional growers, 
and a large and constantly increasing number of amateurs. 
Publishes descriptive and news bulletins, free to members. 
Annual Meeting and Exhibition moves east or west in 
different years. You are invited to join. Send card for 
particulars to 

A. P. SAUNDERS, Secretary, Clinton, N. Y. 

SCHOOL OF HORTICULTURE 
FOR WOMEN 

18 miles from Philadelphia 
AMBLER, PA. 



Practical and theoretical 
training in the growing 
of fruit, vegetables and 

flowers ; bees ; simple carpentry ; school gardening. 

Special course in landscape gardening. 

ELIZABETH LEIGHTON LEE, Director 

MARTIN HOUSES 

Unique in their quiet harmony with the 

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and executed by the 

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LAKE VILLA, ILLINOIS 

Send for Illustrated Catalog 




Garden Furniture 

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DURABLE 

Book of many designs on request 

North Shore Ferneries Co. 
beverly, mass. 

Do You Love Trees ? 

We invite you to become a member and aid in 
the conservation of 

TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS 

We will teach you all about trees 

AMERICAN FORESTRY ASSOCIATION 
WASHINGTON. D. C. 






WE BUILD GREENHOUSES 

Send for Catalog 

Lord and Burnham Co. 

Rookery Building :-: :-: CHICAGO 

Three Garden Books 
THE WELL-CONSIDERED GARDEN 

By Mrs. Francis King — $2 net 

CONTINUOUS BLOOM IN AMERICA 

By Louise Shelton — $2 net 

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By Louise Shelton — $5 net 
Charles Scribner's Sons, Fifth Avenue, New York 

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of your plants by; absorbing excess water it saves 
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and window boxes are attractive in design 
and reasonable in price. Send for catalogue. 

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42 Lexington Avenue NEW YORK 

QARDEN TOOLS of the BETTER SORT 
^"^ — a specialty of flower and garden baskets. 
We will be pleased to send our pamphlet on request. 

LEWIS & CONGER 

J&omt JfutntgrjetS 

45th St and 6th Ave. NEW YORK CrTY 

"It pays to buy the best " 



All advertisements endorsed by members of the GARDEN CLUB OF AMERICA 
In writing to Advertisers kindly refer to the Bulletin 



Bulletin of 

Zhc <$arben Club 

of Hmertca 



January, 1916 



No. XII 



President 
MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia 

Treasurer 
MRS. H. D. AUCHINCLOSS 

33 E. 67th Street. New York 

MRS. BAYAReThENRY 

Germantown, Philadelphia 

Librarian 
MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN 
Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia 



Editor 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 
Lake Forest, Illinois, and 1220 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago 



Vice-Presidents 

MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 
Princeton, New Jersey 

MRS. ALFRED ELY 

New Milford, New York 

MRS. FRANCIS KING 
Alma, Michigan 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 
Lake Forest, Illinois 



The objects of this association shall be: to stimulate the knowledge and love of 
gardening among amateurs ; to share the advantages of association, through conference and 
correspondence in this country and abroad ; to aid in the protection of native plants and 
birds; and to encourage civic planting. 



Hn HImanac 

In January the spirit Dreams, 

In February weaves a Rainbow, 

And 

And 

And 

And 

And 

And 

And 

And 

And 

And 



n March smiles through Rains, 

n April is clad in white and Green, 

n May is the Youth of the World, 

n June is a Glory, 

n July is in two Worlds, 

n August is a Color, 

n September dreams of Beauty, 

n October Sighs, 

n November Wearieth, 

n December Sleeps. 

— Fiona Macleod. 



New hope stirs with the flood of spring catalogues, and visions 
of a fairer, gayer garden arise. The summer garden may grow and 
bloom acceptably, but the winter garden is always perfect. In it is 
no place for last year's failures. Complete faith in seedsmen, self and 
soils animates the most pessimistic. 



If we might carry a little of this faith with us into the summer, 
perhaps it would spread kindly veils over little faults. We are too 
watchful for small mistakes, too regretful for missed perfections. Our 
eyes are blinded to successes because our minds insist upon detail. We 
let little imperfections mar fine effects. 

This year be grateful for what is good, and instead of looking 
back to last week's tulips and forward to next week's peonies, take 
infinite pleasure in this week's swelling buds and tender green leaves. 
"It is loveliness we seek; not lovely things." And the loveliness of a 
garden is hidden from her who seeks only perfect flowers. 



£be Hims anfc jpropaganfca of tbe Garden Clubs 

of Hmerica 

What are the activities that will give increasing force and perma- 
nency to the Garden Club movement? 

Gardens of pretty and harmoniously colored floral patterns with 
architectural accessories, that can be easily produced in a short time, 
with the skill, good taste and money, will not be sufficient. With all the 
beauty of the floral seasons, with such greenery as the winter may offer, 
the floral garden with its limited area will not hold the continued active 
interest of all. Gardens grow in beauty under skillful management up to 
the inevitable time of transplanting, and new varieties and new interests 
may be added each year. To many members this might be a constant 
and ever-increasing joy, but others will come to care more for the won- 
derful natural gardens of the fields and woods that the skill of man or 
woman cannot reproduce quickly, if at all. 

Such wild gardens may be as brilliant as the showiest flower 
garden. They may even be so garishly brilliant as to lead you, who are 
sensitive to color harmony, to desire to weed out the sins of color that lie 
within them. It is true, however, that the permanent gardener, Mother 
Nature, commits few sins in color composition. 

To others, green gardens, with their carpets of ferns, mosses, 
lichens, and Lycopodiums, will make the strongest appeal. In these 
the summer greens and the winter greens have infinite variety in color, 
shade, texture, and outline. Where such growth exists it is a cardinal 
sin to tear it out for the so-called improvements of common cultivation. 
There is, however, just as great an opportunity here to develop dis- 
tinctive beauty as there is in the most brilliantly colored flower garden. 
Here, however, weeding out, rather than planting in, would be the 
proper method of cultivation, for the weed here is a plant out of place, 
a plant that is attractive somewhere else, but that here destroys or im- 
pairs the beauty of the green garden. 



Landscapes are the great gardens that the big men and women 
of the future will help to conserve and create. It is inevitable that 
the taste of many members of all Garden Clubs should lead them 
to give all their serious thought to the perfection of that exquisite piece 
of fine jewelry that is represented by the perfectly appointed and main- 
tained little home garden, but there are others who must have within 
their daily vision the mottling and the coloring of big cloud shadows in 
broad landscapes, the changing lights of morning, noon, and evening, 
the dignity and beauty of hundred-year-old trees. 

The range of interests between these two extremes would 
comprise all forms of cultivated and wild conditions. Whatever spe- 
cial interest there may be in either form of gardening, there will always 
be for all who travel beyond the walls of the home and home grounds, 
on foot or in any vehicle, the Great Gardens of the Landscape. 

If the Garden Clubs are to be a potent and far-reaching force, 
they must be active in the conservation of such Great Gardens, and 
they must make little gardens that are of interest to every one who passes 
along the highways. 

Give the passer-by a glimpse of your garden. Open a vista to 
your choicest landscape scenes and to your finest trees. You can do it 
without impairing your privacy. Go beyond this, and make your road- 
sides so distinctively attractive that you may always feel that the appre- 
ciative ones who pass by will gain some of the pleasure from the beauty 
that it is your pleasure to create. 

It is this work, especially, from which the public gains a direct 
benefit, which will be one of the most effective methods of extending the 
usefulness of the Garden Club movement. It will help to lead all the 
people to such an appreciation of flower gardens and landscapes that we 
shall soon see a multitude of gardens, not only in the fine estates, but also 
in every little home ground. It is this multitude of little gardens that will 
give a constant succession of beauty to those who use the highways, not 
alone the few fine gardens on great estates. 

Warren H. Manning. 



In this rapid development of Garden Clubs, springing up as they 
are in every locality, there is a remarkable amount of potential energy 
which, if properly directed might lead to much important knowledge 
with its naturally important results. Am I wrong in feeling that Garden 
Clubs in general, as they stand now, have no co-ordination in what they 
try to do or wish to know and their methods of going about it? Unlike 
any other body of people which wishes to learn a subject, the average 
Garden Club has no definite order of study. 

The most vital spark toward success lies in the freedom and un- 
consciousness of its members in their exchange of experiences. If mem- 



bers of a club have not yet reached a point of knowledge where this is 
possible and yet are in earnest in their desire to learn, they could, to 
begin with, follow a definite program planned by some experienced per- 
son. The best way to learn to garden is to garden, and with study or 
discussions as well, the advance would be more assured. 

Would it not be well for each Club to have a definite program for 
a year's study mapped out in advance, and have different members 
allotted their different topics, as parts of the whole? 

The first requirement for Garden Club membership should be that 
each member be ready to take her definite part. Merely "on-look- 
ing" members never added anything to any serious enterprise toward 
learning. They are always the most formidable part of any audience. 
No one who is really doing anything minds having others who are also 
doing things listen to her, but she does mind the unresponsive attitude 
of the women who only come to listen. It is these members who kill 
the informal freedom of Garden Clubs which is their life. 

If Garden Clubs are for the dissemination of information toward 
the general advancement of amateur knowledge, the austere idea of 
formality must disappear. If members of garden clubs are in earnest 
there should be none of the "timidity" which members all talk about. 
If members are elected because they are in earnest, real garden clubs 
will exist. If members are elected because they happen to be a part of 
a social community, real garden clubs will not exist; they will become 
merely tea clubs with a smattering of lectures thrown in as a raison d'etre 
for the gatherings, and the few earnest gardeners in the group will pick 
up what crumbs they may when, with a definite amount of study and 
knowledge these earnest women might have made much more of their 
time. 

There is nothing more needed in this rapidly developing country 
than the intelligent enlightenment of the average woman on garden sub- 
jects in all their varied phases. We do not need any more organiza- 
tions for superficial knowledge. Cannot the Garden Club of America 
ask each club to submit a program for the logical outlay of the energy 
of its members, with more enlightened knowledge of the great principles 
of the flower garden as a result in view? The unfolding of a subject 
which is so vast and so fine would bring to many a woman an interest 
of which, in the beginning, she little dreamed, and which at present she 
seldom gets. 

Martha Brookes Hutcheson, 

Garden Club of Somerset Hills, N. J. 

September 1, 1915. 



ftbe Soil 

This paper is intended for persons who are laying out new gardens 
or enlarging old ones. 

A very thorough preparation of the soil gives a lasting advantage. 
As ideal soil is seldom found in the site selected, it is the upbuilding of 
ordinary types of soil that this article will cover. 

I. Securing Humus (Decaying Vegetable Matter) in the 

Soil 

Humus can be secured by ploughing under green crops. Buck- 
wheat and rye are excellent for this purpose, as both grow well on poor 
soil. One is well repaid by planting and ploughing in buckwheat once, 
and even twice in the summer, and following this by fall planted rye 
ploughed under in the spring. By using early Japanese buckwheat two 
crops are readily grown in one summer. Legumes may be better in 
some respects, especially in sandy soil, but buckwheat and rye do not 
require inoculation and are certain to give results. Buckwheat chokes 
weeds. 

Humus can also be obtained by broadcasting and ploughing in 
barnyard manure. Use this in addition to the green crops in order to 
obtain the very best results. In such case spread the manure on the 
rye in the autumn. Beside the added humus valuable bacterial action 
is obtained from the use of humus. 

Clay, sandy and "worn-out" soils are especially in need of humus. 
It makes clay soil friable, opening up the rich food stored in clay; and 
it renders sandy soil more compact and retentive of moisture. What 
such treatment can do for "worn-out" soil is shown in one of my farm 
fields, which, five years ago was known as the "worst field in the 
county," and to-day is growing five tons of alfalfa per acre. 

2. Elimination of Acidity. 

An acid soil is not a fertile one for most plants. Most soil in the 
eastern United States is naturally acid. A deficiency of lime produces 
an acid soil; a sufficiency, an alkaline soil. An acid soil is easily 
recognized by the presence of sorrel or by the litmus paper test. 

After ploughing in the last green crop, apply ground limestone or 
ground oyster shell (two tons per acre) or basic slag ( 1 200 pounds 
per acre). Keep these away from lilies, peonies, rhododendrons and 
spruce trees. 

3. Drainage 

There are very few garden sites which do not demand underdraw- 
ing, or which could not be greatly improved by underdraining. After 
the ploughing and grading are finished, and the walks, pools, etc., staked 
out, drains of agricultural round tile are easily laid in trenches at a 
gradient of not less than 8 inches to 1 00 feet and not less than 30 inches 
deep. 



The advantages of draining are many and sure. Excessive 
moisture makes the soil sour and cold. Soil that is not well drained 
"bakes" and forms a crust that discourages even the strongest plants. 
Drainage regulates the supply of moisture, aerates the soil (thus stimu- 
lating bacterial action) and makes it warmer and therefore earlier. 
Even land that lies high and has considerable natural drainage is, unless 
very sandy, improved by tile draining, which deepens the top soil and 
puts it into condition to receive the most benefit from the rain and any 
applications of fertilizers. 

Draining by subsoiling with dynamite has, in my experience, given 
very satisfactory results. This should be done before tiling. Dynamite 
can be used with entire safety if reasonable precautions are taken in 
handling it. If preferred, a professional blaster can be employed. 

4. Fertilizers 

The very best fertilizer for the garden is well-rotted barnyard 
manure; its beneficent bacterial action in the soil makes it invaluable. 
Rich in nitrogen, it is somewhat lacking in phosphoric acid and potash, 
which are easily supplied in necessary quantities by the application of 
commercial fertilizers. Nitrogen can also be supplied by ploughing 
under green crops. If humus has been conscientiously added, if the soil 
has been properly sweetened, if the tile draining has been carefully done, 
the soil is in condition to benefit to the utmost from any fertilizer that a 
certain plant may require. In my own garden, which was prepared in 
the way described in this article, very little fertilizer except manure is 
used. Wood ashes from the winter hearth and some bone meal for a 
specially prized paeony or rose are used each year. But the vigor and 
abundance and beauty of the flowers I ascribe to that first thorough 
preparation of the soil. 

While all this preparation takes time and money (delaying the 
actual planting of the garden for one year) the expenditure will give 
ample returns for many years to come in stronger and better plants which 
are more easily grown. If you have not your own farm organization, 
the ploughing and green crop planting can be done by some nearby 
farmer. 

I would suggest that much help in gardening would be gained by 
a further short study of the soil and its treatment. Three excellent and 
clearly written books on the subject are : 

"First Principles of Soil Fertility," Alfred Vivian. 

"Soil Management," F. H. King. 

"Practical Farm Drainage," C. G. Elliott. 

Mrs. Edward Harding, 
Garden Club of Somerset Hills, N. J. 



Qtilve. Boarbman's Exbtbttton of Garden Books 

It was with the greatest pleasure that I spent parts of three days 
in the New York Public Library studying the interesting prints and 
books on gardening collected by Mrs. Albert Boardman for our instruc- 
tion, finding many there which I had never seen and others that I had 
long wished to read. 

Being much interested of late in herb gardens for useful purposes, 
I found "The Book of Herbs," by Lady Rosalind Northcote quite 
fascinating. She quotes from the best old writers the use of herbs in 
magic, perfume and old-time healing, heraldry and ornament. 

"Herbal Simples," by Dr. Fernie, should be useful at this time 
when "Economies," "Good Housekeeping" and "How to Buy" are 
being taught and followed; and what simpler than to grow and dry 
one's own herbs and learn to use them? Our great grandfathers and 
mothers amused themselves after tea, gathering and mixing the right 
blends to flavor certain dishes. 

"A History of Gardening in England," by the Hon. Evelyn 
Cecil, was one of the most interesting books in the collection with a 
bibliography of printed works on English gardens from 1516 to 1837, 
copiously illustrated with wood cuts from the earliest books, as well as 
pictures from the modem prints. 

"The Gardener's Labyrinth, or a New Art of Gardening, wherein 
is laid down new and rare inventions and secrets in gardening not here- 
tofore known," London, 1 652, looked as though it might teach us much 
that has been forgotten in our newer methods. 

There were books on every garden subject, "English Ironwork of 
the XVII and XVIII Centuries," by J. Gardener, showed illustrations 
of gates like old lace, and fences like the filmy flouncings of our grand- 
mothers; they almost make one discontented with hedges, they are so 
beautiful! 

Others showed gardens in India, Persia, Japan and Madeira, as 
well as those in Europe with which we are familiar. 

These, and old prints of Versailles, also Le Notres Plan de 
Jardin des Tuilleries, with many others as rare, made this a collection 
of value to the student of garden literature. 

We hope to arrange a like exhibition in Philadelphia and will 
endeavor to show as many old books as possible. We have here in 
John Bartram's library, and others, ancient parchment volumes, Parkin- 
son and the older Matthioli (Pietro Andrea), whose commentaries on 
Dioscorides were translated into more languages than any Botany 
previous to Linnaeus. I shall be grateful to any one who will contribute 
rare books, or the newer foreign publications; in fact, anything which 



may be of interest to the many gardeners whom we expect may come to 
Philadelphia in March for the Exhibition of the International Flower 
Show, to be held here at that time. 

Mrs. W. W. Frazier, Jr. 
2 1 32 Spruce Street, Philadelphia. 

It is with great regret that The BULLETIN announces the death 
of Mrs. Albert B. Boardman, President of the Garden Club of South- 
ampton, L. I. Mrs. Boardman's interest, enthusiasm and zeal will be 
genuinely missed by the Garden Club of America. 

Hmateur (Sarfceners' Club of Baltimore 

The Amateur Gardeners' Club of Baltimore has directed its 
activities chiefly in two directions, perfecting its machinery and provid- 
ing practical talks on garden subjects. 

Among the professionals who have spoken to the Club have been 
Mr. Siedwitz on "Climbers," Miss Lee on "Landscape Gardening in 
Gardens," Mr. Fuld on "Bulbs," and Mr. Kelsey on "Mistakes in 
Outdoor Home Building." 

Most enjoyable from a purely aesthetic point of view were Miss 
Macllvaine's account of Royal Gardens of Ceylon, Mrs. Richards' of 
the Gardens of California, and Mrs. Wilson's of the Gardens of South 
Carolina. 

The Club joined last spring with several other clubs in promoting 
the outdoor performance of a "Bird Masque," Mrs. Bouton's garden 
being loaned for the purpose. 

At the suggestion of Mrs. Garrett, the Club adopted the Black- 
eyed Susan, the Maryland flower, as its emblem. 

A contest in the home growing of bulbs was held in January, and 
the flowers were exhibited at the residence of one of its members. 

We are planning for the winter campaign a sort of double action 
that we hope will bring great results. The amateur gardeners in 
America seem, as a whole, grossly ignorant. Their zeal and desire for 
a garden seem far ahead of their ability to produce one. In an effort 
to increase our knowledge, we have arranged, with the Garden Club of 
Twenty, for four professional talks: "Roses," by Dr. Robert Huey; 
"Color and Bloom in the Garden," by Miss Elsa Rehman; "Garden 
Design," by Miss Rose Standish Nichols, and "Trees and Shrubs," by 
Mr. Dunbar. These are given at other than regular Club meetings. 

For our regular meetings we exact that each member be responsible 
for a talk on some garden subject, either by writing a paper or provid- 
ing some one else to do so. The following subjects have been chosen: 
"The Garden in Winter," "Indoor Bulb Culture," "Birds in the 
Garden," "Citv Back Yards," "Annuals," "Perennials," and "Box." 



Gbe Beoforo (Barren Club 

The Bedford Garden Club holds two regular meetings a month 
during May, June, July, August and September, and one meeting a 
month during the early spring and late fall months. 

During the last year we held one Flower Show in June, when 
roses and other early summer flowers in collections and as specimens 
were exhibited. There were also artistic arrangements of flowers in 
bowls or baskets, and table decorations. 

Several prizes were offered and professionals were invited to judge. 

In September we had a Flower Arrangement Competition in Mrs. 
Henry Marquand's garden. This made a very lovely scene, as the 
flowers were placed under the apple trees surrounding her garden. One 
of the prizes went to the President, Mrs. Frank Hunter Potter, for an 
arrangement suggested by a seventeenth century floral painting. 

We have just formed a committee to take up the subject of plant- 
ing highways, starting school gardens, and beautifying our villages which 
promise to be a very interesting side of our work. 

Henrietta McC. Williams, 

Recording Secretary. 

LIST OF PAPERS AND TOPICS 

Mar. 24, 1915.— House, Mrs. Seth Low; Speaker, Mr. A. H. Pratt. Sub- 
ject, "How to Attract the Birds to the Garden." 

April 7, 1915. — House, Mrs. Charles Gouverneur Weir; Speaker, Mrs. Wil- 
liam A. Hutcheson. Subject, "Flowering Shrubs." 

May 5, 1915. — House, Mrs. Eliphalet Potter; Speaker, Miss Martia 
Leonard. Subject, "Shady Gardens." Short talks by 
Mrs. Benj. W. Morris and Miss Delia W. Marble. 

May 19, 1915.— Visit to the garden of Mr. Benj. F. Fairchild. 

June 2, 1915. — Annual Meeting; House, Mrs. Frank Hunter Potter. 

June 16, 1915. — Flower Show; Hall, the Mt. Kisco Civic and Athletic 
Association. 

July 7, 1915. — House, Mrs. C. Morton Whitman; Speakers, Mrs. Henry 
Marquard, Mrs. Helen Reginald Bishop, Mrs. Marshall 
P. Slade. Subject, "Renovating Lawns." 

July 21, 1915. — Field Day; Visits to Rye Gardens by invitation of Rye 
Garden Club. 

Aug. 4, 1915. — House, Mrs. Lathrop Colgate; Speaker, Mrs. Arthur H. 
Scribner. Subject, "Landscape Gardening at the Pana- 
ma-Pacific Exposition." 

Sept. 8, 1915. — House, Mrs. Henry Marquand; Flower Arrangement Com- 
petition. 

Sept. 22, 1915. — House, Mrs. Moses Taylor; Speaker, Mrs. U. L. Brittin. 
Subject, "Early Spring and Summer Flowers." 

Oct. 6, 1915. — House, Mrs. George S. Nichols; Speaker, Miss Averil. 
Subject, "Japanese Flower Arrangements." 

Oct. 20, 1915. — House, Mrs. Arthur H. Scribner; Speaker, Frederick 
Peterson. Subject, "Chinese Gardens," illustrated by 
Chinese paintings. 



Zbc (Sarfcen Club of Cincinnati 

A Committee on the Improvement of Highways and Settlements, 
with Mrs. Albert Krippendorf as its chairman, was appointed by the 
Cincinnati Garden Club in the spring of 1915, and found itself face to 
face with a problem presenting great possibilities and very decided 
difficulties. As a first step and in order to discover how far the people 
of Cincinnati were in sympathy with its effort, the Garden Club an- 
nounced through the press that 5000 Dorothy Perkins' Roses had been 
procured and would be sold at the nominal price of ten cents each to 
any resident of the city or suburbs who cared to avail himself of the 
offer. Response was immediate and enthusiastic, the demand proving 
so great that instead of 5000, 10,000 plants were disposed of, and it 
was found difficult to supply all orders before the lateness of the season 
made planting impossible. Next spring, however, will see the distribu- 
tion continued with renewed enthusiasm. Encouraged by the success of 
its first effort, the Garden Club has this autumn turned its attention to 
roadside planting, and under the able direction of Mrs. Krippendorf 
four thousand German Iris and eighty thousand Daffodils have been 
naturalized in carefully selected situations. The latest experiment of the 
Garden Club has been in connection with a dirty and neglected plot of 
ground on one of Cincinnati's chief thoroughfares. This depressing spot 
has been cleared, fertilized and cultivated; planted with red bud, dog- 
wood, Spirea Van Houttii and bordered with Iris, and the Garden Club 
looks forward to a time when its blooming beauty will inspire all other 
owners of public eyesores to go and do likewise. The Cincinnati Garden 
Club is still young, but it feels that it has taken at least one step along 
the path that leads to the best and truest expression of itself; that is, to 
the benefit of the many. 

Ethel Wright, 
Garden Club of Cincinnati. 

The Garden Club of Cincinnati has just given a most successful 
evening of lantern slides. About 250 people were asked to see them 
and the pictures were of gardens, old and new. The stately formal 
gardens of Italy and the lovely miniature gardens of Japan were of the 
number. Many views were kindly loaned by Garden Club members 
from other cities, and some were from the gardens of our own Club 
members. 

The well-known garden of Cuernavaca, Mexico, with its won- 
derful old arbor and flight of steps down to the great oval pool was of 
the loveliest. In the end were shown pictures in color of the baskets of 
flowers for table decoration, which was the subject of competition at one 
of our meetings last June. A beautiful white basket filled with 
Delphineum and Candidums was received with great applause. 

Abbie M. Field, 
Garden Club of Cincinnati. 



CALENDAR FOR 1915-16 

Sept. 28, 1915. — Invitation Dahlia Exhibit. 

Oct. 26, 1915. — An exhibition of single and double hardy Chrysanthemums. 

Jan. 25, 1916.— Miss Betts will talk on "Plant Formation." 

Feb. 22, 1916. — Mr. Dubois will talk on "Garden Tools and Accessories." 

Mar. 14, 1916. — The Second Annual Meeting; an exhibition of Forced 

Daffodils. 
April 18, 1916.— An exhibition of Out-Door Daffodils. 
May 9, 1916. — An exhibition of May-Flowering Tulips. 
May 23, 1916. — An exhibition of German Iris and Peonies. 
June 13, 1916.— June Flower Show. 

Mrs. E. Lawrence Jones, 
Chairman of Committee on Lectures. 
Mrs. Thomas Melish, 
Chairman of Committee on Exhibitions. 



CoUtntooob (garben Club 

Co-operating with the 

(Saroen Club of Cleveland 

To the Citizens of the Memorial School District: 

Help Us to Turn This District Into a Garden Community 

Become a member of the Club and enjoy the following ad- 
vantages : 

1 . The right to compete at all Vegetable and Flower Shows. 

2. The right to compete for the best home and vacant lot 
gardens, porch and window boxes, etc. 

3. Expert advice and help in the care of vegetables and flowers. 

4. The privilege to use community tools and apparatus. 

5. The privilege of buying trees, vines, shrubs, seeds and bulbs 
wholesale at the Memorial School. 

6. Children will be assisted in making bird boxes, window and 
porch boxes. 

7. The privilege of securing scientific literature from the Secre- 
tary. 

8. The privilege of attending monthly meetings and having lec- 
turers speak on appropriate subjects. 

Remember: Meetings will take place every fourth Thursday of 
each month. 



Suggestions to Members 

1 . Keep the street clean. Remove weeds from space between 
street and sidewalk, and sow lawn seed. 

2. In the frcnt garden make a good lawn, plant flowers, shrubs 
and vines, and keep in order. 

3. Lay out your back yard in an orderly flower or vegetable 
garden, or both. 

4. Keep the yard clean, bury or burn all rubbish, or keep it in 
closed boxes or cans. 

Beware of flies. They breed in foul places, are carriers of all 
kinds of diseases, and, therefore, a source of danger to all. 

5. If you have no garden of your own, apply to the Secretary 
for a Vacant Lot Garden. 

A number of land owners having the scheme explained to them, 
and being well disposed toward it, gave permission to utilize their 
vacant lots in the Memorial School district. 

The committee thought it wiser to concentrate their efforts upon 
one particular district with a definite area, and thereby gain maximum 
results with a minimum of labor, money and time. We had fifteen 
acres plowed and dragged, as the land was not in a fit condition for 
spade work. 

One good and conspicuous plot was reserved for the use of eight 
older boys of the Memorial School and worked by them as a model 
plot under special supervision. 

The other land, fairly well distributed over the whole district, 
found work for seventy-five families. The average size of the plot is 
60 by 30 feet. Of these seventy-five families, nearly half had no 
gardens at home. The temporary ownership of a small plot capable of 
growing vegetables sufficient for the needs of a family of six persons 
proved of great benefit to them. 

The Collinwood Garden Club was an experiment, but, on the 
whole, a successful one. Necessary advice from experts and their own 
practical experience, combined with the keenness they have shown, should 
make a large number of its members into good gardeners. Others com- 
menced well enough, but when their backs began to hurt and the weeds 
to spring up, they followed the line of least resistance. 

In justification of some failures to make the best use of the land 
might be mentioned: 

1 . That we started the campaign rather late in the season. 

2. That the land had for years been neglected, had grown 
nothing but weeds, and in some cases the top soil had been carried off. 

3. That it lacked autumn cultivation and fertilizers. 

4. That the lack of knowledge of the people with whom we had 
to deal, sometimes led us to give gardens to unreliable persons. 



Failures from most of the above causes could easily be eliminated 
by beginning the campaign early in the fall. 

We provided many of the poorer families with all the seeds 
needed. 

The school gardens of the Memorial School were also taken over 
by us, and provided a healthy, open-air holiday task for fifty children. 
Here again a greater success could have been obtained had it been 
possible to start these gardens while the children were still in school. 

There is no more fascinating problem than the one of school gar- 
dening. Yet if is also a most difficult problem to solve v/ith any degree 
of satisfaction to young or old. A high standard of gardening efficiency 
can be realized among children, but only with the right kind of instruc- 
tion and constant supervision. 

The Secretary carried on a house-to-house campaign, and little 
improvements were noticeable everywhere. 

The community tools, consisting of hand cultivators, sprayers, etc., 
have been utilized wherever needed. 

After two months' work it was seen that real success would only 
be obtained by putting things on a more business-like footing. A gen- 
eral neighborhood meeting was called, and officers to act on the 
Working Committee were elected. It was felt that having a com- 
mittee of members living in the neighborhood and knowing its needs 
would make the work more effective. It was further decided to have 
monthly meetings, at which lecturers would speak on appropriate sub- 
jects and where members could exchange their experiences. We had 
at least one very good lecture by Mr. A. P. Jones, at the East Technical 
High Scohol, on "The Treatment of the Insect Pests and Plant Dis- 
eases." 

On the 26th of August our work culminated in a 

VEGETABLE AND FLOWER SHOW 

There was a keen competition in nearly every class. There were 
seventy-two competitors. The largest proportion of the vegetables came 
from the vacant lot gardens, whereas the flowers were mainly raised in 
home gardens, showing that we encourage the raising of vegetables. 

The money prizes given were generous and well worth competing 
for, but prouder still were some winners in the possession of a red, blue 
or yellow ribbon. 

Great credit is due the judges, who did their work in a thoroughly 
business-like way, and little complaint could be found with the result 
of their judgment. 



MEETINGS OF THE GARDEN CLUB OF CLEVELAND, 1914-15 

Nov., 1914. — Annual Meeting and Chrysanthemum Show. 

Jan., 1915. — Window Box Show (Winter Flower Show). 

Feb., 1915. — Tests (Report of Summer Records). 

Mar., 1915. — Mr. Riggs on Foreign Gardens. 

Mar., 1915. — Mr. Davy on Trees. 

April, 1915. — Mr. Taylor on Evergreens. 

April, 1915. — Mr. and Mrs. J. Hammond Tracy on Gladioli. 

April, 1915. — Mr. Brown on Shrubs. 

May, 1915. — Report of Collinwood Work by Louise Klein Miller. 

May, 1915. — Iris Show. 

June, 1915. — Mr. Koch on Pests. 

June, 1915. — Flower Show at Country Club. 

June, 1915. — Mr. Pyle on Roses. 

July, 1915. — Meeting in Garden. 

July, 1915. — Meeting in Garden. 

Sept., 1915. — Meeting in Garden, 

Sept., 1915. — Miss Nichols on Garden Design. 

Oct., 1915. — Mr. Manning on Vistas. 

Nov., 1915. — Annual Meeting and Report on Tests. 



£be East Hampton (Sarfcen Club 

We have not as yet accomplished anything for the benefit of our 
community at large. It is our intention to do so, however, and we will 
be glad to hear of the efforts and success of other clubs. 

We have found most interesting to ourselves our flower contests, 
held twice each month. Prizes, consisting of ribbons, are offered for 
such flowers and vegetables as should reach perfection at the time of 
the meeting. The past year the ribbons were awarded by popular vote, 
but a committee of judges has been appointed for next season. After 
the meetings the flowers are sent to our village library. 

1915 PROGRAM OF EAST HAMPTON GARDEN CLUB 

June 8, 1915. — Lecture by Mr. Maurice Fuld. Subject, "Perennials." 
June 22, 1915. — Prizes for Hybrid Tea Rose, Hardy Perpetual Rose, 

Climbing Rose. One specimen only of each variety to be 

shown. 
July 13, 1915. — Lecture by Miss L. Alderson. Subject, "Color Schemes 

in the Herbaceous Border and Flowering Shrubs." 

Prizes for Sweet Peas. 
July 23, 1915. — Flower Show. Library. 

July 27, 1915. — Lecture by Mrs. S. E. Brown. Prizes for Lettuce, Gar- 
den Peas, Snapdragon, Stocks. 
Aug. 10, 1915. — Lecture by Mrs. Fullerton. Subject, "Vegetables." Prizes 

for Phlox, Lilies. 
Aug. 24, 1915. — Experience Meeting. Prizes for Salpiglossis, Scabiosa, 
Sept 7, 1915. — Lecture by Mr. Maurice FulcL Subject, "Fall Work in 

the Garden." Prizes for Asters. 
Sept. 24, 1915.— Lecture by Mr. Hand. Subject, "Fruit Trees." Prizes for 

Dahlias, Tomatoes. 

Elizabeth Lockwood. 



£be (Barfceners of flUontaomen) ant) Delaware 

Counties 

A Neighborhood Plant Exchange 

For several years the gardeners held a spring plant exchange 
among the club members; but year before last we felt that it would be 
far more useful if it were made a neighborhood work. We decided to 
hold two exchanges simultaneously and obtained permission to hold 
them on a Saturday in May outside the Ardmore Public School and 
the Bryn Mawr Business Women's Club, central locations about two 
miles apart. Trestles were loaned by the members, boards to form the 
tables were loaned by lumber dealers, advertising was done without 
expense in local papers and by home-made posters. The invitations 
urged all to join in a neighborhood interest, to give what they had to 
spare whether roots or a few seeds in the bottom of a package, and to 
bring their baskets, even though they had nothing to offer in exchange. 
One or two of the club members advertised the project by visiting some 
of the neighbors owning small yards. 

On the day of the exchange many came with definite wishes for 
special plants. One man wanted lilies-of-the-valley, and though there 
were none in the early part of the afternoon, he secured some later on; 
a woman wanted any vines that would shade her porch; another asked 
for bright flowers to make a cheery outlook for an invalid mother who 
sat all day long by a window; and many of the club members needed 
plants to bloom at some special seasons when their gardens were dull. 
But it was equally interesting to see the plants and seeds contributed — 
from the fine young fig tree given by an Italian laborer that he had 
grown as a cutting from one he had brought from Italy, to the young 
tomato and cabbage seedlings raised in quantities in green houses or hot 
beds and that would otherwise have been thrown away. 

Last year the Citizens' Association, the School Gardens' Asso- 
ciation, the Weeders and the Gardeners co-operated in the work, hold- 
ing exchanges at four centers, and offering prizes of money in each 
district for the neatest front and back yards, and for improvement over 
the condition of the yards since similar prizes had been offered by the 
Citizens' Association the previous year. 

A few capable people can accomplish the work with little effort 
and no expense except the prizes. But the true success of such a neigh- 
borhood work lies in the attitude of the workers; in their ability to lay 
aside all sense of the Lady Bountiful, and with gracious tact and cour- 
tesy to receive as well as to give. 

Mary R. G. Williams. 



The members of the Gardeners are also urged to raise flowers, 
suitable for cutting, for the Fruit, Flower and Ice Mission, which holds 
its meetings regularly once a week all summer at various stations along 
the Main Line, and which sends great hampers of small bouquets to 
the city each week, composed of "something white, something bright, 
something sweet and something green." Rose geraniums, mint, lemon 
verbena and balm are all desirable, both as something green and some- 
thing sweet smelling, and also any small flowers which do not fade too 
easily. 

PROGRAM 

Sept. 29, 1914.— "Bulbs." Mrs. Robinson. 

Sept. 29, 1914.— "Fall Transplanting." Mrs. Thomas. 

Oct. 13, 1914. — "Raising Mushrooms in the Cellar." Mrs. Lloyd. 

Oct. 20, 1914. — "Attracting and Protecting the Birds in Winter," with ex- 
hibits." Mrs. Elliott. 

Oct. 27, 1914. — "Wall and Other English Gardens," with lantern slides. 
Miss Bright. 

Nov. 10, 1914.— "Iris." Mr. Boyd. 

Nov. 27, 1914. — "Native Vegetable Dyes," with exhibits. Mrs. Branson. 

Jan. 1, 1915. — "Neighborhood Betterment, etc." Mrs. Jean Kane Foulk. 

Feb. 11, 1915. — Papers on "The Relation of the Flower Garden to the 
House," written for Garden Club of America contest by 
Mrs. H. W. Sellers and Mrs. Joseph C. Bright. 

Mar. 9, 1915. — "Gardens I Have Known," with lantern slides. Miss 
Elizabeth Leighton Lee. 

Mar. 23, 1915. — "Spring Gardens." Garden Club of America paper by 
Mrs. Farrand. 

April 12, 1915. — "Rose Culture." Garden Club of America paper by Fred- 
erick Taylor. 

April 26, 1915. — Visit to Mrs. Woodward's and Mrs. Ludington's gardens. 

May 18, 1915/ — Reports of Baltimore Meeting. 

June 1, 1915. — "Bees." Mrs. W. H. Collins' "Bees in the Garden." Gar- 
den Club of America paper by Mrs. W. Wright. 

June 8, 1915. — Paper on "Road Planting." Mr. Symons. Report of 
Highway Improvement Committee by Dr. Warthin. 

June 22, 1915. — "Newport Gardens," Miss Morris. "Notes on English 
Flowers and Gardens," Miss E. D. Williams. 

July 13, 1915. — Discussion of bulbs to be ordered from Holland. 

Sept. 28, 1915. — Question Box and Experience Meeting. 

Oct. 12, 1915. — "Shakespeare Gardens." Mrs. Branson. 

Oct. 28, 1915.— Club Flower Show. 

Nov. 9, 1915. — Chrysanthemum Meeting. 

Nov. 22, 1915. — "Care and Protection of Standard Roses," Mrs. La 
Boiteaux. "Procrastinating Perennials," Mrs. Henry S. 
Williams. 

Jan. 11, 1916'. — Garden Planning Contest. 

Feb. 15, 1916.— House Bulb Show. 

Mar. 14, 1916. — "Practical and Lseful Experiences." Mrs. Ladd. 

Mar. 28, 1916.— "Candidum Lilies." Mrs. Hartshorne. 

April 11, 1916. — "Unusual Gardens." Miss Bright. 

April 25, 1916. — "Raising Chrysanthemums from Seeds and Slips." Mrs. 
David E. Williams. 

May 9, 1916— "Mv Rock Gardens in the North." Mrs. McCawlev. 



THE GARDEN CLUB OF HARTFORD COUNTY 
PROGRAM 

April 7, 1915. — Business Meeting. 

April 29, 1915. — "Dahlias and Hardy Chrysanthemums." Lecturer, Mr. 

Vincent. 
May 6, 1915. — Discussion Meeting. 

May 20, 1915. — "Succession of Iris." Lecturer, Mr. Thilow. 
May 26, 1915.— Garden Visiting. 
June 3, 1915. — Annual Meeting. 
June 17, 1915. — Discussion Meeting. 

July 1, 1915. — "Something About Shrubbery." Lecturer, Mr. Byan. 
July 15, 1915. — "Small Gardens." Lecturer, Mr. Pratt. 
July 29, 1915. — "Planting and Care of Shrubbery." Lecturer, Mr. Stras- 

burger. 
Aug. 5, 1915. — Snapdragons Judged. 
Aug. 19, 1915. — Zinnias Judged. 
Sept. 2, 1915.— Garden Party. 
Sept. 16, 1915. — Discussion Meeting. 
Oct. 7, 1915. — Garden Visiting. 
Nov. 19, 1915. — (A meeting of several Clubs.) "From Snow to Snow." 

Lecturer, Mr. Thilow. 

£be (Sarfcen Club of Wlinote 

The municipal garden idea is an old one, familiar, no doubt, to all 
readers of The BULLETIN, but that the Garden Club of Illinois should 
take an active and financial interest in such a project was an idea new 
to its members. The Chicago City Gardens Association, last spring, 
asked our help in establishing a municipal farm. About $500 was 
needed to pay the salary of a competent farmer as superintendent and 
overseer and to help defray the expense of plowing and preparing a 
fifty-acre tract which had been offered to the association for a term of 
years, rent free. 

This amount was raised among the members, and an active interest 
was shown by the many visits paid to the farms during the summer. 
Because of the unusually wet season, it was possible to cultivate only 
about thirty acres, giving space to forty families. Many of these fami- 
lies built shacks on their plots, which were both decorative and useful. 
One man was able to sell $35 worth of celery, besides raising enough 
vegetables to take care of his family during the summer. Another man 
told with pathos that he had not had a spade in his hand for twenty- 
two years, and that he had never expected to be so happy again as he 
was in his garden. His little shack was covered with vines and flowers, 
his potato crop yielded some thirty bushels and his cabbages were beyond 
criticism. 

One surely takes a keen satisfaction in being even a small factor 
in helping these people on the road toward successful truck farming. 
What occupation is more healthful and wholesome, and what money 
better spent, than that given to help our city poor to help themselves 
through a remunerative outdoor occupation? 

Jean M. Cudahy. 



The Garden Club of Illinois selected a triangular piece of public, 
unimproved property, about three acres, situated at the entrance of Lake 
Forest, as a site for a design competition. The mayor of Lake Forest, 
as well as the Garden Club was interested in developing this property as 
a park. 

The city engineer made a special survey giving the contours, size 
and location of the tree growth and had blue prints made for each 
member of the club. 

The club is fortunate in having Mr. Edward Bennett as an 
honorary member. It was mainly through his genius that the San 
Francisco fair grounds were so well laid out. Mr. Bennett drew up 
the program for the competition and Mr. R. R. Root, head of the 
Department of the School of Landscape at the University of Illinois, 
judged the entries. The prize was awarded to the plan submitted by 
Mrs. Tiffany Blake. 

The plans are now to be submitted to the mayor and City Council 
of Lake Forest, and it is hoped that the money will be raised perma- 
nently to beautify the site as a park in a fitting way to be an introduc- 
tion to Lake Forest. 

The Garden Club of Illinois has also arranged to standardize all 
its printed matter. Papers, lists, by-laws, programs, rules, are all 
printed on paper 5^ by 8^2 inches, which is perforated and fits into 
a loose-leaf binder of black leather marked Garden Club of Illinois. 
As The BULLETIN and all Garden Club of America publications are 
this same size, everything can be conveniently and neatly filed, with no 
danger of loss or confusion. The Bulletins of the Arnold Arboretum 
and many Government leaflets also correspond in size. 

This method is so simple and successful that all other Garden 
Clubs are urged to adopt it, using The BULLETIN as a standard for 
size. It will facilitate the exchange of club data, and lists and leaflets 
that have hitherto been a nuisance will become a convenience and source 
of valuable information. 

PROGRAM 

Mar. 17, 1915. — At Mrs. McLaughlin's. Address by Mrs. Laura Dainty 
Pelhan, on "City Gardens." 

April 17, 1915. — At Mrs. Meeker's, Chicago. Stereopticon lecture on "Lu- 
ther Burbank," by Mr. Herbert Gleason, of Boston. 

May 19, 1915. — At Mrs. Sprague's. Lecture by Prof. Henry Chandler 
Cowles, on "Plants in Relation to Their Environment." 

June 9, 1915. — At Mrs. Greeley's. Contest for flower arrangements. 
Paper on "Four Tuscan Gardens," by Mrs. Greeley. 

June 21, 1915. — At Mrs. McBirney's. Stereopticon lecture on "Roses," by 
Mr. Robert Pyle. 

July 6, 1915. — At Mrs. Ryerson's. Lecture on "The Organization of Town 
Forests and Modern Methods in Caring for Street and 
Park Trees," by Prof. James Toumey, of Yale Uni- 
versity. 



July 21, 1915. — At Miss NewelFs. Paper on "Landscape Gardening," writ- 
ten by Mr. William W. Renwick, of Short Hills Garden 
Club, and read by Miss Newell. Flower contest — Per- 
fection of Bloom and arrangement. 

Sept. 8, 1915. — At Mrs. Viles'. Paper on "A Gardener's Growth," by 
Mrs. Laflin. Report on Specialties. Report on prizes 
given the North Shore Horticultural Society and the 
Lake Shore Horticultural Society. 

Sept. 23, 1915. — At Mrs. McCormick's. "Vistas." Theory and demonstra- 
tion, by Mr. Warren H. Manning, of Boston. 

Oct. 13, 1915. — At Mrs. Elting's. Stereopticon lecture on "Japanese Gar- 
dens," by Mrs. Hubbard. 

Nov. 9, 1915. — At Mrs. Patterson's. Annual Meeting. Exhibition of 
competitive plans and awards. 

£be (Barren Club of Xawrence, X. % 

The Garden Club of Lawrence, Long Island, has been in exist- 
ence three years and now has 1 38 members. The meetings begin in 
May and continue until November. There are two meetings a month; 
one the first Thursday in the month at 11 A. M., the other the third 
Thursday in the month at 3.30 P. M. Tea is served at the afternoon 
meeting. There is usually a lecture at each meeting. The lecturers 
are paid with money received from the dues. 

There are Flower Shows at almost every meeting, beginning with 
a Daffodil Show in May. The list of flowers to be exhibited during the 
summer is sent out in February, so that members may order their seeds 
and bulbs with that idea in mind. 

Besides this work, we have formed a sub-committee for the pur- 
pose of beautifying highways and vacant lots. This committee, with 
the President of the Garden Club in the chair, met once a month in the 
morning, and have started and are carrying out plans for sowing seeds, 
planting plants and generally beautifying waste places. The committee 
also brought to the attention of the village trustees and owners of prop- 
erty unsightly conditions of streets and vacant land, and much has been 
accomplished. 

The Garden Club also joined with the Nassau Industrial School 
and offered money prizes to the people of a certain district for vegetables, 
flowers and the yard showing the greatest improvement during the sum- 
mer. This was very successful. 

In all, the Garden Club of Lawrence feels it has had a successful 
season, but there is always the hope of a better one, and we shall begin 
the meetings of 1916 with that end in view. 

Mrs. George B. Sanford, 

Lawrence, Long Island. 

May 6, 1915.— "Fruits." Mr. George T. Powell. 

May 20, 1915. — "Color Planting." Miss Mary Youngs. 

June 3, 1915.— "Dahlias." Mr. R. Vincent. 

June 17, 1915.— "Roses." Mr. George T. Powell. 



July 1, 1915. — "Vegetables." Mr. Edwin Jenkins. 

July 15, 1915. — "Peonies and Iris." Mr. Bertram Farr. 

Aug. 5, 1915. — "Chrysanthemums." Experience Meeting. 

Aug. 19, 1915. — "Birds and Bird Music." Dr. Henry Oldys. 

Sept. 2, 1915.— "Fall Work in the Garden." Mr. Maurice Fuld. 

Sept. 16, 1915.— Dahlia Exhibition. Mrs. Otis Chapman, Jr. 

Oct. 7, 1915. — "Hardy Perennials." Mr. Harry A. Bunyard. 

Oct. 21, 1915.— "Garden Outlines and Their Values." Miss L. Alderson. 

£be Xenox Garben Club 

The Lenox Garden Club, now beginning its sixth year, reports a 
very successful and interesting season, during which meetings were held 
every two weeks, of Club or Council, with informal conferences and 
demonstrations or lectures by experts on subjects pertaining to horti- 
culture. 

Our Vice-President, Dr. W. Gilman Thompson, favored the 
club with a lecture illustrated with charts and specimens on "Garden 
Plants Used in Medicine." Professor Chandler, the noted chemist, 
told us about dyestuffs obtained from madder, logwood, saffron and 
other plants, and how they have been replaced advantageously by the 
synthetic processes of modern chemistry. 

Mr. Herbert W. Faulkner, of Washington, Conn., lectured most 
entertainingly upon "The Mysteries of the Flowers," using ingenious 
working models on a large scale of flowers and of the bees and other 
insects that cross-fertilize them. 

Among the lecturers was also Louis Agissis Fuertes, the artist- 
ornithologist, who delighted us with his talk about "Birds in the 
Garden." His water color pictures of birds and his clever imitations 
of their songs are equally remarkable. 

At the Annual Meeting in October the officers of the Club were 
re-elected and committees appointed to prepare for the entertainment of 
the Garden Club of America at Lenox on June 27, 28, 29, 1916. 
By way of entertainment at this meeting, we had a talk by Mr. Wilson, 
horticultural explorer connected with the Arnold Arboretum of Boston. 
He showed about seventy-five tinted lantern views of the charming 
gardens of Japan. 

Thomas Shields Clarke. 

Xttcbfielb (Sarben Club, Season 1915 

During the summer months of 1915 the Litchfield Garden Club 
has held eight regular meetings, all well attended. The club has estab- 
lished associate memberships, such members having all the privileges of 
the club, save the vote and paying dues of $5.00. 

There have been three interesting and profitable lectures given 
before the club, one on "Roses" by Mr. Maurice Fuld, which was 
followed by a demonstration of pruning in the garden of the hostess of 
the day. 



A lecture on "Birds," by Mr. Herbert K. Job, was given under 
the auspices of the club, and was free to the public, with a view to in- 
structing the children, who responded by a gratifyingly large attendance. 
The club feels keenly the necessity of a widespread campaign of educa- 
tion as to the value of birds, both from the point of view of their utility 
and their aesthetic value. Few questions before the American people 
to-day are of greater importance than that of protecting our trees from 
the ravages of insects, and nearly all our birds are great conservators of 
forests. 

A third and most charming lecture was delivered before the club 
by Mr. Chester Jay Hunt on "The Romantic Tulip," with some very 
practical and inspiring information added. 

The Litchfield Garden Club has started a library of its own, and 
the librarian has a number of excellent papers, which are at the service 
of any of the member clubs. 

A Plant Committee has been appointed and at each meeting there 
is to be posted a list of plants for sale by members having a surplus of 
such plants. Members also bring whatever cut flowers they have in 
perfection. These are sold to club members for a nominal sum, thereby 
adding, in the season, a substantial sum to the ever-needy treasury. 

The New Haven Railroad station and surroundings at Litchfield 
have been the one unsightly feature of the otherwise beautiful town, and 
the Garden Club, last October, 1914, acting in co-operation with the 
Village Improvement Association, reclaimed and planted with shrubs 
and climbing roses seventy-five feet of bank facing the station. The 
railroad company then planted sixty fir trees and paved with stones a 
small brook near the bank, and have agreed to work with the club in 
continuing the improvement to the land surrounding the station. 

The Gladiolus was selected as the flower to which the members 
bent their best efforts toward successful cultivation, and a show, small 
but satisfactory, was held in August. 

The event in the season's course, in which the club feel the most 
grateful satisfaction, is their admission as a member club to the Garden 
Club of America. 

Margaret L. Gage. 

PROGRAM OF LITCHFIELD GARDEN CLUB 

SEASON OF 1916 

June 9, 1916. — Business Meeting. 

June 23, 1916.— Talk by Mr. John Lindley on "Flora of Litchfield County 

and Vicinity." 
July 7, 1916. — Lecture by Mr. Cumming, of Pierson & Co., on "Roses," 

illustrated by specimens of roses. 
July 21, 1916. — Paper on "Lilies," by Mrs. Henry S. Munroe. 
Aug. 4, 1916.— 
Aug. 18, 1916. — Paper, "An Annual Garden," by Miss Richards. Garden 

to be shown. 



Sept. 1, 1916. — Paper, "Fall Preparation of a Perennial Border," with 

contributed information from all the members. 
Sept. 15, 1916.— Lecture by Mrs. Farrand. 
Sept. 29, 1916.— Annual Meeting. 

During the latter part of June the Club will make an exhibition at the 
annual Flower and Vegetable Show of the Litchfield Grange, and in August 
will hold a Gladiolus Show at the Litchfield Lawn Club. 

(Barren Club of flDicbigan 

Our chief interest centers around the three shows we hold each 
year, a Daffodil, a Tulip and a Fall show. Our most ambitious work 
has been the publication of the little book, "Pronunciation of Plant 
Names," a reprint of an English publication, the present authority on 
the subject. 

We are caring less for paid lecturers and are relying on our own 
members for entertainment and instruction. 

This year we hope to spend a generous part of our income on 
roadside planting. 

Romaine Latta Warren, 

President. 
THE FALL SHOW 

This show was very informal. There was no special arrangement 
of classes. Single specimens were allowed and every garden flower, 
fruit and vegetable was eligible. The list of exhibitors ranged from the 
possessors of extensive gardens to boys and girls who brought from their 
tiny plots the really creditable results of their labors, which, in several 
cases, won the blue ribbon. 

Indoor and outdoor fruit met in rivalry, collections were prettily 
shown and many surprises were the result of the request to bring any- 
thing interesting. 

The informality of the affair gave many timid garden lovers the 
courage to exhibit their treasures, and we hope did a small bit toward 
the end we are all striving for — to create, in rich and poor, a personal 
interest in the growing of plants and an earnest desire to "garden finely." 

Alice H. Towle. 

GARDEN VISITING DAY 

In May, when many of the gardens were especially beautiful with 
thousands of tulips in bloom, cards were sent out by the Secretary giv- 
ing a list of gardens, which would be open for the inspection of mem- 
bers of the club and their friends. Early in the afternoon of the day 
designated automobiles filled with garden enthusiasts began the tour of 
the gardens. As people started at different times and came from differ- 
ent directions, there were never too many people at one time in any of 
the gardens. Friends met and separated and met again in different 
surroundings. Criticism, advice and commendation were all freely 



given. There were no hostesses, as the owners of the gardens went to 
see those of their neighbors. Guests were shown about by interested 
gardeners, who delighted in calling attention of the visitors to special 
exhibitions of their skill and success. Toward the end of the after- 
noon there was an informal meeting at the Country Club for a cup of 
tea and to "talk it over." 

Eleanor C. Parker, 

Garden Club of Michigan. 

An interesting experiment, tried by the Garden Club of Michigan 
during the past year, was a "Garden Plan Contest" in which fifteen 
members competed. 

The contestants were required to draw a plan to scale of a piece 
of land 100 by 150 feet, to include house, lawn, flower and vegetable 
gardens, trees and herbaceous border. 

Miss Elizabeth Leighton Lee, of Philadelphia, was the judge of 
the contest and was so encouraging in her criticisms that the winner of 
the first prize was inspired to continue in the work and is now enrolled 
as a pupil in the Lowethorpe School at Groton, Mass. 

Mrs. John V. Redfield, 

Garden Club of Michigan. 

Zbe flRillbroofc (Sarben Club 

The campaign against the tent caterpillar started last year is to 
be continued this winter. We have offered prizes to the children in the 
public schools for the largest collections of the egg cases. 

Last winter the winner of the first prize collected 1 2,800 cases. 

We are encouraging children to make and tend their own flower 
gardens, the club procuring reliable seeds and selling them at nominal 
prices. 

The gardens are visited by members of the club and the children 
are invited to bring their flowers for exhibition. 

We are turning our attention also to the highways and byways in 
our neighborhood. A Men's Roadside Committee has been formed 
whose interesting work it is to take note of the condition of the shade 
trees, to co-operate with property owners for the elimination of 
diseased, dead, or otherwise undesirable trees, and the planting of new 
ones where needed. 

Hilda Mary Knott. 

(Barren Club of ©range anb Butcbess Counties 

During the year 1915 the Garden Club of Orange and Dutchess 
Counties has held nine meetings, at two of which there were lectures, 
one by Mr. Powell on "The Soil," and one by Mr. Montague Free 



on "Rock Gardens." One Flower Show was held at Mt. Gulian, Mrs. 
Wm. E. Verplanck's historic home. The club was entertained by the 
Kingston Garden Club, for whom it stood sponsor last June; also, as a 
club, have attended the Tuxedo Flower Show for the past two years. 

Program for next year, 1916: 

Monthly meetings from May to November, with a business meet- 
ing. Extra meetings whenever called, at the convenience of the mem- 
bers. In July it is proposed to give a Flower Show at a fair held by 
the Village Improvement Society of Cornwall. Further plans are not 
concluded, as the Executive Committee will not meet until January. 

Sarah C. Rutherfurd, 

Secretary. 

Warwick, N. Y., November 22, 1915. 

Zhc (Sarben association in Ulewport 

In the autumn of 1914 the President of the Association offered to 
it the use of a considerable piece of land on the corner of Gibbs Avenue 
and Old Beach Road. 

This property, enclosed by a neat fence, is admirably situated for 
the purpose for which it was intended. It was necessary, however, to 
put it in proper condition for garden use. It was thoroughly ploughed 
late in the autumn and as early as possible work was begun in as eco- 
nomical a manner as was consistent with good and permanent results. 
This land, now a garden, is always open. While absolutely exposed 
to passers-by, there has been practically no damage done. It seems to 
have become a sort of retreat where a few people, of all kinds, go for 
rest and quiet. It is to be hoped that its restfulness will appeal increas- 
ingly to Newport residents. The fact that the association is in and for 
Newport alone makes it easy to have comparative tests from year to 
year. The reports of President and Secretary show quite plainly their 
gratification as to the experiment so far. The garden is not what it will 
be eventually. It will be laid out; in fact, the plans are already made, 
with much more space for exhibitions and small beds for trial purposes. 

On June 23d and 24th the garden was formally opened by a Rose 
Show. The grounds are in terraces, the upper one being planted in 
roses by the association itself. Each plant was doing its best in its new 
dwelling, hybrid teas, some standards, some of the new climbers on 
pillars, and some delicious varieties of polyantha. 

On the lower level were tents covering the cut rose exhibit, care- 
fully staged by experts of the Horticultural Society. This oldest of 
Newport's flower societies contributed much time and experience, as 
well as liberal awards, for the many classes of roses, and did an im- 
portant work in judging. 

A tent was given to a special exhibit of new begonias and ferns by 
a member of the association. Children showed wild flower collections, 



and prizes were given by the association as well as the Horticultural 
Society. The spectacle was really beautiful and the attendance large. 
No entrance fee was charged. The weather was fine and the Newport 
Garden Association felt proud of itself and its new home. 

Contrary to the usual custom of separate inspection, the Home 
Gardens Association gave its first annual exhibit on August 1 3th at 
the garden. Prizes in other years were given after the judges had gone 
from place to place inspecting the various exhibits, but for the first time 
the home gardeners were required to make a display of the fruit and 
vegetables that they might be seen better for competitive purposes. 

The flowers and vegetables were the center of much attention by 
an unusually large crowd almost from the moment of opening until the 
closing time three hours later. 

Skill, tastefulness and beauty of arrangement were considered in 
awarding the prizes, as well as the variety and quality of the contribu- 
tions. 

On September 3d the annual exhibition of the school gardens was 
held in the garden, many being present to examine the work of the chil- 
dren who had raised flowers and excellent vegetables under the direction 
of their teachers. 

A Dahlia Show was also given in the garden on September 23d 
and 24th. 

OTHER SHOWS GIVEN BY, OR UNDER THE AUSPICES OF 
THE GARDEN ASSOCIATION IN NEWPORT 

THE MID-WINTER SHOW 

Before any out-of-door exhibit was possible the association gave 
what is known as the Mid- Winter Show on March 9th and 1 Oth. It 
was held at the Civic League House and the plants had been tended by 
their owners during the winter in windows or glass-enclosed piazzas. It 
was a great success, there having been 147 entries. School children, 
home-keeping folk, and amateurs had done so well that a really beau- 
tiful show was made and the results could only have been obtained by 
love and patience on the part of the owners. 

THE SWEET PEA SHOW 

On July 1 5th and 1 6th was held the Sweet Pea Show. As it 
was an extremely important one and as many exhibits were foreseen, it 
was held in the Newport Casino. Professional growers and amateurs 
took part. It was under the auspices of the Sweet Pea Society, the 
Newport Garden Association and the Horticultural Society. 

There was keen competition, and Newport has never seen the 
charming flower used so lavishly. Newport had had better specimens 
a week earlier, the season having been good in this locality, but the 
local growers were courteously pleased to see the greatest honors go to 



more northern and western exhibitors. There were sweet peas with 
wonderful stems and five or six blossoms on each, sweet peas growing in 
tubs, showing the latest idea in planting, sweet peas trained on bamboo 
stakes, branching profusely and with perfect foliage to the ground. In- 
deed, every new theory of growth, arrangement and honest exhibition 
was in evidence. An excellent showing was made by the Naval Train- 
ing Station, and fortunately took prizes. 

THE GLADIOLUS SHOW 

On the 1 8th and 1 9th of August the American Gladiolus Society 
held its Annual Exhibition under the auspices of the Garden Association 
in Newport. 

As the meeting was a national one, the Newport Casino was again 
used and more than crowded. 

No better account of the Gladiolus Society than that courteously 
supplied by its Secretary, Mr. Henry Youell can be given. He says: 
"It gives me great pleasure to state that the show held at the Casino in 
Newport, R. I., was the largest and best ever held in the world. It is 
estimated that over 50,000 spikes of bloom were staged, and thou- 
sands could not be for lack of vases. The quality and variety of color 
surpassed anything ever before seen." 

Mr. Fairbanks, President of the Gladiolus Society, made a won- 
derful exhibit. 

Zbc (Sarfcen Club of pbilafcelpbia 

The Garden Club of Philadelphia held one of its most interesting 
meetings of the year at Wyndham, the country place of Mr. Theodore 
Ely near Bryn Mawr. It is a most charming old house, with very fine 
trees about it and a delightful garden. Miss Ely had for some 
time wanted another garden in a certain spot and at her meeting of the 
Garden Club held a competition for the best plan to include planting 
and general scheme for this imaginary garden. On arrival each member 
was supplied with a sheet of paper with the house and several large trees 
drawn in which must be considered in any scheme of development. 
Two landscape architects were asked to judge and the results were 
most varied and interesting. We all had a chance, for once, to be 
regardless of expense and to use box, row after row of box, or the pool 
of our dreams. The plans were made and turned in at the meeting. 

I should suggest that if any of the Garden Clubs should think 
well of the idea, that it would be more satisfactory and far more in- 
structive to allow each member at least a week for prayerful considera- 
tion on so fascinating and difficult a problem. 

Mrs. B. Franklin Pepper, 

Garden Club of Philadelphia. 



(Barfcen Club of Princeton 

THE FLOWER MARKET 

One of the most charming and useful developments of the fash- 
ionable Garden Club is the democratic flower market. It has the main 
element of a popular fete — the spectacular — and appeals to a common 
love of growing things. There is a hope and promise that it will prove 
one of the most practical ways of encouraging communal interest and 
pride in gardening. 

The Flower Market held last year in the month of May was a 
success artistically and financially. The objects for having a flower 
fete were, primarily to have a flower fete, and then to devote the pro- 
ceeds toward the salary and equipment of a teacher who would train 
the children of the public schools in gardening. The Public School 
Committee of the State promised to double any amount raised at the 
fete. 

The first important step in planning a Flower Market is the selection 
of a suitable site. Princeton was fortunate. In the heart of the town, 
opposite the new small park where the battle monument by MacMon- 
nies and Thomas Hastings is to be erected, stand the house and grounds 
belonging to Mrs. T. Harrison Garrett. This place, one of the historic 
spots of Princeton, Mrs. Garrett very generously permitted to be used. 

Although the planning and management of the flower market were 
under the direction of the Garden Club members, the interest was gen- 
eral, and almost every element in the town co-operated eagerly and 
helped generously. All of the work and a large part of the refresh- 
ments and materials were donated. 

It was a gay May-day festival. Booths lined the sides of the 
roadways, each piled with brilliant wares, and decorated with bunting 
and pennants. Over each booth was spread a large tradesman's 
umbrella which had been covered with bright colored material. There 
was a booth for potted plants of all sizes, from tiny seedlings to large 
specimens, and a booth for cut flowers, all of which had been donated. 

Among the interesting booths was one for books on gardening, 
and another for every variety of attractive bird housess. The basket 
booth drew many buyers, and the one for vases and flower holders dis- 
played a large variety of pretty and useful receptacles. There was an 
effective display and an even more effective sale of garden furniture. A 
number of these articles were donated, but the majority were sold on 
commission. 

On the practical side was a booth for garden tools and hardware, 
and what we might call the fashion booth was fascinating with the most 
charming of garden smocks, aprons and hats. Then, too, there was a 
booth for bulbs and seeds, as well as a public school table with window 
boxes, tabourettes and bird houses made by the children of the manual 
training class. 



Among the attractive accessories were gold fish, striking posters 
and plant stakes, topped by gaily plumaged birds which were delight- 
fully carved and painted by an amateur artist. 

The Flower Market was open from 1 o'clock in the moming to 
7 o'clock in the evening. No admission was charged, as the desire of 
the committee was to interest each and every person of the town. All 
came — mothers with young babies in arms, many of the working and 
trades people after 5 o'clock, an entire Italian family, including three 
generations, who arrived at the opening and stayed to the close. 

The refreshments were a drawing feature, and both the candy 
booth and soda water counter were prosperous and popular. 

A band played throughout the afternoon, and toward the end of 
the day there was dancing on the lawn. This made a charming scene. 
The children joined in May-pole and folk dancing, the young people 
played clock golf on the green, peddlers sold colored balloons and a 
donkey that carried children on rides around the grounds was the 
favorite figure of the day. Boy Scouts acted as messengers, and sev- 
eral porters and working men donated their services. 

The financial result was gratifying, not only for the round figures 
of the total sum, but on account of the way the money came in. For 
it represented a large number of purchases made by many people, rather 
than large amounts expended by a few. The Garden Club was able 
with the proceeds not only to pay half the yearly salary of a teacher for 
the public school children and to buy the necessary equipment, but also 
to put aside a fair sum in a special fund. It is hoped that after a satis- 
factory trial the State will be willing to take over the support of the 
teacher, and that the Garden Club can then engage a town gardener 
for the development of neighborhood gardens. Meanwhile the club is 
making arrangements for the flower fete it hopes to hold next May and 
every succeding May. 

Harriette F. Armour, 
Jessie P. Frothingham. 

1R\>e Garfcen Club 

The Rye Garden Club has just finished its second year, and the 
increasing interest of the members, both in the club and in gardening, is 
most encouraging. 

We have had ten meetings — seven with lectures, two experience 
meetings and one field day. Our annual flower show was held June 
23d, and there was a great advance over last year in the quality of the 
exhibits. We have also had informal exhibits at the monthly meetings 
which have proved very successful, and the competition among the 
members has been as keen as at the Annual Show. 

So far we have been too busy learning the A B C's of a Garden 
Club to do any outside work, but we hope to take some up in the 
near future. 



(Sarben Club of Southampton, X, H. 

June 21, 1915.— Lecture, "Native Birds." Prof. Aldys, Silver Spring, Md. 

July 12, 1915. — "Sweet Peas." Miss L. Alderson, Lafayette Place, Green- 
wich, Conn. 

July 26, 1915. — Club Papers on Color. Five members of the Club wrote 
papers on the use of certain colors — Blue, White, Laven- 
der, Pink and Yellow. This was the most popular meet- 
ing of the summer. The papers were very well written 
and useful. 

Aug. 9, 1915. — A lecture on "Vegetables," by Mr. H. B. Fullerton, of the 
Long Island Experimental Station, at Medford, L. I. 
Very successful. 

Aug. 23, 1915.— -"Cross Fertilization." Mr. White, of the Brooklyn 
Botanical Gardens. 

Sept. 13, 1915. — "Fruits on Long Island." Mr. J. W. Hand, East Hamp- 
ton, L. I. 

Sept. 27. 1915. — A lecture by Mr. Maurice Fuld, on "Autumn Work in the 
Garden." 

Sbort THtlle (Barren Club 

As we do not make a complete program of our activities for the 
coming year, I enclose a list of our meetings last year. The hostess on 
each occasion is expected to provide either an original paper or a subject 
which she or some one else suggests, or extracts from a book, paper or 
Government pamphlet which may be of general or special interest. 

Our Annual Dahlia Show has served to aid in bringing the possi- 
bilities of this most gorgeous of autumn flowers, before the public. 

SHORT HILLS GARDEN CLUB, 1915 

Jan. 13, 1915. — Annual Meeting. Election of Officers, Amendments of 
Constitution, Plans for Scope of the Club. 

Feb. 10, 1915. — Club orders for Seeds. Paper, "Time for Sowing Seeds." 

Mar. 3, 1915. — Original paper, "Spraying Fruit Trees." 

Mar. 10, 1915. — Dr. Huey's paper on "Roses." 

Mar. 17, 1915. — Original paper, "Selection and Planting of Cherry Trees." 

Mar. 24, 1915. — Original paper, "Useful Birds in the Garden." 

Mar. 31, 1915. — Paper, "Liming of Soils." (Department of Agriculture.) 

April 7, 1915. — Original paper, "Saving and Waste." 

April 14, 1915. — Lecture, Fuld, "How to Grow Exhibition Blooms." 

April 21, 1915. — Paper, "Humus." Harvester Company. 

April 28, 1915. — Original paper, "Dasheen." Daffodil Show. 

May 5, 1915. — Original paper, "Origin and Development of the Gladi- 
olus." 

May 19, 1915. — Discussion, Dr. Ridgeway's Chart. 

May 26, 1915. — Lecture, B. H. Farr, "Iris," with 100 specimens of blooms. 

June 2, 1915. — Original paper, "Concrete in the Garden." 

June 9, 1915. — Flower Show. 

June 16, 1915. — Plans for Daffodil Show, and Club Order made up for 
Bulbs. 

June 23, 1915. — Original paper, "Roses." 

June 30, 1915. — Original paper, "Hot Weather Work." 

July 7, 1915. — Original paper, "The Cultivation of the Dahlia." 



July 21, 1915.— Water Gardens. 

Aug. 4, 1915. — Paper, "Vines." 

Aug. 18, 1915.— Paper, "Trees." 

Sept. 1, 1915. — Vegetable Show. 

Sept. 8, 1915. — Original paper, "September Transplanting." 

Sept. 15, 1915. — Spanish and Italian Gardens. 

Sept. 22, 1915.— Plans for Dahlia Show. 

Sept. 29, 1915.— Dahlia Show. 

Oct. 6, 1915.— Paper, "Tent Caterpillar." 

Oct. 13, 1915. — Lecture, "Trees." J. J. Levison. 

Oct 20, 1915.— Relations with the Gardener. 

Oct. 27, 1915.— Roses. 

Nov. 10, 1915. — Lecture, "Conservation of Birds." T. G. Pearson. 

Dec. 8, 1915. — Plans for Conservation of Birds. Original paper, "Some 
Essentials for Artistic Flower Arrangement." 



ftrenton (Barfcen Club 

The call for an experience meeting in the pages of The BULLE- 
TIN reminds us of our club meeting held after every one has returned 
in the fall and each member has five minutes to relate her summer suc- 
cesses and failures. It is always both instructive and amusing. At the 
recent meeting one member told of her experiment with a vegetable 
from foreign shores which she was planning to be the surprise at a 
dinner for the club members, but as the crop consisted in three small 
shriveled objects and the club numbered twenty- four, the dinner was 
postponed. Another amateur had planted a new border near a large 
stream, with the result that the front row thrived so wonderfully in the 
moist atmosphere that she was obliged shortly to trespass on her neigh- 
bor's premises with some steps in order to peer over the wall and see 
what the other rows were doing. 

An honorary member and a vice-president invited all the New 
Jersey clubs to discuss orchids and luncheon, and the former were so 
enticing the latter was almost forgotten. Mrs. Archibald Russell, Vice- 
President of the Garden Club of America was presented to a beautiful 
new hybrid which had been christened in her honor that morning. 

Stereopticon lectures on flowers and talks on birds by specialists 
have varied the regular program of papers written by the members. 

A committee from the club took up the matter of vacant lot gar- 
dening and was very successful, though starting a new philanthropy this 
year in Trenton was difficult work. They felt fully repaid, however, 
by the results and the work will be continued, it is expected, next year 
by a large committee of citizens. 

Annie MacIlvaine. 



PROGRAM 1914-15 

Nov. 16, 1914. — Hostess, Mrs. Hook. Miss Macllvaine will talk on "The 
Royal Gardens of Ceylon." 

Dec. 14, 1914. — Hostess, Miss Van Syckle. "Bulbs for the House and 
Garden," Miss Blackwell. "Orchids," Mrs. Hook. 

Jan. 18, 1915. — Hostess, Miss Atterbury. "Climate of New Jersey," Miss 
Margaret Perrine. "Necessities and Luxuries in Garden 
Books," Mrs. Paul L. Cort. 

Feb. 15, 1915. — Hostess, Miss Breese. "Color Schemes in the Garden," 
Mrs. Carroll S. Tyson, Jr. "Bees, Butterflies and 
Moths," Mrs. K. G. Roebling. 

Mar. 15, 1915. — Hostess, Mrs. K. G. Roebling. "Landscape Architecture, 
or the Relation of Flowers and Shrubs to Their Sur- 
roundings," Mrs. Huston Dixon. "Landscape Art in 
Relation to the Flower Garden," Mrs. E. Yarde Breese. 

April 19, 1915. — Hostess, Mrs. Whitehead. "Climbing Roses," Mrs. John 
Montgomery. "Hybrid Tea Rose," Mrs. William T. 
White. 

(Saroen Club of twenty, Baltimore, Alio, 

We are a small organization and we have a rule which requires 
each member to do some work in her own garden. We meet once a 
week during the flowering season and every two weeks in the fall of the 
year. At each meeting we exhibit a different variety of flower. We 
vote by ballot on: 

1 . The best collection. 

2. The best specimen. 

3. The most artistic arrangement. 

The one getting the most votes receives a blue ribbon. 

Early in June we appoint a committee of six members to visit all 
the gardens in two consecutive days. They view each garden critically 
and then vote: 

1 . For the prettiest garden. 

2. The best kept garden. 

3. The garden which shows the greatest improvement over the 
previous year. 

We give as a prize a $5.00 gold piece, which must be expended 
on the garden. 

We expect to have four lecture meetings this winter. Our club, 
together with the Amateur Gardeners, have asked the co-operation of 
all the other Garden Clubs, so as to provide sufficient funds to procure 
the services of the best lecturers. Our program will be as follows for 
the next four months: 

December 7th, Dr. Robert Henry. Subject: "Roses." 



January 4th, Miss Rose Standish Nichols. Subject: "Garden 
Design." 

February 1st, Mrs. Louis Evans Shipman. Subject: "Color 
Planning of the Garden." 

March 1st, Mr. Wilson Arnold. Subject: "Trees and Shrubs." 

We will also have an exhibit of house-grown bulbs early in March, 
but during mid-winter we discontinue our regular meetings. 

Ulster (Barren Club 

The first year of the Ulster Garden Club has proved such a 
profitable and enjoyable one that it is difficult to write of any one thing 
of paramount interest. Probably our two biggest undertakings were 
first a ball, which was given for the Belgian Relief Fund early in the 
year, and later the promoting of gardens for the school children. The 
ball we called the "Jardin de Danse," and it was quite truly a garden 
of flowers. A stage at one end of the hall presented a lovely sight as 
an old-fashioned garden with flowers and shrubs and white garden 
benches. 

The work for the school children's gardens was begun also early 
in the summer by the distribution of seeds in the schools, which were 
sold at a penny a packet. The name of each child who bought seeds 
was entered in a card catalogue. Much to our surprise 724 children 
started the work. 

Kingston is the happy possessor of wonderful greenhouses, and 
the man who owns them kindly consented to go to each school in the 
city to talk to the children about proper methods of planting, etc. 

The Garden Club was divided into committees of three. The 
committees made three visits during the summer and each time, of course, 
eliminations were necessary, so that in the end there were but 1 20 com- 
petitors left. There were four cash prizes offered to each school, and 
three additional prizes for the finest vegetable garden, the best flower 
garden and the most artistically arranged garden. The committees were 
accompanied on their last inspection by the manager of the Ulster County 
Farm Bureau, who helped greatly in final decisions. 

Quite a number of our members are residents of Saugerties, a town 
not far from Kingston. The Saugerties members carried on the same 
school work in their own town, and met with even greater response 
from the children in proportion to the size of the town, as Saugerties is 
not as large as Kingston. 

The Ulster Garden Club has felt this to be a full and successful 
year. 

Isabel S. Warren. 



PROGRAM. 1915 

Feb., 1915. — Mrs. Pinneo, on "Children's Markets." (Open meeting.) 

Kingston, N. Y. 

Mar., 1915. — Meeting of Garden Club. Mrs. George Washburn. 

Mar., 1915. — Mrs. Blackburn, on "School Gardens." Mrs. George Hut- 
ton. 

April 6, 1915. — Annual Meeting. Mrs. J. D. Schoonmaker. 

April 20, 1915. — Mr. Fuld, on "Perennials." Mrs. G. D. B. Hasbrouck. 

May 4, 1915. — Topic, "Annuals." Mrs. John Washburn. 

May 18, 1915.— Mr. Fuld, on "Garden Pests." Mrs. A. T. Clearwater. 

June 1, 1915. — Topic, "Roses, Peonies and Iris Judged." (Single speci- 
mens only to be shown.) Mrs. Edwin Young. 

June 15, 1915. — Orange and Dutchess Counties Garden Club entertained 
Mrs. Ed. Coykendall. 

June 29, 1915. — Paper on "Old Kingston Gardens." Mrs. Charles Spalding. 

July 13, 1915. — Topic, "Wild Plants and Shrubs." Combination of flowers 
arranged by exhibitors in own vases or baskets at Mrs. 
George Hutton's and Mrs. George Washburn's. 

July 27, 1915. — Saugerties Field Day. Phlox and Delphiniums judged. 
Mrs. Clark Reed and Miss Mary Washburn. 

Aug. 10, 1915.— Kingston Field Day. Asters and Zinnias. Single speci- 
mens judged. Miss Eleanor VanDeusen. 

Aug. 24, 1915. — Mr. Burgevin, on "Practical Gardening." Mrs. Everett 
Fowler. 

Sept. 7, 1915. — Meeting and Flower Arrangement Contest. Mrs. George 
Hilton. 

Sept. 21, 1915. — Mrs. William E. Verplanck, on "Preparation of Soil for 
Fall Gardens." Mrs. Roosa and Mrs. Higginson. 

Oct. 5, 1915. — "Fall Work in Garden." Mrs. William Warren. 

Oct. 19, 1915. Topic, "Color and Correct Color Nomenclature," Mrs. S. 
A. Brown. Mrs. Howard Gillespy. 

Nov. 2, 1915. — "Wild Flowers and Ferns." Mrs. De La Vergne. 

Nov. 16, 1915. — Topic, "Mr. Oram — Series of Questions and Answers." 
Mrs. Frank Phelps. 

Nov. 30, 1915. — "Tree and Shrub Pruning." Mrs. James O. Winston. 
Ribbons awarded the winners in exhibition contests. 

£be Weeoers of pbilaodpbia 

Miniature Flower Shows were planned to be held each month. 
A committee was appointed, programs were printed giving classes for 
each month with the flowers of its season. Then tags for exhibitors and 
ribbons for prizes were secured. The rules were simple, but all were 
implored to follow them. A class was also provided for the most de- 
termined kindergarten weeder. This class was called "Who's Who," 
and in it could be entered any flower or plant its owner wished identi- 
fied. This was sometimes a baffling class for the judges. 

Three judges were chosen from the members for each show. 
Often the greatest diplomacy and tact were displayed; I. e., when a 



judge, confronted by her own exhibit, closed her eyes and ears while 
the decision was made — or perhaps ruthlessly disqualified her own 
entry for failing to have the required number of stalks in the vase. 
They were always very strict and severe. 

After the judges had finished it was the custom for the chairman 
of the Flower Show Committee to make a brief (or lengthy) speech 
announcing the prize winners, while the committee held up the exhibits 
so that their fine points might be seen by admiring Weeders, who were 
by this time drinking tea. 

Names and varieties of the winners were jotted down by ardent 
gardeners, while others not so ardent looked on amused. But even 
amusement is a cheering sign, and perhaps these scoffers will feel the 
lure of the Mystic Gate another season. 

Frances Edge McIlvaine. 

LIST OF SUBJECTS AND MEETINGS OF THE WEEDERS FOR 1915 

Mar. 24, 1915. — Mrs. Rhoads, hostess. Subject, "Business." 
April 2, 1915. — Mrs. Cabeen, hostess. Subject, paper on "Spring." 
April 21, 1915. — Miss Pugh, hostess. Subject, "Flower Show and Ex- 
change." 
May 5, 1915. — Miss Dbcon, hostess. Subject, "Shrubs," by Mr. Thilow. 
May 19, 1915. — Mrs. Williams, hostess. Report of the American Garden 

Club at Baltimore. 
June 2, 1915. — Miss Lloyd, hostess. Subject, "Roses," by Mr. Russell, 

of Strafford Flower Farm. 
June 9, 1915. — Mrs. Morgan, hostess. Luncheon. Rose Shows. 
June 16, 1915. — Mrs. Croasdale, hostess. Subject, paper on "Gardens," by 

hostess. 
July 2, 1915. — Miss Evans, hostess. Subject, "Bees," by Miss Wright 
July 21, 1915.— Miss Philler, hostess. Subject, "Flower Show and Paper 

on the California Exhibition," by hostess. 
Sept. 8, 1915. — Miss Read, hostess. Business and Picnic Meeting. 
Sept. 29, 1915. — Mrs. Logan, hostess. Subject, paper by Mrs. Edwin 

Savers. 
Oct. 6, 1915.— Mrs." Breck, hostess. 
Oct. 20, 1915. — Mrs. Burnham, hostess. Subject, "Flower Show" and 

Paper, by hostess. 



