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\i ^ «. "4tii. iS 



Satbatt aollege Itbtani 



FROM THE 

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 



1 



I 



i,C)X>c¥4( 



SMrfflSOiJiAN iNSTlTtmoN 
UlMIXED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM 
Bulletin 92 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC INDEX OF AMERICAN 
OROOVICIAN AND SILURIAN 
FOSSILS 



RAY S. BASSLER 
Curator of J'ahonlology, Unilei StaUi National Mul 



SMITHSONIAN mSTTTUTION 

UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM 

Bulletin 92 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC INDEX OF AMERICAN 
OR-DOVICIAN AND SILURIAN 
FOSSILS 



RAY S. BASSLER 
CuraUrr aj PaUoitlt)l«gy, Uniltd Slattt NaUonal Miueum 



GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 



i Got^ 14(^^1 ,1^ 

Harvard College Library 
Dec. 16, 1916 
^ From the 

2-3^7 *-X United States Qovemxnent. 



BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Issued Novembeb 1, 1915 



\iN -e '-'^ 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Page. 

Bibliog;nq>hic list of gen^a and spedes 719 

Index erf specific names 1343 

Biological classification of genera 1407 

Alphabetical list of genera 1429 

Fiumal lists of American Ozarkian to lowest Helderbeigian 1441 

Oiarkian faunas: 

Ozarkian of upper Mississippi Valley 1441 

Ozarkian of middle Appalachian Valley 1441 

Ozarkian (Little Falls) of New York 1441 

Ozarkian? (erratics in Levis), Point Levis, Quebec 1441 

fi«TM>HHiTi ^unas: 

Canadian of the Appalachian region 1442 

Canadian of Mississippi Valley and western North America 1444 

Canadian (Levis and Sillery) of Quebec 1445 

Canadian (Bretonian) of Cape Breton and New Brunswick 1446 

Canadian (Deepkill) of eastern New York 1446 

Omadian (Schaghticoke) of eastern New York 1447 

Canadian (Romaine) of Mingan Islands, Quebec 1447 

Canadian (Quebec) of Newfoundland 1447 

Ordovidan faunas: 

St. Peter sandstone of Mississippi Valley 1448 

Chazyan of Champlain and Ottawa Valleys 1448 

Chazyan (Lenoir) of Virginia and Tennessee 1449 

Chazyan (Stones River) of Appalachian and Mississippi Valleys 1450 

Chazyan (Ottoeee) of Appalachian Valley in Virginia and Tennessee. . 1450 
Qiazyan (Normanskill, etc.) of Appalachian Valley, Arkansas, and 

Oklahoma 1451 

Chazyan (Mingan) of Mingan Islands, Quebec 1451 

Chazyan (Quebec) of Newfoundland 1452 

Black River of Appalachian and Mississippi Valleys and Canada 1452 

Black River or Richmond of Manitoba 1458 

Pogonip of Nevada 1458 

Trenton of Canada, New York, etc., and Ohio Valley 1459 

Trenton (Prosser) of upper Mississippi Valley 1465 

Trenton (Stewartville) of upper Mississippi Valley 1467 

Trenton (Curdsville) of Ohio Valley and Canada 1467 

Trenton (Rysedorph conglomerate) of eastern New York 1468 

Trenton (Snake Hill) of eastern New York 1468 

Trenton (Schenectady) of east central New York 1469 

Trenton (Macasty) of Anticosti Island, Quebec 1469 

Mdiawkian (Jacksonburg) of New Jersey. 1469 

Mohawkian of Baffin Land 1470 

Cindnnatian (Utica) of New York, etc 1470 

Cincinnatian (Eden) of Appalachian and Ohio Valleys 1470 

Cindnnatian (Maysville) of Ohio Valley, New York, and Canada 1472 

Ordovidan of South America 1476 

Ordovidan (miscellaneous) 1476 

zu 



IV TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

Silurian faunas: 

Richmond of areas adjacent to Cincinnati Axis 1476 

Richmond (Maquoketa) of upper Mississippi Valley 1479 

Richmond (Femvale) of Illinois, Tennessee, Missouri, Arkansas, and 

Oklahoma 1480 

Richmond of Island of Anticosti, Quebec 1481 

Richmond (Gamachian — ^Ellis Bay) Island of Anticosti, Quebec 1482 

Richmond (miscellaneous) 1482 

Upper Medinan (Girardeau) of Missouri and Illinois 1483 

Upper Medinan (Edgewood) of Illinois and Missouri 1483 

Upper Medinan (Channahon) of Illinois 1484 

Upper Medinan (Brassfield) of Kentucky, Ohio, etc 1484 

Upper Medinan of New York, New Jersey, etc 1485 

Upper Medinan (Cataract) of Ontario 1485 

Lower Clinton of New York and Appalachian Valley 1486 

Upper Clinton of New York, Appalachian and Ohio Valleys 1487 

Clinton of eastern Kentucky 1488 

* * Niagara dolomite * * (Rochester), Hamilton, Ontario 1489 

Anticostian, Island of Anticosti, Quebec : 1490 

Niaganui (Laurel) of Indiana, Kentucky, and Tennessee 1491 

Niagaran ( Waldron) of Indiana, Kentucky, and Tennessee 1492 

Niagaran (Louisville) of Kentucky and Indiana 1493 

Niagaran (Brownsport) of west Tennessee 1495 

Upper Niagaran of New York, Ontario, and Wisconsin 1496 

Niagaran (Racine) of Illinois and Wisconsin 1497 

Niagaran (Waukesha) of Wisconsin 1501 

Niaganui of Lake Huron region 1501 

Niagaran (miscellaneous horizons) 1501 

Niagaran of northern Indiana 1502 

Arisaig of Nova Scotia 1503 

Niagaran of Arctic America 1504 

Silurian of Maine 1505 

Silurian (Nova Scotia, etc.) 1505 

Cayugan (Kokomo) of Indiana 1506 

Cayugan of Appalachian Valley, New York and Ontario 1506 

Silurian of South America 1507 

Lower Monroan of Michigan, Ohio, and Ontario 1507 

Upper Monroan (Helderbergian?) of Michigan and Ontario 1507 

Helderbergian (Lower Beds) of Appalachian Valley 1508 

List of American Ordovician and Silurian formations 1511 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC INDEX OF AMERICAN ORDO- 
VICIAN AND SILURIAN FOSSILS. 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC LIST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 



IICHAS Dalman. Genotype: Entomostracites laciniatus Wahlenbeig. 

lichtt Dalman, Sven. Vet. Akad. Handl. for 1826, 1827, p. 278.— Beyrich, Ueber 
dmge bohmiBchen Tril., 1845, p. 24. — Bell and Forbes in Burmeister's Oig. 
TriL, London, Suppl. App., 1846, p. 126.— Hawle and Corda, Abh. d. k. bohm. 
Gesell. d. Wias., 5, 1847 (extract), p. 141, pi. 7, fig. 76.— Barrande, Neueo 
Jilirb. f. Min., etc., 1850, p. 777.— HaU, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 311.— 
Barrande, Syst. Sil. du Centre Boheme, 1, 1852, p. 582.— McCoy, British Pal. 
KockB Fossils, 1854, p. 160.— Hctet, Traits de Pal., 2d ed., 2, 1854, p. 506.— 
Nieezkowski, Archiv. f. Naturk. Liv-, Ehst-u. Kurl., Istser., 1,1857, p. 565. — 
Malaise, Deec. Terr. Sil. du Centre de la Belgique, 1873, p. 82. — Steinhardt, 
Beit. z. Naturk. Preus. Phys.-Oekon. Gesell., Konigsberg, 1874, p. 27. — 
Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 127. — ^Lindstrom, Ofv. K. Vet.- 
Akad. Forh., 1885, p. 56. — Schmidt, Mem. TAcad. Imp. Sd. St. Petersburg, 
7tii8er., 33, 1885, p.5.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1885, p. 623.— Lindstrom, Ofvers 
KongJ. Vet.-Akad. Forh., 42, No. 6, 1885, p. 56.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New 
Ywk, 7, 1888, p. xxxvi.— Wliidbome, Mon. Devonian Fauna South England, 
1, Pal. 8oc., 1889, p. 15.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 553.— Clarke, Geol. 
Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 751. — Beecher, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 3, 
1897, p. 104, pi. 3, fig. 22; Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1900, p. 632.— Grabau, 
Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 224; BuU. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 
7, 1901, p. 224.— Lindstrom, Kongl. Sven. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 34, 1901, p. 59.— 
Gurich, Neuee Jahrb. Min., Geol. Pal., 14, Beilage-Band, 1901, pp. 520, 526.— 
Jaekel, Zeits. geol. Gesell., 53, 1901, p. 149. — Beed, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. 
London, 58, 1902, pp. 59, 61.— Kaymond, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, 
p. 721. 
Observation. — ^Most of the above citations refer to Lichas in a broad sense. 

LiCHAa (HopLoucHAs) BicoBNis Ulrich. See Amphilichas bicbmis. 

LiCHAS (Platthftopus) BICOBNIS Clarke. See Amphilichas bicomis. 

JjucBAB BOLTONi Meek and Worthen. See Arctinurus occidentalis. 

Lichas boltini Hall. See Arctiniurus nereus. 

UcHAs BOLTONI var. oociDBNTALis Hall. Soo Arctinurus occidentalis 

Lichas breviceps Hall (1863). See Metopolichas breviceps. 

Lichas breviceps Hall (1865). See Dicranopeltis decipiens. 

Lichas breviceps Foerste. See Metopolichas breviceps clintonensis. 

Lichas btbnesakus Miller and Gurley. See Corydocephalus bymesanus. 

719 



SMrmsoNlAN msTrnmoN 

UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM 

Bulletin 93 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC INDEX OF AMERICAN 
ORDOVICIAN AND SILURIAN 
FOSSILS 



RAY S. BASSLEE 
CttTotor of Paltontology, UntUd Stale* National Micieum 



^^^.Hu^iiie* 



Harvard College Library 
Dec. 16, 1916 
^ From the 

i, 3 2 y ^J^ United States Gtovemznent. 



BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Issued Novembeb 1, 1915 



m 






TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Pagt. 

BiUkgraphic list of genera and spedes 719 

Index of specific names 1343 

Biological classification of genera 1407 

Ali^betical list of genera 1429 

Fannal lists of American Ozarkian to lowest Helderbergian 1441 

Ozarkian founas: 

Ozarkian of upper Mississippi Valley 1441 

Ozarkian of middle Appalachian Valley 1441 

Ozarkian (Little Falls) of New York 1441 

Ozarkian? (erratics in Levis), Point Levis, Quebec 1441 

Canadian faunas: 

Canadian of the Appalachian region 1442 

Canadian of MissisBippi Valley and western North America 1444 

Canadian (Levis and Sillery) of Quebec 1445 

Canadian (Bretonian) of Cape Breton and New Brunswick 1446 

Canadian (Deepkill) of eastern New York 1446 

Canadian (Schaghticoke) of eastern New York 1447 

Canadian (Romaine) of Mingan Islands, Quebec 1447 

Canadian (Quebec) of Newfoundland 1447 

Ordovidan faunas: 

St. Peter sandstone of Mississippi Valley 1448 

Chazyan of Champlain and Ottawa Valleys 1448 

Chazyan (Lenoir) of Virgima and Tennessee 1449 

Chazyan (Stones Biver) of Appalachian and Mississippi Valleys 1450 

Chazyan (Ottoeee) of Appalachian Valley in Virginia and Tennessee. . 1450 
Chazyan (Normanskill, etc.) of Appalachian Valley, Arkansas, and 

Oklahoma 1451 

Chazyan (Mingan) of Mingan Islands, Quebec 1451 

Chazyan (Quebec) of Newfoundland 1452 

Black River of Appalachian and Mississippi Valleys and Canada 1452 

Black Biver or Richmond of Manitoba 1458 

Pogonipof Nevada 1458 

Trenton of Canada, New York, etc., and Ohio Valley 1459 

Trenton (Prosser) of upper Mississippi Valley 1465 

Trenton (Stewartville) of upper Mississippi Valley 1467 

Trenton (Curdsville) of Ohio Valley and Canada 1467 

TrenUm (Rysedorph conglomerate) of eastern New York 1468 

Trenton (Snake Hill ) of eastern New York 1468 

Trenton (Schenectady) of east central New York 1469 

Trenton (Macasty) of Anticosti Island, Quebec 1469 

Mohawkian (Jacksonburg) of New Jersey. 1469 

Mohawkian of Baffin Land 1470 

Cindnnatian (Utica) of New York, etc 1470 

Cincinnatian (Eden) of Appalachian and Ohio Valleys 1470 

Cindnnatian (Maysville) of Ohio Valley, New York, and Canada 1472 

Ordovidan of South America 1476 

Ordovidan (miscellaneous) 1476 

ni 



IV TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

Sflmian faunas: Page. 

Richmond of areas adjacent to Cincinnati Axis 1476 

Richmond (Maquoketa) of upper Mississippi Valley 1479 

Richmond (Femvale) of Illinois, Tennessee, Missouri, Arkansas, and 

Oklahoma 1480 

Richmond of Island of Anticosti, Quebec 1481 

Richmond (Gamachian — ^Ellis Bay) Island of Anticosti, Quebec 1482 

Richmond (miscellaneous) 1482 

Upper Medinan (Girardeau) of Missouri and Illinois 1483 

Upper Medinan (Edgewood) of Illinois and Missouri 1483 

Upper Medinan (Channahon) of Illinois 1484 

Upper Medinan (Brassfield) of Kentucky, Ohio, etc 1484 

Upper Medinan of New York, New Jersey, etc 1485 

Upper Medinan (Cataract) of Ontario 1485 

Lower Clinton of New York and Appalachian Valley 1486 

Upper Ginton of New York, Appalachian and Ohio Valleys 1487 

Ginton of eastern Kentucky 1489 

" Niagara dolomite ** (Rochester), Hamilton, Ontario 1489 

Anticostian, Island of Anticosti, Quebec •. 1490 

Niagaran (Laurel) of Indiana, Kentucky, and Tennessee 1491 

Niagaran ( Waldron) of Indiana, Kentucky, and Tennessee 1492 

Niagaran (Louisville) of Kentucky and Indiana 1493 

Niagaran (Brownsport) of west Tennessee 1495 

Upper Niagaran of New York, Ontario, and Wisconsin 1496 

Niagaran (Racine) of Illinois and Wisconsin 1497 

Niagaran (Waukesha) of Wisconsin 1501 

Niagaran of Lake Huron region 1501 

Niagaran (miscellaneous horizons) 1501 

Niagaran of northern Indiana 1502 

Arisaig of Nova Scotia 1503 

Niagaran of Arctic America 1504 

Silurian of Maine 1505 

Silurian (Nova Scotia, etc.) 1505 

Cayugan (Kokomo) of Indiana 1506 

Cayugan of Appalachian Valley, New York and Ontario 1506 

Silurian of South America 1507 

Lower Monroan of Michigan, Ohio, and Ontario 1507 

Upper Monroan (Helderbergian?) of Michigan and Ontario 1507 

Helderbergian (Lower Beds) of Appalachian Valley 1508 

List of American Ordovician and Silurian formations 1511 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC INDEX OF AMERICAN ORDO- 
VICIAN AND SILURIAN FOSSILS. 



BIBLIOGRAPfflO LIST OP GENERA AND SPECIES. 



UCHAS Dalman. Genotype: Entomostracitee laciniatus Wahlenberg. 

lichas Dalman, 8ven. Vet. Akad. Handl. for 1826, 1827, p. 278.— Beyrich, Ueber 
einige bohmischen Tril., 1845, p. 24. — Bell and Forbes in BnrmeiBter's Org. 
Tril., London, Snppl. App., 1846, p. 126.— Hawle and Corda, Abh. d. k. bohm. 
GeeelL d. WIbb., 6, 1847 (extract), p. 141, pi. 7, fig. 76.— Barrande, Neuea 
Jahrb. f. Min., etc., 1850, p. 777.— Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 311.— 
Banande, Syst. Sil. du Centre Boheme, 1, 1852, p. 582.— McCoy, Britiah Pal. 
Rocks Foesils, 1854, p. 190.— Fictet, Traits de Pal., 2d ed., 2, 1854, p. 606.— 
NieszkowBki, Archiv. f. Naturk. Liv-, £hst-u. Eurl., Istser., 1,1857, p. 565. — 
Malaise, Desc. Terr. 811. du Centre de la Belgique, 1873, p. 82. — Steinhardt, 
Beit. z. Naturk. Preus. Phys.-Oekon. Gesell., Eonigsberg, 1874, p. 27. — 
Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 127.— Lindstrom, Ofv. K. Vet.- 
Akad. Forb., 1885, p. 56.— Schmidt, Mem. TAcad. Imp. Sd. St. Petersburg, 
7th8er., 33, 1885, p.5.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1885, p. 623.— Lindstrom, Ofvers 
Kongl. Vet.-Akad. Forh., 42, No. 6, 1885, p. 56.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New 
York, 7, 1888, p. xxxvi.— Wliidbome, Mon. Devonian Fauna South England, 
1, Pal. Soc., 1889, p. 15.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 553.— Clarke, Geol. 
Minneaota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 751. — Beecher, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 3, 
1897, p. 104, pi. 3, fig. 22; Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1900, p. 632.— Orabau, 
Bull. New Yoric SUte Mus., 45, 1901, p. 224; Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 
7, 1901, p. 224.— Lindstrom, Kongl. Sven. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 34, 1901, p. 59.— 
Gurich, Neues Jahrb. Min., Geol. Pal., 14, Bellage-Band, 1901, pp. 520, 526.— 
Jaekel, Zeits. geol. Gesell., 53, 1901, p. 149.— Beed, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. 
London, 58, 1902, pp. 59, 61.— Baymond, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, 
p. 721. 
Observation. — Most of the above citations refer to Lichas in a broad sense. 

Lichas (Hoplouchas) bicornis Ulrich. See Amphilichas bicbmis. 

Lichas (Platthbtopus) bicobkis Clarke. See Amphilichas bicornis. 

Llchab boltoni Meek and Worthen. See Arctinurus occidentalis. 

Lichas boltini Hall. See Arctinurus nereus. 

Lichas boltoki var. occidbntaxis Hall. See Arctinurus occidentalis 

Lichas breviceps Hall (1863). See Metopolichas breviceps. 

Lichas breviceps Hall (1865). See Dicranopeltis decipiens. 

Lichas breviceps Foerste. See Metopolichas breviceps clintonensis. 

Lichas btrneeanus Miller and Gurley. See Corydocephalus bjrmesanus. 

719 



720 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Ltchas canadensis Billings. 

Lichas Canadensis Billings, Cat. Sil. Fobs. Anticostl, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 65, fig. 22. 
Anticostian (Gun Eiver): Eaat Point, Anticoeti. 

LiCHAB CHAMPLAINEN6I8 Whitfield. See Amphilichas minganensis. 

LiCHAS (Conouchab) oornutus Clarke. See Conolichas comutus. 

Lichas gucullus Meek and Worthen. See Amphilichas cucullns. 

LiCHAS DBCiPiENS Winchell and Marcy. See Dicranopeltis decipien& 

LiCHAS EMABOiNATUS Hall. See Dicranopeltis decipiens. 

LiOHAS FABBRi Miller. See Amphilichas halli. 

Lichas halli Foerste. See Amphilichas halli. 

Lichas hanovebensis Miller and Gurley. See Corydocephalus phlyctainoides. 

Lichas habrisi Miller. See Arctiniims harrisi. 

Lichas jxtxesh Billings. See Amphilichas juked. 

Lichas MmoANENSis Billings. See Amphilichas minganensis. 

Lichas nereus Hall. See'Arctinunis nereus. 

Lichas (Oncholichas) obyia Schmidt. See Arctinurus ohvius. 

Lichas obyius Hall. See Arctinurus obvius. 

Lichas pauuanus Miller. See Corydocephalus wesenbergensis paulianus. 

Lichas fhltciainoidbs Foerste. See Corydocephalus phlyctainoides. 

Lichas (Dicranogmtts) ftyokurus Hall and Clarke. See Corydocephalus ptyo- 
nurus. 

Lichas puonaz Winchell and Marcy. See Metopolichas pugnax. 

Lichas (Hoplolichas) robbinsi Ulrich. See Amphilichas robbinsi. 

Lichas trentonbnsis Hall. See Amphilichas trentonensis. 

Lichas (Arges) wbsbnberobnsis var. paulianus Clarke. See Corydocephalus 
wesenbergensis paulianus. 

UCHENALIA Hall. Genotype: L. concentrica Hall. 

Lichenalia Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1862, p. 171; Amer. Jour. Sci., 2d ser., 11, 
1851, p. 401.— Bassler, Bull. 173, U. S. Geol Surv., 1900, pp. 54, 299.— Grabau, 
BuU. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 176; BuU. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 
1901, p. 176.; Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 60.— Grabau and Shimer, 
N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 165.— Bassler, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 77, 1911, 
p. 166; Zittel-Eastman Texb. Pal., 1913, p. 347. 

LiCHEKAUA Hall and Simpson. See Fistulipora McCoy. 

LiGHBNAiiA? caltcula Jamos. See Aspidopora calycula. 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC UST OF GEl^RA AND SPECIES. 721 

UehenmUa eoneentrtcft Hall. 

lidkenalia concentiica Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 171, pi. 40e, figs. 6a-g.— 
Grabau, Biill. New York State Mub., 45, 1901, p. 176, fig. 79; Bull. Buffalo 
Sec. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 176, fig. 79.— Baesler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 
1906, p. 61, pi. 22, figs. 1-6; pi. 26, figa. 7-10; Bull. U. S. Nat. Mub., 77, 1911, 
p. 168, fig, 84. 

Qibicala corrugata Hall, Nat. Hist. New York, Geol., 4, 1843, p. 108, fig. 3; p. 109; 
tab. ill. 15, fig. 3. 

Oania corrugata Ledey, Geol. Surv. Pezmsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 153, figs. 

dintoii (Rocheeter): Lockport, Rocheeter, etc.. New York; Grimsby, Hamilton, 
etc., Ontario. 

Eariy Silurian (Borkholm): Borkhotm, Esthonia, Russia. 

Pfcii^fpe.— €at. No. 35775, U.S.N.M. 

Lkhsnaua conoxktrica of authors. See Fistulipora neglecta. 

LiCRKNAUA coNCBNTRicA var. MACUIATA Hall. Soo Fistulipora neglecta maculata. 

LiCHEKALiA CONCBNTRICA var. PABYTTiA Hall. Soo FlstuHpora halli. 

IICHSNARIA Winchell and Schuchert. 

Genotype: L. typa Winchell and Schuchert. 
lichenaria Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 1, 1895, p. 83 (extras, 
1893). 

UelienftrU minor Ulrich. 

Lichenaria minor Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 1, 1895, p. 84, fig. 5. 
Trenton (Prosser): Near Cannon Falls, Minnesota, 
flbio^pe.— Cat. No. 42950, U.S.N.M. 

Uehenmrlm typa Winchell and Schuchert. 

lichenaria typa Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 1, 1895, p. 83, 

pi. G, figs. 10-13.— &rdeson, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 8, 1890, pp. 101, 102, 

fi^ 1-4. 
Black River: Minneapolis, Minnesota (Decorah); Pauquette's Rapids, Ottawa 

River, Canada (Leray). 

UCHSNOCEINUS Hall. Genotype: L. dyeri Hall, 

lichenocrinus Hall, 24th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1872, p. 216 (adv. 
sheets 1866, p. 9).— Meek, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 8, 1871, p. 341; 
ibid., 9, 1872, p. 247; Amer. Jour. Sci., 3d ser., 2, 1871, p. 299; ibid., 3, 1872, 
pp. 16, 261; Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 1, 1873, pp. 44-61.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 
1, 1879, p. 424.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 258.— Sardeson, Amer. 
Geol., 24, 1899, p. 275. — Bather, Treatise on Zool., pt. 3, Echinoderma, 
London, 1900, p. 77. — Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 
1908, p. 714. 

UdMiioeriiiiis afflnls Miller. 

Lichenocrinus afl&nis Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 6, 1882, p. 229, pi. 
9, figs, 7, 7a.— Schuchert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 22, 1900, p. 156.— Foerete, 
Bun. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 478, pi. 2, fig. 6. 

Richmond (Waynesville): Warren and Clinton Coimties, Ohio. 

Tlldiawkian: Baffin Land. 

UdMiioeriiiiis eratertformls Hall. 

lidienocrinus crateriformis Hall, 24th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 
1872, p. 217, pi. 7, fig. 7 (adv. sheets, 1866, p. 9, and 1871, pi. 3, fig. 7).— 
Meek, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 1, 1873, p. 51, pi. 3, figs, la-t.— Billings, Trans. 
Ottawa Field Nat. Club., 1, 1881, p. 34.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. 
GeoL Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 728, pi. 4, figs. 12, 12b; pi. 3, fig. 2. 
Eden (Southgate-McMicken): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 



722 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Ltchenocrlnus dublus Miller. ' 

LichenocrinuB dubius Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 3, 1880, p. 234, 

pi. 7, figs. 5, 5a. 
Eden (Economy): Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Observation. — ^Probably the same as L. crateriformis Hall. 

Llchenocrinus dyerl Hall. 

lichenocrinus dyeri Hall, 24th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1872, p. 
216, pi. 7, figs. 1-6 (adv. sheets, 1866, p. 9, and 1871, pi. 3, figs. 1-6).— Meek, 
Amer. Jour. Sci., 3d ser., 3, p. 15; Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 1, p. 51, pi. 3, figs, 2, 
p. 46.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 729, 
pi. 4, fig. 5. 
Maysville (Corryville): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

Llchenocrinus pattersoni Miller. 

Lichenocrinus pattersoni Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist.,. 2, 1879, p. 118, 
pi. 10, figs. 6, 6a. — Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 
1908, p. 729, pi. 4, figs. 4, 4a. 
Trenton (Upper): Covington, Kentucky. 

Llchenocrinus subflequalis Foerste. 

Lichenocrinus subsequalis Foerste, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 21, 1914, p. 
125, pi. 1, fig. 10; Bull. Sci. Lab. Denieon Univ., 17, 1914, p. 478, pi. 2, fig. 6. 
Trenton (Upper): Near Rogers Gap, Kentucky. 

Lichenocrinus tuberculatus Miller. 

Lichenocrinus tuberculatus Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sd., 1, 1874, p. 346, 

fig. 38; Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 229, pi. 9, figs. 6, 6a.; 

N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 258, fig. 351.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. 

Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 730, pi. 4, fig. 3. 
Richmond (Whitewater): Richmond, etc., Indiana; Clarksville, etc., Ohio. 

LICROPHTCUS Billings. Genotype: L. ottawaense Billings. 

Licrophycus Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 99 (adv. sheets, 
1862).— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 125. 

Licrophycus flabellum Miller and Dyer. 

Licrophycus flabellum Miller and Dyer, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 

1878, p. 25, pi. 2, fig. 4.-nJame8, ibid., 14, 1892, p. 161. 
InocauHs flabellum James, ibid., 7, 1884, p. 164, pi. 9, fig. 8. — Ruedemann, Mem. 

New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, p. 191. 
Maysville (0>rryville): Lebanon and Bantam, Ohio. 

Licrophycus formosum Billings. 

Licrophycus formosus Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosd, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 72. 
Richmond (English Head): English Head, Anticosti. 

Licrophycus hiltonense Billings. 

Licrophycus hUtonensis Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 101 

(adv. sheets, 1862). 
Black River: Near Hilton, St. Joseph Island, Lake Huron. 

Licrophycus hudsonicum Billings. 

Licrophycus hudsonicus Billings, Pal. Foes., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 101 

(adv. sheets, 1862). 
Richmond: Manitouwaning Bay, Lake Huron. 

Licrophycus minor Billings. 

Licrophycus minor Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 100, fig. 88 

(adv. sheets, 1862). 
Trenton: Ottawa, Ontario. 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC LIST OP GENEKA AND SPECIES. 723 

Uerophjens ottawaense Billings. 

Licrophycufl ottawaensia Billings, Pal. Foes., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 99, 

fig. 87 (adv. sheets, 1862).— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 

3, 1897, p. 239 (loc. occ.). 
licrophycus ottawense Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 125, fig. 49. 
Trenton: Ottawa, Peterboro, Belleville, and Lake Winnipeg, Canada. 

Uerophycus robustum Billings. 

Licrophycusrobustus BiUings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticostiy Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 72. 
Richmond (En^ish Head): English Head, Anticoeti. 

LiCBOPHTCUs BUCCULENS BilUngs. See Buthotrephis succulens. 

Ucrophycas ragans Billings. 

licrophycus vagans Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 72. ' 
Richmond: Near West End Lighthouse, Anticosti. 

TjiffARTA Steininger. See Coenites Eichwald. 

limaria tennessese Trooet. Not recognized, 

limaria Tennessese Troost, 6th Geol. Rep. Tennessee, 1841, p. 18. 
Niagaian: Brownsport, Tennessee. 

LDIOPTEBA Hall. Genotype: L. macroptera Conrad. 

Limoptera Hall, Prelim. Notice Lam., pt. 2, 1869, p. 15; 1st Rep. State Geol. 
New Y(Mrk, 1884, p. 13; Pal. New York, 5, pt. 1, Lam. 1, 1884, p. 13; 35th 
Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 1884, p. 406c.— Nettehoth, Kentucky 
Foss. SheUs, Geol. Surv. Kentucky, 1889, p. 197.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 
1889, p. 486.— Koken, Die Leitfoesilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 187. 

limoptera llm»foniils (Hall). 

Avicula lima&formis Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 332, pi. 75, fig. 6a-<. 
Limoptera? limsefonnis Clarke and Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 65, 

1903, p. 423 (gen. ref.). 
Cayugan (Cobleskill): Schoharie, New York. 

UXDSTROMIA Nicholson and Thomson. 

Genotype: L. columnaris Nicholson and Thomson. 

Lindetr5mia Nicholson and Thomson, Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, 9, 1876, p. 150. — 
Nicholson and Etheridge, Mon. Sil. Foss. Girvan Dist., 1878, p. 80. — Roemer, 
Leth. geog., pt. 1, Leth. Pal., 1883, p. 395.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, 
p. 194. — ^Frech, PaUeontographica, 37, 1890, p. 81. — Koken, Die Leitfossilien, 
Leipzig, 1896, p. 312.— Pocta, Syst. Sil. du Centre Boheme, 39, pt. 2, 1902, 
p. 182. 

Eionelasma Simpson, Bull. New Y(vk State Mus., 39, 1900, p. 207. (Crenotype: 
Streptelasma mammiferum Hall.) 

UnilstrOmlal eolumellata (Hall). 

Cyathaxonia columellata Hall, 35th Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 1884, 

p. 415 (extras, 1882, p. 11). 
Kiagaran (Racine): Racine, Wisconsin. 

Undstrdmla galnesl (Davis). 

Cyathaxonia gainesi Davis, Kentucky Fossil Corals, Geol. Surv. Kentucky, pt. 2, 

1885, pi. 104, figs, 1-6. 
lindstrcemia gainesi Foerste, Bull. Kentucky Geol. Surv., 7, 1906, p. 311 (gen. 

ref.). 



724 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM* 

Llndstrtfmlft galnesi — Continued. 

Eionelasma gaineei Simpeon, Bull. New York State Mus., S9, 1900, p. 208 (gen. 

ref.). 
Upper Medinan (Braasfield): Near Louisville, Kentucky. 

Llndstrtfmla? herzerl (Hall). 

Cyathaxonia herzeri Hall, I2th Ann. Hep. Indiana Dep. Oeol. Nat. Hist., 1883, 
p. 275, pi. 15, fig. 14; 35th Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 1884, p. 
416 (ext. 1882, p. 12).— Lesley, Rep. Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, P 4, 1889, 
p. 165, fig.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 180, fig. 159. 

Kionelasma herzeri Simpson, Bull. New York State Mus., 39, 1900, p. 208, fig. 25* 

Niagaran (Louisville): Louisville, Kentucky. 

Llndstrtfmlft llngullfera Foerste. 

LindstrGemia lingulifera Foerste, Bull. Kentucky (jeol. Surv., 7, 1906, p. 311, pL 5, 

figs. 2a-f. 
OUnton (Waco): Near Estill Springs, Panola, and Waco, Kentadqr. 

Llndstrtfmlft whlteavesl Foerste. 

Lindstroemia whiteavesi Foerste, Bull. Kentucky Oeol. Surv., 7, 1906, p. 312. 
Black River (Leray): Petite Chaudiere Rapids, Ottawa, Ontario. 

Llndstrtfmla wisconslneiisls (Whitfield). 

Cyathaxonia wisconsinensis Whitfield, Ann. Rep. for 1877, Wisconsin Geol. Surv., 

1878, p. 79; Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 277, pi. 14, figs. 3-5.— Chamberlin, 

Geol. TOsconsin, 1, 1883, p. 188, fig. 
Lindstroemia wisconsinensis Foerste, Bull. Geol. Surv. Kentucky, 7, 1906, p. 312 

(gen. ref.). 
Niagaran (Racine): Racine, etc., Wisconsin. 

UNGULA Brugui^. Genotype: L. anatina Lamarck. 

Lingula Brugui^, Encyclop^e M6thodique, 1, 1792, pi. 250. — ^Emmons, Amer. 
Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 189.— Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 1, 1856, p. 33. — 
Pictet, Trait6 de Pal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 73.— Meek and Hayden, Smiths. 
Contr. Knowl., 14, 172, 1865, p. 68.— Hall, Pal. New York, 4, 1867, p. 5. — 
Dall, American Joiur. Conch., 6, 1870, pp. 153, 154. — Miller, Cincinnati Quart. 
Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 9.— Meek, Hayden's U. S. Geol. Surv. Terr., 9, 1876, 
p. 7.— Dall, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 8, 1877, p. 43.— Morse, Proc. Boston Soc. 
Nat. Hist., 19, 1878, p. 266.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1880, p. 662.— Winchell, 
8th Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minnesota, 1880, p. 60.— Miller, N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 349.— Beecher, Amer. Jour. Sci., 3d ser., 44, 1892, p. 
141.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 2, 161.— Beecher, 
Amer. Nat., 27, 1893, p. 599. — ^Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 
1893, p. 338.— Koken, Die Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 228, fig. 187.— Hall 
and Clarke, 11th Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1894, p. 226.— Schuchert, 
Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 78.— Beecher, ibid., 1897, p. 110, fig. 5.— 
Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 6, 1899, p. 181.— Schuchert, Zittel- 
Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 307.— Grabau, Bull. New York State Mus., 
45, 1901, p. 178; Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 178.— Grabau and 
Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 194. — Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. 
Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 890.— Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Textb. 
Pal., 1913, p. 374. 

Gloflsina Phillips, Mem. Geol. Surv. Great Britain, 2, pt. 2, 1848, p. 370.— Dall, 
Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 8, 1877, p. 29.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, 
pt. 1, 1892, pp. 15, 164; 11th Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1894, p. 230. 
(Grenotype: Lingula attenuata Sowerby.) 

Pakeoglossa (Glossina, preoccupied) Cockerell, Nautilus, 25, 1912, p. 96. 

PseudoUngula Mickwitz, Bull. Imp. Acad. Sci. St. Petersburg, 1909, p. 765. — 
Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 374. (Genotype: linguU 
quadrata Eichwald.) 



BIBLIOGRAPHIO LIST OF GENEBA AND SPECIES. 725 

LorGUiA ACUMINATA Conrad. See Lingulella (LinguIepiB) acuminata. 

LiKoxTLA (Glossina) ACUMINATA Hall and Clarke. See Lingulella (LinguIepiB) 
acnminata eequens. 

UngQla aeatlrostrts Hall. 

lingula acutirostia Hall, Geol. New York, Rep. 4th Diet., 1843, p. 77, fig. 9 

on p. 76; Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 56, pi. 20, fig. 5. 
Clinton: Wolcott, New York. 
Obeervation. — Based upon a single specimen now lost (Schuchert). 

Uognls sqaftlis Hall. 

lingula sequaliB Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 95, pi. 30, fig. 3.— Emmons, Amer. 
Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 203, pi. 8, fig. 3.— Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
11, 1888, p. 480, fig. 3.— Lesley, Rep. Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, P 4, 1889, 
p. 342, figs.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 9, fig. 4. 

Trenton: Middleville, Trenton Falls, and Rome, New York. 

PfeturfyjM.— Cat, No. 25351, TJ.S.N.M. (Walcott). 

LiNOULA ANTiQUA Rogers. See Obolus (Westonia) rogerd. 

IdNOULA ANTiQUA Hall. Soo lingulella (lingulepis) acimiinata. 

LcneuLA ATTBNTTATA? Hall. Soo Liugula (Pakeoglossa) trentonensis. 

Lingula aubora var. Hall. See Obolus (Westonia) stoneanus. 

Ungiila (Palseoglossa) beUI (Billings). 

lingula belli Billings, Canadian Nat., 1st ser., 4, 1859, pp. 431-432, figs. 7, 8; Geol 

Surv. Canada, 15tti Rep. Progress, 1863, figs. 47a-b, p. 124. 
Obolus belli Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv. 51, pt. 1, 1912, p. 386, pi. 38, figs. 

3a-b. 
Glosdna belli Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 8, 1911, p. 216, pi. 33, fig. 1. 
Chazyan. — Island of Montreal, Canada (Aylmer); Valcour Island, New York 

(Valcour). 

UngQla b^traml \^^chell and Schuchert. 

Lingula beltrami Wincbell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 351, figs. 

25a, 25b. 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Spring Valley, Minnesota 
flbto^pe.— Cat. No. 45212, U.S.N.M. 

Ungiilft bieariiiAtA Ringueberg. 

Lingula bicarinata Ringuebeig, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1884, p. 149, 

pi, 3, fig. 8.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 349. 
Clinton (Rochester): Lockport, New York. 

Ldioula cf . BiLUNosiANA Matthow. See Lingulella grandis. 

Ungola blsolcfttA Ulrich. 

Lingula bisulcata Ulrich, Amer. Geol., 3, 1889, p. 380, fig. 2. 
Eden (Economy): Ludlow, Kentucky. 
PiMtofyp*.— Cat No. 44997, U.S.N .M. 

Ungula bolhiana Hoek. 

Lingula boliviana Hoek, Neues Jahrb. Min., C^l. Pal., 84, 1912, p. 244, pi. 8, 

fig. 3. 
Ordovidan: Cochabamba, Bolivia 

UngDla bralnerdl Raymond. 

Lingula brainerdi Raymond, Bull. American Pal., 3, 1902, p. 302, pi. 18, figs. 2, 3; 
Ann. Cam^e Mus.. 7. 1911, p. 217, pi. 33, fig. 2. 



726 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Llngnla bralnerdl — Continued. 

Lingula limitaria Seely, Rep. Vermont State Geol., n. s., 1, 1902, p. 145 (ncnn. 
nud.); ibid., 5, 1906, p. 183, pi. 41; reprint of same, p. 30, pi. 41; ibid., 7, 
1910, pL 61. 
Chazyan (Day Point, Crown Point): Valcour Island, Crown Point, New York; 
South Hero and Isle La Motte, Vermont. 

Lingula brlsels Billings. 

Lingula briseis Billings, Pal. Foaedls, 1, Geol. Surv., Canada, 1865, p. 48, fig. 52 

(adv. sheets, 1862); Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 161, %. 136. 
Trenton: Near Oliviers Mills on the Bayonne River, Canada. 

Llngiila(?) canadensis Billings. 

T.iTigiiln. canadensis Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, 1865, p. 114, fig. 95 (adv. sheets, 1862); 

Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 210, fig. 209.— Davidson, Mon. British Foss. Brach., 

5, Sil. Suppl., Pal. Soc., 1883, p. 202, pi. 17, fig. 1.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. 

New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 27.— Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minneeota, 

3, 1893, p. 352, fig. 26. 
Bichmond (Charleton): Black Point, Anticosti. 
TTrenton (Prosser): Mantorville and Hader, Minnesota. 

Lingula clndnnatlensls Hall and Whitfield. 

Lingulella (Dignomia) cincinnatiensls Hall and Whitfield, Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, 

p. 67, pi. 1, figs. 2, 3. 
Lingulella cincinnatiensls Miller, Amer. Pal. Foss., 1877, p. 115; N. A. Geol. 

Pal., 1889, p. 352, fig. 577. 
Lingula cincinnatiensls Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 244. — 

Foerste, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 21, 1914, p. 127, pi. 2, figs. 2, 3. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
Trenton (Upper): Near Rogers Gap; Kentucky. 

Lingula dathrata Winchell and Schuchert. 

J.ingiilfl. clathrata Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 345, 

pi. 29, fig. 42. 
Black River (Decorah): St. Paul, Minn^ota. 
Cotypes.—C&t, No. 45546, U.S.N.M. 

Lingula cllntonl Vanuxem. 

Lingula oblonga Conrad (not Eichwald), 3d Ann. Rep. Geol. Surv. New York, 
1839, p. 65.— Hall, Geol. New York, Rep. 4th Dist., 1843, p. 77, ^, 4; PaL 
New York, 2, 1852, p. 54, pi. 20, fig. 1.— Rogers, Geol. Pennsylvania, 2, pt. 2, 
1858, p. 823, fig. 629; Man. Geol., 1860, p. 107, fig. 4.— Lesley, Rep. Geol. Surv. 
Pennsylvania, P 4, 1889, figs. 

T«ingula clintoni Vanuxem, Geol. New York, Rep. 3d Dist., 1842, p. 79, Gg, 4. — 
Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 197. 

Lingula suboblonga D'Orbigny, Prodrome Pal. Stratig., 1850, p. 34. 

Early Siliurian Cayuga County, New York (Clinton); Pennsylvania; Hamilton, 
Ontario (Cataract); Arisaig, Nova Scotia. 

Lingula clochensls Foerste. 

Lingula clochensis Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 253, pi. 2, 

^. 11a, b. 
Black River (Lowville): La Cloche peninsula, Ontario. 

Lingula cobourgensls Billings. 

Lingula cobourgensls Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, Geol. Siursr. Canada, 1865, p. 50, 
fig. 54 (adv. sheets, 1862); Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 161, fig. 132.— Winchell 
and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 346, pi. 29, fig. 12.— Grabau and 
Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 195, fig. 228ar-b. 

Trenton: Cobourg, Collingwood, and Ottawa, Canada; ?Minneapolis, Minnesota. 



BIBUOGBAPHIC LIST OF GENEBA AND SPECIES. 727 

TJiiynla eolumbft Raymond. 

LingnlA columba Raymond, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 20, 1905, p. 368; Ann. 

Carnegie Mus., 7, 1911, p. 218, pi. 33, figs. 3, 4. 
Oiazyan {Day Point, Crown Point, Valcour): Chazy and Valcour Island, New 
York; Me La Motte, Vennont. 

TiiignU eoTlngtonensis Hall and Whitfield. 

lingulacovingtonenfids Hall and Whitfield, Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 67, pi. 1, fig. 1. — 

Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 8.— Cumings, 32d Ann. 

Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 911, pi. 34, fig. 7.— Foerste, Bull. 

Sd. Lab. Deniaon Univ., 16, 1910, p. 22, pi. 5, figs. 5, 6. 
Trenton: West Covington (Upper part), and Frankfort, Kentucky (Ilermitage). 

Ungula (Pal»oglossft) crassa (Hall). 

Lingula craasa Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 98, pi. 30, fig. 8. — ^Emmons, Amer. 

G«ology» 1, P^' 2., 1855, p. 203, pi. 8, fig. 8.— Hitchcock, Geol. Vermont, 1, 

1861, p. 292. 
Gloaaina craasa Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 343, figs. — 

Schuchert, Bull. U. 8. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 224. 
Trenton: Middleville and Lake Champlain, New York. 

IJ]ig:iila cnneatA Conrad. 

Lingula cuneata (]onrad, 3d Ann. Rep. Geol. Surv. New York, 1839, pp. 63, 
64.— Hall, Geol. New York, Rep. 4th Dist., 1843, p. 48, Gg. 5; Pal. New 
Yori:, 2, 1852, p. 8, pi. 4, fig. 2.— Owen, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 48, 1845, p. 
300, fig. 5.— Emmons, Man. Geol., 1860, p. 106, fig. 96.— Hall and Clarke, 
PaL New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 12, pl.l, figs. 11, 12; pi. 4K, fig. 9.— Grabau, 
Bun. New York State Mua.,45, 1901, p. 178, fig. 81; BuU. Buffalo Soc. Nat. 
Sd., 7, 1901, p. 178, fig. 81.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 
1907, p. 197, ig. 230. 

Lmgulella cuneata Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 352, fig. 578. 

Upper Medinan: Medina and Lockport, New York. 

Uafola carts Coniad. 

lingula curta Conrad, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 8, 1842, p. 266, pi. 
15, fig. 12.— Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 97, pi. 30, ^. 6.— Enmions, 
Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, pi. 8, fig. 6. — Rogers, Geol. Pennsylvania, 2, 
pt. 2, 1858, p. 818, fig. 604.— Billings, Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 161, fig. 138; p. 
201, ^. 197. — ^Em^rson, Geol. Frobischer Bay; Nourse's Narr. HalPs Arctic 
Exped., App., 3, 1879, p. 578. — Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 
1889, p. 343, %.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 195. 

Trenton: East Canada Creek and Middleville, New York; Carlisle, etc., Penn- 
sylvania; Montmorency Falls, Canada; Frobischer Bay, Arctic America. 

LiNouLA CTANB BiUings. See Obolus cyane. 

liKouiA Dafhne Billings. See Lingula (PalsBOgloasa) trentonensis. 

Ijkoula datisi McCoy. See lingulella davisi. 

LiKOULA (Glossina) deflbcta Y^inchell and Schuchert. See Lingula Palaeoglossa 
deflecta. » 

Ungola (PaIaM>glo8Sft) deflecta (Winchell and Schuchert). 

lingula (Glossina) deflecta Winchell and Schuchert, Amer. Geol., 9, 1892, p. 284; 
Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 348, pi. 29, figs. 15-18. 

Gloasina deflecta Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 224. 
Trenton (Prosser): Near Fountain, Minnesota. 
?Richmond (Maquoketa): Spring Valley, Minnesota. 

LiNGrLA DOLATA Sardesou. See Obolus dolata. 



728 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Llngula (PalflBoglossa) dubia (D'Orbigny). 

Lingula dubia D'Orbigny, Voyage dans rAmerique Meridionale, 1842, p. 29, 

pi. 2, ^, 7. 
Glosaina dubia Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 224 (gen. ref.). 
Ordovician: Tacopaya, Bolivia. 

Llngula elderl Whitfield. 

Lingula eldeii Whitfield, American Jour. Sci., 3d ser., 19, 1880, p. 472, figs. 1, 2; 
Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 345, pi. 27, figs. 1-6.— Chamberlin, ibid., 1, 1883, 
p. 154, fig.— -Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 11, pi. 1, figs. 
21, 22.— Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 339, pi. 29, 
figs. 1-4. — ^Huene, Verh. d. Russ.-Kais. Mineral. Ges. zu St. Petersb., 2d ser;, 
36, 1899, p. 333, fig. 16.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, 
p. 196, figs. 221, 229c. 

Lingula minnesotensis N. H. Winchell, 8th Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. 
Minnesota, 1880, p. 61. 

Black River: Rochester, Minneapolis, etc., Minnesota; Beloit, Wisconsin. 

Llngula (PseudoUngula) elegantula (Shaler). 

Lingula quadrata Billings (not Eichwald), Canadian Nat. Geol., 1, 1856, p. 319, 
Gg, 8. — Rogers, Greol. Pennsylvania, 2, pt. 2, 1858, p. 820, fig. 615. — ^Billings, 
Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 161, ^. 131; Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, 1866, p. 10. 

Lingula elegantula Shaler, Bull. Mus. Comp. 2k)ol., 1, 1865, p. 61. 

Richmond (English Head) and Gamachian (EUis Bay): English Head, Charleton 
Point, etc., Anticosti. 

Llngula elllpsiformls Hoek. 

Lingula ellipsiformis Hoek, Neues Jahrb. Min., Geol., Pal., 34, 1912, p. 245, pi. 

8, fig. 4. 
Ordovician: Near Tarabuco, Bolivia. 

Lingula elliftica Hall. See Lingula subelliptica. 

Llngula elllptlca Emmons. 

Lingula elliptica Enmions (not Philips, 1836), Amer. Greology, pt. 2, 1855, p. 112. — 

Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 247. 
Ordovician shales: Augusta Coxmty, Viiginia. 

Llngula elongata Hall. 

Lingula elongata Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 97, pi. 30, fig. 5.— Billings, GeoL 
Canada, 1863, p. 161, fig. 135.— Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt 2, 1855, p. 202, 
pi. 8, €tg, 5.— Hitchcock, Geol. Vermont, 1, for 1861, 1862, p. 292, fig. 194. — 
Lesley, Rep. Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, P 4, 1889, p. 344, ^, — ^Whiteavee, 
Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 165. 
Trenton: Lewis Coxmty New York; Lake Winnip^, Manitoba; Ottawa, Ontario. 

Llngula era Billings. 

Lingula eva Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 6, 1861, p. 150; Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 

141, ^, 73.— Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 341, pi. 

29, figs. 5, 6. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 196, figcu 

229i-j. 
Black River: Miuray Bay, Canada; Fremont, Winona Coxmt^, Minnesota 

(Decorah). 
Pla8totype.—Csi.t No. 45547, U.S.N.M. 

Llngula forbesl Billings. 

Lingula Forbesi Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 115, fig. 96 

(adv. sheets 1862). 
Richmond and Gamachian (English Head-Ellis Bay): English Head, Junction 
Cliff, etc., Anticosti. 



BIBUOGBAPHIC LIST OF GBNEBA AND SPECIES, 729 

UngQlm gibbosm Hall. 

Lingulagibbosa Hall, Descriptioii n. sp. Foas. Waldron, Indiana, 1879, p. 13; 11th 
Rq). State Geol. Indiana, 1882, p. 284, pi. 27, fig. 2; Tians. Albany Institute, 
10, 1883, p. 69.— Lesley, Rep. Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, P 4, 1889, p. 344, fig. 
(Waldron): Waldron, Indiana; Newsom, Tennessee. 



fiogoto howleyl Matthew. 

lingolahowleyi Matthew, Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 2d ser., 1, 1896, p. 259, pi. 1, 

fig. 3. 
Lower Ordovidaii: EeUeys Island, Conception Bay, Newfoundland. 
Obeervadon. — ^Possibly the same as L. murrayi Billings. 

KlBgiila (PalAoglossA) hurlbuti (N. H. Winchell). 

Lingula hurlbati N. H. Winchell, 8th Ann. Rep. Greol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minne- 
sota, 1880, p. 62. 

Lingula (Gloesina) hurlbuti Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 
347, pi. 29, figs. 13, 14. 

Gkesina hurlbuti Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 224. 

Trenton (ProBser): Mantorville and near Spring Valley, Minnesota. 

PUutot^fpe.—Cst. No. 45213, U.S.N.M. 

Ungula huroneiDBis Billings. 

Lingula Huronensis Billings, Canadian Nat. Greol., 4, 1859, p. 433, ^. 9; Geol. 
Canada, 1863, p. 124, fig. 48.— Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 7, 1911, p. 219. 
Black River: St. Joseph Island, Lake Huron. 

lingula Ingens Spencer. 

Lingula ingens Spencer, Bull. Univ. State MiBSouii, 1884, p. 56; Trans. St. Louis 
Acad. ScL, 4, 1886, p. 606, pi. 8, ^. 6. 
dolomite: Hamilton, Ontario. 



lingula Inomata Hoek. 

Tiingnia i nomata Hoek, Neues Jahrb. Min., Geol., Pal., 34, 1912, p. 244, pi. 8, fig. 2. 
Ordovidan: Noorthem Argentina. 

Ungula Insularls Billings. 

Lingula insularis Billings, Cat. Sil. Foas. Anticosti, 1866, p. 40. 
Gamaddan (Ellis Bay): White Cliff, Gamache Bay, Anticosti. 

LiKoxn^ loLB Billings. See Lingulella iole. 

Ungnla (FBeadolIngala) lowensis (Owen). 

Lingula iowensis Owen, Geol. Rep. Iowa, Wisconsin, and Illinois, 1844, p. 70, pi. 
15, fig. 1.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 8, pi. 1, fig. 14.— 
Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 349, pi. 29, figs. 19-22.— 
Whiteavee, Pal. Foes., 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 164.— Huene, Verb. d. Russ.-Kais. 
Mineral. Ges. zu St. Petersb., 2d ser., 36, 1899, p. 337, fig. 17.— Grabau and 
Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 196, fig. 229f-h. 

T^wignU quadrata? Owen (not Eichwald), Geol. Rep. Wisconsin, Iowa, and 
Minnesota, 1851, pi. 2B, fig. 8. 

Lingula quadrata Hall, Geol. V^sconsin, 1, 1862, p. 46, fig. 1, and p. 435.— Meek 
and Worthen, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 3, 1868, p. 305, pi. 2, fig. 4. 

lingulella iowensis Whitfield, Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 242, pi. 9, fig. 1. 

Trenton (Proeser-Galena): Wisconsin; Iowa; Minnesota; Illinois; Lake Winid- 
peg, Manitoba. 

Plastotype and pl^siotype.— Cat. Nos. 17873, 44995, U.S.N.M. 



730 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

LiNGULA IRENE Billlngs. See Lingulella Irene. 

LiNQULA ISI8 Billings. See Lingulella iris. 

Llngula kingstonensis Billings. 

Lingula Kingstonensis Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Fossils, 1, 1865, p. 48, 

fig. 61 (adv. sheets, 1862); Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 141, fig. 74. 
Black River: Long Island, near Kingston, Canada. 

LiNQULA LAHBLLATA Hall (part). See Lingula tceniola. 

Llngula lamellata Hall. 

Lingula lamellata Hall, Geol. New York; Rep. 4th Dist., 1843, p. 108, ^. 2; 
Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 249, pi. 53, figs. 1, 2 (not p. 55, pi. 20, fig. 4=L, 
taeniola). — ^Lesley, Rep. G^ol. Surv. Pennsylvania, P 4, 1889, p. 344, fig.— 
Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 16, pi. 1, figs. 9, 10; pi. 4K, 
figs. 10-13.— Crane, Geol. Mag., dec. 4, 1895, 2, pi. 5, fig. 5. 

Clinton (Rochester): Lockportand Rochester, New York; Hamilton, Ontario. 

LmauLA LEKs Matthew. See Lingulella lens. 

LmauLA LiMiTABis Seely. See Lingula brainerdi. 

Llngula llneata Hoek. 

Lingula lineata Hoek, Neuee Jahrb. Min., Geol. Pal., 34, 1912, p. 244, pi. 8, ^. 1. 
Ordovician: Near Tarabuco, Bolivia. 

Llngula llngulatft Hall and .Clarke. 

Lingula lingulata Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 173, pi. 4K, 

fig. 5; 48th Rep. New York State Mus., 2, for 1895, 1897, p. 327, pi. 1, fig. 2; 

14th Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 327, pi. 1, fig. 2. 
Upper Medinan (Cataract): Hamilton, Ontario. 

Llngula lyelll Billings. 

Lingula Lyelli Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 348, ^. 1, p. 431; Geol. 

Canada, 1863, p. 124, fig. 49. — Chapman, Canadian Joiu*., n. s., 8, 1863, p. 195, 

fig. 165c; Expos. Min. Geol. Canada, 1864, p. 167, fig. 165c. — Raymond, Ann. 

Carnegie Mus., 7, 1911, p. 218, 33, figs. 5, 6. 
Chazyan (Aylmer): Allumette Island, Aylmer and Hog Back, near Ottawa, 

Canada. 

Llngula mantelU Billings. 

Lingula mantelli Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 349, figs, le-lf ; Geol. 

Canada, 1863, p. 113, fig. 20. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): St. Eustache, Canada. 

LmouLA? MANTiGULA White. See Lingulella manticula. 

Lingula marqinata D'Orbigny. See Lingula submarginata. 

Llngula minima amerlcana Williams. 

Lingula minima var. americana Williams, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 45, 1913, p. 340, 

pi. 31, fig. 6. 
Silurian (Pembroke): Sipp's Bay, Washington County, Maine. 
Eolotype.—C&t. No. 58973, U.S.N.M. 

Lingula minnesotensis N. H. Winchell. See Lingula elderi. 



BIBLIOOBAPHIG LIST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 731 

Ung^U modest a Ulrich. 

Lingula modesta Ulrich, Amer. GeoL, 3, 1889, p. 382, fig. 4 on p. 378.^Winchell 

and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 344, pi. 29, fig. 41. — Grabau and 

ShimCT, N. A. Index FobbIIb, 1, 1907, p. 196, fig. 229e.— Foerete, Bull. Sci. 

Lab. Denieon Univ., 16, 1910, p. 22, pi. 2, fig. 17. 
Lingnla vanhomi Hall and Clarke (not Miller), Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, 

pi. 1, ^. 4. 
Trenton: Frankfort (Hermitage) and Covington, Kentucky (upper part). 

Unguis morsel (N. H. \^nchell). 

lingulepis morsensiB N. H. Winchell, 4th Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. 

Minnesota, 1876, p. 41, fig. 6.— James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 17, 

1895, p. 132. 
Lingulepis morsii Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 352. 
Tiinguta morsii Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 62. — Sardeson, 

Bull. Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sci., 4, 1896, p. 77, pi. 4, figs. 2, 3. 
Black Kiver (Basal Platteville): Near Foimtain, Minnesota. 

LiNojTLA MosiA Hall. See Lingulella mosia. 

Ungala mtiiisterl D'Orfoigny. 

Lingula mOsterii D'Orbigny, Voyage dans I'Am^que M^ridionale, Pal., 1842, 

p. 29, pi. 2, fig. 6. 
Lingula mflnsteri A. Ulrich, Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Beilageband, 8, 1892, p. 7. — 

Hoek, Neues Jahrb. Min., Geol. Pal., 34, 1912, p. 243, pi. 8, figs. 6-8. 
Ordovidan: Tacopaya, etc., Bolivia. 

Ungulml murrayl Billings. 

liingnla muiTa3d Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., n. s., 6, 1872, p. 467, fig. 3; Pal. 

Fobs., 2, 1874, p. 66, fig. 34. 
TJppet Cambrian or Lower Ordovidan: Bell Island, Conception Bay, Newfound- 
land. 
Observation. — See Lingula howle3ri Matthew. 

LmouLA NOBWOODi James. See Lingulops norwoodi 

Ungula nympha Billings. 

Lingula nympha Billings, Pal. Fosedls, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 214, fig. 

198.— Ajni, Ottawa Nat., 8, 1894, p. 85. 
Chazyan (Quebec-N): Table Head, Newfotmdland. 

LinguU oblat* Hall. 

Lingula oblata Hall, Geol. New York; Rep. 4th Dist., 1843, p. 77, fig. 8 on p. 76; 
Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 54, pi. 20, fig. 2.— Owen, Ajner. Jour. Sd. Arts, 
48, p. 306, 6g. 8.— Lesley, Rep. Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, P 4, 1889, p. 346, 

fig. 
Eariy Silurian: Sodus and Wolcott, New York (CHnton); Ontario (Cataract). 

LmouLA OBLONOA Courad. See Lingula clintoni. 

Ungula obtusa Hall. 

lingula obtusa Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 98, pi. 30, fig. 7.^BillingB, Geol. 

Canada, 1863, p. 161, fig. 137.— Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 

202, pi. 8, ^,' 7.— Hitchcock, Geol. Vermont, 1, for 1861, 1862, p. 292, fig. 

195.— Chapman, Canadian Jour., n. s., 8, 1863, p. 203, fig. 199; Expos. Min. 

and Geol. Canada, 1864, p. 175, fig. 199.— Davidson, Mon. British SiL Brach. 

PaL Soc., 1866, p. 52, pi. 3, ^. 31.— Lesley, Rep. Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, 

P 4, 1889, p. 346, figs.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foas., 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 165. 
Trenton: Middleville, New York; Lake Winnipeg and Ottawa, Canada. 

84243'— Bull. 92— vol 



732 BULLETIN 9Z, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Ungulaf orata Oleland. 

Liiigiila(7) ovata Gleland, Bull. Amer. Pal., 4, 1903, p. 19, pi. 4, fig. 3. 
Canadian (Tribes Hill): Fort Hunter, Tribes Hill, etc., New York. 

Ungula papulosa Emmons. 

lingula papilloea Emmons, Amer. Geology, pt. 2, 1855, p. 202, fig. 64; Mannil 

Geol., 1860, p. 99, fig.— Lesley, Bep. QeoL Surv. Pennsylvania, P 4, p. 

346, figs. 
Trenton: ?NewYork. 

Lingula (PaliDOgiossa) perorata (Hall). 

Lingula porovata Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 55, pi. 20, fig. 3. 
Glossina perovata Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 224. 
Clinton: Rochester, New York. 

LmouLA PBRPLBXA Hall. See T«ingiila subeUiptica. 

Lingula perryl Billings. 

Linguja perryi Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 20, fig. 23 

(adv. sheets, 1862); Geol. Vermont, 2, 1861, p. 957, fig. 363; Geol. Canada, 

1863, p. 274, fig. 278. 
Black River(?): Highgate Spring, Vermont. 

Lingula phUomela Billings. 

Lingula Philomela Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 49, fig. 
53 (adv. sheets, 1862); Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 161, fig. 133.— Hall and Clarke, 
Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pi. 1, fig. 8.— Winchell and Schuchert, GeoL 
Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 342, pi. 29, figs. 7, 8.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, 
Pal., 3, 1903, p. 145, pi. 9, fig. 7. 

Trenton: Mbntmorency Falls, Ottawa, etc., Canada; near Beaver Run, New 
Jersey. 

?Richmond (Maquoketa): Near Granger and Wykoff, Minnesota. 

PloBtotype.'-CBt, No. 45211, U.S.N.M. • 

LxNOULA FINNAV0RHI8 Oweu. See lingulella (Lingulepis) acuminata. 

LxNOULA PRIMA Rogers. See Obolus (Westonia) rogersi. 

Lingula prima Billings. See Lingulella (Lingulepis) acuminata. 

Lingula prima Hall. See Lingulella prima. 

Lingula procterl Uhich. 

Lingula procteri Uhich, Amer. Geol., 3, 1889, p. 377, ^. 1.— Hall and Clarke, 

Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 12, pi. 1, figs. &-7. 
Lingula cf. procteri Fociste, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 21, 1914, p. 129, 

pi. 2, fig. 7. 
Trenton (upper): Covington, Rogers Gap, etc., Kentucky. 

Lingula procteri TersalUesensIa Foerste. 

Lingula procteri versaillesensis Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1912, 

p. 135, pi. 10, figs. 8a, b. 
Trenton (Flanagan): VerBailles, Kentucky. 

Lingula progne Billings. 

Lingula progne Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 47, fig. 50 

(adv. sheets, 1862); Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 161, fig. 134; p. 201, fig. 196. 
Trenton (CoUingwood): Montreal, Collingwood, Ottawa, etc., Canada. 



BIBUOGRAPSIO LIST OF GSNBBA AND SPECIES. 733 

Ldtqula quadrata Billmgs. See Tiingiila (Pseudolingula) elegantula. 

LiKOVLA QUADRATA Hall. See Lingula (Pseudolingula) rectilateralis. 

LorouLA QUADRATA? Owen. See Lingula iowenais. 

IlBgiila qnebeeensls BillingB. 

lingula quebecenaia Billings, Pal. FoBsib, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 72, 

fig. 65; pp. 72, 216 (adv. sheets, 1862); Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 230, fig. 241.— 

Chai»nan, Canadian Jour., n. s., 8, 1863, p. 191, fig. 160c; Expos. Min. Geol. 

Canada, 1864, p. 163, fig. 160c. 
Gbnadian: Point Levis, Silleiy, etc., Canada (Levis, Phyllograptus typus and 

Diplograptus dentatus zones); Cow Head, Newfoundland (Quebec-P). 

Ungula (PiBeadollngiila) reetUateraUs (Emmons). 

Lingula rectilateralis Emmons, Geol. New York, Eep. 2d Dist., 1842, p. 399, 
fig. 6. — Leriey, Rep. Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, P 4, 1889, p. 347, figs. — 
Giabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 195, fig. 228c.— Ruede- 
mann, Bull. New York State Mus., 162, 1912, p. 91, pi. 4, fig. 1.— Foerste, 
Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 254. 

lingula quadrata Hall (not Eichwald), Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 96, pi. 30, fig. 
4; p. 285, pi. 79, fig. l.—Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 9. 

Udca: Rodman, Lorraine, etc.. New York. 

Ungula rlclnlfonnls Hall. 

lingula riciniformis Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 95, pi. 30, fig. 2. — ^Emmons, 

Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1885, p. 203, pi. 8, figs. 2a-c. — ^Lesley, Rep. Geol. 

Surv. Pennsylvania, P 4, 1889, p. 347, figs. — ^Beecher, Amer. Jour. Sci., 3d 

ser., 44, 1892, p. 149.— Winchell and Scbucbert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, 

p. 343, fig. 24; pi. 29, ^, 9.— Crane, Geol. Mag., dec. 4, 1895, 2, pi. 5, fig. 

7.--Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 144, pi. 9, fig. 8. 
lingula (Gloesina) riciniformis Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, 

pi. 1, fig. 3. 
Trenton: Middleville, New York; Charleebouig, Canada; St. Paul, Minnesota; 

Jacksonbuig, New Jersey. 

Uagola rielnlfomils galenensls Winchell and Scbucbert. 

Lingula riciniformis var. galenensis Winchell and Schuchert, Amer. Geol., 9, 1892, 

p. 284; Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 344, pi. 29, figs. 10, 11. 
Trenton (Prosser): Near Kenyon and Fountain, Minnesota; Neenah and Oshkoeh, 
Wisc<mflin. • 

Ungnla scoblna Williams. 

lingula scobina Williams, Proc. U. S. Nat. Nat. Mus., 45, 1913, p. 339, pi; 30, 

fig. 18. 
Silurian (Pembroke): Leighton Cove, Washington County, Maine. 
JJotefype.— Cat. No. 58967, U.S.N.M. 

lingula selwynl Whiteaves. 

lingula Selwyni Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Prqgr. for 1875-76, 1877, 

p. 103. 
Horizon unknown: Peace River, British Columbia. 

ItBgDla striata Emmons. 

lingula striata Emmons, Amer. Creolqgy, pt. 2, 1855, p. 112, pi. 1, fig. 17; Manual 
GeoL, 1860, p. 88, fig. 74.— Lesley, Rep. Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, P 4, 1889, 
p. 348, figs.— Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, p. 254. 

Ordovidaa (Lower Martinsbuig): Augusta County, Yiiginia. 



734 BULLETIK 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Llngula subelllptlca D'Orbigny. 

lingula elliptica Hall (not Phillipe), Geol. New York, Rep. 4th Dist., 1843, p. 

76, fig, 7.— Owen, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arte, 48, 1846, p. 306, fig. 7. 
lingula subelliptica D'Orbigny, Prodrome Pal., 1, 1850, p. 34. 
Lingula perplexa Hall, Miller's Amer. Pal. Fossils, 1877, p. 244. — Lesley, Rep. 

Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, P 4, 1889, p. 346, fig. 
Clinton: Walcott, New York. 

Lingula Bubmarglnata D'Orbigny. 

Lingula maiginata D'Orbigny, Voyage dans I'Amerique Meridionale, 3, pt. 4, 

Pal., 1842, p. 28, pi. 2, fig. 5; 8, Atlas, 1847. 
Lingula submaiginata, D'Orbigny, Prodrome Pal., 1, 1850, p. 14. 
Ordovician: Tacopaya, Bolivia. 

Lingula suboblonga D'Orbigny. See Lingula clintoni. 

Ltngula tfenlola Hall and Clarke. 

Lingula lamellata Hall (part). Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 55, pi. 20, fig. 4. 
Lingula teeniola Hall and Clarke, ibid., 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 18, 173, pi. 4K, fig. 8; 
48th Rep. New York State Mua., 2, for 1895, 1897, p. 327, pL 1, fig. 4; 14th 
Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 327, pi. 1, fig. 4, 
Clinton: Clinton, New York; Hamilton, Ontario. 

Lingula (Glossina) trbntonenbis Grabau and Shimer. See Lingula (Paltepgloon) 
trentonensis. 

Lingula (Palsdoglossa) trentonensis (Conrad). 

Lingula trentonensis Conrad, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 8, 1842, p. 266, 

pi. 15, ^g. n.— Vanuxem, Geol. New York; Rep. 3d Dist., 1842, p. 48. 
Lingula attenuata? Hall (not Sowerby), Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 94, pi. 30, 

fig.l. 

T.JT^giiln^ daphne Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 50 (adv. 
sheets 1862). 

7Lingula attenuata A. TJlrich; N. Jahrb. f. Mineral, Beilageband, 8, 1892, p. 7, 
pi. 1, fig. 3. 

Lingula (Glossina) trentonensis Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907; 
p. 195. 

Glossina trentonensis Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 225. 

Trenton: Glens Falls, Trenton Falls, Mlddleville, New York; Wisconsin; Mon- 
treal and Ottawa, Canada; Tnear Vacas, Bolivia. 

Lingula vanhorni Hall and Clarke. See L&gula modeeta. 

Lingula Tanhoml Miller. 

Lingula vanhorni Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 1S75, p. 9, fig. 1; 18th 

Rep. Geol. Surv. Indiana, 1894, p. 309. — Foerste, Amer. Geol., 31, 1903, 

p. 340 (loc. occ.). 
Richmond: Versailles, Indiana. 

Lingala waynesboroensls Foerste. 

Lingula waynesboroensis Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1910, p. 23, 

pi. 2, fig. 18; pi. 5, ^. 7. . 
Trenton (Hermitage): Near Waynesboro, and Clifton, Tennessee. 

Ungula whltfleldl Uhich. 

Lingula whitfieldi Ulrich, Amer. Geol., 3, 1889, p. 381, ^, 3.--Foerste, Jour. Cin- 
cinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 21, 1914, p. 128, pi. 2, fig. 8. 
Trenton (Upper): Covington, Rogers (Jap, etc., Kentucky. 
PUutotype.—CaX, No. 44996, U.S.N.M. 



BIBUOQRAPKIC U8T OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 785 

UNGULASMA XJlrich. Genotype: L. schucherti TJlrich. 

TJngiiliM^fnA Uirich, Amer. Geo!., 3, 1889, p. 383.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New 
York, 8, pt 1, 1892, pp. 24, 46, 163.— Wlnchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minne- 
sota, 3, 1893, p. 353.— Hall and Clarke, lltli Ann. Kep. New York State Geol., 
1894, p. 335.— Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 308; 2d ed., 
1913, p. 374.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fosails, 1, 1907, p. 198.— 
GomingB, 32d Ann. Bep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Ree. Indiana, 1908, p. 891. 

Lb^daama Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 351. 

UngnlasBiA galenense \^lncfaell and Schuchert. 

lingulaflma galenenqis Winchell and Schuchert, Amer. Geol., 9, 1892, p. 285; 

GecA. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 354, pi. 30, figs. 1-1.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New 

Jtfsey, Pal., 3, p. 145, pi. 9, figs. 10-11. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 

Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 199, fig. 233. 
Trenton: Fillmore and Goodhue Counties, Minnesota; Decorah, Iowa; Neenah 

and Oahkosh, Wisconsin; near Newton, New Jersey. 
Piatto^pe*.— Cat No. 45195, U.S.N.M. 

Ungulasm* sehaeherti Uliich. 

lingulasma schucherti XJlrich, Amer. Geol., 3, 1889, p. 389, fig. 5. — ^Hall and 

Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 24, pi. 2, figs. 17-23. 
Lingulelaama schucherti MUler, N. A. Geol. P|d., 1889, p. 351. 
Ridunond: Wilmington (Femvale) and Savannah (Maquoketa), Illinois. 
Ptototype.— Oat. No. 45194, U.S.N.M. 

LDfGuuojLSMA scHUCHKBTi Miller. See Lingulasma schucherti. 

UNGULBLLA Salter. Genotype: Lingula davisi McCoy. 

Linguiella Salter, Mem. Geol. Surv. Great Britain, 3, 1866, p. 333.— Davidson, 
Mon. British Sil. Brach., PaL Soc., 1866, p. 55.— ^all, Amer. Jour. Conch., 6, 
1870, pp. 153, 159.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1880, p. 663.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. 
PiJ., 1889, p. 352.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 66, 
163; 11th Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1894, p. 232.— Walcott, Proc. 
U. S. Nat Mas., 21, 1898, pp. 390-394, pi. 27, figs. 1-5; 23, 1901, p. 683.— 
Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 307; 2d ed., 1913, p. 372.— 
Matthews, Trans. Boy. Soc. Canada, 2d ser., 8, sec., 4, 1910, p. 103; Geol. 
Surv. Canada, Rep. Cambrian Rocks Cape Breton, 1903, p. 116.— Walcott, 
Smiths. Misc. Coll., 53, 1908, pp. 142, 144; Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, 
p. 469. 

lingulepis HaU, 16ih Ann. Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1863, p. 129.— 
Meek and Hayden, Smiths. Contr. Enowl., 172, Pal. Upper Missouri, pt. 1, 
1865, pp. 1, 2.— Hall, Trans. Albany Inst., 6, 1867, p. 106.— Dall, Amer. 
Jour. Conch., 2d ser., 6, pt. 2, 1870, pp. 154-161.— Meek, Proc. Acad. Nat. 
ScL Philadelphia, 23, 1871, pp. 186-187.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, Abth. 1, 
1880, p. 664.— Hall and Clarke, 11th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York, 1892, 
pp. 231-232; 45th Ann. Rep. New York State Mus., 18S!3, pp. 547-548; Pal. 
New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 59-62, 164.— Matthews, Trans. Roy. Soc. 
Canada, 1902, 2d ser., 8, sec. 4, No. 3, p. 102; Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. 
Cambrian Rocks Cape Breton, 1903, p. 126. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 
Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 193. (Genotype Lingiila acuminata Conrad.) 

Tifagnlella (Lingulepis) Walcott, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 53, pi. 11, pp. 142, 144; 
Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 544. 

Obolofl (Lingulepis) Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 32, pt. 2, 1899, pp. 443-444; 
Pkoc U. 8. Nat Mus., 23, 1901, p. 683. 



786 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Llngiilella (Ungulepls) acuminata (Connd). 

Tingtila acuminata Conrad, 3d Ann. Kep. New York Ged. Surv., 1839, p. 64. — 

HaU, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 9, fig. 
Lingiilft. prima Billings, Canadian Nat., let eer., 1, 1856, p. 34, fig. 1. 
LingulaantiquaHall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, pp. 3, 4, pi. l,figB. 3a-e. — Emnums, 

Manual Geology, 2d ed., 1863, p. 92, fig. 77. 
Lingulepis acuminata Matthew, Trans. Hoy. Soc. Canada, 2d ser., 1, sec. 4, No. 

13, 1895, pp. 257-258, pi. 2, figs. 5a-4>. 
Obolus (Lingulepis) acuminatus Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 32, pt. 2, 1899, 

p. 443. 
lingula pinnaformis Owen, Rep. Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, 1852, 

p. 583, pi. Lb, figs. 4, 6, %. 
Lingulepis pinnaformis Whitfield, U. S. Geogr. and Geol. Surv. Kocky Mts. 

region, Kep. Geol. Kes. Black Hills of Dakota, 1880, p. 335, pi. 2, figs. 1-4; 

Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, pp. 169-170, pi. 1, figs. 2, 3. 
lingulepis pinniformis Hall and Clarke, 11th Ann. Hep. State Geol. New Ycnrk, 

1892, ^. 237, 238, p. 232; pi. 1, figs. 16, 17.~Grabau and Shimer, N. A, 

Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 193, fig. 227. 
Lingulella (Lingulepis) acuminata Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 

545, pis. 34, 40-42 (see for complete bibliography); Smiths. Misc. Coll., 57, 

1912, p. 262, pi. 42, figs. 1-7. 
Biiddle Cambrian-Lower Ordovician: Chateaugay Falls, Franklin County, etc.. 

New York; Vermont; Ontario; Virginia; Tennessee; Wisconsin; Minnesota; 

etc. 
PMoQrpet.— Cat. No8. 52469, 51878, 17999, U.S.N.M. 

Ungulella (Lingulepis) acuminata sequens Walcott. 

Glossina aciiminata Hall and Clarke (not Conrad), 11th Ann. Rep. State Geol. 

New York for 1891^ 1892, pi. 1, figs. 10, 11. 
LfagiiU (Glossina) acuminata Hall and Clarke (not Conrad), Pal. New York, 8, pt. 

1, 1892, pi. 1, ^. 1, 2. 
Lingulella (Lingulepis) acimiinata sequens Walcott, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 53, 1906, 

p. 72, pi. 8, fig. 4; Mon. U. S. GeoL Surv., 51, 1912, p. 551, figs. 46A, B. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Near Ticonderoga, Essex County, New York. 
Holotype and pletioiype.—QtLt. No. 53675, U.S.N.M. 

LiNonLBLLii? ATFiNis BlUlngB. See Obolus (Ungulobolus) aflSnls. 

Lingulella? allani Walcott. 

Lingulella? allani Walcott, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 57, 1912, p. 232, pi. 35, figB. 7-9. 
Lower Ordovician (Goodsir): Moose Creek Valley, Mount Mollison, Ice Klver 
Valley, etc., British Columbia. 

UnguleUa bella (Walcott). 

Obolus (Lingulella) bellus Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 21, 1898, pp. 397-398; 

ibid., 23, 1901, pp. 685-687.— Matthew, (3eol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Cambrian 

Bocks Cape Breton, 1903, p. 204. 
Lingulella bella Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 481, pi. 19, figs. 2, 

2a-q; pi. 36, fig. 4. 
Upper Cambrian and Lower Ordividan: Near Lance Cove, Great Belle Island, 

Conception Bay, Newfoundland. 
Holotype and pora^^.— Cat. No. 27308, U.S.N.M. 

LiNGULBLLA? BiLLiNoaANA Schuchert. See Lingulella grandis. 

LiNOULBLLA (Dionoioa) CINCINNATIBN8IS Hall and Whitfield. See Lingula cindn- 
natiensiB. 



BIBUOGBAPHIO UST OF 6ENEBA AND SPEGIE8. 737 

Ungolellm eondnn* Matthew. 

li^guleDa concinna Matthew, Bull. Nat. Hist Soc. New Brunswick, 4, pt. 4, 

No. 19, 1901, pp. 273-274, pi. 6, ^. 2a-b.— Walcott, Mon. XJ. S. Geol. Surv., 

51, 1912, p. 486, pi. 33, figs. 2ar4i; pi. 34, figs. la-r. 
ObduB (lingulella) bellufl Walcott, Proc. TJ. S. Nat Mus., 23, 1901, p. 685. 
Obolus (linguella) concinniis Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mub., 25, pp. 608, 609. 
lingolella condima Matthew, Geol. Surv. Canada, Bep. Cumbrian Rocks Cape 

Breton, 1903, pp. 203-204, pi. 14, figs. 5a, b. 
Canadian (Bretonian — ^Div. C3c): McNeil Brook, Baijiehois Glen, etc., Cape 

Breton, Nova Scotia. 

I^euLELLA cuNSATA Matthew. See Lingulella grandis. 

IlD^oIelU dsTtsl (McCoy). 

Lingula davisi McCoy, Quart Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 8, 1851, pp. 405-406; 

British Pal. Foss., 1854, p. 252, pi. 2, figs. 7a-b. 
lingulella davisii Davidson, Brit. Foss. Brach., 3, pt 7, No. 1, 1866, pp. 56, 57, 

pi. 4, figs. 1-16.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt 1, 1892, pp. 56, 57, 

fig. 18.— Hoek, Neues Jahrb. Geol., Min. Pal., 34, 1912, p. 219. 
liDgolella cf. davisii Matthew, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Cambrian Rocks Cape 

Breton, 1903, p. 203; Bull. Nat Hist Soc. New Brunswick, 4, pt. 5, No. 20, 

1902, pp. 407, 408. 
lingulella davisi Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 489, pi. 30, figs. 2, 

2a; pi. 31, figs. 6a-h. (See for complete bibliography.) 
Ordovidan (Cbniston — ^Bala): Coniston, Lancashire, England. Upper and lower 

Tingula flags of North Wales. 
Omadian: McLeod Brook, near Boisdale, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia (Bretonian — 

Div. C3c2); BoUvia. 
PUo^pet.— Cat Nos. 35239, 51740, U.S.N Jf. 

Ilngotella desiderata (WalcoU). 

Obolus (linguleUa) desiderata WalcoU, Proc. U. S. Nat Mus., 21, 1898, pp. 399, 

400; Mon. U. S. Cfeol. Surv., 32, pt 2, pp. 445, 446, pi. 40, fig. 2 (not 2a). 
lingulella desiderata Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 492, pi. 20, 

figs. 4a-c, 5, 5a. 
Lower Ordovidan: Near Colorado Springs, £1 Paso County, Ouray County, etc., 

Colorado. Also Upper and Middle Cambrian of Montana, etc. 
Bolot^pe and pMo^pet.— Cat Noe. 27355, 33867, etc., V.S.N.M. 

Ungfiilella fXM (WalcoU). 

Obolus (Lingulella) ellsi Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat Mus., 21, 1898, p. 402. 
linguleUa ellsi WalcoU, Mon. U. S. C^l. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 495, pi. 19, fig^. 3, 3a-c. 
Canadian ("Upper Sillery"): Chaudiere River at Grand Trunk Railroad bridge, 

Quebec. 
Holotjfpe and porotypea.— Cat No. 27315, U.S.N.M. 

Iihoulxlla(7) B8CA0ONI Matthow. See Obolus (Westonla) escasonl. 

Un^nlella (Llngulepls) exigua (Matthew). 

Obolus (langulepis) gregwa WalcoU (in part) (not Matthew), Proc. U. S. Nat. 

Mus., 23, 1901, pp. 692-694. 
lingulepis starri var. Matthew, Cfeol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Cambrian Rocks Cape 

Breton, 1903, pp. 193-197, pi. 14, figs. 2ar-c. 
Liqgukpis stam exigua Matthew, ibid., 1903, pp. 197, 198, pi. 14, figs. 3a-d. 



788 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

lingulellA (Ungulepls) exigaa— Contmued. 

lingulella (lingulepiB) exigua Walcott, Mon. U. S. GeoL Surv., 51, 1912, p. 551, 

pi. 33, figs. 4, 4a; pi. 43, figs. l~lz. 
Canadian (Bretonian — ^Div. 03b): Salmon River, thirteen miles south of Marion 

Bridge, Oape Breton, Nova Scotia. 

Lingulella fermgtnea Salter. 

Lingulella ferruginea Salter, Quart. Jour. GeoL Soc. London, 23, pt. 1, 18d7, 

p. 340, fig. 1.— Davidson, GeoL Mag., 5, 1868, pp. 306-307, pi. 15, figs. 1-^; 

British Foss. Bwich., 3, pt. 7, No. 4, 1871, pp. 336-337, pi. 49, figs. 32-35.— 

Matthew, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Cambrian Rocks Cape Breton, 1903, p. 

108.— Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 496, pi. 29, figs, la-w, 

2a-f; pi. 30, fig. 1; pi. 31, figs. 3a-c; pi. 35, figs. 4a-b. (See for complete 

bibliography.) 
Obolella? gemmula Matthew, Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 9, sec. 4, 1892, pp. 41-42, 

pi. 12, figs. 8ar-c. 
Leptobolus gemmulus Matthew, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Cambrian Rocks Cape 

Breton, 1903, pp. 190-192, pi. 14, figs. larc. 
Middle and Upper Cambrian of Wales, Norway, Denmark, etc. 
Canadian (Bretonian — Div. C3c): Navy Island, St. John Harbor, New Brunswick, 

and McLeod Brook, near Boisdale, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. 

Lingulella grandls (Matthew). 

Leptobolus grandls Matthew, Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 1st ser., 11, sec. 4, 1894, 
pp. 91-92, pi. 16, figs. 7ar-c. 

Lingulella cuneata Matthew, ibid., 1st ser., 11, sec. 4, 1894, pp. 92-^, pi. 16, 
figs. 5a-b. 

lingula cf. billingsiana Matthew, ibid., 1st ser., 11, sec. 4, 1894, p. 93, pi. 16, 
figs. 6a-b. 

lingulella? billingsana Schuchert (not Whiteaves), Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 
1897, p. 256. 

Lingulella grandis Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 502, pi. 38, figs. 
2,2a-f. 

Canadian (BretoniaiH-Div. C3c): Hardingville, St. John County, New Bruns- 
wick. 

Lingulella lole (BiUings). 

Lingula lole Billings, Pal. Geol. Surv. Canada, Fossils, 1, 1865, p. 215, ^. 199. 
Lingulella iole Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 508, pi. 27, figs. 5, 5a. 
Chazyan (Quebec — P): Four miles northeast of Portland Creek, Newfoundland. 

LiNOiTLBLLA lowsNBiB Whilfiold. See Tiingula iowensis. 

Lingulella Irene (Billings). 

Lingula irene Billings, Pal. Fobs., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 71, fig. 64 (adv. 

sheets, 1862); Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 230, fig. 240. 
Lingulella irene Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 257.— Walcott, 

Mon. U. S. Geel. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 508, pi. 27, fig. 6, 6a. 
Canadian (Levis, Didymograptus and Diplograptus dentatus zones): Point Levis, 

Quebec. 

LInguleUa Iris (Billings). 

Lingula iris Billings, Pal. Fosmls, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 301, fig. 290. 
Lingulella iris Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 509, pi. 27, fig. 2. 
Ozarkian? (Levis-erratic): Point Levis, Quebec. 



BIBUOORAPKIC LIST OP GBNERA AUTD SPECIES. 739 

UB^alelU teTls Matthew. 

Lingolelk l»\is Matthew, Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 9, 1892, p. 39, pi. 12, figs. 
4a, 4b.— Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 512, pi. 19, figs. 4, 4a, b. 
Onadian (Bretonian — ^Div. C3a): St. John Harbor, St. John, New Brunswick. 

Uni^ella l»Tis grandls Matthew. 

Lingalella Isevis grandis Matthevr, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Cambrian Rocks, 

Cape Breton, 1903, pp. 200-201, pi. 15, figs, la-d.— Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. 

Smv., 51, 1912, p. 512, pi. 19, fig. 4c. 
Canadian (Bretonian — ^Div. C3a): Escasonie Shore, East Bay, Cape Breton, Nova 

Scotia and St. John, New Brunswick. 

LnouLXLLA. UKvia LBN8 Matthew. See Lingulella lens. 

IJnfoWU lens (Matthew). 

lingula? lens Matthew, Bull. Nat. Hist. Soc. New Brunswick, 4, pt. 4, 1901, pp. 

274-275, pi. 6, ilgs. 3anh. 
Obolus (Lingulella) bellus Walcott, (part^ Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 23, 1901, pp. 

685-687. 
Obolus (Lingulella) lens Walcott, ibid., 25, 1902, pp. 606-007. 
lingulella bevis lens Matthew, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Cambrian Rocks Cape 

Breton, 1903, pp. 201-203, pi. 15, figs. 3a-h. 
Tiugnlella lens Matthew, ibid., 1903, pp. 205-206.— Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. 

Surv., 51, 1912, p. 512, pi. 33, figs. la-d. 
Canadian (Bretonian — Div. C3a7): McAdam Shore, East Bay, Cape Breton, Nova 

Scotia. 

linguMla lepls (Salter). 

TJngnla lepis Salter, Murchison's Siluria, 3d ed., p. 543. — Davidson, British 

FosB. Brach., 3, pt. 7, No. 1, 1866, p. 54, pi. 3, figs. 53-59; British Foss. 

Brach.9 3, pt. 7, 1871, pi. 69, figs. 31, 31a.— Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 

51, 1912, p. 514, pi. 31, figs. 4a-f. (See for complete bibliography.) 
Lingulella cf. lepis Matthew, Geol. Sun\ Canada, Rep. Cambrian Rocks Cape 

Breton, 1903, p. 204. 
Lower Ordovidan: Ceratopyge limestone and Dictyonema shales of Norway and 

Sweden; Upper Tremadoc of Wales. 
Canadian (Bretonian — ^Div. C3a and C3c) : Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, and St. John 

Basin, St. John County, New Brunswick. 
Plaio/ypef .— Cat. Nos. 51741, 51742, U.S.N.M. 

LiKonLELLA. MABBA Wslcott. Soo Obolus maora. 

lingolell* mftntleiil* (White). 

lingula? manticula White (part), U. S. Geog. Surv. W. 100th Mer., Prelim. Rep. 

Invert. Fossils, 1874, pp. 9, 10; ibid., 4, pt. 1, 1877, p. 52, pi. 3, fig. 2b. 
Lingulella manticula WalcoU, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 517, pi. 20, 

figs. 1, la-c. 
Lower Grdovidan (Pogonip): Eureka District, Eureka County and White Pine 

County, Nevada. Also Vpper and Middle Cambrian of Utah and Nevada. 
Hdotype and pUgiotype.—C&t. Nos. 8569, U.S.N.M. 

LmouLSLLA? MATiNALis Wslcott. Soo Obolus matinalifl. 

UngoJella minor (Matthew). , 

Lingulella starri minor Matthew, Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 9, sec. 4, 1892, pp. 58-59, 
pi. 40, figs. 5a-b. 



740 BULLETIN 02, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

LlngulelU minor—Continued. 

lingulella minor WalcotC, Mon. U. S. Geol. Snrv., 51, 1012, p. 510, pL 37, figs. 

3-3g. 
Canadian (Bretonian- -Div.CSb) : Long Island, Eennebecasis Bay, St. John County, 

New Brunswick. 

LmouLELLA lONUTA Schuchort. See linnarsBonella minuta. 

LlngalellA moosensli Walcott. 

Lingulella mooeensifl Walcott, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 57, 1012, p. 232, pi. 35, figs. 1-G. 
Lower Ordovidan (Goodsir): Ice River Valley and Mollison Creek, near Lean- 
choil, British Columbia. 

Lingulella mosia (Hall). 

TJngula mosia Hall, 16th Ann. Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1863, p. 126, 

pi. 6, figs. l-3a; Trans. Albany Inst, 5, 1867, pp. 102-103, pi. 1, figs. l-3a.— 

Sardeson, Bull. Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sd., 4, pt. 1, 1806, p. 05. 
Lingulella mosia Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1012, p. 520, pL 18, figs. 

la-f. • 

Ozarkian (Oneota): St. Croix River, Wisconsin and Minnesota. Also Upper 

Cambrian of Minnesota, Iowa, etc. 
Ple8iotype$,-OB.t. Nos. 27370, 27371, U.S.N Jl. 

Lingulella pogonlpenslfl (Walcott). 

Obolus (Lingulella) pogonipenais Walcott, Plroc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 21, 1808, pp. 411, 
412. 

Lingulella pogonipensis Walcott, Mon. U. S. (jOoI. Surv., 51, 1012, p. 525, pi. 20, 
figs. 3, 3a-c. 

Lowest Ordovidan (TUpper Cambrian): Eureka District, Eureka County, Ne- 
vada. Also Upper Cambrian of Utah and Arizona. 

Holotype and paro^p«.— Cat. No. 27332, U.S.N Jl. 

Ungulella prim* (Hall). 

Lingula prima (Conrad MS.) Hall, Pal. New Ycnrk, 1, 1847, p. 3, pi. 1, fig. 2. 
Lingulella prima Walcott, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 57, 1012, p. 262, pi. 41, figs. 8-lL 
Upper Cambrian or Ozarkian (Potsdam): Essex County, New York. 
P/mo/yp«.— Cat. No. 27435, U.S.N.M. 

LmouLBLLA. ROQBR8I Grabau. See Obolus (Westonia) rogersi. 

Lingulella? spissa Billings. See Obolus (lingulobolus) spissus. 

Lingulella btabbi minor Matthew. SeO Lingulella minor. 

Lingulella stonbana Whitfield. See Obolus (Westonia) stoneanus. 
LiNGULEpia of authors. See Lingulella subgenus lingulepis. 
LiNGULEpis ACUMINATA Matthow. See Lingulella (Lingulepis) acuminata. 
Lingulepis affinis Walcott. See Obolus (Lingulobolus) affinis. 
Lingulepis maera Hall and Whitfield. See Obolus maera. 
Lingulepis matinalis Hall. See Obolus matinalis. 
Lingulepis? minuta Hall and Whitfield. See linnarssonella minuta. 
Lingulepis morsensis Winchell. See Lingiila moreei. 
Lingulepis MORsn Hall and Clarke. See Lingiila mcffsei. 



BIBUOGRAPHIO LIST OP GENERA AND SPECIES. 741 

LoiotTLxns PiNKAVOBMis Hall. See Obolus matiQalifl. 
Iaoulxpis finnatobkis Whitfield. See lingulella (liogulepis) acuminata. 
LiNQULms 8TARBI var. Matthew. See lingulella (lingulepis) exigua. 
I^NOULXPis 8TARRI KxiGUA Matthew. See Lingulella (lingulepiB) exigua. 
LasQUhOBOUja Matthew. See Obelus subgenuB linguloboluB. 
LtNGULOBOLua AFFiNis Matthew. See Oboluii (lingulobolus) affinis. 

UNOULOPS HaU. Genotype: L. whitfieldi HaU. 

Lingulopa Hall, Notes on some New or Imperfectly Known Forms among the 
Brachiopoda, 1871, p. 2; ibid., 1872, p. 2, pi. 13, figs. 1, 2; 23d Rep. New York 
State Gab. Nat. Hist., 1873, p. 244, pi. 13, Gga. 1, 2.— Davidson and King, 
Quart. Jour. Geol. See. London, 30, 1874, p. 164.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New 
York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 18, 46, 163; 11th Ann. Rep. New York, State Geol., 
18W, p. 233.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., p. 352.— Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman 
Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 308; 2d ed., 1913, p. 374.— Glarke, ArchivoeMus. Nac. 
Rio de Janeiro, 10, author's Eng. ed., 1900, p. 6. 

Itngiilops eliftonensls Foente. 

lingulops cliftonensis Foerste, Jour. Geol., 11, 1903, p. 38. 
Richmond (Femvale): Clifton, Tennessee. 

Ungulops derbyl Clarke. 

Lingulops derbyi Clarke, Archivos Mus. Nac. Rio de Janeiro, 10, author's Eng. 

ed., 1900, p. 5, pi. 1, ^g, 4. — Katzer, Grunds. d. Geol. d. unt. Amazonas., 

Leipzig, 1903, pi. 16, fig. 2. 
fflhirian: Rio Trombetas, Brazil. 

Ungiilops granti Hall and Clarke. 

lingulqpB granti Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 19, 173, pi. 
4K, figs. 14, 15; 48th Rep. New York State Mus., 2, for 1895, 1897, p. 328, pi. 1, 
figs. 7, 8; 14th Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 328, pi. 1, figs. 7, 8. 

Niagaran dolomite: Hamilton, Ontario. 

PloaCotype.— Oat. No. 45197, U.S.N.M. 

lingulops nilnotseiisls Savage. 

Ilnguh^ illinoisensis Savage, Bull. Geol. Surv. Illinois, 23, 1913, p. Ill, pi. 7, 

figs. 3, 4. 
Upper Medinan (Channahon): Will County, Illinois. 

liagnlops norwoodl (James). 

TJfigiiU norwoodi James, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 10, fig. 2; Jour. 

Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 6, 1883, p. 235, pi. 10, fig. 1.— Miller, N. A. Geol. 

P^., 1889, p. 350, fig. 574. 
Lingulops Norwoodi Huene, Verb. d. Ruas.-Kais. Min. Ges. St. Petersb., 2d ser., 

36, 1899, p. 336, fig. 3.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 19, 

pi. 2, figs. 24-26.— Hayes and Uhich, U. S. Geol. Surv., folio 95, ill. sheet, 

1903, fig. 35. 
Trenton (upper): West Covington, Kentucky. 

Uagnlops OT*t* Savage. 

lingulopfl ovata Savage, Bull. Geol. Surv. Illinois, 23, 1913, p. 45, pi. 1, figs. 7, 8. 
Upper Medinan (Girardeau): Near Thebes, Illinois. 



742 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Lingulops whltfleldl Hall. 

lingulops whitfieldi Hall, Notes on some New or Imperfectly Enoiwn FoniM 
among the Brach., 1872, p. 2, pi. 13, fig. 12; 2dd R^. New York State Cab. 
Nat. Hist., 1873, pi. 13, figs. 1, 2.— Davidson and King, Quart Jour. GeoL 
Soc. London, 30, 1874, p. 164, pi. 19, fig. 9.— Hall and CHarke, Pal. New York, 
8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 19, pi. 2, figs. 27-30.— Orane, Geol. Mag., dec. 4, 2, 1896, pL 15, 
fig. 6. 

Bichmond (Maquoketa): Near Lattners, Dubuque County, Iowa. 

Plastotype.'-(}sLt. No. 45196, U.S.N.M- 

Linipora Trooet. Genotype: L. rotunda Troost. 

' Linipora Troost, 5th Geol. Bep. Tennessee, 1840, p. 64. 

Linipora rotunda Troost. Not recognizable. 

Linipora rotunda Troost, 5th Geol. Hep. Tennevee, 1840, p. 64. 
Silurian: Near Brownsport, Tennessee. 

UNNARSSONELLA Walcott. Genotype: L. girtyi Walcott. 

Linnarssonella Walcott, Froc. U. 8. Nat Mus., 25, 1902, pp. 601-602; Smiths. 

Misc. Coll., 53, pi. 11, pp. 142-146; Mon. U. 8. Geol. Surv., 61, 1912, p. G66. 

Llnnarssonella minuta (Hall and Whitfield). 

Lingulepis? minuta Hall and Whitfield, King's U. S. Geol. Ezpl. 40th Pari., 4, 

1877, p. 206, pi. 1, figs. 3, 4.— Walcott, Mon. U. S. GeoL Surv., 8, 1884, p. 13. 
Obolella? minuta Walcott, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 3, 1897, p. 404; Walcott, 

Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 32, pt. 2, 1899, p. 443. 
Lingulella 'minuta Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 1897, 87, p. 257. 
Acrotreta minuta Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 23, 1901, p. 673. 
LinnarsBonella minuta Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 25, 1902, pp. 603, 004; 

Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 667, pi. 79, figs, 2, 2ar.b. 
Lowest Ordovician: White Pine District, Nye County, Nevada. 
Upper Cambrian: Eureka District, Nevada. 
Piwiotypw.— Cat No. 24553, U.S.N.M. 

LiNNABasoNiA Walcott. See Acrotreta Kutorga. 

LiNNARSSONiA PRBTiosA DawBou and Hinde. See Acrothele pretiosa. 

LIOCLEMA Ulrich. Genotype: Callopora punctata Hall. 

Leioclema Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, pp. 141, 154. — ^MiUer, 
N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 310.— Ubich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, pp. 376, 
425.— Rominger, Amer. Geol., 6, 1890, p. 119. 

Lioclema Nickles and Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 33.— Graban, 
Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 165; Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 
1901, p. 165.— Ulrich and Bassler, Smiths. Misc. Col., 47, 1904, p. 38.— Bassler, 
U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 32; Bull. U. 8. Nat Mus., 77, 1911, p. 24«. 

Uoelema asperum (Hall). 

Callopora aspera Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 147, pi. 40, figs. 4a-4. 

Leioclema asperum Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, pp. 416, 425. 

Lioclema aspera Grabau, Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 165, fig. 63; BulL 

Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 165, ^, 63.— Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 

292, 1906, pp. 32, 33, pi. 11, figs. 1-3; pi. 24, figs. 14-16. 
Clinton: Lockp<^, Rochester, etc.. New York; Grimsby, Ontario (Rochester); 

Osgood, Indiana (Osgood). 
Ptefiotypet.— Cat. 35504, U.S.N .M. 



BIBLIOGBAPHIO U8T OF QEKEBA AND SPECIES. 743 

liofleii drdnetam Baasler. 

TiorlfHTML cirdnctum Bftader, Bull. U. S. G«ol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 34, pi. 13, figs. 

11-14. 
Oiiktoii (Bochfister): Lockpart, New York, 
ilbloijfpe.— 0«t. No. 35509, U.S.N.M. 

Uodema ezphuiAtiiiii Bassler. 

liocleiiui explanatum BasBkr, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1900, p. 33, pi. 13, 

^. 8-10; pi. 26, fig. 4. 
OintoD: Rochester, New York (Rochester); Osgood, Indiana (Osgood). 
Oo^pa.-K^t. No. 35503, U.S.N.M. 

IlMlttmftf eisiil (HaU). 

AlveoliteB exsul Hall, 28th Ann. Rep. New York State Mus., doc. ed., 1876, pi. 9, 

figs. 3, 4. 
CaDopoia exsul Hall, ibid., mus. ed., 1879, p.ll5, pi. 9, figs. 3, 4; 11th Ann. Rep. 

Indiana Geol. Nat. Hist, 1882, p. 238, pi. 8, figs. 3, 4.— Miller, N. A. Qeol. 

Pkl., 1889, ^. 463 (p. 296). 
lioclema? exsul Nickles and Bassler, Bull. U. 8. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p.. 303. 
Niagaian (Waldnm): Waldron, Indiana. 

LiOGLEMA VLOBIDA Giabau. See Nicholsonella florida. 

liodama ^obalare Bassler. 

lioclema globulare Bassler, Bull. U. 8. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 35, pi. 27, figs. 

18,19. 
Clinton (Rochester): Lockport, New York. 
Boht^pe.-OsX. No. 35771, U.S.N .M. 

Ijoclsma (7NIOHOL80KELLA.) LAMiNATuif Nickles and Bassler. See FistuliiKva 

Uoelema multtporum Bassler. 

Lioclema multiporum Bassler, Bull. U. 8. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 34, pi. 11, 

figs. 4-6; pi. 23, Gg. 18; pi. 27, fig. 20. 
Clinton: Lockport, Rochester, etc.. New York; Hamilton and Grimsby, Ontario 

(Rochester); Waldron, Indiana (Osgood). 
a>^pet.— Cat. No6. 35501, 35764, U.S.N.M. 

UodeniA peeullare Bassler. 

Lioclema peculiare Bassler, Bull. U. 8. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, pp. 35, 36, pi. 23, 

figs. 19-22; pi. 25, fig. 13. 
QinUxi: Lockport, etc.. New York (Rochester); Osgood, Indiana (Osgood). 
Cb^pet.— Oat. No. 35770, U.S.N.M. 

UodeniA palehdlam Ulrich and Bassler. 

lioclema pulchellum Ulrich and Bassler, Maryland Geol. Siu^., Low. Dev., 1913, 

p. 274, pi. 43, figs. 9-12. 
Hekiert>eigian (Keyser): Keyser, West Viiginia. 
^ofe^pe.— Cat. No. 53646, U.S.N.M. 

Uodema ramnlosiim Bassler. 

Lioclema ramulosum Bassler, Bull. U. 8. Geol. Surv., 292, '1906, p. 35, pi. 11, 

figs. 11-13; pi. 25, figs. 9, 10. 
Clinton: Lockport, New York; Grimsby, Ontario (Rochester); near Waldron, 

Indiana (Osgood). 
Cb^pa.-Cat. No. 35608, U.S.N.M. 



744 BULLETIN 9Z, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Lioelema subramosum Ulrich and Bassler. 

LioclemasubramoBum Uliichand Bassler, Maryland GeoL Sarv., Low. Dev., 1913, 

p. 273, pL 43, figs. 1-4; pL 44, Gg, 6. 
Helderbergian (Keyser): Eeyser, West Viiginia; Ouih Valley, Maryland. 
Ct)(ype».— Cat. No. 63647, U.8.N.M. 

Uodema Tarlporum (Billings). 

Helopora variiKva Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Antlcosti, 1866, p. 40. 

Anticostian (Jupiter River): East Point, east of Jupiter River, etc., Anticoeti. 

Uoclema wtlmlngtonense Ulrich. 

Leioclema wilmingtonense Ulrich, Geol. Surv. niinob, 8, 1890, p. 426, pi. 34, 

£lgB.4-4b. 
Monticulipora wilmingtonense J. F. James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 18, 

1895, p. 76. 
Richmond (Femvale): Wilmington, Illinois. 
Figured sections of hoJotype, — Cat. No. 43776, U.S.N.M. 

UOCLEMELUl Foerste. (Genotype: Callopora ohioensis Foerste 

lioclemella Foerste, Creol. Surv., Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 600. — ^Nicklesand Bassler, Bull. 

U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 33.— Ulrich and Bassler, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 

47, 1904, p. 39.->Ba8sler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 36; BuU. U. S. 

Nat. Mus., 77, 1911, p. 249. 

Uoelem^a annuUfera (Whitfield). 

Trematopora annulifer Whitfield, Ann. Rep. Creol. Surv. Wisconsin for 1877, 1878, 

p. 67; Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 264, pi. 11, figs. 15-17.— Buel, 

Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci., 5, 1882, p. 187. 
Batostomella annulifera Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 141. 
Lioclemella annulifera (Ulrich) Foerste, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 600. 
Richmond: Delafield and Iron Ridge, Wisconsin (Maquoketa); Eaton, Ohio. 

Lioclemella f^slformls (Whitfield). 

Chsetetes fusiformis Whitfield, Aim. Rep. Geol. Sur. Wisconsin for 1877, 1878, 

p. 70; Geol. Sur. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 248, pi. 11, figs. 13, 14.— Buel, Trans. 

Wisconsin Acad. Sci., 5, 1882, p. 191. 
Monticulipora (Chsetetes) fusiformis Chamberlin, Geol. V^bconsin, 1, 1883, p. 

172, fig. 
Lioclemella fusiformis (Ulrich) Foerste, Geol. Siu*. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 600. 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Iron Ridge, Wisconsin. 

Lioclemella maccombi Bassler. 

Lioclemella maccombi Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 36, pi. 11, 

figs. 7-10; pi. 25, figs. 5-7. 
Clinton: Lockport, Lewiston, and Niagara Falls, New York; Grimsby and Hamil- 
ton, Ontario (Rochester); Osgood, Indiana (Osgood). 
Cotyp€8.—^2X, No. 35536, U.S.N.M. 

Lioclemella nltlda (Ulrich). 

Trematopora? nitida Uhich, Geol. Sur. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 419, pi. 34, figs. 2-2f. 
Lioclemella nitida (Ulrich) Foerste, Geol. Sur. Ohio, 7, 1896, p. 600. 
Richmond: Savannah, Illinois (Maquoketa); Charleton Point, etc., Anticosti 

(Charleton). 
Cotypea.— Cat. No. 43778, U.S.N.M. 



BIBLIOGBAPHIO LIST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 745 

f tlociemeDi ohioensts (Foenle). 

I GbDoponduoenais Foerete, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 2, 1887, p. 174; ibid., 

3, 1888, pi. 16, fig. 6. 
Tiockmella obioensis Foerate, Ged. Sur. Oliio, 7, 1895, p. 600, pi. 29, fig. 6.^ 
Uliich and Baader, Smiths. Misc. Coll., Quut., 47, 1904, p. 39, pi. 12, figs. 6-9. 
Ui^Mr Madinan (Braasfield): Dayton and Centerville, Ohio. 
PIenbl^pet.-<;at. No. 44063, U.S.N Jf . 

UocientelU solldlssliiia (Whitfield). 

Fbtnlipotasolidiifiima Whitfield, Ann. Rep. Geol. Sur. Wisconsin ior 1877, 1878, p. 

69; Creed. Sur. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 255, pi. 11, 18, 19.— Buel, Trans. Wisconsin 

Acad. Sd., 5, 1882, p. 188. 
Liodeznella solidissinia Nickles and Bassler, Bull. XT. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, 

p. 306. 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Delafield and Iron Ridge, Wisconsin; Savannah, 

Illinois. 

UodemeDa subftislformls (James). 

Mooticalipora (TMonotrypa) subfusiformis James, Paleontologist, No. 6, 1882, 

p. 62; ibid.. No. 7, 1883, pi. 1, 1. 
Monticalipora fosiformis (not of Whitfield) James and James, Jour., Cincinnati 

Soc. Nat. Hist., 11, 1888, p. 26.-^. F. James, ibid., 18, 1895, p. 83. 
liodemdla subfusifcHinis Nickles and Bassler, Buil. U. S. Ged. Surv., 173, 1900, 

p. 308.— Bassler, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 30, 1906, p. 42, pi. 7, figs. 4-7. 
Ridunond (Waynesville): Wairen and Clinton Counties, Ohio; Indiana and 

Kentadcy. 

UOSnmA UMch and Scofield. 

Genotypes: Pleurotomaria micula Hall and P. americana Billings. 

FleuTotomaria and Raphistoma (part) of many authors. 

Lioepira TJlrich and Scofield, (leol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 953.— Eoken, 
Neues Jahrb. f. Min. Geol. Pal., 1, 1898, p. 18. — Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. 
D^. Ged. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 950. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 
Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 640.— Dall, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 525. 

Iloapira abmpta UMch and Scofield. 

liospira abrupta Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 996, pi. 

82, figs. 35-38. 
Stones River (Murfreeslxnro): Murfreesboro, Tennessee. 
Black River: Hig^ Bridge, Kentucky; Biinneapolis and Chatfield, Minnesota. 
Cbfypes.— Oat. No. 46060, U.S.N.M. 

Uoapirm aflnls (Foeiste). 

B^histoma affinis Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 1885, p. 95, pi. 14, 

fig. 18; Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 7, 1893, p. 550, pi. 26, fig. 18; pi. 37A, figs. la-c. 
liospiia cf. afline Savage, Bull. Geol. Surv. IlUnois, 23, 1913, p. 95, pi. 6, fig. 5. 
Upper Medinan: Near Dayton, and Clinton County, Ohio; Summerville, Georgia 

(Biaasfield) ; Pike County, Missouri, and Calhoun Coimty , lUinob (Edgewood) 

Uoqrfra ameifcAna (Billings). 

Pl eu rot on uuia (or Raphistoma). lenticularis (part) of American authors. (Not 

Sowerby.) 
Pleurotomaria americana Billings, Can. Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 164, fig. 7; Geol. 

Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 184, fig. 179; Cat Sil. Foss. Anticosti, 

QecL Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 17 (loc. ref.). 



746 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Llosplra amerlcan^-rOontinued. 

Liospira americana Whiteaves, Pal. Foes., GeoL Sorv. Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 

191.— Schuchert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 22, 1900, p. 165.— Ruedemann, Bull. 

New York State Mus., 49, 1901, p. 31, pi. 2, fig. 7. 
Stones River— Richmond: Ottawa, Montreal, etc., Canada; Manitoba; Baffin 

Land; Minnesota (Trenton); Lebanon and Maury Counties, Tennessee (Stones 

River and Black River); Island of Andcosti, etc. (Richmond). 

Liospira angulata Ulrich. 

lioepira angulata Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 1000, pi. 09, figs. 42-46. 
Black River (Lowville): Mercer County, Kentucky. 
Co^p«.— Cat. No. 45869, U.S.N.M. 

Liospira angustata Ulrich and Scofield. 

Liospira angustata Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 997, pi. 

68, figs. 35-37; pi. 69, figs. 1-2.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 

3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 192. 
Black River and Trenton: Minneapolis, Minnesota (Flatteville); Fillmore County, 

Minnesota (Prosser); Inmost Island, Lake "Winnip^. 
Co^pe».— Cat. No. 45870, U.S.N.M. 

Liospira conrexa Ulrich and Scofield. 

Liospira convexa Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 998. 
Stones River (Ridley): Rutherford County, Tennessee. 
Cotypes.—€At, No. 47804, U.S.N.M. 

Liospira deelpens Ulrich. 

Liospira decipens Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 998, pi. 82, figs. 3^-41. 
Raphlstoma decipiens Miller, N. A. Creol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 770 (gen. rel.). 
Stones River (Murfreeeboro): Murfreesboro, Tennessee. 
nolotype,-^B,t. No. 45871, U.S.N.M. 

Liospira docens (Billings). 

Pleurotomaria docens Billings, Canadian Nat. Cieol., 4, 1859, p. 452, figs. 27-29; 

Creol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 132, figs. 63ar-c.— Lesley, Rep. 

Greol. Surv. Pennsylvania, 4, 1869, p. 707, figs. — Raymond, Ann. Carnegie 

Mus., 4, 1908, p. 176. 
Liospira docens Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 994 (gen. 

ref.). — Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 4, 1908, p. 193. 
Stones River (P&melia): Near L'Original, Canada. 

Liospira eugenla (Billings). 

Pleurotomaria eugenia Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Creol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 30, 

figs. 29-31 (adv. sheets 1862); Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 

144, figs. 87a-c. — Lesley, Creol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 708, 

figs. 
Liospira eugenia Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 994 (gen. 

ref.). — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 640, fig. 872. 
Black River: St. Joseph Island, Lake Huron. 

Liospira helena (Billings). 

Pleurotomaria helena Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 165, fig. 8; Cat. 

Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 17 (loc. ref.). 
Liospira helena Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 994 (gen. 

ref.). 
Richmond and Gamachian: Cape Smyth, Manitoulin Island; CharleUm Point and 
Macasty Bay, Anticosti. 



BIBUOGRAPHIC LIST OF 6BNEBA AND SPECIES. 747 

Uosplra larfaU (Salter). 

Hdicotomalarvata Salter, Ged. Surv. Canada, dec. 1, 1859, p. 15, pi. 2, figs. 11-14. 
Uospiralarvata Uliich and Scofield, Geol. Minneaota, 3, pt 2, 1897, p. 994 (gen. 

ref.). 
Hdicotoina(?) (lioepira?) larvata Schuchert, Froc. U. S. Nat Mus., 22, 1900, 

p. 166. 
Mohawkian: Allnmette laland, Ottawa River, Canada (Black River-Leray); 

Baffin Land. 

Itepira mleiila (HaU). 

Flemotomaria micula Hall, GeoL Rep. Wiaoonflin, 1862, p. 55, fig. 1. 

RaphJutoma micula Jamee, J. F., Amer. GeoL, 5, 1890, p. 355. 

Ii(Mpira micula Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 994, pi. 
68, figs. 24-29.— Weller, Geol. Stirv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 182, pi. 12^ 
fifS^ 24, 25.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 640, figs. 
871a^. 

'Kenton-Richmond: T^^sconsin, Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota (Maqnoketa); Ken- 
tucky, Ohio, Indiana, Tennessee, etc.; New Jersey, etc. 

Plenol^pet.— Cat. No. 45872, U.S.N.M. (Ulrich and Scofield). 

Uoapira modesta Ulrich. 

lio^ira modesta Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt 2, 1897, pi. 82, figs. 42-44. 
Black River (Decorah): Chatfield, Minnesota. 
J9b<o^pe.— Cat No. 45873, U.S.N.M. 

Iio«plra(f) mandula Ulrich. 

Lioqpira(?) mundula Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt 2, 1897, p. 999, pi. 69, figs. 
37-41.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 642, figs. 875a, b. 
Black River (Leray): Pauquettes Rapids, Ottawa River, Canada. 
Trenton: Mercer County and Danville, Kentucky. 
Cb^pef .— Cat No. 45874, U.S.N.M. 

Uoepira numeila (Billiogs). 

Fleurotomaria numeria BiUiBgis, Pal. Fon., Geol. Suhr. Canada, 1865, p. 229, 

figs. 213a, b. 
licMpira numeria Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 994 (gen. 

rrf.). 
Canadian (Quebec — G): Cape Nonnan, Newfoundland. 

Uoepira obtasa Ulrich and Scofield. 

Lioepira obtuaa Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt 2, 1897, p. 997, pi. 68, 

figs. 30-34. 
Black River (Platteville): Minneapolis, Minnesota; Dixon, Illinois; Beloit, 

Wisconsin. 
Cb^pet.— Cat. No. 45875, U.S.NJL 

Uosplra perlata (Hall). 

Fleurotomaria perlata HaU, PaL New York, 2, 1852, p. 349, pi. 84, figs. 5a-c.— 

Chamberlin, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, p. 193, fig.— Whiteavee, Pal. Foss., 

GeoL Surv. Canada, 3, pt 1, 1884, p. 22; ibid., pt 2, 1895, p. 75. 
Lioq>ira perlata (Ulrich) Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt 4, 

1906, p. 332 (gen. ref.). 
Fleurotomaria soiarioides Billings, Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 341, figs. 347a, b.— 

Lesley, GeoL Survey Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 715, figs. 
Kiagaran (Guelph): Gait, Ontario; Wisconsin. 

84243''—Bull. 9^— vol a— 15 8 



748 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Llosplra perslmlUs Ulrich. 

Lioepira peraimilifl Ulrich, GeoL Miimesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 998, pi. 68, figs. 

45^7.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foes., GeoL Surv. Canada, 3, pt 3, 1897, p. 192 (loc 

occ). 
Trenton: Hartsville, Tennessee (Catfaeye); Beindeer Island, Lake Winnipeg. 
C^pe«,— Cat. No. 45876, U.S.N Jl. 

Lioepira pr»Tla (Whitfield). 

Baphistoma pnevium Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mns. Nat. Hist., 2, 1889, p. 52, pi. 8, 
figs. 5-7.— Eoken, Neues Jahrb. f. Min., Geol. Pal., 6, Beilage-Band, 1889, 
p. 478.~Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Bep. P 4, 3889, p. 861, figs. 

LioGfpira pnevium Ulrich and Schofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 993 
(gen. ref.). 

Canadian (Beekmantown): Beekmantown, New York. 

Liospira progne (Billings). 

Pleurotomarla Progne Billings, Canadian Nat. GreoL, 5, 18^, p. 163, fig. 6; Geol. 
Canada, Creol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 181, fig. 176.— Lesley, Qeol, Surv. Penn- 
sylvania, Bep. P 4, 1889, p. 714, figs. 

Lioepira progne Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 996, pi. 48, 
figs. 38-44.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 640, fig. 
871e-g. 

Stones Biver-Trenton: Ottawa, Montreal, Belleville, etc., Canada (Treoton); 
Murfreesboro and Lebanon, Tennessee (Stones Biver and Blade Biver); 
Kentucky; Minnesota; etc. 

PUsiotypes.—Cht. Nos. 45877-45880, U.S.N.M 

Liospira rugata Ulrich. 

Liospira rugata Ubich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 999, pi. 69, figs. 33-36. 
Bichmond (Amheim): Lincoln County, Kentucky. 
flbtotyp€.— Cat. No. 45881, U.S.N Jl. 

Liospira strlgata Collie. 

Liospira strigata Collie, Bull. C^l. Soc. America, 14, 1903, p. 419, pi. 59, figa. 8, 9. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Bellefonte, Pennsylvania. 

Liospira subconcava Ulrich. 

Liospira subconcava Ulrich, Geol. Minneeota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 999, pi. 69, figs. 

30-32. 
Stones Biver (Murfreesboro): Near Murfreesboro, Tennessee. 
a)^pM.— Cat. No. 46061, U.S.N .M. 

Liospira subtilistrlata (Hall). 

Pleurotomarla subtilistriataHall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 172, pi. 37, figB.5a-d. — 
Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 233, pi. 6, figs. 11, 12. — ^Ford and 
Dwight, Ainer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 3d ser., 31, 1886, p. 253, pi. 7, figs. 1, lOa-i. — 
Lesley, Geol, Surv. Pennsylvania, Bep. P 4, 1889, p. 717, figs. 

Baphistoma subtilistrlata Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 425 (gen. ref.). 

Liospira subtilistrlata Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 944 
(gen. ref.).— Buedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 49, 1901, p. 33. 

Trenton: Watertown, etc.. New York. 

Liospira vitruTia (Billings). 

Pleurotomarla Vitruvia Billings, Pal. Fosb., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 171. 

Liospira vitruvia Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minneeota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 995, 

pi. 69, figs. 3-8. — Cumings, 32d, Ann. Bep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Bes. Indiana, 



BIBUOOBAPHIC UST OF 6BKEBA AND SPECIES. 749 

Itoplrm ▼ttniTla--Continued. 

1906, p 965, pi. 40, figs. 14, 14b.— <jiabaa and Shlmer, N. A. Index Foesils, 1, 
1909, p. 641, figB. 871h-k.— Foerete, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hiat., 21, 
1914, p. 139. 

Black Riyei^-Kichmond: F^uqnette'sBapids, Ottawa Biver, etc., Canada (Black 
River); New York; Ohio; Kentucky; TennesBee; Iowa; Wisconsm; Minne- 
sota, etc. 

Pkmot^pa.-'CKt. Noe. 4588^-15884, U.S.N J£ 

liomRACua HAOUBi BrOgger. See Ptychoparia haguei. 

LKMraucuB? JSB8STENSI8 WoUer. See^lenopleuia jeraeyenBU. 

USANIA Walcott. Genotype: Anomocarella? bum Walcott. 

Unnia Walcott, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 57, No. 4, 1911, pp. 82, 83; Cambrian Faunas 
of China, Carnegie Inst., 8, 1913, p. 163. 

UnaUf hlstngeri (Billings). 

Dikelocephalus Hisingeri Billings, Fkl. Foes., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 196, 

fig. 182. 
Cooocephalitee hisingeri Matthew, Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 10, sec.- 4, 1893, p. 11, 

footnote, 
lisania? hisingeri Walcott, Smiths. Misc. CoU., 57, No. 13, 1914, p. 351 (gen. ref.). 
Owkian? (Levis-erratic): Point Levis, Quebec. 

USSATBTPA Twenhofel. Crenotyx>e: L. atheroidea Twenhofel. 

lissateypa Twenhofel in Holtedahl, 2d Arct. Exp. Fram, 1898--1902, No. 32, 1914, 
p. 24.— Twenhofel, Bull. Victoria Mem. Mus., 3, 1914, p. 31. 

Unatrypft atheroidea Twenhofel. 

Lisaatrypa atheroidea (Twenhofel MS.) Holtedahl, 2d Arct. Exp. "Fram," 1898- 

1902, No. 32, 1914, p. 24.— Twenhofel, Bull. Victoria Mem. Mus., 3, 1914, p. 33, 

pi. 1, figs. 11-15. 
Anticostian (Gun River, Jupiter River): Jupiter River, etc., Anticosti. 

Unatrypft phoca (Salter). 

Bhyndionella phoca Salter, Sutherland's Jour. Voyage Baffin's Bay, etc., 2, 1852, 
p. 226, pi. 5, figs. 1-3. 

Atrypa phoca Hau^ton, Joum. (jeol. Soc. Dublin, 1, 1859, p. 240, pi. 5, figs. 3, 
4, 7. — Etheridge, Quart. Jour. Greol. Soc. London, 34, 1878, p. 576.— Wood- 
wiid, Geol. Mag., dec. 2, 5, 1878, p. 389, pi. 10, ^g. 8.— Lambe, Cruise of the 
"Arctic" in 1908-9, 1910, p. 481.— Lee, Proc. Roy. Phys. Soc. Edinbui:gji, 18, 
W2, p. 258. 

Hindella phoca Ami, Cruise of the '' Neptune," App., 1906, p. 329. 

Usaatrypa phoca Holtedahl, 2d Arct. Exp. ** Fiam," 1898-1902, No. 32, 1914, p. 25, 
pi. 7, fig. 13. 

Silurian: Cai>e Riley, Seal Islands, Bessels Bay, etc., Arctic America. 

Iteatrypft seheli Holtedahl. 

Lisaatrypa scheii Holtedahl, 2d Arct. Exp. <'Fram," 1898-1902, No. 32, 1914, p. 24, 

pL 7, figs. 9-12. 
Helderbeigian (Lower beds): Seal Bay, etc., Southwestern Ellesmereland, Arctic 

America. 

LnBODBNDBOK DiCHOTOMUM Eatou. Soo Buthotrephis gracilis. 

Lhhodictoon Conrad. Genotype: L. beckii Conrad. 

lithodictn<m Conrad, 1st Ann. Rep. New York Geol. Surv., 1837, p. 167, footnote. 
Obsnvation. — ^Not recognized. Founded on sand fillings in sun cracks. 



750 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Lithodictaon beckii Ck>iiiad. 

lithodictuon Beckii Conrad, Iflt Ann. Rep. New York GeoL Stmr., 1837, p. 167, 

footnote. 
Dictuolites beckii Hall, Nat. Hist. New York, Geol., 4, 1843, p. 48, pi. 1, fig. 1; 

ibid.. Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 6, pi. 3, fig. 1. 
Dictyophyton becki Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 158 (gen. lef.). 
Upper Medinan: Near Medina, New York. 

LiTHOSTBOTioN SxoKBSi Edwards and Haime. See Columnaria (Pal^eophyUum) 
stoked. 

LTTOCEBAS Hyatt. Genotype: L. wfaiteavesi Hyatt. 

litoceras Hyatt, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 22, 1884, p. 268.— Miller, N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 774.— Hyatt, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc., 32, 1894, 
p. 474. 

Lltoeeras bUngoIatum Hyatt. 

litoceras biangnlatum Hyatt, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 32, 1894, p. 479. 
Canadian (Quebec): Point Rich, Newfoundland. 

Lttoceras hercules (BiUings). 

Nautilus hercules Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1853-66, 1857, 

p. 306; Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 23 (loc. lef.). 
litoceras? hercules Hyatt, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc., 32, 1894, p. 480. 
Richmond (Charleton): Charleton Point, Anticosti. 

Litoceras inslgne CWhiteaves). 

Apsidoceras insigne Whiteaves, Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 7, sec. 4, 1890, p. 82, 

pi. 17. 
litoceras insigne Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Creol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 125. 
Richmond (Stony Mountain): Stony Mountain, Manitoba. 

Lltoeerasf insolens (Billings). 

Nautilus insolens Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Creol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 258. 
litoceras insolens? Hyatt, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc., 32, 1894, p. 476. 
Chazyan (Quebec — ^L): Point Rich and Gaigamelle Cove, west coast Newfound- 
land. 

LrrooERAs vbbsutum Hyatt. See litoceras whiteaves!. 

Lttoceras rersutum (Billings). 

Nautilus versutus Billings, Pal. Foes., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 258. 
Canadian (Quebec — ^H): Bonne Bay, Newfoundland. 

Litoceras whltearesl Hyatt. 

Litoceras versutum Hyatt (not Billings), Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 22, 1884, 

p. 268. 
litoceras whiteavesi Hyatt, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc., 32, 1894, p. 475. 
Canadian (Quebec): Point Rich and Gaigamelle Cove, Newfoundland. 

LrrroBiNA antiqua Hall. See Holopea antiqua. 

LnroBiNA OANCEIXATA Hall. See Strophostylus cancellatus. 

LITUITES Montfort. Crenotype: L. lituus Montfort. 

lituitesMontfort, Conch. Syst., 1, 1808, p. 279.— Quenstedt, Neues Jahrb. f. Min., 

etc., 1840, p. 276.— D'Orbigny, Prodr. de Pal., 1, 1849, p. 1.— Saraoaiuiy 

Paloontogpraphica, 3, 1852, pp. 159, 163.— Pictet, Traite de Pal., 2d ed., 2, 

1854, p. 630.— McCoy, Bntish Pal. Rocks Foss., 1854, p. 323.— Banande, 



BIBLIOGBAPHIG LIST OF OENEBA AND SPECIEB. 751 

UT UlTKS— Oontmued . 

Neues Jahib. f. Min., etc., 1854, p. 6, pi. 1, fig. 3.— Emmons, Amer. Geology, 
1, pt 2, 1855, p. 146.— Banande, Bull. Soc. Geol. France, 2d ser., 12, 1855, 
p. 158.~Billixigs, Canadian Nat. Geol., 2, 1857, p. 136. --Chapman, Canadian 
Jour., n. B., 8, 1863, p. 23; Expos. Min. Geol. Canada, 1864, p. 131.— Bar- 
node, Syst. Sil. du Centre Boheme, 2, 1867, pt. 1, p. 168; Cephalopodes, 
Ext. Syst. Sil. du Centre Boheme, 1877, p. 107.— Koninck, Ann. d. Mus. 
Roy. Hist. Nat. de Belgiqne, 2, 1878, p. 82.— Angelin, Fragmenta Silurica, 
1880, p. 8.— Remele, Zeits. d. d. geol. Gesell., 32, 1880, p. 434.— Blake, Mon. 
Bndflh Fo8B.y Cephalopoda, 1882, p. 66.— Noetling, Zeits. d. d. geol. Gesell., 
34, 1882, pp. 156, 189.— Hyatt, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 22, 1883, p. 267, 
footnote. — ^NoetHng, Jahrb. d. k. Preuss. geol. Landesans. u. Beigak. ffir 1883, 
1884, p. 129.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1884, pp. 376, 377.— Holm, Pal. 
Ahhandl., Dames and Eayser, 3, Heft 1, 1885, p. 24.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal.» 
1889, p. 442.— Holm, Geol. Foien. Stockholm Forhandl., 13, 1891, p. 438.— 
Sdu^kler, Pal., Abhandl. von Dames u. Kayser, Nene Folge, 1, Heft 4, Jena, 
1891, p. 43.— HyaU, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc., 32, 1894, p. 506.— Koken, Die 
Leitfoeeilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 50, fig. 35. 
Observation. — This genus is apparently unrepresented in American strata, and 
tU refraences to it by American authors are probably erroneous. 

Lmnns Akkricanus Miller. See Bairandeoceras americanum. 

IffuiTBa AMMONius James. See Trocholites anmionius. 

LmjTTEs Apollo Billings. See Eurystomites apollo. 

Lmrms bakri James. See Gyroceras baeri. 

LmTins BioKMORBANUs Whitfield. See Plectoceras bickmoreanum. 

Lavma cancellatuh McChesney. See Nautilus? cancellatum. 

Iburbs cafax Hall. See Nautilus capax. 

Lmjms cnujuuLRiB James. See Trocholites circularis. 

Lmnrss comflanata Shumard. See Aphetoceras complanatum. 

Lmnns ookvolvans Hall. See Bairandeoceras americanum. 

Lmnna xatoni Whitfield. See Schroederoceras eatoni. 

LmTiTES EA10NI CAS8INEN8IS Whitfield. See Schrcederoceras cassinense. 

LiTums FABNSWOSTHI BllUngB. See Aphetoceras famsworthi and Tarphyceras 
ImisworthL 

LmjiTES ORAVTONENSis Meek and Worthen. See Discoceras graftonenae. 

Iffums Hkbculbs Winchell and Marcy. See Protophragmoceras hercules. 

LcrurrBS (Ofhidioceras?) hbrcules carrollbnsis Kindle and Breger. See Pro- 
tophragmoceras hercules canollensis. 

IjnnTBa impsxator Billings, See Eurystomites imperator. 

LmjiTEfl DiTSRNASTRiATUS Whitfield. See Trocholites intemastriatus. 

Lmrms? magniticum Bllli^igB. See Apeidoceras magnificum. 

LmTiRS M4^*»y" Hall. See Discoceras manhi. 



752 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

LiTxnTBS MULTIC08TATU8 Whitfield. See Discocerafl graftoneiiBe. 

Lituites murchisoni Troost. Not 

Lituites muichifioni Troost, 6th GreoL Bep. Tenneesee, 1841, p. 175. 
Ordovidan: Washingtcai County, Tennessee. 

Lltultesff nlAgarensis Spencer. 

lituites niagarensis Spencer, Bull. Mus. Univ. State Missouxi, 1, 1884, p. 09, pL 

7, fig. 9; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 4, 1884, p. 610, pi. 7, fig. 9. 
Niagaran dolomite: Hamilton, Ontario. 
Observation. — ^Poorly defined and figured. 

LiruTTBS OBTONi Mook. See Discoceras ortoni. 

LiTiTrrBS Paunxtrus Billings. See Schroederoceias palinurus. 

LmriTES PLANOBBiFOBMis Jamos. See Trocholites planorbiformis. 

Utultesff pluto Billings. 

Lituites Pluto Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 259. 
Chazyan (Quebec — L): Point Rich, Newfoundland. 

LrrurrES bobbbtsoki Hall. See Eurystomites robertsoni. 

Lrrurrss beelyi Whitfield. See Tarphyceras seelyi. 

LrrurrES undatus Hall. See Plectoceras halli and P. undatum. 

LrruiTBS undatus var. oocidbntalis Hall. See Plectoceras undatum occidentale. 

LLOTDIA Yogdes. Genotype: Bathyurus bituberculatus Billings. 

Lloydia Vogdes, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 63, 1890, p. 97; Cal. Acad. Sci., Occ. 
Pap., 4, 1893, p. 320.-~Eaymond, Bull. Victoria Memorial Mus., 1, 1913, 
p. 66. 

Uoydla bituberculatus (Billings). 

Bathyurus bituberculatus Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 319, ^. 22; 
Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 238, ^, 270; Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. 
Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 410, fig. 391. 

Lloydia bituberculatus Vogdes, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 63, 1890, p. 97. — ^Ray- 
mond, Bull. Victoria Memorial Mus., 1, 1913, p. 67, pi. 7, fig. 15. 

Ozarldan? (Levis — erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

Uoydla oblongus (Billings). 

Bathyurus oblongus Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 321, Gg. 25; Geol. 

Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 238, fig. 268 (fig. only); Pal. Foss., 1, 

Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 412, ^. 394. 
Lloydia oblongus Raymond, Bull. Victoria Memorial Mus., 50, 1913, p. 68. 
Ozarldan? (Levis — erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

Lloydia saffordl (Billings). 

Bathyurus Saffordi Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 320, fig. 24; ibid., 6, 

1861, p. 313, figs. 1, 2; Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 239, f^. 

274a, b. — Chapman, Canadian Jour., n. s., 8, 1863, p. 29, ^. 142a; p. 192, 

fig. 162; Expos. Min. Geol. Canada, 1864, p. 137, ^, 142a; p. 164, fig, 162.— 

Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 259, figs. 241a, b; p. 411, 

fig. 393. 
Lloydia saffordi Raymond, Bull. Victoria Memorial Mus., 1, 1913, p. 67, pi. 7, 

Gg, 16. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): PhilUpsbuig and Point Levis, Quebec; Cowhead, 

Newfoundland. 



BIBUOGRAPHIC LIST OF QENEBA AND SPECIES. 753 

UojdU soltUriiis (BiUingB). 

Bathyniua solitarius BiUings, Pd. Fosb., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 362. 
Llo3rdia solitarius Raymond, Bull. Victoria Memorial Mus., 1, 1913, p. 67. 
OaiMidian(?): Hare Bay, NewfouiMUand. 

Uojdlsr strenuus (BilliDgB). 

Batfayams strenuus Billings, P^. Foes., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 18S5, p. 204, 

%188. 
lioydia strenuus Raymond, Bull. Victoria Memorial Mus., 1, 1913, p. 68. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): St. Antoine, above Quebec, Canada. 

lOCKBIA James. Genotype: L. siliquaria James. 

Lockeia James, Paleontologist, No. 3, 1879, p. 17; Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Kat. 
Hist., 7, 1886, p. 161, 

Loekela sfllquaria James. 

Lockeia siliquaria James, Paleontologist, No. 3, 1879, p. 17. 

Dawsonia siliquaria James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 14, pt. 2, 1892, p. 

162, ^. 7. 
Trenton (upper): Ohio River bank, near Ludlow, Kentucky. 

LOCUUPOBA Hall. Genotype: Fenestella perforata Hall. 

Locultpora Hall, Rep. State Geol. New York for 1884, 1886, p. 37.— Hall and 
Simpson, Pal. New York, 6, 1887, p. xxiii.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, 
p. 312.— Simpson, 13th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1893, 1896, pp. 
690, 716, 726; 47th Ann. Rep. New York State Mus., pp. 884, 910, 920; 14th 
Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, pp. 511, 620.— Grabau, Bull. 
Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 6, 1899, p. 160.— Nicklee and Basder, Bull. U. S. 
Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, pp. 38, 308.— Basder, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 
1906, p. 62. 
Tectulipora Hall, 7th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1887, 1888 [p. 395]; 
41st Ann. Rep. New York State Mua [p. 395]. (Not de&ied.)— Simpson, 
13th Ann. Rep. State (Jeol. New York for 1893, 1895, pp. 690, 716, 726; 47th 
Ann. Rep. New York State Mus., pp. 884, 909, 920; 14th Ann.' Rep. State 
Geol. New York, 1897, pp. 611, 620. 

LoenUpora amblgna (Hall). 

Honitrypa dubia Hall, 28th Ann. Rep. New York State Mus., 1876 (doc. ed.), 

pi. 11, figs. 17-21. 
Fenestella ambigua Hall, ibid., 1879, (Mus. ed.), p. 123, pi. 11, figs. 17-21; 11th 

Ann. Rep. Indiana Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 248, pi. 11, figs. 17-21. 
Loculipora ambigua Miller, N. A. Creol. Pal., 1889, p. 312.— Bassler, Bull. U. S. 

Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, pi. 18, figs. 13-16; pi. 21, ^g, 1. 
iBotrypa ambigua Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 634. 
Loculipora (Fenestella) ambigua Lesley, Rep. Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, P 4, 

1889, p. 356, figs. 
Niagaian (Waldron): Waldron, Indiana. 

LoeoUpoim ambl^a preeuraor Bassto. 

Loculipora ambigua var. precursor Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, 

p. 53. 
Clinton: Lockport, New York (Rochester); Osgood, Indiana (Osgood). 
Cb^fpet.— Oat. Nos. 36664, 36666, n;S.N Jf . 

Loculipora ulrlehl Bassler. 

ulrichi Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 63, pi. 21, fig. 2; 
pi. 25, figs. 22-24. 



754 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Loeullpora ulrichl— Continued. 

Clinton (Rochester): Lockport, Rochestery etc., New York; Grimsby and Tho- 

rold, Ontario. 
Cotype$.—<)»t. No. 35766, n.8.N Jf . 

LOGANELLUS Devine. Genotype: L. quebecensis Devine. 

Loganellus Devine, Canadian Nat. GeoL, 8, 1863, p. 98. — ^Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, 
Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, pp. 200, 201.— Hall and Whitfield, U. S. Geol. 
Expl. 40th Pari., 4, 1877, p. 209.— Miller, N. A. Geol. P^., 1889, p. 555. 

LofftneUns loganl (Devine). 

Olenus? Logani Devine, Canadian Nat. Geol., 8, 1863, p. 95, figs. 1, 2. (Named 

Loganellus quebecensis at end of description.)— Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. 

Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 201, figs. 185, 186. 
Ptychoparia logani Walcott, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 10, 1884, p. 36. 
Loganellus quebecensiB Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 555, fig. 1029. 
Ozarldan? (Levis-erratic): Point Levis, Quebec. 

LoQANBLLus QUBBBOBNsis MillsT. See Logaudlus logfeuii. 

LOGANOGBAPTUS Hall. Genotype: Giaptolithus logani Hall. 

Loganograptus Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Hist., 1868, p. 251, rev. ed.— 
Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 299.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1st App., 1892, 
p. 669.— Barrois, Ann. Soc. Geol. du Nord., 21, Lille, 1893, p. 108.— Koken, 
Die LeitfosEolien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 415. — Wiman, Bull. Geol. Inst. Univ. 
Upsala, 2, pt. 2, No. 4, 1896, p. 265.— Elles, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 
64, 1898, p. 475.— Elles and Wood, Mon. British Grapt., Pal. Soc., 1902, p. 
80.— Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 7, 1904, p. 630, 631. 

Loganograpsus Nichc^n, Mon. British Grapt., 1872, p. 110; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 
4th ser., 11, 1873, p. 138. 

LoQAKOORAFTUs KJBBUI4FI Hetiman. See Dichograptus octobrachiatus. 

Lofftnograptus logani (Hall). 

Graptolithus logani Hidl, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. for 1857, p. 115; Canadian 
Nat. Geol., 3, 1858, p. 142, pi. 1, figs. 1-6; pi. 2, figs. 1-4; 12th Rep. New York 
State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1859, p. 51, figs. 12, 13, p. 50; Pal. New York, 3, 1859, 
p. 602, figs. 1-3.— Billings, Geol. Canada, Creol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 226, 
fig. 234.— Chapman, Expos. Min. and Creol. Canada, 1864, p. 100, ^, 67; 
p. 163, ^. 159.— Hall, Qeol. Surv. Canada, Canada Oig. Rem., dec. 2, 1865, 
p. 100, pi. 9, figs. 1-9; pi. 11, fig. 7, p. 9, figs. 5, 6. — Chapman, Canadian Jour., 
8, 1863, p. 191, Gg, 159.— MiUer, N. A. €^eol. Pal., 1889, p. 190, fig. 178.— 
Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 265, figs. 

Graptolithus (Loganograptus) logani Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. 
Hist., 1868, p. 175, figs. 6, 7; p. 226; rev. ed., 1870, p. 208, figs. 6, 7; p. 238. 

Graptolithus (Monoprion) logani Hall, ibid., 1868, p. 223; rev. ed., p. 260. 

Graptolites (Didymograptus) logani McCoy, Creol. Surv. Victoria, Prodr. Pal. 
Victoria, dec. 1, 1874, p. 19. 

Dichograpsus logani Nicholson, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 1, 1868, p. 56, pi. 
3, fig. 6. 

Dichograptus logani Nicholson, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 24, 1868, p. 128.— 
Herrmann, Geol. Mag., dec. 3, 3, 1886, p. 24.— Matthew, Trans. Royal Soc. 
Canada, 10, sec. 4, 1893, p. 97; ibid., 11, 1893, p. 114.— Roemer and Freeh, 
Leth. P^., 1, 1897, p. 696, ^. 162; pi. 3, ^. 9. 



BIBUOGBAPHIC LIST OF GEKEBA AND SPECIES. 755 

Lifmnofr^tus loganl — Continued. 

Loguiograptufl bgani Hall, 20th Ann. Rep. New York State Cab. Nat., 1867, p. 
226.— Nicholaon, Mon. British Grapt., pt. 1, 1872, p. 109, fig. 52c; p. 110.— 
Ethendge, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 14, 1874, p. 4, pi. 3, figs. 11, 12.— 
Ami, Geol. Surv. Canada, Bep., 2d ser., 3, pt. 2, 1889, p. 117k.— Elles, Qiiart. 
Joor. Qeol. 8oc. London, 54, 1898, p. 476. — ^Ruedemann, Ann. Bep. New 
York State Pal., 1902, pp. 556, 570.— Elles and Wood, Mon. British Grapt., pt. 

1, Pal. Soc., 1902, p. 81, pi. 11, figs. la-g. — ^Ruedemann, Mem. New York 
State Mus., 7, pt. 1, 1904, pp. 631-633, pi. 9, figs. 3-6; fig. 46. 

Dichogn^tus (Loganograptus) logani Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 

1, 1906, p. 28, fig. 41a. 
Ouiadian: Point Levis, Quebec (Levis, Didymograptus and Diplograptus denta- 

tos zones); Deepkill, Rensselaer County, New York (Deepkill, Tetragraptus 

and D. dentatus zones); St. Johns, New Brunswick (Bretonian — Div. C 3d); 

Ehigland; Austzalia. 

LoMATocxBAs Broun. See MonogiaiytUB GeLoitz. 

LONCHOCSPHALUS Owen. Genotype: L. chippewaensis Owen. 

Londiocephalus Owen, Rep. Geol. Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, 1852, p. 575. — ^Bar^ 

lande, N. Jahrb. f . Min., 1853, p. 336.— Hall, 16th Ann. Rep. New York State 

Oib. Nat. Hist., 1863, pp. 147, 160.— Shumaid, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 

2, 1863, p. 104.— Hall, Trans. Albany Inst., 5, 1867, p. 129.— Miller, N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 555. 

LoBchoceiAaliis eaktfems (Walcott). 

Cooocephalites calciferus Walcott, 32d Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 

1880, p. 129. 
Ptychopaiia caldfera Dwig^t, Trans. Vassar Bros. Inst., 4, 1887, p. 208. — ^Lesley, 

Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 831, fig.— Weller, Geol. Surv. 

New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 117, pi. 1, fig. 14.— Walcott, Bull. U. S. Geol. 

Surv., 30, 1886, p. 21. 
Loochocephalus calciferus Walcott, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 57, 1912, p. 270, 'pL 

43, figs. 7-lOa. 
Qnridan or Upper Cambrian: Saratoga Springs and south of Pou^ikeepde, 

New Yoftk (Hoyt); Blairstown, New Jersey (Kittatinny). 
Cot^pet.—Cat. Noe. 58554-^8556, U.S.N.M. 

LoNCBODOMAs AngeUu. See Ampyx subgenus Lonchodomas. 

LoMCBODOiiAS HALLi Billings. See Ampyx (Lonchodomas) halli. 

lOPHIOSTBOMA Nidiolson. Genotype: Labechia? schmidti Nicholson. 

Lophioetioma Nicholson^ Mon. British Strom., 1891, p. 160 (footnote). 
Chalazodes Parks, Univ. Toronto Studies, Geol. Ser., 5, 1908, p. 33, pi. 11, figs. 
1-8; ibid., 7, 1910, p. 29. (Genotype: 0. grafiulatum Parks.) 

lophkMtroma grsnolatam (Parks). 

Chalazodes granulatum Parks, Univ. Toronto Studies, Geol. Ser., 5, 1908, p. 36, 

pL 9, fig. 7; pi. 11, figs. 1, 2, 7, 8. 
Uipfaiostioma granulatum Parks, ibid., 7, 1910, p. 29 (gen. ref.). 
Niagwan: Drummond Island, Lake Huron. 
Hoio^pe.— Cat. No. 36940, U.S.N.M. 

lophkMtroma magnum (Parks). 

Chalazodes magniun Parks, Univ. Toronto Studies, GeoL Ser., 5, 1908, p. 38, pi. 
9, fig. 8; pL 10, fig. 8; pi. 11, figs. 5, 6. 



756 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Lophlostroma magnum— Oontinued. 

Lophioetroma magnum Parks, ibid., 7, 1910, p. 29 (gen. ref.). 

Niagaian: Tehkummah and Aaedginack, Manitoulin Idand, Point Detour, Lake 

Huron. 
J3bIo(yp«,— Cat. No. 36941, U.S.N Jl. 

Lophlostroma romlngeri (Parks). 

Ghalazodes romingeri Parks, Univ. Toronto Studies, Geol. Ser., 5, 1908, p. 41, 

pi. 14, fig. 2. 
Lophiostroma romingeri Parks, ibid., 7, 1910, p. 29 (gen. ref.). 
Niagaran: Drift at Ann Arbor, Michigan. 
Holotype.—G&t. No. 36813, U.S.N.M. 

Lophlostroma splndicandum (Parks). 

Ghalazodes spindicandum Parks, Univ. Toronto Studies, Geol. Ser., 5, 1908, p. 

40, pi, 9, fig. 9; pi. 11, figs. 3, 4. 
Lophiostroma spindicandum Parks, ibid., 7, 1910, p. 29 (gen. ref.). 
Niagaran (Louisville): Louisville, Kentud^. 
Holotype.— Cat. No. 36936, U.S.N Jl. 

LOPHOSPIBA Whitfield. 

Genotypes: Murchisonia bidncta Hall and M. semilata Salter. 
Murchisonia and Pleurotomaiia of authors. 

Lophospira Whitfield, Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1, 1886, p. 312.— Donald, Quart, 
Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 43, 1887, p. 618.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 
406.— Eoken, Neues Jahrb. f . Min., Geol., Pal., 6, Beilage-Band, 1889, pp. 373, 
478.— Donald, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 51, 1895, p. 212.— Koken, 
Neues Jahr. f. Min., Geol., Pal., 1, 1898, pp. 17, 25.— Uhich and Scofield, 
Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, pp. 9pl-960.— Donald, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. 
London, 58, 1902, p. 332.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Bep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Bes. 
Indiana, 1908, p. 951.— <7rabau and Shimer, N. A. Index FoesilB, 1, 1909, p. 
631.— Dall, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 525. 
, Ruedemannia Foerste, Bull. Sci Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 312. (Geno- 
type: Lophospira lirata Ulrich.) 

Lophospira abbroTtata (Hall). 

Murchisonia uniangulata var. abbreviata Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 304, pL 

83, figs. 2a-d. 
Lophospira uniangulata var. abbreviata Whitfield and Hovey, Bull. Amer. Mus. 

Nat. Hist., 11, pt. 1, 1898, p. 52 (gen. ref.). 
Buedemannia abbreviata Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 311. 
Cindnnatlan (Pulaski): Turin and Bome, New York. 

Lophospira abnormls Ulrich. 

Lophospira abnormis Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 974, pi. 73, figs. 

36-40. 
Trenton (Upper): €k>vington, Kentucky. 
Cotypet.-O&t, No. 45885, U.S.N.M. 

Lophospira acuminata Ulrich and Scofield. 

Lophospira acuminata Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 973, 

pi. 73, fig. 8.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Bep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Bes. Indiana, 1908, 

p. 966, pi. 40, ^. 15.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 634, 

fig.859d. 
Murchisonia acuminate Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 768. 
Bichmond: Bichmond, Indiana (Whitewater); Blanchester, Ohio; Spring Valley, 

Minnesota (Maqu<^eta). 
Eohtype-QAt. No. 45886, U.S.N Jl. 



BIBUOQBAPHIC LIST OP QBKEBA AND SPBCIES. 757 

Kophosplra ampU XTIrich. 

Lc^^MMpira ampla Ulrich, Geol. Kiimesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 981, pi. 73, figs. 
52-54.— Oamingn, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Ged. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 966, 
pi. 41, figs. 1, lb.^<jiabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 635, 
figs. 860d-e. 

liurdiiscmia ampla Miller, N. A. Oeol. Fd., 2d App., 1897, p. 768 (gen. lef.). 

Bichmond: RJchmomd, Indiana; Boyle and linooln Ckmnties, Kentucky. 

Cb^pet.— Oat. Nos. 45887, 45888, U.S-N Jl. 

Kfopliosplra au^atlna (BilHngs). 

Ifarchiafwiia augustina Billings, Pal. Fobs., 1, €^1. Smv. Canada, 1, 1865, p. 234, 

^.221. 
Lofdiospira angustina Uliich and Scoifield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 987, 

pi. 71, figs. 1, 2.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 636, 

^.861. 
Chazyan (Qnebec— H-N) : Pistolet Bay, Burnt Gape, Table Head, and Point Rich, 

Newfoundland. 
Trsnton (Stewartville): StewartviUe, Minnesota. 
Plmol^pe.— Cat. No. 45889, n.S.N.M. 

Kophospira angustliia mlnnesoteiisls TJlrich and Scofield. 

Lophospira augustina var. minnesotensb Ulrich and Scofield, €reol. Minnesota, 

3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 988, pi. 71, figs. 3, 4. 
Trentcm: StewartviUe, Minnesota (Stewartville); Ottawa, Ontario. 
Cb^pet.— Cat. No. 45890, U.S.N.M. 

Lophocpinit mraehne (Billings). 

Pkniotcnnaria Aradme Billings, Fd. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 31, 

^. 32 (adv. sheets 1862). 
Morchisonia Aradme Billings, Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 145, 

^. 94.— Lesley, Geol. Sxirv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 426, fig. 
Black River (Leiay): Pointe Claire, Fauquettes Rapids, and Murray Bay, Canada. 

Lophosplrm aspen (Billings). 

Morchisonia asper Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 458. 

Lophospira aq>era Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 963. — 

Raymond, Ann. Cam^e Mus., 4, 1908, p. 189, pi. 55, fig. 2. 
Qiasayan (Mingan): Mingan Islands, Canada. 

Lophoepira beatrlce Foerste. 

Lc^hospirabeatrice Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 310, pi. 2, 

figs. 8a, b. 
Richmond: Riviere des Hurons, near Vars, etc., Quebec. 

Lopfaoflptra biclneta (Hall). 

Murchiaonia bicincta HaU (not McCoy, 1844), Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 177, pi. 38, 
figs. 5ar-5f (?5g, 5h).— Enmions, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 162, pi. 5, 
figs. 6ft-c, 11.— Rogers, Creol. Pennsylvania, 2, pt. 2, 1858, p. 817, fig. 593.^ 
Miller, Cincinnati Quut. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 315. — ^Whitfield, Bull. Amer. 
Mus. Nat. Hist., 1, 1886, p. 312. 

Pletirotomaria bicincta Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, 
p. 122 (loc. occ.). 

Lophospira bicincta Ulrich and Scofidd, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 964, 
pi. 72, figs. 1-6.— Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 49, 1901, p. 30.— 
Comings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 967, pi. 40, 
figs. 16-16b.— Giabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 632, figs. 
866a-d. 



758 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Lophoaplra blelnet»— Ck)ntiiiued. 

Murchiaonia milleri Hall in Miller, Amer. Pal. Foas., 1897, p. 244.— Walcott, Mon. 
U. S. Geol. Surv., 8, 1884, p. 79, pi. 1, figs. 12, 12a- b; Amer. Jour. Sd. Arts, 
3d ser., 35, 1888, p. 237, figs. 3, 4.— ^Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1, 
1886, p. 312.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 430, fig.-- 
Whiteavee, Canadian Rec. Sci., 5, 1893, p. 320 (loc. occ.). 

Stones River-Richmond: Middleville, Turin, Watertown, etc., New York (Tren- 
ton); Murfreesboro, Tennessee (Stones River); Minnesota, Illinois, '^sconsin, 
and Kentucky (Black River); Spring Valley, etc., Minnesota (Richmond); 
Nevada (Pogonip), etc. 

Pkswtypes.—C&t. Nos. 46062, 47611, 47612, U.S.N.M. 

Lophospira blllliigsl Raymond. 

Lophoepira billingsi Raymond, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 20, 1905, p. 377; Ann. 

CSamegie Mtis., 4, 1908, p. 186, pi. 69, figs. 1, 2. 
Ghazyan (Aylmer): Aylmer, Quebec. 

Lophospira bisplralls (Hall). 

Pleurotomaria bispiralis Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 348, pi. 84, figs. 2a, b.— 

Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., (zeol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 74; Creol. Surv. 

Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 335. 
Lophospira bispiralis Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mu0., 5, 

1903, p. 71, pi. 10, figs. 0-9.— Orabau, Michigan (Jeol. Surv., (Jeol., 1st ser., 

p. 190, pi. 23, fig. 16.— Orabau and Shimer, N. A. Index FosbIIb, 1, 1909, p. 636. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Gait, etc., Ontario; Shelby and Rochester, New Yoik. 
Upper Monroan (Amherstburg): Detroit River region. 

Lophospira bowdenl (Safifoid). 

Murchisonia bowdeni Safford, Creol. Tennessee, 1869, pi. 3 (G), figs. 2ar-2c. 
Lophoepira bowdeni Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 986, 

pi. 72, figs. 40-43. — Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 

1908, pi. 41, figs. 4-4b.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 

635, figs. 862a-c. 
Trenton-Richmond: Hartsville, Nashville, etc., Tennessee (Catheys); Ohio 

. Indiana, and Kentucky (Maysvillo and Richmond). 
Pkriotypea.—Cfkt. No. 45891, U.S.N.M. 

Lophospira calclfera Whitfield. 

Lophoepira Calcifera Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 2, 1889, p. 55, pi. 9, 

figs. 8, 9. 
Murchisonia calcifera Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 411 (gen. ref.). 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Beekmantown, New York. 

Lophospira casU (Meek and Worthen). 

Pleurotomaria casii Meek and Worthen, Geol. Siuv. Illinois, 3, 1868, p. 359, pi. 

5, fig. 5.— Nettehroth, Kentucky Foss. Shells, Geol. Surv. Kentucky, 1889, 

p. 171, pi. 26, fig. 11. 
Niagaran: Bridgeport, near Chicago, Illinois (Racine); Louisville, Kentucky 

(Louisville). 
Pfc»o(ype.— Cat. No. 51341, U.S.N.M. 

LoFHOSPiBA Cassina Whitfield. See Eotomaria? cassina. 

Lophospira oentralls Ulrich. 

Lophospira centralis Uhrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 979, pi. 73, fig. 9. 
Murchisonia centralis Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 768 (gen. ref.). 
Stones River (Murfreesboro): Murfreesboro, Tennessee. 
J3bto(ype.— Cat. No. 46063, U.S.N.M. 



BIBUOOBAPHIC LIST OF QBNBBA AND SPECIBS. 759 

iMpkumginkt ehamberllnl (Whitfield). 

Mnrrfiiiwnut Ghamberlini Whitfield, Ann. Rep. Geol. Surv. WisconBin lor 1877, 

1878, p. 84; Geol. Wieconflin, 4, 1882, p. 317, pi. 24, fig. 4. 
Niigtnn (Guelph): Near Carlton, Wisconsin. 

Lo^iospirm dedla (BilHngs). 

Mnrchistmia CScelia Billii^gB, Pal. Foob., 1, Oeol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 233, fig. 

219.— Eoken, Neuee Jahrb f. Ifin., Geol. Pal., 6, Beilage-Ban<l, 1889, p. 368. 
Lopbosplra dcelia Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 963, 

(g«i. ref.). 
Oiaiyan (Qaebec— L): Table Head and Point Rich, Newfoundland. 

Lai^oeplrmt dree (Billings). 

Pleorotomaria dree Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1853-6, 1857, 

p. 303; Cat. Sil. Foes. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 17 (loc. ref.). 
Ridimond (English Head): English Head, Anticosti. 

LofAooplim conetimiila Ulrich and Scofield. 

Lophoepira condnnula Ulrich and Scofield, Creol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 966, 

pi. 72, figs, ie-19. 
Black River (Deonrah): Minneapolis and Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 
Cot^pes.-^CAt. Nos. 45892, 45893, U.S.N.M. 

Lopliosplni eonolde* Ulrich. 

Lophoqxira conoidea Ulrich, Creol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, pi. 73, fig. 22, p. 976. 
Mnrdiisonia conoidea Miller, N. A. Creol. Pal., 2ki App., 1897, p. 768 (gen. ref.). 
Trsnton (Cttthe3r8): Nashville, Tennessee. 
Fo<o^pe.-Cat. No. 45894, U.S.N.M. 

Lophoeptra eonndana Ulrich and Scofield. 

Muidusonia ventricosa Whitfield (not Hall), Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 218, 

pi. 5, ^. 18. 
Lophoqnra conradana Ulrich and Scofield, Qeol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 979, 

pi. 72, figs. 2^32. 
Black River (Platteville): Minneiq;)olis and St. Paul, Minnesota; Beldt, 

Coi^pa.'-C9X. No. 45895, U.S.N.M. 

lophosptam eonradl (Hall). 