Bulletin Committee 



Albemarle Garden Club. 
Mrs. Samuel H. Marshall, Simeon 
P. O., Charlottesville, Va. 
Amateur Gardeners' Club, 
Baltimore, Md. 
Mrs. Albert C. Ritchie, Ingleside, 
Catonsville, Md. 
Garden Club of Ann Arbor, 
Michigan. 
(Not yet appointed.) 

The Bedford Garden Club. 
Mrs. Edwin G. Merrill, Bedford 

Hills, N. Y. 
The Garden Club of Cincinnati, 

Ohio. 
Mrs. Walter Field, 2158 Grandin 

Road, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
The Garden Club of Cleveland, 

Ohio. 
Mrs. L. Dean Holden, Lake Shore 

Boulevard, Cleveland, Ohio. 
The East Hampton Garden Club. 
Mrs. William E. Wheelock, East 
Hampton, Long Island, N. Y. ; 19 
West Fiftieth Street, New York. 
The Gardeners of Montgomery 
and Delaware Counties, 
Pennsylvania. 
Miss Elizabeth W. Williams, Hav- 

erford, Pa. 
The Green Spring Valley Gar- 
den Club, Maryland. 
(Not yet appointed.) 
The Garden Club of Harford 
County, Maryland. 
Mrs. Bertram N. Stump, Emmor- 
ton, Md. 

The Garden Club of Illinois. 
Mrs. Walter S. Brewster, 1220 
Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, 111.; 
Lake Forest, 111. 
The Garden Club of Lawrence, 

Long Island, New York. 
Mrs. George B. Sanford, Lawrence, 
L. I. 

The Garden Club of Lenox, 
Massachusetts. 
Miss G. W. Sargent, 28 East 
Thirty-fifth Street, New York; 
Lenox, Mass. 

The Litchfield Garden Club, 
Litchfield, Connecticut. 
Mrs. S. E. Gage, 309 Sanford Ave- 
nue, Flushing, L. 1. ; Litchfield, 
Conn. 
The Garden Club of Michigan. 
Mrs. E. H. Parker, 202 The Pasa- 
dena, Detroit, Mich. 
The Millbrook Garden Club, 



New York. 
Mrs. Middleton O'Malley Knott, 
Millbrook, N. Y. ; 119 Crescent 
Place, Plainfield, N. J. 
The Garden Club of Orange and 

Dutchess Counties, New York. 
Mrs. James Fuller, Warwick, Or- 
ange County, New York. 
The Garden Association in New- 
port, Rhode Island. 
Mrs. Arnold Hague, Berry Hill, 
Hammersmith Road, Newport, 
R. I. 
The North Country Garden Club 

of Long Island, New York. 
Miss Alice Delano Weeks, Cove 
Hill, Oyster Bay, Long Island; 
10 Washington Square, New 
York. 
The Garden Club of Philadel- 
phia. 
Mrs. B. Franklin Pepper, Chestnut 

Hill, Philadelphia. 
The Garden Club of Princeton, 

New Jersey. 
Mrs. Jesse Lynch Williams, Prince- 
ton, N. J. 
The Rye Garden Club, New York. 
Mrs. Harrol Mulliken, Rye, N. Y. 
The Garden Club of Somerset 

Hills, New Jersey. 
Mrs. Schuyler Skaats Wheeler, 

Bernardsville, N. J. 
The Garden Club of Southamp- 
ton, Long Island. 
(Not yet appointed.) 
The Short Hills Garden Club, 

New Jersey. 
Mrs. E. B. Renwick, Short Hills, 

N. J. 
The Garden Club of Trenton, 
New Jersey. 
Mrs. Karl Roebling, Spring Lake, 
N. J. 

The Garden Club of Twenty, 

Maryland. 

Mrs. Champ Robinson, Lutherville, 

Md. 
The Ulster Garden Club, Ulster 

County, New York. 
Mrs. William A. Warren, Wyncoop 
Farms, Old Hurlev, Ulster 
County, N. Y 

The Warrenton Garden Club, 

Virginia. 

Mrs. Fairfax Harrison, Belvoir, 

Fauquier County, Va. 

The Weeders, Pennsylvania. 

Mrs. J. Howard Rhoads, Bala, Pa. 



Novelties in Flowers and Vegetables 

Study the new Carter Catalogue for 1916. This new 
Catalogue contains many wonderful photographs and colored 
illustrations of all Flowers and Vegetables— and gives the 
most complete cultural directions. 

If interested in our offer, send us your request for a copy 
of this new issue. 

CARTER'S TESTED SEEDS, INC. 

1 02- 1 06 Chamber of Commerce BIdg., BOSTON.MASS. 



Dahlias and Gladioli 

and all bulbs and roots (or spring 
planting. Write for a copy of 

E. H. KRELAGE & SON'S 

catalog to J. A. de VEER 

100 William Street NEW YORK 



Fern-leaved Japanese Maples 

Superb specimens 5 feet high, either green or red. The last 
word in beauty. All the branches have that low, sweeping 
tendency. The ferny foliage is exquisite. Ask for select 
specimens at $5.00 each. 1 12 page Catalogue free. 

THOMAS MEEHAN & SONS 
GERMANTOWN PHILA. 


BOBBIN K & ATKINS 

" WORLDS CHOICEST NURSERIES AND 

GREENHOUSE PRODUCTS" 

GROWN IN AMERICA 

VISIT NURSERIES ASK FOR CATALOG 

Nurserymen, Florists and Planters 

RUTHERFORD NEW JERSEY 


NEW ART ASTERS 

IN TRUE PASTELLE SHADES 

(Novelty 1916) 
A superb cutting aster with exquisitely formed large flowers, 
of which all shades are subdued with a sheen of copper, pro- 
ducing a true pastefle shade. Per packet 25c. 
The Home of Heather 

KNIGHT & STRUCK COMPANY 

1 Madison Avenue NEW YORK 


Rookwood Soft Porcelain 

A quite new production of vases and bowls de- 
signed in form and color for the arrangement of 
flowers. Can be seen at our agent's in each large 
city. 

The Rookwood Pottery Company 

CINCINNATI 


ROSES! 

Send for my handbook of roses which describes ali 
the leading varieties that are suitable for the garden 
in Teas, Hybrid Teas, Polyanthas, the Pernetiana 
varieties and Walsh's world-famed Ramblers. 
M. H. WALSH 
ROSE SPECIALIST 
WOODS HOLE MASS. 


BIG TREE MOVING 

We have a patented apparatus for transplanting trees up to 
two feet in diameter. We charge $10.00 per day for the 
machine and $6.00 per day for a competent man to operate 
it. We have prepared a booklet which shows photographs 
of large trees that have been moved on country estates, and 
will gladly mail you a copy. We also have a large stock of 
trees, shrubs and evergreens, particularly large specimens. 

LEWIS & VALENTINE CO., Roslyn, N. Y. 
Landscape Contractors 


CEND for the most sumptuous seed catalog printed, with Kst- 
*^ ings of the finest varieties of tested seeds. Their pedigrees 
are flawless. Catalog sent post paid for 35c, which is refunded 
on orders for $5 or over. 


WE ARE 

One of the largest growers of Fine Shrubs, Ever- 
greens, Vines, Roses and Herbaceous Plants in this 
country. In large Evergreens, we claim to have the 
largest stock in any nursery. Send for catalogue. 


WINTER, SON & CO., 64-A Wall St., New York 
Sole agents for the United States, East of Rocky Mountains 


THE ELIZABETH NURSERY CO. 
ELIZABETH. N. J. 


VEGETABLE AND FLOWER SEEDS. 
CRASS SEEDS FOR THE LAWN, GOLF LINKS, 

TENNIS COURTS, ETC. 

TREE and SHRUB SEEDS : BULBS of Every Sort 

Our General Catalogue for 1915 Mailed on Application 

J. M. THORBURN & CO. 

53 BARCLAY ST., through to 54 Park Place 
NEW YORK 


Water-Lillies in Your Own Garden 

Easy to grow in tubs or pools. Require no care 
after planting except to keep the tub filled with water. 
Mu 1916 Catalogue gives complete instructions, 
describes the choice varieties, and pictures several 
in their beautiful natural colors. Write today for 
a copy. 

WILLIAM TRICKER, P. O. Box Z. Arlington. N. J. 
Water-Lily Specialist 



All advertisements endorsed by members of the GARDEN CLUB OF AMERICA 
In writing to Advertisers hjndly refer to the Bulletin 



Bulletin of 

TLhc <3ar6en Club 

of Hmerica 

March, 1916 No. XIII 

President Vice-Presidents 

MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 
-p Princeton, New Jersey 

MRS. H D AUCHINCLOSS MRS ALFRED ELY 

33 E. 67th Street. New York New Mi]for<Ji New York 

MRS. BAYARD HENRY MRS. FRANCIS KING 

Germantown, Philadelphia Alma, Michigan 

Librarian 
MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia Lake Forest, Illinois 

Editor 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

Lake Forest, Illinois, and 1220 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago 

The objects of this association shall be : to stimulate the knowledge and love of 
gardening among amateurs ; to share the advantages of association, through conference and 
correspondence in this country and abroad; to aid in the protection of native plants and 
birds; and to encourage civic planting. 



Loveliest of trees, the cherry now 
Is hung with blooms along the bow, 
And stands about the woodland ride 
Wearing white for Eastertide. 

Now, of my three score years and ten, 
Twenty will not come again, 
And take from seventy years a score 
It only leaves me fifty more. 

And since to look at things in bloom 
Fifty springs are little room, 
About the woodlands I will go 
To see the cherry hung with snow. 

A. E. Housman, in "A Shropshire Lad." 

Once I followed Spring from March to May. At Sorrento and 
Amain the terraced hills were pink with almonds, and orange trees 
bloomed and bore fruit as is their lavish way. The walls flaunted tufts 
of wall-flowers and daffodils, and hyacinths jeweled the black earth. 
About Florence the peach trees were in bloom, and Roman fields were 



carpeted with purple violets. On the Spanish steps many-budded carna- 
tions were only less lovely than pink and mauve and yellow freesias. The 
foothills of the Alps wore arabesques of flowering trees against cushiony 
green. All France smelled of lilacs and England glowed with tulips 
and gay spring flowers. America, from the train window, was a great 
pink orchard, and my own little spring things were blooming to greet me. 

But in Italy it rained, and in France it hailed, and in England it 
did both. Spring was a delight to the eye, but the body shivered. 
America looked well, but felt chilly. 

Since then I have not expected too much of spring. I have looked 
and loved, but I have worn warm clothes and carried an umbrella. I 
have realized that everywhere spring is beautiful but ill-tempered. 
Earlier or later, the tantrums must be endured and forgiven. 

a Malfc Mitb professor Sargent in tbe 
ErnoR) arboretum 

To walk alone in the Arnold Arboretum on a fine June day is to 
experience at every turn a pleasant and a pleasanter sensation. To 
walk in it with Professor Sargent, the great authority on trees and 
shrubs, creator and Curator of the Arboretum, whose published works, 
high knowledge and enthusiasm have long been known throughout the 
world of horticultural science, is much more than this mere vague and 
superficial experience. It is to have one's eyes opened to the individual 
history, interest and beauty of the specimen tree or shrub, its possible 
uses, its value to American landscape gardening; and, more than all, to 
what the amateur gardener all over this land is missing by not making 
constant pilgrimage to the Arboretum. I am frank to say that if I lived 
within a radius of fifty or a hundred miles of Boston, I should en- 
deavor to visit the Arboretum once a week, especially during May and 
June, when a wealth of flowering bough and spray is on every side, 
when one may stroll through paths so lovely with bloom, so fragrant 
with sweet odors that it is a very paradise to the lover and observer of 
trees and shrubs. Here are found the most enchanting studies in 
landscape gardening, tree masses, sky lines, foreground plantings, all 
managed with superb art. And this is the more of an achievement when 
it is recalled that the material used is chosen first for its scientific and 
educational value. 

One could not fancy a nobler sight in growing things than that 
lately seen of pink-blooming laurel backed by the wonderful dark foliage 
of evergreens up Hemlock Hill. And in what masterly fashion the 
Kalmia has been planted "up-along" among the dark conifers, giving the 
whole range of lovely shrubs the effect of having come, of its own will, 
out of the dark wood to the full sun of June. When such a thing as 
this has been accomplished, and is for all to see and to enjoy, one's cup, 
that golden cup of delight in beauty, is full. 



Mention of all the trees and shrubs of which I made notes while 
in the Arboretum would be an almost impossible task in such a short 
space as this; I shall, however, try to describe a very few, and in most 
cases shall set down such descriptions in Professor Sargent's own lan- 
guage taken from the Arboretum bulletins, adding here and there an 
impression of my own. The reasons for this mode of procedure are 
self-evident, they call for no apology. 

The general shrub collection of the Arboretum is placed in long 
narrow beds covering perhaps two or three acres, grass walks between 
the beds. At one end of this ground stands a tall trellis and among the 
creepers with which this is hung, Lonicera Heckrotti, a lovely member 
of the honeysuckle tribe, attracts much attention. Its flowers are, while 
not fragrant, very beautiful; the outer surface of the corolla is deep 
rose color and the inner surface pale yellow, closed buds and open 
flowers in the same cluster, making a beautiful contrast of color. Flow- 
ers appear from June to October, and Professor Sargent specially recom- 
mends this honeysuckle for every garden in which flowers are valued. 
This I grow myself and know it to be indispensable after but one sea- 
son's trial. 

I was much drawn to Zenobia, belonging to a genus of the heath 
family, a shrub from two to four feet in height. The pure white flowers 
are produced in compact clusters along leafless branches of the previous 
year and are exceedingly beautiful. Zenobia pulverulenta, with chalky 
white leaves and covered with a dense white bloom, is exceptionally 
lovely. 

Taxus cuspidata or the Japanese yew is superbly shown at the 
Arboretum; one form of the European yew, Taxus baccata, is perfectly 
hardy; this is a broad flat-topped rather compact shrub not more than 
two feet high with exceedingly dark green foliage. This variety is sold 
in American nurseries as "Taxus repandens." It is certainly a plant of 
great value for cold climates. 

At right angles to the trellis for climbing things stands a double 
trellis much longer and devoted exclusively to grapes. No better oppor- 
tunity could be imagined than that given by the long green-walled walk 
for seeing and comparing grapes, for noting habit of growth, form of 
leaf, blossom and fruit, and beauty of the summer and autumn coloring 
of this great family. The leaves of Vitis Coignetiae, a large and vigor- 
ous vine, turn to brilliant scarlet. Vitis Amurensis and Vitis pulchra 
are particularly fine. All the species of eastern North America, except 
two or three from the extreme South, are in this collection. 

A wonderful grey tree with delicate foliage caught my eye — 
Eleagnus angusti folia the most charming subject to use, where relief 
from unvarying greens might be required, or to suggest the olive in the 
pictured background of one of the less pretentious Italianate houses now 
building in this country. 

Three very fine spireas were noticed — trilobata, Veitchii — a tall 
graceful shrub with very fine foliage and albiflora. 



Beautiful bush forms of euonymous, both new to me, were Euony- 
mus elatus, said to be most lovely in autumn, and E. Bungei. 

Barberries in six varieties moved me to use my pencil, dictaphylla, 
repens, very hardy, Sieboldii, Newbertii and diaphana. This last was 
"discovered in China by French missionaries who sent it to France, 
whence it reached the Arboretum. It is a round, low shrub with soli- 
tary pale yellow flowers which are followed by large red fruits. This 
is a very valuable plant for small shrubberies. The autumn color of its 
leaves is not surpassed by that of any other barberry." 

Professor Sargent considers the common privet, Ligustrum vul- 
garis, the most beautiful of all privets. If it is allowed to retain its 
natural shape it flowers profusely in spring, covered with white clusters 
of bloom; and its black fruits in autumn are not only very handsome, 
but afford capital subjects for house decoration. 

At the Arboretum, the Japanese bittersweet is more common than 
our native Celastrus scandens. The fruit covered branches of these 
bittersweets are eminently suited for house decoration, and at Jamaica 
Plain the sight of the graceful boughs of handsome leaves flung over 
the low stone walls near the main entrance to the Arboretum is one to 
stay always and delightfully in one's memory. 

The best hawthorn for winter decoration is Craetegus cordata, the 
so-called "Washington thorn," a slender tree of the Southern States, 
which shows in autumn orange and scarlet leaves and small bright scar- 
let fruits. This and two other species of hawthorn, show their greatest 
beauty in November. It seems almost incredible to one who has not 
seen the Arboretum for himself, but it is true, that six hundred varieties 
of hawthorn blossom there in spring. This fact alone should tempt 
many to make the flowery pilgrimage. 

But at any season distractions of deepest interest are on every 
hand. Here is a marvelous witch hazel, Hamamelis mollis, blooming 
in winter in the latitude of Boston. Here among the bush honeysuckles 
is Lonicera Maackii, a tall, narrow plant from Eastern Siberia, whose 
flowers are white and larger than any others of the bush honeysuckles. 
The bright red fruit is very handsome and remains on the branches long 
after the leaves have fallen. Lonicera Iberica is the latest of all to 
flower. 

The sight of Azalea Calendulacea gave me a sensation. It caught 
the eye from a distance as a torch at night, and on hurrying to examine 
it at close range I was amazed at the beauty of the tall shrub clothed 
in leaves of a dark rich green, with here and there clusters of rich 
orange, salmon or flame-colored flowers. I never knew there could be 
such glory in shrubs. One of my most alluring ideals, in gardening, was 
set before me years ago in Miss Margaret Waterfield's fine book, 
"Garden Colour," a picture in which the Ghent azaleas in full bloom in 
sun beyond dark trees were enchantingly shown. These I have always 
thought were alone possible in the softer climates beyond seas; but now 



we have in commerce in this country the absolutely hardy Japanese 
azalea in colors ranging from rich golden yellow to orange-scarlet, rose 
and coppery-red; and we have also the taller later-blooming azalea of 
the Arboretum. Here in this one instance is a wondrous wealth of 
material to make interesting our plantings. 

The great family of the Philadelphus (syringa or mock orange) 
is nobly represented at the Arboretum, from those earliest flowering ones, 
Boule d' Argent and Manteau d'Ermine, to P. insignis, blooming finely 
when I saw it on June 25th. Many are the names and kinds of this, 
to me, the loveliest of all spring-flowering shrubs. Most of the finer 
hybrids with French names were given us through the patient and sci- 
entific work of the brilliant Victor Lemoine or have come from his son, 
M. Emile Lemoine. Among these are Avalanche, Mont Blanc, Con- 
quete, Rosace, Candelabre, Manteau d'Ermine, Pavilion Blanc, Oeil de 
Pourpre, Bouquet Blanc. Philadelphis insignis, as I have said, is 
very late, P. verrucosus was in bloom with insignis. P. Nepalensis is, 
too, a late variety. 

All who see the Arboretum under Professor Sargent's own aus- 
pices meet Mr. Jackson Dawson, the great rose-hybridizer, and of two 
or three of his rose introductions shown me by himself, I must make 
mention here. The polyanthus rose, Minnie Dawson, is most interesting 
in its marvelous luxuriance of bloom. Its small white double flowers 
mount into great trusses of tiny roses held well above the leaves; beau- 
tiful for cutting it must be and charming as a garden subject. Rosa 
rugosa alba repens has a distinguished white flower of a large sweet 
briar type. Its pure white petals are sufficiently narrow to give it a 
starry look and the well defined ring of brown-topped stamens gives 
much interest to the center of the flower. 

For the Sargent rose I have no fit or adequate words of praise. 
It is a perfect glory of a flower, and my first impression of a great bush 
or plant of it in full bloom is of delight that such a pink exists in single 
roses. There is a warmth in the tone which is missing from other roses 
of this type. It may have had a yellow ancestor, at all events the color 
is most unique in its attractiveness and the great loose clusters of flowers, 
the rich green foliage with the least hint of blue in it, makes the Sargent 
rose a thing to covet, a thing to fitly bear the name it carries. 

The Arnold Arboretum makes me wish I had another life to live. 
In my time I have tried in my own environment to make a few small 
pictures in garden flowers. If I could see twenty vigorous years before 
me I should be tempted to fare forth upon the uncharted sea of ar- 
rangement of these new shrubs and trees. The old firm of Farquhar, 
of Boston, offered for sale for the first time in this country in January, 
1913, many of these rare and new plants and shrubs; they have only 
to become known to become common to our gardens and fine estates. 
And Professor Sargent himself remarks in a recent letter, "The person 



who first arranges a border of shrubs with reference to an artistic com- 
bination of form and color will do a great thing for sensible and eco- 
nomical American gardening." 

Louisa King, 
Garden Club of Michigan. 

TObat U>ou Can 2>o If l?ou ZTrp 

It might be interesting to some members of the Garden Club to 
know that the Pink Egyptian Lotus is established and growing in our 
pond on Long Island. 

About fifteen years ago we bought some roots, put them in paper 
boxes filled with earth and threw them into the pond, which is nowhere 
over 2 feet deep, with a bottom of very deep black mud, hoping to see 
them growing the next year, but with no success. 

Three or five years went by and we forgot all about the "Lotus." 

One summer we noticed some large leaves growing up above the 
water; and then came the beautiful large pink flowers with its golden 
crown in the center. Each year they increased, and now they are all 
over the pond, as many as seventy-five in bloom at a time in August. 

Mrs. Harold Herrick, 

The Garden Club of Lawrence. 

As we were strolling through one of the interesting streets of 
Bremen, on our last morning before sailing for home, we came upon a 
shop with four little pots of Edelweiss in its window. Until that 
moment it had not occurred to us that Edelweiss ought to be in every 
self-respecting rock garden, no matter how small it might be. "But 
these plants," we said to each other, "must be frightfully expensive; 
beside which it would be utterly impossible to get them across the sea 
alive." No, we must put the thought from our minds; it was out of 
the question. 

One hour later those four precious little plants, guarded by my 
husband and myself, were on the way to our ship. They proved good 
sailors, and arrived in New York with their heads up, looking very 
perky. 

We placed them on the very edge of the sea in the pockets of the 
rocks beside the front door of our little home in Maine. There they 
have bloomed every summer for twelve years. Last year, owing to 
the enthusiasm of "the hired man," who "wed the hull place" before 
we arrived, only four flowers greeted us. We have never given them 
any especial care, except to have them protected by pine boughs in the 
autumn. 

Alice Louise Hyde. 

P. S. — The plants cost thirty-five cents a pot. 



Book IReviews 

THE GARDENING BLUE BOOK. 

A MANUAL OF THE PERENNIAL GARDEN 

By 

Leicester P. Holland, 
Of the Architectural Department of the University of Pennsylvania 

This delightful book begins with a carefully prepared chart, list- 
ing a great number of plants according to height, color, period of bloom 
and habit ingeniously arranged for easy reference. It contains excel- 
lent descriptions of all the individual plants mentioned in the chart, 
giving the derivation and meaning of the botanical names, the natural 
habitat of the plant, and the order to which it belongs, with fine illus- 
trations of each. 



EVERY MAN'S GARDEN EVERY WEEK 

By 

C. A. Seldek 
Dodd-Mead & Co. 

"The business of a garden is an adventure with Nature herself." 
An interesting, useful and practical book on gardening and country 
living on a modest scale, containing directions for vegetable planting, 
cultivation and use, the care of grounds and simple suggestions for 
laying them out. 

THE PRACTICAL BOOK OF OUTDOOR ROSE GROWING FOR 
THE HOME GARDEN 

By 

George C. Thomas, Jr. 
J. B. Lippincott Co. 

Beginning with propagation (recommending budded plants as 
best), Mr. Thomas describes the development of new varieties by 
hybridizing, and includes the usual invaluable chart of varieties (with 
directions for pruning). Many beautiful color illustrations accompany 
the text. 

The enthusiastic information in this book will stir its readers to 
rose culture not limited by the desire to obtain roses to fill the flower 
vases. 



WHAT ENGLAND CAN TEACH US ABOUT GARDENING 

By 

WlLHELM MlLLER 

Associated Editor of Baileys Cyclopedia 

Doubleday, Page Co. 

Mr. Miller's delight in English gardens is accompanied by the 
determination to help American gardeners to the same beauty. He is 
convinced that many of our failures are due to our use of European 
plants, not suitable to our climate. 

We can get many effects by using equivalents from America and 
the Far East, and may increase our appreciation of landscape effects 
by laying out our grounds for outdoor living. 

His careful recommendations and suggestions for intensive cul- 
ture seem to make the attainment of his object possible to rural Ameri- 
cans. The book is beautifully printed and copiously illustrated. 



CONTINUOUS BLOOM IN AMERICA 
By 

Lolise S HELTON 

Scribner & Sons 

The title of this book explains its object and scope, and our 
experience with Miss Shel ton's garden ideas make us confident of the 
value of her selection of plants. It seems like the key to much of our 
former confusions to read, "the secret of well-balanced and continuous 
bloom," after a knowledge of the plants to be used, is "alternating 
the several blooming periods in straight or circular lines, in broken 
though regular order, throughout each and all of the beds. Charts ac- 
company the lists and there are beautiful photographic illustrations. 

Mary Anderson, 
Garden Club of Michigan. 

THE AMATEUR GARDEN 

By 

Geoege W. Cable 

Charles Scribner & Sons 

In "The Amateur Garden" Mr. Cable teaches in a practical way 
just what many of us who met in Baltimore last spring wished to 
know — i. e., how to go about improving our villages and country settle- 
ments. 

In his chapter on the Cottage Gardens of Northampton his direc- 
tions and suggestions are definite enough, and, one hopes, inspiring 



enough to encourage many of us to undertake this work. His sugges- 
tions are the result of sixteen years' successful progress in cottage 
gardens. 

HOW TO LAY OUT SUBURBAN HOME GROUNDS 

By 

Herbert J. Keixaway 
John Wiley & Sons, New York 

This is a primer designed, I think, for use among our young and 
ardent home builders — that army of enthusiasts who buy a lot, say an 
acre, or even half that lordly space, and wish to develop on it a garden, 
an orchard and a house! 

This little book is practical even to warning the purchaser to in- 
quire, before buying, whether the garbage man stops by the would-be 
back door. It also urges intelligent study of landscape art, with 
beauty and usefulness as a desired result. It is not very polished 
writing, but it is earnest in upholding an ideal and should be a help 
toward improving our quick growing suburbs by educating those who 
are building them. Let us see that the libraries in our various cities 
place a copy on their shelves. 

Elizabeth P. Frazier, 

Garden Club of Philadelphia. 



flHr, IBenoersotVs Exhibition of 
(Barfcen pastels 

In speaking of the Exhibition of Garden Pastels by William Pen- 
hallow Henderson, recently held at the Roullier Art Galleries in Chi- 
cago, Miss Lena McCauley wrote in the Chicago Evening Post, "there 
are twenty-five lyrics in color of famous gardens in estates along the 
north shore, Lake Forest, Lake Bluff and Lake Geneva in Wisconsin." 
And it is precisely the lyrical note that is struck by these pastels. No 
happier medium could be found for translating or perpetuating those 
perfect moments which all garden lovers realize, and long to share 
with others. 

Mr. Henderson is a master of the art of pastel. His pastels made 
in France, Italy, Spain, and those of the American subjects — New 
Orleans, Chicago, Boston and New York — have for a number of 
years past been prized by collectors and quite recently have come to 
be properly valued by a more general public. That he should have 
turned his attention to garden subjects is due to the suggestion of Mrs. 
Walter S. Brewster, in whose garden the first of the new series of pas- 
tels were made. 



Garden pictures are often photographic, one may count the 
leaves or petals with botanical accuracy, but they seldom if ever con- 
vey in their portrayal the real garden charm. These pastels, however, 
are like a song that remains in the memory. They are delicately se- 
lective and suggestive and communicate to the observer something of 
the garden lover's own enthusiasm. 

Being an artist, Mr. Henderson of course instinctively appreciates 
the arrangement of color planned by the skillful gardener. In "Holly- 
hocks and Larkspur" or in "Tiger Lilies and Phlox" the color is like a 
strain of music. Or again in "Verrochio's Little Boy," with its ex- 
quisite drawing or in "The Fountain" from Mrs. Finley Barrell's garden 
— he gives us the unalloyed pleasure of a sensation that is hard to cap- 
ture — the feeling of green leaves, of cool water, of a quiet moment. 

The larger aspect of garden landscape with architectural sur- 
roundings is shown in "The Lily Pool" and the "South Facade" from 
Mr. Harold McCormick's estate, or in the "Formal Garden" or "The 
Casino" from Mrs. Ogden Armour's garden at Melody Farm. These 
are only a few of the pastels shown, but in each one exhibited the color 
and selection are equally characteristic of the individual garden. 

The other pastels in the series include vistas and doorways, pools, 
pergolas and glades from the gardens of Mrs. Martin A. Ryerson, 
Mrs. Norman W. Harris, Mrs. Frederick Clay Bartlett, Mrs. John J. 
Mitchell and Mrs. Arthur Aldis. 

From the point of view of the landscape gardener work like this 
has an especial significance, and recognizing this fact the Landscape 
Garden Department of the University of Illinois has asked to have the 
exhibition shown at Urbana following the Chicago exhibition, and later, 
with the consent of their owners, the pastels will be shown in Cleveland. 

A. F. R. 

E>ablia "Sunsbine" 

The remarkable success of Mrs. C. H. Stout, of the Garden 
Club of Short Hills, with her seedling Dahlia, "Sunshine," should be 
recorded here. 

Mrs. Stout raised the plant from seed in 1913. Last year it was 
shown at the Dahlia Show of her Club, where it took first prize in the 
single class. The American Dahlia Society, however, calls it duplex, 
while the National Dahlia Society also considers it single. It has 
already taken eight prizes and a medal. 

This Dahlia I have seen. It is, without doubt, the rarest of all 
the yellows from many points of view. The texture of the flower 
struck me as rich beyond description. Its color is thus described from 
Ridgway's Chart: "By strong daylight the petals are Pinard Yellow, 
shaded with Salmon Yellow and the center is Capucine Orange. The 
flower turns at night to an indescribable pink." 



A seedsman, writing after the New York Dahlia Show of last 
autumn, says: " 'Sunshine,' a semi-double, was entered in the single 
class. It is very large and beautiful. I would describe it as a pinkish 
yellow, but in some lights it seemed to be a rosy buff. The judges 
were puzzled and did not try to describe it." 

Mrs. Stout is selling the tubers, through an agent, for the benefit 
of the American Red Cross Society. (See advertising page.) 

Mrs. Francis King, 

Garden Club of Michigan. 



To the Editor of The Bulletin: 

Will you convey to the members of the Garden Club of America 
my deepest gratitude for their interest in my "Sunshine" Dahlia? 
Through their generosity I have been able to send quantities of warm 
blankets to Red Cross Hospitals and 45 pounds of knitting wool. In 
the spring, when the tubers are delivered, I am planning to do even 
more. I sincerely hope the blossoms will live up to "Sunshine's" repu- 
tation. 

Henrietta M. Stout. 



Sweet ipeas 

For two years I have seen the wonderful results obtained by my 
neighbor's gardener in the growing of sweet peas. His marvelous 
blooms, like orchids with strong stems 15 to 16 inches in length, won 
the blue ribbon at several of the large flower shows. His work was 
all done under glass, and I never dreamed that without the aid of a 
greenhouse anything could be produced to even approach these exhibi- 
tion flowers, so I was content to continue sowing my seeds in rows and 
letting them climb over pea brush or wire in the old-fashioned way. 

The twentieth century method of growing sweet peas, as de- 
scribed by a lecturer, seemed very complicated, especially the fertilizing, 
but I determined to try it as it needed nothing more formidable than a 
cold frame, and I also decided to see what I could do with the ordinary 
barnyard manure, the fertilizers mentioned being quite expensive. 
The first week in March I planted my seeds, being careful to 
select only the smooth plump ones, not those that were wrinkled. 
I placed three in each 2^4 -inch pot. When the second leaves 
began to show the pots were placed in cold frames (the sashes 
lifted on sunny days) and when the plants were 4 or 5 inches high I 
pulled out the two weaker ones, leaving the strongest of the three to 
continue growing, well staked with bamboo. 



I then prepared a place in the garden to be in readiness for them 
when all danger from frost would be over. The ground was dug 
deeply and well-rotted stable manure spaded in. In England the 
ground is made ready in the fall by digging trenches and leaving them 
open, so that the frost will get well into the soil, sweetening it and kill- 
ing all insects. The Shakers of Lebanon also do this. I have never 
seen such an abundance of fine sweet peas as they raise, but, of course, 
the climate of Maine is unusually congenial to them. On April 20th 
I put my little plants in the open ground, placing each one 6 inches 
apart. Each plant I trained on a single stout string. The strings 
were fastened to a heavy wire which ran along the ground and to one 
which ran across at the height of about 7 feet, and here I might sug- 
gest that if the labels are fastened to the high wire instead of the low 
one they do not become muddy, and remain clear and legible through 
all the watering that is so necessary. 

A trench was dug and filled with manure about 6 inches from 
the row of plants and into this all watering was done. Some chicken 
manure got mixed with my fertilizer in some way and got into my 
trenches. It burned beyond recovery six of my strongest plants. It 
was most unfortunate, but is quite likely to happen to any amateur. 

In training sweet peas up the strings, pinch off all the shoots and 
tie with raffia. Do not allow them to cling. This sounds like a great 
deal of work, but a few moments every other day will accomplish it. 

My plants were given liquid manure only four times. I think 
the most important part is to keep them well watered. If they get 
thoroughly dried out they never seem to recover. Stretch burlap or 
cheese cloth over the rows when they are blossoming if the sun is very 
hot. This year I am taking my own seeds from the strong plants and 
hope to be able to tell you next season that I have been successful. 

As to the varieties, I will only mention those that I have tried 
myself and found particularly strong growers. King White, a new 
sweet pea of American origin, is especially satisfactory as are the old 
favorites, Apple Blossom, Spencer and Blanche Ferry Spencer, 
Martha Washington and King Edward Spencer, White Spencer and 
John Ingman, Florence Nightingale, Irish Belle and Senator Spencer. 
The Tennant Spencer should have special mention, being a wonderful 
mauve, which, if grown the new way, produces enormous sprays of blos- 
soms. Arranged in a vase with maidenhair fern the effect is as beau- 
tiful as the cattleya orchid. If any of you saw my sweet peas that I 
exhibited to the Club at our July meeting, I am sure there is nothing that 
I need say in defense of this modern method of growing, or in arguing 
that all this trouble is well worth while. 

Edna G. Crawford, 

The Rye Garden Club. 



Ipeontes 

My peonies seem so grateful for a little "forced feeding." When 
they are having their spring hors-d'oeuvre of well-rotted cow manure 
and bone meal in the proportion of a spade full of bone meal to the 
wheelbarrow of manure, I give to each plant a trowel full of wood 
ashes to stiffen the stems and keep the flowers from being "noddy." 
When the buds form I disbud, leaving one to the stem and start feed- 
ing a quart of liquid manure to each plant twice a week with the 
result — peonies with 3-foot stems, stiff and splendid, and flowers 9 
inches in diameter. 

The liquid manure is made in an ordinary barrel painted inside 
and out and fitted in the bottom with a wire mesh division on feet keep- 
ing it one foot from the bottom of the barrel. This is to prevent the 
manure from getting into the spigot, which is the kind ordinarily used 
in a molasses barrel. I take the extra precaution, too, of putting the 
manure into an old sack or bag of any loosely woven material. 

Of cow or natural sheep manure I use a half bushel to the barrel 
of water and this liquid will have to be diluted about half with water 
when using, for it should not be darker in color than weak tea. 

Lawson Melich, 
Garden Club of Cincinnati. 

If last summer the foliage of your peonies became wilted and 
brown, with occasional black spots, which ate through the leaf, try this 
remedy in the autumn. 

"Some days ago I received the sample of diseased peony root and 
top. 

After a careful examination I am able to find only the Botrytis 
blight on some of the stems. I think there is no question but that this 
is the only trouble with your plants. The roots appear to be perfectly 
healthy. 

I would suggest that you cut them off very close to the ground 
and burn over them the diseased tops. A little straw added to the 
fire will make a greater heat. The tops should be thoroughly burned, 
together with all the debris around. The heat thus developed will not 
injure the buds, especially if the ground be moist. Sanitation is the 
only satisfactory method I can suggest for controlling this trouble." 

H. H. Whetzel, 

Professor. 
New York State College of Agriculture at Cornell University, 
Ithaca, N. Y. 

A short list of charming and dependable peonies: 

La Rosiere, white; Albatre, white; M. du Pont, extra fine 



white; Eugene Verdier, palest pink and most beautiful; Albert Crousse, 
light pink; Livingston, extremely fine, bright pink, four and five large 
flowers to a stem; Edulis Superba, very charming bright rose. For a 
very late planting where peonies are needed, Marie Lemoine is best. 
It is a splendid flower and bloomed this year until July 1 Oth. 

Ulew ant) ^Unusual Bnnuals anb Successful 
Hnnual Combinations 

An attractive edge for a border of flowers of shades of yellow and 
bronze was the little Sanvitalia which was covered during the entire 
summer with tiny bright yellow double flowers, many with dark centers. 

The nasturtium, Farquhar's A.pricot, is an exact match as to 
shade of the phlox Rheinlander and is excellent grown as a cover for 
the phlox stalks. 

White early cosmos and cleone make a fine and graceful mass of 
green and white for back of border. 

Clarkia Salmon Queen is charming with violet stock, single and 
pale. 

Margaret L. Gage, 

Litchfield Garden Club. 

I discovered, last summer, that it does not pay to start Sanvitalia 
in flats. Sown early, in the open ground, it makes better, fuller plants 
and begins to bloom at about the same time. 

Kate L. Brewster. 

Erysimum Perofskiaum (Annual Wall Flower) is a very pretty 
yellow annual and has proved valuable for cutting. 

A most successful combination of last summer was Farquhar's 
Golden Gem Pansies and Myosotis Alpestris, Victoria. 

Edna Crawford, 

The Rye Garden Club. 

Do you all know the charming little annual called "Lavatera"? 
It is of the Mallow family, but it is much more modest in size and less 
insistent than the Marvels, which flaunt themselves in our summer 
gardens. Of a lovely shade of pink, without a trace of magenta, it 
is a delight to the eye when used with Heliotrope, or the large flowered 
Gypsophila. It has a valuable habit, too, of dropping seed early 
enough in the season to make the seedlings a foot high by the time frost 
comes. These can be brought into a sunny window and will come into 
flower before Christmas. As I write this, 1 Oth of November, it is 
still in bloom in my outdoor garden. 

Abbie M. Field, 
Garden Club of Cincinnati. 



Poppy seed scattered broadcast in among the cosmos seedlings 
will give a most lovely effect in July, for the poppies will blossom while 
the cosmos are low and feathery, looking like a combination of poppies 
and ferns. 

Pale blue ageratum, combined with yellow or salmon pink zin- 
nias, is also very beautiful. There is nothing startlingly vivid about 
either of these combinations, but I send them for what they may be 
worth. 

Adelaide K. Merrill, 

Bedford Garden Club. 

The following is a description of an annual border which was 
very satisfactory and in continuous bloom almost all summer: 

For the edging pink single Portulaca, just back of this sown to- 
gether were Sweet Alyssum and Godetia (Rosamond). Blue Ager- 
atum and the delicate white flower of Gypsophila came next (the latter 
was taken out after it had finished blooming). 

Back of this was used Phlox Drummondi in shades of primrose, 
white and pink, the primrose predominating. 

Towering above these came the delicate flowers of the Larkspur, 
light blue, pink, white and dark blue, mixed with the bolder and more 
conspicuous flowers of Lupinus in shades of rich blue, sky blue, rose 
and white. 

In the last row mixed together were the lavender blue of the 
Scabiosa (Azure Fairy) and the shrimp pink of the Lavatera with a 
few plants of Euphorbia Variegata. 

Katherine W. Reed, 

Ulster Garden Club. 

The two following annuals are easily grown and effective: Eu- 
phorbia Heterophylla, or Mexican Fire Plant; Euphorbia Variegata, 
or Snow on the Mountain. 

Mrs. J. Rich Steers. 

In Canada, where I grow only annuals, I found Schizanthus most 
successful in mass against a background of Bachelor's Buttons and 
Orange King Calendulas, with white Petunias in the foreground. 

Mrs. C. H. Conner. 

I recommend Schizanthus Grandiflorus Oculatus with Violet 
Queen Petunia (Farquhar) as a charming combination of lilac and 
purple. 

Eleanor Patterson Mulliken. 



LIST OF LITTLE-USED ANNUALS 

Arctotis grandis Lavatera splendeus Sunset 

Statice sinnuata hybrida Dimorphotheca aurantiaca hy- 
Abronia umbellata brida flore pleno 

Brachycome heridifolia "Blue Phacelia campanularia 

Gem" Centaurea suaveolens 

Artemisia Sacrorum (Annual Cleome pungens and alba 

Pine tree) Salvia patens 

Gaura Lindheimeri Schizanthus hybrids 

Didiscus cceruleus Hunnemannia fumariaefolia 

Mrs. J. M. Fuller, 
Garden Club of Orange and Dutchess Counties. 



Some annual combinations that bloom from July 1st until frost: 
Petunia, Rosy Morn, Ageratum and white Verbenas. 

Flesh-colored Zinnias; Heliotrope, Cent Fleurs and Phlox Drum- 
mondi, Chamois Rose. 

Dianthus, Salmon Queen; white Vincas and double blue Lobelias. 



The most charming of all gladioli are the Primulinus Hybrids. 
These range in color from palest yellow, through all the salmon yellow 
shades to vivid orange. They are very slender and graceful and very 
easily grown. They are excellent for cutting, as they lack the rigidity 
of the larger varieties. 

Kate L. Brev/ster. 



Of five varieties of Buddleia tested last year my favorite is 
Buddleia Veitchii, partly because of the deep lavender of the flower, 
partly because of the charming pronounced gray-green of the leaflets 
and the bluish green of the older leaves. For cutting with this 
Buddleia I found an entrancing subject in Anemone Japonica, rosea 
superba elegans. These were highly successful; a flower 3^4 inches 
in diameter and of the shade of a Persian Lilac. Grown below 
Buddleia these Anemones would create an unexcelled effect in bluish 
mauve and cool pink. 

Three Gladioli were very fine; Empress of India, a rich faded 
rather tapestry-like pink; Schwaben, a lovely primrose-yellow flower, 
exceedingly good for use with lavender or violet bloom of other things; 
and Europa, a very fine pure white. 

Louisa King, 
Garden Club of Michigan. 



after Effects 

For garden lovers who must garden in localities where the sum- 
mers are very hot, the problem of after-effects is a serious one and 
seldom dealt with in books on gardening. 

After the May and June bloom the foliage of many plants be- 
comes unattractive. Columbines, some spireas, bellis, Shasta daisies, 
delphiniums, German iris, Sweet William, valerian, violas, and primulas 
must all be concealed if the garden is to look fresh and pretty and 
Canterbury bells and foxgloves must be replaced. 

By August there are the remains of many phloxes, gypsophila, 
hollyhocks, lilies, platycodons and veronicas to be dealt with. 

By mid-September, helenium, helianthus, heliopsis, Boltonia, 
pyrethrum, and many asters are quite over and there is another faded 
border. 

Such plants as bleeding heart, oriental poppy, leopard's bane, 
and Virginia cowslip, which disappear entirely, are less difficult to deal 
with, as they will not resent being covered by annuals, but I have 
found that many perennial plants rot off if overgrown by marigold, 
zinnias, petunias, etc. Where summer transplanting is a doubtful and 
difficult matter, how is one to conceal all these imperfections? 

Hardy chrysanthemums (young bushy plants, grown from cut- 
tings each year) have been my chief refuge, but the facts that they do 
not bloom until October, and that it takes much labor and reserve 
garden space to produce them are drawbacks. 

Have BULLETIN readers some suggestions to offer on this sub- 
ject of after-effects? 

Elizabeth C. Ritchie, 
Amateur Gardeners of Baltimore. 

lancle 3errp 

Do you know Uncle Jerry? He is the greatest friend of the 
gardener. Use him early and often. Uncle Jerry is dry Bordeaux 
Mixture. If it is put about the Delphiniums in late April it will help 
the plants to produce larger blooms, deeper colors and more spikes. 
Too much Uncle Jerry is not good for the plants, so care should be 
taken to give the right quantity. Allow about half a trowel full to a 
large plant, and work it in the soil about the roots. 

Uncle Jerry worked into the ground about the Hybrid Per- 
petuals and Tea Roses in late July when they are resting, will stim- 
ulate them and make them produce fine blooms in August and Sep- 
tember. 

Bordeaux itself, the powder dissolved in water, is a valuable 
assistant to the gardener. It stimulates leaf growth, kills microscopic 
pests and it is a general tonic to the plants. English Ivy is much im- 



proved by three applications of Bordeaux applied from the end of 
April to early May. Pick off all the old leaves, clean out all de- 
cayed material which might harbor eggs of insects, and spray with 
Bordeaux. Give the first application about the 24th of April, the 
second ten days later and the last about the 1 3th of May. This treat- 
ment of the English Ivy will make the plants produce quantities of 
leaves of beautiful green, and the plants will be healthier all summer. 
If a vine or shrub has an accident and loses all its leaves but is not 
dead, the three applications of Bordeaux will restore the growth. 
Sometimes beetles will strip a plant completely of its leaves, but Bor- 
deaux will repair the damage. 

Virginia E. Verplanck. 

Suggestions 

As a member of the Committee on Improvement of Highways 
and Settlements I desire to impress upon the Garden Club of America, 
through the good offices of The Bulletin, the great need there is 
for all the clubs to do their share in trying to exterminate poison ivy 
from their respective districts. 

Personally I am ignorant of the best means of ridding the country 
of this poisonous plant, but I shall be grateful for any information 
The Bulletin can give me. 

Maria W. B. Hamill, 

Garden Club of Princeton. 

Perhaps it may be of interest to the readers of The BULLETIN 
to know that there is now on the market a satisfactory lantern to show 
postal cards and photographs, without the trouble or expense of hav- 
ing glass slides made. This lantern shows colored cards, or those in 
black and white equally well, and is extremely simple to use, as it is 
equipped with a long cord and screw, which fits into any electric socket. 

Abbie M. Field, 
Garden Club of Cincinnati 

At the suggestion of a member of The BULLETIN Committee, 
The Bulletin asks for articles on the subjects following: 

Substitutes for the fertilizers, such as potash, nitrate of soda, etc., 
now made unobtainable through the war. 

Culture of plants and shrubs in pots and tubs — soil and care. 

Possibilities of wintering plants in pits, and without artificial heat, 
in climates where thermometer occasionally falls to 1 5 below zero. 

Possibilities of size and economics in gardens run by the owner 
and one inexperienced man. 

Successful staking. 



A past owner and manager of one of the largest nursery and 
florist establishments in Antwerp is now a refugee in Holland. He 
has lost everything and is anxious to come, with his family of five, to 
this country. His wife speaks perfect English. He is highly recom- 
mended as overseer. His transportation could be arranged if an as- 
sured position were offered. The editor will be glad to give further 
details. 

The loose leaf ledger used by the Garden Club of Illinois is the 
De Luxe No. 2 1 0. Similar ledgers are the Irving Pipp No. 5 1 and 
the McMillan, No. 10. These are inch ring books. Half-inch ring 
books are numbered, respectively, 209, 509 and 09. The fillers are 
sheets 8y 2 by 5 l / 2 inches and are punched three times. 

These may be had at any stationers, or if clubs, as a whole, wish 
to adopt them they may be purchased at wholesale through local 
dealers. 

Miss Willmott's Belgians are still with her, and this spring she 
is sending more seeds to sell for their benefit. Last year Mrs. Henry 
sent about $300.00 to Miss Willmott as the result of Garden Club 
sales. This year all seeds will be put up in 50-cent packages and may 
be had from Mrs. Bayard Henry, Germantown, Philadelphia, Pa. 

A list of available varieties follows: 

Aconitum Doronicum 

Alyssum saxatile Gaillardia 

Anchusa Hollyhocks 

Arabis Iberis 

Aquilegia Lavendula 

Aubretia Lupinus 

Asters Onoethera 

Bellis Perennis Hardy Pinks 

Campanula media Platycodon 

Campanula Calecantheum Primula 

Centaurias Pyrethrum 

Double Moonpenny Daisy Sweet William 

Delphinium Veronica 

Digitalis Wall Flowers 

Umportant 

The subject for the prize essay, to be read at the Annual Meet- 
ing of the Garden Club of America at Lenox on June 27, 28 and 29, 
1916, will be "The Broadening Use of Garden Clubs." 

This subject was suggested by Mrs. Farrand, and in view of the 
constantly increasing interest in the Garden Club movement should be 
of the greatest use as a means of crystalizing opinion and of giving 
permanent importance to the movement. 



Summer Scbool of Xanfcscape architecture 
at Xafce forest College 

A course of lectures and demonstrations in Landscape Architec- 
ture will be offered at Lake Forest College from the 26th of June to 
the 5th of August, 1916. The summer school will be under the direc- 
tion of Professor R. R. Root, who is in charge of the professional 
course in Landscape Architecture at the University of Illinois, assisted 
by Mr. N. P. Hollister. The course is planned to be of special value 
to students in professional schools, to landscape architects, to owners of 
private estates, and to others interested in gardening and out-of-door 
life. 

The summer school in Landscape Architecture has been made 
possible through the interest of the Garden Club of Illinois, and by 
the co-operation of the trustees of Lake Forest University and the Uni- 
versity of Illinois. Mrs. Byron L. Smith has offered the excellent ar- 
boretum on her Lake Forest estate as a laboratory for the course in 
plant study. The plant collection here is unique in the variety and 
arrangement of hardy trees and shrubs, both deciduous and evergreen. 
Lake Forest, the "North Shore" and Chicago offer unexcelled oppor- 
tunities for a study of landscape design as illustrated in private estates, 
gardens, and public grounds. Special reference will be made to these 
examples in the lectures, which will be supplemented by frequent excur- 
sions to study them on the ground. 

Correspondence should be addressed to President John S. Nollen, 
Lake Forest, Illinois, or to Professor Ralph R. Root, Urbana, Illinois. 



£be Ulational flower Sbow 

The National Flower Show will be held at Philadelphia, March 
25 to April 2, 1916, under the auspices of The Society of American 
Florists and Ornamental Horticulturists. Clubs of Philadelphia taking 
an active interest in the National Flower Show: The Garden Club of 
Philadelphia, The Weeders, Main Line Flower Show, Pennsylvania 
Horticultural Society, Flower Market, Society of Little Gardens, The 
Garden Club of Montgomery and Delaware Counties. 



Xecture features of £be Ulational flower Sbow 

Evening Lectures — 8 p. m. 

March 25th — W. N. Rudd, Chicago. Subject: "Home Grounds." 

Illustrated. 
March 27th — Prof. E. A. White, Cornell University. Subject: 

"What Science Has Done for Floriculture." Illustrated. 



March 28th — Robert Pyle, West Grove, Pa. Subject: "Roses." 
Illustrated. 

March 29th — J. Horace McFarland, President, American Civic Asso- 
ciation. Subject: "Civics for Home and Municipality." Illus- 
trated. 

March 30th — J. Otto Thilow, Philadelphia. Subject: "Flowers from 
Snow to Snow." Illustrated. Under the auspices of the Garden 
Club of America. 

March 31st — Frank N. Meyer, Department of Agriculture, Washing- 
ton, D. C. Subject: "Agricultural Exploration in China." Illus- 
trated. 

April 1st — Arthur Cowee, Berlin, N. Y. — Subject: "Gladioli." Il- 
lustrated. 



Afternoon Lectures — 3.30 p. m. 

March 27th — Max Schling, New York. Subject: "Flower Arrange- 
ment and Color Combination." 

March 28th — Richard Rothe, Glenside, Pa. — Subject: "Rock Gar- 
dens." Illustrated. 

March 29th — Miss Caro Miller, Bureau of Education, Philadelphia. 
Subject: "School Gardening." Illustrated. 

March 30th — Richard Vincent, President, American Dahlia Society. 
Subject: "Dahlias." Illustrated. 

April 1st — E. I. Wilde, State College, Pa. Subject: "Bulbs for Sum- 
mer Bloom." 



Zvoo Invitations 

The Garden Club of Philadelphia invites you to tea at the 
National Flower Show in Convention Hall, Broad Street and Allegheny 
Avenue, on Thursday afternoon, March the 30th, from 3 until 6 o'clock, 
in the tea garden. If you expect to come, kindly reply to Miss Ernestine 
A. Goodman, secretary, Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia. 

The Garden Clubs of Philadelphia invite you to a loan exhibition 
of books on botany, gardening and landscape art, to be held at the 
University of Pennsylvania, in Zoological Hall, Room No. 305, Thirty- 
eighth Street and Woodland Avenue, from March 20th to April 3d, 
1 until 4 o'clock. 

Admission free. 

Many ancient volumes on botany and horticulture will be shown 
and visitors may study the modern books at their leisure. 



Council of presidents 

A meeting of the Council of Presidents will be held at the Acorn 
Club, 1618 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, on Wednesday, March the 
29th, at 1 1 o'clock. 



ftbe advertising policy of £be bulletin 

This month The BULLETIN prints two pages of advertisements. 
Each spring we will print two pages, but in our other issues but one 
page will appear. 

Our plan is meeting with great success, and since our policy is 
very clearly defined, we take this opportunity to explain it to our 
members. 

We accept no advertisements except those recommended by our 
members, and we ask our members to endorse only seedsmen and deal- 
ers whose stock has proved good, and whose dealings have been straight- 
forward. The BULLETIN cannot guarantee each packet of seeds 
sold by its advertisers, but it can guarantee that two or more Garden 
Club members have been well served by certain firms. 

Our advertising page is designed as a directory of such firms. We 
might fill it easily with the same names, over and over, but since it is 
for the convenience of our members rather than for profit, we accept 
advertisements from the same firm but twice each year and allow them 
but one inch of space each time. We ask, too, that novelties, rather 
than general stock, be advertised, since it is the newer, better things in 
which our members are interested. 

You can help us to still greater success by sending to the editor 
names of firms that you have found worth while, and by always men- 
tioning The Bulletin when you write to advertisers. 

Thus we shall be mutually helpful and a clamoring multitude will 
demand admittance to our Advertising Honor Roll. 

Editor. 



DWARF FRUIT TREES 

USEFUL where space is valuable. They occupy 

less room than ordinary Standards. Their fruit is 

more easily gathered, and the trees bear younger. 

Send for our New Catalogue 

SWAIN NELSON & SONS CO. 

795 Marquette Bldg. CHICAGO, ILL. 


CHESTER JAY HUNT 

ANNOUNCES THE REMOVAL OF HIS 
OFFICES AND BULB-GARDENS TO 

MAYFAIR 

LITTLE FALLS NEW JERSEY 

An Unusually Fine Display will continue through May 


For the largest and best selection of DAHLIAS, 

ROSES, HARDY PERENNIALS, also 

FLOWER and VEGETABLE SEEDS, etc. 

CONSULT 

Dreer's Qarden {Book for 1916 

A Copy Mailed Free to All Applicants 
H^nrv A Hiw»r 714-716 Chestnut Street 

nenry m.. uieer, Philadelphia, pa. 


HOW TO GROW ROSES. 1 12 page*, Library Edition 
A book of us pages, 5x8, of which 16 illustrate leading Roses 
in natural colors. All the necessary instructions which will be 
of value to the amateur are presented in clear, simple and con- 
cise form. Where, when and how to plant. Fertilizers, Insect- 
icides, Planting, Pruning, Mulching, Winter Protection, with 
important lists of the best Roses for every imaginable place and 
purpose. The Calendar of Operations alone may save you the 
cost of the book. Regular prlre, $1, postpaid, or complimentary 
copies will be presented free to our patrons, who request it, 
when sending an order amounting to $5 or more. 

THE CONARD & JONES CO., West Grove, Pa. 


BUDDLEYA WILSONI 

(NOVELTY) 
A dwarf variety with willow leaves and of compact 
globular shape — flowers rosy-lilac. Excellent for the 
hardy border. 

Plants, each $1.00 

THE HOME OF HEATHER 

KNIGHT AND STRUCK COMPANY 

1 Madison Avenue NEW YORK 


PETERSON ROSES 

have revolutionized outdoor 

ROSE GROWING 

Catalogue on Request 

GEORGE H. PETERSON 

Rose and Peony Specialist 
Box 15 FAIR LAWN, N.J. 


HorsforcTs Hardy Plants 

LILY BULBS SHRUBS TREES 
ROSES FERNS 

Write for copy of Spring Catalogue 

FREDERICK H. HORSFORD 

CHARLOTTE, VERMONT 


THE FINEST GARDEN BOOK 

Here is a Seed Book that is different, gives 
real imformation on Where, When and 
How to Plant. Yours for a postal. 

WEEBER & DON 

1 1 4 Chambers Street NEW YORK 


BIG TREE MOVING 

We have a patented apparatus for transplanting trees up to 
two feet in diameter. We charge $10.00 per day for the 
machine and $6.00 per day for a competent man to operate 
it. We have prepared a booklet which shows photographs 
of large trees that have been moved on country estates, and 
will gladly mail you a copy. We also have a large stock of 
trees, shrubs and evergreens, particularly large specimens. 

LEWIS & VALENTINE CO., Roslyn, N. Y. 
Landscape Contractors 




Wonderful Old Fashioned 

HARDY GARDEN PLANTS 

Also a large stock of Japanese Barberry Thunbergii. 

Write for Spring Catalogue 

MARTIN KOHANKIE, Nurseries 

PAINESVILLE, OHIO 

Stop 74, C. P. & E. Visitors Always Welcome 


Rookwood Soft Porcelain 

A quite new production of vases and bowls de- 
signed in form and color for the arrangement of 
flowers. Can be seen at our agent's in each large 
city. 

The Rookwood Pottery Company 

CINCINNATI 



All advertisements endorsed by members of the GARDEN CLUB OF AMERICA 
In writing to Advertisers kindly refer to the Bulletin 



Unique Ornamental Shrub 

Cork-winged Spindle Bush, Euonymus alatus, curious 
cork-winged stems, gorgeous autumn foliage, brilliant small 
red berries, grows large and spreading top, enhances with 
age. Specimens 5 feet, $1.50 each, 5 for $6.25. 

Ask for Summer Catalogue of Hardy Plants. 

THOMAS MEEHAN & SONS 
GERMANTOWN PHILADELPHIA 


Dahlia, SUNSHINE 

Described in these pages, offered by Mrs. Stout, lor the 

Benefit of The American Red Cross 

through 

JOHN SCHEEPERS & CO. 

2 Stone Street NEW YORK 

Tubers, $5.00 each ; Green Plants, $3.00 each 

Stock limited— Order at once 


GEORGE C. WOOLSON 

SPECIALIST IN 

ALPINE, BOG AND HERBACEOUS 

PERENNIALS, BULBS AND 

RARE NATIVE PLANTS 

More than 2000 Species growing at 
HAST1NGS-ON-HUDSON NEW YORK 


Moon's Hardy Trees and Plants 

for Every Place and Purpose 

THE WM. H. MOON COMPANY 

Nurserymen 

MORRISVILLE, PA. 

2200 Varieties 500 Acres 

Established 43 Years 


iD\J L_iIJ>J ~— Gladiolus, Tuberoses, Lilies 

Flower— SEEDS —Vegetable 

New and Rare PLANTS 
VAUGHAN'S SEED STORE 

CHICAGO (Catalog Free) NEW YORK 


A. E. KUNDRED 

Originator of 

The RUFFLED GLADIOLUS 

The grand new American production in several 
types and races, and thousands of color combinations. 

Catalogue Free 
GOSHEN INDIANA 


WE ARE 

One of the largest growers of Fine Shrubs, Ever- 
greens, Vines, Roses and Herbaceous Plants in this 
country. In large Evergreens, we claim to have the 
largest stock in any nursery. Send for catalogue. 

THE ELIZABETH NURSERY CO. 
ELIZABETH, N. J. 


Fan's Hardy Plant Specialties 

PEONIES, IRISES, PHLOXES 

The most complete collection in existence. f% Also 
the new double and single Likes, Deutzias, Philadelphus, 
and everything for the hardy garden. JJ Catalogue beautifully 

illustrated with color-plates mailed free on request. 

BERTRAND H. FARR 

1 18 Garfield Street WYOMISSING, PA. 


ROSES 

Climbing American Beauty and Christine Wright 
(a climbing Madam Caroline Testout) originated and 
introduced by us are the finest yet produced. Purity, 
a white climber. A few plants ready now. 

HOOPES, BRO. & THOMAS COMPANY 

Maple Avenue Nurseries 
Established 1853 WEST CHESTER, PA. 


ARTHUR COWEE 
Qladiolus Specialist 

Originator, Grower and Disseminator of the cream of the 

WORLD'S BEST STRAINS OF GLADIOLI 

Write for Free Illustrated Catalogue 
Meadowvale Farms BERLIN, N. Y. 


PHOTOGRAPHS IN COLOR 

of GARDENS 

MISS FRANCES BENJAMIN JOHNSTON 

MRS. MATTIE EDWARDS HEWITT 

536 Fifth Avenue New York 

Write for Terms and Particulars 


Water-Lillies in Your Own Garden 

Easy to grow in tubs or pools. Require no care 
after planting except to keep the tub filled with water. 
Ml) 1916 Catalogue gives complete instructions, 
describes the choice varieties, and pictures several 
in their beautiful natural colors. Write today for 
a copy. 

WILLIAM TRICKER. P. O. Box Z, Arlington. N. J. 
Water-Lil)) Specialist 



All advertisements endorsed by members of the GARDEN CLUB OF AMERICA 
In writing to Advertisers kindly refer to the Bulletin 



bulletin of 

Zhc (Sarben Club 

of Hmertca 

May, 1916 No. XIV 

President Vice-Presidents 

' Chestnut Hill, Phtladelphla mrs - ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 

Treasurer Princeton, New Jersey 

MRS. H. D. AyCHINCLOSS MRS FAIRCHILD 

33 Selr™?™ NEW Milford ' New York 

MRS. BAYARD HENRY MRS. FRANCIS KING 

Germantown, Philadelphl\ Alma, Michigan 

Librarian 
MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia Lake Forest, Illinois 

Editor 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

Lake Forest, Illinois, and 1220 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago 

The objects of this association shall be: to stimulate the knowledge and love of gardening among 
amateurs; to share the advantages of association, through conference and correspondence in this 
country and abroad; to aid in the protection of native plants and birds; and to encourage civic planting. 



It's the Spring. 

Earth has conceived, and her bosom, 

Teeming with summer, is glad. 

Vistas of change and adventure, 

Thro' the green land 

The grey roads go beckoning and winding, 

Peopled with wains, and melodious 

With harness-bells jangling : 

Jangling and twangling rough rhythms 

To the slow march of the stately, great horses 

Whistled and shouted along. 

White fleets of cloud, 

Argosies heavy with fruitfulness, 

Sail the blue peacefully. Green flame the hedgerows. 

Blackbirds are bugling, and white in wet winds 

Sway the tall poplars. 

Pageants of colour and fragrance, 

Pass the sweet meadows, and viewless 

Walks the mild spirit of May, 

Visibly blessing the world. 

Pastoral — W. E. Henley. 



Have we, in America, an unfortunate way of deciding what we 
want rather than what is suitable? Do we make our gardens as we 
would scorn to buy our hats? 

We insist that a hat be becoming, that it be our particular kind of 
a hat, but we think very little whether a garden becomes a house or 
a countryside or a climate. Some of us like Italian gardens, so we 
plant firmly, quite close to a clapboarded farm house,' a faltering 
excerpt from the shores of Lake Como. Or, from the wide portico 
of a colonial mansion, we drop our eyes to a small, vague Versailles. 
Or, again, a French chateau is surrounded by tangles of shrubbery 
and swoops of perennial border in what, we fondly hope, is the English 
style. 

A loved child, though plain, can always be made pleasing by quaint 
frocks and bonnets that would not suit a really beautiful little girl. 
This we all concede and comply with, but in decking our little plain 
houses, or our large imposing ones, we carry out a preconceived 
notion, ignoring the demands of suitability. 

The kindly English critic, whose letter follows, tells us this so 
gently and politely that we can but take it to heart and, hereafter, 
study our inclinations less and our conditions more. 



/? 



Letter from Miss Jekyll 

On Receiving a Copy of Miss Louise Shelton's 

"Beautiful Gardens in America" 



Mtjxstead Wood, Godalming, Surrey, England. 
Jan. 7, 1916. 

Dear Mrs. King: I am afraid you must have thought me ungrate- 
ful for not sooner thanking you for the beautiful and highly interest- 
ing volume on American gardens. I could not hurry with it; with my 
very bad and painful sight I could only take a few plates and pages at 
a time. 

It is good to see how seriously good gardening is being practised 
on your side and how neither pains nor cost are spared. If one may 
criticise it is only that in many cases there is too much ornamental 
detail crowded together, so that the eye is bewildered by too many 
objects of interest being in sight at the same time. For this reason 
the pictures that appeal to me most strongly are Chesterwood, 
Mariemont, Montpelier, Preston and the quiet canal at Blairsden. 
These have all the inestimable advantage of mature tree growth, 
either in main feature or background. 



A very capable architect has been at work on Drumthwacket, 
and has reproduced some genuine Italian feeling. I see in many 
cases an almost passionate desire to make the garden Italian at all 
costs, some of them not so successful as this. It is probably a matter 
of climate. The success of Drumthwacket is that of the artist 
although it is fairly far north. I think the true Italian character is 
only suitable or completely possible in a corresponding climate such 
as that of California and others of the Southern states. 

I was hoping to see an illustration of some reproduction of a quiet 
English garden such as I think must exist or have been made in con- 
nection with houses of the old Colonial type. This I think the best 
for the Northern states, for the time when these houses were built was 
one of singular refinement in all matters of building and decoration — 
there was that delightful combination of dignity, modesty, and rest- 
fulness that made itself felt through everything and which is more 
than ever needful in these days of painful overstrain. 

Thanking you again and wishing you all good things, I am, 

Yours sincerely, 

Gertrude Jekyll. 

Associate Membership 

A meeting of the Executive Committee and Council of Presidents 
was held in Philadelphia on March 29th and 30th. At the Council 
of Presidents were representatives of twenty-eight Clubs, all of whom 
were entertained at luncheon, after the meeting, by Mrs. Martin. 

The meeting was productive of much valuable discussion. Many 
questions of importance came up and, if not settled, were brought 
nearer to a solution. The matter of garden records was one, reference 
to which will be found elsewhere in the Bulletin. 

The most important matter to be settled was the establishment of 
an Associate Membership. 

There are many garden enthusiasts who live in communities where 
there are no Garden Clubs, or who, because of some local rule, are 
not eligible to membership. Many Clubs, for instance, have no 
men members. Many of these would like to be associated with 
other amateur gardeners and there are many who wish to subscribe 
to the Bulletin and other Garden Club publications. 

So it has been decided that the Associate Membership shall carry 
with it all Club publications and all privileges except the vote. Since 
we vote by Clubs, it would be impossible to give the vote to individ- 
uals. The dues will be $2.00. All good amateurs are eligible but 
no one who already belongs to a Garden Club may become an Asso- 



ciate Member, for the reason that all good Garden Clubs are eligible 
to regular membership and it is not desirable that individuals should 
have Club privileges pending election. Such privileges might be 
abused. 

For this year each member Club may present three candidates 
for Associate Membership. The Executive Committee may also 
present candidates. The names of candidates, duly proposed and 
seconded, and accompanied by letters, several, if possible, setting 
forth their qualifications, must be sent to the Executive Committee, 
who, in turn, will present them to the Council of Presidents. 

Perhaps a word of explanation is needed as to just what the word 
"amateur" implies. The Committee has construed it to include all 
persons professionally but not commercially interested in gardening. 
Slight shades of meaning each Club must settle for itself. The 
Clubs are asked, however, to be very conservative in their choice of 
candidates. This new membership will add to the size of the Club. 
It will also add to its interest and usefulness. No one should be 
proposed whose membership would not be for mutual profit. The 
proposer and seconder, who may be individuals, not Clubs, must 
give assurance of the interest and ability of their candidate. 

Another year the rules will be slightly changed. Probably each 
Club will be allowed to present but one candidate. This year there 
are many who are anxious to become members and many whom the 
Club is anxious to enroll. Under the present arrangement about a 
hundred can be elected. Later this class of membership will probably 
be limited, but no very definite rules can be made until the plan 
has been given a trial. 



At the Council of Presidents on March 30, 1916, the Garden Club 
of Ridgefield, Connecticut, was elected to membership in The Garden 
Club of America. 



Tentative Program of the 

Fourth Annual Meeting of Garden Club 

of America 

To be held in Lenox, Massachusetts, 
Wednesday and Thursday, June 28 and 2Q, iqi6. 

Tuesday, June 27TH 
Arrival during day of Officers and Delegates. Trains leave New 
York (about) 

8:50 A. m. (arrive) 1:30 p. m.* 
3:29 p. m. " 8:00 P. M.* 
8:30 p. m. Meeting of Executive Committee at Curtis Hotel, Lenox. 

Wednesday, June 28th 
9:30 a. m. Meeting of Committees (to be called in advance). 
11:00 a. m. First General Business Meeting. 
1 :oo p. m. Luncheon at Lenox Club. Delegates and Officers. 
2 :3o p. m. Visits to Gardens in Lenox and Pittsfield. 

Tea at Miss Kneeland's, to which both delegates and non- 
delegates are invited. 
8:00 p. m. Subscription Dinner (probably at Hotel Aspinwall) for 
all Officers, Delegates and non-Delegates who care to 
subscribe. 
Arrangements for ordering cards for the dinner will be 

announced later. 
The reports of Presidents of all Member Clubs will be 
read after dinner. 

Thursday, June 29TH 

10:00 a. m. Council of Presidents. 

1 1 :oo a. m. Business Meeting — Election of Officers, Committee 

Reports, etc. 

Luncheon for Officers and Delegates with Mrs. Alexandre. 

2:30 p. m. Visits to Gardens in Stockbridge, Tyringham, and Great 

Barrington. 

Evening Exhibition of Lantern Slides open to all members. 

(Members are asked to bring any slides they may have). 

All meetings will probably be held at the Curtis House, Lenox. 

Secretary of the Lenox Committee — Mrs. Bernhard Hoffmann, 

Stockbridge, Mass. 

*As the summer schedule of the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad 
is not ready, further information as to trains will be sent out later, together with 
directions for motoring to Lenox. 



At the last two Annual Meetings of the Garden Club of America 
a certain embarrassment has been felt by the non-delegates, not 
because they have been neglected but because so much has been done 
for them. Many have even threatened to stay at home, rather than 
feel that they are adding to the burden of the Club which has assumed 
the rather serious task of entertaining so large an organization as 
we have grown to be. 

But the fact that there are many non-delegates who are eager to 
attend the Annual Meeting is the best evidence of a deep and abiding 
interest in the affairs of the Club. Everything must be done to 
encourage them to continue to come, so at this meeting they will be 
left to themselves. They may attend the business meetings if they 
choose; but if they prefer to visit gardens, motors and small maps 
of Lenox and the vicinity will be available, and they may scour the 
country to their hearts' content. Flags will be placed at the entrance 
of all gardens that are open to them, and such gardens will be open 
during the entire day. 

Non-delegates are invited to Miss Kneeland's tea and it is 
particularly hoped that they will come to the Subscription Dinner on 
Wednesday, June 28th. Otherwise they will be left to their own 
devices. 

The Lenox Horticultural Association will hold its Annual Exhibi- 
tion during the Garden Club Meeting. 

An exhibition of garden pastels by William Penhallow Henderson 
of Chicago will also be open at that time. 

An Account of the Work of the Flower Mission 

of the Garden Club of Montgomery and Delaware Counties and 

Suggestions for Their Formation Elsewhere 

Organized Flower Missions were started in Boston, that birthplace 
of so many philanthrophies, but the spirit is the same that animated 
the Colonial Dame who passed her lilacs and sweet herbs over the 
picket fence of her box-edged garden to gratify the longing of the 
childish faces peering in at her. It is the practical way of sharing 
our abundance with the sick in the hospitals, the old people in their 
lonely rooms, and the many wearied workers of the cities, who may 
have memories of other days and gardens of their own. 

The time honored formula for a Flower Mission "bouquet" is 
"Something white, something sweet, something bright." Let me 



beg "and something green or gray for foliage." There come certain 
days when to the workers tying up the bunches at the flower table 
it seems as if only scarlet sage, magenta zinnias, lemon marigolds, 
and purple petunias are left to mingle their prismatic glories. Then 
a cry goes, up for white and green, plenty of it, soft feathery green — 
and it is astonishing what can be utilized in the small bunches that 
are customary. 

Sprigs of privet and box cuttings are glossy and attractive, sweet- 
briars can be trimmed here and there, while honeysuckles and clematis 
are all the better for the restraining shears. Ribbon grass, dusty 
miller, and bishop's weed are admirable, and asparagus and carrot 
tops both fine and feathery. Most popular of all, in certain circles, 
is the ever-present parsley, for it goes into the family stew pot when 
the flowers have faded. Everybody plants twice as much as is needed 
for home consumption, and it can be culled again and again; so send 
plenty of parsley. Mint is much desired. The distributors tell us 
the people fairly clamor for the bunches of flowers with mint. 
At the almshouse the poor old men deprived of their tobacco and 
stimulants find a sprig of mint cheering and sustaining, and a supply 
goes out there each week. 

Be generous with your white flowers — personally, I do not con- 
sider that we have enough in our own gardens as a usual thing. Grow 
a neat row of white candytuft in the vegetable garden, where it can 
be quickly sheared and tied in an abundant sheaf — it sends up new 
shoots, and last a long time. Rock cress, dame's rocket, alyssum, 
sweet peas, dianthus, gypsophila, phlox (second blooming), physo- 
stegia, Bouncing Bet, asters, scabiosa, and boltonia are usually avail- 
able, while from the fields one can get wild carrots, daisies, and asters. 
As the bunches sent are comparatively small ; tiny sprays are utilized 
which seem to you insignificant. The spring shrubs are very beautiful, 
deutzias, spireas, wigelias, viburnum, and lilacs can be generously 
pruned for the Flower Mission to their own ultimate advantage. 
When I lay stress on the need of white blooms, I do not intend to 
disparage their more brilliant brethren, for the latter are very popular; 
but it is the white that helps the color to carry its full glory to satisfy 
the eye. Only a saint indeed could look with gratitude from her bed 
of pain upon an African marigold artistically mingled with rose 
campion and veronica. 

With the "sweet" things we often have both color and green, and 
if we could find space to grow a few of the dear old herbs we would 
have material for many cuttings. Here I want to make a plea for just 
such things to be sent to the blind — so many grow that are the sweeter 



for the handling even though they fade. Many leaf odors are latent 
until they are touched or bruised, and who does not love to finger 
and smell them? So when we send beautiful flowers to the hospital 
let us think as well of the blind in their shadowed homes, and add 
lavender, southernwood, thyme, sweet basil, and bergamot to our 
rose geranium, lemon verbena, lemon balm, cinnamon shrub, and 
sweetbriar. Even tansy, sage, and sassafras may carry charm in 
their odors for many. 

The Philadelphia Fruit, Flower, and Ice Mission receives at its 
distributing center in town the hampers from its various local branches 
and sends according to their needs the flowers to all the hospitals, 
homes for the aged or incurables, the penitentiary, and social centers. 
Other hampers go direct from the local branches to the Visiting Nurse 
Society and the College Settlement, for distribution in the tenements. 
The Union Transfer collects the hampers at the station in town and 
delivers them free of charge. They are plainly marked with the 
name of the branch and returned that day. Private baskets with the 
owner's name clearly painted on the basket can be sent in the same 
manner, and addressed tags are kept in every package room. Each 
local center meets once a week at its tying and packing place working 
from 8 to 9 130 a. m. A large table for the flowers to be shaken upon 
for arranging, scissors, and raffia are all that is needed, but a few stools 
are very much to be desired. It is well to have this gathering place 
near the station (in Haverford they have the use of a small express 
office), as clusters or baskets of flowers can be deposited by motors, 
left by people hurrying for trains, or passed quickly out by residents 
of other towns, during the few moments that the train stops. 

A word on the practical method of preparation: As the flowers 
must be ready so early, it is well to pick them late the evening before 
and let them stand in a bucket of water out of doors to "harden." 
They transport much better. Also the pungent and useful marigold 
loses much of its odor when so treated. Small flowers like pansies, 
violets, daisies, sweet peas, and the brittle nasturtium if tied in loose 
clusters when picked can be safely handled and made into bouquets 
by one person. Even if you have only a few blossoms, send them. 
They are all welcome to the Mission folk and doubly so to the poor 
recipients in hot alleys, stifling rooms, or hospital wards. There are 
many flowers to be gathered in the fields and many children bring 
them to us as their contribution. I have always thought that this 
should be encouraged quite as much for the sake of the more fortunate 
child who gathers and gives of its abundance as for the waif who 
receives. Small contributors often appear with a tightly clutched, 



short-stemmed handful of assorted varieties or a bunch of radishes 
from their own gardens. 

Here is another branch of the service — fruit and vegetables, the 
overflow from our abundant store, or the product of a garden whose 
owner is away for a few weeks. Vegetables often considered too tough 
for use, squash, beans, corn, or egg-plant, are eagerly fought for. 
The Italians have a perfect passion for the mature cucumber which 
they fry in large quantities and feed to the entire family. 

As local conditions always differ, it is impossible to outline any 
plan of organizing, but it has been found advisable to have certain 
members responsible for certain days and to pledge their own workers 
for those days. It is of course, thoroughly understood that anyone 
who has the time to come and tie flowers is more than welcome. 
Flowers are such everyday things to most of us — but just attempt to 
carry some down a crowded tenement street and see if you have the 
heart to have kept one bloom by the time you reach the second corner. 
The persistent cry "Give me a flower, lady" sends one home resolved 
to pick a bigger basketful for the next meeting of the Flower Mission. 

Mary Ellen Wingate Lloyd. 

A Plea for the Wild Flowers 

As is patent to all the world, we in America have ever been a 
prodigal people, wasting the wonderful natural resources of the most 
richly endowed country in the world, until we are brought face to 
face with the fact that we must pause, — and so conservation has 
become a fetish with us, almost a national doctrine. 

There are laws protecting the deer and other game in the moun- 
tains and the brook trout in their spawning season, but there is no 
moral or legal obligation to shield the flowering and fruiting season 
of the wild flowers — many so shy, at best, at reproducing themselves. 

Once these lovely denizens of the woods and swamps are spied 
by the chance pedestrian, their doom is sealed. With an exclamation 
or shriek of delight according to the sex of their discoverer they are 
promptly plucked, sometimes to be preserved in water for a few days, 
but usually to fade in the warm hand that took them from their chosen 
haunt. 

Few people realize that our lovely wild flowers are, in many parts 
of the country, being rapidly exterminated by alleged flower lovers. 
And who living in the vicinity of New York has failed to notice on 
Sunday and holiday afternoons in May, automobiles in a steady 
procession, going toward the city, many of which have their tonneaux 



filled with branches of the lovely Florida dogwood? Soon this 
showy beautifier of our Spring woods will be but a memory. 

Our beautiful cardinal flower, lobelia cardinalis, with which no 
other bloom can vie in vividness of color and charm, is another victim 
of its own beauty. Growing as it does in marshes or the soft soil of 
the water's edge, it is usually pulled up, roots and all, when gathered; 
it too is becoming alarmingly scarce where once its gorgeous spikes 
lent beauty to the late Summer days. 

This humble little article has as its aim the hope that some of 
the Member Clubs of the Garden Club of America may, as part of 
their season's work, create a sentiment in their locality which will 
regulate and influence the ruthless picking of wild flowers. 

Dear Bulletin Readers who are flower lovers and producers of 
such beauty in your own gardens, help keep the world of beauty that 
Nature has produced far beyond the realm of lawn or garden. 

Margaret L. Gage, 
Litchfield Garden Club. 

A Wild Flower Preservation Committee is now being formed with 
Miss Mary Haldane, Ulster Garden Club, Kingston-on-Hudson, 
New York, as chairman. Each member club has been asked to 
appoint a member to serve on this committee and it is hoped that 
much useful activity will result. 

Insect Life with the Flowers 

Having spent the Summer months surrounded by wild-flower 
gardens, I returned to greet prosy Winter, with the meditation that 
it is not enough to know the name of the flower you meet in the 
meadow; there is a scheme of salvation for every species of flower in 
the struggle for survival, that has been slowly perfected, with some 
insect help, through the ages. The little blossom is not a passive 
thing to be simply admired by human eyes, nor does it waste its 
sweetness upon the desert air. It is a sentient thing, acting intelli- 
gently through the same strong desires that animate us. 

" Desire ever creates form." If you doubt it study the mechanism 
of the common Milk Weed which is adjusted with such marvelous 
delicacy to the length of a bee's tongue, or of a butterfly's leg. Learn 
why so many flowers have sticky calices or protective hairs — why 
the purple trillium gives such a disagreeable odor, while other flowers 
charm with their delicate breath. 

Interest should be aroused in flower lovers of this insect world 
of which we know so little. The little Sundew not only catches 
insects but secretes juices to digest them; the pitcher plant, I am 



told, even makes soup of its insect guests whereby she may be 
nourished. In my little experience I have noted that certain plants 
attract but gnats and flies, while others attract bees, butterflies, 
moths or humming birds. 

How plants travel; how they send seeds abroad in the World to 
found new colonies might be studied by "expansionists" with profit. 

Dr. Springle asserts that vice and virtue live side by side in the 
vegetable world, and that every sinner is branded as surely as was 
Cain. The Dodder, for instance, although claiming rather exalted 
kinfolk, is not far above the fungi on the family tree. 

Do we realize that it is the night-flying moth that we may thank 
for our deep Easter Lily? 

The little humble bee depends entirely upon flowers for its food 
and for the food of future generations. They are the most diligent 
of all visitors and are rarely diverted from one species of flower to 
another while on their rounds, collecting nectar and pollen, and are 
really the most important of all fertilizing agents. It has been said 
that should they perish most of our flowers would perish with them. 
Australian farmers imported clover from Europe, but the failure to 
import the little bumble bee, resulted in no seed for the next year's crop. 

Josephine Blauvelt, 
The Garden Club of Michigan. 

An Opportunity 

The department of our government naturally most interesting 
to Garden Clubs is that of agriculture and especially the Division 
of the Bureau of Plant Industry. Here a delightful paternalism is 
in operation, bringing every effort to bear in adding vegetation of 
beauty and economic value to our flora and also in improving the 
native stocks. The recent success of Mr. Coville, Government 
Botanist, in increasing the size of the blueberry to that of the cran- 
berry and encouraging its growth in acid, sandy soils where few plants 
yielding food flourish, is an example of the latter statement. 

For years the United States government has kept its agricultural 
explorers in the field, seeking new plants of economic value. Mr. 
F. N. Meyer, who has recently returned, has been nine years search- 
ing the wilds of western China, Turkestan, Manchuria, Korea, and 
the borderlands of Thibet, and many useful and beautiful plants have 
been discovered by him. 

This brings us to the department of "Foreign Seed and Plant 
Introduction," where a warm greeting awaits the Garden Club because 
the officials feel the need of just such clubs. Numbers of small 



plants are always on hand, raised in the government green houses 
but as yet quite unknown in regard to their behavior under different 
conditions of climate and soil. Mr. Peter Bisset, Bureau of Plant 
Industry, Washington, D. C, will send a list of the species on hand 
and an experimenter's card giving directions, and will cordially 
welcome co-operation. Since these plants must be grown by individ- 
uals before they can become a practical asset to the inhabitants of 
this country, the members of the Garden Club will be doing a valu- 
able patriotic work. 

Mr. Robert A. Young, an enthusiastic specialist, will not ask 
you to grow vegetables but to eat them and cry his wares for him. 
The dasheen, eaten for hundreds of years by millions of people in the 
Orient and proven to be very digestible and nutritious, is now being 
grown through our Southern lands and is ready for the market. 
Mr. Young will give the address of growers on application and also 
send pamphlets of recipes. The delicious flavor of the Japanese 
vegetable, Udo, the delicate taste of the Chinese cabbage, and the 
healthful properties of unmilled rice are among his recent discoveries. 
The address, Bureau of Plant Industry, will reach him, and his 
answer to inquiries is sure to be full of interest and of value. 

Anne MacIlvaine. 
Garden Club of Trenton. 

A Swimming Pool and its Setting 
Living as we do on the banks of Lake Erie, a swimming pool 
sounds the most unnecessary of luxuries, but we found to our keen 
disappointment that bathing in the lake was out of the question, ow- 
ing to the sewerage and dirt which are swept down the shore from 
Cleveland. On mentioning the subject of a pool to the architect and 
builder, they vaguely hinted at unspeakable difficulties — quicksand 
and solid concrete foundations thirteen feet in thickness, etc. The 
vision faded as the expense grew, but the grading for the terraces 
facing the lake was being done by a contractor whose specialty was 
concrete tanks and bridges, and during some conversation relative 
to the work on the retaining walls he told of a small reservoir he had 
recently built on the slope of a hill, which had cost between four and 
five hundred dollars. Our hopes rose once more, and, after careful 
figuring, he guaranteed to build us a swimming pool thirty feet long 
by fifteen feet wide, eight feet deep at one end and three at the other, 
for four or five hundred dollars. The draining was comparatively 
simple, the lake being only thirty feet away. It was built in a few 
weeks of solid reinforced concrete, twelve inches thick and painted 
with cement paint a dazzling white. The actual cost was $550. 



The maintenance consists of an occasional coat of paint, a cover in 
winter and a weekly change of water, the last being imperative, 
since the absolute cleanliness of the white bottom is its great beauty. 

The pool is set in the center of a formal blue and white garden. 
At each end a white pergola shelters a seat. Over these grow blue 
and white wistaria vines. The beds are simply a setting for the pool 
and follow its general outline. The whole garden lies twenty-five 
feet below the house, can be seen from the windows and is the most 
interesting thing on the place. 

The planting presented great difficulties. The northern exposure 
of the garden permits the spray and the cutting, driving winds from 
the lake to sweep it from October to May, and in summer the blazing 
sun makes it dreadfully hot, even on a moderately warm day. All 
tall, weak-stemmed plants had to be abandoned and many others 
were not sufficiently hardy. The following plants are proving suc- 
cessful: blue anchusa, both dark and light; forget-me-nots; salvia 
azurea; plumbago Larpente, and the low belladonna delphinium, with 
scillas for spring. White: madonna lilies; English and Japanese iris, 
and the following varieties of phlox: Miss Lingard, Mrs. Jenkins and 
Von Lassburg. The seeds of the annual Empress candytuft and nigella 
were scattered among the iris and scillas, and these, with a few aster 
plants, have made a mass of bloom all summer. 

Jessica McMurray, 
Garden Club of Cleveland. 

Book Reviews 

Under the headings of "Rural Textbook Series" and "Rural 
Science Series," Luther H. Bailey is editing and Macmillan is publish- 
ing a number of books valuable in country life, whether professional 
or amateur. 

"The Principles of Plant Culture," by the late E. S. Goff, revised 
by J. G. Moore and L. R. Jones, is at once simple and thoroughly 
scientific. From gardening as a science to gardening as an art is not 
so far a cry as one might think, and the habit of close observation is 
the best training for either. A study of the principles of plant life 
not only tells us what to do and how to do it, but explains why to 
do it, changing our experimental method . into a logical one. A 
reference to this book will teach and explain almost all the processes 
used in gardening. Most artistic gardeners have already come to 
understand that success means scientific work. 

A second volume in the Rural Science Series is "Subtropical 
Vegetable Gardening," by P. H. Rolfs, which is the result of observa- 
tion at the Experimental Station of Florida. 



E. P. Dutton and Co.'s "Garden and Farm Almanac" is a real 
vade mecum for the countryman, packed with useful information and 
suggestions, with estimates of the cost of farm and garden opera- 
tions; containing a number of blueprints of plans for planting grounds 
and gardens, and for buildings as well. Price 25 cents. 

Mary Anderson. 
Garden Club of Michigan. 

The American Rose Annual 

Indispensable to the rose-grower, even on the smallest scale, is 
the first Rose Annual just issued by the American Rose Society. 
Its editor, Mr. J. Horace McFarland, has gathered within its pages 
valuable information on every aspect of rose culture. The many 
articles are by well-known rosarians and cover climatic conditions 
from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and from the Great Lakes to the 
Gulf. Especially useful are the sections "Getting Better Roses" 
and "Enemies of the Rose." There are interesting accounts of the 
various experimental rose gardens and of recent American rose intro- 
ductions. 

The Annual is supplied to all members of the American Rose 
Society. Others may obtain it by sending Si. 00 for Associate Mem- 
bership to B. Hammond, Secretary, Beacon, N. Y. 

The Mary Frances Garden Book 

By Jane Eayre Fryer. Price $1.50. The John C. Winston Com- 
pany, Philadelphia. 

This is one of the few really interesting garden books that has 
appeared in this day of many but doubtfully useful garden books. 
It is designed to give to a child its first lessons in gardening. This 
it does so wisely and well that it beguiles grown-up gardeners, making 
them realize suddenly that in their search for more complicated know- 
ledge they have overlooked fundamentals. It is perfectly simple, 
perfectly direct, and perfectly charming. 

If you have no children, get it for yourself. Its simple formulae 
stick in the mind and its definite explanations leave no vagueness of 
detail. K. L. B. 



A Protest 

Contracts have been let and work begun on a Central Heating, 
Lighting and Power Plant to be built in Washington on Washington 
Channel and Fourteenth Street. 



Write at once to 

The American Institute of Architects 

The Octagon, Washington, D. C. 

Ask them to send to you a pamphlet giving all the details of this 
outrageous project. 

Are you willing to see the Washington Plan ruined, the Washington 
Monument flanked by twin smoke stacks two hundred feet tall and 
sixteen feet in diameter, the Capitol overshadowed by such unneces- 
sary ugliness? 

The following paragraphs tell you what you can and should do. 
Surely this is a time when the Garden Club of America should bring 
all possible influence to bear. 

" Public sentiment will prove the greatest factor in making visible 
the handwriting on the wall, and we therefore urge you — after a 
careful study of the facts we herewith present — to write or wire or 
both to the President of the United States, your two Senators and the 
Representative from your district, that, you vigorously protest 
against proceeding with construction of the power plant on a site to 
which experts in all qualified callings have taken exception. Even 
if, in the interim, the resolution should be defeated, do not cease 
activities which eventually must win. 

Do not postpone this action nor consider that your co-operation 
will not count. It will, when exercised in the light of knowledge of 
the situation; and we who are giving our disinterested service in your 
behalf have the right to ask that you support us in a crisis which 
involves the future of your Washington. 

The American Institute of Architects." 

The Editor. 

Notes 

The Garden Club of Princeton will hold its Second Annual Flower 
Market at Thompson Hall Park, on Thursday, May 8th, from eleven 
to seven o'clock. The result of last year's market is a School Gardener 
or Horticulturalist, and the proceeds this year will be devoted to 
making this arrangement permanent. 



The Rose Garden of Admiral and Mrs. Aaron Ward will again be 
shown in June at "Willowmere," Roslyn, Long Island, for the benefit 
of the American Ambulance Hospital at Neuilly, France. 

Last year Admiral Ward offered bis garden for this cause, and the 
proceeds of the entertainment paid for an ambulance, which he named 
in memory of Claude Pernet, the son of the famous rosarian in Lyons, 
who was killed in battle. 

Although the rose fete last year was not widely announced, there 
were 1200 people who took advantage of the opportunity to see 
Admiral Ward's famous roses. This year they will be shown on 
Thursday, June 8th, from three to six o'clock, and during the after- 
noon Mr. E. H. Wilson of the Arnold Arboretum will deliver a special 
lecture on the hybridization of roses. 

In case of rain, exhibition will be postponed until the following day . 

Tickets of admission, Si. 00, can be obtained from Mrs. Robert 
Bacon, Westbury, Long Island, or at "Willowmere," Roslyn, Long 
Island. 

Under the auspices of the Garden Club of Cincinnati, Mrs. Francis 
King gave a lecture on "Color in the Flower Garden" on April 5th. 

Early in April this Club opened a distributing station, from which 
in two days many thousand Crimson Rambler plants were sold at the 
nominal price of ten cents each. 

Mrs. Albert Krippendorf is chairman of the Garden Extension 
Committee. 

Mrs. Herbert W. Hamlin has originated a well-planned Garden 
Record Book which might be of interest to Garden Club members. 
It is arranged to cover a period of five years and is practical and 
convenient. Copies may be had from Mrs. Hamlin, Greenwich, Conn. 



Excerpts from a Letter 

Just Received from Mrs. Walter S. Millard 

The Ridge, Malabar Hill, Bombay, India 

"I five in hope that we may still start such a thing (a Garden Club) 
in Bombay, but it is impossible until the war is over. All our thoughts 
and work are given over to war and what we can do for the poor 
wounded, etc., and how we wish it would come to an end, and have 
peace once more." 



"Our garden here is lovely just now. I wish you could see it. 
The Poinsettias have never been finer, and now the annuals are 
appearing. How splendid to think the gloriosa superba is good. 
Ours won't bloom until after the rain." 

"I am keeping up the interest for gardening amongst the Indian 
ladies in the hope of later starting a club, but at present they are all 
working at relief work, and splendidly too." 



The Women's National Agricultural and Horticultural Associa- 
tion has recently opened a reading room in connection with its office 
at 600 Lexington Avenue, corner of 52nd Street. Here a wide selec- 
tion of garden books and seed catalogues has been placed on exhibit, 
and may be purchased or ordered through the office at regular book- 
sellers' prices. 

Mrs. Bang's valuable pamphlet on "How to Form a Garden 
Club," price 25 cents, and the Association's Members' Garden Post- 
cards are also on sale, and a list of lectures on garden topics may be 
obtained on application to the Secretary. 

The room is attractively furnished, and is an ideal place in which 
to look over garden books in comfort and at leisure. A cordial 
invitation is extended to the members of the Garden Club of America 
to make use of it. 



The Woman's National Agricultural and Horticultural Association 
held a most interesting conference of its western members on April 
12th, 13th, and 14th in Chicago. 

The attendance was large and great enthusiasm was apparent. 
Many valuable papers were read, and the discussions were helpful 
and inspiring. 



Hollyhock Rust Remedies 

The potassium permanganate solution for hollyhock rust is as 
follows : 

Potassium permanganate 1 part 

Soap 2 parts 

Water 100 parts 

On account of its expense this preparation can be profitably used 
only on greenhouse or a limited number of garden plants. 



Bordeaux mixture is the preparation usually recommended for 
controlling this disease, but entirely satisfactory results have not 
always followed its use. The modified Bordeaux known as 5-5-50 
is the one to be used in this case, the formula being — 

Copper sulphate 5 pounds 

Lime 5 pounds 

Water to make 50 gallons 

One experienced gardener has recently reported that spraying the 
plants with a weak solution of Cabot's sulpho-naphthol will keep the 
rust in check. — From The American Florists. 

Window Boxes 

A very successful planting for window boxes and one which will 
last for several years and require very little care is English ivy, 
euonymus and Jerusalem cherry. Make the boxes so they can be 
detached from the house and carried away in the fall and put in a 
cellar or pit for the winter. Place in the bottom of the boxes some 
broken flower pots then good soil. For a four-foot box provide three 
Jerusalem cherries (in six-inch pots), five English ivy and one euony- 
mus. These plants require little watering. After frost put the boxes 
in a pit or cellar. They require no watering during the winter. 
About the first of April take them out. Pick off all rusty leaves and 
cultivate the soil. Water them with Bordeaux mixture. One week 
later water with manure water. About May 1st water again with 
manure water. 

These window boxes if thus taken care of will last for years. 
They do not require the daily watering as more delicate flowers do. 
It is always difficult to get fine bloom and harmonious color effects 
in window boxes. What could be more restful and charming than 
dark green masses in good order? Virginia E. Verplanck. 

The Flower Shows 

The National Flower Show held in Philadelphia the week of 
March 27 th and the International Flower Show in New York from 
April 5th to 12th were both very beautiful and very successful. 

Perhaps the most interesting and certainly the loveliest of the 
Philadelphia exhibits was a beautifully arranged group of acacias, 
shown by Thomas Roland of Nahant, Mass. There were perhaps 
twenty-five varieties, all charming. The entire exhibition it is said 
was purchased by Mr. Widener, and part of it will be presented to the 
city of Philadelphia. 



Another well arranged exhibit was Dreer's Rose Garden, filled 
with wonderfully grown roses in numberless varieties. 

Mrs. Scott's arrangement of potted plants was unusually pretty. 

The rock gardens were one of the attractive features of the New 
York Show and there were many exquisitely arranged private exhibits, 
of which there were few in Philadelphia. 

At neither show were any startling novelties shown, but both were 
most interesting. The New York exhibit was the larger and more 
elaborate. The attendance at both was very large, an evidence of 
the constantly increasing interest in gardens and gardening. 

Report of the Committee Appointed to 

Collect the Names of Special Plant Societies of 

America and their Secretaries 

American Carnation Society. A. F. J. Bauer, Secretary, Indian- 
apolis, Ind. 

American Dahlia Society. Joseph J. Lane, Secretary, n West 
Thirty-second Street, New York. 

National Dahlia Society. R. W. Gill, Secretary, Portland, Ore. 

American Gladiolus Society. Henry Youell, Secretary, Syracuse, 
New York. 

American Paeony Society. A. B. Saunders, Secretary, Clinton, 
New York. 

American Rose Society. B. Hammond, Secretary, Fishkill, New 
York. 

American Sweet Pea Society. H. A. Bunyard, Secretary, 40 
West Twenty-eighth Street, New York. 

Chrysanthemum Society of America. C. W. Johnson, Secretary, 
Morgan Park, 111. Anne T. Stewart, Chairman. 

Short Hills Garden Club. 

Important 

Loose-leaf books for garden records, of the size approved by the 
Garden Club of America, can be purchased through the Bulletin for 
$2.25 each. This price includes 100 filler sheets. Extra filler sheets 
can be purchased for 50 cents a hundred. The index adds 50 cents 
to the price of the book. 

At the Executive Committee Meeting, held in Philadelphia on 
March 29th, this book was exhibited and favorably discussed. 

Mr. Clarke, of the Garden Club of Lenox, has an interesting plan 
for keeping garden records. He and Mrs. Hibbard of the Garden 
Club of Illinois, who arranged the loose-leaf book for that Club, were 



appointed a committee to formulate some definite recording plan 
for the Garden Club of America. Whatever system they recommend 
will be adapted to use with these ledgers and filler sheets. 

The price mentioned above is very low, and all Garden Club 
members who wish ledgers are asked to order them through the 
Bulletin. The editor can supply them immediately. Please send 
your check with your order. 

Since the Annual Meetings of Member Clubs are not held with 
any uniformity, no fist of officers can be printed that will be correct 
for an entire year. It is therefore thought best to publish a list of 
presidents and secretaries twice each year. 

Albemarle Garden Club, Virginia. 

President: Mrs. Samuel H. Marshall, Simeon P. 0., Charlottes- 
ville, Va. 
Corresponding Secretary: Mrs. Russell Bradford, Wyndover, 
University of Virginia, Va. 

Amateur Gardeners' Club, Baltimore, Maryland. 

President: Miss Elizabeth L. Clark, 1025 No. Calvert St. 
Baltimore, Md. 

Secretary: Miss Margaretta Poe, 1204 North Charles St., Balti- 
more, Md. 

Garden Club oe Ann Arbor, Michigan. 

President: Dr. A. S. Warthin, Ferndon Road, Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Secretary: Miss Annie Condon, 920 So. University Ave., Ann 
Arbor, Mich. 

The Bedford Garden Club 

President: Mrs. Arthur Scribner, Mt. Kisco, N. Y., and 39 East 

67th St., New York City. 
Secretary: Miss Evelyn Leonard, Mt. Kisco, N. Y., and 243 East 

17th St., New York City. 

Garden Club oe Cincinnati, Ohio 

President: Mrs. Samuel Ff. Taft, Morrison Avenue, Clifton, 

Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Secretary: Mrs. Glendenning Groesbeck, Elmhurst, East Walnut 
Hills, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

The Garden Club oe Cleveland, Ohio 

President: Mrs. John E. Newell, West Mentor, Ohio. 
Secretary: Mrs. W. M. Clapp, 1928 East 82nd Street, Cleveland, 
Ohio. 



The East Hampton Garden Club, New York 

President: Mrs. Lorenzo E. Woodhouse, East Hampton, L. I., 

N. Y., and 635 Park Avenue, New York City. 
Secretary: Mrs. C. Wheaton Vaughan, East Hampton, L. I., 

N. Y., and 105 East 53rd Street, New York City. 

The Gardeners of Montgomery and Delaware Counties, 
Pennsylvania 
President: Mrs. William H. Hughes, Bryn Mawr, Pa. 
Secretary: Miss Elizabeth Williams, Haverford, Pa. 

The Green Spring Valley Garden Club, Maryland 

President: Miss Fannie McLane, Garrison Post Office, Baltimore 

Ct., Md. 
Secretary: Mrs. George Ward, Owings Mills, Baltimore Ct.,Md. 

The Garden Club of Harford County, Maryland. 

President: Mrs. Bertram N. Stump, Emmorton, Harford County, 

Md. 
Secretary: Mrs. John L. G. Lee, Bell Air, Md. 

The Garden Club of Orange and Dutchess Counties, N. Y. 
President: Mrs. James Fuller, Warwick, Orange Ct., N. Y. 
Secretary: Mrs. Morris Rutherford, Warwick, N. Y. 

The Garden Club of Illinois 

President: Mrs. William G. Hibbard, Jr., Winnetka, 111., and 

1637 Prairie Avenue, Chicago. 
Secretary: Mrs. Leverett Thompson, Lake Forest, 111. 

The Garden Club of Lawrence, L. L, New York 

President: Mrs. George W. Wickersham, Cedarhurst, L. I. 
Secretary: Mrs. Henry 0. Chapman, Woodmere, L. I. 

The Garden Club of Lenox, Massachusetts 

President: Thomas Shields Clarke, Esq., "Fernbrook," Lenox, 

Mass., and 7 West 43d Street, New York. 
Secretary: Mrs. F. C. Barlow, Lenox, Mass., and 47 East 64th 

Street, New York City. 

The Litchfield Garden Club, Litchfield, Connecticut 

President: Mrs. S. E. Gage, West Morris, Conn., and 309 San- 
ford Avenue, Flushing, N. Y. 
Secretary: Mrs. Henry S. Munroe, Litchfield, Conn., and 118 
West 72nd Street, New York City. 



The Garden Club of Michigan 

President: Mrs. Benjamin S. Warren, Grosse Pointe Shores, 

Mich. 
Secretary: Mrs. Frederic Towle, The Witherell Apartments, 

Detroit, Mich. 

The Millbrook Garden Club, New York 

President: Mrs. H. R. McLane, Millbrook, New York. 
Secretary: Miss Elizabeth Lamont, Millbrook, New York, and 
2 West 53rd Street, New York City. 

The Garden Club of Orange and Dutchess Counties, New 
York 

The Garden Association in Newport, Rhode Island 

President: Rev. Dr. Roderick Terry, Old Beach Road, Newport, 

R.I. 
Secretary: Miss Dorothea M. Watts, Linden Gate, Newport, R. I. 

The North Country Garden Club Long Island, New York 
President: Mrs. F. N. Doubleday, Effendi Hill, Oyster Bay, N. Y. 
Secretary: Mrs. Frederick B. Pratt, 229 Clinton Avenue, Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

The Garden Club of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

President: Mrs. J. Willis Martin, Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia. 
Secretary: Miss Ernestine A. Goodman, Chestnut Hill, Phila- 
delphia. 

The Garden Club of Princeton, New Jersey 

President: Mrs. Archibald D. Russell, Princeton, N. J., and 34 

East 36th Street, New York City. 
Secretary: Miss Jessie Frothingham, Princeton, N. J. 

The Rldgefield Garden Club, Connecticut 
President: Mrs. A. Barton Hepburn. 
Secretary: Mrs. George H. Newton. 

The Rye Garden Club 

President: Mrs. Everett L. Crawford, Port Chester, N. Y. 
Secretary: Miss Anna M. Carrere, "Red Oaks" White Plains, 
N. Y., and 471 Park Avenue, New York City. 



The Garden Club of Somerset Hills, New Jersey 

President: Mrs. Francis G. Lloyd, Bernardsville, N. J., and 157 

E. 71 St., New York City. 
Secretary: Mrs. George R. Mosle, Gladstone, N. J., and 929 Park 

Ave., New York City. 

The Garden Club of Southampton, Long Island 

President: Mrs. Thomas H. Barber, Southampton, Long Island, 

N. Y. 
Secretary: Mrs. E. S. Twining, 54 East 52nd Street, New York 

City. 

The Short Hills Garden Club 

President: Mrs. Edward Brevoort Renwick, Short Hills, N. J. 
Secretary: Mrs. Charles H. Stout, Short Hills, N. J., and 20 East 
66th Street, New York City. 

The Garden Club of Trenton, New Jersey 

President: Mrs. Frederick A. C. Perrine, 413 W. State St., Tren- 
ton, N. J. 
Secretary: Miss Anne Macllvaine, 154 W. State St., Trenton, 
N.J. . 

The Garden Club of Twenty 

President: Mrs. W. Champlin Robinson, Lutherville P. O., Md., 

and n East Chase St., Baltimore. 
Secretary: Mrs. W. Irvin Keyser, Stevenson P. O., Baltimore 
County, Md. 

The Ulster Garden Club, Ulster County, New York 

President: Mrs. John D. Schoonmaker, 124 West Chestnut 

St., Kingston, N. Y. 
Secretary: Miss Mary H. Haldane, The Huntington, Kingston, 

N. Y. 

The Warrenton Garden Club, Virginia 

President: Mrs. Harry C. Groome, Warrenton, Va. 
Secretary: Miss Isabelle Van MeterGaskins, Warrenton, Va. 

The Weeders, Pennsylvania 

President: Mrs. J. Howard Rhoads, Bala, Pa. 
Secretary: Miss Annie J. Pugh, Overbrook, Pa. 

An effort has been made to have this list exact in all particulars 
but as some of the Clubs have failed to verify names and addresses of 
officers the Bulletin must not be held responsible for inaccuracies. 



CHESTER JAY HUNT 

LITTLE FALLS, NEW JERSEY 

SPRING-FLOWERING BULBS, 
including many exclusive offerings in 
Tulips and Daffodils. The Blue 
Book of Bulbs will be sent you on request. 

C. G. van Tubergen, Jr., fcifind 

Grower of Choice Bulbs 

E. J. KRUG, Sole Agent 

112 Broad Street New York 

Bulbs imported direct from Holland for customers. 
No supply kept here. Catalogue quoting prices 
in Nurseries in Haarlem — free on application. 

A New Type of Aster 

THE ALICE DON 

The largest in existence in two colors. Pink 
30c per pkt. White 35c— 2 pkts. 50c. Send 
for our new Garden Book. It is full of help- 
ful suggestions for the garden lover, free. 

WEEBER & DON 

1 1 4 Chambers Street New York 

Label Your Roses and Plants 

DO NOT FORGET THEIR NAMES 

Simplex Weatherproof Labels are 
Permanent 

Easily marked and inexpensive. Plant labels with 

wires. Garden labels on stakes. 

Write for Prices 

STEWART & CO., 3 Cortlandt St., New York 

GALLOWAY POTTERY 

will give new charm to your garden. 

Send for Catalogue of Artistic Flower 
Pots, Jars, Vases, Bird Fonts, Sun-dials, 
Benches and other beautiful pieces. 

Galloway Terra Cotta Company 
3236 Walnut Street Philadelphia 

PLANTS and BULBS 

* FOR SPRING PLANTING 
List now ready. General Catalogue of the 
cream of Dutch Bulbs and choicest Peren- 
nials for Autumn to follow later. May we 
send them? 

FRANKEN BROTHERS 
Box 513 Deerfield, Illinois 



THREE VALUABLE PREPARATIONS 
FOR THE GARDEN 

HERICIDE. the weed exterminator. Destroys tops and roots 
of weeds of every kind. May be used, with special "appara'us, 
to destroy dandelions in lawns. READFANA, Rose Bust ex- 
terminator. Effective insecticide that is harmless to most de- 
licate flowers and foliage. ELECTRIC Worm Eradicator 
Clears the roots of worms and grubs of every kind. 
All preparations to be used in small proportion with water. Your 
seedsman will supply you. We will gladly send literature. 

THE READ MFG. CO., 1021 Grand St., Hoboken, N.J. 

PHOTOGRAPHS IN COLOR 

of GARDENS 

MISS FRANCES BENJAMIN JOHNSTON 
MRS. MATTIE EDWARDS HEWITT 

536 Fifth Avenue New York 

Write for Terms and Particulars 

Garden Benches, plain or elaborate, made after English de- 
signs. Also Chairs, Tables, Arches and Treillage. Seat shown 
(5 ft), in cypress, unpainted $24.00. Plain Benches from 
f 12.00 Other prices, all low, on 
application. Best materials used. 
Photographs furnished. We 
also work from cuts and draw- 
ings. Write to 

The Garden 

Furniture Company 

Alma, Michigan 

JOHN H. HUTAFF, Inc. 

Interior Decorations 

Antique and Modern Garden 
Ornaments 




101 Park Avenue 



New York 



Scheeper's Highest Quality Bulbs 

Exclusively used by Principal Prize Win- 
ners at International Flower Show. Club 
orders enjoy discount if received before 
July first. 

JOHN SCHEEPER'S & CO. 

Flower Bulb Specialists 

2 Stone Street New York 



FERDINAND KELLER 

2 1 6 S. Ninth St. Philadelphia 

Italian Marbles for Gardens. 
Genuine Antique Period Fur- 
niture. Importer and Dealer 
in Foreign and Domestic 
Antiques. 




All advertisements endorsed by members of the GARDEN CLUB OF AMERICA 
In writing to Advertisers kindly refer to the Bulletin 






I 



Bulletin of 

Zhe <3arfcen Club 

of Emerica 

July, 1916 No. XV 

President Vice-Presidents 

MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN ,,_„ 4 ,,-„„, A T ^ ~ t, T tcctttt 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia mrs - ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 

Treasurer Princeton, New Jersey 

MRS. H. D. AUCHINCLOSS MRS BEN j AMIN FAIRCHILD 

33 Sectary New m ^ord, New York 

MRS. BAYARD' H^NRY MRS. FRANCIS KING 

Germantown, Philadelphia Alma, Michigan 
Librarian 

MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia Lake Forest, Illinois 

Editor 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

Lake Forest, Illinois, and 1220 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago 



The objects of this association shall be: to stimulate the knowledge and love of gardening among 
amateurs; to share the advantages of association, through conference and correspondence in this 
country and abroad; to aid in the protection of native plants and birds; and to encourage civic planting. 



"That is the sort of person one enjoys taking round — the man 
(or woman) who, loving gardens, would go any distance to see one; 
who comes to appreciate, and compare, and admire; who has a garden 
of his own that he lives in and loves; and whose talk and criticisms 
are as dew to the thirsty gardening soul, all too accustomed in this 
respect to droughts. He knows as well as I do, what patience, what 
study and watching, what laughter at failures, what fresh starts with 
undiminished zeal, and what bright unalterable faith are represented 
by the flowers in my garden. He knows what I have done for it, 
and he knows what it has done for me, and how it has been, and will 
be more and more a place of joys, a place of lessons, a place of health, 
a place of miracles, and a place of sure and never changing peace." 

— From "A Solitary Summer" by the author of 
"Elizabeth and her German Garden." 



"Discontent in a Garden" 

We have always considered gardeners, as a class, genial if anx- 
ious. Now suddenly appears, in the Atlantic Monthly for June, a 
searing commentary called "Discontent in a Garden." 

The gentleman author, for his words and manner betoken a mascu- 
line superiority of the old school, claims that he has lived many years 
and finds amateur gardeners utterly lacking in faith and charity 
but largely endowed with hope. We admit that hope must spring 
eternal but we deny that all are sordid and suspicious, crabbed and 
dissatisfied. 

Says this gentleman assertively, "Intelligence, however, is not a 
quality to be looked for a priori in a gardener." He then goes on to 
complain that "Often have I welcomed a roomful of visitors and 
launched them into spirit-warming talk, only to have them, at some 
unguarded allusion, make for the open, demanding the titles of the 
lady-roses at the windows and pressing on into the private life of the 
spinach and the cucumber — conversation that leaves me out in the 
cold, for not even appendicitis can produce the clacking congeniality 
of comparing flower beds." Might it be that our critic's idea of 
" spirit- warming talk" drives even non-gardeners into the open? 
Could it be that even the private affairs of spinach are interesting in 
comparison? He speaks of a lust for fertilizers. Surely the topic 
is not less delicate than a discussion of appendicitis. 

"I have noted with pain," says he, "the subtle disintegration of 
mind and character which awaits those addicted to horticulture — 
the sanest become superstitious." Since when has a mild faith in the 
new moon's power or the incoming of spring been a sign of mental and 
moral degeneracy? A poetic fancy and superstition frequently go 
hand in hand, and gardeners must be fanciful to cope with hard 
fact. 

His last and most baleful accusation is this: "A love of gardening 
is the root of still another evil: misanthropy. Gardeners become 
suspicious of even their nearest and dearest; they bring monstrous 
accusations, charging them with rolling upon the asparagus bed, with 
blighting the strawberry blossoms, with devouring a ten-foot row of 
young onions." Emphatically, for our craft and for our kind, we 
deny it. Undoubtedly, disagreeable people are sometimes interested 
in gardens (there is one who isn't) and apparently it is in the midst 
of these our critic fives. Probably he has a hobby which leaves un- 
touched his family and friends. Surely he resents an interest else- 
where. 



We have never been able to decide which is cause and which effect, 
but either a love of gardens makes people charming or charming 
people love gardens. What strange anomalies surround our gentle- 
man that he has not discovered this? Can it be that he looks too 
much within? 

We admit that "discontent in a garden" is an apt and telling 
phrase, but we claim that the discontent is divine. 

Gardeners Good and Bad 

-Reprinted from The London Times of March 28, 1916 

Some bad gardeners are so charming that no one could wish them 
better. Nothing thrives in their garden, but they are always happy 
with thinking how beautiful their plants would be if they did thrive. 
Often they grow only new, rare, or difficult plants, and, if some of 
these live through the summer, they are proud of their success. 
They assume that mortality must always be very high in gardens. 
They are like the lady who said that she had had eleven children and 
buried eight of them. No death-rate discourages them; and they are 
not even discouraged by the spectacle of universally ailing vegetation. 
If a plant seems to be dying, they will take it up and divide it and 
replant it elsewhere. Then, when it dies, they make a note that it 
dislikes disturbance. So it does, when moribund; but it also seems to 
dislike whatever treatment they give it. Why, one cannot say; 
for they take pains enough, more pains than most good gardeners; 
probably they are too fond of gardening to succeed with it. 

It is art for art's sake with them; and they are almost glad when a 
plant dies so that they may have the pleasure of planting another in 
its place. Spring is their happiest time, for then they can plant reck- 
lessly and dream of their summer paradise of flowers. The one 
thing they cannot do is to leave their plants alone, and plants do like 
to be left alone some of the time. But one cannot think of these 
gardeners as plant murderers, although they kill so many with kind- 
ness. They are so happy if a plant lives for six months with them; 
they are so ready to give away any plant of theirs which is not obviously 
dying; and so full of generous wonder at the simple successes of other 
gardeners who leave their plants to grow. 

But there are other bad gardeners whom one cannot like, whose 
failures indeed give one pleasure. There is the bad gardener who seems 
to be the greatest of all gardeners until one sees his garden. You 
cannot mention any plant that you have failed to grow but he will 
tell you that it is a weed with him. Often he is very great at names; 



according to him every plant is wrongly named and no one knows the 
right name except himself. If ever you mention a plant he will in- 
terrupt you to tell you that you have probably named it wrongly. 
The real plant of that name is "not in commerce," but it is growing in 
his garden. In fact he is always talking a kind of scandal about plants, 
and he makes you feel that gardening is all a matter of labels, as it 
often is with him. For, if he has the label right, he does not mind 
much what happens to the plant. It shall at any rate die under its 
right name and be authenticated by its tombstone. One would 
not mind this foible about names if he were not so inordinately 
proud of it; if he did not make one feel that gardening was an arid 
business which no one understood but himself, and which was not 
worth understanding. His very plants seem to resent the ugliness of 
his mind, for he too usually has a "buy-and-die" garden and nothing 
thrives with him but liver-wort, which he will probably tell you is 
wrongly named. 

Very likely he is really learned about plants with a perverse, 
Teutonic learning, or he may have strong views about the art of 
garden design. No one in Europe, he will say, knows what a garden is : 
you must go to Japan to see gardens. Or if you have been to Japan, 
you must go to Kamschkatka, or at any rate somewhere wmere you 
have not been. For his one real interest in gardening is to make out 
that other gardeners are wrong, whatever they know or do. If they 
grow their plants well, they name them wrongly or arrange them 
wrongly. He himself can do anything with them except grow them. 
That is denied to him, because he has no love of plants. He may talk 
about their beauty in flowery language, but his language is more 
flowery than his garden. That is always ugly with the ugliness of his 
mind. An egotist cannot have a beautiful garden any more than he 
can have beautiful manners. 

After all, the good gardener is he who has a beautiful garden, even 
if he grows only the easiest plants in it. For it is never easy to have 
a beautiful garden. You cannot do it if you want to excel others in 
growing difficult plants, or if you are eager to follow the latest fashion 
in garden design, or if you care more for the names of plants than the 
plants themselves. That wonderful gift which some gardeners seem 
to have for growing anything is no magic; it comes from the love of 
plants. They think of their plants more than they think of themselves. 
And that other gift for making a garden beautiful is no magic either. 
It comes of loving the garden as well as the plants. If your garden 
is to be well designed, it must be a part of your home to you and not 
merely a plot for growing plants in. You must regard it as a place to 



live in and not as a place to show to other horticulturists. Those 
who would be good gardeners should learn to enjoy their gardens 
and not merely other people's praise of them. 

Communal Forests 

Forest conservation, in its truest sense, is not the prevention of the 
cutting of wood but the effort to grow more wood. Such conserva- 
tion will never be attained in this country until we grow as much wood 
in a single year as we use in a single year. It has not been attained 
in any country and, I believe will not be in this, so long as the poten- 
tial forest lands are owned privately. 

Because of the long time required for forest crops to reach economic 
maturity, personal expenditure in protecting and improving young 
forests, cannot be balanced for many years. For this reason the 
application of modern forestry methods to our denuded and cut-over 
lands is uninviting to the private owner. The experience of the Old 
World, where forestry is on a safe and sure basis, ought to be carefully 
considered in shaping forestry in this country. 

Taking the experience of Europe as a guide, it is my firm belief 
that the measure of our advancement toward forest conservation 
centers in the creation of state and communal forests on an extensive 
scale. 

Twenty per cent of our forests are already publicly owned. Thirty 
states own forests which embrace an area of more that three and 
a half million acres. The idea of publicly owned forests and of con- 
fining such forests to non-arable lands is firmly established in this 
country, but we need to give impetus to the movement and to in- 
crease the present area from two to three times. This increase will 
be most useful if it is in the direction of communal forests, or those 
owned by towns and cities, where they can serve the double purpose 
of recreation and economic use. 

In this day clear vision is demanded for American citizenship — 
foresight that looks into the future and lays foundations that insure 
to posterity a better and more productive country. In looking to 
this better future we are in the truest sense helping ourselves. We 
are releasing our grip on human selfishness and emphasizing the idea 
of national welfare and unselfish patriotism, without which no nation 
can endure. This vision demands that we raise our voices in behalf 
of publicly owned forests. We must support our National Forest 
Service, an efficient sendee, absolutely non-political, which is doing 
great things for the future welfare of the nation. We must endorse 



the idea of State Forests; but, most of all, we must support and be in 
sympathy with town and city forests because these, more than all 
others, can serve the double purpose of economic and aesthetic use. 

How soon and how rapidly our cities and villages will acquire 
nearby areas of idle or non-arable land, depends entirely upon public 
sentiment. In the East, many cities that own municipal water sup- 
plies are purchasing large areas of watershed which are being handled 
as municipal forests. New York, Boston, Hartford, and scores of 
smaller places in the East are yearly planting millions of small trees 
on municipally owned denuded lands, and, during the past few years, 
many New England villages have acquired, by purchase or gift, out- 
lying but accessible tracts for communal forests. These will be de- 
veloped productively and aesthetically like those of Switzerland and 
other European countries. 

Those who are familiar with the Wienerwald, near Vienna, or the 
Sihlwald near Zurich, know something of an ideal municipal forest. 
Daily thousands of people from the nearby cities, wander over the 
tree-clad hills. Splendid roads and trails lead to points of interest. 
At convenient places are excellent but inexpensive inns and automobile 
stages meet trains from the city. As a place of real recreation these 
forests are far more useful than the ordinary park of limited area, 
scattered trees, artificial ponds, caged wild animals, soda-water foun- 
tains, and policemen to keep the public off the grass. 

The outlying city park is a source of large municipal outlay. 
The city forest can be made a source of large municipal income. 
Where non-tillable land can be found it can be purchased for a few 
dollars an acre. If denuded of forest growth, it can be planted at a 
cost not to exceed S15.00 an acre. But the tract of land should be 
large enough to permit of real forest treatment, In the city park, 
stretches of grass are set off by a variety of trees and shrubs, skillfully 
arranged in groups. In the city forest the trees are en masse. A few 
of the most useful species, economically considered, grow in stands. 
There is an unbroken canopy. The ground is covered with moss, ferns, 
and forest litter. It is broken only by roads, trails, and small clearings 
for such buildings as the needs of the public require. Its successful 
management requires the services of a forester or silviculturist in- 
stead of a landscape gardener. With proper management such a 
city forest requires but little expenditure and as time goes on more than 
pays for its maintenance. The gradual removal of large timber will 
be a source of large income. 

It is my hope and expectation that the idea of municipal forests, 
which is so well established in Europe, will find general approval in 



this country. Were our cities and towns thoroughly alive to the im- 
portance of this movement and willing to purchase the necessary 
areas of nearby idle or non-arable land, it would go a long way toward 
solving the problem of forest conservation throughout the country. 
National and state forests are desirable and necessary in every scheme 
of conservation. City and village forests are in many respects, more 
important, because they are accessible and intimately associated with 
the communities that own them. A national forest must necessarily 
be more remote from civilization. 

Located, as they are, within easy reach of large bodies of people, 
municipal forests, aesthetically and economically, meet all the re- 
quirements of true conservation. 

J. W. Toumey, 
Director of the Yale Forest School. 

Mt. Airy Park Forest 

Cincinnati is proud to be the first American city to have a Forest 
Reserve. The Park Board is carrying on the work of reforestation 
in a one-tho.usand acre tract, known as the Mt. Airy Forest. 

The land was purchased at an average cost of $120 per acre, and, 
by judicious selection, it is expected that the size will be increased to 
fifteen hundred acres. 

The purpose is to create a forest park and arboretum, a unique 
undertaking for a municipality. In carrying out this project the 
Park Board has had the constant advice of the Department of 
Agriculture at Washington, together with the services of a landscape 
architect. 

The Mt Airy Forest is a picturesque assortment of hills, valleys, 
streams, woodland and wild landscape, and has been described as a 
magnificent bit of romantic scenery. 

Within two years, more than one million, two hundred thousand 
trees have been planted; tulip, ash, poplar, white oak, European linden, 
and red cedars have been set out in great numbers. There will be 
groups of hemlocks, which are fast becoming extinct in this country, 
maple, birch, pine, and hundreds of other varieties, intermingled in 
such a way as to give the impression of a natural forest, while persim- 
mon, papaw and berries, edible and ornamental, in variety and profu- 
sion, are scattered throughout the planting. 

Across from the main part of the forest is the arboretum — a 
garden in which every known variety of tree which can grow in this 
climate will be found. 



This project has been under way only a short time, but already 
game has begun to appear and song-birds are returning. 

Mt. Airy Forest will be the most striking feature of the Cincinnati 
Park System, and before many of the children now in our Public 
Schools have reached middle life, it is not improbable that the com- 
bined park and forest reservation, on the hills to the northwest of the 
city, will have become famous throughout the country. 

Mabel *B. Taft, 
Cincinnati Garden Club. 

From TJie New York Times 

The national forests turned into the United States Treasury during 
the fiscal year ended June 30, 1915, nearly 82,500,000, an increase of 
more than 840,000 over the previous year. On account of the de- 
pressed condition of the lumber industry, the timber sales, which 
amounted to 81,164,000, yielded 879,000 less, but there were larger 
revenues from other sources. The grazing receipts, which totaled 
Si, 125,000, increased 8127,000, and the water power receipts, which 
amounted to not quite 890,000, increased nearly 842,000. 

The demoralization of the turpentine industry on account of the 
war's curtailment of the naval stores market caused the receipts from 
the sale of turpentining privileges on the national forest reserves to 
drop to about $9,000, as against nearly Si 5,000 last year. 

The Valley Walk 
Furlough Park, County Mayo, Ireland 

The carriage-drive wound through the grounds for almost half 
a mile, part of the way under beautiful tall trees, oak and beech and 
elm, with shrubberies of laurel and rhododendron clustering at their 
feet. 

One of the most picturesque spots on the place was the "Valley 
Walk" or "Alpine Path," as it was variously called, but which was in 
reality a wilful bit of roadway that hated the long gradual sweep 
through the outskirts of the wood. 

It afforded the pedestrian a shorter though not always a quicker 
route to the house, for one was tempted to linger along the cool shaded 
path. 

It started at right angles to the drive, passed lingeringly through 
a well grown shrubbery and paused as if for breath before climbing 
to the high ground which the driveway beyond was quietly reaching 
by slow stages. 



At the pausing-place were rustic fences covered with clematis, 
guarding the unwary from a drop into a deep dell on one side and 
the swampy ground bordering a lake on the other. 

A flight of rustic steps led down into the dell, offering further 
temptation to linger, and it was quite worth while to follow the wind- 
ing of this little valley with the steep rocky banks, tall trees, masses of 
ferns, mossy boulders and wild flowers in their season, such as Anemo- 
nes, Wild Hyacinths, St. John's Wort, Solomon's Seal, Primroses, and 
lovely soft Harebells. 

Each autumn laid a new carpet of leaves, so the "going" was soft, 
and, thanks to the good St. Patrick, no snakes were to be found! 
The place, because of its depth and shade, seemed most remote and 
silent except for the songs of birds, the whisperings of fairies and 
wood sprites, and the occasional scamper of a rabbit or a weazel. 

After a delightful rest one ascended the steps to the level again and 
climbed the last steep stretch of the "Valley Walk," still under tall 
trees, until at last it rejoined the dignified old carriage-drive and ap- 
proached the house with due decorum. 

It was not until there was some trouble with the water supply 
that my relatives thought of mentioning that the "Valley Walk" 
concealed the water pipes which supplied the house from a pumping- 
ram hidden away in another far-off bosky dell. 

Hilda M. -Knott, 

Millbrook Garden Club. 

Garden Living 

Ah me ! the Mallows dead in the garden drear ! 
Ah the green Parsley, the thriving tufts of Dill ! 
These all again shall rise, shall live in the coming year. 

— Moschus. 

This winter morning, I have a beautiful book before me, pictures 
of Gardens in America. Beds of Delphinium and Lilies, Pansies, 
Rhododendrons, Phlox, Hollyhocks against delightful ivy-green 
walls, Roses, Heliotropes, what you will, in the way of flowers. 
Stately managed gardens with clipped evergreens, terraces, 
fountains, steps, and paths; fine vistas of scenery near and distant — 
all that one can imagine as a garden setting. But always one misses 
something. 

In the old steel engravings of "The country-seat of Sir John 
Cominynge, Bart. (County of Wilts.)" Sir John with his Lady and 
her friends, in early Victorian hoop skirts and parasols, were always 
to be seen sitting down or walking about among the trees and the 



flat flower beds. Now, while I find our taste in bedding and petti- 
coats much more delightful, I miss ourselves in our garden pictures. 
Do we only see our gardens from windows or verandahs? Do we 
never play tennis where we must seek stray balls among the mignon- 
ette? Do we never sit on those benches to read and write and make up 
accounts (the only way accounts can be made up with any com- 
fort)? No, I do not mean sitting in a prickly rose-pergola through 
which passers-by may curiously view "the lady sitting down out 
of doors." Nor sunning ourselves on those pretty stone benches 
without backs, which are so impossible for more than momentary 
occupation. I think of a refuge in a sheltered corner where, with 
table and bench, one can read, write, sew or meditate, to the sounds 
of falling water and the voices of the air. Luncheon shall be shared 
with the little wren from the apple-tree and an occasional bold 
grackle — who really requires a party of ten comrades to make him 
venturesome. 

Many trials are needed before one is able to do any real work in 
the open air, with the distractions of sky and sounds and posies, and 
I am almost sure that most of us have not acquired concentration 
enough to do it — at least I should imagine so from the unoccupied 
air of most of these "Beautiful Gardens." I know I have been led 
by its dulcet voice to a gentle wall fountain, only to find that I might 
not sit and listen to it unless, like the little birds, I could perch on the 
Hydrangea bushes. And, all the while, its tinkle, tinkle, and soft 
rush of flooding water were so sweet; a voice of the inarticulate 
world. 

Why could we not have our outdoor rooms, if we must use that 
expression of boundaries where we speak of a habitable place? Un- 
der the wall and hanging roof of an old stone smoke-house there is a 
little brick floor looking out on a modest garden; before it a Linden 
tree cuts off the western sun, until it is time to dress for dinner. Only 
lately I stored inside the rude bench and table which made it available 
for work and rest in warm summer days, or even in the leafless days 
when "The slim Narcissus takes the rain." There one might hide 
from the neighborhood business, and alternately dig and hoe and 
write and sew; there one might eat bread and cream cheese, watch 
the birds and the sky, and swing Eastward with the world. There, 
at night, the stars voyage out over the sea of heaven, perfume blows 
gently on the moist air, hawk moths come with silent whirlwinds of 
rapid flight, restless families rustle overhead, and an occasional night- 
hawk whoops down the air slope, like a boy sliding down Observatory 
Hill. 



When we have made our lovely and beloved gardens, and need 
not hoe and water, plant and transplant all of the time, let us try to 
use them. It is a hot day, and weeding is hard work, but the rest of 
that French lesson will learn itself: the trees will be arbors, and the 
"grand del" will be the ceiling of our outdoor room. Some more 
borders clipped, and we may write that letter to the publishers whom 
we expect to have, or our far-off friends, asleep on the other side of the 
world, may read us into their hearts again, when a letter has traveled 
so far. A darning basket may occupy one for hours on end, but, while 
we stick' that needle in and pull it out, the whole joyful universe is 
with us. 

On pleasant afternoons there may be chairs and fruits, sandwiches 
and tea, war talk and drama talk, and bouquets to carry home, but 
the real Garden Living will not hold many people at once. We 
Americans have not the voices for it; true musicians and the noiseless 
creatures of the Earth are those best suited to companionship in the 
outdoor world. 

Even in Winter time, on a sunny day when the eaves are dripping, 
we may take refuge in a garden sheltered by the warmth of ever- 
greens and look down the brown walks, pleasantly sighing with the 
Greek voice of a thousand years ago, "Ah me, the mallows dead in 
the garden drear!" M. CD. Anderson, 

The Garden Club of Michigan. 

Tulip Economy 

This spring while the gardens blazed with tulips, it occurred to me 
that there was much unnecessary discussion of varieties in May- 
flowering, Breeder, and Darwin Tulips. There are so many pinks, 
so many mauves, so many yellows and buffs and deep, dark reddish 
purples, but, after all, how slight the variations are and does it pay 
in a comparitively small garden to buy new and unusual varieties 
when the old ones are really best and the new ones expensive only be- 
cause they are new? 

For instance, there is no bright pink so clear and fresh as Clara 
Butt. Others are newer, but when Clara can be had for from Si.oo 
to $2.75 a hundred why pay $10.00 for something that is, possibly, 
just as good? 

Dream, with its charming blue centre, is by far the loveliest of the 
mauves. It costs from $2.50 to $4.00 a hundred. If you long to spend 
$30.00 for a good mauve tulip, pray do, but depend upon it, you will 
like Dream better. 



Leghorn Bonnet, Picotee, and La Merveille are all charming 
pointed flowers. In my gardens, the last two inspired more questions 
than any others and they cost but from Si.oo to S2.00 a hundred. 

Two lovely pointed pink flowers are Inglescombe Pink and Massa- 
chusetts. The first has a delightful yellow tinge when it comes into 
bloom and fades to almost the same shade as the second. They are 
both inexpensive, about $2. 00 to $4.00 a hundred. 

The Fawn and Jaune d'Oeuf give the tan and coppery shades and 
are better in my sight than any of the newer ones. They, too, can 
be had for from S2.00 to S4.50 a hundred. 

There is no prettier pale pink than Gretchen and it is the cheapest 
of them all, less than a dollar a hundred in the Dutch catalogues; and 
Mr. Farnscombe Sanders is a splendid tall cherry color that is not too 
red to look well with all the others. Its price is from $2. 00 to $5.00 
a hundred. 

Miss Willmott, both in form and in color, is almost the best of the 
yellows. It has no rival but the expensive Moonlight and is much the 
same pale yellow but not so tall. It costs from $2.50 to $4.50 a hun- 
dred. 

A brighter yellow that is a little more expensive (from $3.50 to 
S6.50), but very beautiful, is Avis Kennicott. 

The very dark shades are always costly; but Zulu, a very tall, al- 
most black tulip, is reasonable at from $4.00 to $7.50. Fra Angelico 
is the cheapest of the dark varieties. 

Perhaps the space will seem wasted in which so many familiar 
tulip varieties are named, but I have tried many sorts and am con- 
vinced that no plantings are more certainly charming than those made 
with these few old stand-bys. If your eye is atune to fine gradations 
of color you will want the close harmonies that the thousands of 
variations give, but two or three days of sun will play havoc with your 
painstaking effects. 

The variation in prices may seem great, but I give as the lowest 
those quoted by good Dutch growers and as the highest those of the 
most reliable importers. A hundred of each of the varieties named 
will cost the modest sum of perhaps $35.00. When the cheapest are 
really the prettiest why spend more? 

K. L. B. 

The double tulip, Bleu Celeste, is one of the few double flowers that 
has the charm of the single form. It is very tall with fine blue-green 
foliage. It blooms late and lasts for a long time in the garden or cut. 
It looks like a big bluish-mauve peony and is really very beautiful. 



Pansies 

Between the ist and 15th of August we sowed, for early bloom, in 
cold frames, producing about six thousand young seedlings. From 
past experience of losing hundreds of these by "damping off" (I 
know no more choice term for this calamity) we had first worked into 
the soil a 4-inch potful of air-slaked lime, so that practically all of our 
seedlings survived, and were transplanted, first into flat boxes, until 
these became covered with the foliage, then into their winter residence 
in cold frames, with well-enriched soil. Here they remained, under a 
thick covering of leaves, until their final placing out in April. For the 
last few weeks in the frames we covered the young plants with a sash 
in order to force early bloom. 

As our soil is largely clay — baking and cracking readily — we 
had prepared trenches in the fall in which the pansies were to be 
planted in their permanent position; these were filled with green- 
house soil, which is easily stirred and worked and does not harden. 
After planting, a dressing of sheep manure was forked in. 

For late bloom we sowed seed during February in shallow boxes 
in the greenhouse, transplanting to frames as soon as possible, to 
harden before putting into the open ground in May. 

For clear coloring and size I have found the following most suc- 
cessful: 

In blues, the familiar Beaconsfield, Emperor William, Queen of 
the Blues and Violet, all dark shades, and Adonis, an exquisite sky- 
blue with white center — one of the finest I have ever seen. 

Two lovely pink pansies, almost exactly alike in deep tones, are 
Mme. Perret and Rosy Morn, while Almond Blossom produces pale 
pastel shades of pink which are charming. 

In yellows, the Golden Queen is a clear, satisfactory color, with 
Mareschal Niel, somewhat paler, and an exquisite novelty, perfectly 
described by its name of Apricot. 

The Bronze variety gives every shade from burnt orange to chest- 
nut brown, and while a bedding pansy, and not large, blooms gener- 
ously and is most effective in arrangement. 

In mixed colors, I have found the Mauve Queen, in two delicious 
shades; the Bridesmaid, rosy white with mauve center; Fairy Queen, 
bright blue, rimmed with white; and Siegfried, rich brown with yel- 
low margin, all very fine. These varieties, sown in February, have 
bloomed profusely through August and promise to continue until a 
killing frost. 

Jessie Peabody Butler, 

Garden Club of Illinois. 



Two Garden Poems 
A Member of the Garden Club 

I haven't time for music, The hollyhocks like pokers 

I haven't time for art Are standing in a row, 

I haven't time for reading, Gay heads and naked bodies 

In games I take no part: A most unseemly show. 

For I must weed and spray and grub And I must spray and spray and spray 

Since I have joined the Garden Club. Of course, I haven't time to play. 

The bugs are on the roses, My pinks are winter killed, 

The worms are at the roots And I must plant some more. 

Of my most choice delphiniums, One sunflower I set 

And little tender shoots And now they're forty score 

Of other things are brown and dead And I must grub and dig and hoe 

From aphis green and aphis red. And fight them as a mortal foe. 

I've done with social functions, 

I haven't time to gad. 

I haven't time for pleasure 

For I must work like mad, 

And keep a-workin' — there's the rub ! 

As member of the Garden Club. 

Mrs. Julian Keith, 
Warrenton Garden Club. 



My Neighbor's Roses 

The roses red upon my neighbor's vine 
Are owned by him, but they are also mine. 
His was the cost and his the labor, too, 
But mine as well as his the joy their loveli- 
ness to view. 

They bloom for me, and are for me as fair, 
As for the man who gave them all his care. 
Thus, I am rich because a good man grew 
A rose-clad vine for all his neighbors' view. 

I know from this, that others plant for me, 
And what they own, my joy may also be; 
So why be selfish, when so much that's fine 
Is grown for you upon your neighbor's vine? 

— From The Short Hills Garden Club. 



Notes 

During June, the Garden Club of Cleveland held a Flower Show in 
the Garden Court of the new and very beautiful Art Museum. 

The Cincinnati Garden Club is carrying on an energetic cam- 
paign for flower boxes in the business sections of the city. Much 
interest has been shown, and not only are many retail shops installing 
window boxes but factories and wholesale establishments are adopt- 
ing the plan with enthusiasm. 

On May 2d, Mrs. John W. Searing gave an interesting lecture on 
"Livable Gardens" for the Ulster Garden Club. Mrs. Searing's 
lectures are illustrated by beautiful pictures by Mrs. Jessie Tarbox 
Beals. Other subjects are "The Joys of a Little Garden" and 
"Gardening for Pleasure and Profit." Address, Mrs. John W. Sear- 
ing, 177 Pearl Street, Kingston, N. Y. 

Many member Clubs have registered protest against the new 
Power Plant site in Washington. Those who have not already done 
so are most urgently requested to write both as Clubs and individuals 
to their senators and also the President. It is said that the protests 
are having some effect. If you have not already done so write to the 
following address for an interesting pamphlet giving full particulars. 

The American Institute oe Architects 
The Octagon, Washington, D. C. 

Loose-leaf Binders may be had from the Editor at the following 
prices. These are much cheaper than the usual retail prices. 

Binder with 100 Filler Sheets $2.25 

Index .50 

The Nantucket Maria Mitchell Association 
Natural History Department 

The Nantucket Maria Mitchell Association was founded in 1902 
to purchase and maintain the birthplace of Maria Mitchell. Soon 
the scope broadened, and scientific Astronomical and Botanical 
work was started. One feature of the work of the Natural History 
Department is the offering each year of an informal course in Botany. 
This year the course will be in charge of the well-known writer, Mr. 
F. Schuyler Matthews of Cambridge, Massachusetts, on the general 



subject of "How to Identify Wild Flowers by Form and Color." 
The course, lasting from July 14 to 31 inclusive, will be free to mem- 
bers of the Association. To non-members a charge of $1.00 for the 
course, or twenty-five cents for a single lesson will be made. 
For particulars address 

(Miss) Alice Albertson, 

Librarian and Curator, 
Vestal Street, Nantucket, Mass. 

Book Review 

PLANTS FOR LANDSCAPE PLANTING 

A useful and well arranged pamphlet has recently been compiled 
and published by Albert D. Taylor, Non-Resident Professor of Land- 
scape Architecture, Ohio State University. Its author is modest 
in his claims, suggesting that the book is of value only to those with 
little knowledge of the subject. It gives, however, practical and 
useful lists of trees, shrubs, and plants to be used for specific purposes. 
Its excellent Table of Contents makes easy the search for information. 
As a reference book and reminder the most experienced gardener will 
find it valuable. 

Price: Paper cover, 50 cents; cloth cover, 75 cents. 

Published and copyrighted by A. D. Taylor, 1900 Euclid Ave., 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

List of Papers in Club Library 

The following list of papers is submitted by Miss Goodman. It is 
regretted that in some cases the author's name is not given. These 
papers are available at any time to Clubs and individual members. 

The Time for Sowing Annual Seeds — Mrs. J. Willis Martin, Garden Club of 

Philadelphia. 
Best Annuals for Continuous Bloom. 
Autumn Annuals. 

Annuals for Fall Blooming. — Mrs. Joseph Betton. 
Annual Vines. 
Beds. 

Continuous Blossom — Mrs. Thomas Barber, Garden Club of Southampton. 
Bees in the Garden — Mrs. William Redwood Wright, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 
Our Feathered Assistants in the Garden — Mrs. Charles H. Stout, Short Hills 

Garden Club. 
Plants for Attracting Birds — L. I. Cook, Bernardsville, New Jersey. 
Some Common Birds in the Garden — Miss E. W. Fisher, Philadelphia, Sec'y 

Audubon Society. 
Butterflies and Moths — Mrs. Charles Biddle, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 
A Bog Garden — Mrs. F. C. Farwell, Garden Club of Illinois. 



Border Box — Mr. F. W. Taylor, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 

The Cultivation of Bulbs in Pots — Stephen Ager. 

Bulbs — Miss M. M. Robinson. 

Lilies — Mrs. William Elliott, Gardeners of Delaware and Montgomery Counties. 

Lilies — Mrs. W. B. Franklin, Bedford Garden Club. 

Covering Bulb Beds — Mrs. David E. Williams, Gardeners of Delaware and 
Montgomery Counties. 

Why Bulbs Sometimes do not Bloom — Miss Elizabeth D. Williams, The Garden- 
ers of Montgomery and Delaware Counties. 

The Best Daffodils for Every Purpose — Leonard Barron, Garden Magazine. 

Chrysanthemums — Miss Stursburg, Garden Club of Somerset Hills. 

Chrysanthemums — Mrs. J. Willis Martin, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 

Colour Schemes in the Garden — Miss M. M. Robinson. 

Dahlias — Mrs. Francis G. Lloyd, Garden Club of Somerset Hills. 

Dahlia Cultivation — Mrs. Charles H. Stout, Short Hills Garden Club. 

The Dahlia — Mrs. C. S. Patterson, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 

The Cultivation of Dahlias — Edward Kulp, Philadelphia. 

The Derivation of the Names of Flowers — Mrs. Charles Biddle, Garden Club of 
Philadelphia. 

The Care of Evergreens — Mrs. G. C. Thayer. 

Evergreens — Mrs. Horace Sellers, the Gardeners of Delaware and Montgomery 
Counties. 

Experiences — Mrs. Tiffany Blake, The Garden Club of Illinois. 

Notes of the Garden in Late Summer and Autumn — Mrs. Francis Bishop, Bed- 
ford Garden Club. 

Burbank's Experiments in Santa Rosa — Mrs. Crosby Brown, the Gardeners of 
Delaware and Montgomery Counties. 

Garden Tricks — Mrs. Horatio G. Lloyd, the Gardeners of Delaware and Mont- 
gomery Counties. 

A Pennsylvania Farmer's Experience — Mrs. Emil Wiley. 

Tragedies in the Garden — Mrs. William F. Elliott, The Gardeners of Delaware 
and Montgomery Counties. 

Food Products — Mrs. Edward Sayres, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 

The Gardens of Siena — Mrs. George Willing Jr., Garden Club of Philadelphia. 

Old World Gardens — Miss Piper. 

A Winter in Jamaica — Miss Anna Bright, Gardeners of Delaware and Mont- 
gomery Counties. 

Glimpses of Plant Life in Mexico — Miss Mary Haines, Philadelphia. 

English Gardens and their General Plan. 

Gladiolus — Mrs. E. B. Renwick, Short Hills Garden Club. 

Hardy Flowers and Ways of Growing Them — Herrington. 

Superstitions and Proverbial Sayings about Trees — Miss Harriet Ashhurst, 
Philadelphia. 

Mill Creek and "Black Rocks"— Mrs. Edward S. Sayres, Garden Club of Phila- 
delphia. 

Belfield — Mrs. William Rotch Wister, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 

Floral Emblems in History — Mrs. H. G. Lloyd, The Gardeners of Montgomery 
and Delaware Counties. 

The Charm of Flower Names — Mrs. H. G. Lloyd, The Gardeners of Montgomery 
and Delaware Counties. 

Flowers in Architecture — Garden Club of Trenton. 

A Little Knowledge of Latin is not a Dangerous Thing — Collins. 

The Early History of the Tulip — Mrs. S. Chester Williams, The Weeders. 

Fables, Legends, and Symbols — Mrs. H. G. Lloyd, The Gardeners of Montgomery 
and Delaware Counties. 

Legend of the Jassamine — Mrs. S. Chester Williams, The Weeders. 

Our Grandmothers' Herb Gardens — Mrs. H. G. Lloyd, The Gardeners of Mont- 
gomery and Delaware Counties. 



Cycles in Gardens — Miss Elizabeth Leighton Lee, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 

Necessities and Luxuries in Garden Books. 

Sundials — Miss Martha M. Brown, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 

House Plants — Thilow. 

The Best House Ferns and the Care of Them — Mrs. Horace Sellers, The Weeders. 

Orchids — Mrs. Cornelius Hook, Garden Club of Trenton. 

Pitcher Plants or Sarracenia — Dr. McFarlane, University of Pennsylvania. 

Cut Flowers — Mrs. C. S. Patterson, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 

Care of House Plants — Mrs. Charles T. Cresswell, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 

Experiences in Iris Specialization — Mrs. George M. Higginson, Jr., Garden Club 

of Illinois. 
The Sudden Illness of the Iris — Mrs. S. Chester Williams, The Weeders. 
Intensive Gardening — Mrs. H. G. Lloyd, The Gardeners of Montgomery and 

Delaware Counties. 
The Dasheen, A Root of the South — Mrs. T. W. Williams, Short Hills Garden 

Club. 
Magnolia Gardens and a Moral — Garden Club of Philadelphia. 
The Climate of New Jersey — Garden Club of Trenton. 
My Garden in the Rockies — Schaffer. 

A Maine Garden — Mrs. Charles T. Cresswell, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 
Landscape Gardening in Relation to the Flower Garden — Mr. W. W. Renwick, 

Short Hills Garden Club. 
Proper Relations of Herbaceous Perennials to Other Landscape Features — J. T. 

Dawson, Boston, Mass. 
Report on Improvement of Highways and Settlements, Garden Club of America. 
The Lotus — Miss Marion Mott, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 
Garden Materials — Lime — Moffatt. 

Concrete in the Garden — Mrs. E. N. Todd, Short Hills Garden Club. 
Our Native Plants in Cultivation — Miss Elizabeth Leighton Lee, Garden Club 

of Philadelphia. 
How to Distinguish Our Native Ferns — Mrs. Edward Sayres, Garden Club of 

Philadelphia. 
Our Native Columbine — Mrs. Edward Sayres, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 
On Cultivating Wild Flowers — Miss Delia Marble, Bedford Garden Club. 
Transplanting Wild Flowers — Miss Weeks. 
The Wild Flowers of New Jersey — Garden Club of Princeton. 
A Plea for a Plain Old-Fashioned Garden — Mrs. David Williams. 
Peonies — Mrs. C. L. Borie Jr., Garden Club of Philadelphia. 
Personality of the Flowers — Miss Marion Mott, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 
Making, Replanting, and Mulching the Perennial Bed — Mrs. F. H. Potter, Bed- 
ford Garden Club. 
Planting — Mrs. Francis Waters, Bedford Garden Club. 
September Transplanting — Mrs. F. L. Rhodes, Short Hills Garden Club. 
Planting in Shady Places — Mrs. Miles. 
Poisonous Plants — Mrs. Emil Wiley, The Weeders. 
Pollination — Miss Anne Perrine, Trenton Garden Club. 
The Poppy — Mrs. Lewis Neilson, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 
Potpouri — Mrs. C. S. Patterson, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 
Hydrocyanic. 
Rhododendrons — Mr. Henry Skinner, Dept. of Insects, R. Winsor, Garden Club 

of Philadelphia. 
Rock Gardens — Mrs. P. W. Roberts, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 
Description of Various Sprays — Mr. F. W. Taylor, Garden Club Philadelphia. 
Roses — Lenox Garden Cl''b. 
Roses — Dr. Huey, Philadelphia. 

Roses — Miss Marion Mott, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 
Tea Roses — Mrs. Samuel Betton, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 
How to Grow Roses — Mrs. Allen Barnes, Toronto. 



Saving in the Garden — Mrs. A. T. Stewart, Short Hills Garden Club. 

Some of the Less Familiar Flowering Shrubs — Mrs. Horace Jayne. 

On Soil — Mrs. Pratt. 

Soils and Fertilizers — Mrs. C. Gouveneur Weir, Bedford Garden Club. 

The Use of Fertilizers — Mrs. Charles Cresswell, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 

Garden Soil and Temperature — Dr. W. G. Thompson, Lenox Garden Club. 

Commercial vs Barnyard Fertilizers — Mrs. Elliott. 

Resume of Soil Inoculation — Mrs. Joseph L. Woolston, Garden Club of Philadel- 
phia. 

Plant Feeding — H. A. Fitzgerald. 

Spring Gardens — Mrs. Max Farrand, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 

An April Garden with Cold Frames — Mrs. Emil Wiley, The Weeders. 

Which are the Best Shade Trees for Local Planting? — W. W. Harper. 

Selection and Planting of Cherry Trees — Mrs. H. W. Hack, Short Hills Garden 
Club. ' 

How to Make Old Trees Bear an Abundance — Mrs. Edward S. Sayres, Garden 
Club of Philadelphia. 

What Trees to Plant — Miss Bright, The Girdeners of Montgomery and Dela- 
ware Counties. 

The Spraying of Fruit Trees — Mrs. Stephen Nash, Short Hills Garden Club. 

Some Flowering Trees for Eastern Pennsylvania — Miss Haines, Garden Club 
of Philadelphia. 

Wall Gardens — Miss Gertrude Ely, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 

The following corrections to the list of Presidents and Secretaries published 
in the May Bulletin have been received. 

The East Hampton Garden Club, N. Y. 

Secretary: Mrs. Frederick K. Hollister, East Hampton, L. I., N. Y., and 521 
Madison Ave., New York City. 
The Gardeners of Montgomery and Delaware Counties, Pa. 

Secretary: Miss Elizabeth D. Williams. 
The Green Spring Valley Garden Club, Maryland. 

President: Mrs. John McHenry, R. F. D. Owings Mills, Md. 

Secretary/: Mrs. Laurence M. Miller, Roslyn, Md. 
The Garden Club op Harford County, Maryland. 

Secretary: Mrs. Edward M. Allen, Darlington, Harford County, Md. 
The Garden Club of Orange and Dutchess Counties, N. Y. 

President^ Mrs. James M. Fuller, Warwick, Orange County, N. Y. 

Secretary! Mrs. Morris Rutherfurd, Warwick, Orange County, N. Y. 
The Garden Club of Lenox, Mass. 

Secretary: Miss Georgiana W. Sargent, Lenox, Mass., and 28 E. 35th Street, 
New York City. 
The Garden Club of Southampton, L. I. 

Secretary: Mrs. Edmund Twining, 54 East 52nd St., New York City. 
The Millbrook Garden Club, N. Y. 

Secretary: Miss Catherine Wodell, Millbrook, N. Y. 
The Garden Association in Newport. 

Secretary: Mrs. Walker Breese Smith, Catherine Street, Newport, R. I. 



JOHN H. HUTAFF, Inc. 

Interior Decorations 

Antique and Modern Garden 
Ornaments 

New York 



101 Park Avenue 

MR. ROBERT PYLE 

the well known Garden Lecturer 
and Rosarian invites correspond- 
ence from garden lovers and socie- 
ties. Subject — "Roses and Rose 
Gardens," illustrated with finely 
colored lantern slides. 

Address: WEST GROVE, PENN. 



RIDGWAY COLOR STANDARDS 
and NOMENCLATURE 

The accepted standard of Color Nomenclature among Zoolo- 
gists Botanists, Physicists, Chemists and in various industrial 
arts. A scientific arrangement of named colors, 1115 in number, 
with text explaining concisely the theory of color, color mixture, 
etc Indispensable to the Florist, Gardener, Nurseryman and 
all haying need of definite and fixed color names. 

Published by MRS. J. EVELYN RIDGWAY 

Price, postage prepaid, $8.10 Olney , Illinois, Route 7 

New Lily from China 

LILIUM REGALE (Myriophyllum) 

THIS grand new species is acknowledged to be 
the finest lily in cultivation. Flowering bulbs 
for October delivery. 90c each, $10.00 per dozen. 
Also Other New and Rare Plants from China 
Write for Special Catalogue of New Plants 
R. & J. FARQUHAR & C O., Boston, Mass. 

Kelsey's Hardy American Plants 
and Carolina Mountain Flowers 

Native Hardy Rhododendrons Azaleas, Kalmias Andro- 
medas. Etc. Rock, Water and Wild Gardens Designed 

and Planted for Permanent Lftect. 
HARLAN P. KELSEY, Landscape Architect 

SALEM, MASSACHUSETTS 
Owner, Highlands Nursery in North Carolina and 

Boxford Nursery in Massa chusetts 

Anything from a Plant to a Planting 

Roses, Perennials, Evergreens 
and Greenhouse Plants 

A. N. PIERSON, Inc. 

Cromwell Gardens CROMWELL, CONN. 



C. G. van Tubergen, Jr., HoiiVr.'d 

Grower of Choice Bulbs 

E. J. KRUG, Sole Agent 

112 Broad Street New York 

Bulbs imported direct from Holland for customers^^ 
No supply kept here. Catalogue quoting prices'^ 
in Nurseries in Haarlem — free on appli cation. 

SELECT LIST of Hybrid Tea Roses in 
the Best Novelties introduced in 1915 
and 1916, best suited for outdoor planting. 
For Prices and Descriptions, Send for Catalogue. 



M. H. WALSH 



Rose Specialist 



WOODS HOLE 



MASS. 



Elliott Nursery Company 

PITTSBURGH, PA. 

Growers and Importers of Nursery Stock of 

All Kinds. Hardy Plants and High 

Grade Bulb Specialties. 

Four Catalogues are Published During the Year and Will 
Be Sent Free on Request 



CARTER'S BULBS 

STUDY the new Carter Bulb Book for 1916. This 
Catalogue contains many wonderful and inter- 
esting photographs of the best Spring-flowering 
bulbs besides giving complete detail cultural direc- 
tions for the same. If interested in our offer, send 
us your request for a copy of Carter's 1916 Bulb Book. 

CARTER'S TESTED SEEDS, Inc. 

1 02- 1 06 Chamber of Commerce Bldg., Boston, Mass. 

Ornamental Garden Sticks 

Metal birds painted in the natural colors and 
mounted on four foot tapered maple sticks. 
Practical and decorative, these sticks add a 
bright spot of color to the garden. 
Six varieties, $1.00 each, postpaid 
Scarlet Tanager Blue Jay Cardinal 

Blue Bird Oriole Robin 

RAY CARLIN 
17 DARTMORE ST. CLEVELAND, O. 



"How to Grow Roses" 

By ROBERT PYLE 

121 pages, with 16 in natural colors with special 
recommendations by W. C. Egan. Dr. W Van -Fleet. 
Admiral Aaron Ward, J. A. Currey, Theodore Wuth. 
Dr E M. Mills, Dr. Robert Huey and others Con- 
cise, helpful directions that lead to success with Hoses. 

The Conard & Jones Co., West Grove, Pa. 



i 



All advertisements endorsed by members of the GARDEN CLUB OF AMERICA 
In writing to Advertisers kindly refer to the Bulletin 



Bulletin of 

TLhe <$arfcen Club 

of Hmertca 

September, 1916 No. XVI 

President Vice-Presidents 

MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN A D rm D1 Tn n ijttcctttt 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia mr S- ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 

Treasurer Princeton, New Jersey 

MRS. H. D AUCHINCLOSS MRS BEN j AMIN FAIRCHILD 

33 Secr7afy New Milford - New York 

MRS. BAYARD HENRY MRS. FRANCIS KING 

Germantown, Philadelphia Alma, Michigan 
Librarian 

MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN MRS. JOHN E. NEWELL 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia West Mentor, Ohio 

Editor 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

Lake Forest, Illinois, and 1220 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago 



The objects of this association shall be: to stimulate the knowledge and love of gardening among 
amateurs; to share the advantages of association, through conference and correspondence in this 
country and abroad; to aid in the protection of native plants and birds; and to encourage civic planting. 



Amber and yellow and russet, gold and red, 

The autumnal leaves dream they are summer flowers: 

Day after day, the windless sunny hours 

With feet of flame pass softly overhead: 

Day after day over each perishing leaf 
The windless hours pass with slow-fading flame : 
No song is heard where floods of music came; 
Long garner'd on the field the final sheaf. 

One day a wild and ravishing wind will rise, 

One day a paralysing frost will come, 

And all the glory be taken unaware: 

Dark branches then will lean against the skies, 

Sear leaves will drift the forest-pathways dumb, 

And wold and woodland lie, austere and bare. 

— William Sharp. 



Those three bewildering June days are on the other side of sum- 
mer, but we who spent them in Lenox do not easily forget. 

Until we came it had rained and rained but the sun came out to 
greet us and shone on hills greener for his absence and gardens fresh 
with the charm of early spring. 

What we did, has been set down elsewhere, but a report of business 
proceedings is too stolid a medium to express the interest and pleasure 
crowded into a few hurried hours or to describe the dissolving views of 
garden after garden sitting gaily among the quiet hills. 

A report may record a vote of thanks but is too opaque to allow the 
gratitude behind to shine clearly through. But the gratitude was 
there and a lively appreciation of all the thought and work that re- 
sulted so beautifully. 

The Lenox Garden Club is asked to accept this as a little "bread 
and butter letter" from all its delighted and grateful guests, whose 
thanks and praise it so palely expresses. 

Absent members of The Garden Club of America are to consider 
it a letter of condolence, bearing sympathy, but little comfort, to those 
who have lost a rare delight. 



Hybrid Teas 

The Routine of the Rose Garden 
at Welwyn 

Glen Cove, Long Island. 

As I was walking up a rose-scented lane in California this Spring, 
admiring the Cherokees tumbling over the fences, the ease with which 
roses were grown in California impressed itself upon me. 

At the turn of the road I came upon a rose bush. I call it bush 
from force of habit. In reality it had the size and seamy bark of a 
dwarf tree. It was planted outside the fence between two acacias. 
I stopped to look at it, for it seemed to me to be very much in the 
shade. It looked like a Killarney, but I asked myself if it could be 
possible that a Killarney, so prone to mildew with us, could produce 
such strong blooms with so little air. 

An old man was walking towards me on the inside of the fence 
and I decided to put my question to him. "That's a splendid rose," 
I said. "What variety is it?" 

"Some Irish name, I think, I don't exactly remember," he 
responded. 



"A Killarney, perhaps," I suggested. 

"Yes, that's it," he said. 

"Doesn't it mildew here between the shrubs?" I asked. 

"Yes, it mildews somethin' awful during the rainy season, but it is 
bloomin' fine now." And bloom it did with a vigor and boldness that 
would have seemed ostentatious in our gardens. 

"It is a huge plant," I said. "How long has it been in?" 

"I planted it just four years ago this month," he answered. 

I looked at him in amazement. "But roses were in bloom then," 
I said. 

"Oh, that don't make no difference, that there rose is what we call 
a canned rose. It came with three big stalks almost the size of my 
thumb. I just run an opener down one side of the can, up the other, 
spread it apart and set the roots in the ground just the shape of a 
boiled puddin'." 

I gasped a little and said, "It looks a little one sided, did the wind 
break it?" 

"Oh, no," he responded, "when I wanted to prune it and water it, 
and start it up, I only had a pair of light pruning shears handy. The 
wood is awful tough, so I took a hatchet to it, and the hatchet kinder 
slipped." 

I said "thank you" in a tone of voice that sounded as if such pro- 
cedure was the custom of my own rose garden, and went on my way, 
convinced that if my hatchet pruning friend could hear the history of 
care and prevention I had in store for you, he would think my mind 
had "kinder slipped." For growing teas and hybrid teas in this 
climate is a concentration of effort to overcome the rigors of the winters 
and the pests that nature has put in our way. If I were writing a 
rose paper in California, I might try to be poetical and rapsodize on 
form, color and fragrance, but to-day's subject is of the earth earthy 
and I can only venture as far as, 

A blight, a spray, 

A rainy day, 

And mildew's sure to find us, 

A bug, a can, 

A heartless man 

And one more pest behind us. 

So good-bye, California, where roses run riot, and where the prayer 
for next year is not for increase of growth, but for deliverance from it, 
and back to sunny foggy, hot cold, Long Island where the recipes for 
preparing rose gardens have to be as exact as those for preparing cake. 



In presenting our recipe be assured that I realize that there are as 
many ways of producing good roses as there are ways of making good 
cake, and that ours is only one. Put away all thoughts of the loveliness 
of the rose, for this is a discourse on technique, if I may transplant the 
word, and follow me while we plough through earth, the moist black 
earth that roses love so well. 

The situation of the garden, the composition of the soil, the prun- 
ing, the spraying and the method of cutting the blooms, are to my 
mind the five component elements that make or mar success in rose 
growing. 

Our roses are grown on three different terraces looking to the north, 
with grass slopes as backgrounds, the borders backing against the 
slopes. These borders are four feet wide and were excavated to the 
depth of two feet. No artificial drainage was necessary as two feet 
brought us to gravel. 