Muichisonia conradi Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Hist., 1868, p. 344, pi. 
15 (6), fig. 19; rev. ed., 1870, p. 396, pi. 15, fig. 19.— Chamberlin, Geol. Wis- 
consin, 1, 1883, p. 193, fig.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, 
pt 1, 1884, p. 27; pi. 4, fig. 6; ibid., 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 80.— Teller, Trans. Wis- 
conein Acad. ScL Arts and Letters, 16, pt. 2, 1910, p. 1287, pi. 150. 

Lophoq[>ira Conradi (Ulrich) Whiteaves, Ged. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 
1906, p. 331, (gen. ref.). 

Nli^anm: Racine, WiKonstn (Racine); ESora, Ontario (Guelph). 



Lsphospira deeursa Ulrich. 

Lophospira decursa Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 975, pi. 73, fig. 10. 
Trenton (Wilmore?): Burgin, Kentucky, 
flblol^.— Cat. No. 45896, U.8.N.M. 

Upkoapira elerata Ulridi and Scofield. 

Lophoq)ira elevata Xniich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1897, p. 977, pi. 73, 
figi. 11-14. 



760 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL BniSBUM. 

Lophosplra eleTat»--€oiitiiiued. 

Murchiaonia elevata Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal , 2d App., 1897, p. 7d8 (gen. ref.). 
Trenton: Decorah, Iowa; Kenyon, etc., Goodhue County^ Minnefiota (ProeBer); 

Mercer County, Kentucky (Flanagan). , 

Co^pw.— Cat. Nob. 46897, 45898, U.S.N.M. 

Lophoeplra fasciata Savage. 

Lophospira foadata Savage, Bull. Greol. Surv. niinoiB, 23, 1913, p. 97, pi. 6, 

figs. 7 and 8. 
Upper Medinan*(Edgewood): Pike County, Missouri. 

Lophospira flllmorensls Ulrich and Scoileld. 

Lophospira fiUmorensis Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2,1897, pi. 

72, figs. 20-24. 
Trenton (Prosser): Wykoff and Fountain, Fillmore County, Minnesota. 
CoQ^pw.— Cat. Nob. 45899, 45900, U.S.N.M. 

Lophospira guelphica WMteaves. 

Murchisonia sp. Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 79, 

pi. 12, fig. 3. 
Lophospira Guelphica Whiteaves, ibid., pt. 4, 1906, p. 331. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Durham, Ontario. 

Lophospira hammelll (Miller). 

Murchisonia hammelli Miller, 18th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Nat. Res., 1894, 

p. 319, pi. 9, figs. 41, 42 (adv. sheets, 1892). 
Lophospira hammeUiCumings, 32d Ann. Hep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, 

p. 969, pi. 41, figs. 3, 3a. 
Richmond (Whitewateiv— Saluda): Madison, Indiana. 

Lophospira helleteres (Salter). 

Murchisonia helleteres Salter, Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 1, 1859, p. 21, pi. 4, figs. 

2-4.— Whitfield, Geol. Wisconmn, 4, 1882, p. 220, pi. 5, ^, 17.--Chamberlin, 

Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, p. 157, fig.— Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. 

Hist., 1, 1886, p. 312. 
Lophospira helicteree Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 632, 

fig. 857. 
Black River: Allumette Island, Ottawa River, Canada (Leray); Mercer County, 

Kentucky; Wisconsin. 

Lophospira helleteres wlsconslnensis Ulrich and Scofield. 

Lophospira helleteres var. wisconsinenBis Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 

3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 971, pi. 72, figs. 25-28.— <jrabau, Amer. Nat., 36, 1902, p. 

939, fig. 14. 
Loi^ospira wisconflinensis Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 

633, fig. 858. 
Black River (Platteville): Minneapolis, Minnesota; Beloit, Wisconsin; Dixon, 

Illinois. 
Co<yj)e«.— Cat. Nos. 45901, 45902, U.S.N.M. 
Observation. — See L. tricarinata Hall. 

Lophospira! hermione (Billings). 

Murchisonia Hermione Billings, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 1, 1865, p. 33, 

figs. 34, 35 (adv. sheets 1862).— Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 4, 1908, p. 

217. 
Pleurotomaria Hermione Koken, Neues Jahrb. f. Min., Geol., Pal., 6 Beilage- 

Band, 1889, p. 335. 
Canadian (?): South point of Large Island, Mingan Islands, Canada. 



BIBUOORAPHIC LIST OF GENERA. AND SPECIES. 761 

Loiihosplrm hespelerensls (Whiteaves). 

Mnrchiflcmia Heepelerenflifl Whiteavee, Pal. Foaa., G«ol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 1, 

1«84, p. 24, pi. 4, fig. 3; ibid., 3, pt. 2, 1896, p. 79 (loc. occ). 
Ujpba^m, Hespderensifl (Ulrich) Whiteavee, ibid., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 331 (gen. 

wf.). 
Niagaian (Gaelph): Hespder and Glenelg, Ontario. 

loplMtpin humllis Ulrich. 

Loi^ioflFira humilie Ulrich, Geol. Minneeota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 968, pi. 72, figs. 
12-15. 

Horchifloma humilis Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 768 (gen. ref.). 

Trenton: Mercer and Boyle Counties, Kentucky (Flanagan); Hartsville, Ten- 
nessee ((}atheys). 

Oo^pei.— Cat. No. 45903, U.S.N Ji. 

lo^ooplim Jessica (BillingB). 

MurdiiflODia Jessica Billings, Pal. Foas., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 189, ^. 

170. 
Oarkian? (Levia— erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

Lopho8pira(f) knoxflllensls (Ulrich). 

Lophospm(7) knoxviUenais Ulrich, Geol. Minneeota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 989, pi. 

65, figs. 38-40. 
Trochonema knoxvillensis Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 770 (gen. 

ref.). 
Gbasyan (Lenoir): Near Knoxville, Tennessee 
Cb<ypet.— Cat. No. 46064, U.S.N.M. 

Upbospira (fSeelya) llraU Ubich. 

Lophoqxira (TSeelya) lirata Ulrich, Creol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 988, pi. 72, 

figs. 56-^9. 
Mnrrhinonia lirata Miller, N. A. Gwl. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 768 (gen. ref.). 
Ruedemannia lirata Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Benison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 312. 
Eden (Economy, Southgate): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
Foto^.— Cat. No. 46904, U.S.N.M. 

Lophospira (fSeel^a) lirata obsoleta Ulrich. 

Lophoepira (TSeelya) lirata var. obsoleta Ulrich, Creol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, 

p. 989. 
Eden (Economy, Southgate): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
BoM^pc—CiX, No. 46905, U.S.N.M. 

Lophospira medlalis Ulrich and Scofield. 

Lophogpira medialis Uliich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 973, 
pi. 73, figs. 23-29.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 181, pi. 
12, 6g. 28.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 634, figs. 
859e-h.— Baaaler, Bull. Virginia Geol. Surv., 2a, 1909, p. 183, figs. 20, 1-4. 

Murchiflonia medialis Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 768 (gen. ref.). 

Trenton: St. Paul, Wyko£f, etc., Minnesota (Proeser); Burgin and Danville, Ken- 
tucky (Flanagan); Teimessee; Viiginia; New Jersey; etc. 

C5oCype».— Cat. Nos. 45906, 45907, U.S.N.M. 

Lophosplra medlaUs burglnensls Ulrich. 

Lophoepira medialis var. buiginensis Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 

974, pi. 73, figs. 30, 31. 
Trenton (Flanagan): Buigin, Danville, Lexington, etc., Kentucky. 
CU^pef.--Gat. No. 45908, U.S.N.M. 



762 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Lophosplra modesta (Billings). 

Murchisonia modeeta Billings, (jeol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1853-6, 1857, 

p. 229; Cat. Sil. Fobs. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 18 (loc. ref.). 
Lophospira modesta Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 962 

(gen. ref.). 
Richmond (English Head, Charleton): English Head, etc., Anticoeti. 

Lophospira multioruma Ulrich and Scofield. See Lophospira tropidophora. 

Lophosplra mjlitta (Billings). 

Murchlsonia Mylitta Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 157, fig. 

140. — Koken, Neues Jahrb. f. Mln., Geol., Pal., 6, Beilage-Band, 1889, p. 

368.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, p.* 79. 
Lophospira Mylitta (Ulrich) Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 

1906, p. 331 (gen. ref.). 
Niagaran (Guelph): Elora, Ontario; Wisconsin. 

Lopho8pira(l) notabiiis Ulrich. 

Lopho6pira(?) notabiiis Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 990, pi. 72, 

figs. 33-35. 
Trochonema notabile Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 770 (gen. ref.). 
Black River (Lowville): Maury County, Tennessee; Mercer County, Kentud^; 

Watertown, New York, 
flblotypc.— Cat. No. 45909, U.S.N.M. 

Lophosplra obllqua Ulrich. 

Muichisonia bicincta Salter (not Hall, 1847), €^1. Surv. Canada, Canada Oig. 
Rem., dec. 1, 1859, p. 19. 

Lophospira obliqua Uhrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 965, pi. 72, figs. 6-8. 

Black River: High Bridge, Kentucky; Watertown, New York (Lowville); Lin- 
coln County, Missouri (Auburn). 

Cofype*.— Cat. No. 45910, U.S.N.M. 

Lophospira ohioensis (James) . Not recognisable. 

Pleurotomaria trilineata James, Cat. Low. Sil. Foss. Cincinnati Group, 1875, p. 6 

(nom. nud. preoccupied). 
Pleurotomaria Ohioensis James, Paleontologist, No. 2, 1878,. p. 12. 
Lophoepira ohioensis Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 950 (gen. ref.). 
Eden: Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Lophosplra owenl Ulrich and Scofield. 

Lophospira oweni Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 980, 

pi. 73, figs. 41-45.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal. 3, 1903, p. 181, pi. 

12, fig. 34.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 634, ^. 

860ar-c. 
Murchlsonia oweni Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 768 (gen. ref.). 
Black River; High Bridge, Kentucky (Lowville); St. Paul, Cannon Falla, etc., 

Minnesota (Decorah); Poland and Watertown, New York; Lincoln County, 

Missouri; New Jersey. 
Cotypes.—C'&t. Nos. 45911, 45912, U.S.N.M. 

Lophospira? papulosa (Billings). 

Murchlsonia papillosa Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1853-^, 

1857, p. 301; Cat. Sil. Fossils, Anticoeti, Geol. Survey Canada, 1866, p. 55 

(loc. ref.). 
Gamachian (Ellis Bay): Gamache Bay, Anticoeti. 



BIBUOORAPHIC LIST OF GENERA Alrt) SPECIES. 763 

Lophocpira peracuta Ulrich and Scofield. 

Lopho^ira peracuta Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. ^Gnnesota, 3, 1897, p. 976, pi. 73, 

figs. 15-17. 
tforchiflonia peracuta Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 768 (gen. ref.). 
Stones Biver (Lebanon): Lebanon, Tennessee. 
Black Kiver (Decorah): St. Paul, Minnesota. 
Cb^rpes.— Cat. Noe. 46065, 46066, U.S.N.M. 

Lophosplra perangulata (Hall). « 

Moichiaonia penngulata Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 41, pi. 10, fig. 4 (net 
p. 179, pL 38, figs. 7a, b).— Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 458.— 
Eoken, Neues Jahrb. f. Min., Geol. Pal., 6, Beilage-Band, 1889, p. 368. 

Mnrchiflcmia bicincta var. perangulata Salter, Canadian Organic Kemains, dec. 1, 
1859, p. 19, pi. 4, ^, 7. 

Lophcspira perangulata Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 
972, pi. 63, figs. 1-7.— -Ruedemann, Bull. Nev York State Mus., 49, 1901, 
p. 31. — ^Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 4, 1908, p. 188, pi. 49, figs. 7, 8. — 
Gfabaa and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 633, figs. 859a-c.— 
BasBler, Bull. Virginia Geol. Surv., 2a, 1909,*pl. 3, figs. 9-13. 

Black River: Watertown, New York; Minnesota; Kentucky; Tennessee; Vir- 
ginia; Canada (Lowville); Lincoln County, Missouri (Auburn). 

Stones River (Murfreesboro): Murfreesboro, Tennessee. 

Cbazyan: Valcour Island and Chazy, New York. 

Pi«ioQfpe».— Cat No. 46067, U.S.N .M. 

lofAo^ln perforata Ulrich and Scofield. 

Mmchisonia bicincta? Meek and Worthen (not Hall, 1847), Geol. Siurv. Illinois, 
3, 1868, p. 317, pi. 3, ^g, 4. 

Lophospira perforata Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 984, 
pi. 73, figs. 32-35. 

Trenton: Jo Daviess and Canoll Counties, Illinois; Fountain, Minnesota; Jeffer- 
son County, New York. 

Cb^pet.— Cat. Nos. 45913, 45914, U.S.N.M. 

Lophoapln perlamellosa Ulrich. 

Lophospira perlamelloea Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 985, pi. 73, 

figs. 55, 56. 
Mmchisonia perlamellosa Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 768 (gen. 

ref.). 
Richmond (Waynesville): Hanover, Butler County, Ohio, 
flbfo^pe.— C^t. No. 45915, U.S.N3f . 

Lophospirs procera Ulrich. 

Lophospira procera UMch, Creol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 968, pi. 72, Gg. 9. 
Stones River (Murfreesboro): Murfreesboro, Tennessee, 
flbto^/^.— Cat. No. 46068, U.S.N.M. 

Lophospira products Ulrich. 

Lophospixa producta Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 976, pi. 73, fig. 21. 
Trenton (Catheys): Nashville, Tennessee. 
Hoiotype.'-CAt. No. 45916, U.S.N.M. 

Lo||ho8plra pulchella Ulrich and Scofield. 

Lopho6piia pulchella Uhichand Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1897, p. 982, pU 73, 
figs. 46-48.— Gxabau and Shinier, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 634, figs. 
859i-k. 
84243''— BulL 92— vol 2—15 4 



764 BULLETIN 92, UIHTBD STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Lophospira pulchella — Gontmued. 

Trenton (Flanagan): Buigin, Danville, etc., Kentucky. Black River (Decorah): 

Near Cannon Falls, Minnesota. Richmond: Spring Valley, Minnesota. 
CoQ^pe«.— Cat. Nos. 46917, 45918, U.S.N.M. 

Lophospira quadrlsulcata Ulrich and Scofield. 

Lophospira quadrisulcata Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, 

pi. 72, figs. 10-11.— Gtabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 632, 

figs. 856e-f . 
Murchisonia quadrisulcata Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 768 

(gen. ref.). 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Spring Valley, etc., Minnesota. 
Holotype.—C&t. No. 45919, U.S.N.M. 

LoFHOSFiiiA BSOTANOULABiB Raymond. See Trochonema rectangulare. 

Lophospira rectistrlata Raymond. 

Lophospira subabhreviata Raymond (not D'Orbigny), Ann. Carnegie Mus., 3, 

1906, p. 501. 
Lophospira rectistriata Raymond, ibid., 4, 1908, p. 187, pi. 69, figs. 3-6. — Grabaa 

and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 632, ^, 855. 
Chazyan (Day Point, Crown Point): Oown Point, Valcour Island, and Chazy, 

New York. 

Lophospira saffordl Ulrich. 

Lophospira sa£fordi Ulrich, Geol. Minneeatay 8, pt. 2, 1897, p. 982, pi. 73, figs. 

49-51. \ 

Murchisonia saffordi Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 768 (gen. ref.). 
Trenton (Catheys): Near Nashville, Tennessee. 
Cotypes,—C&t. Nos. 45920, 45921, U.S.N.M. 

Lophospira seelyl Raymond. 

Lophospira seelyi Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 4, 1908, p. 190, pi. 55, fig. 3. 
Chazyan (Valcour): Isle La Motte, Vermont. 
Holotype,-<^t. No. 53632, U.S.N.M. 

Lophospira serrulata (Salter). 

Murchisonia tricarinata Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 178, pi. 38, fig. 6c 

(not 6a, b).— Whitfield, Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 219, pi. 6, ^, 16. 
Murchisonia helicteres (part) Whitfield (not Salter, 1859), Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 

1882, p. 220. 
Murchisonia sertulata Salter, G^l. Surv. Canada, dec. 1, 1859, p. 20, pi. 4, fig. 1.-^ 

Hall, Rep. Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, 1862, p. 439. — ^Billings, Geol. Canada, 

Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 145, ^, 93. — ^Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, 

Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 430, ^. 
Lophospira serrulata Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 968, 

pi. 72, figs. 51-55; pi. 73, ^. 57. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 

1, 1909, p. 636, %. 862d-f.— Bassler, Bull. Virginia Geol. Surv., 2a, 1909, 

pi. 3, fig. 8. 
Bl^k River: Mineral Point, etc., Wisconsin; St. Paul./ etc., Minnesota; Dixon, 

Illinois (Platteville); Pauquette Rapids, etc., Canada; Virginia; Tennessee. 
Pletnotypea.—Csit. Nos. 45922-45925, U.S.N.M. 

Lophospira sororcuia (Billings). 

Murchisonia sororcuia Billings, Pal. Foes., 1, (reol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 233, 
fig. 220. 



BIBUOGRiUPHIG UST OF QENEBA AND SPECIES. 765 

Lophospira sororeula — Continued. 

Lophospiia soiorcnla TJlrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 962 

(gen. ref.). 
Chazymn (Quebec— H-M): Table Head and Point Rich, Newfoundland. 

lopbospira splronema TJlrich and Scofield. 

Jjyjphoepiak spiionema TJlrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 

9S3, pi. 72, figs. 44-47.— Schuchert, Pioc. TJ. S. Nat. Mus., 22, 1900, p. 165. 
Muichjgnnia spironema Miller, N. A. Crebl. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 768 (gen. ref.). 
Black River: Chatfield and Cannon Falls, Minnesota (Decorah); Lincoln County, 

MtsBOUri (Auburn); Baflin Land. 
OX^pa.— Cat. Noe. 45926, 45927, TJ.S.N.M. 

Lopho^pzra subabbreviata (D'Orbigny). Not recognized. 

Murchisonia abbreviata Hall (not DeEoninck, 1841), Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 
32, pi. 6, 6g. 7. — Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 162, pi. 4, fig. 
11; pi. 5, fig. 13; Man. Geol., 1860, p. 98, fig. 87.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Penn- 
sylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 424, fig. 

Murchisonia decurta Hall in Miller's N. A. Pal. Foss., 1877, p. 244. 

Murchisonia subabbreviata D'Orbigny» PiodromeTal., 1, 1850, p. 8. 

Lophoepiia subabbreviata Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 4, 1908, p. 186. 

Chazyan: Chazy, New York. 

LopHOfiTOA BUBABBRBViATA Raymond. See Lophospira rectistriata. 

lophosplra sunmerein^ (Safford). 

Murchisonia sumnerensis Safford, Geol. Tennessee, 1869, pi. 3G, figs. la~f. 
Lophospira sumnerensis TJlrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 

978, pi. 73, figs. 18-20.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 

635, figs. 860i-i. 
Trenton: Nashville, etc., Tennessee (Catheys); Mercer and Boyle Counties, 

Kentucky (Flanagan); Wykoff, Minnesota (Proaser). 
Cotypa and pUsiotypes.—C&U No. 45928, TJ.S.N.M. 

Lophospira sybilUna (Billings). 

Fleorotomaria Sybillina Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 

1866, p. 54, fig. 19. 
Gamachian (Ellis Bay): Jimction Cliff, Anticosti. 

Lophospira tenulstrlata TJlrich. 

Lophospira tenuistriata TJlrich, Geol, Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 983, pi. 72, figs. 

4»-60. 
Eden (Southgate): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
Cb^p«.— Cat. No. 45929, TJ.S.N.M. 

Lophospira thebesensls Savage. 

Lophospira thebesensis Savage, Bull. Geol. Surv. Illinois, 23, 1913, p. 97, pi. 5, 
fig.SL 

Upper Medinan (Edgewood): Near Thebes, Illinois; Louisiana and near Edge- 
wood, Missouri. 

Lophospira trfearinata (Hall). 

Murchisonia tricarinata Hall (part). Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 178, pi. 38, figs. 

6a, 6b (not 6c). 
Murchisonia cf. tricarinata Sardeeon, Bull. Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sci., 4, 1896, p. 
75. 



766 BtJLLETIN Se, UNITTED STATES NATIONAL MUSBUM. 

Lophosplra trlcarlnata — Continued. 

Lophospira tricaiinata Whitfield and Hovey, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat-Hut, 11, 

pt. 1, 1898, p. 52 (gen. ref.). 
Black Biver (Platteville): Mineral Point, Wisconsin. 
Observation. — Probably the same as L. helicteres wisconsLaensis. 

Lophosplra(l) trochonemoldes XJlrich. 

Lopho6pira(?) trochonemoldes Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 990, pL 

65, figs. 41-44. 
Stones River (Murfreesboro): Murfreesboro, Tennessee. 
Holotype.—CBi, No. 46069, U.8.N.M. 

Lophospira tropldophora (Meek). 

Pleurotomaria (ScaUtes?) tropldophora Meek, Amer. Jour. ScL, dd ser., 4, 1872, 

p. 278; Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 1, 1873, p. 154, pi. 13, figs. 6a-c.— Lesley, Geol. 

Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 719, figs. 
Pleurotomaria tropldophora Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sd., 1, 1874, p. 317. 
Lophospira tropldophora Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, pi. 

72, figs. 36-39.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, 

p. 969, pi. 41, figs. 2-2d.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, 

p. 635, figs. 860f-h. 
Murchisonia multignuna Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1878, p. 

104, pi. 3, figs. 3-3a. 
Lophospira multignuna Ulrich and Scofield, G^l. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 978. 
Eden-Richmond: Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity; Richmond, etc., Indiana; 

Kentucky; Tennessee. 
Ple9iotype8.—Cs,t. Nos. 45930-45932, U.S.N.M. 

Lophospira uniangulata (Hail). 

Murchisonia uniangulata Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 179, pi. 28, fig. 8.— 

Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 162. 
Lophospira uniangulata Whitfield and Hovey, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist, 11, 

pt. 1, 1898, p. 52 (gen. ref.). 
Trenton: Middleville, New York. 

Lophospira uniangulata abbrbviata Whitfield ^ and Hovey. See Lophospira 
abbreviata. 

Lophospira yarians (Billings). 

Murchisonia varians Biilings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1853-6, 1857, 

p. 300; Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 18 (loc. ref.). 
Richmond (English Head): English Head, Anticosti. 

Lophospira yentrlcosa (Ebdl). 

Murchisonia ventricosaHall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 41, pi. 10, fig. 3. — Emmons, 

Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 162.— Billing8(?), Cat. Sil. Fobs. Anticosti, 

Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, pp. 18, 55 (loc. ref.). 
Black River (Amsterdam): Tribes Hill, Mohawk Valley, New York. 

Lophospira wisconsikbnsis Grabau and Shimer. See Lophospira helicteres wis- 
consinensis. 

Lophospira Xanthippe (Billings). 

Murclusonia Xanthippe Billings, Pal. Fobs., 1, G^l. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 155, 
fig. 137 (adv. sheets 1862).— Koken, Neues Jahrb. f. Min., Geol., Pal., 
6 Beilage-Band, 1889, p. 368.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 
3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 80 (loc. occ). 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC LIST OP GENEBA AND SPECIES. 767 

\«^<MSplrm xantblppe— Continued. 

Iciphoepira Xanthippe (Ulrich) Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Fobs., 3, 

pt 4, 1906, p. 331 (gen. ref.). 
Nugann (Gaelph): Gait, Ontario. 

LOXOCERAS McCoy. Genotype: Orthoceras (Loxoceras) breynii Martin. 

Loxoceraa McCoy , Syn. Carb. Fobb., 1844, p. 8.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1884, p. 

369.— Hyatt, Zittel-Eaatman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 627; 2d ed., 1913, p. 

608.— Ruedemann, Bull. New. York State Mus., 90, 1906, p. 486.— Grabau and 

Sfaimer, N. A. Index FobbUb, 2, 1910, p. 113. 
Sactoc€raa Hyatt, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 22, 1884, p. 273— Foord, Cat. 

Fobs. Ceph. Britiab Mus., 1, 1888, p. 207. (Genotype: OrthocoraB richteri 

Bazrande.) 

Lmoceras mllumettense (BilliDgs). 

Otthoceraa aUumettense Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1853-56, 
1857, p. 331; Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 463; Pal. Fobs., 1, Geol. Surv. 
(^mada, 1865, p. 254.— Banrande, Syst. Sil. du Centre Boheme, 2, pt. 3, 1874, 
p. 729, pi. 437, figs. 6-9. 

Actmoceras Allumettense Whiteaves, Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 9, sec. 4, 1892, 
p. 85, pi. 10, figs. 3, 3a; Pal. Fobs., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 209. 

Black River (Lcoray): Pauquette's Rapids, Ottawa River, etc., Canada. 

Qiaxyan (Quebec— M, N): Table Head, Point Rich, and Pistolet Bay, Newfound- 
land. 



dUBdeiis (Billings). 
Orthoceras diffidens Billings, Pal. Fobs, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 174. 
Chazyan (Mingan): Mingan Islands, Canada. 
Observation. — Probably the same as Loxoceras moniliforme. 

Unoeerfts mlllerl (Foeiste). 

OrdiocerBs (Loxoceras) milleri Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, 

p. 76, pL 1, 1910, fig. 5; pi. 2, fiigs. 24a, b. 
Troiton (Penyville): Seven miles south of Frankfort, Kentucky. 

loioceras moniliforme (Hall). 

Orthoceras moniliforme Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 35, pi. 7, fig. 5. 

Ormoceras moniUforme Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 315. 

Loxoceras moniliforme Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 90, 1906, p. 487, 

pL 34, figa 6-9.— Grabau and Shimer, N* A. Index Fosailfl, 2, 1910, p. 113, 

fig. 1346. 
Orthoceraa subarcuatum Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, pi. 7, £ig. 3 (apical part of 

type specimen) (see also Spyroceras clintoni Miller). 
Orthoceras subazcuatum Emmons, Amer.- Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 149. — ^Billings, 

Canadian Nat. CreoL, 4, 1859, p. 462. 
Chazyan (Crown Point, Valcour): Chazy and Plattsburg, New York. 

LOXONKMA PhiUipo. Genotype: L. sinuata Phillips. 

Loxonema Phillips, Pal. Fobs. Cornwall, Devon and W. Somerset, 1841, p. 98.— 
Emmons, Amer. Creology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 163.— Salter, Geol. Surv. Canada, 
dec. 1, 1859, p. 24, 30.— Meek and Worthen, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel- 
phia, 1860, p. 464; (Jeol. Surv. Illinois, 2, 1866, p. 377.— HaU, Pal. New York, 
6, pt. 2, 1879, p. 39. — Koninck, Ann. Mus. Roy. Hist. Nat. de Belgique, 6, 
1881, p. 39.— lindstrom, Kongl. Sven Vet. Akad. Handl., 19, No. 6, 1881, 
p. 141.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1882, p. 238.— Walcott, Mon, U. S. Geol. 
Surv., 8, 1884, p. 190.— Nettekoth, Kentucky, Fobs. Shells, Greol. Surv. 
Kentucl^, 1889, p. 177.— Koken, Neuea Jahrb. Min., Geol. Pal., 6, Beilage- 



768 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

LOXONEMA— Continued. 

Band, 1889, p. 440.— MiUer, N. A. GeoL Pal., 1889, p. 406.— Whidbome, 
Mon. Dev. Fauna South England, 1, Pal. Soc., 1891, p. 172.— Koken, Die 
Leitfoflsilien, Leipadg, 1896, p. 108. — Grabau, Bull. Bufbdo Soc. Nat. 
Sci., 6, 1899, p. 276.— Pilsbry, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 456. 

LoxoNBicA ACULBATUU BilUngs. See Hormotoma? aculeata. 

Loxonema boydl Hall. 

Loxonema Boydii Hall, Geol. Xew York, 4, 1843, p. 137, ^. 3; p. 138; tab. ill., 25, 

fig. 3.— Owen, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 2d eer., 1, 1846, ^g. 3.— Whiteaves, Pal, 

Fo«., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 86. 
Murchisonia boydii Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 346, pi. 83, fig. 3.— BilUngs, 

Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 339, fig. 345.^Chamberlin, Geol. 

Wisconain, 1, 1883, p. 193, fig^— Ledey, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 

1889, p. 427, figs. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Near Newark, Wayne County, New York; Gait, Hespeler, 

and Durham, Ontario. 

Loxonema fltchl Hall. 

Loxonema fitchi Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 296, pi. 54, figs. 9, 11a, lib.— 
Ohem Geol. Surv. Maryland, Loww Dev., 1913, p. 467, pi. 79, fig. 7.— Holte- 
dahl, 2d Arct. Exp. "Fram", 1898-1902, No. 32, 1914, p. 31, pi. 8, &g. 10. 
Cayugan(Manlius): Carlisle, Schoharie and Albany Counties, New York; Mary- 
land. 
Helderbeigian (Lower beds): Southwestern Ellesmereland, Arctic America. 
• 
Loxonema leda Hall. 

Loxonema leda Hall, 20tli Rep. New York Mus. Nat. Hist., 1868, p. 367, pi. 15 (6), 

fig. 2; rev. ed., p. 398, pi. 15, fig. 2. 
Niagaran (Racine): Wauwatoea, Wisconsin; Bridgeport, Illinois. 

Loxonema magnum Whiteaves. See Hormotoma whiteaveali. 

Loxonema?! magnum Whitfield. 

Loxonema magna Whitfield, Ann. Rep. Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, 1878, p. 83; Ge<J. 

Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 317, pi. 24, fig. 1. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Carlton Township, Wisconsin. 

Loxonema mccUntoeki Haughton. 

Loxonema McClintocki Haughton, Jour. Geol. Soc. Dublin, 1, 1857, p. 239, pi. 5, 

figs. 2, 5. 
Niagaran: Port Leopold, North East Cape, Arctic America. 

Loxonema? murrayanum Salter. 

Loxonema Murrayana Salter, Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 1, 1859, p. 31, pi. 6, fig. 6. 
Black River (Leray): Pauquettes Rapids, Ottawa River, Canada. 

Loxonema panrum Grabau. 

Loxonema parva Grabau, Michigan Geol. Surv., Geol., Istser., 1909, p. 176, pi. 

16, fig. 6. 
Upper Monroan (Lucas): Salt shaft, Detroit, Michigan. 

Loxonema rossl Haughton. 

Loxonema RoBsi Haughton, Jour. Geol. Soc. Dublin, 1, 1859, p. 239, pi. 5, figs. 

6, 8-11. 
Niagaran: Beechy Island, Arctic America. 



BIBLIOQRAPHIC LIST OP GBNEBA AND SPECIES. 769 

Loioiieiiift rugosum (Billings). 

Ifnichiflonia rugoaa Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. for 185S-6, 1867, 

p. 2»9; Cat. Sil. Foes. Anticoeti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, pp. 18, 55 (loc. ref .)• 
Honnottuna rugoea Schuchert and Twenhofel, Bull. Geol. Soc. America, 21, 

1910, p. 703. 
Gamachian (Ellis Bay): Gamache Bay, Anticosti. 

Loxonema salterl Haughton. 

Ifairhiaoniasp. Salter, App. to Sutherland's Jour. Voyage Baffin Bay and Bairow 

Strait, 1852, pi. 6, fig. 18. 
Loxonema salteri Haughton, Jour. Boy. Soc. Dublin, 3, 1860, p. 55. 
Niagaran: Comwallis Island, Assistance Bay, etc., Arctic America. 

Loxonema subxlongata Enmions. See Subulites elongatus. 

Loxonema siTBFUsn^RMis D'Orfoigny. See Fusispira subfusiformis. 

Loxonema subulata Conrad. See Hormotoma subulata and Murchisonia sublata. 

Loxonema vrrrATA D*Otbigny. See Fusispira vittata. 

Lmonema wlnnlpegeiise Whiteaves. 

Loxonema l^^nnipogense Whiteaves, Canadian Rec. Sd., 5, 1893, p. 326, ^.\ Pal. 

Fobs., Creol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, p..200, fig. 12. 
Black River or Richmond: Lake 'Winnipeg, Manitoba. 

LOXOFLOCUS Fischer. Grenotype: Murchisonia solntus Whiteaves. 

Loxoplocus FWher, Manual Conch., 1885, p. 847. 

Loioploeus solntus (Whiteaves). 

MurduBoniasoluta Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Greol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 1, 1884, p. 28, 

pi. 4, figs. 8, 8a. 
Murchisonia tropidophora Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 1, 1884, 

p. 29, pi. 7, figs. 5, 5a. 
Loxoplocus solutus Fischer, Manual Conch., etc., 1885, p. 847. — ^Whiteaves, Geol. 

Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 84, pi. 12, figs. 7, 8. 
Niagann (Guelph): Gait, Hespeler, etc., Ontario. 

mMBRICONBREITES Ehlers. Crenotype: L. deperditus Ehlers. 

Lumbriconereites Ehl^s, Palsontographica, 17, 1868, p. 159.— Hinde, Quart. 

Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 35, 1879, p. 380.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1880, p. 

566.— Mm«, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 518.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 

Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 242. 

tnmbrlcoiiereltes armatus Hinde. 

Lumbriconereites armatus Hinde, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 35, 1879, p. 

383, pi. 20, ^. 6.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 242, 

fig. 1529c. 
Upper Medinan (Cataract): Toronto, Ontario. 

bunbrieonereltes aostlni Foerste. 

Lumbriconereites austini Foerste, Amer. Geol., 2, 1888, p. 417, fig. 4; Geol. Surv. 

Ohio, Pal., 7, 1893, p. 517, fig. 4. 
Richmond (Elldiom): Todds Fork, near Wilmington, Ohio. 



770 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Lumbrlconereltes basalls Hinde. 

Lumbiiconereites basalis Hinde, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 35, 1879, p. 383, 

pi. 19, fig. 22.— Oiabau and Shimer, N. A. Index FoeEdls, 1910, 2, p. 242, fig. 

1532b. 
Upper Medinan (Cataract): Toronto, Ontario. 

Lumbriconereites dmctjlodus Hinde. 

Lumbriconereites dactylodus Hinde, Quart. Jour. GeoL Soc. London, 35, 1879, p. 

380, pL 18, fig. 20.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 242, 

^. 1527b. 
Gindnnatian (Pulaski): Toronto, Ontario. 

LuicBBicoNERBrrss PERDBNTATUS Hinde. See Eunicites perdentatus. 

Lumbriconereites triangularis Hinde. 

Lumbriconereites triangularis Hinde, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 35, 1879, 

p. 383, pi. 20, fiig. 4.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 

242, fiig. 1529a. 
Upper Medinan (Cataract): Toronto, Ontario. 

LuNXTUTBS? BAcnoLOiDES Owon. See Cerionites dactyloides. 

LTELUA Edwards and Halme. Genotype: L. americana Edwards and Haime. 

Lyellia Edwards and Haime, Mon. d. Polyp. Foss. d. Terr. Pal., 1851 (Arch, du 
Mus. d'Hist. Nat., 5), pp. 150, 226.~Pictet, Traitede Pal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 
439.— Milne Edwards, Hist. Nat. d. Corall., 3, 1860, p. 242.— Duncan, Rep. 4lBt 
Meeting British Assoc. Adv. Sci., 1872, p. 127.— Rominger, Geol. Surv. ^Gchi- 
gan, 3, pt. 2, 1876, p. 15.— Nicholson, Tab. Corals Pal. Period, 1879, p. 249.— 
Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 213.— Roemer, Leth. geog., pt. 1, Leth. Pal., 
1883, p. 514.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 195.— Sardeson, Neues Jahrb. 
f. Min., Geol., Pal., Beilage-Band 10, 1889, p. 280.— Lindstr6m, Kongl. Sren. 
Vet.-Akad. Handl., 32, No. 1, p. 72.— Lambe, Cont. Can. Pal., Geol. Surv. 
Canada, 4, pt. 1, 1899, p. 83.— Ki&r, Pateontographica, 46, 1899, p. 66.— 
Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1906, p. 96. 
Camptolithus lindstrom, Eongl. Sven. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 32, No. 1, 1899, pp. 
37, 74, 99. 

LyeUla afflnls (Billings). 

Heliolitea affinis Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., n. s., 2, 1865, p. 427; Cat. Sil. 

Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 5, fig. 12. — Nicholson and 

Etheridge, Mon. Sil. Foss. Girvan Dist., p. 251. 
Lyellia aflMsBominger, Geol. Surv. Michigan, 3, pt. 2, p. 17 (gen. ref.). — Lambe, 

Cont. Can. Pal., Geol. Surv. Canada, 4, pt. 1, 1899, p. 84, pi. 5, figs. 1, la.— 

Schuchert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 22, 1900, p. 153.— Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. 

Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 293. 
Piopora affinis Kifir, Vid.-Selsk, Skrifter, Math.-naturw. Kl., No. 10, 1903, p. 52. 
Early Silurian: Wreck Point, Junction Cliff, etc. , Anticosti (Charleton — Chicotte); 

Lake Temiscaming; Thorold, Ontario; Baffin Land. 

LyeUIa americana Edwards and Haime. 

LyeUia americana Edwards and Haime, Mon. d. Polyp. Foss. d. Terr. Pal., 1861 
(Arch, du Mus. d*Hist. Nat., 5), p. 226, pi. 14, figs. 3, 8a.— Milne Edwards, 
Hist. Nat. d. Corall., 3, 1860, p. 243. — Rominger, Geol. Surv. Michigan, 3, 
pt. 2, 1876, p. 15, pi. 2, figs. 1, 2.— James, Paleontologist, No. 2, 1878, p. 11.— 
White, 11th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 381, pi. 47, 
Gg, 5.— Hall, 12th Rep., ibid., 1883, p. 252, pi. 2, figs. 4, 5; pi. 3, fig. 7.— 
Davis, Kentucky Fossil Corals, Geol. Surv. Kentucky, pt. 2, 1885, pi. 3, 



BIBUOORAPHIC UST OF GENBBA AND SPECIES. 771 

Ijvllla ftmerleanft — Continued. 

fig. 2.~Le6ley» Geol. 8urv. Pennsylvania, Bep. P. 4, 1889, p. 365, figs. — 
MiUer, N, A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 195, ^. 188.— Lambe, Ck)nt. Can. Pal., 
Geol. Surv. Canada, 4, pt. 1, 1899, p. 85, pi. 5, figs. 2, 2a.— Oiabau and Shimer, 
N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1906, p. 96, figs. 154-155. 
Nisgaian: Drunimonds Island, Lake Huron; Michigan; Iowa; Indiana; Ken- 
tucky; Tenneesee; Anticoeti, etc. 

Ijtllla deeiplens Rominger. 

LyeOia dedpiens Rominger, Geol. Surv. Michigan, 3, pt. 2, 1876, p. 17, pi. 3, 

fig. 1.— Lambe, Cent. Can. Pal., Geol. Surv. Canada, 4, pt. 1, 1899, p. 86. 
Niagazan: Point Detoiur and Drummond Island, Lake Huron. 

tjdlU diseoldea Davis. 

Lydlia diacoidea Davis, Kentucky Fossil Corals, Geol. Surv. Kentucky, pt. 2, 

1885, pi. 4, figs. 2, 3. 
PlaflDiopora? discoidea Lindstrom, Kongl. Sven. Yet.-Akad. Handl., 32, No. 1, 

1899, p. 100. 
Niaganui: Near Louisville, Kentucky (Louisville); Tennessee (Brownsport). 

« 

IjcOU emlniila Foeiste. ' 

Lyellia eminula Foerste, Bull. Kentucky Geol. Surv., 7, 1906, p. 306, pi. 3, fig. 6; 

pi. 4, fig. 3. 
Clinton (Waco): Near Waco and near Irvine, Kentucky. 

IjdlU taigutk (Billings). 

Heliolites eziguus Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., n. s., 2, 1865, p. 428; Cat. Sil. 

FosB. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 31, fig. 14. — ^Nicholson and 

Etheridge, Mon. Sil. Foss. Girvan Dist., 1880, p. 250. — ^Roemer, Leth. geog., 

pt. 1, Leth. Pal., 1883, p. 508. 
Lydlia exigua Rominger, Geol. Surv. Michigan, 3, pt. 2, 1876, p. 17 (gen. ref.). — 

Lambe, Cent. Can. Pal., Geol. Siu^. Canada, 4, pt. 1, 1899, pi. 5, p. 86, 

figs. 3,3a. 
Gamachian (Ellis Bay) and Anticostian (Becsie River — Chicotte): Cramache Bay, 

etc., AnUcosti. 

I^y«llla ^abra (Owen). 

Saidnula (Poiites) glabra Owen, Geol. Expl. Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois, 2d ed., 

1844, p. 70, pi. 13, fig. 11. 
Saicinula costata Owen, Geol. Expl. Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois, 2d ed., 1844, p. 78, 

pi. 14, ^. 12. 
Propora gjabra Lindstrom, Kongl. Sven. Yet.-Akad. Handl., 32, No. 1, 1899, 

p. 100. 
Lyellia glabra Edwards and Haime, Mon. d. Polyp. Foss. d. Terr. Pal., 1851 

(Arch, du Mus. d*Hist. Nat., 5), p. 226, pi. 12, figs. 2-2c.— Milne Edwards, 

Hist. Nat d. Corall., 3, 1860, p. 243. — ^Roemer, Lethsea gepg., pt. 1, Leth. 

Pal., 1883, p. 514, fig. 132.— Davis, Kentucky Fossil Corals, Geol. Surv. 

Kentucky, pt. 2, 1885, pi. 2, fig. 1.— Calvin, Amer. Geol., 12, 1893, p. 111. 
Niagaian: Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois, Kentucky. 

IjeOla papinata Rominger. 

Lyellia papillata Rominger, Geol. Surv. Michigan, 3, pt. 2, 1876, p. 16, pi. 2, 

fig. 3.— Davis, Kentucky Fossil Corals, Geol. Surv. Kentucky, pt. 2, 1885, 

pi. 2, fig. 2; pi. 3, ^. 1; pi. 4, fig. 4. 
Camptolithus papillatus Lindstrom, Kongl. Sven. Vet-Akad. Handl., 32, No. 1, 

1S99, p. 101, pi. 10, figs. 25-30. 
Niagarui: Point Detour and Dnunmond Island, Lake Huron; Louisville, Ken- 

tudcy (Louisville). 



772 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Lyellla parrltuba Rominger. 

Lyellia pandtuba Bominger, GeoL Surv. Michigan, 3, pt. 2, 1876, p. 17, pL 2, 

fig. 4. 
Niagazan: Dnimmond Island, Lake Huzon; Loulflville, Kentucky; Indiana. 

I^ellla puella Davis. 

Lyellia puella Davis, Kentucky FobbU Corals, Creol. Surv. Kentucky, pt. 2, 1885. 

pi. 2, fig. 3; pi. 51, fig. 5. 
Plasmopora puella LindsUom, Kongl. Sven. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 32, No. 1, 1899, 

p. 100. 
Niagaran: Near Louisville, Kentucky (Louisville); Decatur County, etc., Te^ 

nessee (Brownsport). 

I^elUa speclosa (Billings). 

Heliolltes speciosus BilUngs, Canadian Nat. GeoL, n. 8., 2, 1865, p. 426; Oat. Sil. 

Fofls. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 30, fig. 13. — Nicholson and 

Etheiidge, Mon. Sil. Girvan Dist., 1880, p. 251. 
Propora spedoea Lindstrom, Kongl. Sven. Yet-Akad. Handl., 32, No. 1, 1899, 

p. 95, pi. 9, figs. 40-46; pi. 10, figs. 1-5.— Kiftrer, Vid. Selsk. Skriftw, Math.- 

naturw. Kl., No. 10, 1903, p. 53. 
Lyellia speciosa Rominger, Geol. Surv. Michigan, 3, pt. 2, 1876, p. 17 (gen. ref.). 
Gamachian (ElUs Bay): Junction Cliff, Anticosti. 

Ltellia striata James. See Strombodes mamillare wilmingtonensis. 

Lyellia superba (Billings). 

Trematopora superba Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, 1866, p. 93. 

Lyellia superba Lambe, Cont. Can. Pal., Geol. Surv. Cuiada, 4, pt. 1, p. 87, pi. 5, 

figs. 4, 5, 5a.— Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, p. 248. 
Niagaran: Cabots Head, Georgian Bay, and Ekwan Kiver, Canada. 

Lyellla thebesensls Foerste. 

Lyellia thebesensls Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 95, pi. 4, 

fig. 69.— Savage, Bull. Geol. Surv. Illinois, 23, 1913, p. 66, pi. 3, figs. 6, 7. 
Upper Medinan (Edgewood): Near Thebes, Illinois; Edgewood, Louiaiana, and 
Clarksville, Pike County, Missouri. 

Ltonsia anadontoides Emmons. See Modiolopsis sinuata. 

Ltonsia anatiniformis Emmons. See Pterotheca anatiformis. 

Lyonsia curta Emmons. See Modiolopsis curta. 

Ltonsia dubia Emmons. See Ctenodonta dubia. 

Ltonsia faba Emmons. See Colpomya faba. 

Ltonsia gibbosa Emmons. See Ctenodonta gibbosa. 

Ltonsia nasxtta Emmons. See Ctenodonta nasuta. 

Ltonsia nucuijformis Emmons. See Ctenodonta nuculiformis. 

Ltonsia sanquinolaroidbs D*Orbigny. See Ctenodonta sanguinolaroidea. 

Ltonsia submodiolaris D*Orbigny. See Modiolopsis modiolariB. 

Ltonsia subsfatulatus Emmons. See Prolobella subspatulata. 

Ltonsia subtruncata D*Orbigny. See Modiolodon truncatus. 



BIBLIOGKAPHIC LIST OP GENERA AND SPECIES. 773 

Ltoksia TRBNT0NENSI8 EmmoDg. Seo Endodeema trentoiionse. 

Ltonsia terminalis Emmons. See Modiolopeb terminalis. 

LTOFOEA Nicholflon and Etheridge. Genotype: Palseopora? favosa McCoy. 

Lyopora Nichdecm and Etheridge, Mon. Sil. Foes. Girvan Bist., 1878, p. 26, pi. 2, 
figs. 1-le. — ^Nicholson, Tab. Corab Pal. Period, 1879, p. 187.— Roemer, Letli. 
geog., pt 1, Leth. Pal., 1883, p. 466.— Lambe, Cont. Can. Pal., Geol. Surv. 
Gamida, 4, pt 1, 1899, p. 88.— lindstrGm, Kongl. Sven. Yet-Akad. Handl., 
32, No. 1, 1899, p. 25. 

Lyopora ^IdftassI (Billings). 

Columnaria Goldfoflai Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 3, 1858, p. 420; Geol. Surv. 

Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1857, 1858, p. 166,— Nicholson, Hep. Pal. Piov. 

Ontario, pt. 2, 1875, p. 9. 
Lyopora Goldfussi Lambe, Cont. Can. Pal., Geol. Surv. Canada, 4, pt. 1, 1899, 

p. 88, pi. 5, figs. 6, 6a, 7. 
Ridimond: Snake Island and Traverse Point, Lake St. John, Canada; Wreck 

Point, Anticosti; Cape Smythe, Lake Huron. 

LTBIOCBINUS Hall. Genotype: Maraupiocrinites? dactylus Hall. 

Lyriociinufl Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1862, pp. 197, 355.— Pictet, Traits de Pal., 
2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 329.— Hall, 15th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist, for 
1861y 1862, p. 126.— Dujaidin and Hup^, Hist. Natur. du Zooph. Echin., 
1862, p. 149; 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist, 1867, p. 325; 28th 
Rep., ibid., 1879, p. 139.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 378.— Wachsmuth 
and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1881, pp. 358, 377 (Rev. 
PaL, pt. 2, pp. 184, 203); ibid., 1885, p. 321.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, 
p. 25S, — Wachsmuth iukI Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard, 20, 
1897, p. 261.— Weller, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci. Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 1, 
1900, p. 90, fig. 42. — Bather, Treatise on Zool., pt. 3, Echinoderma, London, 
1900, p. 200.— Wachsmuth, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 146.— 
Grabau, Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 156; Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. 
Sci., 7, 1901, p. 156.— Zittel, Grundzuge Pal., 1, 1910, p. 161.— Grabau and 
Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 550. — Springer, Zittel-Eastman 
Textl>. PaL, 2d ed., 1913, p. 189. 

Ijrloerlnas beeeberi Hudson. 

Lyriocrinus beecheri Hudson, Bull. New York State Mus., 80, 1905, pp. 277-280, 

figs. 4, 5, pi. 3, figs. 1-4. 
Chazyan (Yalcour): Yalcour Island, New York. 

Ejrloerlniis dmctylas (Hall). 

MaiBiipiocrinites(?) dactylus Hall, Geol. New York, 4, 1843, p. 113, fig. 4; p. 114; 

tab. ill. 18, figs. 4, 5. 
Melocrinus dactylus D'Grbigny, Prodr. de Pal., 1, 1849, p. 45 (gen. ref.). 
Lyriocrinus dactylus Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 197, pi. 44, figs. la-g. — 

Pictet, Traite de Pal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 329, pi. 101, fig. 12.— Miller, N. A. 

Cieol. Pal., 1889, p. 258, figs. 352, 353.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, 

Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 366, figs.- Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. 

Zool. Harvard, 20, 1897, p. 262, pi. 11, figs. 5a-c.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. 

Nat Sci., 7, 1901, p. 156, ^g, 51; Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 156, 

%. 51.— Orabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 550, fig. 1880. 
Bhododimis (Lyriocrinus) dactylus Shumard, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 2 (Cat. 

Rd. FoflB.), 1866, p. 379. 



774 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Lyrloerlnus daetylus— Continued. 

Lyriocrlnus (Pliodociinus) dactylus Hall, llth Bep. Geol. Nat. HiBt. Indiana, 

1882, p. 271. 
Clinton (Rochester): Lockport, New York, and vicinity. 

Lyriocrlnus mellssa (Hall). 

Rhodocrinufl melLasa Hall, Trans. Albany Inst., 4, 1863, p. 198 (Abstract, p. 4); 
28tli Bep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., doc. ed., 1876, 1877, pi. 15, figs. 
1&-27. 

Rhodocrinufl (Lyiiocrinus) melissa Hall, ibid., mus. ed., 1879, p. 139, pi. 15, 
figs. 18-27. 

Lyiiocrinus melissa Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 
1881, p. 379 (Rev. Pal., pt. 2, p. 205).— Hall, 11th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. 
Geol. Nat. Hist., p. 269, pi. 14, figs. 18-27; pi. 15, &g, 11.— Miller, N. A. Geol. 
Pal., 1889, p. 259, fig. 354.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 
1889, pp. 366, 367, figs.— Keyes, Missouri Geol. Surv., 4, for 1894, 1895, pi. 21, 
f^. 6. — ^Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, 20, 1897, 
p. 263, pi. 11, figs. 4a-f.— Weller, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist. Surv., 
4, pt. 1, 1900, p. 91, pi. 3, figs. 6^. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 
2, 1910, p. 550. 

Nlagazan: Waldron, etc., Indiana; Newsom, Tennessee (Waldron); Bridgeport, 
Romeo, and Joliet, Illinois (Bacine). 

lyriocrlnus seulpttlis (Hall). 

Bhodocrlnus (Lyriocrlnus) sculptilis Hall, 20th Bep. New York State Cab. Nat. 

Hist., 1868 (extras, 1865), p. 325; rev. ed., 1870, p. 368. 
Lyriocrlnus sculptilis Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 259 (gen. ref.). 
Niagaran (?Bacine): Waukesha, Wisconsin. 

Ltbiocbinus sculptilis Miller. See Diabolocrinus vesperalis. 

Ltbiopbctbn orbiculoidbs Grabau. See Amphicoelia orbiculddea. 

LTRODESMA Conrad. Genotype: L. planum Conrad. 

Lyrodesma Conrad, Ann. Geol. Bep. New York, 1841, p. 51.— ^Hall, 1847, Pal. New 
York, 1, 1847, p. 302.— McCoy, British Pal. Bocks, Fobs., 1854, p. 272.— 
Woodward, Man. MoUusca, pt. 2, 1854, p. 273.— Pictet, Traite de Pal., 2d ed., 
3, 1855, p. 534.— Hall, Canadian Nat. Geol., 1, 1856, p. 394; 10th Bep. New 
York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1857, p. 185 (Extr., p. 145); 15th Bep. New York 
State Cab. Nat Hist., 1862, pi. 11, fig. 5; 24th Bep. New York State Cab. 
Nat. Hist., 1872, p. 227 (Extr. 1871, p. 4).— Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. 
Sci., 1, 1874, p. 226.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, Munich, 1881, p. 55.— Mill», 
N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 487.— Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 682; Geol. 
Minnesota, 3, 1894, pt. 2, p. 608.— Dall, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, 
p. 378.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 481. 

Lyrodesma acuminatum Ulrich. 

Lyrodesma acimiinatum Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 609, pi. 42, 

figs. 1-5. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 481, 5g. 

641e-f. 
Black Biver (Decorah): Chatfield, and near Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 
CotypM.— Cat. Nos. 46214, 46215, U.S.N.M. 

Lyrodesma acuminatum intermedium Ulrich. 

Lyrodesma acuminatum var. intermedium Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, 

p. 610, pi. 42, figs. 3-4, ^, 45h. 
Black Biver (Decorah): Chatfield, and near Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 
Trenton: Near Buigin, Kentucky. 
Co^pw.— Cat. Nos. 46216, 46217, U.S.N.M. 



BIBU06RAPHIC UST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 775 

Ijrodesma cannonense TJlrich. 

Nuctlla portstriata Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 151, pi. 34, ^, 2ar-2b. (Not 

p. aoi, pi. S2, figs. 10a, b.) 
Lyrodesma cannonense TJlrich, Geol. Mmnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 610, pi. 42, 

figs. 6-8. 
Trenton: Cannon Falls, Minneeota (Proeser); CarHsle, Pennsylvania. 
Cb^pa.— Cat. Nob. 46218, 46219, U.S.N.M. 

£f rodesma clnclnnatlense Hall. 

Lyrodesma CincinnatienfiiB Hall, 24th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1872, 
p. 227, pi. 7, fig. 28 (Extr. 1871, p. 4). — Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 
1874, p. 226.— Hall and Whitfield, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal. 2, 1875, p. 82, pi. 1, 
fig. 25. 
Eden (Econcmiy): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

lorrodesma eonradl Ulrich. 

Lyrodesma conradi TJlrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 684, pi. 47, ^, 9. 
Eden (Southgate): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
Fofo^.— Cat. No. 46220, U.S.N.M. 

Ijrodesma grande Ulrich. 

Lyrodesma grande Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 683, pi. 50, fig. 13. 
MayeviUe (BeUevue): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
fibte<ype.— Cat. No. 46221, U.S.N.M. 

lyrodesma Inomatam Ulrich. 

Lyrodesniainomatuni Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 682, pi. 50, figs. 10, 12. 
ILftysville (Fairmount): Covington, Kentucky, and vicinity. 
Cb^pet.— Cat. No. 46222, U.S.N.M. 

Lyrodaams major (Ulrich). 

Cleidophoms major Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 2, 1879, p. 25, pi. 7, 

fig. 23. 
Lyrodesma major Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 611, fig. 45ar-g. — 

Grabaa and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 481, fig. 641a-d. 
Maysville (Corryville): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
Ridimond: Clarksville, Ohio; Spring Valley, Minnesota. 
Holotg^ and plesiotypes. —C&t. Noe. 46223, 46224, U.S.N.M. 

Lyrodesma planum Conrad. 

Lyvodeema plana Conrad, 5th Aim. Hep. Geol. Surv. New York, 1841, p. 51. — 
Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 302, pi. 82, figs. 11a, b.— Pictet, Traits de 
P*l., 2d ed., 3, 1855, p. 634, pi. 79, fig. 17.— Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. 
ScL, 1, 1874, p. 226. 

Leda plana Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 173. 

Cinclnnatian (Pulaski): Pulaski, etc.. New York. 

Ijnodesma poststrtatum (Emmons). 

Nnculitee poetrstriatus Emmons, Nat. Hist. New York, Geol., 2, 1842, p. 399, 

text fig. 4.— McCoy, British Pal. Rocks Foss., 1854, p. 286, pi. IK, fig. 6. 
Nucula postriata Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 151, pi. 34, figs. 2a, b; p. 301, 

pi. 82, figs. 10a, b.— lincklaen, 14th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 

1861, pL 4, fig. 5. 
Oardiomoipha postriata Emmons, Amer. Creology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 175, pi. 17, 

fig. 22; Emmons, Man. Geol., 1860, p. 101, fig. 91. 
Area poststriata D'Orbigny, Frodr. de Pal., 1, 1849, p. 13 (gen. ref.). 



776 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Lyrodesma poststrlatum — Continued. 

Lyrodesma poststriata BillingB, Geol. Canada, GeoL Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 176, 
figs. 167a, b.—Nicholflon, Rep. Pal. Prov. Ontario, pt. 2, 1875, p. 36, fig. lib.— 
Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 368, frgs.—Miller, N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 487, fig. 844.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index FoflsilB, 1, 
1909, p. 481.— Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 806. 

Glncinnatian: Loraine, Pulaski, etc.. New York (Pulaski); Cincinnati, Ohio, and 
vicinity (Maysville). 

Ltdrodesma pulchblla Hall. See Ctenodonta pulchella. 

Lyrodesma schucherti Ruedemann. 

Lyrodesma schucherti Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 62, 1912, p. 103, 

pi. 6, fig. 12. 
Trenton (Snake Hill): Snake Hill, Saratoga County, New York. 

Lyrodesma subplanum Uhich. 

Lyrodesma subplanum, Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 683, pi. 47, fig. 8. — 

Foerste, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 21, 1914, p. 136. 
Trenton (Upper): Covington, Rogers Gap, etc., Kentucky. 
Holotype.—CAt. No. 46225, U.S.N.M. 

Lysocystis Bather. See Lysocystites Miller. 

LTSOCTSTITES Miller. Genotype: Echinocystites nodosus Hall. 

Echmocystites Hall, 18th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1864, p. 12 (adv. 

sheets); 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., doc. ed., 1867, p. 316; 

rev. ed., 1870, p. 360.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 413.— Bather, Geol. 

Mag., dec. 4, 6, 1897, p. 381; Treatise on Zool. (Lankester), pt. 3, 1900, p. 70. 
Echinocystis Haeckel, Amphor. und Cystoid., 1896, p. 146, pi. 4, figs. 31-34. 
Lysocystites Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 259 (Echinocystites preoccupied). 
Lysocystis Bather, Geol. Mag., dec. 4, 4, 1807, p. 381. 

lysocystites nodosus (Hall). 

Echinocystites nodosus Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868 

(extras, 1864), p. 316, pi. 12 (3), figs. 10, 11; rev. ed., 1870, p. 361, pi. 12, figs. 

10. 11,— Chamberlin, Geol. Wisconsin, 1883, 1, p. 191, fig. 
Lysocystites nodosus Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 259 (gen. ref.). 
Niagaran (Racine): Racine, Wisconsin. 

Machairodus incurvus Pander. See Dlstacodus incurvus. 

Maclurea of authors. See Maclurites Leseuer. 

Maolurea cuneata Whitfield. See Maclurina cuneata. 

Maclurea labiatus Emmons and Owen. See Raphistoma stamineum. 

Maolurea MANrroBBNsis Whiteaves. See Maclurina manitobensis. 

Maclurea striata Emmons. See Raphistoma striatum. 

Maclurea subrotunda Whitfield. See Maclurina subrotunda. 

MACLURINA Ulrich and Scofield. Genotype: Maclurea manitobensis Whiteaves. 
Maclurina Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, pp. 1038-1041.— 
Koken, Neues. Jahrb. Min., Geol. Pal., 1, 1898, p. 21. 

Maclurina cuneata (Whitfield). 

Maclurea cuneata Whitfield, Ann. Rep. Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, 1878, p. 75; GobL 
Wisconsm, 4, 1882, p. 246, pi. 9, figs. 5-6. 



BIBUOGRAPHIC LIST OF GENEBA AND SPECIES. 777 

MadHrina eaiie«t»--Continned. 

MuHiirinft ctmeata Ulrich and Scofidd, Creol. Minneeota, 3, pt 2, 1897, p. 1042, 

pL S6, figs. 1-3; pL 82, £lg. 46.— Schuchert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 22, 1900, 

p. 1(57. 
Madurea (Machnina) caneata Giabau and 8hlmer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, 

p. 666, fig. 922. 
Trenton: Whitewater, Wisconsin; StewartviUe, etc., Minnesota (Stewartville); 

Dubuque, Iowa, etc. (Galena); Baflin Land. 
PU»hifpe.—(^LL No. 45939, n.8.N.M. 

Madarlna manltobensls (Whiteaves). 

Madurea manitobensis Whiteaves, Trans. Boy. Soc. Oanada, 7, sec. 4, 1890, 

p. 75, pi. 12; pi. 13, figs. 1, 2; Canadian Bee. Sd., 5, 1893, p. 324. 
lladurina manitobensis Ulrich and Scofidd, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 

1041, pi. 76, fig^ 4, 5; pi. 82, fig. 45.— Schuchert, Ptoc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., 22, 

1900, p. 166. 
Ifftdurea (Maclurina) ManitobensiB Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 

3, pt. 3, 1897, pp. 194, 196, fig. 11, pi. 20, fig. 11. 
MKlurea (Madurina) manitobaensis Giabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 

1909, p. 666, 5g. 921. 
Trenton: Lake Winnip^, etc., Manitoba; Goodhue and Fillmore Counties, etc., 

Minnesota (Stewartville); Baffin Land; Texas, etc. 
Pfc^t)«ypa.— Cat No. 45940, U.S.N.M. 

Madarlna manitobensis acuta Parks. 

Madurina manitobenos var. acuta Parks in Tyrrell, 22d Bep. Ontario Bur. Mines, 

1913, p. 32. 
Mohawldan or Bichmond: Shamattawa Biver, Manitoba. 

Madarlna subrotunda (Whitfield). 

Hadurea subrotunda Whitfield, Ann. Bep. Geol. Surv. Wisconain for 1877, 1878, 

p. 75; Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 246, pi. 9, figs. 7, 8. 
Maclurina subrotunda TJlridi and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 1043. 
Trenton (Stewartville): Whitewater, Wisconsin; Stewartville, Minnesota. 
Pfenb^pe.— Cat. No. 45941, U.S.N.M. 

MACLUBTTES Lesueur. Genotjrpe: M. magnus Lesueur. 

Madurites Lesueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1, 1818, p. 312. 

Madurea Woodward, Manual Mollusca, 1842, p. 202. — ^Emmons, Geol. Bep. New 
Ycffk, 2d Dist, 1842, pp. 107, 273, 276, fig. 1.— Boemer, Neues Jahrb. f . Mln., 
etc., 1848, p. 172.— Woodward, Manual Mollusca, pt. 2, 1854, p. 202.— McCoy, 
British FftL Bocks Foss., 1854, p. 300.— Pictet, Traits de Pal., 2d ed., 3, 1855, 
p. 154. — Salter, Geol. Siurv. Canada, Canadian Org. Bem., dec. 1, 1859, p. 7. — 
BillingB, Pal. Foes., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, pp. 235, 236, 310.— Waagen, 
Mem. Geol. Surv. India, Pal. Indica, 13th ser., 1, 1880, p. 87.— Zittd, Handb. 
Pal., 2, 1882, p. 207.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 408.— Koken, Neues 
Jahrb. Min., Geol. PaL, 6, Beilage-Band, 1889, pp. 419, 432; Die Leitfoesilien, 
Leipzig, 1896, p. 396.— Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1897, p. 
1033.— <]^bau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1909, p. 664. 

LowMiri Ha Koken, Neues Jahrb. Min., Geol. Pal., 1, 1898, p. 22. 

Maefairltes acnniinatiis (Billings). 

Madurea acuminata Billings, Pal. FosbIIb, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 240, 
fig. 225.— Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 3, 1890, p. 32, pL 2, figs. 
1, 2.— Sazdeson, Jour. Geol., 11, 1903, p. 479, figs. 10-12.— Sedy, Bep. Ver- 
mont State Geol., 7, 1910, pi. 57, figs. 9, 10. 

Canadian: Table Head and Point Bich, Newfoundland (Quebec — K, N); Fort 
CasBin, Vermont (Beekmantown). 



778 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Maclurites afflnls (Billings). 

Macluiea aflinlB BlUingB, Pal. Foee&ls, 1, Geol. Surv. Oanada, 1865, p. 238, figs. 

224a, b.— Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mub. Nat. Hist., 9, 1897, p. 180, pi. 4, fij^ 

8, 9. . 
Lesueurilla affinia Koken, Neues Jahrb. Min., Geol. Pal., 1, 1898, p. 22 (gen. rel.). 
Canadian: Keppel Island, Newfoundland (Quebec — F); Otter Creek, Vennont 

(Beekmantown) . 

Maclurltes annulatus (Walcott). 

Maclurea annulata Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 8, 1884, p. 81, pi. 11, fiigi. 

19, 19a. 
Upper Pogonip: White Mountain, Eureka District, Nevada. 
Cotype.—O&t. Nos. 17338, 17339, U.S.N.M. 

Maclurites atlantlcus (Billings). 

Maclurea atlantica Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 459. 
Maclurites atlanticus Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 4, 1908, p. 201. 
. Chazyan (Mingan): Mingan Islands, Canada. 

Maclurites arellaiiediB (Eayser). 

Maclurea avellanedse Eayser, Beitr. Geol. Pal. Aigentin. Bepublik, Pal. SuppL, 3, 
1876, p. 15, pi. 4, figs. 1, 2; Zeit. d. Deutschen geol. Geeell., 49, 1897, p. 283. 
Ordovidan: Talacastra, Argentina. 

Maclurites bigsbyl (Hall). 

Maclurea bigsbyi Hall, Hep. Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, 1861, p. 37.— Whitfield, 
Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 222, pi. 6, figs. 17, 18; Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, 
p. 157, fig.; Mem. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1, 1895, p. 62, pi. 8, figs. 14, 15 
(not 12, 13).--Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 1039, 
pi. 75, figs. 5-10. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Foamls, 1, 1909, p. 664, 
fig. 919. 

Black Biver (Platteville): Mineral Point, Fulton, Janesville, etc., Wisconsin; 
Dixon, etc., Illinois. 

PUstotypes.-^At. No. 45933, U.S.N.M. 

Maclurites bigsbyi dlxonensls (Ulrich). 

Maclurea bigsbyi var. dixonensis Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 1039. 
Black River (Platteville): Dixon, Illinois. 
Holotype,—C&t. No. 45934, U.S.N.M. 

Maclurites carlnatus (Walcott). 

Maclurea carinata Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 8, 1884, p. 82, pi. 11, figs, 

20,20a. 
Upper Pogonip: Lone Mountain, Eureka District, Nevada. 
Cotypes.—C&t No. 17342, U.S.N.M. 

Maclurites crassus (Ulrich and Scofield). 

Maclurea craasa Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 1040, pL 

75, figs. 12-14.— Schuchert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 22, 1900, p. 167. 
Trenton: Lime City, Stewartville, Wykoff, etc., Minnesota (StewartviUe); Baffin 

Land. 
Co^pe.— Cat. No. 45935, U.S.N3f . 

Maclurites crassus macer (Ulrich and Scofield). 

Maclurea crassa var. macra Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, 

p. 1041, pi. 75, figs. 15, 16. 
Trenton (Prosser): Hader, Minnesota. 
Eolotype.—CAt, No. 45936, U.S.N.M. 



BIBUOOBAPHIC LIST OP GEKEBA. AND SPBCISS. 779 

MaelQiltis erenulatus (BillingB). 

Maclurea crenulata Billings, Pal. Foas., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 236, fig. 

222»-c.— MillCT, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 408, fig. 683. 
Chazyan (Qu^ec, I-N): Table Head and Pcdnt Bich, Newfoundland. 

M adurftes depressus (Ulrich and Scofield). 

Madurea depreesa Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnefiota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 1040, 

pi. 75, figs. 1-4. 
Black River (Platteville): Minneapolis, Minnesota. 
Co^pe.— Cat. No. 46937, U.S.N3f . 

Madnrites emmonsi (Billings). 

Maclurea Emmonsi BillingB, Pal. Fosb., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 242, 

fig. 227a-c. 
Lesueurilla Enmionsi Eoken, Neues Jahrb. Min., €^1. Pal., 1, 1898, p. 22 (gen. 

ref.). 
Chazyan (Quebec, 1-N): Point Rich and Table Head, Newfoundland. 

Madorites knQxrffleiisls (Ulrich). 

Maclurea knoxvillensis Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 8, pt. 2, 1897, p. 1039. 
Oiazyan (Lenoir): Knoxville, Tennessee. 
Co^p<.— Cat. No. 45938, U.S.N3i. 

Madnrites lo^anl (Salter). 

3£aclurea logani Salter, Rep. 2lBt Meeting British Assoc. Adv. Sci., Notes and 
Abstracts, 1852, p. 63.— Woodward, Man. Mollusca, pt. 2, 1854, p. 202, Bg. 
106.— Salter, Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 1, 1859, p. 7, pi. 1, figs. 1-6.— Hitch- 
cock, Geol. Vermont, 1, 1861, p. 296. — Qiapman, Canadian Jour., n. s., 7, 
1862, p. 119, fig. 117; ibid., 8, 1863, p. 197, ^, 170; Expos. Min. Geol. Canada, 
1864, p. 123, fig. 117; p. 169, ^. 170.— Roemer, Leth. geog., 1, Leth. Pal. 
Atias, 1876, pi. 5, ^, 6.— Etheridge, Quart. Jour. Soc. London, 34, 1878, p. 
606.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 664, ^. 920. 
Black River: Allumette Island, Ottawa River (Lecay), and Mingan Islands, 
Canada; Bessels Bay, Arctic America. 

Madnrites magnus Lesueur. 

Maclurites magna Lesueur, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1, 1818, p. 312, 
pi. 13, figs. 1-3.— Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 4, 1908, p. 199, pi. 50, figs. 
1, 2; pi. 51, figs. 1, 2; pi. 52, figs. 1-4. 

StraparoUus magnus D'Orbigny, Prodr. Pal., 1, 1849, p. 6 (gen. re!.). — ^Emmons, 
Amer. Geol., 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 156, pi. 4, fig. 15; Man. Geol., 1860, p. 94, 
fig. 79. 
Maclurea magna Emmons, Rep. 2d Dist., New York State Surv., 1842, p. 276, 
fig. 1.— HaD, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 26, pi. 5, figs, la-e; pi. 5, (bis), 
figs, la-c.— Rogers, Geol. Pennsylvania, 2, pt. 2, 1858, p. 817, fig. 595.— 
Hitchcock, Geol. Vermont, 1, 1861, p. 278, fig. 177.— Lincklaen, 14th Rep. 
New Yoik State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1861, p. 30, pi. 1, fig. 11.— Etheridge, Quart. 
Jour. Soc. London, 34, 1878, p. 605.— Whitfield, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 3d 
ser., 18, 1879, p. 227.— Dwight, Proc. Poughkeepsie Soc. Nat. Sci., 1880, p. 
18; Proc. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 31, 1883, p. 385. — Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsyl- 
vania Rep., P 4, 1889, p. 369, figs. — Keyes, Missouri Geol. Surv., 5, 1894, p. 
163, pi. 52, fig. 9a, b.— Raymond, Bull. Amer. Pal., 3, 1902, p. 305, pi. 18, 
fig. 10.— Baasler, Bull. Virginia Geol. Surv., no. 2a, 1909, pi. 20, figs. 8, 9.— 
Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 664, %. 918, a. 

Euomphalus maeluiii Ttoost, 5th Geol. Rep. Tennessee, 1840, p. 55. 

Chazyan: Chazy, etc.. New York; Isle la Motte, Vermont (Crown Point); East 
Tennessee (Lenoir); Virginia; Maryland; Pennsylvania; etc. (Middle Stones 
River). 
84243'— BuU. 92— vol 2—16 5 



780 Bulletin 92, united states national museum. 

Maclurltes matutlnus (Hall). 

Maclurea matutma Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 10, pi. 3, ^. 3.— BilMiigB, 
Canadian Nat. GeoL, 4, 1869, p. 357, fig. 7.— Hitchcock, Geol. Vennont, 1, 1861, 
p. 271, fig. 171.— BillingB, Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 115, 
figs. 24a, b. (?25a, b, c).— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep., P4, 1889, 
p. 370, figs. 

Straparollus matutina Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 156. 

Canadian (Tribes Hill): Canajobarie, etc., Mohawk Valley, New York. 

Maclurites minimus (Hall and Whitfield). 

Maclurea minima Hall and VThitfield, U. S. Geol. Expl. 40th Parall., 4, 1877, p. 

235, pi. 1, figs. 17-19. 
Pogonip: Ute Peak, Wasatch Range, Utah. 
Cotype8,—CBt. No. 17352, U.S.N.M. 

Maclurites nitldns (Ulrich and Scofield). 

Maclurea nitida Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 1040, pL 

75, ^. 11. 
Black River (Platteville): Mineral Point and Beloit, Wisconsin; Dixon, Illinois. 
7Stones River (Murfreesboro): Murfreesboro, Tennessee. 

Maclurites ooeanus (Billings). 

Maclurea oceana Billings, Pal. FossilB, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 237, figs. 
223a, b.— Bassler, Bull. Virginia Geol. Surv., 2a, 1909, pi. 20, f^. 4, 6. 

Canadian: Port aux Choix, Table Head, Cape Norman and Plstolet Bay, New- 
foundland (Quebec, F— H); Virginia (Beekmantown). 

Maclurites ponderosns (Billings). 

Maclurea ponderosa Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 239. 
Chazyan (Quebec — ^P): Cow Head, Newfoundland; and Phillipsburg, Quebec. 

Maclurites psyche (Billings). 

Macliirea Psyche Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 244. 
Canadian (Quebec — G): Cape Norman, Newfoundland. 

Maclurites rotundatus (Billings). 

Maclurea rotundata BilHngs, Tsl. Fossils, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 245, fig. 

231a, b. 
Canadian (Quebec — G): Bonne Bay, Newfoundland. 

Maclurites sarmlentl (Eayser). 

Maclurea Sarmienti Eayser, Beitr. Geol. Pal. Aigentin. Republik, Pal. Suppl., 3, 

1876, p. 16, pi. 4, figs. 4, 4c. 
Ordovician: Talacastra, Argentina. 

Maclurites sordidus (Hall). 

Maclurea sordida Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 10, pi. 3, figs. 2, 2a.— Hitchcock, 
Geol. Vermont, 1, 1861, p. 271.— Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat Hist, 2, 
1889, p. 49, pi. 8, figs. 1-4.— Seely, Rep. Vermont State Geol., 7, 1910, pL 
56, fig. 1. 

Straparollus sordidus Emmons, Amer. iGreology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 156, pi. 3, ^. 6. 

Ophileta sordida Lesley, Geol. Siu^. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 500, figs. 

Canadian (Beekmantown): New York; Fort Caasin, Vermont. 

Maclurites speclosus (Billings). 

Maclurea speciosa Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 240, fig. 

226. 
Canadian (Quebec, G — ^M): Point Rich, Table Head, Cape Norman, Schooner 

Island, Newfoundland. 



BIBLIOGBAPHIG LIST OF GENERA AND SfECIES. 781 

MMhuflteKf) stelineri (EayBer). 

Michirea(?) Stelxneri Eayser, Beitr. Geol. Pal., Aigentm. Republik, P&l. Suppl., 

3, 1876, p. 17, pi. 4, figs. 5, 6. 
OrdovidAii: Talacastra, AigentiBa. 

Ifednrites striata Troost. Not recognizable. 

Madiuitee striata Troost, 5th Rep. Geol. TexmesBee, 1840, p. 56. 
"Giaawacke": Hawkiiis County, Tennessee. 

Madiultes siibannnlatus (Walcott). 

Maclurea subaaniilata Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Snrv., 8, 1884, p. 82, pi. 11, figs. 

18, 18a, b. 
Upper Pogonip: White Mountain, Eureka District, Nevada. 
Cb^pet.— Cat. Hlo. 17346, U.S.N Jf. 

Madiultes suboTatus (Parks). 

Maclurea subovata Parks in Tyrrell, 22d Rep. Ontario Bur. Mines, 1913, p. 32. 
Mdiawkian or Richmond: Shamattawa River, Manitoba. 

M actnilteB sylplia (Billings). 

Maclurea Sylpha Billings, Pal. FosbUb, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 244. 
Canadian (Quebec — G): Cape Norman, Newfoundland. 

Madaritee transltlonls (Billings). 

Maclurea traositionis Billings, Pal. FosbUb, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 241. 
Qiazyan (Quebec — K, L): Table Head and Point Rich, Newfoundland. 

MACEOCTFBIS Brady. Genotype: M. minna Baird. 

MacrocyprijB Brady, Intellectual Observer, 12, London, 1867, p. 119.— Jones and 
Kirby, Proc. Geol. Socc. London, 9, 1886, p. 510.--Jone8, Ann. Mag. Nat. 
Hist., 6th ser., 19, 1887, p. 178.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., Ist App., 1889, 
p. 709.— UWch, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 646.— Sassier, ibid., 
2d ed., 1913, p. 740. 

Maeroejprisf sOlqua (Jones). 

Cytheropeds siliqua Jones, Ann. Mag. Nat Hist, 8d ser., 1, 1858, p. 249, pi. 10, 

fig. 6; Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 3, 1858, p. 99. 
Macrocypris? siliqua Jones, Geol. Surv. Canada, Cont. Micro-Pal., pt. 3, 1891, 

p. 99. 
Black River (Leray): Pauquette's Rapids, Ottawa River, Canada. 

MacfoeyprlBf subejllndrlea Jones. 

Macrocypris? subcyHndrica Jones, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 46, 1890, 

p. 549, pi. 21, figs. 5a, b. 
Richmond (English Head): English Head, Anticosti. 

MIOEONOTELLA Uhich. Genotype: M. scofieldi Ulrich. 

MacnmoteUa Ulrich, GeoL Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 683. — ^Bonnema, Mitt. 
Min. Geol. Inst. Groningen, 2, 1909, p. 55. — Grabauand Shimer, N. A. Index 
Foenis, 2, 1910, p. 348. 

Maeronotella fragarla Ruedemann. 

Macronotella fragaria Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 49, 1901, p. 85, 

pi. 6, figs. 3-5. 
Mohawkian (Rysedorph): Rysedorph Hill, Rensselaer Coimty, New York. 

MaeroBoteDa aeofleldl Ulrich. 

Macronotella scofieldi Ulrich, Geol. ^finnesota, 3, pt 2, 1894, p. 684, pi. 43, figs. 
30-34.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 348, %. 1657, u, v. 



782 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Macronotella soofleldl — Continued. * 

Ifiochilina scofieldi Miller, N. A. GeoL P^., 2d App., 1897, p. 788 (gen. raf.). 
Black River: Near Gannon Falls, Minnesota (Platteville); High Bridge, Ken- 
tucky (Lowville). 
Ct)QrP«»--"Cat. Noe. 41848, 41849, U.S.N Jf. 

Maeronotella ulrichl Buedemann. 

Macronotella ulrichi Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 49, 1901, p. 83, 

pi. 6, figs. 6-16; pi. 7, %%, 1. 
Mohawkian(Ry8edorph): Rysedorph Hill and Moordener kill, Renaselaer County, 

New York. 

MACBOSTTLOCBINUS Hall. Genotype: M. omatus HalL 

Macrostylocrinus Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 203.— Pictet, Traits de Pal., 
2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 329.--Dujardin and Hupe, Hiat. Natur. Zooph. Echin., 
1862, p. 149.— Hall, Trans. Albany Inst., 4, 1863, p. 207 (Abstract, p. 12); 
28th Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., mus. ed., 1879, p. 128.— Zittel, 
Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 368.— Wachamutli and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat 
Sd. Philadelphia, 1881, pp. 270, 276 (Rev. Pal., pt. 2, pp. 96, 102); ibid., 
1885, p. 324.— Ringuebeig, Jour. Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 119.— Hall, lllh 
Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 256. — De Loriol, Pal. 
Prancaise, 11, Crin., 1882, p. 56.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 259.— 
Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard (N. A. Crin, 
Cam.), 20, 1897, p. 285.— Weller, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sd., Nat. Hist. Surv., 
4, pt. 1, 1900, p. 92, fig. 43.— Bather, Treatise on Zool., pt. 3, Echinoderma, 
London, 1900, p. 162.— Wachsmuth, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 
148.— Springer, ibid., 2d ed., 1913, p. 191.— Zittel, Grundzuge Pal., 1, 1910. 
p. 162.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. §54. 

Macrostylocrinus fasclatus (Hall). 

Cyathocrinus fasciatus Hall, 28th Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., doc. ed., 
1875, 1877, pi. 13, figs. 5, 6. 

Macrostylocrinus fasciatus. Hall ibid., mus. ed., 1879, p. 130, pi. 13, figs. 5, 6; 11th 
Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, pp. 258, 259, fig., pL 12, fi^ 5,6.— 
Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P4, 1889, p. 378, figs.- Weller, Bull. 
Chicago Acad. Sd., Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 1, 1900, p. 95. — ^Wachsmuth and 
Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, 20, 1897, p. 288, pi. 22, fig. 13. 

Niagaran (Waldron): Waldron and Hartsville, Indiana. 

Macrostylocrinus fUslbrachiatus Ringuebeig. 

Macrostylocrinus fusibrachiatus Ringueberg, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 
5, 1882, p. 119, pi. 5, fig. 4.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 259, fig. 356.— 
Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. 2iOol., Harvard, 20, 1897, p. 291, 
pi. 23, figs. 9, 10. 

Clinton (Rochester): Lockport, New York. 

Macrostylocrinus granulosus (Hall). 

Macrostylocrinus striatus var. granulosus Hall, 28th Rep. New York State Mus. 

Nat. Hist., mus. ed., 1879, p. -129; 11th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. 

Hist., 1882, p. 258. 
Macrostylocrinus granidosus Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. 

Harvard, 20, 1897, p. 289, pi. 22, fig. 15a, b. 
Niagaran (Waldron): Waldron and Hartsville, Indiana. 

Macrostylocrinus indlanensis Miller and Giu'ley. 

Macrostylocrinus indlanensis MiUer and Gurley, Bull. Illinois State Mus. Nat. 

Hist., 6, 1895, j>. 33, pi. 3, fig. 23. 
Niagaran (Laurel): St. Paul, Indiana. 



BIBUOQBAPHIC LIST OP GENERA AND SPECIES. 783 

Mterostyloeifnas meekl (Lyon). 

A ct i no c riDU B Meeid Lyon, Pioc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Fhiladelpbia, 1861, p. 411, pi. 

4, ^ 4a, b. 
MaciQStylociinus Meeld Wachflmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila- 

ddphia, 1881, p. 277 (Rev. Pal., pt. 2, p. 103); Mem. Mue. Comp. ZooL, 

Hanraid, 20, 1897, p. 290, pi. 22, figs. 16a, b. 
Kiagann (Lotiisville): Jeffezson County, Kentucky. 

Maerostjloeilniis obconlcus Weller. 

MaooetylocrmuB obconicus Weller, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist. Surv., 

4, pt, 1, 1900, p. 95, pi. 4, figs. 6, 7. 
Kiagann (Racine): Bridgeport, lUinois. 

Maerostylocrlnus ommtus Hall. 

MacrostylocriniiB omatus Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1862, p. 204, pi. 46, figs. 4a-g.— 

Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. ZooL, Harvard, 20, 1897, p. 

286, pi. 23, figs. 8a-c. 
Ctaiocrinus omatus Shumard, Trans. Acad. Sd. St. Louis, 2, 1866, p. 361 (gen. 

ref.). 
Ginton (RochoBter): Lockport, New York. 

Vierostylocrliiiis semlradiatus (HaH). 

Actinocrinua (Saccocrinus) semiradiatus Hall, 20th Rep. New York Stiate Cab. 

Nat. Hist., 1868, p. 379, pi. 10(1), fig. 1; rev. ed., 1870, p. 370, pi. 10, fig. 1. 
Pedediocrinus semiradiatus Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia, 1881, p. 307 (Rev. Pal., pt. 2, p. 133). 
Saccoczinufl semiradiatus Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 279. 
Maooetylocrinus semiradiatus Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. ZooL, 

Harvard, 21, 1897, p. 521.— Weljer, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sd., Nat. Hist. Surv., 

4, 1900, p. 94, pi. 4, fig. 9. 

(Racine): Racine, Wisconsin; Bridgeport, Illinois. 



Maerostjlocrfnus striatus Hall. 

Maciostylocrinus striatus Hall, Trans. Albany Inst., 4, 1863, p. 207 (Abstract, p. 
13); 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist, (extras, March, 1865), p. 327, 
pL 10 (1), figs. 7, 8; rev. ed., 1870, p. 371, pi. 10, figs. 7, 8; 28th Rep. New 
Yoric State Mus. Nat. Hist., doc. ed., 1877, pi. 13, figs. 1-4; rev. ed., 1879, p. 
129, pi. 13, figs. 1-4; 11th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 
267, pi. 12, figs. 1-4.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 
378, figs.- Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 259, fig. 356.— Wachsmuth and 
Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard, 20, 1897, p. 287, pi. 22, fig. 14.— 
WeUer, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 1, 1900, p. 93, pi. 4, 
figs. 10, 11.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 655. 

Ctmocrinus striatus Shumard, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 2, 1866, p. 361 (gen. 
ref.). 

Niagaran: Waldron and Hartsville, Indiana (Waldron); Racine, Wisconsin, and 
Bridgeport, Illinois (Racine). 

1Caobo0ttxxxjbinu8 striatus var. oranulosus Hall. See Macrostylocrinus granu- 
loflua. 

Vacrostylocrinus sub^obosus Weller. 

Macrostylocrinus subglobosus Weller, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist. Surv., 

4, pt. 1, 1900, p. 96, pi. 4, fig. 8. 
Ni^aran (Racine): Bridgeport, Illinois. 



784 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Maorostylogbinus waldronbksis Wachsmuth and Springer. See Dimerocrinufl 
waldronensis. 

Madreposa INTBR8TIN0TA Luuifieus. See Heliolites interetinctiiB. 

Madrbpora oroanttm Limueus. See Synngophyllum organum. 

Madrxporitbs aruoulatus Wahlenbbro. See Cyathophyllum articulatum. 

MJELONOCEBAS Hyatt. Genotype: Fhragmoceras prflBmaturum BillingB. 

Mcelonocerafl Hyatt, Proc. Boeton Soc. Nat. Hist., 22, 1884, p. 280.— Miller, N. A. 

Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 775.— Orabau and Shimer, N. A. Index FoasilB, 2, 

1910, p. 118. 
MeloceraB Foord, Gat. Fees. Ceph. Bntish Mub., 1, 1888, p. 262, footnote, p. 269. 
Meloceras (Melonoceras) [subgenus of Oncoceras] Hyatt, Zittel-Eastman Textb. 

Pal., 1900, p. 630; 2d ed., 1913, p. 611. 

MiBlonoceras aretlemmermtum (Hall). 

Oyrtoceraa arcticameritum Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1862, p. 349, pi. 84, figs. 7ar-d.— 

Whiteavee, Pal. Fobs., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1896, p. 103.— Clarke and 

Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 6, 1903, p. 87, pi. 16, figs. 1, 2; pi. 

16, figs. 1-7. 
Cyrtoceras (Meloceras) arcticameratum Foord, Cat. Foss. Ceph. British Mus., 1, 

1888, p. 288. 
Mselonoceras arcticameratum Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 

119, fig. 1356. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Gait, Ontario; Rochester, New York; Cedarburg, Wisconsin. 

MiBlonoceras falx (Billings). 

Cyrtoceras falx Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1863-1866, 1867, p. 

314.— Salter, Geol. Surv. Canada, dec.l, 1859, p. 32, pi. 7, fig. 1-4. 
Cyrtoceras (Meloceras) falx Foord, Cat. Foss. Ceph. British Mus., 1, 1888, p. 270. 
Black River (Leray): Pauquettes R^>ids, Ottawa River, Canada. • 

MiBlonoceras metellus (Billings). 

Cyrtoceras MeteUus Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 191, fig. 

176. 
Mselonoceras metellus Hyatt, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 22, 1884, p. 280 (gen. 

ref.). 
Canadian (Levis-Limestone): Point Levis, Quebec. 

MiBlonoceras neleus (Hall). 

Cyrtoceras neleus Hall, Rep. Supt. Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, 1861, p. 40. — Whitfield, 
Mem. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1, pt. 2, 1895, p. 65, pi. 9, figs. 10, 11.— Clarke 
Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 804, pi. 69, figs. 17-20. 

Mselonoceras neleus Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 118, fig. 
1365. 

Black River (Platteville) : Beloit, Wisconsin; Cannon Falls, etc., Minnesota. 

Trenton (Prosser): Wykoff, Minnesota. 

MiBlonoceras prsBmaturum (Billings). 

Phragmoceras prsematurum Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 6, 1860, p. 173, figs. 

19, 20.— Ch^man, Canadian Jour., n. s., 8, 1863, p. 22, fig. 133; p. 198, fig. 

176; Expos. Min. Geol. Canada, 1864, p. 130, fig. 133; p. 170, fig. 175. 
Mselonoceras praematurum Hyatt, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 22, 1884, p. 280 

(gen. ref.). 
Black River: Le Cloche Island, Lake Huron; La Petite Chaudiere Rapids and 

Pauquette's Rapids, Ottawa River, Canada (Leray). 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC LIST OF OSNBBA AND SFEOIEB. 785 

Malootsxib Hasokxl. See Malocystitee Billings. 

MALOCTSTITES BillingB. Genotype: M. murchiBoni BillingB. 

MtlocyBtiteB BillingB, Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 3, 1858, p. 66.— Hall, Pal. New 
York, 3, 1859, p. 152.— Chapman, Expos. Min. Geol. Canada, 1864, p. 109.— 
Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 413.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 269.— 
Jaekd, Zeits. d. d. geol. Gesell., 53, 1900, p. 674.— Bather, Treatise on Zool. 
(Lankester), pt. 3, 1900, p. 58.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 
1910, p. 471. 
Ifalocystis Haeckel, Amphor. und Cystoid., Leipzig, 1896, p. 105. 

KiLocTBims Babbanbi Billings. See Canadocystis barrandi. 

Malootbtites xmmonsi Hudson. See Canadocystis emmonsi. 



Malocjstttes murchlsonl Billings. 

MakcyBtiteB Murchisoni Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 3, 1858, p. 66, pi. 7, 

figs. la-L — Chapman, Expos. Min. Geol. Canada, 1864, p. 109.— Miller, N. A. 

Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 259, fig. 357.— Jaekel, Zeits. d. d. geol. Gesell., 52, 1900, 

p. 675, fig. 10.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 471, fig. 

1782. 
Malocystis Murchisoni Haeckel, Amphor. u. Cystoid., Leipzig, 1896, p. 105. 
Cbaiyan: Caugjinawaga and Island of Montreal, Canada. 

XAIIACBINUS Hall. Genotype: M. plumosus Hall. 

ABtzocrinitee Conrad, Cat. Ann. GeoL Rep. New York, 1841, p. 34. (Not defined; 
also preoccupied.) 

Haziacrinus Hall, Amer. Jour. Sd. Arts, 2d ser., 25, 1858, p. 278; Pal. New York, 
8, 1861, pp. 104, 139.— Salter, Cat. Camb. and Sil. Foss., 1873, p. 122.— 
Wachamuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Philadelphia, 1881, pp. 
270, 288, 292, 407 (Rev. Pal., pt. 2, pp. 96, 114, 118, 233); ibid., 1885, p. 326.— 
Mill», N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 259.— James, J. F. (part), Jour. Cincinnati 
Soc. Nat. Hist., 19, 1897, pp. 117, 118.— Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. 
Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, 20, 1897, p. 281.— Whidbome, Mon. Dev. Paima 
South England, 3, Pal. Soc., 1898, p. 219.— Weller, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sd., 
Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 1, 1900, p. 98.— Wachsmuth, Zittel-Eastman Textb. 
Pal., 1, 1900, p. 147.— Springer, ibid., 2d ed., 1913, p. 190.^Bather, Treatise 
on 2^1., pt. 3, Echinoderma, London, 1900, p. 161, ^, 74, 1.— Talbot, Amer. 
Jour. ScL, 4th ser., 20, 1905, p. 25.— SSittel, Grundzuge Pal., 1, 1910, p. 163. 

MarfiMiniis aamfttus MiUer. 

Uariacrinns aureatus Miller, 17th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Res., 1892, 

p. 644, pL 6, fig. 36 (adv. sheets, 1891, p. 34).— Wachamuth and Springer, 

Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, 20, 1897, p. 285. 
Kiagacan (Laurel): St. Paul, Indiana. 

Ifariaerlnns beeeherl Tklbot. 

Kariacnnua beecheri Talbot, Amer. Jour. ScL, 20, 1905, p. 25, pi. 1, fig. 3; £g. 2. 
Hdderbeigian (Manlius transition beds or Coeymans): North Litchfield, New 
York. 

Ibrlaerlniis cmrleyl (Hall). 

Glyptocrinus carleyi Hall, Trans. Albany Inst., 4, 1863, p. 203.— Wmchell and 
Maicy, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1865, p. 90.— Hall, 28th Rep. New 
York State Mus. Nat Hist, doc. ed., 1875, 1877, pi. 14, figs. 7-10; mus. ed., 
1879, p. 132, pi. 14, figs. 7-10; 11th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat Hist., 
1882, p. 261, pi. 13, figs. 7-10; pi. 15, ^. 5. 



786 BULLBtoN 92, UIHTED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Mmrlaorlnns cmrleyl — Contiiiued. 

Maiiacrinus carleyi Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. ScL Philadelphia, 

1881, p. 290 (Rev. Pal., pt. 2, p. 116).— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 

260, fig. 358.— Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, 

20, 1897, p. 282, pi. 22, figs. 2arC. 
Niagaran (Waldron): Waldron and Hartsville, Indiana; Newsom, Tenneasee. 
Pletiotype,—C&t. No. 40893, U.S.N.M. 

Mariacrinusf granulosus Miller. 

Maiiacrinus granulosus Miller, 17th Bep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Bee., 1892, 

p. 645, pi. 6, fig. 35 (adv. sheets, 1891, p. 35). 
Niagaran (Laurel): St. Paul, Indiana. 

Mariacbinub harrisi Wachsmuth and Springer. See Oompeocrinus harrisi. 

$ 
Mariacbinus NOBiLissiiras Hall. See Melocrinus nobiliadmus. 

Mariacrinus obconicus Wachsmuth and Springer. See Melocrinus obconicus. 

Mariacrinus pACHTDACTYLUfi Hall. See Melocrinus pachydactylus. 

Mariacrdtus pAnciDACTYiiUB Hall. See Melocrinus pachydactylus. 

Mariacrinus wanenl Ringueberg. 

Maiiacrinus warreni Ringueb^:g, Proc. Acad. Nat. Bd, Philadelphia, 18S8, p. 
133, pi. 7, ^. 4. — Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Har- 
vard, 20, 1897, p. 283, pL 22, ^, 1. 

CBnton (Rodiester): Lockport, New York.. 

MABSIPOCBINUS Bather. Genotype: Marsupiocrinites cselatus Phillips. 

Manupiocrinites Phillips, in Murchison's Sil. Syst., 1839, p. 672. — Austin, Ann. 
Mag. Nat. Hist., 10, 1842, p. 109.— Meek and Worthen, Geol. Surv. Ulinois, 
2, 1866, p. 172. 

Marsupiocrinus McCoy, British Pal. Bocks and Fobs., 1854, p. 54. — ^Pictet, Traits 
de Pal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 332. — ^Dujardin and Hup^, Hist. Nat. des Zooph., 
1860, p. 149.— Salter, Cat. Camb. Sil. Foes., p. 119.— Angelin, Icon. Crin., 
1878, p. 2.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 365.— Wachsmuth and Springer, 
Ph)c. Acad. Nat. Sd. Philadelphia, 1881, pp. 237, 404 (Rev. Pal., 2, pp. 63, 
230); ibid., 1888, p. 373; ibid., 1890, p. 351.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, 
p. 260.— Wachsmuth, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1896, p. 139.— Wachsmuth 
and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, 21, 1897, p. 730. — WeOer, 
Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 1, p. 137, ^. 60. 

Marsipocrinus Bather, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 45, 1889, p. 173; Treatise 
on Zool., pt. 3, Echinoderma, London, 1900, p. 156, ^. 70.— Wood, Bull. 
U. S. Nat. Mus., 64, 1909, p. 30.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 
2, 1910, p. 516. 

Oupellseciinites Troost, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 2d ser., 8, 1849, p. 419; Proc. Amer. 
Assoc. Adv. Sci., 2, 1850, p. 61 (not defined). (Genotype: C. Vemeuili 
Troost.) 

Oapellfficrinus Meek and Worthen, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1865, 
p. 161; Geol. Surv. Illinois, 2, 1866, p. 172. 

Oupellaecrinus Shumard, Trans. Acad. ScL St. Louis, 2, 1866, p. 361; p. 387, 
footnote. — ^Meek, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 2d ser., 42, 1866, p. 118. — Zittel, 
Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 365.— Bather, Treadse on Zool. (Lankest^), pt 3, 
1890, p. 156. 



BIBLIOGBAPHIC LIST OF OBKEBA AND SPECIES. 787 

Manlpoertiiiu ehleagoensls (Well»). 

lfanu|nocrinus chicagoenais Well^, BulL Chicago Acad. Sd., Nat. Hist. Surv., 

4, pt 1, 1900, p. 138, pi. 14, figs. 2, 3. 
Niigann(IUciiie): Chicago, UMnois. 

Mftiatpoeiliiiis eoirugatiiB (Troost). 

Cupellscriiutee corrugatus Troost, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 2d ser., 8, 1849, p. 419. — 

Proc. AmCT. Assoc. Adv. Sd., 2, 1850, p. 61 (nom. nud.). 
Cupd]»3inus comigatus Shumard, Trans. Acad. Sd. St. Louis, 2, 1866, p. 361. 
Msnipocrinus corrugatus Wood, BulI.i{J. S. Nat. Mus., 64, 1909, p. 35, pL 10, fig. 8. 
NUgaran (Brownqxxrt): Decatur County, Tennesoee: 
fiofo^pe.— Cat. No. 39930, U.S.N.M. 

Maii^poerlniis mag^nlfleus (Troost). 

Ci^eDiecriiiiteB magnificus Troost, Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sd., 2, 1850, p. 61 

(nom. nud.). 
Cupdlsecrtnus magnificus Shumard, Trans. Acad. Sd. St. Louis, 2, 1866, p. 361. 
6jx\jb magnificus Wood, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 64, 1909, p. 34, pi. 10, 
figs. 5, 6, 7. 

(Brownsport): Decatur County, Tennessee. 
Boht9pe,^CAt, No. 39927, U.S.N.M. 

ManlpoerlniiB pentagoiuilis (Troost). 

Cupellsecrinites pentagonalis Troost, Amer. Jour. Sci Arts, 2d ser., 8, 1849, p. 419 

(nom. nud.); Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 2, p. 61. 
CupellflBcrinua pentagonalis Shumard, Trans. Acad. Sd. St. Louis, 2, 1856, p. 381. 
llanipocrinuB pentagonalis Wood, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 64, 1909, p. 37. 
Niagamn (Brownsport): Peny (bounty, Tennessee, 
fibto^pe.— Cat. No. 39931, U.S.N.M. 

Maralpoerlniis prsBmatams (Hall and Whitfield). 

Flatycrinus prsematurus Hidl and Whitfield, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal. 2, 1875, p. 

124, pi. 6, figs. 3-6.^Lealey, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 

689, figs. 
Musapiocrinus pnematurus Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia, 1885, p. 337 (Rev. Pal., pt. 3, sec. 1, p. 115); Mem. Mus. Comp. 

Zool. Harvard, 21, 1897, p. 734, pi. 72, ^g, 11. 
Mazsipocrinus pnematurus Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, p. 516, 

^. 1838. • 

(Guelph): Near Greenville and Cedarville, Ohio. 



Mmnipocrinas rossformis (Troost). 

Cupellscrinites roseeformis Troost, Amer. Jour. Sci. Artb, 2d ser., 8, 1849, p. 419; 

Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sd., 2, p. 61 (nom. nud.). 
Copdlsecrinus roseeformis Shimiard, Trans. Acad. Sd. St. Louis, 2, 1866, p. 361. 
Han^)0crlhus roseefonnis Wood, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 64, 1909, p. 37, pi. 13, 

figs. 5, 6. 
Niagaran (Brownsport): Peiry County, Tennessee. 
JToto^p*.— C^t. No. 39932, U.S.N.M. 

Xanllraerlniis steUatus (Troost). 

CnpeDacrinitee stellatus Troost, Amer. Jour. Sd. Arts, 2d ser., 8, p. 419 (nom. 

nud.); Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sd., 2, 1850, p. 61 (nom. nud.). 
CupeUaeciinus stellatus Shumard, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 2, 1866, p. 361. 
MazapoerinuB stellatus Wood, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 64, 1909, p. 36, pi. 10, 

figB.1,2. 
Xiagaian (BrowBsport): Perry or Decatur Coimty, Tennessee. 
Bbhtype.—CtLt. No. 39929, U.S.N Jtf. 



788 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Marslpocrinns striatns (Troost). 

CupeUsecrinitee striatus Troost, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 2d ser., 8, 1849, p. 419; 
Proc. Amer. Ajboc. Adv. Sci., 2, 1850, p. 61 (nom. nud.). 

Cupellsecriiiltes inflatus Trooet, Amer. Jour. ScL Arts, 2d ser., 8, 1849, p. 420; 
Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 2, 1850, p. 61 (nom. nud.). 

Marsupiocrinus striatus Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. Har- 
vard, 21, 1897, p. 732, pi. 76, figs. 17, 18. 

Maisipocrinus striatus Wood, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 64, 1909, p. 33, pi. 9, figs. 
13, 14. 

Niagaran (Brownsport): Decatur Countyf Tennessee. 

Holotype and plesiotype.'-OtLt. Nos. 39926, 39934, U.S.N.M. 

Mmrslpocrlnus tennesseensis (Roemer). 

Platycrinus tennesseensis Boemer, Sil. Fauna West. Tennessee, Breslau, 1860, 

p. 36, pi. 3, fig. 4a^f. 
Platycrinus (Cupellacrinus) tennesseensis Shumard, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 

1866, p. 362. 
Marsupiocrinus tennesseensis Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. ScL 

Philadelphia, 1881, p. 239 (Rev. Pal., pt. 2, p. 66); ibid., 1888, p. 373, pi. 

19, fig. 7; Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, 21, 1897, p. 731, pi. 76, fig. 

16a, b. 
Marsipocrlnus tennesseensis Wood, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 64, 1909, p. 30, pi. 9, 

figs. 6, 6.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 616, 1837. 
Cupellsecrinites Buchii Troost, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 2d ser., 8, 1849, p. 419; 

Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 2, 1850, p. 61 (nom. nud.). 
Cupelkecrinitee laevis Troost, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 2d ser., 7, 1849, p. 419; Proc. 

Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 2, 1850, p. 61 (nom. nud.). 
Cupellsecrinus laevis Shimiard, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 2, 1866, p. 361 

(gen. ref.). 
Niagaran (Brownsport): Decatur County, Tennessee. 
PlenotypeB.—C&t. Nos. 39926, 39928, U.S.N.M. (Troost's types of C. kevis and 

C. buchi.) 

Marsipocrlnus Temeulll (Troost). 

Cupellsecrinites Yemeuli Troost, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 2d ser., 8, 1849, p. 419; 

Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 2, 1850, p. 61 (nom. nud.). 
Jiiarsipocrinus vemeuili Wood, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 64, 1909, p. 32, pi. 9, figs. 10, 

11,12. 
Niagaran (Brownsport): Decatur County; Tennessee. 
Holotype and pZmo^pe.— Cat. No. 39914, U.S.N.M. 

Mabsufiocbinitss Phillips. See Marsipocrinus Bather. 

MABST7FiocRiNrrBs(7) DACTTLUS Hall. See Lyriocrinus dactylua. 

Mabsufiocrinus Phillips. See Marsipocrinus Bather. 

MASTI60GRAPTUS Ruedemann. 

Genotype: Dendrograptus teatdramosus Walcott 
Mastigograptus Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, pp. 
210-216. 

Mastlgograptas arandinaceus (Hall). 

Graptolithus arundlnaceus Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, pi. 74, figs. 8, 8a. 
Dicranograptus arundinaceus Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 
1868, p. 227; rev. ed., p. 261. 



BIBLIOQBAPHIC LIST OP GBNEBA AND SPECIES. 789 

Histlkofraptas arundlnftceos— Continned. 

DeodrogimptuB anindinaceaB Gurley, Jour. GeoL, 4, 1896, 84. 

Ifastigngr^tus arundinaceuB Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 

2, 1908, pp. 221, 222, pi. 12, ^. 6, fig. 119. 
Utica: Turin, Lewis County, New York. 

* 

1Iast%o^imptii9 elrelnftlis Ruedemann. 

D^idragiaptus ep. Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mub., 42, 1901, p. 628. 
Kait^ograptus drdiialis Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, 

pp. 222, 223, pi. 10, fig. 3; pi. 12, figs. 7, 8. 
Trenton (Oanajoharie): Rural cemetery, near Albany. New York. 

Ifastigo^rmptiisf llmccldiis Ruedemann. 

Masdgogiaptus? flacddus Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mub., 133, 1909, 

p. 207, pi. 3, fig. 6. 
Black Rivo- (Lowville): Glens Falls, New York. 

Mftstigograptus gracOllmus (Lesquereux). 

Fakphytum gracillimum Lesquereux, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc., 17, 1877, p. 164, 

pi. 1, fig. 2. 
PHUophytou ferarillimum Miller, Proc. Davenport Acad. Sci., 2, 1878, p. 206. — 

Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P4, 1889, p. 805, figs. 
Doidrpgraptufi (Psilophyton) gracillimus Walcott, Trans. Alb. Inst., 10, 1883, 21. 
DendrograptusgradllimusIJlrich, Cat. Foes. Cincinnati Group, 1880. — James, Jour. 

Cinciimati Soc. Nat. Hist, 1885, p. 160; pi. 9, figs. 6, 6; ibid., 14, pt. 2, 1892, 

p. 149. — Gurley, Joiur. Geol., 4, 1896, 95. — ^Nickles, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. 

Nat. Hist., 20, 1902, p. 68. 
Maedgograptus gracillimus Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 

1908, pp. 219-221, figs. 116-118. 
Eden and Maysville (Fairmoimt): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

MastlgogT»ptiis simplex (Walcott). 

DendipgraptuB simplex Walcott, Trans. Alb. Inst., 10, 1883, p. 20; pi. 1, figs.- 
5, 5a, 5b, 6 (adv. sheets, 1879); Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., 1, 1890, p. 347.— 
Ami, Can. Rec. Sd., 5, 1892.— Gurley, Joiir. Geol., 4, 1896, p. 300. 

Mastigqgraptus simplex Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, 
pp. 218, 219, pi. 9, fig. 1; pi. 12, figs. 3-5; fig. 116. 

Utica: Holland Patent, Oneida County, New York; Canada. 

Mastigo^rftptus tenolramosus (Walcott). 

Doidrograptus tenuiramoeus Walcott, Trans. Alb. Inst., 10, 1881, p. 21, pi. 1, 
fig. 4 (adv. sheets, 1879).— Ulrich, Cat. Foss. Cincinnati Group, 1880.— 
Jamee, Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., Man. Pal. Cincinnati Group, pt. 2, 1892, p. 
152.— Gurley, Jour. Geol., 4, 1896, p. 300.— Ruedemann, Bull. New York 
State Mus., 8, 1901, p. 528, footnote. — Nickles, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. 
Hist, 20, 1902, p. 70. 

MistigQgraptus tenuiramosus, Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 
2, 1908, pp. 216-218, pi. 9, figs. 2, 3; pi. 11, figs. 2-4; pi. 12, figs. 1, 2; ^. 114. 

Utkra: Hdland Patent, New York; Covington, Kentucky, etc. 
• Pk»ol^.-Cat No. 54275, U.S.N.M. 

KATHEBBLLA Walcott. Genotype: Trochus saratogensis Walcott. 

Billingria Walcott (not Dekoninck, 1876), Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 30, 1886, pp. 
5, 21, 0062; BuU. U. S. Geol. Surv., 81, p. 346.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 
p. 398. 
Matherella Walcott, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 57, 1912, p. 263. 



790 BULLETIN 02, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Matherella sarmtogensis (Walcott). 

TrochiiB? saratogensis Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mub., 13, 1890, p. 268, pi. 20, 

^^ 3. 
Billingsia saratogenflis WalcoU, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 30, 1886, p. 21, ibid«, 81, 

1891, p. 346.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 398, fig. 655.— Lesley, GeoL 

Surv. Pennsylvania, Hep. P4, 1889, p. 92, fig. 
Matherella saratogensis Walcott, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 57, 1912, p. 264, pi. 41, figs. 

18-21. 
Ozarldan or Upper Cambrian (Hoyt): Four miles west of Sozatoga SpringB, New 

York. 
Cotypes-C&t. No. 23847 U.S.N.M. 

MATHEBIA Billings. Qenotype: M. tenera Billiii0B. 

Matheria Billings, Can. Nat. Geol., 3, 1858, p. 440; Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. 
Progr. for 1867, 1858, p. 188.— Miller, N. M Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 488.— Uliich, 
Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 563. 

Matheria breTis Whiteaves. 

Matheria brevis Whiteaves, Ottawa Nat., 17, 1903, p. 33, fig. 1, la; Gecd. Ma^., 

dec. 4, 10, 1903, p. 358, figs. 1, la; Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foas., 3, pt. 4, 

1906, p. 321, fg, 25. 
Trenton: Ottawa, Ontario. 

Matheria recta (Hall). 

Modiolopsis rectus Hall, 20th Bep. New York State Cab. Hist., 1868 (extras, 
March, 1865), p. 338, pi. 14 (5), figs. 4, 5, p. 389; rev. ed., 1870, p. 386, pi. 14, 
figs. 4, 6. — ChamberUn, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, p. 192, figs. 

Clidophorus m'chesneyanus Winchell and ^^ux:y, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 
1, 1865, p. 96, pi. 3, ^, 3; p. 109. 

Niagaran (Racine): Badne, Wisconsin; Bridgeport, Illinois. 

Matheria rugosa Ulrich. 

Matheria rugosa Ulrich, 19th Ann. Bep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minnesota, 1892, 

p. 241, fig. 26; Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 563, pi. 36, figs. 29, 30; fig. 

35, 2 (p. 477). 
Trenton (Proeser): Six miles south of Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 
Holotype.'-CBX. No. 46226, U.S.N.M. 

Matheria tenera Billings. 

Matheria tener Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Bep. Progr. for 1857, 1858, p. 188, 
fig. 18;^ Canadian Nat. Geol., 3, 1858, p. 440, ^, 18; Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. 
Canada, 1863, p. 147, fig. 100, ar-d.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 488, 
^. 846.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Bep. P 4, 1889, p. 380, figs. 

Trenton: Blue Point, Lake St. John, Canada. 

MATTHEVIA Walcott. Genotype: M. variabilis Walcott. 

Matthevia Walcott, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 3d ser., 30, 1885, pp. 17, 18; BuU. U. S. 
Geol. Surv., 30, 1886, p. 223.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 392. 

Mattherla TarlabtUs Walcott. 

Matthevia variabilis Walcott, Amer. Jour. Sci., 3d ser., 30, 1885, p. 18, figs. 1-6, 
p. 20; Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 30, 1886, pp. 224-225, pi. 32, figs. 1-12; pi. 33, 
figs. 1, la. If.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 392, fig. 647.— Lesley, GeoL 
Surv. Pennsylvania, Bep., P4, 1889, p. 381, fig.— Walcott, Smiths. Misc. 
Coll., 57, 1912, p. 265, pi. 42, figs. 1-15. 

Ozarkian or Upper Cambrian (Hoyt): Four miles west of Saratoga Springs, New 
York. 

Coupes.— Cat. No. 24698, IT.S.N.M. 



BIBUOGBAPHIC UST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 791 

Mbuoctstis Jaekel. See LepadocyBtdn Carpenter. 

mSKOPOEA Uhfch. Genotype: Meekopora exflhia Ulrich. 

Meekopora Ulrich, GeoL Snrv. Illinois, 8, 1890, pp. 383, 482.— <Ulrich, in prees), 
Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 312.--Ulrich, ZittePeTextb. Pal. (Engl, ed.), 
1896, p. 270.— Simpeon, 14th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, p. 
538.— Nickles and Baader, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, p. 26.— Condra, 
Nebraflka Geol. Surv., 2, pt. 1, p. 36.— Baaaler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 
p. 25; Zittel'Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 330. 

Meekopoim baasleii Foerste. 

liedoopora baasleri Foerste, Bull. Kentucky Geol. Surv., 7, 1906, p. 297, pi. 6, 

figs. la,b. 
Clinton (Waco): Near Estil Springs, north of Irvine, etc., Kentucky. 

Meekopora foUacea (Hall). 

C€rMn<^>ora foliacea Hall, Pal. New Ycwrk, 2, 1862, p. 170, pi. 40E, figs. 3a-c.— 

Rominger, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, p. 119. 
Meekopora foliacea Nickles and Baasler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 

312.— Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, pp. 25, 26, pi. 8, figs. 5, 6; 

pi. 9, figs. 5, 6. 
Clinton (Rochester): Lockport, Rochester, etc.. New York; Grimsby, Ontario. 
Pfcnofype.— Cat. No. 44116, U.S.N .M. 

MnSKOSPIBA Ulrich. Genotjrpe: Eulima? peracuta Meek and Worthen. 

Meekospira Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 1079. 

Meekospira planOateralls (Foerste). 

SubuHtes (Polyphemopsis) plani-lateralis Foerste, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 7, 1893, 

p. 555, p. 37a, figs. 4a-c. 
Meekospira planilateralis Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 1079 (gen. ref.). 
Upper Medinan (Btassfield): Soldiers' Home, near Dayton, Ohio. 

Meekospira sabconiea Ulrich and Scofield. 

Meekospira subconica Ulrich and Schofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 

1080, pi. 81, figs. 40, 41. 
Subulitee subconicus MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 770 (gen. ref.). 
Bidimond (Maquoketa): Spring Valley, Minnesota, 
flbfo^pe.— Cat. No. 45942, U.S.N.M. 

Maoactstis Angelin. See Holocystites Hall. 

MaGACTSTTTES Hall. See Holoc3r6titee Hall. 

MSGALASPIS Angelin. Genotype: Megalaspis gigas Angelin. 

Megalaspis Angelin, Pal. Scandinavica, 3d ed., Holmiae, 1878, p. 16. — Salter, 
Mon. British Tril., Pal. Soc., 1866, p. 147.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, M., 1885, 
p. 608.— Bi<)gger, Bihang till K. Sven. Yet.-Akad. Handl., 11, No. 3, 1886, 
p. 40; Afh. Sverigee Creol. Unders., ser. C, No. 82, 1886, p. 40.— Miller, N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 555.— Koken, Die LeitfossiHen, Leipzig, 1896, p. 26, text 
fig. 16, figs. 3, 6. — Schmidt, Mem. TAcad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbuig, 8th ser., 
«, 1898, pp. 11, 12, 35.— lindstrom, Kongl. Svea. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 34, No. 
8, 1901, pp. 26, 60.— Slocom, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Geol. Ser., 4, 3, 1913, p. 
60. — RaynM>nd, Trans, and Proc. Roy. Soc. Canada, 5, 3d ser., sec. 4, 1912, 
p. 117; Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 718. 

Megalaspisf amerieana Hoek. 

Megalaspis amerieana Hoek, Neues Jahrb. Min., Geol., Pal., 34, 1912, p. 220, 

pi. 10, figs. 2-^. 
Oidovidan: Tarija, Bolivia. 



792 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Megalaspis beckeri Slocom. 

M^^pis beckeri Slocom, Field Mub. Nat. Hist., Geol. Ser., 4, 3, p. 50, pi. 14, 

fig. 5. 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Clermont, and Poetville Junction, Iowa. 

Megalaspis belemnums White. 

M^aspifl belemnums White, Rep. U. S. Geol. Surv. West 100th Merid., 4, War 

Dep., 1877, p. 58, pi. 3, ^, 9 (Rep. 1874, p. 11).— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal.,'l889. 

p. 556, ^, 1030. 
Upper Pogonip: Queen Spring Hill, Schell Creek Range, Nevada. 
Eolotype,—CQ,t, No. 8562, U.S.N.M. 

MegalaspisI boliriensls (D'Orbigny). 

Asaphus boliviensis D'Orbigny, Voyage I'Amerique Mend., 3, pt. 4, 1^17, p. 32, 
Atlas, pi. 1, figs. 8, 9. 

Silurian: Rio Grande, Province de Vall^grande; Tacopaya and Cochabamba, 
Bolivia. 

Megalaspls brackenbuschl Eayser. 

Megalaspis Brackenbuschi Kayser, Zeit. d. deutsch. geol. Gesell, 50, 1898 p 428 
pi. 16, fig. 3. ' • 

Ordovician: Salta, Argentina. 

Megalaspls goniocerous (Meek). 

Asaphus ^Megalaspis) goniocercus Meek, 6th Ann. Rep. U. S. Geol. Sufv Terr 

1873, p. 480. 
Lower Ordovician: Near Malade City, Utah. 
Holotype.—C&t. No. 11600, U.S.N.M. 

Megalaspls gonlurus (Billings). 

Asaphus goniurus Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 324; Pal. Fobs 1 

Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 415. *' ' 

Megalaspis goniurus Raymond, Trans, and Proc. Roy. Soc. Canada, 3d ser 5 sec 

4, 1912, p. 119, pi. 2, fig. 6. •' » • 

Ozarkian? (Levis-erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

MegalaspisI matacensis Hoek. 

MegaiaspismatacensisHoekjNeuesJahrb.Min., Geol., Pal., 34, 1912 p 233 pi 
11, figs. 6, 7. 

Ordovician: NearMataca, Bolivia. 

MEGALOGBAPTUS MiUer. Genotype: M. welchi Miller. 

Megalograptus Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, pp. 343.-Jame8, Jour. 

Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 14, pt. 2, 1892, p. 160.— Miller, N. A. Geol! Pal., 

1889, p. 195.--Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, p! 

247.— Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 14, 1912, p. 324. 

Megalograptus welchi Miller. 

Megalograptus welchi Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, pp. 343-346, 
figs. 35-37; N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 195, figs. 189, 190, 191.->rame8, Jour! 
CincinnaU Soc. Nat. Hist., 14, pt. 2, 1892, p. 161.— Foerste in Clarke and 
Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 14, 1912, p. 325, pi. 58, figs. 3-6. 

Richmond (Liberty): Near Clarksville, Ohio. 

MEGALOMPHALA Ulrich. Genotype: Bellerophon contortus Eichwald. 

Megalomphala Uhich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 850.— Koken, Neuce 
Jahrb. Min., Geol. Pal., 1898, 1, 1898, p. 9. 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC UST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 793 

XegmlompliaU robuste Whiteaves. 

Mcgafempiiala lobusta Whiteaves, Ann. Rep. Geol. Surv. Canada, n. b., 14, 
App. F, 1904, p. 48; ibid., Pal. Foes., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 257, pi. 28, figs. 9, 9a; 
I^. 29, fig. 1. 
IBigvmn: Ekwan River, Canada. 

MiQALOMFHAUL? BOTUKBATA Ulrich. See Bucania sulcatina. 

lOGALOlllJS Hall. Genotype: M. canadensis Hall. 

Megafemus Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 343.— Woodward, Man. Mollusca, pt. 

2, p. 302.— Hall, 15th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1861, p. 193; 

Prelim. Notice Lam., pt. 2, p. 25, 27.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 488. 

Megalamiis cansdensts Hall. 

Megalcmma canadensis Hall. Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 343, pi. 80, ^. la-e, pi. 
^ 81, fig. lat-t; pi. 82, fig. la-i. — Chapman, Canadian Jour., n. s., 7, 1862, p. 117, 
fig. *I13, 113a; ibid., 8, 1863, p. 215, 5g. 225; Expos. Min. Geol. Canada, p. 
120, figs. 113, 113a; p. 187, Gg. 225.— Hall, 1st Rep. State Geol. New York, 
1884, pi. 9, ^. 16.— Billings, Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 338, 
fig. 342. — ^Nicholson, Rop. Pal. Prov. Ontario, pt. 2, 1875, p. 68, 5g. 39.— 
Oiamberlin, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, p. 193, fig.— Hall, Ist Rep. State Geol. 
New Yoric, 1884, pi. 9, ^. 16; Pal. New York, 5, pt. 1, 1885, pi. 52, Gg, 10 
(adv. copy, 1883).— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 488, ^. 847.— Lesley, 
Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P4, 1889, p. 383, fig.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., 
GeoL Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 66.— Norton, Proc. Iowa Acad. Sci., 2, 
1895, p. 42. 

Cyrtodonta canadensis Grabau and ShLmer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 410, 
fig. 530. 

Niagaian (Guelph): Gait, etc., Ontario; Ohio; Wisconsin; Alaska. 

Msgalamas compressus Nicholson and Hinde. 

Mfigalomus compressus Nicholson and Hinde, Canadian Jour., n. s., 14, 1874, p. 
143, ^. 6.— Nicholson, Rep. Pal. Prov. Ontario, pt. 2, 1875, p. 69, fig. 40.— 
Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 1, 1884, p. 10, fig. 1; ibid., 
pt. 2, 1895, p. 67 (loc. occ.). 

Nisgaran (Guelph): Hespeler, Ontario. 

nGlMBONIA Hall. Genotype: M. caidiiformis HaU. 

MsgambcHiia HaU, 12th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1859, p. 12; ibid., 
15th Rep., 1861, p. 193.— Meek, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 1, 1873, p. 137-8.— 
MHler, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sd., 1, 1874, p. 225.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 
1881, p. 51.— Hall, Pal. New York, 5, pt. 1, Lam., 2, 1885, p. Iv.— Miller, N. A. 
Geol. Pkl., 1889, p. 488.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, 
p. 41L 

MiQAMBOKiA Meek. See Allonychia Ulrich. 

XsgmmboiilA aTtcuIoldea Hall. 

Megambonia aviculoidea Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 274, pi. 49, figs. 7a, 7b, 8; 
pi. 49A, fig. 8.— Ledey, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 387, 
fig.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 263, pi. 24, figs. 17, 18.— 
Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 411, fig. 531. 

Pterineacf. aviculoidea Holtedahl, 2d Arctic Exp. **Fram." 1898-1902, No. 32, 
1914, p. 28, pi. 8, fig. 6. 

Helderbeigian: Helderbeig Mountains, etc.. New York (Coeymans and Manlius 
transition beds); New Jersey (Keyser — ''Manlius"); Southwestern Elles- 
mereland, Arctic America. 



794 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Megambonla canceUata Hall. 

Megambonia cancellata Hall, Can. Nat. GeoL, 5, 1860, p. 153.— Dawaon, Canadian 

Nat., n. 8., 9, 1880, p. 342. 
Silurian: Arisaig, Nova Scotia. 

Megambonia jambsi Meek. See AUonychia jamed. 

Megambonia oroidea Hall. 

Megambonia ovoidea Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 276, pi. 49A, figs. 4a, 4b. 
Cayugan (Manlius): Schoharie County, New York. 

Megambonia striata Hall. 

Megambonia striata Hall, Can. Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 153. — Dawson, Acadian 

Geol. 2d ed., 1868, p. 603. 

Silurian: Arisaig, Nova Scotia. 

* 
Meoantebis mutabilis Hall. See Eensselseria mutabilis. 

Meoaptera Meek aiid Worthen. See Opisthoptera Meek. 

Megaftera alata White. See Anomalodonta alata. , 

Megaftera casei Meek and Worthen. See Anomalodonta easel. 

MEGisTOCRiNtJS CHRisTYi Hall. See Periechocrinus whitfieldi. 

Megistocrinus infelix Winchell and Marcy. See Periechocrinus infeUx. 

Megistoorinus Marcouanus Winchell and Marcy. See Periechocrinus marconanua 

Megistocrinus necis Winchell and Marcy. See Periechocrinus necis. 

Molia cancellatus Emmons. Not recognizable. 

Melia cancellatus Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 153. 
Loraine shales: New York. 

Melia cincinnatue D'Orbigny. Not recognizable. 

Melia cinclnnatise D*Orbigny, Prod. Pal., 1, 1850, p. 4. 
Blue limestone: Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Meloceras Foord. See Maelonoceras Hyatt. 

MsLOORDnTES Goldfuss. See Melocrinus Goldfuss. 

MELOCBINUS Goldfuss. Genotype: M. hieroglyphicus Goldfoas. 

Melocrinites Goldfuss, Petrefacta Gennanica, 1826, p. 197; ibid., 2d ed., pi 1, 
1862, p. 183.— Agassiz, Mem. Soc. Sci. Natur. Neuchatd, 1, 1835, p. 196.— 
Fischer de Waldheim, Oryct. Gouv. Moscou, 1837, p. 150.— Goldfuss, Nova 
Acta Physico Med., Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol., 19, 1839, p. 339. — Muller, 
Monatsb. Berl. Akad., 1, 1841, p. 209. — Portlock, Rep. Geol. Londonderry, 
1843, p. 346.— D'Orbigny, Prodr. Pal., 1, 1850, p. 103.— Hall, Pal. New York, 
2, 1852, p. 227.— D'Orbigny, Course Element, 2, 1852, p. 140. 

Melocrinus Agassiz, Ann. Nat. Hist., 1, 1838, p. 447. — Roemer, Archiv. fur Natur., 
Jahrg. 19, 1, 1853, p. 214.— Pictet, Traits de Pal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 325.— 
Schultze, Denk. d. Kais. Akad. der Wiss., Math.-Naturw. CI., 26, Abth. 2, 
1867, p. 173, ^, 12; Mon. Echin. Eifel Kalk, 1867, p. 61.— Beyrich, Ann. 
Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 7, 1871, pp. 404, 405, fig.— Hall, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 
Pal., 2, 1875, p. 158.— Angelin, Icon. Crin. Suec., 1878, p. 19.— Zittel, Handb. 
Pal., 1, 1879, p. 371.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 261.— Wachsmuthand 
Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci, Philadelphia, 1890, p. 384.— Wbidbome, 



BIBUOGBAPHIC LIST OF QBNBBA AND SPECIES. 795 

mLOCUNUS— Continued. 

Mem. Dev. Fauna South England, 2, Pal. Soc., 1895, p. 200.— Weller, Bull. 
Chicflgo Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 1, 1900, p. 35, fig. 23; p. 97, 
fig. 44. — ^Bather, Treatise on Zool., pt 3, Echinoderma, London, 1900, p. 161, 
fig. 74, 2.— Wachamuth, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 147.— Talbot, 
Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 20, 1905, p. 26. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 
FoeaUfi, 2, 1910, p. 555.— Springer, Zittel-Easlman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, 
p. 190. 
Manacrinus Hall (part). Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 104. 

Cytocrinus Roemer, Sil. Fauna West Tenneesee, Breslau, 1860, p. 46.— Hall, 
Trans. Albany Inst., 4, 1863, p. 207.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 368.— 
Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1881, pp. 292, 
404 (Rev. Pal., pt. 2, pp. 118, 230).— Bather, Treatise on Zool. (Lankeeter), 
pt. 3, 1900, p. 161.— Zittel, Grundzuge Pal., 1, 1910, p. 163. (Genotype: C. 
laevis Roemer.) 

Metoerlnus lequalis Miller. 

Melocrinus sequalis MiUer, 18th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Res., 1894, 

p. 302, pi. 5, figs. 11, 12 (adv. sheets, 1892). — ^Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. 

Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, 20, 1897, p. 304. 
Melocrinus i>arvus Wachsmuth and Springer, Amer. Geol., 10, 1892, p. 144; Mem. 

Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, 20, 1897, p. 303, pi. 22, ^. 8. 
Niagaran (Laurel): St. Paul, Indiana. 

Mklocbxmtjs dacttlus Hall. See Lyrioczinus dactylus. 

MsLOCBiNua LABVia Wachsmuth and Springer. Bee Melocrinus roemeri. 

Moioerlnas noblllsstmas (Hall). 

Mariacrinus nobilissimus HaU, Fal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 105, pi. 2, figs. 1-4, pi. 
2A, ^. 1. 

Melocrinus nobilissimus Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad Nat. Sci., Phila- 
delphia 33, 1882, p. 296; Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, 20, 1897, p. 295; 
Atlas, pi. 23, figs, la, 2, 3.— Bather, Treatise on Zool., pt. 3, Echinoderma, 
London, 1900, p. 161, fig. 74, fig. 2.— Talbot, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 20, 
1905, p. 26, pi. 2.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 556. 

Hdderb^gian (Manlius transition beds): Litchfield, New York. 

Mdocrtnos obconlcus Hail. 

Melocrinus obconicus Hall, Trans. Albany Inst., 4, 1863, p. 206; 28th Rep. New 
YcA State Mus. Nat. Hist., doc. ed., 1877, pi. 14, figs. 11-14; mus. ed., 1879, 
p. 138, pi. 14, figs. 11-14; 11th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Creol. Nat. Hist., 
1882, p. 269, pi. 13, figs. 11-14.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 261, fig. 
863.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 390, figs.— Wachs- 
muth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, 20, 1, 1897, p. 302, 
pi. 27, figs. lOa-c. 

Ntsgaran (Waldron): Waldron and HartsviUe, Indiana. 

Meloerlnus oblong:a8 Wachsmuth and Springer. 

Melocrinus oblongus Wachsmuth and Springer, Amer. Geo!., 10, 189S, p. 143; 

Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, 20, 1897, p. 300, pi. 22, figs. 9, 12.— Grabau 

and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 555.— Wood, Bull. U. S. Nat 

Mus., 64, 1909, p. 45. 
Niagaran: Near Louisville, Kentucky (Louisville); Decatur County, Tennessee 

(BrowDsport); 8t. Paul, Indiana (Laurel). 

84243*— BuU. 92— vol 2—16 6 



796 BULLETIN 92, UNITE5D STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Melociinus obpyramldalls (Winchell and Marcy). 

Actinocrinufl obpyramidalls Winchell and Maicy, Mem. Boston 8oc. Nat. Histw, 
1, 1865, p. 87, pi. 2, fig. 4. 

Melocrinus obpyramidalis Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 4, 1881, p. 
174._Wachflmuth and Springer, Rev. Pal., pt. 2, 1881, p. 122.— Weller, Bofl. 
Chicago Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, 1900, p. 97, pi. 3, figs. 11, 12. 

Melocrinus vemeuili Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868, p. 
327, pi. 10 (1), fig. 5, p. 390; rev. ed., 1868 (1870), p. 372, pi. 10, fig. 5. (Ex- 
tras, 1865.) 

Niagaran (Racine): Bridgeport, Hawthorne, etc., Illinois. 

Melocrinus pachydactylus (Conrad). 

Astrocrinites pachydactylus Conrad, Ann. Rep. Pal. New York, 1841, p. 34.— 
Mather, Geol. Rep. New York, 1843, p. 347, fig. 6. 

Mariacrinus pachydactylus Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 107, pi. 3, figs. 1-4. 

Melocrinus pachydactylus Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila- 
delphia, 33, 1882, p. 296; Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, 20, 1897, p. 296, 
pi. 23, figs. 4, 5; pi. 24, figs. 4a, b.— Talbot, Amer. Jour. Sci., 20, 1905, p. 27, 

pi. 1, ^. 1. 
Mariacrinus paucidactylus Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 109, pi. 3, fig. 5. 
Melocrinus paucidactylus Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci., 33. 

1882, p. 296; Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool.,* Haprard, 20, 1897, p. 296. 
Actinocrinus polydactylus Bonny, Schenectady Reflector, 1835; Amer. Jour. 

Sci. Arts, 1838, p. 165. 
Melocrinus (Mariacrinus) pachydactylus Schultze, Monog. Echin., Eifelk., 1866, 

p. 66. 
Melocrinus (Mariacrinus) paucidactylus Schultze, Monog. Echin. Eifelk., 1866, 

p. 66. 
Staghom Encrinite Bonny, in Shepard's article in Amer. Jour. Sd., 26, 1835, p. 

363. 
Helderbeigian (Manlius transition beds): Schoharie, Jerusalem Hill, and North 

Litchfield, New York. 

Mblocbikus pabyus Wachsmuth and Springer. See Melocrinus sequalis. 

Melocbinus paucibacttlus Wachsmuth and Springer. See Melocrinus pachydac- 
tylus. 

Melocrinus roemeii Wachsmuth and Springer. 

Actinocrinites vemeuili Troost, Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 2, 1850, p. 60 

(nom. nud.). 
Turbinicrinitee vemeuili Troost MS., 1850. 

Melocrinus vemeuili Shumard, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 2, p. 381 (gen. ref .). 
Cytocrinus Isevis Roemer (not Goldfuss), Sil. Fauna West. Tennessee, Breslao, 

1860, p. 46, pi. 4, figs. 2a-c. 
Ctenocrinus IsBvis Shumard, Trans. Acad* Sd. St. Louis, 2, 1866, p. 361 (gen. ref.). 
Melocrinus Isevls Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 

1881, p. 296 (Rev. Pal., pt. 2, p. 122). 
Melocrinus xoemeri Wachsmuth and Springer, Amer. Creol., 10, 1892, p. 142; Mem. 

Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, 20, 1897, p. 301, pi. 22, figs. 11a, b.— Wood, Boll. 

U. S. Nat. Mus., 64, 1909, p. 44, pi. 10, figs. 11, 12.— Grabau and Shimer, 

N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 556, fig. 1888. 
Niagaran (Brownsport): Decatur County, Tennessee. 
- Ple$iotype,—€a,t. No. 39919, U.S.N.M. (Troost's type of T. vemeuili). 



BIBUOQBAPHIG LIST OF QENEBA AND SPECIES. 797 

Meloeftniis sculptiui (Hall). 

Mdocrinitee sculptus Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1862, p. 228, pi. 49A, figs. 2a-c. 
Mdocrmufl sculptus Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 261 (gen. ref.). 
Niagaian (Lockpoit): Lockport, New York. 

MxuxntiNcs YKRNKuiu Hall. Se^ Melocriims obpyramidalis. 

Meioerfnas wlttenbergensls Rowley. 

Melocrinus wittenbergensis Rowley, Amer. Geol., 34, 1904, p. 274, pi. 16, ^. 27. 
Niagaran or Helderbeigian: Near Wittenbeig, MisBouri. 

nNOCKPHALUS Owen. Genotype: M. minnesotensis Owen. 

MeDoeephalns Owen, Rep. Geol. Surv. Wiflconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, *1852, p. 

577.— Barrande, Neues Jahrb. Min. Geol. and Pal., 1853, p. 336.— Billings, 

Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 313; Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, 

p. 405.— iMiller, N. A. (5eol. Pal., 1889, p. 556. 

Meooeephalus globosus Billings. 

Menocephalus globosus Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 317, figs. 17-19; 
G€ol. Canada, (ieol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 237, figs. 267 2-c; Pal. Foss., 1, 
Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 408, figs. 388a-c. — ^Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsyl- 
vania, Refp. P 4, 1889, p. 390, figs. 
Ozarkian? (Levis-erratic): Point Levis, Quebec. 

HsBoeephalus salteri Devine. 

Meoocephalufl Salteri Devine, Canadian Nat. Geol., 8, 1862, p. 210, fig.— Billings, 

Pkl, Fobs., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 203, fig. 187.— Rominger, Proc. 

Acad. Nat. Sd. Philadelphia, 1887, p. 16, pi. 1, fig. 6.— Walcott, Amer. Jour. 

ScL, 3d aer., 36, 1888, p. 166.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 556, fig.U032. 
Ozarkian? (Levis-erratic): Point Levis, Quebec. 

llMioe^lialas sedg^wlcki Billings. 

Menocephalus sedgwicki Billings, Canadian Nat. Creol., 5, 1860, p. 316, fig. 19; 

Geol. Canada, (SeoL Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 237, fig. 266; Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. 

Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 407, fig. 387. 
Ozarkian? (Levis-erratic): Point Levis, Quebec. 

imiSTA SueoB. Genotype: Atrypa herculee Banunde. 

MerisU Suess, Jahrb. Eongl. Eais. Creol. Reichs., 2, 1851, pp. 150, 160.— Hall, 

13th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1860, p. 73; 20th Rep. New York 

State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1867, p. 258.— Dall, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 8, 1877, p. 

47.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1893, p. 70, fig. 54; 13th Ann. 

Rep. New York State Geol., 1896, p. 771.— Schuchertj Zittel-Eastman Textb. 

Pid., 1913, p. 416. 
Camarimn Hall, 12th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1859, p. 42; Pal. New 

York, 3, 1850, p. 486; 15th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1862, 

p. 176. 

MmsfXA BiBULCAXA. HaU. See Whitfieldella sulcata. 

UaartA ctundbica HaU. See Whitfieldella cylindrica. 

MBusfEA iKTEBicsniA Hall. See Whitfieldella intermedia. 

MmsnA uma HalL See Whitfieldella Isevis. 

MzKiscA NiTiDA Hall. See Whitfieldella nitida. 

MxiiBTA KmDA var. oblata Hall. See Whitfieldella oblata. 



798 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Merista NX7CLEOLATA Hall. Soo WMtfieldella? nucleolata. 

Merista sulcata Miller. See Whitfieldella sulcata. 

Merista tennesseensis Hall and Clarke. 

Merista tenneaseensis Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 7,'pt. 2, 1895, pp. 71, 365, 

pi. 42, figs. 1-6. 
Niagaran (Brownsport): Perry County, Tennessee. 

Merista typa (Hall). 

Cambium typum Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 487, pi. 95a, figs. 2a, 3, 6, 6. 

Camarium elongatum, ibid., p. 488, pi. 95a, fig. 4. 

Merista typa Hall, lath Ann. Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1860, p. 93, 

figs. 10-13.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1893, pi. 42, figs. 7- 

12. — Schuchert and Maynard, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, p. 

449, pi. 74, figs. 20-24. 
Helderbeigian (Keyser): Devils Backbone, Cash Valley, etc., near Cumberland, 

Maryland. 

MEBISTELLA Hall. Genotype: Merista arcuata Hall. 

?Meristella Hall, 12th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1859, p. 78. 

Meristella Hall, 13th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1860, pp. 74-83; 
16th Rep. ibid., 1863, p. 50, figs. 27-34; Trans. Albany Inst., 4, 1863, p. 
139; Amer. Jour. Sci., 2d ser., 35, 1863, p. 396; 36, p. 11; 20th Rep. New York 
State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1867, pp. 155, 258; Pal. New York, 4, 1867, p. 295.— 
NetteLroth, Kentucky Fossil Shells, Mem. Kentucky Geol. Survr., 1889, p. 
97.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1893, p. 73, figs. 56, 66; 13th 
Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1895, p. 773. — Schuchertand Maynard, 
Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, p. 442. — Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman 
Textb. Pal., 1900, p. 341; ibid., 2d ed., 1913, p. 415. 

Athyris Billings, Proc. Portland Soc. Nat. Hist., 1863, p. 115. 

Meristella bella Whitfield. See Hindella? (Greenfieldla) whitfieldi. 

Meristella (?Msristina) cylindrica Meek. See Whitfieldella cylindrica. 

Meristella juiia Miller. See Whitfieldella(?) julia. 

Meristella lavis Hall and Clarke. See Whitfieldella laevis. 

Meristella LiBVis Whitfield (1891). See Whitfieldella prosseri. 

Me^stella marla. Hall. See Meiistina maria. 

Meristella naviformis Hall. See Whitfieldella(?) naviformis. 

Meristella NiriDA Hall. See Whitfieldella nitida. 

Meristella nucleolata Whitfield. See Whitfieldella(?) nucleolata. 

Meristella praBnuntla Schuchertand Maynard. 

Meristella praenuntia Schuchert and Maynard, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low Dev., 

1913, p. 443, pi. 73, figs. 43-46; pi. 74, figs. 1-4. 
Helderbeigian (Keyser): Keyser, West Virginia; Dawson, Tonoloway, etc., 

Maryland. 

Meristella prinstana Miller. See Hindella prinstana. 
Meristella rectirostra Hall. See Meristina rectrirostiis. 
Mbristblla tumida Etheridge. See Meristioa maria. 



BIBUOGRAPHTC LIST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 799 

Mkkistelxa ttxbonata Foerste. See Hindella umbonata. 

MKBISTIKA Hall. Genotype: Meristella maria Hall. 

Menstixia Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1867, p. 157; Pal. 
New Ywk, 4, 1867, p. 299.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1880, p. 686. Davidson, 
Hon. Britifih Foes. Brach., 5, Sil. Suppl., Pal. Soc., 1882, p. 82; Suppl. p. 95.— 
Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 354.— Nettelroth (part), Kentucky Fossil 
Shells, Mem. Kentucky Geol. Surv., 1889, p. 101.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. 
New York, 8, pt. 2, 1893, p. 65; 13th Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1895, 
p. 770. — Koken, Die Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 240, figs. 200, 5. — Grabau 
and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 351. — Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman 
Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 415. 
Whitfieldia Davidson, Suppl. British Sil. Brach., Pal. Soc., 1882, p. 107.— Beecher 
and Clarke, Mem. New York State Mus., 1, 1889, p. 73.— Miller, N. A. Geol. 
PaL, 1889, p. 388.— Koken, Die Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 240, figs. 
201, 1, 2. 

MMl8tlna(r) ezpansa Whiteaves. 

Meri8tiDa(?) expansa Whiteaves, Ann. Rep. Geol. Surv. Canada, n. s., 14, App. 

F, 1904, p. 45; ibid., Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 245, pi. 27, figs. 6, 7. 
Niagaran: Ekwan and Attawapiskat Rivers, Canifcda. 

MmlstinA maria (HaU). 

Meristella maria Hall, Trans. Albany Inst., 4, 1863, p. 212.— Hall and Whitfield, 

24di Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1872, p. 196. 
Mensdna maria Hall, 20ih Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1867, p. 157; 

Pkl. New York, 4, 1867, p. 299.— Hall and Whitfield, Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 

132, pi. 7, figs. 5, 6.— Nettelroth, Kentucky Fossil Shells, Mem. Kentucky 

Geol. Surv., 1889, p. 101, pi. 29, figs. 7-10.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 

8, pt. 2, 1893, p. 67, pi. 41, figs, 1-17.— Kindle and Breger, 28th Rep. Dep. 

Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Indiana, 1904, p. 445, pi. 9, figs. 29-32.— Grabau and 

Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 351, fig. 459. 
Merisdna (Meristella) maria Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, 

p. 396, figs. 
Meristella tumida Etheridge, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 34, 1878, p. 597. 
Meristella (Meristina) maria Hall, 28th Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 

1879, p. 159, pi. 25, figs. &-12; 11th Rep. State Geol. Indiana, 1882, p. 299, 

pi. 25, figs. 8-12. 
Whitfieldia maria Beecher and Clarke, Mem. New York State Mus., 1, 1889, p. 73, 

pi. 7, figs, 1-5.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 388, ^, 639. 
Niagaran: Waldron, Indiana (Waldron); Springfield, Ohio; Louisville, Kentucky; 

Bridgeport, Illinois; Racine, Wisconsin; Beesels Bay, Arctic America. 
PtowXypcf .--Cat. No. 51315, U.S.N.M. 

Meristina maria roemerl Foerste. 

Athyris tumida Roemer, Sil. Fauna West Tennessee, 1860, p. 70, pi. 5, fig. 12. 
Meristina maria-roemeri Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 88, 

pi. 2, fig. 29A, B. 
Kiagaran (Brownsport): Near Glenkirk, Brownsport Furnace, P^gram, Savannah, 

etc., Tenneeeee. 

MuosTiNA NiriDA Hall. See Whitfieldella nitida. 

Meitottiia prof^inda Giabau. 

Meristina profunda Grabau, Michigan Geol. Surv., Geol. Ser.^ 1, 1909, p. 160, pi. 

21, 5g^. 20-22. 
Lower Monroan (Raisin River): Raisin River, Michigan. 



800 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Merlstlna profunda slnosa Grabau. 

MeiiBtlna profunda mut. sinosuB G?rabau, Michigan Geol. Surv., Geol. S^., 1, 1909, 

p. 161, pL 21, figs. 14-16. 
Lower Monroan (Raisin River): Claim 432, Monroe County, Michigan. 

Meristlna rectirostris Hall. 

Meristella rectirostra Hall, Deec. n. sp. Fossils from Waldron, Indiana, 1879, p. 

15; 11th Rep. State Geol. Indiana, 1882, p. 301, pi. 27, figs. 10-14; Trans. 

Albany Inst., 10, 1883, p. 71. — ^Beecher and Clarke, Mem. New York State 

Mus., 1, 1889, p. 67, pi. 7, figs. 4, 6, 11-13. — Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, 

Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 394, figs. 
Meristina rectirostra Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1893, p. 68, fi^s. 

52, 63, pi. 41, figs. 18-21. — Beecher, Amer. Jour. Sci.,. 3d aer., 44, 1892^ p. 

146. — Kindle and Breger, 28th Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Lidiana, 1904, 

p. 445, pi. 9, figs. 21-24. 
Niagaran: Waldron, Indiana (Waldron); Little Deer Creek, , Carroll County, 

Indiana. 

Meristlna trisinuata (McChesney). 

Pentamerus trisinuatus McChesney, Desc. New Pal. Fossils, 1861, p. 86. 
Athyris? trisinuatus McChesney, Trans. Chicago Acad. Sci., 1, 1868, p. 33, pi. 8, 

fig. 2. 
Meristina trisinuata Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 270. 
Niagaran (Racine): Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

MEBISTOSPIBA Grabau. Genotype: M. michiganensifl Grabau. 

Meristospira Grabau, Michigan Geol. Surv., Geol. Ser., 1, 1909, p. 158. — Schudiert, 
Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 415. 

Meristospira mlchiganensls Grabau. 

Meristospira michiganense Grabau, Michigan Greol. Surv., Geol. Ser. 1, 1909, p. 

159, pi. 20, figs. 5, 6, 7-11; pi. 21, figs. 4-6. 
Upper Monroan (Amherstbuig): Woolmith quarry, Monroe Coxmty, Michigan. 

MEBOCBINUS Walcott. Genotype: M. typus Walcott. 

Merocrinus Walcott, 35th Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 1884, p. 208, iig. 
(adv. sheets, 1883, p. 2).^Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. ScL 
Philadelphia, 1886, pp. 115, 139 (Rev. Pal.,pt. 3, sec. 2, pp. 191, 215); ibid., 
1890, p. 380.— Faber, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 9, 1886, pp. 18, 19.— 
Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 262.— Bather, Geol. Mag., dec. 4, 6, 1899, 
p. 33, fig. 4; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 6th ser., 5, 1890, p. 332, pi. 14, ^, 11; 
Geol. Mag., dec. 4, 3, 1896, p. 73; Treatise on Zool., pt. 3, Echinoderma, 
London, 1900, p. 178, fig. 96; Bull. Victoria Memorial Mus., 1, 1913, p. 1.— 
Springer, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 215. 

Merocrinus corroboratus Walcott. 

Merocrinus corroboratus Walcott, 35th Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 1882, 

p. 210, pi. 17, fig. 6. 
Trenton: Trenton Falls, New York. 

Merocrinus curtus (Ulrich). 

Dendrocrinus curtus Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 2, 1879, p. 18, pi. 7, 

fig. 14. 
Merocrinus curtus Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Philadelpliia, 

1886, p. 140 (Rev. Pal., pt. 3, sec. 2, p. 216).— Faber, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. 

Nat. Hist., 9, 1886, p. 19, pi. 1, fig. 2.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 262, 

fig. 367. 
Eden (Fidton): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
Holotype.—CaX, No. 42103, U.S.N.M. 



BIBUOGRAPHIC UBT OF GBNERA AND SPECIES. 801 

Mafoerfaiiu tjpns Walcott. 

McfocrinuB typuB Walcott, 35tli Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. HiBt., 1884, p. 

209, pi. 17, fig. 5 (adv. eheets, 1883). 
Trenton: Trenton FallB, New York; West Covington, Kentucky. 

mSOMPHALUS Ulrich and Baasler. Genotype: M. hartley! Ulrich and Bassler. 
MeaompbaluB UMch and Baasler, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, p. 522. 

lfesom]^atii8 harUeyl Ulrich and Baasler. 

Mesomphalus hartley! Ulrich and Baasler, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, 

p. 523, pi. 95, igs. 22-24; pi. 96, figa. 1-3. 
Helderb^rgian (Keyser): Cumberland, Maryland; Eeyser, West Virginia. 
Cb^pet.— Oat. No. 53304, U.S.N.M. 

MMomj^mliis sabmarginata Ulrich and Baasler. 

Mesomphalus submarginata Ulrich and Bassler, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 

1913, p. 523, pL 96, figB. 4, 5. 
Helderbeigian (Keyser): Cumberland, Maryland. 
flWo^pe.— Cat. No. 53306, U.S.N.M. 

MIS0PAI.&48TEB Schuchert. Genotype: Palseaster ahaefferi Hall. 

Palfleaster (part) of authors. 
TAigaater Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868, p. 287; rev. ed., 

186S-1870, p. 329 (nom. nud.). 
Mesopalieaster Schuchert, in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, p. 24; Bull. 

U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 74. 

llMopalsaster anttquus (Troost). 

Aslerias antiqua Troost (not Hisinger, 1837), Trans. Geol.' Soc. Pennsylvania, 1, 

1835, p. 232, pi. 10, fig. 9; 5th €^1. Rep. Tennessee, 1840, pp. 11, 55; ibid., 

6Ui Rep., 1841, p. 176; Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 2, 1850, p. 59. 
Pe(ni«ter(?) antiqua Shumard, Trans. Acad. Sd. St. Louis, 2, 1866, p. 386 (gen. 

lef.). 
Fateaster (Argaster) antiqua Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 

1868, p. 287; rev. ed., 1870, p. 329. 
Pakeaat^ antiqua James, Jour. C!incinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 18, 1895, p. 133. — 

Wood, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 64, 1909, p. 105, pi. 8, fig, 1. 
AzgastCT antiqua Gregory, Geol. Mag., dec. 4, 6, 1899, p. 345 (gen. ref.). 
Mesopalseaster antiquua Schuchert, in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, p. 

24; Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 86. 
Trenton (Catheys): Harpeth River, Davidson County, Tennessee. 

Mesopaleaster benulns (BUlings). 

Petraster bellulus Billings, Pal. Foes., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 393, fig. 368.— 

Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 269, fig. 389. 
Mesopalasaster bellulus Schuchert, in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, p. 24; 

BuD. U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 91, fig. 7. 
Clinton (Rochester): Grimsby, Ontario. 

]lesopal»a0ter(l) eataraetensts Schuchert. 

MeBopalseaster(?) cataractensia Schuchert, in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 

1914, p. 25 (nom. nud.); Bull. U. S. Nat Mus., 88, 1915, p. 89, pi. 9, fig. 2. 
Upper Medinan (Cataract): Hamilton, Ontario. 

Ifeaopaleaater dublus (Miller and Dyer). 

Palsaster dubius Miller and Dyer, Cent, to Pal., No. 2, 1878, p. 5, pi. 4, fig. 8.^ 
James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 18, 1895, p. 130. 



802 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

MesopalsBaster dubius — Continued. 

Me8opal»aater(?) dubius Schuchert, in Freeh, Fobs. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, 

p. 25; Bull. U. S. Nat. Mua., 88, 1915, p. 86. 
Trenton (Upper): Weet Covington, Kentucky. 

MesopalflDaster flnel (Ulrich). 

Palseaster finei Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hiat., 2, 1879, p. 19, pi. 7, figs. 

15, 15a, b.-Jamee, ibid., 18, 1895, p. 130. 
Mesopalseafiter finei Schuchert, in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, p. 25; 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 81, pi. 7, fig. 5; pi. 9, fig. 5. 
Eden (Fulton): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

MesopalflDaster grant! (Spencer). 

Palaeaster granti Spencer, Bull. Missouri State Mus., 1, 1884, p. 53, pi. 7, fig. 1; 

Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 4, 1884, p. 603, pi. 7, fig. 1. 
Mesopakeaster granti Schuchert, in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, p. 25; 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 89, pi. 9, fig. 3. 
Upper Medinan (Cataract): Hamilton, Ontario. 

MesopalflDaster Intermedtus Schuchert. 

Mesopakeaster intermedins Schuchert, in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, 

p. 25 (nom. nud.); Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 79, pi. 9, fig. 4. 
Maysville: Cincinnati, Ohio. 

MesopalflDaster(?) lanceolatus Schuchert. 

Me8opal£ea8ter(?) lanceolatus Schuchert, in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 
1914, p. 25 (nom. nud.); Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 82, pi. 4, hg, 3. 
Utica: Near Kome^ New York. 

MesopalflDaster parriusculus (Billings). 

Palfieasterparviuscidus Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 69, fig. — Dawson, 

Acadian Geol., 2d ed., p. 594, fig. 197. — Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, 

Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 578, fig.— Hudson, Bull. New York State Mus., 164, 1913, 

p. 110, pis. 1-4. 
MeBopalseaster(?) parviusculus Schuchert, in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 

1914, p. 25; BuU. U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 87, pi. 9, ^, 1. 
Silurian: Arisaig, Nova Scotia. 

MesopalflDaster proaTttus Schuchert. 

Mesopakeaster proavitus Schuchert, in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 8, 1914, 

p. 25 (nom. nud.); Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 83. 
Eden (Economy): Covington, Kentucky. 

MesopalflDaster shflDfferi (Hall). 

Palfieaster shsefferi Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Hist., p. 284; rev. ed., 
1870, p. 326, pi. 9, fig. 1.— Meek, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 1, 1873, p. 66, pL 
E(4), fig. 1.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 578, fig.— 
James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 18, 1895, p. 131. 

Meeopalfieaster shsefferi Schuchert, in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, 
p. 25; Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 77, pi. 8, figs. 1, 2. 

Maysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Richmond (Waynesville): Waynesville, Ohio. 

MesopalflDaster wilberanus (Meek and Worthen). 

Petraster wilberanus Meek and Worthen, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 13, 

1861, p. 142.— James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 18, 1895, p. 134. 
Falfleaster wilberanus Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868, p. 
285; rev. ed., 1870, p. 328. 



BUbUOQBAPHIC LIST OP GENERA AND SPECIES. 803 

]lMop«l»a8ter wUberanus — Continued. 

M68opa]8Ba8ter(7) wlIbeiannB Schuchert, in Freeh, Fosb. Cat, 1, Anlm., pt. 3, 

1914, p. 25; Bull. U. S. Nat. Mufl., 88, 1915, p. 84. 
Richmond: Oswego, K^idall Countjr, Illinois. 

lOSOTRTFA ULrich. Genotype: Diplotrypa infida Ulrich. 

Diplotrypa (in part) Nicholson, Paleozoic Tabulate Corals, 1879, p. 312; Genus 

Monticulipora, 1881, pp. 101, 155.— Uhich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 

5, 1882, p. 153.— Foord, Contr. Micro-Pal. Cambro-Sil., 1883, p. 13.— UMch, 

Geol. 8urv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 378. 
Mesotrypa Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 257.— Nickles and Bassler, Bull. 

U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, p. 30.— Baasler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 

27. — Grab»i and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 130.— Hennig, 

Archiv. fur Zool., 4, No. 21, 1908, p. 29.— Bassler, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 77, 

1911, p. 196. 

Kesotrypa ang^&rls Ulrich and Bassler. 

Mesotrypa angularis Ulrich and Bassler, Smiths. Misc. Coll., Quart., 47, 1904, p. 

23, pi. 7, figs- 7-9. 
Trenton: Frankfort, Burgin and Curdsville, Kentucky (Hermitage); Ottawa, etc., 

Ontario, 
flbto^rp*.— Cat. No. 43182, U.S.N.M. 

Xssotrypa dlaeoldea Ulrich. 

Mesotrypa diBCoidea Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 260, fig. 16. 
Dianulitee discoidea Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 728 (gen. ref .). 
Tr»iton (Proeser): Goodhue County, Minnesota. 
flWoeype.— €at. No. 43544, U.S.N .M. 

Xeootrypa echlnata Ulrich and Bassler. 

Mesotrypa echinata Ulrich and Bassler, Smiths. Misc. Coll., Quart., 47, 1904, p. 

22, pi. 7, figs. 4-6. 
Trenton (Hermitage): Nashville, Tennessee; Danville and Frankfort, Kentucky. 
JWo^p«.— Cat. No. 44056, U.S.N.M. 

Xeootrypa Inllda (Ulrich. 

Diplotrypa Infida Ulrich, 14th Ann. Hep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minnesota, 1886, 

p. 88. • 

Mesotrypa infida Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 258, pi. 17, figs. 1-8; ZittePs 

Textb. Pal. (Engl, ed.), 1896, fig. 453 (p. 273).— Bassler, Zittel-Eastman 

Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 333, fig. 479. 
Black River (Decorah): Minneapolis, St. Pa\il, and Goodhue and Fillmore 

counties, Minnesota. 
Compel.— Cat. Nos. 43542, 43543, U.S.N.M. 

MisoTRTPA MiLLBRi Nicklos and Bassler. See Mesotrypa nummiformis. 

Mesotrypa nammlfonnls (Hall). 

CaUopcra nummiformis Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 148, pi. 40, figs. 5a, b. 

Gailoporella? nimmiiformis Ulrich, Greol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 416. 

Mesotrypa nummiformis Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 27, pi. 10, 
figs. 1-4. 

Diplotrypa milleri Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 245, pi. 
11, figs. 2-2c. 

Mesotrypa milleri Nickles and Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv. 173, 1900, p. 312. 

Qinton: Lockport, Rochester, etc.. New York; Grimsby, Hamilton, etc., Onta- 
rio (Rochester); Osgood, Indiana (Osgood). 

Pfe«b<yp«.— Cat. Nos. 35544, 43659, U.S.N.M. {holotype of D. milleri). 



804 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Mesotrypa orbiculata CumingB and Galloway. 

Meeotrypa orbiculata CumingB and GaUoway, 37th Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. 

Res. Indiana, 1913, p. 80, pi. 14, figs. 1-lb. 
Richmond (Amheim): Big Four Railroad, near Harmon's Station, Indiana. 

Mesotrypa pateUa (Ulrich). 