The composition of the soil is six inches of sod, grass side down, 
which we leave unforked, eight inches of well rotted cow manure, over 
which we threw half an inch of humus and about Yi6 of an inch of bone 
meal and x /i6 of an inch of lime. To this we added six inches of heavy 
yellow loam as a substitute for clay and last six inches of top soil. 
This was forked very, very thoroughly, leaving the bottom sod un- 
touched. We prepared our beds in the Autumn and let them settle 
until Spring with the prospect of their settling an inch or so below the 
grass path and thereby better retaining the moisture. 

We planted this garden of some twenty-two hundred plants im- 
ported from France and five hundred four year plants selected from 
the old garden in the Spring. The imported roses were received in 
March, 1914. The box was unpacked, the moss removed and the 
plants buried almost up to their tops in trenches in ttu field until the 
weather was suitable for planting. 

We plant our roses twelve inches apart, all advice to the contrary. 
They are planted in three rows one directly behind the other so 
that in between are little vaulted avenues of foliage underneath 
which all the working of the soil is done. We work our soil so 
constantly that no annuals could keep rooted even if we choose to 
plant them. In our judgment ground cover and box hedge are a 
mistake. They take too much nourishment from the roses. Even 
when the foliage is most luxuriant black earth shows in eighteen 
inch planting. We think we have no more mildew from our close 
planting than is the lot of most rose growers and we pay the 
penalty of overworking the soil by constantly enriching it. We 
transplanted some strong growers, General McArthur, this Spring 



and found that their roots had not interlaced but struck down 
towards the good sod at the bottom of the trench. The advantage of 
this close planting is a more closely covered ground, to my mind a 
prettier garden, and the disadvantage the scratchings of the inevitable 
thorn. All the work in our garden, the loosening of the sod, the re- 
moval of wood, all the light work, in fact, is done by the hands of 
faithful Italian Steve to avoid the possible bruising of the plants with 
a metal instrument. 

April i, in 1914, unlike 1916, was an ideal time for planting. We 
brought our roses from the field in lots according to varieties and after 
trimming the roots and after cutting away bruised parts, we plunged 
their roots into a large tub of clay batter which was made of a mixture 
of clay mixed with water thinned down to a thick consistency which 
would thoroughly coat the roots. The reason for this is manifest. 
The soil of the beds is very rich and the clay prevents the possibility 
of the fine particles of manure burning the tender roots. • 

Two pairs of hands are needed to plant the roses. One man dug 
an eight inch square hole with a garden spade, the other man, placed 
the plant in the hole, having taken great care that the roots were un- 
crossed and freely spread out and that the hole was large enough at the 
bottom to receive them. Our plants are all budded upon Manetti. 
We plant our buds from three to four inches deep according to the 
length of the neck. In some plants lateral growth starts very near 
the edge of the bud and this growth must not be buried more than an 
inch and a half. One man holds the plant at the proper depth in the 
hole while the other replaces the soil, patting it constantly, as the 
roses should be tightly planted to insure the firm setting of the young 
fibrous roots which will at once shoot forth. 

When the . oses were all in place, we tapped the soil sharply be- 
tween the plants with a brick to further compress it. We did not 
water the plants at once for there were no fibrous roots to take up the 
moisture and the ground might have become sour. 

Immediately after planting, we turned to pruning. There is no 
fixed rule for this, it is a matter of judgment. We advocate hard 
pruning. We first took out all dead wood and all wire-like growth. 
In two-year plants the strong shoots should be the size of a good sized 
lead pencil. These we cut back to three to five eyes, always pruning 
to the outer eye. The weak growth we cut back to one to two eyes. 
The ideal plant has a free space in the centre with strong growth radiat- 
ing at angles from the buds. This form insures free circulation of air. 

After pruning we spray with copper solution, one to one hundred. 
The standard solution to be ordered at any seedsman may be used. 



We have obtained better results from the mixture for which Admiral 
Ward kindly gave us the rule and which is included in his valuable 
booklet "One Year of Rose Work." This spraying is done to pre- 
vent anthrose, dying back at the cut. 

In 1914, a week or so after pruning, when the new growth was about 
an inch long, we loosened the earth about the roots. The second week 
after pruning, as there had been no rainfall, we gave the beds a thor- 
ough sprinkling as the young fibrous roots which had grown by this 
time had taken all the moisture from the soil, and were in need of a 
soaking. Three days after the soaking we broke the caked earth 
about the plants. This should be done after all artificial watering. 

Green flies appeared and we used Aphine, one part to 35, as a spray. 
For mildew, we used a cheesecloth bag filled with sulphur which we 
shook all over the affected varieties. If the mildew had persisted as it 
did this Spring, we would have sprayed with the alternate spray of cop- 
per solution and Fungine, which ordinarily we do not begin until later. 

We are now up to June when the buds were forming. We let the 
buds break to show color and then cut them, taking one leaf with the 
strong stems, two with the weak. We followed this Spartan course 
until September when the roots were well established. 

Rose bugs had besieged us by this time. We do not use arsenate 
of lead, Paris green, hellebore or any poisonous spray for they dis- 
figure the foliage. The heartless man of my jingle and the can filled 
with kerosene are the remedies we have chosen. 

The last week in June we began a preventive alternate spray 
every ten days of copper solution, one to one hundred, and fungine, 
one to fifty. This was to forestall possible mildew, black spot and 
loss of foliage. When a small amount of mildew appeared we used 
the sulphur bag. We picked the leaves affected by black spot and 
burned them for we hear that this is a contagious fungus. We were 
philosophical when we saw a few leaves drop from the plants for we 
had done our utmost to prevent it. 

During July and August we covered our beds with stable litter, 
consisting largely of straw and with some manure. It prevented the 
summer heat from baking the earth and helped the beds retain the 
moisture. This sounds unattractive, but by this time very little 
black earth shows in our garden and we gained more food for the roots 
for the straw was raked off in September and the manure worked in. 
Many people are using peat moss now. We are open to conviction on 
this point. 

During September and October of that first year, 1914, we let a 
few blossoms mature and had our reward for our colorless Spring. 



About the first of November, before the ground froze and while we 
were still gathering roses, we hilled up our plants. To do this we dug 
a trench between the plants and covered the main stalks and lateral 
growth of the plants with earth to the height of five or six inches. 
We filled the trenches with well rotted cow manure in order that the 
Autumn rains might carry this food to the roots before the ground froze. 
When the ground was frozen to four or five inches, after Christmas, we 
boarded in the outer edges of our borders with eight inch boards and 
packed leaves tightly on the plants to the depth of eighteen inches 
holding them in place with dead branches. We cut off only the very 
long waving branches which might have caught the wind. The other 
growth we left exposed to freeze during the winter. Cutting may mean 
bleeding even at this time and bleeding means more severe winter killing. 
Our first season is over and it has been a tedious task with small 
reward. Our experience has been that this course of care and self-denial 
makes strong roots and fortifies the plants to withstand the hard win- 
ter. Our percentage of winter killing is very, very small. This year 
we carried through 3500 plants, including the field plants, without loss. 
The last of March, 1915, the second season, we uncovered our 
plants. We uncover as early as possible, to prevent the mice from 
eating the young shoots which otherwise might start under the heavy 
blanket of leaves. We removed all of the leaves but threw back a 
few which caught here and there on the scraggly branches and pre- 
vented the merciless March sun from burning the tender bark. 

Our last year's care had given us strong, sturdy wood which had 
wintered well and when we came to pruning, we found well established 
plants with wood as large as my forefinger in the strongest growing 
varieties. This we cut back to five to six eyes, always to the outer eye 
and the weaker shoots in proportion. We prune mercilessly and if there 
is a choice of eyes, we choose the fourth rather than the fifth in the strong 
shoots for the shape of the plant counts largely in the strength and 
length of the stems we shall get. After the beds were raked free from 
twigs and leaves, we worked in the manure of last November to which 
we had added, that Spring, a thin dressing of bone meal and wood ashes. 
This coming Autumn, the plants having been in three seasons, 
we shall add a liberal dressing of lime to the manure we put on in 
November between the hills, to sweeten the soil. This must be done 
to all soil where manure is used so liberally. 

After pruning, we sprayed with copper solution and followed the 
same routine of spraying as we did in the first year with this exception, 
the plants were well established by this time and we could afford to 
force the wood without detriment to the roots. When the buds were 



the size of a pea we watered with manure water, 1^2 bushels to the 
barrel, using a large dipper full to each plant and taking care to 
water between the plants so as not to burn them. We chose a cloudy 
day for this and we repeated it in ten days. 

We have enough plants to grow for quality not quantity. When 
the buds are first formed, we pinch off all but the centre bud, and 
allow all the strength of the plant to go to that, making perhaps not 
so much color in the garden, but more perfect individual specimens. 

During July and August, we disbudded and forced our plants to 
put this strength back to the roots again. We repeated the stable 
litter mulch in July and worked it in again after raking off the straw 
in September. The last of August we watered again with weak 
manure water xyi bushels to the barrel and repeated it every ten days 
for four times. We have cut roses as late as December fourth, little 
tight buds, which half opened in the house. 

Greatest care and judgment are needed in cutting roses. We are 
made very happy by Admiral and Mrs. Ward's interest in our garden, 
and when I saw Admiral Ward and our gardener, Johnson, argue for 
ten minutes over the way one stem should be cut, I realized that the 
general directions which Johnson had given me of leaving two eyes, 
the top of which should be an outside one, needed some amplification. 
This can better be illustrated, however, in the garden than on paper. 

If I were to dedicate these very elementary facts about rose 
growing, I should inscribe them to our gardener, Frank O. Johnson, 
who has been most patient with me in my efforts to learn the alphabet 
of rose growing. Admiral Ward, who, Johnson says, knows more 
about roses than any man he knows, excepting, perhaps, Mr. A. N. 
Pierson of Cromwell, Conn., in whose employ Johnson was for fifteen 
years before he came to us, is kind enough to be interested in Johnson's 
theories. It is Admiral Ward's enthusiasm which prompts me to ask 
your consideration of them. I have followed Johnson like faithful 
Fido for many years and his theories have become my theories. In 
some ways he has deferred to me for he has granted my desire to grow 
roses 12 inches apart and has grown good roses on terraces with grass 
backing, an impossible formula, I was told, by one who thought he 
knew, when I told him my plan for my new rose garden. 

I assure you that the methods of rose growing are full of interest 
and I beg those of you who only know and love the finished product 
to go back to Mother Earth and conjure with her to grow that queen 
of flowers, the Hybrid Tea. 

Harriet Barnes Pratt, 
(Mrs. Harold I. Pratt) North Country Garden Club. 



Tea Roses at Overcross 

Some years ago in planning my rose-garden a friend's advice was : 
" Plant nothing but Hybrid Teas. You will have pleasure and beauty 
in your garden all summer and will lose only a few more than the 
Perpetuals. A hundred new ones each year will replace the ones 
killed by winter." I followed her advice and have never regretted it, 
for we have roses from June until late in the fall — and though, at 
first, it meant buying a hundred each year, though the actual loss 
was not so great, it was still very high, the last two I have bought only 
a dozen plants of a choice or rare variety. 

The last two years I have tried a new method, with such success 
that the loss has been trifling. The winter of 19 14-15, though mild, 
was very hard on roses, owing to constant thawing and freezing 
again; yet out of over five hundred "Teas" my loss was four. 
1915— 16 was very severe. As late as March 18th the thermometer 
registered eight degrees below zero, yet my loss was only nine roses, 
two of which were Standards. 

The method is this : The bushes are not pruned in the fall, except 
the suckers cut off. The tops are left on and tied up as usual in straw. 
Manure is well worked into the soil and some left around the roots. 
Then the bed is filled to above the bud with sawdust, about three or 
four inches deep. Cedar boughs are laid slanting on each side of the 
bed, with one on top to form a roof beam, and we are ready for the 
heaviest storm or cold. For the melting ice and snow falls from the 
slanting cedar roof on to the sawdust floor and is absorbed and held 
from freezing close to the bud. 

In the spring the covering is removed gradually, the wet sawdust 
is taken out as much as possible with a hoe or rake, care being used not 
to disturb the earth beneath. The rest is left to dry out by the sun, 
and then a broom sweeps the remainder away. 

The beds are well worked with a light coating of lime, the bushes 
well pruned to about a foot above the ground, a good feeding of bone- 
meal and humus, in the proportion of half and half, is given the beds 
and then commences the constant watchfulness for rose-bugs. As 
soon as the wealth of June bloom is over the beds are again given a 
feeding of bone-meal and humus. This is repeated about every month 
or six weeks all summer. About August 1st the bushes are again cut 
back, but not severely, to prepare for another glory in September. 

To have success with roses, three things are necessary, loose, well- 
raked soil, spraying and feeding. You are saying "What about 
watering?" With a loose soil and the use of humus, which tends to 



retain moisture, you will be surprised how little water is required to 
keep roses in good condition. During a drought the beds are thor- 
oughly soaked with a hose about three times a week but this has been 
unnecessary these last two summers. Marione C. Fiske, 

Overcross, Bemardsville, New Jersey. 
(Mrs. Haley Fiske) 

An Open Letter 

Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University, 
Jamaica Plain, Mass. 

May I invite your attention to the Arnold Arboretum? 

The Arnold Arboretum is a museum of trees and one of the de- 
partments of Harvard University. It was established forty years 
ago to increase the knowledge of trees and it has been industriously 
engaged in this ever since. It consists of an outdoor museum ex- 
tending over two hundred and twenty acres, in which the University 
has agreed to grow every tree and shrub which can be grown in 
eastern Massachusetts. This museum now contains the largest 
collection of such plants in America systematically and conveniently 
arranged for examination and study. The Arboretum is also a scien- 
tific station for the collection and preservation of material relating 
to trees from all parts of the world and for the publication of the results 
of its investigations. 

The Arboretum has been active in exploration and in the dis- 
covery and introduction of new plants, and through its collectors in 
China, Japan, Siberia and North America it has been able greatly to 
increase the number of beautiful trees and shrubs which can be cul- 
tivated in our gardens ; and it can be said of it that there is hardly a 
public park or a private garden in the United States which has not 
been benefited by it. 

The Arboretum, although it is a department of Harvard and 
located in Boston, in the work it does for the whole country and for all 
foreign countries is a national institution. As a department of a 
great University its permanency is insured, and its continuation in its 
present location is assured by a contract with the City of Boston which 
extends through a thousand years. 

Nowhere else in this country can be found so much to interest the 
lover of trees, and nowhere else can he learn so much about their 
value for different purposes and about their cultivation. The 
Arboretum needs financial help, for the income of its small endowment 
is not sufficient to support it. Until a proper endowment can be 
obtained its needs are generously taken care of by a few of its friends 



in different parts of the country who from time to time make con- 
tributions to increase its income, in sums varying from $100 to $2000. 
That it may be made more useful the work of the Arboretum should 
be extended, and I hope that you will feel like helping me to do this 
and join the friends of the Arboretum in their efforts to build up a 
greater and more useful national institution. Whether you care to 
do this or not I hope that you will come and see the Arboretum the 
next time you are in Boston, as I venture to believe that every lover 
of trees can find here much of interest. 

Yours very truly, 

C. S. Sargent. 

Delphiniums 

As Delphiniums are one of the hardiest as well as the most beautiful 
of our perennials, no garden should be without them. Their varieties 
of color and form are so many that one cannot but watch with interest 
for the first bloom that tells the story. 

About five years ago, I bought one or two packets of seeds, and 
the results of these seeds show nearly forty varieties. For the hum- 
ming birds which delight in perching on the tall blue spikes and the gay 
butterflies and busy bees have carried the pollen from one plant to 
another constantly creating new varieties; and one of them is a pure 
white compact Delphinum. 

To me the making of the seed is one of the most interesting aspects 
of a flower garden. If we want to get the seed of a very pale blue 
Delphinium, we are careful to gather the first seed formed, hoping that 
the pollen which fertilized the bloom was carried from another bloom 
of the same plant. 

With one's own fresh seed taken from the pod, the Delphinium 
germinates in from eight to ten days. Last month we sowed some 
Delphinium seed at the same time as Sweet William and they germin- 
ated the same day. But any time in July is early enough to sow 
and when cold weather comes, you will have sturdy little plants per- 
fectly able to stand the cold of our winters. When spring opens you 
can transplant them to your garden. But if you wish fine bloom, you 
must have a deep rich soil to grow them in, remembering that it will 
not be long before these little plants will have immense roots, some- 
times too big for a single man to carry. 

After puddling your hole, put your manure down deep and plenty 
of it. But be sure not to let the manure come into contact with the 
roots. Firm the soil well around the plant so that no air can dry out 
the roots. 



It is easy to transplant these seedlings and if done with care it is 
also easy to transplant big plants, even when in bloom. The other 
day, and it was one of our hottest days, too, I discovered a new variety 
in the nursery, probably a sport. I insisted upon its being brought 
into the garden. It was so heavy that two men had to do the job, but 
apparently the plant is doing well. 

The Formosum variety seems most liable to be attacked by the 
black disease. Many of these have had to be uprooted and destroyed, 
to eradicate the trouble from the garden, although we have faithfully 
sprayed with Bordeaux mixture. It is advisable to begin the spraying 
when the plants are young and repeat every ten days at the same time 
you spray the hollyhocks for rust. 

Another formula is, four pounds of lump lime and one pound 
powdered tobacco to which add one gallon of boiling water to slack 
the lime. Let the mixture boil as long as it will and add more water 
if necessary to completely slack. When the mixture has ceased to 
boil, add enough water to make five gallons. In applying use one 
quart of the solution to eleven quarts of water, pouring about a cupful 
around the roots of each plant, repeating every ten days if necessary. 

With this we dosed some of our doubtful looking plants and 
kept the disease under and this summer the Delphiniums in the 
nursery which were badly affected, have so far generally come through 
safely, but I should tell you that in the autumn some pure lime was 
placed around the plants to get rid of the slugs that were so trouble- 
some. Probably this lime helped too, to destroy the root maggots 
that are said to cause the disease. 

But last summer the Delphiniums were so overcrowded among the 
continuous bloom of other plants and the rains were so constant that 
for the first time many of the oldest plants failed to give their usual 
second and third bloom, although we cut down the stalks sufficiently 
early. I very much feared that the dampness had rotted the roots 
and had put a final end to them. The gardener, however, was not so 
pessimistic and to my joy, in early spring, they sent up these delight- 
fully bright green, tender young spikes that all of us who love Del- 
phiniums, know so well. And ever since they have grown and grown 
and have looked lovingly at those who cared for them as if begging for 
the stakes that are so necessary to support the weight of their beauti- 
ful bloom. 

As soon as the bloom goes to seed, we cut down the long stalks so 
as to get the later growth as soon as possible. 

When autumn comes we place coal ashes over the roots to keep off 
the white grub that is tempted otherwise to bore into the roots. 



Finally after the garden is fertilized with basic slag, we put our 
Delphiniums to sleep with a good covering of rotted manure and 
then can do nothing more for them but dream all winter of those 
great blue spikes that seem climbing to the skies in our little Paradise. 

Helen S. Clarkson, 

Lenox Garden Club. 

The Sand Dunes of Lake Michigan 

In what I have read of the Dunes of Indiana such emphasis is 
always laid on the flora, that I would like to say a word for the other 
great beauties, the landscape and scenic effects. 

A two hours' motor ride from Chicago; and by the way, the roads 
are the best that ever laid out-doors; and you find yourself on the most 
rugged, wild and barren hill imaginable. Sand everywhere, a few 
giant trees dead, and bare of small branches, only the gaunt trunks 
and sturdiest arms left, polished by the blowing sand to the silvery 
sheen of drift-wood. Waves and ripples of sand, an oasis of gray 
beach-grass, and more sand, a mound piling higher and higher, finally 
to slip of its own weight into the valley beyond, — the undaunted, 
inexorable march of the traveling dune. 

You look down at Lake Michigan, gray and leaden, or turquoise 
and emerald, a glassy mirror, or a restless sea. If your gods have been 
good, and your day is hung with fleecy clouds in a bright blue sky, you 
turn from the lake to the fairest landscape you could hope to see. 
Hills slipping off to the horizon, broad plains with islands of forest set in 
waving meadows, and sunlight and shadow dancing over the varying 
beauty of the view until it seems there must be days instead of hours 
between you and the flat city. 

Go down the hill, and you are in a jungle of sycamore and tulip- 
trees, tall spires reaching to the very top of the hills. If you are 
lucky, you will find a clump of Florida dogwood blooming near the 
half open, pale yellow tulip buds. Ferns in endless variety, and lovely 
flowers carpet the jungle. Truly two plants have grown where there 
seemed only room for one. 

Farther on the pines are master, and soft walks lead to the more 
open spaces where it seems as though nature had hunted the whole 
country over to find just the flower that would best set off a rolling 
hill or gentle swale. There are literally carpets of sand violets and 
lupines, masses of columbine, lady-slippers, cress and phlox, the pink 
not the blue. All the lovely things, in fact, that will not grow for us. 

A day at the Dunes is an adventure, but you must go with the 



heart of a child, ready to count the day won for the shadow of a cloud, 
or a clump of long forgotten wild-flowers. All that has ever been seen 
at the Dunes is still there, but it is the woods and the wild, and though: 
"Every bush is afire with God, 
Only he who sees takes off his shoes." 

Louise S. Hubbard, 
Garden Club of Illinois. 



All this beauty is doomed unless something can be done at once. 
Manufacturers have bought cheaply what was little appreciated, and 
already hundreds of acres are covered with manufacturing plants and 
workmen's barracks. Gary, the United States Steel Corporation's 
new town, covers a large tract, and options are held by other com- 
panies on almost the entire Dune country. 

Many organizations are now joining in an effort to save at least a 
part of this beautiful and interesting region as a National Park. 
The Garden Club oe America asks you to write to the address 
given below offering your services to the Committee now being formed. 
Mr. Knotts will tell you in what way you may help and to whom pro- 
test may most effectually be addressed. 

Mr. A. F. Knotts, Chairman, 

c/o Mr. Everett Millard, 
69 W. Washington Street, Chicago. 

Seek to Save Dunes 

Another step toward securing the picturesque sand dunes in 
Indiana for a national park was taken yesterday when representatives 
from Michigan, Illinois, and Indiana met in conference at Tremont, 
a town some fifty miles from Chicago and in the heart of the dunes. 

An organization was formed called the National Sand Dunes Park 
Association, the object of which shall be to raise $300,000 through 
subscriptions amounting to no more than Si a person, and with this 
money to purchase 1,000 acres in the dunes. An attempt will be made 
to secure congressional aid. 

The Nation Gets More Land 

Your Uncle Sam has lately been made the recipient of two gifts 
of land, he who is so rich in that commodity, which are most acceptable. 
Mrs. Vanderbilt has donated generously of her beautiful North 



Carolina acres for a mountain forest reserve. Keeping many thou- 
sand acres for her own use, she has given the remainder, stocked as it 
is with millions of carefully kept trees, to the government as a pre- 
serve. In the whole Appalachian range there is no greater variety of 
splendid trees than that at Biltmore, and the gift is a valuable addi- 
tion to the nation's possessions. 

Several landowners have united to present to the government 
5,000 acres of beautiful lakes and mountains near Bar Harbor, and 
this has just been created into a national park, the first to be estab- 
lished east of the Mississippi. There are other tracts of exquisite 
scenery now in private hands which might as well, for all the use their 
owners make of them, pass under government control, and it is hoped 
that these two examples of public spirit may urge this disposition of 
them. 

These conspicuous gifts ought also to remind us that we have 
beauty to save here at our own doors. The dune country will be lost 
if something is not soon done. The outer park or forest preserve en- 
terprise is sluggishly moving. The Skokie valley, the Sag, and the 
Desplaines river country are too valuable to be neglected. These 
are our jewels. Why do we neglect them? — The Chicago Tribune. 
July 17th and 25th, 1916. 

Impressions of 
The New York Peony Show 

I have just returned from the great Peony Show held in New York 
June 9th, 10th and nth, and I am taking it for granted that you would 
like to hear another amateur's impressions of the show. The real 
peony enthusiast, who grows and loves his own flowers, who visits 
them many times each day during their blooming season, and, who 
conjures up their forms and beauties to his mental vision during 
their dormant season, can not restrain his anxiety to actually see other 
varieties of which he hears marvelous stories of beauty, and color, and 
shape, and size. 

And so I deserted my own garden for six days just to see LeCygne, 
LaFrance, Kelway's Glorious, Tourangelle, Solange, Raoul Dessert, 
Martha Bulloch and a dozen other varieties whose fame has extended 
to my own little Ohio town. Of course I took a few varieties with me 
from my own garden, because I realized that if I wanted to see flowers 
from other gardens, it was only fair that I should go to a little extra 
trouble to show the best from my own. 

That I had brought these flowers with me was of the greatest ad- 
vantage because it established my identity with the Society and placed 



me in the most desirable relations with other exhibitors, even the very 
largest, and you know how any peony enthusiast enjoys visiting with 
any other enthusiast, and how we amateurs with private gardens like 
to feel that we personally know the big men in the Peony world. 

I wish you could have seen the color display with all the Light Pinks 
in one section of the hall, the Deep Pinks in another, the Reds in 
another, and the Whites in yet another. Such a display of Nature's 
colors is seldom seen. It was a wonderful opportunity to get ac- 
quainted with the catalogued varieties, and the display contained 
many beautiful flowers, but greatest of all in my estimation was 
Kelway's Glorious. 

What interested me most were the peonies shown by amateurs like 
ourselves. It was a revelation to me. Amateurs can raise just as 
good peonies as professionals, and although I would not want you to 
tell the professionals about it, I really think the amateurs did just a 
little better on some varieties this year. 

Mrs. Taylor, Mr. Boyd and Mr. Scott, all of the vicinity of Phila- 
delphia had displays which I will remember as long as I grow peonies, 
and I expect to be still doing that when I am up in the eighties and 
nineties like Richardson and Hollis and Harrison and Pleas and Terry. 
Tourangelle alone was worth going many miles to see, while Marie 
Crouse seemed to me to be perfection in peony form, size and color. 
Mr. Gifford, of Tarrytown made a display of Aurore which just made 
you think of an early spring morning. I wish I could tell you the feel- 
ings with which Eugene Verdier, Lady Alexandra Duff, Jubilee, 
Therese, La Tendresse and a few others inspired me, but as you are to 
have the opportunity of seeing them in Philadelphia next year, I hope 
we can enjoy the inspiration together at that time. 

I want to ask you to do the Society a favor next year, and 
bring a few of your very best with you. This year we did not see 
representative blooms from Le Cygne, Solange, La France, Mont 
Blanc, Martha Bulloch, Francis Shaylor, Mary Woodberry Shaylor 
nor Cherry Hill. Of course every enthusiast wants to see them, but 
it seems the professionals are so busy dividing their roots of high 
priced varieties that they do not get representative blooms, and so it 
devolves upon us, the amateurs, who raise peonies because we love 
them, to bring to the show the varieties we are all willing to travel 
miles to see. Follow the example of our Secretary, Professor Saunders 
who is also an amateur like us. He lives in northern New York where 
the herbaceous peonies are not yet in bloom, but he wanted to do his 
part towards making the show a success and so he brought with him a 
magnificent collection of Tree Peony blooms, just for display and not 



for a premium. If you live either north or south of Philadelphia you 
have an opportunity to bring either the extra early or the extra late 
kinds, and you know at our shows we like to see all the varieties. 
Select your best plants now for exhibition flowers next year, tell your 
peony enthusiast friends to do the same thing. Give the plants the 
care and dressing you think they should have to produce show blooms 
in season, and at the appointed time come and inspire us with your 
love and enthusiasm for this noblest of God's flowers — the Peony. 

Lee R. Bonne witz, 

Van Wert, Ohio. 



Peony growing has been found to insure old age and the best 
blossoms have been developed by the older growers, it was said by 
members of the American Peony Society, whose exhibition of the 
blossoms, given in co-operation with the Horticultural Society of 
New York, at the American Museum of History, closed yesterday 
afternoon. 

One of the famous old peony growers is Mrs. Pleas, now nearly 90 
years old, who grew, among others, two famous blossoms, "Jubilee," 
a beautiful' white blossom, and "Opal," an opalescent pink. Mrs. 
Pleas worked for thirty years with her peonies and commencing with 
the commonest stock, year by year discarded all but the finest seedlings 
until she finally achieved the plants which have made her famous in 
the peony world. 

One of the amateur growers, who showed specimens of Mrs. 
Pleas's two flowers, was Lee R. Bonnewitz, who brought the blossoms 
with him from Van Wert, Ohio, wrapped in wax papers. Mr. Bon- 
newitz is a collector of new varieties of peonies. He has now 221 
varieties. — New York Times. 



Seeds from Abroad 

Most of the flower seeds and many of the garden seeds used in 
this country are raised in Europe; Germany, France, Holland and 
England. The great European war has been in progress for over two 
years, and since all able-bodied men between the ages of eighteen and 
forty-eight have been called to the colors, it can easily be seen that the 
skilled labor of the seed growing establishments has been greatly 
reduced. Some of the older men, assisted by boys, girls and women, 
who had always worked in the seed fields and thereby acquired a 
knowledge of more or less importance, have been obliged to assume 



the entire labor of roguing and cleaning the crops, which often could 
not be done at the right time. 

This curtailment of labor, both in quality and quantity, will of 
necessity be felt in the quality of the seeds produced, both as to 
trueness and germination, neither of which is apt to be up to the 
ante-war standards. Every European seed house will be affected by 
these conditions, and since American seedsman are to a very large 
extent dependent for their supplies on European growers, consumers 
should bear these facts in mind when the qualities are not up to 
expectation. 

Some California growers have specialized in flower seeds for 
several years, and will probably be able to supply many kinds as soon 
as enough efficient help can be educated. That California can pro- 
duce good flower seeds is proven by the extensive culture of Sweet 
Peas. It is safe to say that that state produces close to 80 per cent 
of the world's supply of that flower. 

The wise gardener will sow many more seeds than usual this 
autumn and next spring, and keep reserve plants in nursery rows. 
Then when colors clash and seedlings melt away, there will be 
others to fall back upon. 

A Successful Planting 

It has been found difficult to secure any satisfactory account of a 
successful planting from any member of the Garden Club. It can 
hardly mean that there has been no successful planting this year, but 
rather that no planting, however, successful, ever attains that ideal 
beauty and perfection dreamed of when the color scheme was planned 
in the Spring. On the contrary, however, several assurances have 
been given that examples of unsuccessful planting could have been 
found without difficulty — chiefly in neighbor's gardens. Herbaceous 
borders run wild, for instance, with orange Lilies, Magenta Phlox, 
Balm and pink Mallows, in one irreconcilable argument, or — a 
particularly irritating example, — a vigorous bed of Rhododendrons 
in full bloom clashing with its border of orange and yellow Azalias. 
The banner bed of this type, once seen and never forgotten, was 
one of red Geraniums surrounded by Petunias, though as it adorned 
a rural cemetery, it may have been planted less for beauty than 
with some benevolent intention of raising the dead. 

After all, is not the best success in grouping and combination 
of colors only a holding, as 'twere, a mirror up to nature, imitating 
as much as possible the invariable simplicity and harmony of Nature's 



own methods? What a thing of beauty she makes of the roadsides 
all summer, ringing the changes on the simple gamut of yellow and 
green that runs through the year from the Dandelions of May, the 
Buttercups, Butter and Eggs, Evening Primrose, Mullein, Agrimony, 
Cassia and Tansy, to the Asters and Goldenrod of October. 

It is encouraging to find that more effort is made from year to 
year to use native plants and shrubs in their own particular habitat. 
The use has come with the growing appreciation that they harmonize 
in some subtle way with the character of the landscape. 

It is impossible to imagine a more successful border than one 
once observed in a lonely road off the main travelled highway where 
Nature had taken what was at hand and transformed it into a thing 
of unforgettable beauty. A background of tall column like cedars, 
irregularly placed, with the scarlet of Virginia Creepers showing here 
and there in festoons among the dark green or gray green branches. 
Against this the shrub-like sumach with its crimson horns of seeds 
and leaves half turned to the brilliant colors of Autumn. In the fore- 
ground and filling up the space to the edge of the road were masses of 
purple Asters of different shades, Michaelmas daisies and Golden Rod. 
It was a grouping and coloring repeated on a thousand hills, and yet one 
could easily believe that a Greek might have erected an altar on the 
spot, and worshipped it all as an embodiment in visible beauty of 
the spirit of the whole country-side. 

But the impulse of the native American is to go home, whet his 
scythe and come back next day to cut down the pesky weeds ! 

Alice D. Weekes, 
North Country Garden Club, of Long Island. 



Suggestions for Fall Planting 
A Blue, White and Pink Border 

At back plant Bocconia (plume poppy), tall white Nicotiana (for 
its delicious fragrance), pink Dahlias, summer Cosmos in white and 
pink. In front of these, clumps of Oriental Poppies in shades of 
pink, lavender and white, alternating with clumps of pink, lilac and 
blue annual Asters, not forgetting a clump of Belladonna and Queen 
Wilhelmina Delphiniums here and there. 

In front of these, Phlox Drummondi, Balsams, with big "fluffs" of 
Gypsophila to give the softening effect. In front of these for the 
edging, salmon pink Portulaca, Adonis (or light blue) Pansies, dwarf 
Primrose, yellow Phlox Drummondi and Forget-me-nots. 



A Blue and Yellow Border 

At back plant tall Marigolds with all shades of yellow, orange and 
"apricot" Dahlias with here and there clumps of Helenium (Riverton 
Gem). In front of these plant yellow, orange and flesh colored 
Zinnias, and Anthemis, alternating these with purple, lavender and 
lavender blue annual Asters, Belladonna and Lizzie Delphiniums, here 
and there Michaelmas Daisies in various shades of blue and purple, 
not omitting to use now and again, the beautiful Statice Latifolia, 
which gives the whole border a soft "misty" appearance. Then in 
front of these, deep yellow or "gold" Portulaca and all shades of 
yellow, purple, blue and lavender Pansies, Plumbago, Forget-me-nots 
and Torenia (a very pretty blue annual about four inches high). 
YeUow Alyssum could be substituted for the Portulaca, if preferred. 

In this border there would be a continuous bloom the greater part 
of the season. 

The Ulster Garden Club, 

Kingston, N. Y. 

A successful semi-neglected border consists of the following, be- 
ginning at the outer edge and going back: 
Primula veris superba, 
Early and late Peonies, 
Fall sown annual stock-flowered Larkspur, 
Phlox, 
Valerian 
Hollyhocks 
Dahlias, 
Boltonia, 
Lilacs. 

Elizabeth C. Ritchie, 
Amateur Gardeners of Baltimore. 

Book Reviews 

A History of Gardening in England, by The Hon. Mrs. Evelyn Celcil. 

John Murray, London, 1910. 

Although somewhat of a retrospective review, a book of so much 
value must not go unmentioned in The Bulletin. When you have 
read it you will know all you really need to know of gardening in 
England, but your desire for knowledge is so stimulated, your interest 
so roused, that the exhaustive bibliography appended is as eagerly 
studied as the body of the book. The story of English gardens, 



gardening and gardeners, from the Roman Conquest to the present is 
told briefly, but with much interesting detail, in parts. To those who 
wish to know essentials with little trouble, the book is invaluable; 
for those who wish to study the subject thoroughly, it is the best of 
guides. 

K.L.B. 

Trees, Shrubs, Vines and Herbaceous Perennials, by John Kirkegaard, 
assisted by Dr. H. I. Fernald and Professor E. A. White — Wil- 
liams Bookstores Company, Boston, Mass. Price, $2. 50. 
A new edition of a useful reference book. The value of the work 
lies in the practical help it offers in planting and culture, rather than 
in planning or design. Upon the latter subject it is inadequate and 
the space devoted to it would better have been saved. On the other 
hand its cultural information and directions for planting, pruning and 
spraying, its chapters on the making of lawns, or roses, insects, etc., 
are excellent. A large classified table of trees, shrubs, vines and 
perennials with clear description of varieties is a valuable feature of the 
book and the illustrations are extremely good, giving examples of the 
less familiar species and varieties of trees and shrubs. 

M.D.B. 

Committees 

Since the Annual Meeting, the following appointments have been 
made by the President: 

Chairman of the Committee on Garden Literature, 
Mrs. Tiffany Blake, Garden Club of Illinois, 

23 E. Walton Place, Chicago, and Lake Forest, 111. 

Chairman of the Lecture Committee, 

Mrs. Horatio W. Turner, Garden Club of Princeton, 
8 E. Read Street, Baltimore, and Princeton, N. J. 

As stated in the Annual Report, it was decided that this year, 
The Garden Club would have as a feature of the Annual Meeting 
a Garden Planning Competition. Hitherto a prize has been given for 
the best essay on a given subject, but from now on the prize will be 
awarded to the best garden plan submitted. It has been suggested 
that these plans be carried out in plasticine, monolithic clay or some 
other modeling material. As yet no rules have been laid down but a 
committee is being formed and in the next issue of The Bulletin 
full particulars will be given. 



Committee on Testing New Plants 

It is a simple and interesting business for the name of a new Com- 
mittee to be suggested, and quite as easy a matter for the Chairman 
to accept new honour — especially if the name be one with fascinating 
possibilities. 

When, however, this same Chairman sits down calmly at home, 
and thinks the matter over, all sorts of questions arise, as to the 
real object, her fellow members, methods of work, etc., until she be- 
comes half mad with fright and uncertainty. 

Such was the fate of the Chairman of the newly-formed Committee 
on the "Testing of New Plants." The Editor of the Bulletin has 
suggested that the plan of work be stated briefly and clearly. 

The subject is a large one, and perhaps it would be well to give 
the exact wording of the resolution: "Two new Committees were 
appointed by the Chair — "The Testing of New Plants." Mrs. 
Hague of the Newport Garden Association was appointed Chairman, 
and various Clubs volunteered to take up this work and to report 
to Mrs. Hague." 

Mrs. Hague accepted on the spot, and is now a worried woman. 
Will the Bulletin allow her to request that the Volunteer Clubs 
communicate with her? The Rye Garden Club has reported the name 
of its chosen Committee member. If the others would do the same, 
at the same time making suggestions, the proud but unhappy Chair- 
man would see more clearly — her pleasure as well as responsibility. 

It is easy to confuse Agriculture, Horticulture and Botany. 
The Government Department of Agriculture could be approached, 
also the Botanical Gardens and Experiment Stations. It would 
seem, however, that the subject would be clarified, should each Club — 
or its acting member — secure the newest specimens of shrubs, 
herbaceous plants or annuals, to be had from the best commercial 
houses in her own neighborhood, give any such a fair trial, keep a 
clear record, and at the proper time send such record to the Chairman 
of the new Committee. 

The scattered localities of the Clubs, the different soils, and 
conditions of cultivation, would make an interchange of theories and 
results most valuable. Why not start in this modest fashion, and 
should it be possible to secure information from really scientific 
sources, to do so? 

First of all, will the Volunteer Clubs send their names, or that of 
some interested member to, Mrs. Arnold Hague, 

Newport, Rhode Island. 



Many requests reach the Editor for old copies of the Bulletin and 
for extra copies of the current issues. Old numbers are very scarce 
and the surplus of each issue is small. It has, therefore, been decided 
to sell, to Club members only, old copies when available and extra 
copies for ten cents ($0.10) each. For convenience, payment may be 
made in stamps. 

Garden Records 

The Garden Records are now ready and may be had from the 
Editor at the following prices : 

Mr. Clarke's Plant and Seed Record, per ioo . . .$i .50 
Mrs. Hibbard's 3 Year Garden Record, per 100 . . 1 . 50 
Binders containing 50 each of above 3 . 50 

Loose Leap Binders 

The Editor regrets that, owing to the increased cost of leather 
and paper, the price of Binders has increased as follows: 

Binders with 100 filler sheets $2 . 40 

Index 60 



HOLLAND BULBS and 
HARDY PERENNIALS 

of HIGH QUALITY and Choicest Varieties for 

FALL PLANTING 

Let us send our Catalogue 

FRANKEN BROTHERS 

Box 520 DEERFIELD, ILLINOIS 



FARR'S 

HARDY PLANT SPECIALTIES 

Peonies, Irises, Delphiniums, Phloxes, New 

Hybrid Lilacs, Deutzias, Philadelphia 

BERTRAND H. FARR 

Wyomissing Nurseries 
120 Garfield Ave. Wyomissing, Penn. 

BOBBIN K & ATKINS 

"WORLD'S CHOICEST NURSERIES 
and GREENHOUSE PRODUCTS- 
GROWN IN AMERICA 
VISIT NURSERIES ASK FOR CATALOG 

Nurserymen, Florists and Planters 

RUTHERFORD - - NEW JERSEY 

New Lily from China 

LILIUM REGALE (Myriophyllum) 

THIS grand new species is acknowledged to be 
the finest lily in cultivation. Flowering bulbs 
for October delivery. 90c each, $10.00 per dozen. 
Also Other New and Rare Plants from China 
Write for Special Catalogue of New Plants 

R. & J. FARQUHAR & CO., Boston, Mass. 



Dc 



and Cottage 1 UL.1I O 



Daffodils, PEONIES, 



Now Ready 



Rare Hardy Plants 
WRITE FOR COMPLETE FALL CATALOGUE 

VAUGHAN'S SEED STORE 

31-33 West Randolph Street - - CHICAGO 
43 Barclay Street - - NEW YORK 

ROSES 

Climbing American Beauty and Christine Wright 
(a climbing Madam Caroline Testout) originated 
and introduced by us are the finest yet produced. 
Purity, a white climber. A few plants ready now. 
HOOPES, BRO. & THOMAS COMPANY 

Maple Avenue Nurseries 
Established 1853 WEST CHESTER, PA. 



GEORGE C WOOLSON 

SPECIALIST IN 

ALPINE, BOG AND HERBACEOUS 

PERENNIALS, BULBS AND 

RARE NATIVE PLANTS 

More than 2000 Species growing at 

HAST1NGS-ON-HUDSON NEW YORK 

Have you the Japanese PagodaTree 

SophoraJaponica. It's a beautiful, small growing 
tree with delicate pinnate foliage of lustrousgreen 
color, turning to brilliant yellow in Autumn. 
Get it at Moons' — as well as other Hardy Trees 
and Plants for Every Place and. Pur- 
pose. Catalog upon request. 

The ¥m. H. Moon Company 

Nurserymen Morrisville, Pa. 

The Best of Everything in 

SEEDS, PLANTS and BULBS 

Autumn Catalogue now ready. Write for a copy. 

HENRY A. DREER 

714-716 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Peterson's Perfect Peonies 

The standard by which others 
are judged. 

Catalog on application 

GEORGE H. PETERSON 



Rose and Peony 
Specialist 



Box 15. 
FAIR LAWN, N. J. 



Kelsey's Hardy American Plants 
and Carolina Mountain Flowers 

Native Hardy Rhododendrons, Azaleas, Kalmias, Andro- 

medas, Etc. Rock, Water and "Wild" Gardens Designed 

and Planted for Permanent Effect. 

HARLAN P. KELSEY, Landscape Architect 
SALEM, MASSACHUSETTS 

Owner, Highlands Nurser\> in North Carolina and 
Boxford Nursery in Massachusetts 

Gardens at Home and Abroad 

A lecture advocating hardy gardening and de- 
scribing some of the best gardens in England and 
America, by J. Wilkinson Elliott. The lecture is fully 
illustrated with one hundred and fifty beautiful 
slides, mostly colored. 

Terms for this lecture will be furnished Garden 
Clubs and other organizations on application. 

ELLIOTT NURSERY COMPANY 
PITTSBURGH, PA. 



All advertisements endorsed by members of the GARDEN CLUB OF AMERICA 
In writing to Advertisers kindly refer to the Bulletin 



Bulletin of 

XLhc <$arben Club 

of Hmertca 



November, 1916 



No. XVII 



President 
MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia 
Treasurer 
MRS. H. D. AUCHINCLOSS 

33 E. 67TH Street, New York 
Secretary 
MRS. BAYARD HENRY 

Germantown, Philadelphia 
Librarian 
MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia 



Vice-Presidents 

MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 

Princeton, New Jersey 

MRS. BENJAMIN FAIRCHILD 

New Milford, New York 

MRS. FRANCIS KING 

Alma, Michigan 

MRS. JOHN E. NEWELL 
West Mentor, Ohio 



Editor 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

Lake Forest, Illinois, and 1220 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago 



The objects of this association shall be: to stimulate the knowledge and love of gardening among 
amateurs; to share the advantages of association, through conference and correspondence in this 
country and abroad; to aid in the protection of native plants and birds; and to encourage civic planting. 



wild west wind, thou- breath of Autumn's being, 
Thou from whose unseen presence the leaves, dead, 
Are driven like ghosts from an enchanter fleeing, — 



Wild Spirit, which art moving everywhere; 
Destroyer and preserver; hear, O hear! 



The trumpet of a prophecy! O wind. 

If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind? 

— P. B. Shelley. 



If, after a summer of disappointments, your faith in nature, in- 
cluding human nature, wanes, do a little fall-planting. 

There is nothing so drab, so ugly, so misshapen, so hopeless as a 
mertensia root, but when pink- tipped buds open into bluest flowers on 
sturdy green stems beautifully set with leaves, that dead husk 
proves its inner beauty. 

Have you ever planted thread-like roots of wood anenomes, so 
tiny that it seems a waste of time to stick them carelessly into the 
ground? But earlier, even, than great, hulking daffodil bulbs they 
dare to thrust up their lovely, frail flowers. 

Tulip bulbs have always a neat, smug air that inspires a certain 
confidence, but those of hyacinths and narcissi seem too stolid for 
any but utilitarian crops. They give no hint of the color and grace 
and sweet odors stored within. 

The ugly, brown tassels that will one day give forth a tangled, 
white garland of clematis, the miserable, shriveled sticks that flame 
into butterfly weed, the gnarled tangle that grows and blooms an 
opulent peony; they are nothing in autumn, just dull and ugly. 

Is there room for discouragement and faithlessness when each year 
on our own little plots of ground such miracles come to pass? 

Taken from "The Guardian" 

Alexander Pope 
Tuesday, September 29, 17 13 

"I believe it is no wrong observation that persons of genius, and 
those who are most capable of art, are always most fond of nature: 
as such are chiefly sensible that all art consists in the imitation and 
study of nature. On the contrary, people of the common level of 
understanding are principally delighted with little niceties and fantas- 
tical operations of art, and constantly think that finest which is least 
natural. A citizen is no sooner proprietor of a couple of yews then he 
entertains thoughts of erecting them into giants, like those of Guildhall. 
I know an eminent cook who beautified his countryseat with a corona- 
tion dinner in greens; where you see the champion flourishing on 
horseback at one end of the table, and the queen in perpetual youth at 
the other. 

"For the benefit of all my loving countrymen of this taste, I shall 
here publish a catalogue of greens to be disposed of by an eminent 
town gardener, who has lately applied to me upon this head. He 
represents that, for the advancement of a politer sort of ornament 
in the villas and gardens adjacent to this great city, and in order 



to distinguish those places from the mere barbarous countries of 
gross nature, the world stands much in need of a virtuoso gardener 
who has a turn to sculpture, and is thereby capable of improving upon 
the ancients of his profession in the imagery of evergreens. My cor- 
respondent is arrived to such perfection, that he cuts family pieces of 
men, women, or children. Any ladies that please may have their own 
effigies in myrtle, or their husbands in hornbeam. He is a Puritan 
wag, and never fails when he shows his garden to repeat that passage 
in the Psalms : ' Thy wife shall be as the fruitful vine, and thy children 
as olive branches round thy table.' I shall proceed to his catalogue, 
as he sent it for my recommendation : 

"Adam and Eve in yew; Adam a little shattered by the fall of the 
tree of knowledge in the great storm; Eve and the Serpent very flour- 
ishing. 

"The Tower of Babel, not yet finished. 

"St. George in box; his arms scarce long enough, but will be 
in condition to stick the dragon by next April. 

"A green dragon of the same, with a tail of ground-ivy for the 
present. 

"N.B. These two not to be sold separately. 

"Edward the Black Prince in cypress. 

"A laurustine bear in blossom, with a juniper hunter in berries. 

"A pair of giants, stunted, to be sold cheap. 

"A queen Elizabeth in phylyraea, a little inclining to the green- 
sickness, but full of growth. 

"Another queen Elizabeth in myrtle, which was very forward, 
but miscarried by being too near a savin. 

"An old maid of honor in wormwood. 

"A topping Ben Jonson in laurel. 

"Divers eminent modern poets in bays, somewhat blighted, to be 
disposed of, a pennyworth. 

"A quickset hog, shot up into a porcupine, by its being forgot a 
week in rainy weather. 

"A lavender pig with sage growing in his belly. 

"Noah's ark in holly, standing on the mount; the ribs a little 
damaged for want of water.' " 



Lines written for the Catalogue of the Royal Horticultural So- 
ciety's Sale held at the Society's Hall, in Vincent Square, on June 27, 
28, and 29, for the benefit of the Red Cross. 

Think not that Earth unheeding lies 

Tranced by the summer' 's golden air, 
Indifferent, under azure skies, 

What blows of War her children bear. 

She that has felt our tears like rain, 

And shared our wounds of body and soul, 

Gives of her flowers to ease our pain, 
Gives of her heart to make us whole. 

— 0. S. 

Attractive Weeds 

Last summer I was so impressed with the so-called weeds that 
sprang up in my garden from nowhere, and made such lovely masses 
of color or unusual effects with the garden flowers, that I made the 
following notes. It is needless to say that they flourished like the 
biblical tree, while the choicer cousins gently died or grew spindly, 
according to the value you had placed upon their effect in the general 
garden scheme. The same perverseness that haunts us in every day 
life hovers over the garden, and for no possible explanation a desired 
plant will curl up and depart, while next door the divided clump will 
grow, bloom, and prosper with an airy indifference to your half that is 
surely disappearing. But these kindly weeds will respond wonder- 
fully to the rich — for them — garden soil, and still more kindly, 
reappear year after year, if allowed to, somewhere in the garden. 

The first on my list is Venus's Looking Glass, belonging to the Bell 
flower family, and is in color a violet purple — see Dr. Ridgway's 
chart. It raised spire-like stalks with tiny flowers from a mass of 
Dusty Miller that was tumbling over the stones that edged the bed. 
In spite of the small flowers it gave a distinct note of color especially 
effective with the grey, and I found it most attractive to arrange in a 
natural-color wicker basket placed in the window ledge. The flowers 
remained fresh for nearly a week. It bloomed away all summer, and 
I found I could keep it from looking shabby until September by 
cutting back the stalks in July or after the last flowers on the stalk 
had bloomed. 

Eupatorium, Joe Pye Weed, came up close to the Rudbeckia 
purpurea, purple cone flower, and was the darker tone of that plant. 
It grew tall, rather stately, had no enemies and did not look so dingy 



as when seen by the dusty roadside. Its color is "dark vinaceous" 
while the cone flower is "deep vinaceous" and even lighter, and both 
these colors are from the same tone scale of Dr. Ridgway's chart. 
It was most effective and well worth letting live, I thought, and when 
arranged for the house with some of the tall plume grass and placed in 
a copper bowl, the coloring was most artistic, as the copper seemed to 
repeat the tone of the flowers, while the plume grass was like the silver 
sheen seen in the high lights of the copper. 

Queen Ann's Lace came up in the iris bed, and grew like the 
traditional bean stalk. The whole plant was over six feet high. For 
weeks I cut flower after flower to arrange with the tiger lilies, and 
they were never missed from the masses of blooms that the plant 
developed in the iris bed. If it would but come up again in the 
shrubbery it would be a great addition to any effect or color scheme. 
It grew very shabby in August so I had to cut it down, but across 
the way Boneset appeared and that lasted well into October. Both 
these plants are good whites for the garden and especially good to use 
as cut flowers when one would hesitate to sacrifice the garden phlox. 

Virginia Day Flower, Spiderwort family, makes a dense spreading 
undergrowth in the beds and will give a lovely true blue note if al- 
lowed to grow in the rich soil, but it is of no value as a cut flower. 
We find so few true blue flowers that I treasure this weed and actually 
depend upon it to intensify my blue bed that I do not keep as blue as 
I would like. It is the exact tint of the color called after the family 
"Commelina blue" — see Dr. Ridgway. 

The wild wood Aster, white with a small flower, is worth trans- 
planting, if one can identify it on a wet day in August, for it grows ap- 
parently without a stop, and makes a wonderful effect with the larger 
cultivated violet Asters that are so desirable in September for a hardy 
garden. None of the bug or mildew enemies that we fight so religious- 
ly among the cultivated flowers seem to like these wild cousins when 
the rarer relations are around. I can pick dozens of rose bugs off the 
lovely buds of Radiance or Dean Hole, while five feet away a wild 
rose covers itself with flowers and never a visit from the bug so near. 
How it, the bug, can discriminate between the two rose bushes, for in 
bud the color is similar, and why it should prefer the fatter rose 
to a slimmer one, I never can see, and blame it all to the "contrari- 
wiseness" of the living world. 

The following list I transplanted in the garden, though they do not 
thrive as well as they should. But in their way they are satisfac- 
tory and I hope to establish them, so they will be deceived into believ- 
ing that they came of their own accord and flourish like the others. 



Butterfly Weed, with a root like the dock, is hard to establish, 
and now after three years I never get the glowing mass of color that I 
see on the roadside choked with dust and dried by droughts. But it is 
so artistic in a warm, grey-brown bowl and lasts so well in water that 
I am hoping for the best, regardless that it is much too intense for the 
other flowers in the garden. I tuck the blossom out of sight or cut it 
freely for the house rather than move it. 

Succory, a deep lavender in color, is so beautiful with Queen 
Ann's lace that, in spite of its raggedness, I am trying to establish it 
in the blue bed as well as Viper's Bugloss, which is a souvenir of the 
May Anchusa and wonderful for Japanese effects in flat bowls. No 
better yellow for the hardy aster bed can be planted than the Golden- 
rod, the feathery variety, color buttercup yellow, French chart, and, 
as hardy Asters need yellow to bring out their purples or violet blues, 
I find it more effective than using marigolds or zinnias from the seed 
bed. The variety called "seaside" Goldenrod has a heavy stalk 
and does not bloom in my garden until late September, but fills in a 
gap until the chrysanthemums come along, full and strong. 

Taken as a fist for an informal garden planting, these so-called 
weeds are very satisfactory, for, as I say, the enemies of plant life 
leave them alone, they demand very little attention and are so grate- 
ful for the garden soil and moisture after their struggle with oiled 
roads that I sympathize with them and let them flourish in peace, 
taking in return their color and desire to make themselves worthy 
to grow beside the fairer and frailer cousins. 

Charlotte Cowdrey Brown, 
(Mrs. S. A. Brown) Rumson Garden Club. 

Self-Control in the Small Garden 

The following advice is offered to those beginners who will have 
little, if any, assistance in their gardens. It is the outgrowth of 
experience. 

Make the size of your garden, to start with, smaller than you are 
sure you can care for. 

Weeding and cultivating, which should be done after every rain, 
are only two of the many things to be attended to. The beginner is 
apt to think that they will constitute most of the care of her garden, 
but there are many things besides: pruning, hard for the beginner; 
thinning out ; division of plants, some needing attention in the spring, 
like chrysanthemum, some in mid-summer, like iris and pyrethrum, 
some in the fall, like delphinium. There is spraying, too (the writer 



has got to the point of eliminating plants like hollyhocks, which do not 
succeed with her unless they get this care) and there is fertilizing, with 
here a little sheep manure on the anemones, there a handful of bone- 
meal around each rose bush, or a little liquid manure on the same. 
Staking has to be done with care, if it is not to show, and watering takes 
time and strength. The ground must be prepared for annuals, if they 
are to be sown in the open ground (not the best way in a small garden) 
or they must be raised in flats or frames ; and so on, ad infinitum. 

And here a word of caution as to annuals, the snare of the begin- 
ner. Cut out of your small garden, where you get no help, as many as 
possible. The novice, tempted by catalogues, orders many more than 
she can manage, a packet here, another there of those she thinks she 
cannot bear to be without. A few springs and early summers de- 
voted to transplanting seedlings from one flat to several fiats, and 
thence to the open ground, and this same gardener, with little help, 
will be cured of the promiscuous annual habit. 

Next, plan your garden with system and accuracy, the more of 
both the easier for the caretaker in the long run. Allot the space 
carefully, giving much thought to color, and then stick to your plan, 
refusing with firmness all offers of extra plants from kind friends. 
If you can figure, before beginning, how many plants of a certain 
variety should be put in a given space (not in rows, of course) and 
adhere to that plan, you will succeed better than the tender-hearted 
person who cannot bear to waste a plant and sticks in here and there 
what is left over. Give away or waste plants ruthlessly. 

And here other objections to annuals may be offered. In a small 
garden they, in general, require more care to look presentable than 
do perennials. The writer is not one who cares for the gardener- 
tidied garden either. Nor is color scheme so sure as with well- 
chosen perennials. The healthiest plants of all are so often off-color, 
and at best entail so much replacing. After they have bloomed they 
die quite thoroughly; the leaves dry up, as do the stems, and it 
is necessary to put something in their place and at once. Some per- 
ennials, of course, have this same fault, but for the small garden those 
with the most enduring foliage should be chosen. 

Again, let not the beginner change her plan in the middle of sum- 
mer, or even at the end of a first year. Let her change slowly, as an 
outgrowth of experience, not of whim, and she will have more to show, 
for her self-control will be rewarded in spite of discouragement. 

"Self-control," that is the motto for the beginner in gardens! 
By its firm exercise she may, instead of spending every minute at her 
disposal laboring hotly and hurriedly, find time occasionally to sit 



down in the shade and really enjoy the beauty of the plants she has 
succeeded in rearing. 

[The Editor regrets that the foregoing wise and sensible article has 
no signature, so credit cannot be given where it is due.] 



The Stay-at-Home 

Xo voices can call me to Candahar. 

Rangoon, nor the Pink Arabian Sea ! 
The magical syllables, Malabar, 

Sing no Lorelei song to me ! 

Why should I long for an Arden tree? 
Carcassonne never was one of my aims. 

I have my own little Arcady, — 
The flowers in my garden have lovely names ! 

Others may journey to Miramar, 

Samoa, Ispahan, Muscovy. 
I find it pleasanter here by far, 

Where primulas grow, and anemone ! 

Fennell, angelica, rosemary, 
Bergamot (burning like scarlet flames), 

Pale veronica (sought by the bee), 
The flowers in my garden have lovely names ! 

For I was born neath a gardening star, 

When the daffodils danced in their April glee. 
Maple-trees blazed like the cinnabar 

While I studied my flowery A-B-C. 

"A is Armeria — Balsam is B — " 
I learned from old Nature, the best of dames, 

Down to "V for Valerian, Zinnia — Z." 
The flowers in my garden have lovely names! 

Envoi 

So voyage, oh people, whoever you be, 

From Far Lochaber to Calgary, 

This stay-at-home person wont join your games — 

The flowers in her garden have lovely names. 

Anne FJjgginson Spicer, 
Garden Club of Illinois. 






Day Lilies or Hemerocallis 

With their lovely foliage of long, slender, drooping leaves, their 
brilliant yellow flowers, and their absolute freedom from mildew 
and rust, these lilies are a delightful addition to any perennial garden 
and most of them have the added virtue of being very hardy. They 
are as impossible to kill as the proverbial cat with nine lives. 

We have specialized with them and have eighteen varieties in 
our garden r so arranged that we have a constant succession of bloom, 
one variety following another from the middle of May untiLearly 
September. (j__ \ 

The first to come in the Spring, about May 15th, is the Dumortierii, J f^^*^ ** 
a rich orange flower, low-growing and not fragrant. This blooms i fO^ r 
cheerily for two weeks or more and is followed by the lovely, tall, 
sweet-scented Flava, the lemon day lily of our grandmother's gar- 
dens. Of this Miss Keeler says that it is so hardy that it may 
any day leap thg garden wall and grow wild like its brother the 
Fulva. /C 

fc ^ When the Flava is nearly done blooming comes on a new and 

1 5-0 /^ very beautiful iiTy^the Sovereign; its buds are brown and when the 
<j/"iO, flower opens there is a brown band on the outside, giving great dis- 
, $ -J tinction to the flower. It is a very graceful lily with a long stem and 
a delicious fragrance. 

After this in rapid succession come the Aureole; the Orangeman; \1aj 

Dr. Regel, a low-growing bright orange; Gold Dust^-very like Dr. sh--t«^ 
Regel but much smaller; Meehan's Hybrid, a large^orange flower but /e: p* 

t in my garden a low-growing plant. 

I§J± ^ ^ Aurantiaca Ma jor is highly commended by Meehan in his catalogues 

W J but w£ Tiave not been able to raise it. Evidently it is not hardy in 

^55 :=r ^MS*latitude . 

^ ^ About July 6th the Fulva makes its great showing. This old 

fashioned tawny lily is found in every cottage garden and grows 

wild by the wayside. It is really a day lily as its Greek name signifies, 

Hemerocallis, beautiful for a day. 

Many of the so-called day lilies stay open over night, as we 
found in making late evening tours in the garden with our electric 
torch. 

About the 15th of July the Thu nberg jrrybeg ins to bloom. It ' ^ 
has a long graceful stalk with mMy flower buds and its fragrance 
is delicious. It was introduced from Japan in 1S90 and is an improve- 
ment on the Flava which it is very like in color. However, it is a foot 
taller and has a much longer period of bloom. All its blossoms when 



picked and put in water will open even to the smallest bud. At the 
same time with Thunberg blooms the Aurantiaca Major and the Apri- 
cot, a lovely lily. 

Late in July we watch eagerly for the new and splendid Chinese 
lily, the Citrina. This has blossoms six inches long, borne on very 
tall stalks and the fragrance is delicious. This is really the king of 
the Hemerocallis and makes a great show in the border. 

After this comes the Variegata lily with its striped green and 
white leaves and its bright yellow flowers. It is a handsome 
addition. 

Early in August the Kwamso makes its appearance; this is a 
Japanese lily very handsome and very hardy, rather low-growing 
but with long stems and brilliant, tawny double flowers. Meehan 
says its period of bloom is longer than any of the lilies, often lasting 
a month. It is very gorgeous, very hardy, and has all the graces 
except that of fragrance. 

And now we bring our calendar of the lilies to an end with the last 

t-df come in my garden, the old fashioned white day jfly which blooms 

\V\3-\ well into September. It belongs to the Funjg'a,' farnjly^ and has 

j» broad light-green leaves. Its tall stalk of white flowers and its de- 

Aj* t *^s S *" Hcious fragrance is well known and loved by us all, and it is of this 

OA * s l^v that Maeterlinck sings — "The great white Lily with its chalice of 

' silver, the old Lord of the garden, the immemorial lily." 

Alice Munroe, 
<" f"^"" * Litchfield Garden Club. 

^ tf**l 3 U Saving the Dunes 

- . A proposal is now made to save the Indiana Dunes as a public 

.memorial to James Whitcomb Riley. Anything to wake the public 
indifference to the wonderful natural phenomena we possess in the 
Dune country east of Gary is to be welcomed, and the popularity of 
the beloved Indiana poet may advance the project as previous appeals 
have not succeeded in doing. We do not associate the poetry of 
Riley, which is pastoral, with the rather austere splendor of the Dunes, 
but Riley was too true an Indianian and too true a lover of natural 
beauty not to have given his hearty approval to the preservation of 
such a resource for the people. 

The Dunes, as too few Americans are aware, are one of the most 
interesting natural phenomena on the American continent, a treasure 
store for the botanist and the lover of nature. They are almost 
unique in character and they are besides a great natural park, ac- 
cessible to millions by good roads, trolley lines, and railroads. There 



is a splendid beach for bathing, hills to climb, flora of great beauty 
and variety, and striking scenery. 

That the Dunes should be allowed to disappear before the advanc- 
ing march of commercialism would be a sin against ourselves and our 
posterity. 

The Park in the Dunes 

That there should be a national park on Lake Michigan for the 
people in the industrial centers near-by is a vital point in the argument 
to save the Dunes of Indiana as a pleasure ground. It would be a 
shame to the public spirit of the cities of northen Indiana if they per- 
mitted their remaining stretch of beaches, famed for moving dunes, 
for geologic, botanic, and various scientific wonders as well as world 
renowned for beauty, to be torn to pieces for mill sites. Surely a 
conception of what a national park of unspoiled country and lake shore 
would mean to the millions of toilers within an hour's journey on their 
holidays, should be enough to convince the Department of the Interior 
that it ought to be set apart for park purposes. 

Nearly all, if not all, the national parks are at remote distances 
from the centers of population. They will never be enjoyed by the 
majority of American citizens, many of whom have a heartfelt longing 
for clear skies, open waters, woodlands, and all that nature can give 
in the wild. The Dunes between Chesterton and Michigan City 
have infinite variety of landscape, shore, forest, hill, valley, and marsh 
and inland streams, with all the trees, shrubs, wild flowers, and birds 
native to the zone. 

There is no national park on the east shore of Lake Michigan, the 
great inland sea. Wisconsin has dedicated a strip of shore on the 
west coast, the Wisconsin State Park at Green Bay. The loss of 
Indiana's bathing beaches for some twenty miles would be a serious 
matter for the future of the state. These, as well as a desire to pre- 
serve a region unique in beauty, are among the reasons for the resolu- 
tion presented by Senator Taggart in Washington the other day and 
for the organization of the National Dunes Park Association. 

The results of the investigations by Franklin K. Lane, Secretary 
of the Interior, to be reported to Congress Dec. i, will state whether 
the people really want to make a national park of the Dunes. Now is 
the time to arouse public enthusiasm and to convince the Secretary 
of the Interior of the value of the Indiana shore to the nation. 
Whether the government shall appropriate funds or private individ- 
uals subscribe for the purchase, whether the park shall be named for 
the loved Indiana poet, Riley, are questions that can be decided later. 



Now is the hour to rally all influences to save the dunes for a national 
park, and there should be no delay in getting forces to work. — Chicago 
Evening Post, September, 1916. 

Please write immediately to Secretary Lane urging that his report 
be favorable. 

A letter from you, personally, or from your Garden Club, or 
both will carry weight at just this time. The report will be made 
in December and expressions of opinion from the public at large 
may do much to influence it. 

Traffic in 

Ferns and Laurel for Florists' 

Use Increasing 

The matter of the preservation of ferns and laurel now being 
shipped in great quantities to the Florists of our near-by cities was 
brought up at the meeting of the Garden Club of America, at Lenox, 
in June. 

But the Wild Flower Committee of the Litchfield Garden Club 
wish to again bring the subject to the attention of all the member 
Clubs and Bulletin readers. 

The traffic in Christmas ferns and laurel is increasing most alarm- 
ingly in New England, and at many of the stations on the railroad 
bales of these, the most plentiful of our forest adornments, are con- 
stantly seen. 

In many cases, without doubt, these ferns and laurel are gathered 
and paid for by agents of the florists, for the New England farmer 
does not value what grows upon what he terms his "wild land." 

But in other instances they are taken without the consent of the 
owners of the forest land; usually from those whose winter homes are 
elsewhere. 

As the time required to educate the rustic Yankee mind to an 
appreciation of the aesthetic, as against the financial value of these 
"things beautiful," would doubtless be beyond the present advo- 
cates' alloted span of days, the suggestion is made that we aim 
to influence the demand for these particular "green things of the 
earth." 

The season is at hand when we are all having constantly come 
to us boxes of flowers in which are quantities of this very fern 
and laurel, to be used for the green demanded in all flower arrange- 
ments. 



Let each one of us, upon receiving these plants (with perchance a 
glance at the "gift horse's" mouth), protest to the florist from whom 
they come. 

Also when ordering insist that no ferns or other green be sent with our 
flowers save those which can be grown by the florists for this purpose. 

Surely a small task for each one of us, but yet an aid to one of the 
waves of betterment emanating from and set in motion by The Gar- 
den Club of America. Margaret L. Gage, 

Litchfield Garden Club. 

Poison Ivy 

Rhus tuxicodendron is that most troublesome of vines. It adds 
a wealth of color to the autumn landscape, but brings pain and suf- 
fering to humanity. How to rid our roadsides and wooded lands of 
this unwelcome visitor is a subject well worth our attention. 

Where a vine runs up a tree, chopping it through just above the 
roots will kill the growth but not the root, but salt placed in the root 
almost always kills it effectively. If the root is large enough bore 
a hole in it with bit and brace and fill it with salt. 

Old vines will bloom and fruit, and by this means the pest increases. 
Sometimes the ground becomes matted with Poison Ivy. Constant 
chopping at the vines with a hatchet at any time of the year is a help 
toward checking the growth, but winter is the proper time to go about 
ridding the neighborhood of this pest. Pull the vines out with a grub 
hoe. The following season little shoots will come up which were over- 
looked. The next winter go at it again. These two efforts should 
finish the business. 

We have had great experience in exterminating this vine, and where 
we have persisted we have been entirely successful in getting rid of it. 
I remember one experience with a large clump of white Lilacs at the 
entrance to our woods. They were at some distance from the house 
and had been neglected for years. The ground was completely matted 
with roots of Poison Ivy one half inch in diameter and lying on top 
of the ground. I went for them by myself, tearing and rending, 
and when almost exhausted my gardener appeared and I told him 
to finish it. We never had any Poison Ivy at that spot again. This 
was accomplished with one effort. I was terribly poisoned, however, 
on my arms where the gloves had not reached, and it was weeks before 
the bandages could be removed. 

I have tried many remedies. Nothing cures or stops the course of 
the poisoning, but some of these have proved soothing. If you are 
poisoned in summer the Jewel Weed — Impatiens Aurea — which 



grows along the roadsides will alleviate the pain. Rub the juice of the 
stems on the parts affected. I have also had relief from soda, alcohol, 
green soap and Baume Analgesique. Try all the remedies, but the 
poison has to run its course. 

Asiatic Campanula 

This is a very valuable plant. It is a perennial, very hardy and 
self-propagating. It thrives in a shady, dry situation though it likes 
the sun also. It grows about three feet high and has a fine spike of 
white bell-like flowers which are deeply indented like all the flowers of 
this large and interesting Campanula family. 

I suppose these Campanulas were native in Asia originally, but the 
seeds were brought to me by a cousin from Switzerland where they 
were being disseminated by a society which encourages the growing 
of wild flowers. I have made a special study of the propagation of 
these Asiatic Campanulas because I think they are so lovely and so 
valuable, and I hope that they may become known throughout this 
country and be grown in every neighborhood where gardeners work 
and love their plants. 

The plants grow best in garden soil and leaf mould. The seeds 
fall to the ground when they are ripe and mature the following July. 
The strength of the little plant seems to go into a tiny root tuber, so 
the first leaf is so small and insignificant that many people do not 
recognize it and think their seeds have not come up. This leaf of 
the seedling is about one half to an inch long and looks like a crumpled 
violet leaf. When the plant is one year old a small anaemic stem grows 
up and a tiny blossom comes out. One would never think the plant 
was ever going to amount to anything. Each year the plant de- 
velops, and when it is three years old it sends up spikes nearly 
one half an inch in diameter with racemes of bloom from 8 to 10 inches 
long. The root of the developed plant is a mass of strong short fibers 
attached to the tuber formed when a seedling. After four years it 
is best to take the plants up and divide them. If this is not done the 
plants will die in two or three years more, but there is never any danger 
of the bed dying out for the ground is always full of tubers of various 
ages. When the plant is taken up it will be found that the tuber has 
become woody and can be cut apart. Use a pruning knife, cut through 
the hard roots. One will find little pink buds all around this hard 
center, like miniature Peony buds. These are the new flower buds. 
Replant the divided roots. 

Virginia E. Verplanck. 



Mrs. Verplanck is anxious that Garden Club members should 
grow this interesting and beautiful plant. She has saved the seed and 
is prepared to sell it for the benefit of THE ARNOLD ARBORETUM. 
The packets are twenty-five cents each and may be had from Mrs. 
W. E. Verplanck, Mount Gulian, Fishkill-on-Hudson, N. Y. After 
November 15th, 112 Mercer St., Princeton, N. J. The supply is not 
large so send at once. 

Committee on Garden Literature 

The Committee has no Reviews to offer this month but is busy with 
a new plan of action. With the January number of The Bulletin 
will begin a series of reviews and articles which, it is hoped, will be 
of real and constant use to Garden Club members. 

Report of Lecture Committee 

The following list of lectures is submitted by the Lecture Commit- 
tee. All are, recommended by two or more Clubs. Details as to 
terms, etc., will be sent on application to the Chairman, Mrs. Horatio 
W. Turner, The Avon, Baltimore, Maryland. Members will realize 
that this Committee are collectors of the data given and assume no 
responsibility. 

Averill, Miss M "Japanese Flower Arrangement" 

83 Waverly Place, N. Y. 

Alderson, Miss "Herbaceous Plants and Flowering 

c/oMrs. Cope, Shrubs" 

Overbrook, Pa. "Sweet Peas." 

Barron, Mr. Leonard . . . "Roses and Greenhouses" 
Editor of the Garden Magazine, 
Garden City, Long Island. 
Baynes, Mr. Harold . . . "Wild Birds in the Garden" 

Meriden, N. H. 
Bisset, Mr. Peter, . . . " Some New Friends of the Plant World " 
Department of Agriculture, ■ 
Washington, D. C. 
Bright, Miss Anna L . . . "English Gardens and Others" (Illus- 
Bryn Mawr, Pa. trated by her own photographs in 

projector.) 

Bosley, Mr " Culture and Preservation of Trees" 

Johns Hopkins University, 
Baltimore, Md. 



Ridgway Color Chart" 



"Harmony and Succession in Garden 

Planting, also Perennials" 
"Nature's Preparation in Spring" 

"Garden Cities, English and German" 



Medicinal Plants" 



Brown, Mrs. S. A. . 

165 W. 58 St., N. Y. 
Brown, Mr. Stanly 
Coffin, Miss Marion . 

15 Gramercy Park, N. Y. 
Cook, Miss G. G 

165 W. 82nd St., N. Y. 
Culpin, Mr. Ehart G. . , 

c/oDr. E. W. Pratt, 
225 Fifth Ave., N. Y. 
Dawes, Dr. Spencer Lyman . 

139 Lancaster St., 
Albany, N. Y. 
Emmart, Mr "History of Landscape Art" 

Ellicott & Emmart, Architects, 
Baltimore, Md. 
Elliott J. Wilkinson . . . "Foreign Gardens" 

Magee Bldg., 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Farr, Mr. Bertrand "Iris and Peonies" 

Wyomissing, Pa. 
Farquhar, J. K. M. . . . "Japanese Gardens" 

6 So. Market Street, "Lilies" 

Boston, Mass. 
Farrand, Mrs. Max . . . "Old Gardens" 

(Beatrix Jones) 

21 E. nth Street, 
New York 
Felt, E. P "Gypsy Moths" 

N. Y. State Entomologist 
Fleming, Mr. Bryant . . "Interpretive Gardening" 

Buffalo, N. Y. 
Fullerton, Mrs " Vegetables and How to Grow Them " 

Medford, L. I. 
Free, Mr. Montague . 
Harrington, Mr. W. . 

Madison, N. J. 
Hunt, Chester Jay 

Montclair, N. J. 
Hunt, Miss Alice . 

Ann Arbor, Michigan 
Hunn, Mr. C. C. . . . 

Ithaca, N. Y. 
Hus, Dr. Henri 

University of Michigan, 
Ann Arbor, Mich. 



"Rock Gardens" 

"Hardy Flowers and Ways of Growing" 

"Bulbs: Iris, Tulips, Narcissi" 

"Gardens of Italy, England, and Amer- 
ica" 
"Flowers from a Judge's Point of View" 

"Burbank and His Work" 






Hutcheson, Mrs. W. A. . . "Flowering Shrubs and Fences, Hedges 
(Martha Brown) and Gates" 

45 East 82nd Street, N. Y. 
Job, Mr. Herbert B. . . . " Wild Life, with Motion Pictures " 

New Haven, Conn. 
Lee, Miss Elizabeth Leighton "Gardens I have Known" 

105 18th Street, "A Landscape Garden for Women" 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Levison, Mr. J. L. ... "Trees" 
Master of Forestry, 
123" Parkside Ave., 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Miller, Mr. Wilhelm . . . " The Illinois Way of Making a Garden " 
University of Illinois, 
Urbana, Illinois 

Mulford, Dr " Garden Planning " 

Dept. Agriculture, 
Washington, D. C. 
Marshall, Miss Lena T. . . " Mushrooms " (with slides) 
718 Madison Ave., 
New York 

Murrell, Dr: "Mushrooms" 

Asst. Curator of N. Y. Botanical Society, 
New York 
Nichols, Miss Rose Standish. "Garden Design" 
Cornish, N. H. 

Norton, Mr "Hybridizing" 

Department of Agriculture, 
Washington, D. C. 
Oldys, Dr. Henry .... "Value of Birds to the Garden" 

Silver Springs, Md. 
Pearson, Mr. J. Gilbert . . " Conservation of our Native Birds " 

1974 Broadway, N. Y. 
Peterson, Mr. George H. . . "Roses and Rose Culture" 
Fair Lawn, N. J. 

Palmer, Mr "Window Planting" (lecture illustrated 

Brookline, Mass. by exhibits) 

Powell, Prof. George T. . "Lawns and Pruning" 

128 W. 43rd Street, 
New York City 
Pratt, A. H. . . . . . "How to Attract Birds to the Garden" 

Houghton, Miflin & Co. 
New York City 
Pyle, Mr. Robert . . . . "Roses" 

Vice-Pres. of the Rose Assn., 
West Grove, Pa. 



Garden Readings 

"Foreign Gardens" (illustrated) 



Richards, Mrs. Waldo 

144 E. 40th Street, 

New York City 

Riggs, Arthur Stanley 

Thorndale, Chester Co., Pa 

Russell, Jos "Roses" 

c/o Stafford Flower Farm, 
Strafford, Pa. 
Shaw, Miss Ellen Eddey "Beginners' Garden" 

Doubleday, Page & Co., 

Garden City, Long Island 
Saunders, Prof. A. P. . . . "Peonies" 

Clinton, N. Y. 
Stone, Witmer .... "Birds in the Garden" 
5044 Hazel Avenue, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Strasburger, Mr "Shrubbery" 

Meehan & Co., 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Thilow, Mr. Otto .... "Fall Work: Shrubs, Succession of Iris, 
c/o Henry A. Dreer, etc." 

714 Chestnut St., 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Tracy, Mr. &Mrs. J.Hammond "Gladioli" 
Wenham, Mass. 

Vitale, Mr "Italian Gardens" 

Verplanck, Mrs. Wm. E. . "Three Seasonal Lectures" 
Fishkill-on- Hudson, N. Y., 
(in winter Princeton, N. J.) 
Vincent, Mr. M. R. . . 

Whitemarsh, Md. 
Warthin, Dr. A. S.. . . 
Ferndon Road, 

Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Walsh, Mr. M. H. . . 

Woods Hole, Mass. 
Wilson, Mr. E. H. . . . "General Information" 
Arnold Arboritum, 

Jamaica Plain, Mass. 
Withers, Mr. John 
Zimmerman, Miss Rosalie 
1340 Pacific St., 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Wright, Miss Letitia 
c/o Mrs. R. Wright, 
Logan, Pa. 



"Dahlias and Hardy Chrysanthemums" 
"A Home-made Garden" 

"Roses" 



"Flowering Shrubs" 

"Famous Gardens" (with slides) 



Bees" 



As will be noticed in the foregoing list, there are many omissions 
of initials, addresses, and subjects. The Committee and the Editor 
both dislike to publish so imperfect a report, but, until member Clubs 
learn to send correct and circumstantial announcements, committees 
and The Bulletin must continue to give mutilated information. 

Were it not that the Clubs are, at this time, making their programs 
for next year and that the demand for the list is immediate, it would 
be printed in a later issue, but as The Bulletin aims to be timely, it 
publishes the list for the suggestions it gives rather than for its 
accuracy. 

Will the Secretaries of member Clubs, in making further reports, 
give lecturers' full name, accurate address (street as well as town), 
subject of lecture, and terms? These will be kept on file and will be 
printed from time to time. 

Send all (and accurate) information to 

Mrs. Horatio W. Turner, 
The Avon, 8 E. Read Street, 

Baltimore, Md. 

Back Numbers of THE BULLETIN 

Many requests reach the Editor for old copies of The Bulletin 
and for extra copies of the current issue. All back numbers can be 
supplied except Nos. 6, 7, 10, and 14. If any Club members have 
copies of these numbers which they do not care to keep they will con- 
fer a great favor by sending them to the Editor since many libraries 
seem anxious to obtain complete files. 

All other issues are available for ten cents ($0.10) each. For con- 
venience, payment may be made in stamps. 

Garden Records 

The Garden Records adopted at the ANNUAL MEETING are 

now ready and may be had from the Editor at the following prices: 

Mr. Clarke's Plant and Seed Record, per 100. . . .$1 . 50 

Mrs. Hibbard's 3 Year Garden Record, per 100 . . 1 . 50 

Binders containing 50 of each 3 . 50 

Loose Leap Binders 
The Editor regrets that owing to the advancing cost of paper 
and leather, the price of binders has increased as follows: 

Binder with 100 filler sheets $2 . 40 

Index 60 

Extra filler sheets 60 



A Useful Christmas Present for Your 
Country Friend 

The Farm and Garden Time Table 

With practical daily hints covering all depart- 
ments of the country place, and with space for 
personal notes. $1.00 postpaid to any address 
in U. S. A. Order from 
CROSSROADS FARM, Garrison-on-Hudson, N. Y. 

The Blanchard Christmas Gift Box 

This dainty box contains bulbs of the best and 
choicest variety for home culture; a green bowl 
and fibre in which to grow them. A unique and 
charming gift. 

Sent postpaid with your card enclosed for $1 .00 

ANNIE R. BLANCHARD 

1 7 Hillside Avenue Melrose, Mass. 

TO GARDEN LOVERS 

THE JOHNSTON-HEWITT STUDIOS 
announce an exhibition of slides in color. 150 
views of many notable American estates and gar- 
dens, shown successfully at Lenox at the Annual 
Meeting of the Garden Club of America. Now 
available for Garden Clubs and other organiza- 
tions. Terms and particulars on application. 
THE JOHNSTON-HEWITT STUDIOS 
536 Fifth Avenue, New York 

"Pronunciation of Plant Names" 

Published by 

THE GARDEN CLUB OF MICHIGAN 

A useful and interesting Christmas gift ^ 1 ,-..-. 

for garden lovers. May be had for 4> ' -UU 

from MRS. EDWARD PARKER 
202 The Pasadena Detroit, Mich. 

Do You Love Trees ? 

We invite you to become a member and aid in 
the conservation of 

TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS 

We will teach you all about trees 

AMERICAN FORESTRY ASSOCIATION 
WASHINGTON. D. C. 

A Useful Novelty for Garden Workers 

A Kneeling Cushion with Tool Bag Attachment 
Made in different colored awning cloth with khaki lining. 
Prices: Single cushions, $3.50. To Club of 3 members, 
$7.50. Sample Cushions $2.50. 

Please send for illustrated Circular. Check must accom- 
pany order. Parcel Post paid by purchaser. 

When in use, Tool Bag attachment lies open on ground. 
Ample space for trowel, shears, note book, seeds, etc. When 
doted bag may be hung upon wrist. 

KNEELING CUSHION CO. 
254 Cedar Road New Rochelle, N. Y. 



GARDEN CLUB STATIONERY 

ENGRAVED AND PRINTED 

on green granite paper especially made 

to order for the use of the members of 

The Garden Clubs ofAmerica 

send for samples and prices 

MClNTIRE & COMPANY SSSSSSJ 

lOll CHESTNUT ST., PHILADELPHIA a PRINTERS 

MR. ROBERT PYLE 

The well-known Garden Lecturer and Rosarian 
invites correspondence from garden lovers and 
societies. Subject — "Roses and Rose Gardens," 
illustrated with finely colored lantern slides. 
Address 

WEST GROVE, PENN. 

AN IDEAL CHRISTMAS PRESENT 
COLOR STANDARDS AND COLOR 

NOMENCLATURE By Robert Ridgeway 
An authoritative work for the standardization of colors and 
color names. Adopted by Botanists and Naturalists and 
many industries throughout the world. Specially useful for 
Florists, Nurserymen and Garden Clubs. 
Illustrated by 53 plates, containing 1115 named hand- 
painted colors, arranged according to a system which pro- 
vides for the easy designation of intermediate hues, shades 
and tints, thereby practically increasing the number of color 
samples to more than 4,000. Price, $8.10, postage prepaid. 

Published by MRS. J. EVELYN RIDGWAY, 

OIney, Illinois R. F. P. No. 7 

BLUE BIRD 

Published in co-operation with the Cleveland 

Bird Lovers' Association and devoted to 

BIRD STUDY AND CONSERVATION 

$1.00 a year. 10 cents a copy. Agents wanted. 

Address 

Editor BLUE BIRD 

1010 Euclid Avenue Cleveland, Ohio 

MARTIN HOUSES 

Unique in their quiet harmony with the 

out-of-doors, designed by Lawrence Buck 

and executed by the 

BOYS OF ALLENDALE 

LAKE VILLA, ILLINOIS 

Send for Illustrated Catalog 

The Well-Considered Garden 

BY MRS. FRANCIS KING 

President of the Women's National Farm and Garden 

Association, one of the Vice Presidents of the Garden 

Club of America 

With a Preface by Getrude JekyH author of 
"Colour Schemes in the Flower Garden." 
Thirty-two illustrations. $2.00 net. 



All advertisements endorsed by members of the GARDEN CLUB OF AMERICA 
In Writing to Advertisers kindly refer to the Bulletin 



Bulletin of 

XLhc <3arben Club 

of Bmerica 



January, 1917 No. XVIII 



President Vice-Presidents 
MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN 

Chestnut Hill. Philadelphia MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 

Treasurer 34 E . 36TH Street, New York and 

MRS. H. D. AUCHINCLOSS Princeton, New Jersey 

33 E. 6 7 th Street New York and MRS. BENJAMIN FAIRCHILD 

Newport, R. I. 247 ^ IFTU Avenue, New York and 

MRS. BAYARd'hFnRY MR „ ^S^Xr*"* *"" 

Germantown, Philadelphia MKb. t KAN Lib K1WL. 

Librarian AlMA ' Michigan 

MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN MRS. JOHN E. NEWELL 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia West Mentor, Ohio 

Editor 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

1320 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, and Lake Forest, Illinois 



The objects of this association shall be: to stimulate the knowledge and love of gardening among 
amateurs; to share the advantages of association, through conference and correspondence in this 
country and abroad; to aid in the protection of native plants and birds; and to encourage civic planting 



Go, little book, and wish to all 
Flowers in the garden, meat in the hall, 
A bin of wine, a spice of wit, 
A house with lawns enclosing it, 
A living river by the door, 
A nightingale in the sycamore. 
R. l. s. 



The Bulletin herewith announces its intention to turn over 
many new leaves. All too well it knows and loathes its shortcomings 
and meekly bows its head to criticisms friendly or harsh. So far it 
has encountered few but gentle critics, constrained, perhaps, by 
tolerance for its youth or consideration for its editor's age. We 
beg its readers in the coming year to forget both and be frank if 
forbearing. 

There is one opinion expressed occasionally in the form of an 
accusation, which hurts, not because it is false but because it is true 
and misunderstood. It is said that The Bulletin is "amateurish." 

Of course it is. It pretends to be nothing more — or less. It 
is amateur, written by amateurs, for amateurs, and edited by an arch- 
amateur. It can be nothing else and desires no other name. 

Unfortunately the adjective implies reproach. It is for The 
Bulletin to prove that "amateurishness" does not mean inac- 
curacy, incompetency, stupidity and ignorance. An "amateur" is 
one who loves and we are garden amateurs. To The Bulletin we 
send praises of our beloved; we tell of eager service, hard- won suc- 
cesses, useful failures. It is to be hoped that some of us garden better 
than we write. It is certain that many writers write less well than we 
garden. 

It may be that this proud boast of amateurishness has spiked its 
guns, but might The Bulletin's editor humbly suggest a few leaves 
that could be turned by its contributors? 

Does it seem quite reasonable that out of the twenty or more re- 
ports contained herein, a dozen should be received in long-hand? 
That many of the slips sent out to the Member Clubs to ensure 
accuracy in the names and addresses of the officers, should be re- 
turned with a blank where the president's name should be? That 
lists of acceptable advertisers, issued for endorsement because the 
Clubs will not help to the small extent of sending endorsed names to 
The Bulletin, should be returned after long months checked but 
nameless and with the comment that "the list seems very incomplete"? 

The Bulletin is small, it is issued infrequently, it is amateurish; 
but the time, the energy and the self-control that go to its making 
would achieve prouder results if the few requests it made received a 
little more prompt and intelligent response. 

We beseech your forgiveness for this New Year's scolding and we 
send you a New Year's greeting. With high hopes, we quote from an 
ancient herbal : 

Things to best perfection come, 
Not all at once, but some by some. 



What is a Garden? 

Miss Jekyll's guarded and admirable criticism of the pictures of 
American gardens, reproduced in Miss Shelton's book, which was 
printed in the May Bulletin from her letter to Mrs. King, is worth 
emphasizing afresh. It notes in these gardens the absence of sim- 
plicity, which foreigners miss in things American. 

Bourget, in his book on the United States, with much to praise, 
thinks our love of size and show, regardless of their appropriateness, 
a national weakness — our entertainments are too lavish, our dinner 
tables overladen with silver, our "American Beauties" on their four 
foot stems are out of proportion, and one has too immediate a sense 
of repletion. Some such feeling results from the plethora of bloom 
and color effects so strenuously sought in the present fashion of our 
gardens. Like kaleidoscopes they lie before us in the plans gen- 
erally followed to-day. Often beautiful, the beauty is too obvious and 
too soon wearies the eye, which scarcely takes in one fine color scheme 
when the imperceptible movement of a muscle brings in another 
dazzling field of vision and bewilders us. A central point, to which 
Art says all else should lead up and be subordinated, is not there. 

In the "Landscape Gardening Book" by Grace Tabor, an ex- 
cellent work on elementary landscape gardening, she says, "It is 
decidedly contrary to our American ideas, but it is nevertheless a 
fact, that a garden may be absolutely flowerless and yet be lovely; 
flowers do not make a garden, revolutionary though the thought may 
seem. If you doubt, consider the places where it is possible to go and 
look at quantities of beautiful flowers, but where it is quite impossible 
to feel or say, 'What a beautiful garden! ' " 

The study of fine color schemes appears to be one of the most 
original and best lines of work in our American gardens, but let us 
beware of making it too characteristic by overdoing and so cloying the 
beholder. Just as a really well dressed woman should make us think 
of her own charm, and not of the cleverness and expensiveness of her 
dressmaker, so in a garden an atmosphere of serene beauty and fitness 
should be created that makes us accept the whole as something that 
could not be ordered otherwise, and with no sense of bewildered sur- 
prise at the gardener's skill. 

Should a garden be a horticultural display in a parallelogram 
of a few yards, or several hundred, as the case may be — or should 
it be a conglomeration of stones and mortar, amid inappropriate sur- 
roundings, into which flowers are tumbled, fondly called an "Italian" 
garden — so little resembling those classic models with their back- 
grounds of melting blue mountains, with the green boweriness of their 



cool alleys, and their foregrounds, strong with the massive shadows of 
the ilex or stone pine? 

Mr. Guy Lowell, in his recent important work "Smaller Italian 
Villas and Farmhouses," primarily an architectural book, writes; 
"It is not easy to re-create the spirit of design that made these 
gardens artistic masterpieces, for the contrast of depth of shadow 
in the foliage, with the brilliant sunlight on stone work, path, and pool, 
which one obtains in a garden requires just as much study and bal- 
ancing of proportion, just as careful a comparison of light and dark, as 
does the shadow projection of a cornice, or the relation between wall 
space and window opening in a building. This the artists of the 
sixteenth century felt, and with it seemed to combine the most difficult 
of all problems in garden designing — they tied their formal gardens 
in one complete pictorial composition to the landscape beyond. The 
laying out of the garden and farm group was expected of the architect 
of the Renaissance, who was also an artist and an engineer. The 
centrifugal force of modern life works against a coherent style in 
modern art." 

It seems as though the term garden, as now understood, should 
be vastly broadened, and garden planning include much that is not 
"dreamed of in our philosophy," and many problems that are as yet 
but dimly perceived. A garden, even though it be of modest size, 
should afford more than one emotion, it should not all reveal itself at 
one time; there should be some mystery, something to lure us on from 
point to point, the shady path, the dusky thicket which the birds 
haunt, the hidden nook suggesting repose, — not alone a riot of beauti- 
ful color that gives all in one unique and violent sensation, producing 
too soon a feeling of satiety. 

Georgiana W. Sargent, 

Garden Club of Lenox. 

The Christmas Rose 

With the people I have known the Christmas Rose (Helleborus 
Niger) has proved rather a difficult flower to raise, and they point 
with great pride to a single plant. Recently in an old box bordered 
garden, in front of a small white house, and directly on the street 
I have seen a mass in bloom over fifty feet long. The roots were 
covered with a few inches of dead leaves but the foliage of the plants 
and the flowers were fully exposed, and after four or five inches of 
snow, and some very cold weather, they were blooming bravely. The 
blossoms are nearly two inches in diameter white, waxy and very 
fragrant and are particularly fascinating at this season of the year 



when everything else is gone. This bed is said to be over sixty years 
old if not older. It faces south, and in summer the plants probably 
receive a measure of shade from the trees on the street. It seems to 
me it is a plant which should be more generally grown as it is said to 
be easy to manage when once established. 

Emily D. Renwick, 
November 25, 1916. Short Hills Garden Club. 



John Greenleaf Whittier's poem for the agricultural exhibition at 
Amesbury contained this verse: 



Give fools their gold, and knaves their power; 

Let fortune's bubbles rise and fall; 
Who sows a field, or trains a flower, 

Or plants a tree, is more than all. 



Mrs. Stout's 
New Prize Dahlia — Gertrude Dahl 

So many members of the Garden Club of America have enquired 
whether my new dahlia "Gertrude Dahl" may be had, that I have 
told them that as soon as I knew myself, I would write to The Bul- 
letin. 

As soon as the American Dahlia Society gave me this prize, I 
had a number of cuttings made from the two plants which I have 
in my garden, and now think that I shall have a number of " pot- 
tubers" which I shall be able to sell to those who want them. As 
some have to go to the experiment station in Geneva, and a good 
many have already been spoken for, I must add that I will be 
able to take orders and fill them in order of precedence only, at 
$3.00 per plant or two plants for $5.00. Orders may be sent to 
to me direct, or to Mrs. Henry B. Binsse, Short Hills, New Jersey, 
who is to handle the money, and buy and ship supplies to a hospital 
in Brittany. This hospital is on the estate of her sister, Mrs. Thebaud, 
and they have also upward of a thousand Belgian children there. I 
know personally that the money is entirely used for that purpose, and 
feel that greater good is done with it than any other such charity 
which has come to my notice. 

"Gertrude Dahl" is a very large peony dahlia with strong stiff 
stems. It is an opalescent pink and apricot in color and is very free- 
flowering. 



The dahlia "Sunshine" may now be had for $3.00 per tuber, or 
two tubers for $5.00, or $2.00 per plant, three plants for $5.00. The 
money goes to the same charity. 

Henrietta M. Stout, 

Short Hills Garden Club. 

Warning! 
White Pine Trees Being Destroyed 

They Are Valued at 8261,000,000 
and the White Pine Blister Rust is Killing Them 

A disease known as the White Pine Blister Rust threatens the 
destruction of all the white pine and other five leaved pine trees in 
the United States. 

It has already appeared in Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, 
Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, 
Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Minnesota and in Quebec and Ontario. 

There is no known cure for it. It kills the white pines infected and 
it spreads steadily. The spores or seeds are blown from diseased pines 
to currant and gooseberry bushes. They germinate on the leaves of 
these bushes. The leaves then produce millions of spores or seeds 
of the disease which are blown by the wind from the bushes to the 
pines, and these, even those several miles distant from the nearest 
bushes, are infected, become diseased and die. 

Unless the ravages of the White Pine Blister Rust are stopped 
these pines valued at $261,000,000 will be destroyed. 

The American Forestry Association urges people in all the regions 
where the disease has been discovered to destroy at once all currant and 
gooseberry bushes, diseased pines, and others exposed to infection. 

This will help to stop the spread of the disease. 

American Forestry Association, 

Washington, D. C. 

Now is the time for action. Help us to fight this disease. 



Rules for a Garden-Planning Competition 

■- : Hitherto the Garden Club has offered a prize to be awarded each 
year at the Annual Meeting, to the best essay submitted by a mem- 
ber, on a subject chosen by the Executive Committee. This year the 
plan has been changed and a prize will be given for the best Garden 
Design submitted under the following rules : 



The design shall be for a garden not to exceed 50x80 ft. but may be 
of any shape or contour which does not cover a larger area than 
4000 sq. ft. 

Either a quarter or half inch scale may be used. 

The plan must be executed in wax, clay, plasticine or some other 
plastic medium, with accessories of cardboard, wood or any conveni- 
ent material. 

A key plan explaining the plant material used and general detail 
must be submitted with the design. 

All designs must be forwarded between May 15th and June 15, 
191 7, to Mrs. Walter S. Brewster, Lake Forest, 111. 

Competitors should bear in mind while executing their plans that 
they must be substantially enough made to stand transportation. A 
drawing-board makes an excellent foundation on which to work. 
Cardboard is not sufficiently rigid. 

The designs will be judged by a jury of Landscape Architects to be 
chosen by the Committee. 

The prize will be awarded at the Annual Meeting on June 28th in 
Lake Forest where all competitive plans will be exhibited. 

It is hoped that interest will be widespread and that many 
entries will be made. The rules as to size, shape, scale, etc., are made 
elastic in the hope that Garden Club members will work out their 
personal garden problems and present them for competent criticism. 

All questions in connection with the competition may be 
addressed to The Bulletin. 

The report of the Gardeners of Montgomery and Delaware 
Counties tells of a similar contest. 

Mrs. Fairchild describes her method in the paragraph following: 

" In making mine, I use small stones to lay walls and pave terraces, 
looking glass to reflect water, branches of cedar wired into shape for 
tall cedar trees, snips of box and other evergreens, paint the wax 
green for grass, use tiny artificial flowers for borders or parterres in 
the color desired, and get tiny benches and figures to use where 
wanted. It is all great fun." 



Committee on Garden Literature 

Chairman — Mrs. Tiffany Blake, Garden Club of Illinois 

Members — 

Mrs. Francis King, Garden Club of Michigan 

Mrs. W. W. Frazier, Jr., Garden Club of Philadelphia 

Mrs. W. H. Waite, Garden Club of Ann Arbor, Michigan 



REPORT 

The Garden Literature Committee feels that an intelligent study 
of the garden types developed in other countries and in other times is 
essential to good gardening to-day. By observing and analyzing we 
may reproduce what pleases us and is applicable to our environment 
without slavishly copying. 

We have been asked often for a comprehensive list of books for a 
small library. We submit the following in response to these re- 
quests and from time to time will add shorter lists on practical gar- 
dening and special topics. 

The books in the accompanying list which are marked with a star 
and underlined would make an excellent library for the general reader. 
The unmarked titles are for the more advanced gardeners. 

Margaret Day Blake. 



Brief List of Books for a Private Collection 
or for a Student in Landscape Gardening 

*Andre, E. Pares et jardins. Paris, 1S79. 
P. *Bailey, L. H. The Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. New York: 
MacMillan, 1914 (five volumes out). 
Baillle-Scott. Houses and Gardens. 
*Bisset, Peter. The Book of Water Gardening. New York: A. T. de la 

Mare. 
*Blanchan, Neltje. The American Flower Garden. Doubleday, Page& Co., 

1909. 
*BLOMErELD, R. The Formal Garden in England. New York: MacMillan, 

1901. 
*Bright, Henry. The English Flower Garden. New York: MacMillan, 
1881. 
Dr. Brown, F. C. Letters and Lettering. Boston: Bates & Guild, 191 2. 

Brown, Glenn. Editor. (Am. Institute of Architects. Papers read before). 

European and Japanese Gardens. Philadelphia: Henry T. Coates, 1902. 

Burbidge, F. W. The Book of the Scented Garden. New York: John Lane, 

1903. 
*Btjrnap, George. Parks, Their Design, Equipment and Use. Lippincott, 

1916. 
*Cable, George. The Amateur Garden. Scribner's Sons. 
d'Argenville, A. J. D. La theorie et la pratique du jardinage. Paris, 1713. 
DeLille, J. Les jardins. (Poeme.) Paris, 1801. 
*Dow, A. W. Composition. Doubleday, Page & Co. 1914. 
*Downing, A. J. Landscape Gardening and Rural Essays. New York, 1853. 
*Earle, Alice M. Old Time Gardens. New York: MacMillan, 1916. 
Elgood, G. S. Italian Gardens. New York: Longmans, Green & Co., 1907. 
Elgood, G. S. Some English Gardens. New York: Longmans, Green & Co., 
1906. 



G. *Eliot, Charles W. Charles Eliot, Landscape Architect. Boston: Hough- 
ton Mifflin Co., 1902. 
*Felton, S. On the Portraits of English Authors on Gardening. London: 

1830. 
*Fernow, B. E. Care of the Trees. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 191 1. 

Gilpin, W. S. Practical Hints on Landscape Gardening. London, 1832. 

Gloag, M. R. Book of English Gardens. London: Methuen, 1906. 

Hamerton, P. G. Landscape. Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1890. 

Hole, Dean S. R. A Book About the Garden. London: Edward Arnold, 
1892. 

Holme, Chas. ed. (International Studio Series of English Gardens). 
London: The Studio, 1907-n. Includes the following : The Gardens of 
England in the Southern and Western Counties, 1907. The Gardens of 
England in the Midland and Eastern Counties, 1908. The Gardens of 
England in the Northern Counties, 191 1. 

Hyatt, A. Book of Old World Gardens. London: Foulis. 

Hyatt, A. Book of Old Gardens. London: Foulis. 

*Jeeyll, Gertrude. Colour in the Flower Garden. London: Country- 
Life Press, 1908. 

Jekyll, Gertrude and Weaver, Lawrence. Gardens for Small Country 
Houses. London: Country Life Press, 1913. 

Johnson, G. W. : History of English Gardening. London, 1829. 
P. *Keeler, Harriet L. Our Native Trees. New York: Scribner's Sons, 1912. 
P. *Keeler, Harriet L. Our Northern Shrubs. New York, Scribner's Sons, 
1912. 

Klng, Mrs. Francis. The Well-Considered Garden. New York: Scribner's 
Sons, 1915. 

Leyland, John. ed. Gardens Old and New. London: Country Life Press, 
1902. 3 vols. N. Y. Scribner's Sons. 

Lowell, Guy. Smaller Italian Villas and Farmhouses. New York: Archi- 
tectural Book Pub. Co., 1916. 

Loudon, J. C. Encyclopedia of Gardening. London: Longmans, Green Co., 
1871. 

Lutyens, E. L. Houses and Gardens. 

Mangln, A. Les jardins. Tours, 1867. 

Mawe and Abercromble. Every Man His Own Gardener. London, 1805. 

Mawson, T. H. The Art and Craft of Garden Making. London: Batsford. 
New York: Scribner's Sons, 1912. 

Meyer und Rles. Gartentechnik und Gardenkunst. 1911. 

*Nichols, R. S. English Pleasure Gardens. New York: MacMillan, 1902. 

Parsons, S. The Art of Landscape Architecture. Putnam, 1915. 

Platt, Chas. Monograph of the Work of Chas. Piatt. Introduction by 
Royal Cortissoz. New York, 1913. Architectural Book Pub. Co. 

Price, Slr U. Essays on the Picturesque. London, 1910. 

*Repton, H. Landscape Gardening. (Edited by J. C. Loudon.) London, 
1840. 

*Roblnson, C. M. Improvement of Towns and Cities. New York: Putnam, 
1901. 
D. *Root & Kelley. Design in Landscape Gardening. Century Co., 1914. 
D. *Ross, D. W. Theory of Pure Design. Houghton Mifflin Co., 1907. 

Sargent Prof. Charles S. Manual of the Trees of North America. Hough- 
ton, Mifflin Company. 



P. *Sedgwick, Mabel C. Garden Month by Month. New York: Stokes Co.» 
1906. 
Shelton, Louise. The Seasons in a Flower Garden. 
*SrEVEKTNG, A. F. Gardens — Ancient and Modern. London: J. M. Dent 

& Co., 1899. 
Solotarofe, Wm. Shade Trees in Towns and Cities. New York: Wiley, 

1912. 
Steel, Richard. Essay on Gardening. London, 1793. 
Tabor, Grace. Old-fashioned Gardening. Xew York: McBride, Nast & 

Co., 1913. 
Triggs, H. I. Art of Garden Design in Italy. London: Longmans, Green 

Co., 1906. 
*Triggs, H. I. Formal Garden in England and Scotland. London: Long- 
mans, Green Co., 1902. 
*Triggs, H. I. Gardencraft in Europe. London: Batsford, 1913. 
D. *Van Pelt, J. V. Essentials of Composition as Applied to Art. MacMillan 

Co., 1913. 
Z>r.*VAX Renssalaer, Mrs. Schuyler. Art, Out-of-Doors. Xew York: Scrib- 
ner's Sons, 191 1. 
Waugh, F. A. Rural Improvement. Orange- Judd Co., 1914. 
*Wharton, Edith. Italian Villas and Their Gardens. New York, Century 

Co., 1907. 
Whateley, Thoiias. Observations on Modern Gardening. London, 1770. 
Note. — D. — design, Dr. — drafting, P. — planting, G. — general landscape 
architecture, * — special interest. 

A short review of some of the books marked (*) follows: 

Andre. Pares et jardins. This book is very valuable to the landscape stu- 
dent for the material it contains on theory of landscape design. Chapters which 
deserve special mention are chapter 6, on composition; chapter 9, on carrying 
out of landscape work which also includes some valuable data on planting. 

Bailey. Cyclopedia of Horticulture. This set of books is a necessity in 
ever} 7 ' landscape office or school where this subject is taught because of the 
information on practically every plant known. 

Bissett. Water Gardening. A good standard work on water gardening and 
of much use for people interested in this subject. 

Blanchan. American Flower Garden. Sums up in a very concise way the 
general principles of landscape gardening in x\merica. 

Blomeleld. The Formal Garden in England. Without any doubt the best 
book of recent years dealing with the special subject of landscape gardening. The 
general principles underlying formal and informal design are well explained. 

Bright. English Flower Garden. A short concise and accurate description 
of the growth of landscape gardening in England. 

Burnap. Parks. A very valuable book dealing with the general principles 
of park design giving good examples of each type. 

Cable. Amateur Garden. This book ought to be of interest to everyone 
owning a home. Probably no one has done so much for city beautification as Mr. 
Cable. 

Dow. Composition. A very good workable presentation of the subject of 
composition which because of the scarcity of books dealing with this subject and 
its application stands almost alone. 

Downing. Landscape Gardening. A well written and interesting book 



dealing with the period in American landscape gardening which came just before 
the Civil War. 

Earle. Old Time Gardens. Although not accurate or in any sense profes- 
sional this book contains a great many interesting points for those seeking informa- 
tion as to Colonial landscape gardening. 

Eliot, Charles W. Charles Eliot, Landscape Architect. The best book 
we have taking up the whole subject of landscape architecture practiced as a 
profession. 

Felton. Portraits of English Authors. Of the earlier English books dealing 
with landscape gardening, this rare book ought to be better known which can only 
be done through a reprint. To the student in the history of landscape gardening 
this book is of special interest. 

Jekyll. Colour in the Flower Garden. While many of the flowers suggested 
in this book do not grow well in American gardens, the general ideas are of great 
value in planting. 

Nichols. English Pleasure Gardens. While in many ways not accurate and 
in spite of the subject being presented from perhaps but one point of view, this 
book presents the subject of the whole historv of landscape gardening in a very 
general readable way. 

Triggs. Art of Garden Design in Italy and England. These two books are 
of value and several others in the list, for their good illustrations of gardens. 

Committee Lists 

Committee on Color Chart 

Chairman — Thomas Shields Clarke, Garden Club of Lenox. 

Members — 

Mrs. Francis King, Garden Club of Michigan. 
Mrs. S. A. Brown, Rumson Garden Club. 

Report — 

This Committee is at work on a plan for a new and simple 
color-chart. It hopes soon to enlarge its membership and to 
present to the Garden Club of America a more definite report 
than has yet been given. 

Committee on Garden Pests and Remedies 

Chairman — Miss Lucilla Colgate Austen, Amateur Gardeners. 

Members — 

Mrs. David Chidlow, Ridgefield Garden Club. 
Mrs. Appleton Wilson, Amateur Gardeners. 

Report — 

This Committee is being formed very slowly, as we find really 
interested workers from the different sections. It is mainly 
executive and depends on the sub-committees in the Member 
Clubs for original work. We earnestly hope to have more 
members soon. The clubs in the Atlantic States are working 
hard: so far the Western clubs have not replied at all. 



Committee on Historic Gardens 

Chairman — Mrs. H. C. Groome, Garden Club of Warrenton, 

Virginia. 
Members — 

Mrs. Thomas Barber, Garden Club of Southampton. 

Mrs. Archibald D. Russell, Garden Club of Princeton. 

Miss Ernestine E. Goodman, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 
Report — 

Local sub-committees are to be appointed as work proceeds. 

Committee on Honorary Award 

Chairman — Mrs. Francis King, Garden Club of Michigan. 

Members — 

Mrs. Walter S. Brewster, Garden Club of Illinois. 
Mrs. Allan Marquand, Garden Club of Princeton. 
Mrs. Harold I. Pratt, North Country Garden Club. 
Mrs. Arthur H. Scribner, Bedford Garden Club. 
Mrs. Max Farrand. 

Report — 

The Chairman has lately sent full written report on progress 
to each member, asking for comment and suggestions. The 
work of many sculptors and medallists is being inquired into 
and the Committee look forward to presenting at an early 
date data of value to the Garden Club of America. 

Committee on Lectures 

Chairman — Mrs. H. W. Turner, Garden Club of Princeton. 

Members — 

Mrs. Rollin S. Saltus, Garden Club of Bedford. 

Mrs. George A. Armour, Garden Club of Princeton. 
Mrs. Horace H. Martin, Garden Club of Illinois. 
Report: 

The following corrections are made to the report published in 

the November Bulletin: 
Subjects of Miss Elizabeth Leighton Lee's Lectures: 

Plan of Grounds with Special Reference to the Placing 

of the Garden. 

The Design of the Garden, Paths, Steps and Terraces. 

Pruning. 

Planting and Combination of Colour. 

Small Trees and Shrubs Suitable for the Garden. 

Garden Pests. 



Some Gardens I have Known — Illustrated with Lantern 
Slides. 
Subjects of Beatrix Farrand's Lectures: 
Flower Gardens, Old and New. 
Composition and Design in the Garden. 

Committee on Photography 

Chairman — Mrs. E. L. Bouton, Roland Park, Baltimore, Md., 
Amateur Gardeners. 

Report Deferred. 

The following Committees have sent no reports: 

Committee on Beautifying Country Roadsides and Railroads. 
Chairman — Dr. A. S. Warthin, Ann Arbor, Mich., Garden Club of 
Ann Arbor. 

Committee on Growing Medicinal Herbs. Chairman — Mr. 
Benjamin T. Fairchild, 247 Fifth Ave., New York City, and Quaker 
Ridge, N. Y., Associate Member. 

Committee on Preservation of Native Wild Flowers. Chairman 
— Miss Delia Marble, Bedford, N. Y., Bedford Garden Club. 

Committee on Testing New Plants. Chairman — Mrs. Arnold 
Hague, Newport, R. I , and 1724 I St., Washington, D. C, Garden 
Association in Newport. 

The completed report of the Committee on Special American 
Plant Societies. Chairman — Mrs. John A. Stewart, Jr., Short Hills, 
N. J., Short Hills Garden Club, was published in The Bulletin for 
May, 1916. 

Reports of Members Clubs 

The Albemarle Garden Club 

The Albemarle Garden Club was formed in 1913 and admitted to 
the Garden Club of America in 19 15. It has forty members, some of 
whom live in Charlottesville or at the University of Virginia and the 
others within a radius of twenty miles. We have a yearly program 
for the monthly meetings at the Blue Ridge Club of Charlottesville, 
and this year the Club had the privilege of enjoying three delightful 
lectures given by Miss Elizabeth Leighton Lee on Landscape Garden- 
ing and allied subjects. 

In addition to the Annual Autumn Flower Show, which was very 
successful, we held, in April, a plant sale on one of the street corners 
in Charlottesville where we sold plants, mostly perennials, from our 
own gardens and several hundred roses, purchased from wholesale 
growers. 

The most interesting plan that the Club has in prospect for the 



coming year is the taking over of a garden, seventy years old, back 
of the Administration Building at the University of Virginia. 

When Thomas Jefferson planned the University he placed, facing the 
lawn, ten houses for the use of the Professors, and back of these houses 
were gardens enclosed by red brick serpentine walls. Most of these 
have long since passed away, but this one, still remaining, holds all 
of the charm of those bygone years. It was made beautiful by 
Professor Maximillien Scheie de Vere, a Swedish nobleman who had 
the Chair of Modern Languages at the University in 1834. One 
enters it by doors in the brick wall and beholds a tangle of honey- 
suckle, myrtle, wistaria, trumpet-vine, everlasting pea and akebia, 
all of which are rioting over the shrubs, the box, and the roses. Mag- 
nolia and cedar trees afford shade, and the old brick walls are green 
with moss. 

Our plan is to go to work reverentially and restore order, and 
make the garden bloom again. The authorities have given us a free 
hand and we anticipate a most interesting task. 

Julia R. Austen. 

The Garden Club of Allegheny County 
Elected to membership, October, 1916. 

The Amateur Gardeners Club 
No report received. 

Garden Club of Ann Arbor 
The Garden Club of Ann Arbor has felt that its aims would be 
best attained by encouraging the general beautifying of the city, and 
for this reason it has joined hands with the Civic Association, the 
Women's Club, Collegiate Alumnae, and Federated Mothers' Club 
to forward the movement for tidier yards, better gardens, and the 
development of interest among the school children in growing plants 
and vegetables. Accordingly, four departments in the work were 
arranged as follows : 

A. Yard Contest; to encourage tidiness, and the planting of shrub- 

bery. 

B. Garden Contest; for artistic color schemes, continuity of bloom, 

healthfulness of plants. 

C. Gardens of Children; both for vegetables and plants, in every 

ward and in all available vacant lots. 

D. Flower and Vegetable Show; to be held in September. 

Prizes for the first two contests are offered as follows: $15.00, 
$10.00, $5.00. For the third contest three cash prizes of smaller 
amounts and ribbons will be distributed. 



In all cases cash prizes are awarded only when at least three- 
quarters of the work is done by the owners themselves. 

The winners of the fourth contest will also receive small cash prizes 
and ribbons. 

The success in the children's department is already very gratify- 
ing, over 400 gardens being now in operation. The children are very 
keen about it and are at work sometimes at 5 130 a. m. 

Before and after, pictures will be taken, if the contestants so desire, 
and will be exhibited at the September flower and vegetable show. 
This scheme is, I suppose, the one usually adopted by community im- 
provement societies, and I have refrained from enlarging on it. We 
have had the plans of the Davenport, Iowa Club, before us and would 
like to succeed as fully as they have done, but since our appeal was 
solely through the daily papers, and since no house to house campaign 
was made, it is doubtful if we arouse so much interest and competition. 
It is our first attempt and will doubtless be improved next year. 

Albert Lockwood. 

The Bedford Garden Club 

One of the new and interesting features of our Garden Club's 
activities this year has been its Community Week. 

A Committee for ''Village and Roadside Planting" was formed. 
Sub- commit tees divide the work, such as "Village Improvement," 
School-ground planting, and the encouragement of children to plant 
their own home gardens and compete at our exhibitions with flowers 
of their own raising. There is also a sub-committee to confer with 
the railroad officials about beautifying the right of way and station 
grounds. The sub-committee for "Village Planting" have worked 
with the local Village Improvement Societies. 

In Bedford Hills the station square has been laid out with trees 
and hedges. In Mt. Kisco a waste of public land is to be planted as a 
public park with children's playgrounds. The rural district schools 
have been much improved and present a pleasing appearance. In 
some school windows boxes have been put up and the children are 
encouraged to keep them watered. Shrubbery and hedges have been 
planted round the school grounds and the children are instructed to 
keep these in order. Flower exchanges have been held at the schools. 

Our Papers and Topics Committee has given us the following 
programs during the past season: 

March 1. — Speaker, Mr. William E. Bliz-Zard; subject, "Famous 
Gardens of Europe and Suggestions for Civic Planting; illus- 
trated with lantern slides. 

April 5. — Visit to greenhouses of the Bedford Flower Company. 



May 3.— Visits to the gardens of Mrs. William Fahnestock and 
Mrs. George L. Nichols to study the planting plan. 

May 31. — Speaker, Mr. Bertrand Farr; subject, "Iris." 

June 13. — Informal Flower Show in Mrs. Henry Marquand's 
garden. 

June 21. — - Speaker, Mrs. S. A. Brown; subject, ''Colour and Cor- 
rect Colour Nomenclature." 

July 5. — Speaker, Mrs. W. B. Franklin; subject, "Water 
Gardens." 

July 19. — Field Day — Visits to Rye Gardens. 

August 2. — Paper by Mrs. P. G. Weir; subject, "African Gar- 
dens." Paper by Miss Baylis; subject, "Poisonous Plants." 

September 13. — Paper by Dr. Frederick Peterson; subject, 
"Winter Gardens." Talk by Mrs. James S. Metcalf ; subject, 
"Successes and Failures in the Garden." Paper anonymous; 
subject, "The Gardens of Occasional Care." 

September 20. — Speaker, Mrs. Henry O. Havemeyer; subject, 
"Grafting, Budding in Arching and Laying of Fruit Trees." 
Visits to the gardens of Mrs. Nichols and Mrs. Fahnestock to 
observe their gardens in bloom. 

October 18. — Speaker, Mr. Bertram Goodhue; subject, "Persian 
Gardens." 

Henrietta McCormick Williams. 

Cincinnati Garden Club 

In May, 191 6, the enthusiasm of the Club members for floral 
beautification of the city, received new impetus. 

Special efforts were made to induce property owners to plant 
climbing roses on hillsides, along walls, porches, fences, and in spots 
which, as a rule, are neglected. For this purpose the Chairman of 
our civic planting, procured and sold at cost price (10c each) ten 
thousand dormant roots of Dorothy Perkins. Two weeks later nine 
thousand more were distributed. These with those distributed in 
1915 made twenty-eight thousand. Twenty-five thousand have 
been ordered for the coming spring. Any information as to where 
to obtain these roses, may be had by asking. 

The suggestion for window boxes on business streets was favorably 
received. The Committee met with much encouragement from prop- 
erty owners. The ferns and pink geraniums generally chosen, made 
a very bright and satisfactory effect. 

On May 17th a Garden Fete was held. Use was obtained for one 
day of a beautiful spot in one of Cincinnati's hilltop parks; a hollow, 
surrounded by forest trees with an open view of the river. 



The band-stand was used to display Rookwood gardenware. A 
parterre below furnished space for the tea tables with their bright 
colored umbrellas. Garden furniture afforded rest for the weary, 
strains of music gave to the whole a charmingly festive atmosphere. 

Cleverly planned pergolas were a principal feature. Varieties of 
baskets, cushions, aprons, and hats were displayed. Under a thatched 
shed garden tools and accessories were found. 

A beautifully designed canopy made a fitting covering for our 
cut flower display. Also a miniature garden set with various potted 
plants was most attractive. The plants sold in large numbers. As 
the Club's main object was to promote general interest in floriculture, 
the Fete was open to the public. 

The net receipts, aggregating $600, were voted for future civic 
planting. Plans are now under consideration for planting a prominent 
city hillside with dogwood and redbud; for this several thousand trees 
will be needed. 

The Committee is endeavoring to have signboards removed, a 
movement which it would be well to encourage everywhere. 

The only open exhibit was our annual Dahlia show, held the last 
week in September at the Zoological Garden. The entries were many 
and very creditable, with several new varieties shown. 

Many prizes (Rookwood) were given by Club members for amateur 
exhibits; also $125.00 cash for professional exhibits. 

We hope for great results from our civic planting and will be glad 
to hear from other clubs on this subject. 

IQ16-17 EXHIBITIONS 

iqi6 April iS. Daffodils. 

May 2. Tulips; 16, Pansies; 23, German Iris; 30, Single and Double 

Peonies. 
June 6. Columbine; 13, Hybrid Teas, Hybrid Perpetuals; 20, 

Flower arrangement Delphiniums, Sprays of Climbing Roses; 27, 

Sweet Peas, Japanese Iris. 
July 11. Phlox — Annuals. 

August 18. Vegetables, Asters, Snapdragons, Gladioli. 
September 23. Dahlias, open show. 
October 31. Hardy Chrysanthemums. 
IQ17. January 16. Freesias, Lilies of the Valley, bowls of Roman 

Hyacinths and Paper Whites. 
February 27. Forced Daffodils and other bulbs, forced flowering 

shrubs. 
March 13. Annual meeting, forced Tulips, Hyacinths, and potted 

plants. 



Committee. — Mrs. Harold W. Nichols, Chairman; Mrs. Glendin- 
ning B. Groesbeck, Miss Ethel Wright, Mrs. Thomas G. Melish, 
Mrs. Carl H. Krippendorf. 

Margaret A. Rowe. 

The Garden Club of Cleveland 
THE CORRELATION OF THE ARTS 

The routine achievements of 191 6 sink into the commonplace 
beside the brilliant opportunity afforded the Garden Club of Cleve- 
land to be of distinct value in the Inaugural of our beautiful Museum 
of Art. 

However, two definite performances stand out in high light; we 
gave to the Garden Club of America our best — our President, and 
we chose an artist, yet a gardener, a sculptor and a builder of foun- 
tains, yet one of ourselves, to guide our fond adventure through 191 7. 

Who shall say whither her dreams shall lead us? Perchance 
even unto the terraces of that very Art Museum, already welcoming 
association, where we may spread our wares in such a Flower Market 
as might well be a valuable feature in the annual program of any 
Garden Club. 

But what a place to hold our June Flower Show, that lovely 
Italian Garden Court, in the new Museum; that cool and classic inner 
garden; those restful parterres, as purely formal as Vettius' own; those 
vistas in vaulted galleries through which the Boscoreale marbles 
gleam; those broken Roman columns; those statues from ancient 
Greece, half hid by shady fountains, beneath the green of trailing 
vines and spreading palms! There, to the sound of waters playing, 
all seemed waiting but to awaken within us an appreciation of why 
that inner garden was builded within the marble walls of an Art 
Museum. To make a perfect whole is needed but Nature's gloriously 
brilliant paint brush. 

With ruthless hands but willing hearts we robbed our beds and 
borders of their choicest blooms that side by side with those great 
Loan Exhibits of Painting and Sculpture we might display the lovely 
product of our own endeavors in a sister art. 

Throughout that Show the conviction grew within us that a Garden 
Club bound by its charter to encourage civic beauty and betterment 
was not best organized to develop one fine art alone. Every hour 
opportunities presented themselves to help the Museum of Art to 
educate our people to dwell with beauty. 

For this, more than to plant flowers to beautify our own lives, did 
we seem to be a Garden Club. 

It seemed wise to appoint a Committee to cement the existing 



relations; and in commemoration of this affiliation that Committee 
has put upon the shelves of the Museum's Library the nucleus of a 
collection of books on Gardens and Landscape Art, which, as time 
goes on, will develop into a library of great value to the Art Museum, 
to the people of Cleveland, and to the Garden Club. 

E. Squire. 

The Garden Club of East Hampton, Long Island 

The Garden Club of East Hampton has just completed its second 
year and the increased interest in the Club is most gratifying. 

Ten well attended meetings were held, five conducted by our own 
members, and five by outside lecturers. At each of these meetings 
informal flower and vegetable competitions were held. 

A special meeting was given by the officers of the Club at which 
Miss Nichols gave an attractive lecture illustrated with lantern slides 
of old and new gardens. 

The Club was most fortunate in having the beautiful grounds of 
Mrs. Manson as a setting for its first Flower Show. In spite of a 
very unfavorable season, this was a great success: members were 
encouraged by what had been accomplished and experience will 
enable the Club to have an even better show next year. A small 
admission was charged, which included tea, and we were able to make 
a donation to the Village Improvement Society and to the Committee 
on Children's Gardens for seed and tools. 

This Committee was appointed, with Mrs. Hollister as Chairman, 
to interest the village children in gardens. Help will be given the 
children in starting the work. The Committee will visit the gardens 
at intervals during the season, and prizes will be awarded for both 
flowers and vegetables. 

The Club, in connection with the Village Improvement Society, 
has undertaken to interest and assist the railroad in the improvement 
of our unsightly station. As yet no definite arrangement has been 
made, but the railroad has promised to submit plans in the near 
future. - Elizabeth Lockwood. 

SEASON I 91 6 

Tuesday, June 6. Informal meeting. Prizes for Aquilegia; As- 
paragus. 

Tuesday, June 13. 11 o'clock, Mrs. Manson spoke on Bees. Prizes 
for Peonies; Radishes. 

Tuesday, June 27. Mr. Peterson spoke on Roses. Prizes for 
Roses, Lettuce, Strawberries. 



Tuesday, July n. Mr. Fulcl spoke on Growing Flowers for Exhibi- 
tions. Prizes for Delphiniums, Peas, Raspberries. 

Friday, July 14. Flower Show. 

Tuesday, July 15. Miss Lee spoke. Prizes for Sweet Peas, String 
Beans, Gooseberries. 

Tuesday, August 8. Prizes for Lilies, Corn, Blackberries. 

Tuesday, August 22. Mrs. Verplanck spoke on Borders. Prizes 
for Salpiglossis, Egg Plant, Apples. 

Tuesday, September 5. Mrs. S. A. Brown spoke. Prizes for Zin- 
nias, Tomatoes, Plums. 

Tuesday, September 19. Prizes for Dahlias, Potatoes, Pears. 

Tuesday, September 26. Summary of successes and failures of the 
Summer. Prizes for Asters, Lima Beans, Grapes. 

The Green Spring Valley Garden Club 
No report received. 

The Garden Club of Harford County 
No report received. 

The Garden Club of Illinois 

THE SUMMER SCHOOL OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE AT 
LAKE FOREST 

Through the efforts of members of the Garden Club of Illinois, 
and with the co-operation of Lake Forest University, the first Summer 
School of Landscape Architecture was conducted at Lake Forest from 
June 26 to August 5, 1916. The members of the Garden Club 
undertook to guarantee the success of the school, and the College 
placed the buildings at the disposal of the classes. Professor Ralph 
Rodney Root, head of the Division of Landscape Gardening of the 
University of Illinois, was in charge of the school, and was assisted 
by Messrs. N. P. Hollister and W. A. Strong. 

Three courses were offered: (1) History of Gardens; (2) Design; 
(3) Plants and Planting. The work consisted of hour lectures, sup- 
plemented by field trips to the estates of Lake Forest and Winnetka, 
which furnished excellent practical illustrations of the points brought 
out in the lectures. Residents of Lake Forest contributed greatly to 
the success of these field trips by generously opening their grounds to 
the classes. 

The regularity of attendance of those who registered, and the 
number of registrations (about seventy), were a sufficient indication 
of the interest taken in the work. A large number of those registered 
were students in professional landscape courses in other colleges, and 



some were actually engaged in professional work. Sixteen members 
of the Garden Club attended, and were keenly interested in the 
courses. It was the hope of those whose efforts made the school 
possible that the attendance would be made up largely of people 
directly interested in Landscape Architecture, and this hope was 
gratified beyond all expectation. 

Those who attended were greatly impressed by the scope of Land- 
scape Architecture as presented in the lectures, which were so 
organized as to reveal the unlimited possibilities in this field and to 
stimulate interest in comprehensive analysis of the problems that 
confront those who work for the betterment of environment insofar 
as the world of outdoors is concerned. Professor Root's lectures 
indicated a thorough grasp of his subject, such as is attained only 
through years of highly specialized study by one who possesses that 
rare though fundamental quality — an instinct for good design. 

The success of the 191 6 session assures the repetition of the Sum- 
mer School next summer. Many who were unable to register in all 
three courses last summer have expressed a desire to make up the 
deficiency, and to judge from the interest shown on all sides, the 
attendance at the 191 7 session will be greatly in excess of that of last 
summer. The North Shore suburbs of Chicago provide an ideal 
environment for this work, and many enthusiasts look forward to a 
day when this region will be the acknowledged center of thought and 
achievement in the development of outdoor art. 

In July the Garden Club of Illinois invited neighboring Garden 
Clubs to a luncheon at the residence of Mrs. A. M. Day in Lake 
Forest, and to a view of certain of the Lake Forest gardens. Accept- 
ances came from the Garden Clubs of Lake Geneva, Elmhurst, Elgin, 
Rockford, Oak Park, Wheaton, Evanston, Kenilworth and Chicago. 

One hundred and fifty guests sat at tables arranged on the porch 
and on the lawn. After the luncheon a short talk was given by 
Mr. R. R. Root of the Lake Forest School of Landscape Architecture 
on the character of the places to be visited, and a printed slip was 
distributed giving the main points of interest regarding the places, 
such as their age, style and special features. 

Besides Mrs. Day's gardens, the guests visited those of Mrs. 
Cyrus H. McCormick, Mrs. Harold F. McCormick, Mrs. E. L. Ryer- 
son, Mrs. Byron L. Smith, Mrs. Louis E. Laflin, Mrs. J. Ogden 
Armour, and Mrs. Walter S. Brewster. 

The interest manifested was apparently the reason for inquiry 
from many sources as to the way to start a Garden Club, and the 
subsequent organization of such clubs. Susan F. Hibbard. 



The Garden Club of Lawrence 

The Garden Club of Lawrence had seven meetings during the 
season of 1916, beginning the first Thursday morning in May at 
11:00 a. m. and held each month, at the same hour and day, through 
November. There was a lecture and a Flower Show at each meeting 
except the October ones. 

Owing to the large number of members (138) there was some extra 
money in the Treasury, so it was voted to give $150.00 for a scholar- 
ship to the Ambler School of Horticulture. Miss Lee, the directress 
of the School, selected for us a worthy and promising applicant. 

The Garden Club also gave $50.00 to a Committee who inspected 
the places of the working people for prizes for clean lots and yards. 
This Committee gave three prizes of $25.00, $15.00 and $10.00 each. 

The Garden Club also gave $150.00 to a sub-committee of its 
own Club for the improvement of highways. This money is to be 
used for planting trees in the village streets. A house to house can- 
vass is now being made asking storekeepers and householders to put 
out trees in front of their places at their own expense. A contract 
has been made with a nursery man whereby for $2.50 each, he 
provides and plants the tree. So the money given by the Garden 
Club to this Committee will not all be used this year, but will be kept 
to supplement the work of next year. This Committee has also 
raised money by private subscription to plant two long causeways 
with willows. 

The season of 191 7 will begin in May and there will be six meet- 
ings; one each month in the morning with a lecture, and four Flower 
Shows held in the afternoon. Three of them; one in May, Tulips; 
one in June, Roses; and one in November, Chrysanthemums, are to be 
held at private houses with professional judges and simple prizes, 
mostly ribbons. 

In September we are planning to have our first large Show for 
Flowers, Fruits and Vegetables, and we expect to ask professionals to 
compete in classes provided by them. The Show will be held in a 
public hall, open to the public for a small admission fee, with tea 
served for the benefit of a local charity, and we are going to work very 
hard to make it a success and to show what the Garden Club^of 
Lawrence can do in the fifth year of its existence. 

Caroline G. Santord. 

The Lenox Garden Club 
The notable event of 191 6 to the Lenox Garden Club was the visit 
in June of its Sister Clubs. The thirty-two Clubs belonging to the 
Garden Club of America all sent representatives to this, for us, very 
interesting gathering. 



During the season no special activity was manifest, but this fall, 
in the hopes of encouraging the preservation of birds, an effort is 
being made to interest the school children in their protection through 
a competition for the best bird boxes to be made by them during the 
winter, with a distribution of prizes in the early summer. 

Georgiana W. Sargent. 

The Litchfield Garden Club 

The Litchfield Garden Club held nine meetings during the season 
of its activity, from June to October, beginning with a successful 
showing of early summer flowers and table decorations, at the 
Grange Exhibit in June. 

An interesting talk was given by Mr. Lindley on the flora of the 
vicinity, many specimens being shown; a lecture by Mr. Cumming 
of A. N. Pierson & Co., and on August 4th a most delightful and 
profitable talk on "Composition and Design in the Flower' Garden " 
was delivered before the Club by Mrs. Max Farrand. 

Six new Committees have been formed during the season, all of 
which are doing good work, one Committee having kept the Com- 
munity Center and various sick people supplied with flowers all 
summer. 

The activities of the Wild Flower, as well as the Library Commit- 
tee, have been mentioned separately in the Bulletin. The Civic 
work of the Club, in improving the grounds in the vicinity of the 
New Haven station, has been continued, and the planting of trees will 
be extended next spring. 

Several papers were prepared and read by members at the meet- 
ings, and on August 25 th the Club held a Gladiolus Show which 
was larger and more successful than that of the previous year. By 
having open classes the Club hopes to greatly extend interest in the 
growing and perfection of Gladioli. 

The Litchfield Garden Club was represented at the Council of 
Presidents held in Philadelphia in March. 

Several of the officers attended the Annual Meeting of the Garden 
Club of America at Lenox, in June, while many members motored 
over for the day to share the pleasure and privilege of seeing the 
gardens in their variety and perfection. 

Margaret L. Gage. 

A GARDEN LIBRARY 

Our Garden Club this summer has given special attention to 
forming a library, which is intended to be useful to the general public 
as well as to our members. Its interest has been recognized by the 
local Wolcott and Litchfield Circulating Library, which has devoted 



to it particular shelf room. Here it is available for reference to all 
visitors, while members of the Club may take the books away. 

The library is designed to combine a number of different interests: 
First, come the standard works of reference, among which is the new 
edition of Bailey's Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. Second, 
works on garden design, including several illustrated books of this 
class. Third, the season's catalogues from standard dealers in seeds 
and plants, and those of specialists in particular fields. Fourth, 
periodical literature, including bulletins of the State and other 
agricultural departments; our most cherished possession in this 
division being a bound file of the Bulletin of the Garden Club of 
America, complete but for two numbers which we hope soon to 
obtain. Fifth, works which are interesting mainly for their associa- 
tion, among these being the flower books of a past generation and in 
time we hope to add some collections of garden verse. The last 
division is to include loans and gifts of pressed flowers, both those 
made locally and by travelers abroad. 

The care of this library is in the hands of a Committee, whose 
principal duty is to obtain all possible accretions. One member is 
Custodian of the books and keeps them catalogued. 

We do not know how many Garden Clubs have instituted special 
libraries. The interest awakened in ours, shown both by the per- 
sons who use it and by friends who contribute to it, would indicate 
that it is destined to fill a real need. 

Program for 191 7 

June 8. — Business Meeting. 

June 22. — Paper on "Biennials." 

July 6. — Talk on "Roses and Rose Culture." 

July 20.— Talk on "Fall Work in the Garden" by Mrs. William 
E. Verplanck. 

August 3. — Talk on "Peonies." 

August 17. — 

August 29. — Gladiolus Show. Followed in the evening by illus- 
trated lecture on "Gladiolus," by Mrs. B. Hammond Tracy. 

August 31. — Paper "Beginning a Garden." 

September 14. — Paper "Water Gardens." 

September 28.— Annual Meeting. 

May W. White. 



The Garden Club of Michigan 
ROADSIDE PLANTING 

In the last few years much has been accomplished in Michigan 
in regard to the building of good roads, but very little has been done 
to beautify the roadsides. 

They are for the most part deplorably barren of trees, and it has 
long been the ambition of the Garden Club of Michigan to help im- 
prove this condition. 

This year the work has been started. 

Besides planting a sample mile of trees on one of the roadways 
near Detroit, literature is being distributed throughout the State 
to other Garden Clubs, Women's Clubs, Civic Associations and Auto- 
mobile Clubs, in an effort to interest them in joining the movement. 

These folders tell what trees to plant in different soils and lo- 
calities, what sizes grow best and at what prices they can be pur- 
chased, also the approved method of planting and caring for the trees. 

For our. sample mile we have, after much thought, decided on the 
Norway Maple, this being a quick growing tree and well adapted to 
our sandy soiL 

Between the trees we shall plant various kinds of natural Michigan 
shrubbery as we find space. 

The new roads are of concrete, and owing to the low level of the 
country, deep ditches are required on either side for the purpose of 
drainage. This encroaches seriously on the area needed for the trees 
and shrubs. 

To surmount this difficulty we have enlisted the co-operation of 
the Wayne County Good Roads Commission, and have found it 
most willing to help. Through its influence we are able to induce the 
farmers to move back their fences sufficiently to allow the planting of 
the trees and have hopes of educating even those practical folk to the 
beauty and necessity of roadside planting. 

Alice H. Towle. 

PROGRAM FOR IQl6 

January 21. — Experience Meeting. Mrs. John R. Searles. 
February 4.— " Troubles in the Flower Garden," by Mr. Fuld. 

Mrs. Henry W. Dakin. 
March 10. — "European and American Gardens," by Mrs. Charles 

Moore. Mrs. Frederick N. Alger. 
April 21. — " Shrubbery and Its Care," by Mr. George L. Perry. 

Mrs. Henry D. Shelden. 
May 6.— Daffodil Show. The Country Club. 



*May ii. — Tulips. Mrs. Sarmiento and Mrs. Cutler. 

May 13. — Grosse Point Gardens. Luncheon at Country Club. 

May 17.— Tulip Show. Hotel Statler. 

May 27.— Bloomfield Hills Gardens. Luncheon with Mrs. 
William L. Barbour. 
*June 1. — Trees. Baroness Von Ketteler. 
*June 8. — A June Garden. Mrs. Sidney T. Miller. 
*June 15. — Roses. Mrs. Charles A. DuCharme. 
*June 22. — Perennial Borders. Mrs. Philip McMillan. 

* July 1. — Lilies and Delphiniums. Mrs. B. S. Warren. 

* August 12. — Phlox by Moonlight. The Misses Hendrie. 
September 20. — Autumn Show. Neighborhood Club. 
November 8. — Annual Meeting. Luncheon with Mrs. John S. 

Newberry. 

*These are informal "garden" meetings when there is an especially beautiful 
display of the particular flowers mentioned. 

The Millbrook Garden Club 
No report received. 

The Gardeners of Montgomery and Delaware Counties 

The Gardeners of Montgomery and Delaware Counties have co- 
operated with The Main Line Citizens' Association in Home Garden 
Contests; with The Weeders and The Garden Club of Philadelphia 
in the Annual Flower Market, and in serving tea at the National 
Flower Show in Philadelphia, but their only original work, of general 
interest during the year was the garden planning contest held in 
January, when little models in plasticene and cardboard with or 
without accompanying plans were entered for a prize. 

Only seven entries from thirty-five members was the result of the 
contest held on January nth, though those who did not enter had 
seven times seven excuses why they could not do so. Perhaps it was 
too soon after the busy Christmas season. Among the entries were a 
very well planned and practical small fruit garden, with typewritten 
particulars; a small place with house, garage, and lodge, in miniature; 
a beautifully laid out Italian garden in plasticene, everything in 
proportion; an oval garden surrounded by evergreens with bird-dish 
and pool; a garden on a hillside, and a sunken garden for a small 
place, 20 by 20 feet. Also one only planned on paper. The others 
were made of plasticene, sponge, evergreens, etc., some with accom- 
panying charts and some without. There is no doubt of the practical 
benefits of such a contest and the model making is fascinating. 

As a rule the Gardeners have an original paper read at each meet- 



ing and the program from September 28, 1915, to November 9, 1916, 
was as follows: 

September 28. — Question box and Experience Meeting. 

October 12. — Shakespeare Gardens. Mrs. Thomas F. Branson. 

October 28. — Club Flower Show. Prize Paper by Mr. Renwick. 

November 9. — Chrysanthemum Experiences. By all the mem- 
bers of the Club. 

November 23. — Standard Roses, Their Planting, Care, and 
Winter Protection, by Mrs. Isaac La Boiteaux. Procrastin- 
ating Perennials, by Mrs. Henry S. Williams. 

January 11. — Garden Planning Contest. 1st Prize, Mrs. Henry 
S. Jeanes; Mrs. William McCawley and Miss Elizabeth D. 
Williams tied for 2nd place. Paper on Evergreens by Mr. 
Joseph Russell of the Strafford Flower Farms. 

February 15. — Club Bulb Show. 1st Prize, Mrs. H. G. Lloyd; 
2nd, Mrs. Charles H. Ludington. Discussion of plans for 
National Flower Show. 

March 14. — Practical and Useful Experiences in the Garden by 
Mrs. William C. Ladd. Discussion of plans for Flower Market 
and Protest against Power Plant at Washington. 

April n. — Improving a Village. Mrs. John Perot. Discussion 
of plans for Spring Plant Exchange. 

April 25. — Paper on the Hampton Gardens in Baltimore, by Mrs. 
Bruce. 

May 9. — My Garden in the Adirondacks, by Miss Sarah Lowrie, 
with an elaborate model. 

May 23d. — No paper. 

June 13. — Discussion of the diseases of Delphiniums, Hollyhocks 
and Phlox. 

September 26. — Report of the Lenox Meeting, by Miss Elizabeth 
D. Williams. 

October 10. — Putting the Garden to Bed for the Winter, Mrs. 
H. G. Lloyd. 

October 23. — Annual Election of Officers, date changed from 
March in accordance with request of the Editor of The Bul- 
letin. Fall Flower Show. 1st Prize won by Mrs. C. H. 
Clark, Jr.; 2nd, Miss Lida Ashbridge; 3rd, Mrs. Henry S. 
Jeanes. 

November 9. — Garden Pests and Their Remedies, Mrs. H. G. 
Lloyd. Elizabeth D. Williams. 

The Garden Association in Newport 
No report received. 



The North Country Garden Club 

The North Country Garden Club of Long Island is three years 
old, has 35 members, and has held within the year 21 regular meetings 
plus 8 business meetings. Its district comprises Oyster Bay, Cold 
Spring Harbor, Roslyn, Glen Cove, Brookville, Wheatly Hills, and 
Westbury. On April 29th, at a business meeting held at the home 
of its President, Mrs. F. N. Doubleday, a resolution was drawn up and 
sent to the Board of Regents in Albany. I tread as follows: "Whereas, 
we feel that there is not sufficient distinction in the curriculum for 
elementary schools between urban and rural communities and whereas 
we feel that a greater emphasis upon nature studies and agriculture is 
desirable in the rural sections; therefore the representatives of the 
North Country Garden Club of Long Island with other organizations 
in our district urge the State Educational Department to require a 
definite amount of practical gardening and other agricultural activity 
as a requisite for the completion of the elementary school course, and 
we recommend that the minimum requirement be a home garden or 
the equivalent in farm work." 

We have distributed 1200 garden leaflets among school children 
and laborers, and we give prizes to the horticultural societies' exhibi- 
tions in our district. Susan A. 0. McKelvey. 

The Garden Club of Orange and Dutchess Counties 

The Garden Club of Orange and Dutchess Counties during the 
summer of 191 6 has held thirteen meetings, at nearly all of which 
there has been an exhibition of flowers in season. Early in July 
the Club was asked to give a Flower Show in connection with a Fair 
given by the Village Improvement Society of Cornwall, the idea 
being to arouse the children of the village to form a Garden Club. 
Each member did his and her part, and the object for which it was 
given was accomplished. 

A competition was held at Mrs. Fairchild's in June, arrangement 
of flowers counting one-half. Prizes were given and the liveliest inter- 
est shown. 

In October, through the kindness of Dr. Partridge, the Club had 
an opportunity of visiting Bear Mountain, the New York State Park 
Reservation, and of seeing the wonderful work being done in forestry 
and the preservation of native shrubs. 

At the last meeting of the year, Mrs. William E. Verplanck read 
a most interesting and enlightening paper on spring work, and the 
Club parted for the winter feeling that the knowledge and love of 
gardening among amateurs had been stimulated and much progress 
made. Sarah C. Rutherford. 



The Garden Club of Philadelphia 

The Garden Club of Philadelphia held a meeting in October at 
which Miss Ethel Mather Baggs spoke on a plan which the Royal 
Horticultural Society of England has adopted for the reconstruction 
of the devastated regions of Belgium and France. The Royal Horti- 
cultural Society is now raising a fund to assist in the re-establishment 
of the fruit, vegetable and flower growing industries of France and 
Belgium, as soon as peace is declared and the troops have evacuated 
the regions now occupied. 

Before the war, each district of Belgium had its horticultural 
specialty; for example, Ghent was famous for its flowering plants, 
especially begonias, Brussels for its chicory and hot-house fruits and 
vegetables. Every mechanical device used in these industries has 
been destroyed by the war. Hot-houses no longer exist. 

It has seemed to many of us that this movement should interest 
the Garden Club of America. Outdoor industries will furnish occupa- 
tion and a means of livelihood for many crippled soldiers. No more 
constructive work can be done for these unhappy people than to help 
them in securing the equipment necessary for the re-establishment 
of their horticultural industries. Mrs. B. Franklin Pepper. 

The Garden Club of Princeton 
No report received. 

The Ridgefield Garden Club 
No report received. 

The Rumson Garden Club 
No report received. 

The Rye Garden Club 

During the past year there have been thirteen meetings of the 
Rye Garden Club. At two of these meetings papers were read by 
members and there were also special exhibits of flowers when in full 
bloom, such as gladioli, roses, and the perennials of July. 

The Bulb Show in May was a great success, but unfortunately 
owing to the prevalence of infantile paralysis, the Autumn Flower 
Show had to be canceled. The absence of many members because 
of the epidemic and the lateness of the season has made the summer 
a very unusual one, but in spite of these drawbacks, the Garden Club 
has had a successful year and has broadened its interests and its 
influence by undertaking some civic work, of which I shall write 
next year. The Club also had one Field Day when four gardens were 
visited. iffijj 



At the Annual Meeting it was decided that: 

"Next year the Bulb Show should be in May and the Annual 
Flower Show in September. 

"At the second meeting in every month there shall be an informal 
exhibit. 

"Every member must exhibit twice during the year or be dropped 
from the Club. 

"The Aster should be the 'Flower of Honor' for the ensuing year, 
to be grown by all of the members." 

Program 

March 7. — "Famous Gardens." Lecture by Miss Zimmermann. 
April 4. — "Perennial Borders." Lecture by Mrs. Wm. Ver- 

planck. 
April 18. — Papers by members. Demonstration of planting 

flats. 
May 2. — "Japanese Flower Arrangement." Lecture by Miss 

Averill. 
May 16. — Tulip Show at the Rye Library. 
June 6. — "Irises for American Gardens." Lecture by Mr. 

Arthur Herrington. 
June 20. — "Rose Show." Mr. Siebrecht judging. 
July 5. — "Dahlias." Lecture by Mr. Stanley Brown. 
July 18. — Exhibition of Perennials. Mr. Jenkins, judging. 
August 1 . — Field Day, 
August 15. — Gladioli Show. 
September 5. — Papers by members. 
September 19. — Fall Planting. Lecture by Mr. Fuld. 
October 17. — Annual Meeting. 

The Short Hills Garden Club 

We have had a very active year. Last winter Bird Conservation 
was taken up in earnest, each member undertaking to feed the birds 
on her place. The Boy Scouts built bird houses during the winter 
which were quickly bought up and hung for nesting time — all with 
the result that we have had twice the number of birds about us this 
year, to the great benefit of our gardens. 

Two lectures on birds were enthusiastically received by the whole 
community — notably that of Mr. Job and his motion pictures. The 
proceeds of this lecture were used to plant shade trees greatly needed 
along the streets of the nearest village. We are to hear Mr. Avis in 
December, who shows and imitates all our local birds. 

Our first daffodil show was a pronounced success. Some of our 



members who must go away for the mid-summer months found 
dahlia growing impossible, and so took up the daffodil, and the interest 
has rapidly spread among us all. 

Our usual dahlia show and luncheon had to be abandoned on 
account of poliomyelitis, but we did have a show just among our- 
selves which surprised us all by its size and beauty. We are the first 
association to become affiliated with the American Dahlia Society, 
and they presented us with a handsome silver medal for our show — 
Mrs. Meikleham being the fortunate winner. 

Mr. R. A. Young, of the Bureau of Plant Industry, Department of 
Agriculture, Washington, has been most kind in co-operating with 
our club. At one of our meetings the new vegetable, Dasheen, was 
taken up, Mr. Young sending us the syllabus and slides for the lecture, 
and even the Dasheens themselves. The Department has taken great 
interest in this most valuable vegetable which it hopes to establish 
as a staple for the masses. After the lecture, Dasheens were served 
to our members and their guests in the form of soup, entree and 
dessert, all of which were pronounced delicious. 

Our only crusade was against vandalism in our gardens. The 
enclosed leaflet was sent to every household in the Park, and posters 
were put up in public places. It was amusing to hear the comments 
afterwards. 

I am sending the program of the past year, as our meetings are 
arranged from month to month. We expect to have a Daffodil 
Show, a Rose Show, and our usual Dahlia Show. 

Henrietta M. Stout. 

Leaflet Referred to in Report 

The Short Hills Garden Club invites the co-operation of 
all flower lovers of this district to uphold the property 
rights of those who have gardens. 
Flowers are ruthlessly broken and carried away by 
nurses and children who do not realize their value to 
the owners. Carefully tended gardens are thus de- 
stroyed, houses temporarily vacant have their flowers 
and shrubs despoiled and newly planted gardens have 
been uprooted. 

Will our neighbors help by explaining to all members of 
their household the gravity of this offence? 



MEETINGS 1916 

January 12. — Annual Meeting. Scope of Club arranged. Con- 
servation of Wild Birds. Civic Planting. 

February 9. — Paper by Prof. F. Ff. Hall, "Dahlias and Their 
Culture." 

March 1. — Lecture and demonstration, Japanese Flower Arrange- 
ments. Miss Mary Averill. 

March 8. — Unpublished poem by Kipling, "The Glory of the 
Garden." Paper by Mrs. Hartshorn, "The Uses of the 
Garden." 

March 15. — Co-operation of Clubs and Organizations for Road- 
side Planting for food supply for Birds. 

March 22. — "Summer Flowering Bulbs," Mrs. Hartshorn. 

March 29. — Lord Bacon's Essay on Gardens with Diagram of 
the Garden, drawn by Mr. Rhodes. 

April 5. — Lecture, "Dahlias" Mr. Richard Vincent, Jr. 

April 19. — Arrangements for Daffodil Show. 

April 28. — Mr. H. K. Job lectured on Conservation of Wild Birds, 
with Motion Pictures. 

May 3. — Daffodil Show, Judges, Mr. de Graff of Holland and 
Mr. C. F. Hunt. 

May 10. — Plans to Protect our Gardens from Vandals and 
Trespassers. 

May 17. — "Flowers and Plants seen at the Exposition at San 
Francisco," Miss Craig. 

May 31. — "Pruning Shrubs," by Mr. L. Barron. 

June 7. — Testing of Soils for Humus and Acidity. Members 
brought samples of soils from their gardens, which were tested 
at the meeting. 

June 14. — Lecture by Mr. Bertrand Farr. "Peonies." 

June 21. — "Tent Caterpillar, a growing Menace." Paper 
issued by New Jersey State Experiment Station. 

July 5. — Report of Annual Meeting of Garden Club of America. 
Descriptions of the Lenox Gardens. 

July 19.— "Trees" original paper by Miss Hall. ' 

August 2. — "Herbs," Mrs. Campbell. 

September 13. — "Garden Tricks." Paper by Mrs. Lloyd, read 
by Mrs. Renwick. 

September 20. — Arrangements for Dahlia Show. 

October n. — Small Dahlia Show. 

October 18.— Lecture Mr. C. H. Totty, "Chrysanthemums." 

October 25. — Lecture by Mrs. S. A. Brown, "Herbs." 



November 8. — "Dasheen," U. S. Dept. Agriculture, illustrated. 
November 24. — Lecture by Mr. J. J. Levison "Backgrounds 

and Hedges." 
December 18. — Lecture, Mr. Edward Avis, "Birdland" with 

Motion Pictures and Music. 

Garden Club of Somerset Hills 

REPORT OF SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON GARDEN AT STATE 
REFORMATORY, CLINTON FARMS, N. J. 

On a hill in the western part of New Jersey stands the State 
Reformatory for Women, known as Clinton Farms. The Garden 
Club of Somerset Hills has undertaken to develop a garden at the 
Reformatory, hoping to relieve the bareness of the place and to 
awaken in the minds of the girls a love of nature. 

The Committee is endeavoring to establish a Hardy Garden, 
which will fall in with the farm-house type of the buildings. 

The plants and seeds were provided by the Club. The work is 
done by the girls, and the bloom shows the result of their labor. It 
is interesting t6 work with them and to watch their pleasure over the 
flowers. One girl did not know the name of the familiar and well- 
beloved pansy. 

We started the garden last May and planted for immediate effect. 
We are now planning for next year's bloom. 

Flower lovers will understand our desire to create in the minds of 
these girls a love for growing flowers. Lillie V. S. Lindabury, 

Chairman Committee. 

The Garden Club of Southampton 
No report received. 

Trenton Garden Club 

Our season of 191 5 and 191 6 was most enjoyable, though owing to 
the indifference of the city officials our one civic effort has not met 
with the success hoped for. 

A committee from the Club took up the matter of vacant lot gar- 
dens and was very successful during the summer of 191 5, under the 
leadership of a Club member and some friends outside the Club, as it 
was our idea not to limit the work to members. At the beginning of 
the season of 191 6 an effort was made, at an open meeting addressed 
by Mr. Dix, director of vacant lot gardens in Philadelphia, to obtain 
help from the city, but in vain. The same faithful committee car- 
ried on the work to the end of the season amid numerous discourage- 



ments. It is too arduous and expensive a task to devolve upon 
individuals. 

Late in March we had a very successful flower show at the home 
of our president, Mrs. Frederic A. C. Perrine, every member of the 
Club showing her interest by making one or more entries. 

At special meetings during the winter, we enjoyed talks by Mr. 
Wildman of Philadelphia, Mr. Otto Thilow, Mrs. Verplanck — twice — 
Mr. Fuld and Mr. Meyer, plant research explorer of the United States 
Department of Agriculture. 

We were represented at the meeting of the Garden Club of America 
in Lenox by our president, a delegate and one or two other members of 
the club. 

The home papers for 191 5-1 91 6 were: 

"Plant Psychology" — Miss Perrine. 

''Broadening Use of Garden Clubs" — Miss Mcllvaine. 

'"Strange Flowers and Trees on the Pacific Coast" — -Mrs. Ken- 
neth W. Moore. 

"Dahlias"— Mrs. Paul L. Cort. 

''Garden Books and Magazines" — Mrs. Robert V. Whitehead. 

The program for 191 6-1 91 7 has been arranged as follows: 

"Dahlias" — Mrs. Paul L. Cort (repeated by request). 

"Garden Books and Magazines" (not read last year on account 
of illness). 

Experience Meeting. 

"Plant Life in the Bible"— Mrs. Karl G. Roebling. 

"Fruit Over the Garden Wall" — Miss Blackwell. 

"The Rock Garden" — Miss Dickinson. 

"Irrigation" — Mrs. Kenneth W. Moore. 

" The Apple Orchard as an Investment" — Miss Perrine. 

"The Spring Border" — Mrs. William T. White. 

"Wild Flowers of the New Jersey Salt Meadows" — Miss Mont- 
gomery. 

May 21. — Porch Meeting. Open discussion on seasonable 
subjects. 

Several special meetings to be addressed by well-known people are 
being arranged. This program is not yet entirely completed. 

Annie Pratt Perrine. 

Garden Club of Twenty 

As competition excites ambition, the Garden Club of Twenty 
found great success in awarding blue ribbons at the Spring, Summer 
and Fall meetings, for the best exhibit of one specified flower, collec- 
tion of the same flower, and most artistic arrangement. 



Our Flower Exchange proved very satisfactory too, as it enabled 
the members to obtain, for a nominal sum, strong healthy plants, 
true to color and name. The proceeds of the "market" to be put 
back into the members' garden. Mrs. J. Sawyer Wilson, Jr. 

The Ulster Garden Club 

During the past year the Ulster Garden Club has supervised the 
school children's gardens, offering prizes as last year for the best 
flower and vegetable garden in each district. Last year 700 children 
entered this contest, this year over 900. We found it necessary, for 
various reasons, to have some one for the final inspection, so the 
teacher of manual training and agriculture in the high school was 
selected and proved very satisfactory. 

One event which was useful as well as entertaining was our Field 
Days, one held in Saugerties when we visited, on the same day, the 
gardens of all the members and another held in Kingston when we 
visited the Kingston gardens. We thus had an opportunity to see the 
results obtained from different soils, location, manner of cultivation, etc. 

Another interesting day was an Experience Meeting when we told 
our trials and tribulations and also our good luck — if any. Recipes 
for sprays and fertilizers, were exchanged, ways of putting the gardens 
to sleep, etc., suggested. The result was a very helpful meeting. 

Janet K. Fowler. 

The Warrenton Garden Club 

The season of 1916 was probably the most interesting and pro- 
gressive in the history of the Warrenton Garden Club. 

The long season in Virginia enables the members to enjoy the 
bloom of the gardens from late March to late November. At the 
last meeting it was found that 56 different kinds of flowers were in 
bloom in the various gardens at the time — November 14th. 

The Flower Show in June was most creditable and inspiring, 
besides being so successful that it was decided to hold it next year in 
the Town Hall, instead of the Country Club, which was too restricted 
to display satisfactorily the beauty of the exhibits. 

There is a marked improvement in the beauty of the roadsides 
since this club started its crusade for this purpose. 

At the weekly meetings, original papers and numerous original 
poems were read by the members. Among the most instructive and 
interesting of these was the one on "Shrubs" by Mrs. Groome, on 
"Birds" by Miss Gaskins; on "Color Schemes" by Mrs. Albert 
Fletcher and some very practical "Experiences" by Mrs. Appleton, 
also one on "Rock Gardens" by Mrs. Montgomery. 



The Weeders 

During the past year The Weeders have tried to have a feature 
for each meeting. We have had three Flower Shows which have been 
most interesting and instructive. At three meetings we have had 
speakers. Miss Sarah Lowrie gave us an inspiring talk about her 
Adirondack garden, Mrs. Large spoke on Fruit Growing, and Mrs. 
Sayres, member of the Garden Club of Philadelphia, talked to us 
about native wild flowers. Two members wrote most interesting 
papers based on their own experiences; Mrs. Wiley called her paper 
"A Pennsylvania Farmer's Experiences," and Mrs. Hayward wrote 
about her cedars which were successfully transplanted when they 
were fully developed. The papers were read at regular meetings. We 
have found experience meetings to be a great help, when successes and 
failures are discussed. Members often bring specimen flowers to 
pass around. 

In September, Mrs. Read, who represents The Weeders on the 
Garden Club of America Roadside Planting Committee, invited the 
Club to a picnic and tree planting meeting. Everyone was requested 
to bring a tree and after the picnic luncheon we planted the trees 
along a bare roadside. 

In October we had a plant exchange meeting, when members 
brought anything they had to spare and exchanged with someone 
else. 

Under the successful guidance of Mrs. Clay, The Weeders took 
charge of a Booth at the Philadelphia Flower Market held in Ritten- 
house Square in May. 

Two or three members are appointed each year to assist the Main 
Line Civic Association with the Back Yard Garden Contest and The 
Weeders offer a prize. 

We have sent protests to our representative in Congress against 
the proposed power house to be built near the Capitol: also against 
the Shields and Juirs Bill to obtain control of the navigable rivers. 

During the coming year we expect to work along the same lines 
and hope to make a feature of road planting. In the future each 
member will be obliged to write a paper once in every two years. 

Mildred Clarke Williams. 



Officers of the 

Member Clubs of the Garden Club 

of America 

Albemarle Garden Club. 

President: Mrs. Samuel H. Marshall, Simeon P. 0., Charlottes- 
ville, Va. 
Secretary: Mrs. George Austin, Charlottesville, Va. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. Samuel H. Marshall, Charlottes- 
ville, Va. 
Allegheny County, Garden Club of 

President: Mrs. Finley Hall Lloyd, "Red Gables," Shields, Pa. 
Secretary: MissPricilla Guthrie, William PennWay, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Not yet appointed. 
Amateur Gardeners Club, Baltimore. 

President: Mrs. W. Cabell Bruce, 8 W. Mt. Vernon PL, Baltimore, 

Md., and Ruxton, Md. 
Secretary: Miss Jeannette B. Dobbin, 1308 Bolton St. Baltimore. 
Bulletin Committee Member: (pro- tern) . Miss Dora Murdock, 245 

W. Biddle St., Baltimore, Md. 
Ann Arbor, Michigan, Garden Club of 

President: Dr. A. S. Warthin, Ferndon Road, Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Secretary: Miss Annie Condon, 920 University Ave., Ann Arbor, 

Mich. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mr. Albert Lockwood, 700 Oxford 

Rd., Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Bedford Garden Club 

President: Mrs. Arthur H. Scribner, 39 E. 67th St., New York 

and Mount Kisco, New York. 
Secretary: Mrs. Theodore Van Norden, Mount Kisco, New York. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. Edwin S. Merrill, Bedford, N. Y. 
Cincinnati, Garden Club of 

President: Mrs. Samuel H. Taft, 3329 Morrison Ave., Clifton, 

Cincinnati, 0. 
Secretary: Mrs. Glendenning B. Groesbeck, Torrence Road, E. 

Walnut Hills, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. Wm. Stanhope Rowe, 2359 

Madison Rd., E. Walnut Hills, Cincinnati and Devon, Amagan- 

sett, N. Y. 
Cleveland, Garden Club of 

President: Mrs. Max McMurray, 12521 Lake Shore Blvd., Station 

H., Cleveland, Ohio. 
Secretary: Mrs. J. P. Burton, 11928 Lake Shore Blvd., Station H. ; 

Cleveland, Ohio. 



Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. L. Dean Holden, Lake Shore 

Blvd., Station H., Cleveland, Ohio. 
East Hampton, Garden Club of 

President: Mrs. Wm. S. Wheelock, 45 W. 51st. St. New York City 

and East Hampton, New York. 
Secretary: Miss Edna Nash: 115 E. 57th St., New York City 

and East Hampton, New York. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. Wm. A. Lockwood, 780 Park 

Ave., and East Hampton, New York. 
Harford County, Garden Club of 
President: Mrs. Bertram N. Stump. 