Diplotrypa patella Uhich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 468, pi. 33, figs. 2-2c.— 

J. F. James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 16, 1894, p. 184. 
Mesotrypa patella Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 257. 
DianuUtes patella Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 728 (gen. ref.). 
Richmond (Whitewater): Oxford, Ohio; Richmond, Indiana. 
Holotyp€,-<^2it, No. 43306, U.S.N .M. 

Mesotrypa quebecensls (Ami). 

Diplotrypa Quebecensls Ami, Canadian Rec. Sci., 5, 1892, p. 101. 

Mesotrypa quebecensls Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 259, figs. 15, e, f. — 

Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 130, fig. 186f.— Bassler, 

Bull. Virginia Geol. Surv., 2a, 1909, pi. 24, figs. 3, 4. 
Dianulites quebecensls Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 728 (gen. ref.). 
Trenton: Quebec, etc., Quebec; Bridport, Vermont; Trenton Falls and Little 

Falls, New York; Frankfort, Burgin, and Danville, Kentucky (Hermitage); 

Decorah, Iowa (Prosser). 
Pfewotype.— Cat. No. 43540, U.S.N.M. 

Mesotrypa regularts (Foord). . 

Diplotrypa regularis Foord, Contr. Micro-Pal. Cambro-Sil., 1883;^ p. 13, pi. 1, 

figs. 3-3c. 
Mesotrypa regularis Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 257. 
Trenton: Ottawa, Ontario. 

Mesotrypa? rotunda Ulrich. 

Mesotrypa? rotunda Ulrich, Qeoh Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 262, ^, 17. 
DianuHtes rotunda Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 728 (gen. ref.). 
Trenton (Prosser): Hader, Minnesota. 
J7oto(yp«.— Cat. No. 43545, U.S.N.M. 

Mesotrypa selkirkensis Whiteaves. ^ 

Mesotrypa selkirkensis Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., 3, 1897, p. 162, pi. 19, figs. 1, la. 
Dianulites selkirkensis Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 728 (gen. ref.). 
Black River or Richmond: East Selkirk, Manitoba. 

Mesotrypa? spinosa Ulrich. 

Mesotrypa? spinosa Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 259, pi. 17, figs. 9-12. 
Black River (Decorah): Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota. 
Cotype*.— Cat. No. 43546, U.S.N.M. 

Mesotrypa whlteavesl (Nicholson). 

(3haetetes petropolitanus (part) Nicholson, Quar. Jour. Qeol. Soc. London, 30, 

1875, p. 510, pi. 30, figs. 5, 5c; Tal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 204, pi. 21, figs. 14-14b; 
Geol. Mag., n. s., 2, 1875, p. 175; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 18, 1876, 
p. 88, pi. 5, figs. 6a (not 6). 

MonticuUpora (Diplotrypa) whiteavesii Nicholson, Paleozoic Tabulate Corals, 

1876, p. 316, pi. 13, figs. 4-4b (not pi. 14, 1); (Jenus MonticulipOTa, 1881, p. 
160, fig. 31. 

Monticulipora whiteavesii James and James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 10, 
1888, p. 169; J. F. James, ibid., 16, 1894, p. 187. 



BIBLIOQBAPHIC LIST OF OENEBA AND SPBCIES. 805 

M€0otnrpa whlteaTesI — Contiiiued. 

MesotiTpa wliiteaveBii Ulrich, Geol. Minneeota, 3, 1893, figs. 15g, h. 
Trenton: Peterboro, etc., Ontario. 
Pfcfib^pe.— Cat. No. 43541, U.S.N.M. 

MxTABiASTUs 8UBCTLINDBI0A Etheridgo and Carpenter. See TroostocrinuB eubcy- 
lindrica. 

Mbtopias Eichwald. See Metopolichas Gtuich. 

MCTOPOUCHAS Gurich. Genotype; M. hubneri Eichwald. 

Metopias Eichwald, Die Urwelt Ruas., 1842, p. 62.--Loven, Ofvere. K. Vet.- 

Akad. Forhandl., 2, 1846, p. 53.— Schmidt, Mem. I'Acad. Imp. Sci. St. 

Petensburg, 7th ser., 33, 1885, pp. 30, 39. — Koken, Die Leitfofisilien, Leipzig, 

1896, p. 30. 
MetoppKchaa Gurich, Neues Jahri>. Min., Geol. Pal., 14, Beilage-Band, 1901, p. 

521, pi. 20, fig. 17.— Reed, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 58, 1902, p. 61.— 

Grabau and ShimCT, N. A. Index Foeeilfi, 2, 1910, p. 311. 

Metopolichas brertceps (Hall). 

Lichas brevicepe Hall, Trans. Albany Inst., 4, 1863, p. 222.— Hall and Whitfield, 

Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 156, pi. 6, fig. 17.— Hall, 28th Rep. New York State Mue. 

Nat. Hist., doc. ed., 1877, pi. 34, figs. 1-7; mus. ed., 1879, p. 197, pi. 34, figs. 

1-7; 11th Rep. Dep. Geol. and Nat. Hist., Indiana, 1882, p. 343, pi. 36, figs. 

1-7. — ChamberUn, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, p. 195, ^. — Lesley, Geol. Surv. 

Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 337, figs. 
Metopolichas brevicepe Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 311. 
Niagaran (Waldron): Waldron, Indiana; Newsom, Tennessee. 

Metopolichas breflceps cllntonensls (Foerste). 

lichas breviceps Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 1, 1885, p. 112, pi. 13, 

Gg. 26a-d; ibid., 2, 1887, p. 98, pi. 8, figs. 18, 19. 
Lichas brevicepe clintonensis Foerste, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 529, pi. 25, 

figs. 26a-e; pi. 27, figs. 18, 19; Jour. Geol., 11, 1903, p. 706 (loc. occ). 
Metopolichas breviceps clintonensis Savage, Bull. Geol. Surv. Illinois, 23, 1913, 

p. 105, pi. 6, figs. 13, 14. 
Upper Medinan: Dayton, etc., Ohio;Hanov^, Indiana (Braasfield); near Thebes, 

Illinois; Edgewood and Louisiana, Missouri (Edgewood). 

Metopolkhas ferrfsl Weller. 

Metopolichas ferrisi Weller, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 2, 

1907, p. 244, pi. 22, figs. 12-13.— Savage, Bull. Geol. Surv. Illinois, 23, 1913, 

p. 122, pi. 7, figs. 23, 24. 
Uppo- Medinan (Channahon): Near Channahon, Will Coimty, Illinois. 

MetopoUchas fiugnax (Winchell and Marcy). 

Lichas pugnax ¥^chell and Marcy, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1865, p. 103, 

pi. 3, figs. lOa-c.— Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., rev. ed., 

1870, p. 424, pi. 25, fig. 20; also p. 433. 
Metopolichas pugnax Weller, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 2, 

1907, p. 242, pi. 21, figs. 1-4. 
Kiagaian (Racine): Bridgeport, Illinois. 

MBTOPTOMA Phillips. Genotype: M. oblonga Phillips. 

Metoptoma Phillips, Geol. Yorkshire, pt. 2, 1836, p. 223.— D*Orbigny, Prodr. 

de Pal., 1, 1849, p. 73.— Woodward, Man. MoUusca, pt. 1, 1851, p. 155.— 

McCoy, British Pal. Rocks and Foss., 1854, p. 523.— Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, 



806 BULLBTTN 92, UNITED STATES- NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

METOPTOMA— Continued. 

Geol. Surv. Canada, 1862, p. 86.— Meek and Wortlien, Ppoc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 
Philadelphia, 1866, p. 2^6; Geol. Surv. Illinois, 3, 1868, p. 606.-— Zittel, 
Handb. Pal., 2, 1882, p. 176.— Koninck, Ann. d. Mus. Royal d'Hiat. Nat. de 
Belgique, 8, 1883, p. 187.— Koken, Neuee Jahrb. Min. Geol. Pal., 6, Beilage- 
Band, 1889, p. 422.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 409.— Koken, Die 
LeitfoBsilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 94, fig. 72, figs. 1, 2. — Berkey, Amer. Geo!., 21, 
1898, p. 278.— Pilsbry, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 442. 
Observation. — ^Although numerous species have been referred to Metoptomaby 
American authors, it is probable that none of them possesses the essential features 
of the genus . Metoptoma is apparently the European representative of the Ameri- 
can Carboniferous genus Lepetopsis Whitfield. 

Metoptoma Billings, and other authors. See Archinacella Ulrich and Scofield, and 
Triblidium LindstrGm. 

Metoptoma?? alceste Billings. 

Metoptoma Alceste Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 153, text 

figs. 133a, b (adv. sheets, 1862); Cat. Sil. loss. Anticosti Geol. Surv. Canada, 

1866, p. 18. 
Richmond (English Head): English Head, Anticosti. 

Metoptoma alt a Whitfield. See Scenella? alta. 

Metoptoma? akaloga Walcott. See Scenella analoga. 

Metoptoma?? aug^sta Billings. 

Metoptoma Augusta Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 88. 

(Adv. sheets, 1862.) 
Ozarkian? (Levis-erratics) : Point Levis, Quebec. 

Metoptoma?? anomala Billings. 

Metoptoma anomala Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 89, 

figs. 81a, b. (Adv. sheets, 1862.) 
Ozarkian? (Levis-erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

Mbtoftoma Barabubnsis Whitfield. See Tryblidium barabuense. 

Metoptoma billinosi Walcott. See Archinacella? biUingsi. 

Metoptoma canadensis Miller. See Priscochiton canadensis. 

Metoptoma oobnutaformb Walcott. See Tryblidium comutaforme. 

Metoptoma deformis Billings. See Archinacella deformata. 

Metoptoma dubia Hall. See Archinacella deformata. 

Metoptoma EJrato Billings. See Tryblidium erato. 
Metoptoma Estella Billings. See Archinacella estella. 
Metoptoma Eubule Billings. See Tryblidium eubule. 
Metoptoma EZPLAN ATA Sardeson. See Archinacella perovalis. 
Metoptoma Htbie BiUings. See Tryblidium hyrie. 
Metoptoma instabilis Billings. See Archinacella instabilis. 



BIBLIOQBAPHIC LIST OF GENEBA AND SPECIES. 807 

Meloptomatt mellssa Billings. 

Metoptcnna Melissa Biffings, Pal. Fossils, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 86 (adv. 

fllieets, 1862). 
Ossridan? (Levis — erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

Mroptoma montrealensis Billings. See Scenella montrealensis. 

Mktqftoma montrealensis Raymond. See Archinacella propria. 

HiTOPTOMA niobe BilUngs. See Tryblidium niobe. 

MrroproMA Ntcteis BiUings. See Tryblidium nycteis. 

Metqptoma Obithtia Billings. See Scenella oiithyia. 

MsiorroMA Obphtkb Billings. See Pakeacmsea orphyne. 

MnorroMA pbbovalis Whitfield. See Archinacella perovalis. 

UsTOFTOMA Phillipsi Walcott. See Arcl^nacella phillipsi. 

MBTOfTOMA Qxtebbcensis BiUings. See Paleeacmsea quebecensis. 

Mrqroma rbcurva Whitfield. See Hypseloconus recurvus. 

METt^TOMA betrobsa WMtfiold. See Tryblidium retrorsimi. 

HnoPTOMA smiLis Whitfield. See Archinacella similis. 

Metoptoma simplex Billings. See Archinacella simplex. 

MiTOPTouA suPEBBA BiUiugs. See Scenella superba. 

MnopTOMA Tbbmtonensis Billings. See Archinacella trentonensis. 

Uetopioma Venillia Billings. See Scenella? venillia. 

MICHELINIA Dekoninck. Genotype: Manon favosum Goldfuss. 

Micfaelinia Dekoninck, Desc. Animaux Foesiles, Liege, 1842, p. 29. — Dana, Wilkes 
U. S. Expl. Exped., 1838-42, 7, SSoophytes, 1846, p. 362.— Edwards and 
Haime, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci., 29, 1849, p. 260; Mon. Polyp. Foss. Terr. 
Pal. (Arch, du Mus. d'Hist. Nat., 5), 1851, pp. 152, 249— McCoy, British Pal. 
Rocks Foes., 1854, p. 80.— King, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 2d ser., 17, 1856, p. 
137.— Pictet, Traite de Pal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 441.— Billings, Geol. Surv. Can- 
ada. Rep. Progr. for 1857, 1858, p. 173; Canadian Nat. Geol., 3, 1858, p. 426; 
CianaHian Jour., n. s., 4, 1859, p. 111.— Milne Edwards, Hist. Nat. Corall., 
3, 1860, p. 259.— Rominger, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 2d ser., 34, 1862, pp. 391, 
399. — Koninck, Animaux Foss. Terr. Carb. Belgique (Mem. TAcad. Royal 
Set de Belgique, 39), 1872, p. 130.— Nicholson, Rep. Pal. Prov. Ontario, pt. 
1, 1874, p. 63.— lindstrom, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 18, 1876, p. 12.— 
Romiiiger, Geol. Surv. Michigan, 3, pt. 2, 1876, p. 72.— Nicholson, Tab. 
Cotals Pal. Period, 1879, p. 139, 151.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 235.— 
Roemer, Leth. geog., pt. 1, Leth. Pal., 1883, p. 429.— Waagen and Wenzel, 
UesxL Geol. Surv. India, Pal. Indica, 13th ser., 1, 1886, p. 848.— Hall and 
Simpeon, Pal. New York, 6, 1887, p. 12.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 
196.— Ss^eson, Neues Jahrb. f . Min., Geol. Pal., Beilage-Band, 10, 1896, p. 
294.— Lambe, Cont. Can. Pal., Geol. Surv. Canada, 4, pt. 1, 1899, p. 37.— 
Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 101; ibid., 2d ed., 1913, p. 115. 



808 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Michellnla louisrtllensis Greene. 

Kdchelinia louisvillensis Greene, Oont. Indiana Pal., pt. 3, 1899, p. ^0, pi. 8, figs. 

10-12. 
Niagaran (Louisville): Near Louisville, Kentucky. 

Michellnla nlagarensls Davis. 

Michelinia nlagarensis Davis, Kentucky Foss. Corals, Geol. Surv. Kentucky, 

pt. 2, 1886, pi. 39, fig. 2. 
Niagaran (Louisville): Near Louisville, Kentucky. 

Michellnla prima Davis. 

Michelinia prima Davis, Kentucky Foes. Corals, Geol. Surv. Kentucky, pt. 2, 

1885, pi. 39, figs. 3-5; pi. 40, fig. 1. 
Niagaran (Louisville): Louisville, Kentucky. 

MICBOCEBAS Hall. Genotype: M. inomatum Hall. 

Microceras Hall, Amer. Jour. Sci., 48, 1845, p. 249. — ^Meek, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 
Pal. 1, 1873, p. 148.— Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 
311.— Koninck, Ann. Mus. Eoyal d'Hist. Nat. de Belgique, 8, 1883, p. 123, 
footnote.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal.*, 1889, p. 410.— Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. 
Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 847.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. 
Res., Indiana, 1908, p. 951. 
DiscoUtes Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 234 (Genotype: D. minutus 
Emmons). 

Microceras inomatum Hall. 

Microceras inomatus Hall, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 48, 1845, p. 294. — Miller, Cin- 
cinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 312.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. 
Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 970, pi. 40, figs. 9, 9a. 

Cyrtolites (Microceras) inomatus Meek, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal. 1, 1873, p. 147, 
pi. 13, figs. 4a, b. 

Cyrtolites subcompressus Meek, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal. 1, 1873, p. 147 (under 
C. inomatus). 

Discolites minutus Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 234. 

Majrsville and Richmond: Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity; Indiana; Kentucky; 
Tennessee; etc. 

Microceras minutissimum Ulrich. 

Microceras minutissimum Ulrich, Jour. Cin. Soc. Nat. Hist., 2, 1879, p. 13, pL 7, 

fig. 8. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Hamilton, and Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Cotypes.—CsLt. No. 46048, U.S.N.M. 

MicRODisous Emmons. See Ampyx Dalman. 

MicROPOBA Eichwald. See Stictoporella Ulrich. 

MiCBOSPONGiA Miller and Dyer. See Hindia Dimcan. 

MiLLEPORA. BBPENS Fought. See Alveolites repens. 

MiLLERiA Davis. See Dictyostroma Nicholson. 

MDf ULUS Barrande. Genotype: M. perversus Burrande. 

Mimulus Barrande, Syst. Sil. du (Centre Boheme, 5, pt. 1, 1879, p. 109, pi. 9 
(Ext. ibid., p. 173).— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, p. 684.— Hall and Clarke,.PftI. 
New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 272; 11th Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 
1894, p. 289.— Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 315; ibid., 
2d ed., 1913, p. 388. 



BIBUOGBAPHIC UST OF GBNEBA AND SPECIES. 809 

Mteulus waldroneiisls (Miller and Dyer). 

Spiizif6n(7) waldronenBLS Miller and Dyer, Jour. Cincinnati See. Nat. Hist., 1, 

1878, p. 37, pi. 2, fig. 3. 
Triplesia putilliifi Hall, Deec. New Sp. Fobb., Waldron, Ind., 1879, p. 16; lltli 

Rep. State Geol. Indiana, 1882, p. 298, pi. 27, figs. 19-22; Trans. Albany 

Inst., 10, 1883, p. 72.— Lesley, Creol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1890, p. 

1226, ^. 
Streptis waldronensis Beecher and Clarke, Mem. New York State Mns., 1, 1889, 

p. 301, pi. 3, figs. 9, 10. 
Mimulus waldronensifi Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 273, pi. 

lie, figs. 2a-28. 
Xiagaran (Waldron): Waldron, Indiana; Newsom, Tennessee. 

mrOCLEMA Ulrich. Crenotype: M. cinctosum Ulrich. 

Mitodema Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 6, 1882, p. 150, Geol. Surv. 
Illinois, 8, 1890, pp. 336, 369; Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 122.— Pocta, 
Syst. Sil. Centre Boheme, 8, pt. 1, 1894, p. 13. — Simpson, 14th, Ann. Rep. 
State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 598.— Nickles and Baseler, Bull. U. S. 
Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 22.— Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 
18.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 120.— Bassler, Bull. 
U. S. Nat. Mufl., 77, 1911, p. 69. 

Mitodema dnctosum Ulrich. 

Mitodema cinctosum Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 159, 

. pi. 6, figs. 7, 7a; Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, pi. 63, figs. 8-8b.— 

Simpson, 14th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, figs. 205, 206 

(p. 599). 

Enallopofa dnctosa, Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 301 (gen. ref.). 

Stones River (Ridley): Bottom of gorge. High Bridge, Kentucky: Murfreesboro, 

Tamessee. 
Coqfpet.— Cat. No. 43270, U.S.N .M. 

MltoelemaT mondiiluiii Ulrich. 

Mitoclema? mtrndulum Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 12, 1890, p. 177. 
figs. 4a-c; Creol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 123, pi. 2, figs. 4-6. — Grabau and 
Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 121, figs. 178g, h.—Bassler, Bull. U. S. 
Nat Mus. 77, 1911, pp. 70, 71, fig. 16. 

Trenton (Proflser): Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 

Middle Ordovidan (Kuckers): Near Jewe, Esthonia, Russia. 

Cotypa and pUnotype8.—€BX. Nos. 43297, 57187, U.S.N.M. 

Mttodema sariel Bassler. 

Mitod^na sarlei BaaslOT, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 18, pi. 5, figs. 10-12. 
(^ton (Rocheeter): Rochester, New York. 
CoQfpw.— Cat. No. 35460, UiS.Nif . 

MTTIOCKBAS Hyatt. Ctootype: Trochoceras gebhaidi Hall. 

Mitrocoras Hyatt, Proc. American Phil. Soc, 32, 1894, p. 503.— Miller, N. A. Geol. 

Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 775.— -Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, 

p. 74. 
TVocfadeeras Hall (not Bammde, 1847) Nat. Hist. New York Pal., 2, 1852, p. 335; 

15th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1862, p. 64.— Miller, N. A. Geol. 

Pal., 1889, p. 466.— Grabau Bull. New York State Mus. 9, 1901, p. 217; BuU. 

Buffalo Soc. Nat Sd., 7, 1901, p. 217. 



810 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

HItroceraa gebhKrdi (Hall). 

Trochoceraa gebhardii Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 335, pi. 77, fig. 2; pi. 77*, 

figB. la-d.— Grabau, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., 11, 1900, p. 371, pi. 21, fige. 3a-b; 

Bvdl. New York State Uub., 46, 1901, p. 217, fig. 149; ibid., 92, 1906, p. 110, 

figs. 16, 17; Midugan Geol. Burv., Geol. Ser., 1, 1S09, p. 199, pi. 31, figs. 3fr-b. 
MitroceraagebhaidiGrabauandShimer, N. A. Index FoseilB, 2, 1910, p. 75, fip. 

1289, 1290. 
Cayugan; Schoharie (Cobleekill), BuSalo and WiUiameville, New Yoric (Abon). 

HITROCBINUS Miller and Gurley. Genotype: M. wetherbyi Miller and Guriey, 
Uitrocrinus Miller and Gurley, Bull. Illinoia SUte Mue. Nat. Hist., 5, 1894, p. 
22.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 748.— Bather, Treatae on 
Zool, pt. 3, Echinodoma, London, 1900, p. 203. 

Mltrocrlnus wetherbyi Miller and Gurley. 

Mi trocrinuB wetherbyi Miller and Gurley, Bull. lUinoie State Mue. Nat. Hist., S, 

1894, p. 22, pi. 2, figs. 4-6.— MiUer, N. A. GeoL Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 748, 

fig. 1364. 
Chazyan (Ottoeee); Enox County, Tenneaeee. 

HoDioLA OBTtTBA Hall. See Modiolopaie obtusa. 

HODIOIODON TJhich. Genotype: ModiolopeisovifonnisUlridi. 

Cyrtodonta (part) SaSord, Geol. Tenneaeee, 1669, p. 287. 

Modiolopsia (part) Ulrich, Amer. Geol., 5, 1900, p. 278. 

Modiolodon Ulrich, Geol. MinncBOta, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 521; Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 
1893, p. 652.— CumingB, 32d Aim. Hep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, 
p. 981,~-Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Foeeilg, 1, 1909, p. 516. 

Hodlolodoti aretlcuB Schuchert. 

Modiolodon arcticufl Schuchert, Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mue., 22, 1900, p. 161, pi. 13, 

figs. 18, 19. 
Trenton: Head of Frobisher Bay, Baffin Laud. 

flbloiyp*.— Cat. No. 28166, U.S.N.M. 

Modiolodon decUrls Ulrich. 

Modiolodon declivis Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 664, pi. 63, figs. Sand 4.— 

Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 1005, pL 

46, figa. 2, 2a. 
Richmond fWhilewal«r): Richmond, Indiana. 
Holotypt.—Cat. No. 46227, U.8.N.M. 

Modiolodon ^nti (SafEord). 

CyrtodonU Gantii Safford, Geol. Tenneseee, 1869, p. 287, pi. 1 (E), figs. la-h. 
Modiolodon Gantii Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 621, fig. 40d. 
Cypricarditee ganti Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal.,1889,p.476 ^en. rei.). 
I^vnton (HermitBge): Wilson County, TenneeDee. 
Lt. No. 46228, U.S.N.M. 

gibbos Ulrich. 

T) gibbus Uhidi, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 622, pi. 36, BgL 

sphh» MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 782 (gen. ref.). 
': Near Cannon Falls, Minneeata (Decorah); Lincoln County, IC^ 
ubum). 

lat. No. 46229, U.S.N.M. 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC LIST OF OBNEBA AND SPECIES. 811 

■ 

Modlolodoii obtusus Ulrich. 

Modiolopdfl modiolarb Hall and Whitfield (not Hall), Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, pi. 2, 

fig. 17. 
Modiolodon obtumis Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 654, pi. 52, figs. 20 and 

21.— OumingB, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 1005, 

pi. 46, figs. 4, 4a. 
Maysville (Bellevue): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
Co^pM.— Cat. No. 46230, U.S.N.M. 

Modiolodon OTlformls (Ulrich). 

Modiolopifi oviformifi Ulrich, Amer. Oeol., 5, 1890, p. 276, fig. 4a-c. 

Modiolodon oviformiB Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 652, pi. 53, figs. 7 and 8. — 
Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 521, fig. 40g.— Grabau and 
Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 516, figs. 693, 694a. 

Trenton (Hermitage): Boyle, Mercer, Anderson, and Franklin Counties, Ken- 
tucky; Wilson County, Tennessee. 

Hohtype and plesiotype. ^Cat. Nos. 46231, 46232, U.S.N.M. 

Modiolodon OTiformis smplus Ulrich. 

Modiolodon ovlfonnis var. amplus Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 653, pi. 53, 

figs. 1 and 2. 
Trenton (Hermitage): Frankfort, Kentucky. 
Cotypes.—C&t, No. 46233, U.S.N.M. 

Modiolodon patnlus Ulrich. 

Modiolodon patulus Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 521, pi. 37, figs. 
20-24.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 516, fig. 694b, c. 

Modiolopsis patulus Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 782 (gen. ref.). 

Trenton: Kenyon, Croodhue Coimty, Minnesota; Decorah, Iowa (Prooser); Dan- 
ville, Kentucky. 

Cotypes.—O&t, Nos. 46234, 46727, U.8.N.M. 

Modiolodon poststriatus Foerste. 

Modiolodon poststriatus Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 294, 

pi. 1, fig. 7. 
Gincinnatian (Pulaski): Near Vars, Quebec. 

Modiolodon suborSlls Uhich. 

Modiolodon subovalls Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 655, pi. 51, figs. 11-13. — 

Cimiings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Bes. Indiana, 1908, p. 1006, pi. 46, 

figs. 3-3b. 
Kichmond (Amheim-Waynesville): VefBailles, Indiana. 
Cotypes.—Q&t. No. 46236, U.S.N.M. 

Modiolodon sabrectus Ulrich. 

Modiolodon subrectus Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 653, pi. 53, figs. 5, 

6.— Cimiings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 1007, pi. 

46, figs. 5-5a. 
Modiolopsis subrectus Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 782 (gen. rel.). 
Kichmond (Whitewater): Richmond, Indiana. 
JIo(otyp«.— Oat. No. 46237, U.S.N.M. 

Modiolodon subrhomboideus Branson. 

Modiolodon subrhomboideus Branson, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 18, 1909, p. 

41, pi. 7, fig. 1. 
Black River (Aubum-Decorah): Lincoln County, Missouri. 

* 84243**— BulL 92— vol 2— 15 1 



812 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Modlolodon truncstus (Hall). 

Modiolopeis truncatus Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 296, pi. 81, figs. 3a, b.— 
Miller, Cinciimati Quart. Jour. Sd., 1, 1874, p. 217.— Hall and Whitfield, 
Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal. 2, 1876, p. 86, pi. 2, fig. 13.— Lesley, Geol. Stirv. Penn- 
sylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 412, ^. 

Eurymya? tnincata (changed to Modiolodon truncata on p. 628) Ulrich, Geol. 
Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 512 (gen. re!.). 

Modiolodon truncatus Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 656, pi. 51, figs. 9-10.— 
Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dept. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 1008, pi. 
46, figs 6, 6a. 

Lyonsla subtruncata D'Orbigny, Prodr. Pal., 1, p. 11 (proposed for Modlolopsis 
truncatus Hall, 1847; not M. truncata Agaasiz, 1842).— Emmons, Amer. 
Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 171, pi. 17, fig. 4. 

Cincinnatian: Near Rome, New York (Pulaski); Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity 
(Fairmoun t-Corryville) . 

Plesiotypea.—Oit, Nos. 46238, 46239, U.S.N.M. 

Modlolodon winchelU (Safford). 

Oyrtodonta winchelU Safford, Geol. Tennessee, 1869, p. 287, pi. L (E), figs. 2ar-i 
Modiolodon winchelli Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 521, fig. 40e-f . 
Cypricardites winchelli Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal. 1889, p. 477 (gen. ref.). 
Trenton (Hermitage): Wilson County, Tennessee. 
Plesiotypes.—C&t. No. 46240, U.S.N.M. 

MoDioLOPSis (part) of authors. See Eurymya, AUodesma, Modiolodon, and White- 
avesia Ulrich. 

MODIOLOPSIS Hall. Genotype: Cypricardites modiolaris Conrad. 

Modiolopsis Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 157.— McCoy, British Pal. Rocka 
Foss., 1854, p. 265.— Woodward, Man. MoUusca, pt. 2, 1854, p. 266.— Pictet, 
Traits de Pal., 2d ed., 3, 1855, p. 533.— Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 14, 
269 and 270, footnote; 12th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1859, p. 
9.— Hitchcock, Geol. Vermont, 1, 1862, p. 296.— Salter, Cat. Camb. Sil. Fobs., 
1873, p. 65.— Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 216.— Zittel, 
Handb. Pal., 2, 1881, p. 44,— Baiiande, Syst. Sil. du Centre Boheme, 6, 1881, 
p. 107.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal,, 1889, p. 489.— Barrois, Ann. Soc. Geol. du . 
Nord., 19, lille, 1891, p. 206.— Whidbome, M6n. Dev. Fauna South England, 
1, Pal. Soc., 1892, p. 40.— Uhich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 502.— 
Koken, Die Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 191.— Dall, Zittel-Eastman Textb. 
Pal., 1, 1900, p. 385; ibid., 2d ed., 1913, p. 462.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. 
Nat. Sd., 7, 1901, p. 209; Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 209.— 
Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 981.— Grabau 
and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 511. 

Modlolopsis adrastla Billings. 

Modiolopsis Adrastia Billings, Pal. Fobs., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 45. 

(Adv. sheets, 1862.) 
Black River: St. Joseph's Island, Lake Huron. 

Modlolopsis sfflnis Sardeson. 

Modiolopsis afl&nis Sardeson, Bull. Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sci., 4, 1896, p. 73, pi. 2, 

fig. 9. 
St. Peter: South St. Paul, Minnesota. 

Modiolopsis alata Ulrich. See Eurymya alata. 



BIBUOGBAPHIC LIST OF QENEB^ AKD SPECIES. 81ft 

Modiolopsifl angustata Ulrich. 

Modiolopsis aogUBtata Ulrich, Amer. GeoL» 5, 1890, p. 283, fig. lOi^-c. 
Eden (Southgate): Covington, Kentucky. 
Hohtypc-^Cst, No. 46241, U.S.N.M. 

Modlolop6i8 angustifh>ns Whiteaves. 

ModiolopfliB angiiBtifrons Whiteavee, Pal. Foes., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, 

p. 183, pi. 20, fig. 4. 
Black River or Richmond: Lower Fort Garry, Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba. 

Modiolopsis anodontoidbs Hall. See Modiolopsis sinuata. 

Modiolopsis arcasts Hall. 

Modiolopsis arcuatus Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 169, pi. 35, fig. 8. 
Avicula subarcnata Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 176, pi. 13, fig. 31. 
Modiolopsis subarcuata D'Orbigny, Prodr. Pal., 1, 1850, p. 13. 
Trenton: Herkimer, New York. 

Modiolopsis srguta Ulrich. 

Modiolopsis aiguta Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 506, pi. 36, figs. 3-6. 
Black River (Decorah): Minneapolis, St. Paul, Fountain, etc., Minnesota. 
Q}type8.—Ca,t. Noe. 46242, 46243, U.S.N.M. 

Modiolopsis aviculoides Hall. See Prolobella aviculoides. 

IfoDioLOPsis CANCBLLATA Walcott. See Whiteavesia cancellata. 

Modiolopsis capax Ifiller. 

Modiolopsis capax Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, pp. 489, 490, fig. 851. 
Richmond: Versailles, Indiana. 

Observation. — Belongs to M. pholadiformis group. Not recognizable from 
description or figure. 

Modiolopsis cabin ata Hall. See Goniophora carinata. 

Modiolopsis carrollensis Worthen. See Orthodesma Hubnasutum. 

Modiolopsis ehatfleldensls Ulrich. 

Modiolopsis chatfieldensis Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 508, pi. 36, 

figs. ^10. 
Black River (Decorah): Chatfield, Minnesota. 
Eolotype.—Cat. No. 46244, U.S.N.M. 

Modiolopsis cincinnatiensis Hall and Whitfield. See Whiteavesia cincinnatiensis. 

Modiolopsis conears Ulrich. 

Modiolopsis concava Ulrich, 19th Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minnesota, 

1892, p. 227, Gg, 13; Geol. Minnesota, pt. 2, 1894, p. 509, pi. 36, figs. 15, 

16, 16a. 
Black River (Decorah): Near Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 
Holotype.—C&t, No. 46246, U.S.N.M. 

Modiolopsis concentrlca Hall and Whitfield. 

Modiolopsis concentrica Hall and Whitfield, Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 86, pi. 2, 
^, 18.— Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 510, pi. 37, figs. 15 and 16.~ 
Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 1009, pi. 47, 
fig. 3.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 512, fig. 686a.— 
Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 283. 

Richmond (Waynesville): WaynesviUe, etc., Ohio; Indiana; Kentucky. 

Pleiiotype$.—Cekt. No. 46245, U.S.N.M. 



814 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Modlolopsis conctima Savage. 

Modiolopfida concinna Savage, Bull. Geol. Sorv. Illinois, 23, 1913, p. 54, pi. 2, 

fig. 2. 
Upper Medinan (Girardeau): Near Thebee, Illinoifi. 

Modlolopsi8(f) conslmllts Ulrich. 

ModiolopsbC?) coTiHimilifl Ulrich, €^1. Minneeota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 505, pi. 42, 

figs. 17, 18. 
Stones River (Murfreesboro): Murfreesboro, Tennessee. 
Holotype,-^&t, No. 46247, U.S.N.M. 

Modiolopsls eonUguA Sardeson. 

Modiolopsis contigua Sardeson, Bull. Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sci., 4, 1896, p. 72, 

pi. 2, fig. 8. 
St. Peter: South St. Paul, Minnesota. 

Modiolopsis cobbugata Miller and Faber. See Whiteavesia conrugata. 

Modiolopsis cun^onnis James. Not recognized. 

Modiolopsis cuneifonnis James, Paleontologist, No. 3, 1879, p. 23. 
Maysville or Richmond: Near Lebanon, Ohio. 

Modiolopsis curta Hall. Not recognized. 

Modiolopsis curta Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 297, pi. 81, fig. 4; pi. S2, figs. 

•2a-d.— Nicholson, Rep. Pal. Prov. Ontario, pt. 2, 1875, p. 35, fig. 11a. 
Lyonsia curta Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 171. 
Cincinnatian (Pulaski): Loraine, Rodman, Rome, etc.. New York. 
Observation. — ^Hall's figures, plate 81, fig. 4, and plate 82, fig. 2t, are apparently 
of Ischyrodonta unionoides; plate 82, fig. 2a, is of Pterineademissaand plate 
82, fig. 2c, is of a small Cyrtodonta from Mineral Point, Wisconsin. 

Modiolopsis depress* Weller. 

Modiolopsis depressa Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 171, pi. U, 

fig. 8. 
Trenton: Jacksonburg, New Jecsey. 

Modiolopsis dlctSBUS Hall. 

Modiolopsis dicUeus Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Hist., 1868, p. 338, pi. 

14 (5), fig. 7; rev. ed., 1870, p. 385, pi. 14, fig. 7. 
Niagaran (Racine): Racine, Wisconsin; Bridgeport, Illinois. 

Modiolopsis dubia Hall. See Croniophora dubia. 

Modiolopsis dychii Miller. 

Modiolopsis dychii Miller, 18th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Res., 1894, p. 

331, pi. 8, figs. 4, 5 (adv. sheets, 1892). 
Richmond: Lebanon, Ohio. 
Observation. — Not recognizable. Probably based on a crushed specimen. 

Modiolopsis excellens Ulrich. 

Modiolopsis excellens Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 511, pi. 36, figs. 

13 and 14. 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Spring Valley and Granger, Minnesota. 

Modlolopsis exills Billings. 

Modiolopsis exills Billings, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 2, pt. 1, 1874, p. 132, 

pi. 8, fig. 5, 5a.-— Ami, Proc. Trans. Nova Scotia Inst. Sci., 8, 1895, p. 414 

(loc. occ.). 
Silurian: Arisaig, Nova Scotia. 



BIBLIOORAPHIO LIST OF OEKEBA AND SPECIES. 815 

IfadioiopBts eipansa BranBon. 

Modiolopsis ezpaiifia Bianaon, Trans. Acad. Sd. St. Louis, IS, No. 4, 1909, p. 42, 

pL 7, figs. 5, 6. 
Kack Biver (Aubtun — ^Decorah): Lmcoln County, Miasouri. 

lIoDiOLOPSis TABA Hall. See Colpomya ^a and C. faba pusilla. 

llodlok^Mls fabflDformls Raymond. 

IfodblopBis kbefonnifl Raymond, Amer. Jour. Sd. (4), 20, 1905, p. 374.— Whit- 

etves, OtUwa Nat., 22, 1906, p. 110, pi. 3, figs. 7-9. 
CSiazyan: Yalcour Island, New York (Valcour); Hogback, near Ottawa, Ontario 

(Ayhner). 

Modlolopflis f aberi MiUer. 

llodi^^psis iaberi Miller, N. A. Geol. Fd., 1889, p. 490, fig. 852, 853. 
Maysville (Faiiinount): Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Mcdiolopflls fonntmlnensis Sardeson. 

Modiobpsis fountainensis Sardeson, Bull Ik&mesota Acad. Nat. Sci., 4, 1896, p. 

71, pi. 4, fig. 7. 
St Peter: Below Fountain, IvQnnesota. 

Uaomuma Gbsnbri BiUings. See Endodesma gesneri. 

MomoLOPBis oiBBA Miller. See Modiolodon? gibbus. 

Modlolopflls i^re^mUs Sardeson. 

Modiolopsis gregaHs Sardeson, Bull. Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sci., 4, 1896, p. 72, pi. 

2, figs. 10-12. 
8t Peter: South St. Paul and Daytons Bluff, Minnesota. 

Medlolopais Jerseyensls Weller. 

Modiolopsis jaseyensis Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 170, pi. 

11, ^. 9. 
Black River (Jacksonbuig): Jacksonbuig, New Jersey. 

Modiolopsis UU HaU. 

Modiobpsis latus Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 160, pi. 35, figs. 10a, b. 

Cyioicarditee latus Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 477 (gen. ref.). 

Pfttearca lata Hall, 12th Rep. New York State Cab. Na,t. Hist., 1859, p. 71 (gen. 

ref.). 
Trenton: Watertown, New York. 

Modiolopsis leightoni Williams. 

Modiobpsis lei^toni Williams, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 45, 1913, p. 346, pi. 31, 

figs. 7-10. 
SOunan (Pembroke): Lei^ton Cove, Washington County, Maine. 
Cb^pa.— Cat. No. 58974, U.S.N.M. 

ModMopsIs leightoni quadrats Williama. 

IfodiolopsiB lei^toni var. quadrata Williams, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 45, 1913, p. 

347, pi. 31, figs. 12, 13. 
Sikrian (Pembroke): Leighton Cove, Washington County, Maine. 
G»^p«.— Cat. No. 58975, U.S.N J4. 

Vadlolopsis Utoralis Sardeson. 

Mbdidopsifl litoralis Sardeson, Bull. Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sci., 4, 1896, p. 72, 

pi. 2, figs. 13-16. 
St. Peter: South St. Paul and Highland Park, Minnesota. 



816 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Modiolopsls longa Miller and Faber. 

Modiolopfiis longa Miller and Faber, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 15, 1892, 

p. 80, pi. 1, figs. 2, 3. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Modiolopsls maia Billings. 

Modiolopais Maia Billings, Pal. Foes., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 44, figs. 46a, 
b (adv. sheets, 1862); Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 143, 
figs. 80a, b. — Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 408, figs. 
Trenton: East of Blue Point, Lake St. John, Canada. 

Modiolopsls meyeri Billings. 

Modiolopsis Meyeri Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 42, Sg. 
41 (adv. sheets, 1862); Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 173, ^, 
158.-— Lesley, Geol. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 408,* fig. 

Trenton: Ottawa, Ontario. 

Modiolopsis? (Colpomya?) milieri XHrich. 

Modiolopsis milieri Ulridi, Amer. Geol. 5, 1890, p. 274, ^. 3a-d. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Cotype«.— Cat. No. 46248, U.S.N .M. 

Modiolopsis modiolaris (Conrad). 

Pterinea modiolaris Conrad, 2d Ann. Rep. Geol. Surv. New York, 1838, p. 118. 

Cyprlcardites modiolaris Emmons, Nat. Hist. New York Geol., 2, 1842, p. 403, 
fig. 4. 

Cypricardia modiolaris Owen, Amer. Jour. Sci. Aits, 47, 1844, p. 379, fig. 4. 

Modiolopsis modiolaris Mall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 294, pi. 81, figs, la-g; 
pi. 82, ^. 1; Geol. Lake Sup. Land Bist., Foster and Whitney's Rep., 1851, 
p. 214, pi. 31, figs. 2ar^.— McCoy, British Pal. Rocks and Foss., 1854, p. 267, 
pi. 1, figs. 17, 18.— Billings, Canadian Nat. and Geol., 1, 1856, p. 44, £g. 8.— 
Rogers, Geol. Pennsylvania, 2, pt. 2, 1858, p. 820, ^, 618.— Emmons, Man. 
Geol., 1860, p. 102, ^. 4.— Lincklaen, 14th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. 
Hist., 1861, pi. 4, figs. 10, 11.— Billings, Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 
1863, p. 213, fig. 217.— Chapman, Canadian Jour., n. s., 7, 1862, p. 117, £g, 
111; ibid., 8, 1863, p. 206, fig. 206; Expos. Min. Geol. Canada, 1864, p. 120, 
^, 111; p. 178, fig. 206.— Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 149, 
^. 17.— Roemer, Leth. geog., 1, Leth. Pal., Atlas, 1876, pi. 4, ^, 19.— Zittel, 
Handb. Pal., 2, 1881, p. 44, ^. 57. — Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep., 
P 4, 1889, p. 409, figs.— Bigot, Bull. Soc. Geol. France, 3d ser., 17, 1889, p, 
792.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 490, ^. 854.— Uhich, Geol. Minnesota. 
3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 481, figs. 37a, b.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossilfl, 
1, 1909, p. 512, figs. 687, 688.— Bassler, Bull. Virginia, GeoL Surv., 2a, 1909, 
pi. 14, ^. 8.— Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 281, pi. 3, 
fig. 1; pi. 5, figs. 1, 2. 

Cyprlcardites angustifrons Conrad, 5th Ann. Rep. New York Geol. Surv., 1841, 
p. 52.— Emmons, Nat. Hist. NeW York, 2, 1842, p. 405, ^, 1. 

Cyprlcardites ovata Conrad, 5th Ann. Rep. New York Geol. Surv., 1841, p. 
52.— Emmons, Nat. Hist. Geol. New York, 2, 1842, p. 405, fig. 2. 

Lyonsia submodiolaris D'Orbigny, Prod. Pal., 1, 1850, p. 11 (proposed for Modio- 
lopsis modiolaris Hall, 1847; not M. modiolaris McCoy, 1844). — Emmonfl, 
Amer. Geol., 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 171, pi. 17, fig. 8, 8a. 

Cindnnatian: Pulaski, Oswego Coimty, etc.. New York (Pulaski); Pennsylvania; 
Virginia; Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

Pfc8ioeyp«.— Cat. No. 46249, U.S.N.M. (Ukich) 



BIBLIOGBAPHIC UST OF OEKEBA AND SPECIES. 817 

MoDioLOPsis MODIOLARI8 Hall and Whitfield. See Modiolodon obtuflus. 

MoDioLOPsis MODiOLAJOS Meek and Worthen. See Whiteaveaia modiolifonnici. 

Modlolopals mytnotdes Hall. 

Modiolopeifl mytiloidee Hall, Pal., New York, 1, 1847, p. 157, pi. 35, figs. 4ar-b. — 

Ulridi, Geol. Afinneeota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 508, pi. 36, ig. 8.— Grabau and 

Shimer, N. A. Index Fosails, 1, 1909, p. 511, fig. 686b. 
Trenton: Middleville, New York; Goodhue and Fillmo^ Counties, Minnesota 

(Proaser); Oshkoeh, Wisconsin; etc. 
Plegiotype.-CBt, No. 46250, U.S.N Jf. 

ModMopols nals Billings. 

Modiolopflis Nais Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 45, fig. 47a, b 

(adv. sheets, 1862); Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, p. 143, ^. 81a, b. 
Black River (L^ay): Pauquettes Bapids, Ottawa River, Canada. 

Modlolopsls nana Ulrich. 

ModiolopaiB nana Uhich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 507, pi. 36, ^. 7. 
Trenton (Prosser): Near Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 
JWo<ype.— Cat. No. 46251, U.S.N.M. 

MomoLOPsis NASUTUS Hall. See Orthodesma nasutum. 

MoDioLOPsiB NILB8I Whitfield. See Edmondia nilesi. 

HomoLOPsra? nuculiformis Hall. See Ctenodonta nuculiformis. 

Modiotopaia oblonga James. Not recognized. 

Modiolopeis subspatulata James (not Hall, 1847), Paleontologist, No. 3, 1879, 

p. 23. 
Modiolopois oblonga James, ibid., No. 6, 1882, p. 53. 
Bichmond: Clinton County, Ohio. 

HomoLOFsis OBLONQA Ulrlch. See Whiteaveaia oblonga. 

Modlolopsls obsoleta Ubich. 

Modiolopais obsoleta Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 509, pi. 36, figs. 

11 and 12. 
Black River (Decorah): Near Cannon Falls, Minnesota, 
flbto^pe.— Cat. No. 46253, U.S.N Jf. 

Modlolopels t>btusa (Hall). 

Modiola obtusa HaU, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 40, pi. 10, fig. 1. 
Modiolopsisobtusa Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 490 (gen. ref.). 
Black River (Lowville): Watertown, New York. 

llodloloptis ocddens Walcott. 

Modiobpais occidens Wakott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 8, 1894, p. 77, pi. 1, fig. 5; 

pi. 11, figs. 14, 14a. 
Upper Pogonq>: Fish Creek Mountains, and Lone Mountain, Nevada. 
Oo^.— <3at. Nos. 17287, 17288, U.S.N Jl. 

Modlolopfilfl orthonots (Conrad). 

Unio orthonotus Conrad, 3d Ann. Rep. New York State Geol. Surv., 1839, p. 66. 
Cypzicardia orthonota Hall, Geol. Rep. 4th Dist., New York, 1843, p. 48, figs. 

8, 9; tab. ill. 2, figs. 8, 9.~0wen, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 48, 1845, p. 300, figs. 

8, 9.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 176, figs. 



818 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Modlolopslfl orthonota— Oontinaed. 

Modiolopsifl orthonota Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1862, p. 10, pi. 4a, figs. 1, a, b,c.— 
Lincklaen, 14th Bep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1861, pi. 6, figs, 8, 9.— 
Nicholflon, Rep. Pal. Prov. Ontario, pt. 2, 1875, p. 48 (loc. occ.). — Grabau, 
Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 209, fig. 137; Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat 
Sci., 7, 1901, p. 290, fig. 137.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 
1909, p. 512, fig. 689. 

Upper Medinan: Lockport, Medina, etc., New York; Ontario. 

Plastotypc-^Sit, iJo. 46197, U.S.N.M. 

MoDiOLOPSis OBTHONOTA Mook and Wortben. See Endodeema ortbonotum. 

Modlolopsis oTEts Hall. 

Modiolopeda ovatus Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 101, pi. 30, figs. 2a, b. 
Upper Clinton: Mohawk, New York. 

MoDiOLOPSis oviFOBMis Ulricb. See Modiolodon oviformis. 

Modlolopidls owenl Ulricb. 

Modlolopsis owenl Ulricb, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 506, pi. 42, figs. 

15 and 16. 
Trenton (Prosser): Five miles soutb of Cannon Falls, Minnesota, 
flbtofypc.— Cat. No. 46254, U.S.N.M. 

Modlolopsis parallela (Conrad) Hall. Not recognized. 

Modlolopsis parallela Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 158, pi. 35, fig. 5. 
Trenton: Locality unknown. 

Modlolopsis parva Ulricb. 

Modlolopsis jMirva Ulricb, Amer. Geol., 5, 1890, p. 281, fig. 9a-f. 
Eden (Soutbgate): Covington, Kentucky. 
Cotype*.— Cat. Nos. 46255, 46256, U.S.N.M. 

Modlolopsis parvlasculs Billings. 

Modlolopsis parviuscula Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 1858, 4, p. 446; Band's 

Narrative Canadian Bed River Expl. Exped. of 1857 and Afisinniboine and 

Saskatcbewan Exped. of 1858, 1859, 2, p. 286.— Wbiteaves, Pal. Fobs., Geol. 

Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 182; Ottawa Nat., 22, 1908, p. 106, pi. 3, 

figs. 1, 2. 
Black River: Lake Winnipeg, Canada. 
Cbazyan: Montreal, near Cornwall (Aylmer), and Mingan Islands, Canada 

(Mingan). 

MoDioLOPSis PATULUS Miller. See Modiolodon patulus. 

Modlolopsis perlats Hall. 

Modlolopsis perlatus Hall, 28tb Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., mus. ed., 

1879, p. 172, pi. 27, figs. 3, 4; doc. ed., 1875, pi. 27, figs. 8, 4; lltb Ann. Rep. 

Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 315, pi. 28, figs. 3, 4.— Lesley, Geol 

Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 410, figs. 
Niagaran (Waldron): Waldron, Indiana. 

MoDioLOPSis PHOLADiFORMis Hall. See Wbiteavesia pboladiformis. 

MoDioLOPSis PLANA Hall. See Eurymya plana. 

Modlolopsis pogonlpensls Walcott. 

Modlolopsis Pogonlpensls Walcott, Mono. U. S. Creol. Surv., 8, 1884, p. 78, pi. 1, 

figs. 6; pi. 11, figs. 13. 
Upper Pogonip: Fish Creek Mountains and Lone Mountain, Nevada. 
CoQ^p«».-€at. Nos. 17292, 17293, U.S.N.M. 



BIBUOGRAPHIC LIST OF GENEBA AND SPECIES. 819 

ModlolopfliB postiea Saideeon. 

ModioIqMifl i>08dca Sardeson, Bull. Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sci., 4, 1896, p. 71, 

pL 4, fig. 8. 
St Peter: Four miles below Dodgeville, WisconBin. 

Modiolopais postpllcat* Foeiste. 

ModklopaLB poBtplicata Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 284, 

pi. 1, fig. 4. 
Cmcinnatian (Pulaski): Riviere dee Hurons, near St. Jean Baptiste, and at Cham- 

bly, Quebec. 

Modiolopsis prlmlgenla (Conrad). 

Unio primigenius Conrad, Ann. Rep. New York State Geol. Surv., 1838, p. 113; 

ibid., 1839, p. 66. 
Modidopds? primigenius Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 11, pi. 4 bis, figs. 2a-c 

(not d-e).— Lincklaen, 14th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1861, 

pi. 5, fig. 3.— Orabau, Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 209, fig. 138; 

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sd., 7, 1901, p. 209, fig. 138.— Grabau and Shimer, 

N. A. Index FobbiIb, 1, 1909, p. 512, ^. 690. 
Fibearca? primigenius Hall, 12th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1859, 

p. 83. 
Cyi»icaidia alata Hall, Geol. Rep. 4th Dist. New York, 1843, p. 48, fig. 3; tab. 

ill. 2, fig. 3. — Owen, Amer. Jour. Sd. Arts, 48, 1845, p. 300, figs. 3. 
ATicula alata Nidiolson, Rep. Pal. Prov. Ontario, pt. 2, 1875, p. 48 (loc. occ). 
Modiomorpha alta Lesley, Oeol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 412, figs. 
Upper Medinan: Medina, Lockport, etc.. New York; Ontario. 

ICoDioLOPSiB PULCHELLA UMdi. See Whiteavesia pulchella. 

ModOLOPsn RXCTiFOBMis Worthou. See Endodesma orthonotum. 

MoDioLOPsiB KECTUS Hall. See Matheria recta. 

Modlolop^s rhomboidea Hall. 

Modiolopsis xhombddea HaU, Canadian Nat. Creol., 5,. 1860, p. 148. — Dawson, 
Acadian Geol., Suppl. Chap., p. 68, ^, 52; ibid., 2d ed., p. 599, fig. 203.— 
Ledey, (Seol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, p. 410, figs. — Foerste, Geol. 
Surv. Ohio, Pal., 7, pi. 560, p. 37, figs. 8a. 

Simian: Arisaig, Nova Scotia; ?Dayton, Ohio (Brassfield). 

Modlolopeis rogenensis Foerste. 

If odiolopsb rogersensis Foerste, Jour. Cindnnati Soe. Nat. Hist., 21, 1914, p. 134, 

pi. 3, figs. 3ar-d. 
Trenton (TJppOT): Near Rogers Gap, Kentucky. 

Modiolopsis ruds Billings. 

Modiolopsis ruda Billings, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 2, pt. 1, 1874, p. 133, 

pi. 8, fig. 6. 
Silurian: Aiisaig, Nova Scotia. 

MoDioLDPSis SEKBCTA Sardosou. See Psiloconcha senecta. 

Modlolop^ slmlUs Ulrich. 

Modiolopsis similis Ulnch, 19th Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minnesota, 
1892, p. 225, ^, 11; Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 504, pi. 36, figs. 1, 2; 
pL 42, 6g, 19.— Sardeeon, Amer. Geol., 30, 1902, p. 44. 
Black River (Decorah): Minneapolis, Minnesota. 
EOo^pc—Cat. No. 46257, U.S.N.M. 



820 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Modlolopsis simulstrix Ulrich. 

Modiolopsis slmulatrix Ulrich, Amer. GeoL, 5, 1890, p. 277, fig. Sa-c*. 
Eden (Southgate): Covington, Kentucky. 
Holotype.—C&t. No. 46268, U.S.N.M. 

Modiolopsis sinusta (Emmons). 

Cypricardites sinuata Emmons, Geol. New York, 2, 1842, p. 399, fig. 3. 
Modiolopab sinuata Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 491 (gen. ref.). — Clarke and 

Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 65, 1903, p. 446. 
Cypricardites anodontoides Emmons, Man. Creol., 1860, p. 101, fig. 91. 
Modiolopsis anodontoides Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 298, pi. 82, figs. 3a-c.— 

Lincklaen, 14tli Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1861, pi. 4, fig.3.— 

(?)Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 217. — Lesley, Geol. Surv. 

Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 407, fig. 
Lyonsia anodontoides Emmons, Amer. Greology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 171, pi. 17, fig. 14. 
Cincinnatian (Pulaski): Rodman and Lorraine, New York. 

Modiolopsis sowteri Raymond. 

Modiolopsis sowteri Raymond, Amer. Jour. Sci., 20, 1905, p. 374. 
Chazyan (Aylmer): Aylmer, Quebec. 

Modiolopsis striata Billings. See Pterinea striata. 

Modiolopsis subsists Hall. 

Modiolopsis subalatus Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 84, pi. 27, figs. 5, 6a, b; p. 

285, pi. 59, fig. 7.— Winchell and Marcy, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, p. 

109.— Hall, 20tli Rep. New York State Cab. Hist., p. 339, 1868, p. 389; rev. 

ed., 1870, p. 386; 28th Rep. New Y<»rk State Mus. Nat. Hist, doc. od., 1875, 

pi. 27, figs. 5, 6; Mus. ed., 1879, p. 173, pi. 27, figs. 5, 6; 11th Ann. Rep. 

Indiana Dep. Creol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 315, pi. 28, figs. 5, 6.— Lesley, Geol. 

Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 410, figs. 
Cypricardia obsoleta Hall, Geol. New York, 4, 1843, p. 76, fig. 3; tab. ill. 8, fig. 3.— 

Owen, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 48, 1845, p. 306, fig. 3. 
Cjrpricardites obsoletus Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 

178, fig. 
Niagaran: Rochester, Sodus, Walcott, etc.. New Y<»rk (Lower Clinton); Waldron, 

Indiana (Waldron). 

Modiolopsis subabcuata D'Orbigny. See Modiolopsis arcuata. 

Modiolopsis subcsrinata Hall. 

Modiolopsis subcarinatus Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 101, pi. 30, figs. 3a, b, c, 

d, 4a. 
Upper Clinton: Near Mohawk, New York. 

Modiolopsis subblliftica Ulrich. See Allodesma subeUipticum. 

Modiolopsis sabpsrsllels Ulrich. 

Modiolopsis subparallela Ulrich, Amer. (}eol., 5, 1890, p. 273, figs. 2a-c. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Covington, Kentucky. 
Holotype.^CAt. No. 46259, U.S.N.M. 

Modiolopsis subnssuts Hall. 

Modiolopsis subnasutus Hall, (Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 148.— Dawson, 

Acadian Geol., 2d. ed., 1868, p. 599. 
Silurian: Aiisaig, Nova Scotia. 

Modiolopsis subnasuta Meek and Worthen. See Orthodesma subnasutom. 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC UST OP GENERA AND SPECIES. 821 

Madlolopsis subquadrilateralls HudBon. 

llodkloim sabquadrilateraliB Hudson, Bull. New York State Mus., 80, 1905, 

p. 286, pi. 4, figs. 8 and 9. 
Cbazyan (Valcour): Valcour Island, New York. 

MoiNOLOFsis 6UBRBCTU8 Miller. See Modiolodon subrectos. 

Mbdlolopsls subrhomboidea Simpson. 

Modiolopsb subrhomboidea Simpson in Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. 
P4, 1889, p. 411, fig.—Simpson, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc., n. s., 16, 1890, p. 450, 
^^. 17.— Foerste, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 7, 1893, p. 560, pi. 37, fig. 7a. 
Clinton: Seven miles northwest Lewistown, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Dayton, Ohio. 

MoDfoiiOPSis 8UB8PATUIATA James. See Modiolopsis oblonga. 

MomoLOPsis SUBSPATUIATU8 Hall. See Prolobella subspatulata. 

ModlolopsiB subtmneata TJlrich. 

Modiolopsis subtmneata Ulrich, Amer. Geol., 5, 1890, p. 279, figs. 7a-c. 
Eden (Economy): Cincinnati, Ohio. 
J3bto^pe.— Oat. No. 46676, U.S.N.M. 

Modiolopsis sulcata Miller and Faber. See Whiteaveeia corrugata. 

Modiolopsis? supbrbus Hall and Whitfield. See Whiteavesia superba. 

Modiolopsis f termlnalls Hall. 

Modiolopsis terminalis Hall, Pal New York, 1, 1847, p. 318, pi. 33* figs. 5a, 6b.— 

Mill^, Cincinnati Quart. Joiir. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 217. 
Lyoosia terminalis Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 172. 
MnysviUe: Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Observation. — ^Possibly the same as Rhytimya mickelboroughi (Whitfield). 

MoDioLOPsisT TRKNTONENSis Hall. See Endodesma trentonensis. 

Modiolopsis trttncatus Hall. See Modiolodon truncata. 

Modiolopsis? undulostbiata Hall. See Cypricardinia undulostriata. 

Modiolopsis unionoidbs Miller. See Ischyrodonta imionoides. 

Modlolopeis vallda Uhich. 

Modiolopsis valida Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 521, fig. 40a. 
Richmond (Waynesville): Waynesville, OMo. 
Cb^pa.-<)at. No. 46260, U.S.N.M. 

Modlolopeis Tersainesensts Miller. 

Modiolopsis VersaiUeeensis Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 150, 
figs. 18, 19; N. A. Geol. Pal. 1889, p. 491, ^. 855, 856.— Ulrich, Geol. Min- 
nesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 621, fig. 40a. — Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. 
Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 1010, pi. 46, figs. 7, 7a. 

Richmond (Waynesville): Versailles, Indiana. 

Plmotypes.-Oat. No. 46261, U.S.N.M. 

MODIOMOBPHA Hall. Genotjrpe: Pterinea concentrica Conrad. 

Modiomorpha Hall, Prelim. Notice Lamel., pt. 2, 1869, p. 72; 23d Rep. New York 

State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1873, pp. 14-16; Pal. New York, 5, pt. 1, Lam. 2, 1885, 

p. 13. — ^Nettelroth, Kentucky Foes. Shells, Geol. Surv. Kentucky, 1889, p. 

/ 215.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 491.— Koken, Die Leitfossilien, 

' Leipzig, 1896, p. 521.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 4, 1899, p. 249.— 

Dan, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 462. 



822 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Modlomorpha acuminata Parks. 

Modiomoipha acuminata Parks in Tyrrell, 22d Rep. Ontario Bur. Minew, 1913, 

p. 36. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Severn River, Ontario. 

MomoMORFHA Ai/TA Lesley. See Modiolqpsis primigenia. 

Monilipora macrostoma Roemer. Not recognized. 

Monilipora macrostoma Roemer Leth. geog., pt. 1, Leth. Pal., 1883, p. 526. 
"Koblenkalke'': Louisville, Kentucky. 

MoNOBOLiNA HBFULQBNs MatthowB. See Obolus(?) r^ulgens. 

MONOCBATEBION Torell. 

Monocraterion Torell, Lunds Univers. Arssfaift, 6, 1869, p. 13. — ^Miller, N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 519.— Matthew, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 8, sec. 4, 1891, 
p. 160; The Irish Naturalist, 1901, p. 135. 

Monocraterion lesleyi Prime. 

Monocraterion lesleyi Prime, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. PP, 1S78, p. 79, 

pi. 5, ^, 1.— Lesley, ibid., Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 417, figs. 
Calciferous?: Northampton, Lehigh, and Bucks Counties, Pennsylvania. 

Monograpsus Emmons. Genotyi>e: M. elegans Enunona. 

Monograpsus Emmons, Amer. Geol., 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 106. 
Monograptus Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 196. 

Observation. — ^Not recognized. The types are lost and the species can not be 
identified. 

Monograpsus elegans Emmons. Not recognized. 

Monograpsus elegans Emmons, Amer. Geol., 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 106, pi. 1, fig. 27. 
Monograptus elegans Elles and Wood, Mon. British Grapt. Pal. Soc., 1903, p. 38. 
DidymograptUB? elegans Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 190B, 

pp. 255, 256. 
"Taconic" (Middle Ordovidan): Augusta Coimty, Viiginia. 

Monograpsus rectus Emmons. Not recognized. 

Monograpsus rectus Emmons, Amer. Geol., 1, pt. 2, 1856, p. 107, fig. 28, pi. 1. 
Didymograptus rectus Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, 

p. 256. 
"Taconic shales": Columbia County, New York. 

MONOGRAPTUS Geinitz. Genotype: Graptolithus priodon Bronn. 

Monograpsus Geinitz, Bull. Soc. Geol. France, 2d ser., 9, 1852, p. 187; Zeits. d. d. 
geol. Gesell., 3, 1852, p. 389; Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 2d ser., 14, 1852, p. 129. 

Monograptus Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Hist., 1868, p. 217.— Lap- 
worth, Geol. Mag., 2d ser., 3, 1876, p. 314.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 
297.— Jaekel, Zeits. d. d. geol. Gesell., 41, 1889, p. 660.— Pemer, Etudes sur 
les Grapt. de Boheme, pt. 1, Prague, 1894, p. 4.— Wiman, Bull. Geol. Inst. 
Univ. Upsala, 2, pt. 2, 1896, p. 267.— Gurich, Verb. d. Ruas.-Kais. Mineral 
Gesell. zu St. Petersburg, 2d ser., 32, 1896, p. 109. — Koken, Die Leitfoesilien, 
Leipzig, 1896, p. 329, fig. 238.— Gurich, Zeits. d. d. geol. Gesell., 48, 1896, p. 
954.— Walther, ibid., 49, 1897, p. 251. — Roemer and Freeh, Leth. geog., 1| 
Theil, Leth. Pal., 1, 3 Lief,, 1897, p. 638.— Ruedemann, Amer. Nat., 32, 1898, 
p. 3; Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 117.— Grabau and Shimer, 
N. A. Index Fossils, 1 , 1906, p. 34. — Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mub., 
11, pt. 2, 1908, p. 449; Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 132. 



BIBLIOGBAPHIO LIST OF GBNEBA AND SPECIES. 823 

M0N06EAPTUS— Ccmtiiiaed. 

Lomatocofas Bioim, Leth. Geog., 1, 1834, pp. 65.— Gurley, Jour. Geol., 4, 1896, 

p. 79. 
MoDoprion Barrande, Grapt. de Boheme, 1850, p. 14. 
LagenograptoB Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist. (rev. ed.), 1870, 

p. 261. 

MoBogrmptus argutus Lapworth. 

MonogiaptiiB azgatus Lapworth, Geol. Mag., 2d aer., 3, 1876, p. 318, pi. 10, figs. 
13a-c.— EUes and Wood, Mon. British Grapt., 8, 1911, p. 408, pi. 40, figs. 3a-e. 
Sflurian: Scotland and Wales (Llandovery-Bixkhill); Blaylock Moimtain, Mont- 
gomery County, Arkansas (Blaylock) [Uliich]. 

MttBogrmptus empUUceus Tullberg. 

McHiogmptus capillaceus Tullberg, Skanes Grapt., 2, 1883, p. 24, pi. 2, figs. 28, 29.-- 

Elles and Wood, Mon. British Grapt., 8, 1911, p. 458, pi. 46, figs. 4arKl. 
fiilnrian: Scotland, Wales, and England (Wenlock); Twelve miles northeast of 
Ketchiun, Idaho [Ulrich]. 

MttBogrmptas clintonensis (Hall). 

Giaptc^tliiis clintonensis Hall, Geol. New York, 4th Dist., 1843, pp. 74, 72, fig. 12, 

Pid. New York, 2, 1851, p. 39, pi. A 17, ^. 1; Can. Oig. Rem., dec. 2, 1859; 

pp. 25, 27, 29; pi. B, figs. 1-4; 20th Ann. Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 

1867, pp. 195, 197; pi. 1, figs. 1-4.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. 

P 4, 1889, p. 264, f^. 
Lagenograptiifl clintonensis Hall, 20th Ann. Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 

rev. ed., 1870, p. 261, pi. 1, figs. 1-4. 
Monograptus cUntonensis Geinitz, Die Graptolithen, 1852, p. 58. — ^Lapworth, 

Geol. Mag., 7, 1880, p. 68.— Geinitz, Mitth. kon. min.-geol. praeh. Mus. 

Dresden, 9 heft, 1890, p. 19.— Elles and Wood, Mon. British Grapt., Pal. Soc., 

1903, p. 33.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1906, p. 34, £g. 55b.— 

Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, p. 450, pi. 29, fig. 

1, figs. 425-431. 
Lomatoceras clintonensb Gurley, Jomr. Greol., 4, 1896, p. 308 (gen. ref.), 
Monograptus priodon Bronn mut. clintonensis Freeh, Leth. geog., 1, Theil, Leth. 

Pal., 1, 2 Lief., 1897, p. 641. 
Lower and Upper Clinton: Sodus (Williamson), Rochester, etc., New York; 

Pennsylvania; Nova Scotia; etc. 

MoBogrmptus communis (Lapworth). 

Hoiiograx>tu8 convolutus var. communis Lapworth, Geol. Mag., 2d ser., 3, 1876, 

p. 358, pi. 13, figs. 4a, b. 
Monograptus communis Elles and Wood, Mon. British Grapt., 8, 1911, p. 480, 

pi. 49, figs. la-e. 
dorian: Scotland, Wales, and Ireland (Llandovery); twelve miles northeast of 

Ketehom, Idaho [Ulrich]. 

Monogrsptas conTolutas (Hisinger). 

Prionotos convolutus Hisinger, Leth. Suec. Supp., 1837, p. 114, pi. 35, fig. 7. 
Graptolithus convolutus Carruthers, Geol. Mag., 5, 1868, p. 127, pi. 5, fig. 1. 
Monograptus convolutus Tullberg, Grapt. desc. by Hisinger, 1881, p. 14, pi. 2, 

figi. 13-16; Siljansonu^ Grapt., 2, 1892, p. 30, pi. 3, figs. 5-11.— Pernor, Grapt. 

de Boheme, 1897, p. 13, pi. 12, figs. 26-29; pi. 13, fig. 41, fig. 10.— Elles and 

Wood, Mon. British Grapt., 8, 1911, p. 467, pi. 47, figs. la^i. 
Silurian: Ireland, Scotland, and Wales (Llandovery); twelve miles northeast of 

Eetchum, Idaho [Ulridi]. 



824 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

MoNOORAPTus coNYOLUTus var. COMMUNIS Lapworth. See MonograptuB communis. 

Monograptus conrolutus coppingeri Etheridge. 

MonograptuB convolutus var. Ooppingeri Etheridge, Quart. Jour. GeoL See. Ix>n- 

don, 34, 1878, p. 677, pL 25, fig. 1. 
Lomatoceras convolutum coppingeri Gurley, Jour. Geol., 4, 1896, p. 100 (gen. 

ref.). 
Niagaran: Thank God Harbor, Arctic America. 

Monograptus delieatulus Ellee and Wood. 

Monograptus delieatulus EUes and Wood, Monog. British Grapt., 8, 1911, p. 478, 

pi. 47, figs. 2a and b. 
Silurian: South Scotland (Llandovery); twelve miles northeast of Ketchum, 

Idaho [Ulrich]. 

Monograptus dentlculatus Tdmquist. 

Monograptus dentlculatus Tdmquist, Mon. Scanian Bastrites beds, 1899, p. 18, 

pi. 3, figs. 19-23.— Elles and Wood, Monog. British Grapt., 8, 1911, p. 474, 

pi. 48, figs. 2a-f. 
Silurian: South Scotland (Llandovery); twelve miles northeast of Ketchum, 

Idaho [Uhich]. 

Monograptus distans (Portlock). 

Graptolithus (Prionotus) sedgwickii var. distans Portlock, Geol. Bep. London- 
derry, 1843, p. 319, pi. 19, figs. 4a and b. 

Monograptus distans Elles and Wood, Mon. British Grapt., 8, 1911, p. 433, pi. 43, 
figs. 6a-d. 

Silurian: Scotland and Ireland (Upper Llandovery); Blaylock Mountain, Mont- 
gomery CJounty, Arkansas (Blaylock) [Ulrich]. 

MoNooBAPTUs BLsoANS Emmous. See Monograptus? elegans. 

Monograptus flemingt (Salter). 

Graptolithus Flemingii Salter, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc., 8, 1852, p. 390, pi. 21, figs. 
6a, b, 6, 7a, b. 

Monograptus Flemingii Lapworth, Geol. Mag., 2d ser., 3, 1876, p. 604, pi. 20, 
fig. 8. — ^Tullbeig, Skanes Grapt., Svensk. Geol. Undersokn., ser. C, No. 65, 
1883, p. 23, pi. 2, fig. 25.— Elles, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc., 46, 1900, p. 402, 
figs. 11 and 14.— Elles and Wood, Mon. British Grapt., 8, 1911, p. 425, pi. 43, 
figs. 5ar-d. 

Silurian: England and Scotland (Upper Wenlock); twelve miles northeast of 
Ketchum, Idaho [Ulrich]. 

Monograptus gracilis Whitfield. See Nemagraptus gracilis. 

Monograptus gregarius Lapworth. 

Graptolites Nilssoni Harkness, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc., 7, 1851, p. 61, pi. 1, figs. 
7a-d.— Nicholson, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc., 24, 1868, p. 537, pi. 20, ^. 19. 

Monograptus gregarius Lapworth, Geol. Mag., dec. 2, 3, 1876, p. 317, pi. 10, figs. 
12a-c; Cat. West Scott. Foss., 1876, pi. 1, fig. 7; Proc. Belfast Nat. Field 
Club, 1877, p. 131, pi. 5, fig. 4. — ^Tomquist, Siljansomr. Graptol. Acta Univ., 
Lund., 28, 1892, p. 8; Monograptidae of Scanian Bastrites Beds, Lunds 
Univ. Arssk., 35, pt. 2, 1899, p. 4, pi. 1, figs. 1-6.— Elles and Wood, Mon. 
British Grapt., 8, 1911, p. 365, pi. 36, figs. 3a-d, 

Silurian: Scotland, Ireland, Wales (Llandovery — Birkhill); Blaylock Mountain, 
Montgomery County, Arkansas (Blaylock) [Ulrich]. 



BIBUOORAPBCIC LIST OP GENERA AND SPECIES, 825 

KHMgr^tos Intermedlus (Oairutlieis). 

Gimptolitlnis intennedius Gairuthen, GeoL Mag., 5, 1868, p. 126, pL 5, fig. 18. 
GnptolithuB acutus Hopkinson, Geol. Mag., 9, 1872, p. 504, pi. 12, fig. 4. 
Monograptus intennedius Lapworth, Geol. Mag., 2d ser., 3, 1876, p. 316, pi. 10, 

figs. lOib-c. — ^EUes and Wood, Mon. Britiah Grapt., 8, 1911, p. 485, pi. 49, 

figs. Sft-c. 
Sihxmn: Scotland, Ireland, and Wales (Llandovery); twelve miles northeast of 

Ketchom, Idaho [Uliich]. 

VoBogimptiis priodon (Bronn). 

Lomatoceras priodon Bronn, Leth. Geog., 1, 1835, p. 56, pi. 1, fig. 13. 
Gnkptolithua priodon Bairande, Grapt. de Boheme, 1850, p. 38, pi. 1, figs. 3-9, 

14.— Suees, Bohm. Grapt., 1851, p. 25, pi. 8, fig. 5. 

Ifanograptofl priodon Geinitz, Die Graptolithen, 1852, p. 43, pi. 3, figs. 20-24, 

26, 28-30. — ^Richter, Aus. dem Thuring. Schiefergeb., 4, ZeitBchr., d. deutsch. 

geoL Gesell., 23, 1871, pi. 5, ^, 1; ibid., 5, 27, 1875, p. 269, pi. 7, fig. 7.— 

Lapworth, Scottish Monograptidae, Geol. Mag., 2d ser., 3, 1876, p. 21; Grapt. 

Co. Dorwn, Proc. Belfast Nat. Field Club, 1877, p. 129, pi. 5, fig. 24.— Lin- 

narason, Gotl. Grapt. K. Svensk. Vet. Akad. Forhandl., 1879, p. 24, pi. 10, 

figs. 1-12. — Tomqoist, Om Nagra fran Dalame, Geol. Foren. 1. Stockholm 

Foiliandl., 6, 1881, p. 737, pi. 17, fig. 3. — ^Ltnnarsson, Grapt. med. M. turri- 

colatus vid Klubbuden Geol. Foren. i. Stockholm, 5, 1881, p. 509, pi. 22, 

figs. 3 and 4.— TuUberg, Skanes Graptoliter, 2, 1881, p. 22, pi. 2, fig. 24.— 

Holm, Gotl. Grapt., Bihang till K. Svensk. Vet.-Akad., Handl., 16, 1890, p. 

14, fig. 28.— Geinitz, Grapt. Dresden Mus., 1890, p. 17, pi. A, fig. 16.— 

Tomquiflt, Siljansomiad. Grapt, 2, 1892, p. 13, pi. 1, figs. 22-27.— EUes 

and Wood, Monog. British Grapt., 8, 1911, p. 418, pi. 42, figs. 2ar-e. 

Gnptolites priodon Nicholson, Grapt. Coniston Flags, Quart. Joum. Geol. Soc., 

24, 1868, p. 540, pi. 20, ^. 6; Monog. British Grapt., 1872, p. 102, fig. .47. 
Silurian: Scotland, Wales, and England (Bala — ^Tarannon to Lower Wenlock); 
twelve miles northeast of Ketchum, Idaho [Ulrich]. 

• 

MoHooKApTUS PRIODON Linnarsson. See Monograptus clintonensis. 

MoKOGKAPTUS PRIODON mut. CLINTONBN8IS. See Mouograptus clintonensis. 

Monograptus priodon Williams. See Monograptus priodon chapmanensis. 

Moaogrmptiis prlodoii chapmanensis Ruedemann. 

Manograptas clintonensis Dodge and Beecher, Amer. Jour. Sci., 3d ser., 43,' 

1892, p. 412f . 
MoDOgraptiis (Giaptolithus clintonensb) priodon Williams, Bull. U. S. Geol. 

Surv., 165, 1900, p. 46. 
MoDograptos priodon mat. chapmanensis Ruedemann, Mem. New York State 
Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, p. 454, pi. 29, fig. 2; figs. 432, 433. 
■ Clinton: Chapman plantation, Aroostook Bay County, Maine; Arisaig, Nova 

I Scotia. 

I MovooRAPTUS SAonTARius Whitfield. See Dldymograptus sagitticaulis. 

1 Vonegrsptos areeolus Richter. 

Monogn^itas niceolus Richter, Zeitschr. d. deutsch. geol. Gesell., 5, 1853, p. 462, 

pi. 12, figs. 29, 30.— Elles and Wood, Mon. British Grapt., 8, 1911, p. 470, 

pi. 48, figs. la-d. 
Rastrites orceohifl Eisel, Die Zonenfolge d. ostthuring. u. vogtland, Grapt., 1899, 

p. 6. 



826 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Monograptas urceolus — Continued. 

Monograptus cfr. urceolus Tomquist, Rastdtee and allied (speciee of MonograptoSi 

Lund. Univ. Araakr., n. a., afd. 2, 3, 5, 1907, p. 18, pi. 3, figs. 5-10. 
Demirastrites urceolus Eisel, Ueber zonenweise Entwick. d. Kastriten u. Demi- 

rastriten i. d. mittelail. Grapt. Thuiingens u. Sachsens, 1911, p. 15, pi. 2, 

figs. 25-32, 
Silurian: Scotland (Llandovery); twelve miles northeast of Ketchum, Idaho 

[Ubich]. 

MONOMOBELLA Billings. Genotype: M. prisca Billin0B. 

Monomorella Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., n. s., 6, 1871, p. 220; Amer. Jour. 8cL, 
3d ser., 3, 1872, p. 358.— Davidson and King, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 
10, 1872, p. 248; Geol. Mag., 9, 1872, p. 442; Quart. Jour. Geol. See. London, 
30, 1874, p. 155.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1880, p. 667.— Davidson, M(m. 
British Foss. Brach., 5, Sil. Suppl., 1883, Pal. Soc., p. 218.— Miller, N. A. 
Geol, Pal., 1889, p. 354.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New Ywk, 8, pt. 1, 1892, 
pp. 40, 46; 11th Ann. Rep. New Y(»k State Geol., 1894, p. 238.— Koken, 
Die Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 230, fig. 190, 191. — Grabau and Shimer, 
N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 190.— Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Textb. 
Pal., 1900, p. 306; ibid., 1913, p. 373. 

MonomoreUa durhamensls Whiteaves. 

Monomorella Durhamensis Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 
1895, p. 57, pi. 9, fig. 1; pi. 15, fig. 1. 

Niagaran (Guelph): Edge Mills, near Durham, Ontario. 

• 

MonomoreUa egani Hall and Clarke. 

Monomorella egani Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 42, 175, pi. 
4C, fig. 16; 48th Rep. New York State Mus., 2, for 1895, 1897, p. 330, pi. 2, 
• fig. 3; 14th Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 330, pi. 2, ^. 8. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Near Grafton, Wisconsin. 

MonomoreUa greenel Hall and Clarke. 

Monomcn-ella groenii Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 42, 174 
pi. 4D, figs. 5-10; 48th Rep. New York State Mus., 2, for 1895, 1897, p. 328, 
pi. 1, figs. 9-14; 14th Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 328, pi. 1, 
figs. 9-14. . 

Niagaran (Guelph): Near Grafton, Wisconsin; Rising Sun, Ohio. 

Plastotype.—Csit. No. 49973, U.S.N.M. 

MonomoreUa klngt Hall and Clarke. 

Monomorella kingi HaU and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 42, 174, 
pi. 4D, figs. 1, 2; 48th Rep. New York State Mus., 2, for 1895, 1897, p. 329, 
pi. 2, figs. 1, 2; 14th Rep. State Geol. New York far 1894, 1897, p. 829, pi. 2, 
figs. 1, 2. 

Niagaran (Racine?): Near Cedarburg, Wisconsin; Hawthorne, Illinois. 

MonomoreUa newberryt Hall and Whitfield. 

Monomorella newberryi Hall and Whitfield, Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 131, pi. 7, fig». 

1, 2.— HaU and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pi. 40, figs. 1, 2. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Genoa, Ohio. 

MonomoreUa noToboracum Clarke and Ruedemann. 

MonomoreUa noveboracum Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State M110., 

6, 1903, p. 39, pi. 2, figs. 1-6; pi. 3, figs. 1-7; pi. 4, fig, 38. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Oak Orchard Creek, near Shelby, New York. 



BIBLIOQBAPHIC LIST OF GBNEBA AND SPECIES. 827 

Xonomorella orbkulsrts Billings. 

Monomoreila orbicalaiis Billings, Canadian Nat. GeoL, n. b,, 6, 1871, p. 221; 

Amer. Jonr. Sci., 3d ser., 3, 1872, p. 359.— Davidson and King, Quart. Jour. 

Geol. Soc. London, 30, 1874, p. 158, pi. 17, fig, 10.— Whiteavee, Pal. Foes., 

Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 56 (loc. occ.). 
Monomorella cf. orbicularis Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pi. 

4C, figs. 3-5. 
Niagaian (Guelph): Hespelar, Ontario; near Grafton, Wisconsin. 

MonomoreUa ortoni Hall and Clarke. 

Monomorella ortoni Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 42, 175, 
pi. 4C, figs. 14, 15; 48th Rep. New York State Mus., 2, for 1895, 1897, p. 330, 
pi. 2, figs. 4, 5; 14th Bep. State Geol. New York tor 1884, 1897, p. 330, pi. 2, 
figs. 4, 5. 

Niigaran (Guelph): Rising Sun, Wood County, Ohio. 

Keoomorella orata Whiteaves. 

Mon<Hnorella ovata Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foes., 3, 1884, p. 5, pi. 

2, 6g. 1; pi. 8, £g, 1.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 42, 
pi. 4D, figs. 13-15.— Whiteaves, Pal. Fo«., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 
1895, p. 56 (loc. occ.). 

Nisgaran (Guelph) : Durham, Ontario. 

MonomoreUa orats lata Whiteaves. 

Hcmomorella ovata var. lata Whiteavee, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Fos., 3, 1884, 
p. 6, pi. 2, fig. 2; pi. 8, fig. 2.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, 
pi. 4, figs. 11, 12; pi. 4C, figs. 17, 18.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., (Jeol. Surv. 
Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 56. 

Kiagaian (Guelph): Durham, Ontario; ?Hawthome, Illinois. 

MonomoreOs prisea Billings. 

Hcmomorella prisca Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., n. s., 6, 1871, p. 221; Amer. 
Jour. Sci., 3d ser., 3, 1872, p. 359. — Davidson and King, Quart. Jour. Greol. 
Soc. London, 30, 1874, p. 156, pi. 17, figs. ^S, — ^Nicholson, Pal. Pl-ov. Ontario, 
1875, p. 68, fig. 38.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1880, p. 668, fig. 492.— Miller, 
N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 354, fig. 585.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 
8, pt. 1, 1892, pi. 4C, figs. 6-13.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 

3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 56 (loc. occ). — ^Huene, Verh. d. Russ.-Kais. Mineral. Gesell. 
zu St Petersb., 2d ser., 38. 1900, p. 194, fig. 3.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. 
Index FoBsils, 1, p. 190, fig. 225b-c. 

Niagaran (Guelph): Hespelar and Elora, Ontario; Rising Sun, Wood County, 
Ohio; Hawthorne, Port Byron, and Cicero, Illinois. 

MosropsioN Barrande. See Monograptus Geinitz. 

MOKOTBTPA Nicholson. Genotype: C^hsetetes imdulatus Nicholson. 

Manobypa Nicholson, Pal. Tabulate Corals, 1879, p. 293.— Eittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 
1880, p. 616.— Nicholson, Genus Monticulipora, 1881, pp. 102, 168.— Ubich, 
Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 153. — ^Foord, CJontr. Micro-Pal. 
Cambro-SU., 1883, p. 14.— Rotoer, Leth. geog., pt. 1, Leth. Pal., 1883, p. 
472.— Waagen and Wentzel, Pal. Indica, 13th ser., 1886, pp. 875, 876.— Hall 
and Simpson, Pal. New Y(»k, 6, 1887, p. 13.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 
196.— Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 379.— Rominger. Amer. Creol., 6, 
1890, pp. 117, 119.— Uhich, GJeol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 303; Zittel's Textb. 
Pal. (Eng. ed.), 1896, p. 104; ibid., 1897, p. 275.— Simpson, 14th Ann. Rep. 
JBtete Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 581.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. 
Sci.; 6, 1899, p. 136.— Nickles and Baader, BuU. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173» 1900, 
84243'''^BulL 92— vol 2—15 8 



828 bullehk 9SL, united states national museum. 

MONOTEYPA— Continued. 

p. 36.— Pocta, Syst. Sil. du Centre Boheme, 8, pt 2, 1902, p. 319.— OrabM 
and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 137.~Hennlg, Aichiv. for Zool., 
4, 1908, p. 46.— Baasler, BuU. U. S. Nat. Mua., 77, 1911, pp. 309, 310; Zittel- 
Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 339. 
Ptychonema Hall and Simpson, Pal. New York, 6, 1887, pp. xiv, 14. — Miller, 
N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 201.— Simpson, 14th Ilep. State Geol. New York for 
1894, 1897, p. 583. 

Monotryps benjamtnl Baasler. 

Monotrypa benjamini Baasler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, pp. 46, 47, pi. 

16, figs. 6-9; pi. 26, fig. 11. 
Clinton: Lockport, New York (Rocheeter); Osgood, Indiana (Oqgood). 
Cotypes.— Cat Nos. 35500, 44121, U.S.N.M. 

MoNOTRTPA co&RUOATA Weller. See Cyphotrypa coirugata. 

MoNOTBTPA (Chjstetes) cuiOTLATA UMch. See Dianiilitea petropolitana. 

MoNOTBTPA? FiLiASA UMch. Soo Amplexopora filioea. 

Monotryps globoss Weller. 

Monotrypa globoaa Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 142, pi. 8, 

figs. 4-6. 
Trenton: Near Beaver Run, New Jersey. 

Monotrypa incerta Ami. Not recpgnisable. 

Monotrypa incerta Ami, Canadian Rec. Sci., 5, 1892, p. 101. 
Trenton: Quebec City, Quebec. 

Monotrypa Intabulsta Ulrich. 

Monotrypa intabulata Uliich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 305, fig. 20. 
Trenton (Prosser): Goodhue and Fillmore counties, Minnesota. 
Holotype.—C&t. No. 43553, U.S.N.M. 

MoNOTSTPA IBRB0ULARI8 Ulrich. See Stigmatella irregularis. 

Monotrypa magna Ulrich. 

Monotrypa magna Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, pi. 304, p. 27, figs. 28, 29.— 

Sardeson, Jour. Geol., 9, 1901, p. 5, pi. A, figs. 1, 2.— Bassler, Zittel-Eastman 

Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 338, fig. 495. 
Black River (Platteville): Dixon, Illinois; Mineral Point and Beloit, Wisconsin. 
Holoiype.—CaX, No. 43555, U.S.N.M. 

Monotrypa? nodosa Ulrich. 

Monticiilipora? Ortoni (not Nicholson) Whitfield, Geol. Siurv. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, 

p. 251, pi. 11, figs. 7, 8. 
Monotrypa nodos^ Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 306. 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Iron Ridge and Delafield, Wisconsin; Savannah, Illinois. 
Co<^p«.— Cat. No. 43554, U.S.N.M 

Monotrypa osgoodensis Bassler. 

TAstrocerium conistrictum Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 123, pi. 84A, figs. 2a-c, 
3a-e. 

Monotrypa osgoodensis Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 46, pi. 16, 
figs. 1-5. 

Clinton: Osgood, Indiana (Oi^good); Lockport and Rochester, New York (Roch- 
ester). 

Co^jMf.— Cat. Nos. 35498, 44118, U.S.N.M. 



BIBUOGBAPHIC LIST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 829 

MoKOTRTPA PAvoNiA Nicholson. Bee Eflcharopora pavonia. 

MoBotrjpa pedleulsts Baasler. 

Monotrypa pediculata BaaAer, Boll. U. 8. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 47, pi. 16, 

figs. 10-13. 
Clinton: Rochester, New York (Rochester); Osgood, and near Waldron, Indiana 

(Osgood). 
Cot9pe9.'-<M. No. 44119, U.S.N.M. 

Mo!ioTBTPA pxTASiroRMis ULlch. See Amplezopora petasifonms. 

MoNOTRTPA QUADRATA Nicholfion. See Rhombotrypa quadrata. 

Monotrfpa recttmaralis Ulrich. 

Monotrypa rectimundiB Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 462, fig. 3a (p. 808), 
fig. 4d (p. 309), pi. 38, figs. 1-lb.— J. F. James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 
18, 1896, p. 124.-^impson, 14th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 
1897, figs. 151-153 (p. 681). 
Upper Medinan (Girardeau): Alexander County, Illinois. 
Co^pa.— Cat. No. 43779, U.S.N.M. 

MoBolrypaf f splnosuls Hall and Simpson. 

Spedes undetermined Hall, Rep. State Geol. New York for 1882, 1883, pi. 16, 

fig. 25. 
Monotrypa? i^inoeula Hall and Simpson, Pal. New York, 6, 1887, p. 67, pi. 16, 

fig. 25. 
Cayugan (Manlius): Schoharie, New York. 

Monotrypa snbglobosa (Ulrich). 

CSuetetes subglobosa Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 2, 1879, p. 129, pi. 

12, figs. 11-llb. 
Monotrypa subglobosa Ulrich, ibid., 5, 1882, p. 256. 
Monotrypa turbinata Nicklesand Basslcr, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 316 

(not Chstetes turbinatum James). 
Eden (Economy): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
Compel.— Cat. No. 43683, U.S.N.M. 

MoNOTBTPA TUSBiNATA Nlcklos and Bassler. See Monotrypa subglobosa. 

Monotrypa undutsta (Nicholson). 

Chaetetes imdulatus Nicholson, Geol. Mag., n. s., 2, 1875, p. 176; Pal. Province 

Ontario, 1875, pp. 10, 33, pi. 4, fig. 1. 
Montacufipora (Monotrypa) undulata Nicholson, Paleozoic Tabulate Corals, 1879, 

p. 321, pi. 14, figs. 3-^b, 4, 4a; Genus Monticulipora, 1881, p. 170, fig. 32 (not 

fig. 33=:M. undulata-hemispherica (J. F. James) ). 
Monotrypa undulata Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 256. 
Monticidipora undulata James and James, Joiur. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 10, 

1888, p. 161; J. F, James, ibid., 15, 1893, p. 157. 
Triton: Belleville and Peterboro, Ontario. 

)(<Hiotrypa undulata hemispherica (J. F. James). 

Monticulipora (Monotrypa) undulata (part) Nicholson, Genus Monticidipora, 1881, 

p. 170, fig. 33a-<j. 
Monticulipora undulata var. hemispherica James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. 

Hist., 15, 1893, p. 157, fig. lOa-c. 
Monotrypa undulata hemispherica Nickles and Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 

173, 1900, p. 317.— Basaler, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 30, p. 43. 
Rirhmond?: Toronto and Weston, Ontario. 



I 



830 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Montrypa undnlata hemiBpliericar— Continued. 

Observation. — ^Founded on Nicholson's figures of the ''rounded or irregulaily 
spheroidal form'' of M. undulata. The varietal name is of no value until the 
originals of the figures or topotypes can be studied. 

MONOTBTPELLA Ukich. Genotype: M. sequalis Ubich. 

Monotrypella Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 6, 1882, p. 153.— Foord, 
Contr. Micro-Pal. Cambro-Sil., 1883, p. 15.— Foerete, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denisoo 
Univ., 2, 1887, p. 171.— Hall and Simpson, Pal. New York, 6, 1887, p. xiii.— 
Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p, 196.— Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, 
pp. 377, 451; Zittel's Textb. Pal. (Enlg. ed.), 1896, p. 278.— Simpson, 14th 
Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York, for 1894, 1897, p. 581.— Nicklesand Baadcr, 
' Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 30.— Pocta, Syst. Sil. du Centre Bohanc, 
8, pt. 1, 1902, p. 316.— Uhich and Bassler, Smiths. Misc. Coll., Quart., 47, 
1904, p. 43.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Floaails, 1, 1907, p. 131.— Cum- 
ings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Ree. Indiana, 1908, p. 749.— Bassler, 
Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 336. 

Monotrypella aDqualls Ulrich. 

Monotrypella sequalis Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 247, 
pi. 11, figs. 3-3b; Geol. Surv. lUinois, 8, 1890, fig. 3b (p. 308), ^. 4a (p. 309).~ 
J. F. James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 16, p. 201. — Simpson, 14th Ann. 
Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, figs. 154-156 (p. 582).— Ulrich and 
Bassler, Smiths. Misc. Coll., Quart., 47, 1904, p. 44.— Cumings, 32d Ann. 
Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 856, pi. 20, figs. 4-4c. 

Eden (Economy): Covington, Kentucky. 

J7oto<yp€.— Cat. No. 43684, U.S.N.M. 

MonotrypeUsf arbusculs (Hall). 

Chsetetes fruticosus Hall, 32d Ann. Rep. New York State Mus., 1879, p. 148 

(reprint, 1880, p. 10); Rep. State Geol. New York for 1882, 1883, pL 9, 

figs. 1-8. 
Chffitetes (Monotnrpella) arbusculus Hall and Simpson, Pal. New York, 6, 1887, 

p. 12, pi. 9, figs. 1-3 (?4, 5), 6-8. 
Monotrypella? arbusculus (}rabau, Bull. New York State Mus., 92, 1906, p. 117, 

fig. 26. 
Helderbeigian (Manlius transition beds): Schoharie, New York. 

MoNOTBTPELLA BRiABEA Ulrich. Soo Eridotrypa briareus. 

MoNOTBTPELLA CONFLUBN8 Foorsto. Soo Homotrypa? confluens. 

Monotrypella? eonstmiUs (Hall). 

Chsetetes? consimills Hall, 28th Ann. Rep. New York State Mus., doc. ed., 
1876, pi. 9, figs. 7-14; 28th Ann. Rep. New York State Mus. (mus. ed.), 1879, 
p. 110, pi. 9, figs. 7-14; nth Ann. Rep. Indiana Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, 
p. 230, pi. 8, figs. 7-14. 

Monotnrpella consimilis Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 248. 

Niagaran (Waldron): Waldron, Indiana. 

MoNOTBTPELLA GBASSDfUBALis Ulrlch. Soo Rhombotrypa craasimuralis. 
MoNOTBTPELLA MULTFTABULATA UMch. See Hallopora multitabulata. 
MoNOTBTPELLA QUAOBATA Ulrich.* Soo Rhombotrypa quadrata. 
MoNOTBTPELLA 8UBQUAOBATA Ulrich. See Rhombotrypa subquadrata. 
MoNOTBTPELLA TBENTONENSI8 UlHch. See Eridotrypa trentonensis. 



BIBLIOGBAPHIC LIST OP GENERA AND SPECIES. 831 

MONnCUUPORA D'Orbigny. Genotype: M. mammulata D'Orbigny. 

Ifontkulipora D'Orbigny, Ftodr. Pftl., 1, 1850, p. 25.— Edwards and Haime, 
Mon, British Fosb. Corals., Pal. Soc., 1854, p. 264, footnote.— Pictet, Trait6 
de PaL, 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 443.— Milne-Edwards, Hist. Nat. des Corall, 3, 
18e0, p. 272.— Eichwald, Leth. Rossica, 1, 1860, p. 492.— Salter, Cat. Camb. 
Sil. Foes., 1873, p. 108.— Dekoninck, Nouv. Rech. Anim. Foes. Terr. Carb. 
Belgique, 1872, p. 141.— Lindstrom, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 18, 
1876, p. 5.— Nichobon, Pal. Tabulate Corals, 1879, p. 269,— Zittel, Handb. 
Pal., 1, 1880, p. 614.— Nicholson, Genus Monticulipora, 1881, p. 99.— Uhich, 
Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, pp. 153, 232. — ^Roemer, Leth. geog., 
pt. 1, Leth. Pal., 1883, p. 468.— Fooid, Contr. Micro-Pal. Cambro-Sil., 1883, 
p. 7.— Freeh, Zeits. d. d. geol. Geeell., 37, 1885, p. 951.— Waagen and Went- 
ze\ Pal. Indica, 13th ser., 1886, p. 874.--James, Amer. Geol., 1, 1888, p. 386.— 
James and James, Jour. Cin. Soc. Nat. Hist., 10, 1888, p. 158.— Miller, N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 197.— Rominger, Amer. Geol., 6, 1890, pp. 102-121. — 
Ulrich, GeoL Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, pp. 370, 407;-Amer. Geol., 10, 1892, p. 
57; Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 217.— James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. 
Nat. Hist., 16, 1893, p. 155; Zittel'sTextb. Pal. (Engl, ed.), 1896, p. 103, 272.— 
lindstrom, Kongl. Sven. Vet. Akad. Handl., 32, No. 1, 1899, p. 52.— Sardeson, 
Neues Jahrb. Min., Geol. Pal., Beilage-Band, 10, 1896, p. 347.— Simpson, 
14th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 677.— NicUes and 
Baad^, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 28.— Pocta, Syst. Sil. du Centre 
Boheme, 8, pt. 2, 1902, p. 312.— Uhrich and Bassler, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 
Quart., 47, 1904, p. 15.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, 
p. 127. — Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Ree. Indiana, 1908, p. 
750.— Bassler, BuU. TJ. S. Nat. Mus., 77, 1911, p. 179; Zittel-Eastman Textb. 
PaL, 1913, p. 331. 

Peionopora (in part) Nicholson, CrAius Monticulipora, 1881, p. 215. 
Observation. — ^Biany of the above citations, especially the earlier ones, refer to 

Monticulipora in a broader sense than employed at present. 

McnmcuupoRA jbtous Dybowski. See Erldotr3rpa sedilis. 

MoimcuupoRA JBQUAIJ8 James. See Monotrypella sequalia. 

Monticulipora apfinis James. See Heterotrypa affinis. 

Monticulipora (Fistulipora) altrrnata James and James. See Coeloclema 
alternatum. 

MosmcuupoRA AKDRBWsn James and James. See Hallopora andrewsi. 

Monhculipora (Constrllaria) anthrloidea James and James. See Stellipora 
antheloidea. 

MoBmcvupoRA APPROxiMATA Hall. See Hallopora dalei. 

MoBtteoUpora arborea Ulrich. 

Monticulipora arborea Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 220, pi. 20, figs. 1-9, 
13,14; Zitters Textb. Pal, (Engl, ed.), 1896, fig. 449 (p. 272).— Grabau and 
Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 127, fig. 186a,— Bassler, Zittel-East- 
man Textb. PaL, 1913, p. 331, fig. 474. 

Trenton: Cannon Falls, Minnesota, and Decorah, Iowa (Proeser); Burgin and 
FrankfcRt, Kentucky (Wilmore). 

Cb^pet .-Cat. Nos. 43547, 43648, U.S.N.M. 

MommuupoBA arbolata J. F. James. See Aspidopora areolata. 



882 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Montlculiporaf argentlna Kayser. 

MoDtlculipora argentina Kayser. Beitr. (leol. Pal. Aigentin. Bepublik, FbI. 

Suppl. 3, 1876, p. 13, pi. 5, figs. 8, 9. 
Qrdovidan: Talacaetra, Aigentina. 

MoNnouuPOBA ASPSBA J. F. Jamee. See Spatiopora aspera. 

MoNncuupoRA ASPSBULA James. See Petigopora aspenila. 

MoNncxrupORA (CHiSTETEs) ATTRTTUS Ghamberlln. See Dekayia aspera. 

MoNnouLiPORA BnuNGSi FooRD. See Orbignyella billingsi. 

MoNTiouLiPORA BRiARBA James and Jamee. See Eridotrypa briareus. 

MoNTicULiPORA CALOEOLA Miller and Dyer. See Leptotrypa calceola . 

MoNTicuLiPORA cALTCuu^. Jamce and James. See Aspidopora calycula. 

Montlculiporaf cannonensis Ulrich. 

Monticulipora? cannonensis Ulrich, Greol. Minnesota, 8, 1893, p. 221, pi. 20, figs. 

10-12. 
Trenton (Proeser): Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 
Holotype.—CB,i. No. 43649, U.S.N.M. 

Monticulipora cincinnatiensis (James). 

Chsetetes cincinnatiensis James, Catal. Sil. Foss. Cincinnati Group, 1875, p. 2. 
Monticulipora (Peronopora) Cincinnatiensis Nicholson, Genus Monticulipora, 

1881, p. 226, pi. 2, figs. 0-6c. 
Monticulipora cincinnatiensis Ulrich, Joy. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 

239.— James and James, ibid., 10, 1888, p. 170.— J. P. James, ibid., 16, 1894, 

p. 188.— Bassler, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 30, 1906, p. 43. 
Maysville (Corryville): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

MoNTicxTLiPORA ciBCULABis James. See Calloporella drcularis. 

MoNTicuLiPOBA CLAVACoiDEA James and James. See Leptoliypa clavacoidea. 

MonticuUpors dearelandi James. 

Monticulipora (Heterotrjrpa?) cleavelandi James, Paleontologist, No. 6, 1882, p. 

49, pi. 1, fig. 7. 
Monticulipora cleavelandi James and James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist, 11, 

1888, p. 16, pi. 1, fig. 4.-J. F. James, ibid., 18, 1895, p. 68.— Ulrich and 

Bassler, Smiths. Misc. Coll., Quart., 47, 1904, p. 16, pi. 6, figs. 4-6.— Bassler, 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 30, 1906, p. 44. 
Richmond (Whitewater): Lynchburg and Wilmington, Ohio. 
Plenotype.—CoX. No. 43170, U.S.N.M. 

Monticulipora?? clintonenBis James. 

Monticulipora (Heterotrypa) clintonensis James, Paleontologist, No. 6, 1882, p. 

45, pi. 1, fig. 9. 
Monticulipora clintonensis James and James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 11, 

1888, p. 20, pi. 1, figs. 1, la.-J. F. James, ibid., 18, 1895, p. 73.— Nickles tnd 

Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 321.— Bassler, Proc. U, S. Nat. 

Mus., 30, 1906, p. 45. 
Bichmond: Clinton County, Ohio. 
Observation. — ^The types of this species are lost, but it is almost certainly a 

synonym for Heterotrypa subramosa (Ulrich). 



BIBLIOQBAPHIC LIST OF QENEBA AND SPECIES. 838 

MoKncuupORA COMMUNIS James and Jamee. See Hallopora onealli communia. 
HoNncuupoRA. COMPRE88A James. See Peronoi>ora compressa. 

Mo.vnccruPORA consdolis IJlrich. See Monticulipora Uevis conmmiliw. 

MoNTicuupoRA OOMTSXTA James. See Homotrypella contexta. 

MomcuLiPoiiA CRASfiDf ORALIS Jaoies. See Rhombotrypa crassimuralis. 

MoNTicuLiFORA CRU8TTJLATA James and James. See Chsetetes crustulatus. 

MoimcuupoRA cuMiTLATA James. See Nicholsonella cumulata. 

MoKTicuupoRA cuRYATA James. See Homottypa curvata. 

VoNTicniPORA DALBi Milne-Edwards and Haime. See Hallopora dalei. 

VoDticuUpcura Dalii White (not Milne-Edwards and Haime). Not recognized. 

M<mticulip(»a Dalii White, Wheeler's Geogr. Geol. Explor. Siir., 4, 1875, p. 66, 

pi. 4, fig. 5. 
Trenton: Silver Canyon, Pahranagat Range, Nevada. 

MoxncDLiPORA Daui Hall. See Hallopora ramosa. 

Monhcuupora dawboki James and James. See Homotrypa dawsoni. 

Monticulipora dblicatula James and James. See Bythopora delicatula. 

MoimcuLiPORA DiBcoiDBA Jamos and James. See Amplexopora? di^coidea. 

MoHTicuupoRA DUBiA James. See Diplotr3rpa dubia. 

MoiracuupoRA DTCHRi James. See Stigmatella dychei. 

HomctJLiPORA BccxNTRicA James and James. See Aspidopora eccentrica. 

HoimcuLiPORA BLSOANS James and James. See Discotr3rpa elegans. 

VoBtleiilipors epldermata IJlrich and Bassler. 

Monticnlipora epidermata Ulrich and Bassler, Smiths. Misc. Coll., Quart., 47, 

1904, p. 17.— Cuming8,^2d Ann. Hep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, 

p. 857, pi. 20, figs. &-5c; pi. 30, fig. 12. 
CbsCetos mammnlatua Quenstedt (not Monticulipora mammulata D'Orbigny), 

Rodiren und Stemkorallen, 1881, p. 75, pi. 46, figs. 10, 11 (not 12). 
mduDond (Whitewater): Richmond, Indiana; Oxford, Ohio. 
a>^pe«.— Oat. No. 43172, U.S.N.M. 

MoracuupoRA PALB8I James. See Prasopora &lesi. 

MomcuLZPORA FILIA8A D'Orbigny. See Amplexopora filiasa. 

VomouupoRA FLABKLLARI8 James. See Homotrypa fiabellaris. 

UoimcuupORA (Peronopora) prondosa Nicholson. See Peronopora decipiens. 

UoimcuupoRA (OsiBTBTEs) PU8IPORMIB Cluunberlin. See Lioclemella fusiformis. 

' UoimcuLiPORA FU8IPORMI0 James and James. See lioclemella subfusiformis. 

l((nrnci7UPORA oblasinosa J. F. James. See Homotrypa gelasinosa. 

MoimcuLiPORA QUAOua James and James. See Bythopora gracilis. 



834 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Monhcuupora oracius var. mbeki Nicholson. See Bythopon meeki. 

Monhguiipora obandis Ulrich. See Praflopora grandis. 

MoNTicuLiPOiiA (F18TULIPORA.) GBANULXFBRA J. F. Janies. See Homotrypell^grana- 
lifera. 

MoNnouLiFORA H08PITALIS James and James. See Homotrypella hoepltalifl. 

MoNTicuLiPORA H08PITALI8 var. UBViB Jamos and Jamee. See MonticniliixiTa kevis. 

Monticnlipora hospitalis neglecta James and James. 

Monticulipora ho^italis var. neglecta James and James, Jour. Cincinnati See. 
Nat. Hist., 11, 1888, p. 27, pi. 1, fig. 3.— J. F. James, ibid., 18, 1896, p. 
124.— Bassler, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 30, 1906, p. 45. 
Richmond: Waynesville, Ohio. 

Observation. — ^Types lost and description and figure not sufficient for recog- 
nition. 

MoNTicuLiPOitA DiPBBFBCTUM J. F. James. See Hemiphragma imperfcctum. 

MoNTicuLiPOitA iMPUOATUM J. F. Jamos. See Batostoma implicatum. 

Monticulipora Inoompts Ulrich. 

Monticulipora in6ompta Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 219, pi. 15, figs. 9-12. 
Black Biver (Decorah); Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

Monticulipora inflecta J. F. James. See Heterotrypa inflecta. 

Monticulipora? Insularls Seely. 

Monticulipora insularis Seely, Rep. Vermont State Geol., 1906, p. 185, pi. 43, 44. 
Chazyan: South Hero, Vermont. 

MoNncuLiPORA IRREGULARIS James and James. See Stigmatella irregularis. 

Monticulipora Jamebi Nicholson. See Batostoma jamesi. 

MoNTicuuPORA KENTUCKiENSis James. See Hallopora multitabulata. 

Monticulipora IffiTls Ulrich. 

Monticulipora Uevis Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati 00c. Nat Hist., 5, 1882, p. 236, 

pi. 10, figs. 1-lb.— J. F. James, ibid., 18, 1895, p. 85. 
Monticulipora hospitalis var. laevis James and James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. 

Hist., 11, 1888, p. 27. 
Richmond (Whitewater): Oxford, Ohio. 
Cofypea.— Cat. No. 43679, U.S.N.M. 

Monticulipora IflBYls conslmllls Ulrich. 

Monticulipora consimilis Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hiet., 5, 1882, p. 238, 

pi. 10, fig. 2.—J. F. James, ibid., 16, 1894, p. 189. 
Monticulipora leevis consimilis Nickles and Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Run'., 173, 

1900, p. 324. 
Richmond (Whitewater) : O'xford, Ohio. 
Holotype.-<^Bt, No. 43680, U.S.N.M. 

Monticulipora lamellosa Ulrich. See Orbignyella lamellosa. 

Monticulipora lens James and James. See Calloporella rircularis. 

Monticulipora lycoperdon Roemer. See Chatetes lycoperdon. 

Monticulipora (Dbkayia) maculata J. F. James. See Dekayia maculata. 



BIBUOOBAPHIO LIST OF GENEBA AND SPECIES. 835 

Mokhcuufoka mammilloba Siii^[>eon. See Monticulipora molesta. 

Ventfeallpora mmmmulsts D'Orbigny. 

Monticufipora mammtilata D'Orbigny, Prodr. de Pal., 1, 1850, p. 25.— Milne- 
Edwards and Haime, British Foes. Corals, 1854, p. 265.— Milne-Edwards, 
Hist, Nat. des Corall., 3, 1860, p. 276.— Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. 
Hist., 5, 1882, p. 234, pi. 10, figs. 5, 5a; p. 130.— Hall, 12th Ann. Rep. Indiana 
Geol. Nat. Hist., 1883, p. 250, pi. 11, Bg. 1.— Ulrich and Bassler, Smiths. 
Misc. Coll., Quart, 47, 1904, p. 16, pi. 6, figs. 1-3.— Nickles, Bull. Kentucky 
Geol. Smv., 5, 1905, p. 56, pi. 3, Bg. 7.— Boule and Thevenin, Ann. Pal., 1, 
fasc. 1, 1906, p. 5, pi. 1, fig. 10, 11; pi. 2, fig. l.-^Grabau and Shimer, N. A. 
Index Foemls, 1, 1907, p. 127.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. 
Indiana, p. 859, pi. 21, figs. 1-lc; pi. 31, figs. 1, la. 

Chsetetes manunulatus Milne-Edwards and Haime, Pol. Foss. Terr. Pal., 1851, 
p. 267, pi. 19, figs. 1, la. 

Maysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

Pnigment of holotype and plesiotype.-^Bt, Nos. 35114, 43682, U.S.N.M. 

UomcuLiPO&A. MAMMULATA Nicholson. See Monticulipora molesta. 

HoKnouiiPORA icAMMTJiiATA James and James. See Heterotrypa frondosa. 

Homucuupora mamm ulata var. molesta Ulrich. See Monticulipora molesta. 

MoimcuuFORA meeki James and James. See Bythopora meeki. 

MoimcuiiPOEA (Fistuupora) miliobdbnbis James and James. See Ceramoporella 
granuloea milfordensis. 

Meatieiillporm molests Nicholson. 

Manticulixx>ra (Peronopora) molesta Nicholson, Genus Monticiilipora, 1881, p. 

224, pi. 6, figs. 2-2d. 
Monticulipora mammulata var. molesta Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 

5, 1882, p. 236. 
Monticulipora mammulata Nicholson, Manual Pal., 1889, p. 355. 
Monticulipora molesta J. F. James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 13, 1895, 

p. 68.— Nicklee and Basaler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 325.— 

Hayes and Ulrich, U. S. Geol. Surv., folio 95, ill. sheet, 1903, fig. 13. 
Monticulipora mammillosa (in error) Simpson, 14th Ann. Kep. State Geol. New 

Yoric for 1894, 1897, p. 577, pi. 17, figs. 1-3. 
Mtysville: Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity (Bellevue); Maury County, etc., 

Tennessee (Leipers). 
Pfcwbi^.— Cat. No. 35405, U.S.N.M. 

MoNncuupoRA MUi/imjBEBCULATA Whitfield. See Khomhotrypa quadrata. 

MoNncnupoRA nkwbebbyi James and James. See Aspidopora newbenTi. 

MoKncuupoRA NBWPOBTBN8I8 James and James. See Atactoporella newi)ortensis. 

HoNTicuupoRA (Fistttufora) NI0H0L8ONI James and James. See Ceramopora 
nidiolsoni 

MoimcuupoRA MODULOSA James and James. See Hallopora nodulosa. 

MoNTicuupoBA OHioENSia James. See Dekayella uliichi. 

MoimctniPORA o'kealli James and James. See Hallopora onealli. 

MoKncuupoRA (Hetbrotrtpa) o'nballi Nicholson. See Hallopora onealli sigil- 
hriddea. 



836 BULLETIN 92^ UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

MoNTicuLiPoaA. (Hxtbbotbtpa) onballiT var. oommunis James. See Halkpoia 

onealli communis. 

MoNnouupoBA OBTONi James and James. See Atactoporella ortooL 

MoNnouupoBA? OHTONi Whitfield. See Monotryx>a nodosa. 

MoNTicuLiPORA (Pbbonopora?) OBTONI Nicholson. See Atactoporella ortonL 

MoNncuLiPORA (Fistuupoba) owbni James and James. See Ccelodema oweni. 

Monticulipora papillata Milne-Edwards. Not recognized. 

Monticulipora papillata (not Nebulipora papillata McCoy) MUne-Edwards, Blst. 

Nat. des Gorall., 3, 1860, p. 275.— James and James, Jonr. CSnciniutti Sec. 

Nat. Hist., 11, 1888, p. 23.-J. F. James, ibid., 13, 1895, p. Sl.^Baasler, Proc. 

U. S. Nat. Mus., 30, 1906, p. 45. 
Ordovician: Cincinnati, Ohio, etc. 

Montteullpora paraslttea Ulrich. 

Monticidipora parasitica Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist, 5, 1882, p. 238, 

pi. 10, figs. 3, 3a.— J. F. James, ibid., 18, 1895, p. 81.— Cumings, 32d Ann. 

Kep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 862, pi. 21, figs. 2, 2b; pi. 31, 

fig. 2. 
Bichmond (Whitewater): Oxford and Hanover, Ohio; Bichmond, Indiana. 
Holotype.— Chi. No. 43681, U.S.N.M. 

Monticulipora parasitica plana Ulrich. 

Monticulipora parasitica var. plana Ulrich, Contr. Micro-Pal. Cambro-Sil., pt. 2, 

1889, p. 29, pi. 8, figs. 3-3d.— Whiteaves, Pal. Fosb., 3, 1895, p. 115. 
Richmond (Stony Mountain): Stony Mountain, Manitoba. 
Figured sections of Ao^ofype.— Cat. No. 43811, U.S.N.M. 

MoNncuLiPOBA (Constbllabia) pabva J. F. James. See Constellaiia parva. 

MoNncuLiPOBA PAvoNiA Miluo-Edwards. See Eschaiopora pavonia. 

MoNTicuupoBA (Dskatia) pbluoulata Jamcs. See Dekayia pelUculata. 

MoNTiouupoBA PBTA8IFOBMI8 James and James. See Amplexopora petasiformis. 

MoNncuupoBA PBTA8IFOBMI8 var. WBLCHi James and James. See Amplexopora 
petasiformb welchi. 

MoNTicuupoBA PBTBCHiALis Jsmcs and James. See Petigopora petechialis. 

MoNTicTTLiPOBA PBTBOPOLTTANA of authoFB. Soo lEQudia splueroidalis and dueietefl 
petropolitanus. 

MoNTicuLiPOBA (Constbllabia) POLT9TOMSLLA Jamcs and Jamee« See Constellam 
florida and C. polystomella. 

MoNTiouLiPOBA PBOLDiCA J. F. Jamcs. See Heterotrypa subramosa prolifica. 

MoNncuupoBA PUNCTATA Whitfield. See Constellaria punctata. 

MONTICUUPOBA PU8TUL08A James. See Amplexopora pustulosa. 

MONTICUUPOBA QUADBATA Jamos and James. See Rhombotrypa quadrata. 

MoNncuupoBA QUADBATA var. suBQUADBATA Jamcs. See Rhombotrypa sub- 
quadrata. 

MONTICUUPOBA BAM OSA D'Orbiguy. See Hallopora ramosa. 



BIBUOOBAPHIO UST. OF GENERA. AND SPECIES. 887 

MoimcuLiPO&A (Hbtbrotrtpa) ramosa var. dalbi Nicholson. See Hallopora dalei. 
MoirncuuFORA eamosa var. ruoosa Jaoiies and James. See Hallopora rugoea. 
M(HmcuupORA BBCTANGULARU Whitfield. See Ilhombotryx>a quadrata. 
MoxncuLiFORA RUGOSA Milne-Edwards and Haime. See Hallopora nigosa. 
MoMTicuLiPORA. (Fistuupora) rubtiga J. F. James. See Homotrypella rustica. 
MosncuupORA (Prasopora^ SKLwrxn Nicholson. See Prasopora selwyni. 

MoKTicuupoRA SKLWTNn J. F. Jamos. See Prasopora simulatrix. 

MoffncnupoRA (Prasopora) SsLwrNn var. hospitalis Nicholson. See Homotry- 
pella hoipitalis. 

HoimcuupoRA BBPTOSA James and James. See Amplexopora septosa. 

liiumcuLiPORA sDCULATRix J. F. James. See Eridotrypa simulatrix. 

Monticuupora singularis Simpson. See Dekayella singularis. 

MosmcuupoRA STiDHAMi J. F. James. See Cyphotrypa stidhami; 

MomcuupORA 8UBCTLINDRI0A James. See Amplexopora filiasa. 

UoxncuupORA (Monotrtpa) subfusiformis James. See lioclemella subfusiformiB. 

MoKncuupoRA BUBPULCHSLLA James and James. See Heterotrypa subpulchella. 

MoNTicuupoRA (Hstbrotrtpa) trentonbnbis Nicholson. See Eridotrypa trento^ 
nenos. 

MosmcuuPORA TOBBROULATA James and James. See Spatiopora tuberculata. 

MoimcuLiPORA (Monotrtpa) tubbrculata Nicholson. See Spatiopora corticanfl. 

MoimcuupoRA TUR^iNATA James and James. See Chsetetes turbinata. 

MoFncvupoRA ULRicHi Jamos and James. See Dekayella ulrichi. 

MoxncuupoRA (Monotrtpa) undulata Nicholson. See Monotrypa undulata. 

MoKncuupoRA UNDULATA var. HBMisPHBRicA J. F. Jamos. See Monotrypa undulata 
bemispherica. • 

MoimcuupoRA UNiFORMiB J. F. James. See Peronopora compressa. 

MoimcuLiPORA (Chjbtbtbb) yariakb James. See Batostoma varians. 

MoxncuuFORA YAUPBU Jamos and James. See Nicholsonella vaupeli. 

MoKTicuupoRA (Fi8TULiPORA)yBNUBTA Jamos and James. See Crepipora venusta. 

MonicuuFORA YBRRUCOSA J. F. James. See Calloporella? nodulosa. 

MoNncuupoRA (Monotrtpa) wblchi James. See Amplexopora petasiformiB wdchi. 

VftBtlciillpors westonl Foord. 

MoDtacolipora Westoni Foord, Contributions Micro-Pal. Cambro-Sil., 1883, p. 7, 

pi. 1, figs. 1-lb. 
Trenton: Ottawa, Ontario. 

UoKncuupoRA WBTHBRBTI Ulrich. See Orbignyella wetherbyi 



838 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

MoNncuLiFORA WETHERBYi var. ASPEBULA James and James. See Petigopora 
aBpcmla. 

MoNncuLiPORA (Diplotrtpa) WHiTEAVEsn of authoTB. See Prasopcxa selwyzii, P. 
eimulatrix orientalis and Mesotrypa whiteavesi. 

MoNTiouupoRA wmTFisLDi Jaznes and Jamee. See Hemiphragma wfaitfieldi. 

MoNnouLiPQBA wiLMmoTONSNSB J. F. James. See liocleoia? wilmingtoneiiBe. 

MoNnouLiPORA (Hbtbbotrtpa) wmcHBLLi Jamee. See Homotrypella hospitalis, 

MoNncuLiPORA (Monotrtpa) wobtheni Jamee. See Hamotrjrpa wortheni. 

MOOBEA Jones and Ejrkby. Genotype: M. obeea Jones. 

Moorea Jones and Ejrkby, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 23, 1867, p. 494.— 
Jones and HoU, Ann. }iBg, Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 3, 1869, p. 325.--J<Mie6 and 
Kirkby, Proc. Geol. Assoc. London, 9, 1886, p. 508.— Jones, Monthly Micros. 
Jour., 1870, p. 193.— Vogdes, Ann. New York Acad. Sci., 5, 1889, p. 4.— 
Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 6, 1899, p. 309.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pid., 
1st App., 1892, p. 709.— Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 681. 

Moorea annularis Ulrich. 

Moorea angulans Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 682, pi. 43, fig. 89; 

pi. 46, figs. 15, 16. 
Black River (Decorah): Minneapolis and near Fountain, Minnesota. 
Ootyjxf*.— Cat. Nos. 41685, 41800, U.S.N. M. 

Moorea? perplexa Ulrich. 

Moorea? perplexa Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 683, pi. 46, figs. 17, 18. 
Black River (Decorah): Near Fountain, Minnesota. 

Moorea punctata Ulrich. 

Moorea punctata Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. {82, pi. 43, figs. 84, 88. 
Black River (Decorah) : St. Paul, Minnesota. 
Coeypw.— Cat. No. 41684, U.S.N.M. 

MOURLONIA Dekoninck. Qesxotype: Helix carinatus Sowerby. 

Mourlonia Dekoninck, Ann. Mus. Royal Hist. Nat. Belg., 8, 1883, p. 75. — Koken, 
Neues Jahrb. f. Min. Geol. Pal., 6, Beilage-Band, 1889, p. 328.— Burckhardt, 
ibid., 1, 1897, p. 200, 201. 

Mourlonia raclnensls (Whitfield). 

Pleurotomaria Racinensis Whi^eld, Ann. Rep. for 1877, Wisconsin Geol. Surv., 

1878, p. 84; Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 296, pi. 18, figs. 7, 8. 
Niagaran (Racine): Racine, Wisconsin. 

Mourlonia worthenana (Miller). 

Murchisonla worthenana Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 225, 

pi. 9, fig. 3. 
Mourlonia worthenana Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 

955 (gen. ref.). 
Niagaran (Racine): Bridgeport, Chicago, Illinois. 

MuRCHisoNiA of authors. See Coelocaulus (Ehlert, £ctomaria Koken, Fusispira Hall, 
Hormotoma Salter, Lophospira Whitfield and Omospira Ulnch. 



BIBUOGBAPHIC USX OF GENERA AND SPECtES. 839 

mnCHISONIA D' Archiac and Vemeuil. 

(jenotype: M. bilineata D'Archiac and Vemeuil. 
Moichifionia D'Archiac and Vemeuil, Bull. Geol. Soc. France, 12, 1841, p. 154. 

Obeervation. — ^The numerous citations of American authors to this genus are 
omitted hare because probably none of them refers to species congeneric .with 
the type. Murchisonia like Pleurotomaria may not be represented in American 
I^Jeosoic strata, both genera being used as provisional places for spedeB insuf- 
ficiently described. See Uhich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1807, 
p. d59, for discussion of this subject. 

MmcmsoNiA abbrstiata Hall. See Lophoepira subabbreviata. 

Murchlsoiila aclculata Hall. 

Ifurchiaonia aciculata Hall, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 154.— Dawson, 

Acadian Geol., 2d ed., 1868, p. 605. 
Sihirian: Arisaig, Nova Scotia. 

MuBcmBOHiA ACRSA BillingB. See Tunitoma acrea. 

MuBCHUONiA AouMiNATA Miller. See Lophospira acuminata. 

MuBCHXSOMiA Ada Billings. See Turritoma ada. 

MuBcanoNLA. Adkuna Billings. See Ectomaria adelina. 

MuBcmsoNiA Aonjs Billings. See Hormotoma? agilis. 

MciCHiBOKiA ALBXANDRA Billings. See Omospira alexandra. 

MvicHisoNiA AMFLA Miller. See Lophospira ampla 

MviCHisoiaA ANQUSTATA Hall. See Hormotoma gracilis angustata. 

McBCHiBOKiA Anna Billings. See Hormotoma anna. 

livicBisoNiA^ Abachns BillingB. See Lophospira? arachne. 

MBTehlaonla arisalgensto Hall. 

Muxchisonia Arisaigensis Hall, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 154. — Dawson, 

Acadian GeoL, 2d ed., 1868, p. 604. 
Shirian: Arisaig, Nova Scotia. 

MuBCHisoNiA Abtbhesia Billings. See Hormotoma artemesia. 

MuBCHisoNiA A8PBB BillingB. See Lophospira aspera. 

MuicHisoNiA AUOUSTiNA BillingB. See Lophospira augustina. 

Mnrchisonia (Honnotoma) augustina ottawaensis Ami. 

Murchisonia (Honnotoma) Augustina var. Ottawaensis n. var. Ami, Geol. Surv. 

Canada, Ann. Rep., n. s., 12, App. G, 1901, p. 68 (nom. nud.). 
Trenton: Ottawa, Ontario. 

MuBCHDONiA BBLUciNCTA Hall. See Hormotoma bellicincta and H. trentonensis. 

MuBCHiBONiA BBLUCINCTA Owen. See Hormotoma major. 

MuiCHisoNiA BEixiciNCCA var. TBBBTiFORMis Whiteaves. See Hormotoma tereti- 
iomuB. 

MvicBisoNiA BiciNCTA Hall. See Lophospira bidncta. 

MuBCHisoNiA BICINCTA of authoTB. See Lophospira obliqua and L. perforata. 



840 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

MuRCHisoNiA BiciNCTA var. PBRANOULATA Salter. See Lophoepira poangulmte. 

Murchlsonfaff billingsana Miller. 

Murchbonia Hercyna BillingB, Pal. Foes., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 158, 

fig. 141 (adv. sheets, 1862).— Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Gab. Nat. Hist., 

1868, p. 345; rev. ed., 1870, p. 397 (extras, 1865).— Nicholson, Rep. IHJ. 

Prov. Ontario, pt. 2, 1875, p. 71, pi. 3, ^. 2; Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 

31, 1875, p. 547, pi. 26, fig. 2. 
Pleurotomaria hercyna Whiteaves, Pal. Fobs., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1S95, 

p. 76. 
Murchisonia billingsana Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 411 (M. hercyna, ' 

Billings preoccupied).— Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Fobs., 3, pt. 4, 

1906, p. 335. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Gait, etc., Ontario; Wisconsin. 

MuBCBisoNiA BivnTATA Hall. See Coelocaulus bivittatus. 

MuRcmsoNiA BowDENi Safford. See Lophospira bowdeni. 

MuBcmsoNiA BOTDii Hall. See Loxonema boydi. 

Murchisonia Botlbi Nicholson. See Tunitoma boylei. 

Murchisonia calcifera Miller. See Lophospira calcifera. 

Murchisonia cabinata James. See Pleurotomaria carinata. 

Murchisonfaff carinlfera Shumard. 

Murchisonia carinifera Shumard, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Loids, 2, 1863, p. 106. — 

Keyes, Missouri Geol. Surv., 5, 1894, p. 145. 
Canadian (Yellville): Ossark County, Missouri. 

Murchisonia Cassandra Billings. See Seeljra cassandra. 

Murchisonia cassina Miller. See Eotomaria? cassina. * 

Murchisonia cassina Whitfield. See Hormotoma? cassina. 

Murchisonia?? catharlna Billings. 

Murchisonia Cathanna Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 231, 

fig. 215. 
Chazyan (Quebec — K): Table Head, Newfoundland. 

Murchisonia centraus Miller. See Lophospira centralis. 

Murchisonia chamberlini Whitfield. See Lophospira? chamberlini. 

Murchisonia Cicblia Billings. See Lophospira cicelia. 

Murchisonia? confusa Whitfield. See Hormotoma confusa. 

Murchisonia conoidba of authors. See Holopea conoidea and Lophospira conoidea. 

Murchisonia conradi Hall. See Lophospira conradi. 

Murchisonia constricta Whiteaves. See Turritoma constricta. 

Murchisonia centralis Miller. See Lophospira centralis. 

Murchisonia decurta Hall. See Lophospira subabbreviata. 

Murchisonia elbvata Miller. See Lophospira elevata. 

Murchisonia estblla Billings. See Coelocaulus estella. 



BIBUOOBAPHIO LIST OF OENBBA AND SPECIES. 841 

ItuicBisomA EmiroATA Htll. Seo Ectoouiu «xt«nua1a. 

UncmsoNu fukata BUIinigB. See Bormobmift fimata. 

HnuBUONiA oiQANTXA Bluings. See Htmnotonui gigontca. 

XracmsoHiA imt r"-"" ' Whit£eld. See Bbrmotoma gracUena. 

UracBtBOifiA oKAOLiB HalL 8«e Hannotoma gnudlia. 

MiTBCHiaomA (Hohhotoma) gracilib Salter. See HormotomA miteri conadeiuis. 

HncnaoKiA mmwin.ij MiiW, See Lophofipira hammelli. 

HmCKUONiA HsuontXKS Salter. See Lophospira helicterea. 

UcTBCHisoinA HBucTBBRa (part) Whitfield. See Lophoepita Bemikta. 

UuwxasoNu Hkwttna BilliagB. See Miitcbieoiii&7? blUingsana. 

HOBCHiaoinA? Hkbkiokx BillingH. See Lophoqnra? hermione. 

HuKCKUONiA Hebfklxrmn8I8 Whiteavee. See Lophotq>ira heepelereiuia. 

HncBiBoinA HumuB Uillei. See Lt^boepira humilifl. 

HuKcsmotiiA HTA1.B Billing Bee Plethoapira hyale. 

UtTBcmsoNiA IH1VBQVXN8 BillingB. Bee Hormotoma infiequeua. 

llDBCBraoNiA Jebaica BillisgB. Bee Lopho^ira jeuaica, 

Hdhzibonu i.APHAja Hall. See Tuiritoma lapbami. 

■tmhlsonlmt UtIfMcIatft Etheridge. 

Umchisniia Utifaaciata EtheridKe, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 34, 1878, p. 

aoo, pi. 27, fig. 1. 
Niagumn: Offley lelaivi, Arctic America. 

UncmsoNiA unkaris BillingB. See CcetocauluB lineaiis. 

UoKHiaoMtA UHATA Miller. See Lophoepir& (7Seelya) lirsta. 

UiiRCHuoinA LooAMi Hall. See Ccelocsuliu niacroet)inis. 

HiTacHtioinA lonoibpika Hall. See CeelocAulua loogitipirua. 

UracHuoNiA MACKOHpnA Hall. See Ccslocaulus maciospinu. 

HuKHNOKiA MAJowHaU. See Emmotoma? DUkjoT. 

UiTRCBuoNiA MAJOB Whitfield. Bee Hormotoma trantoaenoH. 

MmcBisoKiA MKDiALis Uiller. See Lophoepira medi^lis. 

HimcKiBomA mklaniatobhib Shumaid. See Honuotoma mclaniafonaie. 

HncmaoNiA imiKBi of autbcKs. See Lophoepira bidncta. 

MracxmoNiA mNUTA Hall. See Ectomaria minuta. 

UuKBisoNiA mesisairoi Billinga. See Ectomaria missiaquoi. 

HncKiBoinA HODSstA BiUlngi. See Lopbospli^ modeota. 



842 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

MurchlsonlA?? mohawkensls Gleland. 

MurchlBonia mohawkenBls Gleland, Bull. Amer. FlaL; 3, 1900, p. 126 (254), pi. 15. 

^, 13; ibid., 4, 1903, p. 18. 
Canadian (Tribes Hill): Near Fort Hunter, etc.. New York. 

MuBomsoNiA mulhoruma Miller. Se^Lophoepira tropidophora. 

MuRcmsoNiA MULTivoLVis BilUngs. • See Hormotoma multivolvis. 

MuROHisoNiA Mtutta Blllings. See Lophoepira mylitta. 

MuRcmsoNiA (FusispmA?) obeusca Whitfield. See Hormotoma obelisca. 

MuRcmsoNiA OBTUSA Hall. See CoelocauluB obtusuB. 

MuRGHisoNiA (EHLERTi Miller. See Ooelocaulus oehlerti. 

MuRCHiBONiA owENi Miller. See Lophospira oweni. 

Muroklsoniaff ozarkensls Shumard. 

MurchiBonia ozarkensis Shumard, Trans. St. Louis Acad. Sci., 2, 1863, p. 106. 
Canadian (Yellville): Ozark County, Missouri. 

MuRCHisoNiA (EuNEMA?) PAGODA Whitfield. See Ectomaria prisca. 

MuRCHisoNiA PAFILL08A Billiugs. Soo Lophospira? papiUosa. 

MuRcmsoNiA PERActTTA' Miller. See Lophospira peracuta 

MuRcmsoNiA PERANOULATA Hall. • See Lophospira perangulata. 

MuRcmsoNiA PEBLAMBiJiOSA Miller. See Lophospira perlamellosa. 

MURCHISONIA PETiLA Hall. See Coelocaulus petilus. 

Murchlsoniaf f placida Billings. 

Murchisonia placida Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 235. 
Canadian (Quebec— <}): Cape Norman^ Newfoundland. 

Murchlsonlaff praya Whitfield. 

Murchisonia? prava Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1, 1886, p. 316, pL 

24, fig. 22.— Seely, Vermont State Geol. Rep., 7, 1910, pi. 62, fig. 22. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Fort Cassin, Vermont. 

Murchisonia Procris Billings. See Hormotoma procris. 

Murchisonia?? putUla Sardeson. 

Murchisonia putilla Sardeson, Bull. Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sd., 4, 1896, p. 9^ 

pi. 5, figs. 5, 6; Jour. Geol., 11, 1903, p. 481, fig. 24. 
Ozarkian (Oneota): Near Dresbach and at Stillwater, Minnesota; Blanchards- 

ville, Wisconsin; near Kapidan, Minnesota (?Jordan). * 

MuRomsoNiA QUADBisuLOATA Miller. See Lophospira quadrisulcata. 

Murchisonia buoosa Billings. See Loxonema rugosum. 

Murchisonia saffordi Miller. See Lophospira saffordi. 

Murchisonia sbrrulata Salter. See Lophoepira semilata 

Murchisonia sdculatrix Billings. See Hormotoma simulatrix. 
MuRcmsoNiA soLUTA Whlteaves. See Loxoplocus solutus. 
Murchisonia sororoula Billings. See Lophoepira sorarcula. 



BIBLIOGBAPHIC UST OF QBNEBA AND SPECIES. 843 

MiTBCHUONiA SFIRONBMA Miller. See Lophospira spironema. 
Mttbghisonia stjbabbrxyiata D'Oibigny. See Lophospira subabbreviata. 
MuBCHEflONiA suBFuaiFOBicis Hall. See Fuflifipiia BubfuBLfonniB. 
MuBcmsoNiA suBULATA Cozuad. See HonnoV>ma subulata. 
MviCHisoNiA sxTMNBRBNsis Safford. See Lophoepiia Bumnerensifl. 

linrehtooptalf sylrla BilliiigB. 

MoTchiaonia Sylvia Billings, Pal. Foes., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 190. 
Ozarkian? (Levi fl cara tics): Point LovIb, Quebec. 

MuBcmsoNiA? TEKKBRALifl Hall. See CoelocauluB terebraliB. 

MuBCBisoNiA TERBTiFORMis BUlings. Soo HoTmotoma teretifonnis. 

KuRCHiBONiA TExnLiB Miller. See Schizolopha teztiliB. 

MuBcmsoKiA TRicARiNATA Hall. See Lophospira tricarinata and L. Bemilata. 

MncHisoNiA TROFiDOFHORA Whiteavos. See Loxoplocus solutus. 

Xuehlfloniatt turrlcula Billings. 

Mnrdiiaonia turricula Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1853-66, 1867, 

p. 301; Cat. Sil. Fobs. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 66 (loc. ref.). 
Anticostian (Jupiter River): The Jumpers, Anticosti. 

MuRcsiBONiA TUBRinroBMis Hall. See Coslocaulus turritiformis. 

KcscHiBOKiA UNiANOULATA Hall. Soo Lophospira uuiangulata. 

MuBCHisoNiA UNIANOULATA VBT. ABBHEViATA Hall. See Lophospira abbreviata. 

MuttiHisoNiA VABiANS BiUiugs. Soo Lophospira vadans. 

MarchiBoniat? varicosa Hall. 

Murchiwnia? varicosa Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 42, pi. 10, figs. 7a, b. 
Pleorotomaiia varicosa Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 161. 
Black River (Lowville): Watertown, New Ycffk. 

MuBcmsoNiA VBNTBicosA Hall. See Lophospira ventricosa. 

MuBCHisoKiA VENTBicosA Salter. See Omospira alexandra. 

McscHisoMA VBNTBICOSA Whitfield. See Lophospira conradana. 

MiTBCHiBONiA^ Yesta Billinos. Soo Hormotoma vesta. 

MctcHiBONiA ViTELLiA Billingd. See CoelocauluB vitellia. 

Mubchisonia vhtata Hall. See FuBispira vittata. 

McicHisoNiA wiNNiPEOBNsis Miller. See Hormotoma winnip^ensiB. 

MuRGHDONiA woBTHBNANA Miller. Soo Mourlouia worthenana. 

MrscHiBONiA Xanthifpb Billings. See Ld^hospira Xanthippe. 

Mtalina MTTiLiFORMisHall. Soo Mytllarca mytilifonuis. 
84243**— BnlL 92— vol 2—16 8 



860 BULLETIK 9Z, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Nemagraptus graetlls distans Ruedemaim. 

Nemagraptus gracilis var. diataiiB Ruedemaim, Mem. New York State Hub., U, 

pt. 2, 1908, p. 286, pi. 16, figs. 7, 8; figs. 200, 201. 
Ghazyan (Normanskill): Glemnont, New York. 

Nemagraptus gracilis surcularls (Hall). 

Graptolithus gracilis (part) Hall, 13th Ami. Rep. New York State Gab. Nat. Hist., 
1860, p. 56, figs. 1-4; Can. Org. Rem., Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. ^, 1865, p. 13, 
figs. 1^15. 

Coenograptus surcularis Hall, 20th Ann. Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 
1868, p. 179, figs. 13-16; ibid., rev. ed., 1870, p. 211, figs. 13-16.— Lapworth, 
Cat. West. Scott. Fobs., 1876, pi. 3, fig. 64; Rep. and Proc. Belfast Nat. Field 
Club, 1877, p. 143, pi. 7, fig. 12. 

Stephanograptus surcularis Walcott, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., 10, 1890, p. 338. 

Nemagraptus gracilis var. surcularis Ellee and Wood, Monogr. British Grapt., 
pt. 3, 1903, p. 129, pi. 19, figs. 2ard; fig. 77ar<;. — Ruedemann, Mem. New York 
State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, pp. 282-285, pi. 17, figs. 1, 2; figs. 196, 197. 

Chazyan (Normanskill): Kenwood, Stockport, and Glenmont, New York; Ala- 
bama; Great Britain. 

Pluiotype.-<^t. No. 54263, U.S.N.M. 

NEMAPODIA Emmons. Genotype: N. tenuissima Emmons. 

Nemapodia Emmons, Nat. Hist. New York, Agric, 1, 1846, p. 68. — Hall, Pal. 
New York, 1, 1847, p. 319; Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 2, 1850, p. 268.— 
Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 519. 

Nemapodia tenuissima Emmons. 

Nemapodia tenuissima Emmons, Nat. Hist. New York, Agric, 1, 1846, p. 68, 

pi. 14, fig. 1.— Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 32, footnote.— GeinitE, Neues 

Jahrb. Min., etc., 1861, p. 66. 
Cambrian or Ordovician: Salem, Washington County, New York. 

NEMATOPHTCUS Cairuthers. Genotype: Prototaxites logani Dawson. 

Nematophycus Camithers, Micr. Jour. London, 8, 1872, p. 160. — Roemer, Leth. 
geog., 1 Theil., Leth. Pal., Erste| Lief, 1880, p. 124.— Grabau, Bull. New York 
State Mus., 9, 1901, p. 132; Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 132. 

Nematophycus crassus (Penhallow). 

Nematophyton craasum Penhallow, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 7, sec. 4, 1889, 

p. 23, pi. 1, figs. 2?, 3?, 5, 6; Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 16, 1893, p. 115, pi. 16, 

fig. 3; Canadian Rec. Sci., 7, 1896, p. 156, pi. 2, figs.; p. 155.— Grabau, Bull. 

Geol. Soc. America, 11, 1900, p. 363. 
Nematophycus crassus Grabau, Bull. New York State Mus. , 45, 1901, p. 132; Bull. 

Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 132. 
Devonian: Q^spe and New York. 
Silurian (Akron): Buffalo, New York. 

NxMATOPHTTON CRABBUU Peuhallow. See Nematophycus crassus. 

NEMATOPOBA Uhich. Genotype: N. ovaUsUkich. 

Nematopora XJlrich, Amer. Geol., 1, 1888, p. 234.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, 
p. 313.— Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, pp. 401, 644.— Pocta, Syst. Sil. 
Centre Boheme, 8, pt. 1, 1894, p. 17.— Simpson, 14th Ann. Rep. State Geol. 
New York for 1894, 1897, p. 553.— Uhrich, Zittel's Textb. Pal. (Engl, ed.), 
1896, p. 281.— Nicklee and Bassler, Bull. ]J. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 43.— 
Baasler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 58.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. 
Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 153.— Bassler, BuU. U. S. Nat. Mus., 77, 1911, p. 155* 
Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 348. 



BIBUOQRAPHIG LIST OF GBNEKA AND SPECIES. 845 

MTTILABGA Hall. Genotype: Inoceramus chemungensis Conrad. 

Mytikrca Hall, Prelim. Notice Lam., pt. 2, dec. 1869, p. 19; 23d Bep. New York 
State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1873, pi. 14, figs. 11-13.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1881, 
p. 43.— Hall, Rep. State Geol. New York, 1884, p. 15; Pal. New York, 5, 
pt. 1, Lam. 1, 1884, p. 14; 35th Bep. New York State Mua. Nat. Hist., 1884, 
p. 406d.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 493. 

Mjttlaiea aeutirostra (HaU). 

Ambonychia acutiioetra Hall, 20th Bep. New York State Cab. Hist., 1868, (ex- 
tras, 1865), pp. 336, 381, pi. 14 (5), fig. 2; p. 384; rev. ed., 1870, p. 383, pi. 14, 
fig. 2. — ^Meek and Worthen, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 3, p. 356, pi. 5, figs. 8a, b, 9c.— 
Hall, 28th Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., doc. ed., 1876, pi. 7, fig. 
12; mufl. ed., 1879, p. 171, pi. 7, fig. 12; lltli Ann. Bep. Indiana Dep. Geol. 
Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 314, pi. 27, figs. 28, 29. 

Ifytilarca acutiroetrum Cku'ke and Buedemann. Mem, New York State Mus., 5, 
1903, p. 48, pi. 5, figs. 11, 12. 

Niagaian: Wauwatoaa, Wisconsin; Bridgeport, Illinois (Badne); Shelby, New 
York (Guelph); Waldron, Indiana (Waldron). 

MrrajutcA sduuvormis Clarke and Buedemann. See Streptomjrtilus eduHfonnis. 

M jtllafea foerstel Clarke and Buedemann. 

Mytilarca mytiliformis Foerste (not Hall), Creol. Surv. Ohio Pal., 7, 1893, p. 559, 

pi. 37, figs, lla-c. 
Mytilarca foerstei Clarke and Buedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 5, 1903, 

p. 49. 
Ui^>er Medinan (Braasfield ) : Todds Fork, near Wilmington, Ohio. 

Mjtnmiea mytiliformis (Hall). 

MyalinamytiliformiB Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 100, pi. 30, figs, la^ b, c, d. 
Mytilarca mytiliformis Clarke and Buedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 5, 

1903, p. 49 (gen. ref.). 
Vpper Clinton: Mohawk, New York. 

MrmABCA MTTiLiFOBMis Foerste. See Mytilarca foerstei. 

MytOarcft nltida (Billings). 

Ambonydiia nitida Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 50, pp. 17a-b. 
Ckionyc^ia? nitida TTMch, Amer. Geol., 10, 1892, p. 97 (gen. ref.). 
Anticoetian (Jupiter Biver): Near Jupiter Biver, Anticosti. 

UytOtaem obllqua Weller. 

Mjrtilarca obHqua Weller, Creol. Surv. New Jersey Pal., 3, 1903, p. 245, pi. 22, 

^- 8. 
Helderbeigian (Decker Ferry): Two miles soutii of Tristates, New York. 

Httilabca fernoides Whiteaves. See Stieptomytilus pemoides. 

Mytflarea slgiUa Hall. 

Mytilarca oigilla Hall, 28th Bep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 1875, doc. ed., 
(1877), pi. 27, 6g. 10; mus. ed., 1879, p. 174, pi. 27, fig. 10; 11th Ann. Bep. 
Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 316, pi. 28, fig. 10.— Lesley, Geol. 
Surv. Pennsylvania, Bep. P 4, 1889, p. 473, fig. 
Niagaian (Waldron): Waldron, Indiana. 



846 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

NANNO Clarke. Genotype: N. aulema Clarke. 

Nanno Clarke, Amer. Geol., 14, 1894, pp. 205-208.— Bather, Nat. Sd., 5, 1894, p. 
429.--Clarke, Amer. GeoL, 15, 1895, p. 128.— Holm, Geol. Foren. Stockholm 
Forhandl., 18, 1896, p. 402; Sverigee GeoL Undera., Ser. C, No. 163, 1896, 
p. 11.— Clarke, Geol. Minneeota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 769.— Hyatt, Zittel- 
Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 515.— Buedemann, Boll. New York State 
Mus., 80, 1904, p. 322; ibid., 90, 1906, p. 427.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. 
Index FoBsils, 2, 1910, p. 44.— Hyatt, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pftl., 2d ed., 
1913, p. 596. 

Nanno aulema Clarke. 

Nanno aulema Clarke, Amer. Geol., 15, 1894, p. 207, pi. 6, figs. 1-8. — ^Bather, Nat. 
Sci., 5, 1894, p. 430, fig. 3.— Hyatt, Amer. Geol., 16, 1895, pp. 1-11, pi. 1, 
figs. 1-4.— Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 770, pi. 47, figs. 4-11.— 
Ruedemann, Amer. Geol., 31, 1903, p. 213. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 
Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 45, fig. 1242. 

Endoceras aulema Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 773 (gen. ref.). 

Black Biver (Decorah): Minneapolis and Chatfield, Minnesota. 

Coiy/)««.— Cat. No. 48198, U.S.N.M. 

Nanno klngstonensls Whiteaves. 

Nanno kingstonensis Whiteaves, Amer. Geol., 35, 1905, p. 27, pi. 3. 
Stones River (Pamelia): Near Kingston, Ontario. 

Nanno noveboracum Ruedemann. 

Nanno noveboracum Ruedemann,. Bull. New York State Mus., 90, 1906, p. 427, 

pi. 9, figs. 6, 7. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 45. 
Chazyan (Valcour): Near Chazy, New York. 

Nanno primferus Whiteaves. 

Nanno primsevus Whiteaves, Amer. Geol., 35, 1905, p. 26, pi. 2, figs. 3, 3a, 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Marlborough, Ontario. 

NARTHECOCERAS Hyatt. Genotype: Endoceras crassisiphunatum Whiteaves. 
Narthecoceras Hyatt, Amer. Geol., 16, 1895, p. 2, footnote; Zittel-E^astman Textb. 
Pal., 1, 1900, p. 515; ibid., 2d ed., 1913, p. 596. 

Narthecoceras crasslslphonatum (Whiteaves). 

Endoceras crassisiphonatum Whiteaves, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 9, sec. 4, 1892, 

p. 79, pi. 6, figs. 1-4; pi. 7, fig. 1. — Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 

80, 1905, p. 300, fig. 1. 
Endoceras (Narthecoceras) crassisiphonatum Wliiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. 

Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 204. 
Narthecoceras crassisiphonatum Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Few., 3, 

pt. 4, 1906, p. 344 (gen. ref.). 
Narthecoceras (Endoceras) crassisiphonatum Hyatt, Amer. Geol., 14, 1895, p. 3. 
Black River or Richmond: Lower Fort Garry and East Selkirk, Manitoba. 

Narthecoceras simpsonl (Billings). 

Orthoceras simpsoni Billings in Hind, Narrative Canadian Red River Expl. 

Expd. of 1857 and Assinniboine and Saskatchewan Exped. of 1858, 2, 1860, 

p. 287, fig.— Whiteaves, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 9, sec. 4, 1892, p. 80, pi. 7, 

figs. 2, 3a, 3; pi. 8, fig. 1. 
Narthecoceras (Endoceras) simpsoni Hyatt, Amer. Geol., 16, 1895, p. 3 (gen. ref.). 
Endoceras (Narthecoceras) Simpsoni Wiiteaves, Pal. Fobs. , Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, 

pt. 3, 1897, p. 205. 
Narthecoceras Simpsoni Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 1906, 

p. 344 (gen. ref.). 
Black River or Richmond: Cat Head, etc., Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba. 



BIBUOQBAPHIC LIST OF QBKERA AND SPECIES. 847 

IUOTILU8 BieyniuB. Genotype: N. pompilius Liniueus. 

Hantiihifl Bre3rmus, DisBert Polyth., 1732, p. 11.— IiinniBUB, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 
1758, p. 709.— Hyatt, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 22, 1883, p. 301; Proc. 
Amer. Thil. Soc., 32, 1894, p. 559.— Foord, Gat. Fobs. Ceph. Britiah Mub., 2, 
1891, p. 179.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1881, p. 382.— Hyatt, Zittel-Eastman 
Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 607. 

.^utfliisff arus Banande. 

NautiliB avu8 Barrande, Syst. Sil. du Boheme, 4, 1870, pi. 435, fig. 5. • 
Lower Ordovician: Newfoundland. 

^ADmuB CAi/nvBRus Billings. See Tarphyceras calcifenun. 

Kaatflusft eanoellatus McChesney. 

CyrtoceraB giganteum McChesney, Desc. New Species FoBeilfl, 1860, p. 67. 

lituitee cancellatum McChesney, Desc. New FoBsils, 1861, p. 96 (name proposed 
lor Cyrtoceras giganteum preoccupied); Plates Ulust. New Species FossilB, 
1865, pi. 7, fig. 8; Trans. Chicago Acad. Sci., 1, 1868, p. 51, pL 7, fig. 8. 

litoites occidentalis Hall, Rep. Progr. Geol. Surv. V^sconsin, 1861. 

KantihiB occidentalis Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868, 
p. 363; rev. ed., 1870, p. 400. 

Niaguan (Racine): Joliet, Illinois. 

Nutfliutt empaz (Hall). 

lituitee capax Hall, Rep. Progress Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, 1860, p. 3. 

KantiluB ci^mx Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868, p. 363; 

rev. ed., 1870, p. 400, 
Niagaran (Racine): Waukesha and Racine, Wisconsin. 

NAnaus? chamflainbnsis Whitfield. See Tarphyceras champlainense. 

Kaatflusf r desertiis Billings. 

Nantihis deeertus Billings, Pal. Fobs., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 258. 
Cbaxyan (Quebec — ^L): Point Rich, Newfoundland. 

NaatUiutf feroz Billings. 

Ntatilus ferox Billings, Pal. Fobs., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 351. 
Gnadian (Romaine): Mingan Islands, Canada. 

Naijtil08 HXBCUU58 Billiugs. See Litoceras hercules. 

KAcmcs iNsoLBNs Billiugs. See Litoceras insolens. 

Nautilvs Jabon Billings. See Plectoceras jason. 

NAmLus KKLLOQoi Whitfield. See Eurystomites kelloggi and E. rotundus. 

Nautilus natator Billings. See Barrandeoceras natator. 

NAcmus occiDBNTALis Hall. See Nautilus?? cancellatum. 

Naotaiittf oeesnus Hall. 

Kaotihia Oceanus Hall, 11th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 

325; Trans. Albany Inst., 10, 1883, p. 75. 
Kiagaian (Waldron): Waldron, Indiana. 

NactQiVs fbrkinsi Whitfield. See Tarphyceras perkinsi. 

Nantfliuft pomponlus Billings. 

Nmtiliifl Pomponius Billings, Pal. Fobs., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 26 (adv. 

dieeta, 1862). 
Ouudian (Beekmantown): Phillipabuig, Quebec. 



848 BULLETIN 92, UNITBD STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Nautilus ttrans BillingB. See Plectoceras tynna. 

Nautilus yersutus Billings. See litoceras versutum. 

Nebulip<»ra McCoy. Genotype: N. papillata McCoy. 

Nebulipoia McCoy, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 2d sot., 6, 1850, p. 282; British Pal. 

FosB., 1852, p. 22; Cont. British Pal., 1854, p. 168.— Salter, Cat. Camb. Sil. 

Foss., 1873, p. 108.— Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5 1882, p. 155.— 

Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 198. 

Observation. — ^Nothing has been added to McCoy's original descriptions. The 

genus, apparently monticuliporoid in its structure, not having been characterized 

with the precision necesaary for modem purposes, has not been used by recent 

writers. 

Nelimenia Castelnau. Genot3rpe: N. incognita Castelnau. 

Nelimenia Castelnau, Essai Syst. Sil. TAmerique Septent., 1843, p. 33. 

Observation. — Not recognized. Based probably upon a fragment of Fhragmo- 
ceras or Oncoceras. 

Nelimenia incognita Castelbau. Not recognized. 

Nelimenia incognita Castelnau, Essai Syst. Sil. TAmerique Septent., 1843, p. 33, 

pi. 10, Gg, 4. 
Ordovidan: Falls of Montmorency River, Canada. 
Observation. — ^Probably the same as Oncoceras constrictum Hall. 

Nbmaobapsus oafillabis Emmons. See Thamnograptus capillaris. 

Nbmaobapsus slbqans Emmons. See Nemagraptus gracilis. 

NEMAGBAPTUS Emmons. Genot3rpe: N. elegans Ehnmons. 

Nemagrapsus Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt 2, 1855, p. 109. 

Nemagraptus Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 511, footnote; 13th Rep. New York 
State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1860, p. 56, footnote.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 
298.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 198.— Wiman, Bull. Geol. Inst. Univ. 
Upsala, 2, pt. 2, 1896, p. 266.— Elles and Wood, Mon. British Grapt., Pal. Soc., 
1903, pp. zxxviii, 125.— Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 
1908, p. 274; Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 130. 

CoenograptusHall, 20th Rep. New York StateCab. Nat. Hist., 1868, footnote, p. 179, 
pp. 217, 236; rev. ed., 1870, p. 251.— Nicholson, Mon. British Grapt., 1872, 
p. 112.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 298.— TuUberg, Sveriges Geol. 
Unders., sec. C, No. 55, 1883, p. 12.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., Ist App., 1892, 
p. 668.— Wiman, Bull. Geol. Inst. Univ. Upsala, 2, pt. 2, 1896, p. 266— 
Eoken, Die Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 328. — ^Walther, Zeits d. d. geoL 
Gesell., 49, 1897, p. 251.— Roemer and Freeh, Leth. geog., 1 Theil, Leth. 
Pal., 1, 3 Lief., 1897, p. 584.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 
1906, p. 28. (Genotype: Graptolithus gracilis Hall.) 

Helicograpsus Nicholson, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 2, 1868, p. 23. (Geno- 
type: G. gracilis Hall.) 

Stephanograptus Geinitz, Neues Jahrb. Min., etc., 1866, p. 124. (Genotype: G. 
graciUB Hall.) 

Nemagraptus extlls (Lapworth). 

Coenograptus exilis Lapworth, MS. Rep., 1890. 

Stephanograptus exilis (Lapworth) Gurley, Jour. Geol., 4, 1896, p. 68, 101. 

Nemagraptus exilis Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, pp. 

287-290, pi. 17, figs. 3, 5, 8, 9, figs. 202, 203. 
Chazyan (Normanskill) : Glenmont and Stockport, New York. 
Ptetio(yp«f.— Cat. No. 54250, U.S.N.M. 



BIBUOQBAPHIO UST OF OB2!nBR4 AND 8PB0IE8. 849 

!ffg¥i>ptii8 «illl8 Unearts Ruedemann. 

Nemagmptiifl exiHs var. linearis Ruedemann, Mem. New Yoik State Mus., 11, pt; 

2, 1906, pp. 290, 291, pi. 17, figs. 10-12, figs. 204, 205. 
Ghacyan (NormanakiU): Speigletown, Stockport, Kenwood, etc., New Yodc. 

HMia^riptus graeUis (Hall). 

Gnptolithiisgracilia Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 274, pi. 74, figs. 6a-d; 12th 
Ann. Rep. New Y(»k State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1869, p. 68, fig. 10; Pal. New 
Yc^ 3, 1859, p. 510, figs. 1-5; pi. 512, ^. 6; p. 613, fig. 7; 13th Ann. Rep. 
New Ycffk State Cab. Nat Hist., 1860, p. 56, igfi. 6, 7; Geol. Surv. Canada, 
dec 2, 1865, pp. 13, 14, figs. 16-18.— Bailey, Mem. Qeol. Surv. Ireland, sheet 
133, 1866, p. 12, &g. 8; Dublin Quart Jour. Sci., 2, 1862, p. 316, pi. 22; figs. 
5a-c.— Walcott, Trans. Albany Inst., 10, 1883 (adv. sheets, 1879), p. 35.— 
Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 265, tig$, 

Stpphanogr^tus gracilis Geinitz, Neuee Jahrb. Min., etc., 1866, p. 124.— Walcott, 
BulL Geol. Soc. Amer., 1, 1890, p. 338. 

Helicogiapsus (Graptdithus) gracH^ Nicholson, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 
1, 1868, p. 56, pi. 3, Gg. 15. 

Helicograptus gracilis Dodge, Amer. Jour. Sd., 3d ser., 40, 1890, p. 153. 

Oadogi^peus gracilis OamitherB, Geol. Mag., 5, 1868, p. 130. 