Secretary: Mrs. Edward M. Allen, Darlington, Hartford Co., Md. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. Bertram N. Stump, Emmor- 

ton, P. 0., Hartford Co., Md. 
Green Spring Valley Garden Club 

No names received. 
Illinois, Garden Club of 

President: Mrs. Wm. G. Hibbard, Jr., 1637 Prairie Ave., Chicago, 

and Winnetka, 111. 
Secretary: Mrs. Charles M. Hubbard, Winnetka, 111. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. Walter S. Brewster, 1220 Lake 

Shore Drive, Chicago and Lake Forest, 111. 
Lawrence, Garden Club of 

President: Mrs. George B. Sanford, 35 E. 30th St., New York City 

and Lawrence, Long Island. 
Secretary: Mrs. Henry Otis Chapman, Woodmere, Long Island. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. George B. Sanford, 35 E. 30th 

St., N. Y. C. and Lawrence, Long Island. 
Lenox, Garden Club of 

President: Mrs. Bernhard Hoffman, 126 E. 80th St., New York 

City and Stockbridge, Mass. 
Secretary: Miss G. W. Sargent, 28 E. 35th St., New York City and 

Lenox, Mass. 
Bulletin Committee: Miss G. W. Sargent, 28 E. 35th St., New York 

City and Lenox, Mass. 
Litchfield Garden Club 

President: Mrs. S. E. Gage, 309 Sanford Ave., Flushing, New York 

and Maple Corners, West Morris, Conn. 
Secretary: Mrs. Henry S. Munroe, 118 W. 72nd St., New York 

City and Litchfield, Conn. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. S. E. Gage, 309 Sanford Ave., 

Flushing, N. Y. and Maple Corners, West Morris, Conn. 



Michigan, Garden Club of 

President: Miss Jessie Hendrie, Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan. 

Secretary: Mrs. Frederic Towle, Witherell Apartments, Detroit, 
Mich. 

Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. Edward H. Parker, 202 The 
Pasadena Apt., Detroit, Mich. 
Millbrook Garden Club 

President: Mrs. Oakleigh Thome, Millbrook, New York. 

Secretary: Miss Katharine Wodell, 161 E. 79th St., New York 
City and Millbrook, New York. 

Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. M. O'Malley Knott, 325 Frank- 
lin Place, Plainfield, N. J. and Millbrook, N. Y. 
Montgomery and Delaware Counties, The Gardeners of 

President: Mrs. William H. Hughes, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. 

Secretary: Miss Elizabeth D. Williams, P. O. Box 68, Haverford, 
Pa. 

Bulletin Committee Member: Miss Elizabeth D. Williams, Haver- 
ford, Pa. 
Newport, The Garden Association in 

President: Miss Wetmore, 1015 Fifth Ave., New York City and 
Bellevue Ave., Newport, R. I. 

Secretary: Mrs. Walker Smith, Westholm, Catherine St., New- 
port, R. I. 

Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. Arnold Hagen, 1724 I St., 
Washington, D. C. and Berry Hill, Newport, R. I. 
North Country Garden Club of Long Island 

President: Mrs. W. Emlen Roosevelt, 804 Fifth Ave., New York 
City and Oyster Bay, L. I., N. Y. 

Secretary: Mrs. Frederic B. Pratt, 229 Clinton Ave., Brooklyn, 
N. Y. and Dosoris, Glen Cove, L. L, N. Y. 

Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. Charles W. McKelvey, Oyster 
Bay, L. I., New York. 
Orange and Dutchess Counties, Garden Club of 

President: Mrs. James M. Fuller, Warwick, New York. 

Secretary: Mrs. Morris Rutherford, Warwick, New York. 

Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. James M. Fuller, Warwick, 
New York. 
Philadelphia, Garden Club of 

President: Mrs. J. Willis Martin, Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Secretary: Miss Ernestine Goodman, Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, 
Pa. 

Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. B. Franklin Pepper, Chestnut 
Hill, Philadelphia, Pa. 



Princeton, Garden Club of 

President: Mrs. Archibald Douglas Russell, 34 E. 36th St., New 

York City and Princeton, New Jersey. 
Secretary: Miss Jessie P. Frothingham, Princeton, New Jersey. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. George A. Armour, Allison 

House, Princeton, N. J. 

RlDGEEIELD GARDEN CLUB 

President: Mrs. A. Barton Hepburn, 205 W. 57th St., New York 

City and Ridgefield, Conn. 
Secretary: Mrs. George H. Newton, Ridgefield, Conn. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Miss Mary Olcott, 1155 Park Ave., 

New York City and Ridgefield, Conn. 
Rumson Garden Club 

President: Mrs. James W. Cunningham, West End, New Jersey. 
Secretary: Mrs. John B. Lunger, 103 E. 80th St., New York City 

and Rumson, New Jersey. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Miss Marjorie Prentiss, 108 Pierre- 

pont St., Brooklyn, N. Y. and Elberon, New Jersey. 
Rye Garden Club 

President: Mrs. Everett L. Crawford, Shanarock Farm, Portches- 

ter, N. Y. 
Secretary: Miss Anna M. Carrere, 471 Park Ave., New York 
• City and White Plains, N. Y. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. Harral Mulliken, Rye, New 

York. 
Short Hills Garden Club 

President: Mrs. Edward B. Renwick, Short Hills, New Jersey. 
Secretary: Mrs. Charles H. Stout, Short Hills, New Jersey. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. Edward B. Renwick, Short 

Hills, N. J. 
Somerset Hills, New Jersey, Garden Club of 

President: Mrs. Francis G. Lloyd, 157 E. 71st St., New York City 

and Bernardsville, New Jersey. 
Secretary: Mrs. George R. Mosle, 929 Park Ave., New York City 

and Gladstone, New Jersey. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. Schuyler S. W T heeler, 755 Park 

Ave., N. Y. and Bernardsville, New Jersey. 
Southampton, Long Island, Garden Club of 

President: Mrs. Thomas L. Barber, Southampton, L. I., N. Y. 
Secretary: Miss Rosina Hoyt, 934 Fifth Ave., New York City and 

Southampton, L. I. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Miss Rosina Hoyt, 934 Fifth Ave., 

New York City, Southampton, L. I. 



Trenton, Garden Club of 

President: Mrs. John A. Montgomery, 238 West State St., Tren- 
ton, New Jersey. 
Secretary: Miss Frances M. Dickinson, 479 W. State St., Trenton, 

N.J. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Miss Annie Pratt Perrine, 413 West 
State St., Trenton, N. J. 
Twenty, Garden Club of 

President: Mrs. W. Irvine Keyser, Stevenson, Maryland. 
Secretary: Mrs. John Sawyer Wilson, Stevenson, Maryland. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. Champlin Robinson, n E. 
Chase St., Baltimore, Maryland and Stevenson, Maryland. 
Ulster Garden Club 

President: Mrs. F. J. Higginson, The Huntington, Kingston, New 

York. 
Secretary: Miss Sarah Horton, Albany Ave., Kingston, New York. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. Everett Fowler, 129 Maiden 
Lane, Kingston, New York. 
Warrenton Garden Club 

President: Mrs. H. C. Groome, Warrenton, Virginia. 
Secretary: Miss Van Meter Gaskins, Warrenton, Virginia. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. Julian C. Keith, Warrenton, 
Virginia. 
Weeders, The 

President: Mrs. Francis Von A. Cabeen, Jr. Haverf ord, Pennsylvania. 
Secretary: Miss Annie J. Pugh, Overbrook, Pennsylvania. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. John Lyman Cox, 1235 Spruce 
St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Lake Forest School of Landscape Architecture 

The following is an outline of the proposed course for 191 7: 
Ralph Rodney Root, Professor 
Charles Mulford Robinson, Professor 
Noble Park Hollister, Instructor 

1. The History and Theory of Landscape Architecture : A series 
of lectures on the development of the Art of Landscape Architecture 
and its relation to present-day work. Special emphasis will be given 
to the Italian garden and its development. Three lectures a week 
with library research. Professor Root. 

6 Weeks — June 25 to August 4. 

2. Applied Landscape Design: A series of lectures on the under- 
lying principles of landscape design and their application to specific 



problems such as parks, playgrounds, and private estates, with 
special reference to garden design. The lectures will be supple- 
mented by excursions to study actual examples A series of problems 
will be offered during the term for students having had drafting ex- 
perience. A notebook will be kept which will contain the lecture 
notes, notes and sketches taken on field trips, and photographs. 
Three lectures and two field trips a week. Professor Root. 
6 Weeks — June 25 to August 4. 

3. Plants and Planting Design: Lectures dealing with the 
indentification and classification of plants most commonly used in 
planting design. Special attention will be given to the leaf color of 
the plants studied. The lectures will be supplemented by frequent 
field trips. A notebook will be kept of the field trips, containing plant 
notes, outline sketches, and photographs. Three lectures and twc 
field trips a week. Mr. HoUister. 

6 Weeks — June 25 to August 4. 

4. Composition as applied to Landscape Architecture: T 
lectures will be supplemented by field trips and a series of proble 
will be offered. Prof essor Root. 

Prerequisite: Credit in Course 2 or equivalent work in College 
3 Weeks — June 25 to July 17. 

5. The City Planning Movement: A series of lectures outlin 
its origin, characteristics and purposes as it has developed in differ 
countries. The meaning of the movement to the individual will 
emphasized as well as its significance to society. The lectures ** 
be supplemented by illustrative material. Three lectures a we 
Professor Robinson. 

3 Weeks — July 17 to August 4. 

6. Subdivision Planning: A series of lectures outlining social < 
economic principles which should be observed in the platting of a 
age property into lots. The lectures will be supplemented by & 
ment on existing subdivision plans. One or more problems requii 
drafting will be offered to members of the class. Two lectures a wt 
drafting room practice and library research. Professor Robinsor 

3 Weeks — July 17 to August 4. 



Order your Roses from 

Cromwell Gardens Handbook 

for 1917 
READY IN FEBRUARY 

A. N. PIERSON, Inc. 

Cromwell Gardens Cromwell. Conn. 



DAHLIAS, GLAF^j 

and all bulbs and roots fc . 
Planting. Write for a copP nn S 

E. H. KRELAGE & £ 

Catalog to J. A. de Veer. Sol * 

1 00 William Street NE ent 

ORK 



arter's Tested Seeds 

//y tested and each the highest stand- 
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fer many exclusive varieties. Send 
ir request for catalogue. 

TER'S TESTED SEEDS, Inc. 

amber of Commerce Bldg., Boston, Mass. 

: HOME OF HEATHER 

Announces its 1917 Edition of the 

xerhome Seed and Plant Book 

TERPIECE OF GARDEN CATALOGUES 

NIGHT & STRUCK CO. 

ANTSMEN SEEDSMEN 

TH AVENUE NEW YORK 

D GARDEN LOVERS 

E JOHNSTON-HEWITT STUDIOS 
e an exhibition of slides in color, 1 50 views 
notable American estates and gardens, 
uccessfully at Lenox at the Annual Meeting 
rden Club of America. Now available for 
Clubs and other organizations. Terms and 
irs on application. 

JOHNSTON-HEWITT STUDIOS 

536 Fifth Avenue, New York 

Months of January and February 

erienced plantsmen travel widely, visiting 
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HOMAS MEEHAN & SON 

6704 Chew Street 
itown Philadelphia, Pa. 

DEN CLUB STATIONERY 

NGRAVED AND PRINTED 

ien granite paper especially made 
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send for samples and prices 

_, __ _ s*^* .— . » .,, stationers 

tire a Company ENGRAVER s 

iSTNUT ST., PHILADELPHIA SPRINTERS 

onias, Delphinium 
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Awarded 45 Gold Medals 

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CKMORE & LANGDON 

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Builders of Greenhouses and Conservatories 

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Chicago Rochester Cleveland 

Rookery Bldg. Granite Bldg. Swetland Bldg. 

Toronto Montreal 

Royal Bank Bldg. Transportation Bldg. 

NOVELTIES IN ROSES FOR 
THE GARDEN FOR 1917 

Admiral Ward, Constance, Gorgeous, Brilliant, 
Iona Herdman, Climbing Irish Fireflarne, Mrs. Bryce 
Allan, Mrs. Stewart Clark, Red-Letter Day and Mrs. 
Wemyss Quin. 
Roses of highest merit. Catalogue sent on request. 

M. H. WALSH, Rose Specialist 

Woods Hole ... Massachusetts 

GOOD ROSES 

For Every Place and Purpose 

Send for Catalogue and consult 

Robert Pyle, President. 
THE CONRAD & JONES COMPANY 

WEST GROVE, PA. 



Studi 



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By A. CLUTTON-BROCK 

of the London Times 

With Introduction and Notes by MRS. FRANCIS 
KING, author of " The Well-Considered Garden." 
It is in the belief that Mr. Clutton-Brock's charming 
studies are of the best of all gardening literature that 
Mrs. King has supervised their American publication . 
$2.00 net. 

DECORATIVE GARDEN 
MARKERS 

A new idea in seed markers. Holds either 
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decorated in colors packed four in decorated 
gift box. 50 cents postpaid. 

RAY CARLIN 
17 DARTMORE ST. CLEVELAND, O. 

THEODOSIA B. SHEPHERD CO. 

VENTURA, CAL. 

PETUNIA SPECIALISTS 

Seeds of our celebrated strains now ready. 
Descriptive Catalogue on application. 
Awarded Gold and Silver Medals at the two 
Expositions in California 1915 and 1916. 



All advertisements endorsed by members of the GARDEN CLUB OF AMERICA 
In writing to Advertisers kindly refer to the Bulletin 



Gardens at Home and Abroad 

A lecture advocating hardy gardening and de- 
scribing some of the best gardens in England and 
America, by J. Wilkinson Elliott. The lecture is fully 
illustrated with one hundred and fifty beautiful 
slides, mostly colored. 

Terms for this lecture will be furnished Garden 
Clubs and other organizations on application. 

ELLIOTT NURSERY COMPANY 
PITTSBURGH, PA. 

Our Greenhouse Catalog lists a wide 
variety of orchids, palms and other green- 
house plants. The Nursery Catalog des- 
cribes the old fashioned hardy flowers, 
shrubs, evergreens, etc. 

Send for a copy. 

Tutiuy T^greKr^ Qcr 

Ertrx. 34 Rut'n.i-ford N.J. 



ROCK GARDENS 

ALPINE ROCKERIES are one of the most beauti- 
ful features of gardening. In them can be grown the 
exquisite varieties which are too dainty for the or- 
dinary border. 

We specialize in the choicest of these plants, as 
well as various other novelties. 

PRIMULAS a specialty. Catalogue post free. 

WOLCOTT NURSERIES, Jackson, Michigan 

Choice and Rare Hardy Plants 

IRISH ROSES 

Evergreens, 70 varieties in sizes up to 20 
feet. Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrubs 
in large sizes for immediate effect. 

Bulbs and Hardy Plants in great variety. 
ROSEDALE NURSERIES 
S. G. Harris, Box 6 Tarrytown, N. Y. 



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SEND for the most sumptuous seed catalog printed, with 
listings of the finest varieties of tested seeds. Their pedi- 
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READING 
Gll(± ENGLAND 



WINTER. SON & CO.. 64-A Wall St., New York 
Sole agents for the United States, East of Rocky Mountains 



MR. ROBERT PYLE 

The well-known Garden Lecturer and Ros 
invites correspondence from garden lover arian 
societies. Subject — "Roses and Rose Garc 5 and 
illustrated with finely colored lantern slide lens," 
Address s. 

WEST GROVE, PA. 




"Flowers for the Hardy Garc- — - 

A 40-page booklet written from notes me •' er * 
my own garden. Tells how and where to de in 
perennials, with careful descriptions of the plant 
ties most useful for the amateur's garder /arie- 
copy is yours for the asking. i. A 

TWIN LARCHES NURSERY 
F. Thomas West Cheste 

Hardy Ferns and Flow- - 

For Dark Shady Places 0* ' 
I have specialized for 34 years in native A 
woodland plants, orchids and shrubs. ""J 

Send for my 80-page Illustrated Calalo. 

EDWARD GILLETT * ue 

27 Main Street Southwick, 

Mass. 

Dodson Bird Houses atttr —^— 

songbirds. There is a diff actt L e 

between them and the co erence 

cial bird houses. 

mmer- 
Wnte for illustrated catj 
showing 28 designs, also J _, e 
a beautiful colored pictur' p§pc 
"Nature Neighbors" — wo f rom 
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749 S. Harrison Avenue Kankakee. 

Illinois 




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Price, $12.50 



Lilies, 

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Flower — SEEDS — Vegetal 
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CHICAGO (Catalog Free) NEW Yf'E 

ORK 



All Advertisements endorsed by members of the GARDEN CLUB OF AMERICA 
In writing to Advertisers kindly refer to the Bulletin 



Bulletin of 

Zhe <$arfcen Club 

of Hmerlca 

March, 1917 No. XIX 

President Vice-Presidents 
MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN 

Chestnut Hill. Philadelphia MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 

Treasurer 34 E. 36TH Street, New York and 

MRS. H. D. AUCHINCLOSS Princeton, New Jersey 

33 E. 6 7 th Street New York and MRS. BENJAMIN FAIRCHILD 

Newport, R. I. 247 FlFTH avenue, New York and 

MRS. BAYARD hFnRY ____ f™™™^™ ' Y °" 

Germantown, Philadelphia MRS - FRANCIS KING 

Librarian AlMA> Michigan 

MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN MRS. JOHN E. NEWELL 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia West Mentor, Ohio 

Editor 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

mo Lake Shore Drive. Chicago, and Lake Forest, Illinois 

The objects of this association shall be: to stimulate the knowledge and love of gardening among 
amateurs; to share the advantages of association, through conference and correspondence in thii 
country and abroad; to aid in the protection of native plants and birds; and to encourage civic planting. 



I know the secrets of the seeds of flowers 

Hidden and warm with showers, 

And how, in kindling spring, the cuckoo shall 

Alter his interval. 

But not a flower or song I ponder is 

My own, but memory's. 

I shall be silent in those days desired 

Before a world inspired. 

Alice Meynell. 



Calendars say that Spring begins in March, and in more favored 
spots it does. Here in the north sap begins to rise and garden in- 
terests are reborn. 

It is the serenest time of all the gardener's year. No memory of 
past blows, no prescience of future ills disturbs a tranquil faith in 
nature. 

This is truly the last snow storm, April rains will function with the 
precision of a shower bath, and May flowers bloom buoyantly, un- 
disturbed by frosty nights. Not one of those little green seedlings, 
pricking through the moist black surface of the seed-pans is going to 
damp off. Even the gardener is troubled as to where in the world 
room can be found for so many. And that what is labeled pink should 
bloom purple is unthinkable! So much was done last Autumn that 
this year there can be no Spring rush. The deep snows have surely 
prevented winter-killing, the new method of covering the perennials 
is undoubtedly a success and no field mouse has dared to eat the still 
shrouded roses. 

Happy March, cold but confident : foolish gardener, boastful but 
beguiled! 

Unusual Annuals 

To the average gardener, the word "annuals" means only nas- 
turtiums, larkspurs, marigolds, stocks, petunias, and other old 
favorites with which we have all been familiar since childhood and 
which will probably continue to be popular as long as gardens exist. 
But, besides these, the immense family of annuals includes a goodly 
number of flowers which have never won the recognition their merits 
deserve, which, if we may use such a word, have never "arrived." 
Many of them seem to be unknown to American gardeners, and the 
majority are not listed in American seed catalogues. This is a pity 
because the trial of a few novelties, now and then, adds greatly to the 
pleasure of garden work. 

In my own garden, which is a thoroughly informal one, the plant- 
ing of which I can, and do, change from year to year, I have tried a 
large number of novelties — hardy and tender perennials, bulbs and 
annuals. The word "novelties" is not quite accurate for some, new 
to me and my friends, are so old fashioned that they are no longer 
carried in stock by nurserymen. 

Each year I try a few experiments. Sometimes they are failures, 
but, these, on the whole, have been few, and the successes many. It 
is of the most satisfactory of the unusual annuals that I wish to tell. 
Though some may be quite familiar with many of them, it is in the 



belief that they are not generally well known that I have ventured to 
use the word "unusual." 

Those who like small neat plants with dainty flowers will like 
the alonsoas which are very pretty annuals, from nine inches to a foot 
high, with blossoms in shades of pink, brilliant scarlet and crimson. 
The red varieties seem of quicker growth and are freer-flowering than 
the pink. They are good in masses or used as an informal edging. 

Another good edging plant of more compact habit which has 
the merit of doing equally well in sun or shade is the pale blue annual 
asperula. There is a perennial asperula — sweet woodruff — which is 
white and very fragrant but the annual form is but faintly perfumed. 
Its soft, pure color makes it a good substitute for the somewhat 
hackneyed ageratum. 

Browallia is another and a very valuable plant, which comes in a 
good shade of blue, grows from fifteen to eighteen inches high, with 
flowers of a much brighter and deeper color than those of asperula 
and sometimes with a white center. It self-sows so abundantly 
that it might almost be called perennial, and is, in fact, perennial in a 
mild climate. The white browallia is also very pretty and like the 
blue is covered with flowers all summer long. 

Closely related to alonsoa is diascia Barbaras, with lovely, long- 
spurred flowers of salmon pink tinted with lavender in the center. 
It grows about a foot high and spreads into clumps which if taken 
up, and wintered over in a cold frame, will make good sized plants for 
flowering early the following season. Diascia is one of the loveliest 
and daintiest of the smaller growing annuals and it is too bad that 
it is not more widely known. 

In didiscus we have an excellent annual, fifteen inches in height, 
with head of lavender blue flowers. It seems rather a slow grower, 
especially in a heavy soil unsuited to any but the most robust annual. 

I wonder how many modern gardeners know the datura. It used 
to be a great favorite a generation ago — you will find it described in 
all the older gardening books, where it was known as the "Horn of 
Plenty," owing to the shape of its flowers. Although rather a coarse 
plant, it is so tall and bold, often five feet high, and of such striking 
appearance that it has distinct decorative value. It looks best 
placed alone with only low-growing things about it so that its outline 
can be plainly seen. It needs careful attention, however, in the 
matter of pruning and staking or it gets ungainly. I have tried two 
kinds, Cornucopia and Wrightii; the former is the handsomer, the 
latter the easier to raise. Both have grayish green foliage, purple 
polished stems and immense trumpet shaped flowers, sometimes a 



foot long, which hang down from amidst the foliage. In both these 
varieties the flowers are white and very sweetly scented; in Cornu- 
copia they are double, in Wrightii single. 

There are delphiniums which may be treated as annuals and with 
one exception they are of the Chinese type, dwarf, with blue or white 
flowers. The one exception is delphinium nudicale, a foot in height, 
of spreading habit, with tuberous roots, dark green leathery foliage 
and many spikes of scarlet and yellow flowers. Although perhaps not 
quite so beautiful as the blue kinds, it is a showy and effective plant 
with a very long blooming season. I start my seeds in pots about the 
first of February and they begin blooming about July; the second 
season they start flowering much earlier, by the first of June, and are, 
of course, stronger and better in every way. 

It seems strange to get seed of so essentially American a flower as 
the California poppy from England, but there is a variety of escholtzia 
I have never seen listed except in the catalogue of one English firm. 
This variety is called Miniature Primrose, and is absolutely different 
from any other California poppy I know. It grows not more than 
three or four inches high, the delicate pale foliage is erect like grass, 
and the little cup-shaped flowers, light creamy yellow in color, are also 
held erect. I like to sow it broadcast and thickly in bare places 
beneath taller plants where it makes a pretty ground cover. 

The orange colored erysimum belongs to the wallflower family and 
comes both as a biennial and as an annual, with flowers that are 
similar in both forms. Erysimums come also in shades of yellow. 

Gilia is a dainty, rather than a showy annual, but it is worth trying, 
with its slender stems and foliage and its pretty flowers in mauve, 
white and pink. 

And in gaura, we have another of those good things from western 
America, which are so much more appreciated on the other side of 
the Atlantic. Gaura is a perennial of doubtful hardiness; it 
lives out over the winter, with me, in a sheltered place and in light 
soil, but is perhaps best grown as an annual. It is a graceful plant 
with long arching sprays of pinkish white flowers, the stems rising from 
a tuft of dark green leaves sometimes mottled with red. It is in- 
clined to get a little untidy in wet or windy weather so is best placed 
behind plants of more compact habit. 

Layia is a native of California. Its soft, pale green leaves re- 
semble those of the poppy family, but its yellow and white flowers are 
daisy-shaped. It is a delightful plant, so clean and fresh looking and 
very full flowering throughout a long season. 

I find that comparatively few people know the very brilliant and 



satisfactory annual linum or flax. It is a foot high and its single, 
saucer- shaped flowers are a pure bright cherry red, of satiny texture, 
excellent for cutting and showy in the garden. It is a slender growing 
plant and looks best in masses. 

To those who have a shady corner where the soil is moist yet not 
too heavy, I can recommend the large flowering forms of mimulus or 
monkey flower, with gorgeous, trumpet- shaped blossoms of red or 
yellow, or red and yellow mixed, spotted and mottled in a most 
fantastic way. In its unimproved form the mimulus is very dwarf, 
only about three inches high and creeps over the ground, but the 
modern strains are larger in every way and more compact. Mine 
grow about six inches high. 

I wish seedsmen would pay more attention to the nemesia, which 
seems to me sadly neglected. I first tried it a few years ago, after 
seeing it advertised and illustrated in an English catalogue and since 
then I have never felt that I could do without it. But a superior 
strain of seed is necessary or the result will be disappointing. It is 
not advisable to try to start nemesia indoors or anywhere but in the 
open ground, as the seedlings have a tendency to damp off and need a 
great deal of air and light and a low temperature in their early stages. 
I find, too, that although they can be moved safely enough, they do 
better if not transplanted. A row of these fine annuals, well grown, is 
an ornament to any garden and exhibits an unusual range of bright 
colors — yellow, white, cream, reds and pinks and in the smaller 
flowering hybrids there are some pretty blues and mauves. These, 
however, are not as satisfactory as the large flowering strain. Neme- 
sia forms a tuft of leaves from which rise the nine to ten inch stems, 
crowned with flowers shaped something like those of the snapdragon. 

If one is looking for a gorgeous blue, absolutely pure in tone with- 
out a trace of purple, let her try phacelia campanularia — an awe 
inspiring name for a little plant a few inches high. Personally I know 
of no such shade of blue in any other flower — it is more brilliant, yet 
velvety, than that of the delphiniums, for instance. Successive sow- 
ings should be made, as it blooms itself to death. Another good 
phacelia is phacelia congesta, which is quite different, being taller, 
with schizanthus-like foliage and produces all summer long good 
sized heads of pretty, soft lilac blue flowers. 

Platystemon, like layia, is from California, and makes a good com- 
panion to that annual, as the leaves and stems are of the same pale 
green and the flowers too are yellow — a very light creamy yellow, 
cup-shaped, with a deeper center. They are very lasting, staying on 
the plant in good condition for two or three days. 



I once saw Swan River daisy, brachyome, referred to as "the 
perfect annual," and indeed, it has every claim to that distinction 
except perfume. Its exquisite little flowers, which completely cover 
the plant, are like those of cineraria in miniature and show fascinating 
variations in details of form and color. They grow about four inches 
high, and come in lovely shades of pale blue and pink as well as white. 
I once used Swan River daisy with great success as a carpet for rose beds. 

The ordinary verbenas are, of course, too well known to need any 
word of description, but not equally familiar is the variety called 
moss verbena, with its finely cut foliage and heads of pretty lilac or 
white flowers. It grows very freely and self sows with great abun- 
dance, in both of which characteristics it differs radically from verbena 
pulcherrima, a trim erect little plant with rich reddish purple flowers 
and charming foliage. It is not as easy to raise as the other members 
of this numerous family and on account of its peculiar color needs to 
be used with some discretion. 

And finally I want to put forth the claims of viscaria, with its 
flowers shaped like those of a single pink and its gay colors, blue, 
white, red and pink. It is hardy, quick growing, free flowering, a 
thoroughly reliable and satisfactory little annual which is best sown, 
by the way, where it is to flower. 

After all, the only way to truly know flowers is to grow them one's 
self and the gardener who tries such sterling kinds as nemesia, Swan 
River daisy, layia, viscaria, diascia and linum (to mention only my 
own special favorites) will not, I am sure, be disappointed. Please 
do not think that I feel that the less-known annuals I have tried to 
describe could take the place of our old favorites. They could not, of 
course; nothing could. But a few of them here and there, will serve 
to break the pleasant monotony of calendulas and stocks and pinks 
and sweet alyssum and among them, I am confident, the flower lover 
will find at least one or two which she will be glad to number hence- 
forth as regular features of bed and borders. 

Antoinette Dwight, 

Rumson Garden Club. 

A Subtler Meaning 

If Spring were only song of bird 
And tender green and budding bough, 
Nor fancies light within us stirred 
To leave the furrow and the plough, 
And take the road — ay, beg a meal 
With some delightful ne'er-do-weel, 



Would sudden gusts of fierce disdain, 

Mad laughter, or a mist of tears 

Come tugging at our ball and chain, 

When April's renaissance appears? 

Would Life be tuning every string 

If Spring meant nothing more than— Spring? 

Kate B. Burton, 
Mrs. J. P. Burton. Garden Club of Cleveland. 

The Flower Mission 

I have been asked to give a short history of the formation and work 
of the Flower Mission, which I do with a great deal of pleasure. 
The idea originated with Miss Helen W. Tinkham, encouraged by 
Dr. Edward Everett Hale and the first work of the kind in the world, 
I am told, was started in Boston in 1869. The first Sunday in May 
of that year a brief notice was read in several of the city churches in- 
viting all having either fruit or flowers to spare, or time to gather wild 
ones from the woods, to send their gifts to the chapel of the old Hollis 
Street Church, which would be open on certain mornings from eight 
until twelve, for the reception and distribution of flowers and fruit for 
the sick and poor of the city. The essentials for work in the chapel 
were a long table, broad enough to turn the flowers out in heaps, with 
room for assorting; shallow tanks of water in which to place the 
bouquets as fast as prepared and plenty of string and scissors. 
Railroads transported free of expense all baskets and parcels for the 
Flower Mission and if the baskets were marked with owner's name 
and address, were returned by the next train. 

In 1872, when but a girl of fifteen, I read an account of the Boston 
Flower Mission and determined to organize a similar one in the 
neighborhood of Philadelphia. Together with a number of my little 
schoolmates we started the Germantown Flower Mission, which, I am 
glad to state, is still in operation. 

For two years, besides receiving and arranging our flowers, we were 
obliged to go by train to Philadelphia, carry our large baskets from 
hospital to hospital and up and down the long wards. Glad indeed 
we children were to hear in 1874 that the Philadelphia Flower Mission 
had been organized and that we could confine ourselves to the work 
of receiving, arranging and forwarding the flowers by express to the 
city workers, who would attend to their distribution. 

It is rather remarkable that it has never been found necessary to 
make any change in the original simple methods and that, when in 



1903, we started on the main line of the Pennsylvania R. R., about 
eight miles out from Philadelphia, the Haverford Branch of the 
Philadelphia Flower, Fruit and Ice Mission, the old plan was adhered 
to as entirely satisfactory. Through the kindness of the Pennsyl- 
vania R. R. we are allowed the free use of a small express office at the 
station for our work. There every Wednesday morning during the 
summer, from eight to half past nine, contributions are received of 
flowers, fruit, vegetables or money. Notices to that effect are posted 
at all the neighboring stations. 

A special committee is in charge each week and we are particularly 
fortunate in having a number of young girls who are untiring in their 
attention to the work of the Mission. They tie the bunches and place 
them in tanks of water before packing them in hampers. This we feel 
to be quite important and we also urge that our contributors pick their 
flowers over night, leaving them in water in some cool place to 
"harden." 

The hampers, generally five in number, are shipped on an early 
train and delivered by an express company to the rooms of the Phila- 
delphia Flower, Fruit and Ice Mission in the Parish Building of the 
Episcopal Church of St. Luke's and the Epiphany in order that the 
Visiting Nurse Society, District Visitors, etc., may distribute the 
flowers, while quite fresh, among the various hospitals, homes and 
private cases all over the city. 

From Haverford station alone we send to town each season from 
eight to ten thousand bouquets and quantities of fruit and vegetables. 

No salaries are paid, no rent for the room; our expenses are kept 
down to about fifty cents a week for clearing up the room, the occa- 
sional purchase of a new hamper and the printing of our short report. 
This enables us to use aU money contributed for the purchase of ice 
and occasionally milk, which is distributed where most needed in the 
crowded sections of the city. We are assured that the three or four 
hundred dollars, which we donate each summer to the purchase of 
five cent ice tickets, brings great relief to the sick poor. All deserving 
cases are reported to the Mission and investigated through social 
service workers, who are untiring in their work of love. 

Another station on the main line, Overbrook, caught inspiration 
from us and is doing a splendid work and from other stations and 
suburbs come hampers of flowers, fruit and vegetables to the central 
distributing mission. 

It must not be overlooked that this short sketch tells only my own 
experiences during the past forty years with Flower Mission work. 
There are many Missions all over the country doing similar work, and 



I know of nothing more worth while. It has been well said that 
there is no organization, either social or religious, that brings more 
sunshine and happiness into the lives of those who are sick and sad. 
With other Flower Missions the methods may be somewhat differ- 
ent, but there are two essential points on which I feel sure we all 
agree — that the flowers be put in the hands of the patients in as fresh 
condition as possible and with as little outlay of money as practicable. 

Mary V. Lewis Sayres. 
Mrs. Edward S. Sayres. The Garden Club of Philadelphia. 

A Bumper Crop 

We have in our garden a natural rock which we have made very 
interesting to us by planting in the earth pockets — in addition to the 
usual rock plants of commerce — various wild things from the nearby 
woods — columbine, saxifrage, violets, Jack-in-the-pulpit, ' ferns, 
Spring Beauty, hepatica — as well as plants found while on extended 
automobile tours. Most of these things have lived and are reminders 
of happy days on which they were gathered. 

At the foot of this rock we have two artificial pools, which mirror 
the rock and the sky very effectively. Two years ago we bought six 
gold-fish and put them in the pools for the purpose of exterminating 
any mosquito larvae. Last fall when we took the fish out to drain 
the pools for the winter, we found we had nineteen baby fish. This 
fall when they were taken out we counted one hundred and twenty- 
four fish of various sizes. 

I hope all may be as successful in gardening as we have been in fish 
culture and that without the slightest effort or intention. 

Trenton Garden Club. 

The Windflower 

Happy the frost- white flower, for she, 
Hand in hand with Spring is free. 
They of all the world's upholding, 
Know their hearts in joy unfolding. 

Caroline Edwards Prentice. 

Rumson Garden Club. 



Climbing Roses 

In these days of multiplicity, the gardener is often put to it to make 
a suitable choice from the long lists of varieties which appear in every 
catalogue. The following list of climbing roses has been condensed 
(in form, not in number of varieties) from one written for The Garden- 
ers' Chronicle by Mr. E. Molyneux. It is interesting to notice how 
many of the varieties originated in America. 

American Pillar (Conrad, 1909) — Flowers a charming shade of 
deep pink with clear white eye and yellow stamens, single and pro- 
duced in large clusters. Growth exceptionally strong. Robust, deep 
green foliage. 

Sander's White — Recent introduction. Best white Rambler 
flowering in July and August. Blooms borne in large masses. Growth 
strong with true Wichuraiana foliage. 

Francois Juranville (Barbier, 1906) — Wichuraiana of the true form. 
Blossoms large for a Rambler. Bright salmon-pink with orange yel- 
low at base of petals. Flowering commences at end of June and con- 
tinues to middle of August. Habit of growth excellent. 

Blush Rambler (B. Cant, 1903) — Polyantha. Produces excep- 
tionally strong basal shoots, often 14 ft. long. Scented blush flowers 
with lighter center, semi-double, produced in large clusters. 

Excelsa (Walsh, 1909) — Commonly known as Crimson Dorothy 
Perkins. Finest of all richly colored sorts. Large trusses, freely 
produced from base to summit. Height 12 ft. 

Sodenia (Weigand, 191 2) — Wichuraiana. Brilliant carmine, 
approaching scarlet. Trusses and flowers large. Vigorous and free- 
flowering. 

Gardenia (Soupert et Notting, 1900) — First of Rambler type to 
open flowers and last in bloom. Produces several crops of flowers in 
season. Buds deep yellow, flowers expand to pure white. Fine 
foliage. 

Paul's Scarlet Climber (W. Paul & Sons, 1916) — Vivid scarlet 
shaded bright crimson. Bloom profuse and growth strong with 
ample foliage. 

Tausendschon (A. Schwartz, 1906) — Strong growing variety. 
Flowers freely in large, loose trusses. Pink, deepening to rosy 
carmine with age. 



Lady Godiva — Pink sport from Dorothy Perkins, supposed to be 
identical with Dorothy Dennison and Christine Curie but color in 
Lady Godiva is deeper and is therefore preferred. 

Lady Gay (Walsh, 1903) — Cherry pink. Larger blooms, set 
wider apart than in Dorothy Perkins. Free flowering and excellent 
habit. 

Dorothy Perkins (Perkins, 1902) — Most popular of all Rambler 
roses. Has all desirable attributes in growth, freedom of flowering, 
hardiness and adaptability. 

Minnehaha (Walsh, 1905) — Dark rose. Late flowering in large 
trusses. 

Claire Jacquier — Small blooms of nankeen color. Large clusters. 
Very early. Useful to extend flowering season. 

Sweetheart (Walsh, 1903) — Flowering season extends over a long 
period. Opening buds pink, changing to pure white. 

Mme. Alfred Carriere (A. Schwartz, 1879) — Commences to flower in 
June. Buds pink, developing to pure white. Growth strong and clean. 

Hiawatha (Walsh, 1905) — Brilliant scarlet, single-flowered Wi- 
churaiana. Bloom lasts in good condition longer than other varieties. 
Habit of growth strong but graceful. 

Evangeline (Walsh, 1907) — Single-flowered Wichuraiana. Large 
panicles of large blooms. White with carmine-tipped petals. 

Bagatelle Rose Trials, 1917—18. — A trial of rose novelties will be 
made at Bagatelle, near Paris, in 1917-1918, as in past years. Plants 
sent for competition should have been raised in pots, and several 
specimens — five at least — must be sent to the Rosary at Bagatelle 
before April 15, 19 17. A note must be attached as to their origin 
and parentage, and stating any special treatment required. The 
plants will be placed in the public Rosary as soon as they reach 
Bagatelle. They will remain there until the month of October of the 
second year, so that the jury may be able to study, during two seasons, 
the flowering and quality of vegetation. The address to which 
plants must be sent is: — Roseraie de Bagatelle au Bois de Boulogne, 
En gare de Neuilly-Porte-Maillot-Paris. 

The following interesting table has been compiled by Mr. William 
C. Egan, Egandale, Highland Park, 111. 

The roses, forty-two varieties in all, were planted at Egandale in 
March, 1915. There are three plants of each variety. The record 
was kept during June and July, 1916. 



Var. No. 

La Tosca .... 
Killarney .... 
Ecarlate .... 
Radiance .... 
Grossherzog Friederich 
Lady Ursula . 
Majestic .... 
Ophelia .... 
Mrs. A. R. Waddell . 
Pharisaer 
Caroline Testout 
Willowmere . 
Mrs. Aaron Ward . 
Lady Alice Stanley . 
Viscountess Folkstone 
Antoine Rivoire . 
Prince de Bulgarie . 
Lady Ashtown (2 plants) 
Souvenir Gustav de Prat 
Florence Pemberton 
Lieut. Chaure 
Duchess of Westminster 



Blooms 
130 

81 

80 

78 

59 

56 

54 

49 

48 

46 
44 
44 
42 
40 

39 
36 
36 
34 
32 
S^ 
21 

3i 



No. Blooms 
30 



Var. 

Farbenkonigen 
Lady Pirrie . 
Mme. Leon Paine . 
Mme. Melanie Soupert 
Gustav Grunerwald 
Laurent Carle . 
Mrs. Wakefield— 

Christie Miller . 
General McArthur . 
Mme. Ravary 
Duchess of Wellington 
Earl of Warwick 
Louise C. Breslau . 
Mme. Jules Bouche 
Mme. J. Gillemot 
Mrs. F. W. Vanderbilt 
Chateau de Clos Vougeot 
Mme. Rostand . 
Jonkher J. L. Mock 
Mrs. George Shawyer . 
Dean Hole (1st year planted) 



30 
28 
27 
27 
26 

27 
25 
25 
24 
21 
21 
20 

19 
18 
18 
17 
14 
12 
12 



12s Plants 



1584 



In these stirring times, even the garden should wave a flag! 

DIRECTIONS POR MAKING THE FLAG 

Upon a square of blue as many stars as States should show, 
To represent the Union great for which we fight, you know; 

Then thirteen stripes, first red next white, in alternating row, 
For that's the number of the States who formed the Union so. 

Of these thirteen four red, three white, should run from out the blue ; 

The rest of them come under, to make "Old Glory" true. 
Be sure to start the stripes with red and finish with the same — 

You'll have the greatest flag on earth, United States its name! 



See, there upon my garden bed "The Colors" in full view! 

Those daisy stars are what you need, on a delphinium blue; 
The poppies and the candy-tuft are just the red and white 

To form your thirteen glowing stripes that make The Flag so bright. 



And truth to tell, my garden bed doth something more reveal: 

Besides The Colors there's the Cause, which holds both woe and 
weal. 
Who loves must work, through drought and hurt, for Flag as well as 
flowers — 
Thank God that He who gives the stripes gives us the Stars and 
showers! Mrs. Ralph Walsh. 

The Garden Club of Harford County, Maryland. 

Suggestions for a Border 

This Border bloomed in Newport about July 12th. 

1st. Dark and Light Delphinium. 

2d. Madonna Lilies. 

3d. Pale Pink and White Canterbury Bells. 

4th. (Purple Veronica just coming.) 

5 th. White Pansies, seeded in early Spring. 

The other plants are Perennial and Biennial. 

Cut this all down about July 30th and fill in these Annuals from 
seed bed. 

1st. Dreer's Late Branching White Aster (1467 catalogue). 
Back of these Annual White and Purple Lupines. Between as you 
think proper, Lemon Queen Marigold. Zinnias, palest pink and 
yellow. 

By this time the second bloom of Delphiniums is up, and you have 
bloom till frost. 

A combination that is charming all summer. Plant on a slope 
if you have one. Copied by me from Windsor Castle Garden: 

Perennial Lavender. Fill all available space with Annual Helio- 
trope. Meta Thayer Graham, 

Garden Association in Newport. 

A Letter from 
The Audubon Society 

An extremely important measure is now pending in the United 
States Congress, we urge that you give it your immediate support. 

The bill in question, known as Migratory Bird Treaty Act, has 
been introduced recently in the Senate by Senator Gilbert M. Hitch- 
cock of Nebraska and a similar bill was introduced in the House by 
Congressman Henry G. Flood of Virginia. 



The object of this proposed legislation is to give power and force 
to the Migratory Bird Treaty ratified between this country and 
Canada on December 6, 1916. 

Unless the Migratory Bird Treaty Act becomes a law the treaty 
for which bird conservationists labored so long will virtually ,be- 
come a dead letter! Without an enabling act of this character our 
previous work for migratory bird-protection will largely come to 
naught. 

The present session of Congress will be a very short one, ter- 
minating on March 4, 191 7, therefore owing to the crush of work to 
be considered there is going to be great difficulty in getting the bill 
properly before Congress. 

This can be done, however, if a large measure of interest is mani- 
fested by the public. 

I earnestly urge that you wire or write at once the Senators and 
Representatives of your State in Congress and request them to give 
this measure their support. Ask the Senators to support " Senate Bill 
No. 7858 known as the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, " and ask your 
Congressmen to support "House Bill No. 20080." 

T. Gilbert Pearson, Secretary. 

And a Bird Story 

The civilizing and intelligent softening influence of well directed 
nature study was brought home to me last summer while spending 
a half hour at a boys' camp in Maine. One of the counselors, a fine 
athletic young fellow, pointed out to me, with the greatest pride what 
he called "the sweetest thing in camp." There beside one of the 
most frequented paths sat a little Hermit Thrush on her nest ! That 
shyest of all birds ! She was alarmed at the interest shown in her, and 
after a few visibly anxious moments, fluttered from her nest, but only 
to fly as far as a small bush nearby. A most delightfully unkempt and 
sunburned boy of the camp standing near, bashfully remarked, "We 
better not stay here, she might not go back, we fellows don't use this 
path any more than we can help, and when we do we go still as we 
can." 

What would have happened to the little thrush and her nest 
twenty-five or thirty years ago when the thoughtless ignorance or an 
unsatisfied thirst for knowledge made savages of those well beloved, 
naughty little boys? 

Annie' Pratt Perrine, 

Trenton Garden Club. 



Potatoes 

Last year, almost everywhere, in this country and abroad the 
potato crop was a complete failure. The following short articles from 
The Gardeners' Chronicle may help toward better results this year. 

Seed Potatoes. — Select and place in single layers all seed-tubers 
necessary for next season's potato crop. Moderate-sized tubers are 
best. Those for planting early should be carefully set up on end in 
shallow trays or boxes, and allowed to sprout in a moderately cool 
place before they are planted. Sprouting the sets has considerable 
advantages, for it ensures a better development of the plants and a 
greater weight of produce. It is advisable to procure a change of seed 
each season; at least half the quantity of tubers required for planting 
should be obtained from a distance. It is important that all tubers 
intended for planting be stored in a cool, well-ventilated place until 
they are required. 

J. Dunn, Foreman, Royal Gardens, Windsor. 

Freshly-Turned Land and the Potato. — Very much has been, 
and is being, written to-day in the gardening and daily press upon this 
dual subject; but seldom is there any mention of the particular food 
required by the potato — potash. In prepared manurial form this 
fertilizer is admittedly difficult to obtain, but we have it in a rougher 
degree in old leaves and wood ashes obtained from burnt prunings. 
What is of paramount importance just now is the fact that quite near 
to much of the land to be broken up are quantities of these old leaves 
in ditches, among trees and lying alongside fences. May I advise 
those having the above work to superintend or who are breaking it up 
themselves to seize what is to be had of such material and work it in 
the trench as digging or trenching proceeds? The wood ashes can 
also be applied now likewise or scattered over the surface freshly dug, 
or, as I prefer, kept back until the spring and scattered over the ground 
just before cropping time. 

C. Turner, Highgate. 

The Bulletin 
of the Arnold Arboretum 

Enclosed in this issue of The Bulletin you will find a subscription 
blank for the Bulletin of the Arnold Arboretum. That we should 
take it upon ourselves to introduce this publication to Garden Club 
members seems rather presumptuous, a little like bringing the moun- 



tain to Mohammed, but since apparently few of our members go to 
the Arboretum and still fewer know that its Bulletin can come to them, 
we feel that steps should be taken to bring the two together. 

There follows Professor Sargent's explanation of the Arboretum's 
Bulletin. That he himself edits this description of the Arboretum, 
its beauties and interests, is an assurance of its authority and im- 
portance. It is published only during the spring and summer months, 
and if you will enclose a dollar in the conveniently enclosed envelope, 
the autumn will find you a more informed and enlightened arboricul- 
turist and horticulturalist. 

"The Bulletin was started with the idea of telling people within 
easy reach of the Arboretum what was best worth seeing at the time it 
reached them. As considerable interest has been shown in it in parts 
of the country remote from the Arboretum I have tried to talk about 
new plants as they flower and to give general information about 
shrubs and trees new and old. The issues of the last two years, at 
least, contain, I hope, a lot of information which is useful to persons 
living outside of Massachusetts. There is a good deal of repetition; 
that is, in June this year there would probably be descriptions of 
plants which were also described or mentioned last June. This seems 
unavoidable for we want to keep in touch with local people that they 
may know what is flowering here. And, after all, repetition from year to 
year does no harm since there are new readers, and old readers for- 
get." 

Spring Flower Shows 

New York Flower Show, March 15 to 22. 
St. Louis Flower Show, March 15 to 18. 
Philadelphia Rose Show (A. R. S.), March 20 to 23. 
Boston Flower Show, March 21 to 25. 



New York Flower Show Award 

At the New York Flower Show, to be held March i5th-22d, 
Mrs. Martin will give a silver cup for the best arrangement of flow- 
ers, color scheme and arrangement each to count one half. The 
prize will be awarded Friday, March 16th, by the following judges: 

Mrs. B. Franklin Pepper, Garden Club of Philadelphia. 

Mrs. Henry Marquand, Bedford Garden Club, N. Y. 

Mrs. Max McMurray, Garden Club of Cleveland. 



Meeting of the Executive Committee 
and Council of Presidents 

A meeting of the Executive Committee of The Garden Club will 
be held at the residence of Mrs. Fairchild, 247 Fifth Avenue, New 
York, on Friday, March 16th, at 11:30 A. M. 

In the afternoon the Council of Presidents will meet at the same 
address. 

Tentative Program for the 

Fifth Annual Meeting of The GARDEN Club OF AMERICA 

in Lake Forest, Illinois 

Tuesday, June 26th 

Arrival of Officers and Delegates. 

Executive Committee Meeting in late afternoon. 

(Other Committee Meetings if desired.) 
Gardens in part of Lake Forest will be opened during afternoon. 
Dinner in evening for Officers and Delegates followed by Garden Party 

to which all Garden Club members will be invited. 

Wednesday, June 27TH 

First Business Meeting in morning followed by luncheon for all 

Garden Club members. 
Winnetka Gardens will be opened in afternoon. 

Thursday, June 28th 

Second Business Meeting followed by luncheon for all Garden Club 

members. 
Other Lake Forest Gardens will be opened in afternoon. 
Evening Party to which all Garden Club members will be invited 

where Presidents will read reports and Lantern Slides will probably 

be shown. 

All meetings and entertainments will be given in the houses or 
gardens of members of the Garden Club of Illinois. 

Arrangements will be made for visitors either in the homes of the 
members of the Garden Club of Illinois, or at the Moraine Hotel, 
Highland Park, Illinois. This is about midway between Lake Forest 
and Winnetka. As the accommodation is limited at that season, 
members are urged to notify the chairman of the committee as soon as 
possible of their intention to be present at the meeting. 



All details of hostesses, hours for meetings, committee meetings 
and train schedules will be sent to Club Secretaries and also printed in 
the May Bulletin. 

Names of Committee: 

Mrs. Walter S. Brewster, Chairman, 
Mrs. A. A. Carpenter, 
Mrs. Wm. G. Hibbard, 
Mrs. Louis E. Laflin, 
Mrs. Cyrus H. McCormick, 
Mrs. Joseph Medill Patterson. 
(This program is unofficial and has not as yet been passed upon by 
the Executive Committee of The Garden Club of America.) 

Book Reviews 

Annuals and Biennials, by Gertrude Jekyll. Price $3.00. 

A charming book written so tactfully that it satisfies the ex- 
perienced gardener and stimulates the inexperienced worker among 
flowers. It contains most valuable suggestions for distinct groups of 
people, 

(1) The owners of new homes who have dreaded the bareness of 
their gardens for the first summer. 

(2) The tenant, who knowing not who will reap the benefit, 
refrains from planting perennials. 

(3) The social service worker who with a few packages of seed, 
and guided by the knowledge obtained in this book, can arouse pride 
in their surroundings among the people she visits. 

Miss Jekyll is evidently a foe to bare spots, for she has a remedy 
for each and every one, be its nature dry or wet, rich or rocky. The 
praise of annuals was never more happily sung. 

A joy of the book is its self-restraint in referring to seed catalogues, 
while the advice on color scheme is admirably simple, and made one 
want more of it. 

The chapter on "Flowers for Evening Perfume" was original, and 
makes one impatient to try the suggestions. 

The alphabetical list with descriptions is most helpful, while 
Part III, Chart of Color and Height, will prevent amateurs from fall- 
ing into many a pitfall. Clara Hadley Wait. 

Tree Wounds and Diseases, Their Prevention and Treatment, 
with a Special Chapter on Fruit Trees. By A. D. Webster. 
Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co. London: Williams and 
Norgate. Price, $2.50. 



I have just received for review this valuable book. The author 
claims that there is no other work dealing exclusively with tree wounds 
and diseases, though references are not wanting to ancient as well as 
modern works. 

This book has the most explicit directions for the care of all 
wounds, decay, fungus growths, blights, injurious influences, pruning, 
spraying, feeding and preserving trees. 

Each species is intelligently and separately dealt with and the 
illustrations give a clear idea, to those who have never seen such work 
done, just how the tree looks "before and after." 

Pictures of the Wilberforce Oak and Burnham Beeches show the 
extreme age of some of the trees successfully preserved for years of 
further beauty and use. 

In this connection, let me suggest that you borrow a copy of John 
Evelyn's "Sylva, " 1695, and read how ancient forestry compares 
with that of to-day. The "Sylva" covers much the same ground as 
"Tree Wounds and Diseases" without modern science, yet the vitality 
and enthusiasm of the elder forester equals the virility of the modern. 

Elizabeth P. Frazier, 
Garden Club of Philadelphia. • 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society Library 

It has long been known that the Library of the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society is one of the finest of its kind in the world. Up- 
wards of forty years have elapsed since a catalogue of it was last pub- 
lished, but a new one has been in preparation for some time past. 
The President's inaugural speech, reported in Part I. of the So- 
ciety's Transactions for the current year, states that the total 
number of volumes now in the library comprises 25,000; truly a 
remarkable collection. The next in importance is probably the 
Library of the National Horticultural Society of France, which com- 
prises about 15,000 volumes, of which there is an excellent classified 
catalogue. 

Asiatic Campanula Seeds 

Mrs. Verplanck's plan to sell seeds of her Asiatic Campanula for 
the benefit of The Arnold Arboretum has been most successful. She 
has already disposed of $23.00 worth and the money has been forward- 
ed to the Arboretum. 

The following letter comes to her from Professor Sargent who re- 
joices in each new friend that the Arboretum makes. 



"I am very much touched and gratified by your letter and by all 
the trouble you have taken for the Arboretum. You may be sure I 
appreciate it and am grateful for your help. I wish there were more 
people in the country as intelligently interested in the work the 
Arboretum is trying to accomplish. 

"Do you ever come to Boston? If you do I hope you will let me 
know and give me the pleasure of showing you the establishment you 
have so generously helped." 

More seeds are available at twenty-five cents a packet. They 
may be planted at any time. Those sown in March would probably 
germinate about mid-summer, so send an order at once to 

Mrs. W. E. Verplanck, 
ii2 Mercer Street, Princeton, N. J. 

Garden Planning Competition 

For those who intend to submit a plan in the Annual Competition, 
an exhibition of Garden Models by Miss Mary Rutherford Jay should 
be of great interest. This exhibition will be held, from March ist to 
March ioth at 101 Park Avenue, New York. 

Received too Late for Publication 
in the January Bulletin 

Officers of the Green Spring Valley Garden Club: 

President: Mrs. John McHenry, Owing Mills, Maryland. 
Secretary: Mrs. Charles G. Fitzgerald, Garrison P. O., Bal- 
timore Ct., Maryland. 
Bulletin Committee Member: Mrs. R. E. Lee Marshall, 
Albion Hotel, Baltimore, and Garrison P. 0., Baltimore 
Ct., Maryland. 

Corrections 

The Editor's attention has been called to the following errors 
which occur in the lists published in the January Bulletin: 

For Miss Ernestine E. Goodman, read Miss Ernestine A. Goodman. 

For Mrs. Bernhard Hoffman, read Mrs. Bernhard Hoffmann. 

For Mrs. Arnold Hagen, read Mrs. Arnold Hague. 

For Mrs. Morris Rutherford, read Mrs. Morris Rutherfurd. 

For Hartford County, Md., read Harford County, Md. 

If other mistakes have been discovered please notify The Bulle- 
tin that they may be corrected as soon as possible. 



Apologies are also due for the shape of the January Bulletin. 
For this mistake, however, the Editor disclaims all responsibility. 
The entire issue was "trimmed" to the wrong dimensions and mailed 
before the fact was discovered. 

The following correction has also been received: 
For 
Bright, Miss Anna L. "English Gardens and Others." (Illus- 

Bryn Mawr, Pa. trated by her own photographs in 

projector.) 
read 
Mrs. & Miss Bright . Gardens of England and the Riviera. 

Bryn Mawr, Pa. Colored Lantern Slides. 

Back Numbers of The Bulletin 

Many requests reach the Editor for old copies of The Bulletin 
and for extra copies of the current issue. All back numbers can be 
supplied except Nos. 10 and 14. All other issues are available for 
ten cents ($0.10) each. For convenience, payment may be made in 
stamps. 

Garden Records 

The Garden Records adopted at the ANNUAL MEETING may 
be had from the Editor at the following prices: 

Mr. Clarke's Plant and Seed Record, per 100. . . .$1 .50 
Mrs. Hibbard's 3 Year Garden Record, per 100. . 1 . 50 
Binders containing 50 of each 3 . 50 

Loose Leap Binders 

Binder with 100 filler sheets $2 . 40 

Index 60 

Extra filler sheets 60 

The Bulletin can still supply a very few of these but as the price 
is constantly increasing, the sale of Binders will be abandoned when 
the present supply is exhausted. 



Order Your Roses from 

Cromwell Gardens Handbook 

for 1917 
READY IN FEBRUARY 
A. N. PIERSON, Inc. 

Cromwell Gardens Cromwell, Conn. 


GARDEN CLUB STATIONERY 

ENGRAVED AND PRINTED 

on green granite paper especially made 

to order for the use of the members of 

The Garden Clubs ofAmerica 

send for samples and prices 

McIntire & Company 1™,!°"™! 

lOll CHESTNUT ST., PHILADELPHIA a PRINTERS 


" Suggestions for Effective Planting" 

tells what trees are best adapted for each garden 
and landscape purpose. To read it is like discuss- 
ing with an experienced gardener what your place 
needs. The book is free. Send your request to 

ANDORRA NURSERIES 

Wm. Warner Harper. Proprietor 
Box 200— CHESTNUT HII.L PHILADELPHIA, PA. 


CHESTER JAY HUNT 

MAYFAIR LITTLE FALLS, N. J. 

Spring-flowering bulbs, including many exclu- 
sive offerings in Tulips and Daffodils. 

The Blue Book of Bulbs will be sent you on 
request. 


TSUGA CAROLINIANA from the high Carolina 

Mountains, the most beautiful Hemlock known. 

RHODODENDRON CAROUNIANUM, the new 

dear pink species. 

Rare American Plants and Specimen Evergreens. 

Rock, Water and Wild Gardens designed and 

executed. 

HARLAN P. KELSEY, Landscape Architect 

SALEM, MASS. Catalogs 

Owner, Highlands Nursery in North Carolina, Boxford 

Nursery in Massachusets 


Hardy, Scarlet Japanese Azalea 
AZALEA KAEMPFERI 

The most gorgeous of the Hardy Azaleas. Flower- 
ing Plants, $10.00 per doz., $75.00 per 100. 
Larger Plants, $20.00 per doz., $150.00 per 100. 

Catalogue of New and Rare Plants on Application 

R. & J. FARQUHAR & CO. 

6 South Market Street BOSTON. MASS. 


SWAIN NELSON & SONS CO. 

TREES, EVERGREENS, SHRUBS 
AND HARDY FLOWERS 

Estimates Furnished for Planting Grounds 

940 Marquette Building, Chicago 
PHONE CENTRAL 2770 Founded 1856 


GEORGE C WOOLSON 

SPECIALIST IN 

ALPINE, BOG AND HERBACEOUS 

PERENNIALS, BULBS AND 

RARE NATIVE PLANTS 

More than 3000 Species growing at 
HASTINGS-ON-HUDSON NEW YORK 



All advertisements endorsed by members of the 

Garden Club of America 

In writing to JJdvertisers kindly refer to the Bulletin 



For the largest and best selection of 

DAHLIAS, ROSES, HARDY PERENNIALS, 

also FLOWERS and VEGETABLE SEEDS, etc., 

consult 

Dreer's Garden Book for 1917 

A Copy Mailed FREE to All Applicant* 

HENRY A. DREER 
714-716 Chestnut Street Philadelphia, Pa. 

& ROSES 

GUARANTEED TO BLOOM 

Shrubs, Perennials in choicest kinds. 

GET OUR NEW FLORAL GUIDE 

The Conard & Jones Company 

WEST GROVE, PA. 

Dahlias, Cannas, Geraniums, Lan- 
tanas, Salvias, Petunias, Coleus, and 
other Bedding Plants. 

Catalogue Free 

R. VINCENT JR. & SONS CO. 

WHITE MARSH. MD. 




Builders of Greenhouses and Conservatories 



New York Boston 

42nd St. Bldg. Tremont Bldg. 

Chicago Rochester 

Rookery Bldg. Granite Bldg 
Toronto 
Royal Bank Bldg. 



Philadelphia 
Widener Bldg. 

Cleveland 
Swetland Bldg. 
Montreal 
Transportation Bldg. 



Farr's Hardy Plant Specialties 

PEONIES, IRISES, DELPHINIUMS 
Lemoine's new Lilacs, Philadelphus, Deutzias 
and other rare hardy shrubs and plants. 
Complete catalog beautifully illustrated with 
color plates mailed on request. 

BERTRAND H. FARR 

WYOMISSING NURSERIES CO. 

|118 GARFIELD AVE. WYOMISSING, PA. 

BUDDLEYA YUNNANENSIS 

This is in our opinion the best new Buddleya in- 
Toduced this year and a truly remarkable novelty. 
We are very fortunate in being able to offer a limited 
umber at One Dollar per plant. 

You will find it described in the new edition of our 
-leather Home Seed and Plant Book. 

KNIGHT & STRUCK COMPANY 
t60 FIFTH AVENUE NEW YORK CITY 



^/(fu&h^ 




Vb^X 



Out of Moon's 500 varieties of Trees and Plants 
you will find no more enjoyment than in Bush 
Arbutus (Abelia Rupestris). Dainty pinkish- 
white flowers cover this graceful, half-evergreen 
shrub from August till frost. 

For planting south of New York, 1 34 to 13^ foot plants 
$1.50, or ten for $12.50; $110.00 for 100. Send for Cat- 
alogue A-9. 

THE WM. H. MOON COMPANY. Nurserymen 
MORRISV1LLE. PA. 

GARDEN TOOLS of the BETTER SORT 
— a specialty of flower and garden baskets. 
We will be pleased to send our pamphlet on request 

LEWIS & CONGER 

5fiijrtf JFurmaljpra 
45th St. and 6th Ave. NEW YORK CITY 
' '// pays to buy the best 

CEND for the most sumptuous seed catalog printed, with 
*~^ listings of the finest varieties of tested seeds. Their pedi- 
grees are flawless. Catalogs sent postpaid for 35c, which is 
refunded on orders of $5 or over. 



WXtj^HJtii 



READING 
gjtQ ENGLAND 

WINTER. SON & CO.. 64-A Wall St.. New York 
Sole agents for the United States, East of Rocky Mountains 

SIMPLEX WEATHERPROOF LABELS 

Are permanent, neat and inexpensive. Used on roses, 
shrubs, trees and seed rows. Easily marked and writing may 
be erased when desired. Plant' labeb with wires: No. 1 , size 
3£x3 inches, 25c doz.. $2.00 per 100. No. 2. size %x4 
inches, 50c a doz., $4.00 
pel 1 00 postpaid. Also gar- 
den labels on stakes. 

STEWART & CO. 

3 Cortlandt NEW 

Street YORK 

LEWIS & VALENTINE COMPANY 

Big Tree Moving — Road Building — Old Boxwood 
Main Office— ROSLYN. N. Y. 
Westchester County Boston 

East Rockaway Philadelphia & Wilmington 

New York Washington 

We have tree moving machines located in most large cities 
ready to serve you. We have published an album snowing 
photographs of some of the finest estates in this country, 
where large tree moving work has been done. We will 
gladly' supply this to the Garden Club members. 




All advertisements endorsed by members of the GARDEN CLUB OF AMERICA 
In writing to Jldoertisers kindly refer to the Bulletin 



CONCRETE BIRD BOXES 

With Removable Lids 

Highly Recommended by Audubon Societies 

$1.50 EACH 6 FOR $7.50 

HANGING CONCRETE SUN DIAL 

Very Artistic and Unique. $12.00. 

The Bird Box, West Chester, Pa. 

Send for Catalogue. Express Extra 

WATER YOUR GARDEN 
THE SKINNER SYSTEM WAY 

One of our Portable Lines will water your garden 
uniformly and thoroughly. Fine mist-like spray. 
Method is simple, practical and inexpensive. 

Send for our Portable Q K INNER 



Line Booklet 

THE SKINNER 

240 Water Street 



STEM 

IRRIGATION CO. 

TROY, OHIO 




GARDEN FURNITURE 

and Garden Ornaments of beauty 
and distinction. Our catalog show- 
ing many designs sent on request. 

NORTH SHORE FERNERIES 

BEVERLY, MASS. 

ROCK AND WALL PLANTS 

As we specialize in Rock and Wall Plants 
and Old-fashioned Flowers we can offer 
both variety and quality at these attrac- 
tive prices — your selection of varieties. 

ROCK AND WALL PLANTS 
Twelve Plants ... $2.00 

Twenty-five Plants 3. 75 

Fifty Plants - 7.50 

(Postage prepaid.) With our descriptive catalogue. 

PALISADES NURSERIES, Inc. 
R. W. CLUCAS. Mgr. SPARKJLL. N. Y. 

We can make your grounds more beautiful. Peonies 

that are the choicest in the entire world. Selected 

Iris, Phlox, and Hardy Garden Perennials. 

Large Specimen Evergreens and Shade Trees. 

Ornamental Shrubs in excellent variety. 

When in want of anything extra nice write to us. 

CHERRY HILL NURSERIES 

(T. C. Thurlow's Sons, Inc.) 
WEST NEWBURY, MASS. 



Our Greenhouse Catalog lists a wide 
variety of orchids, palms and other green- 
house plants. The Nursery Catalog de- 
scribes the old fashioned hardy flowers, 
shrubs, evergreens, etc. 

Send for a copy. 

Tutiuy T^gekrS* Go 

^ Box 34 Ruth.rTord NJ. 

Begonias, Delphinium 
Cyclamen, etc. 

Awarded 45 Gold Medals 

Write for Free Illustrated Catalogue 

BLACKMORE & LANGDON 

BATH, ENGLAND 

Hardy Ferns and Flowers 

For Dark, Shady Places 
I have specialized for 34 years in native ferns, 
woodland plants, orchids and shrubs. 

Send for my 80-page Illustrated Catalogue 

EDWARD GILLETT 
27 Main Street Southwick, Mass. 

FRAGRANT WATER-LILIES 

can be grown in every garden if you follow the 
simple instruction in Trick\er' s 1 9 1 7 Catalogue, 
which gives culture, varieties and descriptions. 

Write Today for a Copy 
WILLIAM TRICKER, Water-Lily Specialist 
Box Z ARUNGTON, NEW JERSEY 

SCHEEPERS' BULBS 

ARE THE ACME OF EXCELLENCE 

Please be specific when wririna for Catalogues; we have 
separate booklets on Winter flowering Begonias (for which 
we received a gold medal) ; Summer flowering Begonias; 
Lilies; Iris; and a General Bulbbook soon ready. 

JOHN SCHEEPERS & CO.. Inc. 

The Bulb Specialists 
No. 2 STONE STREET NEW YORK 

PLANS AND PLANTS FOR 
GROUNDS AND GARDENS 

A forty - eight page booklet containing actual working 
diagrams and lists for lawns, entrances, groups, borders and 
gardens. Brimful of suggestions, descriptions, and illustra- 
tions. PRICE, 25c per copy. 

THOMAS MEEHAN & SONS 

Nurserymen and 6704 Chew Street 

Landscape Gardeners Germantown, PhiJa., Pa. 



All advertisements endorsed by members of the GARDEN CLUB OF AMERICA 
In writing to Advertisers kindly refer to the Bulletin 



Bulletin of 

Zhe <$arfcen Club 

of Hmerica 

May, 1917 No. XX 

President - Vice-Presidents 
MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN 

Chestnut Hill. Philadelphia MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 

Treasurer 34 E. 36TH Street, New York and 

MRS. H. D. AUCHINCLOSS Princeton, New Jersey 

33 E. 6 7 th Street New York and MRS. BENJAMIN FAIRCHILD 

Newport, R. I. 247 FlFTH AvENUE> Nfw Yo rk and 

vrr.c BiviDn'urvDV NeW MlLFORD, New YORK 

MRS. BAYARD HENRY .,„„ rB ...„ K VTV r* 

Germantown, Philadelphia MKb - 'KAiSLib kijnl. 

, ., . Alma, Michigan 

Librarian 
MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN MRS. JOHN E. NEWELL 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia West Mentor, Ohio 

Editor 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

1320 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, and Lake Forest, Illinois 

The objects of this association shall be: to stimulate the knowledge and love of gardening among 
amateurs; to share the advantages of association, through conference and correspondence in this 
country and abroad; to aid in the protection of native plants and birds; and to encourage civic planting. 



Gather this harvest that I have sown, as in the past I myself have filled 

again the furrows my father plowed. 
O joyful work of the farmer, for which the sun is as bright as our glisten- 
ing ox, and the rain is our banker, and God works with us every day, 

making of everything the best! 
Others look to men for their rewards, but we receive ours straight from 

heaven itself, 
A hundred for one, the full ear for a seed, and the tree for a nut. 
For such is the justice of God to us, and the measure with which He repays 

us. 
The earth cleaves to the sky, the body to the spirit, all things that He 

has created are in communion, all have need of one another. 
Take the handles of the plow in my stead, that the earth ma}' bring forth 

bread as God himself has wished. 
Give food to all creatures, men and animals, to spirits and bodies, and 

to immortal souls. . . ." 

Paul Clatjdel. 
Translation by Louise Morgan Sill. 




THE GEEATER NEED. 

Floba (to Ceres). " ENTER. AND TAKE MY PLACE. THIS IS YOUE YEAR." 

— From London Punch 



An Announcement 

America is at war and The Garden Club of America must as- 
sume what responsibility its name implies. Our duties cannot be set 
aside but our pleasures can. 

With this in mind, your Executive Committee has decided to 
abandon the Fifth Annual Meeting which was to have been held with 
the Garden Club of Illinois on June 26, 27, and 28, 1917. 

It is with keen disappointment and real regret that this announce- 
ment is made but in these troublous times there is much new work to be 
done. This cannot be undertaken at the expense of established ac- 
tivities. Therefore women everywhere must sacrifice their leisure, 
amusements and luxuries. 

This is our sacrifice and those who have attended the Annual 
Meetings know how great a sacrifice it is, not only of enjoyment but of 
inspiration and advancement. 

Probably a business meeting will be called later to be held in New 
York and to discuss plans for the coming year. 

For the time, it only remains to thank the Garden Club of Illinois 
for its proffered hospitality and to express sincere regret that a pleasure 
so long anticipated must be further postponed. 

Elizabeth P. Martin, 
President. 

At a meeting of the Council of Presidents in New York on March 
1 6th, rumors of mobilization were heard. Ours is a peaceful craft 
but a useful one and when war comes a task of real importance and a 
service of true patriotism confronts us. 

In these days we do not beat our plowshares into swords, but be- 
hind the army of fighting men is the great army of tillers of the soil 
whose service to the nation is scarcely less important. 

This spring England is planting her lawns and borders with food 
crops; France is training her children for service in the fields. The 
world cannot afford another lean year. In America, we cannot afford 
to wait until we have been three years at war before beginning a great 
conservation movement. We must and can do it now. We have the 
land, we have the money, we are given credit for the energy. We 
must prove that we have the brains, ability and perseverance. 

One question considered in the Council of Presidents was: "What 
part should the Garden Club oe America take to reduce the high 
cost of living and what method can the Member Clubs suggest?" 
The last few weeks have changed the significance and bearing of that 



question and now we must ask what part the Garden Club should 
take in insuring not only moderate prices, but the production of 
enough food at any price. 

The first move toward this desired end is universal thrift and 
elimination of waste. Unwise and extreme economy, suddenly prac- 
ticed, is too drastic a measure for a nation of spendthrifts. We must 
not lose our sense of proportion because at long last we have decided 
to shoulder our responsibilities. Rather we must be moderate in our 
frugalities as well as in our expenditures. 

The president of one of our great packing houses suggests two 
meatless days a week; the governor of a mid- western state recommends 
a conference of the governors of the grain states with a view to in- 
creasing crops; the President says: "Our allies are in the field and we 
should help them in every way to be effective there." 

All these point to one duty: the production of enough food stuffs 
not only for our own needs but for the needs of our fellow-democracies. 

The Garden Club is made up of thirty-four efficient organizations, 
operating in communities where influence and activity count most. 
So far, as individuals, we have given more time to flowers than to 
vegetables, but the time has come to reverse our interests. We can- 
not let our flowers go but we can use them as our pleasure and relaxa- 
tion after a day more practicaUy spent. 

Each Club has its own particular problem to face. Some are near 
large cities with little ground around the houses, others in the country 
surrounded by idle fields. For those who cannot farm there is organ- 
ization work to be done, allotment schemes to be started, back- 
yard gardening to be encouraged. Several Clubs are already 
planning canneries where surplus vegetables may be used and 
methods taught. Towns can do this work even better than country 
communities because in these days almost every village has a Do- 
mestic Science Department in one of its schools with a properly 
equipped kitchen. If there is only enough to carry each family 
through the winter we are serving the country by eliminating our 
own needs. 

Where larger tracts of land are available, much space should be 
given to potatoes and other root crops. A fairly good potato crop 
can be grown on newly turned ground. That seed potatoes are higher 
than ever before is the greater reason for planting them. They will 
be higher next year unless we do and, surely, if we can afford a garden 
we can afford to spend another ten dollars for a barrel of potatoes. 
Or even, we could omit a few frills in the way of geraniums and lily 
bulbs. 



Whatever the work each Club shall elect to do, it is certain that 
each must work earnestly and patriotically, with a clear plan, toward 
a definite end. In this issue of The Bulletin is an account of the 
activities of many already formed organizations and suggestions for 
other sorts of useful work. Our Country has a job for every one of us 
and that we belong to a Garden Club should mean that we are fitted 
to help in the great movement to provide food for ourselves and our 
allies. 

There are other more romantic deeds of war, there are war char- 
ities with more sentimental appeal, but three years of war have proved 
that we stand or fall by our food supply. 

At our fingers' ends is a way to help practically and satisfy the 
desire of our hearts to help patriotically. 

France Trains a New Army 

The following paragraphs have been translated and adapted from 
various French garden publications : 

The Minister of Agriculture of France has issued the following 
appeal to the youth of France: 

"France has need of your devotion, the land has need of your 
arms. 

"While the fields lie fallow, when women and old men have not 
the strength to cultivate the soil which their husbands and sons 
gloriously defend, it is for you, children of France, to reclaim these 
deserted fields and give to the earth the succor it so pressingly needs. 

"Let every school, public or private, organize for this work in the 
fields. Village by village, city by city, let crews of school boys and 
girls give willing and well-ordered service. 

"Form groups, unify, to the end that your services be not wasted, 
and that by co-ordinated effort you may draw from the generous earth 
all the benefits that are hers to give." 

In March a conference was held at the Ministry, and arrangements 
made for instruction to teachers and crew captains. 

• 
Military Gardens in 191 7 

The Minister of War of the French Republic has put at the dis- 
position of the Department of Agriculture under M. Ducrocq, 70 
professional horticulturists, many of them former pupils of the 
School of Versailles, who will direct the making of gardens around 



the concentration camps, and at the very border of the front. They 
will also lecture throughout France. 

M. Lucien Chaure, who has reached the military age limit, has 
offered his services to the Ministry of Agriculture. He has been 
given supervision of the 78 committees who are organizing vegetable 
gardens on uncultivated lands in the Municipalities of the Seine. 

In Paris, the fortifications have been divided into workingmen's 
gardens. Ten thousand allotments have been made, and there are 
demands for three times as many. 

In February a Conference of the Mayors of towns about Paris 
was held, and as a result committees have been appointed to secure 
the use of and distribute idle lands. 

Many municipalities are planting city lands with food crops, and 
parks and public gardens are being plowed for practical use. Last 
year, the city of Rennes harvested forty tons of potatoes, and this year 
the lawns and parterres of its famous Jardin publique du Thabor are 
to be planted with vegetables. 

The supervisors and teachers of the schools and colleges of Paris 
have organized "La Ligue pour le Retour a la Terre" which en- 
courages not only the care of small allotments, but also undertakes 
to furnish from among the school children of Paris, hand workers for 
agriculturists and farmers. 

The Ministry of Agriculture has also organized in Paris, under the 
direction of M. Lemaresquier, a special service of pupils' hand- work: 
Twenty-five hectares (about 60 acres) of the park at Bagatelle, and 
large tracts on the He des Puteaux have been given over to this 
organization. Every educational establishment has its square. 

Several schools of Horticulture and Agriculture for women have 
been opened in various parts of France, the first, L'Ecole de Brie- 
Comte Robert, Seine-et-Marne. There are others at Clamant and 
Bourg la Reine. Practical courses in fruit growing have begun on 
lands loaned by the Museum of Natural History. 

The Jardinieres de la Croix-Rouge are placing gardens at the 
disposition of discharged soldiers, as are other private organizations. 

Addresses of some of the larger organizations follow: 

Jardin-Ouvriers de Paris (founded by Abbe Lemire) rue de 
Varenne. 

Ligue du Coin de terre et du foyer. (A committee in each ar- 
rondissement). 

Jardinieres de la Croix-Rouge, Clignancourt, Paris. 

Ligue pour le retour a la Terre, 15 rue de la Ville-L'Eveque, Paris. 

L'Union pour l'Enseignement agricole et horticole feminin, 43 
rue Claude Bernard, Paris. 



M. Antoine Rivoire, the great seedsman of Lyons, France, realiz- 
ing the scarcity of hand labor after the war, has set on foot a project 
which could be well adapted to American conditions. 

A few miles from Lyons there is a huge establishment for de- 
linquent boys. A vegetable garden of 6 hectares (about 18 acres) 
has up to now been used merely for coarser vegetables, to supply the 
needs of the institution. The boys who work there have done so as a 
matter of routine, and have learned none of the principles or processes 
of gardening. Qn the other hand, the boys who work in the print or 
shoe shops emerge with a trade. 

M. Rivoire realized the unfairness and waste of this arrangement, 
and now the garden boys are working under a competent master (a 
mutile de la guerre), and two assistants, one of whom teaches vegetable 
growing, the other, the care of fruit trees. 

Many more varieties of vegetables are now grown and sold, for 
the boys must learn the management of all sorts of crops, besides 
producing enough of the coarser vegetables to supply the 300 inmates. 
So far no work has been done with flowers, but melons, endive, etc., 
are being forced. 

Instruction is given in such a way that, in spite of themselves, 
these boys are learning to be efficient gardeners and useful men. 

M. Rivoire has added the direction of this enterprise to his many 
other patriotic tasks. 

"Whatever are the other causes for the dearness of vegetables; 
existing circumstances; the need of the army; mercantilism above all, 
let us be persuaded of this : the remedy is in a multiplicity of private 
gardens, that is to say, in the expansion of vegetable culture, each 
family for itself." 

Georges Bellair, in Le Jardin. 

Advice from England 

The following paragraphs have been quoted and adapted from 
various English and French garden publications : 

The duty of the gardening world at the present critical time is 
clear. Mere obstructive criticism is useless. Every pound of food 
that can be produced will be wanted, and therefore it is every gar- 
dener's plain duty to look upon himself as an unofficial officer en- 
listed in the service of the Director- General of Food Production. 

Furthermore, gardeners and owners of gardens must face the 
present position. Without sacrificing plants of real value and variety 



— for such a sacrifice would be an irreparable blow to horticulture — 
they should make up their minds that for the present luxury garden- 
ing should be reduced to the lowest limits. There is no reason why 
easily-grown annuals should not continue to be grown, nor why Rose 
beds should not be allowed to remain, but energy devoted to the 
frequent tending of lawns and paths, the raising of conservatory and 
other decorative plants, the early forcing of luxury fruits, ought not 
to divert any gardener from the urgent duty of raising vegetable food. 

The quantity of such food raised in gardens and never accounted 
for in the market returns is enormous, and can undoubtedly be in- 
creased. If in every district the gardeners will become members of 
the Royal Horticultural Society's Panel of Patriotic Gardeners, or 
put their leisure time at the disposal of local organizations engaged 
in encouraging food production, they will be at once discharging a 
duty and rendering a real service to the State. 

Nor is it too much to hope that gardeners who can show that 
they are doing the maximum possible in the cultivation of food crops 
and in helping their neighbours as well, will be recognized authorita- 
tively as doing work of national importance. 

The World's Crops 

If any man needs evidence of the importance of cultivating as 
much food as possible, he will find it in the statistics of the world's 
crops. The Wheat crop of the United States is below the average 
and export will be reduced. The Argentine has produced little more 
than half its average crop. The yield from the Northern Hemi- 
sphere in neutral or allied countries, and in the Old and New Worlds, 
is about three-quarters of last year's crop, and somewhat under 
the average. Nor is the shortage of Wheat made good by increased 
supplies of other cereals. The Rye of the Northern Hemisphere is 
nearly 5 per cent less than in 191 5, Barley nearly 10 per cent less. 
The World's Oat crop is about 14 per cent less than last year, and 
Maize, so far as is yet known, has given a poor return. When it is 
remembered that armies are inevitably, and in spite of every pre- 
caution, extravagant food consumers, it will be evident that many 
people in the world will go hungry during this year, and that it is the 
duty of every man who has the use of ground to grow all the 
vegetable food he possibly can. 