Gcmograptus gracilis Hall, New York State Cab. Nat Hist., 20th Ann. Rep., 1868, 
pp. 179, 180, figs. 13-19; p. 226; rev. ed., p. 211, figs. 17-19.— Lapworth, Cat. 
West Scott. Foes., 1876, p. 5, pi. 3, fig. 65; Belfast Nat Field dub, Rep. and 
Roc., App., 1877, p. 142, pi. 7, ^, 11.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, Munich, 1879, 
p. 293, ^, 198; p. 298, f^. 203.— Tullbeig, Sver. Geol. Unden., ser. C, No. 
50, 1882, p. 20.— Hemnann, Nyt. Mag. f . Naturvidensk, 27, 1885, p. 359, pi. 2, 
fig. 21.— Lapworth, Roy. Soc. Canada, Ptoc. and Trans., 4, 1887, p. 178f, 
p. 169. — Gurley, Geol. Surv. Ark. Ann. Rep., 3, 1892, p. 408.— Roemer and 
Freeh, Leth. Geog., 1 Theil, Leth. Pal., 1, 1897, p. 584, ^. 155.— Hall, Geol. 
Mi«., n. s., dec. 4, 6, 1899, p. 445.— Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 
42, 1901, p. 528; ibid., 52, 1902, p. 583, ^. 13.— Clark, Geol. Mag., 4th ser. 
9, 1902, p. 498.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1902, p. 53; ibid., 
190S, p. 214, pi. 16, ^. 19.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Foaails, 1, 1906, 
p. 28, fig. 40. 

Conograptus (Helicograptus) gracilis Nicholson, Monog. British Grapt., 1872, p. 
45, fig. 14; p. 113, ^. 55; p. 66, ^. 35. 

Ifooogtaptus gracilis Whitfield, Amer. Jour. Sci., 3d ser., 26, 1883, p. 380. 

KemagraptuB gracilis Elles and Wood, Monogr. British Grapt., pt. 3, 1903, p. 127, 
pi. 19, figs, la-f; fig. 76a, b.— Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, 
pt. 2, 1908, pp. 277-282, pi. 16, figs. 1-4, 9; figs. 191, p. 276; 192-195, p. 279. 

Bsilrites bazxandi Harknees, Geol. Soc. Quart. Jour., 11, 1855, p. 475. 

Nemagraptus elegans Emmons, Amer. Qeology, 1, pt. 2, 1856, p. 109, pi. 1» fig. 6. 

Ottcyan (Normanskill): Kenwood, Glenmont, Stockport, etc., New York; New 
Jeney; Maine; Canada; Tennessee; Arkansas. 

Oidovician: Wales, Sweden, Scotland (Glenkill); Australia. 

UmaftmptQB gracilis approilmatus Ruedemann. 

Kemagraptus gracilis var. approximatus Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 

U, pt 2, 1908, p. 287, pi. 16, figs. 5, 6. 
CSiaxyan (Normanskill): Kenwood and Glenmont, New York. 

K«ifraptiis gracilis crasslcaulis (Gurley). 

Stqihanogiaptus crasncaulis Guriev, Jour. Geol., 4, 1896, p. 68. 

Nemagraptus gracilis var. crassicaulis Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 

11, pt 2, 1908, pp. 285, 286, fig. 199. 
Oasyan (Normannkill): Stockport, New York. 



860 BULUSTIN 9St, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Nemagraptus graetlls distans Ruedemann. 

Nemagraptus gracilis var. diataiiB Ruedemann , Mem. New York State Hub., U, 

pt. 2, 1908, p. 286, pi. 16, figs. 7, 8; figs. 200, 201. 
Ghazyan (Normanskill): Glenmont, New York. 

Nemagraptus graetlls surcularls (Hall). 

Graptolithus gracilis (part) Hall, 13th Ann. Rep. New York State Gab. Nat. Hiat, 
1860, p. 56, figs. 1-4; Can. Org. Rem., Geol. Snrv. Canada, dec. 2, 1865, p. 13, 
figs. 1^15, 

Coenograptus surcularls Hall, 20th Ann. Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 
1868, p. 179, figs. 13-16; ibid., rev. ed., 1870, p. 211, figs. 13-16. — ^Lapworth, 
Cat. West. Scott. Foes., 1876, pi. 3, fig. 64; Rep. and Proc. Belfast Nat. Field 
Club, 1877, p. 143, pi. 7, fig. 12. 

Stephanograptus surcularis Walcott, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., 10, 1890, p. 338. 

Nemagraptus gracilis var. surcularis Ellee and Wood, Monogr. British Grapt., 
pt. 3, 1903, p. 129, pi. 19, figs. 2a-d; fig. 77ar-c. — Ruedemann, Mem. New York 
State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, pp. 282-285, pi. 17, figs. 1, 2; figs. 196, 197. 

Chazyan (Normanskill): Kenwood, Stockport, and Glenmont, New York; Ala- 
bama; Great Britain. 

Ptefiofyp*.— Cat. No. 54263, U.S.N.M. 

NEMAPODIA Emmons. Genotype: N. tenuissima Emmons. 

Nemapodia Emmons, Nat. Hist. New York, Agric, 1, 1846, p. 68. — Hall, Pal. 
New York, 1, 1847, p. 319; Pioc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 2, 1850, p. 258.— 
Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 519. 

Nemapodia tenuissima Emmons. 

Nemapodia tenuissima Emmons, Nat. Hist. New York, Agric, 1, 1846, p. 68, 

pi. 14, fig. 1.— Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 32, footnote.— GeinitE, Neues 

Jahrb. Min., etc., 1861, p. 66. 
Cambrian or Ordovician: Salem, Washington Coimty, New York. 

NEMATOPHTCUS Cainithers. Genotype: Prototaxites logani Dawson. 

Nematophycus Carruthers, Micr. Jour. London, 8, 1872, p. 160. — Roemer, Letfa. 
geog., 1 Theil., Leth. Pal., Erstel Lief, 1880, p. 124.— Grabau, Bull. New York 
State Mus., 9, 1901, p. 132; Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 132. 

Nematophycus erassus (Penhallow). 

Nematophyton crassum Penhallow, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 7, sec. 4, 1889, 

p. 23, pi. 1, figs. 2?, 3?, 5, 6; Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 16, 1893, p. 115, pi. 16, 

fig. 3; Canadian Rec. Sci., 7, 1896, p. 156, pi. 2, figs.; p. 155.— Grabau, Bull. 

Geol. Soc. America, 11, 1900, p. 363. 
Nematophycus erassus Grabau, Bull. New York State Mus. , 45, 1901, p. 132; Bull. 

Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 132. 
Devonian: Gaspe and New York. 
Silurian (Akron): Buffalo, New York. 

NxMATOPHTTON CBA88UM Peuhallow. See Nematophycus erassus. 

NEMATOPOBA XHrich. Genotype: N. ovalis XJlridi. 

Nematopora Ulrich, Amer. Geol., 1, 1888, p. 234.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, 
p. 313.— Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, pp. 401, 644.— Pocta, Syst. Sil. • 
Centre Boheme, 8, pt. 1, 1894, p. 17.— Simpson, 14th Ann. Rep. State Geol. 
New York for 1894, 1897, p. 553.— IHrich, ZittePs Textb. Pal. (Engl, ed.), 
1896, p. 281.— Nicklee and Bassler, Bull. JJ. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 43.- 
Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 58.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A 
Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 153.— Bassler, BuU. U. S. Nat. Mus., 77, 19U, p. 156* 
Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 348. 



BIBUOOBAPHIO UST OF GBKBBA AKD SPBGIB8. 857 

IflLBUS— Continaed. 

Die Leitfoflnlien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 28.— Schmidt, Mem. TAcad. Imp. Sd. 
St. Patenbuig, 8th sor., 6, 1898, pp. 11, 45.— Beecher, Zittel-Eastman, Textb. 
Pal., 1, 1900, p. 630.— Lindstrom, Kongl. Sven. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 34, No. 
8, 1901, pp. 26, 61.— Schmidt, Mem. TAcad. Imp. Sd. St. Peterabuig, 8th 
aer., 14, No. 10, 1904, p. 63.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, 
p. 299.— Slocom, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Geol. Serv., 4, No. 3, 1913, p. 52.— 
Raymond, Trans, and Proc. Roy. Soc. Canada, 5, 3d ser., sec. 4, 1912, p. 116: 
Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 719. 

NDmui aflnla Billings. 

Nileus affinis Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 275, &g. 261.— 

Raymond, Trans, and Proc. Roy. Soc. Canada, 3d ser., 5, sec. 4, 1912, p. 120, 

pi. 3, fig. 4. 
Canadian: Cow Head, Newfoundland (Quebec — ^P); Isle of Orleans and Point 

Levis, Quebec. 

KHeus macrops Billings. 

Nileufl macropfl Billings, Pal. Foas., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 273, Sig, 259.— 

MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 557, fig. 1034. 
Chazyan (Quebec — N): Table Head, Newfoimdland. 

NDeiia perklnsl Raymond. 

Nikus perkinsi Ra3rmond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 7, 1910, p. 69, pi. 18, figs. 7-8; 
7th Rep. Vermont State Geol., 1910, p. 224, pi. 38, figs. 7-8.— Perkins, Rep. 
Yennont State Geol., 8th ser., 1912, pi. 18, figs. 7, 8.— Raymond, Trans, and 
Proc. Roy. Soc. Canada, 3d ser., 5, sec. 4, 1912, p. 119, pi. 2, fig. 8; pi. 3, 
fig.l. 
Chasyan (Yalcour): Isle La Motte, Vermont. 

NBeos aenitator Billings. 

Nikue scrutator Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 274, fig. 260. 
Chazyan (Quebec— N, P): Table Head and P. Portland Creek, Newfoundland. 

NOeas strlatus Whitfield. 

Kileus striatus Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 9, 1897, p. 184, pi. 5, figs. 

5, 6.— Seely, Vermont State Geol., Rep. 7, 1910, pi. 55, figs. 5, 6. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Fort Cassin, Vermont. 

NOeiis vigllaiis (Meek and Worthen). 

Asaphus (Isotelus) vigilans Meek and Worthen, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Philadel- 
phia, 1870, p. 53; Geol. Surv. Illinois, 6, 1875, p. 497, pi. 23, fig. 6. 

nisnufl (Nileus) minnesotensis Foerste, 15th Rep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minne- 
sota, 1886, p. 478, fig. 1. 

NUeus vigilans Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 712, figs. 17-19. — 
Schuchert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 22, 1900, p. 173.— Grabau and Shimer, 
N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 299, ^. 1610c, d.— Finch, Proc. Iowa Acad. 
Sd., U, 1904, p. 179, pi. 14.— Slocom, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Geol. Ser., 4, 
No. 3, 1913, p. 52, pi. 14, figs. 9-15. 

Richmond (Maquoketa): Carrol and Osage Counties, Illinois; Iowa. 

Black River and Trenton: Minnesota, Baffin Land, etc. 

PUb^pet.— Cat. No. 41913, U.S.N .M. (Clarke). 

NioBS Macooti Freeh. See Dolichometopus maccoyi. 

NIPTHESLLA Hinde. Genotype: Calathium? paradoxicum Billings. 

N^terella Hinde, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 45, 1889, p. 144.~Rauff. 
Fidssontogn^hica, 40, 1894, p. 241. 



842 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Murchlsonlaff mohawkensLai Cleland. 

Murchlflonia mohawkeDslfi Cleland, Bull. Amer. FaL; 3, 1900, p. 126 (254), pi. 15. 

fig. 13; ibid., 4, 1903, p. 18. 
Canadian (Tribee Hill): Near Fort Hunter, etc.. New York. 

MuBcmsoNiA mulhoruma Miller. Se^Lophoepiia tropidophora. 

MuRCHisoNiA MTTLTivoLVis BilUngs. • See Hormotoma midtivolvis. 

MuRomsoNiA Mtlitta Billings. See Lophospira mylitta. 

MuRcmsoNiA (FusispiRA?) OBBLEscA Whitfield. See Hormotoma obelisca. 

MuRcmsoNiA OBTUSA Hall. See Coelocaulus obtusus. 

MuRcmsoNiA (BHLERTi Miller. See Coelocaulus oehlerti. 

MuRcmsoNiA owBNi Miller. See Lophospira oweni. 

Murcklsoniaff ozarkensls Shumard. 

Murchisonia ozarkensls Shiunard, Trans. St. Louis Acad. Sci., 2, 1863, p. 106. 
Canadian (Yellville): Ozark County, Missouri. 

MuBcmsoNiA (EuNEMA?) PAOODA Whitfield. See Ectomaria prisca. 

Murchisonia pafillosa Billings. See Lophospira? papiUosa. 

Murchisonia pbracuta* Miller. See Lophospira peracuta 

Murchisonia pbranoulata Hall. • See Lophospira perangulata. 

Murchisonia pbrlambixosa Miller. See Lophospira perlamellosa. 

Murchisonia petila Hall. See Coelocaulus petilus. 

Murchlsonlaff placlda Billings. 

Murchisonia placlda Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 235. 
Canadian (Quebec— G): Cape Norman, Newlotindland. 

Murohlsoniaff praya Whitfield. 

Murchisonia? prava Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1, 1886, p. 316, pL 

24, fig. 22.— Seely, Vermont State Geol. Rep., 7, 1910, pi. 62, fig. 22. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Fort Cassin, Vermont. 

Murchisonia Procrib Billings. See Hormotoma procris. 

Murchlsonlaff putiUa Sardeson. 

Murchisonia putiUa Sardeson, Bull. Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sd., 4, 1896, p. 96» 

pi. 5, figs. 5, 6; Jour. Geol., 11, 1903, p. 481, fig. 24. 
Ozarkian (Oneota): Near Dresbach and at Stillwater, Minnesota; Blaochards- 

ville, Wisconsin; near Kapidan, Minnesota (?Jordan). * 

Murchisonia quadbisuloata Miller. See Lophospira quadrisulcata. 

Murchisonia ruoosa Billings. See Loxonema rugosum. 

Murchisonia saffordi Miller. See Lophospira saffordi. 

Murchisonia sbrrulata Salter. See Lophospira semilata 

Murchisonia simulatrix Billings. See Hormotoma simulatrix. 
Murchisonia soluta Whiteaves. See Loxoplocus solutus. 
Murchisonia sobobcula BiUings. See Lophospira sororcula. 



BIBLIOOBAPHIG LIST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 843 

IfxracHiBONiA spiRONBMA Miller. See Lophospira spironema. 
MusomBONiA suBABBRBTiATA D'Oibigny. See Lophospira subabbreviata. 
MuscHisoNiA suBFUSivoBiiis Hall. See Fusbpira subfiuiformis. 
MuBOHisoNiA STTBULATA Coniad. See Honno^ma subulata. 
MuBGHisoNiA 817HNBRBNSIS Saflord. See Lophosplra sumiierensis. 

MutlilaoiiUf f sylrta BillixigB. 

MurchiBonia Sylvia Billings, Pal. Foss., I, (leol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 100. 
Ozarkian? (Levis— erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

MuBCHisoNiA? TEREBRALis Hall. See Coelocaulus terobralls. 

MuBCHiBONiA TERETiFORMis BllUngs. See HoTmotoma teretifomiis. 

MuBCHisoNiA TBXTiLia Miller. See Schizolopha textilis. 

MuBcmsoNiA TRicAKiNATA Hall. See Lophoepira tricarinata and L. semilata. 

MuBCHisoNiA TROPEDOFHORA Whlteaves. See Loxoplocus solutus. 

Marchlsonlmf f turricula Billings. 

Murchisonia turricula Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1858-66, 1867, 

p. 301; Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 66 (loc. ref.). 
Andcostian (Jupiter River): The Junipers, AnticostL 

MuRCHisoNiA TURBTnpoBMis Hall. See Ccelocaulus turritlfonnis. 

MuRCBiBONiA uNiANOuiiATA Hall. See Lophoflplra uuiangulata. 

MuRCHisoNiA UNIANOULATA vBT. ABBBBViATA Hall. Soo Lophospini abbrevittta. 

MuBCHisoNiA VABIAN8 BilUngs. See Lophospira variaus. 

Xarehlsonlaf f varloosa Hall. 

Morchi^nia? varicosa Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 42, pi. 10, figs. 7a, b. 
PleuTotomaria varicosa Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 161. 
Black River (Lowville): Watertown, New York. 

HcBCHisoNiA VBMTBicoBA Hall. Soo Lophosplra ventiicosa. 

MuBCHisoNiA VENTBIC08A Salter. See Omospira alexandra. 

MuscHisoNiA VENTBI008A Whitfield. See Lophospira conradana. 

MuBcmsoNiA^ Vesta Billinos. See Hormotoma vesta. 

MuBcmsoNiA VrrBLUA Billinge. See Ccelocaulus vitellia. 

MuBcmsoNiA vnTATA Hall. See Fueispira vittata. 

MiTRCHisoNiA wiNKiPEOENsis Miller. Soo Hormotoma winnipegensis. 

MxTBCHiBONiA woBTHENANA Miller. See Mourlouia wortheuaua. 

McBCHisoNiA Xanthifpb Billlngs. See Ldt>ho6pira Xanthippe. 

Mtauna mttilitormis Hall. See Mytilarca my tiliformis. 
84243*— Bull. 02— vol 2—15 



844 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

MTELODACTTLUS Hall. Genotype: M. convolotiia Hall. 

Myelodactylus Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1862, p. 101.— Angelin, Icon. Grinoid. Suec., 
1878, p. 11.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 354.--Wachana1h and Springer, 
Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1879, p. 369 (Rev. Pal., pt. 1, p. 146).— 
Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 3, 1880, p. 142. — ^Nidiolaon and 
Etheridge, Mon. Sil. Fof». Girvan Dist, 1880, p. 330.— Miller, N. A. Geol. 
Pal., 1889, p. 262; 2d Ap^)., 1897, p. 749.— Weller, Bull. Chicago Acad. ScL, 
Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 1, 1900, p. 45, 68.— Wachamuth, Zittel-Eastmaii 
Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 153. 
HerpetocrinuB Salter, Cat. Camb. and Sil. Foss., 1873, p. 118. — NichobcHi and 
Etheridge, Mon. Sil. Fosb. Girvan Diet., 1880, p. 331.— Bather, Kongl. Sv. 
Vet. Akad. Handl., 25, No. 2, 1893, pp. 21, 36, pis. 1, 2, figs. 24r-78; fig. 12; 
Amer. Geol., 16, 1895, p. 214; Nat. Sd., 12, 1898, p. 339; Treatise on Zool., pt 
3, Echinoderma, London, 1900, p. 146, fig. 49.— Zittel, Gnmdzuge Pal., 1, 
1910, p. 151.— Springer, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1913, p. 212. (Geno- 
type: H. fletcheri Salter). 

Myelodaetylns braehlatua Hall. 

Myelodactylus brachiatus Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 232, pi. 45, figs. 7ft-€. 
Clinton (Rochester): Lockport, New York. 

Myelodaetyina brldgeportensts Miller. 

Myelodactylus bridgeportensb Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 3, 1880, 
p. 141, pi. 4, figs. 2, 2ar-c; N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 262, fig. 368.— Weller, 
Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 1, 1900, p. 69, pi. 15, figs. 1-2. 

Niagaran (Racine): Bridgeport, Illinois. 

Myelodaetylna conTolntus Hall. 

Myelodactylus convolutus Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 193, pi. 42, figs. 5a, b; 
6a-h.— Nicholson and Etheridge, Mon. Sil. Foss. Girvan Dist., 1880, p. 331. 
Clinton (Rochester): Lockport, New York. 

Myelodactylus gorbyl Miller. 

Myelodactylus gorbyi Miller, 17th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Res., 1892, 
p. 682, pi. 11, figs. 6, 7 (adv. sheets, 1891, p. 72); N. A. GeoL Pal., 2d. App., 
1897, p. 749, fig. 1365. 
Niagaran (Waldron): Near Nashville (Newsom), Tennessee. 

MTBIANITBS MacLeay. Genotype: M. macleaii Murchison. 

Myrianites MacLeay, Murcfaiaon's Sil. Syst., p. 700; Ann. Nat. Hist., 4 1840, 
p. 387.— Richter, Zeita. d. d. geol. Gesell., 1, 1849, p. 457; ibid., 5, 1853, 
450.— McCoy, British Pal. Rocks and Foss., 1854, p. 129.— Nicholson and 
Etheridge, Mon. Sil. Foss. Girvan Dist., 1880, p. 305.— Miller, N. A. Geol. 
Pal., 1889, p. 519. 

Myrianites mnrehlaonl Emmons. 

Myrianites murchisoni Emmons, Nat. Hist. New York Agric, 1, 1846, p. 69, pi. 

16, fig. 1. 
Ordovician(?): Waterville, Maine. 

Myrianites sllllmani Emmons. 

Myrianites sillimani Emmons, Nat. Hist. New York Agric, 1, 1846, p. 69, pi. 16, 

^' 5. 
Ordovician(?): Waterville, Maine. 



BIBUOGBAPHIO U8T OF GENEBA AND SPECIES. 845 

MTTILABCA Hall. Crenotype: Inoceramiis chemungenBia Conrad. 

Mytilarca Hall, Prelim. Notice Lam., pt. 2, dec. 1869, p. 19; 23d Bep. New York 
State Cab. Nat. Hist, 1873, pi. 14, figs. 11-13.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1881, 
p. 43.— Hall, Rep. State Geol. New York, 1884, p. 15; Pal. New York,. 6, 
pt. 1, Lam. 1, 1884, p. 14; 35th Bep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 1884, 
p. 406d.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 493. 

Mytflarea aeoOrostra (Hall). 

Ambonychia acutirostra Hall, 20th Bep. New York State Cab. Hist., 1868, (ex- 
tow, 1865), pp. 336, 381, pi. 14 (5), fig. 2; p. 384; rev. ed., 1870, p. 383, pi. 14, 
fig. 2. — ^Meek and Worthen, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 3, p. 356, pi. 5, figs. 8a, b, 9c. — 
Hall, 28Ui Bep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., doc. ed., 1875, pi. 7, ^. 
12; mus. ed., 1879, p. 171, pi. 7, fig. 12; 11th Ann. Bep. Indiana Dep. Geol. 
Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 314, pi. 27, f^. 28, 29. 

Mytilarca acutirostrum Cliurke and Buedemann. Mem, New York State Mus., 5, 
1903, p. 48, pi. 5, figs. 11, 12. 

Niagaran: Wauwatoea, Wisconsin; Bridgeport, lUinois (Bacine); Shelby, New 
York (Guelph); Waldron, Indiana (Waldron). 

MmLABCA EDUUFOBMis Clarke and Buedemann. See Streptomytilus eduliformis. 

Mytflarea foerstel Clarke and Buedemann. 

Mytilarca mytilifornus Foeiste (not Hall), Geol. Surv. Ohio Pal., 7, 1893, p. 559, 

pi. 37, ^. lla-c. 
Mytilarca foerstei Clarke and Buedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 5, 1903, 

p. 49. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield) : Todds Fork, near Wilmington, Ohio. 

MytlUres mytfllformls (HaU). 

Myalina mytiliformis Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 100, pi. 30, figs, la^ b, c, d. 
Mytilarca mytiliformis Clarke and Buedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 5, 

1903, p. 49 (gen. ref.). 
Upper Clinton: Mohawk, New York. 

Mthlabca MmiiiTOBMis FoeiBte. See Mytilarca foerstei. 

Mytflares nitida (BillingB). 

Ambonychia nitida Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 50, pp. 17a-b. 
Cleionychia? nitida Ulrich, Amer. Geol., 10, 1892, p. 97 (gen. ref.). 
Anticostian (Jupiter Biver): Near Jupiter Kiver, Anticosti. 

MyUUrea obliqua Weller. 

Mytilarca obliqua Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey Pal., 3, 1903, p. 245, pi. 22, 

^^ 8. 
Helderbeigian (Decker Ferry): Two miles south of Trlstates, New York. 

MrriLARCA FERNOIDE8 Whiteaves. See Streptomytilus pemoidee. 

Mytllarea sfgOla HaU. 

Mytilarca sigilla Hall, 28th Bep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 1875, doc. ed., 
(1877), pi. 27, ^, 10; mus. ed., 1879, p. 174, pL 27, ^. 10; 11th Aim. Bep. 
Indiana Dep. Creol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 316, pi. 28, fig. 10.— Lesley, Geol. 
Surv. Pennsylvania, Bep. P 4, 1889, p. 473, f^. 
Niagaian (Waldron): Waldron, Indiana. 



846 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

NANNO Clarke. Genotype: N. aulema Clarke. 

Nanno Clarke, Amer. GeoL, 14, 1894, pp. 205-208.— Bather, Nat. Sd., 5, 1894, p. 
429.— Clarke, Amer. Geol., 15, 1895, p. 128.— Holm, Geol. Foren. Stockholm 
Forhandl., 18, 1896, p. 402; Sveriges Geol. Unders., Ser. C, No. 163, 1896, 
p. 11.— Clarke, Geol. Minneeota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 769.— Hyatt, Zittel- 
Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 515.— Buedemann, Bull. New York State 
Mob., 80, 1904, p. 322; ibid., 90, 1906, p. 427.— <jrabau and Shimer, N. A. 
Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 44.— Hyatt, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 
1913, p. 596. 

Nanno aulema Clarke. 

Nanno aulema Clarke, Amer. Geol., 15, 1894, p. 207, pi. 6, figs. 1-8. — ^Bather, Nat. 
Sci., 5, 1894, p. 430, fig. 3.— Hyatt, Amer. Geol., 16, 1895, pp. 1-11, pi. 1, 
figs. 1-4.— Clarke, Geol. Minneeota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 770, pi. 47, figs. 4-11.— 
Kuedemann, Amer. Geol., 31, 1903, p. 213. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 
Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 45, ^. 1242. 

Endoceras aulema Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 773 (gen. ref.). 

Black Biver (Decorah): Minneapolis and Chatfield, Minnesota. 

Co«ype«.— Cat. No. 48198, U.S.N.M. 

Nanno kingstonensts Whiteaves. 

Nanno kingstonensis Whiteaves, Amer. Geol., 35, 1905, p. 27, pi. 3. 
Stones Biver (Pamelia): Near Kingston, Ontario. 

Nanno noreboracum Buedemann. 

Nanno noveboracum Buedemann, Bull. Ne\/ York State Mus., 90, 1906, p. 427, 

pi. 9, figs. 6, 7. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 45. 
Chazyan (Valcour): Near Chazy, New York. 

Nanno prim»YUS Whiteaves. 

Nanno primsevus Whiteaves, Amer. Geol., 35, 1905, p. 26, pi. 2, figs. 3, 3a. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Marlborough, Ontario. 

NABTHECOCEBAS Hyatt. Genotype: Endoceras crassisiphonatum Whiteaves. 
Narthecoceras Hyatt, Amer. Geol., 16, 1895, p. 2, footnote; Zittel-Eastman Textb. 
Pal., 1, 1900, p. 515; ibid., 2d ed., 1913, p. 596. 

Narthecoceras crassisiphonatum (Whiteaves). 

Endoceras crassisiphonatum Whiteaves, Trans. Boyal Soc. Canada, 9, sec. 4, 1892, 

p. 79, pi. 6, figs. 1-4; pi. 7, fig. 1. — ^Buedemann, Bull. New York State Hub., 

80, 1905, p. 300, fig. 1. 
Endoceras (Narthecoceras) crassisiphonatum Whiteaves, Pal. Foes., Geol. Surv. 

Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 204. 
Narthecoceras crassisiphonatum Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Fobs., 3, 

pt. 4, 1906, p. 344 (gen. ref.). 
Narthecoceras (Endoceras) crassisiphonatum Hyatt, Amer. Geol., 14, 1895, p. 3. 
Black Biver or Bichmond: Lower Fort Garry and East Selkirk, Manitoba. 

Narthecoceras stmpsonl (Billings). 

Orthoceras simpsoni Billings in Hind, Narrative Canadian Bed Biver Expl. 

Expd. of 1S57 and Assinniboine and Saskatchewan Exped. of 1858, 2, 1860, 

p. 287, fig.— Whiteaves, Trans. Boyal Soc. Canada, 9, sec. 4, 1892, p. 80, pi. 7, 

figs. 2, 3a, 3; pi. 8, fig. 1. 
Narthecoceras (Endoceras) simpsoni Hyatt, Amer. Geol., 16, 1895, p. 3 (gen. ref.). 
Endoceras (Narthecoceras) Simpsoni T^Hiiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, 

pt. 3, 1897, p. 205. 
Narthecoceras Simpsoni Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 1906, 

p. 344 (gen. ref.). 
Black Biver or Bichmond: Cat Head, etc., Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba. 



BIBUOQRAPHIC LIST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 847 

KIutllUS BieynioB. Genotype: N. pompiliua Limueus. 

NaixtihiB Breynius, Dissert Polyth., 1732, p. 11.— Liim«U8, Syet. Nat., ed. 10, 
1758, p. 709. — ^Hyatt, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 22, 1883, p. 301; Proc. 
Amer. Riil. Soc., 32, 1894, p. 669.— Foord, Cat. Foes. Ceph. British Mus., 2, 
1891, p. 179.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1881, p. 382.— Hyatt, Zittel-Eastman 
Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 607. 

Kiotfliisff anis Barrande. 

NaatiHs avus Barrande, Syst. Sil. du Boheme, 4, 1870, pi. 435, fig. 5. 
Lover Ordovician: Newfoundland. 

Nactilus CAiiCiFSBUB BilHngs. See Tarphyceras calcifenun. 

HtutflasT? emnoeUatus McChesney. 

Oyrtoceraa giganteum McChesney, Desc. New Species Fossils, 1860, p. 67. 

lituitee cancellatum McChesney, Desc. New Fossils, 1861, p. 96 (name proposed 
for Cyrtoceras giganteum preoccupied); Plates lUust. New Species Fossils, 
1865, pi. 7, fig. 8; Trans. Chicago Acad. Sci., 1, 1868, p. 51, pi. 7, ^. 8. 

lituitee occid^italis Hall, Rep. Progr. GeoL Surv. Wisconsin, 1861. 

Nautilus occidentalis Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868, 
p. 363; rev. ed., 1870, p. 400. 

Kiagaran (Racine): Joliet, Illinois. 

Naatlliisf f capmx (Hall). 

lituitee capax Hall, Rep. Progress (jeol. Surv. Wisconsin, 1860, p. 3. 

Nantilufl capax Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat, Hist., 1868, p. 363; 

rev. ed., 1870, p. 400. 
Niagaran (Racine): Waukesha and Racine, Wisconsin. 

Nautilus? champlaikbnsis Whitfield. See Tarphyceras champlainense. 

HaatOusf ? desertns BilHngs. 

Nautilus desertus Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 258. 
C3iazyan (Quebec — ^L): Point Rich, Newfoundland. 

NMtOiisf f feroz Billings. 

Nautilus ferox Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Oeol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 351. 
Csnadian (Romaine): Mingan Islands, Canada. 

Kavtilus hkbcules Billings. See Litoceras hercules. 

Nixmujs IN80LENS Billiugs. See Litoceras insolens. 

Nactilus Jason Billings. See Plectoceras jason. 

Nauhlub xxLLOQQi Whitfield. See Eurystomites kelloggi and E. rotundus. 

Nautilus natator Billings. See Barrandeoceras natator. 

NAniLua occiDBNTAJiis Hall. See Nautilus?? cancellatum. 

Naatllasf f oeeanas Hall. 

Nantihifl Oceanus Hall, 11th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 

325; Trans. Albany Inst., 10, 1883, p. 75. 
Niagaran (Waldron): Waldron, Indiana. 

HiuTiLUB pBBKiKsi Whitfield. See Tarphyceras perkinai. 

KuitfliisTf pomponlus Billings. 

Nautilus Pomponlus Billings, Pal. Fosb., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 26 (adv. 

sheets, 1862). 
Oinadian (Beekmantown): Phillipsbuig, Quebec. 



864 BULLETIN 92, UIHTED STATES NATIONAL MXJSKITM. 

Obolos (WestonU) notehensls Walcott. 

Obolufl (Westonia) notcheneis Wakott, Smiths. Ififlc. Coll., 53, 1908, p. 69, pi. 7, 

fig. 13; Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 463. 
Lower Ordovician: Notch Peak, House Range, MiUaid County, Utah. 
JEro2o^pe.--Cat. No. 51731, U.S.N.M. 

Obolus (Lingulbiia) pxlias Walcott See Obolus mcconneOi pefias. 

Obolus (Lingulblul) pooonipbnbib Walcott See T<higule11a pogonipenM. 

• 
Obolus leAilgens Matthew. 

Obolus xefulgeos Matthew, Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 9, 1892, p. 44, pL 12, %b. 

6»-6d.— Mickwitz, U6m. I'Acad. Imp. Sd. St P^tmbouj^, 8, 1896, p. 23.-- 

Matthew, Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 2d ser., 8, sec. 4, 1890, p. 96, pL op. 

p. 112, f^. llar-b.— Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 400, pL 9, 

figs. 2a-d. 
Obolus (Monobolina) refulgens Matthew, Tnms. Roy. Soc. Canada, 2d ser., 8, 

sec. 4, 1902, p. 98. 
Monobolina refulgens Matthew, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Cambrian Rocks Cape 

Breton, 1903, p. 210, pi. 16, figs. 2a, b; also pi. 11, fig. 4.— Hahn, Ann. New 

York Acad. Sci., 22, 1912, p. 142. 
Canadian (Bretonlan^Div. C3c): Navy Island, St John Harbor, New Brunswick; 

and McLeod Brook, Cape Breton, NoYa Scotia. 

Obolus (Westonls) rogenl (Walcott). 

lingnla prima Regen (not Coniad MS., Hall), Fkoc. Boston Soc.- Nat Hist, 7, 
1861, p. 390. 

Lingula antiqua R<^gem (not Kmmcms), Proc. Boston Soc. Nat Hist, 7, 1861, 
p. 390. 

Obolus (lingulella) rogersi Walcott, Fkoc. U. S. Nat Mus., 21, 1898, pp. 413-^5. 

lingulella rogersi Grabau, Occas. Papers Boston Soc. Nat Hfet, 1, pt 8, 1900, 
p. 624, pi. 31, fig. 4. 

Obolus (Westonia) rogerd Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat Mus., 23, 1901, p. 691; Men. 
U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 463, pi. 42, figs. 2, 2ar<i. 

Lower Ordovician: Limestone pebbles on beach at Marthas Vineyard, Massachu- 
setts, and at Newixnrt, etc., Rhode Island; also pebbles in Carbonilaons 
conglomerate north of Fall River, Bristol County, Massachusetts. 

Eolotype and porofypM.— Cat. No. 27337, U.S.N.M. 

Obolus rotundstus (Walcott). 

Obolus (lingulella) rotundatus Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 21, 1898, p. 415. 

Obolus (Lingulella) desLderatus Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 32, pt 2, 1899, 
pp. 445^446, pi. 60, Bg, 2a (not fig. 2). 

Obolus rotundatus Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 411, pi. 90, figs. 
2, 2a-e. 

Lower Ordovician: ScheUboume, Schell Creek Range, White Pine County, Ne- 
vada. Also Upper and Middle Cambrian of Nevada, MontMia, etc. 

Hohtype and pom^rpet.— Cat No. 27337, 27338, U.S.N .M. 

Obolus (BrUgferls) sslteri (HoU). 

Obolella salteri HoU, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 21, pt 1, 1865, p. 102, fig*. 

9a4>.— Davidson, British Fobs. Brach., 3, pt 7, 1866, pp. 61-62, pi. 4, figs. 

28,29. 
Obolus (Bi^Sggeria) salteri Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat Mus., 1902, 25, pp. 605-606; 

Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 424, pi. 13, figs. l»-n; pi. 15, figs. 4»-d. 



BIBLIOGBAPHIO LIST OF GEKERA. AND SPECIES. 865 

•Mas (BfOgferU) satterl— Contmued. 

Lover Ordovicum: Oeratopyge limofltone, near Ghristiania, Norway; Bronsil 

rfwlffl, Worcestonbire, etc., Eogland; Dictyonema slate of Sweden. 
^^^•^•» (Bietonian — Div. 0.3a): Varionfl localities in Eastern Cape Breton, 

Nora Scotia. 

OkelBS (Uniiiloboliis) spteaus (Billings). 

Tii^Mla? q>tflBa Billings, GanadianNat., 2d ser., 6, 1872, pp. 469-469, figs. 5a-c, 

p. 467; Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 2, pt. 1, 1874, pp. 67-4S8, figs. 36a— 

c, p. 66; Geol. Snrv. Newfoundland, Rep. Frog., 1881, App., 1882, p. 15, 

pi 3, figs. 12a-c. 
SpbKrobotns spissua Matthew, Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 2d ser., 1, 1895, pp. 

S63-266, pi. 1, figs. 5a-c.--Ozabau, Occas. Papers Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 

pt. 3, 1900, p. 622. 
ObohH (Lingulobolus) spissos Walcott, Amer. Joor. Sci.,4th ser., 6, 1808, p. 327; 

Hon. TJ. S. Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 432, pi. 16, figs. 2a-k; pi. 42, figs. 3, 3a. 
Lofwer Onkmcian: One mile north of Lance Cove, Great Bell Island, Conception 

Bay, New Foundland. 
Also fimestone pebbles in Carboniferous conglomerate, north of Fall River, Bristc^ 

County, Massachusetts. 
Pksibtyp«t.— Oat. No. 51678, U.S.N JC. 

eWhis (Westonla) stoneanas (Whitfield). 

Lii«:ula aurora var. Hall, 16th Ann. Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1863, 
pp. 127, 128, pL 6, figs. 6-8; Trans. Albany Inst., 5, 1867, pp. 104-106, pi. 1, 
figs. 6-«; 23d Ann. Rep. New York State Cab. Nat Hist., 1873, pp. 244-245, 
pL 13, fig. 5. 

linguleOa stoneana Whitfield, Geol. Wisconsin, 1882, 4, p. 344, pi. 27, figs. 6, 7.— 
Han and Cla^e, Pal. New Y(»^k, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pi. 2, figs. 9-11.— Weller, 
Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Rep. Pal., 3, 1903, p. 112, pi. 1, fig. 6. 

Obolus (Westcmia) stoneanus Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 23, 1901, p. 691; 
IT. S. Geol. Surv., Mon. 51, 1912, p. 465, pi. 28, figs. 2, 2a-g; pi. 49, figs. 2, 2a. 

Upper Cambrian: Wisconsin and New Mexico. 

Upper Cambrian or Ozarldan (Kittatinny): Newton, Sussex County, New Jersey. 



OCTONAEIA Jones. Genotype: O. octofoimis Jones. 

Octonaria Jones, Ann. Mag. Nat Hist, 5th ser., 19, 1887, p. 404.— Miller, N. A. 

Geol. Pal., iBt App., 1892, p. 709.— UMch, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 

1900, p. 645.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 350.— 

Bassler, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 739. 

Oetonarlaf angnlaia Ulrich and Bassler. 

Octonazia? angulata Ulrich and Bassler, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, 

p. 537, pi. 98, figs. 9-11. 
Helderbeigian (Eeyser): Cumberland, Maryland; Eeyser, West Virginia. 
J7olo^ype.— Oat No. 53280, U.S.N.M. 

Octonaria enrta UMch. 

Octonaria curta Ubich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat Hist., 13, 1891, p. 195, pi. 12, 
iljgB. 4a, 4b.— Giabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Foarils, 2, 1910, p. 351, figs. 
1666, 1, V. 
C lfnixm (Rochester): Lockport, New York. 
JBUb^pe.— CM. No. 41674, U.SJf Jl. 



866 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Octoniirla Innqnalls Ulrich and Baasler. 

Octooaria insequaliB Ulrich and Basrier, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, 

p. 638, pi. 98, figs. 12-18. 
Helderbeigian (Eeyser): Cumberland, Maryland. 
Cotypa: Cat. No. 63284, U.S.N.M. 

Octonaria simplex (Erause). 

Thlipsuia aimplez Erauae, Zeits. deatsch. geol. Gesell., 43, p. 608, 1891, pi. 32, 

Octonaria edmplez Ulrich and Baasler, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, p. 

638, pi. 93, ^, 19. 
Helderbeigian (Eeyser): Cumberland, Maryland. 
Pfowo^jxf.— Cat. No. 63286, U.S.N.M. 

ODONTOCAUUS Lapworth. Genotype: Odontocaulis keeping! Lapworth. 

Odontocaulis Lapworth, Quart. Jour. C^l. Soc. London, 37, 1881, p. 176, 
pi. 7, figs. 7a, b.— Pocta, Syst. Sil. Centre Boheme, 8, pt. 1, 1894, p. 171.— 
Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, p. 172. 

OdontoeauUs grantl (Spencer). 

Callograptus grant! Spencer, Canadian Nat., 10, 1882, p. 166 (nom. nud.); Trans. 

Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 4, 1884, pp. 664, 671, 672, pi. 1, ^, 10; BuU. Mus. Univ. 

State Missouri, 1, 1884, pp. 14, 21, 22, pi. 1, figs. 10, 10a.— Gurley, Jour. Geol., 

4, 1896, pp. 93, 308. 
Odontocaulis grant! Baaeler, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. 66, 1909, p. 42, figs. 63, 64. 
Niagaran dolomite: Hamilton, Ontario. 

OdontoeauUs hepatlcus Ruedemann. 

Odontocaulis hepaticus Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 
1908, pp. 174, 175, pi. 1, figs. 6, 7, text figs. 79-81. 

Chazyan: Glenmont, Albany Coimty, New York (Normanskill); Arkansas (String- 
town). 

OdontoeauUs obpyri/ormla Gurley. 

Odontocaulis obpyriformis (Gurley MS.) Bassler, Bull. U. S. Nit. Mus., 65, 1909, 

pp. 43, 44, fig. 66. 
Niagaran dolomite: Hamilton, Ontario. 

Odontoomlls oeeldentalls Gurley. 

Odontocaulis occidentalis (Gurley MS.) Baseler, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 65, 1909, 

p. 44, fig. 66. 
Niagaran dolomite: Hamilton, Ontario. 

ODONTOPLEUBA Emmrich. (Genotype: 0. ovata Emmrich. 

Odontopleura Emmrich, De Tril. Dissertatio, etc./ 1839, p. 63.— Burmeister, Oig. 
der Tril., Berlin, 1843, p. 71.— Goldfuss, Neues Jahrb. Min., etc., 1843, pp. 
641, 666.— Beyrich, Untersuchimgen uber Tril., 1846, p. 16.— Emmrich, 
Neues Jahrb. f. Min., etc., 1846, p. 44.— Hawle and Corda, Abh. d. k. bohmi- 
schen Cksell. d. Wiss., 6 (extract, 1847), p. 147, pi. 7, fig. 28.— Clarke, 10th 
Bep. State Geol. New York for 1890, 1891, pp. 64, 67; 44th Rep. New Yoik 
State Mus., 1892, pp. 94, 97.— Etheridge and Mitchell, Froc. Linnean Soc. 
New South Wales, 21, 1897, p. 695.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fcesils, 
2, 1910, p. 313.— Raymond, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 722. 

Odontoplenra arkansana Van Ingen. 

Odontopleura arkansana Van Ingen, School of Mines Quart., 23, 1901, p. 40, %%. 9, 

pi. fig. 2. 
Niagaran (St. Clair): St. Clair Springs, Independence County, Arkansas. 



BIBLIOGRAPHIO UST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 867 

Odontoplenra crosoto (Locke). 

C«faiirua crosotus Locke, Amer. Jour. Sci., 44, 1843, p. 346, fig.; ibid., 45, 1843, p. 

222, figs. 2-4. 
Addaspis croeotua Gebhard, 9th Kep. New York State Cab. Hist., 1850, pp. 45, 

46.— Meek, GeoL Surv. Ohio, Pal., 1, 1873, p. 165, pi. 14, figs. 10a, b.— Miller, 

dndimati Quart. Jour. Sd., 1, 1874, p. 129. — Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. 

GeoL Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 1055, pL 54, figs. 5, 5a. — Ruedemann, Bull. 

New Y<»rk State Mus., 162, 1912, p. 119, pi. 9, figs. 4, 5. 
Ceratocephala croeotus Vogdes, Froc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1877, p. 140. 
Odontopleura crossota Clarke, 10th Rep. State Geol. New York for 1890, 1891, pp. 

69, 71; 44th Rep. New York State Mus., 1892, pp. 99, 101. 
Eden: Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity; Albany County, New York (Indian 

Ladder). 

Odontoplenni halll (Shumard). 

Addaspis halli Shumard, 1st and 2d Ann. Rep. Geol. Surv. Missouri, pt. 2, 1855, 
p. 200, pi. B, fig. 7a-c.— Keyes, Missouri Geol. Siu^., 4, 1894, p. 230, pi. 32, 
^, 4.— Savage, BuU. Geol. Surv. lUinois, 23, 1913, p. 59, pi. 2, figs. 11 and 12. 

Ceratocephala Halli Vogdes, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Philadelphia, 1877, p. 140. 

Odontopleura Halli Garke, 10th Rep. State Geol. New Y<»rk for 1890, 1891, 
p. 71; 44th Rep. New York State Mus., 1892, p. 101. 

Upper Medinan (Girardeau): Cape Girardeau, Missouri. 

OdoBloiileani flUnoIsensis Weller. 

Odontc^leura illinoisensis Weller, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sd., Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, 

pt. 2, 1907, p. 253, pi. 23, figs. 5-6. 
Niagaian (Racine): Near JoUet, Illinois. 

Odontopleara onealll (Miller). 

Addaepis 0*Nealli Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sd., 2, 1875, p. 86, fig. 9; N. A. 

GeoL Pal., 1889, p. 526, fig. 953. 
Od<Hitopleura O'Nealli Chirke, 10th Rep. New York State Geol. for 1890, 1891, 

p. 71; 44th Rep. New York State Mus., 1892, p. 101 (gen. ref.). 
Richmond (Waynesville): Near Lebanon, Ohio. 

OdoBtopIeura ortonl (Foerste). 

Addaspis Foerste, BuU. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 1, 1885, p. 101, pi. 13, 

fig. 23. 

Adda^is ortoni Foerste, ibid., 2, pt. 1, 1887, p. 90, pi. 8, fig. 1; Geol. Swrv, Ohio, 
7, 1893, p. 522, pi. 25, fig. 23, pi. 27, fig. 1. 

Odontopleura ortoni Van Ingen, School of Mines Quart., 23, 1901, p. 39. — ^Kindle 
and Breger, 28th Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1904, p. 481, pi. 24, 
figs. 16-19. « 

Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Near New Carlisle, Ohio. 

Niagaran: St. Clair Springs, Index)endence County, Arkansas (St. Clair); George- 
town and Pendleton, Indiana. 

Odontopleuni parmla (Walcott). 

Addaspis parvula Walcott, 31st Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 1880 (adv. 
sheets, 1877), p. 69. 

Odontopleura parvula Clarke, 10th Rep. State Geol. New York for 1890, 1891, 
p. 71 ; 44th Rep. New York State Mus. , 1892, p. 101 ; Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 
1894, p. 744, fig. 61.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 201, 
pi. 15, figs. 21, 22.— <jrabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 313, 
fig. 1624a. 

Trenton: TVenton Falk, New York, St. Paul, Minnesota; Jacksonburg, New 
Jeney. 



868 BULLETIN d2, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Odontoplenra trentonensts (Hall). 

Acidaspis trentonensb Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 240, pi. 64, figs. 4a-f. — 

Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 216, fig. 73.— Walcott, 28th Rep. 

New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., doc. ed., 1877, p. 89; ibid., mus. ed., 1879, 

p. 89; Bull. Mus. Oomp. Zool., 8, 1881, p. 192; p. 206, pi. 3, fig. 2; 31st Rep. 

New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 1879, p. 62. 
Ceratocephala trentonensis? Vogdes, Froc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Fhiladelphiay 1877, 

p. 141. 
Odontopleura Trentonensis Clarke, 10th Kep. State Geol. New York far 1890, 

1891, p. 71; 44th Rep. New York State Mus., 1892, p. 101. 
Trenton: Bay of Quinte, Lake Ontario, Canada. 

QSNONITES Hinde. Genotype: 0. curvidenB Hinde. 

(Enonitee Hinde, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 35, 1879, p. 376.— Miller, N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 519.--GrabaTi and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, 
p. 242. 

(■nonltes amplus Hinde. 

(Enonitee amplus Hinde, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 35, 1879, p. 382, pi. 19, 
fig. 23.--Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Foasdls, 2, 1910, p. 242, fig. 1582c 
Upper Medinan (Cataract): Toronto, Ontario. 

OSnonltesI carlnatus Hinde. 

(Enonites? carinatus Hinde, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 35, 1879, p. 377, {4. 

19, fig. 19. 
Cindnnatian (Pulaski): Toronto, Ontario. 

(Enonites cuneatus Hinde. 

(Enonites cuneatus Hinde, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 1879, p. 377, pi. 18, 
5g. 11— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 242, ^. 1526c. 
Cinclnnatian (Pulaski): Toronto, Ontario. 

(Enonites cunridens Hinde. 

(Enonites curvidens Hinde, Quart. Jour. Greol. Soc. London, 35, 1879, p. 376, 

pi. 18, ^. 7. 
Cinclnnatian (Pulaski): Tcxonto, Ontario. 

(Enonites declpiens Foerste. 

(Enonites decipiens Foerste, Amer. Qeoi., 2, 1888, p. 417, ^. 2; Ged. Surv. Ohio, 

Pal., 7, 1893, p. 517, Bg. 2. 
Richmond (Elkhorn): Todds Fork, near Wilmington, Ohio. 

(Enonites flragilis Hinde. 

(Enonites fragilis Hinde, (iuart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 35, 1897, p. 382,' pi. 20, 

fig. 3. 
Upper Medinan (Cataract): Toronto, Ontario. 

(Enonites in»qualis Hinde. 

(Enonites ineequalis Hinde, Quart. Jour. Greol. Soc. London, 35, 1879, p. 376, 

pi. 18, ^, 8. 
Cinclnnatian (Pulaski): Totoato, Ontario 

(Enonltesf Inft^nens Hinde. 

(Enonites? infrequens Hinde, Quart. Jour. Qeol, Soc. London, 85, 1879, p. 882, 

pi. 20, ^. 2. 
Upper Medinan (Cataract): Toronto, Ontario. 

(ENONins MAJOR Hinde. See Eunicites major. 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC LIST OF QBKBBA AND 8PBCIB8. 869 

rostimtas Hinde. 
iBnonitoe rastatos Hinde, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 85, 1879, p. 376, 

pi. 18, ^, 10.— QisUii and Shimer. N. A. Index FobbOb, 2, 1910, p. 242, fig. 

Ifieeb. 
Cbidnnatian (Pukoki): Toconto, Ontario. 

unites Mmtiu Hinde. 

<Rinnl>4i< eenatus Hinde, Quart. Jour. GeoL Soc. London, 85, 1879, p. 876, pi. 

18, ^. 9.— Graban and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 242, ^. 

1526a. 
Otncinnatian (Pulaski): Toronto, Ontario. 

OsTGU. BiBBAKpn Whitfield. See Pt3rchopyge bairandi. 

OoToiA lATtasatVB ^ton. See HomalonotuB delphinocephalus. 

OoTOU IJQUKN8I8 Ho^. See Hemigyraspis liquensis. 

OaTGU? TETU8TA Hall. See Ba8ilicu^(7) vetustus. 

OGTGITBS Troraelin and Lebesconte. Genotype: Ogygia guettazdi Biongniart. 

Olgygia (part) Brongniart, Hist. Nat. Crust. Foss., 1822, p. 26. 

Ogygites Tromelin and Lebesconte (new name in place of Ogygia Brongniart, 1822, 
pfeoocnpied by HObner in 1816), Cat. Raisonn^ Foss. Sil., Assoc. French 
ATanc.ScLyCoiig. Nantes, 1876, p. 631. — ^Raymond, Bull. Victoria Memorial 
Muaeom, 1, 1913, p. 43; Trans, and Ftoc. Roy. Soc. Canada, 5, 3d. ser., sec. 4, 
1912, p. 115; Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 719. 

OgjfHfls eftnadensis (Chapman). 

Amphus canadensis Chapman, Cuiadian Jour., 1,1856, p. 482; ibid., 2,1858,p.47; 
ibid., 8, 1858, pp. 231, 232, ^, ; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 8d ser., 3, 1858, pp. 10, 13, 
fig. 1; Canadian Jour., 4, 1859, p. 1, fig.; p. 142.— Billings, Geol. Cuiada, 
QeoL Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 204, fig. 201 .—-Chapman, Canadian Jour., n. s., 
8, 1863, p. 29, fig. 141; p. 204, Bg. 201; Expos. Min. an<f Geol., 1864, p. 136, 
i^. 141; p. 176, ^. 201.— Nicholson, Rep. Pal. P*ov. Ontario, pt. 2, 1875, 
p. ^.— Wakott, Trans. Albany Inst., 10, 1883, pp. 3, 12 (loc. occ.).— Ypgdes, 
BuH. 17. S. Geol. Surv., 63, 1890, p. 92. 

Btrilicua canadensis Raymond, Amer. Jour. Scl., 19, 4th ser., 1905, p^ 62 
^»eiu xel.). 

OgygiteB canadensis Raymond, Roy. Soc. Canada, Trans. Proc., 8d ser., 5, sec. 4, 
1912, p. 118, pi. 1, fig. 2; Bull. Victoria Memorial Mus., 1, 1913, p. 43, pi. 6, 

Ai^na ham Chapman, Ajin. Nat. Hist., 8d ser., 3, 1858, p. 14, ^. 2; Canadian 

Jour., 2d. ser., 8, 1858, p. 236, 5g. 
Asaphna hincbrii Chapman, Canadian Jour., Industry Sci. Arts., 4, 1859, p. 2, ^,; 

p. 1^.— BiUings (not Salta), Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 70. 
Trenton (Collingwood): Whitby, CoUingwood, etc., Ontario. 
ObMrvAtl<m. — See also Asaphus latimaiginatus Hall. 

OnOCBmUS Wachsmuth and Springer. Genotype: Heterocrinus bxua Hall. 

Ohiocriiraa Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. ScL Philadelphia, 1886, 
p. 132, Bey. Pal., pt. 3, p. 208.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 263.— 
Wadmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1890, pp. 378, 
S79.— Bather, Ann. Mag. Nat Hist., ser. 6, 5, 1890, pi. 15, fig. 6; Kongl. 
Bv. Vet Akad. Handl., 25, No. 2, 1893, p. 20.— Wachsmuth, Zittel-Eastman 
Textb. Pad., 1, 1900, p. 152.— Springer, Mem. Geol. Surv. Canada, 15P, 1911, 
p. 27; Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 212. 



870 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Ohloerlnas belleTtUensIs (W. R. BilHngs). 

Heterocriims bellevillensia W. R. Billings, Trans. Ottawa Field Nat. Clnb, 1, 
1883, p. 49, pi. figs.— Wachsmuth and Springer, Ploc. Acad. Nat ScL Philm- 
delphia, 1890, p. 392, pi. 10, fig. 8.— Bather, Geol. Mag., dec. 4, 6, p. S3» 
fig. 5; Treatise on Zool., pt. 3, Echinoderma, London, 1900, p. 146, fig. 58, 2. 

Stenocrinns bellevillensis Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. ScL Piuia- 
delphia, 1886, p. 132 (Rev. Pal., pt. 3, sec 2, p. 208). 

Ohiocrinus bellevillensis Springer, Mem. Geol. Snrv. Canada, 15P, 1911^ p. 26. 

Trenton (Curdsville): Belleville and Eirkfield, Ontario. 

Ohiocrinus eompaetas (Meek). 

Heterocriniis constrictus var. compactus Meek, Geol. Siirv. Ohio, Pal., 1, 1873, 

p. 4, pi. 1, fig. U. 
Ohiocrinus constrictus var. compactus Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. 

Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1886, p. 133 (Rev. Pal., pt 3, fcec. 2, p. 209). 
Ohiocrinus compactus Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 263, fig. 371. 
Heterocrinus constrictus var. contractus Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. 

Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1879, p. 293 (Rev. Pal., pt 1, p. 70). 
Heterocrinus isodactylun Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 279, fig. 

21.— Bather, Geol. Mag., dec. 4, 6, 1899, p. 41, footnote, fig. 17. 
Maysville (ComyvUle): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

Ohiocrinus constrictus (Hall). 

Homocrinus constrictus Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat Hist, 1887» 
p. 304 (nom. nud.). 

Heterocrinus constrictus Hall, 24th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat Hist, 1S72, 
p. 210, pi. 6, figs. 13, 14 (adv. sheets, 1871). —Meek, Geol. Surv. Ohio, PaL, 1, 
1873, p. 3, pi. 1, figs. 10a, b (and 117).— Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat 
Hist, 7, 1884, p. 18, pi. 4, figs. 4a-b. 

Ohiocrinus constrictus Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat ScL Phila- 
delphia, 1886, p. 133 (Rev. Pal., pt 3, sec. 2, p. 209).— Miller, N. A. Geol. 
Pal., 1889, p. 263, fig. 372. 

Heterocrinus vaupeli Wetherby, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat Hist, 4, 1881, p. 82, 
pi. 2, figs. 1, la. 

Ohiocrinus vaupeli Springer, Mem. Geol. Surv. Canada, 15P, 1911, p. 27 (gen. 
ref.). 

Maysville (Corryville): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

OmocBiKUS CONSTRICTUS var. COMPACTUS Wachsmuth and Springer. See Ohiocnnns 
compactus. 

Ohiocrinus exllis Foerete. 

Ohiocrinus exilis Foerete, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 21, 1914, p. 125, pL 1, 

fig. 7. 
Trenton (Upper): Near Rogezis Gap, Kentucky. 

Ohiocrinus laxus (Hall). 

Homocrinus laxus Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat Hist., 1867, p. 304 

(nom. nud.). 
Heterocrinus laxus Hall, 24th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat Hist., 1872, p. 211, 

pL 5, fig. 15 (adv. sheets, 1871).— Meek, Geol. Surv. Ohio, PaL, 1, 1873, p. 14, 

pi. 1, figs. 8a, b. 
Ohiocrinus laxus Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat Sci. Philadelphia, 

1886, p. 133 (Rev. Pal., pt 3, sec. 2, p. 209). 
Heterocrinus (locrinus) oehanus Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat Hist, 5, 1882, 

p. 175, pi. 5. 



BIBLIOGBAPHIO LIST OF QENBBA AKD SPBdES. 871 

Mloerlnns Iftxos — Gontiniied. 

Heterocrinus cehanuB Miller, Oat. Amer. Fal. Foes. (ed. 2), 1883| p. 283. 
OhiociiiuiB oehfinuB Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 

1886, p. 13S (Ber. Pal., pt. 3, sec 2, p. 209)^ 
Maysville (Fairmoont): Gindimati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
Pleno^fpe.— €at. No. 42304, U.S.N.M. (cotype of H. €ehanuB). 

OnocBzanra obahus Wachsnuth and Springer. See Ohiocrinus laxna. 

Omoo m nya taufxu Springer. See Ohiocrinus constrictuB. 

OUHAmA Forbes. Genotype: O. radiata Forbes. 

Oldhamia Fofbee, Jour. GeoL Soc. Dublin, 4, 1848, p. 20. 

OuniAMiA. niirnooaA Hall. See Ohsetomorpha? prima and Oallithamnopsis fruticoea. 

OmiaiBU (Mnrehlsonltes) ocddens Walcott. 

OHhamift (Murchisonitee) occidena. Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 17, 1894, 

p. 314, fig.l.— Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 133, 1909, p. 210, fig. 

14. 
Upper Cambrian or Lo>wer Ordovidan: Nassau Township, Rensselaer County, New 

York. 
CbQrpet.— Cat. No. 33669, U.S.N.M. 

Oldtus arcuatits Goldfuss. See Triarthrus becki. 

Omars (FAAABOUHMLLk) ldhtis BrOgger. See Parabolinella limitis. 

Quinrs? Logani Devine. See Loganellus logani. 

OaanjB (Spkjebofhthalicus) pbctbn Salter. See Ctenopyge pecten. 

Olkhtts (Pababouna) spiKULOflA Salter. See Parabolina spinulosa. 

OuDfvs TSIABTHBU8 Croldfuss. Soo Triarthrus becki. 

Olexus UKDUL08TRIATUS Hall. Soo Prootus undulostriatus. 

MOSnBA TThich. . Genotype: O. latidncta Ulrich. 

M mchisonia (part) Hall, Salter and Billings 
Omoqxira Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, pp. 932-944.— Koken, Neues 

Jahrb. Min., Geol. Pal., 1, 1898, p. 15. 
Oimoq;>ira Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 631. 

OBooptrm aieimndni (Billings). 

Murchisonia ventricosa Salto" (not Hall, 1847), Can. Oig. Rem., Geol. Surv. Can- 
ada, dec. 1, 1859, p. 23; pi. 5, figs. 2, 2a, 3. 

Mmchiscmia Alexandra Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 1, 1865, p. 172. 

Omosinra alexandra Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 946, 
id. 70, figs. 66 and 67. 

Oimoflpira alexandra Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 631, 
fig. 854d. 

Black River (Leiay): Pauquette's Rapids, Ottawa River, Canada; Mercer 
County, Kentucky. 

Pietio^pa.— Cat. Nos. 45943, 45944, U.S.N.M. 

OMotpIrs Utldiicto Ulrich. 

dim latidncta UMch, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 945, pi. 70, figs. 
64,65. 



872 BULLSTIK 92^ UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Omosplra latlelneta— Ckmtinued. 

Oimospixa laticincta Qnbau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fooili, 1, 19M, p. 631, 

fig. 864by c. 
Scalites latacinctuB Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1807, p. 770 (geo. reL). 
Black River (Lowville): Near Lebanon, Tennenee. 
Holotype.'^CtX. No. 45946, U.S.N.M. 

Omphalotbogbus Lindatiom. See Boleomita Clarke and Buedemann. 

OMPHTMA Rafineeque and Clifford. Genotype: O. (Madrepoza) torbinata Fongbt. 
Omphsrma Rafineeque and Clifford, Ann. Sci. Phys. Bruxdlee, 5, 1820, p. 234. — 
Edwards and Haime, Hon. d. Polyp. Foes. d. Terr. Pal., 1851 (Arch. Mna. 
Hist. Nat, 5), pp. 168, 400.— Pictet, Tndt6 de Pal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 456.— 
Milne-Edwards, Hist. Nat. C<»all., 8, 1860, p. 394.— Lindstrom, Geol. ICag., 3, 
1866, p. 359 (obiter), 411.— Salter, Cat. Camb. SU. Foes., 1873, p. 113, 75.— 
Dybowski, Archly, f. Naturf. Liv-, Ehst- und Eurl., 5, 1873, p. 337. — ^Romin- 
ger, Geol. Surv. Michig^, 3, pt. 2^ 1876, p. 117.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 
Munich, 1879, p. 230.— Roemer, Leth. geog., pt. 1, Leth. Pal., 1883, p. 341.— 
Ifiller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 198.— Sherser, Amer. Geol., 7, 1891, pp. 
290-295; Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., 3, 1892, p. 277.— Nicholson, Bee. Geol. 
Surv. N. S. Wales, 4, 1894, p. 15. — Eoken, Die Leitfoesilien, Leipsig, 1896, 
p. 309.— Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 77; ibid., 2d ed., 1913, p. 
85.— Lambe, Cent. Can. Pal., Geol. Surv. Canada, 4, pt. 2, 1901» p. 177.— 
Pocta, Syst. Sil. du Centre Boheme, 8, pt. 2, 1902, p. 137. 

Omphyma eonfregata Billings. 

Omphsrmacongrogata BiUings, Cat. Sil. Foes. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 93. 
Niagaran: Huronia Point, Cockbum Island, Lake Huron. 

Omfhtma Dbxtmmondi Billings. See Omphyma vemicoea. 

Omphyma eriphyle (Billings). 

Cyathophyllum Eriphyle Billings, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Caniula, 1, 1866, p. Ill 

(adv. sheets, 1862). 
Omphyma Eriphyle Lambe, Ottowa Nat, 12, 1899, p. 243; Cent Can. P^, GeoL 

Surv. Canada, 4, pt. 2, 1901, p. 180, pi. 15, figs. 2, a, b. 
TOmphsrma subturbinata Milne-Edwards and Haune, British Foss. Cotals, 1855, 

p. 288, pi. 68, figs. la-c. 
Silurian; L'Anse a la Vieille, Bay of Chaleurs, Quebec. 

Omfhtma stokbsi Whitfield. See Ptychophyllum stokesi. 

Omfhtma subturbinata Milne-Edwards and Haime. See Omphyma eriphyle. 

Omphyma rermeosa Rafineeque and Clifford. 

Omphsrma verrucosa Rafineeque and Clifford, Ann. dee Sci. Phys. Bruxelles, 6, 
1820, p. 125.— Edwards and Haime, Mon. d. Polyp. Foes. d. Terr. Pftl., 1851 
(Arch, du Mus. d'Hist. Nat., 5), p. 403.— Milne-Edwards, Hist. Nat CoraU., 
3, 1860, p. 397.— Rominger, Geol. Surv. Michigan, 3, pt. 2, 1876, p. 118, pi. ^, 
lower tier. — Davis, Kentucky Foesil Corals, Geol. Surv. Kentucky, pt 2, - 
1885, pi. 104, figs. 8-11; pi. 105, fig. 11.— Lambe, Cont. Can. Pal., Geol. Surv. 
Canada, 4, pt. 2, 1901, p. 178. 

Omphyma Drummondi Billings, Cat. Sil. Foes. Anticosti, Gecrf. Surv. Caaada, 
1866, p. 93. 



BIBUOOBAPHIC LIST OF QENBBA AND SPECIES. 873 

emphjmm TermcosA— Continiied. 

Z^iventifl Bigd>yi Billii^B, Cat. SiL Foot. Anticosti, Geol. Sunr. Canada, 1866, 

p. 92. 
Ntagvan: Dnnnmond's Idand and Cockbum Island, Lake Huron; Louisville, 

Kentucky (Louisville); West Tennessee (Brownsport). 

OacBoucBAS Schmidt. See Aictinurus Castelnau. 

OHCHOMSTOPUS Schmidt. Genotype: O. volborthi Schmidt. 

OndiomBtopuB Schmidt, Mem. TAcad. Imp. Sd. St. Peterebuig, 8th ser., 6^ 1898, 

pp. Uy 12y 28. — ^Raymond, Ann. Cam^e Mus., 7, 1910, p. 63; Tians. and 

Froc. Boy. Soc. Caittda, 3d ser., 5, sec. 4, 1912, p. 115; Zittel-Eastman Textb. 

PftL, 1913, p. 719. 

ta(teBi0topii8 emofyl (Hall). 

Assplius emoryi HaU, Bep. U. S. Mexican Bound. Surv., Emory, 1857, pi. 20, 

fig. 5. 
Isoteltts Emoryi Walcott, Fftl. Univ., Ist ser., fasc. 2, 1903, pi. 28. 
Bidimond: El Paso Texas. 
Fololype.— Cat. No. 9824, U.S.N.M. 

<> ae h — le t opns obtusiis (HaU). 

AsBj^us? obtusus Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 24, pi. 4 (bis), fig. 14.— Em- 
mons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 236, pi. 3, fig. 14. 

Isolehis obtusus Raymond, Ann. C^unegie Mus., 3, 1905, p. 344, pi. 12, figs. 1, 2.— 
Graban and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 291. 

Qociiometopus obtusus Raymond, 7th Rep. Vermont State Geol., 1910, p. 22, pi. 
34, figs. 1, 2; pi. 38, figs. 2-4; Ann. Carnegie Mus., 7, 1910, p. 64, pi. 18, figs. 
2-4.— Perkins, Rep. Vermont State Geol., 8th ser., 1912, pi. 18, fig. 2-4.— 
Raymond, Trans, and Pxoc. Roy. Soc. Ouiada, 3d ser., 5, sec. 4, 1912, p. 120, 
pi. 3, ^. 2. 

Cbazyan (Day Point-Valcour): Chazy, Plattsburg, Valcour Island, etc., New 
York; Isle La Motte, Vermont. 

OaAoietopns simplex Rasrmond and Narraway. 

Ondiometopus simplex Raymond and Narraway, Ami. Carnegie Mus., 7, 1910, 

p. 51, pi. 16, figs. 6-8. 
Black River: Straigjit River, Minnesota (Platteville); Franklin Fcvge, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

OiduMnetopiis 8ii8» (Whitfield)^ 

As^hus Susse (Calvin MS.) Whitfield, Geol. Wisconsin, 4, ifi82, p. 236, pi. 5, 

6g. 3; pi. 10, fig. 8.— Chamberlin, Geol. \\^scon8in, 1, 1883, p. 160, fig. 
As^hus (Isotelus) Susee Whiteaves, Pal.*Fo6S., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, 

p. 231. 
laotdufl BUSK Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 708, text figs. 10, 11. 
Oncfaometopus susce Raymond, Proc. and Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 3d ser., 5, 

sec. 4, 1912, p. 118, pi. 2, fig. 1. 
Isotelus florencevlllensb Calvin, Ann. Rept. Geol. Surv. Iowa, 13, 1903, p. 46. 
Richmond: Apple River, Illinois; East Selkirk, Manitoba; Hader and Spring 

Valley, Ifinnesota; Iowa. 
Plefio^pet.— Cat. Nos. 1176, 41902, U.S.N.M. 

ONCHUS Agassiz. Genotype: 0. murchisoni Agassiz. 

Onchus Agassb, Rech. Poissons Fossilse, 1837, p. 6. See Hay, "Bull. U. S. Geol. 
Surv. No. 179, 1902, p. 326, for complete bibliography. 



874 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Ondiiu cllntoni Glaypole. 

OnchuBclintoni Gayx>ole, Ged. Surv. PennflylvBuia, Ptef . to Rep. F2, 1884, p. 12; 

Quart. Jour. Qeol. Soc. London, 41, 1884, p. 61, fig. 6. — Lesley, Geol. Surv. 

Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 495, figs. 
Cayugan (New Bloomfield): Perry County, Penn^lvania. 

Onchus dbwbti Hall. See Ceratiocaris (Phaqganocaris?) deweyi. 

Onehus pennaylranica Claypole. 

Onchus pennsylvanicus Clayi>ole, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Pref . to Rep. F 2, 

1884, p. 12; Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 41, 1884, p. 61, fig. 5.-*Le8ley, 

Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 495, figs. 
Cayugan (New Bloomfield): Perry County, Pennsylvania. 

ONCOCERAS Hall. Genotype: 0. constrictum Hall. 

Oncoceras Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 196.— D'Orbigny, Prodr. de Pal., 1, 
1849, p. 5.— Woodward, Man. MoUusca, pt. 1, 1851, p. 90.— Saemann, Pals- 
ontagraphica, 3, 1852, pp. 157, 162.— Pictet, Traite de Pal., 2d ed., 2, 1854, 
p. 646.— Enunons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 148.— Hall, Rep. Geol. 
Surv. Wiflconon, 1861, p. 43.— Billings, Cat. Sil. Fobs. Anticoeti, Geol. Surv. 
Canada, 1866, p. 86.— Barrande, Syst. Sil. du Centre Boheme, 2, pt. 1, 1867, 
p. 450.— Hyatt, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 22, 1884, p. 282.— Miller, N. A. 
€reol. Pal., 1889, p. 445. — Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State 
MuB., 5, 1903, p. 94.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 
122.— Hyatt, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1900, p. 530; 2d ed., 1913, p. 61L 

Oneoeeras abmptum Hall. 

Oncoceras abruptum Hall, Rep. Supt. Creol. Surv. Wisconsin, 1861, p. 44.— Whit- 
field, Mem. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist, 1, pt. 2, 1895, p. 68, pi. 10, figs. 1-3. 
Black River (Platteville): Platteville and Beloit, Wisconsin. 

Oncoceras aloeus Hall. 

Oncoceras alceus Hall, Rep. Sup. Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, 1861, p. 46. — ^Whitfield, 

Mem. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1, pt. 2, 1895, p. 70, pi. 9, ^. 23-26. 
Black River (Platteville): Beloit, Wisconsin. 

Oncoceras amator Billings. 

Oncoceras amator Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 59. 
Anticoetian (Cbicotte): Southwest Point, Anticosti. 

Oneoeeras aretleiim Schuchert. 

Oncoceras arcticum Schuchert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 22, 1900, p. 172, pi. 14, 

figs; 4-7. 
Mohawkian: Head of Frobiaher Bay. • 

Holotype.'-Oait. No. 28196, U. S.N3i. 

Oneoeeras brerlcanratiim Whitfield. 

Oncoceras brevicurvatum Whitfield, Ann. Rep. for 1879,WiBConsin, Geol. Surv., 
1880, p. 59; Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 234, pi. 7, fig. 2 (Cyrtoceras brevi- 
curvatum on plate). — Chamberlin, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, p. 159, fig. 
/ Black River (Platteville): near Beloit, Wisconsin. 

Oncoceras carreri Clarke. 

Oncoceras carveri Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 801, pi. 58, figs. 7-9.^ 

Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 123, Gg, 1366. 
Black River (Platteville): Minneapolis, Minnesota; Rockton, Illinois. 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC LIST OP QEKERA AND SPECIES. 875 

OvoocBXAB coNflTRicTUM Billings. See Toimoc&am i^>ertum. 

Oneooeras eonstiktum Hall. 

OncocaascoDfltrictum Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 197, pi. 41, figs. 6a-f, 7a-d; 
3d Bep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., rev. ed., 1850, p. 180, pi. 3, fig. 3, 
doc. ed., p. 172. — ^Emmons, Amer. Geol., 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 148, pi. 12, 
6g. 2.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 445, fig. 748.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. 
Pennsylvania, Hep. P 4, 1889, p. 494, fig. 

Phngmoceras constdLctum Chapman, Expos. Min., Geol. Canada, 1864, p. 131, 
%134. 

Potenoceras constrictum Foord, Cat. Foaa. Ceph. British Mus., 1, 1888, p. 258. 

Cyrtoceras constrictum Billings, Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 951 
(gen. ref.). 

Trenton: Middleville, Watertown, and Trenton Falls, New York. 
Observation. — See Nelimenia incognita Castelnau. 

Oaeoeeras donglassl Clarke. 

Onooceias douglassi Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 801, pi. 60, figs. 

13-15. 
Trenton (Proeser): Hader, Goodhue Coimty, Minnesota. 

OBCoeeims ezlgaum (Billings). 

Cyrtoceras exiguum Billings, Can. Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 172, figs. 17-18; Geol. 

Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 150, fig. 109. 
dinoc^ras exiguum Schuchert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 22, 1900, p. 171. 
Oncoceras exiguum Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 798, pi. 58, figs. 10, 

11.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 124, fig. 1368. 
Trenton: Near L'Original, Canada; Fountain, Minnesota; Baffin Land. 

Oneooeraa expansum Hall. 

Oncoceras expansum Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, 2, p. 337, pi. 77A, figs. 2a, b. 
Cayugan (Cobleskill): Schoharie, New York. 

Oaeoeeras fragile (Billings). 

Cyrtocefas fragile Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 59. 
Gamachian (Ellis Bay): Gamache Bay, Anticosti. 

Oneoceras fUtfle Billings. 

Oncoceras futile Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 59. 
Anticoetian (Jupiter River): East of Jupiter Biver, Anticosti. 

Oneoeeras gibboeum Hall. 

Oncoceras gibbosum Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 13, pi. 4 (bis.), figs. 6a, b, c. 
Upper Medinan: Lockport, New York. 

OsoocxRAs 0IBB08UM Whiteaves. See Oncoceras whiteavesi. 

(^Beoeeraa huronense (Billings). 

Cyitoceias Huron^ise Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 176, text 

fig. 158a, b. 
Black Rivor: St. Joseph Island, Lake Huron. 

Oaeooeraa lycua (Hall). 

Oithoceras lycum Hfdl, Rep. Supt. Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, 1861, p. 45. 
Oncoceras lycus Whitfield, Mem. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1, pt. 2, 1895, p. 69, pi. 

9, figs. 13, 14.— Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 799, pi. 58, ^. 

1-6.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 123, fig. 1365. 
Black River (Platteville): Janesville, Wisconsin; Preston and Minneapolis, 

Minnesota. 

84243*— Bull. 92— vol 2—15 ^U 



876 BULLBTIir 92, UNITED 8TATE8 STATIOVAL MUttUM. 

Oncoeeras magnimi Wkitoftves. 

Oncoceias magnum Whiteaves, Tiaiui. Royal Soc. Canada, 7, oec. 4, 1890, p. 79, 

pi. 15, fig. 1; Pal. FoflB., Geol. Surv. Canada, 8, pt. 8, 1897, p. 290. 
Black River or Richmcmd: East Selkirk, Manitoba. 



OnoMenw magnum fntennedlitm 

OncooeraB (magnum? ru.) intermedium Wliitoavaa, Pal. Fom., GML Surv. 

Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 221, fig. 18. 
Bkick River or Ridimond: Little Black blaad. Lake Wiudlpeg, Manit/oba 

Oncocxbas MAioTOBXNBB Ckrke. See Cyrtoceias maaitobon^e. 

Oncoceras minneeotense Clarke. 

Oncoceras nunneeotense Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 798, pi. 58, 

figB. ie-18; ^. 10. 
Trenton (Proeser): Hader, Stewartville, etc., Minnesota. 

OircooBBAs mmiAFORME Whitfield. See CHnocene mumialoaMb 

Oncoceras orcae (Hall). 

Cyrtoceras orcas Hall, Rep. Sup. Geol. Surv. WisconBin, 1862, p. 43. 

Oncoceras Orcas Chamberlin, Geol. l^^sconsin, 1, 1883, p. 194, fig.— Hdl, 20& 
Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868 (extras, 1865), p. 350, pi. 17 (8), 
figs. 1, 2; rev. ed., 1870, p. 410, pi. 17, figs. 1, 2.-— Giabau and Shimer, N. A, 
Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 124, ig, 1369. 

Niagaran (Radne): Racfne and Waukedia, Wisconsin. 

Oncoceras oroides Hall. 

Oncoceras ovoides Hall, Pal. New Ycnrk, 3, 1859, p. 342, pi. 69, figa. 2a, 2b. 
Ca3rugan (Manlius): Herkimer County, New Ycnrk. 

Oncoceras pandlon Hall. 

Oncoceras pandion Hall, Rep. Supt. Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, 1861, p. 45; ibid., 
1862, p. 41, fig. 8.— Whitfield, Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 283, pi. 7, ig. 6.— 
Chamberlin, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, p. 159, fig.— Whitfield, Mem. Amer. 
Mus. Nat. Hist., 1, pt. 2, 1895, p. 69, pi. 9, figs. 20-22.— Clarke, Oeel. Miime- 
Bota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 802, pi. 58, figs. 4-6.— Grabau and Shlmer, N. A. Index 
FosBilB, 2, 1910, p. 123, iig. 1367. 

Black River (Platteville): Bdoit and Janesville, WiacoDsin; Cannon EbUb, 
Minnesota. 

Oncoceras pettitt BillingB. 

Oncoceras Pettiti Billings, Cat. SU. Foss. Anticesti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 86, ^. 26. 
Niagaran (Lockport): Grimsby, Ontario. 

Oncoceras plebeinm Hall. 

Oncoceras plebeium Hall, Rep. Sup. Geol. Surv. Wlfloonsin, 1861, p. 44.— Whit- 
field, Mem. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 1, pt. 2, 1895, p. 68, pi. 9, figs. 15-19. 
Black River (Platteville): Beloit, Wisconsin. 

Oncoceras pristlnum Ruedemann. 

(^icoceras pristlnum Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 90, 1906, p. ^> 

pi. 34, figs. 1, 2.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index FobbiIs, 2, 1910, p. 122, 

fig. 1364. 
Chazyan (Yalcour): Chazy and Plattsburg, New York. 



31SLI0GBAFHIC LIST OF GEKCEA AND SPECIES. 877 

tacoeeras 8iibr«ctum Hall. 

OftooeenBeubtectum HtU, FkJ. Ne«r Yofk, 2, 1^52, p. 94, pi. 28, f^ 11a, b. 
Low«r Clinton: Lockport, New York. 



teueer BilBnga. 
OncooensTeacer BillingB, Cat Sil. Foes. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 

86, fig. 25. 
NI^Hmn (Lodcpoft): Grimsl^, Ontario. 



Oneoetns thalw BillingB. 

Oncoceraa Thales BOlings, Cat. 811. Foes. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Cftnada, 1866, 

p. 87. 
Niagaimn (Lockport): Grimaby, Ontario. 

OicoocssAa TRSMTONBNflB Ledoy. See Cyrtoceraa trentonense. 

O a ato r— timydHHi Sdnic^crt 

O ntw: <t aB t niwi4wm Scbuchert, Fkttc XT. S. Nat Mas., 22, 1900, p. 172, pi. 14, figs. 



MofaMrkiaa: Hend ctf FroMier Bay, Baflin Land. 
CblnMi.— Oat. No. 28120, XT«S.N J(. 

Oaeoeeras Taaiforme Dwi^t 

OncocnBB vadfonne Dwi^t, Amer. Jour. Sd. Arts, Sd 0«r., 27, 1884, p. 257, 

pi. 7, 1^ 10, 10a. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): RocUala, New Tofk. 

Oneoeeras whlteaTesI Miller. 

Oncoc«nB gibbosam Wbiteaves (not Hall, 1847), Trans. Boy. Soc. CJanada, 7, 

sec. 4, 1890, p. 80, pi. 15, figs. 2, 3. 
Oncoceias wbUeavest lOller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1st App., 1892, p. 697.— Wbiteaves, 

Fid. FosB., Oeol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 222. 
Black River or Richmond: Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba. 

OsTCHOPTXBUS (Harke and Ruedemann. See' Euryptorus subgenus Onyohoptems. 

90CKEA8 Hyatt (Genotype: Cyrtoceras adnades Bamaide. 

OoooceraB Hyatt, Pzoc. Boston Soc. Nat BM,, 22, 1883, p. 280. 
OoceriB Foord, (jat Foob. Ceph. British Mus., 1, 1884, p. 262, footnoto.^-^rabau 

and Shinier, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 125.-- Hyatt, Zitlel-Baslman 

Teztb. Pal., 1900, p. 530; 2d ed., 1913, p. 610. 



kfari^ (Wbi<Aeki). 
(Cyrtoceras Kirbyi Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat Hist, 2, 1889, p. 57, pi. 10, 

figs. 4-7.— Cleland, Bull. Amer. Pal., 3, 1900, p. 131 (259), pi. 17, figs. 3, 4. 
OocerM kirbyi Ruedemann, Bull. New York Stato Mus., 90, 1906, p. 495. 
^^■f*«iH*" (Beekmantown): Beekmantown and Port Hunter, New Yoric 

Ooseraa(f) IntlTeairum Ruedemann. 

Oooma(7) lativentrum Ruedemann, Bull. New York Stoto Mus., 90, 14, 1906, 

p. 487, pi. 35, figs. 7-10, fig. 52.— Chrabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 

2, 1910, p. 125, fig. 1370. 
Cbai^an (Valcour): Isle La Motte, Vermont; Valcour Island, New York. 

6oeerM(r) perkinid Ruedemann. 

Oocc9as(7) perkiiMi Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 90, 1906, p. 499, 

pi. 34, figs. 4, 5, figs. 53-55. # 

Chasyan (Valcour): Isle La Motto, Vermont; Valcour Island and CStaay, New 

Yoik. 



878 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Oooeras(f) rael (Whitfield). 

Gyrtoceias raei Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mua. Nat. Hist., 2, 1889, p. 58, pi. 10, 

figs. 8, 9. 
OocetB8(7) raei Buedemann, Bull. New York State Mub., 90, 1906, p. 496. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Beekmantown, New York. 

Oooeras seelyt Ruedemaun. 

Ooceras seelyi Ruedemaim, Bull. New York State Hub., 90, 1906, p. 496, pi. 38, 

figs. 7-11, fig. 51.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Foasila, 2, 1910, p. 125. 
Chazyan (Valcour): Isle La Motte, Vermont; near Ghazy and Plattsbuig, New 

York. 

Ofbxlkta (part) of authors. See Eccylioptenis Remele. 

OPHILETA Vanuxem. Genotype: O. complanata Vanuxem. 

Ophileto Vanuxem, Nat. Hist. New York, 3, 1842, p. 36.— Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 
1847, p. 11.— Pictet, Traits de Pal., 2d ed., 3, 1855, p. 154.— Salter, GeoL 
Surv. Canada, dec. 1, 1859, pp. 10, 16.— Hitchcock, QeoL Vermont, 1, 1861, 
p. 271.— Koken, Neues Jahrfo. Min., Creol. Pal., 6, Beilage-Band, 1889, p. 407; 
. ibid., 1, 1898, p. 23.— MiUer, N. A. GeoL Pal., 1889, p. 413.— Glabra and 
Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 656. 

Ophlleta abdtta Billings. 

Ophileta abdita Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 189. 
Canadian: Point Levis and Phillipsburg, Quebec. 

OphUeta alturensls Sardeson. 

Ophileta alturensis Sardeson, Bull. Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sd., 4, 1896, p. 98, pL 

5, figs. 3, 4. 
Ozarkian (Oneota): Dreebach, Altura, and Mankato, Minnesota. 

Ofhilbta ANOULABI8 Miller. See Ophiletina angularis. 

Ophileta bella Billings. 

Ophileta? bella Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 310, fig. 

301ar-c.— Koken, Neues Jahrb. Min., Geol. Pal., 6, Beilage-Band, 1889, 

p. 408.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 657, fig. 905. 
Helicotoma uniangulata Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 356 (loc. occ.). 
Ophileta uniangulata Billings (not HaU), Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, 

p. 246. 
Canadian: Bedford, Stanbridge, etc., Quebec (Beekmantown): Cow Head, New- 

foimdland (Quebec — P). 

Ophileta compaota Salter. 

Ophileta compacta Salter, Quart. Jour. Creol. Soc. London, 15, 1859, p. 378, pi. 13, 
fig. 12.— Billings, Canadian Nat. GeoL, 4, 1859, p. 356 (loc. occ.).— Salter, Geol. 
Surv. Canada, dec. 1, 1859, p. 16, pi. 3, figs. l*-3. — Chapman, Canadian Jour., 
n. s., 7, 1862, p. 120, fig. 121; ibid., 8, 1863, p. 190, fig. 158.— BillingB, Geol. 
Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 102, figs. 9a, b; p. 115, figs. 23 a, b.— 
Chapman, Expos. Min. Geol. Canada, 1864, p. 124, fig. 121; p. 162, fig. 158.— 
Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 246.— Lesley, Ged. 
Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 499, figs.- Keyes, Missouri GeoL 
Surv., 5, 1894, p. 162. 

Cuttadian (Beekmantown): Beauhamois, near Montreal, Quebec, etc. 
Observation. — See Ophileta complanata. 



BIBUOGBAPHIC LIST OF GENEBA AND SPECIES. 879 

Ophfleta eompUmata Vanuxem. 

OphOeta complanata Vanuxem, Nat. Hist. New York, Geol., 3, 1842, p. 36, fig. 2.— 
KmnHWw, ibid., 2, 1842, p. 179, fig. 2. — Owen, Amer. Jour. Sci. Art8,47, 1844, 
p. 357, 358, fig. 2.— Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 11, fig. 2, pi. 3, fig. 6.— 
Koken, Neues Jahrb. Min. Geol. Pal., 6, Beilage-Band, 1889, p. 477.~Wliit- 
field. Bull. Amer. Mua. Nat. Hist., 2, 1889, p. 48, pi. 7, figs. 18-25.— Ledey, 
GeoL Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 499, figs.-— Cleland, Bull. Amer. 
Plal.. 3, 1900, p. 124 (252).— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1 (3), 
1909, p. 656, fig. 904.— Bassler, Bull. Virginia Geol. Surv., 2a, 1909, pi. 8, 
figs. 1, 2.— Seely, V^mont State Geol. Rep., 7, 1910, pi. 60, figs. 1-3.— Cleland, 
Bun. Amer. Pal., 4, 1912, p. 15. 

Strapttiollus complanatus Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 157, pi. 5, 
fig. 2. 

Schisoaioma complanatum Clarke and Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 
65, 1903, p. 561 (gen. ref.). 

CMwuHan (Beekmantown): Mohawk Valley, Beekmantown, etc., New York; 
P^miBylvania, Maryland, Virginia, etc. 
Obaervation.— The above synonymy and also that of Ophileta compacta is 
in need of revision, as several generic types are embraced under O. compacta 
alone. 

OphOeta eomplanats nana Meek. 

Ophileta complanata var. nana Meek, U. S. Geol. Expl., 40th Paral., 4, 1877, 

p. 17, pi. 1, figs. la-b. 
Cmadian; Ute Peak, south of Muddy Creek of Bear River, Utah. 

OniLCTA DISCUS Cleland. See Ophileta levata. 

Othiuta? msjuNCTA Billings. See Eccyliopterus diquncta. 

OpUeU faiista Sardeson. 

Ophileta fausta Sardeson, Bull. Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sci., 4, 1896, p. 75, pi. 8, 

figs. 8, 9. 
St. Peter: His^iland Park, Minnesota. 

l^hOeta lerata Vanuxem. 

Ophileta levata Vanuxem, Nat. Hist. New York, Geol. 3, 1842, p. 36, fig.l.— 

Emmons^ ibid., 2, 1842, p. 179, fig. 1.— Owen, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 47, 1844, 

pp. 357, 358, fig. 1.— Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 11, fig. 1, pi. 3, figs. 

4, 5.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 500, fig.— Oleland, 

BulL Amer. Pal., 4, 1903, p. 16. 
Ophileta discus Cleland, Bull. Amer. Pal., 3, 1900, p. 124 (252), pi. 15, figs. 5, 6. 
StraparoDus levatus Kmmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 157, pi. 5, fig. 1. 
Schizostcnna levatum Clarke and Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 65, 

190S, p. 561 (gen. ref.). 
Ouiadian (little F^dls): Canajoharie, Tribes Hill, Little Fftlls, etc.. New York. 

Ophileta nerlne Billings. 

OphileU Nerine Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 245, figs. 

232a, b.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 414, fig. 689. 
Ouiadian (Quebec— F): Bay of St. John, Newfoundland. 

OnsLKtA OrrAWAXNSis Billings. See Eccyliopterus ottawaensis. 

Opbzlsta owsnana Meek and Worthen. See Eccyliopterus owenanus. 

Ophileta profunda Billings. 

Ophikta iHTofunda Billings, Pal. Fobs., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 188. 
Omkian? (Levis— erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 



68G BULLBIIXr 92^ UNITED STATES STATIOKAL KU8SUH. 

Ophilita 80RDIDA Lesley. See Maclmitee sofdidA. 

Obbmlwul BUBLkXA Ifilkr. See OpbiletiiiA sublaxa. 

OvmLRTX UNiAKOULATA BHUiigs. See Ophileta bella. 

OPHILETINA Ulrich and Scofield. Qenotype: 0. sublaxa Ulridi and Scofield. 
Ophiletina TTIrich and Scofield, Geol. Minneeota, 3, pt. 2, 1887, p. IQ28. — Gimbaa 
and Shimer, N. A. Index Fofisilfl, 1, 1909, p. 657. 

Ophflettna angularis Ulridi and Scofield. 

Ophiletina angularifl Ulrich and Scofield, Qeo\, Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 1031, 

pi. 74, figs. 43^l«. 
Ophileta angularis Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 769 (gen. ref .). 
Black Biver (Decorah): Near Gannon Falls, Minnesota, 
^olo^pe.— Cat. No. 46946, U.S.NJtf. 

OphUettna sublaxa Ulrich and Scofield. 

Ophiletina soblaxa Ubidi and Scofield, Geol. MinnenCa, 8, pt. 2, 1897, p. 1030, 

pi. 74, figs. 40^42 and 47.— Gtabau and Shimer, N. A. Index FomOb, 1, 1009, 

p. 657, fig. 906a, b. 
Ophileta sublaza MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 769 (gen. lef .). 
Black Kiver (Platteville): Minneapolis, Minnesota; Mineral Point, WiBconain; 

Dixon, Illinois. 
Oo^pet.— Cat. No. 46947. U.S.N3i. 

Ophfletlna sublaxa depressa Ulrich and Scofield. 

Ophiletina sublaxa var. depressa Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 

1897, p. 1030, pi. 74, fig. 42. 
Stones River (Murfreesboro): Murfreesboro, Tennessee. 
Eolatype.—CtX. No. 46070, U.S.N.M. 

Ophiletina sublaxa sequena Ulrich and Scofield. 

Ophiletina sublaxa var. sequens Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 

1897, p. 1031. 
Trenton (Prosser): Wykoff, Minnesota 
JSb^type.— Cat. No. 46948, U.S.N.M. 

enSTHOrrSRA Meek. 

Genotype: Ambonychia (Ifegaptera) casei Meek and Worthen. 
Opisthoptera Meek, Pioc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelirfiia, 1872, p. 320, footnote; 
Ctel. Surv. Ohio Pal., 1, 1873, p. 131, footnote.— White, Amer. Jour. Sci. 
Arts, 3d ser., 9, 1875, pp. 318-820*— Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 
642.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Bep. Dep. GeoL Nat Res. Indiana, 1906, p. 962. 
Megaptera Meek and Worthen, Pioc. (Chicago Acad. Nat. 8oi., 1, 1866, p. 22. 
(Not Megaptefm Gray, 1846.)— White, Cincinnati Quart Jonr. Sd., 1, 1874, p. 
326.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1881, p. 36. 

Uplalheptera altemata Ulrich. 

Opisthoptera altemata Ulrich, Qeol, Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 644, pi. 49, ^. 9-lL 
Richmond (WaynesviUe): Waynesville, Ohio. 
Cbtypef .— Cat. No. 46262, U.S.N.M. 

Opisthoptera ampla Ulrich. 

Opisthoptera ampla Ubich, Qeol, Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 647, pi. 47, ^. 7. 
Mi^^Bville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio, 
flbtotype.— Cat No. 46263, U.S.N.M. 



BIBLIOGBAFHIC UBT OF GUrSBA. AND SPECIES. 881 

•piitkoptera eaael (Medc and Wordien). 

AiBbanydiia (Meg^ten) casei Meek and Worthai, Pioc. Chicago Acad. Sci., 1, 

1866, p. 23; Geol. Snnr. Illinoia, 3, 1868, p. 337. 
Opiadboptoa caaei Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 643, pi. 49, jQga. 1-5.— 

Comingi, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 1011, pi. 47, 

figs. 1,1a. 
Birliinond : Richmond, etc., Indiana (Whitewater); Waynesville and Claricsville, 

Ohio; near Lebanon, Kentocky. 
PleMOfypet.— €at. Noe. 46204, 46265, U.S Ji Jf . 

Opiittopteim ooneordensto Foerate. 

Op ig tfK yteia conccodensis Fo^ste, BuU. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, p. 

70, pL 1, fig. 9. 
BidhinoDd (Arnheim): East of Concord, Kentucky. 

OptoUu^term eKtenuata Ulrich. 

Opislliopteim eztoraata Uhrich, Geol. Sorv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 645, ^, 2and. 
mrlimfttwi (Waynesville): Warren County, Ohio. 
Bblo^tpe.— 43at. No. 46266, U.S J^ JL 

•Oplitiioptera issleoata (Meek). 

Ambonydiia (Megaptera) caaei? Meek, Ohio Ptd., 1, 1873, p. 133. (fiasicosta 

suggested.) 
OpisOioptera fia sicosta Uhrich, Geol. Burr. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 644, pi. 49, figs. 9 and 

11; p. 645, fig. 
Rkfamood (Waynesville): Waynesville, Clarksville, etc., Ohio. 
Pleiib^pe.— Cat. No. 46267, n.S.N.M. (Ulridi). 

OpMkoptavft IsttoosUta Ulrich. 

Opisthoptera laticostata Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 646, pi. 47, fig. 6. 
Rirhmond (Waynesville): Wanen County, Ohio. 
£Uo%pe.— Cat. No. 46268, U.S.N Jf. 

Optothoptera notabOis Uhtdi. 

Optstbopteia notabilis Uhrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 648, pi. 49, fig. 16. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Bciotjfpe.'-CeLt. No. 46269, U.S.N.M. 

Opirtlioptera obttqua Ulrich. 

Opisthoptera obliqua Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, pi. 49, figs. 6-^. — Cumings, 
:^^-1 Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1906, p. 1012, pi. 47, figs. 2, 2b. 
Richmond (Whitewater): Richmond, Indiana, 
ifolotypf .— Cat. No. 46270, U.S.N Jf. 

Obbkuia? DKrosMATA Hall. See Archinacella deformata. 

Mileiilat eseentriea Emmons. 

Orfoicula excentrica Enmions, Amer. Creol., 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 112, pi. 1, fig. 4. — 
Bazrande, Bull. Soc. Geol. France, 2d ser., 18, 1861, p. 300, pi. 5, fig. 17.— 
Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 502, %.— Schuchert, 
Bull. U. S. GeoL Surv., 87, 1897, p. 277. 
Cruiia excentrica Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 341. 
Lower Martinsbmg: Augusta County, Viiginia. 
Observatiofn. — ^Ptobably an Archinacella. 

QmouLA? VIL08A HalL See Schizocrania filoea. 

Qmbkuul hMMMLUOBk QaU. Soo Oibiculoidea lamdloea. 



882 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Orbicxtla parmulata Hall. See Orbiculoidea pannulata. 
Orbicxtla prima Owen. See Obolus matinalU. 

Obbicula? BQUAiOFORMis Hall. See Fholidops squamifonnis. 
Orbicula? subtrungata Hall. See Pholidops subtnincata. 
Orbicula TENUiLAicELLATA Hall. See Schizotreta tenuilamellata. 
Orbicula terionalis EmmonB. See Trematis terminalis. 
Orbicula truncata EmmonB. See Orbiculoidea lamellosa. 

ORBICULOIDEA D*Orbigny. Genotype: Orbicula morrifli Davidson. 

Orbiculoidea D'Orbigny, Oompt. Rend, de I'Acad. Sd., 25, 1847, p. 269; Pro- 
drome de Pal., 1, 1850, p. 44.— Davidson, British Foss. Brach., Pal. Soc., 1853, 
p. 129.-— Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 200.— Pictet, Traite de 
Pal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 70.— Davidson, Mon. British Sil. Brach. Pal. Soc., 
1866, p. 72.— Dall, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 3, 1871, p. 37; Amer. Jount 
Conch., 7, 1871, p. 74.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1880, p. 667.— Herrick, Bull. 
ScL Lab. Denison Univ., 4, 1888, p. 12.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. , 
366.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York,. 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 125, fig. 64; p. 128, 
f^, 160; pp. 160, 168.— Beecher, Amer. Jour. Sci., 3d ser., 44, 1892, p. 148.— 
Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 363. — Beecher, Amer. 
Nat., 27, 1893, p. 600.— Hall and Clarke, 11th Ann. Rep. New York State GeoL, 
1894, p. 256.— Ex>ken, Die Leitfosailien, Leip^dg, 1896, p. 230, £g. 189, 3, 4.— 
Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 761.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. 
Nat. Sc., 6, 1899, p. 183.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, 
p. 204.— Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1900, p. 310; ibid., 2d ed., 
1913, p. 377. 

Disdna Hall (not Lamarck), Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 159; 16th Rep. New YoA 
State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1863, p. 130; 1867, p. 15. 

Orbiculoidea gonica Dwight. See Schizotreta conica. 

Orbiculoidea filora Emmons. See Schizocrania filosa. 

Orbiculoidea hartl Clarke. 

Orbiculoidea Hartii Clarke, Arch. Mus. Nac. Rio de Janeiro, 10, author's Engl, ed., 

1900, p. 7, pi. 1, figs. 5, 6. 
Silurian: Rio Trombetas, Brazil. 

Orbiculoidea Umellosa (Hall). 

Orbicula lamellosa Hall (not Broderip, 1833), Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 99, pi. 30, 
fig. 10. 

Orbiculoidea lamellosa Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pi. 4E, 
fig. 12.— Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 364, pi. 29, 
fig. 25.— Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 279.— Weller, GeoL 
Surv. New Jersey, Pal. 3, 1903, p. 147, pi. 9, figs. 1, 2.— Grabau and Shimer, 
N. A. Index FoflBUs, 1, 1907, p. 204. 

Discina lamellosa Hitchcock, GeoL Vermont, 1, for 1861, 1862, p. 293, ^, 197. 

Orbicula truncata Emmons, Amer. Geology, 3, 1855, p. 200, fig. 62. 

Discinia truncata Emmons, Manual Geol., 1860, p. 99. 

Discina circe Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foas., 1, 1863, p. 61, fig. 55.— 
Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 344, fig. 561.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Penns^- 
vania. Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 209, fig.— Billings, Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 159, fig. 
125. 



BIBUOGRAPHIC LIST OP GENERA AND SPECIES. 883 

Orbiculoldea lameflosa — Continued. 

Trenton: Middleville, Lowville, etc., New York; Belleville and Ottawa, Ontario; 

JackBonbnrg, New Jersey. 
?Bichinond (Maquoketa): Spring Valley, Minnesota. 

Orbleolotdea iiiimulii» Hall and Clarke. 

Orbiculoidea numulufl Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 178, 

pL 4E, fig. 14; 48th Rep. New York State Mus., 2, 1895, p. 333, pi. 2, fig. 11; 

1401 Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 333, pi. 2, fig. 11. 
Cayugan (Manlius): MarHhall, New York. 

(hmscuvowKA (Schizotbbta) oyaus Hall and Clarke. See Schizotreta ovalis. 

Orbleiiloidea parmulata (Hall). 

Orbicula parmulata Hall, Geol. New York; Rep. 4th Dist., 1843, p. 48, fig. 4.—- 

Owen, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 48, 1845, p. 300, fig. 4.— Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 

1852, pi. 4, ^. 3. 
Diacina parmulata Lincklaen, 14th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1861, 

pi. 5, fig. 4. 
Orbiculoidea parmulata Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 281. 
Upper Medinan: Medina and Lockport, New York. « 

Orbienloidea scfaucliertl Swartz. 

Orbiculoidea schucherti Swartz, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, p. 292, 

pi. 53, figs. 6. 7. 
Helderbergian (Keyser): Dawson, Maryland. 

Orbieuloidea subpUna (Hall). 

Disdna tenuilamellata var. subplana Hall. Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 144. — 

Dawson, Acadian Geol., 3d ed., 1878, p. 595. 
Orbiculoidea subplana Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 281. 
Siluriim: Arisaig, Nova Scotia. 

OsBicuLoroEA (ScHizoTRBTA?) TBNXTiLAKELLATA Hall and Clarke. See Schizotreta 
tenuilamellata. 

OrMeiiloideA tenulstrlata (Ulrich). 

Disdna tenuistriata Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1878, p. 96, pi. 4, 

fig. 10. 
Orbiculoidea tenuistriata Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, p. 281. — Ruede- 

mann. Bull. New York State Mus., 162, 1912, p. 91, pi. 4, tig. 2. 
Eden: Covington, Kentucky (Economy); Frankfort Gulf, New York (Frankfort). 

Orbiculoidea truncata Emmons. 

Orbiculoidea truncata Enunons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855; p. 200, ^, 62. 

Trenton: MiddleviUe, New York. 

Observation. — ^Not recognized. Probably a Shizotreta. 

Orbknloldea Tanuxeml (Hall). 

Disdna vanuxemi Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 162, pi, 8, ^, 1. 
Orbiculoidea vanuxemi Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 282. 
Cayugan (Manlius): Manliun-equare, New Yor^. 

OEBIGNTELLA UHch and Bassler. 

Crenotype: 0. sublamellosa Ulrich and Bassler. 

Orbignyella Ulrich and Bassler, Smiths. Misc. Coll. (quart, issue), 47, 1904, p. 18. — 
Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 26; Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 77, 
1911, pp. 181, 182. 

Monticulipora (part) Ulrich, Joiur. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, pp. 
153, 232; Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, pp. 370, 407. 



884 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Orbl^nyeUa blUlngsl (Foord). 

MoaticuUpora BilliDgsi Foord, Gontr. Micro-Pal. Cambro-Sil., 1883, p. 8, pL 1, 

figs. 2>2c. 
Orbignyella? billingai UMch and Battler, Smiths. Misc. CM., 47, 1004, p. 19 

(g&a, ref.). 
Trenton: Ottawa, Ontario. 

Orbignyella expansa (Kinguebeiig). 

Cbsetetes expansos Ilingaebeig> Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1886, p. 20, 

pi. 2, ^, 17. 
Oibignydla? expanmiB Ulrich and Baasler, Smifiie. Miac. Coll., 47, 1904, p. 19 

(gen. ref.).— Baeder, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv. 292, 1906, p. 26, pL 10, fig». 

5-8. 
Clinton (Bocheeter): Lockport, Niagara Goige, and Rochester, New York; 

Grimsby, Ontario. 
Plaiotype8,-^Skt, No. 36641, U.S.N.M. 

OrblgnyeUa lamellosa (Ulrich). 

Monticulipora lamellosa Ulrich, Geol. Sunr. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 408, pi. 82, figs. 

' 4-4b.— J. F. James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 18, 1896, p. 83. 
Orbignyella lamellosa Ulrich and Bassler, Smidis. Misc. Coll., Quart, 47, 1904, p. 

20, pL 6, ^, 10. 
Richmond (Femvale): Wilmington, Illinois. 
Fragment of holotype.—Cskt. No. 43303, U.S.N Jf . 

Orblgnyefla magnopora Bassler. 

Orbignyella magnopora Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 27, pi. 10, 

figs. 9-12. 
Clinton (Rochester): Grimsby, Ontario; Lockport and Rochester, New York. 
Folo^pe.— Cat. No. 36637, U.S.N JM[. 

Orbignyella sublamellosa Ulrich and Bassler. 

Orbignyella sublamelloea Ulrich and Bassler, Smiths. Misc. Coll., Quart., 47, 

1904, p. 19, pi. 6, figs. 7-9. 
Stones River (Pierce): Murfreesboro, Tennessee. 
Fototyp«.— Cat. No. 43174, U.S.N.M. 

Orbignyella wetherbyl (Ulrich). 

Monticulipora wetherbyl Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 6, 1882, p. 
239, pi. 10, figs. 4rAh; 14th Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minnesota, 
1886, p. 129. — James and James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 11, 1888, p. 
24.— Ulrich, Contr. Micro-Pal. Cambro-Sil., pt. 2, 1889, p. 30; GesoL Minne- 
sota, 3, 1893, p. 218, pi. 16, figs. 7, 8.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., 3, 1897, p. 162. 

Orbignyella wetherbyi Ulrich and Bassler, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 47, 1904, p. 19 (gen. 

Black River: High Bridge, Kentucky (Lowville); Minneapolis, Minnesota 

(Platteville); St. Andrews, Manitoba. 
Co^j>e».— Cat. No. 43690, U.S.N.M. 

OitBiTniiiTBS bbhoulata Owen. See Ischadites iowensis. 

Obiostoka (part) LindstrOm. See Poleumita Clarke and Ruedemann. 

OBMATHICHNUS Miller. Genotype: O. moniliformis Miller. 

Ormathichnus Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 2, 1880, p. 222.— JameB, 
ibid., 8, 1886, pp. 160, 161.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 414. 



BIKJOGBAPHIC UBT OP QENXRA. ANI> SPE0IB8. 885 

•mathiehiiiis moniliformis MiUer. 
OrmUhirhaiifl monilifomiis Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat Hist, 2, 1884, p. 

222, pi. 14, figs. 4, 5. 
Urn (EoQOomy): WaU»r Mill Road, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

OaiocuAs Stokes. See Actinoceias Bnmn. 

OoRMSSAS AXOKPB Chapman. See Gonioceras anceps. 

Ouocsaas BwoHaHiAsm Owen. See Actinoc«^» richardBoni. 

OnocxaAS Ltoni Hector. See Actinoceras bigsbyl. 

OixocBRiB MONHJFORiiB Hall. See Lozoceras monilifoime. 

6IM0CUNUS 8i>ringer. Grenotype: CentrocriniiB tenneneenais Worthen. 

Onttocnmis S prin ger, Mom. Ciin. Flex., Smith. Inst (in pren). 

Oia o n lnns tennesseensls (Worthen). 

Ccntiociinus tenneeseensis Worthen, Geol. Snrv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 95, pi. 14, 

Idiocfiniis? tcnnciiieonwii WachsmnJh and Springer, Mem. Mas. Comp. ZooL, 

Harvaxd^ 20, 1897, p. 206, pi. 18, fig. 11. 
Omocrinas ten no a ooon flis Springer, Mon. Crin. Flex., Smith. Inst, (in "ptem), 
Kiagaian (Bvownsport): Near Clifton, Wayne County, Tennenee. 

OniosnaACrfabaaandShimer. See Omospim Ulrich. 

OmODniM Hall and Clarke. Genot3rpe: Orthis gemmicula BUlings. 

Orthidiun Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 244; 11th Ann. 
B^. New York State C^l., 1894, p. 276.— Miller, N. A. Geol. PaL, 2d App., 
1897, p. 762. 

OtttUhim gommleiila (BilHngB). 

(Mus gemmicnia Billings, Pal. Fosrils, 1, Geol. Sunr. Canada, 1866, p. 75, fig. 

68 (adv. aheets 1862). 
Oithidiom gemmicula Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt 1, 1892, pp. 217, 

244, pL 7A, figs. 22-25. 
Omkian 7 (Levis— erratic): Point Levis, Quebec. 

Orthldtnm lameUosum Raymond. 

Orflkidiam lamellofla Raymond, Amer. Jour. ScL, 4tli ser., 20, 1905, p. 371; Ann. 

Carnegie Mus., 7, 1911, p. 248, pi. 36, figs. 17, 18; fig. 24. 
Cbttyan (Crown Point, Valcour): Valcour and Sloop Islands, Chazy and Crown 
Point, New York. 

OVnnS Dalman (emend. Hall and Clarke). (Genotype: O. caUigramma Dahnan 
Orthis Dalman, Kongl. Svenska Yet. Akad. Handl., 1828, pp. 93, 96.— Hall and 
Ckrke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 192.— Winchell and Schuchert, 
GeoL Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 417.— Hall and Clarke, 11th Ann. Rep. State 
GeoL Surv., 1894, p. 265.— Wysogorski, Zeit. d. d. geol. Gesell., 52, 1900, p. 
225.— Grabau, BuIL New York State Mus., 9, 1901, p. 185; Bull. Buffalo Soc. 
Nat Sd., 7, 1901, p. 185.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fooils, 1, 1907, 
p. 2S0.— Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1900, p. 319; 2d ed., 1913, 
P.38L 
Ortliii of anthoiB. 

Orthis Emmons, Amer. Geol., 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 193.— BiUings, Canadian Nat. 
Geol., 1, 1856, p. 133.— Pictet, TraitedePal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 55.— CJhapman, 
Obnadtan Jour., n. s., ?, 1858, p. 160; ibid., 7, 1862, p. HI.— Hitdioock, QeoL 



886 BULLETiiar 92, united states katiokal hitsbum. 

Ordiia of authors — Continued. 

Vermont, 1, 1862, p. 294.— Chapman, Expofl. Min. Geol. Canada, IBM, p. 
114.— Hall, Pal. New York, 4, 1867, p. 33.— MiUer, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. 
Sd., 2, 1875, pp. 19, 20.— Winchell, 8th Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Sonr. 
Minnesota, 1880, p. 63.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, Munich, 1880, p. 074.— 
Shaler, Fossil Brachiopoda of Ohio Valley, 1887, p. 18.— Henick, Bull. Sd. 
Lab. Denison Univ., 4, 1888, p. 14.— Netteboth, Kentucky Foes. Shells, 
Mem. Geol. Surv. Kentucky, 1889, p. 34. — ^Hall, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., 1. 
1889, p. 19.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 356.— HaU and Clarke, Pal. 
New York, 8, pt 1, 1892, pp. 185, 186; 11th Ann. Rep. New York State Ge<d., 
1894, p. 264.— Koken, Die Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 235, figs. 195, 5. 

Ohthis (group of O. plicatella) Hall. See Plectorthis Hall and Clarke. 

Obthis (group of O. testudinaria) Hall. See Dalmanella Hall and Clarke. 

Orthis (Obusia) Walcott. See Eoorthis Walcott. 

Obthis (Plectobthis) Walcott. See Eoorthis Walcott. 

Obthis (Plattbtbophia) acuionata James. See Platystrophia acuminata. 

OrthIs(f) acuminata Billings. 

Orthis? acuminata Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 440, ^. 19; GeoL 
Canada, 1863, p. 130, fig. 59.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 
1889, p. 507, figs.- Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 7, 1911, p. 246, fig, 21. 

Chazyan (Aylmer): Caug^mawaga, Canada. 

Obthis (Plattbtbophia) acutilibata Meek. See Platystrophia acutilirata. 

Obthis acxttiloba Ringueherg. See Bilohites acutilohus. 

Orthis aeutlpllcata Raymond. 

Orthis acutiplicata Raymond, Amer. Jour. Sci., 20, 1905, p. 370; Ann. Carnegie 

Mus., 7, 1911, p. 237, pi. 35, figs. 8-10. 
Chazyan (Day Point): Valcour Island, New York. 

Obthis jbquivalva Shaler. See Rhipidomella uberis. 

Obthis jbquivalvis Hall. See Plectorthis sequivalvis. 

Obthis alata Shaler. See Orthis fiabellites. 

Orthi8(7) altemans Castelnau. Not recognized. 

Orthis altemans Castelnau, Essai Syst. Sil. PAmeiique Septentrionale, 1843, 

p. 38, pi. 14, fig. 2. 
^Erratic block. Lake of the Woods." 



<(' 



Obthis am (bka Winchell. See Pianodema amoena. 

Obthis annibana James. See Platystrophia annieana. 

Obthis anticostiensis Shaler. See Dinorthis (Plsesiomys) porcata aniicostieiiflis. 

Orthlsf aplealls (Billings). 

Orthis? apicalis Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 801, fig. 

291.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 217.— Schuchfirt, 

Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 283. 
Ozarkian?: Point Levis (Levis-erratics) and Island of Orleans, Quebec. 

Obthis (Dalmanblla) abcvabia Hall and Clarke. See Dalmandla arcoaria. 



BIBUOOBAPHIG LIST OF GEKEBA AND 8FE0IB8. 887 

ABiCAMDA Billingi. See Syntiophia? annanda. 

(FtBOTOBTHis) ATiLYA Walcott. See Eoorthia atava. 

BAMAMWDnoB Wiiich^. See Syntropliia bazabueoaa. 

Batbb BOUi^b. See Hebertella battia. 

OwawoB BHiiAJtuoo6A CoDiad. See Hebertella beUanigosa. 
Okxkib BKLLABUQoeA Hall. See Hebertella insculpta. 
(hEnaB BsUfUXiA Meek. See Fianodema bellula. 



Orthls benedleU Miller. 

Orthia benedicti Miller, 17th Bep. SUte Geol. Indiana, 1891, p. 78, pi. 13, figs. 7-9. 
Niagaran (Waldion): Hartsville, Indiana. 

Okthxb BIOO0TATUS Vanuxem. See Reticularia bicoatata. 

Obxhib BiroRATA Nichdaon. See Platystrophia lynx. 

ChoHia (Plattbtbophia) bivorata Foerete. See Flatyatiophia daytonenaia and F. 



OsxBiB (Flatybtbophia) biforata var. acutelibata Lesley. See FlatyBtrophia 



Obsbib (Flatybtbophia) bivobaxa var. dbntata Lesley. See Flatyatiophia cnuna. 
OwTBm (FtiATTBTBOPHiA) BIFORATA var. LATI008TATA Lesley. See FlatyBtrophia 



Okxbis (Flatybtbophia) biforata var. lynx Meek. See FlatyBtrophia lynx. 

Obzhu biforata var. lynx forma daytonbnsis Foerste. See FlatyBtrophia day- 
tonenflia. 

OsnoB BIFORATA var. LYNX forma rbvbrbata Foerste. See FlatyBtrophia reveanata. 

OBiHm BIFORATU8 BillingB. See FlatyBtrophia biforata. 

Orihib biloba Hall. See Bilobites bilobus. 

Orihib bibulcata Emmons. See Cyclospira bisulcata. 

Obxhib borbaus Meek. See Hebertella frankfortensiB. 

Obxhib borbalis BilHngB. See Hebertella borealis. 

Orthls eallBette Rmmioiilca Clarke. 

Orthia callactiB var. amazonica Clarke, Arch. Mub. Rio de Janeiro, 10, author's 

EngL ed., June, 1900, p. 9, pi. 1, figs. 17-21. 
Sihnian: Rio Trombetas, Brazil. 

Ortliis eamgrainma Eayser. 

Orthia calligramma Kayser (not Davidson), Filsdontographica, Suppl. 3, 1876, 

pp. 18, 26, pi. 3, figs. 9-18. 
Ordovidan: CordillereSan Juan, Argentina. 

Observation. — ^ThsBe shellB appear to be more closely related to O. plicatella 
than to O. calligramma (Schuchert). 

Orihib callioramsca FoecBte. See Orthis flabellites. 



888 BXTLLBnV 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MXJSBUM. 

Obthis calugbamma var. DAvmBOsi Nidiolum uid Hinde. See Orthte 
Obthis caluobaxma var. ihnobtbis Foerete. See OrtinB^abeUttwdhiortfaia. 

Obthis calugbamma vwr. Buoimua Focrate. See OrtliM flabeBHes eaarUdflL 

Obthis (Dinobthis) calugbamma var. ussqcfligata Foerete. See Orlfau 
fiflsiplicata. 

Obthis canaub Hall. See Dalinanella elegantula. 

Orthls earausU Salter. 

Orthis caraiudi (Salter, MS.) Davidson, Geol. Bfag. LondoQ, 5, 1866, p. 915, pi. IB, 

fig. 23.— Hoek, Neues Jahrb. Min. Geol., Pal., 34, 1912, p. 222. 
Ortliis carauBii? Matthew, Trans. Boyal Soc. Canada, 10, 1S93, p. 102, pi. 7, £g. 7. 
Lowest Ordovicdan: England; near St. John, New Brunswick (Bretonian — Div. 

G3a); Bolivia. 

Obthis cablbti Hall. See Dinorthis carleyi. 

Obthis cbntbiuneata Hall. See Dalmanella centrilineata. . 

Obthis centbosa Bliller. See Platystrophla crassa. 

Obthis chablottb Winehell. See Dinorthis pectinella. 

Obthis cibculabis Winehell. See Pianodema subeequata drcularis. 

Osnas cmcuLAHiB Owen. See Rhipidcnnella circulans. 

OvrssB ciBCULTTS Hall, dee Khipidomella circulus. 

Obthis cmcmNATiBNSis Miller. See Orthis(7) pumila. 

Obthis clttie Hall. See Heterorthis dytie. 

Obthis colobadobnbis Shumard. See Billingsella coloradoensis. 

Obthis colokadobnsis Meek. See Eoorthis desmopleiua. 

Obthis concinna Hall. See Dalmanella concinna. 

Obthis conbadi Winehell. See Pianodema subeequata conradi. 

Orthls corlnna Billings. 

Orthis corinna Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, Geol. Smrv. Canada, 1865, p. 302, fig. 292. 
Orthis? corinna Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 217. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Stanbridge, Quebec. 

Obthis cobpulenta Sardeson. See Dalmanella corpidenta. 

Orthls eoBtsHs Hall. 

Orthis costalis Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 20, pi. 4, fig. 4a (not 4b-4c); 2d 

Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1883, pi. 84, fig. 35.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. 

New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 221, 228, pi. 5, figs. 16-17.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. 

Pennsylvania, Kep. P 4, 1889, p. 512, figs.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 

FoBsils, 1, 1907, p. 250, fig. 300a-b.— Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 7, 1911, 

p. 235, pi. 35, fig. 4. 
Middle Chazy or Black River: Chazy, New York. 

Obthis costata Hall. See Orthi8(7) pumila. 

Obthis costata Miller. See Platystrc^hia crassa. 



I 



BIBUOGBAPHIC LIST OF GENEBA Am) SFECIB8. 889 

OtoEMSB (PtATTSTsoFHiA) csABSA Juiiea. flee PlatyBtrqi^iia cxmm. 
Oaamm cKnrinA Emmons. See Heberteila (Glyiytortfais) crispttta. 
OuBis OIULU8 JflmeB. See Dalmsn^la emftcersta. 
Qbodb (PLiTTSimoFHiA) CTFHA James. See FlatyBtrophia cypha. 

OrtUi dmTldsoiil Vecneml. 

Ortliifl davideoni Vemeuil, Bull. Soc. 6^1. de France, 2d ser., 5, 1S48, p. 341, 

pi. 4, %. 9.— BilliBgB, Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 312, fig. 318.— Hall and Okrke, 

P^. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 192, 193, 221, 228, pi. 5, figB. 5-8.— Ledey, 

Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Bep. P 4, 1889, p. 512, figs. 
Oitlub caUigranmia var. davidsoni Nichobon and Hinde, Canadian Jour., n. s., 

14, 1874, p. 144.— Nicholson, Pal. Prov. Ontario, 1875, p. 47, fig. 21g. 
Sflnrian: Euitqpe; Island of Anticosti. 

Qkhib nATTONBNBis Foersto. See Hebertella daytonensls. 



(D uiOimn B) dbiukta Winchell and Schuchert See Dinorthis (PlassiomyB) 
deflecta. 

Okus dxformis Hall. See Schuchertella deformis. 

Oithl8(!) ddleatnla Billings. 

Orthis delicatula Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, Ged. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 217. 
Qiaiyan (Quebec— N, P): Table Head, Pistolet Bay, and near Portland Creek, 
Nen f ofmdland . 

Okhb (Piattstrophia) dbntata Meek. See Platystrophia crassa. 

Omns DSSMOPLKUBA Meek. See Eoorthis desmopleura. 

Onms (Plbciosthxs) DEaMOFLStroA ntvpha Walcott. See Eoortliis desmopleura 
Bympha. 

Qsims DfceaioMA Hall. See Plectorthis dichotoma. 

Qmn DI8PABILI0 Billing^. See Orthis ignicula. 

Osms DBPABXLis Oourad. See Orthis tricenaria. 

Qnma dispabius Owen. See Dalmanella testudinaria. 

OrtUs dtsparflls Eayser. 

Orfhis disparilis Eayser (not Conrad), Palseontogn^hica, Suppl., 3, 1876, p. 26, 

pi. 3, figs. 4-8. 
OidoTician: Potrero de los Angulos, etc., Argentina. 

Omos Elbotba BiDingB. See Dalmanella dectra. 

Onms ELBCiSLA var. ljbtib Matthew. See Dalmanella dectra l»yis. 

OmnB SLVCIKA var. major Matthew. See Dalmanella electra major. 

QstDB xLBGANTUiiA DaUiian. See Dalmanella dogantula. 

Oraos RLBOAKTI7LA var. PARVA Foerste. See Dalmanella elegantula parva. 

Ofenoa SLLA Hall. See Plectorthis (Encuclodema) sordida. 

Onms EMACBBATA Meek. See Dalmanella meeki. 



/ 



890 BUULBTIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Orthis emacbrata Saideson. See Dalmanella macrior. 

Orthis emacsrata Hall. See Dalmanella emacerata and D. eoiacerata brevicula. 

Orthis emaobrata var. muiaisbcta Meek. See Dalmanella multiBocta. 

Orthis equiyalyis Foerste. See Plectorthis eequivalvis. 

Orthis? srratioa Hall. See Zygoepira enatica. 

0rtlii8(r) eudocU Billings. 

Orthis Eudocia BiUings, Pal. Foaails, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 83, fig. 76 

(adv. sheets, 1862). 
Ozarkian? (Levis — erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

Orthis eurjone Billings. 

Orthis Euryone Billings, Pal. Foeeils, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 78, fig. 71 

(adv. sheets, 1862).— Hail and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt 1, 1892, pp. 

221, 228, pi. 5, fig. 4. 
Orthis euryone? Matthew, Trans. Eoyal Soc. Canada, 1893, p. 101, pi. 7, fig. 5. 
Canadian: Point Levis, Quebec (Levis— erratics); near St. John, New Bninswu^ 

(Bretonian— Div. C 3d). 

Orthis Evadne Billings. See Dalmanella(?) eyadne. 

Orthis fasoiata Hall. See Orthostiophia (Schizoiamma) fasciata. 

Orthis fausta Foerste. See Hebertella fausta. 

ORTms (Hebertella) fausta var. squamosa Foerste. See Hebertella fousta. 

Orthis (Dalmanella) fertilis Bassler. See Dalmanella fertilis. 

Orthis fibsioosta Hall. See Plectorthis fissicosta. 

Orthis fissiplica Boemer. See Orthostrophia (Schizoramma) fissiplica. 

ORTms FLABELLA Hall. See Orthis flabellites. 

Orthis flabella Foerste. See Orthis flabellites militaris. 

Orthis flabellites Foerste. 

Orthis flabellulum? Hall (not Sowerby), Geol. New York; Rep. 4th Dist, 1843, p. 
105, fig. 5. 

Orthis flabellulum var. Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, pp. 254, 255, pi. 52, figs. 6, 7. 

Orthis flabeUulum Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 1, 1856, p. 136, pi. 2, fig. 6. 

Orthis flabella Hall, 2d Ann. Rep. New York SUte Geol., 1883, pi. 34, figs. 41, 42; 
p. 35, figs. 6--8. 

Orthis calligramma Foerste (not Dalman), Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 24, 1890, 
p. 308, pi. 6, figs. 4, 5. 

Orthis (Dinorthis) calligrainma Foerste, Creol. Ohie, 7, 1895, p. 570, pi. 25, figs. 
12a, 12b; pi. 31, figs. 4, 5; pi. 37A, fig. 20. 

Orthis flabellites Foerste, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 24, 1890, p. 311.— Hall and 
Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 221, 227, pi. 5, figs. 37-41; pi. 20, 
fig. 1.— Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 286.— Grabau, Bull. 
New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 186, fig. 94; Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat ScL, 7 
1901, p. 186, Gg, 94.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 23l| 
pi. 20, fig. 20.— Kindle and Breger, 28th Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat Res. 
Indiana, 1904, p. 432, pi. 2, figs. 3-6, 11.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 
Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 251, ^, 302.— Foerste, Bull. Sci.Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 
1909, p. 74, pi. 3, fig. 43. 



BIBLIOGBAFHIC LIST OF GBKEBA. AND SPECIES. 891 

Orthls flabdlltes — Cbntintied. 

PkityBtzophia flabella Hall, 36th Rep. New York State Mub. Nat. Hist., 1884, p. 

75, pi. 3, fig. 5. 
Ortlua alata Shaler, BolL Miu. Oomp. Zool., 4, 1865, p. 66. 
Niaganm: Lockport, Rocheeter, etc.. New York; Ontario (Bocheeter); Oqgood, 

etc., Indiana (Oegood); Island of Antioostt (Anticoetian); Kentudi^; Ohio; 

Wisconcdn, etc. 
Plmofype.—C9A. No. 51349, TJ.S.N.M. 

Orthls tebeOltes dinorthls (Foerste). 

Orthis calligramma var. dinorthis Foente, Geo!. Sury. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 572. 
Upper Medinan (Biaasfield): Dayton, Ohio. 

Orthls imbellltes euorthls (Foerste). 

Orthis calligramma var. euorthls Foerste, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 572. 
Uppor Medinan (Braasfield): Dayton, Ohio. 

Orthis isbemtes ilssiplicats (Foerste). 

Orthis (Dinorthis) calligramma var. fisaiplicata Foerste, Ohio Oeol. Surv., 7, 1895, 

pp. 572, 573, pi. 37a, figs. 20a, b. 
Orthis flabellites var. fisaiplicata Savage, Bull. Geol. Surv., Illinois, 23, 1913^ p. 

75, pi. 4, fig. 7. 
Upper Medinan: Dayton, Ohio (Brassfield); Louisiana, near Bu£Ealo Creek, Pike 

County, Missouri; Hamburg, Illinois (Edgewood). 

Orthls fUbelUtes mlUtsrls Foerste. 

Orthis flabella Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 1, 1885, p. 82, pi. 13, fig. 12. 
Orthis flabellites militaris Foerste, ibid., 14,' 1909, p. 75. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Soldiers' Home, Dayton, Ohio. 

Orthls flabellites spsnls Hall and Clarke. 

Orthis flabellites var. spania Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1895, pi. 
84, figs. 10; 48th Rep. New York SUte Mus., 2, for 1895, 1897, p. 339, pi. 4, 
fig. 4; 14th Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 339, pi. 4, fig. 4. 

Niagaian (Racine): Near Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

Oktris* tulbmllulum? Hall. See Orthis flabellites. 

Okthib FiABSLLULinc Nettoboth. See Orthis nettelrothi. 

Onms rRAKKVOBTENSis James. See Hebertella frankfortensis. 

Onms (Daucanblla) vrettana Clarke. See Dalmanella freitana. 

Osims TDTiLis Sardeson. See Dalmanella futilis. 

OBTms OKKMicnLA BUHngs. See Orthidium gemmicula! 

OBTms oiBBOSA BiUiugs. See Pianodema subeequata gibbosa and Hebertella vul- 



Ortlils(f) gl^to Hall and Ckrke. 

Orthis? glypta Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1895, p. 359, pi. 84, figs. 
8, 9; 48th Rep. New York State Mus., 2, lor 1895, 1897, p. 338, pi. 4, figs. 5, 6; 
14th Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 338, pi. 4, figs. 5, 6. 
(Racine): Near Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 



Obthis hambubobnsis Walcott. See Dalmanella hambuigensis. 
84243*"— Btjll. 92— vol 2—15 ^12 



892 BULLBTIN 92, UNIIBD STATES KAHOlfAL MUSBtfM. 

OrthlB hlppolfte Billings. 

OrUushippolyte BiUingB, Pal. Fonla, 1, 1B65, p. 81, fig. 73; p. 218 (mIv. aheets, 

1862).— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 217, 221, 228. 
Orthis hippolyte? Ifoek, eth Ann. Bep. U. 8. Geol. Sanr. Teir., 1873, p. 464. 
Canadian; Point Leris and Phillipil>iug, Quebec; Cow Head, Newfeondlaiid; 
near Malade City, Utah. 

Ortlils(r) holstonl Sa£ford. 

Orthia? holstonl (Saffoid MS.) Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 7, pt. 1, 1892, 
pp. 218, 340, pi. 5A, figs. 3&-37; 48th Bep. New Y<Mrk State Mua., 2, to 1805, 
1897, p. 839, pi. 4, figs. 19-21; 14th B^. State Geol. New York to 1894, 
1897, p. 339, pi. 4, figs. 19-21.— Wyingoraki, Zeito. d. d. geoL Geaall., 52, 1900, 
p. 227, footnote. 

Chazyan (Ottoeee): Near Knoxville, Tennessee. 

Orthla humt>o!dtl D'Orbigny. 

Orthis Humboldtii D'Orbigny, Voyage rAmerique Mend., 3, pt. 4, 1842, p. 27; 

ibid., 8, AUas, 1847, pi. 2, fiigs. 1&-20.— Schuchert^ BulL XL 8. Geol. Sucv., 

87, 1897, p. 287. 
Silurian: Rio Grande, Province de Valle Grande, Bolivia. 

ORfHis HURONiBNSis Castoluau. See Kafinesquina altemota. 

Obthis htbrida Sowerby. See Rhipidomdla hybrida. 

Orthlfl tgnlcula Raymond. 

Orthis disparills Billings (not Conzad), Canadian Nat. GeoL, 4, 1860, p. 440, £g8« 

20 a, b. 
Orthis ignicula Raymond, Amer. Jour. Sci., 20, 1905, p. 369; Ann, Carnegie Mus., 

7, 1911, p. 236, pi. 35, fiffL 5-7, fiigs. 10, 11. 
Chazyan (Crown Point): Valcour Island, New York. 

Obthib ignota Sardeson. See Dalmanella ignota. 

Orthis impbrator Billings. See Hebertella imperator. 

Orthis incu&vata Castelnau. See Strophomena incurvata. 

Orthis inflata? James. See Platystrophia acutUixata seoex. 

Orthis insculpta Hall. See Hebertella insculpta. 

Orthlfl InterpUcata Foerete. 

Orthis interplicata Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 76, pi. 3, 

fig. 44. 
Clinton (Osgood): New Marion, Indiana. 

Orthis intbrstriata Hall.« See Schuchertella interstriata. 

Orthib ipmaEMiA Billings. See Dinorthis (Pl«eiomyB) iphigenia. 

Orthis jambsi Hall. See Plectorthis jamesi. 

Orthis (Plbctorthis) johannbnsis Walcott. See Eoorthis johannenais* 

Orthis juooba James. See Dalmanella meekL 

Orthis kankakbnsis McChesney. See Plectonhis (AustineUa) kaokakensis. 

Orthis kassubjb Winchell. See Pianodema subaequata perveta. 

Orthis kbnnicotti McChesney. See Dinorthis carleyi. 



HBLIOCmAPHIO UST OF CONHRA. AXTD SPBCIB6. 898 

I 9rtMB ImmtXkmt^ Twenhofel. 

\ OMida lanwllnim Twenhofel, BulL Victoria Mim. Mm., 3, 1114^ r. 24, pL 1^ figs. 

) 1-3. 

Gnwrhwi (Ellifl Bay): EUia Bay, Anticoflti. 

Onui LAnooerTA Meek. See PlatyBtrophia laticosta. 

Orttis laiirmitlna (BillingB). 

OtihJm lanrentiDa BilliiigB, Geol. Surv. Canada, Eep. for 1856, 1857, p. 297; Pal. 
FooB., 1, 1865, Geol. Surv. Canada, p. 138, fig. 115 (adv. eheeto 1868)» — 
Shakr; Mem. GeoL Surv. Kentucky, 1, 3d Mem., 1876^ p4,41. 

Bfllh^Bella? laoientina Hall and Clarice, Pal. New York, 8, p*t 1, 1892, pp. 104, 
231, 238, pi. 7A, figs. 1-6. 

Gamachian (EUia Bfty): Junetion Cliff, Anticoeli. 

Obzob hEMTKUhLsoB Davldaon. See Eoorthia (Onuia) lenticularia; 

Oaxna Law i icuij una Ttf. ATBTPomss Matthew. See Eoerthia (Onuia) lendcukm 
atrypoldes. 

OoHta lbmuculabis var. lyncioidbs Matthew. See Eoorthis (Onuia) lenticularia 
Iyncioid< 



Oafma LKKncirLAJLis errROPHOMENOiDEs Matthew. See Eoorthis (Onuda) lenticu- 

laria. 

« 

Orthii(?) leptienoides Emmons. 

Oithia kptK&oides Emmons, GeoL New York, Bep. ^b. Dist, 1842, p. 896, fig. 1.— 
Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 521. — Schuchert, 
BnlL U. 8. Geol. Surv. 87, 1897, p. 288. 
Ttenton: New York. 
Observation. — Undefined and figure too poor for identification. 

OanoaC?) uxmm James. See Ortliorhynchula UnneyL 

OnsD voxmssta Walcott. See Hebertella lonensis. 

OmoB (FhMsiowrB) lobicula. Hall. See IHnorthis rPlsesiomys) deflecta. 

Omis LUKATA Sowoby. See Dalmanella lunata. 

Oams LTirx of authors. See Platystrophia lynx and P. biforata^ 

OsmB KACLEODi Whitfield. See Dalmanella macleodL 

QizRD KAcsiOB Saidesou. See Dalmanella macrior. 

Okihu MAUA Bluings. SeeHebertdlamaria. 

OKnm MxmA Shaler. See Dalmanella elegantula media. 

Omu KKDiA ^n^nchell. See Pianodema subsequata perveta. 

Omu MXKDai Winchell and Schuchert. See Dinorthis meedsi. 

Omu (DnroRTHiB) mxsdsi var. abctica Schuchert. See Dinorthis meeddl arctica. 

Otsam MSSDsi var. oxkmana "Vl^chell and Schuchert. See Dinorthis meedsi 



Onas MSXKi Miller. See Dalmanella 



894 BULLETIN 02^ UKITBD STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Orthls menapto Hicks. 

Qrthis menapuB (Hicks MS.) Davidson, Geol. Mag. London, 5, 1868, p. 814, pL 

16, fiigs. 24-28.— MatUiew, Trans. Royal Soc. Oai&da, 10, 1893, p. 101, pL 7, 

£99.2-6. 
Lower Ordovidan: England; near St. Johns, New Brunswick (Brefeonlaa — 

Div. C3d). 

Obthib mebopb Billings. See Scenidium? merope. 

Ortlil8(r) minna Billings. 

Orthis minna Bjllings, Pal. Foas., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. SOS, fig. 294. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Stanbridge, Quebec. 

Obthis minnbapolis N. H. Winchell. See Fianod^na subsMpiata. 

Obthis minnbsotbnsis Sardeaon. See Dinortbis meedsi. 

Obxhis mibsoubibnsis Sbumard. See Scbucbert^a miasounenais. 

Obthis(7) mobbowbnsis James. See Platystrophia morrowensis. 

Obthis mJi/nsBorA Sardeaon. See DalmaneUa multiaecta. 

0rtlii8(f) myeale Billings. 

Ortbis Mycale Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, 1865, p. 82, text fig. 75 (Adv. 8heet^ 

1862).— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 217, pi. 7A, figg. 

10, 11. 
Ozarkian? (Levis-erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

Obthis neglbgta James. See Plectortbis n^lecta. 

Orthis nettelrothl Foerste. 

Ortbis flabellulum Nettelrotb, Kentucky Fossil Shells, Mem. Kentucky Greol. 

Surv., 1889, p. 38, pi. S4, fig. 30. 
Ortbis nettelrotbi Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 76. 
Niagaran (Louisville): Louisville, Kentucky. 

Obthis nbwtonfnsis Weller. See Eoortbis newtonensis. 

Obthis nisis Hall and Whitfield. See Orthostiopbia (Scbizoramma) nisis. 

Ortbis nitens Vanuxem. Not recognized. 

Ortbis nitens Vanuxem, Nat. Hist. New York Geol., 3, 1842, p. 90. 
Clinton: New York. 

Obthis oblata bmabginata Hall. See Bbipidomella emaiginata. 

Orthis obtusa Pander. 

Ortbis obtusa (Pander) Kayser, Pakeontograpbica, Suppl., 3, 1876, p. 19, pi. 3, 

figs. 1, 2. 
Ordovician: Europe; Cordillere San Juan, Argentina. 

Obthis oooidbntalis of authors. See Hebertella occidentalis and H. alveata. 

Obthis oocidsntaijs var. sinuata Meek. See Hebertella occidentalis sinuata. 

Obthis obbiculabis So^eiby. See Dalmanella lunata. - 

Obthis obthahbonites Billings. See Ortbis panderiana. 



BIBLIOOBAPHIG LIST OF OSNBBA AKD SPECIBS, 895 

OrtklB panderlana Hall and Clarice. 

Orthia orthambonitefl BOliDgs (Dot Murcliiaon and Vemeuil), Pal. Foes., 1, 
Geol. Sorv. Canada, 1865, p. 77, fig. 70 (Adv. aheets, 1802); Geol. Canada, 
1863, p. 231, fig. 245.— Schuchert, 9th Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1890, 
p. 43.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 221, 228, pi. 5, 
figs. 1-3.— Matthew, Trana. Roy. Soc. Canada, 10, 1893, p. 101, pi. 7, fig. 4.— 
Lesley, Geol. Sorv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 526, figs. 
Orthia panderiana Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pi. 5, footnote; 
48th Rep. New York State Miu., 2, for 1895, 1897, p. 338, pi. 4, figs. 1-3; 14th 
Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 338, pi. 4, figs. 1-3. 
Canadian: Point Levis, Quebec (Levis-erratics); St John, New Brunswick 
(Bretonian-Div. C3d). 

OvTHm PARVA Billinga. See Dalmanella meeki. 

Oama psciinklla Whitfidd. See Plectorthis (Austinella) whitfieldi. 

OaiBB nBcmmxA Emmonw. See Dinorthis pectinella. 

Oaxma pscmrxuA var. skmiovalib Hall. See DinMthia pectindla. 

Oaxma fxpina Hall. See BillingBella coloradoensis. 

OsmB pssvsTA BillingB. See Hebertella vulgaris. 

OttaoB pssvsTA Conrad. See Pianodema subsequata perveta. 

Obxbis fxbvsta Hall. See Pianodema subsequata. 

Obtheb pktsax Sardeson. See Din<vthiB pioavita. 

OrthiKf) piger Billings. 

Orthk piger BiUings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 442.— Raymond, Ann.. 

Carnegie Mus., 7, 1911, p. 247. 
OrthisC?) pigra Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 290. 
CUtan^nitefl piger Schuchert and Twenhofel, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., 21, 

1910, p. 691. 
Cbasyan (Mingan): Mingan Islands, Canada. 

Osnia rauM Haxl. See Nucleospira pisiformis. 

Osma FLAM A Castelnau. See Rafinesquina altemata. 

Onma platts Biljings. See Dinorthis (Plflesiomys) platys. 

OBTma pucATXUA White. See Orthis tricenaria. 

OBTma FUCATBUA Hall. See Plectorthis plicatella. 

Okhu (Plxgtobthis) pucatella Winchell and Schuchert. See Plectorthis plica- 
tdla trentonensis. 

m 

^ OxiHia PLICATXLLA. var. TRiPLiCATBLLA. Lesley. See Plectorthis fissicosta triplicatella. 
OinDB? (Dklithtbis) puoatus Hall. See Spirifer vanuxemi. 
Onrns (Dbuthtxib) pucatus Hall. See Spirifer (Delthyris) vanuxemi. 
Onrns poooMipaNani Hall and Whitfield. See Pianodema pogonipensis. 
Onrns poBOATA Billings. See Dinorthis (Pkesiomys) porcata anticostienflis. 
Okihib 90B0IA BiUings. See Clitambonites poccia. 



I 



JS96 BULLBTIK 02, UHITSD STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

OsTms POBBXOTA SardeflDn. See Dalmanellaptrecta. 

Otffnm fboavha Wiachell and Schuchert. See DinorthiapieaviU. 

Orthls (Dalmanellar) pumlla XJlrich. 

OrtluB costaAa Hall (not Sowerby), Amer. Jour. Sci., 48, 1645, .p. 295. — MiUi 

Cincinnftti Quart Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 33. 
Orthis pumilA Ulrich, Catalogue Cincinnati Fo«., 1880, p. 14. 
Orthia oincinnatienBiB Miller, Amer. Pal. Eoob., 2d ed., 1883, p. 206. 
MayBville(Corryville): Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Ortlil8(f) punctostrUts Hall. 

Orthis punctoetriata Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 254, pi. 52, fig. 5. 
Orthia? punctoatriataHall and Cladce, ibid., 8, pt 1, 1892„p. 217, pi. 20, figa. 

Grabau, Bull. New York State Mua., 45, 1901, p. 186, fig. 95; Bull. Bu£Falo 
Soc. N&t. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 186, fig. 95. 
Clinton (Rochester): Lockport and Lewiston, New Yoik. 

Obthis PTRAMnuui HaU. See Scanidium.pyiaoudalia. 

Obthis RKTBOB8A Salter. See Dinnffhia (PkeaiomyB) letrona. 

Obthis bbtbobsa Billings. See Dinorthis oarteyi. 

Obthis BHTNCHONBLUioaias Shaler. See lU4pidomella uberis ri^ynchonrtlifonnii 

Obthis booata Sardeson. See Halmaiiella rogata. 

0rtlil8(r) ruglpUcata Hall and Whitfidd. 

Orthis rugseplicata HaU and Whitfield, 24th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist, 
1872, p. 182; 27th Rep., ibid., 1875, pi. 9, figs. 1-3.— HaU, 2d Ana. Rep. New 
York State Geol., 1883, pi. 34, figs. 25-27.— Nettelroth, Kentocky Toonl 
Shells, Mem. Kentucky Oeol. Surv., 1^9, p. 44, pi. 27, figs. 1-9. 

Orthis rugiplieata. Hall and Clarke, Pled. New York, 8, pt 1, 1802, p. SIT. 

Hiagaran (Loubrille): Louisville, Kentucky. 

Obthis bitida BOlings. See Dalmaaeila? ruida. 

Ortlii8(f) saffordl Hall and Clarke. 

Orthis? saffordi Hall and Clarke, Pkd. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 218, 340, pi. 
5A, figs. 38-40; 48th Rep. New York State Mus., 2, for 1805, 1897, p. 340, p^.4, 
figs. 10-12; 14th R«p. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 340,.pl. 4, ^ffL 
10-12. 

Ghasyan (Ottosee): Near KnoKville, Ttnneswo. 

Orthisr smltensls Eayser. 

Orthis saltensis Kayser, Beitr. Geol. Pftl. Argentin. R^., Fal»mtographica 
Suppl., 3, 1896, p. 8, pi. 1, fig. 16; Zeits. Deutsch. Geol. GeeeQ., 49, 1897, p. 
280.— Hoek, Neues Jahrb. Min., Geol. Pftl., 34, 1912, p. 219. 
•Lowest Ordovidan: Salta, etc., AigeotiBa. 

Obthis scoyilu Hall and Clarke. See nectoctfais (Austanella) soovilli. 

Obthi8(7) aBOTomBiATA Ulxidi. See Plectorthis (Enoudodema) 

Obthis (Scbbc^bobia) SBNadvA^Hall and Clavke. See SchiiQphoffia 

Obthis sinuasa. &dl. See HeberleUa occidentatis sinuata. 

Obthis (Dalmanelul) smithi Clanke. .See Jkdminelki smithi. 



BIBUOQBAPHIO LIST OF GEKBBA AND SPECIES. 897 

SOUL BiUingB. See Rhipidom^la 8ola. 
OisBis RomHSiB SaSord. See Pianodema stonensiB. 
Osnos flnoATBLLA Dalmaa. See Ghcnetes Btriatdlns. 
Okkhis stwoaxxjul Kmmoiw. See Dalmanella teatudinaria. 
OKxim 8UBJKIT7ATA CoBnul. See Pianodema Bub«quata. 
Osnos BUBMQVATA BiUingB. See Hebeit^la vulgaria. 

Oaxma (Daucanklla) subjsquata cibcularis Winchell and Sdiuchert. See Pia- 
n^o'n*^ flubeequata circnlaris. 

(DaiiMAnella) flUBJBQUATA coNBADi Winchell. See Pianodema Bubaequata 



' 



(Dauianxlla) au&BQUATA var. gibbosa Winchell and Schuchert. See 
finodema anbsBqtiata gibboaa. 

Obhbi (DAUfAHXLLA) 6UBJBQUATA var. PB&YBKA l^^choll and Schudiert. See 
PiMtodiHma aabsequata penreta. 

Okthib BtTBCiscuLA Simpson. See Rhipidomella subcircula. 

Obthis suBnTGATA Hall. See Hebertella aubjugata. 



0rtlil8(f) subnodosB Hall. 

Oztfiia aubnodoaa Hall, Deac. New ap. FoaailB from Waldron, Indiana, IS79, p. 14; 
llth Rep. State Geol. Indiana, 1882, p. 286, pi. 27, fig. 17; Trana. Albany Inat., 
10, 1883, p. 70.— Nettelioth, Kentucky Foaail Sheila, Mem. Geol. Surv. Ken- 
' tacky, 1889, p. 44.— Lealey, Geol. Surv. Pennaylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 636, 

4gB. — ^Kindle and Breger, Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1904, p. 
433, pi. 2, fig. 7. 
Kiagaian: Waldion, Indiana (Waldion); Louiaville, Kentucky; CazroU County, 
Indiana. 

Obxhib subquadbata Hall. See Dinoithia (Plnaiomya) aubquadrata. 

OsiHiB awxBNBTi Wiuchell. See Dinoithia j>ectinella aweeneyi. 

0HblM(1) tenuldens Hall. 

Orthia tenuidoia Hall, Pal. New Toik, 2, 1862, p. 68, pi. 20,'fig. 9. 
Clinton: Oneida County, New York. 

Okihis txbsus Sardeaon. £Jee Dalmanella teraa. 

Obthu tb8tui>inabia of authiofia. See Dalmanella teatudmaiia, D. fertilia, D. rogata, 
and Orthia tricenaria. 

Obthis (Daucakblla) tbbtudinabia var. bmacebata Winchell and Schuchert. See 
Dtlmanella macrior. 

Obthis (Dalmanblla) tbstudinabia var. mebki Winchell and Sdnichert See 
Dalmanella corpolenta. 

Orthls trieensrla Cooiad. 

Orthia tricenaria Conrad, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci Philadelphia, 1, 1843, p. 333.— 
Hall, Pad. New York, 1, 1847, p. 121, pi. 82, fig. 8.— EmmoBS, Amer. Oeokgy, 
l.jit.^, 1866,, p. J93, pi. .9, fig. 8.— Salter, Can. Org. Rem., 1, Geol. Surv. 



898 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Orthis trlcenaiia — Continued. 

Canada, 1859, p. 39, pL 9, figs. l-4.~Hall, GeoL Wisconfiin, 1, 1862, p. 42, figs. 
8-11.— Chapman, Canadian Jour., n. s., 6, 1862, p. Ill, fig. 91; ibid., 8, 1863, 
p. 199, fig. 184.— BillingB, GeoL Canada, 1863, p. 167, fig. 151.— Chapman, 
Expos. Min. and Geol. Canada, 1864, p. 115, fig. 92; p. 171, fig. 184.— Safford, 
Geol. Tennessee, 1869, p. 275, fig. 9. — Shaler, Mem. CreoL Surv. Kentucky, 1, 
3d Mem., 1876, p. 36.— Hall, 2d Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1883, pi. 35, 
figs. 1-5.— Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 8, 1884, p. 74, pi. 11, fig. 4.— 
Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 360, &g, 592.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsyi- 
vania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 538, figs.— Hall and Qarke, Pftl. New York, 8, pt. 1, 
1892, pp. 191, 193, 221, 228, pi. 5, figs. 9-14.— Winchell and Schuchat, GeoL 
Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 418, pi. 32, figs. 18-23.— Keyes, Geol. Surv. Missouri, 5, 
1895, p. 60, pi. 39, fig. 4.— Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Fosb., 3, pt 3, 
1897, p. 175.— Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 293; Pioc U. 8. 
Nat. Mus., 22, 1900, p. 156.— Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mua, 49, 
1902, p. 24.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 151, pi. 9. figs. 
18-21.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index FoasilB, 1, 1907, p. 250, fig. dOla-c 

Orthis disparilis Conrad, I^oc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1, 1843, p. 333. — 
Hall, Pftl. New York, 1, 1847, p. 119, pi. 32, Gg, 4.— Emmons, Amer. Geology, 
1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 194, pi. 9, fig. 4a-c.— Hall, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1862, p. 435.— 
Billings, Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 130, fig. 60.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsjd- 
vania. Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 513, figs.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 
1892, pp. 191, 221, 228. 

Platystrophia tricenaria Hall, 36th Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 1884, 
p. 75, pi. 3, fig. 1. 

Orthis testudinaria? Owen, Geol. Expl. Iowa, Wisconsin, and Illinois, 1844, pi. 
15, fig. 11. 

Orthis plicatella White (not Hall), Wheeler's Expl. and Survey west 100th Merid., 
4, 1875, p. 72, pi. 4, %. 10. 

Black River: Mineral Point, etc., Wisconsin; Iowa; Minnesota; Kentucky; 
Tennessee; New York; Canada; etc. 

Stones River: Central Tennessee. 

Plenotypes.—K^sX, Nos. 8553, 17252, U.S.N.M. (White and Walcott). 

0rtlii8(f) trtnueleus Hall. 

Orthis trinudeus Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 58, pi. 20, fig. 8. 
Clinton: Wayne County, New York. 

Obthis tripuoatblla. Meek. See Plectorthis fissicosta triplicatella. 

Ortlils(r) trltonla BilHngs. 

Orthis Tritonia Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, 1865, p. 76, fig. 69 (adv. sheets 1862); 
Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 231, fig. 244.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, 
pt.l, 1892, p. 217, pi. 7A, figs. 12, 13.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, 
Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 538, figs. 

Ozaikian? (Levis — erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

Ortkes UBBRI8 BlUlngs. See Rhipidomella uberis. 

Orthis vespertfllo Sowerby. 

Ortliis vespertilio (Sowerby) Kayser, Palfieontographica, Suppl. 3, 1876, p. 27, 

pi. 3, figs. 22, 23. 
Ordovidan: Europe; Potrero de los Angulos, etc., Argentina. 

Obthis whi t jib ldi Winchell. See Plectorthis (Austinella) whitfieldi. 

Obthis (Plbotobthis) wichitabnsis Walcott. See Eoorthis wichitaenais. 



BIBUOGBAPHIO LIST OF GBNEBA AND SPECIBS. 899 

Obthiszna D'Orbigny. See Clitambonitee Pander. 

Obthibina ai>8ckni>ens Pander. See Glitambonitee adacendens. 

OvTuisiNA DiviBRSA Shaler. See Clitambonitee diversus. 

Obthibina orami>jbva BUlings. See BillingBella? grandseva. 

Obthibina(7) jooannbnbis Matthew. See Eoorthia johannensis. 

Obthisina vxrnbuili Billings. See Clitambonitee diveremiB. 

OETHOCERAS Bieyniua. 

Orthoceras Breynius, Dias^rtatio Physica de Polythalamiis, 1832, p. 12.— Eaton, 

Geol. Textb., 2d ed., 1832, p. 28.— Quenstedt, Neuee Jahrb. f. Min., etc., 

1840, p. 250.— Koninck, Desc. Animaux Fossiles, li^ge, 1842, p. 497. — 

CBBtdnaa, EbbbI Syst Sil. TAmerique Septent., 1843, p. 24.— McCoy, Syn. 

Char. Carb. Fosb. Ireland, 1844, p. 6.— Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 207.— 

AntlioDy, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 3, 1847, p. 255. — Hall, Quart. Jour. 

Geol. Soc. London, 5, 1848, p. 107. — Anthony, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts., 2d ser., 

6, 1S48, p. 132, fig.— Woodward, Man. MoUusca, pt. 1, 1851, p. 88.— Saemann, 

Palaeontographica, 3, 1852, pp. 134, 162. — Geinitz, Die Verst. der Grauwack., 

Leipzig, 1853, p. 26.— McCoy, British Pal. Rocks, Foes., 1854, p. 312.— Pictet, 

Traits de Pal., 2d ed., 2, 1854, p. 632.— Barrande, Neues Jahrb. Min., etc., 

1854, p. 8, pL 1, figs. 5ft, b, 6a, b; ibid., 1855, p. 258; Bull. Soc. Geol. France, 

2d ser., 12, 1855, p. 158.— Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 148.— 

Billings, Oanadian Nat. Geol., 2, 1857, p. 136, pi. 2, fig. 2.— ^Barrande, Neues 

Jahrb. Min., etc., 1859, p. 780.— Hitchcock, Geol. Vermont for 1861, 1862, 

p. 297. — Chapman, Canadian Jour., n. s., 8, 1863, p. 20.— ^Barrande, Syst. Sil. 

du Centre Boheme, 2, pt. 1, 1867, p. 445; pt. 3, 1874, p. 1.— Chapman, Expos. 

Kin., Ged. Canada, 1864, pp. 127-128.— Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 

1875, p. 124.^Barrande,Cephalopodes: Ext. Syst Sil.du Centre Boheme, 1877, 

p. 99.— Hall, Pal. New York, 5, pt 2, 1879, pp. 217, 227.— Waagen, Mem. 

Geol. Surv. India, Pal. Indies, 13th ser., 1, 1879, p. 66.— Eoninck, Ann. d. 

Mua. Royal d'Hist. Nat de Belgique, 5, 1880, p. 44.— Blake, Mon. British 

Fobs. Cephalopoda, 1882, p. 48.— Hyatt, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 22, 

1884, p. 275.— Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 8, 1884, p. 200.— Zittel, 

Handb. PaL, 2, 1884, p. 363.— James, J. F., Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat Hist., 

8, 1886, p. 237.— Newell, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist, 23, 1888, p. 466.— 

Foord, Cat Fosb. Ceph. British Mus., 1, 1888, p. 1.— Holzapfel, Palaeonto- 

logische, Neae Folge, 1, Heft 1, Jena, 1889, p. 45.— Miller, N. A. Geol. 

Pal., 1889, p. 445.— Whidbome, Mon. Dev. Fauna South England, 1, Pal. 

Soc., 1890, p. 120.— Bather, Nat Sd., 5, pp. 428, 430, text ^. 2.— Clarke, 

Amer. Geol., 15, 1895, p. 126.— Hyatt, ibid., 16, 1895, p. 11.— Holzapfel, 

Abhandl. d. Konig. Preuss. geol. Landesanstalt, Neue Folge, Heft 16, 1895, 

p. 148.— Eoken, Die Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 48, fig. 20.— Clarke, Geol. 

Minnesota, 3, pt 2, 1897, p. 783.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat Sci., 6, 

I 1899, p. 286.— Holm, Sverigee Geol. Unders., Ser. C, No. 179, 1899, p. 74.— 

' Clarke, Bull. New Yc^k State Mus., 13, 1900, p. 167.— Hyatt, Zittel-Eastman 

Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 518.— Grabau, Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, 

p. 215; Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 215.— Jaekel, Zeits. d. d. geol. 

Gesell., 54, Protok., 1902, pp. 7, 67, 75.— Clarke, Amer. Geol., 31, 1903, p. 

216.— Jaekel in Ruedemann, Amer. Geol., 31, 1903, p. 199. — ^Foord, Mon. 

Carb. C^h. Ireland, pt 5, Pal. Soc., App. 1903, p. 210.— Ruedemann, Bull. 

New York State Mus., 90, 1906, p. 432.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. 

Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 1027.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 

2, 1910, p. 47.— Hyatt, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 598. 



900 BULLETIN d2, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

ORTHOCEBAS-^Gontinued. 

Ortlioceratites FiBcher de Waldheim, OryctograpMe Gouv. de Moecou, 1830, 
p. 124.— Eichwald, Zool. Spedalis, pt. 2, Vilnae, 1820, p. 31.— Stelninger, 
Mem. Soc. Geol. France, 1, 1834, p. 368.— Troort, Mem. Soc. Gedl. Fiance, 
3, 1838, p. 87.— D'Orbigny, Prodr. de Pal., 1, 1849, p. 2. 

Obthocbras abnormb Hall. See Actinocerafl abnorme. 

Orthocerasf abruptum Hall. 

Orthoceras abraptum Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 97, pi. 29, ^. 4a, b. 
Cyrtoceras? abraptum Hall, Pal. New York, 6, pt. 2, 1879, p. 220 (gen. rof .V 
Clinton (Irondequoit): Lockport, New York. 

Orthoeerms nquale (Emmons). 

Ortlioceiatites BequaUs Emmons, Nat. Hist. New York, Geol., 2, 1842, p. 404, fig. 1 . 
Orthoceras sequale Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 446 (gen. ref.).— Lesley ,^GeoL 

Snrv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 641, figs. 
Trenton: New York. 

Orthoceras albersl Miller and Faber. 

Orthoceras albersl Miller and Faber, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 17, 1894, p. 
140, pi. 8, figs. 1-4.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 776, fig. 1423. 
Trenton (Upper): West Covington, Kentucky. 

Orthoceras ailenam Hall. 

Orthoceras aliennm Hall, 20th Kep. New York SUte Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868, p. 354; 

rev.ed., 1870, p. 414, pi. 24, figs. 6-7. 
Niagaian (Racine): Bacine, Wisconsin. 

Obthocbras allumettbnsb Billings. See Loxoceras allumettense. 

Ortheeeras ampUeameratum Hall. 

Orthoceras ampUeameratum Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 205, pi. 51, Bgi^ 

la-g.— Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, }855, p. 150.— Hitdicock, Geol. 

Termont, 1, for 1861, 1862, p. 298, Gg. 210.— James, J. F., Jour. Cincinnati, 

Soc. Nat. Hist., 8, 1886, p. 237.— Grabau and^imer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 

1910, p. 48, ^, 1247. 
Orthoceras cf. ampUeameratum Clarke, Creol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 790, 

pi. 47, fig. 19. 
Trenton: MiddleviUe, New York; Preston, Miimeeota. 
?Blaek Riyer (PlatteviUe): Mineral Point, Wisconsin. 

Obthogbra.8 A1CY0U8 HaU. See Cycloceras amyous. 

Obthoobbas anpbps BUlings. See Gonioceras anceps. 

Obthoobbas anoulatum HaU. See Kionoceras canceUatum. 

Obthoobbas annellus Conrad. See Spyroceras aneUus. 

Obthoobbas annttlata Eaton. See Dawsonoceras annulatum. 

Obthoobbas annulatum var. amebioanum Whiteaves. See Dawsonoceras annu- 
latum. 

Orthoceras antenor Billings. 

Orthoceras Antenor BiUings, CJanadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 463. 
Chazyan: Mingan Islands, Canada. 

OBtsooBRASJLNTXOOBTiBNSB BilUngs. See Actinoceras antlcostieDse. 



BIBLIOGBAPHIC LIST OF GBKEBA AKD 8PBCIS8. 901 

•retieiuii Foorde. 

Cyrtocefaa sp. Etheridge, Quart. Joai. Geol. Soc. London, 34, 1876, p. 608. 
Orthoceims ucticum Foord, Cat. Foes. Geph. Brituh Hub., 1, 1888, p. 38, fig. 3. 
Niagaran: Offley laland, Kennedy Channel, Arctic Amonca. 

Orthoeeraa areuollneatum Ruedemann. 

Ortiioceraa aicnolineatom Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mub., 162, 1912, 

pi. 8, figB.1,2. 
Tioiton (Canajoharie): Fort Edward, New York. 

Or tl ioc er aa ftfeaoUrfttain Hall. 

OrdiecoMr aicuoHratom Hall, Pal. New Y<»k, 1, 1847, p. IM, pi. 42, flgi. 7a-e.— • 
Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 149, pi. .12, fig. 4.— Foord, Cat. 
FoflB. Ceph. Britiflh Mus., 1, 1888, p. 10. — ^Keyes, MuBouii Geol. Surv., 5, for 
1894, 1895, p. 227.— Lealey, Geol. Surv. PennBylvania, Rep. P 4, 1868, p. 542, 

Trenton: Middleville and Watertown, New York. 
OmocsBAS ATLANTioux Bamuide. See Endoceras atlantieum. 

Orthoeeraa attteus Billings. 

(Mioceras Atticus Billings, Pal. Fosb., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 312. 
Oaaadkoi (Beekmantown): Stanbridge, Quebec. 

Ortiioceffms ftatolyeaa BiUingB. 

Oithocefas Autolycus Billings, PftL Fosb., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 91, 

(adv. flheetB, 1862.) 
Ozaridan? (Lev i s oB r a tics): Poiat Levis, Quebec. 

OvmooBSAB (ORMooBJtAa) BAOzn Bairande. See Actinoceras bebitense and A. 



OsTROOKBAS BALTKATUM BillingB. See SpyTOcents baltoatum. 

OsTHooxRAS BABTONXNOS Sponcor. See Dawsonoceras annulatiim. 

OisBooxBAS (Obmoobbab) Batuxldi Zittel. See Acthiecenie (Onia ti s ia s) b%yflaldi. 

Obihocbbas Bbaupobxxnsb Wbiteaves. See Syprocerasbeauportense. 

OrthiMeras beeld Billings. 

Orthoceras becU Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 362, ftg. lU; Geol. 

Ouada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 121, fig. 35.— Leal^, GeoL Surv. 

Pennsylvania, Rep. P. 4, 1889, p. 543, ^, 
Canadian (Romaine): IGngan Idands, Quebec. 

Obxhocxbas BxiXATUifUM BilUngs. See Ktonoeeras bellatulum. 

Oubocbras (AcTiNOCBRAs) BBLorrBNSE Whitfield. See Actinoceras beloitense. 

\ OrtliocerM beltrsml Clarke. 

Ortbocefas beltramii Clazke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 789, pi. 55, fig. 10. 
TrentAn (ProsBer): Wykoff, Minnesota. 

Obtbocxbab (Actinoobbas) Biobbti of authors. See Actinoceras bigsbyi and A. 
beloitense. 

Orbocsbaa bcukxatum Whitfield. See Protocycloceras whltfieldi. 

Oboiocsbab biunbatum Gkdka. See Q^ysoceBas bi 



902 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Obthoobrab (Spybocerab) bilinkatum FRANKroRTBNsis. See Bpjncenm blli- 
neatum frankfortenae. 

Orthoceras bollTUmun Hoek. 

Orthocefas bolivianum Hoek, Neuea Jahrb. Min., Geo!., Pal., 34, 1912, p. 229. 
Ordovician: Bolivia. 

Obthooeras bbainbbdi Seely. See Oameroceras (Proterocameroceraa) brainerdL 

Orthoceras brongnlartl (Troost). 

CoBotubularia Brongnlartii Troost, 5th (leol. Rep. Tenneosee, 1840, p. 49; ibid., 

6th Rep., 1841, p. 176 (nom. nud.); Mem. Soc. Geol. France, 3, 1838, p. 89, 

pi. 9, &g, 2. 
Orthocefas Brongnlarti Qiebel, Fauna der Vorwelt, 3, 1851, p. 242. 
Trenton: Vicinity of Naahville, Tenneasee. 

Orthocerms brontes Billings. 

Orthoceras brontes Billings, Cat. Sil. Fobs. Anticosti, Qeo\. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 83. 
Niagaran (Lockport): Grimsby, Ontario. 

Orthoceras bneklandl Billings. 

Orthoceras bucklandii Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1853-1866, 

1857, p. 330; Cat. SU. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 67. 
Anticostian (Chicotte): Near Southwest Point, Anticosti. 

Orthoceras bymesl Miller. 

Orthoceras Bymesi Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 126, fig. 13; 
Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 4, 1881, p. 319, pi. 8, fig. 8; N. A. Geol. Pal., 
1889, p. 446, ^. 750.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Qeoi. Nat. Res. 
Indiana, 1908, p. 1034, pi. 51, ^. 4. 

Ma}rsville(Fkdrmount): Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Obthogebas CADMUS Billings. See Kionoceras cancellatum. 

Orthoeras cameoUre McChesney. 

Orthoceras cameolare McChesney, Desc. New Fossils, 1861, p. 93. 
Niagaran (Racine): Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Chicago, Illinois. 

OsTHOOSSAS ganadbnsb Billings. See Huronia vertebraUs. 
Obthoobbas Cakadbnse Miller. See Actinoceras (Paractinoceras) canadenae. 
Obthooxbas canoblLatum Hall. See Kionoceras cancellatum. 
Obthocxras OAPiTOLiNUic SafiPord. See Actinoceras cuvieii. 

Orthoceras CArieyl Hall and Whitfield. 

Orthoceras Carleyi Hall and Whitfield, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 2, 1875, p. 98, 
pi. 4, ^. 19.— James, J. F., Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 8, 1886, p. 241.— 
Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennlsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 544, fig.— Cumings, 32d 
Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 1034, pi. 52, fig. 1. 

Richmond: Fayetteville, Ohio. 

Orthoceras CArltonense Whitfield. 

Orthoceras Carltonense Whitfield, Ann. Rep. for 1877, Wisconsin Geol. Surv., 

1878, p. 85; Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 318, pi. 24, ^, 5. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Cariton and Ozaukee, Wisconsin. 



BIBUOORAPHIC LIST OF GENBBA AJ^D SPECIES. 903 

Owthowns cMtatnanl Vememl. 

Oithocenscomcum Castelnau (notHjsiiigQr), EbbbI Syst. Sil. TAmerique Septent., 

1S43, p. 29, pi. 10, fig. 3. 
Orthocefas Gasteliiaai Vemeuil, in Gasteliiau, ibid., p. 29. 
Niagann: Drammond laUnd, Lake Huion. 

Ortihoeens eatillne BiQings. 

Ortboceiaa Gatallne Billings, Fd. Foes., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 315. 
Cboadian (Beekmantown): Fhillipebiug, Quebec. 

Ortlioewas eato BilHngB. 

Orthoceiafl Cato Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 314. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Phillixwbuig, Quebec. 

Orthoeens eatnlus Billings. 

Ortboceras Catulus Billings, PaL Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 313. 
Ortboceras cf. Catulus MaUhew, Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 10} sec. 4, 1893, p. 

106, pi. 7, fig. 14ftHl. . 
Canadian: Phillipebmg, Quebec (Beekmantown); St. John, New Brunswick 

(Bretonian— Div. C3d). 

Ortlioeerss ctnelnnatieiise Miller. 

Orthoceiaa Cincinnatiensis Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. ScL, 2, 1875, p. 127; 

Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 4, 1881, p. 319, pi. 8, figs. 5, 5a. 
Ifaysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Orthoeerss dathntiim Hall. 

QrthocertM clathratum Hall, P^. New York, 1, 1847, p. 201, pi. 43, figs. 4a-c.— 

Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 150. 
Trenton: Middleville, New York. 

Oithoearasf elaTfttiim Hall. 

Qrthocensclavatum Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 104, pi. 31, ^g. 4a, b. 
Qrtliocens (Actinoceras) clavatum Foerste, Ged. Surv. Ohio, Pttl., 7, 1893, p. 538, 

pi. 33, fig. 2; pi. 36, figs. 5a-c. 
Upper Qinton: Near Mohawk, New York. 
Upper Medinan (Braasfield): Near Carlisle, Ohio. 

Okthocxxas CLDfTONi Miller. See Spyroceras clintoni. 

Orthoeerss colon White. 

Ortboceras colon White, Geogr. Geol. Expl. West 100th Metid., P^. Rep., 1874, 

p. 10. 
Qrthoceras(Gamefoc€ras) colon White, Rep. U. S. Geogr. Surv. West. lOOtb Merid., 

4, War Dep., 1879, p. 56, pi. 3, figs. 5a-d. 
Oanadian: Fish Spring, House Range, Utah. 
Bohi^pe.'-Ctkt. No. 17892, U.S.N.M. 

OisBOOBBAS OOLUXNABB HaD. See Eionoceras cancellatum. 

OiTHOCBSAfl ooNioux Castolnau. See Orthoceras castelnaui. 

OaxHOOXBAs (DisoosoBUs) 00NOIDBU8 Banaude. See Di^cosonis conoideus. . 

Orthowns eoranifenun Hall. 

Orthoceras coralliferum Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 312, pi. 85, fig. 3; pi. 86, 

ffgs. iB-d. 
Utics: Turin, New York.* 



904 BULLEmr 92, united STATBS national MUSBtTM . 

Obthogeras cornu-obtz Whitfidd. See Orygocens cctmioryx, 

Orthoceras eomnum Billings. 

Orthocenu) carauum BillingB, Gecl, Surv. Canada, Bep. Progr. for 18&3-^56, 

1867, p. 329. 
Ohazyan (Mingan): Mingan Island, Canada. 

Orthocxrab (Kionocbras) Crawford! Foecste. See Kionoceras cmwfordi. 

Orthooeras 0REBE80EN8 Hall. See Fh)tokionocerae cf^bescens. 

Orthocxras CRBBE80XNS Hall and Whitfield. See Orthoceiaa rectum. 

Obthoceras orbbrisbftum Billings. See Actinoceras crebriseptunu 

Orthoceras crebristriatum Meek and Worthen. 

Orthocxras crebristiiatum Meek and Worthen, Fhx:. Acad. Nat. 9ci. PhUadelpliia, 

1865, p. 255; Geol. Surv. Illinois, 6, 1875, p. 503, pi. 26, %. 2. 
Niagaran (Racine): Joliet, Illinois. 

Qbtboosras Cbocub Billings. See Cydoceras crocua. 

Obthoceras outiebi Miller. See Actinoceras cuvieri. 

Obthooebas Dabwini Billings. See Kionoceras darwini. 

ORTHOCERAa (AonNOOXRAs) Dattonxnsis Foeonte. See Actinoceeardaytanenae. 

Orthoceras decrescens Billings. 

Orthoceras decrescens Billings, Greol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Ttogt. for 185^-56, 
1857, p. 337.--Foord, Cat. Fobs. C^h. British Mub., 1, 1888, p. 9. 

Black River (Leray): Chaudiere Rapids, St. Josephs Island, and Island of Mon- 
treal, Canada. 

Orthoceras def^anelt (Troost). 

Conotnbulaiia defrancii Troost, Mus. Soc. Geol. France, 3, 1888, p. 90* 
Orthoceratites Defrancii Troost, ibid., p. 93, pi. 9, figs. 7, 7b; 5th Geol. Rep. 

Tennessee, p. 49; 6th Rep., 1841, p. 178. 
Orthoceras defrancii Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 447 (gen. r^.). 
Niagaran: Perry County, Tennessee. 

Orthooeras (Eionooeras) DEiiPmENSis Kindle and Breger. See Kionocens-del- 

phiense. 

< 

Orthoeeras depareum Billings. 

Orthceras depareum Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 363, ^, 111; GeoL 
Canada, GeoL Surv« Canada, 1863, p. 121, fig. 40.— Lesley, €^1. Surv. Penn- 
sylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 547, fig.— Whitfield, Bull. Amar. Mua. Nat. mat., 
3, 1890, p. 34. 

Canadian (Romaine): Mingan Islands, Quebec. 

Orthooeras diffzdens BillingB. See Loxoceras difiideos. 

Orthoeeras dnimmondl Billings. 

Orthoceras Drummondi Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 173, 

fig. 156. 
Black River: Near Kingston, Ontario. 

Orthoeeras duseri Hall and Whitfield. 

Orthoceras Duseri Hall and Whitfield, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal. 2, 1875, p. 97, pL 
3, figs. ^-4.— James, J. F., Jour. Cincinnati S6c. Nat. Hist., 8, 1886, p. 241.— 



BIBLIOGRAPHIG LIST OF (»NEBA. AND 8FBCIE8. 906 

Ortlioeeims duserl— Oontinaed. 

FoQfd, Oat. Fofls. Ceph. Britiah Mas., 1, 1866, p. 14.— Lesley, GeoL l^urv. 
P^mMylwii*, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 548, figs. — Chimings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. 
Geol. Nat. Res., Indiana, 1908, p. 1036, pi. 52, ^f^, 2-2h. 
Orthocefae Fosteri Miller, Cincinnati Qnart Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, 'p^ 127; Jour. 

Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 4, 1881, p. 319, pi. 8, figs. 7, 7a. 
Richmond (Waynesville): Waynesville, etc., Ohio; Indiana. 

Orthoeeras djrerl Miller. 

Orthocens Dyeri Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 125, test fig. 11; 
Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 3, 1880, p. 236, pi. 7, fig. 7.— James, J. F., 
ibid., 8, 1886, p. 238.— Foord, Cat. Foss. Ceph. British Mus. 1 ,1888, p. 
15.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 447, fig. 75L 

MaysviOe (CoRyville): Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Orthoeeras edax Billings. 

Orthoceras edax BiUings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 349. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Township of Oxford, Ontario. 

Ortlioeeras ekwaaenae Whiteaves. 

Orthoceras Ekwanense Whiteaves, €reol. Surv. Canada, Ann. Rep., n. s., 14, 

App. F., 1904, p. 56; Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt 4, 1906, p. 265, 

pL 33, figs. 1, la. 
Niagaran: Ekwan River, Canada. 

Orthoeeras eleganttiliim Dawson. 

Orthoccfas elegantulum Dawson, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 155, footnote; 
Acadian Geol., Suppl. Chap., 1860, p. 68, ^g, 62; ibid., 2d ed.,1868, p. 606, 
fig.213.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 548, figs. 
Silnxian: Arisaig, Nova Scotia. 

Orthoceras erratieam Foerste. 

Orthoceras erraticum Foerste, Amer. Geol., 12, 1893, p. 235, fig. 1-3. 
Orthoceras (Eu-Orthoceras) erraticum Foerate, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 7, 1893, 

p. 541, figs. 1-3, on p. 540. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Huffman's Quarry, near Dayton, Ohio. 

Orthoceras exomatnm Dawson. 

Orthoceras exomatum Dawson, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 298. 
Silurian: Pictou, Nova Scotia. 

Orthoceras explorator Billings. 

Orthoceras explorator Billings, Pal. Foss. 1, Geol. Surv. C^mada, 1865, p. 253, 

text fig. 238a, b. 
ly^ailiiw (Quebec): Pistolet Bay, Schooner Island, Newfoundland. 

Obthoceras bxploratob Whitfield. See Cameroceras (Proterocameroceras) bxain* 
erdL 

Obthoceras rsnuM Billings. See Spyroceras ferum. 

Orthoceras illforme Castelnau. 

Orthoceras filiforme Castelnau, Essai Syst. TAmerique Septent., 1843, p. 30, 

pi. 10, fig. 2. 
Nij^aran: Drummond Island, Lake Huron. 

Orthoceras laTlas Billings. 

Orthoceras Flavins Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol., Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 255. 
Chazyan (Quebec — I) Point Rich, Newfoundland. • 



906 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Orthooeras formosum Billings. 

Orthoceras formosum Billings, Geol. 8urv. Canada, Rep. Frogr. for 1853-56, 1857, 

p. 317; Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. 8urv. Canada, 1866, pp. 22, 58 (loc. 

ref.). 
Richmond (English Head): English Head, Anticosti. 

Obthoceras fostbbi Miller. Bee Orthoceras duseri. 

Orthoceras fozense Safford. 

Orthoceras Foxense Safford, Geol. Tennessee, 1869, p. 290 (nom. nud.). 
Stones River: Tennessee. 

Orthoceras f^snkllnense Miller. 

Orthoceras franklinensis Miller, 18th Rep. Dep. GeoL Nat Res., Indiana,1894, 

p. 322, pi. 10, ^, 3 (adv. sheets, 1892). 
Niagaran: Franklin County, Indiana. 

Orthoceras fulqxtr Billings. See Actinoceras fulgnr. 

Orthoceras FURnvuM Billings. See Protocyclocerafi(?) furtivmn. 

Orthoceras Aisiforme Hall. 

Orthoceras fusiforme Hall (not Sowerby, 1828), Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 60, 

pi. 20, ^, 1.— Hyatt, Mem. Mus. Comp. ZooL, 16, 1889, p. 35, footnote. 
Gromphoceras hallii D'Orbigny, Prod. Pal., 1, 1850, p. 3. — ^Emmons, Amer. 

Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 151. 
Black River: Watertown, New York. 

Orthoceras glancus Billings. 

Orthoceras glaucus Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Creol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 350. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Township of Oxford, Ontario. 

Orthoceras goldftissl (Troost). 

Conotubularia Goldfussi Troost, Mem. Soc. Geol. France, 3, 1838, p. 90, pi. 9, Sg, 
3; 5th Geol. Rep. Tennessee, 1840, p. 49; 6th Rep., 1841, p. 176 (nom. nud.). 
Ordovidan: Vicinity of NashviUe, Tennessee. 

Orthoceras gotbyi Miller. 

Orthoceras gorbyi Miller, 18th Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1894, p. 

322, pi. 10, fig. 2 (Adv. sheets, 1892).— CimiingB, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. 

Nat Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 1037, pi. 52, fig. 3. 
Richmond(?): Franklin County, Indiana. 

Orthoceras oreoarium Hall. See Orthoceras sociale. 

Orthoceras grifflthi Haugjiton. 

Orthoceras Griffithi Haughton, Jour. €reoI. Soc. Dublin, 1, 1859, p. 239, pi. 5, fig. 

1.— Foord, Cat. Foss. Ceph. British Mus., 1, 1888, p. 41. 
Niagaran: Griffiths Island, Barrow Strait, Arctic America. 

Orthoceras hassitans Billings. 

Orthoceras hsesitans Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 254. 
Chazyan (Quebec-I): Point Rich and Table Head, Newfoundland. 

Orthoceras hageri Hall. 

Orthoceras hageri Hall, Geol. Vermont, 1861, p. 718. 

Canadian (Beekmantpwn): West Haven, near Whitehall, Vermont. 



« 



BIBUOGRAPHIC LIST OF GBNERA. AKD SPECIES. 907 

Orthoeerss bftUannm Miller. 

Orthoceras HalU MJJler (not Bairande), Gmdniiati Quart Jour. Sd., 2, 1875, p. 

128, fig. 14.— Foard, Gat Foes. Ceph. British Mus., 1, 1888, p. 15. 
Orthoceias haUanum Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889^ p. 448, fig. 752. 
Richmond: Clinton County, Ohio. 

Okthocbbas HALU Miller. See Orthoceras hallanum. 

Okthoceras (Dawsonocbbas) hamhelu Foerste. See Dawsonoceras hammelli. 

Orthoeeras hanoTerense Foerste. 

Orthoceras (Eu-orthoceras) hanoverensis Foerste, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat Hist., 24, 
1889, p. 280, pi. 7, fig. 6; GeoL Surv. Ohio Pal., 7, 1893, p. 543, p. 32, fig. 6, 
pi. 35, fig. 8. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Hanover, Indiana; Dayton and Todds Fork, 
Wilmington, Ohio. 



Orthoceras harperl Miller., 

Orthoceras Harperi Miller, Cincinnati Quart Jour. Sd., 2, 1875, p. 128; Jour. 

Cincinnati Soc. Nat Hist., 4, 1881, p. 319, pi. 8. figs. 6, 6a. 
Maysville (ConyviUe): Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Obthocbbas hastatum Billings. See Tripteroceras hastatum. 

Orthoceras henrletta Dwig^t. 

Orthoceras Henrietta Dwig^t, Amer. Jour. Sd. Arts, 3d ser., 27, 1884, p. 256, 

pL 7, figs. 13, 14, 14a. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Rochdale, New York. 

Orthoceras herculaneus Vemeuil. Not recognized. 

Orthoceras Herculaneus Vemeuil, Bull. Soc. Geol. France, 2d ser., 4, 1847, p. 559. 
Trenton: Galena, Illinois. 

Orthoceras hercules Castelnau. Not recognized. 

Orthoceras Hercules Castelnau, Essai Syst. Sil. TAmerique Septent., 1843, p. 29. 
Niagaran: Drummond Island, I^ke Hiuon. 

Orthoceras hindei James. 

Orthoc^as Hindd James, Paleontologist, No. 1, 1878, p. 6.— James, J. F., Cin- 
cinnati Soc. Nat Hist, 8, 1886, p. 240, pi. 4, figs. 4a-d. 
Eden: Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Oheervation. — ^Not recognized. Founded on fragments of several spedes. 

Orthoceras (Ormoeerasf ) hitil Foerste. 

Orthoceras (Ormoceras?) hitzi Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, 

p. 77, pi. 1, fig. 3; pi. 2, fig. 22. 
Richmond (Whitewater-Saluda): Madison, Indiana, and northern Kentucky. 

Oktbocsbas Hon McChesney. See KLonoceras cancellatum. 

Orthoceras hudsonlcnm Ruedemann. 

Orthoceras hudsonicum Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 162, 1912, pi. 8, 

figs. a-10. 
Trenton (Canajohaiie): Alplans Creek, Saratoga County, New York. 

Orthoceras huronense Billings. 

Orthoceras Huronense Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Bep. Progr. for 1853-1856, 

1857, p. 337. 
Trenton(?): St Josephs Island, Lake Huron. 

84243*— Bull. 92— vol 2—15 ^18 



908 BULLBTIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Orthocerms Ignotam Foente. 

Orthoceras (Eu-orthoceras) ignotum Foerate, Ph)c. Boston Soc. Nat Hist., 24^ 

1889, p. 279, pi. 7, ^. 4; Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 539, pi. 82, fig. 4; pL 36, 

figs. 6a-c; figs. 5-7, p. 640. 
Orthoceras ignotum Foerste, Amer. Geol., 12, 1893, p. 236, figs. 5-7; Gecik. Burv» 

Ohio, Pal., 7, 1893, p. 541, figs. 5-7 on p. 540. 
Upper Medinan (Braasfield): Hanover, Indiana; near Dayton, Ohio. 

Orthocerms imbrieatum (Wahlenbeig). 

Orthoceratites imbiicatus Wahlenburg, Nova Acta Upsal., 1827, p. 89. 
Orthoceras imbricatum Sowerby in Mnrchison's Sil. Syst., 1839, p. d209 pL 9« 

fig. 2.— Hall, Fd. New York, 2, 1852, p. 291, pi. 61, figs. 4a-c; pL 62, figii. 

1-3.— Rogers, Geol. Pennsylvania, 2, pt. 2, 1858, p. 823, fig. 636.— Ethoddge, 

Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 34, 1878, p. 607. 
Silurian: Europe; LoclqxMrt and Rochester, New York; Gape Louis Napoleon, 

Arctic America. 

Obthoobras moBPruM Foerste. See Cycloceras inceptum. 

0HTHOCBRA8 THOBFTUM var. ACOXLBRATUM Focfste. See Cycloceras inceptum 
acceleratum. 

Orthoceras Indagator Billings. 

Orthoceras indagator Billings, Pal. Foes., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 349. 
Canadian (Romaine): Mingan Islands, Quebec. 

Obthooiras infbliz BilHngs. See Actinoceras infelix. 

Orthocbbas msuiABB Barrande. See Endoceras insulare. 

Obthogeras irrboularb McChesney. See Kionoceras cancellatum. 

Orthocbrab Jambsi Hall and Whitfield. See Spyroceras jamesL 

Orthooeras Jolletense Meek and Worthen. 

Orthoceras jolietense Meek and Worthen, Proc. Acad. Nat Sci. Philadelphia, 
1865, p. 256; Geol. Surv. Illinois, 6, 1875, p. 465, pi. 26, (^, 5.— Keyee, Mis- 
souri Geol. Surv., 5, 1894, p. 227. 

Niagaran (Racine): Joliet, Illinois. 

Orthoceras Juncenm Hall. 

Orthoceras junceum Hall, Tsl. New York, 1, 1847, p. 204, pi. 47, figs. 3arf.— 
Chamberlin, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, p. 158, fig.— J. F. James, Jour. Cincin> 
nati Soc. Nat. Hist., 8, 1886, p. 238.— Focrd, Cat. Foss. Ceph. BritiBh Mus.,, 
1, 1888, p. 10.— Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 790.— Cumings, 82d 
Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 1037, pi. 51, figs. 5, 5c.^ 
Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 48, fig. 1246. 

Trenton: Watertown, New York. 

Black River: Minneapolis and Fountain, Minnesota (Decorah); JanesviUe, Wis- 
consin (Platteville). 

Orthoobras (Eionoobras) kbntlandbnsis Kindle and Breger. See Kionoceras 
kentlandense. 

Orthoobras lavb Hall. See Orthoceras sublseve. 

Orthoobras Lamarcki Billings. See Protocycloceras lamarcld. 



BIBUOO&APHIC LIST OF GBNEBA AND 8PECIES. 909 

Ortboeerss Umelloram Hall. 

OrUiocertB lameUosvm Hall, Fd. New York, 1, 1847, p. 312, pi. 86, figs. 2»-«.— 
Chtpman, Ouadian Jour., n. b., 8, 186S, p. 20, fig. 127; Expos, liin., Ged. 
Canada, 18M, p. 128, fig. 127; p. 172, fig. 192.— Nicholflon, Rep. P^. Prov. 
Ontario, pt 2, 1875, p. 36, fig. 12b.— Ami, Trans. Ottawa Field Nat Club, 1, 
1882, p. 65.— Foord, Cat Foss. Ceph. British Mus., 1, 1888, p. 14. 
Gbftdnnattan (Polaiki): Near Pulaski, Turin, etc., New York. 

OsiHOCXXAS Lafwami McChesney. See Dawscmoceras annulatum. 

Obibooxbab laquxatum Hall. See Klonoceras laqueatum. 

OKmocxRAS (AciiNocBBAs) LATA-NUMMUIATU8 Foorste. See Actinoceras lato- 
nununulatsm. 

Orthoceras lattannnlatnm HaU. 

Ortfaoceras latiannulatum Hall, Nat Hist. New York, Pal., 1, 1847, p. 204, pi. 54, 

figB.la,b. 
Tienton: ICiddleville, New York. 

Ortlioeraa lentum Ruedemann. 

Orthoceras lentum Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 90, 1906, p. 433, 

pi. 14, figs. 1-3, text fig. 12. 
Chaayan (Valcour): East shore of Valcour Island, New York. 

Orthoceras leptdodendroldes Ptoks. 

Orthoceras lepidodendroides Parks in Tyziell, 22d Rep. Ontario Bur. Mines, 1913, 

p. 32. 
Ifohawkian or Richmond: Shamattawa River, Manitoba. 

Obthocxsas lssusuri Clarke. See Cydoceras lesueuri. 

OaxBocxsAS UNSOLATUM McChesuQy. See Kionoceras cancellatum. 

Orthoeeras llneolatiim (Hall). 

Endoceras proteilorme var. lineolatum Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 211, pi. 

45, figs. 4a-e; pi. 46, figs, la, b, c, 2a, b, 3; pi. 47, figs. 4a-e; pi. 59, figs. 3, 3a. 
Orthoceras lineolatum Clarke and Ruedemann (not Phillips, 1841), Bull. New 

York State Mus., 65, 1903, p. 628 (gen. ref.). 
Trenton: Middleville, etc., New York. 

Okihocbkas (Endocbras) LONGissiif um Roemer. See Vaginoceras longissimum. 

Orthoeeras loilas Hall. 

Othoceias kndas Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868, p. 380, 

pL 19 (10), fig. 7 (rev. ed., 1870). 
TSflurian: Green Bay, Wisconsin. 

Orthoceras hidlowense Ifiller and Faber. 

Orthoceras ludlowense Miller and Faber, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 17, 1894 , 

p. 139, pi. 7, figs. 1, 2. 
Trenton (Upper): West Covington, Kentucky. 

OaTBocBKAs LTCU8 Hall. See Oncoceras lycus. 

Orthoceras lyelU Billings. 

Orthoceras Xyelli Billingi, Oeol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Pxogr. for 1853-1856, 1857, 
p. 320.— Billings, Cat. Sll. Foss. Anticosti, Creol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 22 
(loc. ref.). 
Ridunond ((}harleton); East of Salmon River, Anticosti. 



910 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Orthooeras HAGNI8ULCATUM BilUiigs. See Kionoceras magnisulcatiim. 

Orthoceras maigiiiale Owen. Not recognised. 

Orthoceras marginale Owen, Geol. Expl. Iowa, Wisconfiin, Illinois, 2d ed., 1844, 

p. 70, pi. 16, fig. 6. 
Black River (Platteville): Wiaoonflln. 

Obthoobras Mabo Billings. See Spyroceras maro. 

Orthooeras medon BiUiogs. 

Ortlioc«»8 Medon BiUings, Gat. Sil. Fobs. Anticosti, Geol. Siurv. Canada, 1866^ 

p. 57. 
Antioostian (Chicotte): Southwest Point, Andoosd. 

Obthoobbas mbdullabb Hall. See ProtoldonoceEas meduUaie. 

Orthoceras meekl Miller. 

Orthoceras meeki. Miller, Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 126, text fig. 12; N. A. 

Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 449, fig. 753. 
Maysville (Fainnount): Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Orthooeras menelans Billings. 

Orthoceras Menelaus BiUlngs, Pal. Fobs., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 26. 
(Adv. sheets, 1862.) 
' Black Biver: Wolfe Island, near Kingston and Pointe Claire, Island of Montreal, 
Canada. 

Obthoobbas (Loxocbbas) millebi Foerste. See Loxoceras miUeii. 

Orthooeras minganense Billings. 

Orthoceras minganense Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Pxogr. for 1853-1856, 

1857, p. 319; Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 463 (loc. occ.). 
Chazyan (Mingan): Mingan Islands, Canada. 

Orthooeras mlnnesotense Sardeson. 

Orthoceras minnesotense Sardeson, Bull. Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sci., 4, 1896, p. 

77, pi. 3, figs. 11, 12. 
St. Peter: South St. Paul, Minnesota. 

Obthoobbas Missisquoi BlUings. See Cyrtoceras mlssisquoi. 

Orthoceras modestum Ruedemann. 

Orthoceras modestum Buedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 90, 1906, p. 436, 

fig. 14, pi. 12, figs. 1-3.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, 

p. 48. 
Chazvan (Valcour): Valcour Island and near Chazy, New York; Isle La Motte, 

Vermont. 

Orthooeras mohri Ifiller. 

Orthoceras Mohri Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 124, fig. 10.— 

James, J. F., Jour. Cindnnait Soc. Nat. Hist., 8, 1886, p. 238.— Foord, Oat 

Fofls. Ceph. British Mus., 1, 1888, p. 15.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 

449, &g, 564.--Cuming8, 32d Ann. Bep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1906, 

p. 1038, pi. 51, ^. 3. 
Richmond: Versailles, Indiana. 

Obthoobbas honilifobme HaU. See Loxoceras mcmiliforme. 

Obthoobbas montbealensis Billings. See £nd(X;eras montrealense. 



BIBUOOBAPHIG UST OF GENBBA AND SPECIES. 911 

OrthoMffts miiltieaiiieratam EmmoiM. 

Oithocens multicameratum (Conrad MS.) Emmons, Nat. Hist. New York 
Geol.,2d Diat.. 1842, p. 382, fig. 93.— Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 46; pi. 
11, figs, la-c.— Emmons, Amer. Qeol,, 1, pt. 2, 1856, p. 160, pi. 4, ^, 8.— 
Bogen, Geol. Pennsylvania, 2, pt. 2, 1858, p. 817, text ^, 696.— Billings, 
Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1869, p. 363, text fig. lib.— BUHngB, Canadian Nat. 
Geol., 4, 1859, p. 462 (loc. occ.).— Emmons, Man. Geol., 1860, p. 95, text 
fig. 82.— lincklaen, 14th Bep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1861, p. 41, 
pi. 2, fig. 12.— Hitchcock, Geol. Vermont, 1, for 1861, 1862, p. 298, text fig. 
212.— Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 8, 1884, p. 86, pi. 12, ^g. 3.— Foord, 
Oat. Foes. Ceph. British Mus., 1, 1888, p. 16.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsyl- 
vania, Hep. P 4, 1889, p. 553, figs.— Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, 
p. 789.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 48, ^, 1246. 

Black Biver: Watertown, etc., New York; Minneapolis, Fountain, etc., Minne- 
soCa; Mineral Point, Wisconsin; Bockton, Illinois. 

Pfciw^pe.—Cat. No. 17381, U.S.N.M. (Walcott). 

* 

Orthoeerfts multlUneatum (Emmons). 

Orthoceratitee mahilineatus Emmons, Nat. Hist. New York Geol., 2, 1842, p. 

397, fig. 7. 
Orthocefas muhilineatum Owen, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 47, 1844, p. 369, fig. 7; p. 

368, fig.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Hep. P 4, 1889, p. 563, ^. 
Trenton: New York. 

Ortboeerfts mnltlfleptam HaU. 

Ortiboceras multis^tum Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1862, p. 14, pL 4 (bis), figs. 8a, b.— 

Grabau, Bull. New York State Mus., 46, 1901, p. 216, (^. 146; Bull. Buffalo 

Soc. Nat. Sd., 7, 1901, p. 216, fig. 146. 
Upper Medinan: Lockport and Medina, New York. 

OiTHOCxKAS MimRATi BilUngs. See JoveUania murrayi. 

Orthoeerms nlaga'^ns^ Hall. 

Orthoceras niagarense Hall, 20th Bep. New York State Cab. Hist., 1868, pi. 20, 

fig. 3; rev. ed., 1870, p. 416, pi. 20, fig. 3. 
Orthoceras (Geisonoceras) niagarense Kindle and Breger, 28th Ann. Bep. Dep. 

GeoL Nat. Bes. Indiana, 1904, p. 471. 
Niagaran: Waukesha and Pewaukee, Wisconsin (Badne); near Anderson, 

Indiana. 

OiTBocKKAS NicoLLBTi Clarke. See Cycloceras nicoUeti. 

Okthocxsas N0D0008TATUK McChosnoy. See Dawsonoceras annulatum. 

OvTHOcxsAa (Ctglockrab) NOYA-CARLisLBNSia Foersto. See Cycloceras novacar- 
lisiense. 

OsTHocKBAB NiTifMnLABiuM Etherldgo. See Actinoceras badd. 

Orthoeerfts oberon Billings. 

Orthoceras obeion Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 82. 
Niagaran (Lockport): Grimsby Township, Ontario. 

Ofthoeeras obstmetum Newell. 

Orthoceras obetmctum Newell, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 23, 1866, pp. 467, 468, 

Ni^ann: Wabadi City, Indiana. 



\ 



912 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Orthocbrab olorus HalL See Oycloccras olanis. 

Orthocbras olorus bafunensis Schuchert. See Cycloceraa olonu bafSnenau. 

Orthocbrab ommanbti Salter. See Endooeras ommaneyi. 

Orthoceras oneldaense Walcott. 

Orthoceras Oneidaenae Walcott, Trans. Albany Inst. 10, 1883 (adv. dbaets, 1S79), 

p. 22, pi. 1, figs. 7, 7a. 
Utica: Trenton, Oneida County, New York. 

Orthooeras ordlnatiim Billings. 

Orthoceras ordinatum Billings, Pal. Fobs., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 350. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): St. Anne and Township of Oxford, Ontario. 

Orthoceras ortonl Meek. 

Orthoceras Ortoni Meek, Ptoc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1872, p. 330; PaL 
Ohio, 1, 1873, p. 155, pi. 13, fig. 8.~MiIler, Cincinnati Quart. Joor. ScL, 2, 
1875, p. 130.— James, J. P., Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 8, 1886, p. 239. — 
Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 555, ^. 

Eden (Southgate?): Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Orthocbrab orub Hall. See Eionoceras cancellatum. 

Orthoeeras ottawaense Billings. 

Orthoceras ottawaense Billings, Oeol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1853-1856, 

1857, p. 331. 
Black River (Leray): La Petite Chaudiere Rapids, Ottawa River, Canada. 

Orthoceras oiarkense Shumard. 

Orthoceras Ozarkense Shumaid, Trans. Acad. Sd. St. Louis, 2, 1863, p. 107. — 

Eeyes, Missouri Geol. Surv., 5, 1894, 1895, p. 226. 
Canadian (Yellvllle): Ozark County, MisBouri. 

OsTHooBRAB PBRANKULATUH BiUiugs. Soo Cyclocoras crocus. 

Orthoceras perparvum Billings. 

Orthoceras perparvum Billings, Pal. Fosb., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 27 

(adv. sheets 1862). 
Black River: Pallideau Islands, Lake Huron. 

Obthoobras PBRRon Clarke. See Cydoceras penoti. 

Orthoceras perseus Billings. 

Orthoceras perseus Billings, Pal. Fobs., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 313. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Phillipsbuig, Quebec. 

Obthoobras pbbsiphonatum Billuigs. See Huionia peniphonatum. 

Orthoceras pertlnax Billings. 

Orthoceras pertinax Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 175. 
Black River (Leray): Pauquettes Rapids, Ottawa River, Canada. 

Orthoceras plctoense Dawson. 

Orthoceras Pictoense Dawson, Canadian Nat., n. b., 9, 1880, p. 343. 
SUurian: Pictou, Nova Scotia. 

Orthoceras pfleolnm Billings. 

Orthoceras pileolum Billings, Cat. Sil. Fobs. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 58. 
Anticostian (Chiootte): Near Jupiter River, Anticosti. 



BIBUOQBAPHIO LIST OF GENEBA AND SPECIES. 913 

Ortlioeeras piaestor BillingB. 

Orthoc«ras piacalor Billinga, Pal. Foas., 1, Geol. Surv. Ciouuia, 1865, p. 251, fig. 

237. 
Cautfyan (Quebec^ I-N): Table Head and Point Rich, Newfoundland. 

Orthoearas plao BillingB. 

Ortfaocotaa Piao BUlingB, FftL Foaa., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 168 (adv. 

aheete, 1862). 
Richmond: Cape Smyth, Manitoulin Island, Lake Huron. 

OsiHocxRAa PiANOOOKVSXUM Hall. See Tripteroceraa planoconvexum. 

• 
Ortfaoeerms porter! Schuchert. 

Orthoceraa porteri Schuchert, Pkoc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 22, 1900, p. 169, pi. 12, figs. 

2^-25. 

Ifohawkian: Head of Frobiaher Bay, Baffin Land. 

J7olo^7>e.— Oat. No. 28194, U.S.N.M. 

OiTBocKRAa (Huronia) Pobtlocki Baizande. See Huzonia portlocki. 

teUioearss prlamus Billinga. 

Orthoceraa Priamua Billings, Pal. Fobs., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 253, figs. 

23&a,b. 
Orthocecaa cL Priamua Matthew, Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 10, sec. 55, 1893, p. 106, 

pL 7, flga. 13a, b. 
Cbasyan (Qu^>ec— L, M): Point Rich and Table Head, Newfoundland. 
TCanadian (Bretonian— Div. C3d): St. John, New Brunswick. 

Orthoeeraaf primlgenlum Vanuxem. 

Orthocene primigenium Vanuxem, Geol. New York, 3d Dist., 1842, p. 36, ^. 4. — 
Emmona, Nat. Hist. New York, Geol., 2d Dist., 1842, p. 179, fig. 4.— Owen, 
Amer. Jour. Sd. Arts, 47, 1844, pp. 357, 358, ^, 4.— Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 
1847, p. 13, pi. 3, fig. 11, 11a.— Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 148.— 
Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 2, 1889, p. 56, pi. 10, ^g. 1.— Lesley 
Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 556, figs.— Calvin, Bull. Lab. 
Nat. Hist. State Univ. Iowa, 2, 1892, p. 193j Amer. Geol., 10, 1892, p. 147.— 
Ckhnd, Amer. Pd., Bull. 13, 1900, p. 20; ibid., 4, 1903, p. 14, pi. 3, ^. 8, 9.— 
Ruedemann, BuU. New York State Mus., 90, 1906, p. 504.— Seely, Vermont 
State Geol., Rep. 7, 1910, p. 301, ^. 29.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 
Foesils, 2, 1910, p. 47. 

Canadian (Beekmantown): Near Fort Plain, Beekmantown, Fort Hunter, etc., 
New York; Iowa. 

Orthoceraa progreaaum Ruedemann. 

Orthocene pr og ro ooum Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 90, 1906, p. 434, 

pL 12, figs. 5, 6; fig. 13. 
Chaayan (Valcour): Valoour Island, New York. 

OsTBOCBRAa PBonNQUiTM BillingB. See Actinoceras fulgur. 

Orthoceraa pnnctoatriatnm Hall. 

Orthocecaa punctoatriatum Hall, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 154, ^, 15. — 

DawBon, Acadian Geol., Suppl. Chap., p. 68, ^, 61; 2d ed., 1868, p. 605, 

5g. 212. 
Silurian: Ariaaig, Nova Scotia. 



914 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Orthoceras pylades BillingB. 

Orthoceras Pylades BiUings, Oat. Sil. Foes. Anticosti, GeoL Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 84. 
Niagaran (Lockport): Grimsby, Ontario. 

Obthoobbas fithon Billings. See Actinoceras (Deiroceras) python. 

Orthocebas bapaz Billings. See Endoceras rapaz. 

Orthoceras raptor Billings. 

Orthocenis raptor Billings, Oat. Sn. Foes. Antioosti, GeoL Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 67. 
Anticostian (Jupiter River): Near Jupiter River, Anticosti. 

Orthocerms reoedens Baiiande. 

Orthoceras recedens Barrande, Syst. Sil. du Boheme, 4nie ser., 2, 1870, pi. 433, 

figs. 3, 4. 
Ordovician: Newfoundland. 

Obthocbbas BB0TIANNX7ULTUM Hall. See Cydoceraa? rectiannulatum. 

Orthoceras recticameratnm Hall. 

Orthoceras recticameratum Hall, Pal. New York, 1847, p. 46, pi. 11, fig. Id. — 

Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 48. 
Black River (Lowville): Watertown, etc., New York. 

Orthoceras rectum Worthen. 

Orthoceras rectum Worthen, GeoL Surv. Illinois, 6, 1875, p. 504, pi. 26, fig. 8. — 
Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 5, 1903, p. 78, pi. 12, 
^, 9.— <}rabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 48. 

Orthoceras crebescens Hall and Whitfield, Geol. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 148, pi. 9, fig. 2. 

Niagaran: Joliet, Illinois (Racine); Shelby, New York, and CedarviUe, Ohio 
(Guelph). 

Orthoceras rectum Junius Foerete. 

Orthoceras (Eu-orthoceras) rectum var. junior Foerste, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. 

Qist., 24, 1889, p. 278, pL 7, figs. 1, 2. 
Orthoceras (£u-orthoceras) rectum var. Junius Foerste, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal. 7, 

1893, p. 32, figs. 1, 2. 
Upper Medinan (Braasfield): Hanover, Indiana. 

Orthoceras remus Billings. 

Orthoceras remus Billings, Cat. Sn. Foss. Anticosti Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 85. 
Niagaran (Lockport): Grimsby, Ontario. 

Orthoceras* repens Billings. 

Orthoceras repens Billings, Pal. Fobs., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 312. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Phillipsbuig, Quebec. 

Orthoceras rhythmoldes (Foerste). 

Orthoceras (Eu-orthoceras) rhythmoides Foerate, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 24, 

1889, p. 279, pL 8, fig. 2. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Near Carlisle, Ohio. 

Obthocbbas bichabdsoni Barrande. See Actinoceras richardsoni. 



BIBIIOGRAPHIC UST OF GBKERA. AND SPECIES. 915 

Orthoeerms rlgldain Hall. 

Orthocens rigidum Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1861, p. 344, pi. 70, figs. 3a-<l.— BU- 
lhi0i, Ptoc. Portland 8oc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1863, p. 119.— Newell, Proc. Boston 
Sec Nat. Hist., 23, 1888, p. 467.— Maynard, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. 
Dev., 1913, p. 488, pi. 88, fig. 5 

Helderbeargian: Herkimer County, New York (Manlius transition); Devil's Back- 
bone, Maryland (Keyser). 

TNiagaran: Peru, Indiana. 

Oithocerms rogerseiiM Foerste. 

Orthoceras rpgersensis Foerste, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 21, 1914, p. 143, 

pi. 1, figs. 17a, b. 
Trenton (Upper): Rogers Cktp, Kentucky. 

* 

Obihocesas BOTrBRMirNDZ Baiiande. See Endoceraa rottermundi. 

OwtBocERAB KOTULATUM Billiugs. Soo Actiuoceras rotulatum. 

Ortboeerss ssyl Billings. 

Orthoc^as Sayi Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 315. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Phillipsbuig, Quebec. 

Orthoeerms sealarlforme Schuchert. 

Orthoceraa scalaiiformis Schuchert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 22, 1900, p. 170, pi. 

12, figs. 17, 18. 
Mohawkian: Head of Frobiaher Bay, Baffin Land. 
Hoiot^pe.—K^tX. No. 28195, U.S.N.M. 

Okthockras 8CAMMONI McChesnoy. See Kionoceraa cancellatum. 

Orthoeerfts sehneherti Maynard. 

Orthoceras schucherti Maynard, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, p. 487, 

pi. 88, fig. 4. 
Helderbeigian (Ke3rser): Cumberland, Maryland. 

OarBocxauLB skdgwtcki BilHngs. See Actinoceras sedgwicki. 

Orthoeerms selklrkense Whiteaves. 

Orthoceras Selklrkense Whiteaves, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 9, sec. 4, 1892, 

p. 82, pL 8, figs. 2, a, b; Pal. Foas., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 123 

(loc. occ.) ; ibid., pt 8, 1897, p. 212. 
Black Biver or Richmond: E^ast Selkirk, Manitoba. 

Orthoeerfts sdwynl Billings. 

Orthoceras selwyni Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 161 (adv. 
sheets, 1862).— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, 
p. 98. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Gait, Ontario. 

OiTBOCxBAs ananASATUU Whiteaves. See Jovellania semiplanata. 

OanocsRAS sbbvilb Billings. See Tripteroceras servile. 

Obthockras shum audi Billings. See Geisonoceras shumardi. 

Orthoeerfts irieboldl Billings. 

Oriboc&nm Sieboldi Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Antlcoeti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

pp. 23, 58. 
Richmond (English Head) and Gamachian: Near West End Light House and 

Gamache Bay, Anticosti. 



1 

\ 



916 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Orthocbras 8IMP80NI BiUings. See Narthecoceraa simpeoni. 

Orthoceras simtilator Hall. 

Orthoceras simulator Hall, 28th Rep. New York State Mua. Nat. Hist., doc. ed., 

1877, pi. 27, figs. 11, 12; mus. ed., 1879, p. 179, pi. 27, figs. 11, 12; 11th Ann. 

Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 322, pi. 28, figs. 11, 12; pi. 33, 

figs. 1, 2.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 667, figs. — 

Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 49. 
Niagaran (Waldion): Waldron, Indiana. 

Orthoceras soclale Hall. 

Orthoceras gregarium Hall (not Sowerby, 1839), Rep. Supt. Geol. Surv. Wisconain, 

1861, p. 46. 
Orthoceras sodale Hall in Miller N. A, Pal. Foss., 2d ed., 1877, p. 245.— J. F. 

James, Amer. Geol., 5, 1890, p. 355. — ^Whitfield, Mem. Amer. Mus. Nat. 

Hist., 1, pt. 2, 1895, p. 71, pi. 8, figs. 16-23.— Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pi. 2, 

1897, p. 789, pi. 55, fig. 7. 
Orthoceras (Geisonoceras) soclale Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index FosaUs, 2, 

1910, p. 48, fig. 1248. 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Maquoketa Greek, etc., Iowa; Scales Mound, etc., 

niinoj^. 

Orthoceras sordidum Billings. 

Orthoceras sordidum Billings, Canadian Nat. GeoL, 4, 1859, p. 363, fig. Ill, k; 

Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 121, fig. 39a, b. — Lesley, Gedl. 

Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 558, figs. 
Canadian (Romaine): Mingan Islands, Quebec. 

Orthoceras soRDinnM Billings. See Endoceras montrealense. 

Orthoceras (Huronia) sph^broidale Stokes. See Actinoceras sphaeroidale. 

Orthoceras sptsslseptum Dwight. 

Orthoceras spissiseptiun Dwight, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 3d ser., 27, 1884, p. 256, 

pi. 7, fig. 12. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Rochdale, New York. 

Orthoceras (Spyrooerasf) spyrooeroldes Foerste. 

Orthoceras (Spyroceras?) spyroceroides Foerste, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal. 7, 1893, 

p. 545. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Near New Carlisle, Ohio. 

Orthoceras strlaBllneatum McChesney. 

Orthoceras strlselineatum McChesney, Desc. New Fossils, 1861, p. 94. 
Niagaran (Racine): Chicago, Illinois. 

Orthoceras strlgatum Hall. 

Orthoceras strigatum Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 205, pi. 56, figs. la-l. — 

Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 150. — ^Hitchcock, Geol. Vermont, 

1, 1861, 1862, p. 298, ^. 211. 
Trenton: Middleville, New York. 

Orthoceras strix Hall and Whitfield. See Kionoceras strix. 

Orthoceras subarcuatum Hall. See Loxoceras moniliforme and Spyroceras 
clintoni. 



BIBUOQBAPHIO LIST OF GBNEBA AND BPECIES. 917 

Orthoeeras siibbaciilum Meek and Worthen. 

Ordiocens sabbaculum Meek and Worthen, IVoc. Acad. Nat Sd. Philadelphia, 

1865, p. 256. 
Niagaian: (Radne): Joliet, TllinoiH. 

OKmocxBAS auBOAMCBUATiTM Hall. See Kumocetaa canceUatom. 

Orthoeeras subteTe D'Orbigny. 

Orthoceraa laeve Hall (not Fleming), Geol. New York, 4, 1843, p. 137, f^, 2; p. 

138; tab. iU. 25, fig. 2. — Owen, Amer. Jour. Sd. Arts., 2d ser., 1, 1846, p. 46, 

fig. 2. 
Ordwcena Bubkeve D'Orbigny, Prodr. Pal., 1, 1850, p. 28.— Ledey, Geol. Surv. 

Penn8ylvania,-Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 559, fig. 
Niagaian (Guelph): Newark, Wajme County, New York. 

Ortlioeeras tenemm Billings. 

Orthoceraa tener Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 174. 
Black River (Leray): Pauquettes Rapids, Ottawa River, Canada. 

OBraocxsAB (Ormocxras) tbnxtifilux James. See Actinoceras tenuifilum. 

OmocsRAS TXNUisxpTUM Hall. See Cameroceras tenuiseptum. 

Ortlioeeras tenutslphonatiim Foerate. 

Ortikocecaa tenui-aiphonatum Foerate, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 24, 1889, p. 

278. 
Orthoceraa (Eu-Orthoceras7) viigulatum Foerste, Ptoc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 

24, 1889, p. 276, pi. 7, fig. 5; Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 7, 1893, p. 643, pi. 32, 

fig. 5; pi. 35, fig. 3. 
Upper Medinan (Braasfield): Soldiers' Home, Dayton, Ohio. 

Orthoeeras tenutotriatuin (Hall). 

* Endoceraa proteiforme var. tenuistriatum Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 209, 
pi. 45, figs, la, b; pi. 47, figs, la, b; 2a-^; pi. 59, figs. 2a, b. — ^Lesley, Geol. 
Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, p. 217, figs. 
Ortiioceras tenuistriatum Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 788, pi. 55, 
figs. 4, 6.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey^ Pal., 3, 1903, p. 188, pi. 13, 
BgL 1, 2. 
Trenton: MiddleviUe, etc., New York; Jacksonburg, New Jersey. 
Bla<^ River (Platteville): Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 

Orlhoeeras tenulteztum (Hall). 

ESndoceras proteiforme var. tenuitextum Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 210, 

pi. 45, figs. 2a, b, 3a, b, 5a-c; pi. 48, figs. 2a-<;; pi. 59, figs, la, b. 
Orthoceras tenuitextum Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jereey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 189, 

pi. 13, figs. 3, 4. 
Trenton: MiddleviUe, etc.. New Yo^; Jacksonburg, New Jeraey. 

OmioosKAS TBBBTiFOSMx Hall. See Cydoceras teretiforme. 

Orthoeerma textile Hall. 

Orthoceras textile Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 199, pi. 43, figs, la, b.— Em- 
mons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 150. 
Trsnton: Watertown, New York. 

Orthoeeras tltyms Billings. 

Orthoceras Tityrua Billings, P&l. Foss., 1, Ged. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 316. 
OMMullan (Beekmantown): Phillipsbuig, Quebec. 



918 BULLBTIK 02, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Orthoceras transyersum Miller. 

Orthoceras traosveraiim Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 129. 
James, J. F., Jour. Cincinnati Sec. Nat. HiBt., 8, 1886, p. 239.— Uliich, 

Geol., 1, 1888, p. 325.— Foord, Cat. Foas. Ceph. Biitiah Mub., 1, 1888, p. 15. 

MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 452, fig. 755. 

Eden: Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

Obthocxras TRuarruM Clarke and Ruedemann, See Protddonoceiaa tmntom. 

Orthoceras turbtdum Hall and Whitfield. 

Orthoceraa turbidum Hall and Whitfield, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 2, 1875, p. lOO, 

pi. 3, fig. 1.— James, J. F., Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 8, 1886, p. 240. 

Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 560, ^. 

Maysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

OsTHocxRAs (AcnNOCBRAs) TURQiDo-NUMMULATUM Foersto. Soo Actinocersfl 
tuigidonummulatum. 

Orthoceras tyronense Foerste. 

Orthoceras tyronensis Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1912, p. 139, 

pi. 10, figs. 5a, b. 
Black River (Lowville): High Bridge, Kentucky. 

Orthocxras unbulatum Hall. See Dawoonoceras annulatnm. 

Orthoceras undulostrlatum Hall. 

Orthoceras undulostriatum Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 202, pi. 43, figa. 

7ar-k.— Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 150.— Salter, Quart. Jour. 

Geol. Soc. London, 15, 1859, p. 375, pi. 13, figs. 25, 26. 
Trenton: Middleville, New York. 

Ortboceras unlonense Worthen. 

Orthoceras Unionensis Worthen, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 6, 1875, p. 505, pi. 26, fig. 4. — 
'' Newell, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 23, 1888, p. 467. 
Niagaran: Union County, Illinois; Wabash, Indiana. 

Ortho€era8(f) yagum Ruedemann. 

Orthoceras(?) vagum Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 90, 1906, p. 435» 

pi. 13, figs. 1-3; pi. 9, fig. 9. 
Chazyan (Valcour): Valcour Island, New York; Isle La Motte, Vermont. 

Orthoceras varro Billings. 

Orthoceras varro Billixigs, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 84. 
Niagaran (Lockport): Rockwood and Grimsby, .Ontario. 

Orthoosras vbloz BiUings. See Cameroceras velox. 

Orthoceras vsrtbbralb Hall. See Cycloceras olorus. 

Orthoceras (Ormooeras) vbrtebratum Barrande. See Actinoceras vertebratum. 

Orthoceras veterator Billings. 

Ortboceras veterator Billings, Pal. Foes., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 350. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Townehip of Oxford, Ontario. 

Orthoosras viroatum? Hall. See Eionoceras cancellatum. 

Orthoceras vlrgulatam Hall. * 

Orthoceras viigulatum Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 96, pi. 29, fig. 2a, b, c. 
Lower Clinton: Reynale's Basin and Lockport, New York. 



BIBUOGRAPHIC LIST OF OENBRA AND SPECIES. 919 

OmocmxAA (EuobtbocxbasT) viboulatum Foerate. See Orthoceias tenuisipho- 



Tulgatmn Billings. 
Orihoceam Tulgatum BilUn^s, Geol. Surv. Canada, Bep. Frogr. for 1853-56 

1857, p. 337. 
Tteotosi: Ottawa, Ontario. 



Ortluieerms wauwatosense Whitfield. 

Ortfaoceraa wauwatoeense WMtfield, Ann. Bep. for 1879, Wisconsin Oeol. Surv., 

1880, p. 66; Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 297, pi. 19, fig. 2. 
Niagaxan (Badne): Near Waawatoea, Wisconsin. 

(MMKeeas westoni Whiteaves. 

Orduiceias wertoni Whiteaves, Ottawa Nat, 12, 1898, p. 117; Geol. Surv. Canada, 

Pal. Fofls., 3, pt 4, 1906, p. 324. 
Tienton: Mile End, Montreal, Quebec. 

Observation. — Species dropped by author, who in 1906 regarded specimen as a 
flipkuAcle d Endoceras. 

Orthoeeras winnlpegense Whiteaves. 

Ordiocetas Winnipegense Whiteaves, Trans. Boy. Soc. Canada, 9, sec. 4, 1892, 
p. 82, pi. 6, figs. 4, 4a, b; Pal. Foss. Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 212. 
Black Biver or Bichmond: Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba. 

Obbbooxras wooDflwoBTm McChesney. See Eionoceras cancellatum. 

Ortlioeeras zeixes Billings. 

Orthoceias Xerxes Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 316. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Philliiwbuig, Quebec. 

OBmooBBAB ziPHiAfl BUfings. See Tnpteroceras xiphias. 

OtamocKRAB (AoiiNOOBBAs) TOUMOi FooBte. See Actinoceras youngi. 

OaiBoonuLTiTBS Waldheim. See Orthoeeras Breynius. 

OBTHODBSMA Hall and Whitfield. Genotype: 0. rectum Hall and Whitfield. 
OiAodesma Hall and Whitfield, Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 93.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 
2, 1881, p. 219.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 497.— Ulrich, Geol. Surv. 
Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 660; Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 516.— Cumings, 32d 
Ann. Bep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Bes. Indiana, 1908, p. 982.— Grabau and Shimer, 
N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 379. 

OnHODsaMA (part) of authors. See Bhytimya and CymatoDOta Uliich. 



Orthodeama afllne Whiteaves. ^ 

Orthodema affine Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, 

p. 184, pi. 20, fig. 5. 
Black Biver or Bichmond: Selkirk Island, Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba. 

Orthodesma antiquum Whiteaves. 

OrdiodeaBia antiquum Whiteaves, Ottawa Nat, 22, 1908, p. Ill, pi. 3, ^. 10. 
Black Biver (LowviUe): Hog Back near Ottawa, (hitario; Aylmer, Quebec. 

Ortbodeama approxtmatum Foerste. 

Orthodesma approximatum Foerate, Bull. Set Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, 

p. 285, pi. 1, fig. 5. 
Cincinnatian (Pulaski): Chambly, Quebec. 



920 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

0BIB0DB8MA ASHMANi Miller and Faber. See Rhytunya xadiata. 
Obthodbsma BTBNB8I Miller. See Rhytimya bymeaL 

Ortbodeema eanaUcalatam Ulridi. 

OrtihodeBma canaliculatum UMch, Creol. Minneeota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 520, pi. 37 
figs. 7-11.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey Pal., 3, 1903, p. 171, pi. 11, fijr- 
5.— OumingB, 32d Ann. Hep. Dep. Geol. Nat Ees. Indiana, 1908, p. 1012, 
pi. 47, figs. 4, 4b.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Foflsilfl, 1, 1909, p. 380, 
figs. 482d-6. 

Bichmond: Spring Valley, Minnesota; Ohio and Indiana. 

?Trenton: Jacksonbuig, New Jersey. 

Cb^fpet.— Cat. No8. 46271, 46272, U.S.N.M. 

Orthodeema contractum (Hall). 

Ortlionota contracta Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 300, pi. 82, figtf. 8a, b. — 

Pictet, Tiaite de Pal., 2d ed., 3, 1855, p. 571, pi. 80, 6g, 27.— Emmons, An&er. 

Geol., 1, pt 2, 1855, p. 174.— MiUer, Cincinnati Quart. Joitf. Sd., 1, 1874, 

p. 222. 
Orthodesma contractum Hall and Whitfield, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 2, 1875, p. 

96, pi. 2, figs. 4, 5.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, P 4, 1889, p. 563, Bg^ 
MaysviUe: Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Plastolype.—CAt No. 46751, U.S.N.M. 
Observation. — ^Possibly the same as Ehytimya mickelboroughi (Whitfield). 

Obthodbsica cunbivobmb Miller. See Sphenolium cuneiforme. 

Orthodesma curium (Hall). 

Orthonota curta Hall (not Hall, 1852), Geol. Hep. 4tli Dist., New York, 1843, p. 

76, ^. 1, tab. ill. 8, 6g, 1.— Owen, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 48, 1845, p. 306, 4g. 

1.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 567, 6g, 
Orthodesma curtum Whitfield and Hovey, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat Hist, 11, pi. 2, 

1899, p. 160 (gen. ref.). 
Clinton: Walcott, New York. 

Orihodesma eurraium (Hall and Whitfield). 

Orthodesma curvata Hall and Whitfield, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pkd., 2, 1875, p. 95, pL 

2, fig. 6.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Kep. P 4, 1889, p. 563, Bg. 
Richmond (WaynesviUe): Near WaynesviUe, Ohio. 

Obthodbsica otlindbicxtm Miller and Faber. See Cymatonota cyllndrica. 

Obthodbsica cthbula. Miller and Faber. See Rhytimyamickleboroughi. 

Obthodbsica bllepticuic Miller. See Pfiiloconcha elliptica. 

Obthodbsica pabbbi Miller. See Rhytimya fabeii. 

Obthodbsica gbandb Miller. See Psiloconcha grandis. 

Obsbodbsxa mxcklbboboughi Whitfield. See Rhytimya mickleborou^iL 

Obthodbsica minimum MUler. See Psiloconcha minima. 

Obthodbsma minnbsotbnsb Miller. See Psiloconcha minnesotensis. 

Orihodesma miimesoieiise Ulridi. 

Orthodesma minnesotense Ulrich, 19th Ann. Rep. Qeoh Nat Hist Surv. Minne- 
sota, 1892, p. 228, 6g. 14; (}eol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 517, pi. 37, figs. 
12 and 14. 

Black River (Decorah): St. Paul, Minnesota. 

J3bto^p«.— Cat. No. 46273, U.S.N.M. 



BIBLJOGBAPHIG LIST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 921 

Orhodksiia xundum Miller and Faber. See Rhytimya mundum. 

Ortkodesms nasatmn (Conrad). 

Cypricaidites nasuta Conrad, 5th Ann. Eep. New York Geol. Surv., 1841, p. 62. — 

Emmons, Geol. Bep. New York, 1842, p. 403, 6g, 4. 
ModiolopBiB namitua Hall, P^. New York, 1, 1847, p. 159, pi. 35, 6g. 7; p. 296, pi. 

81, fig. 2. 
(Miodesma nasutnm Clarice and Bnedemann, Bull. New York State Mas., 66, 

1903, p. 468 (gen. ref.).— Foerete, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 

286, pi. 3, fig. 5; pi. 5, fig. 3. 
CSncinnatian (Pulaski): Near Bome, Loraine, etc.. New York. * 

Trenton: Carlisle, Pennsylvania. 

Orthodesma oeddentale MUler. 

Orthodesma occidentale MiUer,' Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 3, 1881, p. 316, 

pL 8, figs. 6, 6a. 
Eden (Southgate): Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Obihodksma paratjiKla of authors. See Cymatonota pandlela. 

Orthodesma parrum Ulrich. 

Orthodesma parvum Uhrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 660, pi. 55, figs. 19-20. 
Ifaysville (Corryville): Cincinnati, Ohio. 
mioiifpe.—C3X. No. 46274, U.S.N Jl. 

Obbbodsbma PRODucmBONS MiQer. See Cymatonota productifions. 

Orthodesma prolatum Foerste. 

Orthodesma prolatum Foenste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 289, 

pi. 1, fig. 15. 
Cindnnadan (Pulaski): St Lawrence Biver, below Becancour Biver, Quebec. 

Orthodesma pulasklense Foerste. 

OrUiodesma pulaskiensis Foeiste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 288, 

pi. 3, fig. 6. 
Cindnnadan (Pulaski): Near Pulaski, New York. 

Orthodesma rectum Hall and Whitfield. 

Orthodesma rectum Hall and Whitfield, Pal. Ohio, 2, 1876, p. 94, pi. 2, figs. 7, 8.— 
Lesley, Ged. Surv. Pennsylvania, Bep. P 4, 1889, p. 565, figs.— Miller, N. A. 
Geol. P^., 1889, p. 497, ^. 874.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Bep. Dep. Geol. Nat. 
Bes. Indiana, 1908, p. 1014, pi. 47, figs. 6, 6a.— Gna)au and Shuner, N. A. 
Index FosbUs, 1, 1909, p. 379, fig. 484. 
Blchmond (Waynesville): Waynesville, etc., Ohio; Indiana. 

OiTHODSSMA SAvroBDi UMch. Soo Whiteavosla saffordi. 

Obthodbsxa scaphuia Miller and Fkber. See Bhytimya scaphula. 

Orthodesma sehnehertl Ulrich. 

Orthodesma schucherti, Ulrich, Qeol, Ifinnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 518, pi. 36, 

figs. 25, 26. 
Trenton (Prosser): Near Spring Valley, Minnesota. 

Okxhodssica sbmistbiatitm MiQer. See Cymatonota semistriata. 
OsTBonssMA 8INXJATUM Miller. See Bhytimya sinuata. 



922 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Orthodesma subangulatum Ulrich. 

Orthodesma eubangulatum Ulrich, GeoL Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 660, pi. 55, figa. 

21-23.— Oumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. GeoL Nat. Reo., Indiana, 1908, p. 1015, 

pi. 47, figs. 7, 7a. 
Richmond (Whitewater): Richmond, Indiana. 
Cofypet.— Cat. No. 46275, U.S.N.M. 

Orthodesma subcartnatum Ruedemann. 

Orthodeema? subcarinatum Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 162, 1912, 

p. 96, pi. 5, figs. 5-8. 
Trenton (Snake Hill): Snake Hill, Saratoga County, New York. 

Orthodeama subnaautum (Meek and Worthen). 

Modiolopsis subnasuta Meek and Worthen (not Hall, 1860), Proc. Philadelphia 

Acad. Nat, Sci., 1870, p. 41; Geol. Surv. Hlinois, 6, 1875, p. 494, pi. 23, 

fig. 9ar-b. 
Orthodesma subnasutum Ulrich, Greol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 518, pi. 36, 

figs. 23 and 24.— Orabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 380, 

fig. 4821>-c. 
Orthodesma cf. subnasutum Foerste, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 21, 1914, 

p. 135, pi. 1, fig. 11. 
Modiolopsis caRollensis Worthen, Bull. Illinois State Mus. Nat. Hist., 1, 1882, 

p. 38. 
Trenton: Carroll County and Dixon, Illinois (Galena); Rogers Gap, Kentucky(7). 
PZefiotype.— Cat. No. 46276 U.S.N.M. (UMch). 

Obthodbsma suboyalb Ulrich. See Psiloconcha subovalis. 

Orthodbbm A TBNX7I8TBXATUM Miller. See Psiloconcha tenuistriata. 

ORTHODONnscus Mook. See Cycloconcha Miller. 

Orthoobaptus AMn Lapworth. See Gloesograptus (Orthograptus) quadrimucronatua. 

Orthooraptus basilicus Lapworth. See Diplograptus basilicus. 

Orthooraptub QUADRiMUCRONATua Auu. See Glossograptus (Orthogn^tus) quad- 
rimucronatus. 

Orthonbma nbwbbrrti Meek. See Acanthonema newberryL 

ORTHONOMiBA Hall. See Zygospira Hall. 

Obthonota (part) Conrad. See Cymatonota Ulrich. 

ORTHONOTA Conrad. Genotype: O. undulata Conrad, 

Orthonota Conrad, 5th Ann. Rep. New York Geol. Surv., 1841, p. 50.— Salter. 
Mem. Geol. Surv. Great Britain, 2, pt. 1, 1848, p. 359.— D'Orbigny, Prodr. 
Pal., 1, 1849, p. 12.— Pictet,Traite de Pal., 2d ed., 3, 1855, p. 571.— Emmons, 
Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 173.— Conrad, Amer. Jour. Conch., 2, 1866, 
p. 103.— Hall, Prelim. Notice Lam., pt. 2, 1870, p. 85.— Miller, Cincinnati 
Quart. Jour. Sd,, 1, 1874, p. 221.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1881, p. 129.— 
Barrande, Acephales (Extraits Syst. 811. Centre Boheme, 6), 1881, p. 198; 
p. 125.— Hall, Pal. New York, 5, pt. 1, Lam. 2, 1885, p. xlv.— Bigot, BuU. 
Soc. Geol. France, 3d ser., 1889, 17, p. 799.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, 
p. 497.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 6, 1899, p. 267.— Hind, Mon. 
British Carb. Lam., 1, 1900, Pal. Soc., p. 363. 
Orthonotus McCoy, British Pal. Rocks Foes., 1854, p. 274.— Salter, Cat. Camb. 
and Sil. Foss., 1873, p. 65.— Woodward, Man. Mollusca, pt. 2, 1854, p. 266. 



BIBUOOBAPHIO UST OF GBNEBA AND SPECIES. 923 

Orthonota angoUferft McCoy. 

Orthonota anguHfera McCoy, BritiBh Pal. Bocks, 1850, p. 276.— BillingB, Pal. 

Foa., Geol. Surv. Canada, 2, pt. 1, 1874, p. 132, pi. 8, fig. 13, 13a. 
fiilqrian: England; Ariaaig, Nova Scotia. 

OwTBOSOTA ooKTRAOLk Hall. See Ortliodesma contractmn. 

Orthonota cubta Hall. See Orthodesma curium and Cuneamya alveata. 

Orthonota Incerta Billings. 

Orthonota incerta Billings, Pal. Foes., Geol. Surv. Canada, 2, pt. 1, 1374, p. 120, 

pi. 8, fig. 2. 
Silnrian: Aiisaig, Nova Scotia. 

OsiHONOTA PABALLBLA. Hall. See Cymatonota parallela. 
Obthokota fholadis Hall. See Cymatonota pholadis. 

Orthonota stmnlans Billings. 

OrUionotasimulans Bluings, Pal. FoaB.,Geol. Surv. Canada, 2, pt. 1, 1874, p. 131, 

pi. 8, f^, 4. 
Silurian: Aiisaig, Nova Scotia. 

Orthonota spedosa Billings. 

Orthonota? spedoea Billings, Pal. Foes., Geol. Surv. Canada, 2, pt. 1, 1874, p. 130, 

pi. 8, fig. 3. 
Silurian: Arisaig, Nova Scotia. 

Obthokota tbiangulata Salter. See Grammysia triangulata. 

Orthonota Tennsta Billings. 

Orthonota venusta Billings, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 2, pt. 1, 1874, p. 129, 

pi. 8, fig. 1. 
Silurian: Arisaig, Nova Scotia. 

OBTHONOTELLA MiUer. Genotype: 0. faberi Miller. 

Orthonotella Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 117; N. A. Geol. 
Pal., 1889, p. 498. 

OrthonoteDa faberi Miller. 

Orthonotella faberi Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 117, pi. 5, 

figs. 7, 7a, 7b; N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 498, fig. 876. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Observation. — Probably not a pelecyjxKi, possibly a crustacean. 

OBTH ONYCHIA Hall. Genotype: Platyceras subrectiun Hall. 

Orthonychia Hall, Nat. Hist. New York, 4, 1843, p. 172, fig. 3; p. 173; tab. ill. 
36, fig. 3.— Owen, Amer. Jour. Sd. Arts, 2d ser., 1, 1846, p. 67, fig. 3.— Hall, 
12th Bep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., p. 18; Pal. New York, 3, 1859, 
p. 330; 15th Bep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1861, p. 30.— Meek and 
Worthen, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Philadelphia, 1866, p. 263; Geol. Surv. 
lOhudB, 3, 1868, pp. 385, 387.— HaU, Pal. New York, 5, pt. 2, p. 2.— Zittel, 
Handb. Pal., 2, 1882, p. 217.— Eoken, Neues Jahrb. f. Min., Geol. and Pal., 
6, Beilage-Band, 1889, p. 466.— Whidbome, Mon. Dev. Fauna South England, 
, Pal. Soc., 1891, p. 222.— Keyes, Amer. Geol., 10, 1892, p. 275; Missouri 
Geol. Surv. , 5, 1894, p. 187.— Koken, Die Ldtfosailien, Ldpdg, 1896, p. 133.— 
Pilsbry, Zittel-Eastman Teztb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 460.— Dall, ibid., 2d ed., 
1913, p. 54. 

84243'— BnlL 02— vol 2—16 ^14 . 



924 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Orthonyohla obtusa Whiteavee. 

Orthonychia obtusa Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Ann. Rep., n. s., 14, App. F, 

1904, p. 51; Pal. Fobs., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 260, pi. 29, figs. 5, 5a. 
Niagaran: Ekwan River, Canada. 

OBTHOBHTNCHULA Hall and Clarke. Genotype: OrthiB(7) linneyi Jamea. 

OrUxorhyncbula Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1893, p. 181; 13th 

Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1895, p. 824.— Schuchert, Boll. U. S. Ged. 

Surv., 87, 1897, p. 83.— WilliamB, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 165, 1900, p. 59.— 

Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 396. 

Orthorhynchula linneyt (James). 

Orthis? linneyi James, Paleontologist, 5, 1881, p. 41. — ^Nettelroth, Kentucky Foss. 

Shells, Mem. Kentucky Geol. Surv., 1889, p. 41, pi. 34, figs. 7-18. 
Orthorhynchula linneyi Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1893, p. 181, 

pi. 56, figs. 10-13, 19.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, 

p. 281, figs. 342d-e.— Bassler, Virginia Geol. Surv., Bull. 2a, 1909, pi. 14, figs. 

10-12.— Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1910, p. 24, pi. 3, fig. 10; 

BuU. 17, 1912, p. 132, pi. 11, fig. 5. 
Trenton: Boyle County, etc., Kentucky (Perryville-Cynthiana); Tennessee 

(Catheys). 
Maysville: Ohio, Kentucky (Fairmount); Tennessee (Leipers); Virginia; etc. 
Pledotypea.—Oski. No. 51186, U.S.N.M. 

Orthostoica Conrad. See Eccyliomphalus subgenus Orthostoma. 

ORTHOSTBOPHIA Hall. Genotype: Orthis strophomenoides Hall. 

Orthostrophia Hall, 2d Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1883, pi. 36, figs. 32- 
34.— Hall and Garke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 199, 223, 253; 11th 
Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1894, p. 267.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. 
Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 256.— Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, 
p. 382. 

Shizonema (subgenus of Hebertella) Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 
1909, p. 77. 

Shizoramma (Schizonema preoccupied) Foerste, ibid., 17, 1912, p. 139. (Geno- 
type: S. fissistriata Foerste). 

Orthostrophia dlzonl Foerste. 

Orthostrophia dixoni Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 74, pi. 

4, fig. 65. 
Niagaran (Brownsport): Glade southwest of Dixon Spring, Tennessee. 

! 

Orthostrophia (Schixoramma) fasctata (Hall). 

Orthis fasciata Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 255, pi. 52, fig. 8. 
Orthostrophia? fasciata Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 200, 

223.— Grabau, Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 187, fig. 96.— Grabau 

and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 256, fig. 307. 
Hebertella (Schizonema) fasciata Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Deniaon Univ., 14, 

1909, p. 77, pi. 4, fig. 71. 
Clinton: Rochester and Lockport, New York (Rochester); New Marion, Indiana 

(Osgood). 

Orthostrophia (Schlcoramma) flsstplica (Roemer). 

Orthis fissiplica Roemer, Die silurische Fauna West. Tennessee, 1860, p. 64, pi. 5, 

fig. 5; Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sd., 1, 1874, p. 252. 
DalmaneUa fissiplica Foerste, Jour. Geol., 11, 1903, p. 711. 



BIBUOGBAPHIC LIST OF OBNEBA AND SPECIES. 925 

OrthostrophU (Schlsoramma) Ils8iplle«— Continued. 

Hebertella (Schizonema) fifldplica Foerste, Bull. ScL Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 

1909, p. 79, pi. 3, fig. 64. 
Niagaran (Brownsport): Dixon Spring, Clifton, Bath Springs, Wells Creek Basin, 

etc., Tennessee. 

Orthootrophla (Schlsoranuna) llssistriata (Foerste). 

Hebertella (Schizonema) fissistriata Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 

1909, p. 76, pi. 3, figs. 45A, B. 
Clinton (Oqgood): New Marion, Indiana. 

Orthostrophlft nawsomensis Foerste. 

Orthostrophia newscMnensis Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 

73, pi. 4, fig. 64. 
Niagaras (Waldron): Newsom, Tennessee. 

Orthostrophia (Sehlioramma) ntsts (Hall and Whitfield). 

Orthis nisis Hall and Whitfield, 24th Rep. Now York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1872, 

p. 181; 27th Rep. ibid., 1875, pi. 9, fig. 4-8.— Netteboth, Kentucky Fossil 

Shells, Mem. Kentucky Geol. Surv., 1889, p. 42, pi. 27, figs. 4, 5.— Hall and 

Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 217. 
Hebertella (Schizonema) nisis Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, 

p. 78. 
Niagaran (Louisville): Beaigrass Oeek, Louisville, Kentucky. 
Pfctio^pe.— Cat. No. 51347, U.S.N.M. 

Qbthothbtss of authors. See Schuchertella Girty. 

OsTHOTHBTKS HYDBAnucus Grabau. See Schuchertella interstriata. 

emTHOTROPLi Hall and Clarke. Genotype: O. dolomitica Hall and Clarke. 

Orthotropla Hall and Clarke, Pal. New Ycnrk, 8, pt. 2, 1895, explanation sheet 
to pi. 84, figs. 3-7; 13th Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1895, p. 943.— 
Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Teztb. Pal., 1913, p. 395. 

Orthotropla dolomitica Hall and Clarke. • 

Orthotropla dolomitica Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1895, pi. 84, 
figs. 3-7; 48th Rep. New York State Mus., 2, for 1895, 1897, p. 343, pi. 6, 
figs. 4-8; 14th Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 343, pi. 6, figs. 
4-8. 
Niagaran (Racine?): Near Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

ORTONBLLA Ulrich. Genotype: Cypricardites hainesi Miller. 

Cypricardites (part) Miller (not Conrad), Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 

147; N. A. Cfeol. Pal., 1889, p. 476. 
Ortonella Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 669.-<;umings, 32d Ann. Rep. 

Dep. (jeol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 983. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 

Fossils 1, 1909, p. 412. 

Ortonellm hmlnesi (Miller). 

Cypricardites hainesi Miller, Cincinnati Quar. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 147, figs. 12, 

13, p. 218; N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 476, figs. 814, 815.— Miller and Faber, 

Jour. (Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 17, 1894, p. 29. 
Ortondla hainesi Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 670, pi. 53, figs. 9-18.— 

Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Qeol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 1017, pi. 47, 

figs. 9-9d.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 412, ^g, 534. 
Richmond (Whitewater): Richmond, Indiana. 
P&rio^ypei.— Cat. No. 46277, U.S.N.M. 



926 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Ortonia Nicholson. See Cornulites Schlotheim. 
Orusia Walcott. See Eoorthis subgenuB Onisia. 

ORTGOCERAS Ruedemann. Genotype: Orthoceras comuoryx Whitfield. 

Orygoceras Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 90, 1906, p. 449. — Grabau 
and Shimer, N. A. Index Foflsils, 2, 1910, p. 62. 

Orygoceras cornuoryx (Whitfield). 

Orthocerafl comu-oryx Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist, 1, 1886, p. 320, 

pi. 27, figs. 1, 2, 6.— Seely, Vermont State (Jeol. Rep., 7, 1910, pi. 66, fig. 3. 
Orygoceras comu-oryx Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 90, 1906, p. 

450, pi. 14, figs. 5-8, figs. 19-20.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 

2, 1910, p. 63, fig. 1268. 
Canadian (Beekmantown) : Fort Cassin, Vennont; Valcour, New York. 

OTTAWACRINUS W. R. BUlings. Genotype: O. typus W. R. Billings. 

Ottawacrinus W. R. Billings, Ottawa Nat., 1, 1887, p. 49.--Miller, N. A. Geol. 
Pal., 1889, p. 265.— Bather, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 6th ser., 6, 1890, p. 332, pi. 
14, ^, 12.— Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 
1890, pp. 378, 380. — ^Bather, Treatise on Zool., pt. 3, Echinoderma, London, 
1900, p. 178, fig. 96.— Springer, Mem. Geol. Surv. Canada, 15 P, 1911, p. 39.— 
Bather, Bull. Victwia Mem. Mus., 1, 1913, pp. 1-10— Springer, Zittel- 
Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 215. 

Ottawacrinus billingsl Springer. 

Ottawacrinus billingsi Springer, Mem. Geol. Surv. Canada, 15P, 1911, p. 40, 

pi. 4, figs. 1-3. 
Trenton (Ciuxisville): Kirkfield, Ontario. 

Ottawacrinus typus W. R. Billings. 

Ottawacrinus typus W. R. Billings, Ottawa Nat., 1, 1887, p. 49.— Millsr, N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 265, ^, 378.— Springer, Mem. Geol. Surv. Canada, 15P, 
1911, p. 37, pi. 4, figs. 5-7.— Bather, Bull. Victoria Mem. Bull. 1, 1913, p. 
2, pi. 1. 

Trenton (Curdsville): Hull, Quebec; Kirkfield, Ontario. 

OxoPLECiA Wilson. See Triplecia subgenus Cliftonia Foerste. 

OXTDISCUS Koken. Genotype: Oxydiscus imitator Eoken. 

Bellerophon, Cyrtolites, Porcellia, and Euomphalus (part) of authors. 
Oxydiscus Koken, Neues Jahrb. Min., Geol. Pal., Beilageband, 6, 1889, p. 390; 

ibid., 1898, p. 8; Die L^tfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 100.— Ulrich and Sco- 

field, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, pp. 852-912.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. 

Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, p. 951. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 

Fossils, 1, p. 616. 

Oxydiscus acutiis (?Sowerby) Billings. 

Bellerophon acutus Sowerby, Murchison's Sil. Syst., 1839, p. 643. — Billings, 

Cat. Sil. Fossils Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 18, 56. 
Oxydiscus acutus Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 852 

(gen. ref.). • 

(jamachian (Ellis Bay): Gamache Bay, Anticosti. 

Oxydiscus argo (Billings). 

Bellerophon Argo Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 167, figs. 12, 13; Ged. 
Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 146, Bg. 99a, b. 



BIBLIOORAPHIO LIST OP GBNEBA AND SPECIES. 927 

Oxjdlseus argo — Contmued. 

Oxydlscus aigo Ulrich and Scofidd, Geol. Minneeota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 913. 
Black River: Pauquettee Rapids, Ottawa River (Leray), and I^e St. John, 
Canada. 

Oxydlseus eatlUoldes (Raymond). 

Bucania catilloides Raymond, Ann. Cranegie Mus., 3, 1906, p. 576. 
OxydiBcus catilloides Raymond, ibid., 4, 1908, p. 197, pi. 65, figs. 9, 10. 
Chazyan (Crown Point): Valcour Island, New York. 

Oxydlseus ciistatus (Safford). 

Cyrtolitee cristatus Safford, (Jeol. Tennessee, 1869, p. 289. 

Oxydiscus cristatus Ulricli and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 914, 

pi. 82, figs. 26-28.--Hayes and Ulrich, U. S. Geol. Surv., folio 95, illust. sheet, 

1903, fig. 27. 
Trenton (Catheys): Nashville, etc., Tennessee. 
Co<yp«.— Oat. Noe. 45949-45951, U.S.N.M. 

Ozjdlscns dlscolus (Billings). 

Bellerophon disculus Billings, Canadian Nat. and (leol., 5, 1860, p. 168, fig. 11; 

Gecl. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 146, fig. 98. 
Oxydiscus disculus Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 852 

(gen. ref.). 
Black River: Blue Point, Lake St. John, Canada. 

Oiydlseus macer (Billings). 

Bellerophon macer Billings, Pal. Foes., 1, Geol. Surv., Canada, 1865, p. 347, text 

fig. 335. 
Oxydiscus macer Ulrich and Scofield, Greol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 913 (gen. 

ref.). 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Leeds and Grenville Counties, Canada. 

Oiydlseus magnus (Miller). ^ 

Cyrtolites magnus Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1878, p. 103, pi. 3, 

fig. 10. 
Oxydiscus magnus Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 859 

(gen. ref.). — Cumiiigs, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 

970, pi. 41, fig. 6. 
Richmond: Near Richmond, Indiana. 

Oxydlaeufl palinurus (Billings). 

Bellerophon Palinurus Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 311, 

fig. 302.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 397, fig. 654. 
Oxydiscus palinurus Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 1897, p. 913 (gen. ref.). 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Stanbridge, Quebec. 

OxTDiBCUs Strongi Kokou. See Sinuopea strongi. 

Oxydlaeus subaeutus Ulrich. 

Oxydiscus subaeutus Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 913, pi. 62, figs. 
62-65; pi. 82, figs. 23-25.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal. 3, 1903, p. 
179, pi. 12, figs. 8, 9.— Grabauand Shimer, N. A. Index Foedls, 1, 1909, p. 616, 
fig. 826. 

Cyrtolites subaeutus Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 766 (gen. ref.). 

Trenton: Near Danville, Kentucky (Flanagan); Minnesota (Prosser); near Spring- 
dale, New Jersey. 

Cot!fpe9.-A}fit. No. 45952, U.S.N.M. 



928 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PACHY1>ICTYA Ulricli. Genotype: P. robusto Ulrich. 

Pachydictya Ulrich, Jour. Oincinnati Soc. Nat. Hirt., 5, 1882, p. 152.— Foerete, 
BuU. Sci. Lab. Denieon Univ., 2, 1887, p. 162.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, 
p. 313.— Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, pp. 390, 622; Geol. Minnesota, 3, 
1893, p. 145.— Pocta, Syst. Sil. Centre Boheme, 8, pt. 1, 1894, p. 15.— Simp- 
son, 14th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 530.— Nicklesand 
Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 48.— Hennig, Archiv. fur Zool., 
K. Sven. Vet.-Akad. Stockhohn, 2, No. 10, 1905, p. 25.— Bassler, Bull. U. S. 
Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 57.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 
1907, p. 159.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, 
p. 751.— Bassler, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 77, 1911, pp. 137, 138. 

Pachydictya acuta (Hall). 

Stictopora? acuta Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 74, pi. 26, figs. 3a-b.— Billings, 
Canadian Nat. Geol., 1, 1856, p. 317.^Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, 
Rep. P 4, 1890, p. 1063, figs.- Uhrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, 
p. 168, pi. 8, figs. 1-lb. 

Ptilodictya acuta Nicholson, Pal. Province Ontario, 1875, p. 12, fig. 3. — ^Billings, 
Canadian Nat. Geol., 1, 1856, p. 318, fig. 5; Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 
1863, p. 158, fig. 121.— Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, pi. 7, figs. 3a-c; 

Pachydictya acuta Ulrich, 14th Ann. Rep. Geol. Minnesota, 1886, pp. 75, 76; 
Contr. Micro-Pal. Cambro-Sil., pt. 2, 1889, p. 44, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, 
p. 155, pi. 8, figs. 11-17; pi. 9, fig. 7. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 
Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 159.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., 3, 1897, p. 161. 

Trenton: Trenton Falls, etc.. New Yi)rk; Ontario; Kentucky; Iowa; Minnesota. 

Manitoba; etc. 
Plmotypes. —Cait. Nos. 43721, 44099, U.S.N.M. (Ulrich). 

Pachydictya alcyonb Billings. See Pachydictya crassa. 

Pachydictya arouta Ulrich. See Pachydictya crassa. 

Paehydlctya btlUreata (Hall). 

Eschara bifurcata Van Cleve (MS.). 

StictopoiabifurcataHall, 12th Ann. Rep. Indiana Creol. Nat. Hist., 1883, p. 267, 
pi. 13, figs. 3, 4.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1890, p. 1063, 

fig. 
Pachydictya bifurcata Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 2, 1887, p. 163; 

ibid., 3, 1888, pi. 15, fig. 9; Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 599, pi. 28, fig. 9.— 

Bassler, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 77, 1911, pp. 143-145, figs. 67, 68. 

Stictopora scalpellum Eichwald (not Lonsdale), Leth^ea Rossica, 1, 1860, p. 390, 
pi. 24, fig. 15a-c. 

Rhinidictya? Borkholmiensis Wiman, Bull. Geol. Inst. Univ. Upsala, 5, pt. 2, 
1901, p. 180, pi. 6, figs. 1-7. 

Silurian: Dayton, Fairhaven, etc., Ohio; Kentucky (Brassfield); various locali- 
ties in Esthonia, Russia (Lyckholm and Borkholm). 

Plesiotype8,-Ofit, No. 57240, U.S.N.M. (Bassler). 

Pachydictya biftircata instabllls Foerste. 

Pftchydictya bifurcata var. instabilis Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 2, 

1887, p. 164; ibid., 3, 1888, pi. 15, fig. 10; Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 599, 

pi. 28, fig. 10. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Near New Carlisle, Ohio. 

Pachydictya concilathix Ulrich. See Trigonodictya conciliatrix. 



BIBUOQBAPHIC LIST OF OEKEBA AKD SPECIES. 929 

Fiehydietyft crsssft Hall. 

Stictopora cnasa Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 45, pi. 18, figs. 4a-c. 
Ptilodictya craasa Nicholson and Hinde, Canadian Jour., n. s., 14, 1874, p. 142; 

Pid. Prov. Ontario, 1875, p. 45. 
Fiachydictya aasBa Ulrich, (leol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 147. — ^Nickles and Baasler, 

Bull. XT. 8. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 338.— Baasler, ibid., 292, 1906, p. 57, pi. 

18, figs. 11, 12; pi. 21, figs. 14-16.— Giabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 

1, 1907, p. 160. 
PtOodictya rustica Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, 1866, p. 36. 
Plachydictya rustica Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 146 (gen. ref.). 
Ptilodictya aiguta Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, 1866, p. 36. 
Pachydictya aiguta Ulrich, (jeol Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 146 (gen. ref.). 
Stictopora scitula Hall and Simpson, Pal. New York, 6, 1887, pi. 61, %i. 24, 25. 
Pachydictya scitula Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 147 (gen. ref.). 
Ptilodictya farctus Foerste, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 24, 1889, p. 328, pi. 6, 

fig. 31. 
Fachydictya farctus Foerste, GeoL, Surv. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 599, pi. 31, ^. 31. 
Ptilodictya alcyone Billings, C'at. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, 1866, p. 36. 
Pach3rdictya alcyone Ulrich, Qeol, Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 146 (gen. ref.). 
Ptilodictya tenera Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, 1866, p. 33. 
Ptilodic^ rudis Foerste, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 24, 1889, p. 329, pi. 6, 

fig. 33. 
Pachydictya (Rhinidictya) rudifl Foerate, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 599, pi. 

31, figs. 32, 33. 
Early and Middle Silurian: An abundant and widespread species in New York, 

Canada, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, etc. 
PIokX^.— Oat. No. 35754, U.S.N Jf. 

Fa«hydletyft elegsiis Ulrich. 

Pachydictya elegans Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 154, pi. 8, figs. 18, 19; 

pi. 9, figs. 8, 9.— Baasler, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 77, 1911, pp. 138, 139, figs. 

61,62. 
Trenton (Prosser): St. Paul, etc., Minnesota; Decorah, Iowa. 
Middle Ordovidan (Wesenberg): Wesenberg, Esthonia, Russia. 
Cotypes and pUtiotypes. --Csit. Nos. 43583, 57234, U.S.N.M. 

Pachydictya cmactatft Foerste. 

Pachydictya emadata Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denlson Univ., 2, 1887, p. 62; 

ibid, 3, 1888, pi. 15, fig. 8; Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 599, pi. 28, fig. 8. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Dayton, Ohio. 

Pachtdictta xmabcescbns Foerste. See Ptilodictya expansa mnarcescens. 

Fachydictya eyeiettl Ulrich. 

Pachydictya everetti Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 523, pi. 33, figs. 1-lf . 
Black River (Platteville): Dixon, Illinois. 
J7o2o^pe.— Cat. No. 43429, U.S.N Jl. 

Faehydlctyaf famelica (Foerste). 

Ptilodictya famelicus Foerste, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 24, 1889, p. 329, pi. 

6, Gg. 32. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Eaton and Bel&st, Ohio. 

PA CH T mc T YA FABCTUS Focrstc. See Pachydictya crassa. 



930 BULLETIN 92^ UNITED 8TATE8 NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Paohydietya fenestelUformlB (Nidiolson). 

Ptilodictya fenestellifonnis Nicholson, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hifit., 4th eer., 15, 1875, 

p. 181, pi. 14, figs. 5-5b; Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 263, pi. 26, figs. 8-8b; Pal. 

Prov. Ontario, 1876, p. 14.— Lesley, Geol. Snrv. Pennsylvania, Keport 

P 4, 1889, p. 827, figs. 
Phficnopora? fenestellifonnis Uliich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, pi. 

8, fig. 8. 
Pachydictya fenestellifonnis Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 256. 
Richmond: Blanchester and other localities in Ohio; Wilmington, Illinois; 

?Peterborough, Canada (Nicholson). 

Paehydictya fenestelUforinls cortleiila Ulridi. 

Pachydictya fenestelUformis var. corticula Ulrich, Geol. Sunr. HUboIb, 8, 1890, p. 

526, pi. 31, fig. 1. 
Richmond (Femvale): Wilmington, minois. 

Paehydlctya flmbriata Ulrich. 

Pachydictya fimbriata Ulrich, 14th Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Sunr. Minnesota, 
1886, p. 75; Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 152, pi. 8, figs. 28-34; pi. 9, figs. 13, 
14.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 159, ^. 214. 

Black River (Decorah): Minneapolis and St. Paul, ^ilinnesota. 

Cotype8.'-CAt. No. 43581, U.S.N Jl. 

Pachydictya? flrma Uhidi. 

Pachydictya firma Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 526, pi. 31, figs. 2-2f . 
Richmond: Wilmington, Illinois (Femvale); Island of Anticosti (Charleton). 
Figured sections of co(^pe.— Cat. No. 43783, U.S.N.M. 

Pachydictya foliata Uhich. 

Pachydictya foliata Ulrich, 14th Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. MinnesoU, 1886, 
p. 73; Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 149, pi. 9, figs. 1-5; pi. 10, figs. &-10; ZittePs 
Textb. Pal. (Engl, ed.), 1896, ig. 470 (p. 283).— Sardeson, Jour. Geol., 9, 1901, 
p. 151, pi. B, figs. 1-3.— Bassler, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 346, 
fig. 506. 

Black River (Decorah): Minneapolis, St. Paul, Cannon Falls, etc., Minnesota. 

Co(ype».— Cat. No. 43684, U.S.N.M. 

Pachydictya glgantea Ulrich. 

Pachydictya gigantea Ulrich, (}eol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 624, pi. 31, figs. 3-6e. 
Richmond (Femvale): Wilmington, Illinois. 
Figured sections of cotype, — Cat. No. 43784, U.S.N.M. 

Pachydictya hexagonatls Ulrich. 

Pachydictya hexagonalis Ulrich, Contr. Micro-Pal. Cambro-Sil., pt. 2, 1889, p. 42, 

pi. 9, figs. 2-2c.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., 3, 1896, p. 118. 
Richmond: Stony Mountain, Manitoba (Stony Mountain); Island of Anticosti 

(Charleton). 
Fragment of holotype,—Oskt, No. 43473, U.S.N.M. 

Pachydictya magnlpora Uhich. 

Pachydictya magnipora Ulrich, Contr. Micro-Pal. Cambro-Sil., pt. 2, 1889, p. 43. — 

Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, 1897, p. 161. 
Trenton: St. Andrews, Manitoba; Kenyon, Minnesota (Prosser). 

Pachydictya obesa Foerste. 

Pachydictya obesa Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 2, 1887, p. 165; ibid., 

3, 1888, pi. 16, ^, 12; Geol. Surv. Ohio* 7, 1895, p. 599, pi. 28, fig. 12. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Dayton, Ohio. 



BIBUOQRAPHIO UBT OF OBNBBA AND BPEOIES. 931 

Faeliydietyft occldentmlls Ulrich. 

Pachydictya occidentaliB Ulrich, 14th Ann. Rep. Greol. Nat. Hist. Stirv. Minne- 
sota, 1886, p. 75; Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 151, pi. 8, figs. 20-27; pi. 9, 
figi. 6-10. 
Black BiYet (Decorah): St. Paul and Goodhue County, Minnesota. 
Cbtypes.— Oat. No. 43582, U.S.N.M. 

Paehjrdletja pmnlla Ulrich. 

P^M^ydictya pumila Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 12, 1890, p. 186, 

fig. 11; Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 157, pi. 10, figs. 1-4; pi. 8, figs. 4, 5. 
Rhinidictya humiHs Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 12, 1890, p. 185, 

fig. 10. 
Trenton: Cannon Fdls, Minnesota (Prosser); Trenton Falls, New York. 
Oo^fpet.— Cat. No. 43702, U.S.N.M. 

Paelijdletyft pmnlla snblata Ulridi. 

RKhydictya pumila var. sublata Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 158. 
Trenton (Proeser): Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 
Cbtypet.— <7at. No. 43585, U.S.N.M. 

Paehjdletyft robusta Ulrich. 

Fkchydictya robusta Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 173, 

pi. 8, figs. lOa-c. 
CSiazyan (Ottosee): KnoxviUe, Tennessee. 
Coupes.— Cat. No. 43701, U.S.N.M. 

Pacbtdictta (Rhdodictta) rudis Foerste. See Pachydictya czassa. 

Packtixictta BUflncA Ulrich. See Pachydictya ciassa. 

Pachtdictya 8CITUL4. Ulrich. See Pachydictya crassa. 

Faehydtetyaf splendens Ulrich. 

F^tdiydictjra splendens Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 528, pi. 31, fig, 

2g; pi. 32, figs. 1-lb. 
Richmond (Femvale): Wilmington, lUinois. 
Figured section of cotype, — Cat. No. 43785, U.S.N Jl. 

Faehydletya triserlalls Ulrich. 

I^ftchydictya triserialis Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati So(. Nat. Hist., 12, 1890, p. 187, 

fig. 12; Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 159, pi. 10, figs. 11-14. 
Trenton: Montreal, Quebec. 
Cotypes.—CBt, No. 43703, U.S.N.M. 

Faehydletya turglda Foerste. 

T^M:hydictya turgida Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 2, 1887, p. 164; 
ibid., 3, 1888, pi. 15, fig. 11; Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 599, pi. 28, fig. 11. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Dayton and Fair Haven, Ohio. 

FACHTDOMELLA Uhich. Genotype: P. tumida Uhich. 

Pachydomella Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 13, 1891, pp. 197, 198.— 
Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1st App., 1892, p. 710. 

FaehydomeUa longula Ulrich and Bassler. 

r^K:hydomellalongula Ulrich and Bassler, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, 

p. 542, pi. 98, figs. 29-31. 
Held^bergian (Eeyser): Cumberland, Maryland. 
Hohtype.—CtLt. No. 53289, U.S.N.M, 



932 BULLETIN »2, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PACHTOCRINUS Billings. Genotype: P. craasibaflaliB BillingB. 

Pachyocrinus Billings, Geol. Snrv. Canada, dec. 4, 1859, p. 22. — ^Wachsmutli and 

Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1879, p. 819 (Rev. Pal., pt. 1, 

p. 145).— ^BiOller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 265.— Bather, Trefttise on Zoo!., 

pt. 3, Echinoderma, London, 1900, p. 208. 

Paehyocrlnus erassibasalis Billings. 

Pachyocrinus craasibafialis Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 4, 1860, p. 22, pi. 1. 

figs. 3a, b.— Hudson, Bull. New York State Mus., 107, 1907, p. 120, fig. 4, pi. 
Chazyan (Aylmer): Caughnawaga, and Islands of Montreal, Jesus, and Bizard, 

Canada. 

Pachtpora (Plattazum) Foerete. See Platyaxum. 

Pachystroha Nicholson and Murie. See Stromatopora Goldfuss. 

PAGODIA WalcoU. Genotype: P. lotos Walcott. 

Pagodia Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 29, 1905, p. 63; Oambrian Faunas of 
China, 3, Carnegie Inst., 1913, p. 160. 

Pagodia seelyl Walcott. 

Pagodia seelyi Walcott, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 57, 1912, p. 269, pi. 44, figs. 12-14a. 
Ozarkian or Upper Cambrian (Potsdam): Near Port Henry, Essex County, New 

York. 
Co^pe*.— C^t. Nos. 58582-58584, U.S.N.M. 

PAUEACMJEA Hall and Whitfield. Genotype: P. typica Hall and Whitfield. 

Palaeacmflea Hall and Whitfield, 23d Rep. New York Mus. Nat. Hist., 1873, p. 242 
(extract, 1872, p. 21).— Lindstrom, Kongl. Sven. Vet. Akad. Haiidl., 19, No. 
6, 1881, p. 58.— Barrois, Mem. Soc. Geol. du Nord., 3, Lille, 1889, p. 184; Mem. 
Soc. Agriculture et Arts de Lille, 4th ser., 17, p. 184. — ^Miller, N. A. Geol. 
Pal., 1889, p. 414.— Barrois, Ann. Soc. Geol. du Nord, 19, Lille, 1891, p. 213.— 
EJoken, Die Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 96.— Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. 
Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, pp. 826-836.— Berkey, Amer. Geol., 11, p. 278.— 
Eoken, Bull, de TAcad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbuig, 7, 1897, p. 113. — Grabau 
and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 606. 

PalSBaemiBa humllls Ulrich and Scofield. 

Palfieacmsea humilis Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 837, 
pi. 61, figs. 45-48.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 607, 
fig. 809ar-b. 

Black River: Minneapolis (PlatteviUe) and Goodhue County (Decorah), Minne- 
sota. 

PalSBaemiBa Irregularis Raymond. 

Palseacmaea irregularis Raymond, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 20, 1905, p. 376; 

Ann. Cam^e Mus., 4, 1908, p. 174, pi. 54, figs. 10-12. 
Chazyan (Day Point): Chazy, New York. 

PalieaemiBa orphyne (Billings). 

Metoptoma Oiphyne Billings, Pal. Fossils, 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 88 

(adv. sheets, 1862). 
Pakeacmflea oiphyne Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 836 

(gen. ref.). 
Ozarkian? (Levis— erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

PalSBaemiBa quebecensts (Billings). 

Metoptoma Quebecensis Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 308, 
fig. 800. 



BIBUOGBAFHIG U8T OF QSNERA AKD SPECIES. 933 

FabMiem»a qaebeeensls— Continued. 

Palieacnisea Quebeceneis Whiteavee, Pal. Foes., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 1, 
1884, p. 31 (gen. re!.).— Orabau and Shimer, N. A. Index FoesUs, 1, 1909, 
p. 607, fig. 808. 
Oanadlaii (Levis— Limestone): Point Levis, Quebec. 



typiea Hall and Whitfield. 
Falseacmsea typiea Hall and Whitfield, 23d Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 

1873, pi. 11, figs. 4, 6.— Walcott, Smiths. Misc. CoU., 57, 1912, p. 264, pi. 43, 

figs. 1 and 2. 
Uiq;Mr Cambrian or Ozarkian (Hoyt): Essex and Washington Coimties, New York. 

Palsabca Hall. See Cyrtodonta Billings. 

Paubabca? amtodalina Hall. See Ambonychia amygdalina. 

Paubabca iata Hall. See Modiolopsis latus. 

Paubabca frdciqenius Hall. See Modiolopsis primigenia. 

Paubabca subspatulata Hall. See Prolobella subspatulata. 

Paubabca VEMTBicoaA Hall. See Cyrtodonta huronensis. 

FAUBASPIS Clajrpole. Genotype: P. americana Claypole. 

Pabeaspis Claypole, Amer. Nat., 18, 1884, p. 1224; Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 
33d meeting, Philadelphia, 1884, p. 426; Rep. British Assoc. Adv. Sci., 
54th meeting, Montreal, 1884, pp. 733-734; Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. ^London, 
61, 1885, pp. 50, 62; ibid., 48, 1892, pp. 542.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, 
p. 604.— Woodward, Cat. Fobs. Fishes in British Mus., pt. 3, 1891, p. 169.— 
Lesley, Rep. Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, 2, 1892, p. 775. — Collinge, Proc. 
Birmingham Philoe. Soc., 9, pt. 1, p. 3.— Traquair, Geol. Magazine, 4th s^., 
7, 1900, p. 467. 

FataBAspis mmerieanft Claypole.. 

Fakeaspis americana Claypole, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Pref. to Rep. F 2, 1885, 

p. 12; Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 1885, 41, p. 62.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. 

Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 575, fig. — Claypole, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. 

London, 1892, 48, p. 561, fig. 8. 
Fakeaspia bitruncata Clajrpole, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Pref. to Rep. F 2, 1885, 

p. 12; Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 1885, 41, p. 65. — Lesley, Geol. Surv. 

Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 575, fig. 
Balsaspia eUiptica Claypole, Froc. Ameor. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 1885, 33d meeting, 

Philadelphia, p. 462. 
Gayugan (New Bloomfield): Peny County, Pennsylvania. 

Palsaspis bitbungata Claypole. See Pkdseaspis americana. 

Pal-cabpis BLUPncA Claypole. See Pftlaeaspis americana. 

Paubabtbb (part) of authors. See Mesopolaeaster Schuchert, Hudsonaster StQrtz, 
Phmiopalseaster Schuchart, and Petraster Billings. 

PAUEASTBR Hall. Genotype: P. niagarensis Hall. 

Ptakeaster Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 247; 20th Rep. New York State Cab. 

Hist., 1868, p. 282; rev. ed., 1868 (1870), p. 324.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, 

p. 452.— Nicholson and Etheridge, Mon. Sil. Foss. Girvan Dist., 1880, p. 318.— 

Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. 88, 1915, p. 67. 



984 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PALJEASTB]|--Continued. 

Fftlseaster (part) Salter, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 2d 8er., 20, 1857, p. 323; Bep. 26th 
Meeting Britiah Aasoc. Adv. Scl., 1857, p. 76.~Pictot, Traite de Fd., 2d ed., 
4, 1857, p. 265.— Salter, Canadian Jour., n. 8., 3, 1858, p. 158.— StOrtz, Pala^ 
ontographica, 32, 1886, p. 91.— Miller, N. A. Ged. Pal., 1889, p. 265.— StOrts, 
Verh. naturh. Ver. preuss. Rheinl., etc., 1893, pp. 41, 58.— Jamee, Jour. Oh^ 
dnnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 18, 1895, pp. 126, 127.— Cumings, 82d Ann. Rep. Dep. 
Geol. Nat. Bee. Indiana, 1906, p. 714. 

Paljbabtbr antiqua Troost. See MeBopalseaflter antiquus. 

Palaastbr antiquata Hall. See Promopalsaster speciosua. 

Palaaster clarxana Miller. See Hudaonaster incomptua. 

Palaaster CLARKn Miller. See Hudsonaster incomptus. 

Palaaster DXTsros Miller and Dyer. See Me8opaIseaBter(?) dublua. 

Palaastbr dtxri Meek. See Promopalseaster dyeri. 

Palaastbr bxculptub Miller. See Promopalfeaster exculptua. 

Palaaster finei XJlrich. See Meeopalseaater finei. 

Palaaster QRANTn Spoucer. See Meeopalseaater grant!. 

PaiuBaster qranulosub Hall. See PromopaUeaater granuloeus. 

PALiBASTER QRANULOsus Mook. See Promopalseaster speciosus. 

Palsastsr harrisi Miller. See Urasterella grandis. 

Palaaster mooMPTUS Meek. See Hudsonaster incomptuB. 

PALiBASTER JAME8I Dana. See Petraster americana. 

Paljbaster lonqibraghiatus Miller. See Promopalseaater spinulosus. 

Palaaster MAQNIFICU8 Miller. See PtomopalaBaBter magnificus. 

Palaaster matutina Hall. See Hudsonaster matutina. 

PALiBASTER MiAMiBNsis Miller. See Anorthaster miamienais. 

FaliBaster niagarensis Hall. 

Palffiaster niagarensis Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 247, pi. 51, figs. 21-23.— 
Pictet, TraitedePal., 2ded., 4, 1857, p. 265, pi. 98, fig. 2.— Billings, Geol. Surv. 
Canada, dec. 3, 1858, p. 78, fig.— Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. 
Hist., 1868, p. 282; rev. ed., p. 324.— Quenstedt, Petrefactenkunde Deutsch- 
lands, 1, 4, 1876, p. 73, pi. 92, figs. 32, 33.— Hudson, Bull. New York State 
Mus. 164, 1913, p. 130, pis. 9, 10, 12, 13.-Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Nat Mus. 
88, 1915, p. 69, pi. 7, figs. 1-4. 

Clinton (Rochester): Lockport, New York; Grimsby, Ontario. 

Paljbaster paryiusculus Billings. See Mesopakeaster parviuseulus. 
Palaaster pulohellus Billings. See Urasterella pulchella. 
Palaaster soofperi Hall. See Mesopal^easter shasfferi. 
Palaaster 8X1CPLEZ Miller and Dyer. See Hudsonaster incomptus. 
Palsastbr 8PB0IO8A Mook. See Promopaladaster specioeua. 



BIBLIOORAPHIO LIST OF GENERA: AKD 8PE0IB8. 935 

Paueastkr bpinttlosus Miller and Dyer. See Promopakeaster spinulosus. 
PAiiSAflrrsR wnsBRANXTS Hall. See Meeopalseaster(7) wilberanus. 
VAURAsrrmR? wn^om Raymond. See Promopakeaster wilsoni. 
Paiwbastbbina antiquata Shumard. See Promopalaeaster specioens. 
Pax-sabtbiona APPRoxmATA Miller and Dyer. See Petraster apedosus. 
PAI.SA8TSRINA JAME8I Dana. See Petraater americanus. 
Palsastbbina Riorous Billings. See Petrfister rigidus. 

Palbastebina ruoosus Billings. See Hudsonaster rugoeus. 

PALOAerrBBiNA sPEdosA Miller and Dyer. See Petraster speciosus. 

Paljsasterina wtkoffi Miller and Gurley. See Promopalfieaster wykoffi. 

Paubobolus Matthew. See Obelus subgenus Pakeobolus. 

FALfOCABDIA Hall. Genotype: P. cordiformis Hall. 

FalsBOcardia Hall, 20th Bep. New York State Cab. Hist., 1868, p. 341 (Extras, 
1865); rev. ed., 1870, p. 389.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 498. 

FitooeardU cordifonnis Hall. 

Pdieocardia cordiformis Hall, 20th Bep. New York State Cab. Hist., 1868, p. 341 

(Extras, 1865); rev. ed., 1870, p. 389, pi. 14, figs. 11, 12. 
Niagaran (Badne): Wauwatosa, Wisconsin. 

Pai«jkx:ronia ctathiformis Fromental. See Ischadites cyathiformis. 

Pai^socltmenia Foord. See Trocholites Conrad. 

Pal^ocoma ctmndrica Billings. See Tseniaster cylindricus. 

Paljbocoma 8PIN08A BiUuigs. See Taeniaster spinosus. 

Palaoconcha Miller. See Ctenodonta Salter. 

Palaooongha pabebi Miller and Faber. See Ctenodonta obliqua. 

FAUBOCRINUS Billings. Crenotype: P. striatus Billings. 

FalsBOcrinufl Billihgs, Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 4, 1859, p. 24.— Meek, Geol. Surv. 
Ohio, Pal., 1, 1873, p. 29, footnote.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 352.— 
Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 267.— Bather, Treatise on Zool., pt. 3, 
Echinoderma, London, 1900, p. 172, fig. 85.— Zittel, Gnindzuge Pal., 1, 1910, 
p. 152.— Springer, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 217. 

Fatooerlnas BiigiilfttiiB (Billings). 

Dendrocrinufl angulatus Billings, (jreol. Surv. Canada, 1857, p. 269. 

Cyalhocrinufl angulatus Wachsmuth and Springer, Flx>c. Acad. Nat. Sd. Phila- 
delphia, 1879, p. 308 (Bev. Pal., pt. 1, p. 85). 

Filseociinus angulatus Billings, Canadian Oreg. Bern. (Geol. Surv. Canada), dec. 
4, p. 45, pi. 3, fig. 6a, b.— Springer, Mem. Geol. Surv. Canada, 15P, 1911, p. 41 
(loc. occ). 

Trenton (CuidsviUe): Ottawa and Eirkfield, Gntazio. 

FfttaBoerlniiB ehapmanl (Billings). 

PalsBOcystitee chapman! Billings, (jreol. Surv. Canada, dec. 3, 1858, pp. 71, 72. 
Paleocriniis diapmani Hudson, Bull. New York State Mus., 149, 1911, p. 244, 

fig. 20. 
Chasyan (Aylmer): Lot 26, Front Concession of Clarence, Canada. 



936 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Palasocrlnus pulehellus Billings. 

Palffiociiiius pulehellus Billiug^, Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 4, 1859, p. 46. 
Cyathociinus pulehellus Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Set Phila- 
delphia, 1879, p. 810 (Rev. Pal., pt. 1, p. 87). 
Trenton (Curdsville): Ottawa, Ontario. 

PalflBoerlnus rhombifenis Billings. 

Palffiocrinus rhombifenis Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 4, 1859, p. 45. 
Cyathocrinus rhombiferous Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. 8ci. 

Philadelphia, 1879, p. 310 (Kev. Pal., pt. 1, p. 87). 
Trenton (Curdsville): Ottawa, Ontario. 

Palieoerlnas strlatus Billings. 

Palaeocrinus striatus Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 4, 1859, p. 25, pi. 1, figs. 
5a, 5b.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 267, figs. 383, 384.— Hudson, Bull. 
New York State Mus., 149, 1911, pi. 5-6, figs. 1-4; figs. 4-10, 12-19. 

Cyathocrinus striatus Wadismuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Philadel- 
phia, 1879, p. 310 (Rev. Pair, pt. 1, p. 87), (gen. ref.). 

Chazyan (Aylmer): Caughnawaga and Island of Montreal, Canada. 

Palaeocrinus sulcatus Safford. 

Palaeocrinus sulcatus Safford, Geol. Tennessee, 1869, p. 286. (Not defined.) 
Stones Biver (Pierce): Central Tennessee. 

PALJSOCTCLUS Edwards and Haime. Genotype: P. porpita (Lmnseus). 

Pakeocydus Edwards and Haime, Compt. Bend, de PAcad. Sci., 29, 1849, p. 70; 
Mon. Polyp. Fobs. Terr. Pal., 1851 (Arch, du Mufl. d'Hist. Nat., 5), p. 203.— 
Milne-Edwards, Hist. Nat. d. Corall., 3, 1860, p. 47.— Duncan, Phil. Trans. 
Boy. Soc. London, 157, 1867, p. 651, pi. 32, figs. 6a-«; Proc. Boy. 8oc. 
London, 1867, p. 460.— Dybowski, Ardiiv. f. Naturf. liv.-Ehst. und Kuri., 
5, 1873, pp. 334, 360.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 227.— Boemer, Leth. 
geog., pt. 1, Leth. Pal., 1883, p. 345.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 199.— 
Sherzer, Amer. Geol., 7, 1891, pp. 278-283.— Koken, Die Leitfossilien, 
Leipzig, 1896, p. 308.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1906, 
p. 64.— Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1913, p. 74. 

Pal»ocy<51us rotuloldes (Hall). 

Cydolites rotuloides Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 42 pi. 17, figs. 4a-e. 

Palaeocyclusrotuloides Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 199, fig. 203.— Grabau and 
Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1906, p. 65. 

Upper Clinton: Near Clinton, Oneida County, New York; Pennsylvania; Mary- 
land. 

Palaogtstis Haeckel. See Palseocystites Billings. 

Palseocystis pentolena Haeckel. Not recognized. 

Palaeocystis pentolena Haeckel, Amphorideen u. Cystoideen Leipzig, 1896, p. 69, 

pi. 1, figs. 5, 5b. 
** Lower Silurian: Canada." 

PALJEOCTSTITES Billings. Genotype: Actinoerinus tenuiiadiatus Hall 

Palaeocystites Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 3, 1858, p. 68.— Chapman, Expos. 
Min. (Jeol., 1864, p. 109.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 418.— Miller, N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 267.— Haeckel, Amphor. und Cystoid., 1896, p. 69.— 
Bather, Tiieatise on Zool., pt. 3, Echinoderma, London, 1900, p. 54.— Zittd- 
Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 184.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 
Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 462.— Springer, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, 
p. 152. 
Pakeocystls Haeckel, Amphorideen u. Cystoideen, Leipzig, 1896, p. 69. 



BIBUOOBAPHIO UST OF QENEBA AND SPECIES. 937 

Palsootshtes chapmaki Billings. See Pabeociinus chapmani. 

PilDo^stltes dftwsonl Billings. 

Palftocystites Dawsoni Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 3, 1858, p. 70. — Hudson, 

Bull. New York State Mus., 149, 1911, p. 247, figs. 21-34. 
Cliazyaa (Aylmer): Montreal, Quebec. 

Faleoejstltee pukher Billings. 

PaliBOcyBtites pulcher Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 430. 
Chaacyan (Mingan): Mingan Idands, Canada. 

Fal»oej8tites tenulradlatus (HaU). 

Actinocrinus tenuiiadiatus Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 18, pi. 4, figs. 8, 9. 
Fakeocjrstitee tenuiiadiatus Billings, Canadian Oig. Bern., Geol. Surv. Canada, 

dec. 3, 1858, p. 69, figs. 1-3; Amer. Jour. Sd. Arts, 2d ser., 48, 1869, p. 78; 

Canadian Nat., n. s., 4, 1869, p. 287; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 5, 1870, 

p. 260; P^. Fofls., Geol. Surv. Canada, 2, pt. 1, 1874, p. 99.— ^rabau and 

Shimer, N. A. Index Fosdls, 2, 1910, p. 462. 
CbBgyvki Chasy, etc., New York; Quebec. 

PALJBODICTTOTA Whitfield. Genotype: Inocaulis anastomotica Ringuebeig. 
Ptelsodictyota Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 16, 1902, p. 399.— Buede- 
mann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, p. 198. 

FataMMlietyota anastomotlea (Ringuebeig). 

Inocaulis anastomotica Ringuebeig, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Philadelphia, 39, 1888, 

pp. 131, 132, pi. 7, fig. 2. 
PkJseodictyota ramulosa Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat Hist., 16, 1902, p. 399, 

pi. 53, figs. 1, 2. 
PiJaeodictyota anastomotica Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 

1908, p. 200, pi. 6, fig, 4, figs. 102, 103. 
Niagazan: Lockport and Middleport, New York (Rochester); Hamilton, Ontario. 

Patoodletyota bella (Hall and Whitfield). 

Inocaulis bella Hall and Whitfield, Geol. Surv. Ohio Pal. 2, 1875, p. 122, pi. 6., 

fig. 2.— Spencer, Canadian Nat., 8, 1875, p. 458; 10, 1882, p. 65; Bull. Mus. 

Univ. State Missouri, 1, 1884, pp. 14, 35; Trims. Acad. Sd. St. Louis, 4, 

1884, pp. 564, 585.— Gurley, Jour. Geol., 4, 1896, pp. 99, 308. 
P^ilseodictyota bdla Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, 

p. 203, pi. 3, fig. 7; text figs. 10&-107. 
Niagaran: Yellow Springs, Ohio; Hamilton, Ontario (Rochester). 
Plem^pe.— Oat. No. 54279, n.S.N.M. 

FabDodletyota bella recta Ruedemann. 

Pftbeodictyota bella mut. recta Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, 

1908, p. 204, pi. 6, fig. 6; pi. 7, fig. 6. 
Upper Clinton: Clinton, New York. 

FabDodletyota ellntonensls Ruedemann. 

Palasodictyota clintonensis Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, 1908, 

pt. 2, p. 203, pi. 6, fig, 5; pi. 7, ^g, 5; pi. 8, fig. 3, text fig. 104. 
Upper CUnton: Clinton, New York. 

PAL2BODICTT0TA BAMULOSA Speucer. See Palseodictyota anastomotica. 

FALAOQLosflA Cockerell. See lingula subgenus PaUeoglossa. 



988 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PALJEOMANON Roemer. Genotype: Sii^onia craterft Roomer. 

Palfieomanon Roemer, Sil. Fauna West. TennesBee, Breslau, I860, p. 12; Cin- 
cinnati Quart. Jour. 8ci., 1, 1874, pp. 247, 248.— Zittel, Neuee Jahrb. lOn. 
Geol. Pal., 1877, p. 354; Ann. Ms^. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 20, 1877, p. 501; 
Abh. math.-phys. Glaase d. k. bay. Akad. d. Wise., 13, 1 Abth., 1878, p. 
45.— Roemer, Leth. geog., 1 Theil. Leth. Pal., Enste lief, 1880, p. 310.— 
Zittel, Neuee Jahrb. Min. Geol. Pal., 2, 1884, p. 75; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 
5th ser., 14, 1884, p. 271.— Miller, N. A. GeoL P^., 1889, p. 161; Zittel- 
Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 50; Zittel-Eastman TOztb. Pd., 2d ed., 
1913, p. 56. 
Astylomanon Rauff, Pakeontographica, 40, 1894, p. 813. 

PalsBomanon bursa (Hall). 

Astylospongia (Palaeomanon) bursa Hall, 28th Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. 
Hist., doc. ed., 1875, 1877, pis. 15, 16; mus. ed., 1879, p. 105, pi. 3, figs. 15, 16; 
11th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 234, pi. 1, fig. 4; pL 2, 
figs. 15, 16.— Rauff, Palaeontographica, 40, 1894, p. 309. 
- Niagaran (Waldzon): Waldron, Indiana. 

Fatoomanon cratera (Roemer). 

Siphonia cratera Roemer, Leonh. and Bronn. Jahr., 1848, p. 685. 

Pkdftomanon cratera Roemer, Sil. Fauna West. Tennessee, Breslau, 1860, p. 13, 
pi. 1, figs. 4, 4a; Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sd., 1, 1874, p. 192.— Zittel, Ann. 
Mag. Nat. Hist., 5th ser., 14, 1884, p. 272, fig. 2; Neues Jahrb. f. Min. GeoL 
Pal., 12, 1884, pi. 1, fig. 2.— Miller, N. A. GeoL Pal., 1889, p. 161, fig. 111. 

Astylomanon cratera Rauff, Palaeontographica, 40, 1894, p. 314, pi. 11, figs. 7-12; 
pi. 12, fig. 3. 

Astylomanon cratera prototypum Rauff, ibid., p. 317, figs. 64A, A; pi. 13, &g. 1. 

Astylomanon cratera aryballium Rauff, ibid., p. 317, figs. 64C-E, G, H; pi. 11, 
fig. 7. 

Astylomanon cratera balantiimi Rauff, ibid., p. 317, figs. 64B1, B2, 65; pi. 11, 
figs. 8, 9. 

Astylomanon cratera lecythiimi Rauff, ibid., p. 318, fig. 64F; pi. 11, figs. 10, 11. 

Astylomanon cratera promiscuum Rauff, ibid., p. 318, figs. 64J-L, M, N, P-R; 
66, pi. 13, fig. 2. 

Astylomanon cratera poterium Rauff, ibid., p. 319, fig. 640; pi. 12, fig. 3. 

Astylomanon cratera cantharium Rauff, ibid., p. 319, figs. 64S-W; pi. 13, figs. 3, 4. 

Astylomanon cratera cylix Rauff, ibid., p. 319, figs. X, Y, 67, 68; pi. 13, fig. 5. 

Astylomanon cratera patera Rauff, ibid., p. 320, fig. 64Z. 

Astylomanon (Palseomanon) cratera Foerste, Jour. Geol., 11, 1903, p. 713. 

Niagaran (Brownsport): Numerous localities in Perry, Decatur, and other coun- 
ties, west Tennessee. 

Palnomanon pleurlexcavatum (Rauff). 

' Astylomanon pleuriexcavatum Rauff, Palaeontographica, 40, 1894, p. 323, fig. 73; 

pi. 13, fig. 8. 
Niagaran (Brownsport): Decatur and Hardin Goimties, Tenneswe. 

PaliBomanon Terrucosum (Rauff). 

Astylomanon verrucosum Rauff, Pakeontographica, 40, 1894, p. 320, figs. 69, 70; 

pi. 13, figs. 6, 7.— Foerste, Jour. GeoL, 11, 1903, p. 714. 
Astylospongia prsemorsa (part) Roemer, Sil. Fauna Tennessee, 1860, p. 8, pi. l, 

fig. lb. 
Niagaran (Brownsport): Decatur and Hardin Counties, Tennessee. 



/ 



BIBUOORAPHIO UST OP GENBEA AND SPECIES. 939 

PibMinmnoii Termcoenun bulliferft (Rauff)- 

ABtyl(Miianon vemicosum Yar. buUifeia Eauff, Palaeontographica, 40, 1894, p. 

321, figs. 71, 72. 
Niagami (Brownsport): Decatur and Hardin Counties, Tennessee. 

PAX.aoHAimi.us Kemele. See Trocholites Conrad. 

PALaoNAunuTS PLiNOBBiTOBMis Rem^e. See Trocholites canadensis. 

PAUEOPR^TEN Traiiams. Genotype: P. cobscooki Williams. 

Pkbeopecten Williams, Proe. IT. 8. Nat Mus., 45, 1913, p. 331. 

Faleopeeten eobseookl Williams. 

FBl»(^>ecten cobscooki WiUiame, Pioc. XT. S. Nat. Mus., 45, 1913, p. 332, pi. 29, 

fig. 13. 
Silurian (Edmunds): Cobscook River, Waahiogton County, Maine. 
Holotype.—OAt No. 68953, U.S.N.M. 

Piy»opeeteii danbyt (McCoy). 

Avicula danbyi McCoy, Ann. Nat. Hist, 2d eer., 7, 1851, p. 59; British PaL Foss., 

1855, p. 258, pi. 2, figs. 11 and 13. 
P^Jffopecten danbyi Williams, Proc. U. S. Nat Mus., 45, 1913, p. 332. 
Sflurian (Edmunds): Eastport quadrangle, Washington County, Maine. 

PibMpeeten transrersalis Williams. 

Pnlseopecten transversalis Williams, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 45, 1913, p. 333, pi. 29, 

figs. 17 and 18. 
Silurian (Edmunds): Cobscook River, Trescott, Eastport quadrangle, Maine. 
JJototype.— Cat No. 58964, U.S.N.M. 

Palsofhokub osborni Whitfield. See Proscorpius osbomi. 

FAUEOPHTCUS Hall. Grenotype: P. tubulate Hall. 

PatoophycusHall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 7.— Nathorst, Ofvers. K. Vet-Akad. 
Forhandl, 30, 1873, p. 46.— Roemer, Leth. geog., 1, Theil, Leth Pal., Erste 
lief, 1880, p. 131.— Nathorst, Kongl. Sven. Vet-Akad. Handl., 18, No. 7, 
1881, p. 38, 90.— James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat Higt, 7, 1885, p. 157.— 
Hinde, Geol. Mag., dec. 3, 4, 1887, p. 228.— Millw, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 
130. 

PalAophjreus beauhamolsense Billings. 

Pmlfieophycus Beauhamoisensis Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Cieol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 98 (adv. sheets, 1862). 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Beauhamois, Quebec. 

Fitoophjreaa beverlyenae Billings. 

TtHaophycuB Beveriyensis Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 
97, Bg. 86 (adv. sheets, 1862).— Roemer, Leth. geog., Leth. Pal., 1, Atlas, 
1876, pi. 2, fig. 1.— Rauff, Neues Jahrb. Min., Geol. Pal., 2, 1891, p. 103. 

Canadian (Beekmantown): Beverly, Quebec. 

FalAophjrcus flexuosum James. 

Paleophycus flexuosus James, Paleontologist, No. 3, 1879, p. 18; Jour. Gindnnaii 

Soc. Nat Hist., 7, 1884, p. 129, pi. 6, Bg. 1; 14, 1891, p. 46. 
Eden: Near Milford, Ohio. 

PaUBophyeus Itmleulus Billings. 

PalsDophycos funiculus Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Creol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 98 

(adv. sheets, 1862). 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Edwaidstown and L'Original, Canada. 

84243''— BnlL 02— vol 2—15 ^15 



940 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PalflBophycus Irregulare HalL 

PalseophycuB irregularis Hall, PaL New York, 1, 1847, p. 8, pi. 2, Eg, 3.— Letley, 

Geol. Surv. PennBylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 587, Bg, 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Near Ohazy, near Keeseville, etc.. New York. 

PalSBophycus obscurum Billings. 

PalsDophycuB obecurus Billings, Pal. Foas., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 98 

(adv. sheets, 1862). 
Trenton: Ottawa, Ontario. 

PaliBophycus nigosum Hall. 

Palfieophycus rugosus Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 63, pi. 21, fig. 2.— James, 

Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 7, 1885, p. 157. 
Trenton: MiddleviUe, etc.. New York. 

FalflBophycus simplex Hall. 

Palaeophycus simplex Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 63, pi. 22, figs. la-d. — 

James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 7, 1885, p. 158. — Lesley, Geol. Surv. 

Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 587, figs. 
Trenton: MiddleviUe, New York. 

PalsDophyeus striatum Hall. 

Palseophycus striatus Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1862, p. 22, pi. 10, fig. la-d, 2. 
Clinton: Clinton, New York. 

PalsDophyeus tortuosum Hall. 

Palffiophycus tortuosus Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 6, pi. 3, figs. 2a, b. 
Richmond (Queenston): Irondequoit Bay, and mouth of Genesee River, New 
York. 

PaliBophycus tubnlare Hall. 

Pateophycus tubularis Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 7, pi. 2, figs. 1, 2, 4, 6.— 

Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 588, fig. 
Canadian (Tribes Hill): Amsterdam, Canajoharie, etc., New York. 

Paljiophtllum Billings. See Colunmaria subgenus Palseophyllum. 

PaluBOphtlluh divarioans Nicholson. See Streptelasma divaricans. 

Palaofhtlluh ruoosuh Billings. See Colunmaria (Palseophyllum) stokesi. 

Paljiopora intsrstinota var. sxtbtubulata McCoy. See Heliolites subtubulatus. 

PaluBOPora 1CBQA8T0MA McCoy. See Heliolites megastoma. 

PAUEOPTBRIA Whiteaves. Genotype: P. parvula Whiteavee. 

Palfleopteria Whiteavee, Pal. Foes., Geol. Siurv. Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 181. 

Palfeopteria pamila Whiteaves. 

Palfieopteria parvula Whiteaves, Pal. Foes., Creol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 

181, pi. 20, figs. 1-3. 
Pterinea parvula Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 784 (gen. ref.). 
Black River or Richmond: Inmost Island, Lake Winnipeg, Canada. 

PAUEOSACCUS Hinde. Genotype: P. dawsoni Hinde. 

Pakeosaccus Hinde, Geol. Mag., dec. 3, 10, 1893, p. 57. — Dawson, Trans. Roy. 
Soc. Canada, 2d ser., 2, sec. 4, 1896, p. 112.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 
1897, p. 722. 



BIBUOORAPHIC LIST OF GBNBBA AND BPBCIBS. 941 

Fftleosaccus dawsoni Hinde. 

PalieoflaccuB Dawsoni, Hiiide, Geol. Mag., dec. 3, 10, 1883, p. 58, pi. 4.— Rauff, 
Palseontographica, 40, 1894, p. 254.— Dawson, Trans. Eoy. Soc. Canada, 
2d ser., 2, sec. 4, 1896, p. 112, figs. 22, 23, pi. 3, fig. 9, pi. 4. 
Canadian? (Levis?): Little Metis, Quebec. 

Paubospomoia D'Orbigny. See Ischadites Murchison. 

Paubosponoia tbentonbnsis Miller. See Zittelella trentonensis. 

Palasterina Billings (part). See Schuchertella Gregory. 

FALBOFATOSITES Twenhofel. Genotype: Favosites aspera D'Orbigny. 

PaleofavofiiteeTwenhofel, Bull. Victoria Mem. Mus., 13, 1914, p. 24. 

PaleofETosltes asper D'Orbigny. 

FavosLtes alveolaiis Lonsdale (not Goldfuss), Murch. Sil. Syst., 1839, p. 681, pi. 
15, bis. figs. 1, 2. 

Favodtes aspera D*Orbigny, Prodr. de Pal., 1, 1850, p. 49.-— Milne-Edwards and 
Haime, Polyp. Foss. desTerr. Palaeoz., 1851, p. 234; BritishFoss. Corals, 1855, 
p. 257, pi. 60, figs. 3, 3a.— McCoy, British Paleoz. Foss., 1855, p. 20.— Nichol- 
son, Canadian Jour., n. s., 16, 1873, p. 40; (Jeol. Siu^. Ohio, Pal., 2, 1875, p. 
225.— Lebedefif, Obersil. fauna Timan, 1892, p. 8, pi. 1, figs, lanc.— Weisser- 
mel, 25eits. d. d. geol. Gesell., 46, 1894, p. 648, pi. 51, fig. 9.— Lambe, Cent. 
Can. Pal., (Jeol. Surv. Canada, 4, pt. 1, 1899, p. 4, pi. 1, fig. 2.— Whiteaves, 
Geol, Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 280.— Parks in Tyrrell, 22d 
Rep. Ontario Bur. Mines, 1913, p. 32. 

Favoflites? capaz Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, 1866, p. 6. 

Favosites Niagaransis Bominger (not Hall), C^l. Surv. Michigan, Foss. Corals, 
1876, p. 22, pi. 5, 6g. 1. 

Favodtes proUficus Billings, Canadian Nat. .Geol., n. s., 2, 1865, p. 429; Cat. Sil. 
Foes. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, pp. 6, 32.— Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. 
Canada, Eep. Progr. for 1878-79, 1880, p. 45c; Pal. Foss. Geol. Surv. Canada, 
3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 113; ibid., pt. 3, 1897, p. 156. 

Paleofavosites aspera Twenhofel, Bull. Victoria Mem. Mus., 3, 1914, p. 24. 

Early and Middle Silurian: Europe; Island of Anticosti, Canada (English Head — 
Chicotte); Manitoba; Wyoming, etc. 

PALBOPUPA Foerste. Genotype: P. abrupta Foerste. 

Paleopupa Foerste, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 7, 1893, p. 556. 

Pmleopupa abnipta Foerste. 

Paleopupa abrupta Foerste, Qeol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 7, 1893, p. 556, pi. 37a, fig. 

21a-b. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Huffmans Quarry, near Dayton, Ohio. 

PALKSCHARA Hall. Genotype: P. incrustans Hall. 

Paleechara Hall, 26th Ann. Rep. New York State Mus., 1874, p. 107.— Zittel, 
Handb. Pal., 1, Munich, 1880, p. 604.— Ubich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. 
Hist., 5, 1882, p. 157.— Hall and Simpson, Pal. New York, 6, 1887, p. xviii.— 
Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 313.— Pocta, Syst. Sil. Centre Boheme, 8, 
pt. 1, 1894, p. 9.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sd., 6, 1899, p. 170.— 
Nickles and Baaaler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 54.— Cumings, 
Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 17, 1904, pp. 49, 74.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. 
Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 166. 

Palxscbaba? aspsba Hall. See Spatiopora maculata. 



942 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

« 

Pideschara beanl (James). 

Oeramopora? beani James, Paleontologist, No. 1, 1878, p. 5; Jour. Cincinnati 

Soc. Nat. Hist, 7, 1884, p. 23, fig. a-3b; James and James, ibid., 11, 1888» 

p. 37. 
Paleschara beani Ubich, Amer. Geol. 1, 1888, p. 186.— Basdw, Pioc. U. 8. Nat. 

Mus., 30, 1906, p. 46. 
Richmond (WajmesviUe): Warren and Clinton Counties, Ohio. 

Pidescliara? Incrassata Hall. 

Paleschara incrassata Hall, 28th Ann. Rep. New York State Mus., mus. ed., 1879, 

p. 121; 11th Ann. Rep. Indiana Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 246. 
Niagaran (Waldron): Waldron, Indiana. 

Palbsohara haculata Hall. See Spatiopora maculata.' 

Paleschara? olMa Hall. 

Paleschara ofihila Hall, 28th Ann. Rep. New York State Mus. (doc. ed.), 1876, pi. 
8, figs. 7, 8; mus. ed., 1879, p. 120, pi. 8, figs. 7, 8; Ilth Ann. Rep. Indiana 
(jeol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 245, pi. 7, figs. 7, 8. — Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsyl- 
vania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 591, ^. 

Leptotrypa offula Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 6, 1883, p. 158. 

Niagaran (Waldron): Waldron, Indiana. 

Paleschara? spharion Hall. See Leptotrjrpa? sphsBrion. 

Paleschara ulrichl Ruedemann. 

Paleschara ulrichi Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 162, 1912, p. 90. 
Trenton (Snake Hill): Snake Hill, New York. 

FANBNKA Banande. Genotype: P. bohemica Barrande. 

Panenka Barrande, Syst. Sil. du Centre Boheme, 6, 1881, p. 128; Acephales, 
Extr. Syst. Sil. du Centre Boheme, 1881, pp. 11, 204.--Hall, Pal. New York, 
6, pt. 1, Lam. 2, 1886, p. xxv.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 500.— 
Whidbome, Mon. Dev. Fkuna South England, 3, Pal. Soc., 1896, p. 72.— 
Whiteaves, Ottawa Nat., 15, 1902, p. 263. 

Panenka eanadensis Whiteaves. 

Panenka canadensis Whiteaves, Ottawa Nat., 15, 1902, p. 265, pi. 15, figs. 1, 2. — 
Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 389. — Grabau, Michigan 
Geol. Surv., Geol. Ser., 1, 1909, p. 163, pi. 22, figs. 1-2. 

Upper Monroan (Amherstbuig): Detroit River, opposite Amherstbuig, Ontario. 

PARABOUNA Salter. Genotype: Entomostradtes spinulosus Wahlenbeig. 

Parabolina Salter, Mem. Geol. Surv. United Kingdom, dec. 2, 1849, pi. 9, p. 2. — 
Angelin, Pal. Scandinavica, 3d ed., Holmiae, 1878, p. 45. — Koken, Die Leit- 
foBsilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 20, &g, 11. — ^Mobergand Moller, Geol. Foren. Stock- 
holm Forhandl., 20, 1898, p. 229.— Lindstrom, Eongl. Sven. Vet.-Alkad. 
Hand., 34, No. 8, 1901, pp. 18, 22.— Lake, Paleontographical Soc., 1908, p. 61. 

Parabolina dawsonl Matthew. 

Parabolina Dawsoni Matthew, Bull. Nat. Hist. Soc. New Brunswick, No. 19, 1901, 

p. 282, pi. 5, figs. 6ar-f; Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Cambrian Rocks Cape 

Breton, 1903, p. 223, pi. 17, fig. 6. 
Canadian (Bretonian— Div. C3b): East Bay, east of Bras d^Or Lake, Cape Breton, 

Nova Scotia. 

Parabolina grandia (Matthew). 

Parabolina heres var. grandis Matthew, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 9, dec. 4, 1892, 

p. 52, pi. 13, fig. 7. 
Canadian (Bretonian— Div. C3b): Navy Island, St. John Harbor, New Brunswick. 



BIBUOQBAPHIO LIST OF GENEBA AND SPECIES. 943 

Pasabolina herbs var. qrandis Matthew. See Parabolina grandls. 

PBraboUna heres lata Matthew. 

Pftnbolliia heres var. lata Matthew, Trans. Boyal Soc. Canada, 9, sec. 4, 1892, 

p. 51, pi. 13, figs. 6a-f. 
Canadian (Bietonlan— Div. C3b): Navy Island, St. John Harbor, New Brunswick. 

ParmboUna splnulosa (Wahlenbeig). 

Entmnostncites q>inaloeus Wahlenberg, Petr. Tell. Suec., 1821, p. 38, pi. 1, Bg, 3. 

Ol^iUB spinulosiis Dalman, K. Vet.-Akad. Handl., for 1826, 1827, p. 256; Ubw die 
P^Oseaden, 1828, p. 56, pi. 6, Eg, 4. 

Paradoxides q>lnulosiis Milne Edwards, Hist. Nat. d. Crust., 3, 1840, p. 342. — 
Burmeistor, Oig. der Tril., Berlin, 1843, p. 80; ibid., 1846, p. 68. 

Olenus (Parabolina) spinuloea Salter, Cat. Camb. Sil. Fobs., 1873, p. 11. — ^Brogger, 
Die sil. Etagen 2-3, Krlstiania, 1882, p. 100, pi. 1, ^. 12a-e (cites bib.). 

Parabolina spinuloea AngeUn, Pal. Scandinavica, 1854, p. 46, pi. 25, Bg. 9. — 
Matthew, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 9, sec. 4, 1892, p. 51, pi. 13, figs. 5a-d.— 
Tomquist, Geol. Mag., dec. 4, 3, 1896, p. 567. — Eoken, Die LeitfosBilien, 
Leipzig, 1896, p. 18, fig. 11.— Lindstrom, Kongl. Sven. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 
34, No. 8, 1901, p. 33, pi. 5, ^. 31.— Lake, Paleontographical Soc. 1908, p. 
02, pi. 6, figs. &-11. 

Lower Ordovidan: Europe; St. John, New Brunswick (Bretonian — Div. C3a). 

FABABOUNELLA Bi<)gger. Genotype: P. limitis BiiSgger. 

Paiabolinella BrOgger, Die sil. Etagen 2-3, Kristiania, 1882, p. 102.-^Zittel, 

Handb. P^., 2, 1885, p. 595.— (oken, DieLeitfoesilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 20.— 

Lindstrom, Kongl. Sven. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 34, No. 8, 1901, p. 22.— Lake, 

Paleontographical Soc., 1908, p. 63. 

PaimboUnella andlna Hoek. 

Panbolinella andina Hoek, Neues Jahrb. Min., Qeol. PkJ., 34, 1912, p. 214, pi. 7, 

figs. 7-9. 
Lowest Ordovidan: Salitre, Aigentina-Boliyia boundary. 

Parmbolinella Umltls (BrOgger). 

Olenus (Parabolinella) limitis Brogger, Die sil. Etagen, 2-3, Erisdania, 1882, p. 

102, pi. 3, fig. 2a, b, 4a. 
Plffabolinella limitis Freeh, Leth. geog., 1, Leth. Pal., 2, 1 Leif., 1897, pi. lb, 

fig. 10. 
Parabolinella cf . limitis Matthew, Bull. Nat. Hist. Soc. New Brunswick, No. 20, 

1902, p. 412; Geol. Surv. Canada, Kep. Cambrian Hocks Cape Breton, 1903, 

p. 226. 
LowOT Ordovician: Europe; McLeod Brook, near Boisdale, Cape Breton, Nova 

Scotia (Bretonian— Div. 3c2) . 

FaraboUnella posthuma Matthew. 

Parabolinella posthuma Matthew, Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 10, sec. 4, 1893, p. 107, 

pi. 7, figs. 15a, F. 
Canadian (Bretonian — Div. C 3d) : Suspension Bridge, St. John, New Brunswick. 

Parabolinella quadrata Matthew. 

Parabolinella quadrata Matthew, Bull. Nat. Hist. Soc. New Brunswick, No. 20, 

1902^ p. 411, pi. 18, ^. 7; Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Cambrian Rocks Cape 

Breton, 1903, p. 225, pi. 18, ^. 7. 
Canadian (Bretonian— Div. 3c2): McLeod Brook, near Boisdale, Cape Breton, 

Nova Scotia. 



944 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PARABOUNOPSIS Hoek. Genotype: P. mariana Hoek. 

Parabolinopsis Hoek, Neuee J&hrb. Min. Geol. Pal., 34, 1912, p. 226. 

FaraboUnopsts marUma Hoek. 

ParabolinopBls mariana Hoek, Neues Jahrb. Min. Geol. Pal., 34, 1912, p. 226, 

pi. 7, figB. 1-3. 
Ordovidan: Tarija, Bolivia. 

Paractinoobbas Hyatt. See Actinoceras Bronn. 

Pa&adoxjdbs AB0UATU8 Harlan. See Triarthnis becki. 

Pabadoxjdbs bboku Green. See Triarthnis becki. 

Pa&adoxidbs BOLnx>Ni Blgsby. See Arctinurua boltoni. 

Pabadozidbs batoni Hall. See TriarthruB becki. 

Pa&adozidbs spinttlosus Burmeister. See Parabolina spinuloea. 

Pabadozidbs tbtbaoonocbphalus Emmrich. See A8aphiis(?) tetragonocepbaluB. 

Pabadoxidbs tbiarthbus Harlan. See Triarthnis becki. 

Pabalichas Keed. See Amphilichas Raymond. 

PARALLELODUS Branson. Genotype: P. obliquns Branson. 

Parallelodus Branson, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 18, 1909, p. 43. 

Parallelodus obllquus Branson. 

Parallelodus obliquus Branson, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 18, 1909, p. 43, pi. 7, 

figs. 9, 10. 
Black River (Auburn — ^Decorah): Lincoln County, Missouri. 

PARALLELOPORA Holtedahl. Genotype: P. favoeitiformis Holtedahl. 

Parallelopora Holtedahl, Second Arct. Exp. ''Fram," 1898-1902, No, 32, 1914, 
p. 13. 

ParaUelopora faTosltlformlB Holtedahl. 

Parallelopora favoaitiformis Holtedahl, Second Arct. Exp. '*Fram," 1898-1902, 

No. 32, 1914, p. 13, pil. 4, figs. 3, 4; pi. 6, figs. 1-5. 
Helderbergian (Lower beds): Near Boigen, Southwestern EUesmereland, Arctic 
America. 

PARASTROPHIA Hall and Clarke. Genotype: Atrypa hemiplicata Hall. 

Parastrophia Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1893, p. 221; 13th Ann. 

Rep. New York State Geol., 1895, p. 839.— Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Textb. 

Pal., 1, 1900, p. 321; 2d ed., 1913, p. 394.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 

Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 271. 

Parastrophia dlvergens Hall and Clarke. 

Parastrophia diveigens Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1895, pp. 222, 

366, pi. 63, figs. 4-7; 48th Rep. New York State Mus., 2, for 1895, 1897, p. 364; 

pi. 10, figs. 11-14; 14th Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 364, 

pi. 10, figs. 11-14. 
Richmond (Femvale): Wilmington, Illinois. 

Parastrophia greenel Hall and Clarke. 

Parastrophia greenii Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1895, pp. 222, 867, 
pi. 63, figs. 17-20, 22; 48th Rep. New York State Mus., 2,*for 1895, 1897, 
p. 364, pi. 10, figs. 1-5; 14th Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 364, 
pi. 10, figs. 1-5. 
Niagaran (Racine): Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 



BIBUOGBAPHIC LIST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 945 

fsutstioplila hemlpUeato Hall. 

AtzypaliemiplicataHall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 144, pi. 33, fig. 10.— Billings, 

Oanadian Nat. GeoL, 1, 1856, p. 208, figs. 20-23.— Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, 

pt. 2, 1855, p. 190, pi. 10, fig. 10. 
Pentamerus hemiplicatus HaU, 12tli Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1859, 

p. 66.— Billings, Canadian Jour., 4, 1859, p. 316. 
Camarella hemiplicata Billings, Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 168, fig. 154. — Chapman, 

Canadian Jour., n. s., 7, 1862, p. 114, fig. 106; Expos. Mtn. and Geol. Canada, 

1864, p. 118, ^. 106; p. 171, fig. 188.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 338, 

fig. 545.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 112, figs. 
AnastropMa? hemiplicata Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 

382, pi. 30, figs. 2»-31.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 167. 
Parastrophia hemipHcata Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1893, p. 221, 

pi. 63, figs. 1-3.— Schuchert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 22, 1900, p. 158.— Ruede- 

mann, Bull. New York State Mus., 49, 1902, p. 26.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New 

Jersey, Pal. 3, 1903, p. 158, pi. 10, figs. 11-14.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. 

Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 271, ^. 327.— Wilson, Bull. Canada Geol. Surv., 

Mus., 2, 1914, pp. 1-10, pi. 4, figs. 1-34. 
Atrypa drculus Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 142, pi. 33, fig. 7; 12th Rep. New 

York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1859, p. 65. — ^Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 

1855, p. 190, pi. 10, fig. 7. 
Camarella drculus Miller, Amer. Pal. Foss., 1877, p. 107. 
Camarella bemensis Sardeson, Bull. Minnesota Acad. Nat. Scl., 3, 1892, p. 328, 

pi. 4, figs. 4-6. 
Trenton: Middleville, Watertown, etc., New York; Pennsylvania; Wisconsin; 

Minnesota; New Jersey; Ontario; Manitoba; Baffin Land. 

Farastrophia hemiplicata rotunda (Winchell and Schuchert). 

Anaatrophia? hemiplicata var. rotunda Winchell and Schuchert, Minnesota 

Geol. Surv., 3, 1893, p. 383, pi. 30, figs. 32-35. 
Trenton (Proeser): Cannon FaUs, Minnesota; Decorah, Iowa. 

Farastrophia latiplieata Hall and Clarke. 

PlAzastrophia latiplieata Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1895, pp. 222, 
368, pi. 63, figs. 23-27; 48th Rep. New York State Mus., 2, for 1895, 1897, 
p. 365, pi. 10, figs. 6-10; 14th Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 
365, pi. 10, figs. 6-10. 

Niagaran (Racine): Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

Farastrophia lentlcularls (Billings). 

Camarella lenticularis Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, 1866, p. 45. 
Richmond (English Head, Charleton): Gamachian and Anticostian (Becde River); 
Reef Point, etc., Anticosti. 

Farastrophia multiplleata Hall and Clarke. 

pBiastiophia multiplicata Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1895, pp. 
222, 367, pi. 63, figs. 15, 16, 21; 48th Rep. New York State Mus., 2, for 1895, 
1897, p. 365, pi. 10, figs. 15-17; 14th Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, 
p. 365, pi. 10, figs. 15-17. 

Niagaran (Racine?): Milwaukee, Wisoonsin. 

Fara8trophla(f) obscura (Hall and Whitfield). 

POrambonites obscurus Hall and Whitfield, King's IT. S. Geol. Expl., 40th Pari., 
4, 1877, p. 234, pi. 1, fig. 16.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1893, 
p. 228. 



946 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM.. 

Parastrophla(?) obscura— Continued. 

Para8tropliia(?) obscura Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 300. 
Pogonip: Pogonip Mountain, "White Pine District, Nevada. 
Holotype.--(M. No. 17277, U.S.N .M. 

Observation. — Based upon a single ventral valve, which is insufficient to deter- 
mine whether it belongs to P&rastrophia or some rhynchonelloid. It is not a 
Porambonitee (Schuchert). 

Parastrophia ops (Billings). 

Camarella ops Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., I, 1865, p. 148, fig. 128 

(adv. sheets, 1862). 
Parastrophia ops Schuchert, Bull. U. S. CJeol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 300. 
Anticostian (Chicotte): The Jumpers, Anticosti. 

Parastrophia reversa (Billings). 

Pentamerus re versus Billings, Geol. Survey Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1856, 1867, 

p. 295; Canadian Join-., 4, 1859, p. 316. 
Brachjrmerus reversus Shaler, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 1, 1865, p. 69. 
Anastrophia reversa Miller, Amer. Pal. Foss., 1877, p. 104. 
Parastrophia reversa Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1895, pi. 63, figs. 

8-14.— Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 301.— Wilson, Canadian 

Bull. Geol. Surv. Mus., 2, 1914, p. 9, pi. 4, figs, 35-39. 
Gamachian (Ellis Bay): Junction .Cliff, Anticosti. 

Parastrophia scofleldl (Winchell and Schuchert). 

Anastrophia? scofieldi Winchell and Schuchert, Minnesota Geol. Surv., 3, 1893, 

p. 383, pi. 30, figs. 24-28. 
Parastrophia scofieldi Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 301. 
Trenton (Flrosser): Near Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 

PASCEOLUS Billings. Genotype: P. globosus Billings. 

Pasceolus Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1853-1856, 1857, p. 342; 
Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 390; Cat. Sil. Foes. Anticosti, Geol. 
Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 69.— Meek and Worthen, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 3, 1868, 
p. 346.— Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, pp. 4, 5. — Kayser, Zeits. 
d. d. geol. Geeell., 27, 1875, pp. 776-779.— Nicholson and Etheridge, Mon. 
Sil. Foes. Girvan Dist., 1878, p. 13.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1880, p. 728.— 
Roemer, Leth. geog., 1, Theil, Leth. Pal., Erste Lief, 1880, p. 295. — James, 
Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 9, 1886, p. 248, 246; 14, 1891, p. 58.— Roemer, 
Neues Jahrb. Min. Geol. Pal., 1, 1888, p. 74.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal.. 1889, 
p. 162.— ^Tschemyschew, Mem. du Comite Geol. Russia, 4, No. 3, 1893, p. 103. 
Observation. — See Cyclocrinites Eichwald, of which Pasceolus is probably a 

synonjrm. 

Pasceolus camdenensls Foerste. 

• 

Pasceolus camdenensis Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, p. 85, 

pi. 2, ^. 6. 
Richmond: Camden, Ohio. 

Pasceolus claudel Miller. 

Pasceolus claudei Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 6, fig. 3; N. A. 

Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 162, fig. 114. 
Cydocrinua Claudii StoUey Archiv. Anthiop. Geol. Schleswig-Holsteins, 1, Heft 

2, 1896, p. 215 (gen. ref.). 
Maysville (Bellevue): Near Maysville, Kentucky. 

Pasceolus? dacttuoidbs Meek and Worthen. See Cerionites dactyloides. 



BIBUOGBAPHIO LIST OF QBKERA AND SPECIES. 947 

Paseeolus darwlnl Miller. 

PkBceolufl darwini Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 187^ p. 5, figs. 1, 2. — 

James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 9, 1886, p. 248; 14, 1891, p. 59.— 

MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 162, figs. 115, 116.—Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. 

Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 303, pi. 8, figs, la, b. 
Gydocrinus Darwinii Stolley, Archiv. Anthrop. Geol. Schleswig-Holsteins, 1, 

Heft 2, 1896, p. 215 (gen. ref.). 
Astyioepongia tumidus James, Paleontologist, 1, 1878, p. 1. — J. F. James, Jour. 

Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 9, 1886, p. 247. 
Pasceolus(?) tumidus James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 14, pt. 1, 1891, p. 

59, fig. 3. 
MaysviUe (Bellevue): Two miles southeast of Maysville, Kentucky; Cincinnati, 

Ohio, and vicinity. 

Paaeeolus globosus Billings. 

P&sceolus globosus Billings, Creol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Ptogr. for 1853-1856, 1857, 
p. 343; Pal. Fobs., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 391, fig. 367; Cat. Sil. Foss. 
Anticosti, Creol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 70.-^KayBer, Zeits. d. d. geol. Gesell., 
27, 1875, pp. 777, 780.— Nicholson and Etheridge, Mon. Sil. Foss. Girvan 
Dut., 1878, p. 14, fig. lb.— James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 9, 1886, 
p. 248; 14, 1891, p. 58.— Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, 
pi. 4, fig. 4. 