Comparative Value of Vegetable Crops 

It may be stated with confidence that of all crops grown in gar- 
dens the Potato gives the largest return as measured in calories per 



unit of area. Next and almost equal to the Potato comes the Beet; 
well below these is the Jerusalem Artichoke ; and below the Artichoke 
the Parsnip and autumn Cabbage. Among the lowest are garden 
Peas. So that, when intensive cultivators are urged to grow Peas, 
they are being told to grow what, in fact, is a luxury crop. It is true 
that it contains per pound of dry weight far more protein than is con- 
tained in an equal weight of Potatoes, but when the relatively low 
yield of Peas is taken into consideration, the far greater value of the 
Potato becomes apparent. 

Whether Haricot Beans would be a profitable crop from this point 
of view we have not the data to determine. It is probable that it 
would; but in the meantime it is evident that the Potato should occupy 
in these times a large space in any scheme of cropping, and that gar- 
den Peas and Brussels Sprouts, which give a low yield per acre, should 
be grown only on a restricted scale. 

There are, of course, other factors to be taken into consideration 
in estimating the food values of vegetables. One of these is the rich- 
ness of vegetables in what are known as accessory food bodies — bodies 
the special function of which is to stimulate and regulate growth. 

The relative -values of different vegetables from this point of 
view have not been determined, but it is probable that the instinct 
which leads men to eat vegetables so relatively low in the scale of 
food values as Onions, Carrots, and Tomatoes indicates that these 
vegetables are rich in the essential accessory food substances. 

Much more might be done to economize in land by under-cropping 
in orchards with vegetables. It is better for the trees than luxuriant 
grass, and the cultivation and manuring of the vegetable crops tends 
to produce freedom of growth in the fruit trees. 

A part of the Royal Park at Richmond has been given over to the 
culture of cereals and forrage crops. The work is being done with 
automobile plows of which the greater part have been given by pri- 
vate individuals. In many parts of England these plows, equipped 
with acetylene lamps, are being used by night as well as by day. 

Experts have decided that most of the parks of London will not 
lend themselves to agriculture, but portions of Hyde Park and Regent's 
Park will be divided and used for allotment gardens. 

In all parts of England gardens are being cropped with the great- 
est care and economy and all unused lands are being divided into 
allotments. The time has come when the food supply means victory 
or defeat and a country that has always loved growing things knows 
how to marshal its experience, its knowledge and its resources to a 
glorious end. 



The Effect of the 

Somme Battles on the Soil 

of Picardy 

Sir William Matthews, in the course of a graphic account of the 
state of the ground in Picardy which has been recovered as the result 
of the Allies' offensive, makes the serious observation that the thin 
layer of marl which constitutes the surface soil of that district has in 
large measure disappeared as the result of artillery fire, mining and 
other operations of war. So churned up are the soil and subsoil that 
when once again leveled the surface will consist mainly of chalk. 

The cost of leveling and creating once again a fertile soil will be 
undoubtedly beyond the resources of peasant proprietors and farmers. 
Sir William suggests that the work of leveling might be undertaken 
by prisoners of war, and the cost reckoned as military outlay. French 
cultivators will be able, with such or similar assistance from the 
State, to restore their land to its previous state of fertility. Never- 
theless, it will be a slow process, for a natural soil is of slow growth, 
and to hasten the formation of a surface soil must prove inevitably a 
costly operation. We are not aware of the existence of any recorded 
experience of reclamation of this type. It is possible, that after level- 
ing and cultivating the ground, lime-loving plants may prove efficient 
agents of reclamation — or, rather, of soil reconstruction. Of one 
thing we may be sure : that if any people can discover a rapid way of 
rebuilding their devastated soil that people is the French. Of this 
also we may be certain : that if the British people can help in any way 
in this work that help will be forthcoming, and in no unstinted 
measure. 

The length of time that must elapse before these devastated lands 
are again fertile is variously estimated at from fifteen to a hundred 
years, small comfort, in either case, to the present generation. 

From somewhere there comes a rumor of a beautiful and fitting 
use of this battle-scarred strip of earth : that where the trenches have 
been a great forest be planted dedicated for all time to those who have 
died to give it back to France. This great burial place of the honored 
dead would stretch for miles through the midst of France, everywhere 
a glorious monument to heroism, patriotism and idealism. 

America Assumes Responsibility 

On March 16th, the Council of Presidents passed the following 
motion: That the Garden Club of America recommend to Mem- 
ber Clubs that the growing of vegetables, especially winter vegetables, 



be encouraged in every way; that the children of the towns and 
villages be stimulated to plant home gardens with vegetables instead 
of flowers, and that canning and storing of vegetables be urged as a 
means of reducing the cost of living and as a practical step toward 
preparedness in case of emergency. 

The emergency has come and all over the country organizations 
whose objects are outlined in this motion have sprung up and public 
interest is aroused to the importance of raising food stuffs as it never 
was before. 

Mrs. Martin, our President, and Mrs. Francis King, our Vice- 
president and President of the Women's Farm and Garden Associa- 
tion, have been made directors of the Bureau of Registration and 
Information of the National League for Women's Service. This 
organization is under the Department of Labor and will itself have a 
department of Agriculture which will furnish information to Garden 
Clubs in regard to planting, canning, and kindred industries. • 

Every Women's Club has a department for garden work, the great 
newspapers are organizing allotment schemes; universities, schools, 
golf clubs and individuals have plans for increasing the food supply of 
the country. 

Possibly it will be best for our Member Clubs to join with some 
national or local organization, rather than duplicate effort. Large 
cities have had City Garden, for many years and this year the number 
and output should be increased. Neighboring Garden Clubs might 
help them. Instructors will be needed everywhere and every Garden 
Club could furnish a few practical teachers from among its members. 
The difficulty will be to decide which of the many tasks to take up, 
and before starting new activities every Club should make a careful 
survey of those already started in its neighborhood. Co-operation 
is what will win out at this time rather than multitudinous and con- 
flicting organizations. 

It is with this in mind that The Bulletin has collected and 
arranged the following newspaper clippings ; accounts of organizations 
already started, opinions of experts and suggestions for useful work. 
We must all work but we must work usefully. We must make our- 
selves a part of the nation's resources and forget that we are individuals 
We must supply a link in the chain, always remembering that the 
chain is as strong as its weakest link. 



The President's Appeal 

"Let me suggest also that every one who creates or cultivates a 
garden helps, and helps greatly, to solve the problem of the feeding of 
the nations and that every housewife who practices strict economy 
puts herself in the ranks of those who serve the nation. This is the 
time for America to correct her unpardonable fault of wastefulness 
and extravagance. Let every man and every woman assume the 
duty of careful, provident use and expenditure as a public duty, as a 
dictate of patriotism which no one can now expect ever to be excused 
or forgiven for ignoring." 



Short crops, short commons, over much of the world. Millions 
of men speeding the gun and not the plow. We all know that, and 
here at home fume at the size of our provender bills. It is in the 
power, it is the imperative duty, of everybody who owns or rents a bit 
of cultivable land to "cultivate his garden" with especial industry 
this year, to raise what produce he can. 

Even if, as the undiscouraged commuting tillers and amateurs 
profess, not always in earnest, to believe, their garden plot beans, 
peas, potatoes, onions, lettuce, cucumbers, celery, tomatoes, and what 
not, cost them more than the greengrocer would charge for them, a 
theory now improbable, their self-supply reduces the demand and the 
accumulative effort and effect of millions of small producers will result 
in a great combined crop and keep prices down. Nothing bought 
tastes half so good as the fruit of your own elbow grease and skill 
in Adam's trade. 

This country is rich in women who have much time to themselves 
and have to kill it, some in paying for tea and cakes by hstening to 
papers on every subject under heaven at women's clubs, some by 
losing and neglecting God's sunlight at intempestive afternoon games 
of bridge, some by frittering away time on charitable and war relief 
concerns and occasions, whose purposes are sufficiently served with- 
out them; and so the rosary of idle women might be strung for many a 
bead. 

Votes for women? Food for men, women, and children is a little 
more pressing, and woman suffrage, prosperous and hopeful, can take 
a rest. If the inferior and fading sex may dare to make a request of 
the invincible, won't the women's clubs of every name and kind raise 
"garden sass" multitudinously this year? 

New York Times. 



"We hear on every hand of the necessity of mobilizing our industries, 
but we hear nothing of the mobilizing of our forces of food production. 
The European war is teaching us that in modern warfare mobiliza- 
tion of food supplies is the indispensable condition of success. 

"It is safe to say that our food supplies could be doubled with ade- 
quate labor. Means must be devised promptly to insure the largest 
possible production and it must be recognized that the boy or man 
who puts all his energies to the increased supply of food is as truly a 
soldier of the republic as he who fights in the ranks. 

"We must, if need be, draw upon the youth of the cities who are 
under military age to keep the farms running to their fullest capacity. 
It may be reserved for the Mississippi Valley to make the decisive 
stand against the dangers rushing upon us from the blackness all 
around. I suggest that the governors of the food-producing states 
of the Mississippi Valley confer for the consideration of this great 
question." 

Governor Lowden of Illinois. 

"If immediate and radical steps are not taken to increase and con- 
serve the food supply of the United States, this country will find itself 
next fall and winter in as bad a state, so far as food is concerned, as 
any of the warring nations of Europe. 

"Now we have entered the war. Our first duty, as I see it, is to 
make certain that both our own people and our allies have an abundant 
food supply. 

"With full recognition of the fact that we are facing the most critical 
days in our national history, I say that the question of food supply is 
the most pressing and important before us. From a purely war stand- 
point, even, food preparedness seems to me quite as important and 
more pressing than military preparedness. 

"If we start at once — this week — we still have time to vastly 
increase our food production not only for the coming fall and winter 
but for the years which come after, and which may be even more 
critical." 

Mr. J. Ogden Armour, 
President of Armour & Co. 

The plan to gain an hour of daylight by setting forward the clocks, 
has received excellent support from the Boston Chamber of Commerce. 
In an interesting report the chamber calls attention to the fact that 
since May i, 1916, England, Germany, France, Austria, Italy, 
Holland, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Portugal have adopted the 
scheme. 






Although it thus comes to the United States with the stamp of 
European approval, it was first suggested by so distinguished an 
American as Benjamin Franklin. In 1784 Franklin awoke at 

4 o'clock one morning in Paris. Pleased at the appearance of the day 
at that hour, the philosopher wondered why mankind had acquired 
the habit of wasting so many good hours of sunlight. In his thrifty 
manner he calculated that Paris alone could save 820,000,000 annually 
in candles if the clocks and the sun could be made to agree. 

To the advantages suggested by that original American others 
have been added by later observers. The greater opportunity for 
recreation, the lessened eye-strain, the smaller industrial risks due to 
work in natural light; sounder sleep; greater happiness, more efficiency 
and widespread economies — these are some of the benefits recorded. 
Xothing effective can be done, however, until Congress is induced to 
act. 

Chicago Herald. 

More Potatoes 

In countries where more than hah of the world's crop of potatoes 
is produced the yield was greatly reduced last year. This year our 
farmers will increase their potato acreage. Probably there will be 
acreage gain; throughout the country. A greater yield this year will 
not so affect prices as to make them unprofitable, and the demand, 
both foreign and domestic, will not be checked. 

What the Lehigh Valley Railroad Company is doing for the potato 
crop is an example that deserves to be followed by other railroads. 
The Lehigh will have on its lines a "potato special/' composed of 
cars in which the latest method; of treating seed, the benefits of spray- 
ing, and all that the potato grower should know will be shown. In 
this potato campaign the company's officers will be assisted by ex- 
perts from Cornell and other universities, with the co-operation of 
county farmers' associations in Western Xew York and Central 
Pennsylvania. Much useful work of the same kind has been done in 
the past by railroad companies in the Northwest. 

The movement to till unused portions of golf finks to increase the 
country's food supplies reached national proportions witb the an- 
nounced approval of the plan by the United States Gob a;;ociation. 
The idea was started by the Dunwoodie Country club. Yonkers, X. Y. 
It is proposed to use the profits from golf links agriculture for purposes 
of national defense. 



Mobilization for Food Production 

As Proposed by the University of Illinois 

Prepared by the Faculty of the A gricullural College and the 

Department of Economics — (Abridged.) 

This plan is based upon the following facts: 

i. The present production of food in the United States is not 

increasing in proportion to the increase in population. 

2. In going to war the production of food is our strongest asset. 

3. The experience of all time indicates that every nation in going 
to war puts men into active military service without regard to the 
disturbance of basic industrial conditions, even the production of the 
food of the people. 

4. Indiscriminate enlistment from the farms with no plan for 
labor replacement is certain to reduce food production below the level 
of positive need. 

5. If an adequate food supply is to be assured, the military plan 
must include an enlistment for food production as definite as for ser- 
vice at the front. From the first the department of war should as 
rigorously protect the food production as it does any other means 
of national defense. 

6. America has land enough, if it is properly handled, to feed 
both herself and western Europe. 

7. For years labor has been deserting the land and building up 
conditions of employment that the farmer cannot meet, for it is im- 
possible to conduct a farm upon the eight hour plan and according to 
union rules. 

Any plan to be safe, must not only make good the enlistment 
from the country, but must actually add to the present labor supply of 
the farmer. 

Method of Procedure 

Register every farm operator, whether owner, tenant, or manager, 
together with the number of acres of tillable land, pasture, and tim- 
ber; the number of men he usually employs, and the number of men 
he would need to employ in order to insure maximum crops. 

Enlist in the civil-military service and under military pay the 
following classes: 

1. Men of military age or older, of good health, but either per- 
manently or temporarily unfit for war service at the front. 

2. Boys from 14 to 18 years of age, whether from the country 
or from the city. 

Establish at convenient points on land rented by the government 
and suitable for intensive farming, military camps where the enlisted 



men not otherwise employed may be gathered and housed, such 
farms to be devoted to the raising of crops requiring a maximum 
amount of hand labor. 

Erect at these centers facilities for drying and canning such food 
products for preservation and for transportation. 

The largest asset for food production is the thousands of farms 
already organized under the management of experienced farmers. 

Here should go the maximum of the enlisted men, and the camps 
should be ready at all times to furnish lists of available help, it being 
understood that men under employment by the farmer are on fur- 
lough and off government pay. 

Enlisted men not employed on private farms should be at the camp 
farms under military discipline, but under agricultural leadership; 
such men to devote their first attention to the production of food under 
the direction of an agricultural leader, chosen in each case for his 
ability in the particular kind of farming followed at this special camp. 

The plan of farming should be such as to afford time for regular 
military drill for those of military age and below, in order to afford 
preparation for such as are going to the front as soon as their age 
limitations or physical disabilities are removed. 

Enlistment for civil-military service should not only be considered 
as a patriotic service, but it should be made attractive through formal 
recognition, as by uniforms, by use of special organizations, ranks and 
degrees of efficiency, even promotion and commissions. Especially 
is this true for the younger men and boys. 

Course of Lectures at the New York Botanical Garden 

The New York Botanical Garden, in co-operation with the Inter- 
national Children's School Farm League, began in April a series of 
courses in gardening: a Simple Home Garden Course for those de- 
siring to conduct their own gardens and a Training Course for Teach- 
ers for School Gardens. 

These courses consist of lectures and practical work, and during 
the winter Greenhouse courses will be organized. 

The great gardens of the Bronx offer an unparallel laboratory for 
such work. 

All correspondence relative to these courses should be addressed 
to: 

Henry Griscom Parsons, 

Supervisor of Gardening Instruction, 
Mansion, New York Botanical Garden, 
Bronx Park. 



On May 5th a lecture on the two courses will be given by Mr. 
Parsons, and on June 2nd, one by Mr. Carl Bannwart on "Vacant 
Lot Gardening." This is part of the regular free Spring Lecture 
course delivered in the Lecture Hall of the Museum Building of the 
Garden, Saturday afternoons at four o'clock. 

The Women's Club of the Bronx is borrowing vacant lots, clean- 
ing them up and installing vegetable gardens for the children and 
grown people of the Settlements and Neighborhood Guilds. 

National Emergency Food Garden Commission 

210-220 Maryland Building 

Washington, D. C. 

Mr. Charles Lathrop Pack, President of The American Forestry 
Association, is originator of a movement to stimulate the interest in 
planting small food gardens all over the United States. 

As a first step a pamphlet has been published called "The Food 
Primer" which gives necessary instruction in simplest form. 

"The Food Garden," it says, "not only makes the individual 
family largely independent, but it takes away from the railroads a 
transportation labor that is needed for the movement of war supplies ; 
and equally important, it allows the general farmer to devote more 
land to growing breadstuff s." 

Thus sensibly and simply, it goes on to explain how, when, what, 
and where to plant. No smallest step is overlooked, emphasizing 
always the necessity of "keeping the garden everlastingly at it." 
It includes, also, a planting table and plan for a model back-yard 
garden. It does not forget to give comparative dates for different 
climates. 

The work of the Commission which is affiliated with the Conser- 
vation Department of the American Forestry Association, and is 
directed by its secretary, Mr. P. S. Ridsdale, is outlined in the follow- 
ing paragraphs : 

"In Washington there are various official agencies seeking to 
stimulate the cultivation of home gardens this year with the view of 
relieving some of the demand for rural produce. The Department of 
Agriculture is making the movement its chief spring endeavor, while 
the Bureau of Education is urging the cultivation of gardens by grad- 
ed school children. 

"The National Emergency Food Garden Commission at once 
found its place in this work. It takes the scientific lore of the official 
departments and retails it in simple, practical form to the prospective 



home gardeners through the medium of the daily press, which is 
eagerly co-operating to make the campaign a success. The official 
bureaus, too, warmly welcomed the newcomer, realizing their own 
limitations in the matter of practical publicity. 

"The plan adopted by the Commission is first to create garden 
volunteers by making the dwellers in cities and towns realize the 
danger in the food situation this year, and then to give these volun- 
teers daily instruction in gardening from the sprouting of seeds in 
hot beds to the harvesting of the ripe crops. 

"The ambition of the Commission to create 1,000,000 new gard- 
eners is conservative. 

The Food Primer will be sent on application to the address given 
above. 

Topics for Discussions 

At the Meeting of the Council of Presidents, held in New York 
on March 16, 191 7, the following questions were presented for 
discussion. Interesting and suggestive answers were given to many 
of them, but since the Garden Club must do its share toward con- 
servation and preparedness, answers to those questions having a 
merely local interest are omitted that more space may be given to 
larger issues. 

1. What part should the Garden Club of America take to 
reduce the high cost of living and what methods can the Member 
Clubs suggest? 

2. In what way can a Garden Club improve civic conditions 
in its town or village? 

3. Can the growing of Medicinal Herbs be encouraged and thereby 
prevent increase in the cost of drugs? 

4. Can the Garden Club of America stimulate the increased 
activity in the preservation of wild flowers, the protection of evergreens, 
laurel, etc.? 

5. How can the destruction of trees by the telephone and tele- 
graphs wires be prevented? 

6. In what way can the Clubs encourage their members to 
improve their gardens? 

7. Would it be possible to standardize the prices paid to Garden 
Club Lecturers? 

8. How do the Clubs get the best Professional Judges for Flower 
Shows and what is the customary charge for such service? 

9. Is it desirable to keep a Garden Club restricted in numbers 
so that there is always a waiting list? 



This entire issue of The Bulletin is an effort to answer more or 
less effectually Question i. Many of the Clubs have already started 
their patriotic work, others have put the matter in the hands of a 
committee and all are making plans for the summer campaign. 

The Bedford Garden Club will have a cannery, the Ulster Garden 
Club will raise funds by a spring Flower Market to provide a garden 
teacher for the school children of the neighborhood; the Garden 
Club of Philadelphia will help Boy and Girl Scouts and other children 
to grow vegetables and instead of holding their usual Thursday 
meetings will devote that day to the work planned. Business meet- 
ings will be held twice amonth in the gardens of members and refresh- 
ments will be limited to tea and cakes. 

These are excellent examples and indicative of what may be ex- 
pected from other Member Clubs. 

One suggestion made at the Council of Presidents was that school 
Domestic Science Kitchens might be used for canneries. In this 
connection the following Agricultural Department Bulletins are 
of the greatest value: Farmers' Bulletin No. 359 on Canning Vege- 
tables in the Home, and No. 203 on Canned Fruits, Preserves and 
Jellies. 

Another good suggestion was that at all local shows hitherto de- 
voted to flowers, prizes for vegetables be offered, thus encouraging 
gardeners to specialize in that direction, rather than to give all 
their energy and time to flowers. 

There follows Mr. Fairchild's comprehensive but brief report, in 
answer to Question 3, and Mrs. Farrand's suggestions for coping with 
Question 4, to which is added a short report of the work being done 
by the Native Wild Flower Preservation Committee. 

Report of the Committee on the Cultivation of 
Medicinal Plants 

Question 3 

Your Committee has given much attention and consideration to 
this subject since last June. 

The very conditions which brought this subject to the attention of 
the members of the Garden Club have resulted in a considerable 
volume of current literature and data of much interest and importance. 

Your Committee would say that it considers that its province in- 
volves not merely technical details of the cultivation of some suitable 
plants, but a broad and comprehensive survey of this subject in all 
its bearings and as to the work which the Garden Club may profitably 
undertake. 



So far, the investigation all tends to confirm the impression of the 
Chairman of this Committee that at present the cultivation of medicinal 
plants can scarcely be successfully undertaken or greatly increased 
by the amateur gardener. This is a reflection, too, of the opinion on 
this subject which one sees editorially expressed in trade journals. 

We have also to contend with the fact of the cost and scarcity of 
labor. 

We will not here go into the many facts bearing on this — the 
changes which plants undergo under cultivation, the diseases which 
they acquire under these new and artificial conditions. There is a 
hopeful and gratifying status, however, to report — that the exigencies 
are well understood by those professionally and commercially interest- 
ed. The cultivation of medicinal plants is being taken up by labora- 
tories, particularly those situated in the country, and pharmaceutical 
colleges and institutions have already established experimental gar- 
dens, etc., and there are many interesting reports. The College of 
Pharmacy of Columbia University is proposing to found an experi- 
mental drug farm. 

It is well perhaps to mention some of the plants particularly 
well adapted for growing, such as digitalis, stramonium, rhubarb, 
ricinus, delphinium, capsicum, the herbs, such as thyme, lavender and 
the mints. Belladonna comes naturally to mind, but its cultivation 
is by no means simple. 

With even these weU known plants, there are many technical 
difficulties to be encountered, involving special knowledge as to the 
period of growth at which the plant gives its best yield, method of 
treatment, etc. 

The hydrastis canadensis (golden seal) and ginseng have been 
much exploited as promising commercial possibilities, but with these, 
in untrained hands, there is disappointment ; the preparation of the 
ground and the care involve considerable expense. 

In short, the Chairman believes that through professional and 
trade interest the situation is far from discouraging and in fact may 
ultimately prove a blessing in disguise — insuring an increasing indus- 
try and future for the purveying of medicinal plants in our own coun- 
try. Benjamin T. Fairchild. 

Wild Flower Protection 
Question 4 

The protection of native plants can be brought about in the follow- 
ing ways: 



i. Teach the nature study teachers to protect and not collect 
the native plants. 

2. Educational talks to school children. 

3. Co-operate with an existing society if adequately organized, 
or create a special department for Garden Club work. 

4. Endeavor by example to discourage the use of Christmas 
greens for decoration, and so reduce the demand for them. 

5. Endeavor to secure the co-operation of the florists by appearing 
before their meetings and asking their help. 

6. Employ legislation when the sentiment of the country is 
aroused. 

At its Annual Meeting in New York in August the Society of 
American Florists will be glad to confer on this subject, with a Com- 
mittee from the Garden Club. Such a conference should have 
excellent and far-reaching results. 

Beatrix Farrand. 

Report 

The Committee on the Preservation of Native Wild Flowers asks 
the help of all the Garden Clubs in carrying on its work. 

In our native flora we have a rich posssession capable of yielding a 
harvest of joy. Let us conserve it for ourselves and for those who 
follow us. 

Everywhere we see careless destruction of natural beauty. Towns 
spread without forethought or plan over open spaces which later 
are wished for in vain. Farmers fail to realize that beauty is an asset 
with a money value. Motor parties pass through the spring loveliness 
and leave behind them a desolation. Well meaning people uproot 
wild flowers, destroy next year's seeds, all unconscious of the havoc 
they have wrought. Already many favorite species must be protected 
or become extinct. 

What is to be done? The Committee submits the following 
suggestions : 

1. Posters. A variety of these may be had free of charge, to 
be put up in hotels, teahouses, railroad stations, summer resorts and 
so on, as well as for use by private owners for the protection of their 
land. If everyone would take these posters along when touring they 
might be widely distributed at little cost or trouble. 

2. Wild Flower Reserves. It is desirable that tracts of land be 
secured as sanctuaries for wild flowers. These may be large parks, 
or small portions of waste land which owners would be willing to 
turn over to the care of a Committee. If the latter, the owner might 



agree to fence the bit of woodland or meadow, which should be at- 
tractive and a natural home of the less common wild flowers. Such 
a spot if well chosen would soon become a paradise for nature lovers. 

Should larger tracts be available, so much the better. The 
Chicago Chapter of the Wild Flower Preservation Society of America 
with the co-operation of the Garden Club of Illinois has leased a 
permanent reserve for the native plants of the southern Lake Michigan 
region. In this "The Chapter will safeguard the species naturally 
growing there; bring in all those species that have previously been lost 
to the area; and allow all persons to visit and enjoy the wild flowers 
as long as they refrain from picking them. The tract includes natur- 
ally forested land, a deep wooded gulch through which runs a winding 
stream, high timbered banks and a large and characteristic shifting 
sand dune." 

This idea if once successfully started is sure to spread, and whether 
on a large or a small scale will do more than any other one thing to 
secure the preservation of rare and rapidly vanishing species. 

3. Schools. All school children should be interested in this 
movement, by means of talks, pictures, illustrated lectures, pledges, 
and so on. They should be shown why it is necessary to leave blos- 
soms for seed, and about not cutting several years' growth from blos- 
soming shrubs nor pulling things up by the roots. Most children are 
readily responsive to such suggestion. This work is most important, 
especially near towns and cities. 

4. Publicity. Newspapers, magazines and weeklies are ready 
to publish popular articles. Much good material is available for the 
purpose. In this connection let us push the crusade suggested by Mrs. 
Gage in the November Bulletin, to discourage the use of laurel as a 
decoration for next Christmas as well as throughout the year by florists 
and fruiterers. Every effort should be made to find and advertise an 
acceptable artificial substitute. A similar crusade is needed against 
the sale of spring wild flowers and branches of blossoming trees and 
shrubs. 

5. Legislation. It is probable that the sale of laurel, ground- 
pine and ferns, and of arbutus and certain other flowers can be con- 
trolled only through legislation. Several states have such laws al- 
ready on their statute books. The Garden Clubs in Connecticut 
have introduced a bill requiring all shipments of laurel to bear a tag 
certifying the permission of the owner of the land where it was gathered. 

6. Co-operation is essential to the success of a nation-wide 
movement such as ours should be. We need to enlist all possible 
helpers, Granges, Civic Leagues, Women's Clubs, Boy Scouts, 






Automobile Associations, etc. We should work with the Wild Flower 
Preservation Society of America,* and any local scientific societies. 

Further information, posters and literature may be had through 
the Committee. Delia West Marble, Chairman. 

Bedford, New York. 

* Headquarters: New York Botanical Garden. 

Mrs. Edward B. Renwick 

. President of the Short Hills Garden Club. 

Among beautiful modern poems one called "Earth-bound" by 
Alfred Noyes stands preeminent. 

The soul which had so loved home and beauty steals back from 
the "terrible star-strewn infinite" and comes "under the cloudy 
lilac at the gate — through the walled garden" and into "some four- 
walled home with heart elate." 

If this could be true of any human soul, it would certainly be 
fulfilled by Mrs. E. B. Renwick, late and only president since its 
inception — of the Short Hills Garden Club. 

From the first premonition of spring to the last frost of October 
she rejoiced exceedingly in the unfolding beauty of this old world. 
Conceiving beauty of form and color in her mind, she carried it out 
in landscape or minute detail with such success, that walking through 
her garden was to walk towards one picture after another. 

To a garden lover this might seem achievement, but to enjoy alone 
was for her not enough. Of herself and of her time and of her garden 
she gave freely, enjoying most what she could share. 

With the object in view of enlarging garden knowledge, Mrs. 
Renwick, about nine years ago, founded one of the first Garden Clubs 
in this part of the country called "The Nine of Spades." This name 
embodied one of Mrs. Renwick's strong principles, that no gardener 
should be counted worthy the name who would not on hands and 
knees come to close grips with Mother Earth. 

Mrs. Renwick encouraged also mutual help, interchange of plants 
and seeds as well as ideas, and desired that the Club should prove of 
equal value to the owner of the little plot as to her of the spacious 
acres. Haunted for years' by the grim spectre which stalks those who 
must never relax physical care lest the bowl of life be suddenly broken, 
Mrs. Renwick steadfastly faced her life with its deprivations and its 
limitations without murmuring. 

When she could not go to the Spring, which she specially loved, 
she smiled her deep gratitude at those who brought her tokens of it; 



and when unable to look upon the glorious midsummer of her garden, 
she still smiled when its radiance was described to her. So, glad 
and patient, she passed to fields of asphodel. 
Yet: 

"Is it so strange 
If, even in Heaven they yearn 
For the May-time 
And the dreams it used to give?" 

An Endowment Fund 
for the Arnold Arboretum 

An effort is being made to raise an endowment fund for the 
Arnold Arboretum sufficiently large to insure its independence and 
enable it to carry on, in connection with its regular experimental 
work, further scientific research, and also, to continue its successful 
foreign expeditions hitherto largely dependent upon private sub- 
scriptions. The regular routine work of the Arboretum requires 
about $50,000 a year, $20,000 of which is received from invested funds, 
so each year these private subscriptions must meet a deficit of $30,000. 

So far almost $275,000 has been given toward the proposed en- 
dowment. This sum comes largely from Boston but it is obvious 
that the Arboretum has become far too important to rely on local aid 
and that to raise a sufficient amount subscriptions must be secured from 
horticulturists throughout the country. 

The purpose of the Arboretum is to increase the knowledge of 
trees and shrubs. To this end a collection of living plants has been 
made, especially arranged for study and comparison, important in- 
vestigations have been undertaken in its laboratories, and explorations 
made with a view to introducing into American gardens, plants hither- 
to unknown to cultivation. 

This last is an important branch of the Arboretum's work. It has 
made available for our gardens many hundred trees and shrubs 
previously unknown to cultivators. It has introduced from Japan 
Azalea Kaempferi and Azalea Japonica, most beautiful of Asiatic 
azaleas, and many other trees and shrubs there discovered by its 
agents. From Western China it has brought more than a thousand 
trees and shrubs new to cultivation. Among these are seventy-five 
species of new rhododendrons, many conifers, new lilacs and roses of 
great garden promise, as well as the buddleias, and the beautiful 
Chinese lilies, Lilium Regale and Lilium Sargentii. The last ex- 
pedition to Japan brought back a complete set of all varieties of flower- 
ing cherry trees and the Arboretum now grows and propagates them 



successfully. This is one of its greatest contributions to American 
gardens, for it is believed that these cherries, more than any other 
plant of recent introduction, will beautify our spring gardens and be- 
come a feature of popular interest here as they have been for centuries 
in Japan. 

These expeditions are being continued, and Mr. E.H.Wilson, who 
has so successfully explored the mountainous forests of Western China, 
has now carried his work into Korea. 

If these important activities are to go on and the Aboretum to con- 
tinue its valuable educational work, a much larger sum will be needed. 
It is hoped that The Garden Club oe America will, through its 
individual members, give generously to the support of so great a 
national institution. Any sum, however small, will be acceptable. 
Many have given largely but the interest that goes with smaller 
contributions is eagerly sought. HENRy S. Hunnewell 

87 Milk Street, Boston, Mass. 

(All contributions should be sent direct to Mr. Hunnewell). 

To all members of the Garden Club of America who have a 
serious interest in the present and future of horticulture in this coun- 
try, the above announcement and request will not, cannot, be made 
in vain. Here is a tract of land of exceeding natural beauty, planned, 
planted, enlarged and tended with superb intelligence and scientific 
knowledge, growing with each year not only in botanical value but 
in rich and mellowed beauty, in loveliness of woodland picture, in tree 
and shrub-grouping of noblest character. The Arnold Arboretum 
is vital to American horticulture for many reasons but to me, most of 
all, because here in full perfection, grown with full knowledge, are the 
new and rare plants, shrubs and trees which may, eventually become 
a common property and a common delight. 

I am convinced that no finer object than this offers itself for aid 
to the American horticultural public today. Many new and vitally 
important uses for money have developed under the stress of war, 
but these should not prevent us from seeing the present and actual 
need for preserving and sustaining such a public possession as the 
Arboretum. It is unique. It is known the world over. It is re- 
nowned for its advanced scientific achievements in horticulture. 

It is in the firm belief that all members of the Garden Club who 
are able should give and give generously in response to Mr. Hunne- 
well's note, that I write these words. The Arboretum as an object 
for our consideration lies peculiarly within the province of our in- 
terests, and I would beg that liberal response be made to this appeal. 
(Mrs. Francis King) Louisa Y. King. 



List of Subscribers 
to the Arnold Arboretum 



Previously subscribed by Mr 

and Mrs. Bayard Thayer 
Mrs. Bayard Thayer . 
Henry S. Hunnewell . 
Walter Hunnewell . 
F. Lothrop Ames . 
John S. Ames . 
Mrs. Louis A. Frothingham 
Mrs. R. D. Evans 
N. T. Kidder . . . 
Mrs. Jacob C. Rogers 
George A. Peabody 
Mrs. Winthrop Sargent 
Frank G. Webster 
John E. Thayer 
Charles S. Sargent Jr 
William A. Gaston 
Ernest B. Dane 
Alexander Cochrane . 
Mrs. George Agassiz . 
W. P. Wharton . . 
Mrs. H. A. Lamb . . 
Shepherd Brooks . 
Miss Ellen S. Bacon . 
Mrs. L. Carteret Fenno 
A. Shuman 
Henry H. Richardson 
X. H. Stone 
William Endicott . 
David Kimball 



Walter C. Baylies 

S2o,ooo Galen Stone 

10,000 Francis E. Peabody 

20,000 Mrs. W. Seward Webb 

20,000 Augustus Hemenway 

20,000 Mrs. Bayard Cutting 

20,000 Mrs. Henry S. Grew . 

20,000 George von L. Meyer 

10,000 Mrs. W. Scott Fitz 

1,000 Mrs. Charles G. Weld 

3,000 F. S. Moseley . 

1,000 Mr. and Mrs. Henry Horn 
25,000 blower .... 

10,000 Clarence H. Mackay . 

10,000 Mrs. R. D. Sears . 

2,000 Miss H. M. Edwards 

1,000 Mrs. Arthur W. Blake 

20,000 Miss Susan Minns 

2,000 Mrs. Harold I. Pratt . 

5,000 Miss Georgiana Sargent 

2,000 H. A. and H. F. Du Pont 

1,000 Mrs. Arthur Curtis James 

2,000 Mrs. Walter S. Brewster 

2,000 Dr. George Kennedy . 

1,250 Miss Helen O. Brice . 

2,000 Dudley L. Pickman . 

200 Richard M. Saltonstall 

1,000 Mrs. Charles Curtis . 

1,000 Mrs. Robert S. Russell 

1,000 



10,000 
10,000 
1,000 
5,000 
5,000 
1,000 
500 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 

2,500 

500 

1,000 

250 

2,000 

1,000 

500 

1,000 

5,000 

500 

250 

300 

1,000 

2,500 

5,000 

100 

100 



Book Reviews 

City Residential Land Development; Studies in Planning. 
Published by the City Club of Chicago, edited by Alfred B. 
Yeomans, Landscape Architect. 

In a taU and rather sumptuous volume of 137 pages with many 
plates in color and in black and white, are set forth the results of a 
"competition for the procuring of a Scheme of Development for a 
quarter section of land within the limits of the City of Chicago, 
Illinois." A typical area in the outskirts of the city was selected to 
be planned as a residence district and the competition thrown open 
by the City Club to "building and landscape architects, engineers 
and sociologists." In this book appear some thirty of the plans 
submitted with explanatory text by their designers. 

A generous and far-sighted idea this, of the City Club of Chicago. 
The result is a book valuable to all people in rapidly growing com- 
munities. Town-planning in miniature might serve as a sub-title. 
Delightfully readable reviews of the plans, written by experts, com- 



plete the volume, which is well begun by a bibliography on the sub- 
ject of Housing and Town-planning. Such a publication is of high 
value to a Society such as ours because of the true necessity for a 
better understanding among amateur gardeners of the larger setting 
for their gardens, the principles of design as applied to the towns 
and cities which these gardens do or may adorn. 

Mrs. Frances King. Louisa Y. King. 



The Gardenette or City Back Yard Gardening by the Sand- 
wich System. Benjamin S. Albaugh. Stewart & Kidd Co., 
Cincinnati. Price $1.25. 

Particularly appropriate to this number of the Bulletin is this 
new edition of "The Gardenette, or City Back Yard Gardening by 
the Sandwich System." As the author explains, by the "sandwich 
system," the garden can be made in any city back lot, however 
stony and poor — on a roof, or even a cement side walk or yard, and 
by it, a space of ground of say 18 x 45 feet can be made to supply all 
the vegetables needed for the table of five or six persons during the 
summer. 

A Sandwich Garden is made of stable Utter, fine manure and 
street sweepings, specially prepared and, as explained, the cost seems 
slight. 

As the author assumes that the reader is without practical knowl- 
edge of gardening, every detail of the work necessary to become a 
successful " gardenetter " is carefully given, so that this book ought also 
to be a most valuable guide to school children who may be interested 
in making money out of their vacation gardens. 

It tells, too, how to test seeds, how to force plants by "incubators" 
and "boosters," and the best method to protect, transplant and water 
them. It gives the amount of seed for given spaces, the best fertilizers 
to use and the correct way of applying them. Also the method by 
which celery and endive can be blanched and how to grow mushrooms 
and rhubarb in winter in a warm cellar. 

The easy prevention of plant diseases and the destroying of para- 
sites are clearly given ; a special article on how to grow strawberries 
by this "sandwich" gardening, and melons and cucumbers by the 
"Post Hole" system is of interest. 

The latter part of the book is given up to the cultivation of garden 
and wild flowers. 

With the "Gardenette" as guide, the owners of a city back yard, 
or roof, may feel, with great advantage to their pockets and health, that 



they are "doing their bit" to combat the shortage of food supply, 
so much the topic of the times. 

Mrs. George Higginson, Jr. Emily W. Higginson. 

Garden Club Day at 
the New York Botanical Gardens 

Through the courtesy of the President and Officers of the New 
York Botanical Gardens, a Field Day has been arranged for 
Thursday, May ioth. 

This is to be a special Garden Club Day and it is hoped that all 
members in or near New York will avail themselves of so excellent an 
opportunity to know more intimately this interesting and beautiful 
Botanical Garden and to meet Professor and Mrs. Britton. 

A May day thus spent, with other garden enthusiasts, should 
prove an inspiration to us all. 

Program 
Thursday, May 10, igij 

Motor-cars will proceed first to the Flower Gardens at the Main 
Conservatory Range. The guide car will carry a Garden flag. The 
time until 12 130 will be spent in viewing the Tulip and Lilac Gardens, 
and walking to Pinetum Plaza near by. 

The motor-cars will leave Pinetum Plaza at 12:35 an d proceed by 
way of the Long Bridge to the Collection of Japanese Cherries given 
by Florence Lydig Sturgis. 

Leaving the Cherry Collection at 1 o'clock, the next stop will be 
at the Mansion, the home of the new Garden School, where a light 
buffet lunch will be served at 1 115, for which $.75 each will be charged. 
An account of the new Garden School in co-operation with the In- 
ternational Children's School Farm League will be given in the new 
Lecture Room. 

Paintings, showing buildings and other structures planned for 
the future development of the New York Botanical Garden, and of 
those wild flowers which need protection, will be exhibited. 

After lunch a trip will be made to view the new Rose Garden, 
now being planted a short distance south of the Mansion, in co- 
operation with the Horticultural Society of New York. A stop will 
also be made to view the planting of the Convention Garden for the 
Societv of American Florists and Ornamental Horticulturists. 



Time Table and Directions for Reaching Botanical Gardens : 

All members coming by motor-car or by train are requested 
to assemble at Botanical Garden Station Plaza near 200th Street, 
Bronx Park, at 12 o'clock, when the 11:35 tram from the Grand Cen- 
tral Terminal, Harlem Division, arrives. The time by motor-car 
from 59th Street by way of Central Bridge is about forty-five minutes. 

A train returning to the City leaves Botanical Garden Station at 
3:42. Return may also be made by the Third Avenue Elevated Rail- 
way every five minutes. 

Members will please accept to Mrs. W. Gilman Thompson, New 
York Botanical Gardens, Bronx Park, New York, and state whether 
they will come by motor-car or by train. This is essential. 

Flower Shows of the Early Summer 

Boston, Mass. — The Massachusetts Horticultural Society is 
to hold a great out-door show next June, on the grounds of the Went- 
worth Institute. Theseare3^2 acres in extent. There will be large ex- 
hibits of Rhododendrons and Azaleas from Professor C. S. Sargent 
and Walter Hunnewell. R. & J. Farquhar & Co., are to build a rock 
garden and Thomas Roland is going to make and plant a Rose garden. 
A large pond is being prepared, so that there will be an adequate dis- 
play of aquatic plants. 

Annual Exhibit of the American Sweet Pea Society, at Horti- 
cultural Hall, under the auspices of the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society, July 7 and 8, 1917. Other Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society exhibits: June 23 and 24, Rose, Peony and Strawberry; Aug. 
n and 12, Gladiolus and Phlox; Sept. 1 and 2, Children's Gardens; 
Sept. 8 and 9, Dahlia and Fruit; Oct. 1, Fruit. 

Pittsburgh, Pa. — Flower Show under the auspices of the Garden 
Club of Allegheny County, June 13, 14, 15, 16 

Hartford, Conn. — Rose Show by the American Rose Society, 
Elizabeth Park, June 18-20. 

Newport, R. I. — Show of Out-door Roses by the American 
Rose Society, July 4. 

Philadelphia, Pa. — Exhibit of the American Peony Society, 
June. 

On March 16, 1917, the Garden Club of Washington, Conn., 
was elected to membership in The Garden Club of America. 
President — Miss Rossiter 
Secretary — Miss Dorothy Abbott 



Notes 

The Sweepstakes prize, offered by Mrs. Martin for the most 
artistically arranged exhibition at the International Flower Show in 
New York, March 16-23, was awarded to Mrs. A. N. Booth, Great 
Neck, Long Island. Mrs. Booth's exhibition was a charming group 
of plants arranged as a tiny garden enclosed by a clematis entwined 
fence. Daffodils and yellow Azaleas gave the chief color note, but 
all of the pale colored spring flowers added beauty and variety to the 
design. White and rose-colored Japanese cherries formed the back- 
ground. The judges, Mrs. Marquand, Mrs. MacMurray and Mrs. 
Pepper showed taste and discrimination in their award. 

The Annual Meeting and Conference of the Woman's Farm and 
Garden Association was held in Washington D. C. on April 25, 
26 and 27. Mrs. Francis King was re-elected President. 

In the July issue of the Bulletin, Miss Ethel Bagg will tell of 
the work planned by the Royal Horticultural Society for reconstruc- 
tion in the regions devastated by the war. Miss Bagg's plea is for a 
purpose which we, as gardeners, should have much at heart. 

The American Civic Association will hold its next Convention in 
St. Louis, October 22-24, I 9 I 7- It is hoped that all other organiza- 
tions working for civic betterment will be represented, including the 
Garden Club. 

The Department of Floriculture of Cornell University has pub- 
lished three authoritative Bulletins on the Gladiolus. These are the 
result of a thorough study of this flower and tell of its history, evolu- 
tion and cultural methods, as well as giving an exhaustive list of its 
varieties. These Bulletins will be sent to Garden Club members 
on application to Prof. Alvin C. Beal, Dept. of Floriculture, Cornell 
University, Ithaca, N. Y. 

At the last Council of Presidents, Mrs. Farrand outlined a plan 
for comparative study of plants which the Garden Club could profit- 
ably adopt. Through its use, valuable and hitherto unavailable data 
could be gathered and systematized. In these busy days, however, it 
is felt that members will have little time for such work, so the plan will 
be presented in some future issue of The Bulletin. 



CHESTER JAY HUNT 

MAYFAIR LITTLE FALLS, N. J. 

Spring-flowering bulbs, including many exclu- 
sive offerings in Tulips and Daffodils. 

The Blue Book of Bulbs will be sent you on 
request. 


Plants and Bulbs 

FOR SPRING PLANTING 

Lists now ready. General Catalogue of the cream of 
Dutch Bulbs and Choicest Perennials for Autumn to follow 
later. May we send them? 

FRANKEN BROTHERS 

Box 513 Deerfield, Illinois 


WILD PLA NTS 


BULB BARGAINS 

Save 20 per cent on Darwin Tulips 


Native Plant. Last year we collected over 1,125,000, mostly 
Perennials. Can refer to many satisfied customers among 
Garden Club members. 

Specialties: Trilliums, Mertensia, Cypripediums, Ferns, 
Lilies and Phlox. 

New free list will be ready in May. Orders should come 
early in time to collect. 

Also general line of Nursery Grown stock. 

HOPEDALE NURSERIES - Hopedale, Illinois 


Narcissus, Hyacinths and other Dutch bulbs. Place your 
order before July 1st and thus secure, at wholesale prices, 
the very best bulbs obtainable in Holland. 
Complete list, conditions of sale, etc., in superb catalog. 
Write today and a copy will be reserved and sent to you 
in June. 

S. G. HARRIS, Box 6, Tarrytown, N. Y. 


Galloway Pottery 

Completes the Garden's Charm 

Send for catalogue of Artistic Flower Pots, Jars, 
Vases, Bird Baths, Sun-dials, Benches and other 
beautiful pieces. 

Galloway Terra Cotta Company 

3236 Walnut Street Philadelphia 


p ARDEN TOOLS of the BETTER SORT 
V_l — a specialty of flower and garden baskets. 
We will be pleased to send our pamphlet on request 

LEWIS & CONGER 

Stum* 3Tunti0ijMr0 

45th St. and 6th Ave. NEW YORK CITY 

"7/ pays to buy the best" 


CONCRETE BIRD BOXES 

With Removable Lids 

Highly Recommended by Audubon Societies 

$1.50 EACH 6 FOR $7.50 

HANGING CONCRETE SUN DIAL 

Very Artistic and Unique. $12.00. 

The Bird Box, West Chester, Pa. 

Send for Catalogue. Express Extra 


WATER YOUR GARDEN 
THE SKINNER SYSTEM WAY 

One of our Portable Lines will water your garden 
uniformly and thoroughly. Fine mist-like spray. 
Method is simple, practical and inexpensive. 

Send for oar Portable Q K INNER 
I :„„ FUr.IfU, CVYSTEM 

THE SKINNER IRRIGATION CO. 

240 Water Street TROY. OHIO 


Woodmont Quality 

Trees, Evergreens, Shrubs, Vines, Roses, Herbace- 
ous Plants, Bulbs, Etc. 

THE ELM CITY NURSERY CO. 

Woodmont Nurseries, Inc. ^^. 

ft New Haven Connecticut 9k 


Flower and Vegetable Garden, Shrub- 
bery Beds or Entire Grounds Planned 

Special attention given to color and 

succession of bloom. 

Lecture, "Everybody's Garden: A Plea for 

Roadside Planting." 

Write for particulars 

CLARA M. BOLTZ 

328 Pelharn Road Germantown, Philadelphia, Pa. 


HAVE A ROCK GARDEN 

The garden enthusiast knows the beauty and 
satisfaction of having rare and choice flowers. 
We specialize on Aubretia, Bellflowers, Rock 
Pinks, Primroses and Violas, as well as Delphi- 
niums, Hollyhocks, etc., in all of the choice and 
unusual varieties. 

Write for Catalog 

WOLCOTT NURSERIES. Jackson, Michigan 


C. G. van Tubergen, Jr., HSffi-d 

Grower of Choice Bulbs 

E. J. KRUG, Sole Agent 
112 Broad Street New York 

Bulbs imported direct from Holland for customers. 
No supply kept here. Catalogue quoting prices 
in Nurseries in Haarlem — free on application. 



All advertisements endorsed by members of the GARDEN CLUB OF AMERICA 
In writing to Advertisers kindly refer to the Bulletin 



Scheeper's TULIPS 

awarded THE GOLD MEDAL by the 

Horticultural Society of New York. 

Our Bulb Booklet will be sent on request. 

Club orders enjoy discount if received 

before June 15 th. 

2 STONE ST. NEW YORK CITY 

Lowthrope School of Landscape 
Architecture for Women 

Groton, Massachusetts 



Catalogues on application. Choice Rock 
Plants and Perennials from the nursery 
for sale. 

ASTER "CLIMAX" 

A grand new Michaelmas Daisy 

Forms shapely, branching plants covered in October with 
large, graceful spikes of clear lavender-blue flowers, each 
two inches in diameter. The finest fall flower of its color. 
Each, 50c; dozen, $5.00. 

VAUGHAN'S SEED STORE 
Chicago Catalogue Free New York 



LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE 

Summer Course - - June 25 -August "4 

Special summer courses for owners of private estates, students 
in professional schools and all interested in gardening and city 
planning. Instruction by Ralph R. Root, Charles Mulford 
Robinson, N. P. Hollister. Ideal location on grounds of Lake 
Forest College, near Chicago. Two excellent arboreta used for 
plant study. Opportunity to study private estates, gardens and 
public grounds. Three weeks' course in City Planning. 
Correspondence invited. Descriptive circular free. 

Address, LAKE FOREST COLLEGE, 
Lake Forest, Illinois 

'C/je School of Horticulture 

for WOMEN - Ambler, Pennsylvania 

Offers three SHORT COURSES in Practical Horticulture for 
Amateurs. The Course includes Flower Gardening, Fruit 
Growing, Vegetable Gardening, Bee-keeping, Canning and 
Preserving. Spring Course, May 15 to June 16; Summer 
Course, June 19 to July 21 ; Fall Course, Sept. 11 to Nov. 17. 
Tuition Spring and Summer Course - $30.00 

Tuition Fall Course 50.00 

For further particulars address 

ELIZABETH LEIGHTON LEE, Director 




SIMPLEX WEATHERPROOF LABELS 

Are permanent, neat and inexpensive. Used on roset, 
shrubs, trees and seed rows. Easily marked and writing may 
be erased when desired. Plant labels with wires: No. 1 , size 
Hx3 inches, 25c doz.. $2.00 per 100. No. 2, size %x4 
inches, 50c a doz., $4.00 
pel 100 postpaid. Also gar- 
den labels on stakes. 

STEWART & CO. 

3 Cortlandt NEW 

Street YORK 

Frances Benjamin Johnston 

Specialist in 
Gardens and Color Photography 

announces her new lecture, Jlmerican Qardens in Color. 
Bookings six months in advance. Dates may be made for 
late June in Chicago and vicinity. 

Address, 536 Fifth Avenue, New York City 



Covent Garden, 
London 



BARR & SONS, 

Perennial Seeds 

A few new and choice varieties may be imme- 
diately obtained from 
CHESTER JAY HUNT - Little Falls, N. }. 
A list of those already in this country 
will be sent on application 

"Saoe the Dunes" 

The Dunes Pageant Association 

Announces for production May 30 and June 3, 1917, 
an Historical Pageant and Masque in the Sand 
Dunes of Indiana, on the Shores of Lake Michigan. 
The Pageant will be performed in a wonderful natural 
amphitheatre on the shores of Lake Michigan in the long 
shadows of the afternoon. A poetic masque will be given 
in the early evening among the wooded dunes. 
Train schedules, hours of performances and other details 
will be announced in the Press. 

Dahlias, Cannas, Geraniums, Lan- 
tanas, Salvias, Petunias, Coleus, and 
other Bedding Plants. 

Catalogue Free 

R. VINCENT JR. & SONS CO. 
WHITE MARSH, MD. 



Because of shipping conditions, members are urged to place all orders 
very early this year. Delivery of late orders may be uncertain. 



All Advertisements endorsed by members of the GARDEN CLUB OF AMERICA 
In Writing to Advertisers kindly refer to the Bulletin 



Bulletin of 



Zhc (Sarfcen Club 



of Hmertca 



July, 1917 



No. XXI 



President 
MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia 
Treasurer 
MRS. H. D. AUCHINCLOSS 

33 E. 67TH Street, New York and 
Newport, R. I. 
Secretary 
MRS. BAYARD HENRY 

Germantown, Philadelphia 
Librarian 
MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia 



Vice-Presidents 

MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 
34 E. 36TH Street, New York and 
Princeton, New Jersey 
MRS. WILLIAM CABELL BRUCE 
8 Mt. Vernon Pl., Baltimore, Md. 
and Ruxton, Md. 
MRS. FRANCIS KING 

Alma, Michigan 
MRS. JOHN E. NEWELL 

West Mentor, Ohio 



Editor 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

iaao Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, and Lake Forest, Illinois 



The objects of this association shall be: to stimulate the knowledge and love of gardening among 
amateurs; to share the advantages of association, through conference and correspondence in this 
country and abroad; to aid in the protection of native plants and birds; and to encourage civic planting. 



Magpies in Picardy 



The magpies in Picardy 

Are more than I can tell. 
They flicker down the dusty roads 

And cast a magic spell 
On the men who march through Picardy 

Through Picardy to hell. 

(The blackbird flies with panic, 

The swallow goes like light, 
The finches move like ladies, 

The owl floats by at night; 
But the great and flashing magpie 

He flies as artists might.) 

A magpie in Picardy 

Told me secret things — 
Of the music of white feathers, 

And the sunlight that sings 
And dances in deep shadows — 

He told me with his wings. 



(The hawk is cruel and rigid, 
He watches from a height; 

The rook is slow and somber, 
The robin loves to fight; 

But the great and flashing magpie 
He flies as lovers might.) 

He told me that in Picardy. 

An age ago or more, 
While all his fathers still were eggs, 

These dusty highways bore 
Brown singing soldiers, marching out 

Through Picardy to war. 

He said that still through haos 
Works out the ancient plan, 

And two things have altered not 
Since first the world began — 

The beauty of the wild green earth 
And the bravery of man. 



(For the sparrow flies unthinking 

And quarrels in his flight. 
The heron trails his legs behind, 

The lark goes out of sight; 
But the great and flashing magpie 

He flies as poets might.) 

By a Soldier, "Somewhere in France. 



At its Fifth Annual Meeting, the Garden Club finds itself with 
important work to do. We hope and expect to meet the emergency. 
Our four years of affiliation have been fruitful years. Without this 
relationship we might have gardened wisely and well, but with a less 
keen sense of responsibility, a less ardent desire to do ourselves credit. 
Certainly we should have learned less and been less fitted for the work 
to come. For if the Garden Club has done nothing else, it has fos- 
tered and enormously increased the great wave of garden-interest that 
has swept America during the past few years. We of the Garden 
Club who have talked gardens and thought gardens and worked in 
gardens have helped to fit the American people to meet the agricul- 
tural and horticultural problems which now confront them. Our 
enthusiasm was given to the less practical issues, but we have learned 
and taught the art of gardening and the war finds us with tilled fields 
and ready minds. Fewer flowers may grow in those fields and our 
minds be crowded with less beautiful things, but the belief that we 
have helped to arouse America horticulturally and agriculturally is 
one that we may cherish truthfully and proudly. 



Fifth Annual Meeting of 

The Garden Club of America 

Held at the Cosmopolitan Club, New York 

Wednesday, June 13, 1917 

The President, Mrs. J. Willis Martin of Philadelphia, called the 
meeting to order at 10:30 and opened the meeting with the reading of 
an ode by William Cullen Bryant: 

Ode for an Agricultural Celebration 
The proud throne shall crumble, 

The diadem shall wane, 
The tribes of earth shall humble 

The pride of those who reign; 
And War shall lay his pomp away; — 

The fame that heroes cherish, 
The glory earned in deadly fray 

Shall fade, decay and perish. 
Honor waits, o'er all the earth, 

Through endless generations, 
The art that calls her harvest forth, 

And feeds tti expectant nations. 



Mrs. Martin welcomed the Members and said: "The fact that so 
many are present at this business meeting of the Garden Club of 
America shows that the members of the Club realize the serious part 
that Garden Clubs of this Country will have in the production and 
conservation of food for the Nation. 

" We had all looked forward with pleasure to holding this annual 
meeting in Lake Forest — those of us who have had the privilege of 
seeing some of these enchanting gardens, know how beautiful they are 
and what you are missing to-day. May it be only a joy postponed 
to another year when the war clouds are lifted, and we can enjoy 
to the uttermost the gracious hospitality of the members of the 
Garden Club of Illinois who have already asked us to be their guests 
at the next Annual Meeting. 

"May I beg of you, as I did at the meeting of the Council of Presi- 
dents in March, before War was declared, not to give up your gardens. 
Many of us are working for our Allies along various lines and the 
burden is very heavy. Let us find in our gardens rest, peace and in- 
spiration. This year we may not build large walls or buy expensive 
plants, but do not grow only vegetables, keep up the beauty of your 
gardens if only in simple annuals — not only for yourselves but for 
all who may be able to share them with you. Work in your gardens 
on Saturday, rest in them on Sunday, and you will be better fitted on 
Monday for the service you are giving to your country." 

There were present at the meeting all the Executive Committee, 
with the exception of one Vice-President and the Editor — 45 dele- 
gates from 25 member clubs, and three Consultants — Mrs. Farrand, 
Miss Lee, Miss Rose Standish Nichols, and about 40 non-delegates. 
The following delegates were present : 

Amateur Gardeners' Club — Mrs. H. W.Turner, Mrs. E. H. Bouton. 
The Bedford Garden Club — Mrs. Arthur Scribner. 
The Garden Club of Cleveland — Mrs. John E. Newell. 
The East Hampton Garden Club — Mrs. W. E. Wheelock, Mrs. E. 

C. Potter. 
The Gardeners of Montgomery and Delaware Counties — Mrs. Wil- 
liam H. Hughes, Mrs. Benjamin Bullock. 
The Garden Club of Illinois — Mrs. T. E. Donnelley. 
The Garden Club of Lawrence — Mrs. George B. Sanford, Mrs. 

Henry 0. Chapman. 
Lenox Garden Club — Mrs. Bernhard Hoffmann, MissHeloise Meyer. 
Litchfield Garden Club — Mrs. S. Edson Gage, Miss Edith Kings- 
bury. 



The Garden Club of Michigan — Miss Hendrie, Mrs. John Dwyer. 
The Millbrook Garden Club — Mrs. Oakleigh Thorne, Mrs. Henry 

R. McLane. 
The Garden Association in Newport — Mrs. Hugh Auchincloss. 
The North County Garden Club of Long Island — Mrs. W. Emlem 

Roosevelt, Mrs. Frederick K. Pratt. 
The Garden Club of Orange and Dutchess Counties, New York — 

Mrs. James M. Fuller, Mrs. Walter H. Crittenden. 
The Garden Club of Philadelphia — Mrs. Charles Biddle, Mrs. 

Joseph Woolston. 
The Garden Club of Princeton — Mrs. Archibald D. Russell, Mrs. 

Allan Marquand. 
The Ridgefield Garden Club — Mrs. A. Barton Hepburn, Mrs. Ran- 
som L. Hooker. 
The Rumson Garden Club — Mrs. S. A. Brown. 
The Short Hills Garden Club — Mrs. John A. Stewart, Mrs. Charles 

H. Stout. 
The Garden Club of Somerset Hills — Mrs. Francis G. Lloyd, Miss 

Richardson. 
The Garden Club of Southampton — Mrs. Thomas H. Barber, Mrs. 

Charles Macdonald. 
The Garden Club of Trenton — Mrs. John A. Montgomery, Miss 

Anne Macllvaine. 
The Ulster Garden Club — Mrs. Francis J. Higginson, Mrs. John 

D. Schoonmaker. 
Washington, Connecticut, Garden Club — Miss Rossiter, Miss Vail- 

lant. 
The Weeders — Mrs. J. Howard Rhoads, Mrs. Nathan Hayward. 
The minutes of the Fourth Annual Meeting held at Lenox, June, 
1916, were read by the Secretary and were accepted as read. 

Mrs. Hugh D. Auchin close, Treasurer, read the financial report 
for the year. The Report was accepted as read. 

Mrs. Martin read a letter which the New York Liberty Loan 
Committee had sent to the Garden Club of America, after which a 
representative of the New York Committee, Mrs. Jacob Riis, gave a 
short address requesting the Members of the Garden Club to en- 
courage the Loan in every possible way. 

It was moved by Miss Goodman and seconded by Mrs. Hayward 
that since the Garden Club oe America is not incorporated, the con- 
sideration of the Liberty Loan question be left to the individual Clubs 
or members of Clubs, and that the Garden Club register our appre- 
ciation of Mrs. Riis' able presentation of the subject, assuring Mrs. 



Riis of our earnest individual co-operation in the time still before us. 
Motion carried. 

Mrs. Martin called for the Reports of the Different Committees. 

Committee on Beautifying of Roadsides — In the absence of the 
Chairman, Doctor Warthin, the report was read by the Secretary. 

Color Chart — Report printed elsewhere. 

Committee on Garden Literature — Report printed elsewhere. 

Committee on Historical Gardens — Miss Goodman reported for the 
Chairman, Mrs. Groome, that they would postpone this work for 
another year on account of the war. 

Honorary Award — Mrs. King, the Chairman, stated the Com- 
mittee was desirous that this work should continue. The Committee 
have consulted with a sculptor, Mr. Flannigan, who will make a design 
for a medal for $1,500.00. After that the cost would be about $1.60 
each for bronze impressions if 100 were ordered at one time. It was 
felt with 2,000 members of the Garden Club that this expense might 
be met for such a cause. 

Mrs. Allan Marquand, a Member of the Committee, felt that it 
was desirable to have this medal so that it could be given on special 
occasions and urged the Club, if it were giving a medal, to give a 
beautiful one. 

Mrs. Scribner also spoke in favor of the medal, stating that the 
artists should be encouraged at this time so that they would not have 
to suffer as have the artists and sculptors abroad. 

A motion was made and seconded that the Committee on Honorary 
Award be instructed to canvass according to their best ideas for sub- 
scriptions for the medal, and report at the next Executive Meeting 
of the Garden Club in October. Motion was carried. 

Committee on the Bulletin — In the absence of the Editor of the 
Bulletin, Mrs. Brewster, the report was read by Mrs. Stewart. 

A motion was then made by Mrs. King and seconded by Mrs. 
Sanford that "The heartiest vote of thanks of which this gathering is 
capable be sent to Mrs. Brewster for her unremitting and brilliant 
services as Editor of the Bulletin." This motion was unanimously 
carried. 

Committee on Lectures — Report printed elsewhere. 

Remedies for Pests — Report printed elsewhere. 

Photography Committee — There was no report as in war time it 
has been deemed unadvisable to make any special effort in the line of 
Garden Photography. 

Protection of Wild Flowers — Mrs. Hill reported in the absence 
abroad of the Chairman, Miss Marble. 



Committee on Special Plants — Mrs. Stewart reported that very 
little had been done on account of present conditions. 

Testing of New Plants — No report. 

Committee on Medicinal Herbs. — Mr. Fairchild, Chairman, read 
the report. 

The following Clubs were then elected to Membership in the Gar- 
den Club of America: 

North Shore Garden Club of Massachusetts, Mrs. Francis B. 
Crowninshield, President, Marblehead, Massachusetts. Proposed by 
the Philadelphia Garden Club. Seconded by the North Country Gar- 
den Club of Long Island. 

Philipstown Garden Club, Mrs. Samuel Sloan, President, Garrison, 
Putnam County, New York. Proposed by the Ulster Garden Club. 
Seconded by the Lenox Garden Club. 

Garden Club of Morristown, Mrs. G. E. Kissel, President, Morris- 
town, New Jersey. Proposed by the Garden Club of Princeton. 
Seconded by the Garden Club of Southampton. 

Mrs. Martin asked Mrs. John A. Stewart, Jr., President of the 
Short Hills Club, to take the chair during the election of officers. 

The Nominating Committee then presented the following ballot 
for election: 

For President: Mrs. J. Willis Martin, Philadelphia. 

For Secretary: Mrs. Bayard Henry, Philadelphia. 

For Treasurer: Mrs. Hugh D. Auchincloss, New York. 

For Vice-Presidents: Mrs. Archibald D. Russell, Princeton, New 
Jersey; Mrs. Francis King, Alma, Michigan; Mrs. John Newell, 
Cleveland, Ohio; Mrs. William Cabell Bruce, Baltimore, Md. 

For Librarian: Miss Ernestine A. Goodman, Philadelphia. 

For Editor: Mrs. Walter S. Brewster, Lake Forest, HI. 

It was moved and seconded that the Secretary be instructed to 
cast a ballot. The motion was carried. 

It was moved and seconded that a vote of thanks be given to the 
officers for their work during the past year. 

Mrs. Martin, on resuming the Chair, expressed her deep appre- 
ciation of the honor conferred in her re-election and asked each Mem- 
ber Club to help the Executive Committee in every possible way in 
these days which were bringing increased responsibilities to the 
Garden Club of America. 

Miss Goodman, as Librarian, requested that Clubs should ask for 
publications at least one week before thay are wanted so that she 
would have time to post them. 

The one change in the list of the Vice-Presidents presented for 



re-election had been caused by Mrs. Benjamin Fairchild feeling 
obliged to resign from office. The following motion was made by Mrs. 
Bayard Henry, seconded by Mrs. Allan Marquand and unanimously 
carried by a standing vote: 

"The Garden Club of America herewith express their deep 
and sincere regret that Mrs. Fairchild felt it impossible to continue 
to act as a Vice-President of the Garden Club op America." 

"From the organization of the Club, five years ago, Mrs. Fairchild's 
unfailing interest, clear, true judgment and broad, practical knowledge 
of gardening have been of the greatest possible aid to the Executive 
Committee, and to all the members of the Garden Club of America. 
In deference to Mrs. Fairchild's personal request, the Club has most 
reluctantly accepted this resignation, and in so doing desires to record 
its deep regret and send to Mrs. Fairchild this Minute of apprecia- 
tion and sincere thanks for all the time, thought and unceasing in- 
terest she has continually given the Club." 

Discussion followed regarding activities of Member Clubs of which 
special report has been made. 

Mrs. Farrand presented a very strong plea for action by the 
Garden Club in regard to the preservation of evergreens — to dis- 
courage as far as possible their general use for Christmas decoration. 
After discussion, in accordance with the request of the meeting, the 
Chairman appointed a special Committee to take up the matter. 
Miss Anne Mcllvaine, Chairman, Mrs. Allan Marquand, Miss Eliza- 
beth Clarke were appointed. 

Mrs. King spoke of the neglected appearance of the American 
side of Niagara Falls and hoped at some time the Garden Club of 
America would try to create sufficient public sentiment to result in 
its beautification. 

Mrs. Henry reported the result of the sale of seeds from Miss 
Ellen Willmott's garden, Great Warley, England; as Miss Willmott 
is taking care of thirty Belgians on her own estate, the proceeds 
of these sales, which in the past two years have amounted to over 
$650, have gone to help provide for these refugees. The Club au- 
thorized the Secretary to send Miss Willmott a special message of 
sympathy and interest on account of the great strain of these war 
days, and several of the Members made contributions requesting 
Mrs. Henry to forward the same to Miss Willmott. 

After a brief interval for luncheon, Mrs. Charles Thompson of 
Washington spoke of "War on Waste." 

This was followed by Miss Edna M. Gunnell of the School of 
Horticulture, Ambler, Pennsylvania, who spoke on the planting of 



late vegetables and illustrated her very interesting talk with charts 
showing methods of keeping vegetables for winter use. 

Canning and evaporation were then discussed. 

It was the sentiment of the meeting that it had been a very in- 
teresting one and many of the members requested that the Club 
should meet more frequently during the war for discussion and action 
on food production and conservation and other subjects that the 
present crisis may bring forth. 

The Club wished to record their desire to keep up the standard of 
good planting throughout the country no matter how great the strain 
of these war times may be and also to record the policy of the Club — 
"That the Garden Club of America undertake to increase the effi- 
ciency of existing food gardens, to increase the acreage of ground 
under such cultivation and to plan for the conservation of the food 
thus produced." 

The business of the meeting being over, Mrs. King moved, Miss 
Mcllvaine seconded the motion that a most appreciative and earnest 
vote of thanks be given by the Garden Club of America to the 
Chairman and Members of the Committee on Arrangement for the 
Meeting, Mrs. Robert. C. Hill, Chairman, Mrs. Frederick Pratt, 
Mrs. Arthur Scribner, and Mrs. James Stokes, whose hospitable 
efforts are evident to each one present at the meeting. 

This motion was unanimously carried. 

On motion, the meeting adjourned at 5 o'clock. 
(Mrs. Bayard Henry.) J. J. R. Henry, Secretary. 



War Activities of Member Clubs 

In response to the following appeal from the President of the 
United States: 

"Every one who creates or cultivates a garden helps to solve 

the problem of the feeding of the nation." 
the President of the Garden Club of America wrote to the 
Presidents of the Member Clubs to ask what their Clubs would do 
to help in the present crisis. The following replies have been received: 

Albemarle Garden Club 

The Albemarle Garden Club is working with the state organiza- 
tions and agricultural schools. 



Allegheny Garden Club 

The Allegheny Garden Club has created a fund to be used by 
the County Agricultures to aid the farmers of the county in the pur- 
chase of seeds and fertilizers, and to urge them to a greater sowing and 
cultivation of farms — this fund to be kept separate from the Club's 
treasury. The Club has proposed also to give a vegetable show in the 
summer with prizes for various classes. 

Amateur Gardeners' Club 

The Amateur Gardeners' Club has undertaken a Community 
Garden which the Club has agreed to finance. The garden is situated 
in one of the poorer districts of the town, and is to be used for the 
cultivation of vegetables only and to be worked by families who will 
rent small patches for a nominal sum of money. It is superintended 
by a trained garden worker who is employed by the Civic League to 
do similar work throughout the city. 

Garden Club of Ann Arbor 

The Garden Club of Ann Arbor is doing no work as a Club, but 
all members are active in war work. Many have special duties in this 
crisis and one has been called to active service. Members are putting 
the major part of their time and gardens into growing vegetables and 
many are co-operating with other organizations in spreading garden 
propaganda. Experts on canning, etc., have been secured from the 
Michigan Agricultural College, whose lectures have been very suc- 
cessful, the attendance being so large that overflow meetings have had 
to be held. 

Green Spring Valley Garden Club 

The Green Spring Valley Garden Club has given away plants 
and seedlings to about ioo of the poorer people of the neighborhood. 
The use of a cannery in one of the neighborhood schools has been 
offered the Club for the canning of excess fruits and vegetables, which 
are to be sent from the Club to the Red Cross. Jam and marmalade 
has also been promised to the Red Cross, these to be put up at home. 

Harford County Garden Club 

The Harford County Garden Club still continues the regular 
meetings, but has given up having lectures; flower talks have been 
superseded by those on vegetables, canning, etc. 



The Garden Club of Illinois 

The Garden Club of Illinois reports that as so much is being done 
in Chicago by larger organizations, the Garden Club is working in 
co-operation with them. 

The Garden Club of Lawrence 

The Garden Club of Lawrence is co-operating with the General 
Organized Movement on Long Island to encourage the sowing of food 
stuffs. A plant exchange has been arranged and two money prizes 
have been offered, one for the best vegetable garden to a person who 
has never had a garden before and one for the best bushel of potatoes 
to a person who has never grown potatoes before. Boy Scouts are 
being organized to help cultivate vacant lots, and community plow- 
ing and planting has already been started. 

Lenox Garden Club 

The Lenox Garden Club has decided to make a radical change for 
the present from the ornamental to the useful and to stimulate the 
community to take up definite lines of helpfulness. Three Commit- 
tees have been formed. 

ist. — A Census Committee to gather information on the number 
and acreage of existing vegetable gardens and their capacities through- 
out the district covered by the Club. 

2nd. — A Committee to report on the most economical purchase 
of seed and fertilizer. 

3rd. — A Committee to inquire into the question of food conser- 
vation, canning, drying, cold storage, etc. 

The Millbrook Garden Club 

The Millbrook Garden Club expects to start a canning plant for 
the surplus vegetables and fruits. 

Garden Club of Michigan 

As one-half the members of the Club live in Grosse Point, we have 
co-operated with the existing settlement, the Mutual Aid Society and 
the Neighborhood Club in organizing Home Garden Clubs in the 
schools of the township under the Federal and State plan used in 
seventy-two towns in Michigan. The Garden Club has pledged the 
salary of the supervisor, given an automobile for his use and prizes 
for the children. There are eight schools in twenty square miles. 



The gardens are inspected weekly by volunteers. Free canning and 
evaporation demonstrations are given weekly in two villages. Land 
has been donated and plowed for those who have no facilities at home 
and seeds and plants given. The work is not confined to children, but 
includes all who want a home garden. A thousand copies of the first 
planting plan issued by the Garden Club of America were reprinted 
and distributed through the National League for Women's Service. 

The Gardeners of Montgomery and Delaware Counties 

The Club is interested in plant exchanges where excess vegetable 
plants are distributed, in food conservation and in community can- 
ning centers. Members are acting as judges for school gardens of 
Ardmore, Haverford and Bryn Mawr. One member has given over 
her newly designed and made garden to vegetables instead of flowers 
and another has given fifteen gardens, 20 ft. by 50 ft., to the Boy 
Scouts. The Club's booth at the Rittenhouse Square Flower Market 
made over $400. 

Garden Association in Newport 

The Association is co-operating with other local organizations in 
securing loans of land for planting small gardens. It has been diffi- 
cult to meet the demands of all applicants for allotments. Through 
the association, the best gardeners in Newport have volunteered to 
give advice in planting and the treatment of soil. The Association 
is also planning to hold a Vegetable, Fruit and Flower Market once or 
twice a week for the benefit of the poorer population of Newport. 
The material will be given from the surplus which usually goes to 
waste and will be sold below market prices. The proceeds will be 
divided between the local chapter of the Red Cross and the French 
Horticultural Society. Unsold material will be given to local chari- 
table organizations. 

A member of the Association is trying to arouse interest in some 
practical method of destroying the weeds so pernicious to agriculture. 
It is hoped that some plan will be formulated before autumn, thereby 
accomplishing a practical and valuable work. 

The North County Garden Club of Long Island 

All the members are growing vegetables on a larger scale. One 
member has given up her polo field to potatoes, another has added 
20 acres of potatoes and corn to her estate, another loaned land to 
her employees to plant. The Club has given $100.00 to the Nassau 



County Farm Bureau for the purchase of seeds to be distributed 
through the Boy Scout Commissioner and the Farm Bureau. Each 
Scout has pledged himself to make a garden and induce nine other 
persons to do the same. 

The Garden Club of Philadelphia 

Four plots of ground have been loaned the Club to be worked by 
the Boy Scouts. The Club has plowed and harrowed the ground and 
has assigned to each division two or three troups of Boy Scouts. 
These boys first construct simple tool houses when needed and then 
consult with the Club as to further preparation of soil, crops and seed. 
The Boy Scout Association also has a cannery for surplus produce. 

RlDGEFIELD GARDEN CLUB 

The Ridgefield Garden Club has arranged special work with the 
Farm Bureau of Connecticut and is distributing pamphlets published 
by the National Emergency Food Garden Commission, and school 
gardens have been started. 

The Short Hills Garden Club 

One of the Members of the Short Hills Garden Club has donated 
to the Township 15 acres of plowed land (supplying also seed and 
fertilizer) to be worked by the boys of the High School. The Club is 
also interested in the children's Home Gardens. 

The Garden Club of Somerset Hills 

Some members are on Committees to provide demonstrators to 
show the village women how to can, preserve and dry all surplus 
vegetables; also providing seeds and potatoes to village people to 
plant. 

The Garden Club of Trenton 

The Garden Club of Trenton is working with the National Food 
Garden Commission, one of the members being an officer of the or- 
ganization. 

The Ulster Garden Club 

The Ulster Garden Club has pledged $150.00 for an instructor 
and inspector of Home and School Vegetable Gardens and 
is assisting the Chamber of Commerce in securing vacant lots and 
people to cultivate them. The Club members are taking lessons 
in canning. 



The Warrenton Garden Club 

The Warrenton Garden Club has co-operated with the Garden 
and Home Economics Branch of the Citizens' National Service Com- 
mittee of the County to employ a garden and canning demonstrator, 
who will direct the work in the County. The Club contributes to 
the salary and helps in various ways to make the work effective. 

The Weeders 

The "Weeders" report that during the past year, they, as a Club, 
and as individuals, have helped organize and taken part in the ac- 
tivities in their vicinity for the production and conservation of food. 
They, with other associations, are working on the Canning Commit- 
tee, the Committee on Harvesting and Disposal of Surplus Produce, 
the Vacant Lots Association and the Yard and Garden Contests. 
They have given prizes and helped these organizations both per- 
sonally and financially. Meetings are held twice a week, including 
two Flower Shows and lectures on Food Conservation, etc. 



Report of 
THE BULLETIN Committee 

The Bulletin has had an uneventful year and one of moderate 
success in all but a financial sense. 

Most apologetically, the editor has to announce that even the in- 
creased advertising has failed to cover expenses. There are two rea- 
sons for this: one the rapid growth of the Club membership, which 
means a larger issue, added postage and much additional secretarial 
work, the other the constantly mounting cost of paper, which has 
added about 10 per cent to the contract price. The increased mem- 
bership also means a much larger January number to hold the more 
numerous reports. 

Another unforeseen expense was the publication of the special 
May issue telling of the emergency garden work being done in this 
country and abroad. Extra copies of this were printed as the Gar- 
den Club's contribution to preparedness and conservation. A few 
copies are still available. 

It is hoped these excuses will be accepted in explanation of the 
complete financial collapse set forth in the report that follows. 

The plans for next year include a change in advertising arrange- 
ments whereby advertisers may engage space for every issue instead 



of in two issues, as previously allowed and the omission of the No- 
vember number. This comes at a time when gardens are least in- 
teresting and advertisers least plentiful and would mean a consid- 
erable saving. 

It would also mean, however, that many interesting articles al- 
ready contributed could not be used this year. The editor regrets 
this and assures contributors that their work is not despised or over- 
looked. They are merely the victims of another phase of war econ- 
omy. Will those who wish their articles returned for use elsewhere 
notify the editor, who, though loathe to give them up, will see that 
they are sent immediately? 

All Clubs but the two new members now have representatives on 
the Bulletin Committee. Without the interested help of these 
the Bulletin could not continue and the editor takes this oppor- 
tunity to thank them most cordially. 

There is still some difficulty with mailing lists, which seems due 
to the fact that changes in address are not reported promptly. In 
practically all cases of Bulletins returned by the Post Office the 
address is correct according to the Bulletin files. More careful at- 
tention to this matter on the part of secretaries and Committee mem- 
bers is therefore asked. The mailing plan at present is to send the 
November, January and March issues to city addresses, the May, 
July and September issues to the country. 

The editor regrets exceedingly that it is impossible to hold a 
Bulletin Committee meeting this year. That of last year was most 
helpful. Will members who have change's and improvements to 
suggest send them in writing since they cannot be presented to the 
Committee as a whole? All criticism finds the editor meek and 
acquiescent, all praise delighted but incredulous. 
Respectfully submitted, 
(Mrs.Walter S. Brewster) Kate L. Brewster, Editor. 

Report of the 
Committee on Garden Literature 

As this is the first report of the Garden Literature Committee, it 
may be proper to state its objects and expectations. These are, 
briefly, to provide the members of the Club with information con- 
cerning useful publications in the field of gardening, including not 
only new books, but also those which, while already current, the 
Committee feels have not been brought to the attention of the readers 
as they deserve. 



The Committee intends also to make up lists of good books cover- 
ing special topics, which it hopes will be useful to members desiring 
to collect a practical library. The Committee already has given out 
a list of approved books covering the general field. 

Mrs. Brewster, as editor of the Bulletin, wrote to seven publish- 
ing houses asking if they would send the Committee on Garden Lit- 
erature their garden books for review. Four answers in the affirmative 
have been received, the others not responding at all. 

Six books so far have been received from this source. The other 
books that have been reviewed have been suggested by members of 
the Committee. 

Nine books have been reviewed during the last year, and a list 
published of the hundred best books for a garden library. 

Mrs. Frasier and Mrs. Wait resigned from the Committee on 
account of other pressing work. Mrs. Stout of the Short Hills Garden 
Club and Mrs. George Higginson of the Garden Club of Illinois, have 
consented to fill their places. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Margaret Day Blake, 
(Mrs. Tiffany Blake) Lake Forest, Illinois. 



Report on the 

Standardizing of Color and Color Terms 

for Use in Gardens 

An informal meeting was held in Mr. Clarke's studio late in 
February. Present, Mr. Clarke, Mrs. Brown, Miss Sargent. 