Cyclocrinus globosus Stolley, Archiv. Anthrop. Geol. Schleswig-Holsteins, 1, 
Heft 2, 1896, p. 215 (gen. ref.}. 

Trenton: Ottawa, Ontario; Ohio; Kentucky. 

Pascsolus orboarius Billings. See Nidulites gregarius. 

Pmseeolus halll Billings. 

Pasceolus halU Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1853-56, 1857, 
p. 342; Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 309, fig. 312; Pal. Foss., 1, 
Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 390, fig. 366; Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. 
Surv. Canada, 1866, pp. 69, 72.— Niles, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 10, 1865, 
p. 19. — ^Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 5.v-Kayser, Zeits. 
d. d. geol. Gesell., 1875, pp. 779, 780.— Nicholson and Etheridge, Mon. Sil. 
Foss. Girvan Dist., 1878, p. 14, fig. la. — ^Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, 
Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 603, fig.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 162, fig. 117. 

Cyclocrinus Halli Stolley, Archiv. Anthrop. Geol. Schleswig-Holsteins, 1, Heft 
2, 1896, p. 215 (gen. ref.}. 

Gamachian (Ellis Bay) and Anticostian (Becsie River): White Cliff, Gamache 
Bay, etc., Anticosti. 

Ptortotypc.— Cat. No. 58718, U.S.N.M. 

Pasceolus intbrmbdius Billings. See Nidulites intermedins. 

Pa8cbolu8(7) tumidus James. See Pasceolus darwini. 

PATSRULA Barrande. ' Genotype: P. bohemica Banande. 

Paterula Barrande, Syst^me Sil. du Centre de la Boh^me, 5, 1879, p. 110. — ^Zittel, 

Handb. Pal., 1, 1880, p. 667.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 

1892, pp. 78, 165; 11th Ann. Rep. New York State Geologist, 1894, p. 242.— 

Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 372. 

Patemlft smil Schuchert. 

Paterula species Hall and Clarke, 8, pt. 1, p. 78, pi. 4K, fig. 1. 

Paterula amii Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 301.— Ruedemann, 

Bull. New York State Mus., 42, 1901, p. 569, pi. 1, flig. 2. 
Oidovidan: South of St. Johns Market, Quebec, Canada; Mount Moreno, near 

Hudson, New York (Normanskill). 



948 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PATTERSONIA MiUer. Genotype: P. diffidlifl Milkr. 

PattersoniaWller, Jour. Cinciimati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 43.— Jamee, J. F., 

ibid., 9, 1886, pp. 246, 247; 14, 1891, pp. 68, 69.— MiUer, N. A. GeoL Pal., 

1889, p. 163.— Rauff, Palaeontographica, 40, 1894, p. 267. 
Strobiloepongia Beecher, Mem. Peabody Mus., Yale Univenity, 2, 1889, p. 14. 

(Genotype: S. tuberoea Beecher.) 
Ghirospongia Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 156.— J. F. James, Jour. Cincinnati 

Soc. Nat. Hiat., 14, 1891, p. 66. (Genotype: C. wenti Miller.) 

Pattersonls surits (Beecher). 

Strobilospongia aurita Beecher, Mem. Peabody Mus., Yale Univ., 2, 1889, p. 28, 

pi. 5, fig. 1. 
Pattersonia aurita Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 163 (gen. re!.).— Kauff, Pal«e- 

ontographica, 40, 1894, p. 271. 
Ghirospongia wenti Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 157, fig. 98. 
Trenton (Bigby): Benson Creek, Franklin County, Kentucky. 

Pattersonia dlfflolUs Miller. 

Pattersonia difficilis Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 43, pi. 2, 

figs. 3, 3a.— James, J. F., ibid., 9, 1886, p. 247; 14, 1891, p. 69.— Miller, N. A. 

Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 163, fig. 118.— RaufF, Palseontographica, 40, 1894, p. 268, 

pi. 6, figs. 17-20. 
Maysville (Corryvdlle): Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Pfewotype.— Cat. No. 46565, U.S.N.M. 

Pattersonia tuberosa (Beecher). 

Strobilospongia tuberosa Beecher, Mem. Peabody Mus., Yale Univ., 2, 1889, 

p. 26, pi. 5, fig. 5; pi. 6, 3-7. 
Pattersonia tuberoea Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 163 (gen. ref.).— James, 

J. F., Joiir. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 14, pt. 1, 1891, p. 69. — RaufF, Pala^- 

ontographica, 40, 1894, p. 269, fig. 51. 
Maysville (Bellevue): Turners Station, Kentucky. 

Pattersonia tilrichl Rauff. 

Pattersonia Ulrichi Rauff, Palfieontographica, 40, 1894, p. 271, pi. 6, figs. 21-25. 
Maysville (Corryville): Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Eolotype.—Q&t No. 46566, U.S.N.M. 

PELAOIELLA Matthew. Genotype: Cyrtolites atlantoidee Matthew. 

Pelagiella Matthew, Trans. New York Acad. Sci., 14, 1895, p. 131.— Miller, N. A. 
Ged. Pal., 2d App., 1897, ^. 769. 

Pelagiella hoytt (Walcott). 

Platyceras hoyti Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 13, 1890, p. 268, pi. 20, fig. 8.— 

Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 668, fig. 
Pelagiella hoyti Walcott, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 57, 1912, p. 266, pi. 41, fig. 17. 
Upper Cambrian or Ozarkian (Hoyt): Near Saratoga Springe, New York. 
JSbtotype.— Cat. No. 23846, U.S.N.M. 

Pelagiella mlnutlsslma (Walcott). 

Platyceras minutissimum Walcott, 32d Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 

1879, p. 129.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 671, figs. 

Pelagiella minutissima Walcott, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 57, 1912, p. 266, pi. 41, figs. 

15, 16. . 
Upper Cambrian or Ozarkian (Hoyt): Near Saratoga Springs, New York. 
P^Mio^pM.— Cat. Nob. 58551, 58552, U.S.N.M. 



BIBUOQBAPHIO LIST OP OSKBRA. AKD SPECIES. 949 

miTIRA Milne-Edwards. Crenotype: Entomostradtes scarabaeoidee Wahlenbeig. 

Peltm Milne-Edwards, Hist. Nat. Crust., 3, 1840, p. 344.— Hawle and Corda, 
Abh. d. k. bohmischen Gesell. d. Wiss., 5, 1847, (extract), pp. 119, 127, pi. 
6, Bg, 68. — ^Angelin, Pal. Scandinavica, 3d ed., Holmiae, 1854, p. 44. — Bar- 
lande, Neues Jahrb. f. Min., etc., 1850, p. 779.— Pictet, Traite de Pal., 2d ed., 
2, 1854, p. 492.— Brogger, Die sil. Etagen 2-3, Kristiania, 1882, p. 105, 106.— 
Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, Munich, 1885, p. 595. — Eoken, Die Leitfossilien, Leip- 
lag, 1896, p. 19, fig. 11; figs. 3, 4, 8.— Moberg and Moller, Geol. Foren. Stock- 
holm, Forhandl. 20, 1898, p. 229.— Lindstrom, Kongl. Sven. Vet.-Akad. 
Handl., 34, 1901, pp. 27, 29.— Raymond, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, 
p. 715. 

Anthea Goldfuss, Neues Jahrb. f. Min., etc., 1843, p. 544. — Emmrich, Neues 
Jahrb. f. Min., etc., 1845, p. 43. (Genotype: E. scarabseoides Wahlenbeig). 

Ntnrs searmbflDoides (Wahlenberg). 

Enlomostracites scarabaeoidee Wahlenberg, Petr. Tell. Suec., 1821, p. 41, pi. 1, 
fig. 2. 

Oleoofl scaiabfeoides Dalman, E. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 1827, p. 257; Uber die Pal., 
1828, p. 57.— Burmeister, Oig. Tril., London, 1846, p. 71.— Mackie,The Geol., 
2, 1859, p. 426, fig. 14.— Salter, Mem. Geol. Surv. Great Britain, 2, 1866, pt. 1; 
ibid., 3, 2d ed., 1881, p. 494, pi. 5, figs. 2-5. 

Peltura scarabseoidee Pictet, Traite de Pal., 2d ed., 2, p. 492, pi. 44, ^, 7.— 
Angelin, Pal. Scand., 3d ed., Holmiae, 1878, p. 45, pi. 25, fig. 8. — Linnarsson, 
Geol. For. Stockholm Forhandl., 5, 1880, p. 134; Afh. Sveriges Geol. XJnders., 
ser. C, No. 43, 1880, p. 4, pl.l, figs. 1-5.— Brogger, Die sil. Etagen 2-3, Kristi- 
ania, 1882, p. 107, pi. 2, figs. 9, 12 (bibliography cited).— Pompeckj, Beit. 
Phys.-Oekon. Gesell., Konigsberg, 1890, p. 89, pi. 4, ^. 28.— Matthew, 
Trans. Boyal Soc. Canada, 9, sec. 4, 1892, p. 53, pi. 13, figs. 9a, b. — Koken, Die 
Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 18, figs. 3, 4, 8, 11. — ^Lindstrom, Eongl. Sven. 
Vet.-Akad. Handl., 34, No. 8, 1901, p. 64, pi. 3, fig. 42.— Matthey, Geol. 
Surv. Canada, Bep. Cambrian Eocks Cape Breton, 1903, p. 230. 

Oienufl (Peltura) scarabseoides Eoemer, Leth. geog., 1, Leth. Pal. Atlas, 1876, 
pi. 1, fig. 5. 

Lower Grdovician: Europe; McNeil Brook, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia (Breto- 
nian— Div. C 3b). 

PiNDULocRiMUS Salter. See Calceocrinus Hall. 

PumnurrBPORA D'Orbigny. See Glauconome Goldfuss. 

Pentaciinites hamptoni Emmons. Not recognized. 

Pentacrinites hamptoni Emmons, Geol. New York, 2, 1842, p. 402, £g, 3.— Va- 
nuxem, Nat. Hist. New York Geol., 3, 1842, pp. 64, 65, Gg. 3. — Owen, Amer. 
Jour. Sd. Arts, 47, 1844, p. 376, fig. 3. 
Lonaine: New York. 
Obsovation. — ^Merely a crinoid plate. 

FKNTAMERELLA Hall. Genotype: Atrypa arata Conrad. 

Pentamerella Hall, 20th Hep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1867, p. 163; 
Pal. New York, 4, 1867, pp. 373, 375.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, p. 694.— Nettel- 
loth, Kentucky Fossil Shells, Mem. Kentucky Geol. Surv., 1889, p. 49.— 
Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., p. 360.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 
1893, p. 245; 13th Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1895, p. 845.— Koken, 
Die Leitfossilien, Leipzig, p. 244. 



950 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

P«ntamerellft(f) eompresss Ringaebeig. 

Pentamerella compressa Ringuebeig, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 5, 1886, p. 15, 

pi. 2, fig. 4.— Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Sunr., 87, 1897, p. 302. 
Clinton (Eochester): Lockport, New York. 
Observadon. — ^May be a pathologic or compressed specimen of Spinier crispos or 
S. sulcatus (Schuchert). 

PENTAMEBOCERAS Hyatt. Genotype: Gomphoceras mirum Banande. 

Pentamoiion Banande, SO. Syst. Boheme, 2, 1867, p. 265. 
Pentameroceras Hyatt, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 22, 1883, p. 278. — ^Foord, 

Cat. Fobs. Ceph. British Mus., 1, 1888, p. 245.— Newell, Proc. Boston Soc. 

Nat. Hist., 23, 1888, p. 483. 

Pentameroceras mlrum (Banande). 

Gomphoceras mirum Barrande, Syst. Sil. Boheme, 2, 1867, p. 319, pis. 82 and 91. 
Pentameroceras mirum Newell, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 1888, p. 483. 
Silurian: Bohemia; (7)Delphi, Indiana. 

PENTAMERUS Sowerby. Genotype: P. laevis Sowerby. 

PentamerusSowerby, Mineial Conch., 1, 1813, p. 76. — Pictet,TraitedePal., 2ded., 
4, 1857, p. 52.— Chapman, Canadian Jour., n. s., 3, 1858, p. 162; 7, 1862, p.ll5; 
Expos. Min. and Creol. Canada, 1864, p. 118.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1880, 
p. 693.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 361.— HaU and Clarke, Pal. New- 
York, 8, pt. 2, 1895, p. 236.^— Koken, Die Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 244.— 
Hall and Clarke, 13th Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1895, p. 844.— 
Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 190; Bull. New York State 
Mus., 45, 1901, p. 190.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, 
p. 275.— Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1900, p. 321; 2d. ed., 1913, 
p. 395. 

Pbntam BRUS ARCU08U8 McChesuey. See Clorinda arcuosa. 

PsNTAinsRUS BARRANDi Billiugs. See Viigiana barrandei. 

Pbntamsrus BBAUMONn Casteluau. See Pentamerus oblongus. 

Pbntam BRUS bisinuatus McChesney. See Pentamerus oblongus bisinuatus. 

Pbntambrus BRBVIR08TRI8 Hall. See Anastrophia brevirostris. 

Pentamerus eircularis Weller. 

Pentamerus eircularis Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal. 3, 1903, p. 233, pi. 

20, figs. 17-19. 
Helderbeigian (Decker Ferry): Two miles south of Tristatee, New York. 



Pbntambrus ohicaoobnsis Winchell and Marcy. See Clorinda ventricosa. 

Pbntambrus collbtti Miller. See Conchidium coUetti. 

Pbntambrus complanatus Nettelroth. See Conchidium tenuicostatum'. 

Pbntambrus conghxdium Emerson. See Conchidium biloculare. 
Pbntambrus ooppinobri Etheridge. See Gypidula coppingeri. 
Pbntambrus crabsoradius McChesney. See Conchidium crassoradius. 
Pbntambrus dbcussatus Whiteaves. See Conchidium decussatum. 



V 



BIBUOGBAPHIO LIST OP QB17EBA AND SPE0IB8. 951 

P^ntmnienis dirergens Foerate. 

PentameruB diveigens Foente, Cincinnati 8oc. Nat. Hist. Jour., 21, 1909, p. 28, 

pi. 1, figs. 5A-E; pi. 2, figs. 17A, B. 
Gayugan (KokcHno): Kokomo, Indiana. 

Pbntamsbus vornioatus Hall. See Clorinda fomicata. 

Pbntambrus oalbatus Boemer. See Gypidnla roemeri. 

FkNTAMERUS OALBATU8 Hall. See Gypidula (Sieberella) galeata. 

Pbmtambrits galbatus Hall and Whitfield. See Gypidula nucleus. 

Fbntamsrus 0L0BUL08U8 Nettelroth. See Gypidula globulosa. 

Pbntambrus hemiflicatus Hall. See Parastrophia hemiplicata. 

Pbmtam BRus iNTBRPUOATUs Hall. See Ana^strophia interplicata. 

Pbntambrus knaffi Hall and Whitfield. See Conchidium knappi. 

Pbntambrus knighti Nettelroth. See Conchidium nettelrothi. 

Pbntambrus knoth Nettelroth. See Gypidula knotti. 

PsifTAMBRUS LAQUBATUS Courad. See Conchidium laqueatum. 

Pbntambrus LrrroNi Hall. See Conchidium littoni. 

Pbntambrus MUi;nco8TATU8 Hall. See Conchidium multicoetatum. 

Pbntambrus nobius Emmons. See Conchidium laqueatum. 

Pbntambrus nuclbus Hall and Whitfield. See Gypidula nucleus. 

Pbntambrus nysius Hall. See Conchidium nysius. 

Pbntambrus ntsius var. crassigosta Hall and Whitfield. See Conchidiiun nysius. 

Pbntambrus ntsius var. tbnuioosta Hall and Whitfield. See Conchidium 
tenuicostatum. 

Pbntambrus nysius var. tenuiscostatus Nettelroth. See Conchidium nysitis. 

P«atamems oblongus Sowerby. 
^ Pentamenis oblongus Sowerby, Murchison's Sil. Syst., 1839, p. 641, pi. 19, ^, 
10.— Hall, Geol. New York Kep. 4th Dist., 1843, p. 70, figs. l-5.-Owen, 
GeoL Expl. Iowa, Wisconsin, and Illinois, 1844, pi. 14, ^, 10; Amer. Jour. Sci. 
Arts, 48, 1845, p. 304, figs. l-«.— HaU, ibid., 2d ser., 20, 1849, p. 227; Pal. 
New York, 2, 1852, p. 79, pi. 25, ^. 1.— Marcou, Geol. Map United States 
and British Prov., etc.,^ 1853, p. 27, pi. 2, fig. 3.— Billings, Canadian Nat. 
Geol., 1, 1856, p. 58, pi. 1, figs. 2, 3; Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 316, ^, 326.— 
Chapman, Canadian Jour., n. s., 7, 1862, p. 115, figs. 107, 107a; ibid., 8, 1863, 
p. 210, fig. 213; Expos, liin. and Geol. Canada, 1864, p. 118, figs. 107, 107a; 
p. 182, fig. 213.— Davidson, Mon. British Sil. Biach., Pal. Soc., 1867, p. 151, 
pi. 18, figs. 1-12; pi. 19, figs. 1, 2.— Billings, Geol. Mag., 5, 1868, pi. 4, ^. 3.— 
Hall and Whitfield, 24th Hep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1872, p. 183; 
G«)l. Surv. Ohio Pal., 2, 1875, p. 137, pi. 7, fig. 9.— WhMeld, GeoL Wiscon- 
sin, 4, 1882, p. 288, pi. 17, figs. 4-9.— ChamberUn, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, 
p. 192.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 617, figs.— 
Nettebx>th, Kentucky Fossil Shells, Mem. Kentucky Geol. Surv., 1889, p. 60, 
pi. 33, fi^B. 15-17.— Hall and Cllurke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1895, p. 237, 



952 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Pentamenis oblongus — (Continued. 

figs. 16^171; pi. 67, fig. 20; pi. 68, figs. 1-6; pL 69, figs. 1, 4-7, 13, 14; pi. TO, 
figs. 1-4.— Whiteavee, Pal. Fobs. Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 63. — 
Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 190, fig. 103; Bull. New York 
State MuB., 45, 1901, p. 190, fig. 103.— Foerete, Bull. Kentucky Geol. Surv., 
7, 1906, p. 323, pi. 1, fig. 2.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossilfl, 1, 1907, 
p. 275, fig. 344. 

PentameruB beaumonti Castelnau, Essai Syet. Sil. TAmer. Septent., 1843, p. 38, 
pi. 13, fig. 9. 

Niagaran: England; New York (Walcott); Ohio (Dayton and Springfield); 
Indiana; Kentucky (Louisville); lUinoiB; Wisconsin; Iowa; Ontario; Anti- 
costi, etc. 

PUdotypes,— Cut. No. 51310, U.S.N.M. (Netteboth). 

Pentamerus oblongus blslnuatus (McChesney). 

Pentamerus bisinuatus McCheeney, New Pal. Foss., Extr. No. 2, 1861, p. 85; 

Illus. New Species Foes., 1865, pi. 9, figs, la-b.— Whitfield, Geol. Wisconsin, 

4, 1882, p. 290, pi. 17, fig. 3. 
Pentamerus oblongus var. bisinuatus Hall, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, fasc. 2, 1893, 

pp. 238 and 239.— Whiteavee, Pal. Foee., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, 

p. 64. 
Niagaran: Milwaukee, Cato, and Wauwatoea, Wisconsin (Bacine, Waukesha); 

Durham, Ontario (Guelph). 

Pentamerus oblongus compressus Kindle and Breger. 

Pentamerus oblongus var. compreesa Kindle and Br^fer, 28th Ann. Bep. Dep. 

GeoUNat. Ties. Indiana, 1904, p. 437, pi. 7, figs. 1-5. 
Niagaran: Delphi, Indiana. • 

Pentamerus oblongus corrugstus Weller and Davidson. 

Pentamerus oblongus var. corrugatus Weller and Davidson, Jour. Geol., 4, 1896, 

p. 171, pi. 7, figs. 1-4. 
Niagaran: Jones Coimty, Iowa. 

Pentamerus oblongus cyllndrlous Hall and Whitfield. 

Pentamerus oblongus var. cylindrica Hall and Whitfield, 24th Rep. New York 
State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1872, p. 183; 27th Rep., ibid., 1875, pi. 10, figs. 13, 
14.— Nettelroth, Kentucky Fossil Shells, Mem. Kentucky Geol. Surv., 1889, 
p. 61, pi. 30, figs. 2-4.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1893, p. 23J, 
^. 172; pi. 68, figs. 7, 8; pi. 69, figs. 11, 12.— Kindle and Breger, 28th Ann. 
Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1904, p. 436, pi. 6, figs. 6-10; pi. 7, fig. 6.— 
Grabau and Sliimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 276. 

Niagaran: Louisville, Kentucky (Louisville); Delphi, Indiana. 

Ptoiofype.— Cat. No. 51311, U.S.N.M. 

Pentamerus oblongus maquoketa Hall and Clarke. 

Pentamerus oblongus (partim) Whitfield, Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, pp. 288, 291, 

pi. 17, figs. 8, 9. 
Pentamerus oblongus var. maquoketa Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 

1893, p. 239, pi. 67, figs. 11-13; 48th Rep. New York State Mus., 2, for 1895, 

1897, p. 368, pi. 11, figs. 12-14; 14th Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 

1897, p. 368, pi. 11, figs. 12-14. 
Niagaran: Ashford, Wisconsin; near Dubuque and Hopkinton, Iowa. 



BIBUOGBAPHIC LIST OF OBNEBA AND SPECIES. 953 

Bntaaienis oUongus subreetus Hall and Clarke. 

PMituneras oblongus var. eubrectus Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 
1893, pp. 238, 239, pi. 68, figs. 2, 3, 8-10; pi. 70, ^g. 5; 48th Rep. New York 
SUte Hub., 2, for 1895, 1897, p. 368, pi. 12, figs. 1-6; 14th Rep. State Geol. 
New y<Hrk for 1894, 1897, p. 368, pi. 12, figs. 1-6.— Orabau and Shimer, N. A. 
Index FoBBils, 1, 1907, p. 275. 
Nkgann: Earlyille, Iowa. 

TmsFTAXKRxm oociDBMTAUS Hall. See Conchidium occidentale. 

Fmtamems oteUs Hall. 

P^tamenifl ovalis Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 103, pi. 31, fig. 1.— Foerste 

Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 24, 1890, p. 324, pi. 5, figs. 17, 18. 
Clinton: New Hartford, Oneida County, New York; Cumberland Gap, Tennessee; 

CoUinsville, Alid)ama. 

taitsmeros parmlus- Savage. 

Pentamerus parvulus Savage, Bull. Creol. Surv. Illinoifl, 23, 1913, p. 78, pi. 5, figs. 

18-21. 
Upper Medinan (Edgewood— Noix): Near Louiaiana and ClarksviUe, Missouri; 

Hambuig, Hlinois. 

Pmtameras pergibbosus Hall and Whitfield. 

P^itamerus peigibbosus Hall and Whitfield, Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 139, pi. 7, 

figs. 10, 11.— Nettelroth, Kentucky Fossil Shells, Mem. Kentucky Geol. 

Surv., 1889, p. 162.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1893, p. 239, 

pi. 67, figs. 10, 14-19.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, 

p. 618, figs. 
Xiagaian: Greenfield, Ohio; LouiBville, Kentucky; Wisconsin. 
Pknotype.—CtLt. No. 51355, U.S.N .M. 

pBntomems pesoyts Whitfield. 

Praitamerus pesovis Whitfield, Ann. New York Acad. Scl., 2, 1882, p. 195; 5, 
1891, p. 513, pi. 5, figs. 11-22; Geol. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 414, pi. 1, figs. 18-22.— 
Sherzer, Michigan Geol. Surv., 7, pt. 1, 1900, p. 224, pi. 17, figs. 18-22.— 
Grabau, Michigan Geol. Surv., Geol., Ist ser., 1909, p. 127, pi. 30, figef. 18-22. 

Lower Monroon (Greenfield?): Adams Coimty, Ohio. 

Pextamxrub REVBBaus Billings. See Parastrophia reversa. 

PinTAnKUS 8IHILIOR Hall. See Spirifer? similior. 

PufTAinBRVs TRisiNUATTJS McChesuey. See Meristina trisinuata. 

PxirtAMEBUs UNiPLiCATUS Nettolroth. See Gypidula uniplicata. 

PxKTAMBBUS YENTBicosA Hall. See Clorinda ventricoea. 

PxMTAJCOBioN Barrande. See Pentameroceras Hyatt. 

PsNTATRSMATiTBS RsiKWARDTn RoemoT. Soo Troostocnuus reinwardti. 

PxMTBXMiTKS REiNWABDTn Troost. Soo Troostocrinus reinwardti. 

PEMTRKMirEB 8XTBCTIJNDRICA Hall and Whitfield. See Troostocrinus subcylindrlca. 

PxsiscBOCRiNrrES Austin. See Periechocrinus Austin. 

raEIECHOCMNUS Austin. Genotype: Actinocrinus moniliformis J. S. Miller. 
Periechocrinites Austin, Ann. Mag. Nat Hist., 10, 1842, p. 109; ibid., 11, 1843, 
p. 203. 



954 BULLETIN 9Z, UNITED STATB8 NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PEEIECHOCRINUS— Ck)ntmued. 

GeocrinuB D'Orbigny, Prodr. de Pal., 1, 1849, p. 46. (Genotype: Actmocrinites 
monilifomuB Phillips.) 

Periechocrmiia McCoy, Syn. Brituh Pal. Foes., 1855, p. 56.— Pictet, Tndte de 
Pal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 323.— Dujardin and Hupe, Hist Natur. dos Zooph. 
Echin., 1862, p. 137.— Salter, Gat. Camb. Sil. Foai., 1873, p. 121.— Angelin, 
Icon. Ciinoid., 1878, p. 6.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 369.— Wacfaamutli 
and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Philadelphia, 1881, p. 270, 301 (Rev. 
Pal., pt. 2, pp. 96, 127); 1886, p. 328.— Keyes, Miasouri Geol. Surv., 4, far 
1894, 1895, p? 154.— Wachfimuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. ZoclL, 
Harvard, 20, 1897, p. 519.— Bather, Treatise on Zool., pt. 3, Echinoderma, 
London, 1900, pp. 166, 168.— Weller, Chicago Acad. Sd., Nat. Hist. Surv, 
Bull. 4, pt. 1, 1900, p. 36, fig. 24; p. 129, text fig. 49.— Wachsmuth, Zittel- 
Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 144.— Zittel, Grundzuge Pal., 1, 1910, p. 
158.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index FoesilB, 2, 1910, p. 536.— Springer, 
Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 194. 

Trochocrinites Portlock, Geol. Londonderry, 1848, p. 345. 

Saccocrinufl Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 205.— Pictet, Traite de Pal., 2d ed., 
4, 1857, p. 323.— Roemer, Sil. Fauna West. Tennessee, Breslau, 1860, p. 44. — 
Meek and Worthen, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 3, 1868, p. 347; Proc. Acad. Nat ScL 
Philadelphia, 1869, p. 165; Geol. Surv. IlHnois, 5, 1873, p. 894; also p. 395. — 
Hall, 28th Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 1879, lev. ed., p. 127.— 
Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 369.— Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 
4, 1881, pp. 166, 167; N. A. Creol. Pal., 1889, p. 278.— Springer, Zittel-Eastmao 
Textb. Pal., 1, 1913, p. 194. (Genotype: S. spedosus Hall.) 

CrumensBcrinitesTroost, Amer. Jour. Sd. Arts, 2d ser., 8, 1849, p. 420 (nom. nud.). 

Pbbibchocbinus cmcAOOENSis Weller. See Habrocrinus benedicti. 

Peribchocbinus CHBism Hall. See Periechocrinus whitfieldi. 

Perieehocrlnus dublus Wood. 

Actinocrinites tennesseeae (part) Troost, MS., 1850. 

Gilbertsociinites(7) dubius Troost, MS., 1850. 

Sacdboinus spedosus Roemer (not Hall, 1852), SiL Fauna West Tennessee, 1860, 

p. 42, pi. 3, figs. 3arc. 
Periechocrinus spedosus (part) Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Gomp. 

Zool., Harvard, 20, 1897, p. 521. 
Periechocrinus dubius Wood, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 64, 1909, p. 77. 
Niagaran (Brownsport): Peny and Decatur 0>unties, Tennessee. 
Cotype8,-<iat. No. 39967, U.S.N Jf . 

Perieehocrlnus eganl (Miller). 

Saccocrinus eganl Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 4, 1881, p. 173, pi. 4, 

figs. 4, 4a. 
Periechocrinus ^gani Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. ScL Philaddiphia, 

1885, p. 328 (Rev. Pal., pt. 3, sec. 1, p. 106).— Weller, Bull. Chicago Acad. 

Sd., Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 1, 1900, pp. 130, 136, pi. 13, fig. 9. 
Niagaran (Racine): Cicero and Bridgeport, Illinois. 

Perieehocrlnus gorbyi (Miller). 

Saccocrinus gorbyi Miller, 17th Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1892, p. 

667, pi. 9, fig. 2, 3 (adv. sheets, 1891, p. 57). 
Niagaran (Brownsport): Adams, Decatur County, Tennessee. 

PsBiBGHOORmus BOWABDi Wachsmuth and Springer. See Habrocrinus howardi. 



BIBUOQBAPHIC LIST OF QBNEBA AKD SPECIES. 955 

taieeliocTliiiis Infellx (Winchell and Marcy). 

Megistocrinus infelix Winchell and Marcy, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1865, 
p. 110, pi. 2, fig. 7, 

Saccocrmus infelix Meek and Worthen, Geol. Sunr. lUinois, 2, 1866, p. 210, foot- 
note (gen. ref.).— MlUer, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Eilst, 4, 1881, p. 260, 
pi. 6, figs. 2, 2a, 2b. 

Saccocriniii! (MeglstocrlnuB) inflexus Meek and Worthen, Geol. Surv. lUinols, 3, 
1868, p. 349. 

Periechocrinus infelix Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard 
(N, A. Crin. Cam.), 21, 1897, p. 525, pi. 50, fig. 2a-d.— Weller, Bull. Chicago 
Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 1, 1900, p. 134, pi. 13, figs. 1, 2. 

Nlagaran (Racine): Bridgeport and Romeo, Illinois. 

Pnleehoertiius marcouanus (Winchell and Marcy). 

Megistocrinus Marcouanus Winchell and Marcy, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 

1865, p. 87, fig., pi. 2, fig. 5. 
Saccociinus Marcouanus Meek and Worthen, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 2, 1866, p. 210, 

footnote (gen. ref.). — ^Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 4, 1881, p. 167, 

pi. 4, figs. 1, la. 
Periechocrinus marcouanus Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 

Harvard, 21, 1897, p. 523, pi. 50, figs. 7a-b; pi. 51, fig. 5.— Weller, Bull. 

Oiicago Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. I, 1900, pp. 130, 131, pi. 12, figs. 

2-4.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 536. 
Nii^aran (Racine): Bridgeport, Lemont, and Joliet, Illinois. 

FeiieehocTlnas necls (Winchell and Marcy). 

Megistocrinus necis Winchell and Marcy, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1865, 
p. 110, pi. 2, fig. 6. 

Saccocrinus necis Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 4, 1881, p. 172, pi. 4, 
figs. 3, 3a. 

Periechocrinus necis Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel- 
phia, 1885, p. 328 (Rev. Pal., pt. 3, sec. 1, p. 106); Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 
Harvard (N. A. Crin. Cam.), 21, 1897, p. 524, pi. 50, ^, 1, a, b.— Weller, Bull, 
(^jicago Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 1, 1900, pp. 130, 133, pi. 13, figs. 
5,6. 

Niagaran (Racine): Bridgeport, Hawthorne, and Cicero, Illinois. 

PMeehoerlnus omatus (Hall and Whitfield). 

Saccocrinus omatus Hall and Whitfield, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 2, 1875, p. 126, 
pi. 6, figs. 7-9.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1890, p. 917, 
figs. 

Periechocrinus omatus Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila- 
delphia, 1881, p. 306 (Rev. Pal., pt. 2, p. 132); Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 
Harvard, 21, 1897, p. 527, pi. 50, figs. 3a, b; pi. 51, fig. 7. 

Periechocrinus (Saccocrinus) omatus Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 
1910, p. 537, ^. 1865. 

Habrocrinus omatus Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 
1890, p. 368.— Slocom, Field Columbian Mus., Geol., 2d ser., 190B, p. 296. 

Niagaran: Yellow Springs, Ohio; St. Paul, Indiana (lAurel). 

Pbrischocrinus sxmibadiatus Wachsmuth and Springer. See Macrostylocrinus 
semiradiatus. 

Pbrischocrinus speciosus Wachsmuth and Springer (part). See Periechocrinus 
dubiuB. 

84243**— Bull. 92— vol 2—15 16 



956 BULLBTIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSBXTM. 

Periechocrinus speclosus (Hall). 

SacdocrinuB speciosos Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 205, pi. 46, fig^. lA-n, 2. 
Actinocrinufl (Saccocrinus) flpeciosus Hall, Trans. Albany Inst., 4, 1864, p. 197. 
Periechocrinus speciosus Wachsmnth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. FhUi^ 
delphia, 1881, p. 307 (Rev. Pal., pt. 2, p. 133); Mem. Mns. Oomp. 2So<^., 
Harvard, 21, 1897, p. 621, pi. 60, fig. 6. 
Nlagann (Lockport): Lockport, New York. 

Periechoerinus tennesseensls (Hall). 

Cnimensecrinites ovalis Troost, Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sd., 2, 1860, p. 62 (nom. 

nud.). 
Actinocrinites tenneeseeae (part) Troost MS. 
Saccocriniu tennesseensis Hall and Whitfield, Geol. Surv. Ohio, P^.,2, 1875, p. 

126, pi. 6, fig. 10.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1890, p. 917, Bg. 
Periechocrinus tennesseensis Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 

Harvard, 21, 1897, p. 628, pi. 1, fig. 4.— Foerste, Jour. Geol., 11, 1903, p. 712. — 

Wood, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 64, 1909, p. 76, pi. 6, fig. 10. 
Periechocrinus (Saccocrinus) tenneeseensis Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 

Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 637, fig. 1866. 
Niagaran: Perry and Decatur Gounties, Tennessee (Brownsport); Yellow Springs, 

Ohio. 
Plenatypes.—K^&t. Nos. 39915 and 39916, UJS.N.M. (Troost's types of G. ovalis 

and A. tennesseeae.) 

Periechocrinus umbrosus (Miller and Ghnley). 

Saccocrinus mnbrosus Miller and Gurley, Bull. 6, Hlinois State Mus. Nat. Hist., 

1895, p. 24, pi. 2, figs. 13, 14. 
Niagaran (Laurel?): St. Paul, Indiana. 

Periechocrinus umiformls (Miller). 

Saccocrinus umiformis Mill^, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 4, 1881, p. 170, 
pi. 4, figs. 2, 2a. 

Periechocrinus umiformis Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Phila- 
delphia^ 1885, p. 328 (Rev. Pal., pt. 3, sec. 1, p. 106); Mem. Mus. Comp. 
Zool. Harvard, 21, 1897, p. 526, pi. 60, figs. 5a, b.— Weller, Bull. Chicago 
Acad. Sci. Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 1, 1900, pp. 130, 136, pi. 12, fig. 1; pi. 13, 
figs. 3, 4. 

Saccocrinus pyriformis Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p.. 81, 
pi. 3, figs. 3, 3a. 

Periechocrinus pyriformis Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. FbUa- 
delphia, 1886, p. 328 (Rev. Pal., pt. 3, sec. 1, p. 106). 

Niagaran (Racine): Bridgeport and Cicero, Illinois. 

Periechocrinus whitfleldl (Hall). 

ActinocrinuB Chrlstyi Hall (not Shumard, 1865), Trans. Albany Inst., 4, 1863; 
p. 196. 

Megistocrinus christyi Winchell and Marcy, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1865, 
p. 89. 

Saccocrinus Christyi Meek and Worthen, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 3, 1868, p. 347, 
pi. 5, fig. ] .—Hall, 28th Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., doc. ed., 1877, 
pi. 13, figs. 12-20; mus. ed., 1879, p. 127, pi. 13, figs. 12-20; 11th Ann. Eep. 
Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 264, pi. 12, figs. 12-20; pi. 15, figs. 
3, 4.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 278, fig. 422.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. 
Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1890, p. 916, figs. 

Periechocrinus christyi Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila- 
delphia, 1881, p. 306 (Rev. Pal., pt. 2, p. 132).— Grabau and ghimer, N. A. 
Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 536. 



BIBIJOOBAPHIC USX OF GBNSBA AND SPBCIE8. 957 

Ferieehoeiiniis whltlMdl— Continued. 

Actinocrmiia (Saccocrmus) Whitfieldi Hall, 20tli Bep. New Yodk State Ckb. Nat. 
Hist, (extras, 1865), 1868, pp. 326, 381; rev. ed., 1870, pp. 370, 430. 

ActmocriniM WhMddi Shnmaid, Trans. Acad. 8ci. 8t. Louis, 2, 1866, p. 350. 

Feriechocriniifl "vdiitfieldi Wachsmuth and Springer, lAem, Mas. Oomp. Zool. 
Hanraid, 21, 1887, p. 5^, pi. 51, figs. 1-4. 

ActinocrinuB waldnmensisSliiunaid, Tnms. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 2, 1866, pp. 343, 
350, footnote. (Proposed in place of A. chiistyi, 1863. OaiK^ed in note, 
p. 350.) 

Saccocrinus sacculus Meek and Worthen, Geol. Snnr. Illinois, 3, 1868, p. 348. 
(Proposed in case Chicago specimens should be different.) 

Niagaxan: Waldron, Indiana, and Newsom, Tennessee (Wald^); Chicago, Illi- 
nois (Badne). 

PBRIGLTPTOCSINUS Wadumuth and S]ninger. 

Oenot^rpe: P. biUingsi Wadismnth and Springer. 
Periglyptocrinus Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard, 20, 
1387, p. 277.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1810, p. 552.— 
Springer, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pd., 2d ed., 1813, p. 180. 

Ferl^iTptoeitiiiui bfllingst Wachsmuth and Springer. 

Peri^yptocrinus Billingsi Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mas. Comp. Zool. 

Harvard, 20, 1887, p. 277, pi. 21, fig. la, b.— Springer, Geol. Surv. Canada, 

lAem, 15P, 1811, p. 11 (loc. occ.). 
Glyptocrinas billingsi Miller, 2d App., N. A. Geol. P^., 1887, p. 746. 
Trenton (Cuxdsville): Ottawa and Kirkfield, Ontario. 

Pierigljrptoeilniis priaeus (Billings). 

Glyptocrinus priscus Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. 1853-1856, 1857, 
p. 257; Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 4, 1858, p. 56, pi. 7, figs, la-lf.— Miller, 
Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 6, 1883, p. 225. 

Ptychocrinus priscus Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila- 
delphia, 1886, p. 301. (Rev. Pal., pt. 3, p. 225.) 

Periglyptocrinus priscus Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. Har- 
vard, 20, 1887, p. 278, pi. 21, fig. 2.— Parks, Ottawa NatnnOist, 23, 1808, pp. 
153-155, pi. 3.-<}rabau and l^umer, N. A. Index Eossils, 2, 1810, p. 552.— 
Springer, Geol. Surv. Canada, Mem. 15P, 1811, p. 11 (loc. occ). 

Trenton (Curdsville): Renfrew County, Kirkfield, and Balsam Lake, Ontario. 

PsBiPLOMA piANULiLTA D'Orbiguy. Soo ClldophoTUS plauulatus. 

Pbbohopoba (part) Nicholson. See Atactoporella UMdi and Monticullpoia 
D'Orbigny. 

FBEONOPORA Nicholson. Crenotype: Monticulipora frondosa Nicholson (not 
I>'0rbigny)aCh8etete8 decipiens Rominger. 
Perooopcia Nidiolson, Genus Monticulipora, 1881, pp. 102, 215.^Ulrich, Jour. 
Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 153. — ^Roemer, Leth. geog., pt. 1, Leth. 
Pal., 1883, p. 472.>-Waagen and Wentzel, P^. Indica, 13th Ser., 1886, p. 
875.>-niridi, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1880, p. 370.— Zittel's Textb. Pal. (Engl, 
ed.), 1886, p. 104.— Ulrich, ibid., p. 272.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 
1887, p. 728.— Nickles and Batsler, BuU. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1800, p. 28.— 
Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1808, p. 752.— Bassler, 
Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1813, p. 332. 



958 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

P^ronopors compresss (Ulrich). 

Chsetetes compreasus Ulrich, Jour. Cinciiuiati Soc. Nat. Hiat., 2, 1879, p. 27» pi. 7, 

figs. 25-25b. 
PeroQopom compreBsa Ulrich, ibid., 5, 1882, p. 244. — ^Nickles and Baader, BolL 

U. 8. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 344. 
Montlculipora compreasa J. F. Jamea, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hiafe., 18, 1894, 

p. 75. 
Peronopofa uniformli Ulrich, ibid., 6, 1882, p. 244, pi. 10, figa. 8, 8a. 
Montlculipora uniformia J. F. Jamea, ibid., 18, 1895, p. 76. 
Mayaville (McMillan): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
CoQ^pea.— Cat. No. 43694, U.S.N .M. 

Peronopors decipiens (Rominger). 

Chaetetee decipiena Rominger, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1866, p. 116. 
Peronopora decipiena Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hiat, 5, 1882, p. 244. — 

Nicklee and Baaaler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 344.-<luminga, 

Amer. Geol., 29, 1902, pi. 12, ^. 3. 
Chcetetee irondosua Nicholaon (not D'Orbigny), Quart. Jour. Qeol, Soc. Lond<m, 

30, 1874, p. 506, pi. 30, figa. 2>2b; Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 208, pi. 22, figa. 1-lb; 

Ann. Mag. Nat. Hiat., 4th aer., 18, 1876, p. 91, pi. 5, ^. 11, 11a.— <^enatedt» 

Roehren- und Stemkorallen, 1881, p. 73, pi. 146, figa. 3-5 (not 8). 
McmticuKpara (Peronopora) irondoaa Nicholaon, Genua MontlcuHpora, 1881, p. 

216, figs. 46, 47, pi. 4, 4a, 5, 5a.— Jamea and Jamea, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. 

Hiat, 11, 1888, p. 17.— Jamea, ibid., 18, 1895, p. 72. 
Ptilodictya pavonla Boule and Thevenin, Ann. de Fal., 1, faac. 1, 1906, p. 5, pi. 2, 

figB. 2-4. 
Peronopora pavonla Cuminga, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Ree. Indiana, 1906, 

p. 866, pi. 22, figa. 1-lc; pi. 31, figa. 4, 4a. 
Mayaville and Richmond: Madiaon and other localitiea in Indiana; Ohio; Ken- 
tucky; Tenneaaee; Illinoia. 
Obaervation. — ^Boule and Thevenin in refigunng D'Orbigny'a ao-called typea 
of Ptilodictya pavonla have paid no attention to D'Orbigny'a original deecription 
which clearly refers to an Eacharopora, or to Edwarda and Haime'a work. 

Peronopors mOlert Nicklea. 

Peronopora milleri Nicklea, Bull. Kentucky Geol. Surv., No. 5, 1905, p. 43, pL 1, 

fig. 6. 
Trenton (C3mthiana): Lexington, etc., Kentucky. 

Peronopoba pavonia Ciuninga. See Peronopora decipiena. 

PsBOKOPORA. UNifOBMis TJlrich. See Peronopora compreaaa. 

Peronopora vera Ulrich. 

Peronopora vera Ulrich, Amer. Geol., 2, 1888, p. 40. — ^Nicklea and Baader, Bull. 
U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 345.— Nicklee, Bull. Kentucky Geol. Surv., 
No. 5, 1905, p. 46, pi. 2, ^, 1.— Cuminga, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Rea. 
Indiana, 1908, p. 867, pi. 22, figa. 2-2b; pi. 31, fig. 5. 

Eden and Mayaville (Fairview): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

Cotypes.^OaX, No. 43943, U.S.N Jf. 

Pebonopobblla. Ciuninga and Galloway. See Homoirypella Ulrich. 

PEBONOSPORITES Smith. Genotype: P. antiquariua Smith. 

Peronoaporitee Smith, Crardenera' Chronicle, n. a., 8, 1877, p. 499. 



BIBUOQRAPHIC LIST OF QENEBA AND SPECIES. 959 

PlHonoeporltM globosus Loomis. 

Pcronoflpodtes globosus Loomis, Bull. New York State Mus., 39, 1900, p. 225, pi. 

16, fig. 4. 
Clinton (Wolcott): Rocheeter, New York. 

BeroniMporltM mlnutus Loomis. 

FtsQDoepantdB minutos Loomis, Bull. New York State Mus., 39, 1900, p. 225, pi. 

16, figs. 5, 6. 
Clinton (WokoU): Rochester, New York. 

fiBfoniMporites ramosus Loomis. 

Pcrono^xnites lamosos Loomis, Bull. New York State Mus., 39, 1900, p. 225, pi. 

16, ^. 1-3. 
CSintcHX (Wolcott): Rochester, New York. 

PRAXICHNUS Miller. Genotype: P. multipartitus Miller. 

Petalichnus Miller,. Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Htst., 2, 1880, pp. 221, 222; N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 452. 

FitaBeluiii8 mnltipartttus Miller. 

PetaKchnus multipartitus Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 2, 1880, p. 222, 

pi. 14, ^, 2. 
Eden (Ecomnny): Walker Mill Road, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

PRALOCRINUS Weller and Davidson. 

Genotype: P. mirabilis Weller and Davidson. 
Petalocrinus Weller and Davidson, Jour. Geol., 4, 1896, p. 167.— Weller, Jour, 
Geol., 6, 1898, p. 700.— Bather, Geol. Mag., dec. 4, 5, 1898, p. 284.— Weller, 
Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist, Surv., 4, pt. 1, 1900, p. 20.— Bather, * 
Treatise onZool., pt. 3, Echinoderma, London, 1900, p. 175, fig. 91. — Springer, 
Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 216. 

Fitaloeriiias Inferior Bather. 

Petalociinus inferior Bather, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 1899, pp. 54, 426, pi. 

26, fig. 57; fig. 10. 
Niagaran: Near Monticello, Jones County, Iowa. 

PMaloerinus longus Bather. 

Petalocrinus longus Bather, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 1898, pp. 54, 431, pi. 

26, ficp. 58-65; figs. 11, 12, p. 432. 
Niagaran (Laurel): St. Paul, Indiana. 

Fetaloerlna8(f) major Weller and Davidson. 

Petalocrinus(?) major Weller and Davidson, Jour. Geol., 4, 1896, p. 170, pi. 6, fig. 1. 
Niagaran: Jones County, Iowa. 

Fetaloerinas mirabilis Weller and Davidson. 

Petalocrinus mirabilis Weller and Davidson, Jour. Geol., 4, 1896, p. 167, figs. 1, 2, 
pi. 6, figs. 2-5.— Weller, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 1, 
1900, p. 19, fig. 4. — ^Bather, Treatise on Zool., pt. 3^ Echinoderma, London, 
1900, p. 175, fig. 91. 

Niagaran: Jones County, Iowa. 

PETIGOPOBA XJlrich. Genotype: P. gregaria ULrich. 

Petigop(»a Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 155; Contr. Micio- 

PiJ. Cambro-Sil., pt. 2, 1889, p. 34.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 314.— 

Uhich, Geol. Surv. lUuiois, 8, 1890, p. 372; ZittePs Textb. Pal. (Engl, ed.), 

1896, p. 274.— Simpson, 14th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New Yoric for 1894, 1897, 



960 BXJLL£TIlf( ^, UNITBD STATES NATIONAL MUSBUH. 

PBTIOOPOEA— Continued. 

p. 563.— Nicklee and Baaaler, Bull. XT. 8. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 31. — 
Ulrich and Baaaler, Smiths. Misc. Coll., Quart., 47, 1904, pp. 24, 32.— Oumfngw, 
32d Ann. Rep. Bep. Qed. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 752. 

P^Ugopora aspernla Ulrich. 

Petigopont a§perula Uhich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 6, 1S88, p. 157, pi. 6, 

figs. 4-4c; 14th Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. Hiat. Sur. Minnesota, 1886, p. 130. — 

Nickles and Baader, Bull. U. 8. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 345.— Cuminga. 

32d Ann. Rep. Dept. Geol. Nat. Ree. Indiana, 1908, p. 868, pi. 22, figi. 3-3c. 
Monticulipora wetherbyi var. asperula James and James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. 

Nat Hist., 11, 1888, p. 24. 
Monticulipora asperula J. F. James, ibid., 18, 1895, p. 81. 
Petlgopora gr^garia (part) Simpson, 14th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 

1894, 1897, fig. 129 (part) (p. 564). 
Maysville (BeUevue): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
Cb^pet.— Cat. No. 43699, U.S.N.M. 

P^Ugopora gregaria Ulrich. 

Petlgopora gregaria Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist, 6, 1883, p. 155, pi. 7, 

figs. 3-3c.^J. F. James, ibid., 18, 1896, p. 124.— Simpson, 14th Ann. Rep. 

State Geol. Nev Yoit for 1894, 1897, fig. 129 (part) (p. 564).— Cumings. 

32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 869, pi. 22, figs. 4, 4c. 
Maysville (Fairmount— Conyville): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
Cb^pet.— Cat No. 43700, U.S.N.M. 

Pbtioopora. orxoaria (part) Simpson. See Petigopora asperula. 

Petlgopora oUaUm Ulrich and Bassler. 

Petigopora offula IHrich and Bassler, Smiths. Misc. Coll., Quart., 47, 1904, p. 32. 
Richmond (Amheim): Middletown, Lebanon, etc., Ohio. 
Cb^pei.— Cat No. 43194, U.S.N.M. 

Petlgopora peteehlails (Nicholson). 

Chfletetes petechialis Nicholson, Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 213, pi. 22, figs. 5, 5a. 
Petigopora petechialb Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist, 6, 18889 p. 156; 

14th Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat Hist. Sur. Minnesota, 1886, p. 103.— Miller, N. A. 

Geol. Pal., 1889, fig. 496 (p. 314).— Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. 

Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 870, pi. 22, figs. 5, 5a. 
Monticulipora petechialis James and James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 11, 

1888, p. 24.— J. F. James, ibid., 18, 1895, p. 85. 
Maysville: Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

Petlgopora aeabiosa Ulrich. 

Petigopora scabiosa Uhrich, Contr. Micro-P^. Cambro Sil., pt. 2, 1889, p. 84.— 

Whiteaves, Pal. Fobs., 3, 1897, p. 116. 
Richmond (Stony Mountain): Stony Mountain, Manitoba. 

PBTIGURUS Raymond. Genotype: Bathyurus nero Billings. 

Petigurus Raymond, Bull. Victoria Mem. Mus., 1, 1913, p. 58. 

Petigiums ejbele (Billings). 

Bathyurus Oybele Billings, Canadian Nat (}eol., 4, 1859, p. 366, ^. 12c; Ged. 

Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 122, fig. 43; Pal. Fosb., 1, Geol. Surv. 

Canada, 1865, p. 353, fig. 341c. 
Petigurus cybele Raymond, Bull. Victoria Mem. Mus., 1, 1918, p. 59. 



BIBUOOBAPHIO LIST OF GBNBBA AlH) SPECIB8. 961 

P^Ugnnis eybele— Oantinued. 

Canadian: Mingan Islands, Beauhamois, and countiee of Leeds and Grenville, 
Canada; Orwell, Vermont, and Comstocks Landing, New York (Beekman- 
town). 

Pet^amsf dUptteua (Cleland). 

Bathynrus ellipticus Cleland, Bull. Amer. Fftl., 3, 1900, p. 129 (257), pi. 16, figs. 

5, 6; ibid., 4, 1903, p. 11, pi. 3, ^. 3. 
Canadian (Little FaUs): Near Fort Hunter, New YoriE. 

Fetl^ums nero (Billings). 

Bathyurus Nero Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, C^l. 8urv. Canada, 1865, p. 260, fig. 
243»-d. 

Petigurus nero Raymond, Bull. Victoria Memorial Mus., 1, 1913, p. 59, pi. 7, fig. 8. 

Canadian (Quebec — ^F-N): Keppel Island, Plstolet Bay, Table Head, etc., New- 
foundland. 

Pktraia Zittel. See Streptelasma Hall. 

PxTRAiA OAUCULA Hall. See Enterolasma caliculum. 

PxTRAiA GANADBN8I8 BilUngs. See Streptelasma rusticum. 

PxTRAiA rANNiNOANA Safiford. See Ditoechoksma fanningana. 

PsTRAiA MIN0ANBN8I8 Billlngs. See Ardueoecyphia minganensls. 

PsTRAiA orrAWAXNsis BUlings. See Streptelasma comiculum. 

Pktraia pulchxlla Billings. See Streptelasma selectum. 

PxTRAiA FTOMAA Ytii. oociDBNTALis Whitoaves. Soo Streptelasma ocddentale. 

PxTRAiA Watnbnsis Safford. See Enterolasma waynense. 

nXBASTEB Billings. Genotype: Palaeasterina rigidus Billings. 

Petnster BilUngB, Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 3, 1858, p. 79.— Chapman, Canadian 
Jour., n. 8., 6, 1861, p. 517; Expos, liin. and GeoL Canada, 1864, p. 111. — 
Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Hist., 1868, p. 294; rev. ed. 1870, p. 
337.— Nicholson and Etheridge, Hon. Sil. Foes. Girvan Dist., 1880, p. 322.— 
Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 269.— James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 
18, 1895, pp. 126, 134.— Schuchert, Bull. XT. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 138. 
Palseaster (part) Zittel, Handb. P^., 1, 1879, p. 452. 

P«trasterf smerieanus (D'Orbigny). 

Foedl Asterias Giaham, Anthony and James, Ajner. Jour. ScL Arts, 2d ser., 1, 

1846, p. 441, fig. 
Ccelaster americanus D'Orbigny, Prod, de Pal., 1, 1849, p. 22. 
Asterias anthonii Dana, Manual GeoL, 1st ed., 1863, p. 221, fig. 
Palasterina jamesi Dana, Amer. Jour. Sd., 2d ser., 25, 1863, p. 295; Manual Geol., 

2d ed., 1864, p. 221, fig. 
Palaeaster jamesi Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868, footnote, 

p. 284; rev. ed. 1870, p. 329.— Meek, GeoL Surv. Ohio Pal., 1» 1873, p. 62, 

pi. 4, ^. 4.-^ame8, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 18, 1895, p. 127. 
Palaeaster (Palseasterina?) jamesi Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep., P 4, 

1889, p. 577, fig. 
Petnster(?) americanus Schuchert, in Freeh, Foes. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, 

p. 32; Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 146, pi. 26, fig. 2. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio. 



962 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Petra8ter(?) antiqua Shumard. See Palieaster antiquus. 
Petrastbr BELLULU8 BilllngB. See Mesopalseaflter bellulus. 
Pbtbastbr jambsi Schuchert. See Petiaster americanus. 

Petraster rigidus (Billings). 

Palseasterina rigidus Billings, Geol. Surv. Oanada, Rep. Progr. for 1853-1856, 1857, 
p. 291. 

Petraster rigidus Billings, Geol. Surv. Oanada, dec. 3, 1858, p. 80, pi. 10, fig. 3a. — 
Wright, Mon. British Fosb. Echinod., OoUtic, 2, pt. 1, 1862 (Pal. Soc. for 1861), 
p. 29.— Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868, p. 294; rev. 
ed., 1870, p. 337.— James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 18, 1895, p. 134. — 
Springer, Geol. Siu^. Canada, Mem., 15P, 1911, p. 46 (loc. occ). — Schuchert, 
in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., 1914, p. 32; Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, 
p. 141, pi. 27, fig. 5. 

Trenton (Curdsville): Ottawa and Kirkfield, Ontario. 

Pbtbastbr biqidus Billings (part). See Hudsonaster matutinus. 

Petraster speclosus (Miller and Dyer). 

Palseasterina specioea Miller and Dyer, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1878, 

p. 30, pi. 1, fig. 7.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 266, Gg. 381.— Cumings, 

32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 731, pi. 3, fig. 8. 
Petiaster speclosus Schuchert in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, p. 33; 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 142, pi. 23, fig. 6-7; pi. 26, fig. 1; pi. 27, 

figs. 1-4. 
Palseasterina approximata Miller and Dyer, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 

1878, p. 30, pi. 1, fig. 8. 
Richmond: Near Winchester, Ohio, and Richmond, Indiana. 

Pbtrasteb wilbbbanus Meek and Worthen. See Mesopalseaster wilberanus. 

PETRO CRANIA Raymond. Crenotype: Craniella meduanensis (Ehlert. 

Cramella (Ehlert (not Schmidt, 1870), Bull. Soc. £tudee Scientif. d'Angers, 1888, 
p. 37.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 7, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 153, 170.— Miller, 
N. A. Geol. Pal., 1st App., 1892, p. 687.— M^chell and Schuchert, Geol. 
Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 374.— Hall and Clarke, 11th Ann. Rep. New York State 
Geol., 1894, p. 262. — Huene, Verh. d. Ruas.-Kais. Mineral. Ges. zu St. 
Petersb., 2d ser., 36, 1899, pp. 297, 315; Neuee Jahrb. Min. Geol. Pal., 1, 1899, 
p. 147.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 6, 1899, p. 186.— Schuchert, 
Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 311. 

Petrocrania Ra3rmond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 7, 1911, p. 229. — Schuchert, Zittel- 
Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 378. 

Petrocrania? cUntonensls (Foerste). 

Craniella? clintonensis Foerste, Geol. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 565, pi. 37, figs. 3a, 3b. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Todds Fork, Ohio. 

Petrocrania prona Raymond. 

Crania prona Raymond, Ann Carnegie Mus., 3, 1906, p. 594; 7, 1911, p. 229, 

pi. 34, figs. 26-31. 
Chazyan: Valcour Island and Chazy (Valcour), New Yoik. 

Petrocrania ulriehi (Hall and Clarke). 

Craniella uMchi Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 153, 181, pi. 
4, figs. 1, 2; 48th Rep. New York State Mus., 2, for 1895, 1897, p. 336, pi. 3, 
figs. 15, 16; 14th Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 336, pi. 3, figs. 
15, 16.— Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 375, pi. 29, 
figs. 38, 39. 



BIBUOGBAPHIC LIST OF QBNEBA AKD SPECIES. 963 

VetrocrftBla iililehl--Ck>ntmued. 

Petrocnnia ulrichi Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 7, 1911, p. 230 (gen. ref.). 
Crania haUi Sardeson, Bull. Minnesota Acad. Nat. ScL, 3, 1892, p. 328, pi. 4, figs. 

a-10. 
Black River (Decoiah) and Trenton (ProeBer): Minneapolis, St. Paul, Fountain, 

etc, Minnesota. 

raACSLOPORA Ulrich. Genotype: P. pertenuis Ulrich. 

FhaceloporaXJliich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 368.— (Ulrich, in press), Miller, 
N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 314.— Pocta, Syst. Sil. Centre Boheme, 8, pt. 1, 
1894, p. 16.— Simpson, 14th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, 
p. 600.— Nicklee and Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 22.— 
Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 121. 

lliacek>poi» constricta Ulrich. 

PbacelopoTa constricta Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 406, pi. 29, fig: 2.— 
Simpeon, 14th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, fig. 209 (p. 
600).— Nicklee and Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 346. 
TrenUm: Buigin, Kentucky. 

Obaervation. — ^Now regarded as the interior cast of some undetermined species 
of Helopora or Arthroclema. 
floto^pe,— Cat No. 43271, U.S.N .M. 

naeelopoim pertennls Ubich. 

niaceloporapertenuis Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 406, pi. 29, figs. 1-lc. — 

Keyes, Missouri Greol. Surv., 5, 1894, p. 13, pi. 33, fig. 3. — Simpson, 14th Ann. 

Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, figs. 207, 208 (p. 600).— Grabau and 

Shimer, N. A. Index FossUb, 1, 1907, p. 121, fig. 178i. 
Upper Medinan (Girardeau): Thebes, Illinois. 
Richmond (English Head): Island of Anticosti. 
Ci>^p«t.-€at. No. 43272, U.S.N.M. 

JPHACOPIDBLLA Reed. Genotype: Phacops glockeri Barrande. 

Acaste Goldfuss (not Leach, 1811), Neues Jahrb. Min., etc., 1843, pp. 541, 563.— 
Salter, Mem. Geol. Surv. U. King., dec. 7, 1853, pi. 1; Mon. British Tril., 
Pal. Soc., 1864, p. 14.— Schmidt, Mem. TAcad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersb., 7th 
ser., 30, 1881, pp. 61, 67.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1885, p. 614.— Vogdes, Cal. 
Acad. Sci., Occ. Papers, 4, 1893, p. 333. — Koken, Die Leltfossilien, Leipzig, 
1896, p. 32.— Beecher, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 3, 1897, p. 105, pi. 3, ^. 32.— 
Lindstrom, Kongl. Sven. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 34, No. 8, 1901, p. 27. 

niacopidella Reed, (jeoL Mag., n. s., dec. 5, 2, 1905, p. 173. — ^Raymond, Zittel- 
Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 726. 

Fhaeopldells downlngiso (Murchison). 

Phacops dowmngise Murchison, Silurian System, 2d ed., 1839, pi. 18, fig. 5. — 

Salter, Mon. British, Tril., 1862, pi. 2, figs. 17-25. 
Silurian: England; Arisaig, Nova Scotia. 

niaeopldella orestes (Billings). 

Phacops Orestes Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 65, ^. 10; Cat. Sil. 

Foes. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 61 (loc. occ). 
Acaste orestes Schuchert and Twenhofel, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., 21, 1890, p. 710. 
Anticostian (Gun River, Jupiter River): East Point, etc., Anticosti. 

PHACOPS Emmrich. Genotype: P. latifrons Bronn. 

I^iacope Elmmrich, Neues Jahrb. Min., etc., 1845, p. 38. — ^Hawle and Corda, Abh. 

d. k. bohnuschen Gesel. d. Wise., 1 (extract), 1847, p. 96, pi. 5, ^. 67. — 

Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 214.— Pictet, Trait6 de Pal., 2d ed.. 



^64 BULLETIK &2, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PHACOFS— GontiBiied. 

2, 1854, p. 499.— Salter, Cat. Camb. and Sil. Fosb., 1873, p. 51.~Aiigelin, 
Scandinavica, 3d ed., Holmiae, 1878, p. 8.— Salter, Hon. Britiflh Tril., Pal. 
Soc., 1864, p. 14. — Schmidt, Mem. TAcad. Imp. Sci. St. Peterebuig, 7th eer.* 
30, 1881, pp. 61, 66.~Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1885, p. 614.— HaU and Clarke, 
Pal. New York, 7, 1888, p. xxvii, ^,, p. xxix.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 

560.~Whidbome, Mon. Dev. Fauna South England, 1, Pal. Soc., 1889, p. 2. 

Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., let, App., 1892, p. 710. — Koken, Die Leitfonilieo, 
Leipzig, 1896, p. 31, fig. 21, figs. 3, 4. — ^Beecher, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th 8er.» 3, 
1897, p. 105, pi. 3, fig. 33.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci.» 6, 1899» p. 
313.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index FoeailB, 2, 1910, p. 321.— Raymond, 
Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 726. 

Phaoops gallxcbphalus Hall. See Pterygometopua callicephalus. 

Phaoops handwerki Weller. 

Phacops handwerki Weller, BulL Chicago Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 2, 

1907, p. 271, pi. 24, figs. 6, 7. 
Niagaran (Racine): Near Lemont, Illinois. 

Phaoops ldculurus Hall. See Dalmanites limulurus. 

Phaoops orbstbs Billings. See PhacopideUa orestes. 

Phaoops pulcheUus Foento. 

Aiionellus Foerste, Bull. ScL Lab. Denison Univ., 1, 1885, p. 114, pi. 

14, fig. 3. 
Phacops pulchellus Foerste, ibid., 2, 1887, p. 99, pi. 8, figs. 4, 20, 21; Proc. Bost 

Soc. Nat. Hist., 24, 1890, p. 268, pi. 6, figs. 20-21.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. 

Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 322. 
Phaoops trisulcatus Foerste, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 529, pi. 26, fig. 3; pi. 27, 

figB. 4, 20, 21; pi. 31, figs. 20, 21. 
Phacops cf. pulchellus Kindle, 28th Ann. Rep. Dep. GeoL Nat. Res. Indiana, 

1904, p. 484, pi. 24, figs. 9, 12. 
Upper Medlnan (Brassfield): Dayton, Ohio; Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. 
Niagaran: Connor's Mill, Georgetown and Pendleton, Indiana. 

Phacops stokssh Dawson. See Proetus stokesi. 

Phaoops trtsaleatus (Hall). 

Calymene? trisulcata Hall, Geol. New York, pt. 4, 1843, p. 74, fig. 9, p. 72; tab. 
oig. rem. 8, fig. 9. — ^Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 110, 

Phacops triculcatus Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 300, pi. 66, figs. 3a-b. 
CUnton (Williamson): Rochester, etc.. New York. 

Phacops trisulcatus Foerste. See Phacops pulchellus. 

PHJENOPORA (Hall). Genotype: P. explantfta Hall. 

Phsenopora Hall, PaL New York, 2, 1852, p. 46; Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 2d ser., 11, 
1851, p. 399.— Pictet, Traits de Pal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 169.— Ulrich, Jour 
Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 152.— Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison 
Univ., 2, 1887, p. 157.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 314.— IHrich, Geol. 
Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 392; Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 173.— Pocta, Syst. 
Sil. Centre Boheme, 8, pt. 1, 1894, p. 8.— Ufarich, Zittel's Textb. Pal. (Engl, 
ed.), 1896, p. 279.— Simpson, 14th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 



BIBLIOQBAPHIC U8T OF OBNBBA AND SPECIES. 965 

PHJSNOPORA— Continued. 

1897, p. 541.— Nickles and Baader, Bull. U. 8. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 46.— 
Hennig, Aichiv. fur ZooL, K. Sven. Yet. Akad., Stockholm, 2, No. 10, 1906, 
p. 10.— Baader, Bull. U. 8. Gaol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 56; BulL U. 8. Nat. 
Mu6., 77, 1911, p. 118; Zittel-Eaatman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 345. 

PluBnopora eonstailata Hall. 

Hiftsnopora constellsta Hall. Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 47, pi. 18, figs. 7a-e.— 

Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, ^. 497 (p. 314).— Ulrich, Geol. 8ur. Ulinoia, 8, 

1890, fig. 12a, b* (p. 392).— Newland and Hartnagel, Bull. New York State 

MuB., 123, 1908, pi. 3. 
Early Silurian: Wayne County, New York (Clinton); Hamilton, etc., Ontario 

(Cataract). 

nuBnopors enalformls Hall. 

Phflenopora enaiformia Ball, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 48, pi. 18, figs. 8a--c. — 
Nicholson and Hinde, Canadian Jour., n. 8., 14, 1874, p. 142.— Nicholson, 
Pal. Province Ontario, 1875, p. 45, fig. 19, 2, 2a.— Foerste, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 
7, 1896, p. 598.— Baader, Bull. U. 8. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 55, pi. 27, figs. 
8, 9; BuU. U. 8. Nat. Mus., 77, 1911, p. 118, ftg, 45. 

Ptilodictya ensifonnis Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 172. 

Silurian: Flamborough, Dundas, Hamilton, etc., Ontario (Cataract); New Yofk 
and Ontario (Rochester); Indiana (Osgood); Ohio (Brassfield); Anticoati 
(Ellis Bay, Becsie River); Gotland (Borkholm drift). 

Pfc»u)^pe.-€at. No. 35752, U.8.N.M. 

nanopora eieeUena (Billings). 

Ptilodictya excellens Billings, Catal. SO. Foss. Anticosti, 1866, p. 34. 
Stictoporella? excellens Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 169. 
Phsnopora excellens Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 314. 
Qamadiian (Ellis Bay) and Anticostian (Gun River): East Point, Gramache Bay, 
etc., Anticosti. 

Flifluiopora expanas Hall and Whitfield. 
Eschara bipunctata Van deve (MS.), 1853. 
Ptilodictya bipunctata Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P. 4, 1889, p. 825, 

figs.— Hall, 12Ui Ann. Rep. Indiana Ged. Nat. Hist, 1888, p. 266, pi. 13, 

fig. 5. 
Phttnopora (Ptilodictya) expanaa Hall and Whitfield, TaX. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 114, 

pi. 5, fig. 1. 
Ptilodictya expansa (part) Hall, 12th Ann. Rep. Indiana QecA. Nat. Hist., 1883, 

p. 266. 
Phftnopora expansa Ulrich, QecA, Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, fig. 12c, p. 392.— Foerste, 

Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 598, pi. 29, fig. 1.— Nickles and Baasler, Bull. 

U. 8. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 347.— Baasler, Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., 30, 

1906, p. 46. 
Phienopora platyphylla Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 2, 1887, p. 157; 

ibid., 3, 1888, pi. 16, fig. 1.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal. 3, 1903, 

pi. 19, figs. 5-7. 
Ptilodictya platyphylla James, Paleontologist, No. 3, 1879, p. 21. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Dayton, and Clinton County, Ohio. 

Phnnopora explanata Hall. 

Phsmqpora explanata Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 46, pi. 18, figs. 6a-e. 
Upper Medinan (Cataract): Flamborough Head and Hamilton, Ontario. 

PsmNOvoKA? nBNxaTBLUFOBMia Ulrich. See Pachydictya fenestelliformia. 



966 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Phnnopora flmbrlatft (James). 

Eschara ramoea Van Cleve (MS.), 1853. 

Ptilodictya fimbriata James, Paleontologist, No. 1, 1878, p. 8. 

Fhsenopora fimbriata Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 2, 1887, p. 161; 

ibid., 3, 1888^ pi. 15, fig. 7; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 24, 1889, p. SSO; 

Geol. Snrv. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 599, pi. 28, fig. 7.~Nickle6 and Bassler, Sull. 

U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 348.— Bassler, U. S. Geol. Sunr., No. 292, 

1906, pi. 21, fig. 20; Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 30, 1906, p. 47, pi. 7, fi^s. 11, 12. 
Stictopora vandevii Hall, 12ih Ann. Kep. Indiana Geo}. Nat. Hist., 1883, p. 268, 

pi. 13, figs. 1, 2. — ^Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P4, 1890, p. 1071, 

figs. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Clinton (bounty, BeliaBt and Da3rton, Ohio. 

Fhnnoporft flmbrlatft canadensis Bassler. 

Phsenopora fimbriata var. canadensis Bassler, Bull. XT. 8. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906» 

p. 55, pi. 21, figs. 17-19. 
Clinton (Rochester): Lockport and Clinton, New York; Grimsby, Ontario, 
flbtoeyp^.— Oat. No. 35753, U.S.N.M. 

Phnnopora Inelplens Ulrich. 

Phsenoi>ora indpiens Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 174, pi. 13, figs. 14-17. 
Trenton: Montreal, Quebec; Chimney Point, Vermont; St. Paul, Minnesota 

(Prosser). 
Cotype$.—€&t. Noq. 43599, 43600, U.S.N.M. 

Phnnopora keewattnensls Whiteaves. 

Phsenopora Keewatinensis Whiteaves, Geol. Surv.-Oanada, Ann. Rep.^ n. b., 14, 

App. F, 1904, p. 40; Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 8, pt 4, 1906, p. 268, 

pi. 24, figs. 6, 6a. 
Niagaran: Sutton Mill Lake, Canada. 

Phsenopora magna (Hall and Whitfield). 

Eschara compressa Van Cleve (MS.), 1853. 

Stictopora magna Hall and Whitfield, Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 112, pi. 5, figs. 5, 6.— 
Lesley^, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1890, p. 1067, figs. 

Phsenopora magna Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 2, 1887, p. 159; ibid., 
3, 1888, pi. 15, fig. 6; pi. 16, fig. 2; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 24, 1889, 
p. 331; Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 599, pi. 28, fig. 6; pi. 29, figs. 2a-<:.— 
Nickles and Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 348.* 

Stictopora compressa Hall, 12th Ann. Rep. Indiana Geol. Nat. Hist., 1883, p. 267, 
pi. 14, fig. 3. — ^Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P4, 1890, p. 1064, fig. 

Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Da3rton and Belfast, Ohio. 

Phienopora mnltlflda (Hall). 

Eschara multifida Van Cleve (MS.), 1853. 

Ptilodictya sp.(7) James, Paleontologist, No. 1, 1878, p. 8. (Name P. Welshi 

suggested.) 
Stictopora multifida Hall, 12th Ann. Rep. Indiana Geol. Nat. Hist., 1883, p. 268, 

pi. 14, fig. 4. — ^Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, p. 1068, fig. 
Phaenoi>ora multifida Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 2, 1887, p. 160; 

ibid., 3, 1888, pi. 16, fig. 3; Ged. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 599, pi. 29, fig. 3. 
Ptilodictya welshi Bassler, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 30, 1906, p. 52. 
Ui^[>er Medinan (Brassfield): Da3rton, and Clinton County, Ohio; Hanover, 

Indiana. 



BIBLIOQBAPHIC LIST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 967 

Pbwofora }fuunFOVLX Hall. See Eiirydictya multipora. 
PuciKWORA PLATTFHTLLA FoeiBte. See Phsenopora expansa. 



im pnofitatft (Nicholson and Hinde). 
Pt3odicty»7 punctata Nicholson and Hinde, Canadian Jour., n. s., 14, 1874, 

p. 143, %. Ift-b. — Nicholson, Pal. Province Ontario, 1874, p. 46, fig. 20. 
Pluenopora punctata Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 174. 
Medinan (Cataract): Dundas, Ontario. 



saperbs (Billings). 
Pdlodictya superba Billings, Catal. Sil. Foes. Anticosti, 1866, p. 36. 
Fhcnopora superba Ulrich, Ged. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 174. 
AnticoBtian (Becsie River, Gun River): Walls Cove and Becsle River Bay, 
Anticosti. 

Ftenopon wflmlngtoneiiBls Uliich. 

Fhsnopora wilmingtonenais Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 175, pi. 13, figs. 

22-26. 
Ridimond (Fernvale): Wilmington, Illinois. 
Cbfypet.— Oat. No. 43601, U.S.N.M. 

PKANEKOTREMA Fischer. Genot3rpe: Pletuotomaria labiosa Hall. 

Fhanerotrema Fischer, Man. Conch., 1885, p. 851. — Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. 
Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 952.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 
1909, p. 638. 

fluiiMxitreiiift oeetdens (Hall). 

Ftomotomaria labrosa var. occidens Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Hist, 
1868, p. 343 (extras, 1865).— Foerste, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 24, 1889, 
p. 289, pi. 5, fig. 14. 

Fleuiotomaria occidens Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1867, 
p. 364, pi. 15, figs. 11, 12.— Hall and Whitfield, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 2, 1875, 
p. 142, pi. 8, 6g. 2.— Wliiteaves, Pal. Foss. Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 1, 
1884, p. 23 (loc. occ). — ^Koken, Neues Jahrb. Min. Greol. Pal., 6, Bellage- 
Band, 1889, p. 335.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 713, 
fig.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss. Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 77. 

Fhanerotrema occidens Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 952 
(gen. ref.).— Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 
296.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 638, ^. 866. 

Niagaian: Racine, Wisconsin (Racine); Ydlow Springs, Ohio; Elora, Sas- 
katchewan River, etc., Canada (Guelph). 

Pbilbsd&a scabiosa Huene. See Crania scabiosa. 

PH0L400M0BFHA Foecste. See Whiteavesia Ulrich. 

FHOUDOPS HalL Genotype: Orbicula squamiformis Hall. 

Fhdidops Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 489; 13th Rep. New York State Cab. 
Nat. Hist, 1860, p. 92; 15th Rep., ibid., 1862, p. 195; Pal. New York, 4, 1867, 
pp. 31, 413.— Dall, Bull. Mus. Comp. 2Sool., 3, 1871, p. 27; Amer. Jour. Conch., 
7, 1871, p. 72.— Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 13; N. A. 
Geol. PaI., 1889, p. 362.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt 1, 1892 
p. 155.— Wlnchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 376.— Hall and 
Clarke, 11th Rep. New York State Geol., 1894, p. 262.— Schuchert, Bull. 
U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 80.— Huene, Neues Jahrb. Min. Geol. Pal., 1, 
1899, p. 144.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 6, 1899, p. 186.— Huene, 
Yerh. Ru».-Kai0. Mineral Ges. zu St Petenbuig, 36, 1899, p. 265; ibid., 



968 BULLBTIK 92, UNITED STATES KATIOKAL MUSEUM. 

PHOUDOPS-^Continued. 

88, 1900, p. 192.--Grabau, BuU. Buffalo Soc. Nat Sci., 7, 1901, p. 179; Bull. 
New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 179.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 
Foenlfl, 1, 1907, p. 208.— Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Ptd., 1913, p. 879. 
Cnniopfl Hall, Uih Bep. New Ycnrk State Gab. Nat Hist, 1859^ p. 84.— (Eail6rt» 
Fiacher's Manuel de Conch., 1887, p. 1272. 

Pholldope cinelimfttlenflis Hall. 

FholidopB dndnnatiensis Hall, 24th Bep. New York State Cab. Nat Hist, 1872, 
pi. 7, 6g. 10; Pal. Ohio, 1, 1873, p. 130, pi. 5, f^, 2.— Miller, dncinnati QoMt. 
Jour. Sd., 2, 1875, p. 14; Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat Hiat., 1, 1878, p. 107. — 
Lesley, Geol. Snrv. Pennsylvania, Bep. P 4, 1889, p. 936, figs.— Miller, N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 362, fig, 597.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New Y(«k, 8, pt 1, 
1892, p. 157, pi. 41, fig. 18.— Crane, Geol. Mag., dec. 4, 2, 1895, pi. 5, fig. 19. 

Eden and Maysville (Fairview): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

Pholldope oraUs Hall. 

Pholidops ovalis Hall, Trans. Albany Inst., 4, 1863, p. 209; Pal. New York, 
4, 1867, pi. 3, figs. 1, 2; 28th Bep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 1879, 
p. 149, pi. 21, figs. 1, 2; 11th Bep. State Geol. Indiana, 1882, p. 284, pi. 21, 
figs. 1, 2.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Bep. P 4, 1889, p. 637, f^. — 
Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt 1, 1892, p. 157, pi. 41, ^, 20.— Schu- 
chert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 307. 

Niagaran: Waldron, Indiana, and Newsom, Tennessee (Waldron); Nova Scotia. 

Fholldope ovata Hall. 

Pholidops ovata Hall, Pal. New Ycnrk, 3, 1859, p. 490, pi. 103B, figs. 7ar-b.— Weller, 
Pal. New Jersey, 3, 1903, p. 226, pi. 20, figs. 27-29, p. 300.--Giabau, Michigan 
Geol. Surv., Geol. Ser., 1, 1909, p. 119, pi. 17, fig. 13.— Schuchert and May- 
nard, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, p. 294, pi. 53, figs. 10-12. 

Hdderbeigian: Albany County, New York (New Scotland); Keyser, West Yii^ 
ginia, and Tonoloway, Maiyland (Keyser); New Jersey (Decker Ferry). 

Lower Monroan (Baisin Biver): Monroe County, Michigan. 

Fholldope sqnamtformls (Hall). 

Orbicula? squamiformis Hali; Geol New York, Bep. 4th Diet, 1843, p. 106, fig. 1; 

Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 250, pi. 53, fig. 4. 
Craniops squanuformis Hall, 12th Bep. New Y(^ State Cab. Nat Hist 1869, 

p. 84. 
Pholidops squamiformis Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 490, pi. 103B, fig. 6.— 

Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Bep. P 4, 1889, p. 637, figs.— Hall and 

Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt 1, 1892, p. 156, pi. 41, 6g. 21.--Grabau, Bull. 

New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 179, 6g, 82.— Grabau, Bull. BufEalo Soc. 

Nat. Sd., 7, 1901, p. 179, fig. 82. 
Clinton (Bochester): Lockport, Bochester, etc., New York; Hamilton, etc., 

Ontario. 

FhoDdope subdltptiea Savage. 

Pholidope subelliptica Savage, Bull. Geol. Surv. IllinoiB, 23, 1913, p. Ill, pi. 7, 

fig. 5. 
Upper Medinan (Channahon): Will County, Illinois. 

Pholidops sabtnmeata (Hall). 

Orbicular subtruncata Hall, Pal. New Ycnrk, 1, 1847, p. 290, pi. 79, fig. 7. 
Ph<didope subtrunctata Hall, Desc. n. sp. of Crinoidea and other Fossils, 1866, 
p. 14; 24th Bep. New York State Cab. Nat Hist, 1872, p. 221, pi. 7, fi%. 9.- 



BIBLIOOBAPHIO LIST OF GEKERA AKD SPECIES. 969 

Fholidops subtrancftta^-Continued. 

Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pi. 41, fig. 19.~Foat8to, Bull. 
8ci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 256. 
CiTiciniiatian (PolaBki): Ixoiaine, Turin, etc., New York; Chamblf, etc., Quebec. 

PhoUdops trentonenais Hall. 

FholidopB trentonensiB Hall, Desc. n. sp. of Crinoidea and other Fopsils, 1866, p. 
li; 24th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1872, p. 221, pi. 7, fig. 8.— 
Hall and Clarice, Pkd. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 167, pi. 41, fig. 17.— Ruede- 
mann, BuU. New Y<»rk State Mub., 49, 1902, p. 15. 

Trenton: Middleville, etc.. New York. 

Fholidops trentonensls minor ^^^chell and Schuchert. 

Pholidope trentonensls var. minor Winchell and Schuchert, €reol. Minnesota, 3, 

J893, p. 376, pi. 29, ^g. 40. 
Trenton (Frosser): St. Paul and Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 

Fholidops trombetana Clarke. 

Fholidops trombetana Clarke, Archivos Mus. Nac. Rio de Janeiro, 10, author's 

En^. ed., 1900, p. 8, pi. 1, figs. 7-11. 
Silurian: Rio Trombetas, Brazil. 

FHOLIDOSTROPHIA HaU and Clarke. 

Genotype: Strophodonta nacrea Halla>Chonetes(?)iowensis Owen. 
Fholidostrophia Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 287; 11th Ann. 
Rep. New York State Geol., 1894, p. 281.— Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Sunr., 
87, 1897, p. 308. 

Fholidoatropliia niagarenais Kindle and Breger. 

Fholidostrophia niagarensis Kindle and Breger, 28th Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. 

Res. Indiana, 1904, p. 430, pt. 2, figs. 13-15. 
Niagaian: Little Beer Creek, Carroll County, Indiana. 

FHBAGMOCERAS Broderip. Genotype: P. arcuatum Sowerby. 

Fhragmocoas Broderip, Murchison's Sil. Syst., 1839, p. 621.— Fortlock, Rep. 
Geol. Londonderry, 1843, p. 381.— McCoy, Syn. Char. Carb. Fosb. Ireland, 
1844, p. 11.— Woodward, Man. Mollusca, pt. 1, 1851, p. 90.— Saemann, Pal8&- 
ontographica, 3, 1852, p. 139.— Geinitz, Die Verst. der Grauwack, Leipzig, 
1853, p. 26.— McCoy, British Pal. Rocks Foss., 1854, p. 322.— Bairande, Neues 
Jahrb. Mln., etc., 1854, p. 10, pLl, fig. 12; ibid., 1855, p. 258; BuU.Soc.GeoL 
France, 2d ser., 12, 1855, p. 158, pi. 5, fig. 5.— Billings, Canadian Nat. Geo!., 
2, 1857, p. 136, pi. 2, fig. 4.— Qiapman, Canadian Jour., n. s., 8, 1863, p. 22; 
Expos. Min. Geol. Canada, 1864, p. 130.— Bairande, Syst. Sil. du Centre 
Boheme, 2, pt. 1, 1867, p. 187.— Blake, Mon. British Foss. Cephalopoda, 1882, 
p. 59.— Ziitel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1884, p. 375.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, 
p. 452.— Whidbome, Mon. Dev. Fauna South England, 1, Pal. Soc., 1890, p. 
111. — Koken, Die Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 49.— Hyatt, Zittel-Eastman 
Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 532; 2d ed., 1913, p. 619i— Jaekel, Zeits. d. d. geoL 
Gesell., 54, Protok., 1902, pp. 8, 68, 80.-Jaekel in Ruedemann, Amer. Geol., 
31, 1903, p. 200.— <?Tabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 131. 

Fhragmoeeraa angustam (Newell). 

Ck>mphoceras angustus Newell, I^oc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 23, 1888, p. 475, fig. 
Phragmoceras angustum Kindle and Br^er, 28th Ann.'Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. 

Indiana, 1904, p. 477, pi. 18, fig. 1.— Giabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 

2, 1910, p. 132, ^. 1383. 
Niagaran: Wabash City and Grant County, Indiana, 



970 BULLETIlJl ^, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Phragmoceras byronense Worthen. 

Phragmoceras Byronenaia Worthen, €reol. Surv. lUinoia, 6, 1875, p. 506, pi. 24» 

fig. 6. 
Nlagaian: Rock lalaiid, lUinoifl. (Drift probably from Port Byron, Illinois.) 

Phraomoobras coNSTRicruM Chapman. See Oncoceras conetrictum. 

Phragmoceras elUpticum Hall and Whitfield. 

Phragmoceras oUipticum Hall and Whitfield, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 2, 1875, p. 152, 
pi. 8, fig. 11. — ^Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 18a9, p. 637, fig. — 
Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 133, fig. 1384. 

Phragmoceras cf . ellipticum Kindle and Breger, 28th Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. 
Res. Indiana, 1904, p. 477, pi. 19, fig. 5. 

Niagaran: Highland County, Ohio; Huntington, Indiana. 

PUsiotypea.—CAt, No. 52949, U.S.N.M. (Kindle and Breger). 

Phragmoceras hector Billings. 

Phragmoceras Hector Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865 (adv. 
sheeto, 1862), p. 163, fig. 147a, b.-— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 452, fig, 
756, p. 453; fig. 757.--Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 
. 1895, p. 104. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Ne^r Hope, Ontario. 

Phragmoceras hoyi Whitfield. 

Phragmoceras Hoyi Whitfield, Ann. Rep. for 1877, Wisconsin Geol. Surv., 1878, 
p. 86; Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 300, pi. 19, figs. 4, 5.— Chamberlin, ibid., 
1, 1883, p. 194, fig. 
Niagaran (Racine): Near Wauwatosa, Wisconsin. 

Phragmoceras hoyt oompressum Whitfield. 

Phragmoceras Hoyi var. compressum Whitfield, Ann. Rep. for 1877, Wisconain 

Geol. Surv., 1878, p. 86; Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 301, pi. 20, fig. 3. 
Niagaran (Racine): Near Wauwatosa and Racine, Wisconsin. 

Phragmoceras labiatum Whitfield. 

Phragmoceras labiatum Whitfield, Ann. Rep. for 1877, Wisconsin Geol. Surv., 1878, 

p. 86.— Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 302, pi. 20, figs. 1, 2. 
Niagaran (Waukesha): Ashford, Wisconsin. 

Phragmoceras llneolatum Whiteaves. 

Phragmoceras Uneolatum Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Ann. Rep., n. s., 14, 

App. F, 1904, p. 57; Geol. Surv. Canada, Pkd. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 265, 

pi. 34, figs. 1, la, 2, 3. 
Niagaran: Ekwan River, Canada. 

Phbaomoobras natator Lesley. See Barrandeoceras natator. 

Phragmoceras nestor Hall. 

Phragmoceras nestor Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868 (extras, 
Jan., 1865), pp. 347, 363, figs. 7, 8; rev. ed., 1870, p. 405, figs. 3, 4.— Day, 
Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sd., Arts, Letters, 4, 1879, p. 115.— Whitfield, GeoL 
Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 301, pi. 19, fig. 3.--Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 
Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 132, fig. 1380, 1381. 

Gomphoceras Nestor Foord, Cat. Foss. Ceph. British Mus., 1, 1888, p. 232. 

Niagaran (Racine): Wauwatosa and Waukesha, Wisconsin. 



BIBUOQBAPHIC LIST OF OENEBA AND SPECIES. 971 

rkngmoeeras nestor eanadense Whiteaves. 

Ptogmoceras Nestor tut. CanadenBe Whiteavee, Pal. Foes., QeoL Surv. Oanada, 

3, pt 1, 1884, p. 39, pi. 7, figs. 1^ la, b; P^. Fosb., QeoL Surv. Canada, 8, 

pt. 2, 1895, p. 105 (loc. occ.). 
Niagwaii (Guelph): Heq>eler, Eloia, and Durham, Ontario. 



pftrmm HaU and Whitfield. 
Fhngmocens parvum Hall and Whitfield, Geol. Surv. Ohio, P^. 2, 1875, p. 151, 

pL 8, fig. 10.— Whiteavee, Pal. Fobs., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 1, 1884, p. 

41, pi. 7, fig. 2.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 639, 

fig.—Whiteaves, Pal. Fosnk, Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 105 (loc. 

ooe.). — ClariEe and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 5, 1903, p. 99. 

pL 21, figs. 1-8. — Kindle and Breger, 28th Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. 

Indiana, 1904, p. 477, pi. 25, figs. 3, 4.— Giabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 

Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 132, fig. 1382. 
IHagaiaa (Guelph): Cedarville, Ohio; Rochester, New York; thirham, Ontario; 

Huntington, Indiana. 

PnAGXocsBAs PRAicATUBUX Billiugs. See Mselonoceras prematurum. 

Flnifiniooeras ventricosum (7 Sowerby) Owen. Not recognized. 

Phzagmoceras ventricosum? Owen, Geol Expl. Iowa, Wisconsin, HlinoiB, 2d ed., 

1844, p. 76, pi. 13, fig. 9. 
Niagaian: Iowa and Wisconsin. 

Fkragmoeeras whttneyi Parks. 

Phiagmoceras whitneyi Parks in Tyrrell, 22d Rep. Ontario Bur. Mines, 1913, p. 36. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Severn River, Ontario. 

nnAGMOIiITBS Conrad. Genotype: P. compressus Conrad. 

Phiagmolites Conrad, Ann. Creol. Rep. New York, 1^, p. 119. 
Fhragmolithes, Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 617. 
Conradella IHrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, pp. 851; 904.— 

Koken, Neues Jahrb. f. Min., Creol., Pal., 1, 1898, p. 8.— Cumings, 32d Ann. 

Rep. Dep. Creol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 949. (Genotjrpe: C. obliqua 

Ulrich and Scofield.) 

Phragmolltes beDolus (Ulrich). 

Conradella bellula Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 910, pi. 67, figs. 

23-26. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Covington, Kentucky. 
flWo^pe.— Cat. No. 45751, U.S.N.M. 

Phragmotttes compressus Conrad. 

Phiagmolites compressus Conrad, 2d Ann. Rep. New York Creol. Surv., 1838, p. 
119.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal. 3, 1903, p. 178, pi. 12, figs. 16, 17. 

Fhragmolithes compressus Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 
617. 

Cyrtolites compressus Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 188, pi. 40A, figs. 2a-f.— 
Enmions, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 167, pi. 12, fig. 10a, b; Man. Geol., 
1860, p. 96, fig. 85.— Hall, Rep. Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, 1862, p. 40, fig. 4.— 
Chamberlin, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, p. 158, fig. — Lesley, Geol. Surv. 
Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 182, fig.— WhUeaves, Canadian Rec. Sci., 
5, 1893, p. 323; Pal. Poss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 124 (loc. occ.). 

Conradella compressa Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 49, 1901, p. 30. 

Trenton: Middleville, Watertown, etc., New York; New Jersey; Ontarb; etc. 

84243**— Bull. 92— vol 2—16 ^17 



972 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PhragmoUtes destderfttns (BillingB). 

Oyrtolites dedderatus BilliiigBi Oat. Sil. Foodls, Antiooad, Qeol. Surv. Canada, 

1866, p. 21, 
Richmond (Engliah Head) and Gamachian: ICacaaty Bay, etc., AnticostL 

PhragmoUtea dyeri (Hall). 

Oyrtolites dyeri Hall, 24th Rep. Regents New York State Oab. Nat. Hist., 1872, 

p. 230, pi. 8, figs. 7, 8 (adv. sheets, 1871). —Meek, Tsl. Ohio, 1, 1873, p. 149, 

pi. 13, figs. 2a, b, c (not 2d and e»P. elegans Miller).— Miller, Cin. Quart. 

Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 809. 
Oonradella dyeri Uliich and Scofield, Qeol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 909, pL 

67, figs. 30-33.— Oumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Rob. Indiana, 

1908, p. 957, pi. 39, figs. 8-8c. 
Phragmolithes dyeri Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1:909, p. 618, 

fig. 828e, f. 
Richmond: I&chmond and Venailles, Indiana; Oxford, Waynesville, etc., Ohio; 

near Maysville, Kentucky; Spring Valley, Minnesota. 
Pfcwofype.— Oat. No. 46762, U.S.N Ji. 

PhragmoUtes dyeri celluloaua (Ulrich and Scofield). 

Oonradella dyeri var. cellulosa Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 8, pt. 2, 

1897, p. 910, pi. 67, figs. 27-29.— Oumlngs, d2d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. 

Res. Indiana, 1908, pi. 39, fig. 9. 
Trenton (Proeser): St. Paul and Oannon Falls, Minnesota. 
Hotoeyp^.— Oat. No. 46763, U.S.N.M. 

Phragmolttea elegana (Miller). 

Oyrtolites dyeri (part) Meek, Pal. Ohio, 1, 1873, p. 149, pi. 13, figs. 2d, 2e. 
Oyrtolites elegans Miller, Oincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 310, fig. 31. — 

Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 402, fig. 668. 
Oonradella elegans Ubrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1897, p. 911, pi. 67, 

figs. 12-16. 
Maysville (Ooiryville): Oincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
PUtiatypen. —C&t, No. 46764, U.S.N.M. 

PhragmoUtea flmbrlatns (Ulrich and Scofield). 

Oonradella fimbriata Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 907, 

pi. 62, fig. 66; pi. 67, figs. 7-10. 
Phragmolithes fimbiiatus Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 

617, fig. 828c, d. 
Oyrtolites fimbriatus Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d ed., 1897, p. 767 (gen. ref.). 
Black River: Minneapolis, Minnesota, and Dixon, Illinois (Platteville); Lhicoln 

Ooimty, Missouri (Decorah). 
Cotypej.— Oat. No. 46766, U.S.N.M. 

PhragmoUtea grandls (Ulrich). 

Oonradella grandis Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 8, pt 2, 1897, p. 908, pi. 62, fig. 67; 

pi. 67, figs. 16-18. 
Stones River (Lebanon): Lebanon, Tennessee. 
Cotypes.—C&U No. 46766, U.S.N.M. 

PhragmoUtea Imbrlcatua (Meek and Worthen). 

Oyrtolites imbricatus Meek and Worthen, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 3, 1868, p^ 340, 

pi. 4, fig. 12. 
Oonradella imbricata Uliich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 911, 

pi. 67, fig. 11. 
Upper Medinan (Girardeau): Alexander Oounty, Illinois. 
Pfcno<yp«.-<Jat. No. 46767, U.S.N.M. 



BIBUOOBAPHIC UST OF OENEBA AND SPECIES. 973 

Phragmolltes obttquus (Ulrich and Scofield). 

€k>iindeUa obliqua Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 906, 

pi. 67, figs. 1-6. 
Black River (DecOTah): St. Paul, Gannon Falls, etc., Minnesota. 
Cofypev.— Oat. Nos. 46768, 46759, U.S.N.M. 

Pfara^molttes pannosus (Billings). 

Oyrtdites pannoeus Billings, Cat. Sil. Fosb. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 20. 
Conrad^la pannosa Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 869 

(gen. ref.). 
Richmond (English Head and Charleton): Charleton Point, etc., Anticosti. 

Phragmolltes slmilis (Ulrich). 

Conradella aimilis Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 906. 
Black River (Lowville): Mercer and Boyle Counties, Kentucky. 
Cotypa.—Cst. No. -17668, U.S.N. M. 

Plinigiiiolltes trUngulftrls (Ulrich and Scofield). 

Conradella triangularis Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 908, 
pi. 67, figs. 19-22. 

Fhragmolithes triangularis Grabau and Shlmer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 
617, fig. 828a, b. 

Black River (Platteville): Minneapolis, Minnesota; JanesviUe and Beloit, Wis- 
consin; Dixon, Illinois. 

Co^pe9.-Oat. Nos. 46760-46762, U.S.N.M. 

Phkaqmostoma Hall. See Carinaropsis Hall. 

Phbaomostoma natator Hall. See Carinaropsis cymbula. 

Fhycograptus Gurley. Genotype: P. brachymera Gurley. 

Phycograptus Gurley, Jour. Geol., 4, 1896, p. 89.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal.. 2d 

App., 1897, p. 729.— Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, 

p. 244. 

Observation. — G^us not recognized as valid. The genotype is based on the 

frontal view of a Dicellograptus and the second species is not a graptolite. 

Phycograptus brachymera Gurley. Not recognized. 

Fhycograptus brachymera Gurley, Jour. Geol., 4, 1896, p. 89, pi. 6, fig. 6. — Ruede- 

mann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, p. 246, Cig, 160. 
Qiazyan (Normanskill): Stockport, New York. 

Phycograptus Isevis (Hall). 

Graptolithus? lievls Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 274, pi. 74, fig. 7.--Chapman, 

Canadian Jour., n. s., 1, 1866, p. 390. 
Fhycograptus keviB Gurley, Jour. Geol., 4, 1896, pp. 89, 100 (gen. ref.).— Ruede- 

mann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, p. 246. 
Utica: Turin, Lewis County, New York. 

Observation. — Hall's type shows no structure and a second specimen appears 
to be made up of slender sponge spicules. Name should be dropped. (Ruede- 
mann, 1908.) 

PHTLLODICTTA Ulrich. Genotype: P. frondoiaa Ulrich. 

Phyllodictya Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 6, 1882, p. 163.— Miller, 

N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 316.— Uhich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 390; 

Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 141.— Pocta, Syst. Sil. Centre Boheme, 8, pt. 1, 

1894, p. 16.— Ukich, Zittel's Textb. Pal. (Engl, ed), 1896, p. 280.— Simpson, 

r 



974 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PHTLLODICTTA— Continued. 

14th Ann. Rep. State GeoL New York for 1894, 1897, p. 631.— Nicklee and 
Baader, Bull. U. S. GeoL Surv., 173, 1900, p. 49.-— Grabau and Shimer, N. A . 
Index Fooails, 1, 1907, p. 159.— Baaeler, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 77, 1911, 
p. 135; Zittel-EajBtman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 346. 

PhyUodletyft l^ondosft Ulrich. 

Phyllodictya frondosa Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 174, 
pi. 8, figs. 11-llb; GeoL Minneeota, 3, 1893, p. 142.— Simpson, 14th Ann. 
Rep. State GeoL N.ew York for 1894, 1897, fig. 88 (p. 531).— Baaaler, Bull. 
Virginia GeoL Surv., 2a, 1909, pL 23, figs. 6-8. 

Black River (Lowville): High Bridge and Frankfort, Kentucky; Central Tennes- 
see; Southwestern Viiginia. 

Cotypea and pfenotype*.— Cat. Nos. 43705, 43598, U.S.N. M. 

PhyUodietya varta Ulrich. 

Phyllodictya varia Ulrich, GeoL Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 144, pi. 14, figa. 1-8.— 

Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 159, fig. 208j. — ^Bassler, 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 77, 1911, pp. 136, 137, fig. 60. 
Black River (Decorah) : Minneapolis and Cannon Falls Minnesota; Lake Nipiflaing, 

Ontario. 
Middle Ordovidan (Waasalem): Uxnorm, Esthonia, Russia. 
Cotypes,—Oat, No. 43597, U.S.N.M. 

PhylloorapAs Nicholson. See Phyllograptus Hall. 

PHTLLOGRAPTUS Hall. Genotype: P. typus Hall. 

Phyllograptus Hall, GeoL Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1857, 1858, pp. 136, 137; 
Canadian Nat. GeoL, 3, 1858, p. 168-170; Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 504; 
12th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1859, p. 52; GeoL Surv. Canada, 
dec. 2, 1865, p. 118, figs. 1-3.— Cairuthers, GeoL Mag., 5, 1868, p. 73, 132.— 
Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868, p. 217, rev. ed., p. 
252.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 301.— TuUbeig, Sverigee GeoL 
Unders., ser. C, No. 55, 1883, p. 12.— Spencer, Bull. Mus. Univ. State Mis- 
souri, 1, 1884, p. 15; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 4, 1884, p. 565.— Miller, 
N. A. GeoL Pal., 1889, p. 200.— Hohn, GeoL Mag., dec. 4, 2, 1895, pp. 
433, 487; GeoL Foren. Stockholm ForhandL, 17, 1895, p. 343.— Wiman, 
Nat. Sci., 9, 1896, p. 191.— Koken, Die Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 
328.— Walther, Zeits. d. d. geol. Gesell., 49, 1897, p. 252.— Roemer and 
Freeh, Leth. geog., 1 Theil, Leth. Pal., 1, 3 lief, 1897,* p. 603.— Ruede- 
mann, Amer. Nat., 32, 1898, p. 5.— Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, 
p. 119.— Ellesand Wood, Mon. British Grapt., Pal. Soc., 1902, p. 98.— Ruede- 
mann, Mem. New York State Mus., 7, pt. 1, 1904, pp. 703-706. — Grabau and 
Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1906, p. 29.— Ruedemann, Zittel-Eastman 
Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 129. 
Phyllograpsus Nicholson, Quart. Jomr. GeoL Soc. London, 24, 1868, p. 9, 132; 
Mon. British Grapt., 1872, p. 124. 

Phyllograptus angustifoUus Hall. 

Phyllograptus angustifolius Hall, GeoL Surv. Canada, Rep. for 1857, 1858, p. 139; 
Canadian Nat. GeoL, 3, 1858, p. 172. — Salter, Quart. Jour. GeoL Soc. London, 
19, 1863, p. 137, fig. 7a, b.— Billings, Geol. Canada, GeoL Surv. Canada, 1863, 
p. 228, fig. 237.— Hall, Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 2, 1865, p. 125, pi. 16, figs. 
17-21; p. 16, fig. 22; 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868, p. 183, fig. 
23; rev. ed., p. 213, fig. 23; p. 224. — ^Nicholson, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc., 24, 
1868, p. 132. — LinnarsBon. Sver. Geol. Und., Afh. och upps., ser. C, no. 31, 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC LIST OP GENERA AND SPECIES. 975 

FhyUogrsptns angustlfollus— Continued. 

1879, p. 5.— Brogger, Die sil. Etagen 2 and 3, 1882, p. 41.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. 
Pennsylvania^ Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 639, figs.— Ami, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. 

3, pt. 2, 1889, p. 60k ff.— Holm, Sveridges Geol. Undera., ser. C, No. 150, 
1895, p. 29, pi. 3, figs. 1-12; pi. 4, fig. 6; Geol. For. Forh., 17, Heft 3, 1896, 
p. 319, pi. 3; p. 346, pi. 13, figs. 1-12; pi. 14, figs. 1-10; pi. 15, figs. 1-16; 
pi. 16, figs. 1-20; Geol. Mag., dec. 4, 2, 1895, p. 488, pi. 14, figs. 1-12.— Wiman, 
Bull. Geol. Inst. XJpsala, 4, pt. 2, 1896, p. 39, pi. 9, fig. 8.— Freeh, Leth. geog., 
1 Theil, Leth. Pal., 1, 3 Lief, 1897, p. 669, ^, 136.— Roemer and Freeh, 
ibid., 1897, p. 606, figs. 168, 172.— Elles, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soe. London, 54, 
1898, p. 496.— Elles and Wood, Mon. Britifih Grapt., pt. 1, Pal. Soe., 1902, 
p. 100, pi. 13, figs. 7a-f, ^. 69.— Ruedemann, New York State Pal., Ann. 
Rep., 1902, pp. 554, 666, 670; Mem. New York State Mus., 7, pt. 1, 1904, pp. 
711-714, pi. 15, figs. 31-34, fig. 94, on p. 704; ^. 97, p. 713.— Grabau and 
Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1906, p. 30, fig. 46. 

Fhyllograptus ef. angustifoUus Tullbeig, Sver. Geol. Und., Aih. oeh upps., ser. C, 
No. 60, 1882, p. 22. 

PhyUograpsus angustifoUus Nicholson, Mon. British Grapt., 1872, p. 51, fig. 18. 

Canadian: Point Levis, Quebec (Levis); Deep Kill, Rensselaer County, and 
Mount Moreno, near Hudson, New York (Deep Kill, Tetragraptus, Didymo- 
graptus, and Diplograptus zones); Sweden; England (Sldddaw). 

Fhyllograptus anna Hall. 

Fhyllograptus anna Hall, Geol. Surv. Canada, Canadian Org. Rem., dec. 2, 1866, 
p. 124, pi. 16, figs. 11-16; 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868, pi. 

4, figs. 6, 7; rev. ed., 1870, pi. 4, figs. 6-7. — Lapworth, Froc. and Trans. Roy. 
Soe. Canada, 4, 1886, p. 168.— Ami, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep., 2d ser., 3, pt. 2, 
1889, p. 116k.— Gurley, Jour. Geol., 4, 1896, p. 294.— Elles, Qiiart. Jour. Geol. 
Soe. Londcm, 64, 1898, p. 494, ^. 16.— Elles and Wood, Mon. BritislT Grapt., 
Pal. Soe., 1902, p. 101, pi. 13, figs. 6a-^, ^, 60a, b.— Ruedemann, New York 
State Pal. Ann. Rep., 1902, pp. 666, 671; Mem. New York State Mus., 7, pt. 
1, 1904, pp. 714-716, pi. 16, figs. 23-30, figs. 98, 99.— Grabau and Shimer, 
N. A. Index Foseils, 1, 1906, p. 30. 

Canadian: Point Levis, Quebec (Levis, Didymograptus zone); Deep Kill, Rensse- 
laer County, and Mount Moreno, near Hudson, New York (Deep Kill, Tetra- 
graptus, and Didymograptus bifidus zones); Arkansas; Nevada; England 
(Skiddaw). 

Fhyllograptus(7) dubius Spencer. 

Phyllograptus(7) dubius Spencer, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 4, 1884, p. 666, 

pi. 1, fig. 1; Bull. Mus. Univ. Missouri, 1, 1884, p. 15, pi. 1, fig. 1. 
Niagaran dolomite: Near Hamilton, Ontario. 
Observation. — Not a graptolite (Ruedemann). 

Phtllooraftus pouum var. typus Hall. See Fhyllograptus typus. 

Fhyllograptus nieifolius Hall. 

Fhyllograptus ilicifolius Hall, Creol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Frogr. for 1857, 1858, p. 
139; Canadian Nat. Geol., 3, 1858, p. 171; Geol. Surv. Canada, Can. Org. 
Rem., dee. 2, 1858, p. 121, pi. 16, figs. 1-10; 20th Hep. New York State Cab. 
Hist., 1868, p. 195, pi. 4, figs. 1-6; rev. ed., 1870, p. 225, pi. 4, figs. 1-5; p. 
224.— Roemer and I^Vech, Leth. geog., 1 Theil, Leth. Pal., 1, 3 Lief, 1897, p. 
606, fig. 171.— Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 52, 1902, p. 590, fig. 
19; Ann. Rep. Tfew York State Pal., 1902, pp. 654, 556; Mem. New York State 
Mus., 7, pt. 1, 1904, pp. 706, 708, pi. 15, figs. 15-22; figs. 95, 96.— Grabau and 
Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1906, p. 30, fig. 19. 



976 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Phylloi^raptas IllclfoUus— Continued. 

Canadian: Point Levis, Quebec (Levis, Clonograptus, Didymograptus, and Diplo- 
graptus zones); Deep Kill, Bensselaer County, New York (Deep Kill, Tetra- 
graptus and Didymograptus zones); England (Skiddaw). 

Fhyllograptua lorlngl White. 

Phyllograptus loringi White, Bep. U. S. Gleogr. Surv., West 100th Mezid., 4, War 

Dep., 1877, p. 51, pi. 3, fig. la, b (Prelim. Rep., 1874, p. 9). 
Canadian: Fish Spring, House Range, Utah. 

Phtllooraptus similes Hall. See Tetragraptus similis. 

Phtllooraftus STELLA Hoplonson. See Didymograptus (Isograptus) caduceus. 

Phyllograptus typua Hall. 

Phyllograptus typus Hall, Greol. Surv. Canada, Rep. for 1857, 1858, p. 137; ibid., 
dec. 2, 1858, p. 119, pi. 15, figs. 1-12; p. 16, fig. 23; Canadian Nat. Geo!., 3, 
1858, p. 170; 12th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1859, p. 54, figs. 1, 2; 
Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 505, figs. 1, 2.— Billings, Geol. Canada, (5eol. Surv. 
Canada, 1863, p. 228, fig. 238.— <)hapman, Canadian Jour., n. s., 8, 1863, p. 191, 
fig. 160a; Expos. Min. Geol. Canada, p. 163, fig. 160a.-~Billings, €reol. Surv. 
Canada, Pal. Foes., 1, 1865« pp. 366, 375.~Tomquist, Lunds. Univ. Arsskrift, 
1, pt. 3, 1865, p. 16, pi. 1, f^. 9, 10.— Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. 
Hist., 1868, p. 183, fig. 24; rev. ed., p. 213, ig. 24; p. 224.— Nicholson, Quart. 
Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 24, 1868, p. 133, pi. 5, fig. 16.— Etheridge, Ann. Mag. 
Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 14, 1874, p. 3, pi. 3, figs. 9, 10.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 
Munich, 1879, p. 301, fig. 209.— Brogger, Die Sil. Etagen 2, 3, 1882, p. 41.— 
Malaise, Ann. Soc. Geol. Belgium, 15, 1888, p. 42.— Ledey, Creol. Surv. 
Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 640, figs.— Ami, Greol. Surv. Canada, Rep. 
• 3, pt. 2, 1889, p. 50.— MiUer, N. A. (Jeol. Pal., 1889, p. 200, fig. 206.— Ourley, 
Jour. C^l., 4, 1896,1). 294.— Roemer and Freeh, Leth. Geog., 1, Theil, Leth. 
Pal., 1, 1897, p. 605.— Elles, Quart. Jour. Creol. Soc. London, 54, 1898, p. 
494f.— Ruedemann, New York State Pal., Ann. Rep., 1902, p. 566; Mem. 
New York State Mus., 7, pt. 1, 1904, pp. 708-711, pi. 15, figs. 35-37.— Grabau 
and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1906, p. 29; fg. 44. 

Phyllograpsus typus Nicholson, Mon. British Grapt., Pal. Soc., 1872, p. 125, fig. 64. 

Phyllogn^tus cf. typus Tullbeig, Skanes Grapt. in Sver. G^eol. Und. Afh. och 
upps., ser. C, No. 50, 1882, p. 21.— Elles and Wood, Mon. British Grapt., pt. 1, 
Pal. Soc., 1902, p. 99, pi. 13, figs. 5a, b; fig. 58. 

Phyllograptus folium var. typus McCoy, (5eol. Surv. Victoria, Prodr. Pal. Victoria, 
dec. 1, 1874, p. 7f, pi. 1, figs. 1-4. 

Canadian: Point Levis, Quebec (Levis, Phyllograptus typus zone); Deep Kill, 
Rensselaer County, New York (Deep Kill, Didymograptus bifidus zone); New- 
foundland; Arkansas; Great Britain (Skiddaw); Sweden; Belgium; Australia. 

PHTLLOPoaA (part) Ulrich. See Chasmatopora Eichwald. 

Phtlloporina Ulrich. See Chasmatopora Eichwald. 

Phtllqporina trbntonbnsis Ulrich. See Chasmatopora fenestrata. 

PHTSETOBfTA Ulrich. Genotype: P. acuminata Uhich. 

Physetomya Ulrich, Greol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 693.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 
2d App., 1897, p. 784. 

Physetomya aeumtnata Ulrich. 

Physetomya acuminata Ulrich, Qeol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 693, pi. 49, figs. 12-14. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio. 



BIBLIOGBAPHIC USX OF QEKEBA AND SPECIES. 977 

PHTTOPSIS Hall. Genotype: P. tubuloea Hall. 

PhytopeiB Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, pp. 38, 315.— Hitchcock, Geol. Vennont, 
1, 1861, p. 277.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 134. 

Phttopsis cxlutlosum Hall. See Tetradium cellulosum. 

nijtopato tnbuloM (Hall). 

Fbytopeis tubulosum HaU, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 38, p. 315, pi. 8, figs, la-e.— 
Emmons, Man. Geology, 1860, p. 95, fig. 81.— lincklaen, 14th Rep. New York 
State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1861, pi. 11, fig. 13.— Hitchcock, Geol. Vermont, 1, 
1861, p. 277, fig. 176.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 
644, figs.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 134, fig. 62.— Clarke and Ruede- 
mann. Bull. New York State Mus., 65, 1903, p. 9. 

FacoidesdemiBBUs Vanuzem, Geol. New York, 3, 1^, p. 39, fig. — ^Emmons, Geol. 
New York, 2, 1842, p. 108; p. 109, figs. 35, 36; also pp. 383, 384, fig. 94, 95, 
96.— Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 38, footnote. — Emmons, Amer. Geology, 
1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 232, fig. 84, pi. 4; figs. 12, 13. 

Black River (Lowville): Near Amsterdam, etc., New York. 

PIANODEMA Foerste. Genotype: Orthissubeequata Conrad. 

Bathyccelia Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 221. 
Pianodema Foerste (Bathycoelia preoccupied), Bull. Sci. Lab. Donison Univ., 
17, 1912, p. 139.— Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 382. 

Pianodema amoena (N. H. Winchell). 

Orthis amoena Winchell, 8th Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minnesota, 1880, 

p. 65. 
Orthis (Dalmanella) amcena Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, 

p. 453, pi. 33, figs. 4a-M. 
Dalmanella amoena Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 200. 
Trenton(7): Spring Valley, Minnesota. 

Observation. — Closely related to P. subsequata perveta. The types were 
probably derived from the Black River of southern Minnesota. 

Pianodema bellula (Meek). 

Orthis bellula James, Cat. L. Sil. Foss. Cincinnati Group, 1871, p. 10 (nom. nud.).— 

Meek, Pal. Ohio, 1, 1873, p. 103, pi. 8, fig. 5,— Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. 

Sci., 2, 1875, p. 31.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Kep. P 4, 1889, p. 

507, figs. 
Dalmanella bellula Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 224. 
Dalmanella (Bathycoelia) bellula Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Uni/., 14, 

1909, p. 221. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Cindnnati, Ohio, and vidnity. 

Pianodema pogonlpensls (Hall and Whitfield). 

Orthis pogonipensis Hall and Whitfield, King's U. S. Geol. Expl. 40th Pari., 4, 

1877, p. 232, pi. 1, figs. 9, 10. 
BtrophomenanemeaHall and Whitfield, ibid., 1877, p. 233, pi. 1, fig. 15.— Walcott, 

Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 8, 1884, p. 71. 
Upper Pogonip: Pogonip Mountain, White Pine District, Nevada. 
Catypei.--OAt. Nos. 17220, 17242, U.S.N. M. 

Ftanodema stonensis (Safford). 

Orthis stonensis Safford, Geol. Tennessee, 1869, p. 286. 

Dalmanella stonensis Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 224, pi. 

50, figs. 4, 5. 
Stones Kiver (Pierce): Central Tennessee. 



978 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Ptanodema subfloquata (Conrad). 

Orthis 8ub8dquata Conrad, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Philadelphia, 1, 1843, p. 333. — 
Hall, Pal. Now York, 1, 1847, p. 118, pi. 32, fig. 2; Geol. Wiflconsin, 1, 1862, 
p. 42, figs. 1-3, and p. 436; 2d Ann. Hep. New York State Geol., 1883, pi. 34, 
figs. 19-24.--Emmonfl, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 194, pi. 9, f. 2. — 
Lealey, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 533, figs. 

Orthis minneapolis N. H. Winchell, 8th Ann. Rep. Geol.. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minne- 
sota, 1880, p. 63. 

Orthis perveta Hall, 2d Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1883, pi. 34, figs. 17, 
18 (?16). 

Dalmanella subsequata Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 194, 
207, 224, pi. 5C, figs. 6-11.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, 
p. 156, pi. 10, figs. 3, 4.-- Grabau and Shlmer, N. A. Index FosbUs, 1, 1907, 
p. 261, fig. 3111-^. 

Dalmanella perveta Hall and Clarke, ibid., 1892, p. 224, pi. 5C, figs. 13, 14. 

Orthis (Dalmanella) subsequata Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 
1893, p. 446, pi. 33, figs. 30-36. 

Black River: Mineral Point, Wisconsin; Minneapolis, St. Paul, Cannon Falls, 
Fountain, etc., Minnesota; Decorah and McGregor, Iowa; Auburn, Lincoln 
County, Missouri; Montreal, Canada; New Jersey; Kentudcy; etc. 

Stones River (Pierce — Lebanon): Central Tennessee. 

Planodema subssquata olreularls (N. H. Winchell). 

Orthis circularis N. H. Winchell, 8th Ann. Rep. (reol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minnesota, 

1880, p. 66. 
Orthis (Dalmanella) subsequata var. circularis Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. 

Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 452, pi. 33, figs. 46, 47. 
Black River: Minneapolis, Cannon FaUs, etc., Minnesota (Decorah); High Bridge, 

Kentucky (Lowville). 

Planodema subiequata conradl N. H. Winchell. 

Orthis conradi N. H. Winchell, 8th Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minnesota, 

1880, p. 68. 
Orthis (Dalmanella) subsequata var. conradi Winchell and Schuchert, Mbineeota 

Geol. Surv., 3, 1893, p. 449, pi. 33, figs. 37-39. 
Black River: Minneapolis, Minnesota; Decorah, Iowa; Janesville and Beloit, 

Wisconsin (Platteville); Montreal, Canada. 

Planodema subiequata glbbosa (Billings). 

Orthis gibbosa Billings, (reol. Surv. Canada; Rep. Progn for 1856, 1857, p. 296. 

(Not Billings, 1859=Hebertella vulgaris Raymond.) 
Dabnanella gibbosa Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 224. 
Orthis (Dalmanella) subaequata var. gibbosa Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. 

Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 451, pi. 33, figs. 43-45. 
Black River: Near Ottawa and Bellville, Canada; Minneapolis, Cannon Falls, 

etc., Minnesota; Decorah, Iowa; Mineral Point, Wisconsin; Island of Montreal; 

and Pailideau Islands, Lake Huron. 

Planodema suba^quata peireta (Conrad). 

Orthis perveta Conrad, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1, 1843, p. 333.— Hall, 
Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 120, pi. 32, fig. 5.— Emmons, Amw. Geplpgy, 1, 
pt. 2, 1855, p. 194, pi. 9, f^. 5.-"Hall, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1862, p. 42, fig. 7.— 
Billings, Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 130, ^. 57.— Hall, 36th Rep. New York State 
Mus. Nat. Hist., 1884, p. 75, pi. 3, fig. 6. — Lealey, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, 
Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 529, 6 figs. 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC LIST OP GENBBA AND SPECIES. 979 

Planodems subiequats peireta— Continued. 

OrUuB media N. H. Winchell, 8th Ann. Bep. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minnesota, 1880, 

p. 64. 
Orthifl kaasubae N. H. Winchell, ibid., 1880, p. 65. 

TOrthis perveta Walcott, Mon. U. S. GeoL Surv., 8, 1884, p. 72, pi. 11, fig. 3. 
Dalmanella perveta Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pi. 5C, fig. 12. 
Ortfaifl (Dalmanella) subsequata var. perveta Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. 

Minnesota, 3, 1893, pi. 33, figs. 40-42. 
DalmanoUa Bubsequata var. pervetus Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 

49, 1902, p. 26. 
Black River: Mineral Point, etc., WiBconsin; Minneapolis, St. Paul, Cannon 

Falls, etc., Minnesota; Decorah, Iowa; Dixon, Illinois; Tennessee. 
PfcfuXypet.— Cat. No. 17236, U.S.N.M. 

PILOCBRAS Salter. Genotype: P. invaginatum Salter. 

Piloceras Salter, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 15, 1859, p. 376.— Billings, 
Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 364; ibid., 5, 1860, p. 170.— CHkpman, 
Canadian Jour., n. s., 8, 1863, p. 22; Expos. Min. Geol. Canada, 1864, p. 130.— 
Banande, Syst. Sil. du Centre Boheme, 2, pt. 1, 1867, p. 452.— Whitfield, 
Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1, 1881, p. 27, fig. 4.— Hyatt, Proc. Boston Soc. 
Nat Hist., 22, 1884, p. 266.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1884, p. 362.— Foord, 
Geol. Mag., dec. 3, 4, 1887, pp. 541, 545; Bep. 57th Meeting British Assoc. 
Adv. ScL, 1888, p. 717; Cat. Foss. Ceph. British Mus., 1, 1888, p. 157.— MiUer, 
N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 453.— Bather, Nat. Sci., 5^894, pp. 429, 433, ^. 5.— 
Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 769.— Hyatt, Zittel-Eastman 
Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 515; 2d ed., 1913, p. 596.— Ruedemann, Bull. New 
York State Mus., 80, 1905, pp. 326, 329.— Grabau and Shlmer, N. A. 
Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 45. 
Proteropiloceras Ruedemann, BuU. New York State Mus., 80, 1905, pp. 326, 330. 

FDoeeras amplum Dawson. 

Piloceras amplum Dawson, Canadian Nat., 10, 1883, pp. 1-4, figs. 1, 2. — ^Foord, 
Geol. Mag., dec. 3, 4, 1887, p. 543, fig. 2, p. 544; Cat. Foss. Ceph. British 
Mus., 1, 1888, p. 159, fig.— Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 80, 
1905, p. 329, ig. 21. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Lachute, Canada. 

FDoeeras canadense Billings. 

Piloceras Canadense Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 171, ^. 16; Pal. 

Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 256.— Foord, Cat. Foss. Ceph. British 

Mus., 1, 1888, p. 162. 
Canadian: Mingan Islands; Cape Norman and Port Aux Choix, Newfoundland 

(Quebec, F-H). 

FDoeeras eomleuluiii Sardeson. 

Piloceras comiculum Sardeson, Bull. Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sci., 4, 1896, p. 103, 

pi. 6, figs. 5-7. 
Ozarkian (Oneota): Near Dresbach, Winona County, Minnesota. 

FUoeeras explanator Whitfield. 

Piloceras explanator Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist, 1, 1886, p. 323, 
pi. 28, figs. 1-4.— Foord, Cat. Foss. Ceph. British Mus., pt. 1, 1888, p. 162.— 
Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 650, figs.— Clarke, Geol. 
Minnesota, 3, 1897, p. 769, pi. 2.— Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 
80, 1905, p. 329, pi. 10-13, pi. 9, fig. 3; ibid., 90, 1906, p. 429, pi. 10, 11.— 
Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 45, fig. 1243.-HSeely, 
Vermont State Geol., Rep. 7, 1910, pi. 57, fig. 11. 

Canadian (Beekmantown): Fort Cassin, Vermont, and Valcour, New York. 



980 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Ptloceras graclle Billings. 

Piloceras gracile BilliogB, Pal. Foas., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 257. 
Canadian (Quebec-H): Schooner Island, Pistolet Bay, Newfoundland. 

Piloceras nbwton-winchblu Clarke. See Clarkoceras newton ¥dnchelli. 

Ptioeeras trlton Billings. 

Piloceras Triton Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 257. 

Canadian (Quebec, G-H): West side Pistolet Bay, Newfoundland. 

. 

PiLOCBBAS wiNCHSLLi BliUer. See Clarkoceras newton winchelli. 

Ptloceras worthent Billings. 

Piloceras wortheni Billings, Pal. Foas., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 256, fig. 

240a-d.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 453, fig. 758.--Grabau and Shimer, 

N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 46, fig. 1244. 
Canadian (Quebec-H): Port auz Choix, Newfoundland. 

PiNNAPORSLLA Simpsou. Soo PtUoporella Hall. 

PiNNAPORiNA Simpson. See Ptiloporella Hall. • 

PISOCRINUS Dekoninck. (Genotype: P. pilula Dekoninck. 

Pisocrinus Dekoninck, Bull. Acad. Roy. Belgique, 2d ser., 4, 1858, p. 93. — 
Salter, Cat. Camb. Sil. Foss., 1873, p. 128.— Angelin, Icon. Oin., 1878, p. 
20.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, Munich, 1879, p. 348.— Wachsmuth and Springer^ 
Proc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Philadelphia, 1886, p. 172 (Rev. Pal., 3, p. 96); ibid., 
1888, p. 350.— Miller, "N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 269.— Bather, Kongl. Sven. 
Vet.-Akad. Handl., 25, No. 2, 1893, pp. 21, 22, pi. 1, figs. 1-23; p. 25, figs. 
1-2; Nat. Sci., 12, 1898, p. 343.-^aekel, Zeite. d. d. geol. Gesell., 52, 1900, 
p. 482.— Sollas, Quart. Jour. Creol. Soc. London, 56, 1900, p. 270.— Bather, < 
Treatise on Zool., pt. 3, Echinodenna, London, 1900, p. 149, fig. 62.— Wachs- 
muth, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 135.— Slocom, Field Columbian 
Mus., 2, Geol. Ser., 1908, p. 278.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 
2, 1910, p. 498.— Springer, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 208. 

Triacrinus Ringuebei^ (not Mdnster), Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1884, 
p. 144. (Genotype: T. pyriformls Ringuebeig.) 

Plsoerlnus baccula Miller and Gurley. 

Pisocrinus baccula Miller and Gurley, Bull. Illinois State Mus. Nat. Hist., 7, 
1895, p. 79, pi. 5, figs. 23-26.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 749, 
fig. 1368. 
Niagaian (Laurel): Near St. Paul, Indiana. 

Pisocrinus benedict! Miller. 

Pisocrinus benedicti Miller, 17th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Res., 1892, 
p. 639, pi. 6, figs. 13-16 (adv. sheets, 1891, p. 29); N. A. Geol. Pal., 1st App., 
1892, p. 681, fig. 1242.— Slocom, Field Columbian Mus., 2, Geol. Ser., 1908, 
p. 279, pi. 84, figs. 8-11. 

Niagaian: Marion, Wabash, etc., Indiana; Lemont, Illinois. 

Pisocrinus eampana Miller. 

Pisocrinus campana Miller, 17th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Res., 1892, 

p. 642, pi. 11, figs. 4, 5 (adv. sheets, 1891, p. 32). 
Niggaran: Wabash, Indiana. 

Pisocrinus gemmlformis Miller. 

Pisocrinus gemmiformis Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 2, 1879, p. 113, 
pi. 9, figs. 6, 6a, 6b, 6c; N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 269, fig. 391; 17th Ann. 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC LIST OF QEKEBA AND SPECIES. 981 

Plfloerlnus gemmlformls— Continued. 

Rep. Dep.|GeoL Nat. Ees. Indiana, 1892, p. 636, pi. 6, figs. 10-12, 24, 25 (adv. 
aheetB, 1891, p. 26).— ^ocom, Field Columbian Mus., 2, Geol. Ser. 1908, 
p. 278, pi. 84, figs. 1-4. 
Niagaian: Oegood, St. Paul, etc., Indiana (Oegood and Laurel); Borneo and 
Lemont, Illin^ (Racine). 

Ftsoeiinus gUbellus Rowley. 

PiBocrinus glabeUus Rowley, Amer. Geol., 34, 1904, p. 270, pi. 16, figs. 10-12. 
Niagaran (Bainbridge): Near St. Marys, Ste. Genevieve County, Miasouri. 

Flsoerlnas globosus (Ringuebeig). 

Tiiacrinusg^boeuB Ringuebeig, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Philadelphia, 1884, p. 146, 

pi. 3, fig. 2. 
Pieocrinus globoeus Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 269.--Rowley, Amw. Geol., 

34, 1904, p. 270, pi. 16, figs. 8, 9. 
Clinton (Iiondequoit): Lockport, New York. 
TNiagaran (Bainbridge): Near St. Marsha, Ste. Genevieve County, Missouri. 

PiaocBiNns ooBBTi MiUer (part). See PiBocrinus quinquelobus. 

Ptoocrlnas gorbyl Miller. 

PisocrinuB gorbyi Miller, 17th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Res., 1892, 

p. 640, pi. 6, figs. 17-20 (adv. sheets, 1891, p. 30); N. A. Geol. Pal., 1st App., 

1892, p. 681, fig. 1243.— Rowley, Amer. Geol., 34, 1904, p. 269, pi. 16, figs. 

4-7.— Orabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 498. 
Niggaran: Wabash, Marion, etc., Indiana; St. Mars^s, Ste. Genevieve County, 

Missouri (Bainbridge). 

PIsoerlniis granulosus Rowley. 

Pisodinus granulosus Rowley, Amer. Geol., 34, 1904, p. 269, pi. 16, figs. 1-3. 
Niggaran (Bainbridge): Near St. Marys, Ste. Genevieve County, Missouri. 

PisocRiNUS unjjQASM Miller and Gurley. See Pisocrinus quinquelobus. 

Plsocrinus pyrlformis (Ringueberg). 

Triacrinus pyriformis Ringuebei^g, Ptoc. Acad. Nat Sci., Philadelphia, 1884, 

p. 145, pi. 3, ^. 1. 
Pisocrinus pyriformis Miller, N. A. Creol. Pal., 1889, p. 270. 
Clinton (Irondequoit): Lockport, New York. 

Plsoerlnns quinquelobus Bather. 

Haplocrinites hemisphericus Troost, Amer. Jour. Sd. Arts, 2d ser., 8, 1849, p. 

420; Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sd., 2, 1850, p. 61 (nom. nud.). 
Pisocrinus gorbyi (in part) Miller, 17th Rep. Indiana (reol. Nat. Res., 1892, p. 

640, pi. 6, figs. 21-23. 
Pisocrinus quinquelobus Bather, Crin. Gotland, pt. 1, 1893, p. 27; Amer. Geol., 

17, 1896, p. 184.— Slocom, Field Columbian Mus., 2, Geol. Ser., 1908, p. 

280, pi. 84, figs. 5-7. 
Pisocrinus milJiganffi Miller and Gurley, Bull. 7, Illinois State Mus. Nat. Hist., 

1895, p. 80, pi. 5, figs. 27, 28.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 749, 

figs. 1369, 1370.— Foerate, Jour. Geol., 11, 1903, p. 712.— Wood, Bull. U. S. 

Nat. Mus., 64, 1909, p. ^.— Orabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, 

p. 498, fig. 1807. 
Niagaran: Decatur County, Tennessee (Brownsport): Romeo, Illinois (Racine). 
Ptemotypf.— €at! No. 39941, U.S.N.M. (Troost's type of H. hemisphericus.) 



982 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PIZARROA Hoek. Genotype: P. quickuana Hoek. 

Pizanoa Hoek, Neues Jahrb. Min. Geol. Pal., 34. 1912, p. 246. 

Plsarros qulekuans Hoek. 

Pizanoa quickuana Hoek, Neues Jahrb. Min. CreoL Pal., 34, 1912, p. 246, pi. 8, 

figs. 14, 15. 
Ordovician: Totorapampa, Bolivia. 

PLACENTULA Jones and Holl. Genotype: Piimitia excavata Jones ai.d Holl. 

Placentula Jones and Holl, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 5th ser., 17, 1886, p. 407. — 
Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1st App., 1892, p. 710.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. 
Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 351. 

Placentula Inornats Ulrich. 

Placentula inomata Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 13, 1890, p. 124, pi. 

10, figs. 14a, b. 
Eden (Economy): Covington, Kentucky. 

PliMseiitala msigliiata Ulrich. 

Placentula maiginata Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 13, 1890, p. 124, 

pi. 10, figs. 13a^.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 351, 

figs. 1666d, d^ 
Maysville (Conyville): Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Hohtype.—€Bt, No. 41364, U.S.N.M. 

PLAOOCTvns BALANOIDB8 Haeckol. See Ateleocystites balanoides. 

Plaooctstis cbustacba Haeckel. See Ateleocystites balanoides. 

PuBsioiCTS Hall and Clarke. See Dinorthis Hall and Clarke. 

PlAsioicts lobicvla Hall and Clarke. See Dinorthis (PlsBsiomys) deflecta. 

Pljbsiomys porcata Hall and Clarke. See Dinorthis (Plaesiomys) porcata anticos- 
tiensis. 

Pljbsioicts bbota Hall and Clarke. See Dinorthis (Plesiomys) deflecta. 

PuBsioiCTS RBTBOBSA Hall and Clarke. See Dinorthis carleyi. 

PLANOUTBS Nicholson. Genotype: P. vulgaris Nicholson. 

Planolites Nicholson, Proc. Boy. Soc. London, 21, 1873, p. 289. — ^NichoLxMi and 

Hinde, Canadian Jour., n. s., 14, 1874, p. 138. — ^Nicholson, Rep. Pal. Prov. 

Ontario, pt. 2, 1875, p. 41.— Miller, N. A. Geol. lU., 1889, p. 520.— Waloott, 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 12, 1890, p. 34. 

Planoijtbs viboatus Walcott. See Palseophycus viigatum. 

PlanoUteB mlgarte Nicholson. 

Planolites vulgaris Nicholson and Hinde, Canadian Jour., n. s., 14, 1874, p. 139. — 

Nicholson, Rep. Pal. Prov. Ontario, pt. 2, 1875, p. 42. 
Upper Medinui (Cataract): Dundas, Ontario. 

Planobbis tbilobatus Conrad. See Bucanella trilobata. 

PLASMOPORA Edwards and Haime. Genotype: Porites petaliforadtf Lonsdale. 
Plasmopora Edwards and Haime, Compt. Rend, de I'Acad. Sd., 29, 1849, p. 262; 
Mon. d. Polyp. Foss. d. Terr. Pal., 1851 (Arch du Mus. d'Hist. Nat., 5), pp. 
150, 221.— Pictet, Tiaite de Pal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 438.—Milne-Edwaids, 
Hist. Nat. d. Corall., 3, 1860, p. 239.— Romingw, Geol. Surv. Midiigan, 3, 
pt. 2, 1876, p. 13.— Nicholson, Tab. Corals Pal. Pmod,' 1879, p. 245.— Zittel, 



BIBUOGBAPHIC LIST OF QEKERA AND SPECIES. 983 

nASMOFORA-^Oontinued. 

Handb. Ptd., 1, 1879, p. 212.— Nicholson and Ethendge, Mon. Sil. Fo«. 
Girvan Bist., 1880, pp. 263, 264.— Roemer, Leth. geog., pt. 1, Leth. Pal., 
1883, p. 610.— Koch, Palseontographica, 29, 1883, pp. 334, 343.— Miller, N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 200.— Koken, Die LeitfossUien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 314.— 
Sardeson, Neues Jahrb. Min. Geol. Pal., Beilage-Band, 10, 1896, p. 252.— 
Lambe, Cont. Can. Pal., Geol. Surv. Canada, 4, pt. 1, 1899, p. 82.— Kifir, 
Paleeontographica, 46, 1899, p. 26.— lindstiGm, Kongl. Sven. Vet. Akad. 
Handl., 32, 1899, pp. 36, 72, 74, 75; Zittel-Eaatman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 
108; 2d. ed., 1913, p. 112.— Pocta, Syst. Sil. du Centre Boheme, 8, pt. 2, 1902,» 
p. 300. — Kiftr, Vid.-Selflk. Skrifter, Math.-naturw. Kl., No. 10, 1903, pp. 34, 
54. — Giabau and Shimer, N. A. Jndex Fossils, 1, 1906, p. 98. 

Plabmopora ABTBAroBMJB Calvln. See Plasmopora follis. 

PiASMOPOBA? lusooiDBA Llndstiom. See Lyellia discoidea. 

Plasmopo&a BLBOAN8 Hflill. See Heliolites elegans. 

Flaamopora foDls Edwards and Haime. 

TPoritee? astrafonnis Owen, Geol. Expl. Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois, 2d ed., 1844, 

p. 76, pi. 13, fig. 8. 

Plasmopora follis Edwards and Haime, Mon. Polyp. Foss. d. Terr. Pal., 1851 

(Axch. du MuB. d'Hist. Nat., 5), p. 223, pi. 16, fig. 3, 3a.— Milne-Edwards, 

Hist. Nat. d. Corall., 3, 1860, p. 240.— Roemer, SU. Fauna West Tennessee, 

Breslau, 1860, p. 24, pi. 2, figs. 6, 6a. — Rominger, Geol. Surv. Michigan, 3, 

pt. 2, 1876, p. 14, pi. 3, fig. 2.— Davis, Kentucky Fossil Corals, Geol. Surv. 

Kentucky, pt. 2, 1885, pi. 1, figs. 9, 10.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 200, 

figs. 207.— LindstrOm, Kongl. Sven. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 32, No. 1, 1899, p. 

82, pi. 7, figs. 19-20.— Lambe, Cont. Can. Pal., Geol. Surv. Canada, 4, pt. 1, 

1899, p. 82, pi. 2, figs. 8, 8a.— KiSr, Vid.TSelsk. Skrifter, Math.-naturw. Kl., 

No. 10, 1903, p. 54.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1906, p. 

fig. 167c, d.— Lambe, Cruise of the "Neptune," App. 4, 1906, p. 326. 

Plasmopora astzaformis Calvin, Amer. Geol., 12, 1893, p. 111. 

Niagaran: Perry County, etc., Tennessee (Brownsport); Louisville,' Kentucky 
(Louisville); St. Paul, Indiana (Laurel); Bale de Chaleurs, Quebec; 
Southampton Island; Hudson Bay, etc. 
Observation. — Calvin adopts Owen's specific name ' ' astrafcmnis ** for this species, 

but the original figure of Porites astrafonnis is not sufficient for recognition. 

PUnotype,—C9X. No. 52660, U.S.N. M. (Davis). 

Plasmopora lambll Schuchert. 

Plasmopora lambii Schuchert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 22, 1900, p. 154. 
Mohawkian: Head of Frobishw Bay, Baffin Land. 
Co^pet.— Cat No. 28140, U.S.N.M. 

Plasmopora petallformls (Lonsdale). 

Poiitee petaliformis Lonsdale, Murchison's Sil. Syst., 1839, p. 687, pi. 16, figs. 

4,4a. 
Plasmopora petaliformis Edwards and Haime, Mon. d. Polyp. Foss. d. Terr. Pal., 

1851 (Arch. duMus. d'Hist. Nat., 5), p. 221; British Foes. Corals, 18^, p. 253, 

pi. 59, figs. 1, la-c. — ^Lambe, Contr. Canadian Pal., Geol. Surv. Canada, 4, 

pt. 1, 1899, p. 83, pi. 2, figs. 9, 9a. 
Heliolites sparsus Billings, Canadian Nat. and Geol., n. s., 2, 1865, p. 428; Cat. 

Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 31. — ^Nicholson and 

Ethmdge, Moo. Sil. Foss. Girvan Dist., 1880, p. 249. 



984 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Plasmopors petallformls— Continued. 

Silurian: England* (Wenlock); Dnunmonds Island, Lake Huron (Niagaran); Two 
miles weet of Chicotte RivWi Anticosti (Anticostian— Jupiter Riyer—Ohi- 
cotte); Baie dee Ohaleuis, Quebec. 

pLAaxoFORA PUBLLA. LindstTom. See Lyellia puella. 

PLATTAXUM (Davis) Foerste. Genotype: Pachyporafrondosa Nicholson. 

Platyaxum Davis, Kentucky Fossil CkHtJs, Geol. Surv. Kentucky, pt. 2, 18869 
• expl. pi. 60.— Foerste, Bull. Sci. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 105. 

Platyaxum pegramense (Foerste). 

Pachypora (Platyaxiun) pegramensis Fdtote, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 

1909, p. 103, pi. 3, fig. 57. 
Alveolites pegramensb Foerete, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 104. 
Niagaran (Brownsport): Two miles west of Pegram, Tennessee. 

PUktyaram planostiolatom (Foerste). 

Pachypora (Platyaxum) planostiolata Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 

1909, p. 106, pi. 3, f^, 55. 
Niagaran (Brownsport): Two miles west of Pegram, Tennessee. 

Platyaxum platys Foerste. 

Platyaxum platys Foerete, Jour. Geol., 11, 1903, p. 713. 

Pachypora (Platyaxiun) platys Foerete, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, 

p. 104, pi. 1, f^. 16arc. 
Niagaran (Brownsport): Brownsport Furnace and near Linden, Tennessee. 

PLATTCBRAS Conrad. Genotype: P. dumosum Conrad. 

Platyceras Conrad, 4th Ann. Rep. New York Geol. Surv., 1840, p. 205.— Wood- 
ward, Man. Mollusca, pt. 1,.1851, p. I53.r-Hall, 12th Rep. New York State 
Cab. Nat. Hist., 1859, pp. 15, 16; Pal. New York, 3, 1859, pp. 308, 309, p. 468.— 
Meek and Worthen, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1866, pp. 262, 263; 
Geol. Surv. Illinob, 3, 1868, pp. 384, 387; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 
1868, p. 331; Geol. Surv. Illinois, 5, 1873, p. 334.— Nicholson, Rep. Pal. 
Prov. Ontario, pt. 1, 1874, p. 115.— Wetherby, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. 
Hist., 2, 1879, p. 6, footnote. — ^Lindstrom, Kongl. Sven. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 
19, No. 6, 1881, p. 59.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1882, p. 217.--(Ehlert, Bull. 
Soc. Geol. France, 3d ser., 11, 1883, p. 603.— Koninck, Ann. d. Mus., Royal 
d'Hist. Nat. de Belgique, 8, 1883, p. 169.— Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 
8, 1884, p. 182.— Keyes, Amer. Nat., 22, 1888, p. 925; Amer. Jour. Sci., 3d 
ser., 36, 1888, p. 269; Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc., 25, 1888, p. 231.— Nettelroth, 
Kentucky Foss. Shells, Geol. Surv. Kentucky, 1889, p. 160.— Miller, N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 415.— Keyes, Amer. Geol., 6, 1890, pp. 6-9; Proc. Iowa 
Acad. Sci., 1, pt. 2, 1892, p. 24; Amer. Geol., 10, 1892, p. 273.— Freeh, Zeits. 
d. d. geol. Gesell., 46, 1894, p. 469. — Koken, Die Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, 
pp. 106, 128, 133, fig. 115.— Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 
1897, p. 1068.— Koken, Bull, de TAcad. Imp. Sci. St. Peterebuig, 7, 1897, 
p. 195.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 6, 1899, p. 271.— Girty, Mon. 
U. S. Geol. Surv., 32, pt. 2, 1899, p. 574, pi. 66, figs. 12a-c, lla-d.— Pilsbry, 
Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 461.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat 
Sci., 7, 1901, p. 211; Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 211.— Girty, 
U. S. Geol. Surv., Prof. Pap. 16, 1903, p. 310.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. 
Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 680.— Dall, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 
1913, p. 54. 



BIBUOQRAPHIC UST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 985 

PLATTCKEAS— Continued. 

Acroculia Fhillipey Pal. Fobs. Cornwall, Devon and W. Someraet, 1841, p. 93. — 
Hall, 12Ui Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1859, p. 77.— (Ehlert, Bull. 
Soc. Gecd. France, 3d ser., 11, 1883, p. 602. 

Flstyoeras angnlatam (Hall). 

Acroculia angulaU Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 289, pi. 60, figs. 4a-d. 
Platyceras angulatum Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 211, fig. 

140; BuU. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 211, fig. 140. 
Clinton (Rochester): Lockport, New York. 

TiATTCEMAB BBOWNSPOBTBN8IS Foersto. See Dii^horostoma brownsportense. 

PuLiTCBRAS GAXPANULATUM Wincholl and Maicy. See Diiq;>horo8toma campanu- 
latum. 

Flmtjeermsf eolombtanam Weller. 

Platyceras? columbiana Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 131, 

pi. 4, figs. 7, 8. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Columbia, New Jersey. 

?latyoeras eompmetum Whiteaves. 

Platyceras compactum Whiteaves, Crool. Surv. Canada, Ann. Rep., n. s., 14, 
App. F, 1904, p. 52; Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 260, 
pi. 29, ig, 6. 
Niagaran: Ekwan River, Canada. 

• 
Plattcbrab (Diaphobostoma) ooBNUTUif Hisinger. See Dlaphorostoma niagarense. 

?latyeeras depressum Ulrich and Scofield. 

Platyceras depressum Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 

1069, pi. 61, figs. 55, 56. 
Black River (Decorah): Six miles south of Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 
Holotype,—CaX, No. 45954, U.S.N.M. 

?latyeera8 eDesmerelandl Holtedahl. 

Platyceras ellesmerelandl Holtedahl, 2d Arct. Exp. ''Fram," 1898-1902, No. 32, 

1914, p. 32, pi. 8, fig. 20. 
Helderbergian (Lower beds): Southwestern Ellesmereland, Arctic America. 

Plattcbbas HOTn Walcott. See Pelagiella hoyti. 

Platyeeras laclntosum Rlngueberg. 

Platyceras ladniosum Rlngueberg, Bufblo Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1886, p. 14, pi. 2, 

fig.l. 
Clinton (Rochester): Lockport, New York. 

Platyeerasf membranaceum Rlngueberg. 

Platyceras membranaceum Ringuebeig, Buffalo Soc. Nat. Hist., Bull. 5, 1886, 

p. 15, pi. 2, ^g. 3. 
Clinton (Rochester): Lockport, New York. 

Plattcbbas MnarnssiMUM Walcott. See Pelagiella minutissima. 

Platjeeras nsticotdes Etheridge. 

Platyceras naticoides Etheridge, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 34, 1878, p. 603, 
pi. 27, figs. 4, 4a. 

l: Bessels Bay, Arctic America. 



986 BT3I.LETm 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Ptatyceras nlagarense (Hall). 

Acroculia niagarensis Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 288, pi. 60, fig. S.—Roemer, 
Sil. Fauna West. TennesBee, Breelau, 1860, p. 76, pi. 5, fig. 16. 

Platyceras niagarensis Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Gab. Hist., 1868, p. 341; 
rev. ed., 1870, p. 390.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sd., 7, 1901, p. 211, 
fig. 139; Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 211, fig. 130; Am^. Nat., 
36, 1902, p. 939.-^rabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 680, 
fig. 954. 

Niagaran: Lockport, Rochester, etc.. New York; Ontario (Rochester); West 
Tennessee (Brownsport); etc. 

Plattcbras NIAOARBN8B var. CLINT0NBN8B FooTste. Soo Dlaphorostoma niagarense 
clintonense. 

Plattcbbas (Pulttstoma) NIAOABBN8IS FooTste. Soo Diaphorostoma nlagarense. 

» 

Platyceras proeUye Ringuebeig. 

Platyceras prodive Ringebei^, Bufblo Soc. Nat. Hist., Bull. 5, 1886, p. 14, 

pi. 2, ^, 2. 
Clinton (Rochester): Lockport, New York. 
Observation.— Apparently a Crania. 

Platyceras pronum Foerste. 
' Platyceras pronum Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 65, pi. 3, 
fig. 40. 
Clinton (Osgood): Clifton, Tennessee. 

Platyceras senex (Wlnchell and Marcy). 

Porcellia senex Winchell and Marcy, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1865, p. Ill, 

pi. 3, fig, 6. 
Platyceras senex Miller, N. A. Geol. TbI., 1889, p. 417 (gen. lef.). 
Niagaran (Racine): Chicago, lUinois. 

Platyceras tenaUlratum Hall. 

Platyceras tenuiliratum Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 317, pi. 48, figs. 1-5; 
pi. 49, figs. 6a, b.— Maynard, Maryland Geol. Surv., Lower Dev., 1913, 
p. 476, pi. 85, figs. 1, 2. 

Hdderbeigian: Albany County, New York (New Scotland); Cash Valley, Mary- 
land (Keyser). 

Platyceras ungulforme Hall. 

Platyceras ungulforme Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 322, pi. 59, figs. 1-4.— 

Nettelroth, Kentucky Fosb. Shells, C^l. Surv. Kentucky, 1889, p. 168. 
Helderbergian (New Scotland): Albany and Schoharie Counties, New York. 
?Nlagaran (Louisville): Louisville, Kentucky (Nettelroth). 
Pfeno^pe.— Cat. No. 51342, U.S.N.M. (Nettelroth). 

Platyceras Tetulum Sardeson. 

Platyceras vetulum Sardeson, Bull. Minnesota Soc. Nat. Sd., 4, 1896, p. 76, pi. 4, 

fig. 1. 
St. Peter: South St. Paul, Minnesota. 

Platycera8(f ) wlsconslnense Ulrich and Scofield. 

Platyceras(7) wisconsinensis Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, 

p. 1068, pi. 61, figs. 49-54. 
Black River (Platteville): Beloit, Wisconsin. 
Oo^pe*.— Cat. No. 45955, U.S.N.M. 



BIBUOGBAPHIG USX OF QENBBA AND SPECIES. 987 

FLATTCOLPUS Raymond. Type: Bathyurus capax Billings. 

natycolpuB Raymcod, Boll. Victoria Memorial Mus., 1, 1913, p. 63. 

na^colpos afflnls (Billin^B). 

Dikelocephaltbs affinis Billings, Tal, Foas., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 197, 

figs. 183a, b. 
DiceUocephalus affinis Matthew, Trans. Boyal Soc. Canada, 10, sec. 4, 1893, p. 11, 

footnote. 
Platycolpus affinis Walcott, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 67, No. 13, 1914, p. 349 (gen. 

lef.). 
Ozarkian? (Levi s o rr a tics); Point Levis, Quebec. 

Pla^eolpas tNtfabuenals (Whitfield). 

Dic^oc^halus Barabuensis Whitfield, Ann. Rep. for 1877, Wisconsin Geol. 

Snrv., 1878, p. 63.— Chamberlin, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, p. 141, fig. 
Dikelocephalus Barabuensis Whitfield, €reol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 201, pi. 4, 

figs. 6-9. 
Platycolpus barabuensiB Raymond, Bull. Victoria Memorial Mus., 1, 1913, p. 64. 
Ozarkian (Mendota): East of Baraboo, Wisconsin. 

Platycolpus capax (BiUings). 

Bathyurus capax Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 318, fig. 20; Geol. 

Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. H^, fig. 271a (fig. only); Pal. Foes., 1, 

Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 409, fig. 389. 
Platycolpus capax Raymond, Bull. Victoria Memorial Mus., 1, 1913, p. 63, pi. 7, 

figs. 20 and 21. 
Ozaridan? (Levi s o rr a tics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

Platycolpus dublus (Billings). 

Bathyurus dublus Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 319, fig, 21; Pal. Foss., 
1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 410, fig. 390. 

Platycolpus dubius Raymond, Bull. Victoria Memorial Mus., 1, 1913, p. 64. 

Ozaridan or Canadian: Point Levis, Quebec (Levi s ona tics); Cow Head, New- 
foundland. 

Platyeolpus eatonl (Whitfield). 

Dikelocephalus eatoni Whitfield, Ann. Rep. Ged. Surv. '^^^sconsin for 1877, 1878, 

p. 65; Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 202, pi. 4, figs. 11-17; pi. 10, figs. 4, 5. 
Platycolpus eatoni JUymond, Bull. Victoda Memorial Mus., 1, 1913, p. 63. 
Osarkian (Mendota): Baiaboo, Wisconsin. 

PLATTORiNirBs Miller. See Platycrinus MiUer. 

PiiATTCRiNms Ann Dixoni Troost See Cococrinus baoca. 

PLATTCBINUS Miller. Genotype: P. Isevis Miller. 

Platycrinites Miller, Nat. Hist. Crin., 1821, p. 15, 74.— Goldfuse, Petrefacta, 1826, 
p. 188.— Fischer de Waldheim, Oryct. Gouv. de Moecou, 1830, p. 151.--<jk>ld- 
fuss. Nova Acta Physico Med., Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol., 19, 1839, p. 343.-^ 
Austin and Austin, Mono. Recent and Fossil Crin., 1843, p. 6; Ann. Mag. Nat. 
Hist, 11, 1843, p. 199.— GoldlusB, Petrefacta, 2d ed., pt. 1, 1862, p. 175. 

Platycrinus AgassLs, Ann. Nat. Hist., 1, 1838, p. 447.— McCoy, Syn. Char. Carb. 
Foss. Ireland, 1844, p. 175.— Eoninck, Desc. Animaux Fossiles, Leige, 1842, 
p. 41. — ^Austin. Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 4, 1848, p. 291. — ^D'Orbigny, 
Prodr. de Pal., 1, 1849, p. 103.— McCoy, British Pal. Rocks Foss., 1854, p. 118.— 
E(minck'and Le Hon, Mem. TAcad. Royale Sci., 28, 1854, p. 155, ^.-^ 
Pictot, Traito de Pal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 330.— Hall, Rep. Geol. Surv. Iowa, 1, 

84248'— BnlL 92— vol 2—16 ^18 



988 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSETHf. 

PLATTCRINUS— Continued. 

. pt. 2, 1868, pp. 625, 626, fig. 66.— -White, Boston Jour. Nat. Hist., 7, 1863, p- 
489, footnote; pp. 491, 493, 496.— Meek and Worthen, Proc. Acad. Nat. ScL 
Philadelphia, 1865, pp. 160, 161; Geol. Surv. Illinois, 2, 1866, p. 170, 172. — 
Beyiich, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 7, 1871, p. 400, 401, fig.— Meek and 
Worthen, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 6, 1873, p. 329.— Austin, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 
4ih ser., 16, 1875, p. 90.— Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 
Philadelphia, 1878, p. 243; ibid., 1881, p. 240; ibid., 1887, p. 93; ibid., 1888, 
p. 342.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 364.— Ethoidge and Carpenter, Ann. 
Mag. Nat. Hist., 6th ser., 7, 1881, p. 294.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 
270.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 6, 1899, p. 144.— Bather, Treatise 
on ZooL, pt. 3, Echinoderma, London, 1900, p. 166, 167, fig. 71, 1-3.— Weller, 
Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 1, 1900, p. 139, fig. 61. — 
Springer, Zittel-Eastman Teztb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 199. 

Ptatjerlnus Augusts Slocom. 

Platycrinus augusta Slocom, Field Columbian Mus., Geol. Ser., 2j 1908 (10, 292, 

pi. 86, figs. 6-7). 
Niagaran (Bacine): Drainage Canal near Lemont, Illinois. 

Ptatjcrlnus corporiculus Ringueberg. 

Platycrinus corporiculus Ringuel^rg, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 6, 1886, p. 12, 

pi. 1, f^, 9. 
Clinton (Rochester): Lockport, New York. 

Platyerinusf dubtus Weller. 

Platycrinus? dubius Weller, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci. Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 1, 

1900, p. 140, pi. 14, fig. 4. 
Niagaran (Racine): Bridgeport, Illinois. 

PLATTCRmus PARVUS Hall. See Cordylocrinus plumosus. 

PLATTCBmus PLUMOSUS Hall. See Cordylocrinus plumosus. 

Plattcrinus pramaturus Hall and Whitfield. See Marsipocrinus praematums. 

Platycrinus sUurlcus Hall. 

Platycrinus siluricus Hall, Trans. Albany Inst., 10, 1883, p. 65 (adv. sheets, 1879, 
p.9); 11th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 256, pi. 16, fig. 
15.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 690, figs. 
Niagaran (Waldron): Waldron, Indiana. 

Plattorinus tsnnbsseensis Roemer. See Marsipocrinus tennesseensis. 

Plattotstis Bather. See Platycystites Miller. 

PLATTCTSTITES Miller. Genotype: P. faberi Miller. 

Platycystites Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 272. 
Platycystis Bather, Treatise on ZooL, pt. 3, Echinoderma, 1900, p. 51. 

Ptatycystttes faberi Miller. 

Platycystites faberi Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 272, fig. 398.— Bather, 
Tieatise on ZooL, pt. 3, 1900, Echinoderma, p. 51; Tians. Roy. Soc. Edin- 
burgh, 49, pt. 2, 1913, p. 371, ^. 5. 

Ghazyan (Ottosee) (Silurian in error): Southwestern Vliginia. 

Pla8totype,—C9,t, No. 36396, U.S.N.M. 

PLATTMERELLA Foerste. Genotype: P. manniensis Foesste. 

Platymerella Foerste^ Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 71. 



I 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC LIST OF GENEBA AND SPECIES. 989 

RfttjttiereUa maniiiensis Foerste. 

PlatjrmereUa manniensis Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Deniflon Univ., 14, 1909, p. 70, 

pi. 1, fig. lA-D. 
Upper Medinan (Braasfield): Near Riveraide, Cedar Point, etc., Tennessee. 

PLAmoTOPUs AngeUn. See Amphilichas Raymond. 

PlATTNOTUs Reed. See Arctinunis Castelnau. 

PiATTNOTus TRSNTONENSis Hall. See Amphilichas halll and A. trentonensis. 
PiATTosTOMA Conrad. See Diaph(MX)etoma Fischer. 

Plattostoma NIAOARBN8I8 var. TRIG0N08T0MA Meek. See Diaphorostoma trigonos- 
toma. 

fLATTSCHISMA McCoy. Genotype: Trochus helicites Sowerby. 

Platyschisma McCoy, Syn. Carb. Foes. Ireland, 1844, p. 388.— Dall, Zittel-East- 
man Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 527. 

PtoljsehlBms helietteB (Sowerby). 

Trochus helicites Sowerby, Sil. Syst., 1839, p. 603, pi. 3, figs, le and 5. 
Plat3r8chi8ma helicites Etheridge, Foes. British leJ., 1^ 1888, Paleozoic, p. 114. — 

Williams, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 45, 1913, p. 348, pi. 31, figs. 15, 16, 18. 
Silurian: England; Hersey Cove, Washington County, Maineu(Pembroke). 
Plenotype,—C9X, No. 68977, U.S.N.M. 

PLATTSTROPHIA Kiiig. Genotype: Terebratulites biforata Schlotheim. 

Platystrophia King, Mon. Permian Fossils of England, Pal. Soc., 1850, p. 116. — 
Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1880, p. 675.— W^agen, Mem. Geol. Surv. India, Pal. 
Indica, 13th ser., 1, 1884, p. 549.— Hall, Geol. Soc. Amer., 1, 1889, pp. 19, 20.— 
Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 200.— Winchell and 
Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 454.— Hall and Clarke, 11th Ann. 
Rep. New York State Geol., 1894, p. 268.— Koken, Die Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 
1896, p. 236, fig. 195, 1.2.-^gchuchert, Bull. U. S. GeoL Surv., 87, 1897, p. 
308.— Wysogorski, Zeit. d. d. geol. Gesell., 62, 1900, p. 234.— Cumings 
and Mauck, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 14, 1902, p. 9. — Cumings, Amer. Jour. 
Sci., 4th ser., 15, 1903, p. 1.— Grabau and Shimer, N.. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, 
p. 257. — Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 
891.— Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 381. 

PUtjstrophIa acuminata (James). 

Orthls (Platystrophia) acuminata James, Palseontologist, 1, 1878, p. 7. 
Platystrophia acuminata Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, pi. 6, 

fig. 13. 
Maysville (Mount Auburn): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

natystroplila meutlltrata (Conrad). 

Delthyris acutilirata Coniad, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 8, 1842, p. 260, 

pi. 14, fig. 15. 
Orthis (Platystrophia) acutilirata Meek, Pal. Ohio, 1, 1873, p. 119, pi. 10, fig. 6. 
Orthls biforata var. acutilirata White, 2d Ann. Rep. Indiana Bur. of Stat, and 

Geol., 1880, p. 487, pi. 2, figs. 5-9; 10th Rep. State Geol. Indiana, 1881, p. 119, 

pi. 2, figs. 5-9. 
Orthis acutilirata Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 28. 
Orthis (Platystrophia) biforata var. acutilirata Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, 

Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 508, figs. 



990 BULLBTIN 02, UKITBD STATES NATIONAL MUSBUM. 

PUtjstrophla aeutlllrat*— Continued. 

Platystrophia acutUirata Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt 1, 1892, p. 223.— 
Foerste, Amer. Geol., 31, 1903, p. 340 (loc. occ.). — Cumings, Amer. Jour. Sd.., 
4th ser., 15, 1903, p. 32, fig. 17; p. 33, 35, fig. 18; p. 36, fig. 19; p. 48, fig. 25; 
p. 122, fig. 26, 11, 12, 13.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Foesils, 1, 1907, 
p. 258, fig. 308e-i.— OumingB, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 
1908, p. 912, pi. 35, figs. 3-3d.— Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Deniaon Univ., 16, 
1910, p. 65, pi. 3, figs. 6, 7, 8a-b; pi. 4, fig. 9. 

Platystrophia acutilirata senex Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. 
Indiana, 1908, p. 913, pi. 35, fig. 4 (not 4a-c). 

TSpirifer shephardl Castelnau, Easai Syst. SiL Amer. Sept., 1843, p. 42, pi. 14, 
fig. 15. 

Richmond: Richmond, etc., Indiana; Oxford, Ohio (Whltewat^); Wilmington, 
Illinois (Femvale); Delafield, Wisconsin (Maquoketa). 

Plesiotypes.—C^t. No. 41167, U.S.N.M. (Cumings). 

Plattstbophia acutilirata inflata Foerste. See Platystrophia acutilirata senex. 

Platystrophia acutilirata prolongata Foerste. 

Platystrophia acutilirata prolongata Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 

1910, p. 67, pi. 3, figs. 8a, b. 
Richmond (Whitewater): Richmond, Indiana, etc. 

Platystrophia acutilirata senex Cumings. 

Orthis inflata? James. Cat. Low. Sil. Foes. Cincinnati Group, 1871, p. 10 (nom. 

nud.). 
Platystrophia acutilirata var. senex (port) Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol 

Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 913, pi. 35, figs. 4arK; (not fig. 4»P. acutilirata). 
Platystrophia acutilirata inflata Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, 

pi. 4, fig. 8. 
Richmond (Whitewater): Richmond, Indiana. 

Platystrophia annleaiia Foerste. 

Orthis annieana James, Cat. Low. Sil. Fossils Cincinnati Group, 1871, p. 10 (nom. 

nud.). 
Platystrophia annieana Foente, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, pi. Gt 

fig. 14. 
Richmond (Waynesville): Blanchester, Ohio. 

Platystrophia biforata (Schlotheim). 

Terebratulites biforatus Schlotheim, Petrefactenkunde, 1820, p. 265. 

Delthyris brachynota Hall, Geol. New York, Rep. 4th Dist., 1843, p. 70, ^. 6.— 
Owen, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 48, 1845, p. 303, ^. 6. 

Orthis and Delthyris Owen, €reol. Expl. Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois, 1844, pi. 15, 
figs. 3, 7. 

Delthyris lynx Hall (part; not Eichwald), Pal. New Yorit, 1, 1847, p. 133, pi. 
32D, 6g. 1. 

Spirifer biforata vaf. lynx Hall, ibid., 2, 1852, p. 65, pi. 22, fig. 1. 

Orthis biforatus Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 1, 1856, p. 206, figs. 6-10.— David- 
son, Mon. British Sil. Brach., Pal. Soc., 1871, p. 268, pL 38, figs. 11-25.— Nichol- 
son and Hinde, Canadian Jour., 14, 1874, p. 158.— White, Rep. U. S. Geogr. 
Geol. Surv. west 100th Mmdlan, 4, 1874, p. 74, pi. 4, fig. 9.— Nettelroth, Ken- 
tucky Fossil Shells, Mem. Kentucky Geol. Surv., 1889, p. 35, pi. 29, figs. 18- 
22.— Foerste, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 24, 1889, p. 312.— Dennis, Ftoc. 
Indiana Acad. Sci., 1899, p. 289. 



t 



BIBUOGBAPHIO LI8T OF QENEBA AKD SPBOIBS. 991 

Ptotystrophla biforsta— Continued. 

Orthis lynx BilHngB, <3eol. Canada, 1863, p. 167, fig, 149.— Miller (part), Cin- 
dnnati Quart. Joxir. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 25. 

Orthia (PlatyBtropbia) biforata Meek, Pal. Ohio, 1, 1873, p. 112.— Lesley, Geol. 
Sarv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 506, figs. 

Orthis (PlatysUophla) biforata var. lynx Hall, 2d Ann. Kep. New York State 
Geol., 1883, pi. 35, figs. 11-14 (not figs. 9, 10, 15 of pi. 35 and fig. 30, pi. 34). 

Ftatystrcyphia lynx Hall and Clarke, Pal. New Yoric, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 202, 223, 
pi. 5B, fig. 10.— Keyes, (jeol. Surv. Missouri, 5, 1895, p. 64, pi. 39, ^, 5. 

Flatystrophia biforata Hall, 36th Bep. New York State Mus., 1884, p. 75, pi. 3, 
fig. 2. — Beecher, Amer. Jour. Sd. Arts, 3d ser., 42, 1891, p. 55, figs. 2a, b. — 
Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 455, pi. 33, figs. 51-54.— 
Si^uchert, Bull. U. S. Creol. Surv., 87, 1897, p. 309.— Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. 
Oanada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 177.— Schuchert, Ppoc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
22, 1900, p. 158.— Buedemann, pull. New York State Mus., 49, for 1901, 1902, 
p. 25. — Oumings, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 15, 1903, p. 18; p. 41; p. 42^ figs. 
21, 22, 23; p. 122, fig. 26; 14, £g. 27.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 
3, 1903, p. 153, pi. 9, figs. 25-28.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 
1907, p. 258. 

Oidovidan-Silurian: Various North American localities. 

PU8%otype,—Cs^t. No. 51348, U.S.N.M. (Nettehoth). 
Observation. — ^The above references are to various undetermined species of 

Flatystrophia. 

PuLTTSTROFHiA BIFORATA VST. CRAS8A Wincholl and Schuchert. See Platystrophia 



Plattbtbofhia biforata var. laticosta Hall and Clarke. See Platystrophia lati- 
costa. 

Plattbtrofhia biforata var. ltnx Hall and Clarke. See Platystrophia lynx. 

natystrophia elarksrUlensIs Foerste. 

Platystrophia clarksvillensis Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, p. 

65, pi. 3, figs. 4, 3. 
Richmond (WaynesviUe and Liberty): Fort Ancient, Clarksville, etc., Ohio. 

natystrophia eolbleiials Foerste. 

Platjrstrophia colbiensis Foerste, BuU. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, p. 55, 

pi. 4, figs. 2A-B. 
Platystrophia cf. colbiensiB Foerste, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 21, 1914, p. 

131. 
Trenton (Cynthiana): Between Colby and Winchester, Paris, Lexington, etc., 

Kentucky. 

Platyatrophta colbtenals mutata Foerste. 

Platystrophia colbiensis-mutata Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, 

p. 56, pi. 4, figs. 3a-b. 
Trenton (Cynthiana): Pleasant Valley and near Winchester, Kentucky. 

Flatystrophia colbtenala precursor Foerste. 

Platystrophia colbiensis precursor Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, 
p. 57, pi. 4, fig. 1. 

Trmton (Cynthiana): Between Colby and Winchester, and also between Millers- 
burg and Pleasant Valley, Kentucky. 

PuTTSTBOFHiA oosTATA Cumlngs. See Platystrophia 



L- 



992 BUULETIN 92, UOTTED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Platystrophia erassa (James). 

OrthiB (Platystrophia) dentata?? Meek (not Pander),*Pal. Ohio, 1, 1873, p. 117, 

pi. 10, fig. 3. 
Orthis dentata Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1875, p. 27, 2. 
Qrthis (Platystrophia) biforata dentata Lesley, GeoL Surv. Pennsylvania, Hep. 

P 4, 1889, p. 508, figs. 
Orthis costata Miller (not Pander), Cincinnati Quart* Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 33. 
Platystrophia costata Cumings and Mauck, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 14, 1902, p. 

14, footnote.-Oumings, ibid., 15, 1903, p. 38; p. 122, figs. 26, 27; 32d Anzu 

Kep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Bes. Indiana, 1908, p. 914, pi. 35, figs. 6, 6a. 
Orthis centrosa Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 356. 

Orthis (Platystrophia) erassa James, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 20. 
Platystrophia biforata var. craasa Winchell and Schuchert, GeoL Minnesota, 8, 

1893, p. 458, pi. 33, figs. 55, 56.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., 3, pt 3, Geol. Surv. 

Canada, 1897, p. 178. 
Platystrophia erassa Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt 1, 1892, p. 223. — 

Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils 1, 1907, p. 258, figs. 308a-b.— Foente» 

Bull. Sci. Lab. Denlson Univ., 16, 1910, p. 59, pi. 4, figs. 5a, b. 
Maysville (Fairmount-Conyville): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

Platystrophia cypha (James). 

Orthis (Platystrophia) cypha James, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 20. 

Platystrophia cypha Cimiings, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 15, 1903, p. 39, foot- 
note.— Foerste, Amer. Geol., 31, 1903, p. 341; Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 
16, 1910, p. 61, pL 4, ^, lOar-b; pi. 5, ^. 11; pi. 4, ^. 12; Ohio Nat., 12, 
1912, p. 453, pi. 22, fig. 5. 

Platystrophia lynx var. cypha Cumings, 32d' Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Ree. 
Indiana, 1908, p. 917. 

Maysville (Bellevue and Corryville): Warren County, etc., Ohio; Madison, Vevay, 
etc., Indiana. 

Platystrophia cypha eonradl Foerste. 

Platystrophia cypha conradi Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, 

pi. 4, fig. 7; Ohio Nat., 12, 1912, p. 453^ pi. 22, fig, 3. 
Platystrophia cypha var. Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, pi. 3, 

fg. 5. 
Richmond (Amheim): Near Sn^thville and Summit, Kentucky. 

Platystrophia cypha TersaiUesensls Foerste. 

Platystrophia cypha versalllesensis Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 

1910, pi. 4, fig. 11, 13. 
Richmond: Versailles, Indiana (Liberty); north of Hogan Creek, Indiana 

(Waynesville). 

Platystrophia daytonensis (Foerste). 

Orthis biforata var. lynx forma daytonensis Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison 
Univ., 1, 1885, p. 81, pi. 13, figs. 1-8. 

Orthis (Platystrophia) biforata (part) Foerste, Geol, Surv. C^o, 7, 1895, p. 579, 
pi. 25, fig. 8. 

Platystrophia daytonensis Savage, Bull* Geol. Surv. Illinois, 23, 1913, p. 76, pi. 4, 
fig. 8. 

Upper Medinan: Dayton, Ohio; Hanover, Indiana; Cumberland Gap, Tennes- 
see; Collinsville, Alabama (Brassfield); near Edgewood and Louisiana, 
Missouri; Thebes, Illinois (Edgewood). 

Plattbtrofhia flabella Hall. See Orthis flabellites. 



I 

k 



BIBUOGBAPHIC LIST OF QBKEBA AND 8PBCIE8. 993 

PL4TT8TBOPHIA iNFLATA James. See Orthis acutilirata aenex. 

Flatjstrophlm latlcostft (Meek). 

Qr^iifl ladcostata James, Cat. Sil. Foes. Cincinnati Group, 1871, p. 10 (nom. 

nud.).— ^Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 27. 
Orthis (Platystiophia) laticosta Meek, Pal. Ohio, 1, 1873, p. 116, pi. 10, fig. 4.— 

CumiDgs, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 918, pi. 35, 

figs. 2, 2b. 
Orthis (Platystrophia) biforata var. laticosta Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, 

Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 509, figs. 
Platystrophia biforata var. laticosta Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 

1892, p. 223, pi. 5B, figs. 5-9. 
Platystiophia lynx var. laticosta Cumings and Mauck, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 

14, 1902, p. 14.--0uniings, ibid., 15, 1903, p. 28, footnote p. 29, fig. 15ar-e. 
Platystrophia laticosta Cumings, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 15, p. 30, ^. 16ar-c, 

p. 122, ^. 26, 7, fig. 27.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, 

p. 258.— Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, pi. 3, figs, la, b, 2. 
Maysville (Fairmount-Corsrville): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
?Richmond (WaynesviUe): Waynesville, Ohio. 

Flatystrophla lynx (Eichwald). 

rr^ebratuhi lynx Eichwald, Skizze von Podolis, 1830, p. 202. 

Dehhyrislynx (part) Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 133, pi. 32D, ^. 1.— Rogers, 
Geol. Pennsylvania, 2, pt. 2, 1858, p. 820, ^, 616. 

Orthis lynx Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 196, pi. 14, ^. 9a-p. — 
Hitchcock, Geol. Vermont, 1, 1862, p. 295, ^, 203.— Chapman, Canadian 
Jour., n. 8., 7, 1862, p. 112, hg, 93; ibid., 8, 1863, p. 199, fig. 185; Expos. Min. 
and Geol. Canada, 1864, p. 115, fig. 93; p. 171, fig. 185.— Safford, Geol. Ten- 
nessee, 1869, p. 275, ^. 12, 13.— Miller, Cincinnati Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 25.— 
Chamberlin, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, p. 155, fig.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 
1889, p. 358, fig. 591.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, 
p. 523, figs. 

Orthis biforata Nicholson, Pal. Prov. Ontario, 1875, p. 16, ^, 5. 

Orthis (Platystrophia) lynx Hall, 2d Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1883, 
pi. 34, fig. 30. 

Platystrophia lynx Roemer, Leth. geog., 1, Leth. Pal., Atlas, 1876, pi. 4, figs. 
7a, b. — Shaler, Mem. Geol. Surv. Kentucky, 3d Mem., 1876, p. 43. — Zittel, 
Handb. Pal., 1, Munich, 1880, p. 675, ^. 505.— Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. 
Surv., 87, 1897, p. 310.— Cumings and Mauck, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 14, 
1902, p. 9, pis. 2, 3.— Cumings, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 15, 1903, p. 8, fig. 3; 
p. 10, fig. 4a-c; p. 12, ^. 5; p. 13; p. 18; p. 19, figs. 7»-d^^; p. 20; p. 21, 
^. 8; p. 22, ^. 9; p. 24, ^. 10; p. 25, ^. 11; p. 26, ^, 12; p. 27, fig. 13; 
p. 28, figs. 14, 27.— Foerste, Amer. Geol., 31, 1903, p. 334 (loc. occ). 

Middle and Upper Ordovician: Various localities in the United States and 
Canada. 
Observation. — ^The above references are to various undetermined species of 
Platystrophia. 

Platystrophia ltnx Cumings. See Platystrophia moritura. 

Plattstbofhia ltnx Hall and Clarke. See Platystrophia biforata, 

Plattbtrophia ltnx var. ctpra Cumings. See Platystrophia cypha. 

Plattstrophia ltnx var. laticosta Cumings. See Platystrophia laticosta. 



994 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Plattstrophia lynx var. icoritura. CumtDgB. See Platystrophia moritura. 
Plattstrophia lynx var. pauciflicata Cumings. See Platystrophia paucipUcata. 

* 

Platystrophia moritura (Cumings). 

Platystrophia lynx Cumings, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 15, 1903, p. 24. 
Platystrophia lynx var. moritura Cumings, 82d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. 

Indiana, 1908, p. 920, pi. 35, fig. 5, 5a. 
Richmond (Elkhom): Near Richmond, Indiana. 

Platystrophia morrowensis (James). 

Orthis(?) morrowensis James, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. ScL, 1, 1874, p. 21. 
Platystrophia morrowensis Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, 

p. 60, pi. 6, figs, lla-e, 12a, b. 
Maysville (Corryville): Morow, Cincinnati, etc., Ohio. 

Plattstrophia occidbntalis Hdl. See Hebertella alveata. 

Platystrophia pauclplleata (Cumings). 

Platystrophia lynx var. paucipUcata Cumings, Am^. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 15, 1903, 

p. 23, fig. 9 bis. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Platystrophia paucipucata Foerste. See Platystrophia umonensis. 

Platystrophia ponderosa Foerste. 

Platystrophia ponderosa Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. DeniBon Univ., 14, 1909, p. 225, 
pi. 4, fig. 14; Ohio Nat., 12, 1912, p. 453, pi. 22, fig. 11. 

Maysville (McMillan) and Richmond (Amheim, Waynesville): Cincinnati, Ohio, 
and neighboring localities in Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky; central Ten- 
nessee; southwest Viiginia, etc. 

Platystrophia ponderosa aubumensls Foerste. 

Platystrophia ponderosa aubumensiB Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 

1909, p. 226, pi. 4, ^. 15. 
Orthis (Platystrophia) biforata var. lynx Meek, Pbl. Ohio, 1, 1873, p. 144, pi. 10, 

fig. 1. — Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 509, figs. 
Platystrophia biforata var. lynx Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 

202, 223, pi. 5B, figs. 1-4. 
Platystrophia lynx Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 258, ^, 

308c-d, 309.— Oumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 

914, pi. 35, figs. 1, Ig, 7, 7c.— Hayes and Ulrich, U. S. Geol. Surv., folio 96, 

illustr. sheet, 1903, figs. 21, 22. 
Majrsville (Mount Auburn): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
Plesioiype.—C&t. No. 35408, U.S.N.M. (Hayes and Ulrich). 

Platystrophia ponderosa stevensonl Grabau. 

Platystrophia ponderosa var. stevensoni Grabau, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., 24, 1913, 

p. 453, pi. 12. 
Cincinnatian (Bays): Big Walker Moimtain, Virginia. 
Observation. — ^In all probability the same as Orthorhynchula linneyi. 

Platystrophia proftindosulcata (Meek). 

OrthiB (Platystrophia) laticosta var. profimdosulcata (James) Meek, Pal. Ohio, 1, 

1873, p. 117, pi. 10, figs. 2a-d. 
Platystrophia profundosulcata Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, 

p. 58, pi. 6, figs. 15a-c. 
Maysville (Mount Hope, Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 



BIBLIOOBAPHIO U8T OF OENEBA AKD SPECIES. 995 

Platystropliia refularls Shaler. 

Platystrophia regaianB Shaler, Bull. Mob. Comp. ZooL, 4, 1866, p. 67. 
Gamachian (EUIb Bay) and Anticostian (Gun River): Junction Cliff, etc., Anti- 
co0ti. 

PUtjstrophia reTersata (Foente). 

Orthis bifoiata var. lynx forma revemta FoefBte, Bull. ScL Lab. Deniacm Univ., 1, 

1885, p. 81, pi. 13, fig. 7. 
OrthiB (Platystrophia) bifoiata (part) Foerste, Qed. Ohio, 7, 1805, p. 579, pi. 25, 

fig. 7. 
Upper Medinan (Braasfield): Dayton, Ohio. 

Plattstbofhia subquadrata Hall. See DinorthiB (PlMomys) subquadrata. 

PLATT8TROPHIA TBiCBNARiA Hall. See Orthis tricenaria. 

Platystrophia unlcootata Cumings. 

Platystrophia unicostata Cumings, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 15, 1903, p. 31; p. 122, 

fig. 26, 8.— Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, pi. 4, Hg. 6. 
liaysville (Bellevue): Ohio County, Indiana. 

Platystrophia nnlonenais Bassler (new name). 

Platystrophia paudplicata Foerste (not Cimiings, 1903), Cincinnati Soc. Nat. 

Hist. Jour., 21, 1909, p. 25, pi. 1, fig. 15. 
Clinton (West Union): West Union, Ohio. 

Platystrophia waUowayl Foerste. 

Platystzophia wallowayi Foerste, Ohio Nat., 12, 1912, p. 453, pi. 22, fig. 6. 
Richmond (Amheim): Walloway Creek, Marion Coimty, Kentucky. 

PLSOTAMBONrrES Pander. Genotype: P. planissima Pander. 

Plectambonites Pander, Beitrage zur Greognosie des Rubs. Reiches, 1830, p. 90, 
pi. 8, figs. 8, 16; pi. 28, fig. 19.~Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, 
pp. 236, 295.— Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, pp. 413.— 
Hall and COarke, llth Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1894, p. 290.>-Sai^ 
deson, Amer. Geol., 19, 1897, p. 181. — Grabau, Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 
1901, p. 182; Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 182.— Grabau and Shimer, 
N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 227.— Cumings, 82d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. 
Nat. Res. Indiana, p. 892. 

pLBCTAMBONrrBS (Ehlcrt. See Leptsena Dalman. 

PLscTAMBONrTES ARCA Shaler. See Stropheodonta (Brachyprion) leda. 

PleetamlM>iiites eentrlcariiiatus Ruedemann. 

Plectambonites centricarinatus Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 162, 

1912, pi. 4, fig. 7. 
Eden (Indian Ladder): Indian Ladder, Albany County, New York. 

PleetamlM>iiites eurdsriUeiisis Foerste. 

Plectambonites .curdsviUensis Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 1912, p. 122, 

pi. 10, figs. 15a, b. 
Trenton (Curdsville): Glenn Creek Station, Woodford County, Kentucky. 

FleetamlM>iiites gibbosus Winchell and Schuchert. 

Plectambonites gibbosa Winchell and Schuchert, Amer. Geol., 9, 1892, p. 288; 

Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 416, pi. 32, figs. 13-17. 
Leptsena gibbosa Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 761 (gen. ref.). 
Trenton (Prosser): Mantorville, Old Concord, and near Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 



996 BULLBTIK 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Plectambonltes glaber Shaler. 

Plectambonites glabra Shaler, Bull. Mus. Gomp. ZooL, 1, 1866, p. 64. 
Plectambonites glaber Shaler, Mem. Creol. Surv. Kentucky, 1, 1876, p. 29. 
Leptsena glabra Foerste, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 24, 1889, p. 294. 
Anticostian: Island of Antioosti. 

Plectambonites minnesotensls (Sardeson). 

Leptsena minnesotensis Sardeson, Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sci., 3, 1892, p. 329, pi. 4, 

figs. 24, 25. 
Trenton (Prosser): Goodhue County, etc., Minnesota. 

Plectambonites plsum Ruedemann. 

Plectambonites pisum Reudemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 49, 1902, p. 19, 

pi. 1, figs. 8-20.— Bassler, Bull. Virginia Geol. Surv., 2a, 1909, pi. 3, figs. 17, 18. 
Mohawkian: Rysedorph Hill and Moordener Kill, New York (Rysedorph); 

Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia (Chambersburg). 

Plectambonites pUcatellus (Ulrich). 

Leptsena plicatella Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1879, p. 16, pi. 7, 

fig. 12.* 
Plectambonites plicatella Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pi. 15A, 

figs. 34, 36.— Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1912, p. 122, pi. 1, 

figs. 8a, b. 
Eden: Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity (Fulton); New York (Indian Ladder). 

Plectambonites precosls (Sardeson). 

Leptsena precosb Sardeson, Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sci., 3, 1892, p. 329, pi. 4, £99. 

26-28. 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Fillmore County, Minnesota. 

Plectambonites productus Hall and Clarke. 

Plectambonites producta Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1896, p. 360, 

pi. 84, figs. 23-26; 48th Rep. New York State Mus., 2, p. 364, pi. 6, figs. 11, 12; 

14th Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, p. 364, pi. 6, figs. 11, 12. 
Niagaran: Yellow Springs, Ohio. 

Plectambonites reeedens (Sardeson). 

Leptaena reeedens Sardeson, Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sci., 3, 1892, p. 330, pi. 4, 

figs. 29-32; Amer. Geol., 19, 1897, p. 182. 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Fillmore County, Minnesota. 

Plbctaiibonites rhohboidalis Eeyes. See Leptsena rhomboidalis. 

Plectambonites mgosus (Meek). 

Leptsena rugosa James, Cat. Foss. Cincinnati Group, 1871. 

Leptsena sericea var. rugosa Meek, Pal. Ohio, 1, pt. 2, 1873, pi. 6, figs. 3f, g, h. 

Plectambonites rugosa Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1912, p. 123, 

pi. 1, figs. 7a-c; pi. 10, figs. 7a-d. 
Leptaena aspera James, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 161. 
Plectambonites sericeus var. asper Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 49, 

1901, p. 18, pi. 1, figs. 6, 7; ibid., 8, p. 626. 
Eden: Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

Plectambonites mgosus clarksrUlensls Foerste. 

Plectambonites rugosus clarksvillensis Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 

1912, p. 127. 
Richmond (Waynesville and Liberty): Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky. 



BmuOQBAPHIO LIST OF QBNBB4 AKD 6PB0IE8. 997 

nefUmbonltes saxens (Sardeaon). 

Leptena saxea Sardeson, Minneeota Acad. Nat. ScL, 8, 1892, p. 330, pi. 4, figs. 

83^35. 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Bristol, Minnesota. 

nectambonltes serleeus (Sowerby). 

Leptaena soicea Sowerby, Murchison'a Sil. Sys., 1839, pi. 19, figs. 1, 2.— Hall 
Pal. New York, 1, 1847, pp. 110, 287, pi. 31B, ^. 2; pi. 79, ^. 3; ibid., 2 
18a2, p. 59, pL 21, fig. 1.— Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 1, 1856, p. 41, fig 
2.— Rogers, Greol. Pennsylvania, 2, pt 2, 1858, p. 818, ^. 599.— Emmons 
Man. Geology, 1860, p. 99, ^. 88.— Hitchcock, Geol. Vermont, 1, 1861, p 
294, fig. 200.--Ghapman, Ganadiad Jour., n. s., 7, 1862, p. 112, ^. 97; ibid. 
8, 1863, p. 205, ^. 204.— Billings, Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 163, fig. 139.— 
Campman, Expos. Min. Geol. Canada, 1864, p. 166, fig. 97; p. 177, fig. 204.— 
Safford, Geol. TeniiesBee, 1869, p. 275, fig. 1.— Davidson, Mon. British Sil. 
Brach., P^. 8oc., 1871, p. 323, pi. 48, figs. 10-19.— Meek, Pal. Ohio, 1, 1873, 
p. 70, pi. 5, fig. 3.— Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 57. — 
TWhite, Wheel^'s Expl. Surv. west of 100th Merid., 4, 1875, p. 70, pi. 4, 
fig. 7.— Eayser, Pal. Sixppl., 3, 1876, p. 21, pi. 3, fig. 19.— Hall, 2d Ann. 
Rep. New York State Geol., 1883, pi. 46, figs. 25-29.— Chamberlin, Geol. 
WiBconsin, 1, 1883, p. 155, fig.— Hall, 35th Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. 
Hist., 1884, pi. 22, fig. 3.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, 
p. 328, figs.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 348, ^, 570.— Foerste, Proc. 
Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 24, 1889, p. 293.— Eeyes, Geol. Surv. Missouri, 5, 
1895, p. 75, pi. 39, fig. 9.— Eayser, Zeit. d. d. geol. Gesell., 49, 1897, p. 283. 
Stiophomena sericea Com»d, 3d Ann. Rep. Geol. Surv. New York, 1840, p. 201. — 
Emmons, Geol. New York, Rep. 2d Diet., 1842, p. 294. — Owen, Amer. Jour. 
Sd. and Arts, 47, 1844, p. 366, fg, 1, p. 369; Geol. Expl. Iowa, Wisconsin, 
Illinois, 2d ed., 1844, p. 84, pi. 17, ^, 5. — Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 
1855, p. 199, pi. 11, figs. 6ar-f. 
Strophomena semiovalis Vanuxem, Greol. New York, Rep. 3d Dist., 1842, p. J7. 
Plectambonites sericea Shaler, Mem. Surv. Kentucky, 1, 1876, p. 28. — Hall and 
Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pi. 15, figs. 25-29.— Winchell and 
Schuchert, Minnesota Geol. Surv., 3, 1893, p. 414, pi. 32, figs. 10-12.— 
Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 174.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. 
Nat. Sd., 7, 1901, p. 183, ^, 89; Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 183, 
fig. 89.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 149, pi. 9, figs. 14, 
15; p. 216, pi. 16, figs. 2, 3.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, 
p. 227, fig. 274ar-b. — Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 
1908, p. 922, pi. 36, figs, l-lc— Bassler, Bull. Viiginia Geol. Surv., 2a, 1909, 
pi. 14, figs. 1, 2. 
Plectambonites cf. sericeus Kindle and Breger, 28th Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. 

Res. Indiana, 1904, p. 431, pi. 2, &g. 22, 
Plectambonites sericeus typus Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 162, 

1912, pi. 4, figs. 3-6 (var. jugata suggested in case distinct). 
Mohawkian and Cincinnatian: England; various localities in the United States 
and Canada. 
Observation. — ^The above citations undoubtedly refer to several distinct species. 
Pfeno^pw.— Cat. No. 8552, U.S.N.M. (White). 

Plbctambonitbs sbriceus var. aspbr Ruedemann. See Plectambonites rugosus. 

PLBCTAMBONrrES SERiCBUS TTPus Ruedemann. See Plectambonites sericeus. 
Plbczambonitbb tbnbba Shaler. See Plectambonites transveraalis. 



998 BULLETIKr 92^ UKITED STATES KATIOKAL MXJ8BXJM. 

Ple6tamboiilte8 tennesseensls Foerate. 

Plectambonites tennesseensifl Foente, Jour. 6eol., 11, 1908, p. 706; BvlL ScL 

Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 83, pi. 1, figs. 5 A-E. 
Niagaran (Waldron): Iron City, NewBom, etc., Tenneasee. 

Pleetambonltes transyersalls (Wahlenbeig). 

Anomites transversalis Wahlenberg, Act. Sec. UpaaHentaii, 3, 1821, p. 64. 

Strophomena elegantula Hall, Geol. New Ycn^, Rep. 4th Diet., 1843, p. 72, fig. 
1.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvaiua, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 1126, fig. 

Stroi^omena transversalis Hall, Ibid., 1843, p. 105, ^. 4. — Owen, Amer. Jour. ScL 
Arte, 48, 1845, p. 812, fig. 4. 

L^tena transversalis Dalman, Ecmgl. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 1828, p. 109, pi. 1, 
fig. 4.— Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 256, pi. 53, fig. 5.— Billings, Canadian 
Nat. Geol., 1, 1856, p. 138, pi. 2, figs. 14, 15.— Sa£ford, Geol. Tennessee, 1869» 
p. 315, ^. 12.~David8on, Mon. British Sil. Brach. Pal. Soc., 1871, p. 318, 
pi. 48, figs. 1-9.— Hall, 2d Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1883, pi. 46, 
figs. 34-36. 

Plectambonites tenera Shaler, Bull. Mus. Comp, Zool., 4, 1865, p. 64. 

Leptama transversalis var. elegantula Foerste, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist, 24» 
1890, p. 294, pi. 6, fig. 6. 

Plectambonites transverealb Hall and Clarke, Pal. New Yoric, 8, pt. 1, 1892, 
p. 298, pi. 15, figs. 34-36.— Foerste, Geol. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 566, pi. 25, ^. 5; 
pi. 30, fig. 13; pi. 81, ^. 6.-<3rabau, Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, 
p. 183, fig. 98; Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 183, ^, 90.— Whiteaves, 
Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 251.— Gfabau and Shimer, 
N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 227, ^, 275. 

CSinton-Niagaran: Europe; New York, Indiana, Wisconsin, Tennessee, etc.; 
Ontario; New Brunswick and Anticoeti; South America. 

Pleetambonitea tranaversallB alabamenais (Foerste). 

Leptaena transversalis var. alabamensis Foerste, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat Hut., 
• 24, 1890, p. 296, pi. 5, ^. 9. 
Plectambonites transversalis alabamenwiH Schuchert, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 

1897, p. 311. 
Clinton: Collinsville, Alabama. 

Plectambonites transyersalls prolongatits (Foerste). 

Leptsena prolongata Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 1, 1885, p. 79, pi. IS, 

fig. 5. 
Leptsena transversalis var. prolongata Foerste, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist, 24, 

1890, p. 297, pi. 5, fig. 13. 
Plectambonites transversalis prolongatus Schuch^, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 87, 

1897, p. 311. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Dayton, Ohio; Wild wood Stalion, Geoigia. 

PLBCTOCERAS Hyatt. Genotype: Nautilus jason Billings. 

Plectoceras Hyatt, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 22, 1883, p. 268; Amer. Phil. Soc. 
Proc., 32, 1894, p. 499.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 776.— 
¥7hiteave8, Geol. Surv. Canada Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 299.— Ruede- 
mann. Bull. New York State Mus., 90, 1906, p. 482.— Grabau and Shimer, 
N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 72. 

Pleetoeeras bickmoreanum (Whitfield). 

Lituites Bickmoreanus Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1, 1885, p. 191, 
pi. 21, figs. 1-3.— Newell, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 23, p. 485 (loc. occ.).— 
Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, R^. P 4, 1889, p. 355, figi. 



BIBUOORAPHIC LIST 07 (BSNBXA, AND SPE0IB8. 990 

fleetoeeras blekmoreaimm— Continued. 

Litiutes (OphidiocerBs) bkkmoreaniu Kindle and Breger, 28di Ann. Rep. Dep. 

Ged. Nat. Bee. Indiana, 1904, p. 473, pi. 25, fig. 1. 
Flectoceraa biclonoreanum Giabaa and Sfaimer, N. A. Index ItmSk, 2, 1910, 

p. 73. 
Niagaran: t^abash, Delphi, Huntington, etc., Indlttia. 
Pluiotype.-^ai. No. 52046, U.S.N Jl. 

neetoeeras bondl (Saffoid). 

Cyrtoceras Bondi Safford, Geol. Tennessee, 1860, p. 290, pi. 4 (0. 8), fig. 8ft-d. 
Flectoceras bondi Grabau and Sbimer, N. A. Index Fonils, 2, 1910, p. 78. 
SUmes River (Murfreesboro): Central Tenni 



neetocerae halll (Fooid). 

Inachus undatus (part) Conrad, in Emmon'a Geology, New York, pi. 2, Sunr. 2d 

Geol. DlBt., 1842, p. 394, No. 104, ''fig. 2, edge view.'' 
Litiiitee undatua (part) Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 52, pi. 13, figs, la, lb.— 

Emmons, Amer. Geol., pt. 2, 1855, p. 146, pi. 5, fig. 14a.— Billings, Ged. 

Canada, 1863, pp. 156, 951. 
Cryptoceras undatum Chapman, Canadian Jour., n. a., 2, 1857, p. 267; Ann. Mag. 

Nat. Hist., 2d ser., 20, p. 107. 
Trocholitee undatus (part) Hyatt, Proc. Bostcm 8oc. Nat. Hist., 22, 1883, p. 267. 
Trochoceras halli Foord, Cat. Sil. Foes. Ce|^. British Mus., pt. 2, 1891, p. 42, 

figs. 4a-4>. 
Flectoceras halli Whiteavee, Ottawa Nat, 17, 1903, p. 119, 120, 161; Geol. Surv. 

Canada Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 302, pi. 85, figs. 3, 4, 4a. 
Flectoceras obecurum Hyatt, Proc. Amer. Phil. 8oc., 32, 1894, p. 446. 
Black River: Lorette, near Quebec, and near Ottawa, Canada. 

Fleetoeeraa Jason (Billings). 

Nautilus Jason Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 464. 

Flectoceraa Jason Hyatt, Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. Proc. 22, 1884, p. 268; Amer. Phil. 

See. Proc., 32, 1894, p. 499.— Whiteaves, Ottawa Nat., 17, 1908, p. 120.— 

Ruedemann, Bull. New Y<A State Mus., 90, 1906, p. 484, pi. 24, ^. 1; pis. 

29-31, figs. 42-44.— Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 1906, 

p. 301, pi. 36, figs. 1, 2.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910. 

p. 73, fig. 1285.— Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 158, 1912, p. 

141, pi. 1. 
Chasyan: Mingan Islanda Canada (Ifingan); Valcour Island, New York (Crown 

Point). 

Pleotocebas oBfiouBUM Hyatt. See Flectoceras hallL 

Fieetoceraa tyrans (BiUings). 

Nautilus tyrana Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 466. 

Flectoceras tyrans Schuchert and Twenhofel, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., 21, 1910, 

p. 691. 
Chazyan (Mingan): Mingan Islands, Canada. 

Plectoeerasf undatum (Conrad). 

Inachus undatus (pars) (Conrad MS.) Emmons, Nat. Hist. New Yoric, Geol., 2, 

1842, p. 394, ^. 104. 
lituites undatus Hall (part). Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 52, pi. 13, ^. 1; pi. 13 

(bis). — ^Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 146, pi. 5, ^. 14; Man. 

Ged., 1860, p. 97, ^. 86.— Chapman, Canadian Jour., n. s., 8, 1863, p. 23, 

^. 135; p. 198, fig. 173; Ezpot. Min. Geol. Canada, 1864, p. 131, ig, 135; 

p. 170, fig. 173. 



1000 BULLETIN 9Z, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Plectoceras? undatum— Gontiiiued. 

Trocholites undatus (pert) Hyatt, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 22, 1883, p. 267. 
Eurystomites imdatum H3ratt, Proc. Amer. Phllos. Soc., 22, 1894, p. 445.— Grabau 

and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 69, fig. 1279. 
Plectoceras undatum Whiteaves, Ottawa Nat., 17, 1903, p. 121; Geol. Surv. 

Canada, Pal. Fobs., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 305, pi. 37. 
Euomphalus catilloides Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 

230, figs. 
Black River: Watertown, New York (Watertown); Kingston, Ontario. 

Plectoceras undatum occldeutale (Hall). 

Lituites undatus var. occidentalis Hall, Rep. Silpt. Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, 1861, 

p. 88.— Whitfield, Mem. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1, pt. 2, 1895, p. 63, pi. 10, 

fig. 7; pLll; pi. 12, fig. 3. 
Black River (Platteville): Beloit, Wisconsin; Dixon and Rockton, Ulinois; 

Minneapolis, etc., Minnesota. 

Plbctobthis Grabau and Shimer (part). See Eoorthis Walcott. 

PLECTORTHIS Hall and Clarke. Genotype: Orthis plicatella Hall. 

Orthis (group of O. plicatella) Hall, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., 1, 1889, p. 20. 

Plectorthis Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 194, 221.-~Winchell 
and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 435. — Hall and Clarke, 11th Ann. 
Rep. New York State Geol., 1894, p. 266. — Cumings, Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th 
ser., 15, 1903, p. 11.— Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 28, 1905, p. 257.~Cum- 
ings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 893. — Grabau and 
Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 251. — Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman 
Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 381. 

Austinella (new subgenus of Dinorthis) Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 
14, 1909, p. 225. (Genotype: Orthis kankakensis McCheeney.) 

Oyclocoelia Foerste (not Dujardin), Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 227. 

Encuclodema Fo^ste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1912, p. 139. (Geno- 
type: Orthb sordida Hall.) 

Plectorthis SBqutyalyis (Hall). 

Orthis cequivalvis HaU (not Davidson, 1847), Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 120, 

pi. 32, ^. 6.— Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 196, pi. 9, figs. 6a-c. — 

Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 507, figs. 
Plectorthis sequivalvis Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 194- 

221.— Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, p. 46, pi. 2, figs. 13a, b; 

pi. 6, figs^l7a, b- 
MaysviUe (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

Plectorthis SBqulyalyis latlor Foerste. 

Plectorthis equivalvis latior Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1910, pi. 6, 

^. 3, p. 46. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Crindnnati, Ohio. 

Plectorthis sequlvalyls perragata Foerste. 

Plectorthis eqxiivalvis-pervagata Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, 

pi. 6, fig. 2, p. 46. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Plectorthis (Encuclodema) crasslpllcata (Foerste). 

Cydocoelia crassiplicata Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, p. 36, 

pi. 3, figs. 16a-c; pi. 6, figs. 9a-c, lOa-c. 
Maysville (Faiimoont): Cincinnati, Ohio. 



-. i 



BIBUOOBAPHIO USX OF GENBBA AKP SFBCIE8. 1001 

Plbctorthis dichotoma Hall and Clarke. See Plectorthis neglecta. 

Plectorthia dichotoma Hall. 

Orthis dichotoma Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 125, pi. 32, fig. 13.—Emmons, 
Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 195, pi. 9, fig. 13. — Lesley, GeoL Surv. Penn- 
sylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 513, figs. 
Plectorthis dichotoma(?) Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1910, pi. 5, 

fig. 16; Bull. 16, p. 49. 
Maj^Bville: Cincinnati, Ohb. 

Observation. — ^This species may be the same as Plectorthis neglecta, but as 
the type is lost the name may as well be abandoned. 

• 

Plectorthis ella Hall and Clarke. See Plectorthis (Encuclodema) sordida. * 

Pleetorthls eifollata (Raymond). 

Hebertella exfoliata Raymond, Amer. Jour. Sd., 20, 1905, p. 370. 

Plectorthis exfoliata Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 7, 1911, p. 238, pi. 35, figs. 

11, 12. 
Ghasyan (Day Point): Chazy, Valcour, and Valcour Island, New York; Isle la 

Motte, Vermont. 

Flectorthls flsslcosta (Hall). 

Orthis fisdcosta Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 121, pi. 32, fig. 7.— Emmons, 
Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 195, pi. 9, fi%, 7a, b.— Meek, Pal. Ohio, 1, 
1873, p. 106, pi. 8, %%, 6.— Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 
30. — ^Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 516, figs. 

Plectorthis fissicoeta Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 194, 
221.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 252, fig. 300c-d.— - 
Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 221, pi. 4, figs. 5a, 5b; 
ibid., 16, 1910, p. 48, pi. 6, fig. 4; ibid., 17, 1912, p. 130, pi. 8, fig. 4.. * 

Maysville (Fairview): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

PleetortlilB flsslcosta trlpUcatella (Meek). 

Orthis tripUcatella Meek, American Jour. Sd., 4, 1872, p. 281; Pal. Ohio, 1, 1873, 

p. 109, pi. 8, ^. 8.— Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 31. 
Orthis plicatella var. triplicatella Lesley, Geol. Siurv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 

1889, p. 531, figs. 
Plectorthis triplicatella Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 194, 221. 
Plectorthis plicatella var« triplicatella Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep., Dep. Geol. Nat. 

Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 925, pi. 36, figs. 4-4b. 
Plectorthis fissicoeta var. triplicatella Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 

1909, p. 222. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
Co(yp«.— Cat. No. 15945, U.S.N.M. 

Pteetorthls Jamesl (Hall). 

Orthis jamed Hall, 14th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1861, p. 89.— 

Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sd., 2, 1875, p. 33.— Hall and Whitfield, 

Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 77, pi. 1, figs. 21, 22.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, 

Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 521, figs. 
Plectorthis jameei Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 194, 221.-- 

FoOTste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, p. 50, pi. 2, figs. 9a, b. 
Maysville (Corryville): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

Fleetorthls (Austtnella) kankakensls (McChesney). 

Orthis kaiikakensis McChesney, New Pal. Foaedls, 1861, p. 77; Trans. Chicago 
Acad. Sd., 1, 1868, p. 29, pi. 9, f^. 3. 



1002 BULLBUN 92^ UNITED STATES NAUOKAL MUSEUM. 

neetorthis (Austlnellft) kanluikeiiflis-— Continued. 

PlectofthiB kankakenaifl Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 221>y 

pi. 5, figs. 24, 25. 
Anstinella kankakensis Foerate, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 224 

(gen. ref.). 
Richmond (Femvale): Wilmington, Illinois. 

neetorthis neglecta (Jamee). 

Orthis n^lecta Jamee, Paleontologist, 4, 1879, p. 26. 

Plectorthisdichotoma Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 221, pi. 5, 

fig. 21. 
Plectorthis neglecta Foerate, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, p. 52, pi. 6, 

figs, lar-e. 
Maysville (Mount Hope): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
Observation. — See Pledtorthis dichotoma for a possible synonym. 

Flectobthis (Eridobthis) nicelbsi Foerste. See Hebertella (Eridorthis) nicklesL 

« 

Plectorthis pUeateUa (HaU). 

Orthis pUcatella HaU, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 122, pi. 32, ^. 9.-.Billing8(?), 
Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 165, ^. 145.— Meek, Pal. Ohio, 1, 1873, p. 108, pi. 8, 
fig. 7.— Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sd., 2, 1875, p. 30. — Emmons, Amer. 
Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 193, pi. 9, figs. 9a, b.— Shaler, Mem. Geol. Surv. 
Kentucky, 1, 1876, p. 34.— Chamberlin, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, p. 155. — 
Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 530, figs. 

Orthis (Plectorthis) plicatella Schuchert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 22, 1900, p. 156. 

Plectorthis plicatella Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 221, pi. 6, 
figs. 18-20.— Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 49, 1901, p. 25. — 
.Raymond, Bull. Amer. Pal., 3, 1902, p. 304, pi. 19, figs. 5, 6.— Weller, Geol. 
Surv. New Jeraey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 152, pi. 9, figs. 22-24; p. 216, pi. 16, Bg. 
6.— Giabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 252, fig. 301d-f.— 
Oumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 925, pi. 36, 
figs. 3-3f.— Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, p. 49, pi. 6, 
^, 5a-b. 

Maysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
Observation. — Some of the above citations may include the Trenton variety ci 

the species. 

Plectorthis plicatella trentonensls Foerste. 

Orthis (Plectorthis) plicatella Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, 

p. 436, pi. 33, figs. 5-7. 
Pltetorthis plicatella var. trentonensis Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 16» 

1910, p. 49. 
Trenton (Prosser): Eenyon, etc., Minnesota. 

Plegtobthis plicatella var. triplicatblla Cumings. See Plectorthis fissicoBta 
triplicateUa. 

Plectobthis (Ebidobthis) B00ER8EN8IS FooTste. Sco Hebertella (Eridorthis) 
rogersensis. 

Plectorthis (Austlnellft) scoTtUel (Miller). 

Orthis scovilli Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 40, pi. 1, ^, 5. 
Hebertella scovUli Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 222. 
Dinorthis scovillei Foerste, Amer. Geol., 31, 1903, p. 340. 
Austinella scovillei Foerate, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 224; 

17, 1912, p. 130, pi. 8, figs. 8a-c. 
Bkbrnond (Waynesville): Orogonia, Ohio. 






UBUOGBAPHIC USI OF OBKEB/l AlTD SECIES. 1008 

Heetorthis (Bneuclodemft) seetostriata (Ulrich). 

OrthiB(7) sectostriata Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. HiBt., 2, 1879, p. 15, pi. 

7, fig. 11. 
PlectorthiB? sectostriata Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 221. 
Oydoccelia sectostriata Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 227 

(gen. re!.); 16, 1910, p. 37, pi. 3, fig. 15a, b. 
Kaysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

Ptoctoithls (Encuclodema) sordlda (Hall). 

Orthis sordida HaU, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 148. 

Cydocoelia 8(^ida Foerste, Bull. 8cL Lab. Denison Univ., 14^ 1909, p. 227; 

16, 1910, p. 36, pi. 2, fig. 10; pi. 6, fig. 8a, b. 
Orthis eila Hall, 13th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1861, p. 121. 
OrOila? ^la Hall, 15th Rep., ibid., 1862^ pi. 2, figs. 6-8; 24th Rep., ibid., 1872, pi. 

7, fig. 21.— Meek, Pal. Ohio, 1, 1873, p. 105, pi. 8, ig, 9.— Hall and Whitfield, 

ibid., 2, 1875, p. 76, pi. 1, ^, 20.— Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 

1875, p. 32.— Lesley, (Jeol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 514, figs. 
FlectOTthis? ella Hall and Garke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 221, pi. 5, 

figs. 22, 23. 
PlectorthiB ella (turnings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Creol. Nat. Res. Indiana, p. 924, 

pi. 36, figs. 2-2c. 
Gydoccelia ella Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 227; 16, 

1910, pi. 2, figs. 11, 12. 
iUe (Fainnoant): (^cinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 



I 



Pleetorthis (Encudodema) sordlda multlplleata Foerste. 

Gydocoel^ s(»rdida multiplicata Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, 

p. 36, pi. 6, figs. 6and, 7aHi. 
Maysville (Fkinnount): (^dnnati, Ohio. 

PLKCTomrms tbipucatella Hall and Clarke. See Plectorthis fissicosta tiiplicatella. 

neetorthls (Austtnella) whltfieldl (N. H. Winchell). 

Orthis whitfieldi N. H. Winchell, 9th Ann. Rep. Greol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minne- 
sota, 1881, p. 115. 

Orthis pectinella Whi^eld (part), Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 259, pi. 12, fig. 8. 

Plectorthis whitfieldi Hall and Clarice, Pal. New York, 8,'pt. 1, 1892, p. 221, 
pi. 5, ^. 26.— Giabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 252, fig. 
801g-i. 

Orthis (Plectorthis) whitfieldi Winchell and Schuchert, Ctool. Minnesota, 3, 1893, 
p. 437, pi. 33, figs. 8-13. 

Austinella whitfieldi Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 244 
(gen. ref.); 17, 1912, p. 131, pi. 8, ^. 9. 

Plectorthis sp. d. whi^eldi Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 162, 1912, 
pi. 4, ^. 8. 

Ridunond (Maquoketa): Spring Valley and Granger, Minnesota; Delafield, Wis- 
consin; Lattners, Iowa; Savannah, Illinois. 

FLBTHOCABDIA Ulrich. Crenotype: P. umbonata Ubich. 

Flethocardia Ulrich, 19th Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minnesota, 1892, 
p. 243.— Miller, N. A. Qeol. Pal., 1st App., 1892, p. 701.— Ulrich, Geol. Minne- 
sota, 8, pt. 2, 1894, p. 575.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, l; 
1909, p. 416. 

84243*'— BulL 9a-vol ^-15 ^19 



1004 BULLBTIN 92, UNIT^ STATES KATIOKAL MUSEUM. 

nethocardlar eordlformis (BillingB). 

Gyrtodonta cordlformlfl BilHiigs, Oaiiadkti Nat. QeoL, 8, 1868, p. 487; G«ol. Biirv. 

Canada, Kep. Progr. for 1857, 1858, p« 185; Qeol. Cuiada, Qeol. Sonr. Oanadm, ' 

1863, p. 147, fig. 103a, b. 
Plethocardia? cordiformia Ulrich, Geol. MinneMta, 3, pt. 2, 18M, p. 577 (gm. lef .). 
Cypricardites coidiformiB Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1888, p. 476 (gen. lef.). 
Black River: St. Joeephs Island, Lake Hmon. 

Plethocardia subereeta XJlrich. 

Plethocardia subereeta Ulrich, 19ili Ann. Bep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Snrv. Minneaota» 
1892, p. 245, fig. 29; Geol. Minneeota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 577, pi. 40, figs. 25-27. 
Trenton (Prosser): Near Gannon Falls, Minnesota. 
Hohtype.-<^t. No. 46278, U.S.N.M. 

Plethocardia umbonata Ulrich. • 

Plethocardia umbonata Ulrich, 19th Ann. Hep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minnesota, 

1892, p. 244, ^. 28; Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 576, pi. 40, figs. 22-24.— 

Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1st App., 1892, p. 701, fig. 1259.— Grabau and Shimer, 

N. A. Index FoesilB, 1, 1909, p. 416, ^. 537. 
Black Eiver: Six miles south of Gannon FaUs, Minneeota (Decorah); Mercer 

County, Kentucky (Lowville). 
Holotype,-~CeX, No. 46279, U.S.N.M. 

PLETHOMTTILUS Hall. Genotype: P. ponderosa HalL 

Plethomytilus Hall, Pal. New York, 5, pt. 1, Lam., 1883, p. 4; 1st Rep. State 

Geol. New York, 1884, p. 15.~Frech, Zeits d. d. geol.' Gesell., 40, 1888, p. 

364.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 603.— Whidbome, Mon. Dev. Fauna 

South England, 2, Pal. Soc., 1892, p. 52.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sd., 

6, 1899, p. 218. 

Piethomy tUus cuneatus Kindle and Breger. 

Plethomytilus cuneatus Kindle and Breger, 28th Ann. Eep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Bee. 

Indiana, 1904, p. 451, pi. 10, fig. 9. 
Niagaran: Georgetown, Indiana. 

PLETHOPBLTIS Raymond. Genotype: Agraulos saratogensis Walcott. 

Plethopeltis Baymond, Bull. Victoria Mem. Mus., 1, 1913, p. 64. 

Flethopeltts armatus (Billings). 

Bathyums armatus BilHngs, Ganadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 319, ^, 23; GeoU 
Ganada, Geol. Surv. Ganada, 1863, p. 238, fig. 273; Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. 
Ganada, 1865, p. 411, fig. 392. 
Plethopeltis armatus Baymond, Bull. Victoria Mem. Mus., 1, 1913, p. 65, pi. 

7, ^. 18. 

Ozarkian? (Levi»— erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

Piethopeltte saratogensla (Walcott). 

Bathyums armatus Walcott, 32d Ann. Bep. New York State Mus., 1879, p. 131. 
Ptychoparla saratogensis Dwlght, Trans. Vassar Bros. Inst., 4, 1887, pp. 207-208. 
Ptychoparia (Agraulos) saratogensis Walcott, Bull. U. S. Ckol. Surv., 30, 1886, 

p. 21.— Lesley, Greol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Bep. P 4, 1889, p. 844, figs. 
Agraulos saratogensis Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 13, 1890, p. 276, pi. 21, fig. 

14.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Bep. Pal., 3,' 1903, pp. 118-119, pi. 1, 

figs. 7-9.— Walcott, Smiths. Misc. Goll., 57, 1912, p. 269, pi. 43, figs. ll-15a. 
Plethopeltis saratogensis Baymond, Bull. Victoria Mem. Mus., 1, 1913, p. 64. 
Upper Gambrian or Ozarkian: Saratoga Springs and south of Poughkeepsie, New 

York (Hoyt); Blairstown, New Jersey (Kittatinny). 
Cotypes.—Oat. No. 23863, U.S.N.M. 



BIBUOQBAPHIO USI OF QENEBA AND SPBGIES, 1005 

PUTHOSPIRA Ulrich. Genotype: Holt^ea caarina Whitfield. 

FktIioaiHA UMch, GeoL AfinnoBOtR, 8» pt 2, 1897, pp. 968, 1008* 

Flatliosplrm arenarla (BilHi^). 

Murchiaoma arenaria BiUingBy Ganadian Nat. Geo!., 4, 1859, p. 359, fig. 9; Geol. 

Ganada, 1863, p. 120, £g. 33.— Lesley, Geol. Sorv. Pennsylvaiiia, Rep. P 4, 

1889, p. 426, fig. 
Holiqpea arenaria Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1, 1886, p. 310, pi. 25» 

^, 5. — Seely, Vermont State Geol. Rep., 7, pi. 59, 1910, £g. 5. 
liethospira arenaria Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1897, pt. 2, p. 1009 (gen. rel.). 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Godmanchester, Canada; Fort Cassln, Yennont. 

Fletboaptra casslna (Whitfield). 

Holopea CasBina Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mue. Nat. Hist., 1, 1886, p. 310, pi. 25, 

figs. 6/i(r.— Seely, Vermont State Geol. Rep., 7, 1910, pi. 59, figs. 6, 7. 
Plethoepira cassina Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 1009, fig. 7a. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Fort Cassin, Vermont. 
PJaiblype.— Cat. No. 28137, U.S.N.M. (Ulrich). 

risthoaptra hyaie (BilHngs). 

MuTchisonia hyale Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 33 (adv. 

sheets, 1862). 
Plethoepiia hyale Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 1009 (gen. xef.). — 

Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 4, 1908, p. 217. 
Chazyan or Black River: PhilHpehuig, Quehec. 

nnhoeplra semele (Hall). 

Pleurotomaria semele Hall, Geol. Rep. Wisconsin, 1861, p. 36. — Whitfield, Menu 

Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1, pt. 2, 1895, p. 61, pi. 8, figs. 8-10. 
Plethosplra semele Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 1010, 

pi. 70, figs. 8-10. 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Maquoketa Creek and Giaf, Iowa. 
Pleiio^pe.— Cat. No. 45956, U.S.N.M. (Ubich and Scofield). 

netiiospira striata Ulrich. 

Plethospira striata Ulrich, €^1. Minnesota, &, pt. 2, 1897, p. 1011, pL 70, fig. 7. 
Pleurotomaria striata Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 769 (gen. zef.). 
Bidimond (Waynesville): Hanover, Butler County, Ohio. 
Holoeype.— Cat. No. 45957, U.S.N.M. 

PLBuaacANTHUs Milne-Edwards. See Dalmanites Banande. 

Plbxtboctstis Haeckel. See Pleurocystites Billings. 

FLBUROCTSTITBS Billings. Genotype: P. squamosus BilMngs. 

Pleurocystites Billings, Canadian Jour., 2, 1854, p. 251; Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. 
Progr. for 1853-1856, 1857, p. 284.~Chapman, Canadian Jour., n. s., 2, 1857, p. 
d03.~BillingB, Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 3, 1858, p. 46.— Hall, Pal. New York, 
3, 1859, p. 152.~Chapman, Expos. Min. Creol. Canada, 1864, p. 109 .--Billings, 
Amer. Jour. Sd. Arts, 2d ser., 48, 1869, p. 77; Canadian Nat., n. s., 4, 1869, 
p. 288, fig, 5; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 5, 1870, p. 260; Pal. Foss., Creol. 
Surv. Canada, 2, pt. 1, 1874, p. 97, figs. 54, 55; p. 98.— Zittel, Handh. Pal., 1, 
1879, p. 422.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 272.— Jaekel, Stanune^. 
Pelmat;, 1, Thecoida u. Cystoidea, Berlin, 1899, p. 231.— Zittel-Eastman 
Texth. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 186.— Zittel, Grundzuge Pftl., 1, 1910, p. 187.— Grabau 
and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 465.— Springer, Zittel-Eastman 
Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 154. 






1006 BULLETIN 02, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PLBUROCTSTITBS— Continued. 

PleurocyBtia Carpenter, Jour. linn. 8oc. Zool., 24, 1891, p. 12.— Haeckel, Amphor 
u. Cystoid, 1896, p. 44, pi. 2, figs. 15, 16.— Bather Treatiae on.ZooL, pt. 3, 
Ech^oderma, London, 1900, p. 64, fig. 34. • 

Pleuroeystltes antleostlensls Billings. 

Pleurocystitee anticostiensis BiUings, Geol. Sunr. Canada, Bep. Ptogreas for 1853- 

1856, 1857, p. 288; Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 8, 1858, p. 52, pL 1. £g. 3; Cat. SiL 

FosB. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 8. 
Pleurocystites squamoeus var. anticoedensis Jaekel, Stammeiigeech. d. Pehnat., 

1899, p. 234. 
Pleurocystis antacostienfiis Bather, Trans. Boy. Soc. Edinbuigh, 49, pt. 2, 1913, 

p. 468. 
Bichmond (Charleton): Charleton Point, Anticosti. 

Pleurocystites elegans Billings. 

Pleurocystites elegans Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Bep. Progr. for 1853-1856, 
1857, p. 287; Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 3, 1858, p. 51, pi. 2, figs. 2»-c. — 
Chapman, Canadian Jour., n. s., 4, 1859, p. 45. — Billings, Trans. Ottawa 
Fielci Nat. Club, 1, 1881, p. 34.— Jaekel, Stammeegesch. d. Pelmat., 1899, 
p. 234.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 466. 

Pleurocystis elegans Bather, Trans. Boy. Soc. Edinbui]^, 49, 1913, p. 466, fig. 67. 

Trenton: Ottawa, Ontario. 

Pleurocystites ezomatus Billings. 

Pleurocystites exomatus Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Bep. Progr. for 1853-1856, 

1857, p. 287; Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 3, 1858, p. 52.— Chapman, Canadian 
Jour., n. s., 4, 1859, p. 45. 

Pleurocystites filitextus var. exomata Jaekel, Stanunecges. Pelmat, 1, 1899, p. 

235. 
Pleurocystis exomata Bather, Trans. Boy. Soc. Edinburgh, 49, pt. 2, 1913, p. 467. 
Trenton: Near Montreal, Quebec. 

Pleurocystites filitextus Billings. 

Pleurocystitee filitextus Billings, Canadian Jour., 2, 1854, p. 252, figs. 13, 14; GeoL 
Canada, Bep. Progr. for 18^1856, 1857, p. 286; Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 3, 

1858, p. 50, pi. 2, figs, la, lb.— Chapman, Expos. Min. Geol. Canada, 1864, 
p. 109.— Billings, Trans. Ottawa Field Nat. Club, 1, 1881, p. 34.— Jaekel, 
Stammesg. Pelmat., 1, Thecoidea u. Cystoidea, Berlin, 1899, p. 232, ^. 45; p. 
234, pi. 12, figs. 3-^.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 466. 

Pleurocystis filitextus Haeckel, Amphorideen und Cystoideen, 1896, p. 44, pi. 2, 
figs. 15, 16. — ^Bather, Treatise on Zool., pt. 3, Echinoderma, London, 1900, 
p. 65, fig. 34.— Kirk, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 41, 1911, pi. 2, fig. 4; pi. 3, fig. 3. 

Trenton (Ciu'dsville): Ottawa, Ontario; Hull, Quebec. 

Plbubocystites filitextus var. exprnata Jaekel. See Pleurocystites exomatus. 

Pleurocystites meroerensls MiUer and Gurley. 

Pleurocystites mercerensis Miller and Gurley, Bull. Illinoia State Mus. Nat. 

Hist., 6, 1895, p. 60, pi. 5, figs. 25, 26.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 

1897, p. 751, fig. 1379.— Jaekel, Stammes. Pelmat., 1, Thecoidea u. Cystoidea, 

Berlin, 1899, p. 234. 
Pleurocystis mercerensis Bather, Trans. Boy. Soc. Edinburgh, 49, pt. 2, 1913, 

p. 468. 
Trenton (Curdsville): Mercer County, Kentucky. 

Plbvbootstitbs BOBU8TU8 BilUngs. See Pleurocystites squamosus robustus. 



BIBUOQBAPHIC USX OF GENBBA AND SPECIES. 1007 

Ylenioeystltes aQnamosus Billings. 

FleurocystitessquamoBus Billings, Canadian Jour., 2, 1854, p. 251, figs. 9-12; Geol. 
Snnr. Canada, Rep. Ptogr. for 1853-1856, 1857, p. 286; Geol. Surv. Canada, 
dec. 3, 1858, p. 49, pi. 1, figs, la-d.— Chapman, Expos. Min. Geol. Canada, 
1864, p. 109.— Roemer, Leth. geog., 1, Leth. Pal., Atlas, 1876, pi. 11, ^. 6.— 
Zittd, Handb. P^., 1, Munich, 1879, p. 422, ^, 298.— Chambeilin, Geol. 
Wisconain, 1, 1883, p. 154, fig.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 272, ^. 399.— 
Jaekel, Stammes. Pelmat., 1, Thecoidea u. Cystoidea, Berlin, 1899, p. 234. — 
Giabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 465, ^, 1774. 

Plemocystis aquamosa Haeckel, Amph. und Cyst., 1, 1896, pp. 37, 44. — Springer, 
Mem. Geol. Surv. Canada, 15P, 1911, p. 45 (loc. occ). — Bather, Trans. Roy. 
Soc. Edinbuigh, 49, pt. 2, 1913, p. 464, figs. 6^-65. 

Tra[iton (Curdsville): Ottawa and Kirkfield, Ontario. 

Vlearoeystttes squamosus robustus (Billings). 

Plenrocystites robustus Billings, Canadian Jour., 2, 1854, p. 252, fig. 15; Geol. 

Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1853-1856, 1857, p. 287; Geol. Surv. Canada, 

dec. 3, 1858, p. 49, pi. 1, 6g. 2a; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 5, 1870, p. 

260; Pal. Foes. Geol. Surv. Canada, 2, pt. 1, 1874, p. 98.— Jaekel, Stanmies. 

Pelmat., 1899, p. 234. 
Heorocystis robustus Springer, Geol. Surv. Canada, Mem. 15P, 1911, p. 45 

(loc. occ). 
Heorocystis, squamosa var. robusta Bather, Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinbiugh, 49, 

pt. 2, 1913, p. 465, ^. 66. 
Trenton (Curdsville): Ottawa and Kirkfield, Ontario. 

Plxubograpstts Nicholson. See Pleurograptus Nicholson. 

FLEUEOGRAPTUS Nicholson. Genotype: Cladograpsus linearis Cairuthers. 

Pleurograpsus Nicholson, Geol. Mag., 4, 1867, p. 257; Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. Lon- 
don, 24, 1868, p. 9; Trans. Edinbuigh Geol. Soc, 1, 1868, p. 58; Mon. British 
Grapt., 1872, p. 110. 

Pleurograptus Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 298.— Tullbeig, Sveriges Geol. 
XJnders. Ser. C, No. 55, 1883, pp. 12, 14.^Hermann, Geol. Mag., dec. 3, 8, 
1886, p. 18.— Wiman, Bull. Geol. Inst. Univ. Upsala, 2, pt. 2, 1896, p. 266.— 
Eoken, Die Leitfoesilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 328. — Roemer and Freeh, Leth. 
geog., 1, Theil, Leth. Pal., 1, 3 Lief., 1897, p. 586.— EUes and Wood, Men. 
British Grapt. Pal. Soc., 1903, p. 119.— Ruedemann, Mem. New York State 
Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, p. 268. 

neorograptas linearis (Cairuthers). 

Cladograi>sus linearis Carruthers, Trans. Roy. Phys. Soc. Edinbuigh, 1858, p. 

467, ^. 1; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 3d ser., 3, 1859, p. 24, ^. 3. 
Cladograptus linearis Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868, p. 235, 

^.; rev. ed., p. 270, fig. 
Dendrograpsus linearis Carruthers, Geol. Mag., 4, 1867, p. 70. 
Pleurograpsus linearis Nicholson, Geol. Mag., 4, 1867, p. 257, pi. 15, figs. 1-6, 
Pleurograptus linearis Lapworth, Cat. West. Scotland Foss., 1876, p. 5, pi. 3, &g. 

69.— Clark, Geol. Mag., 4th ser., 9, 1902, p. 498.— EUes and Wood, Mon. 

British Grapt., pt. 3, 1903, p. 119, pi. 14, fig. 7; pi. 17, £g, 1.— Olin, Kongl. 

Fysiogr. Sallsk. Handl. N. F., 17, 1906.— Ruedemann, Mem. New York 

State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, p. 269, pi. 15, ^. 1, text ^. 186. 
Coenograptus (Pleurograptus) linearis Roemer and Freeh, Leth. Pal., 1, 1897, p. 

586, ^, 158. 
Oidovician: Scotland (Hartfell); Holland Patent, New York (Utica). 



1006 BULLBTIK 92, tTNITBD STATES NATIONAL MtTSSXTM. 

PLEUBONOTUS HaU. Genotype: Euempkaluf daoswi BilUnsk 

Pleimmotua Hall, Nat. Hist. New York, Pal., 6, pt. 2, 1879, p. 138.— Koken, 

Neuee Jahib. Mm. Geol. Pal., 6, Beilage-Band, 1889, p. 408.— MiUer, N. A. 

Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 4l9.-*-Kok0ii, Die LeitfoflBilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 105, figB. 

87,4-6. 

Pleiiroiiotus snbangulatus Qrabau. 

PleuronotuB subangulata Grabau, MichigaTi Geol. Surv., Geol. Ser. 1, 1900, p. 185. 
Upper MoDToan (Lucas): Salt shaft, Detroit, Michigan. 

Plbubobhynchub antiqua Owen. See Gonocaidium antiquum. 

PLEUBOTOMABIA Defrance. Genotype: P. angKca DelcBnce. 

Pleurotomaria Defrance, Tableau Corps Oiganis^s Fosailee, 1824, p. 114; Diet. 
Sd. Nat., 41, p. 381. 
Observation. — Many references to this genus have been made by American 
authors, but it seems useless to cite them since none of them probably refers to 
Pleurotomaria in a strict sense. See Ulrich and Scofield, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 
1897, p. 960, for a discussion of this subject. 

Pleurotomaria of authors. See Glathrospira Ulrich and Scofield, Oydonema Hall, 
Eotomaria Ulrich and Scofield, Lophospira Whitfield, Plethospira Ulrich, 
Raphistoma Hall, Raphistomina Ulrich and Scofield, and Seelya Ulrich. 

• 
Pleurotomaria abrupta Billings. 

Pleurotomaria abrupta Billings, Oanadian Nat. Qeol,, 4, 1859, p. 854. 
Chazyan (MLngan): Mingan Islands, Canada. 

Plenrotomaria agarista Billings. 

Pleurotomaria Agarista Billings, Pal. Foas., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 230. 
Canadian (Quebec — ^H): Table Head, Newfoundland. 

Pleurotomaria agave Billings. 

Pleurotomaria Agave BilHngs, P^. Foas., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 170, text 

fig. 153. 
Trenton: Naquareau River, above Red River, Canada. 

Ptaurotomarta alena Saideson. 

Pleurotomaria aiens Sardeeon, Bull. Ifinneeota Acad. Nat. Sd., 4, 1896, p. 76, 

pi. 3, figs. 16, 17. 
St. Peter: Highland Park and South St. Paul, Minnesota. 

Pleurotomaria (Troehonemaf) amblgua (Hall). 

Pleurotomaria ambigua Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 176, pi. 38, figs. 3a-b.— 

Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 161. 
Trenton: Adams, Jefferson County, New York. 

Plburotokaria ambricaka Billings. See Lioepira americana. 

Plburotoicaria AMFHrnuTB Billings. See Euoonia amphitrite. 

Pleurotomaria angiilata Conrad. Not recognised. 

Pleurotomaria angulata Conrad (not Sowerby), Proc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Philadelphia, 
1843, p. 330.— Owen, Geol. Expl. Iowa, Wisconsin, lUinois, 2d ed., 1844, p. 
86, pi. 17, fig. 5. 
Ttaiton: Lewis County, New York; Iowa; Wisconsin. 



BIBUOQKAPHIO LIST OF OENBBA AKD BFEOIEB. 1009 

ItaBtotomuU uitlqnAU Hall. 

FMnotomwu uitiquaU HaU, F«1. New York, 1, 1847, p. 31, pi. 7, fig. 1.— 
EmmtPia, Ain«r. Geolcgr, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. UU.— lUymond, Ann. Camegia 
Uiu.,4, 1908, p. 218. 
ChacTUk: Chacy, New York. 

FLaTTKoroHASu atskta BUlipgB. See Raphistoma apertum. 

nMirotomKrU arsbelU Billing!. 

FUnrotainaria Xtabella Billings, Pal. Fom., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1868, p. 343, 

fig. 330. 
Cankdian (Beekmantown): Leeda and GronviUe Countiee, Cuiada. 

Pi.sinioTciiusiA ABACHNX BilliiigB. See LophoapiraT arachne. 



nMirotomarIa Kdon Hall. 

PlenroUanaria axion Hall, 20th Rep. New Ycrk State Cab. Hiot, 1868, p. 344, 
pi. 15 (6), fig. 17; lev. ed., 1870, p. 394, pi. 15, fig. 17,— Kindle and Bnger, 
2Stli Ann. Bap. Dep. Oeol. Nat. Bea. Indiana, 1904, p. 467, pi. 12, fig. 4. 

Niagaran: Bridgeport, Tllinnia (Racine); HuntingtOQ, Indians. 

Flbubotoiuaia BEEK1UNKN8I8 Whitfield. See Euconia beeknumensia. 

PuimoTOKABiA BUNOUL&TA Hall. See Trochonema biangulatum. 

pLxumoTOHARU BiciNCTA Lindstiom. See LofJioapinl bidncta. 

Flxubotoiujua bilix of authora. See Cyclonema bilez. 

PLBUBOTOKAau BUPUtALiB Hall. See Lophoopira binpiralifl. 

Tlearotomsria ckldfera Billinge. * 

PleiuotomariacalciferaBillingB, CanadianNat. Geol.,4, 1859, p. 352, fig. 5; Geol. 
Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 177, text figs. 27a-c.— Lesley, Geol. 
Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 704, figs. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Near Bcauhomoia, CauadA. 

Flenrotomaria (TrocboDemat) cftlpbumla (Billings). 

PleuTotomaria? Calphurnia Billioga, TiS. Foas., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 

230, figs. 214a, b. 
Canadian (Quebec — G}: Cape Norman, Newfoundland. 

PuuBOTOitARiA CU.TZ of authots. See Raphiatoma etamineum. 

Flmrotomarla etuLftdensIs Billings. 

Pleurotomam Canadenus Billings, Pal. Foee., 1, Oeol.* Surv. Canada, 186S, p. 

342, text figs. 328a-c, 339. 
Fleurotomatia Laurentina Billings, Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p, 

117, fig. 28d {not 28a-c). 
Canadian: Leeds and (Renville Countiee and Uingan lalands, Canada. 

FiKuxoToiusiA CAKAUPKKA Hillw. See Eotomaiia canaUfam. 

PleUTotomaria carinata (James). Not teco) 

UuTchieouia carinata Jamee, Cat. Low. Sil. Fooe. Cincinnati Group, 187 
(nun. nud.). 



1010 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL BiUSBUM, 

Pleurotomaria carinata — Continued. 

Pleurotomaria carinata James, Cat. Low. Sil. Fosb. Cindnnati Group, 1875, p. 6 

(nom. nud.); Paleontologist, No. 2, 1878, p. 12; ibid., No. 6, 1882, p. 53. 
Cindnnatian: Clinton County, OMo. 

PLBUBOTOicARiiL cAsn Meok and Worthen. See Lophospira casii. 

PLBUBOToicARiiL CTBCE Billiugs. See Lophospira? dree. 

Pleurotomaria cUpeiformis Spencer. 

Pleurotomaria cUpeiformis Spencer, Trans. Acad. Sd. St. Louis, 4, 1884, p. 607, 

pi. 7, figs. 6, 6a; Bull. Mus. Univ. State Missouri, 1, 1884, p. 57, pi. 7, figs. 

6,6a. 
Niagaran dolomite: Hamilton, Ontario. 

Pleubotomaria cliyosa Sardeeon. See Trochonema? (Eunema) clivosum. 

Pleubotomaria crevieri Billings. See Raphistoma stamineum. 

« 

Pleurotomaria crjptata Billings. 

Pleurotomaria cryptata Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Siirv. Canada, 

1866, p. 54. 
Anticostian (Chin River, Jupiter Biver): Near Challoupe River, etc^ AnticostL 

Pleurotomaria cyclonemoldes Meek and Worthen. 

Pleurotomaria cyclonemoides Meek and Worthen, €^1. Surv. Illinois, 3, 1868, 

p. 360, pi. 5, fig. 4. • 
Niagaran (Racine): Bridgeport, near Chicago, Illinois. 

Pleurotomaria cyclostoma Whiteaves. 

Pleurotomaria cyclostoma Whiteaves, Pal. Foss. Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 1, 
1884, p. 23, pi. 3, figs. 1?^ 12a.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 
1889, p. 707, figs.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss. Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1855, 
p. 77 (loc. occ); Geol. Surv. Canada Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 336. 

Niagaran (Guelph): Durham, Ontario. 

Pleubotomaria Dbiopeia Billings. See Clathrospira deiopeia. 

Pleurotomaria (Lophospira?) depai^ierata (Hall). 

Pleurotomaria depauperata Hall, Rep. Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, 1862, p. 55, fig. 5. 
Richmond(?): Southwestern Wisconsin. 

Pleubotomabia dipficilis Whitfield. See Seelya dlfficilis. 

Pleubotomaria docens of authors. See Liospira docens. 

Pleubotomabia dbtopK Billings. See Eotomaria dryope. 

Pleubotomabia Dubhamensis Whiteaves. See Eotomaria diu-hamensis. 

Pleubotomabia. eloba Billings. See Euomphalopterus elora. 

Pleurotomaria eloroldea Kindle and Br^er. 

Pleurotomaria eloroidea Kindle and Br^er, 28th Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. 

Indiana, 1904, p. 457, pi. 13, figs. 1, 2; pi. 14, fig. 3?. 
Niagaran: Delphi and Huntington, Indiana. 

Pleubotomabia Etna Billings. See "^uconia etna. 

Pleubotomabia buqbkia Billings. See liospira eugenia. 



BIBUOGBAPHIO UST OF GEKEBA AND SPECIES. 1011 

nMurotomarU illtezta Foerate. 

Plemotomaria filitexta FoeiBte, Geol. Surv. Ohio Pal., 7, 1893, p. 550, pi. 37A, 

figB. Oa,b. 
Upper Medinan (Braflsfield): HufEman's Quarry, near Dayton, Ohio. 

nearotomarU florldensis Qeland. 

Flemotomaria floridenBb Oleland, Bull. Amer. Pal., 3, 1900, p. 125 (253), pi. 15, 

fig. 12; ibid., 4, 1903, p. 17. 
Canadian (Tribes Hill): Fort Hunter and Tribes Hill, New York. 

PunTBOTOMABiA Galtxnsis BilliugB. See Eotomaria galtenBis. 

Pleorotomarla gregarla Billings. 

Pleujotomaria gr^gazia BUlings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, pp. 855, 358, 

fig. 8h, k; Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 119, fig. 29a-c. — ^Lesley, 

Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 709, figs. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): St. Ann and near St. Eustache, Canada. 

« 

Ptonrotomaria gonopieura Win hell and Marcy. 

Pleurotomaria gonopieura Winchell and Marcy, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 

1865, p. 98, pi. 3, ^. 4. 
Niagaran (Racine): Chicago, Illinois. 

Plxubotoicabia halei Hall. See Euomphaloptems haleL ' 

PtsusoTOMABiA Halli MilloT. Soo Raphistoma hallL 

Plearotomarla harpya Billings. 

PleuroU»naria Harpya Billings, Pal. Foss. Geol. Surv. Caoada, 1866, p. 227. 
Canadian (Quebec— kj): Cape Norman, Newfotmdland. 

Plsubotomabia HELENA BUHngs. See liospira helena. 

Pleubotomabia Hebctna Whiteaves. See Murchisonia?? billingsaoa. 

PtEimoTOicABiA Hebmionb Eokou. See Lophospira? hermione. 

Plbtjbotomabia Hobtensia Billings. See Raphistoma hortensia. 

Fleiirotomarla hoyi Hall. 

Pleurotomaria hoyi HaU, Rep. Sup. Geol. Surv. l^^onsin, 1861, p. 35; 20th Rep. 

New York State Cab. Hist., 1868, p. 364, pi. 15, fig. 10.--Chamberlin, Geol. 

^^^onsin, 1, 1883, p. 193, fig.— Kmdle and Br^er, 28th Ann. Rep. Dep. 

Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1904, p. 455. 
Pleurotomaria (Trochonema) hoyi Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Hist., 

rev. ed., 1870, p. 393, pi. 15, fig. 10; pi. 25, figs. 11, 12. 
Niagaran: Racine, Wisconsin (Racine); Delphi, Indiana. 

Plbxtbotomabia huntebensis Cleland. See Polygyrata hunterensis. 

Fleiuotomarla hyale Billings. 

Pleurotomaria Hyale Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 228. 
Canadian (Quebec— F): Eeppel Island and Port aux Choix, Newfoundland. 

Fleiurotomarlaf Idia Hall. 

Pleurotomaria idia Hall, Rep. Sup. Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, 1861, p. 35; 20th Rep, 

New York State Cab. Hist., 1868, p. 365, pi. 15, figs. 15, 16; rev. ed., 1870. 

p. 393, pi. 15, figs. 15, 16.— Kindle and Breger, 28th Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. 

Res. Indiana, 1904, p. 455, pi. 12, fig. 6. 
Niagaran: Racine, l^^sconsin (Racine); Huntington, Indiana. 



1012 BULLETIN 9Z, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Plbubotomabia DOfATimA Billings. Bee Ri^hiBtoroa. iiiuMimni. 

Pleurotomaria indenta Hall. 

Pleurotomaua indenta B&11» Pal. New York» 1, 1847, p. 176, pi. 88, fig. 2. — 
Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 161, pi. 5, fig. 5; pi. 17, fig. 8. — 
Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 710, fig. 

Trenton: Watertown, New York. 

Pleurotomaria Ineipeetans Hall and Whitfield. 

Pleurotomaria inexpectans Hall and Whitfield, Geol. Surv. Ohio Pal., 2, ISTS, 

p. 117, pi. 5, fig. 12.— Foerste, Biill. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 1, 1885, p. 96; 

Geol. Surv. Ohio Pal., 7, 1893, p. 549. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Todds Fork, Clinton County, Ohio. 

PtBUBOTonABiA LABB08A VST. O0GZDSN8 Hall. See Phanerotiema ocddens. 

PtBUBOTonABiA Laphahi Whitfield. See Eotomaria laphami. 

Plbubotohahu iattbbntina Billings. See Raphistomina laurentina. 

Pleubotomabia. LBNnouLABis of American authors. See liosplra americana and 
L. vitruvia. 

Pleurotomaria lenticulaiis of authors (not Sowerby). 

Pleurotomaria lenticularis Enmions (Conrad MS., not Sowerby), Nat. Hiat. New 
York, Geol., 2, 1842, p. 392, fig. 2; p. 393, figs. 2, 3.--Owen, Geol. EzpL Iowa, 
Wisconsin, Illinois, 2d ed., 1844, p. 86, pi. 18, fig. 6; Amer. Jour. Sd. Arts, 47» 
1844, p. 365, ^. 2.— HaU, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 172, pi. 37, figs. 6a-d.-- 
Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 160, pi. 6, figs. 13a, b; pi. 17, ^. 
13a; Man. C^logy, 1860, p. 98, ^. 87.— lincklaen, 14th Rep. New York State 
Cab. Nat. Hist., 1861, p. 47, pL 2, ^, 2.— Nicholson, Rep. Pal. Prov. Ontario, 
2, 1875, p. 19, l&g. 7d (loc. occ). — ^Koken, Neues Jahrb. Min., Geol., Pal., 6, 
1889, p. 352. 

Raphistoma lenticularis Hall, Rep. Geol. Siu-v. Wisconsin, 1862, p. 39, ^, 4. — 
Meek and Worths, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 3, 1868, p. 316, pi. 3, ^. 7b (a, c?).~ 
Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 319.—- Whitfield, GeoL Wi^ 
consin, 4, 1882, p. 214, pi. 6, figs. 4, 5. — Chamberlin, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 
1883, p. 157. — ^Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, p. 860, figs. — 
Eoken, Neues Jahrb. f. Min., Qeol., Pal., 6 Beilage-Band, p. 352.— Miller, 
N. A. Geol. Pal., p. 424, ^. 708.— Whiteaves, Canadian Rec. Sd., 5, p. 318.— 
Keyes, Missouri Geol. Surv., 5, 1894, p. 163. — ^Raymond, Bull. Amer. Pal., 3, 
1902, p. 306, pi. 19, figs. 7, 8. 

Trochus lenticularis? Owen, Geol. Expl. Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois, 2d ed., 1844, 
p. 80, pi. 15, fig. 5. 

Middle and Upper Ordovician: United States and Canada. 
Observation. — So many distinct species now impossible to determine without 

an examination of the figured specimens have been described as Heurotomaxia 

or Raphistoma lenticularis that it is believed useless to try to aangn the 

references to their proper place. 

Pleurotomaria Utorea Hall. 

Pleurotomaria litorea Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 12, pi. 4 YAb^ figs. 4a, b. — 

Grabau, Bull. New York JState Mus., 45, 1901, p. 212, fig. 142; Bull. BufEalo 

Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 212, ^, 142. 
Upper Medinan: Lockport, New York. 



BIBUOGBAPHIO UST OF GBNBBA. AND SPB0IX8. 1013 

fleiuotomsrto lonensis WalooU. 

Pleurotomaiia LonenaLs Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. 8urv., 8, 1884, p. 80, pi. 11, 

fig. 22. 
Upper Pogonip: Lane Mountain, near Eureka, Nevada. 
Cotyp€.-rC9Ji. No. 17331, U.S.N .M. 

Fleiirotoinarla(f) margarltoides Whiteaves. 

Pleurotoniarla(7) maigaritoides Whiteavea, Pal. Foes., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 

3, 1897, p. 190, pi. 20, fig. 10. 
Black River or Richmond: Inmost laUnd, Lake Winn4>eg, Canada. 

PLBxrmoTOMASiA mouLA. Hall. See lioepira micula. 

neoTotoinaria miser Billings. 

Pleurotomaiia miser, Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 4, 1859, p. 354. 
Canadian (Romaine): Mingan Islands, Quebec. 

Vleorotomarla mtodsquol Billings. 

Pleurotomaria Missisquoi Billings, Pal. Foos., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 191. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Phillipsbuig, Quebec. 

Vtonrotomarla mohawkensls Ifiller. 

Pleuiotomaiia? nodulosa Hall (not Sandbeiger, 1842), Pal. New York, 1, 1847, 

p. 44, pi. 10, ^, 10.— Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 161. 
Pleurotomaria mohawkensis Milto, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 421. 
Black River: Watertown and Mohawk Valley, New York. 

Flenrotomarla mnrails Owen. 

Pleurotomaria muralis Owen, Rep. Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, 1852, 

p. 581, tab. 2, ^. 6.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P. 4, 1889, p. 

712, fig.— Whiteaves, Canadian Rec. Sd., 5, 1893, p. 319; Pal. Foss., Geol. 

Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 189. 
Ridunond: Red River of the North (Lower Fort Garry), Canada. 
jabfo^p«.— Cat. No. 17900, U.S.N Jf . 

PlsuBOTOMABiA. NASONi Hall. See Eotomana supradngulata. 

Plsubotomabia niota Hall and Whitfield. See Trochonema niota. 

Plxttbotomabia nodulosa HalL See Pleurotomaria mohawkensis. 

TIenrotomarIa normanl Billings. 
' Pleurotomaria Normani Billings, Pal. Fobs., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 228» 
^, 212. 
Canadian (Quebec — G): Cape Norman, Newfoundland. 

flearotomarlaf nueleolata Hall. 

Pleurotomaria? nueleolata Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 42, pi. 10, figs. 6a, b. — 

Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 713, figs. 
Black River (Lowville): Watertown, New York. 

PtBUBOTOMABiA NUMBBiA Billings. See Lioflpira numeria. 

Plearotomarlaf obsoleta Hall. 

Pleurotomaria? obsoleta Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 44, pi. 10, fig. 11. 
Black River (Lowville): Watertown, New York. 

Plbubotomabia O0CIDBN8 Hall and Whitfield. See Phanerotrema 

PtBUBOTOMABiA OHIOBN8I8 James. See Lophospira ohioensia. 






s^ 



1014 BULLETIN 92^ UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Plbubotomabia pauper Hall. See Trochonejna pauper. 

Plbubotomaria paupbr Billings. See Raphistoma stamineiim. 

Plbukotomaria pebcarinata Hall. See Gyronema percarinatum. 

Pleurotomabia pbrlata Hall. See liospira perlata. 

Pleurotomaria PERTETU8TA Hall. See Eucoiiia(?) peryetusta. 

Pleurotomarla postumla Billings. 

Pleurotomaria Postumia Billings, PaL Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 91 

(adv. sheets, 1862). 
Canadian?: Point Levis (Levis— erratics) and Phillipsbuig, Quebec. 

Pleurotomaria prognb Billings. See Liospira progne. 

Pleurotomarlaf qaadrlcarinata Hall. 

Pleurotomaria quadricarinata Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 43, pL 10, fig. 8. — 

Emmons, Amer. (jeology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 160. 
Black Biver (Lowville): Wat«rtown, New York. 

Pleurotomaria (Euconia?) quebecensls (Billings). 

Pleurotomaria Quebecensis Billings, Pal. Fobs., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p 

190, figs. 172-174. 
Ozarkiaa? (Levis— erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

Pleurotomaria racinbnsib Whitfield. See Mourlonia racinensis. 

Pleurotomaria ramsati Billings. See Euconia ramsayi. 

Pleurotomaria rotuloides Hall. See Raphistoma rotuloides. 

Pteurotomarla rotundisplra Billings. 

Pleurotomaria rotundispira BUUngs, Pal. Foes., 1^ Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, 

p. 191. 
Ozarkian? (Levis— erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

Pleurotomaria (Eotomaria?) selecta Billings. 

Pleurotomaria selecta Billings, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 224, 

fig. 208. 
Chazyan (Quebec — ^H, I, K, L): Table Head, Newfoundland. 

Pleurotomaria semele Hall. See Plethospira semele. 

Pleurotomaria sigaretoldes Winchell and Marcy. 

Pleurotomaria sigaretoldes Wincb^ and Marcy, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 

1865, p. 98, pi. 3, fig. 5. 
Niagaran (Racine): Chicago, Illinois. 

Pleurotomaria solarioides Hall. See Pycnomphalus solarioides. 

Pleurotomaria solarioides Billings. See Liospira perlata. 

Pleurotomaria sponsa Billings. 

Pleurotomaria si>on6a Billings, Pal. Fobs., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 226. 
Chazyan (Quebec — ^N): Table Head, Newfoundland. 

Pleurotomaria stokeslana Whiteaves. 

Pleurotomaria Stokesiana Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 3, 

1897, p. 190, pL 20, figs. 9, 9a. 
Black Biver or Richmond: West shore of Lake Winnip^, opposite north end of 

Selkirk Island, Canada. 



BIBUOGBAPHIG LIST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 1015 

ftjRTBOTOicAKLL STBIATA Miller. Soo Plethospira Btriata. 
PuuBOToicABiA 8UB0ONI0A Hall. See Ciathiospiia Bubooiiica. 

neorotomaiis slibdepressa Hall. 

Plenxotomaria subdepreesa HaU, PaL New York, 2, 1852, p. 883 pi. 76, fig. 2a, b. 
Gayngan (CobleBkUl): Schoharie, New York. 

PuEUBoioicABiA suBnuBTiBiATA Hall. Soo liospua sobtiliBtriata. 

Pleubotomabia BUFBAdNGULA^ Billliigs. Soo Eotomaria supracingulata. 

pLavBoroiiABiA Stbillena BiUings. See Lophospira sybillina. 

PLiVBaroMABiA. THAUA Billings. See Oyclonema thalia. 

VhKuworroMAxuL trilinbata James. See Lophoepira ohioensis. 

PiBUBOTOMABiA TBOPiDOFHOBA Miller. Soo Lophospiia tropidophora. 

nearotomBrla townsendli Wliiteayee. 

PleuTotomaria Townsendii Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 
1S95, p. 77, pi. 15, fig. 9; Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 1906,' 
p. 336. 

(Guelph): Durham, Ontario. 



Plbubotoicabia tubgida HaU. See Sinuopea tuigida. 

PLBtTBOTOMABiA UMBiucATA Hall. Soo Trochonema umbUicatum. 

nearotomaria (Eeeyllomphaliisf) Tagrans (Billings). 

Pleurotomaria vagrans Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 90, 

fig. 82 (adv. sheets, 1862). 
Ozarkian? (Levis— enatics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

Plbubotomabia Valebia Billings. See Eu(»nphaloptenis Valeria. 

Plbubotomabia vabicosa Emmons. See Murchisonia? varicosa. 

Plbubotomabia vbiabis Whiteaves. See Euomphalopterus velaris. 

Plbubotomabia vbntbicosa Miller. See Seelya ventricosa. 

Plbubotomabia Viola Billings. See Poleumita viola. 

Plenrotomarta vlrgo Billings. 

Pleurotomarifi vugo Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 224, 

^, 207. 
Chazyan (Quebec— H, I, K, L): Table Head, Newfoundland. 

fleiiTotomarla Tirguncula Billings. 

Pleurotomaria viiguncula Billings, Pal. Foes., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 

225, fig. ^209. 
GiaiEyan (Quebec— H, I, E, L): Table Head, Newfoundland. 

PxsuBOTOMABiA viTBUviA BlllingB. Soo liospira vitruvia.. 



1016 BtTLLBTIN 92^ UNITBD STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PLEUBOTBOCHUS Grabau. Genotype: P. tricarinatos Giabau. 

PleuiotrochuB Grabau, Michigan Geol. Surv.» Geol. Ser., 1, 1909, p. 179. 

Pleurotroehus triearlnatus Grabau. 

PleurotrochuB tricarinatus Grabau, Michigan Geol. Surv., Geol. Ser., 1, 1909, 

p. 180, pi. 27, figs. 1, 2; pi. 16, fig. 5. 
Upper Monroan (Lucas): Salt shaft, Detroit, Michigan. 

PuoMSRA Baymond (not Angelin). See Pliomerops Baymona. 

PuoMSRA CANADBN8I8 Gfibatt and ffliimer. See Pliomerops canadensis. 

PUOMEBOPS Baymond. Grenotype: Amphion canadenas BUlings. 

PUomera Baymond (not Angelin), Amer. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 19, 1905, p. 377. — 

Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 321. 
Pliomerops Baymond, Amer. Jour. Sd., 4th ser., 19, 1905, p. 378; Zittd-Eastman 

Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 726. 

Pliomerops barrandel (Billings). 

Amphion Barrandei Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, GeoL Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 288, 

fig. 277, a, b. 
Pliomerops barrandei Baymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 7, 1910, p. 76, fig. 7. 
Chazyan (Quebec— I, E, N, P): Point Bich, Table Head, Bonne Bay, etc., 

Newfoundland. 

Pliomerops canadensis (Billings). 

Amphion Canadensis Billings, Canadian Nat. Ged., 4, 1859, p. 381, fig. 12; OeoL 

Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 133, fig. 69; Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. 

Canada, 1865, p. 288, fig. 278.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 527, fig. 

956.— Baymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 3, 1905, p. 363, pi. 14, figs. 10-13. 
Cf. Calymene multicosta Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 228, pi. 60, fig. 3. 
PUomera canadensis Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 321, fig. 

1634ar-c. 
Pliomerops canadensis Baymond, Amer. Jour. Sd., 19, 1905, p. 378 (gen. ref.); 

Ann. Carnegie Mus., 7, 1910, p. 75, ^1. 18, fig. 14, figs. 4-6; 7th Bep. Vermont 

State Geo!., 1910, p. 238, pi. 36, figs. 10-13; pi. 38, fig. 14.— Perkins, Bep. 

Vermont State Geol., 8th ser., 1912, pi. 18, fig. 14. 
Chasyan: Mingan Islands (Mingan) and Montreal, Canada; Valcour Island, 

Chazy, etc.'. New York; Isle La Motte, Vermont 

Fllomeropsf eonvexns (Billings). 

Amphion convexus Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Ged. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 322. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Stanbridge, Quebec. 

FllomeropsI Insularls (Billings). 

Amphion insularis Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 290. 
Canadian (Quebec — G): Port aux Choix, Newfoundland. 

PUomeropsf Julius (Billings). 

Amphion Julius Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 290, fig. 279. 
Chazyan (Quebec— P): Cow Head, Newfoundland. 

Fllomeropsf neTadenSls (Walcott). 

Amphion Nevadensis Walcott, Mon. U. S. Geol. Surv., 8, 1884, p. 94, pi. 12, fig. 13. 
Upper Pogonip: Eureka and White Pine Districts, Nevada. 
Cb^pes.— Cat. No. 24645, U.S.N.M. 



BIBLIOGRAPHIO LIST OF GEHEEA AND SPE0IB8« 1017 

nMMropef sftlteri (Billings). 

Amphion Smlteri BilHngs, Canadian Nat GeoL, 1861, p. 822, ^. 6; G«ol. Canada, 

Ged. 8urv. Canada, 1863, p. 278, fig. 284a, b; PaL Foes., 1, Geol. Surv. 

Canada, 1865, p. 352, fig. 889. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Fhillipebmg, Quebec. 

netneropsf irestoiil (BilUngB). 

AmplkicHi Westoni Billings, PaL Foes., 1, Geol. Surv., Canada, 1865, p. 821, fig. 

307, a, b. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Stanbridge, Quebec. 

Pluiculctbs OKAcnj.nnjs Lesley. See Tuziilepafl gracillimus. 

Vlxjwuistbb JTamssi HaU and Whitfield. See L^pidocoleus jamesi 

FODOUTHUS Saideacm. Genotype: P. strophocrinus Sardeeon. 

Podolithus Sardeson, Jour. Geol., 16, 1908, p. 242. 

Ob«ervation. — Founded up(m crinoid bases or roots. The necessity of giving 
separate names to such objects and the value of such work is not apparent. The 
author creates the genus and species knowing that these oiganisms are only 
baaee of associated crinoids. 

FodoUthns anomalocrlnus Sardeeon. 

Poddithns anomalocrinus Sardesom, Jour. Qeol., 16, 1906, p. 246. 
Trenton: Dodge County, Minnesota. 

Podolitlius dendrocrlnus Sardeeon. 

Podolithus dendrocrlnus Sardeson, Jour. Geol., 16, 1908, p. 248. 
Black River and Trenton: St. Paiil, Minnesota. 

Fodolithns euehelroerlnas Sardeeon. 

Podolithus eucheirocrinus Sardeson, Jotur. Geol., 16, 1908, p. 247. 
Black River and Trenton: St. Paul, Minnesota. 

Fodollthns schliocrlnns Sardeson. 

Podolithus schizocrlnus Sardeson, Jour. Ged., 16, 1908, p. 244. 
Black River: Minnesota. 

PoDouTHUS 8TROPHOGSINU8 Saidoson. See Caiabocriiius dicyclicofl. 

POLSUHITA Clarke and Ruedemann. 

Genotype: P. scamnata Clarke and Ruedemann. 

Euomphalus (part) Sowerby, Min. Conch., 1, 1814, p. 97. 

Ortsotoma (part) Lindstrom (not Munier Chalmas, 1876), Silur. Gastrop. and 

Pterop. Gotland, 1884, p. 156. 
H(»iostoma Fischer, Manuel Conch., etc., 1885, p. 813. 
Omphalotrochus Lindstrom (not Meek), Sil. Gast. and Pter. Gotland, 1884, p. 

156.— Eastman, Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 447. 
Polytzopis Dekoninck (not Sandbeiger, 1874), Fauna Carbon., 2, pt. 8, 1881, p. 

107.— Eoken, Neues Jahrb. Min., Geol. Pal., 6, Beilage-Band, 1889, p. 425.— 

Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 89.— Koken, 

Die Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, pp. 126, 459, ^. 244; Neues Jahrb. Min., 

Geol. Pal., 1, 1898, p. 24. 
Poleumita Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 5, 1903, p. 59. — 
* Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 337.— <jrabau and 

Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 667. 
Polytropina Donald, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 61, 1905, p. 575, 



1018 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Poleumit* bellasculptllls Savage. 

Poleumita bellasculptilis Savage, Bull. Geol. Surv. lUInois, 23, 1913, p. 101, pi. 6, 

fig. 3. 
Upper Medinan (Edgewood): Pike Ck>unty, MisBouri. 

Poleumita crenulata (Whiteavee). 

StraparoUus cienulatUB WMteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foas., 3, pt. 2, 1SS4^ 

p. 21, pi. 3, figs. 8a-b.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1890, 

p. 1079, figs. 
Poleumita crenulata Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State MuBeum, 5, 

1903, p. 64, pi. 9, figs. 9, 11, 16-24. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Foosilflp 

1, 1909, p. 667, ^. 924a. 
Polytropia crenulatus Whiteavee, Pal. Foes., Geol. Siurv. Canada, 3,pt 2, 1895, 

p. 91. 
Poleumita cf. crenulata Grabau, Michigan Geol. Surv., Geol. Ser., 1, 1909, p. 195, 

pi. 16, fig. 27. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Duiham, Ontario; Shelby and Rochester, New York, 
7Upper Monzoan (Lucas): Salt shaft, Detroit, Michigan. 

Poleumita durhamensis (Whiteavee). 

Polytropis Diurhamensis Whiteaves, Pal. Fobs., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, 

p. 91, pi. 14, figs. 1 and 2. 
Poleumita durhamensis Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foes., 3, pt. 4, 1906, 

p. 338 (gen. ref.). 
Niagaran (Guelph): Near Durham, Ontario. 

Poleumita hudsonica Parks. 

Gyronema tr Poleumita hudsonica Parks in Tyrrell, 22d Rep. Ontario Bur. 

Mines, 1913, p. 36. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Severn River, Ontario. 

Poleumita hunttngtonensls (Kindle and Breger). 

Oriostoma huntingtonensis Kindle and Breger, 28th Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. 

Res. Indiana, 1904, p. 463, pi. 14, ^. 14, 15. 
Niagaran: Huntington, Indiana. 

Poleumita huntingtonensis aitemata (Kindle and Breger). 

Oriostoma huntingtonensis var. altematum Kindle and Breger, 28th Ann. Rep. 

Dep. Creol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1904, p. 465, pi. 14, ^. 9. 
Niagaran: Huntington, Indiana. 
-Hbtotypc.— Cat. No. 52943, U.S.N.M. 

Poleumita macrolineata (Whitfield). 

Eomphalus macrolineatus Whitfield, Ann. Rep. for 1877, Wisconsin Qeol, Surv., 
1878, p. 82; Geol. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 294, pi. 18, figs. 5, 6.— Whiteavee, 
Pal. Foss., Creol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 1, 1884, p. 20, pi. 3, fig. 6. 

Polytropis macrolineatus Whiteaves, ibid., 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 91. 

Poleumita macrolineata Whiteaves, ibid., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 338 (gen. ref.). 

Niagaran: Manitowoc Rapids, Wisconsin; Elora and Durham, Ontario (Guelph). 

Poleumita parmla (Whiteaves). 

Polytropis parvulus Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, 
p. 92, pi. 13, figs. 10, 10a, 



KBLIOeBAPHIO USX OF QEKBBA AND SPBCIES^ 1019 

Foleiuiilta paimlft— Continued. 

Poleumitaparvula Whiteavee, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Fobs., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 338 

(gen. ref.). 
Niagaian (Guelph): Durham, Ontario. 

Pblemiilt* plana (Kindle and Breger). 

Oiiostoma plana Kindle and Breger, 28th Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 

1904, p. 465, pi. 14, figs. 7, 8. 
Niagazan: Geoigetown, Indiana. 

Folemnlta mgieUneata (Hall and Whitfield). 

Euomphalus (Cyclonema) rugseHneata Hall and Whitfield, 24th Rep. New York 

State Cab. NaL Hist., 1872, p. 186; 27th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. 

HJflt, 1875, pi. 13, ^, 2. 
CyckmemanigaelineataNettelroth, Kentucky Foes. Shells, Geol. Surv. Kentucky, 

1889, p. 187, pi. 33, ^g. 21. 
Niagann (Louisville): Louisville, Kentucky. 
Pferfo^pe.— Cat. No. 61362, U.S.N.M 

Folenmlta seamnata Clarke and Ruedemann. 

Poleumita scamnata Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 5, 

1903, p. 60, pi. 9, figs. 1-8, 10, 12-15.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 

Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 667, fig. 924b. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Shelby and Rochester, New York. 

Tolettmltaf snleata (Hall). 

Euomphalus sulcatus Hall, Geol. New York, 4, 1843, p. 137, fig. 4, p. 138; tab. 
ill. 25, ^g, 4. — Owen, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 2d ser., 1, 1846, p. 46, fig. 4. — 
Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 340, fig. 4.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsyl- 
vania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 232, figs. 

Cyclonema sulcata Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 347, pi. 84, figs, lar-d.— 
Billings, Geol. Canada, Creol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 343, fig. 350.— White- 
aves. Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 1, 1884, p. 18, pi. 3, fig. 5. 

Polytropis sulcatus Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 
89, pi. 13, figs. 9, 9a. 

Polenmita(?) sulcata Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 5, 
1903, p. 62, pi. 10, fig. 1-4. 

Poleumita sulcata Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 4, 1906, p. 
337. 

Niagazan (Guelph): Newark, Wayne County, Shelby, and Rochester, New York; 
Cralt, Hespeler, etc., Ontario. 

Foleumlta viola (Billings). 

Pleurotomaria? Viola Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 169.— 

Whiteaves, ibid., 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 76, pi. 12, fig. 2; ibid., pt. 4, 1906, p. 836. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Gait, Ontario. 

POUICIPBS AurlviUius. 

Pollicipes AuriviUius, Bihangtill K. Sv. yet.-Akad. Handl., 18, Aid. 4, No. 8, 
1892, p. 4.-01aike, Zittel-Eastman Teztb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 650.; ibid., 2d 
ed., 1913, p. 745. 

foIUelpes sflurlciis Ruedemann. 

PoUidpes siluricus Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 42, 1901, p. 578, pi. 

2, figs. 16-24; Bull. New York State Mus., 162, 1912, p. 122, pi. 
Trenton (Snake Hill): Green Island and Mechanicsville, New York, 

84248*— BuU. 02— vol 2—16 ^20 



1020 BULLETIN 92^ UIHTED STATES KATIOKAL MU8EX7M. 
PoLTGOPE suBLBMTicuLARX^ Jones. See Schmidtella eublenticularis. 
P0LTDILA6MA Hall. See Zaphrentbi Rafineeque. 

POLTGXATHUS Hinde. Genotype: P. dubiua Hinde. 

Polygnathus Hinde, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 1879, p. 361. — Miller, N. A. 
Geo!. Pal., 1889, p. 620.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 6, 1899, p. 
153. 

Polygnathus wflsonl James. 

Polygnathus wilsoni James, Jomr. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 7, 1884, p. 148, pL 7, 

^g* c. 
MaysvUle (Corryville): Warren Ck)unty, Ohio. 

POLTGTEATA Weller. Genotype: P. sinistia Weller. 

Polygyrata Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 130. 

Polygyrata hunterensls (Oleland). 

Pleurotomana hunterensis Gleland, Bull. Amer. Pal., 3, 1900, p. 124 (252), pi. 17, 

figs. 1, 2, 7, 8; ibid., 4, 1903, p. 16, pi. 4, figs. 1, 2. 
Polygyrata himterensis Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, p. 130 (gen. ref.), 
Canadian (Tribes Hill): Ft. Hunter, Tribes Hill, Little Falls, etc., New York. 

Polygyrata polygyrata (Roemer). 

Euomphalus polygyratus Roemer, Texas, Bonn, 1849, p. 421; Ereidebildungen 

von Texas, Bonn, 1852, p. 91, pi. 11, figs. 4a, 4b. 
Polygyrata polygyratus Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 130 (gen. 

ref.). 
Canadian (Beekmantown): San Saba Valley, Texas. 

Polygyrata rotuliformts (Meek). 

Euomphalus (Raphistoma) rotidifomusMeek, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 

1870, p. 61. 
Raphistoma? rotuliformis Meek, U. S. Geol. Expl., 40th Pari., 4, 1877, p. 18, pi. 

1, figs. 2ar-b. 
Polygyrata rotuliformis Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 130 (gen. 

ref.). 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Muddy Creek, Nevada. 
Cotypes.— Cat. No. 17316, U.S.N.M. 

Polygyrata sinistra Weller. 

Polygyrata sinistra Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal. , 3, 1903, p. 130, pi. 4, 

figs. 1, 2. 
Ca n adian (Beekmantown): Colimibia, New Jersey. 

Polygyrata trochlscus (Meek). 

Euomphalus (Raphistoma?) trochlscus Meek, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel- 
phia, 1870, p. 61. 

Raphistoma? trochlscus Meek, U. S. Geol. Expl., 40th Pari., 4, 1877, p. 19, pi. 1, 
figs. 3, 3a, 3b.-'White, Rep. IT. S. Gepgr. Surv., West 100th Merid., 4, War 
Dep., 1877, p. 77, pi. 4, ^, 13»-c. 

Polygyrata trochlscus Weller, Geol. Siurv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 130 (gen. 
ref.). 

Canadian (Beekmantown): Muddy Creek, Nevada. 

Cotypet.'-Ca.i. No. 17315, U.8.N J^. 



BIBUOGBAPHIC LIST OF GEITEBA. AND SPECIES. 1021 

FOLTOBOFHE Lisdfitztoi. Genotype: P. glabra LindBtrGm. 

Polyarophe Lindstrdm, Ofvera E. Vet.-Akad. Forhandl., 39, No. 3, 1882» pp. 16, 
20; Bihang till E. Sv. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 8, 1883, p. 12; ibid., 21, Afd. 4, 
No. 7, 1896, p. 43. 

Myorophe radkula Foerste. 

Polyorophe radicula Foerste, Bull. Kentucky Greol. Surv., 7, 1906, p. 313, pi. 6, 

figs. 3a-e. 
Clinton (Waco): Near Estill Springs, north of Irvine, Kentucky. 

PoLTFHEMOPSis PoTtlock. Soo Subulites Conrad. 

POLTPOBA McCoy. Genotype: P. dendroides McCoy. 

Polypora McCoy, Sjmopeis Carbon. Fobs. Ireland, 1845, p. 206. — ^D'Orbigny, 
Prodr. de Pal., 1, 1850, p. 45.— HaU, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 167.— McCoy, 
British Pal. Foes., 1854, p. 115.— Pictet, Traite de Pal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 166.— 
Eichwald, Lethasa Eossica, 1, 1860, p. 372. — Nicholson, Pal. Province, 
Ontario, 1874, p. 98. — Etheridge, Jun., Proc. Geol. Assoc., 4, 1875, p. 120. — 
Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1880, p. 601.— Vine, Rep. British Assoc. Adv. Sci., 
1881, p. 170; Geol. Mag., dec. 2, 7, 1881, p. 513.— Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. 
Nat Hist., 5, 1882, p. 150.— Claypole, Quar. JoUr. Geol. Soc. London, 39, 
1883, p. 31.— Vine, Rep. 53d Meeting British Assoc. Adv. Sd., 1884, p. 194.— 
Hall, Rep. State Geol. New York for 1884, 1885, p. 35.— Vine, Proc. York- 
diire Geol. Polyt. Soc., 9, 1885, p. 86. — ^Waagen and Pichl, Pjd. Indica, ser. 
13, 1885, pp. 774, 781.— Uhich, Contr. Amer. Pal., 1, 1886, p. 5.— Foerste, Bull. 
Sci. Lab. D^nison Univ., 2, 1887, p. 82.— Hall and Simpson, Pal. New York, 
6, 1887, p. 24.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 315.— Uhich, Geol Sur. 
Illinois, 8, 1890, pp. 396, 585.— Po^ta, Syst. Sil. Bohteie, 8, 1, 1894, p. 84.— 
Simpson, 13th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1893, 1895, pp. 699, 724; 
47th Ann. Rep. New York State Mufl., pp. 893, 918.— Whidbome, Devon. 
Fauntf England (Pal. Soc. Pub., 49), 2, pt. 4, 1895, p. 174.— Uhich, Zittel's 
Textb. Pal. (Engl, ed.), 1896, p. 282.— Simpson, 14th Ann. Rep. State Geol. 
New York for 1894, 1897, pp. 502, 520.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. 
Sd., 6, 1899, p. 162.— Nickles and Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 
1900, p. 39, 357.— Grabau, Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 172; Bull. 
Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sd., 7, 1901, p. 172.— Condra, Nebraska Geol. Surv., 2, pt. 
1, 1903, p. 67.— Cumings, Amer. Jour. Sd., 4th ser,, 17, 1904, p. 49, 70. — 
Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 52.— Cumings, 30th Ann. Rep. 
Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1906, p. 1283.— Hennig, Archiv. fOr Zool., K. 
Sven. Vet.-Akad. Stockhohn, 3, No. 10, 1906, p. 12.— Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. 
Surv., 292, 1906, p. 52.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, 
p. 148.— Bassler, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 341. 

IVotoretopora Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1880, p. 602.— Etheridge, Proc; Royal Phys. 
Soc. Edinburgh, 5, 1880, p. 275. 

Polyporella Simpson, 13th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1893, 1895, pp. 
700, 725; 47th Ann. Rep. New York State Mus., pp. 894, 919; 14th Ann. Rep. 
State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, pp. 502, 520. 

Flabelliporella Sim2>son, 13th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1893, 1895, 
pp. 703, 725; 47th Ann. Rep". New York State Mus., pp. 897, 919; 14th Ann. 
Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, pp. 502, 521. 

Protoretepora De Koninck, Rech. sur les Foss. Pal. de la Nouv. Gkdles du Sud, 3, 
1876, p. 176; 1898, Engl, trans., Mem. Geol. Sur. New South Wales, Pal. No. 
6, p. 136. 



I*.-. 



1022 BULLETIN 92, UNITED &TATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Poljpora alblonensis Spencer. Becognizable? 

Polypora (Feneetella?) albionensis Spencer, TianB. St. Louis Acad. Sci., 4, 18S4, 
p. 605, pL 7, figs. 6, 5a; Bull. Mus. Univ. State MisBOuri, 1, 1884, p. 55, pi. 7» 
figs. 5, 5a. 

Niagaran: Six milee east of Hamilton, Ontario. 

Polypora conferta (Hall). 

Feneetella conferta Hall, Trans. Albany Institute, 10, 1883, p. 63 (abstract, 1879, 

p. 7); nth Ann. Rep. Indiana Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 252. 
Niagaran (Waldron): Waldrdh, Indiana. 

» 
Polypora dictyota Ulrlch and Bassler. 

PolypOTa dictyota Ulrich and Bassler, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, p. 

283, pi. 47, fig. 3. 

Helderbergian (Keyser): Cumberland, Maryland. 

Holotype.—€&t No. 60742, U.S.N.M. 

Polypora incepta Hall. 

Polypora incepta Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 167, pi. 40D, figs. 5ar-f .— Pictet, 
Tralte de Pal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 166, pi. 92, fig. 15.— Ulrich, Geol. Surv. 
Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 358, pi. 55, fig. 1.— Grabau, Bull. New York State Mus., 
45, 1901, p. 172, fig. 73; BuU. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 172, fig. 73.— 
Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 52, pi. 19, figs. 8-13.— Grabau 
and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 148, fig. 204. 

Clinton (Rochester): Rochester and Lockport, New York; Grimsby, Ontario. 

Piewotype.— Cat. No. 44074, U.S.N.M. (Ulrich). 

Polypora panctostrlata (Hall). 

Feneetella punctostriata Hall, 28th Ann. Rep. New York State Mus. (doc. ed.), 
1876, pi. 12, figs. 15, 16; mus. ed., 1879, p. 125, pi. 12, figs. 15, 16; 11th Amu 
Rep. Indiana Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 251, pL 11, figs. 15, 16. 

Niagaran (Waldron): Waldron, Indiana. 

Polypora tantula (Hall). 

Feneetella tantulus Hall, Trans. Albany Institute, 10, 1883, p. 64 (abstract, 1879, 

p. 8); 11th Ann. Rep. Indiana Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 253. 
Niagaran (Waldron): Waldron, Indiana. 

PoLTPOBELLA Simpsou. See Polypora McCoy. 

POLTTffiCHIA Hall and Clarke. Crenotype: Hemipronites apicalis Whitfield. 

Polytcechia Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 239, figs. 11, 12; 

nth Ann. Rep. New York State Geol., 1894, p. 275.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal.. 

1st App., 1892, p. 690.— Schuchert, Zittol-EastmanTextb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 320; 

ibid., 2d ed., 1913, p. 393.— Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 28, 1905, p. 295. 

PoIytoDchla apicalis (Whitfield). 

Hemipronites apicalis Whitfield, Bull. American Mtis. Nat. Hist., 2, 1886, p. 300, 

pi. 24, figs. 1-5.— Seely, Vermont State Geol., Rep. 7, 1910, pi. 62, figs. 1-5. 
Polytcechia apicalis Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, p. 239, fig. 

11, 12, pi. 7A, figs. 26-30. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Fort Cassin, Vermont. 

PoLTTCBCHiA? MONTANBNSis Walcott. Soo ClarkoUa montanensis. 

PoLTTOMURUs Hawlo and Corda. See Dionide Barrande. 

PoLTTBOFiNA Donald. See Poleumita Clarke and Ruedemann. 



BIBUOORAPHIO UST OF GBKBBA AND 0PEOIE8. 1028 

PoLTTBOPis Dekoninck. See Poleumite Clarke and Ruedemann. 

FOICTOBDEIXOPSIS Buedemann. Genotype: P. cometa Buedemann. 

Pontobdellopeda Buedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 42» 1901, p. 674. 

Fontobdellopsis cometa Buedemann. 

PontobdellopaiB cometa Buedemann, Bull. New York State Mub;, 42, 1901, 

p. 674, pi. 1, figs. 14-18. 
Trenton (Snake Hill): Bural Cemetery, near Albany, New York. 

PONTOCTPRIS Sara. Genotype: P. seinilata San. 

Pontocypris Sars, Overgigt af Norges Marine Ostracoder, 1865, p. 15. — ^Brady, 
Intellectual Obeerver, 12, London, 1867, p. 118.— XJlrlch, Z^ttel-Eastman 
Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 646.— Baadw, ibid., 2d ed., 1913, p. 740. 

Fontoeyprls areuata UMch and Baasler. 

Pontocypris arcuata Ulrich and Baasler, Maryland Geol. Suiv., Low. Dev., 1913, 

p. 541, pL 98, figB. 23-25. 
Helderbergian (Eeyser): Cumberland, Maryland. 
Folotype.— Oat. No. 63288, U.S.N Jf. 

Fontocyprls(?) lUlnoIsensis Ulrich. 

PontocypriB(?) illinoisenaiB Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 13, 1890, 

p. 107, pi. 10, figs. 16a-c. 
Bichmond (Maquoketa): Savannah, lUinois. 
Eolotype,—€sX. No. 41333, U.S.N.M. 

^ntoeyprls mawl breriata Jonee. 

Pontocyprifl mawii var. breviata Jones, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 6th ser., 4, p. 269, 

pi. 15, ^. 4. — Ulrich and Bassler, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, 

p. 541, pi. 98, figs. 2&-28. 
SOozian: Gotland*' 

Helderbezgian (Eeyser): Cumberland, Maryland. 
Catypes.—CAt. No. 63287, U.S.N.M. 

PoRAMBONiTBa OBSCUBUS Hall and Whitfield. See Parastrophia(7) obscura. 

PoRAMBONiTES? OTTAWAENSis BlUlngs. See Bhynchotroma ottawaense. 

PoRCBLLZA (part) of authors. See Oxydiscus Koken. 

PoBCBLUA ORNATA Sharpo. See Cyrtolites omatus. 

PoBCELLiA 8BNBZ Wincholl and Marcy. See Platyceras senex. 

P0BITB8? AsrTRAFORMis Oweu. See Plasmopora foUis. 

PoBTTES iNORDiNATA Lonsdalo. Soo Hellolltes inordiuata. 

PoRiTBS MBOA8TOMA McCoy. See Heliolites megastoma. 

PoBTTES PETALLiFORMiB Lonsdalo. Soo Plasmopora petalifonnis. 

PoBiTBs? VETUSTA Hall. Soo Protarsea vetusta. 

FOBOCBINUS Billings. Genotype: P. conicus Billings. 

Pofocrinus Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Bep. Progr. for 1853-56, 1857, p. 279; 
Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 4, 1859, p. 33, fig. 13.— Meek and Worthen, Proc. 
Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1865, p. 145; (xeol. Surv. Illinois, 3, 1868, 
p. 329.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, Munich, 1879, p. 420.— Grant, Trans. Ottawa 
Field Nat Qub, 1, 1881, p. 42.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 273; Zittel- 



1024 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

POBOCRINUS--Gontmued. 

Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 184.— Bather, Treatise on Zool., pt. 3, 
Echinoderma, London, 1900, p. 172^ fig. 86. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 
Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 473.— Springer, Zittel-Eastman Textb., Pal., 2d ed., 
1913, p. 217. 

Porocrlnus conlcus Billings. 

Porocrinus conicus Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Prpgr. for 1853-^, 1867, 
p. 279; Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 4, 1859, p. 34, pi. 2, figs. 6a-d. — ^Zittel, 
Handb. Pal., 1, Munich, 1879, p. 420, fig. 296a.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 
1889, p. 273, fig. 400.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 
474. — Springer, Geol. Surv. Canada, Mem. 15P, 1911, p. 41 (loc. occ.). 

Trenton (Curdsville): Ottawa and Eirkfield, Ontario. 

Porocrinus crassus Meek and Worthen. 

Porocrinus crassus Meek and Worthen, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Philadeli^iia, 1865, 

p. 145; Geol. Surv. Illinois, 3, 1868, p. 330, figs. A, B, pi. 4, figs. 2a, b.— Miller, 

N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 273, figs. 401, 402. 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Osw^o, Kendall County, lUinoiB. 

Porocrinus kentucktensis Miller and Gurley. 

Porocrinus kentuckiensis Miller and Gurley, Bull. Illinois State Mus. Nat. Hist., 

5, 1894, p. 24, pi. 2, fig. 19.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 751, 

^. 1380. 
Trenton (Curdsville): Mercer County, Kentucky. 

Porocrinus pentagonlus Meek and Worthen. 

Porocrinus pentagonius Meek and Worthen, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 

1865, p. 146; Geol. Surv. Illinois, 3, 1868, p. 332, pi. 1, fig. 3. . 
Black Biver (Platteville): Dixon, Illinois. 

Porocrinus shawl Schuchert. 

Porocrinus shawi Schuchert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 22, 1900, p. 155, pi. 12, 

figs. 1-3. 
Mohawkian: Head of Frobisher Bay, Baffin Land, 
flbtofype.— Cat. No. 28145, U.S.N.M. 

Porocrinus smith! Grant. 

Porocrinus Smithi Grant, Trans. Ottawa Field Nat. Club, 1, 1881, p. 42, pi. figs. 

1-8. — ^Bather, Treatise on 2^1., pt. 3, Echinodenna, London, 1900, p. 173, 

fig. 86. 
Trenton: Belleville, Ontario. 

PosmoNiA ALATA Hall. See Cyrtodonta? alata. 
PosmoNOMYA ALATA Miller. See Cyrtodonta? alata. 
PosiooNOUYA AKTODAUNA Enimons. See Ambonychia amygdalina. 
PosiDONOMYA BELLiSTBiATA Emmous. See Ambonychia bellistrlata. 
PoanooNOMYA OBTUSA Emmons. See Cyrtodonta obtusa. 
PosiDOKoicTA ORBicuLABis Emmous. See Ambonychia Orbicularis. 
PosmoNOKYA? RHOMBomBA Hall. See Pterinopecten? rhomboideum. 
PosiDONOKYA suBUNDATA Emmous. . Soo Cliouychia undata. 



BIBUOORAPHIO UST OF QENRBA AKD 8PBCIB8. 1025 

POTBRIOCERAS McCoy. Genotype: P. ellipticuin McCoy. 

Poteriocens McCoy, Syn. Carb. Foob. Ireland, 1844, p. 10. — Saemann, P^JsDonto- 
giaphica, 3, 1852, p. 157.— McCoy, Britiah Pal. Rocks Fosb., 1854, p. 321.— 
Blake, Mon. Biitiflh Foes. Cephalopoda, 1882, p. 57. — ^Foord, Cat. Foob. Ceph. 
British Mas., 1, 1888, p. 256.— Whidbome, Mon. Dev. F^una South England, 
1, Pal. Soc., 1890, p. 112.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., Ist App., 1892, p. 697.— 
Foord, Mon. Carb. Cephalopoda Ireland, Pal. Soc., 1898, p. 47.— Hyatt, 
Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 530.— Foord, Mon. Carb. Ceph. 
Ireland, pt. 5, Pal. Soc., App., 1903, p. 213. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. 
Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 126.— Hyatt, Zittel-Eastnian Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 
1913, p. 611. 

Apioceras Saemann, Pakeontographica, 3, 1852, pp. 138, 157, 162.— Woodward, 
Man. MoUuaca, pt. 3, 1856, p. 449. 

Adeistoceras Hyatt, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 22, 1883, p. 277. 

Orthoceras, Gomphoceras, Phragmoceras, and Cyrtoceras (part) of authors. 

Fotertoeeras apertnm Whiteaves. 

Poterioceras apertum Whiteaves, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 7, sec. 4, 1890, p. 78, 
pi. 14, figs. 2-4; ibid., 9, sec. 4, 1892, p. 87, pi. 11, figs. 2, 3.— Clarke, Geol. 
Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1897, p. 796, pi. 57, fig. 11.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. 
Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 217.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fos- 
sils, 2, 1910, p. 126, fig. 1372. 

Oncoceras constrlctum Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 1, 1856, p. 314, figs. 2, 3; 
Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 23. 

Black River or Richmond: Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba. 

Trenton: St. Paul and Cannon F^ls, Minnesota. 

PoTZBiocsRAs coNBTRicTuif Foord. See Oncoceras constrictum. 

Poterioceras graolle Whiteaves. 

Poterioceras gracile Whiteaves, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 9, sec. 4, 1892, p. 87, 

pi. 12, figs. 4, 4a; Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, p. 219. 
Black River or Richmond: Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba. 

Poterioceras noblle Whiteaves. 

Poterioceras nobile Whiteaves, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 7, sec. 4, 1890, p. 77, 

pi. 14, ^. 1; ibid., 9, sec. 4, 1892, p. 87; Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, 

pt. 3, 1897, p. 216. 
Black River or Richmond: East Selkirk and Lower Fort Gany, Manitoba. 

Poterioeeras obesum (Billings). 

Gomphoceras obesum Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Progr. for 1853-1856| 
1857, p. 311; Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 23 (loc. 
ref.). 

Richmond (English Head, Charleton): Charleton Point and Macasty Bay, Anti- 
costi. 

Poterioeeras sauridens Clarke and Ruedemann. 

Poterioceras sauridens Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 5, 
1903, p. 93, pi. 14, figs. 1-19.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 
1910, p. 127, fig. 1373. 
Poterioceras cf. sauridens Grabau, Michigan Geol. Surv., Geol. Ser., 1, 1909, 

p. 198, pi. 29, fig. 4. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Shelby and Rochester, New York. 

Upper Menroan (Amherstbuig): Detroit River, opposite Amherstbuig, Ontario. 
Observation. — See Cyrtoceras reversum Spencer. 



1026 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Poteriooeras tyrrelU Parks. 

Poteiioceras tyrrelli Parks in Tyrrell, 22d Bep. Ontario Bur. Mines, 1913, p. 33. 
Mohawk tan or Richmond: Shamattawa River, Manitoba. 

PoTBBiocBiNiTKS. (Dendbocrinus) of authoTS. See Dendrocrinus Hall. 

P0TER10CBINITB8 (Dendbocrikus) poltdacttlus Meek. See Onpulocrinufl poly- 
dactylus. 

PoTERiocBiNUs of authors. See Dendrocrinus Hall. 

P0TER10CRINU8? CALYX Hall. See Ampheristocriniis calyx. 

PoTERiocRiKUB pisiFOitMis Roomer. See Lecanocrinus pisiformis. 

PoTERiocRiNUs (Dendbocsinus) POLTDACTTLUS Mook. Soo Cupulociiniifl polydac- 
tylus. 

PBASOPOBA Nicholson and Etherldge, jr. 

(jenotype: P. graysa Nicholson and Etheridge, jr. 
Prasopora Nicholson and Etheridge, jr., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 20, 1877, 
p. 38; Mon. Sil. Fobs. Girvan Dist., 1878, p. 44.— Nicholson, Pal. Tabulate 
Corals, 1879, p. 324.— Zittel, Hicndb. Pal., 1, 1880, p. 616.— Nicholson, Genus 
Monticulipora, 1881, pp. 1(^, 202. — ^Ulridi, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 
6, 1882, p. 163.— Foord, Contr. Micro-Pal. Cambro-Sil., 1883, p. 10.— Roemer, 
Leth. geog., pt. 1, Letb. Pal., 1883, p. 472.— Waagen and Wentzel, Mem. Geol. 
Surv. India, Pal. Indica, 13tb ser., 1886, p. 909.— Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Den- 
ison Univ., 2, 1887, p. 170.— Miller, N. A. GeoL Pal., 1889, p. 201.— IJlrich, 
Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 371. — ^Rominger, Amer. GeoL, 6, 1890, pp. 
116-119; Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 244; (part) Zittel's Textb. Pal. (Engl. 
ed.), 1896, pp. 104, 273.— Simpson, 14tb Ann. Rep. State Creol. New York te 
1894, 1897, p. 586.— Nickles and Bassler, Bull. U. S. GeoL Surv., 173, 1900» 
p. 29. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 129. — Cumings, 
32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 753.— Bassler, Zittel- 
Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 332. 

Prasopora affinis Foord. 

Prasopora affinis Foord, Contr. Micro-Pal. Cambro-Sil., 1883, p. 12, pi. 3, figs. 

2-2c.— Ubich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, ^, 7c (p. 318). 
Trenton: Ottawa, Ontario; Cannon Falls and Berne, Minnesota (Ptosser). 

Prasopora caltcula Ulrich. See Aspidopora calycula. 

Prasopora comcA Simpson. See Prasopora conoidea. 

Prasopora oonoldea Ulrich. 

Prasopora conoidea Ulrich, 14ih Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minnesota, 1886, 

p. 87; Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 249, pi. 16, figs. 11-15.— Cumings, Bull. 

Geol. Soc. Amer., 23, 1912, p. 370, pi. 22, figs. 33-39; pi. 21, figs. 21, 22; pi. 

19, figs. 1-6, 9. 
-Prasopora conica (in error for conoidea) Simpson, 14th Ann. Rep. State Geologist 

New York for 1894, 1897, fig. 170 (p. 587). 
Black River (Decorah): Cannon Falls, St. Paul, etc., Ifinnesota. 
Cotypes.'-Cat, No. 43592, U.S.N.M. 

Prasopora contlgua Ulrich. 

Praspora contigua Ulrich, 14tb Ann. Rep. Creol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minnesota, 

1886, p. 87; Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 249, pi. 16, figs. 24-26.— J. F. James, 

Jour Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 16, 1894, p. 180. 
Black River (Decorah): Goodhue and Dakota Counties, Minnesota. 
Figured sections of Aotoeype.— Cat. No. 43590, U.S.N Jtf. 



BIBLIOQBAPHIO U8T OF GBKEBA AND 8PB0IE6. 1027 

FfMopoim falesl (James). / 

Monticulipora faled James, Jour. Cindimati Soc. Nat. Hist., 7, 1884, p. 138, pL 7, 
figs. 2-2d.— James and James, ibid., 10, 1888, p. 168.— J. F. James, ibid., 16, 
1894, p. 185.— Nickles and Basaler, Buy. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 322. 

PrasopOTafalesLBassler, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 30, 1906, p. 48, pi. 1, figs. 1-4. 

Trenton (Hermitage): Danville, Kentucky. 

Frasopom grandls (Ulrich). 

Monticulipora grandis Ulrich, 14th Ann. Rep. Creol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minnesota, 

1886, p. 78; Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 219, pi. 15, figs. 1-6. 
Frasopora grandis Nickles and Basaler, Bull. IT. S. Geol. Siuv., 173, 1903, p. 371. 
Black River (Decorah) and Trenton (Proswr): Minneapolis, St. Paul, and Gannon 

Falls, Minnesota. 
Cb^pa.— Cat. No. 43591, U.S.N Ji. 

Prasopora hero Seely. Not recognizable. 

Ptasoporahero Seely, Rep. Vermont State Geo!., 5, 1906, p. 187, pi. 45. 
Chazyan: Soutli Hero, Vermont. 

Prasopoba HOfiFiTAiJs UMch. See Homotrypella hoq;>italis. 

Frasopora Insularls Ulrich. 

FteBopora insularis Ulrich, Qeol, Minnesota, 3, 18^, p. 251, pi. 16, figs. 18-23. 
Trenton (Prosser): Caimon Falls, St. Paul, Bene, and Kenyan, Minnesota; 

Neenah, Wisconsin; Decorah, Iowa. 
Cb^pa.— Cat. No. 43588, U.S.N.M. 

Frasopora Insularis iilmorensls Ulrich. 

Frasopora insularis var. filmorensis Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 252, pi. 

16, figs. 18, 19. 
Trenton (Prosser): Fountain and Preston, Minnesota. 
Figured sections of holotype.—C&t. No. 43589, U.S.N.M. 

Frasopora lentleularis Ulrich. 

Frasopora lenticularis Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 253, pL 17, figs. 22-25. 
Black River (Decorah): St. Paul, Minnesota. 
Eolo^fpe.—C&t. No. 43587, U.S.N.M. 

Pbabopora. ltcoperdon Ulrich. See Frasopora simulatrix* 

Ptasopora lycoperdon selwyni Ami. Not recognizable. 

Frasopora lycoperdon Vanuxem, var. Selwyni Ami, Canadian Rec. Sd., 5, 1892, 

p. 99. 
Trenton: Quebec City, Quebec. 

Frasopora? nbwberrti Ulrich. See Aspidopora newberryi. 

Frasopora nodosa Ulrich. 

Frasop<»ra nodosa Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist, 6, 1882, p. 245, pi. 11, 

figs. 1-lb.— J. F. James, ibid., 16, 1894, p. 189. 
Trenton (Catheys): Nashville, Tennessee. 
Co^p«.— Cat. No. 43691, U.S.N.M. 

Frasopora oeulata Foord. 

Pra8op<Nra oeulata Foord, Contr. Micro-Pal. Cambro-Sil., 1883, p. 11, pi. 3, figs. 

1-lg.— Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 252, figs. 15c, d. 
Trenton: Ottawa, Ontario; Goodhue Coimty, Minnesota (Prosser). 
PUtiotjfpei.—Cst. No. 43586, U.S.N.M. 



1028 BULLETIK 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Prasopora parmxtla Foente. See Aspidopora pannula. 

Prasopora patera Ulrich and Bassler. 

Prasopora patera Ulrich and Basaler, Smiths. Misc. Coll. Quart., 47, 1904, p. 20, 

pi. 6, figs. 11-14. — Hayes and UMch, U. S. Geol. Surv., folio 95, illns. sheet, 

1903, figs. 44^6. 
Trenton (Hermitage): Near Columbia, Nashville, etc., Tennessee. 
Cotypes.—CBt. No. 43175, U.8.N.M. 

Prasopora selwyn! (Nicholson). 

Monticulipora (Diplotryx>a) Whiteavesii (part). Nicholson, PaL Tab. Corals, 

1879, p. 316. 
Monticulipora (Prasopora) Selwynii Nicholson, Crenus Monticulipora, 1881, p. 206, 

fig. 44. 
Prasopora selwyni Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 250, pi. 16, figs. 16, 17, 

^. 15a, b (p. 248); ZittePs Textb. Pal. (Engl, ed.), 1896, ^, 188A (not 

B=Peronopora decipiens (Rominger) p. 104). 
Trenton: Peterboro, etc., Ontario; Cannon Falls, Minnesota (Prosser). 
Plestotypes.—CaL Nos. 45052, 45053, U.S.N.M. 

Prasopora ssLwrmi var. hosptfalis Nicholson. See Homotrjrpella hospitalis. 

Prasopora simulatrix Ulrich. 

Prasopora simulatrix Ulrich, 14th Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Minnesota, 
1886, p. 85; Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 245, pi. 16, figs. 1-10; Zittel's Textb. 
Pal. (Engl, ed.), 1896, fig. 452.— Simpson, 14th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New 
York for 1894, 1897, figs. 171, 172, p. 587.— Nickles and Bassler, BulL U. S. 
Creol. Siu^., 173, 1900, p. 372.— Sardeson, Jour. Geol., 9, 1901, p. 10, pi. A, 
figs. 7-9.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 140, pi. 8, figs. 
1-3.— Nickles, Bull. Kentucky Geol. Surv., No. 5, 1905, p. 41, pi. 1, fig. 1.— 
Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 129, fig. 186d.— Bassler, 
Bull. Virginia Geol. Surv., 2a, 1909, p. 7, figs. 1-2.— Bassler, Zittel-Eastman 
Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 332, fig. 478. 

Prasopora lycoperdon Ulrich, Geol. Siu^. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 318, figs. 7ar4>. — 
Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 130. 
' Monticulipora selwynii J. F. James (not Nicholson), Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. 
Hist.,18, 1895, p. 86. 

Black River and Trenton: Kentucky, Tennessee, Minnesota, "^^^sconsin, Vir- 
ginia; etc. 

Cofypea.— Cat. Nos. 43593, 43594, U.S.N.M. 

Prasopora simulatrix orlentalls Ulrich. 

Monticulipora (Diplotrypa) Whiteavesii (in part). Nicholson, Pal. Tab. Corals, 

1879, p. 316, fig. 42c, pi. 14, fig. 1. 
Prasopora simulatrix var. orientalis Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 246, pi. 16, 

figs. 1, 2, 6, 7.— Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 49, 1901, p. 13. 
Trenton: Ottawa, Peterboro, etc., Ontario; Trenton Falls, New Yock. 
CoQ^p«.— Cat. Nos. 44054, 44055, U.S.N.M. 

PBIMIGOBALUNA Whitfield. Genotype: P. trentonensis Whitfield. 

Primicorallina Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 6, 1894, p. 357.— Miller, 
N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 721.— Ruedemann, Bull. New York State 
Miis., 133, 1909, p. 197. 

Primicorallina trentonensis Whitfield. 

Primicorallina trentonensis Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 6, 1894, p. 357, 
pi. 11, figs. 14-17; Mem. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1, pt. 2, 1895, pi. 4, figs. 



BIBUOOBAPHIO U6T OF GENEBA AND BPEGIES. 1029 

FrlmleormUIna trentonensls— Continued. 

14-17.— Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mua., 133, 1909, p. 198, figs. 1-3, 
pi. 1, figs. 1-2. 
Trenton: Middleville, New Ycnrk. 

PBIlfflTIA Jones and HoU. Genotype: Beyrlchia mundula Jones. 

Prinutia Jones and HoU, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 3d ser., 16, 1865, p. 415. — Jonee, 
Monthly Micros. Jour., 4, 1870, p. 191.— Barrande, Syst. Sil. du Centre 
Boheme, 1, Suppl., 1872, p. 639.— Alth, Abhandl. der K.-K. Geol. Reiclis- 
.anstalt, 7, Heft. 1, 1874, p. 64. — Callaway, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 
33,1877, p. 668.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1885, p. 553.— Jones, Ann. Mag. Nat. 
Hist., 5th ser., 19, 1887, p. 193.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 661.— 
Vogdes, Annals New York Acad. Sci., 5, 1889, p. 30, pi. 2, fig. 14.— Krause, 
Zeits. d. d. geol. Gesell, 41, 1889, p. 4.— XHrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 
1894, p. 650.— Koken, Die Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 39.— Gurich, Verh. 
d. Ru8s.-Eais. Mineral Gesell. zu St. Petersburg, 2d ser., 32, 1896, p. 382.— 
Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 6, 1899, p. 303.— Uhich, ZittePs Textb. 
Pal. (Amer. ed.), 1900, p. 644.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. 
Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 1041. — ^Bonnema, l^iitt. Min. Geol. Inst. Groningen, 2, 
1909, p. 15.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 345.— 
Bassler, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 738. 

Frimltla »qiialls Jones and Holl. 

Primitia eequalis Jones and Holl, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 5th ser., 17, 1886, p. 412, 

pi. 14, figs. 11a, lib.— Jones, ibid., 6th ser., 3, 1889, p. 379, pi. 17, fig. 2. 
Silurian: Ironbridge, etc., England; Cape Bon Ami, New Brunswick. 

pRnanA billingsi Jones. See Eurychilina biUingsi. 

Frtmltla arctlea Holtedahl. 

Primitia arctica Holtedahl, 2d Arct. Exp. " Fram," 1898-1902, No. 32, 1914, p. 39, 

pi. 8, fig. 16. 
Helderbeigian (Lower beds): Near Boigen, southwestern EUesmereland, Arctic 

America. 

PrlmitU eelata Ulrich. 

Primitia eelata Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 653, pL 43, figs. 67, 68. 
Black River (Decorah): Minneapolis, Minnesota. 
Eolotype.-^at, No. 41339, U.S.N.M. 

Primitia centralis Ulrich. 

Primitia centralis Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 13, 1890, p. 130, pi. 10, 

figs. 1, 2ar<c.— Jones, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 49, 1893, p. 291, pi. 12, 

figs. la-c. 
Trenton (Upper), Eden, and Maysville: Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 
Eolotype and paratype.—Csit, Nos. 41337, 41338, U.S.N.M. 

Frlmlda einclnnatiensis (Miller). 

Beyrichia cincinnatiensis Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 2, 1875, p. 350, 
fig. 25.— Walcott, Trans. Albany Inst., 10, J883, p. 23 (loc. occ). 

Primitia cincinnatiensis Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 561, fig. 1045.— Ukich 
Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 13, 1890, p. 132, pi. 10, figs. 6, 6. — Cumings, 
32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 1047, pi. 63, fig. 11- 
lid.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 345, fig. 16581, 1^— 
Bassler, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 738, fig. 1425b. 

Richmond (Amheim, Waynesville): Near Fort Ancient, etc., Ohio; Indiana. 

PUnotype8.--Ctii. No. 41346, U.S.N.M. 



1080 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PRnnTiA ooNCiNNA Jones and Holl. See Aparchites concinnm. 
PRnnTiA coNSTBiCTA Miller. See Plimitiella constricta. 
Prucitia cbistata? Whitfield. See Isochilina cristata. 

PrlmltU ctunberUndlca TJlrich and Baasler. 

Primitia? cumberlandica Ulrich and Bassler, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 

1913, p. 516, pi. 96, fig. 5. 
Helderbeigian (Eeyeer): Cumberland, Maryland; Keyser, West Viiginia. 
JJoiotyp^.— Cat. No. 63282, U.S.N.M. 

Frimltia dorstoomis (Ulrich). 

Leperditia (?Primitia) dorsicomis Ulrich, Amer. Geol., 10, 1892, p. 267, pi. 9, 

figs. 24-26. 
Leperditella? dorsicomia Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, pp. 636-639 

figs. 19, 20, 20a. 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Savannah, Illinois. 
Foto«ype.— Cat. No. 41315, U.S.N.M. 

FrimltU dapllcata Ulrich. 

Primitia duplicataUhich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 654, pi. 43, figs. 60, 61. 
Black River (Decorah): Minneapolis, Minnesota. 
Foto^pe.— Cat. No. 41348, U.S.N.M. 

Prdcitia fellm 0RXN8IS Miller. See Primitiella fillmorensis. 

Pbimtiia FHOBI8HERI Emorson. See EurychiHna trobiaheri. 

Primitia glbbera Ulrich. 

Primitia gibbera Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 666, pi. 43, figs. 67-60 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Near Spring Valley, Minnesota. 
flbto(yp«.— Cat. No. 41341, U.S.N.M. 

PBDfmA GLABBA Ulrich. See Lerperditella? glabra. 

Pbimtiia gbeoabia Whitfield. See Isochilina gregaria. 

PrlmltU Impressa Ulrich. 

Primitia impressa Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 13, 1890, p. 131, pi. 10, 

figs. 3fr-c, 4a-4c. — Cimiings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 

1908, p. 1048, pi. 53, figs. 7, 7d. 
Richmond: Savannah, Illinois (Maquoketa); (7)Indiana. 
CoQ^pct.— Cat. No. 41332, U.S.N.M. 

Primitia Jonesl (Ruedemann). 

Primitia mundula (in error for dnclnnatlensis) var. jonesl Ruedemann, Bull. New 

York State Mus., No. 49, 1901, p. 80, pi. 7, figs. 2-5. 
Mohawkian (Rysedorph): Rysedorph Hill, Rensselaer County, New York. 

Pbdotia latdcaboikata Raymond. 9ee EurychiUna latimaiginata. 

PrimlUa laUria Ulrich. 

Primitia lativia Ukich, Geol. Surv. Canada, Cont. Micro-Pal., pt. 2, 1889, p. 60, 

pi. 9, figs. 8, 8a.— Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 2, 1895, 

p. 126 (loc. occ). 
Richmond: Stony Mountain, Manitoba; Wyoming (Stony Mountain); Ohio and 

Indiana (Whitewater); Island of Anticosti (Charleton). 

Pbdotia lbpbbditioidbs Jones. See Primitia Ipgani leperditioides. 



BIBUOGRAPHIO UBT OF GBN^aik AND WBOIBSfc lOdl 

PROfmA LDfBATA Miller. See Ptimitiella limbata. 

FHmttIa loganl (Jones). 

Beyrichia Lpgani Jonee, Ann. Mag. Nat. HiBt., 3d ser., 1, 1858, p. 244, pi. 9, ^. 

6-10; Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 3, 1858, p. 91, pi. 11, figs. 2-4. 
Ftimitia Logani Jones and HoU, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 3d ser., 16, 1865, p. 417. — 

Jones, Qeol. Surv. Canada, Cont. Micro-Pal., pt. 3, 1891, pp. 63, 97, 99. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Grenville, Quebec, and Hawkesbury, Ontario. 

FrimltU loganl leperdltloldes (Jones). 

Beyrichia Logani yar. leperditioides Jones, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 3d ser., 1, 1858, 

p. 244, pi. 9, fig. 10; Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 3, 1858, pi. 11, ^. 5. 
Primitia leperditioides Jones, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 5th ser., 16, 1884, p. 345. 
Primitia Logani var. leperditioides Jones, Creol. Surv. Canada, Cont. Micro-Pal., 

pt. 3, 1891, pp. 97, 99. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Grenville, Quebec, and Hawkesbury, Ontario. 

Frimltia logani renlformis (Jones). 

Beyrichia logani var. reniformis Jones, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 3d ser., 1, 1858, p. 

244, pi. 9, ^. 6; Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 3, 1858, p. 91, pi. 11, fig. 1. 
Primitia Logani var. reniformis Jones, Geol. Surv. 'Canada, Cont. Micro-Pal., pt. 

3, 1891, pp. 97, 99. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Grenville, Quebec, and Hawkesbury, Ontario. 

Filmltta mammata Ulrich. 

Primitia mammata Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 652, pi. 43, figs. 

78-81. 
Black River (Decorah): Minneapolis, Minnesota. 
flbZotype.— Cat. No. 41349, U.S.N.M. 

Primlttaf medlalls Ulrich. 

Primitia medialis Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 13, 1890, p. 132, pL 

10, figs. 7a, 7b. 
Richmond (Waynesville?): Jefferson County, Kentucky. 
Holotype.—CAt. No. 41347, U.S.N.M. 

Mmltla mlcnla Ulrich. 

Primitia micula Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 653, pi. 43, figa. 69-72. 
Trenton (Prosser): Near Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 
Coiyjjet.— Cat. No. 41336, U.S.N.M. 

Primitia mllleri Ulrich. 

Prijnitia milleri Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 13, 1890, p. 133, pi. 12, 

figs. 2a-2c. 
Richmond (Waynesville): Clarksville and Blanchester, Ohio. 
Foiofype.— Cat. No. 41340, U.S.N 3£. 

Pbdotia lONUTA Joues (part). See Bythocypris cylindrica. 

Frimltia mlnntlsslma Ulrich. 

Primitia minutissima Ulrich, Creol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 651, {^45, fig. 81. 
Black River (Decorah): Fountain and Oxford Mills, Minnesota. 
ITofoQ^pe.— Cat. No. 41838, U.S.N .M. 

Pbdcitia mundula var. Jones. See Primitia logani. 

Frimltia mundula efhissa Jones. 

Primitia mundula var. effussa Jones, Creol. Surv. Canada, Cont. Micro-Pal., pt. 3, 

1891, p. 64, pi. 10, fig. 8. 
Black River or Trenton (Quebec City): Quabec, Ganada. 



1032 BULLETIN 92^ UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Prlmltla mundiila Inclsa Jonee. 

Primitia xnundula incisa Jonee, Geol. Surv. Canada, Cont. Micro-Pal., pt. 3, 1891, 

p. 64, pL 10, figs. 9a-c. 
Trenton: Lorette Falls, Quebec. 

pRnanA mundula var. jonesi Ruedemann. See Primitia joneei. 

Prlmltla rnnta Jonee and HoU. 

Cytheropfids concinna? Jones, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 3d ser., 1, 1858, p. 254, pi. 
9, ftg, 3. 

Primitia muta Jones and Holl, ibid, 3d ser., 16, 1865, p. 425. — ^Emerson (?) Narra- 
tive Hall's 2d Arctic Exped., U. S. Navy Dep., 1879, p. 580, fig. 7. 

Niagaran: Beechy Island, Lancaster Soimd, Arctic America. 

Prlmltla nlUda Ulrich. 

Primitia nitida Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 13, 1890, p. 135, pi. 8, 

fig. 7. 
Trenton (Perryville): Paris, Kentucky. 
Holotype.—C&L No. 41334, U.S.N.M. 

pRDOTiA NODOSA UMcb. Soo UMchia nodosa. 

Prdotia (Betbichia) parallbla Ulrich. See Beyrichia paiallela. 

Prlmltla permlnlma UMch. 

Primitia perminima Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 13, 1890, p. 131, 

pi. 7, fig. 7. 
Trenton (Upper): Covington, Kentucky. 
Holotype.^Cs^t. No. 41436, U.S.N.M. 

Prlmltla radls Ulrich. 

Primitia rudis Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 13, 1890, p. 136, pi. 10, 

figs. 8a-^c. 
Eden (Economy): Covington, Kentucky. 
Holotype.—C&t, No. 41345, U.S.N.M. 

PRDcmA RuoosA Jouos and Holl. See Cytherella? rugosa. 

Prlmltla mgullfera (Jones). 

Beyrichia rugulifera Jones, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 3d ser., 1, 1858, p. 242, pi. 0, 

fig. 4. 
Primitia rugulifera Jones and Holl, ibid., 3d ser, 16, 1865, p. 419. 
Niagaran: Beechy Island, Lancaster Sound, Arctic America. 

Prlmltla sanctlpaull Ulrich. 

Primitia sancti-pauli Ulrich, QeoL Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 652, pi. 43, figs. 

73, 74. 
Black Kiver (Decorah): St. Paul and near Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 
flbZotyptf.— Cat. No. 41343, U.S.N.M. 

Primitia? soulptilis Ulrich. See Salliella sculptilis. 

PRncmA SBELTi Whitfield. See Isochlllna seelyi. 

Prlmltla alglllata (Jonee). 

Beyrichia fligillata Jones, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 3d ser., 1, 1858, p. 242, pi. 9, fig. 5. 
Primitia sigillata Jones and Holl, ibid., 3d ser., 16, 1865, p. 418. 
Niagaran: Beechy Island, Lancaster Soimd, Arctic America. 

Pbdcxtia SIMULAN8 Miller. See Primitiella simulanfl. 



BIBUOGRAPHIO U8T OF QEKEBA. AND SPECIES. 1038 

Frtmltta tamldaia Ulrich. 

Primitia tumidula Ulrich, Geol. MinneBota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 655, pi. 43, figs. 

62-65.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 345, ^. 1658m, 

m', n. 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Near Spring Valley, Minnesota. 
Co«yp«.— Cat. No. 41342, U.S.N .M. 

PBonriA ULRicm Jones. See Primitiella uliichi. 

Pructeza UNI0OBNI8 Jones. See Primitiella unicornis. 

Prlmltla uphamt Ulrich. 

Primitia uphami Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 651, pi. 43, fig. 66. 
Trenton (Prosser): Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 
JJoto^pe.— Cat. No. 41344, U.S.N .M. 

pRooTiA wHirnELDi Jonos. See Primitiella whitfieldi. 

PRIMITIELLA Uhrich. Genotype: P. constricta Ulrich. 

Primitiella Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 647. — ^Bonnema, Mitt. Min. 

Geol. Inst. Groningen, 2, 1909, p. 33. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 

Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 344.— Baaeler, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, 

p. 737. 

Fitmltlella claypolel (Jones). 

Leperditia Claypolei Jones, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 46, 1890, p. 25, pi. 

3, figs. 17a, c. 
Eden (Fulton): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

Primitiella constricts Ulrich. 

Primitiella concrtricta Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 647, pi. 43, figs. 

48-52. 
Primitia constricta Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d. App., 1897, p. 789 (gen. ref.). 
Black River: Hig|i Bridge, Kentucky (Lowville); Minneapolis, Minnesota 

(Platteville). 
Cb^pet.— Cat. Nos. 41462, 41463, U.S.N.M. 

Frimldella fiUmorensis Ulrich. 

Primitiella fiUmcnensis Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 649, pl.45, 

figs. 28-30. 
Primitia fiUmorensis Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 789 (gen. ref.). 
Black River (Decorah): Foimtain, Minnesota. 
Holoiyp€.—09it, No. 41476, U.S.N.M. 

PrimltleUa limbata Ubich. 

Primitiella limbata Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 648, pi. 43, figs. 

53-56. 
Primitia limbata Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 789 (gen. ref.). 
Black River (Decorah): Minneapolis, Minnesota. 
Cb^pef.— Cat. No. 41350, U.S.N.M. 

Primitiella simulana Ulrich. 

Primitiella mmulans Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 648, pi. 43, figs. 

26-28. 
Primitia Bimulans Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 789 (gen. ref.). 
Black River (Decorah): Fountain, Minnesota. 
Cb^pM.— Cat. No. 41475, U.S.N.M. 



1094 BULLBTIN 92^ UNITBD 8TATSS NATIONAL MUSBUM. 

Frimlttella ulrlelil (Jones). 

Frimitia ulrichl Jonee, Quart. Jour. Geol. 8oc. London, 46, 1890, p. 6, pi. 4, figs. 

Urc; figs. 2, 3 var. 
Primitiella ulrichl Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 647. 
Trenton (OolUngwood): Gollingwood, Ontario. 

Frlmltlella unicornis (Ulrich). 

Leperditia unicornis Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati 8oc. Nat. Hist., 2, 1879, p. 10, pi. 7, 
figs. 4, 4b. 

Aparchites unicornis Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Canada, Cont. Ificro-Fal., pt. 2, 1889, 
p. 50, pi. 9, ftg, 11. 

Primitia unicornis Jones, Qu^rt. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 46, 1890, p. 7, pi. 4, 
figs. 8-13.— Chapman, Proc. Royal Soc. Victoria, n. s., 17, 1904, p. 306. 

Primitiella unicomia Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 647--649, pi. 43, 
figs. 75-77.— Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foss., 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 126 
(loc. occ). — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 344, Gg, 
1658J, k, 1/.— Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 162, 1912, p. 121, pi. 9, 
figs. 13, 14.— Baasler, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 738, fig. 1425a. 

Eden (Fulton): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity (identified probably erroneously 
from Stony Mountain, Manitoba, and £rom Victoria); Minnesota, New York, 
and Australia. 

Holotype.—€&t. No. 41467, U.S.NJtf. 

Primitiella whltlleldi (Jonee). 

Primitia whitfieldi Jones, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 46, 1890, p. 9, pi. 3, 

figs. 24a, 24b. 
Primitiella whitfieldi Ubich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 647. 
Eden (Fulton): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

PBIONIODUS Pander. Genotype: P. elegans Pander. 

Prioniodus Pander, Mon. d. foss. Fische Sil. Syst., 1856, p. 28.— Miller, N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 520.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 6, 1889, p, 
150.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 244. 

Prioniodus dychei James. 

Prioniodus dychei James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 7, 1884, p. 147, pi. 7, 

figs. A, B. 
Maysville (Corryville): Warren County, Ohio. 

Prioniodus elegans Pkmder. 

Prioniodus elegans Pander, Mon. loss. Fische Sil. Syst., 1856, p. 29, pi. 2, Ggfi. 

22, 23.— Hinde, Quart. Jour. Creol. Soc. London, 35, 1879, p. 358, pi. 15, Gg. 

10.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 244, ^. 1538d. 
Cindnnatian (Pulaski): Garrison Common, near Toronto, Ontario. 

Prioniodus ftircatus Hinde. 

Prioniodus furcatus Hinde, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 35, 1879, p. 358, pL 

15, ^. 13. 
Cindnnatian (Pulaski): Garrison Common, near Toronto, Ontario. 

Frionlodasf poUtos Hinde. 

Prioniodus? politus Hinde, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 35, 1879, p. 358, pL 15» 

figs. 11, 12. 
Cindnnatian (Pulaski) : Gazxison Common and Don Valley, near Toronto, Ontario. 



BIBUOGBAPBIC USX OF QENEEA AND SPECIES. 1035 

Frlonlodas rsdleans Hinde. 

Pkicmiodtifi ntdlcans Hinde, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 35, 1879, p. 356, pi. 

15, figs. 1-6.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index FobsILb, 2, 1910, p. 244, fig. 

1538»-c. 
Ghazyan: GrenviUe, Quebec. 

PmiOKOTUs coNYOLTUs Hlfluoger. See Monograptua convolutus. 

PEISOOCHTTON Dall. Genotype: Chiton canadenais Billings. 

Fiiscocliiton (Billings MS.) Dall, Proc. 17. S. Nat. Mus., 4, 1881, p. 281. 

Prtoeoehltoii canadensis (Billings). 

Chiton Canadensis Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Fossils, 1, p. 394, fig. 370arc. 
Metoptoma canadensis Miller, N. A. Creol. Pal., p. 410, fiig. 685. 
Priscochiton canadensis Ball, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 4, 1881, p. 281. 
Black Riyer (Leray): Pauquette Bapids, Ottawa River, Canada. 

PEISMATOPHTLLUM Simpson. 