Mr. Clarke showed his plan for a color scale which seemed very 
simple and practical. Mrs. Brown consented to see various printers 
and color men to inquire the cost of making such a scale and the pos- 
sibility of getting the colors correctly rendered. She has since reported 
that not only was the price prohibitive, but that the New York 
printers were unwilling to guarantee tones of standard colors. Mrs. 
Brown therefore considers Dr. Ridgway's chart the best to adopt at 
the present time, the ideas of the latest accepted authorities, Torrey 
and Helmholtz being followed in it. Chevreul's chart, known as the 
French chart, is the most complete, and has the advantage of offering 
one color at a time, this being less confusing; but his system is very 
difficult to all but scientists, and he founds it on Newton L. Brewster's 
theories, which are now generally discarded. The chart of Prof. 
Munell is very complete, and he advocates the use of a number for 



the tone of a color. Mrs. Brown would urge the adoption 
of the Ridgway chart by the Garden Club of America, and 
demand its use by nursery-men in their descriptions of color in their 
catalogues; that Garden Clubs should own a copy for circulation 
among their members, and that educational work on color nomencla- 
ture should be disseminated by the Bulletin. 

Mrs. King agreed with the substance of the report. She would 
like to know if Chicago printers could do better with the colors. 

Miss Sargent thought the designation of color tones by numbers 
would be very desirable, as doing away with individual precon- 
ceived ideas. 

Mr. Clarke considered that in the present serious state of national 
affairs that it would be unwise to undertake any new and unnecessary 
project. Mrs. S. A. Brown 

Miss G. W. Sargent 
Mrs. Francis King 
Thomas Shields Clarke 



Report of 
Committee on Lecturers 

It would seem that the Lecture Committee of the Garden Club 
or America had been very inactive during this present incum- 
bency, for comparatively few inquiries for Lecturers have come to the 
Chairman. She has felt this lack of inquiry particularly, for just 
in the same ratio have letters come from the lecturers themselves, 
asking that they be given more publicity in order to secure engage- 
ments. As the Bureau is one for reference only, and not for adver- 
tisement or unsolicited recommendation, it would be as well to have 
this fact emphasized in the Bulletin at the beginning of another 
season, that a better understanding be maintained between the Com- 
mittee and the Lecturers. When one thinks of it, it is easy to ac- 
count for the falling off of requests for Lectures this year, for besides 
the help that the published list in the Bulletin last autumn gave the 
Garden Clubs, they themselves have come to an age of discretion and 
discrimination, and being familiar with the names and representa- 
tions of most of the lecturers upon garden subjects, they are able to 
secure them without the aid of the Bureau. The great activity in 
other channels also, produced by the war situation, has been a factor 
in making Garden Club work (that is, of the flower garden) of sec- 
ondary interest. 



The same report of Garden Club meetings being conducted this 
year without professional help has come from the other members of 
the committee also, for Mrs. Martin of Lake Forest writes that the 
programs of the Garden Clubs in her vicinity have been almost entirely 
supplied by members of the Clubs. 

However, we have added to our list the names of six or eight new 
lecturers with the cordial endorsement of the Clubs before whom they 
have spoken. Particularly of value at this time are those who are 
lecturing upon the growing of vegetables. Any club wishing the name 
and address of any of these before they are published in the Bulletin 
may have them by applying to the Chairman after this meeting, or 
later by sending her a line to The Avon, Baltimore, Md. 
Respectfully submitted, 
(Mrs. H. W. Turner) Grace M. Turner. 



Report of 

Committee on Garden Pests 

and Remedies 

The Committee on Garden Pests and Remedies reports that up 
to the present time seventeen clubs have appointed sub-committees; 
three have undertaken to appoint them, one has refused, and eleven 
(all the western clubs) have not been heard from. 

Those having Committees are: 

The Ridgefield Garden Club, The Albemarle Garden Club, The 
Bedford Garden Club, The Garden Club of East Hampton, The Gar- 
den Club of Harford County, The Millbrook Garden Club, The Gar- 
deners of Montgomery and Delaware Counties, The North Country 
Garden Club, Garden Club of Orange and Dutchess Counties, Gar- 
den Club of Philadelphia, Rye Garden Club, Short Hills Garden 
Club, Warrenton Garden Club, The Weeders, The Rumson Garden 
Club, The Ulster Garden Club, The Lenox Garden Club. 

Those having the question under consideration: 
The Garden Club of Somerset Hills 
The Litchfield Garden Club 
The Garden Club of Trenton 

Those refusing to have Committee: 

The Garden Club of Lawrence. 



A report has been sent in from the Millbrook Club and the Bed- 
ford Club, and a monograph from Mrs. William Verplanck 
through the Garden Club of Orange and Dutchess Counties. These 
are being condensed for reference, and, if approved, a summary will 
be sent to the Bulletin, or the material simply kept on hand for any 
Club that wishes advice. If the blanks are taken and filled out, the 
Committee can see automatically which Club is in need of any in- 
formation it may possess. The Committee had these blanks, 
which may be had on application to the Chairman, printed. They 
will be sold at cost to the committees, and members are asked to 
remember that the pests for which they have found no remedy are 
wanted, and form as much a part of the work as the remedies. 

The pressing demands of the time keep many away from their 
gardens, but the Committee would suggest that this work, if seriously 
done, is capable of being a help towards food preparedness. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Lucilla C. Austen, Chairman. 

Cockeysville, Md. 

An excellent report giving the laws of seventeen states in regard 
to planting and beautifying roadsides has been compiled and presented 
by Mrs. Hughes, president of the Gardeners of Montgomery and 
Delaware Counties. Unfortunately this report is too long to publish, 
but desired information on the subject may be had from Mrs. William 
H. Hughes, Morris Ave., Bryn Mawr, Pa. 

Conservation for Beauty 

It would be impossible to overstate the ugliness of the present 
outlook of the world. Hideous passions are rampant and triumphant. 
In merciful activities one can for a time find surcease from mental 
suffering. In the energy of self sacrifice one can forget personal 
anxiety or the national danger. But there come hours when the brain 
refuses to think, when the heart is worn out with sympathy and pain. 
Something simple, that needs no thought; something lovely, that 
makes no demands, must be found as anodyne or tonic. 

For such relief we turn instinctively to our gardens. 

But, alas! where is the peace that was to descend upon us like a 
dove? Here, also, we find doubt and unrest. How can we carry out 
out plans for enlargement and for experiment at the cost of practical 
patriotism spelled these days by the words "conservation" and 
"economy"? How can we buy even fine seed while the little children 
of fair France and bruised Belgium go frightened, naked and hungry? 



Enlargement and experiment we must forego. Varieties and 
novelties in time of peace may be exciting by reason of their uncer- 
tainty. In time of war let us have peace through the certainty of 
conservation and aim only at repetition of our best. Within the 
reach of our hands lie the possibility of this, entailing little effort and 
no expense. 

See the seed-pod left by chance on your Columbine. It is ready 
to open and discharge its fresh black dots. Is the seed you used to 
buy half as good as this? What about your pansies blooming them- 
selves to death? Your sturdy Delphinium to which so many un- 
toward evils may happen before next summer? The special shade of 
Hollyhock which is so perfect in its present position? Is it not strange 
that these riches should ever be left ungarnered and that the supreme 
effort of the plant should be thrown out as rubbish? 

There are, of course, limitations in seed gathering. The bees 
will mix your true colors, and, expecting salmon-pink, you will exe- 
crate magenta. Choose, therefore, an isolated plant for your seed, 
one that grows at a little distance from the groups of varied colors. 
A properly conducted bee methodically finishes one group of flowers 
of one type and returns to the hive with his load before attacking 
another. To obviate this difficulty you can, of course, grow plants 
in groups of colors especially for seed. Even with these precautions 
some plants, such as Pyrethrum and Sweet William will revert to 
original and undesirable colors. 

Seeds of Gaillardia, Stokes Aster, Polemonium, all the Poppy and 
Dianthus families and Escholtzia, among many others can be gathered 
before August and should be sown at once. Those which ripen too 
late to permit of the seedlings becoming well rooted before the first 
of September, should be held until the late winter and started in the 
cold frame or hot bed. 

If you can refrain from cultivating in early Spring around your 
Delphinium, Columbine, Hollyhock and others you need not gather 
the seeds, for you will find the tiny plants at the feet of their mother 
before the trees are in leaf next Spring. 

Some seeds, such as Alyssum, can be left until even December to 
gather, when by cutting the tops you may winnow them over a paper. 
This is a hardy seed and can be sown very late with only slight cover- 
ing. 

Among flower lovers there is a disagreement on one point. Is it 
better to pick the seed pod before it is ripe, thus saving every seed 
from waste and finish the process in the sun? Or is it better to risk 
the loss of many seeds and let the parent plant perfect the process? 



Here the gardener must choose between quality and quantity. The 
only alternative is to remain seated indefinitely under the plant with 
an outspread newspaper! In one instance (there may be others), 
that of the Antirrhinum, we have no choice, for there is a certain worm 
that will destroy the fully ripe seed. 

Such a small activity as seed gathering may seem negligible in its 
relation to the present upheaval of all landmarks, all ordinary living. 
As an occupation, however, it has been taken up by women in the 
South and by growers on the west coast. But the supply will be in- 
adequate and we must prepare for a shortage. The great seed-fields 
of Germany are planted for use, not ornament; the lovely fields of 
England are the property of the Government and the now arid fields 
of France and Belgium are sown with dead and watered with tears. 
The ships that crossed to us with unimaginable beauty in bulb and 
seed, are laden with sterner stuff. 

Nevertheless, there will always be a demand for flowers and it is 
right that it should be so. From the day when Adam turned from 
the bitter consequences of his weakness and shrank from the flaming 
light which closed the gate to the Perfect Garden, have the sons and 
daughters of men found refreshment in the touch of Mother Earth 
and joy in co-operation with her in her most arduous and vital task 
of reproduction. Mildred C. Prince, 

The Short Hills Garden Club. 

(Mrs. Henry A. Prince.) 

The War Relief Fund 
of the Royal Horticultural Society 

Now that the shortage of the food supply of the world has become 
a vital problem, the War Relief Fund of the Royal Horticultural 
Society of England should appeal to us in a very special way. This 
Fund has been organized that the Society may be ready, immediately 
upon the conclusion of hostilities, to extend financial assistance to the 
peasants and to horticulturists, in general, in the countries of our Allies 
whose gardens and industries have been destroyed by the war. Agri- 
culturists will be assisted by a similar fund from the Royal Agricultural 
Society. Whether the destruction has been direct or indirect, pur- 
poseful or unavoidable, on all hands the loss and discouragement have 
been incalculable. It is difficult to picture the ravages and misery 
produced by the war. Far removed as we are from the center of 
action, the accounts we hear give but a faint picture of conditions 
in Belgium, the north of France, Poland, Serbia and Roumania. 



The greater part of these countries has been laid waste, and their 
commercial, agricultural and horticultural industries, hitherto car- 
ried on with great intensity, destroyed. They had solved, especially 
in Belgium, to an enviable degree, the problem of keeping the people 
on the land. The following details relate specially to Belgium, but 
the devastation is as complete, and consequent need of reconstruction 
as great in the occupied portions of the North of France, of Serbia 
and Poland. 

Space does not permit more than a few figures showing the in- 
tensive cultivation of the horticultural part of Belgium, but these will 
show in a small degree what we owe to that country alone. 

Each district had its own horticultural specialty. The land 
around Ghent was devoted to raising flowering plants, particularly 
begonias. Around Brussels flowers were extensively grown, not only 
in the open air, but also under glass. Particularly were roses and 
lilacs forced during the winter. The value of flowers and flowering 
plants exported in 1913 was over $2,500,000. Now most of the 
beautiful gardens with their valuable glass houses, in some cases 
containing priceless collections of orchids and other rare plants, have 
been totally destroyed, or cultivation has ceased, since the men are 
away fighting and the old men and the women are engaged in pro- 
curing the bare necessities of life. 

Besides these communities of flower-growers, whose peaceful avo- 
cation has been ruthlessly disturbed, there were many small holders 
who specialized in raising fruit and vegetables. Five million pounds 
weight of chicory grown in the southwest of Brussels were exported 
to Paris each winter, besides vast quantities which were sent in cold- 
storage to America. Around Aerschot the villagers specialized in 
asparagus growing. Malines alone took 25,000 bundles a day and the 
smaller local markets each about 5,000 bundles. Around Louvain 
the peasants raised early cauliflowers, and around Malines early pota- 
toes and peas, the former being sent mainly to Germany and the 
latter to North and South America. 

The cultivation of fruit was also extensively carried on. 170,000 
acres — one-thirtieth of the acreage of cultivated land in Belgium, 
were devoted to fruit growing. In 1913 Belgium sent 25,000,000 
pounds weight of apples to Germany, besides large quantities to other 
countries. Vast numbers of glass houses for forcing have been erected 
in recent years. In many of the countrysides there is — or rather 
was — hardly a wall which was not covered with a beautifully trained 
fruit tree, a method of growing in which the French and the Belgians 
have excelled. The enthusiasm for fruit cultivation is innate in the 



people, and was encouraged by instructors who visited the villages 
and country towns, to show the people how fruit could be grown to the 
best advantage. One of these instructors declared not long before the 
war broke out that he would not be content until every bare wall in 
the villages and open towns of Belgium supported its fruit tree. 

The day war was declared every able-bodied Frenchman of military 
age was called to the colors, and in Belgium this was also the situation. 
Their system of conscription is not as comprehensive as the French, 
but every able-bodied man has now been taken off the land (or de- 
ported to Germany). 

The present condition of the land in France can best be shown by 
quoting from reports just received from England. 

"Next in point of wickedness stands the cutting down of fruit 
trees. This is one of the richest fruit districts even in fruit-growing 
France. Not merely were there orchards and fruit trees round 
almost every house, and avenues of fruit trees along the roads, but 
practically every field in the countryside was studded with fine 
trees, from 20 to 100 years old — apples, pears, and cherries. They 
stood over all the landscape with the regularity of chessmen on a 
chessboard. I write with due caution when I say that tens of 
thousands of these trees have been felled. They He across the 
fields in ranks like men lying in extended order, not a branch hav- 
ing been lopped away, and each stump having a white, newly cut 
top to it. A few trees remain standing, but of these whole groups 
have rings neatly clipped round them so that they will die. 

"Perhaps the felling of the fruit trees is felt by this army of 
French peasants as the foulest stab of all. As I travelled back 
through Kent, and looked up from my newspaper and saw an 
orchard, I found myself exclaiming, 'Why, there is an orchard 
standing!' When you have traversed mile after mile of that vast 
ruined orchard in France, even a townsman feels as in a nightmare. 
At the end of a day of it the rage mounts in your throat. It is 
difficult indeed, but vitally important, to make the people of this 
island realize the coldly scientific method of the Hun. The war 
is for him an act of commerce. It begins to appear that, after all, 
the result of it may not be a capital investment for himself, and, 
therefore, he destroys systematically the capital of his future com- 
petitor. 

From Serbia we receive the following: 

"With the exception of the remnant left from the little body of 
men fighting now at Salonika there will, after the war, be hardly 



a single grown man left in my country. They have all been pur- 
posely killed. What we shall want most from your Fund will be 
garden seeds, and implements, and instructors to teach the 
women and growing youths how to use them, and what to plant, 
and when to sow. Our plum trees, of the produce of which a large 
part of the exports of the country consisted, and by which the 
peasantry lived, have been ruthlessly cut down. I do not sup- 
pose there are one hundred trees left in the whole length and 
breadth of my country." 

In many parts of the north of France and Belgium, much work 
must be done to put the soil in a condition to be used again. Where 
the fighting has taken place, the soil has been so torn up or is so filled 
with unexploded shells that it will be impossible to use it for a great 
number of years. Happily this very serious condition pertains only 
to a small area. 

The reconstruction which is here proposed can in most places be 
easily accomplished if only the funds are forthcoming. The American 
contributions for the War Horticultural Relief Fund will be kept 
separate as a separate American subscription. 

Here at home we are faced with the necessity of growing more 
food and preserving it, but our Allies who for so long a time have borne the 
brunt of war, and whose homes and country have been devastated, 
have every right to ask our help. We have not been asked to share 
their suffering, therefore, let us assist them in restarting life when 
they are once more free from temporary occupation of the Germans. 

All inquiries in connection with this fund can be addressed to 
Miss Ethel M. Bagg, care of the Third National Bank, Springfield, 
Mass., who represents the Society in America, or direct to the Sec- 
retary in England, Rev. W. Wilkes, Royal Horticultural Society, 
Westminster, S. W. 

Ethel M. Bagg. 

No act of the Germans has so enraged the French as the wanton 
destruction of all fruit trees in the recently liberated territory. In 
the Senate, Mr. Henry Cheron says, "There they have committed an 
act more despicable, more malicious and more hateful than all the 
rest. The wretches have felled all the fruit trees and when they have 
not had time to saw them off they have stripped the bark that they 
might die. ... In some districts, notably Ham, they have made the 
farmers themselves cut down the trees which in the past they have so 
carefully tended." 



From the front come indignant letters telling of this outrageous 
condition, but suggesting that much can be done to repair what seems 
hopelessly ruined. Already the trees are being "reconstructed" by 
grafting. Those that are girdled are having grafts inserted above 
and below the barked space. Those that are cut down close to the 
ground are being "crown-grafted," which means that a series of 
grafts are inserted around the trunk at regular intervals. Espaliers 
are also being restored and trees that are not quite sawed through are 
being fastened back onto their trunks with cement, copper wire and 
"mastique." 

In the opinion of French horticulturists, most of the fruit trees 
less than forty years old have every chance of life and the older trees 
that are not cut too close to the ground, are expected to make new 
heads from the shoots they will put out. Fortunately France has 
grafting material and the energy, optimism and ability to carry 
through such an experiment. The very late spring increased the 
possibility of success. 

May another and a peaceful victory be celebrated in those scarred 
fields. K. L. B. 

Book Reviews 

The Book of the Peony; Mrs. Edward Harding. J. B. Lippin- 
cott and Co. Price S6.oo. 
Mrs. Harding is a sort of Ferrero of the Peony — she makes even 
its history delightful! But if this pleases, what shall be said of the 
body of the book? From its opening words concerning the flower 
"too little known and too seldom sung" there is not one dull word. 
In fact, negative criticism is altogether out of place; the book is so 
positively fine and valuable. Better yet, it holds a certain radiance 
of enjoyment of Peonies which is certain to prove infectious. The 
author dips her pen into a well of rare knowledge, and felicity and 
charm of writing; in even the tabulated lists of Peonies one- feels 
enthusiasm for her chosen flower; and at moments, as on page 138, 
there are word-pictures as lovely as any that may be read in the whole 
world of garden literature. My advice is to all who love the Peony — 
do not miss this book. One cannot go into details — but the plates 
in color merit the abused word, superb; the list, "Details of Types," 
is a wonderful aid to knowledge of the flower; and all description is 
so clear and true as to make the book unrivalled among its kind. 
For myself, I already look forward to June, when with this noble 
guide-book in my hand, I plan to stand before my own sixty odd plants, 



now label-less through too much care, and identify and mark the 
glorious Peonies, which like men and women, can only be enjoyed 
properly when their names are known to us. 

Mrs. Francis King.) Louisa Y. King, 

Garden Club of Michigan. 

Strawberry Growing. By S. W. Fletcher. Published by the 
Macmillan Co. Price $1.75. 
A satisfactory book, filled as it is with definite and elementary 
directions for successfully growing strawberries in a small way, as 
well as the technical practices of their commercial culture. Mr. 
Fletcher's evident pleasure in describing the history and botany of the 
strawberry endows it with a personality. Surely all who read will be 
inspired to plant. 

The Potato. By A. W. Gilbert. Published by the Macmillan Co. 
Price Si. 50. 
Written rather for the winter fireside than for the spring field. 
A book for those who are already growers of potatoes, and for them 
it is full of information. 

Manual oe Fruix Diseases. By Lex R. Hesler and Herbert Ffise. 
Published by the Macmillan Co. Price S2.00. 
Xot only of great value for growers of fruit, but many of the 
remedies reco mm ended could be used to advantage in the vegetable 
and flower garden. In the book there is a commendable tendency to 
simplify. Often one remedy is suggested for a number of allied dis- 
eases, which is a step in the right direction, as the remedies have mul- 
tiplied of late, almost as alarmingly as the diseases. 

(Airs. Charles M. Hubbard.) Louise S. Hubbard, 

Garden Club of Illinois. 

The Mysteries oe the Flowers. By Herbert W. Faulkener. 
Frederick A. Stokes Company. 

For you, who studied Botany in school — Botany, with a big B — 
and hated it just because you loved the flowers — for you, I say, this 
book was written. 

When I was a girl, Botany seemed like dissecting my pet dog, or 
maybe my best friend. I did not care to study my best friend's 
main arteries, or her digestive organs, or possibly her third rib, I 
loved my friend — and my flowers — and that was enough. 

But this book tells of the flowers as Maeterlinck tells of the bees, 
with true love and understanding, as well as that perfect knowledge 



which unfolds a world of wonders. The romance of your best friend's 
life has been told, and now you know why she is so marvelous and so 
beautiful. 

The book begins with a simple description in simple language of 
how the various types of flowers invite their guests, the bees and flies 
and moths, to the banquet, in order that their species may continue. 
Tangle-tongued Latin words are avoided as far as is possible, and 
even the plants themselves are lovingly called by their English names. 
Then, as the history of each family is unfolded, and the whys and 
wherefores are explained, we might wonder why the flowers cannot 
speak. 

The book was not intended as a book of reference, but it has been 
placed among mine, and I find myself turning to it from time to time 
for that very purpose. 

(Mrs. Charles H. Stout.) Henrietta M. Stout, 

Short Hills Garden Club. 

Dahlia Show of the 
Short Hills Garden Club 

Late in September or early in October, the Short Hills Garden 
Club will hold its Annual Dahlia Show, this year for the benefit of the 
local branch of the Red Cross. These yearly shows have assumed 
more than local importance and the Club is to be congratulated that 
they are not to be interrupted by the War. 

The prizes, for which all amateurs are invited to compete, will be 
principally ribbons. A lecture and demonstration on flower arrange- 
ment will be given by Mrs. Chapman. Further details will be printed 
in the September Bulletin. 

Notes 

The American Joint Committee on Horticulture Nomenclature, 
Harlan P. Kelsey, Secretary, Salem, Mass., has just published an ex- 
cellent and useful booket, under the title of "191 7 Official Code of 
Standardized Plant Names." The aim of the publication is to stand- 
ardize plant names for ordering, labeling and catalogue compilation. 
No greater service could be rendered the horticulturist, amateur or 
professional, than to unify, simplify and classify the nomenclature 
of plant material. 

The Code harmonizes practically various authorities and urges its 
use until a final solution of this difficult subject can be found. 

Copies may be had from the Secretary for 25 cents. 



The Harvard University Graduate School of Landscape Archi- 
tecture is offering this summer a six weeks' course on Trees and 
Shrubs. The course will include lectures and special reading; iden- 
tification in class-room and field excursion. It begins on July 2nd 
and continues until August nth, under the instruction of Mr. Ham- 
blin. 

The Lake Forest School of Landscape Gardening, under Mr. 
Ralph Rodney Root of the University of Illinois, is also being con- 
tinued this summer. The attendance is smaller than last year, 
owing to the war, but excellent work is being done by the students. 

The Audubon Society is making a special plea for the song birds, 
which, owing to the high cost of meats, are being killed by the thou- 
sands for food. It is doubly important this year when bumper crops 
are imperative, that these birds should be saved. They are our 
insurance against the ravages of insects. If you can help, write to 
the Society, 974 Broadway, New York, and offer your assistance. 

Miss Willmott has sent a few more perennial seeds from England. 
The sale of these helps her to support a colony of Belgians on her 
estates at Great Warley. The supply this time is very limited, so 
write to Mrs. Henry at once if you wish some. 

Back Numbers of THE BULLETIN 

Many requests reach the Editor for old copies of The Bulletin 

and for extra copies of the current issue. All back numbers can be 

supplied except No. 14. All other issues are available for ten cents 

($0.10) each. For convenience, payment may be made in stamps. 

Garden Records 

The Garden Records adopted at the Fourth Annual Meeting 
may be had from the Editor at the following prices: 

Mr. Clarke's Plant and Seed Record, per 100. . . $1 . 50 
Mrs. Hibbard's 3 Year Garden Record, per 100 . . 1 . 50 

Binders containing 50 of each 3 . 50 

Loose Leaf Binders 

Binder with 100 filler sheets $2 . 40 

Index 60 

Extra filler sheets 60 

The Bulletin can still supply a very few of these, but as the price 

is constantly increasing, the sale of Binders will be abandoned when 

the present supply is exhausted. 



A New Evergreen Honeysuckle 
LONICERA HENRYI 

A valuable acquisition from China, 
making a dense tangle over rocks or tree 
stumps. Price $10.00 per dozen. 

Write for Catalogue of New Plants 

R. & J. Farquhar & Co., Boston, Mass. 

Galloway Pottery 

Completes the Garden 's Charm 

Send for catalogue of Artistic Flower Pots, Jars, 
Vases, Bird Baths, Sun-dials, Benches and other 
beautiful pieces. 

Galloway Terra Cotta Company 

3236 Walnut Street Philadelphia 

TSUGA CAROLINIANA from the high Carolina 

Mountains, the most beautiful Hemlock known. 

RHODODENDRON CAROLIN1ANUM. the new 

clear pink species. 

Rare American Plants and Specimen Evergreens. 

Rock, Water and Wild Gardens designed and 

executed. 

HARLAN P. KELSEY, Landscape Architect 

SALEM, MASS. Catalogs 

Owner, Highlands Nursery in North Carolina, Boxford 

Nursery in Massachusetts 

SWAIN NELSON & SONS CO. 

TREES, EVERGREENS, SHRUBS 
AND HARDY FLOWERS 

Estimates Furnished for Planting Grounds 

940 Marquette Building, Chicago 
PHONE CENTRAL 2770 Founded 1856 

PEO NIES 

\Y/E offer a choice selection of 400 varieties of 
* ' PEONIES. We specialize in the introductions 
of Lemoine and Dessert of France and Kelway of 
England, and in the choicer new American varie- 
ties. We furnish strong, robust specimens, and the 
varieties are guaranteed true to name. 

LYMAN H. HOYSRADT - Pine Plains, N. Y. 

"Roses for the Garden" 

The leading varieties in Hybrid Teas, 
Teas and Polyanthas, also meritorious 
novelties introduced in 1915 and 1916. 

Catalogue Mailed on Request 

M. H. WALSH - Rose Specialist 



Woods Hole, Mass. 



DARWIN TULIPS 

direct from the sole originators 

E. H. KRELAGE & SON 

Haarlem, Holland 

For Complete Bulb Catalogue apply to 

J. A. DE VEER, Sole Agent 

100 William Street NEW YOR K 

CLARA M. BOLTZ 

LANDSCAPE GARDENER 

specializes in color and succession of bloom in 
gardens and shrubbery beds. Have your garden 
blooming next spring by planning it now. 

Lecture, " Everybody's Garden : A Plea for 
Roadside Planting." 

Address, 328 Pelham Road, Philadelphia, Pa. 

The Fatherless Children of France 

will need your help next winter more than ever 
before. $36.50 supports a child in the home of its 
mother for a year. "Adopt" a little French orphan 
or form a summer committee and arrange to have 
many " adopted ". 

All necessary information may be had from New 
York Headquarters, 665 FIFTH AVENUE, or from 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 
Lake Forest Illinois 

Perennial Seeds 

from the famous gardens of MISS ELLEN WILLMOTT 
at Great Warley, England. 
A few packets of these have just been received and may 
be had from 

MRS. BAYARD HENRY 

Germantown, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Price 50c per packet List on application 

RIDGWAY COLOR STAND- 
ARDS AND NOMENCLATURE 

The accepted standard of Color Nomenclature among Zo- 
ologists, Physicists, Chemists and in various industrial arte. 
A scientific arrangement of named colors, 1115 in number, 
with text explaining concisely the theory of color, color mix- 
ture, etc. Indispensable to the florist, gardener, nurseryman 
and all having need of definite and fixed color names. 

Published by MRS. J. EVELYN RIDGWAY 

Olney, 111., Route 7 Price, postage prepaid, $8.10 

C. G. van Tubergen, Jr., JJ^S 

Grower of Choice Bulbs 

E. J. KRUG, Sole Agent 

112 Broad Street New York 

Bulbs imported direct from Holland for customers. 
No supply kept here. Catalogue quoting prices 
in Nurseries in Haarlem — free on application. 



All advertisements endorsed by members of the GARDEN CLUB OF AMERICA 
In writing to Advertisers kindly refer to the Bulletin 






' 2-/ 
Bulletin of 

TLhc <3ar6en Club 

of Bmcrica 



September, 1917 No. XXII 

President Vice-Presidents 
MRS. J. WILLIS MARTIN 

Chestnut Hill. Philadelphia MRS. ARCHIBALD D. RUSSELL 

Treasurer 34 E. 36TH Street, New York and 

MRS. H. D. AUCHINCLOSS Princeton, New Jersey 

33 E. 6 7 th Street New York and MRS. WILLIAM CABELL BRUCE 

Newport, R. I. 8 Mt Vernon Pl Baltimore, Md. 

.„„,. „ . „ . ^^lim,, and Roxton, Md. 

MRS. BAYARD HENRY mrs FKAMm nwr 

Germantown, Philadelphia MKt >- *R AJ NClb KING 

r ., . Alma, Michigan 
Ltbrarian 

MISS ERNESTINE A. GOODMAN MR S. JOHN E. NEWELL 

Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia West Mentor, Ohio 

Editor 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 

1220 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, and Lake Forest, Illinois 



The objects of this association shall be: to stimulate the knowledge and love of gardening among 
amateurs; to share the advantages of association, through conference and correspondence in this 
country and abroad; to aid in the protection of native plants and birds; and to encourage civic planting. 



Now when the time of fruit and grain is come, 
When apples hang above the orchard wall, 
And from a tangle by the roadside stream 
A scent of wild grapes fills the racy air, 
Comes Autumn with her sunburnt caravan, 
Like a long gypsy train with trappings gay 
And tattered colors of the Orient, 
Moving slow-footed through the dreamy hills. 
The woods of Wilton, at her coming, wear 
Tints of Bokhara and of Samarcand; 
The maples glow with their Pompeian red, 
The hickories with burnt Etruscan gold; 
And while the crickets fife along her march, 
Behind her banners burns the crimson sun. 

Bliss Carman. 



A Battlefield of a Year Ago 

I have just travelled up the line again for the second time. I am 
not so very far away from the spot where I was last time, but the 
change that has happened since I left the line towards the end of last 
year has impressed me very much. I have crossed the old battlefield 
of a year ago — the ground that we were fighting for so hard — and it is 
unrecognisable from what it was as I saw it last. Nature has exerted 
her very utmost to cover up all the terrible havoc that has been done, 
and it is now a most beautiful garden. It is absolutely covered with 
flowers as far as the eye can reach, and the effect is most pleasing. 
The banks of the old trenches are covered with white Dog Daisies, 
and the vivid red of great patches of Poppies has a splendid effect. 
There are thousands of beautiful mauve Sweet Scabious, and pink 
and mauve double Poppies. The loveliest flower to be seen, however, 
is the Cornflower. It is such a rich, intense blue; there are whole 
fields of it, and the sight is most glorious. There are some tall yellow 
flowers, very much like Mustard, and the reddish brown seed of the 
Dock plant add to the effect. Here and there are large pools of 
water, caused by the shell holes. The trees, too, that were blown to 
bits have thrown out shoots to cover up the ugly stumps. The un- 
level nature of the ground adds a great deal to the beauty of the scene; 
truly a most lovely wild garden. Last year it was a horrible inferno; 
this year a veritable paradise. It proves what the Great Gardener 
can do. — 23004 Private A. Speck, British Expeditionary Force. 

Already the fields of Flanders have begun to bloom again. Their 
martyrdom is over. They strew with flowers the pathway of their 
deliverers. They make offering, too, at the graves of their deliverers. 
But, alas, in America our adventures are just beginning. Our fields 
are filled with flowers this year, next they may be a shot-torn wilder- 
ness. Not literally, perhaps, shall we see devastated farms and 
towns and forests, but we must win grim battles before our battlefields 
rejoice again. 

The Wounded Garden 

A hedge, meticulously trimmed, shuts in this ordered garden, a 
garden so exact that it seems carved from the unbroken fields that 
surround it. Carved, then jewel-set with flowers. The vegetable 
rows are primly straight and the fruit trees are trained with obstinate 
and skillful severity. The man who works here is a master of his 
trade. He is standing, thoughtful, before a clump of tulips whose tall 
stems are crowned with great oval flowers of bold pattern and clear 



color. But the weakness of the discolored leaves has spoiled the set- 
ting of tufty green. The gardener must renounce his yearly joy in 
the globes of red springing from emerald bouquets. With his patient 
fingers he feels the plants to see if a little life remains. Their wound is 
irreparable. The poisoned gases launched the night before by the 
Germans have, even twelve kilometers away, attacked the verdure. 
The war, after killing men, kills the Spring. Nearer the fight than 
this garden, on the land which the obstinate peasant cultivates to 
the very trenches, the young pasturage is all lost. Flocks he dead 
on the new grass. The fetid cloud, mounting to the sun, has gnawed 
the fresh green shoots. The teeming fields, where the flowers of May 
rejoice amid the starting grasses, have perished in the deadly breath 
of the war. The people of this land have seen the clear flames of 
distant farms fired by incendiary bombs, by day, bright shafts amidst 
black smoke, by night, bursting sparks high up in the darkness. They 
have known dead, shattered bodies and shell-crumbled houses. 
And here is the assassination of all growing things. Devastating 
humanity has one thing more to learn : how to destroy the light of day. 

The patient gardener reviews the misfortunes of his wounded 
garden. Only the green is destroyed. The flowers are still alive. 
His dear Forget-me-nots are yet blue above their wilted foliage. 
The young green vegetables, the tiny shoots from the roots, the 
fragile lettuces seem dead for lack of water in a damp country 
where green things are happy in constant humidity. 

The old gardener is accustomed to a house shaken night and day by 
the detonations of artillery. But the gases have sapped his courage. 
Yesterday life was evil in that dangerous air and he had felt a desire to 
go away where the air was sweet and the poison of the war was left 
behind. Tired and broken, he had said, "I will go." This morning 
he said, "I stay!" 

He puzzles over the best way to protect his plants; perhaps straw, 
as against frost, or sprinkling with a protective liquid, — he makes plans 
for the struggle to come. He no longer hears the cannon or the rush 
of the Red Cross trucks sweeping past his hedge laden with the seri- 
ously wounded or those whom the gases have killed. 

He had not failed through all the long war to do for his garden all 
that he had done in the years before. After the German cavalry had 
kept their horses there in 1914 he had repaired the ravages they had 
wrought. He had remade his garden as beautiful as before. His 
spade clinked against bomb casings fallen among his treasured plants. 
This one spot he guards in perfection and says: "There's enough of 
this war. If everybody quit his work, then what would happen?" 



In this one spot he remedies all the evil that the battle brings. 
Within the limits of his impeccable hedge, he is victorious. Leaning 
on his spade he watches the distant prairies that cannot ignore the 
fact that men are fighting, that suffer in the poisoned air; but for 
himself and his garden he has confidence in the wind, the sun, and the 
rain. The unconquerable verdure will return. 

His work is to care for his plants. No one can say that during the 
war he did not do his duty. People would stop to look over the hedge 
at the magnificence of his flowers. The eyes of women would grow 
big at the sight of his rose trellis. Their lips would sigh for one 
flower. The silent gardener can never explain what his work has to 
do with the war, but he knows what he has to do. More assiduously 
he devotes himself to his task. The louder the roar of the cannon, the 
more vigorously he thrusts his shining spade into the beloved earth. 

His field of glory is his garden. 

Pierre Hamp in Le Jar din. 

Should the 

Garden Club Organize as a Unit 

for War Work? 

The following letter has been sent by Mrs. Martin to the presidents 
of all member Clubs. In the July issue was recorded the work that 
each Club individually was doing. Would it be wise to organize for 
concerted action? 

Philadelphia, July 27, 1917. 

At the meeting of the Women's Committee of the Council of 
National Defense, held in Washington, to which the Presidents of all 
National Women's Organizations were invited, I offered the resolu- 
tion of the Garden Club, passed at its Annual Meeting on June 13, 
1 91 7, offering its co-operation to the Council. 

You may be interested to hear that with the exception of the Wo- 
men's Farm and Garden Association, the Garden Club of America 
was the only organization out of some seventy-odd national organiza- 
tions represented which has as one of its activities the "production of 
food." 

I have just received a letter from the Chairman of the Women's 
Committee of the Council of National Defense asking that the indi- 
vidual Garden Clubs get in touch with the Chairman of the Council 
of National Defense of their States. I trust that your Club will be 
willing to offer its co-operation to the State Chairman, Mrs. William 



Grant Brown, Hotel Anton, 2350 Broadway, New York. May I 
ask you to let me know what action your Club takes in regard to this 
patriotic service? 

Since so full a report was given by each Club at the Annual Meet- 
ing, it is suggested that the January Bulletin be devoted to a dis- 
cussion of this question. There will be no November Bulletin; 
therefore the January issue will be published late in December. This 
will give time for any feasible and useful suggestions to bear fruit be- 
fore Spring work should begin. 

Will all Clubs before closing their club year, give this question 
careful consideration and have some sort of report ready by December 
1st? An organization of active women should be able to give really 
valuable assistance in this time of national need. It may be that 
individual work will be the best plan, but the question should be 
thoroughly discussed and a number of plans of action should be offered 
before a decision is finally reached. 

We are all busy now, but if this is to be a long war we shall be 
busier before it is over. Shouldn't our interest in gardens fit us to do 
some large work in that connection, and shouldn't an appreciable part 
of our time go to such work? 



The Plane Tree 

The London Plane (Platanus acerifolia), now so extensively planted 
here and in Europe, is thought to be a hybrid of our native Sycamore 
(Button-ball; Button- wood) and the Oriental Plane (Platanus orien- 
talis). It was under the spreading branches of the Oriental species 
that the Persian fire-worshipers camped, when holding their religious 
rites, and the tree was sacred to them, as the oak was to the Druids. 
Only four specimens of our native Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) 
are now known to be in the western part of Europe. In Worthington, 
Indiana, is one, the trunk of which is 42 feet 3 inches in circumference, 
and 1 50 feet high. As there has been much discussion lately as to the 
genus of trees here and in Europe, I shall consider only the tree 
commonly known as, and called, the Oriental Plane, which is really 
the London Plane. It is of the first magnitude, and has so many 
excellent qualities that it is the tree par excellence of the twentieth 
century, and might even be said to be the fashion. Fashions in trees 
must change to meet new conditions of civilization in cities, where the 
soil is permeated with gaseous vapors, heated by steam; where con- 
crete and asphalt pavements retain all the poisonous gases, and keep 



moisture from the roots, and the leaves are subjected to winds laden 
with tar oil dust, and sooty smoke. It is for these reasons that this 
Plane is so universally planted. The leaves develop late, and are not 
subjected to frost or untoward early spring conditions. This late de- 
velopment makes it undesirable for planting in southern countries, 
on account of the early, hot spring. The bark of the tree is shed in 
large plates and does not harbor blights, fungi, or insects. The foliage 
is large, and is so strong that soot and gas affect the leaves but little. 
It takes the lead in Pittsburgh planting, and is satisfactory, even there. 

Trimmed, pollard, or pleached trees have always had a peculiar 
fascination for me. They recall the trimmed fruits, trained en 
espalier, on the stone waUs of the terraces of my childhood home, 
where luscious nectarines, apricots, peaches, pears and figs ripened as 
in Italy and southern France. Partly, the charm may be in making 
Nature conform to our will. The Plane tree lends itself above all 
other deciduous trees to trimming. It is planted in long avenues on 
the boulevards of Paris, trimmed high and shallow, and branched 
twenty feet from the ground, to avoid interfering with traffic on the 
one hand, and the air and hght of the buildings on the other. 

In Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, the pleached trees meet over- 
head before the Concert Pavilion, and the seats surrounding a foun- 
tain are under this canopy of green. To accomplish this, the trimmers 
work from high-wheeled scaffolds. 

The reasons for trimming city Planes are many. The pavements 
prevent sufficient water from reaching the roots, and a trimmed tree 
requires less moisture than one that develops naturally. The leaves 
are much larger, and the foliage is less straggling and gives a denser 
shade. The straight, rounded or oblique forms of the trimmed trees 
are in harmony with the architectural lines of surrounding buildings. 
The vistas are more impressive, and in many cases they would be lost 
if the trees were not trimmed. Where space is limited, pollard, 
mop-headed trees, or tall shafts are most suitable. In the neighbor- 
hood of the seashore or where exposed to high winds, the trimming is 
all-important to preserve a well-balanced symmetrical head and pre- 
vent the trees from looking windswept. 

Unfortunately, the Plane is not exempt from the blights and 
insects which modern commerce has brought to our shores from every 
country. During the summer I have found many leaves, the veins 
of which are fastened together by finely spun webs. Opening them, 
one finds a tiny green worm which later eats the leaves and may often 
be seen hanging from the tree by its web. This is the larva of a small 
moth belonging to the family Tortricidae. It may be controlled by 






using a spray of two pounds of arsenate of lead to fifty gallons of 
water. Last summer I noticed a white woolly caterpillar that seemed 
to have done much damage. This was the larva of the Tussock moth. 
This species, one season, ate all the leaves of the beautiful Plane trees 
on Pennsylvania Avenue in Washingtoon. The white egg masses 
deposited by this moth must be removed in the winter or early spring 
from the crotches of the tree, and from the trunk near the ground. 
Then the leaf blight of the Plane tree, Gloeosporium nervisequam caused 
by late frosts and wet springs, will kill the terminal twigs, and new 
shoots have to develop from lateral buds a foot or two from the tips 
of the branches. This blight was severe in 1907, but not so injurious 
as after the cold, wet spring of last year. It evidently affects only 
untrimmed trees, as those I keep trimmed have not been injured by it. 

On my travels much of my time is spent in parks, and invariably Ober- 
Gartners, jardiniers, head-gardeners and sub-gardeners named Hans, 
Pierre, Andy or Mike become my friends. I asked one of them in 
Hyde Park why the Planes were so popular. He answered, " Because 
theyaresuch clean trees; they shed their bark,sodonot harbor insects." 
While it is considered one of its most valuable characteristics, this is, 
to me, the one unattractive feature of the tree. I do not fancy the 
mottled bark, or Uttered lawn at the season of shedding. It is a 
source of endless amusement in the summer to small boys and tiny 
maidens, on their daily chaperoned walk under my trees to and from 
the beach, to assist Nature by peeling off the loosened scales and 
patches. 

In Paris, in June, 1913, 1 was shocked when driving on the Champs 
Elysees to see the leaves of the Elm and Horse-chestnut trees dark 
and shriveled, and many of the branches absolutely bare. The effect 
was of late Autumn, until, beyond the Arc de Triomphe, the fresh 
beautiful green of the splendid Planes assured us that it was still 
Summer. I was interested on my return home to learn that Dr. 
Murrell of the New York Botanical Garden went abroad that summer 
to study these conditions, and found that drought, hot sun and tar 
dust had injured the Elms and Chestnuts while the Planes had escaped. 
Their leaves develop so late that they are not affected by early 
inclement Spring weather. 

That same Summer we motored from Vienna to London. Along 
the endless highways of Austria, Germany and France the Planes 
vied with Lombardy and Bolena Poplars, Lindens, Maples, Apple, 
Cherry and Pear trees, Hickory, and Acacia and sometimes were 
planted with them. There were more avenues of Planes in France 
than in Germany, and I noticed in the neighborhood of the larger 



cities and within the cities, that almost invariably the young trees 
which were set out were Planes. 

From Strassburg to Paris our route led us through the now fright- 
fully devastated zone of northern France. I have shuddered to think 
of the destruction of the beautiful trees we saw then. Frederick 
Courtlandt Penfield, our Ambassador to Austria-Hungary, after the 
severance of diplomatic relations with that country, and before his 
return to America,passed through this region lately evacuated by 
the German vandals. He writes: 

"The most ruthless and revolting thing that a visitor to the evacu- 
ated area perceives is the total destruction of all trees, fruit-bearing 
and ornamental. Nearly every tree in the Aisne department has 
been felled. Men and money can rebuild the homes and factories 
in a year or two, but to restore the orchards and other useful trees 
will call for a half-century. What the Germans did to tree life in north- 
ern France was the systematic murdering of Nature, nothing less." 

At Bologne we crossed to Folkestone. We had left the inter- 
minable miles of highways on the Continent, and from there to 
London saw only lovely English lanes, hedges, and parklike landscapes. 

In London, the trimmed Plane has the sanction of royalty. From 
St. James Palace down Constitution Hill to the Victoria Memorial 
Fountain are shapely, pyramidal trees, six rows of them on Pall Mall; 
and on the Green Park side there are five rows of these trees. 

In New York, many symmetrical young trees are planted on River- 
side Drive and in Central Park, and from there along the center of 
Seventh Avenue. Mr. Frick had Horse-chestnuts planted before 
his house at first, but they were a failure, and he now has the Planes. 

Two wind-swept treeless acres had come into our possession, not 
three minutes away from the Atlantic Ocean, with only low sand 
dunes intervening. It was said by those who thought they knew, 
that we were beyond the tree limit, and as a proof of this assertion 
they pointed to the few trees in the neighborhood, all of which had 
succumbed to stress of storm and salt spray, and were barely more 
than tall shrubs, with tops that bent wearily away from the pre- 
vailing winds. And I had had visions ! Visions, of shrubberies with a 
broken skyline framing green lawns ; of groups of evergreens for winter 
cheer, of beautiful specimen trees, and these as the setting of an en- 
closed garden with flowers blooming around the central gem — a 
Grecian fountain! Decidedly, the tree line must be changed; and it 
was, by means of close planting and the protection given by the build- 
ings on the place. Now I could carry out my cherished plan of an 
avenue of Plane trees similar to those I had seen in Switzerland. 



As I found it impossible to procure young trained trees from the 
nurseries, in the Spring I ordered some of the regular stock, insisting, 
however, upon absolutely straight trunks, headed high. These were 
planted twenty-three feet apart. The "tree limit" specter caused 
me to superintend every detail of that important function. Holes 
larger than the diameter of the roots were prepared, with broken sod 
at the bottom. Then six inches of well decomposed manure was 
covered with a layer of top soil, upon which the tree was placed. As 
the finished planting must be exactly as it was in the nursery, a lath 
laid across the hole decided the right depth, and special pains were 
taken to have the tree perfectly erect. White sand was then sprinkled 
over the tiny rootlets, and fine earth solidly tamped in among them 
with a rounded stick. When the roots were firmly covered a few 
inches of manure was added, and the hole filled with earth to within 
two or three inches of the top. Much water was then allowed to run 
in from the hose, and the following day the earth was made level 
around the tree. A few weeks later, the trees were again thoroughly 
watered, and, after cultivating the next day, a thick mulch of compost 
was put around them. The only pruning at the time of planting was 
a little root and enough top-pruning to balance it. In the late 
Autumn each tree was anchored to the ground, by means of wires 
passed through a small piece of rubber tubing to protect the tree. 
The wires were attached to three strong pegs driven firmly into the sod. 

So, they defied the Winter storms, and early the following Spring 
the training began. Taking a rod twelve feet long, the top of each 
tree was cut off at that height, and the lower branches trimmed off 
to an equal distance from the ground, about seven feet, leaving the 
remaining branches as long as possible, but of the same length. The 
upper branches were trimmed to make the tree the shape of an expand- 
ed mushroon. The next year the upper trimming was about the same, 
leaving on each branch two more eyes while the lower branches were 
allowed to grow out, always preserving the mushroom form. [Tab- 
leaux: Our old gardener on a ladder, head and shoulders above the 
middle of the tree, with shears in hand; standing below, the enthusiast- 
ic superintendent directing each fateful cut. "A little higher up, no 
that is too high, — there now, yes, that is just right, fine!"] So I 
would direct as I walked around the tree, viewing it from all sides, to 
attain perfect symmetry. By the third year, the framework of the 
trees was established, and the veriest tyro could trim them and give 
the necessary summer pruning of the small boughs from the lower 
plane of the trees, as this line must be perfectly horizontal, for the 
pleached arbor effect. 



The lower branches of the trimmed trees now have in Spring a 
spread of sixteen feet diameter. The canes of the past Summer's 
growth, which were cut off, measured nine to ten feet. The annual 
pruning, besides being necessary to preserve this hedge in the air, is 
the cause of trebling the size of the leaf. My patience and perservance 
have been rewarded by shapely, rounded, well-balanced domes giving 
broad shade and protection from sun, rain and wind. 

Martha Prentice Strong. 

Garden Club of East Hampton. 
Mrs. Theron G. Strong. 



Purpose, Organization, Accomplishment 

and Results of the National Cash Register Company's 

Boys' Garden Movement 

The N. C. R. Boys' Garden Movement was started in 1893. At 
that time there were many bad boys in the surrounding neighborhood 
who did much damage to the N. C. R. plant and caused all sorts of 
trouble. The officials of the company surmised that the reason for 
all this mischief was a lack of definite and interesting employment. 

Since it was necessary that the nuisance should stop, this theory 
was put into practice, and a little house was bought and equipped as 
a House of Usefulness. A well-known settlement worker of the time 
was put in charge and a school started. An invitation to attend was 
sent out to the boys, but at first they did not respond. They suspected 
the company wanted to get them into the house to punish them in 
some way. 

But finally they began to come and a sort of trades school began. 
All sorts of things were taught that might prove of practical value. 
What seemed to interest them most were the "egg-shell gardens." 
These were just a lot of egg-shells filled with soil and a seed or two 
planted in them. They were effective because they showed quick 
results and taught the boys what a small personal effort could ac- 
complish. They were not satisfied long with these tiny gardens, but 
asked for bigger things to do. 

Since the factory is located in the outskirts of Dayton, Ohio, it had 
much vacant ground around it, most of which belonged to the company. 
A part of this available land was cleared and plowed. Then the boys 
were furnished with seeds, plants and tools and were put to work 
making vegetable gardens. 



That was the beginning. To-day the boys have an organization 
that is complete in every respect and modeled exactly upon that of 
the National Cash Register Company. Theirs is a stock company 
incorporated under the laws of the state of Ohio. There is a president, 
board of directors and other officers. 

Stockholders' meetings are held regularly at which problems 
relating to the gardens are discussed. All produce is sold and the 
money put into the treasury. At the end of the season a cash divi- 
dend is declared. By this method the boys get an excellent business 
training, since the affairs of their organization are entirely in their 
hands. 

Not only do the boys raise enough vegetables to sell, but they also 
supply their families during the summer months. This is a great help 
to their parents. 

The garden plot contains about one and one-quarter acres. On 
this plot about eighty boys have gardens. These are fifty-three feet 
long by eleven feet wide. All of the boys raise the same varieties of 
vegetables. Last year they made almost $1800. This seems a large 
sum for so small a space : it is only through their excellent organization 
that they are able to do so well. A strict account is kept of each 
garden, no matter how small the amount. Each boy must keep a 
record of his own garden. 

When the season is over the company entertains the boys at dinner 
in the N. C. R. Dining Hall. Afterward an entertainment is given at 
the Industrial Hall of Education, the principal feature of which is the 
declaration of the cash dividends and the distribution of $100.00 in 
cash prizes given by the company to the most successful gardeners. 
This acts as an incentive for the coming year and encourages the boys 
to make the most of their time. 

The highest cash dividend received by an individual was $8.22. 
This may not seem very large, but when it is remembered that 
the boys have used at home all the vegetables they want and that 
there are eighty boys to divide the profits it seems a very fan- 
return. 

As a result of this work, the National Cash Register Company 
to-day is raising men for the factory in its own neighborhood. Many 
of the men who now hold important positions were once N. C. R. boy 
gardeners. Then, too, there are no longer idle boys to cause trouble 
in the community. 

That the gardens have done these things for the company and the 
neighborhood is proof positive that the plan is a practical and a paying 
proposition. 



War gardens are, of course, a new idea; and city, school and com- 
munity gardens are looked upon in most localities as a recent develop- 
ment. But here, at the National Cash Register Company, just out- 
side of Dayton, Ohio, is a community garden twenty-four years old. 
In the Industrial Hall of Education pictures are shown of the naughty 
and dirty little boys of twenty years ago, the wretched houses, the 
disorder and dilapidation of the neighborhood. Then come charming 
pictures of busy youngsters digging and hoeing and occasionally eating 
their crops, of pretty houses set in tiny, flowery gardens, and a neigh- 
borhood so neat and pleasant that the change seems incredible. 

And most of this has come about through the making and tending 
of gardens. The boys who were naughty and dirty are successful men 
now. They were wisely and kindly directed to shoulder their own 
responsibilities. They were amused and entertained while at it; and 
whereas it is to be hoped they are not too completely reformed char- 
acters, they at least are characters and not little hoodlums. 

We who are a little discouraged over newly organized community 
gardens and the vague ways of still disorganized community gar- 
deners, may draw much encouragement from the complete success of 
this well-tried plan. 

These gardens are only one of the welfare movements started by 
Mr. John H. Patterson, president of the company, to increase the 
usefulness and happiness of his thousands of employees. Most in- 
teresting is his attitude toward the really great things he has accom- 
plished: that all these added comforts and adornments pay; that 
they are not philanthropies, but investments; that contentment and 
well-being in its employees is a company's best asset. 

We might take that to heart in our efforts to increase practical 
£, Cf Mening by an unenlightened public who plant eagerly but tend 
languidly. Perhaps if both parties to the plan regarded it as a busi- 
ness proposition enthusiasm would wax instead of wane during the 
summer months. A bumper crop would clinch it, but never was 
bumper crop the result of a summer of indifference. K. L. B. 

"The mellow year is hastening to its close; 
The little birds have almost sung their last, 
Their small notes twitter in the dreary blast — 
That shrill-piped harbinger of early snows; 
The patient beauty of the scentless Rose, 
Oft with the morn's hoar crystal quaintly glass'd 
Hangs a pale mourner for the summer past, 
And makes a little summer where it grows." 

— Hartley Coleridge. 



Winterthur in Daffodil Time 

To translate into words the impressions of part of an April day at 
Winterthur is an undertaking beyond my powers. But pleasures such 
as these will effervesce and the overflow must sometimes be caught in 
the cup of written expression. 

Now in the first place the light was perfect. A fine garden requires 
its own atmosphere to be seen at its most perfect point. Could there 
be for Daffodil time at Winterthur a more wonderful thing than 
alternating sun and shade? My hour there was late afternoon. No 
sooner had the eye rejoiced in the delicious pictures of that noble 
woodland, carpeted with tones of cream-white, yellow, and orange 
flowers, than the pale glow of an April sun spread over the whole, 
threw the long shadows of the tree trunks athwart the Daffodils and 
gave an effect of supreme loveliness to the picture. 

The Daffodils at Winterthur — and there are thousands upon 
thousands of them — bring England into America. How I wish my 
English friends in gardening might see this transatlantic sight! Mr. 
du Pont follows an original plan of planting Daffodils (he has described 
it in this Bulletin and in the Daffodil Yearbook of the Royal Horti- 
cultural Society) by means of laying down branches and twigs to 
outline his groups or drifts of flowers. By this means he has on the 
ground a visible plan, yet to all intents and purposes an invisible one. 
By this means also he secures a most unstudied and charming effect 
when bloom is due. The flowers are planted in irregular colonies, 
sometimes tightly packed, sometimes rather loosely set — always 
with an eye to those two great matters of color contrast and contrast 
in form, in height and habit. Also, let me add, the color of fob' - ■ 
is made note of, as in Daffodil Spring Glory, a beauty of a flower wh x ^n 
for the first time I saw at Winterthur. 

As one stands below the slope of wooded hillsides and looks 
upward, the Spring picture of those drifts of delicate color in Daffodils 
has an almost unearthly beauty. Paradise itself could give no more. 

To dwell for a moment upon varieties here : the aristocrats among 
Daffodils are used freely for fine groupings: William Goldring, Auto- 
crat, Spring Glory, Firebright, Lucifer, Mrs. Langtry, Queen of Spain 
are among the many kinds. Now and again a very rare and precious 
variety is seen — a few bulbs for trial, perhaps. 

Thus far I have only made mention of the Daffodils, and these are 
the important April picture in one part of this place; but look down 
the walk along the hillside which drops entirely away from the Daffo- 
dils to a stream below, — here are Daffodils again, grown in masses, 



but with sheets of other Spring flowers near for contrast. Here is 
Mertensia, in full blueness of its beauty; here is Anemone Apenina, 
that charming and little-grown flower. Eranthus, too, and here the 
late Muscari with its rich violet blue. All among these you may see 
the fine fronds of Bracken proudly lifting themselves before unfurling. 
Sheet upon sheet of Narcissus poeticus is here too, in full purity of 
bloom. Beyond the brook and farther down the little valley, masses 
of Forsythia, a vivid glory in the wood, used as Forsythia only should 
be used — in large effects of Spring. There is room for it here; but 
how often, even under like conditions, do we see this heavenly subject 
enduring the hardship of becoming a mere blotch of yellow inter- 
ruption among green. How glorious it can be is known only to those 
who see it as at Winterthur, backed by the strong dark greens of 
Rhodondendron or of Cedar, the whole picture cut in panels by 
straight tree-trunks in the foreground. 

Down a curving drive are rose-pink trees like sunset clouds glow- 
ing against the blues and violets of distant hills and valleys. The 
faint promise of leaves is on every bough of every tree, — the very 

poetry of Spring is here. , _ r _, 

r Louisa Y. King. 

Mrs. Francis King. 

Moles 

The most discouraging of the natural enemies encountered in 
making a new garden are Moles. This was my initial experience, 
and on the point of despair I told my trouble to a "gentleman farmer" 
in the neighborhood. He advised me to try calcium carbide, and 
himself brought me a jar of this rocky-crystal substance, having an 
iicetylene plant on his farm in which it is used. The directions which 
I followed were these: 

Lift carefully a small portion of the ridge made by the mole. 
When the "run" is exposed, place several pieces of the calcium carbide 
in each direction of the run, pushing it in as far as possible without 
disturbing the earth. Then pour water into the hole, quickly closing 
the opening. Mice, which are so destructive to roots and bulbs, 
always seem to inhabit the mole tracks, often making several outlets, 
so it is well to have one or two helpers armed with a rock or clod of 
turf (my children think it great fun) to watch for the escape of the 
gas at some other point of the track. This, of course, has to be 
immediately closed, as it is the gas that either suffocates or drives 
away the mice and moles, while not in the least harming the plants 
or grass. 






My gardener always keeps a can of calcium carbide ready for use. 
In reading one of the Baltimore newspapers last August, I was 
interested to note that in the trenches in France the rats and mice 
had become such pests that the army was using calcium carbide to try 
to exterminate them. I felt that this was a good indorsement of my 
gentleman farmer's advice. Virginia W. Smith, 

Green Spring Valley Garden Club, Baltimore Co., Md. 

The Chinese Witch Hazel 

Of the several shrubs which bloom during late December and 
in January, the Chinese Witch Hazel (Hamamelis mollis) is one 
of the most beautiful. . In addition it [is the best of the Witch 
Hazels, and anyone wishing to grow but one plant of this remark- 
able family would do well to try this. Although it was intro- 
duced as long ago as 1879, it has only been well known for about 
fifteen years, its merits being unappreciated previous to that time. 
It can be distinguished from other Witch Hazels by its rather 
large, rounded, hairy leaves and by its golden petals being flat, with a 
hooked end instead of twisted, which is a familiar feature of other 
species. The- flowers are borne very freely and are Primrose-scented. 
It should be given a position sheltered from cold winds, and thrives 
satisfactorily in well-drained loamy soil containing a little peat or 
leaf -mould. 

Berberis Sargentiana 

Berberis Sargentiana ranks among the finest of the plants intro- 
duced by Mr. E. H. Wilson from China, and is well worthy of the 
name which has been given it. The bold leafage and conspicuous 
white spines render it a most effective plant for the shrubbery. At 
this season of the year the foliage assumes gorgeous tints. 

New Roses at Bagatelle 

The report of the annual trial of new Roses at Bagatelle, near 
Paris, has just come to hand. The gold medals have been awarded 
to two yellow Roses, one from Messrs. Pernet-Ducher, named Mme. 
Caristie Martel; the other from Messrs. Alexander Dickson, of New- 
townards, Margaret Dickson Hamill. The judges report that both 
these Roses have shown, during the period of their cultivation at 
Bagatelle, all the points of good Roses, including continuous flowering 
from Spring to Autumn. Certificates were awarded to the following : 



Mrs. Mackellar (canary-yellow), Red Star (brilliant red, from a 
Dutch grower named Verschuren), Henriette (hybrid Tea, orange- 
colored, from Messrs. H. Merryweather and Sons). 

In spite of difficulties of transit, seventy-six Roses have been 
received at Bagatelle this year to be judged in 1918. Two were from 
America, one of which has not yet flowered. The other, Los Angeles, 
was raised from Mme. Segond Weber crossed with Lyon Rose. It 
appears to be a valuable Rose, with the good points of both parents 
combined. Imogen, sent by Messrs. W. Paul and Sons, Waltham 
Cross, has maintained its pale yellow color very well, even during the 
hot sunshine of the past few weeks. 

Hardy Chrysanthemums in Pots 

A member of our club has a way of brightening the dark November 
and December days by having around her front door, just inside the 
storm door, a collection of potted hardy Chrysanthemums in full 
bloom. 

In the Spring she takes from her garden clumps some of the 
outlying shoots with their roots, pots them in rich soil, plunges them 
in the sun, keeps them well watered all Summer, and after they have 
grown about a foot high she pinches off all terminal buds constantly 
until about the middle of August, when she lets them grow. 

As soon as the flower buds begin to show color, the plants are well 
watered with manure water about twice a week. When in full bloom 
and before heavy frosts, they are placed on the porch or anywhere 
under cover. They hold their flowers, and look cheerful and thankful 
behind the storm door until near or quite Christmas. 

They are taken care of anywhere — generally plunged out of 
doors — until Spring, when they make useful plants for starting new 
clumps in the borders. Trenton Garden Club. 

Book Reviews 

Book oe Garden Plans. Stephen F. Hamblin; Doubleday, 
Page and Co. Is it too Irish to say that since this volume came into 
my possession I have not had it? It has been lent in every direction; 
and this more than the most flattering comment must prove its use 
and the need for it w T hich exists. It is a tall book containing twenty 
blue-print plans for planting, sixteen illustrations, which are no good 
at all (except a lovely picture of Oriental Poppy on page 52), and such 
delightful titles for its chapters and plans as "Border of Fragrant 
Flowers," "Small Informal Garden," "American WaU Garden," but 



best of all "Formal Garden of Japanese Plants." This last plan is 
one that the most advanced gardener of us all would do well to try 
out. It marks a long step forward in horticulture to-day and cannot 
be too highly commended. The blue-print "Plan for a Small Sub- 
urban Lot" is exceedingly valuable. The "Plan for a Poppy Bed" is 
delightful; so is that for a "Small Informal Garden." There is most 
excellent ability and taste shown in these plans — such interest in the 
subject in the text that it is a pleasure to commend the book. There 
is no gardening subject of which we are all so ignorant as of garden 
design; and the Book of Garden Plans must prove an educational 
force among amateurs as well as an immense pleasure to all who 
consult it seriously. Louisa Y. King. 

The Garden under Glass. W. F. Rowles; J. B. Lippincott & 
Co. This book is written by one who understands the subject from 
its very foundation. The beginner will do well to keep it constantly 
at hand, for the mysteries of greenhouse culture are made so simple 
and clear that anyone may understand. As a book of reference it is 
so well arranged that an answer may quickly be found for almost any 
question. It is probably the only book of its kind. 

Henrietta M. Stout. 

A List of Necessary Garden Books 

i. A History oe Gardening in England. Hon. Mrs. Evelyn 
Cecil; Dutton. A delightful review of " the changes which have taken 
place and the fashions which have prevailed" in English gardens. 

2. The Seasons in a Flower Garden. Louise Shelton; 
Scribners. By all odds the best book for the ignorant enthusiast. 

3. Book or Garden Plans. Stephen Hamblin; Doubleday 
Page and Co. The possessor of this book has the equivalent of a 
good landscape-architect beside him in his garden. 

4. Garden Design in Theory and Practice. Madeline Agar; 
Lippincott. A clear exposition of the first principles of landscape 
gardening, very valuable for the amateur. 

5. Art Out of Doors. Mrs. Schuyler van Rensselaer; Scrib- 
ners. A sound and distinguished work on the first principles of 
landscape gardening and fine gardening from every point of view. 

6. The English Flower Garden. William Robinson; John 
Murray. This gardening classic needs no descriptive word. 

7. Colour in the Flower Garden. Gertrude Jekyll; Country 
Life Library. The most advanced of all books on artistic arrange- 
ment of flowering plants. 



8. Flower Grouping in English, Scottish and Irish Gardens. 
Margaret Waterfield; J. M. Dent and Co. Filled with delightful 
suggestion concerning colour and form as related to flower-growing. 

9. The three books of E. A. Bowles (to be considered as one 
work) — My Garden in Spring, My Garden in Summer, My 
Garden in Autumn. Learning and charm are combined in these 
three books in a most unusual manner. 

These may be described as among the best books on gardening and 
should be in the library of all who seriously practice that art. 

The list is printed in this issue as containing helpful suggestions 
for Christmas. 

The Little Pruning Book. The Peck, Stow & Wilcox Company 
are printing an excellent little book on pruning. It tells in a manner 
easily understood, when, how and what to prune. It gives simple and 
well-classified information on what is, to the amateur, a difficult and 
somewhat obscure subject. 

Our Garden Journal. In June, Mrs. Herbert Harde published 
the first number of what is described as "Our Garden Journal, an 
illustrated quarterly conducted and controlled by amateur flower 
gardeners, devoted exclusively to the art of flower gardening for the 
amateur gardener." The magazine is beautifully printed and charm- 
ingly illustrated. This first number is devoted to roses, and excellent 
advice is given on the subject. The Journal is published at 56 West 
45th Street, New York. The subscription, by invitation only, is 
S6.00 a year. 

Ninth Annual Dahlia Show 
of the Short Hills Garden Club 

The Short Hills Garden Club will hold its Dahlia Show this year on 
Wednesday, October 3d, from 2 until 7 o'clock at the Short Hills Club, 
Short Hills, New Jersey. 

During the afternoon Mrs. 0. P. Chapman of Westerly, Rhode 
Island, Dahlia specialist, will demonstrate artistic arrangements of 
Dahlias, and will speak informally on their culture, gladly answering 
any questions on the subject. 

This show has ceased to be a merely local event and all Club mem- 
bers who possibly can should go to see the really beautiful and interest- 
ing exhibits. 



All prizes, except where indicated, will be ribbons, as the Club 
feels that, on account of war conditions, expenses should be curtailed 
as far as possible. The Short Hills Garden Club medal, however, will 
be awarded as usual to the most meritorious Dahlia exhibit in the 
Show. 

Tea will be served at 4:30 and at 6 the blooms will be sold at 
auction. 

Only amateurs may exhibit and all entries and fees must be in the 
hands of the secretary, Mrs. Charles H. Stout, no later than October 
1st. The Exhibitors' Entry fee is $1.00, which includes admission. 

The proceeds will be donated to the Short Hills Branch of the 
American Red Cross. 

A Belated Report 

War Activities 

of the Cincinnati Garden Club 

Eleven acres, plowed, harrowed and loaned through Club mem- 
bers, were divided into plots fifty by one hundred feet, forming a 
community garden. 

Sixty grantees signed for its use. These made their own plant- 
ings. Owing to the invasion of the many-colored Aphis, and the 
difficulties of freshly turned sod, only a partial crop is being realized. 
Weekly inspections from Club members, two visits from a Govern- 
ment inspector, and a gift of six quarts of "black leaf 40" with a 
Paragon sprayer for community use, have somewhat lessened their 
difficulties. 

The grantees have learned a lesson in watchfulness, care and 
application which will tend to make them better citizens. In con- 
nection with the garden, a canning station has been provided through 
the League for Woman's Service. 

Four acres given the Club through the League were plowed and 
fertilized and, with seed provided by the Club, turned over to the 
Boy Scouts. Each boy has a plot his very own; the rest of the acreage 
has been sown in corn and beans and promises a big yield. This will 
be sold for the benefit of the Scout organization. The boys have been 
faithful and industrious, and are much interested in the looked-for 
result. The use of this same ground may be had for 1918. 

Margaret A. Rowe. 

Note — A yield of twelve bushels of potatoes to a planting of two 
bushels to a fourth of an acre is our best record. 



Mrs. Walter S. Brewster, • August 27, 1917. 

Lake Forest, Illinois. 
Dear Mrs. Brewster: Referring now to your letter of August 220I, 
to Mr. Nash, relative to some matter for publication in Bulletin of the 
Garden Club of America relative to the fund for the relief of French 
Fruit Growers being raised by the Horticultural Society of New York 
in co-operation with other bodies, I would say that Mr. Frederic R. 
Newbold, the Treasurer of the Horticultural Society of New York, 
has sent me data concerning the present status of this fund, which I 
I enclose you herewith. Our Committee believes that the publicity 
you can give this effort in Bulletin of the Garden Club of America will 
be very helpful. Yours respectfully, 

N. L. Brixton. 

Fund for the Relief of French Fruit Growers 

Contributions Received up to August 27, 191 7 

From members of the Horticultural Society of New York. . . $2,275 

Garden Club of Short Hills, New Jersey 5 

Garden Club of Lawrence, Long Island 25 

Albemarle Garden Club of Virginia 10 

Wyoming Valley Chapter of American Revolution 200 

Monmouth County Horticultural Society of New Jersey. ... 10 

Horticultural Society of Lenox, Massachusetts 200 

Total $2,725 

The Newport Garden Association is to contribute half the profits 
of an entertainment to be given later. 

The Short Hills Garden Club will give part of profits of their fall 
flower show. 

The National Flower Show Committee have given space for a 
booth at the National Show to be held at St. Louis in 1918. 

Several other garden clubs and horticultural societies have 
promised aid and are now organizing entertainments and exhibitions, 
the proceeds of which are to be given to this fund. 

The Nurserymen's Association of the United States are arranging 
to donate some 250,000 apple and fruit trees. 

The fund is to be distributed in France through the American 
Red Cross, in co-operation with the National French Horticultural 
Society, and a member of the Horticultural Society of New York is 
now in France and will make the detailed arrangements. 

The Committee of the Horticultural Society of New York in 
charge of this fund consists of T. A. Havemeyer, F. R. Newbold, and 
N. L. Britton. 



Notes 

The School of Agriculture at Ambler, Pennsylvania, has during the 
past summer, given two excellent short courses in practical horticulture 
for amateurs. A third Fall Course begins on September nth, con- 
tinuing for ten weeks until November 17th. The subjects for study 
include Flower Gardening, Fruit Growing, Vegetable Gardening, 
Bee-keeping, Canning and Preserving, and Poultry Work. There is 
also a class in elementary Landscape Gardening and Drafting which 
begins on September 14th. 

A Jam Kitchen also has been established where fruits, vegetables, 
honey, marmalade, pickles, etc., may be purchased. 

These courses have been designed especially to meet the present 
food emergency. Each course consists of lectures and practical work. 

The excellent report on Roadside Planting Laws presented at the 
Annual Meeting by the Garden Club of Montgomery and Delaware 
Counties and read by their president, Mrs. Hughes, was compiled by 
Mrs. Robert E. Griffith of Haverford and Mrs. Rodman L. Page of 
Bryn Mawr, assisted by Mr. Griffith. These ladies are members of 
Dr. Warthin's Committee and will give information in regard to the 
report to those who wish details. 

Mr. Lee R. Bonnewitz, of Van Wert, Ohio, who is an enthusiastic 
member of the Peony Society, has printed an interesting little pamphlet 
describing the Peony Show held in Philadelphia in June and telling of 
his success with some of the newer varieties. 

More seeds of Mrs. Verplanck's Asiatic Campanula will be ready 
to ship in September. These are 25 cents a packet and are sold for 
the benefit of the Arnold Arboretum. They may be had direct from 
Mrs. W. E. Verplanck, Mt. Gulian, Fishkill-on-Hudson, N. Y., or 
after November 1st, 112 Mercer St., Princeton, N. J. 

"According to news from France, out of 700 regular employees of 
the firm of MM. Vilmorin-Andrieux et Cie., Paris, 400 have been 
called up. Of these, so far as is known, 43 have been killed, five are 
dead of disease contracted on active service, 14 are reported missing, 
and 27 are prisoners; 49 have been awarded the Croix de Guerre. 
From the beginning of the war the firm has remitted to the family of 
each of the married men under arms 50 francs for the wife and 15 
francs for each child (monthly). The amount of assistance dis- 



tributed in this way is 13,000 francs monthly. A small gratuity of 
from 10 to 20 francs is made to each unmarried soldier on leave (three 
or four times in a year) when he comes home. The places of these 
400 employees are now filled by about a hundred over-age or very 
young assistants (13 to 18 years) and 150 women over and above those 
normally employed." 

Since the above note appeared in one of the English garden maga- 
zines, M. Phillippe de Vilmorin, head of this well-known firm has died 
of pneumonia contracted while on government business in England. 
He died for France no less than his many employees who have been 
killed at the front. His eldest son who is fourteen will be trained to 
continue his father's business, the fourth generation of de Vilmorin to 
occupy this honorable position. 

Lantern Slides of the Arnold Arboretum. 

The Arnold Arboretum has had prepared a series of a hundred 
colored lantern slides showing the most interesting and beautiful 
features of its interesting and beautiful collection. These slides 
should be of the greatest educational value and an excellent introduc- 
tion to a visit to this wonderful place. They are tabulated and 
arranged as lecture illustrations. They may be purchased for $1.00 
each or rented for five cents each. In the latter case, all damages are 
to be paid by the borrower. The slides will be sent, C. 0. D., to 
arrive two days before the date specified for use and are to be re- 
turned, prepaid, immediately after. Full particulars, as to subjects, 
plans for lectures, etc., may be had on application to the Arnold 
Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, Mass. 

Back Numbers of The Bulletin 

Many requests reach the Editor for old copies of The Bulletin 
and for extra copies of the current issue. All back numbers can be 
supplied except No. 14. All other issues are available for ten cents 
($0.10) each. For convenience, payment may be made in stamps. 

Garden Records 
The Garden Records adopted at the Fourth Annual Meeting 
may be had from the Editor at the following prices: 

Mr. Clarke's Plant and Seed Record, per 100. ... $1 . 50 
Mrs. Hibbard's 3 Year Garden Record, per 100 . . 1 . 50 
Binders containing 50 of each 3 . 50 



Loose Leaf Binders 

Binder with ioo filler sheets $2 .40 

Index 60 

Extra filler sheets 60 

The Bulletin can still supply a very few of these, but as the price 
is constantly increasing, the sale of Binders will be abandoned when 
the present supply is exhausted. 



MAPLEWILDE 
PEONY GARDENS 

YY/E offer a choice selection of 400 varieties of 
" PEONIES. We specialize in the introductions 
of Lemoine and Dessert of France and Kelway of 
England, and in the choicer new American varie- 
ties. We furnish strong, robust specimens, and the 
varieties are guaranteed true to name. 

LYMAN H. HOYSRADT - Pine Plains, N. Y. 


MR. ROBERT PYLE 

The well-known Garden Lecturer and Rosarian 
invites correspondence from garden lovers and 
societies. Subject — "Roses and Rose Gardens," 
illustrated with finely colored lantern slides. 
Address 

WEST GROVE, PA. 






Perennial Seeds 

from the famous gardens of MISS ELLEN WILLMOTT 
at Great Warley, England. 
A few packets of these have just been received and may 
be had from 

MRS. BAYARD HENRY 

Germantown, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Price 50c per packet List on application 


The Fatherless Children of France 

will need your help next winter more than ever 
before. $36.50 supports a child in the home of its 
mother for a year. "Adopt" a httle French orphan 
or form a committee and arrange to have many 
" adopted." 

All necessary information may be had from New 
York Headquarters. 665 FIFTH AVENUE, or from 

MRS. WALTER S. BREWSTER 
Lake Forest Illinois 






Short Hills Garden Club 

Ninth Annual Dahlia Show 

at the Short Hills Club, Short Hills, N. J. Pro- 
ceeds to be donated to the Short Hills Branch of 
the American Red Cross, Wednesday, October 3, 
1917, from 2 until 7 P.M. 

Admission, 50 cents Children under 12, 25 cents 


AN IDEAL CHRISTMAS PRESENT 
COLOR STANDARDS AND COLOR 
NOMENCLATURE By Robert Ridgeway 
An authoritative work for the standardization of colors and 
color names. Adopted by Botanists and Naturalists and 
many industries throughout the world. Specially useful for 
Florists, Nurserymen and Garden Clubs. 
Illustrated by 53 plates, containing 1115 named hand- 
painted colors, arranged according to a system which pro- 
vides for the easy designation of intermediate hues, shades 
and tints, thereby practically increasing the number of color 
samples to more than 4,000. Price, $8. 10, postage prepaid. 

Published by MRS. J. EVELYN RIDGEWAY 
Obey. Illinoi R. F, D. No. 7 



In writing to Advertisers kindly refer to 
Vhe Bulletin 



Farr's Hardy Plant Specialties 

The most complete collection of Peonies, Irises, 
Phloxes, Delphiniums, etc., also Lemoine's new 
Lilacs, Philadelphus and Deutzias and other 
new and rare hardy shrubs and plants. 

BERTRAND H. FARR 

WYOMISSING NURSERIES CO. 

118 GARFIELD AVE. WYOMISSING, PA. 

American-Grown Evergreens 

For September Planting — Our ability to supply 
plants of the highest quality is not curtailed by 
the stoppage of foreign shipments. Buy nursery 
stock grown at Andorra. 

Andorra Nurseries, Wm " J™l£ aTper - 

" Suggestions for Effective Planting" on request 
Box Chestnut Hill Philadelphia, Pa. 

Moon's Hardy Trees and Plants 

for Every Place and Purpose 

THE WM. H. MOON COMPANY 

Nurserymen 

MORRISVILLE, PA. 

2200 Varieties 500 Acres 

Established 43 Years 

WILD PLANTS 

Gaining in popularity by bounds. Why ? Right here and 
ready for you. Require minimum of care. Few diseases to 
cope with, they are constituted to fight their own way. All 
colors and seasons, heights, etc., to produce the desired effect, 
and they ' Stay put." Our new list names hundreds of 
them. Cypripedium, Dicentras, Phloxes, Lilies, Trilliums, 
Mertensia, Erythronium and Hepaticas, Fems, Shrubs and 
Vines are among the many listed. 

HOPED ALE NURSERIES -:- Hopedale, 111. 

\Y/E can make your grounds more beautiful. 
* * Peonies that are the choicest in the entire world. 
Selected Iris, Phlox, and Hardy Garden Perennials. 
Large Specimen Evergreens and Shade Trees. 
Ornamental Shrubs in excellent variety. When in 
want of anything extra nice write to us. 

CHERRY HILL NURSERIES 

(T. C. Thurlow's Sons, Inc.) 
WEST NEWBURY MASSACHUSETTS 

CARTER'S BULBS 

STUDY the new Carter Bulb Book for 1917. This 
Catalogue contains many wonderful and inter- 
esting photographs of the best Spring - flowering 
bulbs besides giving complete detail cultural direc- 
tions for the same. If interested in our offer, send 
your request for a copy of Carter's 1917 Bulb Book. 

CARTER'S TESTED SEEDS, Inc. 

102-106 Chamber of Commerce Bldg., Boston, Mass. 



HOLLAND BULBS and 
HARDY PERENNIALS 

of high quality and choicest varieties for 
Fall Planting. 

Let us send a catalogue 

FRANKEN BROTHERS 

Box 520 DEERFIELD, ILLINOIS 

GEORGE C WOOLSON 

SPECIALIST IN 

ALPINE, BOG AND HERBACEOUS 

PERENNIALS, BULBS AND 

RARE NATIVE PLANTS 

More than 3000 Species growing at 
HASTINGS-ON-HUDSON NEW YOR K 

The Best of Everything in 

Seeds, Plants and Bulbs 

Autumn Catalogue now ready 
Write for a copy 

HENRY A. DREER 

714-716 Chestnut St. PHILADELPHIA, PA. 

FALL PLANTING 

To grow most Hardy Perennials and Old Fashioned 
Flowers successfully, PLANT in OCTOBER and NO- 
VEMBER like Spring flowering bulbs. They then root 
during Fall and Winter, and are ready for Spring and 
Summer blooming. No grounds are really gardened with- 
out a big showing in perennials. We are headquarters for 
perennials and assure the widest latitude in choice, as well 
as the most courteous promptitude in correspondence and 
service. Our motto — Maximum Quality at Minimum Cost. 
Write R. W. CLUCAS, Manager. 

THE PALISADES NURSERY, Sparkill, N. Y. 

Woodmont Quality 

Trees, Evergreens, Shrubs, Vines, Roses, Herba- 
ceous Plants, Bulbs, Etc. 



* 



THE ELM CITY NURSERY CO. 

Woodmont Nurseries, Inc. ^^» 

New Haven Connecticut 



NEW ORCHID-FLOWERED 

/PA N S I E S 

Delightful shades of pink, veined and blotched, 
yellows, and delicate pastel shades. Five packets, 
5 distinct kinds, 50c (postpaid). VAUGHAN'S 
INTERNATIONAL PANS1ES. the best that expert 
growers can produce. Per packet 25c; 5 packets, $1 . 

VAUGHAN'S SEED STORE 

CHICAGO (Fall Catalogue read))) NEW YORK 



All advertisements endorsed by members of the GARDEN CLUB OF AMERIC 
In writing to Advertisers Irindiy refer to the Bulletin 



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