Genotype< Cyathophyllum rugosum Edwards and Haime. 
Prismatophyllum Simpson, Bull. New York State Mus., 398, 1900, p. 218. 

PrisniAtopliyllam ln»qaale (Hall).* 

Columnaria Insqualis Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 323, pi. 72, figs. 3a, b, 4a-c. 
Acervularia? inequalis Hall and Whitfield, 23d Bep. New York State Mus. Nat. 

Hist., 1873, p. 233.— Schuchert, Amer. Geol., 31, 1903, p. 163. 
Prismatophyllum inequalis Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 219, 

pi. 17, figs. 12-13. 
Cyathophyllum inequale Swartz, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, p. 205, 

pi. 20, figs. 1-4. 
Acervularia communis Simpson, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc., n. s., 16, 1889, p. 459, 

figs. 
Cayugan (Cobleskill): Schoharie, etc.. New Yx)rk. 
Helderbergian : New Jersey (Decker Ferry) ; Pennsylvania and Maryland (Keyser). 

PB0B08CINA Audouin. Crenotype: P. boryi Audouin. 

Proboedna Audouin, Savigny's Descr. del Egypte, Pol., 1826, p. 236. — D*Orbigny, 
PiJ. Francab, Terr. Cret., 6, 1854, p. 844.— Haime, Bry. Fobs. Form. Juras., 
1854, p. 166 (extra edition, p. 10).— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1880, p. 598.— 
Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, p. 149; (xeol. Surv. Illinois, 
8, 1890, p. 368; Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 119.— Simpson, 14th Ann. Rep. 
State (jeol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 596.— Nickles and Bassler, Bull. U. S. 
Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 20. — Cumings, Amer. Jour. Sd., 4th ser., 17, 1904, 
p. 75, ^, 82. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 118. — 
Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 753. — ^Bassler, 
Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 319. 

Ffoboselna auloporoldes (Nicholson). 

Alecto aidoporoldes Nicholson, Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 267, pi. 25, figs. 2-2b. 
Stcunatopora auloporoidee Miller, N. A. Geol. Pid., 1889, p. 325.— Lesley, Geol. 

Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1890, p. 1102, figs. 
Pkoboecina auloporoides Ulrich, Contr. Micro-Pal. Cambro-Sil., pt. 2, 1889, p. 

28.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., 3, 1895, p. 115.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. 

Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 872, pi. 32, figs. 4, 4a, 5. 
Haysville and Richmond: Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity; Stony Mountain, 

Manitoba. 

84248'— Bull. 92— vol 2—15 ^21 



1086 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL ICUSEUM. 

Prot>08eina conftisa (Nicholson). 

Alecto confosa Nicholson, Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 267, pi. 25, fig. 6. 

Stomatqpora confosa Miller, N. A. Qeol. Pal., 1889, p. 325.— Lesley, G^eol. Surv. 

Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1890, p. 1104, fig. 
Proboecina confosa Nickles and Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 

375. 
Eden (Economy— McMicken): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

Proboselna ftondosa (Nicholson). 

Aulopora frondosa James, Additions to Oatal. Sil. Foss. Cincinnati Group, 1873, 
p. 15. (Not defined.) 

Alecto frondosa Nicholson, Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 266, pi. 25, figs. 3-3b. 

Probosdna frondosa XJlrich, Contr. Micro-Pal. Cambro-Sil., pt. 2, 1889, p. 28; 
Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 119, pi. 1, fig. 28.— Whiteaves, Pal. Fosb., 3, 1895, 
p. 115.— Simpson, 14th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897f fig. 
201 (part) (p. 596).— Bassler, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 30, 1906, p. 60— 
Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 118, fig. 178c. — Cwmingw, 
32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 873, pi. 32, figs. 3, 3b — 
Bassler, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 319, fig. 439c. 

Stomatqpora frondosa Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 325. 

Stomatopora (Probosdna) frondosa XJlrich, Zittel's Textb. Pal. (Engl, ed.), fig. 
412c, p. 261. 

Stromatopora (Alecto) frondosa Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 
1890, p. 1105, figs. 

Maysville and Richmond: Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity; Indiana; Kentucky; 
Tennessee; Manitoba; etc. 

Plenotype.—C&t. No. 43264, U.S.N 3£. (Uhrich). 

Proboscina MINNB80TEN8I8 SardoBon. See Berenicea minnesotensis. 

Proboselna tnmalosa XJlrich. 

Proboscina tumulosa Uliich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 1893, p. 119, pi. 1, fig. 24.— 
Simpson, i4th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, fig. 201 (in part) 
(p. 596).— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 119, fijg;. 178d. 

Black River (Decorah): St. Paul and Cannon Falls, Minnesota. 

Holotype,—Csit, No. 43265, U.S.N .M. 

Proouvoobinus Ringueberg. See Eucheirocrinus Meek and Worthen. 

Producta incubvata Shepard. See Strophomena incurvata. 

Pboduotslla lONNEAPOLis Sardosou. See Trematis huronensiB. 

Pboduotus? sulcatus Castelnau. See Leptsena rhomboidalis. 

Produotus suloifbr Vemeuil. See Leptsena rhomboidalis. 

PROETUS Steininger. Genotype: P. cuvieri Steininger. 

Proetus Steininger, Mem. Soc. Geol. France, 1, 1831, p. 355.— Portlock, Rep. 
Geol. Londonderry, 1843, p. 304.— Loven, Ofvers. K. Vet.-Akad. Fc^handl., 2, 
1845, p. 48.— Burmeister, Org. Tril., London, 1846, p. 99.— Beyiidi, Unter- 
Buchung uber Tril., 1846, p. 27.— Hawle and Corda, Abh. d. k. bohmischen 
Gesell. d. Wlss., 5 (extract), 1847, p. 72, pi. 5, ^g, 43.— Renault, Bull. Soc. 
Geol. France, 2d ser., 1847, p. 318.— Salter, Mem. Geol. Surv. Great Britain, 
2, pt. 1, 1848, p. 337.— McCoy, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 2d ser., 4, 1849, p. 400.— 
Barrande, Neues Jahrb. Min., etc., 1850, p. 780; Syst. Sil. du Centre B<^6me, 
1, 1852, p. 429.— Angelin, Pal. Scandinavica, 3d ed., Hokniae, 1852, p. 20.— 
HaU, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 315.— Pictet, Traits de Pal., 2d ed., 2, 1854, 



BIBLIOOBAPHIO LIST OF GENERA. AND SPECIES. 1037 

PftOBTUS — Continaed. 

p. 494.— Niesskowaki, Archiv fur Naturk. Liv-, Ehst- und Eurl., 1, 1857, p. 
5$5.— Hall, 15th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1861, p. 97.— Baiter, 
Oat. Gamb. and Sil. Fofls., 1873, p. 133.— Alth, Abhandl. der E.-E. Geol. 
Reichaanstalt, 7, Heft 1, 1874, p. 59.— Miller, Oincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 
1S74, p. 144.— Nicholson and Etheridge, Mon. Sil. Fobs. Girvan Diet., 1880, 
p. 169.— Woodward, Geol. Mag., dec. 2, 10, 1883, p. 445; Mon. Beit. Garb. 
Tril., Pal. Soc., 1884, p. 55.— (Ehlert, Bull. Soc. d'Etudea Sci. d'Angers, 1885, 
pp. 4, 8.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1885, p. 625.— (Ehlert, Bull. Soc. d'Etudee 
Sci. d'Angera, 15, for 1885, 1886, p. 128.— Herrick, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison 
Univ., 2, pt. 1, 1887, p. 53; ibid., 4, 1888, pp. 50, 51, 55.— Clarke, Jour. Moiph. 
2, 1888, p. 254.— V<^ee, Ann. New York Acad. Sci., 4, 1888, pp. 70, 74, pi. 
2, fiigs. 1, 2; Gal. Acad. Sci. Dec. Papers, 4, 1893, p. 338 (see for generic syn< 
onymy).— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 7, 1888, p. xli, fig. p. 43.— Whid- 
bome, Mon. Dev. Fauna South England, 1, Pal. Soc., 1889, p. 20.— Miller, 
N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 561.— Schmidt, Mem. TAcad. Imp. Sci. St. Peters- 
burg, 7th ser., 42, 1894, p. 38.— Beecher, Amer. Geol., 16, 1895, p. 180.— <Ehlert, 
Bull. Soc. Geol. France, 3d ser., 24, 1896, p. Ill, figs. 27, 28.— Eoken, Die 
Leitfosailien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 24, fig. 15, figs. 2-4; p. 422.— Beecher, Ajner. 
Jour. Sci., 4th ser., 3, 1897, p. 104, pi. 3, fig. 20.— Reed, Geol. Mag., dec. 4, 
6, 1898, p. 453.— Grabau, Bull. Buffafo Soc. Nat. Sci., 6, 1899, p. 315.— 
Beecher, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 631.— Lindstrom, Eongl. 
Sven. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 34, No. 8, 1901, p. 26.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. 
Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 1052.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. 
Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 299.— Raymond, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, 
p. 721. 

Froetns alarlens Billings. 

Proetus alaricus Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 68, fig. 12; Geol. Canada, 
Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 219, fig. 231; Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. 
Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 28 (loc. ref.). — ^Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, 
Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 767, fig.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 562, fig. 1046. 

Richmond (Charleton): Charleton Point, Anticosti. 

Froetus breTtmari^atus Weller. 

Proetus brevimaiginatus Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 197, 

pi. 15, figs. 1-7. 
Trenton: Jacksonburg, New Jersey. 

Froetus ehannahonensls Weller. 

Proetus channahonensis Weller, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci., Nat. HM. Surv., 4, 

pt. 2, 1907, p. 228, pi. 20, figs. 6, 7.— Savage, Bull. Geol. Surv. Illinois, 23, 

1913, p. 120, pi. 7, fig. 25. 
Upper Medinan (Channahon): Near Channahon, Will County, Illinois. 

Froetus elelandi Raymond. 

Proetus elelandi Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 3, 1905, p. 354, pi. 13, figs. 13 

14; 7th Rep. Vermont State Geol., 1910, p. 231, pi. 35, figs. 13, 14. 
Chazyan (Crown Point?): Chazy, New York. 

Froetns cormgatns Van Ingen. 

Proetus corrugatus Van Ingen, School of Mines Quart., 23, 1901, p. 54, figs. 16-17, 

pi. figs. 12-15. 
Niflgaran (St. Clair): St. Clair Spring, Independence County, Arkansas. 



10S8 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Proetus coryooDns (Conrad). 

Asftphua corycoeus Conrad, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sd. Philadelphia, lot aer., 8, pt. 2, 

1842, p. 277, pi. 16, fig. 15.— Hall, Qeol. New York, pt. 4, 1843, tab. ocg. 

rem., 19, ^. 3. 
ProetuB corycoeus Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 315, pL 67, fig. 15.— Lealey» 

Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 767, text figs. 
Clinton (Rochester): Lockport, New York. 

Proetus erasslmarginatns (£[all). 

Calymene crassimaiginatus Hall, Geol. New York, Geol. 4th Dist., 1843, p. 172» 

fig. 5. 
Proetus crassimaiginatus Hall, 15th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist, 1862 

(adv. sheets 1861, p. 72), p. 100, pi. 10, fig. 10.— Nicholson, Rep. PaL Prov. 

Ontario, pt. 1, 1874, pp. 123, 124, fig. 66b.— Hall, Illust. Dev. Fossils, Geol. 

Surv. New York, Pal., Crust., 1877, pi. 20, figs. 20-81.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. 

Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 768, figs.— Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 

7, 1888, p. 99, pis. 20, 22, 25.— Whiteavee, Cent. Can. Pal., Geol. Sunr. 

Canada, 1, pt. 5, 1898, p. 410. — ^Kindle, 25th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. 

Nat. Res., 1901, p. 750, pi. 30, figs. 1, la, 2, iT, 6.— Grabau, Michigtui Geol. 

Surv., Geol., 1st ser., 1909, p. 207, pi. 20, figs. 16-18. 
Devonian (Onondaga): New York, etc. 
Upper Monioan (Amherstburg): Detroit River, opposite Amherstbuig, Ontario. 

Proetus depressus Weller. 

Proetus? depreesus Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 249, pi. 22, 

fig. 27. 
Helderbeigian (Decker Ferry): Two miles south of Tristates, New Yoric. 

Proetus determlnatus Foerste. 

Bathyurus Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 1, 1885, p. 103, pi. 14, 

fig. 5. 
Proetus determinatus Foerste, ibid., 2, pt. 1, 1887, p. 91, pL 8, figs. 2, 8, 8a; Geol. 

Surv. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 523, pi. 26, fig. 5; pi. 27, figs. 2, 3, 3a.— Savage, Bull. 

Geol. Surv. Illinois, 23, 1913, p. 104, pi. 6, figs. 10, 11. 

Upper Medinan: Dayton, Ohio (Brassfield); near Thebes, Illinois, Edgewood 

and Louisiana, Missouri (Edgewood). 

Proetus! handwerki Weller. 

Proetus? handwerki Weller, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci., Nat. Hist. Surv., 4, pt. 2; 

1907, p. 229, pi. 20, figs. 8, 9. 
Niagaran (Racine): Near Lemont, Illinois. 

Proetus latimarginatus Weller. 

Proetus latimaiginatus Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 195, pi. 14, 

figs. 17-24, (?25). 
Trenton: Jacksonburg, New Jersey. 

Proetus leptorhachls Holtedahl. 

Proetus leptorhachis Holtedahl, Second Arctic Exp. **Fam*\ 1888-1902, No. 32. 

1914, p. 33, pi. 8, fig. 14. 
Helderbeigian (Lower beds): Southwestern EUesmereland, Arctic America. 

Proetus pachydermatus Barrett. 

Proetus pachydermatus Barrett, Amer. Jour. Sci., 3d ser., 15, 1878, p. 371.— 

WeUer, Pal. New Jersey, 3, 1903, p. 248, pi. 22, figs. 16-21.— Grabau and 

Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 299.— Maynard, Maryland Geol. Surv., 

Low. Dev., 1913, p. 489, pi. 89, fig. 1. 
Helderbeigian: Nearpass Quarry, New Jersey (two miles south of Tristates, New 

York) (Decker Ferry); Cumberland, Maryland (Keyaer). 



BIBLIOOBAPHIO LIST OF GEKEBA AKD SPECIES. 1089 

Froetns pmrrliiseiiliis Hall. 

Proetufl parviusculus Hall, 13th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., I860, p. 
120; 24th Rep. New York State Oab. Nat. Hist., 1872, p. 223, pi. 8, ^, 14.— 
ICnier, OinciniiAti Quart. Jour. Sd., 1, 1874, p. 144.— Hall and Whitfield, 
Ged. Surv. Ohio Pal., 2, 1875, p. 109, pi. 4, ^. 18.--L€8ley, Geol. Surv. 
PezmBylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 770, fig.— Olarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 
1894, p. 754.— Beecher, Amer. Geol., 16, 1895, p. 173, pi. 9, figs. 5-7. 

Maysville (Gorryville): Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Froetns prlnceps Savage. 

Proetus prlnceps Savage, Bull. Geol. Surv., Illinois, 28, 1913, p. 57, pi. 2, ^, 14. 
Upper Medinan (Girardeau): Near Thebes, Illinois. 

Froetns sptnosos Weller. 

Proetus spinosa Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey Pal., 3, 1903, p. 250, pi. 22, Bg, 26. 
Helderbergian (Decker Ferry): Nearpass Quarry, New Jersey (two miles south of 
Tristates, New York). 

Froetns spnriocki Meek. 

Proetus Spurlocki Meek, Amer. Jour. Sd., 3d ser., 8, 1872, p. 426; Geol. Surv. 
Ohio, Pal., 1, 1873, p. 161, pi. 14, fig. 12.— MiUer, Cincinnati Quart Jour. 
Sd., 1, p. 145. — ^Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 772, 
fig.— Gumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 1062, 
pi. 54, ^. 13. 

Proetus spurlocki (Isotelus maximus?) Raymond, Biill. Mus. Gomp. Zool. Har- 
vard, 58, 1914, pi. 1, ^. 3. 

Eden (Soutl^te): Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Observation. — ^Probably the young of Isotelus maximus. 

Froetns stokesl (Murchison?) Hall. 

Asaphus stokesii Murchison, Sil. Syst, 1839, p. 625, pi. 14, fig. 6. 
Ph)etu8 stokesii Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 316, pi. 67, figs. 1^-14. 
Phacops stokesii Dawson, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 298. 
Silurian: England; Lod^port, New York (Rodiester). 

Proetus stonemanii (Vogdes). 

Asaphus extans Windidl, 6Ui Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Bfinnesota, 1878, 

p. 161. 
Bathyurus Stonemanii Vogdes, 12th Ann. Rep. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Ifinnesota, 

1884, p. 9. 
Proetus stonemani Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 789 (gen. ref.).— 

Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 8, pt. 2, 1894, p. 724. 
Devonian (drift): Minneapolis, Minnesota (erroneously dted as Trenton). 

Froetns subaniiiilatus Van Ingen. 

Proetus subannulatus Van Ingen, Sdiool of Mines Quart., 23, 1901, p. 57, fig. 18, 

p. 54, pi. figs. 16, 17. 
Niagaran (St. Clair): St. Clab Spring, Independence County, Arkansas. 

Froetns undnlostrlatiis (Hall). 

Olenus undulostriatus Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 258, pi. 67, figs. 3a, b. 

Elliptocephala undulostriata Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 546. 

Bathyurus sp. Whitfield and Hovey, Biill. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., pt. 1, 11, 1898, 

pp. 70, 71. 
Oyi^UHpis hudsonica Ruedema&n, Bull. New York State Mus., 49, 1901, p. 64, 

pi. 4, figs. 8, 9. 



1040 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Froetns undulostriatiuh- <k>ntinaed. 

Proetus undulostriata Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 42, 1901, p. 536; 

ibid., 162, 1912, p. 117, pi. 9, figs. 2, 3. 
Trenton (Snake Hill): Snake Hill, Saratoga County, and Green Island, near 

Albany, New York. 

FBOLOBELLA Ulrich. Genotype: P. striatula Ulrich. 

Prolobella, Ulrich Geol. Minnesota, 8, pt 2, 1894, p. 532. 

FrolobeUa aTleuloides (Hall). 

Modiolopsis aviculoides Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, pp. 161, 317, pi. 36^ figB. 

la, b.~Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 49, 1901, p. 28. 
Trenton: Middleville, New York. 

FrolobeUaf hermlone (Billings). 

Avicula Hermione BiUings, Pal. Fobs., 1, Gred. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 40, fig. 42, 
(adv. sheets, 1862); Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 170, fig. 156. 
Trenton: Montreal, Quebec. 
Plastotype.—CBi. No. 46094, U.S.N Jf . 

Prolobella striatula Ulrich. 

Prolobella striatula Ulrich, (jeol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 532, pi. 85, fig. 27. 
Pterinea striatula Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 784 (gen. reL). 
Trenton (Prosser): Pleasant Grove, Minnesota. 
Holotype.—Cat. No. 46280, U.S.N.M. 

Prolobella sabelliptiea (D'Crbigny). 

Avicula eUiptica Hall (not Phillips, 1836), Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 162, pi. 36, 
fig. 3.— Billings, Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 170, fig. 155.— 
Lesley, Geol. Siurv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 68, fig. 

Pterinea eUiptica Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 506 (gen. ref.). 

Avicula subelliptica D'Orbigny, Prodr. Pal., 1, 1850, p. 13.— Emmons, Amer. 
Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 175, pi. 13, fig. 27. 

Trenton: Middleville, New York.* 

ProlobeUa subspatulata (Hall). 

Modiolopsis subspatulatus Hkll, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 159, pi. 35, figs. 9a, b, 
Lyonsia subspatulatus Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 171. 
Palsearca subspatulata Hall, 12th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat Hist, 1859. 

p. 71 (gen. ref.). 
Cypricardites subspatulata Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 477. 
Teuton: Watertown, New York. 

ProlobeUa trentonensls (Conrad). 

Avicula Trentonensis Conrad, Jour. Acad. Nat. ScL Philadelphia, 8, 1842, p. 240, 

pi. 12, fig. 10.— Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 161. pi. 36, figs. 2a-d.— 

Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 176, jjj^, 13, figs. 28-^.— Lesley, 

Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 70, fig. 
Pterinea trentonensb Miller, N. A. (jeol. Pal., 1889, p. 506 (gen. ref.). 
Prolobella trentonensis Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 532 (gen. ref.). — 

Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 162, 1912, p. 97, pi. 5, fig. 4. 
Avicula aviformis Conrad, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 8, 1842, p. 243, 

pi. 13, fig. 11. 
Trenton: Middleville, Watertown, Canajoharie, etc.. New York. 

PBOLUCINA Ball. Genotype: Tellina prisca Hiainger. 

Proludna Ball (subgenus of Ludna), Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1900, p. 408. 



BIBUOOBAPHIC UST OF GEKEBA AND BPECIES. 1041 

Fralaelna ^mltensts (Whiteaves). 

Qionui galteiuis Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 1, 1884, p. 15, 

pi. 3, figs, la-b.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 483, fig. 833.— Whiteaves, 

Pal. Foes., Geol. Surv. Canada, 8, pt. 2, 1895, p. 68, pi. 15, fig. 3.— Grabau and 

Rhimer, N. A. Index Foedls, 1, 1909, p. 879, fig. 483. 
Proliicina GaltenfiiB Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foes., 8, pt. 4, 1906, 

p. 330 (gen. ref.). 
Niagaran (Gueli^): Gait and Durliam, Ontario. 
Cayugan (Cobleeldll): CobleekiU, New York. 

FEOMOPAUSASTSB Schuchert. Genotype: Palftaater granulomiB Meek. 

Palaeaster (part) of authors. 

Promopalseaster Schuchert, in Freeh, Foss. Cat, 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, p. 33; Bull. 
U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 102. 

Fromopftl»«8ter beilulna Schndiert. 

PrcunopalseastCT bellulus Schudiert, in Freeh, Foss. 'Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, 

p. 33; Bull. XT. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 113, pi. 15, fi^. 6-8; pi. 16, fig. 1; 

pi. 18, figs. 4, 5. 
Bichmond (Waynesville): Near Waynesville, Ohio. 

Fromopmtoaster dyerl (Meek). 

Pakeaater? Dyeri Meek, Amer. Jour. Sci., 3d ser., 3, 1872, p. 257; Geol. Surv. 

Ohio, Pal., 1, 1873, p. 58, pi. 4, figs. 2ar-L — ^Lesley, Creol. Surv. Pennsylvania, 

Bep. P 4, 1889, p. 576, figs.-nJames, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 18, 1895, 

p. 128. 
Ptomopateaster dyeri Schuchert, in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, p. 33; 

Bull. XT. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 120, pi. 18, f^. 8; pi. 20, figs. 3-6; pi. 

25, fig. 1.— WUliams, Ohio Naturalist, 14, 1914, pp. 221-224, figs. 1, 2. 
Mayeville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Fromopabsaater exeulptus (Miller). 

Palseaster exculptus Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist, 4, 1881, p. 69, pi. 1, 

fig. 1.— James, ibid., 18, 1895, p. 129. 
Promopalseaster exculptus Schuchert, in Freeh, Foss. Cat, 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, 

p. 33; Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 117, pi. 18, ^, 7; pi. 20, ^g. 2. 
Richmond (Waynesville or Liberty): Waynesville, Ohio. 
Observation. — Compare with Promopalsaster spinulosus. 

YromopabBaater granulosiia (Hall). 

Palsaster granulosa Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Hist, 1868, p. 285; 

rev. ed., 1870, p. 327.— James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 18, 1895, 

p. 128. 
Promopalseaster granulosus Schuchert, in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, 

p. 33; Bull. U. S. Nat Mus., 88, 1915, p. 112. 
Richmond: Near Lebanon, Ohio. 

FromopaUsaater magiilllcii9 (Miller). 

Palieaster magnificus MiUer, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 8, 1884, p. 16, pi. 4, 

figs. 3, 3a.— James, ibid., 18, 1895, p. 127. 
Promopalsaster magnificus Schuchert, in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, 

p. 33; Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 122, pi. 21, fig. 1; pi. 22, 5g. 1; pi. 

23, figs. 1-3. 
Richmond (Waynesville or Liberty): Waynesville, Ohio. 
JETo^^pf.— Cat No. 40883, U.S.N.M. 



1042 BULLETIN 92, UIOTBD STATES NATIONAL HXJ8EXJM. 

Promopal»Mter prenuntlas Schudiert. 

Promopalseaster prenuntius Schuchert, in Freeh, F088. Cat., 1, Anim., pt 3, 1914, 

p. 34 (nom. nud.); Bull. XT. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 107, pi. 13, fig. 3; pL 

15, fig. 5. 
Trenton (Hermitage): Frankfort, Kentucky. 

PromopalsBMter speciosus (Meek). 

Asterias antiquata Locke, Proc. Acai. Nat Sd. Philadelphia, 3, 1848, p. 32, Bg, 
Pa]£eafiterina antiquata Shumard, Trans. Acad. Sd. St Louii, 2, 1866, p. 382 

(gen. ref.). 
Palseaster antiquata Hall, 20th Eep. New York State Cab. Hist., 1868, p. 286; 

rev. ed., 1870, p. 328.— James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 18, 1895, 

p. 130. 
Pakeaster spedosus Meek, Amer. Jour. Sd., 3d ser., 4, 1872, p. 277; Geol. Surv. 

Ohio, Pal., 1, 1873, p. 61.— James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat Hist., 18, 1895, 

p. 131. 
PalfiBaster granulosa Meek (not Hall, 1868), Amer. Jour. Sd., 3d ser., 4, 1872, 

p. 276; Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 1, 1873, p. 60, pi. 4, figs. 3a-c.— Lesley, €reoL 

Surv. Pennsylvania, Bep. P 4, 1889, p. 576, figs. 
Promopalseaster spedosus Schuchert in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., pt 3, 1914, 

p. 34, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 109, pi. 14, figs. 3, 4; pi. 15, figs. 1-4. 
Maysville: Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Observation. — Although antedating P. spedosa, Asterias antiquata was so 
poorly figured that it could not be recognized. 

Promopal»aster sptnulosus (Miller and Dyer). 

Pakeaster spinulosus Miller and Dyer, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1S78, 

p. 32, pi. 2, figs. 12, 12a, b.— James, ibid., 18, 1895, p. 129. 
PromopalB^ister spinulosus Schuchert in Freeh, Foss. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, 

p. 34; Bull. U. S. Nat Mus., 88, 1915, p. 115, pi. 16, fig. 2; pi. 17, figs. 1, 2; 

pi. 18, figs. 1-3. 
Pakeaster longibrachiatus Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1878, p. 102, 

pi. 3, ^, 4.— James, ibid., 18, 1895, p. 132. 
Richmond (Wa3mesville): Clarksville, Ohio. 
Pleaiotype.—CtA., No. 40881, U.S.N.M. (holotype of P. longibrachiatus). 

Fromopal»asterf wflsoni (Raymond). 

Pakeaster? wilsoni Raymond, Ottawa Nat, 26, 1912, p. 78, pi. 6, figs. 1--4. 
Promopalaeaster wilsoni Schuchert in Freeh, Foes. Cat., 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914, 

p. 34; Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 106, pi. 13, figs. 1, 2. 
Black River (Lowville): City View, near Ottawa, Ontario. 

Promopalffiaster wykoffl (Miller and Giurley). 

Pakeaster wykoffi Miller and Gurley, BuU. Illinois State Mus. Nat. Hist, 12, 

1897, p. 46, pi. 3, fig. 27. 
Promopalseaster wykoffi Schuchert in Freeh-, Foes. Cat, 1, Anim., pt. 3, 1914* 

p. 34; Bull. U. S. Nat Mus., 88, 1915, p. 117, pi. 18, fig. 6; pi. 19, 5g. 2. 
Richmond: Near Madison, Indiana. 

Pbopora of authors. See Lyellia Edwards and Haame. 

PBOSCOBPIUS Whitfield. Genotype: P. osbomi Whitfield. 

Proecorpius Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mua. Nat Hist., 1, 1885, p. 183.~MiUer, 
N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 67L 



BIBIJ06BAPHI0 UST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 1043 

Proseorplus osboml (Whitfield). 

Pftbeophoniui odxxmi WhitfieM, Science, 6, 1885, pp. 87, 88, ^, 
PkO8corpiu0 osbomi Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. HiBt., 1, 1885, p. 187, pi. 
20.~Scadder, Zittel's Handb. Pal., 1 abth., 2, 1885, p. 739, fig. 915a.— 
Th<»rell, Amer. Nat., 20, 1886, p. 269.— Whitfield, Science, 7, 1886, p. 216.— 
Scadder, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 31, 1886, p. 28.— Ledey, Qeol. Surv. Penn- 
B3rlvaDia, Bep. P 4, 1889, p. 973, fig.— Laurie, Royal Soc. Edinburgh Trans., 
39» 1899, p. 557, pi. 3.— Pocock, Quart. Jour. Micr. Sd., 2d ser., 1901, pp. 44, 
309.— Fritsch, Pal. /rachniden, 1904, pp. 65, 78, fig. 81; Miscel. P^., 1, 
Pkdbeosoica, 1907, p. 6, pi. 3.— Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State 
Mu0., 14, 1912, p. 387, pi. 88, figs. 81-83. 
Gayugan (Bertie): Watendlle, Oneida Coimty, New Yoric. 

Pbosskbbixa Grabau. See Beticularia subgenus Proeserella. 

PBOTAlLfiA Edwards and Haime. Genotype: Pontes vetustus Hall. 

Protarsea .Edwards and Haime, Mon. d. Polyp. Fobs. d. Terr. Pal. (Arch, du 
Mus. d'Hist Nat., 5), 1851, pp. 146, 208; Ann. Sd. Nat, 3d ser., Zool., 16, 
1851, p. 46.— Pictet, Traite de Pal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 434.— Milne-Edwards, 
Hist Nat d. Corall., 3, 1860, p. 184.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 239.— 
Boemer, Leth. geo^., pt 1, Leth. Pal., 1883, p. 455.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 
1889, p. 201.— James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist^, 15, pt. 4, 1893, p. 149.— 
Sardeeon, Neues Jaihb. Min., Geol., Pftl., Beilage-Band, 10, 1896, p. 300.— 
EiSr, Palseontographica, 46, 1899, p. 9, footnote, pp. 10, 13. — ^LindstrGm, 
Eongl. Sven. Vet-Akad. Handl., 32, 1899, pp. 37, 109.— Lambe, Cent Can. 
Pbl., Geol. Sunr. Canada, 4, pt 1, 1899, p. 89.— Kifir, Vid.-Selsk. 'Skiifter, 
Math.-naturw. Kl., No. 10, 1903, pp. 29, 50.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Bep. Dep. 
Geol. Nat Bes. Indiana, 1908, p. 700; Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 
1913, p. 112. 

Pboiaxaa. magna Kifir. See Protarsea vetusta magna. 

?rot&T»a riehmondensls Foente. 

Piotaraea vetusta Edwards and Haime, Mon. d. Polyp. Foss. d. Terr. Pal. (Arch, 
du Mus. d'Hist Nat, 5), 1851, p. 208, pi. 14, figs. 6, 6a.— Milne-Edwards, Hist 
Nat d. Corall., 3, 1860, p. 185.— Nicholson, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 2, 1875, 
p. 221.— White, Uth Ann. Bep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 49 
fig. 4, p. 378.-r-Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 201, fig.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. 
Pennsylvania, Bep. P 4, 1889, p. 774, fig.— James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat 
Hist, 15, pt 4, 1893, p. 149.— Winchell and Schuchert, Geol. Minnesota, 3, 
pt 1, 1895, p. 94, jl. G, figs. 24, 25.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., GeoL Surv. 
(^mada» 3, pt 2, 1895, p. 114 (loc. occ.); ibid., pt 3, 1897, p. 155 (loc. occ.).— 
KiSr, P&Isdontographica, 46, 1899, p. 10, pi. 2, fig. 7.— Lindstrom, Kongl. 
Sven. Vet-Akad. Handl., 32, 1899, p. Ill, pi. 12, figs. 19-24. 

Thecia vetosta Davis, Kentucky Foss. Corals, Geol. Surv. Kentucky, pt 2, 1885, 
pi. 34, figs. 8-10. 

Protareaiichmondenfias Foetste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 210, 
pL 4, figs. 9a-b; p. 308, pi. 7, fig. 8. 

Bichmond: Dayton, etc., Ohio; Indiana; Kentucky; Tennessee; Illinois; Min- 
nesota; etc. 

PMotypes.—CAt No. 52688, U.S.N Jf . (Davis). 
Observation.— Compare Protarsea tenuis (Billings). 

fkotensa richmondensls papfllata Foerste. 

Protarea richmondensis-papillata Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 

1909, p. 309, pi. 10, fig. 2. 
Bichmond (Whitewater): Dayton, Ohio. 






1044 BULLETIN 92^ UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Protaroa tenuis (Billings). 

Heliolites tenuia BillingB, Canadian Nat. Geol.| n. b., 2, 1865, p. 428; Oat SiL 
Foes. Anticosd, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 32. — ^Nicholaon and Etheiidge, 
Mon. Sil. Foes. Girvan Diatrict, 1880, p. 247.— Boemer, Leth. Geog., pt. 1, 
Leth. Pal., 1883, p. 508. 
Gamachian (Ellis Bay): Gamache Bay, Anticosti. 
Observation. — Compare Protarea ridunondeDsis Foente. 

Frotarsea vemeuili Edwards and Haime. Not recognizable. 

Ftotarsea vemeuili Edwards and Haime, Mon. d. Po}yp. Foss. d. Terr. Pal. (Arch 
du Mu0. d'hist. Nat., 5), 1851, p. 209; Ann. Sci. Nat., 3d ser., ZooL, 16, 1851, 
p. 47.-^Milne-Edwards, Hist. Nat. d. Corall., 3, 1860, p. 185. — ^Duncan, Hep. 
41st Meeting British Assoc. Adv. Sd., 1872, p. 123.-— Boemer, Leth. gepg.y pt. 
1, Leth. Pal., 1883, p. 455.— James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist, 15, pt 4, 
1893, p. 150.— lindstrom, Kongl. Sven. Vet-Acad. Handl., 82, No. 1, 1899, 
p. 110.— Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 309 (see for 
remarks). 

Lower Silurian: Alexanderville, Ohio. 

PnoTABiBA VETUSTA of authors. See Protarsea richmondensis. 

• 

ProtanDa yetusta (Hall). 

Porites? vetusta Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 71, pi. 25, figs. 5a, b. 

Astrseopora vetusta D'Orbigny, Prodr. de Pal., 1, 1850, p. 25 (gen. ref.). 

Heliolites vetusta HaU, 12tii Rep. New York State Cab. Nat Hist, 1859, p. 74 
(gen. ref.). 

Protareea vetusta, Edwards and Haime, Ann. Sd. Nat., 3d ser., Zool., 16, 1851, 
p. 47.— Nicholson, Rep. Pal. Prov. Ontario, pt. 2, 1875, p. 9.— Roomer, 
Leth. geog., pt 1, Leth. Pal., 1883, p. 455.— Lambe, Cont Canadian PaL 
Geol. Surv. Canada, 4, pt. 1, 1899, p. 90, pi. 5, figs. 8, 8a. 

Trenton: Watertown, etc., New York; Ontario; Minnesota, etc. 

Protansa yetusta magna Whiteaves. 

Ptotarea (vetusta? var.) magna Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt 8, 

1897, p. 155, pi. 18, figs. 2, 3, 3a. 
Protarea vetusta var. magna Lambe, Cont Canadian Pal., Geol. Surv. Canada, 4, 

pt 1, 1899, p. 91. 
Protanea magna Kifir, Yid.-Sdsk. Skiifter, Math, naturw. Kl., No. 10, 1903, p. 50. 
Richmond: Lower Fort Garry, lifanitoba. 

Protar»a walker! (Spencer). « 

Caunopora waUceri Spencer, Trans. Acad. SdL. St. Louis, 4, 1884, p. 596, pi. 6, 
figs. 9, 9a; Bull. Mus. Univ. Missouri, 1, 1884, p. 46, pi. 4, figs. 9, 9a; Cana- 
dian Nat., 10, 1883, p. 165.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 156, ^.'' 
Nicholson, Mon. British Strom., 1892, p. 26.— Whiteaves, Canadian Rec. ScL 
7, 1896, p. 144. 

Protarea walkeri Parks, Univ. Toronto Studies (Geol. Ser.), No. 5, 1908, p. 60, 
pi. 15, figs. 1, 2. 

Niagaran (?Rochester): Hamilton, Ontario. 

PBOTASTEB Forbes. Genotype: P. sedgwicki Forbes. 

Protaster Forbes, Mem. Geol. Surv. United Kingdom, dec. 1, 1849, pp. 1-2, pi. 4.— 
Murchison, Siluria, 1854, p. 221, ^. 89-4.— Forbes, in McCoy's Pal. Rocks 
Fobs., 1855, p. 60.— Salter, Rep. 26th Meeting British Assoc. Adv. Sci., Notes, 
Abstracts, 1857, p. 76; Ann. Mag. Nat Hist., 2d ser., 20, 1857, p. 325.— 
Pictet, Tiait4 de Pal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, p. 277.— Hall, Pal. New York, 8, for 



BIBUOGBAPHIC UST OF QEKBBA. AND SPECIES. 1045 

ROTASTSlt— Gontiimed. 

1859, 1861, p. 184.~^ltor, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 3d ser., 8, 1861, p. 484.— 
Wzi^t, M<m. Bntifih Fom. Echinod., Oolitic, 2, pt. 1, (Pal. Soc. for 1861), 
1862, pp. 23, 31.— Hall, 20th Bep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868, p. 
293; rev. ed., 1870, p. 335. — Quenstedt, Petrefoctenkunde Deutschlands, 1, 4, 
1876, p. 133, pi. 95, fig. 11.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 444.— StQrtz, 
F&teontograpldca, 32, 1886, pp. 80, 83, 93; Neues Jahrb. Min., Ged. Pal., 2, 
1886, p. 148.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 276.— Gregory, Qeol. Mag., 
dec 3, 6, 1889, p. 26.— StQrtz, Verb, naturb. Yer. preuss. Keinl., etc., 1893, 
p. 18. — James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 18, 1896, pp. 137, 138. — 
GiQgory, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1897, p. 1031, fig. 1.— "Wbidbome, Mon. 
Dev. Fauna Soutb England, 3, Pal. Soc., 1898, p. 206.— Parks, Trans. Cana- 
dian Inst., 8, 1908, pp. 363, 366.— Scbdndorf, Jabrb. nassauiscb. Yer. Naturk. 
V^esbaden, 63, 1910, p. 238.— Scbucbert, Bull. IT. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 
224. 
Encrinaster (part) Haeckel, Gen. Morpbologie, 2, 1866, p. Ixvii (no definition). 

PaocABTXB ELBOANB Parks. See Tseniaster elegans. 

PftOTASTBs lUBXUOSUB Miller and Dyer. See Alepidaster flexuosos. 

« 

PaoTASTBR? GaANUUFBBUB Mook. Soo Alepldaster granuliferus. 

FaoTASTXR MTAMTBNSiB Miller. See Alepidaster miamiensis. 

Protaster steDlfer Binguebeig. 

Protaster stellifer Bingueberg, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1886, p. 7, pi. 1, 

fig. 2— Scbucbert, Bull. XT. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 228. 
GUntcm (Bocbester): Lockport, New York, and Grimsby, Ontario. 

froUatm whlteaTeslana Parks. 

Protaater wbiteavesiaDa Parks, Trans. Can. Institute, 8, 1908, p. 368, figs. 1-6. — 

Scbucbert, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 88, 1915, p. 227. 
Trenton (Curdsville): Eirkfidd, Ontario. 

PkoTAarBRAGAMTHiON StQrtz. See TJrasterella McCoy. 

FkoiASTEUKA Ulrlcb. See Alepidaster Meek. 

Pbotasterina Billings (part). See Scbucbertia Gregory. 

nOTAXOCBINUS Springer. Genotype: Taxocrinus ovalis Angelin. 

Lecanocrinus Billings (not Hall), Ged. Surv. Canada, Can. Oig. Bern., dec. 4, 

1859, p. 46. 
Taxocrinus Angelin (part). Icon. Crin. Suec., 1878, p. 8.— Wacbsmuth and 

Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Pbiladelpbia, Bev. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 50. 
Protaxocrinus Springer, Jour. Geol., 14, 1906, pp. 515, 519; SSittel-Eastman Textb. 

Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 205; Mono. Crin. .Flex., Smitb. Inst, (in press). 

^rotaIoerln1l8 elegans (Billings). 

Lecanocrinus elegans Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Bep. Progr. for 1853-1856, 

1857, p. 278; Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 4, 1859, p. 47, pi. 4, figs. 4a, 4b. 
Tkxocrinus elegans Wacbsmutb and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Pbiladelpbia, 

1886, p. 68 (Kev. Pal., pt. 3, p. 144).— Miller, N. A. €^1. Pal., 1889, p. 285, 

fig. 440.— Grabaa and Sbimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 564. 
Protaxocrinus elegans Springer, Geol. Surv. Canada, Mem. 15P, 1911, p. 11 (gen. 

ref.); Mono. Crin. Flex., Smitb. Inst, (in press). 
Itaitosi (Chndsville): Ottawa, Ontario. 



1046 BULLETIN 92, UNITBD STATES NATIONAL MUSETJM. 

Protazocrlnus IibtIs (Billings). 

Lecanocrlnus kevia Billings, Geol. Surv. Canada, Rep. Prpgr. for 1853-1S56, 

1857, p. 278; Geol. Surv. Canada, dec. 4, 1859, p. 47, pi. 4, fig. 3a. 
Taxocrinus kevis Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat ScL Philadelphia, 

1886, p. 68 (Rev. Pal., pt. 3, p. 144). 
Protaxocrinus Isevis Springer, Geol. Surv. Canada, Mem. 15P, 1911, p. ll, pL 8, 

figs. 10, 11; Mono. Crin. Flex., Smith. Inst, (in press). 
Trenton (Curdsville): Ottawa and Kirkfield, Ontario. 

Protaxocrinus robustus Springer. 

Protaxocrinus robustus Springer, Mono. Crin. Flex., Smith. Inst, (in presB). 
Niagaran (Brownsport): Decatur Coimty, Tennessee. 

Protaxocrinus ylrgtnlensls Springer. 

Protaxocrinus virginiensis Springer, Mono. Crin. Flex., Smith. Inst, (in press). 
Helderbeigian (Eeyser): Keyser, West Virginia. 

Protbbogamerooebas Ruedemann. See Cameroceras Conrad. 

Protsbopilocbrab Ruedemann. See Piloceras Salter. 

PBOTICHNITES Owen. G^otype: P. septemnotatua Owen. 

Protichnites Owen, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 8, 1852, p. 214. — ^BillingB, 
Canadian Nat. Geol., 1, 1857, pp. 35--39. — ^Dawson, Canadian Nat. Geol., 7, 
1862, pp. 271-277.— Ohapman, Expos. Minerals Geol. Canada, 1864, pp. 158, 
160.— Billings, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 26, 1870, pp. 484-485. — 
Chapman, Canadian Jour. Sci. Lit. Hist., n. s., 15, 1877, pp. 486-490. — 
Dawson, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 46, 1890, pp. 599-601, figs. 4 and 5a. — 
Packard, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sci. Boston, 36, 1900, pp. 63-71.— Walcott» 
Smiths. Misc. Coll., 57, 1912, p. 275. 

Frotfchnltes altemans Owen. 

Protichnites altemans Owen, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 8, 1852, pp. 214-217> 

pi. 9. — ^Logan, Geol. Caxiada, 1863, p. 104, fig. 13.— ^Lesley, Geol. Surv. 

Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 775, fig. * 
Upper Cambrian or Ozarkian (Potsdam): Near Beauhamois, Quebec. 

Protlelinltes latus Owen. 

Protichnites latus Owen, Quart. Jour. €reol. Soc. London, 8, 1852, p. 218, pi. 11. 
Upper Cambrian or Ozarkian (Potsdam): Near Beauhamois, Quebec. 

Protichnites lineatus Owen. 

Protichnites lineatus Owen, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 8, 1852, p. 220, pi. 
13 and pi. 8A, 3.— Billings, Geol. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 104, 
fig. — ^Lesley, Rep. Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, P 4, 1889, p. 776, figs. 

Upper Cambrian or Ozarkian (Potsdam): Near Beauhamois, Quebec. 

Frotlchnltes logananns Marah. 

Protichnites logananus Marsh, Amer. Jour. Sci., 2d. ser., 48, 1869, pp. 46^9; 

Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sd., 17, 1869, pp. 322-324.— Walcott, Smiths. Misc. 

CoU., 57, 1912, p. 279, pi. 48-49. 
Upper Cambrian or Ozarkian (Potsdam): Essex Coimty, New York. 
PUtiotype.—C&t. No. 58402, U.S.N.M. 

Protichnites multlnotatas Owen. 

Protichnites multinotatus Owen, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 8, 1852, pp. 

214-217, pi. 9.— Logan, Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 104, fig. 14.— Lesley, Geol. 

Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 776, figs. 
Upp^ Cambrian or Ozarkian (Potsdam): Near Beauharnob, Quebec. 



BIBUOGBAPHIO LIST OF GENBBA AND BPBCIES. 1047 

Flotleluiltes ootonotatus Owen. 

ProtichidteB octonotatus Owen, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 8, 1852, p. 
214-217, pi. 9.— Logan, Geol. Canada, 1863, p. 104, figs. 16, 17.— Lesley, 
Geol. Snrv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 776, figs. 

Upper Cambrian or Ozarkian (Potsdam): Near Beauhamois, Quebec. 

Frotiehnltes septemnotatus Owen. 

Protlchnites septem-notatus Owen, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 8, 1852, pp. 
214-217, pi. 9.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 776, 
fi^i. — Walcott, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 57, No. 7, 1912, p. 278, pis. 46, 47. 

Upper Cambrian or Ozarkian (Potsdam): Near Beauhamois, Quebec. 

Plenotype.— Cat. Nos. 58592, 58593, U.S.N.M. 

FEOTOCRISINA Ulrich. Cienotype: P. exigua Ulrich. 

Protocrisina Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 369. — (Ulrich, in press), Miller, 
N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 317.— Ulrich, ZittePs Textb. Pal. (Engl, ed.), 1896, 
p. 262.— Pocta, Syst. Sil. Centre Boheme, 8, pt. 1, 1894, p. 16.— Nickles and 
Baader, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 1900, p. 21.— Bassler, Bull. U. S. Nat, Mus., 
77, 1911, pp. 71, 72; Zittel-Eaatman Textb. Pal., 1913, p. 320. 

Frotoerisiiia ezlgaa Ulrich. 

Plrotocrisina exigua Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 405, pi. 29, figs. 4-4c; 

pi. 43, figs. 11-lle; ZittePs Textb. Pal. (Engl, ed.), 1896, fig. 417 (p. 262).— 

Cmnings, Amer. Jour. Scl., 4th ser., 20, 1905, pi. 7, fig. 53. — ^Bassler, Bull. 

U. S. Nat. Mus., 77, 1911, p. 73, fig. 17; Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, 

p. 320, ^. 443. 
C^iflinella oeilensis Wiman, Bull. Geol. Univ. Upsala, 5, pt. 2, 1902, p. 181, pi. 6, 

figs. 12-16. 
Richmond: Wilmington, Illinois; central Tennessee (Femvale); Anticosti (Char- 

leton); Island of Gotland (Borkholm drift). 
Pigured sections of cotyp«.— Cat. Nos. 43287, 43288, U.S.N.M. 

Protocrisina perantiqua (Hall). 

Gorgonla perantiqua Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 76, pi. 26, figs. 5a, b. 
Enallopora perantiqua D'Orbigny, Prodr. de Pal., 1, 1850, p. 22. — ^Emmons, 

Amer. Geol., 1, pt. 2, p. 206, pi. 7, figs. 5a, b.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 

1889, p. 301. 
Protocrisina perantiqua Bassler, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 77, 1911, p. 71 (gen. ref.). 
Trenton: Middleville, Trenton Falls, etc., New York; Montreal, Quebec. 

FBOTOCTCLOCEBAS Hyatt. Genotype: Orthoceras lamarcki Hall. 

Protocycloceras Hyatt, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 518. — Ruedemann, 

Bull. New York State Mus., 90, 1906, p. 438.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. 

Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 55.— Hyatt, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 

1913, p. 599. 

Froto€yeIocera8(l) Ihrtimm (Billings). 

Orthoceras furtivum Billings, Geol. Can. Pal. Foss., 1, 1865, p. 348, fig. 337. 
Protocycloceras(?) cf. furtivimi Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 90, 

1906, p. 445, pi. 16, fig. 3. 
Canadian (Beelonantown): Township of Kitley, Canada; Beekmantown, New 

York. 

Protocycloceras lamarcld (Billings). 

Orthoceras Lamarcki Billings, Canadian Nat. Creol., 4, 1859, p. 362; Geol. Canada, 
GeoL Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 121, fig. 38a-c; Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. 
Canada, 1865, pp. 255, 347, ^. 336.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, 
Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 551, figs. 



1048 BULLETIN 92^ TTNTTBD STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

ProtoeyelocerM Umarcki— <}ontinued. 

JProtocycloceras lamarcki Hyatt, Zittel-Eastman Textb. P^., 1, 1900, p. 518 (gen. 

ref.}.— Buedemaim, Bull. New York State Mus., 90, 1906, p. 441, pi. 15, 

figs. 1-6; pi. 16, fi^. 1-2; figs. 15, 16.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 

FoasilB, 2, 1910, p. 56, fig. 1255. 
Ganadian: Mingan Islands; Godmanchester, and Leeds and Grenville counties, 

Canada; Newfoundland; Beekmantown, etc.. New York (Beekmantown). 

Frotocyeloceras whltfleldl Ruedemann. 

Orfhoceras bilineatum Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 3, 1890, p. 35, 

pi. 2, ^. 5, fig. 17ar-b. 
Protocycloceras whitfieldi Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 

90, 1906, p. 443, fig. 17a, pi. 15, ^, 7. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Fort Cassin, Vermont. 

PBOTOKIONOCEBAS Grabau and Shimer. 

(jenotyx)e: Orthoceras meduUaie Hall. 
Pi^otokionoceras Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 58. 

Frotoktonoceras erebescens (Hall). 

Orthoceras erebescens Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Hist., 1868, p. 854, 

pi. 19 (10), figs. 1-3; rev. ed., 1870, p. 413, pi. 19, figs. 1-3.— Chamberlin, 

Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, p. 194, fig.— Whiteavee, Pal. Fobs. Geol. Surv. 

Canada, 3,'pt. 1, 1884, p. 37; ibid., pt. 2, 1895, p. 98.— Newell, Proc. Boston 

Soc. Nat. Hist., 23, 1888, p. 466.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. 

P 4, 1889, p. 545, fig.— Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 

5, 1903, p. 80, pi. 10, figs. 24, 27, 28; p'. 11, figs. 2-5. 
Protokionoceras erebescens Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 

58, fig. 1263. 
Niagaran: Racine, etc., Wisconsin (Waukesha, Racine, and Guelph); Heepeler, 

Flora, etc., Ontario; Shelby, New York (Guelph). 

Protokionoceras medullare (Hall). 

Orthoceras medullare Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Hist., 1868, p. 353, 

pi. 20, figs. 1, 2; p. 381; rev. ed., 1870, p. 412, pi. 20, figs. 1, 2.— Meek and 

Worthen, Geol. Surv. Hlinois, 6, 1875, p. 504, pi. 26, fig. 1.— Hall, Uth Ann. 

Bep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 323; Trans. Albany Inst., 10, 

1883, p. 74.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 1, 1884, p. 37.— 

Zeyes, Missouri Geol. Surv., 5, 1894, p. 227.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., (Seol. 

Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 2, 1895, p. 99 (loc. occ). — Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. 

Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 216; Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 216.— 

Kindle and Breger, 28th Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1904, p. 

469, pi. 19, figs. 1, 2. 
Orthoceras (Eaonoceras) medullare Clarke and Ruedemann, Bull. New York State 

Mus., 65, 1903, p. 811 (gen. ref.). 
Kionoceras medullare Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 65, 

1903, p. 86, pi. 10, ^. 23. 
Protokionoceras medullare Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, 

p. 58, fig. 1262. 
Clinton-Niagaran: Waukesha, etc., Wisconsin (Racine); Flora, Ontario; New 

York; Delphi, Indiana; etc. 

Protokionoceras tmsttum (Clarke and Ruedemann). 

Orthoceras trusitum Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 5, 1903, 
p. 77, pi. 10, figs. 25, 26; pi. 13, figs. 1-10, 



BIBUOGBAPHIC UST OF GEKEBA AND SPECIES. 1049 

Protoklonoeeras tra8ltaiii--Goiitinued. 

Piotokionoceraa tnudtuin Giabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Foesils, 2, 1910, 

p. 59. 
OrthoceiBa cf. truaitum Giabau, Michigan Geol. Surv., Geol., Ist ser., 1909, 

p. 196. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Shelby and Rochester, New York. 
Ca3nigmn (Oobleddll): Schoharie, New York. 
TUpper Monroan (Lucas): Groese Isle, Detroit Elver, Michigan. 

Protopaubastbb Hudson. S^e Hudsonaster StOrtz. 

FB'OTOPBIiTIJBA BrOgger. Genotype: Olenus? acanthurus Angelin. 

Protopeltura BrOgger, Die Sil. Etagen 2-3, Krisldania, 1882, p. 105. — Koken, Die 
Leitfossilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 357.— Moberg and MoUer, Geol. Foren. Stock- 
holm Foihandl., 20, 1898, p. 265. 

Protopeltura acanthura tetracanthara Matthew. 

Protopeltura acanthura var. tetracanthura Matthew, Trans. Bo3ral Soc. Canada, 

9, eec. 4, 1892, p. 53, pi. 13, figs. 8ar-c. 
Canadian (Bretonian — Div. C3a): Germain Street, St. John, New Brunswick. 

PBOTOPHRAGMOCEBAS Hyatt. Genotype: Cyrtoceias murchisoni Bairande. 
Pkotophragmoceras Hyatt, Zlttel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1900, p. 532; ibid., 2d ed., 
1913, p. 612. 

Protophragmoceras hereules (Winchell and Marcy). 

Lituites Hercules Winchell and Marcy, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1865, 

p. 102, pi. 3, ftg. 9. 
Gyioceras Hercules Chamberlin, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, p. 194, fig. 
Cyrtoceras hercules Hall, 20th Bep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist, rev. ed., 

1870, p. 409, pi. 17, figs. 6, 7. 
Halloceras(?) hercules Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 77, 

fig. 1292. 
Cyrtoceras (Phragmoceras?) amplicome Hall, 20th Bep. New York State Cab. 

Hist., 1868, p. 358, pi. 17 (8), figs. 6, 7; p. 393. 
Niagaran (Bacine): Chicago, Illinois; Wisconsin. 

Frotophragmoeeras hereules carroUense (Kindle and Breger). 

Lituites (Ophidioceras?) hercules carrollensis Kindle and Breger, 28th Ann. Bep. 

Dep. Geol. Nat. Bes. Indiana, 1904, p. 474, pi. 16, ^, 1; pL 17, fig. 1. 
Niagaran: Delphi, Indiana. 

Protophragmoceras patronas Clarke and Buedemann. 

Protophragmoceras patronus Clarke and Buedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 

5, 1903, p. 97, pi. 19, figs. 1, 2. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Shelby, New York. 

PaoTOBSTOPORA Zittol. See Polypora McCoy. 

PBOTOBHTNCHA HaU and Clarke. 

Genotype: P. dubia HaU and Clarke»P. ridleyana Safford. 

IVotoihyncha Hall and Clarke, Pal. New York, 8, pt. 2, 1893, p. 180; 13th Ann. 

Bep. New York State Geol., 1895, p. 824.— Schuchert, Zittel-Eastman Textb. 

Pal., 1, 1900, p. 323; 2d ed., 1913, p. 396.— Baymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 7, 

1911, p. 226. 

Observation. — See Baymond (1911) for discussion of thisgenus. Hall and Clarke 

based their generic description upon specimens of Bhynchonella ridleyana 

Safford from High Bridge, Kentucky, which they incoirectly identified as Atrypa 

dubia HaU. 



1050 BVUJSTIN n, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Pbotorhtnosa jbquxradulta Hall and Claxke. See Gamaiotochia 

Pbotorhtnoha dttbia Hall and Clarke. See Protoihyncha lidleyana. 

ProCorhyncha dubia Hall. 

Atiypa dubia Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 21, pi. 4 bis, fig. 6.— Kmmonn, 

Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 192, pi. 3, fig. 23. 
Bhynchonella dubia Hall, 12th Bep. New York State Gab. Nat Hist, 1859, p. 66. 
Piotorbyncha dubia Hall and Clarke (part), Pal. New York, 2, 1893, p. 180. — 

Eaymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 7, 1911, p. 226. 
Chazyan: Chazy, New York. 

Observation. — Neither defined nor figured so as to be reoognizable. As the 
original type is lost, the name should be dropped. (See Raymond, 1911.) 

Protorhyneha rtdleyana (Safford). 

Rhjmchonella Ridleyana Safford, Geol. Tennessee, 1869, p. 287 (nom. nud.). 
Protorhyneha ridlesrana Hayes and Ulrich, U. S. Geol. Surv., folio 95, Fannal 

chart, 1903 (gen. ref.). 
Protorhyneha dubia Hall and Clarke (part), Pal. New York, 8, pt 2, 1893, p. 

180. 
Catazyga uphami-australis Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, p. 

31, pi. 2, figs. 19a-b; pi. 3, figs. 14a-K:. 
Stones River (Pierce and Ridley): Murfreesboro, etc., Tennessee; bottom of goige, 

High Bridge, Kentucky. 

PBOTOBTHIS Hall and Clarke. Genotype: Orthis billingsi Hartt 

Ph)t(Hrthis Hall and Clarke, 11th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1891, 1892, 
'pp. 273, 274; 45th Ann. Rep. New York State Mus., 1892, pp. 589, 590; Pal. 
New York, 8, pt. 1, 1892, pp. 231-233.— Walcott, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 28, 
1905, pp. 280, 281.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 211. — 
Walcott, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 53, 1908, pi. 11, and pp. 142, 147; Mon. U. S. 
Geol. Surv., 51, 1912, p. 738. 

Protorthlsf emssinensls Whitfield. 

Prot(Rlhis cassinensis Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 9, 1897, p. 173, pi. 

4, figs. 1, 2.— Seely, Vermont State Geol. Rep., 7, 1910, pi. 61, figs. 1, 2. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Fort Cassin, Vermont. 

Protorthlsf minima Whitfield. 

Protorthis minima Whitfield, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 9, 1897, p. 178, pi. 4, 

figs. 8, 4.— Seely, Vermont State Geol. Rep., 7, 1910, pi. 61, figs. 3, 4. 
Canadian (Beekmantown): Fort Cassin, Vermont 

PBOTOSCOLEX Uhich. Genotype: P. covingtonensis Uhich. 

Ptotoscolez Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1878, p. 89.— Miller, N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 520.— Miller and Faber, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 15, 
1892, p. 83. 

Protoscolez coTliigtoneiisIs Ulrich. 

PiotOBColez covingtonensis Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1878, p. 

89, pi. 4, fig. 2. 
Eden (Economy): Covington, Kentucky. 
irote^pe.-Oat. No. 46537, U.S.N.M. 

Frotoseoles magnus Miller and Faber. 

Ph>toecolex magnua Miller and Faber, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 15, 1882, 

p. 83, pi. 1, figs. 5, 6. 
Eden (Fulton): First ward, Cincinnati, Ohio. 



BIBUOGRAPHIC LIST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 1051 

Frotoseolex omatus Ulrich. 

PktitoBColex omatas Ulrich, Jour. Oinciimati Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1878, p. 90, pi. 4, 

fig. 1.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 520, fig. 941. 
Eden (Economy): Covington, Kentucky. 
Cb^pM.— <^. No. 46538, U.S.N.M. 

Protoseolez'sliiiplex Ulrich. 

Protoecolex simplex Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1878, p. 91, pi. 

4, fig. 4. 
Eden (Economy): Covington, Kentucky. 
Jlofo^.— €at No. 46539, U.S.N.M. 

Protoaeolex tenuis Ulrich. 

Protoecolex tenuis Ulrich, Jour. Cindnliati Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1878, p. 90, pi. 4, 

fig. 3. 
Eden (Economy): Covington, Kentucky. 
Fofo<^.— Cat. No. 46540, U.S.N.M. 

FKOTOSPONGIA Salter. Genotype: P. fenestrata Salter. 

ProtOBpongia Salter, Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 20, 1864, p. 238. — ^Roemer, 
Leth. geog., 1, Theil, Leth. Pal., Erste Lief, 1880, p. 315.— SoUas, Quart. Jour, 
(jeol. Soc. London, 36, 1880, p. 362.— Hinde, Canadian Rec. Sci., 3, 1888, p. 
64; Mon. British Fobs. Sponges, Pal. Soc., 1888, p. 105.— Miller, N. A. Geol. 
Psd., 1889, p. 163.— Schluter, Zeits. d. d. geol. Geeell., 44, 1892, p. 616.— 
Matthew, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada^ 10, sec. 4, 1893, p. 95.— Rauff, Palseon- 
tographica, 40, 1894, p. 233.— Matthew, Trans. New York Acad. Sci., 14, 1895, 
p. 112, pi. 2, fig. 5. — ^Dawson, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 2d ser., 2, sec. 4, 
1896, p. 101. 

Diagonidla Rauff, Palseontographica, 40, 1894, p. 248. (Genotypes: Protospongia 
coronata and P. cyathiformis.) 

Frotospongia (Diagonlella) coronata Dawson and Hinde. 

Protospongia coronata Dawson and Hinde, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 7, sec. 4, 

1890, p. 41, figs. 8-10; pi. 3, fig. 4. — Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. 

P4, 1889, p. 780, figs. — ^Dawson, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 2d ser., 2, sec. 4, 

1896, p. 106, pi. 2, figs. 5, 6; figs. 13-15; ibid., 2d ser., 2, sec. 4, 1895, p. 106, 

figs. 13-15; pi. 2, figs. 5, 6. 
Protospongia? (Diagoniella) coronata Rauff, Palseontographica, 40, 1894, p. 248, 

pi 1, figs. 21, 22. 
Canadian? (Levis?): Metis, Quebec. 

Protospongia (DtagonleUa) eyathlformts (Dawson and Hinde). 

Protospongia cyathiformis Dawson and Hinde, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 7, sec. 

4, 1890, p. 43, figs. 13, 14; pi. 3, fig. 6.— Dawson, ibid., 2d ser., 2, sec. 4, 1896; 

p. 107, figs. 15, 16, pi. 2, figs. 7-8. — Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. 

P 4, 1889, p. 781, figs. 
Protospongia? (Diagoniella) cyathiformis Rauff, Palseontographica, 40, 1894, p. 

248, pi. 3, figs 4, 5. 
Canadian? (Levis?): Metis, Quebec. 

Protospongia dellcatula Dawson and Hinde. 

Protospongia delicatula Dawson and Hinde, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 7, sec. 
4, 1890, p 43, fig. 15; ibid., 2d ser., 2, sec. 4, 1896, p. 105, figs. 11, 12.— Lesley, 
Geol. gurv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 782, figs.— Rauff, Pal»onto- 
graphica, 40, 1894, p. 257. . 

Canadian? (Levis?): Metis, Quebec. 

84248*'— Bull. 92— vol 2—15 ^22 



1052 BULLBTIN 92, UNITED BTATB8 NATIONAL MUSEUM, 

Protospongla mononema Dawson and Hinde. 

Fiotoepongia mononeiiia Dawson and Hinde, Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 7, see. 4^ 
1890, p. 40, figs. 5-7, pi. 3, ^, 3.— Dawson, ibid., 2d ser., 2, sec. 4, 1896, p. 103^ 
figs. 6-8, pi. 1, figs. 2, 3.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889» 
p. 781, figs.— Rauff, Palffiontographica, 40, 1894, p. 247, pi. 2, figs. 2, 3. 

Canadian? (Levis?): Metis, Quebec. 

Protospongla poljnema Dawson and Hinde. 

Protospongia polynema Dawson and Hinde, Tians. Roy. Soc. Canada, 7, sec. 4, 
1890, p. 42, figs. 11, 12, pi. 3, fig. 5.— Dawson, ibid., 2d ser., 2, sec. 4, 1896, 
p. 104, figs. 9, 10.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania Rep. P4, 1889, p. 782, 
figs.— Rauff, Palffiontographica, 40, 1894, p. 247. 

Canadian? (Levis?): Metis, Quebec. 

Protospongia tetranema Dawson. 

Protospongia tetranema Dawson, Canadian Rec. Sci., 3, 1888, p. 52, ^. 1. — 
Hinde, ibid., 1888, p. 63.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, 
p. 782, figs. — ^Dawson and Hinde, Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada, 7, sec. 4, 1890, 
pp. 37-39, figs. 1-4, pi. 3, figs. 1, 2.— Dawson, ibid., 2d ser., 2, sec. 4, 1896, 
pp. 101-103, figs. 1-5, pi. 1, figs. 1, 4.— Rauff, Palseontographica, 40, 1894, p. 
246, pi. 1, figs. 19, 20. 

Canadian? (Levis?): Metis, Quebec 

PROTOSTIGMA Lesquereux. Genotype: P. sigillarioides Lesquereux. 

Protostigma Lesquereux, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc., 1877, p. 169.— ^Miller, N. A. 
Creol. Pal., 1889, p. 135. 

Protostigma stgtllaroldes Lesquereux. 

Protostigma sigillaioides Lesquereux, Proc. Amer. Pliil. Soc., 17, 1877, p. 169; 
pi. 1, figs. 7, 8.— Miller, Proc. Davenport Acad. Sd., 2, 1878, p. 206.— Saporta, 
Le Mondes des Plantes, Appar. Homme, 1879, p. 167, figs. 4, 6.— ^Lesquereux, 
Chain of life, 1880, p. 92, Sg. 84b. — ^Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. 
P 4, 1889, p. 783, figs. 

Eden (McMicken) and Richmond (Waynesville): Cincinnati and Or^gonia, 
Ohio. 
Observation.— -A second species is probably represented in the Richmond q>eci« 

men, which may belong to the Glyptoceras section of Cyrtoceras.. 

PROTOYIBGULABLA McCoy. Genotype: P. dichotoma McCoy. 

Protoviigularia McCoy, Ann. Mag. Nat Hist, 6, 1850, p. 272. 

ProtoTlrgalarIa dichotoma McCoy. 

Protoviigularia dichotoma McCoy, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 6, 1850, p. 272; Britiflh 

AsB'n 20th Rep., 1851, p. 107; British Pal. Foes., 1853, p. 10, pi. IB, figs. 

11, 12.— Malaise, Bull. Acad. Roy. Beige., 20, 1890, p. 447.— Ruedemann, 

Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt 2, 1908, p. 243. 
Middle Ordovidan: England; Stockport, New York (Normanskill). 
Ptoib^pw.— Cat. No. 54253, U.S.N.M. 

Protowabthia Ulrich and Scofield. See Sinuitee Koken. 

PROTOZEUGA Twenhofel. Genotype: Waldheimia mawii Davidson. 

Protozeuga Twenhofel in Savage, Bull. Creol. Surv. Illinois, 23, 1913, pp. 16, 51. — 

Twenhofel, Bull. Victoria Mem. Mus., 3, 1914, p. 29. 
Waldheimia Davidson, Suppl. Sil. Foes. Bradh., 1882, p. 76. 



BIBLIOORAPHIO LIST OF OENBBA AND SPECIES. 1053 

FtotoMOga antloostUna Twenhofel. 

Fh)tozeug» anticosthuia Twenhofel, Bull. Victoria Mem. Mus., 8, 1914, p. 31» 

pL 1, figB. 8-10. 
Bichmond (EngBflh Head, Charleton): Engliflh Head, etc., AnticostL 

Frotooeugs auleoearlnata Savage. 

FtotoEeuga solcocarinata Savage, Bull. Geol. Surv. IllinoiB, 23, 1913, p. 51, pi. 1, 
figB. 19-21; pi. 5, fig. 6. 

Upper Medinan: Near Thebes, Illinois (Girardeau); Louiedana, MlsBouri (Edge- 
wood— Noix). 

Pbotoztoa Hall and Clarke. See Zygospira Hall. 

F8EUB0CRINITES Pearce. Genotype: P. bifasdatus Pearce. 

pBeudocrinitee Pearce, Proc. Creol. Soc. London, 4, 1843, p. 160.— Forbes, Mem. 
Geol. Surv. Great Britain, 2, pt. 2, 1848, p. 494.— Jaekel, Stammeqg. Pelmat., 
Berlin, 1, 1899, p. 283, ^. 60 on p. 284; Zittel-E«stman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, 
p. 187.— Schiidiert, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 47, 1904, p. 226, pi. 37, figs. 11, 12.— 
I^»inger, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 153; 

Pseodocrinus Haeckel, /.mphorideen und Cystoideen, Leipzig, 1896, p. 135. — 
Bather, Treatise Zool., 3, Echinoderma, London, p. 62, f^, 29. 

Ptondoerlnltee abnormalls Schuchert. 

Pseodocrinites abnormalis Schuchert, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 47, 1904, p. 231, pi. 35, 

figs. 10-12; Ma^land Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, p. 238, pi. 33, figs. 

10-12. 
Heldert>e^gian (Keyaa): Keyan, West '\^iginia. 
^ofo^pe.— Cat No. 35068, n.S.N.M. 

Pfteiidoertiiltee elarkl Schuchert. 

Pseudocrinites darki Schuchert, Amer. Geol., 32, 1908, p. 233, pi. 36, figs. 4-7; 
pL 89, fig. 14; Smiths. Misc. Coll., 47, pt. 2, 1904, pp. 233, 234, pi. 39, fig. 14; 

Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, p. 240, pi. 33, figs. 15-18; pi. 35, 
fig. 14. 

Heldert>e^gian (Kesrser): Keyser, West Viiginia. 

Cat^peB.-OaL No. 35070, n.S J^.M. 

Pseadoerlnltes eUypolel Schuchert. 

Pseudocrinites daypolei Schuchert, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 47, 1904, p. 232, pi. 37, 

fig.l. 
Helderbeigian (EJeyser)^ Clark's Mill, near New Bloomfield, Pennsylvania. 
Holoi^pe.-^9t. No. 35066, U.S.N Jf. 

PBeadoerinltee elongatus Schuchert. 

Pseudocrinites elongatus Schuchert, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 47, 1904, p. 235, pi. 35, 

figs. 6, 7; Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, p. 241, pi. 34, figs. 3, 4. 
Helderbeigian (Eeyser): Pleasant Valley, west of Martin Mountain, Penni^l- 

vania. 
^o2o^pe.— Cat. No. 35065, U.S.N .M. 

PBeudoerlnltee gordonl Schuchert. 

Pseudocrinites gordoni Schuchert, Amer. Geol., 32, 1903, p. 235; Smiths. Misc. 
Coll., 47, pt. 2, 1904, p. 229, fig. 29, pi. 36; figb. 8-12; pi. 39, figs. 11-13; Mary 
land Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, p. 236, pi. 33, figs. 5-0; pi. 35, figs. 11-13. 

Helderbergian (Eeyser): Eeyser, West Virginia. 

Holatin^ and paro4rp«t.— Oat. No. 35071, U.S.N Jl. 



1054 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Pseudocrinttes perdewl Schuchert. 

Pseudocrinites perdewi Schuchert, Amer. GeoL, 32, 1903, p. 238; Smiths. Misc. 
Coll., 47, 1904, p. 236, pi. 36, figs. 1-3; pi. 39, figs. 8-10; fig. 32; MftryUnd 
Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, p. 242, pi. 34, figs. 5-7; pi. 35, figs. 8-10. 

Helderbeigian (Keyser): Near Keyser, West Virginia. 

Holotype and paratype.--0&t. No. 35072, U.S.N Jl. 

Pseudocrinites steUatus Schuchert. 

Pseudocrinites stellatus Schuchert, Amer. Geol., 32, 1903, p. 236; Smiths. Misc. 
Coll., 47, 1904, p. 232, pi. 35, figs. 8, 9; pi. 39, fig. 7; Maryland Geol. Surv., 
Low. Dev., p. 239, 1913, pi. 33, figs. 13, 14; pi. 35, fg. 7. 

Helderbeigian (Keyser): Keyser, West Viiginia. 

Holotype.— Cst. No. 35069, U.S.N .M. 

Pseudocrinites subquadratus Schuchert. 

Pseudocrinites subquadratus Schuchert. Smiths. Misc. Coll., 47, 1904, p. 234, pi. 
35, figs. 4, 5; Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev. 1913, p. 237, pi. 34, figs. 1, 2. 
Helderbergian ( Keyser) r Devil's Backbone, near CumberlaQd, Maryluid. 
Holotype.— €2kt. No. 35067, U.S.N .M. 

.PsBUDOCBiNUS Haockel. See Pseudocrinites Pearce. 

PSEUDOHORNEBA Boemer. Genotype: Retepom difihisa Hall. 

Drymotrypa Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 399.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 

1st App., 1892, p. 684.— Nickles and Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 

1900, p. 235.— Grabau, Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 169; Bull. 

Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 169.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 

Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 141. 
Thamnocella Simpson, 14th Ann. Kep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 

525. 
Pseudohomera Boemer, Leth. geog., Leth. Pal., 1, Atlas, 1876, expl. pi. 12, fig. 

2,— Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 190^, p. 49; Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 

77, 1911, p. 172. 

Pseudohomera dlGhotoma (Ulrich). 

Drymotrypa dichotoma Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 399, pi. 53, ftg. 6. 
Trenton: Montreal, Quebec. 
Holotype.-^OAt. No. 43388, U.S.N .M. 

Pseudohomera dlihisa (Hall). 

Betepora diffusa Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 160, pi. 40C, figs. la-f. 
Drymotrypa diffusa Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, pi. 53, figs. 7-7b. — 

Giabau, Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 169, fig. 69; Bull. Buffalo 

Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1907, p. 169, fig. 69.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 

Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 142, fig. 197; 
Pseudohomera diffusa Boemer, Leth. geog. Leth. Pal., 1, 1876, Atlas, pi. 12, fig. 

2.— Bassler, BuU. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 50, pi. 23, figs. 6-9; pi. 18, 

figs. 1-3. 
Clinton (Rochester): Lockport and Rochester, New York; Grimsby and Hamilton, 

Ontario. 
Pletiotype.—OaX. N. 43389, U.S.N.M. 

Pseudohomera nlagarensls (Hall). 

Fenestella n. sp. Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, pi. 40D, fig. 4. « 
Thamniscus? Niagarensis Hall, 28th Ann. Kep. New York State Mus. (doc. ed.), 
1876, pi. 11, figs. 22-25; ibid., mus. ed., 1879, p. 126, pi. 11, figs. 22-25; 11th 
Ann. Bep. Indiana Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 254, pi. 10, figs. 22-25.— Lesley, 
Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Bep. P 4, 1890, p. 1185, figs.— Simpson, 14th Ann. 
Bep. State (jeol. New York for 1894, 1897, pi. 11, figs. 15-17. 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC LIST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 1055 

Ftsendohomera ntmgarensls — Continued. 

Drymotrypa niagarensis Ulrich, GeoL Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 399. 
Pseudc^omera niagarensis gassier, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 49, pi. 

18, fig. 20; pf. 19,'fig8. 14-16. 
Clinton — ^Niagaran: Lockport and Niagara Falls, New York; Hamilton, Ontario 

(Rochester); Waldron, Indiana; and Newsom, Tennessee (Waldron). 

Pbbudolinoula Mickwitz. See Lingula subgenus Pseudolingola. 

FSEUBONISCUS Nieszkowsld. Genotype: P. aculeatus Nieszkowski. 

FeendoniscusNieszkowski, Archiv. f. Naturk-Liv-Ehst. u. Kurl., 1, 1859, p. 381. — 
Schmidt, Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Pet3rsburg, 7th ser., 31, No. 5, 1883, p. 
34.~Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1885, p. 642.— Packard, Mem. Nat. Acad. Sci., 
3, pt..2, 1886, p. 151.— Vogdes, Ann. New York Acad. Sci., 6, 1889, p. 2, 
pi. I, fig. 5.— Clarke, 54ih Rep. New York State Mus., 1901, pp. 84-88.— 
Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 403.— Olarke, Zittel- 
. Eabtman Textb. Pal., 1900, p. 673; 2d ed., 1913, p. 777. 

Ptoadontacus roosereltt Clarke. 

Pseudoniscus roosevelti Clarke, 54ih Ann. Rep. New York State Mus., 1st App., 
1902, pp. 87, 89, pi. 1, fig. 1; pi. 2, figs. 1-3.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 
Foflsils, 2, 1910, p. 403, fig. 1703. 
Cayugan: Near Pittsford, Monroe County (Pittsford), and Litchfield, New York 
(Bertie). « 

NSUDOSPHJEBEXOCHUS Schmidt. 

Genotype: Spheerexpchus hemicranium Eutoiga. 
Pseudosphffirexochus Schmidt, Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersburg, 7th ser., 30, 
1881, pp. 122, 124, 126, 130, 170.— Olarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, pp. 
737-^.— Reed, Geol. Mag., dec. 4, 3, 1896, p. 119.— Eoken, Die Leitfossilien, 
Leipzig, 1896, p. 35, fg. 23; fig. 2.— Reed, Geol. Mag., dec. 4, 5, 1898, p. 210.— 
Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 1905, p. 375. — Grabau and Shimer, N. A. 
Indpx FoesilB, 2, 1910, p. 320.— Raymond, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, 
p. 725. 

PsBTTDOBPHjniBXOCHUB APOLLO Raymond. See Anacheirurus? apoUo. 

PBeadosphflDrezochus approxtmus Raymond. 

Baeudosphserexochus approximus Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 3, 1905, p. 369, 

pi. 14, fig, 18; 7th Rep. Vermont State Geol., 1910, p. 242, pi. 36, fig. 18. 
Chazyan (Crown Point): Sloop Bay, Valcour Island, New York. 

PseadosphfBrexoelius canadensis (Billings). 

Sphserexochus Canadensis Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Greol. Surv. Canada, 

1866, p. 64, ^, 21. 
Anticostian (Chicotte): Southwest Point, Anticosti. 

Pseudosphferexoehus chaiyensts Raymond. 

Pseudosphfierexochus chazyensis Raymond, Ann. Cam^ie Mus., 3, 1905, p. 370, 
pi. 14, figs. 19, 20; 7th Rep. Vermont State Geol., 1910, p. 243, pi. 36, figs. 
19,20. 
Chazyan (Crown Point): Valcour Island and Chazy, New York. 

VBeudosphflDrexoehusf cllntonl (Foerste). 

Ceraurus Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 2, 1887, p. 98, pi. 8, 5g, 17. 

CerauruB (Pseudosphcerexochus) clintoni Foerste, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1895, 

p. 527, pi. 27, fig. 17. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Brown's Quarry, near Dayton, Ohio. 



1056 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PBeudosphArezoehusf erjrx (Billings). 

Gheinmis Eryx Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 822, fig. 30; G«oL 

Canada, Geol. Sur. Canada, 1863, p. 239, fig, 276 (fig. only); FaL F<ms., 

Geol. Surv. Canada, 1, 1865, p. 413, fig. 399. * 

Ozarklan? (LeYis-erratics}: Point Levis, Quebec. 

PBeudo8ph»rezoehu8 mereurius (Billings). 

Cheirurus Mereurius Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 285, 

fig. 272. 
Ceraurus (Cyrtometopus) mereurius Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt 2, 1894, p. 736. 
Pseudospheerexochus mereurius Raymond and Barton, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 

54, 1913, p. 542 (gen. ref.). 
Chazyan (Quebec-P): Cow Head, Newfoundland. 

PsKUDOSFHiBRBXOCHUS (Nibszxowbkia) battsus Raymond. See NJeszkowskia 
satyrus. 

PseudosphArezoelias trentonensls Clarke. 

Pseudosphserexochus trentonensis Clarke, Geol. lOnnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 734, 

figs. 53, 54.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey Pal., 3, 1903, p. 205, pi. 15, figi. 

24,25. 
Ceraurus trentonensis Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 787 (gen. ref.). 
Trenton: Trenton Falls, New York; Jacksonburg, New Jeney. 

FfteudosphArezoehus Toleanus (Billings). 

Cheirurus vulcanus Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 284, figi. 

271a-c (not p. 324, ^. 310»-c»NieszkowBkia billingri). 
Pseudospherexochus vulcanus Raymond, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 3, 1905, p. 367, 

pi. 14, ^. 16, ^. 10; 7tli Rep. Vermont State Geol., 1910, p. 241, pL 36, fig. 

16.— Grabau and Shlmer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 320, ^. 1634d. 
Cheimrus prolificus Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, (3eol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 285, ^. 

273» p. 325, figs. 311, 312. 
Ceraurus (Pseudospherexochus) prolifieus Clarke, Geol. Ifinnesota, ,3, pt. 2, 1894, 

p. 738 (gen. ref.). 
Chasyan: Cow Head, Newfoundland (Quebec-P); Valcour Island, New Yerk. 

PsKUDOSFHiBBBXOOHUS VXJLCAN17S var. BILLING8I Raymond. See Nieszkowskia 
billingsi. 

PSILOCONCHA Ulrich. (Genotype: P. gnauiis Ulridi. 

Psiloconcha Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 665; Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt 2, 
1894, p. 530.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 386. 

Pstioeonoha elllptlea Ulrich. 

Psiloconcha elliptica Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 667, pi. 52, figs. 3, 4; 

Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 530, ^, 42c-d. 
Orthodesma ellipticum MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 783 (gen. ref.). 
Richmond (Waynesville): Clarksville, Ohio. 
Co^p«.— Cat. No. 46281, U.S.N.M. 

Psfloeoncha grandle Ulrich. 

Ptailoconcha grandis Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 665, pi. 52, figs. 1, 2; 

Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 530, ftg. 42ar-b.— Grabau and Shimer, 

N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 386, ^. 489d-e. 
Orthodesma grande Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 783 (gen. ref.). 
Richmond (Waynesville): Waynesville, Ohio. 
Holoiype.—Ctkt. No. 46283, U.S.N.M. 



BIBUOGBAPHIO USX OF GBNBBA AND 8PB0IES. 1057 

FrikMoneha Inomat* Ulrich. 

FtaOoconcha inomata Ulrich, Oeol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 667, pi. 52, figs, 11 and 

12.— Giabau and Shimer, N. A. Index FoarilB, 1, 1909, p. 387, ^. 491. 
llaysville: Cincinnati, Ohio (BeUevue); St. Hilaize, Quebec (Pulaald). 
Co^pet.-Cat. No. 46284, U.S.N J£. 

IMloeoncba minima XJbich. 

Paloconcha minima Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, pi. 52, figs. 8, 9, p. 669. 
Orthodesma minimum Miller, N. A. Geol. Fftl., 2d App., 1897, p. 783 (gen. ref.). 
Eden (Southgate): Covington, Kentucky. 
A>iol^.— Cat. No. 46285, U.S.N.M. 

PBnoeondia mlnnesotensls Ulrich. 

'"siloconcha minneeotengis Ulrich, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, 4>. 531, pi. 36, 

figs. 31 and 32. 
Orthodesmaminnesotense Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 783 (gen. ref.). 
Trenton (Prosser): Pleasant Grove, Minnesota. 
Holoiype.—Cut, No. 46286, U.S.N.M. 

FsOoeoneha seneet* (Sardeson). 

Modiolopsis senecta Saideeon, Bull. Minnesota Acad. Nat. Sci., 1893, 4, p. 73, 

pi. 2, ^. 17. 
St. Peter: South St. Paul, Minnesota. 

Pafloeonclia slnuata Ulrich. 

PsQoconcha sinuata Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 668, pi. 52, figs. 15 and 16. 
Maysvllle (Bellevue): Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Cotjfpe8.—C9,t. No. 46288, U.S.N.M. 

FftOoeoneha sinuata borealls Foerste. 

Psiloconcha sinuata boreaUs Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, 

p. 296, pi. 2, figs. 9arc. 
Cindnnatian (Pulaski): Riviere des Hurons and Nioolet River, Quebec. 

Pisfloeoncha suborails (Ulrich). 

Orthodesma subovale Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 2, 1879, p. 8, pi. 7, 

fig. 18. 
Psiloconcha subovaUs Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 1893, p. 666, pi. 52, figs. 5-7.-- 

Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 295, pi. 2, ig. 15. 
Maysville: Morrow, Ohio (Bellevue); Riviere des Hurons, Quebec (Pulaski). 
Holotype and pUtioty pes. —CaI. Nos. 46290, 46291, U.S.N.M. 

Mloeoneha subreeta Ulrich. 

Psiloconcha subreeta Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 667, pi. 52, fi^. 13 

and 14. 
Richmond (Waynesville): Waynesville, Ohio. 
Eohtype.'-Cst. No. 46289, U.S.N Jif . 

FiBlloeoncha tenulstrlata Ulrich. 

Psiloconcha tenuistriata Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 668, pi. 52, 5g. 10. 
Orthodesma tenuistriatum Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 784 (gen. 

ref.). 
Eden (Economy): Covington, Kentucky. 
Bolotype.—CaX. No. 46292, U.S.N.M. 

FSILONTCHIA Ulrich. Genotype: P. persngulata Ubich. 

• PsUonychia Ulrich, QeoL. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 648. 



1058 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PBfloigrclila perangalata Ulrich. 

Pailonychia perangulata Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 649» pi. 51, figs. 1-d. 
Ambonychia perangulata MUler, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 779 (gen. rel.). 
MayBville (Coiryville): Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Holoiype,—C9,t. No. 46287, U.S.N.M. 

PsiLOPBYTON GRACiLLiHUB Loequereux. See Mastigograptus gracillimiui. 

Ptbrasfis acadioa Matthew. See Cyathaspis acadica. 

PTEBINEA GoldfuflB. Genotype: P. Isevifl GoldfuaB. 

Pterinea Goldfun, Petrefacta Germaniae, 1826, p. 133; ibid., 2d ed., pt. 2, 1863, 
p. 126.— McCoy, Syn. Char. Carb. Foaailfl, 1844, p. 82.— Brown, Illust. Fosb. 
Oonch. Great Britain and Ireland, 1849, p. 164.— McCoy, British Pal. Kocks 
FoaB* 1854, p. 268.— Woodward, Man. MoUuaca, pt. 2, 1854, p. 262.— Pictet, 
Traite de Pal., 2d ed., 3, 1855, p. 595. — ^Meek, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 2d ser., 
87, 1864, p. 216.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1881, p. 32.— Barrande, Syst. Sil. du 
Centre Boheme, 6, 1881, p. 26.— Hall, Pal. New York, 5, pt. 1, Lam. 1, 1884, 
p. 12; 35th Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., p. 406b; 1st Rep. State Geol. 
New York, 1884, p. 13. — Follmann, Verhandl. d. naturhist. Verein d. preufls 
Bhein, 1885, 42, p. 182.— Freeh, Zeits. d. d. geol. Gesell., 40, 1888, p. 362.— 
Jackson, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 4, 1888, p. 386.— Miller, N. A. Geol. 
Pal., 1889, p. 505.— Jackson, Amer. Nat., 24, 1890, p. 1142.— Whidbome, Mon. 
Dev. Fauna South England, 2, Pal. Soc., 1892, p. 57. — Koken, Die Leitfossi- 
lien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 186, fig. 154.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Hist., 
1899, p. 244.— Philipps, Zeits. d. d. geol. Gesell., 51, 1899, p. 181.— Dall, Zittel- 
Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 367; 2d ed., 1913, p. 444.— Grabau, Bull- 
Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 207; Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, 
p. 207.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, p. 
984.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 419. 

Caritodens Foerste, Bull. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, p. 71 (Genotype: Pterinea 
d^piissa Conrad). 

Ptbbinba aviculoidba Whitfield. See Pterinea lanii. 

Pterinea bellllliieaU Billings. 

Pterinea bellilineata Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 15. 
Richmond (English Head, Charleton): White Cliff, Anticosti. 
PZMtofyp«.— Cat. No. 46293/ U.S.N.M. 

Pterinea bradtl Grabau. 

Pterinea bradtl Grabau, Michigan Geol. Surv., Geol., Ist ser., 1909, p. 166, pi. 16, 

figs. 9, 10. 
Pterinea subplana Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 5, 1903 

p. 49, pi. 5, fig. 4. 
Upper Monroan (Lucas): Salt shaft, Detroit, Michigan. 
Niagaran (Guelph): Shelby and Rochester, New York. 

Pterinea brtsa Hall. 

Pterinea brisa Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Hist., 1868 (extras, 1865), 
p. 337, pi. 14 (5), fig. 1; p. 387; rev. ed., 1870, p, 384, pi. 14, fig. 1.— WincheU 
and Marcy, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1865, p. 108.— Hall, 28th Rep. 
New York State Mus. Nat Hist., doc. ed., 1875, pi. 27, figs. 7-9; ibid., mus. 
ed., 1879, p. 173, pi. 27, figs. 7-9.— Miller and Dyer, Cent. Pal., 1878, p. 10, 
pi. 3, fig. 7.— Hall, 11th Ann. Rep. Indiana Dep. Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, i^ 
816, pi. 27, figs. 24, 25; pi. 28, figs. 7-9.— Chamberlin, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 



BIBLIOGRAPHIC LIST OF GBKEBA AND SPECIES. 1059 

Ftortnea brism— Continued. 

1883, p. 192, fig.— Foerete, BulL Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 1, 1885, p. 91, pL 
13, figs. 14a, b; ibid., 2, pt. 1, 1887, p. 104, pL 8, fig. 30.— Ivesley, GeoL Surv. 
Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 808, figs.- Foerste, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 
7, 1893, p. 557, pi. 25, figs. 14a, b; pi. 27, fig. 30; Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison 
Univ., 14, 1909, p. 65, pi. 4, fig. 61. 
Clinton-Niagaran: Bridgeport, Illinois, and Racine, Wisconsin (Racine); Wal- 
dion, Indiana, and Newsom, Tennessee (Waldron); Ohio; etc. 

PrsRiKEA CABiNATA GoldfusB. Soo Byssonychia cannata. 

Pteiinea clnclnnatleiisis Miller and Faber. 

Pterinea cincinnatiensis Miller and Faber, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 17, 

1894, p. 25, pi. 1, figs. 11-17. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Fteiinea eormgata (James). 

Avicula corrugata James, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 239. 
Pterinea corrugata Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, 

p. 1018. 
Richmond: Wayne County, Indiana. 

Fterlnea coriosa Billings. 

Pterinea curiosa Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticoeti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 51, 

figs. 18a-18b on p. 52. 
Anticostian (Jupiter River): Near Jupiter River, Anticosti. 

Fterlnea cyrtodontoldea Winchell and Marcy. 

Pterinea cyrtodontoidea Winchell and Marcy, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 

1865, p. 95. 
Niagaran (Racine): Chicago, Illinois. 

Pterinea (Caritodens) demissa (Conrad). 

Avicula demissa Conrad, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 8, 1842, p. 242, pi. 

13, fig. 3.— Emmons, Geol. New York, 2, 1842, p. 404, fig. 2.— Owen, Amer. 

Jour. Sci. Arts, 47, 1844, pp. 376, 377, fig. 2.— HaU, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, 

p. 292, pi. 80, figs. 2a, b.— Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 175, pi. 

17, fig. 10; Man. Geol., 1860, p. 102, fig. 2.— Billings, Geol. Canada, Geol. 

Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 215, fig. 220.— Miller, Cincinnati Quart. Jour. Sci., 

1, 1874, p. 215.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 63, fig. 
Pterinea demissa McCoy, British Pal. Rocks, Fobs., 1854, p. 260, pi. 1, fig. 7.— 

Hall and Whitfield, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 2, 1875, p. 78, pi. 2, fig. 1.— 

Chamberlin, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, p. 174, fig.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 

1889, p. 505, fig. 902.— Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 
. 1908, p. 1018, pi. 48, fig. 1.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, 

p. 419, fig. 545. 
Pterinea (Caritodens) demissa Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., M, 1910, 

p. 71, pi. 1, fig. 10; Jour. Cincijpati Soc. Nat. Hist., 21, 1914, p. 134. 
Caritodens demissa Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 269, pi. 

1, fig. 10; pi. 3, fig. 11. 
Avicula subretrofiexa D*Orbigny, Prodr. de Pal., 1, 1849, pi. 13. — ^Boule and 

Thevenin, Ann. de Pal., 1, fasc. 1, 1906, p. 4 (100), pi. 1, fig. 6. 
Maysville and Richmond: Near Rome, New York (Pulaski); Cincinnati, Ohio, 

and vicinity; Indiana; Kentucky; Tennessee; Quebec; etc. 

ftorinea elegans Savage. 

Ptmneafilegans Savage, Bull. Geol. Surv., Illinois, 23, 1913, p. 117, pi. 7, fig. 18. 
Ujyper Medinan (Channahon): Will County, Illinois. 



1060 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Ptbrinba blliftica Miller. See Prolobella subelliptica. 

Pterinea emaeerata (Conrad). 

Avicula emacerata Conrad, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1842, p. 241, pi. 
12, ^. 15.— HaU, Pal. New York, 2, 1862, p. 83, pi. 27, i^e. la, b; p. 282, 
pi. 69,figB. lar-e; Nat. Hist. New York,Geol., 4, 1843, p. 108, fig. 4; p. 109; 
tab. ill. 15, fig. 4.— Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 1, 1856, p. 60, pi. fig. 6.— 
Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Hist, (extras, 1865), 1868, p. 337; rev. 
ed., 1870, p. 384.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 68, 

figB. 
Ptcrinea emacerata Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 207, fig. 135; 

Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 207, ^. 135.— Weller, Geol. Surv. 

New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 242, pi. 22, fig. 4.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. 

Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 419, fig. 546. 
Actinopteria emacerata Whitfield and Hovey, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist, 11, 

pt. 2, 1899, p. 156 (gen. ref.). 
Avicula leptonota Hall, Nat. Hist. New York, Geol., 4, 1843, p. 76, fig, 5; tab. ill. 

8, fig. 5. — Owen, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 48, 1845, p. 306, fig. 5.— Lesley, Geol. 

Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 69, ^. 
Clinton: Lockport, Rochester, Wolcott, etc.. New York; Hamilton, etc., Ontario 

(Rochester); Nova Scotia. 
THelderbergian (Decker Ferry): Two miles south of Tristatee, New York. 

Pterinea formosa Savage. 

Pterinea formosa Savage, Bull. Geol. Surv. Illinois, 23, 1913, p. 53, pi. 2, fig. 1. 
Upper Medinan (Girardeau): Alexander County, Illinois. 

Pterinea honeymani (Hall). 

Avicula honeymani Hall, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 153, fig. 13.— Dawson, 
Acadian Geol., Suppl. Chap., 1860, p. 68, filg. 59; 2d ed., 1868, p. 604, fig. 210. 
Pterinea honeymani Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 506 (gen. ref.). 
Silurian (Arisaig): Arisaig, Nova Scotia. 

Pterinea Insneta (Emmons). 

Avicula insueta Emmons, Geol. New York, 2, 1842, p. 399, fig. 5.— HaU, Pal. New 
York, 1, 1847, p. 291, pi. 80, figs, la, b.— Emmons, Amer. Geol., 1, pt 2, 
1855, p. 175, pi. 17, f^. 15.— Rogers, Geol. Pennsylvania, 2, pt. 2, 1858, p. 
820, fig. 617.— Emmons, M&. Geol., 1860, p. 101, fig. 91.— lincklaen, 14th 
Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1861, pi. 4, fig. 6.— Miller, Cincinnati 
Quart. Jour. Sci., 1, 1874, p. 216. — ^Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, R^. 
P 4, 1889, p. 69, figs. 

Pterinea insueta Cumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, 
p. 1019, pi. 48, fig. 2. 

Utica(7): Canajoharie, New York. 

TMaysville: Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Pterinea lanli Giabau. , 

Pterinea aviculoidea Whitfield (not Hall), Geol. Rep. Wisconsin, 4, 1882, p. 822. 

pi. 25, figs. 6, 7; Ann. New York Acad. Sci., 5, 1891, p. 514, pi. 5, ^. 23; 

Geol. Ohio, 7, 1893, p. 415, pi. 1, ^g. 23.— Sherzer, ifichigan Geol. Surv., 7, 

pt. 1, 1900, p. 225, pi. 17, ^g. 23. 
Pterinea lanii Giabau, Michigan Geol. Surv., Geol., 1st ser., 1909, p. 164, pi. 20, 

^. 13; pi. 30, figs. 23, 24.--Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, 

p. 420, fig. 547. ^ 

Lower Monroan: Waubakee, Wisconsin; southeastern Michigan (Raisin River a^d 

Lucas). 



BIBU0QR4PHI0 LIST OF GENERA. AND SPECIES. 1061 

Ptorlnaft laxata MUiama. 

Pterinea laxata Williams, Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus., 42, 1912, p. 393, pi. 50, figs. 5 

and 5a. 
Siliirian (Pembroke): Leig^ton Gove, WaBhlDgton Ckmnty, Maine. 
Coupes.— €at. No. 58443, U.S.N Ji. 

Prkimxa MODioLiUUB Comad. See Modlolopsis modiolaris. 

Fterlnea mueronata UMch. 

Pterinea mucionata Ulrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 2, 1879, p. 24, pi. 7, 

fig. 21. 
Eden (Econcmiy): Covington and Constance, Kentucky. 
Holotypc—Otit, No. 46294, U.S.N.M. 

PiKBiNXA (Axboktchia) nbolbcta McChesney. See Amphicoelia n^lecta. 

Pterinea nerrata FoeiBte. 

Pterinea nervata Foente, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 67, pi. 4, 

fig. 60. 
Niagaran (Waldron): Newsom, Tennessee. 

Pterinea newsomenais Foerste. 

Pterinea newsomensis Foente, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 14, 1909, p. 66, 

pi. 4, figs. 59a, b. 
Niagazan (Waldron): Newsom, Tennessee. 

Fterinea oeeldentails Whiteaves. 

Pterinea ocddentalis Whiteaves, Geol. Surv. Canada, Pal. Foes., 3, pt. 4, 1906, 

p. 287, pi. 28, figB. 1-3. 
Niagaian: Ami Island, near northeast shore of Lake Winnepogosis, Manitoba 

Prbinsa obbicuiabis Emmons. See Ambonychia orbicularis. 

PfBBDOBA FABTULA Miller. See Pakeopteria parvula. 

^BBnmA FHOLADis Courad. See Cymatonota pholadis. 

Pterinea proUfiea Billings. 

Pterinea prolifica Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 16. 
Bichmond (Charleton and English Head): Charleton Point, Anticosti. 
Ptoto^j)«.— Cat. No. 46296, U.S.N.M. 

PnamxABEVOLUTAWincheUandMarcy. SeeEh<»nbopteria(NewsomeIla)revoluta. 

Pterinea rogatula Miller and Faber. 

Pterinea rugatula Siiller and Faber, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hirt., 17, 1894, 

p. 26, pi. 1, figs. 18, 19. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Pterinea aeeariformis (Hall). 

Avicula securiformis Hall (not Hall, 1859), Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 331, pi. 75, 

fig. 4, 5a, b. 
Pterinea securiformis Meek, Amer. Jour. Sd. Arts, 2d ser., 87, 1864, p. 216 (gen. 

ref.).— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 420, ^. 548. 
Cayugioi (Oobleskill and Bondout): Schoharie, etc., New York. 

Pterinea 8tri»€08ta (McChesney). 

Ambonychia struecosta McChesney, Deec. New Fdssils, 1861, p. 88. 
* Pterinea (Ambonychia)Btriflecoeta McChesney, Plates Illust. N. Sp. Fossils, 1865, 
pL9,fig.4. ' 



t ^ - 



1062 BULLETIN .92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Ftertnea strlaMOSta— Continued. 

Pterinea struecosta Winchell and Marcy, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1866, p. 
96.— McChesney, Trans. Chicago Acad. Sci., 1, 1868, p. 41, pL 9, ^. 4. — 
Grabau and Shkier, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1909, p. 420, fig. 

Niagaian (Racine): Bridgeport, etc., Illinois; Wisconsin. 

Fterinea striata (Billings). 

Modiolopsis striata Billings, Cat. Sil. Foes. Anticosti, Cleol. Surv. Canada, 1866, 

p. 48. 
Gamachian and Anticostian (Qun River, Jupiter River): Junction Cliff, etc., 

Anticosti. • 

PrBRiNEA STRiATULA. Miller. See Fiolobella striatula. 

PrBRiNBA 8UBPLANA Billiugs. Sos Loiopteria subplana. 

PrsRiNBA SUBPLANA Clarke and Ruedemann. See Pterinea bradti. 

Pterinea subqiuidrata James. 

Pterine% subquadrata James, Paleontologist, No. 2, 1878, p. 13. 
Richmond: Clinton County, Ohio. 

Pterinea subrecta (Hall). 

Avicula subrecta Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 331, pi. 76, f^g. 3. 
Aviculopecten subrectus Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 468 (gen. ref.). 
Cayugan (Cobleskill): Schoharie, New York. 

Pterinea submgosa (D'Orbigny). 

Avicula rugosa Vanuxem (not Mdnster, 1840), Nat. Hist. New York, Geol., 3, 
1842, p. 112, fig. 2.— HaU, ibid., 4, 1843, p. 142, ^. 2; tab. iU. 26, fig. 2.— 
Mather, ibid., 1, 1843, p. 349, text ^. 2. — Owen, Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts, 2d 
ser., 1, 1846, p. 47, fig. 2.- Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 291, footnote.— 
Emmons, Man. Geol., 1860, p. 113, ^. 102.— Llncklaen, 14th Rep. New 
York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1861, p. 58, pi. 9, ^, 2.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. 
Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 69, fig. 

Avicula subrugosa D'Orbigny, Prodr. de Pal., 1, 1849, p. 83. 

Waterlime: New York. 

Pterinea textllis (Hall). 

Avicula textills Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 288, pi. 52, figs. 9, 107; pi. 53, 

figs. 2, 3, 5, 7, 10. 
Pterinea textllis Billings, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 2, pt. 1, 1874, pi. 4, 

fig. 1.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 811, ^. 
Helderbeigian (New Scotland and Manlius transition)? Albany, Schoharie, and 

Herkimer Counties, New York. 

Pterinea thebesensis Meek and Worthen. 

Pterinea Thebesensis Meek and Worthen, Creol. Surv. Illinoli, 8, 1868, p. 354, 

^,, pi. 6, fig.. 3.— Savage, Bull. (Jeol. Surv. Illinois, 23, 1913, p. 93, pi. 5, 

fig. 28. 
Upper Medinan (Edgewood): Near Thebes, Hlinois; Edgewood and Louisiana, 

Missouri. 

Pterinea thiabe Billings. 

Pterinea Thisbe Billings, Cat. Sil. Foes. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1866, p. 52. 
Anticostian (Gun River, Jupiter River): Challoupe River, AnticostL 

Ftbrinba trbntonbnsis Miller. See Prolobella trentonenais. 



BIBLIOOBAPHIO LIST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 1063 

Ftortnea (TTolmaia) treoeottl Williams. 

Pterinea (TTolmaia) treecotti Williamfl, Proc. U. S. Nat. Miw., 45, 1913, p. 334, 
• pi. 29, figs. 14, 15. 
Sflurian (Edmunda): Crow Neck, northeaat side of North Trescott, Eastport 

Quadrangle, Maine. 
Cbl^pef.— Cat. No. 63955, U.S.N.M. 

FtOTlnea undaU (Hall). 

Avicola undata Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 283, pi. 59, fig. 2; 20th Rep. 

New Yatk State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868, p. 389 (extras, 1865); rev. ed. (1870), 

p. 431. 
Pterinea undata Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 5, 1903, 

p. 50, pi. 5, ^. 6. 
Niagaian: Rochester, New York (Rochester); Shelby, New York (Guelph). 

inxaatA undata Emmons. See Clionychia undata. 

Ftertnea rarlstriat* Billings. 

Pto^lnea varistriata Billings, Cat. Sil. Fossils Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 
1866, p. 50. 

Ridunond (Charleton) and Gamachian (Ellis Bay): Gamache Bay, etc., Anti- 
costi. 

Ptertne« rolans Winchell and Hiarcy. 

Pterinea volans Winchell and Maxcy, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 1,1865, pp. 

95, 108. 
Niagaran (Racine): Chicago, Illinois. 

PTBBINOPECTEN Hall. Genotype: P. undosusHall. 

Pterinopecten Hall, Pal. New York, 5, pt. 1, Lam. (adv. copy), 1883, p. 3; ibid.. 
Lam. 1, 1884, p. 12; 35th Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 1884, p. 
406b; 1st Rep. State Geol. New Ywk, 1884, p. 13.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 
1889, p. 507.— Jackson, Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1890, p. 346.— Eoken, 
Die Leitfosailien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 518. — Grabau, Bull. Bu£Falo Soc. Nat. Sci., 
6, 1899, p. 243.— Hind, Mon. British Carb. Lam., 2, pt. 2, Pal. Soc., 1903, p. 51. 

Ftertnopeetenf obseurus (Hall). 

Awicula obscura Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 280, pi. 49, fig. 6. 
Pterinopecten? obseurus Clarke and Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 

65, 1903, p. 500 (gen. ref.>. 
Cayugan (Manlius): Schoharie County, New York. 

Ftertnopeetenf rhomboldeus (Hall). 

Posidonomya? rhomboidea Hall, Pal. New York, 2, 1852, p. 284, pi. 59, ^. 5. 
Pterinopecten? rhomboideum Whitfield and Hovey, BuU. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 

11, pt. 2, 1899, p. 162 (gen. ref.). 
Clinton (Rodiester): Lockport, New York. 

PrvBOUCHAS Gurich. See Arctinurus Castelnau. 

• 

PTSBONITELLA. Billings. C^enotype: P. venusta Billings. 

Pteronitella Billings, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 2, pt. 1, 1874, p. 141; Cana- 
dian Nat, n. s., 7, 1874, p. 302.— Barrande, Acephales (Extraits Syst. Sil. 
Centre Boheme, 6), 1881, p. 47.— Bigot, Bull. Soc. Geol. France, 3d ser., 17, 
1&9, p. 792.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 507. 

Fteronltella enrta Billings. 

Pteronitella curta Billings, PaL Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 2, pt. 1, 1874, p. 143, 

pi. 9, fig. 6.— Dawson, Canadian Nat., n. s., 9, 1880, p. 343. 
Silurian (Stonehouse): Arisaig, Nova Scotia. 



1064 BULLETIN 92, UIHTED STATES KATIOKAL MUSEX7M. 

Pteronltella oblonga BiUings. 

Pteronitella oblonga BilUngs, Pal. Fobb., QeoL Sunr. Canada, 2, pt. 1, 1874, p. 143, 

pi. 9, fig. 7. * 

Silurian: Ariaaig, Nova Scotia. 

Fteronitellft reniista BillingB. 

Pteronitella venuBtaBillingB, Pal. Foes., Geol. Surv. Canada, 2, pt 1, 1874, p. 142, 

pi. 9, figB. 5, 6a. 
Silurian (Stonehouse): Arisaig, Nova Scotia. 

PrxRONiTBS? suBFiANA WelloT. Soo Leiopteria subplana. 

PTEBOTHECA Salter. Genotype: P. transveraa Salter. 

Pterotheca Salter, Bep. BritiBh Assoc. Adv. Sd., 1852, p. 61.— Miller, N. A. GeoL 

Pal., 1889, p. 392.— Eoken, Die LeitfoBBilien, Leipzig, 1896, p. 98. 
CUoderma Hall, 14th Bep. New York State Cab. Hist, 1841, p. 96. ^ 

Pterotheca anattnlformls (Hall). 

Tellinomya anatiniformis Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 164, fd. 84, fig. 7. 

Clioderma anatifomiis Hall, 14th Bep. New York State Gab. Nat Blst, 1861, 

p. 98. 
Lyonaia anatiniformis Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1865, p. 170. 

Pterotheca anatiniformis Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 393 (gen. zef.). 

Trenton: Watertown, New York. 

Pterotheca attenuata (Hall). 

Clioderma attenuata Hall, 14th Bep. New York State Cab. Nat EQst, 1861, p. 9B. 
Pterotheca attenuata Hall, Bep. Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, 1, 1862, p. 40, fig. 2. — 

Chamberlin, GeoL. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, p. 158, fig.— Foecste, BuU. 8cL Lab. 

Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 312, pi. 11, ftg. 3. 
Black Biver: Wisconsin (Platteville); La Cloche Peninsula, Ontario (LowviOe). 

Pterotheca cmnallculata (Hall). 

Clioderma canaliculata Hall, 14th Bep. New York State Cab. Nat EQst , 1861, p. 97. 
Pterotheca canaliculata Miller, N. A. Ged. Pal., 1889, p. 392 (gen. ref.). 
Trenton: Middleville, New York. 

Pterotheca expansa (Emmons). * 

Delthyris expansus Emmons, Geol. New York, 2, 1842, p. 397, fig. 2, figs. 10^ 

112.— OwcA, Amer, Jour. Sci. Arts, 47, 1^, p. 368, ^g. 2; Geol. ErpL Iowa, 

Wisconsin, Illinois, 2d ed., 1844, p. 84, pi. 17, fig. 14. 
Clioderma expansa Hall, 14th Bep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist, 1861, p. 98. 
Pterotheca expansa Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Bep. P 4, 1889, p. 821. 

fig.—Baymond, Bull. Amer. Pal. , 3, 1902, p. 306, pi. 19, fig. 12.— Weller, Geol. 

Surv. Pal. New Jersey, 3, 1903, p. 179, pi. 12, fig. 35.— Branson, Trans. Acad. 

Sci. St Louis, 18, 1909, p. 45, pi. 7, fig. 14. 
Black Biver: Watertown, New Poland, etc.. New York; Dixon, Illinois; Lincoln 

County, Missoiui. 
TTrenton: Jacksonbuig, New Jersey. 

Pterotheca pentag^na Foerste. 

Pterotheca pentagona Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 17, 1914, p. 313, 

pi. 2, figs. 1, 2. « 

Cincinnatian (Pulaski): Near Chambly, etc., Quebec. 

Pterotheca saflbrdl (Hall). 

Clioderma saffordi Hall, 14th Bep. New York State Cab. Nat Hist, 1861, p. 96, 
pi. 6, figs. 15-17. 



BIBUOGBAPHIO USX OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 1065 

Pterotheca saffordl— Continued. 

Pterotheca (Cliodenna) safifordi Lesley, Qeol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889» 

p. 821, figs. 
Stones River (Lebanon): Lebanon, Tennessee. 

Ftwotlieea transTersa (?Salter) Billings. 

Ptefotheca tzansvena Salter, Rep. 22d Meeting British Assoc. Adv. Sci., Notes, 

Abstracts, 1853, p. 61.— Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Antibosti, Geo!. Surv. Canada, 

1866, pp. 22, 67 (loc. ref.). 
Richmond (English Head, Charleton): Gamache Bay, Andcosti. 

Fteiotlieea undolata (Hall). 

Cliodenna undulata Hall, 14th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1861, p. 97. 
Pterotheca undulata Miller, N. A. Ged. Pal., 1889, p. 392 (gen ref.). 
Treoiton: Watertown, New York. 

PTBBTGOMETOPUS Schmidt. Genotype: Calymene sclerops Dalman. 

PterygometopUB Schmidt, Mem. PAcad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersburg, 7th ser., 30, 
1881, pp. 62, 67, 76.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1885, p. 615.-01arke, Geol. 
Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 732. — Eoken, Die Leitfoasilien, Leipzig, 1896, 
p. 82, fig. 21, fig. 3.— Beecher, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 636.— 
Reed, Ged. Mag., dec. 5, 2, 1905, pp. 226, 228.--Grabau and Shimer, N. A. 
Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 323.— Raymond, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, 
p. 727.— Slocom, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Geol. Ser., 4, 1913, p. 79. 

Fteiygometopus aehatea (Billings). 

Dalmanites Achates Billings, Canadian Nat. Geol., 5, 1860, p. 63, fig. 9; Geol. 
Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 187, ^. 186.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 
1889, p. 542, fig. 995.— Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 726, fig. 44.— 
Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus. , 49, 1902, p. 68.— Grabi^ and Shimer, 
N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 325, ^. 1640.— Foerste, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. 
Nat. Hist., 21, 1914, p. 147, pi. 1, ^. 18. 

Trenton: Ottawa, Ontario; New York; Kentucky; Minnesota. 

Fteiygometopiis annulatus Raymond. 

Pterygometopus annulatus Raymond, Annals Carnegie Mus., 3, 1905, p. 376, pi. 
14, figs. 24, 25; 7th Rep. Vermont State Geol., 1910, p. 247, pi. 36, figs. 24, 25. 
Chazyan (Day Point, Crown Point): Valcour Island, New York. 

Fterygometopua caUloephalus (Hall). 

Phacops callicephalus Hall, Pal. New York, 1, 1847, p. 247, pi. 65, figs. 3ar-i; 
Ged. Lake Sup. JLand Dist., Foster and Whitney's Rep., 1851, p. 212, pi. 27, 
figs. 3a, b. — ^Emmons, Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 214, pi. 15, figB. 3c-e, 
7a-c.— Billings, Ged. Canada, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1863, p. 187, ^, 184. — 
Lesley, Geol. Surv. PennsylvanU, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 629, fig. 

Dalmania caUicephala Hall, 12th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1859, p. 
73 (gen. ref.).— Clhamberlin, Geol. Wisconsin, 1, 1883, p. 160, fig. 

Dalmanites callicephalus Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, Geol. Surv. Canada, 
1866, p. 27 (loc. ref.).— Lesley, Ged. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, 
p. 187, figs.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 542, fig. 996.— Cumings, 82d 
Ann. Rep. Dep. Geol. and Nat. Res. Indiana, 1908, pi. 54, figs. 12-12d. 

Pterygometopus callicephalus Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 731, 
figs. 51, 52; p. 732.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., Geol. Surv. Canada, 3, pt. 3, 1897, 
p. 235.— Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 49, 1902, p. 70.— WeUer, 
Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 206, pi. 15, figs. 29-32.— Grabau and 
Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 324, fig. 1639cj d. 

Trenton: Middleville, Watertown, etc., New York; Ontario; Manitoba; Kentucky; 
New Jersey; Minnesota; etc. 



1066 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Pterygometopus carleyl (Meek). 

Dalmanites Oarleyi Meek, Amer. Jour. Sci., 3d ser., 3, 1872, p. 424; Greol. Surv. 

Ohio, Pal., 1, 1873, p. 170, pL 14, figs. 2a-4.— Miller, Cindnnati Quart. Jour. 

Sd., 1, 1874, p. 142. 
Maysville (Fairmount): Cindnnati, Ohio, and vidnity. 

Pterygometopus carleyt rogersensis (Foerste). 

Dalmanites carleyi-rogersenBiB Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison Univ., 16, 1910, 
p. 86. 

Trenton (Cynthiana): Bridge 54, west of Million Tunnel, Madison County, Ken- 
tucky. 

Pterygometopus eboraceus Clarke. 

Pterygometopus eboraceus Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 728, figs. 

48, 49.— Ruedemann, Bull. New York State Mus., 49, 1902, ]». 69, pi. 4, fig. 

15.— Orabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 324, fig. 1639e. 
Dalmanites eboraceus Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 787 (gen. ref.). 
Trenton: Rawlins Mills, New York. 

Pterygometopus firedrickl Slocom. 

Pterygometopus Iredricki Slocom, Fidd Mus. Nat. Hist., Geol. Ser., 4, 1913, p. 

79, pi. 18, figs. 1-5. 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Bloomfidd, Iowa; Clermont and Postville Junction, 

Iowa. 

Pterygometopus goodridgU (Schuchert). 

Dalmanites (Pterygometop\is) goodridgii Schuchert, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 22, 

1900, p. 174, pi. 12, :fig8. 5, 6. 
MohaWkiaft: Head of IVobisher Bay, Baffin Land. 
Co«ype».— Cat. No. 28170, U.S.N.M. 

Pterygometopus Intermedlus (Walcott). 

Dalmanites intermedius Walcott, 3l8t Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist. 
1880 (adv. sheets, 1877), p. 69. 

Pterygometopus intermedius Clarke, Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 727, figs 
45-47; p. 732.— Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey, Pal., 3, 1903, p. 208, pi. 15 
fig. 33.— Branson, Trans. Acad. Sd. St. Louis, 18, 1909, p. 47, pi. 7, ^. 20. — 
Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, p. 324, fig. 1639a, b. 

Black River: Dunleith, Illinois; Clifton and PlatteviUe, Wisconsin (Plattevllle) 
Lincoln County, Missouri (Auburn); Minnesota; New Jersey. 

Plesio(ype,—C&t, No. 41955, U.S.N.M. 

Pterygometopus larrabeel Slocom. 

Pterygometopus larrabeei Slocom, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Geol. Ser., 4, 1913, p. 81, 

pi. 18, figs. 6-8. 
Richmond (Maquoketa): Clermont, Elgin, and Bloomfield, Iowa. 

Pterygometopus Uncolnensls Branson. 

Pterygometopus lincolnensis Branson, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 18, 1909» 

p. 46, pi. 7, figs. 17-19. 
Black River (Auburn — ^Decorah): Lincoln County, Missouri. 

Pterygometopus meta (Hall). 

Dabnania meta Hall, Rep. Geol. Surv. Wisconsin, 1862, p. 433. 
Trenton (7Black River): Wisconsin. 



/ 



BIBLIOOBAPHIO LIST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 1067 

Pteiygom^topus mlerops (Green). 

Calymene miciope Green, Mon. Trilobites North Amer., Philadelphia, 1832, p. 34. 
llayBville(?): Near Ripley, Ohio. 

PterTgometopus saltaensis Eayaer. 

PterygometopuB saltaensis Eayser, Zeita. d. d. Geol. Geeell., 60, 1898, p. 428, 

pi. 16, fig. 4. 
Middle Ordovician: Salte, Argentina. 

Fterygometopus schmldtl Clarke. 

Pterygometopus achmidti Clarke, Geol. Minneeota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 729, %%, 50; 

p. 732. 
Dabnanitee achmidti Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 2d App., 1897, p. 787 (gen. ref.). 
Black River (Platteville) and Trenton (Prosser): Minneapolis, Eenyon, and Gan- 
non Falls, Minnesota. 

Fterygometopus troostl (Safford). 

Dalmanites troosti Safford, Geol. Tenneasee, 1869, p. 290 (nom. nud.).— Clarke, 

Geol. Minnesota, 3, pt. 2, 1894, p. 732, footnote. 
Ghaamops Troosti Safford and Vogdes, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Philadelphia, 1889, 

p. 167, ft%. 
Stones River: Mnrfreeeboro, Tennessee. 

PTEBTGOTUS Agaasiz. Genotype: P. problematicus Agassiz. 

PterygotuaPictet, TraitedePal., 2ded., 2, 1854, p. 538.— Page, Rep. 25th Meeting 
British Aaaoc. Adv. Sci. , Notes, Abstracts, 1856, p. 89.— Hall, Pal. New York, 
3, 1859, pp. 416, 424, fig.— Woodward, Mon. British Foss. Crust., Palseonto- 
graphical Soc., 1866, p. 33; Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 24, 1868, p. 294.— 
Barrande, Syst. Sil. du Ccmtre Boheme, 1, Suppl., 1872, p. 556.— Alth, 
Abhandl. der E.-E. Geol. Reichsanstalt, 7, Heft 1, 1874, p. 53.— Schmidt, 
Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersburg, 7th ser., 31, No. 5, 1883, p. 64. — ^Zittel, 
Handb. Pal., 2, 1885, p. 652.— MiUer, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 564.— Vogdes, 
Annals New York Acad. Sci., 5, 1889, p. 31, 32, fig.— Laurie, Nat. Sci., 3, 
1893, p. 124; Trans. Royal Soc. Edinburgh, 37, 1893, p. 515; Nat. Sci., 2, 
1893, p. 124.— Grabau, Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 231.— Clarke, 
54th Rep. New York State Mus., 1901, p. 83.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. 
Nat. Sd., 7, 1901, p. 231.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 1910, 
p. 411. — Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 14, 1912, 
p. 348.— Clarke, Zittel-Eaatman Textb. Pal., 1900, p. 677; 2d ed., 1913, 
p. 784. 

Ptbrtootus AounoAUDATiTS Pohlman. See Pterygotus buffaloensis. 

PrERTooTus BILOBUS Pohlnuin. See Pterygotus buSaloenaiB. 

Pterygotus buffaloensis Pohlman. 

PterygotuB Buftaloensia Pohlman, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sd., 4, 1881, p. 17, 
figs. 1-3; ibid., 5, p. 24, 1886, pi. 3, fig. 1.— Laurie, Trans. Royal Soc. Edin- 
burgh, 37, pt. 2, 1893, pp. 515, 517.— Semper, Beitr. Pal. Geol. Oester.-Ung., 
11, 1898, p. 74.— Clarke, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, pt. 2, 1900, p. 678, 
%%, 1425.— Seeman, Beitr. Pal. Geol. Oesterr.-Ung., Orients, 19, 1906, p. 51.— 
Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 14, 1912, p. 358, pi. 57, 
^. 3; pis. 67, 68, 72-80, figs. 72-78. 

Pterygotus cummingsi Grote and Pitt, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 3, 1875, p. 18, 

fig. 1. 
84243*— Bull. 92— vol 2—16 ^28 



1068 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Pteryg^otus buffaloensts— Continued. 

Pterygotus sp. (cummingsi?) Pohlman, ibid., 4, 1881, p. 18, Stg, 4. 
Pterygotus acuticaudatus Pohlman, ibid., 4, 1881, p. 42, pi. 2, ^. 3. 
Pterygotus quadraticaudatus Pohlman, ibid., 4, 1881, p. 43, pi. 3, fig. 1. 
Pterygotus? sp. Pohlman, ibid., 4, 1881, p. 44, pi. 3, fig. 2. 
Pterygotus macrophthalmus? Pohlnum, ibid., 4, 1881, p. 44. 
Pterygotus bilobus Pohlman, ibid., 5, 1886, p. 27. 
Gayugan (Bertie): Near Buffalo, New York. 
PUsiotype.-^CAt. No. 60053, U.S.N.M. 

Pteryg^otus canadensis Dawson. 

Pterygotus Canadensis Dawson, Canadian Nat., n. s., 9, 1879, p. 103, figs. 1, 2. 
Niagaran dolomite: Hamilton, Ontario. 

• 

Pterygrotus cobbl Hall. 

Pterygotus cobbi Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1869, p. 417, pi. 83B, fig. 4; pL 84, 
hg. 8.— Grote and Pitt, Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 26, 1878, p. 300, 301, 
^. 1.— Orabau, Bull. New York State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 231; Bull. BufEalo 
Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 231.— BempOT, Beitr. Pal. Geol. Oeatr.-Ung., 
Orients, 11, 1898, p. SO.—ClBike and Rued^nann, Mem. New York State 
Mus., 14, 1912, p. 371, pi. 77, ^. 6. — 

Pterygotus cummingsi Grote and Pitt, Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 26, 1877, 
p. 300, 301, ^. 

Cayugan (Bertie): Near Buffalo, New York. 

Pterygotus eobbl Juvenls Clarke and Riiedemann. 

Pterygotus cobbi var. juvenis Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State 

Mus., 14, 1912, p. 429, figs. 119-121. 
Cayugan (B^lie): Litchfield, Herkimer County, New York. 

Ptebtootub cmaoNOsi Grote and Pitt. See Pterygotus buffaloensis and P. cobbi. 

PrERTGOTUs QLOBICAUDATU8 Pohlmau. See Eurypterus pustulosus. 

Pterygotus (Erettopterus) globlceps Clarke and Ruedemann. 

Eurypterus maria (in part) Clarke, Bull. New York State Mus., 107, 1907, pi. 2, 

fig. 3. 
Pterygotus (Erettopterus) globiceps Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York 

State Mus., 14, 1912, p. 374, pi. 82, figs. 1-12. 
Medinan (Shawangunk): Otlsville, New York, and probably Delaware Water 

Gap, Pennsylvania. 

Pterygotus (Erettopterus) grandls (Pohlman). 

Ceratiocaris grandis Pohlman, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sd., 4, 1881, p. 19, fig. 5. — 

Jones, Rep. 59th Meeting Brit. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 1890, p. 65. 
Pterygotus (Erettopterus) grandis Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State 

Mus., 14, 1912, p. 379, pi. 81, ^, 80. 
Cayugan (Bertie): Buffalo, New York. 

PtBRTGOTUs MACROPHTHALMUS? Pohlmau. See Pterygotus buflaloensis. 

Pterygotus macrophthalmus Hall. 

Pterygotus macrophthalmus Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 418, pi. 80A, figs. 
6, 8, 8a.— Grabau, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci., 7, 1901, p. 231; Bull. New York 
State Mus., 45, 1901, p. 231.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 2, 
1910, p. 411. — Clarke and Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 14, 1912, 
p. 350; pi. 69, figs. 2-7; pi. 70, figs. 1, 2; pi. 71. 



BIBUOGBAPHIC LIST OF GEKEBA AND SPECIES. 1069 

Fteryfotiu maerophtlialmus— Continued. 

Pterygotos oebonii Hall, Pal. New York, 3, 1859, p. 419, pi. 80A, fig. 9.— Lesley, 

Gaol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Bep. P 4, 1889, p. 822, fig. 
Oityngan (Bertie): Litdifield, Waterville, and near Buffalo, New York. 

Pteiygotas monroensis Sarle. 

Pterygotos monioensifl Sarle, Bull. New York State Mua., 69, 1903, p. 1102, pi. 24, 

figs. 7, 9. — Clarke and Buedemann, Mem. New York State Mub., 14, 1912, 

p. 380, pi. 70, figB. 3-5. 
7Pterygota8Bp. Sarle, Bull. New York State Mua.) 69, 1903, p. 1104, pi. 24, figs. 6, 8. 
Gayugan (Pittsford): Pittaford, Monroe County, New York. 

Pterygotos (Eusareusf) nasutus Clarke and Buedemann. 

Pterygotufl (Eusarcus?) nasutus Clarke and Buedemann, Mem. New York State 

Mub., 14, 1912, pp. 382, 416; pi. 86, figs. 6-10, figs. 102, 103. 
Trenton (Schenectady): Schenectady, Aqueduct, and Duanesbuig, New York. 
Cbazyan (Narmanskill): Catskill, New York. 

Fteiygotns normansklUensls Clarke and Buedemann. 

Pterygotus normanskillensis Clarke and Buedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 

14, 1912, p. 416, fig. 104. 
Qiazyan (Nonnanskill): Catskill, Ne^ York. 

Ptxktgotus osbobni HaU. See Pterygotus macrophthalmus. 

^KETGOTUS oubius Clarke. See Dolichopterus otisius. 

Pterygotus prollllcas Clarke and Buedemann. 

Pterygotus jnolificus Clarke and Buedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 14, 

1912, p. 382, pi. 86, figs. 1-5. 
Trenton (Schenectady): Schenectady, Aqueduct, Duanesbuig, etc.. New York. 

PrBBToonrs quabbigaudatus Pohlman. See Pterygotus buffaloensis. 

PTILODICTTA Lonsdale. Genotype: Flustra lanceolata Lonsdale. 

. Ptilodlctya Lonsdale, Murchison's Sil. Syst., 1839, p. 676.— Portlock, Bep. Cteol. 
Londondeny, 1843, p. 338.— McCoy, British Pal. Foss., 1852, p. 45.— Emmons, 
Amer. Geology, 1, pt. 2, 1855, p. 205.— Pictet, Traits de Pal., 2d ed., 4, 1857, 
p. 169.— Eichwald, Leth^ea Boaedca, 1, 1860, p. 387.— Nicholson, Geol. Mag., 
n. s., 1, 1874, p. 123; Pal. Province Ontario, 1874, p. 97.— Zittel, Handb. 
P^., 1, 1880, p. 604.— Vine, Geol. Mag., dec. 2, 8, 1881, p. 474; Bep. British 
Abboc. Adv. Sci., 1881, p. 164; Quart. Jour. Geol. Soc. London, 38, 1882, 
p. 63.— XJlrich, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, pp. 151, 162.— Vine, 
Bep. British Assoc. Adv. Sci, 1883, p. 203.— -Foerste, Bull. Sd. Lab. Denison 
Univ., 2, 1887, p. 155.— Hall and Simpson, Pal. New York, 6, 1887, p. 19.— 
Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 318.— Nettelroth, Kentucky FosbU Shells, 
1889, p. 30.— Ukich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 390; Geol. Minnesota, 3, 
1893, p. 163.— Pocta, Syst. Sil. Centre Boheme, 8, pt. 1, 1894, p. 21.— Ulrich, 
Zottel's Textb. Pal. (Engl, ed.), 1896, p. 279.— Simpson, 14th Ann. Bep. State 
Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, p. 541.— Grabau, Bull. Bufifalo Soc. Nat. Sd., 
6, 1899, p. 176.— Nickles and Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, 
p. 45.— Hennig, Archiv. fttr Zool., E. Sven. Yet. Akad. Stockholm, 2, No. 10, 
1905, p. 16.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Fossils, 1, 1907, p. 155.— 
ComingB, 32d Ann. Bep. Dep. Geol. Nat. Bes. Indiana, 1908, p. 754. — ^Bassler, 
Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 77, 1911, p. 113; Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1913, 
p. 344. 



1070 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PTILODICTTA— Continued. 

Escharopora (not Hall, 1847), Hall, 26th Ann. Rep. New York State Mu0., 1S74, 
p. 99; 32d Ann. Bep. New York State Mus., 1879, p. 161. 

Heterodictya Nicholflon, Qeol. Mag., n. 8., 2, 1875, p. 33; Pal. Piovince Ontario, 
1875, p. 79.— Zitt^l, Handb. Pal., 1, 1880, p. 604.— Vine, Rep. 51st Meeting 
Britiah Aflsoc. Adv. Sd., 1882, p. 166.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pid., 1889, p. 309. 

PnLODiGTTA (part) of authors. See Escharopora Hall and PtUotrypa Ulrich. 

PnLODicrrTA aoxtminata James. See Escharopora acuminata. 

PnLODiGTTA ACUTA Nicholsou. See Pachydiclya acuta. 

PriLODicTTA ALCTONB BilUngs. See Pachydictya crassa. 

Ptflodlctya angusta (Hall). 

Escharopora (Ptilodlclya) angusta Hall, Trans. Albany Inst, 10» 1883» p. 62 
(abstract, 1879, p. 6); 11th Ann. Rep. Indiana Geol. Nat. Hist., 1882, p. 245. 
Ptilodiclya angusta Nickles and Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 377. 
Niagaran (Waldron): Waldron, Indiana. 

PniiODioTTA AMTiQUA Jamos. See Eurydiclya multipora. 

PnLODiGTTA? ABonpoRA Nicholsou. See Bythopora arctipora. 

PnLODiGTTA ARGXTTA BilUngs. Soo P^u^hydictya crassa. 

PnLODicTTA BIP17KCTATA Lesley. See Phaenopora expansa. 

PnLODicTTA BRIARBUS Ulrich. See Escharopora briareus. 

Ptflodletya eanadensis Billings. 

Ptilodictya canadensis Billings, Oat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, 1866, p. 9. 
Richmond (Charleton): (yharleton Point, Anticosti. 

PnLODicrrTA? cincinnatibnsis James. See Arthrqp<nit cindnnatiensis. 

PnLODiCTTA GLBAYELAJn)! James. See Arthropora cleavelandi. 

PiTLODiCTTA OLiNTONBNsis James. See Ptilodictya nodosa. 

PnLODicrrTA crassa Nicholson and Hinde. See Pachydictya crassa. 

PriLODicTTA ORUGiFORicis D'Grbiguy. See EscharoxKira fedciformis. 

PnLODiorTA DUBiA. James. See Arthropora cleavelandi. 

PnLODiGTTA BLBGANTUiA Emmous. See Stictopora elegantula. 

PnLODiCTTA BMACBRATA Nicholsou. Soo Dicranopora emacerata. 

PriLODicTTA BNsnroRMis Ulrich. See Phsenopora ensiformis. 

PnLODiCTTA BZCELLENS Billiugs. Soo Phseuopora excellens. 

Ptflodletya expansa Hall. 

Ptilodictya expansa Hall (part), 12th Ann. Rep. Indiana Geol. Nat. Hist., 1883, 
pi. 12, figs. 2, 3 (but not description on p. 266=Ph£enopora expansa Hall and 
Whitfield).— Foerste, Bull. Sci. Lab. Denison Univ., 2, 1887, p. 156; ibid., 
8»1888, pi. 16, ^, 6; Phx:. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 24, 1889, p. 327.— Lesley, 
Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 826, figs.- Ulrich, Geol. Surv. 
niinois, 8» 1890, fig. lie (p. 391).— Nickles and Bassler, Bull. U. 8. Geol. 
Surv., 173, 1900, p. 378. 



BIBLIOGBAPHIC LIST OF GENERA AND SPECIES. 1071 

ftllodletja eipansft-^Omtiniied. 

PtOodicty» lanceolata var. amaicana Foefste, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 698, 

pi. 36, figs. 3a-b. 
Upper Medinan (Braasfield): Dayton and Todda Fork, Ohio: Ciunberland Gap, 



PU9k}i9P€.-^t No. 43419, nJ3.N.M. (TJLrich). 

PmomcTTABXPANSA Hall (1883 part). See Fhsenopora expansa. 

FCIlodletya expansa emareeseens Foerate. 

Ptilodictya expanaa var. emarceecens Foerate, IVoc. Boston Soc. Nat Hist., 24, 

1889, p. 328, pi. 6, fig. 30. 
Fadlydictya emarcescena Foerate, Cred. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 599, pi. 31, ^. 30. 
Upi>er Medinan (BraaBfidd): Eaton, Ohio. 
Obaervation. — Probably baaed on young examples of Ptilodictya expanaa Hall. 

Ptilodictya explicana Safiford. Not recognized. 

Ptilodictya explicana Safford, Geol. Tennessee, 1869, p. 286 (n(nn. nud). 
Stones River: Central Tennessee. 

Prlomctta falcdobmib NicholsQn. See Escharqpora fiddformis. 

PmomcTTA FAMXiJCUs Foerate. See Pachydlclya? fomelica. 

PnLODicTrA FABcnrs Foerate. See Pachydictya crassa. 

PiiLODiciTA FBNBSTBLuroBMiB Nicholsou. Soo Fachydictya feneatellifonnia. 

Ptdlodictta racBBZATA James. See Fhsnopora fimbriata. 

Ftllodletya lageUum Nicholson. 

Ptilodictya flageUum Nicholson, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hiat., 4th aer., 15, 1875, p. 179, 
pi. 14, figs. 3-3b; Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 262, pi. 25, figs. 4-4b.— Lesley, Geol. 
Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 827, figs. 
Richmond: Near Lebanon, Ohio (Liberty); Idand of Anticosti (Charleton). 

PnL0DiCT7A FLBXU08A James. See Stictqporella flexuosa. 

Phlodioita VBAGnja Billings. See Dicranopora fragilis. 

FtOodletya firondosa Weller. 

Ptilodictya irondosa Weller, Geol. Surv. New Jersey PtJ., 3, 1903, p. 224, pi. 

19, ^. 1-4. 
Helderbergian (Decker Ferry): Two miles south of Tristates, New York. 

Ptilodictya gladlola Billings. 

Ptilodictya gladiola Billings, Gat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, 1886, p. 10.— Baader, Bull. 

IT. S. Nat. Mus., 77, 1911, pp. 114, 115, §g. 43. 
Ptilodictya lanceolata Eichwald (not €k)ldfusB), Lethsda Ross., 1, 1860, p. 388. 
Gamachtan and Anticostian: West End Lighthouse, etc., Anticosti. 
Silurian (Borkholm): Borkholm and Lyckholm, Esthonia, Russia. 
PZaio^p*.— Oat No. 57210, U.S.N.M. 

PnLODiCTTA ORAHAin James. See Arthropora cleavelandi. 

Phlodictta ORANI7L08A James. See Rhinidictya parallela. 

PnLODiCTTA Hnxi James. See Escharqpora hilli. 

PnLODiCTTA iNTBBNODiA. MUIer and Dyer. See Dicranopora intemodla. 



1072 BULLETIK 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PnLODicTTA KENTucKiBNSiB James. See Arthropora kentackienaJB. 

PnLODiGTTA lABTRiNTHioA EmixumB. See Stictopora? labyrinthica. 

PnLODicTTA lANCEoiATA Eichwald. See Pdlodictya gladiola. 

PiiLODiCTTA IANCBOLA.TA var. AMERICANA Foerste. See Ptflodictya expaiua. 

PxiLODicTTA UBANA Safford. See Escharopora llbana. 

PnLODicTTA MACULATA UMch. See Eflcharopora maculata. 

Ptflodlctya magnlllea Miller. 

Ptilodictya magniJQca Miller, Jour. Cindimati Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 1878, p. 100, 

pi. 3, figs. 1, la; N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, fig. 603 (p. 818).— Ulrich, Geol. 8urv. 

Illinois, 8, 1890, fig, Hsmc (p. 391). 
Stenopora mammulata 'Billings, Cat. Sil. Foas. Anticosti, Geol. Snrv. Canada, 

1866, p. 7 (loo. ref.). 
Blchmond: Richmond, Indiana; Oxford, Ohio, etc. (Whitewater); Wilmington, 

Illinois; Maury Coimty, etc., Tennessee (Fernvale); Island of Anticosti 

(English Head and Charletou). 
PUsioi^pe,— Cut. No. 43420, U.S.N. M. 

Ptilodictya multiramis Safford. Not recognized. 

Ptilodictya multiramis Safford, Qeol. Tennessee, 1869, p. 286. 
Stones River (Lebanon): Central Tennessee. 
Observation. — See note on EscharopcHra briaieus Ulrich. 

PnLODiGTTA NmDULA Billings. See Dicranopora nitidula. 

Ptflodlctya nodosa James. 

Ptilodictya nodosa James, Paleontologist, No. 3, 1879, p. 20. — Ulrich, Jonr. 

Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 4, 1882, pi. 7, figs. 2, 2a. — ^Nickles and Bassler, 

Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 380.— Bassler, Pttxj. U. S. Nat. Mns., 

30, 1906, p. 50. 
Ptilodictya clintonensis James, Paleontologist, No. 5, 1881, p. 88. 
Ptilodictya teres James, Paleontologist, No. 5, 1881, p. 40. 
Ptilodictya variabilis Uhich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 304, fig. 2a, fig. 6a 

(p. 317).— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, figs. 605, 606 (p. 319). 
Richmond (Liberty and Whitewater): Clinton and Warren Counties, Ohio; 

Indiana. 
Pktiotype.-^si. No. 43418, U.S.N Ji. 

Ptflodlctya obUqua (Ringuebeig). 

Stict(^ra obliqua Ringuebeig, Phx:. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1884, p. 146, 

pi. 2, figs. 2, 2a. 
Ptilodictya obliqua Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 319. 
Clinton: Lockport, New York. 
Observation. — ^Defined and figured in such a manner that it is questionable 
whether it can be recognized. 

PnLODiCTTA PAVONiA D'Orblguy. See Escharopora pavonia. 

PnLODiorTA PAVONIA Boulo and Thevenin. See Peronopora decipiens. 

PiiLODicTTA PSRBLBGANS Ulrich. Sco Giaptodictya pcrelegaus. 



BIBLIOOBAPHIC UST OF OEKEBA AKD SPECIES. 1073 

Ftilodletya plumaria James. 

Ptilodictya plumazia James, Paleontologist, No. 1, 1878, p. 4. — ^Ulrich, Jour. 

Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 5, 1882, pi. 7, figs. 1, la.— Bassler, Proc. U. S. 

Nat. Mus., 30, 1906, p. 51.— Oumings, 32d Ann. Rep. Dep. GeoL Nat. Res. 

Indiana, 1908, p. 874, pi. 24, fig. 1; pi. 32, fig. 6. 
Kichmond (Whitewater): Waynesville and Oxford, Ohio. 

PniiODicnrA pondbbosa Ulrich. See Escharopora ponderoea. 

PniiODicrTA? PUNCTATA Nicholson and Hinde. See Phaenopora punctata. 

PiTLODiCTTA BAX08A Emmous. See Stictopora? ramosa. 

FnLODicrrA bamosa Ulrich. See Escharopora ramosa. 

PniiODicrTA RASiPORA Nicholsou. See Nematopora raripora. 

Ptixx>dictta kbcta Emmons. See Escharopora recta. 

Ptidodictta rudis Foerste. See Pachydictya crassa. 

PmoDicrTA RUsncA Billings. See Pachydictya crassa. 

PiTLODicTTA Shaffsbi Nicholson. See Arthropora shafferi. 

PnLODicrTA suBRBCTA Uliich. See Escharopora subrecta. 

Ptflodletja suleata Billings. 

Ptilodictya sulcata Billings, Cat. Sil. Foss. Anticosti, 1866, p. 35. 
Anticostian (Jupiter River): The Jumi)er9, etc., Anticosti. 

PtTLODiCTTA 8UPSBBA Billings. Soo Phfieuopora superba. 

Ptilodictya symmetra Safiford. Not recognized. 

Ptilodictya symmetra Safiford, Qeol. Tennessee, 1869, p. 286 (nom. nud.). 
Stones River: Central Tennessee. 

Ftflodietya teneUa Ulrich and Bassler. 

Ptilodictya tenella Ulrich and Bassler, Maryland Geol. Surv., Low. Dev., 1913, 

p. 288, pi. 42, fig. 10; pi. 48, figs. 7, 8. 
Helderbeigian (Keyser): Cimiberland, Maryland. 
Co^p«.— Cat. No. 60744, U.8.N.M. 

PnLODiCTTA TBNBRA Billiugs. Soo Pachydlctya crassa. 

PnLODiCTTA TBRBS Jamos. See Ptilodictya nodosa. 

PnLODiCTTA VARIABILIS Ulrich. Soo Ptilodictsra nodosa. 

PriLODicnrA welshi James. See Phaenopora multifida. 

Ptflodietya whiteayesl Ulrich. 

Ptilodictya Whiteavesii Ulrich, Contr. Micro-Pal. Cambro-Sil., pt. 2, 1889, p.'44, 

pi. 8, figs. 1-le.— Whiteaves, Pal. Foss., 3, 1895, p. 118. . 
Richmond: Stony Mountain, Manitoba (Stony Mountain); Island of Anticosti 

(Charleton). 
Figured sections of cotypeM. — Cat. No. 43476, U.S.N .M. 

PtOodletya whitfleldl Foerste. 

Ptilodictya Whitfieldi Foerste, Geol. Surv. Ohio, 7, 1895, p. 598, pi. 36, fig. 4; pi. 

28, %. 5. 
Upper Medinan (Brassfield): Todds Fork, Clinton County, Ohio. 



1074 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

PnLOGRAPSus Nicholson. See Ptilograptus Hall. 

PTILOOBAPTUS Hall. Genotype: P. plumomiB Hall. 

Ptilograptus Hall, Geol. Surv. Canada, Can. Org. Rem., dec. 2, 1865, p. 139; 
20th Rep. New York State Cab. Hist., 1868, p. 218; rev. ed., p. 252.— Zittel, 
Handb. Pal., 1, 1879, p. 289.— Spencer, Bull. Mus. Univ. State MiaBOuri, 1, 
1884, p. 41; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 4, 1884, pp. 563, 591.— Miller, N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 201.— Pocta, Syst. Sil. Centre Boheme, 8, pt. 1, 1894, p. 
201.— Wiman, Nat. Sci., 9, 1896, p. 246.— Roemer and Freeh, Leth. geog., 1 
Theil, Leth. Pal., 1, 3 Lief., 1897, p. 579.— Ruedemann, Mem. New York 
State Mus., 7, pt. 1, pp. 587, 588.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index Foasila, 
1, 1906, p. 27.— Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, 
pp. 147, 148, 175, 176; Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 128. 

Ptilograpsua Nicholson, Ann. Magi Nat. Hist., 4th ser., 1, 1868, p. 239; Mon. 
British Grapt., 1872, p. 126. 

Ptilograptus foUaeeus Spencer. 

Ptylograpsus foliaceus Spencer, Canadian Nat., n. s., 7, 1878, pp. 458, 462. 

Ptilograptus foliaceus Spencer, Bull. Mus. Univ. State Missouri, 1, 1884, pp. 15, 
41, pi. 6, figs. 7, 7a; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, 4, 1884, p. 591, pi. 6, ig. 7. — 
Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., p. 201, fig. 210.— Gurley, Jour. Geol., 4, 1896, pp. 
100, 309.— Baasler, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 65, 1909, pp. 16, 17, fig. 18. 

Niagaran dolomite: Hamilton, Ontario. 

PtQograptus gelnltiUiias Hall. 

Ptilograptus geinitzianus Hall, Geol. Surv. Canada, Can. Org. Rem., dec. 2, 1865, 
p. 140, pi. 21, figs. 5-8; 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1868, pi. 4, 
figs. 17, 18; rev. ed., 1870, pi. 4, figs. 17, 18, p. 225.— Gurley, Jour. Geol., 4, 1896, 
p. 300. — ^Roemer and Freeh, Leth. Pal., 1, 1897, p. 580. — Ruedemann, Mem. 
New York State Mus., 7, pt. 1, 1904, p. 590, pi. 4, ^, 16. 

Canadian: Point Levis, Quebec (Levis, Didymograptus zone); Deepkill, Rennse- 
laer Coimty, New York (Deepkill). 

Ptnograptus hartnagell Ruedemann. 

Ptilograptus hartnageli Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 11, pt 2, 1908, 

p. 149, pi. 1, fig. 9; text fig. 54. 
Clinton: Sterling Station, Ca}ruga County, New York. 

PtOograptus plumosus Hall. 

Ptilograptus plumosus Hall, Geol. Surv. Canada, Can. Org. Rem., dec. 2, 1865, p. 
140, pi. 21, figs. 1, 2, 3, 4.— Billings, Geol. Surv. of Canada, Pal. Fossils, 1, 
366, 375.— Hall, New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 20th Ann. Rep., 1868, pi. 
4, fig. 16.— Ami, Geol. Surv. of Canada, Rep. 1889, 2d ser., 3, pt. 2, p. 117k. — 
Gurley, Jour. Geol., 4, 1896, 300.— Roemer and Freeh, Leth. geog., 1 Theil, 
Leth. Pal., 1, 1897, p. 579, fig. 151; p. 564, fig. 137.— Ruedemann, New YoA 
State Pal., Ann Rep., 1902, p. 570; Mem. New York State Mus., 7, pt. 1, 
1904, pp. 588-589, pi. 4, figs. 14, 15.— Grabau and Shimer, N. A. Index 
Fossils, 1, 1906, p. 27, fig. 38. 

Ptilograpsua plumosus Nicholson, Mon. British Grapt., 1872, p. 126, ^. 66. 

Canadian: Point Levis, Quebec (Levis, Didymograptus zone); Deepkill and 
Mount Moreno, near Hudson, New York (Deepkill, Diplograptus dentatua 
zone); Cowhead, Newfoundland. 

PtHograptus poctal Ruedemann. 

Ptilograptus poctai Ruedemann, Mem. New "f ork State Mus., 11, pt. 2, 1908, pp. 

148, 149, pi. 1, fig. 8, ^, 53. 
Chazyan (Normanskill): Glenmont, Albany County, New York. 



BmUOGBAPHIO UST OF GEKEBA. AND SPECIES. 1075 

* Ftflogntptus tennisslmus Ruedemann. 

Ptilograptua teniriwHiTnufl Ruedemann, Mem. New York State Mus., 7, pt. 1, 1904, 

p. 591, pi. 4, fig. 13. 
Canadian (Deepkill, Didymograptus bifidus zone): Deepkill, Renaselaer County. 

New York. 

Fm^FOBSLLA Hall. Genotype: Fenestella (Ptiloporella) laticiescenB Hall. 

Ptyloporella Hall, Rep. State Geol. New York for 1884, 1885, p. 36. 

Ptiloporella Hall and Simpson, Pal. New York, 6, 1887, p. xxiv.— Miller, N. A. 
Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 319.--Simp8on, 13th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 
1893, 1895, pp.690, 704, 725; 47th Ann. Rep. New York State Mus., pp. 884, 
898, 919 (on p. 704, p. 898 of Mus. Rep., Simpson has inadvertently inter- 
chimged the terms Ptiloi>orella and Ptiloporina); 14th Ann Rep. State Geol. 
New York fw 1894, 1897, pp. 506, 521.— Nickles and Bassler, Bull. U. S. Geol. 
Sunr., 173, 1900, pp. 40, 383.— Baasler, Bull. U.S. Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 51. 

Pinnaporina Simpson, 13th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1893, 1895, p. 705 
(not p. 725=:Ptiloporina); 47th Ann. Rep. New York State Mus., p. 899 (not p. 
919). 

Piimi4)orella Simpaon, 14th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New York for 1894, 1897, pp. 
507, 521. 

FtHopordlft neirata (Nicholson). 

Fenestella nervate Nicholson, Pal. Ohio, 2, 1875, p. 264, pi. 25, figs. 11, 11a. 

Ptiloporella nervata Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 319.— Bassler, Bull. U. S. 
Geol. Surv., 292, 1906, p. 51, pi. 24, figs. 24, 25; pi. 26, figs. 5, 6. 

Niagaran: Cedarville, Ohio; Lockport, New York; Grimsby, Thofold, and Ham- 
ilton, Ontario (Rochester); Osgood, Indiana (Osgood). 

Pfcfiotopef.— CJat. No. 35743, U.S.N.M. 

PTILOTBTPA Ulrich. Genotype: P. obliquata Ulrich. 

Ptliotrypa XTliich, (jeol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 393.— (Ulrich, in press) Miller, 

N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 320.— Simpson, 14th Ann. Rep. State Geol. New 

York for 1894, 1897, p. 542.— Pocta, Syst. Sil. Centre Boheme, 8, pt. 1, 1894, 

p. 17.— Nickles and Bassler, Bull. U. S. (5eol. Surv., 173, 1900, p. 46. 

FtOotrypa obliquata Ulrich. 

Ptilotrypa obliquata Ulrich, Geol. Surv. Illinois, 8, 1890, p. 531, pi. 30, figs. 1-le.— 
Simpeon, 14th Ann. Rep. SUte. (jeol. New York for 1894, 1897, figs. 100-103 
(p. 642). 
Richmond (Femvale): Wilmington, Illinois; Tennessee. 
CoQfpet.— Cat. No. 43787, U.S.N .M. 

PTTCHASPIS Hall. Genot3rpe: Dikelocephalus miniscaensis Owen. 

Ptychaspis Hall, 16th Ann. Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1863, p. 170.— 

BiUings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 198.— Hall, Trans. Albany 

Inst., 5, 1867, p. 160.— Zittel, Handb. Pal., 2, 1885, p. 602.— Miller, N. A. 

Greol. Pal., 1889, p. 564. 

Pttchabpib ctundricus Billings. See Arionellus cylindricus. 

Ftyehasplflf pauper (Billings). 

Dikelocephalus pauper Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 200. 
Dicellocephalus pauper Matthew, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 10, sec. 4, 1893, p. II, 
footnote. 

Ptychaspis? pauper Walcott, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 57, No. 13, 1914, p. 352 (gen. ref.). 
Ozaikian? (Levia— erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 



1076 BULLETIN 92, UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM. 

Ptyehasplsf seleetus (Billings). 

Dikeloceph&luB selectus Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Creol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 199. 
Ptychaspis? selectus Walcott, Smiths. Hisc. OoU., 57, No. 13, 1914, p. 352 (gen. lef .). 
Ozarkian? (Levis— erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

Ptyehaspts seso^tris (Billings). 

Dikelocephalus Sesostris Billings, Pal. Foss., 1, Geol. Surv. Canada, 1865, p. 198, 

fig. 184. 
Ptychaspis sesostris Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, p. 564, fig. 1052. 
Dicellocephalus Sesostris Matthew, Trans. Royal Soc. Canada, 1893, p. 11, footnote. 
Ozarkian? (Levis— erratics): Point Levis, Quebec. 

Ptychaspis speclosus Walcott. 

Ptychaspis speciosus Walcott, 32d Rep. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist., 1879, 

p. 131.— Lesley, Geol. Surv. Pennsylvania, Rep. P 4, 1889, p. 830.— Walcott, 

Smiths. Misc. Coll., 57, 1912, p. 272, pi. 43, fi^. 16-19. 
Ozarkian or Upper Cambrian (Hoyt): Near Saratoga Springs, New York. 
CoQ^pM.— Cat. Nos. 58563-58565, U.S.N .M. 

Pttchaspis 8T7BCLAVATUS Billiugs. See Arionellus subclavatus. 

PTTCHOCBINUS Warhsmuth and Springer. 

Genotype: Gauroainus splendens ^Cller. 
Ptychocrinus Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1885, 
p. 321 (Rev. Pal., pt. 3, sec. 1, p. 99).— James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 
19, 1897, p. 109.— Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Har- 
vard, 20, 1897, p. 197.— Bather, Geol. Mag., dec. 4, 6, 1899, p. 124; Treatise 
on 2k)ol., pt. 3, Echinoderma, London, 1900, p. 198.— Wachsmuth, Zittel- 
Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 1900, p. 145.— Zittel, Grundzuge Pal., 1, 1910, p. 
161.— Springer, Zittel-Eastman Textbv Pal., 2d ed., 1913, p. 187. 

Pttchocbinus ANouuutis Wachsmuth and Springer. See Ptychocrinus parvus. 

Ptychocrinus parvus (Hall). 

Glyptocrinus parvus Hall, 20th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1867, p. 304 
(nom. nud.); 24th Rep. New York State Cab. Nat. Hist., 1872, p. 207, pi. 6, 
fig. 17 (separate, 1871, pi. 1, fig. 17).— Meek, Geol. Surv. Ohio, Pal., 1, 1873, 
p. 36, pi. 2, fig. 4a, b.— Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 6, 1883, p. 
224. 

Ptychocrinus parvus Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci., Philadel- 
phia, 1885, p. 322 (Rev. Pal., pt. 3, sec. 1, p. 100).— James, Jour. Cincinnati 
Soc. Nat. Hist., 19, 1897, p. 110.— Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. 
Comp. Zool., Harvard, 1897, p. 199, pi. 18, figs. 1, 2. • 

Glyptocrinus angularis Miller and Dyer, Jour. Cindnnali Soc. Nat. Hist., 1, 
1878, p. 28, pi. 1, fig. 10. 

€laurocrinus angularis Miller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 6, 1883, p. 229. 

7Glyptaster (Eucrinus) angularis Wachsmuth and Springer, Amer. Jour. Sci., 
25, 1883, p. 265. 

Ptychocrinus angularis Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila- 
delphia, 1885, p. 323 (Rev. Pal., pt. 2, p. 100). — James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. 
Nat. Hist., 19, 1897, p. 109. 

Reteocrijius gracilis Wetherby, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 4, 1881, p. 83, 
pi. 2, figs. 2a, 2.— Carpenter, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London, 174, 1884, 
p. 927. — James, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., 19, 1897, p. 103. 

Majrsville (Fairmount): Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. 

Plenotype.—Ctkt. No. 40774, U.S.N.M. (Holotype of R. gracilis.) 



BIBLIOGBAPHIC LIST OF GENEBA. AND SPECIES. 1077 

IVtchocrinttb PBIBCT78 Wachflmuth and Springer. See PeriglyptocrinuB priacuB. 

Ftjdioeiiiias splendens (Miller). 

Ganiocrinus splendens ItHller, Jour. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist, 6, 1383, p. 230, 
pi. 2, fig. 3, 3a. 

Ptyt^ocrinuB splendens Wachsmuth and Springer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sd. Phila- 
delphia, 1885, p. 323 (Rev. P^., pt. 8, sec. 1, p. 101).— Keyes, Missouri Geol. 
Surv., 4, 1894, p. 162, pi. 22, Gg, 1.— Wachsmuth and Springer, Mem. Mus. 
Comp. Zool. Harvard, 20, 1897, p. 198, pi. 18, ^, 3a, b.— Savage, Bull. Geol. 
Surv. niinois, 23, 1913, p. 39, pi. 1, fig. 1. 

Upper Medinan (Girardeau): Cape Girardeau, Missouri; Thebes. Illinois. 

PrrcHONSMA HaU and Simpson. See Monotrypa Nicholson. 

FTTCHOPAUA Corda. Grenotype: Conocephalus striatus Emmrich. 

Ptychoparia Corda, Abh. d. k. bohmischen Gesell., d. Wiss., 5 (extract), 1847, 
p. 25, pi. 2, 6g. 11.— Walcott, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 10, 1884, p. 34; ibid., 
30, 1886, p. 193.— Matthew, Canadian Rec. Sci., 2, 1887, p. 357; Trans. Roy. 
Soc. Canada, 5, sec. 4, 1888, pp. 134, 142.— Miller, N. A. Geol. Pal., 1889, 
p. 564.— <Ehlert, Bull. Soc. Geol. de France, 3dser., 33, 1895, p. 319, footnote; 
34, 1896, p. 111.— Beecher, Amer. Geol., 16, 1895, p. 178.— ^Pompeckj, Jahrb. 
d. k.-k. geol. Reichsanstalt, 45, 1896, p. 539. — ^Beecher, Amer. Jour. Sci., 
4th ser., 3, 1897, pp. 104, 184, 187, 188, pi. 3, ^. 16.— Prech, Leth. geog., 
Leth. Pal., 2, 1897, p. 26, footnote.— Toll, Mem. TAcad. Imp. Sd. St. Peters- 
burg, 7th ser., 8, No. 10, 1899, p. 21.— Beecher, Zittel-Eastman Textb. Pal., 1, 
1900, p. 628.— Lindstrttan, Kongl. Sven. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 34, No. 8, 1901, 
p.22.— Jaekel, Zeits. d. d. geol. Gesell., 53, 1901, p. 133; ibid., 54, Brief. Mitth., 
1902, p. 53.— Beecher, Amer. Jour. Sd., 4th ser., 13, 1902, p. 166.— Gronwall, 
Danmarks Geol. Unders., 2, Raekke, No. 1